WorldWideScience

Sample records for democratic party pdp

  1. Peoples Democratic Party in the Fourth Republic of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliyu Mukhtar Katsina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Their nature and functions make political parties central to democratic governance especially in the new democracies of Africa that face the challenge of building strong and enduring democratic institutions. It is accepted that the existing trend in most of these democracies of one big party dominating the political space weakens democracy and undermines its prospects for consolidation. Big parties—usually the ruling ones—exhibit tendencies such as absence of internal democracy that are antithetical to democratic governance. While observations such as these are incontestable, there is little understanding into the nature, character, ideology, and internal structure of big parties generally. In this article, I attempt to address this concern. Specifically, I examine the nature, structure, and ideology of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP, Nigeria’s ruling party at the federal level with considerable strength at local level between 1999 and 2015. Relying on data obtained from multiple sources, I investigate the process of its formation, the nature of its ideology, internal organization, its electoral strength, and how absence of internal democracy contributed significantly to its defeat in 2015 general elections.

  2. Democratization and the illegalization of political parties in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    2012-01-01

    state. I identify features of ‘new’ and ‘incomplete’ democracies that help explain proscription. Case studies on Germany, Austria, Russia, Latvia and Greece illustrate the impact of ‘modes of transition’, heightened uncertainty, political tensions and instability on ‘new democracy bans’, and the impact......This article explores the literature on democratization to account for the proscription of political parties in democratizing states. A survey of 22 party bans in 12 European states identifies two distinct classes of proscription derived from the ‘degree of democratization’ present in a banning...... of illiberalism, limited checks on executive power and circumscribed political participation on ‘incomplete democracy bans’....

  3. The Romanian Social Democratic Party versus the authoritarian monarchy

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    Florin Grecu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article approaches the Romanian social-democratic collaboration during 1938-1940 with the authoritarian monarch regime. Even though the party leaders had diverging political views, regards to the acceptance or the non-acceptance of the authoritarian regime, the influential PSDR members held leading positions within the single party and the corporate parliament and within the union structures. The positions were offered by the regime, so that the union leaders would stop instigating workers to go on strike, and to accept the governmental policies. The freedom of speech and the political actions were ceded to the monarch, who governed at the place of the political parties and he controlled the unions, by using the guilds.

  4. The Democratic Party of Córdoba before the November 1931 elections

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    Desiree del Valle Osella

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the Cordoba Democratic leaders's actions for orchestrating an electoral solution to the uriburista dictatorship, considering the results of the elections; strategy to integrate a national electoral antiyrigoyenista coalition (The National Democratic Party and the reaction that it brought about within the group. How ever the Democrats triumphed comfortably in the provincial and municipal elections; the PDN victory was not very pronounced. Integrating meant to PD coalition the defection of the leaders who saw in it the loss of the progressivism that characterized the Cordoba party

  5. Selecting Japan's New Prime Minister. Prepared as Background for the Liberal Democratic Party Presidential Elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krauss, Ellis S.

    Divided into four major parts, this document explains the significance of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) in Japan. Part 1 indicates that the LDP has governed Japan since 1955 and controls 445 seats in the 764 seat parliament. The selection of the prime minister, chosen from within the ruling party, is seen as vital to U.S. interests. For…

  6. Corruption and Local Democratization in Indonesia: The Role of Islamic Parties1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, J. Vernon; Kuncoro, Ari

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia has a tradition of corruption among local officials who harass and collect bribes from firms. This paper examines whether corruption is affected by a change in institutions introducing local democratization and by party composition of local assemblies. Democratization occurred in 1999 and decentralization in 2001. We have firm-level data for 2001 and 2004. The 2001 data benchmark corruption at the time of decentralization, but for a limited sample of districts. We find that corruption declines between 2001 and 2004 overall, but much less [more] so in districts with more secular [Islamic] party representatives in district assemblies. For a larger sample of districts, correspondingly, we find that corruption in 2004 is more in districts which voted more in favor of secular party representatives in the first elections in 1999. We argue that the effects seem to be causal, over above any effects of changing religiosity and economic circumstances across districts. PMID:25083023

  7. Corruption and Local Democratization in Indonesia: The Role of Islamic Parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, J Vernon; Kuncoro, Ari

    2011-03-01

    Indonesia has a tradition of corruption among local officials who harass and collect bribes from firms. This paper examines whether corruption is affected by a change in institutions introducing local democratization and by party composition of local assemblies. Democratization occurred in 1999 and decentralization in 2001. We have firm-level data for 2001 and 2004. The 2001 data benchmark corruption at the time of decentralization, but for a limited sample of districts. We find that corruption declines between 2001 and 2004 overall, but much less [more] so in districts with more secular [Islamic] party representatives in district assemblies. For a larger sample of districts, correspondingly, we find that corruption in 2004 is more in districts which voted more in favor of secular party representatives in the first elections in 1999. We argue that the effects seem to be causal, over above any effects of changing religiosity and economic circumstances across districts.

  8. Politicians without borders. Transnational networks, political parties and democratization in Latin America

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    Fernando PEDROSA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper lies within the Latin America democratization studies, emphasizing the activity of politicians and political parties as transnational actors and considering the interconnection between different levels (local, national and international was one of the main resour­ces for politicians in democratization contexts. Through them, they built personal relationships networks in a transnational level as a decisive strategy to accumulate power, prestige and other resources. Socialist International missions will be addressed as an example of political action, little considered by specialized literature but very influential at that time.

  9. Political Instability in Nepal: Examining the Roles of the Parties and Monarchy in the Second Democratic Period (1990-2002)

    OpenAIRE

    Pathak , Surya Prasad; Surya Prasad, Pathak

    2012-01-01

    This paper has related two goals. First, it examines the root causes of the breakdown of democracy in Nepal, focuses on second democratic period (1990-2002), and second, it explores the future prospects of democracy in Nepal. In order to identify the problems of the breakdown of democracy in Nepal, this research draws upon interviews conducted in Nepal with politicians of the two largest parties in the second democratic period (1990-2002), the Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal ...

  10. The drastic outcomes from voting alliances in three-party bottom-up democratic voting (1990 $\\rightarrow$ 2013)

    CERN Document Server

    Galam, Serge

    2013-01-01

    The drastic effect of local alliances in three-party competition is investigated in democratic hierarchical bottom-up voting. The results are obtained analytically using a model which extends a sociophysics frame introduced in 1986 \\cite{psy} and 1990 \\cite{lebo} to study two-party systems and the spontaneous formation of democratic dictatorship. It is worth stressing that the 1990 paper was published in the Journal of Statistical Physics, the first paper of its kind in the journal. It was shown how a minority in power can preserve its leadership using bottom-up democratic elections. However such a bias holds only down to some critical value of minimum support. The results were used latter to explain the sudden collapse of European communist parties in the nineties. The extension to three-party competition reveals the mechanisms by which a very small minority party can get a substantial representation at higher levels of the hierarchy when the other two competing parties are big. Additional surprising results...

  11. No alternative for Swedish teachers? The recontextualisation of discourses of teacher professionalism in Social Democrat-Green Party coalition policy

    OpenAIRE

    Milner, Alison

    2015-01-01

    Sweden is faced with a teacher recruitment and retention crisis. In an attempt to attract more to the profession, the newly elected Social Democrat-Green Party coalition claims to promote an alternative discourse of teacher professionalism to that of its centre-right predecessor. Yet, government policy is formulated within the wider context of cultural and economic globalization and, as a minority government, the red-green coalition must gain the consent of the opposition to implement policy,...

  12. Junior coalition parties in the British context: Explaining the Liberal Democrat collapse at the 2015 general election

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, C.; Middleton, AF

    2016-01-01

    The Liberal Democrats’ performance in the 2015 general election provides an opportunity to examine the only case in the post-war period of a national junior coalition partner in British politics. Comparative research highlights competence, trust and leadership as three key challenges facing junior coalition parties. This article uses British Election Study data to show that the Liberal Democrats failed to convince the electorate on all three counts. The article also uses constituency-level da...

  13. Structural Ambiguity of the Liberal Democratic Party: The Dissolution of the Diet in 2005 and the Reinstatement Problem

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    ITO, Takuya

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to explain the ambiguous structure of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP even when under the leadership of Koizumi Jun-ichiro, who adopted the slogan, 'structural reform without sanctuary'. The paper discusses the dissolution of the Diet in 2005 and the problem of reinstating the former LDP members who had opposed the privatization of the postal system. It is noteworthy that the succeeding LDP president Abe Shinzo, who adopted the 'challenge again' (saicharenji slogan, suddenly opted for their reinstatement. However, this paper argues that the reinstatement was not planned by Abe but Koizumi, who merely pretended to clarify the structure of the LDP by dissolving the Diet and fighting the rebels in the snap general election. This implies that his 'structural reform without sanctuary' slogan had a sanctuary—the LDP itself as the governing party. This will be explained by describing the process through which the rebels were reinstated in the party.

  14. New PDP Phosphors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Baohua

    2002-01-01

    @@ A project on the development of phosphors for color plasma display panels (PDP), conducted by researchers from the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (CIAC), CAS, has recently passed the evaluation in Changchun, capital of northeast China's Jilin Province. The evaluation panel concluded that the PDP was advanced in technique and especially the red phosphor is on a par with the similar products manufactured by Japan in 2001 and shows better secondary characteristics.

  15. (Re)Construction of Christian Democratic party identity in Germany and The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oppelland, Torsten; Voerman, Gerrit

    2014-01-01

    olitical parties need some form of collective identity, probably even more than most other social groups, because they are extremely open organizations which have very little control over who joins them; because most party activism is voluntary; and because parties are very heterogeneous social grou

  16. (Re)Construction of Christian Democratic party identity in Germany and The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oppelland, Torsten; Voerman, Gerrit

    2014-01-01

    olitical parties need some form of collective identity, probably even more than most other social groups, because they are extremely open organizations which have very little control over who joins them; because most party activism is voluntary; and because parties are very heterogeneous social

  17. China's Democratic Party organization development problem and countermeasure analysis%我国民主党派组织发展问题及对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董鹏; 张二妹

    2014-01-01

    in the new historical period, along with the development of the society in our country, and the change of social economic structure, in the development of Democratic Party organization, the democratic parties members of the organization development convergence and guide the development of the Democratic Party organization theory construction relative lag, the Democratic Party's basic-level organization vitality not strong party responsibility consciousness, party members and political consciousness and other issues to be studied.From the thought construction, the theory of construction, organization construction, system construction, etc, respectively, puts forward the overall thinking and specific countermeasures and Suggestions, in order to improve the present democratic construction of organization development.%在新的历史时期,随着我国社会的发展,及社会经济结构的变化,在民主党派组织发展过程中,民主党派组织发展成员趋同现象、指导民主党派组织发展的理论建设相对滞后、民主党派基层组织活力不强、党派成员政党责任意识和参政意识淡薄等问题亟待研究。从思想建设、理论建设、组织建设、制度建设等方面分别提出总体思路和具体对策建议,以期完善现阶段民主党派组织发展建设。

  18. Phosphors and PDP, LED Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Phosphors for PDP has good prospect for the largepotential of PDP industry. LED technology brings new marketto be developed. Developing phosphors for white LED withhigh efficiency and low light attenuation is an urgent work todo. Application of phosphors in color LED is in initial stage.1. Good Prospect of Phosphors for PDPColor PDP is widely used today. Three-prime-colorphosphor excited by VUV is the key material for color PDP.This makes research on three-prime-color phosphor for colorPDP important. Follow...

  19. Cultural democratization and the politics of recognition: notes on the trajectory of the workers´ party (PT

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    Paulo J. Krischke

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available These research notes raise the hypothesis that the Worker´s Party (PT actively participates in the cultural democratization of the country - for instance, through its initiatives for the recognition of the citizen´s sociopolitical and cultural diversity. First, there is a need to distinguish between the policies of socioeconomic redistribution and those policies geared to sociopolitical and cultural recognition. Second, it is also necessary to focus on the relations between participatory policies and changes in the political culture. Such relations may show that the increasing support to democracy accompanies the recognition of pluralism and of the right to difference, among the youth, and in the locations administered by the PT during the last decade.

  20. Social Democratic parties as buffers against the extreme right : the case of Belgium

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffé, Hilde

    2008-01-01

    While the Vlaams Blok (currently Vlaams Belang) became one of the most successful and electorally durable extreme-right parties in Europe in the 1990s, the francophone Front National has yet to achieve a stable basis of support. We argue that an important reason for this divergence has been the

  1. Voting for a change : The democratic lure of populist radical right parties in voting behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Immerzeel, T.

    2015-01-01

    With the entrance and growing popularity of populist radical right parties (PRRs) in Western and Eastern European democracies in the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, the scientific and public debate has recently focused on the ‘threatening’ and ‘corrective’ consequences of the PRR for contemporary

  2. Voting for a change : The democratic lure of populist radical right parties in voting behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Immerzeel, T.

    2015-01-01

    With the entrance and growing popularity of populist radical right parties (PRRs) in Western and Eastern European democracies in the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, the scientific and public debate has recently focused on the ‘threatening’ and ‘corrective’ consequences of the PRR for contemporary democracie

  3. 论加强保障党员民主权利的制度建设%On Systematic Construction of Enhancing Party Members Democratic Right Guarantee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓清

    2012-01-01

    Report of the Seventeenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China says Respecting the Party members prominent role, guaranteeing their democratic rights and promoting Party affairsJopening to establish democratic circumstances's Under the new status, enhancing systematic construction of the Party membersJdemocratic rights proves significance for maintaining the Party’s advanced nature in the new epoch, consolidating the Party's democratic construction and improving the Party's administrative competency.%党的十七大报告指出:”尊重党员主体地位,保障党员民主权利,推进党务公开,营造党内民主讨论环境”。在新的情况下,大力加强党员民主权利保障的制度建设,对新时期保持党的先进性、推进党内民主建设和提高党的执政能力具有重要的现实意义。

  4. Turkish Journalists as the “Chivalry” of Democracy: The Case of the Co-emergence of Democrat Party and Turkish Journalists’ Association in 1946

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    Saadet Yilmaz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to depict the interrelationship and interdependency between the media and the politics. Specifically, it explores the direct and positive correlation between the pluralism in press and democracy. In Turkey, in 1946, people had encountered new reforms in the political tradition and passes through the path of “immature” multiparty politics in addition; the foundations of the organizations against mono-party affiliated; “government motivated newspapers”. Turkish newspapers were the field of battle of deputies and mostly dominated by the Republican People’s Party. (In fact the situation is not weird since every bureaucrat and the civil servant were the natural members of the party. The emergence of Democrat Party led to the opposition in the people of media who immediately founded Turkish Journalists’ Association seeking freedom of press.

  5. The Dutch Political Reformed Party (SGP and Passive Female Suffrage: A Comparison of Three High Court Judgments From the Viewpoint of Democratic Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaco van den Brink

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Traditionally, in the Netherlands the idea was that political parties were essentially private associations in whose internal affairs the state ought not to interfere. However, the case of the Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij (Political Reformed Party, hereafter, SGP has led to a political and public debate on whether this view can be maintained. This article examines the case of the SGP, particularly from the viewpoint of democratic theory. It eventually concludes that party regulation does not need to remain a taboo topic forever, even in the Netherlands, although with the SGP having recently changed its own constitution it may take a while until further provisions will be introduced. Care should be taken, however, that it does not lead to unnecessary infringements on the constitutional freedoms of minorities such as the SGP and its followers. After all, what is the point in pursuing non-discriminatory policies that are themselves discriminatory?

  6. 论共产党的执政经验对民主党派的示范和引领作用%On Ruling Experience of the Communist Partys Model and Guidance to Democratic Party of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐凤月

    2012-01-01

    CPC has accumulated rich experience the ruling way for a long time, CPC as the ruling party, has paid great attention to the ruling experience. At the same time, the ruling party has summarized its ruling experience to lead the democratic parties constantly. As the political party, democratic parties has learnt the Communist Party 's ruling experience seriously to improve their abilities to participate in state affairs.%中国实行的是中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度,中国共产党在思想建设、自身组织建设、制度建设、作风建设上,经过长期的革命和执政实践、积累了丰富的经验,为各民主党派起到了良好的示范作用。新阶段,中国共产党要以社会主义核心价值体系来引领各民主党派的各项工作,推动多党合作的深入发展;各民主党派要以党为师,努力构建学习型参政党,在稳定有序的环境中顺利地完成政治交接任务,不断提高民主党派参政能力。

  7. 中国共产党民主制度建设探析%Analysis on the Construction of Democratic System of the Chinese communist Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王忠; 张秀菊

    2011-01-01

    The communist party of China has established for ninety.After bumpy,to form and content of democracy also experienced by fuzzy,restricted or misunderstanding gradually reached consensus of the mature of the process.It is based on the practice of profound reflection and future national highly responsible attitude.The communist party of China on "what is democracy" and the democratic system architecture for the feasible thinking and construction,made the obvious achievements.At present,China's democratic development strategy should develop long-term,accord with the situation of China democratic development strategy.%中国共产党对民主的内涵、形式的认识经历了由模糊、局限或认识误区,到逐步形成共识、趋于成熟的过程。回顾反思这一发展历程,科学谋划未来,对党的民主政治建设意义深远。当前,中国的民主制度建设应当制定长远的、符合中国国情的发展战略。

  8. Russian «westerners». the history of the party «Democratic choice of Russia» (1992 – 1999

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    V. M. Banach

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article focused on the Russian liberal-democratic ideas which were widespread in the first years after collapse of the Soviet Union. Traditionally, in the Russian social and political thought supporters of the close relations with the EU and the US, the free market economic reforms, the representative democracy, freedom of speech, press, religion called «Westerners». This publication, based on previously unpublished archival materials and the press of those times, considered the history, the main ideological principles of most consistent in advocating pro-Western vector of development of post-Soviet Russia - the party «Democratic Choice of Russia». Particularly, attention is paid to the DCR participation in parliamentary elections in 1993, 1995 and 1999, the party’s position to the first and second Chechen Wars, foreign policy views of the party leaders, especially on the integration processes within the Commonwealth of Independent States. In the article was also analyzed the main reasons for the defeat of the leading liberal-democratic forces in Russia during the 1990s, which led eventually to the collapse of democracy and the gradual introduction of the authoritarian regime of Vladimir Putin in the 2000s.

  9. The German social democratic party (SPD) and the debate on the fertility decline in the German Empire (1870~1918).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mun, Soo-Hyun

    2011-12-31

    This paper aimed to examine the debate over the fertility decline in the German Empire, focusing on the role of the SPD. During the German Empire, the fertility rate dramatically declined and the growing awareness of a continuous decline in the birth rate prompted a massive debate among politicians, doctors, sociologists, and feminist activists. The fertility decline was negatively evaluated and generated consciousness of crisis. However, it was not the only way to face this new phenomenon. Indeed, the use of birth control among the upper class was interpreted as a part of a modernizing process. As the same phenomenon reached the working class, it suddenly became a social problem and was attributed to the SPD. The debate over the fertility decline in imperial German society ridden with a fierce class conflict was developed into a weapon against the SPD. Contrary to the assumption of conservative politicians, the SPD had no clear-cut position on this issue. Except for a few politicians like Kautsky and the doctors who came into frequent contact with the workers, the "birth strike" was not listed as the main interest of the SPD. Even Clara Zetkin, the leader of the Social Democratic women's organization viewed it as a concern of the individual person which could not be incorporated in the party program. The women's organization of the SPD put priority on class conflict rather than issues specific to women. As a result, the debate over the birth rate decline within the SPD was not led by the women themselves. There could have been various means to stimulate the birth rate. Improvement in the welfare system, such as tax relief for large families, better housing conditions, and substantial maternity protection, could have been feasible solutions to the demographic crisis. However, Germany chose to respond to this crisis by imposing legal sanctions against birth control. In addition to paragraphs 218-220 of the German criminal law enacted in 1872 which prescribed penal

  10. Adult education policies of the government of Democrat PartyDemokrat Parti iktidarının halk eğitimi politikaları

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    Melehat Gezer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The revolutionary developments performed with the establishment of Turkish Republic changed the political, social, legal and economic structure of Turkish society. Among these developments, education had a significant part. In the Republican period, there were many efforts to make the public more conscious and organized through the Turkish Hearth movement, public schools and community centres. Foreign educational specialists and teachers also contributed to these efforts, which were oriented to modernising education.The Democratic Party (DP, a milestone in Turkey’s post-Republican political history, made many achievements in a variety of fields, such as health, economy and foreign policy. Moreover, it significantly improved public education. This study analyses the DP’s public education efforts in the 1950s, when the DP invited Professor Watson Dickerman, a specialist in the field of adult (public education, to Turkey to take his advice about these projects. Dickerman investigated and analysed the field of adult education in Turkey and filed a report to the Ministry of Education including his observations and suggestions. Dickerman’s report about adult education considerably influenced the DP’s adult education policy. Following his report, the DP established the Department of Adult Education in 1951, which was subject to the General Directorate of Higher Education and the Ministry of Education.In 1952, the Office of Adult Education went into service. The activities of this institution were conducted in villages and sub-districts. Public lecture rooms were opened in villages and sub-districts in 1953, and community colleges were founded in districts in 1956. The General Directorate of Adult Education was founded on August 29, 1960. Its main goals were to enlarge the sphere of influence of adult education services and to manage nationwide activities systematically under one institution. These improvements demonstrate that adult education

  11. Overestimating the ‘Power Shift’: The US role in the failure of the Democratic Party of Japan’s ‘Asia Pivot’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    O'Shea, Paul

    2014-01-01

    In 2009 the Democratic Party of Japan came to power with a new foreign policy tailored to the regional and global power shift from the United States to China: a more equal relationship with the United States and improved relations with Japan’s Asian neighbours. Within nine months the new Prime....... This article provides an alternative perspective. Drawing on the power literature in International Relations, and in particular the concept of discursive power, it demonstrates how Washington turned the Futenma base relocation and other issues into a major crisis in Japan-United States relations in order...

  12. On the Democratic Recommendation System of Party Recruitment in Colleges%大学生党员发展对象民主推荐机制探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘长平

    2011-01-01

    In response to some problems in recruiting Party members among college student,such as lack of comprehensive knowledge of the candidates,inadequate poll and so on,it is proposed that a "five-level recommendation" system be established,namely,recommendations from Party member candidates,student Party members,headteachers,counselors and self-recommendation.Hence the recruitment will be more democratic and the quality of the student Party members will be guaranteed.%针对基层大学生党支部确定发展对象过程中存在的考察不全面、民意表达不充分等现象,可以通过构建入党积极分子推荐、学生党员推荐、班主任推荐、辅导员老师推荐和个人自荐的"五位一体"发展对象推荐模式,使党支部发展党员民主氛围更为浓厚,发展党员的质量得到提升,从而增加群众满意度,密切党群关系,推进基层党支部民主制度建设。

  13. Invoking “The Family” to Legitimize Gender- and Sexuality-Based Public Policies in the United States: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the 2012 Democratic and Republican National Party Conventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Pilecki

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Women and sexual minorities in the United States continue to experience subordinate status, and the policy gains they have made in areas such as reproductive rights and marriage equality continue to be challenged in political discourse. We conducted a critical discourse analysis of texts from the 2012 Democratic and Republican national conventions in order to examine the extent to which ideological representations of the family were employed to legitimize public policy positions related to gender (e.g., abortion and sexuality (e.g., same-sex marriage. We analyzed two forms of text (official party platform document, transcripts of speeches with distinct intended audiences (i.e., party members, general audience. Findings revealed that an ideological representation of the traditional family ideal—featuring a heterosexual couple, their children, and asymmetric gender relations—was present within speeches given by both parties, particularly by the spouses of the presidential candidates (Michelle Obama and Ann Romney. Although this ideological representation was subsequently used within the Republican Party platform to legitimize positions against same-sex marriage and abortion, the Democratic Party platform challenged this representation of the family to instead advocate for policy positions in favor of same-sex marriage and women’s reproductive rights. We discuss this ambivalence within Democratic texts in light of the different audiences that party convention texts seek. Implications for gender- and sexuality-based policies are discussed, as well as the importance of examining political discourse across diverse forms and settings.

  14. How Does the Democratic Party of Japan Affect Security Policy? High-Profile Stumbles and Quiet Progress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    DPJ grew into a major party largely by absorbing successive waves of conservative politicians that defected from the LDP, including Ozawa Ichirou and...cleavage had already begun to emerge between “pro- Ozawa ” and “anti- Ozawa ” politicians. In this environment, security policy may be used as a proxy for...of Ozawa – as his first and second defense ministers in part to make an overture toward Ozawa and his supporters, despite these two politicians

  15. On the effective ways of strengthening inner-Party democratic supervision%浅谈高校加强党内民主监督的有效途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵炳起; 黄海洋

    2012-01-01

      高校是培养各种高级人才的重要文化领域与教研学术阵地,在运行管理机制上存在特殊性,在高校党建事业当中,党内民主监督在学术与行政权力方面具有双重制约的特殊作用,但高校党内的民主监督还存在一些问题,提出解决措施,加强党内民主的监督途径,可有效促进学校事业发展,实现科教人才强国战略。%  The college is the important field of culture and teaching and research academic positions to train all kinds of talents, and there are particularity in the operation and management mechanism, in the college Party construction, the inner-Party democratic supervision has the dual constraints of the special effects on academic and administrative power, but there are still a few problems in the Party 's democratic supervision, propose solutions, strengthening inner-Party democratic supervision way, can effectively promote the development of school cause, implement science and education strategy of talent powerful nation.

  16. The Discussion on Strengthening the Democratic Parties Participating in Politics Mechanism Construction%加强各民主党派参政议政机制建设问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽萍; 马进

    2012-01-01

    民主党派参政议政是中国共产党领导下的多党合作和政治协商制度的重要组成部分,民主党派参政议政机制建设的薄弱是妨碍民主党派参政议政的主要问题。机制建设应从四个方面着手:一是建立和健全话语表达机制,保证信息渠道;二是建立和完善参政议政联动机制,实现整体效能发挥;三是建立健全参政议政与重大决策相统一的机制,反映民主党派的利益诉求;四是建立和完善学习机制,构建学习型民主党派的党组织,培养参政议政的能力。%The democratic Party participating in politics is under the leadership of the communist party of China multi-Party coop eration and political consultation system is an important part of.This paper argues that the Democratic Parties participating in politics mechanism construction is the main problem.The democratic Parties participating in politics is concerned,system construction in our province from four aspects: firstly,to establish and improve words expressing mechanism,ensure that information channels.Secondly,es tablish and perfect the linkage mechanism,realize the overall efficiency of participating in politics.Thirdly,establish and perfect the participating politics of unity with major decision mechanism,reflect democratic interest demand.Fourth,establish and perfect the mech anism of learning,construction of learning-oriented Democratic Party organization,cultivate the ability of participating in politics.

  17. Analysis on the New Media's Influence on Ideological Inclination of the Members of Democratic Parties%新媒体对民主党派成员思想取向的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙瑞华

    2014-01-01

    当前,新媒体以其前所未有的姿态影响着人类的生活方式和思想取向。分析研究新媒体对民主党派成员思想取向的影响程度及其表现,努力掌握新媒体环境下民主党派思想建设的主动权,创建民主党派思想建设的新格局,是新形势下增强民主党派思想建设实效性的必然选择。%At present,the new media is unprecedentedly influencing the life style and ideological inclination of human beings.Under the new circumstances,it is an inevitable choice for us to analyze and study the new media's ideological influence on members of the democratic parties,endeavor to take the initiative in ideological construction of democratic parties under the new media environment,and create a new pattern of such ideological construction,so as to enhance the effectiveness of democratic parties'ideological construction.

  18. 日本自民党的政党自律%The Self-discipline of Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    储建国; 栾欣超

    2015-01-01

    In modern parliamentary democracy countries, there are few political parties like Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) who can occupy the most of ruling time and can also make its country edged into the ranks of developed countries. The fact may be inseparable from the self-discipline of LDP to a certain extent. Firstly, Japan’s political culture including corporatism, hierarchy and“non-individualism”plays a key role in cultivating the self-discipline consciousness of LDP. Secondly, through some of its formal and informal organizations, the LDP actualizes self-discipline in the process of maintaining self-discipline and enhancing political coherence. Thirdly, LDP establishes a kind of self-discipline mechanism in the process of policy-making and interests-induction. At the same time, the paper also emphasizes that some of spiritual factors which are created to strengthen self-discipline by LDP also reinforce narrow nationalism in international politics which poses a threat to regional and international peace.%在现代议会制民主国家中,像日本自民党这样能够占据绝大多数执政时间并带领它的国家跻身发达国家行列的政党尚为数不多,这在一定程度上与自民党的政党自律密不可分。首先,日本式集团主义、等级观念和“间人主义”的政治文化,培育了自民党的政党自律意识。其次,自民党通过一些正式的和非正式的组织结构,在保持自身纪律性、提高政治统合能力的同时实现了某种自律。再次,在政策制定和利益诱导等政策过程中,自民党建立了其自律机制。同时,本文还强调,日本自民党增强党内自律的精神因素在国际政治中强化了一种狭隘的国家主义,为地区和国际和平带来威胁。

  19. 南非共产党民族民主革命理论刍议%On the Theory of National Democratic Revolution of the Communist Party of South Africa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程光德

    2011-01-01

    The Communist Party of South Africa is the first Marxist - Leninist political party in Mrica, and is also the largest existing power and the most influential party in Africa. The theory of national democratic revolution is the most important theory which guides the working class and the poor people of South Africa to transit to socialism. "Transitional stage" form of socialism is the guiding principle of this theory, South Africa is a special form of colonialism,which is the social background of the formation of this theory. The Communist Party of South Africa believes that the class struggle, gender struggle and the national question is the core content of the national democratic revolution, there is no contradiction between national democratic revolution and socialist revolution, they complement each other. During the period of the current transition to socialism, the Communist Party of South Afirca should focus on building a socialist factor from the perspective of economy.%南非共产党(简称南非共)是非洲第一个马列主义政党,也是非洲现存力量及影响最大的共产党。民族民主革命理论是现阶段南非共指导南非工人阶级和穷人大众向社会主义过渡最重要的理论。“过渡阶段”的社会主义是这一理论形成的指导思想,南非特殊类型殖民主义是这一理论形成的社会背景。南非共认为民族民主革命理论包含紧密联系的三个方面:阶级斗争、性别斗争及民族问题。民族民主革命与社会主义革命并不矛盾,而是互为补充。当前向社会主义过渡,应着重从经济方面构建社会主义因素。

  20. Political Parties and Democracy in Haiti

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    States continues its xv efforts to hold Haitian elites accountable to the ideals and rules of their democratic system in order for party system...schism between the ruling party and a democratic alternative that seeks political power outside of Haiti�s legitimate democratic system . Such actions...States should continue in its efforts to hold Haitian elites accountable to the ideals and rules of a democratic system . The repressive and corrupt

  1. PDP data download from https://www.ams.usda.gov/datasets/pdp

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Pesticide Data Program (PDP) is a national pesticide residue monitoring program and produces the most comprehensive pesticide residue database in the U.S. The...

  2. PDP cycle 1 tests at INEL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harker, Y.D.; Twedell, G.W. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1997-11-01

    The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) is a participant in the nondestructive assay Performance Demonstration Program (PDP) as part of the U.S. TRU Waste Characterization Program. The PDP program was designed to help ensure compliance with the quality assurance objectives (QAO`s) in the TRU Waste Characterization Program Plan. In June, 1996, cycle 1 of PDP program was completed at the Stored Waste Examination Pilot Plant (SWEPP) at INEL. The assay capability at INEL/SWEPP consists of a passive active neutron (PAN) radioassay system (for bulk fissile material assay) and a passive gamma spectrometry system (for isotopic mass ratio determination). The results from the two systems are combined to produce a single assay report which contains isotopic information ({sup 238}Pu, {sup 239}Pu), density, total activity, alpha activity, TRU activity, TRU activity concentration, Pu equivalent Curies and fissile gram equivalent. The PDP cycle 1 tests were expected to test bias and precision of the assay systems under nearly ideal conditions; ie., non-interfering matrices and little or no source self shielding. The test consisted of two drums in which the source loading was not known by the site. One drum was essentially empty and the other was filled with ethafoam. As per PDP`s instructions, the tests were to be conducted using the same procedures and equipment that normally would be used by SWEPP to assay real waste drums. This paper will discuss the lessons learned from these tests and INEL`s plans to improve the capabilities of the SWEPP assay systems. 7 refs., 6 tabs.

  3. 世界上第一个社会主义政党德国社会民主工党首建垂范%Model Setting by the World’s First Socialist Party:the Social Democratic Workers’Party of Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高放

    2014-01-01

    As the world’s first socialist party,the Social Democratic Workers’Party of Germany experienced five stages of tortuous development during its nearly five decades of history. Such tortuous growth for the Social Democratic Workers’Party of Germany was caused both by the mistaken influences of the Lassallism from within and the cruel repression by the imperial dictatorship from without. However,due to continuous long term assistance from Marx and Engels,insistence of Party leadership by Bebel,Liebknecht and others,and extremely hard and lofty struggles by the party members,the German party was eventually able to set a model for parties in other coun-tries in various aspects such as drafting scientific program and democratic charter,perfecting the party organization, combining legal and secret struggles,establishing party journals and party schools,and rectifying intraparty“left”and right erroneous tendencies. The party eventually went political bankruptcy because of the erosion of revisionism and the shroud of Chauvinism. The German Party had rich experience and profound lessons. Its impacts of model setting on world socialist and communist movements should be sufficiently affirmed.%作为世界上第一个社会主义政党,德国社会民主党在头50年中经历了五个发展阶段,经历了曲折的发展道路。德国社会民主党如此曲折成长是因党内深受拉萨尔主义的错误影响,党外又遭到帝国专制政府的残酷迫害。然而德国党因有马克思、恩格斯长期不懈帮助,倍倍尔、李卜克内西等人坚持党的领导和广大党员艰苦卓绝奋斗,终能在制定科学纲领和民主制章程、健全党的组织、进行合法斗争与秘密斗争相结合、主办党的报刊和党校、纠正党内“左”和右的错误倾向等方面,为当时各国党树立典范。党最后因修正主义侵蚀和沙文主义笼罩而在政治上破产。德国党经验丰富、教训深刻,它在世

  4. Sistema de partidos y cambio democrático: aproximaciones al caso dominicano Party system and democratic change: approaches to the Dominican case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilfredo LOZANO

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan las transformaciones de los partidos políticos y del sistema de partidos, tras la desaparición de los líderes fundadores de los tres principales partidos políticos modernos: Bosch (PLD, Peña Gómez (PRD y Balaguer (PRSC. Se analizan los procesos constitutivos del sistema de partidos y los estilos de liderazgo. Se discute la relación del sistema de partidos con el Estado, destacando su ascendiente neopatrimonialista y la función del clientelismo. Finalmente, se proponen algunas notas destacando el proceso de formación de una élite neopatrimonialista y el manejo clientelar de la política electoral.The analysis of transformation of political parties as well as the party system have taken place after the disappearance of the three mayor political leaders and founders of the three most important modern political parties: Bosch (PLD, Peña Gómez (PRD and Balaguer (PRSC. The constituent process of party system and leadership styles have been studied. The relationship between party systems and the State have been discussed, emphasizing its neopatrimonialist ascending and clientelism performance. Finally, a few notes have been provided in order to address the development of a neopatrimonialist elite and clientelistic management of electoral politics.

  5. 11 August 2008 - Member of the House of Councillors M. Naito (The National Diet of Japan, The Democratic Party of Japan) visiting the ATLAS experiment control room with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and ATLAS Muon Project Leader G. Mikenberg. Family photograph with CERN Japanese scientists in front of the ATLAS surface building.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    11 August 2008 - Member of the House of Councillors M. Naito (The National Diet of Japan, The Democratic Party of Japan) visiting the ATLAS experiment control room with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and ATLAS Muon Project Leader G. Mikenberg. Family photograph with CERN Japanese scientists in front of the ATLAS surface building.

  6. Association of Finnish Members of Parliament and Researchers: Social Democratic Parliamentary group MP K. Olin, Former Finnish MP M. Tiuri, Finnish Centre Party MP P. Vilkuna, Senior Assistant Professor I. Ruostetsaari and Finnish Parliament Committee of Future Researcher U. Gabrielsson at ATLAS experiment with P. Jenn, M. Nordberg and M. Kotamaki on 15 September 2006.

    CERN Document Server

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    Association of Finnish Members of Parliament and Researchers: Social Democratic Parliamentary group MP K. Olin, Former Finnish MP M. Tiuri, Finnish Centre Party MP P. Vilkuna, Senior Assistant Professor I. Ruostetsaari and Finnish Parliament Committee of Future Researcher U. Gabrielsson at ATLAS experiment with P. Jenn, M. Nordberg and M. Kotamaki on 15 September 2006.

  7. 21 CFR 814.19 - Product development protocol (PDP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Product development protocol (PDP). 814.19 Section...) MEDICAL DEVICES PREMARKET APPROVAL OF MEDICAL DEVICES General § 814.19 Product development protocol (PDP). A class III device for which a product development protocol has been declared completed by FDA...

  8. The Paraguayan democratization process: advances and opposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel UHARTE POZAS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the new conceptions of democracy in Latin America, this work attempts to evaluate the democratization process that is taking place in Paraguay, as a consequence of the historical defeat suffered by the Colorado Party in the presidential elections of 2008. The analysis identifies the reasons for the triumph of the heterogeneous coalition lead by ex-bishop Fernando Lugo and evaluates three aspects of the process: political democratization, social democratization and mass participation.

  9. Senator James Eastland : Mississippi's Jim Crow Democrat

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwiers, Maarten

    2015-01-01

    In the years following World War II, the national Democratic Party aligned its agenda more and more with the goals of the civil rights movement. By contrast, a majority of southern Democrats remained as committed as ever to a longstanding segregationist ideology. Through the career of Senator James

  10. 加强党内基层民主建设推动国有企业政治优势转化%Strengthening Inner-party Democratic Construction at the Grassroots Level and Promoting the Political Advantage Transformation of State-owned Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏学津

    2014-01-01

    It is the fundamental requirement to strengthen inner-party democratic construction at the grassroots level so as to give full play to the political core role of Party organizations in state-owned enterprises ,and keep the correct development direction of enterprises ;it is also the objective requirement to promote the harmony of state-owned enterprises by inner-par-ty harmony .The Party member desire expression platform and the carrier should be built to strengthen inner-party democrat-ic construction at the grassroots level and promote the political advantage transformation of state-owned enterprises ;The e-lectoral system should be further improved and the inner-party electoral democracy ranges expanded;the electoral procedure should be regulated to respect and represent the will of the electors ;measures should be taken to establish and perfect other systems matching the inner-party election system .%加强党内基层民主建设,是充分发挥国有企业党组织政治核心作用,始终保持企业正确发展方向的根本要求;是国有企业以党内和谐促进企业和谐的客观要求。加强党内基层民主建设,推动国有企业政治优势转化,可采取搭建党员意愿表达平台和载体;进一步完善选举制度,不断扩大党内选举的民主范围;规范尊重和体现选举人意志的选举程序;建立健全与党内选举制度相配套的制度等措施。

  11. Automated explosive pellet manufacturing using a PDP-14 programmable controller

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Page, D.O.

    1976-10-29

    A Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-14 Industrial Programmable Controller was employed to provide automatic, closed-loop control for an explosive pellet manufacturing system at Mound Laboratory. Programmable controllers allow the application of sophisticated and flexible control, through programming. Advantages of the PDP-14 controller are ease of installation and maintenance, capability for modular expansion, and immunity to electrical noise. Safety requirements were met by using new techniques for adapting electrical equipment to a hazardous environment and by locating the PDP-14 remotely outside the explosive area. Another advantage of the new explosion proofing (EP) methods/equipment was that they produced a minimum of clutter on the controlled explosive pellet manufacturing system.

  12. The Reasons and Future of"Middle Way"to Democratic Progressive Party%民进党“中间化道路”选择的原因及前景分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱陆民; 刘燕

    2013-01-01

    The leader's election of Taiwan in 2012 has ended up with the reappointment of Ma Yingjiu. Su Zhengchang,the leader of Democratic Progressive Party, appealed to revise "the Independence of Taiwan" policy, which has been modulated in someway in the recent years. DPP intended to the "Middle Way",which is the requirement of the development of DPP itself and the Mainland and international situation. The"Middle Way"is not only good for the development of DPP,but good for stabling Taiwan situation,benefiting people of Taiwan and Mainland.%2012年台湾地区领导人大选以国民党人马英九成功连任落幕,民进党大佬苏贞昌随即提议“修改‘台独’党纲”。民进党近年来在某种程度上逐渐调整“台独”党纲,呈现出走“中间化道路”的趋势,这既是其自身发展的需要也是大陆和国际局势发展的要求,“中间化道路”有利于民进党的壮大,也有利于稳定台海局势,维护两岸人民的共同利益。

  13. Democratic Chaos: How Taiwanese Democracy Destabilized Cross-Strait Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    constitutional revisions, the ROC went from a party-state system like the PRC is to a maturing democratic system . With this change came an even...campaign funds becomes especially important in an increasingly evolved democratic system . The role of media outlets, and consequently advertising, grows...independence from the PRC as much as they were necessary to fully implement a more democratic system on the island. As outlined above, the political parties

  14. Commentary on Ethnic Solidarity Work of the Communist Party of China before the Democratic Reform in Tibet%民主改革前党的西藏民族团结工作分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴海燕

    2014-01-01

    民族团结是社会和谐与发展进步的基石。没有民族团结,就无法实现真正的民族平等,无法最终实现社会和谐。在具体的社会实践中,民族团结既是一个复杂的过程,又是一种现实状态。巩固和加强各民族的大团结,应重视考察民族地区的民族团结工作实践。中国共产党在西藏民主改革前的民族团结工作及经验,为我们做好现实民族团结进步工作提供了有益参考和借鉴。%Ethnic Solidarity is the foundation of the harmonious development of the society. No eth⁃nic solidarity, no real national equality and harmonious society. Ethnic solidarity is a state of reality, which has a long and complex process to achieve. To consolidate and strengthen the unity of all ethnic groups, it is important for us to attach the practices in ethnic areas. The ethnic solidarity work experience of the Communist Party of China before the democratic reform in Tibet has provided beneficial reference for us to deal with the current ethnic solidarity work.

  15. Policy Decomposition for Evaluation Performance Improvement of PDP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan Deng

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In conventional centralized authorization models, the evaluation performance of policy decision point (PDP decreases obviously with the growing numbers of rules embodied in a policy. Aiming to improve the evaluation performance of PDP, a distributed policy evaluation engine called XDPEE is presented. In this engine, the unicity of PDP in the centralized authorization model is changed by increasing the number of PDPs. A policy should be decomposed into multiple subpolicies each with fewer rules by using a decomposition method, which can have the advantage of balancing the cost of subpolicies deployed to each PDP. Policy decomposition is the key problem of the evaluation performance improvement of PDPs. A greedy algorithm with O(nlgn time complexity for policy decomposition is constructed. In experiments, the policy of the LMS, VMS, and ASMS in real applications is decomposed separately into multiple subpolicies based on the greedy algorithm. Policy decomposition guarantees that the cost of subpolicies deployed to each PDP is equal or approximately equal. Experimental results show that (1 the method of policy decomposition improves the evaluation performance of PDPs effectively and that (2 the evaluation time of PDPs reduces with the growing numbers of PDPs.

  16. 27 Mayıs Darbesi Sonrası Celal Bayar ve Eski Demokrat Partililerin Türk Siyasi Hayatına Etkileri Ss, 2585-2598 The Effects of Celal Bayar and Former-Democratic Party Members on Turkish Political Life After the Coup of 27th May

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedim YALANSIZ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Coup of 27th May 1960 was made against the Democratic Partygovernment. Other actors of the multi-party political life in Turkey,such as Republican Peoples Party and Republican Peasants’ NationParty were keeping its position, Democratic Party was officially bannedby the new regime. After the coup, 500 members of the party, includingex-prime ministers, ministers, parliamentarians and officials werearrested. A new court named Supreme Court of Justice wasestablished. After a year of prosecution process, Supreme Court ofJustice sentenced these members ranging from life imprisonment todeath penalty. The ex-president and the ministers who were sentencedto life imprisonment and death penalty were all pardoned after theheavy pressures of the Democratic Party electorates. The need for astabilization and the political anticipations of the new parties alsoplayed an important role on this decision. Some of them was freedbefore because of their health problems. After gaining their freedom,these politicians struggled for their political rights and fought to gettheir reestablishments. Although these politicians were all freed fromtheir penalties, they were also banned from any politicial activities, suchas membership to parties and participation in elections. They also werebanned from doing their previous jobs. At the end they got their rightsafter the reconciliation of the government and the opposition. With thenegative effects of 12th March 1971 and 12th September 1980 events,this process turned into a very harsh one. Former Democratic Partymembers at that time initiated to form their ex-party again. By doingthis they also wanted to establish the center-right policy again inTurkey. They were unsuccessful at this initiative because of the newand powerful parties of that time, most of which were founded by theex-Democrats, and their supporters from the young generations. In thisarticle, the struggle of the ex-Democrats will be evaluated. 27 Mayıs darbesi

  17. Party policy position of Die Linke. A continuation of the PDS?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffé, H.R.; Plassa, R.

    2010-01-01

    In 2007, the German party Die Linke emerged as the result of the PDS (Party of Democratic Socialism; the successor of the Communist Party) merging with the WASG (Wahlalternative Arbeit und Soziale Gerechtigkeit; a break away left wing of the Social Democrats). This article compares the policy

  18. 42 CFR 423.553 - Effect of leasing of a PDP sponsor's facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of leasing of a PDP sponsor's facilities... Change of Ownership or Leasing of Facilities During Term of Contract § 423.553 Effect of leasing of a PDP sponsor's facilities. (a) General effect of leasing. If a PDP sponsor leases all or part of its...

  19. If you can't beat them, join them? Explaining social democratic responses to the challenge from the populist radical right in Western Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bale, Tim; Green-Pedersen, Christoffer; Krouwel, A.P.M.; Luther, Kurt Richard; Sitter, Nick

    2010-01-01

    Over the last three decades many Western European social democratic parties have been challenged by populist radical right parties. The growth and success of parties on the right flank of the party system represents a triple challenge to the social democrats: they increase the salience of issues tra

  20. Active PDP Discovery for the Policy Based MANET Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Wang-Cheol; Rehman, Shafqat-Ur; Lee, Kyung-Jin; Lutfiyya, Hanan

    A Policy-based Network Management (PBNM) in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) should be efficient and reliable. In this letter, we propose a mechanism for the policy-based management in ad hoc networks and we discuss methods to discover the Policy Decision Point (PDP), set the management area, and manage the movements of nodes in the PBNM system. Finally, we assess the results through simulations.

  1. Changhong's Venture on PDP%长虹险棋

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许亚青

    2007-01-01

    @@ 6月26日上午,长虹在四川绵阳高调发布了从32英寸到103英寸6个尺寸的全高清等离子(PDP)电视.长虹由此彻底表明了自己在平板电视领域已经站到了PDP这条战线上.

  2. Democratically Binding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Goodin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The 'democracy unbound' project aspires to extend democracy in two dimensions: range and scope. The former would give a wider range of people the vote. The latter would give people a wider scope of things to vote on. In practice, no doubt there is room to do much more of both. But whereas it would be democratically justifiable in an ideal world for democracy to be completely unbounded as regards range, even in an ideal world democracy ought be subject to some limits internal to the logic of democracy itself as regards its scope. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1837428

  3. Political Parties between Conflict and Consensus, with Special Review on Party Finance: the Example of Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrvoje Matakovic

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Political parties as voluntary organizations of free citizens in democratic state feature their candidates for parliament and strive to gain the best results in elections. In order to participate in elections and accomplish the tasks they were founded for, political parties should have access to financial resources for paying expenditures related to their activities. This paper will show that political parties in Germany, contrary to the conflicts shown in public have build up mutual cooperation in developing generous system of party financing from public sources. Cooperation in political life and consensual decision making were developed in Germany as the outcome of the totalitarian past, and this conceptual background has been used by political parties in order to develop the system of public party financing. In this way party cartel was created, and parties took over the country and created party state.

  4. Meritocratic administration and democratic stability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cornell, Agnes; Lapuente, Victor

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a hypothesis for understanding democratic stability based on the distinction between politicized and meritocratic bureaucracies. We argue that in a politicized administration, the professional careers of large numbers of government officials depend directly upon which party wins...... the elections. This increases the likelihood that the government will take opportunistic actions aimed at surviving in office at any cost; that is, benefiting core supporters at the expense of other groups. In turn, this may foster pre-emptive actions from the opposition, such as military coups. Conversely...... stability. Empirically, we illustrate the mechanisms with two well-documented cases of democratic transitions that enshrined a politicized administration – Spain (1876–1936) and Venezuela (1958–1998) – and one transition that kept a meritocratic bureaucracy, Spain (1975–)....

  5. A Novel Mechanism of PDP for PBNM in MANets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vemana Chary

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Policy-based Network Management (PBNM in the Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs requires additional reliable and efficient mechanism over PBNM in wired networks. It is important that the management system in MANETs should cluster the moving nodes and manage their movements in an effective manner. In this paper, we propose a mechanism for the policy-based management in ad hoc networks in which we discuss methods to discover the Policy Decision Point (PDP, set the management area, and manage the movements of nodes in the PBNM system. Moreover, COPS-PR is extended for the mechanism. Finally, we discuss the results through simulations.

  6. 改革开放以来中国共产党决策民主化的发展--基于党和国家重要文献的分析(1978-2013)%Democratization of Decision-Making in the Communist Party of China since China's Open Door Reform:A Content Analysis of Landmark Policy Documents (1978-2013)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱国伟

    2014-01-01

    Since its Third Plenary Session of the 11th Congress ,the Chinese Communist Party has redefined its role in macro decision‐making with regard to national affairs and embarked on the road of democratizing its decision‐making process . The�sixteen words principle" set the foundation for democratic decision‐making in the party :collective leadership ,centralization on the basis of de‐mocratization ,case specific study ,and final decision by meetings . Efforts are made at all levels of the governments to normalize the democratic decision‐making process ,with the hope that democrati‐zation efforts in the leadership shall motivate democratization of decision‐making at the grassroots party organizations . Through a review of the important party and governmental documents ,the au‐thor demonstrates the trajectory of such efforts made over the years .%十一届三中全会以后,在健全党规党纪的基础上,中国共产党开始以统筹全局、协调各方的角色重新定义自身在国家宏观决策结构中的地位,开启了决策民主化的进程。集体领导、民主集中、个别酝酿、会议决定“十六字”基本决策原则奠定了党内决策民主化的基础,并以各级领导干部和领导班子为重心进行决策民主化制度建设。通过领导集体民主带动和促进基层民主,将决策民主化向基层拓展。践行群众路线原则的决策机制建设则推动着决策民主化深入到可操作的层次。

  7. A Review of 1982 Constitution Regulations on Political Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rıfat KARAKOÇ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the vital elements of modern democratic regimes. Today, for a democracy, the existence of more than one political parties and fair and free competition of these parties is a necessity. In Turkey, until 1946, singe party regime has been employed and after this year, Turkey shifted to multi-parties regime, which is required for real democracy. Since 1946, political parties were counted and regulated in 1961 and 1982 constitutions. In this study; the relation between political parties and democracy, the regulations of 1982 constitution on political parties, the amendments in these regulation in time and lastly, the judgments of constitution regarding the closure cases of political parties will be examined.

  8. PDP1 regulates energy metabolism through the IIS-TOR pathway in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhiqian; Jiang, Jianhao; Chen, Yazhou; You, Lang; Huang, Yongping; Tan, Anjiang; Li, Zhiqian; Jiang, Jianhao; Niu, Baolong; Meng, Zhiqi

    2014-03-01

    The PAR-domain protein 1 (PDP1) is essential for locomotor activity of insects. However, its functions in insect growth and development have not been studied extensively, which prompted our hypothesis that PDP1 acts in energy metabolism. Here we report identification of TcPDP1 in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, and its functional analysis by RNAi. Treating larvae with dsTcPDP1 induced pupae developmental arrestment, accompanied by accelerated fat body degradation. dsTcPDP1 treatments in adults resulted in reduced female fecundity. Disruption of TcPDP1 expression affected the transcription of genes involved in insulin signaling transduction and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. These results support our hypothesis that TcPDP1 acts in energy metabolism in T. castaneum.

  9. The Political Parties as Organisations of Representation of the Political Rights of Individuals in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klajdi Mone

    2014-01-01

    The development of political parties in Albania has passed in two stages in the communist system where only one party was known and in the democratic system where was recognized political pluralism. Highlighting the role of political parties, as an important promoter of the functioning of state and of the coverage of the political rights of individuals, makes this study important.

  10. Estonian Political Parties in the mid-2010s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lanko Dmitry

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article provides an analysis of political party system of the Republic of Estonia in the mid-2010s. The analysis is based on the works of Moris Duverger. As one might expect, the establishment of proportionate electoral system in Estonia has resulted in the formation of a multi-party system, in which no single party dominates in the parliament even in a short run. The article demonstrates that though Estonian political party system develops in line with the tendencies typical to political party systems of most European countries, some of its elements are more common to postcommunist countries. It indicates that the political party system in Estonia has stabilized throughout the past decade. Today, five sixths of voters support one of the four main political parties. A minority of voters does not consider any of the four dominant parties as a representative of their interests; thus, they vote for parties that had not been previously represented in the parliament. This allowed for two minor political parties to pass into the parliament at 2015 elections: the Estonian Conservative People’s Party, and Free Party. In the long run the minor parties will be able to keep parliamentary seats depending on their ability to build coalitions, either with the three governing parties — Reform Party, Pro Patria and Republic Union, and Social-Democratic Party, or with opposition Centre Party. The article considers the impact of the split in the Estonian society between ethnic Estonians and Russophonic people on political party system. It demonstrates that the majority of Russophonic voters in Estonia support the Centre Party, every major political party in the country has its Russophonic voters, while Estonian United Left Party, which promotes itself as a particular representative of the country’s Russophonic minority, remains a marginal political force.

  11. Christmas party

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    The Christmas party organized by the Staff Association took place on Saturday 3 December. 200 children from 5 to 7 years old attended a magic show which filled them with wonder. Then they were served a snack in the Novae restaurant. Finally, just before their parents came to pick them up, Father Christmas gave them a present. The Staff Association wishes you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

  12. Democratic contract law

    OpenAIRE

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will be that also for contract law a democratic basis is a necessary condition for legitimacy. A fully democratic basis may also be a sufficient condition for a legitimate and just contract law. However,...

  13. A CONVERT compiler of REC for PDP-8

    CERN Document Server

    McIntosh, Harold V

    2011-01-01

    REC (REGULAR EXPRESSION COMPILER) is a programming language of simple structure developed originally for the PDP-8 computer of the Digital Equipment, Corporation, but readily adaptable to any other general purpose computer. It has been used extensively in teaching Algebra and Numerical Analysis in the Escuela Superior de F\\'isica y Matem\\'aticas of the Instituto Polit\\'ecnico Nacional. Moreover, the fact that the same control language, REC, is equally applicable and equally efficient over the whole range of computer facilities available to the students gives a very welcome coherence to the entire teaching program, including the course of Mathematical Logic which is devoted to the theoretical aspects of such matters. REC; derives its appeal from the fact that computers can be regarded reasonably well as Turing Machines. The REC notation is simply a manner of writing regular expression, somewhat more amenable to programming the Turing Machine which they control. If one does not wish to think so strictly in term...

  14. 美国PDP-TV同期销售上升70%%U.S. PDP-TV YTD July Sales Up 70% Over 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ken Werner

    2010-01-01

    @@ For some time, PDP-TV has been struggling to maintain a 10% share of the large-screen flat-screen TV market. This constitutes a marketing failure of gigantic proportions, with a significant share of the ineptitude belonging to market leader Panasonic.

  15. A highly active Pd-P nanoparticle electrocatalyst for enhanced formic acid oxidation synthesized via stepwise electroless deposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poon, Kee Chun; Khezri, Bahareh; Li, Yao; Webster, Richard D; Su, Haibin; Sato, Hirotaka

    2016-02-28

    A highly active Pd-P nanoparticle electrocatalyst for formic acid oxidation was synthesized using NaH2PO2 as the reducing agent. The Pd-P nanoparticles were amorphous and exhibited higher specific and mass activity values compared to commercial Pd/C electrocatalyts and reported literature values. Furthermore, the Pd-P nanoparticles were found to be more durable than Pd/C electrocatalyts.

  16. Movements in Parties: OccupyPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatella della Porta

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available When the United States activists called for people to Occupy#everywhere, it is unlikely they were thinking of the headquarters of the Italian centre-left party. Parties and movements are often considered to be worlds apart. In reality, parties have been relevant players in movement politics, and movements have influenced parties, often through the double militancy of many of their members. OccupyPD testifies to a continuous fluidity at the movement-party border, but also to a blockage in the party’s interactions with society that started long before the economic crisis but drastically accelerated with it. In this paper we present the OccupyPD Movement as a case of interaction between party politics and social movement politics, and in particular between the base membership of a centre-left party and the broader anti-austerity movement that diffused from the US to Europe adopting similar forms of actions and claims. Second, by locating it within the context of the economic and democratic crisis that erupted in 2007, we understand its emergence as a reaction towards politics in times of crisis of responsibility, by which we mean a drastic drop in the capacity of the government to respond to citizens’ requests. To fulfil this double aim, we bridge social movement studies with research on party change, institutional trust and democratic theory, looking at some political effects of the economic crisis in terms of a specific form of legitimacy crisis, as well as citizens’ responses to it, with a particular focus on the political meaning of recent anti-austerity protests. In this analysis, we refer to both quantitative and qualitative data from secondary liter-ature and original in-depth interviews carried out with a sample of OccupyPD activists.

  17. Information about celebrities’ political activities can influence how people think about political parties

    OpenAIRE

    Nownes, Anthony J.

    2014-01-01

    From Lady Gaga to Justin Bieber, to Oprah, celebrities have a tremendous influence over people’s lives. But does that influence also extend to how people think about political parties as well? In new research, Anthony J. Nownes looks at how people react when given the information that celebrities have made contributions to the Republican and Democratic parties. He finds that when people dislike a celebrity, and that celebrity has contributed to a party, then they like that party less. He also...

  18. Institute of party leadership system of the party creation of modern Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. O. Lavrenyuk

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article based on the study of the theory and practice of party­building in Ukraine examines the role of party leader in the political process and the establishment of parties, implementation of the political power, the development of political consciousness and the formation of modern political elite of our country. It is alleged that party leader – a reputable, recognized in its political environment, the person chosen to lead the party and the ability of citizens to consolidate around a common goal, most effectively represent the interests of a particular social group. It is stated that the defining feature of the phenomenon of party leadership is that under conditions of constant political development and irreversibility of democratic transformations in Ukraine part of leaders of political parties in fact is a powerful talent pool for senior government officials, local government agencies and other administrative institutions. The process of creating games as an integral part of the political process is characterized by a certain way, the mechanism of action of consciousness and culture in the public sphere, which deals with political parties. Regularities component of modern political elite of the party elite acts ­ governing the range of persons in the political party headed by its leader that are directly involved in strategic decision­making, policy formulation of this power, as well as its participation in the political process. We study the classification model of national political parties and the institutions of the party leadership. It is proposed to assess the level of correlation of the party leaders and the general dynamics of the civil society in Ukraine. It is stated that at this time a fundamental change in Ukrainian Party elite has not happened yet. However, there is a long evolution of the institute of the party leadership – a rather difficult process of internal and external, objective and subjective, economic

  19. [Development of Fuzi precision decoction pieces (PDP) (I): Specification and quality uniformity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ding-kun; Han, Xue; Zhou, Yong-feng; Tan, Peng; Yang, Ming; Peng, Cheng; Wang, Jia-bo; Xiao, Xiao-he

    2015-09-01

    The specification of decoction pieces and quality uniformity are the important factors to influence the efficacy of clinical medicine. Considering the deficiency of diversity, poor quality uniformity and confusion of decoction pieces specifications, we first propose a new idea of precision decoction pieces (PDP) based on clinical demands and fresh-processed technology. In order to explain the idea, a study case of aconite SUP is provided, including the optimized specification design, processing technology, extraction effects, quality uniformity, and toxic and efficacy variation and so on. The results showed that preparing 5 mm PDP by fresh-cutting is rather simple and practicable, with high efficiency and large yield; then, this technology could significantly decrease the ingredients loss and increase the efficacy components; moreover, it was helpful for achieving the quality uniformity and best extraction effects. This work revealed the quality superiority of PDP, and provided a good strategy and example for the standard of decoction pieces specification and modernization of processing technology.

  20. The PDP-10 computer at the hearth of the ERASME complex.

    CERN Multimedia

    1974-01-01

    ERASME was an instrument developed at CERN for the analysis of the 70 mm film from the 3.7 m bubble chamber, BEBC, but was also used at an early stage with the 50 mm film from the 2 m bubble chamber. Not a fully automated instrument, it could perform the full sequence of operations (scanning and measurement) making large use of the operator intervention in both stages. There were at the end five ERASME units each one with its own PDP-11 computer, with 8 K words of 16-bit memory, linked to a common PDP-10 by an interface. (See CERN Courier 14 (1974) p. 48.)

  1. Numerical Simulation of the Discharge Efficiency in Five-electrode AC PDP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何锋; 李永东; 刘纯亮; 孙鉴

    2004-01-01

    A new type of AC PDP (alternating current plasma display panel) cell with a fiveelectrode structure is developed to improve the luminous efficiency of AC PDP. The discharge efficiency of this new cell structure is investigated by a 2D fluid simulation. Continuity equations and flux density equations for charged particles and excited atoms, energy balance equation for electrons are included in the model. The discharge gas is He+5%Xe. The reactions of ionization,excitation, recombination, and radiation are taken into account. The vacuum ultraviolet radiation efficiency of the five-electrode cell structure is about 20% higher than that of a conventional three-electrode cell structure.

  2. Features of modern security policy UK political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Stalovierova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The security policy of the British coalition government of D. Cameron (2010-2015 is summarized; it’s been proved that political forces of Tory and Liberal Democrat should have compromised to carry out unanimous course in the scope of national security, and the problems of the security strategy on parliamentary elections in 2015 are analyzed, particularly the comparative analysis of the modern safety strategy of leading British parties is exercised. Under conditions of the appearance of new challenges and threats, transformation of international safety system, the questions of safety policy often become the object of attention of the British community and experts. The absence of cross-party consensus on most terms of safety strategy of the United Kingdom during the election campaign in 2015 makes the discussion about perspectives of the British safety policy still more urgent. During the election campaign there was no unity on any aspect of security subject between parties. First of all, Labourists, Liberal Democrats, Scottish National Party and Green Party made a statement about readiness to develop cooperation with the EU and the Conservatives and the UK Independence Party were on the side of the Eurosceptics. The opinions of the parties were also divided on military operations abroad, financing and force level. In terms of one-party government and presence of majority in the House of Commons, the Conservatives have opportunities to realize their own vision of British safety policy.

  3. Role of pathogenicity determinant protein C (PdpC in determining the virulence of the Francisella tularensis subspecies tularensis SCHU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akihiko Uda

    Full Text Available Francisella tularensis subspecies tularensis, the etiological agent of tularemia, is highly pathogenic to humans and animals. However, the SCHU strain of F. tularensis SCHU P0 maintained by passaging in artificial media has been found to be attenuated. To better understand the molecular mechanisms behind the pathogenicity of F. tularensis SCHU, we attempted to isolate virulent bacteria by serial passages in mice. SCHU P5 obtained after 5th passages in mice remained avirulent, while SCHU P9 obtained after 9th passages was completely virulent in mice. Moreover, SCHU P9 grew more efficiently in J774.1 murine macrophages compared with that in the less pathogenic SCHU P0 and P5. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences of the whole genomes of SCHU P0, P5, and P9 revealed only 1 nucleotide difference among P0, P5 and P9 in 1 of the 2 copies of pathogenicity determinant protein C (pdpC gene. An adenine residue deletion was observed in the pdpC1 gene of SCHU P0, P5, and P9 and in the pdpC2 gene of SCHU P0, and P5, while P9 was characterized by the wild type pdpC2 gene. Thus, SCHU P0 and P5 expressed only truncated forms of PdpC protein, while SCHU P9 expressed both wild type and truncated versions. To validate the pathogenicity of PdpC, both copies of the pdpC gene in SCHU P9 have been inactivated by Targetron mutagenesis. SCHU P9 mutants with inactivated pdpC gene showed low intracellular growth in J774.1 cells and did not induce severe disease in experimentally infected mice, while virulence of the mutants was restored by complementation with expression of the intact PdpC. These results demonstrate that PdpC is crucial in determining the virulence of F. tularensis SCHU.

  4. So Close But So Far: Voting Propensity and Party Choice for Left-�Wing Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bochsler, Daniel; Sciarini, Pascal

    2010-01-01

    While the bulk of the literature focuses on the vote for parties from different blocs, the purpose of our article is to study the vote for two parties that are ideologically very close to each other: The Social Democrats and the Greens in Switzerland. To that end, we develop a two-step model, where...... on the Left–Right scale. With regard to the second, choice stage of the electoral process we hypothesize about the factors that may account for the varying ability of the two par- ties to convert potential voters into real voters. Our empirical tests provide encourag- ing support for our hypotheses regarding...

  5. The Labour Party's Blunkett Review: A Comprehensive Disappointment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichman, Keith

    2014-01-01

    David Blunkett's "Review of Education Structures" for the Labour Party recognises that there is a chaotic and unsatisfactory situation in the English education system but its response is ambiguous and self-contradictory. Its proposals seek to normalise and regulate rather than remedy a system in which lack of democratic accountability,…

  6. The proscription of parties and the problem of 'miltant democracy'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    2011-01-01

    banned. The party bans in Spain highlight weaknesses in leading theoretical accounts of proscription and democratic responses to extremism, weaknesses that are symptomatic of broader problems with the paradigmatic concept of ‘militant democracy’. More specifically, closer examination of the Spanish case...

  7. On the Cultivation of a Culture of Inner party Democracy:Taking the Constitution of the Party as Obj ect of Study%论党内民主文化的养成--以《党章》为基点的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周福振

    2014-01-01

    Inner party democracy mainly is divided into the three levels,the inner party democratic thought,the inner party democratic system and the inner party democratic culture.The inner party democratic culture is the core level.The constitution of the party is the core level of Inner party legal system of the Chinese Communist Party that makes many sys-tematic regulations,but some systems have not been well implemented in practice,so the party members,especially leading cadres,must take the democratic system as democratic culture,and form our way of democratic life.%党内民主可以分为党内民主思想、党内民主制度和党内民主文化三个方面。其中,党内民主文化是最核心的层面。虽然以党章为核心的中共党内法规制度体系对党内民主建设进行了诸多制度规定,但是许多民主制度并没有得到落实,因此每一个党员特别是党员领导干部务必将党内民主制度内化为党内民主文化,养成民主的生活方式。

  8. Political cleavages in Romania. A theoretical overview of the post-communist parties and party systems

    OpenAIRE

    Olimid, Anca Parmena

    2009-01-01

    The following article examines the emergence of parties in post-communist Romania concluding that the theoretical basis of cleavages (the Lipset-Rokkanian model) is almost impossible to apply in this country. Accordingly, the historical evolution of the post-communist society and the strategic moves of political actors during democratization were often perceived as an „expected moments lacking any theoretical model”. Contrary to this assumption, I argue that even an incipient cleavage suggest...

  9. ANIBAL - a Hybrid Computer Language for EAI 680-PDP 8/I, FPP 12

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højberg, Kristian Søe

    1974-01-01

    A hybrid programming language ANIBAL has been developed for use in an open-shop computing centre with an EAI-680 analog computer, a PDP8/I digital computer, and a FFP-12 floating point processor. An 8K core memory and 812k disk memory is included. The new language consists of standard FORTRAN IV...

  10. 40 CFR 1065.642 - SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false SSV, CFV, and PDP molar flow rate calculations. 1065.642 Section 1065.642 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS ENGINE-TESTING PROCEDURES Calculations and Data Requirements § 1065.642...

  11. A Brief Introduction to the Democratic Parties in China:

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    The China Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang (CRCK). Founded January 1, 1948, CRCK now recruits members from those who have connections with the Kuomintang(KMT) or other circles in Taiwan, those who wish to commit themselves to the reunification of the motherland and Taiwan and other related personages.

  12. Democrats and republicans can be differentiated from their faces.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas O Rule

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Individuals' faces communicate a great deal of information about them. Although some of this information tends to be perceptually obvious (such as race and sex, much of it is perceptually ambiguous, without clear or obvious visual cues. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we found that individuals' political affiliations could be accurately discerned from their faces. In Study 1, perceivers were able to accurately distinguish whether U.S. Senate candidates were either Democrats or Republicans based on photos of their faces. Study 2 showed that these effects extended to Democrat and Republican college students, based on their senior yearbook photos. Study 3 then showed that these judgments were related to differences in perceived traits among the Democrat and Republican faces. Republicans were perceived as more powerful than Democrats. Moreover, as individual targets were perceived to be more powerful, they were more likely to be perceived as Republicans by others. Similarly, as individual targets were perceived to be warmer, they were more likely to be perceived as Democrats. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These data suggest that perceivers' beliefs about who is a Democrat and Republican may be based on perceptions of traits stereotypically associated with the two political parties and that, indeed, the guidance of these stereotypes may lead to categorizations of others' political affiliations at rates significantly more accurate than chance guessing.

  13. PDP-1 links the TGF-β and IIS pathways to regulate longevity, development, and metabolism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Devi Narasimhan

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS pathway is a conserved regulator of longevity, development, and metabolism. In Caenorhabditis elegans IIS involves activation of DAF-2 (insulin/IGF-1 receptor tyrosine kinase, AGE-1 (PI 3-kinase, and additional downstream serine/threonine kinases that ultimately phosphorylate and negatively regulate the single FOXO transcription factor homolog DAF-16. Phosphatases help to maintain cellular signaling homeostasis by counterbalancing kinase activity. However, few phosphatases have been identified that negatively regulate the IIS pathway. Here we identify and characterize pdp-1 as a novel negative modulator of the IIS pathway. We show that PDP-1 regulates multiple outputs of IIS such as longevity, fat storage, and dauer diapause. In addition, PDP-1 promotes DAF-16 nuclear localization and transcriptional activity. Interestingly, genetic epistasis analyses place PDP-1 in the DAF-7/TGF-β signaling pathway, at the level of the R-SMAD proteins DAF-14 and DAF-8. Further investigation into how a component of TGF-β signaling affects multiple outputs of IIS/DAF-16, revealed extensive crosstalk between these two well-conserved signaling pathways. We find that PDP-1 modulates the expression of several insulin genes that are likely to feed into the IIS pathway to regulate DAF-16 activity. Importantly, dysregulation of IIS and TGF-β signaling has been implicated in diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Our results may provide a new perspective in understanding of the regulation of these pathways under normal conditions and in the context of disease.

  14. My Birthday Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘世一; 张光远

    2005-01-01

    Birthday party is a celebration for one's grown-up.Every year people celebrate their birthday in different ways.Young teenagers just like us are eager to have parties,but some old people are afraid to have their birthday party.Maybe they don't hope to be older.But I think birthday party is a joyful day for me.

  15. Democratic Citizenship: European referents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María PUIG GUTIÉRREZ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Let’s sense beforehand in this article a tour concerning the educational European policies that favors the development of a democratic citizenship. The aim that we chase is to understand the way in which nowadays it is being interpreted and stimulated the Citizenship education from European Union. for it we offer a conceptual delimiting of «Citizenship education» and later, we show an analysis of the principal documents and materials elaborated principally by the Council of Europe that mark the way followed by European Union as for education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC.

  16. A Choice, Not an Echo: Polarization and the Transformation of the American Party System

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenfeld, Sam Hoffmann

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation offers an intellectual and institutional history of party polarization and ideological realignment in the postwar United States. It treats the construction of an ideologically sorted party system as a political project carried out by conscious actors within and around the Democratic and Republican parties. The work of these activists, interest groups, and political elites helped to produce, by the last decades of the twentieth century, an unpredicted and still-continuing er...

  17. From Crisis Narratives about Political Parties to Observing Practices of Exclusion. A Programmatic Introduction.

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Dobusch; Katharina Kreissl; Jasmin Siri

    2013-01-01

    Word of the ever more intensifying crisis of political parties is regarded as common sense in the public and scientific discourse. However, a glance cast at history shows that crisis narratives are not a new phenomenon, they rather accompany the parties since their founding. This is owed to the fact that parties are measured according to their ideal democratic conceptions to which they inevitably fail, due to their organizational character. Thus it is even more necessary to take a look at par...

  18. Party politics as we knew it? Failure to dominate government, intraparty dynamics and welfare reforms in continental Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korthouwer, G.H.P.

    2010-01-01

    Party politics as we knew it?’ is an investigation of welfare state reforms in Austria, Germany and the Netherlands from the early 1980s to 2006. In the post-World War II era, social democrats and Christian democrats played a central role in building and expanding welfare states. This book argues t

  19. Democratic design experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ehn, Pelle; Brandt, Eva; Halse, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    we here see design engagements which are both controversial in their commitment to agendas of social change and experimental in the sense that they openly probe for what can possibly be enacted. In this conversation we want to explore how such engagements may be seen as democratic design experiments...

  20. Learning Democratic Global Governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haavelsrud, Magnus

    1996-01-01

    Outlines a model process of developing knowledge from within different groups and cultures to allow more equitable participation of all world societies in the definition of global governance. Reviews concepts relevant to education's contributions toward learning and creating democratic global governance. Discusses the educational utility of…

  1. Democratic design experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ehn, Pelle; Brandt, Eva; Halse, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    we here see design engagements which are both controversial in their commitment to agendas of social change and experimental in the sense that they openly probe for what can possibly be enacted. In this conversation we want to explore how such engagements may be seen as democratic design experiments...

  2. Democratic contract law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will

  3. Democratic Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laursen, Erik K.; Tate, Thomas F.

    2012-01-01

    For a century, democratic values have called for abandoning coercive approaches and teaching children and youth to be responsible citizens. The authors explore strategies for creating respectful environments and positive group cultures with challenging youth. They offer suggestions to adult group facilitators to support youth in developing…

  4. Democratization in Malawi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmanuel, Nikolas G.

    2013-01-01

    a political conditionality approach. Few countries have felt the weight of conditionality as much as Malawi did in the 1990s. Here, donors were able to use aid sanctions to successfully encourage democratization, while strengthening the demands of domestic opposition forces. This paper argues that three...

  5. The Democratization of Knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adult Education Quarterly, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Although adult education is committed to democratic values, its knowledge base reproduces the structures and values of larger academic culture, which excludes many. Although the field speaks of empowerment for others, it has yet to realize such empowerment for itself. (Author/SK)

  6. The rise of China's middle class and prospects for democratization

    OpenAIRE

    Cichon, Frederick A.

    2007-01-01

    Since Deng Xiaoping instituted economic reforms under the "reform and open" policy in 1978, the Chinese Communist Party has overseen a gradualist approach to modernizing China's economy. A new Chinese middle class has emerged with China's economic reforms and economic growth. According to Seymour Martin Lipset's modernization theory, there is a strong relationship between socioeconomic development and the emergence of democratic politics accompanying the growth of an educated middle class...

  7. On the Conception of the State Administration by the Singaporean People's Action Party%论新加坡人民行动党的治国理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵大生

    2004-01-01

    Forty - five years since it came into power, the Singaporean People' s Action Party has made great achievements in the state administration. 3his essay analyzes the Party' s conception of administration and then concludes that the Party practices with the combination of democratic socialism, pragmatism, social reconciliation and honest and incorruptible governments.

  8. Simple fabrication of a Pd-P film on a polymer membrane and its catalytic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byeon, Jeong Hoon; Kim, Young-Woo

    2011-08-01

    Composites were prepared by a surface activation by aerosol deposition of Pd nanoparticles (Pd nano seeds) on a poly(tetrafluoroethylene) membrane and subsequent Pd-P film formation by electroless deposition. Activation of the membrane processed by an ambient Pd spark discharge and subsequent fixation of the spark produced Pd nano seeds. Characterizations for electroless Pd-P films indicated that P entered into the crystal lattice of Pd and formed an alloy. The fabricated composites were applied to catalytic applications of formic acid oxidation (FAO) and toluene conversion (TC). The composite catalysts from the simple activation had more stable performances of FAO and TC than those from the conventional Sn-Pd activation, and their better performances might have originated from better purity due to the simple activation that only introduced pure Pd nano seeds.

  9. A Grid Generator for Novel PDP Device%新型PDP器件网格发生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兰兰; 屠彦

    2001-01-01

    Agrid generator is designed in this project. This grid generator is mainly applied to generate the meshes of two-dimensional model of PDP. This grid generator can be used in various structures. It can deal with not only the different barrier boundary shape of new type PDP, but also the normal model of AC-PDP. The grid generating is the basis of numerical simulation and it has a direct relationship with the calculation result. Here necessalry data information for calculation is recorded. The result is shown both in graphics mode and data bank.%本文使用Visual C++语言编写的网格发生软件,主要用于产生新型PDP器件的二维空间结构模型的网格。该网格发生器不仅能够处理新型PDP结构模型边界情况的多样性,还能处理一般的对向放电式和表面放电式AC-PDP结构。网格产生是数值模拟显示单元放电情况的基础。因此,本软件除了能够处理各种不同的结构形式外,还记录了后续计算中需用到的各种有用的数据信息,具有较强的通用性。同时,还对网格产生情况进行了可视化输出。

  10. Party brands and voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sigge Winther; Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2014-01-01

    the question: Do party brands influence voting behavior? Currently, we do not know because the two research fields of voting behavior and party brands are currently not explicitly linked. Traditionally, the study of voting behavior has gained powerful insights from concepts such as cleavage structure, party...

  11. Partying as Everyday Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demant, Jakob; Østergaard, Jeanette

    2007-01-01

      This article investigates what partying means to Danish adolescents aged 14-16. A new theoretical approach to teenage partying is suggested. It combines the structural anthropological tradition of analysing partying and use of alcohol as a rite de passage with a phenomenological perspective which...

  12. Reunification, democratization and education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jee-Hun

    1990-06-01

    The division of the nation into two separate political entities and the later development of dependent capitalism in South Korea have created two important eductional tasks, to do with reunification and democratization. Reunification requires liberation from the influence of foreign powers involved in the national partition and the development of dependent capitalism. Reunification-oriented education emphasizes understanding foreign influences in every sphere of the people's life, understanding the true realities of the two Koreas which have developed in different ways, and overcoming anti-communist ideological obfuscation. Democratization implies the enhancement of people's participation in the exercise and control of political and economic power at every level. For this purpose people need to be educated to participate in order to prevent the abuse of highly centralized power. United and collective action by teachers is required to protect schools from the state monopoly in education and to maintain the integrity and independence of a teaching profession so that pupils can learn and practise democratic values at school.

  13. About green political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlović Slobodan P.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work the author refers to some legal and political questions in connection with green political parties. Those questions cover: the ideology of green political parties, their number and influence, both in general and in Serbia. The first part of work is generally speaking about political parties - their definition, ideology, role and action. Main thesis in this work is that green political parties, by their appearance, were something new on the political scene. But quickly, because of objective and subjective reasons, they were changing original ideas and were beginning to resemble to all other political parties. In this way, they lost their vanguard and political alternativeness.

  14. Gendering transnational party politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kantola, Johanna; Rolandsen-Agustín, Lise

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we analyze transnational party politics in the European Union from a gender perspective. This is a subject that has been neglected both by mainstream European studies on party politics and by gender scholars who work on political parties. Drawing on the insights of these two...... research traditions, we build toward an analytical framework to study gender and transnational party politics. Our empirical analysis focuses on two policy issues, the economic crisis and the sexual and reproductive health and rights, analyzing European Parliament reports, debates and voting on the issues...... right axis and, at the same time, internal divisions within party groups affect policy output....

  15. Is John Locke a democrat?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Palle

    (Holden, Held, Ball and Dagger) and monographs on Locke (Dunn, Parry, Marshall). In this paper a new approach to the democratic character of John Locke's political theory is suggested, as his Second Treatise is analysed with Robert A. Dahl's conceptual framework on assumptions for a democratic order......, criteria for a democratic process, and the institutions of polyarchy. The conclusion has implications for the relationship between political liberalism and constitutionalism on the one hand and democracy on the other....

  16. Party member recruitment and the representativeness of party membership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    Party membership figures are in decline. However, parties are still recruiting party members. Are there any differences in the social and political characteristics of old and new party members? If there is a difference, are new party members more or less representative for party voters than old...

  17. From the boardroom to the chamber : business interests and party politics in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Wuhs, Steven T.

    2010-01-01

    One of the lesser-acknowledged conclusions from analyses of the third wave of democratization relates to the importance of conservatives to democratic consolidation. Yet we know very little about the way that such interests are incorporated into the formal, institutional arena of parties and elections – especially as relates to business interests. This is true in spite of a clear, cross-regional rise in the presence of entrepreneurs themselves in politics. This article generates and evaluates...

  18. The 2014 Elections and the Brazilian Party System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Ranulfo Melo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian party system presents a paradox. Although the Workers Party (PT and the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB have controlled presidential elections for the last 20 years, their force at the other levels of electoral competition has not grown. The objective of this study is to undertake a discussion of this situation through the 2014 general elections. After attempting to explain why successive challengers have not been able to change the structure of competition for the Brazilian presidency, I will analyze the relation established between the pattern observed at this level and the other “connected” electoral disputes—both those for state executive and federal legislative office. The general conclusion is that even if the pattern continues, it is quite improbable that this will significantly impact the other levels of national political party competition.

  19. Results of democratic transition through the eyes of citizens of Serbia in 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golubović Zagorka

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2005 The Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory has undertaken a reputed interview (after the one done in 2001/2002, whose results have been published in Politika i svakodnevni život, 2003, based on identical methodology (in-depth interview and qualitative analysis but on a reduced sample (30 interviewees in six towns in Serbia. The objective was to examine how citizens see the circumstances in society today, five years after the October turn, and what conditions their attitudes towards: the policy of new democratic powers, of democratic parties and those of the ex-regime, as well as towards the problems they are confronted with, and whether the initial optimism has gone and why. The results obtained by this interview show that after five years of experience with democratic transition the interviewees are more critical regarding the actual democratic policy (especially of the second democratic Government, and more likely to forget the reasons created by the former regime as obstacles to a successful democratic transition. For this reason, disappointment has grown, and an initial optimism gives its place to pessimism, with vanishing of the hope in the possibility of radical democratic change. This makes it possible to give a chance to the Radical Party in a future election. But, in spite of current confusion among citizens produced by the examined state of affairs, as well as the ambiguities in certain attitudes, this inquiry suggests that the interviewees have provided a quite realistic evaluation of the actual conditions in Serbian society today, and that their criticism, which arises from disappointment, does not completely cancel a positive attitude towards democratic transition, since their criticism results from dissatisfaction with the unrealized democratic principles and values after October 5th.

  20. Democratic Parenting: Paradoxical Messages in Democratic Parent Education Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oryan, Shlomit; Gastil, John

    2013-01-01

    Some prominent parent education theories in the United States and other Western countries base their educational viewpoint explicitly on democratic values, such as mutual respect, equality and personal freedom. These democratic parenting theories advocate sharing power with children and including them in family decision making. This study presents…

  1. Election of candidates to municipal presidency of political parties in Ciudad Juarez and as practice and internal democracy strengthening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Sarabia Ríos

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The internal democratic of political parties are one of the numerous analyses that can be performed on an electoral process. In this regard, this document aims to understand the logic of development of internal democracy in the party organizations in Ciudad Juarez, focusing on one aspect of it: the selection of candidates. The observation of the selection of candidates for municipal office in the last decade in Ciudad Juarez allowed to comment the advantages and disadvantages for the internal democratic life of party, to understand its development level and the logic that motivates their evolution or turn to be attractive only for external voting and not for the militants.

  2. Homegrown Democracy, Homegrown Democrats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norman K. Denzin

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Written on the eve of the 2004 American presidential election, this political narrative offers a critical reading of two models of democracy: Instant-Mix imperial democracy (bring to a boil, add oil, then bomb, criticized by Arundhati Roy, and Garrison Keillor’s Homegrown Democrat. Keillor’s pastoral view of democracy is anchored in LakeWobegon, his imaginary utopian community. His homegrown democracy is narrow, provincial, and White. The author concludes that he must look elsewhere for his alternative view of democracy.

  3. Good patriots. The nation according to the Spanish conservative party

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    embedded a culture of dialogue and the conflicts became more accentuated at the end of their first term (Tusell, 2000: 239). The Spanish president, José María Aznar, interpreted the results as a big electoral support for his project and started a new orientation in some areas such as the relation...... national parties, PP and Partido Socialista (PSOE, social democrats) agreed to fight against terrorism and the nationalist environment together. In that context, Aznar undertook the definition of the nation maintaining this division and tried to find a way of formulating Spanish nationalism and getting...... some accept by the citizens. In this paper I will examine the discursive formation constituted by PP to redefine the Spanish nationalism using the idea of constitutional patriotism, which emanates from the academic debate, in competition with the social democrat party, that aspires also to apply...

  4. Party brands and voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sigge Winther; Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2014-01-01

    Some scholars argue that Western societies have seen a decreasing impact of voting behavior based on cleavages and party identifications. Equally, issue ownership voting is seemingly not increasing its relevance by filling this gap. From this departure we seek out an alternative variable by posing...... the question: Do party brands influence voting behavior? Currently, we do not know because the two research fields of voting behavior and party brands are currently not explicitly linked. Traditionally, the study of voting behavior has gained powerful insights from concepts such as cleavage structure, party...... heuristics and voting models. Next, the article measures the brand value of Danish parties by utilizing a representative association analysis. Finally, this measure is used to conduct the very first empirical analysis of a party brand's effect on voting behavior. Overall, the primary finding demonstrates...

  5. The Democratic System of Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Thomas J.

    Different researchers have suggested a variety of definitions for democratic leadership. As there is no one generally accepted definition, it is difficult to categorically characterize a style as democratic. Democracy in a pure form is based on the assumption that no member of the group is superior to other members. In operation, no organization…

  6. Howard Zinn on Democratic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinn, Howard

    2004-01-01

    Perhaps no other historian has had a more profound and revolutionary impact on American education than Howard Zinn. This is the first book devoted to his views on education and its role in a democratic society. "Howard Zinn on Democratic Education" describes what is missing from school textbooks and in classrooms--and how we move beyond these…

  7. Effects on intestinal microbiota and immune genes of Solea senegalensis after suspension of the administration of Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal, Sara; Tapia-Paniagua, Silvana Teresa; Moriñigo, Jesús Miguel; Lobo, Carmen; García de la Banda, Inés; Balebona, María Del Carmen; Moriñigo, Miguel Ángel

    2016-11-01

    The interaction host-intestinal microbiota is essential for the immunological homeostasis of the host. Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics are promising tools for the manipulation of the intestinal microbiota towards beneficial effects to the host. The objective of this study was to evaluate the modulation effect on the intestinal microbiota and the transcription of genes involved in the immune response in head kidney of Solea senegalensis after administration of diet supplemented with the prebiotic alginate and the probiotic Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 CECT 7627 (SpPdp11). The results showed higher adaptability to dietary changes in the intestinal microbiota of fish fed diet with alginate and SpPdp11 together compared to those fish that received an alginate-supplemented diet. The alginate-supplemented diet produced up-regulation of genes encoding proteins involved in immunological responses, such as complement, lysozyme G and transferrin, and oxidative stress, such as NADPH oxidase and glutation peroxidase. On the other hand, the administration of alginate combined with SpPdp11 resulted in a significant increase of the transcription of genes encoding for glutation peroxidase and HSP70, indicating a potential protective effect of SpPdp11 against oxidative stress. In addition, these effects were maintained after the suspension of the probiotic treatment. The relationship between the modulation of the intestinal microbiota and the expression of genes with protective effect against the oxidative stress was demonstrated by the Principal Components Analysis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. The Key Role of NATO Accession on Poland’s Democratic Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-09-01

    polityczne – vademecum . Warsaw: Redakcja Dokumentacji Prasowej PAP, 1991 34 • Just behind it was the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD), an alliance of... vademecum . Warsaw: Redakcja Dokumentacji Prasowej PAP, 1991 61 Stachura, Jadwiga, Partie polityczne a polska polityka zagraniczna. Yearbook of

  9. JCFA Honorary Adviser Hiromu Nonaka and His Party Visit China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>A34-member delegation of the Japan-China Friendship Association (JCFA) led by Hiromu Nonaka, honorary adviser to the JCFA and former secretary general of the Liberal Democratic Party, visited China from April 12 to 15 at the invitation of the China-Japan Friendship Association (CJFA). Most members of the delegation are old friends who have engaged in activities for China-Japan friendship for several decades, and half of

  10. Political Parties and Popular Representation in Myanmar’s Democratisation Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristian Stokke

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the role of political parties in Myanmar’s democratisation process. We argue that the substance of democratisation depends on popular representation through political parties but question their capacity to provide such representation. Examining capacity through the concept of party institutionalisation, we find that most parties have not been able to build effective organisational structures. However, we also find a degree of party institutionalisation in the form of rootedness in society. Political cleavages between those favouring authoritarian rule over democratic rule and Burman nationhood over ethnic notions of nationhood have produced divisions between state-centred parties associated with Myanmar’s authoritarian legacy and society-centred pro-democracy and ethnic parties. Although being less dichotomous than in the past, we argue that these cleavages continue to provide a basis for party identity and rootedness in society. We conclude that further development of political parties and popular representation will be shaped by the relations between parties, the state, and society – where individual parties are shaped according to their tendencies towards state-centred cartel parties or society-centred mass parties.

  11. Optical network democratization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nejabati, Reza; Peng, Shuping; Simeonidou, Dimitra

    2016-03-06

    The current Internet infrastructure is not able to support independent evolution and innovation at physical and network layer functionalities, protocols and services, while at same time supporting the increasing bandwidth demands of evolving and heterogeneous applications. This paper addresses this problem by proposing a completely democratized optical network infrastructure. It introduces the novel concepts of the optical white box and bare metal optical switch as key technology enablers for democratizing optical networks. These are programmable optical switches whose hardware is loosely connected internally and is completely separated from their control software. To alleviate their complexity, a multi-dimensional abstraction mechanism using software-defined network technology is proposed. It creates a universal model of the proposed switches without exposing their technological details. It also enables a conventional network programmer to develop network applications for control of the optical network without specific technical knowledge of the physical layer. Furthermore, a novel optical network virtualization mechanism is proposed, enabling the composition and operation of multiple coexisting and application-specific virtual optical networks sharing the same physical infrastructure. Finally, the optical white box and the abstraction mechanism are experimentally evaluated, while the virtualization mechanism is evaluated with simulation.

  12. Memory Without Parties or Parties Without Memory?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Mario Solís Delgadillo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the role of political parties in Argentina, Chile and Guatemala in relation to the implementation of public policies of memory after the return to democracy in each of these countries. To do this, we discuss the concept of memory and the problems of memorial obsession. We consider the uses and abuses of memory that human rights organizations manifest on the subject, and examine the work of the parties about the level of adaptation that allows claims of human rights movement to become matters of public policy.

  13. Political Parties and Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bischoff, Carina Saxlund; Christiansen, Flemming Juul

    2017-01-01

    Public innovation and political parties are usually not studied together. Given the key position parties hold in representative democracies, it is somewhat odd that their influence on public innovation has not been explored. We propose to open this line of inquiry and introduce a typology...... that highlights four avenues for studying the links between public innovation and political parties: linkage, programme, interaction and policy. We use the typology to discuss relevant themes and empirical examples in existing literature and to formulate of a number of hypotheses about innovation of political...... parties themselves as well their impact on potentially innovative public decisions. One major expectation is that hierarchical parties with centralized leadership make more efficient decisions but that sustainable innovation outcomes promoted by collaborative efforts are easier to obtain for decentralized...

  14. PDP-CON: prediction of domain/linker residues in protein sequences using a consensus approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Piyali; Basu, Subhadip; Zubek, Julian; Kundu, Mahantapas; Nasipuri, Mita; Plewczynski, Dariusz

    2016-04-01

    The prediction of domain/linker residues in protein sequences is a crucial task in the functional classification of proteins, homology-based protein structure prediction, and high-throughput structural genomics. In this work, a novel consensus-based machine-learning technique was applied for residue-level prediction of the domain/linker annotations in protein sequences using ordered/disordered regions along protein chains and a set of physicochemical properties. Six different classifiers-decision tree, Gaussian naïve Bayes, linear discriminant analysis, support vector machine, random forest, and multilayer perceptron-were exhaustively explored for the residue-level prediction of domain/linker regions. The protein sequences from the curated CATH database were used for training and cross-validation experiments. Test results obtained by applying the developed PDP-CON tool to the mutually exclusive, independent proteins of the CASP-8, CASP-9, and CASP-10 databases are reported. An n-star quality consensus approach was used to combine the results yielded by different classifiers. The average PDP-CON accuracy and F-measure values for the CASP targets were found to be 0.86 and 0.91, respectively. The dataset, source code, and all supplementary materials for this work are available at https://cmaterju.org/cmaterbioinfo/ for noncommercial use.

  15. Study on Kinetics of Natural Rubber Vulcanization by S/La(DiPDP)3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Xinhua; Liu Qingting; Chen Zhaohui; Wang Dizhen

    2007-01-01

    Kinetics of natural rubber (NR) vulcanization by lanthanum O, O'-diisopropyldithiophosphate [La(DiPDP)3] was studied. La(DiPDP)3 had remarkable accelerating effect on the vulcanization of NR. The rate constant k6 of the reaction that turned polysulphidic cross-links into the modified main chain was higher than that of desulfuration reaction of polysulfidic cross-links (k3). The activation energies (Ea2, Ea3, and Ea6) of the formation, desulfuration, and decomposition of polysulfidic cross-links were 87.57, 102.34, and 95.01 kJ·mol-1, respectively. Activation energy (Ea5) of the reaction that turned the cross-link precursors into the modified main chain was 82.67 kJ·mol-1. It could be concluded that the proportion of polysulphidic cross-links was higher than mono- and di- sulphidic cross-links during induction and curing periods, mono- and di- sulphidic cross-links increased as curing temperature rose. In the temperature range of 140~160 ℃, the amounts of polysulphidic cross-links were similar. However, over 160 ℃, mono- and di- sulphidic cross-links increased rapidly. Moreover, cross-link density of the vulcanizates was determined from the equilibrium-swelling data. A chemical probe detected the concentration of polysulphidic cross-links of vulcanizates. The change trend of the results predicated from equation corresponded to that of the experimental results.

  16. COLOR AC-PDP ENHANCEMENT OF LOW LEVELS IMAGE QUALITY WITH DYNAMIC MODIFYING SUB-FIELDS CODE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏巍; 孙鉴

    2006-01-01

    1PrefacePlas ma Display Panels(PDP)are now beingproposed as one of the most suitable devices forhome television[1-2].Ontheir large displays are thinthickness,high resolution,and high picture quali-ties.In addition,PDPs are really expected as an in-for mation display monitor for the next century be-cause of their HDTVcompatibility and digital signalinterface.The discharge cell of PDP is a binary light e-mission element.For the gradation display,a meth-od is used in which one field includes plural subfields w...

  17. Japan’s LDP Diet Policy Committee Chairman Toshihiro Nikai and His Party Visit China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the China-Japan Friendship Association (CJFA), Toshihiro Nikai, chairman of the Diet Policy Committee of the Japanese Liberal Democratic Party, and Yoshio Urushibara, chairman of the Diet Policy Committee of the Japanese Komei Party, paid a visit to China from January 20 to 23, 2007. Wu Bangguo, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’ s Congress, and Tang Jiaxuan, state councillor, met with them. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu met with and entertained them.

  18. Democratic Quality in Stable Democracies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lijphart, Arend

    2011-02-01

    The major predecessor to Ringen's and my own efforts to measure democratic quality in terms of the purpose of democracy is Robert Dahl's seminal book Polyarchy (1971). Measuring the quality of democracy requires two prior judgments: (1) making sure that, in terms of institutional characteristics, a country is sufficiently democratic, and that, as a minimum, it has universal suffrage, and (2) that its democracy has been uninterrupted for a minimum number of years. To an important extent, higher democratic quality can be attributed to institutional characteristics of consensus democracy, especially proportional representation.

  19. Adult education for democratic citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    . The research literature review was designed as the foundation for the investigation of what is know about how adults can achieve competencies relevant for democratic citizenship in various European countries, what type of educational interventions have proven effective in this regards and how educational......The report presents, in brief, the findings from the study of research literature on Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship, which was carried out in the nine EU member states represented by the project: Austria, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and United Kingdom...... policy intervene in the field of Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship....

  20. Is John Locke a democrat?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Palle

      Over recent years there has been a tendency to present John Locke as an equalitarian democrat (Ashcraft) and being close to the political views of the levellers (Waldron). This is not a completely new interpretation (Kendall, 1941), but contrasts with the prevalent view presented in textbooks...... (Holden, Held, Ball and Dagger) and monographs on Locke (Dunn, Parry, Marshall). In this paper a new approach to the democratic character of John Locke's political theory is suggested, as his Second Treatise is analysed with Robert A. Dahl's conceptual framework on assumptions for a democratic order...

  1. Political differences in past, present, and future life satisfaction: Republicans are more sensitive than democrats to political climate.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David R Mandel

    Full Text Available Previous research finds that Republicans report being happier or more satisfied with their lives than Democrats. Using representative American samples from 2002, 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2010, we tested a Person × Situation interactionist account in which political affiliation (Democrat, Republican and political climate (favorable when the president in office is of the same party are proposed to affect past, present, and anticipated future life satisfaction. Meta-analyses of related tests of key hypotheses confirmed that (a life satisfaction was greater when the political climate was favorable rather than unfavorable and (b Republicans were more sensitive to political climate than Democrats. As predicted, Republicans also were more politically polarized than Democrats. Taken together, the findings indicate that, compared to Democrats, Republicans are more apt to self-identify in political terms, and core aspects of their subjective well-being are more easily affected by the outcome of political events.

  2. Social Networks and Political Parties in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adler Lomnitz, Larissa

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the origin and evolution of two Chilean political parties (the Radical Party and the Christian Democrat Party through the analysis of the social networks that originated and composed them. The aim of this study is to propose a model of national political cultures on the basis of the structure of social networks related to power and of the symbol system, which legitimizes it. The structure of social networks, horizontal and vertical, are based on reciprocal or redistributive forms of exchange, on what is being exchanged and on the articulation between networks. In every society there are symmetrical and asymmetrical exchanges, which produce horizontal and vertical networks. These networks interact among themselves to form the social fabric. The dominance of some over others and how they combine, delineate the character of the political culture (authoritarian vs. egalitarian. Chile is a multiparty country within which there are cohorts of horizontal groups of friends, who informally exercise a central control over their members and create invisible boundaries setting them apart from others, in which leadership is under constrains. The result is both a strong presidential system based on an almost fanatic legitimacy, combined with factionalism and a strong parliamentary system.

  3. Democratic parenting: paradoxical messages in democratic parent education theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oryan, Shlomit; Gastil, John

    2013-06-01

    Some prominent parent education theories in the United States and other Western countries base their educational viewpoint explicitly on democratic values, such as mutual respect, equality and personal freedom. These democratic parenting theories advocate sharing power with children and including them in family decision making. This study presents a textual analysis of two such theories, the Adlerian model of parent education and the Parent Effectiveness Training (PET) model, as they are embodied in two original bestselling textbooks. Through content and argumentation analysis of these influential texts, this study examines the paradoxes inherent in these two theories when they articulate how to implement fully democratic principles within the parent-child relationship. We discover that in spite of their democratic rationale, both books offer communication practices that guide the child to modify misbehaviour, enforce parental power, and manipulate the child to make decisions that follow parental judgment, and thus do not endorse the use of a truly democratic parenting style. We suggest, as an alternative to the democratic parenting style, that parents be introduced to a guardianship management style, in which they do not share authority with children, but seek opportunities for enabling children to make more autonomous decisions and participate in more family decision making.

  4. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined with the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.

  5. Democratic Quality in Stable Democracies

    OpenAIRE

    Lijphart, Arend

    2011-01-01

    The major predecessor to Ringen’s and my own efforts to measure democratic quality in terms of the purpose of democracy is Robert Dahl’s seminal book Polyarchy (1971). Measuring the quality of democracy requires two prior judgments: (1) making sure that, in terms of institutional characteristics, a country is sufficiently democratic, and that, as a minimum, it has universal suffrage, and (2) that its democracy has been uninterrupted for a minimum number of years. To an important extent, highe...

  6. Making International Organizations More Democratic

    OpenAIRE

    Frey, Bruno S.; Alois Stutzer

    2017-01-01

    World governance today is characterized by international organizations lacking democratic legitimacy and control by the citizens they claim to represent. They are also criticized for being inefficient. This leads to violent protests and to NGOs having great influence. To address these problems, we propose international governance based on the democratic idea of citizen participation: All citizens of the member countries of international organizations have the potential right to participate in...

  7. Democratic theory and comparative politics

    OpenAIRE

    O'Donnell, Guillermo

    1999-01-01

    "The present text is, basically, a revision of democratic theory from the perspective of its inadequacies for including into its scope many of the recently democratized countries, as well as some older democracies located outside of the Northwestern quadrant of the world. After warning that it is a first step in a larger and more ambitious endeavor, the paper begins by critically examining various definitions of democracy, especially those that, claiming to follow Schumpeter, a...

  8. A Renormalization Group Like Model for a Democratic Dictatorship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galam, Serge

    2015-03-01

    We review a model of sociophysics which deals with democratic voting in bottom up hierarchical systems. The connection to the original physical model and technics are outlined underlining both the similarities and the differences. Emphasis is put on the numerous novel and counterintuitive results obtained with respect to the associated social and political framework. Using this model a real political event was successfully predicted with the victory of the French extreme right party in the 2000 first round of French presidential elections. The perspectives and the challenges to make sociophysics a predictive solid field of science are discussed.

  9. ISLAMIST PARTY, ELECTORAL POLITICS AND DA’WAH MOBILIZATION AMONG YOUTH: The Prosperous Justice Party (PKS in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noorhaidi Hasan

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The involvement of the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS, Partai Keadilan Sejahtera in the electoral democratic system in Indonesia raises a question whether it is possible for a political party with a deeply religious ideology to liberalize and entertain democracy. The decision to enter politics does not infrequently entail an abandonment of ideological purity. It represents an acceptance of the political order and power sharing-based politics. While identity and ideology are instrumental in political mobilization for PKS, it has no choice but to negotiate and interact with other political actors through coalitions and parliamentary politics. A modern party involved in a competitive and rule-based system, it is also required to broaden its electorate and reach out to non-Islamist voters. It is intriguing in this context to explore the party’s strategy to maintain its Islamist platforms and the base of support while allying itself with distinctly non-Islamist ruling elites, and engage in the pragmatic ruling coalition. Understanding the paradoxical roles of an Islamist party when involved in the on-going electoral democratic process, this paper also looks at the future of political Islam in Indonesia.

  10. Ideology, Party Systems and Corruption Voting in European Democracies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charron, Nicholas; Bågenholm, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    What is the impact of corruption on citizens' voting behavior? There is a growing literature on an increasingly ubiquitous puzzle in many democratic countries: that corrupt officials continue to be re-elected by voters. In this study we address this issue with a novel theory and newly collected...... original survey data for 24 European countries. The crux of the argument is that voters' ideology is a salient factor in explaining why citizens would continue voting for their preferred party despite the fact that it has been involved in a corruption scandal. Developing a theory of supply (number...... of effective parties) and demand (voters must have acceptable ideological alternatives to their preferred party), we posit that there is a U-shaped relationship between the likelihood of corruption voting and where voters place themselves on the left/right spectrum. The further to the fringes, the more likely...

  11. JCFA New President Koichi Kato and His Party in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Invited by the China-Japan Friendship Association (CJFA), a 11-member delegation of the Japan-China Friendship Association (JCFA) headed by Koichi Kato, new president of the JCFA and former secretary general of Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party, visited China from September 5 to 7, during which they attended the opening ceremony of the Beijing Paralympic Games and other relevant activities. President Hu Jintao met with Koichi Kato and his party. Koichi Kato attended the welcoming banquet President Hu Jintao and his wife hosted in honour of the dignitaries from various countries who had come to China to watch the Paralympics. Koichi Kato and his party made an official call on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League of China and had a working meeting with the CJFA.

  12. Tea Party Engineer

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mark Matthews

    2013-01-01

      [...]Massie, a Tea Party enthusiast and fan of both Ron and Rand Paul, has already made his presence felt on the House floor, bucking GOP leaders by voting against John Boehner's re-election as speaker...

  13. Political Identity Convergence: On Being Latino, Becoming a Democrat, and Getting Active

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonie Huddy

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The majority of Latinos in the United States identify with the Democratic Party, a tendency with broad political implications as Latinos become an increasingly large segment of the population. Little research, however, has delved into the origins of this preference. In this research, we contrast two explanations for Latinos’ Democratic proclivities: an instrumental explanation grounded in ideological policy preferences and an expressive identity account based on the defense of Latino identity and status. In analysis of data from two large national datasets, the 2012 Latino Immigrant National Election Study and American National Election Study focused on Latino immigrants and citizens respectively, we find strong support for the expressive identity explanation. Hispanic and partisan identities have converged among Latinos in the United States to create a large number of Latino Democrats regardless of citizenship status. Those who identify strongly as Latinos and see pervasive discrimination against Latinos are the strongest Democrats, a process that further intensified over the course of the 2012 election. A strong partisan preference increased political campaign activity, though this activity level was modest overall. Relatively few Latinos had worked on a campaign or given money to a candidate; somewhat larger numbers had tried to convince others about a candidate or worn a button or displayed a sticker. Finally, some support was evident for an instrumental account. Latino support for government-provided health insurance in 2012 consistently increased support for the Democratic Party.

  14. Political Culture, Values and Economic Utility: A Different Perspective on Norwegian Party-based Euroscepticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne S. Skinner

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on a content analysis of party manifestos and a survey of Norwegian MPs, this article examines the nuances in, and the causality of, the different Norwegian parties’ Euroscepticism. The study of the comparative party politics of Euroscepticism, which focuses on ideology and strategy, falls short of accounting for the Norwegian case, where, unlike other European countries, the parties’ Euroscepticism is exceptionally stable and appears across the political spectrum. Therefore, the article tests an alternative set of theories, drawn from the literature on opinion formation on European integration, to find a more suitable framework for analysing and explaining the motivation of Norwegian Euroscepticism. The analysis shows that Norwegian party-based Euroscepticism can be divided into three types when it comes to its strength and policy opposition, with the Centre Party and the Socialist Left Party on the ‘hardest’ end of the Euroscepticism scale, followed by the Christian Democratic Party and the Liberal Party, and finally, the Labour Party and the Progress Party. Furthermore, the analysis indicates that Norwegian Eurosceptic party stances on Europe are primarily driven by political values and political culture concerns, except for the Progress Party, which base its Eurosceptic motivation on economic utilitarianism and political culture.

  15. Making Higher Education Work: A Comparison of Discourses in the United Kingdom's Conservative and Labour Parties' General Election Manifestos between 1979 and 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souto-Otero, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    This article elaborates a model of social democratic and conservative discourses in relation to access, financing, management, and results of higher education. The model is contrasted with the position of the Conservative Party and the Labour Party in the United Kingdom from the late 1970s to 2010 as expressed in their electoral manifestos. The…

  16. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY FUNDING: MODELS AND CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrvoje MATAKOVIC

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The first modern political parties were formed at the end of the 18th century and have, from those times up to now, undergone 4 developing phases; each of the phases is bound to ideal-type political party model: cadre parties, mass parties, catch-all parties and cartel parties. Each of these party models differentiates in various characteristics: party foundation, number of members, and way of leading the election campaigns, but also in ways of financing. This paper describes the above mentioned 4 phases of political parties’ development and 4 phases of parties' finances development; it will be analysed in detail positive and negative sides of each of the models of party financing.

  17. Executive Selection in the European Union: Does the Commission President Investiture Procedure Reduce the Democratic Deficit?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Hix

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available Central to all democratic systems is the ability of citizens to choose who holds executive power. To reduce the democratic-deficit in the EU, therefore, the Maastricht and Amsterdam Treaties give the European Parliament (EP a vote on the European Council nominee for Commission President. The effect, so many commentators claim, is a parliamentary model: where EP elections are connected via an EP majority to executive selection. However, these claims are misplaced. There are no incentives for national parties to compete for the Commission President, and every incentive for MEPs to abide by national-party rather than EP-party wishes. The result is that EP elections are second-order national contests, fought by national parties on national executive performance, and that the winning coalition in the investiture procedure is of prime ministers parties not of EP election victors. Consequently, for a parliamentary model to work, either the EP should go first in the investiture process, or the link between domestic parties and MEPs should be broken. However, if EP elections remain second-order, the only option may be a presidential model, where the Commission President is directly-elected.

  18. Executive Selection in the European Union: Does the Commission President Investiture Procedure Reduce the Democratic Deficit?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Hix

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available Central to all democratic systems is the ability of citizens to choose who holds executive power. To reduce the democratic-deficit in the EU, therefore, the Maastricht and Amsterdam Treaties give the European Parliament (EP a vote on the European Council nominee for Commission President. The effect, so many commentators claim, is a parliamentary model: where EP elections are connected via an EP majority to executive selection. However, these claims are misplaced. There are no incentives for national parties to compete for the Commission President, and every incentive for MEPs to abide by national-party rather than EP-party wishes. The result is that EP elections are ‘second-order national contests’, fought by national parties on national executive performance, and that the winning coalition in the investiture procedure is of ‘prime ministers’ parties’ not of ‘EP election victors’. Consequently, for a parliamentary model to work, either the EP should ‘go first’ in the investiture process, or the link between domestic parties and MEPs should be broken. However, if EP elections remain second-order, the only option may be a presidential model, where the Commission President is directly-elected.

  19. Nominating Procedures in Democratic Polities

    OpenAIRE

    Kasapović, Mirjana

    2002-01-01

    One of the focuses of the study of political parties at the end of the 20th century has been the organizational structure and the relations within political parties, including the nominating procedures for the candidate selection for general elections. The manner in which parties fulfill their recruiting function and, eventually, the quality of the political and the governing elite in a “party” state directly depends on these procedures. Typologically, there are differences between the nomina...

  20. Terrorism and Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army (IRA). More...... for realization of free speech rights and representation is also emphasized, and where proscription is seen as inimical to resolution of conflict underpinning violence. In the context of party competition, a winning coalition is required for one discourse to predominate. However, I also argued that both ideas...

  1. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate!

  2. Evaluation of the Pioneer PDP-502MX 4 x 3 Aspect Ratio, 50 Inch Diagonal Color Plasma Display Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-12-01

    NIDL evaluated the thin, large screen, flat panel Pioneer 50 inch plasma display panel (PDP) to determine its usefulness to the display of images that are of interest to imagery analysts and GI specialists, As NIDL's ratings show, the Pioneer PDP-502MX is not going to be useful as the primary imagery analysis display on an IEC workstation, It fails many of the IEC requirements so we rate it "F" for IEC workstation monoscopic and stereo applications, Rather, its usefulness comes from its large, 50 inch diagonal size and its high pixel count for a PDP, up to 1280 x 768 pixels in the 16:9 and 1024 x 768 pixels in the 4:3 format, that could make it appropriate for group conference discussions, The Pioneer PDP-502MX has a relatively good gray scale capability; it can display 245 of 256 differences in input levels for a 7,94 bit depth, Its linearity surpasses that we have measured for CRT monitors, and comes about because of its precisely formed pixel structure, This pixel structure, like in LCD monitors, can have several non- operating pixels, It has a very high (exceeds 60% over the entire screen) and a very uniform 1-pixel-on/1-pixel-off contrast modulation for both the horizontal and vertical directions, The PDP can have a maximum luminance up to 40 fL for a small patch of white, and a minimum luminance of 0.2 fL For full screen white, its luminance is 18 fL, limited by internal circuitry to minimize panel heat generation and its luminance is more uniform than a CRT monitor, The reflectivity and the viewing angle are about the same as for a CRT monitor, It has a capability to do stereo imaging at 43 Hz per eye, which is on the borderline of visible flicker, and its dynamic range in stereo is good, The extinction ratio is poor, and is probably limited by the long persistence of the green phosphor, Most who have seen the Pioneer PDP-502MX would love to have one, at least for football games, The price is about 18,000.

  3. Neo-liberalism, the 'third way' or what? Recent social democratic welfare policies in Denmark and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kersbergen, C.J. van; Green-Pedersen, C.; Hemerijck, A.

    2001-01-01

    After the wave of conservative or neo-liberal governments in Europe in the 1980s, social democratic parties are back in government in most European countries. At the same time, with the 'third way' as its catch phrase, European social democracy seems to have regained the ideological upper hand. The

  4. Radical democratic politics and feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Labrin, Soledad

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available In the article I present a reflection around the radical democratic project proposed by Chantal Mouffe and Ernesto Laclau. Specifically, I examine the application of the project in the context of the “new social movements” and especially, of feminist movement. I state the need of drawing attention to universalism and essentialism as the main obstacles to generate a collective proposal without margins. Nevertheless, doubts remind about the possibility of building up a feminism tailored by the radical democratic project, in a stage in which the political action of such a movement is characterized by categories that are closed and crystallized

  5. Democratization of Learning through Thematic Assignment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medellu, Christophil S.; Lumingkewas, S.; Walangitan, J. F.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the results of research on learning democratization in Sangihe. This study is the first year of a five-year plan. Long-term goal of this research is to create the democratic science learning in schools. Democratic learning model was developed through thematic assignment, involving the participation of parents and…

  6. Appraising Party Cadres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    An efficient cadre appraisal system guarantees cadres of the Communist Party of China will serve the people wholeheartedly According to the Progress in A China’s Human Rights in 2009 white paper,there were more than 2.9 million ethnic-minority cadres in China,accounting for 7.4 percent

  7. Partying as Everyday Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demant, Jakob; Østergaard, Jeanette

    2007-01-01

    situates the event in everyday life. By drawing on Maffesoli's (1996) concept of ‘sociality' and Lincoln's (2005) concept of zoning the spatial and social logic of the house, partying is analysed using both qualitative and quantitative material. The analysis suggests that the consumption of alcohol (i...... to reaffirm friendship and is therefore an integrated part of adolescents' everyday life.  ...

  8. Persecution by third parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, Ben; Spijkerboer, Thomas; Zwaan, Karin; Fernhout, Roel

    1998-01-01

    As a large number of the present day asylum claims concern situations of civil war or of a break down of (central) governmental authority the issue of persecution by third parties is of great importance. Although the main characteristics of the different positions are clear, precise information abou

  9. BURDEN OF PROOF IN CONSTITUTIONAL PROCESS UNDER CONSIDERATION OF DEMOCRATIC STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Mendanha Dias

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Under the aegis of the democratic rule of law, the contradictory it appears as a fundamental premise of constitutionalised process. In this view, the contradictory, more than just right party to exercise its right of defense, it should be seen as a form of compartipação in the process, allowing the parties to the probative production as an effective influence on acertamento right. Thus, it should be disproved the right mitigation attempts contradictory in the evidentiary phase and imposing aside the need to produce proofimpossible or difficult to perform, under penalty of offending the process understood in the modern normative framework.

  10. Children's Right to Democratic Upbringings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Marita

    2005-01-01

    Western preschools and schools find it important to nurture democracy. However, in order to succeed in nurturing democracy, democratic ideas must be implemented in all situations. Education alone, therefore, is not enough. All children must experience real influence over their situations, and experience the opportunity for self-determination in…

  11. Deliberative Democratic Evaluation in Preschools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hreinsdottir, Anna Magnea; Davidsdottir, Sigurlina

    2012-01-01

    In this study, the merit of using deliberative democratic evaluations is studied in light of ten questions asked by House and Howe, which defined the approach and raise issues of interests, representation, and choice of stakeholders, power balances and procedures for controlling them, participation, reflection and deliberation. Suggestions by…

  12. Matryoshka of Special Democratic Forms

    CERN Document Server

    Devchand, Chandrashekar; Weingart, Gregor

    2008-01-01

    Special p-forms are forms which have components \\phi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_p} equal to +1,-1 or 0 in some orthonormal basis. A p-form \\phi\\in \\Lambda^p R^d is called democratic if the set of nonzero components {\\phi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_p}} is symmetric under the transitive action of a subgroup of O(d,Z) on the indices {1,...,d}. Knowledge of these symmetry groups allows us to define mappings of special democratic p-forms in d dimensions to special democratic P-forms in D dimensions for successively higher P \\geq p and D \\geq d. In particular, we display a remarkable nested stucture of special forms including a U(3)-invariant 2-form in six dimensions, a G_2-invariant 3-form in seven dimensions, a Spin(7)-invariant 4-form in eight dimensions and a special democratic 6-form \\Omega in ten dimensions. The latter has the remarkable property that its contraction with one of five distinct bivectors, yields, in the orthogonal eight dimensions, the Spin(7)-invariant 4-form. We discuss various properties of this ten dimensional form.

  13. BRICS Countries and Democratic Contagion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Bruno

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article explores whether the interstate dynamics of the BRICS can activate those processes of convergence of politicalregimes and practices known as “democratic contagion.” As this contagion was experienced during the “third wave” ofdemocratization, mainly because of homogeneity among states and structural conditions for democratic attraction, theBRICS are not likely to repeat these dynamics. On the contrary, the only real constitutional homogeneity among the BRICScountries is the standard of non-interference in the internal affairs of each member. Non-interference also means abstainingfrom any initiative to condition the transformation of political regimes in consideration of the same interstate cooperation. Thedynamics of the BRICS shows that different political regimes can promote institutionalized forms of interstate cooperationwithout any mutual contamination at the constitutional level. The theories of “transition” and “democratic contagion” areinsufficient to understand these dynamics in the context of the BRICS; for this reason, the theory of democratic transitioncannot provide an adequate analysis of BRICS. With its members “split in unity,” as an institution the BRICS suggests anevolution toward a model of “not eurocentric dependence” that can overcome the “peripheral realism” of the role of eachstate in its own foreign policy.

  14. Party rules, party resources and the politics of parliamentary democracies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poguntke, Thomas; Scarrow, Susan; Webb, Paul

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces the first findings of the Political Party Database Project, a major survey of party organizations in parliamentary and semi-presidential democracies. The project’s first round of data covers 122 parties in 19 countries. In this article, we describe the scope of the database...

  15. Dietary probiotic supplementation (Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11) modulates gut microbiota and promotes growth and condition in Senegalese sole larviculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobo, Carmen; Moreno-Ventas, Xabier; Tapia-Paniagua, Silvana; Rodríguez, Covadonga; Moriñigo, Miguel A; de La Banda, Inés García

    2014-02-01

    Probiotic supplementation in fish aquaculture has significantly increased in the last decade due to its beneficial effect on fish performance. Probiotic use at early stages of fish development may contribute to better face metamorphosis and weaning stress. In the present work, we studied the influence of Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 supplementation on growth, body composition and gut microbiota in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) during larval and weaning development. S. putrefaciens Pdp11 was incorporated using Artemia as live vector (2.5 × 10⁷ cfu mL⁻¹) and supplied to sole specimens in a co-feeding regime (10-86 DAH) by triplicate. Probiotic addition promoted early metamorphosis and a significantly higher growth in length at 24 DAH larvae. S. putrefaciens Pdp11 also modulated gut microbiota and significantly increased protein content and DHA/EPA ratios in sole fry (90 DAH). This nutritional enhancement is considered especially important after weaning, where significantly higher growth in length and weight was observed in probiotic fish. Moreover, a less heterogeneous fish size in length was detected since metamorphosis till the end of weaning, being of interest for sole aquaculture production. After weaning, fish showed significantly higher growth (length and weight) and less variable lengths in fish when supplemented with probiotics. Both the enhancement of nutritional condition and the decrease in size variability associated with probiotic addition are highly interesting for sole aquaculture production.

  16. Esquerra Republicana de Cataluña durante la transición democrática: el proceso hacia su legalización como partido político = Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya during the democratic transition: the process towards legalization as a political party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Castellanos López

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como objetivo el estudio del proceso político que llevó al partido Esquerra Republicana de Cataluña (ERC a no poder concurrir con sus propias siglas a las elecciones celebradas el 15 de junio de 1977, por encontrarse aún en una situación de ilegalidad; y el proceso que llevo a su posterior legalización apenas transcurrido mes y medio después de esos comicios. Las fuentes utilizadas para ello poseen una triple vertiente: las hemerográficas, las procedentes de las Cortes Españolas y las situadas en los fondos de la propia ERC. Entre las principales conclusiones que se plantea este trabajo se encuentra el hecho de que el gobierno de Adolfo Suárez, escudándose en la legalidad entonces vigente impidió la legalización de los partidos que se autodenominaban como republicanos para sustraer ese tema de los ya citados comicios. Entre esas formaciones y debido a su relevancia en el escenario catalán, la ilegalidad de ERC fue la gran cuestión objeto de debate en este sentido.The aim of this article is to analyse the political process which resulted in the Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC party not being able to stand in the elections of June 15, 1977 under its own name, due to the fact that it was still in an illegal situation. It will also address the process which led to the subsequent legalisation of the ERC just a month and a half after these elections. The sources examined are threefold: those from newspapers, from the Spanish courts, and from the ERC itself. One of the principal conclusions which this paper proposes is that the government of Adolfo Suarez, using the law in force as an excuse, prevented the legalisation of parties calling themselves ‘republican’ in order to exclude this issue from the aforementioned elections. Between these political parties and due to its relevance on the Catalan scene, the illegality of the ERC was the great subject of debate.

  17. PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF PHOTOSENSITIVE COPOLYMERS FOR PDP BARRIER RIBS FORMED BY PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao Zhang; Qian-wen Dong; Wei Zhang; Jie Wei

    2013-01-01

    In this work,the photosensitive paste was prepared.It was comprised of inorganic particles and a photosensitive organic component.The inorganic particles included glass,ceramics,and metals.The organic component should contain at least the following photosensitive materials:photosensitive monomers,photoreactive copolymer and photopolymerization initiators.The photoreactive copolymer played a role of an adhesive in the photosensitive paste.Meanwhile in the development stage,the carboxyl groups of the copolymer reacted with the alkalescent developer.Following this,the unexposed part must be removed and an excellent pattern can be formed.A series of three-component acrylic copolymers (MAA/St/MMA) were designed,and then synthesized via free radical polymerization.Subsequently glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was employed to modify the prepared copolymers through ring-opening reactions between the carboxyl groups and the epoxide groups.Eventually the photosensitive copolymers were obtained and used to form the barrier ribs of PDPs.The chemical structure,glass transition temperature,acid value and molecular weight of photosensitive copolymers had different effects on the structure and pattern of PDP barrier ribs.Through analyzing effects of different polymer performance parameters on the patterns of barrier ribs,the optimal photosensitive copolymer was acquired.

  18. Social Movements and New Forms of Political Organization: Podemos as a Hybrid Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Chironi

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the restructuring of the party systems in several European countries was accompanied or preceded by massive waves of anti-austerity protests. Although the causal relation between these mobilizations and the rise of new parties has already been assessed, the organizational features remain understudied. To fill this gap, here we analyse the impact of the cycle of anti-austerity and pro-real democracy protests which emerged in 2011 with the birth and organizational development of the Spanish party Podemos. Bridging two subfields of social and political sciences—movement studies and party studies—we pay particular attention to the dichotomy between horizontality and verticality within Podemos' organization. In particular, we address the issues of social movement effects as well as party foundation and organizational development. Our main findings suggest that movement mobilization played a large role in shaping Podemos' foundational choices, particularly with reference to the fundamental principles of the party and its strategic positioning. Podemos is also experimenting new democratic methods internally. Nonetheless, empirical analysis shows that, overall, the influence of movements' organizational models on the organizational structure of the party has been limited. Yet, the result is a “hybrid” party that finds a balance between the horizontalism of social movements and the efficiency of parties.

  19. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! http://www.cern.ch/cern50/

  20. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! http://www.cern.ch/cern50/

  1. Youth and Ethnic Movements and Their Impacts on Party Politics in ECOWAS Member States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taiwo A. Olaiya

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Although they historically played a pivotal role in the fight against colonial rule—as they have in recent attempts to entrench multiparty democratic processes—the role of youth in political parties in West Africa has received less than commensurate attention in studies on democratization. Unlike in advanced democracies where parties are key agents of political socialization and leadership, parties in West Africa are built on ethno-religious foundations. A peculiar character of highly marginalized youth thus becomes inevitable, both in politics and decision-making processes of the state. To assert themselves, the youth have also become agents of destabilization of the democracy they partook to build. Apart from their involvement in political violence, youths are now available as unconscientious “foot soldiers” of ethnic militias and terrorist groups that are constituting increased social problems in West Africa. In this article, we examine how parties and youth have interacted to define the emergence and character of threat to the nascent democracies in contemporary West Africa. The article interrogates how the notions of “youth” and “political participation” have continued to play out in different West African countries within the context of the opportunities and challenges of Africa’s youth bulge on the democratization process. The article observes that the marginalization of West African youths has been part and parcel of history only that their situation has further raised the stake as agent of social disorder in the absence of positive engagement in the recent times.

  2. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/ All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. Your Golden Jubilee Party Friday 17 September 2004 at 16:00 Restaurant 1, Main Building Programme Speech by Director-General Toast in honour of CERN Cocktails and ambient music Video projections of five decades of CERN and at 18:00 ... A surprise music show. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  3. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held in the cafeteria and on the terrace (if the weather permits) of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks, snacks and a surprise music show by the CERN Big Bang Orchestra! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (Bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  4. Multi-Party Quantum Steganography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihara, Takashi

    2017-02-01

    Steganography has been proposed as a data hiding technique. As a derivation, quantum steganography based on quantum physics has also been proposed. In this paper, we extend the results in presented (Mihara, Phys. Lett. 379, 952 2015) and propose a multi-party quantum steganography technique that combines quantum error-correcting codes with entanglement. The proposed protocol shares an entangled state among n +1 parties and sends n secret messages, corresponding to the n parties, to the other party. With no knowledge of the other secret messages, the n parties can construct a stego message by cooperating with each other. Finally, we propose a protocol for sending qubits using the same technique.

  5. Departies: conceptualizing extended youth parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjær, Eivind Grip; Tutenges, Sébastien

    2017-01-01

    Every year, millions of young people travel away from home to party for days or weeks on end in permissive environments, such as music festivals, dance parties, and nightlife resorts. The studies that have been conducted on these extended youth parties have focused primarily on specific risk...... immoral; (4) stylistically, by altering their stylistic expressions through dress, demeanor, and consumption; and (5) experientially, because the parties generate mood and mind alterations. These are overlapping and intertwined elements, the combination of which amounts to a distinct type of youth party...

  6. Departies: conceptualizing extended youth parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eivind Grip, Fjær,; Tutenges, Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    Every year, millions of young people travel away from home to party for days or weeks on end in permissive environments, such as music festivals, dance parties, and nightlife resorts. The studies that have been conducted on these extended youth parties have focused primarily on specific risk...... immoral; (4) stylistically, by altering their stylistic expressions through dress, demeanor, and consumption; and (5) experientially, because the parties generate mood and mind alterations. These are overlapping and intertwined elements, the combination of which amounts to a distinct type of youth party...

  7. Receptivity, possibility, and democratic politics

    OpenAIRE

    Kompridis, Nikolas

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I present a model of receptivity that is composed of ontological and normative dimensions, which I argue answer to the critical-diagnostic and to the possibility-disclosing needs of democratic politics. I distinguish between ‘pre-reflective receptivity,’ understood ontologically as a condition of intelligibility, and ‘reflective receptivity,’ understood normatively as a condition of disclosing new possibilities.Keywords: receptivity; change; possibility; critique; reflective dis...

  8. Democratic values, emotions and emotivism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vranić Bojan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore the relation between democratic values and emotions. The author argues that democratic values and emotional judgments are inter-reducible: political agents use emotional judgments to reflexively evaluate normative paradigms of political life. In the first part of the paper, the author describes the state of emotions in contemporary political philosophy and identifies Charles Stevenson’s ethical conception of emotivism as the first comprehensive attempt to neutrally conceptualize emotions in moral and political thinking. The second part of the paper explores the shortcomings of emotivism and finds an adequate alternative in Martha Nussbaum’s concept of emotional judgment as the one that contains beliefs and values about social objects. In the final part of the paper, the author identifies that moral and political disagreements emerge in democracies from ranking of the importance of political objects. The evaluation criteria for this type of ranking is derived from democratic values which are reducible to agents’ emotional judgments. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179076

  9. From the Boardroom to the Chamber: Business Interests and Party Politics in Mexico Intereses empresariales y política partidaria en México

    OpenAIRE

    Steve T Wuhs

    2010-01-01

    One of the lesser-acknowledged conclusions from analyses of the third wave of democratization relates to the importance of conservatives to democratic consolidation. Yet we know very little about the way that such interests are incorporated into the formal, institutional arena of parties and elections – especially as relates to business interests. This is true in spite of a clear, cross-regional rise in the presence of entrepreneurs themselves in politics. This article generates and evaluates...

  10. The Thoughts, Rules, Spirit and Inner-party Democracy---Scientific Construction of Inner-party Democracy through the Constitution of the Party%思想、规章、精神与党内民主--通过党章考察党内民主建设的科学化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周振福

    2014-01-01

    党内民主是党的生命,主要包括三个层次:一是民主的思想或意识;二是民主的制度或体制;三是民主的精神或生活习惯。党章对党内民主进行了许多原则性、系统性的制度规定,但是,有些制度在实践中不能得到很好地贯彻和落实,其中一个重要原因在于作为党内民主主体的党员还没有将党章规定的民主制度内化为党员的民主精神或生活习惯。%Inner-party democracy is the life of the party, and Mainly includes three levels. One level is the democratic thought or consciousness. Second level is the democratic system or system. Three level is the spirit of democracy or living habits. Three levels are the process of mutual promotion, reciprocating cycle, and continuously improvement. The constitution of the party is the general charter and the general rules of the party, make many principle and systematic regulations, and effectively promoted the scientific construction of inner-party democracy. However, some systems have not been well implemented in practice. One of the important reasons is that the party members as the main body of the inner-party democracy do not take the democratic system as democratic spirit or living habit.

  11. Ideological Cooperation versus Cold War Realpolitik - The SED and the Icelandic Socialist Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valur Ingimundarson

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the relationship between the East German Socialist Unity Party (SED and the Icelandic Socialist Party (SEI during the Cold War. It details the structural limitations of ideological cooperation between the two parties – Iceland’s NATO membership and the U.S. military presence – as well as its possibilities, especially in the 1950s, through the governmental participation of the SEI. Special attention is devoted to the role played by Einar Olgeirsson, the chairman of the SEI 1939–1968, who was instrumental in forging and developing political, economic, and cultural ties with the SED and the German Democratic Republic. The article argues that this experiment in transnational solidarity between socialist parties from two radically different political systems failed in the end due to several factors, including ideological differences and the political and economic development in Iceland.

  12. Democratization of Party and Democratic Administration%党的民主化与民主执政

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张书林

    2006-01-01

    党的民主化是远比党内民主化更加宽泛的新的研究领域.文章认为,党的民主化是党内民主、党政民主、党群民主、党法民主和党际民主的综合体现;党的民主化从内在机制上有利于推动党的民主执政.

  13. Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the State?: National machineries

    OpenAIRE

    Rai, Shirin M

    2003-01-01

    Democratization has become an important concept in the last ten years. With the end of the Cold War, the spread of globalization, and the extension of economic regulatory regimes, democratization has come to be seen as important to securing long-term political stability. Much has been written about democratization and gender in works on human rights, citizenship, women's movements and challenges to authoritarian regimes. This book, published in association with the United Nations, builds on t...

  14. Weather conditions and political party vote share in Dutch national parliament elections, 1971-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisinga, Rob; Te Grotenhuis, Manfred; Pelzer, Ben

    2012-11-01

    Inclement weather on election day is widely seen to benefit certain political parties at the expense of others. Empirical evidence for this weather-vote share hypothesis is sparse however. We examine the effects of rainfall and temperature on share of the votes of eight political parties that participated in 13 national parliament elections, held in the Netherlands from 1971 to 2010. This paper merges the election results for all Dutch municipalities with election-day weather observations drawn from all official weather stations well distributed over the country. We find that the weather parameters affect the election results in a statistically and politically significant way. Whereas the Christian Democratic party benefits from substantial rain (10 mm) on voting day by gaining one extra seat in the 150-seat Dutch national parliament, the left-wing Social Democratic (Labor) and the Socialist parties are found to suffer from cold and wet conditions. Cold (5°C) and rainy (10 mm) election day weather causes the latter parties to lose one or two parliamentary seats.

  15. Description of the plasma diagnostics package (PDP) for the OSS-1 Shuttle mission and JSC plasma chamber test in conjunction with the fast pulse electron gun (FPEG)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shawhan, S. D.

    1982-01-01

    The objectives, equipment, and techniques for the plasma diagnostics package (PDP) carried by the OSS-1 instrument payload of the STS-4 and scheduled for the Spacelab-2 mission are described. The goals of the first flight were to examine the Orbiter-magnetoplasma interactions by measuring the electric and magnetic field strengths, the ionized particle wakes, and the generated waves. The RMS was employed to lift the unit out of the bay in order to allow characterization of the fields, EM interference, and plasma contamination within 15 m of the Orbiter. The PDP will also be used to examine plasma depletion, chemical reaction rates, waves, and energized plasma produced by firing of the Orbiter thrusters. Operation of the PDP was carried out in the NASA Space Environment Simulation Laboratory test chamber, where the PDP was used to assay the fields, fluxes, wave amplitudes, and particle energy spectra. The PDP instrumentation is also capable of detecting thermal ions, thermal electrons suprathermal particles, VHF/UHF EMI levels, and the S-band field strength.

  16. Cafestol to Tricalysiolide B and Oxidized Analogues: Biosynthetic and Derivatization Studies Using Non-heme Iron Catalyst Fe(PDP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigi, Marinus A; Liu, Peng; Zou, Lufeng; Houk, K N; White, M Christina

    2012-12-01

    The tricalysiolides are a recently isolated class of diterpene natural products featuring the carbon backbone of the well-known coffee extract, cafestol. Herein we validate the use of our non-heme iron complex, Fe(PDP), as an oxidative tailoring enzyme mimic to test the proposal that this class of natural products derives from cafestol via cytochrome P-450-mediated furan oxidation. Thereafter, as predicted by computational analysis, C-H oxidation derivatization studies provided a novel 2° alcohol product as a single diastereomer.

  17. PDP of a 200 kt/a Styrene Unit Licensed to Blue Star Chemical-Co.by SPRI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The technology development project "PDP of the S-SMT styrene unit",which was jointly performed by the SINOPEC Shanghai Petrochemical Research Institute (SPRI) as the leading organization and the East China University of Science and Technology and the SINOPEC Shanghai Engineering Co.,Ltd.,has successively developed the package process technology for manufacture of styrene through dehydrogenation of ethyl benzene in the following scale: 60kt/a,80 kt/a,150 kt/a,200 kt/a and 500 kt/a with the technology becoming gradually matured.

  18. From Party Systems to Party Organizations: The Adaptation of Latin American Parties to Changing Environments De sistemas partidarios a la organización partidaria. La adaptación de partidos latinoamericanos a ambientes cambiantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wills-Otero

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Review Article:Alcántara Sáez, Manuel (ed. (2008, Politicians and Politics in Latin America, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Greene, Kenneth F. (2007, Why Dominant Parties Lose. Mexico’s Democratization in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. Levitsky, Steven (2003, Transforming Labor-based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. The study of party systems and political parties is one of the largest subfields in political science. Classic studies in advanced democracies focused primarily on party systems and developed theories about the causes and consequences of different types of systems. In recent years, new academic work begun to differentiate parties within systems by understanding their organizational structure, their internal dynamics, the different ways in which they interact with their constituencies, and the strategies that they use to attract voters. Studies show that parties within the same system behave and react differently given their internal conditions. This article reviews three scholarly books that deal with this issue. The works analyze the internal dynamics of Latin American political parties and their capacity to respond and adapt their structures when environmental challenges take place. Review Article:Alcántara Sáez, Manuel (ed. (2008, Politicians and Politics in Latin America, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Greene, Kenneth F. (2007, Why Dominant Parties Lose. Mexico���s Democratization in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. Levitsky, Steven (2003, Transforming Labor-based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. El estudio de los sistemas de partidos y partidos políticos es una de las áreas más amplias en la ciencia política. Trabajos clásicos llevados a cabo en democracias avanzadas, enfocaron su atenci

  19. Democratic constraints on demographic policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigsby, J S

    1984-01-01

    The discussion compares the population policies adopted in Sweden during the 1930s to raise fertiity and the policies considered in the US during the 1970s in response to the high fertility experienced in the 1950s. Both sets of policies recommended increased availability of birth control, more liberal abortion laws, and greater employment opportunities for women. It becomes evident that the constraints imposed by a democratic system of government translate into policy recommendations that place individual freedom of choice and equal opportunity for all citizens as higher goals than any specific demographic target. Consequently, the population commissions of Sweden and the US made similar suggestions on how to resolve their opposite demographic problems. The demographic situations in the 2 nations were antipodal, and the countries also had very different social climates. This additional disparity was insufficient to counterbalance the apparently overwhelming influence of the democratic political systems in making virtually identical policy recommendations. Yet, the contrasting social climates of Sweden in 1935 and the US in 1970-72 may explain the different reactions each commission received. In terms of the responses by both citizens and government officials to the commissions' reports, the Swedish commission was more successful. Practically all of their recommendations were enthusiastically received and quickly adopted by the Swedish Riksdag. Yet, when the criterion for success becomes whether or not a demographic target was met, it increased in the 1940s and then dropped again while the same social policies were in effect. Even before the US commission began its study, fertility in the US had fallen and continues to remain low. These findings suggest that commissions in democratic countries will most likely never recommend dramatic measures in population policy. Thus, it is questionable whether such commissions in democratic nations will totally fulfill the

  20. The Democratic Vision of Carl Schmitt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Søren Hviid

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to justify two propositions. One, that Schmitt’s political vision is indeed democratic and second, that Schmitt’s democratic vision, plebiscitary or leadership democracy, is better adapted to our modern political condition and the challenges confronting modern...

  1. Democratic Teaching: An Incomplete Job Description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Rachel

    2014-01-01

    The importance of public education in democratic states is almost beyond dispute. Too often, though, discussions of democratic education focus solely on policies and systems, forgetting the individual teachers who are ultimately responsible for educating future citizens. This paper attempts to illustrate just how complex and significant the role…

  2. The Democratic Process: Promises and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bragaw, Donald, Ed.

    When the Berlin Wall (East Germany) came down, it symbolically foretold the end of the Soviet Union domination of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. This resource guide examines the process toward democratization occurring in those regions. The guide updates the available classroom material on the democratic process. It is divided into three…

  3. The School as a Democratic Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Brandy

    2011-01-01

    Schools may be able to play a particular role in instilling a strong American identity in young people. They can do this by actively practicing democratic community within the school. This practice of democratic community is key to the development of an individual identity that prioritizes the interdependent relationship between individual and…

  4. The International Telephone Network and Democratization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Su-Lien; Barnett, George A.

    1994-01-01

    Examines the relationship between the international telephone network and democratization through network analysis. Highlights include principles of modern democracy; community and global interactions; a country's pattern of communication and its relationship to democratic development; and a country's position in the international telephone…

  5. Citizen Democracy and the Responsiveness of Councillors: The Effects of Democratic Institutionalisation on the Role Orientations and Role Behaviour of Councillors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Denters, Sebastianus A.H.; Klok, Pieter J.

    2013-01-01

    In this article the old question: ‘Do institutions matter?’ is answered for institutions that define democratic systems as more citizen-oriented as opposed to systems where political parties play a more important role. The focus is on the possible influence of these institutions on the orientations

  6. Citizen Democracy and the Responsiveness of Councillors: The Effects of Democratic Institutionalisation on the Role Orientations and Role Behaviour of Councillors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Denters, S.A.H.; Klok, P.J.

    2013-01-01

    In this article the old question: ‘Do institutions matter?’ is answered for institutions that define democratic systems as more citizen-oriented as opposed to systems where political parties play a more important role. The focus is on the possible influence of these institutions on the orientations

  7. Improving democratic governance through institutional design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torfing, Jacob; Skelcher, Chris

    2010-01-01

    In this article we provide a conceptual and argumentative framework for studying how institutional design can enhance civic participation and ultimately increase citizens' sense of democratic ownership of governmental processes. First, we set out the socio-political context for enhancing the demo......In this article we provide a conceptual and argumentative framework for studying how institutional design can enhance civic participation and ultimately increase citizens' sense of democratic ownership of governmental processes. First, we set out the socio-political context for enhancing...... the democratic governance of regulatory policies in Europe, and highlight the way in which civic participation and democratic ownership is given equal weight to economic competitiveness. We then discuss the potential for institutionalized participatory governance to develop and its prospects for improving...... effective and democratic governance in the multi-layered European polity. We conclude by outlining a research agenda for the field and identifying the priorities for scholars working interactively with civil society and governments....

  8. Between Party, Parents and Peers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bregnbæk, Susanne

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the lived contradictions entailed in being a young member of the Chinese Communist Party (ccp) today. The focus is on how political and existential issues intersect. It explores party membership as a strategy for personal mobility among Beijing elite university students...

  9. End of Year Party Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GREGGWYCHERLEY

    2004-01-01

    We all remember the raucous end of year office party, where everybody drinks too much, wears silly party hats and ends up doing something best forgotten.Traditionally the venue is the office itself,strung up with a few makeshift decorations,combined with a table-load of food and drink, and offyou go.

  10. 16 CFR 1507.11 - Party poppers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Party poppers. 1507.11 Section 1507.11... FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.11 Party poppers. Party poppers (also known by other names such as “Champagne Party Poppers,” and “Party Surprise Poppers,”) shall not contain more than 0.25 grains of...

  11. Neoliberalism, Grievances, and Democratization: An Exploration of the Role of Material Hardships in Shaping Mexico’s Democratic Transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Shefner

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the relationship between neoliberalism and democratization in Mexico. For decades the Mexican state maintained the one-party rule of the PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional through a complex arrangement involving corporatist and clientelist practices. The onset of neoliberalism – including the 1982 peso crisis and the imposition of structural adjustment policies – realigned state policies with the result that the Mexican state transformed from a populist provider for many Mexicans to the instrument of their severe hardships. The state did little to protect people from nation-wide declines in wages and increases in unemployment, while withdrawing a range of subsidies necessary for daily survival. The size, scope and density of the resulting hardships, in turn, united a multi-class coalition that for the first time was able to work together to demand political change. Multiple demands emerged, corresponding to different sectors of society and different hardships, but in the end the demand for democracy became the unifying strategy. A decade after the end of one-party rule in Mexico, we can evaluate how hardships united people to demand change, even as that change has been more procedural than substantive.

  12. Democratic consolidation in sub-Saharan Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Pérez González

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The contributions made by theory on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe are also pertinent to analysis of processes of democratization and democratic consolidation in other areas, such as sub-Saharan Africa. The parameters of analysis highlight the importance of a strong state (organized, with legitimated institutions and a structured society (whether multiethnic or not as necessary conditions for democratization. On the assumption that the colonizing powers basically used two models –the French assimilationist model and the British indirect government model– the study of how these conditions were fulfilled in various sub-Saharan states leads to two conclusions: the first, the possibility of a process of democratization in those states where European (French colonization produced a total assimilation of the colonized society, including above all the colonizer’s political values; and the second, the possibility of processes of democratization in states produced by British colonization where the indigenous structures and those of the metropolis were superimposed, a phenomenon which allowed the application of democratic values by legitimated local institutions.

  13. POLITICAL PARTIES AND THEIR ROLE IN SAFEGUARDING THE SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia-Elena, OLARU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the political scene of the world is stirred by political parties. The separate fronts of the Government, on the one side, and Parliament, on the other, are now obsolete notions, while political parties dominate social life, having become genuine states in state. Therefore, within the contemporary organization of the powers in state, the issues are assessed from a different perspective: traditional structures are maintained, while their functions evolve and transform rapidly. A modern society without political parties is unconceivable. Today, more than ever, political parties deserve their qualification of "engines of political life" and "reasons of the aging of the classical theory of the separation of powers"; at the same time, they must act within the boundaries set by law, namely by observing the principles of a democratic state and the constitutional order. When dealing with the theory of the separation of powers in state, we must keep in mind that, to a large extent, it was developed in a time in which political parties did not exist yet or were not in their modern form. The main problems were of institutional nature and referred to the various bodies, their competencies and the relationships between them. Unfortunately, in societies in transition, where authentic democracy is still developing, political parties - in some countries - perceive governing as a means of obtaining ministerial portfolios at all costs, irrespective of whether they have professionals for the field concerned or not. This often creates a governmental crisis, which usually leads to changing the incumbents and obtaining more positions in the new government. In this context, some of the incumbent parties set up all kinds of obstacles in order to limit the number of parties, and if this limitation fails, they manage to create legal provisions which discriminate among parties with seats in Parliament and those which are not represented, both in local and

  14. Whose Canon? Culturalization versus Democratization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erling Bjurström

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Current accounts – and particularly the critique – of canon formation are primarily based on some form of identity politics. In the 20th century a representational model of social identities replaced cultivation as the primary means to democratize the canons of the fine arts. In a parallel development, the discourse on canons has shifted its focus from processes of inclusion to those of exclusion. This shift corresponds, on the one hand, to the construction of so-called alternative canons or counter-canons, and, on the other hand, to attempts to restore the authority of canons considered to be in a state of crisis or decaying. Regardless of the democratic stance of these efforts, the construction of alternatives or the reestablishment of decaying canons does not seem to achieve their aims, since they break with the explicit and implicit rules of canon formation. Politically motivated attempts to revise or restore a specific canon make the workings of canon formation too visible, transparent and calculated, thereby breaking the spell of its imaginary character. Retracing the history of the canonization of the fine arts reveals that it was originally tied to the disembedding of artists and artworks from social and worldly affairs, whereas debates about canons of the fine arts since the end of the 20th century are heavily dependent on their social, cultural and historical reembedding. The latter has the character of disenchantment, but has also fettered the canon debate in notions of “our” versus “their” culture. However, by emphasizing the dedifferentiation of contemporary processes of culturalization, the advancing canonization of popular culture seems to be able to break with identity politics that foster notions of “our” culture in the present thinking on canons, and push it in a more transgressive, syncretic or hybrid direction.

  15. Enhanced democratic learning within the Aalborg Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, Palle

    2010-01-01

    The Aalborg PBL Model [Kjersdam & Enemark, 1997; Kolmos et al., 2004] is an example of a democratic learning system [Qvist, 2008]. Writing one project each semester in teams is an important element in the model. Medicine with Industrial Specialisation - a study at the Faculties of Engineering......, Science and Medicine at Aalborg University - has combined the Aalborg Model with solving cases as used by other models. A questionnaire survey related to democratic learning indicates that the democratic learning has been enhanced. This paper presents the results....

  16. Enhanced democratic learning within the Aalborg Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, Palle

    2010-01-01

    The Aalborg PBL Model [Kjersdam & Enemark, 1997; Kolmos et al., 2004] is an example of a democratic learning system [Qvist, 2008]. Writing one project each semester in teams is an important element in the model. Medicine with Industrial Specialisation - a study at the Faculties of Engineering......, Science and Medicine at Aalborg University - has combined the Aalborg Model with solving cases as used by other models. A questionnaire survey related to democratic learning indicates that the democratic learning has been enhanced. This paper presents the results....

  17. DEMOCRATIC ATTITUDES OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Müge TAÇMAN

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The primary aim of this study was to determine the democratic attitudes of the classroomteachers. This study is a descriptive research. In this research, democratic attitude scala which was developed by“published for the attitude research labaratory” and adapted to Turkish educational system by Gözütok (1995 wasused. Research group consisted fifty teachers from four private primary schools in Ankara. The data were analyzed byone way ANOVA. According of the results of the research, democratic attitudes of teachers have been discriminated onteachers’ sexuality, seniority and graduate level

  18. 和谐视域下中国党际政治沟通的特点和作用%The features and functions of China’s inter-party political communication under the harmonious circumstances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡旺儒; 范康宁

    2012-01-01

    通过对中国共产党与民主党派间政治沟通的途径和特点的分析,论证了完善中国共产党与民主党派的党际政治沟通,必将在扩大政治参与、促进政治民主和维护社会稳定的过程中发挥重要的作用。%By analyzing the way and characteristics of the Chinese communist party communication with the democratic parties political this article demonstrates to perfect the inter-party communication between the Chinese communist party and the democratic political parties,the CPC must expand political participation,promote political democracy and maintaining social stability and play an important role in the process.

  19. Teachers' Attitudes towards Reflective Teaching: Evidences in a Professional Development Program (PDP Actitudes de los profesores hacia la enseñanza reflexiva: evidencias en un programa de desarrollo profesional (PDP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Jerez Rodríguez

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Reflective teaching is a paradigm that dominates teacher education around the world and most professional development programs include it as a way to improve teachers' practice. As a teacher educator I am aware of the importance reflective teaching (RT has on teachers' professional development. This article reports a research experience with two in-service teachers of English enrolled in a professional development program at a public university in Bogotá who initiated a reflective teaching process through the development of reflective thinking skills. Data were gathered through interviews, observation, videotaping, questionnaires and a diary. Findings showed some teachers' attitudes towards RT, the possible factors that might have stimulated and lessened reflection, and some of the changes observed in their teaching practice.La enseñanza reflexiva es un paradigma que domina la educación de docentes en el mundo y la mayoría de programas de desarrollo profesional (PDP la incluyen como una manera de mejorar la práctica de los docentes. Como docente educadora, soy consciente de su importancia en el desarrollo profesional. Este artículo describe una experiencia investigativa con dos profesores de inglés participantes en un PDP en una universidad pública en Bogotá, quienes iniciaron un proceso de reflexión sobre su práctica docente mediante el desarrollo de habilidades de pensamiento reflexivo. Los datos se recolectaron mediante entrevistas, observación, video grabación, cuestionarios y un diario. Los resultados mostraron algunas actitudes de los docentes hacia la enseñanza reflexiva, los posibles factores que pudieron estimular e inhibir la reflexión y algunos cambios en su práctica docente.

  20. Laying the Foundations for Democratic Behavior : A Comparison of Three Different Approaches to Democratic Education

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Viola

    2009-01-01

    This work investigates the question: What kind of education supports democratic behavior best? To find out the answer to this question, the author compares three different approaches to democratic education: the Sudbury-approach, the democratic-school-approach and the Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD). This investigation is not only based on literature but also on participating observation. For this reason, the author visited several different schools in the USA which try to realiz...

  1. Fast Scramblers, Democratic Walks and Information Fields

    CERN Document Server

    Magan, Javier M

    2015-01-01

    We study a family of weighted random walks on complete graphs. These `democratic walks' turn out to be explicitly solvable, and we find the hierarchy window for which the characteristic time scale saturates the so-called fast scrambling conjecture. We show that these democratic walks describe well the properties of information spreading in systems in which every degree of freedom interacts with every other degree of freedom, such as Matrix or infinite range models. The argument is based on the analysis of suitably defined `Information fields' ($\\mathcal{I}$), which are shown to evolve stochastically towards stationarity due to unitarity of the microscopic model. The model implies that in democratic systems, stabilization of one subsystem is equivalent to global scrambling. We use these results to study scrambling of infalling perturbations in black hole backgrounds, and argue that the near horizon running coupling constants are connected to entanglement evolution of single particle perturbations in democratic...

  2. Measuring the democratic anchorage of governance networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fotel, Trine; Sørensen, Eva; Torfing, Jacob

    in what we shall call a model for the democratic anchorage of governance networks. As illustrated by our qualitative case study of a multi-level and cross-border governance network involved in the recent decision to build a bridge between Denmark and Germany, the democratic anchorage model helps to assess......There has been a growing debate about the democratic problems and potentials of governance networks among political scientists and public managers. While some claim that governance networks tend to undermine democracy, others argue that they have the potential to improve and strengthen democracy....... This debate is found wanting in two respects. First of all, there has been far too little discussion about what democracy means in relation to pluricentric governance networks. Second, the current debate builds on the assumption that it is possible to give a clear-cut answer to the question of the democratic...

  3. The Challenges of Democratic Governance in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enahoro, N. I.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This review sets out to examine the challenges of democratic governance in Nigeria. Specifically, the work focuseS on some inescapable facts, such as concept of governance and politics, democratic governance, corruption as well as erosion of federalism by Nigerian leaders. The study observes that a government that does not recognize that it holds power in trust for the people is one of the challenges of Nigerian democratic governance. In addition, the work highlights the importance of willed, handful of well meaning totally committed and uncompromised people, to turn the tide and bring about the much needed change to a true democracy in Nigerian governance. Sequel to the findings of this work, it is recommended that, consistent audit should be carried out in Nigerian democratic governance, the properties of genuine federalism be enhanced, elected officials must possess and demonstrate excellent leadership qualities and credentials for the offices they occupy.

  4. Party Newspapers Perspectives and Choices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Espírito Santo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this article is on how different parties use its party newspapers as instruments of political communication, in the current political context, particularly in Portuguese press. As is to be expected, the newspapers reproduce the party’s vision and help disseminate their leaders’ political ideals and proposals. There are, however, significant differences in the history and format of each publication, in terms of the way the political message is put across and the scope of the subjects addressed. This article is based on a content analysis technique, through a categorical qualitative and quantitative systematization. The expected results are centered on the discussion about the communication strategies of ideologically different party newspapers which are visible in front pages. Moreover, this study is expected to contribute to the discussion about personalization in politics, focusing and considering in particular party newspapers. This is a subject that has been scarcely investigated in communication studies and in political science, despite the presence and ideological place of party newspapers in the past and at present. The aim of this article is to make a contribution toward demonstrating and boosting the interest of this important support to party life and politics.

  5. Field-emission transmission electron microscopy study of the reaction sequence between Sn–Ag–Cu alloy and an amorphous Pd(P) thin film in microelectronic packaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ho, C.E., E-mail: ceho1975@hotmail.com; Wang, C.C.; Rahman, M.A.; Lin, Y.C.

    2013-02-01

    The reaction sequence between liquid Sn–3Ag–0.5Cu solder and solid Au/Pd(P)/electrolytic-Ni films was carefully examined using a field-emission transmission electron microscope at different exposure times (15 s, 30 s, and 120 s). After 15 s of exposure, the uppermost layer of Au was removed from the interface and a portion of the Pd(P) film remained. At this stage of the reaction, the predominant products were PdSn{sub 3} and Pd{sub 3}P. After 30 s of exposure, Pd(P) was completely exhausted, and three additional intermetallic species, including Pd–Sn–P, Pd{sub 6}P, and Pd{sub 15}P{sub 2}, nucleated. After 120 s of exposure, the aforementioned species were destroyed, and Cu and Ni were involved in the reaction. The predominant product became (Cu,Ni){sub 6}Sn{sub 5}, and the nucleation of a nanocrystalline Ni{sub 2}SnP layer in the middle of (Cu,Ni){sub 6}Sn{sub 5} resulted. These results suggest that Pd and P play a vital role in the early stage of soldering reaction, even though the Pd(P) film is only a few submicrons thick and its P content is quite low (2–5%). - Highlights: ► Reaction sequence between an amorphous Pd(P) film and Sn–Ag–Cu alloy. ► Solder reaction assisted the crystallization of amorphous Pd(P) into Pd–P phase(s). ► Direct proof of the Pd(P)-induced Ni{sub 2}SnP nucleation. ► Pd and P both played a central role in the early stage of soldering reaction.

  6. RUSSIA’S ‘FOREIGN AGENT’ LAW: A RESPONSE TO AMERICAN DEMOCRATIC PROMOTION POLICY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijay Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently passed the Russian ‘Foreign Agent’ law against foreign funding of NGOs and civil society has attracted criticism from almost every quarter. From home to abroad all party concerned (i.e., civil society organizations, NGO groups, donor countries (especiallyAmericaand European countries as well as some Russian opposition political parties are of the view that this bill has been introduced to scuttle the independent civic activities and in this way unconstitutional. However on the basis of overall analysis of ‘Foreign Agent’ law in the context of American democratic promotion policy this paper is of the view that this law simply cannot be characterized as anti-democratic, which is against the very basis of freedom and rule of law, by the anti-democratic Russian government but it should be seen as extension of same challenge which American democratic promotion policy is facing around the whole world. It is because of its illegal and unconstitutional method of regime change policy, with the help of foreign funded NGOs, and civil society which has compelled various countries includingRussiato resort this type of law. It is important to note that the promise of peace, stability and prosperity by the democratic promotion protagonists after the fall ofSoviet Unionhas not been realised till today. Instead what post-Soviet states are witnessing today is emergence of chauvinist nationalist government in respective countries which witnessed colour revolution. Whole region is now plunging into economic turmoil, ethnic nationalism, rise of religious fundamentalism and identity politics. Recent overthrow of legitimate Viktor Yanukovych government inUkraineand subsequent decision by incumbent government to exclude Russian as administrative language can be sited as example. That is why former American Republican Congressman Ron Paul is of the view that “US‘Democracy Promotion’ Destroys Democracy Overseas’’. In this context this paper

  7. Eventful democratization: why we need methodological pluralism

    OpenAIRE

    Della Porta, Donatella

    2014-01-01

    A keynote for the SCOPE 2014: Science of Politics – International Interdisciplinary Conference of Political Research that took place at the University of Bucharest, Faculty of Political Science between 27 and 29 June 2014, this article assesses at theoretical and methodological level the way in which both agency and structure are relevant in social movements, particularly in processes of eventful democratization. Eventful democratization appears as sudden and unexpected, not only to observers...

  8. Liberalist Variation in Taiwan: Four Democratization Orientations

    OpenAIRE

    Hung-jen Wang

    2012-01-01

    "In this paper the author analyzes how Taiwanese liberalist scholars have discursively and operationally shaped the meanings of Taiwanese democratization via a mix of liberal values and nationalist concerns. He will argue that a valid understanding of democratization in Taiwan has never emerged in a way that adequately responds to a liberalist perspective of the country's ongoing political development. Instead, such an understanding has been subjectively influenced by liberal intellectuals wr...

  9. Democratic Group Signatures with Threshold Traceability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xiang-xue; QIAN Hai-feng; LI Jian-hua

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a concrete democratic group signature scheme which holds (t, n)-threshold trace-ability. In the scheme, the capability of tracing the actual signer is distributed among n group members. It gives a valid democratic group signature such that any subset with more than t members can jointly reconstruct a secret and reveal the identity of the signer. Any active adversary cannot do this even if he can corrupt up to t - 1 group members.

  10. 浅议企业民主管理%Brief Talk on Oil Enterprises'Democratic Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王忠华

    2015-01-01

    开展民主管理工作,发挥民主监督作用,是加强和改进新形势下群众工作,密切党群干群关系的重要举措。深化企业的民主管理工作,就要积极取得组织的领导和支持,营造民主管理的良好环境;进一步完善制度,畅通民主管理的渠道;广纳良言,使职工意见和建议及时得到落实和反馈;提高职工素质和能力,确保民主管理工作的质量和效力;加强监督,推进民主管理工作健康有序进行。%Carrying out the democratic management work and bringing democratic supervising into play is specific embodi-ment of the 18th CPC National Congress and is also an important measure to strengthen and improve the mass work and make the relationship between the Party and the people more closely.To improve the oil enterprises'democratic management work, we must make efforts to get the organization's instructions and support,create a harmonious democratic management environ-ment;improve our system and keep the democratic management gate open to the people;accommodate the staff's suggestions and implement and feedback their suggestions and comments in a timely manner;improve the staff's quality and ability and en-sure the democratic management work's quality and effect;strengthen supervising work and push the democratic management work ahead in a healthy and orderly way.

  11. From Islamist to Muslim Democrat: The Present Phenomenon of Muslim Politics in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MOHD IZANI MOHD ZAIN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Muslim political rivalry in democracy has triggered the birth of two groups; Islamist and Muslim Democrat. The two groups are competing by using a different approach in getting the support of the people. The Islamist group is championing its Islamic State agenda and the implementation of Shari`a as a political ambition within the framework of democracy while the Muslim Democrat recognises democracy and freedom as the basis of their struggle. Due to a greater development in democracy and a more open political rivalry, the Islamist group that was initially strongly backed by their rigid ideology and approach, has decided to change for a more moderate approach. This can be seen through their political strategy that emphasises on universal issues such as democracy, justice and good governance without rhetorical expressions of Islam and Shari`a. This change from Islamist to that of Muslim Democrat is an exciting development for it shows the transition path and direction of Muslim politics in Malaysia. This paper examines the latest development of the Islamist group, i.e. PAS in political rivalry in Malaysia, particularly in the recent General Election in 2013. This article reveals that due to the changing political landscape and democratization, the Islamist has pragmatically moderated their stance to gain more supports and it has embarked on a new landscape for Muslim political rivalry in Malaysia. Although PAS’s new approach to transform its approach to be more open and democratic is still questionable, this study believes that the participation of the party in democracy is no longer just for the sake of election, on the other hand it should recognise democracy as a political culture that emphasizes justice, freedom and good governance.

  12. State Identity, Territorial Integrity and Party Banning: The Case of a Pan Arab Political Party in Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron Harris

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The banning of political parties in democracies, something which seemed to be a matter of the past, has reemerged in recent years in many countries, from Germany to Turkey, from Britain to Israel, and from Spain to Latvia. The present article tells the story of an encounter in the years between 1959 and 1965, between the pan-Arab national movement El Ard and the Israeli executive and judicial branches. According to the author’s interpretation of its history, El Ard was what he calls a “third generation party” based on his categorisation of party objectives and means. It sought to alter the identity of Israel in a radical manner. Yet it was not associated explicitly with organisations or states that aimed at destructing Israel or altering its identity as a Jewish state.

    The article elaborates on the question of how to interpret the objectives of a party; it grapples with the question of what constitutes support for terror and for the use of violence; it raises issues related to the nature of separatism, irredenta, and pan-nationalism; it problematises the test for adherence to democratic principles; and it deals with the effects of emergency and post-war situations. The case study places in thick context, with ample nuances, the dilemmas and doubts involved in the ban of political parties, which have recently came to preoccupy many governments and courts

  13. 亚洲玉米螟pdp1的克隆及功能分析%Cloning and Functional Analysis of pdp1 in Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera:Crambidae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程晓娟; 严善春; 黄勇平; 谭安江

    2013-01-01

    [目的]克隆获得亚洲玉米螟(Ostriniafurnacalis)蛋白酶激活受体类转录因子pdp1(protease-activated receptor-domain protein1)(Ofpdp1)cDNA序列(GenBank登录号:KC857457),明确其基因结构特征,并进一步研究该基因的表达特性及其在生长发育过程中的作用,为亚洲玉米螟的遗传控制提供潜在的靶标基因。[方法]采用RT-PCR和PCR技术,克隆Ofpdp1cDNA序列,利用相关软件进行生物信息学分析;利用qPCR (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction)研究卵期及幼虫期 Ofpdp1表达特征;在原胚期利用RNA干扰技术(RNAi)研究其生物学功能。[结果]克隆得到基因Ofpdp1,全长为960 bp,开放阅读框804 bp,编码267个氨基酸,同源比对发现OfPDP1 C-末端与其它昆虫PAR bZIP(basic leucine zipper)转录因子非常相似,含有3个高度保守的结构域,系统发育分析的分类结果与生物学上物种分类相吻合。qPCR结果显示Ofpdp1的mRNA表达量在卵发育76 h左右存在显著的表达高峰。在亚洲玉米螟原胚期,注射Ofpdp1的双链RNA(dsRNA)48 h后,Ofpdp1 mRNA表达量被沉默了71%。[结论]成功地从亚洲玉米螟中克隆得到Ofpdp1,Ofpdp1进化非常保守,属于PAR bZIP亚家族;Ofpdp1可能在幼虫定型时期胚胎生理结构的变化过程中起到重要作用。%[Objective]The objectives of this study are to clone pdp1 (protease-activated receptor-domain protein1 gene) which named Ofpdp1 (GenBank accession number:KC857457) from the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée), and to identify its typical hallmarks, then to analyze the mRNA expression characteristics and physiological function of Ofpdp1. It will provide potential target gene for genetic control of O. furnacalis.[Method]The cDNA sequence of Ofpdp1 was isolated using RT-PCR and PCR methods. Based on the sequencing results, the bioinformatics analysis of nucleic acid and putative amino

  14. Democratization and Political Change as Threats to Collective Sentiments: Testing Durkheim in Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pridemore, William Alex; Kim, Sang-Weon

    2006-05-01

    Durkheim argued that acute political crises result in increased homicide rates because they pose a threat to sentiments about the collective. Though crucial to Durkheim's work on homicide, this idea remains untested. The authors took advantage of the natural experiment of the collapse of the Soviet Union to examine this hypothesis. Using data from Russian regions (N = 78) and controlling for measures of anomie and other covariates, the authors estimated the association between political change and change in homicide rates between 1991 and 2000. Results indicated that regions exhibiting less support for the Communist Party in 2000 (and thus greater change in political ideals because the Party had previously exercised complete control) were regions with greater increases in homicide rates. Thus, while democratization may be a positive development relative to the Communist juggernaut of the past, it appears that the swift political change in Russia is partially responsible for the higher rates of violence there following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

  15. Minority representation in a semi-democratic regime: the Georgian case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zollinger, Daniel; Bochsler, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Guinea, Tanzania, Gabon, Kenya, Mauritania, and Congo (Brazzaville). This article highlights the impact of the electoral system and the importance of political plurality and electoral district design in such contexts. The article argues that the interests of minorities are best protected if they can......This article suggests that in most semi-democracies, the same solution might not be that favourable to minorities. Many semi-democratic countries either restrict party competition or limit parties of ethnic minorities, including: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirgistan, Cameron, Equatorial...... elect their representatives in small, ethnically homogeneous electoral districts. Plurality or majority voting systems offer minorities the possibility to run with independent candidates. The case study in this article elections to municipal councils in Georgia in 2006 under a mixed electoral system...

  16. Democratic Bodies: Exemplary Practice and Democratic Education in a K-5 Dance Residency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, Alison E.

    2014-01-01

    This research highlights a K-5 dance artist-in-residence as a form of democratic and exemplary dance education that ignited collaboration, promoted equity, fostered student autonomy, and demonstrated rigor in school curriculum. Through examining observation, interview, and performance-based data and calling upon critical, democratic education…

  17. Democratic Bodies: Exemplary Practice and Democratic Education in a K-5 Dance Residency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, Alison E.

    2014-01-01

    This research highlights a K-5 dance artist-in-residence as a form of democratic and exemplary dance education that ignited collaboration, promoted equity, fostered student autonomy, and demonstrated rigor in school curriculum. Through examining observation, interview, and performance-based data and calling upon critical, democratic education…

  18. PARTY CONTROL BODIES AS A TOOL AGAINST OPPOSITION IN MOSCOW 1920S

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Sannikov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the features of the factional struggle within the Communist Party in the 1920s. The author emphasizes the role of the supervisory bodies of the RCP (b - VKP (b in countering internal party oppositions as the all-Union, and at the regional level (in Moscow. Main attention is paid to the study of the activities of supervisory bodies at the regional level - the Moscow provincial party organization. The author notes that the expression of anti-bureaucratic sentiment within the highest echelons of the party and state leadership becomes intraparty opposition. Supporters of opposition leader offered to fight the bureaucracy to replace the anti-democratic practices elected leaders. The ideas of the opposition led by L.D. Trotsky went against the dictatorial line I.V. Stalin, who sought to solve everything himself, and therefore rejected by the Party Central Committee. By November 1927 the Trotskyist opposition had to quit the political stage. As a consequence, the political struggle with the opposition naturally led to regular purges of the party. Communication with the left opposition was considered dangerous for executives, and for ordinary members of the party. Check for loyalty were even nomenclature cadres of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b. This fact indicates that even among the ruling strata were those whom the Party control agencies suspected of having links with the opposition. In the case of establishing the facts of the opposition activity, the CCC to act radically. The most active members of the Moscow Committee of the RCP (b is not only expressed his full confidence in the Central Committee of Communist Party policy (b, and endorsed his line on the prohibition of factions within the party The author concludes systematically tightened methods of political struggle. The bodies of the Party Control showed that the Communist Party can not coexist and that the two factions of the party control mechanism works very

  19. Ku Klux Klan activism in the 1960s is linked to the South’s swing to the Republican Party

    OpenAIRE

    McVeigh, Rory

    2014-01-01

    After the midterm elections, the Democratic Party is now very nearly unrepresented in the Southern states of the U.S., the culmination of a political realignment that began in the 1960s. In new research, Rory McVeigh finds that those counties that experienced greater levels of activism by the racist Ku Klux Klan experienced a five percent greater swing to the Republican Party. He argues that these results show that social movement activism can be effective in bringing about change, as people’...

  20. Nephrotoxicity of recreational party drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berney-Meyer, Linda; Putt, Tracey; Schollum, John; Walker, Robert

    2012-02-01

    N-benzylpiperazine (BZP) is the active ingredient in recreational 'party' pills with a stimulant, euphoric mechanism of action akin to that of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or ecstasy). Many people (ab)use BZP-based party pills usually without any significant toxic effects. However, nephrotoxicity secondary to hyperthermia and rhabdomyolysis has been reported. Another serious renal-related side-effect is hyponatraemia with acute cerebral oedema. There is also evidence that these agents may have a specific toxic effect producing acute kidney injury. Thus, acute kidney injury either direct or secondary to the effects of BZP or MDMA need to be considered when any individual presents with symptoms of a recreational party drug overdose.

  1. 蝗虫节律基因pdp的克隆及功能分析%Clone and Functional Analysis of Circadian Gene pdp in Locusta migratoria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宇辉; 陈光

    2011-01-01

    [目的]研究不同条件下蝗虫(Locusta migratoria)节律基因Pdp( Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase)的mRNA表达水平,进一步揭示蝗虫节律的分子机制.[方法]通过中国科学院动物研究所内的转录组数据库中找出pdp基因的原型来设计引物,以群居型东亚飞蝗的头部的反转录cDNA为模板,克隆出pdp基因的全序列.把一天24h等分成8个点,进行定时取样,以qRT-PCR技术进行不同时段pdp基因表达量的测定;并在不同处理条件下.测定pdp基因的表达量.[结果]节律基因pdp在蝗虫的不同处理条件下变化不大.[结论]该研究对了解飞蝗节律规律、种群特点及有效防虫具有重要的现实意义.%[Objective]Through studying mRNA expression levels of circadian gene pdp in Locusta migratoria under different conditions to reveal molecular mechanisms of rhythm of Locusta migratoria. [ Methods ] Based on the database of Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, to find out the prototype of the pdp gene and design primers. Using aggregated locust head cDNA cloning for templates, the complete sequence of the gene pdp was got. By dividing a day (24 hours)into eight points, we take fixed-point samples, and then measure the gene expression using qRT-PCR for different times of day. And then in different processing conditions, the pdp gene expression levels were determined. [ Results ] The rhythms of gene pdp locust changed slightly under different conditions. [ Conclusion ] The study had extremely realistic significance for understanding the rhythm and population characteristics of Locusta migratoria as well as effective insect-resistant.

  2. Tracing Eurosceptic Party Networks via Hyperlink Network Analysis and #FAIL!ng: Can Web Crawlers Keep up with Web Design?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bossetta Jr, Michael Joseph; Dutceac Segesten, Anamaria

    ) Joint Sessions. While attempting to visually map the online hyperlink network of the Sweden Democrats, a Swedish far-right Eurosceptic party, we found the Issuecrawler’s inability to read JavaScript a critical limitation to our study. Knowing that other scholars from a range of disciplines are currently...... programming languages? Or, is its inability to read JavaScript (a limitation shared by all current web crawling software) a reason to fundamentally question its utility as a digital method?...

  3. When Parties become Racialized: Deconstructing Racially Themed Parties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Gina A.; Johnston, Marc P.; Garibay, Juan C.; Herrera, Felisha A.; Giraldo, Luis G.

    2011-01-01

    Racially themed parties are all-too-common occurrences on college campuses. Using critical race theory as a lens, this article provides a contemporary overview of these events and deconstructs these incidents as examples of overt forms of racism often emanating from subtle, everyday occurrences of covert racism or racial microaggressions.…

  4. Bewitched - The Tea Party Movement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashbee, Edward

    2011-01-01

    This article considers the development of the Tea Party movement, the character of its thinking and the nature of the interests and constituencies to which it is tied. The article suggests that despite the importance of ideas and interests, and the process of interaction between them, the movement....... The political friction that this creates has contributed to the anger that has characterised the movement. While the Tea Party movement may, as such, have only an ephemeral existence, independent conservatives are likely to remain a significant and potent constituency and will, within the institutional...

  5. Public Funding of Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortuno-Ortin, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    This paper concerns public funding of parties. Parteis receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns. Two cases are investigated. In the first, some voters are policy motivated and some are ?impressionable? ? their vote depends directly on campaign...... expenditures. In the second, campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increase policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larger, the more funding depends on vote shares. When campaigns are informative, there may be multiple euqilibria. Intuitively, a large party can...... stay large since it receives large funds...

  6. Public Funding of Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortuno-Ortin, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    expenditures. In the second, campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increase policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larger, the more funding depends on vote shares. When campaigns are informative, there may be multiple euqilibria. Intuitively, a large party can......This paper concerns public funding of parties. Parteis receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns. Two cases are investigated. In the first, some voters are policy motivated and some are ?impressionable? ? their vote depends directly on campaign...

  7. Liberalist Variation in Taiwan: Four Democratization Orientations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-jen Wang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I analyse how Taiwanese liberalist scholars have discursively and operationally shaped the meanings of Taiwanese democratization via a mix of liberal values and nationalist concerns. I will argue that a valid understanding of democratization in Taiwan has never emerged in a way that adequately responds to a liberalist perspective of the country’s ongoing political development. Instead, such an understanding has been subjectively influenced by liberal intellectuals writing on the subject. In other words, current discourses in Taiwan represent efforts on the part of scholars to manage connections between liberalist values and nationalist concerns rather than shared views regarding facts emerging from Taiwanese democratization. In this paper I discuss four types of liberalist orientations to Taiwanese democratization – universal, moderate, pragmatic and nationalist – in the contexts of national-identity constraints, a balance between liberal values and national identity, and flexibility regarding liberalist and nationalist concerns. I conclude that democratization research in Taiwan reflects an aspect of knowledge production formulated by the relationship between the researcher and the subject under study.

  8. Democracy Concepts of the Fundamentalist Parties of Algeria and Tunisia — Claim and Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khadija Katja Wöhler-Khalfallah

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses democratic elements in early Islamic sources and in the programs of the Algerian FIS (Front Islamique du Salut and ANNAHDA in Tunesia. According to historic writings, Islam includes the principles of democratic consensus, consultation, and freedom of opinion, and an understand- ing that the sources of Islamic jurisdiction are subject to interpretation, that the sharia can be changed, and that religious authorities’ power to issue in- structions on worldly matters is limited. These are the type of expectations that fundamentalist parties arouse when they speak of an Islamic caliphate as a state system. Against this background, an examination of the political system proposed until 1992 by the Algerian FIS shows that this system would have resulted in a very restrictive form of Islam. An investigation of the political system of the Tunisian fundamentalist leader Rached al-Ghannouchi reveals that the system he proposes may be designated as an Islamic democracy, since it takes into account separation of powers and pluralism of po- litical parties. The head of state would be subject to the law in the same manner as the people. However, it is no liberal democracy, as he categorically rejects secularism, intends to punish apostates, and is only willing to allow political parties that are based on the religion of Islam. His state would only be a state of those citizens who follow Islam, completely neglecting secularist groups. Social conflicts and unrest are thus predetermined.

  9. LEGAL ISSUES AND REGULATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN LITHUANIA DURING THE INTER-WAR YEARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Ivanauskaitė

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The research discusses the compounds of social – political parties, their development and legal regulation. Design/methodology/approach – The research is based on qualitative research, which helps to identify and define the problems of legal regulation of political parties. Method of data and documents analysis, content analysis, and historical method are used. Findings – The research tries to avoid considerations of political issues, but legal and historical issues are discussed. It concentrates on the general legal principles of the formation of political parties and associations and their changes. It considers the development of party system regulation and studies the practical problems of legal and factual reality mismatches. In order to carry out a comprehensive scientific study the existing de jure legal framework and the consequent de facto reality is reviewed. The research proves not only that there were some differences between existed legal framework and de facto reality. Also, it defines the requirements to the general principles of regulation of political parties and determines correspondence of existing legal regulation to basic democratic standards. Research limitations/implications – Documents are the most important form of available data. Documents can contain data recorded in monographs, journals, magazines, articles, acts, judgments, official documents etc. Documents can also make up part of records maintained by various individuals and institutions such as libraries, archives, the police etc. The existing judgments, reports and circular notes of Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania, the Ministry of Interiors Affairs, chiefs of staff of districts and police are scientifically significant. However, it should be noted that not all documents have been maintained. Practical implications – The research pays attention to the changes of legal regulation of political parties and its dependence on regime. Moreover

  10. CONTRIBUTION OF INDONESIAN DEMOCRATIC TO ISLAMIC EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erni Haryanti

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show up the reason that Indonesian democratic can give contribution to developing of Islamic education theory, in order to responds of contemporary issues. To achieve of the purpose, this paper was discussing a number of democratic theory and Islamic education contemporary literature with holding a dialogue to Indonesian culture background. Recently, Islamic education theory and practice has undergone some transformations, in its system, curriculum, and institutions. One of the trigger was a demand to implementing a conception of democracy in Islamic education praxis. In Indonesia it was adopted from Pancasila, exactly the Bhineka Tunggal Ika slogan. To realized of that, Indonesian Islamic education institution like madrassa, since 1980s was combined between curriculum Indonesia national and Islamic education. It is be a sign that Indonesian democracy can be an alternative to developing a theory of democratic Islamic education.

  11. Left Realism and Social Democratic Renewal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell Hogg

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available At its inception Left Realism argued the need to develop a radical social democratic approach to crime. I argue that its contribution and continuing relevance primarily lies in this political project, the need for which has not dissipated. But this can only be advanced as an integral component of a more general renewal of social democratic ideas and politics that challenges the hegemony of neo-liberalism. This is far from guaranteed. The possibilities and challenges after the global financial crisis are considered. I argue for a rethinking of some core themes from early Left Realism to (as I see it better complement the task of social democratic renewal in the present.

  12. Adult education for democratic citizenship in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella

    2009-01-01

    " of the lifelong learning strategy. Accordingly, civic competence, which "equips individuals to fully participate in civic life", has been identified by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2006: 17) as a key competence to be given priority in all member states in the years to come...... from education to learning for democratic citizenship within the European discourse, the emphasis on lifelong learning and the consequent equal recognition of in-school and out-of-school learning activities, most empirical research in the field of education for democratic citizenship remains primarily...... concerned with school-aged pupils. When available, research which focuses on the links between adult education and learning for democratic citizenship is highly theoretical and rarely supported by empirical evidence....

  13. Democratic Learning Processes: Conceptual and Historical Challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ann-Dorte; Rasmussen, Palle

    2009-01-01

    of the article outlines the authors' understanding of the core concepts involved. In the second part these conceptual discussions are related to two themes: the question of public adaptation of historical experiences in connection with the German reunification and the learning perspectives related to women......In this article democratic learning is conceptualised with inspiration from two academic traditions, one being the conceptions of citizenship, political identities and deliberative democracy in political sociology; the other theories and research on social and lifelong learning. The first part......'s empowerment and inclusion in the Danish democratic model. On the background of these two analyses the authors finally discuss some current democratic problems with integrating the diversity represented by ethnic minority groups. The discussion emphasizes the learning theory perspective on the initiative...

  14. Podemos som postkrise-parti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2015-01-01

    Podemos er et nyt politisk parti i Spanien, stiftet efter finanskrisen. Partiet har allerede opnået stor tilslutning og forventes at komme til at spille en rolle i spansk politik efter det nationale valg i efteråret 2015. Podemos repræsenterer en ny type venstrefløjsparti med tætte relationer til...

  15. YOUNG CITY,BIG PARTY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Shenzhen Universiade unites the world’s young people through sports with none of the usual hoop-la, no fireworks, no grand performances by celebrities and superstars, the Shenzhen Summer Universiade lowered the curtain on a big party for youth and college students on August 23.

  16. Which Party Gets the Mayoralty?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjæveland, Asbjørn; Serritzlew, Søren

    2010-01-01

    In non-presidential multiparty systems, it is not only the voters but also coalition formation after the election that decides the government of the community. Some national-level studies investigate which parties are most likely to win the Prime Minister's office. The aim of this article...

  17. Which Party Gets the Mayoralty?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjæveland, Asbjørn; Serritzlew, Søren

    2010-01-01

    In non-presidential multiparty systems, it is not only the voters but also coalition formation after the election that decides the government of the community. Some national-level studies investigate which parties are most likely to win the Prime Minister's office. The aim of this article...

  18. [Ketamine as a party drug

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vroegop, M.P.; Dongen, R.T.M. van; Troyen, B. van; Kramers, C.

    2007-01-01

    Ketamine is a new party drug, which is easy to obtain. For this reason, it is possible that physicians will be increasingly confronted with users that have medical problems. Relatively few cases of ketamine intoxication with a fatal outcome have been reported thus far. Ketamine is very

  19. [Ketamine as a party drug

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vroegop, M.P.; Dongen, R.T.M. van; Troyen, B. van; Kramers, C.

    2007-01-01

    Ketamine is a new party drug, which is easy to obtain. For this reason, it is possible that physicians will be increasingly confronted with users that have medical problems. Relatively few cases of ketamine intoxication with a fatal outcome have been reported thus far. Ketamine is very hallucinogeni

  20. Population policy: major party positions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betts, K

    1998-01-01

    This article identifies the major political party positions on population policy (PP) in Australia. Australia has the Governing Coalition, comprised of the Liberal and National Parties, and the Australian Labor Party (ALP), the main opposition party. The ALP adopted a PP at its national conference in 1998. The Government Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (DIMA) does not view a PP as a need. The ALP policy identifies the need to decide on a long term sustainable population size as determined within a PP framework. The visa classification system needs to reflect national priorities. Labor will support a fair refugee and humanitarian program. Skilled labor migration must be linked with labor market needs. Business migration is a means of transferring resources and technology to Australia. The DIMA Minister announced the target intake of 80,000 visa immigrants in 1998- 99, which would produce a peak population of about 23 million in 2050. Settler arrivals from New Zealand would increase population size. A group of scientists and scholars published their recommendations about development of a PP. The Minister of DIMA's defense of the lack of a PP is included in this publication. Labor in several publications indicates support for a larger immigration intake, or an adjustment of the intake within the existing numbers. The Prime Minister, who supports the concept of multiculturalism, argues that people must accept immigration policy. Politics today are more divided over the origin and future of the nation than population size issues.

  1. The Influence of Democratic Legitimacy on Outcomes in Governance Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E-H. Klijn (Erik-Hans); J. Edelenbos (Jurian)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Drawing on different theories of democracy, this article distinguishes three dimensions of democratic legitimacy: political accountability, voice, and due deliberation. The article operationalizes each form of democratic legitimacy and then looks at how these various fo

  2. Modulation of immunity and gut microbiota after dietary administration of alginate encapsulated Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 to gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordero, Héctor; Guardiola, Francisco A; Tapia-Paniagua, Silvana Teresa; Cuesta, Alberto; Meseguer, José; Balebona, M Carmen; Moriñigo, M Ángel; Esteban, M Ángeles

    2015-08-01

    The potential benefits of probiotics when administering to fish could improve aquaculture production. The objective of this study was to examine the modulation of immune status and gut microbiota of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) specimens by a probiotic when administered encapsulated. Commercial diet was enriched with Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 (SpPdp11, at a concentration of 10(8) cfu g(-1)) before being encapsulated in calcium alginate beads. Fish were fed non-supplemented (control) or supplemented diet for 4 weeks. After 1, 2 and 4 weeks the main humoral and cellular immune parameters were determined. Furthermore, gene expression profile of five immune relevant genes (il1β, bd, mhcIIα, ighm and tcrβ) was studied by qPCR in head kidney. On the other hand, intestinal microbiota of fish was analysed at 7 and 30 days by DGGE. Results demonstrated that administration of alginate encapsulated SpPdp11 has immunostimulant properties on humoral parameters (IgM level and serum peroxidase activity). Although no immunostimulant effects were detected on leucocyte activities, significant increases were detected in the level of mRNA of head-kidney leucocytes for mhcIIα and tcrβ after 4 weeks of feeding the encapsulated-probiotic diet. The administration of SpPdp11 encapsulated in alginate beads produced important changes in the DGGE patterns corresponding to the intestinal microbiota. Predominant bands related to lactic acid bacteria, such as Lactococcus and Lactobacillus strains, were sequenced from the DGGE patterns of fish fed the probiotic diet, whereas they were not sequenced from fish receiving the control diet. The convenience or not of probiotic encapsulation is discussed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Democratic design experiments: between parliament and laboratory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Binder, Thomas; Brandt, Eva; Ehn, Pelle;

    2015-01-01

    been performed and accomplished in participatory practices. In this article we discuss how participatory design may be reinvigorated as a design research programme for democratic design experiments in the light of the de-centring of human-centredness and the foregrounding of collaborative......For more than four decades participatory design has provided exemplars and concepts for understanding the democratic potential of design participation. Despite important impacts on design methodology participatory design has however been stuck in a marginal position as it has wrestled with what has...

  4. Black hole collapse and democratic models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, Aron; Magán, Javier M.

    2016-11-01

    We study the evolution of black hole entropy and temperature in collapse scenarios in asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetime, finding three generic lessons. First, entropy evolution is extensive. Second, at large times, entropy and temperature ring with twice the frequency of the lowest quasinormal mode. Third, the entropy oscillations saturate black hole area theorems in general relativity. The first two features are characteristic of entanglement dynamics in "democratic" models. Solely based on general relativity and the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formula, our results point to democratic models as microscopic theories of black holes. The third feature can be taken as a prediction for microscopic models of black hole physics.

  5. The Democratic Potential of Theatre Talks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Louise Ejgod

    2014-01-01

    of democratization of culture and the democracy theory by James S. Fishkin. The analysis is based on the empirical material of 31 theatre talks carried through as a part of an audience development project and is focused on four different aspects of the democratic potential of theatre: First, how the theatre talks...... approach to a target-oriented approach to audience development in which the content of the performance should be matched with certain audience segments. And fourth, the article points to an outcome of the experience related to the challenging of one own view point and thus expanding ones horizon....

  6. Democratic transition and foreign direct investment: Transition process matters

    OpenAIRE

    Derbali, Ahmed; Trabelsi Masmoudi, Lilia; Zitouna, Habib

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides evidence on the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and democratic transition. We propose first an econometric analysis of the determinants of the democratization process through a "probit" model. We consider a sample of 173 countries, with 44 that have experienced a democratic transition over the period 1980-2010. Our results reveal that variables related to human development and individual freedom facilitate the initiation of the democratic process in co...

  7. Muslim Politics in Malaysia and the Democratization Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Thaib

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article will address the Muslim politics in Malaysia in the light of the broader shifts towards democratization and Islamization by focusing on politics among the majority ethnic Malay community, followed an overview of the ideological rivalry between UMNO and PAS, with special reference to the electoral performances of these parties in the past three general elections (November 1999, March 2004 and March 2008 . It then explores the underlying reason for the perceived importance of Islam in understanding the voting trend among the Malay-Muslim electorate which raised the question to what extent was the discourse on Islam instrumental in persuading the Malays to switch their support from PAS to the UMNO during the 2004 elections, and in the process of continued participation as an ‘Islamic Party’ in Malaysian mainstream politics what factors were that encouraged the PAS leaders to compromises and to play by the ‘rule of democracy’. In the concluding part of the article the writer also provide with an overview on reform agenda of Civilizational Islam (Islam Hadhari under premiership of Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and the current Malaysia’s Transformation Programme (GTP under the leadership of Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak.

  8. Twitter Language Use Reflects Psychological Differences between Democrats and Republicans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina Sylwester

    Full Text Available Previous research has shown that political leanings correlate with various psychological factors. While surveys and experiments provide a rich source of information for political psychology, data from social networks can offer more naturalistic and robust material for analysis. This research investigates psychological differences between individuals of different political orientations on a social networking platform, Twitter. Based on previous findings, we hypothesized that the language used by liberals emphasizes their perception of uniqueness, contains more swear words, more anxiety-related words and more feeling-related words than conservatives' language. Conversely, we predicted that the language of conservatives emphasizes group membership and contains more references to achievement and religion than liberals' language. We analysed Twitter timelines of 5,373 followers of three Twitter accounts of the American Democratic and 5,386 followers of three accounts of the Republican parties' Congressional Organizations. The results support most of the predictions and previous findings, confirming that Twitter behaviour offers valid insights to offline behaviour.

  9. Intermediate Conditions of Democratic Accountability: A Response to Electoral Skepticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. S. Maloy

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Attempts to respond to “democratic deficits” in modern constitutional republics must contend with the broad scholarly trend of electoral skepticism. While generally casting doubt on periodic competitive elections’ suitability as vehicles of accountability, electoral skepticism does not necessarily entail an absolute devaluation of elections. Some normative and empirical research responds to this trend by refocusing attention on values other than popular power, such as civil peace, which might be served by periodic competitive elections. Another response short of abandoning the value of popular power, however, is to draw out possibilities for institutional design from the restricted conditions under which previous study has found electoral accountability to be plausible or likely. This second task requires an empirically informed exercise in political theory. Pursuing it in a programmatic and policy-relevant way requires descending from the grand, systemic level of constitutional structures and electoral formulae to intermediate (or middle-range institutional conditions of accountability, such as rules about parties, campaigns, and election administration. My analysis reinterprets principal-agent models to develop four general types of crucial condition for electoral accountability, and then ramifies this scheme by reference to recent empirical research. The result is a “top ten” list of specific institutional factors that could be theoretically decisive in helping or hindering electoral accountability. These ten conditions could guide future research designs and reform proposals alike.

  10. The Thoughts, Rules, Spirit and Inner-party Democracy--Scientific construction of inner-party democracy through the constitution of the party%思想、规章、精神与党内民主--通过党章考察党内民主建设的科学化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周福振

    2014-01-01

    党内民主是党的生命,主要包括三个层次:一是民主的思想或意识;二是民主的制度或体制;三是民主的精神或生活习惯。这三个层次是一个相互促进、往复循环、不断提高的过程。党章是党的总章程和总规矩,对党内民主进行了许多原则性、系统性的制度规定,有利地推动了党内民主建设的科学化。但是,有些制度在实践中不能得到很好地贯彻和落实,其中一个重要原因在于作为党内民主主体的党员还没有将党章规定的民主制度内化为党员的民主精神或生活习惯。%Inner-party democracy is the life of the party, and Mainly includes three levels. One level is the democratic thought or consciousness. Second level is the democratic system or system. Three level is the spirit of democracy or living habits. Three levels are the process of mutual promotion, reciprocating cycle, and continuously improvement. The constitution of the party is the general charter and the general rules of the party, make many principle and systematic regulations, and effectively promoted the scientific construction of inner-party democracy. However, some systems have not been well implemented in practice. One of the important reasons is that the party members as the main body of the inner-party democracy do not take the democratic system as democratic spirit or living habit.

  11. Synthesis and property of polymer nanospheres with Pd/P4VP shells via surface RAFT polymerization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available A reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT agent with carbazole as Z-group was immobilized on the surfaces of the cross-linked poly (4-vinylbenzyl chloride-co-styrene (PVBCS nanospheres with a diameter of about 70 nm by the reaction of benzyl chloride groups in the PVBCS between carbazole and carbon sulfide. Then surface RAFT polymerization of 4-vinylpyridine (4VP was used to modify the nanospheres to produce a well-defined and covalently tethered P4VP shell. By surface activation in a PdCl2 solution and then reduction by hydrazine hydrate (N2H4•H2O, the P4VP composite shells were obtained containing densely palladium metal nanoparticles. The chemical composition of the nanosphere surfaces at various stages of the surface modification was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM was used to characterize the morphology of the hybrid nanospheres. The Pd/P4VP shell nanospheres were also applied to the catalytic reaction and proved to be efficient and reusable for the Heck reaction.

  12. Population Dynamics P system (PDP) models: a standardized protocol for describing and applying novel bio-inspired computing tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colomer, Maria Àngels; Margalida, Antoni; Pérez-Jiménez, Mario J

    2013-01-01

    Today, the volume of data and knowledge of processes necessitates more complex models that integrate all available information. This handicap has been solved thanks to the technological advances in both software and hardware. Computational tools available today have allowed developing a new family of models, known as computational models. The description of these models is difficult as they can not be expressed analytically, and it is therefore necessary to create protocols that serve as guidelines for future users. The Population Dynamics P systems models (PDP) are a novel and effective computational tool to model complex problems, are characterized by the ability to work in parallel (simultaneously interrelating different processes), are modular and have a high computational efficiency. However, the difficulty of describing these models therefore requires a protocol to unify the presentation and the steps to follow. We use two case studies to demonstrate the use and implementation of these computational models for population dynamics and ecological process studies, discussing briefly their potential applicability to simulate complex ecosystem dynamics.

  13. Chen Yun' s Thinking on Carrying Forward Intra-Party Democracy Is of Great Value of Our time%陈云党内民主建设思想及其当代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房正宏

    2012-01-01

    As an important member of the first and second generations of central collective leadership of the CPC, Chen Yun made contributions to Party building in both theories and practice .His thinking on carrying forward in- tra-Party democracy involves the system of intra- Party democratic activities, democratic centralism, democratization and scientization of policy making within the Party, relationship between democracy and legal systems, and expanding intra-Party democracy to develop people' s democracy. This thinking of his still has great value in the present period. Therefore, it is a must to further improve intra-Party democratic centralism, strengthen legal systems to guarantee democracy, constantly strengthen intra-Party supervision, and expand intra-Party democracy to develop and promote people' s democracy.%作为第一代、第二代中央领导集体的重要成员,陈云对党的建设从理论到实践都有重大建树。其党内民主建设思想涉及党内民主生活制度、民主集中制建设、党内决策的民主化和科学化、民主和法制的关系、发扬党内民主以带动人民民主等诸多方面。陈云的党内民主建设思想在现阶段仍然具有显明的价值:必须进一步完善党内民主集中制;加强法制建设以保障民主,不断加强党内监督;以发展党内民主带动和推进人民民主。

  14. Adolescents' Democratic Engagement. A Qualitative Study into Dutch Adolescents' Narratives about their Citizenship in a Democratic and Pluralist Society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groot, I. de

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation reported a narrative inquiry into a normative phenomenon: thick democratic engagement. We investigated the lived citizenship of students, developed a thick concept of democracy, discussed limitations of existing concepts of democracy and democratic citizenship in research on democr

  15. Saving Democratic Education from Itself: Why We Need Homeschooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glanzer, Perry L.

    2013-01-01

    We need homeschooling to save education in a liberal democracy from taking a religious form--what I call Democratic Education. Democratic Education emerges when the democratic identity and narrative become elevated to the highest priority when thinking about educating human beings. This elevation becomes particularly dangerous when other…

  16. The Promotion of Democratic Behavior and the Role of Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Muhammad Saqib; Khan, Irfanullah; Khan, Ahmad Ali; Jan, Farooq; Ahmad, Riaz; Rauf, Hamid

    2015-01-01

    This study is conducted to measure the influence of social media over the democratic behavior of the students. Social media is the main component of political participation in democratic societies and the study of democratic behavior is a highly specialized sub-field in political and social science. The study was concerned with the reasons that to…

  17. Adolescents' Perceptions of the Democratic Functioning in their Families

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stattin, H.; Persson, S.; Burk, W.J.; Kerr, M.

    2011-01-01

    Democratic family functioning has traditionally been interpreted as effects of parenting, leaving little room for the adolescent in shaping the democratic climate. Here we argued that an understanding of the democratic family functioning has to involve both adolescent and parental behaviors. We hypo

  18. Party rules, party resources and the politics of parliamentary democracies: How parties organize in the 21st century

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poguntke, Thomas; Scarrow, Susan; Webb, Paul;

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces the first findings of the Political Party Database Project, a major survey of party organizations in parliamentary and semi-presidential democracies. The project’s first round of data covers 122 parties in 19 countries. In this article, we describe the scope of the database...

  19. Why Political Parties Colonize the Media in Indonesia: An Exploration of Mediatization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Thaufan Arifuddin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Mediatization has become more relevant in exploring relations between media and politics in post-Suharto Indonesia. However, the media's roles as the fourth estate of democracy has been hijacked by wealthy politicians and political parties. As a result, most mainstream media have failed to enhance public dabates democratically. Based on existing mediatization literature, politico-economy analysis, and data collected through extensive in-depth interviews and relevant documents in the 2013-2015 period, this article theoretically aims to develop the mediatization concept and explore the degree of mediatization of politics in contemporary Indonesia.

  20. Democracy in Brazil: presidentialism, party coalitions and the decision making process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Limongi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available There is no reason to treat the Brazilian political system as singular. Coalitions obey and are governed by party principles. The president, whose institutional power was enhanced by the 1988 Constitution, has a monopoly over legislative initiative, which approximates the Brazilian system to the European parliamentary democracies. Even though it is based upon empirical data, this essay formulates theoretical problems, such as the importance of institutional choices and how these impact on relations between the majority and minority in democratic governments.

  1. How democratic innovations realise democratic goods. Two case studies of area committees in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mattijssen, T.; Behagel, J.H.; Buijs, A.E.

    2015-01-01

    Participatory planning is becoming increasingly integral to governance. Numerous planning innovations are developed which aim to increase democratic legitimacy and improve decision making. This paper critically reflects on a typical Dutch innovation: the area committee. Based on two individual case

  2. Joe Zhang, Party Man, Company Man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2014-01-01

    Book review of: Joe Zhang: Party Man, Company Man. Honolulu: Enrich Professional Publishing, 2014. 234 pp.......Book review of: Joe Zhang: Party Man, Company Man. Honolulu: Enrich Professional Publishing, 2014. 234 pp....

  3. 蝗虫节律基因pdp的克隆和功能分析%Cloning and Functional Analysis of Circadian Gene pdp in Locusta migratoria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宇刚; 郭宇辉; 陈光

    2011-01-01

    [目的]研究不同条件下蝗虫(Locusta migratoria)节律基因pdp(Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase)的mRNA表达水平,进一步揭示蝗虫节律的分子机制。[方法]通过中国科学院动物研究所内的转录组数据库中找出pdp基因的原型来设计引物,以群居型东亚飞蝗的头部的反转录cDNA为模板,克隆出pdp基因的全序列。把一天24小时等分成八个点,进行定时取样,以qRT-PCR技术进行不同时段pdp基因表达量的测定;并在不同处理条件下,测定pdp基因的表达量。[结果]节律基因pdp在蝗虫的不同处理条件下变化不大。[结论]该研究对了解飞蝗节律规律﹑种族特点及有效防虫具有重要的现实意义。%[Objective] Through studying mRNA expression levels of circadian gene pdp(Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase) in Locusta migratoria under different conditions to reveal molecular mechanisms of rhythm of Locusta migratoria.[Methods] The prototype of the pdp gene and design primers were found out based on the database of Institute of Zoology,Chinese Academy of Sciences.Using aggregated locust head cDNA as templates,the complete sequence of the gene pdp was obtained.By dividing a day(24 hours) into eight points,fixed-point samples were taken,and the pdp gene expression levels at different time periods were determined by using qRT-PCR;and the pdp gene expression levels with different treatment were also determined.[Results] The circadian gene pdp in Locusta migratoria changed slightly with different treatment.[Conclusion] The study had extremely realistic significance for understanding the rhythm and population characteristics of Locusta migratoria as well as effective insect-resistant.

  4. Teaching Democratic Values in the Public Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braveman, Marilyn

    The values that are the foundations of the democratic system should be defined, taught, learned, and then put into action in the classroom. The issues associated with teaching values are so complex and controversial that many schools avoid dealing with them. These issues include: (1) teaching about religion; (2) teaching about citizenship and…

  5. Democratizing Evaluation: Meanings and Methods from Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Katherine E.; Johnson, Trav D.

    2000-01-01

    Uses the results of an instrumental case study to identify issues connected to evaluation participation and its representation and the role of the internal evaluator in democratic, deliberative evaluation. Identified direct participation and participation by representation, sanctioned or unsanctioned representation, and extrinsic and intrinsic…

  6. A Critical Ethnography of Democratic Music Listening

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, Marissa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this critical ethnography was to investigate how music educators can approach the development of students' music listening abilities democratically in order to deepen students' musical understandings and, by teaching through music, create pathways for student-teacher transactions that are inclusive, educative, ethical and…

  7. Private Sector Contracting and Democratic Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiMartino, Catherine; Scott, Janelle

    2013-01-01

    Public officials are increasingly contracting with the private sector for a range of educational services. With much of the focus on private sector accountability on cost-effectiveness and student performance, less attention has been given to shifts in democratic accountability. Drawing on data from the state of New York, one of the most active…

  8. Global human rights awareness, education and democratization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mihr, A.

    The 1990s was the era of human rights awareness, democratic transitions, and growing involvement of international organizations and the nongovernmental sector in human rights education (HRE). The UN Decade for HRE from 1995–2004 was not only born out of the initiatives and pressures of

  9. John Dewey's Conundrum: Can Democratic Schools Empower?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shutz, Aaron

    2001-01-01

    Examines John Dewey's vision of and concerns for democratic education, arguing that his approach failed to equip students to act effectively in the world as it was (and still is) and that his model of democracy, while extremely useful, is nonetheless inadequate to serve the varied needs of students living in a diverse and contentious society. (SM)

  10. Art Education and a Democratic Citizenry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegesmund, Richard

    2013-01-01

    The first purpose of Art Education in public schools, articulated in the eighteenth century, was the ability to shape an imaginatively responsible, empathetic, democratic citizenry; this remains an aim for today, which is hard to achieve. This article explores the continuing tension between this original goal and other versions of Art Education,…

  11. The Triple Democratic Deficit in University Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claassen, R.J.G.; Duwell, M.

    2015-01-01

    The recent student and staff protests in Amsterdam and at other Dutch universities have brought to light fundamental disagreements about the future of the Dutch university. Many students and staff members of Dutch universities have argued that the level of democratic decisionmaking about central pol

  12. A Code of Ethics for Democratic Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Ricardo; Klinker, JoAnn Franklin

    2012-01-01

    Democratic leadership rests on sacred values, awareness, judgement, motivation and courage. Four turning points in a 38-year school administrator's career revealed decision-making in problematic moments stemmed from values in a personal and professional code of ethics. Reflection on practice and theory added vocabulary and understanding to make…

  13. A Democratic Framework for Educational Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Anne

    2012-01-01

    Educational theorists frequently invoke rights claims to express their views about educational justice and authority. But the unyielding nature of rights claims presents a significant quandary in democratic contexts, given the tension between rights claims and majoritarian democracy. Educational theorists have given limited attention to this…

  14. Nurturing Democratic Citizenship through Human Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickett, Brent L.; Kleinsasser, Audrey M.

    2016-01-01

    Responding to the increasing sophistication in the arts of deception in the public realm, the authors turn to Goodlad's ideal of democratic citizenship nurtured through human conversation in the classroom and development of critical skills to evaluate the accuracy of arguments.

  15. Democratic learning in the Aalborg Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, Palle

    A democratic learning system can be defined as a system where decisions, processes and behaviour related to learning are established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) between those affected by the decision simultaneously reac...

  16. A Code of Ethics for Democratic Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Ricardo; Klinker, JoAnn Franklin

    2012-01-01

    Democratic leadership rests on sacred values, awareness, judgement, motivation and courage. Four turning points in a 38-year school administrator's career revealed decision-making in problematic moments stemmed from values in a personal and professional code of ethics. Reflection on practice and theory added vocabulary and understanding to make…

  17. Desert, Liberalism and Justice in Democratic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonsson, Olafur Pall

    2012-01-01

    Liberal democratic education, as advocated in recent accounts of citizenship education or civic education, is often seen as incompatible with moral education or character education rooted in specific views regarding the virtues. This contrast relies on well established philosophical differences between liberal views of justice and democracy, on…

  18. The Potential for Deliberative Democratic Civic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Jarrod S.; Howe, Ken

    2011-01-01

    The values of aggregative democracy have dominated much of civic education as its values reflect the realities of the American political system. We argue that deliberative democratic theory better addresses the moral and epistemological demands of democracy when compared to aggregative democracy. It better attends to protecting citizens' autonomy…

  19. Parental Authority and the Democratic Ethic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bashor, Philip S.

    This paper sequentially reviews recent writings in moral philosophy (1970-1975) on topics related to the problem of morally justifying parental authority while adhering to democratic values. The problem is treated theoretically, and practical life problems are not addressed. The review ecompasses the works of some forty writers on the topics of…

  20. Theorizing Democratic Education from a Senian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCesare, Tony

    2014-01-01

    Despite the growing body of literature and general interest in the intersection between the capabilities approach (CA) and education, little work has been done so far to theorize democratic education from a CA perspective. This essay attempts to do so by, first, getting clear about the theory of democracy that has emerged from Amartya Sen's…

  1. Global human rights awareness, education and democratization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mihr, A.

    2009-01-01

    The 1990s was the era of human rights awareness, democratic transitions, and growing involvement of international organizations and the nongovernmental sector in human rights education (HRE). The UN Decade for HRE from 1995–2004 was not only born out of the initiatives and pressures of nongovernment

  2. The Triple Democratic Deficit in University Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claassen, R.J.G.; Duwell, M.

    2015-01-01

    The recent student and staff protests in Amsterdam and at other Dutch universities have brought to light fundamental disagreements about the future of the Dutch university. Many students and staff members of Dutch universities have argued that the level of democratic decisionmaking about central

  3. Creating Better Schools through Democratic School Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Antonio, Diosdado M.

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of implementing democratic school leadership via advisory school councils in Philippine public secondary schools. Through an experiment with empirical surveys and interviews, this study reveals that the experimental group had higher levels of commitment, empowerment and trust compared with the control group after one…

  4. Party System Compactness: Measurement and Consequences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alvarez, R. Michael; Nagler, Jonathan

    2004-01-01

    An important property of any party system is the set of choices it presents to the electorate. In this paper we analyze the distribution of parties relative to voters in the multidimensional issue space and introduce two measures of the dispersion of the parties in the issue space relative to the vo

  5. 毛泽东民主政治思想及其现实启示%MAO Zedong's Thought about Democratic Politics and Its Realistic Reflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴炳林

    2013-01-01

    MAO Zedong's thought about democratic politics mainly includes :the people's democratic dictatorship thought , the inner-party democracy thought and the democratic administration thought .The inspiration of this thought is that the con-struction of socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics must proceed from China's basic national conditions ,we must strengthen the democracy and legal system and promote the people's democracy through inner-party democracy .%毛泽东民主政治思想主要包括人民民主专政思想、党内民主思想和民主执政思想。这一思想的现实启示就在于:建设中国特色社会主义民主政治必须从我国的基本国情出发,防止“西化”;必须加强民主的制度化和法制化;必须以党内民主推动人民民主。

  6. Patronage and party organization in Argentina : the emergence of the patronage-based network party

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scherlis Perel, Gerardo Ezequiel

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation consists of a study of party patronage in Argentina. It attempts to assess the degree to which parties appoint people to public positions, who is in effect responsible for patronage within parties, what motivates parties to appoint in different sectors and at different levels of th

  7. Do Mainstream Parties Adapt to the Welfare Chauvinism of Populist Parties?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schumacher, Gijs; van Kersbergen, Kees

    2016-01-01

    and when mainstream parties ignore, attack or accommodate welfare chauvinism. Using key theories of party behaviour, we test whether mainstream parties (1) respond immediately to populist parties, (2) respond with a time lag, or (3) respond only when they lose elections or are in opposition. Our...

  8. Patronage and party organization in Argentina : the emergence of the patronage-based network party

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scherlis Perel, Gerardo Ezequiel

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation consists of a study of party patronage in Argentina. It attempts to assess the degree to which parties appoint people to public positions, who is in effect responsible for patronage within parties, what motivates parties to appoint in different sectors and at different levels of

  9. Pre-electoral Coalitions, Party System and Electoral Geography: A Decade of General Elections in India (1999–2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyril Robin

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Between 1999 and 2009, since no single party was in a position to lead a majority in the Lok Sabha, pre-electoral coalitions have become the only option for parties to exercise executive power at the Centre. Looking at the trajectory of two pre-electoral coalitions over ten years, namely the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance and the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance, the paper attempts to contribute to the nascent research on pre-electoral coalitions. Much has been written on the importance of disproportionate electoral systems or the ideological distance between parties in the formation of governing coalitions. This paper explores the importance of different geographical bases of support in the composition and sustainability of Indian pre-electoral coalitions, election after election, and proposes preliminary elements for a dynamic theory of pre-electoral coalition formation.

  10. A Week Is a Long Time in Politics: The Health Implications of Jeremy Corbyn's UK Labour Party Leadership Victory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott-Samuel, Alex; Bambra, Clare

    2016-01-01

    For more than 30 years, socialism within the UK Labour Party - which was in government from 1997 to 2010 and is currently the main UK parliamentary opposition - has been in decline. Despite its origins as a party of and for the working class, Labour has become at best a social democratic party with strong neoliberal leanings. However, in the recent leadership election that followed Labour's general election defeat in May 2015, the socialist Jeremy Corbyn confounded all expectations by winning Labour's leadership with a substantial majority. We describe the political context of Corbyn's controversial victory and discuss its potential short- and medium-term impact on England's troubled National Health Service and on the public health.

  11. THE POLITICS OF BENEVOLENCE: Political Patronage of Party-based Charitable Organizations in Contemporary Indonesian Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilman Latief

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The rise of party-based Islamic charities has had a profound impact on the nature of philanthropic activities in contemporary Indonesia, and stimulated a new debate over the issue of the politics of benevolent acts. Over the past few years, in line with the increase of the influence of the Islamic factor in Indonesian politics, there have been a number of political parties which actively engaged with social welfare activities through the newly-established Islamic charitable organizations. The close ties between charitable organizations and political parties may lead to the new patterns of Muslim social and political activism, and to the new forms of political clientelism. This article analyzes the vibrant effort of political parties in sponsoring the inception and operation of Islamic charitable organizations in the post New Order era, and investigates how political clientelism has been established through charity practices. This paper compares the roles of charitable organizations set up by the nationalist and Islamist parties in formulating strategies to promote their political interest. Based on three political parties studied in this article, which are the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS, Golkar Party, and the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P, this paper argues that the practice of charity has become a popular way used by politicians to patronize their constituents, but at the same time, this practice has weakened the Muslim perspective of development and social change.[Munculnya lembaga-lembaga amal yang dikelola oleh partai politik berpengaruh luas terhadap aktifitas filantropi di Indonesia dan memicu perdebatan seputar politik-kedermawanan. Dalam beberapa tahun terakhir, selaras dengan semakin meningkatnya pengaruh Islam dalam lanskap politik Indonesia, partai-partai politik juga berlomba-lomba untuk terlibat aktif dalam aktifitas filantropi dengan mendirikan lembaga amal. Ikatan kuat antara partai politik dan lembaga amal

  12. The Chinese Communist Party in Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik; Yongnian, Zheng

    Contrary to the expectations of many people, China's recent economic growth has not led to the collapse of the Chinese Communist Party. In fact, the party has recently carried out a peaceful and orderly transition to the so-called fourth generation of leadership, has revitalised itself, and created...... social groups, and increasing dissatisfaction among workers who seem to be losing out in the present transition process. "The Chinese Communist Party in Reform" explores the current state of the Chinese Communist Party and the many challenges which it faces. It considers the dynamics of development...... in China, the party organisation, recruitment and management, and the party's role in society more widely. It concludes by examining the prospects for the future of the Party, including whether it will continue to be able to accommodate socio-economic changes within China and pressures from abroad...

  13. Two Party Pseudo Telepathy Games

    CERN Document Server

    Chakrabarty, I

    2006-01-01

    In this work we have introduced two party pseudo telepathy games with respective winning conditions. One cannot win these games deterministically by any kind of classical protocols. Interestingly we find out that in quantum world, these winning conditions can be achieved if the players share an entangled state. We also introduced a game which is impossible to win if the players are form classical world, (both probabilistically and deterministically) yet there exists a perfect quantum strategy by following which, one can attain the winning condition of the game.

  14. Explaining the democratic anchorage of governance networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skelcher, Chris; Klijn, Erik-Hans; Kübler, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Advances in understanding the democratic anchorage of governance networks require carefully designed and contextually grounded empirical analysis that take into account contextual factors. The article uses a conjectural framework to study the impact of the national democratic milieu...... on the relationship between network governance and representative institutions in four European countries: the United Kingdom, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Denmark. The article shows that the distinction between majoritarian and consensus democracy as well as the varying strength of voluntary associations...... are important contextual factors that help explain cross-national differences in the relationship between governance networks and representative institutions. We conclude that a context of weak associationalism in majoritarian democracies facilitates the instrumentalization of networks by government actors...

  15. Democratic Learning Processes: Conceptual and Historical Challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ann-Dorte; Rasmussen, Palle

    2009-01-01

    In this article democratic learning is conceptualised with inspiration from two academic traditions, one being the conceptions of citizenship, political identities and deliberative democracy in political sociology; the other theories and research on social and lifelong learning. The first part of...... to abolish of obligatory native language teaching in the Danish elementary school.......In this article democratic learning is conceptualised with inspiration from two academic traditions, one being the conceptions of citizenship, political identities and deliberative democracy in political sociology; the other theories and research on social and lifelong learning. The first part...... of the article outlines the authors' understanding of the core concepts involved. In the second part these conceptual discussions are related to two themes: the question of public adaptation of historical experiences in connection with the German reunification and the learning perspectives related to women...

  16. Building a Democratic Model of Science Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhadi Ibnu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Earlier in the last century, learning in science, as was learning in other disciplines, was developed according to the philosophy of behaviorism. This did not serve the purposes of learning in science properly, as the students were forced to absorb information transferred from the main and the only source of learning, the teacher. Towards the end of the century a significant shift from behaviorism to constructivism philosophy took place. The shift promoted the development of more democratic models of learning in science which provided greater opportunities to the students to act as real scientist, chattering for the building of knowledge and scientific skills. Considering the characteristics of science and the characteristics of the students as active learners, the shift towards democratic models of learning is unavoidable and is merely a matter of time

  17. Democratic learning in the Aalborg Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, Palle

    reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. In principle the participants must be equal with equal rights and feel committed to the values of rationality and impartiality. The Aalborg Model is an example of a democratic learning system although not 100% democratic....... The influence of the students in relation to their own learning is not extended to e.g. the teaching in courses and the facilitation of the groups might be elitist. But the learning in groups during the project work is in principle learning in a communication community, free and without supremacy. Decisions......, processes and behaviour related to learning can be established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) within the group simultaneously reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. This article...

  18. Democratization and Transitional Justice in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Paula NASCIMENTO ARAUJO

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Brazil experienced a long process of political transition featured by an intense game of political and social forces, in which different actors with different democratization projects clashed. Despite the leadership of the transition process have been in the hands of conservative elites linked to the military dictatorship, broad sectors of the oposition and of the lefts, as well as representants of social movements, disputed the transitional space and expanded the initial design of the regime. This long transition —marked by negotiations, frustrations and resilience— reflected on the transitional justice model adopted by the country. Almost 30 years after the end of military dictatorship, the Truth Commission established by President Dilma Rousseff in 2012, drew attention to issues related to memory, justice and reparation and showed that the democratization process, in some respects, is still incloncluded. This article aims to restore this historical process highlighting some of its characteristics and specificities.

  19. A Mathematical Model of Democratic Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mato Nagel

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Democratic election is the preferred method for determining political administrators nowadays. The intention is to find the best possible leader in order to improve the group's competitiveness and success. Though preferred, democratic election is far from being optimal in this respect, and is increasingly becoming the target for fraud. A model was developed to scientifically analyze the present electoral system's insufficiency. It is based on fauceir assumptions. Its calculations enable principles to be developed that optimize the election process, while also revealing the limits of elections in societies growing ever more complex, so that in the end elections have to be replaced by processes similar to what has proved optimal throughout naturally occurring evolution-natural selection.

  20. Wage Setting in Democratic Labour Unions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filges, Trine

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, we analyse the wage setting of a democratic labour union. The union members differ with respect to their employment probabilities. The union wage only changes if the parameters of the median member change. An exogenous shock to revenue may increase the wage, even if labour demand i...... is iso-elastic and unemployment benefits may have only a small effect on wages if the median member differs from the average. These findings are in accordance with empirical results....

  1. Civil Society and Democratic Governance in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibitoye, M. O.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available It is quite intriguing that fifty-two years after Nigeria attained her nominal independence from her colonial masters and twelve years into her democratic dispensation following a protracted and most challenging struggle against a rapacious military hegemony, the dividends of good governance have largely eluded the majority who wallow in abject poverty in the midst of abundant resources. Thus, the current democratic experiment appears to be fraught with similar imperfections that plagued the past democratic attempts thereby making transformation a myth rather than reality in Nigeria. The dire need to institutionalize the culture of good governance in Nigeria so as to improve the quality of life of the Nigerian people informs the position of this study. Hence, civil society has been adopted as a veritable tool for achieving good governance. This paper, therefore, attempts to carry out a thorough exposition of civil society organization vis- a- vis its transformatory role as an arbiter to redeem the Nigeria society from imminent total collapse as the country is yet to arrive at the ultimate destination of democracy as the government of the people, duly elected by the people, in the service of the people.

  2. The Scientific & Democratic Revolution in Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Flecha

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The main issue dealt with in this theoretical paper is the explanation of the starting scientific and democratic revolution both in the educative field and in the educative research. In addition, evidence-based arguments are included to provide validity of some affirmations. The first section argues that the social sciences are the daughters and an essential part of democracy. A few historical arguments about the way in which the dominant classes have slowed down the scientific progress and the development of people that make it possible. In the second section, it is analyzed the opposition of feudal universities to this unstoppable beginning of what could be called the scientific and democratic revolution. At the same time, we deal with its ambivalent character requiring to be supported and to be criticized so that it can be improved. In the third section, we expound the way in which this progress has provide some conditions that makes it possible to overcome the strong gender-based violence happening in our institutions of higher education and makes it also possible that women who were persecuted are now transforming our universities. Influences and criticism to our university feudalism, made by social movements such as the named 'Spanish Revolution', appear in the fourth section. In the fifth and last section, we offer a proposal to promote the scientific, democratic, and revolutionary approach of the university.

  3. 电极等间距排列的等离子体显示屏及其驱动技术%Driving Methods for the PDP with Equal-interval Arranged Electrodes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁宁; 沈思宽; 孙鉴

    2003-01-01

    采用寻址与显示分离(ADS)技术的传统彩色等离子体显示器(PDP)应用于高清晰度显示时,分辨率和子场数目的提高将导致亮度降低.采用电极等间距排列的PDP屏,介绍了重复行(LR)驱动方法和交替表面发光(ALIS)驱动方法,并提出一种新的复合型驱动方法,同时提高了彩色PDP的分辨率、子场数目和亮度,测量结果表明,峰值亮度达到450 cd/m2.%In conventional color-PDP adopting ADS technology, as enhancing the definition and increasing sub-field numbers, the luminance of PDP would be severely reduced; it is hardly applied on high definition display. A new driving method, which adopts the panel with equal-interval arranged electrodes, the line repetition (called LR) and alternate lighting of surface (called ALIS[1] ) is proposed, it could improve the definition and luminance of PDP and at the same time increase sub-field numbers. The peak luminance of 450cd/m2 is achieved by measuring at a 12-inch experimental PDP module.

  4. How to Improve the Effectiveness of Democratic Supervision in the New Media Environment%新媒体环境下如何提高民主党派民主监督的实效性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐玉芳; 曹开英

    2015-01-01

    The democratic supervision has irreplaceable superiority compared with other power supervision modes,but its actual executing efficiency is rather low.Especially in the new media environment,the mi-croblogs and Wechats opened by the Democratic Party and their members are few,which results in the poor supervision effectiveness.Therefore,the Democratic Party should expand the channels and improve the effectiveness of democratic supervision with new media,and make a greater contribution to the process of our democratization.%民主党派民主监督与其他权力监督相比具有无可替代的优越性,但发挥的实际效能却相对较低,尤其是在新媒体环境下,民主党派及其成员开设的微博、公众微信数量少,通过这些新媒体所发挥的民主监督功能较弱。在新媒体环境下,民主党派应充分利用新媒体拓展民主监督的渠道,提升民主监督的实效性,为我国的民主政治建设作出更大的贡献。

  5. ISLAM PROJECT: Interface between the signals from various experiments of a Van Graaff accelerator and PDP 11/44 computer; PROYECTO ISLAM: Interfase para las senales de diversas experinecias de un acelerador de Van de Graaf y un ordenador PDP 11/44

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez Piquer, T. A.; Yuste Santos, C.

    1986-07-01

    This paper describe an interface between the signals from an in-beam experiment of a Van de Graaff accelerator and a PDP 11/44 computer. The information corresponding to one spectrum is taken from one digital voltammeter and is processed by mean of an equipment controlled by a M6809 microprocessor. The software package has been developed in assembly language and has a size of 1/2 K. (Author) 12 refs.

  6. Polymer-supported palladacycles: efficient reagents for synthesis of benzopyrans with palladium recovery. Relationship among resin loading, Pd:P ratio, and reactivity of immobilized palladacycles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hershberger, John C; Zhang, Lei; Lu, Genliang; Malinakova, Helena C

    2006-01-06

    [reaction: see text] Oxapalladacycles were immobilized on polystyrene-divinylbenzene supports and treated with 3-aryl-2-propynoates or 1-alkyl-1,2-propadienes to afford 2H-1-benzopyrans in yields superior to those for solution-phase experiments. Isolation of benzopyrans was facilitated, and 71-80% of the palladium was recovered. Effects of resin loading with phosphorus and palladium were studied, and the optimum immobilized palladacycles featuring a medium loading with P (1.35 mmol P/g) and a high loading with Pd (Pd:P ratio 1:1.7) were identified. Resins with higher swelling capacities were more reactive.

  7. Appointments and party organizations: network governmental party in kirchnerista peronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo SCHERLIS

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article contributes to the understanding of the organizational structures of peronism, Argentine dominant political force, on the basis of a study on partisan appointments. It presents the main findings of a research on the scope, the workings, the motivations, and the criteria of partisan appointments in the Argentine state, with particular attention to Néstor Kirchner administration (2003-2007. The more general argument contends that appointments became in this period a crucial tool to control the state apparatus while, at the same time, they made it possible to renovate Peronist partisan elites under the leadership of the president. The data, obtained from a large series of expert interviews, make it possible to offer a new theoretical framework for the understanding of party-government linkages in contemporary Argentine democracy.

  8. 试析小泽新党的政治影响与发展空间%The Influence of Ozawa's New Party and Its Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕汝泉

    2013-01-01

    日本野田政府的增税法案及核电政策,令民主党的支持率继续下降,不仅国民反对野田,民主党内部也是批评之声不断,在与野田交涉无果之后,小泽一郎再次选择了离党出走的惯用手段,另立新党“国民生活第一党”。虽然民主党在小泽离开后更加趋向统一,但是损失了50名议员,国会运营难度增大,内阁随时有被反对党推翻的可能。另外,由于小泽离党时机不佳,个人的财务、婚姻等方面的丑闻接连被曝光,加之竞选资金短缺、支持率低迷,外界对小泽新党的未来并不看好,甚至预测小泽在走投无路时有可能会重返民主党。%The increase tax bill and nuclear policy of Noda government ,making the Democratic Party's support rate continues to drop , is not only the national against Noda ,is but also the Democrats internal criticism constantly ,with Noda fruitless negotiations ,Ozawa Ichiro again chooses to the stock-in-trade running away from the party ,setting up the new party called “seikatu party” .After Ozawa's leave the Democratic Party tends to be more uniform .Losing fifty members of Congress ,Congress's running difficulty is increasing , and the cabinet may be overturned by the opposition party any time .Because Ozawa's leaving from the party is not the just time ,Ozawa's personal finance , marriage and other aspects of the scandal have been exposed ,what's more the campaign funds is shortage , approval ratings is low . The media deems Ozawa's new party's future is not bright , even predicts Ozawa may return to the Democratic party at the end of his rope .

  9. Style and Architecture in a Democratic Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain de Bleeckere

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with research on structural relations between architectural education andcultural and human sciences. The paper addresses two major premises. Firstly the cultural role that architecture can play in the shaping of the ongoing process of democratisation of the global society. Derived here of is thesecond one: “What are the implications for our currentarchitectural education?” The argument develops over three stages.The first one concerns a subject in the field of cultural history, stating that, historically, architecture was commonly an expression of the ruling powers. The first paradigm is that of the earliest modern democracy, the USA. Its initial architectural expression was inspired by Thomas Jefferson who adapted the language of the classical order. The neoclassical style became the canon for the new state buildings: the capitols and the courthouses. This paradigm shows a contradiction and failure to project concepts of democracy and revolution into architecture. The second paradigm comes from the modern architectural movement of the interbellum period. It was inspired by revolutionary ideas of radical socialism and equal right movement, proclaimed and empowered by the USSR. This paradigm again shows — albeit of another nature — the failure to express the modern concept of democracy into an adequate architectural form. Both paradigms learn how astylistic canon dominated and misled the architectural shaping of a young, democratic society. In a second step, the paper focuses on two fundamental reflections. The first one highlights the relationship between democracy and style. A modern concept of liberty, for example, becomes visible in an architectural interpretation of Jefferson’s original design for the first Academic Village, Virginia. In the analysis of this architectural realisation, a more subtle image of Thomas Jefferson emerges. He was the founder of the Declaration of Independence, the philosophical basis for

  10. Activist Model of Political Party Growth

    CERN Document Server

    Jeffs, Rebecca A; Roach, Paul A; Wyburn, John

    2015-01-01

    The membership of British political parties has a direct influence on their political effectiveness. This paper applies the mathematics of epidemiology to the analysis of the growth and decline of such memberships. The party members are divided into activists and inactive members, where all activists influence the quality of party recruitment, but only a subset of activists recruit and thus govern numerical growth. The activists recruit for only a limited period, which acts as a restriction on further party growth. This Limited Activist model is applied to post-war and recent memberships of the Labour, Scottish National and Conservative parties. The model reproduces data trends, and relates realistically to historical narratives. It is concluded that the political parties analysed are not in danger of extinction but experience repeated periods of growth and decline in membership, albeit at lower numbers than in the past.

  11. Gender differences in Assessments of Party Leaders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina; Hansen, Kasper Møller

    2015-01-01

    Is there a relationship between party leader gender and voters' assessments? Yes, according to theses on gender identity and stereotyping. A voter survey during the 2011 Danish general election allows for a comprehensive analysis of a less likely case with four male and four female party leaders....... Female party leaders are assessed more positively by female voters than male voters both in regard to general party leader sympathy and assessment of specific characteristics, whereas it is not the case that male party leaders are assessed more positively by male voters than female voters. The impact...... of gender does not increase with age, actually, the opposite is the case among men since younger male voters have smaller sympathy for female party leaders. Furthermore, there is no support for the expectation that voters with more education or with higher levels of political interest and knowledge are more...

  12. Gender differences in Assessments of Party Leaders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina; Hansen, Kasper Møller

    2015-01-01

    Is there a relationship between party leader gender and voters' assessments? Yes, according to theses on gender identity and stereotyping. A voter survey during the 2011 Danish general election allows for a comprehensive analysis of a less likely case with four male and four female party leaders....... Female party leaders are assessed more positively by female voters than male voters both in regard to general party leader sympathy and assessment of specific characteristics, whereas it is not the case that male party leaders are assessed more positively by male voters than female voters. The impact...... of gender does not increase with age, actually, the opposite is the case among men since younger male voters have smaller sympathy for female party leaders. Furthermore, there is no support for the expectation that voters with more education or with higher levels of political interest and knowledge are more...

  13. Formace hnutí Tea Party

    OpenAIRE

    Bicková, Eliška

    2014-01-01

    Tea Party affects American politics since 2009 when she began under the name of former revolutionary movement to fight government interventions with massive demonstrations. There was often incorrect expectation concerning Tea Party's potential in the first years of her activity. Tea Party supporters cannot be easily characterized, since a very differentiated group of Americans identifies itself with the movement, they come from a broad scale of social groups from Religious Right to libertaria...

  14. STUDENT PARLIAMENT IN FUNCTION OF TRAINING FOR DEMOCRATIC ACTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabije Murati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Macedonia aspires to join the European developed countries and it certainly requires relentless pursuit and persistent hard work in every segment of life especially in the area of education as a initiator of development and modernization of life in general. The changes concerning education certainly that include the school as an institution that organized manner, specified forms and methods training and preparing young people for life and work in more developed and democratic society. I believe that education as a social category should always be updated with social change and of course that in a democratic society should be democratic education. Democratization of society requires and democratization of the school, which in turn inevitably overemphasizes individually oriented model of education. Only with such an model of education can apply the principles of humanity, individuality, diversity education and respect for of the personal interests of students. Within the democratic life in school and preparing young people for democratic life and the need for a working of student parliaments, contemporary school and the characteristics of that school, are one of the basic things about functioning of the democratic life of the school. Democratization of education is not a new and unfamiliar requirement in developed countries as well as in our country. Since the beginning of the independence of the Republic of Macedonia are talking about the democratization of education, upbringing for democracy, basic for Democracy, civil education, etc.. Still until today still do not have comprehensive research relevant to this issue. Young people are not sufficiently prepared for democratic behavior, working and living in a democratic society.

  15. Forecasting Stability or Retreat in Emerging Democratic Regimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snigdha Dewal

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on the literatures on elite transitions, factionalism and the new institutionalism, this paper hypothesizes that the stability of partially democratic and emerging democratic regimes is dependent on the willingness of elites to make credible commitments to cooperate and comply with democratic rules. That willingness (or lack thereof can be signaled by the presence of cooperative or conflict-precipitating events and actions in the periods around elections. We identify and analyze a variety of intra-elite interactions and demonstrate that conflict-precipitating events significantly increase the odds of a democratic retreat in the months before or just after an election, while cooperative events can balance them and prevent retreat. Using event data collected from 40 low- and middle-income countries for two-year periods around national elections between 1991 and 2007 we show that the imbalance of conflict-precipitating over cooperative events is far greater in cases of retreat from democracy. Furthermore, international intervention and pressure had a negative relationship with democratic stability. A logistic regression model accurately identified democratic retreat in 79 percent of the cases examined. Factor analysis revealed several common patterns of intra-elite conflict that can lead to democratic retreat, or conversely, patterns of cooperative events that bolster democratic consolidation. Finally, the data strongly argues for a model of democratic development that depends on open-ended elite maneuvering and the emergence of elite agreements, rather than a model where strong prior institutional constraints determine elite actions.

  16. Forecasting Stability or Retreat in Emerging Democratic Regimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snigdha Dewal

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on the literatures on elite transitions, factionalism and the new institutionalism, this paper hypothesizes that the stability of partially democratic and emerging democratic regimes is dependent on the willingness of elites to make credible commitments to cooperate and comply with democratic rules. That willingness (or lack thereof can be signaled by the presence of cooperative or conflict-precipitating events and actions in the periods around elections. We identify and analyze a variety of intra-elite interactions and demonstrate that conflict-precipitating events significantly increase the odds of a democratic retreat in the months before or just after an election, while cooperative events can balance them and prevent retreat. Using event data collected from 40 low- and middle-income countries for two-year periods around national elections between 1991 and 2007 we show that the imbalance of conflict-precipitating over cooperative events is far greater in cases of retreat from democracy. Furthermore, international intervention and pressure had a negative relationship with democratic stability. A logistic regression model accurately identified democratic retreat in 79 percent of the cases examined. Factor analysis revealed several common patterns of intra-elite conflict that can lead to democratic retreat, or conversely, patterns of cooperative events that bolster democratic consolidation. Finally, the data strongly argues for a model of democratic development that depends on open-ended elite maneuvering and the emergence of elite agreements, rather than a model where strong prior institutional constraints determine elite actions.

  17. The interplay of self-reflection, social interaction and random events in the dynamics of opinion flow in two-party democracies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichtenegger, Klaus; Hadzibeganovic, Tarik

    2016-01-01

    We propose a continuous process opinion formation model to study the dynamics of a multi-level relationship between voters, political parties, and facts in two-party democratic elections. In our model, opinions can take any real value between two extremes and an unaligned, moderate opinion state without a preference. Starting with a random opinion configuration, individual voter opinions evolve and change over time due to self-reflection, inter-personal communication, external media influence, and noise. Parties are influenced by their own ideologies, facts, and voters’ opinions. Elections are held periodically and the party that is closer in opinion to the majority of voters forms the new government. The government policy is then expected to be in proximity to the voter opinions and the policies of the currently ruling political party. We analyze the tension of opinions as a measure of how dramatically opinions can disagree within a given sample of voters and the success of the government and parties as the degree of coincidence between the policies and facts. Our model generates realistic quasi-periodic alternations between incumbents and challengers that are typical for two-party systems. Moreover, our model shows that relative to other voters’ strategies, conscious voting can lead to more successful governments of not only fact-oriented but also pragmatic and balanced political parties, irrespective of the strategies of the competing opposition parties. In addition, our simulations uncover several interesting features including less victories for strictly ideological or fact-oriented parties unless they include some aspects of populism or pragmatism. In this sense, our model can also describe situations where election outcomes are not necessarily based on votes for the current programs of competing parties and their placement on relevant issues, but instead result from voters’ dissatisfaction with the previous government and the votes against it.

  18. Religion, politics and gender equality in Turkey: implications of a democratic paradox?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arat, Yeşim

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the gendered implications of the intertwining of Islam and politics that took shape after the process of democratisation in Turkey had brought a political party with an Islamist background to power. This development revived the spectre of restrictive sex roles for women. The country is thus confronted with a democratic paradox: the expansion of religious freedoms accompanying potential and/or real threats to gender equality. The ban on the Islamic headscarf in universities has been the most visible terrain of public controversy on Islam. However, the paper argues that a more threatening development is the propagation of patriarchal religious values, sanctioning secondary roles for women through the public bureaucracy as well as through the educational system and civil society organisations.

  19. Explaining the Absence of a Genuine European Social-Democrat Consensus: the Case of 'Une Stratégie pour la Solidarité'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erol Kulahci

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Some academic circles have pointed out that the European Union and its Member States suffer from a legitimacy deficit closely linked to the current fiscal policies. In a context which was characterised by the major presence of Labour, Socialist and Social Democrat Parties in the Member States' governments, this article draws attention to Une Stratégie pour la Solidarité of the Party of European Socialists (PES. It argues that this strategy is just a nominal one. Three theoretical assumptions are explored to explain this: the relation between the fiscal policies in the EU and the PES; the emergence of three types of conflicts between the member parties; and the absence of an effective 'pusher' strategy.

  20. Book Review: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2016-01-01

    Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7......Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7...

  1. Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectral Investigations on Green-Emitting Ca(La,Gd)4Si3O13:Tb3+ Phosphors for PDP Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    In an effort to develop new green-emitting PDP phosphors with high efficiency, investigated were the synthesis, VUV photoluminescence (PL) spectra, optical properties, and chromaticity of Ca(La1-x-yTbxGdy)4Si3O13 phosphors by using synchrotron radiation. Upon analysis of the VUV spectroscopic and chromaticity investigations on the new green-emitting VUV phosphors, were an optimized composition achieved. The PLE spectral studies show that Ca(La1-x-yTbxGdy)4Si3O13 exhibit significant absorption in the VUV range. The VUV PL intensity was found to enhance with Gd3+-doping. Furthermore, the 1931 CIE chromaticity coordinates of Ca(La,Gd)4Si3O13:Tb were found to be (0.286, 0.548), as compared to (0.230, 0.712) for Zn2SiO4:Mn2+ as a reference. The potential application of Ca(La,Gd)4Si3O13:Tb as a new green-emitting PDP phosphor are being currently improving and evaluating.

  2. Party media agenda-setting: how parties influence election news coverage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.N. Hopmann; C. Elmelund-Præstekær; E. Albæk; R. Vliegenthart; C.H. de Vreese

    2012-01-01

    Political parties have substantial influence on which issues the news media cover during election campaigns, while the media have limited influence on party agendas. However, we know little about why some parties are more successful than others in passing the media’s gates and being covered on spons

  3. Democratic Means for Democratic Ends: The Possibilities of Bakhtin's Dialogic Pedagogy for Social Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuenca, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    In light of the common mission of social studies education to prepare future democratic citizens, the field continues to be rooted in didactic and monologic practices. Finding an alibi in the current accountability movement that favors teaching about democracy instead of teaching through democracy, many social studies teachers have reneged on…

  4. Monumentality on space and cultural democratization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inês Alves

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a reflection on the idea of monumentality in political and religious power, and its reconversion of a democratic society. There are 3+1 types of cultural exhibition space that are analyzed: the traditional palace or the church, which contain great works of classical art, inside of the historic centers; the art galleries associated with market economy, tend to stimulate the city centre area, and the autonomy of the architectural object in the vicinity of the traditional city. Lastly it is referred the case study - Silo Cultural Space - inside the Norteshopping, but arranged in a peripheral form, which is distinguished by an apparent proximity to multiple public.

  5. 11 CFR 9004.1 - Major parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Consumer Price Index in the manner described in 11 CFR 110.17(a). ... ENTITLEMENT OF ELIGIBLE CANDIDATES TO PAYMENTS; USE OF PAYMENTS § 9004.1 Major parties. The eligible candidates of each major party in a Presidential election shall be entitled to equal payments under 11...

  6. Sex Parties: Female Teen Sexual Experimentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toscano, Sharyl Eve

    2006-01-01

    Adolescent participants in a study aimed at exploring the nature and characteristics of girls' dating relationships revealed the phenomenon of sex parties. These teens defined a "sex party" as an opportunity to engage in sexual contact outside of typical dating relationships. Sexual activity could involve actual intercourse, but usually involved…

  7. Rural protest groups and populist political parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijker, Derk; Voerman, Gerrit; Terluin, Ida

    2015-01-01

    Some agricultural or rural protest groups in the Western world evolved into political parties - often of a populist nature - whereas others did not. This book is the first to explore under which conditions this happens, and to what extent current populist parties have agricultural or rural ties and

  8. Crossing boundaries : Involving external parties in innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slot, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    To improve the return on investments in innovation, firms increasingly open up their new product development (NPD) processes by inviting external parties to participate. This dissertation focuses on the involvement of three different types of external parties in the NPD process: suppliers, customers

  9. Religion and party choice in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Brug, W.; Hobolt, S.B.; de Vreese, C.H.

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates religiosity in relation to party choice in European Parliament elections. Conventional wisdom tells us that as Europe has secularised, the effect of religion on party choice should also have diminished. Yet, this cross-national and cross-temporal study of religious voting in

  10. Rural protest groups and populist political parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijker, Derk; Voerman, Gerrit; Terluin, Ida

    2015-01-01

    Some agricultural or rural protest groups in the Western world evolved into political parties - often of a populist nature - whereas others did not. This book is the first to explore under which conditions this happens, and to what extent current populist parties have agricultural or rural ties and

  11. Pristine Purity : New Political Parties in Canada

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lucardie, Anthonie

    2007-01-01

    Success sells better than failure; hence new parties receive very little attention from political scientists as long as they remain marginal and fail to win seats in Parliament. Yet in the margins of the party system, they may maintain the pristine purity of political principles and ideas better tha

  12. Party Governance and the Selection of Parliamentarians

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.J. Beniers (Klaas)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper examines the incentives for a party leader in office and for a parties' rank-and-file to replace a sitting member of parliament. As to the leader's decision, we show that the leader prefers to replace a critical member of parliament who votes against the leader's policy. A com

  13. 7 CFR 29.28 - Interested party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interested party. 29.28 Section 29.28 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Regulations Definitions § 29.28 Interested party. The owner or other financially interested...

  14. Independent Local Political Parties in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voerman, G.; Boogers, M.

    2010-01-01

    In the last 15 years, the Netherlands has witnessed the enormous growth of independent local parties and of their electoral support. In order to assess the success of independent locals in the Netherlands, this paper explores how independent local parties distinguish themselves ideologically, organi

  15. The Paraguayan democratization process: advances and opposition El proceso de democratización paraguayo: avances y resistencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel UHARTE POZAS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the new conceptions of democracy in Latin America, this work attempts to evaluate the democratization process that is taking place in Paraguay, as a consequence of the historical defeat suffered by the Colorado Party in the presidential elections of 2008. The analysis identifies the reasons for the triumph of the heterogeneous coalition lead by ex-bishop Fernando Lugo and evaluates three aspects of the process: political democratization, social democratization and mass participation.El presente texto, teniendo como referente las nuevas conceptualizaciones que se están realizando en América Latina en torno a la democracia en los últimos tiempos, pretende realizar un balance del proceso de democratización que se ha desarrollado en Paraguay, tras la histórica derrota electoral del Partido Colorado en las elecciones presidenciales de abril de 2008. Se identifican brevemente las razones de la victoria de la heterogénea coalición de partidos liderada por el exobispo Fernando Lugo y, posteriormente, se presenta una evaluación provisional del proceso de democratización en tres de sus dimensiones: democratización política, democratización social y participación ciudadana.

  16. Grassroots Party Branches Construction under New Situation%新形势下的企业基层党支部建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张本忠

    2015-01-01

    Whether the grassroots Party branch function as battle fortress can be played effectively,branch team building is the key.In order to enhance construction of Party branches and further give play of the function of battle fortress of Party branches,firstly,efforts must be made on the unity of Party team,democratic harmony and self-discipline,so as to improve the battle capacity,cohesion,centrifugal force and emotional appeal of the grassroots Party branches;secondly,strengthen the edu-cation,management and supervision to the Party members and further give play to the vanguard and exemplary role of Party members.%基层党支部战斗堡垒作用能否有效发挥,支部班子建设是关键。加强党支部建设,进一步发挥党支部的战斗堡垒作用,首先,要在班子团结、制度规范、民主和谐和廉洁自律上下功夫,提高基层党支部的战斗力、凝聚力、向心力和感召力;其次,要加强对党员的教育、管理和监督,进一步发挥党员的先锋模范作用。

  17. Leakage Resilient Secure Two-Party Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Hazay, Carmit; Patra, Arpita

    2012-01-01

    Definitions.} We formalize the notion of secure two-party computation in the presence of leakage and introduce security definitions in the {\\em ideal/real framework}. Our formalization induces two types of adversarial attacks. We further study the feasibility of our definitions in the computational setting......In the traditional {\\em secure function evaluation} setting, some set of distrusting parties jointly compute a function of their respective inputs {\\em securely} as if the computation is executed in an ideal setting where the parties send inputs to a trusted party that performs the computation...... and explore some of the conditions under which these definitions are met. \\item {\\em Composition Theorems.} We provide compositions theorems for our new modelings. Our results provide compositions theorems for the case where the inputs of the parties are sampled from a min-entropy source distribution. \\item...

  18. Democratic Theory and the Challenge of Linguistic Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Language Policy, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between democratic political theory and the reality of linguistic diversity in contemporary political communities. After suggesting a distinction between "liberal" and "participatory" democratic theories, and asserting that there have been fruitful explorations of linguistic diversity in…

  19. The Democratic Surplus that Constitutionalised the European Union

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2015-01-01

    This article questions the very foundation of the doctrine of a so-called “democratic deficit” in the EU. Yet in order to argue beyond nationalist myths, clear-cut concepts are necessary. Speaking about democracy in the EU, the article exposes four dimensions that constitute a “democratic surplus...

  20. Surfacing the Realpolitik: Democratic Evaluation in an Antidemocratic Climate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacNeil, Cheryl

    2000-01-01

    Uses a case study of an evaluation conducted in a psychiatric institution to illustrate the issues that arise when techniques of deliberative democratic evaluation are applied in an antidemocratic climate. Illuminates strategies for stakeholder inclusion from a deliberative, democratic point of view. (SLD)

  1. A Developmental Model for Educational Planning: Democratic Rationalities and Dispositions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Michael; Johnson, Jerry; Reynolds, Sharon

    2014-01-01

    The Developmental Democratic Planning (DDP) model frames educational planning as a process that extends beyond the immediate focus of a particular planning effort to acknowledge and cultivate the potential of all members of the organization to fulfill their roles as active participants in the democratic life of the organization. The DDP model…

  2. What do we know about adult education for democratic citizenship?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella

    2006-01-01

    This article presents the findings from the study of research literature on Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship, carried out in nine EU memner states. The literature review was designed as the building block for a European Stocktaking study on lifelong learning for democratic citizenship t...

  3. Media Literacy: A Central Component of Democratic Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burroughs, Susie; Brocato, Kay; Hopper, Peggy F.; Sanders, Angela

    2009-01-01

    Educators from Europe, Latin America, and the United States convened to explore issues inherent in democratic citizenship. Media literacy, a central component of democratic citizenship, was studied in depth. Data from the camp were examined for evidence of the participants' understandings of media literacy and how it might be taught. Results…

  4. Democratic Theory and the Challenge of Linguistic Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Language Policy, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between democratic political theory and the reality of linguistic diversity in contemporary political communities. After suggesting a distinction between "liberal" and "participatory" democratic theories, and asserting that there have been fruitful explorations of linguistic diversity in…

  5. Thinking Differently about Guidance: Power, Children's Autonomy and Democratic Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millei, Zsuzsa

    2012-01-01

    This article critiques guidance approaches to discipline, that are employed in early childhood environments with an aim to create democratic environments for children, and as part of "good" practices. Advocates of guidance claim that this is a more humane or democratic approach to discipline that empowers children, and therefore, power in the…

  6. A toolbox for democratic and parcticipatory methods in education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolfschoten, G.L.

    2012-01-01

    With the trends in the use of social software and social media, a more informal and democratic online culture is developing, especially in younger generations. This culture is increasingly conflicting with traditional teaching styles. One of these trends involves the introduction of more democratic

  7. Lost in diffusion? Democratic accountability in public-private partnerships

    OpenAIRE

    Willems, Tom

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: In academic literature and in the popular press complex forms of governance such as public-private partnerships (PPPs) are very often associated with democratic deficits due to a shortfall in accountability. Although this negative outlook on democratic accountability in PPPs is almost a self-evident truth, it remains insufficiently supported by empirical research.

  8. Training Citizens in a Democratic Society To Listen Critically.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohlken, Bob

    In a democratic society, critical listening should have top priority among the four language skills (speaking, reading, writing, and listening). This paper provides a history of critical listening and an application of critical listening in the classroom for the future citizen's involvement in a democratic society. Six critical listening…

  9. A toolbox for democratic and parcticipatory methods in education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolfschoten, G.L.

    2012-01-01

    With the trends in the use of social software and social media, a more informal and democratic online culture is developing, especially in younger generations. This culture is increasingly conflicting with traditional teaching styles. One of these trends involves the introduction of more democratic

  10. Anthropological perspectives on democratic citizenship education and globalization

    OpenAIRE

    Cervinkova, Hana

    2013-01-01

    The author draws on recent North American scholarship in the anthropology of education to show emerging trends in research on school-based democratic citizenship education. She gives examples of research, both at the level of national policies and individual schools, which addresses ways in which global and local infl uences interact in the creation and implementation of programs on democratic citizenship.

  11. Democratic School Turnarounds: Pursuing Equity and Learning from Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Tina; Renée, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    the report "Democratic School Turnarounds" considers the democratic tensions inherent in the federal School Improvement Grant (SIG) policy's market-based school reforms and critiques the research base that many of these reforms are based on. It concludes with a set of recommendations that re-center the purposes of public education…

  12. School Democratic Meetings: Pupil Control Discourse in Disguise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornberg, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this qualitative case study is to investigate how learning in "democratic participation" is constituted by the social interaction and conversation pattern in school democratic meetings in a Swedish primary school. According to the findings, a pupil control discourse and the Initiation-Response-Evaluation pattern dominates the…

  13. Deweyan Democratic Agency and School Math: Beyond Constructivism and Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stemhagen, Kurt

    2016-01-01

    In this article, Kurt Stemhagen reconstructs mathematics education in light of Dewey's democratic theory and his ideas about mathematics and mathematics education. The resulting democratic philosophy and pedagogy of mathematics education emphasizes agency and the connections between mathematics and students' social experiences. Stemhagen considers…

  14. A Delphi Study: The Characteristics of Democratic Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkmaz, H. Eylem; Erden, Münire

    2014-01-01

    The authors aim to identify characteristics of democratic schools. The Delphi technique used in this study is based on attaining a consensus among a group of experts over 3 rounds with 22 experts from 9 countries participating in the first round. By the end of the third round, 339 items referring to democratic school characteristics were…

  15. TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE AND DEMOCRATIC CHANGE: KEY CONCEPTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELENA ANDREEVSKA

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This Article proposes a genealogy of transitional justice and focuses on transitional justice as one of the key steps in peace building that needs to be taken to secure a stable democratic futureTransitional justice is a response to systematic or widespread violations of human rights. It seeks recognition for victims and promotion of possibilities for peace, reconciliation and democracy. The paper focuses on key concepts of transitional justice before addressing its traditional components: justice, reparation, truth and institutional reform. This Article meeting point on the transitional process in a society which has experienced a violent conflict and needs adequate mechanisms to deal with the legacies of the past in order to prevent future violence and cover the way for reconciliation and democratic consolidation. It provides key stakeholders with an overview of transitional justice and its different components, while examining key challenges faced by those working in this area. The present paper concludes with some remarks that challenge the traditional concept of transitional justice and its processes in order to initiate important debate on where future work in this field is needed.

  16. Micro Black Holes and the Democratic Transition

    CERN Document Server

    Dvali, Gia

    2009-01-01

    Unitarity implies that the evaporation of microscopic quasi-classical black holes cannot be universal in different particle species. This creates a puzzle, since it conflicts with the thermal nature of quasi-classical black holes, according to which all the species should see the same horizon and be produced with the same Hawking temperatures. We resolve this puzzle by showing that for the microscopic black holes, on top the usual quantum evaporation time, there is a new time-scale which characterizes a purely classical process during which the black hole looses the ability to differentiate among the species, and becomes democratic. We demonstrate this phenomenon in a well-understood framework of large extra dimensions, with a number of parallel branes. An initially non-democratic black hole is the one localized on one of the branes, with its high-dimensional Schwarzschild radius being much shorter than the interbrane distance. Such a black hole seemingly cannot evaporate into the species localized on the oth...

  17. TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE AND DEMOCRATIC CHANGE: KEY CONCEPTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena ANDREEVSKA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This Article proposes a genealogy of transitional justice and focuses on transitional justice as one of the key steps in peace building that needs to be taken to secure a stable democratic future. Transitional justice is a response to systematic or widespread violations of human rights. It seeks recognition for victims and promotion of possibilities for peace, reconciliation and democracy. The paper focuses on key concepts of transitional justice before addressing its traditional components: justice, reparation, truth and institutional reform. This Article meeting point on the transitional process in a society which has experienced a violent conflict and needs adequate mechanisms to deal with the legacies of the past in order to prevent future violence and cover the way for reconciliation and democratic consolidation. It provides key stakeholders with an overview of transitional justice and its different components, while examining key challenges faced by those working in this area. The present paper concludes with some remarks that challenge the traditional concept of transitional justice and its processes in order to initiate important debate on where future work in this field is needed.

  18. ISLAMISM & DEMOCRACY: A Gender Analysis on PKS’s Application of Democratic Principles and Values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lanny Octavia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The increasing popular support for Islamist parties in democratic countries incites public suspicion concerning whether the Islamists’ participation in procedural democracy guarantees their commitment for substantial democracy, which in principle requires equality of rights among citizens regardless of their religion and gender. Indeed, gender politics often appears at the centre of the lslamist agenda, as they seek to construct a new moral order based on a conservative gender perspective. A greater concern arises on whether the Islamists will eventually lead society towards democracy or, conversely, towards theocracy. In Indonesia, the Prosperous Justice Party (Partai Keadilan Sejahtera/PKS shows a remarkable development and significant electoral achievement. Some observers viewed that PKS is opportunistically using democratic means to “hijack” it for their Islamist agenda waiting for when political power is in their hands. Others believe PKS’s involvement in real politics will, in the end, lead to a “gradual secularisation” of their Islamist agenda. Based on a gender analysis, this paper examines whether PKS’s fulfillment of the formalist criteria of democracy is compatible with their application of democratic principles and values.[Semakin menguatnya dukungan terhadap partai Islam memincu kecurigaan publik yang mempertanyakan apakah partisipasi kalangan islamis dalam demokrasi prosedural menjamin komitmen mereka bagi tegaknya demokrasi substansial, demokrasi yang mensyaratkan kesetaraan bagi semua orang tanpa terkecuali. Sebenarnya, agenda politik gender yang didengungkan oleh kalangan islamis tidak bisa dilepaskan dari perspektif konservatif mereka mengenai relasi gender. Pertanyaannya kemudian, apakah yang mereka agendakan akan berlabuh pada pemantapan demokrasi atau --sebaliknya‍‑­‑ menuju teokrasi. Di Indonesia, Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS adalah satu-satunya partai Islam di Indonesia yang berhasil berkembang pesat

  19. Malaysia’s 2008 General Election – Transition from Single-party Dominance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Case

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Leading theories of transitions from single-party dominant systems begin with economic crisis, the party’s loss of patronage resources, and elite-level defections. The multiparty elections that are then held exert no independent effect, but instead register neutrally the party’s decline and the democratization of politics. This paper, however, shifts attention from the dominant party to citizens and elections in non-crisis conditions. It argues that on key dimensions citizens assess the dominant party’s legitimacy or worthiness of support. Further, where they grow critical of its policy outputs, they scrutinize more closely its conformity to procedures. And as they anticipate that their voting preferences will be thwarted by electoral manipulations, they vote in protest, perhaps producing a “liberalizing electoral outcome.” Elections, then, do not simply indicate the dominant party’s decline. By deepening alienation, they help citizens to cause it. Analysis is set in Malaysia, long an exemplar of single-party dominance, but recently a case in which the government was dealt a striking electoral setback.

  20. Neoliberal Ideology and Democratic Learning. A Response to "Challenging Freedom: Neoliberalism and the Erosion of Democratic Education"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyslop-Margison, Emery James; Ramirez, Andres

    2016-01-01

    In "Challenging Freedom: Neoliberalism and the Erosion of Democratic Education," the author suggests that the presumed decline of democratic learning in public schooling follows from two primary forces: (a) the metaphysical implications of Cartesian psychophysical dualism that support an ontological understanding of the self as distinct…

  1. Neoliberal Ideology and Democratic Learning. A Response to "Challenging Freedom: Neoliberalism and the Erosion of Democratic Education"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyslop-Margison, Emery James; Ramirez, Andres

    2016-01-01

    In "Challenging Freedom: Neoliberalism and the Erosion of Democratic Education," the author suggests that the presumed decline of democratic learning in public schooling follows from two primary forces: (a) the metaphysical implications of Cartesian psychophysical dualism that support an ontological understanding of the self as distinct…

  2. Presentation,Connotation and Importance of"Socialist Participating Parties with Chinese Characteristics"%“中国特色社会主义参政党”的提出、内涵及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁廷华

    2014-01-01

    本文对习近平同志提出的“中国特色社会主义参政党”进行了解读。作者认为,对民主党派进行准确的定性和定位,是多党合作的重大理论和实践问题;“中国特色社会主义参政党”是中共中央对我国各民主党派的政党性质和政治地位作出的最新科学论断,有着丰富的内涵;“中国特色社会主义参政党”的提出,对坚持和完善我国多党合作制度具有重大意义。%The writer interpreted the concept of"socialist participating parties with Chinese characteristics"presented by Mr.XI Jin-ping.According to the writer,it is a vital theoretical and practical issue on multi-party cooperation to accurately determine the nature and position of the democratic parties."The socialist participating parties with Chi-nese characteristics"is the CCCPC's brand-new scientific judgment on the nature and political status of the democrat-ic parties in China,with rich connotation.The presentation of"socialist participating parties with Chinese characteris-tics"is of great importance for us to persist in and improve the multi-party cooperation system in China.

  3. Democratization and Political Change as Threats to Collective Sentiments: Testing Durkheim in Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    PRIDEMORE, WILLIAM ALEX; KIM, SANG-WEON

    2006-01-01

    Durkheim argued that acute political crises result in increased homicide rates because they pose a threat to sentiments about the collective. Though crucial to Durkheim’s work on homicide, this idea remains untested. The authors took advantage of the natural experiment of the collapse of the Soviet Union to examine this hypothesis. Using data from Russian regions (N = 78) and controlling for measures of anomie and other covariates, the authors estimated the association between political change and change in homicide rates between 1991 and 2000. Results indicated that regions exhibiting less support for the Communist Party in 2000 (and thus greater change in political ideals because the Party had previously exercised complete control) were regions with greater increases in homicide rates. Thus, while democratization may be a positive development relative to the Communist juggernaut of the past, it appears that the swift political change in Russia is partially responsible for the higher rates of violence there following the collapse of the Soviet Union. PMID:16880894

  4. Political Marketing Mix in Indonesia Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy Simbolon

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The reform era has changed the paradigm of Indonesian politics. Multiparty system has demanded a political party to be able to compete for their constituents. Article aimed to convey a political marketing concept that can helppolitical parties in planning a strategy to win the election. Research method used descriptive method analysis. The results suggest that the approach of the marketing mix that includes the product, price, place, and promotion areapproaches that are very helpful in presenting a plan to win the marketing strategy of political parties in elections.

  5. The Labour Party and British Republicanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth O. MORGAN

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, once solved a case by referring to “the dog that did not bark.” In the past 250 years of British history, republicanism is another dog that did not bark. This is particularly true of supposedly our most radical major political party, the Labour Party. Over the monarchy, as over constitutional matters generally, Labour’s instincts have been conservative. Even after 1997, when the party, led by Lord Irvine, has indeed embarked upon major constitutional ref...

  6. Revisiting the Issue of Far-Left Political Parties in 1907–1909 (through the Example of Black Sea Governorate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin V. Taran

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the activity of far-left organizations across Black Sea Governorate in 1907–1909. During this period, the bodies of internal affairs detected in the region a subversive activity of SR Maximalists, Communist Anarchists, and other terrorist groups. The activity of these destructive forces would come down to the physical liquidation of government officials, representatives of right parties, as well as extortion of money from merchants. The author comes to the conclusion that in Novorossiysk the two-year period following the end of the First Russian Revolution saw the party organizations of Social Democrats, Socialist Revolutionaries, Maximalists, Anarchists, etc., to virtually degrade and take on forms of organized criminal groups.

  7. How democratic are Networks?- A framework for Assessing the Democratic Effects of Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Annika; Löfgren, Karl

    There has, since the end of the 1980s, been a growing interest in western democracies for formally involving citizens in various local planning activities through network governance. The overarching goal has been to increase efficiency in local planning. Equally, it has also been accompanied...... by an underlying idea of enhancing public participation and mobilising the citizens, thereby strengthening local democracy. Even though much is written about these initiatives, the actual democratic effects of these activities have been notably overlooked in the literature. Both among scholars, as well...... as officials (i.e. civil servants and politicians), there seem to be a considerable uncertainty on how to appraise these initiatives, and there is a demand for criteria and tools for democratically appraising both the input and the output of network governance. The central question raised in this article is...

  8. 日本民主党党首选举透析%Party Leader Election of Democratic Party of Japan: An Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廉德瑰

    2010-01-01

    @@ 2010年9月14日,日本民主党党首选举大战落幕.菅直人以721分大幅领先小泽一郎的491分,成功连任民主党党首,继续担任日本首相.菅直人连任民主党党首既出人意料又在意料之中,所谓出人意料,是因为在选举投票一周以前,人们对选情的分析还是以小泽作为民主党内最大集团的实力为基础的,但是,临近投票时,得到民意支持的菅直人便逐渐胜券在握了;所谓意料之中,是因为小泽因"金钱政治"问题而失去民意问题,也在众人的思考范围之内,而民意在民主党内的党员和议员中获得了立竿见影的反应,是日本问题观察者早有预感的.那么,如何看这次选举,它对今后的日本政治与外交将产生什么影响呢?

  9. Democracy and democratization in contemporary Muslim societies: A theoretical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahabuddin Ra’ees

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the impact of democracy and democratization on contemporary Muslim societies. The institutional and philosophical approaches to democracy and democratization are inseparable. The paper investigates the relationship between the philosophical dimension of Western democracy and the Muslim philosophy of life and concludes that the democratization of contemporary Muslim societies leads to serious and destabilizing ideological polarization and division of Muslim societies into supporters of secularism and political Islam. The Islamist-secularists relation radicalizes: (1 when the Islamists are prevented from capturing power through democratic institutions and (2 when the advanced Western democratic states cooperate with non-democratic secular elites of Muslim societies. The destabilizing role of democracy can be moderated if the Islamists are engaged in the democratic process, and the debate between the Islamists, the secularists and the West – based on the view that the West should conceive Islam as an alternative weltanschauung [worldview] – focuses on issues that are human properties, irrespective of religion, ethnicity or language. The institutional approach to democracy provides a common ground for cooperation and dialogue between the Islamists, the secularists and the West.

  10. Civic education, key to democratic consolidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Mardones Arévalo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Assuming the importance for Chile to deepen and improve its democratic system, this article aims first to recognize the status of citizen progressive distancing of political affairs, especially in the youngest segment, based on data provided by various surveys and studies for the period 1990 to 2010. The realization of the above situation leads us to propose that generate citizen involvement is correlated to the field of politics, that citizens understand the importance of political participation, which is made from the educational base. From our perspective, the problem lies in citizenship education, which would be deficient or misguided. Thus, the second objective of this study is to understand the role that has met the Chilean educational system, however the education reform process launched since 1997 has not, apparently, with the formula that involves the creation of citizenship committed to their surroundings and with the complexities of the context of open societies and permeable in a global context.

  11. Indonesia: Nation-building and democratic governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Montobbio

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The constitution of a state in democracy and development in what is Indonesia today is just one of the possible stories of History. To explain what has made it possible and what will determine Indonesia’s future and transformations, this paper offers an approach to the structuring axis of Indonesia’s national construction; it also analyses the process that led to the replacing of the political regime established by Sukarno after independence by Suharto’s “New Order”, and its consolidation and crisis, which subsequently led to political transition, then to the present democratic regime in consolidation and to the overcoming of Indonesia’s historical challenges. The paper concludes with an analysis of the current situation and the challenges Indonesia faces in the future.

  12. Mixed Signals: Democratization and the Myanmar Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Burrett

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the media context of Myanmar’s recent political reforms and transition of power. Drawing on interviews with 57 Yangon-based media professionals, the article analyzes the media’s role as both an agent and subject of political change as Myanmar prepared for parliamentary elections in November 2015. It asks to what extent changes in the Myanmar media system adhere to existing theories of the media’s role in the democratization process. Specifically, the article analyzes the features and functions of Myanmar’s media during the country’s liberalization from 2010 to 2015. The article concludes by assessing what Myanmar’s experience adds to our theoretical understanding of the media’s transformation during liberalization.

  13. Towards Science for Democratic Sustainable Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Jonas Egmose

    This PhD thesis considers how community-based action research can further new research orientations towards sustainable development. The thesis is empirically situated in the area of upstream public engagement where new forms of bottom-up citizen participation are developed to engage local...... through a theoretical conceptualisation of democratic sustainable development. In this framework sustainability is understood as the immanent and emergent ability of ecological and social life, continuously to renew itself without eroding its own foundation for existence. Consequently societal...... residents, sustainability resear- chers and practitioners in deliberating on how future research can meet societal challenges of urban sustainability. Based on the research project Citizen Science for Sustainability (SuScit) I analyse how orientations towards sustainability can be understood and challenged...

  14. The Democratic Invention. A Reading of Lefort.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Sirczuk

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I will present the way in which Lefort interprets modern democracy as a new form of society in regard to the sources of law and legitimacy. Lefort is a thinker who is difficult to place within the context of contemporary political theory: he not only defends democracy against Marxism but also thinks that this form of society cannot be circumscribed within the limits of the modern state, nor be understood through the categories that the tradition of political philosophy has developed to distinguish between political regimes. Lefort combines the defense of democracy with a radical critique of the established order. He identifies the democratic invention with the institution of a dynamic that makes, by right, the radical questioning of law the source of political legitimacy.

  15. The Democratizing Effects of Transjudicial Coordination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyal Benvenisti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available There are growing indications that transjudicial dialogue among national courts has increased in recent years and that it has become more routinized. We argue below that this trend is at least partially motivated by the efforts of these courts to: (1 address a 'judicial deficit' that has resulted from the broad transfer of regulatory policy-making authority from the domestic to the international sphere; and (2 curb pro-executive interpretations of regulatory rules on the part of less politically insulated international tribunals. While recognizing the dangers of 'le gouvernement des juges', we suggest that, at least in the short term, the expanded role of national courts can operate to enhance rather than pre-empt domestic political processes and promote accountability to diverse democratic concerns by providing opportunities for national legislatures and civil society to weigh in on matters subject to executive discretion or international regulation.

  16. PEASANTRY, FAMILY PARTIES AND MEANINGS OF KINSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiane Carine Wedig

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors focus the study on the Family Party taken as a privileged space to grasp symbolic categories departing from which the peasants build kinship. These parties bring to the foreground kinship meanings departing from the revival of a myth of origin and the affirmation of broad kinship binds. The study is based on an ethnographical research conducted within a Family Party of a rural community of German immigrants’ descendents, located in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Research findings led the authors to consider that the party participants establish different meanings for kinship, which gather people that either descend from a common ancestral or have a connection with him or her, thus constituting a relation of familial or ethnic belonging.

  17. The treatment with the probiotic Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 of specimens of Solea senegalensis exposed to high stocking densities to enhance their resistance to disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapia-Paniagua, S T; Vidal, S; Lobo, C; Prieto-Álamo, M J; Jurado, J; Cordero, H; Cerezuela, R; García de la Banda, I; Esteban, M A; Balebona, M C; Moriñigo, M A

    2014-12-01

    Aquaculture industry exposes fish to acute stress events, such as high stocking density, and a link between stress and higher susceptibility to diseases has been concluded. Several studies have demonstrated increased stress tolerance of fish treated with probiotics, but the mechanisms involved have not been elucidated. Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 is a strain isolated from healthy gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) and it is considered as probiotics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the dietary administration of this probiotics on the stress tolerance of Solea senegalensis specimens farmed under high stocking density (PHD) compared to a group fed a commercial diet and farmed under the same conditions (CHD). In addition, during the experiment, a natural infectious outbreak due to Vibrio species affected fish farmed under crowding conditions. Changes in the microbiota and histology of intestine and in the transcription of immune response genes were evaluated at 19 and 30 days of the experiment. Mortality was observed after 9 days of the beginning of the experiment in CHD and PHD groups, it being higher in the CHD group. Fish farmed under crowding stress showed reduced expression of genes at 19 day probiotic feeding. On the contrary, a significant increase in immune related gene expression was detected in CHD fish at 30 day, whereas the gene expression in fish from PHD group was very similar to that showed in specimens fed and farmed with the conventional conditions. In addition, the dietary administration of S. putrefaciens Pdp11 produced an important modulation of the intestinal microbiota, which was significantly correlated with the high number of goblet cells detected in fish fed the probiotic diet. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. COMP: a basic non-linear last squares curve fitting package. [Interactive program for PDP-11/34 or 11/70

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watson, C. R.; Cochran, M. I.; Thomas, J. M.; Eberhardt, L. L

    1977-11-01

    To find a mathematical model which describes (fits) data from a process which is fundamentally nonlinear, one usually uses nonlinear least-squares techniques on maxicomputers. These usually run in batch mode with the user supplying a model and initial ''guesstimates'' of its parameters. However, fitting the model to the data can be considered an art because computer algorithms either converge to true solutions, or converge to erroneous solutions, or fail to converge, depending on the quality of the guesstimates. It is slow and expensive to try enough runs to obtain a logical solution (unless one makes lucky initial guesses). An interactive BASIC procedure was developed which runs on either the PDP-11/34 under RT-11 or the PDP-11/70 under IAS. These programs help the investigator quickly fit the model to the data and statistically evaluate the differences between the two. The parameter estimates thus determined may then be used as guesstimates for the more precise maxicomputer codes. The key to the system is the re-enterant nature of the curve fitting routine (allowed only with a language such as INTERPRETED BASIC). The user supplies estimates of the parameters for the selected model (18 are currently available, and users can easily write their own). The computer tries a few iterative refinements (by using Taylor series expansion of partial derivatives to obtain linearization) of the estimates in an attempt to minimize the deviations between the values predicted by the model and the observed data. The user can observe as the program executes whether the result is a logical solution. If not, he may stop the process, enter new guesstimates, and examine those results, try again, or select a new model.

  19. Peru's troubled return to democratic government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, J M

    1982-01-01

    Contemporary Peru is a society beset by a host of social, economic, and political problems. In the postwar period Peru has become a paradigm for the phenomena of rapid population growth, internal migration, hyperurbanization, and socioeconomic marginality. These phenomena converged to create the "barriada," a huge squatter settlement brought into being ordinarily by huge invasions of vacant lands in the outskirts of Lima. It is this great and growing marginal mass that weighs so heavily on the city and the country's economy. Their sheer numbers strain the city's resources and capacity to delivery services such as waste disposal. The central reality of the barriada is grinding poverty, which in turn manifests itself in street crime and a general and growing sense of personal insecurity that pervades Lima. For years now the Peruvian economy has been unable to absorb this growing marginal mass productively. There is massive unemployment and underemployment. As in so many cases in contemporary Peru, action to solve 1 problem may simply generate another, possibly more serious elsewhere. This is the essence of the conundrum that awaited Francisco Belaunde Terry when he assumed the presidency in June 1980 as the head of Peru's 1st democratically elected government in over 12 years. The Belaunde government's market-oriented approach to political economy is an adaptation to a more general trend. Essentially, the transition from military authoritarian rule to civil democratic rule between 1978-80 was very smooth. For the present, power was assumed by political forces committed in broad terms to the underlying socioeconomic system rather than to revolutionary transformations. A fundamental aspect of the context was the shift away from populism and toward capital concentration. The negative impact of this shift on the income levels of the majority was exacerbated by the economic crisis of the late 1970s and by the terms of an International Monetary Fund agreement. The

  20. Civil Society, Democratic Space, and Social Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neelmani Jaysawal

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Civil Society envisages the growth of civilization in a way that the society is in “civilized form.” It has been prominent in Social science since time immemorial. Till 18th century, it was synonymous with the state or political society. It was more or less direct translation of Cicero’s Societas’ Civilis and Aristotle’s Koinonia politike. According to Karl Marx, “Civil Society embraces the whole material intercourse of individuals within a definite stage of development of productive forces.” Civil Society is an arena where modern man legitimately gratifies his self-interest and develops his individuality, but also learns the value of group action, social solidarity which educates him for citizenship and equips him to participate in the political sphere of the state. It provides “networks of civic engagement” within which reciprocity is learned and enforced, trust is generated. An active and diverse civil society plays a valuable role in advancement of democracy. It seeks to ensure that citizen’s interests are taken seriously. The social work intervention may not be democratically envisaged until it is promulgated by civic engagement through Civil Society. Methodology: This is a descriptive study which consists of secondary source of data collection based on reports, books, periodic journals, web-based articles. There have been utilized three case studies for reaching the findings of study. This article will highlight on role of civil society in providing democratic space and assisting social workers to ensure inclusive growth through conglomeration of state and individuals.

  1. A Democratically Accountable External Action Service: Three Scenarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozef Bátora

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Democratic accountability is an aspect that seems to have been almost entirely overlooked in the discussions on the evolving role of the European External Action Service (EEAS. In modern democratic societies, it is increasingly difficult to sustain the claim that foreign policy and diplomacy are incompatible with democratic decision-making and accountability. What is more, for the external service representing the EU as an entity aspiring to play the role of a mentor in state- and democracy-building processes in various countries around the world, ensuring democratic accountability necessarily becomes a key concern. While this is the case, the literature on the EEAS has at best only partially addressed this issue so far. This article seeks to bridge that gap and discuss ways of how democratic accountability could be ensured in the EEAS in its various possible organizational configurations. It hence addresses some of the key issues addressed by this special issue – institutionalization of administrative arrangements in support of the ESDP, the role of non-elected officials in the EU’s external relations and, indeed, evolving mechanisms for ensuring political control of the EU’s external action. In the first section, the paper discusses the notion of democratic accountability and reviews the state of the debate regarding democratic accountability in the EEAS. Three models of a democratic order in the EU are then suggested (cf Eriksen and Fossum and based on those, three scenarios of developing democratic accountability in the EEAS are elaborated upon - the EEAS as a support agency for member state diplomacy; the EEAS as a federal foreign service of the EU; and the EEAS as a cosmopolitan normative entrepreneur.

  2. Third Party Involvement in Barroom Conflicts

    OpenAIRE

    Parks, Michael J.; Osgood, D. Wayne; Richard B. Felson; Wells, Samantha; Graham, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effect of situational variables on whether third parties intervene in conflicts in barroom settings, and whether they are aggressive or not when they intervene. Based on research on bystander intervention in emergencies, we hypothesized that third parties would be most likely to become involved in incidents with features that convey greater danger of serious harm. The situational variables indicative of danger were severity of aggression, whether the aggression was one...

  3. Party Formation in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation is about how political parties formed in the world's first mass democracy, the United States. I trace the process of party formation from the bottom up. First, I ask: How do individuals become engaged in politics and develop political affiliations? In most states, throughout the antebellum era, the county was the primary unit of political administration and electoral representation. Owing to their small size, contiguity, and economic homogeneity, I expect that each county's ...

  4. Motivated Reasoning and Political Parties: Evidence for Increased Processing in the Face of Party Cues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Michael Bang; Skov, Martin; Serritzlew, Søren;

    2013-01-01

    Extant research in political science has demonstrated that citizens’ opinions on policies are influenced by their attachment to the party sponsoring them. At the same time, little evidence exists illuminating the psychological processes through which such party cues are filtered. From...... the psychological literature on source cues, we derive two possible hypotheses: (1) party cues activate heuristic processing aimed at minimizing the processing effort during opinion formation, and (2) party cues activate group motivational processes that compel citizens to support the position of their party....... As part of the latter processes, the presence of party cues would make individuals engage in effortful motivated reasoning to produce arguments for the correctness of their party’s position. Following psychological research, we use response latency to measure processing effort and, in support...

  5. Party cohesion in the Icelandic Althingi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunnar Helgi Kristinsson

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Institutional theories of party cohesion may be divided into "nomination theories" and "structure of the executive theories". The former seek explanations of cohesion in the way nominations are conducted, predicting that de-centralized and inclusive nominations will reduce party cohesion. The latter attempt to explain cohesion by reference to the structure of the executive, and predict that parliamentary government will increase cohesion. Party cohesion in the Icelandic Althingi has, hitherto, not been extensively studied. In this article, large amounts of data are explored to test hypotheses derived from the two theoretical approaches. The analysis is based on roll-call data dating back to 1961 and electronic voting records from 1991 onwards. The main conclusion is that party cohesion is at a high level in Iceland, despite decentralized and inclusive nominations, and hypotheses derived from nomination theories therefore find no support in our data. Hypotheses derived from "structure of the executive theories" fare much better and the main reason for high party cohesion in Iceland seems to be parliamentary government. Various features of our data, however, encourage us not to ignore other contextual features affecting party cohesion, which neither of the two institutional theories can account for satisfactorily.

  6. Third party involvement in barroom conflicts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parks, Michael J; Osgood, D Wayne; Felson, Richard B; Wells, Samantha; Graham, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effect of situational variables on whether third parties intervene in conflicts in barroom settings, and whether they are aggressive or not when they intervene. Based on research on bystander intervention in emergencies, we hypothesized that third parties would be most likely to become involved in incidents with features that convey greater danger of serious harm. The situational variables indicative of danger were severity of aggression, whether the aggression was one-sided or mutual, gender, and level of intoxication of the initial participants in the conflict. Analyses consist of cross-tabulations and three-level Hierarchical Logistic Models (with bar, evening, and incidents as levels) for 860 incidents of verbal and physical aggression from 503 nights of observation in 87 large bars and clubs in Toronto, Canada. Third party involvement was more likely during incidents in which: (1) the aggression was more severe; (2) the aggression was mutual (vs. one-sided) aggression; (3) only males (vs. mixed gender) were involved; and (4) participants were more intoxicated. These incident characteristics were stronger predictors of non-aggressive third party involvement than aggressive third party involvement. The findings suggest that third parties are indeed responding to the perceived danger of serious harm. Improving our knowledge about this aspect of aggressive incidents is valuable for developing prevention and intervention approaches designed to reduce aggression in bars and other locations. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. The Democratic Surplus that Constitutionalised the European Union

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2015-01-01

    This article questions the very foundation of the doctrine of a so-called “democratic deficit” in the EU. Yet in order to argue beyond nationalist myths, clear-cut concepts are necessary. Speaking about democracy in the EU, the article exposes four dimensions that constitute a “democratic surplus.......” It offers, first, a narrative of European integration that does not insist on an identity logic of democratic sovereignty and self-determination; on the contrary, a differentiated and deconstructed constitution of a network society of intermediate institutions seems more realist. Contrary to the classical...

  8. Party website – instrument of political communication. Case study: www.psd.ro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Pătruţ

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Romanian political parties’ websites have developed especially after 2000 and have been used to disseminate information about candidates, campaigns and political agendas. Combining the quantitative content analysis with well-known models I will quantify the degree in which the Romanian Social Democratic Party website contributes to informing, connecting, involving, and mobilizing visitors. Another objective of the analysis is to pinpoint the place that websites occupy on the trajectory web 1.0 – web 2.0. The findings show that the political website is used more to inform and less to involve or mobilize visitors and that the SDP website is far from the web 2.0. taking account the virtual practices performed.

  9. The Civil Democratic Control on the Army Forces in Romania 1989-2007

    OpenAIRE

    Octavian SOFRONEA

    2016-01-01

    The end of the Cold War meant for the South-Eastern European countries an increased effort for establishing a market based economy and democratic institutions. One raised issue regarding democratization was the reform of the army forces and the democratization of the relationship between the military and the civil society. The civil control on the army forces and the creation of a democratic control system represents key indicators for the process of democratization and stabilizing and legiti...

  10. Understanding and griping democratic party's basic feature and keep democratic party's advance%认识和把握参政党基本特征永葆民主党派进步性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓浦东

    2006-01-01

    进步性与广泛性是民主党派的两个基本特征.进步性是民主党派的本质属性,是民主党派存在和发展的前提所在;广泛性是民主党派的表象属性,是民主党派存在和发展的社会基础.在复杂多变的新的历史条件下,民主党派更要自觉保持进步性,进一步加强思想建设、组织建设、制度建设和参政党能力建设,使民主党派充满生机与活力,永葆进步性.

  11. Towards a More Democratic Regime and Society? The Politics of Faith and Ethnicity in a Transitional Multi-Ethnic Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kikue Hamayotsu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The rising antagonistic attitudes and tension between the Malay majority and ethnic and religious minorities in Malaysia since 2007 is intriguing because it has occurred when society experienced an unprecedentedly large-scale and assertive multi-ethnic pro-democracy movement. This article argues that precisely these assertive and confident civil and political societies – and their emphasis on equal rights and equitable development for all Malaysians – have put the traditional Malay and religious elites on the defensive. The pro-democracy movement and the prospects of regime change have threatened not only the party-dominant regime but also – and more importantly – the constitutional and institutional foundations of ethnic exclusivism and privileges. Moreover, two Malay-based parties, the United Malays National Organization (UMNO and the Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS, are viewed as giving too many political concessions to the non-Malay communities to gain an electoral advantage, making the traditional Malay and religious elites even more defensive of their position and power. As a result, religious issues are excessively politicised, further deteriorating the already complicated inter-ethnic relations of the country. The prospects for achieving a democratic regime and society appear grim, although hopes have run high since the electoral rise of the multi-ethnic opposition.

  12. Social Justice, Civil Society and the Dramatist in Democratic Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Social Justice, Civil Society and the Dramatist in Democratic Nigeria. ... democracy as being unique to the cultural environment, yet the human-rights violations, ... Drama and theatre, being veritable media of communication are considered ...

  13. Religious Networks in Post-conflict Democratic Republic of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Religious Networks in Post-conflict Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Prognosis. ... The role of religion and religious networks in public life is gaining increasing attention in contemporary social science discourses against ... Article Metrics.

  14. Ethnic Struggle, Coexistence, and Democratization in Eastern Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Cianetti, Licia

    2013-01-01

    Ethnic Struggle, Coexistence, and Democratization in Eastern Europe. By Sherrill Stroschein. Pp. 289. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2012. £60.00. Hardback. ISBN: 9781107005242. Click here to read the review

  15. New public management reforms in Nigerian democratic governance

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    New public management reforms in Nigerian democratic governance: issues and challenges. ... Journal of Research in National Development ... of the philosophy of administration broadly called “New Public Management” (NPM) in an effort to ...

  16. A blueprint for democratic citizenship education in South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    project on African teachers' perceptions on the factors contributing to good citizenship. ..... sial matters in classrooms is essential to developing authentic democratic ..... and listed and described a number of teacher-identified qualities of a good.

  17. Democratic survival in Latin America (1945-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aníbal PÉREZ-LIÑÁN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Why do democracies survive or break down? In this paper, it returns to this classic question with an empirical focus on Latin America from 1945 to 2005. The argument deviates from the quantitative literature and a good part of the qualitative literature on democratic survival and breakdown. It is argued that structural variables such as the level of development and inequalities have not shaped prospects for democratic survival in Latin America. Nor, contrary to findings in some of the literature, has economic performance affected the survival of competitive regimes. Instead, it is focused on the regional political environment and on actors’ normative preferences about democracy and dictatorship and their policy radicalism or moderation. It is argued that 1 a higher level of development did not increase the likelihood of democratic survival in Latin America over this long time; 2 if actors have a normative preference for democracy, it is more likely to survive; and 3 policy moderation facilitates democratic survival.

  18. Introduction Public Sector Reforms and the Quest for Democratic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    seriane.camara

    Hence, at the turn of the 21st century, Africa remains the poorest region in the world. ... participation and, consequently, the sustainability of democratic governance. ..... with the implement action of the reforms have no capacity to do so.

  19. Civil Society Organisations and Democratic Consolidation in Uganda1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sulaiman.adebowale

    2006-06-01

    Jun 1, 2006 ... fectively empowered, especially through collective action and solidarity ... alisation of democratic practices, complete only when citizens and the political ..... new information and communications technologies as fax machines.

  20. The perceptions of parents of their role in the democratic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The perceptions of parents of their role in the democratic governance of ... of education of parents in general, lack of education on parental involvement in school activities, a fear of 'academic victimisation' of their children, language barrier, ...

  1. Taiwanese political parties can be categorized by face, by those who reported making face-to-trait inferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shun-Fu eHu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to replicate and extend Rule & Ambady (2010’s findings that Republicans and Democrats could be differentiated by face. In Experiment 1, undergraduates categorized 50 gray-scale full-face photos of candidates of the two major political parties in Taiwan, the Kuomingtang (KMT and the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP. Using identical stimuli and procedure, Experiment 2 tested 25- to 57-year-olds. Experiment 3 tested undergraduates with cropped photos, Experiment 4, with photos devoid of the mouth and chin area. At the end of each Experiment, we interviewed the participants about the strategies used. Results showed that undergraduates could categorize KMT and DPP with accuracies significantly higher than chance in full-face photos (Exp.1, M = .524, p = .045, cropped photos (Exp.3, M = .534, p = .016, and photos devoid of the mouth-and-chin area (Exp.4, M = .530, p = .048. Adults aged between 25 and 57 could also categorize full-face photos (Exp.2, M = .557, p < .001. Analysis on strategy use revealed that the better-than-chance performance may be a unique contribution of those who reported making face-to-trait inferences. In sum, we replicated Rule and Ambady’s (2010 results in East Asian and found that face-to-trait inferences may be essential.

  2. Introduction. In Search of Economic Policies to Stabilise Democratic Transitions

    OpenAIRE

    Luciani, Giacomo

    2017-01-01

    Democratic transitions in the Middle East and North Africa have mostly failed to consolidate and have been hindered by the difficult economic heritage of previous authoritarian governments. Yet newly established democratic governments must deliver on the expectations of their people, especially the poorer strata, otherwise disillusionment may open the door to restoration of authoritarian rule. The introductory chapter reviews existing literature on the topic and presents the contributions of ...

  3. Freed to Learn: Five Fundamental Concepts of Democratic Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leo J. Fahey

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Children are natural learners each with distinct interests, abilities and rates of cognitive, emotional and social growth. Democratic Education institutionalizes five key concepts to free these natural instincts and individual differences to drive community self-governance and individual self-directed learning within a formal schooling environment. This paper summarizes the five concepts fundamental to Democratic Education and suggests how they can be applied within a school setting.

  4. The Nationalisation of Post-Communist Party Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bochsler, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Party nationalisation, defined as the homogeneity of party strength across a country, has recently become a major issue in research. Even though territory is a salient political question in the post- communist countries in Europe, party nationalisation in these countries has been neglected by the...... provide for a high degree of nationalisation, or where super-presidentialism inhibits the creation of strong nationalised parties....

  5. An Examination of Democratic Attitudes of Primary School Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Gulec

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available As democracy can develop better in a society of democratic people, democracy education can also get its intended goals better in a democratic school environment. As the most influential people in a school environment were teachers, this study, too, aimed to determine their levels of democratic attitudes. In the present study, 60 primary school teachers working in the schools attached to the Bursa Metropolitan Municipality were surveyed. The relationships between their attitudes and some variables were studied. These variables included school they work, age, gender, marital status, number of children they have, education level, teaching experience and number of broth-ers or sisters. The questionnaire used for this study was validated by Aydogan & Kukul (2003 based on previous studies made by Gomleksiz (1988, Yildirim (1994 and Atasoy (1997. For the validity of the questionnaire, Cronbach Alpha coefficient (0.829 was calculated. The results suggest that teachers show very positive attitude with a score of 103. When the items were examined individually, some significant relationships were found with the variables. Teachers should have positive democratic attitudes in order to give lessons of democracy to their students. An appropriate and encouraging environment should be prepared in order for students to gain desired democratic outcomes. In a democratic environment, teachers’ positive attitudes will help their students to gain critical thinking skills, effective discussion skills, capability for fighting against inequity, cooperation and collaboration skills, and showing empathy and respect for diversity.

  6. New alliances: why mainstream parties govern with radical right-wing populist parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.L. de Lange

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates the recent government participation of a number of radical right-wing populist parties in West European democracies. With the help of coalition formation theories the government coalitions in which these parties have participated are characterised and inferences are made ab

  7. 24 CFR 401.500 - Required notices to third parties and meeting with third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... third parties and meeting with third parties. (a) General. The PAE must solicit, and document the...) and (f) of this section, in form and substance acceptable to HUD, must be provided. The PAE may... Project Number; (ii) The responsible PAE and contact person, including the address and telephone...

  8. The party politics of economic reform: Public opinion, party positions and partisan cleavages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Padgett, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on the capacity of parties to cultivate public opinion to accept welfare state reform. 'Preference shaping', it is argued, depends on the intensity of party 'messages', which will be at their strongest where there are sharply defined partisan cleavages in opinion. The aversion o

  9. On the Contemporary Value of Yan'an Democratic Model%延安民主模式及其当代价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安雅珍

    2012-01-01

    Yan'an democratic model is a good example for CPC's practice of democracy.The political model is "Tripartite regime"and the direct election system;the economic model mainly embodies in fiscal democracy;the cultural model mainly refers to the cultural programme of the new democracy.The supreme principle of Yan'an democratic model is the new three principles of the people,aiming to build a new democratic anti-Japan democratic system including the democracy within the party and people's democracy.Yan'an democratic model still plays an important part in CPC's contemporary construction of democracy.%延安民主模式是中国共产党民主政治实践的光辉典范,其政治模式是"三三制"的抗日民主政权和各级参议制的直接选举制,经济模式主要体现在民主财政方面,文化模式主要指新民主主义的文化纲领。延安民主模式的最高原则是新三民主义,建立的是新民主主义的抗日民主制度,包括党内民主和人民民主两大部分。延安民主模式对于当代中国共产党推进民主政治建设具有重要意义。

  10. 中国党际政治协商问题的现状与对策分析%An Analysis on the Current Situation and Countermea-sure of China's Inter-party Political Consultation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨猛

    2013-01-01

      中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度是中国的一项基本政治制度。作为中国多党合作制度的重要内容和人民政协的主要职能,政治协商一直是共产党和民主党派积极探索的重大理论和现实问题。当前,加强党际政治协商,是实现政治协商法制化,加强民主党派自身建设,提升共产党执政能力建设的重要措施。%China's CPC-led multi-party cooperation and political consultation system is a basic political system in China. As an important part of multi-party cooperation system and a major function of the CPPCC, political consultation is always an impor-tant theoretical and realistic issue positively explored by the CPC and democratic parties. Currently, enhancing inter-party political consultation is an important measure to realize the legalization of political consultation, strengthen the construction of democratic parties and improve the governing capacity of the CPC.

  11. The Rise of the Democratic Party of Japan and Its Impact on Elements of Japanese Maritime Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Multilateralism: Prospects for Regional Stability, ed. Kent E. Calder and Francis Fukuyama (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008), 185. 13...as the Cold War was unfolding, some American policy makers (such as George Kennan ) viewed Japan as a center of industrial power. As a result, it...Agreements, Past and Present (Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2007), 101. 62 Steven Kent Vogel, “A New Direction in Japanese Defense Policy

  12. 美国民主党总统候选人奥巴马%Barack Obama: US Democratic Party's Presidential Candidate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱文江

    2008-01-01

    在美国总统大选民主党初选中,伊利诺伊州参议员巴拉克·奥巴马(Baraek Obama)以2128张党代表票击败了纽约州参议员希拉里·克林顿。虽然正式宣布提名的民主党代表大会还没有召开,但是奥巴马实际上已经获得了民主党初选的胜利,也因此成为美国历史上第一位被主要党派提名的非洲裔总统候选人,成为了一匹真正的政治“黑”马。奥巴马的获胜,出乎之前很多专家学者的预料。本文将从奥巴马的经历人手,考察他赢得初选的原因、总结其主要竞选纲领。

  13. The English Democrats Party ou l’émergence d’une nouvelle mouvance : le nationalisme autonomiste anglais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude BARBANTI

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available La réforme dite de dévolution (décentralisation, votée en 1997, a entraîné de multiples conséquences et transformations dans la vie politique britannique. Le système traditionnellement unitaire de Westminster s’en est trouvé profondément bouleversé. Pourtant, tandis que de nombreuses études furent menées sur les divers nouveaux aspects d’une Grande-Bretagne dévolue, peu se sont penchées sur les conséquences de cette nouvelle asymétrie constitutionnelle sur l’Angleterre. Lorsque des députés de circonscriptions « celtiques » (en Écosse ou au pays de Galles arrivent à influencer le résultat de votes sur des affaires exclusivement anglaises, certains députés d’Angleterre, à Westminster, ne peuvent que se sentir désarmés face au manque de dispositions constitutionnelles garantissant un statut particulier pour ce territoire. Dès lors, de cette « question anglaise » (« English Question », naîtra toute une nouvelle mouvance autonomiste entièrement dédiée à l’obtention d’un Parlement anglais.Devolution at the end of the 1990s has led to numerous consequences and transformations in British politics. The traditional and centralised Westminster system has been turned upside down, and many studies have been carried out on the various aspects of this new “devolved Britain”.Yet, few have paid attention to the English case. However, the constitutional asymmetry thus created has indeed also affected England. When Celtic MPs succeed to influence the outcome of votes on exclusively English matters, one can realise that there is no such thing as an English government. Therefore, some English MPs have felt the need to ask for an option of “English Votes on English Laws”. This article tries to demonstrate that a feeling of “resentment” emerges from this situation and leads to the birth of a new “English” nationalism, entirely dedicated to obtaining an English Parliament.

  14. Democracy Against Parties? Party System Deinstitutionalization in Colombia Democracia Contra Partidos? Desinstitucionalización del Sistema de Partidos en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Dargent

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that in Colombia, decentralization and electoral reforms adopted in the late 1980s and in the 1991 Constitution – designed to improve democratic quality – brought about a gradual deinstitutionalization of this country’s traditional party system as an unintended consequence. Building upon resource-based theories of party configuration, we contend that in developing countries, where resources are usually crucial for party aggregation, “democratizing” reforms designed to distribute power and resources in the political system can reduce local candidates’ incentives to join and remain loyal to political parties, particularly when those parties’ reputations are weak. In Colombia, these reforms (i reduced the power of intermediate-level party leaders over the distribution of selective incentives, making these leaders less important for local politicians, and (ii gave more political and financial autonomy to local candidates, reducing their need to join parties in order to advance their electoral goals. As a result, party cohesion and discipline become difficult to maintain, and the party system gradually deinstitutionalizes.Este trabajo argumenta que las reformas descentralizadoras y electorales adoptadas a fines de los años ochenta y en la Constitución de 1991 en Colombia – diseñadas para mejorar la calidad de la democracia-trajeron como consecuencia no esperada una desinstitucionalización gradual del sistema de partidos de dicho país. Trabajando a partir de teorías que resaltan el efecto de los recursos sobre la configuración partidaria, argumentamos que en países en vías de desarrollo, donde los recursos suelen ser cruciales para la agregación partidaria, las reformas “democratizadoras” diseñadas para distribuir poder y recursos en el sistema político pueden reducir los incentivos de los candidatos a nivel local para unirse y permanecer leales a los partidos políticos, especialmente cuando la

  15. On New Beginnings and Democratic Legitimacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Signe Larsen

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to discuss the enigma of revolutionary new political beginnings of constitutional orders. The problem is that when a political community is constituted, the act of constituting per definition is unconstitutional or extra-legal. For this reason the question of new beginnings is a political and not a legal question. The question of what the authority of the constituent act is presents an important question since the constitution is the fundamental law from which the legitimacy or authority of all other laws is derived. The problem for this paper is whether and in what way it is possible to think new beginnings that are not merely institutionalizations of factual relations of domination or arbitrary acts of violence. This problem is discussed on basis of two revolutionary theories in the tradition of constituent power—Emmanuel Sieyès and Hannah Arendt—that both understand power to emanate from below and not from above whereby they both, though in different way, present arguments against the understanding that new beginnings merely are institutionalizations of relations of domination and arbitrary acts of violence. The question of whether and to what extent they are successful and whether their theories are democratic will finally be discussed.

  16. Hierarchical majorana neutrinos from democratic mass matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Masaki J. S.

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, we obtain the light neutrino masses and mixings consistent with the experiments, in the democratic texture approach. The essential ansatz is that νRi are assumed to transform as "right-handed fields" 2R +1R under the S3L ×S3R symmetry. The symmetry breaking terms are assumed to be diagonal and hierarchical. This setup only allows the normal hierarchy of the neutrino mass, and excludes both of inverted hierarchical and degenerated neutrinos. Although the neutrino sector has nine free parameters, several predictions are obtained at the leading order. When we neglect the smallest parameters ζν and ζR, all components of the mixing matrix UPMNS are expressed by the masses of light neutrinos and charged leptons. From the consistency between predicted and observed UPMNS, we obtain the lightest neutrino masses m1 = (1.1 → 1.4) meV, and the effective mass for the double beta decay ≃ 4.5 meV.

  17. Nationalism, territory and extremism in party politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More specifica......In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More...... for realization of free speech rights and representation is also emphasized, and where proscription is seen as inimical to resolution of conflict underpinning violence. In the context of party competition, a winning coalition is required for one discourse to predominate. However, I also argued that both ideas...

  18. Secure Two-Party Computational Geometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shun-Dong Li; Yi-Qi Dai

    2005-01-01

    Secure Multi-party Computation has been a research focus in international cryptographic community in recent years. In this paper the authors investigate how some computational geometric problems could be solved in a cooperative environment, where two parties need to solve a geometric problem based on their joint data, but neither wants to disclose its private data to the other party. These problems are the distance between two private points, the relation between a private point and a circle area, the relation between a private point and an ellipse area and the shortest distance between two point sets. The paper gives solutions to these specific geometric problems, and in doing so a building block is developed,the protocol for the distance between two private points, that is also useful in the solutions to other geometric problems and combinatorial problems.

  19. Party Change in Chile in Comparative Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Angell

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article looks at the changes in party systems generally in modern democracies, and argues that many trends observed internationally - growing mistrust of parties, growing electoral de-alignment - are also observed in Chile. Hence any analysis of party change in Chile has to take into account what is happening in other countries with well-established party systems. The article argues that the comparison with the past tends to be limited to the exceptional 1964-1973 period and that a more extended analysis points to many continuities in the Chilean party system. Competing arguments over whether there is new party cleavage in Chile based on the opposition between support for authoritarianism or support for democracy are also examined*.Resumen Este artículo estudia los cambios generales en los sistemas de partidos en las democracias modernas y argumenta que muchas de las tendencias que se observan internacionalmente -como el aumento en la desconfianza en los partidos, o desalineaciones electorales cada vez mayores- también se observan en Chile. De esta forma, cualquier análisis de cambios en el sistema de partidos de Chile tiene que considerar lo que está sucediendo en otros países con sistemas de partidos bien establecidos. El artículo postula que la comparación del sistema de partidos chileno con el pasado reciente tiende a estar limitado al período excepcional 1964-1973 y que un análisis más extendido implicaría muchas más continuidades de las esperadas. También se cuestiona las nuevas discusiones sobre si existe o no una nueva fisura partidaria, basada en la oposición entre el apoyo y rechazo al sistema autoritario, o el apoyo a la democracia.

  20. Seleção de um modelo de referência de PDP para uma empresa de autopeças através de um método de auxílio à decisão por múltiplos critérios Selection of a PDP reference model to an auto parts company by means of multi-criteria techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Olegário de Paula

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O processo de desenvolvimento de produtos (PDP é um fator crítico de sucesso no lançamento de um novo produto para atender os requisitos dos clientes. A adoção de um modelo de referência serve como um guia detalhado para auxiliar as organizações na gestão e sistematização do PDP, através da sequência padronizada de etapas que são adaptadas de acordo com o tipo de produto que a empresa desenvolve. O objetivo deste artigo é selecionar um modelo de referência do processo de desenvolvimento de produtos para uma empresa do ramo de autopeças através de um método de auxílio à decisão por multicritério denominado Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. O método de pesquisa utilizado foi a modelagem, que diante de seis alternativas, três critérios e julgamento de cinco especialistas resultou na seleção do modelo de Rozenfeld et al. (2006 como o modelo mais indicado para realizar a análise do PDP da empresa objeto de estudo em pesquisas futuras.The Product Development Process (PDP is a critical success factor in launching a new product to meet customer requirements. The adoption of a reference model serves as a comprehensive guide to assist organizations in managing and systematization of the PDP, through standardized sequence of steps that are adapted to the type of product that the company develops. The aim of this paper is to select a reference model of the product development process for the auto part sector by establishing an aid to multi-criteria decision known as Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. The research method used was modeling, which before six alternatives, three criteria and trial of five experts resulted in the selection of Rozenfeld et al. (2006 reference model as the most suitable model to analyze the company's PDP selected as object of study in future research.

  1. Understanding and controlling morphology formation in Langmuir-Blodgett block copolymer films using PS-P4VP and PS-P4VP/PDP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perepichka, Iryna I; Lu, Qing; Badia, Antonella; Bazuin, C Geraldine

    2013-04-09

    This contribution offers a comprehensive understanding of the factors that govern the morphologies of Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) monolayers of amphiphilic diblock copolymers (BCs). This is achieved by a detailed investigation of a wide range of polystyrene-poly(4-vinyl pyridine) (PS-P4VP) block copolymers, in contrast to much more limited ranges in previous studies. Parameters that are varied include the block ratios (mainly for similar total molecular weights, occasionally other total molecular weights), the presence or not of 3-n-pentadecylphenol (PDP, usually equimolar with VP, with which it hydrogen bonds), the spreading solution concentration ("low" and "high"), and the LB technique (standard vs "solvent-assisted"). Our observations are compared with previously published results on other amphiphilic diblock copolymers, which had given rise to contradictory interpretations of morphology formation. Based on the accumulated results, we re-establish early literature conclusions that three main categories of LB block copolymer morphologies are obtained depending on the block ratio, termed planar, strand, and dot regimes. The block composition boundaries in terms of mol % block content are shown to be similar for all BCs having alkyl chain substituents on the hydrophilic block (such as PS-P4VP/PDP) and are shifted to higher values for BCs with no alkyl chain substituents (such as PS-P4VP). This is attributed to the higher surface area per repeat unit of the hydrophilic block monolayer on the water surface for the former, as supported by the onset and limiting areas of the Langmuir isotherms for the BCs in the dot regime. 2D phase diagrams are discussed in terms of relative effective surface areas of the two blocks. We identify and discuss how kinetic effects on morphology formation, which have been highlighted in more recent literature, are superposed on the compositional effects. The kinetic effects are shown to depend on the morphology regime, most strongly

  2. 'To quarterback behind the scenes, third-party efforts': the tobacco industry and the Tea Party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallin, Amanda; Grana, Rachel; Glantz, Stanton A

    2014-07-01

    The Tea Party, which gained prominence in the USA in 2009, advocates limited government and low taxes. Tea Party organisations, particularly Americans for Prosperity and FreedomWorks, oppose smoke-free laws and tobacco taxes. We used the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, the Wayback Machine, Google, LexisNexis, the Center for Media and Democracy and the Center for Responsive Politics (opensecrets.org) to examine the tobacco companies' connections to the Tea Party. Starting in the 1980s, tobacco companies worked to create the appearance of broad opposition to tobacco control policies by attempting to create a grassroots smokers' rights movement. Simultaneously, they funded and worked through third-party groups, such as Citizens for a Sound Economy, the predecessor of AFP and FreedomWorks, to accomplish their economic and political agenda. There has been continuity of some key players, strategies and messages from these groups to Tea Party organisations. As of 2012, the Tea Party was beginning to spread internationally. Rather than being a purely grassroots movement that spontaneously developed in 2009, the Tea Party has developed over time, in part through decades of work by the tobacco industry and other corporate interests. It is important for tobacco control advocates in the USA and internationally, to anticipate and counter Tea Party opposition to tobacco control policies and ensure that policymakers, the media and the public understand the longstanding connection between the tobacco industry, the Tea Party and its associated organisations. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  3. Cysticercosis in the Democratic Republic Of Congo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Dorny

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cysticercosis, caused by Taenia solium eggs, is a zoonotic disease whose consequences can be severe especially in the cerebral localisation (neuorcysticercosis. Indeed, neurocysticercosis is the first cause of epilepsy amongst the infectious etiology group. Following the increase of epilepsy cases in Kinshasa and Bas-Congo, it was important to assess the fraction attributable to neurocysticercosis especially as data on cysticercosis in Democratic Republic Of Congo (DRC dating from 1970.A joint study between veterinary and human doctors was conducted in the provinces of Bas-Congo and Kinshasa between 2008 and 2010. Blood samples were collected from the general population, patients with epilepsy and pigs. These samples were analysed using ELISA antigen in the laboratory of the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp. Patients positive to ELISA antigen took the CT scan exam for the confirmation of neurocysticercosis. In the province of Kinshasa, of 530 epileptic patients, 6.3% were identified as neurocysticercosis cases. Out of a total of 498 pigs, 38.9% were positive for cysticercosis. In the province of Bas- Congo, of 943 inhabitants from Malanga village, 21.6% were positive with predominance in males (26.4% versus 17.5%. A total of 145 pigs from 5 villages were examined and 41.2% found positive.We can conclude that cysticercosis in the DRC has been neglected for a long time and cysticercosis could be a real major public health problem. Prospective studies addressing the consequences of cysticercosis in communities are needed in order to prevent epilepsy due to neurocysticercosis.

  4. The Phonetic Rhetoric in The Garden Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪婷; 尹静

    2015-01-01

    Katherine Mansfield is a prominent modernist writer. The Garden Party is one of important short stories she wrote in 1921. The story is full of musicality. What’s more, the phonation, stress and intonation of words make the passage possess consis⁃tency with the growth of Laura’s inner heart, that is from excitement, hesitation to peaceful after realization.

  5. The Other Boston Tea Party. Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosal, Lorenca Consuelo; And Others

    A teachers' guide is presented that accompanies the video production of "The Other Boston Tea Party," a play used to teach about the U.S. Constitution and American legal and political systems. The play combines a comedy of manners with an historical approach to the issues surrounding the Federalist/Anti-Federalist debate over…

  6. 34 CFR 682.203 - Responsible parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Responsible parties. 682.203 Section 682.203 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOAN (FFEL) PROGRAM General Provisions § 682.203...

  7. Social media, parties, and political inequalities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, K.T.E.; Spierings, C.H.B.M.

    2016-01-01

    This book examines how social media have transformed politics in established democracies. Specifically, the authors examine the influence of the unique qualities of social media on the power balance between and within parties. They present a general theory as well as an in-depth case study of the Ne

  8. Third-Party Contract Negotiations for CEOs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Joe

    1990-01-01

    New and incumbent presidents sometimes are reticent about discussing the specifics of compensation and benefit packages. Third-party negotiators might help bring these issues into the open. A negotiation process and nine specific topics for inclusion in negotiation discussions are outlined. (Author/MSE)

  9. Political party affiliation, political ideology and mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pabayo, Roman; Kawachi, Ichiro; Muennig, Peter

    2015-05-01

    Ecological and cross-sectional studies have indicated that conservative political ideology is associated with better health. Longitudinal analyses of mortality are needed because subjective assessments of ideology may confound subjective assessments of health, particularly in cross-sectional analyses. Data were derived from the 2008 General Social Survey-National Death Index data set. Cox proportional analysis models were used to determine whether political party affiliation or political ideology was associated with time to death. Also, we attempted to identify whether self-reported happiness and self-rated health acted as mediators between political beliefs and time to death. In this analysis of 32,830 participants and a total follow-up time of 498,845 person-years, we find that political party affiliation and political ideology are associated with mortality. However, with the exception of independents (adjusted HR (AHR)=0.93, 95% CI 0.90 to 0.97), political party differences are explained by the participants' underlying sociodemographic characteristics. With respect to ideology, conservatives (AHR=1.06, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.12) and moderates (AHR=1.06, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.11) are at greater risk for mortality during follow-up than liberals. Political party affiliation and political ideology appear to be different predictors of mortality. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  10. LEGO for Two-Party Secure Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Orlandi, Claudio

    2009-01-01

    This paper continues the recent line of work of making Yao’s garbled circuit approach to two-party computation secure against an active adversary. We propose a new cut-and-choose based approach called LEGO (Large Efficient Garbled-circuit Optimization): It is specifically aimed at large circuits...

  11. 12 CFR 1705.3 - Eligible parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligible parties. 1705.3 Section 1705.3 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN... defined in section 15(a) of the Agricultural Marketing Act, 12 U.S.C. 1141j(a), with not more than...

  12. Electoral system, pesonal votes, and party choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    Using local elections in Denmark as an example this paper shows that individual party choice is influenced both by individual level, municipality level, and national level characteristics. Some hypotheses about the effects of the electoral system on personal votes derived from a theory by Carey...

  13. Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James R.; Takimoto, Ayaka; Kuroshima, Hika; Fujita, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    Increasing interest is being shown in how children develop an understanding of reciprocity in social exchanges and fairness in resource distribution, including social exchanges between third parties. Although there are descriptions of reciprocity on a one-to-one basis in other species, whether nonhumans detect reciprocity and violations of…

  14. Cornerstone Third Party Alternative Cost Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vrieling, P. Douglas [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2013-10-15

    The attached cost analyses sheets have been developed for use in planning during the Third Party Alternative study currently underway for the Sandia CREATE project. This cost analysis builds upon the previously submitted base estimate dated June 14, 2013 and includes comparison information collected during a Market Validation exercise conducted in August/September 2013.

  15. Electoral system, pesonal votes, and party choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    Using local elections in Denmark as an example this paper shows that individual party choice is influenced both by individual level, municipality level, and national level characteristics. Some hypotheses about the effects of the electoral system on personal votes derived from a theory by Carey...

  16. Collective members in West European political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez, José Manuel

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the collective members of political parties. Collective members can be defined as organizations having both full self-government rights and entitlements to decision-making processes in the political parties in which they are embedded. This article proposes a basic descriptive typology of collective members that takes into consideration their sociopolitical nature (party political or functional and their pattern of articulation within the party in which they are embedded (whether they help to articulate the whole party structure or not. It also illustrates these subtypes by examining European organizations that meet (or are close to meeting the main defining characteristics of collective members. This examination is based on the analysis of all parties that attained at least 4% of the votes in the last national parliamentary elections in 10 European countries. The article concludes with an analysis of the determinants and prospects of this type of party structure.Este artículo estudia los miembros colectivos de los partidos políticos. Los miembros colectivos pueden ser definidos como organizaciones que poseen a la vez derechos de autogobierno plenos y derecho a participar en los procesos de toma decisiones en el partido político en el que están integrados. El artículo propone una tipología descriptiva de los miembros colectivos que tiene en cuenta su naturaleza sociopolítica (partidista o funcional y su patrón de articulación dentro del partido en el que están integrados (si ayudan o no a articular el conjunto de la estructura partidaria. Asimismo, el artículo ilustra estos subtipos a partir del examen de varias organizaciones políticas europeas que cumplen (o se acercan a cumplir las características definitorias de los miembros colectivos. Este análisis se basa en el examen de todas las organizaciones políticas que alcanzaron más de un 4% de los votos en las últimas elecciones parlamentarias de 10 pa

  17. ORCODE. 77: a computer routine to control a nuclear physics experiment by a PDP-15 + CAMAC system, written in assembler language and including many new routines of general interest

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dickens, J.K.; McConnell, J.W.

    1977-03-29

    ORCODE.77 is a versatile data-handling computer routine written in MACRO (assembler) language for a PDP-15 computer with EAE (extended arithmetic capability) connected to a CAMAC interface. The Interrupt feature of the computer is utilized. Although the code is oriented for a specific experimental problem, there are many routines of general interest, including a CAMAC Scaler handler, an executive routine to interpret and act upon three-character teletype commands, concise routines to type out double-precision integers (both octal and decimal) and floating-point numbers and to read in integers and floating-point numbers, a routine to convert to and from PDP-15 FORTRAN-IV floating-point format, a routine to handle clock interrupts, and our own DECTAPE handling routine. Routines having specific applications which are applicable to other very similar applications include a display routine using CAMAC instructions, control of external mechanical equipment using CAMAC instructions, storage of data from an Analog-to-digital Converter, analysis of stored data into time-dependent pulse-height spectra, and a routine to read the contents of a Nuclear Data 5050 Analyzer and to prepare DECTAPE output of these data for subsequent analysis by a code written in PDP-15-compiled FORTRAN-IV.

  18. Struggling for the Soul of the Nation: Educational Policy, Democratic Leadership, and Radical Democracy in Neoliberal Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Carlos Alberto

    2010-01-01

    Two conditions are crucial in preparing radical democratic leaders for a democratic society. In this article, the author argues against instrumental rationality and for radical democratic leaders with a critical perspective in education and schools.

  19. The role of the hospital in the health policy of the German Social Democratic movement before World War I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labisch, A

    1987-01-01

    In this article, the author aims to contrast the traditional architecture-oriented history of hospitals with an empirical sociohistorical approach. The main topic discussed is the hospital's role in health policy as seen by German Social Democrats in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Social democratic hospital policy developed as a compromise between two extreme positions: the party theoretician's abstract ideals on the one side and the rank and file's pragmatic view on the other. Thus, the social history of the hospital can illustrate how, around the turn of the century, the political labor movement in Germany shifted from radical revolutionary aims to pragmatic social reform in everyday political practice. At the same time, the hospital underwent a fundamental social change from a charity institution to a municipal center of modern medical care. This implies that any static or one-sided interpretation of the hospital's history and sociology is inadequate: its social role constantly changes according to broader social change and different interests of social groups and organizations. As for the social history of medicine in general, modern medicine's development can not be adequately understood from the narrow perspective of medical institutions themselves. It has to be seen in the broader context of socioeconomic and sociocultural development.

  20. TRANSITIONAL PARADIGM AS AN EXPLANATION FOR THE DEMOCRATIZATION PROCESSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerti Sqapi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Over the last quarter of the century, the transitional paradigm (or the approach of the transition has been a dominant paradigm that has greatly influenced different studies on democratization. The purpose of this paper, in a general perspective, is to conduct an analysis of the transitional paradigm, assumptions, key concepts, and hypotheses developed thereof, in order to evaluate the validity or at least be able to understand and explain the processes of democratization wave that affected third world countries.  Development of literature and studies within the conceptual framework of this paradigm was mainly conducted during the period of what is known as “the third wave of democratization.” Explanation and direction of change from autocratic to democratic regimes, evident in those countries affected by the third wave, were the main claim of the transition approach.  This paper attempts to investigate the validity of the conceptual framework of this approach with respect to the interpretation (and change of directions of the democratization processes in these countries.

  1. A Society of Patriotic Ladies: the Edenton Tea Party

    OpenAIRE

    Cusack, Tricia

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines a relatively little-known revolutionary event in British colonial America known as the Edenton tea party that took place on 25 October in Edenton, North Carolina ten months after its more famous namesake, the Boston Tea Party. Like the Boston tea party the Edenton tea party was an explicitly political event aimed at a new tax on tea imposed by the East India Company. However, unlike the Boston tea party the Edenton tea party solely involved women, the key participants bein...

  2. Populism in Iceland: Has the Progressive Party turned populist?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eiríkur Bergmann

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Though nationalism has always been strong in Iceland, populist political parties did not emerge as a viable force until after the financial crisis of 2008. On wave of the crisis a completely renewed leadership took over the country’s old agrarian party, the Progressive Party (PP, which was rapidly transformed in a more populist direction. Still the PP is perhaps more firmly nationalist than populist. However, when analyzing communicational changes of the new postcrisis leadership it is unavoidable to categorize the party amongst at least the softer version of European populist parties, perhaps closest to the Norwegian Progress Party.

  3. The New Federalism of Mexico’s Party System El Nuevo Federalismo en el Sistema de Partidos Mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Cantú

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Federalism is widely lauded for its ability to manage deep social divisions and promote efficient policy in democratic systems, but it has been criticized for its impact on party system nationalization. In this paper, we explore the role of formal and informal institutions on party system nationalization in the Mexican political system, focusing on legislative politics. In Mexico, an end of one-party rule transformed the nature of center–periphery relations, empowering subnational actors and giving them incentives to act on the national stage. Using an original dataset, we show that these changes resulted in national parties dividing along state lines on policy decisions, and that the magnitude of these divisions depends primarily on 1 the informal centralization of career resources, 2 the extent to which parties are ideological and programmatic, and 3 the personal vote incentives of electoral rules.El federalismo es reconocido como un sistema capaz de manejar divisiones sociales y promover políticas eficientes en los sistemas democráticos. Este artículo examina el sistema político mexicano y explora el papel de las instituciones formales e informales en la nacionalización del sistema de partidos, particularmente en la dinámica legislativa. El fin del sistema de partido dominante en México transformó la relación entre el centro y la periferia, empoderando a los actores subnacionales y concediéndoles incentivos en la arena nacional. Utilizando una base de datos original, este artículo demuestra que esos cambios son el resultado de fragmentaciones estatales dentro de los partidos nacionales. La magnitud de estas fracturas dependen de 1 la centralización informal de las carreras políticas de los diputados, 2 la relevancia de la ideología dentro de cada partido, y 3 los incentivos del sistema electoral para que exista el voto personal.

  4. Study of the electric field and wall voltage in a high pressure ac-PDP cell by laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Yan; K. W. Whang; J. H. Yang; D. C. Jeong; C.H.Ha; Y.W. Choi

    2004-01-01

    The electric field in a surface discharge type ac-PDP cell with He or He/Xe(0.1%) mixture has been measured over a wide range of pressure (5 50kP1 using laser induced fluorescence detection. The wall voltage was estimated from the measured electric field. The Stark manifolds of triplet atomic helium Rydberg state (2s3S) with principal quantum numbers (n=8 and 9) have been used to measure the electric field, as the lifetime of 2s3S is longer than the single atomic helium Rydberg state (2s1S) in high pressure discharge. Comparison of the Stark manifolds between the n=9 and n=8shows that the measurement accuracy of electric field can be increased by 10%. The maximum electric field strength during discharge and the wall voltage at the end of pulse decreases with the increase of pressure. The comparison of He and He/Xe(0.1%) discharge at 13kPa showed that He/Xe gas mixture discharge can accumulate more wall charge on MgO surface and the electric field was somewhat higher than those of pure helium discharge during pulse off period under the same discharge conditions.

  5. Cyanogel-derived N-doped C nanosheets immobilizing Pd-P nanoparticles: One-pot synthesis and enhanced hydrogenation catalytic performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hao; Yan, Xiaohong; Huang, Yundi; Zhang, Mengru; Tang, Yawen; Sun, Dongmei; Xu, Lin; Wei, Shaohua

    2017-02-01

    For Pd-based nanocatalysts, stabilization of Pd nanoparticles on carbon support could not only effectively avoid particle aggregation and maintain catalytic stability during catalytic processes, but also facilitate enhancing the catalytic activity due to the synergy between Pd nanoparticles and carbon support. Furthermore, the incorporation of non-metal of phosphorus (P) into Pd could effectively modulate the electronic structure of Pd and thus help to boost the catalytic properties. However, one-pot synthesis of such nanohybrids remains a great challenge due to the distinct physiochemical properties of Pd, P and C components. Herein, we demonstrate a one-pot and scalable synthesis of highly dispersed PdP alloy nanoparticle-immobilized on N-doped graphitic carbon nanosheets (abbreviated as Pd-P@N-C nanosheets) by using inorganic-organic hybrid cyanogel as a reaction precursor. In virtue of both compositional and structural advantages, the as-synthesized Pd-P@N-C nanosheets manifest a superior catalytic activity and stability toward the hydrogenation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP). We believe that the present work will provide a feasible and versatile strategy for the development of efficient catalysts for environmental remediation and can also be extendable to other carbon-based nanohybrids with desirable functionalities.

  6. Sustain and address discharge characteristics of AC-PDP with MgO surface coated by MgO nano crystal powders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, J H; Park, C S; Park, H D; Tae, H S; Lee, S H

    2013-05-01

    This paper examined the sustain and address discharge characteristics of ac-PDPs with MgO surface coated by MgO nano crystal powders. The MgO nano crystal powder was deposited by about 5% on the MgO surface by using the spray method. To investigate the effects of the partial addition of MgO nano crystal powders on the sustain discharge as well as the address discharge, the luminance, IR spectra of 823, 828 nm, cathodoluminance, and firing voltage were measured with the measurement of the address delay times and wall voltage variation in the 42-inch ac-PDP module with a high Xe content of 17%. As a result, the statistical delay characteristics were improved considerably especially under the low panel temperature of -5 degrees C for the MgO surface with MgO nano crystal powder. However, both MgO surfaces with and without the MgO nano crystal powder showed almost similar sustain and address discharge characteristics except the statistical delay characteristics.

  7. Discuss About The thought of Marx and Engels on the Inner-party Democracy%马克思恩格斯关于党内民主的思想论析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程晋富

    2012-01-01

    Marx and Engels were not only the founders of the Proletarian Party,but also they had given a detailed explanation for the building of the Proletarian Party,particularly for the inner-party democracy,developed distinctive characteristics of the inner-party democracy theory.The principle of democracy,democratic system and democratic environment are extremely important three aspects in Marx Engels's proletarian democracy theory.The same as the proletarian party democracy ecological function elements,the principle of democracy is the cornerstone of democracy,democratic system is the guarantee,the environment is the condition.%马克思恩格斯不仅是无产阶级政党的创始人,而且对无产阶级政党的建设特别是党内民主进行了集中而详细地阐释,形成了特色鲜明的无产阶级政党党内民主理论。在马克思恩格斯的无产阶级政党民主理论中,党内的民主原则、民主制度以及民主环境是极其重要的三个方面。同为无产阶级政党民主政治生态的运行要素,民主原则是基石,民主制度是保障,民主环境是条件。

  8. Political Market Orientation and Strategic Party Postures in Danish Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ormrod, Robert P.; Henneberg, Stephan

    2011-01-01

    Ideologist. Thus, Party A exhibits a mismatch between strategic orientation and implemented organisational profile, based on configuration theory. The results were generally stable across political activity levels. Originality/value – The study contributes to understanding the concept of market orientation...... variables needs to be established to assess the extent to which the organisational alignment results in competitive advantages for a party. Practical implications – Whilst there exists a general cohesiveness within parties regarding the overall strategic posture, political managers need to be aware......Purpose – This paper investigates the relationship between the strategic postures and political market orientation profile of two Danish parties. Profile stability at the organisational level is used as a control variable. Design/methodology/approach – The strategic political postures of two Danish...

  9. Kuwentong Buhay ng Isang Pambansa- Demokratikong Rebolusyonaryong Bakla sa Rehiyon ng Katimugang Mindanao (A Life Story of a Gay National-Democratic Revolutionary in Southern Mindanao Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rowell D. Madula

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In February 2005, the New People’s Army facilitated its f irst gay (male to male marriage in Compostela Valley. Guerillas Ka Jose and Ka Andres have sworn before the red flag to become partners as they wage a nationaldemocratic revolution. Members of the LGBT community have long been deprived of their right to marry persons they love. The stance of the Roman Catholic Church remains the biggest hurdle why same-sex marriage in the Philippines has yet to be allowed. Despite this, there are still some who are pushing for this. The national-democratic revolution of the Communist Party of the Philippinesnew People’s Army-National Democratic Front of the Philippines (CPP-NPANDFP is one of the most organized removolution in the history of the country. Aside from political and economic changes, the group is also pushing for a cultural revolution. This includes changes in the ideological perspective to and among members of the LGBT community. This study attempts to analyze the life and experiences of gay members of the CPP-NPA-NDFP from the Southern Mindanao Region. Experiences from gender identif ication until the participation to the national-democratic revolution are part of the life story.

  10. Bobbio na história das idéias democráticas Bobbio in the history of democratic ideas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assis Brandão

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Norberto Bobbio tem duas inserções fundamentais na teoria da democracia. Uma como teórico da democracia ética e participativa, em seu período acionista - em que pertencia ao Partido da Ação, nos anos 40 do século passado; e outra, como teórico do procedimentalismo democrático, a partir de meados da década de 1950. Cada uma dessas formas particulares de concepção do regime democrático insere-se em tradições diferentes no âmbito da referida teoria. Este artigo tenta mostrar quais são essas tradições e o modo particular de inserção de ambas as concepções do autor no interior das mesmas.Norberto Bobbio has two fundamental insertions in democratic theory. One, as a thinker of participative democracy, in his actionist period - when he was a member of the Party of Action, in the forties of the last century; the other, as a thinker of democratic proceduralism, since the middle of the fifties. Each of those particular forms of democratic regime conceptions inserts itself in different traditions. This article intents to situate those traditions and the particular way that Bobbio’s conceptions cross with them.

  11. Democratic elements in group and project organized PBL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, Palle

    2006-01-01

    Students in a democratic learning system as the Aalborg Model knows of and uses democratics skills as e.g. the ability to discuss and accept other points of view, negotiate, compromise, reach consensus or accept the result of a vote in striving to reach specific common or personal learning goals,...... that students make decisions related to learning and learning goals, learning processes and behaviour after discussions and so called rounds which indicates hat they develop democratic skill useful in social relations....... learning system. It contrasts it to an authoritarian or elitist systems. Then it brings the results from an investigation of 9 process analyses’ written at the end of the second semester 2005 by project groups from The Technical Natural Scientific Basic Year at Aalborg University and concludes...

  12. Team Work and Democratic Learning in Projectmanagement Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lidon, Ivan; Rebollar, Ruben; Qvist, Palle

    of Zaragoza, which makes it possible to detect problems of teamwork functioning in groups while they develop their projects, in order to prevent possible failure once projects are completed. The Democratic Learning Questionnaire developed at Aalborg University, which studies the decision-making process within...... project groups in order to obtain an indication of the degree of student participation in a democratic learning system. The results obtained have confirmed the validity of the first questionnaire for the early detection of teamwork functioning problems in groups. The second questionnaire has made....... The functioning of a team will be characterized, among other things, by the way it is organized and the way decisions are reached within it. A new term has appeared lately to refer to this concept: Democratic Learning. This paper shows the results obtained in an experiment carried out at the Universities...

  13. Gender, religion and democratic politics in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Zoya

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the impact of identity politics on gender equality. More specifically it explores the paradoxical and complex relationship of religion and politics in a multi-religious society and the complicated ways in which women's activism has both reinforced and challenged their gender identities. Contrary to the argument that religious politics does not always negate gender equality, the article argues that the Hindu religious politics and women's activism associated with it provides a compelling example of the instrumentalisation of women to accomplish the political goals of the Hindu right. It also examines the approach and strategies of influential political parties, women's organisations and Muslim women's groups towards legal reform and the contested issue of a uniform civil code. Against those who argue that, in the current communal conjuncture, reform within Muslim personal laws or Islamic feminism is the best strategy for enhancing the scope of Muslim women's rights, the article argues that such an approach tends to freeze identities within religious boundaries. It shows how women's and minority rights are used within the politics of religion to sideline the agenda of women's rights.

  14. the doctrine of party autonomy in international commercial arbitration

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RAYAN_

    1. INTRODUCTION. Conflict is unavoidable in human relationships. ..... efficiency and fairness in the dispute resolution process while allowing parties to exercise ..... evolved to act as checks and balances on the principle of party autonomy,.

  15. Party and candidate websites: A comparative explanatory analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruikemeier, S.; Aparaschivei, A.P.; Boomgaarden, H.G.; van Noort, G.; Vliegenthart, R.

    2015-01-01

    This study provides a systematic investigation of party and candidate websites across five countries. It examines three prominent features of current online political communication (interactivity, political personalization, and mobilization). Furthermore it assesses to what extent country, party, an

  16. Asynchronous Multi-Party Computation with Quadratic Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirt, Martin; Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Przydatek, Bartosz

    2008-01-01

    We present an efficient protocol for secure multi-party computation in the asynchronous model with optimal resilience. For n parties, up to t computed with communication complexity O(cn^2k) bits, which...

  17. Constitutions and Democratic Consolidation: Brazil in Comparative Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-03-31

    Sistema Eleitoral no Brasil (Sao Paulo: Simbolo, 1980). A more recent analysis of this and broader themes of the parties is Glaucio Dillon Soares...assembly. On the flexibility of the parties see Bolivar Lamounier and Rachel Meneguello, "Partidos politicos e consolidacao democratica: 0 caso Brasileiro

  18. «Rotten boroughs» and democratization. The municipal elections of April of 1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Villa García

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Until 1979, the local elections of April 1933 were the last of a democratic nature to be held in Spain. Their importance is determined, moreover, for being the most sincere expression of rural democracy, which had previously been mediated by mechanisms such as «the encasillado» and Article 29 of the electoral act of 1907. In this article we analyze these elections, which until now lacked an overall treatment, using not only secondary sources or press, but also official papers. With these documents, we were able to reconstruct electoral results that were, up until then, still incomplete and fragmentary. Our goal is to measure the degree of politicization of a significant sample of the rural electorate in the 30´s, after half a century of representative liberal regime, through the reconstruction of the process leading to these elections, the organization of political parties in rural towns and the correlation of forces due to alliances, the nature of the propaganda used and the presence of vote-distorting elements (governmental intervention, political violence, etcetera. Another point of focus is whether this politicization tended to consolidate the foundations of the current constitutional model and the ruling coalition or, on the contrary, if it was a reactive phenomenon, carried out by forces of the opposition, both republican and conservative. In general, after the reconstruction of the final results and considering nuances, this text leans more towards the second interpretation, although the intensity varied from one region to another.

  19. The Types of Argument Structure Used by Hillary Clinton in the CNN Democratic Presidential Debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggie Angeline

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This qualitative research was conducted to examine the types of argument structure by Hillary Clinton in part one of the CNN Democratic Presidential Debate since Hillary, who had a great deal of experiences in political parties, was supposed to be able to construct convincing arguments that had good argument structures. The theories used to analyze were Bierman and Assali’s (1996, King’s (n.d. and Stanlick’s (2003. The findings showed that there were five types of argument structure used: serial, linked, convergent, divergent, and hybrid argument structures. The linked argument structure was the argument structure used the most frequently in Hillary’s utterances in the debate, while the divergent was the least one. Thus, it could be concluded that Hillary’s speech in the Presidential Debate was quite interesting since she could combine all the five types of argument structure, though the frequency of using them was not the same and it seems that linked argument structure was the most effective strategy for her in arguing about the politic, economy, and social issues.

  20. Public funding of political parties when campaigns are informative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortín, Ignacio Ortuño; Schultz, Christian

    ’s dependence on vote shares induces fur- ther moderation and improves welfare. If parties are asymmetric, vote share dependent public funding bene…ts the large party and makes it moderate its candidate, while the smaller party reacts by choosing a more extremist candidate. On balance, however, if the parties...... are not too asymmetric, an increase in vote share dependent funding improves welfare and increases the likelihood that a moderate candidate wins the election...

  1. Ombuds’ corner: the third party, the institution

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    “The Ombuds shall provide confidential assistance for the informal resolution of interpersonal issues, in the interests of the good functioning of CERN.”*   In any institution, conflicts are inevitable. They can, however, offer an opportunity for a positive resolution. Relationships in a workplace are generally better and stronger between people who have been able to reach a positive resolution of their disagreement, than they are between people who get along moderately well. However, in disputes involving two antagonistic parties, people often forget that there is actually a third party behind the scenes: the institution. It is sometimes surprising to see that even people holding management responsibilities or hierarchical positions in projects fight each other, and completely forget that they are accountable for the good functioning of CERN. Commitment and professionalism are part of the five priority values of CERN, as expressed in its Code of Conduct: “Promot...

  2. Multi-Party Pseudo-Telepathy

    CERN Document Server

    Brassard, G; Tapp, A; Brassard, Gilles; Broadbent, Anne; Tapp, Alain

    2003-01-01

    Quantum entanglement, perhaps the most non-classical manifestation of quantum information theory, cannot be used to transmit information between remote parties. Yet, it can be used to reduce the amount of communication required to process a variety of distributed computational tasks. We speak of pseudo-telepathy when quantum entanglement serves to eliminate the classical need to communicate. In earlier examples of pseudo-telepathy, classical protocols could succeed with high probability unless the inputs were very large. Here we present a simple multi-party distributed problem for which the inputs and outputs consist of a single bit per player, and we present a perfect quantum protocol for it. We prove that no classical protocol can succeed with a probability that differs from 1/2 by more than a fraction that is exponentially small in the number of players. This could be used to circumvent the detection loophole in experimental tests of nonlocality.

  3. REFLECTIONS ON WAGAR ' S WORLD PARTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Bergesen

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Our task is to reflect upon Wagar's idea of a world party. In case such reflections are affected by the recent historical situation of the collapse of communism/existing socialism in 1989 and the implications this has for visions of progressive politics going into the 21st century. This event colors most political thinking, although for many the response has been that existing socialism was not real socialism, or that existing socialism was but the Stalinist deformation that, if avoided in the future, the 1917 project could again be resumed and human history and social relations remade anew. I don't see it that way. What existing socialism stood for in terms of the role of a vanguard party taking state power for the larger good is, now after the fall, I think off the board as a realistic program that can be sold to anyone.

  4. Misplaced Priorities: Gutmann's Democratic Theory, Children's Autonomy, and Sex Education Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corngold, Josh

    2011-01-01

    This paper offers a critique of the "democratic state of education" proposed by Amy Gutmann in her influential book "Democratic Education". In the democratic state of education, educational authority is shared among the state, parents and educational professionals; and educational objectives are geared toward equipping future citizens to…

  5. A Capabilities Based Critique of Gutmann's Democratic Interpretation of Equal Educational Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCesare, Tony

    2016-01-01

    One of Amy Gutmann's important achievements in "Democratic Education" is her development of a "democratic interpretation of equal educational opportunity." This standard of equality demands that "all educable children learn enough to participate effectively in the democratic process." In other words, Gutmann demands…

  6. General polygamy inequality of multi-party quantum entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Jeong San

    2012-01-01

    Using entanglement of assistance, we establish a general polygamy inequality of multi-party entanglement in arbitrary dimensional quantum systems. For multi-party closed quantum systems, we relate our result with the monogamy of entanglement to show that the entropy of entanglement is an universal entanglement measure that bounds both monogamy and polygamy of multi-party quantum entanglement.

  7. 39 CFR 955.20 - Unexcused absence of a party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unexcused absence of a party. 955.20 Section 955.20 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE BEFORE THE POSTAL SERVICE BOARD OF CONTRACT APPEALS § 955.20 Unexcused absence of a party. The unexcused absence of a party at the...

  8. 41 CFR 102-78.30 - Who are consulting parties?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who are consulting... Preservation § 102-78.30 Who are consulting parties? As more particularly described in 36 CFR 800.2(c), consulting parties are those parties having consultative roles in the Section 106 process (i.e., Section 106...

  9. 48 CFR 552.270-3 - Parties To Execute Lease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parties To Execute Lease... Parties To Execute Lease. As prescribed in 570.602, insert the following provision: Parties To Execute Lease (SEP 1999) (a) If the lease is executed by an attorney, agent, or trustee on behalf of the...

  10. The proscription of parties and the problem with 'militant democracy'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    2012-01-01

    In 2003, Spain banned the political party Herri Batasuna and its successors Euskal Herritarrok and Batasuna for integration in the Basque separatist terrorist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna. Since then, eleven other parties or electoral groupings deemed successors to the illegal parties have also been...

  11. A Practical Guide to Preventing and Dispersing Underage Drinking Parties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This guide describes the role of enforcement and community organizations or groups in preventing underage drinking parties and how to safely disperse them. It describes the problem of underage drinking, in general, and youth-drinking parties in particular. It provides step-by-step information on how to address underage drinking parties and how to…

  12. The Dark Side of Altruistic Third-Party Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibbrandt, Andreas; Lopez-Perez, Raul

    2011-01-01

    This article experimentally studies punishment from unaffected third parties in ten different games. The authors show that third-party punishment exhibits several features that are arguably undesirable. First, third parties punish strongly a decider if she chooses a socially efficient or a Pareto efficient allocation and becomes the richest party…

  13. THE ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: THE CASE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF MALAYA (1948–1960 – A SPECIAL BRANCH PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon Comber

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The origins of the Malayan Emergency (1948–1960 have been debated over the years in both the academic world and in the intelligence community. This paper incorporates the contemporaneous views of the Malayan Special Branch that have not been recorded previously. It also examines the role of Lawrence (Lance Sharkey, the acting Secretary-General of the Australian Communist Party, who was in Singapore en route back to Australia after attending the February 1948 Conferences in Singapore, in allegedly passing instructions to the Communist Party of Malaya (CPM to revolt against the British colonial government in Malaya. The essay will conclude that there is little evidence of any direct Soviet intervention in the decision made by the CPM to revolt, and it will argue that the decision to resort to armed conflict was made after its failure to establish a Communist People’s Democratic Republic by “open front” activities.

  14. More Polarized but More Independent: Political Party Identification and Ideological Self-Categorization Among U.S. Adults, College Students, and Late Adolescents, 1970-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twenge, Jean M; Honeycutt, Nathan; Prislin, Radmila; Sherman, Ryne A

    2016-10-01

    In three nationally representative surveys of U.S. residents (N = 10 million) from 1970 to 2015, more Americans in the early 2010s (vs. previous decades) identified as Independent, including when age effects were controlled. More in the early 2010s (vs. previous decades) expressed polarized political views, including stronger political party affiliation or more extreme ideological self-categorization (liberal vs. conservative) with fewer identifying as moderate. The correlation between party affiliation and ideological views grew stronger over time. The overall trend since the 1970s was toward more Americans identifying as Republican or conservative. Older adults were more likely to identify as conservative and Republican. More Millennials (born 1980-1994) identify as conservative than either GenXers or Boomers did at the same age, and fewer are Democrats compared with Boomers. These trends are discussed in the context of social identification processes and their implications for the political dynamics in the United States.

  15. Inter-party agenda-setting in the Belgian parliament: the role of party characteristics and competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vliegenthart, R.; Walgrave, S.; Meppelink, C.

    2011-01-01

    In this article we explore the inter-party agenda-setting dynamics in the Belgian parliament during the period 1993-2000 and investigate whether and when parties respond to the attention paid to issues by other parties in parliament. We rely on an elaborate coding of parliamentary questions and inte

  16. Inter-party agenda-setting in the Belgian parliament: the role of party characteristics and competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Vliegenthart; S. Walgrave; C. Meppelink

    2010-01-01

    In this article we explore the inter-party agenda-setting dynamics in the Belgian parliament during the period 1993-2000 and investigate whether and when parties respond to the attention paid to issues by other parties in parliament. We rely on an elaborate coding of parliamentary questions and inte

  17. Assessing the European Parliament’s Democratic Credentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Vitkovitch

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Doubts persist about the democratic legitimacy and role of the European Parliament in EU decision-making – this article takes a critical look at the body’s democratic credentials. An analysis of voter turnout and the impact the ‘Spitzenkandidaten process’ had on the second-order nature of European elections suggests that the European Parliament suffers from lower turnout than national counterparts, and that the 2014 European elections remained a second-order affair, in spite of the Parliament’s efforts. Existing data and analysis show that while the European Parliament to does a reasonable job translating citizens’ views in relation to left/right issues, the Parliament is more supportive of EU integration than citizens – new data gathered suggest the lack of congruence is pronounced. The European Parliament’s institutional framework set by the Treaties affects its choices, its more limited role in certain areas may lead it to adopt policy positions that are at odds with citizens’ views and security. Ultimately, the European Parliament does not enhance the democratic nature of the EU. The adoption of a more intergovernmental approach to EU decision-making at the expense of the European Parliament would help improve the democratic credentials of EU decision making, and as a minimum further expansion of the Parliament’s powers should be avoided.

  18. Democratic Life Skill 1: Guiding Children to Find a Place

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gartrell, Dan

    2012-01-01

    "Democratic life skills" are social-emotional capacities that children need to be productive citizens and healthy individuals in a modern, diverse society. The construct for these skills comes from many sources. One helpful source is Maslow's concept of two coexisting sets of motivational needs in each individual: one set for security, belonging,…

  19. Educational Conservatism and Democratic Citizenship in Hannah Arendt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihaila, Ramona; Popescu, Gheorghe H.; Nica, Elvira

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to gain a deeper understanding of Arendt's educational philosophy, her perspective of political involvement as a kind of political education, and natality as the fundamental nature of education. The current study has extended past research by elucidating Arendt's view of participatory democratic politics, her…

  20. Twenty years of revolutionary democratic Ethiopia, 1991 to 2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagmann, Tobias; Abbink, Jon

    2011-01-01

    with a short summary of these 11 papers, but then moves to a substantive review of Ethiopia's political history over the past two decades, featuring consideration of the extent of transformation and continuity under the ruling Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), the importance...