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Sample records for del maslach burnout

  1. Evidencia de validez factorial del Maslach Burnout Inventory y estudio de los niveles de burnout en profesionales sanitarios

    OpenAIRE

    Guillermo A. Cañadas-de la Fuente; Concepción San Luis; Luis Manuel Lozano; Cristina Vargas; Inmaculada García; Emilia I. de la Fuente

    2014-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se quieren conocer los niveles de burnout y variables relacionadas con el síndrome en un grupo de profesionales sanitarios. Los objetivos de la investigación fueron la obtención de evidencias de validez factorial del Maslach Burnout Inventory, la estimación de la prevalencia y la identificación de factores de riesgo de burnout en un grupo de profesionales sanitarios. Se realizó un estudio transversal, cuantitativo y exploratorio. Los datos corresponden a una muestra de ...

  2. Propiedades psicométricas del Maslach Burnout Inventory-GS en una muestra multiocupacional venezolana

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    Anthony Constant Millán de Lange

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Psychometric properties of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-GS in a Venezuelan sampleThe assessment of work stress is one of the most important aspects in the current scope of occupational psychological health, especially when it comes to chronic levels of involvement.Here are the results of the Venezuelan psychometric validation of the Cuban version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS. Results show adequate reliability of the instrument and suggest the need to remove item 1 to ensure its construct validity.Some indicators reveal the divergent criterion validity of the MBI-GS on the degree of the participant’s psychological well-being.

  3. The factor structure of the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kirstam

    The factor structure of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Human Services Survey across a sample of client service employees. C. Steyn. 6ABSTRACT. 12The negative consequences of burnout in the client service environment point to the importance of further research into the manner in which the unique challenges faced by ...

  4. La prevención del Burnout en las organizaciones : el chequeo preventivo de Leiter y Maslach

    OpenAIRE

    Gascón, Santiago; Olmedo Montes, Margarita; Ciccotelli, Héctor

    2003-01-01

    El burnout, o síndrome de quemarse en el trabajo, ha alcanzado proporciones epidémicas en el mundo laboral. Dadas las graves consecuencias que este fenómeno tiene, tanto para la salud de los trabajadores, como para el buen funcionamiento de las organiz

  5. Burnout risk in medical students in Spain using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galán, Fernando; Sanmartín, Arturo; Polo, Juan; Giner, Lucas

    2011-04-01

    It is questionable whether the Maslach Burnout is suitable for studying burnout prevalence in preclinical medical students because many questions are patient-centered and the students have little or no contact with patients. Among factors associated with burnout in medical students, the gender shows conflicting results. The first aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the risk of burnout in medical students in preclinical and clinical years of training, using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, specifically designed and validated to assess the burnout in university students, and secondly, to investigate the association between gender and burnout subscales. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 270 Spanish medical students-176 (65%) in the third year and 94 (35%) in the sixth year of training-using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey questionnaire. Internal consistencies (Cronbach's alpha) for the three subscales on the whole sample were as follows: for exhaustion 0.78, cynicism 0.78, and efficacy 0.71. Moreover, the prevalence of burnout risk was significantly higher in sixth-year students 35 (37.5%) compared with students in third year of training 26 (14.8%) (χ(2) test, p burnout subscales. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey overcame difficulties encountered when students have little or no contact with patients. Our findings show that the risk of burnout prevalence doubled from the third year to sixth year of training and that gender was not significantly associated with any of the subscales of burnout.

  6. Entrevista con Christina Maslach: reflexiones sobre el síndrome de Burnout (Interview with Christina Maslach: reflexions on Burnout Syndrome

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    Arturo Juárez García

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Christina Maslach es una de las investigadoras pioneras del síndrome de burnout y autora del Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, el instrumento más utilizado para medir este fenómeno. Su trayectoria incluye un gran número de artículos y libros en este tema, posee múltiples distinciones tales como «profesora del año» por la fundación Carnegie, «el premio a la distinción en la enseñanza» por la Universidad de California Berkeley, «Fellow» por la Asociación Americana de Avance de la Ciencia, y otros liderazgos académicos tales como Vice-rectora de licenciatura en Berkeley, presidenta del senado académico, entre otros. La presente entrevista se realizó en México, en septiembre de 2010, cuando participó como conferencista magistral en el XV Congreso Nacional de Salud en el Trabajo, realizado en Ixtapa Zihuatanejo.

  7. Validation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - general survey : an Internet study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, A.B.; Demerouti, E.; Schaufeli, W.B.

    2002-01-01

    This study examined the factorial validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS; Schaufeli et al., Maslach Burnout Inventory Manual, pp. 19-26. Consulting Psychologists Press, CA) in eight different occupational groups of employees (N=2919), who were recruited through the

  8. The clinical utility of the Maslach Burnout Inventory in a clinical population

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    Kleijweg, J.H.M.; Verbraak, M.J.P.M.; Dijk, M.K. van

    2013-01-01

    This replication study examines the use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-GS), a self-report questionnaire on burnout, as a clinical diagnostic instrument for measuring clinical burnout. The MBI and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), a semistructured interview based on

  9. Inventário de burnout de Maslach para estudantes portugueses

    OpenAIRE

    Maroco, João; Tecedeiro, Miguel Moreira Vaz

    2009-01-01

    O Maslach Burnout Inventory – Student Survey adaptado por Schaufeli, Martinez et al., 2002 a partir do Maslach Burnout Inventory – General Survey foi traduzido e adaptado para a lingua portuguesa.A avaliação das qualidades psicométricas da Escala de Burnout para Estudantes foi feita numa amostra de 654 estudantes universitários. A Escala de Burnout para Estudantes revelou uma adequada validade factorial e fiabilidade na amostra sob estudo revelando-se um instrumento sensível, ...

  10. Validez factorial de Maslach Burnout Inventory (versión castellana en educadores costarricenses (FACTORIAL VALIDITY OF MASLACH BURNOUT INVENTORY (SPANISH VERSION IN COSTA RICA’S TEACHERS

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    Alvarado Calderón Kathia

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El estudio que aquí publicamos se inscribe en el proyecto: Condiciones laborales y calidad de vida del docente: Un estudio acerca del estrés laboral de los docentes de escuelas públicas del cantón central de la provincia de Cartago. 724-A5-053, en el marco del Programa de Investigación para el Mejoramiento de los Procesos de Enseñanza y Aprendizaje del Instituto de Investigaciones en Educación (INIE de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Se indagó acerca del proceso de “Quemado en el trabajo” a través del Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI en su adaptación al castellano, y se elige este instrumento por la difusión de su uso. La investigación se realizó con la participación voluntaria de 131 maestros y maestras de escuelas públicas, del cantón central de la provincia de Cartago. De estos, 113 son mujeres, 12 varones (6 casos no respondieron. A través del análisis factorial, y el análisis de confiabilidad de Cronbach, se determinó la fiabilidad y la validez de los instrumentos. Los resultados obtenidos indican que el Inventario de Burnout presenta algunas dificultades en cuanto a su confiabilidad, en lo que respecta a la subescala de despersonalización, pero de confiabilidad aceptable para las subescalas de agotamiento emocional y de realización en el trabajo. Como resultados, la población, si bien no presenta agotamiento emocional en el trabajo, manifiesta algunos indicadores de un proceso de estrés laboral, en estos casos con dificultades para sobrellevar las demandas propias del trabajo pero que no son consideradas parte de su actividad profesional.Abstract: The study we publish here is inscribed in the project Teachers’ labor conditions and quality of life: A study about the work-related stress of public school teachers in the central county of the province of Cartago, 724-A5-053, in the framework of the Research Program to Improve Teaching and Learning of the Institute of Research in Education (INIE of the

  11. VALIDEZ FACTORIAL DE MASLACH BURNOUT INVENTORY (VERSIÓN CASTELLANA EN EDUCADORES COSTARRICENSES

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    Kathia Alvarado Calderón

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio que aquí publicamos se inscribe en el proyecto: Condiciones laborales y calidad de vida del docente: Un estudio acerca del estrés laboral de los docentes de escuelas públicas del cantón central de la provincia de Cartago. 724-A5-053, en el marco del Programa de Investigación para el Mejoramiento de los Procesos de Enseñanza y Aprendizaje del Instituto de Investigaciones en Educación (INIE de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Se indagó acerca del proceso de "Quemado en el trabajo" a través del Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI en su adaptación al castellano, y se elige este instrumento por la difusión de su uso. La investigación se realizó con la participación voluntaria de 131 maestros y maestras de escuelas públicas, del cantón central de la provincia de Cartago. De estos, 113 son mujeres, 12 varones (6 casos no respondieron. A través del análisis factorial, y el análisis de confiabilidad de Cronbach, se determinó la fiabilidad y la validez de los instrumentos. Los resultados obtenidos indican que el Inventario de Burnout presenta algunas dificultades en cuanto a su confiabilidad, en lo que respecta a la subescala de despersonalización, pero de confiabilidad aceptable para las subescalas de agotamiento emocional y de realización en el trabajo. Como resultados, la población, si bien no presenta agotamiento emocional en el trabajo, manifiesta algunos indicadores de un proceso de estrés laboral, en estos casos con dificultades para sobrellevar las demandas propias del trabajo pero que no son consideradas parte de su actividad profesional.

  12. Validation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey for Estimating Burnout in Dental Students.

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    Montiel-Company, José María; Subirats-Roig, Cristian; Flores-Martí, Pau; Bellot-Arcís, Carlos; Almerich-Silla, José Manuel

    2016-11-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) as a tool for assessing the prevalence and level of burnout in dental students in Spanish universities. The survey was adapted from English to Spanish. A sample of 533 dental students from 15 Spanish universities and a control group of 188 medical students self-administered the survey online, using the Google Drive service. The test-retest reliability or reproducibility showed an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of 0.95. The internal consistency of the survey was 0.922. Testing the construct validity showed two components with an eigenvalue greater than 1.5, which explained 51.2% of the total variance. Factor I (36.6% of the variance) comprised the items that estimated emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Factor II (14.6% of the variance) contained the items that estimated personal accomplishment. The cut-off point for the existence of burnout achieved a sensitivity of 92.2%, a specificity of 92.1%, and an area under the curve of 0.96. Comparison of the total dental students sample and the control group of medical students showed significantly higher burnout levels for the dental students (50.3% vs. 40.4%). In this study, the MBI-HSS was found to be viable, valid, and reliable for measuring burnout in dental students. Since the study also found that the dental students suffered from high levels of this syndrome, these results suggest the need for preventive burnout control programs.

  13. Burnout Study of Clinical Nurses in Vietnam: Development of Job Burnout Model Based on Leiter and Maslach's Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Huong Thi Thu; Kitaoka, Kazuyo; Sukigara, Masune; Thai, Anh Lan

    2018-03-01

    This study aimed to create a Vietnamese version of both the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and Areas of Worklife Scale (AWS) to assess the burnout state of Vietnamese clinical nurses and to develop a causal model of burnout of clinical nurses. We conducted a descriptive design using a cross-sectional survey. The questionnaire was hand divided directly by nursing departments to 500 clinical nurses in three hospitals. Vietnamese MBI-GS and AWS were then examined for reliability and validity. We used the revised exhaustion +1 burnout classification to access burnout state. We performed path analysis to develop a Vietnamese causal model based on the original model by Leiter and Maslach's theory. We found that both scales were reliable and valid for assessing burnout. Among nurse participants, the percentage of severe burnout was 0.7% and burnout was 15.8%, and 17.2% of nurses were exhausted. The best predictor of burnout was "on-duty work schedule" that clinical nurses have to work for 24 hours. In the causal model, we also found similarity and difference pathways in comparison with the original model. Vietnamese MBI-GS and AWS were applicable to research on occupational stress. Nearly one-fifth of Vietnamese clinical nurses were working in burnout state. The causal model suggested a range of factors resulting in burnout, and it is necessary to consider the specific solution to prevent burnout problem. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  14. Maslach Burnout Inventory and a Self-Defined, Single-Item Burnout Measure Produce Different Clinician and Staff Burnout Estimates.

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    Knox, Margae; Willard-Grace, Rachel; Huang, Beatrice; Grumbach, Kevin

    2018-06-04

    Clinicians and healthcare staff report high levels of burnout. Two common burnout assessments are the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and a single-item, self-defined burnout measure. Relatively little is known about how the measures compare. To identify the sensitivity, specificity, and concurrent validity of the self-defined burnout measure compared to the more established MBI measure. Cross-sectional survey (November 2016-January 2017). Four hundred forty-four primary care clinicians and 606 staff from three San Francisco Aarea healthcare systems. The MBI measure, calculated from a high score on either the emotional exhaustion or cynicism subscale, and a single-item measure of self-defined burnout. Concurrent validity was assessed using a validated, 7-item team culture scale as reported by Willard-Grace et al. (J Am Board Fam Med 27(2):229-38, 2014) and a standard question about workplace atmosphere as reported by Rassolian et al. (JAMA Intern Med 177(7):1036-8, 2017) and Linzer et al. (Ann Intern Med 151(1):28-36, 2009). Similar to other nationally representative burnout estimates, 52% of clinicians (95% CI: 47-57%) and 46% of staff (95% CI: 42-50%) reported high MBI emotional exhaustion or high MBI cynicism. In contrast, 29% of clinicians (95% CI: 25-33%) and 31% of staff (95% CI: 28-35%) reported "definitely burning out" or more severe symptoms on the self-defined burnout measure. The self-defined measure's sensitivity to correctly identify MBI-assessed burnout was 50.4% for clinicians and 58.6% for staff; specificity was 94.7% for clinicians and 92.3% for staff. Area under the receiver operator curve was 0.82 for clinicians and 0.81 for staff. Team culture and atmosphere were significantly associated with both self-defined burnout and the MBI, confirming concurrent validity. Point estimates of burnout notably differ between the self-defined and MBI measures. Compared to the MBI, the self-defined burnout measure misses half of high-burnout clinicians and more

  15. Burnout Study of Clinical Nurses in Vietnam: Development of Job Burnout Model Based on Leiter and Maslach's Theory

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    Huong Thi Thu Nguyen, RN, MPH

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This study aimed to create a Vietnamese version of both the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS and Areas of Worklife Scale (AWS to assess the burnout state of Vietnamese clinical nurses and to develop a causal model of burnout of clinical nurses. Methods: We conducted a descriptive design using a cross-sectional survey. The questionnaire was hand divided directly by nursing departments to 500 clinical nurses in three hospitals. Vietnamese MBI-GS and AWS were then examined for reliability and validity. We used the revised exhaustion +1 burnout classification to access burnout state. We performed path analysis to develop a Vietnamese causal model based on the original model by Leiter and Maslach's theory. Results: We found that both scales were reliable and valid for assessing burnout. Among nurse participants, the percentage of severe burnout was 0.7% and burnout was 15.8%, and 17.2% of nurses were exhausted. The best predictor of burnout was “on-duty work schedule” that clinical nurses have to work for 24 hours. In the causal model, we also found similarity and difference pathways in comparison with the original model. Conclusion: Vietnamese MBI-GS and AWS were applicable to research on occupational stress. Nearly one-fifth of Vietnamese clinical nurses were working in burnout state. The causal model suggested a range of factors resulting in burnout, and it is necessary to consider the specific solution to prevent burnout problem. Keywords: burnout, nurses, Vietnam

  16. Burnout Study of Clinical Nurses in Vietnam: Development of Job Burnout Model Based on Leiter and Maslach's Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Huong Thi Thu Nguyen, RN, MPH; Kazuyo Kitaoka, PhD; Masune Sukigara, PhD; Anh Lan Thai, PhD

    2018-01-01

    Purpose: This study aimed to create a Vietnamese version of both the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and Areas of Worklife Scale (AWS) to assess the burnout state of Vietnamese clinical nurses and to develop a causal model of burnout of clinical nurses. Methods: We conducted a descriptive design using a cross-sectional survey. The questionnaire was hand divided directly by nursing departments to 500 clinical nurses in three hospitals. Vietnamese MBI-GS and AWS were then exam...

  17. Does the Maslach Burnout Inventory correlate with cognitive performance in anesthesia practitioners? A pilot study

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    Eleonora Francesca Orena

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chronic stress is a common condition among health-care operators, anesthetists in particular. It is known to cause cognitive weakening and pathological outcomes, as the Burnout syndrome. Nevertheless, the impact of clinicians′ health on their performance has received limited attention thus far. Our pilot study, aims at evaluating the influence of burnout on the cognitive performance in a population of anesthesia practitioners. Methods: In 18 practitioners we assessed attention by means of reaction times (RTs, pre- and post-shift, with a five-subtest computerized neuropsychological battery. RTs were controlled for the situational anxiety with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory X1. The burnout level was evaluated with the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. The three MBI sub-scores (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and professional achievement were combined to obtain two groups according to the burnout score (high and low. Results: Anesthetists showed a significantly worse performance in the fifth test post-shift (P=0.041 than pre-shift. The high-score burnout group reacted slower than the low-score burnout group in three of the five cognitive subtests, without reaching a statistical significance. Nevertheless, our effect size, which is independent from the sample size, is very large (d=1.165. Conclusion: We found that in a population of health-care operators, burnout may affect the cognitive and potentially, the working performance. Qualitative and quantitative measurements should be integrated to ensure a better management of burnout and its consequences in workplaces.

  18. French validation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faye-Dumanget, Christine; Carré, Julie; Le Borgne, Margaux; Boudoukha, Pr Abdel Halim

    2017-12-01

    Several international studies have been conducted on student burnout. To contribute to the clinical examination as well as research on the mental health of students, the MBI-SS (Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey) has been validated and used in different countries but not in French. The aim of this study is to examine the validity of the 3-dimensional model of the French version of the MBI-SS, which is characterized by emotional "Emotional Exhaustion" (EE); "Cynicism" (CY); and low scores in "Academic Efficacy" (AE). A total of 667 university students were questioned to study the 3-dimensional structure of the French translation of the MBI-SS. The results validate the 3-dimensional structure of the MBI-SS and indicate satisfactory psychometric values. It is concluded that the MBI-SS can be used to assess burnout in French students. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. Constructing the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey: Confirmatory factor analysis.

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    Tsubakita, Takashi; Shimazaki, Kazuyo

    2016-01-01

    To examine the factorial validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, using a sample of 2061 Japanese university students majoring in the medical and natural sciences (67.9% male, 31.8% female; Mage  = 19.6 years, standard deviation = 1.5). The back-translated scale used unreversed items to assess inefficacy. The inventory's descriptive properties and Cronbach's alphas were calculated using SPSS software. The present authors compared fit indices of the null, one factor, and default three factor models via confirmatory factor analysis with maximum-likelihood estimation using AMOS software, version 21.0. Intercorrelations between exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy were relatively higher than in prior studies. Cronbach's alphas were 0.76, 0.85, and 0.78, respectively. Although fit indices of the hypothesized three factor model did not meet the respective criteria, the model demonstrated better fit than did the null and one factor models. The present authors added four paths between error variables within items, but the modified model did not show satisfactory fit. Subsequent analysis revealed that a bi-factor model fit the data better than did the hypothesized or modified three factor models. The Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey needs minor changes to improve the fit of its three factor model, but the scale as a whole can be used to adequately assess overall academic burnout in Japanese university students. Although the scale was back-translated, two items measuring exhaustion whose expressions overlapped should be modified, and all items measuring inefficacy should be reversed in order to statistically clarify the factorial difference between the scale's three factors. © 2015 The Authors. Japan Journal of Nursing Science © 2015 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.

  20. The Psychometric Characteristics of Maslach Burnout Inventory Student Survey: A Study Students of Isfahan University

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    Zeinab Rostami

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: In order to fill the gap of tool for measurement of student burnout in Iran, this study was performed on the 238 female students of Isfahan university that were selected by simple random sampling. Materials and Methods: The inventory is including 15 items and three subscales. Data were presented by analytical and descriptive statistic and draw table. In order to determine reliability of MBI-SS were used internal consistency method and test-retest. Results: Coefficient Cronbach's alpha for the exhaustion, cynicism and academic efficacy respectively was 88, 90, 84 (p<0.05 and showed good internal consistency. Also test-retest reliability about 4 weeks later, obtaining a reliability coefficient of 89, 84 and 67 (p<0.01 respectively for exhaustion, cynicism and academic efficacy. Principle component factor analysis with exploration method with warimax rotation was used to determine construct validity. In order to check the concurrent validity and divergent validity of this inventory were used respectively from the University Student Depression Inventory and the researcher made of scale interest to academic filed and coefficients for the exhaustion, cynicism and academic efficacy respectively were obtained -21, -53, -32 (p<0.01. Also concurrent validity for exhaustion, cynicism and academic efficacy respectively were obtained 74, 68 and 50 (p<0.01. Conclusion: This finding was that the Maslach burnout inventory-student survey is a valid and reliable instrument to measure academic burnout girls.

  1. On the clinical validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Burnout Measure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaufeli, WB; Bakker, A B; Hoogduin, K; Schaap, C; Kladler, A

    2001-01-01

    Current knowledge about burnout suffers from a healthy worker bias since only working - and thus relatively healthy - employees have been investigated. The main objective of this study is to examine - for the first time among employees who sought psychological treatment - the validity of the two

  2. Assessment of burnout in veterinary medical students using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educational Survey: a survey during two semesters.

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    Chigerwe, Munashe; Boudreaux, Karen A; Ilkiw, Jan E

    2014-11-28

    Burnout among veterinary students can result from known stressors in the absence of a support system. The objectives of this study were to evaluate use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator Survey (MBI-ES) to assess burnout in veterinary students and evaluate the factors that predict the MBI-ES scores. The MBI-ES was administered to first (Class of 2016) and second year (Class of 2015) veterinary medical students during the 2012-2013 academic year in the fall and spring semesters. Factor analysis and test reliability for the survey were determined. Mean scores for the subscales determining burnout namely emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) and lack of personal accomplishment (PA) were calculated for both classes in the 2 semesters. Multiple regression analysis was performed to evaluate other factors that predict the MBI-ES scores. A non-probability sampling method was implemented consisting of a voluntary sample of 170 and 123 students in the fall and spring semesters, respectively. Scores for EE, DP and PA were not different between the 2 classes within the same semester. Mean ± SD scores for EE, DP and PA for the fall semester were 22.9 ± 9.6, 5.0 ± 4.8 and 32.3 ± 6.7, respectively. Mean ± SD scores for EE, DP and PA the spring semester were 27.8 ± 10.7, 6.5 ± 6.1and 31.7 ± 6.8, respectively. The EE score was higher in spring compared to fall while DP and PA scores were not different between the 2 semesters. Living arrangements specifically as to whether or not a student lived with another veterinary medical students was the only variable significantly associated with the MBI-ES scores. Students in this study had moderate levels of burnout based on the MBI-ES scores. The MBI-ES was an acceptable instrument for assessing burnout in veterinary medical students. The EE scores were higher in the spring semester as compared to the fall semester. Thus students in the first and second years of veterinary school under the current curriculum

  3. [Validity and internal consistency of the Maslach Burnout Inventory in Dental Students from Cartagena, Colombia].

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    Simancas-Pallares, Miguel Angel; Fortich Mesa, Natalia; González Martínez, Farith Damián

    To determine the internal consistency and content validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) in dental students from Cartagena, Colombia. Scale validation study in 886 dental students from Cartagena, Colombia. Factor structure was determined through exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Internal consistency was measured using the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Analyses were performed using the Stata v.13.2 for Windows (Statacorp., USA) and Mplus v.7.31 for Windows (Muthén & Muthén, USA) software. Internal consistency was α=.806. The factor structure showed three that accounted for the 56.6% of the variance. CFA revealed: χ 2 =926.036; df=85; RMSEA=.106 (90%CI, .100-.112); CFI=.947; TLI=.934. The MBI showed an adequate internal consistency and a factor structure being consistent with the original proposed structure with a poor fit, which does not reflect adequate content validity in this sample. Copyright © 2016 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  4. Factorial validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS among Spanish professionals

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    Gil-Monte Pedro R

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the factorial validity and internal consistency of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS. METHODS: In a sample consisting of 705 Spanish professionals from diverse occupational sectors (health, education, police and so one, seven plausible factorial models hypothesized were compared using LISREL 8. RESULTS: The four-factor oblique solution and the three-factor oblique solution showed the best and similar fit. Deletion of Item 12 and Item 16, taking into consideration the suggestions in the manual, improved the goodness of fit for both models. The four-factor oblique model suggests that, in addition to Emotional Exhaustion (EE and Depersonalization (DP, Personal Accomplishment (PA consists of two components labeled here Self-Competence (Items 4, 7, 17, and 21 and the Existential Component (Items 9, 12, 18, and 19. However, the alpha coefficient was relatively low for the Self-Competence component, suggesting that it is more suitable to estimate the syndrome as a threedimensional construct. The Cronbach's alpha was satisfactory for PA (alpha =.71 and EE (alpha =.85, and moderate for DP (alpha =.58. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the MBI-HSS offers factorial validity and its scales present internal consistency to evaluate the quality of working life for Spanish professionals.

  5. Structural validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and influence of depressive symptoms in banking workplace: Unfastening the occupational conundrum.

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    Valente, Maria do Socorro da Silva; Wang, Yuan-Pang; Menezes, Paulo Rossi

    2018-06-04

    Burnout and mental disorders have been reported in the financial industry. This study aims to examine the structural validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and to investigate the connection between the dimensions of burnout and depressive symptoms in a sample of 1046 bank employees from North Brazil who completed the MBI and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to cross-check the factorial structure of the MBI. One-way analysis of variance and correlation analysis were applied to elucidate the relationship between burnout and depressive symptoms. Both 3-factor and 4-factor oblique solutions were plausible EFA models of the burnout syndrome. Results of CFA supported the 19-item 4-factor structure as the best fitting model to data, with two exhaustion factors ("exhausted" and "strained"), depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. The PHQ-9 total score and individual score of depressive items were significantly correlated with all MBI dimensions, notably with the emotional exhaustion dimension. The moderate-to-high correlation observed between burnout and depression suggest the potential utility of the MBI for evaluating burnout among bank employees as well as to point out the need to evaluate systematically the burnout and depressive symptoms given to their potential association. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  6. Psychometric properties of a Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory General Survey (UBOS) in individuals with work-related problems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roelofs, J.; Verbraak, M.J.P.M.; Keijsers, G.P.J.; Bruin, M.B.N. de; Schmidt, A.J.M.

    2005-01-01

    Psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory General Survey, the MBI-DV, were examined in individuals with and without clinical burnout. The factor structure, the utility of the MBI-DV as a screening instrument in addition to a clinical interview for diagnosing

  7. Can the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale be used to screen for risk of long-term sickness absence?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roelen, C. A. M.; van Hoffen, M. F. A.; Groothoff, J. W.; de Bruin, J.; Schaufeli, W. B.; van Rhenen, W.

    To investigate the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) for their ability to identify non-sicklisted employees at increased risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA). One-year prospective cohort study including 4,921 employees participating

  8. Can the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale be used to screen for risk of long-term sickness absence?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roelen, C. A M; van Hoffen, M. F A; Groothoff, J. W.; de Bruin, J.; Schaufeli, W. B.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/073779563; van Rhenen, W.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the Maslach Burnout Inventory—General Survey (MBI—GS) and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) for their ability to identify non-sicklisted employees at increased risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA). Methods: One-year prospective cohort study including 4,921

  9. Can the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale be used to screen for risk of long-term sickness absence?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roelen, C. A. M.; van Hoffen, M. F. A.; Groothoff, J. W.; de Bruin, J.; Schaufeli, W. B.; van Rhenen, W.

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) for their ability to identify non-sicklisted employees at increased risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA). One-year prospective cohort study including 4,921 employees participating

  10. Prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout en personal sanitario militar

    OpenAIRE

    Cáceres Bermejo, Gloria Gema

    2011-01-01

    Christina Maslach y Susan E. Jackson en 1981 definieron el burnout como “un síndrome de cansancio emocional, despersonalización y baja realización personal, que puede ocurrir entre individuos que trabajan con personas”. Elaboraron un instrumento de medida, el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI): cuestionario autoadministrado constituido por 22 ítems referentes a sentimientos personales y actitudes del profesional hacia las personas a las que ofrece su servicio y hacia su trabajo. El objetivo prin...

  11. A cautionary note about the cross-national and clinical validity of cut-off points for the Maslach Burnout Inventory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaufeli, W B; Van Dierendonck, D

    1995-06-01

    In the present study, burnout scores of three samples, as measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory, were compared: (1) the normative American sample from the test-manual (N = 10,067), (2) the normative Dutch sample (N = 3,892), and (3) a Dutch outpatient sample (N = 142). Generally, the highest burnout scores were found for the outpatient sample, followed by the American and Dutch normative samples, respectively. Slightly different patterns were noted for each of the three components. Probably sampling bias, i.e., the healthy worker effect, or cultural value patterns, i.e., femininity versus masculinity, might be responsible for the results. It is concluded that extreme caution is required when cut-off points are used to classify individuals by burnout scores; only nation-specific and clinically derived cut-off points should be employed.

  12. Burnout Syndrome Among Medical Students at One University in Serbia: Validity and Reliability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilic, Milena; Todorovic, Zeljko; Jovanovic, Milena; Ilic, Irena

    2017-01-01

    The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) contains 15 items that evaluate the following burnout dimensions: Emotional Exhaustion, Cynicism, and Academic Efficacy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dimensionality of the MBI-SS on a sample of Serbian medical students (N = 760). The overall Cronbach's α coefficient of the MBI-SS questionnaire was 0.757, while the Cronbach's α coefficients for Emotional Exhaustion, Cynicism, and Academic Efficacy were 0.869, 0.856, and 0.852, respectively. Principal Component Analysis with Oblimin rotation indicated 3 main components that explained 64.9% variance. The confirmatory factor analysis revealed good fit indices (χ 2 /df = 575.74/87, RMSEA = 0.086 (90% Confidence Interval for RMSEA = 0.079 to 0.092), CFI = 0.949, NNFI = 0.939, IFI = 0.949, GFI = 0.904) of the MBI-SS scale. The Serbian version of MBI-SS represents a valid and reliable instrument in the Serbian sample of medical students.

  13. Adaptação transcultural Portugal-Brasil do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para estudantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar a adaptação transcultural da versão em português do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para estudantes e investigar sua confiabilidade, validade e invariância transcultural. MÉTODOS: A validação de face envolveu participação de equipe multidisciplinar. Foi realizada validação de conteúdo. A versão em português foi preenchida em 2009, pela internet, por 958 estudantes universitários brasileiros e 556 portugueses da zona urbana. Realizou-se análise fatorial confirmatória utilizando-se como índices de ajustamento o χ²/df, o comparative fit index (CFI, goodness of fit index (GFI e o root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA. Para verificação da estabilidade da solução fatorial conforme a versão original em inglês, realizou-se validação cruzada em 2/3 da amostra total e replicada no 1/3 restante. A validade convergente foi estimada pela variância extraída média e confiabilidade composta. Avaliou-se a validade discriminante e a consistência interna foi estimada pelo coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. A validade concorrente foi estimada por análise correlacional da versão em português e dos escores médios do Inventário de Burnout de Copenhague; a divergente foi comparada à Escala de Depressão de Beck. Foi avaliada a invariância do modelo entre a amostra brasileira e a portuguesa. RESULTADOS: O modelo trifatorial de Exaustão, Descrença e Eficácia apresentou ajustamento adequado (χ²/df = 8,498; CFI = 0,916; GFI = 0,902; RMSEA = 0,086. A estrutura fatorial foi estável (λ: χ²dif = 11,383, p = 0,50; Cov: χ²dif = 6,479, p = 0,372; Resíduos: χ²dif = 21,514, p = 0,121. Observou-se adequada validade convergente (VEM = 0,45;0,64, CC = 0,82;0,88, discriminante (ρ² = 0,06;0,33 e consistência interna (α = 0,83;0,88. A validade concorrente da versão em português com o Inventário de Copenhague foi adequada (r = 0,21;0,74. A avaliação da validade divergente do instrumento foi prejudicada

  14. Diagnóstico del Síndrome de Burnout en trabajadores del Centro de Inmunología y Biopreparados Diagnostic of burnout Syndrome in Workers at inmunology and blood by products center

    OpenAIRE

    Yury Rosales Ricardo; Dailín Cobos Valdes

    2011-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio transversal entre marzo y abril de 2011 con 40 trabajadores del Centro de Inmunología y Biopreparados de Holguín a los cuales se les aplicó la encuesta de Maslach Burnout Inventory con el objetivo de diagnosticar el Síndrome de Burnout en esta población. De la muestra analizada, ocho trabajadores fueron diagnosticados con Síndrome de Burnout, de estos, cuatro con una evaluación de medio y cuatro con alto, representando el 20% del total. El Síndrome de Burnout fue más fre...

  15. [Factorial structure and psychometric criteria of the German translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory--Student Version by Schaufeli et al. (MBI-SS)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumz, Antje; Erices, Rainer; Brähler, Elmar; Zenger, Markus

    2013-02-01

    The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) is the most commonly used instrument in research on burnout. For the German translation of the MBI student version (MBI-SS), the postulated 3-factorial structure of the questionnaire could be confirmed using confirmatory analyses. The internal consistencies of the scales can be classified as good. First findings underline the construct validity of the questionnaire. As expected, burnout was associated with psychic and somatic complaints as well as with experienced social support. Couples reported higher "Efficiency" levels. Academic studies became less important with increasing duration. Time pressure during the last month was correlated with "Exhaustion". The presented findings on factorial structure and validity speak for the applicability of MBI-SS for research projects on students of German institutes of higher education. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  16. Evaluating the Psychometric Properties of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) among Italian Nurses: How Many Factors Must a Researcher Consider?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loera, Barbara; Converso, Daniela; Viotti, Sara

    2014-01-01

    Background The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) is the mainstream measure for burnout. However, its psychometric properties have been questioned, and alternative measurement models of the inventory have been suggested. Aims Different models for the number of items and factors of the MBI-HSS, the version of the Inventory for the Human Service sector, were tested in order to identify the most appropriate model for measuring burnout in Italy. Methods The study dataset consisted of a sample of 925 nurses. Ten alternative models of burnout were compared using confirmatory factor analysis. The psychometric properties of items and reliability of the MBI-HSS subscales were evaluated. Results Item malfunctioning may confound the MBI-HSS factor structure. The analysis confirmed the factorial structure of the MBI-HSS with a three-dimensional, 20-item assessment. Conclusions The factorial structure underlying the MBI-HSS follows Maslach’s definition when items are reduced from the original 22 to a 20-item set. Alternative models, either with fewer items or with an increased number of latent dimensions in the burnout structure, do not yield better results to justify redefining the item set or theoretically revising the syndrome construct. PMID:25501716

  17. Diagnóstico del Síndrome de Burnout en trabajadores del Centro de Inmunología y Biopreparados Diagnostic of burnout Syndrome in Workers at inmunology and blood by products center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yury Rosales Ricardo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio transversal entre marzo y abril de 2011 con 40 trabajadores del Centro de Inmunología y Biopreparados de Holguín a los cuales se les aplicó la encuesta de Maslach Burnout Inventory con el objetivo de diagnosticar el Síndrome de Burnout en esta población. De la muestra analizada, ocho trabajadores fueron diagnosticados con Síndrome de Burnout, de estos, cuatro con una evaluación de medio y cuatro con alto, representando el 20% del total. El Síndrome de Burnout fue más frecuente en mujeres, trabajadoras de oficina de nivel superior y medio superior entre los 26 y los 52 años de edad. La aplicación de la herramienta de Maslach permitió diagnosticar el Síndrome de Burnout en los trabajadores de esta entidad entre trabajador de oficina y de producción y servirá como base para la toma de decisiones administrativas en aras de mejorar la calidad del principal recurso de una empresa: el hombre.A transversal study was carried out between March and April 2011, with 40 workers of the Immunology and Blood Products Center in Holguín, to whom we applied the Maslach Burnout Inventory Test to determinate Burnout Syndrome. Eight of these workers were diagnosed with Burnout Syndrome, 4 of which had a medium evaluation and 4 which had a high evaluation, representing 20% of the total. Women had more Burnout Syndrome than men and were office workers with medium-high school, between 26 and 52 years old. The application of this test allowed us to diagnose the Burnout Syndrome in office and production workers of the Immunology and Blood Products Center in Holguin. This tool will be useful in management decisions to improve the quality of life the company's main resource: the human being.

  18. Prevalencia del síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout) en odontólogos mexicanos del sector educativo y privado Prevalence of the syndrome of professional exhaustion (burnout) in mexican dentists of the education sector and private

    OpenAIRE

    Enrique Castañeda Aguilera; Javier Eduardo García de Alba García

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia del síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout) en odontólogos del sector educativo y privado. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, mediante el censo del personal odontológico de la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, México de la Universidad de Guadalajara y los que ejercen la práctica privada, donde participaron 135 de ellos aplicándoseles una ficha de identificación y el Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey en fo...

  19. Psychometric Properties of the Serbian Version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey: A Validation Study among Anesthesiologists from Belgrade Teaching Hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matejić, Bojana; Milenović, Miodrag; Kisić Tepavčević, Darija; Simić, Dušica; Pekmezović, Tatjana; Worley, Jody A

    2015-01-01

    We report findings from a validation study of the translated and culturally adapted Serbian version of Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS), for a sample of anesthesiologists working in the tertiary healthcare. The results showed the sufficient overall reliability (Cronbach's α = 0.72) of the scores (items 1-22). The results of Bartlett's test of sphericity (χ(2) = 1983.75, df = 231, p Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure of sampling adequacy (0.866) provided solid justification for factor analysis. In order to increase sensitivity of this questionnaire, we performed unfitted factor analysis model (eigenvalue greater than 1) which enabled us to extract the most suitable factor structure for our study instrument. The exploratory factor analysis model revealed five factors with eigenvalues greater than 1.0, explaining 62.0% of cumulative variance. Velicer's MAP test has supported five-factor model with the smallest average squared correlation of 0,184. This study indicated that Serbian version of the MBI-HSS is a reliable and valid instrument to measure burnout among a population of anesthesiologists. Results confirmed strong psychometric characteristics of the study instrument, with recommendations for interpretation of two new factors that may be unique to the Serbian version of the MBI-HSS.

  20. Psychometric Properties of the Serbian Version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey: A Validation Study among Anesthesiologists from Belgrade Teaching Hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojana Matejić

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We report findings from a validation study of the translated and culturally adapted Serbian version of Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS, for a sample of anesthesiologists working in the tertiary healthcare. The results showed the sufficient overall reliability (Cronbach’s α = 0.72 of the scores (items 1–22. The results of Bartlett’s test of sphericity (χ2 = 1983.75, df = 231, p<0.001 and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure of sampling adequacy (0.866 provided solid justification for factor analysis. In order to increase sensitivity of this questionnaire, we performed unfitted factor analysis model (eigenvalue greater than 1 which enabled us to extract the most suitable factor structure for our study instrument. The exploratory factor analysis model revealed five factors with eigenvalues greater than 1.0, explaining 62.0% of cumulative variance. Velicer’s MAP test has supported five-factor model with the smallest average squared correlation of 0,184. This study indicated that Serbian version of the MBI-HSS is a reliable and valid instrument to measure burnout among a population of anesthesiologists. Results confirmed strong psychometric characteristics of the study instrument, with recommendations for interpretation of two new factors that may be unique to the Serbian version of the MBI-HSS.

  1. Factores psicosociales del trabajo y Síndrome de Burnout en docentes universitarios, Bluefields, Nicaragua

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    Eva Hodgson Suárez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los factores psicosociales negativos del trabajo percibido por el trabajador, y su relación con el Síndrome de Burnout  en docentes universitarios de la ciudad de Bluefields.El tipo de estudio es cuantitativo, descriptivo, de corte transversal, realizado mediante la aplicación de la escala de factores psicosociales del trabajo académico y el Maslach Burnout Inventory, instrumentos aplicados a 109 docentes. Los resultados revelan la presencia de una alta demanda del  papel académico y desarrollo de la carrera como factor negativo en el ambiente laboral de los docentes, también señala la despersonalización como la dimensión del síndrome de Burnout. Se encontró asociación entre el factor contenido y características de la tarea con la dimensión de despersonalización, así como relación entre papel académico y desarrollo de la carrera con el agotamiento emocional.SummaryThe purpose of this study was to determine the negative psychosocial work factors perceived by the workers, and its relation with Burnout syndrome among university teachers in the city of Bluefields.The study is quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional, and was made by applying the scale of psychosocial factors of academic work and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, instruments that were applied to 109 teachers. The results reveal a high demand of the academic role and career development as a negative factor in the teachers work environment; it also refers to depersonalization as a dimension of Burnout Syndrome. Among the findings we found association between the factors related to the contents and characteristics of the task with the dimension of depersonalization, as well as relationship between the academic role and career development with emotional exhaustion.

  2. Can the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale be used to screen for risk of long-term sickness absence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roelen, C A M; van Hoffen, M F A; Groothoff, J W; de Bruin, J; Schaufeli, W B; van Rhenen, W

    2015-05-01

    To investigate the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) for their ability to identify non-sicklisted employees at increased risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA). One-year prospective cohort study including 4,921 employees participating in occupational health surveys in the period 2008-2010. The MBI-GS and UWES were part of the health survey questionnaire and LTSA in the year following the health survey was retrieved from an occupational health register. Associations of baseline MBI-GS and UWES scores with LTSA during 1-year follow-up were stratified by the cause (mental, musculoskeletal, and other somatic illness) of LTSA. Discrimination was assessed by the area (AUC) under the receiver operating characteristic curve and considered practically useful for AUC ≥0.75. During 1-year follow-up, 103 employees (2%) had LTSA due to mental (N = 43), musculoskeletal (N = 31), or other somatic (N = 29) illness. MBI-GS scores were positively and UWES scores negatively associated with mental LTSA, but not musculoskeletal or other somatic LTSA. Discrimination between employees at high and low risk of mental LTSA was moderate: AUC = 0.68 for the MBI-GS and AUC = 0.70 for the UWES. Discrimination did not improve when the MBI-GS and UWES were used simultaneously. The MBI-GS and UWES predicted future mental LTSA in non-sicklisted employees, but discrimination was not practically useful for identifying employees at high risk of LTSA. However, both instruments could be used to select employees for further assessment of mental LTSA risk.

  3. Clima organizacional y la prevalencia del síndrome de Burnout en profesionales de la salud de la red de salud Rimac – SMP-LO 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Espinoza Monge, David Martín; Obregón Andagua, Margot Sonia

    2016-01-01

    Esta investigación tiene como objetivo: Describir la relación entre el nivel de clima organizacional y la prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout en Profesionales de la Salud de la Red de Salud Rimac-SMP-LO 2014. Se aplicó el cuestionario de Clima Organizacional versión 2, validado por el MINSA el 2011, con resolución Ministerial. Y el Maslach Burnout Inventory adaptada al español por Moreno, Oliver y Aragoneses. En el mes de Mayo del 2014 en 119 profesionales de la Salud Red de...

  4. Prevalencia del "síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo" (burnout en pediatras de hospitales generales Burnout prevalence in pediatricians of general hospitals

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    Pedro R Gil-Monte

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analizar la prevalencia del síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo (burnout en pediatras de hospitales generales siguiendo criterios de diferentes países. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal, no aleatorio, realizado en Buenos Aires, Argentina, en 2006. La muestra la formaron 123 pediatras que trabajaban en Servicios de Pediatría de hospitales generales, 89 fueron mujeres (72,4% y 34 hombres (27,6%. Los datos fueron recogidos mediante un cuestionario anónimo y autoadministrado. El SQT fue diagnosticado utilizando el Maslach Burnout Inventory, con diferentes criterios para establecer su prevalencia. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia del SQT, varió en función del criterio utilizado: siguiendo los puntos de corte del manual de Estados Unidos, la prevalencia fue del 10,6% de 24,4 % siguiendo los criterios de España, 37,4% siguiendo los criterios de Argentina y considerando los criterios clínicos establecidos en Holanda, el porcentaje fue del 3,2%. CONCLUSIONES: Los niveles de prevalencia variaron significativamente en función de los criterios aplicados debido a influencias transculturales.OBJETIVO: Analisar a prevalência da síndrome do esgotamento profissional (burnout em pediatras de hospitais gerais segundo critérios de diversos países. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, não aleatório, realizado em Buenos Aires, Argentina, em 2006. A amostra foi formada por 123 pediatras que trabalhavam em serviços de pediatria de hospitais gerais, sendo 89 mulheres (72,4% e 34 homens (27,6%. As informações foram coletadas com questionário anônimo e auto-administrado. A síndrome do esgotamento profissional foi diagnosticada utilizando o Maslach Burnout Inventory, com diferentes critérios para estabelecer sua prevalência. RESULTADOS: A prevalência da síndrome do esgotamento profissional variou em função do critério utilizado: seguindo os pontos de corte do manual dos Estados Unidos, a prevalência foi de 10,6%, de 24,4% segundo critérios na Espanha

  5. Estado Actual y Retos Futuros en el Estudio del Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Salanova Soria, Marisa; Llorens Gumbau, Susana

    2008-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este artículo es ofrecer una revisión de la actual investigación aplicada del síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo o burnout. Comenzamos con el concepto de burnout, su evolución desde los primeros estudios en ocupaciones de servicios, hasta la actualidad en donde la investigación ha demostrado la importancia de considerar otras ocupaciones, y ampliar las dimensiones clave del burnout. En segundo lugar, examinaremos cómo evaluar el burnout, en función de la pos...

  6. Impacto del Burnout en el bienestar y clima de las organizaciones : una perspectiva de mutuo beneficio entre las personas y la organización

    OpenAIRE

    Bernal Guarín, Felipe; Ramírez Pallares, Neftaly

    2011-01-01

    Por medio de este estudio, se logra determinar la incidencia del Burnout en el bienestar y el clima de las organizaciones. Se utilizó como base de estudio, la delegación de una compañía de servicios en Madrid - España y la gerencia de una multinacional en Bogotá - Colombia. Se aplicaron los cuestionarios Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) – Escala de Clima Organizacional (ECO), para el análisis de un grupo de variables que determinaran la relación de los conceptos anteriormente mencionados. Medi...

  7. Prevalencia del síndrome de Burnout en personal de enfermería de una clínica de la ciudad de Ibagué

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    José Alonso Andrade Salazar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The objective of this research paper is to describe the prevalence of burnout syndrome in 33 nurses at Ibague city (Tolima clinic. A cross sectional descriptive and quantitative model is used, and a Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI questionnaire is applied for its advancement. The results do not show burnout syndrome in the sample, but some scores on the subscales are present, such as emotional exhaustion (93,94% or “low”, depersonalization (78,79% or “low” and personal accomplishment (69,70% “high”. Resumen El presente artículo de investigación describe la prevalencia del síndrome de burnout en 33 enfermeros de una clínica de la ciudad de Ibagué (Tolima, Colombia. En su desarrollo, se utilizó un modelo descriptivo-cuantitativo de corte transversal, y se aplicó el Cuestionario de Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, así como una entrevista estructurada. Los hallazgos no evidencian síndrome de burnout en la muestra, pero se observan puntuaciones en las subescalas de cansancio emocional (93,94% o “bajo”, despersonalización (78,79% o “bajo”, y en la realización personal (69,70% o “alto”.

  8. Cómo se defiende el profesorado de secundaria del estrés: burnout y estrategias de afrontamiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pedro Martínez Ramón

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio descriptivo transversal de diseño ex post facto ha sido conocer el modo de defenderse del estrés el profesorado de secundaria, analizando la relación existente entre el síndrome de burnout y las estrategias de afrontamiento en una muestra de 221 docentes de centros públicos y centros concertados-privados en el municipio de Murcia. Para ello, se aplicó un cuestionario sociodemográfico ad hoc, el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI y el Cuestionario de Afrontamiento del Estrés (CAE. Los resultados derivados del análisis descriptivo e inferencial muestran que las estrategias de autofocalización negativa (AFN y de expresión emocional abierta (EEA son utilizadas en mayor medida cuando el profesorado presenta indicadores del síndrome. Por otro lado, las estrategias de focalización en la solución del problema (FSP y la reevaluación positiva (REP se relacionan con una mayor realización personal en el trabajo y por tanto menores niveles de estrés. En conclusión, el conocimiento de las estrategias más eficaces para combatir el burnout permitirá diseñar programas de prevención más ajustados a la realidad educativa.

  9. Síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes de internado del Hospital Universidad del Norte

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    Mariela Borda Pérez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Establecer el comportamiento y los factores de riesgo asociados al Síndrome de Burnout (SB en estudiantes de último año de medicina en en el internado rotatorio I y II, en el Hospital Universidad del Norte en el 2006. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de la población de 55 estudiantes de último año en internado rotatorio I y II de ambos sexos. Se empleó encuesta autodiligenciada anónima sobre características sociodemográficas, laborales y la escala de Maslach. Se procesaron y presentaron los datos utilizando SPSS. Se efectuó análisis univariado y bivariado para establecer tendencia a la asociación entre la variable dependiente SB y las independientes mediante Chi cuadrado y valor de p <0.05. Resultados: La prevalencia global del SB es de 9.1%; la distribución según dimensiones del SB es: agotamiento emocional: 41.8%, despersonalización: 30.9%, realización personal baja: 12.7%. Se encontró significancia estadística entre SB y relaciones con el equipo de trabajo; asimismo, hubo relación de esta variable con el grado de agotamiento emocional y de realización personal y entre la presencia de hijos y el grado de agotamiento emocional. Conclusiones: El SB es bajo en los internos. Se encontró tendencia a la asociación entre las relaciones con el equipo de trabajo y los grados de agotamiento emocional y de realización personal.

  10. Síndrome de Burnout en cirujanos dentistas

    OpenAIRE

    Bedoya, Alfonso; Díaz, Tania; Dongo, Danilo; Guillinta, Guido; Moncada, Pablo

    2008-01-01

    Objetivo: El síndrome de Burnout es una enfermedad silenciosa que se desconocía hasta hace pocos años. Debido a los estudios de Maslach se dio a conocer esta enfermedad en profesionales que atienden a terceras personas y sus consecuencias. Material y método: Se realizó la investigación en 60 Cirujanos Dentistas, 30 del Hospital Central FAP y 30 del Centro Médico Naval. Se utilizó la ficha técnica del INVENTARIO BURNOUT DE MASLACH, la cual fue adaptada por N. Seisdedos, Departamento d...

  11. Aspectos epidemiológicos del síndrome de Burnout en personal sanitario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atance Martínez Juan Carlos

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: El Síndrome Burnout se invoca como probable responsable de la desmotivación que sufren los profesionales sanitarios actualmente. Esto sugiere la posibilidad de que este síndrome esté implicado en las elevadas tasas de absentismo laboral que presentan estos profesionales. El estudio pretende aportar una serie de caracterizaciones de las variables epidemiológicas universales que permitan una aproximación al perfil de riesgo en esta profesión. MÉTODO: Estudiamos una muestra de 294 profesionales de atención primaria y atención especializada aleatoriamente. a los que se les aplicó el instrumento de medida del Síndrome de Burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory de forma autoadministrada. Se hizo estadística descriptiva con comparación de medias para variables sociodemográficas (P< 0,05 con Epiinfo V.60 y SPSS PC.W. RESULTADOS: Obtuvimos 87,76% de respuestas frente al 12,23% de pérdidas. Esta muestra nos permite una confianza del 95% y un error del 5%. Obtuvimos diferencias significativas en función del sexo, edad, estado civil, antigüedad en la profesión en el centro de trabajo, número de trabajadores en el centro, lugar de trabajo, número de enfermos a cargo, horas de trabajo semanales, tiempo de interacción con los pacientes. La media de presencia del síndrome de Burnout fue 47,16 + 7.93, siendo las mayores proporciones las consignadas para las dimensiones cansancio emocional y falta de realización. CONCLUSIONES: El perfil epidemiológico de riesgo obtenido sería: mujer de más de 44 años sin pareja estable, con más de 19 años de antigüedad en la profesión y más de 11 en el centro, profesional de atención especializada, con más de 21 pacientes diarios a su cargo, a los que dedica más del 70% de la jornada laboral y a ésta entre 36 y 40 horas semanales.

  12. Síndrome de Burnout em trabalhadores de enfermagem de um pronto socorro de hospital universitário Síndrome de Burnout en trabajadores de enfermería del servicio de emergencia de un hospital universitario Burnout Syndrome among nursing staff from an emergency department of a hniversity hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Albieri Jodas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar sinais e sintomas de burnout em trabalhadores de enfermagem de um Pronto Socorro de Hospital Universitário correlacionando-os com fatores preditores. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo quantitativo, com 61 trabalhadores de enfermagem. Utilizou-se um questionário estruturado, auto-aplicável, acrescido do instrumento Maslach Burnout Inventory. A análise dos dados foi feita através do Epiinfo 2004. RESULTADOS: Dos 61 trabalhadores que participaram do estudo, 8,2% apresentavam manifestações de burnout, todos do sexo feminino, 54,1% possuiam alto risco para manifestação de burnout e 37,7% eram de baixo risco de manifestação da doença. Fatores como o não reconhecimento e incentivo ao desenvolvimento profissional estão relacionados com este diagnóstico. CONCLUSÕES: A dinâmica organizacional de um Pronto Socorro gera uma sobrecarga e tensão ocupacional sendo necessário desenvolver estratégias de reorganização do processo de trabalho diminuindo fontes de estresse.OBJETIVO: Investigar signos y síntomas de burnout en trabajadores de enfermería del servicio de emergencia de un Hospital Universitario correlacionándolos con factores de predicción. MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo cuantitativo, realizado con 61 trabajadores de enfermería. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado, auto-aplicable, además del instrumento Maslach Burnout Inventory. El análisis de los datos se realizó por medio del Epiinfo 2004. RESULTADOS: De los 61 trabajadores que participaron en el estudio, el 8,2% presentaba manifestaciones de burnout, todos del sexo femenino, el 54,1% poseía alto riesgo para manifestación de burnout y el 37,7% era de bajo riesgo de manifestación de la enfermedad. Factores como la falta de reconocimiento e incentivo al desarrollo profesional están relacionados con este diagnóstico. CONCLUSIONES: La dinámica organizacional de un servicio de emergencia genera sobrecarga y tensión ocupacional siendo

  13. Burnout en profesionales de la salud del Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Zhindón, Marina del Rocío

    2016-01-01

    Uno de los grupos de mayor riesgo para desarrollar síndrome de burnout es el constituido por el personal sanitario. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la prevalencia del burnout y de sus dimensiones, así como los factores asociados en profesionales de enfermería y de medicina de las instituciones de salud de las 24 provincias de Ecuador. Se seleccionó una muestra de 2404 profesionales de salud (68.4% mujeres, media de edad = 40.0 años). Se emplearon distintos instrumentos para re...

  14. Propiedades psicométricas y baremos del Cuestionario de Burnout Granada en profesionales de Enfermería

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia I. de la Fuente

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los enfermeros son uno de los colectivos profesionales que presentan mayores niveles de burnout. La definición más aceptada de este trastorno fue propuesta por Maslach y Jackson, y se caracteriza por cansancio emocional, despersonalización y realización personal. Esta definición operativa fue usada en la elaboración del Cuestionario de Burnout Granada (CBG. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue evaluar las propiedades psicométricas del CBG y elaborar un baremo para profesionales de enfermería españoles. El CBG era cumplimentado por 1.177 enfermeros. Las evidencias de validez de constructo fueron examinadas usando estrategias de validez cruzada y validez convergente, y las evidencias de validez de criterio mediante la validez concurrente. El coeficiente alfa de Cronbach se utilizó para medir la consistencia interna. Los resultados indican índices de ajuste satisfactorios en el análisis factorial confirmatorio, y en las evidencias de validez convergente y concurrente. Todos los valores de alfa de Cronbach eran superiores a 0,83. Los resultados muestran que el CBG tiene buenas propiedades psicométricas para ser usado en enfermeros. Se elaboró un baremo en puntuaciones T y centiles que permite evaluar burnout en enfermeros españoles.

  15. Calidad de vida y estrés laboral: la incidencia del Burnout en el deporte de alto rendimiento madrileño. Quality of life and job stress: Burnout among high performance sport professionals from Madrid.

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    Martínez del Castillo, Jesús

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEn la literatura sobre la psicología de la salud en las organizaciones es generalmente aceptado que el Burnout (Síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo aparece como consecuencia de un estrés laboral crónico excesivo que provoca una disminución de la habilidad en el desempeño de la actividad profesional y la aparición de diferentes problemas de salud en quien lo padece. El Burnout (Síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo ha sido conceptualizado como un síndrome psicológico tridimensional de agotamiento emocional, despersonalización y baja realización personal en el trabajo. El propósito de este estudio es evaluar la presencia del Burnout en el colectivo de los profesionales del Alto Rendimiento Deportivo. Para ello se utilizó una muestra de 102 profesionales en activo empleados en 20 organizaciones representativas del fenómeno del Alto Rendimiento Deportivo de la ciudad de Madrid, España. Para medir la incidencia del Burnout (Síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo se utilizó el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach. Los resultados obtenidos en este colectivo fueron de un 37,25% con altos niveles de Burnout (Síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo, 50% con nivel intermedio y 12,75% con bajo nivel. Estos profesionales presentan mayores niveles de baja realización personal en el trabajo (26,47% y menores niveles de despersonalización (11,76% y agotamiento emocional (10,78%. También se encontraron diferencias en los niveles cuando fueron comparados con otros profesionales del deporte.AbstractIt is widely accepted in organizational and health psychology literatures that burnout is a consequence of chronic job stress wh+ºich causes an array of negative work related performance and health outcomes. Burnout was conceptualized as a 3-dimensional psychological syndrome consisting of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and decreased personal accomplishment. The purpose of this study was to assess the presence of Burnout syndrome in High

  16. Factors Influencing Teacher Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raquepaw, Jayne; deHaas, Patricia A.

    Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion and cynicism frequently occurring among human services professionals. Education is one profession whose members are particularly susceptible to burnout. There is a need to identify causes of burnout and possible ameliorative strategies, as perceived by teachers. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a…

  17. Prevalencia del síndrome de burnout en médicos y enfermeras del Perú, ENSUSALUD 2014

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    Jesús Maticorena-Quevedo

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Objetivos Estimar la prevalencia del síndrome de burnout(SB en los médicos y enfermeras del Perú en el año 2014, según los diferentes puntos de corte establecidos en la literatura. Materiales y métodos Estudio transversal y descriptivo basado en la Encuesta Nacional de Satisfacción de Usuarios en Salud del año 2014 (ENSUSALUD-2014 que cuenta con un muestreo probabilístico bietápico. El SB fue identificado mediante el Maslach Burnout Inventory -Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS utilizando diferentes puntos de corte para establecer su prevalencia: valores predeterminados, terciles y cuartiles. Resultados De los 5062 profesionales de salud, 62,3% eran mujeres, 44,0% eran médicos, 46,0% pertenecían al MINSA y 23,1% laboraban en Lima. Se obtuvo una prevalencia global del SB de 2,8% (IC95%: 2,19-3,45 usando valores predeterminados; 7,9% (IC95%: 6,93-8,95 para puntos de corte según cuartiles; y 12,5% (IC95%:11,29-13,77 usando terciles. La prevalencia es mayor en médicos que en enfermeras, independientemente del punto de corte usado (3,7% vs 2,1% en valores predeterminados; 10,2 vs 6,1% con cuartiles, y 16,2 vs 9,5% mediante terciles. Conclusiones La prevalencia del síndrome en personal sanitario es distinta en una misma población, según se utilicen los distintos puntos de corte descritos. Se recomienda el uso de los valores predeterminados por el creador del instrumento, hasta obtener puntos específicos para nuestro país.

  18. Prevalencia del síndrome del quemado y estudio de los factores asociados en los trabajadores de un hospital comarcal Burnout syndrome: prevalence and associated factors among workers in a district hospital

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    G. Pera

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: El síndrome del quemado o de burnout es un tipo de estrés laboral que puede tener repercusiones psicosomáticas, conductuales, emocionales, familiares y sociales, y que puede ser motivo de absentismo laboral y de bajo rendimiento en el trabajo. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer la prevalencia del síndrome del quemado entre los trabajadores de un hospital comarcal, así como conocer las características personales y laborales que se asocian a dicho síndrome. Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio observacional transversal en el que se seleccionó una muestra aleatoria, estratificada por categoría profesional, de 300 trabajadores a los que se les administró el Maslach Burnout Inventory para medir el grado de burnout. Este cuestionario consta de tres subescalas: el cansancio emocional, la despersonalización y la realización personal. Resultados: El 13,9% de los entrevistados presentó un grado elevado de burnout para el cansancio emocional, el 11,1% para la despersonalización y el 6,6% para la realización personal. Ninguno de los entrevistados obtuvo puntuaciones elevadas en las tres escalas a la vez, mientras que un 27% presentó un grado alto de burnout en al menos una de las tres escalas. En el análisis multivariante la categoría profesional y el sexo se asociaron de forma estadísticamente significativa con un alto grado de burnout. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de síndrome del quemado en el hospital de Mataró es relativamente baja y se asocia al género y la categoría profesional.Aim: Burnout syndrome refers to a kind of occupational stress that can have psychosomatic, behavioral, emotional, familial, and social repercussions; it can also cause absenteeism and loss of efficacy at work. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of burnout among staff in a district hospital, as well as the personal and working characteristics associated with the syndrome. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed in which a

  19. Burnout en profesores: Una perspectiva social del intercambio

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    WILMAR B. SCHAUFELI

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se propone una perspectiva teórica sobre burnout en profesores, basada en principios de intercambio social. Se argumenta que el burnout se produce por una falta de reciprocidad; por un desajuste entre inversiones y resultados. Los profesores quemados se caracterizan por haber dado demasiado durante demasiado tiempo y por recibir demasiado poco a cambio. Según la teoría del intercambio social, la falta de reciprocidad podría desarrollarse a tres niveles: interpersonal (relación con estudiantes, a nivel de equipo (relaciones con compañeros, y a nivel organizacional (relación con la escuela. Estudios empíricos en profesores mostraron que el ajuste entre 'dar y recibir' se rompe, sobretodo en los niveles interpersonal y organizacional. Además, la falta de reciprocidad se asocia con distrés y conductas de abandono. Se observa un efecto genérico: cuando el equilibrio 'dar y recibir' se rompe se produce agotamiento emocional (síntoma corazón del burnout. Además, se observan efectos de las conductas de abandono específico para cada nivel de intercambio social: la falta de reciprocidad con los estudiantes provoca despersonalización (segunda dimensión del burnout; la falta de reciprocidad con los colegas acaba en conductas de abandono de los colegas; y la falta de reciprocidad con la escuela en abandono psicológico (reducido compromiso organizacional y conductual (absentismo por enfermedad de la escuela.

  20. Preditores da Síndrome de Burnout em enfermeiros de serviços de urgência pré-hospitalar Predictores del Síndrome de Burnout en enfermeros de servicios de urgencia pre-hospitalaria Predictors of Burnout Syndrome in nurses in the prehospital emergency services

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    Salomão Patrício de Souza França

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os preditores da Síndrome de Burnout apresentados por enfermeiros de serviços de urgência pré-hospitalar móvel. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, exploratório, quantitativo com 38 enfermeiros. Utilizou-se questionário estruturado acrescido do Maslach Burnout Inventory em setembro de 2010. Na análise dos dados, foram usadas técnicas de estatística descritiva e inferencial (teste t-Student e teste F (ANOVA. A verificação da hipótese de igualdade foi realizada pelo teste F de Levene e a de normalidade pelo teste de Shapiro-Wilk. RESULTADOS: A variabilidade expressa pelo coeficiente de variação não se mostrou elevada, desde que a referida medida foi, no máximo, igual a 33,17. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre as variáveis estudadas e as dimensões sintomatológicas da Síndrome de Burnout. A Síndrome pode estar mais relacionada com fatores organizacionais do trabalho do que com o tipo de atividade desenvolvida pelos profissionais ou de achados sociodemográficos.OBJETIVO: Analizar los predictores del Síndrome de Burnout presentados por enfermeros de servicios de urgencia pre-hospitalaria móvil. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, cuantitativo realizado con 38 enfermeros. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado acrecentado del Maslach Burnout Inventory en setiembre del 2010. En el análisis de los datos, se usaron técnicas de estadística descriptiva e inferencial (test t-Student y test F (ANOVA. La verificación de la hipótesis de igualdad fue realizada por el test F de Levene y la de normalidad por el test de Shapiro-Wilk. RESULTADOS: La variabilidad expresada por el coeficiente de variación no se mostró elevada, puesto que la referida medida fue, máximo, igual a 33,17. CONCLUSIÓN: No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las variables estudiadas y las dimensiones sintomatológicas del Síndrome de Burnout. El Síndrome puede estar relacionada m

  1. Prevalencia del síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout en odontólogos mexicanos del sector educativo y privado Prevalence of the syndrome of professional exhaustion (burnout in mexican dentists of the education sector and private

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    Enrique Castañeda Aguilera

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia del síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout en odontólogos del sector educativo y privado. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, mediante el censo del personal odontológico de la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, México de la Universidad de Guadalajara y los que ejercen la práctica privada, donde participaron 135 de ellos aplicándoseles una ficha de identificación y el Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey en forma auto-administrada. Las estadísticas descriptivas y el análisis inferencial se realizaron con apoyo del SPSS 15.0 y Epi-infoV6.1. Resultados: Se logró el 90,0 % de respuesta. Se detectó una frecuencia del síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout en el 50,3 % de ellos. Se obtuvieron diferencias significativas en función a ser menor de 40 años de edad. Se observó la correlación negativa entre las subescalas agotamiento emocional y despersonalización y positiva entre la falta de realización personal en el trabajo. Conclusiones: El síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout es frecuente (50,3 % en los odontólogos, sus principales factores de riesgo: laborar en la práctica privada, el ser mujer, menor de 40 años de edad, sin pareja estable y con más de 15 años con pareja, el no trabajar la pareja, sin hijos, ser especialista, con menos de 10 años de antigüedad laboral y en el puesto actual de trabajo más de 10 años, laborar en el turno matutino, contratación definitiva y el tener otro trabajo. La afectación del agotamiento emocional y la despersonalización se comporta como el síndrome. Los niveles medios de las subescalas se encuentran en general cerca de la normalidad. Se encontró una correlación negativa entre las subescalas agotamiento emocional y despersonalización y positiva entre la falta de realización personal en el trabajo con la presencia del síndrome. Es necesario establecer medidas preventivas o de intervenci

  2. Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Woitsch, Marek

    2015-01-01

    This Thesis deals with the issue of the burnout syndrome and with relationship between burnout syndrome and social support. The aim of this work is based on knowledge from the literature and from experience of clinical psychiatrists to assess the significance of social support for individuals suffering from the burnout syndrome. In the Thesis, there are first defined terms burnout syndrome and social support. Consequently, there are presented the most important knowledge of social support, it...

  3. Estudio sobre la incidencia del síndrome de Burnout en los niveles de bajo desempleño académico de los estudiantes de la Carrera de Medicina de la Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil.

    OpenAIRE

    Loor Ortiz, Shirley Liliana

    2015-01-01

    Se estudió el universo de 74 estudiantes de la Carrera de Medicina de la U.C.S.G. elegidos por estar en el V ciclo (período crítico), en el cual comienzan a realizar prácticas conjuntamente con el estudio teórico, que contestaron el Inventario de Maslach con la finalidad de estimar si hay presencia del síndrome de Burnout, y si este se halla en relación al desempeño académico. El Burnout estudiantil puede presentar un problema de desempeño y evolucionar desfavorablemente causando dificultades...

  4. Influencia del Burnout, la calidad de vida y los factores socioeconómicos en las estrategias de afrontamiento utilizadas por los profesionales y auxiliares de enfermería

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    Francoise Contreras T.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la influencia del síndrome de Burnout y la calidad de vida, así como las variables socioeconómicas, en los estilos de afrontamiento utilizados por 71 trabajadores de la salud (52,1% enfermeros y 47,9% auxiliares de enfermería. Se aplicó el cuestionario de salud (SF-36, el cuestionario de afrontamiento al estrés (CAE y el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. De acuerdo con los resultados, la presencia de Burnout fue baja (77,5% sin Burnout, la calidad vida estuvo reducida en las dimensiones de vitalidad, dolor corporal y salud general, y las estrategias más utilizadas fueron la focalización en la solución de problemas y la reevalución positiva. El incremento en la calidad de vida, la reducción en la severidad de los síntomas de Burnout, pertenecer al género femenino, tener menor edad y ser enfermera son predictores significativos (regresión cúbica del incremento en el uso de todas las estrategias de afrontamiento, especialmente la focalización en la solución de problemas y la reevaluación positiva.

  5. Estresse e síndrome de burnout entre trabalhadores da equipe de Saúde da Família Estrés y síndrome de burnout entre trabajadores del equipo de Salud de la Familia Stress and burnout syndrome among workers of the Family Health team

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    Letícia de Lima Trindade

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Compreender o estresse laboral vivenciado pelos trabalhadores das equipes de Saúde da Família (ESF, do município de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul e as implicações para sua saúde. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, com integração de métodos quantitativos e qualitativos, desenvolvido com 86 trabalhadores de todas as ESF do município. Na primeira etapa, foi aplicado o Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI e na segunda, foi aplicada entrevista semiestruturada com os 12 trabalhadores que apresentaram os maiores (seis e os menores (seis escores no MBI. RESULTADOS: A idade jovem teve associação estatisticamente significativa com os níveis de estresse apresentados pelos trabalhadores (p= 0,034. Os trabalhadores esgotados utilizavam formas de enfrentamento direcionadas às emoções, ou seja, recursos pessoais, enquanto os não esgotados resolviam os problemas do cotidiano laboral com apoio do grupo de trabalho. CONCLUSÃO: Os principais motivos para o desenvolvimento da Síndrome de Burnout estavam vinculados a problemas relacionais e organizacionais.OBJETIVO: Comprender el estrés laboral experimentado por los trabajadores de los Equipos de Salud de la Familia (ESF, del municipio de Santa Maria, Rio Grande del Sur y las implicaciones para su salud. MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con integración de métodos cuantitativos y cualitativos, desarrollados con 86 trabajadores de todas los ESF del municipio. En la primera etapa, fue aplicado el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI y en la segunda etapa, fue aplicada la entrevista semiestructurada con los 12 trabajadores que presentaron los mayores (seis y los menores (seis puntajes en el MBI. RESULTADOS: la edad joven presentó una asociación estadísticamente significativa con los niveles de estrés presentados por los trabajadores (p= 0,034. Los trabajadores agotados utilizaban formas de enfrentar los problemas utilizando las emociones, o sea, usando recursos personales, en cuanto que

  6. Identificación del Burnout asociado a profesiones sanitarias y del retail

    OpenAIRE

    Díez Piñol, Miriam

    2015-01-01

    La tesis "Identificación del Burnout asociado a profesiones sanitarias y del retail" ha sido el resultado del trabajo de investigación iniciando en el 2002, con el propósito de llevar a cabo investigaciones en el ámbito de la salud y calidad de vida en el trabajo. A lo largo de casi una década fui orientando mi actividad investigadora en esta dirección, combinando distintas actividades de investigación (estudio y análisis, publicación de artículos y asistencia a eventos científicos). A partir...

  7. Burnout em residentes de enfermagem Burnout en residentes de enfermería Burnout in nursing residents

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    Gianfábio Pimentel Franco

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Enfermeiros Residentes podem experimentar desgaste físico e emocional decorrentes do cotidiano da Residência de Enfermagem. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a incidência do Burnout em Residentes de Enfermagem. Realizou-se um estudo exploratório, descritivo, analítico e longitudinal-prospectivo com 16 Residentes, no período de dois anos. Utilizou-se o Maslach Burnout Inventory traduzido e validado para o Brasil e um instrumento de dados sociodemográficos/ocupacionais. Dos Residentes, 17.2% mostraram valores elevados em Exaustão Emocional e Despersonalização; 18.8% comprometimento em Incompetência/falta de Realização Profissional, dos quais 75% pertenciam às especialidades de Pronto Socorro, Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Adulto e Pediátrica. Idade e especialidade correlacionaram-se positivamente com a Incompetência/falta de Realização Profissional. Identificou-se um Residente de Enfermagem com alteração nas três subescalas do Maslach Burnout Inventory, sendo caracterizado como portador da Síndrome de Burnout. Os Residentes de enfermagem possuem perfis de adoecimento. Conhecer esses fatores pode minimizar os agravos à saúde desse trabalhador.Los Enfermeros Residentes pueden experimentar desgaste físico y emocional derivado del trabajo cotidiano de la Residencia de Enfermería. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la incidencia del Burnout en residentes de enfermería. Se realizó un estudio exploratorio, descriptivo, analítico y longitudinal-prospectivo con 16 Residentes, en el período de dos años. Se utilizó el Maslach Burnout Inventory traducido y validado para Brasil y un instrumento de datos socio-demográficos/ocupacionales. 17,2% de los Residentes mostraron valores elevados en Agotamiento Emocional y Despersonalización, respectivamente; 18,8% compromiso en Incompetencia/falta de Realización Profesional, entre estos, 75% pertenecían a las especialidades de Emergencias, Unidad de Terapia Intensiva de

  8. Estudio sobre las relaciones del síndrome de burnout con algunos factores psicosociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea López Fernández

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available El Síndrome de Burnout es un problema psicosocial relevante porque el trabajador pierde su capacidad de motivación por el trabajo, su rendimiento laboral es bajo y se deteriora su salud física y mental, por eso se considera que es un problema importante sobre todo en el ámbito penitenciario, donde los trabajadores están sometidos a constantes presiones. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la relación existente entre Burnout, autoestima, género y experiencia laboral en funcionarios de prisiones. El estudio se realizó con 34 funcionarios penitenciarios de la cárcel de Albolote (Granada. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron: la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (1965 y el Cuestionario de Maslach Burnout Inventory (1986. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que no existen relaciones significativas entre Burnout, autoestima, experiencia laboral y género; aunque se han encontrado algunas diferencias de género en las variables de estudio.

  9. La evaluación específica del síndrome de Burnout en psicólogos: el "inventario de Burnout de psicólogos"

    OpenAIRE

    ANA MARIA T. BENEVIDES PEREIRA; BERNARDO MORENO-JIMÉNEZ; EVA GARROSA HERNANDEZ; JOSÉ LUIS GONZALEZ GUTIÉRREZ

    2002-01-01

    La investigación del "burnout" se ha extendido a una amplia variedad de profesiones, asistenciales y no asistenciales, sin embargo el estudio del burnout en psicólogos es relativamente escaso a pesar de ser una profesión con alto riesgo de burnout. El "Inventario de Burnout de Psicólogos" (IBP) es un instrumento elaborado específicamente para evaluar los procesos de burnout en los psicólogos que consta de tres partes: características profesionales, dimensiones del burnout y sintomatología de ...

  10. Niveles de engagement y burnout en voluntarios universitarios: Un estudio exploratorio y descriptivo.

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Peralta, Yamila Fernanda; Carena Colón, Marianela Yanel; Canuto Juárez, Mario

    2015-01-01

    Se presentan los resultados de una investigación exploratoria-descriptiva cuyo objetivo fue conocer los niveles de engagement y burnout en un grupo de voluntarios universitarios que participan de proyectos de extensión y voluntariado en la Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMdP) (N=31). Se administró una entrevista semi-estructurada y los instrumentos MBI (Maslach Burnout Inventory) y UWES (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale) con la finalidad de evaluar niveles de burnout y engagement respec...

  11. Three Scales to Measure Burnout of Primary School Teachers: Empirical Evidence on Their Adequacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platsidou, Maria; Daniilidou, Athena

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed at comparing the psychometric properties of three measures of burnout administered in 320 Greek primary school teachers, namely the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach and Jackson 1982), the Burnout Measure (Pines and Aronson 1988) and the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (Kristensen et al. 2005). Confirmatory factor analysis tested a…

  12. Burnout en profesores: Una perspectiva social del intercambio

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaufeli, W.B.

    2005-01-01

    This article proposes a theoretical perspective on teacher burnout that is based on the principles of social exchange. More specifically, it is argued that burnout results from a lack of reciprocity; that is, from a mismatch between investments and outcomes. Typically, burned-out teachers have given

  13. Burnout among anaesthetists in South Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Method:The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used to assess the level of burnout. The primary ... highest level of stress and burnout are among medical professionals. Various ... particularly with regard to one's work with clients'.2 .... no consensus on whether gender plays a role in burnout levels in.

  14. Síndrome de Burnout: estudo de base populacional com servidores do setor público Síndrome de Burnout: estudio de base poblacional con servidores del sector público Burnout Syndrome: population-based study on public servants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lílian dos Santos Palazzo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar preditores da síndrome de Burnout em trabalhadores do setor público. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de 879 servidores públicos municipais de uma cidade da região metropolitana de Porto Alegre, RS. Utilizou-se um questionário elaborado para a coleta de variáveis demográficas e relacionadas às características do trabalho. A percepção sobre o ambiente laboral foi analisada a partir da Work Atmosphere Scale; para avaliar a síndrome de Burnout, utilizou-se o Maslach Burnout Inventory. Foram realizadas três análises de regressão linear múltipla pelo método stepwise em que cada dimensão da síndrome foi considerada como desfecho, enquanto as demais variáveis foram estimadas como preditoras e controladas por sexo e idade. RESULTADOS: As variáveis relacionadas à percepção do ambiente de trabalho foram as que mais contribuíram para a ocorrência de burnout. A percepção do trabalho como estressante e a presença de pessoas que atrapalham o ambiente laboral participaram do modelo explicativo das três dimensões. Nove variáveis compuseram o modelo preditor, que explicou 43% da ocorrência da Exaustão Emocional. "Perceber o trabalho como estressante" apresentou maior poder explicativo. Na Despersonalização, oito variáveis compuseram o modelo em 25%; "perceber o trabalho como estressante" foi, mais uma vez, a variável de maior poder explicativo. A Baixa Realização Profissional mostrou um conjunto de variáveis com poder explicativo de 20%; ambiente de trabalho considerado bom apresentou maior peso, associando-se inversamente. CONCLUSÕES: A percepção dos servidores públicos sobre seu ambiente de trabalho tem importante papel como preditor da síndrome de Burnout. Avaliar o trabalho como estressante e presença de pessoas que atrapalham o ambiente mostraram-se como elementos de maior relevância.OBJETIVO: Identificar predictores del Síndrome de Burnout en trabajadores del

  15. Síndrome de burnout y hábitos alimenticios en profesores de enseñanza secundaria

    OpenAIRE

    Robaina Palmés, Francisco; Flores Robaina, Noelia; Jenaro Río, Cristina; Cruz Ortiz, Maribel; Avram, Eugen

    2010-01-01

    El propósito de este estudio consistió en evaluar el Síndrome de burnout y su relación con los hábitos de alimentación en una muestra de 109 profesores españoles de enseñanza secundaria. Los datos se recogieron al finalizar el curso escolar. El burnout se evaluó con el Cuestionario de Burnout de Maslach (MBI) y los hábitos de alimentación con un cuestionario diseñado para este estudio. Los resultados obtenidos evidenciaron: (1) la elevada presencia del síndrome (agotamiento emocional, despers...

  16. [Organizational climate and burnout syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubrańska, Anna

    2011-01-01

    The paper addresses the issue of organizational climate and burnout syndrome. It has been assumed that burnout syndrome is dependent on work climate (organizational climate), therefore, two concepts were analyzed: by D. Kolb (organizational climate) and by Ch. Maslach (burnout syndrome). The research involved 239 persons (122 woman, 117 men), aged 21-66. In the study Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and Inventory of Organizational Climate were used. The results of statistical methods (correlation analysis, one-variable analysis of variance and regression analysis) evidenced a strong relationship between organizational climate and burnout dimension. As depicted by the results, there are important differences in the level of burnout between the study participants who work in different types of organizational climate. The results of the statistical analyses indicate that the organizational climate determines burnout syndrome. Therefore, creating supportive conditions at the workplace might reduce the risk of burnout.

  17. Prevalencia del síndrome de Burnout en personal de enfermería de una clínica de la ciudad de Ibagué

    OpenAIRE

    José Alonso Andrade Salazar; Yury Maleidy Sanabria Sanabria; María Fernanda Morales Olivera; Jeisson Lizandro Rodríguez Cardoso; Jesús David Oyuela Cortés

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The objective of this research paper is to describe the prevalence of burnout syndrome in 33 nurses at Ibague city (Tolima) clinic. A cross sectional descriptive and quantitative model is used, and a Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) questionnaire is applied for its advancement. The results do not show burnout syndrome in the sample, but some scores on the subscales are present, such as emotional exhaustion (93,94% or “low”), depersonalization (78,79% or “low”) and personal accom...

  18. Factores asociados al desgaste profesional en los trabajadores del soporte vital básico del País Vasco: Un estudio cualitativo Factors associated with professional burnout among basic life support caregivers in the Basque Country: A qualitative research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sendoa Ballesteros Peña

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Identificar factores de riesgo de desgaste profesional percibidos por los técnicos en emergencias sanitarias de las unidades de soporte vital básico del País Vasco. Metodología: Investigación cualitativa realizada mediante análisis de discurso en ocho entrevistas individuales a trabajadores del soporte vital básico con puntuaciones compatibles con afectación por desgaste profesional en el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach. Las variables estructurales tenidas en cuenta para la elección de los participantes fueron la antigüedad profesional (superior o inferior a 10 años y el centro de trabajo. Resultados: Los trabajadores presentan disconformidad con la actual estructura organizacional del sistema de emergencias y falta de proyección y reconocimiento de su rol profesional. Además manifiestan un progresivo distanciamiento afectivo para con los pacientes, con quienes ha aumentado el número de enfrentamientos debidos a dificultades de entendimiento causadas por situaciones de inadecuación del uso de los recursos asistenciales. Conclusiones: La estructura de organización del sistema de emergencias, el trato con el paciente y su familia y la situación profesional del técnico en emergencias son percibidos como elementos clave predisponentes de desgaste profesional.Objective: To identify possible factors associated with professional burnout among basic life support caregivers in the Basque Country. Method: A qualitative research was performed. We conducted an analysis of the discus of eight interpretive individual interviews with caregivers in basic life support units who presented scores compatible with burnout on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The selection of participants was intentional. Results: The data analysis found that ambulance personnel have disagreed with emergency system organizational structure and recognition of their professional role. They show a progressive emotional detachment to patients. An inadequate use

  19. Yoga as a Burnout Preventative for Psychology Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquez, Genevive

    2011-01-01

    Psychology graduate students experience unique stressors resulting from academic tasks and regular exposure to emotional distress (Stratton, Kellaway, & Rottini, 2007). Pervasive stress may eventually lead to burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment (Maslach, 1986). Burnout impinges on academic…

  20. ESTUDIOS TRANSCULTURALES DEL BURNOUT: LOS ESTUDIOS TRANSCULTURALES BRASIL-ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Macarena Gálvez Herrer

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios transculturales no son un ejercicio secundario y complementario en el estudio de la psicología; un modelo antropológico de la conducta humana obliga a plantear que las variables culturales no son secundarias sino primarias. Por estas razones el estudio del “burnout†o desgaste profesional puede profundizarse mediante la utilización de los métodos transculturales. No es suficiente con la simple comparación de resultados, sino que es necesario buscar instrumentos propios de cada cultura y establecer la comparación no sólo del síndrome de desgaste profesional sino de todos los diferentes elementos del proceso. El trabajo presentado establece las bases teóricas de este planteamiento, y expone, mediante un ejemplo, algunas de las vías posibles para una psicología transcultural del burnout.

  1. Estudios transculturales del burnout: Los estudios transculturales Brasil-España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Moreno Jiménez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios transculturales no son un ejercicio secundario y complementario en el estudio de la psicología; un modelo antropológico de la conducta humana obliga a plantear que las variables culturales no son secundarias sino primarias. Por estas razones el estudio del “burnout” o desgaste profesional puede profundizarse mediante la utilización de los métodos transculturales. No es suficiente con la simple comparación de resultados, sino que es necesario buscar instrumentos propios de cada cultura y establecer la comparación no sólo del síndrome de desgaste profesional sino de todos los diferentes elementos del proceso. El trabajo presentado establece las bases teóricas de este planteamiento, y expone, mediante un ejemplo, algunas de las vías posibles para una psicología transcultural del burnout

  2. FACTORES ASOCIADOS AL GRADO SINTOMATOLÓGICO DEL SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT EN LOS ESTUDIANTES ENFERMEROS DE LA SEGUNDA ESPECIALIDAD DEL CENTRO QUIRÚRGICO DE LA FACULTAD DE ENFERMERÍA DE LA UCSM. AREQUIPA, 2013

    OpenAIRE

    LECAROS OLAECHEA, GERALDINE DELIA

    2016-01-01

    SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT ¿CÓMO SE ANALIZA EL SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT? MANIFESTACIONES CLÍNICAS FACTORES ASOCIADOS AL SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT EVALUACIÓN DEL SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT ANTECEDENTES INVESTIGATIVOS RESULTADOS

  3. Burnout Syndrome Profiles among Teachers (Perfiles del Síndrome de Burnout entre Profesores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Gonçalves Câmara

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Burnout Syndrome (BS is a psychological reaction related to chronic occupational stress, both interpersonal and emotional. This study assessed three discriminant profiles of BS in teachers according to psychosocial factors. Profile 1 represents teachers with or without BS; Profile 2 represents teachers with BS or without BS in reference to the dimension guilt; and Profile 3 represents Profile 1 and Profile 2. The sample comprised 679 Brazilian primary school teachers. The instruments used were: sociodemographic data questionnaire; Spanish Burnout Inventory; and Battery of Psychosocial Risk Assessment to assess role ambiguity, social support, self-efficacy, autonomy, role conflict, and overload and intention to leave the profession. Differences between the groups were assessed using discriminant analysis. Results show that the variables that compose the discriminant profiles (Profile 1 and Profile 2 were intention to leave the profession, overload, role conflict, and role ambiguity, with self-efficacy discriminating teachers without BS in Profile 1. Profiles 1 and 2 were discriminated by two determinant factors: role conflict, and intention to leave the profession. The results suggest a need for interventions on psychosocial stressors to prevent burnout.

  4. Antecedentes y consecuencias del burnout en deportistas: estrés percibido y depresión

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina de Francisco; Constantino Arce; María del Pilar Vílchez; Ángel Vales

    2016-01-01

    Antecedentes/Objetivo : El objetivo fue investigar la relación entre estrés percibido, burnout y depresión en deportistas. Se presenta el estrés como antecedente del burnout y la depresión como consecuencia de ambos. Método : Participaron en el estudio 453 deportistas. Estrés y depresión fueron medidos con Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) y burnout en deportistas con Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ). Los datos fueron analizados...

  5. Primary Teachers’ Burnout in Qatar Independent Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Alloh, Maymona Mohamed

    2017-01-01

    The present research aims at investigating the burnout levels among primary teachers in independent (government) schools in Qatar. It also intends to investigate if there are significant differences in the level of burnout attributed to some demographic characteristics. The third version of the most commonly used burnout scale; Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES), was utilized in order to measure participants’ burnout level. A total of 1657 participants responded and completed...

  6. Antecedentes y consecuencias del burnout en deportistas: estrés percibido y depresión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina de Francisco

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes/Objetivo : El objetivo fue investigar la relación entre estrés percibido, burnout y depresión en deportistas. Se presenta el estrés como antecedente del burnout y la depresión como consecuencia de ambos. Método : Participaron en el estudio 453 deportistas. Estrés y depresión fueron medidos con Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS y burnout en deportistas con Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ. Los datos fueron analizados desde la perspectiva de modelos de ecuaciones estructurales (SEM. Resultados : El efecto directo del estrés sobre el burnout y la depresión fue de 0,66 y 0,24, respectivamente y el del burnout sobre la depresión de 0,53; todos ellos significa - tivos ( p <0,001. El estrés explica el 43% de la varianza del burnout y el estrés conjunta - mente con el burnout, el 50% de la varianza de la depresión. Los índices de ajuste del modelo fueron: χ 2 (224= 520,881 ( p <0,001, χ 2 /df = 2,32, el índice de bondad de ajuste (GFI = 0,91, el índice de bondad de ajuste comparativo (CFI= 0,89, la raíz del residuo cuadrático promedio de aproximación (RMSEA = 0,054 (90% intervalo de confianza, 0,048-0,060 y raíz cuadrada de la media cuadrática del residual estandarizado (SRMR = 0,063. Conclusiones : Este estudio permite conocer la relación existente entre estrés, burnout y depresión en un único modelo.

  7. Efecte diferencial de la burnout laboral en diverses professions assistencials: el paper de la personalitat, la salut i el clima social

    OpenAIRE

    Palau Domingo, Ona

    2016-01-01

    Aquest estudi va ser dissenyat amb la finalitat de comparar la percepció de la burnout entre quatre col•lectius professionals de la província de Lleida que fan feines assistencials. La mostra estudiada ha estat de 596 subjectes entre 19 i 60 anys (282 mestres, 83 infermers, 60 cuidadors i 171 mossos d’esquadra). La burnout s’ha mesurat amb el Maslach Burnout Inventory; la personalitat s’ha mesurat a través d’un inventari dels cinc grans factors de personalitat (BFQ), i la personalitat resiste...

  8. Correlación entre carga de trabajo, síndrome de Burnout y calidad de vida en una unidad de críticos.

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez López, AM.; Fernández Barral, R.; Benítez Canosa, MC.; Camino Castiñeira, MJ.; Brea Fernández, AJ.

    2008-01-01

    Objetivos: Detectar Síndrome de Burnout entre los DUE de Reanimación; evaluar calidad de vida y correlacionar carga de trabajo, S. Burnout y calidad de vida. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y transversal. Muestra: plantilla de DUE de Reanimación CHUS. Se emplearon dos cuestionarios: Test de Calidad de Vida, Satisfacción y Placer y el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Resultados: Según la media obtenida del MBI en los tres apartados (cansancio emocional, despersonal...

  9. Efecto del burnout y la sobrecarga en la calidad de vida en el trabajo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Patlán Pérez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El síndrome de burnout se presenta con frecuencia en trabajadores que tienen contacto con usuarios o clientes. El artículo tiene como objetivo determinar el efecto del burnout y la sobrecarga en la calidad de vida en el trabajo en personal de un instituto de salud en México. La metodología de investigación fue expostfacto y descriptiva con una muestra estratificada de 673 trabajadores. Se utilizaron 4 escalas para medir sobrecarga de trabajo, burnout y 2 factores de calidad de vida en el trabajo: conflicto trabajo-familia y satisfacción laboral. Los resultados indican un efecto positivo y significativo de la sobrecarga en el burnout y el conflicto trabajo-familia, y un efecto negativo de la sobrecarga en la satisfacción laboral. Además, el burnout está asociado de forma positiva al conflicto trabajo-familia y negativa a la satisfacción laboral.

  10. Burnout among Special Education Administrators: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Susan J.

    2011-01-01

    Research on the extent of stress and burnout among special education administrators is not as well developed as research on the extent of stress and burnout among teachers. This study utilized the Maslach Burnout Inventory to determine levels of stress and burnout among administrators of special education. Results indicated administrators of…

  11. Trabajo emocional y burnout: un estudio con policías militares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joatã Soares Coelho Alves

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue verificar el papel predictor del trabajo emocional en la incidencia del burnout en policías militares. Participaron 525 militares profesionales: 408 hombres y 117 mujeres. Tres escalas adaptadas para portugués fueron usadas en el estudio: Emotional Labour Scale, Emotion Work Requirements Scale y la subescala de agotamiento emocional de Maslach Burnout Inventory. Análisis de regresión múltiple fueron realizados para evaluar el poder predictivo de las dimensiones de trabajo emocional y de variables sociodemográficas sobre el burnout. Los resultados indican que todas las dimensiones de trabajo emocional se mostraron como predictores de burnout: variedad e intensidad de las emociones, frecuencia de interacción con sospechosos y criminales, regulación profunda y regulación superficial, y la necesidad de expresar emociones positivas como parte del trabajo policial. Haber completado la escuela secundaria, ser Cabo y actuar en el servicio extremo también fueron predictores de burnout. Las evidencias del impacto del trabajo emocional y del cargo en la incidencia de burnout ponen en evidencia la importancia de dar atención especial a la salud y al desarrollo de competencias socioemocionales de policías militares

  12. La evaluación específica del síndrome de Burnout en psicólogos: el "inventario de Burnout de psicólogos"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA MARIA T. BENEVIDES PEREIRA

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación del "burnout" se ha extendido a una amplia variedad de profesiones, asistenciales y no asistenciales, sin embargo el estudio del burnout en psicólogos es relativamente escaso a pesar de ser una profesión con alto riesgo de burnout. El "Inventario de Burnout de Psicólogos" (IBP es un instrumento elaborado específicamente para evaluar los procesos de burnout en los psicólogos que consta de tres partes: características profesionales, dimensiones del burnout y sintomatología de estrés asociada. La aplicación del IBP a una muestra de 203 profesionales de la psicología, de lengua española y brasileña, ha mostrado claramente una estructura factorial de tres factores según el modelo asistencial clásico de burnout: cansancio emocional, despersonalización y falta de realización personal. La sintomatología asociada se factorializa en tres dimensiones: consecuencias psicológicas, físicas y sociales. Las tres partes del IBP están altamente asociadas de forma que las características profesionales se asocian al nivel de burnout y los niveles del burnout a la sintomatología percibida.

  13. Estrés Laboral y el Síndrome de Burnout en Docentes Venezolanos

    OpenAIRE

    Oramas Viera, Arlene; Almirall Hernandez, Pedro; Fernández, Ivis

    2007-01-01

    La finalidad de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia del estrés laboral percibido por docentes, la afectación por el síndrome de Burnout y la presencia de síntomas de estrés, en esta población, así como las asociaciones existentes entre estas variables. Se realizó un estudio transversal con 885 maestros venezolanos de 53 centros escolares, de los niveles de enseñanza básica y diversificada, de los Estados de Lara, Mérida y Falcón. Fue utilizado el Cuestionario de Burnout de Maslach para...

  14. Preditores da Síndrome de Burnout em estudantes universitários

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Sandra Carlotto

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación tiene como objetivo identificar las variables predictoras del Síndrome de Burnout en una muestra de tipo proporcional estratificada de 514 estudiantes, pertenecientes a todos los cursos del área de la salud de una institución universitaria privada de la región metropolitana de Porto Alegre. Como instrumentos de investigación fueron utilizados el MBI-SS (Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey y un cuestionario para identificación de las demás variables. La aplicación de los instrumentos fue realizada en salones de clase seleccionadas aleatoriamente. Los resultados identificaron la intención de abandonar el curso de la variable de mayor poder predictivo en las tres dimensiones del Síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes: cansancio emocional, incredulidad y eficacia profesional.

  15. [Burnout in nursing residents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, Gianfábio Pimentel; de Barros, Alba Lúcia Bottura Leite; Nogueira-Martins, Luiz Antônio; Zeitoun, Sandra Salloum

    2011-03-01

    Nursing residents may experience physical and emotional exhaustion from the daily life of attending the Program. The aim of this study was to determine the Burnout incidence among Nursing Residents. An investigative, descriptive, analytical, longitudinal-prospective study was conducted with 16 Residents over two years. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used, translated and validated for Brazil, as well as a sociodemographic/occupational data tool. Of all residents, 17.2% showed high rates in Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization; 18.8% showed impaired commitment in Personal Accomplishment, 75% of which belonged to specialty areas, such as Emergency Nursing, Adult and Pediatric Intensive Care. Age and specialty area were positively correlated with Personal Accomplishment. One of the Residents was identified with changes in three subscales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, thus characterized as a Burnout Syndrome patient. Nursing Residents have profiles of disease. Knowing these factors can minimize health risks of these workers.

  16. Prevalencia del síndrome de agotamiento profesional (burnout) en médicos familiares mexicanos: análisis de factores de riesgo

    OpenAIRE

    Castañeda Aguilera, Enrique; García de Alba García, Javier E.

    2010-01-01

    Introducción: El síndrome de agotamiento profesional (burnout) se refiere a un problema de tipo psicosocial que se presenta más frecuentemente entre los médicos. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y los factores de riesgo en los médicos familiares mexicanos. Método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo-transversal, mediante muestra aleatoria con asignación proporcional de 240 profesionales aplicándoseles el Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey en forma autoadministrada. Las estadíst...

  17. How to Measure Coach Burnout: An Evaluation of Three Burnout Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundkvist, Erik; Stenling, Andreas; Gustafsson, Henrik; Hassmén, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Although coach burnout has been studied for 30 years, what measure to use in this context has not yet been problematized. This study focuses on evaluating convergent and discriminant validity of three coach burnout measures by using multi-trait/multi-method analysis (CT-C[M-1]) model. We choose Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the two dimensional…

  18. Cultural Validation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory for Korean Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Hyojung; Puig, Ana; Lee, Jayoung; Lee, Ji Hee; Lee, Sang Min

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the factorial validity of the MBI-SS in Korean students. Specifically, we investigated whether the original three-factor structure of the MBI-SS was appropriate for use with Korean students. In addition, by running multi-group structural equation model analyses with factorial invariance tests simultaneously…

  19. Síndrome de Burnout em trabalhadores de enfermagem de um pronto socorro de hospital universitário Síndrome de Burnout en trabajadores de enfermería del servicio de emergencia de un hospital universitario Burnout Syndrome among nursing staff from an emergency department of a hniversity hospital

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Albieri Jodas; Maria do Carmo Lourenço Haddad

    2009-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Investigar sinais e sintomas de burnout em trabalhadores de enfermagem de um Pronto Socorro de Hospital Universitário correlacionando-os com fatores preditores. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo quantitativo, com 61 trabalhadores de enfermagem. Utilizou-se um questionário estruturado, auto-aplicável, acrescido do instrumento Maslach Burnout Inventory. A análise dos dados foi feita através do Epiinfo 2004. RESULTADOS: Dos 61 trabalhadores que participaram do estudo, 8,2% apresentavam manife...

  20. Burnout en la enseñanza: Aspectos atribucionales

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    M.ª ANTONIA MANASSERO

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La teoría de la atribución establece que las dimensiones atributivas de las causas percibidas de un hecho determinan el tipo de conducta de las personas sobre el mismo. Las causas percibidas del burnout pueden modular la conducta de afrontamiento del mismo. Se analizan las relaciones entre las dimensiones del burnout y la atribución causal en una muestra de 614 profesores de preescolar a secundaria/bachillerato de las Islas Baleares. Se aplicó la Escala de Dimensiones Causales Atributivas, que evalúa Lugar de Causalidad, Estabilidad, Controlabilidad, Globalidad e Intencionalidad de la causa percibida del estrés. El burnout se midió con una versión propia del MBI para profesores (Maslach y Jackson, 1986. Los resultados obtenidos indican que las dimensiones de burnout presentan una relación moderada con las dimensiones causales, de modo que a mayor Agotamiento Emocional se corresponde con percepciones de causas más estables, globales, intencionales y menos controlables; a mayor Despersonalización nos encontramos con percepciones de causas más internas, estables, intencionales y globales; mientras que mayor Realización Personal se corresponde con percepciones de causas menos estables (inestables, menos globales (específicas y más controlables. Se analizan las consecuencias y las estrategias de intervención que puede aportar el marco teórico de la atribución.

  1. Prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout en el personal de Enfermería de dos Hospitales del Estado de México

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Rodríguez García

    2009-01-01

    Objetivos: Determinar la prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout en el personal de enfermería de dos Hospitales del Estado de México. Hacer una comparación de la prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout en ambos hospitales; así como describir los factores que lo ocasionan. Material y método: Se realizó una investigación de tipo descriptiva; con un estudio transversal, prospectivo y comparativo. El estudio se llevó a cabo en el personal de enfermería, con una población de 407 enfermeros, mediante un mu...

  2. Aparición del burnout en jugadores de fútbol de primera división profesional en México: Estrategias de intervención

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Salgado Mejía

    2011-01-01

    Durante la temporada 2009/2010 se evaluó a un equipo de futbol profesional primera división en México, con la escala de Maslach y Jackson para evaluar la presencia de Burnout. Encontrándose diferencias significativas posteriores a la intervención psicológica.

  3. Burnout and Associated Factors among Iranian Emergency Medicine Practitioners

    OpenAIRE

    JALILI, Mohammad; SADEGHIPOUR ROODSARI, Gholamreza; BASSIR NIA, Anahita

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Emergency physicians are at risk of burnout, which can affect their mental health, as well as patient care. We assessed burnout level among Iranian emergency physicians and investigated demographic, work-related factors and stressors associated with higher burnout. Methods In a cross-sectional study, we surveyed all 188 emergency medicine residents and practitioners in Iran. We measured burnout using 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory assessing emotional exhaustion, deperso...

  4. El Burnout del Profesorado Universitario y las Intenciones de Abandono: Un Estudio Multi-Muestra

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    Bernardo Moreno-Jiménez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Las investigaciones realizadas hasta el momento han identificado al burnout como una respuesta crónica de estrés, fruto del desajuste entre las demandas y los recursos laborales, y como unos de los principales predictores de las intenciones de abandono y en último término del propio abandono de la profesión. Con una muestra de 885 profesores universitarios representativa de tres universidades españolas se analizaron los posibles efectos de mediación del burnout en la relación entre demandas, conflicto interpersonal e intenciones de abandono. Los resultados obtenidos demostraron que tanto el agotamiento emocional como el distanciamiento mediaron los efectos que las demandas y el conflicto tienen sobre las intenciones de abandono, mientras que los recursos laborales predijeron negativamente las intenciones de abandono de manera directa. Los resultados obtenidos apoyaron la aplicabilidad de un modelo extendido de demandas-recursos laborales (JD-R model en profesores universitarios.

  5. Self-Efficacy and Burnout in Professional School Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunduz, Bulent

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the relationships between burnout and self-efficacy among school counselors. Also, the level of their burnout and self-efficacy was examined in terms of the social support, task perception and the number of students. A sample of 194 school counselors filled out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, The School Counselors…

  6. Factors Affecting Role Stress and Burnout among School Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willingham, Wendy Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine factors affecting role stress and burnout among practicing school counselors as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES) and the Role Conflict and Ambiguity Scale. The MBI-ES utilizes three subscales to measure burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal…

  7. Burnout Comparison among Residents in Different Medical Specialties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martini, Shahm; Arfken, Cynthia L.; Churchill, Amy; Balon, Richard

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To investigate resident burnout in relation to work and home-related factors. Method: Maslach Burnout Inventory was mailed to residents in eight different medical specialties, with a response rate of 35%. Results: Overall, 50% of residents met burnout criteria, ranging from 75% (obstetrics/gynecology) to 27% (family medicine). The first…

  8. [Burnout in physicians].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurzthaler, Ilsemarie; Kemmler, Georg; Fleischhacker, W Wolfgang

    2017-06-01

    Burnout is a syndrome characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment. The primary objective of this study was to investigate both the prevalence and severity of burnout symptoms in a sample of clinical physicians from different speciality disciplines. A total of 69 clinical physicians ≤55 years who are working at the Medical University/regional Hospital Innsbruck were included into a cross-sectional study. Next to the assessment of sociodemographic and work-related variables the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used to investigate burnout symtoms. Overall, 8.8% of the study population showed high emotional exhaustion with high or moderate depersonalization and low personal accomplishment and therefore had a high risk to develop a burnout syndrom. 11.8% showed a moderade burnout risk. Neither sociodemographic variables nor the degree of educational qualification or speciality discipline had an influence on burnout symptoms. However, there was a positive correlation between scientific activity and personal accomplihment. Our results suggest that the dimension of burnout symtoms among clinical physicians in Austria has be taken seriously. Further research is needed to develop specific programs in terms of burnout prevention and burnout therapy.

  9. Defining the student burnout construct: a structural analysis from three burnout inventories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maroco, João; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini

    2012-12-01

    College student burnout has been assessed mainly with the Maslach burnout inventory (MBI). However, the construct's definition and measurement with MBI has drawn several criticisms and new inventories have been suggested for the evaluation of the syndrome. A redefinition of the construct of student burnout is proposed by means of a structural equation model, reflecting burnout as a second order factor defined by factors from the MBI-student survey (MBI-SS); the Copenhagen burnout inventory-student survey (CBI-SS) and the Oldenburg burnout inventory-student survey (OLBI-SS). Standardized regression weights from Burnout to Exhaustion and Cynicism from the MBI-SS scale, personal burnout and studies related burnout from the CBI, and exhaustion and disengagement from OLBI, show that these factors are strong manifestations of students' burnout. For college students, the burnout construct is best defined by two dimensions described as "physical and psychological exhaustion" and "cynicism and disengagement".

  10. Burnout Levels of Handball Players with Respect to Age, Gender and Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toros, Turhan

    2018-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate burnout levels of handball players in terms of age, gender and experience. In this study, 116 female and 128 male, totally 244 handball players with the mean age 22.39 ± 1.98 year participated voluntarily. Maslach Burnout Inventory that originally developed by Maslach and Jackson (1981) and adapted to…

  11. The relationship between the big five personality factors and burnout : A study among volunteer counselors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, A.B.; Van der Zee, K.I.; Lewig, K.A.; Dollard, M.F.

    In the present study of 80 volunteer counselors who cared for terminally ill patients, the authors examined the relationship between burnout as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (C. Maslach, S. E. Jackson, & M. P. Leiter, 1996) and the 5 basic (Big Five) personality factors (A. A. J.

  12. The construct validity of an alternative measure of burnout: investigating the English translation of the Oldenburg burnout inventory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Halbesleben, J.R.B.; Demerouti, E.

    2005-01-01

    While the most commonly employed burnout measure has been the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), researchers have been troubled by some of the psychometric limitations of that scale (e.g. wording of the scale items) as well as the limited conceptualization of burnout upon which it is based. As a

  13. Understanding Burnout and Promoting Engagement among Adjunct Faculty in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Michael Alan

    2012-01-01

    This mixed methods study explored the phenomenon of job burnout among adjunct faculty at two suburban Illinois community colleges. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators' Survey (MBI-ES) was administered to adjuncts at both colleges to determine overall levels of burnout for the three dimensions of burnout--emotional exhaustion,…

  14. A Measure of Burnout for Business Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Daniel W.

    2010-01-01

    The author surveyed 163 business students representing all business majors from a major state university. Participants completed a questionnaire utilizing a modified version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The data were factor analyzed to assess its basic underlying structure, and each burnout component was assessed for reliability. Results…

  15. Burnout development among dentists : a longitudinal study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Brake, H.; Smits, N.; Wicherts, J.M.; Gorter, R.C.; Hoogstraten, J.

    2008-01-01

    Knowledge on the development of burnout among dentists is important for purposes of prevention and intervention. Using a two-wave longitudinal design, this study examined the chronological sequence of the three dimensions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory: emotional exhaustion; depersonalization; and

  16. Síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes internos durante su estancia por el Hospital Pediátrico del Cerro

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    José Ramón Acosta-Torres

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Determinar la presencia del síndrome de Burnout en su orientación unidimensional entre los estudiantes internos del sexto año de la carrera de Medicina durante su rotación por Pediatría. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal y descriptivo mediante la aplicación de la Escala Unidimensional del Burnout Estudiantil de Barraza Macías a una muestra de 230 alumnos del sexto año de la carrera de Medicina, durante su rotación por el Hospital Docente Pediátrico del Cerro, previo consentimiento informado; se indagó la presencia del mismo, sus características y se relacionó la entidad con las variables de la edad y el sexo de los estudiantes. Una vez obtenidos los datos, éstos se almacenaron en una página Excel y se procesaron por el programa XLSTAT 9, mediante la aplicación del método porcentual y el estadígrafo X2, con una significación de p < 0,05. Resultados: Se observó una incidencia del síndrome de Burnout con un nivel leve (83,91% y moderado (13,42% en la población estudiada. Su predominio se identificó en el sexo femenino, con significación estadística e independiente de la edad. Conclusiones: Los alumnos internos en su rotación por la asignatura de Pediatría se encuentran afectados en su mayoría por el síndrome de Burnout en un nivel leve, observándose dependencia del mismo en relación con el sexo femenino.

  17. El síndrome de burnout en funcionarios de vigilancia de un centro penitenciario

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    Lorenzo Hernández-Martín

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo ex post facto prospectivo se estudia, mediante el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, el síndrome de burnout en 133 funcionarios de vigilancia de un centro penitenciario, quienes realizan una actividad laboral encaminada a garantizar la seguridad interior de la prisión. Este estudio además tiene por objeto replicar la estructura factorial del MBI y examinar la relación entre burnout y algunas variables sociodemográficas (edad, sexo, estado civil y nivel de estudios, la experiencia profesional y la categoría laboral (Vigilancia-1 y Vigilancia-2. Según los criterios de Gil- Monte y Peiró los resultados indican que el 43,60% de los sujetos padece burnout en grado alto. El análisis factorial corrobora la estructura tridimensional del MBI –cansancio emocional, realización personal y despersonalización-. Los sujetos de menor edad mostraron actitudes más negativas hacia el trabajo (despersonalización que los de mayor edad. La relación del resto de variables sociodemográficas, la experiencia profesional y categoría laboral con las tres dimensiones del burnout no resultó significativa.

  18. Características demográficas y laborales asociadas al Síndrome de Burnout en profesionales de la salud

    OpenAIRE

    José Hernando Ávila Toscano; Leidy Tatiana Gómez Hernández; Marlen Margoth Montiel Salgado

    2010-01-01

    Objetivo. Estudiar la relación entre variables demográficas y laborales con el Síndrome de Burnout en una muestra de 99 profesionales de la salud de dos clínicas privadas de la ciudad de Montería (Costa Caribe, Colombia). Método. Los individuos fueron evaluados mediante un diseño correlacional de corte transversal y enfoque cuantitativo, en el cual se aplicó el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) para la detección del síndrome a través de las dimensiones de despersonalización, agotamiento emo...

  19. Relación de los factores de riesgo psicosociales y el síndrome de burnout en docentes de planta de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander en el periodo del 2011-2012

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    Patricia Vélez-Laguado

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: determinar la relación entre factores psicosociales y el síndrome de burnout en los docentes de planta de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander en el periodo 2011-2012. Materiales y Métodos: La investigación desarrolló una metodología cuantitativa descriptiva, correlacional de corte transversal. La población de estudio estuvo constituida por el total de 112 profesores. La muestra del estudio es censal, sin embargo la encuesta se aplicó a 90 docentes, los cuales cumplían con los criterios de inclusión y accedieron a responderla. La recolección de la información se realizó a través del cuestionario de Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI y la Escala de Factores Psicosociales en el Trabajo Académico. Resultados: se encontró un predomino del género masculino con un 60% seguido del femenino con un 30%, la edad promedio fue de 45.5 años, predominó el estado civil casado con 71.1%, en cuanto a la formación académica el 54.44% poseen maestría, el 24,44% especialización y el 21,11% doctorado; por otro lado los resultados muestran que el 42,2% de la población puede considerarse con síndrome, pues presentan al menos una de las dimensiones quemada de las tres dimensiones del síndrome de burnout.Conclusiones: Se determinó que hay un mayor riesgo para agotamiento emocional en aquellos docentes donde la carga de trabajo, el papel académico y desarrollo de la carrera están afectados, a pesar de no existir evidencia estadística que permita concluir que hay dependencia entre estos factores psicosociales y esta dimensión.

  20. Análisis bayesiano de variables relacionadas con el desarrollo del sindrome de Burnout en profesionales sanitarios (Bayesian analysis of variables related to the developmentof Burnout syndrome in health professionals

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    Guillermo A. Cañadas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Burnout syndrome has a high incidence among professional healthcare and social workers. This leads to deterioration in the quality of their working life and affects their health, the organization where they work and, via their clients, society itself. Given these serious effects, many studies have investigated this construct and identified groups at increased risk of the syndrome. The present work has 2 main aims: to compare burnout levels in potential risk groups among professional healthcare workers; and to compare them using standard and Bayesian statistical analysis. The sample consisted of 108 psycho-social care workers based at 2 centers run by the Granada Council in Spain. All participants, anonymously and individually, filled in a booklet that included questions on personal information and the Spanish adaptation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. Standard and Bayesian analysis of variance were used to identify the risk factors associated with different levels of burnout. It was found that the information provided by the Bayesian procedure complemented that provided by the standard procedure.

  1. Language Teachers’ Burnout and Gender

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    Mahboobeh Jamshidirad

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gender on the three burnout dimensions; emotional exhaustion (EE, depersonalization (DP and personal accomplishment (PA among English language teachers in Malaysia. This study was a quantitative survey study. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES (Maslach, Jackson, & Schwab, 1986 was used to collect the data to determine the burnout levels of the teachers with respect to its three dimensions. These Data was collected from 28 English language teachers (50% female. Descriptive and inferential statistics including frequency, percentage, means, standard deviations, and t-test were used in the analysis. The results showed that gender was not a predictor of burnout in this sample. The study can have useful implications for educational administrators who deal with language teachers.

  2. Calidad de Vida Profesional y Síndrome de Burnout del personal de salud del Servicio de Cuidado Crítico Neonatal del Hospital “San Bartolomé”, Lima – 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas Salinas, Jakelina Marly; Pintado Dávila, Janet

    2015-01-01

    Conocer la calidad de vida profesional y el Síndrome de Burnout del personal de salud es muy importante porque ambos pueden determinar el rendimiento laboral, la obtención de mejores resultados y una elevada productividad. Objetivo: Describir las características de la Calidad de Vida Profesional y el Síndrome de Burnout del personal de salud del Servicio de Cuidado Crítico Neonatal del Hospital “San Bartolomé”, Lima -2014. Material y Método: Se ha realizado un estudio de enf...

  3. Estudio unidimensional del síndrome de burnout en estudiantes de medicina de Holguín

    OpenAIRE

    Rosales Ricardo, Yury

    2012-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal entre octubre y noviembre de 2010. Objetivos: Determinar la presencia del Síndrome de Burnout en su enfoque unidimensional en estudiantes de primer año de medicina de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Holguín (UCMH). Métodos: Se escogieron aleatoriamente 70 estudiantes de primer año, 35 de cada sexo (85 % de la población), a los que se les aplicó el instrumento Escala Unidimensional de Burnout Estudiantil. Resultados: El sexo femenino (sin Bur...

  4. Avaliação de burnout em uma amostra de policiais civis Evaluación de burnout en una muestra de policiales civiles Assessment of burnout levels in a sample of police officers

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    Núbia de Mesquita Silveira

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Comparar os níveis de burnout em dois grupos de policiais civis, considerando a área de atuação dos mesmos (atividade laboral interna ou externa. MÉTODO: Utilizando a versão em português do Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, um grupo de 35 policiais envolvidos em atividades externas foi comparado com um grupo de 25 policiais envolvidos em atividades internas. Utilizou-se o teste t de Student para comparar o escore total da escala, bem como os fatores constituintes da mesma. RESULTADOS: Considerando-se um nível de significância de 95%, não houve diferenças entre os dois grupos para o escore total da escala (p OBJETIVO: Comparar los niveles de burnout en dos grupos de policiales, considerándose sus áreas de actuación - actividad de trabajo interna o externa. MÉTODO: Utilizándose la versión en portugués del Maslach Burnout Inventary (MBI, un grupo de 35 policiales que realizan actividades externas fue comparado a un grupo de 25 policiales que hacen actividades internas. Se ha utilizado el test t de Student para comparar el escore total de la escala, así como los factores que la constituyen. RESULTADOS: Considerándose un nivel de significación del 95% no hubo diferencia entre los dos grupos para el escore total de la escala (p OBJECTIVE: To compare burnout levels in two groups of police officers, considering their working activities (administrative vs. operational. METHODS: Using a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, a group of 35 police officers involved in operational activities was compared to a group of 25 officers involved in administrative activities. The Student t test was used to compare the total scores obtained in the scale, as well as the scores obtained individually in each of the factors that constitute it. RESULTS: Considering a level of significance of 95%, no difference was observed between the two groups in the total scores obtained in the scale (p < 0.383 and neither in

  5. Burnout and Work Engagement Among US Dentists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvo, Jean Marie; Kwatra, Japneet; Yansane, Alfa; Tokede, Oluwabunmi; Gorter, Ronald C; Kalenderian, Elsbeth

    2017-06-30

    Burnout is a threat to patient safety. It relates to emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment. Work engagement conversely composed of levels of vigor, dedication, and absorption in one's profession. The aim of this study was to examine burnout and work engagement among US dentists. This study used the extensively validated Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale to measure burnout in a self-administered survey of 167 US dentists who attended continuing education courses held in Boston, Pittsburg, Iowa City, and Las Vegas. The mean scores on the 3 subscales of Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale were computed. The interscale correlations between the components of burnout and work engagement were assessed using Pearson correlations. We used 1-way analysis of variance and independent 2 sample t tests to examine the relationship between burnout and work engagement across sex and various age categories. Prevalence of burnout in our study population was also computed. We observed that 13.2% of our study population experienced burnout and 16.2% of our study population was highly work engaged. There was a statistically significant, unadjusted association between burnout risk and work engagement (χ = 22.51, P work engagement. In this preliminary study, we observed some evidence of burnout among practicing US dentists. It is imperative that the dental profession understands this and works to promote professional practices that increase work engagement and decrease burnout.

  6. Trainer Burnout: The Syndrome Explored.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waugh, C. Keith; Judd, Michael R.

    2003-01-01

    The educators' version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory was completed by 40 of 156 in-house trainers. More than one-third experience emotional exhaustion weekly, and almost half feel a lack of personal accomplishment. Subscales of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment correlated with perceptions of organizations'…

  7. Relación entre clima organizacional y síndrome de burnout en el servicio de emergencia de un hospital Categoría III-2. Lima, Perú 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Solís Chuquiyauri, Zenaida; Zamudio Eslava, Luisa; Matzumura Kasano, Juan; Gutiérrez Crespo, Hugo

    2016-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre clima organizacional y Síndrome de Burnout en los profesionales de enfermería del Servicio de Emergencia de un Hospital Categoría III-2. Material y métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, prospectivo, correlacional de corte transversal. La muestra estuvo constituida por 43 profesionales de enfermería, mediante un muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Para el análisis y estudio de las variables, se utilizó la escala de Rensis Likert y Maslach Burnout Invent...

  8. Diferencias por sexo, Síndrome de burnout y manifestaciones clínicas, en los médicos familiares de dos instituciones de salud, Guadalajara, México

    OpenAIRE

    Aranda Beltrán, Carolina

    2006-01-01

    Desde la perspectiva psicosocial la definición más aceptada sobre el Síndrome de burnout es la propuesta por Maslach y Jackson, la cual designa un estado de agotamiento físico y mental, con un sujeto despersonalizado y desmotivado para trabajar. El objetivo del trabajo es identificar las diferencias entre el ser hombre o ser mujer con Síndrome de burnout y sus repercusiones en la salud en los médicos familiares de dos instituciones de salud en Guadalajara, México. El estudio es de tipo transv...

  9. Relación entre el burnout y la calidad de vida del cuidador de personas con demencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Deví Bastida

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Determinar el efecto burnout en la calidad de vida del cuidador de personas con demencia. Metodología: Revisión sistemática de artículos científicos que aportan información sobre la calidad de vida y el burnout de los cuidadores de personas con demencia. Las fuentes de datos usadas en el presente trabajo son PsycInfo, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, PubMed y Google Schoolar. Se han seleccionado 10 artículos siguiendo los criterios de selección y calidad marcados en la tabla 1, y sus características principales se muestran en la tabla 2. Resultados: Se han agrupado en función de los estadísticos usados en cada estudio; las variables analizadas son aquellas que recogen la relación entre la carga del cuidador y la calidad de vida del cuidador de personas con demencia. Existe una correlación negativa y estadísticamente significativa entre el burnout y la calidad de vida. La calidad de vida depende de los niveles de carga, que a su vez está relacionada con el tiempo que tienen los cuidadores para ellos mismos, el soporte social, los problemas de comportamiento del enfermo con demencia, la autoestima del cuidador y las finanzas. La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud está inversamente relacionada con los niveles de dependencia de la persona con demencia y con la edad del cuidador. Conclusiones: Una mayor percepción de carga conlleva una peor calidad de vida. Así pues, para mejorar la calidad de vida de los cuidadores de una persona con demencia debemos incidir en las variables que influyen la carga del cuidador.

  10. Evaluación del desempeño docente, estrés y burnout en profesores universitarios

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    Magaly Cárdenas Rodríguez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es un estudio correlacional con diseño ex post facto, cuyo propósito es examinar la relación entre los puntajes obtenidos por docentes universitarios en la evaluación de su desempeño con el grado de estrés percibido y con la presencia de indicadores del síndrome de Burnout. Para ello se plantearon los siguientes objetivos: 1 analizar la relación que existe entre los niveles de estrés percibido y el desempeño docente; 2 analizar la relación que existe entre el Burnout y el desempeño docente; y 3 analizar la relación que existe entre los niveles de estrés percibido y Burnout. En la recolección de datos se aplicaron la Escala de Estrés Percibido de Cohen y el Cuestionario de Burnout del Profesorado a una muestra convencional de 59 catedráticos de una facultad de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (México. Se examinaron los resultados de la evaluación del desempeño docente administrada a los alumnos en dos períodos inmediatos anteriores. La mayoría de las correlaciones entre el desempeño docente con estrés y Burnout resultaron débiles y no significativas; solamente resultó significativa la correlación entre falta de realización y cambio en el desempeño docente, que fue una correlación negativa (r=-.446; p=.003. La correlación entre los dos aspectos de desorganización institucional, supervisión y condiciones organizacionales, con cambio en desempeño docente, indicaron que, a medida que se percibe más desorganización institucional, el desempeño docente empeora (r=-.361, p=.019 y r=.308, p=.047; respectivamente. En síntesis, los resultados indican que la falta de realización y la desorganización pueden estar relacionadas con el decremento del desempeño docente. The present article is a correlational study with an ex post facto design. Its purpose was to examine the relationship between scores obtained by university teachers at an evaluation of their perceived stress degree and the

  11. Burnout: need help?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sari Azade

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout syndrome is a psychological situation induced with working, especially in high-risk parts of the hospitals that affects the physical and mental conditions of the staff. The aim is to identify the characteristics of the staff related to Burnout Syndrome in the Emergency Department (ED. Methods The study includes the Maslach Burnout Inventory and other new individual research questions. The responders were the volunteers and comprised physicians, nurses, nurses' aides from EDs of all urban state hospitals of Adana (43.3%. Burnout scores were analyzed with regard to individual characteristics; supplementary work, marital status, the number of children, occupation, salary, career satisfaction, satisfaction in private life. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskall-Wallis test were performed using SPSS 15.00. Results There were no relation between Burnout scores and supplementary work, marital status, number of children, occupation, salary, private life satisfaction, except for career satisfaction. Conclusion Presence and severity of Burnout syndrome were linked to career satisfaction without personal features and salaries. All branches of healthcare occupations in ED seem to have been affected by Burnout Syndrome similarly.

  12. Burnout: need help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulalp, Betul; Karcioglu, Ozgur; Sari, Azade; Koseoglu, Zikret

    2008-12-05

    Burnout syndrome is a psychological situation induced with working, especially in high-risk parts of the hospitals that affects the physical and mental conditions of the staff. The aim is to identify the characteristics of the staff related to Burnout Syndrome in the Emergency Department (ED). The study includes the Maslach Burnout Inventory and other new individual research questions. The responders were the volunteers and comprised physicians, nurses, nurses' aides from EDs of all urban state hospitals of Adana (43.3%). Burnout scores were analyzed with regard to individual characteristics; supplementary work, marital status, the number of children, occupation, salary, career satisfaction, satisfaction in private life. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskall-Wallis test were performed using SPSS 15.00. There were no relation between Burnout scores and supplementary work, marital status, number of children, occupation, salary, private life satisfaction, except for career satisfaction. Presence and severity of Burnout syndrome were linked to career satisfaction without personal features and salaries. All branches of healthcare occupations in ED seem to have been affected by Burnout Syndrome similarly.

  13. Estrategias que modulan el síndrome de Burnout en enfermeros (as: una revisión bibliográfica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Dalila Vargas-Cruz

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el síndrome de Burnout es la sensación de agotamiento y pérdida de interés por el trabajo que surge en profesionales que mantienen contacto diario con otras personas. Metodología: se realizó una revisión de artículos que reportan estrategias para modular el Burnout en profesionales de enfermería, en las siguientes bases de datos: Scielo, ProQuest, Sciencie Direct, Ovid Nursing, EBSCO, Medline, Pubmed y Wiley Online Library. Los descriptores en español, inglés y portugués utilizados fueron: Burnout, enfermeras, intervenciones. Se encontraron 1.833 artículos, de los cuales 17 cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Resultados: el efecto de las intervenciones pre y post para el Burnout fue medido con el Maslach Burnout Inventory y la Escala de Depresión y Ansiedad Hospitalaria, entre otros. Las intervenciones más reportadas fueron apoyo social, psico-educación, entrenamiento en la solución de problemas y en habilidades de comunicación. 16 artículos reportaron disminución o ausencia del Burnout después de las intervenciones, con cambios en las variables propuestas por Maslach y Jackson o en la sostenibilidad en el tiempo. Conclusión: se reportan estrategias para el Burnout sin distinción de las variables del mismo; sin embargo, se evidencian diferencias en los resultados frente a cambios positivos en cansancio emocional, en comparación con las otras variables

  14. Early career burnout among Dutch nurses : A process captured in a Rasch model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vos, Jan Alexander; Brouwers, Andre; Schoot, Tineke; Pat-El, Ron; Verboon, Peter; Näring, Gerard

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates burnout among Dutch nursing graduates as a process by testing a sequential-developmental model. A sample of 237 respondents was recruited from a population of Dutch early career nurses. Burnout was measured with the Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human

  15. Early career burnout among Dutch nurses: A process captured in a Rasch model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, J.A. de; Brouwers, A.; Schoot, T.; Pat-El, R.; Verboon, P.; Näring, G.W.B.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates burnout among Dutch nursing graduates as a process by testing a sequential-developmental model. A sample of 237 respondents was recruited from a population of Dutch early career nurses. Burnout was measured with the Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human

  16. The Assessment of Burnout: A Review of Three Inventories Useful for Research and Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur, Nancy M.

    1990-01-01

    Reviews three self-report inventories designed to respond to syndrome of burnout in helping professionals: Maslach Burnout Inventory, Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals; and Tedium Scale. Describes each instrument, its development, and related research. Provides recommendations for future research. Discusses suggestions for use of the…

  17. Why Do We Stay? Career Rural Teachers' Burnout Compared to Personal Motivational Sources and Demographics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, David J.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of individual motivational sources, demographics, and levels of burnout within career rural school teachers in Nebraska. The dependent variable was the psychological syndrome burnout as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Two independent variables were individual motivational sources (a personality trait…

  18. Burnout, Role Ambiguity, and Coping among MSW Students in Field Placement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Mary

    2018-01-01

    Burnout is a common problem in practicing social workers. This study investigated the effect of burnout, role ambiguity and coping strategies among graduate social work students in field placement. This was accomplished through the usage of the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS), the Role Conflict and Role Ambiguity…

  19. The Influence of Selected Personality and Workplace Features on Burnout among Nurse Academics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kizilci, Sevgi; Erdogan, Vesile; Sozen, Emine

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the influence of selected individual and situational features on burnout among nurse academics. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to assess the burnout levels of academics. The sample population comprised 94 female participant. The emotion exhaustion (EE) score of the nurse academics was 16.43[plus or minus]5.97,…

  20. The Measure of Classroom Stress and Burnout among Gifted and Talented Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fimian, Michael J.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Subjected gifted student data (N=311) to factor analyses for Student Stress Inventory and Maslach Burnout Inventory to assess factorial validity; five stress and three burnout factors were evident. Found significant relationships between stress, burnout, tedium, and, to a degree, quality of school life variables. (Author/NB)

  1. Special Education Teacher Burnout: A Synthesis of Research from 1979 to 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunsting, Nelson C.; Sreckovic, Melissa A.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne

    2014-01-01

    Teacher burnout occurs when teachers undergoing stress for long periods of time experience emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment (Maslach, 2003). Outcomes associated with burnout include teacher attrition, teacher health issues, and negative student outcomes. Special educators are at high risk for burnout as…

  2. Using equity theory to examine the difference between burnout and depression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, Arnold; Schaufeli, WB; Demerouti, E; Janssen, PPM; van der Hulst, Renee; Brouwer, Janneke

    2000-01-01

    This study among a sample of 154 Dutch teachers examines the discriminant validity of burnout and depression, as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), respectively. Confirmatory factor analyses show that burnout can be

  3. Burnout Syndrome in Pediatric Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reem A. Al-Youbi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Burnout is a common work-related syndrome consisting of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and diminished feelings of personal accomplishment. Burnout influences the performance and efficiency of the healthcare professionals and therefore the quality of the care provided. This study aims to assess the burnout rates and potential determinants in pediatrics.Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study involving physicians practicing pediatrics in the Jeddah area of Saudi Arabia was conducted utilizing the Maslach Burnout Inventory in addition to questions regarding work-related and lifestyle-related factors.Results: One hundred and thirty pediatricians (55% females were included with age ranging between 25 and 45 years (mean: 30. Most (46% were consultants and 54% practiced in a university based setting. Burnout scores were abnormal in 107 (82% and in 45 (34% the syndrome was severe. Males were more likely to reach a severe burnout category compared to females (40% vs. 31%; p=0.012. Academic pediatricians working in a university setting were much more likely to experience severe burnout compared to their counterparts working in other hospitals (50% vs. 19%; p=0.0005. Consultants were also more likely to experience severe burnout compared to residents and assistants (46% vs. 27%; p=0.03.Conclusion: At least one third of practicing pediatricians suffer from burnout syndrome. Specific strategies should be developed and implemented to limit and prevent professional burnout.

  4. Burnout syndrome in pediatric practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Youbi, Reem A; Jan, Mohammed M

    2013-07-01

    Burnout is a common work-related syndrome consisting of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and diminished feelings of personal accomplishment. Burnout influences the performance and efficiency of the healthcare professionals and therefore the quality of the care provided. This study aims to assess the burnout rates and potential determinants in pediatrics. A cross-sectional, descriptive study involving physicians practicing pediatrics in the Jeddah area of Saudi Arabia was conducted utilizing the Maslach Burnout Inventory in addition to questions regarding work-related and lifestyle-related factors. One hundred and thirty pediatricians (55% females) were included with age ranging between 25 and 45 years (mean: 30). Most (46%) were consultants and 54% practiced in a university based setting. Burnout scores were abnormal in 107 (82%) and in 45 (34%) the syndrome was severe. Males were more likely to reach a severe burnout category compared to females (40% vs. 31%; p=0.012). Academic pediatricians working in a university setting were much more likely to experience severe burnout compared to their counterparts working in other hospitals (50% vs. 19%; p=0.0005). Consultants were also more likely to experience severe burnout compared to residents and assistants (46% vs. 27%; p=0.03). At least one third of practicing pediatricians suffer from burnout syndrome. Specific strategies should be developed and implemented to limit and prevent professional burnout.

  5. Motivational Orientation and Burnout among Undergraduate College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisarik, Christopher T.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the relationships among motivational orientations based on self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000b) and burnout among undergraduate college students. A sample of 191 university students was administered the "Academic Motivation Scale" (Vallerand et al., 1992) and the "Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student…

  6. Burnout in College Seniors Preparing for the Human Services Professions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, James G.

    The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used to assess the level and intensity of burnout in 165 California State University at Long Beach college seniors preparing for the human services professions, specifically teaching, nursing, criminal justice, and social welfare. A comparison group of 80 engineering seniors was also assessed. The 40-item…

  7. Students' Perceptions of Parental Bonding Styles and Their Academic Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Hyojung; Lee, Jayoung; Kim, Boyoung; Lee, Sang Min

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated how parental bonding style affects academic burnout in Korean adolescents. Participants were 447 middle school students, who completed the Parental Bonding Instrument and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey. MANCOVA results confirmed that adolescents reporting the optimal bonding parental style, for both mother and…

  8. Professional burnout and work engagement among dentists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Te Brake, Hans; Bouman, Anne-Marthe; Gorter, Ronald; Hoogstraten, Johan; Eijkman, Michiel

    2007-06-01

    A recent development within burnout research is the shift to its conceptual opposite: work engagement. This study aimed to unravel the concepts of burnout and work engagement, and to determine their levels among dentists. A representative sample of 497 Dutch general dental practitioners was included (survey response rate of 59%), consisting of 372 men and 121 women (the gender of 4 dentists remained unknown). The hypothesized three-factor structure of work engagement (vigor, dedication, and absorption), as measured by the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), was substantiated among dentists. It was also found that work engagement was related negatively to burnout, as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). However, a model consisting of a reduced ('core') burnout factor and an 'enhanced' engagement factor (composed of the three original factors plus the burnout factor, personal accomplishment) showed the best fit. Overall burnout levels among dentists are low, and the levels of engagement indicate that dentists have a positive working attitude.

  9. Burnout syndrome in first to sixth-year medical students at a private university in the north of Mexico: descriptive cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Asencio-López

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen INTRODUCCIÓN El síndrome de burnout es un síndrome clínico tridimensional, causado por estrés laboral. Es frecuente en profesiones que exigen contacto directo con las personas. En México, la presencia del síndrome de burnout en médicos y estudiantes de medicina, se está caracterizando como una amenaza para la salud, calidad de vida y rendimiento de estos profesionales. OBJETIVO Conocer la prevalencia de síndrome de burnout en estudiantes de primero a sexto año de medicina en una universidad privada del norte de México. MÉTODOS Estudio transversal realizado en la Escuela de Medicina, Campus Laguna de la Universidad Autónoma de Durango. A los participantes se les aplicaron los instrumentos de medición Escala Unidimensional de Burnout Estudiantil (EUBE y Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. Para el análisis de los datos se usó SPSS 19. RESULTADOS De los 344 alumnos participaron 225, 153 de primero a tercer año (grupo 1 y 72 de cuarto a sexto año (grupo 2. El 94,1% de los alumnos del grupo 1 tuvo síndrome de burnout leve y 2,8% tuvo síndrome de burnout moderado; en el grupo 2 el síndrome de burnout moderado se presentó en 27,8% y profundo 8,3%, siendo más elevado en el grupo 2 que en el grupo 1 (p=0,02. CONCLUSIONES El síndrome de burnout afecta a estudiantes de medicina de todos los niveles, se desarrolla en forma progresiva y, en nuestro estudio, los factores externos no influyeron.

  10. EVALUACIÓN DEL DESEMPEÑO DOCENTE, ESTRÉS Y BURNOUT EN PROFESORES UNIVERSITARIOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magaly Cárdenas Rodríguez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es un estudio correlacional con diseño ex post facto , cuyo propósito es examinar la relación entre los puntajes obtenidos por docentes universitarios en la evaluación de su desempeño co n el grado de estrés percibido y con la presencia de indicadores del síndrome de B urnout . Para ello se plantearon los siguientes objetivos: 1 analizar la relación que existe entre los niveles de estrés percibido y el desempeño docente; 2 analizar la rela ción que existe entre el B urnout y el desempeño docente; y 3 analizar la relación que existe entre los niveles de estrés percibido y B urnout . En la recolección de datos se aplicaron la Escala de Estrés Percibido de Cohen y el Cuestionario de Burnout del Profesorado a una muestra convencional de 59 catedráticos de una facultad de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (México . S e examinaron los resultados de la evaluación del desempeño docente administrada a los alumnos en dos períodos inmediatos anterior es. La mayoría de las correlaciones entre el desempeño docente con estrés y B urnout resultaron débiles y no significativas; solamente resultó significativa la correlación entre falta de realización y cambio en el desempeño docente, que fue una correlación negativa (r= - .446; p=.003. La correlación entre los dos aspectos de desorganización institucional, supervisión y condiciones organizacionales, con cambio en desempeño docente, indicaron que, a medida que se percibe más desorganización institucional, el de sempeño docente empeora (r= - .361, p=.019 y r=.308, p=.047; respectivamente. En síntesis, los resultados indican que la falta de realización y la desorganización pueden estar relacionadas con el decremento del desempeño docente.

  11. Impact of critical care environment on burnout, perceived quality of care and safety attitude of the nursing team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guirardello, Edinêis de Brito

    2017-06-05

    assess the perception of the nursing team about the environment of practice in critical care services and its relation with the safety attitude, perceived quality of care and burnout level. cross-sectional study involving 114 nursing professionals from the intensive care unit of a teaching hospital. The following instruments were used: Nursing Work Index-Revised, Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Safety Attitude Questionnaire. the professionals who perceived greater autonomy, good relationships with the medical team and better control over the work environment presented lower levels of burnout, assessed the quality of care as good and reported a positive perception on the safety attitude for the domain job satisfaction. the findings evidenced that environments favorable to these professionals' practice result in lower levels of burnout, a better perceived quality of care and attitudes favorable to patient safety. avaliar a percepção da equipe de enfermagem sobre o ambiente da prática em unidades de cuidados críticos e sua relação com atitude de segurança, percepção da qualidade do cuidado e nível de burnout. estudo transversal com a participação de 114 profissionais de enfermagem da unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital de ensino. Foram utilizados os instrumentos: Nursing Work Index-Revised, Inventário de Burnout de Maslach e o Questionário de Atitudes de Segurança. os profissionais que perceberam maior autonomia, boas relações com a equipe médica e melhor controle sobre o ambiente de trabalho, apresentaram menores níveis de burnout, avaliaram como boa a qualidade do cuidado e relataram uma percepção positiva da atitude de segurança para o domínio satisfação no trabalho. os achados evidenciaram que ambientes favoráveis à prática desses profissionais resultam em menores níveis de burnout, melhor percepção da qualidade do cuidado e atitudes favoráveis à segurança do paciente. evaluar la percepción del equipo de enfermer

  12. Burnout in a sample of primary school teachers in the city of Copiapó

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Jorquera Gutiérrez

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The present investigation sought to establish a relationship between burnout and a number of demographic and organizational variables. The sample consisted of 191 primary school teachers of municipal, subsidized and private educational institutions of Copiapó. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and the Cuestionario de Evaluación del Sindrome de Quemarse en el Trabajo (CESQT were used as tools to gather information from burnout levels presented by teachers. Two of them demonstrated an adequate reliability and concurrent validity. The results show a statistically significant relationship between absenteeism variable and all dimensions of burnout as measured by both instruments. No statistically significant differences between variables MBI and CESQT compared by sex, type of contract and income level were observed. When comparing the different dimensions of burnout by type of holder, statistically significant differences were detected in all of them. The results favor the private schools, showing the worst results in municipal schools. Alongside this, a negative correlation between levels of emotional exhaustion and psychological wear developed by teams of teachers and the results of the tests SIMCE [Sistema de Medición de la Calidad de la Educación] for second and fourth grade is observed.

  13. El síndrome de quemarse en el trabajo (burnout en docentes universitarios

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    Robert Ferrel

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available  Resumen La investigación se realizó con el objetivo de establecer y describir la presencia o ausencia del síndrome del quemado (burnout en los docentes universitarios, teniendo en cuenta su edad y tipo de vinculación. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal, que tuvo como muestra representativa a 225 Docentes universitarios (docentes de tiempo completo, tiempo parcial y contratado por horas; todos con experiencia docente y vinculación laboral mayor de cinco años en una Universidad Pública. Se aplicó el “Inventario del síndrome del quemado de Maslach” (Maslach Burnout Inventory, M.B.I; por su sigla en inglés forma educativa. Los resultados muestran el predominio de una puntuación baja en las tres dimensiones del Inventario (desgaste emocional, despersonalización y falta de realización personal en los tres tipos de docentes; por lo que se estableció la ausencia del Síndrome en esta población. Sin embargo, se hallaron diferencias significativas según análisis de varianza ANOVA (P<0,05 en cuanto a tipo de vinculación docente y las variables evaluadas por el Inventario. Al comparar los Grupos, los docentes contratados por horas obtuvieron las puntuaciones más altas en las tres dimensiones: pero no se encontraron diferencias entre los docentes de tiempo completo y los de tiempo parcial. Se concluye que, aunque no se evidencia la presencia del síndrome del quemado en general, hay una tendencia a presentarla, especialmente, en el grupo de profesores contratados por horas, posiblemente debido a su gran carga horaria y falta de estabilidad laboral, entre otros, lo que confirma resultados de otros estudios relacionados. Se recomienda una asignación racional de las labores docentes, inclusión en el diseño de políticas universitarias y actividades alternas de bienestar y ocio que mejoren su calidad de vida laboral. (DUAZARY 2010; 15 - 28AbstractThe research was conducted with the objective to establish and

  14. Stress and burnout among Swiss dental residents

    OpenAIRE

    Divaris, Kimon; Lai, Caroline S; Polychronopoulou, Argy; Eliades, Theodore; Katsaros, Christos

    2012-01-01

    Stress and burnout have been well-documented in graduate medical and undergraduate dental education, but studies among dental graduate students and residents are sparse. The purpose of this investigation was to examine perceived stressors and three dimensions of burnout among dental residents enrolled in the University of Bern, Switzerland. Thirty-six residents enrolled in five specialty programmes were administered the Graduate Dental Environment Stress (GDES30) questionnaire and the Maslach...

  15. Burnout syndrome in nursing undergraduate students

    OpenAIRE

    Juliana Inhauser Riceti Acioli Barboza; Ruth Beresin

    2007-01-01

    Objectives: To classify nursing students on a socio-demographic basisin order to check whether they are acquainted with the meaning ofthe term burnout syndrome; to check for the presence of the burnoutsyndrome and assess its levels in undergraduate nurses. Methods:A cross-section study was carried out of 102 students at the NursingSchool of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. A questionnaire wasmade up by the authors and applied along with the Maslachs BurnoutInventory (MBI). Results: Nin...

  16. Sindrome de desgaste profesional (burnout en médicos especialistas de un hospital universitario, de la ciudad de Santa Marta, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Ferrel

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenDiversas investigaciones han señalado una estrecha relación entre el síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo o de desgaste profesional (burnout y los problemas de salud, relacionando al burnout como una de las causas del deterioro de las condiciones de trabajo y fuente de la accidentalidad y absentismo laboral, especialmente en profesionales de la salud y la educación. La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo establecer y describir la existencia del síndrome de burnout en médicos especialistas que laboran en un Hospital Universitario de tercer nivel de la Ciudad de Santa Marta, Colombia. La población estuvo conformada por 56 médicos especialistas vinculados a dicha Institución, a los cuales se les aplicó el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, teniendo en cuenta la edad, especialización y tiempo de vinculación. Los datos fueron procesados por el Software SPSS, 15.0v, haciendo uso de la estadística descriptiva para establecer el nivel de burnout en esta población. Se encontró un alto nivel de agotamiento emocional (94,6% en comparación con las otras dos variables, estando la despersonalización (53,6% y la falta de realización personal (53,6 en un nivel medio, estableciéndose la presencia del síndrome de burnout en un nivel medio en los médicos especialistas del Hospital Universitario. Estos resultados concuerdan con otros estudios similares. Los autores recomiendan continuar con otros estudios incluyendo nuevas variables, así como acciones organizacionales y personales para prevenir el estrés laboral fuente del burnout y mejorar la calidad de los servicios de salud en el Distrito de Santa Marta. (DUAZARY 2010, 29 - 40Abstract Various studies have indicated a close relationship between the syndrome of burnout or burnout (burnout and health problems, relating to the syndrome as a cause of deteriorating working conditions and the source of accidents and absenteeism workforce, especially in healthcare and education. This

  17. Emociones positivas y negativas en la predicción del burnout y engagement en el trabajo

    OpenAIRE

    Castellano, Estanislao; Cifre Gallego, Eva; Spontón, Carlos; Medrano, Leonardo Adrián; Maffei, Luis

    2013-01-01

    En el presente estudio se prueba un modelo donde las emociones positivas presentan una relación directa y positiva con el engagement (hipótesis 1) y directa y negativa con el burnout (hipótesis 2). Para ello se cuenta con la participación de 407 trabajadores de empresas privadas de Argentina. Los resultados de Modelos de Ecuaciones Estructurales muestran que el modelo presenta un buen ajus- te a los datos (CFI = .97; GFI= .97 RMSEA= 0.09) y un considerable valor explicativo (66% del engag...

  18. Burnout y engagement en estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    África Martos

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Con frecuencia, los estudiantes se ven inmersos en situaciones, actividades y eventos académicos que generan estrés y ansiedad El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el nivel de burnout y engagement en estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud, así como la salud percibida en estos. Igualmente, dada la importancia de la Inteligencia Emocional en la prevención del desarrollo de burnout, el segundo objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la existencia de diferencias en función de la titulación, con respecto a los factores de la Inteligencia Emocional (interpersonal, intrapersonal, manejo del estrés, adaptabilidad y estado de ánimo. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 63 alumnos que cursaban titulaciones superiores de ciencias de la salud, a los que se les administró un cuestionario ad hoc, la versión para estudiantes del Maslach Burnout Inventory y la Escala de Bienestar en el Contexto Académico. De acuerdo a los resultados, no existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas en Burnout y Engagement entre los estudiantes universitarios de enfermería y los jóvenes que cursan formación profesional de Técnico de Cuidados Auxiliares de Enfermería. Igualmente, se halló que los jóvenes que sienten realizar de manera adecuada sus tareas y ser competentes en sus estudios presentan una autoeficacia más alta y una mayor dedicación hacia estos. A la par, la dedicación hacia los estudios mostró estar relacionada con la salud percibida. Por último, se halló la existencia de diferencias significativas entre los estudiantes de enfermería y de TCAE en el factor Intrapersonal. De manera que fueron los estudiantes de TCAE quienes mostraron una inteligencia emocional intrapersonal más alta.

  19. Development and validation of the Granada Burnout Questionnaire in Spanish police

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia I. de la Fuente

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio es desarrollar un cuestionario, con propiedades psicométricas adecuadas y baremos actuales, para evaluar el síndrome de burnout en España. Se utiliza la definición de burnout propuesta por Maslach y Jackson para definir las tres dimensiones (Cansancio emocional, Despersonalización y Realización personal. Participan un total de 2.403 policías nacionales españoles. Se estudian evidencias de validez de constructo mediante validación cruzada (encontrándose un buen ajuste del modelo de tres factores a los datos. Se utilizan MBI, NEO-FII y CECAD para obtener evidencias de validez convergente y validez de criterio (se encuentran relaciones similares a las que se informan en otras investigaciones. Se analizan la discriminación, media, desviación típica y error típico de la media de los ítems que forman parte de las citadas dimensiones. Se calcula tanto el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach como el error estándar de medida condicional (CSEM para cada una de las dimensiones del cuestionario. Los resultados muestran una buena consistencia interna (todos los valores a > .85. Finalmente, el cuestionario fue baremado utilizando puntuaciones T. Sus propiedades psicométricas, apoyan el uso de este nuevo cuestionario para la evaluación del burnout en policías españoles.

  20. Perfil de los estudiantes comprometidos con sus estudios: influencia del burnout y el engagement

    OpenAIRE

    Manzano García, Guadalupe

    2004-01-01

    This study analyses whether the three-dimensional perspective isthe best way to assess the burnout syndrome in a pre-professional group of university students, as has been extensively proven for professional groups. We also assess whether this syndrome can be defined as the positive cumulative result of exhaustion and cynicism and the negative cumulativeresult of the lack of professional efficacy. In addition to the study of the relationship between burnout and its hypothetical opposite const...

  1. [Burnout syndrome: a "true" cardiovascular risk factor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cursoux, Pauline; Lehucher-Michel, Marie-Pascale; Marchetti, Hélène; Chaumet, Guillaume; Delliaux, Stéphane

    2012-11-01

    The burnout syndrome is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment in individuals professionally involved with others. The burnout syndrome is poorly recognized, particularly in France, as a distinct nosology from adaptation troubles, stress, depression, or anxiety. Several tools quantifying burnout and emotional exhaustion exist, the most spread is the questionnaire called Maslach Burnout Inventory. The burnout syndrome alters cardiovascular function and its neuroregulation by autonomic nervous system and is associated with: increased sympathetic tone to heart and vessels after mental stress, lowered physiological post-stress vagal rebound to heart, and lowered arterial baroreflex sensitivity. Job strain as burnout syndrome seems to be a real independent cardiovascular risk factor. Oppositely, training to manage emotions could increase vagal tone to heart and should be cardio-protective. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. Professional Burnout in European Young Oncologists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banerjee, Sutanuka; Califano, R; Corral, Javier

    2017-01-01

    ≤40 (YOs). Methods: A survey was conducted using the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and additional questions exploring work/lifestyle factors. Statistical analyses were performed to identify factors associated with burnout. Results: 737 surveys (all ages) were collected from 41 European......Background: Burnout in health care professionals could have serious negative consequences on quality of patient care, professional satisfaction and personal life. Our aim was to investigate the burnout prevalence, work and lifestyle factors potentially affecting burnout amongst European oncologists...... = 0.0001 ) and low accomplishment was highest in the 26-30 age group ( p work/life balance, access to support services, living alone and inadequate vacation time remained independent burnout factors ( p 

  3. Self-handicapping and burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Ahmet

    2012-02-01

    Self-handicapping is a process containing strategies of externalization in which an individual can excuse failure and internalize success. This study investigated the relationship of self-handicapping with measures of burnout. The Self-handicapping Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory were administered to 309 university students. Self-handicapping was positively correlated to emotional exhaustion, lowered personal accomplishment, and depersonalization. A structural equation model fit the data well and accounted for 20% of the variance in emotional exhaustion, 14% in lowered personal accomplishment, and 10% in depersonalization.

  4. BURNOUT AND OCCUPATIONAL PARTICIPATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eren, Hakan; Huri, Meral; Bağış, Nilsun; Başıbüyük, Onur; Şahin, Sedef; Umaroğlu, Mutlu; Orhan, Kaan

    2016-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of burnout and occupational participation limitation among dental students in a dental school in Turkey. Four hundred fifty-eight dental students (females=153; males=305) were included in the study. The age range varied from 17-to-38 years. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Version (MBI-SV) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) were used to gather data. Descriptive analyses, t-test, and Kruskall-Wallis test for independent groups were used for data analyses. The results indicated that 26% of all the students have burnout in terms of emotional exhaustion (25%), cynicism (18%), and academic efficacy (14%). The results showed that burnout is statistically significant in relation to demographics (pstudents showed considerably decreased occupational performance and satisfaction scores, which suggested occupational participation limitations. Occupational performance and satisfaction scores were inversely correlated with emotional exhaustion and cynicism, while directly correlated with reduced academic efficacy (pburnout and occupational participation limitation can be seen among dental students. Students with burnout may also have occupational participation limitation. Enriching dental education programs with different psychological strategies may be useful for education of healthy dentists and improve the quality of oral and dental health services.

  5. La función predictora del síndrome de burnout sobre el turnover en profesionales de enfermería

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adão Ademir Silva

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar la relación entre el síndrome de burnout y turnover en los equipos de enfermería por medio de una revisión sistemática de la literatura nacional e internacional. Se siguieron los pasos sugeridos por el método de investigación Cochrane. La búsqueda fue realizada en los meses de febrero a abril del 2015 en las bases de datos, bdenf, lilacs, medline, pepsic, scopus y revistas capes. Solo se incluyeron los artículos completos que tenían relación directa con el tema de la investigación, publicados en el periodo comprendido entre enero de 2010 y marzo de 2015, lo que dio como resultado 14 artículos. En ellos se observó una relación positiva y predictiva entre burnout y turnover en profesionales de enfermería. Se puso en evidencia que las consecuencias del burnout y turnover recaen sobre el profesional doliente, el equipo que permanece en el trabajo y también sobre la organización del hospital. La relación burnout-turnover entre el personal de enfermería es un asunto serio y necesita ser tratado preventivamente con acciones de formación y atención con todo el equipo.

  6. Antecedentes y consecuencias del burnout en deportistas: estrés percibido y depresión

    OpenAIRE

    De Francisco, Cristina; Arce, Constantino; Vílchez, Pilar; Vales-Vázquez, Ángel

    2016-01-01

    Background/Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among perceived stress, burnout and depression in a sample of athletes. It was hypothesized that stress is an antecedent of burnout and depression a possible consequence of both stress and burnout. Method: A sample of 453 athletes participated in the study. Stress and depression were measured with Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) and athlete burnout with Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ). Data analysis wa...

  7. Estudio sobre las relaciones del síndrome de burnout con algunos factores psicosociales

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea López Fernández; Damián Sáez Rodríguez; María Jesús García Aranda; Alba López Paiz; Laura Hernández Saavedra

    2015-01-01

    El Síndrome de Burnout es un problema psicosocial relevante porque el trabajador pierde su capacidad de motivación por el trabajo, su rendimiento laboral es bajo y se deteriora su salud física y mental, por eso se considera que es un problema importante sobre todo en el ámbito penitenciario, donde los trabajadores están sometidos a constantes presiones. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la relación existente entre Burnout, autoestima, género y experiencia laboral en funcionarios de pri...

  8. Valoración del síndrome de burnout en la salud de las enfermeras de cuidados intensivos del Hospital Eugenio Espejo Julio – Septiembre de 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Acurio Acurio, Hilda Petrona; Córdoba Benavides, María Eugenia

    2015-01-01

    Contexto: El síndrome de Burnout ha sido definido como una respuesta al estrés laboral crónico, se desarrolla entre los profesionales que prestan sus servicios a través de una relación directa y mantenida con las personas, entre los que se encuentran todos los profesionales de la salud. El objetivo de este trabajo fue Identificar la presencia del Síndrome de Burnout en la salud de las enfermeras de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Eugenio Espejo de la ciudad de Quito. Diseño: Es...

  9. Influencia del desgaste profesional en el gasto farmacéutico de los médicos de atención primaria Influence of burnout on pharmaceutical expediture among primary care physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Cebrià

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la influencia sobre el gasto farmacéutico por asegurado (GFPA en atención primaria de salud de diversos factores relacionados con las características personales y profesionales de los médicos generales, y su nivel de desgaste profesional. Método: Estudio observacional transversal de 220 médicos de atención primaria de la provincia de Barcelona a quienes, por medio de entrevista directa, se administró un cuestionario validado y estructurado en dos partes: datos generales (sociodemográficos y profesionales, y desgaste profesional (Maslach Burnout Inventory [MBI] en el año 2000. De forma paralela, se solicitaron los datos de gasto farmacéutico de los profesionales participantes en las direcciones de atención primaria correspondientes. Resultados: El gasto farmacéutico (GF medio fue de 264.627,22 euros (intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%, 252.669,82-276.584,63 y el GFPA fue de 152,36 euros (IC del 95%,145,73-158,99. El estudio pormenorizado de las características sociodemográficas y de actividad de los profesionales mostró una asociación positiva con el GFPA en los siguientes casos: conforme la edad del profesional es mayor, cuando el número de años trabajados en la atención primaria aumenta, cuando la plaza laboral es fija, cuando los profesionales trabajaban en varios centros, si los profesionales no trabajaban en centros acreditados para la docencia, en el ámbito de la práctica urbana, y cuando hay un nivel alto de cansancio emocional. Conclusiones: El médico de familia soporta en mayor o menor intensidad tensiones en diferentes niveles de su actividad asistencial. La acumulación de tensiones va provocando un desgaste emocional que complica la toma de decisiones en el momento de la prescripción farmacéutica, lo que tiende a cerrar un círculo vicioso. De este modo, los profesionales con mayor desgaste profesional pueden, en ocasiones, compensar la falta de recursos psicológicos que esta situaci

  10. Burnout bij fysiotherapeuten: Een psychometrische studie. / Burnout among physiotherapists: A psychometric study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, T.A.; Hoogstraten, J.

    1998-01-01

    Studied the psychometric characteristics of the Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Human Ss: 341 normal male and 103 normal female Dutch adults (aged 24-62 yrs) (physiotherapists). The Cronbach alpha coefficient was used, and principal component factor analysis with varimax rotation was

  11. Resiliencia, optimismo y burnout académico en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Vizoso-Gómez

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio se analiza la relación entre la resiliencia, el optimismo disposicional y las dimensiones que constituyen el burnout académico (agotamiento emocional, cinismo y baja eficacia. Para ello, se evaluó a una muestra formada por 463 estudiantes de la Universidad de León. Se emplearon los siguientes instrumentos: Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS, 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (10-item CD-RISC y Life Orientation Test Revised (LOT-R. Los resultados revelan que el burnout académico se relaciona significativamente con la resiliencia y el optimismo. Concretamente, la resiliencia se relaciona positivamente con la eficacia mientras que el optimismo se relaciona positivamente con la eficacia pero negativamente con el agotamiento. Además, la resiliencia predice la eficacia mientras que el optimismo predice el agotamiento. Sin embargo, el cinismo no se relaciona ni con la resiliencia ni con el optimismo. Por último, se contemplan las implicaciones de los resultados obtenidos para el diseño de programas de prevención del burnout académico en estudiantes universitarios.

  12. Nurse Burnout and Patient Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vahey, Doris C.; Aiken, Linda H.; Sloane, Douglas M.; Clarke, Sean P.; Vargas, Delfino

    2010-01-01

    Background Amid a national nurse shortage, there is growing concern that high levels of nurse burnout could adversely affect patient outcomes. Objectives This study examines the effect of the nurse work environment on nurse burnout, and the effects of the nurse work environment and nurse burnout on patients' satisfaction with their nursing care. Research Design/Subjects We conducted cross-sectional surveys of nurses (N = 820) and patients (N = 621) from 40 units in 20 urban hospitals across the United States. Measures Nurse surveys included measures of nurses' practice environments derived from the revised Nursing Work Index (NWI-R) and nurse outcomes measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and intentions to leave. Patients were interviewed about their satisfaction with nursing care using the La Monica-Oberst Patient Satisfaction Scale (LOPSS). Results Patients cared for on units that nurses characterized as having adequate staff, good administrative support for nursing care, and good relations between doctors and nurses were more than twice likely as other patients to report high satisfaction with their care, and their nurses reported significantly lower burnout. The overall level of nurse burnout on hospital units also affected patient satisfaction. Conclusions Improvements in nurses' work environments in hospitals have the potential to simultaneously reduce nurses' high levels of job burnout and risk of turnover and increase patients' satisfaction with their care. PMID:14734943

  13. [Burnout in volunteer health workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argentero, P; Bonfiglio, N S; Pasero, R

    2006-01-01

    While diverse studies carried out in nursing and medical personnel have demonstrated that health workers can be subject to burnout, little effort has been focused on investigating burnout in volunteer hospital workers. The aim of the present study was to verify if burnout exists with volunteer auxiliary personnel and investigate what organizational conditions may favour it. The study was carried out on 80 volunteer workers of the Red Cross of Mortara (PV), subdivided into two categories: those performing emergency interventions and those performing routine services. For the evaluation of burnout, the Italian version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory was used, together with a qualitative type of methodology. A 5-factor multivariate analysis (sex x shift x team x seniority x role), having as dependent variables the three scales of the MBI, showed that the highest values of depersonalization and fulfillment are found in the emergency team, and that subjects with least seniority are those who are least satisfied or fulfilled. The category of team-leader resulted as that with the highest values of emotional burnout, while sex- and shift-based differences were restricted to routine service workers. Despite these differences, findings showed that subjects are minimally affected by problems linked to burnout, although some relational and organizational difficulties emerged with the medical staff that underlie a certain degree of professional dissatisfaction.

  14. Relación del burnout y el engagement con depresión, ansiedad y rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Caballero Domínguez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar las relaciones entre burnout y engagement con ansiedad, depresión y rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios de programas de salud. Materiales y métodos: El diseño fue observacional, correlacional, multivariado; la muestra, aleatoria y estratificada, de 802 estudiantes de programas de salud de universidades de Barranquilla. Instrumentos: MBISS, UWES-S, STAI e Inventario de Depresión de Beck. Resultados: El análisis de las correspondencias múltiples entre las variables evidenció un factor conformado principalmente por las dimensiones de Vigor, Absorción, Dedicación e Ineficacia Académica, cuyo extremo negativo se relacionaba con bajo engagement y altos niveles de burnout, ineficacia académica, depresión y de ansiedad de rasgo y de estado; el extremo positivo, con alto engagement, buen rendimiento académico y baja ineficacia, depresión y ansiedad de rasgo y de estado. Conclusiones: En la muestra estudiada, el burnout y el engagement académicos se identificaron relacionados como polos extremos y opuestos de un mismo continuo multidimensional, en el que tanto el polo del burnout como el del engagement se configuran por valores esperados de las variables estudiadas pero opuestos al del polo contrario.

  15. Burnout e identificación con el grupo: el papel del apoyo social en un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Topa-Cantisano

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio descriptivo mediante encuestas consiste en establecer la influencia de la identificación con el grupo en el síndrome de burnout y el papel mediador del apoyo social en tal relación. La muestra está formada por 494 empleados dentro de 99 grupos de trabajo. Estos empleados pertenecían a una amplia variedad de organizaciones. Los análisis a nivel descriptivo mostraron una relación negativa (r = -0,35 entre falta de eficacia profesional e identificación grupal. A nivel predictivo los resultados mostraron que los participantes altamente identificados con su grupo muestran menores niveles de burnout y que el apoyo social media parcialmente las relaciones entre la identificación grupal y el cansancio emocional. Los resultados sugieren la intervención con aquellas organizaciones a las que pertenecen estos profesionales en orden a incrementar su identificación grupal y a proporcionarles apoyo social.

  16. Burnout mechanizms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kh'yuitt, G.

    1980-01-01

    Different causes of the burnout are reviewed. Possible burnout mechanism are enumerated. Burnout at pool boaling is compared with burnout under forced convection. Experiments on burnout visualization and measurement of the consumption in the film at burnout are described. The entrainment diagram is introduced, and its analytical presentation is discussed. Different burnout zones are considered and the notion of controlled precipitation is mentioned. The application of the technique of annular flows modelling is described [ru

  17. Efecto del ambiente psicosocial y de la satisfacción laboral en el síndrome de burnout en médicos especialistas Effect of psychosocial work environment and job satisfaction on burnout syndrome among specialist physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicenta Escribà-Agüir

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de síndrome de burnout según el tipo de especialidad médica, así como valorar el impacto de los factores de riesgo psicosocial, la satisfacción laboral y las características profesionales sobre el síndrome de desgaste profesional en el personal médico especialista en todo el Estado español. Métodos: Estudio transversal realizado sobre una muestra de 1.021 médicos especialistas. Las variables respuesta son las 3 dimensiones del síndrome de burnout: cansancio emocional, despersonalización y logros personales. Las variables explicativas son los factores de riesgo psicosocial y las fuentes de satisfacción laboral, valorados por una escala específica diseñada para médicos. Se han calculado las odds ratio ajustadas y sus intervalos de confianza del 95% por regresión logística. Resultados: La probabilidad de presentar un elevado cansancio emocional y despersonalización es mayor en los profesionales expuestos a un alto nivel de contacto con el sufrimiento y la muerte, y conlleva un impacto negativo del trabajo en la vida familiar. La probabilidad de presentar un elevado cansancio emocional es mayor en los que tienen una alta sobrecarga de trabajo. El riesgo de obtener bajos logros personales es mayor en las personas que presentan una baja satisfacción con respecto a las recompensas profesionales y en las que no realizan actividades de docencia. La insatisfacción con la calidad de las relaciones con los pacientes y sus familiares influye negativamente en las 3 dimensiones del burnout. Conclusiones: El ambiente psicosocial y la satisfacción laboral influyen negativamente en el síndrome de burnout, y afectan a las dimensiones de cansancio emocional y despersonalización.Objectives: To describe the prevalence of burnout syndrome according to medical specialty and to examine the impact of work psychosocial risk factors, job satisfaction and professional characteristics on burnout syndrome among

  18. Burnout in premedical undergraduate students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Daniel Z; Fang, Daniel; Young, Christina B; Young, Christina; Golshan, Shah; Moutier, Christine; Zisook, Sidney

    2012-01-01

    There has been growing recognition that medical students, interns, residents and practicing physicians across many specialties are prone to burnout, with recent studies linking high rates of burnout to adverse mental health issues. Little is known about the trajectory and origins of burnout or whether its roots may be traced to earlier in medical training, specifically, during undergraduate studies. Here, the authors surveyed undergraduates at UC San Diego (UCSD) to assess the relationship of burnout to premedical status while controlling for depression severity. Undergraduate students at UCSD were invited to participate in a web-based survey, consisting of demographic questions; the Maslach Burnout Inventory Student Survey (MBI-SS), which gauged the three dimensions of burnout; and the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), to assess depression severity. A total of 618 premedical students and 1,441 non-premedical students completed the questionnaire. Premedical students had greater depression severity and emotional exhaustion than non-premedical students, but they also exhibited a greater sense of personal efficacy. The burnout differences were persistent even after adjusting for depression. Also, premedical women and Hispanic students had especially high levels of burnout, although differences between groups became nonsignificant after accounting for depression. Despite the limitations of using a burnout questionnaire not specifically normed for undergraduates, the unique ethnic characteristics of the sample, and the uncertain response rate, the findings highlight the importance of recognizing the unique strains and mental health disturbances that may be more common among premedical students than non-premedical students. Results also underscore the close relationship between depression and burnout, and point the way for subsequent longitudinal, multi-institutional studies that could help identify opportunities for prevention and intervention.

  19. BURNOUT SYNDROM AMONG PUBLIC AMBULANCE STAFF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iorga, Magdalena; Dascalu, Neonila; Soponaru, Camelia; Ioan, Beatrice

    2015-01-01

    Healthcare professionals are frequently confronted with urgent situations and a high-risk human intervention. They are usually exposed to what is called burnout syndrome. To identify the effects of burnout syndrome on the professional conduct and attitudes of doctors and nurses who work in the Romanian public ambulance service. Secondary, the causal relationships between burnout and various socio-demographic variables were analyzed. The 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS- 20), Maslach Burnout Inventory and Job Satisfaction Questionnaire were administered to 122 ambulance doctors, nurses and drivers (62 females and 60 males). The degree of job satisfaction is the most important indicator of burnout syndrome. Significant differences were found between low and high alexithymic subjects. Women are more susceptible to experience higher levels of burnout than men. The level of burnout is influenced by the combined effect of job satisfaction and alexithymia. Burnout syndrome is a common problem among people working in the emergency medical system. The causes of job-related burnout have to be identified in order to apply an appropriate level of burnout intervention program and to increase the efficiency of coping strategies.

  20. Factors Modifying Burnout in Osteopathic Medical Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapinski, Jessica; Yost, Morgan; Sexton, Patricia; LaBaere, Richard J

    2016-02-01

    The purposes of the current study are to examine factors modifying burnout and identify which of these factors place osteopathic medical students at risk for developing burnout. The current study used a cross-sectional study design and an anonymous, web-based survey to assess burnout and depression in osteopathic medical students. The survey included Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Stressors and their impact scale, students' sleeping and studying habits, and students' extracurricular involvement. In total, 1294 osteopathic medical students completed the survey. Burnout was present in 516 (39.9%) osteopathic medical students, and 1006 (77.0%) met criteria for depression. Females were 1.5 times more likely to be burned out in comparison to males. For the burnout subscales, males had lower emotional exhaustion, slightly higher depersonalization, and lower personal accomplishment. Lesbian/gay/bisexual/asexual students were 2.62 times more likely to be burned out compared with heterosexual students. Depression and academic, personal, and family stressors were all strongly linked to overall burnout. Finally, for modifiable factors, average hours of sleep, average hours spent studying, and club involvement appeared to be linked to burnout. The current study suggested that a variety of factors, including non-modifiable, situational, and modifiable, impact burnout in osteopathic medical students. Future research is necessary since burnout in physicians affects the quality of care provided to patients.

  1. Differentiating burnout from depression: personality matters!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Christoph Melchers

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Stress related affective disorders have been identified as a core health problem of the 21st century. In the endeavor to identify vulnerability factors, personality has been discussed as a major factor explaining and predicting disorders like depression or burnout. An unsolved question is whether there are specific personality factors allowing differentiation of burnout from depression. The present study tested the relation between one of the most prominent, biological personality theories, Cloninger’s Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI, and common measures of burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory General and depression (Beck Depression Inventory 2 in a sample of German employees (N=944 and a sample of inpatients (N = 425. Although the same personality traits (harm avoidance and self-directedness were predominantly associated with burnout and depression, there was a much stronger association to depression than to burnout in both samples. Besides, we observed specific associations between personality traits and subcomponents of burnout. Our results underline differences in the association of burnout vs. depression to personality, which may mirror differences in scope: While symptoms of depression affect all aspects of life, burnout is supposed to be specifically related to the workplace and its requirements. The much stronger association of personality to depression can be important to select appropriate therapy methods and to develop a more specified treatment for burnout in comparison to depression.

  2. Burnout among physicians and nursing staff working in the emergency hospital of Tanta University, Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdo, S A M; El-Sallamy, R M; El-Sherbiny, A A M; Kabbash, I A

    2016-03-15

    Little is known about professional burnout among health-care workers in Egypt. The current study aimed to reveal the extent of burnout among physicians and nursing staff working in the emergency hospital of Tanta University and to identify some of its determinants. A cross-sectional study was carried out on all physicians (n = 266) and a systematic random sample of nurses (n = 284). Burnout was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory and its subscales. Most of the participants (66.0%)had a moderate level of burnout and 24.9% of them had high burnout. Multivariate analysis of variables affecting burnout showed that age, sex, frequency of exposure to work-related violence, years of experience, work burden, supervision and work activities were significant predictors of burnout among the respondents. The authors recommend health education interventions during pre-employment training programmes for prevention of burnout syndrome and periodic screening for early detection and management of burnout.

  3. Alexithymia and burnout in nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsifaraki, Maria; Tucker, Philip

    2013-11-01

    Although previous studies have indicated an association between alexithymia and burnout, they have not controlled for well-established organizational factors, depression, and coping mechanisms that could confound the relationship. This study investigated the association between alexithymia and occupational burnout. One hundred eighty-three nursing students were assessed up to 3 months before graduating from their program. Alexithymia was measured with the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, occupational burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory, work-related factors were measured with the Areas of Worklife Survey, depression was measured with Beck Depression Inventory-II, and coping strategies were measured with the COPE Dispositional Inventory. Hierarchical multiple regressions indicated that externally oriented thinking style was significantly associated with personal accomplishment and depersonalization after adjusting for depression, coping, and work-related factors. The results indicate that only a single aspect of the alexithymia construct serves as a possibly independent predisposing factor for specific burnout dimensions. Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.

  4. Personality and emotional intelligence in teacher burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pishghadam, Reza; Sahebjam, Samaneh

    2012-03-01

    This paper aims to investigate the relationship between teacher's personality types, emotional intelligence and burnout and to predict the burnout levels of 147 teachers in the city of Mashhad (Iran). To this end, we have used three inventories: Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-I). We used Homogeneity Analysis and Multiple Linear Regression to analyze the data. The results exhibited a significant relationship between personality types and emotional intelligence and the three dimensions of burnout. It was indicated that the best predictors for emotional exhaustion were neuroticism and extroversion, for depersonalization were intrapersonal scale of emotional intelligence and agreeableness, and for personal accomplishment were interpersonal scale and conscientiousness. Finally, the results were discussed in the context of teacher burnout.

  5. Job satisfaction and burnout among paediatric nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akman, Ozlem; Ozturk, Candan; Bektas, Murat; Ayar, Dijle; Armstrong, Merry A

    2016-10-01

    This study aims to determine factors of job satisfaction and burnout levels of paediatric nurses. A total of 165 nurses working in paediatric clinics completed the Minnesota job satisfaction scale and the Maslach burnout scale. Average scores of the emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation score were low, while personal accomplishment scores were high. A high level of job satisfaction, being married, increased age and a decreased number of assigned patients were significantly associated with a low level of burnout. Paediatric nurses experience burnout at significant levels. The most important variable that affected job satisfaction was income. The results of the study could guide development of strategies that might prevent or alleviate burnout of paediatric nurses. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome of Greek Child Care Workers and Kindergarten Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rentzou, Konstantina

    2015-01-01

    The present study, employing the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey, aims to compare and explore possible differences to the levels of burnout reported by the two main professional groups working in the early childhood education and care sector in Greece, that is kindergarten teachers and childcare workers. The correlation between the…

  7. The Effect of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours of Primary School Teachers on Their Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inandi, Yusuf; Buyukozkan, Ayse Sezin

    2013-01-01

    It was examined in this study whether organizational citizenship behaviours of primary school teachers predict the level of their burnout. Correlation and multi regression analysis were used for this. Survey model was used in this descriptive study. Data were collected from 1699 primary school teachers working in Mersin. Maslach Burnout Inventory…

  8. Burnout and Teacher Self-Efficacy among Teachers Working in Special Education Institutions in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sariçam, Hakan; Sakiz, Halis

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to investigate the relationship between teacher self-efficacy and burnout among special education school teachers in Turkey. One hundred and eighteen teachers completed the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Teachers belonged to the psychological counselling and guidance programme,…

  9. Relationships between Language Teachers' Time-Management Skills, Creativity, and Burnout: A Mediation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoodi-Shahrebabaki, Masoud

    2015-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate the effects of language teachers' time management and creativity skills on their burnout levels. The sample consisted of 213 Iranian language teachers. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Creative Behavior Inventory (CBI) and Time Management Skills Questionnaire (TMSQ) were employed for data collection. By…

  10. Exploring the Relationship between School Principals' Burnout Situation and Life Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakose, Turgut; Kocabas, Ibrahim; Yirci, Ramazan; Esen, Coskun; Celik, Mustafa

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore school administrations' burnout situation and life satisfaction levels and the relationship between burnout and life satisfaction. The study was designed with the screening model. The research sample consists of 92 school principals and vice principals. Research data was collected with "Maslach Burnout…

  11. Perceptions of Pre-Service Teachers on Student Burnout, Occupational Anxiety and Faculty Life Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Türkoglu, Muhammet Emin; Cansoy, Ramazan

    2017-01-01

    Perceptions of pre-service teachers on burnout, occupational anxiety and faculty life quality were investigated in this research. The research group consisted of 461 pre-service teachers in total studying at Afyon Kocatepe University faculty of education. "Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Form," "Faculty Life Quality Scale"…

  12. A Study on the Relationship between Teacher Self Efficacy and Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savas, Ahmet Cezmi; Bozgeyik, Yunus; Eser, Ismail

    2014-01-01

    The major purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between teacher self efficacy and burnout. In order to collect the related data, "Maslach Burnout Inventory" and "Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale" were used. The sample of the study consisted of 163 randomly chosen teachers who worked in various primary and…

  13. A Quantitative Study Examining Teacher Stress, Burnout, and Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Timar D.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative, correlational study was to examine the relationships between stress, burnout, and self-efficacy in public school teachers in the Turks and Caicos Islands. The Teacher Stress Inventory was used to collect data on teacher stress, the Maslach Burnout Inventory Educators Survey was used to obtain data on teacher…

  14. Academic report on burnout among Japanese nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitaoka, Kazuyo; Masuda, Shinya

    2013-12-01

    Japanese nurses have increasingly experienced "burnout" in the past several years. Studies on Japanese nurses are required in order to explore how to prevent nursing burnout. The objectives of this report were to: (i) introduce the concept, definition, and measurement of burnout; (ii) look at an overview of the prevalence, possible causes, and consequences of burnout among Japanese nurses; and (iii) explore how to prevent burnout among nurses. The authors and co-researchers have been studying burnout among Japanese workers for more than 15 years. Therefore, previously performed studies were reviewed and summarized. In Japan, approximately 36% of human services professionals, such as nurses, were burned out compared to 18% of civil servants, and 12% of company employees. It was quite obvious that nurses are prone to burnout. The possible causes and consequences of burnout among Japanese nurses were reviewed. Excessive workloads and interpersonal conflict in the workplace were possible causes of burnout among Japanese nurses. The consequences of nurse burnout are potentially very serious, including medical accidents/errors. Issues to prevent nursing burnout were then reviewed. Enhancement of cognitive coping skills for female nurses and problem-solving skills for male nurses could contribute to prevention of burnout in nurses. The authors' previous study revealed that the new model of the organizational context of burnout developed by Leiter and Maslach could be applied to Japanese. Further examination is needed. This report supports the call to scale up burnout prevention strategy for Japanese nurses. © 2012 The Authors. Japan Journal of Nursing Science © 2012 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.

  15. Ambiente da prática profissional e burnout em enfermeiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Cristina Gasparino

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available evaluar el ambiente de la práctica profesional del enfermero, su relación con burnout y diferencias entre tres instituciones. Método: estudio transversal, desarrollado en hospitales (dos de tercer nivel y un secundario, con 278 enfermeros que respondieron a los instrumentos Nursing Work Index Revised – Versión Brasileña e Inventario de Burnout de Maslach. Resultados: de las instituciones, la mayoría de los enfermeros demostró satisfacción con el trabajo, buena calidad de la atención y, la minoría, intención de abandonar el trabajo. Comparándose las instituciones, la de nivel secundario presentó práctica de enfermería con más autonomía, control sobre el ambiente y buenas relaciones con el equipo médico y menores niveles de burnout. Conclusión: estos hallazgos podrán contribuir en la implementación de cambios que favorezcan la práctica profesional del enfermero, lo que permite lograr la satisfacción de implicados en el proceso, como pacientes, enfermeros e instituciones.

  16. Fuentes de estrés, burnout y estrategias de coping en profesores portugueses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALEXANDRA MARQUÉS PINTO

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar la incidencia del burnout en profesores portugueses y contribuir a una comprensión integral de este fenómeno. Una muestra de 777 profesores portugueses de educación básica y secundaria contestaron al MBI-Educators Survey (Maslach et al, 1996, a una adaptación del TSQ (Kyriacou & Sutcliffe, 1978 y al COPE (Weinman, Wright y Johnston, 1995. Los resultados obtenidos muestran: (1 El 54% de los profesores perciben su profesión como muy o extremadamente generadora de estrés. Como fuentes de estrés se han identificado principalmente los problemas relacionados con la indisciplina de los alumnos y la presión temporal. (2 El 6.3% de los profesores mostraron elevados niveles de burnout y el 30% resultaron estar en situación de "riesgo". (3 Mediante análisis de regresión múltiple se ha puesto de manifiesto que el agotamiento emocional aparece como una reacción al estrés y la despersonalización se muestra como una forma de coping disfuncional no sucede lo mismo con la realización personal al relacionarse con el uso de doping. (4 Se ha mostrado el papel mediador o moderador de las estrategias de afrontamiento en la relación estrés-burnout.

  17. Burnout and Its Contributing Factors Among Midlevel Academic Nurse Leaders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Linda; Ironside, Pamela M

    2018-01-01

    Amid concerns regarding administrator shortages, a survey conducted by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing indicates that 10% of all vacant faculty positions are those that include administrative responsibilities. This study was designed to determine the frequency, predictors, and potential retention consequences of burnout among midlevel academic nurse leaders, such as assistant deans, associate deans, and others. The sample consisted of 146 midlevel academic nurse leaders from 29 schools of nursing. Burnout was measured by the emotional exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Logistic regression models were estimated to determine effects of study variables on burnout and intent to leave. Dissatisfaction with workload, dissatisfaction with work-life balance, and hours typically worked per week increased odds of burnout. Burnout was associated with intent to leave. High workloads and long work weeks are increasing the odds of burnout among midlevel academic nurse leaders. [J Nurs Educ. 2018;57(1):28-34.]. Copyright 2018, SLACK Incorporated.

  18. Continuing medical education and burnout among Danish GPs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndt, Anders; Sokolowski, Ineta; Olesen, Frede

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There has been minimal research into continuing medical education (CME) and its association with burnout among GPs. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between participating in CME and experiencing burnout in a sample of Danish GPs. DESIGN OF STUDY: Cross......-sectional questionnaire study. SETTING: All 458 active GPs in 2004, in the County of Aarhus, Denmark were invited to participate. METHOD: Data on CME activities were obtained for all GPs and linked to burnout which was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey. The relationship between CME...... activity and burnout was calculated as prevalence ratios (PR) in a generalised linear model. RESULTS: In total, 379 (83.5%) GPs returned the questionnaire. The prevalence of burnout was about 25%, and almost 3% suffered from 'high burnout'. A total of 344 (92.0%) GPs were members of a CME group...

  19. Burnout syndrome in senior undergraduate nursing Síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes del último año de graduación en enfermería Síndrome de Burnout em acadêmicos do último ano da graduação em enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rayama de Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This papers' goal was to evaluate the presence and the factors associated to Burnout Syndrome among senior year Nursing students. METHODS: Exploratory descriptive quantitative research held in a private University of Rio Grande do Sul, with an intentional sample of 42 students enrolled in the 1st half of 2011, through the application of the instrument Burnout Inventory Student Survey (MBI-SS. The sample represented 76.3% of the population studied. RESULTS: As for the burnout rates, it was found that the professional effectiveness was the amount that reached higher average index 5.03, followed by emotional exhaustion 3.26 and disbelief 1.57. CONCLUSION: Burnout syndrome was not identified among the participants, so that the factors associated with it were also not identified. The only finding was that the students who have children have less emotional exhaustion.OBJETIVO: Evaluar la presencia y los factores asociados al Síndrome de Burnout entre alumnos que cursan el último año del pregrado en Enfermería. MÉTODOS: Investigación de abordaje cuantitativo, exploratorio descriptivo, realizado en una Universidad privada de la región metropolitana de Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul, con una muestra por conveniencia de 42 estudiantes del séptimo y octavo semestre, matriculados en el 1er semestre del 2011, por medio de la aplicación del instrumento Burnout Inventory Student Survey. La muestra represento el 76,3% de la población investigada. RESULTADOS: En cuanto a los índices de Burnout, se verificó que la eficacia profesional fue la dimensión que alcanzó el mayor índice promedio (5,03, seguido por el cansancio emocional (3,26 e incredulidad (1,57. CONCLUSIÓN: El Síndrome de Burnout no fue identificado entre los participantes, así como también no fueron reconocidos los factores asociados a la misma. Apenas se observó que los estudiantes con hijos poseen menor cansancio emocional.OBJETIVO: Avaliar a presença e os fatores

  20. Occupational burnout among nursing personel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Wieder-Huszla

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background. Occupational stress and the related burnout syndrome is undoubtedly one of the most important challenges for public health. Objectives . The objective of the study was identifying occupational burnout among nurses. Material and methods . The questionnaire was responded by 408 professionally active male and female nurses, working in the territory of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. In the evaluation of occupational burnout the standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was applied. Results . Mean values of the level of occupational burnout for the study group amounted to 39.3 ± 30.9 with regard to emotional exhaustion, 30.64 ± 27.89 with respect to the depersonalization subscale and 66.26 ± 27.94 – the lowered level of job satisfaction. Conclusions . 1. The studied nursing personnel showed symptoms of occupational burnout in all dimensions of the syndrome, i.e. high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization as well as low job satisfaction. 2. Individuals with higher education scored lower on the emotional exhaustion scale. 3. Emotional exhaustion is influenced by workplace and position.

  1. Burnout syndrome among dental students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini; Jordani, Paula Cristina; Zucoloto, Miriane Lucindo; Bonafé, Fernanda Salloume Sampaio; Maroco, João

    2012-03-01

    The burnout syndrome is characterized by professional exhaustion and has been reported in college students. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome among dentistry students from a public university, and its relationship to socio-demographic characteristics. All students (n = 300) were invited to participate. We used the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Version (MBI-SS). We carried out an analysis of the MBI-SS' psychometric properties. Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was performed, followed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's post-hoc tests to compare the mean scores of burnout dimensions. Of the 235 participants, 72.8% were women and the mean age was 21.0 ± 1.8 years. The MBI-SS was reliable and valid. Of the students, 17.0% had Burnout Syndrome. There was a significant relation between Burnout Syndrome and a student's performance during the course (F = 4.433, p students most affected were those with poor performance, those who took medication because of studies, and those with thoughts of dropping the course. We concluded that the prevalence of the syndrome among dentistry students was high, with a significant relation between the syndrome and a student's academic performance, use of medication because of studies, and thoughts of dropping the course.

  2. Factores de riesgo psicosocial laborales, apoyo social y síndrome de Burnout en médicos de familia de tres instituciones públicas de salud de Guadalajara (México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Aranda Beltrán

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar los riesgos psicosociales laborales negativos y el apoyo social como incidentes del síndrome de Burnout en los médicos de familia que laboran en tres institu- ciones públicas de salud en Guadalajara (México. Materiales y métodos: El estudio fue descriptivo, analítico y comparativo. La población estuvo constituida por los médicos de familia de base de las tres instituciones, nombradas como institución 1, 2 y 3. Se emplearon tres instrumentos de evaluación: la Guía de Identificación de Factores Psicosociales del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, el Inventario de Recursos Sociales de Díaz Veiga modificado y la escala de valoración de Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. Resultados: En general se obtuvo un adecuado o buen apoyo social en las tres instituciones. Las prevalencias para lo factores psicosociales negativos fueron mayores para la institución 3 (33,64 %, mientras que para el síndrome de Burnout la institución 1 mostró mayores porcentajes (43,5 %. Se obtuvieron algunas asociaciones significativas entre las variables de estudio. Conclusión: Es necesario reorganizar ciertas condiciones laborales, específicamente las enfocadas a las tareas laborales, para la prevención y disminución de la presencia del síndrome de Burnout.

  3. Estudio preliminar sobre el síndrome de Burnout y estrategias de afrontamiento en enfermeras de unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maricel Soledad Popp

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Dado que la enfermería es considerada una profesión altamente estresante y proclive a padecer el síndrome de burnout, los objetivos de este trabajo fueron medir el nivel de burnout en enfermeras de unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI ya que los profesionales que trabajan en estas unidades conforman un grupo de alto riesgo para desarrollar dicho síndrome, y determinar si el perfil de afrontamiento de las enfermeras difiere en función de los niveles de manifestación del burnout. Como instrumentos de medida se aplicaron el Inventario Burnout de Maslach (Maslach & Jackson, 1997 y el Inventario de Modos de Afrontamiento (Lazarus & Folkman, 1986, utilizando para su evaluación la taxonomía propuesta por Moos y Billings (1982. Mediante la ejecución de un análisis multivariado de variancia (MANOVA sobre una muestra de 53 enfermeras mujeres, de entre 24 y 54 años de edad de instituciones públicas y privadas de la Provincia de En tre Ríos (República Argentina, se encontraron efectos principales significativos con respecto a las dimensiones despersonalización (F de Hotelling (18, 44 = 3,145; p = .001 y baja realización personal (F de Hotelling (18, 44 = 2,137; p = .021. Las enfermeras que presentaron niveles inferiores de burnout utilizaron estrategias de afrontamiento, tales como: el análisis lógico de la situación problemática, sus causas, consecuencias y posibles soluciones como la ejecución de acciones que resuelvan el problema y el desarrollo de gratificaciones o recompensas alternativas en otro tipo de fuentes de satisfacción, por ejemplo relaciones sociales, actividades y desarrollo personal.

  4. Burnout among hospital nurses in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Frances; St John, Winsome; McVeigh, Carol

    2009-04-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the level of burnout and factors that contribute to burnout in hospital nurses in the People's Republic of China. While burnout among hospital nurses has been widely researched in western countries, little research has investigated burnout among hospital nurses in China. A translated version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used to measure burnout in 249 randomly selected nurses from various wards of a large teaching hospital in Beijing, China. Questionnaire packs were sent to the hospital wards where selected nurses worked. One hundred and twenty-eight nurses returned the completed questionnaire. The response rate was 51%. The results showed moderate levels of Emotional Exhaustion and Personal Accomplishment, and low levels of Depersonalization. Age, years of experience and professional title had a significant positive relationship with Emotional Exhaustion and Personal Accomplishment. Older, married nurses with more personal responsibilities and in a more senior position experienced higher levels of Emotional Exhaustion. The findings suggest that burnout is a significant issue for nurses in China. The results of this study indicate that working environment factors such as relationships with coworkers and managers may contribute to or mitigate burnout. There is a need to address personal and professional support, life-work balance, personal accomplishment and educational programmes to reduce burnout in nurses working in China.

  5. Stress and burnout among Swiss dental residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divaris, Kimon; Lai, Caroline S; Polychronopoulou, Argy; Eliades, Theodore; Katsaros, Christos

    2012-01-01

    Stress and burnout have been well-documented in graduate medical and undergraduate dental education, but studies among dental graduate students and residents are sparse. The purpose of this investigation was to examine perceived stressors and three dimensions of burnout among dental residents enrolled in the University of Bern, Switzerland. Thirty-six residents enrolled in five specialty programmes were administered the Graduate Dental Environment Stress (GDES30) questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Individual stress items and overall GDES30 scores were used to quantify perceived stress. To measure burnout, proportions of burnout "cases" and MBI subscale scores were computed in the domains of emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Analyses relied on descriptive and bi-variate methods. The mean GDES30 score was 2.1 (SD = 0.4). "Lack of leisure time", "meeting the research requirement of the programme" and "completing graduation requirements" emerged as the top three stressors. Thirty-six percent of respondents were burnout "cases" on the PA scale, while this proportion was 17% for EE and 8% for DP. Both stress and burnout levels increased according to year of study, whereas younger residents and females had consistently higher stress and burnout scores compared to older ones and males. Overall, low levels of perceived stress and burnout were found among this group of Swiss dental residents.

  6. Clima Laboral y su relación con el Síndrome de Burnout en los profesionales de la salud del Centro de Salud Acapulco - Callao 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Bautista Díaz, Gabriela Lourdes; Bravo Saavedra, Marisol Teresa

    2017-01-01

    El prsente estudio se denominó “Clima Laboral y su relación con el Síndrome de Burnout en los profesionales de la salud del Centro de Salud Acapulco - Callao 2015”, fue realizado para obtener el grado académico de Magister en Salud con Mención en Gestión en los Servicios de Salud, siendo la problemática en la siguiente formulación ¿Qué relación existe entre el Clima Laboral y el Síndrome de Burnout en los profesionales de la salud del Centro de Salud Acapulco Callao – 2015? ...

  7. El burnout académico: delimitación del síndrome y factores asociados con su aparición

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero Domínguez; Christian Hederich; Jorge Enrique Palacio Sañudo

    2010-01-01

    El artículo presenta una revisión de los principales conceptos del síndrome de burnout académico, su evolución y su delimitación conceptual con otros trastornos como depresión y ansiedad, así como también una revisión de los modelos teóricos del burnout en el ámbito laboral para su aplicación en el ámbito académico. Además, se contextualizan las variables asociadas a su desarrollo y sus consecuencias en el rendimiento académico y en la salud mental de estudiantes universitarios.

  8. El burnout académico: delimitación del síndrome y factores asociados con su aparición

    OpenAIRE

    Caballero Domínguez, Carmen Cecilia; Hederich, Christian; Palacio Sañudo, Jorge Enrique

    2010-01-01

    El artículo presenta una revisión de los principales conceptos del síndrome de burnout académico, su evolución y su delimitación conceptual con otros trastornos como depresión y ansiedad, así como también una revisión de los modelos teóricos del burnout en el ámbito laboral para su aplicación en el ámbito académico. Además, se contextualizan las variables asociadas a su desarrollo y sus consecuencias en el rendimiento académico y en la salud mental de estudiantes universitarios. The articl...

  9. Aspectos epidemiológicos del síndrome de Burnout en personal sanitario

    OpenAIRE

    Atance Martínez Juan Carlos

    1997-01-01

    FUNDAMENTOS: El Síndrome Burnout se invoca como probable responsable de la desmotivación que sufren los profesionales sanitarios actualmente. Esto sugiere la posibilidad de que este síndrome esté implicado en las elevadas tasas de absentismo laboral que presentan estos profesionales. El estudio pretende aportar una serie de caracterizaciones de las variables epidemiológicas universales que permitan una aproximación al perfil de riesgo en esta profesión. MÉTODO: Estudiamos una muestra de 294 p...

  10. Prevalence of burnout among musculoskeletal radiologists

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chew, Felix S.; Porrino, Jack A.; Mulcahy, Hyojeong; Relyea-Chew, Annemarie [University of Washington, Department of Radiology, Seattle, WA (United States); Mulcahy, Michael J. [Central Washington University, Department of Sociology, Ellensburg, WA (United States)

    2017-04-15

    Burnout is a job-related psychological syndrome with three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and perceived lack of personal accomplishment. Burnout is associated with deleterious effects on both workers and their work. When burnout affects physicians, their well-being, longevity, and care of patients are at risk. Recent studies concerning physician burnout treat specialists such as radiologists as one group. We studied burnout in musculoskeletal (MSK) subspecialist radiologists. An institutional review board exemption was obtained. Society of Skeletal Radiology members received invitations to an anonymous survey that included questions from the Maslach Burnout Inventory trademark (MBI) measuring all three aspects of burnout. The response rate was 36.4% (433/1190). The prevalence of emotional exhaustion was 61.7% (255/413), of depersonalization 53.3% (219/411), and of perceived lack of personal accomplishment 39.6% (161/407). Only 19.5% (79/405) of MSK radiologists reported no burnout, while 80.5% (326/405) reported burnout along one or more dimensions. For all three dimensions, the prevalence was higher and the mean severity was worse for private practice compared with academic practice. The prevalence of burnout was affected more by practice setting than by gender. Burnout prevalence and severity also varied systematically with years since completion of training. Among MSK radiologists, we found a much higher prevalence and greater severity of burnout than has been previously reported for radiologists and other physicians. There were differences in prevalence and severity of burnout among practice settings, genders, and longevity cohorts. (orig.)

  11. Prevalence of burnout among musculoskeletal radiologists

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chew, Felix S.; Porrino, Jack A.; Mulcahy, Hyojeong; Relyea-Chew, Annemarie; Mulcahy, Michael J.

    2017-01-01

    Burnout is a job-related psychological syndrome with three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and perceived lack of personal accomplishment. Burnout is associated with deleterious effects on both workers and their work. When burnout affects physicians, their well-being, longevity, and care of patients are at risk. Recent studies concerning physician burnout treat specialists such as radiologists as one group. We studied burnout in musculoskeletal (MSK) subspecialist radiologists. An institutional review board exemption was obtained. Society of Skeletal Radiology members received invitations to an anonymous survey that included questions from the Maslach Burnout Inventory trademark (MBI) measuring all three aspects of burnout. The response rate was 36.4% (433/1190). The prevalence of emotional exhaustion was 61.7% (255/413), of depersonalization 53.3% (219/411), and of perceived lack of personal accomplishment 39.6% (161/407). Only 19.5% (79/405) of MSK radiologists reported no burnout, while 80.5% (326/405) reported burnout along one or more dimensions. For all three dimensions, the prevalence was higher and the mean severity was worse for private practice compared with academic practice. The prevalence of burnout was affected more by practice setting than by gender. Burnout prevalence and severity also varied systematically with years since completion of training. Among MSK radiologists, we found a much higher prevalence and greater severity of burnout than has been previously reported for radiologists and other physicians. There were differences in prevalence and severity of burnout among practice settings, genders, and longevity cohorts. (orig.)

  12. The Relationship between Academic Procrastination and Students' Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    BALKIS, MURAT

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the relationships between academic procrastination, students’ burnout and academic achievement are investigated. The participants comprised 323 students who were enrolled in the different major fields at the Faculty of Education in the Pamukkale University. The ages of respondents varied from 17 to 31. In this study, Aitken Procrastination Inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and Personal Information Form were used to gather data. Results from correlation analyse...

  13. The Evaluation of Burnout Levels of Sports Sciences Faculty Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocaeksi, Serdar

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research is to evaluate the burnout levels of sports sciences faculty students in terms of some other variables. 46 Female (Age, M: 20.88 ± 1.86) and 107 male (Age, M: 22.15 ± 2.15) in total 153 students participated in this research. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Form (MBI-SF) was used for data collection. Descriptive…

  14. Organizational and individual factors influencing job satisfaction and burnout of mental health workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, U; Schinke, S P

    1998-01-01

    Job satisfaction and burnout are important areas of study because of the financial and social effects of job satisfaction and the damaging physical/psychological impacts of burnout. Two hundred family/children and psychiatric workers of seven social service organizations were surveyed. Instruments used were the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals. Reported levels of job satisfaction and burnout are within normal limits. Psychiatric and family/children workers report equal job satisfaction levels, but the latter group reports significantly higher burnout levels. Both groups are particularly satisfied with the amount of praise delivered by supervisors and are reportedly dissatisfied with salary levels and promotional opportunities. These three factors are strongly associated with job satisfaction and burnout levels of both groups. Findings have practical implications for social service administrators and practitioners. Correlates of satisfaction and burnout can be altered in order to maintain employee satisfaction and reduce burnout, absenteeism and turnover.

  15. Burnout Syndrome in Members of Accounting Profession: The Sample of Mersin

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZ, Bülent; ÇEVİREN, Seher Meral

    2017-01-01

    Burnout syndrome, which is anoccupational disease, especially emerge from those in constant communicationwith the people and the professional groups working under stress. In thisresearch is aimed to determine of the accounting profession’s burnout syndromelevels in constant communication with people and in stressful professionalactivities maintain. For this purpose, was administered its questionnaire of “MaslachBurnout Inventory” to 320 professional accountants maintaining activities atMersin...

  16. Health Professionals Facing Burnout: What Do We Know about Nursing Managers?

    OpenAIRE

    Heeb, Jean-Luc; Haberey-Knuessi, Véronique

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To address the degree of burnout in nursing managers in hospitals of Western Switzerland, including comparison with medical managers, and its relationship with personal, work-related, and organizational characteristics. Methods. Statistical analysis of the scores of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey from 257 nursing managers who answered a standardized electronic questionnaire. Results. Nursing managers showed a low degree of burnout, which was similar to that of ...

  17. An Examination of Relationship between Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Turkish Accounting and Finance Academicians

    OpenAIRE

    Adem Anbar; Melek Eker

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure the burnout and job satisfaction levels of academicians and to explore the relationships between burnout and job satisfaction among academicians in Turkey. The data were obtained from 160 academicians that have been working in accounting and finance sub-department in Faculties of Economics and Administrative Sciences in 78 public and private universities by using socio-demographic data form, Maslach Burnout Inventory and “Job Satisfactio...

  18. THE EFFECT OF TYPE A PERSONALITY ON AUDITOR BURNOUT: EVIDENCE FROM INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Intiyas Utami; Ertambang Nahartyo

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the moderating effect of type A personality on the influence of role stressors (role conflict, role overload, and role ambiguity) on burnout. Most burnout research has focused on various environmental factors, while individual differences also play an important role in the development of burnout (Maslach et al., 2001). Participants of this study are 58 auditors (junior, senior and manager) who work at public accounting firms in Yogyakarta, Semarang, Jakarta and Palembang. ...

  19. The Relationship Between Burnout and Occupational Stress in Genetic Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, Brittney; Kaiser, Amy; Injeyan, Marie C; Sappleton, Karen; Chitayat, David; Stephens, Derek; Shuman, Cheryl

    2016-08-01

    Burnout represents a critical disruption in an individual's relationship with work, resulting in a state of exhaustion in which one's occupational value and capacity to perform are questioned. Burnout can negatively affect an individual's personal life, as well as employers in terms of decreased work quality, patient/client satisfaction, and employee retention. Occupational stress is a known contributor to burnout and occurs as a result of employment requirements and factors intrinsic to the work environment. Empirical research examining genetic counselor-specific burnout is limited; however, existing data suggests that genetic counselors are at increased risk for burnout. To investigate the relationship between occupational stress and burnout in genetic counselors, we administered an online survey to members of three genetic counselor professional organizations. Validated measures included the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (an instrument measuring burnout on three subscales: exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy) and the Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised (an instrument measuring occupational stress on 14 subscales). Of the 353 respondents, more than 40 % had either considered leaving or left their job role due to burnout. Multiple regression analysis yielded significant predictors for burnout risk. The identified sets of predictors account for approximately 59 % of the variance in exhaustion, 58 % of the variance in cynicism, and 43 % of the variance in professional efficacy. Our data confirm that a significant number of genetic counselors experience burnout and that burnout is correlated with specific aspects of occupational stress. Based on these findings, practice and research recommendations are presented.

  20. Relación del burnout y el rendimiento académico con la satisfacción frente a los estudios en estudiantes universitarios

    OpenAIRE

    Caballero D., Carmen Cecilia; Abello Ll., Raimundo; Palacio S., Jorge

    2010-01-01

    Los estudiantes se enfrentan cada vez más a retos y exigencias del medio que demandan una gran cantidad de recursos físicos y psicológicos de diversa índole. Muchos de ellos dejan sus estudios o disminuyen de manera considerable su rendimiento académico sin encontrar una explicación. Dos variables que han sido poco estudiadas en nuestro contexto y que pueden dar claridad a buena parte de esta situación son el burnout y la satisfacción. En esta investigación se estableció la relación del burno...

  1. La función predictora del síndrome de burnout sobre el turnover en profesionales de enfermería

    OpenAIRE

    Adão Ademir Silva; Marcelo Nora; Manoela Ziebell de Oliveira

    2017-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar la relación entre el síndrome de burnout y turnover en los equipos de enfermería por medio de una revisión sistemática de la literatura nacional e internacional. Se siguieron los pasos sugeridos por el método de investigación Cochrane. La búsqueda fue realizada en los meses de febrero a abril del 2015 en las bases de datos, bdenf, lilacs, medline, pepsic, scopus y revistas capes. Solo se incluyeron los artículos completos que tenían relación dir...

  2. Burnout and young workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Batista Chaves Azevedo de Souza

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This article intends to conduct an analysis of the dimensions of the a model about the burnout syndrome, from the reality of young workers who are doing some vocational courses in the city of Recife/PE. Objective: Description of characteristics of a predetermined population. Still, the research is in a field of research and using content analysis method to discuss the data obtained through interviews that had their questions based on the original questionnaire that were validity (Maslach Burnout Inventory. Method: The study is characterized as exploratory and descriptive, given the need to provide greater familiarity with the relationship between the phenomenon to be studied and the target audience that was wanted to interview. Results: The results indicated that the size of the professional fulfillment is committed to moderate level, the size of depersonalization is not compromised and emotional exhaustion is present in youth work routine. Thus, although not found the burnout itself, there are remarkable risk behaviors that could be generate the syndrome on the future. Conclusion: The results may indicate the need for intervention in the company, in order to allow greater enrichment activities developed by young learners, as well as prevent the emergence of situations that may lead to suffering at work .

  3. El efecto del job crafting y el rol mediador del burnout y el engagement sobre la relación entre las características laborales y la intención de rotar

    OpenAIRE

    Lazarte Aranguren, Luis Antonio

    2016-01-01

    El propósito de esta investigación es determinar el efecto del job crafting sobre la intención de rotar, así como comprobar el rol mediador del burnout y el engagement sobre las relaciones entre las demandas y recursos laborales respectivamente y la intención de rotar dentro de empresas de call center de Lima-Perú. Para ello, se plantearon tres hipótesis de investigación. En primer lugar, se empleó la definición de intención de rotar de Mobley et al. (1978) en el marco del modelo de demandas ...

  4. Burnout in Hospital Social Workers Who Work with AIDS Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oktay, Julianne S.

    1992-01-01

    Surveyed 128 hospital social workers who worked with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients. Found that hospital AIDS social workers had slightly higher rates of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization on Maslach Burnout Inventory but also felt substantially higher level of personal accomplishment. Age, autonomy, and belonging to…

  5. Teacher burnout: Construct equivalence and the role of union ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The objective in this study was to investigate its structure and validate the Maslach Burnout Inventory for educators in the Goldfields region of the northern Free State province of South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design was used, where a sample of educators was drawn from the total population (N=468). An adapted ...

  6. Burnout and depressive symptoms in intensive care nurses: relationship analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos, Eduardo Motta de; Martino, Milva Maria Figueiredo De; França, Salomão Patrício de Souza

    2018-01-01

    To analyze the existence of a relationship between burnout and depressive symptoms among intensive care unit nursing staff. A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study with 91 intensive care nurses. Data collection used a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey, and the Beck Depression Inventory - I. The Pearson test verified the correlation between the burnout dimension score and the total score from the Beck Depression Inventory. Fisher's exact test was used to analyze whether there is an association between the diseases. Burnout was presented by 14.29% of the nurses and 10.98% had symptoms of depression. The higher the level of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and the lower professional accomplishment, the greater the depressive symptoms. The association was significant between burnout and depressive symptoms. Nurses with burnout have a greater possibility of triggering depressive symptoms.

  7. Burnout in the working population: relations to psychosocial work factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindblom, Karin M; Linton, Steven J; Fedeli, Cecilia; Bryngelsson, Ing-Liss

    2006-01-01

    This study investigated levels of burnout in the general population irrespective of occupation and relations between burnout and psychosocial work factors. A cross-sectional survey featuring sleep problems, psychological distress, burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey), and psychosocial factors at work, was mailed to a random sample of 3,000 participants, aged 20-60. Response rate was 61%. A high level (18%), a low level (19%), and an intermediate group (63%) for burnout were constructed. The high level group was associated with those who were > 50 years old, women, those experiencing psychological distress, and those with a poor psychosocial work climate. The analyses on variables significant in previous analyses showed that the high level group was strongly related to high demands, low control, lack of social support, and disagreeing about values at the workplace even when accounting for age, gender, and psychological distress. We conclude that psychosocial work factors are important in association to burnout regardless of occupation.

  8. Burnout and depressive symptoms in intensive care nurses: relationship analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Motta de Vasconcelos

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the existence of a relationship between burnout and depressive symptoms among intensive care unit nursing staff. Method: A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study with 91 intensive care nurses. Data collection used a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey, and the Beck Depression Inventory - I. The Pearson test verified the correlation between the burnout dimension score and the total score from the Beck Depression Inventory. Fisher's exact test was used to analyze whether there is an association between the diseases. Results: Burnout was presented by 14.29% of the nurses and 10.98% had symptoms of depression. The higher the level of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and the lower professional accomplishment, the greater the depressive symptoms. The association was significant between burnout and depressive symptoms. Conclusion: Nurses with burnout have a greater possibility of triggering depressive symptoms.

  9. Burnout syndrome among music teachers and triggering factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sena G. OTACIOĞLU

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The issue of burnout which retains its importance at present as a subject studied in different cultures and domains has been identified as the exhaustion of energy, power, or sources because of intensive demand, propulsive stress period and the loss of idealism (Surgevil, 2005. The aim of this research based on this subject is to determine the burnout syndrome level and related socio-demographic characteristics of music teachers. 40 music teachers are involved in the research and their levels of burnout are measured using Maslach Burnout Inventory. As a result, while the burnout scores of the music teachers were found to differ significantly in terms of gender, age, institution of employment, letters of appreciation, seniority, and their perception of their economic situation, whether burnout subscale scores change according to the institution of employment variable was put forth for consideration.

  10. The Effects of Transformational Leadership and the Sense of Calling on Job Burnout among Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Tao; Zimmerli, Laurie; Hoffer, Harry E.

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the effects of transformational leadership of supervisors and the sense of calling on job burnout among special education teachers. A total of 256 special education teachers completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory and rated their supervisors on the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire. The results reveal that transformational…

  11. A Comparison of Burnout Levels of Preschool Teachers in Terms of Having Integration Students in Their Classes or Not

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahbaz, Ümit; Koyutürk Koçer, Nazife

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to compare burnout levels of preschool teachers who have integration students in their classes and those who do not. The sample of the study consists of 185 preschool teachers working in Isparta city and town centers. The data of the study were collected using the Burnout Inventory developed by Maslach and Jackson…

  12. Neuroticism and locus of control as moderators of the relationships of charismatic and autocratic leadership with burnout.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Hoogh, A.H.B.; den Hartog, D.N.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the moderating role of personality traits in the relationship between leader behavior and burnout. In two samples, employees (N = 91; N = 190) filled out the Maslach Burnout Inventory—General Survey and rated their leader’s autocratic and charismatic leader behavior and their own

  13. [Burnout syndrome among family physicians].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Cruz, Juan; Mugártegui-Sánchez, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    burnout syndrome is a state of physical and emotional exhaustion that can occur among workers who interact directly with others. This could affect job performance. The objective was to determine the prevalence of this syndrome and its associated factors among family physicians. a cross-sectional survey applying the Maslach Burnout Inventory was conducted in a selected convenience non-probability sampling of family physicians. Central tendency and dispersion measures were used in determining the prevalence of burnout syndrome; the associated factors were analysed by χ(2) test. there were 59 cases of burnout syndrome, 36 had involvement in a single component, 15 in 2 and 8 were affected in 3 components; we observed that 35 % of positive cases reported doing an average of 10 extra shifts a month (p = 0.013). Having a second job was associated with positive cases of burnout syndrome. the results are consistent with similar studies. Working extra shifts or having a second job were the related factors most associated to this syndrome.

  14. Burnout syndrome prevalence in physiotherapists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Sánchez, Blanca; López-Arza, María Victoria González; Montanero-Fernández, Jesús; Varela-Donoso, Enrique; Rodríguez-Mansilla, Juan; Mingote-Adán, José Carlos

    2017-04-01

    To evaluate burnout syndrome in its three aspects, jointly as well as independently, in physiotherapists from the Extremadura region (Spain). Analytic descriptive epidemiological transversal trial in primary care and institutional practice, with physiotherapists practicing in Extremadura who met the inclusion criteria, after having signed an informed consent form. Emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low professional accomplishment were the outcomes measured. Physiotherapists from Extremadura show a 65.23 point level of burnout syndrome, according to the Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire. Therefore, they are positioned in the middle of the rating scale for the syndrome, and very near to the high level at starting score of 66 points. Physiotherapists in Extremadura present moderate scores for the three dimensions of burnout syndrome, namely, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low professional accomplishment. For this reason, they are in the moderate level of the syndrome and very near to the high level, which starts at a score of 66 points. No relation between burnout syndrome and age has been found in our study.

  15. El Síndrome de Burnout en personal sanitario de los hospitales de la empresa minera de Southern Perú Copper Corporation: estudio Piloto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Gomero Cuadra

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Se atribuye al Síndrome de Burnout o de Agotamiento Profesional, como el responsable de la desmotivación que sufren los profesionales sanitarios. En nuestra realidad, poco se ha investigado y escrito sobre el Síndrome de Burnout, sin embargo, creemos que su presencia en el personal sanitario está presente y en incremento. Objetivo: El presente estudio pretende identificar los trabajadores sanitarios con Síndrome de Burnout en nuestro centro de labor y aportar las características epidemiológicas que permitan una aproximación del perfil de riesgo en el personal sanitario. Materiales y métodos: Se entregó el Maslach Burnout Inventory al personal sanitario de los hospitales de una empresa minera del sur de Perú, previa explicación del estudio. Resultados: Se recibieron 82 (63% cuestionarios debidamente llenados de los 130 entregados, de los cuales 26 fueron médico(as, 35 enfermero(as y 21 auxiliares de enfermería. Solo un médico presentó puntaje alto para cansancio emocional (CE y despersonalización (DP y bajo para baja realización personal (BRP. Conclusiones: En la población estudiada encontramos un médico con diagnóstico de Síndrome de Burnout, quien se caracterizó por el desarrollo temprano del síndrome y no asociado a la realización de turnos. Además concluimos en la necesidad de repetir el estudio en instituciones de salud públicas. (Rev Med Hered 2005;16:233-238.

  16. Síndrome de burnout en personal de salud de la ciudad de Arequipa (Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter L. Arias Gallegos

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Introducción: El síndrome de burnout fue descrito por primera vez en 1974 por Freudenberger, y desde entonces ha generado una gran cantidad de investigación sobre sus síntomas más característicos como son el agotamiento emocional, la despersonalización y la baja realización personal. Entre las tres profesiones de mayor riesgo se tiene al personal de salud, los profesores y los policías. Objetivo: El objetivo de la presente investigación fue valorar la prevalencia del síndrome de burnout en personal de salud de la ciudad de Arequipa (Perú, y analizar comparativamente los datos en función del sexo, los ingresos económicos, el estado civil, el tiempo de servicio, el cargo, la profesión y la institución de procedencia. Método: Se trabajó con un diseño de investigación de tipo descriptivo y se aplicó el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach, que consta de 22 ítems y cuenta con adecuados índices de validez y confiabilidad (α= .76. Resultados: Se evaluaron a 213 trabajadores del sector salud que laboran en hospitales y postas de salud de la ciudad. El 35.7% son varones y el 63.8% son mujeres, con 37 años de edad como promedio. Los resultados indican que altos porcentajes de profesionales del sector salud tienen algunos síntomas del síndrome de burnout, y solo un 5.6% tiene el síndrome de burnout en nivel severo. Además, se registraron diferencias entre los trabajadores en función del sexo, el tiempo de servicio, el cargo, la profesión y la institución en la que laboran. Discusión: Se concluye que el síndrome de burnout tiene una presencia preocupante entre el personal de salud, sobre todo en la dimensión de despersonalización, y que las diferencias encontradas en función de las variables demográficas se explican en función del entorno laboral y las condiciones de trabajo.

  17. [Preventing burnout in nursing students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botti, Geneviève; Foddis, Danielle; Giacalone-Olive, Anne-Marie

    2011-05-01

    In 2009-2010, four "personal development and stress management" workshops were attended by all the 2nd and 3rd year students at the nursing training institute of Sainte-Marguerite Hospital in Marseille. Beforehand, their stress levels were assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) scale which revealed that such a workshop would be useful. 80% of students were interested and 50% found it to be of real help. This work involves reflecting on the malaise among healthcare professionals and the ways of overcoming it.

  18. SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT Y FACTORES ASOCIADOS EN ESTUDIANTES DE UNA ESCUELA DE MEDICINA DE CHILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Alfaro-Toloza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia y ciertos factores asociados al síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes de Medicina de una escuela de medicina chilena. Metodología: Estudio transversal analítico. Se aplicaron dos cuestionarios, uno de confección de los investigadores y el Maslach Burnout Inventory para medir el síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes de Medicina de cuarto a séptimo año de la Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción (n= 200, entre mayo y junio de 2011. Se analizó el grado de síndrome de Burnout, calidad del sueño, desempeño académico y datos biográficos, usando estadística descriptiva y analítica. Resultados: n = 90, el 57,7% (n = 52 correspondía a mujeres. La edad promedio fue de 22,9 +-1,9 años. La prevalencia de síndrome de Burnout severo fue de un 13,3% (n = 12, distribuido en igual proporción según género. El tener una buena percepción de la calidad del sueño (reparador o suficiente (OR = 0,21; IC 95% 0,06 – 0,71; p = 0,011 se comportó como factor protector de la presencia de al menos un ítem de síndrome de Burnout en rango severo. Conclusión: Existe un alto grado de síndrome de Burnout en la población estudiada, no encontrándose diferencias según género. Tener una buena percepción de la calidad de sueño demostró ser un factor protector en la presencia y severidad del síndrome de Burnout. Palabras Clave: Agotamiento profesional; Estudiantes de Medicina; Estrés sicológico.

  19. The syndrome of burnout, self-image, and anxiety with grammar school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branko Slivar

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with certain characteristics of the teenagers experiencing burnout and the influence of some dimensions of self image and anxiety on the burnout dimensions. The research investigated the relation between anxiety, dimensions of self image and the burnout syndrome. The research data were obtained through the use of the modified MBI - "The Maslach Burnout Inventory", Spielbergs' questionnaire of trait anxiety and Offer Self-Imagination Questionnaire. The research comprised 1868 students aged between 15 and 19 6.7 percent of them turned out to have suffered a strong burnout. The results of the research proved that the burnout syndrome appears in several different levels of intensity also among adolescents attending secondary school (gymnasia programme. True multivariate research the two basic hypotheses were confirmed: the adolescents with some negative self image areas are more likely to suffer burnout and that there is the certain dimensions of self image influence certain dimensions of burnout.

  20. Personal risk factors associated with burnout among psychotherapists: A systematic review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simionato, Gabrielle K; Simpson, Susan

    2018-03-24

    Emotionally taxing job demands place psychotherapists at risk for burnout, often to the detriment of the therapist, clients, and the profession of psychotherapy (Maslach, 2007). The aim of the present systematic review was to (a) explore the levels of both burnout and job stress in psychotherapists, (b) identify tools used to measure work-related stress and burnout, and (c) identify personal risk factors for developing burnout among psychotherapists. Databases PsycINFO, Medline, EMBASE, ASSIA, and CINHAL were searched. Forty articles met inclusion criteria. Over half of sampled psychotherapists reported moderate-high levels of burnout, with the majority of results based on quantitative cross-sectional self-report surveys. Younger age, having less work experience, and being overinvolved in client problems were the most common personal risk factors for moderate-high levels of stress and burnout among psychotherapists. It appears that psychotherapists commonly experience some burnout, and personal factors influence burnout development. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Professional burnout in European young oncologists: results of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Young Oncologists Committee Burnout Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, S; Califano, R; Corral, J; de Azambuja, E; De Mattos-Arruda, L; Guarneri, V; Hutka, M; Jordan, K; Martinelli, E; Mountzios, G; Ozturk, M A; Petrova, M; Postel-Vinay, S; Preusser, M; Qvortrup, C; Volkov, M N M; Tabernero, J; Olmos, D; Strijbos, M H

    2017-07-01

    Burnout in health care professionals could have serious negative consequences on quality of patient care, professional satisfaction and personal life. Our aim was to investigate the burnout prevalence, work and lifestyle factors potentially affecting burnout amongst European oncologists ≤40 (YOs). A survey was conducted using the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and additional questions exploring work/lifestyle factors. Statistical analyses were carried out to identify factors associated with burnout. Total of 737 surveys (all ages) were collected from 41 European countries. Countries were divided into six regions. Results from 595 (81%) YOs were included (81% medical oncologists; 52% trainees, 62% women). Seventy-one percent of YOs showed evidence of burnout (burnout subdomains: depersonalization 50%; emotional exhaustion 45; low accomplishment 35%). Twenty-two percent requested support for burnout during training and 74% reported no hospital access to support services. Burnout rates were significantly different across Europe (P women (60% versus 45% P = 0.0001) and low accomplishment was highest in the 26-30 age group (P balance, access to support services, living alone and inadequate vacation time remained independent burnout factors (P balance, access to support services and adequate vacation time may reduce burnout levels. Raising awareness, support and interventional research are needed. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. Prevalencia del síndrome del quemado y estudio de los factores asociados en los trabajadores de un hospital comarcal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pera G.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: El síndrome del quemado o de burnout es un tipo de estrés laboral que puede tener repercusiones psicosomáticas, conductuales, emocionales, familiares y sociales, y que puede ser motivo de absentismo laboral y de bajo rendimiento en el trabajo. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer la prevalencia del síndrome del quemado entre los trabajadores de un hospital comarcal, así como conocer las características personales y laborales que se asocian a dicho síndrome. Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio observacional transversal en el que se seleccionó una muestra aleatoria, estratificada por categoría profesional, de 300 trabajadores a los que se les administró el Maslach Burnout Inventory para medir el grado de burnout. Este cuestionario consta de tres subescalas: el cansancio emocional, la despersonalización y la realización personal. Resultados: El 13,9% de los entrevistados presentó un grado elevado de burnout para el cansancio emocional, el 11,1% para la despersonalización y el 6,6% para la realización personal. Ninguno de los entrevistados obtuvo puntuaciones elevadas en las tres escalas a la vez, mientras que un 27% presentó un grado alto de burnout en al menos una de las tres escalas. En el análisis multivariante la categoría profesional y el sexo se asociaron de forma estadísticamente significativa con un alto grado de burnout. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de síndrome del quemado en el hospital de Mataró es relativamente baja y se asocia al género y la categoría profesional.

  3. Burnout and Physical Activity in Minnesota Internal Medicine Resident Physicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Shawn M.; Odo, Nnaemeka U.; Duran, Alisa M.; Pereira, Anne G.; Mandel, Jeffrey H.

    2014-01-01

    Background Regular physical activity plays an important role in the amelioration of several mental health disorders; however, its relationship with burnout has not yet been clarified. Objective To determine the association between achievement of national physical activity guidelines and burnout in internal medicine resident physicians. Methods A Web-based survey of internal medicine resident physicians at the University of Minnesota and Hennepin County Medical Center was conducted from September to October 2012. Survey measures included the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results Of 149 eligible residents, 76 (51.0%) completed surveys, which were used in the analysis. Burnout prevalence, determined by the Maslach Burnout Inventory, was 53.9% (41 of 76). Prevalence of failure to achieve US Department of Health and Human Services physical activity guidelines was 40.8% (31 of 76), and 78.9% (60 of 76) of residents reported that their level of physical activity has decreased since they began medical training. Residents who were able to meet physical activity guidelines were less likely to be burned out than their fellow residents (OR, 0.38, 95% CI 0.147–0.99). Conclusions Among internal medicine resident physicians, achievement of national physical activity guidelines appears to be inversely associated with burnout. Given the high national prevalence of burnout and inactivity, additional investigation of this relationship appears warranted. PMID:26140116

  4. Burnout Among the Clinical Dental Students in the Jordanian Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amin, Wala Majid; Al-Ali, Muna H.; Duaibis, Ramzi B.; Oweis, Tamara; Badran, Darwish H.

    2009-01-01

    Background The study aimed to evaluate the level of burnout among the clinical dental students in two Jordanian universities. Methods A total of 307 students from the two schools were surveyed using Maslach Burnout Inventory survey. Scores for the inventory’s subscales were calculated and the mean values for the students’ groups were computed separately. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were carried out and the results were compared at 95% confidence level. Results The results showed that the dental students in both Jordanian universities suffered high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization compared to reported levels for dental students in other countries. The dental students of the University of Jordan demonstrated a significantly higher (p < 0.05) level of emotional exhaustion than their counterparts in the Jordan University of Science and Technology. Conclusions The findings indicated that dental students in the Jordanian universities presented considerable degrees of burnout manifested by high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Studies targeting students health and psychology should be carried out to determine the causes of burnout among dental students. The curricula of the dental schools in the two universities should be accordingly improved to minimize burnout among the students. Keywords Burnout; Emotional exhaustion; Depersonalization; Personal accomplishment; Maslach Burnout Inventory PMID:22461870

  5. Meta-Analysis of Surgeon Burnout Syndrome and Specialty Differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartholomew, Alex J; Houk, Anna K; Pulcrano, Marisa; Shara, Nawar M; Kwagyan, John; Jackson, Patrick G; Sosin, Michael

    2018-02-27

    Surgeon burnout compromises the quality of life of physicians and the delivery of care to patients. Burnout rates and interpretation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) complicates the interpretation of surgeon burnout. The purpose of this study is to apply a standardized interpretation of severe surgeon burnout termed, "burnout syndrome" to analyze inherent variation within surgical specialties. A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE to identify studies reporting MBI data by surgical specialty. Data extraction was performed to isolate surgeon specific data. A meta-analysis was performed. A total of 16 cross-sectional studies were included in this meta-analysis, totaling 3581 subjects. A random effects model approximated burnout syndrome at 3.0% (95% CI: 2.0%-5.0%; I 2 = 78.1%). Subscale analysis of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment indicated subscale burnout in 30.0% (CI: 25.0%-36.0%; I 2 = 93.2%), 34.0% (CI: 25.0%-43.0%; I 2 = 96.9%), and 25.0% (CI: 18.0%-32.0%; I 2 = 96.5%) of surgeons, respectively. Significant differences (p burnout termed "burnout syndrome," although surgeon burnout may occur in up to 34% of surgeons, characterized by high burnout in 1 of 3 subscales. Surgical specialties have significantly different rates of burnout subscales. Future burnout studies should target the specialty-specific level to understand inherent differences in an effort to better understand methods of improving surgeon burnout. Copyright © 2018 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Relación del burnout y el rendimiento académico con la satisfacción frente a los estudios en estudiantes universitarios

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    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Los estudiantes se enfrentan cada vez más a retos y exigencias del medio que demandan una gran cantidad de recursos físicos y psicológicos de diversa índole. Muchos de ellos dejan sus estudios o disminuyen de manera considerable su rendimiento académico sin encontrar una explicación. Dos variables que han sido poco estudiadas en nuestro contexto y que pueden dar claridad a buena parte de esta situación son el burnout y la satisfacción. En esta investigación se estableció la relación del burnout, el rendimiento académico, con la satisfacción frente a los estudios en una muestra de 202 universitarios de la jornada nocturna de una universidad privada de Barranquilla, quienes respondieron el MBI-SS (Schaufeli, Martínez, Marques Pinto, Salanova, & Bakker, 2002. Los resultados indican correlaciones negativas entre agotamiento, cinismo, autoeficacia y rendimiento académico con la satisfacción frente al estudio, mientras que el vigor, dedicación y absorción se correlacionaron positivamente con esta. Por otro lado, el buen funcionamiento académico se correlaciona positivamente con las dimensiones del engagement y negativamente con el cinismo; de manera particular, ninguna de las variables se correlaciona con el agotamiento, a pesar de evidenciar cinismo y baja autoeficacia.

  7. Burnout in Cardiac Anesthesiologists: Results From a National Survey in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanfilippo, Filippo; Noto, Alberto; Palumbo, Gaetano J; Ippolito, Mariachiara; Gagliardone, Mariapia; Scarlata, Maria; Bignami, Elena; Sangalli, Fabio; Cattaneo, Sergio; Blangetti, Ilaria; Scolletta, Sabino; Locatelli, Alessandro; Tritapepe, Luigi; Lorini, Ferdinando L; Arcadipane, Antonio

    2018-05-16

    There is increasing burnout incidence among medical disciplines, and physicians working in emergency settings seem at higher risk. Cardiac anesthesiology is a stressful anesthesiology subspecialty dealing with high-risk patients. The authors hypothesized a high risk of burnout in cardiac anesthesiologists. National survey conducted on burnout SETTING: Italian cardiac centers. Cardiac anesthesiologists. The authors administered via email an anonymous questionnaire divided into 3 parts. The first 2 parts evaluated workload and private life. The third part consisted of the Maslach Burnout Inventory test with its 3 constituents: high emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. The authors measured the prevalence and risk of burnout through the Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire and analyzed factors influencing burnout. Among 670 contacts from 71 centers, 382 cardiac anesthesiologists completed the survey (57%). The authors found the following mean Maslach Burnout Inventory values: 14.5 ± 9.7 (emotional exhaustion), 9.1 ± 7.1 (depersonalization), and 33.7 ± 8.9 (personal accomplishment). A rate of 34%, 54%, and 66% of respondents scored in "high" or "moderate-high" risk of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment, respectively). The authors found that, if offered to change subspecialty, 76% of respondents would prefer to remain in cardiac anesthesiology. This preference and parenthood were the only 2 investigated factors with a protective effect against all components of burnout. Significantly lower burnout scores were found in more experienced anesthesiologists. A relatively high incidence of burnout was found in cardiac anesthesiologists, especially regarding high depersonalization and low personal accomplishment. Nonetheless, most of the respondents would choose to remain in cardiac anesthesiology. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Personal and Environmental Characteristics Predicting Burnout Among Certified Athletic Trainers at National Collegiate Athletic Association Institutions

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    Kania, Michelle L; Meyer, Barbara B; Ebersole, Kyle T

    2009-01-01

    Context: Recent research in the health care professions has shown that specific personal and environmental characteristics can predict burnout, which is a negative coping strategy related to stressful situations. Burnout has been shown to result in physiologic (eg, headaches, difficulty sleeping, poor appetite), psychological (eg, increased negative self-talk, depression, difficulty in interpersonal relationships), and behavioral (eg, diminished care, increased absenteeism, attrition) symptoms. Objective: To examine the relationship between selected personal and environmental characteristics and burnout among certified athletic trainers (ATs). Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: A demographic survey that was designed for this study and the Maslach Burnout Inventory–Human Services Survey. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 206 ATs employed at National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) institutions as clinical ATs volunteered. Main Outcome Measure(s): We assessed personal and environmental characteristics of ATs with the demographic survey and measured burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory–Human Services Survey. Multiple regression analyses were performed to examine relationships between specific personal and environmental characteristics and each of the 3 subscales of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal accomplishment). Results: Most ATs we surveyed experienced low to average levels of burnout. Personal characteristics predicted 45.5% of the variance in emotional exhaustion (P teachers. The results also support the Cognitive-Affective Model of Athletic Burnout proposed by Smith. Finally, these results indicate new areas of concentration for burnout research and professional practice. PMID:19180220

  9. Burnout among family and general practitioners

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    Ghaida M.J. Al-Shoraian

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Job burnout is an important syndrome that can deplete the emotional health aspects of physicians. Its impacts are reflected both on the physicians and their patients through undermining the performance of physicians and degrading the quality of the administered medical care leading to dissatisfaction of the patients about the medical service. Objectives: This study is formulated to compare the prevalence of high burnout among family physicians and general practitioners and reveal the predictors of high grades of burnout among physicians. Subjects and methods: A cross sectional study was carried out. Out of 378 physicians working in two health regions in Kuwait, 200 physicians returned a filled questionnaire, of these 105 were family physicians and the rest were primary health care physicians. Maslach Burnout Inventory–Human Service Survey tool was used to estimate high degree of burnout on three domains, namely emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment. Results: General practitioners were more likely to suffer from high grades of emotional exhaustion (63.2% than family physicians (19.0%. They also suffered from high grade of depersonalization (65.3% compared with family physicians (27.6%. Those suffering from high grades of personal accomplishment burnout (inverse score constituted 61.1% of primary health care physicians and 33.3% of family physicians. Those suffering from grades for the three burnout domain constituted more than one third of primary health care physicians (36.8% compared with only 5.7% of family physicians. Type of physician job and marital status proved to be significant predictors of high grades of burnout. Conclusion: Burnout is more common among primary care than family physicians. Searching for and eliminating all sources of stress in the primary health care centers in addition to training of these physicians on coping strategies to deal with stress at work seems to be an important

  10. Burnout and its relationship with personality factors in oncology nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De la Fuente-Solana, Emilia I; Gómez-Urquiza, José L; Cañadas, Gustavo R; Albendín-García, Luis; Ortega-Campos, Elena; Cañadas-De la Fuente, Guillermo A

    2017-10-01

    To assess burnout levels in oncology nurses, to evaluate at what stage of burnout suffering they are and to analyze the relationship between burnout with personality factors. A quantitative, observational, cross-sectional multicenter study was done. Oncology nurses (n = 101) from the Andalusian Health Service (Andalusia, Spain) were included. The main variables were personality factors, assessed with the NEO-FFI questionnaire, anxiety and depression, assessed with the Educational-Clinical Questionnaire: Anxiety and Depression, and burnout, evaluated with the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Student t-statistic was used for hypothesis contrasts and Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to establish the association between personality factors and burnout. According to the burnout phases model, 29.6% of the sample is in the most severe phases. Emotional exhaustion and depersonalization are positively correlated with neuroticism and negatively correlated with agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion and openness. Personal accomplishment has a negative correlation with neuroticism and negative correlations with agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion and openness. Finally, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization have a positive correlation with anxiety and depression, while personal accomplishment has a negative correlation with anxiety and depression. A significant number of oncology nurses are in the most severe stages of burnout suffering. Personality factors have a key role in burnout development. The importance of personality factors in burnout development should be taken into account. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Burnout in Oncology: a study of Nursing professionals

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    Stephanie Kitze

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To verify if licensed practical nurses and Nursing technicians working at an Oncology department present burnout syndrome. Methods: Data of 21 licensed practical nurses and Nursing technicians who had worked for, at least, one year at the Oncology department of a large hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, were collected. The burnout inventory developed by Maslach and Jackson was used. Rresults: The studied population presented burnout based on scores in each of its three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and lack of personal accomplishment. As to burnout symptoms, this study showed that 28.6% of the sample presented high scores in “emotional exhaustion”; 28.6% had high scores in “depersonalization” and 19.1% in lack of “personal accomplishment”. Cconclusions: When compared to other studies with nurses, this sample presented greater burnout.

  12. Burnout syndrome in educators of regular basic education from Arequipa

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    Walter Lizandro Arias Gallegos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the present we expose the results of the study about burnout syndrome incidence in a sample of 233 educators (127 male and 106 female with an age range among 20 and 65 years old, who work in public and private schools in Arequipa City. The Maslach Burnout Inventory for Educators was applied and the results show that 93,7% of male educators has a moderate level of burnout and 6,3% has a severe level, meantime 91,5% of female teachers has a moderate level and 7,5% has a severe level of burnout. Major percentage of male teachers has higher punctuations in exhaustion, cynicism and inefficacy; than female educators. Moreover, we found significant relations (p<,000 among type of educative administration and cynicism and inefficacy. As conclusion, male teachers are more severe affected by burnout syndrome than female teachers, who dedicate to teach students in basic education level

  13. Relationships between medical student burnout, empathy, and professionalism climate.

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    Brazeau, Chantal M L R; Schroeder, Robin; Rovi, Sue; Boyd, Linda

    2010-10-01

    Medical student burnout is prevalent, and there has been much discussion about burnout and professionalism in medical education and the clinical learning environment. Yet, few studies have attempted to explore relationships between those issues using validated instruments. Medical students were surveyed at the beginning of their fourth year using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy-Student Version, and the Professionalism Climate Instrument. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, and Spearman correlation analysis was performed. Scores indicative of higher medical student burnout were associated with lower medical student empathy scores and with lower professionalism climate scores observed in medical students, residents, and faculty. Investigators observed relationships between medical student burnout, empathy, and professionalism climate. These findings may have implications for the design of curriculum interventions to promote student well-being and professionalism.

  14. The Effect of Mobbing on Burnout Syndrome at Workplace: An Application on Health Staff in Turkey

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    Ayça Hatice Türkan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available People feel themselves inadequte, desperate and have problem of social isolation as a result of mobbing and occupational burnout in working places. Thus it threats life, health and productivity of people. Mobbing and occupational burnout are common problems in health sector. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of mobbing and occupational burnout of health staffand to reveal the influence of m obbing on occupational burnout. As the way of collecting data, a questionnaire consisting of Leymann and Maslach scales was used. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation and regression analysis

  15. Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome in Emergency Nurses: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Urquiza, Jose Luis; De la Fuente-Solana, Emilia I; Albendín-García, Luis; Vargas-Pecino, Cristina; Ortega-Campos, Elena M; Cañadas-De la Fuente, Guillermo A

    2017-10-01

    To determine the prevalence of burnout (based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory on the 3 dimensions of high Emotional Exhaustion, high Depersonalization, and low Personal Accomplishment) among emergency nurses. A search of the terms "emergency AND nurs* AND burnout" was conducted using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane, CUIDEN, IBECS, LILACS, PubMed, ProQuest, PsycINFO, SciELO, and Scopus. Thirteen studies were included for the Maslach Burnout Inventory subscales of Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization and 11 studies for the subscale of low Personal Accomplishment. The total sample of nurses was 1566. The estimated prevalence of each subscale was 31% (95% CI, 20-44) for Emotional Exhaustion, 36% (95% CI, 23-51) for Depersonalization, and 29% (95% CI, 15-44) for low Personal Accomplishment. The prevalence of burnout syndrome in emergency nurses is high; about 30% of the sample was affected with at least 1 of the 3 Maslach Burnout Inventory subscales. Working conditions and personal factors should be taken into account when assessing burnout risk profiles of emergency nurses. ©2017 American Association of Critical-Care Nurses.

  16. Burnout syndrome in professors from an academic unit of a Colombian university Síndrome de burnout en profesores de una unidad académica de una universidad de Colom Síndrome de burnout em professores de uma unidade acadêmica de uma universidade de Colômbia

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    Maylen Liseth Rojas Botero

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome, and the relationship with the type of contract under which professors work for the university, in professors of an academic unit of a public university of the city of Medellin (Colombia in 2008. Methodology. A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out in three independent, randomized, representative samples according to the type of contract (31 full timers, 21 part timers and 43 per hours. A total of 89 professors were interviewed. To measure burnout prevalence the Maslach Burnout Inventory was used. Results. The prevalence of burnout probable cases was 19.1%, an additional 49.4% was at risk of having suffered it. According to the type of contract, full time professors had the highest prevalence (25.0%. In general, professors reported high levels of emotional tiredness and depersonalization (32.6% and 30.6% respectively, and a low level of personal accomplishment (38.2%. Conclusion. Burnout syndrome presented different type of behaviors according to the type of contract, being full time professors the ones who had the highest prevalence of the syndrome; it was expressed with higher degrees of emotional tiredness and a lower personal accomplishment.Objetivo. Determinar la prevalencia del síndrome de burnout y su relación con el tipo de vinculación laboral, en los profesores de una unidad académica de una universidad pública de la ciudad de Medellín (Colombia, en 2008. Metodología. Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, en tres muestras independientes, aleatorias y representativas según tipo de vinculación laboral (31 de planta, 21 ocasionales y 43 por horas. En total, se encuestaron 89 profesores. Para medir la prevalencia del burnout se utilizó el Maslach Burnout Inventory. Resultados. La prevalencia de los casos probables de burnout fue del 19.1%; otro 49.4% adicional estaba en posible riesgo de sufrirlo. Según el tipo de vinculación, los profesores con mayor

  17. Differential diagnostic of the burnout syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korczak, Dieter; Huber, Beate; Kister, Christine

    2010-07-05

    significant others (for example patients). There is no evidence for stigmatization of persons with burnout. The evidence of the majority of the studies is predominantly low. Most of the studies are descriptive and explorative. Self-assessment tools are mainly used, overall the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Objective data like medical parameters, health status, sick notes or judgements by third persons are extremely seldomly included in the studies. The sample construction is coincidental in the majority of cases, response rates are often low. Almost no longitudinal studies are available. There are insufficient results on the stability and the duration of related symptoms. The ambiguity of the burnout diagnosis is regularly neglected in the studies. The authors conclude, that (1) further research, particularly high-quality studies are needed, to broaden the understanding of the burnout syndrome. Equally (2) a definition of the burnout syndrome has to be found which goes beyond the published understanding of burnout and is based on common scientific consent. Furthermore, there is a need (3) for finding a standardized, international accepted and valid procedure for the differentiated diagnostics of burnout and for (4) developing a third party assessment tool for the diagnosis of burnout. Finally, (5) the economic effects and implication of burnout diagnostics on the economy, the health insurances and the patients have to be analysed.

  18. Differential diagnostic of the burnout syndrome

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    Kister, Christine

    2010-01-01

    derogation of work performance it can have also negative effects on significant others (for example patients. There is no evidence for stigmatization of persons with burnout. Discussion: The evidence of the majority of the studies is predominantly low. Most of the studies are descriptive and explorative. Self-assessment tools are mainly used, overall the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. Objective data like medical parameters, health status, sick notes or judgements by third persons are extremely seldomly included in the studies. The sample construction is coincidental in the majority of cases, response rates are often low. Almost no longitudinal studies are available. There are insufficient results on the stability and the duration of related symptoms. The ambiguity of the burnout diagnosis is regularly neglected in the studies. Conclusions: The authors conclude, that (1 further research, particularly high-quality studies are needed, to broaden the understanding of the burnout syndrome. Equally (2 a definition of the burnout syndrome has to be found which goes beyond the published understanding of burnout and is based on common scientific consent. Furthermore, there is a need (3 for finding a standardized, international accepted and valid procedure for the differentiated diagnostics of burnout and for (4 developing a third party assessment tool for the diagnosis of burnout. Finally, (5 the economic effects and implication of burnout diagnostics on the economy, the health insurances and the patients have to be analysed.

  19. National Survey of Burnout among US General Surgery Residents

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    Elmore, Leisha C; Jeffe, Donna B; Jin, Linda; Awad, Michael M; Turnbull, Isaiah R

    2017-01-01

    Background Burnout is a complex syndrome of emotional distress that can disproportionately affect individuals who work in healthcare professions. Study Design For a national survey of burnout in US general surgery residents, we asked all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited general surgery program directors to email their general surgery residents an invitation to complete an anonymous, online survey. Burnout was assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory; total scores for Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Depersonalization (DP), and Personal Accomplishment (PA) subscales were calculated. Burnout was defined as having a score in the highest tertile for EE or DP or lowest tertile for PA. Chi-square tests and one-way analyses of variance were used to test associations between burnout tertiles for each subscale and various resident and training-program characteristics as appropriate. Results From April–December, 2014, 665 residents actively engaged in clinical training had data for analysis; 69% met the criterion for burnout on at least one subscale. Higher burnout on each subscale was reported by residents planning private practice compared with academic careers. A greater proportion of women than men reported burnout on EE and PA. Higher burnout on EE and DP was associated with greater work hours per week. Having a structured mentoring program was associated with lower burnout on each subscale. Conclusions The high rates of burnout among general surgery residents are concerning given the potential impact of burnout on the quality of patient care. Efforts to identify at-risk populations and to design targeted interventions to mitigate burnout in surgical trainees are warranted. PMID:27238875

  20. Empathy and burnout: a study on residents from a Singapore institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Phong Teck; Loh, Julian; Sng, Gerald; Tung, Joshua; Yeo, Khung Keong

    2018-01-01

    Empathy and burnout are two entities that are important in a physician's career. They are likely to relate to each other and can be heavily influenced by surrounding factors, such as medical education, local practices and cultural expectations. To our knowledge, empathy and burnout studies have not been performed in Singapore. This study was designed to evaluate empathy and burnout levels using the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) among residents in Singapore, and compare them with the United States (US) literature. The JSPE, MBI and a self-designed questionnaire were completed by 446 trainees at a residency-sponsoring institution in Singapore. Residents in Singapore had lower empathy and higher rates of burnout compared to US literature. Physician empathy was associated with burnout: residents with higher empathy scores had higher personal accomplishment (p burnout scores compared to the US literature. Further research into the underlying cause is imperative to guide intervention. Copyright: © Singapore Medical Association.

  1. Burnout Syndrome During Residency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turgut, Namigar; Karacalar, Serap; Polat, Cengiz; Kıran, Özlem; Gültop, Fethi; Kalyon, Seray Türkmen; Sinoğlu, Betül; Zincirci, Mehmet; Kaya, Ender

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this study is identified the degree of Burnout Syndrome (BOS) and find out its correlation with years of recidency and sociodemograpfic chareacteristics, training, sleeping habits, such as smoking and alcohol consumption. After approval from the Hospital Ethics Committee and obtaining informed consent, First, second, third, fourth and fifth year of recidency staff (n=127) working in our hospital were involved in this study. The standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used in this study. Fifty six male (44.1%) and seventy one female (55.9%) residents were enroled in this study (Coranbach Alfa(α)=0.873). 57% of the first year residents smokes cigaret and 54% of them use alcohol. 2% of them gets one day off after hospital night shift, 61% of them suffers from disturbed sleep. 60% of them had been stated that they willingly selected their profession. 61% of them prefers talking to friends and 32% of them prefers shopping to overcome stress. There were statistical difference acording to years of recidency in MBI, Emotional Burnout (EB) and desensitisation scale (DS) points. EB scale points of the second year of residency group was statisticaly higher than fourth year of residency group. DS points of second year of residency group was also statisticaly higher than the third and fourth year of residency group. There was no statistical difference between any groups in Personal Success. BOS is a frequent problem during residency in anaesthesia. Appropriate definition and awareness are the first important steps to prevent this syndrome. Further administrative approaches should be evaluated with regard to their effects.

  2. Ethical sensitivity, burnout, and job satisfaction in emergency nurses.

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    Palazoğlu, Cansu Atmaca; Koç, Zeliha

    2017-01-01

    Rising levels of burnout and decreasing job satisfaction can inhibit healthcare professionals from providing high-quality care due to a corresponding decrease in their ethical sensitivity. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the level of ethical sensitivity in emergency service nurses and their levels of burnout and job satisfaction. This research employed a descriptive and cross-sectional design. Participants and research context: This study was conducted with a sample of 236 nurses, all of whom worked in emergency service between 24 July 2015 and 28 April 2016. Data were collected using the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale. Ethical considerations: This study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Review Board of Ondokuz Mayıs University. There was a weak and negative correlation (r = -0.158, p = 0.015) between Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory scores. There was also a weak and negative correlation (r = -0.335, p Burnout Inventory and Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale scores. Decreased job satisfaction and increased burnout levels among emergency service nurses might result in them indulging in improper practices, frequently facing ethical problems, and a decrease in the overall quality of service in hospitals. In order for emergency service nurses to recognize ethical problems and make the most accurate decisions, a high level of ethical sensitivity is critical. In this respect, it is suggested that continuing education after graduation and training programs should be organized.

  3. Career satisfaction and burnout among Ghanaian physicians.

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    Opoku, Samuel T; Apenteng, Bettye A

    2014-03-01

    Thus far, there has been limited inquiry into the factors associated with physician career satisfaction and burnout in Ghana, although the two have been linked to the brain drain problem. The objective of this study was to assess career satisfaction and burnout among physicians practicing in a developing nation, Ghana. A 21-item instrument was used to assess career satisfaction among actively practicing Ghanaian physicians, using items adapted from the Physician Worklife Study survey. Burnout was assessed using the Abbreviated Maslach's Burnout Inventory. Two hundred physicians participated in the online survey from December 2012 to February 2013. Generally, physicians in Ghana expressed moderate overall career satisfaction. However, they were least satisfied with the availability of resources, their compensation and work-life balance. Overall, burnout was low in the study population; however physicians exhibited moderate levels of emotional exhaustion. Career satisfaction was negatively associated with the burnout dimensions of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and low personal accomplishment. Health policy-makers in Ghana should address issues relating to resource adequacy, compensation and the work-life balance of physicians in order to improve the overall career satisfaction of an already dwindling physician workforce.

  4. Burnout and engagement of reformed church ministers

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    Chenelle Buys

    2010-06-01

    Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of job-demands and job-resources on ministers’ burnout and engagement. Congregational commitment and health were included as possible consequences of burnout and engagement. Motivation for the study: Ministers’ well-being has become an important topic for both researchers and practitioners. Research design, approach and method: A survey design with a non-probability, purposive voluntary sample of 115 ministers was used. The Job-Demands–Resources Questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Work Engagement Scale, General Health Questionnaire, and Congregational Commitment Scale were administered. Main findings: Regression analysis indicated that the pace, amount of work and emotional demands were indicators of burnout while growth opportunities, social support and job significance were indicators of engagement. Furthermore, it was found that exhaustion predicted somatic symptoms and depression, while mental distance predicted depression. Engagement predicted social functioning and affective commitment. Practical implications: Interventions should be implemented to help ministers deal more effectively with any burnout symptoms experienced in order to prevent ministers who are already showing signs of burnout from getting sick to increase their engagement and to rehabilitate individuals who are ill as a result of the work place. Contribution: The study contributes to knowledge regarding the effects of job-demands and resources on the well-being of ministers.

  5. Burnout Among Anesthetists and Intensive Care Physicians.

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    Mikalauskas, Audrius; Benetis, Rimantas; Širvinskas, Edmundas; Andrejaitienė, Judita; Kinduris, Šarūnas; Macas, Andrius; Padaiga, Žilvinas

    2018-01-01

    Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in physicians. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of burnout among anesthetists and intensive care physicians, and associations between burnout and personal, as well as professional, characteristics. In total, 220 anesthetists and intensive care physicians were contacted by email, asking them to participate in the study. For depression screening the PHQ-2 questionnaire, for problem drinking, CAGE items were used. Burnout was measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Overall, 34% anesthetists and intensive care physicians indicated high levels of emotional exhaustion, 25% indicated high levels of depersonalization, and 38% showed low personal accomplishment. Burnout was found more frequent among subjects with problem drinking (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.5-6.8), depressiveness (OR 10.2, 95% CI 4.6-22.6), cardiovascular disorders (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.7-7.1), and digestive disorders (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.2-4.0). Some favorite after-work activities positively correlated with burnout, such as sedative medications abuse (OR 4.8, 95% CI 1.8-12.5), alcohol abuse (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3-4.5), eating more than usual (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1-3.5), and transferring the accumulated stress to relatives (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.4-5.5). In contrast, reading of non-medical literature seemed to have a protective effect (OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.2-0.9). Burnout was highly prevalent among anesthetists and intensive care physicians with two fifths of them meeting diagnostic criteria. It was strongly correlated with problem drinking, depressiveness, cardiovascular and digestive disorders, use of sedatives and overeating.

  6. Family medicine residency training and burnout: a qualitative study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutherford, Kimberly; Oda, Joanna

    2014-01-01

    Background Almost three-quarters of family practice residents in British Columbia (BC) meet criteria for burnout. We sought to understand how burnout is perceived and experienced by family medicine residents, and to identify both contributory and protective factors for resident burnout. Method Two semi-structured focus groups were conducted with ten family practice residents from five distinct University of British Columbia training sites. Participants completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The data were analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. Results Seventy percent of the focus group participants met criteria for burnout using the MBI. The experience of burnout was described as physical and emotional exhaustion, loss of motivation, isolation from loved ones, and disillusionment with the medical profession. Contributory factors included high workload, burned-out colleagues, perceived undervaluing of family medicine, lack of autonomy, and inability to achieve work-life balance. Protective factors included strong role models in medicine, feeling that one’s work is valued and rotations in family medicine. Conclusions The high level of burnout in family medicine residents in BC is a multifactorial and complex phenomenon. Training programs and faculty should be aware of burnout risk factors and strive to implement changes to reduce burnout, including allowing residents increased control over scheduling, access to counseling services and training for resident mentors. PMID:26451218

  7. [Evolution of burnout and associated factors in primary care physicians].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matía Cubillo, Angel Carlos; Cordero Guevara, José; Mediavilla Bravo, José Javier; Pereda Riguera, Maria José; González Castro, Maria Luisa; González Sanz, Ana

    2012-09-01

    To analyse the course of burnout and develop an explanatory model. Prospective cohort dynamics. SITE: All primary health care centres in Burgos. All physicians except medical emergencies, paediatrics and residents. Anonymous self-report questionnaire: Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and related variables. An analysis was performed using the Student-t, X(2) test and logistic regression. The response rate was 47.76% in 2007, which was lower than that of 2005. There were significant differences between 2005 and 2007, for increases in the percentage of physicians who smoked, postgraduate training, residency, and those who believe that coordination with nursing and specialist care and institutional communication is appropriate. There was an increase in the prevalence of burnout by almost one point compared with 2005, a decrease in maximum burnout and emotional exhaustion (EC), and an increase in depersonalisation (DP) and personal accomplishment (RP). The incidence density of burnout was 1/113. 5 primary care physicians per year. The existence of burnout is associated with the use of chronic medication and inadequate coordination between nursing and EC, and also with the high workload. The increase in the prevalence found is consistent with the idea of burnout as a dynamic development and the theoretical model described. Stable and quality employment is one way to indirectly mitigate (by encouraging internal communication) professional burnout. In the multivariate analysis, the most critical variable in the onset of burnout is the inadequate coordination with nursing. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  8. Resident burnout: evaluating the role of the learning environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Vendeloo, Stefan N; Godderis, Lode; Brand, Paul L P; Verheyen, Kees C P M; Rowell, Suria A; Hoekstra, Harm

    2018-03-27

    Although burnout is viewed as a syndrome rooted in the working environment and organizational culture, the role of the learning environment in the development of resident burnout remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the association between burnout and the learning environment in a cohort of Belgian residents. We conducted a cross-sectional online survey among residents in a large university hospital in Belgium. We used the Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (UBOS-C) to assess burnout and the Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test (D-RECT) to assess the learning environment. A total of 236 residents (29 specialties) completed the survey (response rate 34.6%), of which 98 (41.5%) met standard criteria for burnout. After multivariate regression analysis adjusting for hours worked per week, quality of life and satisfaction with work-life balance, we found an inverse association between D-RECT scores and the risk of burnout (adjusted odds ratio; 0.47 for each point increase in D-RECT score; 95% CI, 0.23 - 0.95; p = 0.01). Resident burnout is highly prevalent in our cohort of Belgian residents. Our results suggest that the learning environment plays an important role in reducing the risk of burnout among residents.

  9. Burnout and the learning environment of anaesthetic trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castanelli, D J; Wickramaarachchi, S A; Wallis, S

    2017-11-01

    Burnout has a high prevalence among healthcare workers and is increasingly recognised as an environmental problem rather than reflecting a personal inability to cope with work stress. We distributed an electronic survey, which included the Maslach Burnout Inventory Health Services Survey and a previously validated learning environment instrument, to 281 Victorian anaesthetic trainees. The response rate was 50%. We found significantly raised rates of burnout in two of three subscales. Ninety-one respondents (67%) displayed evidence of burnout in at least one domain, with 67 (49%) reporting high emotional exhaustion and 57 (42%) reporting high depersonalisation. The clinical learning environment tool demonstrated a significant negative correlation with burnout (r=-0.56, P Burnout was significantly more common than when previously measured in Victoria in 2008 (62% versus 38%). Trainees rated examination preparation the most stressful aspect of the training program. There is a high prevalence of burnout among Victorian anaesthetic trainees. We have shown a significant correlation exists between the clinical learning environment measure and the presence of burnout. This correlation supports the development of interventions to improve the clinical learning environment, as a means to improve trainee wellbeing and address the high prevalence of burnout.

  10. Family medicine residency training and burnout: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutherford, Kimberly; Oda, Joanna

    2014-01-01

    Almost three-quarters of family practice residents in British Columbia (BC) meet criteria for burnout. We sought to understand how burnout is perceived and experienced by family medicine residents, and to identify both contributory and protective factors for resident burnout. Two semi-structured focus groups were conducted with ten family practice residents from five distinct University of British Columbia training sites. Participants completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The data were analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. Seventy percent of the focus group participants met criteria for burnout using the MBI. The experience of burnout was described as physical and emotional exhaustion, loss of motivation, isolation from loved ones, and disillusionment with the medical profession. Contributory factors included high workload, burned-out colleagues, perceived undervaluing of family medicine, lack of autonomy, and inability to achieve work-life balance. Protective factors included strong role models in medicine, feeling that one's work is valued and rotations in family medicine. The high level of burnout in family medicine residents in BC is a multifactorial and complex phenomenon. Training programs and faculty should be aware of burnout risk factors and strive to implement changes to reduce burnout, including allowing residents increased control over scheduling, access to counseling services and training for resident mentors.

  11. Burnout does not help predict depression among French school teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Renzo; Schonfeld, Irvin Sam; Laurent, Eric

    2015-11-01

    Burnout has been viewed as a phase in the development of depression. However, supportive research is scarce. We examined whether burnout predicted depression among French school teachers. We conducted a 2-wave, 21-month study involving 627 teachers (73% female) working in French primary and secondary schools. Burnout was assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory and depression with the 9-item depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). The PHQ-9 grades depressive symptom severity and provides a provisional diagnosis of major depression. Depression was treated both as a continuous and categorical variable using linear and logistic regression analyses. We controlled for gender, age, and length of employment. Controlling for baseline depressive symptoms, linear regression analysis showed that burnout symptoms at time 1 (T1) did not predict depressive symptoms at time 2 (T2). Baseline depressive symptoms accounted for about 88% of the association between T1 burnout and T2 depressive symptoms. Only baseline depressive symptoms predicted depressive symptoms at follow-up. Similarly, logistic regression analysis revealed that burnout symptoms at T1 did not predict incident cases of major depression at T2 when depressive symptoms at T1 were included in the predictive model. Only baseline depressive symptoms predicted cases of major depression at follow-up. This study does not support the view that burnout is a phase in the development of depression. Assessing burnout symptoms in addition to "classical" depressive symptoms may not always improve our ability to predict future depression.

  12. SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT EN PROFESIONALES DE ENFERMERÍA QUE REALIZAN JORNADA FÍSICA COMPLEMENTARIA EN SERVICIOS DE CUIDADOS CRÍTICOS Y URGENCIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Arturo Cañadas-De la Fuente

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: El síndrome de burnout es un trastorno que afecta a las personas que lo padecen, a las instituciones en las que éstas prestan servicio y a la calidad de los cuidados a los pacientes. El objetivo fue estudiar los niveles de síndrome de burnout en los profesionales de enfermería de urgencias con jornada física complementaria y conocer su relación con características de personalidad y realización de jornada física complementaria y conocer su relación con características de personalidad de los profesionales de enfermería. Métodos: Estudio transversal multicéntrico con una muestra de 1.225 profesionales de enfermería de urgencias del Servicio Andaluz de Salud. Se recogieron variables sociodemográficas, psicológicas y laborales. El síndrome de burnout fue evaluado mediante el Maslach Burnout Inventory y los factores de personalidad a través del NEO-Five Factor Inventory. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos de las variables, contrastes de hipótesis de dos medias independientes y análisis bayesianos. Resultados: El 44,1% de los profesionales de enfermería que realizaban jornada física complementaria presentaban síndrome de burnout alto frente a un 38% de los que no tenían dicha sobrecarga. Respecto a las dimensiones del burnout se mantenían estas diferencias, especialmente en las dimensiones cansancio emocional (15,3% frente a 10,8% y despersonalización (17,9% frente a 11,8%. Conclusiones: La realización de jornada física complementaria parece afectar negativamente a los profesionales de enfermería de urgencias y podría favorecer en ellos el desarrollo del síndrome de burnout.

  13. Diseño de Proyecto de Investigación sobre la prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout en los profesionales de enfermería del Servicio de Reanimación del Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Isabel, Beatriz

    2014-01-01

    El primer planteamiento para nuestro Trabajo Fin de Grado, fué desarrollar un estudio de investigación con respecto a la prevalencia del estrés laboral y del Síndrome de Burnout en los profesionales de enfermería (enfermeras/TCAEs) del Servicio de Reanimación del Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid (en adelante HCU, pero debido a la falta de autorización por parte de dicho centro para la recogida de datos de los profesionales sanitarios hasta la aprobación y visto b...

  14. BURNOUT EXPERIENCE AMONG TEACHERS: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agata Letizia Caruso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is a psychological syndrome, stemming as a response to chronic interpersonal jobs stressors, characterized by three principal dimensions: Exhaustion (the state of depletion of the individual’s emotional and physical resources due to the difficulties in facing customers’ demands;  Depersonalization (the negative, off-putting and extremely distant  reaction to diverse facets of the job; reduced Personal Accomplishment (referring to  reduced self-esteem concerning competence, achievement and productivity at work. (Maslach and Jackson, 1981. The stream of reforms that has recently changed the Italian School, by favoring educational deregulation and increasing levels of autonomy for school boards, has increased Burnout levels among school teachers, who may feel thorn between their internal expectations (personal beliefs, motivations and professional style and the external pressures emerging not only from students, but also from a more and more demanding school organization, oriented towards efficiency. Various contributions have posited that in the Burnout prevention a pivotal role is played by the Interpersonal Trust at work both among teachers and between teachers and the School Manager (Ceyanes and Slater, 2005; Timms et al., 2006; Van Maele and Van Houtte, 2014, and by a good School Climate perception (Aron and Milicic, 2000; Dorman, 2003; Grayson and Alvarez, 2008. The present contribution aims at analyzing the relation between each of the three aspects of Burnout and, respectively, the diverse facets of Interpersonal Trust and the components of School Climate. Data have been collected by means of a survey encompassing three well-known instruments, namely the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI; Maslach and Jackson, 1981, the Interpersonal Trust at Work (ITW; Cook and Wall, 1980  and the Revised School Level Environment Questionnaire (SLEQ-Revised; Johnson et al., 2007. 120 teachers have been interviewed in six schools of Southern

  15. Shift work and burnout among health care workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisetborisut, A; Angkurawaranon, C; Jiraporncharoen, W; Uaphanthasath, R; Wiwatanadate, P

    2014-06-01

    Burnout, defined as a syndrome derived from prolonged exposure to stressors at work, is often seen in health care workers. Shift work is considered one of the occupational risks for burnout in health care workers. To identify and describe the association between shift work and burnout among health care workers. A cross-sectional study of health care workers in Chiang Mai University Hospital, Thailand. Data were collected via an online self-answered questionnaire and included details of shift work and burnout. Burnout was measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Two thousand seven hundred and seventy two health care workers participated, a 52% response rate. Burnout was found more frequently among shift workers than those who did not work shifts (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.4, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.0-1.9). Among shift workers, over 10 years of being a shift worker was associated with increasing burnout (aOR 1.7, 95% CI: 1.2-2.6) and having 6-8 sleeping hours per day was associated with having less burnout (aOR 0.7, 95% CI: 0.5-0.9). Nurses who had at least 8 days off per month had lower odds of burnout compared with those with fewer than 8 days off (aOR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.5-0.8). Shift work was associated with burnout in this sample. Increased years of work as a shift worker were associated with more frequent burnout. Adequate sleeping hours and days off were found to be possible protective factors. Policies on shift work should take into account the potential of such work for contributing towards increasing burnout. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. Associations on dimensions of burnout and family support for a sample of Greek nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tselebis, Athanasios; Bratis, Dionysios; Karkanias, Athanasios; Apostolopoulou, Eleni; Moussas, Georgios; Gournas, Georgios; Ilias, Ioannis

    2008-08-01

    To assess correlations for perceived family support with burnout in Greek nurses, the Julkunen Family Support Questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory were administered to nurses (22 men and 88 women; M age = 35.6 yr., SD = 5.7 yr.; M work experience = 12.2 yr., SD = 6.2 yr.). The correlation was positive but low for family support and sense of personal accomplishment by women; all the other correlations were low, accounting for very small variance.

  17. OCCUPATIONAL BURNOUT LEVELS OF ACADEMIC STAFF: TURKEY-MALTA STUDY GROUP SAMPLE

    OpenAIRE

    Demirtas, Cagri; Kapusuzoglu, Saduman

    2016-01-01

    The study group of this survey comprises of 185academic staff working in the University, Faculty of Education and Faculty ofEconomics and Administrative Sciences, in Turkey, and Malta University, Facultyof Education and Faculty of Economy, Management and Accounting. This study is adescriptive survey model, in which the assessment tool of Maslach BurnoutInventory is used. The burnout levels of academic personnel are investigated interm of gender, age and Faculty variables. As a result, it was ...

  18. Emotional Burnout, Perceived Sources of Job Stress, Professional Fulfillment, and Engagement among Medical Residents in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Dubai, Sami Abdo Radman; Ganasegeran, Kurubaran; Perianayagam, Wilson; Rampal, Krishna Gopal

    2013-01-01

    This study was the first to explore factors associated with emotional burnout (EB) among medical residents in Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a universal sample of 205 medical residents in a Malaysian general hospital. The self-administered questionnaire used consisted of questions on sociodemographics and work characteristics, sources of job stress, professional fulfillment, engagement, and EB. EB was measured using the emotional exhaustion subscale, the Maslach Burnout In...

  19. Core Self-Evaluation and Burnout among Nurses: The Mediating Role of Coping Styles

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Xiaofei; Guan, Lili; Chang, Hui; Zhang, Bo

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the potential association between core self-evaluation and the burnout syndrome among Chinese nurses, and the mediating role of coping styles in this relationship. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Shenyang, China, from May to July, 2013. A questionnaire which consisted of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), the Core Self-Evaluation Scale (CSE), and the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ), was completed by a...

  20. Influence of burnout and sleep difficulties on the quality of life among medical students

    OpenAIRE

    Pagnin, Daniel; de Queiroz, Val?ria

    2015-01-01

    This study assessed the influence of burnout dimensions and sleep difficulties on the quality of life among preclinical-phase medical school students. Data were collected from 193 students through their completion of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument, the Maslach Burnout Inventory?Student Survey, the Mini-Sleep Questionnaire, the Social Readjustment Rating Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory. This survey performed hierarchical multiple regressions to quantify the e...

  1. Burnout and engagement of student leaders in a higher education institution / Charlotte Sieberhagen

    OpenAIRE

    Sieberhagen, Charlotte

    2004-01-01

    Extensive research on burnout in different occupational fields has taken place internationally. However, no studies on students at higher education institutions in South Africa have been performed. The objective of this research was to standardise the Maslach Burnout Inventory- Student Survey (MBI-SS) and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale-Student Survey (UWESSS) for student leaders in a South African university. Further objectives included empirically determining the relationsh...

  2. Burnout syndrome in physical therapists – Demographic and organizational factors

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    Urszula Pustułka-Piwnik

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Professional burnout results from prolonged exposure to chronic, job-related stressors. According to Christina Maslach, professional burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Literature includes a number of reports on burnout syndrome within health service, but hardly ever do they make any references to physiotherapists. The purpose of this study is assessment of the level of professional burnout in a group of physiotherapists and investigating relationships between the indices of burnout syndrome and selected demographic as well as organizational variables. Material and Methods: The study group consisted of 151 physiotherapists with at least 3 years of experience, employed in various health service outposts in Krakow, Poland. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was used to measure emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment. A questionnaire for the description of socio-demographic and work characteristics was used as well. Results: Job burnout among the physiotherapists was manifested by an increased emotional exhaustion and decreased sense of personal achievement. Emotional exhaustion was significantly higher among physical therapists working with adults and employed in hospitals, depersonalization was higher among men, hospital workers and employees with seniority from 15 to 19 years, personal accomplishment was decreased among men and less-educated therapists. Conclusions: The study confirmed that indicators of burnout in physiotherapists are significantly associated with selected demographic and organizational variables. It is necessary to undertake a more exhaustive study of burnout in this group of employees, and implement elements of prevention. Med Pr 2014;65(4:453–462

  3. Burnout calculation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, D.

    1980-01-01

    Reviewed is the effect of heat flux of different system parameters on critical density in order to give an initial view on the value of several parameters. A thorough analysis of different equations is carried out to calculate burnout is steam-water flows in uniformly heated tubes, annular, and rectangular channels and rod bundles. Effect of heat flux density distribution and flux twisting on burnout and storage determination according to burnout are commended [ru

  4. Satisfacción laboral y síndrome de Burnout en enfermeras del Servicio de Emergencia y Cuidados Críticos del Hospital San Bartolomé: 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Broncano Vargas, Yrma Nilda

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: Establecer la relación entre la satisfacción laboral y la prevalencia de Síndrome de Burnout en enfermeras del Hospital San Bartolomé. Material y Métodos: Enfoque cuantitativo, descriptivo, prospectivo, transversal y correlacional. La muestra estuvo constituida por 45 enfermeras de los servicios de Emergencia y Cuidados críticos en el mes de agosto 2010. Se utilizó la ficha de datos sociolaborales, el cuestionario de satisfacción laboral S21/26 de J.L. Meliá y cuestionario para la e...

  5. Professional burnout among studying nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Bielan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is a response to stress, the source of which is the situation at work. This phenomenon concerns mainly representatives of professions whose essence is to work with people, including doctors, nurses, paramedics and others; their close committed interactions with others constitute the core of professional activity and determine the success and development. Participants of the study were 281 students of extramural complementary nursing course at the University of Warmia and Mazury, mostly aged 40-60 years, employed in hospital wards and with employment contracts. In the study, the authors’ demographic questionnaire of structuralized interview and the MBI questionnaire, developed by Maslach and Jackson, in the Polish version by Pasikowski (2004, were used. The obtained results were statistically analysed. The performed analysis of burnout has confirmed that emotional exhaustion is associated with the length of employment, the number of days off and the number of institutions where nurses were employed. We did not observe, however, any correlation with these variables between depersonalisation and a sense of the lack of achievements. Furthermore, no dependence of the severity of the professional burnout symptoms on the surveyed groups’ age was found. It turned out that the persons working in shifts system felt much stronger depletion of emotion than nurses working in a daily system. It was also observed that nurses employed in hospitals felt much stronger symptoms in both areas of occupational burnout than those working in other institutions. Furthermore, it was not confirmed that the absence of the sense of achievement depended on where the respondents were employed. Taking into account the reference levels of the three dimensions of burnout acc. to MBI it was found out that most respondents were characterized by a low value within the emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation and a high value in terms of a sense of the lack of

  6. ¿Cuál es el perfil epidemiológico de padecer burnout en profesores no universitarios de la Región de Murcia?

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    Isabel LATORRE REVIRIEGO

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El burnout es un estado de pérdida emocional y mental que se desarrolla en profesiones con interacciones humanas. Un grupo de alto riesgo es el de los profesores. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar las características epidemiológicas del síndrome entre los docentes. Para ello diseñamos un estudio transversal mediante la cumplimentación de un cuestionario en una población de 200 profesores de niveles no universitarios de Murcia. Como variables se han medido: datos epidemiológicos, el nivel de estrés y sus consecuencias y el burnout mediante el Maslach Burnout Inventory. Los resultados han demostrado una relación significativa entre el nivel de estrés/burnout y las consecuencias, la edad y la antigüedad laboral, y no en función del sexo. Además, encontramos un menor nivel de agotamiento y despersonalización, y una menor realización personal que la muestra de referencia, siendo la dimensión que mejor se ha relacionado con el quemado de los docentes la del cansancio emocional (p<0.0001 seguida de la realización personal (p<0.003 y finalmente la despersonalización (p<0.01. Nuestro perfil epidemiológico de mayor riesgo ha resultado ser el de una mujer de 43 años de edad, soltera, sin hijos y con una antigüedad menor a 19 años.

  7. Burnout and Stress Among US Surgery Residents: Psychological Distress and Resilience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebares, Carter C; Guvva, Ekaterina V; Ascher, Nancy L; O'Sullivan, Patricia S; Harris, Hobart W; Epel, Elissa S

    2018-01-01

    Burnout among physicians affects mental health, performance, and patient outcomes. Surgery residency is a high-risk time for burnout. We examined burnout and the psychological characteristics that can contribute to burnout vulnerability and resilience in a group of surgical trainees. An online survey was distributed in September 2016 to all ACGME-accredited general surgery programs. Burnout was assessed with an abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory. Stress, anxiety, depression, resilience, mindfulness, and alcohol use were assessed and analyzed for prevalence. Odds ratios (ORs) were used to determine the magnitude of presumed risk and resilience factors. Among 566 surgical residents who participated in the survey, prevalence of burnout was 69%, equally driven by emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Perceived stress and distress symptoms (depression, suicidal ideation, and anxiety) were notably high across training levels, but improved during lab years. Higher burnout was associated with high stress (OR 7.8; p burnout (OR 0.24; p stress (OR 0.15; p burnout, severe stress, and distress symptoms are experienced throughout general surgery training, with some improvement during lab years. In this cross-sectional study, trainees with burnout and high stress were at increased risk for depression and suicidal ideation. Higher dispositional mindfulness was associated with lower risk of burnout, severe stress, and distress symptoms, supporting the potential of mindfulness training to promote resilience during surgery residency. Copyright © 2017 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Occupational burnout in Birjand dentists

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    Khazaie T

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground and Aims: Occupational burnout is a psychological syndrome resulting from continuous tensions which causes absence, conflict, job changing, etc. In spite of much effort done in optimizing the work conditions and satisfying the employed persons, the dentists still suffer from this incident. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of occupational burnout in Birjand dentists and to provide an approach."nMaterials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study by the census method, 38 dentists were investigated using Maslach questionnaire. Average values were compared with chi-square and comparison among the groups was performed by Tukey test using SPSS software. P≤0.05 was considered as the level of significance."nResults: In this study, there were 68.4% men and 31.6% women with average age of 37.9 ±7.6 years and average work experience of 12.5±7.3 years, 15.8% single and 84.2% married. Frequency of exhaustion, intense depersonalization, and intense feeling of being unsuccessful was 21.1%, 81.6%, and 100%, respectively. There were no significant differences between occupation burnout dimensions and the other variable, such as gender, sports, marital status, and workday hours (P>0.05."nConclusion: Protection of this stratum, providing educational programs and creating job variations are necessary for optimizing the work environment. Future studies with more sample size are suggested to determine the effect of factors.

  9. Teacher Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    USA Today, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Teacher burnout is characterized by three factors: emotional exhaustion and fatigue; negative, cynical attitudes towards students; and the loss of feelings of accomplishment on the job. Important predictors of burnout include a lack of participation in decision-making, inappropriate job expectations, a lack of teacher autonomy, and role conflict.…

  10. para la prevención del síndrome de «Burnout» en el currículo de formación inicial de los maestros

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    Óscar Anadón Revuelta

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se pretende profundizar en el problema del estrés laboral docente a través de la revisión de los siguientes aspectos: la relación existente entre estrés negativo y «burnout»; el procesamiento cerebral de las emociones negativas; los síntomas y los factores generadores del estrés; los trastornos psicofisiológicos derivados del estrés negativo y, por último, el modo apropiado de afrontar este. Finalmente y a modo de conclusión, se defiende la necesidad de formar a los futuros docentes desde su formación inicial en competencias emocionales, con el objetivo no sólo de prevenir el «burnout», sino también de aumentar su bienestar subjetivo.

  11. Violence, Burnout and Minor Psychiatric Disorders in Hospital Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiane Dal Pai

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE Identifying the violence suffered by the health team workers and their association with Burnout and minor psychiatric disorders. METHODS Cross-sectional study with 269 health team professionals of a public hospital in southern Brazil. Data were collected through the use of the Survey Questionnaire: Workplace Violence in the Health Sector, Maslach Inventory Burnout and Self-Report Questionnaire. RESULTS Workplace violence struck 63.2% of workers, prevailing mostly in women (p = 0.001, among nursing auxiliaries/technicians (p=0.014 and was associated with minor psychiatric disorders (p<0.05, as exposure to different forms of violence increased the chances of these disorders by 60% (CI 95%: 1.2-2.1. The three Burnout dimensions were also associated to violence at work (p<0.05. CONCLUSION Health workers experience violence in the workplace and this exposure is associated with Burnout symptoms and minor psychiatric disorders.

  12. Violence, Burnout and Minor Psychiatric Disorders in Hospital Work

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    Daiane Dal Pai

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE Identifying the violence suffered by the health team workers and their association with Burnout and minor psychiatric disorders. METHODS Cross-sectional study with 269 health team professionals of a public hospital in southern Brazil. Data were collected through the use of the Survey Questionnaire: Workplace Violence in the Health Sector, Maslach Inventory Burnout and Self-Report Questionnaire. RESULTS Workplace violence struck 63.2% of workers, prevailing mostly in women (p = 0.001, among nursing auxiliaries/technicians (p=0.014 and was associated with minor psychiatric disorders (p<0.05, as exposure to different forms of violence increased the chances of these disorders by 60% (CI 95%: 1.2-2.1. The three Burnout dimensions were also associated to violence at work (p<0.05. CONCLUSION Health workers experience violence in the workplace and this exposure is associated with Burnout symptoms and minor psychiatric disorders.

  13. Professional Self-Esteem as a Predictor of Teacher Burnout across Iranian and Turkish EFL Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khezerlou, Ebrahim

    2017-01-01

    The study aimed at measuring the perceived Professional Self-esteem, Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Depersonalization (DP), and Personal Accomplishment (PA) of Iranian (n = 230) and Turkish (n = 156) EFL teachers and determining the prediction role of Professional Self-esteem in EE, DP, and PA processes. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey…

  14. Contribution of Gender, Marital Status, and Age to English Language Teachers' Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mousavy, Seyedehhava; Nimehchisalem, Vahid

    2014-01-01

    Teaching is a stressful job and can lead to teachers' burnout. Teachers feel burned out when they experience high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization but low levels of personal accomplishment (Maslach, 1999). A wealth of research is available on this subject but the findings are inconsistent. The present study surveyed the level…

  15. How can core self-evaluations influence job burnout? The key roles of organizational commitment and job satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Jiaxi; Li, Dongdong; Zhang, Zhenjiang; Tian, Yu; Miao, Danmin; Xiao, Wei; Zhang, Jiaxi

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to explore how core self-evaluations influenced job burnout and mainly focused on the confirmation of the mediator roles of organizational commitment and job satisfaction. A total of 583 female nurses accomplished the Core Self-Evaluation Scale, Organizational Commitment Scale, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. The results revealed that core self-evaluations, organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and job burnout were significantly correlated with each other. Structural equation modeling indicated that core self-evaluations can significantly influence job burnout and are completely mediated by organizational commitment and job satisfaction. © The Author(s) 2014.

  16. Burnout among Swedish school teachers - a cross-sectional analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvidsson, Inger; Håkansson, Carita; Karlson, Björn; Björk, Jonas; Persson, Roger

    2016-08-18

    Teachers are at high risk of stress-related disorders. This study aimed to examine the occurrence of burnout in a sample of Swedish school-teachers, to test a combined measure of three burnout dimensions on the individual level, to characterize associations between burnout and factors encountered during work and leisure time, and to explore any differences between the genders. A questionnaire of occupational, sociodemographic and life-style factors was answered by 490 teachers in school years 4-9. Outcome measures were (a) the single burnout dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism and professional efficacy (Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey), and (b) a combined measure based on high or low values in the three dimensions. The combined measure was used to stratify the study population into four levels (0-3) of burnout. Multivariable Poisson regression was applied on level 2 + 3 vs. level 0 + 1, for variables that we considered as relevant risk factors for burn out. Half of the teachers reported low values in all three dimensions (level 0), whereas 15 were classified as having high burnout in at least two out of the three dimensions (level 2 + 3), and 4 % in all three dimensions (level 3). Almost all psychosocial factors were incrementally more unfavourably reported through the rising levels of burnout, and so were dissatisfaction with the computer workstation, pain, sleep problems and lack of personal recovery. There was no association between gender and rising levels of overall burnout (p > 0.30). Low self-efficacy, poor leadership, high job demands and teaching in higher grades were the variables most clearly associated with burnout in multivariable Poisson regression. Even if circa 50 % of the teachers appear do well with respect to burnout, the results points to the need of implementing multifaceted countermeasures that may serve to reduce burnout.

  17. Internal and external factors in professional burnout of substance abuse counsellors in Croatia

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    Sanja Tatalović Vorkapić

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: In this study, burnout and its internal and external factors were investigated among substance abuse counsellors (no. = 68 who worked in centres for Prevention and Substance Abuse Treatment (no. = 18 in Croatia. METHODS: Maslach Burnout Inventory was used which measured three burnout dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment; and questionnaire of internal and external burnout factors. RESULTS: The higher levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and the higher level of personal accomplishment were determined. Factors such as work conditions, emotions about us and work, work organization and certain personality traits showed significant relationship with three burnout dimensions. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, findings implicated a certain specificity of professional burnout in substance abuse counsellors, and the need for specific design of mental health care for them.

  18. Study of the influence on emotional work contract nurses on Job Burnout

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    Song Changping

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Discuss the influences of contract nurse’ emotion work on job burnout and provide theoretical basis for reducing the job burnout of perception level which caused by emotion work of contract nurse. Methods: The data which comes from the questionnaire survey about the Chinese edition of Maslach job burnout scale for 298 contract nurse is used statistical analysis by SPSS11.5 software. Results: The current contract nurse is more inclined to “surface acting” on working and the nurses have a lower level “depersonalization” (P < 0.05, the difference is statistically significant and the more “deep acting” are used the lower level of job burnout. There is a various factors’ correlation between contract nurse’s emotion work and job burnout. : Conclusions: The “surface acting” could increase job burnout, “deep acting” and emotion expression requirements could increase personal job satisfaction.

  19. Burnout in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery: A Single Academic Center Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geelan-Hansen, Katie; Anne, Samantha; Benninger, Michael S

    2018-05-01

    Burnout in modern medicine is becoming more recognized and researched. The objective in this study is to evaluate burnout in a tertiary care academic institution and compare results among faculty, trainees, and advanced practice practitioners (APPs) in a cross-sectional survey using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Fifty-two surveys were distributed; 44 participants completed the survey (85%): 25 staff physicians (57%), 14 resident physicians (32%), and 5 nurse practitioners (11%). Staff physicians had low emotional exhaustion, moderate depersonalization, and low result for reduced personal accomplishments; trainees reported low emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization, and moderate reduced personal accomplishment; and nurse practitioners reported moderate on all 3 dimensions. There is overall low burnout in this tertiary care academic center of otolaryngologist providers and no difference in rates among the different groups (trainees, APPs, staff). Measures addressing specific deficiencies among dimensions of burnout would be helpful to prevent disintegration of physician satisfaction into burnout.

  20. Internal and external factors in professional burnout of substance abuse counsellors in Croatia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatalović Vorkapić, Sanja; Mustapić, Jelena

    2012-01-01

    In this study, burnout and its internal and external factors were investigated among substance abuse counsellors (no. = 68) who worked in Centres for Prevention and Substance Abuse Treatment (no. = 18) in Croatia. Maslach Burnout Inventory was used which measured three burnout dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment; and questionnaire of internal and external burnout factors. The higher levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and the higher level of personal accomplishment were determined. Factors such as work conditions, emotions about us and work, work organization and certain personality traits showed significant relationship with three burnout dimensions. Overall, findings implicated a certain specificity of professional burnout in substance abuse counsellors, and the need for specific design of mental health care for them.

  1. Job burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslach, C; Schaufeli, W B; Leiter, M P

    2001-01-01

    Burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job, and is defined by the three dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy. The past 25 years of research has established the complexity of the construct, and places the individual stress experience within a larger organizational context of people's relation to their work. Recently, the work on burnout has expanded internationally and has led to new conceptual models. The focus on engagement, the positive antithesis of burnout, promises to yield new perspectives on interventions to alleviate burnout. The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being.

  2. BURNOUT SYNDROME IN NURSING PROFESSIONALS OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL CARE SERVICE

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Márcia Astrês; UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PIAUI; Sousa, Fábbio Kleyton de; NOVAFAPI; Santos, Jairo Silva dos; NOVAFAPI; Rodrigues, Joiciane de Andrade; NOVAFAPI; Marziale, Maria Helena Palucci; USP

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: Identificar a presença da Síndrome de Burnout nos profissionais de enfermagem do Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência de Teresina - Piauí. Método: Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo e descritivo. Os sujeitos foram 17 Enfermeiros e 33 Auxiliares/Técnicos de Enfermagem. Utilizou-se o instrumento de Maslach Burnout Inventary (MBI) e um questionário sócio demográfico e profissional. Resultados: Os resultados apontaram que a maioria dos profissionais apresenta graus de baixo a modera...

  3. Estrategias de gestión de la inteligencia emocional para la prevención del Sindrome de Burnout en docentes de aula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Torres

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como finalidad proponer estrategias para la prevención del Síndrome de Burnout en docentes de aula, mediante la estimulación de la inteligencia emocional. El tipo de investigación es de naturaleza proyectiva, cuyo diseño es documental - contemporáneo. Como resultado se obtuvo una propuesta conformada por tres fases de ejecución secuencial, las cuáles contienen una serie de competencias, y de estrategias para su estimulación. En conclusión, un educador que tenga la capacidad de autoconciencia, que sepa gestionar positivamente sus emociones, y que pueda automotivarse, tendrá mayor calidad de vida y bienestar, y, por ende, su desempeño será más exitoso.

  4. [Burnout and quality of life in medical residents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto-Miranda, Sergio Emilio; Rodríguez-Gallardo, Gisela Bethsabé; Jiménez-Bernardino, Carlos Alberto; Guerrero-Quintero, Laura Guadalupe

    2013-01-01

    burnout and quality of life are poorly studied phenomena in postgraduate students, and its effects are unknown. The aim was to investigate the relationship between quality of life and burnout in medical residents. a longitudinal study was performed. We included medical residents who began their postgraduate studies in 2010. The Spanish version of the Quality of Life Profile for the Chronically Ill (PLC, according to its initials in German), and the Maslach Burnout Inventory specific to physicians were applied at the beginning, and six and 12 months later. Descriptive statistics were used for nominal variables. Chi-square and ANOVA were applied to numerical variables. we included 45 residents, the average age was 26.9 ± 2.93 years, 18 (40 %) were female and 27 (60 %) were male. The PLC survey found significant decrease in four of the six scales assessed in the three measurements. The Maslach Burnout Inventory found high levels of emotional exhaustion in the three tests, low levels of depersonalization and low personal gains at the beginning, rising at six and 12 months. The most affected specialty was Internal Medicine. burnout and impaired quality of life for residents exist in postgraduate physicians and it is maintained during the first year of residency.

  5. Burnout syndrome in nurses of prehospital rescue team

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    Rosemeire Pereira Bezerra

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To verify the presence and evaluate the levels of burnout syndrome in nurses of the prehospital rescue team. Methods: A cross-sectional study with a sample of 17 nurses from the prehospital rescue team, by application of the Maslach burnout Inventory and a questionnaire prepared by the authors. Rresults: In the group studied, 76% of the nurses of the prehospital rescue team were female. Ages varied from 30 to 49 years old. As to time already in the profession, 59% reported having worked from five to ten years in prehospital rescue. As to Maslach burnout Inventory subscale means, in the group analyzed of 17 prehospital rescue team nurses, low/moderate level (31.53 of reduced professional accomplishment, low/moderate level (18.41 of emotional exhaustion, and low/moderate level (8.88 of depersonalization were observed. As to dimensions of burnout levels, it was noted that 76.47% of the nurses displayed a low/moderate level of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced professional accomplishment. Cconclusions: It was demonstrated that this sample showed no evidence of burnout syndrome, since its presence is proven only when there are high scores of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced professional accomplishment.

  6. Exploring the origins of burnout among secondary educators

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    Christian L. van Tonder

    2009-11-01

    Research purpose: This study aimed to explore the probable reasons for burnout among secondary educators. Study motivation: Several South African studies have focused on the phenomenon of burnout among educators but the probable reasons for burnout in this population have not yet received adequate attention. This study extended earlier international research that probed this facet. Research design, approach and method: A mixed-methods design with a predominantly qualitative methodology was employed to explore the probable reasons for burnout among 59 educators from three urban secondary schools in Gauteng, South Africa. Data comprised Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey protocols and rich data work descriptions. Semi-structured interviews were also conducted with the f ve participants who tested highest on the burnout indicators. Main findings: The results indicated that a negative learner profile and workload were the most frequently cited reasons for potential burnout. Practical/managerial implications: Burnout requires considered attention and aggressive context-specific intervention to contain its negative impact on both the educator and the student learning experience.

  7. Work stress, poor recovery and burnout in teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gluschkoff, K; Elovainio, M; Kinnunen, U; Mullola, S; Hintsanen, M; Keltikangas-Järvinen, L; Hintsa, T

    2016-10-01

    Both work stress and poor recovery have been shown to contribute to the development of burnout. However, the role of recovery as a mediating mechanism that links work stress to burnout has not been sufficiently addressed in research. To examine recovery as a mediator in the relationship between work stress and burnout among teachers. A cross-sectional study of Finnish primary school teachers, in whom burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey and work stress was conceptualized using the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model. Recovery was measured with the Recovery Experience Questionnaire and the Jenkins Sleep Problems Scale. Multiple linear regression analyses and bootstrap mediation analyses adjusted for age, gender and total working hours were performed. Among the 76 study subjects, high ERI was associated with burnout and its dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism and reduced professional efficacy. Poor recovery experiences, in terms of low relaxation during leisure time, partially mediated the relationship between ERI and reduced professional efficacy. Sleep problems, in the form of non-restorative sleep, partially mediated the relationship between ERI and both burnout and exhaustion. Supporting a balance between effort and reward at work may enhance leisure time recovery and improve sleep quality, as well as help to reduce burnout rates. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. Burnout Syndrome in High School Teachers' in Bilecik, Bozuyuk

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    Ahmet Topuzoglu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: Burnout syndrome is manifested by physical exhaustion, long lasting tiredness and feelings of hopelessness. And also it consists of individual’s negative attitudes towards to life, occupation and the other persons. Burnout frequently seen in the occupations who work face to face with people like doctors, polices, nurses and managers. Generally teachers’ burnout level is higher than other occupations. Our aim is to determine the burnout levels and related factors of teachers working in high school of Bilecik Bozuyuk. METHODS: Totally 228 teachers participated to this cross sectional study (participating rate is %90.4. To find out the burnout level in these teachers Maslach Burnout Inventory was used. RESULTS: Of the total participants 52.1% were women, median age of participants were 33.0 years (Quartiles: 28.0–40.0 years There was no relation between the burnout level and the years in the occupation, weekly working time and the school that they educated. Occupational high school teachers, unwilingly occupation choosing, bad physical work environment, violence experience in the school significantly had higher points from burn out scale. CONCLUSION: Burnout level was higher in high school teachers, who didn’t want to be a teacher and who were working at bad physical environment and who had violence experience. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(3.000: 217-222

  9. Prevalence and correlates of burnout in health professionals in Ecuador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez, Marina R; Otero, Patricia; Blanco, Vanessa; Ontaneda, Mercy P; Díaz, Olga; Vázquez, Fernando L

    2018-04-01

    Although burnout is a widespread phenomenon among healthcare professionals, there are no studies about its prevalence in Ecuador. This study assesses the prevalence of burnout syndrome among Ecuadorian healthcare professionals and examine the relationship with their personal and organizational characteristics. A total of 2404 healthcare professionals (average age 40.0years; 68.4% women) from the capitals of all 24 provinces in Ecuador participated in this study. Trained psychologists assessed the presence of burnout by applying the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Sociodemographic variables, emotional distress, social support and coping styles as well as organizational variables were also collected. Of all healthcare professionals surveyed, 2.6% presented burnout syndrome. By dimensions, 17.2% of the participants presented a high level of emotional exhaustion, 13.5% of depersonalization, and 18.2% had reduced personal accomplishment. Being non-mestizo, being classified as a probable case of mental disorder and using more passive coping were associated with a greater probability of presenting burnout; having >10years of experience was associated with a lower probability of burnout. A significant number of active health professionals suffer from burnout. It is necessary to develop effective psychotherapeutic interventions for those who have the syndrome and to evaluate potential prevention strategies in those who have not yet developed it. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. AN EXAMPLE FOR BURNOUT: SPECIAL EDUCATION EDUCATOR?S BURNOUT LEVEL AND SOME VARIABLES

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    Gunseli GIRGIN

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Teaching profession is a strategic occupation in that it conributes to educating the adults of the future. However,depending on some stress sources related with the occupation teachers have a special risk for menthal health.Depending on literature, negative life events,loss of energy and formation of some physical discomfort is defined as?burnout sendrom?. With the belief that this group of teachers were closer to the risk of burnout because of the responsibilities they carry in relation with the needs of the special education children the aim of the study was to investigate the burnout syndrome of special education teachers in relation with their sex, age, socio-economic status, perceived support from collegues, beliefs on status of their occupation, and appreciation from their administors. The sample of this study consists of 48 special education teachers teaching at different special education institutes at Izmir. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Teacher Form and Personal Information Survey were used for gathering the data. The analysis of the data demonstrated that sex is positively related with special education teachers emotional burnout and insensitiveness level. Men have higher scores in these subdimensions. Participants from middle socio-economic status are seen to have the lowest scores in all dimensions. Participants that perceive support from collegues are seen to have significantly lower scores on emotional burnout and insensitiveness dimensions. Special education teachers who think that the status of their occupation is low in society are seen to have higher scores in emotional burnout. Beliefs about appreciation from their administors are seen to be related with burnout level of special education teachers. Participants that believed that they were not appreciated by their administrators have significantly higher scores on emotional burnout and insensitiveness subdimensions. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2005; 4(4.000: 172-187

  11. [Burnout syndrome in general practitioners of Avila].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frutos-Llanes, R; Jiménez-Blanco, S; Blanco-Montagut, L E

    2014-10-01

    To determine the level of burnout in general practitioners of Avila and the influence of social, occupational and health factors. A descriptive cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted and aimed at all Primary Care medical staff of Avila during the first half of 2011, using two questionnaires: the Maslach Burnout Inventory and other sociodemographic, health and occupational variables. A response rate of 51.8% was obtained. The mean age was 48.55±8.16, and 52% were male, 77% married, 45% with tenure, 78% worked in rural centres, and, 82% performed out of hours home visits plus clinics. The prevalence of severe burn out was low (16%) in our study was low. A high prevalence (68%) of moderate/severe level of the condition was found. Being married (P=.012), do not guards (P<.0001), working in rural areas (P=.008), and to be an area doctor (p=.03), predisposes to suffer burnout in severe or moderate/severe burnout. A moderate level of burnout was found. Contrary to what many doctors thought, the prevalence of the condition in its severe form was low, but was high when taking the severe and moderate/severe forms together. Therefore, measures should be extended to reduce occupational stress of doctors, in order to improve working practices and professional efficiency. Copyright © 2013 Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria (SEMERGEN). Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  12. Burnout among Low and High Experienced Teachers

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    Seyedehhava Mousavy

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is a serious psychological syndrome that can affect not only an individual’s well-being, but also the functioning of whole organisations, such as schools. It is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and decreased personal accomplishment.The level of burnout among teachers in the field of education has a negative impact on student success. The present investigation examines the level of burn out among high and low experienced teachers. It focused on a group of English teachers from different nationalities: Iranian, and Malaysian at UPM to examine if there is any relation between burnout and experience level. The sample consisted of 30 English teachers. Two instruments namely, The Maslach Burnout Inventory and Demographic Questionnaire were used to collect data. Data analysis revealed that there is no significant difference in depersonalization and personal accomplishment scores between low and high experienced teachers. But the result of this study also revealed that there is a significant difference in Emotional Exhaustion scores between low and high experienced teachers. Further research is required to explore the roots and the causes of burnout.

  13. [Occupational stress and job burnout in doctors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Wei; Wang, Zhi-Ming; Wang, Mian-Zhen; Lan, Ya-Jia; Wu, Si-Ying

    2006-03-01

    To investigate the status of job burnout in doctors and its relationship with occupational stress. A total of 561 doctors from three provincial hospitals were randomly selected. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) was used to identify job burnout. The occupation stress inventory revised edition (OSI-R) was used to evaluate the level of occupational stress. Surgeon and doctors working in the internal medicine wards scored significantly higher in job burnout than their colleagues (P < 0.05). The 30-40 years of age group scored highest in exhaustion. The score of professional efficacy decreased with age and increased with educational levels. Role overload, responsibility, physical environment, reaction and self-care were major predictors for exhaustion. Role insufficiency, role overload and responsibility were major predictors for cynicism. Role insufficiency, social support and rational/cognitive were major predictors for professional efficacy. Maintaining moderate professional duty and responsibility, clearly defining job requirements, enriching leisure activities, and improving self-care ability are important measures to preventing job burnout.

  14. The impact of psychological capital on job burnout of Chinese nurses: the mediator role of organizational commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Jiaxi; Jiang, Xihua; Zhang, Jiaxi; Xiao, Runxuan; Song, Yunyun; Feng, Xi; Zhang, Yan; Miao, Danmin

    2013-01-01

    Nursing has a high risk of job burnout, but only a few studies have explored its influencing factors from an organizational perspective. The present study explores the impact of psychological capital on job burnout by investigating the mediating effect of organizational commitment on this relationship. A total of 473 female nurses from four large general hospitals in Xi'an City of China were selected as participants. Data were collected via the Psychological Capital Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, and the Organizational Commitment Scale. Both psychological capital and organizational commitment were significantly correlated to job burnout. Structural equation modelling indicated that organizational commitment partially mediated the relationship between psychological capital and job burnout. The final model revealed a significant path from psychological capital to job burnout through organizational commitment. These findings extended prior reports and shed some light on the influence of psychological capital on job burnout.

  15. Prevalencia de síndrome de burnout en alumnos del séptimo año de medicina de una universidad privada de Lima, Perú.

    OpenAIRE

    Estela-Villa, Luis M.; Jiménez-Román, Carlos R.; Landeo-Gutiérrez, Jeremy S.; Tomateo-Torvisco, Jorge David; Vega-Dienstmaier, Johann Martín

    2013-01-01

    El síndrome de burnout (SBO) se ha descrito como una entidad patológica común entre los médicos y que podríaoriginarse durante su formación académica. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y los factores asociados al SBO enalumnos de medicina del séptimo año de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH). Material y Métodos: Serealizó un estudio transversal con los estudiantes de medicina del séptimo año de la UPCH (n=117) durante diciembre del 2010. Se empleó dos encuestas autoadministradas...

  16. A multicenter study on the validation of the Burnout Battery: a new visual analog scale to screen job burnout in oncology professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Yao-Tiao; Liu, Jie; Zhang, Jie; Huang, Bo-Yan; Yi, Ting-Wu; Wang, Yu-Qing; Zheng, Bo; Luo, Di; Du, Pei-Xin; Jiang, Yu

    2017-08-01

    The objective of the study is to develop a novel tool-the Burnout Battery-for briefly screening burnout among oncology professionals in China and assessing its validity. A multicenter study was conducted in doctors and nurses of the oncology departments in China from November 2014 to May 2015. The Burnout Battery was administered with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and the Doctors' Job Burnout Questionnaire. Of 538 oncology doctors and nurses who completed all the survey, using MBI-HSS as the standard tool for measuring burnout, 52% had emotional exhaustion, 39.4% had depersonalization, and 59.3% had a low sense of personal accomplishment. Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses showed that the best cut-off of the Burnout Battery was the battery with 3 bars, which yielded best sensitivity and specificity against all the 3 subscales of MBI-HSS. With this cut-off, nearly half of Chinese oncology professionals (46.8%) had burnout. The Burnout Battery correlated significantly with subscales of the MBI-HSS and the Doctors' Job Burnout Questionnaire. In multiple logistic regression analysis, those who worked more than 60 hours per week and who thought clinical work was the most stressful part of their job were more likely to experience burnout. Chinese oncology professionals exhibit high levels of burnout. The Burnout Battery appears to be a simple and useful tool for screening burnout. Working long hours and perceiving clinical work as the most stressful part of the job were the main factors associated with burnout. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  17. [Risk factors and burnout levels in Primary Care nurses: A systematic review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Urquiza, Jose L; Monsalve-Reyes, Carolina S; San Luis-Costas, Concepción; Fernández-Castillo, Rafael; Aguayo-Estremera, Raimundo; Cañadas-de la Fuente, Guillermo A

    2017-02-01

    To determine the risk factors and levels of burnout in Primary Care nurses. A systematic review was performed. CINAHL, CUIDEN, LILACS, PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect and Scopus databases were consulted. Search equations were 'burnout AND community health nursing' and 'burnout AND primary care nursing'. The search was performed in October 2015. The final sample was n=12 studies. Quantitative primary studies that used Maslach Burnout Inventory for burnout assessment in Primary Care nurses were included without restriction by publication date. The main variables were the mean and standard deviation of the three burnout dimensions, high, medium and low prevalence rates of each dimension, and socio-demographic, occupational and psychological variables that potentially influence burnout level. Studies show high prevalence rates, generally between 23% and 31%, of emotional exhaustion. The prevalence rates of high depersonalisation and low personal accomplishment show heterogeneity, varying between 8%-32% and 4%-92% of the sample, respectively. Studies show that older nurses with more seniority, anxiety and depression, among other variables, have higher burnout levels, while nurses with higher salary, high job satisfaction, organisational support, and good self-concept have less burnout. High emotional exhaustion is the main affected dimension of burnout in Primary Care nursing. There is heterogeneity in depersonalisation and personal accomplishment. Burnout must be prevented in these professionals, by increasing protective factors and monitoring its appearance in those with risk factors. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  18. Health Sector Reform, Emotional Exhaustion, and Nursing Burnout: A Retrospective Panel Study in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadati, Ahmad Kalateh; Rahnavard, Farnaz; Heydari, Seyed Taghi; Hemmati, Soroor; Ebrahimzadeh, Najmeh; Lankarani, Kamran Bagheri

    2017-10-01

    Nursing burnout is affected by various factors, including work overload. Since the inauguration of the Health Sector Evolution Plan (HSEP) in Iran in 2014, government hospitals have been required to provide health services to the public at all levels. This decision, however, has increased the volume of patients admitted to government hospitals. Because nurses are on the front line of health services, they are faced with a greater load of care provision. This study aimed to evaluate nursing burnout before and after HSEP in Iran, with an emphasis on the differences between government and private hospitals. This retrospective panel study used Maslach's burnout inventory to evaluate nursing burnout in 371 nurses working in government and private hospitals in Shiraz, Iran, before and 7 months after the health sector reform. Chi-square test and paired t test were used to compare burnout scores. The results showed that nursing burnout had changed significantly after HSEP was launched (p = .030). A more detailed assessment found that burnout and emotional exhaustion had both increased significantly in the government-hospital group (ps = .014 and .001, respectively). However, no significant change in burnout was found in the private-hospital group over the same period. The findings of this study indicate an increase in nursing burnout in government hospitals. An important issue in every health sector reform is nursing resource management, with a focus on burnout. Accordingly, policymakers should consider the work overload situation of nurses and work to prevent increased burnout, especially emotional exhaustion.

  19. The Burden of Care and Burnout in Individuals Caring for Patients with Alzheimer's Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yıldızhan, Eren; Ören, Nesibe; Erdoğan, Ayten; Bal, Fatih

    2018-04-21

    Alzheimer's disease imposes a severe burden upon patients and their caregivers. We examined the relationship between the sociodemographic factors, burden of care and burnout level of 120 of 203 professional caregiving staff dealing with Alzheimer's disease patients in eight geriatric care centers in Istanbul/Turkey. The Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale was used to measure the level of burden of care, and the Maslach burnout inventory to measure the level of burnout. High levels of emotional exhaustion were present in 25% of our sample, and depersonalization was found in 30% reduced personal accomplishment was present in 26% of the caregivers.

  20. The job satisfaction and burnout levels of primary care health workers in the province of Malatya in Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cagan, Ozlem; Gunay, Osman

    2015-01-01

    The objective was to determine the job satisfaction and burnout levels of primary care health workers in Malatya in Turkey. The sample of the study included 186 physicians, 126 midwives and 106 nurses working in primary health care. The Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale and the Maslach Burnout Scale were used in the study. The general, internal and external job satisfaction score medians of the study group were 3.35, 3.50 and 3.12 respectively, while the median of the Maslach Personal accomplishment score was 23.00, the Emotional Burnout score median was 15.00, and the Depersonalisation score median was found to be 3.00. The manner of their employment in the departments where they work, their perception of their economic circumstances and their satisfaction of the department where they work have an impact on the job satisfaction and burnout levels of workers.

  1. Development of burnout over time and the causal order of the three dimensions of burnout among male and female GPs. A three-wave panel study

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    Twellaar Mascha

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A good understanding of the aetiology and development of burnout facilitates its early recognition, prevention and treatment. Since the prevalence and onset of this health problem is thought to differ between men and women, sex must be taken into account. This study aims to assess the prevalence and development of burnout among General Practitioners (GPs. In this population the prevalence of burnout is high. Methods We performed a three-wave longitudinal study (2002, 2004, 2006 in a random sample of Dutch GPs. Data were collected by means of self-report questionnaires including the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Our final sample consisted of 212 GPs of which 128 were male. Data were analyzed by means of SPSS and LISREL. Results Results indicate that about 20% of the GPs is clinically burned out (but still working. For both sexes, burnout decreased after the first wave, but increased again after the second wave. The prevalence of depersonalization is higher among men. With regard to the process of burnout we found that for men burnout is triggered by depersonalization and by emotional exhaustion for women. Conclusions As regards the developmental process of burnout, we found evidence for the fact that the aetiological process of burnout, that is the causal order of the three burnout dimensions, differs between men and women. These sex differences should be taken into account in vocational training and policy development, especially since general practice is feminizing rapidly.

  2. Burnout in United States Academic Chairs of Radiation Oncology Programs

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    Kusano, Aaron S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington (United States); Thomas, Charles R., E-mail: thomasch@ohsu.edu [Department of Radiation Medicine, Knight Cancer Institute/Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon (United States); Bonner, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama (United States); DeWeese, Theodore L. [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Formenti, Silvia C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University, New York, New York (United States); Hahn, Stephen M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Lawrence, Theodore S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Mittal, Bharat B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ilinois (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine the self-reported prevalence of burnout in chairs of academic radiation oncology departments, to identify factors contributing to burnout, and to compare the prevalence of burnout with that seen in other academic chair groups. Methods and Materials: An anonymous online survey was administered to the membership of the Society of Chairs of Academic Radiation Oncology Programs (SCAROP). Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Results: Questionnaires were returned from 66 of 87 chairs (76% response rate). Seventy-nine percent of respondents reported satisfaction with their current positions. Common major stressors were budget deficits and human resource issues. One-quarter of chairs reported that it was at least moderately likely that they would step down in the next 1 to 2 years; these individuals demonstrated significantly higher emotional exhaustion. Twenty-five percent of respondents met the MBI-HSS criteria for low burnout, 75% for moderate burnout, and none for high burnout. Group MBI-HSS subscale scores demonstrated a pattern of moderate emotional exhaustion, low depersonalization, and moderate personal accomplishment, comparing favorably with other specialties. Conclusions: This is the first study of burnout in radiation oncology chairs with a high response rate and using a validated psychometric tool. Radiation oncology chairs share similar major stressors to other chair groups, but they demonstrate relatively high job satisfaction and lower burnout. Emotional exhaustion may contribute to the anticipated turnover in coming years. Further efforts addressing individual and institutional factors associated with burnout may improve the relationship with work of chairs and other department members.

  3. Burnout in United States Academic Chairs of Radiation Oncology Programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kusano, Aaron S.; Thomas, Charles R.; Bonner, James A.; DeWeese, Theodore L.; Formenti, Silvia C.; Hahn, Stephen M.; Lawrence, Theodore S.; Mittal, Bharat B.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine the self-reported prevalence of burnout in chairs of academic radiation oncology departments, to identify factors contributing to burnout, and to compare the prevalence of burnout with that seen in other academic chair groups. Methods and Materials: An anonymous online survey was administered to the membership of the Society of Chairs of Academic Radiation Oncology Programs (SCAROP). Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Results: Questionnaires were returned from 66 of 87 chairs (76% response rate). Seventy-nine percent of respondents reported satisfaction with their current positions. Common major stressors were budget deficits and human resource issues. One-quarter of chairs reported that it was at least moderately likely that they would step down in the next 1 to 2 years; these individuals demonstrated significantly higher emotional exhaustion. Twenty-five percent of respondents met the MBI-HSS criteria for low burnout, 75% for moderate burnout, and none for high burnout. Group MBI-HSS subscale scores demonstrated a pattern of moderate emotional exhaustion, low depersonalization, and moderate personal accomplishment, comparing favorably with other specialties. Conclusions: This is the first study of burnout in radiation oncology chairs with a high response rate and using a validated psychometric tool. Radiation oncology chairs share similar major stressors to other chair groups, but they demonstrate relatively high job satisfaction and lower burnout. Emotional exhaustion may contribute to the anticipated turnover in coming years. Further efforts addressing individual and institutional factors associated with burnout may improve the relationship with work of chairs and other department members

  4. Occupational stress and burnout among Hong Kong dentists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choy, H B; Wong, M Cm

    2017-10-01

    Professional burnout has been described as a gradual erosion of a person and may be one of the possible consequences of chronic occupational stress. Although occupational stress has been surveyed among dentists in Hong Kong, no study has been published about burnout in the profession. This study aimed to evaluate burnout among Hong Kong dentists and its association with occupational stress. We surveyed a random sample of 1086 registered dentists in Hong Kong, which formed 50% of the local profession. They were mailed an anonymous questionnaire about burnout and occupational stress in 2015. The questionnaire assessed occupational stress, coping strategies, effects of stress, level of burnout, and socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents. Occupational stress assessment concerned 33 stressors in five groups: patient-related, time-related, income-related, job-related, and staff-/technically related. Level of burnout was assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (22 items) with three scores: emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, and personal accomplishment. Completed questionnaires were received from 301 dentists (response rate, 28.3%), of whom 25.4% had a high level of emotional exhaustion, 17.2% had a high level of depersonalisation, and 39.0% had a low level of personal accomplishment. Only 7.0% of respondents, however, had a high level of overall burnout (high emotional exhaustion, high depersonalisation, and low personal accomplishment). A high level of overall burnout was significantly associated with a higher mean score for job-related stressors and lack of postgraduate qualifications (Poccupational stressors experienced by dentists in Hong Kong. In spite of this, a low proportion of dentists have a high level of overall burnout. There was a positive association between occupational stress and level of burnout.

  5. The impact of training in solution-focused brief therapy on professional beliefs, practices and burnout of child protection workers in Tenerife island

    OpenAIRE

    Medina Machín, Antonio; Beyebach, Mark

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the first results of a large-scale research project on the child protection services in Tenerife, Spain. In Study 1, the professional beliefs and practices of 152 child protection workers, as measured by a Professional Beliefs and Practices Questionnaire (Medina & Beyebach, 2010), were correlated with their scores on the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach, Jackson, & Leiter, 1996). Higher scores in a variety of deficit-based beliefs and practices were associated with highe...

  6. Demands, values, and burnout: relevance for physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiter, Michael P; Frank, Erica; Matheson, Timothy J

    2009-12-01

    T o explore the interaction between workload and values congruence (personal values with health care system values) in the context of burnout and physician engagement and to explore the relative importance of these factors by sex, given the distinct work patterns of male and female physicians. National mailed survey. Canada. A random sample of 8100 Canadian physicians (response rate 40%, N = 3213); 2536 responses (from physicians working more than 35 hours per week) were analyzed. Levels of burnout, values congruence, and workload, by sex, measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Scale and the Areas of Worklife Scale. Results showed a moderate level of burnout among Canadian physicians, with relatively positive scores on exhaustion, average scores on cynicism, and mildly negative scores on professional efficacy. A series of multiple regression analyses confirmed parallel main effect contributions from manageable workload and values congruence. Both workload and values congruence predicted exhaustion and cynicism for men and women (P = .001). Only values congruence provided a significant prediction of professional efficacy for both men and women (P = .001) These predictors interacted for women on all 3 aspects of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and diminished efficacy). Howevever, overall levels of the burnout indicators departed only modestly from normative levels. W orkload and values congruence make distinct contributions to physician burnout. Work overload contributes to predicting exhaustion and cynicism; professional values crises contribute to predicting exhaustion, cynicism, and low professional efficacy. The interaction of values and workload for women in particular has implications for the distinct work-life patterns of male and female physicians. Specifically, the congruence of individual values with values inherent in the health care system appeared to be of greater consequence for women than for men.

  7. [Burnout and teamwork in primary care teams].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilà Falgueras, Maite; Cruzate Muñoz, Carlota; Orfila Pernas, Francesc; Creixell Sureda, Joan; González López, María Pilar; Davins Miralles, Josep

    2015-01-01

    To estimate the prevalence of burnout and the perception of teamwork in Primary Care teams from Barcelona. Multicenter cross-sectional. Primary Health Care Teams from Barcelona. Institut Català de la Salut. All permanent employees or temporary professionals of all categories from 51 teams (N=2398). A total of 879 responses (36.7%) were obtained. The Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire, with 3 dimensions, was sent by emotional exhaustion (AE), depersonalization (DP), and personal accomplishment (RP). Burnout is considered present when two or more dimensions scored high marks. Perception of teamwork and evaluation of leaders was evaluated using an ad hoc questionnaire. The prevalence of burnout was17.2% (two or more dimensions affected), and 46.2% had at least one of the three dimensions with a high level. A high level of AE was found in 38.2%, of DP in 23.8%, and 7.7% had low RP. Almost half (49.2%) believe that teamwork is encouraged in their workplace. Social workers overall, have a higher average of dimensions affected at a high level, followed by administrative personnel, dentists, doctors and nurses (p<0.001). Permanent staff have a greater degree of emotional exhaustion (p<0.002). Those who rated their leaders worst and least rated teamwork had more emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and higher level of burnout in general (p<0.001). The level of burnout among professionals is considerable, with differences existing between occupational categories. Teamwork and appreciating their leaders protect from burnout. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  8. Inteligencia emocional percibida y desgaste laboral en médicos internos de pregrado Perceived emotional intelligence and burnout in undergraduate medicine interns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ortiz-Acosta

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar la relación entre los niveles de inteligencia emocional percibida y desgaste laboral en médicos internos de pregrado. Sujetos y métodos: Para ello se utilizó la Trait Meta-Mood Scale, que evalúa la inteligencia emocional percibida, y el inventario de burnout de Maslach, en 44 médicos internos de pregrado de tres hospitales de los Servicios de Salud de Sonora. Resultados: El factor de atención emocional se relaciona negativamente con agotamiento. Claridad correlaciona de manera positiva con reparación emocional y realización personal, y de forma negativa con agotamiento y despersonalización. Reparación de las emociones correlaciona de forma negativa con agotamiento y despersonalización, y de manera positiva con realización personal. Los análisis de regresión revelaron que el desgaste laboral del médico de pregrado se explicaba por una baja atención emocional y falta de claridad en sus emociones. Conclusión: Estos hallazgos evidencian que ciertos factores emocionales deben tenerse en cuenta para explicar el desgaste laboral en el médico interno de pregrado.Aim: To analyze the relationship between the levels of perceived emotional intelligence and burnout in undergraduate medicine interns. Subjects and methods: For this, we used the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, which evaluates perceived emotional intelligence, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, in 44 undergraduate interns from three hospitals of Sonora Health Services. Results: The factor of emotional attention is related negatively with exhaustion. Clarity correlates in a positive way with emotional repair and self-fulfillment; and negatively with exhaustion and depersonalization. Emotional repair correlates in a negative way with exhaustion and depersonalization, and positively to self-fulfillment. Regression analyses showed that burnout in undergraduate interns was explained by a low emotional attention and a lack of clarity in their emotions. Conclusion: Those

  9. Therapy of the burnout syndrome [Therapie des Burnout-Syndroms

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    Korczak, Dieter

    2012-06-01

    the therapy studies and the need for further research. Some authors report the effects of considerable natural recovering.Numerous limitations affect the quality of the results. Intervention contents and duration, study design and study size are very diverse and do not permit direct comparison. Most of the samples are small by size with low statistical power, long-term follow-ups are missing. Comorbidities and parallel utilized therapies are insufficient documented or controlled. Most of the studies use the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI as diagnostic or outcome-tool, but with different cut-off-points. It should be noticed that the validity of the MBI as diagnostic tool is not proved. Ethical, juridical and social determining factors are not covered or discussed in the studies.The efficacy of therapies for the treatment of the burnout syndrome is insufficient investigated. Only for cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT exists an adequate number of studies which prove its efficacy. Big long-term experimental studies are missing which compare the efficacy of the single therapies and evaluate their evidence. The natural recovering without any therapy needs further research. Additionally, it has to be examined to what extent therapies and their possible effects are thwarted by the conditions of the working place and the working conditions.[german] Die Prävalenz, Diagnostik und Therapie des Burnout-Syndroms wird in der (FachÖffentlichkeit zunehmend diskutiert. Wissenschaftlich wird die unklare Definition und Diagnostik des Burnout-Syndroms kritisiert. Zur Behandlung des Burnout werden verschiedene Therapien mit unklarer Evidenz angeboten.Der Health Technology Assessment (HTA-Bericht befasst sich mit der Frage, welche Therapien zur Behandlung des Burnout-Syndroms eingesetzt werden und wie wirksam diese sind. Die relevante Studienliteratur ist anhand von Schlagworten in 31 Datenbanken (u.a. EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO für den Zeitraum 2006 bis 2011 gesucht worden. Wichtige

  10. Síndrome de Burnout e os aspectos sócio-demográficos em profissionais de enfermagem Síndrome de Burnout y los aspectos sociodemográficos en profesionales de enfermería Burnout Syndrome and the socio-demographic aspects of nursing professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Maria de França

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Demonstrar a incidência da Síndrome de Burnout (SB de acordo com os aspectos sociodemográficos dos profissionais de enfermagem que atuam em dois hospitais regionais, no município de Cáceres-MT. MÉTODOS: Estudo de natureza quantitativa, descritivo, com delineamento transversal, realizado com 141 profissionais de enfermagem. Para a coleta de dados, foi utilizado um questionário estruturado com dados para o delineamento sociodemográfico, acrescido do instrumento Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. RESULTADOS: Com base na análise das entrevistas dos 141 profissionais, 13 (9,58% apresentaram Síndrome de Burnout,, conforme o MBI, e destes acometidos 7 (53,84% são enfermeiros e 6 (46,16% técnico/auxiliares. Quanto à incidência da SB em função dos aspectos sócios demográficos, o maior número de casos foi verificados no sexo feminino, nos profissionais com menos tempo de formação e nos solteiros. Resultados semelhantes foram encontrados na literatura, relevando as constatações. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo evidenciou que a presença da SB nos profissionais de enfermagem, revelando assim a necessidade de intervenções em relação às condições de trabalho dos enfermeiros.OBJETIVO: Demostrar la incidencia del Síndrome de Burnout (SB de acuerdo a los aspectos sociodemográficos de los profesionales de enfermería que actúan en dos hospitales regionales, en el municipio de Cáceres-MT. MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudo de naturaleza cuantitativa, descriptiva, de tipo transversal, realizado con 141 profesionales de enfermería. Para la recolección de los datos, fue utilizado un cuestionario estructurado con datos para el delineamiento sociodemográfico, además del instrumento Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. RESULTADOS: Con base en el análisis de las entrevistas de los 141 profesionales, 13 (9,58% presentaron Síndrome de Burnout, conforme el MBI, de los cuales 7 (53,84% son enfermeros y 6 (46,16% técnico/auxiliares. En cuanto a

  11. Relationship between organizational climate and burnout syndrome in the emergency service of a hospital Category III-2. Lima, Peru 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Zenaida Solís Chuquiyaur; Luisa Zamudio Eslava; Juan Matzumura Kasano; Hugo Gutiérrez Crespo

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To determine the relationship between organizational climate and Burnout Syndrome among nursing professionals of the Emergency Service in a Hospital Category III-2. Material and methods: quantitative, prospective, correlational cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 43 nurses, using a non-probability sampling for convenience. For analysis and study of the variables, Rensis Likert scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. Results: The organizational clima...

  12. A newer and broader definition of burnout: validation of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire (BCSQ-36)".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montero-Marín, Jesús; García-Campayo, Javier

    2010-06-02

    Burnout syndrome has been clinically characterised by a series of three subtypes: frenetic, underchallenged, and worn-out, with reference to coping strategies for stress and frustration at work with different degrees of dedication. The aims of the study are to present an operating definition of these subtypes in order to assess their reliability and convergent validity with respect to a standard burnout criterion and to examine differences with regard to sex and the temporary nature of work contracts. An exploratory factor analysis was performed by the main component method on a range of items devised by experts. The sample was composed of 409 employees of the University of Zaragoza, Spain. The reliability of the scales was assessed with Cronbach's alpha, convergent validity in relation to the Maslach Burnout Inventory with Pearson's r, and differences with Student's t-test and the Mann-Whitney U test. The factorial validity and reliability of the scales were good. The subtypes presented relations of differing degrees with the criterion dimensions, which were greater when dedication to work was lower. The frenetic profile presented fewer relations with the criterion dimensions while the worn-out profile presented relations of the greatest magnitude. Sex was not influential in establishing differences. However, the temporary nature of work contracts was found to have an effect: temporary employees exhibited higher scores in the frenetic profile (p < 0.001), while permanent employees did so in the underchallenged (p = 0.018) and worn-out (p < 0.001) profiles. The classical Maslach description of burnout does not include the frenetic profile; therefore, these patients are not recognised. The developed questionnaire may be a useful tool for the design and appraisal of specific preventive and treatment approaches based on the type of burnout experienced.

  13. A newer and broader definition of burnout: Validation of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire (BCSQ-36"

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    García-Campayo Javier

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout syndrome has been clinically characterised by a series of three subtypes: frenetic, underchallenged and worn-out, with reference to coping strategies for stress and frustration at work with different degrees of dedication. The aims of the study are to present an operating definition of these subtypes in order to assess their reliability and convergent validity with respect to a standard burnout criterion and to examine differences with regard to sex and the temporary nature of work contracts. Method An exploratory factor analysis was performed by the main component method on a range of items devised by experts. The sample was composed of 409 employees of the University of Zaragoza, Spain. The reliability of the scales was assessed with Cronbach's α, convergent validity in relation to the Maslach Burnout Inventory with Pearson's r, and differences with Student's t-test and the Mann-Whitney U test. Results The factorial validity and reliability of the scales were good. The subtypes presented relations of differing degrees with the criterion dimensions, which were greater when dedication to work was lower. The frenetic profile presented fewer relations with the criterion dimensions while the worn-out profile presented relations of the greatest magnitude. Sex was not influential in establishing differences. However, the temporary nature of work contracts was found to have an effect: temporary employees exhibited higher scores in the frenetic profile (p p = 0.018 and worn-out (p Conclusions The classical Maslach description of burnout does not include the frenetic profile; therefore, these patients are not recognised. The developed questionnaire may be a useful tool for the design and appraisal of specific preventive and treatment approaches based on the type of burnout experienced.

  14. Burnout en cuidadores principales de pacientes con Alzheimer,el síndrome del asistente desasistido

    OpenAIRE

    Garcés de los Fayos Ruiz, Enrique Javier; Peinado Portero, Ana Isabel

    1998-01-01

    En este trabajo se describen los efectos emocionales que sufren los familiares que asumen el papel de cuidadores principales de enfermos de Alzheimer, y en especial el síndrome denominado Burnout. Este trastorno se manifiesta mediante un complejo síndrome afectivo y motivacional, que acaece en quienes desempeñan tareas de ayuda a los demás, caracterizado por la presencia de síntomas de agotamiento emocional, despersonalización en el trato e inadecuación con la ...

  15. Relació del tecnoestrès i tecnoflow amb el burnout i l’engagement

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreres, Miriam

    2006-01-01

    Dotzenes Jornades de Foment de la Investigació de la FCHS (Any 2006-2007) Les Tecnologies de la Informació i la Comunicació (TIC) han anat incorporant-se de manera massiva al món laboral, fins al punt de poder influir en la salut psicosocial de l’individu. Ara bé, cal tenir en compte que les TIC per sí mateix són neutres (Frank Heller), dependrà de la forma en la qual s’incorporen que aquestes influiran positiva (Engagement) o negativament (Burnout) en l’individu. En aquest tre...

  16. Contribution of Gender, Marital Status, and Age to English Language Teachers’ Burnout

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    Seyedehhava Mousavy

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Teaching is a stressful job and can lead to teachers’ burnout. Teachers feel burned out when they experience high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization but low levels of personal accomplishment (Maslach, 1999. A wealth of research is available on this subject but the findings are inconsistent. The present study surveyed the level of burnout among a randomly selected group of English language teachers (n = 315 in Malaysia. It also investigated whether these teachers’ gender, age and marital status could significantly contribute to their burnout levels. Maslach’s Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1986 was used to collect the data. According to the results, the teachers suffered from significantly high levels of burnout in reference to their PA scores. In comparison with the male teachers, female teachers reported significantly higher levels of burnout considering their emotional exhaustion (p = .008, depersonalization (p = .002 and personal accomplishment (p = .000. Additionally, older teachers (aged ≤ 40 were significantly more burned out than their younger colleagues (aged ≥ 30, regarding their depersonalization (p = .001 and personal achievement (p = .000 mean scores. Finally, married teachers indicated significantly higher levels of burnout compared with those who were not married. The study is expected to have useful implications for teachers, administrators, and researchers.

  17. Community pharmacists' burnout levels and related factors: an example from Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calgan, Zeynep; Aslan, Dilek; Yegenoglu, Selen

    2011-02-01

    To determine community pharmacists' burnout levels and prevalences as well as factors associated with burnout. Study was conducted in Ankara, the capital of Turkey. In this cross-sectional study, 251 pharmacists were randomly selected from 1,504 community pharmacists registered in Ankara Chamber of Pharmacists. A questionnaire including questions related to pharmacists' individual and professional characteristics and Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered. The data was collected between February 27 and May 25, 2007. Three Maslach Burnout Inventory subscales (emotional exhaustion-EE, depersonalization-D, and personal accomplishment-PA) scores. Pharmacists' mean emotional exhaustion score was found to be 16.84 (SD: 6.25), depersonalization score was 4 (Range: 0-14), and personal accomplishment score was 22 (Range: 9-32). Of the pharmacists, 1.2% had high level of EE, .8% had high level of D, and 71.3% had high level of inefficacy. Age, marital status, work experience, work contentment, workload, time pressure, stress, and satisfaction with customers were found to be related with pharmacists' burnout levels. It can be useful to monitor pharmacists' burnout levels and prevalences periodically. Interventions on individual and organizational basis were needed to cope with burnout, respond to job demands, minimize the level of chronic stress, and increase work contentment and satisfaction.

  18. Correlation between workplace and occupational burnout syndrome in nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Omid; Azizkhani, Reza; Basravi, Monem

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the effect of nurses' workplace on burnout syndrome among nurses working in Isfahan's Alzahra Hospital as a reference and typical university affiliated hospital, in 2010. In this cross-sectional study, 100 nurses were randomly selected among those working in emergency, orthopedic, dialysis wards and intensive care unit (ICU). Required data on determination of occupational burnout rate among the nurses of these wards were collected using Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) standard and validated questionnaire. Nurses were selected using simple random sampling. The multivariate ANOVA analysis showed that occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in orthopedic and dialysis wards were significantly less than those of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU (P = 0.01). There was also no significant difference between occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU (P > 0.05). t-test showed that there was a difference between occupational burnout values of men and women, as these values for women were higher than those of men (P = 0.001). Results showed that occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU were significantly more than those of nurses working in orthopedic and dialysis wards.

  19. Correlation between workplace and occupational burnout syndrome in nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Ahmadi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was conducted to determine the effect of nurses′ workplace on burnout syndrome among nurses working in Isfahan′s Alzahra Hospital as a reference and typical university affiliated hospital, in 2010. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 nurses were randomly selected among those working in emergency, orthopedic, dialysis wards and intensive care unit (ICU. Required data on determination of occupational burnout rate among the nurses of these wards were collected using Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI standard and validated questionnaire. Nurses were selected using simple random sampling. Results: The multivariate ANOVA analysis showed that occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in orthopedic and dialysis wards were significantly less than those of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU (P0 = 0.01. There was also no significant difference between occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU ( P > 0.05. t-test showed that there was a difference between occupational burnout values of men and women, as these values for women were higher than those of men (P = 0.001. Conclusion: Results showed that occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU were significantly more than those of nurses working in orthopedic and dialysis wards.

  20. [Burnout and perceived health in Critical Care nursing professionals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ríos Risquez, M I; Peñalver Hernández, F; Godoy Fernández, C

    2008-01-01

    To assess the level of burnout syndrome in a sample of critical care nursing professionals and analyze its relation with the perception of general health and other sociodemographic and work characteristics. Cross-sectional descriptive study. SITE: Intensive Care Unit of the University Hospital Morales Meseguer, Murcia-Spain. Three evaluation tools were used. These included a sociodemographic and work survey, the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) questionnaires and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) in order to assess professional burnout and the general health condition perceived, respectively. Only 42 out of the 56 questionnaires included in the study were valid. This means an answering rate of 75%. The mean score obtained on the emotional tiredness dimension (25.45 6 11.15) stands out. About 42.9% of the sample presented psychological or psychosomatic symptoms that could require specialized care. Correlation between burnout and general health perception was statistically significant (r = 0.536; p burnout found was moderate to high among critical care nursing professionals. A total of 11.9% of the studied sample had a high score in the 3 dimensions of the burnout syndrome: emotional tiredness, depersonalization, and lack of personal job performance. Burnout and health levels found indicate high vulnerability in the sample studied and the need to establish prevention/intervention programs in this work context.

  1. Work environment, job satisfaction, stress and burnout among haemodialysis nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Bronwyn; Douglas, Clint; Bonner, Ann

    2015-07-01

    To examine the relationships among nurse and work characteristics, job satisfaction, stress, burnout and the work environment of haemodialysis nurses. Haemodialysis nursing is characterised by frequent and intense contact with patients in a complex and intense environment. A cross-sectional online survey of 417 haemodialysis nurses that included nurse and work characteristics, the Brisbane Practice Environment Measure, Index of Work Satisfaction, Nursing Stress Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Haemodialysis nurses reported an acceptable level of job satisfaction and perceived their work environment positively, although high levels of burnout were found. Nurses who were older and had worked in haemodialysis the longest had higher satisfaction levels, experienced less stress and lower levels of burnout than younger nurses. The in-centre type of haemodialysis unit had greater levels of stress and burnout than home training units. Greater satisfaction with the work environment was strongly correlated with job satisfaction, lower job stress and emotional exhaustion. Haemodialysis nurses experienced high levels of burnout even though their work environment was favourable and they had acceptable levels of job satisfaction. Targeted strategies are required to retain and avoid burnout in younger and less experienced nurses in this highly specialised field of nursing. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. The relationship between teacher burnout and student motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Bo; McCaughtry, Nate; Martin, Jeffrey; Garn, Alex; Kulik, Noel; Fahlman, Mariane

    2015-12-01

    Teacher burnout is regarded as a serious problem in school settings. To date, studies on teachers' stress and burnout have largely centred on teachers' own characteristics, socialization, and behaviours, but few have explored the connection between teachers' burnout and students' motivation via their own perceptions of teachers' behaviour and emotional well-being. This study adopted Maslach et al.'s (2001, Annu. Rev. Psychol., 52, 397) job burnout construct and self-determination theory to investigate the relationships between teachers' burnout and students' autonomous motivation over one-semester physical education classes. A total of 1,302 high school students and their 33 physical education teachers in 20 high schools from two school districts in a major Midwest metropolitan area in the United States. The two school districts were demographically similar. Students and physical education teachers completed questionnaires assessing relevant psychological constructs. There were two time points for collecting students' data. One was at the beginning of a fall semester, and the other was at the end of that semester. Hierarchical linear modelling analyses were conducted. It was revealed that teachers' emotional exhaustion was negatively related to students' perceived teacher autonomy support (TAS); in turn, there was a negative relationship between teachers' feeling of depersonalization and students' autonomous motivation development even when controlling for inadequate TAS. The dimensions of teachers' burnout might play different roles in the transmission from teachers to students. Teachers' status of burnout is an important environmental factor associated with students' quality of motivation. © 2015 The British Psychological Society.

  3. Hair cortisol as a biological marker for burnout symptomatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penz, Marlene; Stalder, Tobias; Miller, Robert; Ludwig, Vera M; Kanthak, Magdalena K; Kirschbaum, Clemens

    2018-01-01

    Burnout is a syndrome with negative impact on cognitive performance and mood as a consequence of long-term stress at work. It is further associated with increased risk for mental and physical diseases. One potential pathway to mediate chronic work-stress and adverse health conditions in burnout is through alterations in long-term glucocorticoid secretion. Here, we present cross-sectional data on hair cortisol/cortisone (hairF/hairE) concentrations and burnout from a population-based sample of the Dresden Burnout Study (DBS; N=314 hair samples). Burnout symptoms (emotional exhaustion, cynical attitudes toward work, and reduced efficacy) were assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS). To control for potential confounds, depressivity was as well assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) screening instrument for major depression. The present findings indicate specific hypercortisolism in participants who suffer from burnout. No significant associations were found between depressivity and hairF/hairE. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Faculty Wellness: Educator Burnout among Otolaryngology Graduate Medical Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavanagh, Katherine R; Spiro, Jeffrey

    2018-06-01

    Objectives Burnout is a well-described psychological construct with 3 aspects: exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment. The objective of this study was to assess whether faculty members of an otolaryngology residency program exhibit measurable signs and symptoms of burnout with respect to their roles as medical educators. Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Setting Otolaryngology-head and neck surgery residency program. Subjects and Methods Faculty members from an otolaryngology residency program, all of whom are involved in resident education, completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES). The surveys were completed anonymously and scored with the MBI-ES scoring key. Results Twenty-three faculty members completed the MBI-ES, and 16 (69.6%) showed symptoms of burnout, as evidenced by unfavorable scores on at least 1 of the 3 indices (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, or low personal accomplishment). The faculty consistently reported moderate to high personal accomplishment and low depersonalization. There were variable responses in the emotional exhaustion subset, which is typically the first manifestation of the development of burnout. Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first application of the MBI-ES to investigate burnout among otolaryngology faculty members as related to their role as medical educators. Discovering symptoms of burnout at an early stage affords a unique and valuable opportunity to intervene. Future investigation is underway into potential causes and solutions.

  5. Validity of the Parental Burnout Inventory Among Dutch Employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Bakel, Hedwig J A; Van Engen, Marloes L; Peters, Pascale

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to validate the Parental Burnout Inventory (PBI) in a Dutch sample of working parents. The Dutch version of the PBI and questionnaires about work were administered to 627 working parents, with at least one child living at home. We investigated whether the tri-dimensional structure of the PBI held in a sample of male and female employed parents. Furthermore, we examined the relationships between PBI and the constructs work-related burnout, depressive mood, parenting stress and work-family conflict, which we assessed with widely used and validated instruments, i.e., emotional exhaustion [a subscale of the Dutch version of Maslach's Burnout Inventory], a Dutch Parental Stress Questionnaire and Work-Family Conflict. The results support the validity of a tri-dimensional parental burnout syndrome, including exhaustion, distancing and inefficacy. Low to moderate correlations between parents' burnout symptoms and professional exhaustion, parenting stress, depressive complaints and work-family conflict experiences were found, suggesting that the concept of PBI differs significantly from the concepts of job burnout, depression and stress, respectively. The current study confirms that some parents are extremely exhausted by their parental role. However, the number of Dutch employees reporting extreme parental burnout is rather low.

  6. The prevalence of burnout syndrome in medical students

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    Gilson de Cavalcante Almeida

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout syndrome (BS is a set of psychological symptoms resulting from the interaction between chronic occupational stress and individual factors. These symptoms include emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and decreased professional satisfaction. BS is manifested in a variety of professions and is prevalent in contexts in which health professionals are required to interact directly with the public. Objective To determine the prevalence of BS among medical students at a university in Ceará State, Brazil. Methods Of the 517 students enrolled in their first to eighth semester in 2013, 376 (72.7% were contacted. A socio-economic evaluation questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory – Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS were administered. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 20.0. Two groups – burnout/risk and non-burnout – were compared using the chi-square and likelihood ratio tests with a significance level of 5%. Variables with p < 0.20 were included in a multivariate analysis logistical regression model. Results Burnout was detected in 14.9% of the students, and 57.7% showed a risk of developing the syndrome. Logistic regressions showed an association between burnout and “have failed examinations” and “have considered abandoning the course”, p = 0.047 and p < 0.0001, respectively. Discussion Psychopedagogy should be implemented to address the high prevalence of burnout in medical students.

  7. Nurses’ Burnout in Oncology Hospital Critical Care Unit

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    Yeliz İrem Tunçel

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Burnout is common in intensive care units (ICU because of high demands and difficult working conditions. The aim of this study was to analyse nurses’ burnout in our oncology ICU and to determine which factors are associated with. Material and Method: The study was carried out in Ankara Oncology Hospital ICU. A self- reporting questionnaire in an envelope was used for the evaluation of burnout (Turkish- language version of Maslach Burnout Inventory and depression (Beck Depression Scale. Results: From a total of 37 ICU nurses, 35 participated in the study (%94,5 response rate. High levels of emotional exhaustion in 82% and depersonalization in 51,4% of nurses was determined. Personal accomplishment was higher at 80%. Mild to moderate emotional state and mild anxiety was revealed. Years in profession,finding salary insufficient, finding the profession in its proper, choosing the profession of his own accord, work environment satisfaction and finding the social activity adequate were associated with burnout (p≤0.05. Conclusion: In our study, intensive care unit nurses’ burnout scores were found to be higher. Burnout was rare in nurses that choose the profession of his own accord, find the nursing profession in its proper, and social activity adequate and are satisfied with the work environment. Therefore, we believe that attention should be given to individual needs and preferences in the selection of ICU staff.

  8. Burnout, Engagement, and Organizational Culture: Differences between Physicians and Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mijakoski, Dragan; Karadzinska-Bislimovska, Jovanka; Basarovska, Vera; Montgomery, Anthony; Panagopoulou, Efharis; Stoleski, Sasho; Minov, Jordan

    2015-09-15

    Burnout results from a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal workplace stressors. The focus of research has been widened to job engagement. Purpose of the study was to examine associations between burnout, job engagement, work demands, and organisational culture (OC) and to demonstrate differences between physicians and nurses working in general hospital in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia. Maslach Burnout Inventory and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale were used for assessment of burnout and job engagement. Work demands and OC were measured with Hospital Experience Scale and Competing Values Framework, respectively. Higher scores of dedication, hierarchy OC, and organizational work demands were found in physicians. Nurses demonstrated higher scores of clan OC. Burnout negatively correlated with clan and market OC in physicians and nurses. Job engagement positively correlated with clan and market OC in nurses. Different work demands were related to different dimensions of burnout and/or job engagement. Our findings support job demands-resources (JD-R) model (Demerouti and Bakker). Data obtained can be used in implementation of specific organizational interventions in the hospital setting. Providing adequate JD-R interaction can lead to prevention of burnout in health professionals (HPs) and contribute positively to better job engagement in HPs and higher quality of patient care.

  9. Job Burnout Reduces Hand Hygiene Compliance Among Nursing Staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manomenidis, Georgios; Panagopoulou, Efharis; Montgomery, Anthony

    2017-10-13

    Health professional burnout has been associated with suboptimal care and reduced patient safety. However, the extent to which burnout influences hand hygiene compliance among health professionals has yet to be explored. The aim of the study was to examine whether job burnout reduces hand washing compliance among nursing staff. A diary study was conducted. Forty registered nurses working in a general city hospital in Thessaloniki, Greece, completed a questionnaire, while they were monitored for hand hygiene compliance following the World Health Organization protocol for hand hygiene assessment. Burnout was measured using validated items from the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Data were collected from September to October 2015. Multiple regression analysis showed that controlling for years in practice, burnout was negatively associated with hand hygiene compliance (R = 0.322, F(3,36) = 5.704, P compliance to hand hygiene among nurses. Given the crucial role of hand hygiene compliance for the prevention of in-hospital infections, this study highlights the need for interventions targeting the prevention of burnout among nursing staff.

  10. Burnout en estudiantes universitarios

    OpenAIRE

    Caballero, Carmen Cecilia; Breso, Édgar; González Gutiérrez, Orlando

    2015-01-01

    Con la finalidad de proporcionar una mayor comprensión y caracterización de la naturaleza del burnout académico en estudiantes universitarios, se realiza una revisión del concepto, su evolución y extrapolación del contexto laboral al académico universitario, y se propone su delimitación y relación con condiciones clínicas comórbidas como depresión y ansiedad. Adicionalmente, se revisa la investigación empírica que establece relaciones del síndrome con el engagement académico, factores de ries...

  11. Burnout en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Con la finalidad de proporcionar una mayor comprensión y caracterización de la naturaleza del burnout académico en estudiantes universitarios, se realiza una revisión del concepto, su evolución y extrapolación del contexto laboral al académico universitario, y se propone su delimitación y relación con condiciones clínicas comórbidas como depresión y ansiedad. Adicionalmente, se revisa la investigación empírica que establece relaciones del síndrome con el engagement académico, factores de riesgo y de protección, y sus consecuencias en la salud mental y en el desempeño académico de los estudiantes universitarios.

  12. Síndrome de Burnout en el personal de Salud y su relación con la atención al usuario de Centro Quirúrgico del Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño - Lima 2015

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    Castillo Mendieta, Lia Nilza

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre el síndrome de Burnout en el personal de Enfermería y la calidad de atención al usuario. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio correlacional con 23 profesionales de Enfermería del Centro Quirúrgico del Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño Lima, durante el periodo 2015. Se empleó dos cuestionarios de recolección de datos, una para valoración del síndrome de Burnout y otro para la calidad de atención a usuarios. En el análisis infere...

  13. Burnout and Engagement among Information and Communication Technology Users: a test of the Job demands-resources model / Burnout y Engagement en Usuarios de Tecnología de la Información y Comunicación: Validación del Modelo de Demandas-Recursos

    OpenAIRE

    Llorens Gumbau, Susana

    2004-01-01

    El objetivo de esta tesis es poner a prueba una ampliación del modelo de Demandas-Recursos en usuarios de Tecnología de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC), integrando tanto las aproximaciones negativas (burnout) como positivas (engagement) del bienestar psicológico de los empleados y una consecuencia organizacional: el compromiso. Para conseguir este objetivo se han seguido una serie de pasos. En primer lugar, y para realizar una validación transcultural, este modelo se ha puesto a prueba...

  14. Calidad de Vida Profesional y Burnout en Técnicos de Drogodependencias: Análisis Comparativo con otros Grupos Profesionales Professional Life Quality and Burnout Among Substance Abuse Technicians: A Comparative Analysis with other Professional Groups

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    Ignacio García Barquero

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Es comúnmente aceptado que el grado de satisfacción o bienestar de los trabajadores en su entorno profesional se relaciona de forma directa con la productividad y calidad del servicio prestado. En el caso de los técnicos de drogodependencias los estudios realizados sobre calidad de vida profesional son particularmente escasos, siendo ésta una población sometida a importantes estresores laborales relacionados con la carga emocional de la tarea, tipo de pacientes, necesidad de trabajo en equipo, etc. Objetivo: El objetivo principal es analizar la relación existente entre la calidad de vida profesional y el desgaste profesional en técnicos de drogodependencias, comparando este grupo profesional con otros profesionales sanitarios que realizan su labor en otros campos y con profesionales no sanitarios. Material y método: Se ha realizado un estudio transversal y descriptivo en una muestra total de 233 sujetos. El 33% (n =77 desarrollan su actividad laboral en el ámbito de las drogodependencias, 79 sujetos (33.3% ejercen su profesión en el área sanitaria, y las 77 personas restantes (33% pertenecen al grupo de población general trabajadora. Todos ellos contestaron de forma anónima el Cuestionario de Calidad de Vida Profesional (CVP 35 y el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. Resultados y conclusiones: Los profesionales de drogodependencias presentan menores puntuaciones de de calidad de vida profesional y mayores de desgaste profesional que otros grupos profesionales, siendo ésta diferencia significativa respecto al grupo de trabajadores no sanitarios. Aspectos de la calidad de vida profesional tales como la carga de trabajo, la motivación intrínseca y el apoyo directivo tienen efectos directo sobre algunos de los componentes del desgaste profesional, confirmando la importancia de la misma en la prevención de un riesgo psicosocial del trabajo como es el desgaste profesional.Introduction: It is widely known that employees

  15. Burnout: evaluation of the efficacy and tolerability of TARGET 1® for professional fatigue syndrome (burnout).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacquet, Alain; Grolleau, Adeline; Jove, Jérémy; Lassalle, Régis; Moore, Nicholas

    2015-02-01

    To study the effect of a dietary supplement (TARGET 1®: a combination of casozepine, taurine, Eleutherococcus senticosus and extramel) on burnout symptomatology. A 12-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in workers engaged in professional contact with patients, students or clients. All were affected by burnout syndrome based on a score of ≥4 on the Burnout Measure Scale (BMS-10). The primary outcome measure was the change in the BMS-10 score; secondary outcome measures included the change in the Maslach's Burnout Inventory scale-Human Service Survey (MBI-HSS) score and the Beck Depression Inventory. Five scores were evaluated. Eighty-seven participants were enrolled in the study: 44 received the active formulation (verum group); 43 received placebo. After 12 weeks' supplementation, the placebo group showed significant improvements in scores for BMS-10, MBI-HSS fatigue and the Beck Depression Inventory, but MBI-HSS depersonalization and task management were not improved; the verum group showed significant improvements in all five scores. The verum group consistently showed significantly greater improvements in scores than the placebo group. TARGET 1® significantly improved the symptoms of burnout after 12 weeks' use. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  16. Síndrome de Burnout entre os trabalhadores da Estratégia de Saúde da Família Síndrome de Burnout entre los trabajadores de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia Syndrome of Burnout among the workers of the Strategy of Health of the Family

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia de Lima Trindade

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, desenvolvido junto a dezesseis equipes de Estratégia de Saúde da Família de Santa Maria (RS, que objetivou identificar os trabalhadores com a Síndrome de Burnout e as variáveis associadas a este distúrbio. A amostra foi composta por 86 trabalhadores, representando 86,3% dos profissionais (médico, enfermeiro, técnico de enfermagem, odontólogo e auxiliar de consultório dentário e 30,2% dos agentes comunitários de saúde, os quais responderam ao Maslach Inventory Burnout. A idade média do grupo foi de 36,94±9,3 anos, com predominância do sexo feminino (84,9%. A maioria possui companheiro (68,2%, tem filhos (69,4%, trabalha, em média, 3,38±1,9 anos na equipe e não realiza atividades físicas (62,8%. Identificaram-se seis trabalhadores (6,9% com a Síndrome de Burnout, a qual teve associação estatística significativa (p= 0,034 com a variável idade jovem. Os mais jovens obtiveram escores superiores nas subescalas de desgaste emocional e despersonalização do Inventário de Burnout.Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, desarrollado junto a dieciséis equipos de Estrategia de la Salud de la Familia de Santa María (RS, Brasil que tuvo como objetivo identificar a los trabajadores con el Síndrome de Burnout y las variables asociadas a este disturbio. La muestra se compuso de 86 trabajadores, que representaban el 86,3% de los profesionales (médicos, enfermeros, técnicos en enfermería, odontólogos y auxiliares de consultorio odontológico y 30,2% de los agentes comunitarios de salud, los cuales respondieron al Maslach Inventory Burnout. La edad promedio del grupo fue de 36,94±9,3 años, con predominancia de sexo femenino (84,9%. La mayoría vive en pareja (68,2%, tiene hijos (69,4%, ha trabajado en el equipo durante un promedio de 3,38±1,9 años y no realiza actividades físicas (62,8%. Se identificaron seis trabajadores (6,9% con Síndrome de Burnout, los cuales tuvieron una asociación estad

  17. The Prevalence and Severity of Burnout among Physiotherapists in an Arabian Setting and the Influence of Organizational Factors: An Observational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Imam, Dalia Muhammed; Al-Sobayel, Hana Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    Burnout has been shown to be present in different health professions, but the prevalence among physiotherapists working in an Arabian setting has not been established. [Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the burnout levels of physiotherapists working in Saudi Arabia and the association of burnout with work and organization-related factors. [Subjects and Methods] A cross-sectional study was conducted at government hospitals in Saudi Arabia. One hundred and nineteen Saudi physiotherapists were included. They electronically completed a questionnaire that included the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Areas of Worklife Survey. [Results] Participants showed a moderate degree of burnout as reflected by mean scores of the three subscales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The majority of participants demonstrated moderate to high burnout levels across the three subscales. A significant association was found between the exhaustion subscale and the subspecialty in which participants worked. A strong association was found between workload and exhaustion subscale scores. [Conclusion] This study was the first to explore burnout and related factors among physiotherapists in an Arabian setting. A moderate degree of burnout and associations of burnout with work and organizational factors were found. The findings may help human resource planning and managing the physiotherapy services. PMID:25202179

  18. Relationship between burnout and PTSD symptoms in firefighters: the moderating effects of a sense of calling to firefighting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Insung; Lee, Songhee; Sung, Gyhye; Kim, Minkyoung; Lee, Sanghyuk; Park, Jooeon; Lee, Kangsoo

    2018-01-01

    Firefighting has been reported to lead to burnout and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, burnout and PTSD symptoms may vary depending on personal characteristics, such as having a sense of calling. This study examined the role of calling in the association between burnout and PTSD symptoms. We hypothesized that burnout would be associated with more severe PTSD symptoms and calling would buffer the relationship between burnout and PTSD symptoms. The Korean version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, Sense of Calling Subscale of the Professionalism Scale, and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised-Korean version were used to measure burnout, calling, and PTSD symptoms. Data from 109 of 127 firefighters from Gyeonggi-do, South Korea were analyzed using hierarchical linear regression. Burnout was a significant predictor of PTSD symptoms. Furthermore, the interaction term between burnout and calling accounted for a significant variance in PTSD symptoms. Higher burnout was associated with severe PTSD symptoms, but this relationship differed by the level of calling. The increase in PTSD symptoms due to increased burnout in the high calling group was relatively higher than in the low and average calling groups. Calling, though perceived as a positive variable, can be hazardous to exhausted people. A sense of calling as part of one's job identity should not be encouraged until personal circumstances and characteristics, such burnout symptoms, are evaluated. Identifying context and variables associated with PTSD for interventions with firefighters and persons in other dangerous occupations should aid in their recovery from trauma exposure.

  19. [Influence of sociodemographic, occupational and life style factors on the levels of burnout in palliative care health professionals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández Sánchez, J C; Pérez Mármol, J M; Peralta Ramírez, M I

    2017-12-29

    Palliative care health professionals have reported high levels of burnout. An understanding of factors associated with this syndrome in this population could foster new prevention and intervention strategies. The objectives were to evaluate the levels of burnout in each of its dimensions in a sample of palliative care health professionals and to analyze the relationship between levels of burnout and sociodemographic, occupational and lifestyle characteristics in this sample. The total sample was composed of 92 palliative care health professionals. Sociodemographic, occupational and lifestyle characteristics were registered. The levels of burnout syndrome were evaluated by the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). The total sample was divided into three groups, depending on the level of burnout (non-burnout group, burnout group meeting one criterion, and burnout group meeting two or three criteria). Comparisons were performed amongst groups for all characteristics evaluated. The non-burnout professionals were significantly older and slept more than the professionals with more than one altered dimension; in addition, they had greater job seniority in the unit than those with a single altered dimension and did physical exercise more frequently than either of the burnout groups. The younger professionals, with more job seniority in the units of palliative care, and less hours of sleep and physical activity showed higher levels of burnout. Therefore, these factors should be considered for enhancing prevention and intervention strategies for these health professionals.

  20. Exploring the Association Between Electronic Health Record Use and Burnout Among Psychiatry Residents and Faculty: a Pilot Survey Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domaney, Nicholas M; Torous, John; Greenberg, William E

    2018-05-21

    Burnout is a phenomenon with profound negative effects on the US healthcare system. Little is known about the relationship between time spent working on electronic health record (EHR) and burnout among psychiatry residents. The purpose of this study is to generate preliminary data on EHR use and burnout among psychiatry residents and faculty. In August 2017, psychiatry residents and faculty at an academic medical center were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a standardized measurement tool for burnout, and a survey of factors related to EHR use and potential risk factors for burnout. MBI data along with selected burnout risk and protective factors were analyzed with R Studio software. Responses were obtained from 40 psychiatry residents (73%) and 12 clinical faculty members (40%). Residents reported 22 h per week using EHR on average. Mean score of residents surveyed in postgraduate year (PGY)-1-4 met criteria for high emotional exhaustion associated with burnout. The magnitude of correlation between EHR use and emotional exhaustion was stronger than for other burnout factors including sleep, exercise, and clinical service. Psychiatry residents show signs of high emotional exhaustion, which is associated with burnout. Results demonstrate a strong positive correlation between EHR use and resident burnout. Time spent on EHR use may be an area of importance for psychiatry program directors and other psychiatric educators to consider when seeking to minimize burnout and promote wellness.

  1. Burnout syndrome in teachers of a professional institution in Mexico

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    Alma Lilia Sapién Aguilar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Burnout syndrome, or burning for work syndrome, is a long-term effect of chronic stress and occurs in jobs that have direct contact with people. The aim was to determine the existence of Burnout in professors of the Faculty of Accounting and Administration (FCA of the Autonomous University of Chihuahua (UACH and its relation with emotional factors such as depression, anxiety and insomnia, job satisfaction, and socio-demographic and labor indicators. The research design had a quantitative approach in a descriptive and applied form with a bibliographic support, and a tool according to Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was used, and also the General Health Questionnaire of Goldberg. The most significant results underline that as well as in Maslach and Jackson studies, the emotional exhaustion affects women more than men. However, the findings in this study provide evidence of certain emotional factors related to the occurrence of emotional maladjustment and Burnout, which should be considered in future research on labor stress in professors.

  2. Tesis doctoral: Buenas prácticas de gestión, satisfacción laboral, Burnout e intención de abandono en profesionales del sector del fitness

    OpenAIRE

    Barranco Gil, David

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: El sector del fitness en España se está convirtiendo en una de las alternativas de práctica de actividad física más comunes. Por este motivo, parece de especial interés el conocer el estado de los recursos humanos que desempeñan su labor profesional en este sector. La finalidad principal de esta investigación fue la de determinar la interacción entre la presencia de buenas prácticas de gestión relacionadas con los recursos humanos, el síndrome de Burnout, los niveles de satisfac...

  3. Therapy of the burnout syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korczak, Dieter; Wastian, Monika; Schneider, Michael

    2012-01-01

    studies and the need for further research. Some authors report the effects of considerable natural recovering. Numerous limitations affect the quality of the results. Intervention contents and duration, study design and study size are very diverse and do not permit direct comparison. Most of the samples are small by size with low statistical power, long-term follow-ups are missing. Comorbidities and parallel utilized therapies are insufficient documented or controlled. Most of the studies use the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) as diagnostic or outcome-tool, but with different cut-off-points. It should be noticed that the validity of the MBI as diagnostic tool is not proved. Ethical, juridical and social determining factors are not covered or discussed in the studies. The efficacy of therapies for the treatment of the burnout syndrome is insufficient investigated. Only for cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) exists an adequate number of studies which prove its efficacy. Big long-term experimental studies are missing which compare the efficacy of the single therapies and evaluate their evidence. The natural recovering without any therapy needs further research. Additionally, it has to be examined to what extent therapies and their possible effects are thwarted by the conditions of the working place and the working conditions.

  4. Effect of emergency physician burnout on patient waiting times.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Stefano, Carla; Philippon, Anne-Laure; Krastinova, Evguenia; Hausfater, Pierre; Riou, Bruno; Adnet, Frederic; Freund, Yonathan

    2018-04-01

    Burnout is common in emergency physicians. This syndrome may negatively affect patient care and alter work productivity. We seek to assess whether burnout of emergency physicians impacts waiting times in the emergency department. Prospective study in an academic ED. All patients who visited the main ED for a 4-month period in 2016 were included. Target waiting times are assigned by triage nurse to patients on arrival depending on their severity. The primary endpoint was an exceeded target waiting time for ED patients. All emergency physicians were surveyed by a psychologist to assess their level of burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. We defined the level of burnout of the day in the ED as the mean burnout level of the physicians working that day (8:30 to the 8:30 the next day). A logistic regression model was performed to assess whether burnout level of the day was independently associated with prolonged waiting times, along with previously reported predictors. Target waiting time was exceeded in 7524 patients (59%). Twenty-six emergency physicians were surveyed. Median burnout score was 35 [Interquartile (24-49)]. A burnout level of the day higher than 35 was independently associated with an exceeded target waiting time (adjusted odds ratio 1.54, 95% confidence interval 1.39-1.70), together with previously reported predictors (i.e., day of the week, time of the day, trauma, age and daily census). Burnout of emergency physicians was independently associated with a prolonged waiting time for patients visiting the ED.

  5. Risk factors for burnout among caregivers working in nursing homes.

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    Kandelman, Nadia; Mazars, Thierry; Levy, Antonin

    2018-01-01

    (i) To assess the level of burnout in nursing home caregivers within a unique healthcare network in France and (ii) to evaluate potential risk factors in this population. Burnout syndrome occurs frequently among nursing home caregivers and has strong detrimental effects on the quality of health care for residents. We used an observational survey to study burnout in nursing home caregivers. The survey was used to quantify burnout level (Maslach Burnout Inventory) and potential risk factors and was implemented from October 2013-April 2014. A logistic regression was used to explore the association between burnout and its risk factors. Three hundred and sixty questionnaires were delivered to caregivers in 14 nursing homes within a unique healthcare network. The response rate was 37% (132/360), and 124/132 (94%) surveys were analysed. Caregiver burnout rate was 40% (49/124). Median age was 41 years (range, 20-70) and most caregivers were female. The most common profession (n = 54; 44%) was nurse caregiver and 90% (n = 112) had an antecedent of bullying by a resident. Risk factors identified were as follows: the presence of institutional protocols (death announcement [OR: 3.7] and pain assessment [OR: 2.8]), working in a profit-making establishment (OR: 2.6) and the antecedent of bullying by a resident (OR: 6.2). Factors most negatively associated with burnout included: practising pastimes (OR: 0.4) and working as a nurse (OR: 0.3). The only significant risk factor in the multivariate analysis was the antecedent of bullying by a resident (OR: 5.3). Several specific risk factors for burnout in nursing home caregivers were identified. In high-risk populations of healthcare professionals, screening and management of risk factors is crucial for preventing burnout. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. [Burnout in Tunisian medical residents: About 149 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Zid, A; Homri, W; Ben Romdhane, I; Bram, N; Labbane, R

    2017-09-01

    Burnout is a professional psychological chronic stress-induced syndrome defined by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. This syndrome concerns all professions but especially healthcare staff. Numerous studies have attempted to document the impact of work activities on the doctor's mental health. According to the literature, junior doctors are more vulnerable to develop this syndrome. Are to determine the prevalence of severe burnout among residents of different specialties: anesthesiology, general surgery, emergency medicine, psychiatry, basic sciences. The secondary end points are to analyze risk factors, causes and consequences associated with burnout. A cross-sectional study conducted among medical residents working in hospitals located in the governorates of Tunis. Three instruments were used: an anonymous self-administered questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to assess burnout, and Abstract Beck Depression Inventory to evaluate the intensity of depression. Severe burnout was defined as a severely high level of both emotional exhaustion and depersonalization associated with a severely low level of personal accomplishment. A total of 149 participants (response rate=76.8%) participated in the survey. Among participants, 17.14% (n=26) had a severe burnout. The emergency medicine residents had the highest rate of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and severe depression. Overall, resident respondents, 31% (n=46), had moderate to severe depression. Among stress factors, those significantly correlated to burnout were: lack of hobbies (Pburnout were: Antecedents of specialty change (P=0.017) and desire for a specialty change (Pburnout was not found. Medical residents in all specialties are at risk of burnout. Nevertheless, this study revealed that some specialties are more exhausting, which is consistent with the results reported in the literature. Moreover, it is shown that several stress factors

  7. Incidence and Factors Associated with Burnout in Anesthesiology: A Systematic Review

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    Filippo Sanfilippo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Burnout syndrome has reached epidemic levels among physicians (reported around 50%. Anesthesiology is among the most stressful medical disciplines but there is paucity of literature as compared with others. Analysis of burnout is essential because it is associated with safety and quality of care. We summarize evidence on burnout in anesthesiology. Methods. We conducted a systematic review (MEDLINE up to 30.06.2017. We included studies reporting burnout in anesthesiology with no restriction on role or screening test used. Results. Fifteen surveys/studies described burnout in anesthesiology, including different workers profiles (nurses, residents, consultants, and directors. All studies used the Maslach Burnout Inventory test but with significant differences for risk stratification. Burnout prevalence greatly varied across studies (10%–41% high risk, up to 59% at least moderate risk. Factors most consistently associated with burnout were strained working pattern, working as younger consultant, and having children. There was no consistent relationship between burnout and hospital characteristics, gender, or marital status. Conclusions. Burnout prevalence among anesthesiologists is relatively high across career stages, and some risk factors are reported frequently. However, the small number of studies as well as the large differences in their methodology and in reporting approach warrants further research in this field.

  8. Female nurses' burnout symptoms: No association with the Hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yufang; Lam, Louisa; Luo, Yuanhui; Plummer, Virginia; Cross, Wendy; Li, Hui; Yin, Yizhen; Zhang, Jingping

    2017-03-01

    Across the world, hospital nurses experience a high level of burnout. Exploring biochemical markers of burnout could help to understand physiological changes and may provide useful evidence for preventing burnout symptoms. The current study included 94 female nurses from one Chinese third-level hospital. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) was used to investigate burnout symptoms: emotional exhaustion, cynicism, reduced professional efficacy, as well as the burnout average. The HPT axis was tested by checking blood levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroxin (T 4 ) and triiodothyronine (T 3 ). Nonparametric tests showed that no significant difference in biochemical markers was found between the burnout and non-burnout groups. Spearman correlation analysis found that biochemical markers had no significant association with burnout symptoms, except weakly negative associations between reduced professional efficacy and blood pressure and heart rate. These findings show a rather poor correlation of the HPT axis on burnout symptoms. Expanding the biochemical index of the HPT axis, comparing well-defined samples and using longitudinal studies are recommended for further studies. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Incidence and Factors Associated with Burnout in Anesthesiology: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanfilippo, Filippo; Noto, Alberto; Foresta, Grazia; Santonocito, Cristina; Palumbo, Gaetano J.; Arcadipane, Antonio; Maybauer, Dirk M.

    2017-01-01

    Background Burnout syndrome has reached epidemic levels among physicians (reported around 50%). Anesthesiology is among the most stressful medical disciplines but there is paucity of literature as compared with others. Analysis of burnout is essential because it is associated with safety and quality of care. We summarize evidence on burnout in anesthesiology. Methods We conducted a systematic review (MEDLINE up to 30.06.2017). We included studies reporting burnout in anesthesiology with no restriction on role or screening test used. Results Fifteen surveys/studies described burnout in anesthesiology, including different workers profiles (nurses, residents, consultants, and directors). All studies used the Maslach Burnout Inventory test but with significant differences for risk stratification. Burnout prevalence greatly varied across studies (10%–41% high risk, up to 59% at least moderate risk). Factors most consistently associated with burnout were strained working pattern, working as younger consultant, and having children. There was no consistent relationship between burnout and hospital characteristics, gender, or marital status. Conclusions Burnout prevalence among anesthesiologists is relatively high across career stages, and some risk factors are reported frequently. However, the small number of studies as well as the large differences in their methodology and in reporting approach warrants further research in this field. PMID:29318155

  10. Incidence and Factors Associated with Burnout in Anesthesiology: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanfilippo, Filippo; Noto, Alberto; Foresta, Grazia; Santonocito, Cristina; Palumbo, Gaetano J; Arcadipane, Antonio; Maybauer, Dirk M; Maybauer, Marc O

    2017-01-01

    Burnout syndrome has reached epidemic levels among physicians (reported around 50%). Anesthesiology is among the most stressful medical disciplines but there is paucity of literature as compared with others. Analysis of burnout is essential because it is associated with safety and quality of care. We summarize evidence on burnout in anesthesiology. We conducted a systematic review (MEDLINE up to 30.06.2017). We included studies reporting burnout in anesthesiology with no restriction on role or screening test used. Fifteen surveys/studies described burnout in anesthesiology, including different workers profiles (nurses, residents, consultants, and directors). All studies used the Maslach Burnout Inventory test but with significant differences for risk stratification. Burnout prevalence greatly varied across studies (10%-41% high risk, up to 59% at least moderate risk). Factors most consistently associated with burnout were strained working pattern, working as younger consultant, and having children. There was no consistent relationship between burnout and hospital characteristics, gender, or marital status. Burnout prevalence among anesthesiologists is relatively high across career stages, and some risk factors are reported frequently. However, the small number of studies as well as the large differences in their methodology and in reporting approach warrants further research in this field.

  11. Job dissatisfaction and burnout in secondary school teachers: student’s disruptive behaviour and conflict management examined Insatisfacción laboral y burnout en profesores de secundaria: las conductas y/o actitudes problemáticas de los estudiantes y el manejo del conflicto a examen.

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    José M. Otero-López

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Over the last few decades there has been an important consensus amongst both scholars and researchers as far as teacher occupational malaise is concerned on the leading role of both students’ disruptive behaviour and/or attitudes and teachers’ perception of the difficulty in managing conflicts. Few empirical attempts, however, have been aimed at elucidating what determinants -from either of the two fronts- have a greater prominence to this phenomenon. It is, therefore, the purpose of this study -using a sample of 1,386 teachers from Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria (Compulsory Secondary Education, to identify what students’ disruptive behaviour and/or attitudes as well as what sources of stress derived from conflict management best discriminate between teachers with different levels of job dissatisfaction and burnout. Results allow us to conclude that all variables validly discriminate as a function of dissatisfaction and burnout. Specifically, aspects such as dealing with the parents of disruptive students and students’ problematic behaviour (vandalism within the premises of the school, aggressions among students, verbal abuse and challenging behaviour against the teacher have an incidence on all three facets of burnout.


    Key words: Job dissatisfaction, burnout, secondary education teachers.

    En las últimas décadas existe un importante consenso, entre teóricos e investigadores, acerca del protagonismo, que tanto las conductas y/o actitudes problemáticas de los alumnos, como la percepción del docente, de la dificultad para manejar los conflictos, tienen en el malestar laboral de los profesores. No obstante, existen muy pocos esfuerzos empíricos encaminados a clarificar cuáles son los determinantes que, desde estos dos frentes, adquieren un mayor protagonismo en este fenómeno. Así, el propósito de esta investigación es, a partir de una muestra de 1.386 profesores de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria

  12. Influencia del género sobre el proceso de desarrollo del síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo (Burnout en profesionales de enfermería The influence of gender on the development of Burnout syndrome process in nursing professionals

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    Pedro R. Gil-Monte

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio es analizar si el género establece diferencias significativas en los niveles y en el proceso del síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo. Los resultados obtenidos indican que los hombres (N = 72 puntúan significativamente más alto que las mujeres (N = 258 en despersonalización. En la muestra de hombres la realización personal en el trabajo no resultó un predictor significativo de despersonalización. En la muestra de mujeres el agotamiento emocional no predijo significativamente la inclinación al absentismo. Se concluye sobre la importancia de que los gestores de personal en sanidad tengan presente la diferencia de género.The purpose of this study was to analyze if gender differences establish significant differences in the levels and process of the burnout syndrome. Results indicate that the men (N = 72 perceive significantly more despersonalization that the women (N = 258. In the sample of men personal accomplishment was not a significant antecedent of despersonalization, while in the sample of women emotional exhaustion was not a significant antecedent of inclination to be absent. As a conclusion it is recommended that managers of personnel in health sector should take into consideration the gender differences in the intervention on the burnout syndrome.

  13. Experiences of violence, burnout and job satisfaction in Korean nurses in the emergency medical centre setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Hee Sook; Sok, Sohyune R

    2016-12-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the experience of violence in relation to burnout and job satisfaction in Korean nurses in the emergency medical centre setting. Participants were 236 nurses in the emergency medical centre setting of three metropolitan areas in Korea. Measures included a general characteristics form, characteristics related to experiences of violence, the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Data were collected from June 2013 to February 2014. In the prediction model, 33.4% of burnout was explained and 35.7% for job satisfaction. The greatest influence on burnout was handling violence, followed by verbal abuse. The greatest influence on job satisfaction was physical threat, followed by handling violence. The study shows that burnout and job satisfaction of Korean nurses in the emergency medical centre setting are related to experiences of violence such as verbal abuse, physical threat and physical violence, as well as handling violence. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  14. Health Care Provider Burnout in a United States Military Medical Center During a Period of War.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargent, Paul; Millegan, Jeffrey; Delaney, Eileen; Roesch, Scott; Sanders, Martha; Mak, Heather; Mallahan, Leonard; Raducha, Stephanie; Webb-Murphy, Jennifer

    2016-02-01

    Provider burnout can impact efficiency, empathy, and medical errors. Our study examines burnout in a military medical center during a period of war. A survey including the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), deployment history, and work variables was distributed to health care providers. MBI subscale means were calculated and associations between variables were analyzed. Approximately 60% of 523 respondents were active duty and 34% had deployed. MBI subscale means were 19.99 emotional exhaustion, 4.84 depersonalization, and 40.56 personal accomplishment. Frustration over administrative support was associated with high emotional exhaustion and depersonalization; frustration over life/work balance was associated with high emotional exhaustion. Levels of burnout in our sample were similar to civilian medical centers. Sources of frustration were related to administrative support and life/work balance. Deployment had no effect on burnout levels. Reprint & Copyright © 2016 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  15. Why do perfectionists have a higher burnout risk than others? The mediational effect of workaholism

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    van Beek, Ilona

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Previous research has revealed that perfectionists have a higher burnout risk than others, but the mechanisms accounting for this association have rarely been examined. The present study proposes that workaholism mediates this relation, as previous research revealed that (a perfectionists are more likely to be workaholics than others, and (b workaholics have a higher burnout risk than others. Using cross-sectional data from 199 Dutch managers, regression analyses revealed that holding high standards towards oneself (a self-directed indicator of perfectionism was unrelated to any of the three dimensions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. However, high concern over making mistakes in the face of others (representing socially prescribed perfectionism was systematically associated with high levels of burnout and workaholism. Moreover, workaholism was positively associated with high levels of exhaustion. Subsequent mediation analysis revealed that the association between (the socially prescribed aspect of perfectionism and burnout (emotional exhaustion was mediated by workaholism.

  16. Trends in burnout syndrome and emotional factors: an assessment of anesthesiologists in Southern Brazil, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Patrícia Larrosa; Trentin, Jessica Puchalski; de Avila Quevedo, Luciana

    2016-06-01

    Burnout syndrome (BOS) is the result of chronic stress at work, and is characterized by emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and low professional accomplishment. Anesthesiologyis a stressful profession. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of burnout as well as the sociodemographic and working characteristics associated with this syndrome's emotional factors, in anesthesiologists from Southern Brazil. We assessed burnout severity, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem using the Maslach burnout inventory, the Beck depression inventory, and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, respectively. Of the 198 anesthesiologists included in this study, 48.7% were positive for burnout, 26.9% for EE, 41.3% for DP and 32.7% for low personal accomplishment. Trends in BOS was associated with a younger age, difficulty to conciliate family and work demands, low self-esteem, and depressive symptoms.

  17. PREVALENCIA DEL SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT EN RESIDENTES DE ESPECIALIDADES MÉDICO QUIRÚRGICAS, SU RELACIÓN CON EL BIENESTAR PSICOLÓGICO Y CON VARIABLES SOCIODEMOGRÁFICAS Y LABORALES

    OpenAIRE

    PAREDES G., OLGA L.; SANABRIA-FERRAND, PABLO A.

    2008-01-01

    El Síndrome de Burnout es una de las manifestaciones que más afecta a los profesionales de la salud, con diversas consecuencias para ellos y para quienes los rodean. Es también, una de las causas más reconocidas de ausentismo en el trabajo, de baja calidad en la atención y de demandas laborales. El objetivo del trabajo fue conocer la prevalencia del síndorme entre los residentes de las especialidades médico quirúrgica de hospitales universitarios, su relación con el bienestar psicológico y co...

  18. Burnout syndrome among undergraduate nursing students at a public university.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaschewski-Barlem, Jamila Geri; Lunardi, Valéria Lerch; Lunardi, Guilherme Lerch; Barlem, Edison Luiz Devos; da Silveira, Rosemary Silva; Vidal, Danielle Adriane Silveira

    2014-01-01

    to investigate the burnout syndrome and its relationship with demographic and academic variables among undergraduate nursing students at a public university in Southern Brazil. a quantitative study with 168 students, by applying an adaptation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey, validated for this study. We used descriptive and variance analysis of the data analysis. we found that students do not have the burnout syndrome, manifesting high average scores in Emotional Exhaustion, low in Disbelief and high in Professional Effectiveness; that younger students who perform leisure activities have greater Professional Effectiveness, unlike students in early grades with no extracurricular activities; combining work and studies negatively influenced only the Professional Effectiveness factor, while the intention of giving up influenced negatively Disbelief and Professional Effectiveness factors. the situations that lead students to Emotional Exhaustion need to be recognized, considering the specificity of their study environments.

  19. Burnout and nursing work environment in public health institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogueira, Lilia de Souza; Sousa, Regina Márcia Cardoso de; Guedes, Erika de Souza; Santos, Mariana Alvina Dos; Turrini, Ruth Natalia Teresa; Cruz, Diná de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da

    2018-01-01

    to identify associations between the Burnout domains and the characteristics of the work environment. cross-sectional study with 745 nurses from 40 public health institutions in São Paulo. Nursing Work Index-Revised (NWI-R) and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. Similar institutions according to NWI-R were grouped by clustering and the Anova and Bonferroni tests were used in the comparative analyzes. there was significant and moderate correlation between emotional exhaustion and autonomy, control over the environment and organizational support; between reduced personal accomplishment, autonomy and organizational support; and between depersonalization and autonomy. The group that presented the worst conditions in the work environment differed on emotional exhaustion from the group with most favorable traits. emotional exhaustion was the trait of Burnout that was more consistently related to the group of institutions with more unfavorable working conditions regarding autonomy, organizational support and control over the environment.

  20. Burnout syndrome among undergraduate nursing students at a public university

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    Jamila Geri Tomaschewski-Barlem

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to investigate the burnout syndrome and its relationship with demographic and academic variables among undergraduate nursing students at a public university in Southern Brazil.METHOD: a quantitative study with 168 students, by applying an adaptation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey, validated for this study. We used descriptive and variance analysis of the data analysis.RESULTS: we found that students do not have the burnout syndrome, manifesting high average scores in Emotional Exhaustion, low in Disbelief and high in Professional Effectiveness; that younger students who perform leisure activities have greater Professional Effectiveness, unlike students in early grades with no extracurricular activities; combining work and studies negatively influenced only the Professional Effectiveness factor, while the intention of giving up influenced negatively Disbelief and Professional Effectiveness factors.CONCLUSION: the situations that lead students to Emotional Exhaustion need to be recognized, considering the specificity of their study environments.

  1. Predictors of Burnout Syndrome Among Healthcare Workers in Hospitals

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    Janine Kieling Monteiro

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims at identifying sociodemographic and laboral predictors of burnout syndrome in 182 health workers in the hospital setting. It uses a questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and a working context scale. In the analysis of the data a multiple regression analysis was employed. Interviewees' considering their profession as stressful was the most revealing variable with regards to the Emotional Exhaustion dimension and the low level of Professional Efficacy. As predictor variables to Cynicism the research points to negative working environments, stress upon dealing with male patients. The risk profile for burnout syndrome includes higher schooled professionals, old-timers and those who perceive their job, work scale, type and quantity of patients as stressing factors.

  2. Factors associated with burnout among US neurosurgery residents: a nationwide survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attenello, Frank J; Buchanan, Ian A; Wen, Timothy; Donoho, Daniel A; McCartney, Shirley; Cen, Steven Y; Khalessi, Alexander A; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A; Cheng, Joseph S; Mack, William J; Schirmer, Clemens M; Swartz, Karin R; Prall, J Adair; Stroink, Ann R; Giannotta, Steven L; Klimo, Paul

    2018-02-09

    OBJECTIVE Excessive dissatisfaction and stress among physicians can precipitate burnout, which results in diminished productivity, quality of care, and patient satisfaction and treatment adherence. Given the multiplicity of its harms and detriments to workforce retention and in light of the growing physician shortage, burnout has garnered much attention in recent years. Using a national survey, the authors formally evaluated burnout among neurosurgery trainees. METHODS An 86-item questionnaire was disseminated to residents in the American Association of Neurological Surgeons database between June and November 2015. Questions evaluated personal and workplace stressors, mentorship, career satisfaction, and burnout. Burnout was assessed using the previously validated Maslach Burnout Inventory. Factors associated with burnout were determined using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS The response rate with completed surveys was 21% (346/1643). The majority of residents were male (78%), 26-35 years old (92%), in a stable relationship (70%), and without children (73%). Respondents were equally distributed across all residency years. Eighty-one percent of residents were satisfied with their career choice, although 41% had at some point given serious thought to quitting. The overall burnout rate was 67%. In the multivariate analysis, notable factors associated with burnout included inadequate operating room exposure (OR 7.57, p = 0.011), hostile faculty (OR 4.07, p = 0.008), and social stressors outside of work (OR 4.52, p = 0.008). Meaningful mentorship was protective against burnout in the multivariate regression models (OR 0.338, p = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS Rates of burnout and career satisfaction are paradoxically high among neurosurgery trainees. While several factors were predictive of burnout, including inadequate operative exposure and social stressors, meaningful mentorship proved to be protective against burnout. The documented negative effects of

  3. Análisis estructural e invarianza de medición del MBI-GS en trabajadores peruanos (Structural Analysis and Measurement Invariance of MBI-GS in Peruvian Workers

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    Manuel Fernández-Arata

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La medición del burnout ha evolucionado con la creación de varios instrumentos y modelos. El Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS es uno de estos instrumentos para medir tres constructos definicionales del burnout: (1 agotamiento emocional, (2 eficacia profesional y (3 indiferencia. Fue creado para un amplio rango de ocupaciones, pero pocas veces se ha verificado su estructura latente e invarianza de medición en Latinoamérica. El presente estudio analiza esta estructura latente y la invarianza de medición del MBI-GS en una muestra de 940 trabajadores peruanos de varias ocupaciones. Se aplicó la metodología de ecuaciones estructurales mediante el análisis factorial confirmatorio, así como la invarianza de medición entre varones y mujeres, imponiendo restricciones sucesivamente más estrictas. Los resultados verificaron satisfactoriamente la estructura de tres dimensiones latentes del MBI-GS, y la invarianza de sus parámetros entre hombres y mujeres. Se discute las implicaciones de los resultados. Abstract The measurement of burnout has evolved into the creation of various tools and models. The Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS is one of these instruments used to measure three definitional constructs of burnout: (1 emotional exhaustion, (2 professional efficiency, and (3 indifference. It was created for a wide range of occupations, but its latent structure and invariance of measurement in Latin America has rarely been verified. The present study analyzes the latent structure and the invariance of measurement of MBI-GS in a sample of 940 Peruvian workers in various occupations. The methodology of structural equations was applied through the confirmatory factor analysis, as well as the invariance of measurement between men and women, imposing restrictions successively more strict. The results satisfactorily verified the structure of three-dimensional latent MBI-GS, and the invariance of its

  4. Burnout Among Otolaryngology Residents in Saudi Arabia: A Multicenter Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldrees, Turki; Badri, Motasim; Islam, Tahera; Alqahtani, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Determine the prevalence of, and associated risk factors for, burnout among otolaryngologist residents in Saudi Arabia. A cross-section study of multicenter hospitals in Saudi Arabia conducted in March 2013. Registered residents in Saudi Otolaryngology Board Program. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to measure burnout status. Questions supplementary to the Maslach Burnout Inventory were also included to identify associated potential risk factors such as demographic data, resident satisfaction, and work conditions. Of the initial 123 questionnaires that were distributed, 85 yielded responses, a rate of 69%. The mean age (standard deviation [SD]) of respondents was 29 (2.3) years. Of those, 67% (57/85) were men and 66% (55/85) were married. Resident levels were delineated: level 2, 19%; level 3, 33%; level 4, 29%; and level 5, 19%. The mean number of on-call days/month (SD) was 7 (2), clinics/week (SD) was 3 (1), sleep hours/day (SD) was 6 (1), and operations/week (SD) was 2 (1). The mean emotional exhaustion (EE) and depersonalization scores were high at 29.5 (SD = 9.6) and 10.7 (SD = 6), respectively. The mean personal accomplishment was low at 32.33 (SD = 6). The mean of all subscales did not differ by sex (EE p = 0.5; depersonalization p = 0.09; personal accomplishment p = 0.4). Mean EE differed by marital status, which was 31.2, 31.3, and 25.6 for married, divorced, and single, respectively, analysis of variance test p = 0.045. Burnout prevalence was found to be high among otolaryngologist residents in Saudi Arabia. The associated variables examined in this study should be addressed to decrease this level of burnout and provide residents with a less stressful work environment. Copyright © 2015 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Caracterización del síndrome de Burnout en amas de casa residentes en el barrio Rodrigo de Bastidas de la ciudad de Santa Marta, Colombia

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    Ubaldo Rodriguez de Avila

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El síndrome de Burnout en amas de casa puede afectar la salud y la calidad de vida de esta población; lo anterior puede generar patologías y disfunción familiar. En este artículo se presentan los resultados de una investigación cuyo objetivo fue identificar y describir la presencia del síndrome de Burnout en amas de casa. Igualmente se estableció la relación existente entre el nivel sociocultural, el estado civil y la edad con la aparición del Burnout en amas de casa residentes del barrio Rodrigo de Bastidas en la ciudad de Santa Marta. Este estudio se desarrolló, a partir de la aplicación a 203 amas de casa quienes fueron seleccionadas de forma aleatoria, del Cuestionario de Burnout para Amas de Casa y una ficha sociodemográfica y se compararon los resultados. Estos mostraron que el 11,3 % estaban afectadas por el síndrome. Las edades oscilaban entre los 41 y 60 años y ellas ejercían labores domésticas desde hacía 1 a 30 años. La mayoría estaba casada o en unión libre y mostraron mayor nivel de cansancio emocional; lo que puede atribuirse al doble papel desempeñado: madres y trabajadoras. Así mismo un grupo significativo pertenecía a familias nucleares o extensas; por lo tanto, estas podían experimentar mayores estresores familiares. Abstract Burnout Syndrome in housewives can affect the health and quality of life of this population; this can generate diseases and family dysfunction. This article presents the results of an investigation whose aim was to identify and describe the presence of the Burnout Syndrome in housewives. Also was established the relationship between the socio-cultural level, marital status and age with the appearance of the Burnout in housewives who sit in the neighborhood Rodrigo de Bastidas in the city of Santa Marta. This study developed, from the application to 203 housewives who were selected randomly, of Burnout questionnaire for housewives and one tab socio-demographic and the results were

  6. High rate of burnout among anaesthesiologists in Belgrade teaching hospitals: Results of a cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milenović, Miodrag; Matejić, Bojana; Vasić, Vladimir; Frost, Elizabeth; Petrović, Nataša; Simić, Dušica

    2016-03-01

    Decisions by anaesthesiologists directly impact the treatment, safety, recovery and quality of life of patients. Physical or mental collapse due to overwork or stress (burnout) in anaesthesiologists may, therefore, be expected to negatively affect patients, departments, healthcare facilities and families. To evaluate the prevalence of burnout among anaesthesiologists in Belgrade public teaching hospitals. A cross-sectional survey. Anaesthesiologists in 10 Belgrade teaching hospitals. Burnout was assessed using Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey. The response rate was 76.2% (205/272) with the majority of respondents women (70.7%). The prevalence of total burnout among anaesthesiologists in Belgrade teaching hospitals was 6.34%. Measured level of burnout as assessed by high emotional exhaustion, high depersonalisation and low personal accomplishment was 52.7, 12.2 and 28.8%, respectively. More than a quarter of the studied population responded in each category with symptoms of moderate burnout. We detected that sex, additional academic education, marital status and working conditions were risk factors for emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation. Ageing increased the likelihood of burnout by 21.3% with each additional year. Shorter professional experience and increased educational accomplishment increased the risk of total burnout by 272%. Burnout rates in Belgrade teaching hospitals among anaesthesiologists are higher than in foreign hospitals. Emotional and/or physical breakdowns can have serious effects when these individuals care for patients in extremely stressed situations that may occur perioperatively. Causes for burnout should be examined more closely and means implemented to reverse this process.

  7. Interaction effect study on stress reaction and job burnout, personality, self-esteem in radiological medical personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Linlin; Feng Liyun; Yang Yanyan; Wu Di

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To explore interaction effect between stress reaction and job burnout, personality, self-esteem in radiological medical personnel with path analysis. Methods: 728 radiological medical personnels were investigated with Maslach burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Self-esteem Scale. Results: Multiple regression and path analysis revealed that there were statistically significant relation between stress reaction and job burnout, Personality and self-esteem. Conclusion: Psychological stress is a complicated and multiple interaction of psychological stress related factors. (authors)

  8. Professional Burnout and Concurrent Health Complaints in Neonatal Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skorobogatova, Natalija; Žemaitienė, Nida; Šmigelskas, Kastytis; Tamelienė, Rasa

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze nurses' professional burnout and health complaints and the relationship between the two components. The anonymous survey included 94 neonatal intensive care nurses from two centers of perinatology. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) was used to evaluate professional burnout; it consisted of 3 components, Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal Accomplishments, with 22 items in total. Health complaints were evaluated by 21 items, where nurses were asked to report the occurrence of symptoms within the last year. Scale means were presented with standard deviations (SD). Inferential analysis was conducted with multivariate logistic regression, adjusting for age, residence, and work experience. The mean score of professional burnout on the Emotional Exhaustion subscale was 14.4 (SD=7.91), Depersonalization 3.8 (SD=4.75), and Personal Accomplishment 29.1 (SD=10.12). The health assessment revealed that sleeplessness, lack of rest, nervousness, and tiredness were the most common complaints. The regression analysis revealed that tiredness was independently associated with significantly increased odds of professional burnout (OR=4.1). In our study, more than half of the nurses in neonatal intensive care had moderate or high levels of emotional exhaustion, while levels of depersonalization were significantly lower. In contrast, the level of personal accomplishment was low in more than half of the nurses. The most common health complaints were sleep disturbances, nervousness, and tiredness. Tiredness was most strongly associated with professional burnout.

  9. Reiki Reduces Burnout Among Community Mental Health Clinicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosada, Renee M; Rubik, Beverly; Mainguy, Barbara; Plummer, Julie; Mehl-Madrona, Lewis

    2015-08-01

    Clinicians working in community mental health clinics are at high risk for burnout. Burnout is a problem involving emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. Reiki is a holistic biofield energy therapy beneficial for reducing stress. The purpose of this study was to determine if 30 minutes of healing touch could reduce burnout in community mental health clinicians. We utilized a crossover design to explore the efficacy of Reiki versus sham Reiki, a pseudo treatment designed to mimic true Reiki, as a means to reduce symptoms of burnout. Subjects were randomized to whether they started with Reiki or sham. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and the Measure Your Medical Outcome Profile Version 2 (MYMOP-2) were used as outcome measures. Multilevel modeling was used to represent the relations among variables. Reiki was statistically significantly better than sham Reiki in reducing burnout among community mental health clinicians (p=0.011). Reiki was significant in reducing depersonalization (pReiki reduced the primary symptom on the MYMOP also only among single people (p=0.03). The effects of Reiki were differentiated from sham Reiki. Reiki could be helpful in community mental health settings for the mental health of the practitioners.

  10. Job satisfaction among nurses: a predictor of burnout levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalliath, Thomas; Morris, Rita

    2002-12-01

    This study assessed the impact of differential levels of job satisfaction on burnout among nurses, hypothesizing that higher levels of job satisfaction predict lower levels of burnout. Social environmental factors of the workplace arising from organizational restructuring cost containment strategies, diminishing resources, and increasing responsibilities, cause highly stressed, burned out nurses to leave the profession. This study used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to measure emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. The job satisfaction scale of Katzell et al was used to measure overall job satisfaction. Statistical tests for significance used were Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Modeling, the chi statistic, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation, Goodness of Fit Index, and Comparative Fit Index. The findings show that job satisfaction has a significant direct negative effect on emotional exhaustion, whereas emotional exhaustion has a direct positive effect on depersonalization. A significant indirect effect was seen of job satisfaction on depersonalization via exhaustion. The path coefficient shows that job satisfaction has both direct and indirect effects on burnout, confirming job satisfaction as a significant predictor of burnout. Collaborative efforts between nurses, administrators, and educators to research and test practical models to improve job satisfaction may work as an antidote to burnout.

  11. Burnout, engagement and resident physicians' self-reported errors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prins, J T; van der Heijden, F M M A; Hoekstra-Weebers, J E H M; Bakker, A B; van de Wiel, H B M; Jacobs, B; Gazendam-Donofrio, S M

    2009-12-01

    Burnout is a work-related syndrome that may negatively affect more than just the resident physician. On the other hand, engagement has been shown to protect employees; it may also positively affect the patient care that the residents provide. Little is known about the relationship between residents' self-reported errors and burnout and engagement. In our national study that included all residents and physicians in The Netherlands, 2115 questionnaires were returned (response rate 41.1%). The residents reported on burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory-Health and Social Services), engagement (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale) and self-assessed patient care practices (six items, two factors: errors in action/judgment, errors due to lack of time). Ninety-four percent of the residents reported making one or more mistake without negative consequences for the patient during their training. Seventy-one percent reported performing procedures for which they did not feel properly trained. More than half (56%) of the residents stated they had made a mistake with a negative consequence. Seventy-six percent felt they had fallen short in the quality of care they provided on at least one occasion. Men reported more errors in action/judgment than women. Significant effects of specialty and clinical setting were found on both types of errors. Residents with burnout reported significantly more errors (p engaged residents reported fewer errors (p burnout and to keep residents engaged in their work.

  12. Burnout amongst urban secondary school teachers in Namibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dap Louw

    2011-11-01

    Motivation for the study: The study focused on the magnitude and nature of burnout amongst Namibian teachers as well as the influence of biographical factors on their levels of burnout. Another aim was to determine the extent to which the results of this study correlate with research findings in other countries. Research design, approach and method: The researchers used a non-experimental research method. The study involved more than 300 secondary school teachers from the Windhoek region of Namibia. They administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and a biographical questionnaire to achieve the goals of the study. Main findings: The main findings of the study were that the participants experienced similar levels of burnout compared to teachers in other countries. This was especially true for emotional exhaustion. Teaching experience was the biographical variable that yielded the most significant positive correlation with burnout. Practical/managerial implications: The education authorities should address the emotional needs of secondary school teachers in Namibia urgently. They should introduce effective burnout intervention and prevention programmes. These programmes could result in higher levels of job satisfaction and educational effectiveness. They could also lead to increased general fulfilment and better teacher retention.

  13. Relationship between assertiveness and burnout among nurse managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Eiko; Saito, Miyuki; Tagaya, Akira; Mihara, Rieko; Maruyama, Akiko; Azuma, Tomomi; Sato, Chifumi

    2009-12-01

    We aimed to clarify the relationship between assertiveness and burnout among nurse managers at university hospitals. The directors at three university hospitals agreed to cooperate with our study. During a one-month period from May to June 2007, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 203 nurse managers (head and sub-head nurses). The Japanese version of the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (J-RAS) and the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were used as scales. Burnout was operationally defined as a total MBI score in the highest tertile. Valid responses were obtained from 172 nurse managers. The mean J-RAS score of the burnout group (-14.3) was significantly lower than that of the non-burnout group (-3.3). Responses about work experience and age showed no significant group difference. Total MBI score was inversely correlated with J-RAS score (R = -0.30, P assertiveness and satisfaction with own care provision contributes to preventing burnout among Japanese nurse managers.

  14. Burnout, depression and suicidal ideation in dental students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galán, Fernando; Ríos-Santos, José-Vicente; Polo, Juan; Rios-Carrasco, Blanca; Bullón, Pedro

    2014-05-01

    To investigate the prevalence, gender influence, and relationships between burnout, depression and suicidal ideation within the last year among second, fourth and fifth-year dental students. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 dental students enrolled in the second, fourth and fifth years at the School of Dentistry of Seville using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and the MBI-Human Services Survey, the "Patient Health Questionnaire-2", and the "Questions about Suicidal Ideation and Attempted Suicide". The response rate among dental students was 80%. Burnout prevalence in dental students was higher in second and fourth years than in fifth year (p = 0.059 and p = 0.003, respectively). Depression prevalence in the fourth year approached significance (p = 0.051). Prevalence of suicidal ideation within the past year was higher, yet not reaching significance, in fourth year. No gender-related differences were found. A significant association was observed between burnout and depression, and between depression and suicidal ideation (p burnout and suicidal ideation. This study has brought our attention to the high prevalence of burnout and depression, and reported for the first time the prevalence of suicidal ideation among dental students in preclinical and clinical years.

  15. Burnout in dental students: effectiveness of different methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study was proposed to estimate the effectiveness of different screening methods of the Burnout Syndrome among dental students. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The Burnout Syndrome assessment was performed using the Oldenburg Inventory-Student survey (OLBI-SS and the Copenhagen Inventory-Student survey (CBI‑SS. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student survey (MBI-SS was used as the gold standard. The psychometric properties of the instruments were measured. The second-order hierarchical model was estimated to calculate the overall scores for OLBI-SS and CBI-SS, and ROC curves were constructed and the areas were estimated (AUROC. RESULT: A total of 235 undergraduate students participated in this study. The instruments showed an adequate reliability and validity; however three questions had to be removed from OLBI-SS and one from CBI-SS. The Exhaustion dimension of OLBI-SS, and Personal Burnout and Study related Burnout of CBI-SS presented a good discriminating capacity. CONCLUSION: CBI-SS showed higher discriminating capacity, than OLBI-SS, to identify the Burnout Syndrome (DAUROC=.172 [.103-.240]; p<.05.

  16. [Academic achievement, engagement and burnout among first year medical students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez H, Paula; Pérez V, Cristhian; Parra P, Paula; Ortiz M, Liliana; Matus B, Olga; McColl C, Peter; Torres A, Graciela; Meyer K, Andrea

    2015-07-01

    Stress may affect the sense of wellbeing and academic achievement of university students. To assess the relationship of academic engagement and burnout with academic achievement among first year medical students. The Utrecht Work Engagement Scale-Student and Maslach Burnout Inventory Student Survey (MBI-SS) were applied to 277 first year medical students of four universities. Their results were correlated with the grades obtained in the different courses. Moderately high engagement and low burnout levels were detected. There was a high level of satisfaction with studies and a moderate exhaustion level. Academic achievement was associated with the degree of engagement with studies but not with burnout. Conglomerate analysis detected a group of students with high levels of wellbeing, characterized by high levels of academic engagement and low burnout. Other group had moderate levels of engagement and lack of personal fulfilment. Other group, identified as extenuated, had high levels of personal exhaustion and depersonalization. Finally the disassociated group had a low academic engagement, low emotional exhaustion, high levels of depersonalization and lack of personal fulfillment. Academic achievement is associated with the level of engagement with studies but not with burnout.

  17. Burnout and Job Engagement in Emergency and Intensive Care Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argentero, Piergiorgio; Dell'Olivo, Bianca

    Burnout phenomenon emerges from a constellation of factors which cannot be described in terms of cause-effect relationships. This study investigated levels of burnout in nurses working in Critical Care Units with a systemic approach, giving evidence of relation between nurses staff burnout and psychosocial workplace factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between job burnout in emergency and intensive care nurse with specific areas of work life in their organizations, using Maslach and Leiter work life model [23]. A cross-sectional survey was designed using the Italian version of the "Organizational Checkup System" in a sample of 180 Italian nurses. Results showed that high burnout levels were strongly related to high demands, low control, low fairness, lack of social support, and individual disagreement on values in the workplace. High professional efficacy levels were instead correlated to professional reward and leadership involvement. The article concludes by suggesting the possible areas for intervention in order to prevent job burnout and building job engagement.

  18. Risk of burnout among early career mental health professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volpe, U; Luciano, M; Palumbo, C; Sampogna, G; Del Vecchio, V; Fiorillo, A

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is a stress-related syndrome that often affects mental health professionals (MHPs) and may have serious consequences on personal well-being as well as on the quality of provided psychiatric care. Established literature shows a high risk to develop burnout among MHPs. Few data are available on the incidence and on the clinical implications of the burnout syndrome in the early phases of MHP professional career. We confirmed the presence of burnout among early career MHPs: early career psychiatrists showed a lower sense of personal accomplishment, while non-medical MHPs tended to have more depersonalization and suffered from higher levels of depression. Specific programmes to identify the presence of the burnout syndrome and to cope with it should be taught within mental health training curricula. Burnout is a stress-related syndrome that often affects professionals working in emotionally loaded and highly interpersonal environments. Mental health professionals (MHPs) are long known to be at high risk to develop the burnout syndrome, but this has rarely been investigated in professionals in an early phase of career. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence of the burnout syndrome and of depressive symptoms among early career psychiatrists and 'non-medical' MHPs. One hundred MHPs (including 50 psychiatrists and 50 non-medical MHPs) were screened for the presence of burnout and depression, with the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory - revised, respectively. The relationships of burnout with socio-demographical and professional characteristics were also explored. We confirmed the presence of burnout among both groups of early career MHPs, but psychiatrists had a significantly higher degree of emotional exhaustion and a lower sense of personal accomplishment, while non-medical MHPs adopted more frequently depersonalization as a coping strategy and had higher scores for depression, which is associated with higher level of

  19. Empathy, Burnout, Demographic Variables and their Relationships in Oncology Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taleghani, Fariba; Ashouri, Elaheh; Saburi, Morteza

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Development of nurse–patient empathic communication in the oncology ward is of great importance for the patients to relieve their psychological stress, however, nursing care of cancer patients is accompanied with high stress and burnout. The present study aimed to define the level of empathy and its association with burnout and some demographic characteristics of oncology nurses. Materials and Methods: This descriptive/correlation study was conducted in a professional cancer treatment center in Isfahan. Through census sampling, 67 oncology nurses were selected. The data collection tools were Jefferson Scale of Nursing Empathy, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and demographic characteristics questionnaire. Results: Mean nurses’ empathy and overall burnout scores were 62.28 out of 100 and 38.8 out of 100, respectively. Score of empathy showed an inverse correlation with overall burnout score (r = −0.189, P = 0.04), depersonalization (r = −0.218, P = 0.02), and personal accomplishment (r = −0.265, P = 0.01). Multiple regression test was used to detect which dimension of burnout was a better predictor for the reduction of empathy score. Results showed that the best predictors were lack of personal accomplishment (P = 0.02), depersonalization (P = 0.04), and emotional exhaustion (P = 0.14), respectively. The most influential demographic factor on empathy was work experience (r = 0.304, P = 0.004). One-way analysis of variance showed that official staff had a higher empathy score (f = 2.39, P = 0.045) and their burnout was lower (f = 2.56, P = 0.04). Conclusions: Results showed a negative relationship between empathy and burnout in oncology nurses. Therefore, nursing support from managers to reduce burnout increases empathic behavior of nurses. PMID:28382057

  20. Empathy, burnout, demographic variables and their relationships in oncology nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariba Taleghani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Development of nurse–patient empathic communication in the oncology ward is of great importance for the patients to relieve their psychological stress, however, nursing care of cancer patients is accompanied with high stress and burnout. The present study aimed to define the level of empathy and its association with burnout and some demographic characteristics of oncology nurses. Materials and Methods: This descriptive/correlation study was conducted in a professional cancer treatment center in Isfahan. Through census sampling, 67 oncology nurses were selected. The data collection tools were Jefferson Scale of Nursing Empathy, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and demographic characteristics questionnaire. Results: Mean nurses' empathy and overall burnout scores were 62.28 out of 100 and 38.8 out of 100, respectively. Score of empathy showed an inverse correlation with overall burnout score (r = −0.189, P = 0.04, depersonalization (r = −0.218, P = 0.02, and personal accomplishment (r = −0.265, P = 0.01. Multiple regression test was used to detect which dimension of burnout was a better predictor for the reduction of empathy score. Results showed that the best predictors were lack of personal accomplishment (P = 0.02, depersonalization (P = 0.04, and emotional exhaustion (P = 0.14, respectively. The most influential demographic factor on empathy was work experience (r = 0.304, P = 0.004. One-way analysis of variance showed that official staff had a higher empathy score (f = 2.39, P = 0.045 and their burnout was lower (f = 2.56, P = 0.04. Conclusions: Results showed a negative relationship between empathy and burnout in oncology nurses. Therefore, nursing support from managers to reduce burnout increases empathic behavior of nurses.

  1. Empathy, Burnout, Demographic Variables and their Relationships in Oncology Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taleghani, Fariba; Ashouri, Elaheh; Saburi, Morteza

    2017-01-01

    Development of nurse-patient empathic communication in the oncology ward is of great importance for the patients to relieve their psychological stress, however, nursing care of cancer patients is accompanied with high stress and burnout. The present study aimed to define the level of empathy and its association with burnout and some demographic characteristics of oncology nurses. This descriptive/correlation study was conducted in a professional cancer treatment center in Isfahan. Through census sampling, 67 oncology nurses were selected. The data collection tools were Jefferson Scale of Nursing Empathy, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and demographic characteristics questionnaire. Mean nurses' empathy and overall burnout scores were 62.28 out of 100 and 38.8 out of 100, respectively. Score of empathy showed an inverse correlation with overall burnout score ( r = -0.189, P = 0.04), depersonalization ( r = -0.218, P = 0.02), and personal accomplishment ( r = -0.265, P = 0.01). Multiple regression test was used to detect which dimension of burnout was a better predictor for the reduction of empathy score. Results showed that the best predictors were lack of personal accomplishment ( P = 0.02), depersonalization ( P = 0.04), and emotional exhaustion ( P = 0.14), respectively. The most influential demographic factor on empathy was work experience ( r = 0.304, P = 0.004). One-way analysis of variance showed that official staff had a higher empathy score ( f = 2.39, P = 0.045) and their burnout was lower ( f = 2.56, P = 0.04). Results showed a negative relationship between empathy and burnout in oncology nurses. Therefore, nursing support from managers to reduce burnout increases empathic behavior of nurses.

  2. Burnout and Associated Factors among Iranian Emergency Medicine Practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalili, Mohammad; Sadeghipour Roodsari, Gholamreza; Bassir Nia, Anahita

    2013-09-01

    Emergency physicians are at risk of burnout, which can affect their mental health, as well as patient care. We assessed burnout level among Iranian emergency physicians and investigated demographic, work-related factors and stressors associated with higher burnout. In a cross-sectional study, we surveyed all 188 emergency medicine residents and practitioners in Iran. We measured burnout using 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory assessing emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment, also demographic factors, work related factors and sources of stress in emergency department using anonymous self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive analysis, univariate analysis to evaluate association with higher score of burnout, and multivariate logistic regression analysis to predict high burnout in 3 subscales was performed. Totally, 165 questionnaires were filled (response rate: 88%; mean age: 33.6 years, 91% male). Mean burnout scores were 22.94 for emotional exhaustion (95% CI=20.78-25.01; moderate), 9.3 for depersonalization (95% CI=8.24-10.36; moderate to high), and 31.47 for personal accomplishment (95% CI=29.87-33.07; moderate to high). Frequent reported sources of stress were shortage of equipment, problem with work physical environment, and relationship with other services. All 19 sources of stress were associated with higher score of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization; while twelve out of 19 were significantly associated with lower level of personal accomplishment. In logistic regression model, the significant predictors for high emotional exhaustion were work overload, feeling of insecurity for future career and difficulties to balance professional and private life. Burnout is high among Iranian emergency medicine practitioners and some interventions can be proposed to reduce stress.

  3. Burnout Syndrome Among Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakoc, Ayten; Yilmaz, Murvet; Alcalar, Nilufer; Esen, Bennur; Kayabasi, Hasan; Sit, Dede

    2016-11-01

    Burnout, a syndrome with 3 dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduction of personal accomplishment, is very common among hemodialysis nurses, while data are scarce regarding the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BS) among peritoneal dialysis (PD) nurses. This study aimed to assess and compare demographic and professional characteristics and burnout levels in hemodialysis and PD nurses, and to investigate factors that increase the level of burnout in dialysis nurses. A total of 171 nurses from 44 dialysis centers in Turkey were included in a cross-sectional survey study. Data were collected using a questionnaire defining the social and demographic characteristics and working conditions of the nurses as well as the Maslach Burnout Inventory for assessment of burnout level. There was no significant difference in the level of burnout between the hemodialysis and PD nurses groups. Emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores were higher among the shift workers, nurses who had problems in interactions with the other team members, and those who wanted to leave the unit, as well as the nurses who would not attend training programs. In addition, male sex, younger age, limited working experience, more than 50 hours of working per week, and working in dialysis not by choice were associated with higher depersonalization scores. Personal accomplishment score was lower among the younger nurses who had problems in their interactions with the doctors, who would not regularly attend training programs, and who felt being medically inadequate. Improving working conditions and relations among colleagues, and also providing further dialysis education are necessary for minimizing burnout syndrome. Burnout reduction programs should mainly focus on younger professionals.

  4. Neurophysiological Markers of Emotion Processing in Burnout Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golonka, Krystyna; Mojsa-Kaja, Justyna; Popiel, Katarzyna; Marek, Tadeusz; Gawlowska, Magda

    2017-01-01

    The substantial body of research employing subjective measures indicates that burnout syndrome is associated with cognitive and emotional dysfunctions. The growing amount of neurophysiological and neuroimaging research helps in broadening existing knowledge of the neural mechanisms underlying core burnout components (emotional exhaustion and depersonalization/cynicism) that are inextricably associated with emotional processing. In the presented EEG study, a group of 93 participants (55 women; mean age = 35.8) were selected for the burnout group or the demographically matched control group on the basis of the results of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS) and the Areas of Worklife Survey (AWS). Subjects then participated in an EEG experiment using two experimental procedures: a facial recognition task and viewing of passive pictures. The study focuses on analyzing event-related potentials (ERPs): N170, VPP, EPN, and LPP, as indicators of emotional information processing. Our results show that burnout subjects, as compared to the control group, demonstrate significantly weaker response to affect-evoking stimuli, indexed by a decline in VPP amplitude to emotional faces and decreased EPN amplitude in processing emotional scenes. The analysis of N170 and LPP showed no significant between-group difference. The correlation analyses revealed that VPP and EPN, which are ERP components related to emotional processing, are associated with two core burnout symptoms: emotional exhaustion and cynicism. To our knowledge, we are one of the first research groups to use ERPs to demonstrate such a relationship between neurophysiological activity and burnout syndrome in the context of emotional processing. Thus, in conclusion we emphasized that the decreased amplitude of VPP and EPN components in the burnout group may be a neurophysiological manifestation of emotional blunting and may be considered as neurophysiological markers of emotional exhaustion and cynicism

  5. Burnout Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Panova, Gordana; Panov, Nenad; Stojanov, H; Sumanov, Gorgi; Panova, Blagica; Stojanovski, Angel; Nikolovska, Lence; Jovevska, Svetlana; Trajanovski, D; Asanova, D

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Increasing work responsibilities, allocation of duties, loss of energy and motivation in everyday activities, emotional exhaustion, lack of time for themselves, insuffi cient time for rest and recreation, dissatisfaction in private life. All these symptoms can be cause of Burnout Syndrome. Aim: To see the importance of this syndrome, the consequences of job dissatisfaction, the environment, family and expression in drastic chan...

  6. [Burnout in Nursing Professionals Performing Overtime Workdays in Emergency and Critical Care Departments. Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cañadas-De la Fuente, Guillermo Arturo; Albendín-García, Luis; de la Fuente, Emilia Inmaculada; San Luis, Concepción; Gómez-Urquiza, José Luis; Cañadas, Gustavo Raúl

    2016-09-14

    Burnout syndrome is a disorder that seriously affects people who suffer it, the institutions in which they work and the quality of healthcare. It is of great interest to advance in burnout research for its possible prevention. The aim of this work was to study the levels of burnout syndrome in nurses of emergency department with overtime workdays and to know the relationship between burnout and personality characteristics. Multicenter cross-sectional study with a sample of 1225 emergency nurses from the Andalusian Health Service. Demographic, social and occupational variables were recorded. Burnout was assessed with Maslach Burnout Inventory and personality factors with NEO-Five Factor Inventory. Descriptive analysis of the variables, independent means hypothesis contrast and bayesian analysis were done. 44.1% of nurses who perform overtime workdays have high burnout versus a 38% for those without such overload. These differences have been also found in burnout dimensions, especially in emotional exhaustion (15.3% versus 10.8%) and depersonalization (17.9% versus 11.8%). Overtime workdays performed by emergency nurses seems to have a negative on them and it could also influence the development of burnout syndrome.

  7. Burnout in emergency department healthcare professionals is associated with coping style: a cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, M; Doody, K; Murray, J; LeBlanc-Duchin, D; Fraser, J; Atkinson, P R

    2015-09-01

    Ineffective coping may lead to impaired job performance and burnout, with adverse consequences to staff well-being and patient outcomes. We examined the relationship between coping styles and burnout in emergency physicians, nurses and support staff at seven small, medium and large emergency departments (ED) in a Canadian health region (population 500,000). Linear regression with the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used to evaluate the effect of coping style on levels of burnout in a cross-sectional survey of 616 ED staff members. CISS measures coping style in three categories: task-oriented, emotion-oriented and avoidance-oriented coping; MBI, in use for 30 years, assesses the level of burnout in healthcare workers. Task-oriented coping was associated with decreased risk of burnout, while emotion-oriented coping was associated with increased risk of burnout. Specific coping styles are associated with varied risk of burnout in ED staff across several different types of hospitals in a regional network. Coping style intervention may reduce burnout, while leading to improvement in staff well-being and patient outcomes. Further studies should focus on building and sustaining task-oriented coping, along with alternatives to emotion-oriented coping. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  8. Sense of coherence and job characteristics in predicting burnout in a South African sample

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    Claire S. Johnston

    2013-10-01

    Research purpose: This study examines the contribution of sense of coherence (SOC and job characteristics to predicting burnout by considering direct and moderating effects. Motivation for this study: Understanding the relationships of individual and job characteristics with burnout is necessary for preventing burnout. It also informs the design of interventions. Research design, approach and method: The participants were 632 working adults (57% female in South Africa. The measures included the Job Content Questionnaire, the Sense of Coherence Questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The authors analysed the data using hierarchical multiple regression with the enter method. Main findings: Job characteristics and SOC show the expected direct effects on burnout. SOC has a direct negative effect on burnout. Job demands and supervisor social support show nonlinear relationships with burnout. SOC moderates the effect of demands on burnout and has a protective function so that the demands-burnout relationship differs for those with high and low SOC. Practical/managerial implications: The types of effects, the shape of the stressor-strain relationship and the different contributions of individual and job characteristics have implications for designing interventions. Contribution/value add: SOC functions differently when combined with demands, control and support. These different effects suggest that it is not merely the presence or absence of a job characteristic that is important for well-being outcomes but how people respond to its presence or absence.

  9. Prevalence of Burnout in Senior Medical Students of Kashan University of Medical Sciences in 2008

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    Ahmadvand A.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Burnout is caused by high-stress jobs and could induce somatic, psychological disorders and negative attitude to professional actives so that this condition causes poor relationship with the patient. This study aimed at investigating burnout in senior medical students of Kashan University of Medical Sciences.Methods: This research was a cross sectional study carried out on all senior medical students (N=56 in 2008. Data were obtained by two questionnaires including demographic questionnaire and Maslach burnout Inventory. They were then analyzed using SPSS software and Chi square Test. Results: The findings showed that the majority of medical students (91.1% had burnout and only 8.9% of them had not burnout. Severe burnout was in 16% of students. There was not any significant relationship between burnout and sex, age, smoking, duration of education, interest in medical course and marital status P<0.05.Conclusion: The results of the study showed that burnout is common problem in senior medical students and need special consideration. Therefore medical students should be encouraged to seek help and adequate facilities by holding workshops of life-skill training and coping with stress. However, burnout should be paid special attention in medical students by counseling centers of University for prevention of consequences.

  10. EMOTIONAL BURNOUT SYNDROME: EFFECT ON CLINICAL INERTIA AND MEDICAL PRACTICE STEREOTYPES

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    R. A. Khokhlov

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To estimate the prevalence of burnout in primary care physicians and its influence on medical practice stereotypes and on clinical inertia.Material and Methods. The anonymous single-stage poll was carried out among 184 primary care physicians. The questionnaire included information about sex, age, period and conditions of work, established stereotypes of practices. Burnout was evaluated by Russian analog of Maslach Burnout Inventory. It was defined in high level of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and low level of personal accomplishment 11 questions were developed to reveal of suboptimal medical practice (for example, “I do not discuss treatment options with patient and do not give full answers to his questions” or “I make diagnostic and treatment errors despite of my professional knowledge and inexperience”.Results. The burnout syndrome (or extreme grade of emotional burnout occurs in 13,1% and high level of emotional burnout – in 49,7% of primary care physicians. Features of suboptimal medical practice are usually found in 24,2% of primary care physicians at least monthly. It expresses more often in improper attitude to paqtients and their problems associated with a disease. Thus, burnout contributes to improper attitude to patients. Professional burnout affects established work stereotypes and can promote development of physician’s clinical inertia.Conclusion. As the burnout is common among primary care physicians, an adequate monitoring and prevention of this state is necessary in medical labour management.

  11. The impact of empathy on burnout in medical students: new findings.

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    von Harscher, Heidi; Desmarais, Nathaly; Dollinger, Robert; Grossman, Seth; Aldana, Scarlett

    2018-03-01

    Research on medical students has shown they are at a higher risk for burnout and that this burnout may become more prevalent as they advance in medical school. The literature, thus far, has not explored the construct of ,emotional empathy and whether this can impact burnout in medical students. Objective: To understand the relationship  between empathy (Empathic Concern [EC] and Personal Distress [PD]) and burnout in medical students. Five successive classes of medical students enrolled at a new medical school were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Davis' Interpersonal Reactivity Index  over the course of three successive  years (n = 353).  Two dimensions of  empathy were evaluated to determine if they have an impact on three dimensions of burnout (Emotional Exhaustion/EE, Depersonalization/DP, Personal Accomplishment/PA). data was analyzed using a linear mixed model for each of the three components of burnout based on gender, age, year in medical school, and two types of empathy: EC, and PD.  Conclusion: It was discovered that students with high levels of EC had statistically lower scores of burnout over time while students with high levels of PD empathy showed statistically higher scores of burnout over three years. Implications for these findings are discussed.

  12. The learning environment and resident burnout: a national study.

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    van Vendeloo, Stefan N; Prins, David J; Verheyen, Cees C P M; Prins, Jelle T; van den Heijkant, Fleur; van der Heijden, Frank M M A; Brand, Paul L P

    2018-04-01

    Concerns exist about the negative impact of burnout on the professional and personal lives of residents. It is suggested that the origins of burnout among residents are rooted in the learning environment. We aimed to evaluate the association between the learning environment and burnout in a national sample of Dutch residents. We conducted a cross-sectional online survey among all Dutch residents in September 2015. We measured the learning environment using the three domain scores on content, organization, and atmosphere from the Scan of Postgraduate Educational Environment Domains (SPEED) and burnout using the Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (UBOS-C). Of 1,231 responding residents (33 specialties), 185 (15.0%) met criteria for burnout. After adjusting for demographic (age, gender and marital status) and work-related factors (year of training, type of teaching hospital and type of specialty), we found a consistent inverse association between SPEED scores and the risk of burnout (aOR 0.54, 95% CI 0.46 to 0.62, p burnout among residents. This suggests that the learning environment is of key importance in preventing resident burnout.

  13. EMOTIONAL BURNOUT SYNDROME: EFFECT ON CLINICAL INERTIA AND MEDICAL PRACTICE STEREOTYPES

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    R. A. Khokhlov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To estimate the prevalence of burnout in primary care physicians and its influence on medical practice stereotypes and on clinical inertia.Material and Methods. The anonymous single-stage poll was carried out among 184 primary care physicians. The questionnaire included information about sex, age, period and conditions of work, established stereotypes of practices. Burnout was evaluated by Russian analog of Maslach Burnout Inventory. It was defined in high level of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and low level of personal accomplishment 11 questions were developed to reveal of suboptimal medical practice (for example, “I do not discuss treatment options with patient and do not give full answers to his questions” or “I make diagnostic and treatment errors despite of my professional knowledge and inexperience”.Results. The burnout syndrome (or extreme grade of emotional burnout occurs in 13,1% and high level of emotional burnout – in 49,7% of primary care physicians. Features of suboptimal medical practice are usually found in 24,2% of primary care physicians at least monthly. It expresses more often in improper attitude to paqtients and their problems associated with a disease. Thus, burnout contributes to improper attitude to patients. Professional burnout affects established work stereotypes and can promote development of physician’s clinical inertia.Conclusion. As the burnout is common among primary care physicians, an adequate monitoring and prevention of this state is necessary in medical labour management.

  14. Prevalence of Burnout in Senior Medical Students of Kashan University of Medical Sciences in 2008

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    G Akkasheh

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Background and Objectives: Burnout is caused by high-stress jobs and could induce somatic, psychological disorders and negative attitude to professional actives so that this condition causes poor relationship with  the patient. This study aimed at investigating burnout in senior medical students of Kashan University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This research was a cross sectional study carried out on all senior medical students (N=56 in 2008. Data were obtained by two questionnaires including demographic questionnaire and Maslach burnout Inventory. They were then analyzed using SPSS software and Chi square Test. Results: The findings showed that the majority of medical students (91.1% had burnout and only 8.9% of them had not burnout. Severe burnout was in 16% of students. There was not any significant relationship between burnout and sex, age, smoking, duration of education, interest in medical course and marital status P<0.05. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that burnout is common problem in senior medical students and need special consideration. Therefore medical students  should be encouraged to seek help and adequate facilities by holding workshops of life-skill training and coping with stress. However, burnout should be paid special attention in medical students by counseling centers of University for prevention of consequences.

     

  15. The effects of personality traits on academic burnout in Korean medical students.

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    Lee, Soo Jin; Choi, Young Jun; Chae, Han

    2017-06-01

    Previous studies suggest that personality traits play an important role in academic burnout. The aim of this study was to investigate how Cloninger's temperament and character traits explain academic burnout in a highly competitive environment of medical school. A total of 184 Korean medical students participated in the survey. The Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory was measured around the beginning of the semester and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey at the end of the semester. The correlations and stepwise regression analysis were conducted to explain the association between personality traits and academic burnout. In addition, latent profile analysis and profile analysis were employed to distinguish and explain differences of personality traits among latent academic burnout subgroups. The higher harm avoidance of temperament and lower self-directedness and cooperativeness of character predicted the subscales of academic burnout in medical students. The Temperament and Character Inventory personality profile of high, middle, and low latent burnout subgroups were significantly different. This study showed that personality might account for the burnout level in medical education. The importance of character dimension for modulating the effects of temperament traits on academic burnout was discussed for future research.

  16. Comparison of burnout pattern between hospital physicians and family physicians working in Suez Canal University Hospitals.

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    Kotb, Amany Ali; Mohamed, Khalid Abd-Elmoez; Kamel, Mohammed Hbany; Ismail, Mosleh Abdul Rahman; Abdulmajeed, Abdulmajeed Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    The burnout syndrome is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. It is associated with impaired job performance. This descriptive study examined 171 physicians for the presence of burnout and its related risk factors. The evaluation of burnout was through Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The participant was considered to meet the study criteria for burnout if he or she got a "high" score on at least 2 of the three dimensions of MBI. In the current study, the prevalence of burnout in hospital physicians (53.9%) was significantly higher than family physicians (41.94%) with (p=0.001). Participants who work in the internal medicine department scored the highest prevalence (69.64%) followed by Surgeons (56.50%) and Emergency doctors (39.39%). On the other hand, Pediatricians got the lowest prevalence (18.75%). Working in the teaching hospital and being married are strong predictors for occurrence of burnout. There is a significant difference of burnout between hospital physicians and family physicians among the study subjects. Working in the teaching hospital and being married are strong predictors for occurrence of burnout.

  17. Correlation between Occupational Stress and Burnout in Rehabilitation Center Employees of Kashan, Iran

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    Sarsangi V.* MSc,

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims Stress is considered as a psychological phenomenon that inflicts human beings in the modern societies. Burnout is a psychological or behavioral state which occurs as individual’s performance quality deteriorates. This study aimed to investigate the level of burnout and occupational stress in Kashan rehabilitating centers staffs. Materials & Methods This descriptive study was done on all 298 nurse assistants of Kashan rehabilitation centers in 2013. Data collected using “Health and Safety Executive Questionnaire (HSE” and “Maslach burnout inventory (MBI”. Data were analyzed by the Excel and SPSS 16 software. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to assess relationship between stress dimension and occupation burnout factors. Findings The average of occupational stress was 3.65±0.51 and the average of burnout was 29.67±4.38. Occupational groups had no significant correlation with occupational stress (p=0.86 but had a significant correlation with burnout (p=0.006. There were significant positive correlations between occupational stress parameters and burnout parameters. Just the peer support of occupational stress had no correlations with success, emotional exhaustion and general burnout. Conclusion Deterioration of stressful parameters in occupational environment can mitigate damaging effects of burnout syndromes.

  18. Comparison of stress, burnout and its association among postgraduate orthodontic and undergraduate students in India

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    VenkateshNettam

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim and Objectives: Stress and burnout are the wave of the present decade and dentists and dental specialists are found repeatedly on top of the charts of the more stressed occupation; however, the prevalence among orthodontic postgraduates in India has not been well researched. The present study aimed to investigate the stress and burnout levels of postgraduate students of orthodontics in India. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate stress and burnout in postgraduate students of orthodontics in India. A stratified randomized sampling method, with stratification as North, East, West, South, and central population was employed. A questionnaire format formulated by the International Stress Management Association, including Maslach burnout inventory was filled by each of these individuals. Results: A total of 284 individuals showed significance for stress and personal accomplishment (PA (P < 0.05 whereas statistically insignificant for genders. There is statistically significance for geographical distribution to depersonalization and PA. The Pearson's correlation is positive for stress and components of burnout in postgraduates and is negative for undergraduates. Conclusion: This study was the first of its kind to explore stress, burnout, and its association among orthodontic postgraduate students and undergraduates in the country. There are significant levels of stress and burnout in both undergraduates and postgraduates. There is a statistically significant positive correlation to the components of burnout found in postgraduates. These findings may help orthodontic community in planning, management, and prevention of stress and burnout.

  19. The Investigation of Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Job Satisfactions with Burnout Level of Academıcıans

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    Mustafa Taşlıyan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The key objective of this study is to ascertain if the emotional intelligence factors vary among some demographic characteristics through exposing the relationships between emotional intelligence factors and job satisfactions with burnout level. For this purpose, a research was conducted on total 291 academic staffs who work in various universities.This research was used a total of three scales were used for data collection. Measure emotional intelligence Chen (2004 and 2006 scale developed by EI12; to measure job satisfaction, D.J Weiss, R. V. Dawis, G.W England, L.H Lofquist developed by the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ-Short Form; to measure Maslach and Jackson burnout level (1981 developed by Maslach Burnou Inventory scale. Findings of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between the subscales of emotional intelligence, job satisfactions and burnout. It was also determined that emotional intelligence factors vary among some demographic characteristics (gender, marital status and age.

  20. Emotional intelligence as a moderator in the stress-burnout relationship: a questionnaire study on nurses.

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    Görgens-Ekermans, Gina; Brand, Tamari

    2012-08-01

    To investigate inter-relationships between emotional intelligence (EI), work stress and burnout in a group of nurses in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. The moderating effect of EI in the stress-burnout relationship and group differences (nurses working in different wards) in burnout were also investigated. Stress and subsequent burnout commonly threaten the occupational health and well-being of nurses in South Africa and elsewhere. Developing EI in nurses may increase individual stress resistance and combat burnout. A cross-sectional research design with anonymous questionnaires was conducted. Self-report data were used. Survey data were collected from 122 nurses working in different wards at four hospitals from a private hospital group. The Swinburne University Emotional Intelligence Test, Sources of Work Stress Inventory and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used to measure EI, stress and burnout, respectively. Consistent inverse relationships between emotional control and management as dimensions of EI, and stress and burnout emerged. A differential effect of high vs. low EI on the stress-burnout relationship was evident. Workload and the work/family interface emerged as significant predictors of burnout. Respondents working in maternity, paediatric and ER wards reported more feelings of personal accomplishment than those working in general wards. Higher EI is significantly related with lower stress and burnout in a sample of South African nurses. The moderator effect of EI in the stress-burnout relationship suggests that enhanced EI may help diminish burnout development when chronic stress is experienced. EI developmental interventions, if introduced in nursing curricula, may increase emotional coping resources and enhanced social skills, which may benefit the long-term occupational health of nurses. This may be relevant in developing countries, where environmental stressors related to the organisational context (budget constraints) and wider social

  1. Exhausted Parents: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Parental Burnout Inventory

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    Roskam, Isabelle; Raes, Marie-Emilie; Mikolajczak, Moïra

    2017-01-01

    Can parents burn out? The aim of this research was to examine the construct validity of the concept of parental burnout and to provide researchers which an instrument to measure it. We conducted two successive questionnaire-based online studies, the first with a community-sample of 379 parents using principal component analyses and the second with a community- sample of 1,723 parents using both principal component analyses and confirmatory factor analyses. We investigated whether the tridimensional structure of the burnout syndrome (i.e., exhaustion, inefficacy, and depersonalization) held in the parental context. We then examined the specificity of parental burnout vis-à-vis professional burnout assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory, parental stress assessed with the Parental Stress Questionnaire and depression assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory. The results support the validity of a tri-dimensional burnout syndrome including exhaustion, inefficacy and emotional distancing with, respectively, 53.96 and 55.76% variance explained in study 1 and study 2, and reliability ranging from 0.89 to 0.94. The final version of the Parental Burnout Inventory (PBI) consists of 22 items and displays strong psychometric properties (CFI = 0.95, RMSEA = 0.06). Low to moderate correlations between parental burnout and professional burnout, parental stress and depression suggests that parental burnout is not just burnout, stress or depression. The prevalence of parental burnout confirms that some parents are so exhausted that the term “burnout” is appropriate. The proportion of burnout parents lies somewhere between 2 and 12%. The results are discussed in light of their implications at the micro-, meso- and macro-levels. PMID:28232811

  2. Exhausted Parents: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Parental Burnout Inventory

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    Isabelle Roskam

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Can parents burn out? The aim of this research was to examine the construct validity of the concept of parental burnout and to provide researchers which an instrument to measure it. We conducted two successive questionnaire-based online studies, the first with a community-sample of 379 parents using principal component analyses and the second with a community- sample of 1,723 parents using both principal component analyses and confirmatory factor analyses. We investigated whether the tridimensional structure of the burnout syndrome (i.e., exhaustion, inefficacy, and depersonalization held in the parental context. We then examined the specificity of parental burnout vis-à-vis professional burnout assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory, parental stress assessed with the Parental Stress Questionnaire and depression assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory. The results support the validity of a tri-dimensional burnout syndrome including exhaustion, inefficacy and emotional distancing with, respectively, 53.96 and 55.76% variance explained in study 1 and study 2, and reliability ranging from 0.89 to 0.94. The final version of the Parental Burnout Inventory (PBI consists of 22 items and displays strong psychometric properties (CFI = 0.95, RMSEA = 0.06. Low to moderate correlations between parental burnout and professional burnout, parental stress and depression suggests that parental burnout is not just burnout, stress or depression. The prevalence of parental burnout confirms that some parents are so exhausted that the term “burnout” is appropriate. The proportion of burnout parents lies somewhere between 2 and 12%. The results are discussed in light of their implications at the micro-, meso- and macro-levels.

  3. Burnout and its association with resilience in nurses: A cross-sectional study.

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    Guo, Yu-Fang; Luo, Yuan-Hui; Lam, Louisa; Cross, Wendy; Plummer, Virginia; Zhang, Jing-Ping

    2018-01-01

    To investigate the prevalence and extent of burnout on nurses and its association with personal resilience. With the worldwide shortage of nurses, nurse burnout is considered one of the main contributing factors and has been the focus of studies in recent years. Given the well-documented high level of burnout among nurses, resilience is expected to be a significant predictor of nurse burnout. The association between burnout and resilience has not previously been investigated extensively. A cross-sectional survey design was selected. A total of 1,061 nurses from six separate three-level hospitals in Hunan Province, China, returned self-reported questionnaires from March-June 2015. Data were collected using a socio-demographic sheet, Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Nurses experienced severe burnout symptoms and showed a moderate level of resilience. Three metrics of burnout had significantly negative correlations with the total score and following variables of resilience. Linear regression analysis showed resilience, especially strength, demographic characteristics (exercise, alcohol use and marital status) and job characteristics (income per month, ratio of patients to nurses, shift work and professional rank) were the main predictors of the three metrics of burnout. The findings of this study may help nurse managers and hospital administrators to have a better understanding of nurse burnout and resilience. The significantly negative relationship between burnout symptoms and resilience has been demonstrated, and this informs the role of resilience in influencing burnout. Adaptable and effective interventions for improving resilience are needed to relieve nurses' burnout and reduce workplace stress. Moreover, nurse managers and hospital administrators should establish an effective management system to cultivate a healthy workplace and adopt positive attitudes and harmonious relationships. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons

  4. Stress Factors Associated With Burnout Among Attending Physicians: A Cross-Sectional Study.

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    Kawamura, Yurika; Takayashiki, Ayumi; Ito, Makoto; Maeno, Takami; Seo, Emiko; Maeno, Tetsuhiro

    2018-03-01

    Burnout in attending physicians is a crucial issue that may negatively impact patient outcomes, as well as affect the quality of training provided to residents. To investigate the association between burnout and stress-coping ability, we conducted a cross-sectional study of attending physicians. From April 2013 to March 2014, we distributed an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire to 1,897 attending physicians who attended teaching-related training sessions and workshops. The questionnaire included the Maslach Burnout Inventory General Survey (MBI-GS, Japanese version) to evaluate burnout; the sense of coherence scale (SOC, Japanese version) to measure stress-coping ability, with higher scores indicating higher stress-coping ability; the Brief Scales for Job Stress (BSJS) to assess stress and buffering factors; demographic factors; mean weekly working hours; and factors related to instructing residents. The MBI-GS was used to determine the presence of physician burnout. Subjects were divided into tertiles based on SOC scores. We conducted logistic regression analysis of burnout using the following independent variables: physician experience, sex, mean weekly working hours, SOC group, mental workload, and reward from work. Of the 1,543 (81.3%) attending physicians who responded, 376 did not meet the inclusion criteria and 106 had missing data, thus 1,061 (55.9%) were analyzed. The prevalence of burnout was 17.2%. Physicians with burnout had significantly fewer years of experience as a doctor (P burnout. On the BSJS, the mean score of all stress factors was higher and that of buffering factors was lower in physicians with burnout (P burnout were 35.7%, 12.8%, and 3.2% in the low, middle, and high SOC groups, respectively (P burnout in the low SOC group was 4.7 (95% confidence interval: 2.31 - 9.63) (P burnout among attending physicians was significantly associated with SOC scores after adjustment for stress factors and buffering factors.

  5. Impact of Burnout on Self-Reported Patient Care Among Emergency Physicians

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    Dave W. Lu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and sense of low personal accomplishment. Emergency physicians (EPs experience the highest levels of burnout among all physicians. Burnout is associated with greater rates of self-reported suboptimal care among surgeons and internists. The association between burnout and suboptimal care among EPs is unknown. The objective of the study was to evaluate burnout rates among attending and resident EPs and examine their relationship with self-reported patient care practices. Methods: In this cross-sectional study burnout was measured at two university-based emergency medicine residency programs with the Maslach Burnout Inventory. We also measured depression, quality of life (QOL and career satisfaction using validated questionnaires. Six items assessed suboptimal care and the frequency with which they were performed. Results: We included 77 out of 155 (49.7% responses. The EP burnout rate was 57.1%, with no difference between attending and resident physicians. Residents were more likely to screen positive for depression (47.8% vs 18.5%, p=0.012 and report lower QOL scores (6.7 vs 7.4 out of 10, p=0.036 than attendings. Attendings and residents reported similar rates of career satisfaction (85.2% vs 87.0%, p=0.744. Burnout was associated with a positive screen for depression (38.6% vs 12.1%, p=0.011 and lower career satisfaction (77.3% vs 97.0%, p=0.02. EPs with high burnout were significantly more likely to report performing all six acts of suboptimal care. Conclusion: A majority of EPs demonstrated high burnout. EP burnout was significantly associated with higher frequencies of self-reported suboptimal care. Future efforts to determine if provider burnout is associated with negative changes in actual patient care are necessary.

  6. Burnout and study engagement among medical students at Sun Yat-sen University, China

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    Liu, Hongchun; Yansane, Alfa Ibrahim; Zhang, Yurong; Fu, Haijun; Hong, Nanrui; Kalenderian, Elsbeth

    2018-01-01

    Abstract This study aims to investigate burnout and study engagement among medical students at Sun Yat-sen University, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among undergraduate medical students of Sun Yat-sen University, China. A total of 453 undergraduate students completed a self-administered, structured questionnaire between January and February, 2016. Burnout and study engagement were measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) and the UTRECHT Work Engagement Scale-Students (UWES-S), respectively. Subjects who scored high in emotional exhaustion subscale, high in cynicism subscale, and low in professional efficacy subscale simultaneously were graded as having high risk of burnout. Independent sample t tests and chi-square tests were used to compare the differences in burnout and work engagement between genders, majors, and grade levels. The means (standard deviations) of the MBI-SS subscales were 3.42 (1.45) for emotional exhaustion, 2.34 (1.64) for cynicism, and 3.04 (1.30) for professional efficacy. The means (standard deviations) of the UWES-S subscales were 3.13 (1.49) for vigor, 3.44 (1.47) for dedication and 3.00 (1.51) for absorption. Approximately 1 in 11 students experienced a high risk of burnout. There were no statistically significant gender differences in burnout and study engagement. There were also no statistically significant differences in burnout and study engagement subscales according to student major. Students in higher grades displayed increased burnout risk, higher mean burnout subscale score of cynicism, lower mean burnout subscale score of professional efficacy, and decreased mean study engagement subscale scores of dedication and absorption. There were strong correlations within study engagement subscales. Chinese medical students in this university experience a high level of burnout. Students at higher-grade level experience more burnout and decreased study engagement compared with students in lower

  7. The influence of trauma and patient characteristics on provider burnout in VA post-traumatic stress disorder specialty programmes.

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    Garcia, Hector A; McGeary, Cindy A; Finley, Erin P; McGeary, Donald D; Ketchum, Norma S; Peterson, Alan L

    2016-03-01

    Prolonged exposure (PE) and cognitive processing therapy (CPT) - post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatments now available at the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) - expose the provider to graphic traumatic material. Little is known about the impact of traumatic material on VHA providers. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between trauma content, patient characteristics, and burnout among VHA PTSD Clinical Team (PCT) providers. It was hypothesized that trauma content and patient characteristics would significantly predict burnout in this population. This cross-sectional study consisted of 137 participants. The sample was mostly female (67%), Caucasian (non-Hispanic; 81%), and married (70%) with a mean age of 44.3 years (SD = 11.3). Participants completed an electronic survey that assessed demographics, patient characteristics (i.e., anger, personality disorder, malingering), trauma content characteristics (e.g., killing of women and children) as well as burnout as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS; Maslach et al., 1996, Burnout inventory manual. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologist Press). Over half of the study population reported being bothered by trauma content; however, trauma content did not predict burnout. Treating patients with personality disorders and suspected malingering predicted burnout in PCT providers. High numbers (77%) reported perceiving that emotional exhaustion impacted the quality of care they provided. These findings suggest an important role of burnout assessment, prevention, and treatment strategies at the VHA. This paper addresses the impact of provider burnout on perceived quality of care. This paper also addresses potential predictors of burnout in PCT settings. This paper outlines potential remedies to provider burnout in the VHA. © 2015 The British Psychological Society.

  8. Síndrome de Burnout em graduandos de Odontologia Burnout syndrome among dental students

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    Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A Síndrome de Burnout caracteriza-se por esgotamento profissional e tem sido relatada em estudantes universitários. O objetivo desse estudo foi estimar a prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em estudantes de Odontologia de uma universidade pública e sua relação com características sociodemográficas. Todos os estudantes (n = 300 foram convidados a participar. Utilizou-se o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach - versão estudantes (MBI-SS. Realizou-se análise das propriedades psicométricas do MBI-SS. Para comparação entre os escores médios das dimensões do Burnout realizou-se Análise de Variância Multivariada (MANOVA seguida de Análise de Variância (ANOVA e testes post-hoc de Tukey. Dos 235 participantes, 72,8% eram mulheres e a média de idade era de 21,0 ± 1,8 anos. O MBI-SS mostrou-se confiável e válido. Dos estudantes, 17,0% apresentaram a Síndrome de Burnout. Verificou-se relação significativa entre a Síndrome de Burnout e o desempenho do estudante no curso (F = 4,433, p The burnout syndrome is characterized by professional exhaustion and has been reported in college students. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome among dentistry students from a public university, and its relationship to socio-demographic characteristics. All students (n = 300 were invited to participate. We used the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Version (MBI-SS. We carried out an analysis of the MBI-SS' psychometric properties. Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA was performed, followed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests to compare the mean scores of burnout dimensions. Of the 235 participants, 72.8% were women and the mean age was 21.0 ± 1.8 years. The MBI-SS was reliable and valid. Of the students, 17.0% had Burnout Syndrome. There was a significant relation between Burnout Syndrome and a student's performance during the course (F = 4.433, p < 0.001, medication intake because of

  9. Docencia, investigación y burnout: el síndrome del quemado en profesores universitarios de Contabilidad

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    José Luis Arquero

    2013-06-01

    El valor añadido del trabajo estriba en que demuestra que las mediciones realizadas con los instrumentos usuales no son válidas para la población de profesores universitarios, ya que proporcionan una visión incompleta y orientada a la actividad que menos influye en el nivel de SQT.

  10. Quantifying Burnout among Emergency Medicine Professionals.

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    Wilson, William; Raj, Jeffrey Pradeep; Narayan, Girish; Ghiya, Murtuza; Murty, Shakuntala; Joseph, Bobby

    2017-01-01

    Burnout is a syndrome explained as serious emotional depletion with poor adaptation at work due to prolonged occupational stress. It has three principal components namely emotional exhaustion(EE), depersonalization(DP) and diminished feelings of personal accomplishment(PA). Thus, we aimed at measuring the degree of burnout in doctors and nurses working in emergency medicine department (EMD) of 4 select tertiary care teaching hospitals in South India. A cross sectional survey was conducted among EMD professionals using a 30-item standardized pilot tested questionnaire as well as the Maslach burnout inventory. Univariate and Multivariate analyses were conducted using binary logistic regression models to identify predictors of burnout. Total number of professionals interviewed were 105 of which 71.5% were women and 51.4% were doctors. Majority (78.1%) belonged to the age group 20-30 years. Prevalence of moderate to severe burnout in the 3 principal components EE, DP and PA were 64.8%, 71.4% and 73.3% respectively. After multivariate analysis, the risk factors [adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) for DP included facing more criticism [3.57(1.25,10.19)], disturbed sleep [6.44(1.45,28.49)] and being short tempered [3.14(1.09,9.09)]. While there were no statistically significant risk factors for EE, being affected by mortality [2.35(1.12,3.94)] and fear of medication errors [3.61(1.26, 10.37)] appeared to be significant predictors of PA. Degree of burn out among doctors and nurses is moderately high in all of the three principal components and some of the predictors identified were criticism, disturbed sleep, short tempered nature, fear of committing errors and witnessing death in EMD.

  11. Quantifying Burnout among Emergency Medicine Professionals

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    William Wilson

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Burnout is a syndrome explained as serious emotional depletion with poor adaptation at work due to prolonged occupational stress. It has three principal components namely emotional exhaustion(EE, depersonalization(DP and diminished feelings of personal accomplishment(PA. Thus, we aimed at measuring the degree of burnout in doctors and nurses working in emergency medicine department (EMD of 4 select tertiary care teaching hospitals in South India. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among EMD professionals using a 30-item standardized pilot tested questionnaire as well as the Maslach burnout inventory. Univariate and Multivariate analyses were conducted using binary logistic regression models to identify predictors of burnout. Results: Total number of professionals interviewed were 105 of which 71.5% were women and 51.4% were doctors. Majority (78.1% belonged to the age group 20-30 years. Prevalence of moderate to severe burnout in the 3 principal components EE, DP and PA were 64.8%, 71.4% and 73.3% respectively. After multivariate analysis, the risk factors [adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence intervals for DP included facing more criticism [3.57(1.25,10.19], disturbed sleep [6.44(1.45,28.49] and being short tempered [3.14(1.09,9.09]. While there were no statistically significant risk factors for EE, being affected by mortality [2.35(1.12,3.94] and fear of medication errors [3.61(1.26, 10.37] appeared to be significant predictors of PA. Conclusion: Degree of burn out among doctors and nurses is moderately high in all of the three principal components and some of the predictors identified were criticism, disturbed sleep, short tempered nature, fear of committing errors and witnessing death in EMD.

  12. Predictors of Burnout Syndrome in Dentistry Students

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    Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available AimTo estimate the contribution of social support and demographic factors in the development of burnout syndrome in dentistry students.MethodA total of 169 Brazilian students participated via internet. For identification of the syndrome, we used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-SS. Social support was assessed by the Satisfaction with Social Support Scale (ESSS. The validity and reliability of the instruments were estimated. To check the effect of variables on burnout syndrome, linear regression using structural equation modelling (SEM was performed to estimate causal trajectories (β.ResultsThe participants’ mean average age was 21.6 (SD = 3.3 years, 64.5% were female and 59.2% were enrolled in private schools. An appropriate adjustment of the instruments’ factor models to sample was observed (MBI-SS: χ²/df = 2.173, CFI = .943; GFI = .888; RMSEA = .084; ESSS: χ²/df = 2.378, CFI = .904; GFI = .888; RMSEA = .091. The reliability of the scales was adequate (MBI-SS: α = .799-.903; ESSS: α = .653-.799. The model explained 33% of the variation of burnout with a significant contribution of social support (ESSS (β = -.136, p = .042, gender (β = -.186, p = .005, housing (β = .124, p = .050, student performance in the course (β = -.293, p ≤ .001 and the thought of quitting the course (β = .333, p ≤ .001.ConclusionSocial support and demographic variables may play an important role in the burnout syndrome and therefore should be considered when implementing preventive actions and/or interventions (self-help or guided in college students.

  13. The Impact of Solution-Focused Brief Group Psychological Counseling on University Students’ Burnout Levels

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    Azmi Bayram Ilbay

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This research was done to analyze the effects of Coping with Burnout Program, developed on the basis of Solution-Focused Brief Therapy on the burnout levels of university students. To select the subjects that would participate in the research, Maslach Burnout Inventory­­–Student Survey was applied on 461 university students from the University of Sakarya. As a result of pre-interviews, 24 students who had experienced student burnout voluntarily participated in a Coping with Burnout Program. The students were randomly appointed to one of the experimental and control groups. At this stage, a six-session Coping with Burnout Program developed by the researcher was applied on the students from the experimental group. No application was performed on the students from the control group. A 2x3 design (experimental/ control groups X pretest/ posttest/ follow up was used in the research. The scores from the Maslach Burnout Inventory–Student Survey formed the dependent variable of the research, and the application of Coping with Burnout Program formed the independent variable of the research. The scale used in the research was applied on the groups as pretest two weeks before the sessions started, and as posttest two weeks after the sessions ended, and as follow-up two months after the posttest in order to determine the resistance of the experimental process. In the analysis of the data obtained through these processes, two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA was used to determine whether or not there was a significant difference between groups and the survey. The data obtained through the research proved that the Coping with Burnout Program decreased the burnout levels of the students in the experimental group as were determined with the Maslach Burnout Inventory–Student Survey, and follow up tests showed that the situation remained the same. It was seen that there was no significant difference between the scores of the participants of the control

  14. El burnout en la profesión docente: un estudio en la escuela de bioanálisis de la Universidad de Carabobo Sede Aragua, Venezuela

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    Ekaterina Bustamante

    Full Text Available Introducción: El Síndrome de Burnout se ha definido como una respuesta al estrés laboral crónico. Debido a la importancia de la labor realizada por los docentes, y los altos niveles de estrés que esta profesión genera, con los agravantes de la presencia de factores externos personales y organizacionales que puedan estar presentes, se hace evidente la necesidad de estudiar en los docentes el síndrome de burnout. Objetivo: Determinar los niveles del síndrome de burnout existentes en el personal docente de la Escuela de Bioanálisis de la Universidad de Carabobo Sede Aragua, Venezuela. Material y métodos: Estudio de campo de tipo descriptivo y documental. La población estuvo constituida por un total de 96 docentes (ordinarios y contratados. Para la selección de la muestra se empleó un muestreo de tipo no probabilístico de carácter intencional, y quedó representada por un total de 78 docentes. Los datos fueron recolectados por medio de un cuestionario, la versión en español del Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. Los datos, fueron analizados usando el programa estadístico Minitab 16 y siguiendo los criterios del Manual de EEUU de Maslach y Jackson en cuanto a los puntos de corte para las dimensiones que mide el cuestionario. Resultados: Se obtuvo un 57,69% de respuesta. Se encontró que el 16% de los docentes bajo estudio presenta el síndrome de burnout; mientras que en el resto de los docentes hubo un predominio de niveles medios en las dimensiones Agotamiento Emocional (53%, Despersonalización (33% y Realización Personal (55%. Conclusión: Se concluye que la población bajo estudio, solo presentan el síndrome el 16% de los docentes. Sin embargo en la mayoría de los docentes, hubo un predominio de niveles medios para las dimensiones Agotamiento Emocional, Despersonalización y Realización personal. Según esta combinación de niveles, si no se toman las medidas preventivas para su afrontamiento estos docentes pueden llegar a

  15. Predictors of burnout among correctional mental health professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallavan, Deanna B; Newman, Jody L

    2013-02-01

    This study focused on the experience of burnout among a sample of correctional mental health professionals. We examined the relationship of a linear combination of optimism, work family conflict, and attitudes toward prisoners with two dimensions derived from the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Professional Quality of Life Scale. Initially, three subscales from the Maslach Burnout Inventory and two subscales from the Professional Quality of Life Scale were subjected to principal components analysis with oblimin rotation in order to identify underlying dimensions among the subscales. This procedure resulted in two components accounting for approximately 75% of the variance (r = -.27). The first component was labeled Negative Experience of Work because it seemed to tap the experience of being emotionally spent, detached, and socially avoidant. The second component was labeled Positive Experience of Work and seemed to tap a sense of competence, success, and satisfaction in one's work. Two multiple regression analyses were subsequently conducted, in which Negative Experience of Work and Positive Experience of Work, respectively, were predicted from a linear combination of optimism, work family conflict, and attitudes toward prisoners. In the first analysis, 44% of the variance in Negative Experience of Work was accounted for, with work family conflict and optimism accounting for the most variance. In the second analysis, 24% of the variance in Positive Experience of Work was accounted for, with optimism and attitudes toward prisoners accounting for the most variance.

  16. Burnout syndrome in first to sixth-year medical students at a private university in the north of Mexico: descriptive cross-sectional study.

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    Asencio-López, Laura; Almaraz-Celis, Guillermo Daniel; Carrillo Maciel, Vicente; Huerta Valenzuela, Paola; Silva Goytia, Luis; Muñoz Torres, Marcos; Monroy Caballero, Fernando; Regalado Tapia, Joel; Dipp Martin, Kerigma; López Miranda, Dinorah; Medina Lavenant, Clyvia; Pizarro Rodríguez, Karen; Santiago Martínez, Cesar; Saucedo Aparicio, Alma Geovanna; Flores Lepe, Rodolfo

    2016-04-25

    Burnout syndrome is a three-dimensional clinical syndrome caused by stress at work. It is frequent in professions which require direct contact with people. In Mexico, the presence of Burnout Syndrome in doctors and medical students, is characterized as a threat to their health, quality of life and professional performance. To evaluate the prevalence of burnout syndrome in students of years 1 through 6 of medical school at a private university in northern Mexico. Cross-sectional study in the Escuela de Medicina Campus Laguna de la Universidad Autónoma de Durango. The one-dimensional scale of Burnout Student (EUBE) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were applied to the participants. SPSS 19 was used to analyze the data. Of the 344 students, 255 participated; 153 from years 1 to 3 (group 1); and 72 from years 4 to 6 (group 2). We found that 94.1% of the students of group 1 had mild burnout syndrome, and 2.8% had moderate burnout syndrome. In Group 2, 27.8% had moderate burnout syndrome, and 8.3% had severe burnout syndrome. The prevalence of severe burnout syndrome was higher in group 2 than in group 1 (p=0.02). Burnout syndrome affects medical students across all stages of their studies, and develops in a progressive way. In our study, external factors have no influence on the development of burnout syndrome.

  17. From Teacher Burnout to Student Burnout

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    PP, Noushad

    2008-01-01

    Originally, Burnout was a common work related phenomena resulting of severe stress. Burnout is considered to be a long-term stress reaction that particularly occurs among professionals who work with people in some capacity--like teachers, nurses, or social workers. Although various definitions of burnout exist, it is most commonly described as a…

  18. Estar quemado (burnout y su relación con el afrontamiento

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    G. Lastenia Hernández Zamora

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio correlacional forma parte de una investigación sobre el constructo de “estar quemado” tal y como lo entendieron inicialmente Maslach y Jackson. En este trabajo nos centramos en la relación que el constructo tiene con el afrontamiento. Se aplicó el Cuestionario de Burnout para enfermería (CBE de Hernández, Olmedo y Fernández y el Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WOCQ de Folkman y Lazarus a una muestra de personal sanitario de 222 participantes, de los cuales 187 son mujeres y 35 son varones. Los resultados de los análisis correlacionales, de regresión múltiples y los efectuados para grupos criterio (“altos” frente a “bajos” en los factores de “estar quemado” indican pocas relaciones y de escasa magnitud entre los dos constructos, si bien estos van en la línea de trabajos previos planteándose la necesidad de recurrir a otras variables de tipo personal para explicar el fenómeno del “estar quemado”.

  19. Stress of conscience and perceptions of conscience in relation to burnout among care-providers in older people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juthberg, Christina; Eriksson, Sture; Norberg, Astrid; Sundin, Karin

    2008-07-01

    The aim was to study the relationship between conscience and burnout among care-providers in older care, exploring the relationship between stress of conscience and burnout, and between perceptions of conscience and burnout. Everyday work in healthcare presents situations that influence care-providers' conscience. How care-providers perceive conscience has been shown to be related to stress of conscience (stress related to troubled conscience), and in county council care, an association between stress of conscience and burnout has been found. A questionnaire study was conducted in municipal housing for older people. A total of 166 care-providers were approached, of which 146 (50 registered nurses and 96 nurses' aides/enrolled nurses) completed a questionnaire folder containing the stress of conscience questionnaire, the perceptions of conscience questionnaire and the maslach burnout inventory. Multivariate canonical correlation analysis was used to explore relationships. The relationship between stress of conscience and burnout indicates that experiences of shortcomings and of being exposed to contradictory demands are strongly related to burnout (primarily to emotional exhaustion). The relationship between perceptions of conscience and burnout indicates that a deadened conscience is strongly related to burnout. Conscience seems to be of importance in relation to burnout, and suppressing conscience may result in a profound loss of wholeness, integrity and harmony in the self. The results from our study could be used to raise awareness of the importance of conscience in care.

  20. Factors related to burnout among Chinese female hospital nurses: cross-sectional survey in Liaoning Province of China.

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    Wu, Hui; Liu, Li; Sun, Wei; Zhao, Xue; Wang, Jiana; Wang, Lie

    2014-07-01

    To explore the factors associated with burnout among female hospital nurses in China. Burnout has been a major concern in the field of occupational health, and yet there has been little research exploring the factors related to burnout among Chinese nurses. Exploring the factors associated with burnout is important in improving nurses' health and the quality of health care services in China. The study population consisted of 1845 female hospital nurses in the Liaoning Province of China. Burnout was measured using the Chinese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey; occupational stress was measured using the Chinese versions of the Job Content Questionnaire and Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire. A general linear regression model was applied to analyse the factors associated with burnout. Mean scores (±SD) were 11.74 (7.14) for emotional exhaustion, 7.12 (5.67) for cynicism and 23.34 (9.60) for self-efficacy. Strong extrinsic effort was the most powerful predictor of emotional exhaustion and cynicism; strong psychological job demands were the most robust predictor of low self-efficacy. The findings suggest that occupational stress was strongly related to burnout among female hospital nurses in China. Occupational stress was identified as the most robust predictor of burnout among Chinese female hospital nurses. Reducing burnout among nurses working in China may require health education, health promotion and occupational training programmes aimed at improving work situations and reducing occupational stress. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. The relationship between burnout and mental health among nurses

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    Abdi masooleh F

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Burnout is one of the most important factors in reduced productivity in organizations and involves physical and mental signs, especially in the human service professions. The role of nurses in the healthcare system is vital and motivation to ensure health security is extremely important. We carried out this research to examine the relationship between burnout and mental health in the nursing staff of educational hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 nurses selected via probable multistage sampling. We used three instruments in this study: 1 demographic questionnaire 2 General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28 and 3 Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI.Results: On the whole, using the MBI subscale, we found low levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and high levels of reduced sense of personal accomplishment, both in frequency and intensity. The prevalence of symptomatic samples in the GHQ-28 was 43%, and two variables, burnout and poor mental health, were related (p<0.001. Burnout was to be related to gender, age and years of work. The correlation between poor mental health and years of work as well as hours of work in a week were significant. Conclusions: Our results suggest that there is a strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout. Furthermore, the prevalence of symptomatic samples detected in our study using the GHQ-28 was much higher than that reported in studies of the general population. The high prevalence of symptomatic samples and high prevalence of burnout in the dimension of self accomplishment, especially in younger nurses, combined with the strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout all show that care should be taken to improve the stressful conditions that nurses face.

  2. Burnout, coping, and spirituality among internal medicine resident physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doolittle, Benjamin R; Windish, Donna M; Seelig, Charles B

    2013-06-01

    Burnout in physicians is common, and studies show a prevalence of 30% to 78%. Identifying constructive coping strategies and personal characteristics that protect residents against burnout may be helpful for reducing errors and improving physician satisfaction. We explored the complex relationships between burnout, behaviors, emotional coping, and spirituality among internal medicine and internal medicine-pediatrics residents. We anonymously surveyed 173 internal medicine and medicine-pediatrics residents to explore burnout, coping, and spiritual attitudes. We used 3 validated survey instruments: the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Carver Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (COPE) Inventory, and the Hatch Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale (SIBS). A total of 108 (63%) residents participated, with 31 (28%) reporting burnout. Residents who employed strategies of acceptance, active coping, and positive reframing had lower emotional exhaustion and depersonalization (all, P < .03). Residents who reported denial or disengagement had higher emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores. Personal accomplishment was positively correlated with the SIBS total score (r  =  +.28, P  =  .003), as well as the internal/fluid domain (r  =  +.32, P  =  .001), existential axes (r  =  +.32, P  =  .001), and humility/personal application domain (r  =  +.23, P  =  .02). The humility/personal application domain also was negatively correlated with emotional exhaustion (r  =  -.20, P  =  .04) and depersonalization (r  =  -.25, P  =  .009). No activity or demographic factor affected any burnout domain. Burnout is a heterogeneous syndrome that affects many residents. We identified a range of emotional and spiritual coping strategies that may have protective benefit.

  3. Professional burnout and its correlates in Lithuanian neurosurgeons.

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    Pranckeviciene, Aiste; Tamasauskas, Arimantas; Deltuva, Vytenis Pranas; Bunevicius, Adomas

    2016-08-01

    This study aimed to evaluate prevalence and severity of professional burnout in a sample of Lithuanian neurosurgeons and to analyze its personal, interpersonal, and organizational correlates. Thirty-one out of 79 (response rate 39 %) Lithuanian neurosurgeons participated in the study. Professional burnout was evaluated using the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey. Participants also answered questions about professional stressors, sources of professional dissatisfaction, life-style factors, sickness absenteeism/presenteeism, and professional practice. The majority of neurosurgeons were between 41 and 60 years of age (48 %), were married (97 %), had children (84 %). Most neurosurgeons had 20 or more years of professional experience (54.9 %), worked from 41 to 60 h per week (58 %), and performed up to 150 surgeries per year (77.4 %). Eight (26 %) neurosurgeons reported a high level of emotional exhaustion, five (16 %) reported high level of cynicism, and eight (26 %) reported low professional efficacy. Correlation analyses revealed that higher number of surgeries per year, more hours devoted to clinical work, opportunities for professional development, intellectual challenges at work, appreciation by the patients and prestige of the profession were related to lower level of burnout. Greater general workload, unpredictability of the work schedule, lack of necessary technical equipment, dissatisfaction with colleagues, and uncertainty about the future were related to a higher level of burnout. Burnout was reported by one-quarter of neurosurgeons who chose to participate in the study. Personal, interpersonal, and organizational factors arising while fulfilling professional duties were important correlates of neurosurgeons' burnout. Due to the moderate response rate, our results should be interpreted with caution. Larger studies evaluating burnout among European neurosurgeons are needed.

  4. Burnout Syndrome of Teachers

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    Semrádová, Michaela

    2013-01-01

    The bachelor's thesis covers burnout syndrome of teachers. Defines burnout syndrome, describes its causes and symptoms. Describes teaching as helping profession and focousing on stressful situations at school. In the last chapter described different prevention strategies burnout syndrome. Key words: burnout syndrome, teaching, teacher, helping professions, beginning teacher, stress

  5. [Stress and burnout among Tunisian teachers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chennoufi, L; Ellouze, F; Cherif, W; Mersni, M; M'rad, M F

    2012-12-01

    Burnout, or professional exhaustion syndrome, is defined as a state of emotional, mental and physical exhaustion caused by excessive and prolonged stress at work. Despite the fact that it is not a recognized disorder in the DSM-IV, burnout has been widely described among medical and paramedical staff. In Tunisia, all the studies about this syndrome have only considered populations of doctors. However, professional exhaustion syndrome is not only limited to the medical sector, but can also be seen in any profession involving a relation of help. Thus, the teaching profession seems to be concerned with this syndrome. In fact, in our clinical practice, we are increasingly confronted with teachers' suffering. The latter face increasing difficulties in their work and moreover some of them can no longer resist and thus become vulnerable to the professional exhaustion syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate burnout among a population of Tunisian teachers and to examine the professional stressors associated with teachers' burnout. Our study was a transversal study conducted over five months (from October 2009 to February 2010) and it concerned teachers working in the public high schools of Manouba (Tunisia). The participants completed a self-questionnaire dealing with professional stressors. Five types of professional stressors were identified in the literature: bad working conditions, work overload, administrative difficulties, organizational factors and difficulties with pupils and their relatives. They were also explored by the scale of the burnout: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), which is the best-studied measurement of burnout in the literature. We used the French version of the MBI adapted to educational settings. It is a scale composed of 22 items and three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (nine items), dehumanization (five items) and reduced personal accomplishment (eight items). In our study, we considered a teacher was suffering from burnout when at

  6. Relationship between organizational climate and burnout syndrome in the emergency service of a hospital Category III-2. Lima, Peru 2015

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    Zenaida Solís Chuquiyaur

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the relationship between organizational climate and Burnout Syndrome among nursing professionals of the Emergency Service in a Hospital Category III-2. Material and methods: quantitative, prospective, correlational cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 43 nurses, using a non-probability sampling for convenience. For analysis and study of the variables, Rensis Likert scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. Results: The organizational climate was average level (81.4% followed by a high level (18.6% and the Burnout Syndrome corresponds to low level (86% and medium (14% level. The relationship between organizational climate and Burnout Syndrome was low (rho = -0.11. Conclusions: In the Emergency Service, the level of organizational climate was fairly favorable with absence of Burnout Syndrome among nursing professionals. There is not significant relationship between the two variables.

  7. Factores asociados al desgaste profesional en los trabajadores del soporte vital básico del País Vasco: Un estudio cualitativo

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    Sendoa Ballesteros Peña

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Identificar factores de riesgo de desgaste profesional percibidos por los técnicos en emergencias sanitarias de las unidades de soporte vital básico del País Vasco. Metodología: Investigación cualitativa realizada mediante análisis de discurso en ocho entrevistas individuales a trabajadores del soporte vital básico con puntuaciones compatibles con afectación por desgaste profesional en el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach. Las variables estructurales tenidas en cuenta para la elección de los participantes fueron la antigüedad profesional (superior o inferior a 10 años y el centro de trabajo. Resultados: Los trabajadores presentan disconformidad con la actual estructura organizacional del sistema de emergencias y falta de proyección y reconocimiento de su rol profesional. Además manifiestan un progresivo distanciamiento afectivo para con los pacientes, con quienes ha aumentado el número de enfrentamientos debidos a dificultades de entendimiento causadas por situaciones de inadecuación del uso de los recursos asistenciales. Conclusiones: La estructura de organización del sistema de emergencias, el trato con el paciente y su familia y la situación profesional del técnico en emergencias son percibidos como elementos clave predisponentes de desgaste profesional.

  8. JUDGMENT OF EXPERTS FOR THE VALIDATION OF AN INSTRUMENT OF MEASUREMENT OF BURNOUT SYNDROME IN TEACHING

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    Judith Araceli Dorantes-Nova

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies are proof of the importance of burnout syndrome, considered as one of the "occupational disease" worldwide. International organizations have been given the task of investigating the triggers and psychosocial involvement of workers in their working environment, however, among all sectors that have been analyzed, in teaching there is still a gap, this study, which purpose is to validate, by expert judgment, the contents of a diagnostic instrument of burnout syndrome in the current context of teachers, the factors involved in the detection of this disease are explored, taking as main reference features Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, but with a higher level of analysis and strength in Mexican stage. It validates the agreement and consistency of the items that assess levels of job satisfaction, product of organizational climate of the school, as factors affecting the appearance of burnout syndrome. The concordance coefficient W Kendall is used to measure the degree of correlation and internal consistency of variables among experts.

  9. Relations among social support, burnout, and experiences of anger: an investigation among emergency nurses.

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    Ersoy-Kart, Müge

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to determine whether social support, burnout, and anger expression are related with each other among emergency nurses working in private- or public-sector hospitals. The sample consisted of 100 emergency nurses working in the private or public sector in Ankara, Turkey. The Maslach Burnout Inventory, The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and The Trait-Anger and Anger Expression Scale were used. The results demonstrated that social support did not differentiate among the nurses working in the private sector or in the public sector according to the burnout subscales' scores. However, nurses in the private sector find it more difficult to express their anger. The state-trait anger levels of the nurses differ according to the burnout levels and also according to the sector that they are working in. The congruence between this study's findings and the literature is discussed.

  10. [Nurses and burnout: a survey in an Emergency Department in the Lazio Region].

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    Aleandri, Angela; Sansoni, Julita

    2006-01-01

    Nowadays, burnout represents a growing phenomenon in technologically advanced countries, so much so that there is now abundant literature available on this topic. The aim of our study was to assess the level of burnout in a group of 108 nurses working in an Emergency Department by means of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. This instrument is based on the concept that burnout presents 3 basic features: Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Depersonalization (DP) and Personal Achievement (PA). Results showed that a significant relationship exists between EE and DP, the working environment and the same social-demographic features, while the PA sub-scale was not found to be dependent on any of the social-demographic characteristics.

  11. Moral distress and Burnout syndrome: are there relationships between these phenomena in nursing workers?1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalmolin, Graziele de Lima; Lunardi, Valéria Lerch; Lunardi, Guilherme Lerch; Barlem, Edison Luiz Devos; da Silveira, Rosemary Silva

    2014-01-01

    Objective to identify relationships between moral distress and Burnout in the professional performance from the perceptions of the experiences of nursing workers. Methods this is a survey type study with 375 nursing workers working in three different hospitals of southern Rio Grande do Sul, with the application of adaptations of the Moral Distress Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, validated and standardized for use in Brazil. Data validation occurred through factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha. For the data analysis bivariate analysis using Pearson's correlation and multivariate analysis using multiple regression were performed. Results the existence of a weak correlation between moral distress and Burnout was verified. A possible positive correlation between Burnout and therapeutic obstinacy, and a negative correlation between professional fulfillment and moral distress were identified. Conclusion the need was identified for further studies that include mediating and moderating variables that may explain more clearly the models studied. PMID:24553701

  12. Moral distress and burnout syndrome: are there relationships between these phenomena in nursing workers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalmolin, Graziele de Lima; Lunardi, Valéria Lerch; Lunardi, Guilherme Lerch; Barlem, Edison Luiz Devos; Silveira, Rosemary Silva da

    2014-01-01

    to identify relationships between moral distress and Burnout in the professional performance from the perceptions of the experiences of nursing workers. this is a survey type study with 375 nursing workers working in three different hospitals of southern Rio Grande do Sul, with the application of adaptations of the Moral Distress Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, validated and standardized for use in Brazil. Data validation occurred through factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha. For the data analysis bivariate analysis using Pearson's correlation and multivariate analysis using multiple regression were performed. the existence of a weak correlation between moral distress and Burnout was verified. A possible positive correlation between Burnout and therapeutic obstinacy, and a negative correlation between professional fulfillment and moral distress were identified. the need was identified for further studies that include mediating and moderating variables that may explain more clearly the models studied.

  13. The Relationship between Burnout and Trait Emotional Intelligence among Secondary School Teachers in Malaysia

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    Nur Sakinah Thomas

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the relationship between Burnout and Trait Emotional Intelligence (TEI among 30 secondary school teachers in Malaysia. The participants were administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator's Survey (MBI-ES which breaks burnout into three subscales: Emotional Exhaustion (EE, Depersonalization (DP, and Personal Accomplishment (PA. The TEIQue-SF self report questionnaire was also used to elicit information on the respondents’ EI. Descriptive Statistics, including mean and standard deviation, was used to analyze the data. Pearson Correlation Analysis was also used to analyze the correlation between the teachers’ Burnout and TEI scores. Guilford’s (1973 Rule of Thumb was used to determine the strength of the relationship. The results showed significant correlation only between Depersonalization (DP and TEI. Implications of the study are discussed, and suggestions are given for further research.

  14. Exploring the Relationship between Burnout and Critical Thinking Skills among Iranian University Professors Teaching TEFL

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    Hossein Khodabakhshzadeh

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The profession as a teacher involves experiencing a number of challenges which naturally lead to emotional tiredness and lack of reward, technically known as burnout (Colomeischi, 2015. The goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between burnout and critical thinking ability. To this end, a sample of 40 professors of Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL filed at a number of universities in Iran was chosen. Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was employed to assess the participants' burnout level, which is specifically evaluated by measuring three subscales of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal achievement. In addition, the measures of the participants' critical thinking skills were obtained via Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA. The Pearson correlation coefficient analysis indicated that emotional exhaustion and depersonalization strongly and negatively correlated with critical thinking ability. However, a strong and positive relationship was found between personal achievement and critical thinking skills.

  15. [Evaluation of burnout syndrome among doctors in training at the Ibn Rochd University Hospital, Casablanca].

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Kettani, Assiya; Serhier, Zineb; Othmani, Mohammed Bennani; Agoub, Mohamed; Battas, Omar

    2017-01-01

    We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of a sample of 300 physicians using self-administered questionnaire over the period 2013- 2014. Burnout has been operationally defined through a French translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). A total of 191 physicians participated in the study (response rate 63.7%) with a female predominance at 79.1% and an average age of 26.7 years (N = 3). The average scores of sub-dimensions of the MBI: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfilment were (33.7±10.7), (12.2±6.5) and (30.6±8.3) respectively. 31.8% of participants suffered from severe burnout. It was associated with communication problems within the healthcare team (p burnout (p<0.05). These results are consistent with those of previous studies and justify the importance of a prevention program at different levels.

  16. [Prevalence of burnout syndrome in health professionals of an onco-hematological pediatric hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanatta, Aline Bedin; Lucca, Sergio Roberto de

    2015-04-01

    To identify the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome in medical professionals, nurses and nursing technicians working in an Onco-Hematological Pediatric Hospital in São Paulo. An exploratory, descriptive study with cross-sectional design and quantitative approach, with a sample of 188 health professionals. Data were collected using two self-report instruments: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) which is a biosocial data form, and a non-participant observation guide. High depersonalization for nurses (29.8%), low job performance for physicians (27.8%), and of nursing technicians (25.5%). High scores were identified in at least two domains of Burnout in 19.2% of nurses, 16.8% of nursing technicians, and 16.6% of doctors. Health professionals are highly vulnerable to each of the dimensions of Burnout syndrome - namely emotional exhaustion, alienation, and low job performance/satisfaction- in the hospital work.

  17. Prevalence of Burnout syndrome in health professionals of an onco-hematological pediatric hospital

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    Aline Bedin Zanatta

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To identify the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome in medical professionals, nurses and nursing technicians working in an Onco-Hematological Pediatric Hospital in São Paulo. METHOD An exploratory, descriptive study with cross-sectional design and quantitative approach, with a sample of 188 health professionals. Data were collected using two self-report instruments: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS which is a biosocial data form, and a non-participant observation guide. RESULTS High depersonalization for nurses (29.8%, low job performance for physicians (27.8%, and of nursing technicians (25.5%. High scores were identified in at least two domains of Burnout in 19.2% of nurses, 16.8% of nursing technicians, and 16.6% of doctors. CONCLUSION Health professionals are highly vulnerable to each of the dimensions of Burnout syndrome - namely emotional exhaustion, alienation, and low job performance/satisfaction- in the hospital work.

  18. Commitment to philosophy, teacher efficacy, and burnout among teachers of children with autism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennett, Heather K; Harris, Sandra L; Mesibov, Gary B

    2003-12-01

    Variables that may be related to burnout in teachers of students with autism, including commitment to an underlying philosophy of a treatment and professional self-efficacy, were explored. Teachers using one of two different treatment approaches to autism participated: those using Applied Behavior Analysis (n = 34), and those using TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-Related Handicapped Children) (n = 30). Participants completed the Autism Treatment Philosophy Questionnaire, developed by the authors to differentiate between the philosophy of the approaches; Teacher Efficacy Scale, and Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results indicate a significant difference in philosophical commitment between the groups, but no differences in teaching efficacy or burnout. The relationship between a commitment to one's teaching approach and certain dimensions of teaching efficacy and burnout was found to be significant. Implications include the need for adequate training of teachers of students with autism.

  19. Workplace violence and its effect on burnout and turnover attempt among Chinese medical staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shiying; Lin, Shaowei; Ruan, Qishuang; Li, Huangyuan; Wu, Siying

    2016-11-01

    The present study was to evaluate workplace violence and examine its effect on job burnout and turnover attempt among medical staff in China. A total of 2,020 medical employees were selected from Fujian province by using stratified cluster sampling method. The Chinese version of the Workplace Violence Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey were used to measure the workplace violence and job burnout, respectively. Other potential influencing factors for job burnout and turnover attempt were collected using a structured questionnaire. The incidence of workplace violence among medical staff was 48.0%. Workplace violence had a positive correlation with emotional exhaustion and cynicism and a negative correlation with professional efficacy. Workplace violence, marital status, employment type, working time (≥ 10 h/day), performance recognition, and life satisfaction were significant predictors for turnover attempt among Chinese medical staff.

  20. Toward validating the Italian version of the "Spanish Burnout Inventory": a preliminary study

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    Sara Viotti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractOBJECTIVEThe aim of this study was to develop the Italian version of the Spanish Burnout Inventory (SBI and to examine its psychometric properties within a sample of nursing staff.METHODThe study was cross-sectional and not randomized. The data were gathered using an anonymous, self-report questionnaire. The sample consisted of 391 staff nurses employed in three hospitals in the Northern Region of Italy To evaluate burnout, the SBI and the Maslach Burnout Inventory were administered.RESULTSAn Exploratory Factor Analysis showed a four-factor structure close to the expected one. All Cronbach's alpha values were satisfactory. Furthermore, correlations support the concurrent validity.CONCLUSIONOverall, the results of this study provided evidence that the SBI is an adequate instrument to study burnout in the Italian nursing sample and indicated the feeling of guilt as an important dimension to gauge the structure of this phenomenon.

  1. Burnout among Swedish school teachers – a cross-sectional analysis

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    Inger Arvidsson

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Teachers are at high risk of stress-related disorders. This study aimed to examine the occurrence of burnout in a sample of Swedish school-teachers, to test a combined measure of three burnout dimensions on the individual level, to characterize associations between burnout and factors encountered during work and leisure time, and to explore any differences between the genders. Methods A questionnaire of occupational, sociodemographic and life-style factors was answered by 490 teachers in school years 4–9. Outcome measures were (a the single burnout dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism and professional efficacy (Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, and (b a combined measure based on high or low values in the three dimensions. The combined measure was used to stratify the study population into four levels (0–3 of burnout. Multivariable Poisson regression was applied on level 2 + 3 vs. level 0 + 1, for variables that we considered as relevant risk factors for burn out. Results Half of the teachers reported low values in all three dimensions (level 0, whereas 15 were classified as having high burnout in at least two out of the three dimensions (level 2 + 3, and 4 % in all three dimensions (level 3. Almost all psychosocial factors were incrementally more unfavourably reported through the rising levels of burnout, and so were dissatisfaction with the computer workstation, pain, sleep problems and lack of personal recovery. There was no association between gender and rising levels of overall burnout (p > 0.30. Low self-efficacy, poor leadership, high job demands and teaching in higher grades were the variables most clearly associated with burnout in multivariable Poisson regression. Conclusions Even if circa 50 % of the teachers appear do well with respect to burnout, the results points to the need of implementing multifaceted countermeasures that may serve to reduce burnout.

  2. [The effort of being male: a survey on gender and burnout].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maccacaro, G; Di Tommaso, Francesca; Ferrai, Paola; Bonatti, Daniela; Bombana, Susanna; Merseburger, Angela

    2011-01-01

    Stress at work affects more than 40 million people in the European Union - around 22% of workers - and is the second most reported work-related health problem. Gender does not seem to be a constant predictive factor for burnout: some studies showed that women suffer more from burnout than males, other studies proved that males report higher burnout scores while others did not detect any difference at all. These results may be due to gender-related stereotypes, or could even reiflect the preponderance of a specific gender in some jobs. To determine whether gender might be among the relevant variables in job burnout studies. In 2008-2009 a study on burnout was carried out in a Healthcare Trust in northern Italy. The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were distributed to physicians, administrative staff and auxiliary personnel of hospital departments and local services. A total of l, 604 JCQ's and 1,604 MBI's were analysed, corresponding to 37% of the distributed tests. Results of logistic regression showed that gender, shift work and a low score in relationships with superiors were significantly associated with burnout. Considering the tasks of physicians and nurses, the burnout frequency was 3.78% for physicians and 1.97% for nurses, with higher percentages in males than in females. Women with children reported an average burnout frequency that was lower than the average of the whole population studied while men with children had a double burnout frequency compared to the average. Male gender is significantly associated with a burnout condition. Moreover, our findings have shown that physicians experience an excess burnout compared to nurses although this excess did not achieve statistical significance when taking into account distribution according to gender in the two professions.

  3. Burnout among public doctors in Hong Kong: cross-sectional survey.

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    Siu, Christina F Y; Yuen, S K; Cheung, Andy

    2012-06-01

    The stressful life of doctors makes them prone to burnout. We evaluated the prevalence of burnout among Hong Kong public hospital doctors and correlated burnout with job characteristics, working hours, stressors, and stress-relieving strategies. Cross-sectional survey. Hong Kong. One thousand doctors were randomly sampled from the Hong Kong Public Doctors' Association registry. Self-administered, anonymous questionnaires with postage-paid envelopes were mailed twice in early 2009. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used for burnout assessment. According to this scale, burnout is defined as emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Correlation analysis, as well as univariate and multivariate analyses, were performed to assess factors associated with high degrees of burnout. RESULTS. A total of 226 questionnaires were analysed, of which 31.4% of the respondents satisfied the criteria for high burnout. They were younger and needed to work shifts, and their median year of practice was 8.5. High-burnout doctors worked similar hours per week to non-high-burnout doctors (mean ± standard deviation, 56.2 ± 12.7 vs 54.7 ± 10.9; P=0.413) and reported suicidal thoughts more often (9.9% vs 2.6%; P=0.033). Moreover, 52.2% of high-burnout doctors were dissatisfied or very dissatisfied with their jobs. 'Excessive stress due to global workload' and 'feeling that their own work was not valued by others' were the most significant stressors associated with high emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation, while 'feeling that their own work was not valued by others' and 'poor job security' correlated with low personal accomplishment. A high proportion of public doctors who responded to our survey endured high burnout. Trainees with some experience were at heightened risk. Stressors identified in this study should be addressed, so as to improve job satisfaction.

  4. Burnout of Physicians Working in Primary Health Care Centers under Ministry of Health Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bawakid, Khalid; Abdulrashid, Ola; Mandoura, Najlaa; Shah, Hassan Bin Usman; Ibrahim, Adel; Akkad, Noura Mohammad; Mufti, Fauad

    2017-11-25

    Introduction The levels of physicians' job satisfaction and burnout directly affect their professionalism, punctuality, absenteeism, and ultimately, patients' care. Despite its crucial importance, little is known about professional burnout of the physicians in Saudi Arabia. The objectives of this research are two-fold: (1) To assess the prevalence of burnout in physicians working in primary health care centers under Ministry of Health; and (2) to find the modifiable factors which can decrease the burnout ratio. Methodology Through a cross-sectional study design, a representative sample of the physicians working in primary health care centers (PHCCs) Jeddah (n=246) was randomly selected. The overall burnout level was assessed using the validated abbreviated Maslach burnout inventory (aMBI) questionnaire. It measures the overall burnout prevalence based on three main domains i.e., emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Independent sample T-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and multivariate regression analysis were performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS Version 22, IBM, Armonk, NY). Results Overall, moderate to high burnout was prevalent in 25.2% of the physicians. Emotional exhaustion was noted in 69.5%. Multivariate regression analysis showed that patient pressure/violence (p burnout. The patient's pressure/violence was the only significant independent predictor of overall burnout. Conclusion Emotional exhaustion is the most prominent feature of overall burnout in the physicians of primary health care centers. The main reasons include patient's pressure/violence, unorganized patient flow, less cooperative colleague doctors, fewer support services at the PHCCs, more paperwork, and less cooperative colleagues. Addressing these issues could lead to a decrease in physician's burnout.

  5. Prevalence of burnout syndrome among nurses in urgency and emergency hospital system

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    Dantas, Tatiana Rodrigues da Silva; Carreiro, Bruno Oliveira; Pascoal, Francilene Figueirêdo da Silva; Moraes, Marina Nascimento de; Cordeiro, Renata Cavalcanti; Filha, Maria de Oliveira Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: investigar a prevalência de Burnout entre enfermeiros de hospitais de urgência e emergência no Estado da Paraíba. Método: trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva, transversal, quantitativa realizada em seis hospitais especializados no atendimento às urgências e emergências no estado. A amostra foi constituída por 110 enfermeiros. Utilizou-se como instrumento o Maslach Burnout Inventory. Os dados foram analisados com o auxílio do SPSS-Statistical Package for the Social Sciences na versão...

  6. Evaluating stress, burnout and job satisfaction in New Zealand radiation oncology departments.

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    Jasperse, M; Herst, P; Dungey, G

    2014-01-01

    This research aimed to determine the levels of occupational stress, burnout and job satisfaction among radiation oncology workers across New Zealand. All oncology staff practising in all eight radiation oncology departments in New Zealand were invited to participate anonymously in a questionnaire, which consisted of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and measures of stress intensity associated with specific occupational stressors, stress reduction strategies and job satisfaction. A total of 171 (out of 349) complete responses were analysed using spss 19; there were 23 oncologists, 111 radiation therapists, 22 radiation nurses and 15 radiation physicists. All participants, regardless of profession, reported high stress levels associated with both patient-centred and organisational stressors. Participants scored high in all three domains of burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and personal accomplishment. Interestingly, although organisational stressors predicted higher emotional exhaustion and emotional exhaustion predicted lower job satisfaction, patient stressors were associated with higher job satisfaction. Job satisfaction initiatives such as ongoing education, mentoring and role extension were supported by many participants as was addressing organisational stressors, such as lack of recognition and support from management and unrealistic expectations and demands. New Zealand staff exhibit higher levels of burnout than Maslach Burnout Inventory medical norms and oncology workers in previous international studies. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. The role of veterinary team effectiveness in job satisfaction and burnout in companion animal veterinary clinics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Irene C; Coe, Jason B; Adams, Cindy L; Conlon, Peter D; Sargeant, Jan M

    2014-09-01

    To determine the role of veterinary team effectiveness regarding job satisfaction and burnout in companion animal veterinary practice. Cross-sectional observational study. 48 companion animal veterinary health-care teams. 274 team members participated in an online survey. Overall job satisfaction was evaluated with a 1-item measure, and the 3 dimensions of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy) were measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. Team effectiveness was assessed with a survey developed for this study. Demographic and team effectiveness factors (coordinated team environment, toxic team environment, team engagement, and individual engagement) associated with job satisfaction and burnout were evaluated. Overall mean job satisfaction score was 5.46 of 7 (median, 6.00); veterinary technicians and kennel attendants had the lowest scores. According to the Maslach survey results, 22.4% of participants were in the high-risk category for exhaustion, 23.2% were in the high-risk category for cynicism, and 9.3% were in the high-risk category for professional efficacy. A coordinated team environment was associated with increased professional efficacy and decreased cynicism. A toxic team environment was negatively associated with job satisfaction and positively associated with exhaustion and cynicism. Individual engagement was positively associated with job satisfaction and professional efficacy and negatively associated with exhaustion and cynicism. Results suggested the effectiveness of a veterinary team can significantly influence individual team members' job satisfaction and burnout. Practices should pay specific attention to the effectiveness with which their veterinary team operates.

  8. Burnout and health behaviors in health professionals from seven European countries.

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    Alexandrova-Karamanova, Anna; Todorova, Irina; Montgomery, Anthony; Panagopoulou, Efharis; Costa, Patricia; Baban, Adriana; Davas, Asli; Milosevic, Milan; Mijakoski, Dragan

    2016-10-01

    Within an underlying health-impairing process, work stressors exhaust employees' mental and physical resources and lead to exhaustion/burnout and to health problems, with health-impairing behaviors being one of the potential mechanisms, linking burnout to ill health. The study aims to explore the associations between burnout and fast food consumption, exercise, alcohol consumption and painkiller use in a multinational sample of 2623 doctors, nurses and residents from Greece, Portugal, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, Croatia and Macedonia, adopting a cross-national approach. Data are part of the international cross-sectional quantitative ORCAB survey. The measures included the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Health Behaviors Questionnaire. Burnout was significantly positively associated with higher fast food consumption, infrequent exercise, higher alcohol consumption and more frequent painkiller use in the full sample, and these associations remained significant after the inclusion of individual differences factors and country of residence. Cross-national comparisons showed significant differences in burnout and health behaviors, and some differences in the statistical significance and magnitude (but not the direction) of the associations between them. Health professionals from Turkey, Greece and Bulgaria reported the most unfavorable experiences. Burnout and risk health behaviors among health professionals are important both in the context of health professionals' health and well-being and as factors contributing to medical errors and inadequate patient safety. Organizational interventions should incorporate early identification of such behaviors together with programs promoting health and aimed at the reduction of burnout and work-related stress.

  9. Burnout in Medical Residents: A Study Based on the Job Demands-Resources Model

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    Panagiotis Zis

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job. The purpose of our cross-sectional study was to estimate the burnout rates among medical residents in the largest Greek hospital in 2012 and identify factors associated with it, based on the job demands-resources model (JD-R. Method. Job demands were examined via a 17-item questionnaire assessing 4 characteristics (emotional demands, intellectual demands, workload, and home-work demands’ interface and job resources were measured via a 14-item questionnaire assessing 4 characteristics (autonomy, opportunities for professional development, support from colleagues, and supervisor’s support. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was used to measure burnout. Results. Of the 290 eligible residents, 90.7% responded. In total 14.4% of the residents were found to experience burnout. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that each increased point in the JD-R questionnaire score regarding home-work interface was associated with an increase in the odds of burnout by 25.5%. Conversely, each increased point for autonomy, opportunities in professional development, and each extra resident per specialist were associated with a decrease in the odds of burnout by 37.1%, 39.4%, and 59.0%, respectively. Conclusions. Burnout among medical residents is associated with home-work interface, autonomy, professional development, and resident to specialist ratio.

  10. Prevalence and factors of burnout among Australian orthopaedic trainees: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Manit; Diwan, Ashish D; Harris, Ian A

    2014-12-01

    To assess the prevalence and factors of burnout among Australian orthopaedic trainees. 236 orthopaedic registrars of the Australian Orthopaedic Association were invited to participate in a 32-item survey by email. The questionnaire assessed potential factors associated with burnout, satisfaction with the choice of orthopaedics as a career and work-life balance, and subjective overall health, as well as 3 subscales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey for assessing burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, and personal accomplishment. Participants with high levels of either emotional exhaustion or depersonalisation were defined as having burnout. Those with and without burnout were compared. 51 (22%) of the 236 trainees completed the questionnaire. Of whom, 88% were satisfied with their choice of orthopaedics as a career, whereas 27% were satisfied with their work-life balance. 27 (53%) respondents were considered burned out. Compared with those who did not burn out, those who burned out were less satisfied with their careers (p=0.004) and work-life balance (p=0.021). 53% of Australian orthopaedic trainees were burned out. Burnout trainees were more likely to be dissatisfied with their career choice and worklife balance. Active interventions to combat burnout and improve work-life balance are needed.

  11. Psychosocial factors and prevalence of burnout syndrome among nursing workers in intensive care units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Jorge Luiz Lima; Soares, Rafael da Silva; Costa, Felipe dos Santos; Ramos, Danusa de Souza; Lima, Fabiano Bittencourt; Teixeira, Liliane Reis

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the prevalence of burnout syndrome among nursing workers in intensive care units and establish associations with psychosocial factors. This descriptive study evaluated 130 professionals, including nurses, nursing technicians, and nursing assistants, who performed their activities in intensive care and coronary care units in 2 large hospitals in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Data were collected in 2011 using a self-reported questionnaire. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to evaluate the burnout syndrome dimensions, and the Self Reporting Questionnaire was used to evaluate common mental disorders. The prevalence of burnout syndrome was 55.3% (n = 72). In the quadrants of the demand-control model, low-strain workers exhibited a prevalence of 64.5% of suspected cases of burnout, whereas high-strain workers exhibited a prevalence of 72.5% of suspected cases (p = 0.006). The prevalence of suspected cases of common mental disorders was 27.7%; of these, 80.6% were associated with burnout syndrome (stress levels - active work (OR = 0.26; 95%CI = 0.09 - 0.69) and passive work (OR = 0.22; 95%CI = 0.07 - 0.63) - were protective factors for burnout syndrome. Psychosocial factors were associated with the development of burnout syndrome in this group. These results underscore the need for the development of further studies aimed at intervention and the prevention of the syndrome.

  12. Job stress and burnout: A comparative study of senior and head nurses in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luan, Xiaorong; Wang, Ping; Hou, Wenxiu; Chen, Lili; Lou, Fenglan

    2017-06-01

    Senior nurses can suffer from high job stress and burnout, which can lead to negative patient outcomes and higher turnover rates; however, few studies have examined this topic. We recruited 224 head and senior nurses from September to December 2015 using convenience and cluster sampling, to compare job stress and burnout levels between the two groups. The Nurse Job Stressors Inventory and Maslach Burnout Inventory scales were used to evaluate job stress and burnout, respectively. Results indicated that job stress scores significantly differed between head and senior nurses. The highest scoring subscales in both groups were time allocation and workload problems. Scores for the three burnout dimensions also significantly differed between the groups. Positive correlations between job stress and burnout were stronger among senior nurses than head nurses. Burnout may be higher among senior nurses given head nurses' potential for greater perceived job control. Our findings suggest that measures need to be taken to reduce burnout and turnover rates among senior nurses. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  13. Occupational burnout and work factors in community and hospital midwives: a survey analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Yukiko; Sandall, Jane

    2013-08-01

    community-based midwifery practice has been promoted in the UK maternity policy over the last decade as a means of increasing continuity of care. However, there have been growing concerns to suggest that the community-based continuity model may not be sustainable due to the high levels of occupational burnout in midwives resulted by increased on-call work. this paper attempted to identify work factors associated with the levels of burnout in community midwives as compared to hospital midwives, aiming at contributing to the debate of organising sustainable midwifery care. a statistical analysis was conducted drawing on data from a survey of all midwives working at one Hospital Trust in England (n=238). Occupational burnout was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). the sample midwives (n=128, 54%) had significantly higher levels of burnout compared to the reference groups. Multiple regression analysis identified as follows: (1) high levels of occupational autonomy were a key protective factor of burnout, and more prevalent in the community, (2) working hours were positively associated with burnout, and community midwives were more likely to have higher levels of stress recognition, and (3) support for work-life-balance from the Trust had a significant protective effect on the levels of burnout. the results should be taken into account in the maternity policy in order to incorporate continuity of care and sustainable organisation of midwifery care. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Job dissatisfaction and burnout of nurses in Hunan, China: A cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Wenjuan; He, Guoping; Wang, Honghong; He, Ying; Yuan, Qun; Liu, Dan

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we focused on measuring levels of nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction in the daily practice of nurses in Hunan province, China, analyzed factors related to nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction, and explored the relationship between them. Previous studies have shown a high level of burnout and job dissatisfaction among nurses worldwide. A cross-sectional survey of 1100 nurses was conducted. The nurses worked at 20 hospitals in 11 cities and counties throughout China's Hunan province. Nurse burnout was measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Nurse-rated job dissatisfaction was described using a four point scale, and work environment was measured using the Nursing Work Index - Practice Environment Scale. The results showed that nurses had high burnout scores and were dissatisfied with their jobs. Staffing, work environment, and work hours were all significantly associated with nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction. Adequate staffing, improved work environment, and reasonable work hours are related to decreasing nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  15. Extracurricular activities associated with stress and burnout in preclinical medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jawad Fares

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to assess the prevalence of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students in a private university in Beirut, Lebanon, and evaluate the association between extracurricular involvement and stress and burnout relief in preclinical medical students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a random sample of 165 preclinical medical students. Distress level was measured using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 while that of burnout was measured through the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS. The MBI-SS assesses three interrelated dimensions: emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and academic efficacy. Extracurricular activities were divided into four categories: physical exercise, music, reading, and social activities. All selected participants responded. A substantial proportion of preclinical medical students suffered from stress (62% and burnout (75%. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses revealed that being a female or a 1st year medical student correlated with higher stress and burnout. Music-related activities were correlated with lower burnout. Social activities or living with parents were associated with lower academic efficacy. The high stress and burnout levels call for action. Addressing the studying conditions and attending to the psychological wellbeing of preclinical medical students are recommendations made in the study.

  16. Prevalence and determinants of burnout syndrome among physicians in Cameroon: a research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feteh, Vitalis Fambombi; Njim, Tsi; Nji, Miriam A M; Ayeah, Chia Mark; Sama, Carlson-Babila; Tianyi, Frank Leonel

    2017-10-25

    Burnout syndrome is a common psychological state, that may affect human healthcare providers due to their prolonged exposure to job stressors. Burnout can hinder optimal healthcare delivery. Hence this study aims to determine the prevalence and correlates of burnout syndrome amongst physicians in Cameroon. Specifically: (1) to determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome amongst Cameroonian doctors. (2) To identify potential determinants of burnout among Cameroonian doctors. (3) To compare the prevalence and determinants of burnout among specialist physicians and general practitioners in Cameroon. This cross-sectional study will include a minimum of 335 doctors working in five regions of Cameroon. Consenting physicians will be consecutively recruited and data on sociodemographic and work characteristics will be collected via a printed self-administered questionnaire and burnout will be assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Data will be analysed using Epi Info version 7 and a p value health is largely neglected in developing countries like Cameroon. Data from this research will help inform practitioners on the magnitude of the problem and favour the development of policies that improve the mental health of care-providers.

  17. Factors associated with burnout syndrome in medical residents of a university hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Alves da Cruz Gouveia

    Full Text Available Summary Objective: To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome among resident physicians of various specialties and to evaluate associated factors. Method: The Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire and a sociodemographic questionnaire were used to evaluate factors associated with the syndrome. Burnout was defined as the association of high emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low professional achievement. Multivariate analysis was performed after adjustment of the Poisson model with the identification of risk factors and calculation of prevalence ratios (PR. Of the 250 resident physicians registered with Hospital das Clínicas of Pernambuco, 129 participated in the study. Results: In the three domains that characterize burnout syndrome, we found a low level of professional achievement in 94.6% of resident physicians interviewed, a high level of depersonalization in 31.8%, and 59.7% with a high level of emotional exhaustion. The prevalence of burnout was 27.9%. Having suffered a stressful event in the last six months (PR: 8.10; 95CI 1.2-57.2 and being a student of surgical specialty (PR: 1.99; 95CI 1.2-3.3 were independently associated with burnout. Conclusion: The prevalence of burnout found in resident physicians is in accordance with previous Brazilian studies. Residents of surgical specialties and those who suffered some stressful event were identified as susceptible in this study. The early identification of risk factors is fundamental for the implementation of preventive measures against burnout syndrome.

  18. Factors associated with burnout syndrome in medical residents of a university hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveia, Pedro Alves da Cruz; Ribeiro, Maria Hosana Chaves; Aschoff, Carlos Alberto de Moura; Gomes, Doris Pires; Silva, Nadine Anita Fonseca da; Cavalcanti, Helton Alexsandro Firmino

    2017-06-01

    To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome among resident physicians of various specialties and to evaluate associated factors. The Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire and a sociodemographic questionnaire were used to evaluate factors associated with the syndrome. Burnout was defined as the association of high emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low professional achievement. Multivariate analysis was performed after adjustment of the Poisson model with the identification of risk factors and calculation of prevalence ratios (PR). Of the 250 resident physicians registered with Hospital das Clínicas of Pernambuco, 129 participated in the study. In the three domains that characterize burnout syndrome, we found a low level of professional achievement in 94.6% of resident physicians interviewed, a high level of depersonalization in 31.8%, and 59.7% with a high level of emotional exhaustion. The prevalence of burnout was 27.9%. Having suffered a stressful event in the last six months (PR: 8.10; 95CI 1.2-57.2) and being a student of surgical specialty (PR: 1.99; 95CI 1.2-3.3) were independently associated with burnout. The prevalence of burnout found in resident physicians is in accordance with previous Brazilian studies. Residents of surgical specialties and those who suffered some stressful event were identified as susceptible in this study. The early identification of risk factors is fundamental for the implementation of preventive measures against burnout syndrome.

  19. Moral distress and burnout in Iranian nurses: The mediating effect of workplace bullying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajoudani, Fardin; Baghaei, Rahim; Lotfi, Mojgan

    2018-01-01

    Moral distress and workplace bullying are important issues in the nursing workplace that appear to affect nurse's burnout. To investigate the relationship between moral distress and burnout in Iranian nurses, as mediated by their perceptions of workplace bullying. Ethical considerations: The research was approved by the committee of ethics in research of the Urmia University of Medical Sciences. This is a correlation study using a cross-sectional design with anonymous questionnaires as study instruments (i.e. Moral Distress Scale-Revised, Maslach Burnout Inventory and The Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised). Data were collected from 278 nurses from five teaching hospitals in Urmia, the capital of Western Azerbaijan, northwest of Iran. Structural equation modeling and bootstrapping procedures were employed to recognize the mediating role of their perceptions of workplace bullying. The mean score of moral distress, burnout, and the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised Scale among the participants were 91.02 ± 35.26, 79.9 ± 18.27, and 45.4 ± 15.39, respectively. The results confirmed our hypothesized model. All the latent variables of study were significantly correlated in the predicted directions. The moral distress and bullying were significant predictors of burnout. Perception of bullying partially mediated the relationship between moral distress and burnout. The mediating role of the bullying suggests that moral distress increases burnout, directly and indirectly. Nursing administrators should be conscious of the role of moral distress and bullying in the nursing workplace in increasing burnout.

  20. Burnout Among Chinese Adult Reconstructive Surgeons: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Relationship With Intraoperative Irritability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Hanlong; Shao, Hongyi; Zhou, Yixin

    2018-04-01

    Burnout is a major concern in human service occupations, mainly characterizing in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. There is very limited research dealing with burnout in orthopedic surgeons. Exploring burnout prevalence, risk factors, and intraoperative irritability-related incidences is necessary to improve the quality of life for surgeons. The study population consisted of 202 registered adult reconstructive doctors in China. Burnout was measured using a normalized translated version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey. Demographics, professional characteristics, and intraoperative irritability-related questions were also collected by electronic questionnaires. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 22.0. The overall rate of burnout was 85.1%. Variables significantly associated with high emotional exhaustion scores included poor sleeping time per day (P = .008), more nights on call per week (P = .048), and absence of research (P = .014). For depersonalization, absence of marriage (P burnout, especially in emotional exhaustion. Residents were the population having the least opportunities to lose temper in operation. Burnout is highly prevalent in Chinese adult reconstructive surgeons, and it had some correlations with irritability. Further research is needed to determine more risk factors and reduce intraoperative irritability-related incidences. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. The Association of Psychological Empowerment and Job Burnout in Operational Staff of Tehran Emergency Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghaniyoun, Aram; Shakeri, Khosro; Heidari, Mohammad

    2017-09-01

    Workers in social service professions are the first candidates for job burnout. The researchers believe this is due to daily exposure to stressful situations and lack of positive conditions in the workplace. It seems that psychological empowerment of staff can affect their job burnout. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and job burnout in operational staff of emergency center. This was a descriptive correlational study. A total of 1100 operational staff of emergency center were evaluated, and of which, 285 persons were selected by simple random sampling method. Data were collected using Spritzer's psychological empowerment and Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaires. SPSS software, version 18, was used for data analysis along with descriptive analytical tests. The findings of this study revealed that the majority of units (46%) were in intermediate level in terms of empowerment. Similarly, the majority of cases had intermediate level (77.5%), and a minor percentage (8.4%) had low levels of job burnout. Based on Pearson's correlation test, there was a significant invert correlation between psychological empowerment and job burnout. This inverse and significant relationship was also observed between the four components of psychological empowerment (competence, self-determination, impact, and meaning) and job burnout. According to the results of the study, policy makers and health planners can take some measures in enhancing psychological empowerment to prevent problems associated with job burnout, by identifying stressors and strategies to deal with them.

  2. Using a personality inventory to identify risk of distress and burnout among early stage medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bughi, Stephanie A; Lie, Desiree A; Zia, Stephanie K; Rosenthal, Jane

    2017-01-01

    Distress and burnout are common among medical students and negatively impact students' physical, mental, and emotional health. Personality inventories such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), used in medical education, may have a role in identifying burnout risk early. The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey study among 185 1st year medical students with the MBTI, the general well-being schedule (GWB), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS). Descriptive statistics and one-way MANOVAs were used to identify the prevalence and differences in MBTI preferences and distress/burnout risk. Response rate was 185/185 (100%). Distress (GWB) was reported by 84/185 (45.4%). High scores on exhaustion were reported by 118/182 (64.8%), cynicism by 76/182 (41.8%), and decreased professional efficacy by 38/182 (20.9%) for the three dimensions of the MBI-SS. Only 21/182 (11.5%) of respondents had high scores on all three dimensions of burnout. Students with MBTI preferences for extraversion reported greater positive well-being (P burnout are prevalent early in medical training. The significant difference between extraversion and introversion in relation to distress and burnout deserves further study. Use of a personality inventory may help identify students at risk of burnout and allow appropriate early stress management.

  3. The prevalence and consequences of burnout on a group of preclinical dental students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atalayin, Cigdem; Balkis, Murat; Tezel, Huseyin; Onal, Banu; Kayrak, Gul

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of burnout among a group of Turkish preclinical dental students, to compare the level of burnout and to determine the consequences in structural equation model. Preclinical dental students (n = 329, 50.5% of females and 49.5% of males) aged between 18 and 24 took part in the study. Maslach burnout inventory student version, academic satisfaction scale, and personal information sheet were used to gather data. Pearson correlation analyses, t-test, and one-way ANOVA were used for statistical analysis. The proposed theoretical model was tested via observed variable path analysis using maximum likelihood parameter estimation with AMOS 7.0. About 22.3% of students had high level of emotional exhaustion, 16.7% of students had high level of cynicism, and 17.9% of students suffered from high level of reduced academic efficacy. While the students attending the first grade reported higher level of reduced academic efficacy, the students in the third grade reported higher level of emotional exhaustion. Academic workload played an important role in the development of burnout. As consequences of burnout, students with high levels of burnout intended to change their current major and did not to plan to continue to postgraduate education. Students with high level of burnout reported less level of academic satisfaction and academic achievement. Creating awareness on the burnout of dental students from the preclinical period may be useful for prevention and more compatible dental education environment.

  4. Burnout in health care and education workers: The role of situational and individual factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popov Stanislava

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to examine the level of the burnout syndrome in the sample of teachers and health care workers. Another aim was to investigate the relationship between burnout and the demographic, personality and job characteristics in order to identify the most influential factors of its occurrence and maintenance. Burnout was defined as a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and reduced personal accomplishment, especially prevalent in humanistic professions. The instrument which was used for the operationalisation of burnout is the most widely used instrument for assessing this construct empirically: the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The convenient sample of 186 respondents from Novi Sad and Zrenjanin (100 health care workers and 86 teachers participated in the study. The results indicate a moderate to high level of burnout measured in this sample. A higher level of Emotional exhaustion and Depersonalisation was found in health care workers. The results of hierarchical regression analysis have shown that Neuroticism and Extraversion were the most significant predictors of burnout among individual factors. Conflicts with colleagues and the management as well as dissatisfaction with the organisation at the workplace were the most influential predictors of burnout among situational factors. The results are explained by the personality traits from the Big Five Plus Two Questionnair e, by the specific characteristics of the examined professions, and by the comparison with previous studies in the area.

  5. Burnout in medical residents: a study based on the job demands-resources model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zis, Panagiotis; Anagnostopoulos, Fotios; Sykioti, Panagiota

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job. The purpose of our cross-sectional study was to estimate the burnout rates among medical residents in the largest Greek hospital in 2012 and identify factors associated with it, based on the job demands-resources model (JD-R). Job demands were examined via a 17-item questionnaire assessing 4 characteristics (emotional demands, intellectual demands, workload, and home-work demands' interface) and job resources were measured via a 14-item questionnaire assessing 4 characteristics (autonomy, opportunities for professional development, support from colleagues, and supervisor's support). The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used to measure burnout. Of the 290 eligible residents, 90.7% responded. In total 14.4% of the residents were found to experience burnout. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that each increased point in the JD-R questionnaire score regarding home-work interface was associated with an increase in the odds of burnout by 25.5%. Conversely, each increased point for autonomy, opportunities in professional development, and each extra resident per specialist were associated with a decrease in the odds of burnout by 37.1%, 39.4%, and 59.0%, respectively. Burnout among medical residents is associated with home-work interface, autonomy, professional development, and resident to specialist ratio.

  6. Residency Training: Determinants of burnout of neurology trainees in Attica, Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zis, Panagiotis; Artemiadis, Artemios K; Lykouri, Maria; Xirou, Sophia; Roussopoulou, Andromachi; Papageorgiou, Ermioni; Bakola, Eleni; Anagnostopoulos, Fotios

    2015-09-15

    The purpose of our cross-sectional study was to estimate the rate of burnout and identify its determinants among neurology residents in Attica, Greece. In total, 131 placements for neurology training over 18 hospitals were available. All residents were approached and were asked to participate in the study by anonymously completing a questionnaire. Job demands and resources (JD-R) were examined via a 31-item questionnaire assessing 8 factors based on the JD-R model. Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The emotional exhaustion + 1 criterion was used to distinguish respondents with and without burnout. A total of 116 residents participated in the study (response rate 88.5%). In total, 18.1% of the participants were experiencing burnout. Multivariate analysis showed that each increased point in the total score of the factor regarding opportunities for professional development was associated with lowering the odds of burnout by 28.7%. Burnout among neurology residents is associated with decreased professional development. Educators and program directors need to identify those residents at high risk of burnout and design interventions to promote residents' resilience and mental health. © 2015 American Academy of Neurology.

  7. Extracurricular activities associated with stress and burnout in preclinical medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fares, Jawad; Saadeddin, Zein; Al Tabosh, Hayat; Aridi, Hussam; El Mouhayyar, Christopher; Koleilat, Mohamad Karim; Chaaya, Monique; El Asmar, Khalil

    2016-09-01

    This study aims to assess the prevalence of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students in a private university in Beirut, Lebanon, and evaluate the association between extracurricular involvement and stress and burnout relief in preclinical medical students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a random sample of 165 preclinical medical students. Distress level was measured using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) while that of burnout was measured through the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS). The MBI-SS assesses three interrelated dimensions: emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and academic efficacy. Extracurricular activities were divided into four categories: physical exercise, music, reading, and social activities. All selected participants responded. A substantial proportion of preclinical medical students suffered from stress (62%) and burnout (75%). Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses revealed that being a female or a 1st year medical student correlated with higher stress and burnout. Music-related activities were correlated with lower burnout. Social activities or living with parents were associated with lower academic efficacy. The high stress and burnout levels call for action. Addressing the studying conditions and attending to the psychological wellbeing of preclinical medical students are recommendations made in the study. Copyright © 2015 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Burnout e intenciones de jubilación anticipada entre empleados mayores - Burnout and early retirement intentions among older employees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henkens, C.J.I.M.; Leenders, M.

    2009-01-01

    El tema central de este artículo es la jubilación y el burnout de los empleados mayores. Analizamos si existe una relación entre las dimensiones de agotamiento emocional y despersonalización características del burnout y las intenciones de jubilación de los empleados mayores. Asimismo, se investiga

  9. Investigation of Burnout in Employees Working in a Factory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin Aslan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: This study was performed to determine the burnout levels of employees working in a factory and the factors affecting it. METHOD: This is a cross–sectional study. The study population and sample consisted of 247 employees working in the workshops of a factory located in the a big city center. Data collection was performed using a Personal Information Form and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. RESULTS: The mean burnout scores increased (p<0.05 with decreasing age and work years of the employees. The mean Emotional Exhaustion score of the employees who were university graduates were higher than those who were primary school or high school graduates (p<0.05. Mean Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization scores of employees with no children were higher than those with children (p<0.05. Mean Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization scores of the employees stating that their incomes were much lower/lower than their expenditures were higher compared to those stating that their incomes were equal to their expenditures and those stating that their incomes were higher/much higher than their expenditures (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: The findings of the study indicate that factors such as age, education level, status of having children, economic status, and working years were effective on the burnout levels of the employees while the risk area where the workshop was located did not affect the burnout level. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(5.000: 453-462

  10. [Prevalence of burnout syndrome in nurses in 2 Mexican hospitals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer-Morales, Yusvisaret; Prince-Vélez, Roberto; Searcy-Bernal, Roberto; Compean-Saucedo, Bertha

    2007-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome in nursing staff in 2 different second level hospitals in the city of Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico. A cross-sectional study was conducted in all nursing staff (n = 698) in 2 second level hospitals (the Gynecology, Pediatrics and Family Medicine Hospital No. 31 and the General Specialist Hospital No. 30 in Mexicali). A stratified random sample was obtained from the 698 nurses, with a sample size of 184 nurses from each hospital. The Maslach Burn-out Inventory and a general questionnaire on demographic factors were used. Statistical analysis consisted of descriptive statistics and analysis of proportions using the chi-squared test. A total of 368 nurses were studied, of whom 345 (93.75%) were women. The mean age was 41.21 SD (standard deviation) = 6.59 years. The mean length of service was 15.87 (SD = 6.12) years. In both hospitals, the prevalence of burnout syndrome was 6.79% (25). Previous publications on burn-out have included studies performed in Mexico and in nurses in the emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Barcelona, as well as in other health care professionals. In comparis