WorldWideScience

Sample records for den prime atsu

  1. Philip Atsu Afeadie (2016). Workplace Anguish and Pleasure in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Philip Atsu Afeadie's book, Workplace Anguish and Pleasure in Northern Nigeria: Exactions of Colonial ... the author reveals in six chapters the oft-neglected issues involving the power of emotions and sentiments on ... In all, the author, considering the sources at his disposal, does creditably well by drawing attention to.

  2. Priming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conrath, Uwe; Beckers, Gerold J.M.; Flors, Victor

    2006-01-01

    Infection of plants by necrotizing pathogens or colonization of plant roots with certain beneficial microbes causes the induction of a unique physiological state called "priming." The primed state can also be induced by treatment of plants with various natural and synthetic compounds. Primed plants...... display either faster, stronger, or both activation of the various cellular defense responses that are induced following attack by either pathogens or insects or in response to abiotic stress. Although the phenomenon has been known for decades, most progress in our understanding of priming has been made...... over the past few years. Here, we summarize the current knowledge of priming in various induced-resistance phenomena in plants...

  3. Pressure and gap length dependence of gap breakdown voltage and discharge current of discharge-pumped KrF excimer laser. Hoden reiki KrF laser no zetsuen hakai den prime atsu to reiki denryu no atsuryoku, gap cho izon sei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yukimura, K.; Kawakami, H. (Doshisha Univ., Tokyo (Japan)); Hitomi, K. (Kyoto Polytechnic College, Kyoto (Japan))

    1991-04-20

    On the gap destruction characteristics of UV-preionized discharge-pumped KrF excimer laser (charge transfer type) and the electric characteristics of the excited discharge, studies were made by changing the pressure (1.5-3 atm) and the discharge gap length (14-21 mm) of the discharge medium. (1) Gap breakdown voltage and the maximum current of the excited discharge give a similarity by a product of pressure and the gap length at the charge volatge. (2) Insulation breakdown of the gap occurs at the wave front of the applied voltage and the breakdown time gets delayed by the decreasing voltage applied. By setting the ionization index at constant value 20, the gap breakdown voltage is estimated at the error within 10%. (3) The relation between the maximum current, pressure and the gap length product changes the characteristics by the charge voltage of the primary condenser. With the result combined with the standardization of voltage/current of the excited discharge, the electric characteristics at the specific pressure and gap length can be readily known. 10 refs., 10 figs.

  4. Den gode handling og den gode grund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dehs, Jørgen

    1993-01-01

    Den tyske filosof Immanuel Kant er aktuel i dagens etik-debat. "Grundlæggelse af moralens metafysik".......Den tyske filosof Immanuel Kant er aktuel i dagens etik-debat. "Grundlæggelse af moralens metafysik"....

  5. Den unge Heidegger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Den første antologi på dansk om den unge Heideggers skrifter og udviklingen før Væren og tid......Den første antologi på dansk om den unge Heideggers skrifter og udviklingen før Væren og tid...

  6. Surface discharge phenomena of solid insulators under negative impulse voltage in atmospheric air. Taikichu fu impulse den'atsu inkaji no kotai yudentai no enmen hoden gensho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimazaki, T.; Hayashi, T.; Manabe, Y. (Fukuoka Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1991-09-01

    In the case where PET film thickness is varied as a characteristic of creeping discharge in such a electrode arrangement that a rear electrode exists over the whole surface of an insulator, a relation was derived among a creeping distance d'' when negative impulse voltage was applied, a creeping flashover voltage V{sub 50} and a 50% creeping corona onset voltage V{sub C50}. As a result, the V{sub 50}-d characteristic is shown by approximately two straight lines with a certain creeping distance dc'' determined by t'' as a boundary. When a range of d'' being 0.4 cm-dc is called the region C' and a range of dc-10 cm the region A', the V{sub 50} takes the same expression as in the case of acrylic plate in the region C', but in the region A', takes a different expression from that for the acrylic plate. The creeping flashover process in the region A' is approximately identical with that for the acrylic plate. However, the negative streamer's progress distance shortens with an increase in the intrinsic capacity, so does the generation interval. The creeping flashover process in the region C' is the same as for the acrylic plate. 9 refs., 16 figs.

  7. Den Russiske Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Den Russiske Revolution er en af de mest afgørende politiske og sociale begivenheder i det 20. århundredes historie. Den skabte de ideologiske og geopolitiske parametre, der dominerede verden frem til 1991 - og på mange måder stadig gør det. Fortolkningen af Den Russiske Revolution har været et...

  8. Den umulige film

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moestrup, Steffen Damkjær

    2014-01-01

    Den smertelige Sorg og Glæde fuldender en lang og glorværdig karriere for danske Nils Malmros. Den er en yderst vellykket film, fordi den forbliver usentimental om en skæbnesvanger dag i instruktørens liv....

  9. Den canadiske model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böss, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Det har altid været en amerikansk fordom, at Canada er et kedeligt land. Men i lyset af den finansielle krise, er den fordom sværere at holde fast i. Nabolandet mod nord, hvor hverken socialisme eller radikal liberalisme har nydt stor udbredelse, og hvor den finansielle sektor i lang tid har været...

  10. Den amerikanske udfordring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böss, Michael

    1994-01-01

    stalinistiske Bulgarien. Opgøret med den strukturalistiske skole, han selv var med til at danne, satte specielt ind efter hans genlæsning af Mikail Bakhtin i begyndelsen af 1970'erne. Nu vender han sig mod den relativisme, som både denne og den post-koloniale amerikanske kritik er udtryk for....

  11. "Den onde kvinde"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Søren

    2002-01-01

    Et af Dødehavsskrifterne, af den første udgiver kaldet "Den onde kvindes rænker" (4Q184), beskriver en svigefuld kvinde, der lokker fromme mænd i fordærv. Artiklen gennemgår tekstens fortolkningshistorie og påviser den rolle, det har spillet for læsningen, at teksten a priori er blevet opfattet s...

  12. Den inkluderende skole

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedegaard Hansen, Janne

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen tager afsæt i en forståelse af inklusion som den enkelte elevs ret til deltagelse i de eksisterende fællesskaber, forstået som de læringsrum, der bedst muligt tilgodeser den enkelte elevs særlige behov. I artiklen diskuteres hvilke nødvendige forandringer det fordrer i den pædagogiske pr...

  13. Den katolske kirke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olden-Jørgensen, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    En kort gennemgang af den katolske kirkes kirkerum, ritualer, selvforståelse og syn på andre kristne efterfulgt af 16 forskellige kildetekster til belysning og uddybning af emnerne. Bogen omfatter tilsvarende afsnit om de ortodokse kirker og om folkekirken. Den er beregnet til gymnasium og HF....

  14. Den lille levnedsmiddeltabel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saxholt, Erling; Fagt, Sisse; Matthiessen, Jeppe

    Den lille levnedsmiddeltabel er en oversigt over indholdet af næringsstoffer i næsten 600 af de mest anvendte fødevarer i den danske kost. Herudover rummer bogen anvisninger til anvendelsen af fødevaredata....

  15. Den moderate revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Bøje

    "normale" industrivirksomheder, men den er absolut set begrænset. Årsagerne til denne kun "moderate revolution" af organisationsformerne diskuteres: Er det fordi klassisk organisation og social nærkontakt er nødvendig i den nye økonomi, eller er det manglende fantasi og tryghedsbehov? Begge muligheder...

  16. Denver District Laboratory (DEN)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Program CapabilitiesDEN-DO Laboratory is a multi-functional laboratory capable of analyzing most chemical analytes and pathogenic/non-pathogenic microorganisms found...

  17. Den signede dag

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balslev-Clausen, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen gennemgår de tre middelalderlige versioner af den fællesnordiske dagvise fra 14. århundrede og gør rede for salmens tekst- og receptionshistorie i Dansk tradition.......Artiklen gennemgår de tre middelalderlige versioner af den fællesnordiske dagvise fra 14. århundrede og gør rede for salmens tekst- og receptionshistorie i Dansk tradition....

  18. Den antikke katapults udvikling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paasch, Kasper

    2011-01-01

    Hvordan bygger man en katapult? Dette spørgsmål belyses ved at se på den græske og romerske katapults udviklingshistorie samt på den forskningshistoriske tilgang til emnet, hovedsageligt set ud fra et ingeniørmæssig/matematisk synspunkt. Katapulten menes opfundet år 399 f.Kr. og blot ca. 120-150 ...

  19. Dens invaginatus: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhari, Shantanu; Joshi, Saurabh; Patil, Namrata; Kalyan, Sai

    2013-03-01

    Dens invaginatus, also known as dens in dente, is a rare anomaly affecting human dentition. The condition results in invagination of an amelodental structure within the pulp. This case report discusses the current management protocol of dens invaginatus as demonstrated in an adolescent female and describes treatment options. As with most conditions, early diagnosis and preventive measures help minimize complications in dens invaginatus cases.

  20. Den Russiske Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Den Russiske Revolution er en af de mest afgørende politiske og sociale begivenheder i det 20. århundredes historie. Den skabte de ideologiske og geopolitiske parametre, der dominerede verden frem til 1991 - og på mange måder stadig gør det. Fortolkningen af Den Russiske Revolution har været et...... afgørende stridspunkt i det 20. århundredes politiske og filosofiske diskussioner. I denne bog gives der plads til en række af revolutionens egne stemmer. Bogen indeholder en lang række primærtekster fra Den Russiske Revolution - fra den første revolution i 1905 og frem til nedkæmpelsen af Kronstadt......-oprøret i 1921, med fokus på revolutionsåret 1917. Sammen med revolutionens artikler, bøger, dekreter, taler, digte og slagord indeholder bogen en introduktion og en tidslinje, der giver læseren overblik over de historiske begivenheder og idémæssige strømninger, der udgjorde Den Russiske Revolution....

  1. Den teoretiske side

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsson, Mette

    2013-01-01

    Hvis man bruger dem dygtigt og raffineret, kan rim og rytme have en overbevisende virkning på publikum. Men der er fare for at det bliver påtaget, påklistret og for meget, og så risikerer man den modsatte effekt......Hvis man bruger dem dygtigt og raffineret, kan rim og rytme have en overbevisende virkning på publikum. Men der er fare for at det bliver påtaget, påklistret og for meget, og så risikerer man den modsatte effekt...

  2. Den udenlandske udtales finurligheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davidsen-Nielsen, Niels

    2017-01-01

    Eftertanken. Det er ikke altid nemt at tale om store, internationale kunstnere som Mozart eller Gabriel García Márquez. For hvordan skal den danske mund udtale z'et i Mozart og lægge trykket i García?......Eftertanken. Det er ikke altid nemt at tale om store, internationale kunstnere som Mozart eller Gabriel García Márquez. For hvordan skal den danske mund udtale z'et i Mozart og lægge trykket i García?...

  3. Efterskrift til den reviderede udgave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Carsten Fogh

    2017-01-01

    Opsummering af tendenser og udviklingstræk inden for den nyere forskning i Kants historiefilosofi.......Opsummering af tendenser og udviklingstræk inden for den nyere forskning i Kants historiefilosofi....

  4. Den unge Burkes Satire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørndorf, Steen

    Edmund Burke (1730-1797) er i nyere tid blevet politisk ikon, kendt som konservatismens fader. Berømmelsen skyldes hovedværket fra 1790, Reflections on the Revolution in France, som er et angreb på den franske revolution. Ungdomsarbejdet A Vindication of Natural Society er fra 1756 og har status ...

  5. Den interkonfessionelle dialog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Else Marie Wiberg

    2006-01-01

    På baggrund af en gennemgang af det 20. århundredes økumeniske hermeneutik, foreslås det i denne artikel, at den økumeniske dialog (et ord, som oversættes forskelligt af de forskellige konfessioner) erstattes af en økumenisk diskurs (jf. Michel de Certau og Lukas Vischer). Der plæderes således...

  6. Den danske regionskonstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klausen, Kurt Klaudi; Christoffersen, Henrik

    Region Midtjylland er i centrum for analysen men den omfatter også regionsdannelsen i almindelighed. Der anlægges i analysen på samme tid et politologisk, organisationsteoretisk og økonomisk resonnement. Regionsdannelsen finder sted på baggrund af de setup Strukturreformen har sat, men udfoldes p...

  7. Den borgerlige orden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Forskningsbaseret antologi om forholdet mellem den borgerlige orden og kultur. I bogen diskuterer 12 yngre konservative og liberale skribenter det kulturelle grundlag for en borgerlig orden baseret på frihed, tillid og velstand. Her er essays om religion, marked, sammenhængskraft, retssamfund...

  8. Den materielle drejning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skiveren, Tobias; Gregersen, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Ved at trække på en række forskellige tænkere som Jane Bennett, Arne Næss, Donna Haraway og Karan Barad relaterer artiklen den såkaldte materielle drejning til tre filosofisk-teoretiske nyorienteringer: økokritik, det posthumane og kropsmaterialisme. Tesen er, at interaktionenen mellem disse...

  9. Den offentlige driftsorganisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voxted, Søren

    2010-01-01

    styringsmodel med dens klare rollefordelinger til en mere fl eksibel struktur. Det er artiklens formål at opstille en model for, hvordan denne driftsorganisation ser ud strukturelt. Her udgør det artiklens tese, at der er skabt en driftsorganisation uden klare og markante positioner. Mest tydeligt kommer dette...

  10. Den menneskelige eksistens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    tilværelse. Dermed tilbyder den et bedre grundlag for at forstå fremtrædende kultursociologiske og socialpsykologiske problemer som identitetsusikkerhed, angst og raseri såvel som frigørende muligheder for engagement og kreativitet. Foruden originale tekster af Merleau-Ponty, Ricœur og Waldenfels rummer...

  11. Den sundhedsvidenskabelige opgave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindahl, Marianne Pia; Juhl, Carsten Bogh

    troværdigheden af sine resultater. Bogen er opdateret, så den refererer til Microsoft Office 2013, og giver instruktioner og tips til: • Hvordan man bruger Word til hjælp med indholdsfortegnelse, overskrifter og korrektur • Hvordan man bruger Word til hjælp med diagrammer og tabeller• Hvordan man bruger Excel...

  12. Den kinesiske krimi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    2011-01-01

    retssag på dansk. Betegnelserne krimi eller det engelske crime fiction bruges sjældent på en tilsvarende måde på kinesisk, selvom udtrykket findes (zuian xiaoshuo). Traditionelt bruges i stedet gongan eller gongan wenxue, der hhv. betyder retssag og retssagslitteratur, hvor det tætteste den vestlige...

  13. Den postmoderne konstruktivismes inkongruenser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cristoffanini, Pablo Rolando

    2011-01-01

    europæiske intellektuelle og akademikere gjorde teorierne og ideerne om underudvikling og afhængighed, der stammede fra Latinamerika, til deres egne. Også i den sidste tid har latinamerikanske intellektuelle, som fx Nestor García Canclini, haft indflydelse i Europa og USA med sin teori om hybriditet og...

  14. Den moderne bevidstheds katedral

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostenfeld Pedersen, Simon

    2002-01-01

    Interview med idéhistorikeren Dorthe Jørgensen der under overskriften ”Den moderne bevidstheds katedral” blotlægger hendes mangeårige arbejde med Hegel, og hvor hun giver en række relevante bud på en aktualiserende Hegel-læsning centreret omkring felter som metafysik, historiefilosofi og æstetik....

  15. Den Danske Løsning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langsted, Lars Bo

    1999-01-01

    Artiklen rummer en (foreløbig) kommentar til den såkaldte Hafnia-dom, hvor Den Danske Bank og revisorerne blev fundet erstatningsansvarlige for et misvisende prospekt i forbindelse med en fondsbørsemission.......Artiklen rummer en (foreløbig) kommentar til den såkaldte Hafnia-dom, hvor Den Danske Bank og revisorerne blev fundet erstatningsansvarlige for et misvisende prospekt i forbindelse med en fondsbørsemission....

  16. Hvad karakteriserer den netbaserede vejledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldsen, Lars Peter

    2008-01-01

    Hensigten med artiklen er at bidrage til forståelsen af sider ved den netbaserede vejledning. Fremgangsmåden vil være: •Først at beskrive og diskutere, hvorledes jeg forstår det virtuelle læringsmiljø, herunder en afklaring af, hvad der karakteriserer den netbaserede vejledning. •Dernæst gennem e...

  17. Kollegaerne er den nye chef

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fugl, Marie

    2008-01-01

    Den tid, hvor chefen var den, der delte skideballer ud, er slut. Rollen som 'bad cop' er overtaget af kollegateamet, der med hård hånd sørger for, at den enkelte yder sin del. Udgivelsesdato: November...

  18. Den sociale stofmisbrugsbehandling. Del 4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Maren

    Dette er den fjerde delrapport i en rapportserie om den sociale stofmisbrugsbehandling i Danmark. Rapportserien bygger på en omfattende undersøgelse, der blev fortaget i perioden december 2007 til maj 2009. Denne delrapport stiller skarpt på kvalitetsudvikling og kvalitetsstandarder i den sociale...

  19. Dannelsen af den ansvarlige elev

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    Denne artikel handler om den del af lærergerningen, der har at gøre med udarbejdelse af elevplaner. Der tages udgangspunkt i en foucaultsk forståelse, hvor beskrivelsen af den enkelte elev udtrykker et særligt normativt ideal om, hvilke former for elevhed der er de ønskværdige i den danske...

  20. Prime Slaughter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Marchetti, Emanuela

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the difficulty of creating playful representation of domain-specific abstract concepts, this study discusses the design of Prime Slaughter, a computer game aimed at facilitating individual sense-making of abstract mathematical concepts. Specifically the game proposes a transposition...... of primality and factorization into playful interactions, addressed to primary and early secondary school children. Taking into account individual needs expressed by children regarding play, during a participatory design processes aimed at enhancing learning in museums, Prime Slaughter allows for multiple...

  1. dens festival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Frank Juul

    2012-01-01

    Som den italienske antropolog og folklorist Alessandro Falassi gør opmærksom på i antologien Time out of Time: Essays on the Festival, så er det sparsomt, hvad der er gjort af teoretiske forsøg på definere, hvad en festival er. Det står altså skidt til med et begreb om festivalen, og dette endog...... til trods for, at der er forsket i festivalen som fænomen siden det 19. århundrede – tilmed inden for en række forskellige faglige discipliner såsom religionsvidenskab, sociologi, antropologi, folklore m.fl. Endnu mere sparsomt må det vel så også stå til med bud på, hvad fødens festival er for en...

  2. Den fatale kollision?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Ole

    2013-01-01

    Alle grene af samfundet trækker i retning af øget vækst, som skaber arbejdspladser og bedre forbrugsmuligheder. Men det kolliderer med en økologisk nødvendighed, der siger, at der er grænser for vækst. Hvorfra skal omstillingen hente sin energi, så den er mere end en uforpligtende dagdrøm?...

  3. Den Magiske Kugle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Bent

    2007-01-01

    og ikke skader kroppens sunde celler. Metoden går ud på at indkapsle kræftmedicin i bittesmå fedtkugler, såkaldt "magiske kugler". I forestillingen følger vi de magiske kuglers fantastiske rejse: Lige fra deres spæde fødsel som en vision fremsat af den tyske nobelprisvinder dr. Paul Ehrlich i...

  4. Den gamle verdens magi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Jakob Povl

    I denne bog præsenterer forskningsbibliotekar cand.mag., ph.d. Jakob Povl Holck sjældne bøger og andre biblioteksmaterialer fra Herlufsholm-samlingen på Syddansk Universitetsbibliotek i Odense. Bogens form udgør en mosaik af værker i tekst og især billeder med speciel vægt på ’den videnskabelige ...

  5. Den Gode Historie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, T.E.

    Historie er] begejstret oplysningsarbejde. [...] [D]et spændende nye er konkordansen mellem rum og menneskesyn, som her kan opleves i en illustreret ordbog. Sætter man en plade med Bachs cembalo-suiter med deres fuga- og kanonsystem på undervejs, får man måske en yderligere eller inderligere dimension...... sandhed får lov at stå uimodsagt. I romanernes tætte væv synes alt at være til stede og trænge sig på samtidig. Skal man skrive dækkende om et så stort, vildtvoksende og vidt forgrenet værk, tage højde for de mange krydsforbindelser og belyse dem, kræver det en ganske særlig form: den encyklopædiske. Den...... tilbydes en litterær lystvandring ud over det sædvanlige. Anmelderne skrev:  Man kunne sige, at Den Gode Historie er litteraturanalysens svar på internettet i det kjærstadske cyberspace. Men modsat internettets anarki er der her en benhård og kyndig styring af linkenes sammenhæng, og samtidig har bogen...

  6. Prime Slaughter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Marchetti, Emanuela

    2011-01-01

    of primality and factorization into playful interactions, addressed to primary and early secondary school children. Taking into account individual needs expressed by children regarding play, during a participatory design processes aimed at enhancing learning in museums, Prime Slaughter allows for multiple...

  7. Den Danske Netordbog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergenholtz, Henning; Vrang, Vibeke; Almind, Richard

    Denne danske ordbog er primært tænkt som hjælpeværktøj i forbindelse med tvivl og usikkerhed, når man skriver en dansk tekst. Den Danske Netordbog er en yderst omfattende ordbog med mere end 110.000 forskellige opslagsord og en lang række oplysninger, herunder grammatik, betydning, synonym (ord med...... samme betydning), antonym (ord med modsat betydning), orddannelse (i hvilke andre ord det pågældende ord er en del af), kollokationer (ordforbindelser), idiomer (fast udtryk med en særlig betydning) og ordsprog og citater....

  8. Krisen i den Britiske Union

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2010-01-01

    at betale for skotsk, walisisk og nordirsk selvbestemmelse. De tre store britiske partier er først lige begyndt at forholde sig til den krise der er for den Britiske Union og hvad de har tænkt sig at gøre for at løse problemerne vil vi vende tilbage til her i Orientering i den kommende tid....

  9. Crowned dens syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Belfiore

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Microcrystalline deposition in peri-odontoid articular structures is mainly responsible for acute or chronic cervical pain and is known as “crowned dens syndrome”.Materials and methods We described two cases of acute cervical pain associated with onset of fever and peripheral acute monoarthritis. Cervical computed tomography (CT scan showed linear calcification of the retrodens ligament and calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate (CPPD crystals were found in synovial fluid of inflamed joints. Both patients were treated with anti-inflammatory drugs and colchicine.Discussion Calcium depositions around the odontoid process of the axis can be occasionally detected by radiological studies. They are frequently asymptomatic but sometimes can be associated with severe neurological abnormalities, fever and acute neck pain. CPPD crystals are usually deposited in joints and bursae but occasionally can disrupt these anatomical confines and deposit in periarticular tissues, sometimes forming large masses confused with tumours.Conclusions Acute onset of cervical neck pain associated with elevation of inflammatory indicators and/or signs of cervical myelopathy should suggest CT scans searching for microcrystal depositions in the peryodonthoid tissue. Differential diagnosis of fever of unknown origin (FUO should include crowned dens syndrome specially in the elderly after exclusion of several endocrine or metabolic disorders, infection diseases (meningitis, arthritis (psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis and tumours (chordoma, meningioma, osteoblastoma.

  10. Sygehusene i den islamiske verden i den klassiske tid

    OpenAIRE

    Provencal, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    Et af de væsentlige punkter, hvor den arabiske medicin udmærker sig i forhold til tidligere tiders medicin var i oprettelsen og organiseringen af regelrette sygehuse. Artiklen beskriver sygehusenes oprindelse, plads og funktion i den klassiske arabiske kultur (750-1500)

  11. Den danske taxonliste for karplanter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wind, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Karplanternes navngivning og slægtskabsforhold har løbende ændret sig siden Linné (1707-1778) lagde grunden til den nomenklatur og systematik, som nutidens taksonomi bygger på. Han var samtidig fader til den toledede navngivning, dvs. at enhver levende organisme fik et ’latinsk’ slægts- og artsna...

  12. Velkommen til den posthumane tilstand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wamberg, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    Hvorfor er moderne kunst så insisterende mærkværdig? Fordi den udforsker en posthuman tilstand, som bliver stadig mere påtrængende.......Hvorfor er moderne kunst så insisterende mærkværdig? Fordi den udforsker en posthuman tilstand, som bliver stadig mere påtrængende....

  13. Hyldest til den destruktive feminist

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Brian Benjamin

    2017-01-01

    Den destruktive feminist er kommet for at uddele røvfulde og slikkepinde – og hun er netop løbet tør for slikkepinde.......Den destruktive feminist er kommet for at uddele røvfulde og slikkepinde – og hun er netop løbet tør for slikkepinde....

  14. Litteratur i den argumentative ret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Stine

    2007-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i den litterære rett, slik som denne er udviklet af den amerikanske retsfilosof Martha Nussbaum, argumentere de for, at litteraturen er velegnet som en metode til at opnå menneskelig forståelse. Som led i denne problemstillingen behandles følelsenes plads i retsvidenskaben. Endelig...

  15. Tidsrejse i den didaktiske Bermudatrekant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    Gudinden Athene var blandt de første, der praktiserede den: fagdidaktikken. Siden har den stolte disciplin overlevet mangen en elev og underviser. Tag med på en fagdidaktisk rejse, der kaster anker centrale steder i fagdidaktikkens historie fra Homer til folkeskolereform....

  16. Den naturlige tillid og tilknytning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bo, Inger Glavind

    2008-01-01

    Giddens og Johan Bowlbys forståelser af den fundamentale tillid eller sikker base kædes tilliden sammen med det spæde barns tilknytning til sine primære omsorgspersoner, da det er her fundamentet for senere tilknytningsadfærd og tillidsrelationer etableres som en integreret del af den naturlige...

  17. Stordriftsfordele i den danske banksektor?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Troels

    2008-01-01

    Dette er en empirisk undersøgelse af skalaegenskaber (economies of scale) i den danske banksektor baseret på cross-section data. Banksektorens omkostningsfunktion er estimeret vha. en translogomkostningsfunktion og OLS-regression. Ud fra den estimerede omkostningsfunktion er skalaegenskaberne...

  18. Tillid i den finansielle sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rimmer, Nina Røhr; Nielsen, Sara Møller; Benediktsdottir, Elisabet

    2014-01-01

    lønsomhed. Konklusionerne er opsamlet i 2 analysedele, den første med fire overskrifter: Tillid, Medie & politisk indflydelse, Forholdet mellem kunden og rådgiveren samt Kommunikation – og den anden i en SWOT model. Nogle af hovedkonklusionerne er, at kunderne ikke har mistet tillid til hverken deres...

  19. Den medicinal-industrielle logik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Børsen, Tom

    2008-01-01

    Et kig på medicinalindustrien og den logik der styrer udviklingen af nye lægemidler. Antagelsen er, at der også eksisterer et medicinalindustrielt kompleks, bestående af ledende industrifolk, læger, forskere og regeringsembedsmænd, der alle har kommercielle interesser i den herskende lægemiddeltæ...

  20. Dorte Nors "Den store tomat"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Jimmi

    2017-01-01

    Tekstgennemgang og undervisningsforløb til Dorte Nors "Den store tomat". Undervisningsforløbet er henvendt til elever i folkeskolens udskoling......Tekstgennemgang og undervisningsforløb til Dorte Nors "Den store tomat". Undervisningsforløbet er henvendt til elever i folkeskolens udskoling...

  1. Dens invaginatus (Type III B).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kallianpur, Shreenivas; Sudheendra, Us; Kasetty, Sowmya; Joshi, Prathamesh

    2012-05-01

    Dens invaginatus or 'dens in dente' is a developmental malformation of the tooth resulting from infolding of the dental papilla before calcification. This article presents a case of dens invaginatus occurring in maxillary right lateral incisor of a 45-year-old male patient. The patient presented with pain and clinically missing maxillary right canine. The tooth was found to be non-vital. Radiographic examination revealed the tooth-in-tooth appearance of lateral incisor with a dilated pulp chamber. The crown of impacted canine was found within the pulp chamber of lateral incisor. Owing to this unique clinical presentation, both the lateral incisor and the impacted canine were extracted. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of Dens invaginatus Type III B. A brief review on etiopathogenesis, radiographic features and treatment of dens invaginatus has also been included.

  2. Den narrative tilgang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bo, Inger Glavind

    2016-01-01

    I kapitlet gennemgås en socialkonstruktivistisk forståelse af narrativer. I kapitlet vil jeg gennemgå centrale teoretiske pointer, der samlet set er grundlæggende for en social konstruktivistisk forståelse af narrativer for herved at udfolde forståelsen af den narrative tilgang og desuden...... tydeliggøre, hvordan tilgangen er forbundet med en særlig forståelse af identitetsskabelse. Der er tale om pointer der almindeligvis forbindes med ”små fortællinger” i form af længere identitetsfortællinger og narrative interviews. Kapitlet gennemgår således centrale inspirationskilder og teoretiske pointer...

  3. Effects of barrier on creeping discharge characteristics in SF6 and N2 Gases under pulse voltages; SF6 oyobi N2 gas chu no pulse den`atsu ni yoru enmen hoden tokusei ni oyobosu barrier no koka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watabe, K.; Kamatani, H.; Kobayashi, N.; Onoda, M.; Nakayama, H. [Himeji Inst. of Tech., Hyogo (Japan)

    1997-10-20

    This paper describes the effect of barrier upon creeping discharge characteristics in SF6, N2 and their mixture. The barrier height effect on the discharge voltage was investigated under the positive pulse voltage. The discharge voltage increased as increasing the barrier height in SF6 gas. On the other hand, the discharge voltage hardly changed with the barrier height in N2 gas. In order to make clear the mechanism of the initial creeping corona, it was observed with the optical technique such as ultra-high speed electronic imaging system (IMACON 468). As the result, creeping corona path revealed the difference in images under various barrier height. And the charge accumulated on the barrier induced with the initial corona in SF6 gas could suppress the development of the later creeping corona in contrast with N2 gas. 19 refs., 7 figs.

  4. Den iscenesatte folkelighed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Garcia Canclini

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available Hvad er "det folkelige" og hvad er "folkekultur"? Néstor Garcia Canclini har i denne artikel sat sig for at dekonstruere begrebet "det folkelige" og beskrive den måde, forskellige grupper bruger og misbruger begrebet på. Han analyserer tre fremherskende idéer om folkelighed: folkloristernes romantiske idé om det oprindelige, der blev ødelagt af massekulturen, massemediernes popularitetsbegreb og endelig populisternes - både de højre- og venstreorienteredes - iscenesættelse af folkeligheden. Desuden ser han på to marxistiske skolers opfattelse af forholdet mellem de dominerende og undertrykte klasser og forskellige definitioner af folkelig- hed. Ligesom Anamaria Fadul argumenterer Canclini for nødvendigheden af en ny, tværdiciplinær forskning, som opfanger kompleksitet og flerty- digheder i forholdet mellem de undertrykte og dominerende og ser "det folkelige" som en tragisk komedie med modsætninger og flertydighed snarere end en evigt fremadskrivende episk fortælling. Artiklen er en forkortet udgave af kapitel 5 i Canclinis bog fra 1989: "Culturas Hibridas - Estrategias para entrat y salir de la modernidad. Mexico: Grijalbo.

  5. Den Blå Drage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingerslev, Gitte Holten

    Denne publikation i serien Læselyst tjener tre formål. Den evaluerer læseprojektet Den blå drage i efteråret 2004 på Byskolen i Svendborg ? et projekt ledet af forfatteren Josefine Ottesen. Desuden gøres der rede for nogle af de teorier der støtter og begrunder arbejdsmåde og resultater i projektet...

  6. Events i den globale bykonkurrence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Katrine

    2005-01-01

    Paper til ph.d. workshop, d. 9. december 2005. Dette paper beskriver, hvorfor og hvordan events kan bruges som strategi for byplanlægning og byudvikling i den globale bykonkurrence.......Paper til ph.d. workshop, d. 9. december 2005. Dette paper beskriver, hvorfor og hvordan events kan bruges som strategi for byplanlægning og byudvikling i den globale bykonkurrence....

  7. Den tidslogiske analyse af determinismeproblemet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer den filosofiske tidslogik med særligt henblik på A.N. Priors bidrag hertil. Det logiske determinismeproblem benyttes som gennemgående eksempel. Det vises endvidere, hvordan tidslogikken kan udnyttes til at analysere de logisk mulige positioner i en videnskabelig eller videnska...... videnskabsteoretisk debat. Her bruges den videnskabshistorisk betydende diskussion mellem Charles Darwin og Asa Gray som eksempel....

  8. Den litterære blog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serup, Martin Glaz; Kromann, Thomas Hvid

    2012-01-01

    Hvad er en litterær blog og hvordan arbejder den som en aktiv del af den litterære offentlighed.......Hvad er en litterær blog og hvordan arbejder den som en aktiv del af den litterære offentlighed....

  9. Double Dens Invaginatus: Report of Three Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Zengin, A. Zeynep; Sumer, A. Pinar; Celenk, Peruze

    2009-01-01

    Dens invaginatus results from an infolding of the outer surface of a tooth. The clinical importance of dens invaginatus results from the risk of pulpal disease. So, all clinicians should be aware of this anomaly. The presence of double dens invaginatus is extremely rare. This article presents three cases of double dens invaginatus in permanent maxillary lateral incisors, one with preventive restoration on its palatal surface. They were classified as double dens invaginatus because of two enam...

  10. Motor Priming in Neurorehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    Stoykov, Mary Ellen; Madhavan, Sangeetha

    2015-01-01

    Priming is a type of implicit learning wherein a stimulus prompts a change in behavior. Priming has been long studied in the field of psychology. More recently, rehabilitation researchers have studied motor priming as a possible way to facilitate motor learning. For example, priming of the motor cortex is associated with changes in neuroplasticity that are associated with improvements in motor performance. Of the numerous motor priming paradigms under investigation, only a few ...

  11. Von den Veranschaulichungsmethoden in den Rundfunkpredigten von der Heiligkreuz- Kirche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Witold Ostafiński

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In der gegenwärtigen Verkündigung des Wortes Gottes spielt die Veranschaulichung der Überlieferung eine nicht zu überschätzende Rolle. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird es sehr wichtig, dass man den Predigern nicht nur auf die Funktion des Bildes in der Verkündigung, sondern auch auf die Art und Weise seines Entstehens auf der narrativen Ebene aufmerksam macht. Während die Kenner der Homiletik die Notwendigkeit des Auftretens der Bildeigenschaften in den Predigten betonen, erinnern sie gleichzeitig daran, dass der moderne, von der „Bild-Zivilisation“ gestaltete Mensch, „immer mehr sehen als hören“ möchte. Der vorliegende, die Rundfunkpredigten von der Heiligkreuz-Kirche analysierende Aufsatz, nimmt auf und bringt zugleich nahe die Problematik der Notwendigkeit des Bildes in der Wort-Gottes-Verkündigung. Der Artikel stellt die Erzählungsform als eine wichtige Möglichkeit der Glaubensüberlieferung dar, behandelt das Problem der Aktualisierung evangelischen Werte, bringt das von den Predigten gestaltete synästhetische Weltbild nahe und analysiert die Rolle des Zitats und Beispiels (exemplum bei der Gestaltung der Bildhaftigkeit einer Predigt. Darüber hinaus überprüft der Aufsatz in seinem letzten Teil die in den gegenwärtigen Rundfunkpredigten meist verwendeten Redefiguren

  12. Publikum svinger den retoriske taktstok

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jette Barnholdt

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen handler om revyvisen "Man binder os på mund og hånd" af Poul Henningensen med musik af Kai Normann Andersen, som oprindeligt var en del af den kulturradikale revykomedie Dyveke fra 1940, der bla. advokerede for seksuel frigørelse. Visen levede dog hurtigt sit eget liv uden for revyteatret...

  13. Multikultureller Wohnungsbau in den Niederlanden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meier, S.

    2012-01-01

    In den Niederlanden sind Immigranten längst eine Zielgruppe auf dem Wohnungsmarkt. Architekten und Wohnungsbaugesellschaften haben, so scheint es, zunehmend weniger Berührungsängste gegenüber nicht-westlichen Bautraditionen. Wohnanlagen wie „Le Medi" und „De Oriënt" könnten Modelle sein für die

  14. Multikultureller Wohnungsbau in den Niederlanden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    dr.ir. Sabine Meier

    2012-01-01

    In den Niederlanden sind Immigranten längst eine Zielgruppe auf dem Wohnungsmarkt. Architekten und Wohnungsbaugesellschaften haben, so scheint es, zunehmend weniger Berührungsängste gegenüber nicht-westlichen Bautraditionen. Wohnanlagen wie „Le Medi“ und „De Oriënt“ könnten Modelle sein für die

  15. Etikken i den maskerede by

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebst, Lasse Suonperä

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen problematiserer Zygmunt Baumans argument om, at æstetiseringen iden postmoderne by er uforenelig med en virksom etisk ansvarlighed for denfremmede i byen. Denne forståelse er kraftigt inspireret af Emmanuel Lévinas’fænomenologiske nærhedsetik, der forstår æstetik og etik som...... antagonistiskefænomener. Med afsæt i denne forståelse anser Bauman æstetiseringen af denAnden, som en maskering af det nøgne ansigt, der ifølge Lévinas er den etiskefordrings kilde. Hermed mødes den Anden ikke som et unikt menneske, mensnarere som et overfladisk objekt, der nydes uden etisk ansvar. Artiklen pegerpå......, at Knud E. Løgstrups fænomenologiske nærhedsetik – som Bauman fejlagtigtjævnfører med Levinas’ – tilbyder en interessant alternativ forståelse af forholdetimellem æstetik og etik: Ifølge Løgstrup har æstetikken nemlig forrang foretikken. Artiklens afgørende argument bliver i lyset heraf, at den etiske...

  16. Amerikansk sikkerhedspolitik efter den kolde krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pall Skött, Jakob; Nielsen Kjær, Anna

    2005-01-01

    Via en Foucaldiansk analyseramme vil artiklen demonstrere et skift i den amerikanske sikkerhedsdiskurs. Derefter vil den fremhæve de nye kontrollerend emagtlogikkers paradoksale konsekvenser for den krig mod terror, der udkæmpes i frihedens og demokratiets navn. Udgivelsesdato: Marts...

  17. Den sociale stofmisbrugsbehandling. Del 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heltberg, Therese

    Denne rapport er den første delrapport i en undersøgelse af den sociale stofmisbrugsbehandling i Danmark, som SFI har gennemført for Servicestyrelsen i perioden december 2007 til maj 2009. Undersøgelsen omhandler den sociale stofmisbrugsbehandling efter § 101 i Serviceloven, mens undersøgelsen i ...

  18. Mechanical properties of fatty acid monolayers on the water surface based on surface pressure relaxation and area creep measurements. Hyomen prime atsu kanwa oyobi menseki creep sokutei ni motozuku suimenjo tanbunshimaku no rikigakuteki seishitsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanizaki, T.; Takahara, A.; Kajiyama, T. (Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1991-12-20

    The molecule flocculant state and the mechanical properties of myristic acid, stearic acid and behenic acid monolayers on the water surface were studied by surface pressure relaxation and area creep measurements. The initial surface pressures, possessing monolayer structure with little stability of surface pressure relaxation for myristic acid, stearic acid and behenic acid have been 17, 26 and 25mN{center dot}m{sup {minus}1} respectively. These values, are almost equal to the surface pressure with small area creep. Again, for making LB film with less structural defects and large, two criteria, the first is building up of monolayer due to surface pressure with smaller surface pressure and area creep and the second is the ending of building up destruction under high surface pressure, have been proposed. As a result an effective LB film preparation method, with less structural defects in which the surface pressure relaxation has been caused by monolayer build up resulting the formation of single crystal domain due to sintering, has been suggested. 21 refs., 10 figs.

  19. Double dens invaginatus: report of three cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zengin, A Zeynep; Sumer, A Pinar; Celenk, Peruze

    2009-01-01

    Dens invaginatus results from an infolding of the outer surface of a tooth. The clinical importance of dens invaginatus results from the risk of pulpal disease. So, all clinicians should be aware of this anomaly. The presence of double dens invaginatus is extremely rare. This article presents three cases of double dens invaginatus in permanent maxillary lateral incisors, one with preventive restoration on its palatal surface. They were classified as double dens invaginatus because of two enamel lined invaginations presented in the crowns of these teeth.

  20. Den kulturelle dimension af virksomhedens internationalisering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langhoff, Tine

    1994-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler den kulturelle dimensions indvirkning på virksomhedens internationalisering og diskuterer mulige internationalisieringsstrategier for virksomheder, der konfronteres med kulturforskelle. Med udgangspunkt i en kritik af den hidtidige forskning på området, hvor det såkaldte psykiske...... distancebegreb har haft en central placering, foreslås det, at man som alternativ til dette begreb skal fokusere på virksomhedens markedsbaserede innovationsevne. Denne betegnes som dens interkultu kompetence og vedrører dens evne til at identificere og udnytte muligheder i fremmede kulturelle sammenhænge. Det...... er herved, at den kulturelle dimension påvirker virksomheden og dens fortsatte udvikling. En empirisk analyse i den danske fødevarebranche afdækker virksomheders interkulturelle kompetence ved hjælp af to spørgsmål: (1) Hvorledes formår virksomheder med begrænsede ressourcer til deres disposition...

  1. Kritik av den negativa uppbyggligheten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stjernfelt, Frederik; Thomsen, Søren Ulrik

    Under efterkrigstiden har ett märkligt fenomen fått fäste i kulturen. Ett konstverk, en handling, en utsaga bedöms inte längre efter om de är sköna, goda och sanna, utan efter om de bryter mot regler, gör uppror mot det konventionella eller angriper etablerade tänkesätt. Överskridandet av normer...... och provokationen mot inrotade uppfattningar framställs som viktigare än de positiva resultaten, avståndstagandet viktigare än ställningstagandet. Från att ha varit idéer hos ett fåtal filosofer, konstnärer och bohemer har denna negativism efterhand blivit en ideologi för den breda massan. Den...

  2. Campaign finance in den USA

    OpenAIRE

    Filzmaier, Peter; Plasser, Fritz

    2002-01-01

    'Die USA stellen einen exemplarischen Fall für exponentiell steigende Wahlkampfausgaben, fragwürdige Finanzierungspraktiken und ein de facto kollabiertes Regelungssystem dar. Anhand der aktuellen Diskussion um die Wahlkampffinanzierung werden drei Problemperspektiven angesprochen: Erstens geht es um die Erforschung der Ursachen des steigenden Kapitalbedarfs kompetitiver Wahlkämpfe in den USA als Musterbeispiel einer Teledemokratie. Aus demokratietheoretischer Sicht zu diskutieren sind zweiten...

  3. Konsulenten i den anden nat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Line

    for i sit deres liv og den eksistensmåde, der hermed muliggøres. Med dette ønsker jeg at bidrage til de eksisterende work-life balance teorier. Min vej ind i teorierne er nemlig, at logikken i mit empiriske materiale forekommer så forskelligt fra de traditionelle work-life balance teorier, at disse ikke...... lader sig forene. Jeg foretage derfor en analyse af den eksisterende litteratur, og rejser i den forbindelse en grundlæggende kritik af work-life balance teorierne, for at operere med falske problemstillinger på en måde, så svaret allerede indgår i de spørgsmål, der stilles. Jeg argumenterer således for......, at det problematiske forhold ved work-life balance teorierne allerede skal søges i konstitueringen af deres problematik, hvor arbejde og fritid indgår som to distinkte og kontrasterende sfærer. Ubalance eller problemer søges således altid i relationen her imellem. I forlængelse heraf argumenterer jeg for...

  4. Den anden gæld

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Lise Rolandsen

    2003-01-01

    I-landene har akkumuleret en økologisk gæld til u-landene som langt overstiger udlandsgælden. Den skal kompensere for udnyttelsen af naturressourcerne og den miljømæssige forurening, der er fulgt i kølvandet på udvindingen og eksporten af råvarer fra Syd til Nord. Den økologiske gæld fokuserer gl...

  5. den som foruroligende beroligelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ejvind

    2005-01-01

    Det giver mening at tale om, at dødenden ene side er noget af det vi er allermest sikre på – fordi vi ved at vi skal dø. Vi er faktisk så sikre på det, at vi kan bygge et samfund og en kultur op omkring denne vished. Man kan altså sige, at der er noget beroligende ved døden. Men kulturernes f...

  6. Dens evaginatus and dens invaginatus in all maxillary incisors: report of a case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vardhan, Talla Harsha; Shanmugam, Subramanyam

    2010-02-01

    Dens evaginatus is a developmental malformation characterized by the presence of an extra cusp that takes the form of a tubercle arising from the occlusal or the lingual surface of the tooth. It is also referred to as talon cusp in the anterior teeth and Leong premolar in the premolars. Dens invaginatus is a deep surface invagination of the crown or the root lined by enamel, dentin, and pulp. Though many case reports of dens evaginatus and dens invaginatus have been found in the literature, an association of both is a rare anomaly. Only two cases of concomitance of dens invaginatus and dens evaginatus have been reported. This article is a case report of dens evaginatus and dens invaginatus involving all four maxillary incisors in a 25-year-old patient.

  7. Effective Prime Uniqueness

    OpenAIRE

    Cholak, Peter; McCoy, Charlie

    2014-01-01

    Assuming the obvious definitions (see paper) we show the a decidable model that is effectively prime is also effectively atomic. This implies that two effectively prime (decidable) models are computably isomorphic. This is in contrast to the theorem that there are two atomic decidable models which are not computably isomorphic. The implications of this work in reverse mathematics is that "effectively prime implies effectively atomic" holds in topped models. But due to an observation of David ...

  8. Forever Young - den norske tv-serie Skam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jerslev, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Hvorfor er det lige, at den norske netbaserede ungdomsserie "Skam" er på alles læber for tiden? Svaret er simpelt: Den er nyskabende og supergod, og den taler til en langt bredere målgruppe end den gruppe af teenagepiger, den er rettet mod....

  9. Die grossen Physiker und ihre Entdeckungen von den fallenden Körpern zu den Quarks

    CERN Document Server

    Segrè, Emilio

    1998-01-01

    Von Galileo Galilei bis zu Richard Feynman und Murray Gell-Mann - von den fallenden Körpern zu den Quarks: Der Physiknobelpreisträger Emilio Segre hat seine ganz persönliche Geschichte der Physik geschrieben. Er erzählt von den großen Gestalten und deren wichtigen Entdeckungen mit großer Anschaulichkeit und Lebendigkeit.

  10. Cornelis den Hartog: an outstanding aquatic ecologist

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velde, van der G.; Brock, T.C.M.; Kempers, A.J.

    1996-01-01

    A survey is given of the work and life of Cornelis den Hartog up to the date in 1996 on which he retired from his position as a professor at the University of Nijmegen. Cornelis (Kees) den Hartog made important contributions to aquatic ecology in the widest sense, e.G. On brackish water typology,

  11. Den filosofiske præstation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte Gørtz, Kim Erik

    Bogen gør op med forestillingen om, at filosoffen er uanvendelig i erhvervslivet. Den udfolder en erhvervsfilosofi og inddrager filosoffer som Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger og Deleuze......Bogen gør op med forestillingen om, at filosoffen er uanvendelig i erhvervslivet. Den udfolder en erhvervsfilosofi og inddrager filosoffer som Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger og Deleuze...

  12. Den barokke lov i Kafkas "Processen"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Karen-Margrethe

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer barokke aspekter af loven hos Kafka, idet den inddrager erkendelser fra den historiske barok, blandt andet dobbeltheden af labyrintisk ornamentik og vertikal magt, og inddrager diskussioner af hhv. Gilles Deleuzes, Jacques Derridas og Tzvetan Todorovs læsninger af Kafka....

  13. Jagten på den kloge globaliseringsstrategi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Camilla

    2004-01-01

    Den kloge globaliseringsstrategi har fået et navn: Livslang læring. Men er strategien klog, når den fører til et polariseret arbejdsmarked? Og hvem skal betale for at dygtiggøre folk gennem hele livet? Asterisk har talt med professor Andy Green fra University of London. Udgivelsesdato: December...

  14. Luftstaub über den Meeren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko; Kacunko, Sabine; Gorbushina, Ana

    2013-01-01

    Staub umgibt uns überall und alles wird auch irgendwann zu Staub - ob wir wollen oder nicht. Staub nicht nur zu bekämpfen, sondern zu untersuchen, bildet den Ausgangspunkt zahlreicher Forschungen in den Natur-, Ingenieur- und Kulturwissenschaften. Der vorliegende Band verbindet solche Beiträge au...

  15. Nyliberalisme, universiteter og den akademiske frihed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mogens Ove

    2012-01-01

    Akademisk frihed er uløseligt forbundet med det, der er selve universitetets væsen. New Public Management er dog sevet ind i den offentlige forvaltning og kapitlet giver et signalement af, hvilke konsekvenser dette har haft for universiteterne og den akademiske frihed...

  16. Den sociale vending = velfærdsskepsis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skiveren, Tobias

    2017-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Tue Andersen Nexø: "Vidnesbyrd fra velfærdsstaten. Den sociale vending i ny dansk litteratur". København 2016: Arena......Anmeldelse af Tue Andersen Nexø: "Vidnesbyrd fra velfærdsstaten. Den sociale vending i ny dansk litteratur". København 2016: Arena...

  17. Building Numbers from Primes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkhart, Jerry

    2009-01-01

    Prime numbers are often described as the "building blocks" of natural numbers. This article shows how the author and his students took this idea literally by using prime factorizations to build numbers with blocks. In this activity, students explore many concepts of number theory, including the relationship between greatest common factors and…

  18. Priming Ability Emotional Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schutte, Nicola S.; Malouff, John M.

    2012-01-01

    Two studies examined whether priming self-schemas relating to successful emotional competency results in better emotional intelligence performance. In the first study participants were randomly assigned to a successful emotional competency self-schema prime condition or a control condition and then completed an ability measure of emotional…

  19. Dens invaginatus (dilated odontome) in mandibular canine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halawar, Sangamesh S; Satyakiran, Gvv; Krishnanand, Ps; Prashanth, R

    2014-09-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation of teeth related to shape of the teeth. Affected teeth show a deep infolding of enamel and dentin starting from the tip of the cusps and may extend deep into the root. It results from the invagination of the enamel organ into the dental papilla before calcification has occurred. Teeth most affected are maxillary lateral incisors. The presence of dens invaginatus in mandibular canine is extremely rare. The tooth was symptomatic in that it was mobile and was oriented horizontally. This article presents a case of symptomatic dens invaginatus in mandibular canine.

  20. Large gaps between primes

    OpenAIRE

    Maynard, James

    2014-01-01

    We show that there exists pairs of consecutive primes less than $x$ whose difference is larger than $t(1+o(1))(\\log{x})(\\log\\log{x})(\\log\\log\\log\\log{x})(\\log\\log\\log{x})^{-2}$ for any fixed $t$. Our proof works by incorporating recent progress in sieve methods related to small gaps between primes into the Erdos-Rankin construction. This answers a well-known question of Erdos.

  1. Den melankolske europæer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejberg, Kasper Green

    2006-01-01

    Den europæiske identitet hører sammen med en selvbevidst melankoli. Det mener i hvert fald den tyske forfatter W.G. Sebald, hvis hovedværk Austerlitz advarer om, at vores fælles fortid løber os af hænde, hvis ikke vi insisterer på Europas enestående erindringsressourcer......Den europæiske identitet hører sammen med en selvbevidst melankoli. Det mener i hvert fald den tyske forfatter W.G. Sebald, hvis hovedværk Austerlitz advarer om, at vores fælles fortid løber os af hænde, hvis ikke vi insisterer på Europas enestående erindringsressourcer...

  2. Rare associations of dens invaginatus and mesiodens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sannomiya, Eduardo Kazuo; Asaumi, Jun-ichi; Kishi, Kanji; Dalben, Gisele da Silva

    2007-08-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental variation resulting from an alteration in the normal growth pattern of the dental papilla. Synonyms of this disturbance include dens in dente, invaginated odontome, tooth inclusion, and dentoid in dente. Radiographically, it is observed as infolding of a radiopaque ribbon-like structure, with equal density as enamel, extending from the cingulum into the root canal and sometimes reaching the root apex, assigning the appearance of a small tooth within the coronal pulp cavity. This article presents 2 case reports. The first describes an 8-year-old girl with dens invaginatus in a mesiodens; the second report describes a 16-year-old boy presenting with 2 mesiodens, both associated with dens invaginatus.

  3. van den Heuvel, Prof. Edward P J

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    van den Heuvel, Prof. Edward P J . Date of birth: 2 November 1940. Address: Professor of Astrophysics, Astronomical Inst. Anton Pannekoek, Postbus 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands Contact: Office: (+31-20) 525 ...

  4. Motivation af den Kreative Sælger

    OpenAIRE

    Sørensen, Mikkel Vallentin; Floor, Jeppe Hjelmsted

    2012-01-01

    Projektet tager udgangspunkt i motivationen af danske sælgere. Med inspiration fra den positive psykologiske videnskab, udfordres eksisterende motivationsredskaber, med henblik på at motivere den enkelte medarbejder til at yde et bedre stykke arbejde for virksomheden. Daniel Pink, Bruno Frey og Frederick Herzberg danner det teoretiske grundlag for opgaven, og problemstillingen undersøges gennem en sammenholdelse af deres teorier med empirisk materiale i en fænomenologisk tilgang. Rapporten af...

  5. Læring og den kulturhistoriske skole

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broström, Stig

    2007-01-01

    -forskere uddrager den grundlæggende forståelse af forholdet mellem læring og udvikling. Nemlig at læring og udvikling indgår i en dialektisk enhed og virker gensidigt ind på hinanden - dog således at læring kommer ført, den trækker udviklingen med sig og så at sige leder udviklingen. Vygotskys tese vedrørende...

  6. Den ma(d)skuline smag

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leer, Jonatan

    2014-01-01

    madtv-scenen, var der primært to forskellige mandlige figurer på dette felt. Enten var man(d) en frankofil levemand, som var godt oppe i årene, eller også var man en professionel kok i uniform. Den første gruppe har den danske historiker Caroline Nyvang betegnet for ’gourmænd’. De betoner det...

  7. Multisensory Flavor Priming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dijksterhuis, Garmt Bernard

    2016-01-01

    with a taxonomy of different priming situations. In food-related applications of flavor, both bottom-up (sensory) as well as top-down (expectations) processes are at play. Most of the complex interactions that this leads to take place outside the awareness of the perceiving subject. A model is presented where...... many, past and current, aspects (sensory, surroundings, social, somatic, sentimental) of a (flavor) perception, together result in the perception of a flavor, its liking. or its choice. This model borrows on ideas from priming, situated/embodied cognition, and (food-related) perception.......Flavor is multisensory; several interacting sensory systems-taste, smell, and mouthfeel-together comprise "flavor," making it a cognitively constructed percept rather than a bottom-up sensory one. In this chapter, some of the complications this entails for flavor priming are introduced, along...

  8. Reexamining unconscious response priming: A liminal-prime paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avneon, Maayan; Lamy, Dominique

    2018-03-01

    Research on the limits of unconscious processing typically relies on the subliminal-prime paradigm. However, this paradigm is limited in the issues it can address. Here, we examined the implications of using the liminal-prime paradigm, which allows comparing unconscious and conscious priming with constant stimulation. We adapted an iconic demonstration of unconscious response priming to the liminal-prime paradigm. On the one hand, temporal attention allocated to the prime and its relevance to the task increased the magnitude of response priming. On the other hand, the longer RTs associated with the dual task inherent to the paradigm resulted in response priming being underestimated, because unconscious priming effects were shorter-lived than conscious-priming effects. Nevertheless, when the impact of long RTs was alleviated by considering the fastest trials or by imposing a response deadline, conscious response priming remained considerably larger than unconscious response priming. These findings suggest that conscious perception strongly modulates response priming. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Studie af den amerikanske doktrin for Counterinsurgency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Nicolai Stahlfest

    2006-01-01

    Specialet omhandler den amerikanske doktrin for Counter-insurgency under den givne overordnede problemstilling asymmetri. Erfaringerne fra Irak og Afghanistan har forårsaget den nyskrivning af doktrinen, som behandles efterfølgende. Doktrinen er potentielt interessant for Danmark, grundet valget af...... strategisk partner, og den mulige indsættelse i missioner, hvor kontakt med, og måske bekæmpelse af, fjendtlige oprørsbevægelser vil forekomme. Maos teori og den nyere radikale islams teori ses som værende repræsentative for oprørsbevægelser ift. både amerikanske erfaringer og det forventede danske...... synes også at være udtalt i imødegåelsen af radikal islam, hvilket er en stor udfordring for både militære og civile myndigheder og organisationer. For at fungere som COIN enhed kræver det veluddannede enheder, da de udover de basale soldateropgaver også skal kunne støtte ifm. CIMIC opgaver, løsning af...

  10. Polar bear maternity denning in the Beaufort Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amstrup, Steven C.; Gardner, Craig L.

    1994-01-01

    The distribution of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) is circumpolar in the NOrthern Hemisphere, but known locations of maternal dens are concentrated in relatively few, widely scattered locations. Denning is either uncommon or unknown within gaps. To understand effects of industrial development and propose increases in hunting, the temporal and spatial distribution of denning in the Beaufort Sea must be known. We caputred and radiocollared polar bears between 1981 and 1991 and determined tht denning in the Beaufort Sea region was sufficient to account for the estimated population there. Of 90 dend, 48 were on drifting pack ice, 38 on land, and 4 on land-fast ice. The portions of dens on land was higher (P= 0.029) in later compared with earlier years of the study. Bears denning on pack ice drifting as far as 997 km (x=385km) while in dens. there was no difference in cun production by bears denning on land and pack ice (P =0.66). Mean entry and exit dates were 11 November and 5 April for land dens and 22 November and 26 March for pack-ice dens. Female polar bears captured in the Beaufort Sea appeared to be isolated from those caught eat of Cape Bathurst in Canada. Of 35 polar bears that denned along the mainland coast of Alaska and Canada 80% denned between 137 00'W snf 146 59'W. Bears followed to >1 den did not reuse sites and consecutive dens were 20-1,304 km apart. However radio-collared bears are largely faithful to substrate (pack-ice, land, and land-fast ice) and the general geographic area of previous dens. Bears denning on land may be vunerable to human activities such as hunting and industrial development. However, predictable denning chronology and alck of site fidelity indicate that many potential impacts on denning polar bears could be mitigated.

  11. Leadership pipeline i den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Kristian Aagaard; Molly-Søholm, Thorkil

    en rejse ind i hjertet af offentlig ledelse med fokus på lederniveauerne: topchef, funktionel chef, leder af ledere og leder af medarbejdere. Med afsæt i righoldige eksempler og fortællinger fra virkeligheden introduceres læseren for ledelsesteorien den Offentlige Leadership Pipeline, som giver...... enkelte lederniveauer og udvikle ledertalenter. Teorien byder på et detaljeret ledelsesgrundlag, hvorudfra den offentlige organisation kan bygge en professionel værdikæde for ledelse ved at forme lederprofiler, -rekruttering, -uddannelse, -evaluering m.m. Leadership Pipeline i den offentlige sektor er...... baseret på et treårigt dansk praksisorienteret forskningsprojekt med deltagelse af 15 offentlige organisationer, som repræsenterer kommunerne, regionerne og staten. Projektet har videreudviklet en af de sidste 10 års mest indflydelsesrige ledelseteorier i de største private organisationer, Leadership...

  12. Dens invaginatus: diagnosis and management strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallacher, A; Ali, R; Bhakta, S

    2016-10-07

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation, in which there is an infolding of enamel into dentine. These infolds represent stagnation sites for bacteria and can predispose to dental caries. The carious infection can spread via enamel and dentine to contaminate the pulp and cause soft tissue necrosis. The altered and sometimes complex anatomy of affected teeth can make endodontic management challenging. Early diagnosis is therefore essential as prophylactic treatment of the dens can prevent degeneration and pulpal necrosis. The aim of this article is to review the aetiology, classification, diagnosis and management of teeth affected with dens invaginatus. Emphasis will be placed on describing the clinical features of this anomaly. Treatment options, management strategies and the challenges faced in managing this condition will be discussed.

  13. PrimeFaces blueprints

    CERN Document Server

    Jonna, Sudheer

    2014-01-01

    If you are a Java developer with experience of frontend UI development, and want to take the plunge to develop stunning UI applications with the most popular JSF framework, PrimeFaces, then this book is for you. For those with entrepreneurial aspirations, this book will provide valuable insights into how to utilize successful business models.

  14. Dens invaginatus”: A Series of case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S R Ashwinirani

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly resulting from an invagination in the surface of a tooth crown before its calcification. It involves more commonly maxillary anterior teeth. Dens invaginatus with supernumerary teeth and double dens invagintus were also reported. The management of dens invaginatus includes simple prophylactic restoration to conventional endodontic treatment or extraction, depending on the type of invagination, function, esthetics, and morphology of the root canal. Extraction is indicated as a last choice of treatment in cases of failure of root canal treatment and in supernumerary teeth associated with dens invaginatus. In this paper, we have reported a series of cases of dens invagintus.

  15. Den danske kulturmodel og det nye Europa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund, Peter

    1993-01-01

    Hvad er det specielt danske? Er der udsigt til, at dette specialt danske gradvist vil blive afsløst i en europæisk enhedskultur? Eller giver den økonomiske integration mulighed for større lokale og regionale kulturelle forskelle?......Hvad er det specielt danske? Er der udsigt til, at dette specialt danske gradvist vil blive afsløst i en europæisk enhedskultur? Eller giver den økonomiske integration mulighed for større lokale og regionale kulturelle forskelle?...

  16. Portræt: Den koreanske dansker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Carsten

    2009-01-01

    Lene Myong Petersen har som den første i Danmark skrevet ph.d.-afhandling om adoption. Og ifølge Lene Myong Petersen er det belastede begreb om race ikke til at slippe uden om, hvis man vil forstå vilkårene for adopterede i Danmark.......Lene Myong Petersen har som den første i Danmark skrevet ph.d.-afhandling om adoption. Og ifølge Lene Myong Petersen er det belastede begreb om race ikke til at slippe uden om, hvis man vil forstå vilkårene for adopterede i Danmark....

  17. Tagungsbericht: Den Alltag unter die Lupe genommen

    OpenAIRE

    Allolio-Näcke, Lars

    2003-01-01

    Die Tagung "Alltag im Aufbruch. Ein psychologisches Profil der Gegenwartskultur" beschäftigte sich mit dem Phänomen des gelebten Alltags in unserer und in anderen Kulturen. Im Unterschied zur Mainstream-Psychologie lag der Fokus der Tagung auf den kulturellen Konstruktionen von Sinn und Bedeutung als intentionalen Prozessen und wandte sich entschieden gegen jede Form der "Naturalisierung des Mentalen". Dem Alltäglichen näherten sich Beiträge aus den Themenbereichen Zeitkultur, Gefährdete Kult...

  18. Dragons' Den: promoting healthcare research and innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazhindu, Deborah; Gregory, Siobhan

    2015-07-01

    The changing health and social care landscape, and, in particular, the financial challenges affecting the NHS, can present difficulties for staff looking for funding to support innovation and new ways of working. One method of competitive tendering that is becoming more accepted as a way of allocating funds, encouraging staff engagement and developing innovation for research is a format based the BBC television series, Dragons' Den. This article describes how Hounslow and Richmond Community Healthcare NHS Trust, London, has developed a 'Dragons' Den initiative' of annual competitive research funding allocation to ensure that some of the most dynamic practice in the trust is captured.

  19. Den empiriske uddannelsesvidenskab og kvalitet i studieaktivitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keiding, Tina Bering; Qvortrup, Ane

    2015-01-01

    Bidraget kobler studieaktivitetesmodellen med kvalitetsindikatorer for god undervisning, og viler blandt andet, hvorledes modellen kan støtte samtænkning af forskellige undervisnings- og læringsformater med henblik på øge den aktive læretid......Bidraget kobler studieaktivitetesmodellen med kvalitetsindikatorer for god undervisning, og viler blandt andet, hvorledes modellen kan støtte samtænkning af forskellige undervisnings- og læringsformater med henblik på øge den aktive læretid...

  20. A rare presentation of multiple dens invaginatus in maxillary dentition

    OpenAIRE

    Purani, Jigar M; Purani, Hiral J

    2014-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental disturbance of the tooth and usually occurs in the maxillary lateral incisor of permanent dentition. In this article, a rare case of dens invaginatus affecting multiple permanent maxillary teeth is described.

  1. Ledelse og motivation i den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Frederik

    Rapporten er et litteraturstudium, der belyser rammer for ledelse og arbejdstilrettelæggelse i den offentlige sektor. Rapporten afdækker, hvad der motiverer ledere og medarbejdere, og ledernes muligheder for gennem dialog med medarbejderne at udvikle en arbejdsplads, der er kendetegnet ved arbejd...

  2. Den udødelige gangster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Thomas Ærvold

    2009-01-01

    Hollywood har igennem et århundrede hyldet de voldspsykopater, som de fleste gangstere nu engang er. Michael Manns Public Enemies er seneste skud på stammen i den lange række af amerikanske gangsterfilm, der tog sin begyndelse i starten af 1930'erne, og som meget hurtig blev til en mytisk...

  3. Tre teorier om den moralske udvikling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bo, Inger Glavind; Andreasen, Brian Kjær

    I artiklen gennemgås tre forskellige men teorihistorisk relaterede perspektiver på forståelsen af moralsk udvikling: Piaget, Kohlberg og Gilligan. I den efterfølgende diskussion af disse teoretikeres respektive positioner påpeges såvel forskelle som ligheder i deres betoning af moralens karakter...

  4. Joop van den Bremen, Streektaalmuziek in Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J.C. van der Hoeven (Arno)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractIn 1996, folk music fan Joop van den Bremen started his website Streektaalmuziek in Nederland (“Regional language music in the Netherlands”).1 On this website he collects information on Dutch musicians singing in dialect.2 As of September 2014, his still expanding database contains 6,164

  5. Inputorienteret oparbejdelse af den grammatikalske kompetence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ambjørn, Lone

    2001-01-01

    De forskellige teoretiske opfattelser, der ligger til grund for hhv. den output- og inputorienterede metode, beskrives. Der opstilles et eksempel på en grammatisk øvelsestypologi baseret på principperne i en input-orienteret læringsmodel....

  6. Hvordan beskriver man den fragmenterede by

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Nils-Ole

    1996-01-01

    En af otte kommentarer under titlen: "Kommentarer til 'Den oversete by' - det sansende" til udstilling i Charlottenborg, som indledte Kulturbyåret. Såvel udstillingsforfatterne som fotos fra udstillingen søger at modgå en række stærkt kritiske indlæg mod denne form for arkitekturformidling....

  7. Demokratiseringen af den politiske diskurs i Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnfast, Juni Søderberg

    1999-01-01

    Gennem en analyse af brugen af personlige pronominer i politiske tekster fra udvalgte, polske medier diskuteres forandringerne i den polske, politiske diskurs gennem 1980'erne. Det påvises at det kommunistiske styres anvendelse af pronominet 'vi' skifter konnotationer i retning af en mindre ideol...

  8. Den skrøbelige sandhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Peter Ole

    2010-01-01

    dokumentationer. Denne udvikling kan også spores til den aktivistiske dokumentar, hvor filmene på samme tid fungerer som politiske argumenter og kritiske collager af mediernes overvældende informationsstrøm. Hensigten er, at fremvise hvordan denne type produktioner indgår i en subjektivistisk orienteret diskurs...

  9. Den drikfældige engel?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Sidsel

    1991-01-01

    Artiklen opfatter kvinders særlige drikkemønstre som et udslag af kultur og ikke (blot) som en konsekvens af kvindens særlige biologi. Udgangspunktet er, at drikkeri ikke passer sammen med den traditionelle kvinderolle. Endnu værre er det dog, hvis kvinder drak i offentligheden. Det er formentlig...

  10. Nyliberalisme, universiteter og den akademiske frihed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mogens Ove

    2011-01-01

    Den akademiske frihed er forbundet med absolut frihed til at frembringe og videreformidle viden. Denne ide med universitetet er blevet udfordret ganske kraftigt i de senere år, ikke kun i Danmark. Stærke rådgivningsinstitutioner som OECD og EU har i en del år anbefalet, at universiteternes opgave...

  11. van den Heuvel, Prof. Edward P J

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Email: e.p.j.vandenheuvel@uva.nl, ed.van.den.heuvel@gmail.com. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the Three Science Academies of India on the teaching of the theory of evolution more... ACADEMY PUBLIC LECTURE:

  12. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper Bull; Andersen, Kim Normann

    , som enten via spørgeskema, e-mail eller telefon har givet os et enestående indblik i deres håndtering af den digitale kommunikation. Publikationen er et såkaldt workingpaper, hvor vi mere end gerne modtager forslag og kommentarer til forbedringer. Der er i publikationen en række aktive links til...

  13. Hjernerum - Den følelsesfulde hjerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kringelbach, Morten L.

    Learning Lab Denmark/Peoples Press, Copenhagen. 2004 Kort beskrivelse: 'Hjernerum' er en fortælling fra hjerneforskningens frontlinie om de nyeste indsigter i den følelsesfulde hjerne. Med udgangspunkt i egen forskning og historisk indsigt i alt fra videnskabs- til litteratur- og kunsthistorie, t...

  14. Flaskevand - den rene vare i brandingens tidsalder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermansen, Judy

    2008-01-01

    At tappe vand på flasker er blevet den mest udbredte globale virksomhed overhovedet, og forbruget af flaskevand stiger fortsat hurtigt - især i lande hvor man kan få rent drikkevand direkte fra hanen gratis eller til en meget billig penge. Hvorfor er vi havnet i sådan et tilsyneladende paradoksal...

  15. Dens evaginatus and dens invaginatus in a double tooth: A rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Gaurav; Mutneja, Anudeep R; Nagpal, Archna; Mutneja, Puneet

    2015-01-01

    The presence of dens invaginatus (DI) and dens evaginatus (DE) on same tooth is a rare phenomenon. However, when these dental anomalies occur on a double tooth, it becomes an extremely rare phenomenon. The authors report a rare case of DI and DE on fused permanent maxillary central incisor with supernumerary tooth in a 40-year-old male. The present article also focuses on the differentiating fusion from gemination and also reviews preventive and management strategies for tooth with complex dental anatomy.

  16. Human disturbances of denning polar bears in Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amstrup, S.C. (Alaska Fish and Wildlife Research Center, Anchorage, AK (United States))

    1993-09-01

    Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) give birth in dens of snow and ice. The altricial neonates cannot leave the den for >2 months post-partum and are potentially vulnerable to disturbances near dens. The coastal plain (1002) area of Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) lies in a region of known polar bear denning and also may contain >9 billion barrels of recoverable oil. Polar bears in dens could be affected in many ways by hydrocarbon development. The distribution of dens on ANWR was documented between 1981 and 1992 and responses of bears in dens to various anthropogenic disturbances were observed. Of 44 dens located by radiotelemetry on the mainland coast of Alaska and Canada, 20 (45%) were on ANWR and 15 (34%) were within the 1002 area. Thus, development of ANWR will increase the potential that denning polar bears are disturbed by human activities. However, perturbations resulting from capture, marking, and radiotracking maternal bears did not affect litter sizes or stature of cubs produced. Likewise, 10 of 12 denned polar bears tolerated exposure to exceptional levels of activity. This tolerance and the fact that investment in the denning effort increases through the winter indicated that spatial and temporal restrictions on developments could prevent the potential for many disruptions of denned bears from being realized. 16 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  17. Human disturbances of denning polar bears in Alaska

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amstrup, S.C.

    1993-01-01

    Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) give birth in dens of snow and ice. The altricial neonates cannot leave the den for >2 months post-partum and are potentially vulnerable to disturbances near dens. The coastal plain (1002) area of Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) lies in a region of known polar bear denning and also may contain >9 billion barrels of recoverable oil. Polar bears in dens could be affected in many ways by hydrocarbon development. The distribution of dens on ANWR was documented between 1981 and 1992 and responses of bears in dens to various anthropogenic disturbances were observed. Of 44 dens located by radiotelemetry on the mainland coast of Alaska and Canada, 20 (45%) were on ANWR and 15 (34%) were within the 1002 area. Thus, development of ANWR will increase the potential that denning polar bears are disturbed by human activities. However, perturbations resulting from capture, marking, and radiotracking maternal bears did not affect litter sizes or stature of cubs produced. Likewise, 10 of 12 denned polar bears tolerated exposure to exceptional levels of activity. This tolerance and the fact that investment in the denning effort increases through the winter indicated that spatial and temporal restrictions on developments could prevent the potential for many disruptions of denned bears from being realized. 16 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs

  18. Premolarized double dens in dente in albinism - A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suprabha B

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Dens in dente are known to be associated with many dental abnormalities such as taurodontism microdontia, gemination, and dens evaginatus. This paper describes a rare case of double dens in dente in a lateral incisor with crown morphology similar to a premolar present in a patient with features of albinism. Problems associated with this condition and their management is discussed.

  19. The 'prime-ome': towards a holistic approach to priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balmer, Andrea; Pastor, Victoria; Gamir, Jordi; Flors, Victor; Mauch-Mani, Brigitte

    2015-07-01

    Plants can be primed to respond faster and more strongly to stress and multiple pathways, specific for the encountered challenge, are involved in priming. This adaptability of priming makes it difficult to pinpoint an exact mechanism: the same phenotypic observation might be the consequence of unrelated underlying events. Recently, details of the molecular aspects of establishing a primed state and its transfer to offspring have come to light. Advances in techniques for detection and quantification of elements spanning the fields of transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics, together with adequate bioinformatics tools, will soon allow us to take a holistic approach to plant defence. This review highlights the state of the art of new strategies to study defence priming in plants and provides perspectives towards 'prime-omics'. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Erhvervsliv og politik i Den Europæiske Union

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nedergaard, Peter

    socialkonstruktivismen tager sig af de ændrede politiske præferencer og rational choice-teorien sig af de langt mere konstante politiske institutioner. Den foreslåede teori anvendes til forklaring af de politiske resultater af tre vigtige reformer af EU's landbrugspolitik i 1984, 1992 og 2003. Den viser sig i stand til......Artiklen diskuterer anvendelige teorier for analysen af den økonomisk-politiske integration i EU's politiske system, som i dag er langt den vigtigste reguleringsramme om virksomhederne i EU. I den forbindelse foreslår artiklen en såkaldt socialkonstruktivistisk rational choice-teori, hvor...

  1. Nuclear chemistry and Radiochemistry in the USA; Kern- und Radiochemie in den USA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kronenberg, A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Isotope and Nuclear Chemistry Div.; Stoyer, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    2004-04-01

    Nuclear chemistry and radiochemistry are very young sciences which developed at an extremely brisk pace within a very short period of time after the discovery of nuclear fission in 1938, and caused profound societal changes. In the United States, nuclear chemistry developed very differently from Germany, where nuclear research initially had been banned after the Second World War. The prime mover in the development in the United States was the Manhattan Project, the construction of the atomic bomb. The counteract the impending shortage of qualified personnel, important institutions have begun to establish training and support programs in the field. The National Laboratories in the United States introduced a National Security Internship Program, while the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) tries to promote cooperation, and thus the training of personnel, by launching programs of its own. Yet, a greater shortage of qualified personnel is becoming apparent. The situation of nuclear chemistry and radiochemistry in the United States can be summarized in the finding that research at the National Laboratories is very wide ranging. It receives sufficient funds from the DOE. However, the National Laboratories show a very high proportion of elderly personnel, a problem which will have to be corrected in the years to come. This may be helped by the Summer Schools financed by the DOE, though a summer school of six weeks cannot replace a sound training in nuclear chemistry of the kind still to be found in Germany. (orig.) [German] Kern- und Radiochemie sind sehr junge Wissenschaften, die sich nach der Entdeckung der Kernspaltung 1938 innerhalb kuerzester Zeit extrem rasant entwickelt und tiefe gesellschaftliche Veraenderungen bewirkt haben. In den USA hat sich die Kernchemie sehr unterschiedlich im Vergleich zu Deutschland entwickelt, wo die Kernforschung nach dem 2. Weltkrieg vorerst verboten war. Massgeblich in den USA war dabei das Manhatten-Projekt zum Bau von Nuklearwaffen

  2. Jamie Oliver i den gode smags tjeneste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leer, Jonatan

    2014-01-01

    det gode liv er i stigende grad blevet en central del af genren i dag, hvor særligt kogebogsforfatternes privatliv og livsstil – altså et selvbiografisk element – er blevet et bærende narrativ i mange kogebøger. Med sådanne iscenesættelser og dramatiseringer af forestillinger om det gode liv bevæger...... den gode sags tjeneste først og fremmest tjener til at skabe et positivt billede af tv-kokken/kogebogsforfatteren som etisk individ (og brand) på bekostning af de gastronomisk nødstedte. Det skal nævnes, at jeg i min læsning af Jamies kogebogs-kampskrift har ladet mig inspirere af den russisk...

  3. Dens Evaginatus: A Problem-Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ayer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Dens evaginatus is an uncommon developmental anomaly of human dentition characterized by the presence of tubercle on the occlusal surface of mandibular premolars and lingual surface of anterior teeth. Due to occlusal trauma this tubercle tends to fracture thus exposing the pathway to the pulp chamber of teeth. This case report is about the presentation of dens evaginatus in mandibular premolars bilaterally; among them tooth 44 was associated with chronic apical periodontitis. Fractured tubercle of three premolars was sealed with composite resin. Root canal treatment was performed with tooth 44. Routine endodontic treatment did not result in remission of infection. Therefore, culture and sensitivity tests were performed to identify the cause and modify treatment plan accordingly. Triple antibiotic paste was used as an intracanal medicament to disinfect the root canal that resulted in remission of infection.

  4. Dens invaginatus: A review and case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nesrine Tebbeb

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus (DI (dens in dente is a developmental anomaly resulting from an invagination in part of variable depth of the enamel organ into the dental papilla in the surface of the crown before calcification of the dental tissues. This anomaly usually involves the upper lateral incisors. These teeth are frequently expressed by an unusual form of crown and accentuation in the cingulum or a cusp. They are a target for caries leading to pulp necrosis and apical pathosis, so the diagnosis and early prevention measures are important. When treatment is necessary, conservative, endodontic, and periodontal possibilities are very effective. Surgical interventions are only rarely indicated. The present paper deals with the treatment of series cases with DI.

  5. Stephen Schwartz og den folkelige lyd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kreutzfeldt, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    Stephen Schwartz døde i foråret 2013. I denne artikel forsøger Jacob Kreutzfeldt, der gennemførte en række interviews med Schwartz gennem hans sidste år, at indkredse den æstetiske grundholdning, der prægede hans arbejde med radiomontagen i DR.......Stephen Schwartz døde i foråret 2013. I denne artikel forsøger Jacob Kreutzfeldt, der gennemførte en række interviews med Schwartz gennem hans sidste år, at indkredse den æstetiske grundholdning, der prægede hans arbejde med radiomontagen i DR....

  6. Den Digital Kirkegårdskultur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabra, Jakob Borrits

    2016-01-01

    (primært vestlige) forskningslitteratur på området, vil jeg i denne artikel argumentere for, at kirkegården også har en voksende digital dimension, der kræver opmærk- somhed, holdningsudveksling og stillingtagen på samme vis som stedets religiøse, sekulære, æstetiske, sociale, kulturelle, historiske......, politiske og funktionelle dimensioner. Det for- udsætter et overblik over digitale fænomener og tendenser indenfor medieringer af døden i den danske kirkegårds- og mindekultur. Jeg vil således først give eksempler på, hvor- dan digitale teknologier og sociale medier kommer til udtryk i denne sammenhæng, og...

  7. Past Their Prime

    OpenAIRE

    Friedman, Rebecca E

    2012-01-01

    Past Their Prime is a half-hour documentary about Colo— the oldest living gorilla in captivity — on her 55th birthday, and her place in the world of geriatric zoo animal care.                It’s winter at the Columbus Zoo in Columbus, Ohio. In the ape house elderly visitors browse slowly, wrapped in down jackets. Children run from exhibit to exhibit, pointing at the animals they see and announcing each one to their grandparents. Behind the glass, Colo, the...

  8. Open Access og Den Bibliometriske Forskningsindikator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorch, Bertil

    2011-01-01

    I sine "Anbefalinger til implementering af Open Access i Danmark" foreslår det nationale Open Access Udvalget blandet andet, at Den Bibliometriske Forskningsindikator (BFI) bør koordineres med en national Open Access-politik. I dette paper, der er baseret på et blogindlæg, fremfører forfatteren...... fire grunde til, hvorfor han synes det er en dårlig idé at koble Open Access til BFI....

  9. Construindo um Densímetro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricetti Rodrigo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Para fins didáticos, é apresentada uma maneira de construir um densímetro, aparelho utilizadopara medir a densidade de fluidos. um aparato fácil de ser construído e muito simples de serutilizado. Sua principal vantagem sobre os densímetros que comercialmente encontramos, é a suacapacidade de medir a densidade de quaisquer líquidos, operando em qualquer faixa de densidade. Outra vantagem que apresenta, é a possibilidade de fazer uma medição relativa entre quaisquerlíquidos, não fazendo apenas a medição relativa à densidade da água. Desta maneira, pode-semedir, por exemplo, a densidade do mercúrio em relação ao éter, com este instrumento. Nota-seque, desta maneira, com apenas um instrumento determina-se a densidade de qualquer líquido, nãosendo necessário dispor-se de densímetros que operem em diversas faixas de densidade, como é ocaso dos instrumentos encontrados comercialmente.

  10. Simultaneous Occurrence of Dens Invaginatus and Fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amit Mhapuskar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Although Dens invaginatus and fusion are well-known and well established dental anomalies, they are rarely seen in supernumerary teeth. In this article, simultaneous occurrence of Dens invaginatus and fusion between maxillary lateral incisor and a supernumerary tooth is described. Dens invaginatus is clinically significant due to the possibility of the pulpal involvement; pulpitis, necrotic pulps and chronic periapical lesions are often associated with this anomaly without clinical symptoms. Fusion has a negative impact on the aesthetics, especially when it occurs in maxillary anterior teeth. It is difficult to clinically make differential diagnosis between fused teeth and geminated teeth, especially when these anomalies take place together with hypodontia or supernumerary tooth. It has been found that sequel of such teeth may result in delayed eruption, ectopic eruption or even impaction of permanent teeth; hence proper diagnosis by clinical and radiographic methods and intervention at appropriate time is of paramount importance. The accurate knowledge of variations in morphology of tooth and pulp cavity greatly assists the dentist in planning successful treatment options.

  11. Transposed-Letter Priming Effects with Masked Subset Primes: A Re-Examination of the "Relative Position Priming Constraint"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stinchcombe, Eric J.; Lupker, Stephen J.; Davis, Colin J.

    2012-01-01

    Three experiments are reported investigating the role of letter order in orthographic subset priming (e.g., "grdn"-GARDEN) using both the conventional masked priming technique as well as the sandwich priming technique in a lexical decision task. In all three experiments, subset primes produced priming with the effect being considerably…

  12. Prime time sexual harassment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grauerholz, E; King, A

    1997-04-01

    This study explores the explicit and implicit messages of sexual harassment that viewers receive when viewing prime-time television in the US. A content analysis of 48 hours of prime-time television reveals that sexual harassment on television is both highly visible and invisible. Sexual harassment is rendered visible simply by its prominence in these programs. Incidents involving quid-pro-quo harassment and environmental harassment occur with regularity on television. Furthermore, about 84% of the shows studied contained at least one incident of sexual harassment; yet these acts of sexual harassment remained largely invisible because none of the behaviors were labeled as sexual harassment. These incidents are presented in humorous ways, and victims are generally unharmed and very effective at ending the harassment. Although such programs may actually reflect the reality of many women's lives in terms of prevalence of sexual harassment, they perpetuate several myths about sexual harassment, such as that sexual harassment is not serious and that victims should be able to handle the situations themselves.

  13. Primes, Geometry and Condensed Matter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Rabeh R. H.

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Fascination with primes dates back to the Greeks and before. Primes are named by some “the elementary particles of arithmetic” as every nonprime integer is made of a unique set of primes. In this article we point to new connections between primes, geometry and physics which show that primes could be called “the elementary particles of physics” too. This study considers the problem of closely packing similar circles / spheres in 2D / 3D space. This is in effect a discretization process of space and the allowable num- ber in a pack is found to lead to some unexpected cases of prime configurations which is independent of the size of the constituents. We next suggest that a non-prime can be considered geometrically as a symmetric collection that is separable (factorable into similar parts- six is two threes or three twos for example. A collection that has no such symmetry is a prime. As a result, a physical prime aggregate is more difficult to split symmetrically resulting in an inherent stability. This “number / physical” stability idea applies to bigger collections made from smaller (prime units leading to larger sta- ble prime structures in a limitless scaling up process. The distribution of primes among numbers can be understood better using the packing ideas described here and we further suggest that differing numbers (and values of distinct prime factors making a nonprime collection is an important factor in determining the probability and method of possible and subsequent disintegration. Disintegration is bound by energy conservation and is closely related to symmetry by Noether theorems. Thinking of condensed matter as the packing of identical elements, we examine plots of the masses of chemical elements of the periodic table, and also those of the elementary particles of physics, and show that prime packing rules seem to play a role in the make up of matter. The plots show con- vincingly that the growth of prime numbers and that

  14. Primes, Geometry and Condensed Matter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Rabeh R. H.

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Fascination with primes dates back to the Greeks and before. Primes are named by some "the elementary particles of arithmetic" as every nonprime integer is made of a unique set of primes. In this article we point to new connections between primes, geometry and physics which show that primes could be called "the elementary particles of physics" too. This study considers the problem of closely packing similar circles/spheres in 2D/3D space. This is in effect a discretization process of space and the allowable number in a pack is found to lead to some unexpected cases of prime configurations which is independent of the size of the constituents. We next suggest that a non-prime can be considered geometrically as a symmetric collection that is separable (factorable into similar parts- six is two threes or three twos for example. A collection that has no such symmetry is a prime. As a result, a physical prime aggregate is more difficult to split symmetrically resulting in an inherent stability. This "number/physical" stability idea applies to bigger collections made from smaller (prime units leading to larger stable prime structures in a limitless scaling up process. The distribution of primes among numbers can be understood better using the packing ideas described here and we further suggest that differing numbers (and values of distinct prime factors making a nonprime collection is an important factor in determining the probability and method of possible and subsequent disintegration. Disintegration is bound by energy conservation and is closely related to symmetry by Noether theorems. Thinking of condensed matter as the packing of identical elements, we examine plots of the masses of chemical elements of the periodic table, and also those of the elementary particles of physics, and show that prime packing rules seem to play a role in the make up of matter. The plots show convincingly that the growth of prime numbers and that of the masses of

  15. Diagnosis and clinical significance of dens invaginatus to practicing dentist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mupparapu, Muralidhar; Singer, Steven R; Pisano, Dominic

    2006-01-01

    Dens invaginatus, commonly known as dens in dente, is a developmental malformation of teeth that most commonly affects permanent maxillary lateral incisors. Deciduous teeth are infrequently affected. Presence of dens invaginatus in mandibular permanent teeth is extremely uncommon. A rare presentation of coronal double dens invaginatus incidentally detected in a mandibular canine tooth on radiographic examination is being reported, along with a discussion of this anomaly. The patient had presented for routine dental treatment unrelated to this finding. In addition, the various radiographic appearances of dens invaginatus, as they present within the maxillary and mandibular teeth, are described. Essential clinical considerations and treatment options are presented. A review of the pertinent literature is undertaken, and tables summarizing previously published reports of mandibular dens invaginatus and double dens invaginatus are presented. A review of the literature indicates that dens invaginatus in mandibular teeth is extremely rare, with only 11 other cases, involving 14 teeth, reported previously. Cases of double dens invaginatus are even more atypical, with only eight previously reported cases. Dens invaginatus is an anomaly that should be familiar to all practicing dentists because of the clinical implications and potential sequelae.

  16. Dens evaginatus and dens invaginatus in a double tooth: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav Sharma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of dens invaginatus (DI and dens evaginatus (DE on same tooth is a rare phenomenon. However, when these dental anomalies occur on a double tooth, it becomes an extremely rare phenomenon. The authors report a rare case of DI and DE on fused permanent maxillary central incisor with supernumerary tooth in a 40-year-old male. The present article also focuses on the differentiating fusion from gemination and also reviews preventive and management strategies for tooth with complex dental anatomy.

  17. PrimeFaces beginner's guide

    CERN Document Server

    Reddy, K Siva Prasad

    2013-01-01

    A guide for beginner's with step-by-step instructions and an easy-to-follow approach.PrimeFaces Beginners Guide is a simple and effective guide for beginners, wanting to learn and implement PrimeFaces in their JSF-based applications. Some basic JSF and jQuery skills are required before you start working through the book.

  18. Primes in short arithmetic progressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puchta, Jan-Christoph

    We give a large sieve type inequality for functions supported on primes. As application we prove a conjecture by Elliott, and give bounds for short character sums over primes. The proves uses a combination of the large sieve and the Selberg sieve.

  19. Rhizosphere priming: a nutrient perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feike Auke Dijkstra

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Rhizosphere priming is the change in decomposition of soil organic matter (SOM caused by root activity. Rhizosphere priming plays a crucial role in soil carbon (C dynamics and their response to global climate change. Rhizosphere priming may be affected by soil nutrient availability, but rhizosphere priming itself can also affect nutrient supply to plants. These interactive effects may be of particular relevance in understanding the sustained increase in plant growth and nutrient supply in response to a rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration. We examined how these interactions were affected by elevated CO2 in two similar semiarid grassland field studies. We found that an increase in rhizosphere priming enhanced the release of nitrogen (N through decomposition of a larger fraction of SOM in one study, but not in the other. We postulate that rhizosphere priming may enhance N supply to plants in systems that are N limited, but that rhizosphere priming may not occur in systems that are phosphorus (P limited. Under P limitation, rhizodeposition may be used for mobilisation of P, rather than for decomposition of SOM. Therefore, with increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations, rhizosphere priming may play a larger role in affecting C sequestration in N poor than in P poor soils.

  20. Sequential experiments with primes

    CERN Document Server

    Caragiu, Mihai

    2017-01-01

    With a specific focus on the mathematical life in small undergraduate colleges, this book presents a variety of elementary number theory insights involving sequences largely built from prime numbers and contingent number-theoretic functions. Chapters include new mathematical ideas and open problems, some of which are proved in the text. Vector valued MGPF sequences, extensions of Conway’s Subprime Fibonacci sequences, and linear complexity of bit streams derived from GPF sequences are among the topics covered in this book. This book is perfect for the pure-mathematics-minded educator in a small undergraduate college as well as graduate students and advanced undergraduate students looking for a significant high-impact learning experience in mathematics.

  1. The Prime Numbers Hidden Symmetric Structure and its Relation to the Twin Prime Infinitude and an Improved Prime Number Theorem

    CERN Document Server

    Mikoss, I

    2006-01-01

    Due to the sieving process represented by a Secondary Sieving Map; during the generation of the prime numbers, geometric structures with definite symmetries are formed which become evident through their geometrical representations. The study of these structures allows the development of a constructive prime generating formula. This defines a mean prime density yielding a second order recursive and discrete prime producing formula and a second order differential equation whose solutions produce an improved Prime Number Theorem. Applying these results to twin prime pairs is possible to generate a Twin Prime Number Theorem and important conclusions about the infinitude of the twin primes.

  2. An update on the diagnosis and treatment of dens invaginatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, J; Wang, X; Fang, Y; Von den Hoff, J W; Meng, L

    2017-09-01

    Dens invaginatus is a malformation with varying anatomical features, posing challenges to treatment. Early and accurate diagnosis plays a significant role in selecting the appropriate treatment. The diagnosis of teeth with a complex root canal system including dens invaginatus has made progress with the application of three-dimensional imaging techniques in endodontics. Advanced treatment options provide hope for teeth that could not be saved before. This review discusses diagnostic methods and treatment options for teeth with dens invaginatus, and provides guidelines for the management of dens invaginatus cases in clinic. Current as well as traditional diagnostic techniques are summarized. Treatment options including state-of-the-art alternatives are presented for coronal dens invaginatus and radicular dens invaginatus. © 2017 Australian Dental Association.

  3. Priming semantico e museografia / Semantic priming and museography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annalisa Banzi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Il priming è una tipologia di memoria implicita che facilita l’apprendimento di stimoli di diversa natura (stimoli visivi, semantici, etc.. Un allestimento museale che adotti strumenti basati sul priming potrebbe aiutare il pubblico a selezionare i contenuti relativi agli oggetti esposti. In questo articolo viene descritta l’applicazione del priming semantico allo spazio museale. Questa operazione in prima battutta potrebbe essere letta come una mancanza di fiducia nelle capacità cognitive del visitatore nel discriminare il significato delle informazioni. In realtà è una forma di sostegno per aiutare il visitatore a sviluppare gradualmente una propria metodologia di approccio ai contenuti proposti nel museo. Grazie al priming, il pubblico riceve una serie di stimoli che possono aiutare a costituire la base delle proprie conoscenze in ambito storico-artistico ed essere il punto di partenza sul quale costruire un metodo critico.   Many psychological aspects such as motivation, emotion, and attention, affect human learning. Among these, priming triggers and tunes implicit memory processes. Hence the goal of this paper is to check whether semantic priming can be used as an effective tool to design a supportive museum environment where people can easily learn. Moreover, the resulting stronger and more persistent memories could encourage museum visitors to learn more and better, and to develop a method to “read” the artworks. After a brief overview of current models of semantic priming, practical and theoretical issues are considered and discussed.

  4. Influence of bow-tie trees on the residual AC breakdown voltage of dry-cured XLPE power cables under immersed accelerated aging test. Shinsui kadenka ni okeru kanshiki kakyo polyethylene cable no zanson hakai den'atsu tokusei ni oyobosu bow tie jo mizu tree no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashizume, T.; Shinoda, C.; Nakamura, K.; Hotta, M.; Tani, T. (Yazaki Electric Wire Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1994-03-20

    A 6-kV class polyethylene cable manufactured by using a dry-cured three-layer extrusion system has been subjected to accelerated deterioration under immersed condition (at a voltage of 6.9V and a frequency of 1 kHz for an application period as long as 18 months as maximum). The cable had then been given a breakdown test by means of an application method based on the electric power standard to derive the residual breakdown voltage characteristics. Causes of the breakdown have been discussed by using a pre-interruption method. This paper reports the result of the discussion. The following findings have been obtained: the residual breakdown voltage values vary largely on the whole, but no trend has been observed that the voltage decreases as the application period for accelerated deterioration becomes longer; generation of bow-tie trees (with a length of about 600 [mu]m or longer) in contact with internal or external semiconduction layer largely reduces the breakdown voltage values, and presence of bow-tie trees has increased the variation in the breakdown values; and the breakdown voltage values vary largely due to moisture in the bow-tie trees contacting the semiconduction layer. 12 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Droht den "kleinen Sprachen" das Aussterben?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Lemić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Prozesse der Globalisierung sind die Ursache für viele Änderungen in der Weltgemeinschaft, vor allem die Entfernung von Unterscheidungsmerkmalen (in Bezug darauf, dass „zwischen vielen ethnischen Zeichen, das was dauernd ist, ist die Dichotomisierung/Differenzierung eines „Wir-und-die-Anderen“ (Grbić, 2003, 93-64. Diese Zeichen wirken als Zeichen der Resozialisierung, die die bestehenden Identitäten löschen und sich an der Schaffung neuer Strukturen beteiligen. Die Zeit der Romantik in Europa ermöglichte die Schaffung von Nationalstaaten und ihr Hauptmerkmal war die Nationalsprache. Diese Art der sozialen Differenzierung hatte das Ziel, die Illusion einer vollständig homogenisierten Gesellschaft zu schaffen und damit den Prozess der Zerstörung der „kleinen“ Sprachen zu beginnen. Sprache und Kultur erwiesen sich als Grundlage der Gemeinschaftserhaltung. Die Homogenisierung ermöglicht Aktivitäten mit dem Ziel, einem Individuum zu helfen, sich als Individuum und als Mitglied der Gemeinschaft zu behaupten. Keine dieser beiden Identitäten kann ohne die Wechselwirkung mit der Umgebung erreicht werden. Die sprachliche Interaktion mit anderen Mitgliedern ist das Schlüsselsegment, das Menschen von anderen Lebensformen unterscheidet. Durch den Austausch von Erfahrungen mit anderen kommt der Mensch auf allen Ebenen voran und mit der Erfindung der Schrift öffnete er die Tür zur Entwicklung der Zivilisation. In dieser Arbeit beschäftigen wir uns mit der Frage der „Prestige“-Sprachen, die auf der Grundlage der Macht der Gemeinschaft der Muttersprachler ihren Bereich weit über die Grenzen des eigenen Landes hinaus erweitern und so eine politische und wirtschaftliche Vormachtstellung schaffen, aber auch mit den Auswirkungen jener Sprachen auf die Dekonstruktion oder möglicherweise vollständige Ausrottung der Sprachen, die auf diese Weise an Einfluss verlieren, unmodern werden und sich die Frage der Notwendigkeit ihrer

  6. Den teoretiske udvikling af Supply Chain Strategimodeller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arvad Johansen, Jens

    2011-01-01

    segmentering via postponement-princippet, har givet mærkbare forbedringer. Det beskrives endvidere, hvordan produkternes livscyklus påvirker valget af supply chain design. Begrebet Demand Chain Management( DCM), hvormed strategimodeller bruger klassiske marketingelementer sammen med Supply Chain Management......Denne artikel beskriver med udgangspunkt i artikler og virksomhedseksempler udviklingen inde for supply chain strategimodeller. Ved hjælp af tidligere udviklede koncepter besvares spørgsmålet: “Hvad er den rette supply chain for mine produkter?”. Virksomhedseksempler beskriver, hvordan supply chain...

  7. Zoologien i den klassiske islamiske kultur

    OpenAIRE

    Provencal, Philippe; Aarab, Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Denne artikel bringer en oversigt over forskning i den zoologiske videnskab, således som denne er kommet til udtryk i tekster skrevet på klassisk arabisk fra anden halvdel af 700-tallet til 1400-tallet. I lyset af nyere forskning og med eksempler hentet fra de arabiske tekster selv, bliver en ny bedømmelse af disse teksters faglige indhold foreslået. This article brings a survey of research on the science of zoology in the Classical Arabic/Islamic Culture as revealed in texts on this subje...

  8. Zu den on Emona und Ljubljana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Šašel

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Bildungssilbe -ona wurde in übernommenen ON von den Slawen regelmässig auf -in umgebildet (Salona-Solin. Dieser Gruppe wird vom Autor auch die Form Atamine beigezählt (für Emona, Anon. Ravenn. 4.20, die infolge einer Diskontinuität in Vergessenheit geriet. Im Bereich derselben Siedlungsstelle taucht später der ON Ljubljana auf, dessen Bildungssilbe -ana (wie in ON Fažana, Sežana auf lokales Bestehen eines sprachlich vorslawischen Elements hindeutet. Lit. und Beispiele s. im Text oben.

  9. [Dens in dente. Histological characteristics of an unusual case of dens in dente].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macorra, J C; Pérez, J; Puertas, A J

    1989-03-01

    We describe a rare case of "dens in dente" in an accessory germ in central location of an anencephalic phoetus. Its characteristics of having enamel surrounding normal dentin and normal pulpar cavity, all of them surrounded by the unaffected accessory germ leads us to describe the term "dente in dente". Such alteration is not previously described.

  10. Den skjulte Oldtid – den nye udstilling på Nationalmuseet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingemann, Bruno

    2009-01-01

    Enhver udstilling konstruerer sin besøgende! Man skal som besøgende have bestemte forudsætninger, en vis viden, kende bestemte kategorier, have en bestemt form for nysgerrighed – og det er udstillingen som skaber dette særsprog med dets muligheder for at udelukke eller inkludere den besøgende. De...

  11. The incidence of the dens invaginatus in the maxillary incisors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jin, Hae Yun; Lee, Sang Rae

    1980-01-01

    The purpose of this survey was to reveal a incidence of dens invaginatus in the maxillary incisor region. The material was 1671 sets of full mouth intraoral standard films, which was taken from the patients visiting for the routine check at the Infirmary of College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University. The following results were obtained; 1. The incidence of dens invaginatus was 14.90 and that of slightly dilated dens invaginatus was 9.46%. 2. The incidence of dens invaginatus showed no difference between male and female. 3. Most of the dens invaginatus occurred in the maxillary lateral incisors (93.53%) and a few in the maxillary central incisors (6.46%) showed slight invagination. 4. Among the cases with dens invaginatus, over a half (53.41%) showed bilateral occurrence. 5. Comparatively rate cases, i. e. bilateral dens invaginatus of the maxillary central incisors, unilateral double dens invaginatus of the maxillary lateral incisor, and bilateral dens invaginatus of the maxillary lateral incisors, one side double and one side single, were reported.

  12. The incidence of the dens invaginatus in the maxillary incisors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, Hae Yun; Lee, Sang Rae [Dept. of Dental Radiology, Division of Dentistry, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1980-11-15

    The purpose of this survey was to reveal a incidence of dens invaginatus in the maxillary incisor region. The material was 1671 sets of full mouth intraoral standard films, which was taken from the patients visiting for the routine check at the Infirmary of College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University. The following results were obtained; 1. The incidence of dens invaginatus was 14.90 and that of slightly dilated dens invaginatus was 9.46%. 2. The incidence of dens invaginatus showed no difference between male and female. 3. Most of the dens invaginatus occurred in the maxillary lateral incisors (93.53%) and a few in the maxillary central incisors (6.46%) showed slight invagination. 4. Among the cases with dens invaginatus, over a half (53.41%) showed bilateral occurrence. 5. Comparatively rate cases, i. e. bilateral dens invaginatus of the maxillary central incisors, unilateral double dens invaginatus of the maxillary lateral incisor, and bilateral dens invaginatus of the maxillary lateral incisors, one side double and one side single, were reported.

  13. Mozart, Karl Barth, og den kristne troslæren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2010-01-01

    En diskussion af Karl Barths teologiske brug af W.A.Mozart i den kirchliche Dogmatik med kontekstuel inddragelse af en til en vis grad tilsvarende overordnet diskussion af Mozart, skrevet af en samtidig musiker, den fremtrædende Mozart-dirigent Ferenc Fricsay. ......En diskussion af Karl Barths teologiske brug af W.A.Mozart i den kirchliche Dogmatik med kontekstuel inddragelse af en til en vis grad tilsvarende overordnet diskussion af Mozart, skrevet af en samtidig musiker, den fremtrædende Mozart-dirigent Ferenc Fricsay. ...

  14. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper; Andersen, Kim Normann

    2013-01-01

    til. I denne undersøgelse sættes der fokus på myndighedernes besvarelse af den digitale post. Digital post blev bl.a. etableret som et alternativ til almindelig e-mail for at det offentlige kan kommunikere med borgere og virksomheder på en sikker måde, dvs. uden at uvedkommende kan få adgang til...... følsomme oplysninger. Fokus for undersøgelsen er hvordan håndterer myndighederne besvarelserne i den digitale postkasse: svarer de på digital post og e-mail, hvor hurtigt svarer de og er svarene brugbare? Undersøgelsen medtager myndighedernes besvarelse af digital post og e-mail, dels for at kunne...... sammenligne de to digitale kanaler og for at kunne sammenligne med en tidligere undersøgelse af digital kommunikation med det offentlige. Herudover er der tidligere gennemført en undersøgelse af e-mail svar og svartider i New Zealand og Australien. De danske resultater fra e-mail undersøgelsen, men ikke...

  15. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper Bull; Andersen, Kim Normann

    digital postkasse, som borgerne kunne skrive til. I denne undersøgelse sættes der fokus på myndighedernes besvarelse af den digitale post. Digital post blev bl.a. etableret som et alternativ til almindelig e-mail for at det offentlige kan kommunikere med borgere og virksomheder på en sikker måde, dvs....... uden at uvedkommende kan få adgang til følsomme oplysninger. Fokus for undersøgelsen er hvordan håndterer myndighederne besvarelserne i den digitale postkasse: svarer de på digital post og e-mail, hvor hurtigt svarer de og er svarene brugbare? Vi har også undersøgt besvarelse af e-mail, dels...... for at kunne sammenligne de to digitale kanaler og for at kunne sammenligne med en tidligere undersøgelse af digital kommunikation med det offentlige. Herudover er der tidligere gennemført en undersøgelse af e-mail svar og svartider i New Zealand og Australien. De danske resultater fra e-mail undersøgelsen...

  16. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper Bull; Andersen, Kim Normann

    til. I denne undersøgelse sættes der fokus på myndighedernes besvarelse af den digitale post. Digital post blev bl.a. etableret som et alternativ til almindelig e-mail for at det offentlige kan kommunikere med borgere og virksomheder på en sikker måde, dvs. uden at uvedkommende kan få adgang til...... følsomme oplysninger. Fokus for undersøgelsen er hvordan håndterer myndighederne besvarelserne i den digitale postkasse: svarer de på digital post og e-mail, hvor hurtigt svarer de og er svarene brugbare? Undersøgelsen medtager myndighedernes besvarelse af digital post og e-mail, dels for at kunne...... sammenligne de to digitale kanaler og for at kunne sammenligne med en tidligere undersøgelse af digital kommunikation med det offentlige. Herudover er der tidligere gennemført en undersøgelse af e-mail svar og svartider i New Zealand og Australien. De danske resultater fra e-mail undersøgelsen, men ikke...

  17. Magnetron priming by multiple cathodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, M. C.; Neculaes, V. B.; Lau, Y. Y.; Gilgenbach, R. M.; White, W. M.; Hoff, B. W.; Jordan, N. M.

    2005-08-01

    A relativistic magnetron priming technique using multiple cathodes is simulated with a three-dimensional, fully electromagnetic, particle-in-cell code. This technique is based on electron emission from N /2 individual cathodes in an N-cavity magnetron to prime the π mode. In the case of the six-cavity relativistic magnetron, π-mode start-oscillation times are reduced up to a factor of 4, and mode competition is suppressed. Most significantly, the highest microwave field power is observed by utilizing three cathodes compared to other recently explored priming techniques.

  18. Optical coding theory with Prime

    CERN Document Server

    Kwong, Wing C

    2013-01-01

    Although several books cover the coding theory of wireless communications and the hardware technologies and coding techniques of optical CDMA, no book has been specifically dedicated to optical coding theory-until now. Written by renowned authorities in the field, Optical Coding Theory with Prime gathers together in one volume the fundamentals and developments of optical coding theory, with a focus on families of prime codes, supplemented with several families of non-prime codes. The book also explores potential applications to coding-based optical systems and networks. Learn How to Construct

  19. Ovation Prime Real-Time

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Ovation Prime Real-Time (OPRT) product is a real-time forecast and nowcast model of auroral power and is an operational implementation of the work by Newell et...

  20. Philipp van den Bossche – Sac. Caes. Mai. Phrygiarius

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bukovinská, Beket

    -, č. 0130 (2015), s. 1-18 ISSN 2190-3328 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Philipp van den Bossche * Prague court * Rudolph II * Kunstkammer Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage http://www.riha-journal.org/articles/2015/2015-oct-dec/bukovinska-philipp-van-den-bossche

  1. ICC2007 i Moskva, den 23. internationale kartografikongres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Lars

    2007-01-01

    1200 deltagere fra hele verden var samlet i dagene 4. til 9. august 2007 i Moskva for at afholde den 23. internationale kartografikongres. Udgivelsesdato: september......1200 deltagere fra hele verden var samlet i dagene 4. til 9. august 2007 i Moskva for at afholde den 23. internationale kartografikongres. Udgivelsesdato: september...

  2. Empirisme, rationalisme og den moralske følelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Carsten Fogh

    2003-01-01

    Sammenlignende diskussion af David Humes og Immanuel Kants syn på følelsernes rolle for den moralske dom......Sammenlignende diskussion af David Humes og Immanuel Kants syn på følelsernes rolle for den moralske dom...

  3. Laika – den første hund i rummet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen

    2013-01-01

    DETTE ER DEN FØRSTE ARTIKEL I EN SERIE OM FORSØGSDYRENES ROLLE I RUMFORSKNINGEN. DYRENE SPILLEDE EN CENTRAL ROLLE I RUSSERNES OG AMERIKANERNES RUMKAPLØB UNDER DEN KOLDE KRIG. I DAG BRUGES DYRENE TIL MEDICINSKE FORSØG UDFØRT I VÆGTLØS TILSTAND. FØRSTE ARTIKEL HANDLER OM GADEKRYDSET LAIKA, SOM BLEV...

  4. Trump, NATO og den europæiske sikkerhedsarkitektur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsmose, Jens; Henriksen, Anders

    Manglende klarhed i den amerikanske linje over for det NATO, landet indtil nu har taget føringen i, vil få konsekvenser for Europa og for Danmarks muligheder og valg. Denne rapport ser på konsekvenserne for den europæiske sikkerhedsarkitektur....

  5. "Den lille havfrue" som digital pop op-bog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mygind, Sarah

    2017-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: DIGITAL POP OP-BOG H. C. ANDERSEN OG BOOKS & MAGIC DEN LILLE HAVFRUE Bog og App til iOS & Android 5......Anmeldelse af: DIGITAL POP OP-BOG H. C. ANDERSEN OG BOOKS & MAGIC DEN LILLE HAVFRUE Bog og App til iOS & Android 5...

  6. A rare presentation of multiple dens invaginatus in maxillary dentition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purani, Jigar M; Purani, Hiral J

    2014-08-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental disturbance of the tooth and usually occurs in the maxillary lateral incisor of permanent dentition. In this article, a rare case of dens invaginatus affecting multiple permanent maxillary teeth is described. 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  7. Facial cellulitis secondary to dens invaginatus: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenault, Murielle; Anderson, Ross D; Dyment, Heather; MacLellan, Jennifer; Doyle, Tracy

    2011-04-01

    We describe a case of dens invaginatus in an unerupted permanent maxillary lateral incisor, which led to facial cellulitis in a 10-year-old girl. We review the importance of recognizing dens invaginatus and present strategies for preventing loss of vitality in the affected tooth.

  8. An update on the diagnosis and treatment of dens invaginatus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhu, J.; Wang, X.; Fang, Y.; Hoff, J.W. Von den; Meng, L.

    2017-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a malformation with varying anatomical features, posing challenges to treatment. Early and accurate diagnosis plays a significant role in selecting the appropriate treatment. The diagnosis of teeth with a complex root canal system including dens invaginatus has made progress with

  9. Den Ontologiske Vending i Antropologi og Science and Technology Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winthereik, Brit Ross

    2015-01-01

    Formålet med artiklen er at afsøge, hvad videnskabs- og teknologi- studier eller Science and Technology Studies (STS) tilbyder humaniora og samfundsvidenskaberne med det nybrud, der er blevet kaldt den ontologiske vending. Med udgangspunkt i en beskrivelse af den onto- logiske vending i antropologi...

  10. Konservatismen og den højreradikale terror

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Christian Houlberg

    2011-01-01

    Den norske højreekstremist Anders Behring Breiviks terror mod det norske samfund har herhjemme ledt til en voldsom debat om blandt andet forbindelsen mellem tonen i debatten og terrorangrebet og forholdet mellem den siden 2001 meget omtalte kulturkonservatisme og Anders Breiviks terrorhandling....... Essayet Konservatismen og den højreradikale terror forsøger dels at skabe klarhed over fronterne i debatten, dels at rette en kritik mod såvel tendensen til at afskrive handlingen som uforståelig som af tendensen til at slå den bredere højrefløjs kritik af multikulturalismen i hartkorn med Breiviks...... højreradikalisme. Artiklen forsøger at vise skellet mellem et konservativ og et højreradikalt ideologisk udgangspunkt, samtidig med, at den fastholder, at konservative ikke per definition er immune over for radikalisering....

  11. Guide til evaluering af Den motiverende samtale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Anita; Douw, Karla

    UC Lillebælt har på baggrund af kommunale henvendelser udarbejdet et kursusforløb om Den motiverende samtale (DMS). I en efterfølgende evaluering af forløbet har en nedsat projektgruppe udarbejdet en guide til selvevaluering med fokus på kompetenceudvikling af kursusdeltagerne. For at sikre...... dog også andre kommunikationsmodeller, og DMS indgår i fragmenter. Det er særligt delen om ambivalens og forandringshjulet der fremhæves fra DMS. Evalueringen af SEG peger på følgende: Selvevaluering er mest meningsfyldt, når DMS jævnligt anvendes, hvorfor målgruppen for SEG med fordel kan beskrives...

  12. dens dualitet – ‘den gode død’ og ‘den dårlige død’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Michael Hviid; Dalgaard, Karen Marie; Wanseele, Janet Ferrari

    2013-01-01

    Abstract dansk: Igennem de seneste årtier har forestillinger om ‘den gode død’ været en vigtig drivkraft i og inspirationskilde for palliative praksis. I denne artikel argumenterer forfatterne for, at man kan begynde at se konturerne af en skifte væk fra en ensidig fokusering på ’den gode død’ og...

  13. Sequential Stereotype Priming: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidder, Ciara K; White, Katherine R; Hinojos, Michelle R; Sandoval, Mayra; Crites, Stephen L

    2017-08-01

    Psychological interest in stereotype measurement has spanned nearly a century, with researchers adopting implicit measures in the 1980s to complement explicit measures. One of the most frequently used implicit measures of stereotypes is the sequential priming paradigm. The current meta-analysis examines stereotype priming, focusing specifically on this paradigm. To contribute to ongoing discussions regarding methodological rigor in social psychology, one primary goal was to identify methodological moderators of the stereotype priming effect-whether priming is due to a relation between the prime and target stimuli, the prime and target response, participant task, stereotype dimension, stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA), and stimuli type. Data from 39 studies yielded 87 individual effect sizes from 5,497 participants. Analyses revealed that stereotype priming is significantly moderated by the presence of prime-response relations, participant task, stereotype dimension, target stimulus type, SOA, and prime repetition. These results carry both practical and theoretical implications for future research on stereotype priming.

  14. Den portugisiske koloniserings mange stemmer. António Lobo Antunes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Ingemai

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer to af den portugisiske forfatter Antonio Lobo Antunes bedst kendte værker og viser hvorledes den portugisiske kolonisering med dens mange ambivalenser og 'stemmer' her italesættes.......Artiklen analyserer to af den portugisiske forfatter Antonio Lobo Antunes bedst kendte værker og viser hvorledes den portugisiske kolonisering med dens mange ambivalenser og 'stemmer' her italesættes....

  15. Kosmetisk kirurgi og den transformérbare krop -en analyse af den amerikanske tv-serie Nip/Tuck

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jerslev, Anne

    2009-01-01

    En analyse af krops- og kønsiscenesættelser i den amerikanske tv-serie om kosmetisk kirurgi Nip/Tuck......En analyse af krops- og kønsiscenesættelser i den amerikanske tv-serie om kosmetisk kirurgi Nip/Tuck...

  16. On the Control of Single-Prime Negative Priming: The Effects of Practice and Time Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Hsuan-Fu

    2009-01-01

    Single-prime negative priming refers to the phenomenon wherein repetition of a prime as the probe target results in delayed response. Sometimes this effect has been found to be contingent on participants' unawareness of the primes, and sometimes it has not. Further, sometimes this effect has been found to be eliminated when the prime could predict…

  17. The Intervenor Effect in Masked Priming: How Does Masked Priming Survive across an Intervening Word?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forster, Kenneth I.

    2009-01-01

    Four masked priming experiments are reported investigating the effect of inserting an unrelated word between the masked prime and the target. When the intervening word is visible, identity priming is reduced to the level of one-letter-different form priming, but form priming is largely unaffected. However, when the intervening word is itself…

  18. Early dynamics of the semantic priming shift

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavigne, Frédéric; Chanquoy, Lucile; Dumercy, Laurent; Vitu, Françoise

    2013-01-01

    Semantic processing of sequences of words requires the cognitive system to keep several word meanings simultaneously activated in working memory with limited capacity. The real- time updating of the sequence of word meanings relies on dynamic changes in the associates to the words that are activated. Protocols involving two sequential primes report a semantic priming shift from larger priming of associates to the first prime to larger priming of associates to the second prime, in a range of long SOAs (stimulus-onset asynchronies) between the second prime and the target. However, the possibility for an early semantic priming shift is still to be tested, and its dynamics as a function of association strength remain unknown. Three multiple priming experiments are proposed that cross-manipulate association strength between each of two successive primes and a target, for different values of short SOAs and prime durations. Results show an early priming shift ranging from priming of associates to the first prime only to priming of strong associates to the first prime and all of the associates to the second prime. We investigated the neural basis of the early priming shift by using a network model of spike frequency adaptive cortical neurons (e.g., Deco & Rolls, 2005), able to code different association strengths between the primes and the target. The cortical network model provides a description of the early dynamics of the priming shift in terms of pro-active and retro-active interferences within populations of excitatory neurons regulated by fast and unselective inhibitory feedback. PMID:23717346

  19. Early dynamics of the semantic priming shift.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavigne, Frédéric; Chanquoy, Lucile; Dumercy, Laurent; Vitu, Françoise

    2013-01-01

    Semantic processing of sequences of words requires the cognitive system to keep several word meanings simultaneously activated in working memory with limited capacity. The real- time updating of the sequence of word meanings relies on dynamic changes in the associates to the words that are activated. Protocols involving two sequential primes report a semantic priming shift from larger priming of associates to the first prime to larger priming of associates to the second prime, in a range of long SOAs (stimulus-onset asynchronies) between the second prime and the target. However, the possibility for an early semantic priming shift is still to be tested, and its dynamics as a function of association strength remain unknown. Three multiple priming experiments are proposed that cross-manipulate association strength between each of two successive primes and a target, for different values of short SOAs and prime durations. Results show an early priming shift ranging from priming of associates to the first prime only to priming of strong associates to the first prime and all of the associates to the second prime. We investigated the neural basis of the early priming shift by using a network model of spike frequency adaptive cortical neurons (e.g., Deco & Rolls, 2005), able to code different association strengths between the primes and the target. The cortical network model provides a description of the early dynamics of the priming shift in terms of pro-active and retro-active interferences within populations of excitatory neurons regulated by fast and unselective inhibitory feedback.

  20. Religionsvetenskapen i övergången från den första till den andra moderniteten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlin, Lars

    2009-01-01

    Den tyske sociolog Ulrich Beck er optaget af overgangen fra den første til den anden modernitet. Han argumenterer for at denne overgang fører til at sociologiske kategorier som klasse og familie bliver zombie-kategorier. Det er kategorier skabt under den første modernitet men som stadigvæk er i...... brug i dag under den anden modernitet, til trods for at de er levende døde kategorier. I denne artikel argumenters for at kategorier, begreber, brugt inden for religionsvidenskaben, primært religionssociologien, også kan betragtes som zombie-kategorier. De begreber der diskuteres er religiøse...

  1. The structure factor of primes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, G.; Martelli, F.; Torquato, S.

    2018-03-01

    Although the prime numbers are deterministic, they can be viewed, by some measures, as pseudo-random numbers. In this article, we numerically study the pair statistics of the primes using statistical-mechanical methods, particularly the structure factor S(k) in an interval M ≤slant p ≤slant M + L with M large, and L/M smaller than unity. We show that the structure factor of the prime-number configurations in such intervals exhibits well-defined Bragg-like peaks along with a small ‘diffuse’ contribution. This indicates that primes are appreciably more correlated and ordered than previously thought. Our numerical results definitively suggest an explicit formula for the locations and heights of the peaks. This formula predicts infinitely many peaks in any non-zero interval, similar to the behavior of quasicrystals. However, primes differ from quasicrystals in that the ratio between the location of any two predicted peaks is rational. We also show numerically that the diffuse part decays slowly as M and L increases. This suggests that the diffuse part vanishes in an appropriate infinite-system-size limit.

  2. Endodontic, surgical and periodontal treatment of dens invaginatus. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellarin, M; Demitri, V; Politi, M

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to propose a single stage global treatment of endodontic, periapical and periodontal lesions in a lateral maxillary incisor with dens invaginatus. A 24 year-old woman presenting a lateral maxillary incisor with dens invaginatus in association with periapica1 and periodontal lesions underwent simultaneous surgical, endodontic and periodontal regenerative procedures. At 2, 6, 12, 18 months follow-up the radiographic healing appeared to be improved and the periapical lesion healed completely 1 year after surgical intervention. Surgery in association with endodontic and periodontal procedures represents the treatment of choice to maximize long term prognosis in cases of dens invaginatus with chronic periapical and periodontal lesions.

  3. Priming in Systemic Plant Immunity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Ho Won [University of Chicago; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Wang, Lin [University of Minnesota; Glazebrook, Jane [University of Minnesota; Greenberg, Jean T. [University of Chicago

    2009-01-01

    Upon local infection, plants possess inducible systemic defense responses against their natural enemies. Bacterial infection results in the accumulation to high levels of the mobile metabolite C9-dicarboxylic acid azelaic acid in the vascular sap of Arabidopsis. Azelaic acid confers local and systemic resistance against Pseudomonas syringae. The compound primes plants to strongly accumulate salicylic acid (SA), a known defense signal, upon infection. Mutation of a gene induced by azelaic acid (AZI1) results in the specific loss in plants of systemic immunity triggered by pathogen or azelaic acid and of the priming of SA induction. AZI1, a predicted secreted protein, is also important for generating vascular sap that confers disease resistance. Thus, azelaic acid and AZI1 comprise novel components of plant systemic immunity involved in priming defenses.

  4. Repetition priming in selective attention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ásgeirsson, Árni Gunnar; Kristjánsson, Árni; Bundesen, Claus

    2015-01-01

    Current behavior is influenced by events in the recent past. In visual attention, this is expressed in many varia- tions of priming effects. Here, we investigate color priming in a brief exposure digit-recognition task. Observers performed a masked odd-one-out singleton recognition taskwhere...... the target-color either repeated or changed between subsequent trials. Performance was measured by recognition accuracy over exposure durations. The purpose of the study was to replicate earlier findings of perceptual priming in brief displays and to model those results based on a Theory of Visual Attention...... by a simple four parameter model, where VSTM capacity and spatial biases of attention are ignored, or more fine-grained by a 10 parameter model that takes these aspects into account....

  5. Italy's Prime Minister visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefania Pandolfi

    2015-01-01

    On Tuesday, 7 July 2015, the Prime Minister of the Italian Republic, Matteo Renzi, visited CERN. He was accompanied by a delegation that included Italy's Minister for Education, University and Research, Stefania Giannini.   From left to right: Fernando Ferroni, President of the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN); Sergio Bertolucci, CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing; Stefania Giannini, Italy's Minister of Education, University and Research; Matteo Renzi, Prime Minister of the Italian Republic; Fabiola Gianotti, CERN Director-General Designate; Rolf Heuer, CERN Director-General.   The Prime Minister was welcomed by members of the CERN Management together with former CERN Director-General and Senator for Life of the Italian Republic, Carlo Rubbia. After a brief general introduction to CERN’s activities by Rolf Heuer, the Italian delegation visited LHC Point 1. After a tour of the ATLAS control room, they donned helmets to visit th...

  6. Oligomerizations of deoxyadenosine bis-phosphates and of their 3-prime-5-prime, 3-prime-3-prime, and 5-prime-5-prime dimers - Effects of a pyrophosphate-linked, poly(T) analog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visscher, J.; Bakker, C. G.; Schwartz, Alan W.

    1990-01-01

    The effect of a 3-prime-5-prime pyrophosphate-linked oligomer of pTp on oligomerizations of pdAp and of its 3-prime-5-prime, 3-prime-3-prime, and 5-prime-5-prime dimers was investigated, using HPLC to separate the reaction mixtures; peak detection was by absorbance monitoring at 254 nm. It was expected that the dimers would form stable complexes with the template, with the degree of stability depending upon the internal linkage of each dimer. It was found that, although the isomers differ substantially in their oligomerization behavior in the absence of template, the analog-template catalyzes the oligomerization to about the same extent in all three cases.

  7. Priming and Habituation for Faces: Individual Differences and Inversion Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieth, Cory A.; Huber, David E.

    2010-01-01

    Immediate repetition priming for faces was examined across a range of prime durations in a threshold identification task. Similar to word repetition priming results, short duration face primes produced positive priming whereas long duration face primes eliminated or reversed this effect. A habituation model of such priming effects predicted that…

  8. Instant PrimeFaces starter

    CERN Document Server

    Hlavats, Ian

    2013-01-01

    Get to grips with a new technology, understand what it is and what it can do for you, and then get to work with the most important features and tasks. Instant Primefaces Starter is a fast-paced, introductory guide designed to give you all the information you need to start using Primfaces, instantly.Instant PrimeFaces Starter is great for developers looking to get started quickly with PrimeFaces. It's assumed that you have some JSF experience already, as well as familiarity with other Java technologies such as CDI and JPA and an understanding of MVC principles, object-relational mapping (ORM),

  9. The pros and cons of masked priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forster, K I

    1998-03-01

    Masked priming paradigms offer the promise of tapping automatic, strategy-free lexical processing, as evidenced by the lack of expectancy disconfirmation effects, and proportionality effects in semantic priming experiments. But several recent findings suggest the effects may be prelexical. These findings concern nonword priming effects in lexical decision and naming, the effects of mixed-case presentation on nonword priming, and the dependence of priming on the nature of the distractors in lexical decision, suggesting possible strategy effects. The theory underlying each of these effects is discussed, and alternative explanations are developed that do not preclude a lexical basis for masked priming effects.

  10. Radiomontagen og dens radiofoniske rødder. Om hørebilledet, den litterære tekstmontage, featuren og den moderne radiomontage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ib Poulsen

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Radiomontagen og dens genrevarianter, hørebilledet og featuren har tidligere har tidligere været genstand for interesse fra især den æste- tiske og tekstanalytisk orienterede radioforskning. I denne artikel sæt- tes genren ind i en bredere kontekst, sociokulturelt og medie- og insti- tutionshistorisk. Ledetrådene i den diakrone fremstilling er dels spørgs- målet om genrens historiske og genremæssige rødder, dels en kombi- neret tekstanalytisk og receptionsæstetisk tilgang, der søger at ind- kredse de positioneringer af lytteren, radiomontagen og dens varianter tilbyder. Artiklen er baseret på grundige arkivstudier i DR og på inter- views med nogle af de ’montører’, som har bidraget til udviklingen af montagen, der i kraft af sin radiofoniske spændvidde mest vedholdende og varieret har forsøgt at udforske menneskets livssituation i den moder- ne verden, samtidig med at lytteren er blevet tilbudt en lytteposition, der prioriterer refleksion og eftertanke.

  11. An adenovirus prime/plasmid boost strategy for induction of equipotent immune responses to two dengue virus serotypes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swaminathan Sathyamangalam

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dengue is a public health problem of global significance for which there is neither an effective antiviral therapy nor a preventive vaccine. It is a mosquito-borne viral disease, caused by dengue (DEN viruses, which are members of the Flaviviridae family. There are four closely related serotypes, DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4, each of which is capable of causing disease. As immunity to any one serotype can potentially sensitize an individual to severe disease during exposure to a heterologous serotype, the general consensus is that an effective vaccine should be tetravalent, that is, it must be capable of affording protection against all four serotypes. The current strategy of creating tetravalent vaccine formulations by mixing together four monovalent live attenuated vaccine viruses has revealed the phenomenon of viral interference leading to the manifestation of immune responses biased towards a single serotype. Results This work stems from the emergence of (i the DEN virus envelope (E domain III (EDIII as the most important region of the molecule from a vaccine perspective and (ii the adenovirus (Ad as a promising vaccine vector platform. We describe the construction of a recombinant, replication-defective Ad (rAd vector encoding a chimeric antigen made of in-frame linked EDIIIs of DEN virus serotypes 2 and 4. Using this rAd vector, in conjunction with a plasmid vector encoding the same chimeric bivalent antigen, in a prime-boost strategy, we show that it is possible to elicit equipotent neutralizing and T cell responses specific to both DEN serotypes 2 and 4. Conclusion Our data support the hypothesis that a DEN vaccine targeting more than one serotype may be based on a single DNA-based vector to circumvent viral interference. This work lays the foundation for developing a single Ad vector encoding EDIIIs of all four DEN serotypes to evoke a balanced immune response against each one of them. Thus, this work has

  12. Auf den Schultern von Riesen und Zwergen Einsteins unvollendete Revolution

    CERN Document Server

    Renn, Jürgen

    2006-01-01

    Dies ist die Geschichte von Einsteins unvollendeter Revolution, einer tiefgreifenden Veränderung unserer Begriffe von Raum, Zeit, Materie und Strahlung. Diese Revolution begann in Einsteins Wunderjahr 1905, wurde durch seine allgemeine Relativitätstheorie aus dem Jahre 1915 fortgesetzt und wirkt in den heutigen Versuchen der Wissenschaft, die Entstehung und das Schicksal des Universums zu verstehen, weiter. Vor dem Hintergrund einer historischen Theorie des wissenschaftlichen Fortschritts wird Einsteins bis heute nicht abgeschlossene Revolution als das Ergebnis einer langfristigen Entwicklung des Wissens verständlich. Anhand der spannenden Geschichte von Einsteins Entdeckungen wird nachvollziehbar, warum große Denker wie Einstein weiter gesehen haben als ihre Vorgänger. Sie standen nicht nur auf den Schultern von Riesen, also den wissenschaftlichen Leistungen einzelner großer Vorgänger wie Newton, sondern auch auf den Schultern von "Zwergen", dem wissenschaftlichen Wissen, dem technischen Wissen, und d...

  13. Vidensledelse og den sociale dimension i deling af viden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauring, Jakob

    2004-01-01

    imidlertid et alternativt syn på viden som i højere grad inddrager den sociale dimension ved vidensdeling - den socialkonstruktivistiske opfattelse. I denne artikel vil jeg beskæftige mig med den socialkonstruktivistiske opfattelse af viden og beskrive, hvorledes denne synsvinkel kan rette fokus mod nogle...... meget væsentlige problemstillinger ved organisatorisk adfærd, som man ofte kommer til at ignorere, hvis man i for høj grad baserer ledelsen på en funktionalistisk opfattelse af viden. Delingen af viden er en aktuel udfordring for anvendelse af viden i forretningssammenhæng. Det er hovedsageligt det, som...... gør vidensbegrebet interessant i forhold til ledelse af virksomheder. - Fokus på de sociale barrierer for deling af viden Jeg vil i det kommende illustrere, hvilke betydninger den sociale dimension i deling af viden kan have for videnledelse. Det vil jeg gøre gennem beskrivelser af to forskellige...

  14. The activation of semantic memory: effects of prime exposure, prime-target relationship, and task demands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bueno, Steve; Frenck-Mestre, Cheryl

    2008-06-01

    Priming facilitation was examined under conditions of brief incremental prime exposures (28, 43, 71, and 199 msec) under masked conditions for two types of lexical relationships (associative-semantic pairs, such as "wolf-fox," and semantic-feature pairs, such as "whale-dolphin") and in two tasks (primed lexical decision and semantic categorization). The results of eight experiments revealed, first, that priming elicits faster response times for semantic-feature pairs. The associative-semantic pairs produced priming only at the longer prime exposures. Second, priming was observed earlier for semantic categorization than for the lexical decision task, in which priming was observed only at the longer stimulus onset asynchronies. Finally, our results allowed us to discredit the congruency hypothesis, according to which priming is due to a common categorical response for the prime and target words. The implications of these results for current theories of semantic priming are discussed.

  15. Uddrag af Ph.d.-afhandlingen Den groteske modernisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lübker, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Om forholdet mellem "det groteske" og "den groteske modernisme" eksemplificeret i en læsning af E.A. Poes "The Fall of the House of Usher" og flere af Francis Bacons malerier.......Om forholdet mellem "det groteske" og "den groteske modernisme" eksemplificeret i en læsning af E.A. Poes "The Fall of the House of Usher" og flere af Francis Bacons malerier....

  16. Den danske stat og det naturlige fædreland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glenthøj, Rasmus

    2007-01-01

    forsøgte på engang at være loyale over for både det statsborgerlige fædreland, der inkluderede hele den danske stat, og deres naturlige fædreland Norge, som de følte sig forbundet til gennem deres nationalitet og opvækst. Danskerne opererede med den samme dualistiske fædrelandsopfattelse, hvor de både...

  17. Nonsurgical management of two unusual cases of dens in dente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta R

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The management of two unusual cases of dens invaginatus in a maxillary and a mandibular lateral incisor with a periradicular lesion are reported. The patient presented with pain and localized swelling. Despite the complex anatomy and diagnosis of dens invaginatus, nonsurgical root canal treatment was performed successfully. Furthermore essential clinical considerations and treatment options are suggested. Early diagnosis and management are important to avoid complications.

  18. Dens invaginatus: review, relevance, and report of 3 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Suleman Abbas; Khan, Saima Yunus; Bains, Vivek K; Bains, Rhythm; Loomba, Kapil

    2012-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a rare developmental morphoanatomical variation resulting from the infolding of the dental papilla before biological mineralization that allows the invagination of inner dental epithelium. Permanent maxillary lateral incisors are most commonly affected, and the condition is frequently bilateral, but it may also prevail in permanent maxillary central incisors. The purpose of this paper was to provide an overview of the etiopathogenesis, frequency of occurrence, and clinical and radiographic features and to discuss 3 dens invaginatus cases.

  19. CIOs mangler fundamentale egenskaber for at lede den digitale transformation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn-Andersen, Niels

    2016-01-01

    CIOs er dårligt rustet til at gå i spidsen for digital disruption og innovation, advarer den internationale topforsker Joe Peppard med afsæt i analyse af mere end 200 CIO-s personligheder......CIOs er dårligt rustet til at gå i spidsen for digital disruption og innovation, advarer den internationale topforsker Joe Peppard med afsæt i analyse af mere end 200 CIO-s personligheder...

  20. On primes in Lucas sequences

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Křížek, Michal; Somer, L.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 53, č. 1 (2015), s. 2-23 ISSN 0015-0517 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA14-02067S Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Lucas sequence * primes Subject RIV: BA - General Math ematics http://www.fq. math .ca/Abstracts/53-1/somer.pdf

  1. Prime Suspect, Second Row Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laird, Ellen A.

    2011-01-01

    His father had been hacked to death in his own bed with an ax the previous November. His mother was similarly brutalized and left for dead with her husband but survived. On the last Monday of that August, after several months and many investigative twists, turns, and fumbles, there sat the son--the prime suspect--in Ellen Laird's literature class,…

  2. Prime Conspiracies in the Classroom

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Oliver and Soundararajan have recently discov- ered an unexpected bias in the distribution of prime numbers. Interestingly, the authors em- barked on this research after hearing about a counter-intuitive result obtained upon compar- ison of two elementary coin tossing experiments. This article describes these experiments ...

  3. Cross-Modal Semantic Priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabossi, Patrizia

    1996-01-01

    Describes the cross-modal semantic priming paradigm, including its underlying rationale and the different tasks with which it is combined. Introduces the type of stimuli used and the dependent and independent variables typically manipulated; discusses the paradigm's main advantages and drawbacks; and considers its most important areas of…

  4. On primes in Lucas sequences

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Křížek, Michal; Somer, L.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 53, č. 1 (2015), s. 2-23 ISSN 0015-0517 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA14-02067S Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Lucas sequence * primes Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://www.fq.math.ca/Abstracts/53-1/somer.pdf

  5. Triple dens invaginatus in a single tooth: Rarest of rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chhina, Amandeep; Chhina, Kamalpreet; Kaushal, Nitin; Walia, Ira

    2017-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a rare malformation affecting the teeth. The teeth that are most commonly affected are the permanent maxillary lateral incisors. The mandibular posterior teeth are rarely affected by dens invaginatus. In most of the cases, a single dens invaginatus is seen affecting the tooth. Cases of double dens invaginatus affecting a single tooth are rare, and those of triple dens invaginatus in a single tooth are even rarer. Here, we present a case of a 14-year-old where three dens invaginatus were seen in the mandibular second premolar. This is the fourth case of three dens invaginatus in a single tooth as only three have been reported previously.

  6. Diagnosis and management of a maxillary lateral incisor exhibiting dens invaginatus and dens evaginatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akers, Harry Francis; Henderson, Carolyn Mary; Foley, Michael Anthony

    2014-04-01

    This case report, involving an indigenous Australian, presents the diagnosis and non-surgical endodontic management of a 22 with developmental abnormalities. They include a dens evaginatus and a dens invaginatus that extends to an apical burst in a second truncated root. Cone-beam computed tomography and endodontic microscopy were not available to the clinician. This case report focuses on ambiguities appearing in the literature relating to classification and terminology associated with the abovementioned developmental anomalies. It also demonstrates the need to methodically collect and cautiously interpret available information before initiating endodontic intervention. Axial inclination, distance perception, internal demarcation and spatial awareness, together with an understanding of dental anatomy, embryology and histology and associated physiology and pathology, allowed the clinician to accurately predict the point, the angle and the depth of coronal access. Sensibility of the dentino-pulpal complex was maintained. Critical thinking, experience, innovation, problem-solving and established principles can compensate for inaccessible technologies. © 2014 Australian Society of Endodontology.

  7. Femmes et représentation au Pakistan : voix d'en bas et voix d'en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Femmes et représentation au Pakistan : voix d'en bas et voix d'en haut. L'initiative Gouvernance démocratique, droits des femmes et égalité entre les sexes du CRDI appuie un ensemble de recherches comparatives visant à déterminer si les institutions de démocratie et de gouvernance tiennent compte des droits des ...

  8. Three-Step priming in lexical decision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chwilla, D.J.; Kolk, H.H.J.

    2002-01-01

    In two experiments, we investigated mediated two-step priming (e.g., from lion to stripes via tiger) and three-step priming (e.g., from mane to stripes via lion and tiger). Experiment 1 showed robust two-step priming in the double lexical decision task. In Experiment 2, we tested for three-step

  9. Affective Priming with Associatively Acquired Valence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguado, Luis; Pierna, Manuel; Saugar, Cristina

    2005-01-01

    Three experiments explored the effect of affectively congruent or incongruent primes on evaluation responses to positive or negative valenced targets (the "affective priming" effect). Experiment 1 replicated the basic affective priming effect with Spanish nouns: reaction time for evaluative responses (pleasant/unpleasant) were slower on…

  10. Structural priming, action planning, and grammar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Maryellen C; Weiss, Daniel J

    2017-01-01

    Structural priming is poorly understood and cannot inform accounts of grammar for two reasons. First, those who view performance as grammar + processing will always be able to attribute psycholinguistic data to processing rather than grammar. Second, structural priming may be simply an example of hysteresis effects in general action planning. If so, then priming offers no special insight into grammar.

  11. Affective Priming with Auditory Speech Stimuli

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degner, Juliane

    2011-01-01

    Four experiments explored the applicability of auditory stimulus presentation in affective priming tasks. In Experiment 1, it was found that standard affective priming effects occur when prime and target words are presented simultaneously via headphones similar to a dichotic listening procedure. In Experiment 2, stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) was…

  12. Affective priming with auditory speech stimuli

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Degner, J.

    2011-01-01

    Four experiments explored the applicability of auditory stimulus presentation in affective priming tasks. In Experiment 1, it was found that standard affective priming effects occur when prime and target words are presented simultaneously via headphones similar to a dichotic listening procedure. In

  13. Spatial priming in ecologically relevant reference frames.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tower-Richardi, Sarah M; Leber, Andrew B; Golomb, Julie D

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, researchers have observed many phenomena demonstrating how the visual system exploits spatial regularities in the environment in order to benefit behavior. In this paper, we question whether spatial priming can be considered one such phenomenon. Spatial priming is defined as a response time facilitation to a visual search target when its spatial position has been repeated in recent trials (Maljkovic & Nakayama, 1996, Perception & Psychophysics, 58, 977-991). Does this priming serve a behaviorally adaptive role or is it merely a byproduct of ongoing visual processing? Critically, an adaptive priming mechanism must actively transform visual inputs from native retinotopic (eye-centered) coordinates into ecologically relevant coordinates, e.g., spatiotopic (world-centered) and/or object-centered. In Experiment 1, we tested this hypothesis by having participants move their eyes between trials, which dissociated retinotopic and spatiotopic frames of reference. Results showed only weak retinotopic priming, but robust spatiotopic priming. The second experiment again had participants move their eyes between trials but also manipulated the placement of a grouped array of display objects from trial to trial. This allowed us to measure not just retinotopic and spatiotopic priming, but object-centered priming as well. Results from this experiment did not yield retinotopic priming but showed robust spatiotopic and object-centered priming. These findings demonstrate that spatial priming operates within ecologically relevant coordinate systems, and the findings support the notion that spatial priming serves an adaptive role in human behavior.

  14. Structural Priming and Second Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Jeong-Ah; Christianson, Kiel

    2012-01-01

    Structural priming (or syntactic priming) is a speaker's tendency to reuse the same structural pattern as one that was previously encountered (Bock, 1986). This study investigated (a) whether the implicit learning processes involved in long-lag structural priming lead to differential second language (L2) improvement in producing two structural…

  15. Priming methods in semantics and pragmatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maldonado, Mora; Spector, Benjamin; Chemla, Emmanuel

    2017-01-01

    Structural priming is a powerful method to inform linguistic theories. We argue that this method extends nicely beyond syntax to theories of meaning. Priming, however, should still be seen as only one of the tools available for linguistic data collection. Specifically, because priming can occur at different, potentially conflicting levels, it cannot detect every aspect of linguistic representations.

  16. Sandwich Priming: A Method for Overcoming the Limitations of Masked Priming by Reducing Lexical Competitor Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupker, Stephen J.; Davis, Colin J.

    2009-01-01

    An orthographically similar masked nonword prime facilitates responding in a lexical decision task (Forster & Davis, 1984). Recently, this masked priming paradigm has been used to evaluate models of orthographic coding--models that attempt to quantify prime-target similarity. One general finding is that priming effects often do not occur when…

  17. French Prime Minister tours CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2012-01-01

    On 30 July, Jean-Marc Ayrault, the Prime Minister of the French Republic, and Geneviève Fioraso, the Minister of Higher Education and Research, visited the Laboratory.   After being met by the Director-General at LHC Point 5, they visited the CMS control centre and experiment cavern, and got a glimpse of the LHC tunnel at Point 5. The visit ended with a round-table discussion with French and other international members of CERN’s scientific community. During the discussion, the Prime Minister reaffirmed that “support for fundamental research has to be maintained, and France must continue to invest in education, research and innovation.” He also paid tribute to CERN's role in international cooperation, which he qualified as “a fine example of science without borders.”

  18. Maglev ready for prime time.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rote, D. M.; Johnson, L. R.; Energy Systems

    2003-01-01

    Putting Maglev on Track' (Issues, Spring 1990) observed that growing airline traffic and associated delays were already significant and predicted that they would worsen. The article argued that a 300-mile-per-hour (mph) magnetic levitation (maglev) system integrated into airport and airline operations could be a part of the solution. Maglev was not ready for prime time in 1990, but it is now.

  19. The distribution of prime numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatsuba, A. A.

    1990-10-01

    CONTENTS Introduction Chapter I. The Riemann zeta-function and its connection with primes § 1. Definition of \\zeta(s) and Euler's identity § 2. Continuation of \\zeta(s) to the half-plane \\operatorname{Re} s > 0 § 3. Continuation of \\zeta(s) to the whole plane § 4. Functional properties of \\zeta(s) and \\xi(s) § 5. Zeros of \\zeta(s) and primes § 6. Elementary theorems on the complex zeros of \\zeta(s) § 7. Theorems of de la Vallée Poussin § 8. Elementary consequences of the Riemann hypothesis Notes Chapter II. Approximate functional equations for \\zeta(s) § 1. An approximation of an exponential sum by a sum of integrals § 2. An asymptotic calculation for a class of exponential integrals § 3. An approximation of an exponential sum by a shorter one § 4. Approximate functional equations for \\zeta(s) Notes Chapter III. Vinogradov's method in the theory of the Riemann zeta-function § 1. The mean-value of a power of the modulus of an exponential sum § 2. Simple lemmas § 3. The main recurrence inequality § 4. Vinogradov's mean-value theorem § 5. An estimate for a zeta-sum and its consequences § 6. The current boundary of the zero-free region and some consequences Notes Chapter IV. A zero-density theorem and primes in short intervals § 1. Auxiliary lemmas § 2. A zero-density theorem § 3. Primes in short intervals Notes Appendix References

  20. Controllability, Bezoutian and relative primeness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. N. Datta

    1980-01-01

    Full Text Available Let f(x and g(x be two polynomials of degree n. Then it is well-known that the Bezoutian matrix Bfg associated with f(x and g(x is nonsingular if and only if f(x and g(x are relatively prime. We give an alternative proof of this result. The proof is based on a result on controllability derived in this note.

  1. Replicable effects of primes on human behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, B Keith; Brown-Iannuzzi, Jazmin L; Loersch, Chris

    2016-10-01

    [Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported online in Journal of Experimental Psychology: General on Oct 31 2016 (see record 2016-52334-001). ] The effect of primes (i.e., incidental cues) on human behavior has become controversial. Early studies reported counterintuitive findings, suggesting that primes can shape a wide range of human behaviors. Recently, several studies failed to replicate some earlier priming results, raising doubts about the reliability of those effects. We present a within-subjects procedure for priming behavior, in which participants decide whether to bet or pass on each trial of a gambling game. We report 6 replications (N = 988) showing that primes consistently affected gambling decisions when the decision was uncertain. Decisions were influenced by primes presented visibly, with a warning to ignore the primes (Experiments 1 through 3) and with subliminally presented masked primes (Experiment 4). Using a process dissociation procedure, we found evidence that primes influenced responses through both automatic and controlled processes (Experiments 5 and 6). Results provide evidence that primes can reliably affect behavior, under at least some conditions, without intention. The findings suggest that the psychological question of whether behavior priming effects are real should be separated from methodological issues affecting how easily particular experimental designs will replicate. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved

  2. Management of dens invaginatus type III with large periradicular lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falcao, Luciana de Souza; de Freitas, Priscila Sousa; Marreiro, Raquel de Oliveira; Garrido, Angela Delfina Bittencourt

    2012-01-01

    This study describes a clinical case of type III dens invaginatus with an extensive periradicular lesion treated successfully. Dens invaginatus is a maldevelopment of the dental germ which occurs as a result of the invagination of the enamel organ. These cases may present difficulties with respect to its diagnosis and treatment because of canal morphology. The success of endodontic therapy requires a knowledge of dental anatomy and its anomalies. A 17-year-old female patient is reported presenting right maxillary lateral incisor (tooth no. 7) classified as type III dens invaginatus with necrotic pulp and presence of an extensive radiolucid lesion. Endodontic treatment was recommended for tooth. However, intracanal exudate was present, suggesting a resistant infection. Enucleation of the lesion was performed as a complementary approach. The root canal obturation was carried out by the gutta-percha thermoplastification technique with root canal sealer, followed by restoration of the tooth. Healing of the lesion with hard tissue formation was confirmed at follow-up. A combination of endodontic and surgical treatments were fundamental to the maintenance of the tooth. The treatment was considered successful. Root canal therapy of dens invaginatus should be based on a thorough clinical and radiographic evaluation. The knowledge of classification and anatomical variations of teeth with dens invaginatus are of great importance for correct treatment.

  3. American black bear denning behavior: Observations and applications using remote photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridges, A.S.; Fox, J.A.; Olfenbuttel, C.; Vaughan, M.B.

    2004-01-01

    Researchers examining American black bear (Ursus americanus) denning behavior have relied primarily on den-site visitation and radiotelemetry to gather data. Repeated den-site visits are time-intensive and may disturb denning bears, possibly causing den abandonment, whereas radiotelemetry is sufficient only to provide gross data on den emergence. We used remote cameras to examine black bear denning behavior in the Allegheny Mountains of western Virginia during March-May 2003. We deployed cameras at 10 den sites and used 137 pictures of black bears. Adult female black bears exhibited greater extra-den activity than we expected prior to final den emergence, which occurred between April 12 and May 6, 2003. Our technique provided more accurate den-emergence estimation than previously published methodologies. Additionally, we observed seldom-documented behaviors associated with den exits and estimated cub age at den emergence. Remote cameras can provide unique insights into denning ecology, and we describe their potential application to reproductive, survival, and behavioral research.

  4. The Role of Representation Strength of the Prime in Subliminal Visuomotor Priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yongchun; Wang, Yonghui; Liu, Peng; Di, Meilin; Gong, Yanyan; Tan, Mengge

    2017-11-01

    This study investigated the role of representation strength of the prime in subliminal visuomotor priming in two experiments. Prime/target compatibility (compatible and incompatible) and preposed object type (jumbled lines, strong masking; and rectangular outlines, weak masking) were manipulated in Experiment 1. A significant negative compatibility effect (NCE) was observed in the rectangle condition, whereas no compatibility effect was found in the line condition. However, when a new variable, prime duration, was introduced in Experiment 2, the NCE was reversed with an increase in the prime duration in the rectangle condition, whereas the NCE was maintained in the line condition. This result is consistent with the claim that increasing the prime duration causes the prime representation to be too strong for inhibition in the rectangle condition but strong enough to reliably trigger inhibition in the line condition. The findings demonstrated that prime representation has a causal role in subliminal visuomotor priming.

  5. Fra 1800-tals familie til den moderne familie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Mogens

    2004-01-01

    Sociologer som Talcot Parsons og William J. Goode mente, at konsekvensen af industrialiseringen også ville blive en indskrænkning af intimiteten og kontakten mellem kernefamilien og den øvrige slægt. En lang række af de funktioner, der blev varetaget af familie og slægt, blev overtaget af det...... omgivende samfund (fx børnenes uddannelse og alderdomsforsørgelsen). Nutidens samfund med en høj geografisk og social mobilitet skulle ydermere bidrage til en isolation af kernefamilien i forhold til den øvrige slægt. Andre sociologer fremhæver den individuelle frihed, som denne udvikling medfører for de...

  6. INTEGRAL entdeckt den Gamma-Himmel: Gamma-Astronomie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schönfelder, Volker

    2004-11-01

    Das Gamma-Weltraumteleskop INTEGRAL der Europäischen Weltraumbehörde, ESA, hat in den ersten 15 Monaten seiner Mission eine Fülle interessanter, neuer Ergebnisse geliefert. Hauptinstrumente an Bord sind das hoch auflösende Spektrometer SPI und das Spektrometer IBIS. Hinzu kommt je ein Monitor für den Röntgen- und optischen Bereich. Die wichtigsten neuen Erkenntnisse stammen vor allem aus dem Bereich harter kompakter Röntgenquellen und aus dem Bereich der Gammalinien-Spektroskopie. Mit INTEGRAL wurde es erstmals möglich, den diffusen galaktischen Hintergrund zum Teil mit Einzelquellen identifizieren zu können. Ferner ließ sich in der Umgebung des galaktischen Zentrums die 511-keV-Linie von annihilierenden Positronen und Elektronen nachweisen. Schließlich trägt INTEGRAL auch entscheidend zum Studium der geheimnisvollen Gamma Ray Bursts bei.

  7. A rare case of dens invaginatus in a mandibular canine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Roy; Moule, Alexander J; Walsh, Laurence J

    2010-08-01

    Dens invaginatus (dens in dente) is a common dental anomaly with a reported prevalence of between 0.04% and 10%. It typically affects permanent maxillary lateral incisors, central incisors and premolars. These developmental lesions are less common in mandibular teeth and are extremely rare in canines and molars. This report describes a rare case of dens invaginatus (Oehlers type II) in a permanent mandibular canine. The tooth was mature with a closed apex and showed apical pathosis. The tooth was treated endodontically using a non-surgical technique with hand endodontic files, and then followed up after a period of 8 months. A follow-up radiograph showed some healing of the lesion.

  8. Wrath of God: religious primes and punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, Ryan; Efferson, Charles; Whitehouse, Harvey; Fehr, Ernst

    2011-06-22

    Recent evidence indicates that priming participants with religious concepts promotes prosocial sharing behaviour. In the present study, we investigated whether religious priming also promotes the costly punishment of unfair behaviour. A total of 304 participants played a punishment game. Before the punishment stage began, participants were subliminally primed with religion primes, secular punishment primes or control primes. We found that religious primes strongly increased the costly punishment of unfair behaviours for a subset of our participants--those who had previously donated to a religious organization. We discuss two proximate mechanisms potentially underpinning this effect. The first is a 'supernatural watcher' mechanism, whereby religious participants punish unfair behaviours when primed because they sense that not doing so will enrage or disappoint an observing supernatural agent. The second is a 'behavioural priming' mechanism, whereby religious primes activate cultural norms pertaining to fairness and its enforcement and occasion behaviour consistent with those norms. We conclude that our results are consistent with dual inheritance proposals about religion and cooperation, whereby religions harness the byproducts of genetically inherited cognitive mechanisms in ways that enhance the survival prospects of their adherents.

  9. Arkitektur og plan i den danske velfærdsby 1950-1990

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Poul Bæk

    2005-01-01

    Den danske arkitektur- og planhistorie fra 1950 til 1990 'genskrives' i denne bog ud fra et sammenhængende arkitektur- og byperspektiv. Afsættet er en typologisk forståelse af den danske by, der rummer både den historiske by og de nyere bydele.......Den danske arkitektur- og planhistorie fra 1950 til 1990 'genskrives' i denne bog ud fra et sammenhængende arkitektur- og byperspektiv. Afsættet er en typologisk forståelse af den danske by, der rummer både den historiske by og de nyere bydele....

  10. A paradox of syntactic priming: Why response tendencies show priming for passives, and response latencies show priming for actives

    OpenAIRE

    Segaert, K.; Menenti, L.; Weber, K.; Hagoort, P.

    2011-01-01

    Speakers tend to repeat syntactic structures across sentences, a phenomenon called syntactic priming. Although it has been suggested that repeating syntactic structures should result in speeded responses, previous research has focused on effects in response tendencies. We investigated syntactic priming effects simultaneously in response tendencies and response latencies for active and passive transitive sentences in a picture description task. In Experiment 1, there were priming effects in re...

  11. Dauerquadrat-Untersuchungen in den Allgäuer Alpen

    OpenAIRE

    Runge, Fritz

    1988-01-01

    ln den Jahren 1977-1983 wurden in den Alpen südlich von Oberstdorf/Allgäu 5 Dauerquadrate eingerichtet. Sie lagen in einer Schwemmlingsflur, in einem Alpenrosen-Gebüsch, in einer Alpendost-Hochstaudenflur bzw. einem Geißbart-Schluchtwald, in einem Grünerlen-Busch und einem Silberblatt-Scluchtwald. Die Änderungen der Vegetation dieser in 840 bis 1755 m Höhe gelegenen Dauerboebachtungsflächen sind in 5 Tabellen dokumentiert. Between 1977 and 1983 five permanent plots were established at 840 ...

  12. Die Umweltschäden und Entsorgungsprobleme des russischen Nuklearkomplexes

    OpenAIRE

    Kronfeld-Goharani, Ulrike

    2002-01-01

    "Als Nachfolgestaat der ehemaligen Sowjetunion mit ihrer gigantischen Nuklearindustrie zählt Russland heute zu den Ländern, in denen sich große Mengen Nuklearmüll angereichert haben und einzelne Regionen des Landes von radioaktiven Kontaminationen besonders stark betroffen sind. Ungeachtet dessen änderte im Juni 2001 das russische Parlament das Umweltgesetz, um verbrauchten Nuklearbrennstoff aus dem Ausland in großen Mengen zu importieren. Während Befürworter der Gesetzesänderungen den Import...

  13. Kurz zum Klima: Zu viel Salz verdirbt den Boden

    OpenAIRE

    Zimmer, Markus; Lippelt, Jana; Frank, Jonas

    2012-01-01

    Der zunehmende Einsatz von Anlagen zur Bewässerung sowie mangelnde Erfahrungswerte und Unkenntnis über den richtigen Einsatz der künstlichen Bewässerung haben in den letzten Jahrzehnten zu einer massiven Zunahme der Versalzung des Bodens geführt. Durch diese Bodenversalzung werden weite Flächen für die Landwirtschaft unbrauchbar. Sie sind nur durch hohen Aufwand und Kosten wieder renaturierbar. Der Beitrag in der Reihe »Kurz zum Klima« gibt einen Überblick über die Versalzung in Anbaugebiet...

  14. Facial Cellulitis Arising from Dens Evaginatus: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun-Ming Chen

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Dens evaginatus is a developmental anomaly that produces a tubercle on the occlusal surface of a tooth. It is found most frequently in the mandibular premolars. The occlusal tubercle easily causes occlusal interferences. Attrition or fracture of the tubercle can lead to pulpitis, pulp necrosis, periapical pathosis, and periapical infection. This case report illustrates the treatment of facial cellulitis arising from dens evaginatus with open apex. Calcium hydroxide was used for the apexification procedure. One year after canal obturation, radiography revealed no apical pathosis and the apical seal was evident.

  15. Financial Inclusion: Reformen in den Bereichen Verbraucherschutz und finanzielle Allgemeinbildung

    OpenAIRE

    Christa Hainz

    2011-01-01

    Nicht zuletzt der Mangel an wirksamer Offenlegung von Informationen und irreführende Werbung auf Seiten der Anbieter sowie mangelndes Verständnis bezüglich Finanzprodukten auf Seiten der Konsumenten trugen dazu bei, dass der Markt für Subprime-Hypotheken in den USA zusammenbrach. Eine Verbesserung dieses institutionellen Umfelds sollte deshalb dazu dienen, derart negative Entwicklungen in der Zukunft zu verhindern. Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick, welche Industrieländer Reformen in den Berei...

  16. APEXIFICATION OF A TOOTH WITH DENS INVAGINATUS (A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Epita Sarah Pane

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation of teeth. A successful treatment of a maxillary lateral with dens invaginatus extending to mid root area, incomplete apical closure and large apical radiolucency will be presented. Sixteen months apexification with calcium hydroxide dressing was effective in resolving the problem after ultrasonic debridement, sodium hypochlorite irrigation. A 6-month recall radiograph is presented showing successful healing of the periapical lesion. Conventional endodontic treatment with calcium hydroxide apexification showed a favourable healing and will enhance the prognosis of the tooth.

  17. GULag-konference i Landstingssalen, Christiansborg, den 25. september 2012

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederichsen, Kim; Fledelius, Karsten; Foverskov, Carl Erik

    2012-01-01

    Artikel med referater af indlæg på og samlet vurdering af konference afholdt på Christiansborg om GULag, de sovjetiske KZ-lejre i Stalin-tiden arrangeret af Den Danske Helsinki-Komité for menneskerettigheder, Dansk-Russisk Forening og gulag.dk......Artikel med referater af indlæg på og samlet vurdering af konference afholdt på Christiansborg om GULag, de sovjetiske KZ-lejre i Stalin-tiden arrangeret af Den Danske Helsinki-Komité for menneskerettigheder, Dansk-Russisk Forening og gulag.dk...

  18. Radicular Dens Invaginatus: Report of a Rare Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beena, V. T.; Sivakumar, R.; Heera, R.; Rajeev, R.; Choudhary, Kanaram; Panda, Swagatika

    2012-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly resulting from invagination of a portion of crown forming within the enamel organ during odontogenesis. The invagination ranges from a slight pitting (coronal type) to an anomaly occupying most of the crown and root (radicular type). Although a clinical examination may reveal a deep fissure or pit on the surface of an anterior tooth, radiographic examination is the most realistic way to diagnose the invagination. The objective of this case presentation is to report a rare case of radicular dens in dente, which is a rare dental anomaly. PMID:22900211

  19. Nonsurgical endodontic treatment of type II dens invaginatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    MA, Rajini; Kaiwar, Anjali; N, Meena; Kumari R, Anitha; Shetty, Ashish; DN, Naveen; N, Shubhashini

    2009-01-01

    The endodontic treatment of teeth with dens invaginatus, characterized by an infolding of enamel and dentin, extending deep into the pulp cavity near the root apex, may be complicated and challenging. The complexity of the internal anatomy may create challenges for the complete removal of diseased pulpal tissue and the subsequent sealing of the canal system. Because of the bizarre root canal anatomy and widely open apex, a combination of nonsurgical and surgical endodontic treatment or extraction is the most common choice of therapy. This article describes case reports of nonsurgical endodontic treatment of Type II dens invaginatus associated with periradicular lesion. PMID:20617071

  20. Radicular Dens Invaginatus: Report of a Rare Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. T. Beena

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly resulting from invagination of a portion of crown forming within the enamel organ during odontogenesis. The invagination ranges from a slight pitting (coronal type to an anomaly occupying most of the crown and root (radicular type. Although a clinical examination may reveal a deep fissure or pit on the surface of an anterior tooth, radiographic examination is the most realistic way to diagnose the invagination. The objective of this case presentation is to report a rare case of radicular dens in dente, which is a rare dental anomaly.

  1. Multiple Phenotypic Changes Define Neutrophil Priming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miralda, Irina; Uriarte, Silvia M.; McLeish, Kenneth R.

    2017-01-01

    Exposure to pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, mitochondrial contents, and bacterial and viral products induces neutrophils to transition from a basal state into a primed one, which is currently defined as an enhanced response to activating stimuli. Although, typically associated with enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by the NADPH oxidase, primed neutrophils show enhanced responsiveness of exocytosis, NET formation, and chemotaxis. Phenotypic changes associated with priming also include activation of a subset of functions, including adhesion, transcription, metabolism, and rate of apoptosis. This review summarizes the breadth of phenotypic changes associated with priming and reviews current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms behind those changes. We conclude that the current definition of priming is too restrictive. Priming represents a combination of enhanced responsiveness and activated functions that regulate both adaptive and innate immune responses. PMID:28611952

  2. Multiple Phenotypic Changes Define Neutrophil Priming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Miralda

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Exposure to pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, mitochondrial contents, and bacterial and viral products induces neutrophils to transition from a basal state into a primed one, which is currently defined as an enhanced response to activating stimuli. Although, typically associated with enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS by the NADPH oxidase, primed neutrophils show enhanced responsiveness of exocytosis, NET formation, and chemotaxis. Phenotypic changes associated with priming also include activation of a subset of functions, including adhesion, transcription, metabolism, and rate of apoptosis. This review summarizes the breadth of phenotypic changes associated with priming and reviews current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms behind those changes. We conclude that the current definition of priming is too restrictive. Priming represents a combination of enhanced responsiveness and activated functions that regulate both adaptive and innate immune responses.

  3. Multiple Phenotypic Changes Define Neutrophil Priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miralda, Irina; Uriarte, Silvia M; McLeish, Kenneth R

    2017-01-01

    Exposure to pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, mitochondrial contents, and bacterial and viral products induces neutrophils to transition from a basal state into a primed one, which is currently defined as an enhanced response to activating stimuli. Although, typically associated with enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by the NADPH oxidase, primed neutrophils show enhanced responsiveness of exocytosis, NET formation, and chemotaxis. Phenotypic changes associated with priming also include activation of a subset of functions, including adhesion, transcription, metabolism, and rate of apoptosis. This review summarizes the breadth of phenotypic changes associated with priming and reviews current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms behind those changes. We conclude that the current definition of priming is too restrictive. Priming represents a combination of enhanced responsiveness and activated functions that regulate both adaptive and innate immune responses.

  4. Some identities involving primes | Liu | Quaestiones Mathematicae

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The main purpose of this paper is to use the analytic methods and the properties of Gauss sums to study some classical problem related to a prime p. We shall give some new identities involving a prime p, one of which is that if prime p = 6k + 1, then there exist three positive integers x, y and z such that p2 = x2 +y2 +z2.

  5. Complex architecture of primes and natural numbers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Pérez, Guillermo; Serrano, M Ángeles; Boguñá, Marián

    2014-08-01

    Natural numbers can be divided in two nonoverlapping infinite sets, primes and composites, with composites factorizing into primes. Despite their apparent simplicity, the elucidation of the architecture of natural numbers with primes as building blocks remains elusive. Here, we propose a new approach to decoding the architecture of natural numbers based on complex networks and stochastic processes theory. We introduce a parameter-free non-Markovian dynamical model that naturally generates random primes and their relation with composite numbers with remarkable accuracy. Our model satisfies the prime number theorem as an emerging property and a refined version of Cramér's conjecture about the statistics of gaps between consecutive primes that seems closer to reality than the original Cramér's version. Regarding composites, the model helps us to derive the prime factors counting function, giving the probability of distinct prime factors for any integer. Probabilistic models like ours can help to get deeper insights about primes and the complex architecture of natural numbers.

  6. The epidemiological consequences of immune priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tidbury, Hannah J; Best, Alex; Boots, Mike

    2012-11-07

    Exposure to low doses of pathogens that do not result in the host becoming infectious may 'prime' the immune response and increase protection to subsequent challenge. There is increasing evidence that such immune priming is a widespread and important feature of invertebrate host-pathogen interactions. Immune priming clearly has implications for individual hosts but will also have population-level implications. We present a susceptible-primed-infectious model-in contrast to the classic susceptible-infectious-recovered framework-to investigate the impacts of immune priming on pathogen persistence and population stability. We describe impacts of immune priming on the epidemiology of the disease in both constant and seasonal environments. A key result is that immune priming may act to destabilize population dynamics. In particular, when the proportion of individuals becoming primed rather than infected is high, but this priming does not confer full immunity, the population may be strongly destabilized through the generation of limit cycles. We discuss the implications of our model both in the context of invertebrate immunity and more widely.

  7. Skønhed og rædsel i den nye Pharma Science Building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeh, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    Reportage fra et fælles besøg i den nyligt indviede PharmaScience Building, Københavns Universitet, juni 2016. Teksten om mødet mellem journalist og forsker på den ene side og bygningen og dens brugere på den anden side. Journalist Christoffer Zieler henviser til Henrik Reehs separat offentliggjo......Reportage fra et fælles besøg i den nyligt indviede PharmaScience Building, Københavns Universitet, juni 2016. Teksten om mødet mellem journalist og forsker på den ene side og bygningen og dens brugere på den anden side. Journalist Christoffer Zieler henviser til Henrik Reehs separat...

  8. Hemmelig ransagning og brevstandsning i den digitale virkelighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lentz, Lene Wacher

    2016-01-01

    Artiklen tager udgangspunkt i sager om databedrageri, hvor betalingskort misbruges til køb på internettet. Politiets adgang til private chatfora på nettet analyseres i forhold til de straffeprocessuelle tvangsindgreb hemmelig ransagning, aflytning og dataaflæsning. Desuden behandler artiklen den ...

  9. Tegnets tid. Fortid, historie og historicitet efter den sproglige vending

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Dorthe Gert

    I Tegnets tid undersøges nyeste videnskabsteoretiske strømninger og deres betydning for historisk forskning. Forfatteren anvender den franske filosof Jacques Derridas teorier til at nyformulere og genåbne hævdvundne problemstillinger i historien: fortidsbegrebet, fagets kildekritiske tradition og...

  10. Rum, rammer og biblioteker i den virtuelle verden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heilesen, Simon

    2009-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i en kort introduktion til hvordan rum og rammer gestaltes i den virtuelle 3‐D verden Second Life, undersøger denne artikel, på hvilke måder rum og rammesætning anvendes og opleves i en faglig sammenhæng. Som eksempel anvendes det danske biblioteksprojekt i Second Life, Info Island...

  11. Cloud computing og den strafferetlige beskyttelse af data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiasen, Peter Dueholm

    2013-01-01

    Cloud computing er blevet en populær metode for bl.a. at opbevare data. Muligheden for eksempelvis at placere forretningskritiske data på teknisk udstyr, som ejes af den udbyder, der driver cloud computing tjenesten, gør det aktuelt at forholde sig til, om straffeloven i sådanne tilfælde yder et...

  12. An Interview with DOROTHY E. DENNING, Oral History 424

    OpenAIRE

    Yost, Jeffrey R.

    2013-01-01

    Computer Security History Project Computer security pioneer Dorothy Denning discusses her career including her Lattice Model for Computer Security, research on database security, intrusion detection, and other areas, such as her influential textbooks. The interview also addresses computer security research infrastructure and collaborators at various institutions where she worked including Purdue University, SRI International, Digital Equipment Corporation, Georgetown University, and Naval ...

  13. Activity rhythms and distribution of natal dens for red foxes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenyang, Zhou; Wanhong, Wei; Biggins, Dean E.

    1995-01-01

    The red fox, Vulpes vulpes, was investigated with snow tracking, radiotracking and directive observation at the Haibei Research Station of Alpine Meadow Ecosystem, Academia Sinica, from March to September 1994. The objectives of this study were to determine the distribution and use of natal dens, activity rhythms, and home range sizes for the foxes.

  14. Når religionen indtager den politiske debat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rune

    2009-01-01

    Tidligere var politiske spørgsmål forankret i en sekulær argumentation, men med hændelser som "9/11"og "Muhammedtegningerne" har religionen entreret den offentlige debat. Dette gælder ikke mindst argumentationen om Tyrkiets optagelse i EU, der har sit mest markante udtryk blandt Dansk Folkepartis...

  15. Den za Dnjom võib omanikku vahetada / Dannar Leitmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti populaarsemat venekeelset nädalalehte Den za Dnjom välja andva OÜ Merger Meedia juhi Andres Tiisleri sõnul käivad läbirääkimised ajalehe müügiks. Krediidiinfo andmetel on ettevõtte maksuvõlg 1,225 miljonit krooni

  16. God smag og bordskik er den bedste slankekur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Boris

    2011-01-01

    Rockwool Fondens Forskningsenhed har for nylig offentliggjort rapporten ’Helbred, trivsel og overvægt blandt danskerne’, der viser, at antallet af svært overvægtige i USA og Storbritannien er over dobbelt så stort som i Danmark. Den franske madsociolog Claude Fischler beskæftiger sig med sammenhæ...

  17. Hyekyung Cho: Chinas langer Marsch in den Kapitalismus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Czeskleba-Dupont, Rolf

    2006-01-01

    Chos afhandling fra Berlin refereres i hovedtræk. Tre modsætninger tages op i den: 1) mellem 'transitionen' ind i kapitalismen og herredømmet af et kommunistisk parti, hvor det bl.a.viser sig at particentralen fremmer liberaliseringen i kampen mod statsvirksomhederne; 2) mellem integrationen i ve...

  18. Kapitalismens ånd og den kreative etik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stephensen, Jan Løhmann

    hyldes nu det kreative arbejde, de kreative erhverv og den kreative økonomi som eksemplariske scener for udfoldelsen af denne eftertragtede evne, som hævdes at udgøre rygraden i nutidens og ikke mindst fremtidens kulturelle og økonomiske logik. Med afsæt i bl.a. Max Weber samt Luc Boltanski & Eve...

  19. Den naturlige samtale i fremmedsproglig læring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ambjørn, Lone; Troensegaard, Agnete

    2005-01-01

    Formålet med denne artikel er at plædere, ikke alene for bevarelsen af den nye arbejds- og eksamensform, som oparbejdelse af fremmedsproglig samtalefærdighed indebærer, men også for styrkelse af tiltag, der på lignende vis kunne fremme sprogelevernes læringsproces og medansvaret herfor....

  20. Om den sociale og symbolske funktion af uddannelsesevalueringer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørholm, Morten

    Afhandlingens teoretiske udgangspunkt er hos Émile Durkheim, Pierre Bourdieu, Ulf P. Lund­gren, Staf Callewaert, det konkrete er en række evalueringer af uddannelser til (semi)professioner inden for sundhedssektoren.                I afhandlingen konstrueres den sociale og symbolske funktion af u...

  1. Aktivistisk med forbehold? Danmark, EU og den amerikanske verdensorden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wivel, Anders

    2017-01-01

    reflekterer de globale og europæiske incitamenter. Dansk europapolitik formuleres af danske beslutningstagere som en nødvendighedens politik, men dette udelukker ikke en aktivisme, der ofte fremstår som dristig i sin udfordring af den dominerende tysk-fransk forståelse af EU’s betydning og fremtid....

  2. Historien om den kostbare læringstid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Carsten

    2015-01-01

    Danmarkshistorien har aldrig rigtig haft plads til de mindste børn. Men nu fortæller forskere fra DPU for første gang historien om, hvordan nutidens daginstitutioner og den moderne pædagogprofession er blevet til. Overraskende viser det sig, at politikere og pædagogiske tænkere gennem de sidste 2...

  3. Einfluss verschiedener Beladeeinrichtungen auf den Ertrag eines Kombisystems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jordan, Ulrike; Vejen, Klaus

    2002-01-01

    thermosyphonischer Volumenstrom lassen sich daher durch die Konstruktion der Beladeeinheit beeinflussen. Kombispeicher mit verschiedenen Beladeeinrichtungen (intern, extern, thermosyphonisch durchströmt) wurden u.a. bereits von den Solar-Forschungs- und Testinstituten ITW Stutt-gart (z.B. Drück98) und SERC Borlänge...

  4. Den centraleuropæiske fortælling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2014-01-01

    Om EU's udvidelse mod øst- og centraleuropa. Om hvordan Hitler og Stalins masseudrydelser har betydet mere for den europæiske identitete og sammenhængskraft end kristendommen, og hvordan antisemitisme er blevet en form for kode og fælles sprog for mennesker, der drømmer om en nationalt eller...

  5. Pulp revascularization of immature dens invaginatus with periapical periodontitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jie; Zhao, Yuming; Qin, Man; Ge, Lihong

    2013-02-01

    Dens invaginatus is a rare developmental malformation of a tooth caused by the invagination of the tooth crown before biological mineralization occurs. The complex anatomy of these teeth makes nonsurgical endodontic treatment difficult and more so when there is presence of periapical periodontitis with open apex. The endodontic treatment of dens invaginatus is a challenge, especially in the case of periapical periodontitis with open apex. Pulp revascularization is a conservative endodontic treatment that has been introduced in recent years. Presented here is a variant approach for the treatment of immature dens invaginatus type II with periapical periodontitis, which combines filling of the invagination and pulp revascularization. After accessing the pulp chamber, the main canal and the invagination were explored. The root was thoroughly disinfected by irrigating and medication, invagination was filled, and the main canal was revascularized. Then the coronal sealing was made by glass ionomer cement and composite resin. Radiograph taken regularly and computed tomography scan were used to investigate the healing of the periapical lesion and development of the root. In the subsequent follow-up, the periapical lesion was completely eliminated, the open apex was closed, and the wall of the root was thickened. For type II immature dens invaginatus with large periapical lesion, conservative endodontic treatment should be considered before periapical surgery. With sufficient infection control, pulp revascularization can be an effective alternative method. Copyright © 2013 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Endodontic management of dens invaginatus Type IIIb: Case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Jorge N R; da Costa, Rui Pereira; Anderson, Craig; Quaresma, Sérgio André; Corte-Real, Luís S M; Monroe, Adam D

    2016-01-01

    Dens invaginatus may be seen as a developmental malformation. It is characterized by an invagination of the enamel and dentin, creating a lumen inside the affected tooth, which may extend as deep as the apical foramen. Oehlers Type IIIb is considered the most challenging clinical conditions. The purpose of this study is to discuss the nonsurgical endodontic management of vital and necrotic dens invaginatus Type IIIb cases. Due to the complex anatomical consideration of dens invaginatus Type IIIb, endodontic treatment is extremely technique sensitive. A conservative approach was used in a vital case to treat the invaginated lumen only, to preserve the vitality of the pulp, and a more invasive approach was used in a necrotic case to debride the lumen and necrotic pulp for proper disinfection of the root canal system. Although different, all the approaches were successful. The clinical signs and symptoms were resolved. The vital case remains vital after 19 months, and the recall radiographs were able to show satisfactory periapical healing both in vital and necrotic cases. Due to the highly complex anatomy of dens invaginatus Type IIIb, the decision of preserving the pulp vitality may not be related only to pulpal diagnosis but also to the technical requirements of the treatment. Although very technically sensitive, it may be possible to treat the invaginated lumen exclusively, while preserving the vitality of the pulp. Necrotic cases may require a more aggressive approach to achieve a favorable prognosis.

  7. Den Europeiska unionen i en globaliserande värld

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manners, Ian James

    2013-01-01

    faktor för att förstå regionala ansträngningar att samordna olika ekonomiska, sociala, miljömässiga och politiska förändringar. Regionalt integrationsarbete och globaliseringen av livsstilar har tillsammans blivit del av den centrala dynamiken i förbindelserna mellan EU och världen. Som Julia Kristeva...

  8. Fractures of the dens complicating ankylosing spondylitis with atlantooccipital fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, F H; Rogers, L F

    1991-05-01

    Patients with ankylosing spondylitis are prone to fractures. Fractures tend to occur in the lower cervical spine disc space. We describe 2 patients with odontoid fractures. Both patients had atlantooccipital fusion which may have increased their susceptibility for dens fractures. One patient had Crohn's disease.

  9. Corporate Social Responsibility i forsyningskæden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liempd, Dennis van

    2007-01-01

    Styring og kontrol af etiske risici i forsyningskæden som en del af virksomhedens samfundsansvar (corporate social re­sponsibility; CSR) er blevet mere og mere vigtig nu til dags. Der er stor national og international fokus på CSR-området, ikke mindst fordi globaliseringen har gjort, at flere...

  10. Polen vor der Middle-Income-Trap? Entwicklungsplan bis 2030 soll den Aufholprozess beschleunigen

    OpenAIRE

    Holtemöller, Oliver; Kämpfe, Martina

    2017-01-01

    Polen hat seinen Abstand gegenüber den entwickelten Marktwirtschaften Westeuropas seit dem Beginn der 1990er Jahre bis heute gemessen am Pro-Kopf-Einkommen stark verringert. Galt das Land in den ersten zwei Jahrzehnten unter den mittelosteuropäischen Ländern als Vorreiter beim Wirtschaftswachstum, so hat sich das Aufholtempo in den letzten Jahren verlangsamt. Die polnische Regierung reagierte darauf mit einem strategischen Entwicklungsplan ('Morawiecki'-Plan), der Maßnahmen und Ziele bis 2030...

  11. KGB : de russiske sikkerhedstjenester fra Ivan den Grusomme til Vladimir Putin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kulavig, Erik

    Om den russiske sikkerhedstjeneste eller det hemmelige politis historie fra starten under Ivan den Grusomme i 1600-tallet, gennem tsarernes Rusland og bolsjevikkernes Sovjetunionenen til Putins periode. Med afstikkere til aktiviteterne uden for Ruslands grænser, herunder i Danmark......Om den russiske sikkerhedstjeneste eller det hemmelige politis historie fra starten under Ivan den Grusomme i 1600-tallet, gennem tsarernes Rusland og bolsjevikkernes Sovjetunionenen til Putins periode. Med afstikkere til aktiviteterne uden for Ruslands grænser, herunder i Danmark...

  12. Asymptomatic ''crowned dens'' calcification in CT images for the craniovertebral junction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kubota, Gen; Mori, Masataka; Fukushima, Tatsuro

    2007-01-01

    Calcification around the odontoid process suggests 'crowned dens' syndrome, when accompanied with acute occipital headache or neck pain and with inflammatory signs. We retrospectively searched for calcification around the odontoid process in routine CT images of 282 patients emcompassing the craniovertebral junction, and found 13 (4.6%) had 'crowned dens' calcifications with neither characteristic symptoms nor signs suggestive for crowned dens' syndrome. Females of older ages frequently showed asymptomatic crowned dens' calcifications. (author)

  13. Multiple dens invaginatus, mulberry molar and conical teeth : case report and genetic considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Sedano, Heddie O.; Ocampo Acosta, Fabian; Naranjo Corona, Rosa I.; Torres Arellano, María Eleuteria

    2009-01-01

    Dens in dente, also known as dens invaginatus and dilated compound odontoma, is a malformation that can occur on primary, permanent, or supernumerary teeth that is characterized by a deep invagination of the surface of a crown or root covered with enamel. This abnormality in tooth morphology generally affect the maxillary lateral incisors but several cases of multiple dens invaginatus have been reported in the literature. A 15 year-old female patient is reported here presenting five dens ...

  14. Management of dens invaginatus type II with periapical lesion: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzun, Ismail; Keskin, Cangul; Guler, Bugra; Ozdemir, Ozgur

    2015-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly resulting from epithelial invagination of the tooth crown before calcification. Endodontic treatment of teeth affected by dens invaginatusmay be difficult and complex due to aberrant anatomy. Combined orthograde and surgical approaches for successful treatment of dens invaginatus are effective. This report describes the successful treatmentand results atthe 12-month follow-up of a maxillary lateral incisor showing dens invaginatus type II, a large periapical lesion and an open apex by using combined surgical and endodontic treatment.

  15. Non-Surgical Root Canal Treatment of Dens Invaginatus 3 in a Maxillary Lateral Incisor

    OpenAIRE

    Moradi, Saeed; Donyavi, Zakyeh; Esmaealzade, Mohammad

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this case report was to describe the clinical management of an unusual dens invaginatus type 3. A case of dens invaginatus in a maxillary lateral incisor with a periapical lesion is reported. The patient presented with pain and localized swelling. Despite the complex anatomy and diagnosis of dens invaginatus, non-surgical root canal treatment was performed successfully. Key Learning Points: - Dens invaginatus may be presented in different forms, and the etiology of this phenomenon ...

  16. Priming effects on the N400 in the affective priming paradigm with facial expressions of emotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguado, Luis; Dieguez-Risco, Teresa; Méndez-Bértolo, Constantino; Pozo, Miguel A; Hinojosa, José A

    2013-06-01

    We studied the effect of facial expression primes on the evaluation of target words through a variant of the affective priming paradigm. In order to make the affective valence of the faces irrelevant to the task, the participants were assigned a double prime-target task in which they were unpredictably asked either to identify the gender of the face or to evaluate whether the word was pleasant or unpleasant. Behavioral and electrophysiological (event-related potential, or ERP) indices of affective priming were analyzed. Temporal and spatial versions of principal components analyses were used to detect and quantify those ERP components associated with affective priming. Although no significant behavioral priming was observed, electrophysiological indices showed a reverse priming effect, in the sense that the amplitude of the N400 was higher in response to congruent than to incongruent negative words. Moreover, a late positive potential (LPP), peaking around 700 ms, was sensitive to affective valence but not to prime-target congruency. This pattern of results is consistent with previous accounts of ERP effects in the affective priming paradigm that have linked the LPP with evaluative priming and the N400 with semantic priming. Our proposed explanation of the N400 priming effects obtained in the present study is based on two assumptions: a double check of affective stimuli in terms of valence and specific emotion content, and the differential specificities of facial expressions of positive and negative emotions.

  17. Priming in concert: Assimilation and contrast with multiple affective and gender primes.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fockenberg, D.A.; Koole, S.L.; Semin, G.R.

    2008-01-01

    The present research investigated the influence of multiple sequential primes on social categorization processes. Study 1 examined an evaluative decision task in which targets were preceded and succeeded by two primes. As expected, the temporally closest forward primes had assimilative effects on

  18. Filosofisk terapi som træning til døden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dræby, Anders

    Den eksistentielfænomenologiske terapi deler den opfattelse med stoicismen, at filosofiens hovedopgave er at hjælpe mennesket med at finde vej i en problematisk verden. Oplægget udforsker desuden et overlap, som består i den indsigt, at terapeutisk udfrielse fra menneskelig lidelse til livsduelig...

  19. Can False Memories Prime Problem Solutions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Mark L.; Garner, Sarah R.; Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Ball, Linden J.

    2010-01-01

    Previous research has suggested that false memories can prime performance on related implicit and explicit memory tasks. The present research examined whether false memories can also be used to prime higher order cognitive processes, namely, insight-based problem solving. Participants were asked to solve a number of compound remote associate task…

  20. Phasic Affective Modulation of Semantic Priming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topolinski, Sascha; Deutsch, Roland

    2013-01-01

    The present research demonstrates that very brief variations in affect, being around 1 s in length and changing from trial to trial independently from semantic relatedness of primes and targets, modulate the amount of semantic priming. Implementing consonant and dissonant chords (Experiments 1 and 5), naturalistic sounds (Experiment 2), and visual…

  1. Syntactic priming in American Sign Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Matthew L; Ferreira, Victor S; Mayberry, Rachel I

    2015-01-01

    Psycholinguistic studies of sign language processing provide valuable opportunities to assess whether language phenomena, which are primarily studied in spoken language, are fundamentally shaped by peripheral biology. For example, we know that when given a choice between two syntactically permissible ways to express the same proposition, speakers tend to choose structures that were recently used, a phenomenon known as syntactic priming. Here, we report two experiments testing syntactic priming of a noun phrase construction in American Sign Language (ASL). Experiment 1 shows that second language (L2) signers with normal hearing exhibit syntactic priming in ASL and that priming is stronger when the head noun is repeated between prime and target (the lexical boost effect). Experiment 2 shows that syntactic priming is equally strong among deaf native L1 signers, deaf late L1 learners, and hearing L2 signers. Experiment 2 also tested for, but did not find evidence of, phonological or semantic boosts to syntactic priming in ASL. These results show that despite the profound differences between spoken and signed languages in terms of how they are produced and perceived, the psychological representation of sentence structure (as assessed by syntactic priming) operates similarly in sign and speech.

  2. Negative Priming in Free Recall Reconsidered

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanczakowski, Maciej; Beaman, C. Philip; Jones, Dylan M.

    2016-01-01

    Negative priming in free recall is the finding of impaired memory performance when previously ignored auditory distracters become targets of encoding and retrieval. This negative priming has been attributed to an aftereffect of deploying inhibitory mechanisms that serve to suppress auditory distraction and minimize interference with learning and…

  3. Syntactic Priming in American Sign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Matthew L.; Ferreira, Victor S.; Mayberry, Rachel I.

    2015-01-01

    Psycholinguistic studies of sign language processing provide valuable opportunities to assess whether language phenomena, which are primarily studied in spoken language, are fundamentally shaped by peripheral biology. For example, we know that when given a choice between two syntactically permissible ways to express the same proposition, speakers tend to choose structures that were recently used, a phenomenon known as syntactic priming. Here, we report two experiments testing syntactic priming of a noun phrase construction in American Sign Language (ASL). Experiment 1 shows that second language (L2) signers with normal hearing exhibit syntactic priming in ASL and that priming is stronger when the head noun is repeated between prime and target (the lexical boost effect). Experiment 2 shows that syntactic priming is equally strong among deaf native L1 signers, deaf late L1 learners, and hearing L2 signers. Experiment 2 also tested for, but did not find evidence of, phonological or semantic boosts to syntactic priming in ASL. These results show that despite the profound differences between spoken and signed languages in terms of how they are produced and perceived, the psychological representation of sentence structure (as assessed by syntactic priming) operates similarly in sign and speech. PMID:25786230

  4. Prime pairs and the zeta function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korevaar, J.

    2009-01-01

    Are there infinitely many prime pairs with given even difference? Most mathematicians think so. Using a strong arithmetic hypothesis, Goldston, Pintz and Yildirim have recently shown that there are infinitely many pairs of primes differing by at most sixteen. There is extensive numerical support for

  5. Syntactic priming in American Sign Language.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew L Hall

    Full Text Available Psycholinguistic studies of sign language processing provide valuable opportunities to assess whether language phenomena, which are primarily studied in spoken language, are fundamentally shaped by peripheral biology. For example, we know that when given a choice between two syntactically permissible ways to express the same proposition, speakers tend to choose structures that were recently used, a phenomenon known as syntactic priming. Here, we report two experiments testing syntactic priming of a noun phrase construction in American Sign Language (ASL. Experiment 1 shows that second language (L2 signers with normal hearing exhibit syntactic priming in ASL and that priming is stronger when the head noun is repeated between prime and target (the lexical boost effect. Experiment 2 shows that syntactic priming is equally strong among deaf native L1 signers, deaf late L1 learners, and hearing L2 signers. Experiment 2 also tested for, but did not find evidence of, phonological or semantic boosts to syntactic priming in ASL. These results show that despite the profound differences between spoken and signed languages in terms of how they are produced and perceived, the psychological representation of sentence structure (as assessed by syntactic priming operates similarly in sign and speech.

  6. Object color affects identification and repetition priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uttl, Bob; Graf, Peter; Santacruz, Pilar

    2006-10-01

    We investigated the influence of color on the identification of both non-studied and studied objects. Participants studied black and white and color photos of common objects and memory was assessed with an identification test. Consistent with our meta-analysis of prior research, we found that objects were easier to identify from color than from black and white photos. We also found substantial priming in all conditions, and study-to-test changes in an object's color reduced the magnitude of priming. Color-specific priming effects were large for color-complex objects, but minimal for color-simple objects. The pattern and magnitude of priming effects was not influenced either by the extent to which an object always appears in the same color (i.e., whether a color is symptomatic of an object) or by the object's origin (natural versus fabricated). We discuss the implications of our findings for theoretical accounts of object perception and repetition priming.

  7. Priming analogical reasoning with false memories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Mark L; Garner, Sarah R; Threadgold, Emma; Ball, Linden J

    2015-08-01

    Like true memories, false memories are capable of priming answers to insight-based problems. Recent research has attempted to extend this paradigm to more advanced problem-solving tasks, including those involving verbal analogical reasoning. However, these experiments are constrained inasmuch as problem solutions could be generated via spreading activation mechanisms (much like false memories themselves) rather than using complex reasoning processes. In three experiments we examined false memory priming of complex analogical reasoning tasks in the absence of simple semantic associations. In Experiment 1, we demonstrated the robustness of false memory priming in analogical reasoning when backward associative strength among the problem terms was eliminated. In Experiments 2a and 2b, we extended these findings by demonstrating priming on newly created homonym analogies that can only be solved by inhibiting semantic associations within the analogy. Overall, the findings of the present experiments provide evidence that the efficacy of false memory priming extends to complex analogical reasoning problems.

  8. Lexical priming in Alzheimer's disease and aphasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arroyo-Anlló, Eva Maria; Beauchamps, Mireille; Ingrand, Pierre; Neau, Jean Philippe; Gil, Roger

    2013-01-01

    Lexical priming was examined in patients with Alzheimer's disease and in aphasic patients. Control participants were divided into young and elderly [cf. Arroyo-Anlló et al.: Eur J Cogn Psychol 2004;16:535-553]. For lexical priming, a word-stem completion task was used. Normal elderly participants had lexical priming scores that were significantly lower than those of young individuals. Analysis of covariance with age and educational level as covariates showed that the control participants, aphasic and Alzheimer patients did not differ significantly on the lexical priming task. Our results suggest that performance in the lexical priming task diminishes with physiological aging, but is not significantly affected by mild or moderate Alzheimer's disease or by fluent or non-fluent aphasia. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  9. Dwellers in dens on sandy bottoms: Ecological and behavioural traits of Octopus vulgaris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Guerra

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Four visual censuses targeting Octopus vulgaris living in dens on sandy bottoms were carried out from June to October 2013 in the National Park of the Atlantic Galician Islands (NW Spain. Censuses were undertaken by scuba diving between 5 and 21 m depth in daytime. The total area swept was 13.75 ha. There were no significant differences between octopus presence in dens during open and closed fishing seasons. Depth had a significant negative relationship with occupancy. The average number of dens per 1000 m2 was 3.84±0.84 in June and 3.89 in October. The area per den was 260 m2. Den number estimations varied between 1586 and 2057. The largest number of dens (76.5% was found between 5 and 10 m depth. Den distribution was clumped. No significant differences were found between octopus size classes (small, medium and large and den diameter. Associate dens were observed. There were no significant differences in den diameter and shell types found around the middens. Many dens could be “permanent”. Drilling bivalve shell behaviour is discussed. The surveyed area had around 1100 individuals, mainly small specimens. No significant differences were found between octopus size and depth. Substrate, den type and food abundance and availability (especially razors Ensis arcuatus seem to be the main factors influencing dens and octopus density and distribution. Den availability does not appear to be a limiting factor in this case. Temperature, den availability, predators and fishing pressure influencing density and distribution are discussed. Rodas inlet may be a preferential habitat for O. vulgaris individuals ranging from 200 to 2000 g, but especially small specimens ( ≤ 1000 g.

  10. Individual Differences in Working Memory Capacity Modulates Semantic Negative Priming from Single Prime Words.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortells, Juan J; Noguera, Carmen; Álvarez, Dolores; Carmona, Encarna; Houghton, George

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigated whether semantic negative priming from single prime words depends on the availability of cognitive control resources. Participants with high vs. low working memory capacity (as assessed by their performance in complex span and attentional control tasks) were instructed to either attend to or ignore a briefly presented single prime word that was followed by either a semantically related or unrelated target word on which participants made a lexical decision. Individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) mainly affected the processing of the ignored primes, but not the processing of the attended primes: While the latter produced reliable positive semantic priming for both high- and low-WMC participants, the former gave rise to reliable semantic negative priming only for high WMC participants, with low WMC participants showing the opposite positive priming effect. The present results extend previous findings in demonstrating that (a) single negative priming can reliably generalize to semantic associates of the prime words, and (b) a differential availability of cognitive control resources can reliably modulate the negative priming effect at a semantic level of representation.

  11. Masked priming by misspellings: Word frequency moderates the effects of SOA and prime-target similarity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burt, Jennifer S

    2016-02-01

    University students made lexical decisions to eight- or nine-letter words preceded by masked primes that were the target, an unrelated word, or a typical misspelling of the target. At a stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) of 47 ms, primes that were misspellings of the target produced a priming benefit for low-, medium-, and high-frequency words, even when the misspelled primes were changed to differ phonologically from their targets. At a longer SOA of 80 ms, misspelled primes facilitated lexical decisions only to medium- and low-frequency targets, and a phonological change attenuated the benefit for medium-frequency targets. The results indicate that orthographic similarity can be preserved over changes in letter position and word length, and that the priming effect of misspelled words at the shorter SOA is orthographically based. Orthographic-priming effects depend on the quality of the orthographic learning of the target word.

  12. Non-surgical root canal treatment of dens invaginatus 3 in a maxillary lateral incisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradi, Saeed; Donyavi, Zakyeh; Esmaealzade, Mohammad

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this case report was to describe the clinical management of an unusual dens invaginatus type 3. A case of dens invaginatus in a maxillary lateral incisor with a periapical lesion is reported. The patient presented with pain and localized swelling. Despite the complex anatomy and diagnosis of dens invaginatus, non-surgical root canal treatment was performed successfully. - Dens invaginatus may be presented in different forms, and the etiology of this phenomenon is not fully understood. - Due to abnormal anatomical configuration, dens invaginatus presents technical difficulties in its clinical management. - Non-surgical root canal treatment can be performed successfully.

  13. A rare presentation of bilateral maxillary dens invaginatus diagnosed using cone beam computed tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinapadu, Sainath; Aravelli, Swathi; Pasari, Srikanth; Marukala, Narender Reddy

    2013-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental variation in the formation of a tooth that causes changes in the internal anatomy of the tooth. The presence of double dens invaginatus is extremely rare. Understanding the type, extension, and complex morphology of dens invaginatus is essential. Diagnosis of this condition using conventional radiographic techniques is not easy. Advanced imaging techniques, such as cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) are very helpful in diagnosis of these complex anatomic variations. In the present case report, we demonstrate the use of CBCT in the evaluation and treatment planning of bilateral maxillary dens invaginatus, of which one presented as a case of double dens.

  14. A Rare Presentation of Bilateral Maxillary Dens Invaginatus Diagnosed Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sainath Dinapadu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus is a developmental variation in the formation of a tooth that causes changes in the internal anatomy of the tooth. The presence of double dens invaginatus is extremely rare. Understanding the type, extension, and complex morphology of dens invaginatus is essential. Diagnosis of this condition using conventional radiographic techniques is not easy. Advanced imaging techniques, such as cone beam computed tomography (CBCT are very helpful in diagnosis of these complex anatomic variations. In the present case report, we demonstrate the use of CBCT in the evaluation and treatment planning of bilateral maxillary dens invaginatus, of which one presented as a case of double dens.

  15. Selection of den sites by black bears in the southern Appalachians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds-Hogland, M. J.; Mitchell, M.S.; Powell, R.A.; Brown, D.C.

    2007-01-01

    We evaluated selection of den sites by American black bears (Ursus americanus) in the Pisgah Bear Sanctuary, western North Carolina, by comparing characteristics of dens at 53 den sites with availability of habitat characteristics in annual home ranges of bears and in the study area. We also tested whether den-site selection differed by sex, age, and reproductive status of bears. In addition, we evaluated whether the den component of an existing habitat model for black bears predicted where bears would select den sites. We found bears selected den sites far from gravel roads, on steep slopes, and at high elevations relative to what was available in both annual home ranges and in the study area. Den-site selection did not differ by sex or age, but it differed by reproductive status. Adult females with cubs preferred to den in areas that were relatively far from gravel roads, but adult females without cubs did not. The habitat model overestimated the value of areas near gravel roads, underestimated the value of moderately steep areas, and did not include elevation as a predictor variable. Our results highlight the importance of evaluating den selection in terms of both use and availability of den characteristics. ?? 2007 American Society of Mammalogists.

  16. Raccoon (Procyon lotor) diurnal den use within an intensively managed forest in central West Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Sheldon F.; Berl, Jacob L.; Edwards, John W.; Ford, W. Mark; Wood, Petra Bohall

    2015-01-01

    Intensive forest management may influence the availability of suitable den sites for large den-seeking species, such as Procyon lotor (Raccoon). As part of a Raccoon ecology study on an industrial forest in the Allegheny Mountains of central West Virginia, we radio-tracked 32 Raccoons to 175 diurnal den sites to determine relative use of dens that included cavity trees, rock dens, log piles, slash piles, and exposed limbs. Patterns of den use significantly differed between sexes and among seasons. Overall, we recorded 58 cavity dens in 12 tree species with 7 maternal dens found in 5 tree species. Raccoons selected larger-diameter den trees than available cavity trees and non-cavity trees. Because the abundance of suitable tree cavities is known to influence Raccoon densities and recruitment at fine spatial scales and female Raccoons in this study used tree cavities as maternal den sites, the continued harvest of large-diameter trees (i.e., those capable of developing den cavities) without replacement may impact Raccoon recruitment within intensively managed forests throughout the central Appalachians.

  17. Triple dens invaginatus in a single tooth: Rarest of rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amandeep Chhina

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus is a rare malformation affecting the teeth. The teeth that are most commonly affected are the permanent maxillary lateral incisors. The mandibular posterior teeth are rarely affected by dens invaginatus. In most of the cases, a single dens invaginatus is seen affecting the tooth. Cases of double dens invaginatus affecting a single tooth are rare, and those of triple dens invaginatus in a single tooth are even rarer. Here, we present a case of a 14-year-old where three dens invaginatus were seen in the mandibular second premolar. This is the fourth case of three dens invaginatus in a single tooth as only three have been reported previously.

  18. Phonological and Orthographic Overlap Effects in Fast and Masked Priming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frisson, Steven; Bélanger, Nathalie N.; Rayner, Keith

    2014-01-01

    We investigated how orthographic and phonological information is activated during reading, using a fast priming task, and during single word recognition, using masked priming. Specifically, different types of overlap between prime and target were contrasted: high orthographic and high phonological overlap (track-crack), high orthographic and low phonological overlap (bear-gear), or low orthographic and high phonological overlap (fruit-chute). In addition, we examined whether (orthographic) beginning overlap (swoop-swoon) yielded the same priming pattern as end (rhyme) overlap (track-crack). Prime durations were 32 and 50ms in the fast priming version, and 50ms in the masked priming version, and mode of presentation (prime and target in lower case) was identical. The fast priming experiment showed facilitatory priming effects when both orthography and phonology overlapped, with no apparent differences between beginning and end overlap pairs. Facilitation was also found when prime and target only overlapped orthographically. In contrast, the masked priming experiment showed inhibition for both types of end overlap pairs (with and without phonological overlap), and no difference for begin overlap items. When prime and target only shared principally phonological information, facilitation was only found with a long prime duration in the fast priming experiment, while no differences were found in the masked priming version. These contrasting results suggest that fast priming and masked priming do not necessarily tap into the same type of processing. PMID:24365065

  19. Den sociala frågans återkomst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersson, Kenneth; Olsson, Ulf; Krejsler, John B.

    2014-01-01

    Inom samtidens berättelse om Europeisk utbildningspolitik betraktas livslangt lärande och den sociala dimensionen som centrala begrepp för att göra det möjligt att förverkliga den vision, EUROPE 2020 om ett framtida Europa med "smart, hållbar och inkluderande tillväxt", som antogs i 2010 (COM, 2010......, s.1). I denna berättelse betraktas det livslånga lärande som en förutsättning för såväl samhällets som individens lyckosamma utveckling samt för att skapa ett gott samhälle, demokratisk förståelse och ett aktiv medborgerligt deltagande (London Kommuniké 2007)....

  20. Können Statine den Knochenstoffwechsel positiv beeinflussen?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vock L

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Statine, potente Inhibitoren der HMG-CoA-Reduktase, werden erfolgreich zur Senkung der Cholesterinblutspiegel eingesetzt. In den letzten Jahren sind jedoch zahlreiche andere Wirkungen der Statine aufgedeckt worden, die möglicherweise für den Knochenstoffwechsel von Bedeutung sind: In vitro konnten faszinierende knochenanabole Wirkungen der Statine bewiesen werden. Welche molekularen Mechanismen für diese Beobachtungen genau verantwortlich sind, ist nach wie vor unklar. Auch konnten in anderen In-vitro-Studien, Tiermodellen und klinischen Studien diese eindrucksvollen Resultate nicht immer bestätigt werden. Das vorliegende Bild der Statine im Knochenstoffwechsel ist uneinheitlich. Viele Fragen bleiben offen. Es fehlen neben genaueren Erkenntnissen über die Eigenschaften der einzelnen Statine auch Resultate besser auf diese Fragestellung zugeschnittener Studien.

  1. Begær, krop og den anden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Ulla

    Med fænomenologisk udgangspunkt fremmes forståelse af begær som lidenskab. Indledes med redegørelse og diskussion af analyser af begær hos Merleau-Ponty, Sartre og Lévinas. Og fortsætter med at skrive om begærets dynamik med fokus på kroppen og den anden......Med fænomenologisk udgangspunkt fremmes forståelse af begær som lidenskab. Indledes med redegørelse og diskussion af analyser af begær hos Merleau-Ponty, Sartre og Lévinas. Og fortsætter med at skrive om begærets dynamik med fokus på kroppen og den anden...

  2. Corporate Social Responsibility i forsyningskæden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liempd, Dennis van

    2007-01-01

    Styring og kontrol af etiske risici i forsyningskæden som en del af virksomhedens samfundsansvar (corporate social re­sponsibility; CSR) er blevet mere og mere vigtig nu til dags. Der er stor national og international fokus på CSR-området, ikke mindst fordi globaliseringen har gjort, at flere...... for hvilke virksomheder, det kan være interessant. Der præsenteres nogle teoretiske tilgange og modeller, som findes i den akademiske litteratur. Endvi­dere diskuteres nogle drivkræfter og forskellige motivatio­ner, som gør, at virksomheder beskæftiger sig med CSR i praksis. Artiklen viser også hvordan man...

  3. Leadership Pipeline på rejse i den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jeppe; Dahl, Kristian Aagaard

    2015-01-01

    udbredelse af Leadership Pipeline modellen. Forskningslitteraturen om Leadership Pipeline er imidlertid beskeden. Med teoretisk ammunition fra ”idé på rejse” perspektivet og et multi-level case studie i den danske offentlige sektor belyser artiklen udbredelse og implementering af Leadership Pipeline. Ved...... at anvende skiftende teoretiske begreber og henholdsvis zoome-ind (organisationsniveau) og zoome-ud (feltniveau) viser artiklen, hvordan en række gensidigt forbundne teoretiserings- og translationsaktiviteter sikrede Leadership Pipeline legitimitet og fremskyndede dens udbredelse samtidig med, at forskellige...... praksisvarianter af Leadership Pipeline udkrystalliserede sig i offentlige organisationer med hver deres kendetegn og problemdefinitioner. Med afsæt i denne empiri argumenterer vi for, at implementering af Leadership Pipeline udspillede sig i overlappende teoretiserings- og translationsaktiviteter, der forstærkede...

  4. Den monofone lyrik: puisque som eksempel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ægidius, Adam

     Findes der indikationer på, at lyrikken er monofon, sådan som Bakhtine hævdede? Konnektoren puisque bruges i romaner ofte til at skabe dækket direkte tale, mens den – som jeg her viser det –  i lyrik kun iscenesætter digterens egen stemme....... Findes der indikationer på, at lyrikken er monofon, sådan som Bakhtine hævdede? Konnektoren puisque bruges i romaner ofte til at skabe dækket direkte tale, mens den – som jeg her viser det –  i lyrik kun iscenesætter digterens egen stemme....

  5. Erlebten Frauen den Holocaust anders als Männer?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Schwarz

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Sammelband basiert auf Vorträgen einer Konferenz aus dem Jahr 1995, auf der nach dem spezifischen Erleben des Holocaust durch Frauen gefragt wurde. In der Regel waren es Zeugnisse von Überlebenden, die die Grundlage für die Analyse von Verhalten und Reaktionen von Frauen bildeten. Diskutiert wurde aber nicht nur über die einzelnen Erfahrungsbereiche jüdischer Frauen in West- und Osteuropa in Zwischenkriegs- und Kriegszeit, sondern ebenso über die Anwendbarkeit der „Gender-Frage“ auf den Holocaust generell. Entstanden ist so ein interessanter Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Diskussion, der die Grenzen und mehr noch die Chancen eines solchen Zugangs hervortreten läßt.

  6. Entscheidungsmodell für den wirtschaftlichen RFID-Einsatz

    OpenAIRE

    Griemert, Silke

    2010-01-01

    Bedingt durch den ständig zunehmenden Kostendruck wird es für Unternehmen immer wichtiger, Kostensenkungspotenziale systematisch zu identifizieren. Eine von vielen Unternehmen genutzte strategische Option ist die internationale Arbeitsteilung. Kostenvorteile entstehen hier vor allem durch weltweit differierende Arbeitsentgelte und unterschiedliche rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen. Gleichzeitig erhöht sich aber die logistische Komplexität und droht, die Vorteile dieser Strategie zu konterkarieren....

  7. Den fjerde vej: Trumps sejr skaber ny samfundsorden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Martin Møller Boje; Andersen, Torben K.; Kragh, Claus

    2016-01-01

    Bag Donald Trumps uempatiske retorik gemmer sig omridset af et politisk projekt, man kan kalde den fjerde vej. USA’s kommende præsident blander højre- og venstreorienterede mærkesager til et nyt nationalsocialt politisk koncept. Spørgsmålet er, om Trumps fjerde vej er et seriøst bud på en ny...

  8. Den Pædagogiske Refleksionsmodel som sammenhængskraft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voergaard Poulsen, Bettina; Lucht, Camill; Vibholm Persson, Stine

    Den Pædagogiske Refleksions Model (PRM) illustrerer de vidensdimensioner, der indgår i en kvalificeret klinisk beslutning. I projektet 'Sammenhæng på TVÆRS i fremtidens sygeplejeuddannelse (PÅ TVÆRS)" indgår PRM som pædagogisk greb. Der undersøges om PRM skaber sammenhæng for studerendes læring i...

  9. Nonsurgical endodontic treatment of type II dens invaginatus

    OpenAIRE

    MA, Rajini; Kaiwar, Anjali; N, Meena; Kumari R, Anitha; Shetty, Ashish; DN, Naveen; N, Shubhashini

    2009-01-01

    The endodontic treatment of teeth with dens invaginatus, characterized by an infolding of enamel and dentin, extending deep into the pulp cavity near the root apex, may be complicated and challenging. The complexity of the internal anatomy may create challenges for the complete removal of diseased pulpal tissue and the subsequent sealing of the canal system. Because of the bizarre root canal anatomy and widely open apex, a combination of nonsurgical and surgical endodontic treatment or extrac...

  10. Re-naming D Double Prime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Benjamin F.

    1999-01-01

    "Knowledge about the dynamics of the D double prime region is a key to unlock some fundamental mysteries of the Earth heat engine which governs a wide range of global geophysical processes from tectonics to geodynamo." This benign sentence makes complete sense to many geophysicists. But for many others, it makes sense all except the odd nomenclature "D double prime". One knows about the crust, upper and lower mantle, outer and inner core, but where is the D double prime region? What meaning does it try to convey? Where is D prime region, or D, or A, B, C regions for that matter, and are there higher-order primes? How does such an odd name come about anyway? D double prime, or more "simply" D", is a generic designation given to the thin shell, about 200 km thick, of the lowermost mantle just above the core-mantle boundary inside the Earth. Incidentally, whether D" is "simpler" than "D double prime" depends on whether you are pronouncing it or writing/typing it; and D" can be confusing to readers in distinguishing quotation marks (such as in the above sentences) and second derivatives, and to word processors in spelling check and indexing.

  11. Nonconventional Therapeutic Protocol for Type III Dens Invaginatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunert, Gustavo G; Kunert, Itaborai R; de Figueiredo, José Ap; Barletta, Fernando B; Estrela, Carlos

    2017-03-01

    This study discusses a nonconventional therapeutic protocol for type III dens invaginatus. This condition is a disorder of dental development, caused by the invagination of enamel into coronal and/or radicular dentin structure. This promotes several structural alterations within the dental organ, which offers challenges and difficulties to perform the endodontic treatment when needed. This article reports a clinical case where a conservative approach was adopted to preserve the invagi-nated tooth, and endodontic treatment was performed in the main necrotic canal. Following 21 years of observation, a complete root formation could be seen, with dental pulp preservation of the pulpotomized tooth. Considering the reported difficulties for the treatment of dens invaginatus, conservative measures, such as pulpotomy to preserve the remaining dental pulp may be an excellent alternative to allow less invasive procedures, thus avoiding endodontic surgery. This study discusses a nonconventional therapeutic protocol for type III dens invaginatus. A conservative approach adopted preserved the invaginated tooth, and root canal treatment was performed in the main necrotic canal. Following 21 years of observation, there was complete root formation, with dental pulp preservation of the pulpotomized tooth.

  12. Electrophysiology reveals semantic priming at a short SOA irrespective of depth of prime processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Küper, Kristina; Heil, Martin

    2009-04-03

    The otherwise robust behavioral semantic priming effect is reduced to the point of being absent when a letter search has to be performed on the prime word. As a result the automaticity of semantic activation has been called into question. It is unclear, however, in how far automatic processes are even measurable in the letter search priming paradigm as the prime task necessitates a long prime-probe stimulus-onset asynchrony (SOA). In a modified procedure, a short SOA can be realized by delaying the prime task response until after participants have made a lexical decision on the probe. While the absence of lexical decision priming has already been demonstrated in this design it seems premature to draw any definite conclusions from this purely behavioral result since event related potential (ERP) measures have been shown to be a more sensitive index of semantic activation. Using the modified paradigm we thus recorded ERP in addition to lexical decision times. Stimuli were presented at two different SOAs (240 ms vs. 840 ms) and participants performed either a grammatical discrimination (Experiment 1) or a letter search (Experiment 2) on the prime. Irrespective of prime task, the modulation of the N400, the ERP correlate of semantic activation, provided clear-cut evidence of semantic processing at the short SOA. Implications for theories of semantic activation as well as the constraints of the delayed prime task procedure are discussed.

  13. Diverging Influences of Money Priming on Choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hee Jin

    2017-01-01

    Prior research on money priming has suggested two seemingly contradicting findings. On the one hand, money has been shown to highlight the importance of cost saving, leading to the choice of a low-quality/low-price option. On the other hand, individuals primed with money as a symbol of social status, and capabilities may focus on social value of money, e.g., higher spending symbolizes higher status and prefer an option with high quality/high price. Current research proposes and demonstrates that whether money priming will lead different choices depends on the nature of the consumption context. Specifically, when the product is to be consumed privately, money priming will highlight the importance of cost, thus increasing the preference for lower price at a lower quality. However, when the product is to be consumed publicly, reversed pattern of consumer preference will be found.

  14. Prime alternative algebras that are nearly commutative

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pchelintsev, S V

    2004-01-01

    We prove that by deforming the multiplication in a prime commutative alternative algebra using a C-operation we obtain a prime non-commutative alternative algebra. Under certain restrictions on non-commutative algebras this relation between algebras is reversible. Isotopes are special cases of deformations. We introduce and study a linear space generated by the Bruck C-operations. We prove that the Bruck space is generated by operations of rank 1 and 2 and that 'general' Bruck operations of rank 2 are independent in the following sense: a sum of n operations of rank 2 cannot be written as a linear combination of (n-1) operations of rank 2 and an arbitrary operation of rank 1. We describe infinite series of non-isomorphic prime non-commutative algebras of bounded degree that are deformations of a concrete prime commutative algebra

  15. Bounded Gaps between Products of Special Primes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Ngai Chung

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In their breakthrough paper in 2006, Goldston, Graham, Pintz and Yıldırım proved several results about bounded gaps between products of two distinct primes. Frank Thorne expanded on this result, proving bounded gaps in the set of square-free numbers with r prime factors for any r ≥ 2, all of which are in a given set of primes. His results yield applications to the divisibility of class numbers and the triviality of ranks of elliptic curves. In this paper, we relax the condition on the number of prime factors and prove an analogous result using a modified approach. We then revisit Thorne’s applications and give a better bound in each case.

  16. Morphological priming in Spanish verb forms: an ERP repetition priming study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni; Münte, Thomas F; Clahsen, Harald

    2002-04-01

    The ERP repetition priming paradigm has been shown to be sensitive to the processing differences between regular and irregular verb forms in English and German. The purpose of the present study is to extend this research to a language with a different inflectional system, Spanish. The design (delayed visual repetition priming) was adopted from our previous study on English, and the specific linguistic phenomena we examined are priming relations between different kinds of stem (or root) forms. There were two experimental conditions: In the first condition, the prime and the target shared the same stem form, e.g., "ando-andar" [I walk-to walk], whereas in the second condition, the prime contained a marked (alternated) stem, e.g., "duermo-dormir" [I sleep-to sleep]. A reduced N400 was found for unmarked (nonalternated) stems in the primed condition, whereas marked stems showed no such effect. Moreover, control conditions demonstrated that the surface form properties (i.e., the different degree of phonetic and orthographic overlap between primes and targets) do not explain the observed priming difference. The ERP priming effect for verb forms with unmarked stems in Spanish is parallel to that found for regularly inflected verb forms in English and German. We argue that effective priming is possible because prime target pairs such as "ando-andar" access the same lexical entry for their stems. By contrast, verb forms with alternated stems (e.g., "duermo") constitute separate lexical entries, and are therefore less powerful primes for their corresponding base forms.

  17. Priming involuntary autobiographical memories in the lab

    OpenAIRE

    Barzykowski, Krystian; Niedźwieńska, Agnieszka

    2018-01-01

    Involuntary autobiographical memories (IAMs) are recollections of personal past that frequently and spontaneously occur in daily life. Initial studies by Mace. Priming involuntary autobiographical memories. Showed that deliberately reminiscing about a certain lifetime period (e.g., high school) significantly increased the number of different IAMs from the same period in subsequent days, suggesting that priming may play a significant role in the retrieval of IAMs in everyday life. In the prese...

  18. Average prime-pair counting formula

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Korevaar; H.J.J. te Riele (Herman)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractTaking $r>0$, let $\\pi_{2r}(x)$ denote the number of prime pairs $(p,\\,p+2r)$ with $p\\le x$. The prime-pair conjecture of Hardy and Littlewood (1923) asserts that $\\pi_{2r}(x)\\sim 2C_{2r}\\,{\\rm li}_2(x)$ with an explicit constant $C_{2r}>0$. There seems to be no good conjecture for the

  19. Average prime-pair counting formula

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Korevaar; H.J.J. te Riele (Herman)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractTaking $r>0$, let $\\pi_{2r}(x)$ denote the number of prime pairs $(p,\\,p+2r)$ with $p\\le x$. The prime-pair conjecture of Hardy and Littlewood (1923) asserts that $\\pi_{2r}(x)\\sim 2C_{2r}\\,{\\rm li}_2(x)$ with an explicit constant $C_{2r}>0$. There seems to be no good conjecture for the

  20. Non-cognate translation priming in masked priming lexical decision experiments: A meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Yun; van Heuven, Walter J B

    2017-06-01

    The masked translation priming paradigm has been widely used in the last 25 years to investigate word processing in bilinguals. Motivated by studies reporting mixed findings, in particular for second language (L2) to first language (L1) translation priming, we conducted, for the first time in the literature, a meta-analysis of 64 masked priming lexical decision experiments across 24 studies to assess the effect sizes of L1-L2 and L2-L1 non-cognate translation priming effects in bilinguals. Our meta-analysis also investigated the influence of potential moderators of translation priming effects. The results provided clear evidence of significant translation priming effects for both directions, with L1-L2 translation priming significantly larger than L2-L1 translation priming (i.e., effect size of 0.86 vs. 0.31). The analyses also revealed that L1-L2 translation effect sizes were moderated by the interval between prime and target (ISI), whereas L2-L1 translation effect sizes were modulated by the number of items per cell. Theoretical and methodological implications of this meta-analysis are discussed and recommendations for future studies are provided.

  1. Prime implicants in dynamic reliability analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tyrväinen, Tero

    2016-01-01

    This paper develops an improved definition of a prime implicant for the needs of dynamic reliability analysis. Reliability analyses often aim to identify minimal cut sets or prime implicants, which are minimal conditions that cause an undesired top event, such as a system's failure. Dynamic reliability analysis methods take the time-dependent behaviour of a system into account. This means that the state of a component can change in the analysed time frame and prime implicants can include the failure of a component at different time points. There can also be dynamic constraints on a component's behaviour. For example, a component can be non-repairable in the given time frame. If a non-repairable component needs to be failed at a certain time point to cause the top event, we consider that the condition that it is failed at the latest possible time point is minimal, and the condition in which it fails earlier non-minimal. The traditional definition of a prime implicant does not account for this type of time-related minimality. In this paper, a new definition is introduced and illustrated using a dynamic flowgraph methodology model. - Highlights: • A new definition of a prime implicant is developed for dynamic reliability analysis. • The new definition takes time-related minimality into account. • The new definition is needed in dynamic flowgraph methodology. • Results can be represented by a smaller number of prime implicants.

  2. A behavioral database for masked form priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adelman, James S; Johnson, Rebecca L; McCormick, Samantha F; McKague, Meredith; Kinoshita, Sachiko; Bowers, Jeffrey S; Perry, Jason R; Lupker, Stephen J; Forster, Kenneth I; Cortese, Michael J; Scaltritti, Michele; Aschenbrenner, Andrew J; Coane, Jennifer H; White, Laurence; Yap, Melvin J; Davis, Chris; Kim, Jeesun; Davis, Colin J

    2014-12-01

    Reading involves a process of matching an orthographic input with stored representations in lexical memory. The masked priming paradigm has become a standard tool for investigating this process. Use of existing results from this paradigm can be limited by the precision of the data and the need for cross-experiment comparisons that lack normal experimental controls. Here, we present a single, large, high-precision, multicondition experiment to address these problems. Over 1,000 participants from 14 sites responded to 840 trials involving 28 different types of orthographically related primes (e.g., castfe-CASTLE) in a lexical decision task, as well as completing measures of spelling and vocabulary. The data were indeed highly sensitive to differences between conditions: After correction for multiple comparisons, prime type condition differences of 2.90 ms and above reached significance at the 5% level. This article presents the method of data collection and preliminary findings from these data, which included replications of the most widely agreed-upon differences between prime types, further evidence for systematic individual differences in susceptibility to priming, and new evidence regarding lexical properties associated with a target word's susceptibility to priming. These analyses will form a basis for the use of these data in quantitative model fitting and evaluation and for future exploration of these data that will inform and motivate new experiments.

  3. Components of competitor priming in task switching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teskey, Morgan L; Masson, Michael E J

    2017-11-01

    Executing an action in response to a stimulus is thought to result in the creation of an event code that integrates stimulus and action features (Allport, 1987; Hommel in Visual Cognition 5: 183-216, 1998). When switching between tasks, competitor priming occurs if a distractor stimulus cues the retrieval of a previously established event code in which that distractor is bound to a competing task, creating a source of interference with the current task whereby the observer is encouraged to apply the competing task to the distractor. We propose a second aspect of competitor priming: the misapplication of the retrieved competing task to the target stimulus. We report two task-switching experiments in which tasks applied to picture-word compound stimuli were manipulated to create conditions in which this second aspect of competitor priming could be revealed and distinguished from other sources of task- and stimulus-based priming. A substantial increase in competitor priming was observed when subjects switched between tasks that required very different processing operations and the competing task was highly relevant to the target stimulus. These results are consistent with our claim that competitor priming can result from applying the competing task either to the distractor that cued it or to the target stimulus.

  4. Repetition priming affects guessing not familiarity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernie Gordon

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The claim that recollection and familiarity based memory processes have distinct retrieval mechanisms is based partly on the observation that masked repetition and semantic priming influence estimates of familiarity derived from know responses but have no effect on estimates of recollection derived from remember responses. Close inspection of the experiments on which this claim is based reveal the effect size to be small, potentially the result of a type-2 error, and/or inflated due to participants not having the opportunity to report guesses. This paper re-evaluates these claims by attempting a partial replication of two such Experiments. Methods In Experiment 1 participants made remember, know, and guess responses following primed and unprimed target words. In Experiment 2 participants made sure, unsure, and guess following primed and unprimed target words. Results In Experiment 1 the repetition priming effect occurred only for guess responses and only for unstudied items. In Experiment 2 the priming effect occurred for both unsure and guess responses, but again only for unstudied items. Conclusion The data are consistent with the view that remembering and knowing do not correspond to confidence ratings; and suggest that contrary to earlier findings, recollection and familiarity do not differ in retrieval mechanisms. As such the effects of repetition priming on subjective reports of remembering should not be cited as evidence for the distinction between recollection and familiarity based memory processes.

  5. Nicotine does not enhance basic semantic priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Anna D; Chenery, Helen J; Copland, David A

    2010-08-01

    Utilising a cognitively demanding strategy-based priming paradigm, we recently observed that acute transdermal nicotine selectively influenced controlled semantic processing but not related-word links within semantic memory per se as reported by Holmes et al. (Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 11:389-399, 2008). The current study employed a less cognitively demanding priming paradigm to investigate whether nicotine influences the activation/access of links within semantic memory, and if the selective nicotinic influence on controlled but not automatic semantic processing could also be observed with these more general priming procedures. Transdermal nicotine patches (7 mg/24 h) were administered to healthy young adults in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design. The automatic priming task ( n = 18) had a low relatedness proportion (RP) and was presented at a short stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA), while the controlled priming task ( n = 18) had a high RP and long SOA. The patterns of priming effects indicated that automatic and controlled processing were operating for the respective tasks. However, a nicotinic influence on semantic processing was not evident for either task, nor was interplay of nicotine and relatedness observed. Together, the findings from the previous and current study suggest that an influence of nicotine on semantic processing may only emerge when effortful controlled processing is invoked. Furthermore, the findings suggest that nicotinic modulation of links within semantic memory may only be mediated by mnemonic processes.

  6. Processing Speaker Variability in Repetition and Semantic/Associative Priming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chao-Yang; Zhang, Yu

    2015-01-01

    The effect of speaker variability on accessing the form and meaning of spoken words was evaluated in two short-term priming experiments. In the repetition priming experiment, participants listened to repeated or unrelated prime-target pairs, in which the prime and target were produced by the same speaker or different speakers. The results showed…

  7. Semantic Priming for Coordinate Distant Concepts in Alzheimer's Disease Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perri, R.; Zannino, G. D.; Caltagirone, C.; Carlesimo, G. A.

    2011-01-01

    Semantic priming paradigms have been used to investigate semantic knowledge in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). While priming effects produced by prime-target pairs with associative relatedness reflect processes at both lexical and semantic levels, priming effects produced by words that are semantically related but not associated should…

  8. Long and Short Term Cumulative Structural Priming Effects

    OpenAIRE

    Kaschak, Michael P.; Kutta, Timothy J.; Coyle, Jacqueline M.

    2012-01-01

    We present six experiments that examine cumulative structural priming effects (i.e., structural priming effects that accumulate across many utterances). Of particular interest is whether (1) cumulative priming effects transfer across language production tasks and (2) the transfer of cumulative priming effects across tasks persists over the course of a week. Our data suggest that cumulative structural priming effects do transfer across language production tasks (e.g., from written stem complet...

  9. Implementering og anvendelse af nyere ledelsesteknologier i den kommunale sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Nielsen, Christian

    2009-01-01

    New Public Management vedrører transformeringen af ledelse i den offentlige sektor, bl.a. ved introduktion af nye krav til de offentlige ledere, herunder at skulle stå til regnskab for ressourceforbrug, kvaliteten af de leverede ydelser, samt en fornuftig anvendelse af skatteborgernes penge. En...... central del af New Public Management bevægelsen er derfor introduktionen af nye økonomistyringsteknikker og ledelsesmodeller. Denne artikel fokuserer på kendskab, udbredelse, prioritering og nytten af sådanne tiltag i kommunalt regi, og sætter fokus på, hvorvidt økonomistyringsteknikker og...

  10. Auswirkungen oraler Carnitingaben auf den Plasmacarnitingehalt beim Warmblutpferd

    OpenAIRE

    Schnitger, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    L-Carnitin, ein körpereigenes Aminosäurederivat, ist für den zellulären Energiestoffwechsel aufgrund seiner Carrierfunktion für die freien Fettsäuren von essenzieller Bedeutung. Über eine positive Beeinflussung des Energiestoffwechsels durch die Zulage von Carnitin bestehen bislang widersprüchliche Ergebnisse. Der gesunde Organismus kann seinen Bedarf durch Eigensynthese und über die Aufnahme aus der Nahrung decken. Während der Carnitingehalt im Blut durch die Zulage von Carnitin stark erhöht...

  11. Type II canal configuration and Type I Dens invaginatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liji, Mele Puthukudy; Chandrababu, Krishnankutty; Kumar, Maroli Ramesh; Jayashree, Santhadevi

    2014-07-01

    The prevalent notion about maxillary central incisor with normal external morphology is a tooth with single root and root canal. A case in which all four maxillary incisors were having Type II canal configurations (Vertucci's classification) is reported, in addition, the lateral incisors revealed dens invaginatus with a Type I pattern as suggested by Ohler's classification and a large periapical lesion was seen in relation to the right lateral incisor. The diagnosis was confirmed with the aid of spiral computed tomography (CT) and canals obturated. Nonsurgical healing of the lesion was assessed by reviewing the case at prefixed intervals of time.

  12. Bilateral dens invaginatus in the mandibular premolars - Diagnosis and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharangate, Nupur; Figueiredo, Nigel R; Fernandes, Marina; Lambor, Rajan

    2015-01-01

    Dens invaginatus (DI) is a developmental anomaly that results from an infolding of the dental papilla during tooth development and simulates the appearance of a tooth within another tooth. It shows a wide spectrum of variations in morphology and usually affects the maxillary lateral incisors. This study presents an unusual case of an Oehlers' Type I DI involving the bilateral mandibular first and second premolars, which presented as an incidental radiographic finding in the first premolars and was associated with a periapical lesion in the second premolars which was successfully treated using nonsurgical endodontics.

  13. Bilateral dens invaginatus in the mandibular premolars - Diagnosis and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nupur kharangate

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus (DI is a developmental anomaly that results from an infolding of the dental papilla during tooth development and simulates the appearance of a tooth within another tooth. It shows a wide spectrum of variations in morphology and usually affects the maxillary lateral incisors. This study presents an unusual case of an Oehlers′ Type I DI involving the bilateral mandibular first and second premolars, which presented as an incidental radiographic finding in the first premolars and was associated with a periapical lesion in the second premolars which was successfully treated using nonsurgical endodontics.

  14. Millennials- Den nya och krävande generationen

    OpenAIRE

    Svensson, Josefin; Öljefors, Christine

    2014-01-01

    Psykologisk forskning visar på att unga medarbetare, den så kallade Millennialgenerationen, efterfrågar en annan typ av ledarskap än deras äldre föregångare. Syftet med studien var att undersöka unga medarbetares föreställningar om transformativt ledarskap samt i vilken utsträckning dessa föreställningar motiverar dem i arbetet. Hypotes: Transformativt ledarskap är gynnsamt för unga vuxnas motivation på arbetsplatsen jämfört med andra ledarstilar så som laissez-faire och transaktionellt ledar...

  15. Verzwickte Flussgemeinschaft - Warum es so schwierig ist, den Flüssen Raum zu geben

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartmann, T.

    2011-01-01

    Extreme Hochwasser verursachen enorme Schäden in Flusslandschaften. Flussgemeinschaften müssen künftig den Flüssen mehr Raum geben, um Hochwasser in der Fläche zurückzuhalten, statt in der Höhe (der Deiche) zu bekämpfen. Die Idee „den Flüssen mehr Raum geben“ beschreibt eigentlich etwas

  16. Der Beitrag von Erfahrungen an den Entwicklungsprozessen zur Selbständigkeit

    OpenAIRE

    Panick, Veronika

    1999-01-01

    Mit der Arbeit wird der Versuch unternommen, den Zusammenhängen von Biographie- und individuellen Lernprozessen nachzugehen. Dies erfolgt am Beispiel von acht ostdeutschen ExistenzgründerInnen, die sich nach der Wende in den neuen Bundesländern im Lebensmitteleinzelhandel selbständig gemacht haben. Hierbei interessiert die Frage, inwieweit Erfahrungen den Lernprozeß behindert oder gefördert haben. Die Ergebnisse der Arbeit bestätigen die hohe Relevanz von Erfahrungen, Handlungsmustern und V...

  17. Endodontic treatment of immature maxillary lateral incisor with two canals: type 3 dens invaginatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altuntaş, Alev; Cınar, Cağdaş; Akal, Neşe

    2010-10-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly. The nonsurgical endodontic treatment of a type 3 dens invaginatus with a large periradicular lesion in a maxillary left lateral incisor of a 10-year-old girl is presented. In spite of difficult diagnosis and treatment of type 3 dens invaginatus, nonsurgical treatment was performed successfully. Resolution of the periradicular lesion and apical closure was observed after 1-year follow-up. Copyright © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Assessment of the prevalence and characteristics of dens invaginatus in a sample of Turkish Anatolian population

    OpenAIRE

    Cakici, Fatih; Celikoglu, Mevlut; Arslan, Hakan; Topcuoglu, H. Sinan; Erdogan, Aziz Sahin

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of dens invaginatus in anterior teeth and to classify the type of dens invaginatus in a sample of Turkish Anatolian population. Study design: A retrospective study was performed using full-mouth periapical and panoramic radiographs of 1012 patients. Maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth were evaluated for the presence and characteristics of dens invaginatus. Statistical evaluation of the presence of ...

  19. Küsten und Klimawandel in den Augen von Touristen : eine Wahrnehmungsanalyse an der deutschen Ostsee

    OpenAIRE

    Hallermeier, Larissa Diane

    2011-01-01

    Aufgrund seiner wirtschaftlichen Bedeutung spielt der Tourismus in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern eine große Rolle. Insbesondere die Küstengebiete sind beliebte Reiseziele. In den letzten Jahren konnte ein kontinuierlicher Anstieg der Ankünfte und Übernachtungen verzeichnet werden. Neben anderen Faktoren werden die regionalen Auswirkungen des Klimawandels jedoch in Zukunft eine Herausforderung für den Tourismussektor darstellen. Die globale Erwärmung wird für den Strand- und Badetourismus sowohl nega...

  20. Den økonomiske teoris rødder - fra Aristoteles til Lucas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Finn; Pedersen, Kurt

    I denne bog, "Den økonomiske teoris rødder - fra Aristoteles til Lucas", belyses den økonomiske teoris udvikling fra de første spæde græske forsøg godt 400 år f. Kr. helt op til vores egen samtid med en præsentation af moderne makroteori. Samtidig forsøger fremstillingen at sætte den økonomiske...

  1. Pulmonary contusion primes systemic innate immunity responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoth, J Jason; Martin, R S; Yoza, Barbara K; Wells, Jonathan D; Meredith, J W; McCall, Charles E

    2009-07-01

    Traumatic injury may result in an exaggerated response to subsequent immune stimuli such as nosocomial infection. This "second hit" phenomenon and molecular mechanism(s) of immune priming by traumatic lung injury, specifically, pulmonary contusion, remain unknown. We used an animal model of pulmonary contusion to determine whether the injury resulted in priming of the innate immune response and to test the hypothesis that resuscitation fluids could attenuate the primed response to a second hit. Male, 8 to 9 weeks, C57/BL6 mice with a pulmonary contusion were challenged by a second hit of intratracheal administration of the Toll-like receptor 4 agonist, lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 50 microg) 24 hours after injury (injury + LPS). Other experimental groups were injury + vehicle or LPS alone. A separate group was injured and resuscitated by 4 cc/kg of hypertonic saline (HTS) or Lactated Ringer's (LR) resuscitation before LPS challenge. Mice were killed 4 hours after LPS challenge and blood, bronchoalveolar lavage, and tissue were isolated and analyzed. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni multiple comparison posttest for significant differences (*p < or = 0.05). Injury + LPS showed immune priming observed by lung injury histology and increased bronchoalveolar lavage neutrophilia, lung myeloperoxidase and serum IL-6, CXCL1, and MIP-2 levels when compared with injury + vehicle or LPS alone. After injury, resuscitation with HTS, but not Lactated Ringer's was more effective in attenuating the primed response to a second hit. Pulmonary contusion primes innate immunity for an exaggerated response to a second hit with the Toll-like receptor 4 agonist, LPS. We observed synergistic increases in inflammatory mediator expression in the blood and a more severe lung injury in injured animals challenged with LPS. This priming effect was reduced when HTS was used to resuscitate the animal after lung contusion.

  2. Rapid response learning of brand logo priming: Evidence that brand priming is not dominated by rapid response learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehm, Stephan G; Smith, Ciaran; Muench, Niklas; Noble, Kirsty; Atherton, Catherine

    2017-08-31

    Repetition priming increases the accuracy and speed of responses to repeatedly processed stimuli. Repetition priming can result from two complementary sources: rapid response learning and facilitation within perceptual and conceptual networks. In conceptual classification tasks, rapid response learning dominates priming of object recognition, but it does not dominate priming of person recognition. This suggests that the relative engagement of network facilitation and rapid response learning depends on the stimulus domain. Here, we addressed the importance of the stimulus domain for rapid response learning by investigating priming in another domain, brands. In three experiments, participants performed conceptual decisions for brand logos. Strong priming was present, but it was not dominated by rapid response learning. These findings add further support to the importance of the stimulus domain for the relative importance of network facilitation and rapid response learning, and they indicate that brand priming is more similar to person recognition priming than object recognition priming, perhaps because priming of both brands and persons requires individuation.

  3. Smelly primes – when olfactory primes do or do not work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique A Smeets

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In applied olfactory cognition the effects that olfactory stimulation can have on (human behavior are investigated. To enable an efficient application of olfactory stimuli a model of how they may lead to a change in behavior is proposed. To this end we use the concept of olfactory priming. Olfactory priming may prompt a special view on priming as the olfactory sense has some unique properties which make odors special types of primes. Examples of such properties are the ability of odors to influence our behavior outside of awareness, to lead to strong affective evaluations, to evoke specific memories, and to associate easily and quickly to other environmental stimuli. Opportunities and limitations for using odors as primes are related to these properties, and alternative explanations for reported findings are offered. Implications for olfactory semantic, construal, behavior and goal priming are given based on a brief overview of the priming literature from social psychology and from olfactory perception science. We end by formulating recommendations and ideas for a future research agenda and applications for olfactory priming.

  4. False memories and lexical decision: even twelve primes do not cause long-term semantic priming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Zeelenberg (René); D. Pecher (Diane)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractSemantic priming effects are usually obtained only if the prime is presented shortly before the target stimulus. Recent evidence obtained with the so-called false memory paradigm suggests, however, that in both explicit and implicit memory tasks semantic relations between words

  5. Den ecology of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797, on soft sediment: availability and types of shelter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stelios Katsanevakis

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available To avoid predation, octopuses select and actively modify shelters (also called dens in the substratum, where they remain most of the time, especially during daylight hours. The main questions that this study deals with are: Is den availability a significant constraint for the distribution of Octopus vulgaris on soft sediment? What kind of dens does O. vulgaris use on soft sediment and what factors affect the selection of one type instead of another? With population density measurements by SCUBA diving and enrichment experiments with artificial dens, we concluded that the availability of solid materials necessary for den construction is a limiting factor for the distribution of O. vulgaris on soft sediment. O. vulgaris used four different types of den on soft sediment: well (a vertical hole in the sediment, rock/stone (the octopus uses a rock or a large stone to dig a cavity under it, shell (an empty shell is used, human origin (a solid material of human origin is used. The relative proportion of the four types of den in the areas studied was: 38.7% human origin, 29.7% well, 21.5% rock/stone, 2.9% shell. Also, 7.3% of the octopuses were found outside their den. The main types of den were found in different relative proportions in relation to the depth, the distance from shore, the octopus size and the granulometry of the sediment.

  6. Forskere giver opskriften på den perfekte lærer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fugl, Marie

    2008-01-01

    Et tæt forhold til den enkelte elev. Evnen til at lede en klasse. Og et vist mål faglig dygtighed. Det er ingredienserne i den gode lærer, der får gode resultater hos eleverne. Interview med professor Sven Erik Nordenbo. Udgivelsesdato: Juni......Et tæt forhold til den enkelte elev. Evnen til at lede en klasse. Og et vist mål faglig dygtighed. Det er ingredienserne i den gode lærer, der får gode resultater hos eleverne. Interview med professor Sven Erik Nordenbo. Udgivelsesdato: Juni...

  7. MANAGEMENT OF DENS INVAGINATUS TYPE II WITH PERIAPICAL LESION: CASE REPORT*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail Uzun

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly resulting from epithelial invagination of the tooth crown before calcification. Endodontic treatment of teeth affected by dens invaginatusmay be difficult and complex due to aberrant anatomy. Combined orthograde and surgical approaches for successful treatment of dens invaginatus are effective. This report describes the successful treatmentand results atthe 12-month follow-up of a maxillary lateral incisor showing dens invaginatus type II, a large periapical lesion and an open apex by using combined surgical and endodontic treatment.

  8. The prevalence of anterior teeth with dens invaginatus in the western Mediterranean region of Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirzioğlu, Z; Ceyhan, D

    2009-08-01

    To assess the prevalence and type of dens invaginatus in anterior teeth of a selected population and to report associated dental complications. The records of patients examined in the Department of Paedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey between 1999 and 2006 were screened and a total of 2477 patients who had complete records with satisfactory radiographs were selected. The type of dens invaginatus and the presence of apical pathosis was determined from radiographs. Other dental abnormalities, syndromes and systemic diseases were noted. Variations in crown shape were also recorded. Dens invaginatus was detected in 300 out of 2477 patients, with a prevalence of 12%; 82% of affected patients had dens invaginatus bilaterally. Maxillary lateral incisors were the most affected teeth. The majority of the teeth had normal crown morphology (95%). The most commonly seen type of dens invaginatus was type I (94%). Overall 33% of the patients with type III dens invaginatus and 4% of the patients with type II dens invaginatus had apical pathosis. No associations with other systemic diseases and syndromes and some limited association with hypodontia and dens evaginatus were detected. A careful oral examination, radiographs, a suitable treatment plan and follow-up programme are crucial for early diagnosis and treatment for teeth with dens invaginatus.

  9. Double dens invaginatus in an impacted molariform supernumerary tooth: An unique case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anegundi R

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus is a relatively rare developmental anomaly affecting usually the permanent maxillary lateral incisor. Various factors have been put forward regarding its pathogenesis. Involvement of crown/root has been reported as the coronal and radicular variety of dens invaginatus. One of the rarest variant is the Double dens invaginatus and only a few cases have been reported in the literature.This article focuses on a case of double dens invaginatus in an impacted maxillary anterior supernumerary tooth, the associated complications and its management

  10. Double dens invaginatus in an impacted molariform supernumerary tooth: a unique case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anegundi, R T; Kaveri, H; Patil, Shruthi B; Punnya, A

    2008-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a relatively rare developmental anomaly affecting usually the permanent maxillary lateral incisor. Various factors have been put forward regarding its pathogenesis. Involvement of crown/root has been reported as the coronal and radicular variety of dens invaginatus. One of the rarest variant is the Double dens invaginatus and only a few cases have been reported in the literature.This article focuses on a case of double dens invaginatus in an impacted maxillary anterior supernumerary tooth, the associated complications and its management.

  11. Repetition Priming Magnitude Depends on Affirmative Prime Responses: A Test of Two Congruity Explanations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiet, Paula; Sorensen, Linda; Mayne, Zachary; Corgiat, Damon; Woltz, Dan

    2016-01-01

    We conducted 2 experiments to evaluate the impact of positive prime responses on repetition priming effects while decoupling this impact from content congruity and specific evaluation operations. Our first experiment consisted of word-meaning comparison trials that required participants to evaluate synonyms or antonyms. A crossing of evaluation operation with semantic content allowed us to test the goal-content congruity hypothesis against the semantic congruity explanation for greater facilitation from positive response primes. Results suggested that operation-based priming is affected by goal-content congruity. A second experiment tested the observed effect of positive responses on repetition priming using mental rotation of irregular shapes, affording a test of the impact of congruity in evaluation goals and content in a nonverbal stimulus domain. Both experiments produced a pattern of results inconsistent with Schulman's (1974) semantic congruity account and instead implicated a different form of congruity that affects memory for prior operations rather than memory for semantic and episodic content.

  12. A Prime Example of the Maluma/Takete Effect? Testing for Sound Symbolic Priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidhu, David M; Pexman, Penny M

    2017-09-01

    Certain nonwords, like maluma and takete, are associated with roundness and sharpness, respectively. However, this has typically been demonstrated using explicit tasks. We investigated whether this association would be detectable using a more implicit measure-a sequential priming task. We began with a replication of the standard Maluma/Takete effect (Experiments 1a and 1b) before examining whether round and sharp nonword primes facilitated the categorization of congruent shapes (Experiment 2). We found modest evidence of a priming effect in response accuracy. We next examined whether nonword primes affected categorization of ambiguous shapes, using visual (Experiment 3) and auditory primes (Experiment 4). We found that ambiguous shapes were categorized as round (sharp) more often following the presentation of a round (sharp) nonword. This suggests that phonemes may activate related shape information which then affects the processing of shapes, and that this association emerges even when participants are not explicitly searching for it. Copyright © 2016 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  13. Random reward priming is task-contingent: the robustness of the 1-trial reward priming effect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ásgeirsson, Árni Gunnar; Kristjánsson, Árni

    2014-01-01

    Consistent financial reward of particular features influences the allocation of visual attention in many ways. More surprising are 1-trial reward priming effects on attention where reward schedules are random and reward on one trial influences attentional allocation on the next. Those findings...... for a Gabor patch of odd spatial frequency we found no evidence of reward priming, while we only partially replicate the reward priming in the exact original paradigm tested by Hickey and colleagues. The results cast doubt on the proposal that random reward enhances salience, suggested in the original papers......, and highlight the need for a more nuanced account. In many other paradigms reward effects have been found to progress gradually, becoming stronger as they build up, and we argue that for robust reward priming, reward schedules need to be more consistent than in the original 1-trial reward priming paradigm....

  14. Affective priming with associatively acquired valence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Saugar

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Priming afectivo con estímulos de valencia adquirida asociativamente. Se estudió en tres experimentos el efecto que sobre la evaluación de "targets" con valencia positiva o negativa tenía la presentación de "primes" congruentes o incongruentes afectivamente (el llamado efecto de "priming afectivo". En el Experimento 1 se replicó el efecto básico empleando como estímulos nombres del idioma español: el tiempo de reacción de las respuestas evaluativas (agradable/desagradable fue más lento en los ensayos incongruentes, en los que "prime " y "target" eran de valencia contraria, que en los congruentes, en los que ambos estímulos eran de igual valencia. En el Experimento 2, este efecto de la congruencia se obtuvo con "primes" que fueron seudo-palabras que habían sido previamente asociadas con consecuencias simbólicas positivas o negativas (plantas medicinales o venenos. Sin embargo, el efecto sólo se obtuvo en los ensayos con "targets" positivos. En el Experimento 3, los "primes" fueron seudo-palabras positivas, negativas o neutras, que habían adquirido una valencia mediante su asociación con consecuencias, positivas, negativas o neutras, respectivamente. En este caso, el efecto de congruencia se obtuvo con "targets" tanto positivos como negativos. Las respuestas evaluativas a los "targets" fueron significativamente más lentas en los ensayos incongruentes que en los congruentes. No obstante, los tiempos de reacción en los ensayos con "primes" neutrales no difirieron significativamente de los tiempos de reacción en los ensayos con "primes" positivos o negativos. Estos resultados sugieren que los procedimientos de aprendizaje asociativo en los que una clave neutra es asociada con una consecuencia simbólica dotada de valencia afectiva confieren a esa clave una valencia similar o condicionan ante ella una respuesta evaluativa. Esta valencia adquirida asociativamente afecta luego al procesamiento evaluativo del

  15. Priming Intelligent Behavior: An Elusive Phenomenon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanks, David R.; Newell, Ben R.; Lee, Eun Hee; Balakrishnan, Divya; Ekelund, Lisa; Cenac, Zarus; Kavvadia, Fragkiski; Moore, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    Can behavior be unconsciously primed via the activation of attitudes, stereotypes, or other concepts? A number of studies have suggested that such priming effects can occur, and a prominent illustration is the claim that individuals' accuracy in answering general knowledge questions can be influenced by activating intelligence-related concepts such as professor or soccer hooligan. In 9 experiments with 475 participants we employed the procedures used in these studies, as well as a number of variants of those procedures, in an attempt to obtain this intelligence priming effect. None of the experiments obtained the effect, although financial incentives did boost performance. A Bayesian analysis reveals considerable evidential support for the null hypothesis. The results conform to the pattern typically obtained in word priming experiments in which priming is very narrow in its generalization and unconscious (subliminal) influences, if they occur at all, are extremely short-lived. We encourage others to explore the circumstances in which this phenomenon might be obtained. PMID:23637732

  16. Priming intelligent behavior: an elusive phenomenon.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David R Shanks

    Full Text Available Can behavior be unconsciously primed via the activation of attitudes, stereotypes, or other concepts? A number of studies have suggested that such priming effects can occur, and a prominent illustration is the claim that individuals' accuracy in answering general knowledge questions can be influenced by activating intelligence-related concepts such as professor or soccer hooligan. In 9 experiments with 475 participants we employed the procedures used in these studies, as well as a number of variants of those procedures, in an attempt to obtain this intelligence priming effect. None of the experiments obtained the effect, although financial incentives did boost performance. A Bayesian analysis reveals considerable evidential support for the null hypothesis. The results conform to the pattern typically obtained in word priming experiments in which priming is very narrow in its generalization and unconscious (subliminal influences, if they occur at all, are extremely short-lived. We encourage others to explore the circumstances in which this phenomenon might be obtained.

  17. Effekte oraler Vitamin-B12-Substitution auf den Stoffwechsel und den Gesundheitsstatus bei Milchkühen

    OpenAIRE

    Obitz, Kristin

    2015-01-01

    Einleitung: Vitamin B12 hat wichtige Funktionen im Energiestoffwechsel sowie bei der Erythropoese. Beide Funktionskreise werden bei Hochleistungskühen besonders beansprucht und können bei Belastungen und ungenügender Vitamin-B12-Versorgung Ausgangspunkt für klinische Störungen werden. Ziele der Untersuchungen: In den vorliegenden Studien wurde der Fragestellung nachgegangen, wie sich die Vitamin-B12-Konzentration im Blutserum von Milchkühen in der Frühlaktation verhält und welche Zusammen...

  18. Priming for novel object associations: Neural differences from object item priming and equivalent forms of recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Carlos Alexandre; Figueiredo, Patrícia; Mayes, Andrew

    2016-04-01

    The neural substrates of associative and item priming and recognition were investigated in a functional magnetic resonance imaging study over two separate sessions. In the priming session, participants decided which object of a pair was bigger during both study and test phases. In the recognition session, participants saw different object pairs and performed the same size-judgement task followed by an associative recognition memory task. Associative priming was accompanied by reduced activity in the right middle occipital gyrus as well as in bilateral hippocampus. Object item priming was accompanied by reduced activity in extensive priming-related areas in the bilateral occipitotemporofrontal cortex, as well as in the perirhinal cortex, but not in the hippocampus. Associative recognition was characterized by activity increases in regions linked to recollection, such as the hippocampus, posterior cingulate cortex, anterior medial frontal gyrus and posterior parahippocampal cortex. Item object priming and recognition recruited broadly overlapping regions (e.g., bilateral middle occipital and prefrontal cortices, left fusiform gyrus), even though the BOLD response was in opposite directions. These regions along with the precuneus, where both item priming and recognition were accompanied by activation, have been found to respond to object familiarity. The minimal structural overlap between object associative priming and recollection-based associative recognition suggests that they depend on largely different stimulus-related information and that the different directions of the effects indicate distinct retrieval mechanisms. In contrast, item priming and familiarity-based recognition seemed mainly based on common memory information, although the extent of common processing between priming and familiarity remains unclear. Further implications of these findings are discussed. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor: Styrelser og statslige institutioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper Bull; Andersen, Kim Normann

    digital postkasse, som borgerne kunne skrive til. I denne undersøgelse sættes der fokus på myndighedernes besvarelse af den digitale post. Digital post blev bl.a. etableret som et alternativ til almindelig e-mail for at det offentlige kan kommunikere med borgere og virksomheder på en sikker måde, dvs....... uden at uvedkommende kan få adgang til følsomme oplysninger. Fokus for undersøgelsen er hvordan håndterer myndighederne besvarelserne i den digitale postkasse: svarer de på digital post og e-mail, hvor hurtigt svarer de og er svarene brugbare? Vi har også undersøgt besvarelse af e-mail, dels...... for at kunne sammenligne de to digitale kanaler og for at kunne sammenligne med en tidligere undersøgelse af digital kommunikation med det offentlige. Herudover er der tidligere gennemført en undersøgelse af e-mail svar og svartider i New Zealand og Australien. De danske resultater fra e-mail undersøgelsen...

  20. AC-arbejdskraft i den vestlige del af Region Midtjylland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filges, Trine; Holt, Helle

    Denne rapport belyser muligheder og barrierer for AC-arbejdskraft i den vestlige del af Region Midtjylland. Undersøgelsen viser, at ca. 8 pct. af virksomhederne, der indgår i undersøgelsen, på interviewtidspunktet ønsker at rekruttere AC-arbejdskraft inden for 6 måneder. Undersøgelsen viser desuden......, at mange af virksomhederne forventer, at AC’eren møder på arbejdspladsen hver dag – og gerne, at de flytter til lokalområdet. Virksomhederne vurderer, at det er en barriere, at AC’erne har svært ved at se en videre karriere i lokalområdet, og at de foretrækker at pendle til arbejdspladsen. Dårlig...... infrastruktur nævnes i den forbindelse også som en barriere. Undersøgelsen bygger på en spørgeskemaundersøgelse blandt virksomheder i kommunerne: Lemvig, Holstebro, Herning, Ringkøbing-Skjern og Struer. Undersøgelsen er bestilt af Beskæftigelsesregion Midtjylland og er finansieret af Region Midtjylland og...

  1. Videnskabsteorien og den reflekterende dømmekraft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Klaus Frovin

    2007-01-01

    I denne artikel diskuterer jeg Immanuel Kants videnskabssyn, som det tager sig ud i Kritik af dømmekraften. Udgangspunktet er erkendelsesteorien og i særdeleshed den såkaldte skemateori. For Kant findes der rene videnskaber og empiriske videnskaber. De rene videnskabers begreber er karakteriseret...... instrumentalisme, der hersker. Der er visse subjektive principper og maximer, som er mere ’naturlige’ og ’rigtige’ end andre. Kants typiske eksempler herpå er ideen om fuldstændig enhed af den videnskabelige erkendelse og ideen om teleologi i naturen – at intet i naturen er tilfældigt, og at alt har et formål....... Artiklen afsluttes ved at perspektivere og sammenstille Kants videnskabsfilosofi med Thomas Kuhns nutidige videnskabsteori. Jeg argumenterer for, at Kants og Kuhns teorier har fundamentale elementer og strukturer til fælles, og at de vigtigste fornuftsmæssige ideer og principper hos Kant går igen i Kuhns...

  2. Bilateral dens invaginatus in the mandibular premolar region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canger Emin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Dens invaginatus (dens in dente, DI is a rare developmental anomaly resulting from invagination of a portion of the crown rare. It is an important dental anomaly due to the possible pulpal involvement. DI can be detected clinically in a tooth presenting unusual crown morphology or having deep foramen coaceum. Also, clinically, non-suspected affected teeth are commonly diagnosed as an incidental radiographic finding. Presence of DI in the mandibular premolar teeth is unusual. Aims is to introduce a case of bilateral occurrence of DI in mandibular first premolar teeth. A 33- year-old man was referred to our clinic with a chief complaint of severe pain in his lower third molar tooth. Radiographic examination revealed bilateral DI (single at the left, double at the right in mandibular first premolar teeth. The teeth were restored with fissure sealant. Although bilateral appearance of DI is a frequent situation, mandibular occurrence is very rare. Our review of the literature reveals just nine cases of DI, and only one of them is in a premolar tooth.

  3. Der chthonische Dionysos - Zur Wirkmacht des Mythos in den Mysterien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niklas Engel

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag soll aufzeigen, dass eine chthonische und eschatologische Dimension der dionysischen Göttlichkeit in verschiedenen Riten und Kulten des Gottes nachgewiesen werden kann und dabei keinesfalls mysterienexklusiv ist. Dazu soll der archäologische Befund, der Dionysos mit dem Jenseits und eschatologischen Ho nungen in Verbindung bringt, vorgestellt und untersucht werden. Darauf aufbauend soll belegt werden, dass diese jenseitige Dimension sich sowohl in Riten mit privatem Kern, hier am Beispiel der Oreibasia, als auch in Kultfeiern des ö entlichen Festkanons, wie den Anthesterien, zeigt. Abschließend soll dann Dionysos‘ Funktion in den eleusinischen Mysterien untersucht werden. This paper aims to show that a chthonic and eschatological dimension of dionysiac divinity can be found in various rites and cults of the god and that this is not exclusive for the mysteries. Recent archaeological evidence connecting Dionysos with the afterlife and eschatological expectations will be introduced and analyzed. is dimension manifests itself in rites with a private intent (e.g. the Oreibasia as well as public celebrations of the festival calendar (e.g. the Anthesteria. An analysis of Dionysos’ function in the eleusinian mysteries concludes the overview.

  4. Post-den emergence behavior of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in Northern Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, T.S.; Partridge, Steven T.; Amstrup, Steven C.; Schliebe, S.

    2007-01-01

    We observed polar bear (Ursus maritimus) maternity den sites on Alaska’s North Slope in March 2002 and 2003 in an effort to describe bears’ post-den emergence behavior. During 40 sessions spanning 459 h, we observed 8 adults and 14 dependent cubs outside dens for 37.5 h (8.2% of total observation time). There was no significant difference between den emergence dates in 2002 (mean = 15 Mar ± 4.1 d) and 2003 (mean = 21 Mar ± 2.1 d). Following initial den breakout, polar bears remained at their den sites for 1.5 to 14 days (mean = 8.1 ± 5.1 d). The average length of stay in dens between emergent periods was significantly shorter in 2002 (1.79 h) than in 2003 (4.82 h). While outside, adult bears were inactive 49.5% of the time, whereas cubs were inactive 13.4% of the time. We found no significant relationships between den emergence activity and weather. Adult polar bears at den sites subjected to industrial activity exhibited significantly fewer bouts of vigilance than denned bears in undisturbed areas (t = -5.5164, df = 4, p= 0.00). However, the duration of vigilance behaviors at sites near industrial activity was not significantly shorter than at the other sites studied (t = -1.8902, df = 4, p = 0.07). Results for these bears were within the range of findings in other studies of denned polar bears.

  5. ORAL PRIMING AND THE ACD BASIC RULE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, David W

    2016-01-01

    James Rest proposed a model of moral behavior with four components: sensitivity, reasoning, character, and courage (or action). Research has shown that moral character is a complex construct. Multiple moral self-concepts exist within each individual, and different context predispose various of these to become dominant in different settings. Moral priming is the practice of manipulating the environment to favor the use of appropriate moral self-concepts. A study is reported, demonstrating that dentists can be primed to express more moral views based entirely on context. The observed effect of priming was large. The ACD Rule for Moral Identity states that when there is conflict between professionalism and economic or other self-interests, professionalism takes precedence.

  6. Congruent numbers with many prime factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Ye

    2012-12-26

    Mohammed Ben Alhocain, in an Arab manuscript of the 10th century, stated that the principal object of the theory of rational right triangles is to find a square that when increased or diminished by a certain number, m becomes a square [Dickson LE (1971) History of the Theory of Numbers (Chelsea, New York), Vol 2, Chap 16]. In modern language, this object is to find a rational point of infinite order on the elliptic curve my2 = x3 - x. Heegner constructed such rational points in the case that m are primes congruent to 5,7 modulo 8 or twice primes congruent to 3 modulo 8 [Monsky P (1990) Math Z 204:45-68]. We extend Heegner's result to integers m with many prime divisors and give a sketch in this report. The full details of all the proofs will be given in ref. 1 [Tian Y (2012) Congruent Numbers and Heegner Points, arXiv:1210.8231].

  7. Positions priming in briefly presented search arrays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asgeirsson, Arni Gunnar; Kristjánsson, Árni; Kyllingsbæk, Søren

    2011-01-01

    Repetition priming in visual search has been a topic of extensive research since Maljkovic & Nakayama [1994, Memory & Cognition, 22, 657-672] presented the first detailed studies of such effects. Their results showed large reductions in reaction times when target color was repeated on consecutive...... the targets are oddly colored alphanumeric characters. The effects arise at very low exposure durations and benefit accuracy at all exposure durations towards the subjects’ ceiling. We conclude that temporally constricted experimental conditions can add to our understanding priming in visual search...... pop-out search trials. Such repetition effects have since been generalized to a multitude of target attributes. Priming has primarily been investigated using self-terminating visual search paradigms, comparing differences in response times. Response accuracy has predominantly served as a control...

  8. Prime Minister of Pakistan visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2016-01-01

    On Saturday, 23 January 2016, CERN welcomed Mr Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan.   From left to right: Minister of Finance Mr Mohammad Ishaq Dar, Prime Minister of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, CERN Director-General Fabiola Gianotti and CMS national contact physicist Hafeez Hoorani. Mr Muhammad Nawaz Sharif arrived at Point 5 in Cessy, where he was welcomed onto French soil by the sous-préfet of Cessy, Stéphane Donnot, and, representing CERN, Director-General Fabiola Gianotti, Directors Eckhard Elsen and Charlotte Warakaulle, and Rüdiger Voss, the adviser for relations with Pakistan. It was the first visit by a head of government of Pakistan since the country became CERN's latest Associate Member State in July 2015. The Prime Minister then had the opportunity to visit the CMS underground experimental area accompanied by the CMS Spokesperson, Tiziano Camporesi, and the CMS collaboration’...

  9. Den koreanske bølgen - En kulturvitenskapelig studie av sørkoreansk populærkultur, og hvordan den har nådd Vesten

    OpenAIRE

    Kvinge, Kristin Øyvindsdatter

    2016-01-01

    Hensikten med denne oppgaven er å se på den koreanske bølgen, som ofte refereres til som Hallyu. Den tar for seg både Hallyu som innhold og Hallyu som fenomen. Den koreanske bølgen har spredd seg hurtig i løpet av de siste 20 årene, noe som har bidratt til å gjøre Korea til en av de hurtigst økende økonomiene i den moderne tid. Denne oppgaven forsøker å se nærmere på hvordan Hallyu har nådd Vesten, med fokus på Europa og Norge. Før analysen vil oppgaven se nærmere på hv...

  10. Iron to fight the climate collapse. Can algae stem the greenhouse effect?; Eisen gegen den Klimakollaps. Algen gegen den Treibhauseffekt?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kobbe, B.

    1996-10-01

    This article in popular language describes investigations regarding a possible relationship between phytoplankton growth and the iron content of oceans. Upon aimed ``fertilization`` of an area of 100 square kilometres in the region of the Galapagos islands with 500 kilogrammes of dissolved iron sulfate, an increase in chlorophyll occurring in phytoplankton by a factor of 30 was found in that area. The question is discussed of whether the resulting lowering of the carbon dioxide concentration on a global scale could be a solution to the greenhouse problem. (FK) [Deutsch] Dieser allgemeinverstaendliche Artikel stellt aktuelle Untersuchungen ueber einen moeglichen Zusammenhang zwischen dem Wachstum des Phytoplanktons und dem Eisengehalt der Ozeane dar. Nach gezielter `Duengung` eines 100 km{sup 2} grossen Areals im Gebiet der Galopagos-Inseln mit 500 kg geloestem Eisensulfat wurde dort eine Zunahme des im Phytoplankton vorkommenden Chlorophylls um den Faktor 30 festgestellt. Es wird diskutiert, ob die daraus folgende Absenkung der CO{sub 2}-Konzentration in globalem Massstab eine Loesung fuer den Treibhaus-Effekt sein kann. (FK)

  11. You prime what you code: The fAIM model of priming of pop-out.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wouter Kruijne

    Full Text Available Our visual brain makes use of recent experience to interact with the visual world, and efficiently select relevant information. This is exemplified by speeded search when target- and distractor features repeat across trials versus when they switch, a phenomenon referred to as intertrial priming. Here, we present fAIM, a computational model that demonstrates how priming can be explained by a simple feature-weighting mechanism integrated into an established model of bottom-up vision. In fAIM, such modulations in feature gains are widespread and not just restricted to one or a few features. Consequentially, priming effects result from the overall tuning of visual features to the task at hand. Such tuning allows the model to reproduce priming for different types of stimuli, including for typical stimulus dimensions such as 'color' and for less obvious dimensions such as 'spikiness' of shapes. Moreover, the model explains some puzzling findings from the literature: it shows how priming can be found for target-distractor stimulus relations rather than for their absolute stimulus values per se, without an explicit representation of relations. Similarly, it simulates effects that have been taken to reflect a modulation of priming by an observers' goals-without any representation of goals in the model. We conclude that priming is best considered as a consequence of a general adaptation of the brain to visual input, and not as a peculiarity of visual search.

  12. Den Europæiske union er på vej mod at udvikle og implementere europæiske regnskabsstandarder indenfor den offentlige sektor (EPSAS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pontoppidan, Caroline Aggestam

    2013-01-01

    I maj 2013 var Europa-Kommissionen og Eurostat vært for en konference med formålet at forhandle om den fremtidige udvikling af harmoniserede offentlige regnskabsstandarder (European Public Sector Stardards' EPSAS), som skal anvendes af alle medlemslande i den Europæiske Union. Konfererencen, som ...... blev holdt i Bryssel, samlede internationale organisatoner såsom International Federation of Accountants (FAC), Verdensbanken og International Monetary Fund (IMF) samt interessenter og beslutningstagere fra EU's medlemslande....

  13. 1/49 der einfluss und die stellung des völkerrechts in den ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Tanya du Plessis

    25. Sept. 2008 ... den früher sozialistischen Staaten Mittel- und Osteuropas eine Art Tabu. Die. Angst vor dem Geist und der Wirkung völkerrechtlicher Instrumente, der ideologische Kampf und vor allem die Sorge um den Schutz der staatlichen. Souveränität verhinderten über Jahrzehnte hinweg das wirkliche Eindringen.

  14. Den site activity patterns of adult male and female swift foxes, Vulpes velox, in Northwestern Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemons, P.R.; Ballard, W.B.; Sullivan, R.M.; Sovada, M.A.

    2003-01-01

    Activity of Swift Foxes (Vulpes velox) at den sites was studied in northwestern Texas during pup rearing seasons in 2000 and 2001 to determine role of males in parental care. Twenty-four percent of radio-collared females with a potential to breed successfully raised pups to eight weeks of age. We intensively monitored presence and absence of male and female Swift Foxes at two den sites each year. Females were present >2.6 times more at den sites than males during the pup rearing season. Female and male Swift Foxes largely stayed at dens during diurnal hours and were active away from dens during nocturnal and crepuscular hours. Females and males spent 12.4% and 3.0% more time at dens before pups emerged, than after pups emerged, respectively. Following depredation of one male parent, the female spent 29% less time at the den site. Decrease in time spent at the den by the female following loss of her mate suggested that loss of one parent might severely impact recruitment of Swift Foxes. Our observations indicated that intense Coyote (Canis latrans) depredation may severely impact pup-rearing success as well as the parental care within Swift Fox family groups.

  15. Zur Frage der Zähmung des Onager bei den alten Sumerern

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Antonius, Otto

    1939-01-01

    Die Veröffentlichung von zwei neuen Funden aus dem Zweistromlande (1, 2, 3) ist geeignet, mehr Licht auf die viel umstrittene Frage zu werfen, welcher Art die von den alten Sumerern im dritten vorchristlichen Jahrtausend als Zugtiere vor den Kriegswagen verwendeten Einhufer angehört haben.

  16. Chlorerede opløsningsmidler i den mættede zone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, K.

    1996-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Jensen,B.K. & Nilsson,B.: Chlorerede opløsningsmidler i den mættede zone. Miljøstyrelsen 1996, (Miljøprojekt 330)......Anmeldelse af Jensen,B.K. & Nilsson,B.: Chlorerede opløsningsmidler i den mættede zone. Miljøstyrelsen 1996, (Miljøprojekt 330)...

  17. Wind interviewet til Berlingske om den stigningen opbakning til EU blandt danskerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wind, Marlene

    2017-01-01

    Professor og centerleder, Marlene Wind, var tirsdag den 11. juli interviewet til Berlingske om den stigende opbakning til EU blandt danskerne. Wind forklarer blandt andet stigningen med de igangværende Brexit forhandlinger, men også at truslen fra Rusland er med til at forstærke opbakningen til EU...

  18. Polar bear maternal den habitat in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durner, George M.; Amstrup, Steven C.; Ambrosius, Ken J.

    2006-01-01

    Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) give birth during mid-winter in dens of ice and snow. Denning polar bears subjected to human disturbances may abandon dens before their altricial young can survive the rigors of the Arctic winter. Because the Arctic coastal plain of Alaska is an area of high petroleum potential and contains existing and planned oil field developments, the distribution of polar bear dens on the plain is of interest to land managers. Therefore, as part of a study of denning habitats along the entire Arctic coast of Alaska, we examined high-resolution aerial photographs (n = 1655) of the 7994 km2 coastal plain included in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) and mapped 3621 km of bank habitat suitable for denning by polar bears. Such habitats were distributed uniformly and comprised 0.29% (23.2 km2) of the coastal plain between the Canning River and the Canadian border. Ground-truth sampling suggested that we had correctly identified 91.5% of bank denning habitats on the ANWR coastal plain. Knowledge of the distribution of these habitats will help facilitate informed management of human activities and minimize disruption of polar bears in maternal dens.

  19. Habitat characteristics at den sites of the Point Arena mountain beaver (Aplodontia rufa nigra)

    Science.gov (United States)

    William J. Zielinski; John E. Hunter; Robin Hamlin; Keith M. Slauson; M. J. Mazurek

    2010-01-01

    The Point Arena mountain beaver (Aplodontia rufa nigra) is a federally listed endangered species, but has been the subject of few studies. Mountain beavers use burrows that include a single subterranean den. Foremost among the information needs for this subspecies is a description of the above-ground habitat features associated with dens. Using...

  20. Den Dansk-Engelske Regnskabsordbog/Danish-English Dictionary of Accounting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sandro; Mourier, Lise; Bergenholtz, Henning

    Den Dansk-Engelske Regnskabsordbog. Hver af ordbøgerne har 4.100 opslagsord og ca. 15.000 ordforbindelser. Ordbøgerne bygger primært på den gældende danske årsregnskabslov, danske regnskabsvejledninger og internationale regnskabsstandarder (IAS/IFRS)....

  1. Læringsfremmende evaluering i den lægelige videreuddannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Bjørn; Klitmøller, Anders

    2011-01-01

    Denne statusartikel omhandler evaluering af læger, og hvorledes evaluering kan anvendes som en læringsfremmende foranstaltning. Fokus i artiklen er på den formelle evaluering, som den kommer til udtryk i de kliniske vejledersamtaler. Da de fleste læger i deres karriere fungerer som vejleder, er d...

  2. The Sandwich Priming Paradigm Does Not Reduce Lexical Competitor Effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trifonova, Iliyana V; Adelman, James S

    2018-02-01

    We investigated the mechanisms underlying sandwich priming, a procedure in which a brief preprime target presentation precedes the conventional mask-prime-target sequence, used to study orthographic similarity. Lupker and Davis (2009) showed the sandwich paradigm enhances orthographic priming effects: With primes moderately related to targets, sandwich priming produced significant facilitation, but conventional priming did not. They argued that unlike conventional priming, sandwich priming is not susceptible to an uncontrolled counteractive inhibitory process, lexical competition, that cancels out moderate facilitation effects. They suggest lexical competition is eliminated by preactivating the target's representation, privileging the target over similar lexical units (competitors). As such, it better measures orthographic relatedness between primes and targets, a key purpose of many priming studies. We tested whether elimination of lexical competition could indeed account for the observed orthographic priming boost with sandwich priming. In three lexical decision experiments and accompanying simulations with a competitive network model, we compared priming effects in three preprime procedures: no preprime (conventional), identity (target) preprime (sandwich), and competitor preprime (included to exacerbate lexical competition). The related prime conditions consisted of replaced-letters, shared neighbor (one-letter-different from both competitor preprime and target), and transposed-all-letter nonword primes. Contrary to the model's predictions, the competitor preprime did not attenuate (Experiment 1) or even reverse the priming effect (Experiment 2). Moreover, the competitor enabled facilitatory priming that was absent with no preprime (Experiment 3). These data suggested that the sandwich orthographic boost could not be attributed to reduced lexical competition but rather to prelexical processes in word recognition. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all

  3. The Transrapid in Shanghai - Breakthrough for a new market?; Der Transrapid in Shanghai - Weichenstellung fuer den Weltmarkt?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raschbichler, H.G. [Transrapid International GmbH und Co. KG, Berlin (Germany)

    2003-07-01

    On New Year's Eve 2002, the world's first commercial Transrapid superspeed maglev train started for its maiden trip in Shanghai and opened a new chapter of railroad history. In the presence of German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and Chinese Prime Minister Zhu Rongji on board the train, the Transrapid reached the operating speed of 430 km/h planned for scheduled operation on the 30 kilometres long route between the city center and Pudong International Airport. The constructions of the Shanghai Transrapid line and the decision on the maglev projects in Germany have given a boost to the innovative rail system. (orig.) [German] Mit der Jungfernfahrt auf der weltweit ersten kommerziellen Transrapid-Strecke in Shanghai hat am Silvester-Tag 2002 eine neue Aera des Bahnverkehrs begonnen. Mit Bundeskanzler Gerhard Schroeder und dem chinesischen Ministerpraesidenten Zhu Rongji an Bord erreichte die Magnetschwebebahn Transrapid auf der 30 Kilometer langen Strecke zwischen der chinesischen Metropole und dem Flughafen Pudong International bereits die Betriebsgeschwindigkeit von 430 km/h, die fuer den fahrplanmaessigen Betrieb vorgesehen ist. Der Bau der Transrapid-Strecke in Shanghai und die Entscheidung ueber die Magnetschwebebahn-Vorhaben in Deutschland haben dem innovativen Bahnsystem weltweit zusaetzlich Schub gegeben. (orig.)

  4. Dens invaginatus in primary maxillary molar: a rare case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansal, Arpana V; Bansal, Abhinav; Kulkarni, Vinaya Kumar; Dhar, Reema Sharma

    2012-05-01

    Dens invaginatus is a rare developmental anomaly. It is unusual to find this anomaly in primary dentition. Diagnosis of this dens invaginatus is important due to possible pulpal involvement. Not only that, simultaneous presence of other dental anomaly may require long-term treatment planning. Dens invaginatus can be detected clinically in the tooth presenting unusual crown morphology or radiographically as radiopacity within tooth. This article describes one of the first case reports of dens invaginatus in primary maxillary second molar in a 5-year-old female patient. How to cite this article: Bansal AV, Bansal A, Kulkarni VK, Dhar RS. Dens Invaginatus in Primary Maxillary Molar: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012;5(2):139-141.

  5. Types and forms of sleeping dens of pacas (Cuniculus paca in the upper Itaya river basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolando Aquino

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This report deals with paca sleeping dens (Cuniculus paca Linnaeus, 1766. The study was conducted between August 2006 and April 2007 and is based on detailed observations. Results indicate that this rodent uses holes in the ground or in fallen trees as sleeping dens. Each of these sleeping dens had two or more orifices and an internal cavity for the "diurnal sleep”. Typically, one orifice was for common use and the rest for the circumstantial escape. According to their form, their localization in the ground, and the number and location of orifices, sleeping dens were classified into four types, of which type A was the most common. The results also indicate a greater concentration of sleeping dens in temporary flooded gallery forest.

  6. The origin of art according to Karl von den Steinen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Déléage

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on a study of the custom, adopted by ethnologists in the early 20th century, of asking Amerindians of Lowland South America to do drawings in pencil in their notebooks, I explore three forgotten fragments of the history of thinking: the intense debates on the origin of ornaments, opposing an evolutionist and a materialist approach at the end of the 19th century; the theories on the origin of figuration, which I show date back to the important work of Karl von den Steinen regarding the populations of central Brazil; and the publications of ethnologists’ portraits drawn by Indians of the lowlands of South America, a little-known tradition of reverse anthropology serving as a counterpoint to the study of the reception of Amerindian art in Western ethnological literature.

  7. Dens invaginatus in an impacted mesiodens: a morphological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantín, M; Fonseca, G M

    2013-01-01

    Dens invaginatus (DI) is a dental anomaly originated from invagination of the enamel organ into the dental papilla, during odontogenesis. DI may be associated with other abnormalities such as dysmorphic mesiodens, and this unusual condition may be detected by chance on the conventional radiography. However, the three-dimensional nature and the exact morphological patterns of DI are impossible to appreciate from this method. We present a morphological study of impacted mesiodens in a 9-year-old girl, which the three coronal invaginations were detected only by Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) in the pre-surgical examination. CBCT, radiographic and microscopic reproductions allow transfer of images to facilitate cooperation of working groups, examination as well as for teaching purposes.

  8. Dens invaginatus in a geminated maxillary lateral incisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pallivathukal, Renjith George; Misra, Alok; Nagraj, Sumanth Kumbargere; Donald, Preethy Mary

    2015-01-01

    Dens invaginatus (DI) and gemination are two developmental abnormalities that are well reported in the dental literature, but their coexistence in a single tooth is rare. Such situations worsen the risk factors associated with these anomalies, and the treatment plan should be customised as they possess altered morphology and anatomy. A 19-year-old girl came for evaluation of a cracked tooth in the front region of the upper jaw. The tooth showed clinical features of gemination and radiographic features of DI, and was diagnosed as DI in geminated maxillary lateral incisor. The differential diagnoses based on clinical appearance without radiographic investigation may warrant the treatment approach if these two abnormalities coexist in a single tooth. The report also highlights the importance of three-dimensional imaging in diagnosis and treatment planning of teeth with altered pulp canal anatomy. There are few reported cases in the literature detailing the treatment options for these two anomalies occurring in the same tooth. PMID:26002668

  9. Priming involuntary autobiographical memories in the lab.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barzykowski, Krystian; Niedźwieńska, Agnieszka

    2018-02-01

    Involuntary autobiographical memories (IAMs) are recollections of personal past that frequently and spontaneously occur in daily life. Initial studies by Mace (2005) showed that deliberately reminiscing about a certain lifetime period (e.g., high school) significantly increased the number of different IAMs from the same period in subsequent days, suggesting that priming may play a significant role in the retrieval of IAMs in everyday life. In the present study, we used a modified experimental paradigm, originally used by Schlagman and Kvavilashvili (2008), to study IAMs under well-controlled laboratory conditions. Participants completed a monotonous vigilance task twice and reported the occurrence of any spontaneous thoughts that were later classed as IAMs or other thoughts. Priming was manipulated by having experimental participants reminiscing about high school period between the two vigilance tasks and control participants playing simple games. Results showed that participants in the experimental group reported IAMs relating to high school period more frequently during the second vigilance task than those in the control group. In the experimental group, the number of high school memories was marginally higher in the second vigilance task compared to the first vigilance task with the medium effect size, but this within subjects effect was not significant in the control group. Finally, priming also enhanced the retrieval of more remote IAMs in the experimental group compared to the control group. These results suggest that priming may play a significant role in the activation and recall of IAMs and open up interesting avenues for future research.

  10. On the Infinitude of the Prime Numbers

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    wherea,b,c,d, .. . , are the successive terms of any increasing arithmetic progression of positive real numbers. Elementary Results. The next result that we shall need is the so-called fundamental theorem of arithmetic: every positive integer greater than 1 can be expressed in precisely one way as a product of prime numbers.

  11. Random reward priming is task-contingent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ásgeirsson, Árni Gunnar; Kristjánsson, Árni

    2014-01-01

    Consistent financial reward of particular features influences the allocation of visual attention in many ways. More surprising are 1-trial reward priming effects on attention where reward schedules are random and reward on one trial influences attentional allocation on the next. Those findings ar...

  12. 30 CFR 716.7 - Prime farmland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... farmland. The applicant shall submit to the regulatory authority a plan for the mining and restoration of... Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INITIAL PROGRAM... coal mining and reclamation operations conducted on prime farmland shall comply with the general...

  13. Phonological Priming and Cohort Effects in Toddlers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mani, Nivedita; Plunkett, Kim

    2011-01-01

    Adult word recognition is influenced by prior exposure to phonologically or semantically related words ("cup" primes "cat" or "plate") compared to unrelated words ("door"), suggesting that words are organised in the adult lexicon based on their phonological and semantic properties and that word recognition implicates not just the heard word, but…

  14. On combinatorial formula for the prime form

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zuevsky, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 9, č. 17 (2014), s. 107-110 ISSN 1822-511X Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : prime forms * vertex algebras * correlation function s Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://siauliaims.su.lt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=379&Itemid=7

  15. Multiple completions primed by occlusion patterns

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lier, R.J. van; Leeuwenberg, E.L.J.; Helm, P.A. van der

    1995-01-01

    There is a strong tendency to complete a partly occluded shape. Two types of pattern completion, global and local, are frequently reported. By means of the primed-matching paradigm, it has previously been shown that global completions are prevalent for stimuli in which regularity is abundantly

  16. Method for priming and DNA sequencing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mugasimangalam, R.C.; Ulanovsky, L.E.

    1997-12-01

    A method is presented for improving the priming specificity of an oligonucleotide primer that is non-unique in a nucleic acid template which includes selecting a continuous stretch of several nucleotides in the template DNA where one of the four bases does not occur in the stretch. This also includes bringing the template DNA in contract with a non-unique primer partially or fully complimentary to the sequence immediately upstream of the selected sequence stretch. This results in polymerase-mediated differential extension of the primer in the presence of a subset of deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates that does not contain the base complementary to the base absent in the selected sequence stretch. These reactions occur at a temperature sufficiently low for allowing the extension of the non-unique primer. The method causes polymerase-mediated extension reactions in the presence of all four natural deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates or modifications. At this high temperature discrimination occurs against priming sites of the non-unique primer where the differential extension has not made the primer sufficiently stable to prime. However, the primer extended at the selected stretch is sufficiently stable to prime.

  17. Die polnischen Bücher (Bücherbestände in den Bibliotheken Roms. Eine Auswahl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia ALeksandra Henczel-Wróblewska

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Die italienisch-polnischen Beziehungen haben eine lange Geschichte hinter sich. Seit dem Mittelalter, in dem die polnischen Scholaren ihre Ausbildung an den italienischen Universitäten genießen konnten, dominierte darin der wissenschaftliche und bildende Charakter. In den folgenden Jahrhunderten wurde der gegenseitige Kontakt um die künstlerische Ebene erweitert, zumal die polnischen Künstler nach Italien reisten, um bei den besten Meistern ihre Fertigkeiten zu vervollkommnen. Seit dem Ende des 18. bis zur Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts kam zu den bereits bestehenden, tradierten italienischpolnischen Beziehungen im Bereich der Wissenschaft und Kultur der militärische und der sozialpolitische Aspekt hinzu, und mit der Zeit auch der wirtschaftliche. Auf dem italienischen Boden beteiligten sich die Polen zunächst an den Unabhängigkeitskämpfen, die mit der Vereinigung Italiens (die Risorgimento-Zeit endeten, und nachher an den Waffeninterventionen während der zwei Weltkriege. Seit der Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts kehrte man zum früheren beiderseitigen Kontakt auf verschiedenen Ebenen zurück.In jeder dieser Zeitspannen wurde die polnische Anwesenheit in Italien in den schriftlichen, ikonografischen, künstlerischen Quellen belegt. Die meisten davon bewährten sich in den Archiven und Bibliotheken Roms, dem Zentrum der europäischen Wissenschaft, Kultur und Christenheit. Erst im 20. Jahrhundert, seit der Entstehung der ersten wissenschaftlichen polnischen Institutionen in Rom und dank der breiten Zusammenarbeit war es möglich, die Polonica, die sich in den römischen Bibliotheken, Archiven, Kulturinstitutionen und Privatbeständen befinden, offiziell zu registrieren, bearbeiten und ordnen. Die schriftlichen Denkmäler aus den vergangenen Jahrhunderten weisen auf eine breite gegenseitige Beziehung sowohl im Bereich des sacrum als auch des profanum hin. Dieses gemeinsame historische Gedächtniserbe zeugt von einer langen Zugehörigkeit Polens zur

  18. Semantic priming without association: a meta-analytic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, M

    2000-12-01

    A meta-analysis of 26 studies indicated that automatic semantic priming can occur without association. Priming did not vary substantially with differences in variables that affect automatic versus strategic processing, such as time spent processing the prime and target, relationship proportion, and task (except that average effects were smaller in the naming task). Although category coordinates were investigated in the majority of studies, synonyms, antonyms, and script relations also demonstrated priming; functional relations showed greater priming, and essential and perceptual relations showed less. The average effect size for semantic priming was smaller than that for associative priming, suggesting that there is an "associative boost" from adding an associative relationship to a semantic one. The implications of these findings for the modularity thesis and for models of semantic priming are discussed.

  19. Comparison of affective and semantic priming in different SOA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Zhongqing; Qu, Yuhong; Xiao, Yanli; Wu, Qi; Xia, Likun; Li, Wenhui; Liu, Ying

    2016-11-01

    Researchers have been at odds on whether affective or semantic priming is faster or stronger. The present study selects a series of facial expression photos and words, which have definite emotional meaning or gender meaning, to set up experiment including both affective and semantic priming. The intensity of emotion and gender information in the prime as well as the strength of emotional or semantic (in gender) relationship between the prime and the target is matched. Three groups of participants are employed separately in our experiment varied with stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) as 50, 250 or 500 ms. The results show that the difference between two types of priming effect is revealed when the SOA is at 50 ms, in which the affective priming effect is presented when the prime has negative emotion. It indicates that SOA can affect the comparison between the affective and semantic priming, and the former takes the priority in the automatic processing level.

  20. An Unusual Type II Dens Invaginatus with Calcified Canals in a Maxillary Lateral Incisor - A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subbiya, Arunajatesan; Geethapriya, Nagarajan; Pradeepkumar, Angambakam Rajasekaran; Vivekanandhan, Paramasivam

    2013-09-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation resulting from the invagination of enamel organ into the dental papilla. Management of dens invaginatus is an endodontic challenge. Presence of calcified canals in dens invaginatus makes it even more complicated. Modification of the treatment plan is required to treat such cases. This case report deals with the management of a Type II Dens Invaginatus in a lateral incisor with calcified canals.

  1. An Unusual Type II Dens Invaginatus with Calcified Canals in a Maxillary Lateral Incisor – A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Subbiya, Arunajatesan; Geethapriya, Nagarajan; Pradeepkumar, Angambakam Rajasekaran; Vivekanandhan, Paramasivam

    2013-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation resulting from the invagination of enamel organ into the dental papilla. Management of dens invaginatus is an endodontic challenge. Presence of calcified canals in dens invaginatus makes it even more complicated. Modification of the treatment plan is required to treat such cases. This case report deals with the management of a Type II Dens Invaginatus in a lateral incisor with calcified canals.

  2. The feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of PRIME-D: A novel mobile intervention treatment for depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlosser, Danielle A; Campellone, Timothy R; Truong, Brandy; Anguera, Joaquin A; Vergani, Silvia; Vinogradov, Sophia; Arean, Patricia

    2017-06-01

    Despite decades of research and development, depression has risen from the fifth to the leading cause of disability in the United States. Barriers to progress in the field are (1) poor access to high-quality care; (2) limited mental health workforce; and (3) few providers trained in the delivery of evidence-based treatments (EBTs). Although mobile platforms are being developed to give consumers greater access to high-quality care, too often these tools do not have empirical support for their effectiveness. In this study, we evaluated PRIME-D, a mobile app intervention that uses social networking, goal setting, and a mental health coach to deliver text-based, EBT's to treat mood symptoms and functioning in adults with depression. Thirty-six adults with depression remotely participated in PRIME-D over an 8-week period with a 4-week follow-up, with 83% retained over the 12-week course of thestudy. On average, participants logged into the app 5 days/week. Depression scores (PHQ-9) significantly improved over time (over 50% reduction), with coach interactions enhancing these effects. Mood-related disability (Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS)) also significantly decreased over time with participants no longer being impaired by their mood symptoms. Overall use of PRIME-D predicted greater gains in functioning. Improvements in mood and functioning were sustained over the 4-week follow-up. Results suggest that PRIME-D is a feasible, acceptable, and effective intervention for adults with depression and that a mobile service delivery model may address the serious public health problem of poor access to high-quality mental health care. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Den enes död, den andres bröd : En fallstudie i Fonus kriskommunikation

    OpenAIRE

    Orest Flavet, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    Denna studie undersöker hur begravningsbyrån Fonus valde att bemöta en kritisk artikel, publicerad i Aftonbladet, med ett pressmeddelande som lades upp på den egna hemsidan. Uppsatsen undersöker först vilka retoriska verktyg som har använts i skapandet av detta meddelande, och sett från Benoits teori om Image Repair, vilka strategier som använts och hur användningen av dessa har sett ut. Därefter söker studien att praktiskt undersöka detta budskap genom att låta en utvald grupp respondenter t...

  4. Rumänische Komponisten zwischen den "gemäßigten", den "radikalen" Moderne und der Postmoderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandu-Dediu Valentina

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available (nemački Debatten um die Begriffe Tradition, Moderne, Avantgarde und Postmoderne, wie sie in der europäischen Exegese erscheinen, sind im rumänischen Raum nicht minder gegenwärtig. Die gemäßigte und die radikale Moderne sowie die Postmoderne werden in diesem Aufsatz auf ihre Verbindung zur Ideologie der rumänischen Musik untersucht. Zum einen werden zwei Richtungen derselben Generation beleuchtet: die "Moderierten" (P. Bentoiu W.G. Berger und die "Radikalen" (Şt. Niculescu, A. Stroe, A. Vieru, T. Olah M. Marbe, D. Constantinescu. Zum anderen wird nachvollzogen, wie sich einige "Radikale" auf den "postmodernen" Weg begeben. Diese Kategorien sind selbstverständlich vom ideologischen Kontext des kommunistischen Rumänien geprägt.

  5. Cross-structural priming: prepositional phrase attachment primes relative clause attachment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loncke, Maaike; Van Laere, Sébastien M J; Desmet, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we show that attachment height (high vs. low attachment) of a modifier to a complex noun phrase (CNP; e.g., "the servant of the actress"), can be primed between dissimilar syntactic structures. In a sentence completion experiment, we found that the attachment height of a prepositional phrase (PP) in the prime sentence primed the attachment height of a relative clause (RC) in the target sentence. This cross-structural priming effect cannot be explained in terms of the priming of specific phrase-structure rules or even sequences of specific phrase-structure rules (Scheepers, 2003), because the attachment of a PP to a CNP is generated by a different phrase-structure rule than the attachment of an RC. However, the present data suggest that the location at which the RC is attached to the CNP is mentally represented, independent of the specific phrase-structure rule that is attached, or by extension, that the abstract hierarchical configuration of the full CNP and the attached RC is represented (Desmet & Declercq, 2006). This is the first demonstration of a cross-structural priming effect that cannot be captured by phrase-structure rules.

  6. Aversive priming: cognitive processing of threatening stimuli is facilitated by aversive primes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huertas, Evelio

    2012-11-01

    It would be reasonable to expect that our previous experience regarding a stimulus that predicts harm would make the subsequent identification of that stimulus easier when harm happens again. Forty-eight volunteers were submitted to both phases of this sequence of events: learning of the predictive relationship and later priming. A face with neutral expression (CS+) was paired with a moderately aversive electric shock and another (CS-) with a neutral tone. Subsequently, these two faces, as well as other known and new faces, were presented for familiarity judgments. Both the CS+ and the CS- faces were preceded by an aversive stimulus (aversive prime) in one occasion and by a neutral stimulus (neutral prime) in another. The familiarity judgment regarding the CS+ was faster after the aversive prime than after the neutral prime, but there was no difference regarding the CS-. The differential effect of the aversive prime over the CS+ and the CS- showed a significant but small correlation with the differential skin conductance response to CS+ and CS- (signal learning), and with the differential evaluation of those stimuli in terms of like-dislike (evaluative learning). The scope of these results, as well as the usefulness of this methodological model, is discussed.

  7. Structural priming and frequency effects interact in Chinese sentence comprehension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hang eWei

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Previous research in several European languages has shown that the language processing system is sensitive to both structural frequency and structural priming effects. However, it is currently not clear whether these two types of effects interact during online sentence comprehension, especially for languages that do not have morphological markings. To explore this issue, the present study investigated the possible interplay between structural priming and frequency effects for sentences containing the Chinese ambiguous construction V NP1 de NP2 in a self-paced reading experiment. The sentences were disambiguated to either the more frequent/preferred NP structure or the less frequent VP structure. Each target sentence was preceded by a prime sentence of three possible types: NP primes, VP primes, and neutral primes. When the ambiguous construction V NP1 de NP2 was disambiguated to the dispreferred VP structure, participants experienced more processing difficulty following an NP prime relative to following a VP prime or a neutral baseline. When the ambiguity was resolved to the preferred NP structure, prime type had no effect. These results suggest that structural priming in comprehension is modulated by the baseline frequency of alternative structures, with the less frequent structure being more subject to structural priming effects. These results are discussed in the context of the error-based, implicit learning account of structural priming.

  8. The Nature of Affective Priming in Music and Speech

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goerlich, K.S.; Witteman, J.; Schiller, N.O.; Van Heuven, V.J.; Aleman, A.; Martens, S.

    The phenomenon of affective priming has caught scientific interest for over 30 years, yet the nature of the affective priming effect remains elusive. This study investigated the underlying mechanism of cross-modal affective priming and the influence of affective incongruence in music and speech on

  9. Attentional Control and the Relatedness Proportion Effect in Semantic Priming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchison, Keith A.

    2007-01-01

    In 2 experiments, participants completed both an attentional control battery (OSPAN, antisaccade, and Stroop tasks) and a modified semantic priming task. The priming task measured relatedness proportion (RP) effects within subjects, with the color of the prime indicating the probability that the to-be-named target would be related. In Experiment…

  10. Australia's First Prime Ministerial Library: Past and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carman-Brown, Lesley; Henderson, Kandy-Jane; Wallace, Lesley

    2005-01-01

    In creating Australia's first prime ministerial library, a new cultural institution was developed which blends professional practice from the fields of librarianship, education, archives, journalism and museums. The John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library honours the contribution of wartime prime minister John Curtin, works towards the advancement…

  11. Novel Word Lexicalization and the Prime Lexicality Effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, Xiaomei; Forster, Kenneth I.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates how newly learned words are integrated into the first-language lexicon using masked priming. Two lexical decision experiments are reported, with the aim of establishing whether newly learned words behave like real words in a masked form priming experiment. If they do, they should show a prime lexicality effect (PLE), in…

  12. Space-Valence Priming with Subliminal and Supraliminal Words

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich eAnsorge

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available To date it is unclear whether (1 awareness-independent non-evaluative semantic processes influence affective semantics and whether (2 awareness-independent affective semantics influence non-evaluative semantic processing. In the current study, we investigated these questions with the help of subliminal (masked primes and visible targets in a space-valence across-category congruence effect. In line with (1, we found that subliminal space prime words influenced valence classification of supraliminal target words (Experiment 1: Classifications were faster with a congruent prime (e.g., the prime ‘up’ before the target ‘happy’ than with an incongruent prime (e.g., the prime ‘up’ before the target ‘sad’. In contrast to (2, no influence of subliminal valence primes on the classification of supraliminal space targets into up- and down-words was found (Experiment 2. Control conditions showed that standard masked response-priming effects were found with both subliminal prime types, and that an across-category congruence effect was also found with supraliminal valence primes and spatial target words. The final Experiment 3 confirmed that the across-category congruence effect indeed reflected priming of target categorization of a relevant meaning category. Together, the data jointly confirmed prediction (1 that awareness-independent non-evaluative semantic priming influences valence judgments.

  13. Prospective and Retrospective Processing in Associative Mediated Priming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Lara L.

    2012-01-01

    Mediated priming refers to the faster word recognition of a target (e.g., milk) following presentation of a prime (e.g., pasture) that is related indirectly via a connecting "mediator" (e.g., cow). Association strength may be an important factor in whether mediated priming occurs prospectively (with target activation prior to its presentation) or…

  14. Evaluation of seed priming on germination of Gladiolus alatus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Seed priming improves seed performance under environmental conditions. The study was designed to evaluate the effect of different priming treatments on germination behavior of Gladiolus alatus. The experiment was conducted under complete randomized design (CRD) with four replications. Seed priming was done with ...

  15. Do Stimulus-Action Associations Contribute to Repetition Priming?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennis, Ian; Perfect, Timothy J.

    2013-01-01

    Despite evidence that response learning makes a major contribution to repetition priming, the involvement of response representations at the level of motor actions remains uncertain. Levels of response representation were investigated in 4 experiments that used different tasks at priming and test. Priming for stimuli that required congruent…

  16. Masked Translation Priming with Semantic Categorization: Testing the Sense Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xin; Forster, Kenneth I.

    2010-01-01

    Four experiments are reported which were designed to test hypotheses concerning the asymmetry of masked translation priming. Experiment 1 confirmed the presence of L2-L1 priming with a semantic categorization task and demonstrated that this effect was restricted to exemplars. Experiment 2 showed that the translation priming effect was not due to…

  17. The Role of Polysemy in Masked Semantic and Translation Priming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkbeiner, Matthew; Forster, Kenneth; Nicol, Janet; Nakamura, Kumiko

    2004-01-01

    A well-known asymmetry exists in the bilingual masked priming literature in which lexical decision is used: namely, masked primes in the dominant language (L1) facilitate decision times on targets in the less dominant language (L2), but not vice versa. In semantic categorization, on the other hand, priming is symmetrical. In Experiments 1-3 we…

  18. Hibernacula and summer den sites of pine snakes (Pituophis melanoleucus) in the New Jersey pine barrens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burger, J.; Zappalorti, R.T.; Gochfeld, M.; Boarman, W.I.; Caffrey, M.; Doig, V.; Garber, S.D.; Lauro, B.; Mikovsky, M.; Safina, C.; Saliva, Jorge

    1988-01-01

    We examined eight summer dens (used only in summer) and seven hibernacula (occupied both in winter and summer) of the snake Pituophis melanoleucus in the New Jersey Pine Barrens, comparing above ground characteristics of hibernacula and summer dens with characteristics at nearby random points. Temperatures at the soil surface and at 10 cm depth were significantly warmer, and there was less leaf cover around the random points compared to the entrances of the hibernacula and summer dens. Hibernacula had significantly more vegetation cover within 5 m, more leaf cover over the burrow entrance, and were closer to trees than were summer dens. Most hibernacula and summer dens were beside old fallen logs (73%), the entrance tunnels following decaying roots into the soil. Excavation of the hibernacula and summer dens indicated that most hibernacula appeared to be dug by the snakes and had an average of eight side chambers and 642 cm of tunnels, compared to less than one side chamber and 122 cm of tunnels for summer dens. Except for hatchlings, most snakes in hibernacula were located in individual chambers off the main tunnel; all snakes were at depths of 50-111 cm (X̄ = 79 cm). Pine snakes may select optimum hibernation sites which reduce winter mortality.

  19. Grizzly bear denning and potential conflict areas in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podruzny, Shannon; Cherry, Steve; Schwartz, Charles C.; Landenburger, Lisa

    2002-01-01

    Increasing winter use of steep, high-elevation terrain by backcountry recreationists has elevated concern about disturbance of denning grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE). To help identify areas where such conflicts might occur, we developed a spatially explicit model to predict potential denning areas in the GYE. Using a scan area of 630 m around each location, we assigned site attributes to 344 den locations of radio-trackedg rizzly bears from 1975-99. Attributesi dentified as predictorsf or the analysis included elevation, slope, an index of solar radiation, and forest cover. We used the Mahalanobis distance statistic to model the similarity between sites used by denning bears and each cell in the data layers. We used the final Mahalanobis distance model to produce maps of the study area. Potential denning habitat, based upon the model, is abundantw ithin the GYE. Ourr esultsc an be used by land managementa gencies to identifyp otentialc onflict sites and minimize effects of regulated activities on denning grizzly bears. We illustrate how the Gallatin National Forest (GNF) used the model to examine the overlap between potential snowmobile use areas and potential denning habitat as part of a Biological Assessment submitted to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

  20. Radiographic Study of the Prevalence of Dens Invaginatus in a Sample Set of Turkish Dental Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Çolak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dens invaginatus in a sample of Turkish dental patients. Materials and Methods: The sample included 6, 912 panoramic radiographs from different Turkish dental patients. The ages of the patients ranged from 18 to 50 years. A tooth was considered having dens invaginatus if an infolding of a radiopaque ribbon-like structure equal in density to enamel was seen extending from the cingulum into the root canal. Maxillary and mandibular teeth were evaluated on panoramic radiographs to determine the type of dens invaginatus using Oehlers′ classification. Results: The overall incidence of patients with dens invaginatus was 0.17%. Dens invaginatus were detected in 15 teeth of a total of 192 150 teeth to give a tooth prevalence of 0.008%. Maxillary lateral incisors were most commonly affected teeth in the mouth (80% of cases, followed by maxillary canine teeth (20% of cases. The bilateral incidence of a symmetrical distribution was 25%. Conclusion: The occurrence of dens invaginatus among this Turkish population was rare. Attention should be paid to the presence of dens invaginatus and the treatment problems associated with it.

  1. Radiographic study of the prevalence of dens invaginatus in a sample set of Turkish dental patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colak, Hakan; Tan, Enes; Aylıkçı, Bahadır Uğur; Uzgur, Recep; Turkal, Mustafa; Hamidi, Mehmet Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dens invaginatus in a sample of Turkish dental patients. The sample included 6, 912 panoramic radiographs from different Turkish dental patients. The ages of the patients ranged from 18 to 50 years. A tooth was considered having dens invaginatus if an infolding of a radiopaque ribbon-like structure equal in density to enamel was seen extending from the cingulum into the root canal. Maxillary and mandibular teeth were evaluated on panoramic radiographs to determine the type of dens invaginatus using Oehlers' classification. The overall incidence of patients with dens invaginatus was 0.17%. Dens invaginatus were detected in 15 teeth of a total of 192 150 teeth to give a tooth prevalence of 0.008%. Maxillary lateral incisors were most commonly affected teeth in the mouth (80% of cases), followed by maxillary canine teeth (20% of cases). The bilateral incidence of a symmetrical distribution was 25%. The occurrence of dens invaginatus among this Turkish population was rare. Attention should be paid to the presence of dens invaginatus and the treatment problems associated with it.

  2. Assessment of the prevalence and characteristics of dens invaginatus in a sample of Turkish Anatolian population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakici, Fatih; Celikoglu, Mevlut; Arslan, Hakan; Topcuoglu, Huseyin-Sinan; Erdogan, Aziz-Sahin

    2010-11-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of dens invaginatus in anterior teeth and to classify the type of dens invaginatus in a sample of Turkish Anatolian population. A retrospective study was performed using full-mouth periapical and panoramic radiographs of 1012 patients. Maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth were evaluated for the presence and characteristics of dens invaginatus. Statistical evaluation of the presence of dens invaginatus related to gender was performed by the Pearson chi-squared test. Dens invaginatus was observed in 13 out of 1012 subjects and in only maxillary lateral incisors. There were no periapical lesions in teeth with types I and II, whereas both of the subjects with type III had apical periodontitis at the time of referral. Males and females were equally affected by dens invaginatus (P=0.98). The anomaly was detected in only maxillary lateral incisors with no gender difference and the most commonly observed type of dens invaginatus was type I (81.25%).

  3. Prime Number: an Experiment Rabin-Miller and Fast Exponentiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahim, Robbi; Winata, Hendryan; Zulkarnain, Iskandar; Jaya, Hendra

    2017-12-01

    Prime number is one of the most widely used names for various security purposes, especially in the process of encryption and decryption for asymmetric algorithms, the speed in determining prime number becomes one of the most important things, Rabin-Miller algorithm is used to test a number whether including prime or not, speed in determining prime number is very important and technique that could be using is fast exponentiation, this research get significant result in testing prime number with length of variation number.

  4. Inducing G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis through Generation Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)-Mediated Mitochondria Pathway in HT-29 Cells by Dentatin (DEN) and Dentatin Incorporated in Hydroxypropyl-β-Cyclodextrin (DEN-HPβCD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashwaq, Al-Abboodi Shakir; Al-Qubaisi, Mothanna Sadiq; Rasedee, Abdullah; Abdul, Ahmad Bustamam; Taufiq-Yap, Yun Hin; Yeap, Swee Keong

    2016-10-18

    Dentatin (DEN), purified from the roots of Clausena excavata Burm f., has poor aqueous solubility that reduces its therapeutic application. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of DEN-HPβCD (hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin) complex as an anticancer agent in HT29 cancer cell line and compare with a crystal DEN in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The exposure of the cancer cells to DEN or DEN-HPβCD complex leads to cell growth inhibition as determined by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. To analyze the mechanism, in which DEN or DEN-HPβCD complex causes the death in human colon HT29 cancer cells, was evaluated by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELIZA)-based assays for caspase-3, 8, 9, and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The findings showed that an anti-proliferative effect of DEN or DEN-HPβCD complex were via cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and eventually induced apoptosis through both mitochondrial and extrinsic pathways. The down-regulation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) which leaded to apoptosis upon treatment, was investigated by Western-blotting. Hence, complexation between DEN and HPβCD did not diminish or eliminate the effective properties of DEN as anticancer agent. Therefore, it would be possible to resolve the conventional and current issues associated with the development and commercialization of antineoplastic agents in the future.

  5. Conservative Management of Type III Dens in Dente Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Pradeep

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dens in dente, also known as dens invaginatus, dilated composite odontoma, or deep foramen caecum, is a developmental malformation that usually affects maxillary incisor teeth, particularly lateral incisors. It may occur in teeth anywhere within the jaws, other locations are comparatively rare. It can occur within both the crown and the root, although crown invaginations are more common. The use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT is very helpful in endodontic diagnosis of complex anatomic variations. In this case we demonstrate the use of CBCT in the evaluation and endodontic management of a Type III dens in dente (Oehler′s Type III.

  6. Den försvunna vaginan : Fetischer och gestaltning i transsexuell amatörinternetpornografi

    OpenAIRE

    Nino Cortés, Daniel M.; Oscarsson, Carolina

    2015-01-01

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur transsexuella individer gestaltas på den amatörinternetpornaografiska webbsidan XVIDEOS - den största internetpornografiska webbsidan. Vi har tittat på hur XVIDEOS som webbsida är med i denna gestaltning och process och hur XVIDEOS och dess innehåll återger en bild av vad den transsexuella kroppen - och sexualiteten förväntas vara. Det effektivaste sättet att föra denna undersökning på, är i vårt fall att analysera mainstream amatörinternetpornografi med transsexu...

  7. Dens invagination: A review of literature and report of two cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakur, Seema; Thakur, Narbir S.; Bramta, Manmohan; Gupta, Mohit

    2014-01-01

    Dens invaginatus occurs as a result of the invagination of the enamel organ. These cases may present difficulties with respect to its diagnosis and treatment because of canal morphology. It frequently leads to caries, pulpal, and periodontal involvement with necrosis and loss of attachment. The knowledge of classification and anatomical variations of teeth with dens invaginatus are of great importance for correct treatment. This article presents two case reports of two different types of dens invaginatus along with profound review of the literature regarding etiology, epidemiology, and histology. It discusses clinical appearance and diagnosis, and it provides guidelines for decision-making and treatment of invaginated teeth. PMID:24678234

  8. Type III Dens Invaginatus with an Associated Cyst: A Case Report and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meghana, S M; Thejokrishna, P

    2011-01-01

    Dens invaginatus (dens in dente) is a rare malformation with a widely varied morphology. An unusual presentation of a type III dens invaginatus affecting a conical shaped permanent lateral incisor in an 8-year-old female patient is reported. The presence of a pulp stone and a periapical radiolucency further added onto the complexity of the case. The etiology, pathophysiology, association with other dental anomalies as well as the challenges in management of this anomaly are discussed. An extensive literature review is also presented.

  9. Conventional Treatment of Maxillary Incisor Type III Dens Invaginatus with Periapical Lesion: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges, Alvaro Henrique; Semenoff Segundo, Alex; Nadalin, Michele Regina; Pedro, Fábio Luís Miranda; da Cruz Filho, Antônio Miranda; Sousa-Neto, Manoel Damião

    2011-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental dental anomaly clinically characterized by a palatine furrow that can be limited to the coronal pulp or may extend to the radicular apex. The purpose of this paper was to present a clinical case of type III dens invaginatus, identified on the maxillary right central incisor in anterior periapical radiographs, in which the tooth was submitted to conventional endodontic treatment. The results obtained after five years of clinical and radiographic followup demonstrated that conventional endodontic treatment is a clinically viable alternative in cases of type III dens invaginatus.

  10. Schulze and Brand type a-IV dens invaginatus with radicular cyst: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachita Chengappa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Though a clinical examination may reveal a deep fissure or pit on the surface of an anterior tooth, radiographic examination is a more accurate approach to diagnose an invagination. Dens invaginatus is one of the common dental deformities, but the defect involving the root and its association with radicular cyst is still very uncommon. The objective of this case presentation is to report a case of radicular dens in dente, which is a rare dental anomaly. This case report shows that dens invaginatus with an open apex and a radicular cyst can be treated successfully using currently available materials.

  11. The elimination of positive priming with increasing prime duration reflects a transition from perceptual fluency to disfluency rather than bias against primed words.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Kevin W; Donkin, Chris; Huber, David E

    2018-03-01

    With immediate repetition priming of forced choice perceptual identification, short prime durations produce positive priming (i.e., priming the target leads to higher accuracy, while priming the foil leads to lower accuracy). Many theories explain positive priming following short duration primes as reflecting increased perceptual fluency for the primed target (i.e., decreased identification latency). However, most studies only examine either accuracy or response times, rather than considering the joint constraints of response times and accuracy to properly address the role of decision biases and response caution. This is a critical oversight because several theories propose that the transition to negative priming following a long duration prime reflects a decision strategy to compensate for the effect of increased perceptual fluency. In contrast, the nROUSE model of Huber and O'Reilly (2003) explains this transition as reflecting perceptual habituation, and thus a change to perceptual disfluency. We confirmed this prediction by applying a sequential sampling model (the diffusion race model) to accuracy and response time distributions from a new single item same-different version of the priming task. In this way, we measured strategic biases and perceptual fluency in each condition for each subject. The nROUSE model was only applied to accuracy from the original forced-choice version of the priming task. This application of nROUSE produced separate predictions for each subject regarding the degree of fluency and disfluency in each condition, and these predictions were confirmed by the drift rate parameters (i.e., fluency) from the response time model in contrast to the threshold parameters (i.e., bias). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Prime-Minister of Malta visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The Prime-Minister of Malta, Dr Lawrence Gonzi, visited CERN and met Director-General, Robert Aymar, on 10 January. The Prime-Minister of Malta, Dr Lawrence Gonzi, and CERN Director-General, Robert Aymar, signed a cooperation agreement. Dr Gonzi was given guided tours of the CMS experiment at Point 5 in Cessy and of the LHC magnet test facility, in which his country was involved. One of the high points of the day was the signing of a cooperation agreement between CERN and the Government of the Republic of Malta, aimed at the development of scientific and technical collaboration. "I’m really enthusiastic about this agreement, which constitutes a first step towards real collaboration between the Maltese government and CERN," said Nicholas Sammut, a Maltese engineer at CERN who was present throughout the visit (on the right). See also the video.

  13. On the union of graded prime ideals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uregen Rabia Nagehan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we investigate graded compactly packed rings, which is defined as; if any graded ideal I of R is contained in the union of a family of graded prime ideals of R, then I is actually contained in one of the graded prime ideals of the family. We give some characterizations of graded compactly packed rings. Further, we examine this property on h – Spec(R. We also define a generalization of graded compactly packed rings, the graded coprimely packed rings. We show that R is a graded compactly packed ring if and only if R is a graded coprimely packed ring whenever R be a graded integral domain and h – dim R = 1.

  14. Frobenius and His Density Theorem for Primes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    coefficients of f modulo q. Then, the problem asks us to prove that there is some prime q for which f does not have a root in 71../ q7l... So, when is it true that an integral polynomial has roots in ... integral polynomial has a root in lL./qlL. for infinitely ..... part of town to the higher part, or buckets of cabbages. It is an elementary.

  15. Learning PrimeFaces extensions development

    CERN Document Server

    Jonna, Sudheer

    2014-01-01

    This book provides a step by step approach that explains the most important extension components and their features. All the major features are explained by using the JobHub application with supporting screenshots.If you are an intermediate to advanced level user (or developer) who already has a basic working knowledge of PrimeFaces, then this book is for you.The only thing you need to know is Java Server Faces(JSF).

  16. Power cocentralizing generalized derivations on prime rings

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ring it follows that [R,R] ⊆ L. This follows from pp. 4–5 in [6], Lemma 2 and Proposition 1 in [4] and Theorem 4 in [8]. 2. The case of inner generalized derivations on prime rings. We dedicate this section to prove the theorem in case both the generalized derivations. H and G are inner, that is there exist b, c, p, q ∈ U such that ...

  17. Syntactic Priming in American Sign Language

    OpenAIRE

    Hall, Matthew L.; Ferreira, Victor S.; Mayberry, Rachel I.

    2015-01-01

    Psycholinguistic studies of sign language processing provide valuable opportunities to assess whether language phenomena, which are primarily studied in spoken language, are fundamentally shaped by peripheral biology. For example, we know that when given a choice between two syntactically permissible ways to express the same proposition, speakers tend to choose structures that were recently used, a phenomenon known as syntactic priming. Here, we report two experiments testing syntactic primin...

  18. Detecting Prime Numbers via Roots of Polynomials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, David E.

    2012-01-01

    It is proved that an integer n [greater than or equal] 2 is a prime (resp., composite) number if and only if there exists exactly one (resp., more than one) nth-degree monic polynomial f with coefficients in Z[subscript n], the ring of integers modulo n, such that each element of Z[subscript n] is a root of f. This classroom note could find use in…

  19. The effect of unimodal affective priming on dichotic emotion recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voyer, Daniel; Myles, Daniel

    2017-11-15

    The present report concerns two experiments extending to unimodal priming the cross-modal priming effects observed with auditory emotions by Harding and Voyer [(2016). Laterality effects in cross-modal affective priming. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, 21, 585-605]. Experiment 1 used binaural targets to establish the presence of the priming effect and Experiment 2 used dichotically presented targets to examine auditory asymmetries. In Experiment 1, 82 university students completed a task in which binaural targets consisting of one of 4 English words inflected in one of 4 emotional tones were preceded by binaural primes consisting of one of 4 Mandarin words pronounced in the same (congruent) or different (incongruent) emotional tones. Trials where the prime emotion was congruent with the target emotion showed faster responses and higher accuracy in identifying the target emotion. In Experiment 2, 60 undergraduate students participated and the target was presented dichotically instead of binaurally. Primes congruent with the left ear produced a large left ear advantage, whereas right congruent primes produced a right ear advantage. These results indicate that unimodal priming produces stronger effects than those observed under cross-modal priming. The findings suggest that priming should likely be considered a strong top-down influence on laterality effects.

  20. The frequency attenuation effect in identity and associative priming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nievas, Francisco

    2010-05-01

    Three lexical decision experiments were carried out, where the masked priming paradigm is used to study the role of the frequency attenuation effect (more priming in low-frequency target words than in high-frequency target words) in repetition and associative priming, manipulating Prime Duration (PD) and Stimulus Onset Asynchrony (SOA). A new concept was introduced, Minimum Time Threshold (MTT), this is, the minimum time interval of exposure to the masked word in order to become aware of it. Results support the notion that MTT is a key to the appearance of the frequency attenuation effect when enough word processing time is allowed. Results do not support the unified explanation of masked priming and long-term priming as proposed by Bodner and Masson (2001). Moreover, information feedback from the semantic level was not the reason for the frequency attenuation effect in repetition priming.

  1. Trans-generational immune priming in honeybees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández López, Javier; Schuehly, Wolfgang; Crailsheim, Karl; Riessberger-Gallé, Ulrike

    2014-06-22

    Maternal immune experience acquired during pathogen exposure and passed on to progeny to enhance resistance to infection is called trans-generational immune priming (TgIP). In eusocial insects like honeybees, TgIP would result in a significant improvement of health at individual and colony level. Demonstrated in invertebrates other than honeybees, TgIP has not yet been fully elucidated in terms of intensity and molecular mechanisms underlying this response. Here, we immune-stimulated honeybee queens with Paenibacillus larvae (Pl), a spore-forming bacterium causing American Foulbrood, the most deadly bee brood disease worldwide. Subsequently, offspring of stimulated queens were exposed to spores of Pl and mortality rates were measured to evaluate maternal transfer of immunity. Our data substantiate the existence of TgIP effects in honeybees by direct evaluation of offspring resistance to bacterial infection. A further aspect of this study was to investigate a potential correlation between immune priming responses and prohaemocytes-haemocyte differentiation processes in larvae. The results point out that a priming effect triggers differentiation of prohaemocytes to haemocytes. However, the mechanisms underlying TgIP responses are still elusive and require future investigation.

  2. Excessive attractor instability accounts for semantic priming in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerner, Itamar; Bentin, Shlomo; Shriki, Oren

    2012-01-01

    One of the most pervasive findings in studies of schizophrenics with thought disorders is their peculiar pattern of semantic priming, which presumably reflects abnormal associative processes in the semantic system of these patients. Semantic priming is manifested by faster and more accurate recognition of a word-target when preceded by a semantically related prime, relative to an unrelated prime condition. Compared to control, semantic priming in schizophrenics is characterized by reduced priming effects at long prime-target Stimulus Onset Asynchrony (SOA) and, sometimes, augmented priming at short SOA. In addition, unlike controls, schizophrenics consistently show indirect (mediated) priming (such as from the prime 'wedding' to the target 'finger', mediated by 'ring'). In a previous study, we developed a novel attractor neural network model with synaptic adaptation mechanisms that could account for semantic priming patterns in healthy individuals. Here, we examine the consequences of introducing attractor instability to this network, which is hypothesized to arise from dysfunctional synaptic transmission known to occur in schizophrenia. In two simulated experiments, we demonstrate how such instability speeds up the network's dynamics and, consequently, produces the full spectrum of priming effects previously reported in patients. The model also explains the inconsistency of augmented priming results at short SOAs using directly related pairs relative to the consistency of indirect priming. Further, we discuss how the same mechanism could account for other symptoms of the disease, such as derailment ('loose associations') or the commonly seen difficulty of patients in utilizing context. Finally, we show how the model can statistically implement the overly-broad wave of spreading activation previously presumed to characterize thought-disorders in schizophrenia.

  3. Excessive attractor instability accounts for semantic priming in schizophrenia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Itamar Lerner

    Full Text Available One of the most pervasive findings in studies of schizophrenics with thought disorders is their peculiar pattern of semantic priming, which presumably reflects abnormal associative processes in the semantic system of these patients. Semantic priming is manifested by faster and more accurate recognition of a word-target when preceded by a semantically related prime, relative to an unrelated prime condition. Compared to control, semantic priming in schizophrenics is characterized by reduced priming effects at long prime-target Stimulus Onset Asynchrony (SOA and, sometimes, augmented priming at short SOA. In addition, unlike controls, schizophrenics consistently show indirect (mediated priming (such as from the prime 'wedding' to the target 'finger', mediated by 'ring'. In a previous study, we developed a novel attractor neural network model with synaptic adaptation mechanisms that could account for semantic priming patterns in healthy individuals. Here, we examine the consequences of introducing attractor instability to this network, which is hypothesized to arise from dysfunctional synaptic transmission known to occur in schizophrenia. In two simulated experiments, we demonstrate how such instability speeds up the network's dynamics and, consequently, produces the full spectrum of priming effects previously reported in patients. The model also explains the inconsistency of augmented priming results at short SOAs using directly related pairs relative to the consistency of indirect priming. Further, we discuss how the same mechanism could account for other symptoms of the disease, such as derailment ('loose associations' or the commonly seen difficulty of patients in utilizing context. Finally, we show how the model can statistically implement the overly-broad wave of spreading activation previously presumed to characterize thought-disorders in schizophrenia.

  4. Random reward priming is task-contingent: The robustness of the 1-trial reward priming effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Árni Gunnar Ásgeirsson

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Consistent financial reward of particular features influences the allocation of visual attention in many ways. More surprising are 1-trial reward priming effects on attention where reward schedules are random and reward on one trial influences attentional allocation on the next. Those findings are thought to reflect that rewarded features become more salient than unrewarded ones on the subsequent trial. Here we attempt to conceptually replicate this effect, testing its generalizability. In three versions of an analogous paradigm to the additional singleton paradigm involving singleton search for a Gabor patch of odd spatial frequency we found no evidence of reward priming, while we only partially replicate the reward priming in the exact original paradigm tested by Hickey and colleagues. The results cast doubt on the proposal that random reward enhances salience, suggested in the original papers, and highlight the need for a more nuanced account. In many other paradigms reward effects have been found to progress gradually, becoming stronger as they build up, and we argue that for robust reward priming, reward schedules need to be more consistent than in the original 1-trial reward priming paradigm.

  5. Mellem storpolitik og værkstedsgulv. Den danske arbejder - før, under og efter Den kolde krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Jul

    2004-01-01

    for den løn­arbejdende del af befolkningen og dens politiske repræsentanter? Og hvilken rolle er den jævne arbejder blevet tildelt i denne historie? Gennem et nærbillede af Danmarks mest karakteristiske - og politisk iscenesat­te - virksomhed, Burmeister & Wain, undersøges sammenhængen mellem skiften......, 1950ernes og -60ernes koldkrigs­klima med benhårde fronter mellem kommuni­ster og social­demokrater, radikali­seringen omkring 1970, til østblokkens sam­menbrud og de sidste årtiers udvikling, der har betydet, at man i dag ikke længere taler om 'arbejdere'....

  6. Om den uformelle (misbrug af medier i det formelle uddannelsessystem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Paulsen

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available En kombination af uddannelsesforskning og medieforskning anvendes til at forstå gymnasieelevers brug af nye digitale medier. På baggrund af elev- og lærerinterview fremlægger forfatterne en tolkning af mediebrugens betydning for de formelle læreprocesser. Artiklen kommer frem til, at medierne afleder elevernes opmærksomhed og fører til afhængighedsproblemer. Forfatterne fremlægger en tolkning af, hvordan eleverne afledes, og hvad de afledes til. Igennem denne tolkning kommer artiklen frem til, at medier som Messenger ikke blot afleder opmærksomhed, men også dekonstruerer forskellen mellem formelle og uformelle læreprocesser. I modsætning til, hvad eleverne og lærerne selv fortæller, indikerer tolkningen, at der finder en læring sted via elevernes dekonstruerende brug af de nye medier, men at lærerne ekskluderes fra de processer, hvorigennem læringen initieres. Artiklen konkluderer, at der bør udvikles en mediedidaktik, der dels afhjælper elevers afhængighedsproblemer, dels giver lærerne styrke til at spille en aktiv rolle ift. den sociale interaktion og læring, som de nye medier muliggør.

  7. Om den uformelle (misbrug af medier i det formelle uddannelsessystem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Paulsen

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available En kombination af uddannelsesforskning og medieforskning anvendes til at forstå gymnasieelevers brug af nye digitale medier. På baggrund af elev- og lærerinterview fremlægger forfatterne en tolkning af mediebrugens betydning for de formelle læreprocesser. Artiklen kommer frem til, at medierne afleder elevernes opmærksomhed og fører til afhængighedsproblemer. Forfatterne fremlægger en tolkning af, hvordan eleverne afledes, og hvad de afledes til. Igennem denne tolkning kommer artiklen frem til, at medier som Messenger ikke blot afleder opmærksomhed, men også dekonstruerer forskellen mellem formelle og uformelle læreprocesser. I modsætning til, hvad eleverne og lærerne selv fortæller, indikerer tolkningen, at der finder en læring sted via elevernes dekonstruerende brug af de nye medier, men at lærerne ekskluderes fra de processer, hvorigennem læringen initieres. Artiklen konkluderer, at der bør udvikles en mediedidaktik, der dels afhjælper elevers afhængighedsproblemer, dels giver lærerne styrke til at spille en aktiv rolle ift. den sociale interaktion og læring, som de nye medier muliggør.

  8. A realidade da pesquisa no DEN/UFS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delvair de Brito Alves

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa trata do processo de pesquisar no Departamento de Enfermagem e Nutrição da Universidade Federal de Sergipe - DEN/UFS. Ela foi desenvolvida a partir de entrevistas semi estruturadas realizadas com as docentes. Dos materiais obtidos, apresentamos concepções das docentes sobre grupos, linhas e projetos de pesquisa; a produção científica docente e discente; dificuldades e possibilidades relativas à atividade de pesquisar; estratégias que esse Departamento vem utilizando para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa, para a capacitação docente e formação de pesquisadores, além da inserção de estudantes (de graduação e de pós graduação no "mundo científico". Ela conclui pela necessidade de aprofundamento dessa atividade e pela divulgação e aplicação dos seus resultados na prática de enfermagem.

  9. Dens invaginatus in a geminated maxillary lateral incisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pallivathukal, Renjith George; Misra, Alok; Nagraj, Sumanth Kumbargere; Donald, Preethy Mary

    2015-05-22

    Dens invaginatus (DI) and gemination are two developmental abnormalities that are well reported in the dental literature, but their coexistence in a single tooth is rare. Such situations worsen the risk factors associated with these anomalies, and the treatment plan should be customised as they possess altered morphology and anatomy. A 19-year-old girl came for evaluation of a cracked tooth in the front region of the upper jaw. The tooth showed clinical features of gemination and radiographic features of DI, and was diagnosed as DI in geminated maxillary lateral incisor. The differential diagnoses based on clinical appearance without radiographic investigation may warrant the treatment approach if these two abnormalities coexist in a single tooth. The report also highlights the importance of three-dimensional imaging in diagnosis and treatment planning of teeth with altered pulp canal anatomy. There are few reported cases in the literature detailing the treatment options for these two anomalies occurring in the same tooth. 2015 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  10. Mechanisms of masked evaluative priming: task sets modulate behavioral and electrophysiological priming for picture and words differentially.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiefer, Markus; Liegel, Nathalie; Zovko, Monika; Wentura, Dirk

    2017-04-01

    Research with the evaluative priming paradigm has shown that affective evaluation processes reliably influence cognition and behavior, even when triggered outside awareness. However, the precise mechanisms underlying such subliminal evaluative priming effects, response activation vs semantic processing, are matter of a debate. In this study, we determined the relative contribution of semantic processing and response activation to masked evaluative priming with pictures and words. To this end, we investigated the modulation of masked pictorial vs verbal priming by previously activated perceptual vs semantic task sets and assessed the electrophysiological correlates of priming using event-related potential (ERP) recordings. Behavioral and electrophysiological effects showed a differential modulation of pictorial and verbal subliminal priming by previously activated task sets: Pictorial priming was only observed during the perceptual but not during the semantic task set. Verbal priming, in contrast, was found when either task set was activated. Furthermore, only verbal priming was associated with a modulation of the N400 ERP component, an index of semantic processing, whereas a priming-related modulation of earlier ERPs, indexing visuo-motor S-R activation, was found for both picture and words. The results thus demonstrate that different neuro-cognitive processes contribute to unconscious evaluative priming depending on the stimulus format. © The Author (2016). Published by Oxford University Press. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. Grote plaatstrouw van kokmeeuwen Larus ridibundus aan een winterkwartier in Den Haag

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spaans, A.L.

    2000-01-01

    Resultaten van onderzoek met kleurringen bij kokmeeuwen rond de Hofvijver in Den Haag in de winterperiodes van begin jaren zestig: aantalsverloop, leeftijdsverhouding, herkomst, terugvangsten, en waarnemingen op de ringplaats en elders. Uit dit onderzoek, en ander onderzoek in Nederlandse en

  12. [Memel als Brücke zu den baltischen Ländern] / Ralph Tuchtenhagen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuchtenhagen, Ralph, 1961-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Memel als Brücke zu den baltischen Ländern. Kulturgeschichte Klaipedas vom Mittelalter bis ins 20. Jahrhundert. (Tagungsberichte der Historischen Kommission für ost- und westpreussische Landesforschung. Bd. 26)

  13. Leo den Store: Prædiken på st. Laurentius' dag

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willert, Niels

    1992-01-01

    Oversættelse af prædiken holdt af den kendte pave Leo den store i 400-tallet. Prædikenen forholder sig til Sankt Laurentius og hans martyrdød.Oversættelsen er et bidrag i en samling af prædikener fra oldkirken. Bogen har en indledning ved professor dr.theol. Christian Thodberg.......Oversættelse af prædiken holdt af den kendte pave Leo den store i 400-tallet. Prædikenen forholder sig til Sankt Laurentius og hans martyrdød.Oversættelsen er et bidrag i en samling af prædikener fra oldkirken. Bogen har en indledning ved professor dr.theol. Christian Thodberg....

  14. Kvinden, diakonissen og sygeplejersken i Den danske Diakonissestiftelses etableringsfase 1863-1873

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritzen, Jette

    2005-01-01

    danske Diakonissestiftelse’ during the establishing phase from 1863 to 1873. The inner factors are deducted from numerous readings and interpretations of publicly available sources which ‘Den danske Diakonissestiftelse’, and its adherents, published. Thereby the intentions, goals, and motives the authors......Summary – The Woman, the Deaconess and the Nurse in the establishing phase of ‘Den danske Diakonissestiftelse’ 1863-1873 The thesis examines how the female role as deaconess and nurse manifested itself in the establishing phase of ‘Den danske Diakonissestiftelse’( The danish Deaconess House) from...... and nurse in the establishing phase of `Den danske Diakonissestiftelse`, from 1863 to 1873, was partially culturally unacceptable and not culturally recognisable for the bourgeoisie. This meant that the deaconesses had to fight on all fronts to gain recognition and the possibility to further the cause...

  15. Kvinden, diakonissen og sygeplejersken i Den danske Diakonissestiftelses etableringsfase 1863-1873

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritzen, Jette

    danske Diakonissestiftelse’ during the establishing phase from 1863 to 1873. The inner factors are deducted from numerous readings and interpretations of publicly available sources which ‘Den danske Diakonissestiftelse’, and its adherents, published. Thereby the intentions, goals, and motives the authors......Summary – The Woman, the Deaconess and the Nurse in the establishing phase of ‘Den danske Diakonissestiftelse’ 1863-1873 The thesis examines how the female role as deaconess and nurse manifested itself in the establishing phase of ‘Den danske Diakonissestiftelse’( The danish Deaconess House) from...... and nurse in the establishing phase of `Den danske Diakonissestiftelse`, from 1863 to 1873, was partially culturally unacceptable and not culturally recognisable for the bourgeoisie. This meant that the deaconesses had to fight on all fronts to gain recognition and the possibility to further the cause...

  16. GMO-afgrøder ikke den eneste løsning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Niels; Jacobsen, Sven-Erik; Sørensen, Marten

    2010-01-01

    Er GMO-afgrøder den optimale løsning på klodens fremtidige plantebaserede fødevareproduktion? Findes der alternativer? Det er der to meget klare svar på:GMOafgrøderer ikke den eneste løsning, og ja, der findes mange og langt mere attraktive, bæredygtige løsninger......Er GMO-afgrøder den optimale løsning på klodens fremtidige plantebaserede fødevareproduktion? Findes der alternativer? Det er der to meget klare svar på:GMOafgrøderer ikke den eneste løsning, og ja, der findes mange og langt mere attraktive, bæredygtige løsninger...

  17. Rare association of dens invaginatus with impacted mesiodens – A case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Prashant B.; Chaudhari, Smitha G.; Goel, Ankit; Agarwal, Pooja

    2012-01-01

    Mesiodens is a supernumerary tooth occupying the position in the maxillary anterior region. This additional tooth structure may cause disturbance in eruption or position of the adjacent teeth. About 8–25% of supernumerary teeth in the anterior region erupt spontaneously. Un-erupted supernumerary teeth are incidentally identified on a routine radiographic examination. Dens invaginatus is a rare tooth malformation showing an in-folding of enamel and dentine of affected tooth sometimes extending deep into the pulp cavity and the root portion. We report a case of un-erupted mesiodens causing midline diastema of permanent teeth subsequently corrected following extraction of mesiodens. Dens invaginatus was identified affecting the un-erupted mesiodens. It is rare to find dens invaginatus associated with a supernumerary tooth and only 10 such instances of dens invaginatus affecting supernumerary teeth have been reported in the English literature. PMID:25737852

  18. Rare association of dens invaginatus with impacted mesiodens - A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Prashant B; Chaudhari, Smitha G; Goel, Ankit; Agarwal, Pooja

    2012-01-01

    Mesiodens is a supernumerary tooth occupying the position in the maxillary anterior region. This additional tooth structure may cause disturbance in eruption or position of the adjacent teeth. About 8-25% of supernumerary teeth in the anterior region erupt spontaneously. Un-erupted supernumerary teeth are incidentally identified on a routine radiographic examination. Dens invaginatus is a rare tooth malformation showing an in-folding of enamel and dentine of affected tooth sometimes extending deep into the pulp cavity and the root portion. We report a case of un-erupted mesiodens causing midline diastema of permanent teeth subsequently corrected following extraction of mesiodens. Dens invaginatus was identified affecting the un-erupted mesiodens. It is rare to find dens invaginatus associated with a supernumerary tooth and only 10 such instances of dens invaginatus affecting supernumerary teeth have been reported in the English literature.

  19. Anmerkungen zum Stand und zu den Entwicklungstendenzen der Prozeßkostenrechnung

    OpenAIRE

    Fischer, Thomas

    1994-01-01

    Anmerkungen zum Stand und zu den Entwicklungstendenzen der Prozeßkostenrechnung / A. G. Coenenberg ; Th. M. Fischer. - In: Prozeßkostenrechnung / Wolfgang Männel (Hrsg.). - Wiesbaden : Gabler, 1994. - S. 23-25. - (Kostenrechnungspraxis : Sonderheft ; 1994/1)

  20. [Ulrike Plath. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands] / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Plath, Ulrike. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands: Freundheitskonstruktionen, lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1810 (Veröffenlichungen des Nordost-Instituts, Bd. 11.)Harrasowitz. Wiesbaden 2011

  1. Good-Practice-Ansätze für den Dienstleistungseinkauf

    OpenAIRE

    Hänsel, Martin; Hofmann, Erik

    2017-01-01

    Die Performance Excellence Studie des Lehrstuhls für Logistikmanagement der Hochschule St. Gallen (HSG) zeigt auf, was moderne Unternehmen tun müssen, wenn sie den Einkauf von Dienstleistungen zeitgemäss handhaben wollen.

  2. The masked priming toolbox: an open-source MATLAB toolbox for masked priming researchers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Andrew D; Tresilian, James; Schlaghecken, Friederike

    2011-03-01

    The Masked Priming Toolbox is an open-source collection of MATLAB functions that utilizes the free third-party PsychToolbox-3 (PTB3: Brainard, Spatial Vision, 10, 433-436, 1997; Kleiner, Brainard & Pelli, Perception, 36, 2007; Pelli, Spatial Vision, 10, 437-442, 1997). It is designed to allow a researcher to run masked (and unmasked) priming experiments using a variety of response devices (including keyboards, graphics tablets and force transducers). Very little knowledge of MATLAB is required; experiments are generated by creating a text file with the required parameters, and raw and analyzed data are output to Excel (as well as MATLAB) files for further analysis. The toolbox implements a variety of stimuli for use as primes and targets, as well as a variety of masks. Timing, size, location, and orientation of stimuli are all parameterizable. The code is open-source and made available on the Web under a Creative Commons License.

  3. Den danske magtelite bør dæmpe sin begejstring over Macron

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellersgaard, Christoph

    2017-01-01

    Eliten. Den franske præsident, der caster sig selv som en politisk fornyer, er præget af elitære institutioner og netværk gennem hele sin karriere.......Eliten. Den franske præsident, der caster sig selv som en politisk fornyer, er præget af elitære institutioner og netværk gennem hele sin karriere....

  4. Expression of the bacteriophage T4 denV structural gene in Escherichia coli

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recinos, A. III; Augustine, M.L.; Higgins, K.M.; Lloyd, R.S.

    1986-01-01

    The expression of the T4 denV gene, which previously had been cloned in plasmid constructs downstream of the bacteriophage lambda hybrid promoter-operator oLpR, was analyzed under a variety of growth parameters. Expression of the denV gene product, endonuclease V, was confirmed in DNA repair-deficient Escherichia coli (uvrA recA) by Western blot analyses and by enhancements of resistance to UV irradiation

  5. Den første Karl Gustav-krig 1657-58

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olden-Jørgensen, Sebastian

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer den første Karl Gustav-krig i forskellige persketiver og konkluderer, at krigen ikke bør opfattes som et dårligt forberedt og uigennemtænkt forsøg på dansk revanche inden for rammerne af en nordisk rivalisering, men snarere som  en velovervejet satsning og et led i den dansk-s...

  6. Loyalitet i praksis:En etnologisk kulturanalyse af fænomenet den loyale forbruger

    OpenAIRE

    Breddam, Mads Dupont

    2015-01-01

    Loyalitet i praksis – en etnologisk kulturanalyse af fænomenet den loyale forbruger , er en kvalitativ kulturanalyse af, hvordan loyalitet skabes i forbindelse med den danske detailhandels - og andelsorganisation Coop og Coops loyalitetsprogram CoopPlus. Undersøgelserne bygger på et empirisk materiale , som hovedsageligt består af kvalitative interviews med en række medlemmer og medejere af Coop samt med medarbejdere i Coops hovedkvarter i Albertslund . Afhandlingen er en praksiografisk under...

  7. Über den Nachrichtenwert von Friedensjournalismus - Ergebnisse einer experimentellen Studie

    OpenAIRE

    Monika Spohrs

    2006-01-01

    Laut Nachrichtenwertforschung hängt die Publikations- und Lesenswürdigkeit von Nachrichtentexten von den Nachrichtenfaktoren der zu publizierenden Ereignisse ab. Als anerkannte Nachrichtenfaktoren gelten beispielsweise Negativität, Vereinfachung und Personifizierung. Friedensjournalistische Arbeiten weichen von diesen Kriterien oft ab, indem sie versuchen, die berichteten Ereignisse in ihrer Komplexität darzustellen, den Fokus nicht auf negative Ereignisse zu legen und auch strukturellen Them...

  8. Den årlige klining af moskéen i Jenné

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Jørgen

    2007-01-01

    Danske studerende hjælper med kliningen af den store moské i Jenné under 'Mohammed-krisen'. Jenné er et af UNESCO's 'heritage sites' - en by helt bygget i ler. Vedligeholdelse og årlig klining er nødvendig. Moskeen er den største bygning, lukket for ikke-muslimer. Det danske hold fik adgang til m...

  9. Nonsurgical endodontic management of dens invaginatus with open apex: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rani, Nidhi; Sroa, Renu B

    2015-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a rare malformation with a widely varied morphology. It typically affects permanent maxillary lateral incisors, central incisors, and premolars. This article demonstrates rapid management of type II dens invagination with open apex and large periradicular lesion using calcium hydroxide as intracanal medicament for 1-week followed by apical plug formation with mineral trioxide aggregate Plus and lateral condensation of Gutta-percha. At 24-month follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic and lesion was entirely resolved.

  10. Den europæiske drøm - om EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2007-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Jeremy Rifkin: Den europæiske drøm (Informations Forlag, 2006). Oversat fra engelsk efter: "The European Dream: How Europe's Vision of the Future Is Quietly Eclipsing the American Dream" (2004)......Anmeldelse af: Jeremy Rifkin: Den europæiske drøm (Informations Forlag, 2006). Oversat fra engelsk efter: "The European Dream: How Europe's Vision of the Future Is Quietly Eclipsing the American Dream" (2004)...

  11. Konfliktrettens anvendelighed i den offentlige sektor set i lyset af OK13

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgedahl, Laust; Ibsen, Flemming

    2015-01-01

    eller mægling. Men der er stor forskel på de præmisser og vilkår som konfliktretten bygger på, når den offentlige - og private sektor sammenlignes. I denne artikel præsenteres en kritisk analyse af brugen af konfliktretten i den offentlige sektor set i lyset af OK13 og lærerlockouten. Artiklen viser...

  12. Køn og kærlighed i Den Hebraiske Bibel og tidlig rabbinsk litteratur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schleicher, Marianne

    2014-01-01

    De religiøse grundlæggertekster synes optaget af at sikre kulturens videreførelse gennem entydiggørelse af køn og kærlighed, men den hebræiske bibel og den tidlige rabbinske litteratur skildrer lige så ofte i de mest dramatiske og poetiske passager køn og kærlighed som komplekse, sammensatte, for...

  13. Wheat seed enhancement by vitamin and hormonal priming

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khan, M.B.; Gurchani, M.A.; Hussain, M.

    2011-01-01

    Seed priming has proven beneficial in many important agricultural crops. The present study was conducted to explore the role (if any) of hormonal and vitamin seed priming to improve the germination, seedling emergence, early seedling establishment, electrolyte leakage and nutrients uptake in wheat seedlings. The wheat seeds were soaked for 48 hours in aerated solution of salicylic acid, ascorbic acid, kinetin and GA3 with 20 ppm concentration of each solution, whereas untreated seeds were taken as control. Seed priming with ascorbic acid resulted in maximum final germination and emergence percentage (FGP and FEP), radical and plumule length, root and shoot length, number of secondary roots, root shoot ratio, root dry weight, shoot dry weight and seedling dry weight compared to control (untreated seeds). Minimum mean germination and emergence time (MGT and MET) was recorded in seeds primed with kinetin and GA3. While in case of biochemical attributes, seedling potassium contents were decreased by hormonal seed priming while total soluble sugars were increased by salicylic acid and ascorbic acid seed priming. Hormonal seed priming had non-significant effect on phosphorus seedling contents. Untreated (Control) seeds showed maximum electrical conductivity at 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 12 and 24 h after inbibition than primed seeds against the minimum electrical conductivity that was recorded in seeds primed with salicylic acid and ascorbic acid. In conclusion, the wheat seeds primed with 20 ppm solution of ascorbic acid may be used for wheat seed invigoration. (author)

  14. Selective impairment of masked priming in dual-task performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Rico; Kiesel, Andrea; Kunde, Wilfried; Schubert, Torsten

    2011-03-01

    This study investigated the impact of divided attention on masked priming. In a dual-task setting, two tasks had to be carried out in close temporal succession: a tone discrimination task and a masked priming task. The order of the tasks was varied between experiments, and attention was always allocated to the first task-that is, the first task was prioritized. The priming task was the second (nonprioritized) task in Experiment 1 and the first (prioritized) task in Experiment 2. In both experiments, "novel" prime stimuli associated with semantic processing were essentially ineffective. However, there was intact priming by another type of prime stimuli associated with response priming. Experiment 3 showed that all these prime stimuli can reveal significant priming effects during a task-switching paradigm in which both tasks were performed consecutively. We conclude that dual-task specific interference processes (e.g., the simultaneous coordination of multiple stimulus-response rules) selectively impair priming that is assumed to rely on semantic processing.

  15. How Orthography Modulates Morphological Priming: Subliminal Kanji Activation in Japanese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakano, Yoko; Ikemoto, Yu; Jacob, Gunnar; Clahsen, Harald

    2016-01-01

    The current study investigates to what extent masked morphological priming is modulated by language-particular properties, specifically by its writing system. We present results from two masked priming experiments investigating the processing of complex Japanese words written in less common (moraic) scripts. In Experiment 1, participants performed lexical decisions on target verbs; these were preceded by primes which were either (i) a past-tense form of the same verb, (ii) a stem-related form with the epenthetic vowel -i, (iii) a semantically-related form, and (iv) a phonologically-related form. Significant priming effects were obtained for prime types (i), (ii), and (iii), but not for (iv). This pattern of results differs from previous findings on languages with alphabetic scripts, which found reliable masked priming effects for morphologically related prime/target pairs of type (i), but not for non-affixal and semantically-related primes of types (ii), and (iii). In Experiment 2, we measured priming effects for prime/target pairs which are neither morphologically, semantically, phonologically nor - as presented in their moraic scripts-orthographically related, but which-in their commonly written form-share the same kanji, which are logograms adopted from Chinese. The results showed a significant priming effect, with faster lexical-decision times for kanji-related prime/target pairs relative to unrelated ones. We conclude that affix-stripping is insufficient to account for masked morphological priming effects across languages, but that language-particular properties (in the case of Japanese, the writing system) affect the processing of (morphologically) complex words.

  16. How Orthography Modulates Morphological Priming: Subliminal Kanji Activation in Japanese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoko eNakano

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The current study investigates to what extent masked morphological priming is modulated by language-particular properties, specifically by its writing system. We present results from two masked priming experiments investigating the processing of complex Japanese words written in less common (moraic scripts. In Experiment 1, participants performed lexical decisions on target verbs; these were preceded by primes which were either (i a past-tense form of the same verb, (ii a stem-related form with the epenthetic vowel -i, (iii a semantically-related form, and (iv a phonologically-related form. Significant priming effects were obtained for prime types (i, (ii and (iii, but not for (iv. This pattern of results differs from previous findings on languages with alphabetic scripts, which found reliable masked priming effects for morphologically related prime/target pairs of type (i, but not for non-affixal and semantically-related primes of types (ii and (iii. In Experiment 2, we measured priming effects for prime/target pairs which are neither morphologically, semantically, phonologically nor - as presented in their moraic scripts – orthographically related, but which - in their commonly written form - share the same kanji, which are logograms adopted from Chinese. The results showed a significant priming effect, with faster lexical-decision times for kanji-related prime/target pairs relative to unrelated ones. We conclude that affix-stripping is insufficient to account for masked morphological priming effects across languages, but that language-particular properties (in the case of Japanese, the writing system affect the processing of (morphologically complex words.

  17. Remote identification of maternal polar bear (Ursus maritimus) denning habitat on the Colville River Delta, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blank, Justin J.

    High resolution digital aerial photographs (1 foot pixel size) of the Colville River Delta, Alaska were examined in 3D, with the use of a digital photogrammetric workstation. Topographic features meeting the criteria required for adequate snow accumulation, and subsequent construction of terrestrial polar bear maternal dens, were identified and digitized into an ArcGIS line shapefile. Effectiveness, efficiency, and accuracy were improved when compared to previous polar bear denning habitat efforts which utilized contact photo prints and a pocket stereoscope in other geographic areas of northern Alaska. Accuracy of photograph interpretation was systematically evaluated visually from the air with the use of a helicopter and physically on the ground. Results show that the mapping efforts were successful in identifying den habitat 91.3% of the time. Knowledge denning habitat can improve and inform decision making by managers and regulators when considering travel and development in the study area. An understanding of polar bear denning habitat extent and location will be a crucial tool for planning activities within the study area in a way that minimizes conflicts with maternal dens.

  18. Complex endodontic treatment of an immature type III dens invaginatus. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fregnani, E R; Spinola, L F B; Sônego, J R O; Bueno, C E S; De Martin, A S

    2008-10-01

    To report the endodontic treatment of an immature maxillary central incisor with dens invaginatus. Dens invaginatus is a rare malformation of teeth, probably resulting from an infolding of the dental papilla during tooth development. The present case describes the complex endodontic treatment of a type III dens invaginatus in an immature maxillary central incisor with a necrotic pulp and abscess formation. The initial treatment goal was to achieve apexification of the pseudocanal root and conservative root canal treatment in the main canal. Following 1-year of treatment with calcium hydroxide dressings, radiography revealed a healing response, but no sign of a hard tissue barrier at the apex. Periapical surgery with the placement of a zinc oxide cement (IRM) root-end filling was considered successful at the 4-year follow-up. The complexity of the canal system and open apex in dens invaginatus present a challenge to endodontic treatment. Correct diagnosis and treatment planning are fundamental to treatment of dens invaginatus. Periapical surgery is indicated in cases of unsuccessful apexification in immature teeth with dens invaginatus and nonvital pulp.

  19. Double Dens Invaginatus with Multiple Canals in a Maxillary Central Incisor: Retreatment and Managing Complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoya, Asma; Ali, Sajid; Alam, Sharique; Tewari, Rajendra K; Mishra, Surendra K; Kumar, Ashok; Andrabi, Syed Mukhtar-Un-Nisar

    2015-11-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly that often presents a perplexing challenge to the endodontist. It involves the maxillary central incisor less commonly than the maxillary lateral incisor. Double dens invaginatus is even rarer. Herein a unique case of dens invaginatus in a maxillary central incisor is presented. The tooth had an inadequate previous root canal treatment. On retreatment, multiple canals and double dens invaginatus were found. The invaginations were Oehlers type 3b and type 2. The complex morphology was diagnosed and confirmed with cone-beam computed tomography imaging and managed with a combined surgical and orthograde approach. Four canals and a blind sac along with an open apex were found. There were many intercommunications between the canals. During the treatment, a complication of a separated instrument occurred, which was managed successfully. The 1-year follow-up shows successful outcome of the treatment. Dens invaginatus may be more complicated than it seems. It needs meticulous treatment by a specialist. Failure or a delay in referring the case to a specialty setting may further increase the complications. With the advancements in equipment and materials, it is possible to save even severe cases of dens invaginatus. Copyright © 2015 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. What you see depends on what you saw, and what else you saw: The interactions between motion priming and object priming

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang, Xiong; Jiang, Yang; Parasuraman, Raja

    2014-01-01

    Both visual object priming and motion priming have been reported independently, but the interactions between the two are still largely unexplored. Here we investigated this question using a novel type of SFM stimuli, 3-D helixes, and found that the motion direction perception of an ambiguous helix can be biased by the motion direction of a preceding SFM stimulus – a classic motion priming effect. However, the effectiveness of motion priming depends on object priming: a neutral object priming ...