WorldWideScience

Sample records for democratically elected government

  1. Learning Democratic Global Governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haavelsrud, Magnus

    1996-01-01

    Outlines a model process of developing knowledge from within different groups and cultures to allow more equitable participation of all world societies in the definition of global governance. Reviews concepts relevant to education's contributions toward learning and creating democratic global governance. Discusses the educational utility of…

  2. The Challenges of Democratic Governance in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enahoro, N. I.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This review sets out to examine the challenges of democratic governance in Nigeria. Specifically, the work focuseS on some inescapable facts, such as concept of governance and politics, democratic governance, corruption as well as erosion of federalism by Nigerian leaders. The study observes that a government that does not recognize that it holds power in trust for the people is one of the challenges of Nigerian democratic governance. In addition, the work highlights the importance of willed, handful of well meaning totally committed and uncompromised people, to turn the tide and bring about the much needed change to a true democracy in Nigerian governance. Sequel to the findings of this work, it is recommended that, consistent audit should be carried out in Nigerian democratic governance, the properties of genuine federalism be enhanced, elected officials must possess and demonstrate excellent leadership qualities and credentials for the offices they occupy.

  3. A Mathematical Model of Democratic Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mato Nagel

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Democratic election is the preferred method for determining political administrators nowadays. The intention is to find the best possible leader in order to improve the group's competitiveness and success. Though preferred, democratic election is far from being optimal in this respect, and is increasingly becoming the target for fraud. A model was developed to scientifically analyze the present electoral system's insufficiency. It is based on fauceir assumptions. Its calculations enable principles to be developed that optimize the election process, while also revealing the limits of elections in societies growing ever more complex, so that in the end elections have to be replaced by processes similar to what has proved optimal throughout naturally occurring evolution-natural selection.

  4. Civil Society and Democratic Governance in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibitoye, M. O.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available It is quite intriguing that fifty-two years after Nigeria attained her nominal independence from her colonial masters and twelve years into her democratic dispensation following a protracted and most challenging struggle against a rapacious military hegemony, the dividends of good governance have largely eluded the majority who wallow in abject poverty in the midst of abundant resources. Thus, the current democratic experiment appears to be fraught with similar imperfections that plagued the past democratic attempts thereby making transformation a myth rather than reality in Nigeria. The dire need to institutionalize the culture of good governance in Nigeria so as to improve the quality of life of the Nigerian people informs the position of this study. Hence, civil society has been adopted as a veritable tool for achieving good governance. This paper, therefore, attempts to carry out a thorough exposition of civil society organization vis- a- vis its transformatory role as an arbiter to redeem the Nigeria society from imminent total collapse as the country is yet to arrive at the ultimate destination of democracy as the government of the people, duly elected by the people, in the service of the people.

  5. Nigeria and Democratic Progress by Elections in Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Carbone

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Elections do not always advance democratisation, yet they can. We outline a democratisation-by-elections model according to which the opportunities for political change opened up by each electoral round build on previous election-related democratic progress. We focus on Nigeria, interpret the recent executive turnover in light of previous elections, and set the country within the comparative context of Africa’s democratisation. Using a new Africa Leadership Change dataset, we use election-related events to examine the diverse routes that African regimes have taken since 1990. The analysis highlights two major syndromes: democratic stagnation and recession. In a sizeable group, however, the institutionalisation of democracy has been making gradual progress. While there is no predetermined way to advance democracy, the reiteration of elections can be instrumental in such advancement.

  6. Perceptions of the Principal's Role in Democratic School Governance in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mncube, Vusi

    2009-01-01

    This article explores governors' perceptions of the role played by school principals in the democratic governance of secondary schools in South Africa. The South African Schools Act No. 84 of 1996 has mandated that all public schools in South Africa must have democratically elected school governing bodies, comprised of the principal (in his or her…

  7. Improving democratic governance through institutional design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torfing, Jacob; Skelcher, Chris

    2010-01-01

    In this article we provide a conceptual and argumentative framework for studying how institutional design can enhance civic participation and ultimately increase citizens' sense of democratic ownership of governmental processes. First, we set out the socio-political context for enhancing the demo......In this article we provide a conceptual and argumentative framework for studying how institutional design can enhance civic participation and ultimately increase citizens' sense of democratic ownership of governmental processes. First, we set out the socio-political context for enhancing...... the democratic governance of regulatory policies in Europe, and highlight the way in which civic participation and democratic ownership is given equal weight to economic competitiveness. We then discuss the potential for institutionalized participatory governance to develop and its prospects for improving...... effective and democratic governance in the multi-layered European polity. We conclude by outlining a research agenda for the field and identifying the priorities for scholars working interactively with civil society and governments....

  8. Peru's troubled return to democratic government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, J M

    1982-01-01

    Contemporary Peru is a society beset by a host of social, economic, and political problems. In the postwar period Peru has become a paradigm for the phenomena of rapid population growth, internal migration, hyperurbanization, and socioeconomic marginality. These phenomena converged to create the "barriada," a huge squatter settlement brought into being ordinarily by huge invasions of vacant lands in the outskirts of Lima. It is this great and growing marginal mass that weighs so heavily on the city and the country's economy. Their sheer numbers strain the city's resources and capacity to delivery services such as waste disposal. The central reality of the barriada is grinding poverty, which in turn manifests itself in street crime and a general and growing sense of personal insecurity that pervades Lima. For years now the Peruvian economy has been unable to absorb this growing marginal mass productively. There is massive unemployment and underemployment. As in so many cases in contemporary Peru, action to solve 1 problem may simply generate another, possibly more serious elsewhere. This is the essence of the conundrum that awaited Francisco Belaunde Terry when he assumed the presidency in June 1980 as the head of Peru's 1st democratically elected government in over 12 years. The Belaunde government's market-oriented approach to political economy is an adaptation to a more general trend. Essentially, the transition from military authoritarian rule to civil democratic rule between 1978-80 was very smooth. For the present, power was assumed by political forces committed in broad terms to the underlying socioeconomic system rather than to revolutionary transformations. A fundamental aspect of the context was the shift away from populism and toward capital concentration. The negative impact of this shift on the income levels of the majority was exacerbated by the economic crisis of the late 1970s and by the terms of an International Monetary Fund agreement. The

  9. Measuring the democratic anchorage of governance networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fotel, Trine; Sørensen, Eva; Torfing, Jacob

    in what we shall call a model for the democratic anchorage of governance networks. As illustrated by our qualitative case study of a multi-level and cross-border governance network involved in the recent decision to build a bridge between Denmark and Germany, the democratic anchorage model helps to assess......There has been a growing debate about the democratic problems and potentials of governance networks among political scientists and public managers. While some claim that governance networks tend to undermine democracy, others argue that they have the potential to improve and strengthen democracy....... This debate is found wanting in two respects. First of all, there has been far too little discussion about what democracy means in relation to pluricentric governance networks. Second, the current debate builds on the assumption that it is possible to give a clear-cut answer to the question of the democratic...

  10. Conditional election and partisan cycles in government support to the agricultural sector : An empirical analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, J.G.; de Haan, J.

    2013-01-01

    We examine the effect of elections and government ideology on public funding to the agricultural sector using a panel model for more than 70 democratic countries from 1975-2009. We find that support for agriculture increases prior to elections, and that right-wing governments redistribute more incom

  11. Conditional Election and Partisan Cycles in Government Support to the Agricultural Sector: An Empirical Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, J.G.; Haan, de J.

    2013-01-01

    We examine the effect of elections and government ideology on public funding to the agricultural sector using a panel model for more than 70 democratic countries from 1975-2009.We find that support for agriculture increases prior to elections, and that right-wing governments redistribute more income

  12. Explaining the democratic anchorage of governance networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skelcher, Chris; Klijn, Erik-Hans; Kübler, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Advances in understanding the democratic anchorage of governance networks require carefully designed and contextually grounded empirical analysis that take into account contextual factors. The article uses a conjectural framework to study the impact of the national democratic milieu...... on the relationship between network governance and representative institutions in four European countries: the United Kingdom, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Denmark. The article shows that the distinction between majoritarian and consensus democracy as well as the varying strength of voluntary associations...... are important contextual factors that help explain cross-national differences in the relationship between governance networks and representative institutions. We conclude that a context of weak associationalism in majoritarian democracies facilitates the instrumentalization of networks by government actors...

  13. Election Administration and Democratization Process in Nigeria: An Appraisal of 2007-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence Ime Edet

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study analyzed the impact of election administration and Nigeria’s democratization process using 2007-2015 general elections as the focal point. The study avers that elections in Nigeria during the period were characterized by various problems, resulting in questionable electoral outcomes. This was largely due to weak political institutions, mainly, the Independent National Election Commission (INEC. INEC lacks financial, institutional and administrative independence, as evidenced by its funding and composition by the presidency, as well as its lack of professional staff and security of tenure for its officials. This study, therefore, critically examines election administration in Nigeria within the periods and how such elections influenced democratization process in the Country. In achieving this objective, the study relied on content analysis and adopted abstraction from liberal democratic theory. Elections can only promote and institutionalize democratization in Nigeria if the electoral processes are reviewed in certain ways that fundamentally address the capacity and independence of INEC, to discharge its responsibilities effectively and efficiently. This study revealed that democratization through election administration depends largely on the institutional foundations of the electoral processes, especially, the INEC. A professional, impartial and independent INEC would provide better prospects of effective election administration in Nigeria. This study, however, recommends, among others, that electoral laws should be strengthened to encourage stiff punishment for electoral offenders as well as beneficiaries of fraudulent elections. The study conclude that the trend towards challenging electoral fraud in the courts and the judicial decisions, signal a strengthening of democratic principles and gives some hopes for democratization.

  14. The Democratic Party of Córdoba before the November 1931 elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desiree del Valle Osella

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the Cordoba Democratic leaders's actions for orchestrating an electoral solution to the uriburista dictatorship, considering the results of the elections; strategy to integrate a national electoral antiyrigoyenista coalition (The National Democratic Party and the reaction that it brought about within the group. How ever the Democrats triumphed comfortably in the provincial and municipal elections; the PDN victory was not very pronounced. Integrating meant to PD coalition the defection of the leaders who saw in it the loss of the progressivism that characterized the Cordoba party

  15. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-22

    Labour and Development Party, the National Solidarity Party of Afghanistan’s Youth , the Republican Party, and the National Congress Party of Afghanistan...any other provision of law , no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a...Rule of Law and Justice Sector Assistance, by Liana Sun Wyler and Kenneth Katzman. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

  16. New public management reforms in Nigerian democratic governance

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    New public management reforms in Nigerian democratic governance: issues and challenges. ... Journal of Research in National Development ... of the philosophy of administration broadly called “New Public Management” (NPM) in an effort to ...

  17. Brazilian Congress, 2014 elections and governability challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Santos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This research note examines the results of the 2014 elections focusing on the National Congress. Its main objective is to ponder over common claims and predictions regarding the future of Brazilian politics. Beyond agreements and alliances involved in the electoral dispute, President Dilma Rousseff once again shall face the political challenges and dilemmas of Brazilian presidentialism, namely, how to create and manage government coalitions capable of implementing a coherent political program with a fragmented and heterogeneous Congress. The critical examination of the current hypotheses on the latest elections, especially concerning parliamentary fragmentation and a shift towards the right-wing, will serve as a compass attempting to formulate possible answers to such a fundamental problem in Brazilian politics.

  18. School Governing Body Election Deficiencies – Deliberative Democracy Knocking at the Door

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Smit

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available As forums, School Governing Bodies have the makings of a great and unique South African democratic tradition as they reflect local deliberations, participative decision-making by stakeholders in education. The main contention of this article is that the SGB election processes at many public schools in South Africa are deficient. Legal analysis reveals the extent of non-uniformity of SGB election regulations among the nine provinces, as well as unlawful regulatory provisions, the unfair and undemocratic administration of the election process and misconceptions about democracy are causal factors that result deficiencies in SGB elections. The qualitative evidence affirms that parents are concerned about the insufficient information about candidates before and during elections, thus preventing voters from making informed decisions. Undemocratic features in the election process results in the election of unsuitable or incompetent candidates which has a detrimental effect on the governance of public schools. It is therefore recommended that a new set of nationally uniform SGB election regulations, which allows for transparent deliberation between candidates and voters should be promulgated before the next SGB election in order to address these shortcomings.

  19. The Triple Democratic Deficit in University Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claassen, R.J.G.; Duwell, M.

    2015-01-01

    The recent student and staff protests in Amsterdam and at other Dutch universities have brought to light fundamental disagreements about the future of the Dutch university. Many students and staff members of Dutch universities have argued that the level of democratic decisionmaking about central pol

  20. The Triple Democratic Deficit in University Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claassen, R.J.G.; Duwell, M.

    2015-01-01

    The recent student and staff protests in Amsterdam and at other Dutch universities have brought to light fundamental disagreements about the future of the Dutch university. Many students and staff members of Dutch universities have argued that the level of democratic decisionmaking about central

  1. The Role of Democratic Governing Bodies in South African Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsson, Jenni

    2002-01-01

    School governance reform in post-apartheid South Africa aimed to democratize schooling while accommodating diverse school histories of underdevelopment or self-management. Analysis of relevant legislation shows the reform was structured to allow representative democracy and partnerships. But two recent studies suggest that governance reforms have…

  2. Giving voice to the voiceless through deliberative democratic school governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nonceba Mabovula

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available I focus on the role of learners in the governance of secondary schools. I seek to promote a voice for learner expression as guaranteed in the national Department of Education's guidelines for Representative Council of Learners as part of promoting democratic governance. The potential, limitations, constraints, conse­quen­ces, and challenges facing learners in the school governance structure need to be revealed and debated. The views of school principals were solicited by means of unstructured open-ended questionnaires. Six problem areas emerged from the data. The irony is that although the democratisation of school governance has given all stakeholders a powerful voice in school affairs, learners' voices are, seemingly, being silenced. In attempting to resolve the problem, a new model of democratic school governance to be known as 'deliberative democratic school governance' (DDSG is suggested. There are several DDSG approaches that can be employed in creating elements for stakeholder empowerment and in driving deliberative democratic school governance forward. These include inclusion, motivational communication, consensus, deliberation/ dialogue, collaboration, and conflict resolution. Some school governance stake­holders and schools may use only one or a few of these strategies to create spaces for learner voices in their respective schools.

  3. Two Democratic Traditions In The Election Of Head Of Village In Neglasari, Tasikmalaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iyep Saefulrahman

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the working of two democratic traditions in the election of head of Neglasari Village in 2015. This aim based on the condition of Neglasari as a unity of law society that has its own tradition in implementing democracy. However, the state determines that liberal democratic tradition is the main traditions that applied in head of village election. The research uses qualitative research and case study as its research strategy. Data collecting is done by interview, observation and documentation. The working of both democratic traditions turns out to provide a positive contribution, to the village democracy to be more qualified because both traditions are supporting each other.

  4. Democratic Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    governance has become established among political actors in the region. .... corruption; and promoting the development of the private sector through an enabling ... Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance adopted as part.

  5. A Class Museum of the 2012 Election: "Government OF the People, BY the People, and FOR the People"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philpott, Sarah Lewis; Turner, Thomas N.

    2012-01-01

    The 2012 elections are the perfect opportunity to help students make sense of and visualize their role in the democratic society. In this article, the authors examine the benefits of building a class museum centered on the theme: "Government of the People, for the People, and by the People." They provide steps and examples to show how to build a…

  6. Indonesia: Nation-building and democratic governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Montobbio

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The constitution of a state in democracy and development in what is Indonesia today is just one of the possible stories of History. To explain what has made it possible and what will determine Indonesia’s future and transformations, this paper offers an approach to the structuring axis of Indonesia’s national construction; it also analyses the process that led to the replacing of the political regime established by Sukarno after independence by Suharto’s “New Order”, and its consolidation and crisis, which subsequently led to political transition, then to the present democratic regime in consolidation and to the overcoming of Indonesia’s historical challenges. The paper concludes with an analysis of the current situation and the challenges Indonesia faces in the future.

  7. Local government elections – Some personal perspectives

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ittmann, HW

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available the next elections. Various forms of election forecasts exist and are being used in most elections (Brown, et al 1999; Greben, et al 2005; Karandikar, et al 1998; Lichtman, et al 1990; Morton 1988; Samuelson 2011 and Thedeen 1990). Before an election...? answer (Samuelson, 2008). The ?yes? answers favour the incumbent party candidate. If five or fewer answers are ?no?, the incumbent party retains the presidency, while if six or more are ?no?, the challenger wins. This method is based on a statistical...

  8. challenging less democratic school governing body practices

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    , for the reason that power is the force and capa- .... Because resistance is a form of conflict, it stands ... of influence, but that all governing body members should at least have ..... It is our contention that an analysis of the data illustrates that SGB.

  9. MH Smit SCHOOL GOVERNING BODY ELECTION DEFICIENCIES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    13093185

    bodies are comprised of members elected from among the parents, learners, ..... autonomy to nominate and elect their own candidates irrespective of the ..... constrain true participation.50 This has led to the development of a revitalised ...... South Africa: An Education Law Perspective (PhD-thesis North-West University. 2009).

  10. Sustained Innovation Through Shared Capitalism and Democratic Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyster, M. A.; Blasi, J.; Sibilia, J.; Zebuchen, T.; Bowman, A.

    The Foundation for Enterprise Development (FED) explores application of democratic representative governance models and structures for long-term interdisciplinary research, development and education to the concept of an organization that can sustain activity in support of interstellar travel in the 100-year timeframe, as outlined by the 100 Year StarshipTM. This paper titled, Sustained Innovation through Shared Capitalism and Democratic Governance , explores the roots of representative structures and organizations as long-lived success stories throughout history. Research, innovation, organizational structures and associated issues are explored to address the long-term focus required for development, both material and human. Impact investing vehicles are also explored as potential investment structures addressing the long-term horizon required by the organization. This paper provides an illustration, description and philosophical approach of this model as developed by the FED and our collaborators.

  11. election malpractice in students union government of nnamdi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    JONATHAN

    amongst others are the desire to gain undue advantage over credible .... voting period beyond the stipulated time, use of force and threat to influence voting pattern ... the case in the elections of student's union government of Nnamdi Azikiwe ...

  12. The Election Machine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vadgaard, Anne Kathrine Pihl

    2016-01-01

    When democratic elections run smoothly, the practices that ensure a direct – free and fair – link from the will of the people to those who govern are mostly hidden in the bureaucratic machinery of elections. These administrative aspects of elections are seen as a background to the political delib...

  13. Selecting Japan's New Prime Minister. Prepared as Background for the Liberal Democratic Party Presidential Elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krauss, Ellis S.

    Divided into four major parts, this document explains the significance of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) in Japan. Part 1 indicates that the LDP has governed Japan since 1955 and controls 445 seats in the 764 seat parliament. The selection of the prime minister, chosen from within the ruling party, is seen as vital to U.S. interests. For…

  14. The Role of the Jordanian Media in Raising Awareness of the Democratic Election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heba Hammad

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: We ty to identify the role of Jordanian media in spreading awareness of the democratic election from the viewpoint of a sample of students in the faculties of university in Jordan. Approach: The search tool consisting of 24 paragraphs were utitlized on a sample of 100 students. Results: Results showed that differences were not statistically significant according to place of residence. The results indicated that the specialty as a function at the level of significance 0.05 for the benefit of students. Conclusion: We condcluded that the assessment of students to the role of the media was average and preferably better than that.

  15. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-23

    2001, but the government remains weak and rife with corruption. The government has slowly widened its writ , even though substantial powers are...councils, which are widely respected and highly conservative in orientation, remained intact. Some of them continue to exercise their writ rather than...Government Performance Congressional Research Service 4 information technology, medical, and other highly skilled professions and that they are

  16. PENSION FUND RESULTS OF THE ELECTIONS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Voting papers issued 3162 Ballot papers returned 1740 Ballot papers declared null 22 Total number of votes 1718 Blank votes 12 Null votes 60 Valid votes 1646 Valid ballot papers cast as follows: Guy MAURIN 994 Florence RANJARD 652 Votes cast (percentage) 55.02 %Thus Mr Guy MAURIN is elected member of the Governing Board, as from 1 January 2001 for three years. Mrs Florence RANJARD is elected alternate member of the Board as from 1 January 2001 for three years.

  17. School Governing Bodies in South African Schools: Under Pressure to Enhance Democratization and Improve Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heystek, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Governing bodies in South Africa are expected to have an important role in ensuring high quality education in schools as well as in the democratization of the post-apartheid South Africa. However, current legislation precludes governing bodies from involvement in the professional management of schools. Governing bodies are democratically elected…

  18. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    Uzbeks) or sectarian factions, rather than overarching themes . A major party is Jamiat Islami (Islamic Society), a party that grouped Tajik leaders... Dubai properties, prompting President Karzai to appoint a Central Bank official to run the Kabul Bank. However, the government moves did not prevent...November 2010, the government opened a USAID-funded women-only park in Kabul called “Women’s Garden” where women can go, without male escort, and

  19. Junior coalition parties in the British context: Explaining the Liberal Democrat collapse at the 2015 general election

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, C.; Middleton, AF

    2016-01-01

    The Liberal Democrats’ performance in the 2015 general election provides an opportunity to examine the only case in the post-war period of a national junior coalition partner in British politics. Comparative research highlights competence, trust and leadership as three key challenges facing junior coalition parties. This article uses British Election Study data to show that the Liberal Democrats failed to convince the electorate on all three counts. The article also uses constituency-level da...

  20. «Rotten boroughs» and democratization. The municipal elections of April of 1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Villa García

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Until 1979, the local elections of April 1933 were the last of a democratic nature to be held in Spain. Their importance is determined, moreover, for being the most sincere expression of rural democracy, which had previously been mediated by mechanisms such as «the encasillado» and Article 29 of the electoral act of 1907. In this article we analyze these elections, which until now lacked an overall treatment, using not only secondary sources or press, but also official papers. With these documents, we were able to reconstruct electoral results that were, up until then, still incomplete and fragmentary. Our goal is to measure the degree of politicization of a significant sample of the rural electorate in the 30´s, after half a century of representative liberal regime, through the reconstruction of the process leading to these elections, the organization of political parties in rural towns and the correlation of forces due to alliances, the nature of the propaganda used and the presence of vote-distorting elements (governmental intervention, political violence, etcetera. Another point of focus is whether this politicization tended to consolidate the foundations of the current constitutional model and the ruling coalition or, on the contrary, if it was a reactive phenomenon, carried out by forces of the opposition, both republican and conservative. In general, after the reconstruction of the final results and considering nuances, this text leans more towards the second interpretation, although the intensity varied from one region to another.

  1. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-17

    they do not advertise themselves as “ethnic” parties per se, because Article 35 of the Afghan constitution bans parties based on ethnicity or...of local power structures in favor of a monopoly of central government control over armed force—which often targeted Northern Alliance militias for...15 This is the name of the area where the Taliban prisoners purportedly died and were buried in a mass

  2. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    around the personalities of their founders rather than enduring ideas. These parties include the Afghanistan Labour and Development Party, the National...Government Performance Congressional Research Service 37 In major policy addresses, President Obama has consistently stressed that more needed to be...A large proportion of the remainder work as teachers . On several occasions, the United States has funded jobs fairs that have recruited some new

  3. The Influence of Democratic Legitimacy on Outcomes in Governance Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E-H. Klijn (Erik-Hans); J. Edelenbos (Jurian)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Drawing on different theories of democracy, this article distinguishes three dimensions of democratic legitimacy: political accountability, voice, and due deliberation. The article operationalizes each form of democratic legitimacy and then looks at how these various fo

  4. RESULTS OF THE ELECTIONS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Voting papers issued 2959 Ballot papers returned 1489 Ballot papers declared null 19 Total number of votes 1470 Blank votes 15 Null votes 51 Valid votes 1404 Valid ballot papers cast as follows : Jean-Pol MATHEYS 829 Florence RANJARD 347 José Carlos GASCON 228 Votes cast (percentage) 50.32 % Thus Mr Jean-Pol MATHEYS is elected member of the Governing Board, as from 1 January 2004 for three years. Mrs Florence RANJARD is elected alternate member of the Board as from 1 January 2004 for three years.

  5. PENSION FUND - RESULTS OF THE ELECTIONS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Voting papers issued 3055 Ballot papers returned 1561 Ballot papers declared null 4 Total number of votes 1557 Blank votes 17 Null votes 33 Valid votes 1507 Valid ballot papers cast as follows : Irene SEIS  1026 Guillermo DE LA FUENTE  481 Votes cast (percentage) 51,10 % Thus Mrs Irene SEIS is elected member of the Governing Board, as from 1 January 2003 for three years. Mr Guillermo DE LA FUENTE is elected alternate member of the Board as from 1 January 2003 for three years.

  6. PENSION FUND: Results of the elections to the Governing Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Voting papers issued 3181 Ballot papers returned 1525 Ballot papers declared null 5 Total number of votes 1520 Blank votes 13 Null votes 96 Valid votes 1411 Valid ballot papers cast as follows : Claude HAUVILLER 637 Guillermo DE LA FUENTE 428 Pedro MARTEL 346 Votes cast (percentage) 47.94 % Thus Mr Claude HAUVILLER is elected member of the Governing Board as of 1 January 2006 for three years. Mr Guillermo DE LA FUENTE and Mr Pedro MARTEL are elected alternate members of the Board as of 1 January 2006 for three years.

  7. PENSION FUND RESULTS OF THE ELECTIONS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Voting papers issued 3124 Ballot papers returned 1758 Ballot papers declared null 19   Total number of votes 3182 Blank votes 10 Null votes 22 Valid votes 3150 Valid ballot papers cast as follows : Stephen MYERS 948 Enrico CHIAVERI 659 Claude HAUVILLER 613 Florian SONNEMANN 492 Poul Kjaer FRANDSEN 438 Votes cast (percentage) 56,27 % Thus Mr Stephen MYERS and Mr Enrico CHIAVERI are elected members of the Governing Board, as from 1 January 2002 for three years. Mr Claude HAUVILLER and Mr Florian SONNEMANN are elected alternate members of the Board as from 1 January 2002 for three years.

  8. Pension Fund: results of the elections to the Governing Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Voting papers issued 3181 Ballot papers returned 1525 Ballot papers declared null 5 Total number of votes 1520 Blank votes 13 Null votes 96 Valid votes 1411 Valid ballot papers cast as follows : Claude HAUVILLER 637 Guillermo DE LA FUENTE 428 Pedro MARTEL 346 Votes cast (percentage) 47.94 % Thus Mr Claude HAUVILLER is elected member of the Governing Board as of 1 January 2006 for three years. Mr Guillermo DE LA FUENTE and Mr Pedro MARTEL are elected alternate members of the Board as of 1 January 2006 for three years.

  9. Pension Fund: Results of the Elections to the Governing Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Voting papers issued Ballot papers returned Ballot papers declared null 3121 1718 6 Total number of votes Blank votes Null votes Valid votes 3028 11 32 2985 Valid ballot paperscast as follows : Stephen MYERS Joël LAHAYE Florian SONNEMANN Enrico CHIAVERI 918 827 647 593 Votes cast (percentage) 55,04 % Thus Mr Stephen MYERS and Mr Joël LAHAYE are elected members of the Governing Board, as from 1 January 2005 for three years. Mr Florian SONNEMANN and Mr Enrico CHIAVERI are elected alternate members of the Board as from 1 January 2005 for three years.

  10. Key Organisational Choices for Financing Regional Governments in Democratic Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Toboso

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available How much power to tax do really enjoy the seventeen new regional governments created in democratic Spain? What other sources of income do they dispose of? Which rules have been implemented for regulating their tax and non-tax sources of income and how are these rules influencing the behaviour of relevant political agents? These are the questions addressed in the present paper. Although no econometric estimation has to my knowledge been provided yet, the arguments and figures provided indicate that the political mobilization and the overspending incentive generated at this level of government must be considered key factors in any explanatory model of the surprising path of growth and development registered in Spain since the mid 1980s. Physical and human capital stocks increased at a spectacular rate so as to substantially narrow the gap, in comparison to European standards, that had been generated over the previous forty years of dictatorship. Public deficits and outstanding public debt remained under control. Spanish per capita real GDP soared from 2,536 Euros in 1980 to 19,456 in 2004.

  11. Evaluating the democratic accountability of governance networks: Analysing two Nordic Megaprojects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aarsæther, Nils; Bjørnå, Hilde; Fotel, Trine

    2009-01-01

    There is currently a need to analyse and measure the democratic accountability of governance networks. This kind of analysis and measurement calls for the development of an interactive conceptualisation of democratic accountability that makes it possible to measure the level of democratic...... accountability of concrete governance networks with reference to the extent to which they interact with (1) relevant politicians appointed through the institutions of representative democracy, (2) the relevant and affected stakeholders, and (3) the wider citizenry. A case study of two governance networks...

  12. Zupta's Next Nightmare: The South African Local Government Elections of 3 August 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulf Engel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available On 3 August 2016 South Africa held its fifth local government elections (LGE since the end of Apartheid in 1994. Against a backdrop of increasing political frustration with the ruling party’s poor performance and continued debates about corruption and cronyism in the highest government circles, the African National Congress (ANC maintained its dominant position but lost 8 per cent of the aggregate vote (53.91 per cent. The Democratic Alliance (DA gained some 3 per cent (26.89 per cent of the vote, and the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF, first-time LGE campaigners, garnered 8.02 per cent. Importantly, the ANC lost control of three of the seven big metropolitan municipalities it had previously held. Since there was no clear-cut majority in four of the eight metros, coalition politics and the art of compromise will become a major feature of South African politics in the coming years. The elections were highly competitive and considered free and fair. At 57.97 per cent, voter turnout was slightly higher than in 2011.

  13. The Relationship Between Levels of Education and Perception of Democratic Governance Among Nigerian School Leavers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adesoji A. ONI

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The study investigated the views and perception of school leavers about the democratic government in Nigeria. A self-designed questionnaire was used for collection of their views. The participants of the study comprised 500 school leavers selected across different working places in the six states of Southwest Nigeria. Results clearly revealed that majority of the respondents are not satisfied with the current performance of the present democratic Government in Nigeria. Most of the respondents suggested participation of everyone in the act of governance that favor rule of law, equality, and freedom and that this should be adopted by the government. The researcher therefore recommended a democratic system of government that will incorporate all the basic principles of democracy into the system of government, while marginalization and neglect of the poor, women, youth, and rural dwellers should be avoided.

  14. Notes on the Brazilian 2006 Presidential Elections: The Winding Road to Democratic Consolidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucio Renno.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the main characteristics of the 2006 Brazilian Presidential elections. It explores two defining traits of this elections: the interplay between how retrospective economic voting and views towards corruption affected vote volatility and the final result of the election. The paper concludes by pointing out implications of the current elections to the strengthening of democracy in Brazil.

  15. Republicanism with adjectives: aristocratic and democratic dimensions in campaign discourses on Brazilian presidential elections of 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DIAS, Marcia Ribeiro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the nature of political discourse of the two main presidential candidates in Brazil in 2006, taking as a primary source the campaign conveyed through Free Electoral Propaganda Telecast. It starts with a classical theoretical approach that divides the Republican discourse into two branches: aristocratic and democratic. On the one hand, advocates of restriction and, on the other, supporters of the expansion of political participation in state affairs. The first branch is based the rhetoric of political class distinction and, therefore, uses the technical argument, the expertise as a core element of good government performance. The second branch is based on the use of identity between representatives and represented using, for this purpose, the political argument that good government depends on the deepening of democracy through political participation and priority attention to the most needy population. The main objective of the paper was to check to what extent Geraldo Alckmin’s and Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva’s electoral campaigns in television were able to translate each of these republican traditions

  16. Are elected health boards an effective mechanism for public participation in health service governance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauld, Robin

    2010-12-01

    There is growing interest in the idea of elected members on health service governing boards as a means to induce public participation in planning and decision making, yet studies of elected boards are limited. Whether elected boards are an effective mechanism for public participation remains unclear. This article discusses the experiences of New Zealand where, since 2001, there have been three sets of elections for District Health Boards. Information on candidates and election results is presented along with data gathered via post-election voter surveys. The article also considers the broader regulatory context within which the elected boards must operate. The New Zealand experience illustrates that elected health boards may not be an effective mechanism for public participation. Voter turnout has declined since the inaugural elections of 2001, and non-voters form the majority. Reasons for not voting include failure to receive voting papers, a lack of interest, or no knowledge of elections. The elections have also failed to produce minority representation, while the capacity for elected members to represent their communities is subject to constraints. On the upside, elections have enabled public involvement in various dimensions of participation, including oversight and processes of governance. New Zealand's mixed performance suggests that elected boards may need to be complemented with other participatory channels, if increased public participation is the goal. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  17. Budget Monitoring and Control in South African Township Schools: Democratic Governance at Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mestry, Raj; Naidoo, Gans

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates budget monitoring and control in township schools in South Africa. The enactment of the Schools Act 1996 revolutionized school financial management in South Africa, making it part of the drive for democratic school governance. School governing bodies had to be established, whose responsibility it became to manage finances…

  18. Democratizing School Authority: Brazilian Teachers' Perceptions of the Election of Principals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, John P.

    2008-01-01

    The idea of collective decision making in schools has been a popular democratic educational reform model. One of its claims is that participation in school decision making empowers teachers and improves teaching. This research investigates this claim by exploring seven teachers' experiences with a unique democratic school reform in Porto Alegre,…

  19. Under what conditions can local government nurture indigenous people’s democratic practice?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sareen, Siddharth; Nathan, Iben

    2017-01-01

    This paper asks whether and under what conditions participatory local government can best nurture indigenous peoples’ democratic practice. Based on fieldwork in two similar Ho communities in the Indian state Jharkhand, we show that their village assemblies function differently with regard to meet....... Our study indicates that high literacy, social cohesion, active state support, and proactive leadership are conditions under which this best happens....... to meetings, wood access regulation, development projects, and participation. Neither prevents exclusion and co- option. This supports the argument that while local governments can hardly challenge existing power structures, they can under certain conditions nurture democratic practice and democratisation...

  20. Technological Determinism and Permissionless Innovation as Technocratic Governing Mentalities: Psychocultural Barriers to the Democratization of Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taylor Dotson

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite no shortage of thoughtful analysis concerning how to more democratically develop and assess new technologies, practical progress toward democratized innovation has been paltry. This state of affairs suggests that the barriers to such democratic ends merit more attention. Building upon calls to more seriously examine citizens’ understandings of technology as autonomous or deterministic, this paper characterizes the assumptions, beliefs, and patterns of thought undergirding technological determinism and permissionless innovation as technocratic governing mentalities. That is, they contribute to the biasing of political discourses, practices, and organizations toward non-decision making and adaptation with regards to technological change. Indeed, permissionless innovation is quickly becoming the motto of those aiming to legitimate a “hands-off” approach to the sociotechnical “disruptions” sought by Silicon Valley entrepreneurs. Moreover, this paper explores how STS, as both an academic and political endeavor, might better respond to the challenges these modes of thinking present. Drawing upon relevant work within social psychology and communications, several fruitful avenues for engaged research regarding undermining technocratic governing mentalities become apparent. Not only is there a pressing need for accessible and parsimonious counternarratives to technological determinism and permissionless innovation but also rhetorical strategies for making the democratization of technological appear continuous with aspects of status quo systems. Finally, given that technocratic governing mentalities are likely to have practical and material roots, inquiry should be directed toward understanding how different sociotechnical arrangements impact citizens’ perception of the desirability and feasibility of democratizing technology.

  1. Democratic local governance in the Southern African Development Community region: Some emerging issues and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bornwell Chikulo

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Recent reforms have been transforming the structure of local governance in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC region. Since the 1990s, a critical objective of governance reform has been the strengthening of local government by the decentralization of powers, resources and responsibilities to local authorities and other locally administered bodies. These reforms have been labelled ‘democratic decentralization’ by scholars (Ribot, 2004; Olowu & Wunsch, 2004. Democratic decentralization refers to initiatives which entail the transfer of significant authority, responsibility for services, fiscal and human resources to local governance. The objective of the reforms was to capacitate local governance structures, as well as to increase the capacity and productivity of the public sector in general (Hope & Chikulo, 2000. Efforts to improve institutional effectiveness, accountability and service delivery at the local level thus have been a major focus throughout the region.

  2. Democratization of Justice and Governance: some notes from Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Querino Tavares Neto

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Social rights have a collective dimension that arises especially when they become object of public policies, so their efficacy depends on the enlargement of deliberative spaces within the civil society. Although the legitimacy of the adjucation process depends on the juridical order providing spaces to guarantee that divergent interests will be represented, this is still difficult in the judiciary. Public hearings and amicus curiae can bring together “new actors”, such as NGO’s and social movements to the judicial field, so they could become more able to resist to the domination process denounced by Bourdieu, leading to democratization of the judiciary

  3. On inclusion and network governance: the democratic disconnect of Dutch energy transitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, C.M.

    2008-01-01

    The coordination of policy networks, or network governance, poses threats and opportunities for democracy. Against the norms of liberal democracy, multi-actor partnerships do not fare well: they appear to lack responsiveness, public accountability and democratic legitimacy. But in terms of promoting

  4. Democratic legitimacy criteria in interactive governance and their empirical application

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E-H. Klijn (Erik-Hans)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract__Introduction:__ Governance and Democracy Whatever ‘governance’ is, it is certainly aimed at involving stakeholders. The literature gives various reasons for the necessity of involving stakeholders and thus why (interactive) governance can be more effective than more classical for

  5. Democratic legitimacy criteria in interactive governance and their empirical application

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E-H. Klijn (Erik-Hans)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract__Introduction:__ Governance and Democracy Whatever ‘governance’ is, it is certainly aimed at involving stakeholders. The literature gives various reasons for the necessity of involving stakeholders and thus why (interactive) governance can be more effective than more classical for

  6. The Clan Problem in Rural Grassroots Governance and Democratic Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiaoTangbiao; ZhuShida; DavidKelly

    2004-01-01

    The role of patrilineal clans in rural grassroots governance and democracy is conspicuously stratified. On the one hand, there is variation between village and township levels of governance: clan influence is greater in the former than in the latter. This is linked to the difference in size and area of village and township organizations.

  7. Democratic Institutions, Natural Resource Governance, and Ghana’s Oil Wealth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix Kumah-Abiwu

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The literature on natural resources is endowed with works on countries that have experienced slow economic performance despite their abundant natural resources (resource curse, with the exception of Norway and other few countries. Strong institutions and good governance practices have been underscored as some of the explanatory factors to the high performance of the outlier countries. Ghana’s oil discovery in the era of its advancing democratic practices has led some to argue that the country might escape the resource curse phenomenon. While recognizing the importance of this argument, this article, however, argues that Ghana’s likelihood of escaping the resource curse could be problematic due to its exclusive emphasis on democratic governance without greater focus on oil sector governance. Drawing on the theory of agenda setting and the existing literature, the article makes the case for agenda shift in the debate on Ghana’s oil wealth and development. It stresses the need for a dualistic governance (the democratic and the oil sector approach in the broader discourse on how Ghana can escape the resource curse.

  8. The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly and the promotion of democratic governance in Central Asia: a critical appraisal

    OpenAIRE

    Simão, Licínia

    2014-01-01

    Central Asian regimes have effectively maintained autocratic systems and have been rather impervious to western policies of democratisation. This paper takes a critical reading of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly’s (PA) role in promoting democratic governance in Central Asia, arguing that there are two main reasons for the institution’s limited successes in the region, namely the very nature of the International Parliamentary Institutions, which have limited ability to activate political influ...

  9. Review: Louis Lebel, John Dore, Rajesh Daniel, and Yang Saing Koma (eds.: Democratizing Water Governance in the Mekong Region (2007 Buchbesprechung: Louis Lebel, John Dore, Rajesh Daniel, and Yang Saing Koma (eds.: Democratizing Water Governance in the Mekong Region (2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henriette Litta

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Review of the edited volume: Louis Lebel, John Dore, Rajesh Daniel, and Yang Saing Koma (eds.: Democratizing Water Governance in the Mekong Region Chiang Mai, Thailand: Mekong Press, 2007, ISBN 978-974-9511-25-1, 304 pages Besprechung des Sammelbandes: Louis Lebel, John Dore, Rajesh Daniel, and Yang Saing Koma (Hrsg.: Democratizing Water Governance in the Mekong Region Chiang Mai, Thailand: Mekong Press, 2007, ISBN 978-974-9511-25-1, 304 Seiten.

  10. Between the Managerial and the Democratic University: Governance Structure and Academic Freedom as Sites of Political Struggle

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dalie Giroux; Dimitrios Karmis; Christian Rouillard

    2015-01-01

      In this article we argue that the university cannot fully contribute to democratic life without being both an institution whose governance is collegial and based on principles of equality, equity...

  11. Comparing the Performance of Faith-Based and Government Schools in the Democratic Republic of Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Backiny-Yetna, Prospere; Wodon, Quentin

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides a comparative assessment of the market share, reach to the poor, and performance of faith-based and public schools in the Democratic Republic of Congo using data from the 2004-2005 "123" survey. More than two thirds of primary school students attend faith-based government-assisted schools. Both types of school cater to a similar population that is overwhelmingly poor. Faith-based schools perform slightly better at least in some dimensions than government schools, but the d...

  12. Comparing the Performance of Faith-Based and Government Schools in the Democratic Republic of Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Backiny-Yetna, Prospere; Wodon, Quentin

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides a comparative assessment of the market share, reach to the poor, and performance of faith-based and public schools in the Democratic Republic of Congo using data from the 2004-2005 "123" survey. More than two thirds of primary school students attend faith-based government-assisted schools. Both types of school cater to a similar population that is overwhelmingly poor. Faith-based schools perform slightly better at least in some dimensions than government schools, but the ...

  13. Conflict and Sustainable Democratic Good Governance in Nigeria: A Theoretical and Philosophical Exposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeleke, G. O.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available There is a cordial relationship between good governance and the existence of peace and stability in the society. When the leaders and the led are treated with equity to the socio-economic resources of the state, the state is run as an organic whole, and there will be peace and stability in the society. This paper argues that in Nigeria the contrary is the case, even under democratic regime, which is expected to be harbinger of economic prosperity for the people, thus violent reactions from the citizenry Is a coping strategy against the misrule of the leaders as it has brought a lot of poverty amidst plenty to the average Nigerians. The paper suggests that one of the ways out of the problem is adoption of dialogue and mutual understanding between the leaders and the led, based on the provision of good governance by the government and co-operation with the government by the citizens for Nigeria to attain sustainable democratic good governance.

  14. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. Timetable (extract) : Monday 22 November 2004 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 23 November 2004 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 29 November. ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name : CHIAVERI First Name : Enrico I have been a CERN staff member since 1973 and have always been interested in our working conditions. As a member of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association I participated from 1980 to 1984 in the Working G...

  15. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    Pension Fund

    2004-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. Timetable (extract) : Monday 1 November 2004 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin (see thereafter) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 22 November 2004 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 23 November 2004 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 29 November. ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name : CHIAVERI First Name : Enrico I have been a CERN staff member since 1973 and have a...

  16. Seeking Election: Evaluating a Campaign for Public School Board Trusteeship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Robin

    2011-01-01

    Canadian public school board trustees are generally chosen by way of public ballot in civic elections. A comparison of board governance literature to a local narrative account of public school board elections exposes several gaps between espoused democratic ideals and the realities of public engagement in trustee selection. I investigate the…

  17. Results of the Elections to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Voting papers issued Ballot papers returned Ballot papers declared null 3'193 1'338 0 Total number of votes Blank votes Null votes Valid votes 1'338 24 61 1'253 Valid ballot papers cast as follows : 1'253 Michel GOOSSENS Henrik VESTERGARD 820 433 Votes cast (percentage) 41.90 % Thus Mr Michel GOOSSENS is elected member of the Governing Board, as from 1 January 2007 for three years.Mr Henrik VESTERGARD is elected alternate member of the Board as from 1 January 2007 for three years. F. Ranjard J. Lahaye

  18. Results of the Elections to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Voting papers issued Ballot papers returned Ballot papers declared null 3'193 1'338 0 Total number of votes Blank votes Null votes Valid votes 1'338 24 61 1'253 Valid ballot papers cast as follows : 1'253 Michel GOOSSENS Henrik VESTERGARD 820 433 Votes cast (percentage) 41.90 % Thus Mr Michel GOOSSENS is elected member of the Governing Board, as from 1 January 2007 for three years.Mr Henrik VESTERGARD is elected alternate member of the Board as from 1 January 2007 for three years. F. Ranjard J. Lahaye

  19. Democratic Governance through interaction between NGOs, Universities and Science Shops:Experiences, Expectations, Recommendations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard; Brodersen, Søsser

    is to contribute to improved interaction between NGOs, universities and Science Shops by providing information on the experiences and expectations of co-operation between small and medium NGOs and universities through intermediaries such as Science Shops. The project should be seen as a contribution...... to the discussion of strategies for democratic governance. The INTERACTS research project was funded by the European Commission, DG12 under the programme “Improving the Human Research Potential and the Socio-economic Knowledge Base” – “Strategic Analysis of Specific Political Issues”. INTERACTS is an Accompanying...... Shops, and universities in the partner countries. • Twenty-one national case studies analysing experiences of interaction between NGOs, researchers, students and Science Shops and the impact on societal dis-courses, research agendas and university curricula • The expectations for and perspectives of co...

  20. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    This year, one member and two alternates are to be elected. The candidate who obtains the most votes will be elected member and the other candidates will be their alternates. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 21 November 2005 Voting closes at 12:00. Counting of votes from 14:30. Tuesday 22 November 2005 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 28 November. CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name: MARTEL First Name: Pedro I arrived at CERN as a Staff member in 1995, and have been working with Engineering Databases since then. I am also personally interested in (macro and micro) economic issues. As a member of the Staff Association's Executive Commission in charge ...

  1. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    Pension Fund

    2005-01-01

    This year, one member and two alternates are to be elected. The candidate who obtains the most votes will be elected member and the other candidates will be their alternates. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 31 October 2005 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 21 November 2005 Voting closes at 12:00. Counting of votes from 14:30. Tuesday 22 November 2005 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 28 November. CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name: MARTEL First Name: Pedro I arrived at CERN as a Staff member in 1995, and have been working with Engineering Databases since then. I ...

  2. University and community partnerships in South Sulawesi, Indonesia: Enhancing community capacity and promoting democratic governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Mastuti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available South Sulawesi is a province in Indonesia where the majority of the population is Muslim, with many variant interpretations of Islam. Alauddin State Islamic University is not just a place for teaching and study but also plays a role in helping to unify the differences among these different Islamic groups. Its changing of status from institute to university in 2005, and later the support of the Canadian-assisted SILE Project beginning in 2010, have made this university an example of reform in the way it implements its functions. Since 2011, Alauddin State Islamic University has been developing a new approach in university-community outreach/engagement. What was formerly separated between teaching, research and community service is now linked under one institutional umbrella. The new university-community outreach approach has also adopted some new tools like Asset Based Community Development (ABCD and Results Based Management (RBM. It seeks to promote democratic governance, gender equality and a sustainable environment. The university also works in partnership with civil society organisations (CSOs in South Sulawesi, including Islamic-based organizsations, secular organisations and women’s organisations. The model for the partnership is a working group (abbreviated to pokja in Indonesian, which comprises lecturers from a faculty in the university and members of a CSO. We discuss the opportunities and challenges faced by these working groups. Opportunities include increased advantages from pooling their organisational capacities and experience in working with communities. Sharing their networks and resources makes them stronger and makes their work more sustainable. The challenge lies in changing the mindset from a needs-based, project-oriented approach to an asset-based facilitative approach, comprehending the tools, managing time to work together and building effective teamwork. Keywords: university-community outreach, democratic governance

  3. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are hereby informed of the 2007 elections to the Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. One member and one alternate are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund (office 33-S-022) by midday on Monday 2 October at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 2 October 2006 Closing date for the submission of candidatures to the Administration of the Fund (building 33-S-022), at 12 o'clock midday.Candidates must send their 'manifesto'in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@cern.ch) as soon as possible after submitting their candidature, and at the latest by 9 October for publication in the Bulletin of 16 October. Monday 30 October 2006 Second publication of the candidates'ma...

  4. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are informed of the elections of the 2005 Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. Two members and two alternates are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund by midday on Monday 27 September at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 27 September 2004 Closure of the submission of candidatures at the Administration of the Fund (Building 5/1-025), at 12 hrs. Candidates are responsible for sending in their â€ワpublicity” in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@Cern.ch) as soon as possible after having submitted their candidature and at the latest by 4 October for publication in the Bulletin of 11 October. Monday 1st November 2004 Second publication of the ...

  5. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are hereby informed of the 2007 elections to the Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. One member and one alternate are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund (office 33-S-022) by midday on Monday 2 October at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 2 October 2006 Closing date for the submission of candidatures to the Administration of the Fund (building 33-S-022), at 12 o'clock midday. Candidates must send their 'manifesto'in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@cern.ch) as soon as possible after submitting their candidature, and at the latest by 9 October for publication in the Bulletin of 16 October. Monday 30 October 2006 Second publication of the candidates'm...

  6. Elections of Members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are informed of the elections of the 2006 Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. One member and two alternates are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund by midday on Monday 3 October at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 3 october 2005 Closure of the submission of candidatures at the Administration of the Fund, at 12 hrs. Candidates are responsible for sending in their “publicity” in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@Cern.ch) as soon as possible after having submitted their candidature and at the latest by 10 October for publication in the Bulletin of 17 October. Monday 31 october 2005 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin...

  7. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. New timetable (extract) : Monday 10 January 2005 Second publication of the candidates' publicity and the statement from all the candidates in the Bulletin. Monday 31 January 2005 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 1st February 2005 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 7 February. Statement from the Candidates for Election to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund The composition of the Governing Board of the CERN Pension Fund is as follows. two members appointed by the CERN council and two alternates two members appointed by the DG of CERN and two alternates one member appointed by the Staff Association and one alternate one member appointed by the DG of ESO and one alternate four members elected by the members of the fund and four ...

  8. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are informed of the elections of the 2002 Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. Two members and two alternates are to be elected. Nomination forms are provided in this Bulletin (overleaf) and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund by midday on Monday 1st October at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 1st October 2001 Closure of the submission of candidatures at the Administration of the Fund, at 12 hrs. Candidates are responsible for sending in their «publicity» in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@Cern.ch) as soon as possible after having submitted their candidature and at the latest by 9 October for publication in the Bulletin of 15 October. Monday 5 November 2001 Second publication of the candidates' publici...

  9. Elections of Members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Members of the Pension Fund are informed of the elections of the 2004 Governing Board, in accordance with the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund approved by the Finance Committee on 11 October 1989. One member and one alternate are to be elected. Nomination forms (pdf) are provided in this Bulletin and must be deposited with the Administration of the Fund by midday on Monday 29 September at the latest. These elections will take place following the timetable given below: Monday 29 September 2003 Closure of the submission of candidatures at the Administration of the Fund, at 12 hrs. Candidates are responsible for sending in their «publicity» in French and English in a WORD document to the Administrator of the Fund (e-mail: Christian.Cuenoud@Cern.ch) as soon as possible after having submitted their candidature and at the latest by 7 October for publication in the Bulletin of 13 October. Monday 3 November 2003 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin ...

  10. Electronic Government In Democratic Public Service In One Door Integrated Permit Handling Services Agency In The City Of Samarinda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iman Surya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Electronic government needs to carry out in a fundamental public services of democracy. But in practice BPPTSP one door integrated permit service board of Samarinda not able to perform the activities. The aim of this research described analyzing electronic government and public services in a democracy. The methodology used in this research using descriptive qualitative approach the study was on the one door integrated permit service of Samarinda respondents in Samarinda the mayor head of Samarinda the citizen private group of government agencies and interests. Then variable measured in electronic government includes support capacity value and public services including democratic information consultancy and participation. The results of research shows that the variables measured having a deficiency and inability in accommodate aspirations built between citizens and the government in developing electronic democratic government. It is influenced by the absence of elements of liaison which is justice diversity and access electronic between government and public services that make democratic BPPTSP the inability of the city of Samarinda to make changes in depth in an effort to build and create a public being communicative with citizens.

  11. Virtual polling data: A social network analysis on a student government election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shane Tilton

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will look at the ability of online social networks to predict election outcomes of a connected society, in this case a university. Facebook represents a new phenomenon in networking within a university. These network constructs allow for communication to occur rapidly and can influence the opinion of the student body. It is the conglomeration of previous information and communication technologies (ICTs wrapped up under a simple graphical user interface (GUI that allows the student body to communicate quickly and has allowed online social networks to dominate collegiate culture. Collegiate culture exists in a duality of the real world and this new online social network. Student governance is reflected in both of these realms. Student governance is as close to political power as most students get within the confines of the university and just as complex as the network structure present in Facebook. Like Facebook, the students within the collegiate experience must successfully navigate within the internal network to survive and become leaders in the community. With these similarities, the research question that will framed the rest of the paper will be "could Facebook be used to estimate the results of a student election?" The research used a hierarchical linear matrix, which was developed for the work of Raudenbush & Bryk, to develop a model that could answer this question. The final analysis of the matrix showed it was able to predict what place the candidates came in 21 out of 27 times for all of the candidates in a given election. In terms of predicting the candidate's final percentage of votes received (within half the standard deviation of the Estimated Polling Percentage, which was .072722 during the election 12 out of 27 times for all of the candidates in a given election.

  12. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    This year, one member and one alternate are to be elected. The candidate who obtains the most votes will be elected member and the other candidate will be her/his alternate. Timetable (extract): Monday 6 November 2006 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 20 November 2006 Voting closes at 12 midday. Counting of votes from 2.30 p.m. Tuesday 21 November 2006 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 27 November 2006. CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance...

  13. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    This year, one member and one alternate are to be elected. The candidate who obtains most votes will be elected member and the other candidate will be her/his alternate. Timetable (extract) : Monday 3 November 2003Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin (see thereafter) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 24 November 2003Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 25 November 2003 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 1 December. This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate:Name: RANJARD First name: FlorenceHaving been a member of the Governing Board of the Pension Fund since 1983 as Guy Maurin's alternate, I am standing for a further 3-year term of office. This year Guy Maurin will not be a candidate, however we should pursue the active management of the as...

  14. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pensions Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. New timetable (extract) : Monday 6 December 2004 Publication of the candidates' publicity and the statement from all the candidates in the Bulletin. Monday 3 January 2005 Distribution of the new ballot papers at CERN. Monday 10 January 2005 Second publication of the candidates' publicity and the statement from all the candidates in the Bulletin. Monday 31 January 2005 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 1st February 2005 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 7 February. Statement from the Candidates for Election to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund The composition of the Governing Board of the CERN Pension Fund is as follows. two members appointed by the CERN council and two alternates two members appointed by the DG of C...

  15. Retrospective voting and party support at elections: credit and blame for government and opposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plescia, Carolina; Kritzinger, Sylvia

    2017-04-03

    Retrospective voting is arguably one of the most important mechanisms of representative democracy, and whether or not the public holds the government accountable for its policy performance has been extensively studied. In this paper, we test whether retrospective voting extends to parties in the opposition, that is whether and how parties' past performance evaluations affect their vote, regardless of whether they were in government or in opposition. Taking advantage of a rich set of questions embedded in a representative German national elections panel, we update our knowledge on the retrospective voting mechanism by modeling retrospective voting at the party level. The findings indicate that the incumbent status is not the only criterion for retrospective voting, ultimately suggesting that both government and opposition parties can expect credit and blame for their conduct and this should provide some impetus for responsive performance of all parties.

  16. Electronic voting - Amendment of Article 6a of the Regulations for elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    On the recommendation of the Governing Board, the Finance Committee is invited to approve the amendment to Article 6a. of the Regulations for elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund, as proposed in this document, to enter into force on 1st July 2006.

  17. 42 CFR 137.295 - May Self-Governance Tribes elect to develop their own environmental review process?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... own environmental review process? Yes, Self-Governance Tribes may develop their own environmental... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May Self-Governance Tribes elect to develop their own environmental review process? 137.295 Section 137.295 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH...

  18. Meritocratic administration and democratic stability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cornell, Agnes; Lapuente, Victor

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a hypothesis for understanding democratic stability based on the distinction between politicized and meritocratic bureaucracies. We argue that in a politicized administration, the professional careers of large numbers of government officials depend directly upon which party wins...... the elections. This increases the likelihood that the government will take opportunistic actions aimed at surviving in office at any cost; that is, benefiting core supporters at the expense of other groups. In turn, this may foster pre-emptive actions from the opposition, such as military coups. Conversely...... stability. Empirically, we illustrate the mechanisms with two well-documented cases of democratic transitions that enshrined a politicized administration – Spain (1876–1936) and Venezuela (1958–1998) – and one transition that kept a meritocratic bureaucracy, Spain (1975–)....

  19. Democratizing Water Governance from the Grassroots: The Development of Interjuntas-Chimborazo in the Ecuadorian Andes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogesteger van Dijk, J.D.

    2012-01-01

    Making water management more democratic through the participation of water users, while crucially including the poor, has often proven elusive in practice. Through an in-depth case study, this article analyzes how the provincial water users federation Interjuntas-Chimborazo was consolidated in the E

  20. Lalu Fadlurrahman 93 Promoting Democratization and Good Governance: Rifka Annisa Women Crisis Center Yogyakarta PROMOTING DEMOCRATIZATION AND GOOD GOVERNANCE: RIFKA ANNISA WOMEN CRISIS CENTER YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalu Fadlurrahman

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the reformation era in 1998, the number of No n-Governmental Organizations in Indonesia is exploding and their impact on Governance growing. D ecentralization Policy has supported this trend with its goal to enhance development in the regions , requiring more active involvement of the people in formulating their interests. Organizations can p lay an important role in the regions as a bridge between the people and the government. In order to strengthen that role, Non-Governmental Organizations must have a solid organisational fund ament and political strategies to get actively involved in the policy making process. An addition al stronger legal fundament for such an active role could force the government agencies to include NGOs in the part a policy process. This paper delivers a case study on the actual performance of a local Non-Governmental Organization in the field of Gender Politics and Good Governance. Organisational set up and results of attempts to play an active role in articulating the interests of people it rep resents are reviewed and lead to suggestions for improvement of performance, that can work as guidel ine for other NGOs in Indonesia who want to contribute to local Governance

  1. Theoretical approaches to elections defining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya V. Lebedeva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Theoretical approaches to elections defining develop the nature, essence and content of elections, help to determine their place and a role as one of the major national law institutions in democratic system.

  2. The perceptions of parents of their role in the democratic governance of schools in South Africa: are they on board?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuzi Mncube

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available I argue that parent participation in SGBs is an important ingredient in building democracy in the schooling system, as well as in the wider society of South Africa. At some schools in South Africa, parents are not yet playing their full role as governors mandated by legislation. Parents at some rural schools are reluctant to participate in the decision-making by School Governing Bodies (SGBs as a result of their low educational level or of power struggles in SGBs. In some former model C schools, on the other hand, lack of participation is related to a level of education of parents in general, lack of education on parental involvement in school activities, a fear of ‘academic victimisation' of their children, language barrier, and difficulty in attending meetings. This lack of involvement is at its highest in school governing bodies. It appears therefore that while representation and debate are theoretically open and fair, there are still factors that inhibit SGBs from operating democratically. Although the political control of apartheid has gone, issues related to full democratic participation have not been resolved.

  3. The democratic soup: mixed meanings of political representation in governance networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, C.M.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores how political representation is enacted in governance networks, where interdependent actors from government, business, and civil society coproduce public policy. A combined dramaturgical and discourse analysis considers how representation is staged, performed, and articulated i

  4. Capacity builders for governance: community-driven reconstruction in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kyamusugulwa, P.M.; Hilhorst, D.; Haar, van der G.

    2014-01-01

    Community-driven reconstruction (CDR) has become a new paradigm in post-conflict development. It combines infrastructure restoration with introducing good governance at the local level. Recent evaluations show that governance objectives are not easily met and significant change cannot be demonstrate

  5. Capacity builders for governance: community-driven reconstruction in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kyamusugulwa, P.M.; Hilhorst, D.; Haar, van der G.

    2014-01-01

    Community-driven reconstruction (CDR) has become a new paradigm in post-conflict development. It combines infrastructure restoration with introducing good governance at the local level. Recent evaluations show that governance objectives are not easily met and significant change cannot be demonstrate

  6. Capacity builders for governance: community-driven reconstruction in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kyamusugulwa, P.M.; Hilhorst, D.; Haar, van der G.

    2014-01-01

    Community-driven reconstruction (CDR) has become a new paradigm in post-conflict development. It combines infrastructure restoration with introducing good governance at the local level. Recent evaluations show that governance objectives are not easily met and significant change cannot be

  7. Elections and Social Conflict in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    democratic process will be allowed to take its course. In countries that lack these traits , elections have often led to violence. In the Democratic...participation. While elections are COUNTRY ELECTION DATE DEATHS Kenya December, 2007 1502 South Africa April, 1994 239 Nigeria April, 2007 226 Cote

  8. "The Policy Dystopia Model": Implications for Health Advocates and Democratic Governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Elizabeth A; McDaniel, Patricia A

    2016-09-01

    In this Perspective on the research article by Ulucanlar and colleagues, Elizabeth Smith and Patricia McDaniel discuss how industry opposition to regulation can undermine the public's overall confidence in government and science.

  9. Branding the City: The Democratic Legitimacy of a New Mode of Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Eshuis (Jasper); A.R. Edwards (Arthur)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Place branding has been used to influence ideas concerning communities and districts, especially in regeneration programmes. This article approaches branding as a new governance strategy for managing perceptions. Considering the popular criticism that branding is a form

  10. Branding the City: The Democratic Legitimacy of a New Mode of Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Eshuis (Jasper); A.R. Edwards (Arthur)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Place branding has been used to influence ideas concerning communities and districts, especially in regeneration programmes. This article approaches branding as a new governance strategy for managing perceptions. Considering the popular criticism that branding is a

  11. The recent history of school governance has been one of an accelerating decline in democratic accountability

    OpenAIRE

    Waterman, Chris

    2013-01-01

    Free schools and academy schools have been flagship education policies for the Coalition since it came to power in 2010. But while the government claims that these schools are more responsive to local needs, Chris Waterman argues that they have no accountability to local authorities or indeed, to the local communities whose children they educate. The rise of Free and Academy schools is part of a long-term trend of reform which has seen school governance move progressively farther away from lo...

  12. Promoting students’ ownership of their own education through critical dialogue and democratic self-governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene Matusov

    2017-03-01

    However, to our surprise, we found out that merely engaging students in decision making about their own education does not work for many students. After several years of practicing the Open Syllabus pedagogical regime in our undergraduate and graduate classes, we have experienced and abstracted two major mutually related problems: a problem of “culture” and a problem of “self-failure.” The issue of “culture” involved a tension between building a new democratic educational culture while practicing it. We also found that our undergraduate and graduate education students do not follow their own freely chosen educational commitments, and thus they feel betrayed by themselves. Analyzing students’ reflections on the self-failures, we found that they felt pressured by life and institutional survival and necessities. Because of that, they did not have the luxury of prioritizing their own educational self-commitments. In response to this and other concerns, we developed a hybrid pedagogical regime, called Opening Syllabus. We focus on tensions within this new, hybrid pedagogical regime, by analyzing students’ reflections and contributions in class.

  13. The contingency of voter learning: how election debates influenced voters’ ability and accuracy to position parties in the 2010 Dutch election campaign

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meer, T.W.G.; Walter, A.; Van Aelst, P.

    2016-01-01

    Election campaigns are expected to inform voters about parties’ issue positions, thereby increasing voters’ ability to influence future policy and thus enhancing the practice of democratic government. We argue that campaign learning is not only contingent on voters’ characteristics and different

  14. Institutionalizing Local Government as an Instrument of Democratic Consolidation: The Cases of Bulgaria and Paraguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsamunska Polya

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Multi-level governance is widely used throughout the world, especially in more economically developed countries. In part, this is due to the presumed benefits of decentralization in terms of public-service delivery, and in part, it is due to a desire to disperse political power and governmental authority. Thus, 25 years ago, when major governmental reform initiatives were begun in many countries around the world, especially in Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America, much attention was devoted to establishing and / or strengthening local governments. This was the case in Bulgaria and Paraguay, two countries from different parts of the world, but similar in size, economic development and a history of highly centralized and authoritarian regimes. The purpose of this paper is to examine and better understand the processes of decentralization as they took place in those two countries and those factors which facilitated and / or hindered efforts to initiate effective local government.

  15. Involvement and deliberation: Correctives of the democratic system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Santiago Juárez

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Every democratic regime has to guarantee that participation and representation set in both sides of the same coin. In a lot of modern democracies, government doesn’t foment citizen participation, or just do it in case of periodic elections. That’s why is necessary to foment participation and civic virtues. Finally, we have to support deliberative teories to give legitimacy to our democracies.

  16. Use of queue modelling in the analysis of elective patient treatment governed by a maximum waiting time policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kozlowski, Dawid; Worthington, Dave

    2015-01-01

    Many public healthcare systems struggle with excessive waiting lists for elective patient treatment. Different countries address this problem in different ways, and one interesting method entails a maximum waiting time guarantee. Introduced in Denmark in 2002, it entitles patients to treatment at...... by hospital planners and strategic decision makers....... at a private hospital in Denmark or at a hospital abroad if the public healthcare system is unable to provide treatment within the stated maximum waiting time guarantee. Although clearly very attractive in some respects, many stakeholders have been very concerned about the negative consequences of the policy...... on the utilization of public hospital resources. This paper illustrates the use of a queue modelling approach in the analysis of elective patient treatment governed by the maximum waiting time policy. Drawing upon the combined strengths of analytic and simulation approaches we develop both continuous-time Markov...

  17. Democratic Governance for Inclusion: A Case Study of a Greek Primary School Welcoming Roma Pupils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noula, Ioanna; Cowan, Steven; Govaris, Christos

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this paper is how changes in school governance in one state primary school in a city in central Greece have resulted in a significant degree of inclusion for Roma children. This inclusivity runs counter to the disturbing occurrence of the social and ethnic segregation of a group of locally resident Roma children within schools. This…

  18. Democratic Governance for Inclusion: A Case Study of a Greek Primary School Welcoming Roma Pupils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noula, Ioanna; Cowan, Steven; Govaris, Christos

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this paper is how changes in school governance in one state primary school in a city in central Greece have resulted in a significant degree of inclusion for Roma children. This inclusivity runs counter to the disturbing occurrence of the social and ethnic segregation of a group of locally resident Roma children within schools. This…

  19. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    This year, one member and one alternate are to be elected. The candidate who obtains most votes will be elected member and the other candidate will be his/her alternate. Timetable (extract) : Monday 6 November 2000 Second publication of the candidates’ publicity in the Bulletin (see thereafter) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 27 November 2000 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 28 November 2000 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 4 December.

  20. Elections of members to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    This year, one member and one alternate are to be elected. The candidate who obtains the most votes will be elected member and the other candidate will be her/his alternate. Timetable (extract): Monday 6 November 2006 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 20 November 2006 Voting closes at 12 midday. Counting of votes from 2.30 p.m. Tuesday 21 November 2006 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 27 November 2006.

  1. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. Timetable (extract) : Monday 5 November 2001 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin (see pages 11 to 15 of bulletin nr 42, General Information) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 26 November 2001 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 27 November 2001 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 3 December.

  2. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    This year, one member and one alternate are to be elected. The candidate who obtains most votes will be elected member and the other candidate will be her/his alternate. Timetable (extract) : Monday 4 November 2002 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin (see thereafter) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 25 November 2002 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 26 November 2002 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 2 December.

  3. ELECTIONS OF MEMBERS TO THE GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    This year, two members and two alternates are to be elected. The candidates who obtain most votes will be elected members and the other candidates will be their alternates. Timetable (extract) :  Monday 5 November 2001 Second publication of the candidates' publicity in the Bulletin (see General Informations) and distribution of the ballot papers at CERN. Monday 26 November 2001 Voting closes at 12 hrs. Counting of votes from 14.30 hrs. Tuesday 27 November 2001 Forwarding of results to the Communications Section for publication in the Bulletin of 3 December.

  4. Election IAPSM UPUK 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Secretary IAPSMUPUK

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available As per the constitution of IAPSM UPUK, all the members of IAPSM UPUK are hereby informed that Nomination Form for the election of Office Bearers of IAPSM UPUK is now available on the official website (www.iapsmupuk.org. The interested candidates can send their duly filled nomination form for the election of the following posts of IAPSM UP & UK state chapter for the session 2017 – 2018.Secretary:                             01 PostVice - President:                  01 PostChief Editor:                         01 PostExecutive Member:            09 Posts (Six from UP & three from UKThe eligibility criteria for the posts are given in the constitution of IAPSM UPUK. The last date of nomination for the above posts is 30th August 2016 and the last date of withdrawal of nomination is 10th September 2016. Nominations should be sent to secetaryiapsmupuk@gmail.com before the deadline. Candidates seeking election for the post of Secretary/ Chief Editor/Vice - President should send a demand draft of Rs. 1000/- and those for the post of the members of executive committee of governing council Rs. 500/- along with the duly filled nomination form. The details of the nomination fee and its mode of payment etc are given in the prescribed nomination form, which can be downloaded from the official website of IAPSM UPUK state chapter (www.iapsmupuk.org.For conducting fair elections, Prof. J. V. Singh (MZN has been appointed by the Governing Council as                      Chief Election Officer. I hope this democratic way of electing our office bearers of IAPSM UP & UK will strengthen our association many fold. The elections will be held on the first day of IAPSM UPUK conference i.e., on 15th Oct’ 2016 during the General Council Meeting (GBM. I look forward to have active participation and cooperation all over.

  5. Reconceiving Citizenship: Noncitizen Voting in New York City Municipal Elections as a Case Study in Immigrant Integration and Local Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren Gilbert

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper uses New York City’s consideration of an amendment to its charter that would extend voting rights to noncitizens in municipal elections as a case study in immigrant integration and local governance.  It argues that New York City’s biggest challenge in moving this issue forward is dealing successfully with two related questions: 1 why the New York City Council should be able to decide who "the People" are without approval from the state government in Albany and 2 whether it should attempt to enact the measure without a referendum.The analysis first examines the role of local government in regulating the lives of immigrants, contrasting enforcement-oriented strategies with those that are more integration-oriented. It then spotlights federal law obstacles to noncitizen suffrage, concluding that while neither federal criminal nor immigration law prevents state or local governments from extending the franchise to noncitizens in state or local matters, federal law imposes impediments that may deter some noncitizens from registering or that could carry serious immigration consequences for those who vote in violation of federal law.  The article then focuses on state law obstacles, including New York’s constitution, its state election law and its home rule provisions. It contrasts other recent experiences with noncitizen suffrage around the country, looking at both municipal and school board elections. Finally, it provides some thoughts on best practices in moving forward the issue of noncitizen suffrage in New York City and other locales. New York law is ambiguous enough that good arguments can be made for why neither Albany’s approval nor a city-wide referendum is required. However, given New York City’s historic relationship with Albany and the state legislature’s power to preempt local law on election matters, if the city council attempts to expand the franchise to noncitizen voters without a referendum or comparable measure

  6. Towards a Humanistic Conception of Cyberspace. A Twofold Challenge for Netizens Mobilizing for a Democratic Internet Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena PAVAN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Our paper critically addresses the involvement and the role of civilsociety entities in new participatory forms of governance, using the Internetgovernance (IG debate as a case study. The Internet is first and foremost aglobal public space potentially available to everyone for the pursuit of the mostheterogeneous interests. As this global space becomes crucial in everyday lifeand consequences of interests pursuit within it capillary innerve the offlinedimension, new forms of governance are required to ensure that all stakeholdersare represented and actively involved in the management and development ofwhat can be conceptualized as a common pool resource (CPR. The commonsof the Internet space and its service as a CPR necessitate the involvement ofvarious competencies that are dispersed in intelligence networks to whichprivate sector and civil society necessary belong. In particular, we examine themeaning and the potential for the inclusion of civil society entities in this debatein relation to the achievement of a universal (and not only global Internet andthe consolidation of a humanized conception of IG. To this end, we propose ananalytical division of IG space in four sub-sectors (social commons;information and service commons; price commons; infrastructure commonsand we argue that civil society groups participation should be contextualizedand actions modulated following this dissection of competence and eligibilityspheres. Furthermore, the effort to achieve a democratic internet governancetranslates into a double challenge for civil society groups: on the one hand,occasions of direct influence must be fully exploited modulating actions in away that overcomes the inherent heterogeneity characterizing public interestsentities; on the other, a humanized vision has to be built up and consolidated inthe IG field in order to provide a set of benchmarks dynamically interactingwith market and traditional policy making logics. Finally, we will also

  7. From European Union to World Union: Building Effective and Democratic Global Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John McClintock

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Sovereignty-sharing has placed European countries in a position to resolve their common problems through law, not war. As a result, the EU member states now live in peace together and take peace, justice and order for granted. The system of global governance is dysfunctional – some states are failing and the Security Council lacks legitimacy. Humanity does not have a mechanism to resolve its global problems through law, making it difficult – if not impossible – to resolve global problems such as famine, hunger, climate change, war and terrorism, nuclear proliferation, regulation of corporations – including banks, destruction of fish stocks, and population. Sharing of sovereignty at the global level can address these problems, starting in the area of food security, then proceeding to climate management and other fields. Shared sovereignty can eliminate famine and hunger globally.

  8. Local Government and Traditional Leadership in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    There have been arguments whether traditional leadership is needed for rural development in democratic local governance. Arguments about traditional leadership in South Africa often result in the one whether customs based on traditional values are democratic. It is possible to lose the traditional value which has been historically produced in the society if the criterion to judge political meaning of traditional leadership is based on election. The influence which traditional leadership exerc...

  9. 国家治理现代化视角下民主治理的理论诠释%Theoretic Interpretation of Democratic Governance under Modernization of National Governance Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵友华; 侯雨佳

    2016-01-01

    The third plenary session of the 18th National Conference proposed that,in order to push on the modernization of the national management system and management ability,the democratic governance is the basic way to the modernization of national governance.Through tracing the roots of theory,it points out that the paradigm of participatory democracy renaissance and rise of polycentric governance theory is the theory of democratic governance origin.Through practical investigation,it is pointed out that the complex of public affairs,the rise of civil society and the external pressure of global governance are the real-ity of democracy management background,and then from governance responsibilities,management subj ect and management or-der,the three levels of democratic governance theory connotation is analyzed.The theoretical interpretation of democratic gov-ernance,which is beneficial to democratic governance theory basis,helps promote the transformation of national governance, hence better promoting the national modernization management.%党的十八届三中全会提出,要推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,而民主治理正是实现国家治理现代化的基本方式。通过学理溯源,参与式民主的范式复兴和多中心治理的理论兴起是民主治理的理论渊源;通过现实考察,公共事务的复杂多变、公民社会的日益崛起和全球治理的外部压力等是民主治理的现实背景。从治理职责、治理主体和治理秩序三个层面对民主治理的理论内涵加以分析,对其进行诠释,有利于奠定民主治理的理论基础,促进国家治理方式的转型,从而更好地推动国家治理现代化进程。

  10. Slovak Parliamentary Elections 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimír Pčolinský

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Development of a democratic system and market economy in the Slovak Republic has been going on for less than two decades. The same applies to the development of political marketing. Using the example of the Slovak Parliamentary Elections in 2006, we analyse the situation in the political market, voters’ political perceptions, the marketing activities of the political parties and candidates, main topics of election campaign, role of the media and election results. We also offer a short summary of key legislative changes which influenced the 2006 election campaign.

  11. Electronic Elections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten

    2009-01-01

    Electronic voting technology is a two edged sword. It comes with many risks but brings also many benefits. Instead of flat out rejecting the technology as uncontrollably dangerous, we advocate in this paper a different technological angle that renders electronic elections trustworthy beyond...... the usual levels of doubt. We exploit the trust that voters currently have into the democratic process and model our techniques around that observation accordingly. In particular, we propose a technique of trace emitting computations to record the individual steps of an electronic voting machine...... for a posteriori validation on an acceptably small trusted computing base. Our technology enables us to prove that an electronic elections preserves the voter’s intent, assuming that the voting machine and the trace verifier are independent....

  12. Political Identity Convergence: On Being Latino, Becoming a Democrat, and Getting Active

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonie Huddy

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The majority of Latinos in the United States identify with the Democratic Party, a tendency with broad political implications as Latinos become an increasingly large segment of the population. Little research, however, has delved into the origins of this preference. In this research, we contrast two explanations for Latinos’ Democratic proclivities: an instrumental explanation grounded in ideological policy preferences and an expressive identity account based on the defense of Latino identity and status. In analysis of data from two large national datasets, the 2012 Latino Immigrant National Election Study and American National Election Study focused on Latino immigrants and citizens respectively, we find strong support for the expressive identity explanation. Hispanic and partisan identities have converged among Latinos in the United States to create a large number of Latino Democrats regardless of citizenship status. Those who identify strongly as Latinos and see pervasive discrimination against Latinos are the strongest Democrats, a process that further intensified over the course of the 2012 election. A strong partisan preference increased political campaign activity, though this activity level was modest overall. Relatively few Latinos had worked on a campaign or given money to a candidate; somewhat larger numbers had tried to convince others about a candidate or worn a button or displayed a sticker. Finally, some support was evident for an instrumental account. Latino support for government-provided health insurance in 2012 consistently increased support for the Democratic Party.

  13. The Evolution of the U.S. Position toward Democratic Development of Ukraine (2000-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya Korniyenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article the author describes and analyzes the evolution of the US position on democratic development in Ukraine at the time of George W. Bush presidency (2000-2008. Four election campaigns in Ukraine have been examined, three of them for the parliament – Verkhovna Rada (2002, 2006, 2007 and one – for Presidency (2004. There is a try to determine the main features of the US position towards each of these Ukrainian election campaigns as the indicator of the development of democracy. According to the results of research we can say that, in accordance with American side opinion, the US assessment to the democratic process in Ukraine has changed during the 2000-2008. Parliamentary elections in 2002 were classified as ones in which international standards have been partially respected. The Orange revolution of 2004 was the key point, which caused the democratic changes in the electoral processes and the development of the democracy in Ukraine, in general. Parliamentary elections in 2006 and 2007 were named as examples of democracy development in Ukraine. Much of the responsibility for the deployment of the democratic process in Ukraine has been given to the current government, especially to the president of Ukraine.

  14. Democratização da governança global: perspectivas históricas mundiais Democratizing global governance: world historical perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Chase-Dunn

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina a controversa noção de democracia global. O texto apresenta uma perspectiva histórica mundial da evolução da governança global - como a estrutura política do sistema-mundo evoluiu ao longo dos últimos séculos - e analisa movimentos sociais contemporâneos que buscam democratizar as instituições de governança global. Argumenta-se que os que desejam democratizar a governança global devem assumir o repto de ajudar a promover a construção de um estado mundial globalmente multilateral para fazer frente aos desafios que se colocarão à humanidade no século 21. Movimentos sociais transnacionais e estados nacionais semiperiféricos progressistas são vistos como os agentes que irão desafiar os poderes constituídos e conduzir a humanidade rumo a uma comunidade global democrática e coletivamente racional nas próximas décadas.This article examines the contested idea of global democracy. It presents a world historical view of the evolution of global governance - how the political structure of the world-system has evolved of over the past several centuries - and it examines contemporary social movements that are seeking to democratize global governance institutions. It is argued that those who want to democratize global governance must take up the problem of helping to further construct a global multilateral world state in order that the challenges that humanity has created for itself may be met in a collectively rational, sustainable and humane manner in the 21st century. Transnational social movements and progressive semiperipheral national-states are seen as the agents that will challenge the powers that be and move humanity closer to a democratic and collectively rational global commonwealth in the next several decades.

  15. 完善我国基层人大民主选举的对策构想%Countermeasures idea of the Perfection of the Grassroots People's Congresses of Democratic Elections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱融峰

    2014-01-01

    National People's Congress of China's grassroots democratic election system after 60 years of development, much has been achieved, but there are many problems. To solve these problems, you need to set up independent electoral organization, division rules reform constituency; improve the existing representative nomination, determined way moderate to introduce competition, improve election monitoring safeguards.%我国的基层人大民主选举制度经过了六十多年的发展,取得了很多成就,但也存在很多问题。针对这些问题,需要成立相对独立的选举组织机构;改革选区划分规则;完善现行代表候选人提名、确定办法;适度引入竞争机制;完善选举监督保障机制。

  16. No alternative for Swedish teachers? The recontextualisation of discourses of teacher professionalism in Social Democrat-Green Party coalition policy

    OpenAIRE

    Milner, Alison

    2015-01-01

    Sweden is faced with a teacher recruitment and retention crisis. In an attempt to attract more to the profession, the newly elected Social Democrat-Green Party coalition claims to promote an alternative discourse of teacher professionalism to that of its centre-right predecessor. Yet, government policy is formulated within the wider context of cultural and economic globalization and, as a minority government, the red-green coalition must gain the consent of the opposition to implement policy,...

  17. 5 CFR 891.201 - Election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... election. (c) Each retired employee who elects to receive a Government contribution toward the cost of a... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS Election and Change of Election § 891.201 Election. (a) The original period for election by each eligible retired employee was during the months of March and April 1961...

  18. Political budget cycles and election outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, Jeroen; de Haan, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses two empirical questions. Is fiscal policy affected by upcoming elections? If so, do election-motivated fiscal policies enhance the probability of re-election of the incumbent? Employing data for 65 democratic countries over 1975-2005 in a semi-pooled panel model, we find that in

  19. Political budget cycles and election outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, J.G.; Haan, de J.

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses two empirical questions. Is fiscal policy affected by upcoming elections? If so, do election-motivated fiscal policies enhance the probability of re-election of the incumbent? Employing data for 65 democratic countries over 1975–2005 in a semi-pooled panel model, we find that in

  20. The Paraguayan democratization process: advances and opposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel UHARTE POZAS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the new conceptions of democracy in Latin America, this work attempts to evaluate the democratization process that is taking place in Paraguay, as a consequence of the historical defeat suffered by the Colorado Party in the presidential elections of 2008. The analysis identifies the reasons for the triumph of the heterogeneous coalition lead by ex-bishop Fernando Lugo and evaluates three aspects of the process: political democratization, social democratization and mass participation.

  1. Local forms of governance in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torfing, Jacob

    2010-01-01

    The proliferation of local forms of governance problematizes the well-established and highly normative idea that power and democracy in Denmark are organized in terms of a 'parliamentary chain of government', according to which the sovereign people elect the parliament, which in turn controls...... the government that governs the public administration through bureaucratic control. Consecutive waves of devolution have decentralized the Danish welfare state, and the power of local governments is now being challenged by the emergence of new forms of local governance that involve a plethora of private...... of representative democracy. The supplement is taking its revenge as the interactive policy arenas are expanding and the role of elected politicians is being transformed from sovereign rulers to meta-governors. This development poses important challenges to the demand for effective and democratic governing...

  2. Peoples Democratic Party in the Fourth Republic of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliyu Mukhtar Katsina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Their nature and functions make political parties central to democratic governance especially in the new democracies of Africa that face the challenge of building strong and enduring democratic institutions. It is accepted that the existing trend in most of these democracies of one big party dominating the political space weakens democracy and undermines its prospects for consolidation. Big parties—usually the ruling ones—exhibit tendencies such as absence of internal democracy that are antithetical to democratic governance. While observations such as these are incontestable, there is little understanding into the nature, character, ideology, and internal structure of big parties generally. In this article, I attempt to address this concern. Specifically, I examine the nature, structure, and ideology of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP, Nigeria’s ruling party at the federal level with considerable strength at local level between 1999 and 2015. Relying on data obtained from multiple sources, I investigate the process of its formation, the nature of its ideology, internal organization, its electoral strength, and how absence of internal democracy contributed significantly to its defeat in 2015 general elections.

  3. Governança global democrática, desigualdade política e a hipótese da resistência nacionalista Democratic global governance, political inequality, and the nationalist retrenchment hypothesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Será a governança global inevitável? Será possível uma governança global democrática? Aponto dois obstáculos para a existência desta: a desigualdade política e a resistência nacionalista. Enquanto a governança global já existe, uma governança global democrática é refreada por desigualdades políticas internas e entre nações. Neste contexto, a resistência nacionalista, refreamento e desvio em direção ao unilateralismo, através da qual as nações evadem-se às estratégias de governança global, também se apresenta como um desafio ao desenvolvimento democrático de instituições deste cunho. Este artigo pretende dar continuidade ao diálogo entre sociólogos e outros cientistas sociais sobre a esperança otimista pela governança global.Is global governance inevitable? Is democratic global governance likely? I point out two obstacles that lie in the path toward democratic global governance: political inequality and nationalist retrenchment. While global governance is already here, democratic global governance is held back by political inequality within and between nations. In this context, nationalist retrenchment, a stop and back-slide toward unilaterialism where nations eschew global governance strategies, also poses a challenge to the democratic development of global governance institutions. This article serves to continue the conversation among sociologists and other social scientists on the optimistic hopes for democratic global governance.

  4. Constitutional Democracy and Caretaker Committee in Nigeria Local Government System: An Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jude C Okafor

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The 1976 Local Government Reform among other landmark changes unified the local government system in Nigeria, and the 1979 constitution made local governments the third tier of government and provided for a system of local government by democratically elected councils. More recently, elected local government councils have been dissolved and replaced with Transition Committees or Caretaker Committees appointed by the Governors’ of their respective states. This paper therefore, examines the impact of the caretaker committees in Nigerian Local Government on the practice of constitutional democracy. The discussion is framed by the theoretical perspectives and Nigerian literature on local government and constitutional democracy, and by the recent phenomenal wave of dissolving elected local government councils and subsequent replacement with caretaker committees. Contrary to popular belief, that local government as the third tier of government has failed to achieve the objective for which it was created, this paper observes that party politics has been the bane of Nigerian local government since its inception, and that democratically elected local councils with political and financial autonomy are the major conditions for an effective and efficient multi-purpose local government system in Nigeria.

  5. INSTITUTIONAL COMMUNICATION IN THE ELECTORAL DEBATES BETWEEN CANDIDATES TO THE PRESIDENCY OF THE GOVERNMENT OF SPAIN IN THE GENERAL ELECTIONS (2008 AND 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Gallego Reguera

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Academy of Sciences and the Arts of Spanish Television, as Institution that represents the professionals of the audiovisual sector, was in charge of organizing, producing, issuing and communicating the electoral debates between the candidates for the Presidency of the Government in Spain in the Elections General held in 2008 and 2011. This article describes and analyzes the institutional communication policy of these major political events and the consequent national and international repercussions.

  6. Mobilization Potential and Democratization Processes of the Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (Bersih in Malaysia: An Interview With Hishamuddin Rais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Hooi Khoo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, protests and popular mobilization have become pronounced elements in Malaysian politics. Bersih (clean demonstrations are notably the most outstanding protest events in Malaysian history. Bersih is a group of 89 non-governmental organizations (NGOs pushing for a thorough reform of the electoral process in Malaysia through rallies and demonstrations. Five opposition parties initiated the idea of Bersih in 2005 and included several NGOs in the ‘project’ later on. After the first Bersih street protests in November 2007 (Bersih 1.0, the political parties and the NGOs reached the ‘compromise pact’ that led to the formation of Bersih 2.0 in 2010 as a non-partisan movement free from any political interference. This interview explores the linkages to the broader democratization process in Malaysia from the perspective of Hishamuddin Rais (Isham, a prominent grassroots activist. Isham spent 20 years in political exile after the Baling student protest of 1974. He became active again in 1998 after the ouster of then Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim, the current leader of the opposition coalition. Isham was a member of the Bersih Steering Committee for two years until he stepped down in 2012.

  7. Election Districts and Precincts, Published in 2003, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, White County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of...

  8. Election Districts and Precincts, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, WABASH COUNTY GOVERNMENT.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. Data by...

  9. Election Districts and Precincts, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Columbus Consolidated Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2010. Data by...

  10. Results of democratic transition through the eyes of citizens of Serbia in 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golubović Zagorka

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2005 The Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory has undertaken a reputed interview (after the one done in 2001/2002, whose results have been published in Politika i svakodnevni život, 2003, based on identical methodology (in-depth interview and qualitative analysis but on a reduced sample (30 interviewees in six towns in Serbia. The objective was to examine how citizens see the circumstances in society today, five years after the October turn, and what conditions their attitudes towards: the policy of new democratic powers, of democratic parties and those of the ex-regime, as well as towards the problems they are confronted with, and whether the initial optimism has gone and why. The results obtained by this interview show that after five years of experience with democratic transition the interviewees are more critical regarding the actual democratic policy (especially of the second democratic Government, and more likely to forget the reasons created by the former regime as obstacles to a successful democratic transition. For this reason, disappointment has grown, and an initial optimism gives its place to pessimism, with vanishing of the hope in the possibility of radical democratic change. This makes it possible to give a chance to the Radical Party in a future election. But, in spite of current confusion among citizens produced by the examined state of affairs, as well as the ambiguities in certain attitudes, this inquiry suggests that the interviewees have provided a quite realistic evaluation of the actual conditions in Serbian society today, and that their criticism, which arises from disappointment, does not completely cancel a positive attitude towards democratic transition, since their criticism results from dissatisfaction with the unrealized democratic principles and values after October 5th.

  11. Making International Organizations More Democratic

    OpenAIRE

    Frey, Bruno S.; Alois Stutzer

    2017-01-01

    World governance today is characterized by international organizations lacking democratic legitimacy and control by the citizens they claim to represent. They are also criticized for being inefficient. This leads to violent protests and to NGOs having great influence. To address these problems, we propose international governance based on the democratic idea of citizen participation: All citizens of the member countries of international organizations have the potential right to participate in...

  12. The Role of Romanian NGOs in Democratization Process of the SOCIETY After 1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marton BALOGH

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper strives to critically discuss the role that NGOs1 played in the democratization process of the Romanian society after the changes from 1990. In the transition process from a dictatorial system to a democratic one, NGOs functioning is absolutely necessary. There is a variety of ways in which the civil society can contribute to the democratization of a country. To some, the very proliferation of civil society organizations - no matter what their type, agenda, or influence are - builds the infrastructure of democracy, because according to the supporters of this view an active associational life is a precursor of democracy. The right to free elections, the freedoms of speech, and citizen’s participation to governance (including free access to public interest information are only few aspects whose evolution is worth studying in this paper. Also, the existence of a strong NGO sector provides a great opportunity in a society, mainly because its involvement in community development is thought to build skills and foster democratic values and attitudes in individuals that will eventually spread to the broader society. They also enhance the prospects for democratization because they foster associational life, empower individuals, and provide them with the skills and attitudes that are useful for democratization.

  13. Homegrown Democracy, Homegrown Democrats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norman K. Denzin

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Written on the eve of the 2004 American presidential election, this political narrative offers a critical reading of two models of democracy: Instant-Mix imperial democracy (bring to a boil, add oil, then bomb, criticized by Arundhati Roy, and Garrison Keillor’s Homegrown Democrat. Keillor’s pastoral view of democracy is anchored in LakeWobegon, his imaginary utopian community. His homegrown democracy is narrow, provincial, and White. The author concludes that he must look elsewhere for his alternative view of democracy.

  14. The brand equity of the Lib Dems in the 2010 \\ud general election: A national and local perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, G; Spotswood, F.

    2013-01-01

    This paper considers the Liberal Democrat party as a brand, using appropriate branding concepts to analyse the fortunes of the party during the 2010 General Election. It explains Nick Clegg as a key influence on the brand’s image nationally (the party leader as national brand spokesperson) and how the national image was moderated by Jeremy Browne (the focal constituency candidate and local brand spokesperson). The analysis then considers the effect of the subsequent Coalition Government (with...

  15. Kırgızistan’da Demokratik Yerinden Yönetim: Reform Uygulamaları ve Sorunlar(Democratic Decentralization In The Kyrgyz Republic: Local Government Reform And Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süreyya SAKINÇ

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The Law “On Local Government in the Kyrgyz Republic” which was adopted after independency of the Kyrgyz Republic. The Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic adopted in 1993 established local government as one of the components of the government power and identified that the local government in the Kyrgyz Republic is based on the principle of division of powers between the state administrations and local governments. In the first stage (1994-2001 Bishkek city was transferred to local government principles; towns of raion and Oblast subordination. The second stage of the reform is still going on. The weakness of the reform is the fiscal relations and economic base of the local governments. The positive feature of the reform is the introduction of the principles of electiveness of heads of local governments.

  16. Election Districts and Precincts, Wards serve as administrative subunits that are aggregated into election districts of equal population., Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Manitowoc County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Election Districts and Precincts dataset current as of 2013. Wards serve as administrative subunits that are aggregated into election districts of equal population..

  17. 关于高校依法治校与民主治理运行机制建设的思考%Thinking About Governing Schools by Law and Democratic Management Mechanism Construction of the University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹留成

    2015-01-01

    当民主和法治已成为社会治理的核心要义之时,大学治理不可置身于二者之外。健全和完善依法治校与民主管理的运行机制,有助于激发相关利益者为大学发展提供资源的动力。但是,在大学的内部治理中,法治和民主的推进动力仍显不足,依法治校与民主治理的运行机制并没有得到有效地整合。大学只有深入贯彻“依法治校”“民主治理”核心理念,才能促进自身科学地发展,别无他途。%When democracy and the rule of law have become the core of social governance ,university governance should not be exposed to the two outsides .Perfecting the running system of governance and democratic management according to law helps to stimulate the related interest gainer to provide resources power for the development of university .In the University's internal governance ,however ,propulsion power of the democracy and the rule of law is still insufficient ,and the operation sys‐tem of governance and democratic governance according to law has not been effectively integrated .It is necessary for universi‐ties to thoroughly implement the core idea of governing by law ,democratic management and to promote the development of itself .

  18. Democracy and Elections in Africa: Critical Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wondwosen Teshome

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to assess the democratization process in Africa in general and the multi-party elections in particular. The decolonization process in Africa (1960s and 1970s, which was known as the “first liberation” completed by the emergence of many, new independent African countries. In most of the newly liberated countries the political parties that led the anti-colonial struggle established one-party domination after independence. The rapid democratization process (“second liberation” in Africa began in the first half of the 1990s, particularly with Benin’s multiparty election in 1991. In this period, multi-party elections had taken place in most of African countries. These transitions led to “limited” democracies, characterized by a lack of liberal freedoms, low levels of popular involvement (except at election times, narrow range of civil liberties and the concentration of political power in the hands of small elite groups. Holding an election is a milestone, but it is not the key to Africa’s democratic legitimacy. Many elections in the African region have failed to meet the internationally accepted standards for free and fair elections. Though Africa’s record on free and fair elections is mixed, at present, most of Africans have embraced elections as indispensable mechanism for determining their future course.

  19. From Islamist to Muslim Democrat: The Present Phenomenon of Muslim Politics in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MOHD IZANI MOHD ZAIN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Muslim political rivalry in democracy has triggered the birth of two groups; Islamist and Muslim Democrat. The two groups are competing by using a different approach in getting the support of the people. The Islamist group is championing its Islamic State agenda and the implementation of Shari`a as a political ambition within the framework of democracy while the Muslim Democrat recognises democracy and freedom as the basis of their struggle. Due to a greater development in democracy and a more open political rivalry, the Islamist group that was initially strongly backed by their rigid ideology and approach, has decided to change for a more moderate approach. This can be seen through their political strategy that emphasises on universal issues such as democracy, justice and good governance without rhetorical expressions of Islam and Shari`a. This change from Islamist to that of Muslim Democrat is an exciting development for it shows the transition path and direction of Muslim politics in Malaysia. This paper examines the latest development of the Islamist group, i.e. PAS in political rivalry in Malaysia, particularly in the recent General Election in 2013. This article reveals that due to the changing political landscape and democratization, the Islamist has pragmatically moderated their stance to gain more supports and it has embarked on a new landscape for Muslim political rivalry in Malaysia. Although PAS’s new approach to transform its approach to be more open and democratic is still questionable, this study believes that the participation of the party in democracy is no longer just for the sake of election, on the other hand it should recognise democracy as a political culture that emphasizes justice, freedom and good governance.

  20. The Political Economy of Sovereign Borrowing: Explaining the Policy Choices of Highly Indebted Governments

    OpenAIRE

    Stephen B. Kaplan; Kaj Thomsson

    2014-01-01

    In newly democratized and developing countries, political economy theory expects politicians to use budget defcits to engineer an election-timed boom, known as the political business cycle. In this paper, we challenge this view by incorporating the Önancial constraints faced by government into an electoral political framework. Debtor governments must often borrow from foreign creditors to fund their domestic spending. Employing a formal model, we show theoretically that the extent of ownershi...

  1. Democratic elections in a global context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Tlakula

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Oral paper delivered at a colloquium on The Effect of Globalisation on the Development of Constitutionalism in Southern Africa, held on 26 October 2007 in Potchefstroom under the auspices of the Faculty of Law, North-West University, Potchefstroom and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation.

  2. Forecasting Stability or Retreat in Emerging Democratic Regimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snigdha Dewal

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on the literatures on elite transitions, factionalism and the new institutionalism, this paper hypothesizes that the stability of partially democratic and emerging democratic regimes is dependent on the willingness of elites to make credible commitments to cooperate and comply with democratic rules. That willingness (or lack thereof can be signaled by the presence of cooperative or conflict-precipitating events and actions in the periods around elections. We identify and analyze a variety of intra-elite interactions and demonstrate that conflict-precipitating events significantly increase the odds of a democratic retreat in the months before or just after an election, while cooperative events can balance them and prevent retreat. Using event data collected from 40 low- and middle-income countries for two-year periods around national elections between 1991 and 2007 we show that the imbalance of conflict-precipitating over cooperative events is far greater in cases of retreat from democracy. Furthermore, international intervention and pressure had a negative relationship with democratic stability. A logistic regression model accurately identified democratic retreat in 79 percent of the cases examined. Factor analysis revealed several common patterns of intra-elite conflict that can lead to democratic retreat, or conversely, patterns of cooperative events that bolster democratic consolidation. Finally, the data strongly argues for a model of democratic development that depends on open-ended elite maneuvering and the emergence of elite agreements, rather than a model where strong prior institutional constraints determine elite actions.

  3. Forecasting Stability or Retreat in Emerging Democratic Regimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snigdha Dewal

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on the literatures on elite transitions, factionalism and the new institutionalism, this paper hypothesizes that the stability of partially democratic and emerging democratic regimes is dependent on the willingness of elites to make credible commitments to cooperate and comply with democratic rules. That willingness (or lack thereof can be signaled by the presence of cooperative or conflict-precipitating events and actions in the periods around elections. We identify and analyze a variety of intra-elite interactions and demonstrate that conflict-precipitating events significantly increase the odds of a democratic retreat in the months before or just after an election, while cooperative events can balance them and prevent retreat. Using event data collected from 40 low- and middle-income countries for two-year periods around national elections between 1991 and 2007 we show that the imbalance of conflict-precipitating over cooperative events is far greater in cases of retreat from democracy. Furthermore, international intervention and pressure had a negative relationship with democratic stability. A logistic regression model accurately identified democratic retreat in 79 percent of the cases examined. Factor analysis revealed several common patterns of intra-elite conflict that can lead to democratic retreat, or conversely, patterns of cooperative events that bolster democratic consolidation. Finally, the data strongly argues for a model of democratic development that depends on open-ended elite maneuvering and the emergence of elite agreements, rather than a model where strong prior institutional constraints determine elite actions.

  4. Legitimacy Crisis and Elite Conspiracy in Local Government Administration in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Akpomera

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Nigeria, the world’s most populous black nation, faces a major crisis in its federal structure and democratic experience. Despite the allusion to democratic governance of the country, the political class, especially elected state governors, and the bureaucratic elite have turned autocratic, refusing to obey the Constitution which demands compulsory elections into the local government administration, siphoning the statutory allocation to the councils from the Federation Account, generating instability in the polity, and arresting the socioeconomic development at the grassroots. This paper puts in perspective the legitimacy crisis and elite conspiracy in the local government council administration, which has spread rural poverty and discontentment among the citizenry, and recommends concrete steps to arrest the calamitous drift.

  5. Elections, Protest, and Alternation of Power

    CERN Document Server

    Little, Andrew T; LaGatta, Tom

    2013-01-01

    Despite many examples to the contrary, most models of elections assume that rules determining the winner will be followed. We present a model where elections are solely a public signal of the incumbent popularity, and citizens can protests against leaders that do not step down from power. In this minimal setup, rule-based alternation of power as well as "semi-democratic" alternation of power independent of electoral rules can both arise in equilibrium. Compliance with electoral rules requires there to be multiple equilibria in the protest game, where the electoral rule serves as a focal point spurring protest against losers that do not step down voluntarily. Such multiplicity is possible when elections are informative and citizens not too polarized. Extensions to the model are consistent with the facts that protests often center around accusations of electoral fraud and that in the democratic case turnover is peaceful while semi-democratic turnover often requires citizens to actually take to the streets.

  6. Democratically Binding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Goodin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The 'democracy unbound' project aspires to extend democracy in two dimensions: range and scope. The former would give a wider range of people the vote. The latter would give people a wider scope of things to vote on. In practice, no doubt there is room to do much more of both. But whereas it would be democratically justifiable in an ideal world for democracy to be completely unbounded as regards range, even in an ideal world democracy ought be subject to some limits internal to the logic of democracy itself as regards its scope. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1837428

  7. 欧美在中东民主治理上的分歧与合作%The Disparity and Cooperation in European Union and the US's Democratic Governance in the Middle East

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钮松

    2009-01-01

    欧美在中东展开的民主治理是各自全球治理的重要组成部分,双方成为在中东实施民主治理的两个最大国际行为体,尽管它们对民主的侧重点、伊斯兰与民主关系、中东战略地位以及中东民主化的主导权等方面虽有不同认知,但对民主和中东民主的必要性与有效性存在相同认知,深究其因,双方中东民主治理的差异源于欧美所处的历史阶段、发展起点与路径以及利益攸关地区的根本不同.只有打破将西方视作铁板一块的旧有观念,才能对中东与欧美在民主等问题上的关系产生更理性的认识.%The democratic governance implemented by European Union and America separately is one of the important parts of their global governance. EU and America are the two biggest international actors of democratic governance in the Middle East, and they have different understanding about the focus of democracy, Islam- democracy relation, Middle East's strategic position and the leadership of Middle East's democratization, while they have the same perspective in the necessity and usefulness of democracy. The disparity and cooperation of European Union's and America's democratic governance in the Middle East result in the differences of historical phase, state's evolution starting point, route and backyard. Only breaking the concept of "west", can we acquire rational recognitions about Middle East-EU/ America relation on democracy.

  8. Local Election Campaign in Social Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bock Segaard, Signe; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe

    In this paper we focus on the usage of social media in political election campaigns. These new arenas have become increasingly important for democratic purposes, such as opinion sharing and discussions between candidates and voters. But there is a lack of research on how social media is used...... in local election campaigns. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the use of social media as it was intended to be central arenas for local election campaigns in Norwegian municipalities. For that purpose we first develop a model of political communication in social media that conceptualise...... candidates, content registration of local blogs, and log file data of local blogs through Google Analytics). In contrast to the democratic vision for social media the analysis demonstrates that the election blogs primarily are used by those who are most politically active in advance. The analysis also shows...

  9. Constitutional Law--Elective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Joan; Wood, Robert J.

    The elective unit on Constitutional Law is intended for 11th and 12th grade students. The unit is designed around major course goals which are to develop those concepts whereby students recognize and understand the following three topic areas: 1) Role of the Federal Judicial Branch of Government, 2) Supreme Court Cases Involving the Three Branches…

  10. 如何理解国家治理现代化*--以民主行政理论为中心%How to Understand the Modernization of State Governance:A Study of Democratic Administration Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金东日; 石绍成

    2015-01-01

    The come into being of modern state is accompanied by two important historical processes,namely the establish-ment of responsible government and the separation of administration from politics.The study of democratic ad-ministration theory,which comes from public administration,may help reveal the logic of state -building.The evolution of democratic administration theory suggests that,decentralization is always the goal of democratic ad-ministration at the operational level,and which led to the fragmentation of accountability consequently.Both of them constitute the basic task of the state -building,and the modernization of state governance needs to follow this logic.Public administration dedicates to the exploration of certainty,and the same to democratic adminis-tration.This helps to update the connotation of democracy:it is a valuable knowledge to solve public problems of human being.%现代国家的产生伴随着两个重要的历史进程,即行政从政治中分离与责任制政府的建立。对脱胎于行政学的民主行政理论进行梳理,有利于揭示现代国家建设的逻辑。民主行政理论的演进过程表明,分权始终是它在操作层面所追求的目标,而分权导致了问责的碎片化。这两者构成了现代国家建设的基本任务,国家治理现代化需要遵循这种逻辑。行政理论致力于确定性的探索,民主行政亦然。这有助于更新民主的内涵:它是人类解决公共问题的宝贵知识。

  11. India's General Election and the Policy Directions of the New Government%印度大选与新政府的政策走向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈继东

    2014-01-01

    India's 2014 general election will be an epoch-making event in Indian history by initiating a completely new political situation in the country.The BJP headed by Modi won an overwhelming victory as a governing party,the greatest victory since its birth,thus terminating the over-20-year long coalition government in India.The BJP's success lies both in its well developed campaigning programs and strategies,and in the failure of the Congress Party and the internal strife plaguing the other political parties.Meanwhile,the mentality to seek change among Indian voters has played a key role.The policy directions of the new government headed by Modi will be vital to India's future,and surely will draw attention from all over the world.%2014年的大选将以开启政党政治新局面而载入当代印度政治史。莫迪为首的印度人民党( BJP)获得单独执政的压倒性胜利,这既是该党自成立以来前所未有的强势,也扭转了印度政党政治延续20多年的“联合执政”局面。印度人民党获胜既得益于其体现民众诉求的竞选纲领和巧妙的选举策略,也因为国大党的“一败涂地”和其他政党集团的“勾心斗角”,而印度广大选民的“求变”心态则是关键所在。莫迪就任后,新政府政策走向事关印度未来发展,引人注目。

  12. What about the superfluous half? (Israeli elections)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinhart, T.

    1999-01-01

    In the US, fifty percent of the citizens do not take part in the elections -an outcome of a long tradition of two candidates, identical in deeds though different in style. Both represent the same "market forces" but the Democrats have more respect to the liberal values of the west: the legal sy

  13. How democratic innovations realise democratic goods. Two case studies of area committees in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mattijssen, T.; Behagel, J.H.; Buijs, A.E.

    2015-01-01

    Participatory planning is becoming increasingly integral to governance. Numerous planning innovations are developed which aim to increase democratic legitimacy and improve decision making. This paper critically reflects on a typical Dutch innovation: the area committee. Based on two individual case

  14. Introduction of the Election Cycle Model: The Case of the Czech Republic 2006–2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otto Eibl

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze how political marketing was used and applied in the 2006 electoral campaign and how marketing influenced and changed party behaviour (even after the elections. Political marketing can be described as the use of marketing concepts and methods in politics. It allows us to analyze political parties from a new and different perspective. We focus mainly on the relevant political actors (who were successful in entering Parliament, with special attention to the campaign of the Social Democrats (ČSSD. The objectives of this paper are to analyze the electoral process as a changing and evolving activity and to answer the following questions: How did the party formulate its strategy and how did it use political communication? Second, how was the campaign organized? Third, what attitude do Czech political parties hold towards campaigning and elections and what changes may be expected in this area? Methodologically, we will approach the topic by introducing the Election Cycle Model. This is a heuristic model which examines elections, campaigning and governing as mutually influenced processes. We are aware that the model was tailor-made for the 2006 Czech Elections but it still offers a very solid framework for further analysis of party behaviour.

  15. Local Election Campaign in Social Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bock Segaard, Signe; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe

    in local election campaigns. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the use of social media as it was intended to be central arenas for local election campaigns in Norwegian municipalities. For that purpose we first develop a model of political communication in social media that conceptualise......In this paper we focus on the usage of social media in political election campaigns. These new arenas have become increasingly important for democratic purposes, such as opinion sharing and discussions between candidates and voters. But there is a lack of research on how social media is used...... the horizontal and vertical conversation along three dimensions: participants, interaction and the level of nuance. Secondly, we use the model in an empirical study of the use of election blogs in the Norwegian local elections of 2011. We base the study on several different data sources (survey to political...

  16. Election Districts and Precincts, St. Mary's County Voting Precincts, Published in 2007, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, St Mary's County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2007. It is...

  17. Governability in Contemporary Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Curzio Gutiérrez

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Given the difficulties to establish a concept of governability and the frequent ideological usage of the term, it is much more operative to turn to the principle of governability, in the broad sense, which supports itself on five pillars: the political legitimacy of the government, the governmental efficiency to attend to the demands of society, the existence of shared social project, the agreement with the principle special interest groups, and international viability. The analysis of the structure and relevance of these five points during the long period of political transition that Mexico underwent between 1988 and 1997 shows how it was possible for this country to play off certain factors against each other in order to secure governability and safeguard against the consequences of any resultant imbalances. Between 1998-1993, the government of Salinas de Gotari based itself on the viability of a neoliberal project within an international context, and on this projectís attention to domestic demands as well as on the governmentís pact with elites. Institutional integration and legitimacy made up, then, for a process of discreet liberalization and the lack of democratic electoral commitment, which culminated in the PRI’s 1994 elections victory.The assassination of Colosia, though, and the appearance of the EZLN and the subsequent crisis surrounding the peso’s devaluation that accompanied Ernesto Zedilloís rise to power soon led to the collapse of those pillars of support. Crowning the process of the silenttransition were the elections of 1997, which makes it possible to say that in Mexico today there are now smooth elections, but that reform of the State is still unresolved —a subject that includes the reduction of the president’s competence. Seen in the short term, the most direct threats to Mexico’s governability will come as a result of the lack of attention to those demands of society’s underprivileged and the ill

  18. Bottoms up: How subnational elections predict parties’ decisions to run in presidential elections in Europe and Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jae-Jae Spoon

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Do parties’ experiences in subnational elections predict when parties enter national competition and compete for the presidency? Building upon the party nationalization literature, we argue that a party’s presence in elections across subnational units and its subsequent performance in these elections are determining factors for whether it enters the presidential race. To conduct our analysis, we have assembled an original dataset on parties’ presence and performance in subnational elections and presidential entry in 17 countries in Europe and Latin America from 1990 to 2013. We find that a party’s presence and performance in subnational elections are significant predictors of its decision to run for president, even when the party ran in the previous election and when the elections are concurrent. These findings have important implications for understanding how subnational elections relate to national party systems and democratic representation, more generally.

  19. 22 CFR 1422.17 - Election procedure; request for authorized representation election observers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... representation election observers. 1422.17 Section 1422.17 Foreign Relations FOREIGN SERVICE LABOR RELATIONS...; request for authorized representation election observers. This section governs all elections conducted... among the employees in the unit. (f) Any party may be represented at the polling place(s) by...

  20. Democratic consolidation in sub-Saharan Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Pérez González

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The contributions made by theory on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe are also pertinent to analysis of processes of democratization and democratic consolidation in other areas, such as sub-Saharan Africa. The parameters of analysis highlight the importance of a strong state (organized, with legitimated institutions and a structured society (whether multiethnic or not as necessary conditions for democratization. On the assumption that the colonizing powers basically used two models –the French assimilationist model and the British indirect government model– the study of how these conditions were fulfilled in various sub-Saharan states leads to two conclusions: the first, the possibility of a process of democratization in those states where European (French colonization produced a total assimilation of the colonized society, including above all the colonizer’s political values; and the second, the possibility of processes of democratization in states produced by British colonization where the indigenous structures and those of the metropolis were superimposed, a phenomenon which allowed the application of democratic values by legitimated local institutions.

  1. Democratic Governance, Citizenship, and Legal Identity: Linking Theoretical Discussion and Operational Reality Title: Gobernabilidad democrática, ciudadanía e identidad legal: Vínculo entre la discusión teórica y la realidad operativa

    OpenAIRE

    Bettina Boekle-Giuffrida; Mia Elisabeth Harbitz

    2009-01-01

    This working paper explores the importance of legal identity from both a theoretical and operational point of view. The need to investigate and deepen the understanding of the implications of being sans papiers in relation to social exclusion and governance issues is highlighted. This paper argues that proof of an adequate and secure identity document is not only the base of a democratic society and obligation of all governments, but also a fundamental citizenship right.Abstract: Este documen...

  2. Upcoming Leadership Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPhaden, Mike

    2014-05-01

    AGU continues to evolve into a stronger, more innovative organization thanks to the dedication of volunteer leaders working in partnership with AGU staff. The Board and Council, which form the core of AGU's bicameral governance structure, provide guidance for the organization within the framework of its stakeholder-driven strategic plan. Members elected to Board and Council leadership positions are critically important to AGU's continued success.

  3. The Singapore general election 1997

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Jinshan; Elklit, Jørgen

    1999-01-01

    The parliamentary eklection in singapore in January 1997 is examined, as is the particular electoral system ('the party block vote') which is found to be a central element in the electoral strategy of the ruling party, PAP. the functioning of this rare electoral system is, however, only one eleme...... in explaining how PAP has been able to win comfortable majorities in the House. The analysis contributes to the understandi9ng of how a semi-democratic regime can stay in power. The political and electoral process in relation to the 1997 election is also analysed...

  4. Elections in the Muslim World, 1990-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Abdul Wahid A. Al-Zandani

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Aggregate data analysis of elections held between 1990 and 2002 in the Muslim world show that most of these elections belong to the non-democratic category and these elections were mostly non-competitive. Approximately, 98% of the Muslim world people do not enjoy full political liberty. About 96% of the people in the Muslim world enjoy the right to vote, but their votes hardly result in transfer of power. However, there are four countries in the Muslim world, Bangladesh, Iran, Malaysia and Mali, where elections are relatively free and fair.

  5. Policy design without democracy? Making democratic sense of transition management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, C.M.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the complex relationship between democracy and long-term policy design for sustainability. At one extreme, democracy can be framed as problematic for policy planning because of the myopia fostered by some democratic institutions, such as regular elections. Alternatively,

  6. Hillary: The Movie, The History Channel, and the Challenge of the Documentary for Democratic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoddard, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    Background/Context: In "Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission (2009)," the U.S. Supreme Court cleared the way for corporations to spend unlimited amounts of money to influence citizens' decisions about candidates and issues that will appear on election ballots. More important, however, for democratic educators, the ruling…

  7. Lessons from the experience of U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities: addressing the democratic deficit in global health governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lord, Janet E; Suozzi, David; Taylor, Allyn L

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews the contributions of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) to the progressive development of both international human rights law and global health law and governance. It provides a summary of the global situation of persons with disabilities and outlines the progressive development of international disability standards, noting the salience of the shift from a medical model of disability to a rights-based social model reflected in the CRPD. Thereafter, the article considers the Convention's structure and substantive content, and then analyzes in specific detail the particular contributions of the Convention to health and human rights law and global health governance. It concludes with an exploration of the potential implications of the CRPD's innovations for some of the most pressing issues in global health governance, including the Convention's contributions to the principle of participation in decision-making.

  8. BOOK REVIEW: Governing Cities in a Global Era: Urban Innovation, Competition and Democratic Reform (edited by Robin Hambleton and Jill Simone Gross

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter McKinlay

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Robin Hambleton and Jill Simone Gross have assembled a collection of papers which powerfully supports their argument that “those concerned with the future of cities, whether as academics or practitioners, should devote more time to instrumental learning from abroad.” Contributions range widely from the influence of globalisation and urbanisation, to the importance of understanding the unique impact of our own context; from innovation in the leading ‘world cities’ of the developed world, to the seemingly intractable problems of cities in the developing world; from celebrating the importance of a shift from government to governance, to contributions highlighting the potential of governance to undermine local democracy; and from the role of leadership to the dangers of persistent managerialism.

  9. Visual Data Mining in Indian Election System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. T. M. Kodinariya

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A good leaders or Government is the basic need to develop country. In India, who is largest democratic country in the world people are not fully involved in the selection process of Leaders. On an average there are 60-65% voting is done. For this purpose we have build the Data Warehouse that containing all the information related to election to increase awareness of voting. Using this we can findinteresting patterns that are extracted and represented using Visual Data mining to arrange awareness program. The approach is divided into 5 phases: I Data Preprocessing: II Data Warehouse Creation:III Task-Relevant Data Extraction; IV Data Mining and V Visualization. Generally, data collected from various cities of a state may be noisy, inconsistent and requires cleaning hence the database is preprocessed for missing values, normalization etc. in first phase. In Data Warehouse Creation phase, warehouse with vote as measure in fact and voter Gender, voter age, voter education, candidate, Religion, time, session, word as dimension. Word dimension has 4-level concept hierarchy of country, state, city, area/word id. Time dimension has concept hierarchy with year, Quarter, month, and date. Similarly, candidate has 2 level and Voter age, voter education, Religion, and session have level 1 concept hierarchy. In Last phase, results of data mining phase are represented using Visual Data mining techniques.

  10. Election Fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, Erich

    2012-01-01

    Kids learn by doing, which, experts agree, is the only real way to teach citizenship. This article presents election-year activities that stress action. These activities will show students what it means to be a good citizen. (Contains 6 online resources.)

  11. État de droit, qualité de la démocratie et gouvernance démocratique au Pérou Rule of Law, Democratic Values and Democratic Governance in Peru Gobierno De La Ley, Calidad De La Democracia Y Gobernabilidad Democrática En El Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Aragón Trelles

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article analyse la relation entre l’État de droit (rule of law, l’administration de la justice, la qualité démocratique et la gouvernance démocratique au Pérou. Ce thème est incontournable puisque la majorité des travaux contemporains en sciences politiques (qui débattent et évaluent la qualité des régimes démocratiques reconnaissent la prévalence du système juridique – effectivité, prévisibilité, équivalence pour tous, capacité d’imposer la justice – sur les trajectoires des régimes (O´Donnell 2004; Morlino y Diamond 2005; Levine y Molina 2007. La première section de ce travail aborde l’intérêt que présente une lecture politiste du développement du droit et des lois ainsi que de leur impact sur la société. La seconde section présente et questionne les diverses interprétations du concept de rule of lawdans les champs de la qualité de la démocratie et gouvernabilité démocratique. Cette section ouvre également la discussion sur les approches qui articulent État de droit et fonctionnement des régimes démocratiques. La troisième et dernière section dresse la situation juridique du Pérou contemporain.This article analyzes the relation between the rule of law, the administration of justice, democratic values and democratic governance in Peru.  This theme is unavoidable since most contemporary works in political science (discussing and evaluating the democratic principles of regimes acknowledge the prevailing role of the legal system – effectiveness, consistency, equal protection, capacity to enforce the law – on the trajectory of regimes (O’Donnell 2004; Morlino and Diamond 2005; Levine and Molina 2007.  The first section of the present work considers the merits of a political analysis of the development of law and laws from the standpoint of their impact on society.  The second section presents and interrogates diverse interpretations of the concept rule of law in the fields of

  12. Lost in diffusion? Democratic accountability in public-private partnerships

    OpenAIRE

    Willems, Tom

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: In academic literature and in the popular press complex forms of governance such as public-private partnerships (PPPs) are very often associated with democratic deficits due to a shortfall in accountability. Although this negative outlook on democratic accountability in PPPs is almost a self-evident truth, it remains insufficiently supported by empirical research.

  13. Romania and European elections, between indifference and hopes – May 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian-Cosmin Canae

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available European elections in Romania in 2014 is the third European experience after November 25, 2007, and is also the eighth cycle of free direct democratic European elections for the European Parliament which started in 1979. In Romania, the significance of the 2014 elections was related to the accentuation of national capacity at European level and the objective of presidential elections in November 2014, because the final results of the European elections participation and support of certain parties by the Romanian citizens wished to be used as a reference point for political scores in presidential elections.

  14. Deepening Democracy through Multipartyism: The Bumpy Road to Uganda’s 2011 Elections Vertiefung der Demokratie durch Parteienpluralismus: Der steinige Weg zu den Wahlen in Uganda 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabiti Makara

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The 2011 elections will be one of the several elections (and the second-ever multiparty election organized by the National Resistance Movement (NRM since it captured power in 1986. Despite the regular elections since the 1990s, the quality and outcomes of these elections have remained subjects of debate. Democracy has remained elusive in Uganda despite the re-introduction of multiparty politics. Incumbency advantages, manipulation and unconstitutional use of state resources and apparatuses, and removal of the constitutional term limits on the presidency have combined to hamper effective growth of multiparty politics and democracy in the country. The question is: Does electioneering necessarily produce democratic governance or does it simply create the conditions and norms necessary for institutionalization of democratic rule? In particular, does the existence of multiparty politics necessarily deepen democratic governance? This paper stresses that despite the return of multiparty politics in Uganda, neither has democracy been consolidated nor have elections acted as effective instruments for advancing democratization in the country. Wie schon mehrfach zuvor werden auch die Wahlen 2011 in Uganda vom regierenden National Resistance Movement (NRM organisiert werden, das im Jahr 1986 die Macht übernommen hat; es werden die zweiten Mehrparteienwahlen sein, die es in Uganda überhaupt gab. Auch wenn seit den 1990er Jahren regulär Wahlen durchgeführt worden sind, waren doch Ablauf und Ergebnisse dieser Wahlen Gegenstand von Diskussionen. Trotz der Wiedereinführung eines Mehrparteiensystems bleibt die Demokratie in Uganda ein schwer zu fassendes Phänomen. Infolge der Nutzung von Amtsvorteilen, Manipulationen, nichtverfassungsgemäßem Einsatz staatlicher Ressourcen und Einrichtungen sowie der Abschaffung der in der Verfassung vorgesehenen Begrenzung der Amtszeit des Präsidenten konnten sich Demokratie und Mehrparteiensystem im Land nicht

  15. Democratic contract law

    OpenAIRE

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will be that also for contract law a democratic basis is a necessary condition for legitimacy. A fully democratic basis may also be a sufficient condition for a legitimate and just contract law. However,...

  16. Presidential elections: centrality, context, and implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lima Junior Olavo Brasil de

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The author argues that the conjugation of certain democratic, socioeconomic and political factors has led to the "nationalization" of presidential elections in Brazil since 1960. The expansion of the electoral market resulting from urbanization and the growth of the electorate, together with the progressive removal of the obstacles to voting - due to income, gender, age, and education - has democratized the electoral process by diversifying the social structure of the electorate. Since then, the president's election has ceased to depend solely upon rural political forces and now involves multiple combinations of rural and urban political forces. Candidates can no longer count on specific social groups in order to guarantee their election, and need to widen their appeal. Based on the results of the direct presidential elections of 1960, 1989, 1994 and 1998, the author contends that the "nationalization" of the vote is part of the political integration of Brazilian society and that this, together with the social complexity of the electorate, means that the candidate's appeal and political stance need to be more wide-ranging in order to prevent potential conflicts from arising during the election campaign.

  17. Pre-electoral Coalitions, Party System and Electoral Geography: A Decade of General Elections in India (1999–2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyril Robin

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Between 1999 and 2009, since no single party was in a position to lead a majority in the Lok Sabha, pre-electoral coalitions have become the only option for parties to exercise executive power at the Centre. Looking at the trajectory of two pre-electoral coalitions over ten years, namely the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance and the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance, the paper attempts to contribute to the nascent research on pre-electoral coalitions. Much has been written on the importance of disproportionate electoral systems or the ideological distance between parties in the formation of governing coalitions. This paper explores the importance of different geographical bases of support in the composition and sustainability of Indian pre-electoral coalitions, election after election, and proposes preliminary elements for a dynamic theory of pre-electoral coalition formation.

  18. Registered nurses' perspectives on health care and the 2008 presidential election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buerhaus, Peter I; Ulrich, Beth; Donelan, Karen; DesRoches, Catherine

    2008-01-01

    As this historic presidential election draws near, what do RNs think of our nation's priorities? Which candidates do they think will be most effective in shaping our health care system and addressing the most pressing issues of our time? The results of this survey show that RNs do not identify overwhelmingly with one political ideology or party and, in fact, they closely resemble the public on these political dimensions. The data also show that RNs identify health care issues as the most important problem facing the nation. RNs who believe that it is the responsibility of the government to provide health insurance to those without it, have more confidence in the government to achieve this outcome, and are more likely to be Democrats than Republicans. The presidential election is expected to be highly contested and could be determined by a relatively small margin of votes and, thus, nurses should recognize their chances of influencing the outcome of the election. The data from this survey provide baseline information potentially useful to increasing the political influence of the nursing profession, informing other organizations about where they might align with nurses, and helping candidates and the political parties compete more effectively in seeking the support of roughly 3 million RN voters.

  19. Nominating Procedures in Democratic Polities

    OpenAIRE

    Kasapović, Mirjana

    2002-01-01

    One of the focuses of the study of political parties at the end of the 20th century has been the organizational structure and the relations within political parties, including the nominating procedures for the candidate selection for general elections. The manner in which parties fulfill their recruiting function and, eventually, the quality of the political and the governing elite in a “party” state directly depends on these procedures. Typologically, there are differences between the nomina...

  20. Trust in Internet Election

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Randi; Ronquillo, Lorena; Schürmann, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the Decryption and Counting Ceremony held in conjunction with the internet voting trial on election day in the Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development of Norway in 2013. We examine the organizers' ambition of making the decryption and counting of electronic votes...... public in order to sustain trust in internet voting. We introduce a pragmatic approach to trust that emphasises the inseparability of truth from witnessing it. Based on this and on a description of how the event was made observable and how the complexities in the counting process were disclosed, we...... discuss what we term economy of truth from the perspective of the IT community involved in the ceremony. We claim that broadening the economy of truth by including more explicitly social and political perspectives in the ceremony, and in internet elections in general, and how witnessing is brought about...

  1. Party Identification and Negative Advertising in a U.S. Senate Election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemert, James B.; Wanta, Wayne; Lee, Tien-Tsung

    1999-01-01

    Examines turnout of registered voters in a special vote-by-mail U.S. Senate election in which the Democratic candidate (Ron Wyden) pledged to stop using attack ads, and the Republican candidate (Gordon Smith) did not. Finds that only Republicans' participation fell, while Republicans, Independents, and Democrats who felt Wyden had lived up to his…

  2. Statistical detection of systematic election irregularities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimek, Peter; Yegorov, Yuri; Hanel, Rudolf; Thurner, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    Democratic societies are built around the principle of free and fair elections, and that each citizen’s vote should count equally. National elections can be regarded as large-scale social experiments, where people are grouped into usually large numbers of electoral districts and vote according to their preferences. The large number of samples implies statistical consequences for the polling results, which can be used to identify election irregularities. Using a suitable data representation, we find that vote distributions of elections with alleged fraud show a kurtosis substantially exceeding the kurtosis of normal elections, depending on the level of data aggregation. As an example, we show that reported irregularities in recent Russian elections are, indeed, well-explained by systematic ballot stuffing. We develop a parametric model quantifying the extent to which fraudulent mechanisms are present. We formulate a parametric test detecting these statistical properties in election results. Remarkably, this technique produces robust outcomes with respect to the resolution of the data and therefore, allows for cross-country comparisons. PMID:23010929

  3. The difficult transformation of a forced constitutional agreement into actual government policy. The Democratic Centre Union and its defunct Law on the Statute of Schools (LOECE of 1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Sevilla Merino

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Under Franco’s Regime, private education, which was managed almostcompletely by the church, underwent considerable development in comparisonto public education. With the arrival of democracy, the conservatives were willingto concede to some minimal changes, whereas the progressives had big reforms inmind. It is because of this that education was one of the most complicated topicsto reach an agreement upon in the Constitution of 1978. In order to achieve aconsensus, Article 27 was drafted in a way which allowed both conservatives andprogressives to develop their educational policies in keeping with their ideology.The Law of Schools (LOECE of 1980 was the first law regulating educationin accordance with the Constitution. In passing this law, the Government ofAdolfo Suarez, with the support of Manuel Fraga’s conservative party, AlianzaPopular, and the regional nationalist right-wing parties, imposed its ideologyfavouring private education. When the groups from the left saw their proposalsrejected they filed a complaint before the Constitutional Court, which in factdeclared void some of the most important articles contained in the law.The basic consensus achieved during the drafting of the Constitution has notprevented important disagreements from arising afterwards. As a result, withevery change of government there is also a change in the laws and in the wayeducational policies are developed.

  4. Introduction Public Sector Reforms and the Quest for Democratic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    seriane.camara

    Hence, at the turn of the 21st century, Africa remains the poorest region in the world. ... participation and, consequently, the sustainability of democratic governance. ..... with the implement action of the reforms have no capacity to do so.

  5. The perceptions of parents of their role in the democratic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The perceptions of parents of their role in the democratic governance of ... of education of parents in general, lack of education on parental involvement in school activities, a fear of 'academic victimisation' of their children, language barrier, ...

  6. End-To-End Verifiability in Electronic Elections

    OpenAIRE

    Risvik, Chris Csomos

    2016-01-01

    Voting has traditionally been performed by casting paper ballots in public polling places. However, advancements in computer technology in the latest decades have enabled voters to cast their votes electronically. By 2016, eleven different countries have made various trials enabling voters to cast votes on the Internet using personal devices. End-to-end verifiability is regarded by election experts as an important property for retaining democratic principles in Internet elections. Nevertheles...

  7. Democracy in Reverse: The 2016 General Election in Zambia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward Goldring

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available On 11 August 2016, Zambia held elections for the presidency, National Assembly, local councillors, and mayors. Concurrently, a referendum was held on whether to enhance the Bill of Rights in the Constitution of Zambia. The elections were significant for several reasons: It was the first contest under a newly amended Constitution, which introduced important changes to the electoral framework. It also marked a break with Zambia’s positive historical record of arranging generally peaceful elections. Moreover, the election featured an electoral playing field that was notably tilted in favour of the incumbent party. Ultimately, the incumbent president, Edgar Lungu of the Patriotic Front, edged out opposition challenger Hakainde Hichilema of the United Party for National Development. The election was controversial and the opposition mounted an unsuccessful legal challenge to the final results. The 2016 elections represent a reversal in the quality of Zambian democracy and raise questions about the country’s prospects for democratic consolidation.

  8. Introduction. In Search of Economic Policies to Stabilise Democratic Transitions

    OpenAIRE

    Luciani, Giacomo

    2017-01-01

    Democratic transitions in the Middle East and North Africa have mostly failed to consolidate and have been hindered by the difficult economic heritage of previous authoritarian governments. Yet newly established democratic governments must deliver on the expectations of their people, especially the poorer strata, otherwise disillusionment may open the door to restoration of authoritarian rule. The introductory chapter reviews existing literature on the topic and presents the contributions of ...

  9. Adult education policies of the government of Democrat PartyDemokrat Parti iktidarının halk eğitimi politikaları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melehat Gezer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The revolutionary developments performed with the establishment of Turkish Republic changed the political, social, legal and economic structure of Turkish society. Among these developments, education had a significant part. In the Republican period, there were many efforts to make the public more conscious and organized through the Turkish Hearth movement, public schools and community centres. Foreign educational specialists and teachers also contributed to these efforts, which were oriented to modernising education.The Democratic Party (DP, a milestone in Turkey’s post-Republican political history, made many achievements in a variety of fields, such as health, economy and foreign policy. Moreover, it significantly improved public education. This study analyses the DP’s public education efforts in the 1950s, when the DP invited Professor Watson Dickerman, a specialist in the field of adult (public education, to Turkey to take his advice about these projects. Dickerman investigated and analysed the field of adult education in Turkey and filed a report to the Ministry of Education including his observations and suggestions. Dickerman’s report about adult education considerably influenced the DP’s adult education policy. Following his report, the DP established the Department of Adult Education in 1951, which was subject to the General Directorate of Higher Education and the Ministry of Education.In 1952, the Office of Adult Education went into service. The activities of this institution were conducted in villages and sub-districts. Public lecture rooms were opened in villages and sub-districts in 1953, and community colleges were founded in districts in 1956. The General Directorate of Adult Education was founded on August 29, 1960. Its main goals were to enlarge the sphere of influence of adult education services and to manage nationwide activities systematically under one institution. These improvements demonstrate that adult education

  10. The Icelandic media coverage of the constitutional assembly election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guðbjörg Hildur Kolbeins

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available On November 27, 2010, the people of Iceland elected 25 individuals to the country’s constitutional assembly. As there were 522 candidates for the 25 seats in the assembly, the media were faced with a new dilemma, i.e. how to ensure impartiality and objectivity in their coverage of the candidates and the subject matter. The present study compares the media coverage of the constitutional assembly election to two other national elections; the general election in the spring of 2009 and the municipal election in the spring of 2010. All news stories in the 13 major print, broadcast and online news outlets in Iceland were coded two weeks prior to each election. The results indicate that the national media almost ignored the constitutional assembly election in comparison to the other elections. There were 632 news stories on the general election, 590 stories on the municipal election but only 165 stories on the constitutional assembly election. The lack of coverage of the candidates for the constitutional assembly seems to reveal that the traditional media, i.e. the print and broadcast media, and the online media did not know how to best serve and inform the public in the democratic process.

  11. Democratic constraints on demographic policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigsby, J S

    1984-01-01

    The discussion compares the population policies adopted in Sweden during the 1930s to raise fertiity and the policies considered in the US during the 1970s in response to the high fertility experienced in the 1950s. Both sets of policies recommended increased availability of birth control, more liberal abortion laws, and greater employment opportunities for women. It becomes evident that the constraints imposed by a democratic system of government translate into policy recommendations that place individual freedom of choice and equal opportunity for all citizens as higher goals than any specific demographic target. Consequently, the population commissions of Sweden and the US made similar suggestions on how to resolve their opposite demographic problems. The demographic situations in the 2 nations were antipodal, and the countries also had very different social climates. This additional disparity was insufficient to counterbalance the apparently overwhelming influence of the democratic political systems in making virtually identical policy recommendations. Yet, the contrasting social climates of Sweden in 1935 and the US in 1970-72 may explain the different reactions each commission received. In terms of the responses by both citizens and government officials to the commissions' reports, the Swedish commission was more successful. Practically all of their recommendations were enthusiastically received and quickly adopted by the Swedish Riksdag. Yet, when the criterion for success becomes whether or not a demographic target was met, it increased in the 1940s and then dropped again while the same social policies were in effect. Even before the US commission began its study, fertility in the US had fallen and continues to remain low. These findings suggest that commissions in democratic countries will most likely never recommend dramatic measures in population policy. Thus, it is questionable whether such commissions in democratic nations will totally fulfill the

  12. Elections and Electoral Tribunal in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2011-04-19

    Apr 19, 2011 ... Through such elections, citizens participate in the governance ... the Nigeria's electoral history since its corporate existence as a sovereign state. .... not only corrupt, but unfit to correct the perceived anomalies in the Nigeria's.

  13. Election cycles in natural resource rents : Empirical evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, Jeroen; de Haan, Jakob

    2016-01-01

    We examine whether governments' natural resource rents are affected by upcoming elections and if so, whether the incumbent uses these additional rents for re-election purposes. Estimates of a dynamic panel model for about 60 countries for 1975-2011 suggest that elections increase natural resource re

  14. Election cycles in natural resource rents: Empirical evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, Jeroen; Haan, de Jakob

    2016-01-01

    We examine whether governments' natural resource rents are affected by upcoming elections and if so, whether the incumbent uses these additional rents for re-election purposes. Estimates of a dynamic panel model for about 60 countries for 1975-2011 suggest that elections increase natural resource

  15. On the Deliberative Dilemmas between the Government and the Civil Society in Chinese Local Governance——Based on the Chinese Macro-strategy of Democratization%中国地方治理中的政府与社会协商困境分析——基于民主化宏观策略的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨守涛

    2012-01-01

    The national macro-strategy of democratization prescribes the fundamental direction and the core principles of democratization.The macro-strategy of democratization in China is positive but manageable,which causes many subjective and objective dilemmas to the deliberative practices between the government and the civil society in Chinese local governance.The local government can not do well in organizing deliberation,and it is difficult for the public to participate effectively.In order to solve these problems,it is necessary to overcome skepticism and build relevant mechanism to guarantee effective deliberation under the precondition of adhering the prudent and pragmatic strategy of democratization mentioned above.%一个国家民主化的宏观策略体现了该国民主化的根本方向与核心原则。中国民主化的宏观策略是一种可管理导向的积极民主化策略,这种策略给中国地方治理中的政府与社会协商实践造成了种种主客观困境,使得地方政府不能很好地举办协商活动,社会力量也不能有效地参与。为走出困境,就必须在坚持审慎而务实策略的同时,不断克服怀疑主义,建立和健全保证协商有效性的管理机制。

  16. A Democratically Accountable External Action Service: Three Scenarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozef Bátora

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Democratic accountability is an aspect that seems to have been almost entirely overlooked in the discussions on the evolving role of the European External Action Service (EEAS. In modern democratic societies, it is increasingly difficult to sustain the claim that foreign policy and diplomacy are incompatible with democratic decision-making and accountability. What is more, for the external service representing the EU as an entity aspiring to play the role of a mentor in state- and democracy-building processes in various countries around the world, ensuring democratic accountability necessarily becomes a key concern. While this is the case, the literature on the EEAS has at best only partially addressed this issue so far. This article seeks to bridge that gap and discuss ways of how democratic accountability could be ensured in the EEAS in its various possible organizational configurations. It hence addresses some of the key issues addressed by this special issue – institutionalization of administrative arrangements in support of the ESDP, the role of non-elected officials in the EU’s external relations and, indeed, evolving mechanisms for ensuring political control of the EU’s external action. In the first section, the paper discusses the notion of democratic accountability and reviews the state of the debate regarding democratic accountability in the EEAS. Three models of a democratic order in the EU are then suggested (cf Eriksen and Fossum and based on those, three scenarios of developing democratic accountability in the EEAS are elaborated upon - the EEAS as a support agency for member state diplomacy; the EEAS as a federal foreign service of the EU; and the EEAS as a cosmopolitan normative entrepreneur.

  17. From Elections to Accountability in Africa?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Bratton

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Competitive elections are becoming institutionalized in Africa. But elections have proven an uncertain mechanism for guaranteeing the accountability of political leaders. One reason is that political accountability has numerous attitudinal, behavioral and institutional requirements, of which popular participation in open elections is only one. Instead, we propose a framework of four elements that together comprise a holistic system of political accountability: (a demand for vertical accountability; (b supply of vertical accountability; (c demand for horizontal accountability; and (d supply of horizontal accountability.The article measures each of these elements using data from Afrobarometer Round 5 (2011–13. On one hand, we find that the weakest link in the chain of accountability remains the vertical one between largely passive electors and evasive legislative agents. On the other hand, we find that the African citizens surveyed think that elections strengthen the institutional autonomy of parliament, thus enabling a greater measure of horizontal accountability. But this pattern of accountability begs several lingering concerns. We wonder whether citizens have sufficient information to accurately monitor the relationship between president and parliament under a democratic constitution, and we find that the quality of elections, along with the partisan predispositions of electoral winners, condition the effect of elections on popular perceptions of accountability.

  18. The cyclical social choice of primary vs. general election candidates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurrild-Klitgaard, Peter

    The manner in which US presidential elections are organized make them ripe for empirical manifestations of the “voting paradoxes” identified by social choice theorists. This note illustrates the general point with polling data involving the two leading Democrats and the three leading Republicans ...

  19. Democratization, social crisis and the impact of military domestic roles in Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Pion-Berlin,David; Trinkunas, Harold

    2005-01-01

    Civil-military relations theorists have long warned against the participation of armed forces in domestic missions in democratic societies. They argue that such domestic roles bolster the military politically and eventually lead to the overthrow of democratic governments. Yet for two decades now, democratic governments have enlisted the help of their militaries domestically without risk to the regime. Civilian leaders often provide the military with internal roles to compensate/or th...

  20. Malaysia’s 2008 General Election – Transition from Single-party Dominance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Case

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Leading theories of transitions from single-party dominant systems begin with economic crisis, the party’s loss of patronage resources, and elite-level defections. The multiparty elections that are then held exert no independent effect, but instead register neutrally the party’s decline and the democratization of politics. This paper, however, shifts attention from the dominant party to citizens and elections in non-crisis conditions. It argues that on key dimensions citizens assess the dominant party’s legitimacy or worthiness of support. Further, where they grow critical of its policy outputs, they scrutinize more closely its conformity to procedures. And as they anticipate that their voting preferences will be thwarted by electoral manipulations, they vote in protest, perhaps producing a “liberalizing electoral outcome.” Elections, then, do not simply indicate the dominant party’s decline. By deepening alienation, they help citizens to cause it. Analysis is set in Malaysia, long an exemplar of single-party dominance, but recently a case in which the government was dealt a striking electoral setback.

  1. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : CHIAVERI First Name : Enrico I have been a CERN staff member since 1973 and have always been interested in our working conditions. As a member of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association I participated from 1980 to 1984 in the Working Group on Pensions mandated by the CERN Council. This commitment led to my becoming a member of the Governing Board of the Pension Fund in 1983, since when I have taken an active part in various commissions and working groups (Real Estate Asset Management Committee, Working Group on Actuarial Matters etc.); in so doing I have gained a thorough knowledge of different areas of the Pension Fund. Since ...

  2. A psychodynamic perspective on elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemens, Norman A

    2010-11-01

    In a democracy, elections are the way in which the collective thought processes of the voters arrive at a decision to direct their government. The author explores how the individual voter assesses and resolves many conflicting internal and external forces to arrive at a vote. The midterm elections of 2010 illustrate the parallel between individual resolution of conflicting forces and the process of a campaign leading to the outcome of an election. The psychodynamic concepts of conflict and compromise, affects, aggression, unconscious forces, mechanisms of defense, superego, and the ego's integrative functions are evident in both the individual voter and the collective electoral process. The author expresses concern about the historical vulnerability of democracies and the unbalancing effect of allowing limitless infusion of anonymous corporate money to pour into campaigns.

  3. Creativity and Democratic Governance. Adult Learning: A Strategic Choice. Proceedings of the ICAE World Assembly (6th, Ocho Rios, Jamaica, August 9-12, 2001) = Creativite et Gouvernance Democratique. L'apprentissage des Adultes: Un Choix Strategique. Actes de la Assemblee Mondiale du CIEA (6th, Ocho Rios, Jamaique, 9 au 12 aout 2001) = Creatividad y Gobernabilidad Democratica. Educacion de Adultos: Una Eleccion Estrategica. Actas de la Asamblea Mundial del ICAE (6th, Ocho Rios, Jamaica, Agosto 9-12, 2001).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobson, Stephan, Ed.

    This document contains information from and about a world assembly on creativity and democratic governance in adult learning that was held by the International Council for Adult Education (ICAE) and its partner organizations in the Caribbean. The proceedings begin with English, French, and Spanish translations of the address…

  4. Creativity and Democratic Governance. Adult Learning: A Strategic Choice. Proceedings of the ICAE World Assembly (6th, Ocho Rios, Jamaica, August 9-12, 2001) = Creativite et Gouvernance Democratique. L'apprentissage des Adultes: Un Choix Strategique. Actes de la Assemblee Mondiale du CIEA (6th, Ocho Rios, Jamaique, 9 au 12 aout 2001) = Creatividad y Gobernabilidad Democratica. Educacion de Adultos: Una Eleccion Estrategica. Actas de la Asamblea Mundial del ICAE (6th, Ocho Rios, Jamaica, Agosto 9-12, 2001).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobson, Stephan, Ed.

    This document contains information from and about a world assembly on creativity and democratic governance in adult learning that was held by the International Council for Adult Education (ICAE) and its partner organizations in the Caribbean. The proceedings begin with English, French, and Spanish translations of the address…

  5. Democratizing Our Youth: Citizenship, Community and Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    McVeigh, Ryan; Barnett, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we argue that the inherent flaw in the current Ontario civics curriculum is that it is too heavily influenced by the functional aspects of "what is" Canada, rather than giving the opportunity to experience the emotional qualities of what it means to be Canadian. Creating a community of learners based on the caveats of citizenship and…

  6. Indonesia: Nation-building and democratic governance

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Montobbio

    2010-01-01

    The constitution of a state in democracy and development in what is Indonesia today is just one of the possible stories of History. To explain what has made it possible and what will determine Indonesia’s future and transformations, this paper offers an approach to the structuring axis of Indonesia’s national construction; it also analyses the process that led to the replacing of the political regime established by Sukarno after independence by Suharto’s “New Order”, and its consolidation and...

  7. Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Saff Association

    2013-01-01

    2013 Elections to Staff Council   Vote! Make your voice heard and be many to elect the new Staff Council. More details on the elections can be found on the Staff Association web site (https://ap-vote.web.cern.ch/elections-2013).   Timetable elections Monday 28 October to Monday 11 November, 12:00 am voting Monday 18 and Monday 25 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 19 November, Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 3 December, first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure is monitored by the Election Committee.

  8. Assessing the European Parliament’s Democratic Credentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Vitkovitch

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Doubts persist about the democratic legitimacy and role of the European Parliament in EU decision-making – this article takes a critical look at the body’s democratic credentials. An analysis of voter turnout and the impact the ‘Spitzenkandidaten process’ had on the second-order nature of European elections suggests that the European Parliament suffers from lower turnout than national counterparts, and that the 2014 European elections remained a second-order affair, in spite of the Parliament’s efforts. Existing data and analysis show that while the European Parliament to does a reasonable job translating citizens’ views in relation to left/right issues, the Parliament is more supportive of EU integration than citizens – new data gathered suggest the lack of congruence is pronounced. The European Parliament’s institutional framework set by the Treaties affects its choices, its more limited role in certain areas may lead it to adopt policy positions that are at odds with citizens’ views and security. Ultimately, the European Parliament does not enhance the democratic nature of the EU. The adoption of a more intergovernmental approach to EU decision-making at the expense of the European Parliament would help improve the democratic credentials of EU decision making, and as a minimum further expansion of the Parliament’s powers should be avoided.

  9. Freed to Learn: Five Fundamental Concepts of Democratic Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leo J. Fahey

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Children are natural learners each with distinct interests, abilities and rates of cognitive, emotional and social growth. Democratic Education institutionalizes five key concepts to free these natural instincts and individual differences to drive community self-governance and individual self-directed learning within a formal schooling environment. This paper summarizes the five concepts fundamental to Democratic Education and suggests how they can be applied within a school setting.

  10. Good governance and political culture: A case study of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Serajul Islam

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In a democratic system it is essential to have a competitive, and a tolerant party system, but Bangladesh has experienced an intolerant and a confrontational party system that has created a deadlock and brought uncertainty to the whole country. Since 1990, except 2014, Bangladesh has witnessed four systematic peaceful free elections, one each--in 1991, 1996, 2001, and 2008. On January 5, 2014, however, a controversial election took place in which major opposition political parties did not participate except the ruling alliance parties. The two dominant parties—the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP and the Awami League (AL—each won two previous free and fair elections, with the BNP winning in1991, and a BNP-led 4-party coalition in 2001, and the AL in 1996, and an AL-led 14 party alliance in 2008. However, from 2014 Bangladesh is heading towards an authoritarian system. All these are happening due to the lack of good governance. This article intends to emphasize that the political culture emanating from the party politics is retarding good governance in Bangladesh. This article argues that the cultural traits developed in the last four decades in various dimensions,, particularly in more recent years, have worked as an “earth-worm” in the fabrics of democracy in Bangladesh preventing ‘good governance’.

  11. Structural Ambiguity of the Liberal Democratic Party: The Dissolution of the Diet in 2005 and the Reinstatement Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ITO, Takuya

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to explain the ambiguous structure of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP even when under the leadership of Koizumi Jun-ichiro, who adopted the slogan, 'structural reform without sanctuary'. The paper discusses the dissolution of the Diet in 2005 and the problem of reinstating the former LDP members who had opposed the privatization of the postal system. It is noteworthy that the succeeding LDP president Abe Shinzo, who adopted the 'challenge again' (saicharenji slogan, suddenly opted for their reinstatement. However, this paper argues that the reinstatement was not planned by Abe but Koizumi, who merely pretended to clarify the structure of the LDP by dissolving the Diet and fighting the rebels in the snap general election. This implies that his 'structural reform without sanctuary' slogan had a sanctuary—the LDP itself as the governing party. This will be explained by describing the process through which the rebels were reinstated in the party.

  12. ELECTIONS - Pension Fund

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance to ensure the payment of pensions up to the death of the last beneficiary. The 2003 actuarial review showed a large deficit and several corrective measures have already been taken. The next months will see the results of the 2006 actuarial review. We hope they will show that the measures taken last year are going in the right direction. However, we must remain proactive since further measures will no doubt be necessary. New and imaginative proposals must be prepared and discussed in the widest possible forum, by regular direct contact ...

  13. ELECTIONS - Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance to ensure the payment of pensions up to the death of the last beneficiary. The 2003 actuarial review showed a large deficit and several corrective measures have already been taken. The next months will see the results of the 2006 actuarial review. We hope they will show that the measures taken last year are going in the right direction. However, we must remain proactive since further measures will no doubt be necessary. New and imaginative proposals must be prepared and discussed in the widest possible forum, by regular direct contact with staff...

  14. ELECTIONS - Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: First name: Michel Name: Goossens The CERN/ESO Pension Fund represents, for most staff, the sole source of income when they retire. The health of our Pension Fund is thus of the utmost importance to ensure the payment of pensions up to the death of the last beneficiary. The 2003 actuarial review showed a large deficit and several corrective measures have already been taken. The next months will see the results of the 2006 actuarial review. We hope they will show that the measures taken last year are going in the right direction. However, we must remain proactive since further measures will no doubt be necessary. New and imaginative proposals must be prepared and discussed in the widest possible forum, by regular direct contact with staf...

  15. CYBER: CHANGING THE LANDSCAPE OF FOREIGN INTERVENTION IN DEMOCRATIC ELECTIONS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    use to guard against unwanted electoral intervention. 71 Bibliography Articles Barvin, Austin. "Doubt, Not Russia, Threatens U.S...2015. Kuhn, Thomas S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 50th anniversary ed. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012. Lowenthal...67 BIBLIOGRAPHY …………………………………………………………... 71 Illustrations 1 Example of a DNS query

  16. Democratic Citizenship: European referents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María PUIG GUTIÉRREZ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Let’s sense beforehand in this article a tour concerning the educational European policies that favors the development of a democratic citizenship. The aim that we chase is to understand the way in which nowadays it is being interpreted and stimulated the Citizenship education from European Union. for it we offer a conceptual delimiting of «Citizenship education» and later, we show an analysis of the principal documents and materials elaborated principally by the Council of Europe that mark the way followed by European Union as for education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC.

  17. Polish electoral system to self local government – changes and effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Słobodzian Beata

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Poland as a young democracy is supported by extensive experience of mature democratic systems. Poland is still seeking reasonable and effective solutions regarding its electoral system. The right for electing the representatives of authority bodies is one of the fundamentals of democracy. This right entitles citizens for active public participation through expressing their support (votes for candidates, which will respectively represent their voters in certain institutions. Polish electoral law, which regulates the local self-government elections is very controversial. The existing legal rules have been changed many times since 2011. Among the subjects being discussed are electoral campaigns, and candidate registration rules and organization of elections. Frequent changes in the electoral law result in misunderstandings and an unwillingness to participate in elections. Their effect is low voter turnout and a large number of invalid votes. Regardless of the above, it is worth to consider, why the Electoral Code was prepared so chaotically and without any further discussion? Why before the forthcoming elections to the European Parliament and municipalities planned for 2014 it was not possible to be assured about the electoral regulations, which were the subject of numerous changes?

  18. Democratization in Albania: The OSCE, NATO and the European Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    parliament and a noncommunist government came into existence. In 1990 the leader of Solidarity, Lech Walesa, was elected president, replacing the...areas, focused on sectors such as rehabilitating basic infrastructure, transport , agriculture, energy and telecommunications, the CARDS program

  19. PENSION FUND - ELECTIONS

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund.   Candidate: Name: RANJARD First Name: Florence Having been a member of the Governing Board of the Pension Fund since 1983 as Guy Maurin’s alternate, I am standing for a further 3-year term of office. Over the past few years work has concentrated essentially on following items: Monitoring of the work of the fund managers and their performances. The three-yearly study of the Fund’s actuarial situation. The pension guarantees ­ second phase. The Fund is approaching its maturity: the level of benefits exceeds contributions. In this context it has to strike a suitable balance between management of the risk from a dynamic investment policy, while by a prudent policy avoiding any significant loss of its capital. These will be my concerns within the Governing Board of the Pension Fund if you give me your support.

  20. PENSION FUND - ELECTIONS

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund.   Candidate: Name: MAURIN First Name: Guy I have been a member of the personnel since 1967 and as early as 1972 I was involved, in my capacity as President of the Staff Association, in the improvement of the Pension Fund benefits. As for most of us the Pension Fund is the only social provident scheme to which we belong, it is important to ensure that it is well managed and in balance. As a member of the Governing Board since 1974 and Vice-Chairman of this Board since 1977, I have continued to pursue these objectives. One of the main responsibilities of the Governing Board is our asset investment policy. The Investment Committee, of which I am Chairman, must have an overall view of the management of our 4 billion Swiss francs and seek the best yield with minimum risk. The investment structure must continuously be adapted i...

  1. Democratic design experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ehn, Pelle; Brandt, Eva; Halse, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    we here see design engagements which are both controversial in their commitment to agendas of social change and experimental in the sense that they openly probe for what can possibly be enacted. In this conversation we want to explore how such engagements may be seen as democratic design experiments...

  2. Democratic design experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ehn, Pelle; Brandt, Eva; Halse, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    we here see design engagements which are both controversial in their commitment to agendas of social change and experimental in the sense that they openly probe for what can possibly be enacted. In this conversation we want to explore how such engagements may be seen as democratic design experiments...

  3. Democratic contract law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will

  4. Democratic Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laursen, Erik K.; Tate, Thomas F.

    2012-01-01

    For a century, democratic values have called for abandoning coercive approaches and teaching children and youth to be responsible citizens. The authors explore strategies for creating respectful environments and positive group cultures with challenging youth. They offer suggestions to adult group facilitators to support youth in developing…

  5. Democratization in Malawi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmanuel, Nikolas G.

    2013-01-01

    a political conditionality approach. Few countries have felt the weight of conditionality as much as Malawi did in the 1990s. Here, donors were able to use aid sanctions to successfully encourage democratization, while strengthening the demands of domestic opposition forces. This paper argues that three...

  6. The Democratization of Knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adult Education Quarterly, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Although adult education is committed to democratic values, its knowledge base reproduces the structures and values of larger academic culture, which excludes many. Although the field speaks of empowerment for others, it has yet to realize such empowerment for itself. (Author/SK)

  7. Iran’s 2009 Presidential Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-06

    Velayet e faqih ( Guardianship of the Jurisprudent) is the principle on which the Islamic Republic is based, whereby Islamic (Shariah) law governs society...Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law , no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection...Turnout in Election,” Fars News Agency (Tehran), June 13, 2009. 23 For information on Iran’s election law and procedures, see the International

  8. It's not the voting that's democracy, it's the counting: Statistical detection of systematic election irregularities

    CERN Document Server

    Klimek, Peter; Hanel, Rudolf; Thurner, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    Democratic societies are built around the principle of free and fair elections, that each citizen's vote should count equal. National elections can be regarded as large-scale social experiments, where people are grouped into usually large numbers of electoral districts and vote according to their preferences. The large number of samples implies certain statistical consequences for the polling results which can be used to identify election irregularities. Using a suitable data collapse, we find that vote distributions of elections with alleged fraud show a kurtosis of hundred times more than normal elections. As an example we show that reported irregularities in the 2011 Duma election are indeed well explained by systematic ballot stuffing and develop a parametric model quantifying to which extent fraudulent mechanisms are present. We show that if specific statistical properties are present in an election, the results do not represent the will of the people. We formulate a parametric test detecting these stati...

  9. Educational Governance in Denmark

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moos, Lejf

    2014-01-01

    Denmark has entered global competition by expanding collaboration with European countries, which is profoundly impacting the public sector and school governance. Relations between the state and institutions are transforming from traditional democratic, public-sector models of governance into new forms characterized as corporate and market-driven…

  10. Educational Governance in Denmark

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moos, Lejf

    2014-01-01

    Denmark has entered global competition by expanding collaboration with European countries, which is profoundly impacting the public sector and school governance. Relations between the state and institutions are transforming from traditional democratic, public-sector models of governance into new forms characterized as corporate and market-driven…

  11. Local election blogs: Networking among the political elite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bock Segaard, Signe; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe

    2013-01-01

    : participants and interaction. Next, we apply our framework in a case study of election blogs in twelve Norwegian municipalities using multiple data sources. In contrast to the democratic vision of social media, our analysis demonstrates that election blogs are primarily used by those who are politically active......This article explores the role of social media (essentially blogs) in the 2011 Norwegian local election campaigns. We commence by developing a framework for investigating political communication using the social media that conceptualises the horizontal and vertical conversation along two dimensions...... in the local election campaign. While candidates say they want to connect with the electorate, in practice they are networking with each other. Our findings are discussed in light of the institutional setting in which the blogging take place, and the specific social media under investigation....

  12. Civil Society and the Conduct of Free, Fair and Credible Election ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of Free, Fair and Credible Election: Lessons from the Ghanaian Experience. ... The conduct of regular elections is considered the single most important ... wake up to their responsibility, work together with their governments to make electoral ...

  13. 78 FR 42761 - Proposed Information Collection-2014 Election Administration and Voting Survey; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ELECTION ASSISTANCE... this proposed information collection (2014 Election Administration and Voting Survey) to the Director... data collection requirements under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA...

  14. 78 FR 78345 - Proposed Information Collection-2014 Election Administration and Voting Survey; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ELECTION ASSISTANCE... this proposed information collection (2014 Election Administration and Voting Survey) to the Director... data collection requirements under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA...

  15. 78 FR 34384 - The President's Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-07

    ... ADMINISTRATION The President's Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting Notice. SUMMARY: The President's Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  16. 78 FR 55079 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meetings AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  17. 78 FR 45200 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting Notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  18. 78 FR 35272 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: M eeting notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  19. 78 FR 64942 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-30

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-Wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  20. 78 FR 69416 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-Wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting Notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  1. 78 FR 38042 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting; Correction AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting notice; correction. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA),...

  2. 78 FR 52531 - The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... ADMINISTRATION The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA); Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Meeting Notice. SUMMARY: The Presidential Commission on Election Administration (PCEA), a Federal...

  3. Congressional Election Forecasting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis-Beck, Michael S.; Rice, Tom W.

    1988-01-01

    Reviews the growing literature on the forecasting of elections, providing an example in the form of 1988 congressional election predictions. Briefly discusses the history of election outcome prediction and outlines two scientific forecasting models which, the authors state, are appropriate for use in the classroom. (GEA)

  4. Serbian Elections 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan Pavlović

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Elections in Serbia have been held quite often over the past 26 years. Yet, of all elections that have taken place since the introduction of the multiparty system in 1990, the elections held on April 24 2016, were the most confusing. They were held early, but were neither a product of political, nor economic crisis. So why were they necessary?

  5. Machine Learning in Parliament Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Esfandiari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Parliament is considered as one of the most important pillars of the country governance. The parliamentary elections and prediction it, had been considered by scholars of from various field like political science long ago. Some important features are used to model the results of consultative parliament elections. These features are as follows: reputation and popularity, political orientation, tradesmen's support, clergymen's support, support from political wings and the type of supportive wing. Two parameters of reputation and popularity and the support of clergymen and religious scholars that have more impact in reducing of prediction error in election results, have been used as input parameters in implementation. In this study, the Iranian parliamentary elections, modeled and predicted using learnable machines of neural network and neuro-fuzzy. Neuro-fuzzy machine combines the ability of knowledge representation of fuzzy sets and the learning power of neural networks simultaneously. In predicting the social and political behavior, the neural network is first trained by two learning algorithms using the training data set and then this machine predict the result on test data. Next, the learning of neuro-fuzzy inference machine is performed. Then, be compared the results of two machines.

  6. Mixed Signals: Democratization and the Myanmar Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Burrett

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the media context of Myanmar’s recent political reforms and transition of power. Drawing on interviews with 57 Yangon-based media professionals, the article analyzes the media’s role as both an agent and subject of political change as Myanmar prepared for parliamentary elections in November 2015. It asks to what extent changes in the Myanmar media system adhere to existing theories of the media’s role in the democratization process. Specifically, the article analyzes the features and functions of Myanmar’s media during the country’s liberalization from 2010 to 2015. The article concludes by assessing what Myanmar’s experience adds to our theoretical understanding of the media’s transformation during liberalization.

  7. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NR 4

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : MYERS First Name : Stephen I have been at CERN since 1972, and was elected member of the Governing Board for the first time in 1998. The Governing Board then nominated me to the Investments Committee where I have been a member since the beginning of 1999. Since then I have actively participated in redefining and transforming the investment portfolio in order to improve the overall return and where possible reduce the risk. The portfolio has recently been greatly improved and now allows much simpler more transparent monitoring of our investment. I have also actively participated and hopefully made useful contributions in discussions conc...

  8. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND 4th candidate

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : MYERS First Name : Stephen I have been at CERN since 1972, and was elected member of the Governing Board for the first time in 1998. The Governing Board then nominated me to the Investments Committee where I have been a member since the beginning of 1999. Since then I have actively participated in redefining and transforming the investment portfolio in order to improve the overall return and where possible reduce the risk. The portfolio has recently been greatly improved and now allows much simpler more transparent monitoring of our investment. I have also actively participated and hopefully made useful contributions in discussions conc...

  9. Reunification, democratization and education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jee-Hun

    1990-06-01

    The division of the nation into two separate political entities and the later development of dependent capitalism in South Korea have created two important eductional tasks, to do with reunification and democratization. Reunification requires liberation from the influence of foreign powers involved in the national partition and the development of dependent capitalism. Reunification-oriented education emphasizes understanding foreign influences in every sphere of the people's life, understanding the true realities of the two Koreas which have developed in different ways, and overcoming anti-communist ideological obfuscation. Democratization implies the enhancement of people's participation in the exercise and control of political and economic power at every level. For this purpose people need to be educated to participate in order to prevent the abuse of highly centralized power. United and collective action by teachers is required to protect schools from the state monopoly in education and to maintain the integrity and independence of a teaching profession so that pupils can learn and practise democratic values at school.

  10. Enable and Succeed, Force and Fail: Military Intervention to Enable Democratization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-25

    government was widely praised by the United States for its democratic improvements but did little to address the extreme poverty , unemployment, and...competition is the only legitimate means to that end.182 By this definition , the democratization process should look the same regardless of whether it

  11. Democratization of Secondary Education in Malaysia: Emerging Problems and Challenges of Educational Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sua, Tan Yao

    2012-01-01

    The democratization of education in Malaysia has come a long way since the early 1960s. In the early 1990s, the government decided to democratize secondary education in order to widen formal access to secondary education, especially at the upper secondary level. It is the contention of this paper that the widening of formal access to education may…

  12. Democratization of Secondary Education in Malaysia: Emerging Problems and Challenges of Educational Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sua, Tan Yao

    2012-01-01

    The democratization of education in Malaysia has come a long way since the early 1960s. In the early 1990s, the government decided to democratize secondary education in order to widen formal access to secondary education, especially at the upper secondary level. It is the contention of this paper that the widening of formal access to education may…

  13. Acceptance of democracy and democratic orientation in Serbia in the context of social changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlović Zoran

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the paper is the support for democratic government and its basic values expressed by the citizens of Serbia. Direct, general evaluation of democracy, operationalized through valuing democracy as a good or bad system of government was analyzed. Unidimensional syndrome of democratic orientation which comprises social tolerance, postmaterialist values, valuing of autonomy, support for gender equality and market orientation was observed as an indicator of the acceptance of the democratic values. The data collected in the three waves of the World Values Survey (N=3700, conducted on representative samples of Serbian citizens in 1996, 2001 and 2006, were analyzed. The results of the analysis indicate that general support for democratic government, as well as the acceptance of the democratic orientation among Serbian citizens, shows a 'zigzag' profile of change - a sharp increase after the democratic changes in 2000, followed by a significant decrease. The congruence between support for democratic government and democratic values is relatively rare. The concluding chapter discusses the importance and implications of the obtained results in the context of social change effects on the changes of value orientations in one society, as well as in the light of the two competing models of the relationship between political culture and political structure, culturalist and institutionalist. .

  14. How democratic are Networks?- A framework for Assessing the Democratic Effects of Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Annika; Löfgren, Karl

    There has, since the end of the 1980s, been a growing interest in western democracies for formally involving citizens in various local planning activities through network governance. The overarching goal has been to increase efficiency in local planning. Equally, it has also been accompanied...... by an underlying idea of enhancing public participation and mobilising the citizens, thereby strengthening local democracy. Even though much is written about these initiatives, the actual democratic effects of these activities have been notably overlooked in the literature. Both among scholars, as well...... as officials (i.e. civil servants and politicians), there seem to be a considerable uncertainty on how to appraise these initiatives, and there is a demand for criteria and tools for democratically appraising both the input and the output of network governance. The central question raised in this article is...

  15. Democratic choice punished

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Hewitt

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The victory of Hamas in the January 2006 Palestinianlegislative elections, Israel’s subsequent decision towithhold tax payments and the refusal of donors toprovide funds to the Palestinian Authority (PA havegrave implications for the welfare of individuals,for democracy and for Palestinian civil society.

  16. Is John Locke a democrat?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Palle

    (Holden, Held, Ball and Dagger) and monographs on Locke (Dunn, Parry, Marshall). In this paper a new approach to the democratic character of John Locke's political theory is suggested, as his Second Treatise is analysed with Robert A. Dahl's conceptual framework on assumptions for a democratic order......, criteria for a democratic process, and the institutions of polyarchy. The conclusion has implications for the relationship between political liberalism and constitutionalism on the one hand and democracy on the other....

  17. Monitoring the Australian Blogosphere through the 2007 Australian Federal Election

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolai, Thomas; Kirchhoff, Lars; Bruns, Axel; Highfield, Timothy J.

    2009-01-01

    Mainstream and niche online media have played an important role in recent election campaigns both in Australia and abroad. The new US president's social network my.barackobama.com alone is reported to have attracted more than 1.5 million members during the drawn-out US campaign season (Stirland 2008), and Obama is likely to attempt to utilise this network of supporters (which exists at arms' length from Democrat party organisations) as leverage in the difficult political negotiations ahead. T...

  18. The cyclical social choice of primary vs. general election candidates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurrild-Klitgaard, Peter

    The manner in which US presidential elections are organized make them ripe for empirical manifestations of the “voting paradoxes” identified by social choice theorists. This note illustrates the general point with polling data involving the two leading Democrats and the three leading Republicans...... at the beginning of the 2016 presidential primaries, suggesting that all five candidates may be alternatives in one or more cyclical majorities, i.e., where no candidate cannot be beaten by at least one other...

  19. Modernizing the Danish democratic process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten

    2011-01-01

    Examining the socio-technological issues involved in Denmark's decision to pursue the legalization of electronic elections.......Examining the socio-technological issues involved in Denmark's decision to pursue the legalization of electronic elections....

  20. The U.S. Global Strategy as Seen from the Debate in the Primary Election

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Niu Xinchun

    2007-01-01

    @@ There may be more than one year to go before the 2008 U.S. presidential election, but the primary election of the two parties has already begun ahead of time. Both the Democratic and Republican candidates for the presidency come out in succession to elaborate their political views on the U.S. global strategy. And some think tanks and scholars show up one after another with their policy recommendations for the U.S. external strategy beyond 2008.

  1. Democratic Parenting: Paradoxical Messages in Democratic Parent Education Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oryan, Shlomit; Gastil, John

    2013-01-01

    Some prominent parent education theories in the United States and other Western countries base their educational viewpoint explicitly on democratic values, such as mutual respect, equality and personal freedom. These democratic parenting theories advocate sharing power with children and including them in family decision making. This study presents…

  2. 5 CFR 843.313 - Elections between survivor annuities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Elections between survivor annuities. 843... Former Spouse Benefits § 843.313 Elections between survivor annuities. (a) A current spouse annuity... retirement system for Government employees” does not include Survivor Benefit Payments from a...

  3. 38 CFR 6.8 - Selection, revocation and election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Selection, revocation and election. 6.8 Section 6.8 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Optional Settlement § 6.8 Selection, revocation and election....

  4. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-11

    Administration officials and many outside observers believe these steps are mainly cosmetic and will not address the core of the problem. As a first step...child health and nutrition , funding the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, and micro-finance projects. Some donors, particularly those of Canada, have

  5. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-23

    Wardak province. On less contentious issues, the executive and the legislature have worked well. During 2008, parliament passed a labor law that...brings Afghan labor law more in line with international labor laws , a mines law, a law on economic cooperatives, and a convention on tobacco control. It

  6. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-04

    Northern Alliance Commanders ........................................................................................ 15 Abdul Rashid Dostam: Uzbek...in Afghanistan is Abdul Rashid Dostam, who was allied with Soviet occupation forces but later defected and helped bring down the Communist regime in...States banned contracts to one such firm, Watan Risk Management, as of January 6, 2011; the firm is co-owned by two Karzai second cousins— Rashid and

  7. Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    communities and see Afghanistan’s Pashtuns as surrogates of Pakistan. (For more information on the topic of reconciliation talks with insurgent leaders...numerous, multi-faceted projects directly in support of Afghan women, including women’s empowerment, maternal and child health and nutrition, funding the

  8. Election Districts and Precincts, This layer was compiled using our GPS information collected for the USPLS, county board recommendations & the state legislature., Published in 2013, Not Applicable scale, Chippewa County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Election Districts and Precincts dataset current as of 2013. This layer was compiled using our GPS information collected for the USPLS, county board recommendations...

  9. Security and Elections

    OpenAIRE

    Bishop, Matt; Peisert, Sean

    2012-01-01

    Elections are common to almost all societies. Periodically, groups of people determine their representatives, leaders, neighborhood spokespersons, corporate executives, or union representatives by casting ballots and counting votes using a variety of schemes. Those who don’t participate see others around them doing so. And stories abound about rigged elections or results considered compromised by accident or poor communication. US-based elections follow a general pattern of voter reg...

  10. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND 3rd candidate

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : Hauviller First Name : Claude Dear colleague of CERN and ESO, For the first time, I am standing and requesting your support to become a member of the Governing Board of our Pension Fund. CERN staff member since 1974, I have already carried elective mandates: I have been Delegate to the Staff Council and Member of the Senior Staff Consultative Committee (the Nine). For the majority of us, our Pension Fund is our only social provident scheme and source of retirement income; I believe I can usefully contribute to its successful management and help ensure its balance. Our Fund reaches its majority: soon, there will be more beneficiaries tha...

  11. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NR 3

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : HAUVILLER First Name : Claude Dear colleague of CERN and ESO, For the first time, I am standing and requesting your support to become a member of the Governing Board of our Pension Fund. CERN staff member since 1974, I have already carried elective mandates: I have been Delegate to the Staff Council and Member of the Senior Staff Consultative Committee (the Nine). For the majority of us, our Pension Fund is our only social provident scheme and source of retirement income; I believe I can usefully contribute to its successful management and help ensure its balance. Our Fund reaches its majority: soon, there will be more beneficiaries tha...

  12. Developing Democratic Citizens for Emerging Democracies in Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ukpokodu, Nelly

    1997-01-01

    Places the current problems concerning citizenship education in Africa in the context of African countries' emergence from colonial rule to democratic government. Maintains that social studies education in Africa must become transformative and interdisciplinary to overcome ethnocentric isolation. Advocates upgrading teacher education and…

  13. The Democratic Deficit and School-Based Management in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimber, Megan; Ehrich, Lisa Catherine

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The paper seeks to apply the theory of the democratic deficit to school-based management with an emphasis on Australia. This theory was developed to examine managerial restructuring of the Australian Public Service in the 1990s. Given similarities between the use of managerial practices in the public service and government schools, the…

  14. The Democratic System of Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Thomas J.

    Different researchers have suggested a variety of definitions for democratic leadership. As there is no one generally accepted definition, it is difficult to categorically characterize a style as democratic. Democracy in a pure form is based on the assumption that no member of the group is superior to other members. In operation, no organization…

  15. Howard Zinn on Democratic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinn, Howard

    2004-01-01

    Perhaps no other historian has had a more profound and revolutionary impact on American education than Howard Zinn. This is the first book devoted to his views on education and its role in a democratic society. "Howard Zinn on Democratic Education" describes what is missing from school textbooks and in classrooms--and how we move beyond these…

  16. Optical network democratization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nejabati, Reza; Peng, Shuping; Simeonidou, Dimitra

    2016-03-06

    The current Internet infrastructure is not able to support independent evolution and innovation at physical and network layer functionalities, protocols and services, while at same time supporting the increasing bandwidth demands of evolving and heterogeneous applications. This paper addresses this problem by proposing a completely democratized optical network infrastructure. It introduces the novel concepts of the optical white box and bare metal optical switch as key technology enablers for democratizing optical networks. These are programmable optical switches whose hardware is loosely connected internally and is completely separated from their control software. To alleviate their complexity, a multi-dimensional abstraction mechanism using software-defined network technology is proposed. It creates a universal model of the proposed switches without exposing their technological details. It also enables a conventional network programmer to develop network applications for control of the optical network without specific technical knowledge of the physical layer. Furthermore, a novel optical network virtualization mechanism is proposed, enabling the composition and operation of multiple coexisting and application-specific virtual optical networks sharing the same physical infrastructure. Finally, the optical white box and the abstraction mechanism are experimentally evaluated, while the virtualization mechanism is evaluated with simulation.

  17. The 2007 Parliamentary Election in Greece

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gemenis, Kostas

    2008-01-01

    After the defeat of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) in the 2004 election, the party of Nea Dimokratia (New Democracy, ND) begun its first term in government since 1993 on a platform promising to fight rising prices and corruption and ‘reconstruct’ the state. ND’s term begun with the reali

  18. A Renormalization Group Like Model for a Democratic Dictatorship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galam, Serge

    2015-03-01

    We review a model of sociophysics which deals with democratic voting in bottom up hierarchical systems. The connection to the original physical model and technics are outlined underlining both the similarities and the differences. Emphasis is put on the numerous novel and counterintuitive results obtained with respect to the associated social and political framework. Using this model a real political event was successfully predicted with the victory of the French extreme right party in the 2000 first round of French presidential elections. The perspectives and the challenges to make sociophysics a predictive solid field of science are discussed.

  19. Local election blogs: Networking among the political elite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bock Segaard, Signe; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the role of social media (essentially blogs) in the 2011 Norwegian local election campaigns. We commence by developing a framework for investigating political communication using the social media that conceptualises the horizontal and vertical conversation along two dimensions......: participants and interaction. Next, we apply our framework in a case study of election blogs in twelve Norwegian municipalities using multiple data sources. In contrast to the democratic vision of social media, our analysis demonstrates that election blogs are primarily used by those who are politically active...... in other arenas as well and that most communication consists of one-way information dissemination with little actual exchange of information. The main findings also indicate a paradox: there is a mismatch between the types of communication the candidates perceive as important and their actual behaviour...

  20. 2012 election results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Robert; Tetzlaff, Doerthe

    2012-10-01

    On 4 October 2012, AGU members completed voting for the 2013-2014 leadership term. Union officers, Board members, section and focus group officers, and student and early career representatives to the Council were elected. All members who joined or renewed their membership by 1 July 2012 were eligible to vote in this year's leadership election. The vote was held electronically, and access to voting was provided to all eligible voters for a period of 31 days. The voting was conducted by Survey and Ballot Systems, Inc. (SBS). SBS, which offers election planning and management services, provided unique login credentials and other support services for eligible voters throughout the election. Voting results were certified by SBS on 8 October and by the AGU Tellers Committee on 9 October. The overall participation rate was 21.9%, an increase over previous AGU elections.

  1. Policy Governance Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, William J.

    2001-01-01

    An administrator trainer/former superintendent's experience suggests that corporate governance models don't fit the reality of school governance in many districts. Elected board members define their roles differently than their business counterparts and derive little or no monetary benefit from public service. The "new breed" resemble…

  2. Land Use Planning: Attitudes and Behavior of Elected Officials and Their Constituents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albrecht, Stan L.; Geertsen, H. Reed

    1978-01-01

    Examines a statewide sample of Utah residents and their elected state representatives in terms of their respective support of land use planning over several months before, during, and after the defeat of a state land use act. Finds that models developed from classic democratic theory are generally ineffective in accounting for the relationships…

  3. 村民自治问题、对策与未来走向研究综述%Review of Problems,Countermeasures and Future Direction of the Villagers' Self-governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜威漩

    2011-01-01

    村民自治在推进农村民主化进程、加快农村经济社会发展等方面,都起到了积极的作用。村民自治的基本内涵在于"四个民主",即民主选举、民主决策、民主管理和民主监督。村民自治实施中相关问题的研究集中在农民的政治参与、"村两委"之间的关系、民主监督、村民自治与农村公共产品供给、"乡政村治"等五个方面。从未来走向看,村民自治将向着权利保障、社区重建、民主化和制度化方向迈进。%The villagers' self-governance has played a positive role in promoting rural democratization process,speeding up the rural economic and social development.The basic connotation of the villagers' self-governance is "four democracies",namely democratic election,democratic decision-making,democratic management and democratic supervision.The researches on the problems related to the implementation of the villagers' self-governance have been focused on five aspects as follows: the farmers' political participation,the relationship between "the two committees in a village",democratic supervision,the relationship between the villagers' self-governance and the supply of rural public product,"village-govern and township-politics",and so on.From the future perspective,on the one hand,the villagers' self-governance will be carried toward the rights protection and community reconstruction.On the other hand,the villagers' self-governance will be carried toward democratization and institutionalization.

  4. Democratic Quality in Stable Democracies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lijphart, Arend

    2011-02-01

    The major predecessor to Ringen's and my own efforts to measure democratic quality in terms of the purpose of democracy is Robert Dahl's seminal book Polyarchy (1971). Measuring the quality of democracy requires two prior judgments: (1) making sure that, in terms of institutional characteristics, a country is sufficiently democratic, and that, as a minimum, it has universal suffrage, and (2) that its democracy has been uninterrupted for a minimum number of years. To an important extent, higher democratic quality can be attributed to institutional characteristics of consensus democracy, especially proportional representation.

  5. Adult education for democratic citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    . The research literature review was designed as the foundation for the investigation of what is know about how adults can achieve competencies relevant for democratic citizenship in various European countries, what type of educational interventions have proven effective in this regards and how educational......The report presents, in brief, the findings from the study of research literature on Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship, which was carried out in the nine EU member states represented by the project: Austria, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and United Kingdom...... policy intervene in the field of Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship....

  6. Is John Locke a democrat?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Palle

      Over recent years there has been a tendency to present John Locke as an equalitarian democrat (Ashcraft) and being close to the political views of the levellers (Waldron). This is not a completely new interpretation (Kendall, 1941), but contrasts with the prevalent view presented in textbooks...... (Holden, Held, Ball and Dagger) and monographs on Locke (Dunn, Parry, Marshall). In this paper a new approach to the democratic character of John Locke's political theory is suggested, as his Second Treatise is analysed with Robert A. Dahl's conceptual framework on assumptions for a democratic order...

  7. The 2016 Presidential Election: Reality vs. Myths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Deborah B

    2016-01-01

    Politics in a democracy requires governance through debate. Nurses are an important part of the voting public and we need to assess our own anger, expectations, and values for this election. Recognizing four myths during this election season can improve the political conversation. This conversation must acknowledge different groups, interests, and opinions and then seek ways to balance or reconcile those interests. Using this as a mental model to define our politics rather than succumbing to divisive rhetoric, we can take a major step toward building a better political system.

  8. Democratic parenting: paradoxical messages in democratic parent education theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oryan, Shlomit; Gastil, John

    2013-06-01

    Some prominent parent education theories in the United States and other Western countries base their educational viewpoint explicitly on democratic values, such as mutual respect, equality and personal freedom. These democratic parenting theories advocate sharing power with children and including them in family decision making. This study presents a textual analysis of two such theories, the Adlerian model of parent education and the Parent Effectiveness Training (PET) model, as they are embodied in two original bestselling textbooks. Through content and argumentation analysis of these influential texts, this study examines the paradoxes inherent in these two theories when they articulate how to implement fully democratic principles within the parent-child relationship. We discover that in spite of their democratic rationale, both books offer communication practices that guide the child to modify misbehaviour, enforce parental power, and manipulate the child to make decisions that follow parental judgment, and thus do not endorse the use of a truly democratic parenting style. We suggest, as an alternative to the democratic parenting style, that parents be introduced to a guardianship management style, in which they do not share authority with children, but seek opportunities for enabling children to make more autonomous decisions and participate in more family decision making.

  9. Domesticating Uncertainty - Reflections on electoral and bureaucratic practices in a election office

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vadgård, Anne Kathrine Pihl

    Election Day is often considered a celebration of democracy in which politicians and voters alike partake in the festivities. They vote, campaign discuss, and engage. Election Day is, however, also the culmination of months and months of preparation behind the scene. In the bureaucratic engine room...... – the election office – every little step towards this celebratory day and the subsequent counting of the ballots are planned meticulously. By following these often mundane and ordinary practices at a Danish election office this paper discusses the bureaucratic infrastructures, in which electoral and democratic...... issues come into being. Thus this paper reconceptualizes democracy as embedded in practices by investigating the making of an election in a Danish municipality and through attention to the technical and bureaucratic tools through which democracy emerges. With insights of Bruno Latour and other scholars...

  10. Democratic Quality in Stable Democracies

    OpenAIRE

    Lijphart, Arend

    2011-01-01

    The major predecessor to Ringen’s and my own efforts to measure democratic quality in terms of the purpose of democracy is Robert Dahl’s seminal book Polyarchy (1971). Measuring the quality of democracy requires two prior judgments: (1) making sure that, in terms of institutional characteristics, a country is sufficiently democratic, and that, as a minimum, it has universal suffrage, and (2) that its democracy has been uninterrupted for a minimum number of years. To an important extent, highe...

  11. Democratic theory and comparative politics

    OpenAIRE

    O'Donnell, Guillermo

    1999-01-01

    "The present text is, basically, a revision of democratic theory from the perspective of its inadequacies for including into its scope many of the recently democratized countries, as well as some older democracies located outside of the Northwestern quadrant of the world. After warning that it is a first step in a larger and more ambitious endeavor, the paper begins by critically examining various definitions of democracy, especially those that, claiming to follow Schumpeter, a...

  12. Governance Failure in Social Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, Chris; Chinnock, Chris

    2008-01-01

    This article aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the participative, democratic model of governance commonly found within social enterprises. This model has its origins in the broader not-for-profit sector where it is widely adopted. A core assumption of this governance form is that it ensures that the organisation will take a range of views into…

  13. On the deliberative capacity of private multi-stakeholder governance: the roundtables on responsible soy and sustainable palm oil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schouten, A.M.; Leroy, P.; Glasbergen, P.

    2012-01-01

    The democratic quality of private multi-stakeholder governance is an important subject of academic and political debate. On the one hand, private multi-stakeholder arrangements are seen as a way of democratizing international environmental governance. On the other hand, the democratic potential of t

  14. Village Elections, Accountability and Income Distribution in Rural China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Yao

    2006-01-01

    China has experimented with village elections for nearly 20 years. Using village and household survey data collected from 48 villages of 8 Chinese provinces for the period 1986-2002, this paper studies how the introduction of elections affects village governance and income distribution in Chinese villages. The econometric analysis finds the following outcomes. First, village elections have increased the share of public expenditure and reduced the share of administrative expenditure in the village budget, so the accountability of the elected village committee has been enhanced. Second, elections have not led to more income redistribution; instead, they have reduced the progressiveness of income redistribution.Third, elections have reduced income inequality measured by the Gini coefficient in villages.The reduction is equivalent to 5.7 percent of the sample average, or 32 percent of the growth of the Gini coefficient in the period of 1987-2002. Because village elections have not led to more income redistribution, this positive effect must have come from more public investment,which benefits the poor more than wealthier people. The general conclusion that we draw from our results is that, despite institutional constraints, village elections have improved village governance and the life of villagers.

  15. Elective course planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Simon; Sørensen, Matias; Stidsen, Thomas Riis

    2011-01-01

    Efficient planning increasingly becomes an indispensable tool for management of both companies and public organizations. This is also the case for high school management in Denmark, because the growing individual freedom of the students to choose courses makes planning much more complex. Due...... to reforms, elective courses are today an important part of the curriculum, and elective courses are a good way to make high school education more attractive for the students. In this article, the problem of planning the elective courses is modeled using integer programming and three different solution...... for the Elective Course Planning Problem has been described in the literature before. The proposed algorithms are tested on data sets from 98 of the 150 high schools in Denmark. The tests show that for the majority of the problems, the optimal solution can be obtained within the one hour time bound. Furthermore...

  16. Executive Selection in the European Union: Does the Commission President Investiture Procedure Reduce the Democratic Deficit?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Hix

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available Central to all democratic systems is the ability of citizens to choose who holds executive power. To reduce the democratic-deficit in the EU, therefore, the Maastricht and Amsterdam Treaties give the European Parliament (EP a vote on the European Council nominee for Commission President. The effect, so many commentators claim, is a parliamentary model: where EP elections are connected via an EP majority to executive selection. However, these claims are misplaced. There are no incentives for national parties to compete for the Commission President, and every incentive for MEPs to abide by national-party rather than EP-party wishes. The result is that EP elections are second-order national contests, fought by national parties on national executive performance, and that the winning coalition in the investiture procedure is of prime ministers parties not of EP election victors. Consequently, for a parliamentary model to work, either the EP should go first in the investiture process, or the link between domestic parties and MEPs should be broken. However, if EP elections remain second-order, the only option may be a presidential model, where the Commission President is directly-elected.

  17. Executive Selection in the European Union: Does the Commission President Investiture Procedure Reduce the Democratic Deficit?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Hix

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available Central to all democratic systems is the ability of citizens to choose who holds executive power. To reduce the democratic-deficit in the EU, therefore, the Maastricht and Amsterdam Treaties give the European Parliament (EP a vote on the European Council nominee for Commission President. The effect, so many commentators claim, is a parliamentary model: where EP elections are connected via an EP majority to executive selection. However, these claims are misplaced. There are no incentives for national parties to compete for the Commission President, and every incentive for MEPs to abide by national-party rather than EP-party wishes. The result is that EP elections are ‘second-order national contests’, fought by national parties on national executive performance, and that the winning coalition in the investiture procedure is of ‘prime ministers’ parties’ not of ‘EP election victors’. Consequently, for a parliamentary model to work, either the EP should ‘go first’ in the investiture process, or the link between domestic parties and MEPs should be broken. However, if EP elections remain second-order, the only option may be a presidential model, where the Commission President is directly-elected.

  18. The left and the democratic stability in Latin America: the ideology of the Bolivarian Revolution and its impact on the political processes in Venezuela and Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Enrique MOLINA V.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the main areas of work in Comparative Politics and Political Theory has been the determination of the variables associated with the stability/instability of political systems in general, and democracy in particular. This paper focuses on one of these variables. One with newly acquired importance after the recent electoral successes by the left, but that nevertheless has not been in the spotlight of scholarly analysis: ideological polarization. Particularly, ideological polarization brought about by the attempt to pursue by the government a leftist political project. The main focus is on the ideological project pursued by the Venezuelan Bolivarian Government and its association with the political instability of 2002 and 2003. The paper considers this topic taken into account mainstream theoretical approaches on political stability, and the experience of previous Latin American leftist governments. The paper reaches the conclusion that in Latin America the attempt to implement a socialist program by a democratically elected government, if it is done without meaningful social and political negotiation, and with authoritarian overtones, is likely to lead to intense political instability and to the ultimate failure of the proposed social change.

  19. Relationship between Democracy and Environmental Governance%民主与环境治理关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓可祝

    2014-01-01

    In our series of political report, we attach great importance to the construction of democracy and the construction of ecological civilization. There is close relationship between democratic construction and envi-ronmental management, so the role of democracy on environmental governance depends on many factors. Through elections, deliberation and participation, the democracy expresses public opinion to the environmental behavior of government and enterprises, thus affecting the effectiveness of environmental governance. There-fore, in order to study the role of democracy in environmental governance in the process, we need to pay atten-tion to the public environmental consciousness, the real effect of the democratic system, the function of the op-eration mechanism of the democratic system on the environment, and at the same time, we also need to pay at-tention to the role of judicial system in environmental governance.%我国的一系列政治报告,都非常重视民主建设和生态文明建设。民主建设与环境治理之间具有密切的联系,民主对环境治理的作用取决于许多因素。民主通过选举、审议和参与,表达了公众对政府和企业环境行为的意见,从而影响到环境治理的效果。要研究民主在环境治理过程中的作用,需要重视公众的环境意识、民主制度真实效果和民主制度的运行机制对环境的作用,同时,也需要重视司法制度环境治理中的作用。

  20. Divided we fall: musical performances show how Democrats and Republicans are talking past one another

    OpenAIRE

    Popescu, Diana

    2016-01-01

    The 2016 election has infiltrated almost all aspects of American life; popular music has been no exception. Diana Popescu recently attended the Desert Trip music festival in California, where artists like Roger Waters railed against the candidacy of Donald Trump, only to be rebuffed by many of Trump’s supporters that were present. She writes that performances – musical or otherwise – like these show how separate Democrats and Republicans have become, and that now more than ever, such forms of...

  1. Representational Models and Democratic Transitions in Fragile and Post-Conflict States

    OpenAIRE

    Jack A. Goldstone

    2011-01-01

    Proposes that poor pre-industrial countries, including those just recovering from or even struggling with violent conflicts, should be encouraged and aided in quickly setting up democratic institutions.Following the fall of the Soviet Union, building democracy in war-torn and corrupt states has offered hope for addressing key problems such as corruption and ineffectiveness.For practical purposes, democracy assistance has generally taken a two-part approach: (1) holding free and fair elections...

  2. Election of the President of the Republic of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turan Yıldırım

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Republic of Turkey Constitution, Article 102 of the governing presidential elections, the Constitutional Court by the elections of deputies at a rate of at least two-thirds needed to join is in the form of comments. This interpretation is in line to cancel the elections and was president of the election crisis. Following this interpretation of the Constitutional Court, replaces the Constitution, the President elected by the people and the future is envisaged to create a system to other problems are. This work is transferred only to the Constitution and the regulations to indicate problems that may arise. Especially in the field of public support with a strong president of the Council of Ministers and the Parliament would be likely to come out fighting.

  3. Weather conditions and political party vote share in Dutch national parliament elections, 1971-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisinga, Rob; Te Grotenhuis, Manfred; Pelzer, Ben

    2012-11-01

    Inclement weather on election day is widely seen to benefit certain political parties at the expense of others. Empirical evidence for this weather-vote share hypothesis is sparse however. We examine the effects of rainfall and temperature on share of the votes of eight political parties that participated in 13 national parliament elections, held in the Netherlands from 1971 to 2010. This paper merges the election results for all Dutch municipalities with election-day weather observations drawn from all official weather stations well distributed over the country. We find that the weather parameters affect the election results in a statistically and politically significant way. Whereas the Christian Democratic party benefits from substantial rain (10 mm) on voting day by gaining one extra seat in the 150-seat Dutch national parliament, the left-wing Social Democratic (Labor) and the Socialist parties are found to suffer from cold and wet conditions. Cold (5°C) and rainy (10 mm) election day weather causes the latter parties to lose one or two parliamentary seats.

  4. American’s Energy Future: An Analysis of the Proposed Energy Policy Plans in Presidential Election

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Hsun Cheng

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available As the leader of the largest economy, President of the United States has substantive influence on addressing climate change problems. However, a presidential election is often dominated by issues other than energy problems. This paper focuses on the 2016 presidential election, and examines the energy plans proposed by the leading Democrat and Republican candidates. Our data from the Iowa caucus survey in January 2016 suggests that voters were more concerned about terrorism and economic issues than environmental issues. We then compare the Democratic and Republican candidate’s view of America’s energy future, and evaluate their proposed renewable energy targets. We find that the view on renewable energy is polarized between Democratic and Republican candidates, while candidates from both parties agree on the need for energy efficiency. Results from our ordinal least squares regression models suggests that Democratic candidates have moderate to ambitious goals for developing solar and other renewables. The Republican candidates favor fossil fuels and they choose not to provide any specific target for developing renewable energy. In addition, this trend of party polarization has grown more significant when compared with the past three presidential elections. Our observation suggests that energy policies need to be discussed more often regarding the diversification and decarbonization of the nation’s energy system.

  5. The impact of middle-class consumption on democratization in Northeast Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Marmino, Marc E.

    2016-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Despite four decades of astonishing economic growth, China’s authoritarian government remains firmly entrenched in power. This fact challenges modernization theory, which anticipates that as countries become wealthier they will also become more democratic. This thesis proposes that middle-class consumption is a missing variable in the causal chain for democratization in Northeast Asian countries under authoritarian control. The study e...

  6. Presidential Election in Afghanistan: Democracy in the Making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahabuddin Ra’ees

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: In accordance with Article 4 of the Bonn Agreement, the presidential election in Afghanistan was held on October 9, 2004. The election was a “real departure” from Afghanistan’s past and ushered in a legitimate constitutional system of governance. Hamid Karzai was elected the President and thus resulted in what can be called the “Pashtun comeback,” not “Pashtun dominance,” to the helm of power. The election, contrary to expectations, was not marred by ethnic, ideological and linguistic cleavages so characteristics of the Afghan society. Karzai’s government will be better advised to facilitate the creation of a “balanced party system” in Afghanistan.

  7. Pension Fund - ELECTIONS - Irene SEIS

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    CERN - EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH PENSION FUND   This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate: Name: SEIS First Name : Irene Our Pension Fund (that of CERN and ESO personnel) is for most of us the only social protection when we retire. Its purpose is to give us a pension, which permits to maintain a certain standard of living for us, and for our dependants. I have worked in the Governing Board of the Pension Fund, as well as in numerous working groups on pension matters, since 11 years, either in my role as a Staff Association delegate, or as a member of the Governing Board. In both environments, I defend the principles of solidarity, which are part of our social security system, and I stand up for maintaining its primary principle, being a defined benefit scheme. Another of my preoccupations is the long-term future of the fund, including the gu...

  8. The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    Seko began in the city of Goma in the mid-1990s. The second rebellion in the late 1990s began also in eastern Congo. The root causes of the current...Democratic Rally (RCD- Goma ), the Movement for the Congolese Liberation (MLC), and representatives of the unarmed political groups. The agreement...from the border until a solution is found. In January 2007, several dozen rebel groups and the DRC government signed the Goma Accord, primarily

  9. Uncertified Presidential Election Results Allegheny County General Election

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset contains uncertified data we compiled since the 2004 general election containing vote totals for presidential candidates by Allegheny County Election...

  10. Transnational Governance and Constitutionalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Joerges, Christian; Sand, Inger-Johanne; Teubner, Gunther

    The term transnational governance designates untraditional types of international and regional collaboration among both public and private actors. These legally-structured or less formal arrangements link economic, scientific and technological spheres with political and legal processes......, supranational nor totally denationalised. It is neither arbitrary nor accidental that we present our inquiries into this phenomenon in the series of International Studies on Private Law Theory....... of democratic governance. The book refers to this term as a yardstick to which then contributors feel committed even where they plead for a reconceptualisation of constitutionalism or a discussion of its functional equivalents. 'Transnational governance' is neither public nor private, nor purely international...

  11. Radical democratic politics and feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Labrin, Soledad

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available In the article I present a reflection around the radical democratic project proposed by Chantal Mouffe and Ernesto Laclau. Specifically, I examine the application of the project in the context of the “new social movements” and especially, of feminist movement. I state the need of drawing attention to universalism and essentialism as the main obstacles to generate a collective proposal without margins. Nevertheless, doubts remind about the possibility of building up a feminism tailored by the radical democratic project, in a stage in which the political action of such a movement is characterized by categories that are closed and crystallized

  12. Using John Rawls to Teach the Limits of Majority Power in a Democratic Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinson, David L.

    2006-01-01

    One of the most perplexing quandaries that has continually confronted proponents of democratic governance centers around the question of how to protect the right of the majority to govern while simultaneously protecting the fundamental rights of those who are, at least temporarily, in the minority (Martinson 1996, 163). The author of this paper…

  13. Intermediate Conditions of Democratic Accountability: A Response to Electoral Skepticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. S. Maloy

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Attempts to respond to “democratic deficits” in modern constitutional republics must contend with the broad scholarly trend of electoral skepticism. While generally casting doubt on periodic competitive elections’ suitability as vehicles of accountability, electoral skepticism does not necessarily entail an absolute devaluation of elections. Some normative and empirical research responds to this trend by refocusing attention on values other than popular power, such as civil peace, which might be served by periodic competitive elections. Another response short of abandoning the value of popular power, however, is to draw out possibilities for institutional design from the restricted conditions under which previous study has found electoral accountability to be plausible or likely. This second task requires an empirically informed exercise in political theory. Pursuing it in a programmatic and policy-relevant way requires descending from the grand, systemic level of constitutional structures and electoral formulae to intermediate (or middle-range institutional conditions of accountability, such as rules about parties, campaigns, and election administration. My analysis reinterprets principal-agent models to develop four general types of crucial condition for electoral accountability, and then ramifies this scheme by reference to recent empirical research. The result is a “top ten” list of specific institutional factors that could be theoretically decisive in helping or hindering electoral accountability. These ten conditions could guide future research designs and reform proposals alike.

  14. Elections From Afar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER; JETT

    2008-01-01

    Packed into a Beijing cafe on November 5, 6,000 miles and 16 hours away from the U. S. presidential election, the crowd excitedly began counting down the seconds until Wes Coast polls closed: 10,9,8 Earlier voter surveys had shown Barack Obama would win California, Oregon and Washington by wide margins. Together with the states he had already won, these states would give him more than enough electoral votes. As soon as the countdown ended, up flashed on the TV screen: "Barack Obama Elected President."

  15. Development of Geospatial Map Based Election Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, A. Kumar Chandra; Kumar, P.; Vasanth Kumar, N.

    2014-11-01

    The Geospatial Delhi Limited (GSDL), a Govt. of NCT of Delhi Company formed in order to provide the geospatial information of National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCTD) to the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) and its organs such as DDA, MCD, DJB, State Election Department, DMRC etc., for the benefit of all citizens of Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD). This paper describes the development of Geospatial Map based Election portal (GMEP) of NCT of Delhi. The portal has been developed as a map based spatial decision support system (SDSS) for pertain to planning and management of Department of Chief Electoral Officer, and as an election related information searching tools (Polling Station, Assembly and parliamentary constituency etc.,) for the citizens of NCTD. The GMEP is based on Client-Server architecture model. It has been developed using ArcGIS Server 10.0 with J2EE front-end on Microsoft Windows environment. The GMEP is scalable to enterprise SDSS with enterprise Geo Database & Virtual Private Network (VPN) connectivity. Spatial data to GMEP includes delimited precinct area boundaries of Voters Area of Polling stations, Assembly Constituency, Parliamentary Constituency, Election District, Landmark locations of Polling Stations & basic amenities (Police Stations, Hospitals, Schools and Fire Stations etc.). GMEP could help achieve not only the desired transparency and easiness in planning process but also facilitates through efficient & effective tools for management of elections. It enables a faster response to the changing ground realities in the development planning, owing to its in-built scientific approach and open-ended design.

  16. The possible contribution of civil society in the moral edification of South African society: The example of the ‘United Democratic Front’ and the ‘Treatment Action Campaign’ (1983–2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakobus M. Vorster

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In spite of much candid protest and overt criticism against the service delivery record and corruption of the South African government, the governing party, the African National Congress (ANC, once again secured a persuasive victory in the 2014 national elections. This situation begs the question whether the ballot box is really the only efficient instrument for disgruntled voters to influence government policy and behaviour. This article examines the possibilities that the mobilisation of civil society offers in this regard. The central theoretical argument is that civil society can be an important instrument through which the citizenry can exercise their critical function with regard to the government in an effort to address poor service delivery and corruption and to influence government policy. Christian organisations can play a crucial role in this process. Two examples of past efficient action by civil society serve to illustrate this argument. With the assistance of churches and Christian organisations,these organisations profoundly influenced government policy and are consequently presented as models for action today. The first example is the ‘United Democratic Front’ (UDF that forced the pre-1994 South African apartheid government to a negotiated settlement despite the strict security laws that the state utilised to keep the UDF in check. The second example is the ‘Treatment Action Campaign’ (TAC that forced the post-1994 Thabo Mbeki government to adopt a policy of free provision of antiretroviral drugs to HIV-positive patients. These two influential civil organisations offer models of how civil society can act as critical watchdog. In future, these models can be used to mobilise civil society, including churches and Christian organisations, to act correctively in defining and enacting government policy, despite the ANC’s strong position in government and the large majority that the governing party can secure at the voting

  17. Free Elections and Democracy Consolidation in Post-Communist Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena-Valeria Stuparu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting from theoretical assumptions confronted with several aspects of the political and electoral system, in this study I intend to highlight the link between free elections and consolidation of democratic regime in Romania after 1989. Despite the dysfunctions, after 25 years it can be noticed the existence of a political culture of supporting the new regime and this is visible in the multiparty system and public debate, in the diversity of citizen’s choices expressed in votes for their representatives.

  18. Democratization of Learning through Thematic Assignment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medellu, Christophil S.; Lumingkewas, S.; Walangitan, J. F.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the results of research on learning democratization in Sangihe. This study is the first year of a five-year plan. Long-term goal of this research is to create the democratic science learning in schools. Democratic learning model was developed through thematic assignment, involving the participation of parents and…

  19. 2014 Election forecast - a post-election analysis

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ittmann, HW

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available . This election forecasting model had been used successfully for a number of elections in the past and in these previous elections, with around 5% {10% of the results available, the predictions produced by the model were very close to the final outcome...

  20. The 2014 Elections and the Brazilian Party System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Ranulfo Melo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian party system presents a paradox. Although the Workers Party (PT and the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB have controlled presidential elections for the last 20 years, their force at the other levels of electoral competition has not grown. The objective of this study is to undertake a discussion of this situation through the 2014 general elections. After attempting to explain why successive challengers have not been able to change the structure of competition for the Brazilian presidency, I will analyze the relation established between the pattern observed at this level and the other “connected” electoral disputes—both those for state executive and federal legislative office. The general conclusion is that even if the pattern continues, it is quite improbable that this will significantly impact the other levels of national political party competition.

  1. Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    Elections to fill all seats in the Staff Council are being organized this month. The voting takes place from the 31st of October to the 14th of November, at noon. As you may have noted when reading Echo, many issues concerning our employment conditions are on the agenda of the coming months and will keep the next Staff Council very busy. So, make your voice heard and take part in the elections for a new Staff Council. By doing so, you will be encouraging the men and women who will be representing you over the next two years and they will doubtless appreciate your gratitude. Every member of the Staff Association will have received an email containing a link to the webpage which will allow voting. If you are a member of the Staff Association and you did not receive such an email, please contact the Staff Association secretariat (staff.association@cern.ch). Do not forget to vote * * * * * * * Vote Make your voice heard and be many to elect the new Staff Council. More details on the election...

  2. AGU elects 1989 Fellows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twenty-two distinguished scientists have been elected Fellows of the Union. Fellows are scientists who are judged by their peers as having attained ackowledged eminence in a branch of geophysics. The number of Fellows elected each year is limited to 0.1 % of the total membership at the time of election. The newly elected Fellows are Walter Alvarez, University of California, Berkeley; John R. Booker, University of Washington, Seattle; Peter G. Brewer, Woods Hole Oceanographie Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.; Michael H. Carr, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, Calif.; Gedeon Dagan, Tel Aviv University, Israel; James H. Dieterich, USGS, Menlo Park; Thomas Dunne, University of Washington, Seattle; Jack Fooed Evernden, USGS, Menlo Park; Edward A. Flinn, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C.; Arnold L. Gordon, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Palisades, N.Y.; Gerhard Haerendel, Max Planck Institut, Garching, Federal Republic of Germany; David L. Kohlstedt, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.; Robert A. Langel, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD; James G. Moore, USGS, Menlo Park; Marcia Neugebauer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Robert C. Newton, University of Chicago, Illinois; John A. Orcutt, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif.; Robert B. Smith, University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Bengt U. Sonnerup, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.; Martin A. Uman, University of Florida, Gainesville; Joe Veverka, Cornell University; and James C.G. Walker, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

  3. Children's Right to Democratic Upbringings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Marita

    2005-01-01

    Western preschools and schools find it important to nurture democracy. However, in order to succeed in nurturing democracy, democratic ideas must be implemented in all situations. Education alone, therefore, is not enough. All children must experience real influence over their situations, and experience the opportunity for self-determination in…

  4. Deliberative Democratic Evaluation in Preschools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hreinsdottir, Anna Magnea; Davidsdottir, Sigurlina

    2012-01-01

    In this study, the merit of using deliberative democratic evaluations is studied in light of ten questions asked by House and Howe, which defined the approach and raise issues of interests, representation, and choice of stakeholders, power balances and procedures for controlling them, participation, reflection and deliberation. Suggestions by…

  5. Matryoshka of Special Democratic Forms

    CERN Document Server

    Devchand, Chandrashekar; Weingart, Gregor

    2008-01-01

    Special p-forms are forms which have components \\phi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_p} equal to +1,-1 or 0 in some orthonormal basis. A p-form \\phi\\in \\Lambda^p R^d is called democratic if the set of nonzero components {\\phi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_p}} is symmetric under the transitive action of a subgroup of O(d,Z) on the indices {1,...,d}. Knowledge of these symmetry groups allows us to define mappings of special democratic p-forms in d dimensions to special democratic P-forms in D dimensions for successively higher P \\geq p and D \\geq d. In particular, we display a remarkable nested stucture of special forms including a U(3)-invariant 2-form in six dimensions, a G_2-invariant 3-form in seven dimensions, a Spin(7)-invariant 4-form in eight dimensions and a special democratic 6-form \\Omega in ten dimensions. The latter has the remarkable property that its contraction with one of five distinct bivectors, yields, in the orthogonal eight dimensions, the Spin(7)-invariant 4-form. We discuss various properties of this ten dimensional form.

  6. BRICS Countries and Democratic Contagion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Bruno

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article explores whether the interstate dynamics of the BRICS can activate those processes of convergence of politicalregimes and practices known as “democratic contagion.” As this contagion was experienced during the “third wave” ofdemocratization, mainly because of homogeneity among states and structural conditions for democratic attraction, theBRICS are not likely to repeat these dynamics. On the contrary, the only real constitutional homogeneity among the BRICScountries is the standard of non-interference in the internal affairs of each member. Non-interference also means abstainingfrom any initiative to condition the transformation of political regimes in consideration of the same interstate cooperation. Thedynamics of the BRICS shows that different political regimes can promote institutionalized forms of interstate cooperationwithout any mutual contamination at the constitutional level. The theories of “transition” and “democratic contagion” areinsufficient to understand these dynamics in the context of the BRICS; for this reason, the theory of democratic transitioncannot provide an adequate analysis of BRICS. With its members “split in unity,” as an institution the BRICS suggests anevolution toward a model of “not eurocentric dependence” that can overcome the “peripheral realism” of the role of eachstate in its own foreign policy.

  7. Electives in Graduate Medical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Santosh; Zayapragassarazan, Z.

    2013-01-01

    Modern curricula have both compulsory portions and electives or portions chosen by students. Electives have been a part of graduate and postgraduate general higher education. Electives are included in various standards for graduate medical education and are also included in proposed Medical Council of India Regulations on Graduate Medical…

  8. Migrația primarilor și efectele ei electorale: alegerile din România (2014. (The Effects of Mayors Switching Parties on the 2014 Romanian Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelian GIUGĂL

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In 2014, between the two electoral ballots, the European Parliamentary elections and presidential elections respectively, as a consequence of an Emergency Government Ordinance, the mayors were able to move from one party to another without losing their mayor position, as it was ruled in the electoral law. Thereby, almost 20 per cent from the total number of the mayors have chosen to migrate, especially towards the social-democrats. In the present article we investigate the change of the electoral behaviour based on this political exodus. Using electoral data at the European Parliamentary and presidential elections held in 2014, in this study shows the significant role which is played by the mayors in shaping the electoral behaviour, especially in small underdeveloped rural communities. The electoral results indicate the fact that the key role of the mayors is more obvious in South and East Romanian localities and far more insignificant in the Centre and Western regions of the country. Accordingly, this study points towards the need for new and more complex investigations that incorporate ecological data in reaching their conclusions.

  9. Institutionalizing interactive governance for democracy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Eva

    2013-01-01

    . There is less certainty about their impact on democracy. Many governance researchers worry that networks and partnerships will end up reducing the level of democratic inclusion, deliberation and accountability in the political system because they demand a low level of formal or ‘hard’ institutionalization. Neo......-institutional theory points out, however, the considerable regulatory impact of ‘soft’ forms of institutionalization such as incentives structures, sedimented normative codes, logics of appropriateness and routinized practices. The article explores the role that soft forms of institutionalization might play...... in ensuring democratic inclusion, deliberation and accountability in relation to interactive governance arenas and considers how they can be used to enhance the democratic quality of such arenas through metagovernance....

  10. Spirituality for democracy: Spiritual resources for democratic participation in the 21st century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roderick R. Hewitt

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The topic invites us to explore spirituality for democracy and to identify and critique the spiritual resources that are needed for democratic participation in the 21st century. The statement specifically focused on for and not of democracy. Modern expressions of democracy are in crisis. Every context is teething with challenges and conflicts between government sand their citizens concerning how much influence through participation should be allowed in the decision-making process of governance. This topic is of extreme importance for academic discourse because the malaise that has crept into contemporary forms of democratic governance calls for urgent attention. Democratic forms of governance are not set in stone. Rather, they are formed as a result of human deliberation and praxis and cultural developments and must therefore remain open for further reformation. It is this intrinsic capacity for renewal that opens democracy to converse with spirituality. This article begins with identifying the key terms that constitute the academic building blocks of this study. The inherent contradictions in the use of these terms are noted in order to arrive at a theoretical construct to converse with the key concepts of spirituality, democracy, spiritual resources and democratic participation.Through the use of the post colonial lenses of Rastafari hermeneutics, a theoretical framework will be employed to map a life-giving path for contemporary expressions of spirituality for democracy and to identify the resources needed for democratic participation.

  11. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND 5th candidate

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate :  Name : Sonnemann  First Name : Florian Since my arrival at CERN in 1997 I have worked in the accelerator and administrative sectors. I have recently been elected as member of the Staff Council and of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association in which I am actively following matters concerning the Pension Fund. My candidature for the Governing Board of the CERN Pension Fund is mainly motivated to add my part in ensuring a solid financial situation of the Pension Fund. The Pension Fund is our only social security system. I wish to play a role in ensuring that the pensions will remain a secure revenue for all staff membe...

  12. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NR 5

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate :  Name : Sonnemann  First Name : Florian Since my arrival at CERN in 1997 I have worked in the accelerator and administrative sectors. I have recently been elected as member of the Staff Council and of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association in which I am actively following matters concerning the Pension Fund. My candidature for the Governing Board of the CERN Pension Fund is mainly motivated to add my part in ensuring a solid financial situation of the Pension Fund. The Pension Fund is our only social security system. I wish to play a role in ensuring that the pensions will remain a secure revenue for all staff membe...

  13. Before and After: The 2008 Election and the Second “Solid South”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James B. Cobb

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available When the general election campaign began in the fall of 2008, few expected Barack Obama to make much of a showing in the overwhelmingly republican South. Yet as the first African American to head a major party ticket, Obama did strikingly well in a region not particularly known for its recent sympathies for white Democrats, much less black ones. The South’s somewhat surprising role in the 2008 presidential election can best be appreciated in the context of a regional political tradition which, since the end of Reconstruction, has been marked less by true two-party competition than sustained periods of domination by each.

  14. Equation of States for Elections

    CERN Document Server

    Jin, Bih-Yaw

    2012-01-01

    In the US 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama was elected as the 44th president of United States, winning the 53% of popular votes and 68% of electoral votes; in the election of 2000, Al Gore lost the election receiving 49 % of electoral votes, although he had more popular votes. It is generally believed that the electoral votes and the popular votes are correlated; however the detailed quantitative relationship for these two quantities is unclear. Here, we found an interesting relationship between fractions of electoral votes and fractions of popular votes in the presidential elections of the United States by examining the election results from 1932 to 2004. Moreover, this curve could provide an interesting explanation for the results of other elections that have taken place in Taiwan.

  15. Election IAPSM UPUK 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Secretary IAPSMUPUK

    2016-01-01

    As per the constitution of IAPSM UPUK, all the members of IAPSM UPUK are hereby informed that Nomination Form for the election of Office Bearers of IAPSM UPUK is now available on the official website (www.iapsmupuk.org). The interested candidates can send their duly filled nomination form for the election of the following posts of IAPSM UP & UK state chapter for the session 2017 – 2018.Secretary:                             01 PostVice - President:                  01 PostChief Editor:   ...

  16. How Sustainable is Democratic Innovation? Tracking Neighborhood Councils in Montevideo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uwe Serdült

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Focusing on the relatively longstanding experience of neighborhood councils in the Uruguayan capital of Montevideo (1993–, this research note seeks to analyze how sustainable democratic innovation is and to explain subsequent results. Sustainability is assessed through the evolution of citizens’ participation in elections and through the number of candidates who apply to become neighborhood councilors. For both indicators, a consistent decline in the levels of participation over time is found. This is deemed to be a consequence of an institutional design that seriously limits the performance of neighborhood councils in terms of their influence in the decision-making process and their acquisition of legitimacy and political capital.

  17. And after the elections!

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    What happens to the newly elected, and the re-elected delegates after the election of the new Staff Council? (see Écho No 47-48 / 2016). It is the outgoing Staff Council which is responsible for preparing the new staff representatives to take on their new roles. To do this, information days are organized in the form of assizes. This year they took place on November 23 in the afternoon; as well as on November 24, bringing together the new Staff Council. These days mainly aim to inform delegates about the role of the Staff Association (SA) at CERN, ist the organs, committees, forums, etc.; with whom the SA interacts, how the work of the Staff Association is organization, the issues on which it works (e.g., the Five-Yearly Review..). These days are like a kind of "induction". Inform, but not only! Assizes are also aiming to integrate the newcomers, inviting them to discover the various internal committees of the SA, explaining to them the challenges ahead as well as defining the act...

  18. 论当代中国民主发展的五个战略问题%Discusses about the Development of Contemporary China Democratic Five Strategic Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛东进

    2012-01-01

    当代中国的民主发展必须在以下五个战略问题上达成共识:一是坚持走中国特色的社会主义民主道路,二是坚持"渐变式"的民主发展方式,三是把基层民主建设作为当代中国民主建设的基本路径选择,四是把竞争性民主选举当做当代中国民主发展的突破口,五是要把破除民主发展中的文化障碍当做民主系统建设的基础工程。%The contemporary democratic development in China has reached a common sense in the following five strategies: first is to insist the road of socialist democracy characterized with Chinese features.Second is to insist the gradually changing democratic development mode.Third is to take the base democratic construction as the basic road for contemporary Chinese democratic construction.Fourth,the competitive democratic election is taken as the breakthrough of contemporary democratic development.Fifth is to take the cultural obstacles in breaking democratic development as the foundation of democratic system construction.

  19. The Refugee Crisis as a European Democratic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chryssoula Kapartziani

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The institutional European Union is facing two types of crisis. On the one hand, it needs to manage the current refugee’s influx efficiently and on the other hand it needs to deal with the democratic deficit that emerged by Europe’s incapacity to make the required decisions and gain the justification of its actions from its own people. This article aims firstly to highlight the legal framework (rule of law that governs the asylum and migration procedures as well as the democratic gap that these provisions created in the different member states, as a crystal clear example of how a national competence became supranational. Furthermore, it illustrates the refugee profile, as a human being with acquired human rights through the theories of H. Arendt and the U. Beck. Lastly, the cosmopolitan approach is suggested in order to overcome the refugee crisis but a well-established integration should be the long term goal of Europe.

  20. Democratic Public Discourse in the Coming Autarchic Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe-Ilie Farte

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this article is to tackle the problem of living together – as dignified human beings – in a certain territory in the field of social philosophy, on the theoretical grounding ensured by some remarkable exponents of the Austrian School − and by means of the praxeologic method. Because political tools diminish the human nature not only of those who use them, but also of those who undergo their effects, people can live a life worthy of a human being only as members of some autarchic or self-governing communities. As a spontaneous order, every autarchic community is inherently democratic, inasmuch as it makes possible free involvement, peaceful coordination, free expression and the free reproduction of ideas. The members of autarchic communities are moral individuals who avoid aggression, practice self-control, seek a dynamical efficiency and establish (together with their fellow human beings a democratic public discourse.

  1. African Governments’ Response to Insurgency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    guns .”114 The Sudanese support for the LRA amounted to a virtual proxy war between the two countries. This mutually subversive support continued...clerics have preached their intolerant and violent variations of the religion in Northern Nigeria and their teachings have maintained a small but... religion . When the ruling generals agreed to a new constitution and democratic elections in 1999, northern leaders quickly renewed their call for

  2. Receptivity, possibility, and democratic politics

    OpenAIRE

    Kompridis, Nikolas

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I present a model of receptivity that is composed of ontological and normative dimensions, which I argue answer to the critical-diagnostic and to the possibility-disclosing needs of democratic politics. I distinguish between ‘pre-reflective receptivity,’ understood ontologically as a condition of intelligibility, and ‘reflective receptivity,’ understood normatively as a condition of disclosing new possibilities.Keywords: receptivity; change; possibility; critique; reflective dis...

  3. Environmental Factors Influencing Corporate Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araniyar C. Isukul

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available With the enthronement of democratic governance in Nigeria, there is the expectation that democracy would strengthen political institutions, regulatory institutions, and governance effectively, and by so doing, create an enabling environment for good corporate governance practices to thrive. This research uses data from World Bank Governance indicators for three countries, Nigeria, South Africa, and Egypt, and examines how institutional quality has changed from 1996 to 2012. The research methodology used in investigating this research is a cross-country research analysis. The findings of this research reveal that the adoption of democratic institutions has not significantly increased the institutional quality of political and regulatory institutions in Nigeria. On the contrary, there has been an increasing trend of political instability and violence; however, there appears to be significant improvement in freedom of the press, democracy has allowed pressed freedom to thrive.

  4. Social bots distort the 2016 U.S. Presidential election online discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Bessi, Alessandro; Ferrara, Emilio

    2016-01-01

    Social media have been extensively praised for increasing democratic discussion on social issues related to policy and politics. However, what happens when this powerful communication tools are exploited to manipulate online discussion, to change the public perception of political entities, or even to try affecting the outcome of political elections? In this study we investigated how the presence of social media bots, algorithmically driven entities that on the surface appear as legitimate us...

  5. Covering post-conflict elections: challenges for the media in central Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Frère, Marie-Soleil

    2011-01-01

    In the past ten years, elections were held in six countries of Central Africa experiencing "post-conflict" situations. The polls that took place in Burundi (2005), the Central African Republic (2005), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2006), Congo-Brazzaville (2002, 2007), Chad (1996, 2001, 2006) and Rwanda (2003) were crucial for peace-building. In some cases, they were widely supported and supervised by the international community, being considered the last step of a peace process and t...

  6. Democratic values, emotions and emotivism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vranić Bojan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore the relation between democratic values and emotions. The author argues that democratic values and emotional judgments are inter-reducible: political agents use emotional judgments to reflexively evaluate normative paradigms of political life. In the first part of the paper, the author describes the state of emotions in contemporary political philosophy and identifies Charles Stevenson’s ethical conception of emotivism as the first comprehensive attempt to neutrally conceptualize emotions in moral and political thinking. The second part of the paper explores the shortcomings of emotivism and finds an adequate alternative in Martha Nussbaum’s concept of emotional judgment as the one that contains beliefs and values about social objects. In the final part of the paper, the author identifies that moral and political disagreements emerge in democracies from ranking of the importance of political objects. The evaluation criteria for this type of ranking is derived from democratic values which are reducible to agents’ emotional judgments. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179076

  7. Government Control of the Media

    OpenAIRE

    Scott Gehlbach; Konstantin Sonin

    2008-01-01

    We present a formal model of government control of the media to illuminate variation in media freedom across countries and over time, with particular application to less democratic states. The extent of media freedom depends critically on two variables: the mobilizing character of the government and the size of the advertising market. Media bias is greater and state ownership of the media more likely when the need for mobilization is large; however, the distinction between state and private m...

  8. Regulations on Open Government Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YOU XUEYUN

    2007-01-01

    @@ On April 24, 2007 the State Council promulgated Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Open Government Information (referred to as Regulations below), which will become effective on May 1, 2008. As the first administrative rule of the central government of China that aims to safeguard the public's right to know, the Regulations are of great significance in China's democratization and its establishment of the rule of law.

  9. Democratic Government”, Interest Groups and American Trade Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhanyu Dong

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The study of American trade politics is of great significance when interpreting U.S.A. trade policies and understanding China-U.S.A. trade relations. In order to explain the mechanism of American trade politics, this paper constructs a new analytical framework of “democratic government-interest groups”, which argues that U.S.A. trade policies are not only the choices made by the democratic government between state interests and political private benefits, but also the outcomes of interaction between the U.S.A. government and interest groups. The case study of the U.S.A. trade policies toward China since the new century also demonstrates how the interaction between the government and interest groups ultimately shapes trade policies. Therefore, we need to understand the logic of American trade politics, generate more mutual benefits for our two countries, and work together to promote the bilateral free trade as well as the bilateral relations between China and the U.S.A.

  10. Teaching Politics in Secondary Education: Analyzing Instructional Methods from the 2008 Presidential Election

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journell, Wayne

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the instructional methods of four high school government teachers during their coverage of the 2008 presidential election. By analyzing the ways in which these teachers attempted to generate interest in the election and further their students' conceptualization of politics, the author seeks to better understand political…

  11. What's Ahead for Education after the 2012 Election. Education Outlook. No. 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    McShane, Michael Q.; Lautzenheiser, Daniel; Deane, KC; Kimmel, Allison

    2012-01-01

    Although education policy has seen much change and activity in the last four years, newly elected and veteran leaders will encounter three key trends following the 2012 election: the federal government's lack of K-12 funding now that the stimulus dollars of the last few years have dried up; a split in the Republican Party concerning education…

  12. 2011 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    Vote Elections to fill all seats in the Staff Council are being organized this month. Voting will begin on Monday 31 October. Make your voice heard and be many to elect the new Staff Council. By doing so, you will be encouraging the men and women who will  represent you over the next two years and they will doubtless appreciate your gratitude. More details on the elections can be found on the Staff Association web site. (http://association.web.cern.ch) Elections Timetable Monday 31 October, at noon start date for voting Monday 14 November, at noon closing date for voting Monday 21 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 22 and Wednesday 29 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 6 December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure is monitored by the Election Committee. 

  13. 2015 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Document Server

    Staff Asscociation

    2015-01-01

    Make your voice heard, support your candidates! Be many to vote and to elect the new Staff Council. By doing so, you will be encouraging the men and women who will represent you over the next two years and they will without doubt appreciate your gratitude. The voting takes place from the 26th of October to the 9th of November, at noon at https://ap-vote.web.cern.ch/elections-2015.   Elections Timetable Monday 9 November, at noon Closing date for voting Monday 16 and Monday 23 November, publication of the results in Echo Tuesday 8 December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure will be monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 16 and 24 November. Candidates for the 2015 elections

  14. Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the State?: National machineries

    OpenAIRE

    Rai, Shirin M

    2003-01-01

    Democratization has become an important concept in the last ten years. With the end of the Cold War, the spread of globalization, and the extension of economic regulatory regimes, democratization has come to be seen as important to securing long-term political stability. Much has been written about democratization and gender in works on human rights, citizenship, women's movements and challenges to authoritarian regimes. This book, published in association with the United Nations, builds on t...

  15. On Leader Green Election

    OpenAIRE

    Cichon, Jacek; Kapelko, Rafal; Markiewicz, Dominik

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the number of survivors in the Leader Green Election (LGE) algorithm introduced by P. Jacquet, D. Milioris and P. Muhlethaler in 2013. Our method is based on the Rice method and gives quite precise formulas. We derive upper bounds on the number of survivors in this algorithm and we propose a proper use of LGE. Finally, we discuss one property of a general urns and balls problem and show a lower bound for a required number of rounds for a large class of distributed leader electi...

  16. Muslim Politics in Malaysia and the Democratization Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Thaib

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article will address the Muslim politics in Malaysia in the light of the broader shifts towards democratization and Islamization by focusing on politics among the majority ethnic Malay community, followed an overview of the ideological rivalry between UMNO and PAS, with special reference to the electoral performances of these parties in the past three general elections (November 1999, March 2004 and March 2008 . It then explores the underlying reason for the perceived importance of Islam in understanding the voting trend among the Malay-Muslim electorate which raised the question to what extent was the discourse on Islam instrumental in persuading the Malays to switch their support from PAS to the UMNO during the 2004 elections, and in the process of continued participation as an ‘Islamic Party’ in Malaysian mainstream politics what factors were that encouraged the PAS leaders to compromises and to play by the ‘rule of democracy’. In the concluding part of the article the writer also provide with an overview on reform agenda of Civilizational Islam (Islam Hadhari under premiership of Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and the current Malaysia’s Transformation Programme (GTP under the leadership of Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak.

  17. Government Life Expectancy and Fiscal Discipline

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fortunato, David; Loftis, Matthew

    2017-01-01

    We argue that government instability in parliamentary democracies increases public spending by driving a political business cycle. This rethinking of the standard political business cycle model for parliamentary systems relaxes the common (often implicit) assumption that election timing is fixed ...

  18. The Re-election of the Indonesian President: Reasons and Background Präsidentschaftswahlen in Indonesien: Ursachen und Hintergründe zur Wiederwahl Susilo Bambang Yudhoyonos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Ziegenhain

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Incumbent president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY was re-elected as Indonesian president in the elections on 8 July 2009 with over 60 per cent of the votes. The reasons for the victory were his relatively successful economic policies, his efforts in the fight against corruption, and the poor quality of his political opponents. The retired general made a military career under the authoritarian New Order and then became a politician after democratisation started in 1998. In 2004, he was elected president with the support of Islamic parties, which he then included in his government. As a person close to the military, SBY avoided reducing the privileges of the Armed Forces and thus democratic deepening has been stalled. However, there are good chances that economic progress and political stability will prevail during his second term. Der amtierende Präsident Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono wurde in der Wahl am 8. Juli 2009 mit über 60% der Stimmen wiedergewählt. Gründe für den Wahlsieg waren seine relativ erfolgreiche Wirtschaftspolitik, seine Bemühungen im Kampf gegen die Korruption, aber auch die wenig Erfolg versprechenden Gegenkandidaten. Der General im Ruhestand machte unter der autoritären Neuen Ordnung Karriere bei den Streitkräften und wurde nach dem Beginn des Demokratisierungsprozesses im Jahr 1998 Politiker. Im Jahr 2004 wurde er mit der Unterstützung der islamischen Parteien zum Präsidenten Indonesiens gewählt. Als eine dem Militär nahestehende Person vermied er, die Privilegien der Streitkräfte zu reduzieren, was die Qualität der Demokratie nicht erhöhte. Dennoch stehen die Chancen gut, dass in seiner zweiten Amtszeit wirtschaftlicher Aufschwung und politische Stabilität anhalten werden.

  19. Establishing local government in fragile states: experimental evidence from Afghanistan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Jochem; I. Murtazashvili; J. Murtazashvili

    2016-01-01

    International and domestic policy makers often promote elections to establish village government in fragile states. However, two additional options are available in such countries: formalization of self-governing village councils and formalization of community development councils (CDCs). We designe

  20. Neurodynamics of an election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Armando Freitas; Rocha, Fábio Theoto; Burattini, Marcelo Nascimento; Massad, Eduardo

    2010-09-10

    Variables influencing decision-making in real settings, as in the case of voting decisions, are uncontrollable and in many times even unknown to the experimenter. In this case, the experimenter has to study the intention to decide (vote) as close as possible in time to the moment of the real decision (election day). Here, we investigated the brain activity associated with the voting intention declared 1 week before the election day of the Brazilian Firearms Control Referendum about prohibiting the commerce of firearms. Two alliances arose in the Congress to run the campaigns for YES (for the prohibition of firearm commerce) and NO (against the prohibition of firearm commerce) voting. Time constraints imposed by the necessity of studying a reasonable number (here, 32) of voters during a very short time (5 days) made the EEG the tool of choice for recording the brain activity associated with voting decision. Recent fMRI and EEG studies have shown decision-making as a process due to the enrollment of defined neuronal networks. In this work, a special EEG technique is applied to study the topology of the voting decision-making networks and is compared to the results of standard ERP procedures. The results show that voting decision-making enrolled networks in charge of calculating the benefits and risks of the decision of prohibiting or allowing firearm commerce and that the topology of such networks was vote- (i.e., YES/NO-) sensitive.

  1. Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Elections to fill all seats in the Staff Council are being organized this month. The voting takes place from the 28 of October to the 11th of November, at noon. As you may have noted when reading Echo, many issues concerning our employment conditions are on the agenda of the coming months, and in particular the Five-yearly-Review 2015, subject of the questionnaire that you probably recently filled out. All this will keep the next Staff Council very busy indeed. So, make your voice heard and take part in the elections for a new Staff Council. By doing so, you will be encouraging the men and women who will be representing you over the next two years and they will doubtless appreciate your gratitude. Every member of the Staff Association will have received an email containing a link to the webpage which will allow voting. If you are a member of the Staff Association and you did not receive such an email, please contact the Staff Association secretariat (staff.association@cern.ch). Do not forget to v...

  2. Massachusetts Clean Energy Partnership Project Recognized As an Innovation in Government Finalist

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Ash Center for Democratic Governance & Innovation at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, has recognized the MA Clean Energy Partnership for Wastewater & Drinking Water Facilities project as one of five finalists...

  3. Governing Public Universities in Arab Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ElObeidy, Ahmed A.

    2014-01-01

    Traditionally in Arab public universities, presidents are appointed by government authorities. Recently, in uprising Arab countries universities' presidents have been elected by universities' faculty members. Neither traditional nor self-governance pattern succeeded to modernise Arab universities. Reforming patterns of governance is critical for…

  4. Voter Turnout and the Size of Government

    OpenAIRE

    Aggeborn, Linuz

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the causal link between voter turnout and policy outcomes related to the size of government. Tax rate and public expenditures are the focal policy outcomes in this study. To capture the causal mechanism, Swedish and Finnish municipal data are used and a constitutional change in Sweden in 1970 is applied as an instrument for voter turnout in local elections. In 1970, Sweden moved from having separate election days for different levels of government, among other things, ...

  5. Research on Ethnic Minority Representatives in State Council Agencies During the Period of Nanjing National Government

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Xueyin

    2016-01-01

    China is a multi-ethnic country. From the wuzu gonghe ( Five nationalities under one union ) in the early Republic of China to the current union of 56 ethnic groups, the participation of ethnic minorities in political affairs has always been a vital and important factor for the develop-ment of China’s democratic politics. On one hand, the Nanjing National Government was dedicated to the model of a“civil identification” and weakening ethnic characteristics. On the other hand, due to the immense pressure from the resistance of the Japanese invasion and the increase of minority representatives’ appeals, they had to gradually al-low some ethnic elites, as ethnic minority repre-sentatives, to participate in the national affairs so that they could acquire more political identity. Al-though the government of the Republic of China claimed “Five nationalities under one union” as well as declaring many times to guarantee extensive and orderly ethnic minority participation in national affairs, by analyzing cases of elections in the state council agencies during the period of Nanjing na-tional government, not all the promises were imple-mented. I. The general situation of the elections for ethnic minority representatives in the state council agencies. In the National Conference in 1931 , only Mongolia and Tibet were allowed to organize their own elections and send their own ethnic representa-tives. Among the total of 520 national conference representatives, Mongolian representatives accoun-ted for 12 , and Tibetans accounted for 10 . The National Political Council, which also known as“the Congress during war”, was founded on July 6 , 1938 , and was abolished on March 28 , 1948 . It lasted for 9 years and held conferences a total of 4 times. In all the 4 conferences, 10 people were elected as participants to represent Tibet to discuss political affairs, and 18 people were elected as participants representing Mongolia. However, al-though other minorities were

  6. Internet Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Veiga

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available It has now become quite obvious that the Internet has brought significant changes to our society and a break on how we lived before its emergence. It is still too early to assess the impact on society of the new services at our disposal, such as the capacity to communicate faster and cheaper on a global scale, access information and, perhaps more importantly, to produce and disseminate information in a way that is accessible to all.It is clear that the advent of the Information Society implies changes in our society that constitute a point of no return. However, contrary to what happened when we entered the Industrial Age about three centuries ago, when the changing process was slow and led by older individuals, these days the entrance into the Information Society is taking place rapidly and the decisive players are younger people. The global nature of the Internet, the possibility of producing and distributing any type of content in digital form at almost zero cost, as well as the vast number of people who use the web, have highlighted the need for new forms of intervention in a sector where there are many types of players. It is in this context that the problem of Internet Governance becomes a very current issue, inasmuch as one feels the need to guarantee a diversity of rights and duties, which may appear difficult to reconcile.This paper presents a brief overview of the main players and initiatives which, in the field of Internet Governance, have tried to contribute to turning this network into a factor for social development and democraticity on a global scale.

  7. Corruption and Local Democratization in Indonesia: The Role of Islamic Parties1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, J. Vernon; Kuncoro, Ari

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia has a tradition of corruption among local officials who harass and collect bribes from firms. This paper examines whether corruption is affected by a change in institutions introducing local democratization and by party composition of local assemblies. Democratization occurred in 1999 and decentralization in 2001. We have firm-level data for 2001 and 2004. The 2001 data benchmark corruption at the time of decentralization, but for a limited sample of districts. We find that corruption declines between 2001 and 2004 overall, but much less [more] so in districts with more secular [Islamic] party representatives in district assemblies. For a larger sample of districts, correspondingly, we find that corruption in 2004 is more in districts which voted more in favor of secular party representatives in the first elections in 1999. We argue that the effects seem to be causal, over above any effects of changing religiosity and economic circumstances across districts. PMID:25083023

  8. Corruption and Local Democratization in Indonesia: The Role of Islamic Parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, J Vernon; Kuncoro, Ari

    2011-03-01

    Indonesia has a tradition of corruption among local officials who harass and collect bribes from firms. This paper examines whether corruption is affected by a change in institutions introducing local democratization and by party composition of local assemblies. Democratization occurred in 1999 and decentralization in 2001. We have firm-level data for 2001 and 2004. The 2001 data benchmark corruption at the time of decentralization, but for a limited sample of districts. We find that corruption declines between 2001 and 2004 overall, but much less [more] so in districts with more secular [Islamic] party representatives in district assemblies. For a larger sample of districts, correspondingly, we find that corruption in 2004 is more in districts which voted more in favor of secular party representatives in the first elections in 1999. We argue that the effects seem to be causal, over above any effects of changing religiosity and economic circumstances across districts.

  9. 2009 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2009-01-01

    Stand for election Until now you may have been unsure whether to stand for election. If you would like to serve the Staff Association’s ideal of excellence, then take the plunge and become a candidate now. To do this, go to our web site where a short flash animation1 explains the role of a delegate.

  10. The Role of Track Two Diplomacy in the Democratic Republic of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    At the outbreak of the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), on 2 August 1998, ... quences of a military “solution”, governments in Africa and abroad urged all ... The role and impact of track two diplomacy in achieving a cease-fire was, .... Children and Greenpeace) in facilitating human security in the realm of.

  11. Human Rights, Education for Democratic Citizenship and International Organisations: Findings from a Kuwaiti UNESCO ASPnet School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Nakib, Rania

    2012-01-01

    While universal human rights frameworks and democratic models of government have gained global support and even adherence, they often exist in tension with local cultural and religious practices. In Kuwait, tensions arise between its constitution, legal system and Islam, with several groups consequently marginalised. These tensions extend into the…

  12. The Role of the Independent Sector in a Modern Democratic Society. An European View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Peter

    This document discusses the shift in democratic countries toward the allocation of responsibility for the organization and control of education in the public system by decentralization from the center to the local community and beyond, to the governing bodies of individual schools, and to the parents who are represented on school councils. This…

  13. Migration, Precarization and the Democratic Deficit in Global Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik; Ålund, Aleksandra; Likic-Brboric, Branka

    2015-01-01

    This article attempts to provide a critical understanding of the dual signification of “precarity”. It explores what “precarity” as a concept may potentially offer to studies of the changing contemporary political economy of migration. It discusses shifting trends in global migration and point to tendencies for a possible convergence between “South” and “North”, “East” and “West”. Based on a review of current advances in research, it discusses, with reference to the classical work of Karl Pol...

  14. Civil Society and Democratic Governance in Ghana: Emerging ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Contemporary Journal of African Studies ... Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access ... The use of the term civil society among Ghanaian scholars has been aligned largely with Tocqueville's ... OTHER RESOURCES.

  15. Democratic Governance and the Rule of Law: Lessons from Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    presaged the La Violencia that would begin in 1948.23 Adding to its internal weakness was the reality that the Colombian state was short of the tax...period of conflict, La Violencia , and spread into the rural areas, lasting until the 1960s. From this conflict also emerged the two largest...Daniel Pécaut, Guerra Contra La Sociedad (War Against Society), Bogotá, Colombia: Planeta, 2002. See also Pardo’s La Historia de las Guerras, Bogotá

  16. The Democratic Vision of Carl Schmitt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Søren Hviid

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to justify two propositions. One, that Schmitt’s political vision is indeed democratic and second, that Schmitt’s democratic vision, plebiscitary or leadership democracy, is better adapted to our modern political condition and the challenges confronting modern...

  17. Democratic Teaching: An Incomplete Job Description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Rachel

    2014-01-01

    The importance of public education in democratic states is almost beyond dispute. Too often, though, discussions of democratic education focus solely on policies and systems, forgetting the individual teachers who are ultimately responsible for educating future citizens. This paper attempts to illustrate just how complex and significant the role…

  18. Senator James Eastland : Mississippi's Jim Crow Democrat

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwiers, Maarten

    2015-01-01

    In the years following World War II, the national Democratic Party aligned its agenda more and more with the goals of the civil rights movement. By contrast, a majority of southern Democrats remained as committed as ever to a longstanding segregationist ideology. Through the career of Senator James

  19. The Democratic Process: Promises and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bragaw, Donald, Ed.

    When the Berlin Wall (East Germany) came down, it symbolically foretold the end of the Soviet Union domination of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. This resource guide examines the process toward democratization occurring in those regions. The guide updates the available classroom material on the democratic process. It is divided into three…

  20. The School as a Democratic Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Brandy

    2011-01-01

    Schools may be able to play a particular role in instilling a strong American identity in young people. They can do this by actively practicing democratic community within the school. This practice of democratic community is key to the development of an individual identity that prioritizes the interdependent relationship between individual and…

  1. The International Telephone Network and Democratization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Su-Lien; Barnett, George A.

    1994-01-01

    Examines the relationship between the international telephone network and democratization through network analysis. Highlights include principles of modern democracy; community and global interactions; a country's pattern of communication and its relationship to democratic development; and a country's position in the international telephone…

  2. The influence of race, religion and class on election behavior in the United States of America (1930-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vareca Ana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author evaluates constancy of the influence of race, religion and class on election behavior in America in period 1930-2008. It appears that the findings from the early stages of this period have set the trend which has not significantly change to these days. Findings from electoral 2008 show us very small differences in political behavior throughout these period, except in 1960's when African Americans have become mostly supporters of Democratic party, thanks to efforts of Democrats to sign Civil Rights Act.

  3. Order in chaos: Ballot order effects in a post-conflict election?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertel Teilfeldt Hansen

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ballot order effects are well documented in established democracies, but less so in newly democratizing countries. In this research note we analyze ballot order effects in the 2010 parliamentary election in Afghanistan. The election provides a first look at ballot order effects in a high stakes, post-conflict election. In this setting, we argue that limited cognitive skills and information are more likely explanations of potential ballot order effects than mechanisms of lacking effort or ambivalence of choice. However, we find no clear evidence of a positive effect on the vote share of a higher ballot position. This raises the broader question of how applicable anomalies found in political behavior are to post-conflict democracies.

  4. Neo-liberalism, the 'third way' or what? Recent social democratic welfare policies in Denmark and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kersbergen, C.J. van; Green-Pedersen, C.; Hemerijck, A.

    2001-01-01

    After the wave of conservative or neo-liberal governments in Europe in the 1980s, social democratic parties are back in government in most European countries. At the same time, with the 'third way' as its catch phrase, European social democracy seems to have regained the ideological upper hand. The

  5. Bayesian inference on proportional elections.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Hideki Vatanabe Brunello

    Full Text Available Polls for majoritarian voting systems usually show estimates of the percentage of votes for each candidate. However, proportional vote systems do not necessarily guarantee the candidate with the most percentage of votes will be elected. Thus, traditional methods used in majoritarian elections cannot be applied on proportional elections. In this context, the purpose of this paper was to perform a Bayesian inference on proportional elections considering the Brazilian system of seats distribution. More specifically, a methodology to answer the probability that a given party will have representation on the chamber of deputies was developed. Inferences were made on a Bayesian scenario using the Monte Carlo simulation technique, and the developed methodology was applied on data from the Brazilian elections for Members of the Legislative Assembly and Federal Chamber of Deputies in 2010. A performance rate was also presented to evaluate the efficiency of the methodology. Calculations and simulations were carried out using the free R statistical software.

  6. Quantum Leader Election

    CERN Document Server

    Ganz, Maor

    2009-01-01

    A group of n individuals who do not trust each other and are located far away from each other, want to select a leader. This is the leader election problem, a natural extension of the coin flipping problem to n players. We want a protocol which will guarantee that an honest player will have almost 1/n chance of winning, regardless of what the other players do (whether they are honest, cheating alone or in groups). It is known to be impossible classically. This work gives a simple algorithm that does it, based on the weak coin flipping protocol with arbitrarily small bias recently derived by Mochon [2007]. The protocol is quite simple to achieve if the number of rounds is linear; We provide an improvement to logarithmic number of rounds.

  7. Traditional, Democratic, Accountable? Navigating Citizen-Subjection in Rural South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin L. Turner

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nearly two decades after South Africa’s democratization, questions of tradition and accountability continue to trouble the polity as more than 14 million black South Africans remain subject to state-recognized, so-called “traditional” leaders – kings, queens, chiefs and regents. This article deepens our understanding of contemporary governance by exploring the agency of these citizen-subjects through close examination of traditional leaders’ strategies and citizen-subjects’ mobilizations in four rural localities. These cases illustrate how citizen-subjects are working with, against and through traditional leaders and councils, hybrid organizations and independent groups to pursue community development and effective, accountable governance, and show how the present governance framework enables traditional leaders to block or undermine collective initiatives. In drawing attention to citizen-subjects’ agency and their difficulties in holding traditional leaders accountable, this analysis of contemporary traditional governance underscores the need for further democratizing reforms.

  8. The Economy Governing During Globalization Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Bucur

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available World and national economie governing is an essential premise of the political stability and democratic evolution. In this study are approached theoretical and practical aspects of the economie governing. Theoretical acquisitions in this field highlit multiple perspectives of approaching and difficulties to characterize this complex and multisized fenomenon. A possible theory of governing the economy needs to use some concepts and mechanisms particular to more scientific fields (political science, economy, cibernetics, the theory of systems and others. The dinamic character and the instability of the present system of governing imposed the analysis of the factors and conditions which have generated the crises of the national and world economic governing. In this context, there are indentified the forms of manifesting the instability (lack of legitimacy, transpa¬rence and democratic responsability, and also the direction of necessary action to implement an efficient and responsable economic governing.

  9. The Economy Governing During Globalization Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Bucur

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available World and national economie governing is an essential premise of the political stability and democratic evolution. In this study are approached theoretical and practical aspects of the economie governing. Theoretical acquisitions in this field highlit multiple perspectives of approaching and difficulties to characterize this complex and multisized fenomenon. A possible theory of governing the economy needs to use some concepts and mechanisms particular to more scientific fields (political science, economy, cibernetics, the theory of systems and others. The dinamic character and the instability of the present system of governing imposed the analysis of the factors and conditions which have generated the crises of the national and world economic governing. In this context, there are indentified the forms of manifesting the instability (lack of legitimacy, transpa¬rence and democratic responsability, and also the direction of necessary action to implement an efficient and responsable economic governing.

  10. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NR 1

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : CHIAVERI First Name : Enrico I have been a CERN staff member since 1973 and have always been interested in our working conditions. As a member of the Executive Committee of the Staff Association I participated from 1980 to 1984 in the Working Group on Pensions mandated by the CERN Council. This commitment led to my becoming a member of the Governing Board of the Pension Fund in 1983, since when I have taken an active part in various commissions and working groups (Real Estate Asset Management Committee, Working Group on Actuarial Matters etc.); in so doing I have gained a thorough knowledge of different areas of the Pension Fund. Since ...

  11. Keeping Government Secrecy Safe: Beyond Whack-a-Mole

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Curtin, D.M.

    2011-01-01

    The concept of secrecy as a mechanism for not providing government information, on the one hand, and the commitment to openness of government, on the other, reflect certain historical understandings of the relationship between a government, citizens, officials and information. Within democratic syst

  12. The Economy Governing During Globalization Era

    OpenAIRE

    Ion Bucur

    2006-01-01

    World and national economie governing is an essential premise of the political stability and democratic evolution. In this study are approached theoretical and practical aspects of the economie governing. Theoretical acquisitions in this field highlit multiple perspectives of approaching and difficulties to characterize this complex and multisized fenomenon. A possible theory of governing the economy needs to use some concepts and mechanisms particular to more scientific fields (political sci...

  13. THE FREE SPEECH: HOW GOVERNMENT CONTROLLED IT?

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    The data show that the media in the Republic of Macedonia became associates of the government propaganda, circumventing the professional and democratic principles of informing. The Government is one of the biggest advertisers in the country and there is concern that the funds are allocated to the television channels which support the Government. The collected data will be illustrated through analysis and comparison of the annual reports of the Organization “Reporters without Borders” and the ...

  14. Minority representation in a semi-democratic regime: the Georgian case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zollinger, Daniel; Bochsler, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Guinea, Tanzania, Gabon, Kenya, Mauritania, and Congo (Brazzaville). This article highlights the impact of the electoral system and the importance of political plurality and electoral district design in such contexts. The article argues that the interests of minorities are best protected if they can......This article suggests that in most semi-democracies, the same solution might not be that favourable to minorities. Many semi-democratic countries either restrict party competition or limit parties of ethnic minorities, including: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirgistan, Cameron, Equatorial...... elect their representatives in small, ethnically homogeneous electoral districts. Plurality or majority voting systems offer minorities the possibility to run with independent candidates. The case study in this article elections to municipal councils in Georgia in 2006 under a mixed electoral system...

  15. Decision-making Void of Democratic Qualities? An Evaluation of the EU’s Second Pillar Decision-making Procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Elizabeth Stie

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The EU’s foreign and security policy is often criticised for being undemocratic. In this article, this contention is addressed from the perspective of deliberative democracy. The focus is on the procedural qualities of the second pillar decision-making processes as it is not only the quality of the outcomes that determine the democratic legitimacy of policy-making, but also the way that decisions have come about. Against five criteria, the EU’s second pillar procedure is assessed for its putative lack of democratic qualities. The analysis shows that not only does the second pillar lack parliamentary input, but the procedural set-up also violates basic democratic principles. There is no democratic deliberative forum to which citizens have access and where decision-makers must justify their positions. There is a serious absence of democratically elected participants to counter the vast number of bureaucrats, and the level of secrecy through which decisions are made is almost absolute. Furthermore, there is no separation of powers due to the fact that the same working groups prepare the second pillar items for both the Council and European Council, allowing the two bodies to lead an almost symbiotic coexistence. This impermeable unity controls agenda-setting, policy-formulation and execution, and hence also escapes both parliamentary and judicial scrutiny.

  16. Between Democracy and Governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    collective capacities for representation, participation and deliberation crucial to keeping democratic government responsive, effective and accountable to the common will. On this view, all new forms of connective action are ipso facto rejected as the spawn of neoliberalism: They appear as individualistic...... and social movements indicate a need for reconnecting political authorities and laypeople on the output side as a form of alternative political problematization strategy. Hay and Stoker want to mobilize citizens for repoliticizing latent or hidden interest and identity conflicts on the input side...

  17. Whose Canon? Culturalization versus Democratization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erling Bjurström

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Current accounts – and particularly the critique – of canon formation are primarily based on some form of identity politics. In the 20th century a representational model of social identities replaced cultivation as the primary means to democratize the canons of the fine arts. In a parallel development, the discourse on canons has shifted its focus from processes of inclusion to those of exclusion. This shift corresponds, on the one hand, to the construction of so-called alternative canons or counter-canons, and, on the other hand, to attempts to restore the authority of canons considered to be in a state of crisis or decaying. Regardless of the democratic stance of these efforts, the construction of alternatives or the reestablishment of decaying canons does not seem to achieve their aims, since they break with the explicit and implicit rules of canon formation. Politically motivated attempts to revise or restore a specific canon make the workings of canon formation too visible, transparent and calculated, thereby breaking the spell of its imaginary character. Retracing the history of the canonization of the fine arts reveals that it was originally tied to the disembedding of artists and artworks from social and worldly affairs, whereas debates about canons of the fine arts since the end of the 20th century are heavily dependent on their social, cultural and historical reembedding. The latter has the character of disenchantment, but has also fettered the canon debate in notions of “our” versus “their” culture. However, by emphasizing the dedifferentiation of contemporary processes of culturalization, the advancing canonization of popular culture seems to be able to break with identity politics that foster notions of “our” culture in the present thinking on canons, and push it in a more transgressive, syncretic or hybrid direction.

  18. Enhanced democratic learning within the Aalborg Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, Palle

    2010-01-01

    The Aalborg PBL Model [Kjersdam & Enemark, 1997; Kolmos et al., 2004] is an example of a democratic learning system [Qvist, 2008]. Writing one project each semester in teams is an important element in the model. Medicine with Industrial Specialisation - a study at the Faculties of Engineering......, Science and Medicine at Aalborg University - has combined the Aalborg Model with solving cases as used by other models. A questionnaire survey related to democratic learning indicates that the democratic learning has been enhanced. This paper presents the results....

  19. Enhanced democratic learning within the Aalborg Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, Palle

    2010-01-01

    The Aalborg PBL Model [Kjersdam & Enemark, 1997; Kolmos et al., 2004] is an example of a democratic learning system [Qvist, 2008]. Writing one project each semester in teams is an important element in the model. Medicine with Industrial Specialisation - a study at the Faculties of Engineering......, Science and Medicine at Aalborg University - has combined the Aalborg Model with solving cases as used by other models. A questionnaire survey related to democratic learning indicates that the democratic learning has been enhanced. This paper presents the results....

  20. DEMOCRATIC ATTITUDES OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Müge TAÇMAN

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The primary aim of this study was to determine the democratic attitudes of the classroomteachers. This study is a descriptive research. In this research, democratic attitude scala which was developed by“published for the attitude research labaratory” and adapted to Turkish educational system by Gözütok (1995 wasused. Research group consisted fifty teachers from four private primary schools in Ankara. The data were analyzed byone way ANOVA. According of the results of the research, democratic attitudes of teachers have been discriminated onteachers’ sexuality, seniority and graduate level

  1. Studying Elections in India: Scientific and Political Debates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Election studies (which are here defined as scholarly work focusing on the major phases of the electoral process, i.e. the campaign, the vote, the announcement of results and subsequent government formation constitute a distinct sub-genre of studies on democracy, which focuses, so to speak, on the ‘mechanics’ more than on the ‘substance’ of representative democracy. This sub-genre, being relatively more visible than other studies of representative democracy, has specific implications, in the academic but also in the political arena, which are the focus of this critical review of the literature on Indian elections since the 1980s. The paper argues that election studies are really in between science and politics, and that it is important, therefore, to contextualize them.

  2. Functionalization Of Criminal Sanctions In The Relation With Administrative Sanction A Review Of Indonesian Election System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prastopo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In the post-reformation era in Indonesia there is a trend of increasing productivity in legislations and it can be seen from the various Administrative Laws despite not in a consistent growth. Administrative laws are all regulations that govern the nation to execute their duties and obligations as public and state servants. For identify whether a regulation belongs to administrative laws or not there are at least two criterions the first is title approach and the second is content approach. This research has chosen Law Number 8 Year 2012 as an object of study considering that the law was passed in the post-reformation era which is regulating general election as a very central point of democracy and as an indicator of a democratic state. Functionalization of criminal sanctions in administrative laws basically is to combining two legal systems and disciplines of administrative laws and criminal laws has delivered problems in their implementation but all of them are ignored without any solution. Criminal sanctions that are essentially ultimum remedium have changed to a substantial coercive tool that in the end has weakened the criminal sanctions themselves in their practical implementations. Some of un-uniformities of criminal sanction system are that there are laws implementing special straft minima minimum penalty there are laws using straft maxima maximum penalty there are laws using special cumulative penalties and incisive cumulative penalties and there are laws using double track system. Any development of law that deviates away from its principles and theories will push its legal implementation away from its true direction and in the end of the day it will depart far away from the essence of legal development.

  3. EL SALVADOR: ELECCIONES Y MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES El Salvador: Elections and Popular Movements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAUL ALMEIDA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación se enfoca en las elecciones presidenciales e históricas en El Salvador en 2009. Hay un énfasis dado a la transformación del partido político FMLN en la era después de la guerra civil y la alianza entre el partido y los movimientos sociales en la sociedad civil. La combinación de los procesos de la democratización y las políticas de liberalizacion económica en los 1990 y 2000 aportó al reforzamiento de la coalición entre el partido de la izquierda y los movimientos populares. Gradualmente el FMLN se podía canalizar la energía de las campañas de los movimientos sociales contra las políticas neoliberales y opinión pública en triunfos electorales al nivel local, parlamentario y Ejecutivo.This article examines the historic presidential elections in El Salvador in 2009. Special attention is given to the evolution of the FMLN political party in the post-civil war era and its relationship with social movements in civil society. The combined forces of democratization and neoliberal policy implementation in the 1990s and early 2000s assisted in strengthening the alliance between the leftwing political party and popular movements. The FMLN was able to gradually channel the momentum of social movement campaigns against economic liberalization policies and public opinion into electoral gains at the local, parliamentary and executive levels of government.

  4. Quantum leader election

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganz, Maor

    2017-03-01

    A group of n individuals A1,ldots An who do not trust each other and are located far away from each other, want to select a leader. This is the leader election problem, a natural extension of the coin flipping problem to n players. We want a protocol which will guarantee that an honest player will have at least 1/n-ɛ chance of winning (forall ɛ >0), regardless of what the other players do (whether they are honest, cheating alone or in groups). It is known to be impossible classically. This work gives a simple algorithm that does it, based on the weak coin flipping protocol with arbitrarily small bias derived by Mochon (Quantum weak coin flipping with arbitrarily small bias, arXiv:0711.4114, 2000) in 2007, and recently published and simplified in Aharonov et al. (SIAM J Comput, 2016). A protocol with linear number of coin flipping rounds is quite simple to achieve; we further provide an improvement to logarithmic number of coin flipping rounds. This is a much improved journal version of a preprint posted in 2009; the first protocol with linear number of rounds was achieved independently also by Aharon and Silman (New J Phys 12:033027, 2010) around the same time.

  5. Elections in November

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    Become a delegate, it’s simple! CERN’s employment conditions have had a rather hard time over the past few years. The Staff Association, with the support of the staff, has managed to avoid the worst on many occasions. The next few years will be decisive, which is why we must continue to be on the scene, active, a source of proposals, and a real negotiating partner. The Staff Association is your only formal representative vis-à-vis the Management and the Member States, and the Staff Council your voice. A rapidly evolving Staff Association In November, all 60 seats in the Staff Council must be filled. All delegates are therefore outgoing. About a dozen current delegates have informed us that they will not stand for election again, which corresponds to a standard turnover. We thank these outgoing delegates for their past investment. If you are interested in the work of the Staff Association, become involved. We need new, talented, enthusiastic people who are willing to inv...

  6. Tactical Voting in Plurality Elections

    CERN Document Server

    Araújo, Nuno A M; Herrmann, Hans J; 10.1371/journal.pone.0012446

    2010-01-01

    How often will elections end in landslides? What is the probability for a head-to-head race? Analyzing ballot results from several large countries rather anomalous and yet unexplained distributions have been observed. We identify tactical voting as the driving ingredient for the anomalies and introduce a model to study its effect on plurality elections, characterized by the relative strength of the feedback from polls and the pairwise interaction between individuals in the society. With this model it becomes possible to explain the polarization of votes between two candidates, understand the small margin of victories frequently observed for different elections, and analyze the polls' impact in American, Canadian, and Brazilian ballots. Moreover, the model reproduces, quantitatively, the distribution of votes obtained in the Brazilian mayor elections with two, three, and four candidates.

  7. Fundamentalists toward democracy? Empirical analysis of fundamentalist attitudes and democratic attitudes in the Middle East

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazem Hajizadeh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Huntington asks an important question in The Third Wave: if traditional Islamic values and beliefs have significantly retarded democratic progress in the past, to what extent are they likely to continue to do so in the future? Unlike Huntington’s work, this paper is primarily a micro-level analysis. It seeks to show how Muslim people interpret and evaluate Islam and democracy. So we want to attach more data to Huntington’s theory and wish to demonstrate that non-democratic political space and authoritarian governments in Muslim countries can’t be explained by the features of Islam; there are considerable reasons and facts to convince scholars to look for other factors. The results illustrate nearly all Muslims tend to Islam and democracy at the same time. It seems Large populations of moderate fundamentalists in Muslim countries are appearing who struggle to actualize Islamic teachings in a democratic political model.

  8. 5 CFR 850.202 - Survivor elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Survivor elections. 850.202 Section 850... (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION Applications for Benefits; Elections § 850.202 Survivor elections. (a) A survivor election under subsection (j) or (k) of section 8339, or under section 8416,...

  9. Getting elections right? Measuring electoral integrity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ham, C.T.

    2015-01-01

    Holding elections has become a global norm. Unfortunately, the integrity of elections varies strongly, ranging from “free and fair” elections with genuine contestation to “façade” elections marred by manipulation and fraud. Clearly, electoral integrity is a topic of increasing concern. Yet electoral

  10. Laying the Foundations for Democratic Behavior : A Comparison of Three Different Approaches to Democratic Education

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Viola

    2009-01-01

    This work investigates the question: What kind of education supports democratic behavior best? To find out the answer to this question, the author compares three different approaches to democratic education: the Sudbury-approach, the democratic-school-approach and the Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD). This investigation is not only based on literature but also on participating observation. For this reason, the author visited several different schools in the USA which try to realiz...

  11. Role of Social Networks on Political Activism: A Case Study of Facebook Usage during Iranian Presidential Election in 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Mousavinasab, Hamed

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: This research is based on political events before and after the Iranian presidential election in 12 June 2009, and the role of Facebook as a social networking website in this case. Facebook was utilized extensively by the Iranian people during the election and it was banned by the government just before the election. Facebook was mostly populated by reformists who were supporting opposition candidate, Mir Hussein Mousavi and the Green Movement. Many Iranians used Facebook during th...

  12. The hamas government should recognized

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinhart, T.

    2006-01-01

    In a just and well-ordered world, it would be unthinkable for a government that was elected in this way to be disqualified because Israel does not like the choice of the electorate in question. But in a world in which the U.S. rules, might is right, and might can define democracy as it chooses. Thus

  13. Watergate and American Government Textbooks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eksterowicz, Anthony J.; Cline, Paul C.

    1993-01-01

    Asserts that the Watergate scandal during the 1972 presidential election altered the U.S. government and the very mood of the United States. Presents a content analysis of 5 middle school, 5 secondary, and 12 college-level textbooks. Finds that the texts exhibit weak historical discussion or analysis of Watergate. (CFR)

  14. An Analysis of Nepalese Government’s Counter Insurgency Operations (1996-2006)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    unrealistic, expectation with the new political establishment of 1990, which had restored a democratic system of government in , the country. The new...communists were generally divided into two groups until the end of;the Panchayat system. One group was ready to follow democratic system and another...overthrown Rana rule and practiced democratic system . Situation remained politically unstable. First parliamentary held. Nepali Congress, a liberal

  15. Fast Scramblers, Democratic Walks and Information Fields

    CERN Document Server

    Magan, Javier M

    2015-01-01

    We study a family of weighted random walks on complete graphs. These `democratic walks' turn out to be explicitly solvable, and we find the hierarchy window for which the characteristic time scale saturates the so-called fast scrambling conjecture. We show that these democratic walks describe well the properties of information spreading in systems in which every degree of freedom interacts with every other degree of freedom, such as Matrix or infinite range models. The argument is based on the analysis of suitably defined `Information fields' ($\\mathcal{I}$), which are shown to evolve stochastically towards stationarity due to unitarity of the microscopic model. The model implies that in democratic systems, stabilization of one subsystem is equivalent to global scrambling. We use these results to study scrambling of infalling perturbations in black hole backgrounds, and argue that the near horizon running coupling constants are connected to entanglement evolution of single particle perturbations in democratic...

  16. Eventful democratization: why we need methodological pluralism

    OpenAIRE

    Della Porta, Donatella

    2014-01-01

    A keynote for the SCOPE 2014: Science of Politics – International Interdisciplinary Conference of Political Research that took place at the University of Bucharest, Faculty of Political Science between 27 and 29 June 2014, this article assesses at theoretical and methodological level the way in which both agency and structure are relevant in social movements, particularly in processes of eventful democratization. Eventful democratization appears as sudden and unexpected, not only to observers...

  17. Liberalist Variation in Taiwan: Four Democratization Orientations

    OpenAIRE

    Hung-jen Wang

    2012-01-01

    "In this paper the author analyzes how Taiwanese liberalist scholars have discursively and operationally shaped the meanings of Taiwanese democratization via a mix of liberal values and nationalist concerns. He will argue that a valid understanding of democratization in Taiwan has never emerged in a way that adequately responds to a liberalist perspective of the country's ongoing political development. Instead, such an understanding has been subjectively influenced by liberal intellectuals wr...

  18. Democratic Group Signatures with Threshold Traceability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xiang-xue; QIAN Hai-feng; LI Jian-hua

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a concrete democratic group signature scheme which holds (t, n)-threshold trace-ability. In the scheme, the capability of tracing the actual signer is distributed among n group members. It gives a valid democratic group signature such that any subset with more than t members can jointly reconstruct a secret and reveal the identity of the signer. Any active adversary cannot do this even if he can corrupt up to t - 1 group members.

  19. International electives in neurology training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Jennifer L.; Coleman, Mary E.; Engstrom, John W.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To ascertain the current status of global health training and humanitarian relief opportunities in US and Canadian postgraduate neurology programs. Background: There is a growing interest among North American trainees to pursue medical electives in low- and middle-income countries. Such training opportunities provide many educational and humanitarian benefits but also pose several challenges related to organization, human resources, funding, and trainee and patient safety. The current support and engagement of neurology postgraduate training programs for trainees to pursue international rotations is unknown. Methods: A survey was distributed to all program directors in the United States and Canada (December 2012–February 2013) through the American Academy of Neurology to assess the training opportunities, institutional partnerships, and support available for international neurology electives. Results: Approximately half of responding programs (53%) allow residents to pursue global health–related electives, and 11% reported that at least 1 trainee participated in humanitarian relief during training (survey response rate 61%, 143/234 program directors). Canadian programs were more likely to allow residents to pursue international electives than US programs (10/11, 91% vs 65/129, 50%, p = 0.023). The number of trainees participating in international electives was low: 0%–9% of residents (55% of programs) and 10%–19% of residents (21% of programs). Lack of funding was the most commonly cited reason for residents not participating in global health electives. If funding was available, 93% of program directors stated there would be time for residents to participate. Most program directors (75%) were interested in further information on global health electives. Conclusions: In spite of high perceived interest, only half of US neurology training programs include international electives, mostly due to a reported lack of funding. By contrast, the majority

  20. 5 CFR 847.910 - If a retiree who elected to credit NAFI service for CSRS immediate retirement returns to work for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false If a retiree who elected to credit NAFI service for CSRS immediate retirement returns to work for the Government under conditions that terminate... elected to credit NAFI service for CSRS immediate retirement returns to work for the Government...

  1. Equalization versus Normalization: Facebook and the 2013 Israeli Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tal Samuel-Azran

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The question of whether social media grant challengers a fair opportunity to compete with incumbents, thus promoting equalization rather than normalization, is a key issue in studies of the web’s contribution to democratic systems. To contribute to the current debate, whose evidence so far strongly supports the normalization hypothesis, we examined the ability of the five leading political candidates in Israel popularity to promote engagement to their messages on social media by measuring Likes and Shares on their Facebook posts during the 2013 election campaign. Surprisingly, we found that first-time candidate, Naftali Bennett, achieved statistically similar engagement levels as achieved by PM Netanyahu, measured by the two Facebook measures mentioned above, and attracted dramatically more Likes than Netanyahu during the campaign. Similarly, first-time contender Yair Lapid’s messages promoted equal levels of engagement as did the messages of opposition leader Shelly Yachimovich. The study indicates the ability of challengers to generate similar engagement levels as incumbents through social media campaigns, an encouraging result that illustrates the democratizing potential of social media.

  2. The Role of Elective Courses in Students′ Professional Development: Foreign Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Movchan Larysa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the role of elective courses in professional development of students of economics. Modern European education is developing on the principles of democratization and humanization, where democratization implies the involvement of all agents/participants of the education process into forming its content and solving numerous related problems. Moreover, in order to be competitive in global labour market, modern specialists must develop such features as mobility, cultural, language and religious empathy, professionalism, commitment to the human virtues, etc. The content of education expressed in the curriculum is now not a rigid unity. Offering elective courses, university curricula can be easily modified to the students′ needs and aspirations. The analysis of the curricula of the economic faculties at some leading European universities has showed a great amount of elective courses mainly in general subjects such as Psychology, Pedagogy, Philosophy, History, Politology, Social Science, etc. These courses make up approximately 10 % of the total study load and are meant to realize interdisciplinary links, deepen students′ understanding of economic phenomena and develop analytical and strategic thinking. On the one hand, by choosing elective courses students are more agitated in learning, more interested and motivated. On the other hand, universities think harder over the supply of subjects and their content. At the same time, it increases lecturers′ motivation to consider new approaches, update information, and on the whole do their best to make their subjects appealing to students. The research has proved that elective courses realize an important role in students′ professional and personal development by integrating knowledge of many subjects, through their participation in tailoring the curricula and enriching their professional portfolio.

  3. Diverging Life Expectancies and Voting Patterns in the 2016 US Presidential Election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bor, Jacob

    2017-10-01

    To assess whether voting patterns in the 2016 US presidential election were correlated with long-run trends in county life expectancy. I examined county-level voting data from the 2008 and 2016 presidential elections and assessed Donald Trump's share of the 2016 vote, change in the Republican vote share between 2008 and 2016, and changes in absolute numbers of Democratic and Republican votes. County-level estimates of life expectancy at birth were obtained for 1980 and 2014 from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. Changes in county life expectancy from 1980 to 2014 were strongly negatively associated with Trump's vote share, with less support for Trump in counties experiencing greater survival gains. Counties in which life expectancy stagnated or declined saw a 10-percentage-point increase in the Republican vote share between 2008 and 2016. Residents of counties left out from broader life expectancy gains abandoned the Democratic Party in the 2016 presidential election. Since coming to power, the Trump administration has proposed cuts to health insurance for the poor, social programs, health research, and environmental and worker protections, which are key determinants of population health. Health gaps likely will continue to widen without significant public investment in population health.

  4. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND 2nd candidate

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : FRANDSEN First Name : Poul Kjaer  I have been member of the staff since 1974, and member of staff council for more than 12 years, and my main motivation has been to work for improving the social conditions of the CERN staff. A very important pillar of this is a sound and healthy pension fund. A capitalised scheme has been and still is the best choice for assuring the benefits for the CERN staff, present and future, this social system being part of the whole necessary to attract the best staff to the future High Energy Physics in Europe. However, even the hypothetic close down of the Organisation should allow the benefits to exi...

  5. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NR 2

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : FRANDSEN First Name : Poul Kjaer  I have been member of the staff since 1974, and member of staff council for more than 12 years, and my main motivation has been to work for improving the social conditions of the CERN staff. A very important pillar of this is a sound and healthy pension fund. A capitalised scheme has been and still is the best choice for assuring the benefits for the CERN staff, present and future, this social system being part of the whole necessary to attract the best staff to the future High Energy Physics in Europe. However, even the hypothetic close down of the Organisation should allow the benefits to exi...

  6. Government Spending Cycles: Ideological or Opportunistic?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.P. van Dalen (Hendrik); O.H. Swank (Otto)

    1996-01-01

    textabstractands. The time series analysis, covering the period 1953–1993, allows for different types of government spending. In general, spending is inspired by ideological and opportunistic motives: all government expenditure categories show an upward drift during election times and the partisan

  7. Democratic Bodies: Exemplary Practice and Democratic Education in a K-5 Dance Residency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, Alison E.

    2014-01-01

    This research highlights a K-5 dance artist-in-residence as a form of democratic and exemplary dance education that ignited collaboration, promoted equity, fostered student autonomy, and demonstrated rigor in school curriculum. Through examining observation, interview, and performance-based data and calling upon critical, democratic education…

  8. Democratic Bodies: Exemplary Practice and Democratic Education in a K-5 Dance Residency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, Alison E.

    2014-01-01

    This research highlights a K-5 dance artist-in-residence as a form of democratic and exemplary dance education that ignited collaboration, promoted equity, fostered student autonomy, and demonstrated rigor in school curriculum. Through examining observation, interview, and performance-based data and calling upon critical, democratic education…

  9. Modified Bully Algorithm using Election Commission

    CERN Document Server

    Rahman, Muhammad Mahbubur

    2010-01-01

    Electing leader is a vital issue not only in distributed computing but also in communication network [1, 2, 3, 4, 5], centralized mutual exclusion algorithm [6, 7], centralized control IPC, etc. A leader is required to make synchronization between different processes. And different election algorithms are used to elect a coordinator among the available processes in the system such a way that there will be only one coordinator at any time. Bully election algorithm is one of the classical and well-known approaches in coordinator election process. This paper will present a modified version of bully election algorithm using a new concept called election commission. This approach will not only reduce redundant elections but also minimize total number of elections and hence it will minimize message passing, network traffic, and complexity of the existing system.

  10. A Study of Global Health Elective Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russ, Christiana M.; Tran, Tony; Silverman, Melanie; Palfrey, Judith

    2017-01-01

    Background and Objectives: To identify the effects of global health electives over a decade in a pediatric residency program. Methods: This was an anonymous email survey of the Boston Combined Residency alumni funded for global health electives from 2002 to 2011. A test for trend in binomial proportions and logistic regression were used to document associations between elective and participant characteristics and the effects of the electives. Qualitative data were also analyzed. Results: Of the 104 alumni with available email addresses, 69 (66%) responded, describing 94 electives. Elective products included 27 curricula developed, 11 conference presentations, and 7 academic publications. Thirty-two (46%) alumni continued global health work. Previous experience, previous travel to the site, number of global electives, and cumulative global elective time were associated with postresidency work in global health or with the underserved. Conclusions: Resident global electives resulted in significant scholarship and teaching and contributed to long-term career trajectories. PMID:28229096

  11. THE ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN EVICTIONS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jeannie

    democratic and accountable government for local communities, promote social and economic ..... arise if there were meaningful engagement with occupiers by the City, it seems very likely that ..... Joinder in such cases is therefore in the public interest. .... (j) the provision of transport facilities to the affected residents from the.

  12. Introductory American Government in Comparison: An Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engstrom, Richard N.

    2008-01-01

    Introduction to American Government classes can benefit from the addition of examples from comparative politics. Presenting students with examples of other democratic systems encourages them to confront the costs and benefits of choices made in the American context. Dealing with these "cognitive conflict" tasks facilitates higher level learning on…

  13. 76 FR 1559 - Guidelines for the Use of Electronic Voting Systems in Union Officer Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... stations, terminals, or kiosks that are set up in a securable location or locations. Voters must come to a... democratic self-government.'' Wirtz v. Hotel, Motel and Club Employees Union, Local 6, 391 U.S. 492 (1969... guidelines? 2. Describe the potential advantages and disadvantages of electronic voting systems in union...

  14. Control of corruption, democratic accountability, and effectiveness of HIV/AIDS official development assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hwa-Young; Yang, Bong-Ming; Kang, Minah

    2016-01-01

    Despite continued global efforts, HIV/AIDS outcomes in developing countries have not made much progress. Poor governance in recipient countries is often seen as one of the reasons for ineffectiveness of aid efforts to achieve stated objectives and desired outcomes. This study examines the impact of two important dimensions of governance - control of corruption and democratic accountability - on the effectiveness of HIV/AIDS official development assistance. An empirical analysis using dynamic panel Generalized Method of Moments estimation was conducted on 2001-2010 datasets. Control of corruption and democratic accountability revealed an independent effect and interaction with the amount of HIV/AIDS aid on incidence of HIV/AIDS, respectively, while none of the two governance variables had a significant effect on HIV/AIDS prevalence. Specifically, in countries with accountability level below -2.269, aid has a detrimental effect on incidence of HIV/AIDS. The study findings suggest that aid programs need to be preceded or at least accompanied by serious efforts to improve governance in recipient countries and that democratic accountability ought to receive more critical attention.

  15. Control of corruption, democratic accountability, and effectiveness of HIV/AIDS official development assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hwa-Young; Yang, Bong-Ming; Kang, Minah

    2016-01-01

    Background Despite continued global efforts, HIV/AIDS outcomes in developing countries have not made much progress. Poor governance in recipient countries is often seen as one of the reasons for ineffectiveness of aid efforts to achieve stated objectives and desired outcomes. Objective This study examines the impact of two important dimensions of governance – control of corruption and democratic accountability – on the effectiveness of HIV/AIDS official development assistance. Design An empirical analysis using dynamic panel Generalized Method of Moments estimation was conducted on 2001–2010 datasets. Results Control of corruption and democratic accountability revealed an independent effect and interaction with the amount of HIV/AIDS aid on incidence of HIV/AIDS, respectively, while none of the two governance variables had a significant effect on HIV/AIDS prevalence. Specifically, in countries with accountability level below −2.269, aid has a detrimental effect on incidence of HIV/AIDS. Conclusion The study findings suggest that aid programs need to be preceded or at least accompanied by serious efforts to improve governance in recipient countries and that democratic accountability ought to receive more critical attention. PMID:27189199

  16. Presidential Administration : Always prepared for elections and crises!

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The Presidential Administration kept tightening the screws on the public administration system throughout the year 2014. The control over local governments became much tighter mainly through continuous rotation in regional offices and the use of the ongoing anti-corruption campaign for this purpose. The Administration has conditioned the environment to hold a seamless presidential election in 2015 thus driving nails in the coffin of the ‘Belarusian Model’ of development amid the economic rece...

  17. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NO 2

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund.   Candidate: Name: RANJARDFirst Name: Florence Having been a member of the Governing Board of the Pension Fund since 1983 as Guy Maurin’s alternate, I am standing for a further 3-year term of office. Over the past few years work has concentrated essentially on following items: Monitoring of the work of the fund managers and their performances. The three-yearly study of the Fund’s actuarial situation. The pension guarantees ­ second phase. The Fund is approaching its maturity: the level of benefits exceeds contributions. In this context it has to strike a suitable balance between management of the risk from a dynamic investment policy, while a prudent policy avoiding any significant loss of its capital. These will be my concerns within the Governing Board of the Pension Fund if you...

  18. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND CANDIDATE NO 1

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name: MAURINFirst Name:Guy I have been a member of the personnel since 1967 and as early as 1972 I was involved, in my capacity as President of the Staff Association, in the improvement of the Pension Fund benefits. As for most of us the Pension Fund is the only social provident scheme to which we belong, it is important to ensure that it is well managed and in balance. As a member of the Governing Board since 1974 and Vice-Chairman of this Board since 1977, I have continued to pursue these objectives.One of the main responsibilities of the Governing Board is our asset investment policy. The Investment Committee, of which I am Chairman, must have an overall view of the management of our 4 billion Swiss francs and seek the best yield with minimum risk. The investment structure must continuously be adapted...

  19. Applied Formal Methods for Elections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Jian

    2016-01-01

    bounded model-checking and satisfiability modulo theories (SMT) solvers can be used to check these criteria. Voter Experience: Technology profoundly affects the voter experience. These effects need to be measured and the data should be used to make decisions regarding the implementation of the electoral...... to voting software producing evidence so that can be retroactively analyzed, in case that something went wrong. There are two possible ways to analyze implementations for verifiability, first statically, i.e. before the technology is deployed, which gives the developers the opportunity to fix issues during...... development time, or second dynamically, i.e. monitoring while an implementation is used during an election, or after the election is over, for forensic analysis. This thesis contains two chapters on this subject: the chapter Analyzing Implementations of Election Technologies describes a technique...

  20. The first democratic election in South Africa in 1994 was followed by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    the management of living marine resources, the Marine ... poor people who personally harvest marine resources as a source of food or to sell them to ... Key words: coastal zonation, fisheries management, fisheries rights, subsistence fisheries.

  1. Democratically Elected Socialist Presidents and Free-Market Reforms: A Political Economy Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-03-01

    Dornbusch , “The Case for Trade Liberalization in Developing Countries,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 6, No. 1, (Winter 1992), 69-70. 6...Hopkins University Press, 1999. Dornbusch , Rudiger. “The Case for Trade Liberalization in Developing Countries.” Journal of Economic Perspectives

  2. Receipt-Free Secure Elections

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    A fundamental requirement for secure and uncoercible elections is the receipt-free property; if voters cannot prove how they voted to anyone other than themselves, then they cannot be coerced by a second party to cast a particular vote. We begin by describing a protocol for receipt-free elections that was developed by Benaloh & Tuinstra, and then show how this protocol, although correct, is impractical to implement. We then show how to modify this protocol to make it practical to implement. O...

  3. The costs of electoral fraud: establishing the link between electoral integrity, winning an election, and satisfaction with democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortin-Rittberger, Jessica; Harfst, Philipp; Dingler, Sarah C.

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Previous research has shown that voters’ perception of electoral fairness has an impact on their attitudes and behaviors. However, less research has attempted to link objective measurements of electoral integrity on voters’ attitudes about the democratic process. Drawing on data from the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems and the Quality of Elections Data, we investigate whether cross-national differences in electoral integrity have significant influences on citizens’ level of satisfaction with democracy. We hypothesize that higher levels of observed electoral fraud will have a negative impact on evaluations of the democratic process, and that this effect will be mediated by a respondent’s status as a winner or loser of an election. The article’s main finding is that high levels of electoral fraud are indeed linked to less satisfaction with democracy. However, we show that winning only matters in elections that are conducted in an impartial way. The moment elections start to display the telltale signs of manipulation and malpractice, winning and losing no longer have different effects on voter’s levels of satisfaction with democracy. PMID:28824703

  4. Election Violence and Voters’ Behaviour in Uganda: “Success of Decentralization Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Mwesigwa

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this survey was to appraise election violence and voter behaviour in Uganda. The rule of the thumb was used to draw the sample for the study. Copies of structured questionnaire were administered on the respondents using purposive sampling technique to study two urban centers in Uganda - Hoima and Kigorobya. Using the analysis of variance and Bonferroni tests as instruments of data analysis, findings indicated among others that voter motivation, political parties, voter perceptions and civic education have a strong contribution towards election violence among voters in Uganda. Forms of election violence could easily be as a result of voters’ perception, voter motivation, civic education and political organizations or parties. The mode of elections organized by governments presents a closer relationship between election violence and voter behaviour characterized by perceptions, motivation, civic education and political party activities. There was a significant positive relation between election violence and voter behaviour. If factors promoting election violence are to be dealt with so as to have a peaceful political system, the study submitted that political big wigs should embrace the culture of attitudinal change and see politics or elections as a game that there must always be a winner and a loser

  5. Liberalist Variation in Taiwan: Four Democratization Orientations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-jen Wang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I analyse how Taiwanese liberalist scholars have discursively and operationally shaped the meanings of Taiwanese democratization via a mix of liberal values and nationalist concerns. I will argue that a valid understanding of democratization in Taiwan has never emerged in a way that adequately responds to a liberalist perspective of the country’s ongoing political development. Instead, such an understanding has been subjectively influenced by liberal intellectuals writing on the subject. In other words, current discourses in Taiwan represent efforts on the part of scholars to manage connections between liberalist values and nationalist concerns rather than shared views regarding facts emerging from Taiwanese democratization. In this paper I discuss four types of liberalist orientations to Taiwanese democratization – universal, moderate, pragmatic and nationalist – in the contexts of national-identity constraints, a balance between liberal values and national identity, and flexibility regarding liberalist and nationalist concerns. I conclude that democratization research in Taiwan reflects an aspect of knowledge production formulated by the relationship between the researcher and the subject under study.

  6. Evidence-based medicine meets democracy: the role of evidence-based public health guidelines in local government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, M P; Atkins, L; Littleford, C; Leng, G; Michie, S

    2017-02-10

    In 2013, many public health functions transferred from the National Health Service to local government in England. From 2006 NICE had produced public health guidelines based on the principles of evidence-based medicine. This study explores how the guidelines were received in the new environment in local government and related issues raised relating to the use of evidence in local authoritites. In depth, interviews with 31 elected members and officers, including Directors of Public Health, from four very different local government organizations ('local authorities'). Participants reported that (i) there were tensions between evidence-based, and political decision-making; (ii) there were differences in views about what constituted 'good' evidence and (iii) that organizational life is an important mediator in the way evidence is used. Democratic political decision-making does not necessarily naturally align with decision-making based on evidence from the international scientific literature, and local knowledge and local evidence are very important in the ways that public health decisions are made.

  7. The plot to hack America how Putin's cyberspies and Wikileaks tried to elect an American president

    CERN Document Server

    Nance, Malcolm

    2016-01-01

    In April of 2016, computer technicians at the Democratic National Committee discovered that someone had accessed the organization's computer servers. In the days and weeks that followed, they discovered that the cyber thieves had helped themselves to everything: sensitive documents, emails, donor information, even voice mails. It was the modern-day equivalent of the Watergate scandal, but this time, the culprit was Russia's spy service, and their method a new hybrid cyber warfare: Kompromat. But why would Vladimir Putin want to tip the scales of an American election? New York Times bestseller

  8. Patterns of ownership and accessibility to information and media facilities in democratizing the media in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okwudishu, C

    1988-01-01

    Nigeria needs to embrace technology and pursue private media ownership in order to achieve a democratic media. In recent years, mass media in Africa has become a force with augmenting power that has influenced government and regimes. A democratization of the African media is reliant on media ownership and accessibility of information. Within Nigeria, there is a government monopoly of the media and therefore a road block in the free flow of information. As well, Nigeria's current economic situation has made media accessibility an extravagance. The electronic media is far from effective as many areas have poor reception, no electricity, or face a language barrier. Because most of the print media is written in English, many Nigerians cannot comprehend the printed news.

  9. Report on Scottish council elections 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Bochel, Hugh; Denver, David; Steven, Martin

    2012-01-01

    This report to the Electoral Commission covers the Scottish council elections of May 2012. It considers aspects of the administration of the elections, turnout, patterns of candidature and party support and control of councils.

  10. LATTE - Log and Time Tracking for Elections

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — LATTE - Log and Time Tracking for Elections is a time tracking and voucher preparation system used to schedule employees to cover elections, to document their time...

  11. African Union: Towards Good Governance, Peace and Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    and be bold enough to isolate that particular ruling clique where its political and corporate governance standards are sub par. The AU, just like...terms. In the long term, there is need for universal efforts toward Africa’s democratic and corporate governance for its stability and prosperity

  12. Change in University Governance Structures in Continental Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gornitzka, Åse; Maassen, Peter; de Boer, Harry

    2017-01-01

    This article discusses changes with respect to university governance structures in six comprehensive universities in Europe. We present an analytical framework on the basis of which we conduct a comparative analysis of the university governance structures along four different dimensions: (a) the internal democratic nature of the governance…

  13. Public Accountability in the Age of Neo-Liberal Governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranson, Stewart

    2003-01-01

    Analyzes the impact of neo-liberal corporate accountability on educational governance since the demise of professional accountability in the mid-1970s. Argues that corporate accountability is inappropriate for educational governance. Proposes an alternative model: democratic accountability. (Contains 1 figure and 125 references.)(PKP)

  14. Students and the Governance of Higher Education in Norway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelsen, Svein; Stensaker, Bjorn

    2011-01-01

    The article discusses the question of student participation in higher education governance at the national and the institutional levels in Norway. Two ideal-type perspectives on governance are developed in order to illuminate the Norwegian case: a democratic perspective and a market perspective. The article provides a brief overview of the…

  15. CONTRIBUTION OF INDONESIAN DEMOCRATIC TO ISLAMIC EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erni Haryanti

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show up the reason that Indonesian democratic can give contribution to developing of Islamic education theory, in order to responds of contemporary issues. To achieve of the purpose, this paper was discussing a number of democratic theory and Islamic education contemporary literature with holding a dialogue to Indonesian culture background. Recently, Islamic education theory and practice has undergone some transformations, in its system, curriculum, and institutions. One of the trigger was a demand to implementing a conception of democracy in Islamic education praxis. In Indonesia it was adopted from Pancasila, exactly the Bhineka Tunggal Ika slogan. To realized of that, Indonesian Islamic education institution like madrassa, since 1980s was combined between curriculum Indonesia national and Islamic education. It is be a sign that Indonesian democracy can be an alternative to developing a theory of democratic Islamic education.

  16. Left Realism and Social Democratic Renewal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell Hogg

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available At its inception Left Realism argued the need to develop a radical social democratic approach to crime. I argue that its contribution and continuing relevance primarily lies in this political project, the need for which has not dissipated. But this can only be advanced as an integral component of a more general renewal of social democratic ideas and politics that challenges the hegemony of neo-liberalism. This is far from guaranteed. The possibilities and challenges after the global financial crisis are considered. I argue for a rethinking of some core themes from early Left Realism to (as I see it better complement the task of social democratic renewal in the present.

  17. Adult education for democratic citizenship in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella

    2009-01-01

    " of the lifelong learning strategy. Accordingly, civic competence, which "equips individuals to fully participate in civic life", has been identified by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2006: 17) as a key competence to be given priority in all member states in the years to come...... from education to learning for democratic citizenship within the European discourse, the emphasis on lifelong learning and the consequent equal recognition of in-school and out-of-school learning activities, most empirical research in the field of education for democratic citizenship remains primarily...... concerned with school-aged pupils. When available, research which focuses on the links between adult education and learning for democratic citizenship is highly theoretical and rarely supported by empirical evidence....

  18. Democratic Learning Processes: Conceptual and Historical Challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ann-Dorte; Rasmussen, Palle

    2009-01-01

    of the article outlines the authors' understanding of the core concepts involved. In the second part these conceptual discussions are related to two themes: the question of public adaptation of historical experiences in connection with the German reunification and the learning perspectives related to women......In this article democratic learning is conceptualised with inspiration from two academic traditions, one being the conceptions of citizenship, political identities and deliberative democracy in political sociology; the other theories and research on social and lifelong learning. The first part......'s empowerment and inclusion in the Danish democratic model. On the background of these two analyses the authors finally discuss some current democratic problems with integrating the diversity represented by ethnic minority groups. The discussion emphasizes the learning theory perspective on the initiative...

  19. Forecasting the 2012 and 2014 Elections Using Bayesian Prediction and Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven E. Rigdon

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a data-driven Bayesian model used to predict the state-by-state winners in the Senate and presidential elections in 2012 and 2014. The Bayesian model takes into account the proportions of polled subjects who favor each candidate and the proportion who are undecided, and produces a posterior probability that each candidate will win each state. From this, a dynamic programming algorithm is used to compute the probability mass functions for the number of electoral votes that each presidential candidate receives and the number of Senate seats that each party receives. On the final day before the 2012 election, the model gave a probability of (essentially one that President Obama would be reelected, and that the Democrats would retain control of the U.S. Senate. In 2014, the model gave a final probability of .99 that the Republicans would take control of the Senate.

  20. 2015 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    Elections Timetable Monday 21 September, at noon Start date for receipt of the application Friday 16 October, at noon Closing date for receipt of the applications Monday 26 October, at noon Start date for voting Monday 9 November, at noon Closing date for voting Monday 16 and Monday 23 November, publication of the results in Echo Monday 23 and Tuesday 24 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 1st December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure will be monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 16 and 24 November. During its meeting of March 17 2015, the Staff Council approved the election rules, which define the allocation of seats in each department, as follows:   Number of seats in the electoral colleges Departments BE EN TE DG/DGS FP GS HR/PF IT PH Career paths AA - D 2 3 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 Career paths E - G 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 3   ...

  1. 2015 Elections to Staff Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    Elections Timetable Monday 26 October, at noon Start date for voting Monday 9 November, at noon Closing date for voting Monday 16 and Monday 23 November, publication of the results in Echo Monday 23 and Tuesday 24 November Staff Association Assizes Tuesday 1st December, at 10.00 a.m. first meeting of the new Staff Council and election of the new Executive Committee The voting procedure will be monitored by the Election Committee, which is also in charge of announcing the results in Echo on 16 and 24 November. During its meeting of March 17 2015, the Staff Council approved the election rules, which define the allocation of seats in each department, as follows:   Number of seats in the electoral colleges Departments BE EN TE DG/DGS FP GS HR/PF IT PH Career paths AA - D 2 3 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 Career paths E - G 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 3   Global CERN Career paths AA - G 14     Number of seats for fellows representatives Global CERN 5 For more informat...

  2. to enhance re-election

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. O. E. OSUAGWU

    2013-12-01

    Dec 1, 2013 ... Assessing the Impact of Information Technology (WWW) on the attainment of Positive Corporate Image (PCI) to enhance re-election bid of incumbent ... public legitimacy and influence electoral victory at the polls. .... recognized main media and subdivision for ..... To avoid social and political conflicts,.

  3. The Moderator as an Emerging Democratic Intermediairy: The Role of the Moderator in Internet Discussions about Public Issues

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Edwards (Arthur)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractA common approach towards the role of the moderator in Internet discussions is to see him as a filter. In this article I want to show that the moderator in government-initiated Internet discussions about public issues can be seen as a democratic intermediary, and that this role has the p

  4. Sublinear Bounds for Randomized Leader Election

    OpenAIRE

    Kutten, Shay; Pandurangan, Gopal; Peleg, David; Robinson, Peter; Trehan, Amitabh

    2012-01-01

    This paper concerns {\\em randomized} leader election in synchronous distributed networks. A distributed leader election algorithm is presented for complete $n$-node networks that runs in O(1) rounds and (with high probability) uses only $O(\\sqrt{n}\\log^{3/2} n)$ messages to elect a unique leader (with high probability). When considering the "explicit" variant of leader election where eventually every node knows the identity of the leader, our algorithm yields the asymptotically optimal bounds...

  5. Three Directions of the Party & Government Leaders' Election and Appointment Mechanism: Institutionalization, Democratization & Scientization%完善党政领导人才选拔任用机制的三个方向:制度化、民主化、科学化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段华洽

    2011-01-01

    党政领导人才选拔任用机制创新是我国公共部门人力资源管理领域的核心问题,本文在总结党政领导人才选拔任用工作的成就和分析其存在问题的基础上,从制度化、民主化和科学化的角度,探索了完善党政领导人才选拔任用机制的方向与途径.

  6. 1953年选举法论析%Study and Analysis on the 1953 Election Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金子求

    2014-01-01

    Marked by the promulgation of the election Law of National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China and local People’s Congress at all levels in 1953, New China’s electoral system was established. Studying New China’s first nationwide general election campaign will contribute enormously to our understanding of this system. The election law of 1953 gave special treatment to ethnic minorities’ privileges to vote and stipulated the CCP’ rights of nominating candidates for election jointly with the democratic parties and electors or representatives, and it also provided the operating procedures and stages of election, such as division of congressional district, registration of electors, recommending candidates for deputies, casting and counting the electronic ballots. These provisions were basically acknowledged by the Constitution of 1954 and nearly all of them have been being used till now. For the establishment and development of new China’s electoral system, the formation and implementation of 1953 election law brought about rudimentary historic experiences, which afforded much significance for our present-day election practice, especially for our whole country’s democratic construction at the grass-roots level.%新中国选举制度的确立,以1953年3月《中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会及地方各级人民代表大会选举法》的颁布为标志。从研究新中国第一次全民普选入手,是深化对这一制度认识的一个途径。照顾少数民族选举权,规定中共党组织、民主党派、选民或代表的联合提名权以及选区划分、选民登记、代表候选人提名、投票与计票制度等选举运作程序与环节的规定,基本上为1954年宪法所确认,而且大都沿用至今。1953年选举法及其实施为新中国选举制度的确立及发展创造了初步的历史经验,无疑对于今天的选举实践,尤其是整个国家基层民主建设提供了借鉴意义。

  7. Democratic design experiments: between parliament and laboratory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Binder, Thomas; Brandt, Eva; Ehn, Pelle;

    2015-01-01

    been performed and accomplished in participatory practices. In this article we discuss how participatory design may be reinvigorated as a design research programme for democratic design experiments in the light of the de-centring of human-centredness and the foregrounding of collaborative......For more than four decades participatory design has provided exemplars and concepts for understanding the democratic potential of design participation. Despite important impacts on design methodology participatory design has however been stuck in a marginal position as it has wrestled with what has...

  8. Black hole collapse and democratic models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, Aron; Magán, Javier M.

    2016-11-01

    We study the evolution of black hole entropy and temperature in collapse scenarios in asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetime, finding three generic lessons. First, entropy evolution is extensive. Second, at large times, entropy and temperature ring with twice the frequency of the lowest quasinormal mode. Third, the entropy oscillations saturate black hole area theorems in general relativity. The first two features are characteristic of entanglement dynamics in "democratic" models. Solely based on general relativity and the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formula, our results point to democratic models as microscopic theories of black holes. The third feature can be taken as a prediction for microscopic models of black hole physics.

  9. The Democratic Potential of Theatre Talks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Louise Ejgod

    2014-01-01

    of democratization of culture and the democracy theory by James S. Fishkin. The analysis is based on the empirical material of 31 theatre talks carried through as a part of an audience development project and is focused on four different aspects of the democratic potential of theatre: First, how the theatre talks...... approach to a target-oriented approach to audience development in which the content of the performance should be matched with certain audience segments. And fourth, the article points to an outcome of the experience related to the challenging of one own view point and thus expanding ones horizon....

  10. The Romanian Social Democratic Party versus the authoritarian monarchy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Grecu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article approaches the Romanian social-democratic collaboration during 1938-1940 with the authoritarian monarch regime. Even though the party leaders had diverging political views, regards to the acceptance or the non-acceptance of the authoritarian regime, the influential PSDR members held leading positions within the single party and the corporate parliament and within the union structures. The positions were offered by the regime, so that the union leaders would stop instigating workers to go on strike, and to accept the governmental policies. The freedom of speech and the political actions were ceded to the monarch, who governed at the place of the political parties and he controlled the unions, by using the guilds.

  11. Work and revenue associations: new democratic spaces in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosangela Marione Schulz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper’s theme are the new spaces of democratic participation in Brazil, more specifically, the new political characters and the new spaces for the civilian society’s mobilization, from an analysis of female leaderships in the work and revenue’s association that have been growing in districts and neighborhoods with high levels of poverty and violence in the city of Porto Alegre. A major part of these organizations is dedicated to recycling solid residue, and, have as a defining characteristic a great number of women, either as member or leaders of these institutions. We seek to discuss such collective actions on its relation with the public government, urban social movements and non-governmental organizations (NGO’s.

  12. Speak Out (K-8) [and] Election '80.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    These two teaching guides contain step-by-step procedures for an election education program in which all Illinois school children vote for and elect a State animal. The program, mandated by the Illinois State Legislature, is intended to provide students with the unique opportunity to learn about the entire election process through actual voting…

  13. 29 CFR 44.3 - Election process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Election process. 44.3 Section 44.3 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PROCESS FOR ELECTING STATE AGENCY EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS REPRESENTATIVES FOR CONSULTATIONS WITH DEPARTMENT OF LABOR § 44.3 Election process. (a) Process. The Commissioner of Labor Statistics...

  14. Education Blogs Hit Our Elections next Month

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlmutter, David D.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author examines the role blogs will play in future campaigns and elections and how bloggers will affect the election of the next commander in chief. A necessary starting point in discussing the role of blogs in the presidential election of 2008 is to consider how similar blogs are, as a new medium or genre or venue, to…

  15. 75 FR 32273 - Representation Election Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... 29 CFR Parts 1202 and 1206 RIN 3140-ZA00 Representation Election Procedure AGENCY: National Mediation... delaying the effective date of its rule regarding representation election procedures from June 10, 2010 to... Representation Election Procedure Rule have been made. The NMB will notify participants if there are any further...

  16. Media and the 2013 Kenyan election

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    In March 2013, Kenya held its first election after the post-election violence (PEV) in 2008, which media were blamed for contributing to by partisan reporting and hate speech. Prior to the 2013 election, several organizations worked to raise awareness of the negative consequences of hate speech...

  17. School, Community Leadership, and Election Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Ann

    2008-01-01

    This article examines how the political structure of school elections contributes to leadership perspectives related to school-community engagement. Interview data from school superintendents, school board presidents, and city mayors across four cities and two election types were analyzed to determine if differences in school election structure…

  18. Democratic transition and foreign direct investment: Transition process matters

    OpenAIRE

    Derbali, Ahmed; Trabelsi Masmoudi, Lilia; Zitouna, Habib

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides evidence on the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and democratic transition. We propose first an econometric analysis of the determinants of the democratization process through a "probit" model. We consider a sample of 173 countries, with 44 that have experienced a democratic transition over the period 1980-2010. Our results reveal that variables related to human development and individual freedom facilitate the initiation of the democratic process in co...

  19. RUSSIA’S ‘FOREIGN AGENT’ LAW: A RESPONSE TO AMERICAN DEMOCRATIC PROMOTION POLICY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijay Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently passed the Russian ‘Foreign Agent’ law against foreign funding of NGOs and civil society has attracted criticism from almost every quarter. From home to abroad all party concerned (i.e., civil society organizations, NGO groups, donor countries (especiallyAmericaand European countries as well as some Russian opposition political parties are of the view that this bill has been introduced to scuttle the independent civic activities and in this way unconstitutional. However on the basis of overall analysis of ‘Foreign Agent’ law in the context of American democratic promotion policy this paper is of the view that this law simply cannot be characterized as anti-democratic, which is against the very basis of freedom and rule of law, by the anti-democratic Russian government but it should be seen as extension of same challenge which American democratic promotion policy is facing around the whole world. It is because of its illegal and unconstitutional method of regime change policy, with the help of foreign funded NGOs, and civil society which has compelled various countries includingRussiato resort this type of law. It is important to note that the promise of peace, stability and prosperity by the democratic promotion protagonists after the fall ofSoviet Unionhas not been realised till today. Instead what post-Soviet states are witnessing today is emergence of chauvinist nationalist government in respective countries which witnessed colour revolution. Whole region is now plunging into economic turmoil, ethnic nationalism, rise of religious fundamentalism and identity politics. Recent overthrow of legitimate Viktor Yanukovych government inUkraineand subsequent decision by incumbent government to exclude Russian as administrative language can be sited as example. That is why former American Republican Congressman Ron Paul is of the view that “US‘Democracy Promotion’ Destroys Democracy Overseas’’. In this context this paper

  20. The 2011 municipal elections in South Africa and new trends since the 2009 national elections

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Greben, JM

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available in elections A trend matrix relates the election results of and ?old? and a ?new? election by counting how voters for a particular old party voted in the new election. If there are Pold parties in The 2011 municipal elections in SA and new trends since... matrix with Pnew ?Pold elements is necessary to characterize this behavior. To calculate such a matrix exactly, one needs all individual election results of the two elections. Clearly this information is not available, and one has to derive...