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Sample records for degree nursing adn

  1. Introducing ADN students to nursing research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorpe, R; Smutko, P W

    1998-01-01

    Every nurse, regardless of educational preparation, should be involved in and benefit from nursing research. The research process needs to become an integral part of nursing practice. In this article, the authors emphasize the importance of nursing research in the associate degree nursing curriculum, emphasizing strategies that enable the ADN graduate to appreciate research reports and use the knowledge in the clinical practice setting.

  2. Risk-taking propensity of nurses: ADN and BSN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masters, M L; Masters, R J

    1989-11-01

    Nursing literature indicates that skills in decision making are inherently important to the modern nurse. The literature also reports a controversy between the associate degree nurse (ADN) and the bachelor degree nurse (BSN). This conflict relates to educational level and experience in terms of leadership and decision-making skills. All decisions involve risk. Therefore decisions in nursing should be influenced by the risk-taking propensity of the individual nurse. The literature shows a linkage between risk-taking propensity and both training and experience. The major purpose of the study was to attempt to correlate risk-taking propensity of nurses by level of education and experience. The study investigated whether differences exist between risk-taking propensity of recently graduated ADNs and BSNs without experience. In addition, the study attempted to determine any differences in risk-taking propensity of ADNs and BSNs with practical experience. The results were analyzed in terms of decision-making competency.

  3. Institutional Goal Priorities in Texas: A Look at an Associate Degree Nursing Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Leon, John E.

    A study examined the perceptions of four key constituent groups from the Southeast College Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) program regarding institutional goal priorities. (Southeast College manages the ADN program for the Houston Community College System.) The study involved 23 ADN faculty, 13 college administrators, 128 ADN students, and 5 ADN…

  4. The Origins and Rise of Associate Degree Nursing Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haase, Patricia T.

    This book offers an analytical history of the associate degree nursing (ADN) program and the role of associate degree nurses in the U.S. health care system. It covers the period from just after World War II to the middle of the 1980s. The support of the W. K. Kellogg Foundation and the Federal Government for ADN education is highlighted. Chapter…

  5. Issues in Associate Degree Nursing. Bridge to Success. Education and Service: A Partnership for Associate Degree Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

    This publication is a compilation of highlights from papers presented at the Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) project's regional conferences during 1983-84. Papers address pertinent issues in ADN education and practice. "AD Education: Are the Parameters Real?" (Julia Perkins) examines the parameters of associate degree nursing education from a…

  6. Nursing education progression: associate degree nursing faculty perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neal, Dale; Zomorodi, Meg; Wagner, Jennie

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this survey was to examine the attitudes, influences, and practices of associate degree nursing (ADN) faculty in relation to advising students about nursing education progression. The results indicated that ADN faculty have a sense of moral and personal role responsibility to encourage students to continue their education. Deficits in faculty knowledge of program details and multiple demands on their time are factors that influence advising practices.

  7. Selected Bibliography on Associate Degree Programs in Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National League for Nursing, New York, NY. Dept. of Associate Degree Programs.

    This annotated bibliography consists of 99 entries, primarily journal articles, most of which were published after 1966. Organization is under the following headings: (1) Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) Programs--What They Are, (2) Planning for ADN Program, (3) Move to Educational Institutions, (4) Administration, (5) Faculty, (6) Teaching Methods,…

  8. Early Identification of Transformation in the Proficiency Level of Critical Thinking Skills (CTS) for the First Semester Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swing, Velmarie K.

    2014-01-01

    Critical thinking (CT) in the new nursing graduate continues to be a topic of concern in the academic and acute care settings. While research studies have analyzed critical thinking skills (CTS) at the beginning and end of nursing programs, few have focused on early program evaluation of CT. In this non-experimental, explanatory, quantitative…

  9. Early Identification of Transformation in the Proficiency Level of Critical Thinking Skills (CTS) for the First Semester Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swing, Velmarie K.

    2014-01-01

    Critical thinking (CT) in the new nursing graduate continues to be a topic of concern in the academic and acute care settings. While research studies have analyzed critical thinking skills (CTS) at the beginning and end of nursing programs, few have focused on early program evaluation of CT. In this non-experimental, explanatory, quantitative…

  10. The Past, the Present, and the Future of Associate Degree Nursing Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arlton, Donna

    A review of the history of associate degree nursing (ADN) education is presented, along with a discussion of contemporary problems faced by ADN educators. The paper first notes the practical, hospital-based nature of early nursing education programs; reviews early studies calling for school-based programs to prepare nurses for different levels of…

  11. Outcomes of ADN-BSN partnerships to increase baccalaureate prepared nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sizemore, Mary H; Robbins, Leslie K; Hoke, Mary M; Billings, Diane M

    2007-01-01

    The limited supply of BSN nurses hinders efforts to increase patient care quality and address health disparities. In largely rural and economically disadvantaged areas, associate degree prepared nurses provide the majority of nursing services. To address a statewide need, a BSN Program and 3 ADN Programs formed a partnership to take BSN education to rural and medically underserved areas. This article describes the program planning, implementation, and evaluation using an adapted assessment framework with partnership principles as its foundation. Interactive television, internet education components, local clinical experiences, and distant nursing faculty liaisons were used. The nursing course sequence was completed by 101 of 102 students. Hall's Professionalism Scale, the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory, and the California Critical Thinking Skills Test measured the increases found in professional socialization and critical thinking. Use of the adapted theoretical framework represented a strategic approach to developing a distance delivered nursing education program.

  12. Improving Clinical Teaching: The ADN Experience. Pathways to Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haase, Patricia T.; And Others

    Three Florida associate degree in nursing (ADN) demonstration projects of the Nursing Curriculum Project (NCP) are described, and the history of the ADN program and current controversies are reviewed. In 1976, the NCP of the Southern Regional Education Board issued basic assumptions about the role of the ADN graduate, relating them to client…

  13. Current Issues Related to Associate Degree Nursing: Their Impact on Directors, Faculty, and Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavenar, Mary G.

    Perceptions of students, faculty members, and associate degree nursing (ADN) program directors/coordinators concerning seven issues affecting ADN programs were obtained in 1982. The issues, which were identified through a review of the literature, were: entry into practice, professional and technical nurses, developing competency statements,…

  14. The Associate Degree Nursing Program at Rio Hondo College: A Research Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaels, Joseph

    During 1975-76, an evaluation of the Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) program at Rio Hondo College was undertaken which involved: (1) surveying all nursing graduates in the classes of 1973, 1974, and 1975, and all fourth semester students currently enrolled in the program; (2) surveying or interviewing all instructional staff for the ADN program;…

  15. ADN Programs Accredited by the National League for Nursing, 1974

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nursing Outlook, 1974

    1974-01-01

    The complete list of programs leading to an associate degree in nursing that are accredited by the National League for Nursing is presented, without annotation. The institutions are listed alphabetically by State. (Author/AJ)

  16. Nursing Student Retention in Associate Degree Nursing Programs Utilizing a Retention Specialist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrum, Ronna A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine specific variables associated with nursing student retention in Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) Programs. Jeffreys (2004) Nursing Undergraduate Retention and Success (NURS) conceptual model provided the framework for this descriptive correlational study. One hundred sixty eight pre-licensure associate degree…

  17. Transition from Associate's Degree in Nursing to Bachelor's of Science in Nursing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allar, Deborah T.

    2014-01-01

    Areas throughout the United States lack baccalaureate-prepared registered nurses to meet the health care needs of individuals, forcing health care providers to rely on associate degree nurses (ADN). In an effort to increase the numbers of Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) students, technical colleges and state and private universities have…

  18. A.D.N. Education: A Historical Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Anne Joachim

    Events in the history of Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) are summarized and the future of nursing education is projected in this paper. The establishment of the ADN program at St. Mary's Junior College in 1964 is considered first, with respect to its roots in the diploma program of St. Mary's School of Nursing and the ideas on nursing education of…

  19. Associate Degree Nursing Program Guide. Final Report from February 19, 1985 to August 31, 1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seminole Community Coll., Sanford, FL.

    This program guide is intended to help Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) instructors in Florida develop and/or update ADN programs. The first part is the final report of the project that developed the guide. Section I of the guide provides a description of the occupation, student admission criteria, retention and withdrawal standards, and program…

  20. The level and focus of geriatric nursing content in ADN and BSN programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fullerton, J T; Lantz, J; Quayhagen, M P

    1992-11-01

    The didactic and clinical focus of geriatric curriculum content within both associate (ADN) and baccalaureate (BSN) schools of nursing in California was reviewed. Geriatric nursing content experts confirmed the detail of a geriatric nursing curriculum, then determined which of the content items were basic to both educational levels, and which might be appropriately deferred to programs of baccalaureate preparation. Nurse educators may use the results of this study to guide curriculum development in both depth and breadth of content.

  1. ADN to BSN: lessons from human capital theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graf, Christina M

    2006-01-01

    Currently, approximately 16% of associate degree nursing (ADN) graduates acquire baccalaureate or higher degrees. Human capital analysis demonstrated negative to minimal average returns on investment (ROI) in BSN education. Increasing the ROI may influence ADNs to pursue baccalaureate education and can be an effective strategy for meeting the projected need for BSN-prepared nurses.

  2. Registered Nurse (Associate Degree).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

    This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of registered nurse (with an associate degree), lists technical competencies and competency builders for 19 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general and 5 units specific to the occupation of registered nurse. The following…

  3. Do Associate Degree Registered Nurses Fare Differently in the Nurse Labor Market Compared to Baccalaureate-Prepared RNs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auerbach, David I; Buerhaus, Peter I; Staiger, Douglas O

    2015-01-01

    Roughly 40% of the nearly 3 million registered nurses (RNs) in the United States have an associate's degree (ADN) as their highest level of nursing education. Yet even before the recent Institute of Medicine report on The Future of Nursing, employers of RNs have increasingly preferred baccalaureate-prepared RNs (BSNs), at least anecdotally. Data from the American Community Survey (2003-2013) were analyzed with respect to employment setting, earnings, and employment outcomes of ADN and BSN-prepared RNs. The data reveal a divergence in employment setting: the percentage of ADN-prepared RNs employed in hospitals dropped from 65% to 60% while the percentage of BSN-prepared RNs employed in hospitals grew from 67% to 72% over this period. Many ADNs who would have otherwise been employed in hospitals seem to have shifted to long-term care settings.

  4. A unique strategy for pediatric community health nursing for ADN students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janvier, K A

    1999-01-01

    Students were overwhelmingly positive when given the opportunity to evaluate the pilot project and the model of pediatric community health nursing. According to the students, the strong points of the model were the orientation before the community experience, the presence of faculty of the community, the ability to contact faculty when needed, and the postclinical conference. The students' comments confirmed the faculty's belief that a clinical experience in community health nursing must place more emphasis on the specialty of community health nursing to be meaningful for students. To do the of job of educating tomorrow's nurses, ADN faculty should develop new strategies for teaching the pediatric clinical component of community health nursing. Clearly, hospitals are no longer the exclusive sites where students learn about patient and family needs and nursing care delivery. Community-based and community-focused experiences will continue to be required so that nursing students are prepared to practice in a dynamic and changing healthcare environment.

  5. Predictors for Associate Degree Nursing Students' First Attempt on NCLEX-RN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Barbara A.

    2011-01-01

    Nursing program administrators need to identify significant predictors for associate degree nursing (ADN) students to determine characteristics of those who will most likely pass the NCLEX-RN® on the first attempt. The purpose of the quantitative study with a correlation prediction design was to determine if a relationship existed between the…

  6. Integrative Review of Admission Factors Related to Associate Degree Nursing Program Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Jeanette M

    2017-02-01

    High attrition in associate degree nursing (ADN) programs contributes to the nursing shortage and causes hardship for students, families, faculty, colleges, and taxpayers. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to identify admission criteria related to ADN program success to inform evidence-based admission policies and reduce attrition. Integrative review methodology, suggested by Whittemore and Knafl, was used. A systematic search of existing professional literature was conducted using five databases and key word searches. The final sample included 26 documents that were analyzed and synthesized with the matrix method. Five categories of admission criteria and factors related to success in ADN programs were revealed from the analysis of findings: academic aptitude, demographic factors, psychological hardiness, specialty skills and experience, and socioeconomic support. ADN programs with a goal of decreasing attrition may want to implement admission selection guidelines that consider applicant criteria and attributes across all five dimensions. [J Nurs Educ. 2017;56(2):85-93.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  7. LVN to ADN: Innovative, Non-Traditional Learning Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin Community Coll., TX.

    This document contains the curriculum for the first nursing course in the Licensed Vocational Nurse Mobility Track Project. The project is designed to provide selected Licensed Vocational Nurses (LVNs) the opportunity to complete the nursing course requirements for an Associate of Applied Science Degree in Nursing (ADN) in three semesters of…

  8. Relationship of Academic Variables to National Council for Licensure Examination for Registered Nurse Performance of Graduates in a Selected Associate Degree Nursing Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naron, Rosarica G.; Widlak, Frederic

    This report addresses the unstable and unsatisfactory performance of Chicago, Illinois' Olive-Harvey College's (OHC) associate degree nursing (ADN) graduates on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). An ex post facto correlation study was designed to determine the worthiness of pre-nursing admission course…

  9. LPN/ADN Bridge Course. Instructor's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Jan; And Others

    This curriculum guide has been constructed in order to bridge the skills gap between licensed practical nursing (LPN) programs and associate degree nursing (ADN) programs in Missouri. The curriculum was developed through a cooperative effort by persons from both sectors. The curriculum contains four major units, each consisting of several lessons,…

  10. Curriculum analysis of home health content in associate degree and baccalaureate degree nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zink, M R

    1989-03-01

    A statewide study was done with five associate degree (ADN) and five baccalaureate degree (BSN) nursing programs in Georgia to examine the similarities and differences in curriculum based on a nationally used model. From this overall study, select content related to community/home health care was evaluated in the sample programs. Professional standards for community and home health care nursing practice, as well as other published literature on the topic, provided a basis to determine competence to practice. Data were collected through a taped telephone interview to all program chairpersons (N = 10) and mailed questionnaires to faculty involved with all required courses (N = 110). Content analyses of responses allowed for evaluation of frequency of these learning activities between ADN and BSN programs and among BSN programs in the areas of family, teaching, interdisciplinary collaboration, physical assessment, and leadership. Overall, the results indicated lack of conclusive data to support a distinct difference in these educational components between the ADN and BSN sample or among BSN programs. The study was intended to service as a basis for home health care curriculum development in the future.

  11. Auto-Tutorial Anatomy and Physiology for Associate Degree Nursing Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackie, Marlena Kay Baldrige

    A prototype for the development of an auto-tutorial course in anatomy and physiology for adult learners in Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) was implemented in the fall semester, 1980, at Waukesha County Technical Institute in Pewaukee, Wisconsin. The format of the two-semester course consists of two hours of scheduled lecture time and three hours of…

  12. Registered Nurse Education and the Registered Nurse Job Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Howard Allan

    This effort compares the graduates of the three types of Registered Nurse (RN) education programs (three-year Diploma in Nursing, two-year Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN), and four-year Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing). The basic objective is to determine whether they are perfect substitutes, especially whether ADN graduates can adequately…

  13. The Oklahoma PN/ADN Articulation Project Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, Oklahoma City.

    In response to a critical nursing shortage in the state of Oklahoma, the Oklahoma Practical Nursing (PN)/Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) Articulation Project Coordinating Committee was formed in spring 1990 to develop a proposal for program articulation. A curriculum matrix was designed and adopted for use by five regional subcommittees which…

  14. Differences in clinical experiences of ADN and BSN students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oermann, M H

    1998-05-01

    Prior research has suggested that clinical experience for nursing students is stressful. Concern about making an error and harming the patient, limited knowledge and skills for practice, and difficulties in interacting with the teacher and others in the clinical setting are some of the stressors reported by students. Few studies have compared these stresses and the clinical experiences in general between students in associate degree (ADN) and baccalaureate (BSN) nursing programs. The purposes of this research were to compare the clinical experiences of ADN and BSN students at different levels in the programs and describe these experiences from the students' perspectives. As such, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 415 students in ADN and BSN programs in the Midwest. The ADN students reported significantly higher stress in clinical practice than BSN students (t = 2.16, p ADN and BSN students in clinical practice increased as they progressed through the programs. The semester prior to graduation was the most stressful time in terms of clinical practice for both ADN and BSN students. The instructor was the predominant stressor reported by students in ADN programs across all levels of the curriculum. Among BSN students, the most prevalent stresses were coping with demands associated with patient care and the clinical teacher. The findings highlight the important role of the clinical faculty in both types of nursing programs.

  15. Predicting Success for Nontraditional Students in an Afternoon and Evening/Weekend Associate Degree in Nursing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Hernani Luison, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Mount St. Mary's College has offered a nontraditional Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) Program since 1992. The program has an afternoon and evening/weekend format. There has been one previous research study published in 2005 that described the student population that Mount St. Mary's College serves. This present study will examine the…

  16. Predicting Success for Nontraditional Students in an Afternoon and Evening/Weekend Associate Degree in Nursing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Hernani Luison, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Mount St. Mary's College has offered a nontraditional Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) Program since 1992. The program has an afternoon and evening/weekend format. There has been one previous research study published in 2005 that described the student population that Mount St. Mary's College serves. This present study will examine the…

  17. Dysrhythmia management content in ADN and BSN curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, Trisha; Duske, Shawna; Anderson, Mary Ann; Hill, Pamela

    2008-07-01

    The purposes of this study were to compare nurse educators' perceptions of the importance of selected dysrhythmia management competencies for the graduates of associate degree in nursing (ADN) and baccalaureate of science in nursing (BSN) programs, and to compare what related content is taught at the ADN and BSN level for dysrhythmia management. A quantitative, nonexperimental design with a mailed survey was used to compare how nurse educators perceive the importance of dysrhythmia competencies in selected ADN and BSN programs in the states of Illinois and Iowa, and to determine what related content is taught. A total of 33 ADN and 24 BSN programs returned the survey for a 58.2% (57 of 98) response rate. Results indicated that ADN and BSN faculty in Illinois and Iowa perceived that selected dysrhythmia management content is important and that such content is currently provided at both the ADN and BSN level. Health care institutions can have confidence that new graduates from either educational preparation have had dysrhythmia management content and can expand their level of expertise.

  18. Role Preparation of Associate Degree Graduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokes, Lillian G.

    The role of associate degree nursing (ADN) programs has changed dramatically in their 30 years of existence. The number of ADN graduates increased from 260 in 1954 to 36,434 in 1980, and 47.8% of all nursing graduates in 1980 came from ADN programs, as compared to 0.9% in 1954. These graduates have the best record of employment five years after…

  19. Predictors of NCLEX-RN Success of Associate Degree Graduates: A Correlational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kehm, Bonny J.

    2013-01-01

    The outcome of Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) students not passing the initial National Council of Licensure Examination for Registered Nursing (NCLEX-RN) can adversely affect schools of nursing. This failure also adversely affects the national nursing shortage. The declining national pass rates on the NCLEX-RN for ADN graduates and the increasing…

  20. Comparison of evidenced and expected ADN competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burch, S; Joyce-Nagata, B; Reeb, R

    1991-01-01

    These study findings indicate that nursing service administrators in the State of Mississippi expect strong technical level skills from the ADN. Congruency between nursing education and nursing service was validated. The predominance of role competencies outlined by nurse educators were validated as both expected and evidenced for the ADN in the State of Mississippi. Competencies need to be continually evaluated to reflect changes in the health delivery system as related to the ADN.

  1. Said another way. Is the ADN graduate prepared to practice in community settings?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Percoco, T A

    1998-01-01

    The downsizing and closing of acute care facilities and the movement to community-based healthcare services are decreasing the need for RNs in acute care facilities. In the past, the associate-degree nurse (ADN) has filled the majority of positions in acute care. With the trend to provide health services in community setting, will the ADN be prepared for positions in community facilities? ADN educators must reevaluate how they are educating students for practice. The author reviews the 1995 recommendations from the Pew Health Professions Commission and relevant current directives from the National League for Nursing.

  2. Analyzing ADN competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, P R

    1989-01-01

    El Paso Community College District, using the DACUM Process, identified 19 major competency areas with 313 specific competencies for AD Nursing. This article provides an overview of the DACUM Process, a discussion of the application to the ADN program, a summary of the results, and future activities.

  3. Scholarship in nursing: Degree-prepared nurses versus diploma-prepared nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lizeth Roets

    2016-12-01

    Conclusion: The global nursing crisis, nor the nursing profession, will benefit by only training more nurses. The profession and the health care sector need more degree prepared nurses to improve scholarship in nursing.

  4. Nursing Transition: An Individualized Course To Promote Mobility from the LVN to RN Role. Registered Nurse Shortage Project. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irwin, Marcia; Malague, Marianne

    To address a regional shortage of registered nurses (RN's), a special transition course was developed at the North Harris Montgomery Community College District in Houston, Texas, to allow licensed vocational nurses to articulate into the second year of a two-year Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) program. Students completing the ADN program are…

  5. Competency of Graduate Nurses as Perceived by Nurse Preceptors and Nurse Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wise, Vanessa

    2013-01-01

    As newly graduated associate degree nurses (ADN) and baccalaureate degree nurses (BSN) enter into the workforce, they must be equipped to care for a complex patient population; therefore, the purpose of this study was to address the practice expectations and clinical competency of new nurses as perceived by nurse preceptors and nurse managers.…

  6. Adaptive Competency Acquisition: Why LPN-to-ADN Career Mobility Education Programs Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyle-Rogers, Patricia G.

    Adaptive competencies are the skills required to effectively complete a particular task and are the congruencies (balance) between personal skills and task demands. The differences between the adaptive competency acquisition of students in licensed practical nurse (LPN) programs and associate degree nurse (ADN) programs were examined in a…

  7. Feasibility of an LPN to ADN Articulation Program at LSUA. Vocational Education Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louisiana State Univ., Alexandria.

    A feasibility study examined the need for and likelihood of success for a Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) to Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) articulation program for Louisiana State University (LSU) at Alexandria. Following a literature search on the theoretical establishment and implementation of such a program, three schools with successful…

  8. Differences in patient rating of care provided by BSN and ADN students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis-Martin, S; Skalak, C

    1992-01-01

    Nursing has discussed widely and with fervor the level of education required to provide quality nursing care for clients. No clear consensus has developed but studies tend to show that especially in the hospital setting, baccalaureate (BSN) and associate degree (ADN) nurses initially practice at a similar level. No studies identified compared patient ratings of BSN and ADN nurses. In this study ratings of care provided by BSN and ADN students were compared. Patients, students and instructors rated the student sample using Watson's Patient Satisfaction Rating Scale. Using Pearson correlations and t-tests, the overall satisfaction with care was assessed as "very positive" by patients, faculty and students alike. A significant correlation was found between faculty and patient ratings. Results support earlier findings and demonstrate similarities rather than differences in care provided by the two levels of students. Implications for nursing education and practice are discussed.

  9. Patentando ADN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Augusto Conde Gutiérrez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Los sistemas de patentes en los países desarrollados han hecho diferentes interpretaciones o creado nuevos estándares con el fin de adoptar secuencias de ADN como una entidad patentable, independientemente del hecho de que el ADN en principio no cumplía los requisitos para obtener una patente (novedad, nivel inventivo y aplicación industrial –utilidad– y materia objeto de patentes. Este enfoque benefició I&D en la industria de la biotecnología. Sin embargo, las patentes representan también una amenaza para I&D. Este artículo analiza cómo los sistemas de patentes en Europa adoptaron las secuencias de ADN y cómo podría afectar a las patentes I&D en biotecnología.

  10. LPN to ADN/BSN: accelerated curriculum for LPN's.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White-Parson, W F

    1993-01-01

    This article describes a special project involving the design, implementation and evaluation of a flexible education track for licensed practical nurses (LPN) within an established nursing program containing an associate degree in nursing (ADN) track and a baccalaureate degree in nursing (BSN) track. The LPN track facilitated the achievement of the associate degree or baccalaureate degree through curricular options which decreased the length of time and/or credit load for the LPN. A mechanism also was designed and implemented whereby credit for previous nursing knowledge and skills was awarded. Years 1 through 3 of the project focused on the advanced placement of LPNs into the associate degree program, and years 4 and 5 are an expansion to include the advanced placement of LPNs into the baccalaureate degree program.

  11. Comparison of role conception and role deprivation in LPN-transition students and traditional ADN students in a specially designed associate program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lengacher, C A; Keller, R

    1992-02-01

    This study compared differences in role orientation and role deprivation between 41 LPN-transition students and 123 basic traditional associate degree nursing (ADN) students upon entry and exit to a specially designed ADN program. The Corwin Role Conception Scale was used to assess role conception and deprivation. Statistically significant differences were noted upon entry between LPN-transition students and traditional ADN students in professional and service role conceptions and in role deprivation, upon exit in professional role conception and role deprivation between LPN-transition and traditional ADN students, and in professional role conception within the LPN-transition students. No differences were found within traditional ADN students from entry to exit of the program.

  12. Role of Community and Technical Colleges in Producing Nursing Graduates: Rethinking the Pipeline for Guided Pathways. Research Report 17-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, 2017

    2017-01-01

    Though it is still possible to enter the nursing profession with a Licensed Practical Nursing Certificate (LPN) or an Associate's Degree in Nursing (ADN), it is becoming increasingly necessary to get a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) in order to be assured of continued employment. The Associate in Applied Science-T Nursing Degree prepares…

  13. Academic Dishonesty among Associate Degree Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krueger, Linda M.

    2013-01-01

    This quantitative study identified socio-demographic and situational conditions that affected 336 nursing students' engagement in academic dishonesty, their attitudes regarding various forms of academic dishonesty, and the prevalence of academic dishonesty they witnessed and engaged in. Over half of the participants reported cheating in the…

  14. Academic Dishonesty among Associate Degree Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krueger, Linda M.

    2013-01-01

    This quantitative study identified socio-demographic and situational conditions that affected 336 nursing students' engagement in academic dishonesty, their attitudes regarding various forms of academic dishonesty, and the prevalence of academic dishonesty they witnessed and engaged in. Over half of the participants reported cheating in the…

  15. Short of transformation: American ADN students' thoughts, feelings, and experiences of studying abroad in a low-income country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foronda, Cynthia L; Belknap, Ruth Ann

    2012-06-03

    ADN students are a large yet distinct subgroup of nursing students who require research and understanding. The purpose of this study was to describe the thoughts, feelings, and experiences of American associate degree nursing (ADN) students who participated in a short study abroad course in a low-income country. A qualitative, narrative method was used. Three categories emerged from the analysis. Participants revealed thoughts of "constant comparisons", feelings of an "emotional journey", and they experienced "learning". Participants did not demonstrate perspective transformation as defined by Mezirow as participants signified no intent for social action. Several potential blocks to perspective transformation were identified: egocentrism/emotional disconnect, perceived powerlessness/being overwhelmed, and a vacation mindset. The findings provide insight into the student experience of studying abroad. Transformative learning is not a guaranteed result. Nurse educators must consider strategies to foster transformation including discussing global systemic oppressors, international relations, coping, connecting, and social action.

  16. Examining Harasim's Online Collaborative Learning Theory for Nursing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breen, Henny

    2013-01-01

    Online nursing education has been evolving at a rapid pace as it is recognized as offering the flexibility needed for practicing associate degree (ADN) and diploma prepared Registered Nurses to return to school to earn their BSN. At the same time, there is a paradigm shift in how nursing education is delivered. The focus has shifted from content…

  17. [Evidence-based practice competence in undergraduate Nursing Degree students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruzafa-Martínez, María; Molina-Salas, Yolanda; Ramos-Morcillo, Antonio Jesús

    2016-01-01

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) learning has become a key issue for nurses. An EPB subject was included in the 4(th) year in the new syllabus of the Nursing Degree at University of Murcia (UM). To know the competence level in EBP of undergraduate nursing students at UM and compare the results between all four years. Observational descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach. undergraduate nursing students from all four years at Nursing Degree at the Faculty of Social and Healthcare Science at UM in the year 2013-14. EBP evaluation of competence of the nursing students consisted of attitude, skills and knowledge on EBP. A validated questionnaire, the EBP-COQ, was used. The scale range is 1 point «lowest level» to 5 points «higher level».The SPSS 21.0 program has been used to carry out descriptive and bivariate analyses. 144 students were included, 76.4% was female, and the median age was 23 years, 84.7% attended more than 75% class hours. The mean differences in the questionnaire between first and fourth years were 0.58 points in attitude, 0.60 in skills, 1.6 in knowledge and 0.83 in global competence in EBP. Significant differences in mean scores between the fourth and the remaining years in the global competence in EBP were observed, as well as in the three dimensions (p <0.05). The undergraduate-nursing students studied here have acquired an appropriate competence level in EBP, with a gradual increase by year. The biggest increase was in the fourth year students. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  18. A work-study course in an ADN program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farley, V M; Tyree, A

    1991-01-01

    This article describes a nursing student practicum in which students enrolled in the ADN program experience the real world of work over a five week period of time. The student's role and the RN mentor's role are described, as well as a report on the findings of this unique clinical elective in a basic nursing program.

  19. Utilizing Human Patient Simulators (HPS) to Meet Learning Objectives across Concurrent Core Nursing Courses: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Charman L.; Leadingham, Camille; Vance, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) faculty are challenged by the monumental responsibility of preparing students to function as safe, professional nurses in a two year course of study. Advances in computer technology and emphasis on integrating technology and active learning strategies into existing course structures have prompted many nurse educators…

  20. Factors influencing the choice of a nursing or a non-nursing degree: a multicenter, cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dante, Angelo; Graceffa, Giuseppina; Del Bello, Matteo; Rizzi, Lorena; Ianderca, Barbara; Battistella, Nadia; Bulfone, Teresa; Grando, Roberta; Zuliani, Stefania; Casetta, Anica; Palese, Alvisa

    2014-12-01

    Current literature has paid increasing attention to the factors influencing career decisions; nevertheless, few studies have compared candidates that have chosen a nursing versus a non-nursing degree. A multicenter, cross-sectional study design was performed to explore whether or not certain individual variables and having inaccurate data about nursing as a profession influenced the choice of a non-nursing degree. Six non-nursing and three nursing degree programs offered by two public Italian universities were involved. A total of 507 students who had just enrolled in non-nursing degree programs and 202 in nursing degree programs were invited to complete a questionnaire comprising 12 closed items. Overall, from 40.0% to 57.1% of the variation in choosing a degree other than nursing was explained by variables such as age, and having inaccurate data on the nursing profession. For each year over 19 years of age, the likelihood that the student would decide to enroll in a nursing degree program increases. For each wrong answer reported on the questionnaire evaluating knowledge on nursing profession, there was a reduction of approximately six times in the likelihood that the student would enroll in a nursing degree program. Information regarding the nursing profession should be offered in early stages of life; in addition, offering accurate data on the profession is a key factor in evaluating the congruence of the career with the individual's personal motivations, aspirations, and talents.

  1. La prueba de ADN

    OpenAIRE

    Carro Fernández, José Roberto

    2015-01-01

    Podríamos decir sin riesgo a equivocarnos que, en España, el momento procesal penal en lo tocante a la prueba de ADN pasa por un momento de crisis. Y no en lo referente a su valor probatorio, pues éste está fuera de toda duda y así lo estableció el mismo Tribunal Supremo el 24 de febrero de 1995 al considerar que “la prueba de ADN no es técnicamente determinante, pero sí de alta probabilidad”. Ahora bien, esta validez jurídica no resuelve otros aspectos como podrían ser si la toma de la muest...

  2. Assimilation Dynamic Network (ADN) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Assimilation Dynamic Network (ADN) is a dynamic inter-processor communication network that spans heterogeneous processor architectures, unifying components,...

  3. Smoking behaviour of student nurses enrolled in diploma, associate degree and undergraduate nursing programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rausch, J C; Zimmerman, G; Hopp, J; Lee, J

    1987-01-01

    Because the literature shows that cigarette smoking is a major causative factor in the occurrence of chronic illness, lung cancer is becoming more common in women than breast cancer, nurses smoke more than any other group of health care providers and studies have not examined differences of smoking among the associate degree, undergraduate and diploma levels of nursing, this study was designed to examine selected health behaviours and their relationship to cigarette use among Alabama senior student nurses, and to determine smoking prevalence by level of educational preparation. A sample of senior associate degree, undergraduate and diploma student nurses in Alabama responded to an 87-item questionnaire which was personally administered by the investigator in a classroom setting. Twenty-two of the 87 items were used to compile the demographics, prevalences and health behaviours reported here. The remaining items were used to develop a sequence of information required to test Ajzen and Fishbein's Theory of Reasoned Action and are beyond the scope of this article. Though there was no significant difference of smoking prevalence among educational levels, there was a trend for increased smoking from undergraduate to diploma level with prevalences of: total sample, 26.2%; diploma, 30%; associate degree, 26%; and undergraduate, 24%. Health behaviours which were significantly different between smoking and non-smoking student nurses were breakfast frequency and coffee consumption. Having a regular exercise routine was not significant. Males smoked significantly more than females. More older nurses (over 40 years) smoked than younger nurses. The findings reported here are useful to the development of health education strategies designed to reduce and prevent cigarette use among student nurses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  4. Differences in stress and challenge in clinical practice among ADN and BSN students in varying clinical courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oermann, M H; Standfest, K M

    1997-05-01

    There is limited research on student perceptions of their clinical experiences particularly in different clinical courses and settings. The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of stress, challenge, and threat associated with clinical practice experiences among ADN and BSN nursing students enrolled in various clinical courses and settings. The Pagana Clinical Stress Questionnaire was used to assess the clinical experiences of 416 undergraduate nursing students from 10 randomly selected associate degree (ADN) and baccalaureate (BSN) programs in the midwest. Significant differences were found across clinical courses (F[5,399] = 9.58, p < .0001) and settings (F[2,386] = 4.63, p = .01) in terms of students' stress. Stress was highest for students enrolled in pediatric nursing courses. ANOVA indicated significant differences across clinical courses in the degree of challenge and threat experienced by students. There were no differences in any of the variables studied when students had faculty from the nursing program or preceptors from the clinical setting as their teachers.

  5. [New ways of higher education in nursing: globalisation of nursing leadership and its teaching--dual degree in nursing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pop, Marcel; Hollós, Sándor; Vingender, István; Mészáros, Judit

    2009-03-08

    Our paper is presenting a new initiative regarding an international cooperation willing to develop a dual degree program in nursing, the so-called Transatlantic Curriculum in Nursing. The candidates--after successful completion of their studies--will get a European and an American partner diploma in nursing. The objective is to prepare an internationally and culturally competent workforce; develop the practice of nursing students' exchange programs; process the model of dual degree independent of geographical, political or cultural borders; spread the evidence-based nursing standards in the daily practice. The partners in this initiative are Semmelweis University in Budapest, Hungary, Nazareth College of Rochester, NY, USA and Laurea University in Tikkurila, Finland. The planned activities in the framework of the program: mutual student and staff mobility, joint curriculum development and teaching process, determining joint standards. The expected outcomes are: to develop a standardised model for the enhancement and implementation of international educational programs in nursing; to improve institutional work culture; to improve professional terminology and cultural abilities; to create the model of a new type of nursing professional having a high level of cultural and language competence which are indispensable for participating in global programs.

  6. The leadership/management role: a differentiating factor for ADN/BSN programs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schank, M J; Stollenwerk, R

    1988-06-01

    The resurgence of the ADN/BSN issue relative to educational preparation and roles and the concomitant development of positions taken by the professional associations and National Commission on Nursing pointed to the need for study of current ADN/BSN curricula and utilization of graduates. Based upon a brief historical literature review and ADN/BSN competency statements, the leadership/management role was selected for study as a possible differentiating factor between these programs. Findings from a statewide study of ADN and BSN programs and a representative sample of nurse executives indicated that an education and service dilemma exists relative to this role. The majority of ADN program directors noted that a leadership/management component should be part of ADN curricula, whereas BSN program directors did not concur. Nurse executives utilized ADN graduates in leadership/management positions and stated that length of experience was an influencing factor in selection. Numerous other findings showed a discrepancy in beliefs and practices among educators and nurse executives. This survey demonstrates the need for curriculum changes and role clarification. The leadership/management role may be a viable area for consideration.

  7. Predicting Success Using HESI A2 Entrance Tests in an Associate Degree Nursing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodman, Susan

    2012-01-01

    A challenge presented to nurse educators is retention of nursing students. This has led nursing faculty to review admission requirements and question how well entrance tests predict success in Associate Degree Nursing Programs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the HESI Admission Assessment Exam (HESI A2) and…

  8. Student and faculty perceptions of effective clinical instructors in ADN programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gignac-Caille, A M; Oermann, M H

    2001-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of associate degree nursing (ADN) students and faculty of characteristics of effective clinical teachers and determine whether there were differences between these two groups. A survey was conducted of 292 students in various levels of their ADN programs and 59 faculty members from the same five programs, which were randomly selected from across Michigan. Data were collected using the Nursing Clinical Effectiveness Inventory, which includes 48 characteristics of effective clinical instructors arranged in five subscales. Students identified "demonstrates clinical skills and judgment" as the most important characteristic of effective clinical instructors, while faculty identified "explains clearly" as the most important characteristic. There was agreement on 6 of the top 10 characteristics identified by both groups. Both groups rated "directs student to useful literature in nursing" as the least important characteristic of effective clinical instructors. The students' and faculty's perceptions of effective clinical instructors differed by subscales, with students identifying evaluation characteristics as most important (mean = 4.73, SD = .42) and faculty identifying interpersonal relationships as most important (mean = 4.72, SD = .31). A t test indicated a significant difference between student and faculty means for the interpersonal relationships subscales, with faculty rating this group of characteristics as more important than students did (t = 2.49, p = .0 14).

  9. Opening Doors to Nursing Degrees: A Proposal from Ontario's Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colleges Ontario, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Ontario needs to expand nursing education options to improve access to the nursing profession, create better pathways amongst all nursing occupations, and build Ontario's capacity to meet the province's long-term nursing needs. Ontario's colleges are capable of playing a larger role within a long-term provincial strategy for sustaining and…

  10. Medication Administration: Measuring Associate Degree Nursing Student Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowell, Debra L.

    2016-01-01

    The American Nurse Association's (ANA) provisions outline the commitment expected of nurses to protect the community from harm. Medication administration coincides with patient safety as a compelling obligation in nursing practice. The study's purpose was to examine retention of medication safety knowledge among first year nursing students, after…

  11. Transition to work and the career destinations of double degree nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickey, Noelene; Harrison, Linda; Sumsion, Jennifer

    2013-08-01

    Abstract One third of undergraduate nursing students in Australia are studying nursing concurrently with another undergraduate degree. This study examined the career preferences of double degree (DD) nursing students and the career destinations of graduates to gain an understanding of the reasons why nursing is chosen or not chosen. The design was a sequential mixed methods explanatory study. Questionnaires and interviews collected information during the final year of the DD, on commencement of work, and after 2 years in the workforce. Results revealed less than half of final year students indicated a preference for nursing, but 60-73% were employed in nursing after graduation. Career decisions were influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic rewards unique to nursing but also the other discipline. Practicum experiences and location of work were also important factors. Strategies are needed to avoid losing potential nursing graduates to other disciplines at a time of nursing staff shortages.

  12. The Value of Education in a Licensed Profession: The Choice of Associate or Baccalaureate Degrees in Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spetz, Joanne

    2002-01-01

    Assesses the relative value to Register Nurses of associate degree, baccalaureate degree, and nursing diploma. Finds that while lifetime return for baccalaureate degree is less than the associate degree, 30 percent of new nurses choose to obtain baccalaureate degrees because of personal characteristics and increased likelihood of obtaining career…

  13. From the Eye of the Nurses: 360-Degree Evaluation of Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogunyemi, Dotun; Gonzalez, Gustavo; Fong, Alex; Alexander, Carolyn; Finke, David; Donnon, Tyrone; Azziz, Ricardo

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: Evaluations from the health care team can provide feedback useful in guiding residents' professional growth. We describe the significance of 360-degree evaluation of residents by the nursing staff. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 1642 nurses' anonymous evaluations on 26 residents from 2004 to 2007 was performed. Nurses'…

  14. Why nursing? Applying a socio-ecological framework to study career choices of double degree nursing students and graduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickey, Noelene; Sumsion, Jennifer; Harrison, Linda

    2013-08-01

    To report a study that investigated the career development, aspirations, and choices of undergraduate students and graduates of nursing double degree programmes. Over one-third of Australian undergraduate nursing students study by double degree mode. Their career destinations will have an impact on the availability of graduates in a time of nursing shortages, but little is known about why nursing students choose double degrees or take up a career in nursing vs. the other specialization. A qualitative study using two longitudinal methods. The study was conducted in 2008-2009 with 68 participants from an Australian regional university offering double degrees in nursing. A time series method involved interviews with 12 first year students followed by focus group interviews with 22 final year students. A longitudinal method involved repeated interviews with 34 graduates. Interview transcripts were analysed thematically. Enrolment in a double degree was influenced by advice from significant others; previous experiences of health care; and the anticipated rewards associated with a choice of two careers. Career development and decisions of undergraduates were influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic rewards distinctive to each area of specialization and marketing and job availability. For graduates, the impact of workplace experiences such as prior practicums and past and present workplace support were foremost. This study provides previously unknown information about double degree nursing students' and graduates' career development and career choices over time. A socio-ecological framework adapted to nursing enabled a broad understanding of the many environments and contexts that confirm or discourage a nursing career. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  15. Development of a nursing practice based competency model for the Flemish master of nursing and obstetrics degree.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Clercq, Gerlinde; Goelen, Guido; Danschutter, Dirk; Vermeulen, Joeri; Huyghens, Luc

    2011-01-01

    The aim was to identify a set of competences for the Flemish academic Master of Nursing and Obstetrics degree that answer perceived needs in health care. The competency model was to demonstrate a degree of consensus among key nurses. The study was conducted in all Flemish hospitals registered to have 400 beds or more. Head nurses of surgery, geriatrics and intensive care units were eligible to participate, as well as one nurse from administration per hospital. A two round Delphi process allowed participants to comment on items identified in an analysis of existing international competency profiles of master level nurses and adapted to the Flemish context. Competences agreed to by 90% of the respondents were considered to have consensus. Fifteen out of 19 eligible hospitals were recruited in the study, 45 nurses participated in the Delphi panel. Consensus was reached on 31 competences that can be assigned to 5 nurse's roles: nursing expert, innovator, researcher, educator and manager. The resulting competency profile is in accordance with published profiles for similar programs. The reported study demonstrates a practical method to develop a consensus competency model for an academic master program based on the input of key individuals in mainstream nursing.

  16. [Evidence-based practice in nursing curricula: the experience of nursing degree course of Reggio Emilia. A pilot study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finotto, Stefano; Chiesi, Ivens; Mecugni, Daniela; Casali, Patrizia; Doro, Lucia Maria Grazia; Lusetti, Simona

    2010-01-01

    Given the lack of evidence in literature concerning the presence of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) in nursing curricula, but considering its importance in order to educate future nurses to use critical thinking and to base their practice on scientific evidence, tutors and nursing teachers of the Nursing Degree Course of Reggio Emilia (Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia), have decided to introduce a three-year laboratory of EBP. The purposes of this project are: to describe the three-year EBP laboratory of Nursing Degree, its objectives, its structure, its integration with practical training and nursing subjects and its students evaluation strategies; to get students verify the perception of the usefulness of the three-year EBP laboratory regarding the elaboration of the graduation thesis, the search for appropriatem answers for patients met during clinical trainings and the usefulness of the EBP process in view of the development of their professional career. The design of research of this pilot study is correlation-descriptive. It has been selected a sample of convenience consisting of 56 nurses graduated in the autumn session of the academic year 2007-2008. For data collection we have used an electronic questionnaire (Microsoft Word with closed fields) structured for the purpose. The laboratory has been effective in learning to use the database to search for evidences and to use the database to search for evidences related to nursing problems met in training placements. Finally, graduated nurses consider the EBP process an essential element of professional nursing luggage. Although the sample is restricted the results indicates the good educational choice made by our Nursing Degree Course of integrating the EBP Laboratory in the curriculum.

  17. Using a Socioecological Framework to Understand the Career Choices of Single- and Double-Degree Nursing Students and Double-Degree Graduates

    OpenAIRE

    Noelene Hickey; Linda Harrison; Jennifer Sumsion

    2012-01-01

    Untested changes in nursing education in Australia, such as the introduction of double degrees in nursing, necessitate a new research approach to study nursing career pathways. A review of the literature on past and present career choice theories demonstrates these are inadequate to gain an understanding of contemporary nursing students' career choices. With the present worldwide shortage of nurses, an understanding of career choice becomes a critical component of recruitment and retention st...

  18. Personality Traits of Nurses in Anesthesia and Family Nurse Practitioner Masters Degree Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-02-01

    careers by acquiring on advanced clinical skills such as nurse anesthesia, family nurse practitioner or nurse midwifery . Nurses are drawn to specific... autonomy . Higher education is based on the premise that students with various motivations can be served by different institutions to reach their

  19. Hiring Intentions of Directors of Nursing Programs Related to DNP- and PhD-Prepared Faculty and Roles of Faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oermann, Marilyn H; Lynn, Mary R; Agger, Charlotte A

    2016-01-01

    This study surveyed administrators of associate degree in nursing (ADN) and bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) programs across the United States to identify hiring intentions and describe the roles and responsibilities of DNP- and PhD-prepared faculty members. The final sample included 253 ADN and 229 BSN programs. ADN programs were neither intentionally hiring nor looking to hire doctorally prepared nurse faculty. Deans and directors of BSN programs reported an average of 3 openings for the next academic year, 2 projected for new PhD-prepared faculty and 1 for a faculty member with a DNP. Schools have made varying decisions regarding the type of appointment (tenure or nontenure track) for DNP-prepared faculty members. Challenges that DNP-prepared faculty members encountered in meeting the role and promotion expectations in their schools focused predominantly on scholarship.

  20. Critical thinking skills of basic baccalaureate and Accelerated second-degree nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newton, Sarah E; Moore, Gary

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the critical thinking (CT) skills of basic baccalaureate (basic-BSN) and accelerated second-degree (ASD) nursing students at nursing program entry. Many authors propose that CT in nursing should be viewed as a developmental process that increases as students' experiences with it change. However, there is a dearth of literature that describes basic-BSN and ASD students' CT skills from an evolutionary perspective. The study design was exploratory descriptive. The results indicated thatASD students had higher CT scores on a quantitative critical thinking assessment at program entry than basic-BSN students. CT data are needed across the nursing curriculum from basic-BSN and ASD students in order for nurse educators to develop cohort-specific pedagogical approaches that facilitate critical thinking in nursing and produce nurses with good CT skills for the future.

  1. An Approach to the Teaching of Psychiatric Nursing in Diploma and Associate Degree Programs: Workshop Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National League for Nursing, New York, NY. Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing Advisory Service.

    This workshop was the third and final phase of a project to determine what goals, methods, content, and learning experiences in psychiatric-mental health nursing should be included in diploma and associate degree education for nursing in light of present day trends in psychiatric care. The project indicates that the hospital is no longer the focal…

  2. The Evaluation of Pre-Registration Undergraduate Degrees in Nursing and Midwifery Programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Terry; And Others

    England's preregistration undergraduate degree in nursing and midwifery programs were subjected to a comprehensive evaluation that included the following data collection activities: in-depth field studies of 26 of 32 three- and four-year undergraduate nursing and midwifery programs; individual interviews with 129 lecturers, 54 students, 52…

  3. Comparing Clinical Competencies between Nursing Students with Degrees and Traditional Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, P. Renee; Walker, Jean T.; Martin, Tina; Northington, LaDonna; Waltman, Patricia; Beacham, Tracilia; Grant, LaVerne

    2008-01-01

    Nursing students with second degrees have become the focus of great interest in the last two decades in terms of being an answer to the nursing shortage. They are thought to possess greater ability to critically think and engage in self directed learning behaviours, and possess greater motivation to master clinical skills. The purpose of this…

  4. An Evaluation of Service Learning for Associate Degree Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pauli, Valerie M.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of the service-learning requirement in the Associate of Science in Nursing (ASN) curriculum at the local college. The problem addressed in this study was that the local ASN program lacked formal evaluation of the service-learning requirement. Guided by Kolb's model of experiential learning, a…

  5. Evaluation of selected outcomes of an accelerated nursing degree program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouellet, Louiselle L; MacIntosh, Judy; Gibson, Cheryl H; Jefferson, Steven

    2008-02-01

    Accelerated or condensed programs in nursing have gained popularity over the last 10 years in Canada. They are designed to accommodate the learning needs of a special pool of learners with prior university education. These learners have expectations, abilities, and skills different from students in basic baccalaureate programs and so require instruction to suit their background. While accelerated programs have proliferated, there is little published evidence as to the actual number in Canada or on their effectiveness in preparing beginning practitioners who can meet the demands of the workplace. In this paper, the authors discuss selected outcomes of a pilot project wherein an accelerated option was examined as a feasible avenue for the education of Canadian professional nurses. Evaluation during and following the project was an integral component to contribute to an evidence base for nursing education decisions. Data were collected from two student cohorts and multiple stakeholders including faculty, employers, and nurse co-workers. Data were elicited on many variables but only four are addressed here. These are: scores on the national licensure examination, competency-to-practice rankings, student and employer perceptions of preparedness for practice, and manageability of students' stress levels during the program. The paper focuses on the findings pertaining to each variable and the lessons learned.

  6. Cultural competence in the baccalaureate degree nursing curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvestri, Angela

    Health care providers are members of a helping profession and need to provide quality care to all members of society. As a result of current and projected demographic changes within the United States (U.S.), health care professionals are faced with the challenges of providing culturally competent care and fulfilling the role as the "helping profession." In the past 10 years, minority populations have increased in the U.S. For example, the African American population experienced an approximate 12.3% increase, and the Hispanic population increased by 43%. Just as it is necessary for health care professionals to respond to the increase in the geriatric population as a result of the Baby Boomer generation, it is crucial to address the needs of an increasingly culturally diverse population in the U.S. Preparing to care for a culturally diverse population begins during the teaching and learning process in the nursing curriculum. This study intended to identify the methods in which nursing programs are integrating cultural concepts in their plan of study. Josepha Campinha-Bacote's model titled "The Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Health Care Services" was used as the theoretical framework to guide this study. Campinha-Bacote has studied transcultural nursing and has added to the current body of nursing knowledge with regard to incorporating cultural concepts in the nursing curriculum. This model requires health care professionals to see themselves as becoming culturally competent rather than being culturally competent and involves the integration of cultural awareness, cultural skill, cultural knowledge, cultural encounters, and cultural desire. An electronic survey was sent using Survey Monkey to 298 schools in the Northeast and Southern regions of the United States. The survey was sent on January 19, 2012 and remained open for 20 days. Once the survey closed, statistical analyses were conducted using frequencies and cross-tabluations, and the findings

  7. A comparison of the learning styles among different nursing programs in Taiwan: implications for nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuh-Shiow; Chen, Pei-Shih; Tsai, Su-Jen

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the learning style of students in a two-year and a five-year associate degree nursing program, and a two-year baccalaureate degree of nursing program in Taiwan. The Chinese version of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) form M is an instrument that measures individual preferences in four dichotomous dimensions of Jungian theory: extraversion/introversion; sensing/intuition; thinking/feeling; and judging/perceiving. The study sample included 425 nursing students: 94 students in a two-year associate degree of nursing (ADN) program, 235 students in a five-year ADN program, and 96 students in a two-year bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) program. Analyses of the data revealed that the most common learning styles were introversion, sensing, thinking, and judging (ISTJ) and introversion, sensing, feeling, and judging (ISFJ) among Taiwanese nursing students. The findings of the study indicated that the SJs comprised 41.3% of the participating nursing students. The SJ is a popular preference in nursing. A large sample is recommended for further research. This study can guide nursing educators in the design of classroom and clinical instructional strategies to respond to individual needs in order to enhance student success.

  8. Degree of value alignment - a grounded theory of rural nurse resignations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bragg, S M; Bonner, A

    2014-01-01

    The shortage of nurses willing to work in rural Australian healthcare settings continues to worsen. Australian rural areas have a lower retention rate of nurses than metropolitan counterparts, with more remote communities experiencing an even higher turnover of nursing staff. When retention rates are lower, patient outcomes are known to be poorer. This article reports a study that sought to explore the reasons why registered nurses resign from rural hospitals in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Using grounded theory methods, this study explored the reasons why registered nurses resigned from New South Wales rural hospitals. Data were collected from 12 participants using semi-structured interviews; each participant was a registered nurse who had resigned from a rural hospital. Nurses who had resigned due to retirement, relocation or maternity leave were excluded. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and imported into NVivo software. The constant comparative method of data collection and analysis was followed until a core category emerged. Nurses resigned from rural hospitals when their personal value of how nursing should occur conflicted with the hospital's organisational values driving the practice of nursing. These conflicting values led to a change in the degree of value alignment between the nurse and hospital. The degree of value alignment occurred in three dynamic stages that nurses moved through prior to resigning. The first stage, sharing values, was a time when a nurse and a hospital shared similar values. The second stage was conceding values where, due to perceived changes in a hospital's values, a nurse felt that patient care became compromised and this led to a divergence of values. The final stage was resigning, a stage where a nurse 'gave up' as they felt that their professional integrity was severely compromised. The findings revealed that when a nurse and organisational values were not aligned, conflict was created for a nurse about how

  9. Accelerated Nursing Degree Programs: Insights into Teaching and Learning Experiences. New Careers in Nursing. Research Report. ETS RR-15-29

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millett, Catherine M.; Stickler, Leslie M.; Wang, Haijiang

    2015-01-01

    The Study of Teaching and Learning in Accelerated Nursing Degree Programs explores how nurse educators are adapting their teaching practices for accelerated, second-degree nursing program students. To provide findings on topics including instructional practices and the roles and attitudes of faculty, a web survey was administered to almost 100…

  10. An Exploration of the Transition to the Full-Time Faculty Role among Associate Degree Nurse Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Sandra A.

    2016-01-01

    In the context of the nursing and faculty shortages, recommendations have been made to increase the number of highly educated nurses who are qualified to teach. A lack of nursing faculty has been reported at all levels of education. Because the majority of nurses enter into practice with an associate degree, the professoriate at the associate…

  11. Nursing students’ evaluation of the introduction of nursing diagnosis focused tutorials in a university degree programme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Brysiewicz

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The School of Nursing at the University of KwaZulu-Natal has recently introduced the concept of nursing diagnosis within the Bachelor of Nursing Problem Based Learning (PBL acute care nursing course. A descriptive survey was designed to evaluate a teaching strategy the researchers developed for Year III Bachelor of Nursing students in an acute care clinical practice course. All students in Year III PBL tutorials in 2006 were included in the study.The students were satisfied with their learning and felt competent in assessing, making and prioritizing nursing diagnoses, formulating hypotheses and using the nursing process in their care in real life nursing situations. With regard to the structured nine step process students generally were enthusiastic about this process and felt that it helped them perform better.This paper describes how the researchers introduced nursing diagnosis and how it was received by the students. Because these students are Year III students their perceptions of this change in focus is especially enlightening and provides useful feedback to further modify the course.

  12. Research and Development for a Course in Ethics in Nursing Practice for Community College Associate Degree Nursing Students. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roediger, Jeanette

    A project was undertaken to research and acquire the instructional sources needed for a course in ethics for community college associate degree nursing students and to develop such a course. Addressed in the individual units of the course were the following topics: bioethics and ethical decision making, basic ethical concepts and principles,…

  13. Curriculum design to promote the critical thinking of accelerated bachelor's degree nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeSimone, Barbara B

    2006-01-01

    This project describes the curriculum design of an accelerated bachelor's degree nursing program intended to promote the critical thinking of its students. Course objectives and teaching-learning strategies are described. Rogers' unitary view of human beings supports critical thinking as a developing process that should be measured in the context of nursing practice. Pre- and post-program critical thinking test scores indicated significant growth for the 38 graduates in the first 4 consecutive classes tested.

  14. The DNP/MPH Dual Degree: An Innovative Graduate Education Program for Advanced Public Health Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Kathy; Harpin, Scott; Steinke, Geraldine; Stember, Marilyn; Krajicek, Marilyn

    2017-03-01

    Strong professional priorities, evolving Affordable Care Act requirements, and a significantly limited public health nursing workforce prompted the University of Colorado College of Nursing to collaborate with the School of Public Health to implement one of the first Doctor of Nursing Practice/Master of Public Health dual degree programs in the nation. Federal grant funding supported the development, implementation, and evaluation of this unique post-baccalaureate dual degree program, for which there were no roadmaps, models, or best practices to follow. Several key issues emerged that serve as lessons learned in creating a new, novel higher education pathway for Advanced Public Health Nursing. This paper highlights two of those: (1) marketing, admission, and matriculation across two programs, and (2) enhancing curricula through distance coursework and interprofessional education. When collaboration with a school of public health is possible, the Doctor of Nursing Practice/Master of Public Health dual degree is an efficient way to prepare public health nurses' with the highest level of public health knowledge, practice, and leadership expertise. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Using a socioecological framework to understand the career choices of single- and double-degree nursing students and double-degree graduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickey, Noelene; Harrison, Linda; Sumsion, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Untested changes in nursing education in Australia, such as the introduction of double degrees in nursing, necessitate a new research approach to study nursing career pathways. A review of the literature on past and present career choice theories demonstrates these are inadequate to gain an understanding of contemporary nursing students' career choices. With the present worldwide shortage of nurses, an understanding of career choice becomes a critical component of recruitment and retention strategies. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how an ecological system approach based on Bronfenbrenner's theory of human development can be used to understand and examine the influences affecting nursing students' and graduates' career development and career choices. Bronfenbrenner's socioecological model was adapted to propose a new Nursing Career Development Framework as a way of conceptualizing the career development of nursing students undertaking traditional bachelor of nursing and nontraditional double-degree nursing programs. This Framework is then applied to a study of undergraduate nurses' career decision making, using a sequential explanatory mixed method study. The paper demonstrates the relevance of this approach for addressing challenges associated with nursing recruitment, education, and career choice.

  16. Quality and relevance of master degree education for the professional development of nurses and midwives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massimi, Azzurra; Marzuillo, Carolina; Di Muzio, Marco; Vacchio, Maria Rosaria; D'Andrea, Elvira; Villari, Paolo; De Vito, Corrado

    2017-06-01

    Advanced education in nursing is essential to provide safe, high quality and efficient health services in line with population needs. However, there is an almost complete lack of studies on how nurses view the usefulness of post-graduate education for their current employment and for professional advancement. To evaluate how nurse graduates view the quality, relevance and applicability of the knowledge and skills acquired during the Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) degree. Multicentre cross-sectional study. A multicenter cross-sectional study was carried out through an online questionnaire mailed (July 2014-June 2015) to 560 nurses who obtained the MSN degree from 23 Italian universities in the academic year 2010-2011. A total of 426 nurses completed the survey (response rate 76.1%), 80% of whom believed they had acquired knowledge and skills useful in their professional life after graduation. A multiple logistic regression model highlighted the characteristics of nurse graduates who judged the master's course relevant for their present role. In brief, they are expert nurses (OR=3.41, 95% CI=1.54-7.54) who achieved professional growth after the course (OR=5.25, 95% CI=2.67-10.33) and who judged the course very good or excellent (OR=2.16, 95% CI=1.04-4.52). Only 8% of the respondents achieved a full professional growth after the course. In Italy, MSN courses are able to provide a high level of skills and competencies. However, given the low rate of professional growth after the course, specific policies should increase the employment rates of new master's graduate nurses. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Predictors for success for first semester, second-degree Bachelor of Science in Nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowitlawakul, Yanika; Brenkus, Rosemarie; Dugan, Nicolette

    2013-02-01

    Second-degree Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) programmes have grown rapidly in the past 5 years to respond to the nursing shortage in many countries. The purposes of this study are to describe the relationships among age, prerequisite grades, previous degree grade point averages (GPAs), admissions test scores and first semester test scores, and to investigate the most influential predictor for success in the first semester in the nursing program. Pre-existing data from academic records were used. There were 60 participants and SPSS version 15.0 was used to analyze the data. The results show that age has no relationship with the first semester performance. Fifty-four per cent of variance in the first semester GPAs (R(2) =0.54) was explained by previous degree GPAs, prerequisite GPAs and admissions test scores in the second-degree nursing student population. The most influential predictor for success for the first semester of the second-degree BSN program is admissions tests scores.

  18. The role of language skills and internationalization in nursing degree programmes: A literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garone, Anja; Van de Craen, Piet

    2017-02-01

    Globalization and internationalization have had major influences on higher education, including nursing education. Since the signing of the Bologna declaration, many institutions in Europe have adopted English as the "scientific lingua franca", and have instated courses and entire degree programmes taught in English. Several countries in the European Union also offer nursing degree programmes in English. With the rise of multilingualism in Europe, new challenges have become apparent in multilingual education. The Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) approach has emerged as a new, innovative way to learn languages. The approach has become mainstream in primary and secondary education with proven success, and has also spread to higher education. Nurses are required to develop their linguistic skills such that they can communicate well with their patients and colleagues. Due to globalization, nurses are faced with increasingly diverse patients, presenting new challenges in nursing education concerning linguistic and transcultural preparation of students. Although CLIL is becoming more widely accepted in many academic faculties, it has not yet been studied sufficiently in the nursing education context. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Using the Clark Simulation Evaluation Rubric with associate degree and baccalaureate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gantt, Laura T

    2010-01-01

    As simulation becomes a common teaching strategy in nursing education, faculty struggle with methods for measuring student performance in summative, or evaluative, scenarios. While skills checklists have been shown to be a valid way to quantify performance on many of the technical components of a patient care scenario, nurse educators have also begun to utilize simulation grading rubrics to capture more contextual and critical thinking components. The article describes a pilot study using the Clark Simulation Evaluation Rubric with undergraduate nursing students of different levels from two types of programs. Sixty-nine associate degree and 109 baccalaureate degree students were evaluated and scored in simulation performance using the rubric. The rubric was found to be a practical tool that could potentially be used with or without skills checklists. Future work will involve refining use of the rubric and establishing interrater reliability among faculty who routinely evaluate students using this rubric.

  20. The concept and characteristics of clinical practice ability in Master Degree of Nursing (specialty)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Zeng; Jing-Ci Zhu; Xiao-Yu Zhao

    2016-01-01

    The concepts of ability, practice ability, and professional practice ability were analyzed using a theoretical research method. Based on the results of the analysis, the concept of clinical practice ability for Master Degree of Nursing (specialty) students was defined, and the characteristics were interpreted to provide references for future in-depth studies.

  1. Educational Experiences and the Professional Reintegration of Registered Nurses Returning for Baccalaureate Degrees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Einhellig, Katrina

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this phenomenological research study was to understand the experiences of RN to BSN graduates within their educational experience and their subsequent reintegration into professional practice. The goal of the study was to elucidate the experiences of nurses as they returned for a baccalaureate degree in order to more fully…

  2. Professionalism of Associate Degree Nurses: The Role of Self-Actualization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fetzer, Susan Jane

    2003-01-01

    Usable data from 304 of 1,495 associate degree nursing graduates showed that self-actualization was positively and significantly related to professional attitudes, values, and behaviors. Length and intensity of work experience were only slightly related. The need to reevaluate the induction model of professional socialization was suggested.…

  3. RN-BSN Students' Perceptions of the Differences in Practice of the ADN- and BSN-Prepared RN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthias, April D; Kim-Godwin, Yeoun Soo

    2016-01-01

    This study explored RN-BSN students' perceptions of practice differences between nurses prepared with an ADN and BSN. Five themes were identified in 20 students' discussion posts: "a nurse is a nurse" at the bedside, beyond the bedside, BSN wanted, digging deeper, and appraisal. Results illustrate the need for educators to assist nurses in translating the differentiated educational competencies to the practice role of the bedside RN.

  4. Recruitment and Retention of Hispanic Nursing Students: Through the Lens of Associate Degree Nursing Program Administrators and Hispanic Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handlos DeVoe, Debra Jean

    2016-01-01

    The Hispanic population in the United States is changing and will constitute 30% of the population in 2050; however, the Hispanic registered nurse population is less than 3%. Cultural differences between patients and nurses may cause harm and a mistrust that can affect patient outcomes. A mixed methods convergent research study was done by an…

  5. [Meanings and conceptualizations of nursing: the point of view of students from the nursing degree program at the Universidad Nacional de Lanús, 2008-2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arakaki, Jorge

    2013-08-01

    This work looks into the meanings of nursing from the point of view of the students in an undergraduate nursing degree program. The research took place at the Universidad Nacional de Lanús using semistructured interviews - eleven individual and seven group interviews - carried out between 2008 and 2010. A content analysis was then undertaken and the most relevant meanings in relation to four themes were selected: reasons for studying nursing, what nursing is, nursing as a profession, and working in nursing. Multiple and diverse ways of defining nursing were uncovered. Utilizing some conceptual developments from the sociology of the professions, the meanings were organized into four conceptualizations that represent ways of understanding nursing: as a vocation, as a profession, with a utilitarian perspective and with a community perspective. The conclusions reached indicate the need to broaden the debate regarding the types of nurses that are being trained.

  6. Why do university students not choose a nursing degree at matriculation? An Italian cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dante, A; Rizzi, L; Ianderca, B; Palese, A

    2013-03-01

    The objectives of this study were to describe (a) the reasons why students about to start university did not choose a nursing degree, (b) the source of information/data on which they based this decision, and (c) the accuracy of this information with regard to the nursing profession in Italy. Although data are available for students who embark on a degree and the reason(s) why they choose nursing, few data are available for students at the point of matriculation who have not chosen a nursing degree. A cross-sectional study design, including six Italian degree programmes randomly selected among the 12 available, was performed. A structured questionnaire was administered to 580 students willing to participate of the 1095 eligible (53%) in their first university lecture in autumn 2011. Some 507 (87.4%) questionnaires were analysed. The main reason for not having chosen a nursing degree is the lack of interest in nursing (235; 47.2%), followed by not wanting contact with ill or dying people (87; 17.5%), the fear of contact with biological material (71; 14.2%) and the lack of recognition of nursing work (44; 8.8%). Among the participants, personal experience (186; 37.1%) and relatives (124; 24.8%) are the main sources of information on the nursing profession. Moreover, only 340 participants (67.1%) recognized the degree as a necessary qualification for nursing in Italy; the majority know nothing about nursing career opportunities (452; 89.2%) or the initial salary of a nurse (250; 49.3%). Conversely, 447 (88.2%) participants indicated correctly the responsibilities imposed on nurses by the law. A considerable proportion of non-nursing students are not interested in the nursing profession and the information in their possession regarding nursing profession is incorrect. Multiple strategies helping potential candidates to make the best career decision on the basis of valid information should be strengthened and offered during the secondary school, through nursing students

  7. The LPN-ADN articulation project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlich, L J; Hopkin, L A; Kalunian, K; LeGault, G; Fried, M

    1989-01-01

    Faced with a staffing situation where RN positions were needed but there were more LPN positions than were needed. Tucson Medical Center began an LPN-ADN articulation project to rectify the situation without resorting to layoffs. With the cooperation of a local junior college, LPNs are enrolled in ADN programs that provide a more flexible work/study situation. This article describes the program and the results thus far.

  8. DAO Spectroscopic classification of SN 2016adn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balam, D. D.; Graham, M. L.

    2016-02-01

    A spectrum was obtained of AT2016adn on UT Feb. 11.30 UT using the 1.82-m Plaskett telescope (National Research Council of Canada) covering the range 380-910 nm (resolution 0.51 nm). Cross-correlation with a template library using SNID (Blondin & Tonry 2007, ApJ, 666, 1024) shows 2016adn to be a normal type-Ia supernova approximately 2 days post maximum light.

  9. Who's uncivil to who? Perceptions of incivility in pre-licensure nursing programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aul, Karen

    2017-08-19

    The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in the perceptions of uncivil behaviors among nursing students and faculty according to pre-licensure nursing program types, and if there were any relationships in reported uncivil behaviors to the variables of age, gender, ethnic/racial background, and parental level of education. The sample was a convenience sample of 159 pre-licensure senior nursing students and 14 nursing faculty from four schools of nursing in the northeastern United States: two Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) programs, one Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) program, and one hospital-based diploma nursing program. The nursing students and nursing faculty were administered a mixed method, validated survey instrument, the Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) Survey (Clark et al., 2009). The results of the survey identified similarities and differences between the BSN, ADN, and diploma nursing programs for both the perceptions and experiences of uncivil behaviors, however no significant differences were found between the demographic variables and the occurrence of uncivil behaviors. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Detonation velocity of melt-cast ADN and ADN/nano-diamond cylinders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, R. M.; Forbes, J. W.; Lawrence, G. W.; Deiter, J. S.; Baker, R. N.; Ashwell, K. D.; Sutherland, G. T.

    2000-04-01

    Detonation velocities of confined cylinders of melt-cast ADN/ZnO (99.5/0.5 by weight), ADN/nano-diamond/ZnO (92.4/7.2/0.4), ADN/AN/ZnO (95.5/4.0/0.5) and ADN/AN/ZnO/nano-diamond (88.0/4.5/0.5/7.0) have been measured using a streak camera. Velocities ranging between 3.9 and 4.5 mm/μs were obtained for 1.3 cm diameter samples confined by steel and a 2.5 cm diameter ADN/AN/ZnO cylinder. In one of the samples the detonation was failing as it proceeded through the charge. For the other shots reported, the shock velocities appeared to be steady through the last half of the charge, though the lengths were too short for any definitive statement about the failure diameter to be made.

  11. Generational diversity in associate degree nursing students: Teaching styles and preferences in Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitko, Jennifer V.

    2011-12-01

    Nursing educators face the challenge of meeting the needs of a multi-generational classroom. The reality of having members from the Veteran and Baby Boomer generations in a classroom with Generation X and Y students provides an immediate need for faculty to examine students' teaching method preferences as well as their own use of teaching methods. Most importantly, faculty must facilitate an effective multi-generational learning environment. Research has shown that the generation to which a person belongs is likely to affect the ways in which he/she learns (Hammill, 2005). Characterized by its own attitudes, behaviors, beliefs, and motivational needs, each generation also has distinct educational expectations. It is imperative, therefore, that nurse educators be aware of these differences and develop skills through which to communicate with the different generations, thereby reducing teaching/learning problems in the classroom. This is a quantitative, descriptive study that compared the teaching methods preferred by different generations of associate degree nursing students with the teaching methods that the instructors actually use. The research study included 289 participants; 244 nursing student participants and 45 nursing faculty participants from four nursing departments in colleges in Pennsylvania. Overall, the results of the study found many statistically significant findings. The results of the ANOVA test revealed eight statistically significant findings among Generation Y, Generation X and Baby boomers. The preferred teaching methods included: lecture, self-directed learning, web-based course with no class meetings, important for faculty to know my name, classroom structure, know why I am learning what I am learning, learning for the sake of learning and grade is all that matters. Lecture was found to be the most frequently used teaching method by faculty as well as the most preferred teaching methods by students. Overall, the support for a variety of

  12. Management curriculum: the experience of the Degree of Nursing at the University of Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Guzman Aguilar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We report herein the results of the third objective of the research entitled Analysis Curriculum of the Bachelor ofNursing at the University of Costa Rica. This objective is in the structure of the curriculum management plan inquestion. Participated in this process all teachers in the School of Nursing, teaching service, fifth year of a degree,graduates and employers in 2011-2012. We developed a mixed approach, with a parallel design. For data collection techniques were used oral and documentary instruments such as questionnaires and structured interviews to teachers, students and employers, as well as reviewing curriculum documents curriculum, The variables for the third goal were sufficient and suitability of staff, infrastructure sufficiency and adequacy and appropriateness of clinical fields. It was noted between the results of the management curriculum curriculum was broadly assessed satisfactorily in all items, leading to improvement and promote quality in the training of the professionals in nursing. We conclude that there is sufficiency and appropriateness of the teachers of the school of nursing and program of staff development is a positive action in this regard. The physical plant infrastructure still does not meet the expectations of teachers and students. Finally, the restriction on the number of students who are accepted as the current clinical field CCSS-UCR Agreement and the number of students that supports the academic unit annually makes them inadequate in clinical simulation incorporating the student achieves advantage the best learning experiences in health services.

  13. Faculty Student Mentoring of First Year Traditional Baccalaureate Degree Nursing Students to Increase Retention and Decrease Attrition Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalski, Melissa S.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the results of a faculty mentoring program of first year traditional baccalaureate degree nursing students at a university in the mid-west with multiple campuses, including three nursing campuses. One campus site was chosen for this project. The students were asked to participate in the project and informed…

  14. Geriatric Nursing Master’s Degree Program Overviews in Iran: Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Valizadeh

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ​The increasing number of elderly in recent years has led to great changes in the country's healthcare system. One of these changes is developing geriatric nursing master degree. This paper, with non-systematic approach, presents an evaluation of geriatric nursing graduate program in Iran. According to the results, mission and curriculum of the course are written in details. The number of faculties and students is rising every year. It seems that “the teacher shortage” and “determining the accurate and appropriate job status” for graduates are the main challenges. Given the young nature of the field, it is strongly recommended to reassess after some years.

  15. Academic predictors of success on the NCLEX-RN examination for associate degree nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lengacher, C A; Keller, R

    1990-04-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between selected admission variables (entrance GPA, ACT subtests scores in English and mathematics, composite ACT scores), age, perception of role strain, achievement in clinical and nursing courses, achievement on NLN examinations, exit GPA, and performance on NCLEX-RN examination. Data were attained from records of 146 associate degree graduates who were admitted to a specially-designed associate degree program in nursing and on those graduates who wrote the NCLEX-RN examination in July 1987 and July 1988. Pearson product moment correlations and stepwise multiple regression analyses were used to identify the relationship between the predictor variables (admission criteria, age, perception of role strain, achievement in clinical and nursing courses), achievement on NLN examinations, exit GPA, and the criterion variable (scores on the NCLEX-RN examination). The best predictor for performance on the NCLEX-RN of the selected admission variables, age, perception of role strain, and exit GPA, were exit GPA (R = .71) and ACT composite scores (R = .75). The ACT math, ACT English scores, entrance GPA, age, and perception of role strain, had no predictive value. The best predictor for performance on the NCLEX-RN of nursing theory course and clinical course grades were the two theory courses in the second year of the program NUR 2712 (R = .77) and NUR 2713 (R = .79). NUR 2711 and 2711L, NUR 2712L, 2713L, and 2813 had no predictive value for success on the NCLEX-RN.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  16. Class Size and Cost in ADN Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehret, Alice C.; Larowe, Ann

    1978-01-01

    The article discusses the cost-effective use of faculty and facilities in associate degree nursing programs, as a large number of programs with small classes is uneconomical. Appraisal of admissions to reach an enrollment level sufficient to justify program cost is suggested. (MF)

  17. New synthetic method and properties of ammonium dinitramide (ADN)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatano, H.; Onda, T.; Shi Ino, K.; Kiname, S.I. [Technical Center, Hosoya Kako, Osawa (Japan); Miyazaki, S.; Suzuki, S. [Research et Development Center, Nissan Motor Co, Saitama (Japan)

    1996-12-31

    Ammonium dinitramide (ADN) is one of the energetic materials, its hazard, however, has never been presented yet. In this paper, new synthetic method of ADN and its properties are contained. It has been found out that ADN has little hazard and is a safe energetic compound. (authors) 4 refs.

  18. Detonation Properties of Ammonium Dinitramide (ADN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wätterstam, A.; Östmark, H.; Helte, A.; Karlsson, S.

    1999-06-01

    Ammonium Dinitramide, ADN, has a potential as an oxidizer for underwater high explosives. Pure ADN has a large reaction-zone length and shows a strong non-ideal behaviour. The work presented here is an extension of previous work.(Sensitivity and Performance Characterization of Ammonium Dinitramide (ADN). Presented at 11th International Detonation Symposium, Snowmass, CO, 1998.) Experiments for determining the detonation velocity as a function of inverse charge radius and density, reaction-zone length and curvature, and the detonation pressure are presented. Measurements of pressure indicates that no, or weak von-Neumann spike exists, suggesting an immediate chemical decomposition. Experimental data are compared with predicted using thermochemical codes and ZND-theory.

  19. Accelerated second-degree nursing students: predictors of graduation and NCLEX-RN first-time pass rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penprase, Barbara B; Harris, Margaret A

    2013-01-01

    It is important to understand and identify factors that affect students' academic performance before entry into a nursing program and as they progress through the program. The authors discuss a study, and its outcomes, that assessed accelerated second-degree nursing students' prenursing and core nursing grades that served to predict their success at completing the nursing program and passing NCLEX-RN on first attempt. Strategies were identified to help at-risk students to be successful in the program and with first-time passage of NCLEX-RN.

  20. Formulation and Characterization of ADN-Based Liquid Monopropellants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wingborg, N.; Eldsäter, C.; Skifs, H.

    2004-10-01

    Ternary ionic solutions are promising green propellants to replace monopropellant hydrazine. Ammonium dinitramide, ADN, is well suited as oxidizer in these propellants due to its high solubility. This paper presents the formulation of different ADN-based liquid monopropellants and the characterization of their properties such as stability, density, viscosity and sensitivity. To be able to use ADN-based monopropellants for propulsion applications, ADN must be produced in a way to minimize the effect on the environment and in sufficient quantities. This paper thus also briefly presents the industrial production of ADN in Sweden and the efforts made to optimize the process.

  1. The Properties of Ammonium Dinitramine (ADN): Part 2: Melt Casting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahma, A.; Edvinsson, H.; Östmark, H.

    2010-04-01

    A melt casting technique for ammonium dinitramine (ADN) and ADN/aluminum was developed. ADN proved relatively easy to cast, when 1% of magnesium oxide was used as a stabilizer and crystallization kernels. Densities of ADN/MgO 99/1 were 92 to 97% of theoretical mean density (TMD) and those of ADN/Al/MgO 64/35/1 were between 95 and 99% of TMD. Sedimentation of Al in the melt was prevented and the particle wetting was ensured by selecting a suitable particle size for Al. No gelling agents or other additives were used. The casting process and factors influencing it are discussed.

  2. Comparative study of organizational commitment between the nurses with bachelor degree and nurses with college degree%本科学历护士与大专科学历护士组织承诺的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱丽芹; 刘玉夏; 吴弋飞; 顾志芬

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To learn about the current situation of organizational commitment between the nurses with bachelor degree and nurses with college degree and discuss the related factors influencing organizational commitment. Methods: 306 nurses with bachelor degree and with college degree from 5 class A hospitals at the level of grade A were selected as the object of study and the questionnaire survey was conducted. Results: The scores of organizational commitment,affective commitment,normative commitment and economic commitment were significantly lower in the nurses with bachelor degree than those in the nurses with college degree! P<0.01 ). Conclusions: The administrative staff in charge of human resource management of hospital should fully consider the differences in the organizational commitment between nurses with bachelor degree and those with college degree and appropriately change management mode according to its characteristics in order to improve the management effectiveness.%目的:了解本科学历护士与大专学历护士组织承诺的现状,探讨影响其组织承诺的相关因素.方法:以5所三级甲等医院306名本科学历护士与大专学历为研究对象进行问卷调查.结果:本科学历护士在组织承诺、感情承诺、规范承诺、经济承诺得分明显低于大专学历护士(P<0.01).结论:医院在进行护理人力资源管理时,要充分考虑本科学历护士与大专学历护士组织承诺的差异性,结合其特点,适当变革管理方式,以提高管理有效性.

  3. Teaching nurses to focus on the health needs of populations: a Master's Degree Program in Population Health Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frisch, Noreen Cavan; George, Valerie; Govoni, Amy L; Jennings-Sanders, Andrea; McCahon, Cheryl P

    2003-01-01

    Responding to the mandate to prepare nurses for practice in population-based healthcare, the faculty at Cleveland State University (CSU) developed a unique Master of Science in Nursing program to prepare Population Health Nurse Experts. The program prepares nurses to examine the health status of populations and to design, implement, and evaluate nursing interventions accounting for the varied factors impacting on the health of a defined group. The speciality of population health nursing is practiced by nurses who can use population sciences (epidemiology, demography, population projections, and population behavioral theories) along with post-baccalaureate nursing competencies to work with defined populations across care environments. The authors discuss a curriculum that prepares nurses for this emerging speciality.

  4. Responding to the call for globalization in nursing education: the implementation of the transatlantic double-degree program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornberger, Cynthia A; Erämaa, Sirkka; Helembai, Kornélia; McCartan, Patrick J; Turtiainen, Tarja

    2014-01-01

    Increased demand for nurses worldwide has highlighted the need for a flexible nursing workforce eligible for licensure in multiple countries. Nursing's curricular innovation mirrors the call for reform within higher education including globalization of curricula (E. J. S. Hovenga, 2004; D. Nayyar, 2008; B. J. G. Wood, S. M. Tapsall, & G. N. Soutar, 2005), increased opportunities for student mobility exchanges, dialogue between different academic traditions, and mutual understanding and transparency between universities (J. González & R. Wagenaar, 2005). The European Union (EU) and United States have combined efforts to achieve these objectives by creating the Atlantis program in 2007 (U.S. Department of Education, 2011). This article describes experiences of four nursing programs participating in an Atlantis project to develop a double-degree baccalaureate program for undergraduate nursing students. Early learnings include increasing awareness and appreciation of essential curricular and performance competencies of the baccalaureate-prepared professional nurse. Challenges include language competency; variations in curriculum, cultural norms, student expectations, and learning assessment; and philosophical differences regarding first-level professional nurse preparation as specialist versus generalist. The Transatlantic Double Degree program has successfully implemented the double-degree program. Members have gained valuable insights into key issues surrounding the creation of a more uniform, yet flexible, educational standard between our countries.

  5. The student perspective on RN-Plus-10 legislation: a survey of associate degree and diploma nursing program students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maneval, Rhonda E; Teeter, Marilyn M

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on a survey of associate degree and diploma nursing students in Pennsylvania designed to elicit their future educational goals and opinions regarding proposed educational advancement legislation. Results indicated the majority of respondents (86.3 percent) planned to pursue the bachelor's degree in nursing; most (94.8 percent) hoped to be enrolled in a BSN program within four years of graduation. The majority (78.9 percent) indicated that even if they were mandated to complete the bachelor's degree in nursing within 10 years, they would still enroll in their current associate degree or diploma program. Asked if 10 years is a reasonable amount of time to complete the BSN, 79.4 percent agreed it is. If money were not an obstacle, 95.8 percent of participants indicated they would pursue a BSN or higher. The results of this survey suggest that the vast majority of associate degree and diploma nursing students value and hope to pursue higher education in nursing.

  6. The Effect of Classroom and Clinical Learning Approaches on Academic Achievement in Associate Degree Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrick, Jo Anne

    2010-01-01

    While many students compete aggressively to enter into nursing schools, those who succeed have no guarantee they will be successful in their nursing studies, graduating, and passing the National Council Licensing Exam for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN[R]). This study's objective was to gain a better understanding of how nursing students approach…

  7. Predictors for Success on the NCLEX-RN for Associate Degree Nursing Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swain, Katrina C.

    2012-01-01

    The nursing shortage is a national issue that has ignited an increasing demand to address the importance of preparing students to be successful on the initial National Council of Licensure Examination for Registered Nursing (NCLEX-RN). Nursing programs are charged by the Board of Nursing to prepare graduates to be successful on the initial…

  8. A Call for More Diploma Nurses to Attain a Baccalaureate Degree: Advancing the nursing profession in Oman

    OpenAIRE

    Joy K. Kamanyire; Susan Achora

    2015-01-01

    The healthcare needs of the Omani population are evolving, particularly with regards to changes in disease complexity, advances in technology and the enhanced delivery of healthcare services. Nurses now need to adapt to a fundamental shift in the provision of patient-centred care. In line with lifelong learning goals, registered nurses in Oman at the diploma level should seek to obtain a more advanced qualification, for instance a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, to ensure they pos...

  9. [Educational curriculum and occupational status of nurses and midwives after second level degree (MNsc) at Catholic University of Rome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galletti, Caterina; Tedino, Giuseppe; Morchio, Maria Grazia; Derossi, Anna Maria; Rega, Maria Luisa; Marmo, Giuseppe

    2013-01-01

    Our society requires health professionals of increasingly competence, able to modulate their skills according to the needs and the requirements of the context. This survey (cross - sectional) has as primary aim to collect information on employment status of individuals who have a Master degree in Nursing and Midwifery, and as secondary objective to describe if and how the post graduation education has affected the quality and the outcomes of nursing work. A questionnaire devised for the purpose has been used. The survey was conducted from May to August 2011 on all individuals who have a Master in Nursing and Midwifery at the UCSC (from 2004-2005 to 2009-2010). Results show that in 44 cases out of 111 (= 40%) there was a change of employment status after obtaining the Master's Degree and of these 68% (30 out of 44) state that the change is definitely linked to the Post graduation education. All respondents state that the University curriculum has certainly helped to modify some professional behaviors: research utilization (93%), skills in problem solving at work (68%); greater ease to communicate the reasons underlying their organizational choices or decision making (70%); self-training abilities (63%). Within the Italian context, however it seems that those individuals are involved in a managerial progression of their career rather than in the core nursing activities despite the fact that educational programs have important subjects for Advanced Nursing Practice and Nursing Science.

  10. Are knowledge and skills acquired during the Master Degree in Nursing actually put into practice? A pilot study in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azzurra Massimi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background. Literature on the evaluation of the Master’s Degree in Nursing is scarce. The objective of this pilot study was to test a questionnaire aimed at monitoring the activities of nurses after receiving the Master’s degree.Methods. An electronic questionnaire was administered to 36 graduates who obtained the Master’s degree during the academic year 2010/2011.Results. Almost 80% of the participants judged their level of improvement in knowledge and skills during the course to have been satisfactory, but the level of implementation of these competencies at work was quite low.Conclusion. Competencies acquired during the Master’s degree course are not always put into practice.

  11. Relationship between Fidelity and Dose of Human Patient Simulation, Critical Thinking Skills, and Knowledge in an Associate Degree Nursing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beebe, Rosella I.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between human patient simulation (HPS), critical thinking skills, and knowledge acquisition after HPS was integrated across the curriculum of an associate degree nursing program to determine if differences existed in critical thinking and knowledge of students based on the fidelity of HPS used and amount of…

  12. The Effects of Moderate- and High-Fidelity Patient Simulator Use on Critical Thinking in Associate Degree Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieck, Jana

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of moderate- and high-fidelity patient simulator use on the critical thinking skills of associate degree nursing students. This quantitative study used a quasi-experimental design and the Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT) to evaluate the critical thinking skills of third semester nursing…

  13. Community Outreach in Associate Degree Nursing Programs: AACC/Metropolitan Life Foundation Project, 1995-1996. AACC Project Brief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Lynn

    In January 1995, five community colleges were selected to participate in a year-long project to implement new teaching methods in associate degree nursing programs to better meet community needs. Supported by the American Association for Community Colleges, with seed money from the Metropolitan Life Foundation, all of the projects also had…

  14. A Call for More Diploma Nurses to Attain a Baccalaureate Degree; Advancing the nursing profession in Oman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joy K. Kamanyire

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The healthcare needs of the Omani population are evolving, particularly with regards to changes in disease complexity, advances in technology and the enhanced delivery of healthcare services. Nurses now need to adapt to a fundamental shift in the provision of patient-centred care. In line with lifelong learning goals, registered nurses in Oman at the diploma level should seek to obtain a more advanced qualification, for instance a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, to ensure they possess the requisite skills and knowledge to keep abreast of new developments in healthcare management. Challenges involved in this transition and suggestions to overcome these potential obstacles are discussed in this article in order to inform nursing education stakeholders. Recommendations to ensure the success of bridging programmes are also suggested.

  15. A Call for More Diploma Nurses to Attain a Baccalaureate Degree: Advancing the nursing profession in Oman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamanyire, Joy K; Achora, Susan

    2015-08-01

    The healthcare needs of the Omani population are evolving, particularly with regards to changes in disease complexity, advances in technology and the enhanced delivery of healthcare services. Nurses now need to adapt to a fundamental shift in the provision of patient-centred care. In line with lifelong learning goals, registered nurses in Oman at the diploma level should seek to obtain a more advanced qualification, for instance a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, to ensure they possess the requisite skills and knowledge to keep abreast of new developments in healthcare management. Challenges involved in this transition and suggestions to overcome these potential obstacles are discussed in this article in order to inform nursing education stakeholders. Recommendations to ensure the success of bridging programmes are also suggested.

  16. Masters at work: a narrative inquiry into the experiences of mental health nurses qualifying with an undergraduate Masters degree.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stacey, Gemma; Felton, Anne; Joynson, Kirstie

    2010-05-01

    The University of Nottingham provides a unique course in the UK that enables undergraduate students to obtain a Masters degree and registration with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). The curriculum equips graduates with the skills to practice nursing with an analytical attitude and adopt both professional and humanistic values. This research aims to explore significant experiences of graduates, from the undergraduate Masters course, relating to their education and nursing practice in mental health care. A narrative approach to data collection was employed using unstructured individual interviews. Participants worked through a process of contemplation. Their commitment to working with people in a relational manner and studying at graduate level were of high importance. The process continued with assimilation to a philosophy which was intrinsic to the course, including developing therapeutic relationships, self awareness and critical thinking. Participants encountered conflict relating to a perceived dissonance between this philosophy and nursing practice. As a consequence, participants questioned mental health nursing and their abilities as nurses. Resolution occurred when participants were able to work within the constraints of the system whilst effectively realising their philosophy. The findings demonstrate the importance of supportive networks to maintain values and criticality.

  17. Curriculum Design to Promote the Ethical Decision-Making Competence of Accelerated Bachelor’s Degree Nursing Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara B. DeSimone

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Few nursing curricula offer a course dedicated exclusively to ethical decision making. More often, ethical decision making is integrated into nursing courses and clinical experiences along with other course content. This article describes an accelerated bachelor’s degree nursing curriculum systematically organized to promote ethical decision-making competence from the first to the last nursing course. Examples of course objectives, ethical indicators, and teaching strategies emphasizing ethical decision making from trimester to trimester are outlined. A survey that assessed the similarities between critical thinking and ethical decision making perceived by faculty and students justified using critical thinking skills to measure ethical decision-making competence. t-Test calculations indicated significant improvement in the critical thinking scores of 100 students from four consecutive classes at the beginning and end of the nursing program. Examples of ethical questions examined by students are included. By integrating critical thinking skills throughout the nursing curriculum, faculty heightened the capacity of students to make and defend their own ethical decisions.

  18. Beyond correspondence, video conferencing, and voice mail: Internet-based master's degree courses in nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wambach, K; Boyle, D; Hagemaster, J; Teel, C; Langner, B; Fazzone, P; Connors, H; Smith, C; Forbes, S

    1999-09-01

    The changing health care system and increasing demands for primary care providers have prompted an increase in nurse practitioner programs in the United States. Nurses in rural areas that are underserved by primary care practitioners often are faced with time and distance barriers to returning to school for advanced education. This article describes Internet-based courses as a unique distance learning platform for preparing primary care nurse practitioners at the University of Kansas (KU) School of Nursing. Discussion includes course development process, matching methods to course content, and other information on promoting interaction between students and faculty.

  19. Cincuenta años de ADN

    OpenAIRE

    García Olmedo, Francisco

    2003-01-01

    Hace medio siglo que a James D. Watson y Francis Crick les tocó esa lotería que es la fama científica, una notoriedad que trasciende los estrechos límites de cualquier disciplina. Decir esto no supone desdeñar el indudable mérito de estos científicos al dilucidar la estructura tridimensional del ADN por métodos heterodoxos sino que intenta subrayar el hecho de que la estructura encontrada reunía unas características tales que su descubrimiento quedó singularizado frente a otros de igual o...

  20. Adsorption of ammonium dinitramide (ADN) from aqueous solutions. 1. Adsorption on powdered activated charcoal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhosh, G; Venkatachalam, S; Ninan, K N; Sadhana, R; Alwan, S; Abarna, V; Joseph, M A

    2003-03-17

    Investigations on the adsorption of ammonium dinitramide (NH(4)N(NO(2))(2)) (ADN) from aqueous solutions on powdered activated charcoal (PAC) were carried out in order to find out an effective and easier method of separating ADN from aqueous solutions. The effectiveness of PAC in the selective adsorption of ADN from aqueous solutions of ADN (ADN-F) and ADN in presence of sulfate (SO(4)(2-)) and nitrate (NO(3)(-)) ions (ADN-PS) was examined and compared using batch and column methods. The adsorption process follows both Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms and the isotherm parameters for the models were determined. The observed data favor the formation of monolayer adsorption. The adsorption capacities were found to be 63.3, 119, 105.3 and 82 mg of ADN per g of PAC for ADN-F (batch), ADN-PS (batch), ADN-F (column) and ADN-PS (column), respectively. Break-through curves for ADN-F and ADN-PS were obtained for the optimization of separation of ADN from aqueous solutions. Elution curves were generated for the desorption of ADN from PAC using hot water as eluent.

  1. An exploratory study of the relationship between learning styles and academic performance among students in different nursing programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuh-Shiow; Yu, Wen-Pin; Liu, Chin-Fang; Shieh, Sue-Heui; Yang, Bao-Huan

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Background: Learning style is a major consideration in planning for effective and efficient instruction and learning. Learning style has been shown to influence academic performance in the previous research. Little is known about Taiwanese students' learning styles, particularly in the field of nursing education. This purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between learning styles and academic performance among nursing students in a 5-year associate degree of nursing (ADN) program and a 2-year bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) program in Taiwan. This study employed a descriptive and exploratory design. The Chinese version of the Myers-Briggs type indicator Form M was an instrument. Data such as grade point average were obtained from the Office of Academic Affairs and the Registrar computerized records. Descriptive statistics, one-way analysis of variance and chi-square statistical analysis were used to explore the relationship between academic performance and learning style in Taiwanese nursing students. The study sample included 285 nursing students: 96 students in a 2-year BSN program, and 189 students in a 5-year ADN program. Two common learning styles were found: Introversion, sensing, thinking, and judging; and introversion, sensing, feeling, and judging. A sensing-judging pair was identified in 43.3% of the participants. Academic performance was significantly related to learning style (p learning style preferences of students can enhance learning for those who are under performing in their academic studies, thereby enhancing nursing education.

  2. Mental health education and Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) in pre-registration nursing degrees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Rhonda; Hungerford, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    mental health and illness. This article describes the work of mental health nurse educators who have taken the lead by providing case-based simulations on VLEs, thereby enabling students to acquire knowledge and develop the clinical skills required for practice in mental health settings. Benefits of VLEs......Virtual learning environments (VLEs) are now commonly used, worldwide, as teaching and learning platforms for pre-registration nursing education. However, there is only limited evidence in the research literature to suggest that VLEs are employed to support the education of student nurses about......-based practices in clinical settings, to support the knowledge acquisition and practice-based learning of the registered nurses (RNs) of the future....

  3. Fundamentos de computación con ADN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Eduardo Ortíz Triviño

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta algunas ideas básicas para resolver problemas computacionales complejos, mediante el empleo de la estructura biológica del ADN y técnicas especializadas de laboratorio. Las características del ADN que se describen hacen posible codificar estructuras matemáticas, como las máquinas de Turing o las redes neuronales; para ello, la clave está en la interpretación del ADN como un generador de lenguajes.

  4. Quimera de ADN polimerasa del fago ϕ29

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Quimera de ADN polimerasa del fago 29. La presente invención se encuadra dentro del campo de la biotecnología. Específicamente, se refiere a una quimera de ADN polimerasa que comprende una región aminoterminal (N-terminal), que codifica para una ADN polimerasa del tipo 29, y una región carboxilo-terminal (C-terminal), que comprende, al menos, un dominio HhH, que se encuentran unidas mediante una secuencia aminoacídica conectora y a su uso para la replicación, amplifi...

  5. Pre-registration nursing degree students in rural Victoria: characteristics and career aspirations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birks, Melanie; Al-Motlaq, Mohammad; Mills, Jane

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the preliminary phase of a longitudinal research project involving students enrolling in three different pre-registration nursing programs in two locations in rural Victoria, Australia. This initial report discusses the demographic characteristics, entry pathway, course choice and career aspirations of students enrolled in these programs at both the main rural campus and an outreach satellite school of a major Australian university. Demographic findings from this study demonstrate that most of participants were female, aged between 18 and 50 years. The majority of participants resided in non-metropolitan areas and were enrolled in the flagship Bachelor of Nursing Program, with a large number having entered their chosen course of study via a non-traditional pathway. Career projections reported by participants demonstrate the intention of those from non-metropolitan areas to remain in this location on completion of their studies. Participants indicated their preferred areas of future practice to be in midwifery, emergency and paediatrics. Overall the findings of this part of the study summarise the characteristics of students entering nursing courses via various mechanisms. Exploration and comparison of these characteristics raise a number of issues for discussion, particularly in relation to conversion of level 2 (enrolled) nurses to level 1 (registered) status, and intended career specialisation and location of practice for students of nursing in rural areas.

  6. Relationshp between Academic Variables and Personality Type to Progression in an Associate Degree Nursing Program and Achievement on NCLEX-RN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Ione Norma

    This retrospective study was done to identify academic and personality variables that predict student progression through an associate degree nursing program and achievement on the National Council Licensing Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). The study searched for evidence of a decline in academic ability in the students over the 7…

  7. Computerized Testing of Level III Associate Degree Nursing Students versus Paper and Pencil Testing Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gullo, Shirna R.

    2014-01-01

    Computerized testing may be one solution to enhance performance on the curricular Health Education Systems Inc. (HESI) exam and the National Council Licensure Exam for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Due to the integration of improved technological processes and procedures in healthcare for computerized documentation and electronicmedical records,…

  8. The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Self-Efficacy, and Clinical Performance in Associate Degree Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Eileen W.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore self-efficacy, an individual's beliefs about his or her ability to perform a series of tasks, and emotional intelligence, an individual's ability to perceive, use, understand, and manage emotions, as predictors for successful clinical performance in nursing students. The participants were 49 female and 7…

  9. Generational Diversity in Associate Degree Nursing Students: Teaching Styles and Preferences in Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitko, Jennifer V.

    2011-01-01

    Nursing educators face the challenge of meeting the needs of a multi-generational classroom. The reality of having members from the Veteran and Baby Boomer generations in a classroom with Generation X and Y students provides an immediate need for faculty to examine students' teaching method preferences as well as their own use of teaching methods.…

  10. Preferences for teaching methods in a baccalaureate nursing program: how second-degree and traditional students differ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Jean T; Martin, Tina M; Haynie, Lisa; Norwood, Anne; White, Jill; Grant, LaVerne

    2007-01-01

    Accelerated baccalaureate nursing programs are in great demand in the United States. Currently there are 197 such programs, but little research has been conducted on student characteristics and program outcomes. This quantitative study explores preferences of second-degree students and traditional generic students with regard to teaching methods and relationships with faculty. The results indicate that statistically significant differences exist between the two groups of students. Three areas of significance are ability for self-directed learning, expectations of faculty and classroom structure, and obtaining a grade that really matters.

  11. [What nurses with a bachelor of nursing degree know about the effects of alcohol on blood pressure and risk of arterial hypertension].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabowska, Hanna; Narkiewicz, Krzysztof; Grabowski, Władysław; Grzegorczyk, Michał; Swietlik, Dariusz

    2009-01-01

    Alcohol abuse is one of the main causes of arterial hypertension. Alcohol is responsible for a few to more than ten percent of all cases of primary hypertension, particularly in persons consuming more than 20-30 g of alcohol per day. The aim of this study was to find out what Bachelor of Nursing degree holders know about alcohol consumption styles and the effects of alcohol on blood pressure, as well as on the risk of arterial hypertension in adults. The study group comprised 116 qualified nurses (112 females, 4 males; age 21-50 years; work seniority 0-29 years). The study was done between June 2007 and January 2008 with the use of the diagnostic poll technique based on a questionnaire developed by the authors. We found that 8.62% of participants were informed about screening tools used for evaluating styles of alcohol consumption while 41.38% gave the correct definition of the standard portion of alcohol. The alcohol consumption threshold above which the risk of hypertension becomes significant was known to 58.62% of respondents. The influence of alcohol (drunk directly before blood pressure measurement) on blood pressure was known to 89.66% of the nurses. We observed a statistically significant effect of work experience (p = 0.002), place of work (p family status or type of postgraduate education were noted. It is necessary to increase awareness among nurses regarding the risk of arterial hypertension associated with alcohol consumption and to improve the effectiveness of undergraduate and postgraduate education aimed at early recognition of problems caused by alcohol consumption which are important for the prevention of arterial hypertension.

  12. Position epistemological, paradigmatical and pedagogical of the curriculum for the Degree in Nursing at the University of Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viriam Leiva Díaz

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We present the results of educational research which analyzed the epistemological position, paradigmaticand educational curriculum of the Degree of Nursing at the University of Costa Rica. The population consisted ofthe graduates of the School of Nursing. For the participation of teachers in service, worked with saturation (11.For graduates (2008 the population was 74 for a sample of 47 of them and her. We analyzed three dimensions theepistemological and pedagogical paradigm of teaching and reflected in the curriculum. To collect data, aquestionnaire was structured and semi-structured interviews to selected population. The study found that althoughthe position does not require explicit epistemic quote, there are some modules that need internal review to showconsistency between what is manifested mainly in learning activities and methodology, with the characteristicsand assumptions of the hermeneutic interpretive position curriculum. Moreover we can consider that the modulesdespite their particularities and differences in their teaching and learning, with characteristics savedapproximation pedagogical approach that suggests the curriculum. We conclude that it is not explicit or clear theposition that the teachers expressed regarding the pedagogical approach of the curriculum, so it is essential todeepen these concepts again with faculty. However, it is clear that significant progress has been made, howeverthey must think that the investigation is unrelated to the nursing task, a finding consistent with the findings 12years ago, when he became the curriculum change.

  13. Identifying clinical learning needs using structured group feedback: first year evaluation of pre-registration nursing and midwifery degree programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frazer, Kate; Connolly, Michael; Naughton, Corina; Kow, Veronica

    2014-07-01

    Facilitating and supporting clinical learning for student nurses and midwives are essential within their practice environments. Clinical placements provide unique opportunities in preparation for future roles. Understanding the experiences of first year student nurses and midwives following clinical exposures and examining the clinical facilitators and barriers can assist in maintaining and developing clinical supports. The study used a structured group feedback approach with a convenience sample of 223 first year nursing and midwifery students in one Irish university in April 2011 to ascertain feedback on the clinical aspects of their degree programme. Approximately 200 students participated in the process. Two key clinical issues were identified by students: facilitating clinical learning and learning experiences and needs. Positive learning environments, supportive staff and increased opportunities for reflection were important issues for first year students. The role of supportive mentoring staff in clinical practice is essential to enhance student learning. Students value reflection in practice and require more opportunities to engage during placements. More collaborative approaches are required to ensure evolving and adapting practice environments can accommodate student learning. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Second-degree bachelor of science in nursing students' preconceived attitudes toward the homeless and poor: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boylston, Mary T; O'Rourke, Rosemarie

    2013-01-01

    The current economic climate of the United States has contributed to the crisis in health care delivery services. As a result, an increasing number of individuals present as poor and vulnerable. Currently, poverty rates in the United States are climbing, with literature clearly reflecting an association between poverty and ill health. With a number of economic barriers to health care, it has been suggested that health care providers' attitudes and subtle prejudices have also contributed to access. These preconceived negative attitudes can shame and embarrass vulnerable, homeless, immigrant, and poor individuals from attempting to access care. This research attempted to identify preconceived attitudes that second-degree baccalaureate nursing students possess prior to clinical exposure to poor and homeless populations through qualitative and quantitative investigative methods. Senior-level community health students preparing to deliver health care at a suburban homeless day shelter were asked to describe their experiences and opinions relative to homeless and poor persons before and after their actual contact with this population. Collected data suggest that there are subtle stereotyping and negative attitudes regarding the plight of overtly impoverished individuals before rendering care. After an 8-hour clinical experience with the aforementioned population, attitudes toward the vulnerable slightly improved, suggesting that clinical and didactic exposure to the plight of poor populations may assist to sensitize student nurses to exude compassion through a holistic therapeutic nurse-client relationship.

  15. Comparison on the influence of nursing age,education degree and social support degree for the occupation burnout of nurses in operation room%护龄、文化程度及社会支持程度对手术室护理人员职业倦怠感的影响比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐萍

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare the influence degree of nursing age, education degree and social support degree for the occupation burnout of nurses in operation room. Methods 68 nurses in operation room from June 2010 to January 2014 were the study object, and they were all evaluated with maslach burnout inventory, then the evaluation results of nurses with different nursing age, education degree and social support degree were compared. Results The maslach burnout inventory evaluation results of nurses with 6 to 10 years nursing age, lower education degree and social support degree were all worse than those of nurses with other nursing age, higher education degree and social support degree, all P<0.05, there were all significant differences. Conclusion The influence of nursing age, education degree and social support degree for the occupation burnout of nurses in operation room are greater, and the nurses with 6 to 10years nursing age, lower education degree and social support degree should be paid more attention.%目的:比较不同护龄、文化程度及社会支持程度对手术室护理人员职业倦怠感的影响程度。方法选取2010年6月~2014年1月的68名手术室护理人员为研究对象,将其采用职业倦怠感量表进行评估,并比较其中不同护龄、文化程度及社会支持程度护理人员的评估结果。结果护龄6~10年者、文化程度及社会支持程度较低的护理人员的职业倦怠感量表评估结果差于其他护龄、文化程度及社会支持程度较低的护理人员,差异有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。结论护龄、文化程度及社会支持程度对手术室护理人员职业倦怠感的影响较大,应注意对护龄6~10年、文化程度及社会支持程度较低护理人员给予更多的干预。

  16. Components of US Associate Degree Nursing Programs and Their Relationship to the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses Graduate Pass Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popescu, Caroline A.

    2011-01-01

    The nursing shortage has accelerated the need for nursing programs to discover program components related to success on the NCLEX-RN. As the demand for nurses is growing, nursing programs have been called upon to help find solutions to the problem. This study attempted to contribute to the resolution of the shortage and provide nursing educators…

  17. [Implementation of the new clinical practice training model in Andalusia: a qualitative evaluation of the Nursing and Physiotherapy degrees].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Sola, Cayetano; Granero-Molina, José; Márquez-Membrive, Josefa; Aguilera-Manrique, Gabriel; Castro-Sánchez, Adelaida M

    2014-01-01

    The design of new Bachelor degree courses, together with the agreement reached between the Regional Government of Andalusia and Andalusian universities shape the new clinical training model for Health Science students. The aim of this project is to present a qualitative evaluation of the implementation of the new model in Nursing and Physiotherapy degrees at the University of Almeria and the Andalusian Public Health System. An exploratory qualitative study using document content analysis techniques, by analyzing 12 reports from teachers and those responsible for Practicum in Nursing and Physiotherapy degrees at the University of Almeria. The reports included opinions and proposals from university and clinical placement teachers, healthcare professionals or clinical placement tutors, students, and those in positions of responsibility as regards clinical placements. Three categories emerged in the data analysis: Health system organization, with sub-categories of disparity between shifts, difficulties with supervisor coordination, feelings of a lack of control, disparities in evaluation criteria and geographic distribution; academic organization, with sub-categories of short rotations, a lack of information received by the clinical placement tutor, and carrying out placements without studying the theory; and management of the work agreement, with sub-categories of being discouraged by what is received in return, extra work for those in charge, and delays in evaluations. The study suggests a need to support and guide clinical tutors, to increase coordination between the university and health services, to organize the students' theoretical and practical training and to provide the management of the model with flexibility and transparency. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  18. Using Nursing Diagnosis to Describe the Clinical Competence of Baccalaureate and Associate Degree Graduating Students: A Comparative Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Helena A.; Strong, Kathleen A.

    1986-01-01

    This study compared perceptions of clinical competence of professional and technical nursing students with the expectations of their nursing faculty by using a nursing diagnosis framework. Results of the study are reported and implications discussed. (CT)

  19. [Degree of patient satisfaction regarding the reception given by emergency service nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moura Neto, António Jaime; Ribeiro, Luisa Maria; Magalhães, Luisa Maria; Torres, Madalena Fernanda; Mendes, Maria José

    2003-01-01

    Humanizing in hospitals begins with the patients' reception. Although this "function" should be considered as the duty of every person who works in Hospital, it is fundamental to be assumed as a nursing service, since we are the professional sector which spends more time with the patient. However, the reception may have positive or negative effects on the patient's recovery and on the Health Unit's image. Thus, and having the mission of optimizing the quality of health care, mainly as far as reception is concerned, with this study came out, through which we intend to analyse the patient's level of satisfaction as for the reception offered by the nurse in the Emergency Service of Hospital São Marcos de Braga. It is a study of a descriptive and exploratory nature, within a quantitative approach. To carry out this empirical study, we considered as target population the patients who needed the Emergency Service in the period between January and March of 2002, both male and female (about 50% of each), 50% of rural patients and 50% of urban patients, between the ages of 18 and 65 who stayed in this service from 3 to 12 hours. A random and representative selection of patients was taken, based on the criteria previously mentioned. We obtained a sample of 1440 patients through a random selection of 5 patients in the morning shift, 6 patients in the afternoon shift and 5 patients in the night shift, during the period in which the study was carried out. This study was carried out without the presence of the participants in the survey.

  20. Preferred Methods of Learning for Nursing Students in an On-Line Degree Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hampton, Debra; Pearce, Patricia F; Moser, Debra K

    Investigators have demonstrated that on-line courses result in effective learning outcomes, but limited information has been published related to preferred teaching strategies. Delivery of on-line courses requires various teaching methods to facilitate interaction between students, content, and technology. The purposes of this study were to understand student teaching/learning preferences in on-line courses to include (a) differences in preferred teaching/learning methods for on-line nursing students across generations and (b) which teaching strategies students found to be most engaging and effective. Participants were recruited from 2 accredited, private school nursing programs (N=944) that admit students from across the United States and deliver courses on-line. Participants provided implied consent, and 217 (23%) students completed the on-line survey. Thirty-two percent of the students were from the Baby Boomer generation (1946-1964), 48% from Generation X (1965-1980), and 20% from the Millennial Generation (born after 1980). The preferred teaching/learning methods for students were videos or narrated PowerPoint presentations, followed by synchronous Adobe Connect educations sessions, assigned journal article reading, and e-mail dialog with the instructor. The top 2 methods identified by participants as the most energizing/engaging and most effective for learning were videos or narrated PowerPoint presentations and case studies. The teaching/learning method least preferred by participants and that was the least energizing/engaging was group collaborative projects with other students; the method that was the least effective for learning was wikis. Baby Boomers and Generation X participants had a significantly greater preference for discussion board (Plearning (Pteaching/learning methods for on-line students. Faculty need to incorporate various teaching methodologies within on-line courses to include both synchronous and asynchronous activities and interactive and

  1. Using the factors that have a positive impact on the retention of low socioeconomic students to prepare accelerated enrolled nurses for the science units of a nursing degree. A Practice Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Doggrell

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available At a campus in a low socioeconomic (SES area, our University allows enrolled nurses entry into the second year of a Bachelor of Nursing, but attrition is high.  Using the factors, described by Yorke and Thomas (2003 to have a positive impact on the attrition of low SES students, we developed strategies to prepare the enrolled nurses for the pharmacology and bioscience units of a nursing degree with the aim of reducing their attrition.  As a strategy, the introduction of review lectures of anatomy, physiology and microbiology, was associated with significantly reduced attrition rates. The subsequent introduction of a formative website activity of some basic concepts in bioscience and pharmacology, and a workshop addressing study skills and online resources, were associated with a further reduction in attrition rates of enrolled nursing students in a Bachelor of Nursing

  2. Differences in Clinical Experiences of ADN and BSN Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oermann, Marilyn H.

    1998-01-01

    In a study of 211 associate degree (AD) and 204 baccalaureate nursing students, AD students reported significantly higher stress in clinical practice. Stress for both groups increased as they progressed. Instructors were the predominant source of stress. Students had the most difficulty coping with the demands of patient care and the clinical…

  3. Comparing the frequency of physical examination techniques performed by associate and baccalaureate degree prepared nurses in clinical practice: does education make a difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giddens, Jean

    2006-03-01

    Rapid changes in health care have underscored the need for reform in health professions education, including nursing education. One of many problems cited in the nursing and other health sciences education literature is overcrowded curricula; therefore, an evaluation of content is necessary. The purpose of this study was to determine whether differences exist in the frequency that physical examination techniques are performed by associate and baccalaureate degree prepared nurses. Participants completed a survey on performance of various physical examination techniques. A Mann-Whitney test showed no differences between the two groups in terms of frequency of techniques performed. A small negative correlation was found between frequency and years of experience with the nutrition assessment category. A comparison of physical examination content covered in baccalaureate and associate degree nursing programs is needed to further understand these findings.

  4. Self-reported leadership styles of deans of baccalaureate and higher degree nursing programs in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broome, Marion E

    2013-01-01

    Over the past decade there has been a lack of attention in the discipline paid to developing strong academic leaders. It is widely acknowledged that the role of the dean has shifted dramatically over the past two decades, with an increasing emphasis on interaction with and accountability to external constituencies at the university, community, and national levels. The overall purpose of this study was to investigate the self-reported leadership styles, behaviors, and experiences of deans of schools of nursing in the United States. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) was sent to 655 deans who were members of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing; 344 returned completed surveys for a return rate of 52.5%. Scores on the transformational scale (n = 321; 20 items) ranged from 2.75 to 4.0, with a mean of 3.79; transactional scores ranged from 1.3 to 4.0, with a mean of 3.3 and mode of 3.5. The passive leadership component was lowest, with a range of 0 to 3.75, mean of 1.1, and mode of 1.0. The highest scores for each dean were then examined and compared across the three components. Seventy-seven percent of the deans' highest scores fell on the transformational, 21% on the transactional, and 2% on the passive-avoidant scale. There were no significant differences in the most commonly reported leadership behaviors by gender, ethnicity, or terminal degree. Deans of nursing, compared with over 3,000 other leaders who have completed the MLQ, ranked in the 80th percentile for self-reported transformative behaviors and outcomes effectiveness. The findings from this sample, who were predominantly female, are congruent with previous research on women leaders. Recommendations for future research leadership development programs are presented.

  5. Co-operative Networks and their Influence on Engagement: A Study with Students of a Degree in Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marqués-Sánchez, Pilar; Alfonso-Cendón, Javier; Fernández-Martínez, Mª Elena; Pinto-Carral, Arrate; Liébana-Presa, Cristina; Conde, Miguel Ángel; García-Peñalvo, Francisco José

    2017-06-01

    At present, the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) emphasizes the importance of collaborative learning in University education. Previous studies have found evidence to support collaborative activities; however, none have analyzed the influence of contact networks among students on their engagement and performance. This paper reports an intervention with nursing degree students aimed at facilitating an interdependent network to promote engagement and improve academic performance. The intervention was based on recording a video during a case study. The variables analyzed were network centrality, engagement and performance. The UCINET program was used to analyse social networks. The results showed a more cohesive network after the intervention and a high level of academic performance. The use of contact networks among students could be used as an academic strategy to build bridges between students in the classroom and even between these and students in other classrooms or centres.

  6. Revisión sobre la extracción de ADN a partir de huesos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Jiménez-Arce

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available Los huesos antiguos son una buena fuente de ADN, útil en muchos casos para el análisis forense, especialmente cuando el tejido blando está severamente descompuesto o dañado. Existen diferentes métodos para la extracción de ADN a partir de restos óseos, con diferentes eficacias, y que plantean varios problemas técnicos. Se presenta una revisión bibliográfica sobre este tema y se incluyen algunas recomendaciones prácticas.Ancient bones are a good source of DNA, useful on many forensic cases, specially when the soft tissues are putrefied to a high extent. There is many different methods to extract DNA from bones with various degrees of efficiency on the DNA amount obtained. We present a bibliographic review and some practical considerations.

  7. BIOSENSORES DE ADN BASADOS EN NANOTUBOS DE CARBONO MODIFICADOS QUIMICAMENTE

    OpenAIRE

    CAÑETE ROSALES, PAULINA ALEJANDRA

    2011-01-01

    Muchos de los desórdenes genéticos conocidos en la actualidad son provocados por cambios en el ADN, ya sea heredados o producidos por daño del material genético, por lo que la detección de estas secuencias específicas y/o su daño es muy importante. En la actualidad se han descrito numerosos métodos para detectar ADN, siendo los biosensores electroquímicos o genosensores los que ofrecen una alternativa de detección continua, rápida, sensible y selectiva. En esta Tesis s...

  8. Effets des electrons secondaires sur l'ADN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boudaiffa, Badia

    Les interactions des electrons de basse energie (EBE) representent un element important en sciences des radiations, particulierement, les sequences se produisant immediatement apres l'interaction de la radiation ionisante avec le milieu biologique. Il est bien connu que lorsque ces radiations deposent leur energie dans la cellule, elles produisent un grand nombre d'electrons secondaires (4 x 104/MeV), qui sont crees le long de la trace avec des energies cinetiques initiales bien inferieures a 20 eV. Cependant, il n'y a jamais eu de mesures directes demontrant l'interaction de ces electrons de tres basse energie avec l'ADN, du principalement aux difficultes experimentales imposees par la complexite du milieu biologique. Dans notre laboratoire, les dernieres annees ont ete consacrees a l'etude des phenomenes fondamentaux induits par impact des EBE sur differentes molecules simples (e.g., N2, CO, O2, H2O, NO, C2H 4, C6H6, C2H12) et quelques molecules complexes dans leur phase solide. D'autres travaux effectues recemment sur des bases de l'ADN et des oligonucleotides ont montre que les EBE produisent des bris moleculaires sur les biomolecules. Ces travaux nous ont permis d'elaborer des techniques pour mettre en evidence et comprendre les interactions fondamentales des EBE avec des molecules d'interet biologique, afin d'atteindre notre objectif majeur d'etudier l'effet direct de ces particules sur la molecule d'ADN. Les techniques de sciences des surfaces developpees et utilisees dans les etudes precitees peuvent etre etendues et combinees avec des methodes classiques de biologie pour etudier les dommages de l'ADN induits par l'impact des EBE. Nos experiences ont montre l'efficacite des electrons de 3--20 eV a induire des coupures simple et double brins dans l'ADN. Pour des energies inferieures a 15 eV, ces coupures sont induites par la localisation temporaire d'un electron sur une unite moleculaire de l'ADN, ce qui engendre la formation d'un ion negatif transitoire

  9. Comparative study on the job satisfaction degree between contract nurses and formal nurses%聘用制护士与正式护士工作满意度的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟俊涛; 刘少菲; 娄凤兰

    2009-01-01

    目的 了解聘用制护士工作满意度与正式护士的差异.方法 采用护士工作满意度量表和自行设计的护士一般情况调查表对随机抽取的3所省级三级甲等医院在职临床一线护士(包括内、外、妇、儿、急诊、ICU护士)350名进行调查.结果 聘用制护士在总体工作满意度及个人与专业的发展机会、成就与责任、工资与补贴、管理与医院政策、人际关系5个维度上的评分明显低于正式护士.而排班与工作条件、职业本身特点2个维度,聘用制护士的满意度评分显著高于正式护士.结论 建议根据聘用制护士与正式护士的差异,采取不同的管理措施和激励手段,提高聘用制护士工作满意度,确保护理队伍的稳定.%Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the differences of job satisfaction degree between contract nurses and formal nurses. Methods 350 incumbency clinical nurses were ob-tained from 3 provincial and grade three A hospitals(including nurses in internal medicine, surgical,gyne-cologic,pediatric,emergency departments and ICU). Research instruments used in this study included the self-designed demographic questionnaire and the nurses' job satisfaction scale. Results The level of the overall job satisfaction degree among contract nurses was lower than that of the formal nurses. Of all job satisfaction subscales, the scores of professional opportunities, performance and responsibility,salary and welfare, administration and hospital policy, interpersonal relationships among contract nurses were lower than those of formal nurses. But the scores of scheduling and work conditions, professional traits were higher than those of formal nurses. Conclusions It is advocated to adopt different management and incentive mechanisms to improve the job satisfaction degree for contract nurses according to the differ- ences between contract nurses and formal nurses, so that the nursing staff can be stabilized.

  10. The Demand for Associate Degree Nursing Education in Central Indiana: A Study of the Personal, Academic, and Professional Characteristics of Licensed Practical Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Faye L.; Khoury, Robert M.

    Since 1977, Indiana University--Purdue University at Indianapolis, Columbus Campus has been exploring the potential for offering a nursing program under the aegis of the the Indiana University School of Nursing. In May 1984, a study was conducted to determine community support for the development of a major nursing component for a Licensed…

  11. A Case Study of Connecticut Community Colleges Nursing Programs to Describe Gerontological Content Inclusion in Associate Degree Registered Nursing Programs Using an Educational Curriculum Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Leslie J.

    2013-01-01

    The population of adults over age 65 must have competently prepared registered nurses to meet their current and future health care needs. There is a societal component in nursing to ensure that all nurses have the content, skills, and strategies, which includes a focus on basic gerontology preparation. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive…

  12. A Case Study of Connecticut Community Colleges Nursing Programs to Describe Gerontological Content Inclusion in Associate Degree Registered Nursing Programs Using an Educational Curriculum Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Leslie J.

    2013-01-01

    The population of adults over age 65 must have competently prepared registered nurses to meet their current and future health care needs. There is a societal component in nursing to ensure that all nurses have the content, skills, and strategies, which includes a focus on basic gerontology preparation. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive…

  13. How ADN students can learn prenatal (healthy) care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cranmer, J; Lajkowicz, C

    1989-01-01

    This article describes the problem-solving steps of how an unsupervised clinical experience can be successfully implemented at the ADN level so that large numbers of students can meet traditional clinical objectives in a nontraditional manner. Learning experiences covered are: patient teaching, interviewing, care planning - coordinated with theories of learning and program philosophy/purpose.

  14. Recreational music-making: an integrative group intervention for reducing burnout and improving mood states in first year associate degree nursing students: insights and economic impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bittman, Barry B; Snyder, Cherie; Bruhn, Karl T; Liebfreid, Fran; Stevens, Christine K; Westengard, James; Umbach, Paul O

    2004-01-01

    The challenges of providing exemplary undergraduate nursing education cannot be underestimated in an era when burnout and negative mood states predictably lead to alarming rates of academic as well as career attrition. While the multi-dimensional nature of this complex issue has been extensively elucidated, few rational strategies exist to reverse a disheartening trend recognizable early in the educational process that subsequently threatens to undermine the future viability of quality healthcare. This controlled prospective crossover study examined the impact of a 6-session Recreational Music-making (RMM) protocol on burnout and mood dimensions as well as Total Mood Disturbance (TMD) in first year associate level nursing students. A total of 75 first year associate degree nursing students from Allegany College of Maryland (ACM) participated in a 6-session RMM protocol focusing on group support and stress reduction utilizing a specific group drumming protocol. Burnout and mood dimensions were assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Profile of Mood States respectively. Statistically significant reductions of multiple burnout and mood dimensions as well as TMD scores were noted. Potential annual cost savings for the typical associate degree nursing program (16,800 dollars) and acute care hospital (322,000 dollars) were projected by an independent economic analysis firm. A cost-effective 6-session RMM protocol reduces burnout and mood dimensions as well as TMD in associate degree nursing students.

  15. Effects of nursing cultural construction on work satisfaction degrees of nurses%护理文化建设对护士工作满意度的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 王智玲; 刘义成

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To discuss effects of nursing cultural construction on work satisfaction degrees of nurses .Methods:Nursing culture was constructed in line with cultural traits in Denison organizational culture theory , and assessments of work satisfaction degrees of nurses were made before and after the con-struction.Results: Comparisons of work satisfaction degrees before and after the construction had statistical significances in 5 dimensionsi relationship with co-workers, work recognition degree, balancing between family and work, management, and personal growth and development(P0.05).Conclusion:Nursing cultural construction can im-prove work satisfaction degrees of nurses.%目的:探讨护理文化建设对护士工作满意度的影响。方法:按丹尼森组织文化理论的特质建设护理文化,并在建设前后分别测量护士工作满意度。结果:实施前后护士工作满意度在与同事关系、工作被认可程度、家庭与工作的平衡、管理、个人成长及发展5个维度比较有统计学意义(P<0.05);工作符合、工作本身、工资及福利3个维度比较无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:护理文化建设可提高护士的工作满意度。

  16. Uncovering degrees of workplace bullying: A comparison of baccalaureate nursing students' experiences during clinical placement in Australia and the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birks, Melanie; Cant, Robyn P; Budden, Lea M; Russell-Westhead, Michele; Sinem Üzar Özçetin, Yeter; Tee, Stephen

    2017-07-01

    Bullying in health workplaces has a negative impact on nurses, their families, multidisciplinary teams, patient care and the profession. This paper compares the experiences of Australian and UK baccalaureate nursing students in relation to bullying and harassment during clinical placement. A secondary analysis was conducted on two primary cross-sectional studies of bullying experiences of Australian and UK nursing students. Data were collected using the Student Experience of Bullying during Clinical Placement (SEBDCP) questionnaire and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The total sample was 833 Australian and 561 UK students. Australian nursing students experienced a higher rate of bullying (50.1%) than UK students (35.5%). Students identified other nurses as the main perpetrators (Aust 53%, UK 68%), although patients were the main source of physical acts of bullying. Few bullied students chose to report the episode/s. The main reason for non-reporting was fear of being victimised. Sadly, some students felt bullying and harassment was 'part of the job'. A culture of bullying in nursing persists internationally. Nursing students are vulnerable and can question their future in the 'caring' profession of nursing after experiencing and/or witnessing bullying during clinical placement. Bullying requires a zero tolerance approach. Education providers must develop clearer policies and implement procedures to protect students - the future nursing workforce. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. An exploratory study of the relationship between age and learning styles among students in different nursing programs in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuh-Shiow; Chen, Hsiu-Mei; Yang, Bao-Huan; Liu, Chin-Fang

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between learning styles and age among nursing students in a two-year, a five-year associate degree of nursing (ADN) program, and a two-year bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) program in Taiwan. The Chinese version of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Form M was used to measure individual preferences in four dichotomous dimensions of Jungian theory: extraversion/introversion, sensing/intuition, thinking/feeling, and judging/perceiving. The study sample included 331 nursing students. The analysis of the data revealed that the most common learning styles were introversion, sensing, thinking, and judging (ISTJ) and introversion, sensing, feeling, and judging (ISFJ). The findings indicated that the SJs comprised 43.0% of the participating nursing students. SJs are highly preferred in the field of nursing. However, the ages of nursing students were not significantly related to their learning styles. The findings suggested that the participating nursing students were homogeneous. We recommend the use of a large sample for further studies. The awareness and understanding of individual differences is of great importance in tailoring each learning style to benefit educators and learners, thereby enhancing nursing education. 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Nursing, Nursing Education, and Anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biggers, Thompson; And Others

    In response to the current crisis in the field of nursing, a study examined nursing students' perceived work-related stress and differences among associate degree, diploma, and baccalaureate nursing programs in their preparation of nursing students. The 171 subjects, representing the three different nursing programs, completed a questionnaire…

  19. An exploratory study of the relationship between learning styles and academic performance among students in different nursing programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuh-Shiow; Yu, Wen-Pin; Liu, Chin-Fang; Shieh, Sue-Heui; Yang, Bao-Huan

    2014-10-27

    Abstract Background: Learning style is a major consideration in planning for effective and efficient instruction and learning. Learning style has been shown to influence academic performance in the previous research. Little is known about Taiwanese students' learning styles, particularly in the field of nursing education. Aim: This purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between learning styles and academic performance among nursing students in a five-year associate degree of nursing (ADN) program and a two-year bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) program in Taiwan. Methods/Design: This study employed a descriptive and exploratory design. The Chinese version of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Form M was an instrument. Data such as grade point average (GPA) were obtained from the Office of Academic Affairs and the Registrar computerized records. Descriptive statistics, one-way analysis of variance ANOVA) and chi-square statistical analysis were used to explore the relationship between academic performance and learning style in Taiwanese nursing students. Results/Findings: The study sample included 285 nursing students: 96 students in a two-year BSN program, and 189 students in a five-year ADN program. Two common learning styles were found: introversion, sensing, thinking, and judging (ISTJ); and introversion, sensing, feeling, and judging (ISFJ). A sensing-judging pair was identified in 43.3% of the participants. Academic performance was significantly related to learning style (p academic performance and enhance student success. A large sample is recommended for further research. Understanding the learning style preferences of students can enhance learning for those who are under performing in their academic studies, thereby enhancing nursing education.

  20. Significance of anti-deoxyribonuclease-B (ADN-B) determination in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujikawa, S; Kawakita, S; Kosakai, N; Oda, T; Ohkuni, M; Shiokawa, Y; Watanabe, N; Yamada, T

    1982-11-01

    The determination of anti-deoxyribonuclease-B (ADN-B) is very important for the diagnosis of antecedent streptococcal infection because almost all of group A streptococci have this antigen and a strong elevation of the antibody is observed in patients with acute rheumatic fever, acute glomerulonephritis and other streptococcal infections. Moreover, ADN-B titers are elevated in cases with streptococcal skin infection, whereas anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titers are rarely elevated in these cases. So the determination of ADN-B is recommended as the second streptococcal antibody test to ASO detection (manual of WHO). In our study, the upper limits of ADN-B in normal subjects were 1:60 in preschool age, 1:480 in school age and 1:340 in adult age groups. In acute rheumatic fever, ADN-B titers were elevated in 87% of the cases and also 87% of the patients with acute glomerulonephritis had high ADN-B titers. In inactive rheumatic fever, 72% of the patients had high ADN-B titers, while, ASO titers were elevated in only 22% of the cases. In streptococcal carrier states, 39% of the children had high ADN-B titers but ADN-B was positive only 8% in non-carrier children.

  1. Microarreglos de ADN y sus aplicaciones en investigaciones biomédicas

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Vallin Plous

    2007-01-01

    El objetivo del presente trabajo consiste en realizar una actualización de los últimos desarrollos llevados a cabo en la tecnología relacionada con los microarreglos de ADN y su aplicación en la medicina. Los microarreglos de ADN surgen de la necesidad de analizar la cantidad de información procedente de los grandes proyectos de secuenciación de genomas. Los "chips" o microarreglos de ADN son una serie de sondas de ADN unidas a un soporte sólido en una disposición regular y prefijada. El ácid...

  2. Pre-Licensed Nursing Students Rate Professional Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garee, Denise L.

    2016-01-01

    Ethical decision making of new nurses relies on professional values and moral development obtained during training. This descriptive, comparative study demonstrated the importance values attributed to the items of the Nurses' Professional Values Scale-Revised (Weis & Schank, 2009), by a sample of senior ADN and BSN students from across the…

  3. Mental Health Education and Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) in Pre-registration Nursing Degrees: Follow the Leaders?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Rhonda; Hungerford, Catherine

    2015-05-01

    Virtual learning environments (VLEs) are now commonly used, worldwide, as teaching and learning platforms for pre-registration nursing education. However, there is only limited evidence in the research literature to suggest that VLEs are employed to support the education of student nurses about mental health and illness. This article describes the work of mental health nurse educators who have taken the lead by providing case-based simulations on VLEs, thereby enabling students to acquire knowledge and develop the clinical skills required for practice in mental health settings. Benefits of VLEs include their flexibility and accessibility, and also the opportunity they provide for students to engage with Web 2.0 technologies. Leadership in education must include the utilization of the most current pedagogical tools and strategies, as well as staying abreast of contemporary evidence-based practices in clinical settings, to support the knowledge acquisition and practice-based learning of the registered nurses (RNs) of the future.

  4. Investigation of the teaching cognition and capabilities of clinical advisers for masters degree level nursing specialty graduate students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Lei Zhao

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: Clinical advisers for nursing specialty graduate students in our survey were generally inexperienced with regarding to training and culturing nursing graduate students. These advisers were prepared for core teaching competency, but were not qualified to conduct scientific research. Based on these results, it would be beneficial to provide the clinical advisers more training on teaching cognition for graduate students and improve their competency to perform scientific research.

  5. The relationship between emotional intelligence, previous caring experience, and successful completion of a pre-registration nursing/midwifery degree.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowden, Austyn; Stenhouse, Rosie; Duers, Lorraine; Marshall, Sarah; Carver, Fiona; Brown, Norrie; Young, Jenny

    2017-09-14

    To examine the relationship between baseline emotional intelligence and prior caring experience with completion of pre-registration nurse and midwifery education. Selection and retention of nursing students is a global challenge. Emotional intelligence is well conceptualised, measurable and an intuitive prerequisite to nursing values and so might be a useful selection criterion. Previous caring experience may also be associated with successful completion of nurse training. Prospective longitudinal study. Self-report trait and ability emotional intelligence scores were obtained from 876 student nurses from two Scottish Universities before they began training in 2013. Data on previous caring experience were recorded. Relationships between these metrics and successful completion of the course were calculated in SPSS version 23. Nurses completing their programme scored significantly higher on trait emotional intelligence than those that did not complete their programme. Nurses completing their programme also scored significantly higher on social connection scores than those that did not. There was no relationship between 'ability' emotional intelligence and completion. Previous caring experience was not statistically significantly related to completion. Students with higher baseline trait emotional intelligence scores were statistically more likely to complete training than those with lower scores. This relationship also held using 'Social connection' scores. At best, previous caring experience made no difference to students' chances of completing training. Caution is urged when interpreting these results because the headline findings mask considerable heterogeneity. Neither previous caring experience or global emotional intelligence measures should be used in isolation to recruit nurses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  6. Prueba del ADN y derecho a la intimidad: algunos conflictos concretos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Pérez González

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La prueba del ADN constituye una importante herramienta en campos muy diversos, como el de la investigación criminal o la prueba de paternidad, debido a que permite la identificación de los individuos a través de sus respectivos perfiles de ADN. Sin embargo, la aplicación de las técnicas de la prueba del ADN afecta a los derechos fundamentales. El almacenamiento y uso de la información recopilada en las bases de datos de ADN o las intervenciones corporales pueden constituir, bajo determinadas circunstancias, una violación o limitación de los derechos fundamentales. Este artículo pretende estudiar determinados conflictos relativos a la prueba del ADN y el derecho a la intimidad.

  7. Critical thinking dispositions and skills of senior nursing students in associate, baccalaureate, and RN-to-BSN programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Kyungrim; Jung, Duk Yoo; Shin, Sujin; Kim, Myoung Soo

    2006-06-01

    a comparative study of the critical thinking dispositions and skills of students in 3-year associate degree (ADN), 4-year baccalaureate (BSN), and 5-year RN-to-BSN programs. The RN-to-BSN program requires students to finish a separate 2-year program after the initial 3-year ADN program.

  8. Simulador de electroforesis de ADN en un gel virtual

    OpenAIRE

    Cross, Ismael; Rebordinos, Laureana

    2012-01-01

    El archivo consiste en una hoja de cálculo programada donde poder introducir los datos de diferentes muestras de ADN en pares de bases y observar y analizar cómo se verían en un gel de electroforesis e interpretar el patrón de bandas obtenido. El objetivo es poder realizar “electroforesis virtuales” en una práctica de bioinformática sin tener que realizar una práctica de laboratorio “ad hoc” cuando la electroforesis sea sólo una parte de dicha práctica.

  9. Simulador de electroforesis de ADN en un gel virtual

    OpenAIRE

    Cross, Ismael; Rebordinos, Laureana

    2012-01-01

    El archivo consiste en una hoja de cálculo programada donde poder introducir los datos de diferentes muestras de ADN en pares de bases y observar y analizar cómo se verían en un gel de electroforesis e interpretar el patrón de bandas obtenido. El objetivo es poder realizar “electroforesis virtuales” en una práctica de bioinformática sin tener que realizar una práctica de laboratorio “ad hoc” cuando la electroforesis sea sólo una parte de dicha práctica.

  10. ADN: huellas genéticas en el proceso penal

    OpenAIRE

    Ramallo Machín, Andrea Cristina

    2016-01-01

    [Resumen] El trabajo de investigación hace referencia a la aplicación de la identificación por el ADN de presuntos delincuentes en una investigación criminal como objeto de una prueba pericial en un proceso penal. Destacando las díferencias sustanciales que existen entre la aplicación de un método científico en circunstancias controladas en un laboratorio y su utilización en escenarios muy distintos, como puede ser el lugar donde se ha cometido un delito. Reconociendo su gra...

  11. The Relationship among Health Education Systems, Inc. Progression and Exit Examination Scores, Day or Evening Enrollment, Final Grade Point Average and NCLEX-RN® Success in Associate Degree Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnwell-Sanders, Pamela

    2015-01-01

    Graduates of associate degree (AD) nursing programs form the largest segment of first-time National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN®) test takers, yet also experience the highest rate of NCLEX-RN® failures. NCLEX-RN® failure delays entry into the profession, adding an emotional and financial toll to the unsuccessful…

  12. Energetic Characteristics and Comprehensive Properties of Propellants Containing ADN%含 ADN 推进剂的能量特性及综合性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 谢五喜; 樊学忠; 刘芳莉; 庞维强; 刘小刚; 姬月萍

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the energy,safety,storage and combustion performances of propellants containing ammonium dinitramide (ADN),the energy characteristic parameters were calculated based on the minmum free energy mechanism.The heat of detonation and burning rate were tested by closed bomb test and target line method, and the moisture absorption and sensitivity were studied.The results show that the standard theory specific impulses of propellants containing ADN/Al/HMX,ADN/Al/CL-20,ADN/AlH3/HMX and ADN/AlH3/CL-20 are in the range of 2 675 -2 685,2 677 -2 686,2 801 -2 810 and 2 803 -2 812 N ·s ·kg-1 ,respectively.ADN propellant with normal curing and compact structure can be prepared using the inert polyether binder system plasti-cized by nitrate ester.With increasing the content of ADN in the propellant formulation,the heat of detonation, moisture absorption,burning rate and pressure exponent of the propellant increase,the friction and impact sensitivities of the propellant increase and the density decreases slightly.%为研究含二硝酰胺铵(ADN)推进剂的能量、安全、贮存及燃烧性能,根据最小自由能原理计算了含 ADN 推进剂的能量特性参数,采用密闭爆发器及靶线法测试其爆热及燃速,并对其吸湿性及感度进行了研究。结果表明,含 ADN/Al/HMX、ADN/Al/CL-20、ADN/AlH3/HMX 和 ADN/AlH3/CL-20推进剂的标准理论比冲分别为2675~2685、2677~2686、2801~2810和2803~2812 N·s·kg-1,采用硝酸酯增塑的惰性聚醚黏合剂体系可制备出固化正常、结构致密的含 ADN 推进剂。随着推进剂配方中 ADN 含量的增加,推进剂的爆热、吸湿性、燃速和压强指数增大,摩擦感度和撞击撞击提高,密度略有降低。

  13. Examining the effects of problem-based learning and NCLEX-RN scores on the critical thinking skills of associate degree nursing students in a Southeastern Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Evadna M

    2008-01-01

    Teaching methodologies used to promote critical thinking should be investigated to enhance the delivery of safe and effective care and to improve student success on the NCLEX-RN Exam. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a problem-based learning methodology on the critical thinking skills of associate degree nursing students in a 12-week NCLEX-Review Course. An experimental pre-post treatment comparative design was utilized to determine the effects of the two teaching methods on the critical thinking skills of fourth semester students enrolled in a NCLEX-Review Course.

  14. A comparative analysis of ethical development of student nurses registered for a basic degree and basic diploma programme in KwaZulu Natal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NG Mtshali

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available A comparative descriptive study was conducted to establish whether the Comprehensive Basic Nursing Course (CBNC is able to develop students ethically, and how educational preparation from two different programmes (basic degree and basic diploma influence their ethical development. This study was conducted because of the concerns on the escalating number of litigations instituted against nurses. Several studies have indicated that some of these litigations are as a result of the growing complexity of the health care system and the society’s increasing awareness of their human rights. Some studies have shown that nurses are failing to make principled and ethically sound decisions because they are inadequately prepared to handle ethical issues in an ethically responsible manner. A purposively selected sample of third and fourth year students from both programmes was used. Data was collected from both groups through the use of questionnaires. The findings revealed that the students are developing ethically in a CBNC but the level of ethical development is influenced by their educational preparation, teaching approaches and strategies used, clinical environment, hospital bureaucracy, rules and policies.

  15. Development Testing of 1-Newton ADN-Based Rocket Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anflo, K.; Gronland, T.-A.; Bergman, G.; Nedar, R.; Thormählen, P.

    2004-10-01

    With the objective to reduce operational hazards and improve specific and density impulse as compared with hydrazine, the Research and Development (R&D) of a new monopropellant for space applications based on AmmoniumDiNitramide (ADN), was first proposed in 1997. This pioneering work has been described in previous papers1,2,3,4 . From the discussion above, it is clear that cost savings as well as risk reduction are the main drivers to develop a new generation of reduced hazard propellants. However, this alone is not enough to convince a spacecraft builder to choose a new technology. Cost, risk and schedule reduction are good incentives, but a spacecraft supplier will ask for evidence that this new propulsion system meets a number of requirements within the following areas: This paper describes the ongoing effort to develop a storable liquid monopropellant blend, based on AND, and its specific rocket engines. After building and testing more than 20 experimental rocket engines, the first Engineering Model (EM-1) has now accumulated more than 1 hour of firing-time. The results from test firings have validated the design. Specific impulse, combustion stability, blow-down capability and short pulse capability are amongst the requirements that have been demonstrated. The LMP-103x propellant candidate has been stored for more than 1 year and initial material compatibility screening and testing has started. 1. Performance &life 2. Impact on spacecraft design &operation 3. Flight heritage Hereafter, the essential requirements for some of these areas are outlined. These issues are discussed in detail in a previous paper1 . The use of "Commercial Of The Shelf" (COTS) propulsion system components as much as possible is essential to minimize the overall cost, risk and schedule. This leads to the conclusion that the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 5 has been reached for the thruster and propellant. Furthermore, that the concept of ADN-based propulsion is feasible.

  16. Estandarizacion de un protocolo sencillo para la extraccion de ADN genomico de levaduras

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Osorio-Cadavid, Esteban; Ramirez, Mauricio; Lopez, William Andres; Mambuscay, Luz Adriana

    2009-01-01

    Se estandarizo un protocolo rapido, sencillo y de bajo costo para la extraccion de ADN genomico de levaduras a partir de lisis de la pared celular mediante tratamiento enzimatico y precipitacion por alcoholes...

  17. Simulation With Debriefing and Guided Reflective Journaling to Stimulate Critical Thinking in Prelicensure Baccalaureate Degree Nursing Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padden-Denmead, Mary L; Scaffidi, Rose M; Kerley, Regina M; Farside, Amy Lee

    2016-11-01

    Simulation and guided reflective journaling have been identified as effective teaching and learning methods to develop critical thinking (CT) and clinical reasoning skills in nursing students. A descriptive correlational design was used to determine the relationship between CT and level of reflection using the Holistic Critical Thinking Skills Rubric (HCTSR) and the level of reflection on action assessment (LORAA), respectively, to evaluate 23 baccalaureate student-guided reflective journal entries after a simulation exercise with guided debriefing and after two subsequent clinical experiences. A statistically significant positive relationship (p < .01) was found between mean HCTSR and LORAA scores on all three journal entries, but no relationship to CT during simulation or on standardized test scores. The results also indicated support for use of the guided reflection after significant learning experiences. The LORAA and the HCTSR are effective measures of level of reflection and CT to evaluate learning from simulation and clinical experiences. [J Nurs Educ. 2016;55(11):645-650.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  18. Licenciatura e bacharelado em enfermagem: experiências e expectativas de estudantes Licenciatura y bachillerato en enfermería: experiencias y expectativas de estudiantes Bachelor and teaching degree in nursing: experiences and expectations of nursing students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Maria dos Reis Santos

    2011-12-01

    estudiantes y que genera expectativas relacionadas a la actuación profesional. Sin embargo, existen lagunas que precisan ser revistas por los que actúan en la enseñanza de enfermería, para considerar las especificidades teórico-prácticas exigidas en la formación del enfermero.This is a phenomenological study that aimed to understand the experience of the student enrolled in both the Bachelor and the teaching undergraduate degree in nursing at the same time. Interviews with eight nursing students from a public university of Minas Gerais, Brazil, were undertaken. Analyses were conducted based on the social phenomenology of Alfred Schütz. Results showed that according to the pupils, there is no connection between the teaching courses and the Bachelor ones, but they also highlighted that the teaching degree helps educational activities in nursing. The students have interest in working with health education and to become nursing teachers. They also consider that the dual degree allows the expansion of knowledge and generates better expectations related to professional practice. However, it has gaps which need to be reviewed by those who work in nursing education, addressing the specific theoretical and practical needs of nursing students.

  19. 湖南省某医院护理人员对医院组织文化的认同度调查%Investigation of Identification Degree of Nursing Staff in a Hunan Hospital to Organizational Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵蓉; 赵晓华; 龙显达

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解护理人员对医院组织文化的认同度,为医院组织文化建设提供依据。方法:采用定量研究方法,使用自制问卷,调查了湖南省某医院408名护理人员对医院组织文化的整体认同度以及组成的11个因子的认同度。结果:护理人员对医院组织文化整体认同度不高,不同性别、教育程度、本院工龄、职务、职称的护理人员对医院组织文化认同度均不高;与普通护士比较,护理管理人员对医院组织文化各因子认同度更高。结论:应根据调查结果,提供给护理人员更多培训机会,关爱临床护士、营造“以人为本”的和谐医院组织文化,以提高护理人员对医院组织文化的认同度。%Objective:To explore the identification degree of nursing staff,provide reference for the hospital culture bulding.Method:Quantitative research method was adopted. A self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate 408 nurses. Identification degree to the organizational culture,overall identification degree and consisting of 11 subunit. Result:Identification degree of nursing staff to organizational culture were low,and its different among different gender,age,level of education,seniority,position,title of nursing staff,compared with the nurse without administrative position,nursing administrators identification degree were higher. Conclusion:According to the survey results,the hospital administrators should provide more training opportunities to nursing staff,care for the nurses especially towards clinical nurses,creating a"people-oriented"harmonious hospital organizational culture to increase the nursing staff’s identification degree.

  20. Nursing: What's a Nurse Practitioner?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... such as family practice or pediatrics. Pediatric and family practice NPs can provide regular health care for kids. Nurse practitioners (also referred to as advanced practice nurses, or APNs) have a master's degree in nursing (MS or MSN) and board certification in their ...

  1. Evaluacion de dos metodos de extraccion de ADN a partir de biopsias fijadas en formalina y embebidas en parafina en condiciones no optimas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bustamante, Javier Andres; Astudillo, Miryam; Pazos, Alvaro Jairo; Bravo, Luis Eduardo

    2011-01-01

    .... Existen multiples metodos de extraccion de ADN a partir de este tipo de muestras. No obstante, la mayoria de metodos toman mucho tiempo y los reactivos empleados contribuyen a la fragmentacion del ADN...

  2. Student and Faculty Perceptions of Effective Clinical Instructors in ADN Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gignac-Caille; Anne Marie; Oermann, Marilyn H.

    2001-01-01

    Associate degree nursing students (n=292) and faculty (n=59) agreed on 6 of 10 characteristics of effective clinical instructors. Effective instructors are clinically competent, use effective evaluation strategies, explain clearly, are approachable, are well prepared to teach, and communicate clear expectations. (Contains 28 references.) (SK)

  3. 护理学硕士专业学位专业方向设置的调查研究%Investigation on Specialty Setting of Nursing Professional Master Degree

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚雅青; 王爱敏; 沐菊; 佟新格; 朱秀丽

    2013-01-01

      目的了解护理专家、本科护士及应届本科生对专业学位研究生教育专业方向设置的认知及差异,并了解本科护士和应届本科生的报考意向,为专业方向的设置提供参考。方法采用自制问卷结合访谈,对40名从事和熟悉护理工作的专家、147名具有本科学历的临床护士以及177名护理本科应届毕业生进行调查。结果专家认为前3位设置的专业方向为危重症监护、糖尿病护理、伤口造口护理;大多数专家倾向于专业方向按护理专科划分;生源对专业方向的重要性认知和有意向报考的专业方向不一致。结论优先设置的专业方向为危重症监护、糖尿病护理、急诊急救、心血管疾病护理、伤口造口护理、器官移植护理。生源对专业方向的认知存在一定偏差,应加强引导和干预。%Objective To understand and compare the attitude toward specialty setting of nursing professional master degree among nursing experts, nurses with bachelor degree and undergraduate nursing students, to know students’ intention of specialty choice and to provide evidence for specialty setting. Methods A self-designed questionnaire was applied in the investigation of 40 nursing experts, 147 nurses with bachelor degree and 177 would-be undergraduate nursing students. Results Nursing experts thought that the top three specialties to set up were critical care, diabetes care, wound and ostomy care and most experts considered that professional directions were divided by specialized nursing care. There was inconsistence between students’ perception of the importance of professional direction and their intention for the specialty. Conclusion Nursing specialty setting should take social demands as a guiding and there still exist some misunderstandings of specialty, guidance and intervention for specialty choice are needed.

  4. INFERTILIDAD MASCULINA Y FRAGMENTACIÓN DEL ADN ESPERMÁTICO: UN PROBLEMA ACTUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Alejandra Quintero\\u2013Vásquez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El ADN del espermatozoide aporta la mitad del material genético a la descendencia, en la actualidad los parámetros obtenidos a través de un seminograma no dan una información completa sobre el potencial fecundante del semen y la capacidad de dar lugar a un embrión sano y un embarazo evolutivo. Es por ésto que ha aumentado el interés en desarrollar técnicas encaminadas a evaluar la fragmentación del ADN espermático, ya que en cualquier etapa del proceso de la espermatogénesis se puede producir un daño, siendo éste un fenómeno multifactorial y no del todo delimitado. Actualmente la infertilidad es un problema global que va en aumento y se ha demostrado que la calidad del ADN del espermatozoide puede afectar la fecundación; es por ello que la evaluación de la integridad del ADN, además del estudio de los parámetros seminales, puede aportar información adicional acerca de la calidad del espermatozoide, y ser de gran ayuda para identificar las causas de la infertilidad masculina y así orientar de mejor manera a las parejas.

  5. Aportaci??n a la m??tica historia de Ad??n y Eva (II)

    OpenAIRE

    1982-01-01

    Es continuaci??n de: Castillo Castillo, C. "Aportaci??n a la m??tica historia de Ad??n y Eva (I)". Miscel??nea de estudios ??rabes y hebraicos. Secci??n ??rabe-Islam. Vol. 29 (1980). ISSN 0544-408X, p. 35-52. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/33730].

  6. Primeros resultados del análisis de ADN mitocondrial del sitio Arroyo Seco 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Figueiro, Gonzalo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de ADN de restos antiguos permite agregar una dimensión diacrónica a estudios de historias poblacionales. Con el fin de estudiar la composición genética de una muestra temprana de la región pampeana, se extrajo y analizó por RFLP, ADN mitocondrial de una muestra de 23 individuos del sitio Arroyo Seco 2, Provincia de Buenos Aires, con fechados máximos de 7800 años A.P. Fue posible asignar 8 individuos a los haplogrupos B (n = 3, C (n = 4 y D (n = 1, en tanto que en 8 no pudo extraerse ADN, en 3 fue imposible la determinación y en 4 se constató contaminación con ADN moderno. Se exploraron las relaciones de muestras indígenas antiguas y modernas con la muestra de Arroyo Seco 2 que, como supuesto exploratorio inicial, fue considerada representativa de las poblaciones tempranas de la región pampeana. Entre los resultados obtenidos del análisis comparativo se destacan de momento: a Una relación sugerente entre la muestra de Arroyo Seco 2 y poblaciones modernas del Chaco, Patagonia y sur de Chile y b una notable diferencia respecto a los Mapuche de la Argentina, lo cual sugiere una discontinuidad entre las poblaciones pampeanas del Holoceno temprano y el Holoceno tardío.

  7. Analysis of Relationship between Associate Degree Nursing Student's Self-Confidence in Learning and Their Perceived Presence of 5 Instructional Design Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kada, Geetha

    2013-01-01

    Increasing patient acuity and complex health care demands the need for preparing competent graduate nurses. However, reduced availability of clinical sites exists translating to difficulties obtaining patient care experiences for nursing students. This ongoing issue demands educators to seek alternative teaching strategies. High-fidelity…

  8. The Use of the Academic Electronic Medical Record (EMR) to Develop Critical Thinking Skills in an Associate Degree Nursing Mobility Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wlodyga, Linda J.

    2010-01-01

    In an attempt to prepare new graduate nurses to meet the demands of health care delivery systems, the use of computer-based clinical information systems that combine hands-on experience with computer based information systems was explored. Since the introduction of Electronic Medical Records (EMR) nearly two decades ago, the demand for nurses to…

  9. Application of 360-degree Appraisal Method in Ouptatient Nursing Performance Appraisal%基于360°考核法的军人门诊护士绩效考核管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩炜; 张小青; 张娜; 张媛

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the application effect of 360 -degree performance appraisal method in the work of the excellent care services in military clinic. Methods According to delphi specialist consultant and the management concept of 360 - degree performance appraisal, based on the differences of service object, service content, nursing position, nursing quality, nursing safety, a all - round and multi - dimensional performance evaluation indicators system were constructed, with which to check and evaluate nursing quality of the staff weekly, and then to evaluate the performance according to the department responsibility, management of responsibility group, department affaire work, the labor discipline monthly, as well as the summary scores were calculated. The nurse own the highest scores will be named as the first nurse in the performance appraisal and to be rewarded. Results & Conclusion 360 - degree performance appraisal method can mobilize the enthusiasm of nursing staff fully to improve the quality continuously. At the same time, it can also provide a basis for nursing staffs selection, promotion, reward and punishment。%目的 探讨360°绩效考核法在军人门诊开展优护理服务中的应用效果.方法 运用delphi专家咨询法及360°绩效考核的管理理念,根据科室服务对象、服务项目、护理岗位、护理质量、护理安全等的不同,构建全方位、多维度绩效考核指标及评价体系,每周不定期检查考评护理人员的工作质量,每月结合科室责任项目管理、责任小组管理、科务工作、劳动纪律的评价,通过量化汇总评分,评出绩效考核第一护理人员,并给予奖励.结果和结论 360°绩效考核方法充分调动了护理人员工作积极性,达到了促进护理工作质量的持续改进的目的,也为护理人员的评选、晋升、奖惩提供依据.

  10. Mechanism and kinetics for ammonium dinitramide (ADN) sublimation: a first-principles study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, R S; Chen, Hui-Lung; Lin, M C

    2012-11-08

    The mechanism for sublimation of NH(4)N(NO(2))(2) (ADN) has been investigated quantum-mechanically with generalized gradient approximation plane-wave density functional theory calculations; the solid surface is represented by a slab model and the periodic boundary conditions are applied. The calculated lattice constants for the bulk ADN, which were found to consist of NH(4)(+)[ON(O)NNO(2)](-) units, instead of NH(4)(+)[N(NO(2))(2)](-), agree quite well with experimental values. Results show that three steps are involved in the sublimation/decomposition of ADN. The first step is the relaxation of the surface layer with 1.6 kcal/mol energy per NH(4)ON(O)NNO(2) unit; the second step is the sublimation of the surface layer to form a molecular [NH(3)]-[HON(O)NNO(2)] complex with a 29.4 kcal/mol sublimation energy, consistent with the experimental observation of Korobeinichev et al. (10) The last step is the dissociation of the [H(3)N]-[HON(O)NNO(2)] complex to give NH(3) and HON(O)NNO(2) with the dissociation energy of 13.9 kcal/mol. Direct formation of NO(2) (g) from solid ADN costs a much higher energy, 58.3 kcal/mol. Our calculated total sublimation enthalpy for ADN(s) → NH(3)(g) + HON(O)NNO(2)) (g), 44.9 kcal/mol via three steps, is in good agreement with the value, 42.1 kcal/mol predicted for the one-step sublimation process in this work and the value 44.0 kcal/mol computed by Politzer et al. (11) using experimental thermochemical data. The sublimation rate constant for the rate-controlling step 2 can be represented as k(sub) = 2.18 × 10(12) exp (-30.5 kcal/mol/RT) s(-1), which agrees well with available experimental data within the temperature range studied. The high pressure limit decomposition rate constant for the molecular complex H(3)N···HON(O)NNO(2) can be expressed by k(dec) = 3.18 × 10(13) exp (-15.09 kcal/mol/RT) s(-1). In addition, water molecules were found to increase the sublimation enthalpy of ADN, contrary to that found in the ammonium

  11. Evaluation on trust degree of nurse - patient relationship and correlation analysis of influencing factors%护患关系信任度的评价方式与影响新因素相关度分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪婉媚; 彭秋燕; 黄哲梅

    2012-01-01

    目的 对护患关系信任度评价的方式进行总结,并对相关的影响因素进行分析.方法 抽取我院各科室的护士共80名,对其在过去一段时间所负责照顾的患者进行问卷调查,从而对护患关系进行了解.结果 专业知识欠缺、沟通技巧不佳、服务意识不强、配备不足、患者的因素是对护患关系造成影响的主要因素.结论 护患之间既相互依存,又相互矛盾.良好的护患关系会给整个医疗过程提供切实的保障.%Objective To summarize the evaluation methods of trust degree of the nurse-patient relationship,and analyze related influencing factors.Methods Eighty nurses were selected in different departments of our hospital,the patients that every nurse was responsible for were investigated with questionnaires,so as to explore the relationship of nurse-patient.Results It was found that these were main factors of influencing the relationship of nurse-patient including the lack of professional knowledge,communication skills,poor service consciousness,lack of equipment,patient factors.Conclusions The relationship of nurse - patient is hpth interdependent and contradictory.A good nurse-patient relationship will give the whole medical process to provide effective guarantee.

  12. 护理专升本学生心理特点及学习动机培养%Psychological Characteristics and Learning Motive Development of Master Degree Candidates Majoring in Nursing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄静; 钱桂生

    2003-01-01

    The author of this article has explored how to train and stimulate the learning motives of the master degee candidates majoring in nuring by the analysis of the investigation of the psychological characteristics combined with psychological throries, cognition, application of course target, variety of teaching methods, feedebck of teaching effects, enrichment of extracurricular activities, and so on. By investigation, master degree candidates majoring in nursing are found to be in urgent need of training and stimulation of learning motives.

  13. Research in influencing factors of job satisfaction degree among community nurses in Qiqihar city%齐齐哈尔市社区护士工作满意度影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红敏

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the influencing factors of job satisfaction degree among community nurses in Qiqihar city.Methods Using stratified systematic cluster sampling method,we conducted self-administered questionnaire,results were subsequently analyzed.Results Logistic regression analysis was introduced,influencing factors of job satisfaction degree included work location,age,marital status,professional title,properties of jobs,monthly income and work length.Conclusions The government should pay attention to community health care services,gasp the situation of job satisfaction degree of community nurses timely,take innovative measures,improve job satisfaction degree of community nurses,stabilize community nursing teams and promote the development of community health services.%目的 了解齐齐哈尔市社区护士工作满意度的影响因素.方法 利用分层系统整群抽样的方法对165名社区护士进行现场自填式问卷调查,对结果进行分析.结果 引入Logistic回归分析,工作地点、年龄、婚姻状况、职称、岗位性质、月收入和工作年限是护士工作满意度的影响因素.结论 政府应重视社区卫生护理服务,及时掌握社区护士的工作满意度情况,采取改进措施,提高社区护士工作满意度,稳定社区护理队伍,促进社区卫生服务事业的发展.

  14. 护理本科生工作期望值与实际满意度差异的研究%The study of working expectation values and actual satisfaction degree in nursing college graduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊爱玲; 王雪花; 黄志洁; 王景丽; 陈萍; 赵艳华

    2008-01-01

    Objective To discuss the variance of working expectation values and actual satisfaction degree in nursing college graduates from various aspects and evaluate their actual career mentality.Methods We investigated the working expectation values and actual satisfaction degree in nursing college graduates who graduated from Chengde medical college in 2004 and 2005.Results The working expectation values and actual satisfaction degree had statistical difference in 5 aspects(P<0.05).We subsequently compared the expectation values between each two groups and drew out the conclusion that these nursing graduates had great requirement of being understood and respected.Conclusion The nursing graduates had higher working expectation values and lower satisfaction degree.They paid more attention to be understood and respected and were in great need of emotional support and mental satisfaction.Hospital administrators should help them accurately orient theirselves,establish career development plan,attach importanee to their mental requirement and adopt effective measures to improve their satisfaction degree and promote the healthy growth of nursing college graduates.%目的 从多方面探讨护理本科生对工作期望值与实际满意度之间的差异度,以评价护理本科生真实的从业心态.方法 对承德医学院2004-2005年毕业并参加医院工作的护理本科生进行期望值与满意度调查,并对结果进行分析.结果护理本科生在5个方面的期望值与满意度比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).对各项的期望值进行两两比较,护理本科生对理解与尊重的需求突出.结论 本科生工作期望值较高,而满意度较低.他们更注重被理解与尊重、有所成就以及情感的认同和精神上的满足感.医院管理者应帮助他们准确定位,制订实际的职业发展规划,重视他们的心理需求,采取针对性措施有效提高其满意度,促进护理本科生的健康成长.

  15. AISLAMIENTO DE ADN GENÓMICO DE Myrciaria dubia (HBK “CAMU CAMU” APROPIADO PARA ANÁLISIS MOLECULARES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Castro Gómez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Myrciaria dubia “camu-camu”, una especie nativa de la Amazonía que produce frutos con alto contenido de vitamina C y otras sustancias importantes. Sin embargo, los estudios moleculares de esta planta son escasos, por falta de un protocolo reproducible para purificar sus ácidos nucléicos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer un protocolo para aislar el ADN genómico a partir de hojas de M. dubia, apropiado para análisis moleculares. El ADN se purificó con un protocolo modificado, la calidad y cantidad se estimó por espectrofotometría y electroforesis en gel de agarosa. Adicionalmente, la calidad se evaluó mediante RAPD. El ratio de calidad (A260/A280 promedio del ADN fue 1.9±0.1 y el espectro de absorción UV/Vis presentó un único pico de máxima absorbancia a 260nm. Mediante electroforesis el ADN fue íntegro y sin ARN. También, la síntesis de amplicones RAPD nos sugiere ausencia de inhibidores para polimerasas. La concentración promedio del ADN fue 99±33 ng/ml y el rendimiento promedio fue 237±80 mg ADN/g hoja. En conclusión, se ha establecido un protocolo de aislamiento de ADN genómico a partir de hojas de Myrciaria dubia “camu camu”, caracterizado por permitirnos obtener ADN de alta calidad y cantidad suficiente para análisis moleculares como el RAPD.

  16. Protection des ions organiques contre les dommages induits a l'ADN par les electrons de basse energie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumont, Ariane

    Il a ete demontre que les electrons de basse energie (EBE) peuvent induire des cassures simple brin (CSB) a l'ADN, via la formation d'anions transitoires qui decroissent par attachement dissociatif, ou dans d'autres etats electroniques dissociatifs menant a la fragmentation. Afin d'effectuer une etude complete des effets des electrons de basse energie sur la matiere biologique, il est necessaire de comprendre leur mecanismes d'interaction non seulement avec l'ADN, mais avec les constituants de son environnement. Les histones sont une composante importante de l'environnement moleculaire de l'ADN. Leur charge positive leur permet de s'associer aux groupements phosphate anionique de l'ADN. Le role principal de ces proteines basiques consiste a organiser l'ADN et l'empaqueter afin de former la chromatine. Les cations sont une autre composante importante de la cellule; ils jouent un role dans la stabilisation de la conformation B de l'ADN in vitro par leurs interactions avec les petits et grands sillons de l'ADN, ainsi qu'avec le groupement phosphate charge negativement. Avec les histones, ils participent egalement a la compaction de l'ADN pour former la chromatine. Cette etude a pour but de comprendre comment la presence d'ions organiques (sous forme de Tris et d'EDTA) a proximite de l'ADN modifie le rendement de cassures simple brin induit par les electrons de basse energie. Le Tris et l'EDTA ont-ete choisis comme objet d'etude, puisqu'en solution, ils forment le tampon standard pour solubiliser l'ADN dans les experiences in vitro (10mM Tris, 1mM EDTA). De plus, la molecule Tris possede un groupement amine alors que l'EDTA possede 4 groupements carboxyliques. Ensembles, ils peuvent se comporter comme un modele simple pour les acides amines. Le ratio molaire de 10 :1 de Tris par rapport a l'EDTA a pour but d'imiter le comportement des histones qui sont riches en arginine et lysine, acides amines possedant un groupement amine charge positivement additionnel. Des films d'ADN

  17. Extracción del ADN de Fusarium Oxysporum f.sp. Dianthi

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Se estudia la utílización de dos métodos para la extracción del ADN del Fusarium o.xy.sporum f.sp. Dianthi. En los dos métodos la pared del hongo se rompió con nitrógeno líquido, uno de ellos empleó como solución extractora bromuro de cetiltrimetil amonio (BCTA) y el otro una solución de sacarosa con altas concentraciones de protcasa y EDTA. Para la desproteinización ambos métodos utilizaron soluciones de fcnol-clorofonno y enzimas proteolítícas. El ADN obtenido se digirió con enzimas d...

  18. Extracción del adn de fusarium oxysporum f.sp. dianthi

    OpenAIRE

    Sixta T. Martínez; Soto, Carlos Y.

    2010-01-01

    Se estudia la utílización de dos métodos para la extracción del ADN del Fusarium o.xy.sporum f.sp. Dianthi. En los dos métodos la pared del hongo se rompió con nitrógeno líquido, uno de ellos empleó como solución extractora bromuro de cetiltrimetil amonio (BCTA) y el otro una solución de sacarosa con altas concentraciones de protcasa y EDTA. Para la desproteinización ambos métodos utilizaron soluciones de fcnol-clorofonno y enzimas proteolítícas. El ADN obtenido se digirió con enzimas d...

  19. 安捷伦推出光学鼠标传感器ADNS-3060

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    安捷伦(Agilent)日前宣布推出一款基于LED的光学鼠标传感器ADNS-3060,它进一步改善了跟踪控制功能。与其他光学鼠标传感器相比,新的传感器在性能上更有所增强,可以在包括木质桌面和网纹图像等各种不同的表面上工作。ADNS-3060的表面跟踪精确度增强了20倍。

  20. Enlaces de hidrógeno cooperativos en la interacción carbohidrato-ADN

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Química Orgánica. Fecha de lectura: 22-05-2014 El título que aparece en la obra impresa es: "Enlaces de hidrógeno cooperativos en medio acuoso: glico-oligoamidas ligandos del surco menor del ADN"

  1. ADN – The new oxidizer around the corner for an environmentally friendly smokeless propellant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Y. Nagamachi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The search for a smokeless propellant has encouraged scientists and engineers to look for a chlorine-free oxidizer as a substitute for AP (ammonium perchlorate. Endeavors seemed to come to an end when ADN (ammonium dinitramide appeared in the West in the early 1990s. Although some drawbacks soon became apparent by that time, the foremost obstacle for its use in rocket-motors came from the patent originally applied for in the United States in 1990. Furthermore, environmental concerns have also increased during these two decades. Ammonium perchlorate is believed to cause thyroid cancer by contaminating soil and water. In addition, AP produces hydrogen chloride during burning which can cause acid rain and ozone layer depletion. Unlike AP, ADN stands for both smokeless and green propellant. Since then, much progress has been made in its development in synthesis, re-shaping, microencapsulation and solid propellant. The high solubility of ADN in water has also allowed its application as liquid monopropellant. Tests have revealed Isp (specific impulse superior to that normally observed with hydrazine, one of the most harmful and hazardous liquid propellants. With constraints of use, along with the patent near to expiry, scientists and engineers are rushing to complete developments and patents until then.

  2. Extracción del ADN de Fusarium Oxysporum f.sp. Dianthi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sixta T. Martínez

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia la utílización de dos métodos para la extracción del ADN del Fusarium o.xy.sporum f.sp. Dianthi. En los dos métodos la pared del hongo se rompió con nitrógeno líquido, uno de ellos empleó como solución extractora bromuro de cetiltrimetil amonio (BCTA y el otro una solución de sacarosa con altas concentraciones de protcasa y EDTA. Para la desproteinización ambos métodos utilizaron soluciones de fcnol-clorofonno y enzimas proteolítícas. El ADN obtenido se digirió con enzimas de restricción EcoRI y Hindlll. Se corroboró que cl ADN estaba libre de los contaminantes más frecuentes en hongos, como proteínas y carbohidratos por medio de ultracentrifugación en cloruro de cesio (CsCI. La extracción con BCTA presentó los mejores rendimientos.

  3. Evaluation of a Successful High Risk Nursing Student Assistance Program: One ADN Program's Journey

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Ciaran Anthony Mary

    2013-01-01

    A college education is, for many in America, part and parcel of the American Dream, and is certainly achievable. For countless reasons, students may enroll at community colleges underprepared, unprepared, anxious, and destined for a high risk of failure. Although community colleges are higher education institutions open and accessible to all who…

  4. Evaluation of a Successful High Risk Nursing Student Assistance Program: One ADN Program's Journey

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Ciaran Anthony Mary

    2013-01-01

    A college education is, for many in America, part and parcel of the American Dream, and is certainly achievable. For countless reasons, students may enroll at community colleges underprepared, unprepared, anxious, and destined for a high risk of failure. Although community colleges are higher education institutions open and accessible to all who…

  5. Estructura cristalina de ADN y su utilización para la identificación de fármacos

    OpenAIRE

    Coll, Miquel; Aymamí, Joan

    2006-01-01

    Estructura cristalina de ADN y su utilización para la identificación de fármacos. La estructura cristalina que comprende un entrecruzamiento de tres cadenas de ADN está caracterizada porque: pertenece al grupo espacial P4(1)32 y tiene unas dimensiones de celda a=b=c=70,98 ± 0,7°A; todos los nucleótidos que constituyen dichas cadenas de ADN se encuentran emparejados; y dicho entrecruzamiento de tres cadenas de ADN alberga, en una cavidad hidrofóbica, una molécula. La...

  6. A Comparative Analysis of Demographic and Academic Characteristics and NCLEX-RN Passing among Urban and Rural Campus Students in a Midwest Associate Degree Nursing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nacos-Burds, Kathleen J.

    2010-01-01

    A retrospective study was initiated to determine: (1) the predictive relationship between demographic and academic variables and NCLEX-RN success; and (2) if there were significant differences between urban and rural nursing students that could account for an increased percentage of rural NCLEX-RN failures. A convenience sample was comprised of…

  7. Job Satisfaction Degree of Nurses in the Private Hospital in Shanghai%上海市综合性民营医院护士工作满意度分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴金京; 宫丽娟

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the job satisfaction degree and influence factors of nurses in the pri -vate hospital, and formulate corresponding management countermeasures to improve its work efficiency and service quality.Methods Cluster sampling was used to select 230 nurses in 7 private hospitals in Shanghai.These nurses were investigated with questionnaire , and variance and statistical methods was used to describe and analyze the da -ta.Results The overall satisfaction degree of nurses was just standard , among them, reward and welfare, person-al growth and development, work conditions of the three dimensions of satisfaction was relatively low , and reward and welfare dimensions of satisfaction was lowest ; three dimensions of satisfaction as work recognized , workload, and management were the higher , work recognized was the highest satisfaction .Conclusion According to the sur-vey results corresponding management measures can be taken to improve the nurses satisfaction and increase the co -hesion and attraction to reduce the leave of nursing staff .%目的:探讨民营医院护士的工作满意度和影响因素,制定相应的管理对策以提高其工作效率和服务质量。方法采用分层随机抽样方法选取上海市7所综合性民营医院230名护士进行问卷调查,利用方差分析和统计描述的方式对所得资料进行分析。结果护士总体满意度刚好达标,其中,报酬及福利、个人成长与发展、工作条件三个维度满意度较低,而报酬及福利维度满意度最低;工作被认可、工作负荷、管理三个维度的满意度较高,工作被认可的满意度最高。结论根据其调查结果采取针对性的管理措施,可提高民营医院护士满意度,增加专业凝聚力和吸引力,减少护理人员流失。

  8. The Effect of High Quality Nursing on the Quality of Nursing Care and Satisfaction Degree of Patients%优质护理对门诊分诊护理质量及患者满意度的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of high quality nursing on the quality of outpatient service and the satisfaction of patients. Methods214 patients were randomly divided into study group(quality care)and control group(routine nursing).ResultsThe scores of nursing quality and satisfaction of the study group were better than those of the control group (P<0.05). The incidence of complaints in the two groups had significant difference(P<0.05).Conclusion Quality nursing care can improve the quality of outpatient triage nursing quality and patient satisfaction.%目的:探讨优质护理对门诊分诊护理质量及患者满意度的影响。方法将214例患者随机分为研究组(优质护理)与对照组(常规护理)。结果研究组护理质量评分、满意度均优于对照组(P<0.05);两组投诉纠纷发生率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论优质护理能提升门诊分诊护理质量及患者满意度。

  9. GAP/ADN/nano-Al膏体推进剂的能量特性与激光点火特性%Energy characteristics and laser ignition characteristics of GAP/ADN/nano-Al pasty propellants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴庆; 郝海霞; 赵凤起; 徐司雨; 姚二岗; 汪营磊

    2015-01-01

    采用最小自由能原理方法计算了GAP(聚叠氮缩水甘油醚)/ADN(二硝酰胺铵)/nano-Al推进剂的能量特性,制备了一系列ADN质量分数为8%~38%的GAP/ADN/nano-Al膏体推进剂,采用CO2激光点火的方法研究了4种配方在不同激光功率密度作用下的激光点火特性.结果表明:GAP/ADN/nano-Al膏体推进剂的标准理论比冲(Isp)、特征速度(C*)、燃烧温度(Tc)均随ADN含量增加而依次增大,爆热(Qv)则主要随铝粉含量的增加而增大;GAP/ADN/nano-Al膏体推进剂的点火延迟时间和点火能量总体上随着激光功率密度增加呈现减小的趋势;配方中ADN含量较高时,GAP/ADN/nano-Al膏体推进剂具有较好的激光点火特性.

  10. The analysis of the foreign teaching materials of nursing pharmacology for the associate degree students%国外专科层次护理药理学教材的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈沁

    2008-01-01

    This article analyzed the characteristics of the foreign teaching materials of nursing pharmacology for the associate degree students, which included emphasizing the nurse's role and showing the clientcentered philosophy; defining the study objectives and testing the study results; stressing the practical uses of the study contents in the nursing work; highlighting the client health education; concerning the biopsychosociocultural factors affecting the drug administration. The quality of the domestic teaching materials could be improved by learning these characteristics.%本文通过对国外专科层次护理药理学教材的分析,得出国外版教材的特点,具体如下:强调护士的作用,体现以病人为中心的理念;明确学习目标,检测学习效果;注重学习内容在护理工作中的实用性;强调对患者健康教育的内容;关注生物、心理、社会文化、精神因素对用药的影响.通过借鉴国外教材的编写特点,可提高我国高职高专药理学教材的编写质量.

  11. The Effect of Nursing Intervention on the Success Rate and Degree of Satisfaction of Pediatric Venous Puncture%护理干预对小儿静脉穿刺成功率及满意度的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田俊华

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨护理干预对小儿静脉穿刺成功率及满意度的影响。方法将600例静脉输液的患儿分成两组,对照组患儿采取常规护理方式,观察组患儿采取优质护理,对比两组患儿的穿刺效果。结果观察组的穿刺成功率及家属满意度均高于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论优质护理干预能有效提升小儿静脉穿刺成功率及满意度。%Objective To investigate the effect of nursing intervention on the success rate and satisfaction degree of pediatric venous puncture. Methods 600 patients with intravenous infusion were divided into two groups, the control group was given routine nursing, the observation group was taken with high quality care, compared with the two groups of patients with puncture effect.ResultsThe success rate of the observation group and family satisfaction were significantly higher than the control group, the difference was statistically signiifcant (P<0.05).Conclusion The high quality nursing can effectively improve the success rate and satisfaction of pediatric venous puncture.

  12. A qualitative study of the clinical competence of nursing master of professional degree%护理学专业学位硕士研究生临床胜任力的质性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁艳秋; 薛美琴; 张玲娟

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨护理学专业学位硕士研究生临床胜任力,为专业型护理研究生的教育提供借鉴。方法采用目的抽样的方法,选取护理学专业学位硕士研究生、用人单位的护理管理者、学科专家、临床带教老师4类共19个样本纳入该研究,采用半结构式访谈,并对结果进行编码、描述、归类、分析。结果护理学专业学位硕士研究生的临床胜任力来自于职业素养、实践能力、科研能力、教育能力、专业发展能力5个方面。结论良好的职业素养是胜任临床工作的前提,扎实的实践能力是胜任临床工作的基础,较强的科研能力、教育能力是核心竞争力,多维度的专业发展能力是自我提升的关键,护理学专业学位硕士研究生须从以上5个方面增强自身的综合素质,从而能更好地胜任临床护理工作。%Objective To explore the clinical competence of nursing master of professional degree and give some suggestions for their postgraduate education. Methods A total of 19 samples of nursing masters of professional degree, nursing managers, nursing experts and clinical teachers were selected by using purpose sampling method, and semi- structured interview was adopted and the results were finally described and classified. Results The competence of the masters of professional degree came from the following five aspects: professional quality, practical ability, research ability, education ability and professional development ability. Conclusions A good professional quality is the premise of qualified for clinical work, flexible ability of practice is the basis of clinical work, solid scientific research background and the education ability is the core competitiveness, multi- dimensional professional development ability is the key to self-improvement, nursing professional degree graduate student should enhance their own comprehensive quality from the above five aspects, to be better

  13. 人际关系对大专护生实习效果影响的质性研究%Effect of interpersonal relationship on clinical practice outcome of associate degree nursing students: A qualitative study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐然; 沈军

    2014-01-01

    目的 构建适用于大专护生的人际关系内涵的诠释理论.方法 采用扎根理论研究法对10名大专生进行深度访谈,经过三级编码和反复比较,确定大专生临床实习中的人际关系内涵.结果 本研究形成的人际关系内涵,核心概念为“获得归属感”,主要受到带教老师、护士长、患者及家属、本科实习生、医生的影响.结论 根据该诠释理论,可构建和谐的临床实习人际关系,提高实习效果.%Objective To construct interpretation theory which is suitable to explain the connotation of interpersonal relationship among associate degree nursing students.Methods The data were collected through deep interviews.The content of interpersonal relationship was affirmed by three-level coding and comparing repeatedly.Results The core concept was "gaining a feeling of belonging" and it could be affected by 5 generic concepts including clinical teachers,head nurses,baccalaureate degree nursing students,patients and doctors.Conclusions Harmonious interpersonal relationship can be built according to the theory of interpretation and practice outcomes can be improved.

  14. American Nurses Association Nursing World

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ANA Staff Nurses Advanced Practice Nurses Nurse Managers Nursing Research Student Nurses Educators What is Nursing? NursingWorld About ... Online Course Alert! The Ins and Outs of Nursing Research 11/09/16 ANA Ready to Work with ...

  15. Effect of Perioperative Nursing Intervention Model on Comfort Degree and Satisfaction Degree of Patients With Otitis Media%围术期护理干预模式对中耳炎乳突根治术患者舒适度及满意度的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许欢

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析围术期护理干预模式对中耳炎乳突根治术患者舒适度及满意度的影响。方法研究选取的对象是2013年4月~2014年4月来我院行中耳炎乳突根治术患者90例,随机将其分为两组,比较两组护理效果及患者护理满意度。结果对照组总效率为88.89%,低于观察组97.78%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=16.3947,P <0.05);对照组护理满意度为91.11%,低于观察组100%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=17.2896,P <0.05)。结论围术期护理干预模式在中耳炎乳突根治术患者中,具有良好临床效果。%Objective To analyze the effect of perioperative nursing intervention model on comfort degree and satisfaction degree of patients with otitis media. Methods 90 cases of patients with otitis media in our hospital from April 2013 to April 2014 were divided into two groups randomly. The effect of nursing and nursing satisfaction was compared between the two groups. Results In the control group,the total effective rate was 88.89%,significantly lower than the observation group 97.78%,the difference was statistically significant(χ 2=16.394 7,P < 0.05). The control group of nursing satisfaction was 91.11%,significantly lower than the observation group 100%,the difference was statistically significant(χ 2=17.289 6,P < 0.05). Conclusion Perioperative nursing intervention model has good clinical effect in patients with otitis media,and has good clinical effect.

  16. A novel implantable vagus nerve stimulation system (ADNS-300) for combined stimulation and recording of the vagus nerve: Pilot trial at Ghent University Hospital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    El Tahry, R.; Raedt, R.; Mollet, L.; de Herdt, V.; Wyckuys, T.; Van Dycke, A.; Meurs, A.; Dewaele, F.; van Roost, D.; Doguet, P.; Delbeke, J.; Wadman, W.; Vonck, K.; Boon, P.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an established treatment for refractory epilepsy. The ADNS-300 is a new system for VNS that includes a rechargeable stimulus generator and an electrode for combined stimulation and recording. In this feasibility study, three patients were implanted with ADNS

  17. 基于光电传感器ADNS-2030无线鼠标的设计与实现%Design and implementation of wireless mouse based on ADNS-2030

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵升; 陈庆来; 解瑞杰

    2006-01-01

    研究基于光电传感器ADNS-2030的无线鼠标设计,讨论了ADNS-2030无线鼠标的软件、硬件设计和系统组成,通过实际制作表明:无线鼠标的设计方案是合理可行的,该产品具有性价比高,功耗低,高分辨率,有效距离远等优点,具有一定的应用前景和推广价值.

  18. LOS METALES COMO INHIBIDORES DEL SISTEMA DE REPARACIÓN DEL ADN

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Hernández-Franco; Mahara Valverde; Emilio Rojas

    2009-01-01

    Los humanos han estado en contacto con los metales desde su aparición en el planeta. De hecho no se puede pensar en la evolución humana sin pensar en el gran papel que han jugado los metales en el desarrollo humano. Algunos metales son esenciales para llevar a cabo procesos celulares, sin embargo, otros son capaces de promover una gran variedad de efectos deletéreos para la salud, incluyendo el cáncer. Las evidencias de que la inhibición de los mecanismos de reparación del ADN, es un importan...

  19. Extracción de adn plasmidico de cepas de rhizobium leguminosarum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Y, Cortés L.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available S.e realizó una comparación simultánea de cuatro métodos para la extracción de ADN plasmídico. De los resultados experimentales se concluyó que únicamente con la técnica de Kronstad, en las condiciones ensayadas y con cultivos de cepas de Rhizobium leguminosarum bv Viceae en fase de crecimiento logarítmica temprana, se visualizaron 3 plásmidos para la cepa SEMIA 335 y un plásmido para la cepa B.

  20. Extracción de adn plasmidico de cepas de rhizobium leguminosarum

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    S.e realizó una comparación simultánea de cuatro métodos para la extracción de ADN plasmídico. De los resultados experimentales se concluyó que únicamente con la técnica de Kronstad, en las condiciones ensayadas y con cultivos de cepas de Rhizobium leguminosarum bv Viceae en fase de crecimiento logarítmica temprana, se visualizaron 3 plásmidos para la cepa SEMIA 335 y un plásmido para la cepa B.

  1. Adulteriode la mujer, presunción de paternidad y la prueba oportuna del ADN

    OpenAIRE

    Boada Freire, Denys Paúl

    2015-01-01

    En la actualidad, nuestro entorno y el medio en el que nos desenvolvemos conocida también como una sociedad civilizada, ha sufrido cambio debido al alto grado de disolución de hogares a causa de la infidelidad conocido jurídicamente como adulterio. El presente trabajo de investigación, trata sobre el adulterio específicamente de la mujer, la presunta prueba de paternidad mediante la utilización de la prueba del ADN, se trata de un tema muy relevante en nuestra sociedad, ya que el adulterio...

  2. Avago发布USB光学鼠标传感器SOC ADNS-2700

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Avago Technologies近日宣布推出一款光学传感器片上系统(SoC),为鼠标和其他人机接口设备提供市场上最小的引脚数。这款高度集成的紧凑型ADNS-2700LED传感器无需使用外部微控制器,使用更少的无源元件,可提供简易设计并降低整体系统成本。

  3. DETERMINACIÓN DEL SEXO POR ADN EN CINCO ESPECIES DE GUACAMAYOS

    OpenAIRE

    Liza R., Jacqueline; Laboratorio de Microbiología y Parasitología Veterinaria, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima; Maturrano H., Lenin; Laboratorio de Microbiología y Parasitología Veterinaria, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima; Rosadio A., Raúl; Laboratorio de Microbiología y Parasitología Veterinaria, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima

    2012-01-01

    La determinación del sexo en aves de especies silvestres es de vital importancia para tomar medidas de conservación. En especies donde no existe dimorfismo sexual, es necesario contar con una prueba de sexaje alternativo a los métodos quirúrgicos. En este sentido, con la finalidad de estandarizar una prueba para la determinación del sexo en guacamayos, se desarrolló y evaluó una prueba molecular que consistió en el análisis de ADN mediante la Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa (PCR). Para el...

  4. Extracción de ADN y una prueba inical de primers en Pinus pseudostrobus Lindl. Para marcadores AFLP

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Se desarrollo un método de extracción de ADN simple, rápido y de alto rendimiento para Pinus pseudostrobus Lindl. del área semillera establecida en Jerahuaro, Michoacán para la producción de semilla de calidad. Se implementaron herramientas moleculares (AFLP) para identificar su relación genética inter-especie. Es muy importante contar con el protocolo de extracción y purificación de ADN estandarizado para la especie de interés, debido a que este proceso constituye una etapa clave en todos lo...

  5. Cristalización de ADN con fármacos y resolución de su estructura

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Chicano, Tadeo

    2009-01-01

    En este proyecto se han realizado estudios estructurales de oligonucleótidos de 10 pares de bases, todos ellos ricos en adenina (A) y timina (T). Estas secuencias de ADN son representativas de grandes zonas del genoma que no codifican proteínas y de las cuales no se conoce su función biológica. El objetivo ha sido formar complejos con diferentes fármacos que pudieran interaccionar con el ADN y resolver su estructura. Esto se ha hecho mediante la técnica de difracción de rayo...

  6. 球形二硝酰胺铵研究%Study on prilled ammonium dinitramide(ADN)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马跃; 张海林

    2002-01-01

    介绍了二硝酰胺铵(ADN)的液相凝聚成球方法,并对球形ADN的吸湿性、感度(撞击、摩擦)、粒度分布以及颗粒表面进行了测试和分析.结果表明,球形ADN吸湿性、感度优于非球形ADN.用这种方法制得的球形ADN粒径为5~800μm.

  7. Estudio del daño en el ADN inducido por compuestos polifenólicos de la dieta

    OpenAIRE

    Burgos Morón, Estefanía

    2015-01-01

    El cáncer es una enfermedad causada por la acumulación de daño en el ADN . Las células cancerosas presentan numerosas alteraciones genéticas, epigenéticas y cromosómicas, que juegan un papel fundamental en el desarrollo de la enfermedad . Estas alteraciones pueden producirse como consecuencia del propio funcionamiento celular. Por ejemplo, se sabe que las especies reactivas de oxígeno generadas durante la respiración celular y los errores cometidos por las enzimas ADN polimerasas durante la r...

  8. The nursing crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McVEAGH, T C

    1949-06-01

    Three concrete proposals are made for the improvement of the present nursing situation:1. Make nursing education more easily available by holding the prerequisites to a minimum and concentrating upon the real essentials of nursing, granting the student the R.N. degree when she has completed this basic and essential training.2. Utilize more fully the principles of group nursing as applied to "specialing" whether in the home or in the hospital.3. Completely avoid the use of sub-standard nurses, while furnishing to the nurse such non-technical service (through the use of maid assistants or others) as shall make practicable the complete utilization of her skill and training.

  9. Numeracy Competence Requirements for Admission to Undergraduate Degree Programmes: A Case Study of a Programme to Prepare Pre-Registration Nursing Student Candidates for a Numeracy Entrance Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dray, Beattie; Perkins, Andrew; Fritsch, Lynn Faller; Burke, Linda

    2010-01-01

    Some undergraduate programmes require evidence of baseline numeracy skills as a condition of entry. With a widened entry gate into higher education and a recognised "mathematics problem" in society, students wishing to enrol onto degree programmes that require evidence of numeracy often find it difficult to provide such evidence.…

  10. 护理干预对尼莫地平治疗老年高血压脑出血患者依从性及满意度的影响%Influence of Nursing InterVention on the Compliance and Nursing Satisfaction Degree for Elderly Patients with HypertensiVe Cerebral Hemorrhage Treated by Nimodipine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万丽萍

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨护理干预对尼莫地平治疗老年高血压脑出血患者依从性、护理满意度的影响.方法 将80例接受尼莫地平治疗的老年高血压脑出血患者随机分为对照组(常规护理)和观察组(护理干预),各40例,比较两组日常生活活动能力评定量表(Barthel指数)、功能独立性评定量表(FIM),以及患者对治疗的依从性和护理满意度.结果 与对照组相比,观察组Barthel评分(79. 6 ± 7. 2比64. 1 ± 8. 3)分和 FIM 评分(92. 3 ± 9. 1 比 81. 4 ± 8. 6)分均明显升高( P<0. 05);与对照组相比,观察组患者对治疗依从性(95. 00% 比75. 00%)明显提高( P<0. 05 );与对照组相比,观察组患者对护理服务的满意度(95. 00% 比77. 50%)明显提升( P<0. 05).结论 尼莫地平治疗老年高血压脑出血期间,有效的护理干预能明显提高患者对治疗的依从性,提升患者预后质量及护理满意度.%Objective To study the effect of nursing intervention on the compliance and nursing satisfaction degree for elderly patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage treated by nimodipine. Methods 80 elderly patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage treated by nimodipine in the hospital during the period were randomly divided into the control group ( routine nursing ) and the observation group ( nursing intervention ) , 40 cases in each group. The quality of life scores ( Barthel ) , the ability scores of daily living activity ( FIM ) , the patients' adherence to treatment and nursing satisfaction degree in the two groups were compared. Results Compared with the control group, the scores of Barthel(79. 6 ± 7. 2 vs 64. 1 ± 8. 3)and FIM(92. 3 ± 9. 1 vs 81. 4 ± 8. 6)were significantly increased in the observation group ( P < 0. 05 );compared with the control group, the patients' adherence to treatment (95. 00% vs 75. 00%)was obviously increased in the observation group ( P < 0. 05 );compared with the control group, the patients' satisfaction degree

  11. 护理干预对青光眼患者就医情绪及满意度的影响%Effects of Nursing Intervention on Satisfactory Degree and the Mood of Glaucoma Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜颖; 曹林

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察护理干预对青光眼患者就医情绪及满意度的影响。方法:将100例青光眼患者随机分为观察组、对照组各50例,2组均给予眼科常规护理,观察组在此基础上给予支持性心理护理、健康教育、放松训练、音乐治疗、暗示及催眠疗法等综合护理干预措施。分别于入院时及出院时进行问卷测评,住院期间每天测量眼压,并评估患者入院和出院时的焦虑、抑郁、遵医行为、患者满意度和眼压控制情况等。结果:SAS评分2组干预后降低,与干预前比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);干预后观察组改善较对照组明显,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。遵医行为良好率、眼压控制良好率、患者满意率观察组均高于对照组,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:护理干预能提高患者对疾病的认知,有利于疾病的治疗,对减少并发症、预防复发,提高护理质量,提高患者的生存质量有重要的临床意义。%Objective:To survey the influence of nursing intervention on satisfactory degree and the mood of glaucoma patients. Methods:One hundred patients were randomly allocated into the observation group and the con-trol group, both groups received routine ophthalmic nursing, the observation group were given with comprehensive nursing intervention measures including supporting psychological nursing, health education, relaxation training, mu-sical therapy, hint and hypnotherapy on the foundation of routine care. The patients were tested with questionnaires when they were admitted into the hospital and discharged, their eye pressure was measured during the hospitalization period, anxiety, depression, the behavior of following the doctor's advice, satisfactory degree of the patients and the control of eye pressure were assessed. Results:SAS scales were decreased after intervention, the difference demon-strated statistical

  12. Simultaneous heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification by the marine origin bacterium Pseudomonas sp. ADN-42.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Ruofei; Liu, Tianqi; Liu, Guangfei; Zhou, Jiti; Huang, Jianyu; Wang, Aijie

    2015-02-01

    Recent research has highlighted the existence of some bacteria that are capable of performing heterotrophic nitrification and have a phenomenal ability to denitrify their nitrification products under aerobic conditions. A high-salinity-tolerant strain ADN-42 was isolated from Hymeniacidon perleve and found to display high heterotrophic ammonium removal capability. This strain was identified as Pseudomonas sp. via 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Gene cloning and sequencing analysis indicated that the bacterial genome contains N2O reductase function (nosZ) gene. NH3-N removal rate of ADN-42 was very high. And the highest removal rate was 6.52 mg/L · h in the presence of 40 g/L NaCl. Under the condition of pure oxygen (DO >8 mg/L), NH3-N removal efficiency was 56.9 %. Moreover, 38.4 % of oxygen remained in the upper gas space during 72 h without greenhouse gas N2O production. Keeping continuous and low level of dissolved oxygen (DO <3 mg/L) was helpful for better denitrification performance. All these results indicated that the strain has heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification abilities, which guarantee future application in wastewater treatment.

  13. Modélisation des effets de la photoabsorption K sur l'ADN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrigneaud, J. M.; Terrissol, M.

    1999-01-01

    Monte Carlo codes were used to simulate the transport of photons and their secondary electrons produced on a linear and hydrated DNA model. Between 150 and 550eV, the variation of photon cross section upon the K-ionisation threshold in C, N, O atoms of DNA is responsible for an increase of the biological effectiveness. We showed that, with the same number of absorbed photons, the distribution of breaks as a function of energy reaches a maximum around 450eV. Nous avons simulé le transport des photons et de leurs électrons secondaires mis en mouvement dans un modèle d'ADN linéaire hydraté, en utilisant la méthode de Monte Carlo. Entre 150 et 550 eV, la variation de section efficace photonique au- dessus du seuil d'ionisation K des atomes C, N, O de l'ADN est responsable d'un accroissement de l'efficacité biologique. Nous avons montré que, pour un même nombre de photons absorbés, la distribution des cassures en fonction de l'énergie passe par un maximum autour de 450 eV.

  14. Uso de la técnica SSCP para detectar mutaciones puntuales del ADN mitocondrial humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Estrada-Cuzcano

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se evalúa la técnica de SSCP (polimorfismo de conformación de cadena individual de ADN para detectar mutaciones puntuales, tanto por su sensibilidad en la detección (alrededor 80% en condiciones ideales, como por su implementación fácil y económica. Se utilizaron como controles positivos y negativos, ADN de voluntarios caracterizados previamente para las mutaciones puntuales de 5 RFLPs mitocondriales. Para la optimización de la prueba fueron ensayadas concentraciones variables del tampón TBE (1X y 0,5X y del glicerol (10%, 5% y 0 en geles de poliacrilamida. Cuatro de los 5 RFLPs fueron detectados en las condiciones utilizadas y pueden ser usados en estudios de rutina sin usar enzimas de restricción. Además, la técnica SSCP permitió determinar mutaciones desconocidas en un segmento de 394 nucleótidos de la región hipervariable (HVI del ADNmt. Diferencias en correspondencia a los distintos haplotipos fueron detectados e incluso permitió discernir grupos dentro del mismo subtipo. La secuenciación de dos muestras del subtipo B1 con migración diferencial en SSCP, corroboró la existencia de siete nucleótidos distintos

  15. Descifrando los mensajes del pasado : análisis del ADN antiguo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción de la Rúa

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de ADN (ADNa nos permite estudiar directamente la composición genética de las poblaciones del pasado. Sin embargo, pronto se hicieron patentes las limitaciones metodológicas derivadas del mal estado de preservación del ADNa, así como del enorme riesgo de contaminación con ADN humano momderno. Ello, condujo a la elaboración de una serie de Criterios de Autentificación que deben cumplir todos los trabajos del campo de ADNa para su publicación. Actualmente, los trabajos publicados no son numerosos, ni espectaculares, pero los resultados son reproducibles y su autenticidad esta demostrada. Nuestro equipo viene trabajando desde hace más de 10 años en este campo. Hemos analizado 5 yacimientos prehistóricos (SJaPL, Longar, Pico Ramos, Urratxa y Aizpea y uno histórico (Aldaieta del País Vasco. Los resultados obtenidos hasta el momento, nos están permitiendo indagar en los procesos evolutivos sufridos por la población vasca, constrastar las hipótesis que han sido planteadas con otras evidencias, y concretamente en el yacimiento de Aldaieta, indagar en cuestiones biosociales, como el parentesco, y en el origen de este grupo humano.

  16. Based on the core capacity constructing nursing professional master degree curriculum%基于核心能力培养的护理学专业学位硕士研究生课程的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静平; 张六一

    2015-01-01

    目的:基于核心能力培养探讨护理学专业学位硕士研究生课程的构建。方法:以核心能力本位理论为指导,使用德尔菲法对28位护理学专家进行2轮函询。结果:两轮函询后专家意见趋于一致,专家权威系数为0.85,两轮意见的Kendall's W分别为0.553和0.617。最终围绕7种核心能力构建了29门课程以及2门专科相关方向课程。结论:护理学专业学位硕士研究生课程设置应基于护士职业发展、围绕核心能力构建。%Objective:To explore the nursing professional master degree curriculum construction based on the core capacity. Methods:Guided by competency based education and results of literature review and expert interview, we designed a draft questionnaire. Twenty-eight experts were investigated by the two-round Delphi method by mails. Results:After two-round consultation, the experts constructed seven core capacity and 29 related courses. The expert authority coefifcient and Kendall's W coefifcient were 0.553 and 0.617, respectively. Conclusion:Professional degree graduate nursing curriculum should be constructed based on core capacity and career development.

  17. OPTIMIZACIÓN DE UN PROTOCOLO DEL AISLAMIENTO DEL ADN Y DE UN SISTEMA DE AMPLIFICACIÓN ISSR-PCR PARA Ceratozamia mexicana Brongn. (Zamiaceae.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Guadalupe Sánchez-Coello

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La mayoría de las cícadas contienen altas concentraciones de aceites esenciales, flavonoides, polifenoles y polisacáridos que interfieren en la extracción de ADN, causando productos de amplificación errados o inhibiendo la PCR. La optimización del aislamiento del ADN y el empleo de iniciadores de secuencias intergénicas repetidas simples (ISSRs se investigaron en Ceratozamia mexicana Brongn., una cícada mexicana en peligro de extinción. El ADN obtenido de tejido foliar fresco, con un amortiguador modificado de cetil trimetil amonio, nos permitió obtener un ADN de buena calidad, sin pigmentos coloridos o contaminantes. La modificación al protocolo de extracción de ADN, basado en CTAB, fue un prelavado por 1 h, del tejido foliar, con una solución de 0.7 M de NaCl, para facilitar la lisis celular. El ADN extraído exitosamente se amplificó por PCR, usando seis iniciadores arbitrarios ISSR. Se observaron productos de amplificación reproducibles en todas las reacciones de PCR. Nuestros resultados muestran que la implementación mejora significativamente la calidad del ADN obtenido, usando una concentración baja de iniciadores (25 pM. Se detectaron 23 bandas fuertes, nueve de las cuales fueron polimórficas. Los resultados indican que el protocolo de optimización del aislamiento del ADN y en el sistema de PCR es viable para futuros trabajos en esta especie. Este trabajo es el primer protocolo de extracción de ADN y de ISSR reportado para esta especie ornamental en peligro de extinción.

  18. Using an admissions exam to predict student success in an ADN program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, P A; Bomba, C; Crane, L R

    2001-01-01

    Nursing faculty strive to admit students who are likely to successfully complete the nursing curriculum and pass NCLEX-RN. The high cost of academic preparation and the nursing shortage make this selection process even more critical. The authors discuss how one community college nursing program examined academic achievement measures to determine how well they predicted student success. Results provided faculty with useful data to improve the success and retention of nursing.

  19. Estudio de la fragmentación en el ADN espermático en pacientes sometidos a técnicas de reproducción asistida

    OpenAIRE

    Esbert Algam, Margarida

    2015-01-01

    La integridad del ADN del espermatozoide es de vital importancia, dado que puede comprometer la viabilidad del embrión. Para cuantificar la fragmentación en el ADN espermático se han desarrollado distintas técnicas, que han servido para relacionar dicha fragmentación con la esterilidad de origen masculino. Teniendo en cuenta que algunos de los individuos estériles van a someterse a técnicas de reproducción asistida, se ha valorado si la fragmentación en el ADN espermático i) disminuye tras pr...

  20. OPTIMIZACIÓN DE UN PROTOCOLO DEL AISLAMIENTO DEL ADN Y DE UN SISTEMA DE AMPLIFICACIÓN ISSR-PCR PARA Ceratozamia mexicana Brongn. (Zamiaceae).

    OpenAIRE

    Nadia Guadalupe Sánchez-Coello; Mauricio Luna-Rodríguez; Mario Vázquez-Torres; Lázaro Rafael Sánchez-Velásquez; Nancy Santana-Buzzy; Pablo Octavio-Aguilar; Lourdes Georgina Iglesias-Andreu

    2012-01-01

    La mayoría de las cícadas contienen altas concentraciones de aceites esenciales, flavonoides, polifenoles y polisacáridos que interfieren en la extracción de ADN, causando productos de amplificación errados o inhibiendo la PCR. La optimización del aislamiento del ADN y el empleo de iniciadores de secuencias intergénicas repetidas simples (ISSRs) se investigaron en Ceratozamia mexicana Brongn., una cícada mexicana en peligro de extinción. El ADN obtenido de tejido foliar fresco, con un amortig...

  1. Ensayos cristalográficos de complejos de ADN con proteínas HMG-box y fármacos

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez Jimenez, Fabiola Alejandra

    2016-01-01

    Las HMGB son proteínas nucleares que presentan el motivo “HMG-box”, con el que se unen al surco estrecho del ADN. Producen cambios estructurales en el mismo y están implicadas en diferentes enfermedades por lo que el estudio estructural de dichas proteínas unidas a ADN es de importancia en el desarrollo de estrategias terapéuticas. Por otra parte, los compuestos derivados de difenilo bisimidazolinio también se unen al surco estrecho del ADN, específicamente en zonas ricas en AT...

  2. ADN-1184 a monoaminergic ligand with 5-HT(6/7) receptor antagonist activity: pharmacological profile and potential therapeutic utility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kołaczkowski, M; Mierzejewski, P; Bieńkowski, P; Wesołowska, A; Newman-Tancredi, A

    2014-02-01

    Many dementia patients exhibit behavioural and psychological symptoms (BPSD) that include psychosis, aggressivity, depression and anxiety. Antipsychotic drugs are frequently prescribed but fail to significantly attenuate mood deficits, may interfere with cognitive function and are associated with motor and cardiac side effects, which are problematic in elderly patients. A need therefore exists for drugs that are better suited for the treatment of BPSD. We used in vitro cellular and in vivo behavioural tests to characterize ADN-1184, a novel arylsulfonamide ligand with potential utility for treatment of BPSD. ADN-1184 exhibits substantial 5-HT6 /5-HT7 /5-HT2A /D2 receptor affinity and antagonist properties in vitro. In tests of antipsychotic-like activity, it reversed MK-801-induced hyperactivity and stereotypies and inhibited conditioned avoidance response (MED = 3 mg·kg(-1) i.p.). Remarkably, ADN-1184 also reduced immobility time in the forced swim test at low doses (0.3 and 1 mg·kg(-1) i.p.; higher doses were not significantly active). Notably, up to 30 mg·kg(-1) ADN-1184 did not impair memory performance in the passive avoidance test or elicit significant catalepsy and only modestly inhibited spontaneous locomotor activity (MED = 30 mg·kg(-1) i.p.). ADN-1184 combines antipsychotic-like with antidepressant-like properties without interfering with memory function or locomotion. This profile is better than that of commonly used atypical antipsychotics tested under the same conditions and suggests that it is feasible to identify drugs that improve BPSD, without exacerbating cognitive deficit or movement impairment, which are of particular concern in patients with dementia. © 2013 The British Pharmacological Society.

  3. ADN-1184 a monoaminergic ligand with 5-HT6/7 receptor antagonist activity: pharmacological profile and potential therapeutic utility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kołaczkowski, M; Mierzejewski, P; Bieńkowski, P; Wesołowska, A; Newman-Tancredi, A

    2014-01-01

    Background and Purpose Many dementia patients exhibit behavioural and psychological symptoms (BPSD) that include psychosis, aggressivity, depression and anxiety. Antipsychotic drugs are frequently prescribed but fail to significantly attenuate mood deficits, may interfere with cognitive function and are associated with motor and cardiac side effects, which are problematic in elderly patients. A need therefore exists for drugs that are better suited for the treatment of BPSD. Experimental Approach We used in vitro cellular and in vivo behavioural tests to characterize ADN-1184, a novel arylsulfonamide ligand with potential utility for treatment of BPSD. Key Results ADN-1184 exhibits substantial 5-HT6/5-HT7/5-HT2A/D2 receptor affinity and antagonist properties in vitro. In tests of antipsychotic-like activity, it reversed MK-801-induced hyperactivity and stereotypies and inhibited conditioned avoidance response (MED = 3 mg·kg−1 i.p.). Remarkably, ADN-1184 also reduced immobility time in the forced swim test at low doses (0.3 and 1 mg·kg−1 i.p.; higher doses were not significantly active). Notably, up to 30 mg·kg−1 ADN-1184 did not impair memory performance in the passive avoidance test or elicit significant catalepsy and only modestly inhibited spontaneous locomotor activity (MED = 30 mg·kg−1 i.p.). Conclusions and Implications ADN-1184 combines antipsychotic-like with antidepressant-like properties without interfering with memory function or locomotion. This profile is better than that of commonly used atypical antipsychotics tested under the same conditions and suggests that it is feasible to identify drugs that improve BPSD, without exacerbating cognitive deficit or movement impairment, which are of particular concern in patients with dementia. PMID:24199650

  4. 天津市护理学专业硕士研究生择业效能感研究%Occupational choice self-efficacy of nursing master degree students in Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩剑童; 王燕; 李燕; 雷慧

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨天津市不同院校、年龄、年级的护理学专业硕士研究生择业效能感的差异,为高校护理研究生的就业指导提供依据.方法运用择业效能感问卷,对94名护理学专业硕士研究生进行调查.结果本组学生择业效能感的各条目平均得分为( 3.29±0.44)分.中医与西医院校学生的择业效能感在自我评价、目标设定维度上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),不同年龄学生在职业信息收集维度的得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),不同年级学生在社会支持、职业信息收集、目标设定维度上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论天津市不同院校、年龄、年级护理学专业硕士研究生择业效能感的维度发展趋势不同.高校应针对不同院校、年龄、年级的护理硕士生加强职业教育规划.%Objective To investigate the differences of occupational choice self-efficacy(OCSE) among nursing master degree students in different colleges,grades and age,in order to provide a reference for employment guidance. Methods Ninety-four nursing master degree students were investigated with Occupational Choice Self-Efficacy Questionnaire. Results The average score of occupational choice self-efficacy was 3.29+0.44. There were significant differences in the dimension scores of self-evaluation and goal-setting among students in a TCM university and a western medicine university(P<0.05). Moreover,the dimension score of information collection varied with age (P<0.01),and the dimension scores of social support,information collection and goal-setting varied with grades (P<0.05). Conclusion The occupational choice self-efficacy varies with students' colleges,age and grades. Nursing schools should strengthen targeted career education for nursing master degree students in different colleges,age and grades.

  5. Investigation and analysis of job burnout level of nurses with different education degrees%不同学历护士职业倦怠水平的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 李秀红; 薛雅卓

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the job burnout conditions of nurses with different education levels in Ningyang county,analyze the influence of education level on job burnout,in order to find strategies to relieve the job burnout,reduce burnout,increase working enthusiasm,then further lower nurse turnover rate and stabilize of the nurse team.Methods A total of 150 nurses in the first hospital of Ningyang county participated in the investigation using Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) in December 2012.The survey data underwent statistical analysis.Results The results show that in the dimension of emotional exhaustion,education level showed main effect.While in the dimension of depersonalization and personal accomplishment,the education level showed no main effect.Conclusions Education levels have a significant impact on job burnout of nurses,mainly in the emotional exhaustion dimension.Hospital managers should pay attention to job burnout of nurses with college degree,reduce their occupational burnout through positive changes in personal and organizational factors.%目的 了解宁阳县不同学历水平护士的职业倦怠状况,分析受教育程度不同对职业倦怠的影响,以寻找对策帮助临床护理人员减轻职业倦怠,提高工作的积极性,继而降低护士离职率,稳定护理队伍.方法 采用马氏职业倦怠量表(Maslach Burnout Inventory,MBI)于2012年12月对宁阳县第一人民医院护士共150名进行职业倦怠问卷调查分析.对调查结果进行统计学分析.结果 研究结果表明,对于情绪衰竭维度,学历水平主效应明显;而对于去人格化维度和个人成就感维度,学历水平主效应不明显.结论 不同学历水平对护士职业倦怠有显著影响,主要体现在情绪衰竭维度这一方面,医院管理者应该提高对大专学历护士职业倦怠状况的重视,积极改变个人因素和组织因素来降低她们的职业倦怠状况.

  6. The image of nursing, as perceived by Iranian male nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valizadeh, Leila; Zamanzadeh, Vahid; Fooladi, Marjaneh M; Azadi, Arman; Negarandeh, Reza; Monadi, Morteza

    2014-09-01

    The stereotypical public image of nursing is a major concern for male nurses around the world. In this study, we explored how Iranian male nurses perceived the public view of nurses, and their perceptions of themselves. A qualitative descriptive design and content analysis were used to obtain data from 18 purposely-selected male hospital nurses with a baccalaureate nursing degree in Tabriz, Iran. Semistructured interviews were conducted and analyzed. Two main themes emerged: (i) the outsider's view of nursing, which referred to the participants' perceptions of their public image; and (ii) the insider's view, which related to the male nurses' perceptions of themselves. Results included personal transition into a positive professional self-image through the educational process, and continued public perception of nursing as a female profession ill-suited for a man. Strategies to improve the insider's and outsider's views of nursing are listed to help recruit and retain more Iranian male nurses.

  7. Nueva estructura para la enseñanza-aprendizaje de la materia de enfermería clínica en los estudios de Grado de Enfermería A new structure for the teaching-learning of the subject of clinical nursing in Nursing Degree studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Falcó-Pegueroles

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En el Grado de Enfermería, los cambios requeridos para la adaptación al Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior se han orientado a la introducción de novedades metodológicas que han propiciado la génesis de nuevos enfoques para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje, con el objetivo último de disminuir los desajustes que en algunas ocasiones se han detectado entre la teoría y la práctica. En esta línea, partiendo de las necesidades actuales de la formación en relación a la materia de enfermería clínica del grado y de las competencias profesionales, se inició un proceso de reflexión y análisis que originó una nueva estructura organizativa de la materia. Este nuevo enfoque nace con el objetivo fundamental de mejorar la docencia de la enfermería clínica, actualizando la forma de enseñar la enfermería y los cuidados enfermeros. Lejos del modelo biomédico centrado en la enfermedad que ha imperado hasta ahora, el nuevo enfoque parte de una visión profundamente enfermera y, en consecuencia, hace explícitos los cuidados de la persona con un trastorno real o potencial de la salud. Los resultados de la implementación de esta nueva estructura en la asignatura 'Enfermería clínica I' de segundo curso de grado ponen de manifiesto que hay una mejora en la precisión diagnóstica y en la etapa de planificación del proceso enfermero, así como en la identificación de la responsabilidad profesional en los ejes autónomo e interdisciplinar.In Nursing Degree there have been many changes for adapting to the European Higher Education Area aimed to changing methodologies, but have also given rise to new approaches to teaching and learning. Their ultimate goal is to reduce the maladjustments have sometimes been found between theory and practice. Based on the education needs in the field of clinical nursing and also in professional competences, began a process of reflection and analysis resulted in a new organizational structure of matter. This new

  8. A comparative study of the perceptions of professional degree nursing graduate students' competence cultivation and curriculum provision among different groups%不同人群对护理硕士专业学位能力培养和课程设置认知的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚雅青; 王爱敏; 李茜茜; 刘钰

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解护理专家及硕士研究生主要生源对专业学位研究生能力培养、课程设置和教学方法的认知及差异.方法:采用问卷调查结合访谈法,对40位副高级及其以上职称的从事和熟悉护理工作的专家、147名具有本科学历的临床护士以及177名应届护理本科毕业生进行调查.结果:专家和生源对评估观察能力、护理操作能力、健康宣教能力的认知比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);本科护士对科研能力的需求高于应届毕业生(P=0.006);生源对基础课程和专业课程的学习重视不足(P<0.001);应届毕业生对跨学科交叉课程有较高需求(维度排序第2位);专家和生源对PBL教学法、小组讨论和课堂讲授的认知存在差异(P<0.01).结论:教育管理者应重视生源的心理需求和思想误区,满足甚至强化其正向需求,纠正、消除其思想误区.%Objective: To investigate and to compare the attitude of professional degree nursing graduate students' competence cultivation and curriculum provision among nursing experts, nurses with bachelor degree and undergraduate nursing students. Methods: A self-designed questionnaire and interview were used. We recruited 40 experts who were at least associate professorship and familiar with nursing work, 147 nurses with bachelor degree and 177 undergraduate nursing students who would graduate this year. Results: The experts, nurses and students had different perceptions on profession degree nursing graduate students' accessing and observing ability, nursing operation ability, and health education ability (P<0.01). Nurses had higher requirements of research ability than those of bachelor students (P=0.006). There was insufficient emphasis on learning fundamental courses and professional courses among nurses and students. Nursing students had higher requirements on interdisciplinary courses, (in second place). The experts, nurses and students had different

  9. Variantes de la concatenación en computación con ADN

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez-Patón Aradas, Alfonso

    1999-01-01

    Las principales aportaciones de esta Tesis Doctoral a la computación con ADN y en general, a las ciencias de la computación, se pueden clasificar en dos áreas básicas: una práctica o algorítmica y otra teórica o de modelización de operaciones sobre palabras y lenguajes. Más en detalle, las aportaciones prácticas y teóricas se pueden describir como sigue. Aportaciones prácticas. Se han diseñado bio-algoritmos evolutivos para el Problema del Camino de Hamilton dirigido y se han ideado nuevos es...

  10. El ADN de la Mezquita de Córdoba. Genotipo, fenotipo y clonación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leyre Mauleón Pérez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se intenta estudiar si el nacimiento de la restauración como concepto modifica o no la manera de intervenir en edificios del pasado. Como ejemplo ilustrativo se trata el caso de la Mezquita de Córdoba. Se propone clasificar las intervenciones realizadas en ella en función de cómo han alterado su identidad. Para ello se plantea un paralelismo entre la identidad del edificio y la de los seres vivos, pues ambas constan de rasgos latentes y rasgos patentes. La identidad de los organismos está presente de manera latente en lo que los científicos llaman el genotipo y de manera patente en lo que llaman fenotipo. El concepto de ADN se liga al genotipo y su repetición sin alteraciones conduce a la clonación.

  11. The ADN project : an integrated seismic monitoring of the northern Ecuadorian subduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nocquet, Jean-Mathieu; Yepes, Hugo; Vallee, Martin; Mothes, Patricia; Regnier, Marc; Segovia, Monica; Font, Yvonne; Vaca, Sandro; Bethoux, Nicole; Ramos, Cristina

    2010-05-01

    The subduction of the Nazca plate beneath South America has caused one of the largest megathrust earthquake sequence during the XXth century with three M>7.7 earthquakes that followed the great 1906 (Mw = 8.8) event. Better understanding the processes leading to the occurrence of large subduction earthquakes requires to monitor the ground motion over a large range of frequencies. We present a new network (ADN) developed under a collaboration between the IRD-GeoAzur (Nice, France) and the IG-EPN (Quito, Ecuador). Each station of the ADN network includes a GPS recording at 5 Hz, an accelerometer and a broadband seismometer. CGPS data will quantify the secular deformation induced by elastic locking along the subduction interface, enabling a detailed modelling of the coupling distribution. CGPS will be used to monitor any transient deformation induced by Episodic Slip Event along the subduction, together with broadband seismometers that can detect any tremors or seismic signatures that may accompany them. In case of any significant earthquake, 5 Hz GPS and accelerometer will provide near field data for earthquake source detailed study. Finally, the broadband seismometers will be used for study of the microseismicity and structure of the subduction zone. The network includes 9 stations, operating since 2008 and covering the coastal area from latitude 1.5°S to the Colombian border. In this poster, we will present preliminary assessment of the data, first hypocenters location, magnitude and focal mechanism determination, as well as results about an episodic slip event detected in winter 2008.

  12. Estudio del ADN mitocondrial de una muestra de la ciudad de La Plata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Marignac, Verónica Lucrecia

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Recientemente el estudio del ADN mitocondrial de individuos de diferentes poblaciones humanas ha permitido determinar linajes mitocondriales específicos de diferentes áreas geográficas. El ADN mitocondrial por su herencia exclusivamente materna se ha constituido así en una herramienta importante para la deducción del origen geográfico del linaje materno de una persona. En el presente trabajo, con el objeto de determinar el origen geográfico de los linajes maternos de una muestra de 107 individuos no emparentados pertenecientes a los sectores universitario y obrero del partido de La Plata, se estudia un conjunto de 17 polimorfismos que diferencian 17 linajes mitocondriales de distribución geográfica definida. A través de ellos se resolvió el origen geográfico de los linajes maternos presentes en el 96% de la muestra. Los resultados demostraron que los individuos presentan un linaje materno de origen europeo en una frecuencia del 0,47, de origen americano en una del 0,44 y en una frecuencia del 0,02 se presentan linajes mitocondriales africanos. Los dos ámbitos muestreados se diferencian en la distribución de frecuencias para los linajes americanos, los cuales presentan en la muestra de obreros una frecuencia del 0,72 mientras que poseen una del 0,32 en los individuos provenientes del sector universitario. Esto estaría explicado porque grupos de matriz principalmente hispano-indígena constituyen la gran parte de la clase obrera de las grandes ciudades.

  13. Doctoral education for WOC nurses considering advanced practice nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieper, Barbara; Colwell, Janice

    2012-01-01

    Advanced practice nursing education is at a crossroads. Societal changes, increased health care demands, and leadership nursing organizations have identified the need of a doctor of nursing practice (DNP) degree as the advanced practice degree. WOC nurses need to examine DNP programs when considering returning for an advanced practice degree. This article explores nursing education at the doctorate level and areas the WOC nurse should consider when making a decision about attending a program. The WOC nurse needs to understand the similarities and differences of the doctor of philosophy and the DNP, issues about each program and its completion, personal factors, and the application process. Although selecting a doctoral program is a daunting experience, the education will provide opportunities for the WOC nurse to excel as a scholar, thus influencing the profession and the practice.

  14. Nursing: Registered Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a diploma from an approved nursing program. Registered nurses also must be licensed. Education In all nursing education programs, students take courses in anatomy, physiology, microbiology, chemistry, nutrition, psychology, and other social and ...

  15. Estandarizacion de una tecnica de extraccion de ADN en sementales porcinos para evaluar la frecuencia de los genes ESR Y PRLR CON PCR-RFLP

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ramos, Eva Dolores; Rojas Martinez, Reyna Isabel; Herrera Haro, Jose G; Garcia Contreras, Adelfa del Carmen; Lemus Flores, Clemente; Hernandez Garay, Alfonso

    2008-01-01

    El presente estudio consistio en estandarizar una tecnica de extraccion y purificacion de ADN a partir de pelo por ser una muestra no-invasiva, dado que la obtencion de muestras constituye una de las...

  16. 医院感染认知度在口腔科护理人员中的调查分析%Investigation and analysis on the nursing staff's cognition degree of nosocomial infection in stomatology department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nursing staff's cognition degree of the nosocomial infection and to propose management countermeasures.Methods A self-designed Nosocomial Infection knowledge Questionnaire'was used to investigate the existing problems in management of nosocomial infection.12 stomatology departments of hospitals and dental clinics were monitored in Huangshi city by using cluster sampling.Results A total of investigation items were 12,among them there were 4 items of good,1 item general and 7 items bad.Conclusions The knowledge training of nosocomial infections for nursing staff need to be strengthened and the management of nosocomial infections should be reinforced.%目的 了解口腔科护理人员对医院感染的知识掌握情况,并提出相应的管理对策.方法 采用整群抽样,以黄石市12家医院口腔科和口腔诊所为监测点,采用自行设计的调查问卷了解口腔科护理人员医院感染管理存在的问题.结果 调查项目共12项,掌握好的项目共4项(33.3%),掌握一般的项目1项(8.3%),掌握差的项目7项(58.3%).结论 需要进一步加强对护理人员医院感染知识的培训,并加强医院感染管理.

  17. The practice performance and clinical learning environment among associated degree nursing students%高职护理专业学生实习成绩与临床学习环境的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄金银; 程云

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the practice performance among associated degree nursing students and their perceptions of clinical learning environment. Methods The associated degree nursing students from 36 hospitals in Zhejiang province were recruited and investigated by using Clinical Learning Environment Inventory. Their practice performance was recorded based on the practice records. Results The total score of clinical learning environment was (173.07±16.02),and the factor scores were ranked as task location (26.68 ±3.98),interpersonal relation (26.01±4.60), student participation (25.64 ±4.44),work atmosphere and team culture (25.54±4.42) ,innovation (25.41±4.60),and individuation (24.50±5.36).The students' practice performance covered from 60.00 to 99.25 points. The scores showed skewness distribution,and the coefficient of skewness was -2.22. The students' practice performance was significantly higher in upper first-class hospitals than that in middle first-class or upper second-class hospitals. No relationship was found between the practice performance and their perceptions of clinical learning environment. Conclusion The score of practice performance among associated degree nursing students is relatively high,which is not correlated with their perceptions of clinical learning environment. It is suggested to apply formative assessment and third party evaluation system,pay close attention to the training of students' individuation and innovation,and strengthen particular management and thereby to improve the effectiveness of clinical practice.%目的 了解高职护理专业学生实习成绩情况,以及其对临床学习环境的评价.方法 采用便利抽样方法,选择在浙江省36家二级甲等以上教学医院实习的高职护理学生为调查对象,应用临床学习环境(氛围)评价量表、学生成绩登记表对其进行调查.结果 学生对临床学习环境评价总分为(173.07±16.02)分,各维度评分

  18. Experimental investigation of the catalytic decomposition and combustion characteristics of a non-toxic ammonium dinitramide (ADN)-based monopropellant thruster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jun; Li, Guoxiu; Zhang, Tao; Wang, Meng; Yu, Yusong

    2016-12-01

    Low toxicity ammonium dinitramide (ADN)-based aerospace propulsion systems currently show promise with regard to applications such as controlling satellite attitude. In the present work, the decomposition and combustion processes of an ADN-based monopropellant thruster were systematically studied, using a thermally stable catalyst to promote the decomposition reaction. The performance of the ADN propulsion system was investigated using a ground test system under vacuum, and the physical properties of the ADN-based propellant were also examined. Using this system, the effects of the preheating temperature and feed pressure on the combustion characteristics and thruster performance during steady state operation were observed. The results indicate that the propellant and catalyst employed during this work, as well as the design and manufacture of the thruster, met performance requirements. Moreover, the 1 N ADN thruster generated a specific impulse of 223 s, demonstrating the efficacy of the new catalyst. The thruster operational parameters (specifically, the preheating temperature and feed pressure) were found to have a significant effect on the decomposition and combustion processes within the thruster, and the performance of the thruster was demonstrated to improve at higher feed pressures and elevated preheating temperatures. A lower temperature of 140 °C was determined to activate the catalytic decomposition and combustion processes more effectively compared with the results obtained using other conditions. The data obtained in this study should be beneficial to future systematic and in-depth investigations of the combustion mechanism and characteristics within an ADN thruster.

  19. Relation of Na+, K(+)-ATPase to delayed motor nerve conduction velocity: effect of aldose reductase inhibitor, ADN-138, on Na+, K(+)-ATPase activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, Y; Okada, K

    1990-06-01

    The role of sorbitol, myo-inositol, and Na+, K(+)-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity on motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats was studied. Reduction of MNCV and Na+, K(+)-ATPase in caudal nerves appeared after 3 weeks of diabetes, and at this time treatment with aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI), ADN-138 and 1% myo-inositol supplement was begun. One percent myo-inositol supplement for 3 weeks resulted in a significant increase in myo-inositol levels in diabetic nerves, but left MNCV and sorbitol levels unchanged. In contrast, treatment with ADN-138 for 3 weeks reduced sorbitol levels in diabetic nerves and resulted in significant increases in MNCV and Na+, K(+)-ATPase in the nerves. Since ADN-138 did not restore myo-inositol levels, the increase in Na+, K(+)-ATPase levels by ADN-138 treatment was independent of myo-inositol levels. Also, nerve Na+ levels in ADN-138-treated rats were reduced and the ratio of K+ to Na+ was raised, while 1% myo-inositol supplement did not affect them. These results suggest that treatment with ADN-138 elevates MNCV through a series of processes: ARI----reduction of sorbitol level----increase in Na+, K(+)-ATPase activity----correction of K+, Na+ imbalance----increase in MNCV.

  20. La regulación de los datos genéticos y las bases de datos de ADN

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrero Moreno, Álvaro Alfonso

    2011-01-01

    Hoy en día la utilización del ADN es un medio esencial para realizar investigación en el ámbito de la administración de justicia y es una prueba usada y aceptada universalmente tanto en la esfera de investigación biológica de la paternidad o maternidad (procesos civiles) y en materia penal; igualmente el uso del ADN es de gran utilidad para la investigación de cadáveres y personas desaparecidas. Se tratarán algunos de los problemas que se han generado en relación con los avances en materia ge...

  1. PROTOCOLO PARA LA EXTRACCIÓN DE ADN METAGENÓMICO BACTERIANO DEL LANGOSTINO Macrobrachium carcinus L

    OpenAIRE

    J. Ulises González-de la Cruz; H. Delfin-González; Ma. C. de la Cruz-Leyva; R. A. Rojas-Herrera; M. Zamudio-Maya

    2011-01-01

    En este trabajo se adecuó un protocolo para la extracción de ADN metagenómico (ADNmg) bacteriano del sistema digestivo (intestino, estómago y hepatopáncreas) del langostino Macrobrachium carcinus L., tomando como referencia la metodología de extracción de ADN bacteriano de suelos y sedimentos (Rojas-Herrera et al., 2008). Esta metodología constaba de lisis enzimática, física, mecánica y química; después de una serie de ensayos se suprimió la lisis enzimática. Sin embargo, el éxito de la extra...

  2. Extracción de ADN de Trypanosoma cruzi mediante tratamiento con bromuro de hexadecil-trimetil-amonio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Escalante

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se describe un método rápido, sencillo y eficaz para la obtención de ADN genómico de Trypanosoma cruzi, libre de impurezas y fácil de manipular. Dicho procedimiento se basa en la lisis del parásito con SDS y remoción de proteínas mediante la digestión con proteinasa K, seguida de la precipitación selectiva de carbohidratos y proteínas residuales con bromuro de hexadecil-trimetil-amonio (CTAB. Finalmente, el ADN se extrae con cloroformo: alcohol isoamílico y se recupera de la fase acuosa mediante precipitación con isopropanol.

  3. Good nurse, bad nurse....

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alavi, C; Cattoni, J

    1995-02-01

    The construction of the nursing subject is discussed. The paper takes a historical perspective, arguing that the range of speaking positions available to the nurse is limited by gender, class and education. It evaluates the position of nursing in the university, showing how this also has propensity to limit the development of the nursing profession.

  4. 不同学位类型护理硕士研究生职业认同与期望的比较%Comparison of the career identity and expectation among nursing graduate students with different types of degree

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨巾夏; 张文燕; 武冰玉

    2016-01-01

    Objective To compare the differences of the career identity and expectation of nursing graduate students between the postgraduate degree type of nursing specialist and science.Methods According to the convenience sampling,the study investigated 223 nursing graduate students from 1 2 universities in Shanghai,Beijing,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,and Shanxi,using the professional identity scale for nursing students (PISNS)and the career expectations scale.The participants included 1 1 0 students with master of nursing specialist(MNS)and 1 1 3 students with master of nursing(MN).Results The score of the career identity for MNS and MN were (58.77 ±9.01 )and (58.42 ±1 2.1 0),with no statistical differences between the two groups (t =-0.250,P =0.803).The score of the career expectation for MN was (89.45 ±1 3.40)and higher than the score of (84.57 ±1 3.50)for MNS (t =2.708,P =0.007).Moreover,MN group presented higher career expectation of the three dimensions including the prestige status and stability,the intrinsic value and the extrinsic value (P <0.05).The top five expectations were “equal opportunity and fair competition”“provision of the education opportunity”“provision of health care,pension,housing accumulation fund ” “ability development”and “knowledge in practice”.Conclusions There is not much difference for career identity between MNS and MN,but the career expectation is general higher for MN than MNS.All the nursing graduate students have more focus on the intrinsic value in career development.Meanwhile,leaders should also help them improve their self-development and professional values in future career.%目的:比较专业学位和科学学位护理硕士研究生的职业认同和期望水平的差异。方法采用方便抽样法,使用职业认同问卷(PISNS)和职业期望问卷调查上海、北京、江苏、浙江和山西5个省市12所高校的223名护理硕士研究生,包括专业学位硕士110名、科学学位硕士113名

  5. Vacunas de ADN: inducción de la respuesta inmunitaria DNA Vaccines: Induction of the immune response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Mota-Sánchez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La efectividad de las vacunas y la inmunización en la prevención de las enfermedades infecciosas es uno de los grandes avances de la medicina. En la actualidad, el acceso a la tecnología de punta en el área de la genómica y la proteómica ha hecho posible acelerar el desarrollo de nuevos modelos de vacunas con características mejoradas en aspectos fundamentales, como la inmunogenicidad y la seguridad. A casi dos décadas del primer informe, en el cual se demostró que un gen puede expresarse mediante la inyección directa de ADN desnudo, las vacunas de ADN han probado ser eficientes para inducir una respuesta inmunitaria protectora contra parásitos, virus y bacterias en diversos modelos animales. Esta revisión tiene por objetivo presentar un panorama general de las vacunas de ADN y los mecanismos mediante los cuales la inmunización con antígenos insertados en vectores de ADN (plásmidos inducen una respuesta inmunitaria.The effectiveness of vaccines and immunization in the prevention of infectious diseases is one of the greatest successes in medicine. In recent years, with access to cutting edge genomic and proteomic technology, it is possible to accelerate the development of new and improved vaccines with better immunogenicity and safety characteristics. Since the first report almost two decades ago, where it was demonstrated that gene expression is possible by directed injection of naked DNA, DNA vaccines have been proven to induce protective immune responses against parasites, virus and bacterium in diverse animal disease models. This review aims to present an overview about DNA vaccines and the mechanisms by which immune responses are induced after immunization with plasmid DNA-encoded antigens.

  6. 艾默生推出两款ADN-C系列小巧型DIN导轨电源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    日前,艾默生网络能源公司宣布推出两款属于ADN-C系列的小巧型DIN导轨安装三相电源产品。这两款10A和5A产品的推出令该系列电源的产品阵容显得更为鼎盛。

  7. Estudio estructural de la unión de ADN rico en adeninas y timinas con la proteína HMGA1a y con fármacos específicos de unión al surco estrecho del ADN

    OpenAIRE

    Millán Elías, Cynthia Raquel

    2013-01-01

    Las actividades relacionadas con el ADN como la transcripción, replicación, recombinación y reparación implican cambios en la estructura del ADN y en la organización de la cromatina. Estos cambios estructurales dependen de su interacción con proteínas. Las proteínas HMGA1 (High Mobility Group A1) son miembros de una superfamilia de proteínas de baja masa molecular, se encuentran en el núcleo de las células y modifican la conformación espacial del ADN. Actúan como factores de transcri...

  8. Baroreflexes of the rat. V. Tetanus-induced potentiation of ADN A-fiber responses at the NTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Xiaorui; Dworkin, Barry R

    2007-12-01

    In a long-term neuromuscular blocked (NMB) rat preparation, tetanic stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve (ADN) enhanced the A-fiber evoked responses (ERs) in the cardiovascular region, the nucleus of the solitary tract (dmNTS). The potentiation persisted for at least several hours and may be a mechanism for adaptive adjustment of the gain of the baroreflex, with functional implications for blood pressure regulation. Using a capacitance electrode, we selectively stimulated A-fibers and acquired a stable 10-h "A-fiber only" ER baseline at the dmNTS. Following baseline, an A+C-fiber activating tetanus was applied to the ADN. The tetanus consisted of 1,000 "high current" pulses (10 trains; 300 mus, 100 Hz, 1 s), with intertrain interval of 9 s. A 10-h A-fiber only posttetanic test phase repeated the stimulus pattern of the baseline. Fourteen tetanus experiments were done in 12 rats. Compared with the baseline before tetanus, the A-fiber ER magnitudes of posttetanus hours were larger [F(13, 247) = 3.407, P ADN A+C fiber-activating tetanus produced increases in the magnitude of the A-fiber ERs in the dmNTS that persisted for several hours. In an additional rat, application of an NMDA receptor antagonist, prior to the tetanus, blocked the potentiation effect. The stimulus protocols, magnitude and duration of the effect, and pharmacology resemble associative long-term potentiation (LTP).

  9. Identificación de restos óseos humanos mediante análisis de ADN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernal Morera-Brenes

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años la tecnología del ADN se ha convertido en una poderosa herramienta para la identificación individual, incluso cuando sólamente se cuenta con restos óseos. Se ilustra un caso en el cual se realizó la prueba de identificación comparando el ADN de los supuestos padres contra el ADN extraído del hueso de un menor de sexo femenino, utilizando los marcadores: HLA-DQA1, LDLR, GYPA, HBGG, D7S8, Gc, y D1S80. Los perfiles genéticos obtenidos permitieron concluir una identificación positiva de los restos como pertenecientes a la niña desaparecida. Esta metodología queda disponible para futuros casos forenses que así lo ameriten.The DNA technology has become a powerful tool for human identification in the last few years even in cases where the bones are the only remains. We now report the successful identification of the skeletal remains of a murder victim by comparative typing on nuclear DNA in remains, and in the presumptive parents of the victim. The genetic markers used were: HLA-DQA1, LDLR, GYPA, HBGG, D7S8, Gc, and D1S80. This feasibility of bone DNA typing is available in forensic investigation in Costa Rica now.

  10. El ADN antiguo aplicado a contextos arqueopaleontológicos: el caso de la cueva de Arlanpe (Lemoa, Bizkaia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iriarte, E.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios de ADN antiguo están permitiendo conocer nuevos datos sobre la biología de especies actuales y extintas. Las técnicas de ADN antiguo pueden ser una herramienta adicional y complementaria dentro de los estudios multidisciplinares que son necesarios para abordar distintas problemáticas arqueopaleontológicas. En este artículo repasamos algunas de las aplicaciones en estos contextos: la determinación taxonómica y sexual, los estudios para conocer el proceso de domesticación, o la estructura filogeográfica durante ciclos glaciares subrayando la existencia o no de refugios glaciares. También proporcionamos información preliminar referente a la aplicación de estas técnicas en el yacimiento de Arlanpe (Lemoa, Bizkaia. En este yacimiento hemos obtenido ADN mitocondrial de muestras de oso pardo, gran bóvido y cabra montés. Una de las muestras de oso pardo de Arlanpe está dentro del clado 3c compuesto de osos pardos extintos de Alaska. Dos de las muestras de gran bóvido de Arlanpe han sido clasificadas como uro (Bos primigenius mediante métodos genéticos.

  11. Certified nurse-midwife

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and universities. Most nurse-midwives graduate at the Master's degree level. These programs must be accredited by ... nih.gov/pubmed/17207746 . Gregory KD, Niebyl JR, Johnson TRB. Preconception and prenatal care: part of the ...

  12. Hiring and incorporating doctor of nursing practice-prepared nurse faculty into academic nursing programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agger, Charlotte A; Oermann, Marilyn H; Lynn, Mary R

    2014-08-01

    Semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 deans and directors of nursing programs across the United States to gain an understanding of how Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)-prepared nurses seeking academic positions are hired and used in schools of nursing. Interviews sought to gain information regarding (a) differences and similarities in the roles and responsibilities of DNP- and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)-prepared faculty, (b) educational advancement and mentoring of DNP-prepared nurse faculty, (c) recruitment of doctorally prepared nurse faculty, and (d) shortages of nursing faculty. DNP- and PhD-prepared nurse faculty are hired for varying roles in baccalaureate and higher degree schools of nursing, some similar to other faculty with master's degrees and others similar to those with PhDs; in associate degree in nursing programs, they are largely hired for the same type of work as nurse faculty with master's degrees. Regardless of program or degree type, the main role of DNP-prepared faculty is teaching. Copyright 2014, SLACK Incorporated.

  13. Investigation in related influencing factors of satisfaction degree with nursing in central injection room of our hospital%影响医院中心注射室护理工作满意度的相关因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶风英; 侯静

    2012-01-01

    目的 对中心注射室护理工作的满意度进行调查,了解影响医院护理工作满意度的因素.方法 选择2011年1~12月在中心注射室接受治疗的患者252例为研究对象,采用问卷法对患者进行调查,并分析影响注射室护理工作满意度的因素.结果 接受调查的住院患者中,患者的满意度得分与患者的年龄、受教育程度、收入水平、住院科室、住院天数以及是否手术存在相关性.结论 护理人员应重视和加强护理工作质量和效率,提高临床患者对护理工作的满意程度.%Objective To understand the influencing factors of satisfaction degree with nursing in our hospital by investigation in satisfaction degree in central injection room.Methods 252 patients were selected in our hospital from January to December 2011 as the research object,questionnaires were used to investigate the patients,and the influencing factors of satisfaction degree of nursing work were analyzed.Results Among the patients who accepted the investigation,patients' satisfaction scores were correlated with the patients' age,education level,income level,inpatient department,hospital stay time and whether they accepted an operation.Conclusions Nursing staff should pay attention to and strengthen the nursing work quality and efficiency,improve the satisfaction degree with nursing of clinical patients.

  14. Comparación de dos protocolos de extracción de ADN de Trypanosoma cruzi cultivados en medio axénico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariela López

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Comparar dos protocolos de extracción de ADN de Trypanosoma cruzi para su uso en la amplificación de ADN de minicírculos de kinetoplasto (ADNk mediante la técnica de Reacción en Cadena de Polimerasa (PCR. Materiales y métodos. Se cultivaron epimastigotas de T. cruzi en condiciones exénicas obteniéndose masas entre 1,5 hasta 100 x 10(6 parásitos. A partir de estas se procedió a la extracción de ADN mediante dos protocolos: extracción con solventes orgánicos (fenol/cloroformo, y empleo de resina (Chelex®100, a partir de los diferentes sedimentos parasitarios. La concentración y pureza del ADN se determinó por espectrofotometría y la integridad se evaluó mediante electroforesis en geles de agarosa. Se realizó el análisis de varianza y comparaciones de medias mediante la prueba de Tukey, utilizando el software Statistix 8.0. Resultados. Se realizaron diez extracciones de ADN de cada una de las diferentes cantidades de parásitos sedimentados. En la extracción de ADN con la resina Chelex®100 se obtuvo mayor rendimiento, pero menor pureza e integridad respecto a la extracción con solventes orgánicos. Sin embargo, permitió la amplificación del producto de 330 pb de ADNk de T. cruzi. Conclusiones. Aun cuando la técnica de Chelex®100 proporcionó menor pureza e integridad del ADN, permitió la amplificación con éxito de ADNk por PCR, evitando el uso de técnicas laboriosas y solventes orgánicos tóxicos

  15. Comparación de dos protocolos de extracción de ADN de Trypanosoma cruzi cultivados en medio axénico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariela López

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Comparar dos protocolos de extracción de ADN de Trypanosoma cruzi para su uso en la amplificación de ADN de minicírculos de kinetoplasto (ADNk mediante la técnica de Reacción en Cadena de Polimerasa (PCR. Materiales y métodos. Se cultivaron epimastigotas de T. cruzi en condiciones exénicas obteniéndose masas entre 1,5 hasta 100 x 10(6 parásitos. A partir de estas se procedió a la extracción de ADN mediante dos protocolos: extracción con solventes orgánicos (fenol/cloroformo, y empleo de resina (Chelex®100, a partir de los diferentes sedimentos parasitarios. La concentración y pureza del ADN se determinó por espectrofotometría y la integridad se evaluó mediante electroforesis en geles de agarosa. Se realizó el análisis de varianza y comparaciones de medias mediante la prueba de Tukey, utilizando el software Statistix 8.0. Resultados. Se realizaron diez extracciones de ADN de cada una de las diferentes cantidades de parásitos sedimentados. En la extracción de ADN con la resina Chelex®100 se obtuvo mayor rendimiento, pero menor pureza e integridad respecto a la extracción con solventes orgánicos. Sin embargo, permitió la amplificación del producto de 330 pb de ADNk de T. cruzi. Conclusiones. Aun cuando la técnica de Chelex®100 proporcionó menor pureza e integridad del ADN, permitió la amplificación con éxito de ADNk por PCR, evitando el uso de técnicas laboriosas y solventes orgánicos tóxicos

  16. Nursing Faculty: One Generation away from Extinction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brendtro, Mary; Hegge, Marge

    2000-01-01

    A statewide survey of 288 nurses with graduate degrees found that those were nursing faculty (n=79) were older than other nurses in the sample. There were no differences in job satisfaction between faculty and other nurses. Noncompetitive salaries, desire for clinical practice, and rising expectations in higher education were deterrents to…

  17. Standards for Continuing Education in Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Nurses' Association, New York, NY.

    The quality of health care depends to a large degree on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of practicing nurses. Continuing education is one way nurses can maintain competence and meet the standards of their profession. Continuing education in nursing consists of planned learning experiences beyond a basic nursing educational program. Providers…

  18. Nursing Curriculum for the 1990s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. Thomas, Sister

    A survey was conducted of the chairs of the collegiate associate degree and baccalaureate degree nursing programs in New England. The questionnaire concerned curriculum needs for nursing programs, based on a model emphasizing that the fourth year of a nursing program should be a paid clinical practicum. The response rate was 72% (n=45). Results…

  19. Baroreflexes of the rat. IV. ADN-evoked responses at the NTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Xiaorui; Dworkin, Barry R

    2007-12-01

    In a long-term (7-21 days) neuromuscular blocked (NMB) rat preparation, using precise single-pulse aortic depressor nerve (ADN) stimulation and stable chronic evoked response (ER) recordings from the dorsal-medial solitary nucleus (dmNTS), two different response patterns were observed: continuous and discrete. For the continuous pattern, activity began approximately 3 ms after the stimulus and persisted for 45 ms; for the discrete pattern, two complexes were separated by a gap from approximately 17 to 25 ms. The early complex was probably transmitted via A-fibers: it had a low stimulus current threshold and an average conduction velocity (CV) of 0.58-5.5 m/s; the high threshold late (HTL) complex had a CV = 0.26-0.58 m/s. The average stimulus amplitude-ER magnitude transduction curves for the A and HTL complexes were sigmoidal. For individual rats, in the linear range, mean r2 = 0.96 +/- 0.03 for both complexes. The average stimulus amplitude vs. the systolic blood pressure change (delta sBP) transduction curve was also approximately linear; however, for individual rats, the relationship was not consistently reliable: mean r2 = 0.48 +/- 0.19. Approximately 90% of recording sites had respiratory, and 50% had cardiac synchronism. The NMB preparation is useful for studying central baroreflex mechanisms that operate on time scales of days or weeks, such as adaptation and other kinds of neural plasticity.

  20. 球形ADN的吸湿机理%Hygroscopic Mechanism of Spherical ADN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婧娜; 胡岚; 张皋; 王克勇; 严蕊; 张婷

    2014-01-01

    用动态吸湿性分析法和扫描电镜研究了球形二硝酰胺铵(ADN)的吸湿过程和吸湿过程中ADN形貌的变化,探讨了ADN的吸湿机理.结果表明,ADN吸湿过程可分为平缓吸湿(Ⅰ),急剧增强吸湿(Ⅱ)和潮解(Ⅲ)三个阶段,Ⅰ、Ⅱ阶段是水蒸汽与ADN固体表面的作用,Ⅲ阶段是水蒸汽与ADN液化膜表面的作用.Ⅰ阶段吸湿过程为多分子层吸附,符合BET理论模型;该阶段水与ADN之间的作用力对ADN吸湿性能起主导作用;Ⅱ阶段吸湿机理可用毛细孔凝聚理论解释,影响该阶段ADN吸湿性能的主要因素是ADN表面的光滑程度.

  1. NC/NG与ADN的相互作用%Interaction of NG/NC with ADN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张腊莹; 衡淑云; 刘子如; 张皋; 赵凤起; 谭惠民

    2009-01-01

    用高压差示扫描量热法(PDSC),热重-微商热重法(TG-DTG),研究了双基粘合剂(NC/NG体系)与二硝酰胺铵(ADN)之间的相互作用.结果表明,(NC/NG)/ADN体系中NG的分解峰由NC/NG中的207.0 ℃提前至159.8 ℃,在高压下该分解峰温提前至153.6 ℃.NC/ADN的分解峰温比NG/ADN提前了4.8 ℃,而且大部分的ADN没有被NG加速而提前分解,表明NC对ADN的作用比NG更强烈.此外,还用真空安定性试验(VST)评价了NC/NG与ADN的相容性,混合体系的净增放气量大于11 mL,属于严重不相容,证明在90 ℃下NC/NG与ADN之间也存在强烈的相互作用.

  2. Centros Históricos: El auténtico ADN de las Ciudades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Sahady Villanueva

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available La ciudad no dejará de mutar mientras exista: se expande, se concentra, se densifica, se vacía. Pero es en el centro fundacional donde se pueden advertir los genes de su verdadera identidad. Aun cuando todos los centros históricos occidentales coinciden en ciertos rasgos arquitectónicos y urbanos, independiente de sus coordenadas geográficas, cada uno de ellos carga con un conjunto de huellas esenciales que los hace únicos e irreproducibles. Cierto es que todas las trazas primitivas de las ciudades latinoamericanas arrancan del patrón común que imponen los colonizadores, pero paulatinamente van derivando hacia modelos particulares que terminan por hacerlas perfectamente identificables unas de otras. Así, Quito es claramente diferente a La Habana y Bahía guarda una gran distancia con Lima. Santiago, por su parte, todavía preserva algunos de los atributos que, en su esplendor -a finales del siglo XIX-, otorgaron a su centro histórico algún grado de unidad. Hoy día las amenazas son múltiples, en tiempos en que la globalización procura sentar una marca anónima y universal. La misión de los profesionales responsables de modificar la ciudad –y de incidir en el centro histórico, por lo tanto- es defender sus vestigios originales, que son los que constituyen en definitiva, su verdadero ADN.

  3. Nursing in Malawi: nursing theory in the movement to professionalize nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bultemeier, Kaye I

    2012-04-01

    Nursing in Malawi has been predominately a technical trade and only recently has begun the transition to a profession with autonomy and advanced degree preparation. Nursing theories provide a framework for the evolution of nursing to an independent profession. Theories provide a means for the articulation of the nursing role to other members of the healthcare team including consumers. Healthcare and human needs are basic and the guidance provided by nursing theories, including Nightingale's, gives language and structure to the education of nurses as the profession moves into advanced practice in a developing country.

  4. 稳定剂对ADN和NC初期相互作用的影响%Influences of Stabilizers on the Nascent Interaction between ADN and NC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李吉祯; 王祎; 刘芳莉; 付小龙; 樊学忠; 张腊莹; 王琼

    2011-01-01

    在研究二硝酰胺铵(ADN)的热行为特性及其与硝化纤维素(NC)相互作用的基础上,利用差示扫描量热法(DSC)研究了稳定剂N-甲基对硝基苯胺(MNA)、二号中定剂(C2)、2-硝基二苯胺(2-NDPA)、六次甲基四胺(HMT)及其复配体系(MNA/C2、MNA/2-NDPA、MNA/HMT)对ADN与NC之间初期相互作用的影响.结果表明,稳定剂MNA和C2可使ADN与NC之间的相互作用得到一定程度的减弱,MNA与C2、2-NDPA和HMT的复配协同作用对ADN与NC之间的初期相互作用产生了较为明显的抑制作用,与NC/ADN二元混合体系相比,NC/(ADN/稳定剂)体系的DSC峰温提前量可由19.2℃缩减至11.9℃.%On the basis of the study of thermal behavior of ammonium dinitramide (ADN) and the interaction between ADN and NC, the influences of stabilizers, such as N-methyl-p-nitroaniline(MNA), 1,3-dimethyl-1,3-diphenylurea(C2 ) ,2-nitrodianiline(2-NDPA) ,hexamethylenetetramine(HMT) and its complex MNA/C2, MNA/2-NDPA and MNA/HMT, on the nascent interactions between ADN and NC were investigated by using the method of DSC.The results show that the interaction between ADN and NC can be decreased to a certain extent by mixing MNA and C2, and the nascent interaction between ADN and NC can be inhibited obviously by mixing the complex of MNA/C2, MNA/2-NDPA and MNA/HMT. Comparing the binary system of ADN/NC, the value of △Tp,which is the DSC exothermic peak temperature different between ADN/stabilizer and NC, can be decreased from 19. 2℃ to 11.9 ℃ by using the mixtures of stabilizers.

  5. Effect of High-quality Nursing on Psychological Emotion and the Degree of Satisfaction of Patients With Hyperplasia of Prostate Gland%优质护理对前列腺增生患者心理情绪及满意度的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫荣

    2016-01-01

    目的:探析优质护理对前列腺增生患者心理情绪及满意度的影响。方法选取我院收治的前列腺增生患者108例,以入院时间均分两组。对照组给予常规护理,观察组给予优质护理,对比分析临床护理效果。结果经护理后,观察组的SAS、SDS评分均优于对照组(P<0.05);观察组的护理满意度为94.44%,优于对照组的77.78%(P<0.05)。结论给予前列腺增生患者优质护理,可改善患者的负面心理情绪,提高护理满意度。%ObjectiveTo explore the effect of high-quality nursing on psychological mood and the degree of satisfaction of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia.Methods108 cases of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia were selected in our hospital and were divided into two groups by admission time. Control group was given about routine nursing,observation group was given about high-quality nursing,and to analyze the effect of clinical nursing.ResultsAfter nursing,the SAS,SDS score of observation group was better than those of control group(P<0.05); The degree of nursing satisfaction of observation group was 94.44%,which was significantly better than that of control group 77.78%(P<0.05).Conclusion High-quality nursing of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia can improve the negative psychological mood of patients and the degree of nursing satisfaction.

  6. Predictors of Success and Failure for ADN Students on the NCLEX-RN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benefiel, Diane

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to: 1) analyze the relationship of preprogram and nursing program variables on National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) success and failure, and 2) develop a model to predict success and failure on the NCLEX-RN. The convenience sample was comprised of 245 spring, summer, and fall midterm…

  7. Predictors of Success and Failure for ADN Students on the NCLEX-RN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benefiel, Diane

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to: 1) analyze the relationship of preprogram and nursing program variables on National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) success and failure, and 2) develop a model to predict success and failure on the NCLEX-RN. The convenience sample was comprised of 245 spring, summer, and fall midterm…

  8. Motivación, necesidades y expectativas de los estudiantes del Grado en Enfermería en el aprendizaje del inglés como segunda lengua Motivation, needs and expectations of nursing degree students towards English language learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Camacho Bejarano

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Los nuevos estudios de Grado, Máster y Doctorado consideran que el manejo de la lengua inglesa es una competencia transversal fundamental. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo conocer la motivación, necesidades y expectativas del alumnado del Grado en Enfermería de la Universidad de Huelva en el aprendizaje del inglés como segunda lengua. Se ha realizado un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. El alumnado otorga una gran importancia a la formación en inglés para su futuro desempeño con diferencias significativas en cuanto a su aplicabilidad en los diferentes ámbitos profesionales. A pesar de su alta motivación, un alto porcentaje considera que la oferta académica universitaria no cubre sus necesidades formativas. Se cuestiona por tanto la necesidad de ampliar y reorientar la formación de manera que se cumplan las expectativas del alumnado, las demandas profesionales y conseguir potenciar el aprendizaje de otras lenguas como vehículo de desarrollo académico y profesional.The new Degree, Master and Doctorate studies considers English language use as an essential competency. This paper aims to get a better knowledge of first and second year students Nursing Degree students within the University of Huelva in terms of motivation, needs and expectations regarding learning English as second language. An observational descriptive study from a cross-sectional approach has been performed. Students consider highly important English language learning for their future professional development while showing important significant differences about its applicability on the different professional settings. Despite their high motivation, a high percentage consider than the academic catalogue do not cover their learning needs. These results justify the need for further research and for a potential reorientation of the English language educative programs to match students' expectations, their professional needs and to enhance other

  9. Preparation and Performaces of ADN/Fe2O3 Nanocomposite Oxidant%ADN/Fe2O3纳米复合氧化剂的制备及性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋肯彭; 宋小兰; 张树海

    2011-01-01

    By using 1,2-epoxypropane as the agent for speeding up the hydrolyzation of Fe(Ⅲ) ions, AND/Fe2O3 composite wet gel was prepared by sol-gel method under a mild and nontoxic condition. Consequently, the AND/ Fe2O3 aerogel was obtained by means of supercritical CO2 fluid extraction. TEM,SEM,EDS,IR,DSC and sensitivity test were employed to characterize the appearance, structure, thermal behaviour and mechanical sensitivity of the samples. The results indicate that the as-prepared AND/Fe2O3 nanoparticles are about 50- 100 nm in diameter. As the decrease of the mass of AND,the nanocomposites become much insensitive to mechanical stimuli. Moreover,the AND/Fe2 O3 nanoparticles decomposes at lower temperature with the disappearance of melting endothermic peak.%采用溶胶-凝胶法,以1,2-环氧丙烷作为Fe(Ⅲ)离子的水解促进剂,在温和无毒的条件下制备了ADN/Fe2O3复合湿凝胶,再将复合湿凝胶进行超临界CO2萃取后,成功获得ADN/Fe2O3气凝胶.用TEM、SEM、EDS、IR DSC和感度试验对上述样品的形貌、结构、热行为和机械感度进行了表征.结果表明,制得的ADN/Fe2O3纳米复合氧化剂的粒径为50~10 nm,撞击感度和摩擦感度均随着其中ADN含量的减小而降低,分解放热峰较原料ADN有所提前,熔化吸热峰消失.

  10. English in the nursing degree: a pending subject El inglés en el grado de enfermeria: una asignatura pendiente Inglês no grau de enfermagem: um assunto pendente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Camacho-Bejarano

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The new competence profile of nursing professionals, scientific and medical development, the free circulation of health professionals worldwide, and the increasing social and cultural diversity requires that nurses have specific abilities in spoken and written English. The objective of this research is to describe the characteristics of the English language training required for a Bachelors of Nursing in Spain. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional observational study has been performed in forty-six Spanish universities that offer the Bachelor in nursing degree. RESULTS: In line with the directives of the European Higher Education Area, all universities contemplate the mandatory credit of a second language emphasizing English, although there is considerable variability in the emphasis: 39.4% do not include any English subject, and of the remaining 60.6% who do include it, 60% considered it an elective subject, 32.5% basic education, and 7.5% mandatory. CONCLUSIONS: The English training has different characteristics in each university, which implies a different commitment from each center for this learning. This fact questions the adequacy of the education in relation to the new competence profile required by the European Higher Education Area, which may adversely affect future professional development. OBJETIVO: El nuevo perfil competencial de los profesionales de Enfermería, el desarrollo científico-sanitario, la libre circulación de profesionales sanitarios a nivel internacional y la creciente diversidad socio-cultural exige que las enfermeras posean competencias específicas en inglés hablado y escrito. El objetivo del presente estudio es describir las características de la formación en lengua inglesa en el Grado en Enfermería en España. MÉTODO: Se ha realizado un estudio observacional descriptivo y transversal en cuarenta y seis universidades españolas que imparten el Grado en Enfermería. RESULTADO: En línea con las

  11. Nursing Supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Nursing Supplies Page Content Article Body Throughout most of ... budget. (Nursing equipment also makes wonderful baby gifts.) Nursing Bras A well-made nursing bra that comfortably ...

  12. Extracción y purificación de ADN de pelo a pH muy ácido

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro C. Hidalgo; Ackermann, Elizabeth; Figueiro, Gonzalo; Sans, Mónica

    2009-01-01

    El aislamiento y purificación de ADN es el paso inicial en los protocolos de PCR. Uno de los problemas que se presentan es la dificultad en la obtención de la muestra; los métodos basados en muestras sanguíneas, si bien permiten la obtención de una gran cantidad de ADN, tienen como inconveniente la dificultad de obtención de la muestra así como la conservación de éstas previa a la extracción de ADN. Es por eso que se buscó un nuevo método que se basara en muestras fácilmente obtenibles inclus...

  13. Optimización de un protocolo de extracción de ADN genómico para Pinus tecunumanii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David A. Cerda-Granados

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Se optimizó un protocolo para la extracción de ADN genómico de Pinus tecunumanii basado en el método de extracción de Doyle y Doyle (1990. Se probaron los megagametofitos de las semillas de árboles deP. tecunumanii muestreados en cinco poblaciones naturales de Nicaragua. El método consta de maceración del tejido en tubos Eppendorf, una extracción con bromuro trimetil amonio de cetilo (CTABempleando altas concentraciones de sales, proteinasa K, extracciones sucesivas con cloroformo-alcohol isoamílico y un tratamiento con ARNasa A. El rendimiento fue aproximadamente 13μg de ADN por 58.7 mg de tejido inicial fresco. El ADNgenómico obtenido por este método fue apropiado para ser usado en reaccionesRAPD (ADN polimórfico amplificado al azar

  14. Comparación de métodos de extracción de ADN en tejidos parafinados y utilidad para amplificación por PCR

    OpenAIRE

    Javier Alonso Baena Del Valle; Alvaro José Ramos Moreno; Claudio Jaime Gómez Alegria; Doris Esther Gómez-Camargo

    2013-01-01

    ResumenLos tejidos fijados en formol e incluidos en parafina son una fuente de material para hallazgos moleculares en el ámbito clínico y científico, demostrándose que el ADN extraído de éstos,  es adecuado para amplificación a través de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (RCP). En este estudio, se ensayaron tres métodos de extracción de ADN en tejidos incluidos en parafina, con el objetivo de comparar la eficiencia de estos para obtener ADN adecuado, además se analizó su utilidad en ampl...

  15. Evaluation of a Successful High Risk Nursing Student Assistance Program: One ADN Program's Journey

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Ciaran Anthony Mary

    2013-01-01

    A college education is, for many in America, part and parcel of the American Dream, and is certainly achievable. For countless reasons, students may enroll at community colleges underprepared, unprepared, anxious, and destined for a high risk of failure. Although community colleges are higher education institutions open and accessible to all who…

  16. In vivo inhibitory activity of andrographolide derivative ADN-9 against liver cancer and its mechanisms involved in inhibition of tumor angiogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Wei; Zhao, Jin; Wang, Yake; Xu, Haiwei; Wu, Zhenwei; Hu, Yangyang; Jiang, Kunkun; Shen, Pengpeng; Ma, Cuiyun; Guan, Zhenzhen; Zhang, Yan; Ma, Jiahui; Shang, Ning; Yan, Guangming; Wang, Zhenji; Dai, Guifu

    2017-07-15

    It is well known that liver cancer is a highly aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis. Andrographolide (AD), a major bioactive component of Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.), is a potential anti-cancer pharmacophore and the synthesis of AD derivatives with better cytotoxicity to cancer cells has attracted considerable attentions. In the present study, we evaluated the in vivo inhibitory effects of ADN-9, a 15-benzylidene substituted derivative of AD, on the growth and metastasis of murine hepatoma H22 using an orthotopic xenograft model and a subcutaneous xenograft model, and we further studied the anti-angiogenic action and the related mechanisms of ADN-9 in vivo and in vitro. Importantly, ADN-9 remarkably suppressed the growth and metastasis of both orthotopic and subcutaneous xenograft tumors, and the serum AFP level in orthotopic hepatoma-bearing mice treated with 100mg/kg ADN-9 (ig.) was decreased to the normal level. We also found that ADN-9 showed stronger abilities than AD in shrinking tumors, suppressing the invasion and metastasis of H22 cells, decreasing the MVD and promoting tumor cell apoptosis in subcutaneous xenograft of mice. Additionally, ADN-9 exhibited stronger inhibitory activity than AD against the migration and VEGF-induced capillary-like tube formation in HUVECs, which was further proved to be associated with attenuating VEGF/VEGFR2/AKT signaling pathway. The present research provides the first evidence that a 15-substituted AD derivative is more promising than the parent compound in therapeutic treatment of liver cancer. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. La aplicación de los análisis de ADN en el proceso penal

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Hernández, Edmundo

    2007-01-01

    Resulta difícil para una persona experta resumir en unas breves líneas lo que ha supuesto el extraordinario descubrimiento científico que gira en torno al ADN. De su actualidad nos sobrada cuenta las constantes referencias en los medios de comunicación, con frecuencia acompañada de predicciones futuras próximas a la ciencia ficción. Su repercusión desde plano de ética resulte igualmente innegable pues, al igual que la gran mayoría de los descubrimientos científicos más relevantes, las posibil...

  18. 汽车设计网络(ADN):标致-雪铁龙的新标志

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋东镭

    2005-01-01

    标致-雪铁龙集团设计中心又被称为汽车设计网络(以下简称为ADN),集团认为这个名字在观念上符合了设计中心的本质——个完全致力于创新和汽车革新的场所。缩写的ADN在法语中拼为DNA,则表达了该集团要恢复标致和雪铁龙这两个品牌的传统特性的用意。

  19. A Model for Collaboration: The Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing and the Frontier Nursing Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novotny, Jeanne M.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    The collaboration between the Frontier Nursing Service and the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing provides a way for those with associate degrees in midwifery to obtain a baccalaureate degree in nursing and become eligible for advanced training in midwifery. Distance learning facilitates instruction for the geographically dispersed midwives.…

  20. Caracterización múltiple de la fragmentación del adn espermático en pacientes infértiles

    OpenAIRE

    García Peiró, Agustín

    2013-01-01

    La infertilidad es un problema que afecta al 15 % de las parejas en edad reproductiva. Así pues, el análisis de los factores que impiden obtener un embarazo es un tema de interés creciente Se considera que la infertilidad se debe a un factor masculino en el 30-50% de los casos. Recientemente, varios estudios han demostrado que la integridad del ADN espermático es un factor importante para la correcta transmisión de la información genética paterna. Daños en el ADN podrían afectar tanto a la fe...

  1. OPTIMIZACIÓN DE LOS PROTOCOLOS DE EXTRACCIÓN DE ADN Y DEL MARCADOR MOLECULAR TIPO RAPD EN ANONÁCEAS

    OpenAIRE

    Yanet Alfonso Alonso; Caridad Noriega Carrera; Miriam Isidrón Pérez; Lucy Andraca Collazo; Dubiel Alfonso González; Daymara Rodríguez Alfonso

    2016-01-01

    Las técnicas moleculares requieren de protocolos que permitan determinar los niveles de variación genética, dentro de las poblaciones en diferentes condiciones ambientales. Tanto la optimización del aislamiento del ADN, como el de las condiciones de trabajo de las amplificaciones, son fundamentales para alcanzar el éxito de los análisis moleculares, por lo que la presente investigación tiene como objetivo: optimizar los protocolos de extracción de ADN y del marcador molecular tipo RAPD (Rando...

  2. Comparación de tres métodos de extracción de ADN a partir de restos óseos

    OpenAIRE

    Del Valle, Christian; Rodríguez, Anayanci; Espinoza, Marta

    2014-01-01

    Diferentes investigaciones han demostrado que la posibilidad de llevar a cabo estudios de marcadores genéticos está muchas veces limitada por la capacidad de obtener ácidos desoxirribonucleicos (ADN) a partir de muestras degradadas como los restos óseos. Asu vez, la información que de allí se derive resulta de suma importancia en diferentes situaciones médico-legales. El presente estudio se diseñó para comparar la eficiencia de tres métodos orgánicos de extracción de ADN amplificable por la t...

  3. Cuantificación de ADN libre en plasma sanguíneo de voluntarios sanos en una población bogotana

    OpenAIRE

    Hernán David Salazar-Jordan et al.

    2009-01-01

    El ADN libre en sangre incrementa con algunas condiciones patológicas y ciertos estados fisiológicos. Varios reportes en la literatura han resaltado que el ADN libre en plasma o suero tiene potencial clínico como una posible herramienta para el pronóstico de cáncer en humanos. Sin embargo, hasta el momento no se tienen valores de referencia de individuos sanos con un tamaño de muestra representativo y tampoco se han descrito valores para poblaciones específicas como la bogotana. Es por ello q...

  4. Determinación de la efectividad de cinco protocolos de extracción de ADN a partir de material parafinado para estudios moleculares

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Arce, Gerardo; Villalobos Quesada, María José; Jiménez Montero, Ernesto; Palma Platero, Walter

    2007-01-01

    El estudio evaluó cuatro distintos protocolos de uso común en laboratorio y uno comercial, para la extracción de ADN a partir de material fijado en formalina y parafinado, correspondiente a cervix uterinos producto de conizaciones y LEEPs (loop electrocautery excision procedure), provenientes de los Servicios de Patología de nueve Hospitales de la Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social (CCSS). Se encontró que el protocolo más efectivo para obtener ADN viable para la PCR, es el basado en extracci...

  5. Método para la replicación, amplificación o secuenciación de un ADN molde

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Método para la replicación, amplificación o secuenciación de un ADN molde. La presente invención se encuadra dentro del campo de la biotecnología. Específicamente, se refiere a un método para llevar a cabo la replicación, la amplificación o la secuenciación de un ácido desoxirribonucleico con una ADN polimerasa del tipo 29 y a un kit para llevar a cabo dicho método.

  6. Estrategias para mejorar la comprensión del proceso de replicación del ADN en alumnos de la Escuela Secundaria

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Teniendo como hipótesis que la representación gráfica de la replicación del ADN utilizada habitualmente genera una comprensión inadecuada del proceso, y que la utilización de una representación alternativa que sitúa las horquillas en el interior de una o varias burbujas de replicación mejora la comprensión del proceso, se presenta una secuencia de estrategias de enseñanza con el objetivo de contribuir a la mejor comprensión del proceso de replicación del ADN Bearing the hypothesis that the...

  7. 高校临床实习护生对职业知识与能力需求的差异性调查研究%Investigate the difference of professional knowledge and ability among different degree practice nursing students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲吉婷; 刘小琴; 王小梅; 夏瑾

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the difference of professional knowledge and ability among different degree prac-tice nursing students and provide theoretical guidance for nursing teaching. Methods The questionnaire were designed by reference related literature at home and abroad and the region's actual were combined.300 practice nursing students from November 2012 to May 2013 were randomly selected from class 3 first level general hospital in Chongqing.Among these students,each bachelor degree and junior college were 150 cases,the difference of professional knowledge and a-bility was investigated. Results There were statistically significant differences in personal skill training among different degree practice nursing students in addition to the ability to communicate (P<0.05 or P<0.01).The bachelor degree stu-dents were more desire in seeking knowledge than junior college students in all dimensions. Conclusion To profession-al knowledge and the cultivation of clinical nursing skills,all of practice nursing students in colleges have higher re-quirements,and the requirements relates to the degree of practice nursing students.The bachelor degree students are more desire in seeking knowledge than junior college students about nursing professional knowledge and ability.%目的:了解高校不同学历实习护生对职业知识与能力需求的差异性,以期为护理教学提供理论指导。方法参考国内外相关文献并结合本地区实际设计调查问卷,随机选取2012年11月~2013年5月在重庆地区综合性三甲医院的实习护生300名进行调查问卷,其中本科、大专学生各150名,调查实习护生对职业知识与能力需求的差异性。结果除沟通能力外,不同学历实习护生对个人技能培养需求具有差异性,本科生求知欲望在各维度中均高于大专生(P<0.05或P<0.01)。结论高校实习护生对职业知识和护理临床技能的培养均有较高的需求,需求度与实习护生的

  8. Analysis of Methods to Improve the Satisfaction Degree of Nurses in Hemodialysis Room%血液透析室提高护士满意度新方案调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍杉杉

    2015-01-01

    Objective To car y out with quality care,and improve nurse satisfaction and acceptance of the work.Methods By random sampling method,to my nurse into sections of 30 months was observed in the control group 15 cases in combination,on duty in the control group using traditional scheduling model and scheduling system,the observation group with new high-quality care model,the implementation of nurse long-head of nursing care-care leader-nurse leader responsibility-the responsibility of nurses-a new concept pregnant nurses mode.Results The implementation of the new care nurse psychological endurance mode,working motivation,job satisfaction,compared with the previous 66%to 88%.Conclusion The new accountability chain-type self-care model to improve the sense of presence of nurses to improve nurse satisfaction,contributing to the development of quality care, improve work ef iciency and quality of care.%目的配合优质护理服务的开展,提高护士满意度和对工作的认同度。方法通过随机抽样的方法,对我科室的30名护士分成观察组合对照组个15例,对照组采用传统的值班排班模式,和排班制度,对观察组采用新型优质护理模式,实施护士长-护关怀组长-护理组长-责任护士组长-责任护士-新护士的观怀模式。结果执行新的关怀模式后的护士心理承受力,工作积极性,工作满意度,较前面的66%提高到了88%。结论新型责任制链条型关怀模式提高了护士自我存在感,有利于优质护理服务的开展,提高了工作效率和护理质量。

  9. - Las vacunas de ADN: una promisoria medicina para el paciente veterinario (DNA vaccines: a promising medicine for the veterinary patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Díaz David

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumen. Las vacunas de ADN constituyen una promisoria herramienta en vacunología moderna. Al tratarse de una tecnología fácil de aplicar y de gran versatilidad, capaz de estimular una respuesta inmune humoral y celular, esenciales en la lucha contra infecciones virales, constituye una línea primordial de investigación y desarrollo. Esta revisión aborda las características de un vector de ADN y los mecanismos propuestos para la generación de la respuesta inmune mediante este tipo de vacunación. Igualmente, se discuten algunos regímenes de vacunación, ejemplos de respuestas inmunes protectoras obtenidas en especies de interés veterinario, y se hace referencia a las cuestiones de inocuidad inherentes a este tipo de vacuna. Abstract. DNA vaccines represent an invaluable tool in modern vaccinology. Besides being a simple versatile technology, capable of stimulating both cellular and humoral immune responses, it is also an essential weapon to fight against infections of viral etiology. This review emphasizes the characteristics of a DNA vaccine vector, as well as the proposed mechanisms responsible for the generation of a protective immune response. Furthermore, immunization regimes are discussed, examples of protective immune responses attained in target species of veterinary interest are given and reference is made to the safety concerns derived from this kind of vaccine.

  10. LA ENSEÑANZA DEL ADN DESDE UNA MIRADA HISTÓRICA. TENSIONES CIENTÍFICAS Y SOCIALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Andrés Cortez Ruiz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo corresponde a los avances de una investigación cualitativa, que tiene como eje central el uso de la historia de las ciencias en la enseñanza de la estructura del ADN y que se encuentra en su tercera etapa de desarrollo, en la Maestría en Didáctica de las Ciencias de la Fundación Universidad Autónoma de Colombia. El proyecto se desarrolla con estudiantes de dos instituciones de la Secretaría de Educación Distrital. El objetivo es proporcionar elementos que faciliten la enseñanza de la estructura del ADN a través de un enfoque histórico, evidenciando el carácter humano de la ciencia y su impacto, con la intensión de llevar al aula un proceso de transposición didáctica que promueva una ciencia versátil, flexible y más humana, en la que más allá de priorizar conceptos, se generen espacios de análisis y reflexión que favorezcan la construcción de pensamiento crítico frente a uno de los episodios científicos que marcaron la historia de la ciencia y particularmente de la biología.

  11. Interaction of ADN with nitrate oxidizer%ADN与硝胺氧化剂的相互作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张腊莹; 刘子如; 衡淑云; 韩芳; 岳璞

    2007-01-01

    用高压差示扫描量热法(PDSC)和热重-微商热重法(TG-DTG),研究了高能氧化剂ADN(二硝酰胺铵)的热分解及其与HMX和RDX的相互作用.结果表明,ADN与HMX和RDX之间存在着强烈的相互作用.因部分HMX溶于熔融的ADN中,而参与了ADN组分的分解,ADN的放热分解峰温因压力升高而提高,而HMX产生了双分解峰.大量的RDX因ADN的熔融而提前液化与ADN一起分解,因ADN气相产物的抑制作用,使混合体系中RDX组分常压下的分解峰温后移,而RDX自身分解气相产物的催化作用,使其高压下的分解峰温前移.

  12. El papel del ADN fósil en paleoantropología: Foxp2, neandertales y lenguaje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio BENÍTEZ BURRACO

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de ADN fósil puede ser una importante fuente de evidencia en Paleoantropología, que ayude a arrojar luz sobre la relativa indefinición de varios tipos de evidencias más tradicionales (reconstrucciones de fósiles, etc.. Sin embargo, es necesaria la cautela, puesto que si la evidencia paleogenética no es entendida en sus justos términos, las inferencias extraídas a partir de ella podrían ser tan equívocas como las de tipo más tradicional. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo es precisamente sostener la necesidad de prudencia al tratar de extraer inferencias sobre conducta o cognición a partir del análisis del ADN fósil. El artículo ilustra tal necesidad discutiendo el reciente descubrimiento de la versión moderna del gen FOXP2 en los Neandertales. Muchos paleoantropólogos han considerado que ese descubrimiento podría ser la prueba definitiva de que esa especie tuvo un lenguaje complejo de tipo moderno. Mostramos que no es posible asumir automáticamente esa inferencia, dado que se basa en una visión simplista y reduccionista, que asume, entre otros muchos aspectos, que los genes son agentes causales simples, y que existe una relación directa entre genes y rasgos.

  13. Evaluación del ADN espermático de llamas utilizando azul de toluidina Evaluation of llama sperm dna using toluidine blue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.I Carretero

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El colorante azul de toluidina (AT se une al ADN permitiendo diferenciar espermatozoides de acuerdo al grado de condensación de la cromatina. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron: poner a punto una técnica que evalúe la condensación de la cromatina espermática de llama, determinar los patrones de condensación para la especie mediante la tinción con AT y determinar si es posible utilizar ditíotreitol (DTT como control positivo de la tinción. Se ensayaron 2 tiempos de fijación de las muestras con etanol 96 º (2 y 30 minutos y 3 tiempos de incubación con DTT al 1% (30 seg, 1,5 min y 3 min. Los patrones de coloración observados fueron: coloración celeste (negativos, sin alteración en la condensación normal de la cromatina, violeta claro (intermedios, algún grado de descondensación, violeta oscuro (positivos, alto grado de descondensación. No se observaron diferencias significativas entre los tiempos de fijación tanto en las muestras con y sin DTT. En conclusión, se logró simplificar la técnica de AT y determinar los diferentes patrones en espermatozoides de llama. Se comprobó que la incubación con DTT se puede utilizar como control positivo de la técnica y para evaluar la susceptibilidad de cada individuo a la descondensación in vitro.Toluidine blue stain (TB binds to DNA, allowing differentiation of spermatozoa according to the degree of chromatin condensation. The objectives of this study were to adapt a technique for evaluating sperm chromatin in llamas, determine chromatin condensation patterns in llamas using TB and determine if it is possible to use dithiothreitol (DTT as a positive control for the stain. Two fixation times with ethanol 96° (2 and 30 minutes and 3 incubation times with 1% DTT (30 s, 1.5 min and 3 min were studied. Staining patterns observed were: light blue (negative, without alteration in the normal chromatin condensation, light violet (intermediate, some degree of decondensation, dark violet

  14. Healthcare employers' policies on nurse education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittman, Patricia; Herrera, Carolina-Nicole S; Horton, Katherine; Thompson, Pamela A; Ware, Jamie M; Terry, Margaret

    2013-01-01

    The 2010 recommendation that the proportion of registered nurses with BSN (bachelor of science in nursing) degrees in the nursing workforce should increase from the current 40% to 80% by the year 2020 has shifted the focus on nurses educational progression from state legislatures-where changes in entry-level requirements were debated for decades-to the executive suites of large healthcare providers. The recommendation, contained in the report titled The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing at the Institute of Medicine, suggests that human resources policies for nurses have the potential to double the rates of college degree completions (IOM, 2010). We surveyed 447 nurse executives in hospitals, nurse-led clinics, and home and hospice companies to explore the current practices of healthcare employers with regard to this recommendation. Almost 80% of respondents reported that their institution either preferred or required newly hired nurses to have a bachelor's degree, and 94% of the facilities offered some level of tuition reimbursement. Only 25%, however, required their nurses to earn a BSN or offered salary differentials on the basis of educational attainment (9%). We conclude that if employers are serious about wanting a more highly educated nurse workforce, they need to adopt requirements for degree completion and wage differentials in the coming years. The likelihood that such policies will be widely adopted, however, is dramatically affected by the dynamics of nursing supply and demand.

  15. Analysis in factors influencing satisfaction degree of patients receiving introvenous infusion in outpatient department and its nursing countermeasures%影响门诊注射室静脉输液患者满意度的因素分析及护理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨美

    2009-01-01

    目的 了解影响门诊注射室静脉输液患者满意度的因素,以完善护理工作质量,提高患者满意度. 方法 采用自行设计的问卷对900例门诊注射室静脉输液患者进行调查,并对 结果 进行分析. 结果 发放调查问卷900份,回收有效问卷886份,有效回收率为98.4%.护士操作技术、服务态度及健康教育是影响患者满意度的首要因素. 结论 提高护士素质,增强服务质量,树立"患者第一"的思想,对患者需求的准确把握是提高患者满意度的前提.%Objective To investigate factors influencing satisfaction degree of patients receiving introvenous infusion in out-patient department in order to perfect nursing quality and improve the satisfaction degree of patients. Methods 900 patients receiving introvenous infusion in out-patient department were investigated with self-designed questionnaire and the results went through analysis. Results There were 886 effective responding questionnaires out of 900 with effective rate of 98.4%. The result indicated that the major factors which influenced degree of satisfaction with infusion included operation technique, service attitude and health education of nurses. Conclusions Increase of nurses' diathesis, enhancement of service quality, establishment of concept of "patient as center" are the preconditions to improve the satisfaction degree of patients receiving introvenous infusion in out-patient department.

  16. Comparación de métodos de extracción de ADN en tejidos parafinados y utilidad para amplificación por PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Alonso Baena Del Valle

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLos tejidos fijados en formol e incluidos en parafina son una fuente de material para hallazgos moleculares en el ámbito clínico y científico, demostrándose que el ADN extraído de éstos,  es adecuado para amplificación a través de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (RCP. En este estudio, se ensayaron tres métodos de extracción de ADN en tejidos incluidos en parafina, con el objetivo de comparar la eficiencia de estos para obtener ADN adecuado, además se analizó su utilidad en amplificación por RCP. Se emplearon tres muestras, correspondientes a una biopsia de pulmón, legrado endometrial y ganglio linfático, todas fijadas en formaldehido al 10% e incluidas en parafina. Utilizándose tres métodos diferentes de extracción de ADN (extracción por salting out, método modificado de Sambrook y kit comercial El ADN obtenido se cuantificó por espectrofotometría, además se realizó electroforesis en gel de agarosa al 1%, para comprobar si el ADN era de buena calidad y se  realizó RCP para el exón 3 del gen caveolina 1. Todos los métodos dieron como resultado una buen producto de ADN genómico, observándose mayor cantidad y pureza en los métodos de salting out y kit comercial, asimismo se obtuvo amplificación del producto esperado por estos dos métodos, no hubo buenos resultados con el ADN extraído por el método modificado "Preparation of Genomic DNA from Mouse Tails y Other Small samples, según Sambrook”. El ADN obtenido a partir de tejidos FFIP puede ser amplificado por varios métodos, entre estos, la extracción por salting out es útil y con poca toxicidad,  permite obtener ADN de buena calidad para amplificación por RCP. Abstract Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues are a source of important molecular findings in clinical and scientific, demonstrating that the DNA extracted from these is suitable for amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. In this study, we tested three methods of

  17. The Relationship between Selected Variables and the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses: A Comparative Analysis of Pass/Fail Performance for Traditional and Second-Degree Baccalaureate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, Nadine Cozzo

    2009-01-01

    This retrospective study was conducted to examine the relationship between selected variables and performance on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Data were collected from one hundred twenty graduates of a baccalaureate program; graduates completed either the traditional four-year track or an accelerated…

  18. Evaluación de métodos de extracción de ADN para detección de Listeria monocytogenes en productos cárnicos

    OpenAIRE

    Lina López DA.; Carlos Mejía G.

    2012-01-01

    RESUMENObjetivo. Evaluar dos procedimientos para la extracción de ADN de Listeria monocytogenes a partir de muestras de alimentos contaminados artificialmente. Materiales y métodos. Se evaluaron diferentes métodos de extracción en cultivos puros de L. monocytogenes. Los métodos con mejores resultados fueron evaluados en muestras de alimentos cárnicos (jamón, salchicha y chorizo) contaminados artificialmente. Para evaluar la calidad del ADN extraído se determinó la concentración de ADN, la rel...

  19. ADN-1184, a monoaminergic ligand with 5-HT6/7 receptor antagonist action, exhibits activity in animal models of anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Partyka, Anna; Wasik, Anna; Jastrzębska-Więsek, Magdalena; Mierzejewski, Paweł; Bieńkowski, Przemysław; Kołaczkowski, Marcin; Wesołowska, Anna

    2016-06-01

    Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) include apathy, sleep problems, irritability, wandering, elation, agitation/aggression, and mood disorders such as depression and/or anxiety. Elderly patients are usually treated with second-generation antipsychotics; however, they present not enough efficacy against all symptoms observed. Hence, there still is an unmet need for novel pharmacotherapeutic agents targeted BPSD. A novel arylsulfonamide derivative ADN-1184 has been developed that possesses a preclinical profile of activity corresponding to criteria required for treatment of both psychosis and depressive symptoms of BPSD without exacerbating cognitive impairment or inducing motor disturbances. To broaden its pharmacological efficacy toward anxiety symptoms, its anxiolytic properties have been examined in common animal preclinical models in rats and mice. ADN-1184 significantly increased the number of entries into open arms measured in the elevated plus-maze test; however, it simultaneously increased parameters of exploratory activity. In the Vogel conflict drinking test, ADN-1184 dose-dependently and significantly increased the number of shocks accepted and the number of licks. Moreover, in mice, it also had specific anxiolytic-like activity in the four-plate test, and only negligible one at a specific mid-range dose measured in the spontaneous marble burying test. The obtained findings reveal that ADN-1184 displays anxiolytic-like activity in animal models of anxiety which employed punished stimuli. In its unusual combination of some anxiolytic action with already proven antipsychotic and antidepressant properties, and lack of any disruptive impact on learning and memory processes and motor coordination, ADN-1184 displays a profile that would be desired for a novel therapeutic for BPSD.

  20. Transformación de la aflatoxina B1 de alimentos, en el cancerígeno humano, aducto AFB1-ADN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magda Carvajal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Las aflatoxinas (AF son metabolitos secundarios tóxicos principalmente de los hongos Aspergillus flavus y A. parasiticus, son potentes mutágenos y cancerígenos de alimentos y la exposición del hombre a ellas es continuo. Las AF se ligan al ADN, ARN y proteínas formando aductos AFB1-ADN que se acumulan por años y dañan desde los virus hasta el hombre. Es importante identificar y cuantificar estos aductos como biomarcadores de largo tiempo de riesgo de enfermedad, ya que originan mutaciones y cáncer, y están validados en animales y humanos. Las AF se activan en presencia del citocromo P450 como una molécula inestable 8,9 epóxido AFB1, que se liga al N7 de la guanina, y se transforma en los cancerígenos activos o aductos AFB1-Gua y, finalmente, en los aductos AFB1-FAPY y son una medida objetiva de la exposición humana a cancerígenos ambientales. Los aductos representan la exposición, absorción, distribución, metabolismo, reparación del ADN y cambio celular. Los temas tratados aquí son la formación de aductos AFB1-ADN, estudios in vitro e in vivo, exposición a una dieta con AFB1, efectos, desarrollo de cáncer y mutaciones en el gen supresor p53, rutas de exposición, vitaminas, tipos de aducto AFB1-ADN, metodología y su control.

  1. Current Factors Contributing to Professionalism in Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wynd, Christine A.

    2003-01-01

    Statistical analyses of responses from 774 of 1,850 registered nurses on the Professionalism Inventory found that professionalism was related to years of experience as a nurse, higher education degrees in nursing, organizational membership and service as an officer, and specialty certification. (Contains 52 references.) (SK)

  2. Secuencia parcial de un fragmento de ADN de patos silvestres homologo al Complejo Mayor de

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González-Guzmán Sofía

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa variación individual de la respuesta inmune esta ligada a ladiversidad funcional y estructural del MHC (por sus siglas en inglesMajor Histocompatibility Complex, TcR (Receptores de células T,inmunoglobulinas (anticuerpos, citoquininas, TNF (por sus siglas eningles Tumor Necrosis Factor, entre otras proteínas. Estas proteínasestán codificadas por múltiples y polimórficos genes, la variabilidad de estos genes constituyen las principales bases, en las variaciones de la resistencia a determinada enfermedad o enfermedades. Estascaracterísticas se han documentado en la gallina doméstica, pero no enel pato. En el presente trabajo se amplifico por PCR un fragmento denucleótidos de ADN genómico de pato doméstico que compartió un100% de similitud con un fragmento del MHC clase II de pollo, quecorrespondió a una secuencia similar a DAB1 (Disabled 1.La secuencia DAB1 también fue amplificada en nueve especies de patos silvestres del género Anas que posterior a un análisis por el polimorfismo del largo de los fragmentos de restricción (PLFR con las enzimas RsaI, BsrI y HindIII, se observó que la especie Anas americana,Anas platyrhynchos diazi y Anas platyrhynchos domesticus fueronsutilmente diferentes a la especie Anas discors, Anas crecca, Anascyanoptera, Anas acuta, Anas streptera y Anas clypeata. Hasta dondesabemos, este es el primer reporte que indica la presencia desecuencias similares a DAB1 en patos silvestres. Este estudio podríaayudar a entender porque los patos podrían ser menos susceptibles apresentar neoplasias que en las gallinas.SummaryThe individual response of the immune system is linked to the functional and structural diversity of the MHC (Major Histocompatibility Complex, TcR (T cell receptor, inmunoglobulines (antibodies, citokines, TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor, among other proteins. These proteins are coded for multiple and polymorphic genes, the variability of these genes constitutes the main bases, in the

  3. El ADN de la marca. La concepción de sus valores intangibles en un contexto dialogado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Alberto Orozco Toro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aún hoy, en plena sociedad del conocimiento, se tienen límites conceptuales en relación con aspectos tan fundamentales como la identidad, la imagen y la reputación de marca. Incluso donde mayores dificultades se presentan es en las posibilidades de evaluación y medición de cada uno de estos conceptos ligados con la reputación empresarial. Así, la marca, como el elemento fundamental de las empresas del presente siglo, se ve obligada a indagar nuevas formas de interpretar sus acciones estratégicas, con el único objetivo de continuar conformando la estructura de la marca, el ADN que la diferencia y que le permite contrastar sus resultados a partir de evaluaciones y mediciones fiables, en un contexto donde la transparencia, ante el alud de comunicación, se plantea casi como una exigencia.

  4. Modelado molecular de la interacción de fármacos antitumorales y nucleasas con el ADN

    OpenAIRE

    Bueren Calabuig, Juan Antonio

    2011-01-01

    Premio Extraordinario de Doctorado de la UAH en 2013 Los métodos computacionales están convirtiéndose en herramientas muy importantes en ciertas áreas de la investigación como la caracterización de sitios de unión de ligandos a proteínas, acoplamiento de pequeñas moléculas en sitios de unión al ADN y proteínas y simulaciones de dinámica molecular. Los resultados obtenidos aportan información que, a veces, está más allá de las posibilidades puramente experimentales y pueden usarse para gui...

  5. Inactivacion de virus ADN envueltos en la producción de hemoderivados (Albúmina e Inmunoglobulinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Juan Ruibal Brunet

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la inactivación del virus herpes simple humano tipo 1 como modelo de virus ADN envueltos, durante las etapas de producción de las inmunoglobulinas intramuscular e intravenosa y la albúmina humana, las etapas del método de fraccionamiento alcohólico para la obtención de estos productos, así como los métodos de remoción y/o inactivación introducidos en el proceso de manufactura, pasteurización y cromatografía de intercambio iónico. El virus se cuantificó por efecto citopático. La obtención de valores de reducción acumulativos reportados en este trabajo demuestran que el método de fraccionamiento alcohólico utilizado en Cuba como variante del método de Cohn-Oncley, combinando métodos de inactivación/remoción, produce un nivel de inactivación de virus ADN envueltos que garantiza una alta seguridad biológica de estos productos para su uso en humanos.Inactivation of human herpes simplex virus I asa model of enveloped DNA virus was studied in the stages of production of intramuscular/ intravenous inmunoglobulins and human albumin, in the phases of alcohol fractionation for obtaining these products, and in the methods of removal and/or inactivation implemented in manufacture, pasteurization and ion - exchange chromatography. The virus was quantified by cytophatic effects. The cumulative reduction values reported in this paper proved that the use of alcohol fractionation in Cuba, as a variant of Cohn - Oncley method, combined with removal/inactivation procedures resulted in enveloped DNA virus inactivation assuring high biological safety for albumin and immunoglobulins for their use in human beings.

  6. Comparación de dos métodos de extracción de adn a partir de plantas del género solanum, subgénero leptostemonum.

    OpenAIRE

    Isabel Cristina Cadavid Sánchez; Doris Amanda Rosero García; Sandra Inés Uribe Soto

    2013-01-01

    Título en ingles: Comparison of two ADN extraction methods from plants belonging Solanum genus Leptostemonumsubgenus.Título corto: Extracción de ADN de SolanumResumen: Se evaluaron dos métodos para la extracción de ADN en plantas del género Solanum, con el fin de obtener ADN disponible y de buena calidad para la obtención de secuencias. El producto comercial DNeasy® Plant Mini Kit se comparó con un método que incluye el uso de una solución tampón de lisis. Para este último método también se e...

  7. Comparación de dos métodos de extracción de adn a partir de plantas del género solanum, subgénero leptostemonum.

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Título en ingles: Comparison of two ADN extraction methods from plants belonging Solanum genus Leptostemonumsubgenus.Título corto: Extracción de ADN de SolanumResumen: Se evaluaron dos métodos para la extracción de ADN en plantas del género Solanum, con el fin de obtener ADN disponible y de buena calidad para la obtención de secuencias. El producto comercial DNeasy® Plant Mini Kit se comparó con un método que incluye el uso de una solución tampón de lisis. Para este último método también se e...

  8. Some Aspects of Burnout in Nursing Homes

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Nursing personnel in nursing homes for elderly citizens are exposed to a number of factors that contribute to possible burnout syndrome. For this reason, the set objective of the research was to measure the degree of burnout, check the correlation between the burnout syndrome and satisfaction at work, and psychosomatic symptoms, as well as to figure out the main characteristics of burnout syndrome among the nursing personnel in nursing homes for the elderly in Slovenia.

  9. Nursing administration graduate programs in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Elaine S

    2007-11-01

    Providing nursing administrators with excellent educational programming is imperative for the profession. The author analyzes trends in nursing administration education in the United States and how they compare with standards and future recommendations for graduate curricula. The degrees conferred, curricula, hours of study, and educational modalities are examined in 57 master's degrees in nursing programs with concentrations in administration.

  10. Extracción y purificación de ADN a partir de muestras de saliva: Un avance diagnóstico en el paciente pediátrico

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Frías, Olaya

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo general de este trabajo es la puesta a punto en la práctica diaria del laboratorio de un nuevo método de obtención de ADN a partir de muestras de saliva. Para ello se pondrá de manifiesto su rendimiento, valorando sus ventajas e inconvenientes respecto al método que tradicionalmente está siendo empleado, la extracción de ADN a partir de muestras de sangre.

  11. Extracción y purificación de ADN a partir de muestras de saliva: Un avance diagnóstico en el paciente pediátrico

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Frías, Olaya

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo general de este trabajo es la puesta a punto en la práctica diaria del laboratorio de un nuevo método de obtención de ADN a partir de muestras de saliva. Para ello se pondrá de manifiesto su rendimiento, valorando sus ventajas e inconvenientes respecto al método que tradicionalmente está siendo empleado, la extracción de ADN a partir de muestras de sangre.

  12. Mapping Nursing Pathways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melanie Birks

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Articulated education pathways between the vocational education training sector and universities provide opportunities for students wishing to progress to higher qualifications. Enrolled nurses seeking to advance their career in nursing can choose to enter baccalaureate degree programs through such alternative entry routes. Awarding of credit for prior studies is dependent on accurate assessment of the existing qualification against that which is sought. This study employed a modified Delphi method to inform the development of an evidence-based, structured approach to mapping the pathway from the nationally consistent training package of the Diploma of Nursing to the diversity of baccalaureate nursing programs across Australia. The findings of this study reflect the practical nature of the role of the enrolled nurse, particularly the greater emphasis placed on direct care activities as opposed to those related to professional development and the generation and use of evidence. These findings provide a valuable summative overview of the relationship between the Diploma of Nursing and the expectations of the registered nurse role.

  13. Web-Based Learning: A Bridge to Meet the Needs of Canadian Nurses for Doctoral Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurucz, Sue; Rietze, Lori; Lim, Angie; Swamy, Mindy

    2015-01-01

    Canada does not have enough nurses with doctoral degrees. Such nurses fill important roles as researchers, educators, leaders, and clinicians. While a growing number of Canadian universities offer doctorate degrees in nursing, most institutions have only traditional on-campus programs, posing barriers for nurses who reside in places geographically…

  14. 持续护理质量改进对门诊预检分诊准确率及满意度的影响%Effects of Continuous Nursing Quality Improvement on the Accuracy and Degree of Satisfaction of Preview and Triage in OPD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀兰; 刘江

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effects of continuous nursing quality improvement on the accu-racy and degree of satisfaction of preview and triage in OPD,to elevate the quality of care in OPD.Method:Continuous nursing quality improvement was implemented from Mar.to Aug.2013, 100 patients were ran-domly selected from Jan.to Feb.2013 ( anterior group) and June to July 2013 ( later group) respectively, and the accuracies and degrees of satisfaction of preview and triage in OPD were compared.Result:The ac-curacy of preview and triage in OPD in the patients of the later group was 97.00%, while that of the anterior group was 90.00%, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05) .All the scores of the scale of degree of satisfaction in the patient of the later group were significantly higher than those of the anterior group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion: Continuous nursing quality improvement can significantly elevate the accuracy and degree of satisfaction of preview and triage in OPD and elevate the quality of care in OPD.%目的:持续护理质量改进对门诊预检分诊准确率及满意度的影响,提高门诊护理质量。方法:2013年3~8月实施持续护理质量改进措施,分别截取2013年1至2月和2013年6至7月两个时段,每个时间段随机抽取100例患者,比较门诊预检分诊准确率及满意度。结果:实施后组患者门诊预检分诊准确率97.00%,实施前组为90.00%,二者比较差异有统计学意义( P<0.05)。实施后组患者满意度量表各项评分均明显高于实施前组,差异均有统计学意义( P<0.05)。结论:持续护理质量改进够明显提高门诊预检分诊准确率及患者满意度,提高门诊护理质量。

  15. ADN无机法合成及分离纯化研究%Inorganic Synthesis of ADN and Its Separation and Purification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘愆; 王伯周; 张海昊; 廉鹏; 王锡杰; 贾思媛

    2006-01-01

    以氨基磺酸为起始原料,经氢氧化钾中和获得氨基磺酸钾,然后用硝硫混酸低温硝化、氨气中和合成了二硝酰胺铵盐(ADN),初步探索了硝化反应温度对收率的影响.采用活性炭吸附的方法对ADN进行了有效的分离纯化,对活性炭用量、洗脱速度、洗脱终点、解吸方式等进行了研究,获得纯度为99.8%的ADN.

  16. 混酸法合成ADN的分离纯化工艺研究%Separation and Purification of ADN Synthesized by Mixed Acid Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海洲; 许华新; 李宁; 王学敏; 陈金中

    2009-01-01

    二硝酰胺铵(ADN)是一种高能高燃速和不含氯元素的新型氧化剂,混酸法合成ADN时会生成大量的无机盐副产物,采用活性炭吸附的方法可以对ADN进行有效的分离纯化.对活性炭的种类、吸附溶剂的种类、解吸溶剂的利类、吸附浓度、吸附方式进行了研究,并确定了较佳的工艺条件,制备了质最分数达99.5%以上的ADN.

  17. Estandarización de un protocolo sencillo para la extracción de adn genómico de levaduras

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Standardising a simple protocol for extracting yeast from genomic DNA Resumen: Se estandarizó un protocolo rápido, sencillo y de bajo costo para la extracción de ADN genómico de levaduras a partir de lisis de la pared celular mediante tratamiento enzimático y precipitación por alcoholes. El empleo de la enzima Beta-glucoronidasa en reemplazo de la enzima Zimolasa, permitió obtener ADN en alta concentración (124,9±30,2 ng/μl) y de buena calidad (A260/A280 nm =1,86±0,1), ideal para su uso en e...

  18. Diseño e implementación de un analizador de secuencias de ADN obtenidas por recombinación

    OpenAIRE

    BONORA SORIANO, JOSE

    2015-01-01

    [ES] El objetivo de este trabajo es el diseño e implementación de una aplicación capaz de reconocer y dar solución al problema de recombinación de las cadenas de ADN, es decir, establecer si a partir de unas cadenas madre de ADN, o partes de estas, sería posible formar otra cadena dada. Y en caso de que la solución sea afirmativa, formular cómo ha sido dada. Se implementara usando un autómata finito no determinista y técnicas de programación dinámica. Todo esto, en un entorno g...

  19. 优质护理服务对分泌性中耳炎患儿舒适度的影响%Effect of high quality nursing service on comfort degree of patients with secretory otitis media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翠萍

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过对于分泌型中耳炎患儿采取优质护理服务,研究对患儿舒适度的作用。方法选取我院收治的96例分泌型中耳炎患儿作为研究对象,随机将其分为两组,对照组在围手术期采取日常护理措施,实验组采取优质护理服务,比较两组所取得的效果。结果由于实验组在对照组的基础上采取优质护理服务,使得各项指标均优于对照组,提高了中耳炎的治愈率,降低了并发症的发生率,增强了患儿的舒适度及家属的满意度,与对照组之间具有显著性差异(P<0.05)具有统计学意义。结论经对比研究可得,对于分泌型中耳炎患儿采取优质护理服务,能够显著提高患儿的舒适度及治疗效果,值得在临床工作中推广应用。%Objective: Through take high quality nursing service for children with secretory otitis media type, research on the function of children with comfort.Methods:Select our hospital 96 cases of children with secretory otitis media type as the research object, it can be divided into two groups at random, the control group in perioperative nurse daily measures, the experi-mental group to take high quality nursing service, compare the effect it has in the two groups.Results: As the experimental group in the control group on the basis of high quality nursing service, makes the indicators are better than control group, improved the otitis media the cure rate, reduce the incidence of the complications, enhance the comfort of children and families of satisfaction, and between the control group with significant difference (P<0.05), with statistical significance.Conclusion:The contrast re-search, take high quality nursing service for children with secretory otitis media type, can significantly improve the patient's com-fort and the treatment effect, is worthy of popularization and application in the clinical work.

  20. Developing PhD Nurse Scientists: Do Bachelor of Science in Nursing Honors Programs Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuberger, Geri B

    2016-10-01

    The critical need for more nurses with research doctoral degrees to replace vacancies among retiring nursing faculty and nurse administrators is identified. The Future of Nursing report recommends that the number of nurses with PhD degrees double by 2020. Encouraging nursing students to begin doctoral education early in their careers is essential to meeting this goal now and in the future. One method to promote early enrollment into doctoral education is participation in a bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) honors program. We describe the recruitment and application process, mentor selection, scholarly activities, and publication of final manuscripts for one such program. The success of one BSN honors program in enabling graduation with university honors and encouraging enrollment and graduation with doctoral degrees is described. The development of more BSN Honors programs and enhancement of activities of current programs are recommended. [J Nurs Educ. 2016;55(10):579-582.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  1. Evaluación de varias técnicas de extracción de ADN de Cryptococcus spp. a partir de muestras ambientales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Castañeda

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available El género Cryptococcus comprende, al menos, 38 especies, pero sólo 3 se han informado como patógenas para el hombre y los animales: Cryptococcus laurentii, Cryptococcus albidus y Cryptococcus neoformans; esta última es la más frecuente. La infección se adquiere por la inhalación de los propágulos infectantes del medio ambiente. Los estudios del hábitat se han realizado con técnicas de extracción con soluciones tampón y cultivos en medios selectivos. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar varias técnicas de extracción del ADN de Cryptococcus spp. a partir de muestras ambientales. Como controles se emplearon aislamientos de C. neoformans, C. albidus, C. laurentii y Paracoccidiodes brasiliensis. Se emplearon vermiculitas, suelos contaminados en el laboratorio con 10 a 106 blastoconidias/g y muestras naturalmente colonizadas con C. neoformans. El ADN se extrajo con métodos físicos, químicos y con un estuche comercial, y se purificó usando bloques de agarosa y columnas de sílica. Para la amplificación con PCR se emplearon los iniciadores CN4-CN5 específicos para C. neoformans. Sólo el estuche comercial permitió extraer y purificar el ADN de las muestras de suelos contaminados hasta una concentración de 10 blastoconidias/g de suelo y de una de las muestras naturalmente colonizadas. Con este trabajo se logró la extracción y amplificación de ADN de Cryptococcus spp. a partir de muestras ambientales lo cual constituye una herramienta importante para delimitar las áreas ecológicas de C. neoformans en nuestro país.

  2. Estructura y función del ADN y de los genes. I Tipos de alteraciones de la función del gen por mutaciones

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martínez-Frías, M.L

    2010-01-01

    ... entre las bases que determina sus uniones. Sin embargo, en la molécula del ácido ribonucléico (ARN), la T es substituida por el uracilo (U). En el ADN, los dos extremos de los «esqueletos» de las dos cadenas complementarias de unidades «fosfato-desoxirribosa-base nitrogenada» (llamadas nucleótidos) terminan en un grupo fosfato en uno de los extremos...

  3. The External Degree.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houle, Cyril O.

    This book examines the external degree in relation to the extremes of attitudes, myths, and data. Emphasis is placed on the emergence of the American external degree, foreign external-degree programs, the purpose of the external degree, the current scene, institutional issues, and problems of general policy. (MJM)

  4. 聚氨酯黏合剂包覆球形ADN的性能研究%Properties of Prilled Ammonium Dinitramide (ADN)Coated by Polyurethane Binders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥会祥; 廖林泉; 刘愆; 李勇宏; 冉秀伦; 赵凤起

    2008-01-01

    为降低球形二硝酰胺铵(ADN)的吸湿性,采用聚氨酯黏合剂对其进行包覆.用扫描电镜(SEM)和称重法分析了包覆后ADN的表面形貌和吸湿性,结果表明,聚氨酯黏合剂在ADN表面形成絮状的包覆膜,使包覆后ADN的吸湿率明显小于包覆前ADN,在相对湿度60%以下,包覆后ADN在空气中暴露30天时吸湿率仅0.136%,吸湿率不随时间增加.热分析和机械感度测试表明,聚氨酯黏合剂对ADN的熔点、分解峰温、分解热焓的影响较小,但使ADN的机械感度增加,包覆前后ADN的摩擦感度分别为30%和60%,撞击感度(H50)分别为30.5 cm和27.8 cm.

  5. 本科护理学专业学生学习适应行为与学校环境因素认可度的相关研究%Investigation of the correlations between the academic adjustment behavior and school environment of bachelor degree nursing students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿笑微; 孙宏玉; 郑修霞

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlations between the academic adjustment behavior and school environment of bachelor degree nursing students by using questionnaires, and offer some evidence for further teaching reform. Methods A sample of 491 bachelor degree nursing students from 3 nursing schools with 5year program in Beijing and Tianjin was collected in the study. Data were analyzed using the methods of statistics. Results Students have a high score of staff evaluation and classmate evaluation than conditions evaluation and courses evaluation. General evaluation, staff evaluation and classmate evaluation have direct effect on academic adjustment behaviors. Conclusions Academic adjustment behavior can be improved by enhancing evaluations toward school environment, staff and classmate particularly. Nursing educators should make efforts to change school environment according to student' need, and use effect methods to enhance students' academic adjustment behavior.%目的 了解本科护理学专业学生学习适应行为与学校环境因素认可度之间的相关关系.方法 采用自设问卷对北京、天津3所高等院校中一年级~四年级五年制本科护理学专业491名学生进行了有关调查.结果 本科护理学专业学生对同伴因素和教学因素的认可度较好,对综合因素、课程因素的认可度相对较差;学校环境因素认可度中总体评价、教师因素、同伴因素三方面的认可度对学生学习适应行为有直接影响.结论 通过提高学生对于教师因素、同伴因素的认可度可以促进学生良好学习适应行为的产生.提示护理教育者应当充分考虑学生的需求,进一步改善学校环境因素中的教师因素和同伴因素,以提高学生良好的学习适应行为.

  6. lnfluence of humanized nursing on the pain degree and stress response of patients undergoing thyroid operation%人性化护理对甲状腺手术患者疼痛程度及应激反应的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋玉芹

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the influence of humanized nursing on the pain degree and stress response of patients undergoing thyroid operation. Methods:72 patients With thyroid operation Were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group(36 cases in each group). The routine nursing care Was taKen in the control group and the humanized nursing intervention Was additionally pro_vided for the patients in the observation group. Results:The postoperative stress response of the patients Was milder in the observation group than the control group(P < O. O5);the SAS and SDS scores Were significantly loWer after the intervention than those before the intervention and they Were loWer in the observation group than the control group after the intervention(P < O. O5);the pain degree of patients Was sig_nificantly loWer in the observation groups than the control group(P < O. O5). Conclusion:The humanized nursing intervention can effective_ly relieve the pain and stress response of patients With thyroid operation.%目的:探讨人性化护理干预对甲状腺手术患者疼痛程度及应激反应的影响。方法:将72例甲状腺手术患者随机分为观察组与对照组各36例,对照组采取常规护理,观察组在常规护理基础上给予人性化护理干预。结果:观察组患者术后应激反应轻于对照组(P < O. O5);干预后 SAS、SDS 评分明显低于干预前及对照组干预后(P < O. O5);患者疼痛程度明显低于对照组(P <O. O5)。结论:人性化护理干预能有效减轻甲状腺手术患者疼痛程度及应激反应。

  7. 四川省护理人员对灾害护理培训内容重要性的认同度分析%Analysis on the degree of Sichuan nursing staff's recognition to the importance of disaster nursing training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘素珍; 成翼娟; 李继平

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解四川省护理人员对灾害护理培训内容重要性的认识,确定灾害护理培训效果,为后期培训设置提供参考.方法 采用问卷调查法,在培训结束后收集学员对培训内容重要性的认识,包括地震伤员急救护理、地震伤员骨科护理、灾民和救护人员心理护理、地震伤员康复护理和灾后灾民健康管理5个维度.结果 学员对灾害护理培训内容重要性认识的总分为(2.95±0.11)分,各维度得分均>2.90分;不同职称、职位、所在地区及是否参与救护的护士对康复护理、灾民健康管理及心理护理维度的重要性认识存在统计学差异(P<0.01 或P<0.05).结论 学员高度认可培训内容对其工作的重要性,培训满足了护士灾害护理的培训需求.%Objective To identify the recognition to the importance of disaster nursing training among nurses in Sichuan province and to determine the effects of training so as to provide the reference for further training. Methods The trainee's awareness of the importance of the training were investigated with a self - designed questionnaire after the course. The questionnaire included 5 dimensions,which were emergency nursing,orthopedic nursing,psychological nursing for victims and rescuers,rehabilitation nursing and health management for victims. Results The total score of the awareness of importance was (2.95 ± 0.11 ). The scores of all 5 dimensions were over 2.90. The factors of professional titles,positions,locations and whether the nurse had participated in rescue had significantly influence on the importance awareness of rehabilitation nursing,health management and psychological nursing for victims and rescuers (P<0. 01 or P <0.05). Conclusion The trainees highly recognize the importance of disaster nursing training for their future work. The training course can meet nurses'needs for disaster nursing.

  8. Nuclear DNA content in Galaxias maculatus (Teleostei: Osmeriformes: Galaxiidae Contenido de ADN nuclear en Galaxias maculatus (Teleostei: Osmeriformes: Galaxiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Jara-Seguel

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The nuclear DNA content (2C value was determined in the commercial fish Galaxias maculatus (Galaxiidae was determined by microdensitometry of erythrocyte nuclei after Feulgen staining; rainbow trout erythrocytes with a known 2C value were used as a standard. The 2C value of G. maculatus was 2.21 ± 0.12 pg and its C value was equivalent to 1.105 pg (1,082.9 Mbp. This C value is within the range recorded for other osmeriform species (0.62-3.2 pg. The average sperm head diameter of G. maculatus is lower than the average sperm head diameter of rainbow trout (used as a standard, which coincides with the differences observed in the nuclear DNA content of both species. This information increases the genome data available for G. maculatus and might be useful in future programs dealing with its genetic manipulation.El contenido de ADN nuclear (valor 2C fue determinado en el pez comercial Galaxias maculatus (Galaxiidae usando microdensitometría de núcleos de eritrocitos sometidos a tinción de Feulgen, utilizando como estándar eritrocitos de trucha arco iris con un valor 2C conocido. El valor 2C de G. maculatus fue 2,21 ± 0,12 pg y su valor C es equivalente a 1,105 pg (1.082,9 pMb. Este valor C está dentro del rango registrado para otras especies de osmeriformes (0,62-3,2 pg. El diámetro promedio de la cabeza del espermatozoide de G. maculatus es menor al promedio descrito para la trucha arco iris utilizado como estándar, lo que coincide con las diferencias observadas en el contenido de ADN nuclear entre ambas especies. Estos datos contribuyen a ampliar los antecedentes genómicos disponibles para G. maculatus y podrían ser útiles en futuros programas tendientes a su manipulación genética.

  9. Diversidad genética de poblaciones de ajo (Allium sativum L. cultivadas en Guatemala, definida por marcadores de ADN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Uber Rosales-Longo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Diversidad genética de las poblaciones de ajo (Allium sativum L. cultivadas en Gua temala, definida por mar cado res de ADN. En Guatemala es escasa la in for ma ción sobre la diversidad genética de ajo. Los objetivos del estudio fueron: incidir en el mejoramiento de Allium sativum, so bre la base del conocimiento de su variabilidad genética, así mismo, establecer una colección in vi tro de la co lec ción de las poblaciones cultivadas en Guatemala. Los experimentos fueron realizados entre octubre de 2005 y marzo de 2006. La determinación de las variaciones de ADN se realizaron me dian te la téc ni ca de AFLP™. La información se analiza por medio de análisis de componentes principales, análisis de coordenadas principales y análisis de conglomerados. Mediante la inspección de los pro duc tos de AFLP™ y análi sis estadísticos, se detectó una alta variabilidad genética entre los materiales vegetales colectados. Las muestras clasificadas co mo del ti po “Chi leno”, correspondieron a los tipos “Criollo”. Nueve bien diferenciados grupos genéticos se conformaron en un dendrograma y se con fir mó que la diversidad genética descubierta es una función del lugar don de se cul ti van las po bla cio nes de ajo. Se identificó una mayor diversidad genética entre las mues tras de ajo del ti po “Crio llo” que las que se tienen en tre los ma te ria les del ti po “Chileno”, como producto de la mayor dispersión espacial de los primeros. Los materiales genéticos de ajo se encuentran actualmente preservados en un Banco de Germoplasma in vi tro en la Uni dad de Bio tec no lo gía del IC TA.

  10. Impaired endothelial function and insulin action in first-degree relatives of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Mette P; Højbjerre, Lise; Alibegovic, Amra A

    2009-01-01

    . Forearm blood flow (FBF) was measured by venous occlusion plethysmography upon stimulation with systemic hyperinsulinemia (291 +/- 11 pmol/L, pooled data from both groups) and upon intraarterial infusion of adenosine (ADN) and acetylcholine (ACH) +/- hyperinsulinemia. Forearm blood flow response to ADN...... and ACH was less in FDR vs CON (P ADN in CON (P

  11. Nursing care community health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Acosta-Salazar

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Process Nursing Care (PAE is a systematic tool that facilitates the scientificity of care in community practice nurse, the application of scientific method in community practice, allows nursing to provide care in logical, systematic and comprehensive reassessing interventions to achieve the proposed results. It began with the valuation of Marjory Gordon Functional Patterns and then at the stage of diagnosis and planning North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA, Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC and Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC is interrelate. It is a descriptive and prospective study. Diagnosis was made by applying the instruments measuring scale of the socio-demographic characteristics, symptom questionnaire for early detection of mental disorders in the community and appreciation for functional patterns. The PAE includes more frequent diagnoses, criteria outcomes, indicators, interventions and activities to manage community issues. alteration was evidenced in patterns: Adaptation and Stress Tolerance, Self-perception-Self-concept-, Role-Relationships, sleep and rest and Perception and Health Management. A standardized NANDA-NIC-NOC can provide inter care holistic care from the perspective of community mental health with a degree of scientific nature that frames the professional work projecting the individual, family and community care.

  12. Nursing Reclaims its Role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diers, Donna

    1982-01-01

    An attempt is made to explain the nurses' role: what the nurse is, what the nurse does, how the nurse is viewed by society, why nurses suffer burnout, nursing costs, and health care system reform. (CT)

  13. Estandarización de un protocolo sencillo para la extracción de ADN genómico de levaduras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Osorio-Cadavid

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Standardising a simple protocol for extracting yeast from genomic DNA Resumen: Se estandarizó un protocolo rápido, sencillo y de bajo costo para la extracción de ADN genómico de levaduras a partir de lisis de la pared celular mediante tratamiento enzimático y precipitación por alcoholes. El empleo de la enzima Beta-glucoronidasa en reemplazo de la enzima Zimolasa, permitió obtener ADN en alta concentración (124,9±30,2 ng/μl y de buena calidad (A260/A280 nm =1,86±0,1, ideal para su uso en estudios de biología molecular. Además, se adicionó un paso de incubación del ADN obtenido a 100° C para inactivar ADNasas. La calidad del ADN obtenido fue evaluada por medio de la amplificación de la región ITS1-5.8S-ITS2, presentando bandas definidas y cuantificables (entre 380 y 880 pb ideales para estudios de identificación molecular y filogenia.Palabras clave: levadura; extracción de ADN; Beta-Glucoronidasa. Abstract: A quick, simple and low-cost protocol for extracting genomic DNA from yeast by cell wall lysis involving enzymatic treatment and alcoholic precipitation was standardised. Higher DNA yields (124.9±30.2 ng/μl were obtained by using beta-glucuronidase instead of zymolyase; these had very high quality (A260/A280 nm = 1.86±0.1 and would be suitable for use in molecular biology assays. Moreover, a DNAse inactivation step was also introduced by incubation at 100 °C to further ensure DNA stability. DNA quality was assayed by PCR amplification of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region, revealing defined, quantifiable 380 to 880 bp bands. These results show that the protocol is ideal for molecular identification and phylogenetic studies.Key words: Yeast; DNA extraction; beta-glucoronidase.

  14. The impact of full nursing interventions on the degree of anxiety,compatibility and postoperative complications in renal biopsy patients%全程护理干预对肾穿刺活检术患者焦虑程度、术中配合程度及术后并发症的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜露

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the impact of full nursing interventions on the degree of anxiety,compatibility and postoperative complications in renal biopsy patients. Methods From May 2012 to June 2014 in the Third People's Hospital of Chongqing,92 renal biopsy patients were selected and randomly divided into study group(n = 46)and control group(n = 46). The control group were given routine nursing,the study group were given full nursing intervention,self - rating anxiety scale (SAS)score,intraoperative cooperation and the incidence of complications between the two groups were compared. Results Befor nursing,SAS scores between the two groups showed no significant differences(P ﹥ 0. 05);after nursing,SAS score of the study group were lower than the control group,the difference was statistically significant(P ﹤ 0. 05);intraoperative cooper-ation of the study group was higher than the control group,incidence of complications was lower than the control group,the differences were statistically significant(P ﹤ 0. 05). Conclusion Full nursing intervention can significantly improve the living quality and intraoperative cooperation of renal biopsy patients,reduce the degree of anxiety and incidence of complications.%目的:研究全程护理干预对肾穿刺活检术患者焦虑程度、术中配合程度及术后并发症的影响。方法选取2012年5月—2014年6月于重庆市第三人民医院接受治疗的92例肾穿刺活检术患者,随机分为研究组46例和对照组46例,对照组采用常规护理,研究组采用全程护理干预。比较两组患者护理前后焦虑自评量表( SAS)评分、术中配合程度以及并发症发生情况。结果护理前,两组患者 SAS 评分比较,差异无统计学意义(P ﹥0.05);护理后,研究组患者 SAS 评分低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P ﹤0.05)。研究组配合度高于对照组,并发症发生率低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P ﹤0.05)。结论

  15. Organization of Hospital Nursing, Provision of Nursing Care, and Patient Experiences With Care in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruyneel, Luk; Li, Baoyue; Ausserhofer, Dietmar; Lesaffre, Emmanuel; Dumitrescu, Irina; Smith, Herbert L; Sloane, Douglas M; Aiken, Linda H; Sermeus, Walter

    2015-12-01

    This study integrates previously isolated findings of nursing outcomes research into an explanatory framework in which care left undone and nurse education levels are of key importance. A moderated mediation analysis of survey data from 11,549 patients and 10,733 nurses in 217 hospitals in eight European countries shows that patient care experience is better in hospitals with better nurse staffing and a more favorable work environment in which less clinical care is left undone. Clinical care left undone is a mediator in this relationship. Clinical care is left undone less frequently in hospitals with better nurse staffing and more favorable nurse work environments, and in which nurses work less overtime and are more experienced. Higher proportions of nurses with a bachelor's degree reduce the effect of worse nurse staffing on more clinical care left undone. © The Author(s) 2015.

  16. Academic nurse leaders' role in fostering a culture of civility in nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Cynthia M; Springer, Pamela J

    2010-06-01

    Academic incivility is disruptive behavior that substantially or repeatedly interferes with teaching and learning. Incivility on college campuses jeopardizes the welfare of all members of the academy. Academic nurse leaders play a critical role in preventing and addressing academic incivility because these behaviors can negatively affect learning and harm faculty-student relationships. Although studies on student and faculty incivility have been conducted in nursing education, there are no known studies regarding the perceptions of academic nurse leaders about this problem. This is the first known study to investigate the perceptions of 126 academic nurse leaders (deans, directors, and chairpersons) from 128 associate degree in nursing and bachelor of science nursing programs in a large western state. Academic nurse leaders responded to five open-ended questions regarding their perceptions of stressors that affect nursing faculty and students, the uncivil behaviors exhibited by both groups, and the role of leadership in preventing and addressing incivility in nursing education.

  17. Influence of Workplace Bullying on Turkish Nurses' Psychological Distress and Nurses' Reactions to Bullying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardakçı, Ezgi; Günüşen, Neslihan Partlak

    2016-03-01

    The study aims to determine the influence of bullying on nurses' psychological distress. A descriptive design was adopted. The study sample included 284 nurses of a university hospital in Izmir, Turkey. The Workplace Bullying Behavior Scale and the General Health Questionnaire were used. After the study was completed, it was determined that nurses with a master's degree were exposed to bullying more and that nurses exposed to bullying suffered higher levels of psychological distress and preferred to keep silent about it. Perpetrators of bullying were mainly head nurses. Bullying is a common workplace phenomenon, and in most cases, nurses bully each other. Bullied nurses suffer more psychological distress. Managers of health care institutions should always remember that nurses have a higher risk of exposure to bullying and that measures should be taken to support nurses. © The Author(s) 2014.

  18. Nurses' and Nursing Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Pediatric Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponce-Monter, Héctor A.; Rangel-Flores, Eduardo; Castro-Gamez, Blanca; Romero-Quezada, Luis C.; O'Brien, Jessica P.; Romo-Hernández, Georgina; Escamilla-Acosta, Marco A.

    2015-01-01

    Nursing staff spend more time with patients with pain than any other health staff member. For this reason, the nurse must possess the basic knowledge to identify the presence of pain in patients, to measure its intensity and make the steps necessary for treatment. Therefore, a prospective, descriptive, analytical, and cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the knowledge and attitudes regarding pediatric pain in two different populations. The questionnaire, Pediatric Nurses Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain (PKNAS), was applied to 111 hospital pediatric nurses and 300 university nursing students. The final scores for pediatric nurses and nursing students were 40.1 ± 7.9 and 40.3 ± 7.5, respectively. None of the sociodemographic variables predicted the scores obtained by the participants (P > 0.05). There was a high correlation between the PKNAS scores of pediatric nurses and nursing students (r = 0.86, P < 0.001). It was observed that the degree of knowledge about pain and its treatment was very low in both groups. Due to this deficiency, pain in children remains inadequately managed, which leads to suffering in this population. It is necessary to increase the continued training in this subject in both areas. PMID:26543643

  19. Nursing diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Ščavničar, Ema

    2015-01-01

    Nursing diagnosis is an integral part of nursing process approach. There are many definitions, which have one common theme: it's a stth status of a client.A nursing diagnostic statement has two or three parts. The article includes section on making of nursing diagnosis and a section on classification. Negovalna diagnoza je sestavni del v procesnem pristopu zdravstvene nege. Predstavljene so definicije, katere temeljijo na varovančevem stanju zdravja. Negovalna diagnoza ima dva ali tri dele...

  20. 循证护理对乳腺癌化疗患者自尊水平和应对方式的影响%Influence of Evidence-based Nursing on Self-respect Degree and Coping Modes of Mammary Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽; 何丽娟; 朱玉芹

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore the effects of evidence-based nursing on self-respect degree and coping mode of mammary cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Methods:Fifty-eight patients were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group. The patients in the control group were given with routine care and the ob-servation group with evidence-based nursing. The scores of self-respect degree (the feelings of inadequacy scale, FIS) and coping modes (medical coping modes questionnaire, MCMQ) in both groups were observed before and af-ter the nursing. Results:There was no obvious difference in FIS and MCMQ scales between both groups before nurs-ing(P>0.05); FIS scores of both groups were increased remarkably after nursing, the increase of the observation group was more evident than that of the control group (P<0.05);the observation group was higher than the control group remarkably in MCMQ scales (P<0.05), lower than the control group in avoidance and yield scores (P<0.05). Conclusion:Evidence-based nursing could raise self-respect degree and improve coping styles of mammary cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy apparently.%目的:探讨循证护理对乳腺癌化疗患者自尊水平和应对方式的影响。方法:将乳腺癌术后化疗患者58例随机均分为观察组和对照组,对照组采用常规护理,观察组给予循证护理。观察护理前后2组患者的自尊水平(自卑感量表,FIS)评分和应对方式(医学应对问卷量表,MCMQ)评分变化情况。结果:护理前2组患者FIS和MCMQ各项评分均无明显差异(P>0.05);护理后2组患者FIS各项评分均明显增加,观察组评分较对照组增加显著(P<0.05);观察组MCMQ评分明显高于对照组(P<0.05),而回避、屈服评分显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:循证护理能显著提高乳腺癌化疗患者的自尊水平,改善应对方式。

  1. Nursing Homes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... newsletter! Aging & Health A to Z Nursing Homes Basic Facts & Information Nursing homes have changed dramatically over the past several ... how accessible are they? How close is the nursing home to family members? How close ... much do basic services cost? What services are covered? What additional ...

  2. Inactive nurses in Taiwan: human capital, intention to return to hospital nursing, and incentives for returning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hsing-Yi; Tang, Fu-In; Chen, I-Ju; Yin, Teresa J C; Chen, Chu-Chieh; Yu, Shu

    2016-04-01

    To investigate inactive nurses' human capital, intention to return to hospital nursing and incentives for returning. Few studies have discussed the loss of human capital with regard to inactive nurses and how to attract them to return to clinical work. Systematic random sampling was used, with 328 subjects completing the mailed questionnaires, resulting in a response rate of 25.4%. Inactive nurses not only had moderate to high human capital (average years of nursing experience was 10.29, with moderate to high levels of nursing professional commitment and nursing competence) and were young. Forty-three percent of subjects reported intending to return to hospital nursing. Sufficient nurse staffing, greater safety in the working environment, and re-entry preparation programmes were incentives for returning. Recruiting inactive nurses back to hospital work is vital and feasible as inactive nurses had a moderate to high degree of human capital. The most feasible way is offering reasonable working conditions, in particular, providing sufficient staffing, a safe working environment and re-entry preparation programmes. The findings confirm the human capital of inactive nurses and provide concrete directions for nursing managers to follow when recruiting inactive nurses to hospital nursing. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Priorities for the professional development of registered nurses in nursing homes: a Delphi study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Emily; Spilsbury, Karen; McCaughan, Dorothy; Thompson, Carl; Butterworth, Tony; Hanratty, Barbara

    2017-01-08

    To establish a consensus on the care and professional development needs of registered nurses (RNs) employed by UK care homes. Two-stage, online modified Delphi study. A panel (n = 352) of individuals with experience, expertise or interest in care home nursing: (i) care home nurses and managers; (ii) community healthcare professionals (including general practitioners, geriatricians, specialist and district nurses); and (iii) nurse educators in higher education. RNs employed by nursing homes require particular skills, knowledge, competence and experience to provide high-quality care for older residents. The most important responsibilities for the nursing home nurse were: promoting dignity, personhood and wellbeing, ensuring resident safety and enhancing quality of life. Continuing professional development priorities included personal care, dementia care and managing long-term conditions. The main barrier to professional development was staff shortages. Nursing degree programmes were perceived as inadequately preparing nurses for a nursing home role. Nursing homes could improve by providing supportive learning opportunities for students and fostering challenging and rewarding careers for newly RNs. If nurses employed by nursing homes are not fit for purpose, the consequences for the wider health and social-care system are significant. Nursing homes, the NHS, educational and local authorities need to work together to provide challenging and rewarding career paths for RNs and evaluate them. Without well-trained, motivated staff, a high-quality care sector will remain merely an aspiration.

  4. Hygroscopicity of ADN with Dynamic Method%动态法研究ADN的吸湿性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婧娜; 张皋; 严蕊; 胡岚; 张婷

    2012-01-01

    针对二硝酰胺铵(ADN)的强吸湿性及吸湿性研究的迫切性,建立了动态分析的新方法.采用快速分析方法研究了ADN的吸湿性能,得出了ADN的吸湿过程曲线、临界相对湿度、吸湿速率曲线.比较动态分析方法与干燥器平衡法(标准方法GJB7708 -2005 -404.1)结果,认为两种方法准确度等效.动态分析方法的相对标准偏差为1.45%.%Aim at the strong hygroscopicity of ammonium dinitramid( AND)and the necessity of the hygroscopicity investigation,a new dynamic analytical method was estabilished. The hygroscopicity of AND was studied by a rapid analytical method. The curves describing the hygroscopic process, hygroscopic speed and critical relative humidity were obtained. Compared to airer equity method, the dynamic method showed an equivalent result to the standardization method GJB770B -2005 -404. 1 in accuracy. The relative standard deviation of the dynamic analytical method was 1.45%.

  5. El entramado filiatorio y el ADN: Análisis de las competencias profesionales del psicólogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natacha Salomé Lima

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se propone evaluar el grado de conocimiento que tienen los profesionales psicólogos en el ámbito de dos situaciones filiatorias controvertidas: casos de restitución de identidad vs casos de niños concebidos por tecnologías de reproducción humana asistida (TRHA, estableciendo como eje vertebrador al ADN y sus múltiples significaciones. ¿Ofrece la formación de grado los contenidos apropiados para desarrollar el quehacer profesional a la luz de las nuevas demandas sociales y tecno-científicas? Se presenta el análisis de los datos cuali-cuantitativos obtenidos a partir de una muestra conformada por 76 entrevistas realizadas a profesionales psicólogos, de ambos sexos, cuya edad oscila entre los 23 y los 70 años, de los cuales el 86 % han sido formados con el mismo plan de estudios de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. En las conclusiones se destaca la falta de ajuste existente entre las nuevas necesidades sociales y la capacitación que los graduados reciben en el caso particular de la República Argentina.

  6. Managerial strategy and nursing commitment in Australian hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, A M; Lok, P

    1995-04-01

    This study examined the relationship of managerial strategy and nursing commitment in Australian hospitals. The general principles of managerial strategy and employee response were illustrated and the meaning of commitment and resistance were defined. Data were collected by questionnaire survey and interviews. The result demonstrated that the middle manager/nurse unit manager played an important role in generating nursing commitment in the workplace. Trust and identification were the most relevant components of nursing commitment. However, the study also found that there was still a high degree of distrust between senior management and nurses. Change strategies which nurse managers could apply to promote greater organizational commitment in nursing are discussed.

  7. 基于能力本位的重症监护护理硕士专业学位研究生临床实践模式的构建%Constructing a clinical practice patterns for intensive care nursing masters with professional degree based on competence based education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭洁; 宋琦; 王建荣; 黄叶莉; 马燕兰; 彭小玲

    2014-01-01

    目的 构建科学实用的重症监护护理硕士专业学位研究生临床实践模式,规范专业型研究生临床实践行为,全面提高临床实践质量.方法 在能力本位理论的指导下,根据文献阅读、理论分析、问卷调查、半结构访谈和德尔菲专家咨询的结果,确定重症监护专业学位护理硕士研究生临床实践模式的各级指标.结果 咨询10所三级甲等医院及1所护理学院的16名专家,有效问卷回收率分别为93.75%和100.00%,专家权威系数为0.94,肯德尔和谐系数为0.257(x2=402.73,P< 0.01),构建的重症监护专业学位护理硕士研究生临床实践模式包括6个1级指标,47个2级指标和112个3级指标.结论 专家积极性和权威程度较高,各项指标的专家意见集中,研究结果科学可靠,可以作为重症监护专业学位护理硕士研究生临床实践的参考依据.%Objective Constructing a scientific and practical clinical practice patterns for intensive care nursing masters with professional degree.Methods Based on the competence based education,a clinical practice patterns for intensive care nursing master with professional degree was developed by literature review,questionnaire survey,unstructured interview and Delphi technique.Results 16 experts from 10 third-level and first-class hospitals and 1 Nursing College were consulted,the retrieving rates of questionnaire were 93.75%,100.00%,respectively.The authoritative coefficients were 0.94 and the coordination coefficients were 0.257.The index system consisted of 6 first dimensions,47 second-dimensions and 112 items.Conclusions The positivity and authority of experts in this study were in high degree,the concentration and harmonization of experts' opinions were relatively high.The results had high reliability and feasibility.It can be used to provide objective and quantitative reference for intensive care nursing master with professional degree.

  8. Nursing: What's a Nurse Practitioner?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is a big part of the pediatric NP's role. Pediatric and family practice NPs can treat acute ( ... Nurse Practitioners (NAPNAP) and through local hospitals or nursing schools. Also, many doctors share office space with ...

  9. EVALUACIÓN DE DOS MÉTODOS DE EXTRACCIÓN DE ADN A PARTIR DE BIOPSIAS FIJADAS EN FORMALINA Y EMBEBIDAS EN PARAFINA EN CONDICIONES NO ÓPTIMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAVIER ANDRÉS BUSTAMANTE

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Los tejidos de archivo son material de incalculable valor para estudios retrospectivos que requieran la aplicación de análisis moleculares. Existen múltiples métodos de extracción de ADN a partir de este tipo de muestras. No obstante, la mayoría de mé- todos toman mucho tiempo y los reactivos empleados contribuyen a la fragmentación del ADN. Con el objetivo de optimizar dos métodos de extracción de ADN a partir de tejidos embebidos en parafina en condiciones no óptimas, se seleccionaron 47 bloques en parafina que contenían biopsias de pleura, pulmón y pericardio correspondientes a 24 pacientes (66,6% hombres mayores de 18 años, con inflamación granulomatosa crónica, remitidos al Departamento de Patología, Hospital Universitario del Valle entre 2002 y 2007. Se realizaron 10 cortes a cada muestra y se sometieron a dos métodos de extracción de ADN: 1. convencional y 2. QIAamp-DNA mini kit ® . La eficiencia del ADN fue valorada por espectrofotometría y amplificación del gen GAPDH. La concentración de ADN de las muestras extraídas por el método convencional fue de 65,52 ng/μL ±11,47 (promedio ± EE y la relación 260/280 varió entre 0,52 y 2,30. De las muestras extraídas por el método comercial, la concentración media de ADN fue 60,89 ng/μL ± 6,02, con una absorbancia que osciló entre 0 y 2,64. El ADN obtenido fue sometido a PCR, de 47 muestras extraídas por ambos métodos, 25 y 23 respectivamente amplificaron exitosamente el gen GAPDH. Los métodos usados para la obtención de ADN presentaron un desempeño similar, revelando así su potencial utilidad en estudios retrospectivos a partir de biopsias embebidas en parafina en condiciones inadecuadas.

  10. Interaction and compatibility of ADN with compositions of propellant by thermal analysis method%热分析法研究ADN与推进剂组分的相互作用及相容性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 邵重斌; 刘芳莉; 樊学忠; 谢五喜; 庞维强; 闫宁; 刘小刚; 刘春; 姬月萍

    2014-01-01

    用高压差示扫描量热法( PDSC),研究了ADN(二硝酰胺铵)与推进剂的粘合剂、固化剂、增塑剂和高能填料的相互作用及相容性。结果表明,ADN与PEG、TDI和HDI二元混合物的分解温度比ADN的分解峰温低16.3~26.9℃,混合体系相互作用危险,相容性差;ADN与NG-BTTN、TEGDN、Bu-NENA和HMX二元混合物的分解温度略高于ADN的分解峰温0.5~7.5℃,对应混合物的分解温度比NG-BTTN、TEGDN、Bu-NENA和HMX的分解温度低5.9~14.4℃,混合体系的相互作用较为敏感;ADN与GAP、PBT、PET、IPDI、N-100、NG、TMETN、BDNPA-F和Al二元混合物的分解温度与各单组分分解温度差小于2℃,上述组分相容。%The interaction and compatibility of ADN with various main compositions of propellant, including binders, curing a-gents, plasticizers and energetic fillers, were investigated by means of PDSC.Results show that Tp(decomposition temperature) of ADN-PEG,-TDI and -HDI dual mixing system is 16.3~26.9℃ lower than Tp of ADN.The interactions between them are dangerous and ADN is incompatible with PEG, TDI and HDI;Tp of ADN-NG/BTTN,-TEGDN,-Bu-NENA and-HMX dual mixing system is 0.5~7.5 ℃ higher than Tp of ADN and 5.9~14.4℃ lower than those of corresponding compositions(NG/BTTN, TEGDN, Bu-NE-NA and HMX), thus the interactions between them are sensitive;ΔTp(difference of decomposition temperature) of ADN-GAP, -PBT,-PET,-IPDI,-N-100,-NG,-TMETN,-BDNPA-F and -Al dual mixing system with the corresponding compositions is less than 2 ℃, and ADN is found to be compatible with compositions mentioned above.

  11. Evaluación de dos métodos de extracción de ADN a partir de biopsias fijadas en formalina y embebidas en parafina en condiciones no optimas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bravo Luis Eduardo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Los tejidos de archivo son un material de incalculable valor para estudios retrospectivos que requieran la aplicación de análisis moleculares. Existen múltiples métodos de extracción de ADN a partir de este tipo de muestras. No obstante, la mayoría de m��todos toman mucho tiempo y los reactivos empleados contribuyen a la fragmentación del ADN. Con el objetivo de optimizar dos métodos de extracción de ADN a partir de tejidos embebidos en parafina en condiciones no optimas. Se seleccionaron 47 bloques en parafina que contenían biopsias de pleura, pulmón y pericardio correspondientes a 24 pacientes (66,66%hombres mayores de 18 años, con inflamación granulomatosa crónica, remitidos al Departamento de Patología del Hospital Universitario del Valle entre 2002-2007. A cada muestra se le realizaron 10 cortes y se sometieron a dos métodos de extracción de ADN: 1.Convencional y 2.QIAamp-DNA mini kit®. La eficiencia del ADN fue valorada por espectrofotometría y amplificación del gen GAPDH. La concentración de ADN de las muestras extraídas por el método convencional fue de 65.52ng/µl ±11.47 (promedio±EE y la relación 260/280 vario entre 0.52 y 2.30. De las muestras extraídas por el método comercial, la concentración media de ADN fue 60.89ng/µl±6.02, con una absorbancia que oscilo entre 0 y 2.64. El ADN obtenido fue sometido a PCR, de 47 muestras extraídas por ambos métodos, 25 y 23 respectivamente amplificarón exitosamente el gen GAPDH. Los métodos usados para la obtención de ADN presentaron un desempeño similar, revelando así su potencial utilidad en estudios retrospectivos a partir de biopsias embebidas en parafina en condiciones inadecuadas.

  12. Nutrition for Nurses: Nursing 245.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palermo, Karen R.

    A description is presented of "Nutrition for Nurses," a prerequisite course for students anticipating entrance into the junior level of a state university registered nursing program. Introductory material highlights the course focus (i.e., the basics of good nutrition; nutrition through the life cycle; nursing process in nutritional care; and…

  13. Oncology Nursing and Shared Decision Making for Cancer Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tariman, Joseph D; Mehmeti, Enisa; Spawn, Nadia; McCarter, Sarah P; Bishop-Royse, Jessica; Garcia, Ima; Hartle, Lisa; Szubski, Katharine

    2016-10-01

    This study aimed to describe the contemporary role of the oncology nurse throughout the entire cancer shared decision-making (SDM) process. Study participants consisted of 30 nurses and nurse practitioners who are actively involved in direct care of patients with cancer in the inpatient or outpatient setting. The major themes that emerged from the content analysis are: oncology nurses have various roles at different time points and settings of cancer SDM processes; patient education, advocacy, and treatment side effects management are among the top nursing roles; oncology nurses value their participation in the cancer SDM process; oncology nurses believe they have a voice, but with various degrees of influence in actual treatment decisions; nurses' level of disease knowledge influences the degree of participation in cancer SDM; and the nursing role during cancer SDM can be complicated and requires flexibility.
.

  14. [Research competencies in nursing specialties].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oltra-Rodríguez, Enrique; Rich-Ruiz, Manuel; Orts-Cortés, María Isabel; Sánchez-López, Dolores; González-Carrión, Pilar

    2013-01-01

    Since nursing became an university degree in 1977, there have been several regulations to develop specialties, all of them agreeing on the need to include skills in research. Indeed, the relevance of acquiring these skills in all current disciplines has led to Royal Decree 99/2011, which regulates the official PhD courses, and recognises specialist nurses as qualified to access PhD studies. Nowadays, students from six of the seven specialties included in the Royal Decree 450/2005 on nursing specialties, are performing their training. The acquisition of research skills is seen as an opportunity and a challenge. However, the organizational structure of training facilities (multiprofessional teaching units) and the incorporation of nurses as clinical tutors, who initiated this teaching activity, deserve special attention to ensure the correct acquisition of research skills in the training of specialist nurses. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  15. Perioperative Nurse Leaders and Professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteside, Dawn

    2016-08-01

    Professionalism in nursing leadership encompasses key elements that include a common body of knowledge, autonomous practice, self-regulation through education and licensure, a set code of ethics, and a commitment to altruism. Perioperative nurse leaders also must embrace collaboration, vision, accountability, and patient and staff member advocacy based on established ethics, values, and standards of care. Nurse leaders who are committed to professional development through pursuit of higher degrees, application of evidence-based practice, collaboration with colleagues, and certification show a strong commitment to their profession and serve as role models for staff members. This article discusses professionalism in nursing and offers information specific to perioperative nurse leaders. Copyright © 2016 AORN, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Doutores e doutorandos em enfermagem: motivos do mestrado em outras áreas Doctores y doctorandos en enfermería: motivos para realizar maestrías en otras áreas Nursing doctors and doctoral students: reasons to obtain a master degree in other areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victória Secaf

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Na Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem no Brasil, existem 37 doutores/doutorandos (em Enfermagem que fizeram Mestrado em outra área. Foram obtidos depoimentos de 28 integrantes desse grupo no que se refere aos motivos da escolha, sua inserção no Programa frequentado e as sugestões para outros enfermeiros em idêntica situação à sua e para as Escolas de Enfermagem. A opção, embora determinada por circunstâncias diversas, constituiu uma experiência enriquecedora para os sujeitos e integra a história dos cursos/programas de Pós-Graduação de Enfermagem no país.Existen, en el post grado de Brasil, 37 doctores o alumnos de doctorado en Enfermería que han realizado su Maestría en otra área. Se han obtenido declaraciones de los enfermeros de ese grupo minotitario en lo que se refiere a los motivos de esa elección, a su inserción en el programa frecuentado y a las sugerencias para otros enfermeros que se encuentran en esa misma situación, y a las escuelas de enfermería. La opción, aunque determinada por circunstancias diversas, se constituye una experiencia enriquecedora y hace parte de la historia de los post grado del Brasil.There are in Brazil only 37 nursing doctors and doctoral students who obtained the Master degree in other area. A set of questions - concerning the reasons of the choice, the enrolment in the Program and the suggestions related to the nurses in similar situation and to the Nursing Schools - was mailed to this group. The answers showed that the option, in spite of being determined by several circumstances, sets up a valuable experience and is part of the history of the nursing graduate programs in Brazil.

  17. Investigation on feasibility analysis of the training for specialist nurse in operating room under direction of the third-degree subject%按三级学科方向培养手术室专科护士可行性的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆云; 龚荣花; 王艳; 刘霞

    2015-01-01

    Objective To identify the needs of different degree hospitals for specialist nurse in operating room, and to explore the specialist nurse training programs which can meet their actual requirements . Methods We used the self-designed questionnaire to carry out a survey in students which were graduated from the training courses for specialist nurses in operating room in Jiangsu province .Four points of the contents were as below:the general information , the refinement situation of the third-degree subject and subspecialty of one′s own hospital , how their jobs were going after the traing , and the feasibility and plan of the training for specialist nurses in operating room under the direction of third-degree subject .Results 100%of participants thought that it was necessary to hold a training for specialist nurses in operating room , 80.00%of them thought that the current mode belonged to the general nursing , 72.22% of whom from the second-class hospital thought that both the theoretical knowledge and skill learned from the clinical practice could meet their working requirements , and they would continue to take the current training mode .74.19%of whom from the tertiary hospital thought that although it could meet the requirements , it was not strong enough and was short in details for their own direction , they thought specialist nurses should be trained according to the third-degree subject .Conclusions The training mode is combined with centralization and decentralization , and it includes unified entrance , synchronous training , hierarchical culture .It is established based on the actual needs getting from the hospitals in different grades , so it is better to adapt for different needs of different hospitals .%目的:了解不同等级医院对手术室专科护士的需求,探索能满足不同等级医院手术室护理工作实际需求的专科护士培训方案。方法自行设计调查表,选择在江苏省手术室专

  18. Staff Report to the Senior Department Official on Recognition Compliance Issues. Recommendation Page: Missouri State Board of Nursing

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Missouri Board of Nursing approves 34 practical, 35 associate degree, one diploma, and 21 baccalaureate degree nursing programs. Although the Board is responsible for all nursing programs leading to initial licensure, its recognition by the U.S. Department of Education applies only to the 57 professional nursing programs eligible for Federal…

  19. 本科及以上学历在岗从业护士科研能力现状与影响因素分析%The status of scientific research capability and influencing factors of nurses with bachelor or higher degrees

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘莉; 杨婕; 杨蓉

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the scientific research ability of clinical nurses with a bachelor or higher degree and to provide the basis and reference for hospital personnel selection and scientific research training.Methods Adopted a tailored questionnaire and the self-evaluation of nursing scientific research scale , we investigated 90 clinical nurses who met the criteria .Results The score of the self-evaluation of nursing scientific research scale of 90 participants was (56.02 ±20.57).Whether participate in the scientific research training or not (59.34 ±21.03 vs 50.56 ±18.83) and whether study the scientific research knowledge or not (59.20 ±18.85 vs 40.13 ±22.09) were the influencing factors (F=2.051, 3.475, respectively;P<0.05). Conclusions The leaders in hospital should focus on training and strengthening the literature retrieval and research ability.Meanwhile they should cultivate the nurses ’ scientific research consciousness to provide available personnel for the development of nursing science .%目的:了解具有本科及以上学历临床在岗从业护士科研能力,为医院人才选拔和科研培训提供依据和参考。方法采用自制一般资料问卷、护理人员科研自评量表,对90名本科及以上学历临床护士进行调查。结果90名护士科研能力自评量表平均(56.02±20.57)分,经单因素方差分析,参加过与未参加过护理科研培训者科研能力得分分别为(59.34±21.03),(50.56±18.83)分;自学过与未自学过相关科研知识者科研能力得分分别为(59.20±18.85),(40.13±22.09)分;是否参加过相关科研培训、是否自学过科研知识是科研能力的影响因素( t值分别为2.051,3.475;P<0.05)。结论医院对具有本科以上学历的临床从业护士需重点加强文献检索和研究实践能力的培养;同时还需在护理人员科研意识、系统培训等

  20. [Nursing competences and basic education: descriptive study on new-graduate nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecugni, Daniela; Sforacchi, Federica; Amaducci, Giovanna; Iemmi, Marina; Finotto, Stefano

    2013-01-01

    The pressing need by the health organizations of new-graduate nurses immediately able to take full charge of the ward, together with the radical changes of nursing education, led the professional community to discuss the education of new-graduate nurses. To describe if new-graduate nurses at the Nursing Degree Course in Reggio Emilia, have the competences adequate to the demands of the health care organizations. Fifty ward Nursing Manager of a National health Service, where new-graduate nurses of the 2009-2010 academic year were emploied by at least one month were interviewed by phone. A list of 34 competences were identified and grouped into six skill areas (taking care, technical, managerial, communication, professional ethics, education and professional updating); for each, respondents had to rank the level of compentence on a Likert scale from 1 not able to 5 fully able. According to Nursing Managers new-graduate nurses are able to identify the patient care problems (mean score 4.1+0.8), to perform nursing techniques (mean score 4.4+0.7) and to meet the deadlines of the organizations (mean score 4.2+0.8). All Nursing Managers agree that new-graduate nurses have required skills and knowledge to work in their units. The level of expertise of by new-graduates in the areas investigated appears adequate to fulfill the role of nurse in health care organizations after a short period of coaching by a senior nurse.

  1. Analysis of a government policy to address nursing shortage and nursing education quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abhicharttibutra, K; Kunaviktikul, W; Turale, S; Wichaikhum, O-A; Srisuphan, W

    2017-03-01

    A well-educated, sufficient nursing workforce improves population health and standards of nursing care. Analysing workforce policies assists nurses to learn from the past and develop better future policies. Describe policy-making processes in the first Thai government plan to increase nursing capacity and improve nursing education quality. A qualitative study employing Longest's model to examine policy-making processes. Data were obtained from 28 in-depth interviews with key informants, who had been committee members and former deans of nursing involved with the policy processes in the 1990s. Both qualitative and quantitative data were extracted from relevant documents, and content analysis employed with all data. Three policy phases were identified. Policy formulation, where three streams of problems, politics and policy resulted in identification of nursing shortage, changes of government incumbents and needing to increase nurse production; Policy implementation included creating methods of implementation, appointing responsible people and committees, creating operational plans, producing more nurses and faculty development projects and Policy modification which incorporated implementing the first Thai international doctoral degree in English, a collaborative programme between universities. Not all key informants could be accessed due to the passage of time. Findings are unique to Thailand but inform internationally of nurses' abilities and need to be involved in policy. Nurses were involved in all policy phases. While the policy produced positive developments in growing nursing capacity and education in the past, nursing shortages remained and are now acute in Thailand. Lessons learned from this policy analysis help explain why the nursing education and nursing shortage policy was legislated through the government agenda, and the active involvement of Thai nurses in this process. Nurses globally need to be at the policy-making table to try to reduce nursing

  2. Factors influencing professionalism in nursing among Korean American registered nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim-Godwin, Yeoun Soo; Baek, Hee Chong; Wynd, Christine A

    2010-01-01

    Although significant numbers of foreign nurses are currently employed in the United States, little research about nursing professionalism exists for this population. The study assessed the levels of professionalism and examined factors associated with professionalism among Korean American registered nurses (RNs). Hall's Professionalism Inventory (HPI) scale was used for this correlational descriptive study. Data were collected, using a mailing survey, with a convenience sample of Korean American RNs living in the United States (n = 221). Current position in nursing, current employment status, work setting, total years of nursing experience, total years of nursing experience in the United States, location of final degree attainment, and duration of nursing education in the United States were associated with the level of professionalism among Korean American RNs. Variables predicting professionalism included membership in professional organizations (beta = .204, P nursing experience in the United States (beta = .198, P = .001), and they accounted for 8.6% of the total variance in the HPI score. The findings suggest that multiple internal and external factors are associated with professionalism among Korean American RNs and provide an understanding of trends in professionalism from an international perspective. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Effect of a new aldose reductase inhibitor, 8'-chloro-2',3'-dihydrospiro [pyrrolidine-3,6'(5'H)-pyrrolo[1,2,3-de] [1,4]benzoxazine]-2,5,5'- trione (ADN-138), on delayed motor nerve conduction velocity in streptozotocin-diabetic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, Y; Fujimori, S; Okada, K

    1988-02-01

    The effects of a chemically new type of aldose reductase inhibitor, ADN-138, on delayed motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) and sciatic nerve sorbitol, fructose and myo-inositol levels were studied in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. MNCV in rats was significantly delayed after 3 weeks of diabetes and ADN-138 treatment was started at this point. Treatment of diabetics with ADN-138 at 5 and 20 but not 1 mg/kg/d for 3 weeks resulted in a significant increase in MNCV and reduced sorbitol levels to or below those of nondiabetic controls. However, fructose, though decreased in a dose-dependent manner, was not normalized. The reference drug, Sorbinil, showed similar effects on them. After the 3 weeks of ADN-138(20 mg/kg/d) treatment, diabetics were left on ADN-138 or continued further to be treated with it for 3 weeks. The withdrawal of ADN-138 prevented a further increase in MNCV and restored sorbitol and fructose to nontreated diabetic levels, and myo-inositol levels declined. In contrast, the ADN-138-continued group kept improving its MNCV and normalized sorbitol and myo-inositol. These results suggest that polyol accumulation is responsible for delayed MNCV and that the action of ADN-138 on MNCV reflected reversibility of metabolic function in diabetics.

  4. Daño del ADN en trabajadoras bananeras expuestas a plaguicidas en Limón, Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Ramírez

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available El uso de plaguicidas en los países en desarrollo es extenso en cantidad y en tiempo. Un gran porcentaje de lo que se aplica queda en el entorno y en los organismos que ahí habitan, lo que acarrea problemas de contaminación ambiental y deterioro de la salud de las personas que están en contacto con ellos. Los efectos se pueden manifestar a corto o a largo plazo y los síntomas varían desde un dolor de cabeza hasta el desarrollo de cáncer. La mayoría de los estudios en esta área se han orientado hacia los efectos agudos o crónicos y recientemente se inicia el estudio del efecto genotóxico de los plaguicidas. En e1 presente trabajo se evaluó el efecto genotóxico de los plaguicidas utilizados en las empacadoras de banano, usando como marcador biológico la electroforesis de células únicas (conocido como ensayo cometa en linfocitos aislados de sangre periférica. La población en estudio correspondió a 30 trabajadoras expuestas a plaguicidas, procedentes de 15 fincas bananeras y 28 mujeres sin antecedentes de exposición ocupacional a plaguicidas, de la misma área geográfica. Las trabajadoras que tenían entre cinco y quince años de trabajo presentaron mayor daño en la hebra sencilla del ADN (R² =0.12. Se desconoce si este efecto se debe a los plaguicidas que se utilizan actualmente o a plaguicidas empleados en el pasado. Tampoco fue posible correlacionar las dosis y las frecuencias de exposición a los plaguicidas con el daño al ADN, debido a que no existe un registro histórico sobre los productos empleados en el cultivo de banano, no se sabe por cuánto tiempo y las épocas en que fueron utilizados. Se recomienda el ensayo cometa para monitoreo genético en poblaciones expuestas a plaguicidasPesticide use in Costa Rica is very high and all year round. A high percentage of what is sprayed remains in the environment and in the living organisms around. This situation brings contamination and health problems to people in contact

  5. Diseño y síntesis de metalopéptidos y su aplicación como agentes de unión al ADN

    OpenAIRE

    Rama Martínez, Gustavo

    2014-01-01

    Uno de los campos más activos en Química Biológica y en Química Médica es el desarrollo de moléculas con utilidad terapéutica, incluyendo las que tienen el ADN como diana. El descubrimiento del origen genético de múltiples enfermedades, así como la influencia del genotipo en la respuesta a medicamentos, hace que la detección de secuencias específicas del ADN tenga un enorme potencial diagnóstico y clínico. Entre los agentes clásicos de reconocimiento específico del ADN desta...

  6. Nursing the Nursing Shortage Back to Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisbord, Anne

    1992-01-01

    Discusses shortage of nurses, improved compensation, and other benefits for nurses. Discusses effects of institutional reputation. Describes move to retention programs by nurse recruiters. Concludes image of nursing has developed into professional status. (ABL)

  7. Nursing the Nursing Shortage Back to Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisbord, Anne

    1992-01-01

    Discusses shortage of nurses, improved compensation, and other benefits for nurses. Discusses effects of institutional reputation. Describes move to retention programs by nurse recruiters. Concludes image of nursing has developed into professional status. (ABL)

  8. Competence areas of nursing students in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satu, Kajander-Unkuri; Leena, Salminen; Mikko, Saarikoski; Riitta, Suhonen; Helena, Leino-Kilpi

    2013-06-01

    The focus of this study is on European nursing education, where there have been several reforms over the last two decades attempting to harmonise curricula and degree structures. One of the most powerful reforms was started by the Bologna Declaration in 1999; since then, significant progress has been made towards achieving the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and the implementation of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) in education practice. The Directive of recognition of professional qualifications (2005/36/EC) regulates nursing education. All these strategies aim to harmonise nursing education, but specific competence areas in nursing are still missing within the European Union (EU). The purpose of this review was to seek competence areas for nursing students within the EU as identified in previous studies and other documents. Altogether, 67 competence areas were identified and classified into eight main categories: (1) professional and ethical values and practice, (2) nursing skills and intervention, (3) communication and interpersonal skills, (4) knowledge and cognitive ability, (5) assessment and improving quality in nursing, (6) professional development, (7) leadership, management and teamwork, and (8) research utilisation. In order to obtain a comprehensive concept of competence, more research is needed on nursing students' competence areas across the EU due to the fact that the EU is a common labour market and nurses are educated for the EU as a whole. Nursing is a global profession and nurse competence is central to patient care outcomes, so it is also internationally important that nurses have good competence.

  9. Combustion Properties of PGN/ADN Propellants%PGN/ADN推进剂的燃烧性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚冬琴; 黄洪勇

    2010-01-01

    采用靶线法在3.0~15.0 MPa压强范围内,研究了固含量、铝粉含量、二硝酰胺铵(ADN)的粒径及含量、燃速调节剂及热稳定剂对PGN/ADN推进剂燃烧性能的影响.结果表明,ADN的粒径(<450 μm,450~900 μm)和含量(0%~30%)增加时,PGN/ADN推进剂的燃速和压强指数均适当增加; 改变Al粉含量,PGN/ADN推进剂的燃速和压强指数均无明显变化; 添加适量(0.5%)燃速调节剂Fe2O3可增加推进剂的燃速并降低压强指数,添加适量(0.5%)燃速调节剂草酰胺可有效降低压强指数. 添加适量稳定剂(1%)2-硝基二苯胺(2-DNPA)和N-甲基-4-硝基苯胺(MNA)可以使推进剂的压强指数分别由0.49降低到0.34和0.40.

  10. Structure par RMN d'un complexe AlcR(1-60)-ADN: Reconnaissance du petit sillon par la partie N-terminale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahuzac, B.; Félenbok, B.; Guittet, E.

    1999-10-01

    Aspergillus nidulans is a filamentous fungus able to use ethanol as sole energy source. The activation of the ethanol regulon genes expression is mediated by the AlcR protein. Its DNA-binding domain is located in the N-terminus (residues 1 to 60), and its NMR solution structure shows a global zinc binuclear cluster fold, with two helices in addition to the basic binuclear motif. A small number of crystallographic structures of DNA complexes of binuclear cluster proteins is yet known, and points out the major groove and the first helix as the principal sites of interaction on the DNA and the protein respectively. In this article we show evidences that the N-terminus of the protein is involved in binding to the minor groove. Aspergillus nidulans est un champignon filamenteux capable d'utiliser l'éthanol comme source unique d'énergie. La protéine AlcR est responsable de l'activation de l'expression des gènes du régulon éthanol. Le domaine de liaison à l'ADN est situé dans la partie N-terminale de la protéine (a.a. 1 à 60), et sa structure déterminée par RMN en solution montre un repliement global en bouquet binucléaire à zinc, avec deux hélices supplémentaires par rapport au motif de base. Alors que les structures déjà connues de complexes ADN - bouquets binucléaires permettent de situer dans le grand sillon la quasi-totalité des interactions, nous montrons dans la présente étude l'implication du début de la séquence dans la reconnaissance du petit sillon de l'ADN (a.a. 5 et 6).

  11. Crecimiento somático y relación ARN/ADN en estadios juveniles de Eucinostomus argenteus (Pisces: Gerreidae en dos localidades del Caribe de Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Teresa Herrera-Reveles

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Con la finalidad de evaluar la asociación de índices de crecimiento en estadios tempranos de peces marinos, se estimó la tasa de crecimiento somático y las condiciones fisiológicas de Eucinostomus argenteus en dos zonas del nor-oriente venezolano: Bahía de Mochima y Golfo de Cariaco. La edad y el crecimiento fueron estimados basados en análisis de otolitos sagitta. Las condiciones fisiológicas fueron evaluadas por medio de las concentraciones de proteínas y la relación ARN/ADN, empleando técnicas espectofotométricas y fluorométricas sobre tejido muscular. Las relaciones entre tallas con la edad y el diámetro de los otolitos resultaron positivas, significativas y ajustadas a un modelo de regresión lineal. Los valores de la tasa de crecimiento reciente oscilaron entre 0.178 y 0.418mm día-1, la tasa de crecimiento retrocalculado varió entre 0.295 y 0.393mm día-1, y la tasa ARN/ADN osciló entre 1.65 y 6.97. No se registraron diferencias entre las zonas de estudio, sin embargo se reportaron diferencias entre localidades. A pesar de no encontrarse correlación entre la tasa de crecimiento y la relación ARN/ADN, los valores reportados sugieren crecimiento positivo de los individuos silvestres en las localidades evaluadas. No obstante, ciertas localidades mostraron valores que indican pobres condiciones nutricionales, pudiendo afectarse a futuro otras tasas vitales.

  12. DOMMAGES CAUSÉS À LA MOLECULE D’ADN PAR LES EFFETS CONJUGUÉS DE DEUX DISTRIBUTIONS D’ESPÈCES RADIOLYTIQUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.E.K ABDELMOUMENE

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available L’ADN, support de l’information génétique de la cellule, est la cible la plus importante lors d’une exposition à un rayonnement ionisant (radiothérapie, scintigraphie…. Sa dégradation est à l’origine de désordres cellulaires dramatiques comme la cancérisation. Pour quantifier ces effets, nous avons considéré deux électrons d’énergie incidente 1 KeV qui traversent un milieu aqueux fournissant chacun une distribution de  radicaux libres (e-aq, H,OH, H+aq, H2, H2O2, OH-, O2, O-2, OH2, OH2- que nous avons fait évoluer selon un ensemble de codes informatiques élaborés sur un modèle déterministe jusqu’à leur collision et estimer ainsi la concentration et le rendement de chaque espèce. Dans cette étude, nous n’avons considéré queles espèces les plus agressives vis à vis des molécules biologiques e-aq, H et plus particulièrement l’hydroxyle OH. Nous avons ainsi estimé le nombre moyensde diverses lésions portées à l’ADN. L’intérêt essentiel de cette étude est lamise au point d’un modèle simple d’adaptation facile du point de vue applications qui peut renseignersur les dommages causés à une molécule aussi importante que l’ADN.

  13. Nursing Revalidation

    OpenAIRE

    F. Cannon; McCutcheon, K.

    2016-01-01

    This article details the Nursing and Midwifery Council revalidation requirements essential for all registered nurses and midwives in the United Kingdom. Nursing revalidation is effective from April 2016 and is built on the pre-existing Post-registration education and practice. Unlike the previous process, revalidation provides a more robust system which is clearly linked to the Code and should assist towards the delivery of quality and safe effective care

  14. Feeling at home in nursing homes.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veer, A.J.E. de; Kerkstra, A.

    2001-01-01

    Aim. The purpose of this study was to examine determinants of feeling at home and in particular the privacy in nursing homes in The Netherlands. The first question was to what extent nursing homes differed in the degree residents feel at home and experience privacy. The second question was whether f

  15. Career Advancement of Nurse Executives: Planned or Accidental?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Sylvia A.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    A survey of 12 nurse executives indicated that most did not originally plan to be administrators when they entered nursing. However, all had pursued advanced degrees and most had been involved in nursing education prior to their administrator-level position. (CH)

  16. Papel de los polimorfismos genéticos para enzimas de reparación en el daño en el ADN inducido por el estireno y estireno-7,8-óxido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Laffon

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available La respuesta individual al daño en el ADN inducido por agentes xenobióticos está condicionada por la eficacia de los sistemas de reparación. Algunos de los polimorfismos genéticos descritos en las enzimas de reparación del ADN pueden afectar a su función, determinando una variación en la susceptibilidad ante la exposición a agentes ambientales. El objetivo de este estudio ha consistido en investigar si las variantes alélicas más frecuentes de las enzimas de reparación XRCC1 (Arg194Trp y Arg399Gln, XRCC3 (Thr241Met o APE1 (Asp148Glu pueden condicionar el daño en el ADN inducido por el estireno y su principal metabolito, el estireno-7,8-óxido (EO. Leucocitos periféricos de 30 voluntarios sanos se trataron con estireno o EO, y el daño en el ADN inducido se evaluó mediante el ensayo del cometa. Tras el tratamiento con estireno, los individuos portadores de los alelos XRCC1 399Gln y XRCC3 241Met mostraron mayor nivel de roturas en el ADN, sugiriendo menor eficacia de los sistemas de reparación. Por el contrario, los portadores del alelo APE1 148Glu mostraron daño en el ADN significativamente menor que los individuos 148 Asp/Asp. Sin embargo, no se obtuvo ningún efecto significativo en las células expuestas a EO, debido probablemente a que el daño inducido es inicialmente mayor, y no permite que se pongan de manifiesto pequeñas diferencias en la eficacia de reparación de los genotipos analizados

  17. Estudio sobre la construcción autorregulada del portafolio en el grado de Enfermería Study of self-regulated construction of the portfolio in the nursing degree

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernat C. Serdà-Ferrer

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Este estudio presenta el proceso de implementación del portafolio en el transcurso de cuatro cursos académicos consecutivos (2006-2010. La planificación incluye tres fases (iniciación, desarrollo y consolidación. La muestra es de 480 estudiantes del primer curso de Enfermería de la Universitat de Girona. El objetivo consiste en evaluar la eficacia del instrumento y construirlo de una forma autorregulada. Sujetos y métodos: La propuesta metodológica se basa en la triangulación secuencial entre métodos, en que para el estudio de una misma unidad empírica se combinan dos estrategias de investigación, una cuantitativa y otra cualitativa. Estudio 1: cuantitativo, descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo. Para el análisis estadístico de los datos apareados en las variables continuas que siguen una distribución normal, se utiliza el test t de Student. Para el estudio de la correlación entre dos variables numéricas se ha calculado el índice de correlación P de Pearson. Estudio 2: cualitativo, utiliza grupos de discusión a partir de tópicos. Para el análisis de datos textuales se usa el programa informático Atlas.ti. Resultados: La nota final de los estudiantes que elaboran el portafolio (7,78 es superior a la nota de los estudiantes que no lo realizan (7 (p ≤ 0,001. Se identifica una correlación significativa entre la nota portafolio y la nota final (p ≤ 0,001. El estudio de la tendencia muestra una mayor sensibilidad del instrumento en la evaluación. Conclusión: El diseño final del portafolio se caracteriza por ser mixto, flexible y fomenta la reflexión, empoderando al estudiante en el continuo de aprendizaje.Introduction: This study presents the results of the implementation process of portfolio in the course of four consecutive years. The plan includes three phases (initiation, development and consolidation. The sample is 480 students studying the first year of nursing at the University of Girona. The

  18. La implementación forense de la tecnología del ADN en Costa Rica: Un análisis retrospectivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Isabel Morales C

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available La reciente utilización de la tecnología del ADN para la identificación individual a traído consigo una revolución en las ciencias forenses, que ha alcanzado también a la America Latina. El análisis histórico muestra que en Costa Rica se han logrado importantes avances y en la actualidad se encuentra consolidado el trabajo con los STRs, y se están en proceso de implementación los marcadores de ADNmt y del cromosoma Y. Sin embargo, la incorporación de las innovaciones de la genética forense se ha venido realizando, en forma cíclica, de 5 a 10 años tarde respecto a los paises desarrollados en este campo. Se espera un cambio de actitud en el futuro, al estar disponible una nueva generación de marcadores de ADN, que permita así utilizar en forma pronta, todo el potencial de esta útil técnología.Forensic implementation of DNA technology in Costa Rica: a retrospective analysis. La reciente utilización de la tecnología del ADN para la identificación individual a traído consigo una revolución en las ciencias forenses, que ha alcanzado también a la America Latina. El análisis histórico muestra que en Costa Rica se han logrado importantes avances y en la actualidad se encuentra consolidado el trabajo con los STRs, y se están en proceso de implementación los marcadores de ADNmt y del cromosoma Y. Sin embargo, la incorporación de las innovaciones de la genética forense se ha venido realizando, cíclicamente, de 5 a 10 años tarde respecto a los paises desarrollados en este campo. Se espera un cambio de actitud en el futuro, al estar disponibles nuevas generaciones de marcadores de ADN, que permitan explotar a corto plazo todo el potencial de esta útil herramienta al servicio de la justicia. Rev. Biol. Trop. 52(3: 695-712. Epub 2004 Dic 15.

  19. Optimización de un protocolo de extracción de ADN genómico para Pinus tecunumanii

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Se optimizó un protocolo para la extracción de ADN genómico de Pinus tecunumanii basado en el método de extracción de Doyle y Doyle (1990). Se probaron los megagametofitos de las semillas de árboles deP. tecunumanii muestreados en cinco poblaciones naturales de Nicaragua. El método consta de maceración del tejido en tubos Eppendorf, una extracción con bromuro trimetil amonio de cetilo (CTAB)empleando altas concentraciones de sales, proteinasa K, extracciones sucesivas con cloroformo-alcohol i...

  20. 二硝酰胺铵(ADN)的燃烧特性研究进展%Combustion characteristics and mechanisms of ammonium dinitramide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨荣杰

    2003-01-01

    综述了国外二硝酰胺铵(ADN)燃烧特性和燃烧机理研究的进展,包括ADN及其复合推进剂的燃烧特点,燃速-压力依赖关系,燃烧波温度分布特征,初始分解机理,低压下燃烧暗区形成的机理和存在燃速不稳定压力区的原因分析.此外,对暗区形成的机理进行了讨论.

  1. Valoración de la prueba de ADN en el proceso penal: cuestiones científicas, legales y de probabilidad

    OpenAIRE

    González Ortega, Adela María

    2016-01-01

    El principal objetivo de este trabajo es tratar de explicar todas las etapas que conciernen a la prueba de ADN aplicada a casos de criminología, así como todos los problemas que se plantean por la utilización de esta prueba en los juicios penales. Algunos de los puntos clave que se pretenden abordar en este trabajo son: analizar la información que se obtiene de esta prueba en el laboratorio de Biología Forense y el valor que se le da en la actualidad en la resolución de un juicio penal. D...

  2. Evaluación de cuatro métodos de extracción del ADN de Histoplasmacapsulatum y su uso en reacciones de PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Xavier Monroy-Vaca

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Histoplasmacapsulatum es un hongo endémico de Cuba y el agente causal de la histoplasmosis. Esta micosis se presenta en forma de brotes epidémicos, afecta a las personas, independiente de su estado inmunológico. Su diagnóstico se realiza mediante técnicas microbiológicas, serológicas e histológicas que tienen una sensibilidad moderada y son demoradas. Por lo que se hace necesario la estandarización de métodos moleculares rápidos y eficientes para el diagnóstico de esta micosis. Se evaluaron cuatro métodos de extracción del ADN (enzimático, mecánico y dos químicos: tiocianato de guanidinio y Tritón X-100 a partir de una cepa de H. capsulatum en fase filamentosa. Se determinó la concentración, la pureza, el rendimiento y la integridad del ADN mediante espectrofotometría y electroforesis en gel de agarosa. Se evaluaron dos técnicas de PCR con el ADN obtenido, con cebadores específicos de especie y otro con un cebador arbitrario. Los mejores resultados de concentración, pureza, rendimiento e integridad se obtuvieron con el método de extracción enzimático. Se logró la estandarización de las PCR con cebadores específicos, confirmándose así las 16 cepas estudiadas como H. capsulatum. Con el cebador arbitrario se amplificaron secuencias diferentes en las cepas ensayadas. Se demostró que el método de extracción enzimática brindó un ADN de buena calidad para su utilización en PCR. Este trabajo facilita el diagnóstico rápido y confiable de H. capsulatum en Cuba y brinda la posibilidad de identificar cepas con estructuras relacionadas genéticamente con los marcadores de patogenicidad y la virulencia, útiles para conformar un inmunógenovacunal.

  3. Impacto de la fragmentación del ADN espermático en la población infértil

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarez de la Fuente, Myrian

    2013-01-01

    La fragmentación del ADN espermático está empezando a considerarse como un nuevo parámetro de calidad seminal. Actualmente, existe mucha controversia en torno a la importancia de su estudio así como la influencia que puede tener en las tasas de fecundación, implantación, embarazo, aborto y calidad embrionaria. El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar si existe una relación entre alguno de los parámetros de un seminograma básico y el grado de fragmentación que presentan nuestra población en est...

  4. ESTANDARIZACIÓN DE PROTOCOLOS PARA LA EXTRACCIÓN DE ADN CROMOSÓMICO EN CEPAS DE colletotrichum gloeosporioides AISLADOS EN PLANTAS DE MANGO (Mangifera Indica L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Valdés, Luis Alberto; Gómez, Adys; Carballo, María Elena; Capote, Maricela; González, Ingrid; Rohde W.

    2015-01-01

    Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz) Penz & Sacc. es la especie responsable de la antracnosis en el mango; esta enfermedad afecta toda la parte aérea de la planta, produciendo pérdidas hasta de 12% de la producción. La identificación y caracterización microbiana es importante para la toma de medidas de prevención y control del patógeno en plantaciones. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo estandarizar protocolos de aislamiento de ADN genómico en cepas de Colletotrichum gloeosporioi...

  5. Writing-to-Learn in Freshman Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashworth, Thomas; Vogler, Daniel E.

    1992-01-01

    Twenty-three associate degree nursing students completed writing-to-learn microthemes (very short writings that summarize, support theses, solve dilemmas, etc.). Compared to 23 controls, achievement data showed significant improvement in content learning. (SK)

  6. Fostering nursing ethics for practical nursing

    OpenAIRE

    森田, 敏子; モリタ, トシコ; Morita, Toshiko

    2014-01-01

    Higher nursing ethics can raise nursing quality. The author attempts to define theproblem from the seedling of sensibility in practical nursing and focuses on the clinical environment surrounding nursing ethics from its pedagogical and historicalaspects. On the basis of these standpoints, the author discusses issues on the practical nursing as a practitioner of nursing ethics.

  7. Análisis de la fragmentación del ADN de espermatozoides humanos mediante el test de dispersión de la cromatina espermática : origen, causas e impacto en reproducción asistida

    OpenAIRE

    Santiso Brandariz, Rebeca

    2013-01-01

    [Resumen] Los hombres infértiles presentan una mayor proporción de espermatozoides con ADN fragmentado que los hombres fértiles, aunque un cierto porcentaje de estas células siempre está presente en todas las muestras seminales. Esta tesis se centra en el estudio de ciertas cuestiones básicas y clínicas acerca de la fragmentación del ADN espermático. Desde el punto de vista de la investigación básica, nuestros resultados indican que el estrés oxidativo se relaciona con la fragmentación del AD...

  8. Evaluación de métodos de extracción de ADN para detección de Listeria monocytogenes en productos cárnicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina López DA.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar dos procedimientos para la extracción de ADN de Listeria monocytogenes a partir de muestras de alimentos contaminados artificialmente. Materiales y métodos. Se evaluaron diferentes métodos de extracción en cultivos puros de L. monocytogenes. Los métodos con mejores resultados fueron evaluados en muestras de alimentos cárnicos (jamón, salchicha y chorizo contaminados artificialmente. Para evaluar la calidad del ADN extraído se determinó la concentración de ADN, la relación A260/A280 y se amplificó el gen hlyA de L. monocytogenes por PCR. Resultados. Los métodos con solventes orgánicos y con PBS + Tween 20 permitieron obtener mayor cantidad de ADN (40 y 50 μg, respectivamente. En muestras de alimentos, se obtuvo ADN de mayor pureza con el método con solventes orgánicos (p <0,005, pero con el método con PBS + Tween 20 se obtuvo una mayor concentración. Con ambos métodos de extracción de ADN se logró la amplificación del gen hlyA en muestras contaminadas desde 1 hasta 105 UFC/ml. La composición del alimento no afectó la reacción de PCR en las muestras de ADN obtenidas con los dos métodos de extracción. Conclusiones. Independientemente del método de extracción utilizado, se logró la detección del gen hlyA de L. monocytogenes en muestras de alimentos contaminados desde 1 hasta 105 UFC /ml. Sin embargo, para su uso como método rutinario de diagnóstico, el método con PBS + Tween 20 es la mejor opción para la extracción de ADN, por ser un método de fácil aplicación, bajo costo y buen desempeño.

  9. Regulación de la reparación de los cortes de doble cadena en el ADN: papel de la nedilación de proteínas

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Ávila, María Jesús

    2016-01-01

    Las roturas de doble cadena del ADN son las lesiones más citotóxicas que pueden ocurrir en el ADN. Pueden ser reparadas por diferentes mecanismos y para la supervivencia celular se requiere un control preciso de ellos. En esta tesis se ha caracterizado y validado un nuevo sistema de reparación denominado See-Saw reporter (SSR) que mide el balance entre la ruta de reparación por unión de extremos no homólogos (NHEJ) y la reparación por recombinación homóloga (HR), siendo por tanto una herramie...

  10. Nursing informatics and nursing ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaltoft, Mette Kjer

    2013-01-01

    All healthcare visions, including that of The TIGER (Technology-Informatics-Guiding-Educational-Reform) Initiative envisage a crucial role for nursing. However, its 7 descriptive pillars do not address the disconnect between Nursing Informatics and Nursing Ethics and their distinct communities......-of-(care)-decision. Increased pressure for translating 'evidence-based' research findings into 'ethically-sound', 'value-based' and 'patient-centered' practice requires rethinking the model implicit in conventional knowledge translation and informatics practice in all disciplines, including nursing. The aim is to aid 'how...... nurses and other health care scientists more clearly identify clinical and other relevant data that can be captured to inform future comparative effectiveness research. 'A prescriptive, theory-based discipline of '(Nursing) Decisionics' expands the Grid for Volunteer Development of TIGER's newly launched...

  11. Nurses' Use of Race in Clinical Decision Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellers, Sherrill L; Moss, Melissa E; Calzone, Kathleen; Abdallah, Khadijah E; Jenkins, Jean F; Bonham, Vence L

    2016-11-01

    To examine nurses' self-reported use of race in clinical evaluation. This cross-sectional study analyzed data collected from three separate studies using the Genetics and Genomics in Nursing Practice Survey, which includes items about use of race and genomic information in nursing practice. The Racial Attributes in Clinical Evaluation (RACE) scale was used to measure explicit clinical use of race among nurses from across the United States. Multivariate regression analysis was used to examine associations between RACE score and individual-level characteristics and beliefs in 5,733 registered nurses. Analysis revealed significant relationships between RACE score and nurses' race and ethnicity, educational level, and views on the clinical importance of patient demographic characteristics. Asian nurses reported RACE scores 1.41 points higher than White nurses (p nurses reported RACE scores 0.55 points higher than White nurses (p nurses, the baccalaureate-level nurses reported 0.69 points higher RACE scores (p nurses reported 1.63 points higher RACE scores (p nurses reported 1.77 points higher RACE scores (p nurses may be due, in part, to differential levels of racial self-awareness. A relatively linear positive relationship between level of nursing degree nursing education and use of race suggests that a stronger foundation of knowledge about genetic ancestry, population genetics and the concept "race" and genetic ancestry may increase in clinical decision making could allow nurses to more appropriately use of race in clinical care. Integrating patient demographic characteristics into clinical decisions is an important component of nursing practice. Registered nurses provide care for diverse racial and ethnic patient populations and stand on the front line of clinical care, making them essential for reducing racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare delivery. Exploring registered nurses' individual-level characteristics and clinical use of race may provide a more

  12. Goals and expectations of nurse students on nursing profession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stelios Parissopoulos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Students' incentives when choosing what studies to follow relate to the prospects that a degree course may offer. Aim of this study was to investigate the goals and expectations of nursing students from entering the nursing profession. Method: This synchronic study is quantitative and qualitative in design. The sample consisted of 146 students from 1st and the 7th semester of the Nursing Department, TEI of Athens. Data collection was conducted via a questionnaire that was based on the theoretical framework of Ford's Taxonomy of Human Goals. These goals identity internal or cognitive goals and include experiences, social behavior, self-efficacy and task goals. Results: 45,5% and 58,75% of students from 1st semester and 7th respectively chose to study nursing because they believed that it would offer them a secured employment in the future. The largest percentage of students from both semesters (1st=33%, 7th=27,5% was affected in their choice by social environment. Their responses at an open question indicated that 57,14% of the 1st semester chose nursing as their profession because they wished to "offer help", and 80% of the 7th semester indicated that "they liked looking after other people". They found the content of their studies curriculum very interesting (1st=80,30%, 7th=53,75%. The provision of care to patients was found to be responsible for feelings of satisfaction of both semesters (1st=95,35%, 7th=98,75%. Conclusions: Nursing students seem to choose the profession of nursing because they want to offer. Their participation in patient care creates feelings of satisfaction in the majority of the students. Nurse educators should emphasize on all areas of nursing work, as well as a more realistic view of nursing.

  13. Inverse Degree and Connectivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Xiao-ling; TIAN Ying-zhi

    2013-01-01

    Let G be a connected graph with vertex set V(G),order n =丨V(G)丨,minimum degree δ(G) and connectivity κ(G).The graph G is called maximally connected if κ(G) =δ(G).Define the inverse degree of G with no isolated vertices as R(G) =Σv∈V(G)1/d(v),where d(v) denotes the degree of the vertex v.We show that G is maximally connected if R(G) < 1 + 2/δ + n-2δ+1/(n-1)(n-3).

  14. Factors Influencing Career Decisions: Perspectives of Nursing Students in Three Types of Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Pamala D.; McGill, Joan S.; Palmer, Stephanie J.

    2003-01-01

    North Carolina nursing students (99 baccalaureate, 309 associate degree, and 87 diploma) were surveyed. They were motivated to pursue nursing by past experiences with illness, past health-care work experiences, or family member/friend who was a nurse. Career decisions were also influenced by characteristics of nursing. There were no differences by…

  15. Degree by Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courtis, Barbara

    1974-01-01

    Discusses a student's experience with a research project on the synthesis and reactions of an organo-platinum complex with an organo-Group IV linkage, including the advantages and disadvantages of such a degree by thesis course. (CC)

  16. Marcadores virológicos no convencionales en pacientes infectados con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana: ADN HIV-T, ADN HIV- 2LTR y ARN de HIV Non conventional virological markers in HIV-infected patients: T-HIV DNA, 2LTR-HIV DNA and HIV RNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Gariglio

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available La terapia antirretroviral de alta eficacia (TAAE induce una reducción marcada y persistente de la viremia plasmática, contribuyendo a disminuir la mortalidad y morbilidad de los pacientes HIV-positivos. Así, la carga viral (CV es el método de referencia para evaluar la eficacia terapéutica. Sin embargo, aun en presencia de una TAAE eficiente no se ha logrado la erradicación viral. En este estudio analizamos la presencia del ADN total de HIV (ADN HIV-T, del ADN no integrado con 2LTR (ADN HIV-2LTR y del ARN de HIV, en un grupo de 55 pacientes HIV-positivos en distintos estadios clínicos, con y sin TAAE, mediante ensayos de PCR con revelado colorimétrico en microplaca, optimizados en nuestro laboratorio. La sensibilidad clínica del ARN del HIV fue evaluada con el bDNA, resultando del 74% y del 64%, respectivamente, con una concordancia del 85%. Este ensayo podría ser utilizado en el seguimiento de pacientes bajo TAAE. El ADN HIV-2LTR resultó positivo en el 54% aunque estuvo ausente en pacientes con elevada CV. Este marcador se consideraba un producto lábil y su presencia se asociaba a infección reciente. Sin embargo, actuales evidencias ponen en discusión su estabilidad por lo que su significado clínico debe ser reconsiderado. La ausencia del ADN HIV-2LTR en pacientes con CV detectable puede relacionarse con la heterogeneidad de la secuencia utilizada para su detección. El ADN HIV-T estuvo presente en el 100% de las muestras y resultaría relevante como marcador de remisión cuando se dispongan de terapias que efectivamente erradiquen la infección.Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART induces a persistent reduction of the plasmatic viremia, contributing to decrease mortality and morbidity of infected people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV. Thus, viral load (VL is the reference method to evaluate therapy effectiveness. However, even in the presence of efficient HAART viral eradication was yet not achieved. In this

  17. Comparación de dos métodos de extracción de ADN a partir de plantas del género Solanum, subgénero Leptostemonum.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Cristina Cadavid Sánchez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Título en ingles: Comparison of two ADN extraction methods from plants belonging Solanum genus Leptostemonumsubgenus.Título corto: Extracción de ADN de SolanumResumen: Se evaluaron dos métodos para la extracción de ADN en plantas del género Solanum, con el fin de obtener ADN disponible y de buena calidad para la obtención de secuencias. El producto comercial DNeasy® Plant Mini Kit se comparó con un método que incluye el uso de una solución tampón de lisis. Para este último método también se evaluó si el rendimiento mejoraba cuando las muestras se maceraron previamente con  nitrógeno líquido. Los resultados en términos de calidad (A260/A280 no mostraron diferencias significativas entre los métodos de extracción (índice < 1,5. Sin embargo, se encontraron diferencias en la concentración de ADN obtenida (prueba de Dunnet, p<0,05 y en los porcentajes de amplificación mediante PCR (X2, p<0,05. Los mejores resultados, en cuanto al éxito en la PCR (89%, se obtuvieron con el producto comercial, sin embargo la dilución 1:100 de las muestras obtenidas con el método de solución de lisis, permitió obtener resultados de PCR comparables. La maceración de las muestras con nitrógeno líquido, también mejoró el rendimiento (éxito de PCR del método con solución de lisis. Se propone este método  como una alternativa costo-efectiva para la extracción de ADN a partir de plantas del género evaluado, con base en los resultados obtenidos.Palabras clave: extracción, ADN, planta, solución tampón, PCR.Abstract: Two methods were evaluated for ADN extraction in plants belonging to the Solanum genus. The objective was to isolate adequate ADN amount and of enough quality for obtaining sequences. The commercial product DNeasy® Plant Mini Kit was compared with a method that includes a lysis buffer. For the last method it was also evaluated the improvement   when samples were previously macerated with liquid nitrogen. The quality

  18. Preliminary Construction of Evaluation System for Clinical Competence of nurses with Professional Master Degree%护理硕士专业学位研究生临床能力考评指标体系的初步构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈媛; 李亚洁; 高云; 董文; 马瑞英; 杨静

    2012-01-01

    目的:构建护理硕士专业学位研究生临床能力考评指标体系,为其提供有效的考评工具.方法:在文献回顾、小组讨论以及专家访谈的基础上初步拟定指标体系,采用德尔菲法对29名护理专家就指标体系进行两轮咨询论证.结果:两轮专家咨询后形成专家一致性意见,问卷有效回收率分别为71.4%、82.8%,专家权威系数分别为0.871、0.891,专家意见的肯德尔和谐系数分别为0.143、0.255,经检验后均具有统计学意义(P<0.01).最终形成的考评指标体系包括6项考评内容(思想品德素质、理论知识水平、临床实践能力、临床科研能力、临床教学能力、组织管理能力),23项考评指标以及67项评价标准.结论:本研究构建的护理硕士专业学位研究生临床能力考评指标体系能为护理硕士研究生临床能力评价提供参考依据.%Objective: To explore an effective system for evaluating the clinical competence of nurses with professional master degree. Methods: Through literature review, group discussion and expert interview, the authors established the preliminary index system. The Delphi method was used to organize two rounds of 29 experts' consultations. Results: In the two rounds of expert consultations, experts' positive coefficients were 71.4% and 82.8%, respectively. The authoritative coefficients of experts were 0.871 and 0.891, respectively. The Kendall's W coefficients were 0.143 and 0.255 (P<0.01). The evaluation system included 6 dimensions, 23 evaluation indicators, and 67 evaluation items. Conclusion: The index system could provide reference clinical competence evaluation of nurses with professional master degree.

  19. Graduate entry nurses' initial perspectives on nursing: Content analysis of open-ended survey questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenna, Lisa; Brooks, Ingrid; Vanderheide, Rebecca

    2017-02-01

    Graduate entry nursing courses offer individuals with prior degrees the opportunity to gain nursing qualifications and facilitate career change. While it is known that accelerated graduate entry courses are increasingly popular, the perceptions of nursing held by such individuals and the influence this has on those seeking to enter the profession are less clearly understood. To explore graduate entry nursing students' perceptions of nursing on entering their pre-registration course. A descriptive design utilising cross-section survey with two open-ended questions: What do you believe the role of the nurse is? What things have influenced that view? were asked. Demographic data were analysed using descriptive frequencies, while the two open-ended questions were analysed using summative content analysis. One university-based postgraduate graduate entry nursing course in Australia PARTICIPANTS: Eight cohorts (n=286) commencing students with prior degrees other than nursing. The course attracts students from diverse backgrounds. Exposure to nursing and nurses, either as a consumer of health care or other health care role, plays a primary role in influencing career change. However, similar to those found with school leavers, there remains much misinformation about nurses' roles for students in these courses. Most identify the role of caring in nursing. For some, media representations are the only information sources. Graduate entry courses offer opportunities to attract new nurses and contribute to addressing workforce shortages. However, there is still a lack of knowledge of nursing roles among students on entry. More work is required by the profession to ensure nursing is accurately and positively represented to the community. Crown Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Protocolo de extracción de ADN en lotes de 10 mosquitos para la identificación de Plasmodium spp. mediante qPCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Pérez Rico

    Full Text Available Las tropas que despliegan en zonas de operaciones endémicas de malaria, necesitan de una información precisa del riesgo sanitario para la toma de decisiones acerca de las medidas de prevención más adecuadas. El estado de portador de un mosquito se determina clásicamente por la presencia o ausencia de esporozoitos de Plasmodium spp. en las glándulas salivales. Los protocolos basados en la amplificación del ADN en tiempo real (qPCR son muy sensibles, sin embargo existen dificultades en la qPCR debido a inhibidores presentes en los tejidos del mosquito, lo que obliga a trabajar de uno en uno. En este trabajo se diseña una qPCR para amplificar una región conservada entre mosquitos de diferentes especies y otros dípteros, con el objetivo de comparar varios protocolos de extracción de ADN y determinar el más eficiente a la hora de procesar lotes de 10 mosquitos.

  1. ADN及其混合物燃烧性能的理论计算%THEORETIC CALCULATION OF THE BURNING RATE CHARACTERISTICS OF ADN AND ITS MIXTRUES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨栋; 宋洪昌; 赵凤起; 李上文

    1998-01-01

    分析了新型含能材料二硝酰胺铵(ADN)的热分解特性和燃烧特性,提出ADN燃烧初期热分解反应的假说,建立了由化学结构特征计算ADN及其混合物燃速公式,并计算了ADN和配比不同的ADN混合物的燃速特征.计算结果与实测值十分一致.从化学结构和化学反应的层次分析了ADN单质燃烧出现平台燃烧现象的原因,认为ADN热分解过程中,中间产物NH4NO3的形成和消失在平台(麦撒)燃烧中起着关键作用.预测了ADN提高固体推进剂燃速和降低燃速压力指数的趋势.

  2. Revisión sobre la genética del origen del ganado vacuno y las aportaciones del ADN antiguo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lira, J.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente el ganado vacuno es la especie doméstica económicamente más importante de todas las que explota el hombre. Por este motivo este trabajo hace un repaso de los estudios que se han llevado a cabo sobre la aparación del ganado doméstico, teniendo en cuenta las evidencias aruqeológicas y genéticas. Durante las dos últimas décadas el análisis del ADN mitocondrial se ha mostrado como una herramienta muy útil para profundizar en los focos de origen, migración y posibles eventos independientes de domesticación, tanto del ganado taurino como del ganado cebú. Se ofrece una revisión de los estudios que se han centrado en el desarrollo de los linajes maternos del ganado doméstico, analizando ADN mitocondrial de individuos modernos y de restos antiguos de diferentes cronologías. Además, exponemos los resultados complementarios obtenidos a partir del análisis del cromosoma Y extraído de muestras antiguas.

  3. NURSING AS A CAREER: First year Students’ perception of and the reasons for their choice of Nursing as a career.

    OpenAIRE

    Mkala, Betty

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to provide information for the school authorities to be able to improve on the nursing degree program. This was done by finding out the perception of nursing career for the first year nursing students in the international program in JAMK University of Applied sciences and getting to know what influenced their choices of the nursing career. The research was carried out using qualitative research method where closed and open-ended questions were used in data colle...

  4. [Anthropology, gender, and contemporary nursing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lillo Crespo, Manuel

    2002-12-01

    We live in an age when decisive changes occur. Social changes in the field of Genre and Work Cultures will take on a crucial role regarding the development of Nursing. New technological advances, and a higher degree of specialization in the Nursing field, as well as the increase in the number of nursing professionals coming from the male genere, enter into conflict with traditional social structures and act as intellectual tools which are necessary to acquire a critical understanding of the times in which we live, where an anthropological evaluation of the Genre factor is essential as a beginning principle in order to explain the subordination of nursing professionals as this has existed up until our times.

  5. Comparación de tres métodos de extracción de ADN a partir de restos óseos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Del Valle

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Diferentes investigaciones han demostrado que la posibilidad de llevar a cabo estudios de marcadores genéticos está muchas veces limitada por la capacidad de obtener ácidos desoxirribonucleicos (ADN a partir de muestras degradadas como los restos óseos. Asu vez, la información que de allí se derive resulta de suma importancia en diferentes situaciones médico-legales. El presente estudio se diseñó para comparar la eficiencia de tres métodos orgánicos de extracción de ADN amplificable por la técnica de Reacción en cadena de la Polimerasa (PCR a partir de muestras de hueso. En esta investigación se procedió a evaluar, comparativamente, la cantidad de ácidos nucleicos obtenidos, el éxito en la amplificación de marcadores microsatélites (STR y amelogenina por PCR, la posible presencia de inhibidores y el contexto de donde provenían las muestras para los tres métodos. Una modificación del método de extracción utilizado por el FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation de los Estados Unidos, denominado método A, aunque no produjo la mayor cantidad de ADN, mostró el mejor rendimiento en cuanto a la calidad requerida para la amplificación por PCR. A la vez, se demostró que dicho rendimiento es influenciado por la posible presencia de inhibidores o contaminantes y por el contexto en el cual permanecieron las muestras previo a su análisis en el laboratorio. Los hallazgos sugieren que la introducción de algunas modificaciones específicas al método A (la incorporación de columnas de purificación, la cuantificación específica de ADN humano en los extractos y el uso de diluciones podría mejorar sustancialmente el rendimiento de este método de extracción para que pueda ser utilizado con mayor éxito en diferentes investigaciones médico-legales que requieran la disponibilidad de ADN en calidad y cantidad adecuadas.Comparison of three methods for DNA extraction from bone remains. Extraction of amplifiable DNAis a frequent

  6. Moral Distress among Iranian Nurses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hosein Vaziri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to describe the moral distress among Iranian registered nurses.This was a descriptive -analytic study, in which 264 out of 1000 nurses were randomly selected as a sample group and completed the questionnaire. The nurses' moral distress was assessed using Corley's 30-item Moral Distress Scale adapted for use in an Iranian population. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS version 19.In this study, no correlation was found between the level of moral distress and any of the demographic data. The mean moral distress score ranged from 3.56 to 5.83, indicating moderate to high levels of moral distress. The item with the highest mean score was "working with unsafe levels of nurse staffing". The item with the lowest mean score was "giving medication intravenously to a patient who has refused to take it". Nurses working in EMS and NICU units had the highest levels of moral distress.A higher degree of moral distress is observed among nurses who work in health care systems. The results of this study highly recommend practical and research-oriented evaluation of moral distress in the medical society in Iran. Our findings suggest that Iranian version of MDS is a reliable instrument to measure moral distress in nurses.

  7. Divergencia intraespecífica y código de barras de ADN en Systrophia helicycloides (Gastropoda, Scolodontidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Romero

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available El DNA barcoding es un análisis que se basa en la comparación de distancias genéticas para identificar especies utilizando principalmente un segmento del gen Citocromo C Oxidasa I (COI. Los retos para la identificación surgen al estudiar grupos que presentan gran diversidad genética como los moluscos. Por ello, los objetivos de nuestra investigación fueron estimar la divergencia intraespecífica en el molusco terrestre amazónico Systrophia helicycloides (Gastropoda, Scolodontidae y evaluar la utilización de los códigos de barras de ADN en la identificación molecular de esta especie. Las secuencias de nucleótidos fueron comparadas con las bases de datos Genbank y BOLD (Barcode of Life Data Systems. Se realizó un análisis de distancia genética mediante Neighbour Joining. Systrophia helicycloides presentó dos grupos de haplotipos con distancias genéticas intraespecíficas mayores a 4%. También se observó una superposición entre las distancias intraespecíficas y las interespecíficas. La gran divergencia intraespecífica puede estar relacionada a la rápida variación del genoma mitocondrial, la distribución poblacional de los moluscos la cual permite el aislamiento y diferenciación genética, y la presencia de polimorfismos ancestrales. Los perfiles COI enviados a la base de datos BOLD son los primeros registros para esta especie y permitieron diferenciar a Systrophia helicycloides de otras especies. Estos perfiles corroboran la gran variación que ocurre en el genoma mitocondrial de moluscos terrestres por lo que la asignación de especies en este grupo precisa de la combinación entre los valores de divergencia genética, la evaluación de sitios informativos y los estudios de taxonomía convencional.

  8. U.S. Army Survey of Nurses and Nursing Students: Sampling Frame and Survey Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-01

    Actions taken include involving nurses more in the clinical decision process, providing nurses a greater degree of autonomy , and increasing wages...Anesthesia Nursing (RNA) o Maternal-child 0 Psychiatric-mental health o Midwifery 0 Family practice "o Geriatrics/Gerontology 0 Critical care "o Medical...meaningful 0 More autonomy 0 More involving 0 More interesting 0 Other 18. How much influence did each of the following have on your decision to pursue a

  9. School nurses' perceptions of empowerment and autonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeSisto, Marie C; DeSisto, Thomas Patrick

    2004-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore Kanter's Theory of Structural Power in Organizations, using school nurses and to answer the research question of whether there is a relationship between empowerment and autonomy in school nurses. This study found a positive relationship between the nurses' perceptions of empowerment and autonomy. The school nurses surveyed perceived themselves to have a high degree of autonomy and a moderate degree of empowerment, and they reported that their access to informal power structures was higher than their access to formal power structures in their school systems. School nurses can benefit by understanding factors that can increase their empowerment in the workplace. They need to understand the organizational structure of their workplace to increase their effectiveness and job satisfaction.

  10. [Nursing education research groups in Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Backes, Vânia Marli Schubert; do Prado, Marta Lenise; Lino, Mônica Motta; Ferraz, Fabiane; Reibnitz, Kenya Schmidt; Canever, Bruna Pedroso

    2012-04-01

    The aim of this study is to characterize the organization of nursing education research groups in Brazil. This is a quantitative, descriptive and documentary study. Census data for 2006 were collected from the CNPq database website. Brazil has 47 education research groups, comprised of 412 researchers, of whom 91% have masters, doctoral or postdoctoral degrees. There are 307 students, of whom 92% are nursing undergraduates. However, only 9% are recipients of young investigator grants. There are also 112 technicians, of whom 75% are nursing professionals; 46% have a masters or doctoral degree. In Brazil, there are a considerable number of nursing education research groups, which contribute significantly to scientific production of nursing knowledge in Latin America. In this scenario, there are many challenges to be overcome: poor interdisciplinary cooperation; limited integration between education and practice; low number of grants awarded to young investigators and significant inequalities between the country's geographic regions in terms of access to research development.

  11. Nursing Home Checklist

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nursing home: ____________________________________________________ Address: ________________________________________________________________ Phone number: __________________________________________________________ Date of visit: _____________________________________________________________ Basic information Yes No Notes Is the nursing home Medicare certified? Is the nursing home Medicaid ...

  12. Evaluación de la bioseguridad del protocolo de extracción de ADN para especies del complejo Mycobacterium tuberculosis implementado en el Instituto Nacional de Salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wellman Ribón

    2009-12-01

    Conclusión. Se determinó que el protocolo de extracción de ADN descrito por van Soolingen et al. (2002 e implementado en el Instituto Nacional de Salud de Colombia, es seguro para el personal de laboratorio y el medio ambiente.

  13. EFECTO IN VITRO DE LA UNCARIA TOMENTOSA, DEL MTA Y DEL HIDROXIDO DE CALCIO EN LA VIABILIDAD CELULAR, MORFOLOGIA NUCLEAR Y INTEGRIDAD DEL ADN EN PULPA DENTAL DE PIEZAS DENTARIAS EXTRAIDAS, CLINICA ODONTOLOGICA PARTICULAR. AREQUIPA, 2011

    OpenAIRE

    LÓPEZ HUAMÁN, GIOVANNI

    2013-01-01

    UNCARIA TOMENTOSA ANTECEDENTES HISTÓRICOS CLASIFICACIÓN BOTÁNICA COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA PROPIEDADES FARMACOLÓGICAS TOXICIDAD Y CONTRAINDICACIONES EFECTOS MTA HIDRÓXIDO DE CALCIO COMPLEJO DENTINO PULPAR RECUBRIMIENTO PULPAR DIRECTO VIABILIDAD CELULAR MORFOLOGÍA NUCLEAR ESTRUCTURA DEL ADN

  14. EFECTO IN VITRO DE LA UNCARIA TOMENTOSA, DEL MTA Y DEL HIDROXIDO DE CALCIO EN LA VIABILIDAD CELULAR, MORFOLOGIA NUCLEAR Y INTEGRIDAD DEL ADN EN PULPA DENTAL DE PIEZAS DENTARIAS EXTRAIDAS, CLINICA ODONTOLOGICA PARTICULAR. AREQUIPA, 2011

    OpenAIRE

    LÓPEZ HUAMÁN, GIOVANNI

    2013-01-01

    UNCARIA TOMENTOSA ANTECEDENTES HISTÓRICOS CLASIFICACIÓN BOTÁNICA COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA PROPIEDADES FARMACOLÓGICAS TOXICIDAD Y CONTRAINDICACIONES EFECTOS MTA HIDRÓXIDO DE CALCIO COMPLEJO DENTINO PULPAR RECUBRIMIENTO PULPAR DIRECTO VIABILIDAD CELULAR MORFOLOGÍA NUCLEAR ESTRUCTURA DEL ADN

  15. Primeiras dissertações do curso de mestrado da escola de enfermagem Anna Nery (1972-1975 Primeras disertaciones del curso de maestría de la escuela de enfermería Anna Nery (1972-1975 First dissertations of the Anna Nery nursing school master's degree program (1972-1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Ribeiro Machado

    2011-06-01

    , el foco de interés de su práctica de enseñanza. La maestría de EEAN calificó profesionales para enseñar en los cursos superiores de enfermería. Las nueve primeras disertaciones producidas en el curso constituyeron importante contribución para la producción científica de enfermería.This is a social-historical study that focuses on the conditions relative to the production of the first dissertations of the Anna Nery Nursing School Master's Degree Program, prepared during the period of 1972 to 1975. Objectives: to describe the initial characteristics of EEAN Master's Degree Program; analyze the profile of the authors of this Program's first dissertations and their advisors; and discuss the insertion of these dissertations in the lines and areas of research in nursing. A documental analysis was accomplished and charts were prepared for the presentation of the results. Results: Nine of the twelve full-time students of the pioneer class submitted their dissertations prior to the final term, which was four years. Although eight of the Master's Degree students were teachers, approximately 90% of their dissertations are inserted in the Health Care Area, the focus of interest of their teaching practice. The EEAN Master's Degree Program has qualified professionals to teach in higher education nursing courses. The nine first dissertations produced during the program constitute an important contribution to the scientific production of the nursing area.

  16. Naturalistic nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussey, Trevor

    2011-01-01

    Where nurse education aims to provide an overarching intellectual framework, this paper argues that it should be the framework of naturalism. After an exposition of the chief features of naturalism and its relationship to science and morality, the paper describes naturalistic nursing, contrasting it with some other perspectives. There follows a defence of naturalism and naturalistic nursing against several objections, including those concerning spirituality, religion, meaning, morality, and alternative sources of knowledge. The paper ends with some of the advantages of the naturalistic approach.

  17. The Lived Experience of Nurses Enrolled in the Regents College Nursing Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dailey, Mary Ann

    1994-01-01

    Reflection by 15 nurses in the Regents College Nursing Program, an external degree program based on four criterion-referenced tests, uncovered motivations for selecting the program, clarified such needs as support networks and learning resources, and revealed a pervasive pattern of stress that affected exam preparation and performance. (SK)

  18. ALICE Zero Degree Calorimeter

    CERN Multimedia

    De Marco, N

    2013-01-01

    Two identical sets of calorimeters are located on both sides with respect to the beam Interaction Point (IP), 112.5 m away from it. Each set of detectors consists of a neutron (ZN) and a proton (ZP) Zero Degree Calorimeter (ZDC), positioned on remotely controlled platforms. The ZN is placed at zero degree with respect to the LHC beam axis, between the two beam pipes, while the ZP is positioned externally to the outgoing beam pipe. The spectator protons are separated from the ion beams by means of the dipole magnet D1.

  19. Physics to a degree

    CERN Document Server

    Thomas, EG

    2014-01-01

    Physics to a Degree provides an extensive collection of problems suitable for self-study or tutorial and group work at the level of an undergraduate physics course. This novel set of exercises draws together the core elements of an undergraduate physics degree and provides students with the problem solving skills needed for general physics' examinations and for real-life situations encountered by the professional physicist. Topics include force, momentum, gravitation, Bernoulli's Theorem, magnetic fields, blackbody radiation, relativistic travel, mechanics near the speed of light, radioactive

  20. Occupational Health Hazards in ICU Nursing Staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Eri Shimizu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzed occupational health hazards for Intensive Care Unit (ICU nurses and nursing technicians, comparing differences in the number and types of hazards which occur at the beginning and end of their careers. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with 26 nurses and 96 nursing technicians from a public hospital in the Federal District, Brazil. A Likert-type work-related symptom scale (WRSS was used to evaluate the presence of physical, psychological, and social risks. Data were analyzed with the use of the SPSS, version 12.0, and the Kruskal-Wallis test for statistical significance and differences in occupational health hazards at the beginning and at the end of the workers' careers. As a workplace, ICUs can cause work health hazards, mostly physical, to nurses and nursing technicians due to the frequent use of physical energy and strength to provide care, while psychological and social hazards occur to a lesser degree.

  1. Detección del estado de metilación de los genes dapk, cdh13, cdh1 y rassf1 en ADN de plasma de pacientes con cáncer de cuello uterino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristizábal Fabio

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de las características epigenéticas en ADN proveniente de plasma de pacientes con cáncer de cuello uterino (CCU tiene un futuro promisorio;  se han encontrado previamente genes supresores de tumor (GST metilados, correlacionados con estadios avanzados del CCU, siendo
    posibles indicadores de peor pronóstico y marcadores moleculares de respuesta a tratamiento. Sin embargo, no existe ningún estudio para Colombia, en el que se haya buscado detectar estados de metilación para ADN de plasma en ningún tipo de cáncer. En este trabajo se reporta el estudio
    de 23 pacientes colombianas con estadios avanzados (III y IV de CCU (Banco de Muestras del Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, a los cuales les fue detectado el estado de mutilación (conversión por bisulfito de sodio posterior MSP de los GST dapk, cdh13, cdh1 y rassf1, en ADN de plasma,
    y se comparó contra el estado de metilación en ADN de plasma, arrojando los siguientes porcentajes de pacientes que presentaron el mismo estado de metilación (presente/ausente rassf1, 44%; cdh13, 33%; cdh1, 44%; dapk, 78%; para un total de los cuatro genes en conjunto de 47%. Adicionalmente, se detectó la presencia en el 100% de las muestras de tumor de HPV tipo 16. Se demostró igualdad entre las poblaciones de tumor y plasma para el panel de los cuatro genes (p=0,635, Test de McNemar a=0,05, en particular para el estadio III (p=0,85. El gen dapk presentó un estado de metilación positivo para plasma del 68,4% y para tumor del 94% en estadios avanzados. De esta manera, se consiguió la detección de los estados de metilación en ADN de plasma y se encontró correlación estadística con los encontrados en ADN tumoral, en particular para el estadio III. Este trabajo constituye un aporte importante para el uso de características epigenéticas de ADN de plasma, como marcadores moleculares de progresión, respuesta a tratamiento, y suprevivencia, en pacientes colombianas con CCU.

  2. Complexation des acides aminés basiques arginine, histidine et lysine avec l'ADN plasmidique en solution aqueuse : participation à la capture de radicaux sous irradiation X à 1,5 keV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tariq Khalil, Talat; Taillefumier, Baptiste; Boulanouar, Omar; Mavon, Christophe; Fromm, Michel

    2016-09-01

    L'environnement chimique de l'ADN en situation biologique est complexe notam-ment en raison de la présence d'histones, protéines nucléaires, associées en quantité approximativement égales à l'ADN pour former la chromatine. Les histones possèdent de nombreux radicaux basiques arginine et lysine chargés positivement et dont la majorité se trouve sur les chaînes émergentes, l'ADN présente quant à lui des charges négatives sur ses groupements phosphates localisés tout au long de la double hélice. Dans cette étude, la complexité de la structure de la chromatine nucléaire est dans un premier temps mimée en solution aqueuse par la formation de complexes entre un ADN plasmidique sonde et les trois acides aminés basiques, Arg, His, Lys, qui, mis à part His, sont protonés au pH physiologique. Ces acides aminés libres en solution sont réputés être des capteurs efficaces de radicaux libres, notamment pour le radical hydroxyle, conférant ainsi un pouvoir protecteur vis-à-vis des effets indirects sur l'ADN en situation d'exposition aux rayonnements ionisants. A concentration fixée, les capacités de capture des acides aminés libres, σ, pour le radical hydroxyle sont typiquement les suivantes σHis ≈σArg > σLys (σLys ≈ 0,1 × σArg). Nous avons mesuré les taux de cassures simple brin par plasmide et par Gray (χ) lors d'expositions de solutions aqueuses de complexes [acide aminé - ADN plasmidique] aux rayons X ultra-mous (1,5 keV). A concentrations égales, les trois acides aminés complexés et présents en large excès ne manifestent pas une capacité de protection de l'ADN proportionnelle à leur capacité de capture libre et en solution ; on trouve en effet des taux de cassures dans l'ordre suivant χHis > χArg > χLys (χLys ≈ 0,01 χArg). Après avoir détaillé le mode opératoire de ces mesures, nous analyserons sur des bases bibliographiques, les modes spécifiques d'interaction des acides aminés basiques avec l'ADN. La sp

  3. One Degree of Separation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Jean

    2012-01-01

    A 2011 survey of young adults conducted by Public Agenda found that a cluster of obstacles have prevented many of them from competing college. The author describes the opportunity, college awareness, and funding gaps that put a postsecondary degree out of the reach of so many young people. For example, just 3 in 10 non-college-completers are aware…

  4. Nursing Home

    OpenAIRE

    Allocca Hernandez, Giacomo Antonio

    2016-01-01

    Getting old involves a lot of changes in life. Family and social relations change and mobility can decrease. These variations require new settings, and of course special care. A nursing home is a place dedicated to help with this situation. Sometimes nursing homes can be perceived as mere institutions by society, and even by future residents. Inside, senior citizens are suppose to spend the rest of their lives doing the same activities day after day. How can we improve these days? Archite...

  5. Detección “in vivo” mediante RAPD de alteraciones en el ADN producidas por benzo(apireno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Becerril

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available La técnica de RAPD (Amplificación al Azar de ADN Polimórfico permite detectar alteraciones inespecíficas en el ADN procedente de células que poseen una dotación genética idéntica, como son las líneas celulares establecidas, mediante la comparación del patrón de bandas de las células expuestas y no expuestas a la acción de genotóxicos. En los últimos años hemos desarrollado una metodología sensible y reproducible utilizando la línea celular RTG-2, derivada de trucha arco iris (Oncorhynchus mykiss. Sin embargo, es preciso comprobar la capacidad predictiva de este ensayo mediante estudios in vivo. La línea celular RTG-2, como se ha evidenciado en trabajos anteriores, presenta una gran similitud genética con la especie de la que procede. Por ello, en este trabajo, se ha llevado a cabo una exposición subletal a benzo(apireno mediante inyección intraperitoneal de 69 μg/g de p.c. en alevines de trucha arco iris, valorando la aparición de mutaciones mediante la comparación del patrón de bandas obtenido a partir del ADN de células de sangre periférica, a diferentes tiempos (1 - 3 meses. Debido a que la presencia de bandas polimórficas dificulta el análisis entre los grupos de individuos tratados y no tratados, las comparaciones se realizaron en un mismo individuo antes y después del tratamiento. Los análisis cualitativos y cuantitativos mostraron tanto la aparición de nuevas bandas, como alteraciones en su intensidad confirmando, de esta manera, los resultados que previamente habíamos obtenido in vitro tras exposiciones a este mismo genotóxico

  6. Hospital training in pharmacology teaching in Nursing Degree

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Resumen del póster presentado en XXXI Congress of the Spanish Society of Pharmacology, Sevilla, September 16-18, 2009. Póster presentado en un congreso nacional de farmacología. Se detalla la realización de prácticas clínicas de farmacología para los estudiantes de la Diplomatura de Enfermería y se comenta la actitud de los estudiantes hacia las mismas.

  7. Non-nurse college graduates: a new resource for future nurse practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, P L; Shoffner, D H

    1991-01-01

    Non-nurse college graduates are admitted to the master's of science in nursing (MSN) degree program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK). Over the years, a majority of these non-traditional students have chosen the family nurse practitioner clinical concentration. The purpose of this study was to compare non-traditional and traditional family nurse practitioner (FNP) graduates in terms of academic and career-development characteristics. The study population consisted of all 91 (48 non-traditional and 43 traditional) UTK FNP graduates from 1981 to 1986. Little difference was found between the two groups' academic success in the program, self-perceptions of clinical preparedness for practice, current participation in the workforce, and self-perceptions of acceptance from administrators, other nurses and physicians in current work settings. Several notable differences between the two groups were found. The non-traditional FNP graduates had higher Graduate Record Examination (GRE) mean scores. More non-traditional than traditional FNP graduates were employed initially as nurse practitioners. Similarly, more non-traditional FNP graduates were currently employed as nurse practitioners in primary health care settings. Fewer non-traditional FNP graduates expressed satisfaction with their initial or current nursing positions. In regard to career goals, however, more of the non-traditional FNP graduates stated their intent was to be functioning as nurse practitioners in the future. Non-nurse college graduates with an interest in health care are a rich resource from which to recruit practicing nurse practitioners for the future.

  8. Learning styles of nursing graduate students enrolled in a master's degree program Investigación sobre los estilos de aprendizaje de alumnos del programa de maestría en enfermería Uma investigação sobre os estilos de aprendizagem de alunos do programa de mestrado em enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leides Barroso Azevedo Moura

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the learning styles of nursing graduate students enrolled in a master's degree program at a public USA university. METHODS: The study was guide by the individual and social constructivism framework. Data were collected with a personal data sheet and with the Inventory of Learning Process-Revised (ILP-R, coded and entered into the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS data processor. RESULTS: Although there were no statistical significant differences between graduate student regarding learning styles, the study's findings suggest a trend toward elaborative, in depth, and student-centered learning styles. The least used learning style was the methodical approach or literal memorization. In addition, there were positive relationships between and among sub-scales of the ILP-R. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study might be useful to nursing faculty because they provide some insights about the learning styles to which nursing graduate students are more likely to adhere.OBJETIVO: En este estudio se tuvo como objetivo identificar los estilos de aprendizaje de los alumnos del programa de maestría en enfermería de una universidad pública localizada en la región noreste de los Estados Unidos. MÉTODOS: El referencial teórico adoptado fue la teoría de construcción individual y social del conocimiento llamada constructivismo. El Inventario del Proceso de Aprendizaje Versión Revisada (ILP-R y los actos demográficos fueron codificados y analizados con el empleo del Paquete Estadístico de las Ciencias Sociales (SPSS. RESULTADOS: Se percibió una tenue preferencia por los tipos elaborativos, profundo, y agente de aprendizaje con menos uso del tipo metódico y de memorización literal. Esta diferencia no representa significancia estadística. Se comprobó una asociación positiva entre las sub-escalas de aprendizaje. CONCLUSIÓN: El resultado de este estudio será útil para los

  9. Uso del ADN forense en la Policía Nacional para identificación de alias “Édgar Tovar”

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    Martha Liliana Acevedo Neira

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available El análisis genético de fragmentos óseos tomados de un cuerpo en descomposición permitió confirmar la muerte de alias “Édgar Tovar”, comandante y responsable del narcotráfico del frente 48 de las Farc. El perfilgenético obtenido de los restos humanos fue comparado con la información del ADN nuclear y de cromosoma Y, del padre de Ángel Gabriel Lozada García,obteniendo una probabilidad estadística de paternidad de 99.991% y una coincidencia total en la información contenida en los marcadores de cromosomaY analizados, lo que sumado a labores investigativas de la Policía Nacional se consideró suficiente para determinar la identificación del cuerpo.

  10. Study on Interaction of ADN and (NC+NG) by Gasometric Method%量气法研究ADN与(NC+NG)的相互作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何少蓉; 张林军; 衡淑云; 刘子如

    2008-01-01

    用 NBK型"拉瓦"量气测试系统研究了较高温度下二硝酰胺铵(ADN)与双基吸收药(NC+NG)体系的相互作用,从动力学角度阐述了二者的相互作用.结果表明: ADN与(NC+NG)混合物加热分解的最终放气量在标准状态下为626.8 mL·g-1,与ADN和(NC+NG)最大放气量之和相比并没有增加,但分解速度显著提高,活化能显著降低至82.58 kJ·mol-1,ADN与(NC+NG)之间存在强烈的相互作用.

  11. TIPIFICACIÓN DE ADN MITOCONDRIAL PRECOLOMBINO A PARTIR DE RESTOS DENTALES DE UN INDIVIDUO PERTENECIENTE A LA CULTURA PARACAS (PERÚ

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    Marcela Díaz-Matallana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo fue el de deter-minar in vitro el haplogrupo de la región hipervariable I (HVR-I del ADN mitocondrial (ADNmt obtenido a partir de una muestra dental perteneciente a un individuo asociado a la comunidad de los Paracas, hallada por Jorge Reynolds en los años 60 del siglo XX en Ica (Perú. Gracias a esta tipificación molecular, hemos podido contribuir a la información arqueológica y antropológica ya registrada para esta población peruana de más de 2000 años de antigüedad, de-terminando su linaje materno y su vínculo con otros pobladores nativos americanos en la región.

  12. Dinámica de la molécula más importante de la vida: el ADN. I. Modelos lineales y no lineales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Ramírez Reyes

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se revisan los modelos más simples para la molécula más importante dela vida: el ADN. Se estudian las excitaciones colectivas y paulatinamente van incorporándose en elanálisis cualidades complejas de la molécula. Esto conlleva al estudio de la dinámica de talesexcitaciones mediante ecuaciones diferenciales no lineales. Las soluciones especiales de estasecuaciones corresponden a un tipo de ondas no lineales que mantienen forma y velocidadconstantes con la mínima pérdida de energía e información, conocidas como solitones ocompactones.

  13. The ethics curriculum for doctor of nursing practice programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peirce, Anne Griswold; Smith, Jennifer A

    2008-01-01

    Ethical questions dealt with by nurses who have Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degrees include traditional bioethical questions, but also business and legal ethics. Doctorally prepared nurses are increasingly in positions to make ethical decisions rather than to respond to decisions made by others. The traditional master's-degree advanced practice nursing curriculum does not address the extended expertise and decision-making skills needed by DNP practitioners as they face these new types of ethical dilemmas. We propose that a curricular framework that addresses clinical, research, business, and legal ethics is needed by all DNP students.

  14. School nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igoe, J B

    1994-09-01

    School nursing has been in a process of transition since its inception. This role evolution parallels the growing complexity of the health, education, and social needs of America's youth. The workplace within which school nurses practice is equally complicated because health and education administrators often hold differing philosophies of management, and school health programs are ill-defined. Fortunately, there is growing support for an integrated services approach and the development of school health systems with nurses joining an interdisciplinary team rather than continuing to function as "boundary dwellers." The roles of the school nurse as primary care provider, school health coordinator, case manager, and epidemiologist are emerging and replacing outdated nursing functions. As the role of the school nurse shifts and expands, it produces a cascade effect. The role of the school health assistant to aid the nurse surfaces as the next logical step in planning. Numerous model school health programs exist today. The emphasis, and rightfully so, is preventive in nature and should be targeted at the preparation of a new generation of health consumers who are more self-reliant than their predecessors. Unfortunately, all these programs are plagued with financing problems that could be alleviated with the right plan for health care reform, such as an expansion of maternal and child health funds (Title V) to health departments and the introduction of school nursing leadership into the DASH office at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a health education unit largely run by health educators, to reallocate some of these resources to the clinical preventive services needed in schools to reduce health risk behaviors. Finally, total quality management is the next issue on the horizon for this nursing specialty; benchmarking would be the place to start. In summary, systems development in the school health field is now underway, and it will not be easy, but this

  15. Characteristics of quantitative nursing research from 1990 to 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarcheski, Adela; Mahon, Noreen E

    2013-12-01

    To assess author credentials of quantitative research in nursing, the composition of the research teams, and the disciplinary focus of the theories tested. Nursing Research, Western Journal of Nursing Research, and Journal of Advanced Nursing were selected for this descriptive study; 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010 were included. The final sample consisted of 484 quantitative research articles. From 1990 to 2010, there was an increase in first authors holding doctoral degrees, research from other countries, and funding. Solo authorship decreased; multi-authorship and multidisciplinary teams increased. Theories tested were mostly from psychology; the testing of nursing theory was modest. Multidisciplinary research far outdistanced interdisciplinary research. Quantitative nursing research can be characterized as multidisciplinary (distinct theories from different disciplines) rather than discipline-specific to nursing. Interdisciplinary (theories synthesized from different disciplines) research has been conducted minimally. This study provides information about the growth of the scientific knowledge base of nursing, which has implications for practice. © 2013 Sigma Theta Tau International.

  16. Teaching statistics to nursing students: an expert panel consensus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayat, Matthew J; Eckardt, Patricia; Higgins, Melinda; Kim, MyoungJin; Schmiege, Sarah J

    2013-06-01

    Statistics education is a necessary element of nursing education, and its inclusion is recommended in the American Association of Colleges of Nursing guidelines for nurse training at all levels. This article presents a cohesive summary of an expert panel discussion, "Teaching Statistics to Nursing Students," held at the 2012 Joint Statistical Meetings. All panelists were statistics experts, had extensive teaching and consulting experience, and held faculty appointments in a U.S.-based nursing college or school. The panel discussed degree-specific curriculum requirements, course content, how to ensure nursing students understand the relevance of statistics, approaches to integrating statistics consulting knowledge, experience with classroom instruction, use of knowledge from the statistics education research field to make improvements in statistics education for nursing students, and classroom pedagogy and instruction on the use of statistical software. Panelists also discussed the need for evidence to make data-informed decisions about statistics education and training for nurses.

  17. IMPLEMENTACIÓN DE LA METODOLOGÍA DE ANÁLISIS DE ADN MITOCONDRIAL EN Rhinoclemmys nasuta (TESTUDINES:GEOEMYDIDAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YHERSON FRANCHESCO MOLINA HENAO

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Rhinoclemmys nasuta (Testudines: Geoemydidae es considerada una especie casi endémica de Colombia y la más primitiva del género, sin embargo, se encuentra clasificada por la IUCN como deficiente de datos, ya que la información disponible no es suficiente para hacer una evaluación directa o indirecta de su riesgo de extinción. En este trabajo se describe la implementación del método para realizar la secuenciación de la región control del ADN mitocondrial de R. nasuta, con el propósito de generar herramientas técnicas para futuros estudios de evolutivos y de conservación. Se utilizó el método de desalamiento (Salting-out para extraer ADN a muestras sanguíneas procedentes de Isla Palma y Playa Chucheros (Bahía Málaga–Pacífico Colombiano y se utilizó una pareja de cebadores degenerados (reportada para Chrysemys picta Testudines: Emydidae para realizar la amplificación. Se obtuvieron fragmentos de 800pb siendo exitosa la reacción de secuenciación de los amplificados, y se estableció un porcentaje de homología mayor al 92 % entre las secuencias obtenidas y las secuencias de ADNmt de Sacalia quadriocellata (Testudines:Geoemydidae y Cuora aurocapitata (Testudines:Geoemydidae, depositadas en el GeneBank. Este resultado demuestra que el método descrito puede ser una herramienta útil para el estudio de las poblaciones de R. nasuta del Pacífico colombiano, lográndose una efectiva secuenciación de la región control del ADNmt de esta especie.

  18. AISLAMIENTO DE CLONES CON ACTIVIDAD ENDO-b-1,4-GLUCANASA A PARTIR DE UN SEGMENTO DE ADN DE 13KB DE Clostridium sp IBUN22A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Roncancio-Sánchez

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available La producción de combustibles, solventes y algunos productos químicos a partir de sustratos celulósicos usando microorganismos ofrece una ventaja frente a los de origen fósil. Un acercamiento prometedor ha sido la implementación de ingeniería genética utilizando genes de enzimas involucradas en la degradación de desechos celulósicos. En la última década se han generado bibliotecas genéticas para proveer enzimas celulolíticas, que hagan el proceso más rentable, lo cual permitiría aprovechar mejor residuos celulósicos disponibles. Este trabajo describe el aislamiento de dos fragmentos de ADN que expresan actividad endo-β-1,4-glucanasa, a partir de un segmento ADN de 13Kb (clon 02080-25 aislado de una biblioteca genómica de la cepa nativa Clostridium sp IBUN22A. El aislamiento de la región codificadora se realizó a través de pruebas de inducción de la actividad, análisis por restricción del segmento y de una sub-biblioteca con la enzima Sau3A I. 325 clones fueron obtenidos, de los cuales 271 tenían inserto. El tamizaje molecular de estos últimos mostró que siete clones presentaron tamaños entre 3500pb y 7000pb y el tamizaje enzimático con carboximetilcelulosa como sustrato permitió el aislamiento de los clones pBSh-37 y pBSh-26 con la actividad endo-β-1,4-glucanasa original, de tamaños de inserto de 627pb y 879pb respectivamente. Este trabajo es el punto de partida para el aislamiento de enzimas de alto potencial biotecnológico.

  19. Nursing Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crisp, Carol

    2016-01-01

    Nurse transformational leaders can serve in academic settings and at local, national, international professional nursing organizations and community-based groups. As a transformational leader, nurses can lead in any workplace. According to a study by Stanley (2012), clinical leaders are not sought for their capacity to outline a vision, but for their values and beliefs on display that are easily recognized in their actions. This encompasses the moral component of transformational leadership. It is the APRNs duty to continue to strive towards a better vision for the well-being of all nurses, patients, and colleagues. Autonomous APRNs are happier, healthier, and better prepared to provide the best patient care to their patients. We should not be happy to sit back and let others fight this fight. APRNs need to be on the frontline, leading the way. This is only an insight that I have gained after many frustrating years of cheering our profession and then being made to feel inferior at the same time. Only nurses, who have that nurturing spirit, would hold back if they felt it might hurt others. Don't back off or hold back! It might hurt those that follow!

  20. Academic leadership style predictors for nursing faculty job satisfaction in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shieh, H L; Mills, M E; Waltz, C F

    2001-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of nursing deans' and nursing directors' transformational and transactional leadership styles on nursing faculty job satisfaction in baccalaureate and associate degree nursing programs in Taiwan. The study provides a mechanism by which nursing deans or nursing directors can obtain feedback from nursing faculty about leadership styles. Such feedback can then serve as the basis for further development of academic nursing leadership potential in Taiwan. The theory of transformational versus transactional leadership style guided this study. A cross-sectional mailed survey design was conducted. A convenience sample of 233 nursing faculty participated in this study. Idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, and contingent reward leadership styles significantly and positively predicted job satisfaction. However, active management-by-exception significantly and negatively predicted job satisfaction. Nursing leaders should implement effective leadership styles. Study implications for nursing education administration, limitations, and recommendations for future studies were discussed.

  1. 手术室舒适护理对非全身麻醉患者的心理状态及舒适度的影响%Effects of Comfortable Nursing in Operation Rooms on the Degree of Comfort and Mental State in Patients Under Local Anesthesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周艳; 林红

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨舒适护理对非全身麻醉手术患者心理状态及手术过程中舒适度的影响. 方法:选择符合标准的患者81例,随机分为观察组40例和对照组41例,两组患者均给予常规手术室护理,观察组加用舒适护理,比较两组患者的护理效果. 结果:术前1d,两组患者SAS及SDS评分比较,差异均无统计学意义( P>0.05);术后1d,两组患者SAS及SDS评分较术前1d均下降,但观察组下降幅度更大,差异有统计学意义( P0.05);at 1d after the surgeries, the patients of both groups had decreased SAS and SDS scores, but the pa-tients of the observation group had greater decreasing extents, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05) .During the surgeries, the patients of the observation group had higher scores of physiological, mental, psychic, environmental, social, and cultural dimensions than those of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05) .Conclusion:Comfortable nursing can effectively decrease the anxiety and depression, elevate the degrees of physiologic and mental comforts during the surgeries, and is beneficial to the smooth process of the surgeries and postoperative rehabilitation in patients under local an-esthesia.

  2. Rural nurses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Rhonda L.; Usher, Kim

    2015-01-01

    with descriptive techniques. In-depth interviews were conducted and the transcribed data were analysed using thematic techniques. Results: The results of this study demonstrate that in general rural people are willing to seek mental health care, and that rural nurses are well suited to provide initial care...... to young people. Conclusions: Non-traditional venues such as community, school and justice settings are ideal places where more convenient first conversations about mental health with young people and their families, and rural nurses should be deployed to these settings. Relevance to Clinical Practice......: Rural nurses are able to contribute important initial engagement interventions that enhance the early mental health care for young people when it is needed....

  3. Nurse executives: new roles, new opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinman, C S

    1999-01-01

    As women have been nursing since the earliest days of recorded civilization, so nurses have been associated with health care since the earliest days of recorded medical history. Gender and function have been inextricably woven in ways that created a struggle for success within a male-dominated industry. Nurses, as women, have been undervalued as, until recently, their role in health care has been similarly undervalued. Changing realities in the health care environment have created an opportunity for women's unique skills and talents to be revalued in a way that offers new opportunities for nurses. Teamwork, global thinking, multitasking, creativity, and flexibility are characteristics that have assumed new importance in the marketplace. Nursing leaders possess these attributes, along with a strong clinical foundation that is integrated with knowledge of sound business principles. This combination now positions nurse executives to reach the highest levels of heath care administration. Critical to this achievement is the professional credibility obtained through education at the master's degree level in health care and nursing administration programs that provide the essential tools for professional success. New opportunities for nurse executives afford educators in health care and nursing administration similar opportunities to develop and market programs to this large group of health care professionals who are seeking graduate education in increasing numbers.

  4. "Nurse's cramp"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Jørgen Riis

    2015-01-01

    Calculating the number of tablets or capsules to administer to patients is one of the most common tasks that a nurse is required to make. Home care and nursing home staff may dose tablets for clients for up to two hours per day. An increasing proportion of tablets are dispensed in blister packs....... Three patients with “nurse’s cramp” related to this task are presented. The patients were referred to a department of occupational medicine due to volar forearm and hand pain related to tablet-dosing from blister packs. A detailed physical examination including a neurological assessment was performed...

  5. When Graduate Degrees Prostitute the Educational Process: Degrees Gone Wild

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumadue, Richard T.

    2006-01-01

    Graduate degrees prostitute the educational process when they are sold to consumers by unaccredited degree/diploma mills as being equivalent to legitimate, bona-fide degrees awarded by accredited graduate schools. This article carefully analyzes the serious problems of bogus degrees and their association with the religious higher education…

  6. Shifting cardiovascular care to nurses results in structured chronic care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nouwens, Elvira; van Lieshout, Jan; van den Hombergh, Pieter; Laurant, Miranda; Wensing, Michel

    2014-07-01

    To explore nurse involvement in cardiovascular risk management (CVRM) in primary care and how this involvement was associated with the degree of structured chronic illness care. A cross-sectional observational study in 7 European countries. Five aspects of nurse involvement in CVRM and 35 specific components of structured chronic illness care were documented in 202 primary care practices in Austria, Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, and Switzerland. An overall measure for chronic care management, range 0 to 5, was constructed, derived from elements of the Chronic Care Model (CCM). Random coefficient regression modeling was used to explore associations. A majority of practices involved nurses for organization of CVRM in administrative tasks (82.2 %), risk factor monitoring (78.5%) and patient education (57.1%). Fewer practices involved nurses in defining protocol and the organization for CVRM (45%) or diagnosis and treatment (34.6%). With an increasing number of tasks handled by nurses, overall median adoption of CCM increased from 2.7 (95% CI, 1.5-3.6) to 4.2 (95% CI, 3.8-4.1). When the number of nurse tasks increased by 1, the adoption of CCM increased by 0.13 (P nurse involvement had high adoption of CCM, while variation of adoption of CCM across practices reduced substantially with an increasing level of nurse involvement. Nurses were involved in the delivery of CVRM in varying degrees. Higher involvement of nurses was associated with higher degree of structured chronic illness care, with less variation.

  7. Occupational Biographical Decisions of U.S. Nursing Professionals for Doing a PhD.--Consequences for the Education in Nursing Science in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltrecht, Astrid

    2016-01-01

    In Germany, nursing science has been developing since the early 1990s. Since then it is possible for nursing professionals (partly with, partly without prior 3-year vocational training) to do a bachelor's or master's degree in nursing science at universities of applied sciences. However, to do a Ph.D. they need to change to a university as in…

  8. The relationship between critical thinking skills and self-efficacy beliefs in mental health nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gloudemans, Henk A; Schalk, René M J D; Reynaert, Wouter

    2013-03-01

    In the Netherlands, the distinction between Bachelor degree and diploma nursing educational levels remains unclear. The added value of Bachelor degree nurses and how they develop professionally after graduation are subject to debate. The aim of this study is to investigate whether Bachelor degree nurses have higher critical thinking skills than diploma nurses do and whether there is a positive relationship between higher critical thinking skills and self-efficacy beliefs. Outcomes might provide instruments that are helpful in positioning of nursing levels in education and practice. Questionnaire data were used of a sample of 95 registered mental health staff nurses (62 diploma nurses and 33 Bachelor degree nurses). First, ANOVA was performed to test whether the two groups were comparable with respect to elements of work experience. Second, t-tests were conducted to compare the two groups of nurses on self-efficacy, perceived performance and critical thinking outcomes. Third, relationships between the study variables were investigated. Finally, structural equation modelling using AMOS was applied to test the relationships. The hypothesis that Bachelor degree nurses are better critical thinkers than diploma nurses was supported (p<0.01). Years in function turned out to be positively related to self-efficacy beliefs (p<0.01). No significant relation was found between the level of education and self-efficacy beliefs. The results of this study support career development and facilitate more efficient positioning of nursing levels. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Relationships among NANDA-I diagnoses, nursing outcomes classification, and nursing interventions classification by nursing students for patients in medical-surgical units in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noh, Hyun Kyung; Lee, Eunjoo

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify NANDA-I, Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), and Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC; NNN) linkages used by Korean nursing students during their clinical practice in medical-surgical units. A comparative descriptive research design was used to measure the effects of nursing interventions from 153 nursing students in South Korea. Nursing students selected NNN using a Web-based nursing process documentation system. Data were analyzed by paired t-test. Eighty-two NANDA-I diagnoses, 116 NOC outcomes, and 163 NIC interventions were identified. Statistically significant differences in patients' preintervention and postintervention outcome scores were observed. By determining patient outcomes linked to interventions and how the degree of outcomes change after interventions, the effectiveness of the interventions can be evaluated. © 2014 NANDA International, Inc.

  10. Ethical decision making in intrapartum nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmonds, Anne H

    2012-01-01

    Nurses are confronted daily with making ethical decisions in practice, in which the "right" or best course of action must be determined. However, for intrapartum nurses, the seemingly ordinary nature of ethical issues means that these concerns may be viewed merely as clinical or logistical problems to be solved, leaving the ethical dimensions obscured. This has consequences not only for women and the provision of safe, family-centered maternity care but also for the quality of nurses' work environments and degree of moral distress experienced. This article explores ethical aspects of intrapartum nursing by applying ethical principles and moral reasoning to an "everyday" situation encountered by intrapartum nurses in practice. Implications for practice and the development of healthy moral communities are considered.

  11. Rehabilitation versus Nursing Home Nurses' Low Back and Neck-Shoulder Complaints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alperovitch-Najenson, Deborah; Sheffer, Dvora; Treger, Iuly; Finkels, Tova; Kalichman, Leonid

    2015-01-01

    To compare the prevalence of those complaints in nurses working in rehabilitation departments and nursing homes, and to evaluate factors associated with them. A cross-sectional study in rehabilitation and in nursing home departments. Data were obtained from questionnaires relating to basic demographics, prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints, potentially harmful positions and actions and job satisfaction. Multivariate analyses demonstrated higher work-related musculoskeletal complaints for nurses in rehabilitation than nursing home nurses (p=.012 for low back pain; ppain). Trunk bending, static posture, repetitive tasks, and recognition of superiors were associated with low back pain. Freedom to choose work techniques and degree of diversity at work were associated with neck-shoulder pain. Differences between the nurse groups as to work tasks might be a reason for differences in musculoskeletal complaints. Further comparisons between nurses working in different fields might reveal more accurate potential risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal complaints. Instruction for static/awkward posture avoidance, by using mechanical aids and designing a friendlier environment, should be part of a nursing staff injury prevention strategy. © 2014 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.

  12. Historias en código genético: Los aportes de los estudios de ADN antiguo en antropología y sus implicancias éticas Historias em código genético: As contribuições dos estudos de ADN antigo em antropologia e suas implicâncias éticas Stories in Genetic Code: The contribution of ancient DNA studies to anthropology and their ethical implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian M. Crespo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace varias décadas, la antropología biológica comenzó a utilizar marcadores moleculares en estudios poblacionales. A partir de la década de 1990 se desarrollaron diferentes técnicas en biología molecular que permitieron extraer y tipificar ADN conservado en diferentes restos provenientes de museos y sitios arqueológicos. Los estudios de ADN antiguo relacionados con problemáticas arqueológicas conforman hoy un campo de estudio denominado Arqueogenética. Se presentan en este trabajo algunas de las aplicaciones del ADN antiguo. Se discuten las ventajas y limitaciones de estos estudios y su relación con temas éticos y legales.Faz já varias décadas que à antropologia biológica tem começado a usar marcadores moleculares em estudos de população. Ao começo da década de 1990, se desenvolveram técnicas diferentes em biologia molecular que permitiram obter e tipificar o ADN conservado em restos diferentes vindos de museus e sítios arqueológicos. Os estudos de ADN antigo relacionados a problemáticas arqueológicas são hoje um campo de estudo chamado de Arqueogenética. Se apresentam neste trabalho algumas das aplicações do ADN antigo. Também se discutem as vantagens e limitações desses estudos e a sua relação com assuntos éticos e legais.For several decades, biological anthropology has employed different molecular markers in population research. Since 1990 different techniques in molecular biology have been developed allowing preserved DNA extraction and its typification in different samples from museums and archaeological sites. Ancient DNA studies related to archaeological issues are now included in the field of Archaeogenetics. In this work we present some of ancient DNA applications in archaeology. We also discuss advantages and limitations for this kind of research and its relationship with ethic and legal norms.

  13. Massive open online courses in nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldschmidt, Karen; Greene-Ryan, Jane

    2014-01-01

    MOOCs are changing the face of higher education. Online programs provide nurses with access to technologies, networking with other professionals, and opportunities reflect on their practice. The changing climate of online, higher education provides access and flexibility to students balancing work, family, and financial responsibilities. Offering free courses may provide nursing students ambivalent about online learning the chance to experience otherwise unavailable educational opportunities including the chance to earn a BSN degree.

  14. Professionalism versus General Critical Thinking Abilities of Senior Nursing Students in Four Types of Nursing Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Karen L.; Shepherd, Jan M.

    1992-01-01

    A survey of 50 students each in 4 types of nursing programs (associate degree, diploma, generic bachelor's and upper-level bachelor's) found no significant difference between professionalism exhibited by seniors in generic and associate degree programs. Positive correlations of critical thinking and professionalism were almost as strong among…

  15. Nursing shortages and international nurse migration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, S J; Polsky, D; Sochalski, J

    2005-12-01

    The United Kingdom and the United States are among several developed countries currently experiencing nursing shortages. While the USA has not yet implemented policies to encourage nurse immigration, nursing shortages will likely result in the growth of foreign nurse immigration to the USA. Understanding the factors that drive the migration of nurses is critical as the USA exerts more pull on the foreign nurse workforce. To predict the international migration of nurses to the UK using widely available data on country characteristics. The Nursing and Midwifery Council serves as the source of data on foreign nurse registrations in the UK between 1998 and 2002. We develop and test a regression model that predicts the number of foreign nurse registrants in the UK based on source country characteristics. We collect country-level data from sources such as the World Bank and the World Health Organization. The shortage of nurses in the UK has been accompanied by massive and disproportionate growth in the number of foreign nurses from poor countries. Low-income, English-speaking countries that engage in high levels of bilateral trade experience greater losses of nurses to the UK. Poor countries seeking economic growth through international trade expose themselves to the emigration of skilled labour. This tendency is currently exacerbated by nursing shortages in developed countries. Countries at risk for nurse emigration should adjust health sector planning to account for expected losses in personnel. Moreover, policy makers in host countries should address the impact of recruitment on source country health service delivery.

  16. Sleep Quality among Female Hospital Staff Nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Li Chien

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To investigate sleep quality of hospital staff nurses, both by subjective questionnaire and objective measures. Methods. Female staff nurses at a regional teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan were recruited. The Chinese version of the pittsburgh sleep quality index (C-PSQI was used to assess subjective sleep quality, and an electrocardiogram-based cardiopulmonary coupling (CPC technique was used to analyze objective sleep stability. Work stress was assessed using questionnaire on medical worker’s stress. Results. A total of 156 staff nurses completed the study. Among the staff nurses, 75.8% (117 had a PSQI score of ≥5 and 39.8% had an inadequate stable sleep ratio on subjective measures. Nurses with a high school or lower educational degree had a much higher risk of sleep disturbance when compared to nurses with a college or higher level degree. Conclusions. Both subjective and objective measures demonstrated that poor sleep quality is a common health problem among hospital staff nurses. More studies are warranted on this important issue to discover possible factors and therefore to develop a systemic strategy to cope with the problem.

  17. Nursing education at Western Governors University: a modern, disruptive approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones-Schenk, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Over 1 million working registered nurses (RNs) currently do not have a bachelor's degree in nursing and comprise the critical group needing to return to school in order to achieve the Institute of Medicine's goal of 80% bachelors of science in nursing (BSNs) by 2020. Western Governors University (WGU) has developed a transformative educational model, incorporating 4 operational pillars (competency-based learning, technology, disaggregated faculty roles, and a student-centric management system), to revolutionize RN-BSN education. This article describes a successful contemporary model, disrupting most all of the traditional aspects of university education for professional nursing practice. The program design is of particular value to working adults and addresses the flexibility they need to accommodate academic advancement. The WGU nursing program currently serves over 5,000 students seeking BSN and Master of Science in Nursing degrees in all 50 states. © 2014.

  18. An intervention aimed at reducing plagiarism in undergraduate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smedley, Alison; Crawford, Tonia; Cloete, Linda

    2015-05-01

    Plagiarism is a current and developing problem in the tertiary education sector where students access information and reproduce it as their own. It is identified as occurring in many tertiary level degrees including nursing and allied health profession degrees. Nursing specifically, is a profession where standards and ethics are required and honesty is paramount. The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in nursing student's knowledge and understanding of plagiarism before and after an educational intervention in their first semester of the Bachelor of nursing degree at a private college of higher education in Sydney, Australia. This study concluded that an educational intervention can increase knowledge and awareness of plagiarism among nursing students.

  19. Degree-degree dependencies in random graphs with heavy-tailed degrees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofstad, van der Remco; Litvak, Nelly

    2014-01-01

    Mixing patterns in large self-organizing networks, such as the Internet, the World Wide Web, social, and biological networks are often characterized by degree-degree dependencies between neighboring nodes. In assortative networks, the degree-degree dependencies are positive (nodes with similar degre

  20. Degree-Degree Dependencies in Random Graphs with Heavy-Tailed Degrees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Hofstad, Remco; Litvak, Nelli

    2014-01-01

    Mixing patterns in large self-organizing networks, such as the Internet, the World Wide Web, social, and biological networks are often characterized by degree-degree dependencies between neighboring nodes. In assortative networks, the degree-degree dependencies are positive (nodes with similar