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Sample records for definite rx matrices

  1. Bayesian Nonparametric Clustering for Positive Definite Matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherian, Anoop; Morellas, Vassilios; Papanikolopoulos, Nikolaos

    2016-05-01

    Symmetric Positive Definite (SPD) matrices emerge as data descriptors in several applications of computer vision such as object tracking, texture recognition, and diffusion tensor imaging. Clustering these data matrices forms an integral part of these applications, for which soft-clustering algorithms (K-Means, expectation maximization, etc.) are generally used. As is well-known, these algorithms need the number of clusters to be specified, which is difficult when the dataset scales. To address this issue, we resort to the classical nonparametric Bayesian framework by modeling the data as a mixture model using the Dirichlet process (DP) prior. Since these matrices do not conform to the Euclidean geometry, rather belongs to a curved Riemannian manifold,existing DP models cannot be directly applied. Thus, in this paper, we propose a novel DP mixture model framework for SPD matrices. Using the log-determinant divergence as the underlying dissimilarity measure to compare these matrices, and further using the connection between this measure and the Wishart distribution, we derive a novel DPM model based on the Wishart-Inverse-Wishart conjugate pair. We apply this model to several applications in computer vision. Our experiments demonstrate that our model is scalable to the dataset size and at the same time achieves superior accuracy compared to several state-of-the-art parametric and nonparametric clustering algorithms.

  2. Tensor Dictionary Learning for Positive Definite Matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivalingam, Ravishankar; Boley, Daniel; Morellas, Vassilios; Papanikolopoulos, Nikolaos

    2015-11-01

    Sparse models have proven to be extremely successful in image processing and computer vision. However, a majority of the effort has been focused on sparse representation of vectors and low-rank models for general matrices. The success of sparse modeling, along with popularity of region covariances, has inspired the development of sparse coding approaches for these positive definite descriptors. While in earlier work, the dictionary was formed from all, or a random subset of, the training signals, it is clearly advantageous to learn a concise dictionary from the entire training set. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for dictionary learning over positive definite matrices. The dictionary is learned by alternating minimization between sparse coding and dictionary update stages, and different atom update methods are described. A discriminative version of the dictionary learning approach is also proposed, which simultaneously learns dictionaries for different classes in classification or clustering. Experimental results demonstrate the advantage of learning dictionaries from data both from reconstruction and classification viewpoints. Finally, a software library is presented comprising C++ binaries for all the positive definite sparse coding and dictionary learning approaches presented here.

  3. Linear programming with positive semi-definite matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lasserre J. B.

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider the general linear programming problem over the cone of positive semi-definite matrices. We first provide a simple sufficient condition for existence of optimal solutions and absence of a duality gap without requiring existence of a strictly feasible solution. We then simply characterize the analogues of the standard concepts of linear programming, i.e., extreme points, basis, reduced cost, degeneracy, pivoting step as well as a Simplex-like algorithm.

  4. Geometrical Inverse Preconditioning for Symmetric Positive Definite Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Paul Chehab

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We focus on inverse preconditioners based on minimizing F ( X = 1 − cos ( X A , I , where X A is the preconditioned matrix and A is symmetric and positive definite. We present and analyze gradient-type methods to minimize F ( X on a suitable compact set. For this, we use the geometrical properties of the non-polyhedral cone of symmetric and positive definite matrices, and also the special properties of F ( X on the feasible set. Preliminary and encouraging numerical results are also presented in which dense and sparse approximations are included.

  5. A Necessary and Sufficient Condition for Products of Quasi-Positive Definite Matrices and Generalization of Schur's Theorem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A quasi-positive definite matrix is the generalization of a positive definite matrix. A necessary and sufficient condition of quasi-positive definite matrix is obtained in this paper for the Kronecker product and Hadamard product of two quasi-positive definite matrices, and Schur's achievements in Hadamard product of the positive definite matrix is generalized to quasi-positive definite matrix theory.

  6. RxClass

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The RxClass Browser is a web application for exploring and navigating through the class hierarchies to find the RxNorm drug members associated with each class....

  7. Approximate joint diagonalization and geometric mean of symmetric positive definite matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congedo, Marco; Afsari, Bijan; Barachant, Alexandre; Moakher, Maher

    2014-01-01

    We explore the connection between two problems that have arisen independently in the signal processing and related fields: the estimation of the geometric mean of a set of symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrices and their approximate joint diagonalization (AJD). Today there is a considerable interest in estimating the geometric mean of a SPD matrix set in the manifold of SPD matrices endowed with the Fisher information metric. The resulting mean has several important invariance properties and has proven very useful in diverse engineering applications such as biomedical and image data processing. While for two SPD matrices the mean has an algebraic closed form solution, for a set of more than two SPD matrices it can only be estimated by iterative algorithms. However, none of the existing iterative algorithms feature at the same time fast convergence, low computational complexity per iteration and guarantee of convergence. For this reason, recently other definitions of geometric mean based on symmetric divergence measures, such as the Bhattacharyya divergence, have been considered. The resulting means, although possibly useful in practice, do not satisfy all desirable invariance properties. In this paper we consider geometric means of covariance matrices estimated on high-dimensional time-series, assuming that the data is generated according to an instantaneous mixing model, which is very common in signal processing. We show that in these circumstances we can approximate the Fisher information geometric mean by employing an efficient AJD algorithm. Our approximation is in general much closer to the Fisher information geometric mean as compared to its competitors and verifies many invariance properties. Furthermore, convergence is guaranteed, the computational complexity is low and the convergence rate is quadratic. The accuracy of this new geometric mean approximation is demonstrated by means of simulations.

  8. Approximate Joint Diagonalization and Geometric Mean of Symmetric Positive Definite Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congedo, Marco; Afsari, Bijan; Barachant, Alexandre; Moakher, Maher

    2015-01-01

    We explore the connection between two problems that have arisen independently in the signal processing and related fields: the estimation of the geometric mean of a set of symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrices and their approximate joint diagonalization (AJD). Today there is a considerable interest in estimating the geometric mean of a SPD matrix set in the manifold of SPD matrices endowed with the Fisher information metric. The resulting mean has several important invariance properties and has proven very useful in diverse engineering applications such as biomedical and image data processing. While for two SPD matrices the mean has an algebraic closed form solution, for a set of more than two SPD matrices it can only be estimated by iterative algorithms. However, none of the existing iterative algorithms feature at the same time fast convergence, low computational complexity per iteration and guarantee of convergence. For this reason, recently other definitions of geometric mean based on symmetric divergence measures, such as the Bhattacharyya divergence, have been considered. The resulting means, although possibly useful in practice, do not satisfy all desirable invariance properties. In this paper we consider geometric means of covariance matrices estimated on high-dimensional time-series, assuming that the data is generated according to an instantaneous mixing model, which is very common in signal processing. We show that in these circumstances we can approximate the Fisher information geometric mean by employing an efficient AJD algorithm. Our approximation is in general much closer to the Fisher information geometric mean as compared to its competitors and verifies many invariance properties. Furthermore, convergence is guaranteed, the computational complexity is low and the convergence rate is quadratic. The accuracy of this new geometric mean approximation is demonstrated by means of simulations. PMID:25919667

  9. RxTerms

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — RxTerms is a drug interface terminology derived from RxNorm for prescription writing or medication history recording (e.g. in e-prescribing systems, PHRs). RxTerms...

  10. Motor Imagery Classification based on Bilinear Sub-Manifold Learning of Symmetric Positive-Definite Matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Xiaofeng; Yu, Zhu Liang; Lu, Haiping; Gu, Zhenghui; Li, Yuanqing

    2016-07-07

    In motor imagery brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), the symmetric positive-definite (SPD) covariance matrices of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals carry important discriminative information. In this paper, we intend to classify motor imagery EEG signals by exploiting the fact that the space of SPD matrices endowed with Riemannian distance is a highdimensional Riemannian manifold. To alleviate the overfitting and heavy computation problems associated with conventional classification methods on high-dimensional manifold, we propose a framework for intrinsic sub-manifold learning from a high-dimensional Riemannian manifold. Considering a special case of SPD space, a simple yet efficient bilinear sub-manifold learning (BSML) algorithm is derived to learn the intrinsic submanifold by identifying a bilinear mapping that maximizes the preservation of the local geometry and global structure of the original manifold. Two BSML-based classification algorithms are further proposed to classify the data on a learned intrinsic sub-manifold. Experimental evaluation of the classification of EEG revealed that the BSML method extracts the intrinsic submanifold approximately 5 faster and with higher classification accuracy compared with competing algorithms. The BSML also exhibited strong robustness against a small training dataset, which often occurs in BCI studies.

  11. RxNorm

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — RxNorm provides normalized names for clinical drugs and links its names to many of the drug vocabularies commonly used in pharmacy management and drug interaction...

  12. Convergence rates for reversible Markov chains without the assumption of nonnegative definite matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Explicit convergence rates in geometric and strong ergodicity for denumerable discrete time Markov chains with general reversible transition matrices are obtained in terms of the geometric moments or uniform moments of the hitting times to a fixed point.Another way by Lyapunov’s drift conditions is also used to derive these convergence rates.As a typical example,the discrete time birth-death process(random walk) is studied and the explicit criteria for geometric ergodicity are presented.

  13. Direction-preserving and Schur-monotonic Semi-separable Approximations of Symmetric Positive Definite Matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gu, Ming; Li, Xiaoye Sherry; Vassilevski, Panayot S.

    2009-10-20

    For a given symmetric positive definite matrix A {element_of} R{sup nxn}, we develop a fast and backward stable algorithm to approximate A by a symmetric positive-definite semi-separable matrix, accurate to any prescribed tolerance. In addition, this algorithm preserves the product, AZ, for a given matrix Z {element_of} R{sup nxd}, where d << n. Our algorithm guarantees the positive-definiteness of the semi-separable matrix by embedding an approximation strategy inside a Cholesky factorization procedure to ensure that the Schur complements during the Cholesky factorization all remain positive definite after approximation. It uses a robust direction-preserving approximation scheme to ensure the preservation of AZ. We present numerical experiments and discuss potential implications of our work.

  14. Direction-preserving and Schur-monotonic Semi-separable Approximations of Symmetric Positive Definite Matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gu, Ming; Li, Xiaoye Sherry; Vassilevski, Panayot S.

    2009-10-20

    For a given symmetric positive definite matrix A {element_of} R{sup nxn}, we develop a fast and backward stable algorithm to approximate A by a symmetric positive-definite semi-separable matrix, accurate to any prescribed tolerance. In addition, this algorithm preserves the product, AZ, for a given matrix Z {element_of} R{sup nxd}, where d << n. Our algorithm guarantees the positive-definiteness of the semi-separable matrix by embedding an approximation strategy inside a Cholesky factorization procedure to ensure that the Schur complements during the Cholesky factorization all remain positive definite after approximation. It uses a robust direction-preserving approximation scheme to ensure the preservation of AZ. We present numerical experiments and discuss potential implications of our work.

  15. RX130 Robot Calibration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fugal, Mario

    2012-10-01

    In order to create precision magnets for an experiment at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a new reverse engineering method has been proposed that uses the magnetic scalar potential to solve for the currents necessary to produce the desired field. To make the magnet it is proposed to use a copper coated G10 form, upon which a drill, mounted on a robotic arm, will carve wires. The accuracy required in the manufacturing of the wires exceeds nominal robot capabilities. However, due to the rigidity as well as the precision servo motor and harmonic gear drivers, there are robots capable of meeting this requirement with proper calibration. Improving the accuracy of an RX130 to be within 35 microns (the accuracy necessary of the wires) is the goal of this project. Using feedback from a displacement sensor, or camera and inverse kinematics it is possible to achieve this accuracy.

  16. THE SOLVABILITY CONDITIONS FOR THE INVERSE PROBLEM OF BISYMMETRIC NONNEGATIVE DEFINITE MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong-xiu Xie; Lei Zhang; Xi-yan Hu

    2000-01-01

    A = (aij) ∈ Rn×n is termed bisymmetric matrix if aij = aji = an-j+1,n-i+1, i,j = 1,2...n. We denote the set of all n × n bisymmetric matrices by BSRn×n. This paper is mainly concerned with solving the following two problems: Problem I. Given X, B ∈ Rn×m, find A ∈ Pn such that AX = B, where Pn = {A ∈ BSRn×n] xTAx < 0, Ax ∈ Rn}. Problem II. Given A* ∈ Rn×n, find A ∈ SE such that where ‖ ·‖F is Frobenius norm, and SE denotes the solution set of problem I. The necessary and sufficient conditions for the solvability of problem I have been studied. The general form of SE has been given. For problem II the expression of the solution has been provided.

  17. A SHIFT-SPLITTING PRECONDITIONER FOR NON-HERMITIAN POSITIVE DEFINITE MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong-zhi Bai; Jun-feng Yin; Yang-feng Su

    2006-01-01

    A shift splitting concept is introduced and, correspondingly, a shift-splitting iteration scheme and a shift-splitting preconditioner are presented, for solving the large sparse system of linear equations of which the coefficient matrix is an ill-conditioned non-Hermitian positive definite matrix. The convergence property of the shift-splitting iteration method and the eigenvalue distribution of the shift-splitting preconditioned matrix are discussed in depth, and the best possible choice of the shift is investigated in detail. Numerical computations show that the shift-splitting preconditioner can induce accurate, robust and effective preconditioned Krylov subspace iteration methods for solving the large sparse non-Hermitian positive definite systems of linear equations.

  18. Norm and anti-norm inequalities for positive semi-definite matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Bourin, Jean-Christophe

    2010-01-01

    Some subadditivity results involving symmetric (unitarily invariant) norms are obtained. For instance, if $g(t)=\\sum_{k=0}^m a_kt^k$ is a polynomial of degree $m$ with non-negative coefficients, then, for all positive operators $A,\\,B$ and all symmetric norms, $\\|g(A+B)\\|^{1/m} \\le \\|g(A)\\|^{1/m} + \\|g(B)\\|^{1/m}$. To give parallel superadditivity results, we investigate anti-norms, a class of functionals containing the Schatten $q$-norms for $q\\in(0,1]$ and $q<0$. The results are extensions of the Minkowski determinantal inequality. A few estimates for block-matrices are derived. For instance, let $f:[0,\\infty) \\to [0,\\infty)$ be concave and $p\\in(1,\\infty)$. If $f^p(t)$ is superadditive, then $Tr f(A) \\ge (\\sum_{i=1}^m f^p(a_{ii}))^{1/p}$ for all positive $m\\times m$ matrix $A=[a_{ij}]$. Furthermore, for the normalized trace $\\tau$, we consider functions $\\phi(t)$ and $f(t)$ for which the functional $A\\mapsto\\phi\\circ\\tau\\circ f(A)$ is convex or concave, and obtain a simple analytic criterion.

  19. Towards an Efficient Tile Matrix Inversion of Symmetric Positive Definite Matrices on Multicore Architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Agullo, Emmanuel; Dongarra, Jack; Kurzak, Jakub; Langou, Julien; Rosenberg, Lee

    2010-01-01

    The algorithms in the current sequential numerical linear algebra libraries (e.g. LAPACK) do not parallelize well on multicore architectures. A new family of algorithms, the tile algorithms, has recently been introduced. Previous research has shown that it is possible to write efficient and scalable tile algorithms for performing a Cholesky factorization, a (pseudo) LU factorization, and a QR factorization. In this extended abstract, we attack the problem of the computation of the inverse of a symmetric positive definite matrix. We observe that, using a dynamic task scheduler, it is relatively painless to translate existing LAPACK code to obtain a ready-to-be-executed tile algorithm. However we demonstrate that non trivial compiler techniques (array renaming, loop reversal and pipelining) need then to be applied to further increase the parallelism of our application. We present preliminary experimental results.

  20. Definition of supertypes for HLA molecules using clustering of specificity matrices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Ole; Nielsen, Morten; Kesmir, Can;

    2004-01-01

    a novel method for clustering sequence motifs. We construct hidden Markov models for HLA class I molecules using a Gibbs sampling procedure and use the similarities among these to define clusters of specificities. These clusters are extensions of the previously suggested ones. We suggest splitting some...... report that the previously observed specificities of these class II molecules can be clustered into nine classes, which only partly correspond to the serological classification. We show that classification of HLA molecules may be done in a uniform and automated way. The definition of clusters allows......Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins are encoded by extremely polymorphic genes and play a crucial role in immunity. However, not all genetically different MHC molecules are functionally different. Sette and Sidney (1999) have defined nine HLA class I supertypes and showed that with only...

  1. Infinite matrices and sequence spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Cooke, Richard G

    2014-01-01

    This clear and correct summation of basic results from a specialized field focuses on the behavior of infinite matrices in general, rather than on properties of special matrices. Three introductory chapters guide students to the manipulation of infinite matrices, covering definitions and preliminary ideas, reciprocals of infinite matrices, and linear equations involving infinite matrices.From the fourth chapter onward, the author treats the application of infinite matrices to the summability of divergent sequences and series from various points of view. Topics include consistency, mutual consi

  2. W准对称非负定矩阵反问题的解%Solutions of inverse problems for W-para-symmetric nonnegative definite matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐耀平; 周立平

    2015-01-01

    研究了 W 准对称非负定矩阵反问题的解,得到了这一问题有解的充分必要条件,并在有解的情况下给出了解的一般表达式和算法例子。%The solutions of inverse problems for W-para-symmetric nonnegative definite matrices are studies, and the necessary and sufficient conditions for the solvability of this problem are obtained. The expression and the example of general solution about this problem are given under case of having solution.

  3. Asymptotic estimates of the norms of positive definite Toeplitz matrices and detection of quasi-periodic components of stationary random signals

    OpenAIRE

    Adamyan, Vadim M; Iserte, Jose L.; Tkachenko, Igor M.

    2005-01-01

    Asymptotic forms of the Hilbert-Scmidt and Hilbert norms of positive definite Toeplitz matrices $Q_{N}=(b(j-k))_{j,k=0}^{N-1}$ as $N\\to \\infty $ are determined. Here $b(j)$ are consequent trigonometric moments of a generating non-negative mesure $d\\sigma (\\theta)$ on $[ -\\pi ,\\pi ] $. It is proven that $\\sigma (\\theta)$ is continuous if and only if any of those contributions is $o(N)$. Analogous criteria are given for positive integral operators with difference kernels. Obtained results are a...

  4. 复亚正定矩阵的行列式不等式%Determinant inequalities of complex metapositive definite matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁晖坪; 李庆玉; 张显

    2004-01-01

    研究复矩阵的正定性,无论对于理论或应用都有重要价值,是矩阵论中重要的热门课题.建立了复亚正定矩阵的一系列行列式不等式,获得了一些新的结果,改进并推广了Ky-Fan、Ostrowski-Taussky、Openheim和Hadamard等著名不等式.%To study complex metapositive definite matrix has important significance and applicable value in mathematical theory or applications, and it is one of the important popular subjects in matrix theory. Some inequalities on determinants of complex metapositive definite matrices are established, and some new results are obtained. As applications, several famous inequalities named after Ky-Fan, Ostrowski-Taussky, Openheim and Hadamard are generalized and improved.

  5. Dimensionality reduction based on distance preservation to local mean for symmetric positive definite matrices and its application in brain-computer interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davoudi, Alireza; Shiry Ghidary, Saeed; Sadatnejad, Khadijeh

    2017-06-01

    Objective. In this paper, we propose a nonlinear dimensionality reduction algorithm for the manifold of symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrices that considers the geometry of SPD matrices and provides a low-dimensional representation of the manifold with high class discrimination in a supervised or unsupervised manner. Approach. The proposed algorithm tries to preserve the local structure of the data by preserving distances to local means (DPLM) and also provides an implicit projection matrix. DPLM is linear in terms of the number of training samples. Main results. We performed several experiments on the multi-class dataset IIa from BCI competition IV and two other datasets from BCI competition III including datasets IIIa and IVa. The results show that our approach as dimensionality reduction technique—leads to superior results in comparison with other competitors in the related literature because of its robustness against outliers and the way it preserves the local geometry of the data. Significance. The experiments confirm that the combination of DPLM with filter geodesic minimum distance to mean as the classifier leads to superior performance compared with the state of the art on brain-computer interface competition IV dataset IIa. Also the statistical analysis shows that our dimensionality reduction method performs significantly better than its competitors.

  6. Simultaneous diagonalization of two quaternion matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhouJianhua

    2003-01-01

    The simultaneous diagonalization by congruence of pairs of Hermitian quatemion matrices is discussed. The problem is reduced to a parallel one on complex matrices by using the complex adjoint matrix related to each quatemion matrix. It is proved that any two semi-positive definite Hermitian quatemion matrices can be simultaneously diagonalized by congruence.

  7. Random matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Mehta, Madan Lal

    1990-01-01

    Since the publication of Random Matrices (Academic Press, 1967) so many new results have emerged both in theory and in applications, that this edition is almost completely revised to reflect the developments. For example, the theory of matrices with quaternion elements was developed to compute certain multiple integrals, and the inverse scattering theory was used to derive asymptotic results. The discovery of Selberg's 1944 paper on a multiple integral also gave rise to hundreds of recent publications. This book presents a coherent and detailed analytical treatment of random matrices, leading

  8. Abuse of Prescription (Rx) Drugs Affects Young Adults Most

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Affects Young Adults Most Abuse of Prescription (Rx) Drugs Affects Young Adults Most Email Facebook Twitter Text Description of Infographic Young adults (age 18 to 25) are the biggest abusers of prescription (Rx) opioid pain relievers, ADHD stimulants, ...

  9. Random Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Stephanov, M A; Wettig, T

    2005-01-01

    We review elementary properties of random matrices and discuss widely used mathematical methods for both hermitian and nonhermitian random matrix ensembles. Applications to a wide range of physics problems are summarized. This paper originally appeared as an article in the Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering.

  10. Formal matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Krylov, Piotr

    2017-01-01

    This monograph is a comprehensive account of formal matrices, examining homological properties of modules over formal matrix rings and summarising the interplay between Morita contexts and K theory. While various special types of formal matrix rings have been studied for a long time from several points of view and appear in various textbooks, for instance to examine equivalences of module categories and to illustrate rings with one-sided non-symmetric properties, this particular class of rings has, so far, not been treated systematically. Exploring formal matrix rings of order 2 and introducing the notion of the determinant of a formal matrix over a commutative ring, this monograph further covers the Grothendieck and Whitehead groups of rings. Graduate students and researchers interested in ring theory, module theory and operator algebras will find this book particularly valuable. Containing numerous examples, Formal Matrices is a largely self-contained and accessible introduction to the topic, assuming a sol...

  11. Graphs and matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Bapat, Ravindra B

    2014-01-01

    This new edition illustrates the power of linear algebra in the study of graphs. The emphasis on matrix techniques is greater than in other texts on algebraic graph theory. Important matrices associated with graphs (for example, incidence, adjacency and Laplacian matrices) are treated in detail. Presenting a useful overview of selected topics in algebraic graph theory, early chapters of the text focus on regular graphs, algebraic connectivity, the distance matrix of a tree, and its generalized version for arbitrary graphs, known as the resistance matrix. Coverage of later topics include Laplacian eigenvalues of threshold graphs, the positive definite completion problem and matrix games based on a graph. Such an extensive coverage of the subject area provides a welcome prompt for further exploration. The inclusion of exercises enables practical learning throughout the book. In the new edition, a new chapter is added on the line graph of a tree, while some results in Chapter 6 on Perron-Frobenius theory are reo...

  12. MERSENNE AND HADAMARD MATRICES CALCULATION BY SCARPIS METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A. Balonin

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The paper deals with the problem of basic generalizations of Hadamard matrices associated with maximum determinant matrices or not optimal by determinant matrices with orthogonal columns (weighing matrices, Mersenne and Euler matrices, ets.; calculation methods for the quasi-orthogonal local maximum determinant Mersenne matrices are not studied enough sufficiently. The goal of this paper is to develop the theory of Mersenne and Hadamard matrices on the base of generalized Scarpis method research. Methods. Extreme solutions are found in general by minimization of maximum for absolute values of the elements of studied matrices followed by their subsequent classification according to the quantity of levels and their values depending on orders. Less universal but more effective methods are based on structural invariants of quasi-orthogonal matrices (Silvester, Paley, Scarpis methods, ets.. Results. Generalizations of Hadamard and Belevitch matrices as a family of quasi-orthogonal matrices of odd orders are observed; they include, in particular, two-level Mersenne matrices. Definitions of section and layer on the set of generalized matrices are proposed. Calculation algorithms for matrices of adjacent layers and sections by matrices of lower orders are described. Approximation examples of the Belevitch matrix structures up to 22-nd critical order by Mersenne matrix of the third order are given. New formulation of the modified Scarpis method to approximate Hadamard matrices of high orders by lower order Mersenne matrices is proposed. Williamson method is described by example of one modular level matrices approximation by matrices with a small number of levels. Practical relevance. The efficiency of developing direction for the band-pass filters creation is justified. Algorithms for Mersenne matrices design by Scarpis method are used in developing software of the research program complex. Mersenne filters are based on the suboptimal by

  13. RxGen General Optical Model Prescription Generator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigrist, Norbert

    2012-01-01

    RxGen is a prescription generator for JPL's in-house optical modeling software package called MACOS (Modeling and Analysis for Controlled Optical Systems), which is an expert optical analysis software package focusing on modeling optics on dynamic structures, deformable optics, and controlled optics. The objectives of RxGen are to simplify and automate MACOS prescription generations, reducing errors associated with creating such optical prescriptions, and improving user efficiency without requiring MACOS proficiency. RxGen uses MATLAB (a high-level language and interactive environment developed by MathWorks) as the development and deployment platform, but RxGen can easily be ported to another optical modeling/analysis platform. Running RxGen within the modeling environment has the huge benefit that variations in optical models can be made an integral part of the modeling state. For instance, optical prescription parameters determined as external functional dependencies, optical variations by controlling the in-/exclusion of optical components like sub-systems, and/or controlling the state of all components. Combining the mentioned capabilities and flexibilities with RxGen's optical abstraction layer completely eliminates the hindering aspects for requiring proficiency in writing/editing MACOS prescriptions, allowing users to focus on the modeling aspects of optical systems, i.e., increasing productivity and efficiency. RxGen provides significant enhancements to MACOS and delivers a framework for fast prototyping as well as for developing very complex controlled optical systems.

  14. A graph-based approach to auditing RxNorm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodenreider, Olivier; Peters, Lee B

    2009-06-01

    RxNorm is a standardized nomenclature for clinical drug entities developed by the National Library of Medicine. In this paper, we audit relations in RxNorm for consistency and completeness through the systematic analysis of the graph of its concepts and relationships. The representation of multi-ingredient drugs is normalized in order to make it compatible with that of single-ingredient drugs. All meaningful paths between two nodes in the type graph are computed and instantiated. Alternate paths are automatically compared and manually inspected in case of inconsistency. The 115 meaningful paths identified in the type graph can be grouped into 28 groups with respect to start and end nodes. Of the 19 groups of alternate paths (i.e., with two or more paths) between the start and end nodes, 9 (47%) exhibit inconsistencies. Overall, 28 (24%) of the 115 paths are inconsistent with other alternate paths. A total of 348 inconsistencies were identified in the April 2008 version of RxNorm and reported to the RxNorm team, of which 215 (62%) had been corrected in the January 2009 version of RxNorm. The inconsistencies identified involve missing nodes (93), missing links (17), extraneous links (237) and one case of mix-up between two ingredients. Our auditing method proved effective in identifying a limited number of errors that had defeated the quality assurance mechanisms currently in place in the RxNorm production system. Some recommendations for the development of RxNorm are provided.

  15. Inverse m-matrices and ultrametric matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Dellacherie, Claude; San Martin, Jaime

    2014-01-01

    The study of M-matrices, their inverses and discrete potential theory is now a well-established part of linear algebra and the theory of Markov chains. The main focus of this monograph is the so-called inverse M-matrix problem, which asks for a characterization of nonnegative matrices whose inverses are M-matrices. We present an answer in terms of discrete potential theory based on the Choquet-Deny Theorem. A distinguished subclass of inverse M-matrices is ultrametric matrices, which are important in applications such as taxonomy. Ultrametricity is revealed to be a relevant concept in linear algebra and discrete potential theory because of its relation with trees in graph theory and mean expected value matrices in probability theory. Remarkable properties of Hadamard functions and products for the class of inverse M-matrices are developed and probabilistic insights are provided throughout the monograph.

  16. Random unistochastic matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zyczkowski, Karol [Centrum Fizyki Teoretycznej, Polska Akademia Nauk, Al. Lotnikow 32/44, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Kus, Marek [Centrum Fizyki Teoretycznej, Polska Akademia Nauk, Al. Lotnikow 32/44, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Slomczynski, Wojciech [Instytut Matematyki, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, ul. Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow (Poland); Sommers, Hans-Juergen [Fachbereich 7 Physik, Universitaet Essen, 45117 Essen (Germany)

    2003-03-28

    An ensemble of random unistochastic (orthostochastic) matrices is defined by taking squared moduli of elements of random unitary (orthogonal) matrices distributed according to the Haar measure on U(N) (or O(N)). An ensemble of symmetric unistochastic matrices is obtained with use of unitary symmetric matrices pertaining to the circular orthogonal ensemble. We study the distribution of complex eigenvalues of bistochastic, unistochastic and orthostochastic matrices in the complex plane. We compute averages (entropy, traces) over the ensembles of unistochastic matrices and present inequalities concerning the entropies of products of bistochastic matrices.

  17. Random unistochastic matrices

    OpenAIRE

    Zyczkowski, K.; Slomczynski, W.; Kus, M.; Sommers, H. -J.

    2001-01-01

    An ensemble of random unistochastic (orthostochastic) matrices is defined by taking squared moduli of elements of random unitary (orthogonal) matrices distributed according to the Haar measure on U(N) (or O(N), respectively). An ensemble of symmetric unistochastic matrices is obtained with use of unitary symmetric matrices pertaining to the circular orthogonal ensemble. We study the distribution of complex eigenvalues of bistochastic, unistochastic and ortostochastic matrices in the complex p...

  18. Equalization method for Medipix3RX

    CERN Document Server

    Rinkel, Jean; Wagner, Franz; Frojdh, Erik; Ballabriga Sune, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes a new method of threshold equalization for X-ray detectors based on the Medipix3RX ASIC, using electrical pulses to calibrate and correct for the threshold dispersion between pixels. This method involves a coarse threshold tuning, based on two 8 bits global DACs and which sets the range of variation of the threshold values; and a fine-tuning, based on two 5-bits adjustment DACs per pixel. As our fine-tuning approach is based on a state-of-the-art methodology, our coarse tuning relies on an original theoretical model. This model takes into account the noise level of the ASIC, which varies with temperature and received radiation dose. The experimental results using 300 μm Si sensor and Kα fluorescence of Zn show a global energy resolution improvement of 14% compared to previous equalization methods. We compared these results with the best achievable global energy resolution given by the resolution of individual pixels and concluded that the remaining 14% difference was due to the discreti...

  19. Fungible Correlation Matrices: A Method for Generating Nonsingular, Singular, and Improper Correlation Matrices for Monte Carlo Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, Niels G

    2016-01-01

    For a fixed set of standardized regression coefficients and a fixed coefficient of determination (R-squared), an infinite number of predictor correlation matrices will satisfy the implied quadratic form. I call such matrices fungible correlation matrices. In this article, I describe an algorithm for generating positive definite (PD), positive semidefinite (PSD), or indefinite (ID) fungible correlation matrices that have a random or fixed smallest eigenvalue. The underlying equations of this algorithm are reviewed from both algebraic and geometric perspectives. Two simulation studies illustrate that fungible correlation matrices can be profitably used in Monte Carlo research. The first study uses PD fungible correlation matrices to compare penalized regression algorithms. The second study uses ID fungible correlation matrices to compare matrix-smoothing algorithms. R code for generating fungible correlation matrices is presented in the supplemental materials.

  20. GENERALIZED NEKRASOV MATRICES AND APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mingxian Pang; Zhuxiang Li

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, the concept of generalized Nekrasov matrices is introduced, some properties of these matrices are discussed, obtained equivalent representation of generalized diagonally dominant matrices.

  1. Introduction into Hierarchical Matrices

    KAUST Repository

    Litvinenko, Alexander

    2013-12-05

    Hierarchical matrices allow us to reduce computational storage and cost from cubic to almost linear. This technique can be applied for solving PDEs, integral equations, matrix equations and approximation of large covariance and precision matrices.

  2. BLOCK H-MATRICES AND SPECTRUM OF BLOCK MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄廷祝; 黎稳

    2002-01-01

    The block H-matrices are studied by the concept of G-functions, several concepts of block matrices are introduced. Equivalent characters of block H-matrices are obtained. Spectrum localizations claracterized by Gfunctions for block matrices are got.

  3. RX J1856.5-3754: A Strange Star with Solid Quark Surface?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaoling; Xu, Renxin; Zhang, Shuangnan

    2003-01-01

    The featureless spectra of isolated 'neutron stars' may indicate that they are actually bare strange stars but a definitive conclusion on the nature of the compact objects cannot be reached until accurate and theoretically calculated spectra of the bare quark surface are known. However due to the complex nonlinearity of quantum chromodynamics it is almost impossible to present a definitive and accurate calculation of the density-dominated quark-gluon plasma from the first principles. Nevertheless it was suggested that cold quark matter with extremely high baryon density could be in a solid state. Within the realms of this possibility we have fitted the 500ks Chandra LETG/HRC data for the brightest isolated neutron star RX 51856.5-3754 with a phenomenological spectral model and found that electric conductivity of quark matter on the stellar surface is about 1.5 x 10(exp 16)/s.

  4. RX J1856.5-3754: A Strange Star with Solid Quark Surface?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaoling; Xu, Renxin; Zhang, Shuangnan

    2003-01-01

    The featureless spectra of isolated 'neutron stars' may indicate that they are actually bare strange stars but a definitive conclusion on the nature of the compact objects cannot be reached until accurate and theoretically calculated spectra of the bare quark surface are known. However due to the complex nonlinearity of quantum chromodynamics it is almost impossible to present a definitive and accurate calculation of the density-dominated quark-gluon plasma from the first principles. Nevertheless it was suggested that cold quark matter with extremely high baryon density could be in a solid state. Within the realms of this possibility we have fitted the 500ks Chandra LETG/HRC data for the brightest isolated neutron star RX 51856.5-3754 with a phenomenological spectral model and found that electric conductivity of quark matter on the stellar surface is about 1.5 x 10(exp 16)/s.

  5. Circulant conference matrices for new complex Hadamard matrices

    OpenAIRE

    Dita, Petre

    2011-01-01

    The circulant real and complex matrices are used to find new real and complex conference matrices. With them we construct Sylvester inverse orthogonal matrices by doubling the size of inverse complex conference matrices. When the free parameters take values on the unit circle the inverse orthogonal matrices transform into complex Hadamard matrices. The method is used for $n=6$ conference matrices and in this way we find new parametrisations of Hadamard matrices for dimension $ n=12$.

  6. S-matrices and integrability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bombardelli, Diego

    2016-08-01

    In these notes we review the S-matrix theory in (1+1)-dimensional integrable models, focusing mainly on the relativistic case. Once the main definitions and physical properties are introduced, we discuss the factorization of scattering processes due to integrability. We then focus on the analytic properties of the two-particle scattering amplitude and illustrate the derivation of the S-matrices for all the possible bound states using the so-called bootstrap principle. General algebraic structures underlying the S-matrix theory and its relation with the form factors axioms are briefly mentioned. Finally, we discuss the S-matrices of sine-Gordon and SU(2), SU(3) chiral Gross-Neveu models. In loving memory of Lilia Grandi.

  7. APPLICATIONS OF STAIR MATRICES AND THEIR GENERALIZATIONS TO ITERATIVE METHODS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAO Xin-hui; SHEN Hai-long; LI Chang-jun

    2006-01-01

    Stair matrices and their generalizations are introduced. The definitions and some properties of the matrices were first given by Lu Hao. This class of matrices provide bases of matrix splittings for iterative methods. The remarkable feature of iterative methods based on the new class of matrices is that the methods are easily implemented for parallel computation. In particular, a generalization of the accelerated overrelaxation method (GAOR) is introduced. Some theories of the AOR method are extended to the generalized method to include a wide class of matrices. The convergence of the new method is derived for Hermitian positive definite matrices. Finally, some examples are given in order to show the superiority of the new method.

  8. Random bistochastic matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cappellini, Valerio [' Mark Kac' Complex Systems Research Centre, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, ul. Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland); Sommers, Hans-Juergen [Fachbereich Physik, Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, Campus Duisburg, 47048 Duisburg (Germany); Bruzda, Wojciech; Zyczkowski, Karol [Instytut Fizyki im. Smoluchowskiego, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, ul. Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)], E-mail: valerio@ictp.it, E-mail: h.j.sommers@uni-due.de, E-mail: w.bruzda@uj.edu.pl, E-mail: karol@cft.edu.pl

    2009-09-11

    Ensembles of random stochastic and bistochastic matrices are investigated. While all columns of a random stochastic matrix can be chosen independently, the rows and columns of a bistochastic matrix have to be correlated. We evaluate the probability measure induced into the Birkhoff polytope of bistochastic matrices by applying the Sinkhorn algorithm to a given ensemble of random stochastic matrices. For matrices of order N = 2 we derive explicit formulae for the probability distributions induced by random stochastic matrices with columns distributed according to the Dirichlet distribution. For arbitrary N we construct an initial ensemble of stochastic matrices which allows one to generate random bistochastic matrices according to a distribution locally flat at the center of the Birkhoff polytope. The value of the probability density at this point enables us to obtain an estimation of the volume of the Birkhoff polytope, consistent with recent asymptotic results.

  9. Random Bistochastic Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Cappellini, V; Bruzda, W; Zyczkowski, K

    2009-01-01

    Ensembles of random stochastic and bistochastic matrices are investigated. While all columns of a random stochastic matrix can be chosen independently, the rows and columns of a bistochastic matrix have to be correlated. We evaluate the probability measure induced into the Birkhoff polytope of bistochastic matrices by applying the Sinkhorn algorithm to a given ensemble of random stochastic matrices. For matrices of order N=2 we derive explicit formulae for the probability distributions induced by random stochastic matrices with columns distributed according to the Dirichlet distribution. For arbitrary $N$ we construct an initial ensemble of stochastic matrices which allows one to generate random bistochastic matrices according to a distribution locally flat at the center of the Birkhoff polytope. The value of the probability density at this point enables us to obtain an estimation of the volume of the Birkhoff polytope, consistent with recent asymptotic results.

  10. 马自达RX-8限量版

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    为纪念马自达的转子发动机车辆在全球销售整40年,马自达公司在日本推出了一款限量版马自达RX-8。从1967年马自达引入第一款搭载转子发动机的车型至今即CosmoSport(海外名字是110S),马自达一直坚持不懈地生产和销售转子发动机车型.最著名的有Familia Rotary Coupe(海外称呼为R100),Savanna(RX-3),RX-7还有Eunos Cosmo。现在马自达则是致力于研究减少油耗和排放。

  11. A Few Applications of Imprecise Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahalad Borgoyary

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article introduces generalized form of extension definition of the Fuzzy set and its complement in the sense of reference function namely in imprecise set and its complement. Discuss Partial presence of element, Membership value of an imprecise number in the normal and subnormal imprecise numbers. Further on the basis of reference function define usual matrix into imprecise form with new notation. And with the help of maximum and minimum operators, obtain some new matrices like reducing imprecise matrices, complement of reducing imprecise matrix etc. Along with discuss some of the classical matrix properties which are hold good in the imprecise matrix also. Further bring out examples of application of the addition of imprecise matrices, subtraction of imprecise matrices etc. in the field of transportation problems.

  12. Constraining the Geometry of the Neutron Star RX J1856.5-3754

    CERN Document Server

    Ho, Wynn C G

    2007-01-01

    RX J1856.5-3754 is one of the brightest, nearby isolated neutron stars, and considerable observational resources have been devoted to its study. In previous work, we found that our latest models of a magnetic, hydrogen atmosphere matches well the entire spectrum, from X-rays to optical (with best-fitting neutron star radius R=14 km, gravitational redshift z_g~0.2, and magnetic field B~4x10^12 G). A remaining puzzle is the non-detection of rotational modulation of the X-ray emission, despite extensive searches. The situation changed recently with XMM-Newton observations that uncovered 7 s pulsations at the 1% level. By comparing the predictions of our model (which includes simple dipolar-like surface distributions of magnetic field and temperature) with the observed brightness variations, we are able to constrain the geometry of RX J1856.5-3754, with one angle < 6 deg and the other angle = 20-45 deg, though the solutions are not definitive given the observational and model uncertainties. These angles indica...

  13. Complex Hadamard matrices from Sylvester inverse orthogonal matrices

    OpenAIRE

    Dita, Petre

    2009-01-01

    A novel method to obtain parametrizations of complex inverse orthogonal matrices is provided. These matrices are natural generalizations of complex Hadamard matrices which depend on non zero complex parameters. The method we use is via doubling the size of inverse complex conference matrices. When the free parameters take values on the unit circle the inverse orthogonal matrices transform into complex Hadamard matrices, and in this way we find new parametrizations of Hadamard matrices for dim...

  14. Matrices and linear transformations

    CERN Document Server

    Cullen, Charles G

    1990-01-01

    ""Comprehensive . . . an excellent introduction to the subject."" - Electronic Engineer's Design Magazine.This introductory textbook, aimed at sophomore- and junior-level undergraduates in mathematics, engineering, and the physical sciences, offers a smooth, in-depth treatment of linear algebra and matrix theory. The major objects of study are matrices over an arbitrary field. Contents include Matrices and Linear Systems; Vector Spaces; Determinants; Linear Transformations; Similarity: Part I and Part II; Polynomials and Polynomial Matrices; Matrix Analysis; and Numerical Methods. The first

  15. A Simple Cocyclic Jacket Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moon Ho Lee

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a new class of cocyclic Jacket matrices over complex number field with any size. We also construct cocyclic Jacket matrices over the finite field. Such kind of matrices has close relation with unitary matrices which are a first hand tool in solving many problems in mathematical and theoretical physics. Based on the analysis of the relation between cocyclic Jacket matrices and unitary matrices, the common method for factorizing these two kinds of matrices is presented.

  16. 78 FR 26069 - Top RX Pharmacy; Decision and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-03

    ... Enforcement Administration Top RX Pharmacy; Decision and Order On November 8, 2012, Chief Administrative Law... ALJ's reasoning suggests that ``inaction'' on the part of a pharmacy's principals in dispensing.../Pharmacy Nos. 219 and 5195, 77 FR 62316, 62317-22 (2012). Order Pursuant to the authority vested in me by...

  17. On greedy and submodular matrices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faigle, U.; Kern, Walter; Peis, Britta; Marchetti-Spaccamela, Alberto; Segal, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We characterize non-negative greedy matrices, i.e., 0-1 matrices $A$ such that max $\\{c^Tx|Ax \\le b,\\,x \\ge 0\\}$ can be solved greedily. We identify submodular matrices as a special subclass of greedy matrices. Finally, we extend the notion of greediness to $\\{-1,0,+1\\}$-matrices. We present

  18. Gaussian Fibonacci Circulant Type Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaolin Jiang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Circulant matrices have become important tools in solving integrable system, Hamiltonian structure, and integral equations. In this paper, we prove that Gaussian Fibonacci circulant type matrices are invertible matrices for n>2 and give the explicit determinants and the inverse matrices. Furthermore, the upper bounds for the spread on Gaussian Fibonacci circulant and left circulant matrices are presented, respectively.

  19. Using the RxNorm web services API for quality assurance purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Lee; Bodenreider, Olivier

    2008-11-06

    Auditing large, rapidly evolving terminological systems is still a challenge. In the case of RxNorm, a standardized nomenclature for clinical drugs, we argue that quality assurance processes can benefit from the recently released application programming interface (API) provided by RxNav. We demonstrate the usefulness of the API by performing a systematic comparison of alternative paths in the RxNorm graph, over several thousands of drug entities. This study revealed potential errors in RxNorm, currently under review. The results also prompted us to modify the implementation of RxNav to navigate the RxNorm graph more accurately. The RxNav web services API used in this experiment is robust and fast.

  20. Invertible flexible matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Justino, Júlia

    2017-06-01

    Matrices with coefficients having uncertainties of type o (.) or O (.), called flexible matrices, are studied from the point of view of nonstandard analysis. The uncertainties of the afore-mentioned kind will be given in the form of the so-called neutrices, for instance the set of all infinitesimals. Since flexible matrices have uncertainties in their coefficients, it is not possible to define the identity matrix in an unique way and so the notion of spectral identity matrix arises. Not all nonsingular flexible matrices can be turned into a spectral identity matrix using Gauss-Jordan elimination method, implying that that not all nonsingular flexible matrices have the inverse matrix. Under certain conditions upon the size of the uncertainties appearing in a nonsingular flexible matrix, a general theorem concerning the boundaries of its minors is presented which guarantees the existence of the inverse matrix of a nonsingular flexible matrix.

  1. Almost Hadamard matrices: general theory and examples

    CERN Document Server

    Banica, Teodor; Zyczkowski, Karol

    2012-01-01

    We develop a general theory of "almost Hadamard matrices". These are by definition the matrices $H\\in M_N(\\mathbb R)$ having the property that $U=H/\\sqrt{N}$ is orthogonal, and is a local maximum of the 1-norm on O(N). Our study includes a detailed discussion of the circulant case ($H_{ij}=\\gamma_{j-i}$) and of the two-entry case ($H_{ij}\\in\\{x,y\\}$), with the construction of several families of examples, and some 1-norm computations.

  2. Asymmetric random matrices: What do we need them for?

    CERN Document Server

    Drozdz, Stanislaw; Ioannides, Andreas A; 10.5506/APhysPolB.42.987

    2011-01-01

    Complex systems are typically represented by large ensembles of observations. Correlation matrices provide an efficient formal framework to extract information from such multivariate ensembles and identify in a quantifiable way patterns of activity that are reproducible with statistically significant frequency compared to a reference chance probability, usually provided by random matrices as fundamental reference. The character of the problem and especially the symmetries involved must guide the choice of random matrices to be used for the definition of a baseline reference. For standard correlation matrices this is the Wishart ensemble of symmetric random matrices. The real world complexity however often shows asymmetric information flows and therefore more general correlation matrices are required to adequately capture the asymmetry. Here we first summarize the relevant theoretical concepts. We then present some examples of human brain activity where asymmetric time-lagged correlations are evident and hence...

  3. On the tensor Permutation Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Rakotonirina, Christian

    2011-01-01

    A property that tensor permutation matrices permutate tensor product of rectangle matrices is shown. Some examples, in the particular case of tensor commutation matrices, for studying some linear matricial equations are given.

  4. On free matrices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Britz, Thomas

    Bipartite graphs and digraphs are used to describe algebraic operations on a free matrix, including Moore-Penrose inversion, finding Schur complements, and normalized LU factorization. A description of the structural properties of a free matrix and its Moore-Penrose inverse is proved, and necessa...... and sufficient conditions are given for the Moore-Penrose inverse of a free matrix to be free. Several of these results are generalized with respect to a family of matrices that contains both the free matrices and the nearly reducible matrices....

  5. On free matrices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Britz, Thomas

    Bipartite graphs and digraphs are used to describe algebraic operations on a free matrix, including Moore-Penrose inversion, finding Schur complements, and normalized LU factorization. A description of the structural properties of a free matrix and its Moore-Penrose inverse is proved, and necessa...... and sufficient conditions are given for the Moore-Penrose inverse of a free matrix to be free. Several of these results are generalized with respect to a family of matrices that contains both the free matrices and the nearly reducible matrices....

  6. Microbe-independent entry of oomycete RxLR effectors and fungal RxLR-like effectors into plant and animal cells is specific and reproducible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, Brett M; Kale, Shiv D; Wang, Qunqing; Tao, Kai; Clark, Helen R; Drews, Kelly; Antignani, Vincenzo; Rumore, Amanda; Hayes, Tristan; Plett, Jonathan M; Fudal, Isabelle; Gu, Biao; Chen, Qinghe; Affeldt, Katharyn J; Berthier, Erwin; Fischer, Gregory J; Dou, Daolong; Shan, Weixing; Keller, Nancy P; Martin, Francis; Rouxel, Thierry; Lawrence, Christopher B

    2013-06-01

    A wide diversity of pathogens and mutualists of plant and animal hosts, including oomycetes and fungi, produce effector proteins that enter the cytoplasm of host cells. A major question has been whether or not entry by these effectors can occur independently of the microbe or requires machinery provided by the microbe. Numerous publications have documented that oomycete RxLR effectors and fungal RxLR-like effectors can enter plant and animal cells independent of the microbe. A recent reexamination of whether the RxLR domain of oomycete RxLR effectors is sufficient for microbe-independent entry into host cells concluded that the RxLR domains of Phytophthora infestans Avr3a and of P. sojae Avr1b alone are NOT sufficient to enable microbe-independent entry of proteins into host and nonhost plant and animal cells. Here, we present new, more detailed data that unambiguously demonstrate that the RxLR domain of Avr1b does show efficient and specific entry into soybean root cells and also into wheat leaf cells, at levels well above background nonspecific entry. We also summarize host cell entry experiments with a wide diversity of oomycete and fungal effectors with RxLR or RxLR-like motifs that have been independently carried out by the seven different labs that coauthored this letter. Finally we discuss possible technical reasons why specific cell entry may have been not detected by Wawra et al. (2013).

  7. Hermitian quark matrices

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Narendra Singh

    2003-01-01

    Assuming a relation between the quark mass matrices of the two sectors a unique solution can be obtained for the CKM flavor mixing matrix. A numerical example is worked out which is in excellent agreement with experimental data.

  8. Submillimetre observations of RX J1856.5--3754

    CERN Document Server

    Posselt, B; Perna, R; Sommer, M W; Klein, B; Slane, P

    2010-01-01

    We report on submillimetre bolometer observations of the isolated neutron star RX J1856.5--3754 using the LABOCA bolometer array on the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX) Telescope. No cold dust continuum emission peak at the position of RX J1856.5--3754 was detected. The 3 sigma flux density upper limit of 5 mJy translates into a cold dust mass limit of a few earth masses. We use the new submillimetre limit, together with a previously obtained H-band limit, to constrain the presence of a gaseous, circumpulsar disc. Adopting a simple irradiated-disc model, we obtain a mass accretion limit of dM/dt less than 10^{14} g/s, and a maximum outer disc radius of around 10^{14} cm. By examining the projected proper motion of RX J1856.5--3754, we speculate about a possible encounter of the neutron star with a dense fragment of the CrA molecular cloud a few thousand years ago.

  9. P2RX7: A receptor with a split personality in inflammation and cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Virgilio, Francesco

    2016-03-01

    P2X7 (also known as P2RX7) is a plasma membrane receptor for extracellular ATP that is expressed at a high level by immune and tumor cells. Previous data showed that increased P2rx7 expression by tumor cells accelerates tumor progression. We have now looked at the other side of the relationship by investigating the effect of a lack of host P2rx7 expression on tumor growth. Our novel observations highlight a surprising role of host P2rx7 in restraining tumor progression.

  10. Moment Matrices, Border Bases and Real Radical Computation

    OpenAIRE

    Lasserre, Jean-Bernard; Laurent, Monique; Mourrain, Bernard; Rostalski, Philipp; Trébuchet, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    International audience; In this paper, we describe new methods to compute the radical (resp. real radical) of an ideal, assuming it complex (resp. real) variety is finite. The aim is to combine approaches for solving a system of polynomial equations with dual methods which involve moment matrices and semi-definite programming. While the border basis algorithms of [17] are efficient and numerically stable for computing complex roots, algorithms based on moment matrices [12] allow the incorpora...

  11. Matrices in Engineering Problems

    CERN Document Server

    Tobias, Marvin

    2011-01-01

    This book is intended as an undergraduate text introducing matrix methods as they relate to engineering problems. It begins with the fundamentals of mathematics of matrices and determinants. Matrix inversion is discussed, with an introduction of the well known reduction methods. Equation sets are viewed as vector transformations, and the conditions of their solvability are explored. Orthogonal matrices are introduced with examples showing application to many problems requiring three dimensional thinking. The angular velocity matrix is shown to emerge from the differentiation of the 3-D orthogo

  12. RX J1856-3754 Evidence for a Stiff EOS

    CERN Document Server

    Braje, T M; Braje, Timothy M.; Romani, Roger W.

    2002-01-01

    We have examined the soft X-ray plus optical/UV spectrum of the nearby isolated neutron star RX J1856-3754, comparing with detailed models of a thermally emitting surface. Like previous investigators, we find the spectrum is best fit by a two-temperature blackbody model. In addition, our simulations constrain the allowed viewing geometry from the observed pulse fraction upper limits. These simulations show that RX J1856-3754 is very likely to be a normal young pulsar, with the non-thermal radio beam missing Earth's line of sight. The SED limits on the model parameter space put a strong constraint on the star's M/R. At the measured parallax distance, the allowed range for Mstar=1.5Msun is Rstar=13.7+/-0.6km. Under this interpretation, the EOS is relatively stiff near nuclear density and the `Quark Star' EOS posited in some previous studies is strongly excluded. The data also constrain the surface T distribution over the polar cap.

  13. Introduction to matrices and vectors

    CERN Document Server

    Schwartz, Jacob T

    2001-01-01

    In this concise undergraduate text, the first three chapters present the basics of matrices - in later chapters the author shows how to use vectors and matrices to solve systems of linear equations. 1961 edition.

  14. Paraunitary matrices and group rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barry Hurley

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Design methods for paraunitary matrices from complete orthogonal sets of idempotents and related matrix structuresare presented. These include techniques for designing non-separable multidimensional paraunitary matrices. Properties of the structures are obtained and proofs given. Paraunitary matrices play a central role in signal processing, inparticular in the areas of filterbanks and wavelets.

  15. Relaxor ferroeletric behavior in S r1 -xP rxTi O3 : Cooperation between polar and antiferrodistortive instabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Checchia, Stefano; Allieta, Mattia; Coduri, Mauro; Brunelli, Michela; Scavini, Marco

    2016-09-01

    Chemical doping at the Sr and Ti sites is a feasible way to alter the quantum paraelectric state of SrTi O3 perovskite. Doping with Pr is known to induce relaxor ferroelectricity at room temperature in the S r1 -xP rxTi O3 solid solution. The relationship between its dielectric properties and structural phase transition has been debated, but no definitive structural argument has been proposed. Here we present a systematic structural study of S r1 -xP rxTi O3 (0.020 ≤x ≤0.150 ). We establish the structural phase diagram using high-resolution x-ray powder diffraction by finding the antiferrodistortive structural phase transitions for all the compositions studied. By using pair distribution function analysis, we show the mismatch between local and long-range structures in terms of increased local order parameters. Finally, we propose a correlation between the local structural order parameters and the emergence of hard polar modes as found by Raman spectroscopy. Our results are quantitatively consistent with recent theoretical calculations showing that the increase of local tetragonality and local octahedral tilting above a critical value in fact underlie the polar instability. This confirms that structural orders involving both polar and antiferrodistortive characters compete and cooperate at different levels, promoting ferroelectricity in S r1 -xP rxTi O3 .

  16. Stable lepton mass matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Domcke, Valerie

    2016-01-01

    We study natural lepton mass matrices, obtained assuming the stability of physical flavour observables with respect to the variations of individual matrix elements. We identify all four possible stable neutrino textures from algebraic conditions on their entries. Two of them turn out to be uniquely associated to specific neutrino mass patterns. We then concentrate on the semi-degenerate pattern, corresponding to an overall neutrino mass scale within the reach of future experiments. In this context we show that i) the neutrino and charged lepton mixings and mass matrices are largely constrained by the requirement of stability, ii) naturalness considerations give a mild preference for the Majorana phase most relevant for neutrinoless double-beta decay, $\\alpha \\sim \\pi/2$, and iii) SU(5) unification allows to extend the implications of stability to the down quark sector. The above considerations would benefit from an experimental determination of the PMNS ratio $|U_{32}/U_{31}|$, i.e. of the Dirac phase $\\delta...

  17. Singular Mueller matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Gil, José J; José, Ignacio San

    2015-01-01

    Singular Mueller matrices play an important role in polarization algebra and have peculiar properties that stem from the fact that either the medium exhibits maximum diattenuation and/or polarizance, or because its associated canonical depolarizer has the property of fully randomizing, the circular component (at least) of the states of polarization of light incident on it. The formal reasons for which the Mueller matrix M of a given medium is singular are systematically investigated, analyzed and interpreted in the framework of the serial decompositions and the characteristic ellipsoids of M. The analysis allows for a general classification and geometric representation of singular Mueller matrices, of potential usefulness to experimentalists dealing with such media.

  18. Nanoceramic Matrices: Biomedical Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willi Paul

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural bone consisted of calcium phosphate with nanometer-sized needle-like crystals of approximately 5-20 nm width by 60 nm length. Synthetic calcium phosphates and Bioglass are biocompatible and bioactive as they bond to bone and enhance bone tissue formation. This property is attributed to their similarity with the mineral phase of natural bone except its constituent particle size. Calcium phosphate ceramics have been used in dentistry and orthopedics for over 30 years because of these properties. Several studies indicated that incorporation of growth hormones into these ceramic matrices facilitated increased tissue regeneration. Nanophase calcium phosphates can mimic the dimensions of constituent components of natural tissues; can modulate enhanced osteoblast adhesion and resorption with long-term functionality of tissue engineered implants. This mini review discusses some of the recent developments in nanophase ceramic matrices utilized for bone tissue engineering.

  19. On Random Correlation Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-10-28

    the spectral features of the resulting matrices are unknown. Method 2: Perturbation about a Mean This method is discussed by Marsaglia and Okin,10...complete regressor set. Finally, Marsaglia and Olkin (1984, Reference 10) give a rigorous mathematical description of Methods 2 through 4 described in the...short paper by Marsaglia 46 has a review of these early contributions, along with an improved method. More recent references are the pragmatic paper

  20. Lectures on S-matrices and Integrability

    CERN Document Server

    Bombardelli, Diego

    2016-01-01

    In these notes we review the S-matrix theory in (1+1)-dimensional integrable models, focusing mainly on the relativistic case. Once the main definitions and physical properties are introduced, we discuss the factorization of scattering processes due to integrability. We then focus on the analytic properties of the 2-particle scattering amplitude and illustrate the derivation of the S-matrices for all the possible bound states using the so-called bootstrap principle. General algebraic structures underlying the S-matrix theory and its relation with the form factors axioms are briefly mentioned. Finally, we discuss the S-matrices of sine-Gordon and SU(2), SU(3) chiral Gross-Neveu models. This is part of a collection of lecture notes for the Young Researchers Integrability School, organised by the GATIS network at Durham University on 6-10 July 2015.

  1. Concentration for noncommutative polynomials in random matrices

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    We present a concentration inequality for linear functionals of noncommutative polynomials in random matrices. Our hypotheses cover most standard ensembles, including Gaussian matrices, matrices with independent uniformly bounded entries and unitary or orthogonal matrices.

  2. Rx3 and Shh direct anisotropic growth and specification in the zebrafish tuberal/anterior hypothalamus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthu, Victor; Eachus, Helen; Ellis, Pam; Brown, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    In the developing brain, growth and differentiation are intimately linked. Here, we show that in the zebrafish embryo, the homeodomain transcription factor Rx3 coordinates these processes to build the tuberal/anterior hypothalamus. Analysis of rx3 chk mutant/rx3 morphant fish and EdU pulse-chase studies reveal that rx3 is required to select tuberal/anterior hypothalamic progenitors and to orchestrate their anisotropic growth. In the absence of Rx3 function, progenitors accumulate in the third ventricular wall, die or are inappropriately specified, the shh+ anterior recess does not form, and its resident pomc+, ff1b+ and otpb+ Th1+ cells fail to differentiate. Manipulation of Shh signalling shows that Shh coordinates progenitor cell selection and behaviour by acting as an on-off switch for rx3. Together, our studies show that Shh and Rx3 govern formation of a distinct progenitor domain that elaborates patterning through its anisotropic growth and differentiation. PMID:27317806

  3. The X-ray spectrum of RX J1914.4+2456 revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Ramsay, Gavin

    2007-01-01

    It has been proposed that RX J1914.4+2456 is a stellar binary system with an orbital period of 9.5 mins. As such it shares many similar properties with RX J0806.3+1527 (5.4 mins). However, while the X-ray spectrum of RX J0806.3+1527 can be modelled using a simple absorbed blackbody, the X-ray spectrum of RX J1914.4+2456 has proved difficult to fit using a physically plausible model. In this paper we re-examine the available X-ray spectra of RX J1914.4+2456 taken using XMM-Newton. We find that the X-ray spectra can be fitted using a simple blackbody and an absorption component which has a significant enhancement of neon compared to the solar value. We propose that the material in the inter-binary system is significantly enhanced with neon. This makes its intrinsic X-ray spectrum virtually identical to RX J0806.3+1527. We re-access the X-ray luminosity of RX J1914.4+2456 and the implications of these results.

  4. RX J0719.2+6557 A new eclipsing polar

    CERN Document Server

    Tovmassian, G H; Zickgraf, F J; Kroll, P; Krautter, J; Thiering, I; Zharykov, S V; Serrano, A

    1997-01-01

    A new magnetic cataclysmic variable is identified as the counterpart of the X-ray source RX J0719.2+6557. The emission lines show radial velocity variations with a period of 98.2 min. This coincides with the period of deep eclipses (up to 4 mag) in the photometric light curve. The phase of the eclipse relative to the spectroscopic phase, and its structure indicates that the dominant source of emission is located on the stream of accreting matter, which is eclipsed by the secondary companion. The emission lines bear evidence of a weaker component, most probably the contribution from the heated side of the secondary star. These features define this object as a probable polar in a high state. NIR spectroscopy revealed some unusual, strong emission features at 8200

  5. Tx-Rx Isolation Exploiting Tunable Balanced-Unbalanced Antennas Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tatomirescu, Alexandru; Alrabadi, Osama; Pedersen, Gert Frølund

    2012-01-01

    The duplex filter is probably still the most expensive component in mobile handsets for the significant Transmitter (Tx) — Receiver (Rx) isolation required. This paper suggests to relax or even replace the duplex filter by equipping the Tx and the Rx with two separate antennas. The two antennas...... are different in the sense that one is balanced and the other is unbalanced. By properly controlling the two arms of the balanced antenna, impressive Tx-Rx isolation is obtained by canceling the coupling trans-impedance between the two antennas....

  6. The Hemochron Response RxDx heparin and protamine dosing system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaryno, Stacy A; Zucker, Marcia L; LaDuca, Frank M

    2004-09-01

    The use of dosing assays to calculate heparin and protamine dose requirements during cardiac surgery has been shown to significantly improve overall postoperative patient outcome. When patients are managed with an individualized dosing system, intraoperative and postoperative transfusion requirements and bleeding are reduced. The Hemochron RxDx system is widely used as a complement to traditional activated clotting time testing to optimize anticoagulation management. The system consists of the heparin response test, the protamine response test, and the protamine dose assay. All are modifications of the activated clotting time using either Celite (Celite Corporation, Santa Barbara, CA) or kaolin as the activator. Dosing is calculated manually using earlier version Hemochron instruments (model 801) or automatically with the Hemochron 8000 or with the early versions of the Hemochron Response and the personal digital assistant (PDA) RxDx calculator. Missing from available user options is an automated RxDx system for the Response. A study was conducted at four clinical sites to compare recently developed Response RxDx software, which eliminates the need for the PDA RxDx calculator, to the existing Hemochron 8000 RxDx and to the Response-PDA RxDx systems. Similar to the current system, the operator inputs the patient's height, weight, and gender, and the software automatically calculates the blood volume. Using the clotting times determined on the Response, bolus heparin and protamine doses and any additional heparin and protamine requirements are calculated automatically. Data were collected from 76 patients, of which, 64 patients were on pump, 11 patients were off pump, and 1 patient was converted from off to on pump. The Response estimated blood volume calculations showed a correlation coefficient of 0.989 when compared with available systems. A good correlation was also observed for the bolus heparin (r = 0.925) and protamine doses (r = 0.900) with equivalence

  7. Matrices and linear algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Schneider, Hans

    1989-01-01

    Linear algebra is one of the central disciplines in mathematics. A student of pure mathematics must know linear algebra if he is to continue with modern algebra or functional analysis. Much of the mathematics now taught to engineers and physicists requires it.This well-known and highly regarded text makes the subject accessible to undergraduates with little mathematical experience. Written mainly for students in physics, engineering, economics, and other fields outside mathematics, the book gives the theory of matrices and applications to systems of linear equations, as well as many related t

  8. Universality of Covariance Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Pillai, Natesh S

    2011-01-01

    We prove the universality of covariance matrices of the form $H_{N \\times N} = {1 \\over N} \\tp{X}X$ where $[X]_{M \\times N}$ is a rectangular matrix with independent real valued entries $[x_{ij}]$ satisfying $\\E \\,x_{ij} = 0$ and $\\E \\,x^2_{ij} = {1 \\over M}$, $N, M\\to \\infty$. Furthermore it is assumed that these entries have sub-exponential tails. We will study the asymptotics in the regime $N/M = d_N \\in (0,\\infty), \\lim_{N\\to \\infty}d_N \

  9. Lectures on matrices

    CERN Document Server

    M Wedderburn, J H

    1934-01-01

    It is the organization and presentation of the material, however, which make the peculiar appeal of the book. This is no mere compendium of results-the subject has been completely reworked and the proofs recast with the skill and elegance which come only from years of devotion. -Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society The very clear and simple presentation gives the reader easy access to the more difficult parts of the theory. -Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik In 1937, the theory of matrices was seventy-five years old. However, many results had only recently evolved from sp

  10. Managing Medical Vocabulary Updates in a Clinical Data Warehouse: An RxNorm Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podchiyska, Tanya; Hernandez, Penni; Ferris, Todd; Weber, Susan; Lowe, Henry J

    2010-11-13

    Use of terminology standards facilitates aggregating data from multiple sources for information retrieval, exchange and analysis. However, medical vocabularies are continuously updated and incorporating those changes consistently into clinical data warehouses requires rigorous methodology. To integrate pharmacy data from two hospital pharmacy information systems the Stanford Translational Research Integrated Database Environment (STRIDE) project mapped medication orders to RxNorm content using the RxNorm drug model. In order to keep the data relevant and up-to-date, we developed a strategy for updating to RxNorm, while preserving the original meaning and mapping of the legacy data. This case study discusses managing the vocabulary update by following the RxNorm content maintenance strategy and supplementing it with operations to retain access to its drug model information.

  11. Searching for the Time Variation in Supernova Remnant RX J1713.7-3946

    CERN Document Server

    Sezer, Aytap; Cui, Xiaohong; Bamba, Aya; Ohira, Yutaka

    2016-01-01

    Supernova Remnant RX J1713.7-3946 emits synchrotron X-rays and very high energy $\\gamma$-rays. Recently, thermal X-ray line emission is detected from ejecta plasma. CO and HI observations indicate that a highly inhomogeneous medium surrounding the SNR. It is interacting with dense molecular clouds in the northwest and the southwest of the remnant. The origin of the $\\gamma$-ray emission from RX J1713.7-3946 is still uncertain. Detection of rapid variability in X-ray emission from RX J1713.7-3946 indicates the magnetic field $B$ $\\sim$ mG. In this work, we investigate the time variation in X-ray flux, luminosity and photon index of RX J1713.7-3946. For this investigation, we study the northwest part of the remnant using Suzaku data in 2006 and 2010. We present preliminary results based on our analysis and interpretations about these X-ray time variability.

  12. Truncations of random unitary matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Zyczkowski, K; Zyczkowski, Karol; Sommers, Hans-Juergen

    1999-01-01

    We analyze properties of non-hermitian matrices of size M constructed as square submatrices of unitary (orthogonal) random matrices of size N>M, distributed according to the Haar measure. In this way we define ensembles of random matrices and study the statistical properties of the spectrum located inside the unit circle. In the limit of large matrices, this ensemble is characterized by the ratio M/N. For the truncated CUE we derive analytically the joint density of eigenvalues from which easily all correlation functions are obtained. For N-M fixed and N--> infinity the universal resonance-width distribution with N-M open channels is recovered.

  13. Criteria of the Nonsingular H-Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO jian; LIU Futi; HUANG Tingzhu

    2004-01-01

    The nonsingular H-matrices play an important role in the study of the matrix theory and the iterative method of systems of linear equations,etc.It has always been searched how to verify nonsingular H-matrices.In this paper,nonsingular H-matrices is studies by applying diagonally dominant matrices,irreducible diagonally dominant matrices and comparison matrices and several practical criteria for identifying nonsingular H-matrices are obtained.

  14. Frequency filtering decompositions for unsymmetric matrices and matrices with strongly varying coefficients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wagner, C.

    1996-12-31

    In 1992, Wittum introduced the frequency filtering decompositions (FFD), which yield a fast method for the iterative solution of large systems of linear equations. Based on this method, the tangential frequency filtering decompositions (TFFD) have been developed. The TFFD allow the robust and efficient treatment of matrices with strongly varying coefficients. The existence and the convergence of the TFFD can be shown for symmetric and positive definite matrices. For a large class of matrices, it is possible to prove that the convergence rate of the TFFD and of the FFD is independent of the number of unknowns. For both methods, schemes for the construction of frequency filtering decompositions for unsymmetric matrices have been developed. Since, in contrast to Wittums`s FFD, the TFFD needs only one test vector, an adaptive test vector can be used. The TFFD with respect to the adaptive test vector can be combined with other iterative methods, e.g. multi-grid methods, in order to improve the robustness of these methods. The frequency filtering decompositions have been successfully applied to the problem of the decontamination of a heterogeneous porous medium by flushing.

  15. A K/Ka band radiating element for Tx/Rx phased array

    KAUST Repository

    Sandhu, Ali Imran

    2017-01-20

    The paper presents a K/Ka band radiating element for TX/RX phased arrays. Dual band operations is obtained using a single radiating surface: a novel radiator is adopted and placed in a configuration in which dual band and single band elements are interleaved. The array elements are optimized to scan the beam in excess of 50° in both bands. A subarray with 49 Rx elements and 105 Tx elements was built and measured confirming the results obtained in simulations.

  16. Sox2, Tlx, Gli3, and Her9 converge on Rx2 to define retinal stem cells in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhardt, Robert; Centanin, Lázaro; Tavhelidse, Tinatini; Inoue, Daigo; Wittbrodt, Beate; Concordet, Jean-Paul; Martinez-Morales, Juan Ramón; Wittbrodt, Joachim

    2015-06-03

    Transcriptional networks defining stemness in adult neural stem cells (NSCs) are largely unknown. We used the proximal cis-regulatory element (pCRE) of the retina-specific homeobox gene 2 (rx2) to address such a network. Lineage analysis in the fish retina identified rx2 as marker for multipotent NSCs. rx2-positive cells located in the peripheral ciliary marginal zone behave as stem cells for the neuroretina, or the retinal pigmented epithelium. We identified upstream regulators of rx2 interrogating the rx2 pCRE in a trans-regulation screen and focused on four TFs (Sox2, Tlx, Gli3, and Her9) activating or repressing rx2 expression. We demonstrated direct interaction of the rx2 pCRE with the four factors in vitro and in vivo. By conditional mosaic gain- and loss-of-function analyses, we validated the activity of those factors on regulating rx2 transcription and consequently modulating neuroretinal and RPE stem cell features. This becomes obvious by the rx2-mutant phenotypes that together with the data presented above identify rx2 as a transcriptional hub balancing stemness of neuroretinal and RPE stem cells in the adult fish retina.

  17. Friction and impact sensitivities of explosives: A comparative study. [HMX, CP, barium styphnate, RX26BB, RX26BH, PYX, BTF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Pu Sen; Hall, G.F.

    1988-01-01

    Impact and friction sensitivities of explosives were tested by the ''one-shot'' method. The Bruceton statistical method was used to derive 50% initiation levels. The materials tested include: PETN, HMX, CP, barium styphnate, TATB, RX26BB, RX26BH, PYX, BTF and various types of plastic bonded explosives (PBX). Some samples were investigated for aging effects, physical variables, and the effect of manufacturing parameters on these sensitivities. The results proved to have comparative values. CP and barium styphnate were found to be the most sensitive among the samples tested, while TATB was found to be relatively insensitive. 9 refs., 3 tabs.

  18. Generalisations of Fisher Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Heavens

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Fisher matrices play an important role in experimental design and in data analysis. Their primary role is to make predictions for the inference of model parameters—both their errors and covariances. In this short review, I outline a number of extensions to the simple Fisher matrix formalism, covering a number of recent developments in the field. These are: (a situations where the data (in the form of ( x , y pairs have errors in both x and y; (b modifications to parameter inference in the presence of systematic errors, or through fixing the values of some model parameters; (c Derivative Approximation for LIkelihoods (DALI - higher-order expansions of the likelihood surface, going beyond the Gaussian shape approximation; (d extensions of the Fisher-like formalism, to treat model selection problems with Bayesian evidence.

  19. Generalisations of Fisher Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Heavens, Alan

    2016-01-01

    Fisher matrices play an important role in experimental design and in data analysis. Their primary role is to make predictions for the inference of model parameters - both their errors and covariances. In this short review, I outline a number of extensions to the simple Fisher matrix formalism, covering a number of recent developments in the field. These are: (a) situations where the data (in the form of (x,y) pairs) have errors in both x and y; (b) modifications to parameter inference in the presence of systematic errors, or through fixing the values of some model parameters; (c) Derivative Approximation for LIkelihoods (DALI) - higher-order expansions of the likelihood surface, going beyond the Gaussian shape approximation; (d) extensions of the Fisher-like formalism, to treat model selection problems with Bayesian evidence.

  20. VanderLaan Circulant Type Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongyan Pan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Circulant matrices have become a satisfactory tools in control methods for modern complex systems. In the paper, VanderLaan circulant type matrices are presented, which include VanderLaan circulant, left circulant, and g-circulant matrices. The nonsingularity of these special matrices is discussed by the surprising properties of VanderLaan numbers. The exact determinants of VanderLaan circulant type matrices are given by structuring transformation matrices, determinants of well-known tridiagonal matrices, and tridiagonal-like matrices. The explicit inverse matrices of these special matrices are obtained by structuring transformation matrices, inverses of known tridiagonal matrices, and quasi-tridiagonal matrices. Three kinds of norms and lower bound for the spread of VanderLaan circulant and left circulant matrix are given separately. And we gain the spectral norm of VanderLaan g-circulant matrix.

  1. Polynomial Fibonacci-Hessenberg matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Esmaeili, Morteza [Dept. of Mathematical Sciences, Isfahan University of Technology, 84156-83111 Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: emorteza@cc.iut.ac.ir; Esmaeili, Mostafa [Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, 84156-83111 Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2009-09-15

    A Fibonacci-Hessenberg matrix with Fibonacci polynomial determinant is referred to as a polynomial Fibonacci-Hessenberg matrix. Several classes of polynomial Fibonacci-Hessenberg matrices are introduced. The notion of two-dimensional Fibonacci polynomial array is introduced and three classes of polynomial Fibonacci-Hessenberg matrices satisfying this property are given.

  2. Enhancing Understanding of Transformation Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dick, Jonathan; Childrey, Maria

    2012-01-01

    With the Common Core State Standards' emphasis on transformations, teachers need a variety of approaches to increase student understanding. Teaching matrix transformations by focusing on row vectors gives students tools to create matrices to perform transformations. This empowerment opens many doors: Students are able to create the matrices for…

  3. Enhancing Understanding of Transformation Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dick, Jonathan; Childrey, Maria

    2012-01-01

    With the Common Core State Standards' emphasis on transformations, teachers need a variety of approaches to increase student understanding. Teaching matrix transformations by focusing on row vectors gives students tools to create matrices to perform transformations. This empowerment opens many doors: Students are able to create the matrices for…

  4. Hierarchical matrices algorithms and analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Hackbusch, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    This self-contained monograph presents matrix algorithms and their analysis. The new technique enables not only the solution of linear systems but also the approximation of matrix functions, e.g., the matrix exponential. Other applications include the solution of matrix equations, e.g., the Lyapunov or Riccati equation. The required mathematical background can be found in the appendix. The numerical treatment of fully populated large-scale matrices is usually rather costly. However, the technique of hierarchical matrices makes it possible to store matrices and to perform matrix operations approximately with almost linear cost and a controllable degree of approximation error. For important classes of matrices, the computational cost increases only logarithmically with the approximation error. The operations provided include the matrix inversion and LU decomposition. Since large-scale linear algebra problems are standard in scientific computing, the subject of hierarchical matrices is of interest to scientists ...

  5. Elementary constituents of the group SL(4,R), and classification of the Mueller matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Ovsiyuk, E; Neagu, M; Balan, V; Red'kov, V

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to develop a systematic method of locating the Mueller matrices within the class of the matrices of the real group SL(4, R). The main idea is to construct the general transformation of the group SL(4, R) (whose real matrices have unit determinant) is straightforward, but to analyze the adequacy of such a transformation for describing Mueller matrices is highly nontrivial. However, using the technique of Dirac matrices, we can quite easy and explicitly describe all the 16 one-parametric subgroups, from which, using the all possible products, emerges the whole group SL(4, R). As a matter of fact, for these separate 1-parametric subgroups the question of their adequacy of describing Mueller matrices becomes sufficiently simple and thus we obtain in each case a definite answer.

  6. Electrolytic Fixation of CO2 by Electrocarboxylation of RX on Nanocrystalline TiO2-Pt Cathode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHU, Dao-Bao(褚道葆); LI, Xiao-Hua(李晓华); LIU, Xin-Yuan(刘心元); YAO, Wen-Li(姚文俐)

    2004-01-01

    Electrolytic fixation of CO2 was investigated by electrocarboxylation of organic halides (RX), and four esters (Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ) were obtained in moderate yields. Electrochemical reduction esterifications of RX in the presence of CO2 were carried out on nanocrystalline TiO2-Pt electrode. The electrochemical behavior of RX in the presence of CO2 was investigated by the technique of cyclic voltammetry, and the probable reaction mechanism was proposed.

  7. Estimating sparse precision matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padmanabhan, Nikhil; White, Martin; Zhou, Harrison H.; O'Connell, Ross

    2016-08-01

    We apply a method recently introduced to the statistical literature to directly estimate the precision matrix from an ensemble of samples drawn from a corresponding Gaussian distribution. Motivated by the observation that cosmological precision matrices are often approximately sparse, the method allows one to exploit this sparsity of the precision matrix to more quickly converge to an asymptotic 1/sqrt{N_sim} rate while simultaneously providing an error model for all of the terms. Such an estimate can be used as the starting point for further regularization efforts which can improve upon the 1/sqrt{N_sim} limit above, and incorporating such additional steps is straightforward within this framework. We demonstrate the technique with toy models and with an example motivated by large-scale structure two-point analysis, showing significant improvements in the rate of convergence. For the large-scale structure example, we find errors on the precision matrix which are factors of 5 smaller than for the sample precision matrix for thousands of simulations or, alternatively, convergence to the same error level with more than an order of magnitude fewer simulations.

  8. Generating random density matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Zyczkowski, Karol; Nechita, Ion; Collins, Benoit

    2010-01-01

    We study various methods to generate ensembles of quantum density matrices of a fixed size N and analyze the corresponding probability distributions P(x), where x denotes the rescaled eigenvalue, x=N\\lambda. Taking a random pure state of a two-partite system and performing the partial trace over one subsystem one obtains a mixed state represented by a Wishart--like matrix W=GG^{\\dagger}, distributed according to the induced measure and characterized asymptotically, as N -> \\infty, by the Marchenko-Pastur distribution. Superposition of k random maximally entangled states leads to another family of explicitly derived distributions, describing singular values of the sum of k independent random unitaries. Taking a larger system composed of 2s particles, constructing $s$ random bi-partite states, performing the measurement into a product of s-1 maximally entangled states and performing the partial trace over the remaining subsystem we arrive at a random state characterized by the Fuss-Catalan distribution of order...

  9. Graph-theoretical matrices in chemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Janezic, Dusanka; Nikolic, Sonja; Trinajstic, Nenad

    2015-01-01

    Graph-Theoretical Matrices in Chemistry presents a systematic survey of graph-theoretical matrices and highlights their potential uses. This comprehensive volume is an updated, extended version of a former bestseller featuring a series of mathematical chemistry monographs. In this edition, nearly 200 graph-theoretical matrices are included.This second edition is organized like the previous one-after an introduction, graph-theoretical matrices are presented in five chapters: The Adjacency Matrix and Related Matrices, Incidence Matrices, The Distance Matrix and Related Matrices, Special Matrices

  10. Hadamard Matrices and Their Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Horadam, K J

    2011-01-01

    In Hadamard Matrices and Their Applications, K. J. Horadam provides the first unified account of cocyclic Hadamard matrices and their applications in signal and data processing. This original work is based on the development of an algebraic link between Hadamard matrices and the cohomology of finite groups that was discovered fifteen years ago. The book translates physical applications into terms a pure mathematician will appreciate, and theoretical structures into ones an applied mathematician, computer scientist, or communications engineer can adapt and use. The first half of the book expl

  11. k-控制阵%k-dominating Fuzzy Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙华春

    2006-01-01

    The definition of k-dominating fuzzy matrices has been introduced. The relation between k-dominating fuzzy matrices and circularly k-dominating fuzzy matrices is discussed. We point out that the convergence or oscillating index of the power sequence of an n × n k-dominating matrix is bounded by (n-1)k+m from above; and if it is oscillating, then the period index is a factor of k.%给出k-控制阵的定义,讨论k-控制阵与k-圈控制阵的关系,指出k-控制阵的周期是k的一个因子,指数不大于(n-1)k+m.

  12. Resonant Acceleration of Magnetospheric Electrons Driven by the R-X Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO Fu-Liang; ZHENG Hui-Nan; WANG Shui

    2005-01-01

    @@ An extended relativistic model is developed to evaluate the superluminous R-X-mode resonance especially the second-order and third-order resonances with electrons in the Earth's magnetosphere. The potential for stochastic electron acceleration driven by the R-X mode is determined by the dispersive properties of the R-X mode and specifically the resonant harmonic N. In contrast to the limited acceleration at the first harmonic (N = 1)resonance, for the higher harmonic (N > 1) resonances, the R-X mode is capable of accelerating electrons from ~10keV to ~ MeV energies, over a wide range of wave normal angles, in spatial regions extending from the auroral cavity to the latitude (>30°) outer radiation belt. This indicates that higher-order resonance is essentially important for the electron acceleration for the oblique wave propagation.

  13. Medipix3RX: Characterizing the Medipix3 Redesign With Synchrotron Radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Gimenez, Eva N; Blaj, Gabriel; Campbell, Michael; Dolbnya, Igor; Frodjh, Erik; Horswell, Ian; Llopart, Xavier; Marchal, Julien; McGrath, John; Omar, David; Plackett, Richard; Sawhney, Kawal; Tartoni, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    The Medipix3RX is the latest version of the Medipix3 photon counting ASICs, which implements two new operational modes, with respect to the Medipix2 ASIC, aimed at eliminating charge shared events (referred to as Charge Summing Mode (CSM)) and at providing spectroscopic information (referred to as Colour Mode (CM)). The Medipix3RX is a redesign of the Medipix3v0 ASIC and corrects for the underperformance of CSM features observed in the previous version. This paper presents the results from synchrotron X-rays tests to evaluate the Medipix3RX ASIC performance. The newly implemented CSM algorithm eliminates the charge sharing effect at the same time as allocating the event to the readout pixel corresponding to the sensor pixel where the X-ray photon impinged. The new pixel trimming circuit led to a reduced dispersion between pixels. Further results of the linearity for all the gain modes, energy resolution and pixel uniformity are also presented.

  14. Radiating Elements for Shared Aperture Tx/Rx Phased Arrays at K/Ka Band

    KAUST Repository

    Sandhu, A.I.

    2016-04-11

    A dual band, Tx/Rx, self-diplexing phased array is presented. The antenna has been designed to cover Tx/Rx satellite communications at K/Ka band with a frequency ratio 1.5:1. To obtain dual band operations with a single radiating surface, a novel dual band radiator is adopted and placed in a configuration in which dual band and single band elements are interleaved. The proposed configuration reduces the number of radiating elements required by other solutions while avoiding the insurgence of grating lobes. The tightly packed arrangement of the elements poses many integration issues, which are solved with a novel integration technique. The array elements are optimized to scan the beam in excess of ° in both bands. A subarray with 49 Rx elements and 105 Tx elements was built and measured confirming the results obtained in simulations.

  15. Learning Discriminative Stein Kernel for SPD Matrices and Its Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jianjia; Wang, Lei; Zhou, Luping; Li, Wanqing

    2016-05-01

    Stein kernel (SK) has recently shown promising performance on classifying images represented by symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrices. It evaluates the similarity between two SPD matrices through their eigenvalues. In this paper, we argue that directly using the original eigenvalues may be problematic because: 1) eigenvalue estimation becomes biased when the number of samples is inadequate, which may lead to unreliable kernel evaluation, and 2) more importantly, eigenvalues reflect only the property of an individual SPD matrix. They are not necessarily optimal for computing SK when the goal is to discriminate different classes of SPD matrices. To address the two issues, we propose a discriminative SK (DSK), in which an extra parameter vector is defined to adjust the eigenvalues of input SPD matrices. The optimal parameter values are sought by optimizing a proxy of classification performance. To show the generality of the proposed method, three kernel learning criteria that are commonly used in the literature are employed as a proxy. A comprehensive experimental study is conducted on a variety of image classification tasks to compare the proposed DSK with the original SK and other methods for evaluating the similarity between SPD matrices. The results demonstrate that the DSK can attain greater discrimination and better align with classification tasks by altering the eigenvalues. This makes it produce higher classification performance than the original SK and other commonly used methods.

  16. 78 FR 28860 - Announcement of Requirements and Registration for: “Data Rx: Prescription Drug Abuse Infographic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... abuse and the treatment of drug abusers. Consistent with this authority, one of NIDA's strategic goals... Rx: Prescription Drug Abuse Infographic Challenge'' Authority: 15 U.S.C. 3719. SUMMARY: The ``Data Rx: Prescription Drug Abuse Infographic Challenge Concept'' challenges the general public to create an...

  17. Evaluation of the Dade Behring Dimension RxL clinical chemistry analyzer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuka, S; Dvornik, S; Drazenović, K; Mihić, J

    2001-01-01

    The performance of the Dade Behring Dimension RxL clinical chemistry analyzer was evaluated according to the guidelines of the European Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. The following analytes were tested: glucose, urea, creatinine, albumin, phosphorus, cholesterol, triglyceride, uric acid, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, iron and total bilirubin. The Dade Behring Dimension RxL was compared with the Hitachi 704, Bayer RA-1000, Ektachem 250 and Chiron 865 depending on available tests on these analyzers. Coefficients of correlation showed high correlation between compared analyzers. Other performances (intra- and inter-assay variation, carry-over and interferences) of the analyzer were satisfactory.

  18. Small-molecule library screening by docking with PyRx.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dallakyan, Sargis; Olson, Arthur J

    2015-01-01

    Virtual molecular screening is used to dock small-molecule libraries to a macromolecule in order to find lead compounds with desired biological function. This in silico method is well known for its application in computer-aided drug design. This chapter describes how to perform small-molecule virtual screening by docking with PyRx, which is open-source software with an intuitive user interface that runs on all major operating systems (Linux, Windows, and Mac OS). Specific steps for using PyRx, as well as considerations for data preparation, docking, and data analysis, are also described.

  19. Some new conditions for generalized H-matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    By using a continuous transition method of a matrix and the estimate for spectral radius of a sub-matrix etc., decision methods for a generalized H-matrix under positive definite matrix conditions are researched. Some new sufficient conditions for generalized H-matrices are obtained. When a block matrix degenerates a point matrix,these conditions namely become sufficient conditions of H-matrix.

  20. Generation of an Rx-tTA: TetOp-Cre knock-in mouse line for doxycycline regulated Cre activity in the Rx expression domain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy F Plageman

    Full Text Available Genetic deletion of mouse genes has played a crucial role in our understanding of embryonic eye development. Transgenic, tissue specific Cre recombinase expression in various eye structures has facilitated these experiments. However, an early expressing, temporally-regulated, optic vesicle-specific Cre line has not been available. In this report, we detail the generation and analysis of a knock-in, inducible Cre line designed to drive recombination specifically within the Rx expression domain. Crossing this line with a reporter line demonstrates that recombination can be mediated within the early optic vesicle and throughout retinal development. Recombination can also be mediated in the Rx-expressing, ventral diencephalon and future posterior pituitary gland. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that dietary doxycycline could effectively modulate Cre activity. This line has the potential to facilitate conditional knock-out experimentation to study early retina and/or posterior pituitary development.

  1. Bayes linear adjustment for variance matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Wilkinson, Darren J

    2008-01-01

    We examine the problem of covariance belief revision using a geometric approach. We exhibit an inner-product space where covariance matrices live naturally --- a space of random real symmetric matrices. The inner-product on this space captures aspects of our beliefs about the relationship between covariance matrices of interest to us, providing a structure rich enough for us to adjust beliefs about unknown matrices in the light of data such as sample covariance matrices, exploiting second-order exchangeability specifications.

  2. ANÁLISIS EN EL PLANO R-X PARA LOCALIZAR FALLAS DE ALTA IMPEDANCIA R-X AXIS ANALYSIS TO LOCATE HIGH IMPEDANCE FAULTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Andrés Morales-España

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone una herramienta de análisis en el plano R-X de un sistema en falla para resolver el problema de localización de fallas en sistemas de potencia. La herramienta permite localizar todo tipo de fallas incluidas las de alta impedancia y fallas en sistemas con sobrecarga. Metodológicamente, se analiza el plano R-X de la impedancia aparente de las fases involucradas en la falla, y utilizando interpolación bidimensional se logra la ubicación de la falla a partir de curvas de distancia previamente obtenidas del sistema mediante simulación. Como resultados se presentan pruebas en un sistema de referencia sometido a los cuatro tipos de falla con diversas resistencias localizadas en diferentes sitios dentro del sistema, resaltándose la obtención de errores inferiores al 3% para fallas monofásicas y resistencia de falla hasta 1000[Ω].This paper proposes an analysis tool using the R-X axis of a faulted system to solve the fault location problem in power systems. The proposed approach allows locating all types of faults including high impedance ones and faults on overload systems. Methodologically, the apparent impedance R-X axis of faulted phases is analyzed and the fault is located from distance curves, previously obtained from the power system, by using two-dimensional interpolation. As results, tests of a reference system with four types of faults and different fault resistances located on different places on the system are presented. Errors are kept lower than 3% for single phase faults and fault resistances up to 1000[Ω].

  3. On the Stokes matrices of the $tt^*$-Toda equation

    CERN Document Server

    Horocholyn, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    We derive a formula for the signature of the symmetrized Stokes matrix $\\cal{S}+\\cal{S}^\\mathrm{T}$ for the $tt^*$-Toda equation. As a corollary, we verify a conjecture of Cecotti and Vafa regarding when $\\cal{S}+\\cal{S}^\\mathrm{T}$ is positive definite, reminiscent of a formula of Beukers and Heckmann for the generalized hypergeometric equation. The condition that $\\cal{S}+\\cal{S}^\\mathrm{T}$ is positive definite is prominent in the work of Cecotti and Vafa on the $tt^*$ equation; we show that the Stokes matrices $\\cal{S}$ satisfying this condition are parameterized by the points of an open convex polytope.

  4. 3D Weight Matrices in Modeling Real Estate Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mimis, A.

    2016-10-01

    Central role in spatial econometric models of real estate data has the definition of the weight matrix by which we capture the spatial dependence between the observations. The weight matrices presented in literature so far, treats space in a two dimensional manner leaving out the effect of the third dimension or in our case the difference in height where the property resides. To overcome this, we propose a new definition of the weight matrix including the third dimensional effect by using the Hadamard product. The results illustrated that the level effect can be absorbed into the new weight matrix.

  5. Construction and Analysis of Structured Preconditioners for Block Two-by-Two Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白中治

    2004-01-01

    For the large sparse block two-by-two real nonsingular matrices, we establish a general framework of structured precondi-tioners through matrix transformation and matrix approximations. For the specific versions such as modified block Jacobi-type, modi-fied block Gauss-Seidel-type, and modified block unsymmetric (symmetric) Gauss-Seidel-type preconditioners, we precisely describetheir concrete expressions and deliberately analyze eigenvalue distributions and positive definiteness of the preconditioned matrices.Also, we show that when these structured preconditioners are employed to precondition the Krylov subspace methods such as GMRESand restarted GMRES, fast and effective iteration solvers can be obtained for the large sparse systems of linear equations with blocktwo-by-two coefficient matrices. In particular, these structured preconditioners can lead to high-quality preconditioning matrices forsome typical matrices from the real-world applications.

  6. Almost commuting self-adjoint matrices: The real and self-dual cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loring, Terry A.; Sørensen, Adam P. W.

    2016-08-01

    We show that a pair of almost commuting self-adjoint, symmetric matrices is close to a pair of commuting self-adjoint, symmetric matrices (in a uniform way). Moreover, we prove that the same holds with self-dual in place of symmetric and also for paths of self-adjoint matrices. Since a symmetric, self-adjoint matrix is real, we get a real version of Huaxin Lin’s famous theorem on almost commuting matrices. Similarly, the self-dual case gives a version for matrices over the quaternions. To prove these results, we develop a theory of semiprojectivity for real C*-algebras and also examine various definitions of low-rank for real C*-algebras.

  7. Multiplicative equations over commuting matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Babai, L. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)]|[Eotvos Univ., Budapest (Hungary); Beals, R. [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States); Cai, Jin-Yi [SUNY, Buffalo, NY (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    We consider the solvability of the equation and generalizations, where the A{sub i} and B are given commuting matrices over an algebraic number field F. In the semigroup membership problem, the variables x{sub i} are constrained to be nonnegative integers. While this problem is NP-complete for variable k, we give a polynomial time algorithm if k is fixed. In the group membership problem, the matrices are assumed to be invertible, and the variables x{sub i} may take on negative values. In this case we give a polynomial time algorithm for variable k and give an explicit description of the set of all solutions (as an affine lattice). The special case of 1 x 1 matrices was recently solved by Guoqiang Ge; we heavily rely on his results.

  8. Free probability and random matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Mingo, James A

    2017-01-01

    This volume opens the world of free probability to a wide variety of readers. From its roots in the theory of operator algebras, free probability has intertwined with non-crossing partitions, random matrices, applications in wireless communications, representation theory of large groups, quantum groups, the invariant subspace problem, large deviations, subfactors, and beyond. This book puts a special emphasis on the relation of free probability to random matrices, but also touches upon the operator algebraic, combinatorial, and analytic aspects of the theory. The book serves as a combination textbook/research monograph, with self-contained chapters, exercises scattered throughout the text, and coverage of important ongoing progress of the theory. It will appeal to graduate students and all mathematicians interested in random matrices and free probability from the point of view of operator algebras, combinatorics, analytic functions, or applications in engineering and statistical physics.

  9. Immanant Conversion on Symmetric Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purificação Coelho M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Letr Σn(C denote the space of all n χ n symmetric matrices over the complex field C. The main objective of this paper is to prove that the maps Φ : Σn(C -> Σn (C satisfying for any fixed irre- ducible characters X, X' -SC the condition dx(A +aB = dχ·(Φ(Α + αΦ(Β for all matrices A,В ε Σ„(С and all scalars a ε C are automatically linear and bijective. As a corollary of the above result we characterize all such maps Φ acting on ΣИ(С.

  10. Iterative methods for Toeplitz-like matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huckle, T. [Universitaet Wurzburg (Germany)

    1994-12-31

    In this paper the author will give a survey on iterative methods for solving linear equations with Toeplitz matrices, Block Toeplitz matrices, Toeplitz plus Hankel matrices, and matrices with low displacement rank. He will treat the following subjects: (1) optimal (w)-circulant preconditioners is a generalization of circulant preconditioners; (2) Optimal implementation of circulant-like preconditioners in the complex and real case; (3) preconditioning of near-singular matrices; what kind of preconditioners can be used in this case; (4) circulant preconditioning for more general classes of Toeplitz matrices; what can be said about matrices with coefficients that are not l{sub 1}-sequences; (5) preconditioners for Toeplitz least squares problems, for block Toeplitz matrices, and for Toeplitz plus Hankel matrices.

  11. Medical Groups Raise Blood Pressure Rx Threshold for Healthy Adults Over 60

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163063.html Medical Groups Raise Blood Pressure Rx Threshold for Healthy Adults Over 60 Guidelines ... benefit from more aggressive treatment is small, the groups say. Doctors ... control of blood pressure in healthy older adults may produce more harm ...

  12. 76 FR 31547 - Medicare Program; Proposed Changes to the Electronic Prescribing (eRx) Incentive Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    ... Law 110-275, authorized the Secretary to establish a program to encourage the adoption and use of eRx... programs, and to encourage adoption of certified EHR technology. Accordingly, we are proposing changes to... hardship exemption requests using a Web-based tool or interface. However, our ability to receive...

  13. Piloting online WellnessRx learning modules: demonstration of developmental evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovacs Burns, Katharina; Gramlich, Leah; Bistritz, Lana; McCargar, Linda; Olson, Karin; Avdagovska, Melita

    2015-04-01

    WellnessRx is a health initiative focusing on healthy living through education, knowledge translation, and community engagement. Stakeholders of WellnessRx identified web-based education learning modules on nutrition and physical education as a priority to be integrated into existing health sciences curricula, as well as adapted for use by health professionals. Five learning modules were created with essential knowledge, skills, attitudes and resources or tools for health professional students and practitioners. As part of the 'developmental evaluation framework' for WellnessRx, two of these modules were piloted within two health professional student programs. This paper describes the pilot-evaluation experience involving student surveys, focus groups and interviews, and faculty perspectives. For both modules, student pre-post knowledge assessments indicated some improvements in post-module knowledge. Post module evaluations by students indicated benefits with the online delivery being flexible for access, self-health, case-based assessments and useful nutrition and physical activity guides. Challenges for students included their time to do the modules and the activity expectations. Instructors felt each module could be better targeted to different years within an undergraduate program. Through developmental evaluation, the pilot results along with recommendations and lessons learned provided the direction needed to further develop the WellnessRx logic model and proposed learning modules. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Variation in the purinergic P2RX(7) receptor gene and schizophrenia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas; Jakobsen, Klaus D; Fenger, Mogens;

    2008-01-01

    The purinergic receptor gene P2RX(7) is located in a major linkage hotspot for schizophrenia and bipolar disorders, 12q21-33. It has previously been associated with bipolar disorder but has never been analysed in relation to schizophrenia, although it is involved in several neuronal processes...

  15. Development and validation of fuel height models for terrestrial lidar - RxCADRE 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eric M. Rowell; Carl A. Seielstad; Roger D. Ottmar

    2016-01-01

    Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) was used to collect spatially continuous measurements of fuelbed characteristics across the plots and burn blocks of the 2012 RxCADRE experiments in Florida. Fuelbeds were scanned obliquely from plot/block edges at a height of 20 m above ground. Pre-fire blocks were scanned from six perspectives and four perspectives for post-...

  16. RX J1856.5-3754: A strange star with solid quark surface?

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, X L; Zhang, S N

    2003-01-01

    Within the realms of the possibility of solid quark matter, we fitted the 500ks Chandra LETG/HRC data for RX J1856.5-3754 with a phenomenological spectral model, and found that electric conductivity of quark matter on the stellar surface is about > 1.2 x 10^{18} s^{-1}.

  17. NA62 Level 0 trigger: TELDES, TX mezzanine, RX mezzanine integration scenario

    CERN Multimedia

    Lupi, Matteo

    2015-01-01

    TELDES is a TEL62 daughter-board used in the generation of the Liquid Krypton Calorimeter primitive for the Level 0 Trigger of the NA62 Experiment. TX and RX mezzanines are daughter boards used in the same trigger system to communicate between different levels of the trigger.

  18. Sign pattern matrices that admit M-, N-, P- or inverse M-matrices

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo, C. Mendes; Torregrosa, Juan R.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we identify the sign pattern matrices that occur among the N–matrices, the P–matrices and the M–matrices. We also address to the class of inverse M–matrices and the related admissibility of sign pattern matrices problem. Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) Spanish DGI grant number MTM2007-64477

  19. Effects of Herbal vigRX on Premature Ejaculation: A randomized, double-blind study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z Ghafuri

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective :   "nWe conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study todetermine the efficacy of an herbal sexual supplement (vigRX on premature ejaculation (PE. Method: "nA randomized double blind study was conducted on a fixed dose of herbal vigRX at Roozbeh Psychiatry Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The sample consisted of 85 married patients diagnosed withprimary PE according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Each patient underwent diagnostic evaluation by one trained psychiatrist, using Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR. Each patient was evaluated by researchers to exclude the organic sexual dysfunctions. The patients were randomly assigned in to two groups: group 1 consisting of 42 patients receiving placebo, and group 2 consisting of 43 patients receiving 540 mg herbal vigRX for a 4-week treatment course. The effects of the drug on the ejaculatory function in each group were assessed by the intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT, and the Chinese Index of Premature Ejaculation (CIPE before and at the end of the treatment course. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software (15th version.      Results: "nThe mean IELT increased 22.4 and 32.0 seconds in the placebo and the vigRX group respectively after the treatment course. The mean IELT differences between the two groups was not significant. The mean CIPE score increased 2.40 and 4.37 in the placebo and the vigRX group respectively .The mean CIPE score differences between the two groups was not significant.No side effect was reported by the subjects in neither groups during the treatment course. "nConclusion: Although the improvement in IELT and CIPE scores in the herbal vigRX group was more than the placebo group, this difference was not statistically significant. The increasing of IELT and CIPE score in the placebo group may be due to the placebo effects. Further studies with higher vigRX doses, greater sample size

  20. Profiling structured product labeling with NDF-RT and RxNorm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Qian

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Structured Product Labeling (SPL is a document markup standard approved by Health Level Seven (HL7 and adopted by United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA as a mechanism for exchanging drug product information. The SPL drug labels contain rich information about FDA approved clinical drugs. However, the lack of linkage to standard drug ontologies hinders their meaningful use. NDF-RT (National Drug File Reference Terminology and NLM RxNorm as standard drug ontology were used to standardize and profile the product labels. Methods In this paper, we present a framework that intends to map SPL drug labels with existing drug ontologies: NDF-RT and RxNorm. We also applied existing categorical annotations from the drug ontologies to classify SPL drug labels into corresponding classes. We established the classification and relevant linkage for SPL drug labels using the following three approaches. First, we retrieved NDF-RT categorical information from the External Pharmacologic Class (EPC indexing SPLs. Second, we used the RxNorm and NDF-RT mappings to classify and link SPLs with NDF-RT categories. Third, we profiled SPLs using RxNorm term type information. In the implementation process, we employed a Semantic Web technology framework, in which we stored the data sets from NDF-RT and SPLs into a RDF triple store, and executed SPARQL queries to retrieve data from customized SPARQL endpoints. Meanwhile, we imported RxNorm data into MySQL relational database. Results In total, 96.0% SPL drug labels were mapped with NDF-RT categories whereas 97.0% SPL drug labels are linked to RxNorm codes. We found that the majority of SPL drug labels are mapped to chemical ingredient concepts in both drug ontologies whereas a relatively small portion of SPL drug labels are mapped to clinical drug concepts. Conclusions The profiling outcomes produced by this study would provide useful insights on meaningful use of FDA SPL drug labels in clinical

  1. Hamiltonian formalism and symplectic matrices; Formalisme Hamiltonien et Matrices symplectiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertrand, P. [Project SPIRAL, Grand Accelerateur National d`Ions Lourds, BP 5027, Bd. H. Becquerel, 14076 Caen cedex 5 (France)

    1997-12-31

    This work consists of five sections. The first one introduces the Lagrangian formalism starting from the fundamental equation of the dynamics. The sections 2 to 4 are devoted to the Hamiltonian formalism and to symplectic matrices. Lie algebra and groups were avoided, although these notions are very useful if higher order effects have to be investigated. The paper is dealing with the properties of the transfer matrices describing different electromagnetic objects like, for instance: dipoles, quadrupoles, cyclotrons, electrostatic deflectors, spiral inflectors, etc. A remarkable property of the first order exact transfer matrices, is the symplecticity which in case of a 3-D object, described in 6-D phase space, provides 15 non-linear equations relating the matrix coefficients. The symplectic matrix ensemble forms an multiplication non-commuting group, consequently the product of n symplectic matrices is still a symplectic matrix. This permits the global description of a system of n objects. Thus, the notion symplecticity is fundamental for the selection of a given electromagnetic object, for its optimization and insertion in a line of beam transfer. The symplectic relations indicate actually that if a given beam characteristic is modified, then another characteristic will be affected and as a result the spurious effects can be limited when a line is to be adjusted. The last section is devoted to the application of the elaborated procedure to describe the drift of non-relativistic and relativistic particles, the dipole and the Muller inflector. Hopefully, this elementary Hamiltonian formalism will help in the familiarization with the symplectic matrices extensively utilized at GANIL 10 refs.

  2. Fractal Structure of Random Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Hussein, M S

    2000-01-01

    A multifractal analysis is performed on the universality classes of random matrices and the transition ones.Our results indicate that the eigenvector probability distribution is a linear sum of two chi-squared distribution throughout the transition between the universality ensembles of random matrix theory and Poisson .

  3. Open string fields as matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kishimoto, Isao; Masuda, Toru; Takahashi, Tomohiko; Takemoto, Shoko

    2015-03-01

    We show that the action expanded around Erler-Maccaferri's N D-brane solution describes the N+1 D-brane system where one D-brane disappears due to tachyon condensation. String fields on multi-branes can be regarded as block matrices of a string field on a single D-brane in the same way as matrix theories.

  4. Open String Fields as Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Kishimoto, Isao; Takahashi, Tomohiko; Takemoto, Shoko

    2014-01-01

    We show that the action expanded around Erler-Maccaferri's N D-branes solution describes the N+1 D-branes system where one D-brane disappears due to tachyon condensation. String fields on the multi-branes can be regarded as block matrices of a string field on a single D-brane in the same way as matrix theories.

  5. Arnold's Projective Plane and -Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Uchino

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We will explain Arnold's 2-dimensional (shortly, 2D projective geometry (Arnold, 2005 by means of lattice theory. It will be shown that the projection of the set of nontrivial triangular -matrices is the pencil of tangent lines of a quadratic curve on Arnold's projective plane.

  6. Fibonacci Identities, Matrices, and Graphs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Danrun

    2005-01-01

    General strategies used to help discover, prove, and generalize identities for Fibonacci numbers are described along with some properties about the determinants of square matrices. A matrix proof for identity (2) that has received immense attention from many branches of mathematics, like linear algebra, dynamical systems, graph theory and others…

  7. Scattering matrices with block symmetries

    OpenAIRE

    Życzkowski, Karol

    1997-01-01

    Scattering matrices with block symmetry, which corresponds to scattering process on cavities with geometrical symmetry, are analyzed. The distribution of transmission coefficient is computed for different number of channels in the case of a system with or without the time reversal invariance. An interpolating formula for the case of gradual time reversal symmetry breaking is proposed.

  8. Making almost commuting matrices commute

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hastings, Matthew B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    Suppose two Hermitian matrices A, B almost commute ({parallel}[A,B]{parallel} {<=} {delta}). Are they close to a commuting pair of Hermitian matrices, A', B', with {parallel}A-A'{parallel},{parallel}B-B'{parallel} {<=} {epsilon}? A theorem of H. Lin shows that this is uniformly true, in that for every {epsilon} > 0 there exists a {delta} > 0, independent of the size N of the matrices, for which almost commuting implies being close to a commuting pair. However, this theorem does not specifiy how {delta} depends on {epsilon}. We give uniform bounds relating {delta} and {epsilon}. The proof is constructive, giving an explicit algorithm to construct A' and B'. We provide tighter bounds in the case of block tridiagonal and tridiagnonal matrices. Within the context of quantum measurement, this implies an algorithm to construct a basis in which we can make a projective measurement that approximately measures two approximately commuting operators simultaneously. Finally, we comment briefly on the case of approximately measuring three or more approximately commuting operators using POVMs (positive operator-valued measures) instead of projective measurements.

  9. Skills Underlying Coloured Progressive Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, J. R.; Das, J. P.

    1978-01-01

    Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices and a battery of ability tests were administered to a sample of 104 male fourth graders for purposes of investigating the relationships between 2 previously identified subscales of the Raven and the ability tests. Results indicated use of a spatial strategy and to a lesser extent, use of reasoning, indicating…

  10. The diagonalization of cubic matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cocolicchio, D.; Viggiano, M.

    2000-08-01

    This paper is devoted to analysing the problem of the diagonalization of cubic matrices. We extend the familiar algebraic approach which is based on the Cardano formulae. We rewrite the complex roots of the associated resolvent secular equation in terms of transcendental functions and we derive the diagonalizing matrix.

  11. Spectral problems for operator matrices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bátkai, A.; Binding, P.; Dijksma, A.; Hryniv, R.; Langer, H.

    2005-01-01

    We study spectral properties of 2 × 2 block operator matrices whose entries are unbounded operators between Banach spaces and with domains consisting of vectors satisfying certain relations between their components. We investigate closability in the product space, essential spectra and generation of

  12. F-matrices%F-矩阵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓东; 杨尚骏

    2001-01-01

    本文探讨矩阵的一个重要子类(F-矩阵)的性质.F-矩阵包含以下在理论及应用中都很重要的三个矩阵类:对称正半定矩阵,M-矩阵和完全非负矩阵.我们首先证明F-矩阵的一些有趣性,特别是给出n-阶F-矩阵A满足detA=an…ann的充分必要条件.接着研究逆F-矩阵的性质,特别是证明逆M-矩阵和逆完全非负矩阵都是F-矩阵,从而满足Fischer不等式.最后我们引入F-矩阵一个子类:W-矩阵并证明逆W-矩阵也是F-矩阵.%We investigate a class of P0-matrices, called F-matrices, whichcontains well known three important classes of matrices satisfying Hadamard's inequality and Fischer's inequality-positive semidefinite symmetric matrices, M-matrices and totally nonnegative matrices. Firstly we prove some interesting properties of F-matrices and give the necessary and sufficient condition for an n×n F-matrix to satisfy det A=a11…ann. Then we investigate inverse F-matrices and prove both inverse M-matrices and inverse totally nonnegative matrices are F-matrices. Finally we introduce a new class of F-matrices, i.e. W-matrices and prove both W-matrices and inverse W-matrices are also F-matrices.

  13. STABILITY FOR SEVERAL TYPES OF INTERVAL MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    NianXiaohong; GaoJintai

    1999-01-01

    The robust stability for some types of tlme-varying interval raatrices and nonlineartime-varying interval matrices is considered and some sufficient conditions for robust stability of such interval matrices are given, The main results of this paper are only related to the verticesset of a interval matrices, and therefore, can be easily applied to test robust stability of interval matrices. Finally, some examples are given to illustrate the results.

  14. Eigenvalue variance bounds for covariance matrices

    OpenAIRE

    Dallaporta, Sandrine

    2013-01-01

    This work is concerned with finite range bounds on the variance of individual eigenvalues of random covariance matrices, both in the bulk and at the edge of the spectrum. In a preceding paper, the author established analogous results for Wigner matrices and stated the results for covariance matrices. They are proved in the present paper. Relying on the LUE example, which needs to be investigated first, the main bounds are extended to complex covariance matrices by means of the Tao, Vu and Wan...

  15. The Bessel Numbers and Bessel Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sheng Liang YANG; Zhan Ke QIAO

    2011-01-01

    In this paper,using exponential Riordan arrays,we investigate the Bessel numbers and Bessel matrices.By exploring links between the Bessel matrices,the Stirling matrices and the degenerate Stirling matrices,we show that the Bessel numbers are special case of the degenerate Stirling numbers,and derive explicit formulas for the Bessel numbers in terms of the Stirling numbers and binomial coefficients.

  16. Quantum Hilbert matrices and orthogonal polynomials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jørgen Ellegaard; Berg, Christian

    2009-01-01

    Using the notion of quantum integers associated with a complex number q≠0 , we define the quantum Hilbert matrix and various extensions. They are Hankel matrices corresponding to certain little q -Jacobi polynomials when |q|matrices...... of reciprocal Fibonacci numbers called Filbert matrices. We find a formula for the entries of the inverse quantum Hilbert matrix....

  17. RX J0648.0--4418: the fastest-spinning white dwarf

    CERN Document Server

    Mereghetti, Sandro

    2013-01-01

    RX J0648.0-4418 is a post common-envelope X-ray binary composed of a hot subdwarf and one of the most massive white dwarfs with a dynamical mass measurement (1.28+/-0.05 M_sun). This white dwarf, with a spin period of 13.2 s, rotates more than twice faster than the white dwarf in the cataclysmic variable AE Aqr. The current properties of these two binaries, as well as their future evolution, are quite different, despite both contain a fast-spinning white dwarf. RX J0648.0-4418 could be the progenitor of either a Type Ia supernova or of a non-recycled millisecond pulsars.

  18. The Optical Counterpart of the Isolated Neutron Star RX J1605.3+3249

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, D. L.; Kulkarni, S. R.; van Kerkwijk, M. H.

    2003-05-01

    We have detected the optical counterpart to the nearby isolated neutron star RX J1605.3+3249 using observations from the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrometer aboard the Hubble Space Telescope. The counterpart, with m50CCD=26.84+/-0.07 mag and very blue colors, lies close to the ROSAT HRI error circle and within the Chandra error circle. The spectrum is consistent with a Rayleigh-Jeans tail whose emission is a factor of ~14 above the extrapolation of the X-ray blackbody, and the source has an unabsorbed X-ray-to-optical flux ratio of log(fX/fopt)=4.4, similar to that of other isolated neutron stars. This confirms the classification of RX J1605.3+3249 as a neutron star.

  19. Dynamic evolution of outer radiation belt electrons driven by superluminous R-X mode waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    We present initial results on the temporal evolution of the phase space density (PSD) of the outer radiation belt energetic electrons driven by the superluminous R-X mode waves. We calculate diffusion rates in pitch angle and momentum assuming the standard Gaussian distributions in both wave frequency and wave normal angle at the location L=6.5. We solve a 2D momentum-pitch-angle Fokker-Planck equation using those diffusion rates as inputs. Numerical results show that R-X mode can produce significant acceleration of relativistic electrons around geostationary orbit,supporting previous findings that superluminous waves potentially contribute to dramatic variation in the outer radiation belt electron dynamics.

  20. Probing the surface magnetic field structure in RX J1856.5-3754

    CERN Document Server

    Popov, S B; Turolla, R

    2016-01-01

    The evolution of magnetic field in isolated neutron stars is one of the most important ingredients in the attempt to build a unified description of these objects. A prediction of field evolution models is the existence of an equilibrium configuration, in which the Hall cascade vanishes. Recent calculations have explored the field structure in this stage, called the Hall attractor. We use X-ray data of near-by, cooling neutron stars to probe this prediction, as these sources are surmised to be close to or at Hall attractor phase. We show that the source RX J1856.5-3754 might be closer to the attractor than other sources of its class. Our modelling indicates that the properties of surface thermal emission, assuming that the star is in the Hall attractor, are in contradiction with the spectral data of RX J1856.5-3754.

  1. RX-J0852−4622: THE NEAREST HISTORICAL SUPERNOVA REMNANT – AGAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Aschenbach

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available RX-J0852−4622, a supernova remnant, is demonstrated to be closer than 500 pc, based on the measurements of the angular radius, the angular expansion rate and the TeV g-ray flux. This is a new method of limiting the distance to any supernova remnant with hadronic induced TeV g-ray flux. The progenitor star of RX-J0852−4622 probably exploded in its blue supergiant wind, like SN 1987A, preceeded by a red supergiant phase. A cool dense shell, expected around the outskirts of the red wind, my have been identified. The distance (200 pc and age (680 yr of the supernova remnant, originally proposed, are supported.

  2. Rotationally invariant ensembles of integrable matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuzbashyan, Emil A; Shastry, B Sriram; Scaramazza, Jasen A

    2016-05-01

    We construct ensembles of random integrable matrices with any prescribed number of nontrivial integrals and formulate integrable matrix theory (IMT)-a counterpart of random matrix theory (RMT) for quantum integrable models. A type-M family of integrable matrices consists of exactly N-M independent commuting N×N matrices linear in a real parameter. We first develop a rotationally invariant parametrization of such matrices, previously only constructed in a preferred basis. For example, an arbitrary choice of a vector and two commuting Hermitian matrices defines a type-1 family and vice versa. Higher types similarly involve a random vector and two matrices. The basis-independent formulation allows us to derive the joint probability density for integrable matrices, similar to the construction of Gaussian ensembles in the RMT.

  3. Rotationally invariant ensembles of integrable matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuzbashyan, Emil A.; Shastry, B. Sriram; Scaramazza, Jasen A.

    2016-05-01

    We construct ensembles of random integrable matrices with any prescribed number of nontrivial integrals and formulate integrable matrix theory (IMT)—a counterpart of random matrix theory (RMT) for quantum integrable models. A type-M family of integrable matrices consists of exactly N -M independent commuting N ×N matrices linear in a real parameter. We first develop a rotationally invariant parametrization of such matrices, previously only constructed in a preferred basis. For example, an arbitrary choice of a vector and two commuting Hermitian matrices defines a type-1 family and vice versa. Higher types similarly involve a random vector and two matrices. The basis-independent formulation allows us to derive the joint probability density for integrable matrices, similar to the construction of Gaussian ensembles in the RMT.

  4. Analisis Pengaruh Rx Level Terhadap Kecepatan Download Data Pada Teknologi GPRS di PT XL Axiata Tbk. Purwokerto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldina Peto Bravi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Data transfer speed on GPRS’s technology isaffected by the present of some obstacles between sender’s side and recipient’s side. Those obstacles cause propagation loss that affect the reduction of power level value (rx level. The reduction will affect the data speed. The lower rx level’s value means the lower dataspeed. This researchwas done by doing drive test on BTS North Purwokerto and BTS Tambaksogra to measure the amount of power measured (Pr andthe download data speed on GPRS’s network. The measuredpower level (Pr was normalized to get rx level value. Regression analysis was done to get the relation between the download speed and the rx level value. Theanalysis has resulted in a model: download speed = 4.1 (rx level 0.459 , with R^2 = 0.380. Correlation analysis shows high correlationbetween rx level and download speed (r = 0.608.

  5. Flutter Analysis of RX-420 Balistic Rocket Fin Involving Rigid Body Modes of Rocket Structures

    OpenAIRE

    Novi Andria

    2013-01-01

    Flutter is a phenomenon that has brought a catastrophic failure to the flight vehicle structure. In this experiment, flutter was analyzed for its symmetric and antisymmetric configuration to understand the effect of rocket rigid modes to the fin flutter characteristic. This research was also expected to find out the safety level of RX-420 structure design. The analysis was performed using half rocket model. Fin structure used in this research was a fin which has semispan 600 mm, thickness 12 ...

  6. A Low Cost BLE Transceiver with RX Matching Network Reusing PA Load Inductor for WSNs Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Zhen; Li, Bin; Huang, Mo; Zheng, Yanqi; Ye, Hui; Xu, Ken; Deng, Fangming

    2017-01-01

    In this work, a low cost Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) transceiver for wireless sensor network (WSN) applications, with a receiver (RX) matching network reusing power amplifier (PA) load inductor, is presented. In order to decrease the die area, only two inductors were used in this work. Besides the one used in the voltage control oscillator (VCO), the PA load inductor was reused as the RX impedance matching component in the front-end. Proper controls have been applied to achieve high transmitter (TX) input impedance when the transceiver is in the receiving mode, and vice versa. This allows the TRX-switch/matching network integration without significant performance degradation. The RX adopted a low-IF structure and integrated a single-ended low noise amplifier (LNA), a current bleeding mixer, a 4th complex filter and a delta-sigma continuous time (CT) analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The TX employed a two-point PLL-based architecture with a non-linear PA. The RX achieved a sensitivity of −93 dBm and consumes 9.7 mW, while the TX achieved a 2.97% error vector magnitude (EVM) with 9.4 mW at 0 dBm output power. This design was fabricated in a 0.11 μm complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology and the front-end circuit only occupies 0.24 mm2. The measurement results verify the effectiveness and applicability of the proposed BLE transceiver for WSN applications. PMID:28422068

  7. Effects of caffeine or RX821002 in rats with a neonatal ventral hippocampal lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy eSandner

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Rats with a neonatal ventral hippocampal lesion (NVHL are used to model schizophrenia. They show enhanced locomotion and difficulties in learning after puberty. Such behavioural modifications are strengthened by dopaminergic psychostimulant drugs, which is also relevant for schizophrenia because illustrating its dopaminergic facet. But it remains questionable that only dopaminergic drugs elicit such effects. The behavioural effects could simply represent a non specific arousal, in which case NVHL rats should also be hyper-responsive to other vigilance enhancing drugs. We administered an adenosine (caffeine or an adrenaline receptor antagonist, (RX821002 at doses documented to modify alertness of rats, respectively 5 mg/Kg and 1 mg/Kg. Rats were selected prior to the experiments using MRI (magnetic resonance imaging. Each group contained typical and similar NVHL lesions. They were compared to sham lesioned rats. We evaluated locomotion in a new environment and the capacity to remember a visual or acoustic cue that announced the occurrence of food. Both Caffeine and RX82100 enhanced locomotion in the novel environment, particularly in NVHL rats. But, RX82100 had a biphasic effect on locomotion, consisting of an initial reduction preceding the enhancement. It was independent of the lesion. Caffeine did not modify the learning performance of NVHL rats. But, RX821002 was found to facilitate learning.Patients tend to intake much more caffeine than healthy people, which has been interpreted as a means to counter some cognitive deficits. This idea was not validated with the present results. But adrenergic drugs could be helpful for attenuating some of their cognitive deficits.

  8. Ultraviolet spectroscopy of the supersoft X-ray source RX J0439.8-6809

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Teeseling, Andre

    1997-07-01

    Observationally, supersoft X-ray sources are classified as near-Eddington stellar objects with almost all emission at energies blue star in the LMC. A 3sigma upper limit to the peak-to-peak optical variability is 0.07 mag. Of all optically identified supersoft X-ray sources, RX J0439.8-6809 has the lowest optical-to-X-ray flux ratio. The nature of RX J0439.8-6809 is still unknown. It might be the hottest known pre-white dwarf, suffering a late helium shell flash. Alternatively, RX J0439.8-6809 could be an accreting binary, in which case it might be the first known double-degenerate supersoft X-ray source with a predicted orbital period of only a few minutes. An ultraviolet spectrum is essential to distinguish between these two spectacular possibilities, and to bridge the gap between the X-ray and optical observations. Such a spectrum can only be obtained with the HST STIS. Therefore, we propose to obtain two ultraviolet spectra, which will test the assumption that the optical spectrum is the Rayleigh-Jeans tail of the soft X-ray component, which will determine the spectral energy distribution, and which may provide the first direct evidence for accretion in this source by detecting an excess in the ultraviolet or ultraviolet emission lines like N V Lambda 1240.

  9. [Multi-DSP parallel processing technique of hyperspectral RX anomaly detection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Wen-Ji; Zeng, Xiao-Ru; Zhao, Bao-Wei; Ming, Xing; Zhang, Gui-Feng; Lü, Qun-Bo

    2014-05-01

    To satisfy the requirement of high speed, real-time and mass data storage etc. for RX anomaly detection of hyperspectral image data, the present paper proposes a solution of multi-DSP parallel processing system for hyperspectral image based on CPCI Express standard bus architecture. Hardware topological architecture of the system combines the tight coupling of four DSPs sharing data bus and memory unit with the interconnection of Link ports. On this hardware platform, by assigning parallel processing task for each DSP in consideration of the spectrum RX anomaly detection algorithm and the feature of 3D data in the spectral image, a 4DSP parallel processing technique which computes and solves the mean matrix and covariance matrix of the whole image by spatially partitioning the image is proposed. The experiment result shows that, in the case of equivalent detective effect, it can reach the time efficiency 4 times higher than single DSP process with the 4-DSP parallel processing technique of RX anomaly detection algorithm proposed by this paper, which makes a breakthrough in the constraints to the huge data image processing of DSP's internal storage capacity, meanwhile well meeting the demands of the spectral data in real-time processing.

  10. The Parallax and Proper Motion of RX J1856.5-3754 Revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Kaplan, D L; Anderson, J

    2001-01-01

    RX J1856.5-3754, a bright soft X-ray source believed to be the nearest thermally emitting neutron star, has commanded and continues to command intense interest from X-ray missions. One of the main goals is to determine the radius of this neutron star. An integral part of the determination is an accurate parallax. Walter (2001) analyzed Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data and derived a parallax, pi=16.5+/-2.3 mas. Combining this distance with the angular radius derived from blackbody fits to observations of RX J1856.5-3754 with ROSAT, EUVE, HST, Pons et al. (2001) derived an observed radius ("radiation radius"), R_{infty}= 7 km. This value is smaller than the radii calculated from all proposed equations-of-state (EOS) of dense baryonic matter (Haensel 2001). Here, we have analyzed the same HST data and find pi=7+/-2 mas. We have verified our result using a number of different, independent techniques, and find the result to be robust. Adopting our parallax, the radius of RX J1856.5-3754 is R_{infty}=15+/-6 km. Th...

  11. Comparisons between simulation and measurements taken with the Medipix3RX detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath, J.; Marchal, J.; Plackett, R.; Horswell, I.; Omar, D.; Gimenez, E. N.; Tartoni, N.

    2014-05-01

    A simulation toolkit developed for use at Diamond Light Source is presented, accompanied with experimental validation using a silicon pixel-array sensor coupled to a Medipix3RX chip controlled via the Merlin Readout System. The simulation makes use of Geant4, where photons are tracked in order to determine their position of interaction and energy deposition. Further to this, a Finite Element Methods package, Comsol, is used to model the Charge Induction Efficiencies of various sensors. Results are coupled to Geant4 simulations to provide an accurate method for computing the signals generated on each pixel within the sensor and then an algorithm to model the front-end electronics of the device. The validity of the simulation toolkit is tested by investigating charge-sharing effects using a Medipix3RX chip bump-bonded to a silicon pixel-array sensor. The dependence of the imaging parameters, on the energy threshold, is presented from both simulation and experiment for the Medipix3RX chip operated with and without the charge sharing compensation circuitry enabled. This simulation toolkit can be used to calculate image quality parameters for the next generation of detectors, including CdTe, as well as to improve data corrections on existing detectors on synchrotron beamlines.

  12. Flutter Analysis of RX-420 Balistic Rocket Fin Involving Rigid Body Modes of Rocket Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novi Andria

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Flutter is a phenomenon that has brought a catastrophic failure to the flight vehicle structure. In this experiment, flutter was analyzed for its symmetric and antisymmetric configuration to understand the effect of rocket rigid modes to the fin flutter characteristic. This research was also expected to find out the safety level of RX-420 structure design. The analysis was performed using half rocket model. Fin structure used in this research was a fin which has semispan 600 mm, thickness 12 mm, chord root 700 mm, chord tip 400 mm, made by Al 6061-T651, double spar configuration with skin thickness of 2 mm. Structural dynamics and flutter stability were analyzed using finite element software implemented on MSC. Nastran. The analysis shows that the antisymmetric flutter mode is more critical than symmetric flutter mode. At sea level altitude, antisymmetric flutter occurs at 6.4 Mach, and symmetric flutter occurs at 10.15 Mach. Compared to maximum speed of RX-420 which is 4.5 Mach at altitude 11 km or equivalent to 2.1 Mach at sea level, it can be concluded that the RX-420 structure design is safe, and flutter will not occur during flight.

  13. Isolation and Characterization of a Broad Spectrum Bacteriocin from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RX7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Kong Boon; Balolong, Marilen P; Kim, Sang Hoon; Oh, Ju Kyoung; Lee, Ji Yoon; Kang, Dae-Kyung

    2016-01-01

    We isolated a Bacillus strain, RX7, with inhibitory activity against Listeria monocytogenes from soil and identified it as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The inhibitory activity was stable over a wide range of pH and was fully retained after 30 min at 80°C, after which it decreased gradually at higher temperatures. The activity was sensitive to the proteolytic action of α-chymotrypsin, proteinase-K, and trypsin, indicating its proteinaceous nature. This bacteriocin was active against a broad spectrum of bacteria and the fungus Candida albicans. Direct detection of antimicrobial activity on a sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel suggested an apparent molecular mass of approximately 5 kDa. Ammonium sulfate precipitation and anion-exchange and gel permeation chromatography integrated with reverse phase-high-performance liquid chromatography were used for bacteriocin purification. Automated N-terminal Edman degradation of the purified RX7 bacteriocin recognized the first 15 amino acids as NH2-X-Ala-Trp-Tyr-Asp-Ile-Arg-Lys-Leu-Gly-Asn-Lys-Gly-Ala, where the letter X in the sequence indicates an unknown or nonstandard amino acid. Based on BLAST similarity search and multiple alignment analysis, the obtained partial sequence showed high homology with the two-peptide lantibiotic haloduracin (HalA1) from Bacillus halodurans, although at least two amino acids differed between the sequences. A time-kill study demonstrated a bactericidal mode of action of RX7 bacteriocin.

  14. Projection Matrices, Generalized Inverse Matrices, and Singular Value Decomposition

    CERN Document Server

    Yanai, Haruo; Takane, Yoshio

    2011-01-01

    Aside from distribution theory, projections and the singular value decomposition (SVD) are the two most important concepts for understanding the basic mechanism of multivariate analysis. The former underlies the least squares estimation in regression analysis, which is essentially a projection of one subspace onto another, and the latter underlies principal component analysis, which seeks to find a subspace that captures the largest variability in the original space. This book is about projections and SVD. A thorough discussion of generalized inverse (g-inverse) matrices is also given because

  15. A four-year experience with patient individualized heparin and protamine dosing using the Hemochron RxDx system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, K M; Briggins, D; Zucker, M; LaDuca, F

    2001-02-01

    Cardiac surgical case histories, collected over 4 years at Huntsville Hospital in Alabama, were reviewed for 2,293 patients. Patients were separated into two dosing groups for both heparin and protamine, hospital empirically dosed and Hemochron RxDx dosed. Review of the heparin dosing information found that incomplete data were collected for 47 patients, leaving 2,246 patients eligible to be evaluated for heparin dose comparison. Both RxDx recommended and empirically calculated doses were recorded, as well as the actual dose given. Of the 2,246 patients, 1671 were administered heparin according to the RxDx calculated dose, and the remaining 575 patients were dosed according to the hospital's empirical protocol. The average RxDx calculated heparin dose was 17% greater then the empirically calculated heparin dose (350 U/kg) (p RxDx recommended dose; whereas, in the empirically dosed patient group only 80% of the patients reached the target ACT after initial heparin bolus dose. Incomplete protamine dosing data was recorded for 336 patients, leaving a total of 1,957 patients available for protamine dose evaluation. All patients had an RxDx protamine calculation, empirical protamine calculation, and actual amount of protamine dosed recorded. Of the 1,953 patients, 1,764 were dosed according to the RxDx recommended dose, with the remaining 189 patients dosed empirically (1 mg protamine/100 U of heparin). In both the RxDx and the empirical groups, 96% of the patients returned to baseline following initial protamine infusion. The overall RxDx dose (293 mg) was 16% lower than the average empirical dose (348 mg). The RxDx system has been shown to be an effective method for determining patient-specific dosing for both heparin and protamine. This long-term clinical experience demonstrates the consistency and reliability of patient maintenance using this individualized dosing system, which has been shown, in other independent evaluations, to lead to improved patient outcomes.

  16. An Efficient Algorithm for Maximum-Entropy Extension of Block-Circulant Covariance Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Carli, Francesca P; Pavon, Michele; Picci, Giorgio

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with maximum entropy completion of partially specified block-circulant matrices. Since positive definite symmetric circulants happen to be covariance matrices of stationary periodic processes, in particular of stationary reciprocal processes, this problem has applications in signal processing, in particular to image modeling. Maximum entropy completion is strictly related to maximum likelihood estimation subject to certain conditional independence constraints. The maximum entropy completion problem for block-circulant matrices is a nonlinear problem which has recently been solved by the authors, although leaving open the problem of an efficient computation of the solution. The main contribution of this paper is to provide an efficient algorithm for computing the solution. Simulation shows that our iterative scheme outperforms various existing approaches, especially for large dimensional problems. A necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a positive definite circulant completio...

  17. Effect of a 7-day treatment with idazoxan and its 2-methoxy derivative RX 821002 [correction of RX 821001] on alpha 2-adrenoceptors and non-adrenoceptor idazoxan binding sites in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portillo, M.; Reverte, M.; Langin, D.; Senard, J. M.; Tran, M. A.; Berlan, M.; Montastruc, J. L.

    1991-01-01

    1. The present study investigates the influence of a 7-day treatment with 2 mg kg-1, s.c., twice daily of RX 821002 (an alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist which binds only to alpha 2-adrenoceptors) or idazoxan (alpha 2-antagonist which binds to alpha 2-adrenoceptors and also to non-adrenoceptor idazoxan binding sites: NAIBS) on alpha 2-adrenoceptor (labelled with [3H]-RX 821002) and NAIBS (labelled with [3H]-idazoxan) number in three tissues (adipocytes, colocytes and platelets) in the rabbit. 2. Acute administration of RX 821002 or idazoxan increased plasma non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and catecholamine levels with no change in plasma glucose levels. 3. The 7-day treatment with RX 821002 or idazoxan failed to influence food intake, total body weight or perirenal adipose tissue weight. 4. RX 821002 and idazoxan increased the number of [3H]-RX 821002 binding sites in adipose tissue with no change in colocytes or platelets. 5. RX 821002 and idazoxan failed to modify [3H]-idazoxan binding sites on adipocytes and colocytes. No significant [3H]-idazoxan binding was detected on rabbit platelets. 6. The results show that a 7-day treatment with alpha 2-antagonists induces an up-regulation in adipocyte alpha 2-adrenoceptors. In contrast, this phenomenon does not involve all the tissues since colocytes and platelets escape the effects of alpha 2-antagonists. The data suggest a differential regulation of alpha 2-adrenoceptors according to their location. 7. The fact that NAIBS did not vary suggests that alpha 2-adrenoceptors and NAIBS are two different entities.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1686202

  18. Random matrices and Riemann hypothesis

    CERN Document Server

    Pierre, Christian

    2011-01-01

    The curious connection between the spacings of the eigenvalues of random matrices and the corresponding spacings of the non trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function is analyzed on the basis of the geometric dynamical global program of Langlands whose fundamental structures are shifted quantized conjugacy class representatives of bilinear algebraic semigroups.The considered symmetry behind this phenomenology is the differential bilinear Galois semigroup shifting the product,right by left,of automorphism semigroups of cofunctions and functions on compact transcendental quanta.

  19. Sparse Matrices in Frame Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lemvig, Jakob; Krahmer, Felix; Kutyniok, Gitta

    2014-01-01

    Frame theory is closely intertwined with signal processing through a canon of methodologies for the analysis of signals using (redundant) linear measurements. The canonical dual frame associated with a frame provides a means for reconstruction by a least squares approach, but other dual frames...... yield alternative reconstruction procedures. The novel paradigm of sparsity has recently entered the area of frame theory in various ways. Of those different sparsity perspectives, we will focus on the situations where frames and (not necessarily canonical) dual frames can be written as sparse matrices...

  20. Cosmetic crossings and Seifert matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Balm, Cheryl; Kalfagianni, Efstratia; Powell, Mark

    2011-01-01

    We study cosmetic crossings in knots of genus one and obtain obstructions to such crossings in terms of knot invariants determined by Seifert matrices. In particular, we prove that for genus one knots the Alexander polynomial and the homology of the double cover branching over the knot provide obstructions to cosmetic crossings. As an application we prove the nugatory crossing conjecture for twisted Whitehead doubles of non-cable knots. We also verify the conjecture for several families of pretzel knots and all genus one knots with up to 12 crossings.

  1. Superalgebraic representation of Dirac matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monakhov, V. V.

    2016-01-01

    We consider a Clifford extension of the Grassmann algebra in which operators are constructed from products of Grassmann variables and derivatives with respect to them. We show that this algebra contains a subalgebra isomorphic to a matrix algebra and that it additionally contains operators of a generalized matrix algebra that mix states with different numbers of Grassmann variables. We show that these operators are extensions of spin-tensors to the case of superspace. We construct a representation of Dirac matrices in the form of operators of a generalized matrix algebra.

  2. Orthogonal polynomials and random matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Deift, Percy

    2000-01-01

    This volume expands on a set of lectures held at the Courant Institute on Riemann-Hilbert problems, orthogonal polynomials, and random matrix theory. The goal of the course was to prove universality for a variety of statistical quantities arising in the theory of random matrix models. The central question was the following: Why do very general ensembles of random n {\\times} n matrices exhibit universal behavior as n {\\rightarrow} {\\infty}? The main ingredient in the proof is the steepest descent method for oscillatory Riemann-Hilbert problems.

  3. P2RX7 purinoceptor: a therapeutic target for ameliorating the symptoms of duchenne muscular dystrophy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Sinadinos

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD is the most common inherited muscle disease, leading to severe disability and death in young men. Death is caused by the progressive degeneration of striated muscles aggravated by sterile inflammation. The pleiotropic effects of the mutant gene also include cognitive and behavioral impairments and low bone density. Current interventions in DMD are palliative only as no treatment improves the long-term outcome. Therefore, approaches with a translational potential should be investigated, and key abnormalities downstream from the absence of the DMD product, dystrophin, appear to be strong therapeutic targets. We and others have demonstrated that DMD mutations alter ATP signaling and have identified P2RX7 purinoceptor up-regulation as being responsible for the death of muscles in the mdx mouse model of DMD and human DMD lymphoblasts. Moreover, the ATP-P2RX7 axis, being a crucial activator of innate immune responses, can contribute to DMD pathology by stimulating chronic inflammation. We investigated whether ablation of P2RX7 attenuates the DMD model mouse phenotype to assess receptor suitability as a therapeutic target.Using a combination of molecular, histological, and biochemical methods and behavioral analyses in vivo we demonstrate, to our knowledge for the first time, that genetic ablation of P2RX7 in the DMD model mouse produces a widespread functional attenuation of both muscle and non-muscle symptoms. In dystrophic muscles at 4 wk there was an evident recovery in key functional and molecular parameters such as improved muscle structure (minimum Feret diameter, p < 0.001, increased muscle strength in vitro (p < 0.001 and in vivo (p = 0.012, and pro-fibrotic molecular signatures. Serum creatine kinase (CK levels were lower (p = 0.025, and reduced cognitive impairment (p = 0.006 and bone structure alterations (p < 0.001 were also apparent. Reduction of inflammation and fibrosis persisted at 20 mo in leg (p = 0

  4. Application of a rule extraction algorithm family based on the Re-RX algorithm to financial credit risk assessment from a Pareto optimal perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoichi Hayashi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Historically, the assessment of credit risk has proved to be both highly important and extremely difficult. Currently, financial institutions rely on the use of computer-generated credit scores for risk assessment. However, automated risk evaluations are currently imperfect, and the loss of vast amounts of capital could be prevented by improving the performance of computerized credit assessments. A number of approaches have been developed for the computation of credit scores over the last several decades, but these methods have been considered too complex without good interpretability and have therefore not been widely adopted. Therefore, in this study, we provide the first comprehensive comparison of results regarding the assessment of credit risk obtained using 10 runs of 10-fold cross validation of the Re-RX algorithm family, including the Re-RX algorithm, the Re-RX algorithm with both discrete and continuous attributes (Continuous Re-RX, the Re-RX algorithm with J48graft, the Re-RX algorithm with a trained neural network (Sampling Re-RX, NeuroLinear, NeuroLinear+GRG, and three unique rule extraction techniques involving support vector machines and Minerva from four real-life, two-class mixed credit-risk datasets. We also discuss the roles of various newly-extended types of the Re-RX algorithm and high performance classifiers from a Pareto optimal perspective. Our findings suggest that Continuous Re-RX, Re-RX with J48graft, and Sampling Re-RX comprise a powerful management tool that allows the creation of advanced, accurate, concise and interpretable decision support systems for credit risk evaluation. In addition, from a Pareto optimal perspective, the Re-RX algorithm family has superior features in relation to the comprehensibility of extracted rules and the potential for credit scoring with Big Data.

  5. Hand-held personal digital assistant program for the HEMOCHRON RxDx heparin and protamine dosing system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Rouby, Soumaya; Rinehart, Kristin; Zucker, Marcia L; LaDuca, Frank M

    2003-09-01

    The use of in vitro dosing assays for heparin and protamine during cardiac surgery has significantly improved overall postoperative patient outcome. The HEMOCHRON RxDx system (International Technidyne Corp, Edison, NJ) is widely used for anticoagulation management. Based on a series of consecutive in vitro tests, the RxDx system is used to quantify the patient's heparin requirement (heparin response test, HRT), measure the activated clotting time (ACT), calculate the blood heparin concentration and the required protamine dose (protamine response test, PRT), as well as determine the efficacy of heparin reversal (protamine dose assay, PDA-O). A hand-held personal digital assistant (PDA) program has been developed that performs the RxDx calculations used for anticoagulation management during cardiac surgery. The Palm m505 hand-held device (Palm, Inc., Santa Clara, CA) is used in concert with any standard Hemochron blood coagulation system. The Palm m505 device has been programmed to perform all the calculations required for the RxDx test system. Patient's body weight, height, and gender are entered into the program using the onscreen keypad and the template provided in the Hemochron program. The calculator automatically provides the patient's blood volume and the recommended heparin dose upon entering the baseline ACT and HRT values and a target ACT. At the end of the case, the optimal protamine dose is determined, and the total heparin level is calculated and displayed upon entry of ACT and PRT clotting times. Following protamine administration, the program calculates any additional protamine required to neutralize residual heparin using the data from a PDA-O test. The RxDx hand-held PDA is accurate, quick, simple, and easy to use, patient data are saved and can be retrieved. The inclusion of this rapid computing technology into the Hemochron RxDx system serves to expand the applications of the Hemochron RxDx system during cardiac interventions.

  6. Searching for partial Hadamard matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Álvarez, Víctor; Frau, María-Dolores; Gudiel, Félix; Güemes, María-Belén; Martín, Elena; Osuna, Amparo

    2012-01-01

    Three algorithms looking for pretty large partial Hadamard matrices are described. Here "large" means that hopefully about a third of a Hadamard matrix (which is the best asymptotic result known so far, [dLa00]) is achieved. The first one performs some kind of local exhaustive search, and consequently is expensive from the time consuming point of view. The second one comes from the adaptation of the best genetic algorithm known so far searching for cliques in a graph, due to Singh and Gupta [SG06]. The last one consists in another heuristic search, which prioritizes the required processing time better than the final size of the partial Hadamard matrix to be obtained. In all cases, the key idea is characterizing the adjacency properties of vertices in a particular subgraph G_t of Ito's Hadamard Graph Delta (4t) [Ito85], since cliques of order m in G_t can be seen as (m+3)*4t partial Hadamard matrices.

  7. GE Rx3i控制器在温西十集气站控制系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莹

    2014-01-01

    本论文采用PAC Systems RX3i控制系统对温西十集气站进行了系统设计。主要从PAC Systems RX3i控制系统的硬件构造;温西十站控系统RX3i编程环境PME;上位机控制软件Proficy Cimplicity HMI 8.1以及RX3i系统在温西十站控系统中的应用结论四方面进行了介绍。

  8. On Conditionally Positive Definite Dot Product Kernels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    V.A.MENEGATTO; C.P.OLIVEIRA; Ana P.PERON

    2008-01-01

    Let m and n be fixed,positive integers and a space composed of real polynomials in m variables.The authors study functions f:R→ R which map Gram matrices,based upon n points of Rm,into matrices,which are nonnegative definite with respect to .Among other things,the authors discuss continuity,differentiability,convexity,and convexity in the sense of Jensen,of such functions.

  9. A concise guide to complex Hadamard matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Tadej, W; Tadej, Wojciech; Zyczkowski, Karol

    2005-01-01

    Complex Hadamard matrices, consisting of unimodular entries with arbitrary phases, play an important role in the theory of quantum information. We review basic properties of complex Hadamard matrices and present a catalogue of inequivalent cases known for dimension N=2,...,16. In particular, we explicitly write down some families of complex Hadamard matrices for N=12,14 and 16, which we could not find in the existing literature.

  10. Hypersurfaces Satisfying $L_rx = Rx$ in Sphere $\\mathbb{S}^{n+1}$ or Hyperbolic Space $\\mathbb{H}^{n+1}$

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Biaogui Yang; Ximin Liu

    2009-09-01

    In this paper, using the method of moving frames, we consider hypersurfaces in Euclidean sphere $\\mathbb{S}^{n+1}$ or hyperbolic space $\\mathbb{H}^{n+1}$ whose position vector satisfies $L_r x=Rx$, where $L_r$ is the linearized operator of the $(r+1)$-th mean curvature of the hypersurfaces for a fixed $r=0,\\ldots,n-1,R\\in \\mathbb{R}^{(n+2)×(n+2)}$. If the -th mean curvature $H_r$ is constant, we prove that the only hypersurfaces satisfying that condition are -minimal $(H_{r+1}≡ 0)$ or isoparametric. In particular, we locally classify such hypersurfaces which are not -minimal.

  11. Lambda-matrices and vibrating systems

    CERN Document Server

    Lancaster, Peter; Stark, M; Kahane, J P

    1966-01-01

    Lambda-Matrices and Vibrating Systems presents aspects and solutions to problems concerned with linear vibrating systems with a finite degrees of freedom and the theory of matrices. The book discusses some parts of the theory of matrices that will account for the solutions of the problems. The text starts with an outline of matrix theory, and some theorems are proved. The Jordan canonical form is also applied to understand the structure of square matrices. Classical theorems are discussed further by applying the Jordan canonical form, the Rayleigh quotient, and simple matrix pencils with late

  12. Matrices with totally positive powers and their generalizations

    OpenAIRE

    Kushel, Olga Y.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, eventually totally positive matrices (i.e. matrices all whose powers starting with some point are totally positive) are studied. We present a new approach to eventual total positivity which is based on the theory of eventually positive matrices. We mainly focus on the spectral properties of such matrices. We also study eventually J-sign-symmetric matrices and matrices, whose powers are P-matrices.

  13. A NOTE ON THE STOCHASTIC ROOTS OF STOCHASTIC MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi-Ming HE; Eldon GUNN

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we study the stochastic root matrices of stochastic matrices. All stochastic roots of 2×2 stochastic matrices are found explicitly. A method based on characteristic polynomial of matrix is developed to find all real root matrices that are functions of the original 3×3 matrix, including all possible (function) stochastic root matrices. In addition, we comment on some numerical methods for computing stochastic root matrices of stochastic matrices.

  14. P2RX7: expression responds to sleep deprivation and associates with rapid cycling in bipolar disorder type 1.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena Backlund

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Rapid cycling is a severe form of bipolar disorder with an increased rate of episodes that is particularly treatment-responsive to chronotherapy and stable sleep-wake cycles. We hypothesized that the P2RX7 gene would be affected by sleep deprivation and be implicated in rapid cycling. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether P2RX7 expression is affected by total sleep deprivation and if variation in P2RX7 is associated with rapid cycling in bipolar patients. DESIGN: Gene expression analysis in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs from healthy volunteers and case-case and case-control SNP/haplotype association analyses in patients. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy volunteers at the sleep research center, University of California, Irvine Medical Center (UCIMC, USA (n = 8 and Swedish outpatients recruited from specialized psychiatric clinics for bipolar disorder, diagnosed with bipolar disorder type 1 (n = 569; rapid cycling: n = 121 and anonymous blood donor controls (n = 1,044. RESULTS: P2RX7 RNA levels were significantly increased during sleep deprivation in PBMCs from healthy volunteers (p = 2.3*10(-9. The P2RX7 rs2230912 _A allele was more common (OR = 2.2, p = 0.002 and the ACGTTT haplotype in P2RX7 (rs1718119 to rs1621388 containing the protective rs2230912_G allele (OR = 0.45-0.49, p = 0.003-0.005 was less common, among rapid cycling cases compared to non-rapid cycling bipolar patients and blood donor controls. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep deprivation increased P2RX7 expression in healthy persons and the putatively low-activity P2RX7 rs2230912 allele A variant was associated with rapid cycling in bipolar disorder. This supports earlier findings of P2RX7 associations to affective disorder and is in agreement with that particularly rapid cycling patients have a more vulnerable diurnal system.

  15. On the orders of transformation matrices (mod n) and two types of generalized Arnold transformation matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Lizhen; CHEN Kefei

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the structure of the orders of matrices (mod n), and present the relation between the orders of matrices over finite fields and their Jordan normal forms. Then we generalize 2-dimensional Arnold transformation matrix to two types of n-dimensional Arnold transformation matrices: A-type Arnold transformation matrix and B-type transformation matrix, and analyze their orders and other properties based on our earlier results about the orders of matrices.

  16. The lower bounds for the rank of matrices and some sufficient conditions for nonsingular matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dafei; Zhang, Xumei

    2017-01-01

    The paper mainly discusses the lower bounds for the rank of matrices and sufficient conditions for nonsingular matrices. We first present a new estimation for [Formula: see text] ([Formula: see text] is an eigenvalue of a matrix) by using the partitioned matrices. By using this estimation and inequality theory, the new and more accurate estimations for the lower bounds for the rank are deduced. Furthermore, based on the estimation for the rank, some sufficient conditions for nonsingular matrices are obtained.

  17. A note on "Block H-matrices and spectrum of block matrices"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jian-zhou; HUANG Ze-jun

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we make further discussions and improvements on the results presented in the previously published work "Block H-matrices and spectrum of block matrices". Furthermore, a new bound for eigenvalues of block matrices is given with examples to show advantages of the new result.

  18. A partial classification of primes in the positive matrices and in the doubly stochastic matrices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Picci; J.M. van den Hof; J.H. van Schuppen (Jan)

    1995-01-01

    textabstractThe algebraic structure of the set of square positive matrices is that of a semi-ring. The concept of a prime in the positive matrices has been introduced. A few examples of primes in the positive matrices are known but there is no general classification. In this paper a partial

  19. Pathological rate matrices: from primates to pathogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knight Rob

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Continuous-time Markov models allow flexible, parametrically succinct descriptions of sequence divergence. Non-reversible forms of these models are more biologically realistic but are challenging to develop. The instantaneous rate matrices defined for these models are typically transformed into substitution probability matrices using a matrix exponentiation algorithm that employs eigendecomposition, but this algorithm has characteristic vulnerabilities that lead to significant errors when a rate matrix possesses certain 'pathological' properties. Here we tested whether pathological rate matrices exist in nature, and consider the suitability of different algorithms to their computation. Results We used concatenated protein coding gene alignments from microbial genomes, primate genomes and independent intron alignments from primate genomes. The Taylor series expansion and eigendecomposition matrix exponentiation algorithms were compared to the less widely employed, but more robust, Padé with scaling and squaring algorithm for nucleotide, dinucleotide, codon and trinucleotide rate matrices. Pathological dinucleotide and trinucleotide matrices were evident in the microbial data set, affecting the eigendecomposition and Taylor algorithms respectively. Even using a conservative estimate of matrix error (occurrence of an invalid probability, both Taylor and eigendecomposition algorithms exhibited substantial error rates: ~100% of all exonic trinucleotide matrices were pathological to the Taylor algorithm while ~10% of codon positions 1 and 2 dinucleotide matrices and intronic trinucleotide matrices, and ~30% of codon matrices were pathological to eigendecomposition. The majority of Taylor algorithm errors derived from occurrence of multiple unobserved states. A small number of negative probabilities were detected from the Pad�� algorithm on trinucleotide matrices that were attributable to machine precision. Although the Pad

  20. Dynamical invariance for random matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Unterberger, Jeremie

    2016-01-01

    We consider a general Langevin dynamics for the one-dimensional N-particle Coulomb gas with confining potential $V$ at temperature $\\beta$. These dynamics describe for $\\beta=2$ the time evolution of the eigenvalues of $N\\times N$ random Hermitian matrices. The equilibrium partition function -- equal to the normalization constant of the Laughlin wave function in fractional quantum Hall effect -- is known to satisfy an infinite number of constraints called Virasoro or loop constraints. We introduce here a dynamical generating function on the space of random trajectories which satisfies a large class of constraints of geometric origin. We focus in this article on a subclass induced by the invariance under the Schr\\"odinger-Virasoro algebra.

  1. Isolation and Characterization of a Broad Spectrum Bacteriocin from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RX7

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kong Boon Lim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We isolated a Bacillus strain, RX7, with inhibitory activity against Listeria monocytogenes from soil and identified it as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The inhibitory activity was stable over a wide range of pH and was fully retained after 30 min at 80°C, after which it decreased gradually at higher temperatures. The activity was sensitive to the proteolytic action of α-chymotrypsin, proteinase-K, and trypsin, indicating its proteinaceous nature. This bacteriocin was active against a broad spectrum of bacteria and the fungus Candida albicans. Direct detection of antimicrobial activity on a sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel suggested an apparent molecular mass of approximately 5 kDa. Ammonium sulfate precipitation and anion-exchange and gel permeation chromatography integrated with reverse phase-high-performance liquid chromatography were used for bacteriocin purification. Automated N-terminal Edman degradation of the purified RX7 bacteriocin recognized the first 15 amino acids as NH2-X-Ala-Trp-Tyr-Asp-Ile-Arg-Lys-Leu-Gly-Asn-Lys-Gly-Ala, where the letter X in the sequence indicates an unknown or nonstandard amino acid. Based on BLAST similarity search and multiple alignment analysis, the obtained partial sequence showed high homology with the two-peptide lantibiotic haloduracin (HalA1 from Bacillus halodurans, although at least two amino acids differed between the sequences. A time-kill study demonstrated a bactericidal mode of action of RX7 bacteriocin.

  2. Oblique fluorescence in a MARS scanner with a CdTe-Medipix3RX

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanden Broeke, L.; Atharifard, A.; Goulter, B. P.; Healy, J. L.; Ramyar, M.; Panta, R. K.; Anjomrouz, M.; Shamshad, M.; Largeau, A.; Mueller, K.; Walsh, M. F.; Aamir, R.; Smithies, D. J.; Doesburg, R.; Rajendran, K.; de Ruiter, N. J. A.; Knight, D.; Chernoglazov, A.; Mandalika, H.; Bateman, C. J.; Bell, S. T.; Butler, A. P. H.; Butler, P. H.

    2016-12-01

    The latest version of the MARS small bore scanner makes use of the Medipix3RX ASIC, bonded to a CdTe or CZT semi-conductor layer, to count x-ray photons and create a spectroscopic CT data set. The MARS imaging chain uses the energy-resolved 2D transmission images to construct quantitative 3D spectral and material images. To improve the spectral performance of the imaging system it is important that the energy response of the detector is well calibrated. A common methodology for energy calibration is to use x-ray fluorescence (XRF), due to its effective monochromatic nature. Oblique (off-axis) XRF can be measured in situ in the MARS small bore scanner. A monoatomic foil is placed in front of the x-ray source and off-axis XRF is measured. A key issue is identifying near optimal measurement positions that maximize the XRF signal while minimizing transmitted and scattered x-rays from the primary beam. This work shows the development of a theoretical model that is able to identify where in the detector plane XRF is maximum. We present: (1) a theoretical model that calculates the XRF photon distribution across the detector plane produced from illuminated foils attached to the scanner's filter bar; (2) preliminary experimental measurements of the XRF distribution outside of the main beam taken with a CdTe-Medipix3RX detector; and (3) a comparison between the model and experiment. The main motivation behind creating this model is to identify the region in the detector plane outside of the main beam where XRF is at a maximum. This provides the optimum detector location for measuring a monochromatic XRF source with minimal polychromatic contamination for its use in per-pixel energy calibration of Medipix3RX detectors in MARS scanners.

  3. Reducing beam hardening effects and metal artefacts using Medipix3RX: With applications from biomaterial science

    CERN Document Server

    Rajendran, K; de Ruiter, N J A; Chernoglazov, A I; Panta, R K; Butler, A P H; Butler, P H; Bell, S T; Anderson, N G; Woodfield, T B F; Tredinnick, S J; Healy, J L; Bateman, C J; Aamir, R; Doesburg, R M N; Renaud, P F; Gieseg, S P; Smithies, D J; Mohr, J L; Mandalika, V B H; Opie, A M T; Cook, N J; Ronaldson, J P; Nik, S J; Atharifard, A; Clyne, M; Bones, P J; Bartneck, C; Grasset, R; Schleich, N; Billinghurst, M

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses methods for reducing beam hardening effects using spectral data for biomaterial applications. A small-animal spectral scanner operating in the diagnostic energy range was used. We investigate the use of photon-processing features of the Medipix3RX ASIC in reducing beam hardening and associated artefacts. A fully operational charge summing mode was used during the imaging routine. We present spectral data collected for metal alloy samples, its analysis using algebraic 3D reconstruction software and volume visualisation using a custom volume rendering software. Narrow high energy acquisition using the photon-processing detector revealed substantial reduction in beam hardening effects and metal artefacts.

  4. Control and Calibration of a Staubli RX130 Robotic Arm for Construction of Surface Current Coils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanmeter, Patrick; Crawford, Christopher; Guler, Emre; Fugal, Mario; Irvin, Bradley

    2013-10-01

    Precision low energy neutron experiments require extremely uniform magnetic fields for manipulating the neutron spin. Such fields can be generated with surface current coils-precision 3-dimensional printed circuits. We are developing a facility to etch out these circuits on copper-plated curved forms using a high-speed spindle attached to the end-effector of a Staubli RX130 six-axis robotic arm. We describe our mathematical model of the robotic links and the software system we designed to control the motion of the arm and to prevent collisions during actuations. We developed a calibration procedure to achieve accuracy of 30 microns in the position of drill.

  5. Expansion measurements of supernova remnant RX J1713.7-3946

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuji, Naomi; Uchiyama, Yasunobu

    2016-12-01

    Supernova remnant (SNR) RX J1713.7-3946 is well known for its bright TeV gamma-ray emission with a shell-like morphology. Strong synchrotron X-ray emission dominates the total X-ray flux in SNR RX J1713.7-3946 and the X-ray morphology is broadly similar to the TeV gamma-ray appearance. The synchrotron X-ray and TeV gamma-ray brightness allows us to perform detailed analysis of the acceleration of TeV-scale particles in this SNR. To constrain the hydrodynamical evolution of RX J1713.7-3946, we have performed six observations of the northwestern (NW) shell with the Chandra X-ray Observatory from 2005 to 2011, and measured the proper motion by using these data and the first epoch observation taken in 2000. The blast-wave shock speed at the NW shell is measured to be (3900 ± 300)(d/ kpc) km s-1 with an estimated distance of d = 1 kpc, and the proper motions of other structures within the NW shell are significantly less than that. Assuming that the measured blast-wave shock speed is representative of the remnant's outer shock wave as a whole, we have confronted our measurements, as well as a recent detection of thermal X-ray lines, with the analytic solution of the hydrodynamical properties of SNRs. Our hydrodynamical analysis indicates that the age of the remnant is 1580-2100 yr, supporting the association with SN393. A model with supernova kinetic energy of E = 1051 erg, ejecta mass of Mej = 3 M⊙, and ambient density at the current blast wave location of n2 = 0.015 cm-3, provides a reasonable explanation for our measurements and previous findings at the X-ray and gamma-ray wavelengths. We find that the transition to the Sedov-Taylor phase is incomplete for any reasonable set of parameters, implying that the current maximum energy of accelerated protons in RX J1713.7-3946 would not correspond to the maximum attainable energy for this remnant.

  6. X-ray imaging with a silicon microstrip detector coupled to the RX64 ASIC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldazzi, G.; Bollini, D.; Cabal Rodriguez, A.E.; Dabrowski, W.; Diaz Garcia, A.; Gambaccini, M.; Giubellino, P.; Gombia, M.; Grybos, P.; Idzik, M.; Marzari-Chiesa, A.; Montano Zetina, L.M.; Prino, F.; Ramello, L. E-mail: ramello@to.infn.it; Sitta, M.; Swientek, K.; Taibi, A.; Tuffanelli, A.; Wheadon, R.; Wiacek, P

    2003-08-21

    A single photon counting X-ray imaging system, with possible applications to dual energy mammography and angiography, is presented. A silicon microstrip detector with 100 {mu}m pitch strips is coupled to RX64 ASICs, each of them including 64 channels of preamplifier, shaper, discriminator and scaler. The system has low noise, good spatial resolution and high counting rate capability. Results on energy resolution have been obtained with a fluorescence source and quasi-monochromatic X-rays beams. Preliminary images obtained with an angiographic phantom are presented.

  7. Tensor Products of Random Unitary Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Tkocz, Tomasz; Kus, Marek; Zeitouni, Ofer; Zyczkowski, Karol

    2012-01-01

    Tensor products of M random unitary matrices of size N from the circular unitary ensemble are investigated. We show that the spectral statistics of the tensor product of random matrices becomes Poissonian if M=2, N become large or M become large and N=2.

  8. Products of Generalized Stochastic Sarymsakov Matrices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xia, Weiguo; Liu, Ji; Cao, Ming; Johansson, Karl; Basar, Tamer

    2015-01-01

    In the set of stochastic, indecomposable, aperiodic (SIA) matrices, the class of stochastic Sarymsakov matrices is the largest known subset (i) that is closed under matrix multiplication and (ii) the infinitely long left-product of the elements from a compact subset converges to a rank-one matrix. In

  9. Abel-Grassmann's Groupoids of Modulo Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Rashad

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The binary operation of usual addition is associative in all matrices over R. However, a binary operation of addition in matrices over Z n of a nonassociative structures of AG-groupoids and AG-groups are defined and investigated here. It is shown that both these structures exist for every integer n > 3. Various properties of these structures are explored like: (i Every AG-groupoid of matrices over Z n is transitively commutative AG-groupoid and is a cancellative AG-groupoid ifn is prime. (ii Every AG-groupoid of matrices over Z n of Type-II is a T3-AG-groupoid. (iii An AG-groupoid of matrices over Z n ; G nAG(t,u, is an AG-band, ift+ u=1(mod n.

  10. High resolution optical and near-IR imaging of the quadruple quasar RX J0911.4+0551

    CERN Document Server

    Burud, I; Lidman, C E; Jaunsen, A O; Hjorth, J; Ostensen, R; Andersen, M; Clasen, J; Meylan, G; Magain, P; Stabell, R; Refsdal, S

    1998-01-01

    We report the detection of four images in the recently discovered lensed QSO RX J0911.4+0551. With a maximum angular separation of 3.1", it is the quadruply imaged QSO with the widest known angular separation. Raw and deconvolved data reveal an elongated lens galaxy. The observed reddening in at least two of the four QSO images suggests differential extinction by this lensing galaxy. External shear from a nearby mass, such as a galaxy cluster, might act on the lensed system and explain the complex geometry observed in RX J0911.4+0551. A possible galaxy cluster is detected about 38" from RX J0911.4+0551 and could contribute to the X-ray emission observed by ROSAT in this field. The color of these galaxies indicates a plausible redshift in the range of 0.6-0.8.

  11. Accuracy of the Omron RX-M, an automated blood pressure measuring device, measuring blood pressure at the wrist, according to a modified British Hypertension Society protocol.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braam, R.L.; Aslan, B.; Thien, Th.

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of the Omron RX-M, a device measuring blood pressure oscillometrically at the wrist. METHODS: In 89 subjects (mean age 55+/-14 years) blood pressure measurements at the wrist with the Omron RX-M were compared to sequential blood pressure measurements with a

  12. A Weighted Spatial-Spectral Kernel RX Algorithm and Efficient Implementation on GPUs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunhui Zhao

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The kernel RX (KRX detector proposed by Kwon and Nasrabadi exploits a kernel function to obtain a better detection performance. However, it still has two limits that can be improved. On the one hand, reasonable integration of spatial-spectral information can be used to further improve its detection accuracy. On the other hand, parallel computing can be used to reduce the processing time in available KRX detectors. Accordingly, this paper presents a novel weighted spatial-spectral kernel RX (WSSKRX detector and its parallel implementation on graphics processing units (GPUs. The WSSKRX utilizes the spatial neighborhood resources to reconstruct the testing pixels by introducing a spectral factor and a spatial window, thereby effectively reducing the interference of background noise. Then, the kernel function is redesigned as a mapping trick in a KRX detector to implement the anomaly detection. In addition, a powerful architecture based on the GPU technique is designed to accelerate WSSKRX. To substantiate the performance of the proposed algorithm, both synthetic and real data are conducted for experiments.

  13. HI and CO in the circumstellar environment of the oxygen-rich AGB star RX Lep

    CERN Document Server

    Libert, Y; Gérard, E; Winters, J M

    2008-01-01

    Circumstellar shells around AGB stars are built over long periods of time that may reach several million years. They may therefore be extended over large sizes (~1 pc, possibly more), and different complementary tracers are needed to describe their global properties. In the present work, we combined 21-cm HI and CO rotational line data obtained on an oxygen-rich semi-regular variable, RX Lep, to describe the global properties of its circumstellar environment. With the SEST, we detected the CO(2-1) rotational line from RX Lep. The line profile is parabolic and implies an expansion velocity of ~4.2 km/s and a mass-loss rate ~1.7 10^-7 Msun/yr (d = 137 pc). The HI line at 21 cm was detected with the Nancay Radiotelescope on the star position and at several offset positions. The linear shell size is relatively small, ~0.1 pc, but we detect a trail extending southward to ~0.5 pc. The line profiles are approximately Gaussian with an FWHM ~3.8 km/s and interpreted with a model developed for the detached shell around...

  14. Is the Supernova Remnant RX J1713.7-3946 a Hadronic Cosmic Ray Accelerator ?

    CERN Document Server

    Butt, Y M; Combi, J A; Dame, T M; Romero, G E; Butt, Yousaf M.; Torres, Diego F.; Combi, Jorge A.; Dame, Thomas; Romero, Gustavo E.

    2001-01-01

    The non-thermal supernova remnant RX J1713.7-3946 (G347.3-0.5) has recently been shown to be a site of cosmic ray (CR) electron acceleration to TeV energies (Muraishi et al. 2000). Here we present evidence that this remnant is also accelerating CR nuclei. Such nuclei can interact with ambient interstellar gas to produce high energy gamma-rays via the decay of neutral pions. We associate the unidentified EGRET GeV gamma- ray source 3EG J1714-3857 with a massive (~3*10 5 Mo) and dense (~500 nucleons cm -3) molecular cloud interacting with RX J1713.7-3946. Direct evidence for such interaction is provided by observations of the lowest two rotational transitions of CO in the cloud; as in other clear cases of interaction, the CO(J=2-1)/CO(J=1-0) ratio is significantly enhanced. Since the cloud is of low radio and X-ray brightness, CR electrons cannot be responsible for the bulk of its GeV emission there. A picture thus emerges where both electrons and nuclei are being accelerated by the SNR: whereas the CR electron...

  15. A Weighted Spatial-Spectral Kernel RX Algorithm and Efficient Implementation on GPUs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Chunhui; Li, Jiawei; Meng, Meiling; Yao, Xifeng

    2017-02-23

    The kernel RX (KRX) detector proposed by Kwon and Nasrabadi exploits a kernel function to obtain a better detection performance. However, it still has two limits that can be improved. On the one hand, reasonable integration of spatial-spectral information can be used to further improve its detection accuracy. On the other hand, parallel computing can be used to reduce the processing time in available KRX detectors. Accordingly, this paper presents a novel weighted spatial-spectral kernel RX (WSSKRX) detector and its parallel implementation on graphics processing units (GPUs). The WSSKRX utilizes the spatial neighborhood resources to reconstruct the testing pixels by introducing a spectral factor and a spatial window, thereby effectively reducing the interference of background noise. Then, the kernel function is redesigned as a mapping trick in a KRX detector to implement the anomaly detection. In addition, a powerful architecture based on the GPU technique is designed to accelerate WSSKRX. To substantiate the performance of the proposed algorithm, both synthetic and real data are conducted for experiments.

  16. Phase Coherent Timing of RX J0806.3+1527 with ROSAT and CHANDRA

    CERN Document Server

    Strohmayer, T E

    2003-01-01

    RX J0806.3+1527 is an ultra-compact, double degenerate binary with the shortest known orbital period (321.5 s). Hakala et al. (2003) have recently reported new optical measurements of the orbital frequency of the source which indicate that the frequency has increased over the ~9 years since the earliest ROSAT observations. They find two candidate solutions for the long term change in the frequency; df/dt = 3 or 6 x 10E-16 Hz/s. Here we present the results of a phase coherent timing study of the archival ROSAT and Chandra data for RX J0806.3+1527 in the light of these new constraints. We find that the ROSAT -- Chandra timing data are consistent with both of the solutions reported by Hakala et al., but that the higher df/dt = 6.1 x 10E-16 Hz/s solution is favored at the ~97 % level. Such a large df/dt can be accomodated by an ~1 Msun detached double degenerate system powered in the X-ray by electrical energy (Wu et al. 2002). With such a large df/dt the system provides a unique opportunity to explore the intera...

  17. The continued spectral and temporal evolution of RX J0720.4-3125

    CERN Document Server

    Hohle, Markus M; Vink, Jacco; de Vries, Cor P; Turolla, Roberto; Zane, Silvia; Méndez, Mariano

    2012-01-01

    RX J0720.4-3125 is the most peculiar object among a group of seven isolated X-ray pulsars (the so-called "Magnificent Seven"), since it shows long-term variations of its spectral and temporal properties on time scales of years. This behaviour was explained by different authors either by free precession (with a seven or fourteen years period) or possibly a glitch that occurred around $\\mathrm{MJD=52866\\pm73 days}$. We analysed our most recent XMM-Newton and Chandra observations in order to further monitor the behaviour of this neutron star. With the new data sets, the timing behaviour of RX J0720.4-3125 suggests a single (sudden) event (e.g. a glitch) rather than a cyclic pattern as expected by free precession. The spectral parameters changed significantly around the proposed glitch time, but more gradual variations occurred already before the (putative) event. Since $\\mathrm{MJD\\approx53000 days}$ the spectra indicate a very slow cooling by $\\sim$2 eV over 7 years.

  18. RX J0942.7-7726AB: an isolated pre-main sequence wide binary

    CERN Document Server

    Murphy, Simon J; Bessell, Michael S

    2012-01-01

    We report the discovery of two young M-dwarfs, RX J0942.7-7726 (M1) and 2MASS J09424157-7727130 (M4.5), that were found only 42 arcsec apart in a survey for pre-main sequence stars surrounding the open cluster eta Chamaeleontis. Both stars have congruent proper motions and near-infrared photometry. Medium-resolution spectroscopy reveals that they are coeval (age 8-12 Myr), codistant (100-150 pc) and thus almost certainly form a true wide binary with a projected separation of 4000-6000 AU. The system appears too old and dynamically fragile to have originated in eta Cha and a traceback analysis argues for its birth in or near the Scorpius-Centaurus OB Association. RX J0942.7-7726AB joins a growing group of wide binaries kinematically linked to Sco-Cen, suggesting that such fragile systems can survive the turbulent environment of their natal molecular clouds while still being dispersed with large velocities. Conversely, the small radial velocity difference between the stars (2.7 \\pm 1.0 km/s) could mean the syst...

  19. Unveiling the nature of RX J0002+6246 with XMM-Newton

    CERN Document Server

    Esposito, P; Tiengo, A; Paizis, A; Mereghetti, S; Caraveo, P A

    2007-01-01

    The X-ray source RX J0002+6246 was discovered close to the supernova remnant CTB1 in a ROSAT observation performed in 1992. The source phenomenology (soft spectrum, apparent lack of counterparts, possible pulsations at 242 ms, hints for surrounding diffuse emission) led to interpret it as an isolated neutron star in a new supernova remnant. We have analysed an archival XMM-Newton observation performed in 2001. The source coordinates, as computed on the XMM-Newton images, coincide with those of a bright source listed in optical and infrared catalogues. The X-ray spectrum is well described by an optically thin plasma model. No fast pulsations are seen, nor clear evidence of a supernova remnant associated to the source. Thus, we conclude that RX J0002+6246 is not an isolated neutron star, but the X-ray counterpart of the bright optical/infrared source, most likely a F7 spectral class star located at about 0.2 kpc.

  20. The compact central source in the RX J0852-4622 supernova remnant

    CERN Document Server

    Pavlov, G G; Kiziltan, B; Garmire, G P

    2001-01-01

    The central region of the recently discovered supernova remnant RX J0852.0-4622 was observed with the ACIS detector aboard the Chandra X-ray Observatory. We found only one relatively bright source, about 4' north of the SNR center, with a flux of $\\sim 2\\times 10^{-12}$ erg s$^{-1}$ cm$^{-2}$ in the 0.5--10 keV band. The position of this point-like source, CXOU J085201.4-461753, rules out its association with the two bright stars in the field, HD 76060 and Wray 16-30. Observations of the field with the CTIO 0.9-m telescope show a star ($R\\approx 17$, $B\\approx 19$) at about 2\\farcs4 from the nominal X-ray position. We consider association of this star with the X-ray source unlikely and estimate a limiting magnitude of the optical counterpart as $B \\ge 22.5$ and $R \\ge 21.0$. Based on the X-ray-to-optical flux ratio, we argue that the X-ray source is likely the compact remnant of the supernova explosion that created the RX J0852.0-4622 SNR. The observed X-ray spectrum of the source is softer than spectra of ma...

  1. RX-08-HD, a low-viscosity, injection-moldable explosive for filling tortuous paths

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffman, D.M.; Jessop, E.S.; Swansiger, R.W.

    1997-10-01

    Cast cure, extrusion cast, and paste extrudable explosives have not been designed for transferring through long tortuous paths or into fine three dimensional shapes. To allow the crystalline explosive to flow a lubricating fluid is required. The energetic liquid ethane trinitrate (TMETN) was used as the lubricant to maximize the explosive energy. TMETN is a liquid nitrate ester which requires stabilization with conventional free radical stabilizers such as 2- nitrodiphenylamine, methyl-nitroanaline, or ethyl centrylite. Since these injection moldable explosives are expected to cure in place, a polyesterurethane binder based on polymeric isocyanate of hexamethylene diisocyanate and polycaprolactone polyols is dissolved in TMETN. The solubility of the polymer precursors in TMETN also reduces the energetic liquids sensitivity. The latent cure catalyst Dabco T-131 was used to minimize shrinkage associated with thermal expansion, reduce cost associated with oven cures, to give 4-6 hour potlife and overnight cure to handling strength. The product RX-08-HD is a new, low-viscosity, injection moldable explosive that can be extruded into complex, void-free shapes. Combined with appropriate design and other aspects of weaponization, RX-08-HD has produced outstanding results.

  2. Hard X-ray view of microlensing events in RX J1131-1231

    CERN Document Server

    Neronov, A; Walter, R

    2016-01-01

    RX J1131-1231 is a gravitationally lensed system which includes four images of a quasar lensed by an elliptical galaxy. The flux in the individual images is known to be affected by microlensing effect in the visible and X-ray bands. We study the multi-wavelength properties of RX J1131-1231 over a broad energy range, from optical to hard X-ray, during the periods of the microlensing caustic crossings. We aim to constrain the spatial extent of the X-ray emission region at different energies. We combine the data of the source monitoring in the visible band with the X-ray data of the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) on board of SWIFT satellite and Chandra X-ray observatory. Inspecting the broad band spectrum and lightcurves of the source we identify several microlensing caustic crossing events, and study the details of variability of the source during these events. The caustic crossings of image A on MJD 55150 and 55500 produce strong variations of the overall X-ray flux from the source. In the soft X-ray band, the ca...

  3. Comparison of Mode-Locking Phenomena in RFX and TPE-RX Reversed Field Pinch experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolzonella, T.; Martini, S.; Zanca, P.; Yagi, Y.; Koguchi, H.; Nilsson, J.-A. B.

    1999-11-01

    Phase- and wall-locking of MHD dynamo modes (LDM), resulting in non-axisymmetric perturbations of the plasma surface, are frequently observed in RFP’s. Such behavior is well accounted for by resistive MHD theory as the result of the non-linear coupling of many dinamo modes. It is predicted by theory that the amplitudes, and the threshold conditions for wall locking of the above modes depend on the characteristics of one or more conducting walls, such as the shielding time for the magnetic perturbation and the proximity to the plasma. In this work we study the LDM in two RFP’s similar in size (RFX: R/a = 2/0.46 m, TPE-RX: R/a = 1.72/0.45 m), but with different conducting shell and vacuum vessel/first wall systems. The LDM is analyzed in terms of its n,m spectra, of its amplitude scaling with plasma parameters such as current and density, and of the influence of localized field errors on its formation and position. The non-axisymmetric perturbations of the plasma surface are also presented, along with the influence of LDM on plasma toroidal loop voltage, reversal and pinch parameters. The non-locked pulses obtained in TPE-RX are compared with low LDM amplitude pulses obtained in RFX using the Pulsed Poloidal Current Drive technique.

  4. Filling up the period gap RX J0803.4-4748, a new 137 minute polar

    CERN Document Server

    Schwarz, R; Schwarz, Robert; Greiner, Jochen

    1998-01-01

    We report the discovery of a new AM Herculis system as the counterpart of the bright and very soft X-ray source RX J0803.4-4748 found serendipitously in a ROSAT PSPC pointing. Optical photometry showed deep (2 mag) variations with a period of ~137 min placing RX J0803.4-4748 right into the period gap. The modulation can be interpreted in terms of cyclotron beaming and is very similar to that of other non-selfeclipsing polars like e.g. V843 Cen. Such a geometry is also supported by the X-ray light curve of a later HRI pointing which was lacking any pronounced faint-phase. Phase-resolved optical spectra are charaterized by strong Balmer and HeII 4686 Angstroem line emission superimposed onto a blue continiuum, and reveal disinct cyclotron humps at certain phases. The field strength of 39 MG as derived from the separation of the harmonics is in agreement with that of other soft X-ray polars.

  5. Influence of steric and intramolecular inductive effects on the variable trends in R-X (R=Alkyl) bond dissociation energy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The question "why are the variation trends of R-X bond dissociation energy different?" is answered. The R-X bond dissociation energy (BDE) may be influenced by three main factors: the C-X intrinsic bond energy, the 1,3 geminal repulsion, and the intramolecular charge-induced dipole. In the presence of atom X, the variation trend of BDE in R-X (R= Me, Et, i-Pr, t-Bu) is dominated by two factors, the 1,3 geminal repulsion and the intramolecular charge-induced dipole. The former decreases the R-X BDE, and the latter either increases or decreases the R-X BDE. For the series of R-X with the R-C bond (such as R-Me, R-CH == CH2, R-C≡CH, and R-CN), the 1,3 geminal repulsion decreases the R-X BDE, and the variation trends of R-C BDE decrease from Me to t-Bu. As regards the series of R-X (such as R-H, R-BH2, and R-SiH2) in which the electronegativity of atom X is smaller than that of the carbon atom, the above two factors decrease the R-X BDE, and the variation trends of the R-X BDE decrease from Me to t-Bu. As to the series of R-X (such as R-F, R-OH, R-Cl, R-Br, R-I, and R-NH2) in which the electronegativity of atom X is larger than that of the carbon atom, the 1,3 geminal repulsion decreases the R-X BDE, while the intramolecular charge-induced dipole increases the R-X BDE. In this case, the variation trends of R-X BDE depend on the competition of the two factors. As a result, some of them (e. g., R-F, R-OH) increase from Me to t-Bu, some (e. g., R-I) decrease from Me to t-Bu, and some (e. g., R-Br) change very little.

  6. Influence of steric and intramolecular inductive effects on the variable trends in R-X (R=Alkyl) bond dissociation energy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO ChenZhong

    2009-01-01

    The question "why are the variation trends of R-X bond dissociation energy different?" is answered.The R-X bond dissociation energy (BDE) may be influenced by three main factors:the C-X intrinsic bond energy,the 1,3 geminal repulsion,and the intramolecular charge-induced dipole.In the presence of atom X,the variation trend of BDE in R-X (R=Me,Et,i-Pr,t-Bu) is dominated by two factors,the 1,3 geminal repulsion and the intramolecular charge-induced dipole.The former decreases the R-X BDE,and the latter either increases or decreases the R-X BDE.For the series of R-X with the R-C bond (such as R-Me,R-CH-CH2,R-C-CH,and R-CN),the 1,3 geminal repulsion decreases the R-X BDE,and the variation trends of R-C BDE decrease from Me to t-Bu.As regards the series of R-X (such as R-H,R-BH2,and R-SiH2) in which the electronegativity of atom X is smaller than that of the carbon atom,the above two factors decrease the R-X BDE,and the variation trends of the R-X BDE decrease from Me to t-Bu.As to the series of R-X (such as R-F,R-OH,R-CI,R-Br,R-I,and R-NH2) in which the electronegativity of atom X is larger than that of the carbon atom,the 1,3 geminal repulsion decreases the R-X BDE,while the intramolecular charge-induced dipole increases the R-X BDE.In this case,the variation trends of R-X BDE depend on the competition of the two factors.As a result,some of them (e.g.,R-F,R-OH) increase from Me to t-Bu,some (e.g.,R-I) decrease from Me to t-Bu,and some (e.g.,R-Br) change very little.

  7. On Decompositions of Matrices over Distributive Lattices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yizhi Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Let L be a distributive lattice and Mn,q (L(Mn(L, resp. the semigroup (semiring, resp. of n × q (n × n, resp. matrices over L. In this paper, we show that if there is a subdirect embedding from distributive lattice L to the direct product ∏i=1m‍Li of distributive lattices L1,L2, …,Lm, then there will be a corresponding subdirect embedding from the matrix semigroup Mn,q(L (semiring Mn(L, resp. to semigroup ∏i=1m‍Mn,q(Li (semiring ∏i=1m‍Mn(Li, resp.. Further, it is proved that a matrix over a distributive lattice can be decomposed into the sum of matrices over some of its special subchains. This generalizes and extends the decomposition theorems of matrices over finite distributive lattices, chain semirings, fuzzy semirings, and so forth. Finally, as some applications, we present a method to calculate the indices and periods of the matrices over a distributive lattice and characterize the structures of idempotent and nilpotent matrices over it. We translate the characterizations of idempotent and nilpotent matrices over a distributive lattice into the corresponding ones of the binary Boolean cases, which also generalize the corresponding structures of idempotent and nilpotent matrices over general Boolean algebras, chain semirings, fuzzy semirings, and so forth.

  8. Compressed Adjacency Matrices: Untangling Gene Regulatory Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinkla, K; Westenberg, M A; van Wijk, J J

    2012-12-01

    We present a novel technique-Compressed Adjacency Matrices-for visualizing gene regulatory networks. These directed networks have strong structural characteristics: out-degrees with a scale-free distribution, in-degrees bound by a low maximum, and few and small cycles. Standard visualization techniques, such as node-link diagrams and adjacency matrices, are impeded by these network characteristics. The scale-free distribution of out-degrees causes a high number of intersecting edges in node-link diagrams. Adjacency matrices become space-inefficient due to the low in-degrees and the resulting sparse network. Compressed adjacency matrices, however, exploit these structural characteristics. By cutting open and rearranging an adjacency matrix, we achieve a compact and neatly-arranged visualization. Compressed adjacency matrices allow for easy detection of subnetworks with a specific structure, so-called motifs, which provide important knowledge about gene regulatory networks to domain experts. We summarize motifs commonly referred to in the literature, and relate them to network analysis tasks common to the visualization domain. We show that a user can easily find the important motifs in compressed adjacency matrices, and that this is hard in standard adjacency matrix and node-link diagrams. We also demonstrate that interaction techniques for standard adjacency matrices can be used for our compressed variant. These techniques include rearrangement clustering, highlighting, and filtering.

  9. ZPC Matrices and Zero Cycles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Arav

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Let H be an m×n real matrix and let Zi be the set of column indices of the zero entries of row i of H. Then the conditions |Zk∩(∪i=1k−1Zi|≤1 for all k  (2≤k≤m are called the (row Zero Position Conditions (ZPCs. If H satisfies the ZPC, then H is said to be a (row ZPC matrix. If HT satisfies the ZPC, then H is said to be a column ZPC matrix. The real matrix H is said to have a zero cycle if H has a sequence of at least four zero entries of the form hi1j1,hi1j2,hi2j2,hi2j3,…,hikjk,hikj1 in which the consecutive entries alternatively share the same row or column index (but not both, and the last entry has one common index with the first entry. Several connections between the ZPC and the nonexistence of zero cycles are established. In particular, it is proved that a matrix H has no zero cycle if and only if there are permutation matrices P and Q such that PHQ is a row ZPC matrix and a column ZPC matrix.

  10. New tools for human fat cell alpha-2A adrenoceptor characterization. Identification on membranes and on intact cells using the new antagonist (3H)RX821002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galitzky, J.; Larrouy, D.; Berlan, M.; Lafontan, M. (Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse (France))

    1990-01-01

    The pharmacology of the alpha-2 adrenoceptor of the human adipocyte was improved by using some new alpha-2 antagonists from different chemical families (imidazolines, benzazepines and benzofuroquinolizines) in biological and binding assays. Moreover, investigations were also carried out to define the binding properties of a new imidazolinic antagonist, RX821002 (2-(2-methoxy-1,4-benzodioxan-2yl)-2-imidazoline), which could be a potential radioligand. (3H)RX821002 binding was very rapid and reversible. Saturation isotherms indicated that (3H)RX821002 labeled, with high affinity, a homogeneous population of noninteracting binding sites with a mean Kd of 0.98 +/- 0.05 nM (n = 6). The binding of (3H)RX821002 on the human fat cell alpha-2 adrenoceptor displayed a specificity which is strictly similar to that obtained with (3H)rauwolscine and which is classical for an alpha-2 A adrenoceptor. The binding parameters of (3H)RX821002 were compared with those obtained with the classical alpha-2 antagonist (3H)yohimbine. Analysis of the data indicate: (1) that (3H)RX821002 exhibited higher affinity; (2) that the nonspecific binding of (3H)RX821002 was very low; (3) that the total number of sites (maximum binding values) defined with (3H)RX821002 was significantly higher than that defined with (3H)yohimbine. This difference was not due to a specific preferential labeling of one of the two affinity states of the receptor, but suggested that (3H)yohimbine does not label the whole receptor population; (4) that (3H)RX821002 specific binding was less sensitive to magnesium chloride and GTP than (3H)yohimbine binding; and (5) that (3H)RX821002 can be used suitably for identification of alpha-2 adrenoceptors on the intact adipocyte.

  11. Random Matrices and Lyapunov Coefficients Regularity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallavotti, Giovanni

    2017-02-01

    Analyticity and other properties of the largest or smallest Lyapunov exponent of a product of real matrices with a "cone property" are studied as functions of the matrices entries, as long as they vary without destroying the cone property. The result is applied to stability directions, Lyapunov coefficients and Lyapunov exponents of a class of products of random matrices and to dynamical systems. The results are not new and the method is the main point of this work: it is is based on the classical theory of the Mayer series in Statistical Mechanics of rarefied gases.

  12. Statistical properties of random density matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Sommers, H J; Sommers, Hans-Juergen; Zyczkowski, Karol

    2004-01-01

    Statistical properties of ensembles of random density matrices are investigated. We compute traces and von Neumann entropies averaged over ensembles of random density matrices distributed according to the Bures measure. The eigenvalues of the random density matrices are analyzed: we derive the eigenvalue distribution for the Bures ensemble which is shown to be broader then the quarter--circle distribution characteristic of the Hilbert--Schmidt ensemble. For measures induced by partial tracing over the environment we compute exactly the two-point eigenvalue correlation function.

  13. Statistical properties of random density matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sommers, Hans-Juergen [Fachbereich Physik, Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, Campus Essen, 45117 Essen (Germany); Zyczkowski, Karol [Instytut Fizyki im. Smoluchowskiego, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, ul. Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)

    2004-09-03

    Statistical properties of ensembles of random density matrices are investigated. We compute traces and von Neumann entropies averaged over ensembles of random density matrices distributed according to the Bures measure. The eigenvalues of the random density matrices are analysed: we derive the eigenvalue distribution for the Bures ensemble which is shown to be broader then the quarter-circle distribution characteristic of the Hilbert-Schmidt ensemble. For measures induced by partial tracing over the environment we compute exactly the two-point eigenvalue correlation function.

  14. Direct dialling of Haar random unitary matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Nicholas J.; Chakhmakhchyan, Levon; O’Brien, Jeremy L.; Laing, Anthony

    2017-03-01

    Random unitary matrices find a number of applications in quantum information science, and are central to the recently defined boson sampling algorithm for photons in linear optics. We describe an operationally simple method to directly implement Haar random unitary matrices in optical circuits, with no requirement for prior or explicit matrix calculations. Our physically motivated and compact representation directly maps independent probability density functions for parameters in Haar random unitary matrices, to optical circuit components. We go on to extend the results to the case of random unitaries for qubits.

  15. A method for generating realistic correlation matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia, Stephan Ramon

    2011-01-01

    Simulating sample correlation matrices is important in many areas of statistics. Approaches such as generating normal data and finding their sample correlation matrix or generating random uniform $[-1,1]$ deviates as pairwise correlations both have drawbacks. We develop an algorithm for adding noise, in a highly controlled manner, to general correlation matrices. In many instances, our method yields results which are superior to those obtained by simply simulating normal data. Moreover, we demonstrate how our general algorithm can be tailored to a number of different correlation models. Finally, using our results with an existing clustering algorithm, we show that simulating correlation matrices can help assess statistical methodology.

  16. The Antitriangular Factorization of Saddle Point Matrices

    KAUST Repository

    Pestana, J.

    2014-01-01

    Mastronardi and Van Dooren [SIAM J. Matrix Anal. Appl., 34 (2013), pp. 173-196] recently introduced the block antitriangular ("Batman") decomposition for symmetric indefinite matrices. Here we show the simplification of this factorization for saddle point matrices and demonstrate how it represents the common nullspace method. We show that rank-1 updates to the saddle point matrix can be easily incorporated into the factorization and give bounds on the eigenvalues of matrices important in saddle point theory. We show the relation of this factorization to constraint preconditioning and how it transforms but preserves the structure of block diagonal and block triangular preconditioners. © 2014 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

  17. The Conley-Zehnder index for a path of symplectic matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Gutt, Jean

    2012-01-01

    We give here a self contained and elementary introduction to the Conley-Zehnder index for a path of symplectic matrices. We start from the definition of the index as the degree of a map into the circle for a path starting at the identity and ending at a matrix for which 1 is not an eigenvalue. We prove some properties which characterize this index using normal forms for symplectic matrices obtained from geometrical considerations. We explore the relations to Robbin-Salamon index for paths of Lagrangians. We give an axiomatic characterization of the generalization of the Conley-Zehnder index for any continuous path of symplectic matrices defined by Robbin and Salamon.

  18. Constructing valid density matrices on an NMR quantum information processor via maximum likelihood estimation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Harpreet; Arvind; Dorai, Kavita, E-mail: kavita@iisermohali.ac.in

    2016-09-07

    Estimation of quantum states is an important step in any quantum information processing experiment. A naive reconstruction of the density matrix from experimental measurements can often give density matrices which are not positive, and hence not physically acceptable. How do we ensure that at all stages of reconstruction, we keep the density matrix positive? Recently a method has been suggested based on maximum likelihood estimation, wherein the density matrix is guaranteed to be positive definite. We experimentally implement this protocol on an NMR quantum information processor. We discuss several examples and compare with the standard method of state estimation. - Highlights: • State estimation using maximum likelihood method was performed on an NMR quantum information processor. • Physically valid density matrices were obtained every time in contrast to standard quantum state tomography. • Density matrices of several different entangled and separable states were reconstructed for two and three qubits.

  19. Synchronous correlation matrices and Connes’ embedding conjecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dykema, Kenneth J., E-mail: kdykema@math.tamu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Texas A& M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3368 (United States); Paulsen, Vern, E-mail: vern@math.uh.edu [Department of Mathematics, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204 (United States)

    2016-01-15

    In the work of Paulsen et al. [J. Funct. Anal. (in press); preprint arXiv:1407.6918], the concept of synchronous quantum correlation matrices was introduced and these were shown to correspond to traces on certain C*-algebras. In particular, synchronous correlation matrices arose in their study of various versions of quantum chromatic numbers of graphs and other quantum versions of graph theoretic parameters. In this paper, we develop these ideas further, focusing on the relations between synchronous correlation matrices and microstates. We prove that Connes’ embedding conjecture is equivalent to the equality of two families of synchronous quantum correlation matrices. We prove that if Connes’ embedding conjecture has a positive answer, then the tracial rank and projective rank are equal for every graph. We then apply these results to more general non-local games.

  20. THE EIGENVALUE PERTURBATION BOUND FOR ARBITRARY MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen Li; Jian-xin Chen

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we present some new absolute and relative perturbation bounds for the eigenvalue for arbitrary matrices, which improves some recent results. The eigenvalue inclusion region is also discussed.

  1. Sufficient Conditions of Nonsingular H-matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王广彬; 洪振杰; 高中喜

    2004-01-01

    From the concept of a diagonally dominant matrix, two sufficient conditions of nonsingular H-matrices were obtained in this paper. An example was given to show that these results improve the known results.

  2. Optimizing the Evaluation of Finite Element Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Kirby, Robert C; Logg, Anders; Scott, L Ridgway; 10.1137/040607824

    2012-01-01

    Assembling stiffness matrices represents a significant cost in many finite element computations. We address the question of optimizing the evaluation of these matrices. By finding redundant computations, we are able to significantly reduce the cost of building local stiffness matrices for the Laplace operator and for the trilinear form for Navier-Stokes. For the Laplace operator in two space dimensions, we have developed a heuristic graph algorithm that searches for such redundancies and generates code for computing the local stiffness matrices. Up to cubics, we are able to build the stiffness matrix on any triangle in less than one multiply-add pair per entry. Up to sixth degree, we can do it in less than about two. Preliminary low-degree results for Poisson and Navier-Stokes operators in three dimensions are also promising.

  3. Orthogonal Polynomials from Hermitian Matrices II

    CERN Document Server

    Odake, Satoru

    2016-01-01

    This is the second part of the project `unified theory of classical orthogonal polynomials of a discrete variable derived from the eigenvalue problems of hermitian matrices.' In a previous paper, orthogonal polynomials having Jackson integral measures were not included, since such measures cannot be obtained from single infinite dimensional hermitian matrices. Here we show that Jackson integral measures for the polynomials of the big $q$-Jacobi family are the consequence of the recovery of self-adjointness of the unbounded Jacobi matrices governing the difference equations of these polynomials. The recovery of self-adjointness is achieved in an extended $\\ell^2$ Hilbert space on which a direct sum of two unbounded Jacobi matrices acts as a Hamiltonian or a difference Schr\\"odinger operator for an infinite dimensional eigenvalue problem. The polynomial appearing in the upper/lower end of Jackson integral constitutes the eigenvector of each of the two unbounded Jacobi matrix of the direct sum. We also point out...

  4. Balanced random Toeplitz and Hankel Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Basak, Anirban

    2010-01-01

    Except the Toeplitz and Hankel matrices, the common patterned matrices for which the limiting spectral distribution (LSD) are known to exist, share a common property--the number of times each random variable appears in the matrix is (more or less) same across the variables. Thus it seems natural to ask what happens to the spectrum of the Toeplitz and Hankel matrices when each entry is scaled by the square root of the number of times that entry appears in the matrix instead of the uniform scaling by $n^{-1/2}$. We show that the LSD of these balanced matrices exist and derive integral formulae for the moments of the limit distribution. Curiously, it is not clear if these moments define a unique distribution.

  5. Rx-CADRE (Prescribed Fire Combustion-Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiments) collaborative research in the core fire sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    D. Jimenez; B. Butler; K. Hiers; R. Ottmar; M. Dickinson; R. Kremens; J. O' Brien; A. Hudak; C. Clements

    2009-01-01

    The Rx-CADRE project was the combination of local and national fire expertise in the field of core fire research. The project brought together approximately 30 fire scientists from six geographic regions and seven diff erent agencies. The project objectives were to demonstrate the capacity for collaborative research by bringing together individuals and teams with a...

  6. Measuring radiant emissions from entire prescribed fires with ground, airborne and satellite sensors - RxCADRE 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthew B. Dickinson; Andrew T. Hudak; Thomas Zajkowski; E. Louise Loudermilk; Wilfrid Schroeder; Luke Ellison; Robert L. Kremens; William Holley; Otto Martinez; Alexander Paxton; Benjamin C. Bright; Joseph O' Brien; Ben Hornsby; Charles Ichoku; Jason Faulring; Aaron Gerace; David Peterson; Joseph Mauceri

    2016-01-01

    Characterising radiation from wildland fires is an important focus of fire science because radiation relates directly to the combustion process and can be measured across a wide range of spatial extents and resolutions. As part of a more comprehensive set of measurements collected during the 2012 Prescribed Fire Combustion and Atmospheric Dynamics Research (RxCADRE)...

  7. Boolean Inner product Spaces and Boolean Matrices

    OpenAIRE

    Gudder, Stan; Latremoliere, Frederic

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses the concept of Boolean spaces endowed with a Boolean valued inner product and their matrices. A natural inner product structure for the space of Boolean n-tuples is introduced. Stochastic boolean vectors and stochastic and unitary Boolean matrices are studied. A dimension theorem for orthonormal bases of a Boolean space is proven. We characterize the invariant stochastic Boolean vectors for a Boolean stochastic matrix and show that they can be used to reduce a unitary m...

  8. Generalized Inverses of Matrices over Rings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩瑞珠; 陈建龙

    1992-01-01

    Let R be a ring,*be an involutory function of the set of all finite matrices over R. In this pa-per,necessary and sufficient conditions are given for a matrix to have a (1,3)-inverse,(1,4)-inverse,or Morre-Penrose inverse,relative to *.Some results about generalized inverses of matrices over division rings are generalized and improved.

  9. A Euclidean algorithm for integer matrices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritzen, Niels; Thomsen, Jesper Funch

    2015-01-01

    We present a Euclidean algorithm for computing a greatest common right divisor of two integer matrices. The algorithm is derived from elementary properties of finitely generated modules over the ring of integers.......We present a Euclidean algorithm for computing a greatest common right divisor of two integer matrices. The algorithm is derived from elementary properties of finitely generated modules over the ring of integers....

  10. Infinite Products of Random Isotropically Distributed Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Il'yn, A S; Zybin, K P

    2016-01-01

    Statistical properties of infinite products of random isotropically distributed matrices are investigated. Both for continuous processes with finite correlation time and discrete sequences of independent matrices, a formalism that allows to calculate easily the Lyapunov spectrum and generalized Lyapunov exponents is developed. This problem is of interest to probability theory, statistical characteristics of matrix T-exponentials are also needed for turbulent transport problems, dynamical chaos and other parts of statistical physics.

  11. A Wegner estimate for Wigner matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Maltsev, Anna

    2011-01-01

    In the first part of these notes, we review some of the recent developments in the study of the spectral properties of Wigner matrices. In the second part, we present a new proof of a Wegner estimate for the eigenvalues of a large class of Wigner matrices. The Wegner estimate gives an upper bound for the probability to find an eigenvalue in an interval $I$, proportional to the size $|I|$ of the interval.

  12. Matrices related to some Fock space operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Rudol

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Matrices of operators with respect to frames are sometimes more natural and easier to compute than the ones related to bases. The present work investigates such operators on the Segal-Bargmann space, known also as the Fock space. We consider in particular some properties of matrices related to Toeplitz and Hankel operators. The underlying frame is provided by normalised reproducing kernel functions at some lattice points.

  13. Linear algebra for skew-polynomial matrices

    OpenAIRE

    Abramov, Sergei; Bronstein, Manuel

    2002-01-01

    We describe an algorithm for transforming skew-polynomial matrices over an Ore domain in row-reduced form, and show that this algorithm can be used to perform the standard calculations of linear algebra on such matrices (ranks, kernels, linear dependences, inhomogeneous solving). The main application of our algorithm is to desingularize recurrences and to compute the rational solutions of a large class of linear functional systems. It also turns out to be efficient when applied to ordinary co...

  14. Moment matrices, border bases and radical computation

    OpenAIRE

    Mourrain, B.; J. B. Lasserre; Laurent, Monique; Rostalski, P.; Trebuchet, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we describe new methods to compute the radical (resp. real radical) of an ideal, assuming it complex (resp. real) variety is nte. The aim is to combine approaches for solving a system of polynomial equations with dual methods which involve moment matrices and semi-denite programming. While the border basis algorithms of [17] are ecient and numerically stable for computing complex roots, algorithms based on moment matrices [12] allow the incorporation of additional polynomials, ...

  15. Infinite Products of Random Isotropically Distributed Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Il'yn, A. S.; Sirota, V. A.; Zybin, K. P.

    2017-01-01

    Statistical properties of infinite products of random isotropically distributed matrices are investigated. Both for continuous processes with finite correlation time and discrete sequences of independent matrices, a formalism that allows to calculate easily the Lyapunov spectrum and generalized Lyapunov exponents is developed. This problem is of interest to probability theory, statistical characteristics of matrix T-exponentials are also needed for turbulent transport problems, dynamical chaos and other parts of statistical physics.

  16. Definition of the Riesz derivative and its application to space fractional quantum mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayın, Selçuk Ş.

    2016-12-01

    We investigate and compare different representations of the Riesz derivative, which plays an important role in anomalous diffusion and space fractional quantum mechanics. In particular, we show that a certain representation of the Riesz derivative, Rx α , that is generally given as also valid for α = 1, behaves no differently than the other definition given in terms of its Fourier transform. In the light of this, we discuss the α → 1 limit of the space fractional quantum mechanics and its consistency.

  17. Recursive Estimation of the Stein Center of SPD Matrices & its Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salehian, Hesamoddin; Cheng, Guang; Vemuri, Baba C; Ho, Jeffrey

    2013-12-01

    Symmetric positive-definite (SPD) matrices are ubiquitous in Computer Vision, Machine Learning and Medical Image Analysis. Finding the center/average of a population of such matrices is a common theme in many algorithms such as clustering, segmentation, principal geodesic analysis, etc. The center of a population of such matrices can be defined using a variety of distance/divergence measures as the minimizer of the sum of squared distances/divergences from the unknown center to the members of the population. It is well known that the computation of the Karcher mean for the space of SPD matrices which is a negatively-curved Riemannian manifold is computationally expensive. Recently, the LogDet divergence-based center was shown to be a computationally attractive alternative. However, the LogDet-based mean of more than two matrices can not be computed in closed form, which makes it computationally less attractive for large populations. In this paper we present a novel recursive estimator for center based on the Stein distance - which is the square root of the LogDet divergence - that is significantly faster than the batch mode computation of this center. The key theoretical contribution is a closed-form solution for the weighted Stein center of two SPD matrices, which is used in the recursive computation of the Stein center for a population of SPD matrices. Additionally, we show experimental evidence of the convergence of our recursive Stein center estimator to the batch mode Stein center. We present applications of our recursive estimator to K-means clustering and image indexing depicting significant time gains over corresponding algorithms that use the batch mode computations. For the latter application, we develop novel hashing functions using the Stein distance and apply it to publicly available data sets, and experimental results have shown favorable comparisons to other competing methods.

  18. Interstellar absorptions and shocked clouds towards supernova remnant RX J0852.0-4622

    CERN Document Server

    Pakhomov, Yu V; Iyudin, A F

    2012-01-01

    We present results of survey of interstellar absorptions towards supernova remnant (SNR) RX J0852.0-4622. The distribution of KI absorbers along the distance of the background stars is indicative of a local region (d100km/s towards three stars and identify them with shocked clouds of Vela SNR. We reveal and measure acceleration of two shocked clouds at the approaching and receding sides of Vela SNR along the same sight line. The clouds acceleration, velocity, and CaII column density are used to probe cloud parameters. The total hydrogen column density of both accelerating clouds is found to be similar (~6*10^{17} cm$^{-2}$) which indicates that possibly there is a significant amount of small-size clouds in the vicinity of Vela SNR.

  19. Inverse Compton emission from a cosmic-ray precursor in RX J1713.7-3946

    CERN Document Server

    Ohira, Yutaka

    2016-01-01

    Recently, the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) reported two new interesting results for a gamma-ray emitting supernova remnant, RX J1713.7-3946 (G347.3-0.5). One is a broken power-law spectrum of GeV-TeV gamma-rays. The other is a more extended gamma-ray spatial profile than X-rays. In this paper, we show both of these results can be explained by inverse Compton emission from accelerated electrons. If the maximum energy of electrons being accelerated decreases with time, the broken power-law spectrum can be generated by accumulation. Furthermore, the extended component of gamma-ray profile can be interpreted as a CR precursor of currently accelerated electrons.

  20. AGN ACTIVITY AND IGM HEATING IN THE FOSSIL CLUSTER RX J1416.4+2315

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miraghaei, H.; Khosroshahi, H. G.; Abbassi, S. [School of Astronomy, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sengupta, C. [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776, Daedeokdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Raychaudhury, S. [Department of Physics, Presidency University, 86/1 College Street, 700 073 Kolkata (India); Jetha, N. N., E-mail: halime@ipm.ir [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR), University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States)

    2015-12-15

    We study active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity in the fossil galaxy cluster RX J1416.4+2315. Radio observations were carried out using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope at two frequencies, 1420 and 610 MHz. A weak radio lobe that extends from the central nucleus is detected in the 610 MHz map. Assuming the radio lobe originated from the central AGN, we show that the energy injection into the intergalactic medium is only sufficient to heat up the central 50 kpc within the cluster core, while the cooling radius is larger (∼130 kpc). In the hardness ratio map, three low energy cavities have been identified. No radio emission is detected for these regions. We evaluated the power required to inflate the cavities and showed that the total energy budget is sufficient to offset the radiative cooling. We showed that the initial conditions would change the results remarkably. Furthermore, the efficiency of the Bondi accretion in powering the AGN has been estimated.

  1. The first spectra for the RX J0440.9+4431 from 2m Terskol telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Simon, Andrew; Reshetnyk, V M

    2012-01-01

    We present the first results on the spectra of Be/X-ray binary RX J0440.9+4431 obtained with the 2m Ritchey-Cretein-Coude telescope with Cassegrain Multi Mode Spectrograph (CMMS) (with R = 14000) at Terskol observatory. The H-alpha line profile indicates that the new episode of the V/R variability is occuring in the system. The profiles of the H-alpha, H-beta and HeI 7065.71, 6678.15, 5875.97 lines were analyzed and equivalent width were determined. We compared our H-alpha line profile parameters with the previous results from the literature and estimated characteristic time scale for disc changes as about 14 years.

  2. The Low X-Ray State of LS 5039 / RX J1826.2-1450

    CERN Document Server

    Martocchia, A; Negueruela, I

    2004-01-01

    Recent XMM-Newton and Chandra observations of the high mass X-ray binary LS 5039 / RX J1826.2-1450 caught the source in a faint X-ray state. In contrast with previous RXTE observations, we fail to detect any evidence of iron line emission. We also fail to detect X-ray pulsations. The X-ray spectrum can be well fitted by a simple powerlaw, slightly harder than in previous observations, and does not require the presence of any additional disk or blackbody component. XMM-Newton data imply an X-ray photoelectric absorption ($N_{\\rm H} \\sim 7 \\times 10^{21}$ cm$^{-2}$) consistent with optical reddening, indicating that no strong local absorption occurs at the time of these observations. We discuss possible source emission mechanisms and hypotheses on the nature of the compact object, giving particular emphasis to the young pulsar scenario.

  3. The mass distribution of RX J1347-1145 from strong lensing

    CERN Document Server

    Halkola, A; Schrabback, T; Lombardi, M; Bradac, M; Erben, T; Schneider, P; Wuttke, D

    2008-01-01

    High resolution HST/ACS images of the galaxy cluster RX J1347-1145 have enabled us to identify several new multiple image candidates in the cluster, including a 5 image system with a central image. The multiple images allow us to construct an accurate 2-dimensional mass map of the central part of the cluster. The modelling of the cluster mass includes the most prominent cluster galaxies modelled as truncated isothermal spheres and a smooth halo component that is described with 2 parametric profiles. The mass reconstruction is done using a Markov chain Monte Carlo method that provides us with a total projected mass density as well as estimates for the parameters of interest and their respective errors. The mass profile is in reasonable agreement with previous mass estimates based on the X-ray emission from the hot intra-cluster gas, however the X-ray mass estimates are systematically lower than what we obtain with gravitational lensing.

  4. Magnetic Field Amplification and Rapid Time Variations in SNR RX J1713.7-3946

    CERN Document Server

    Ellison, Donald C

    2007-01-01

    Evidence is accumulating suggesting that collisionless shocks in supernova remnants (SNRs) can amplify the interstellar magnetic field to hundreds of microgauss or even milli-gauss levels, as recently claimed for SNR RX J1713.7-3946. If these fields exist, they are almost certainly created by magnetic field amplification (MFA) associated with the efficient production of cosmic rays by diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) and their existence strengthens the case for SNRs being the primary source of galactic cosmic ray ions to the `knee' and beyond. However, the high magnetic field values in SNRs are obtained exclusively from the interpretation of observations of radiation from relativistic electrons and if MFA via nonlinear DSA produces these fields the magnetic field that determines the maximum ion energy will be substantially less than the field that determines the maximum electron energy. We use results of a steady-state Monte Carlo simulation to show how nonlinear effects from efficient cosmic ray production...

  5. Cosmic-Ray Electron Evolution in the Supernova Remnant RX J1713.7-3946

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finke, Justin D.; Dermer, Charles D.

    2012-05-01

    A simple formalism to describe nonthermal electron acceleration, evolution, and radiation in supernova remnants (SNRs) is presented. The electron continuity equation is analytically solved assuming that the nonthermal electron injection power is proportional to the rate at which the kinetic energy of matter is swept up in an adiabatically expanding SNR shell. We apply this model to Fermi and HESS data from the SNR RX J1713.7-3946 and find that a one-zone leptonic model with Compton-scattered cosmic microwave background and interstellar infrared photons has difficulty providing a good fit to its spectral energy distribution, provided the source is at a distance ~1 kpc from the Earth. However, the inclusion of multiple zones, as hinted at by recent Chandra observations, does provide a good fit, but requires a second zone of compact knots with magnetic fields B ~ 16 μG, comparable to shock-compressed fields found in the bulk of the remnant.

  6. AGN activity and IGM heating in fossil cluster RX J1416.4+2315

    CERN Document Server

    Miraghaei, H; Sengupta, C; Raychaudhury, S; Jetha, N N; Abbassi, S

    2015-01-01

    We study Active Galactic Nucleus (AGN) activity in the fossil galaxy cluster, RX J1416.4+2315. Radio observations were carried out using Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) at two frequencies, 1420 MHz and 610 MHz. A weak radio lobe that extends from the central nucleus is detected in 610 MHz map. Assuming the radio lobe originated from the central AGN, we show the energy injection into the Inter Galactic Medium (IGM) is only sufficient to heat up the central 50 kpc within the cluster core, while the cooling radius is larger ( $\\sim$ 130 kpc). In the hardness ratio map, three low energy cavities have been identified. No radio emission is detected for these regions. We evaluated the power required to inflate the cavities and showed that the total energy budget is sufficient to offset the radiative cooling. We showed that the initial conditions would change the results remarkably. Furthermore, efficiency of Bondi accretion to power the AGN has been estimated.

  7. XMM-Newton observations of the ultra-compact binary RX J1914+24

    CERN Document Server

    Ramsay, G; Wu, K; Cropper, M; Mason, K O; Cordova, F A; Priedhorsky, W; Ramsay, Gavin; Hakala, Pasi; Wu, Kinwah; Cropper, Mark

    2004-01-01

    We present XMM-Newton observations of the 569 sec period system RX J1914+24 (V407 Vul). This period is believed to represent the binary orbital period making it an ultra-compact binary system. By comparing the phase of the rise to maximum X-ray flux at various epochs (this includes observations made using ROSAT, ASCA and Chandra) we find that the system is spinning up at a rate of 3.17+/-0.07x10^{-12} s/s. We find that the spectra softens as the X-ray flux declines towards the off-phase of the 569 sec period. Further, the spectra are best fitted by an absorbed blackbody component together with a broad emission feature around 0.59keV. This emission feature is most prominent at the peak of the on-phase. We speculate on its origin.

  8. Metabolic Control Analysis: Separable Matrices and Interdependence of Control Coefficients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsner; Giersch

    1998-08-21

    A central quantity for the analysis of the interdependence of control coefficients is the Jacobian H of the pathway. For a simple metabolic chain, H is known to be tridiagonal. Its inverse H-1, which is required to calculate control coefficients, is semi-separable. A semi-separable nxn matrix (aij) has the characteristic property that it is decomposable into two triangles for each of which there are vectors r=(r1, . . . ,rn) and t=(t1, . . . ,tn) with aij=ritj. The exact definitions of semi-separability and the related separability of matrices are given in Appendix B. Owing to the semi-separability of H-1, the determinants of all 2x2 sub-matrices of elements located within one of the triangles are zero. Therefore, these triangles are regions of vanishing two-minors. The flux control coefficient matrix CJ is hown to be separable and the concentration control coefficient matrix Cs to be semi separable. Cs has, in addition, the peculiarity that the row vector is the same for both its upper and lower triangle. A feedback loop gives rise to a new sub-region of vanishing two-minors, thereby disturbing the semi-separability of the upper triangle of Cs. A recipe is given to graphically construct the regions of vanishing two-minors of concentration control coefficients. The notion of (semi-)separability allows assessment of all dependences of control coefficients for metabolic pathways.Copyright 1998 Academic Press

  9. Graph run-length matrices for histopathological image segmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tosun, Akif Burak; Gunduz-Demir, Cigdem

    2011-03-01

    The histopathological examination of tissue specimens is essential for cancer diagnosis and grading. However, this examination is subject to a considerable amount of observer variability as it mainly relies on visual interpretation of pathologists. To alleviate this problem, it is very important to develop computational quantitative tools, for which image segmentation constitutes the core step. In this paper, we introduce an effective and robust algorithm for the segmentation of histopathological tissue images. This algorithm incorporates the background knowledge of the tissue organization into segmentation. For this purpose, it quantifies spatial relations of cytological tissue components by constructing a graph and uses this graph to define new texture features for image segmentation. This new texture definition makes use of the idea of gray-level run-length matrices. However, it considers the runs of cytological components on a graph to form a matrix, instead of considering the runs of pixel intensities. Working with colon tissue images, our experiments demonstrate that the texture features extracted from "graph run-length matrices" lead to high segmentation accuracies, also providing a reasonable number of segmented regions. Compared with four other segmentation algorithms, the results show that the proposed algorithm is more effective in histopathological image segmentation.

  10. Optimum modulation and demodulation matrices for solar polarimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    del Toro Iniesta, J C; Collados, M

    2000-04-01

    Both temporal and/or spatial modulation are mandatory in current solar polarimetry [Appl. Opt. 24, 3893 (1985); 26, 3838 (1987)]. The modulating and demodulating processes are mathematically described by matrices O and D, respectively, on whose structure the accuracy of Stokes parameter measurements depend. We demonstrate, based on the definition of polarimetric efficiency [Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias Internal Report (1994); ASP Conf. Ser. 184, 3 (1999)], that the maximum efficiencies of an ideal polarimeter are unity for Stokes I and for (Q(2) + U(2) + V(2))(1/2) and that this occurs if and only if O(T)O is diagonal; given a general (possibly nonideal) modulation matrix O, the optimum demodulation matrix turns out to be D = (O(T)O)(-1)O(T); and the maximum efficiencies in the nonideal case are given by the rms value of the column elements of matrix O and are reached by modulation matrices such that O(T)O is diagonal. From these analytical results we distill two recipes useful in the practical design of polarimeters. Their usefulness is illustrated by discussing cases of currently available solar polarimeters. Although specifically devoted to solar polarimetry, the results here may be applied in practically all other branches of science for which polarimetric measurements are needed.

  11. Moment Matrices, Border Bases and Real Radical Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Lasserre, Jean-Bernard; Mourrain, Bernard; Rostalki, Philipp; Trébuchet, Philippe

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we describe new methods to compute the radical (resp. real radical) of an ideal, assuming it complex (resp. real) variety is finite. The aim is to combine approaches for solving a system of polynomial equations with dual methods which involve moment matrices and semi-definite programming. While the border basis algorithms of [17] are efficient and numerically stable for computing complex roots, algorithms based on moment matrices [12] allow the incorporation of additional polynomials, e.g., to re- strict the computation to real roots or to eliminate multiple solutions. The proposed algorithm can be used to compute a border basis of the input ideal and, as opposed to other approaches, it can also compute the quotient structure of the (real) radical ideal directly, i.e., without prior algebraic techniques such as Gr\\"obner bases. It thus combines the strength of existing algorithms and provides a unified treatment for the computation of border bases for the ideal, the radical ideal and the real r...

  12. A Brief Historical Introduction to Matrices and Their Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, L.

    2014-01-01

    This paper deals with the ancient origin of matrices, and the system of linear equations. Included are algebraic properties of matrices, determinants, linear transformations, and Cramer's Rule for solving the system of algebraic equations. Special attention is given to some special matrices, including matrices in graph theory and electrical…

  13. A Brief Historical Introduction to Matrices and Their Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, L.

    2014-01-01

    This paper deals with the ancient origin of matrices, and the system of linear equations. Included are algebraic properties of matrices, determinants, linear transformations, and Cramer's Rule for solving the system of algebraic equations. Special attention is given to some special matrices, including matrices in graph theory and electrical…

  14. Representation-independent manipulations with Dirac matrices and spinors

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Dirac matrices, also known as gamma matrices, are defined only up to a similarity transformation. Usually, some explicit representation of these matrices is assumed in order to deal with them. In this article, we show how it is possible to proceed without any such assumption. Various important identities involving Dirac matrices and spinors have been derived without assuming any representation at any stage.

  15. Condition number estimation of preconditioned matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushida, Noriyuki

    2015-01-01

    The present paper introduces a condition number estimation method for preconditioned matrices. The newly developed method provides reasonable results, while the conventional method which is based on the Lanczos connection gives meaningless results. The Lanczos connection based method provides the condition numbers of coefficient matrices of systems of linear equations with information obtained through the preconditioned conjugate gradient method. Estimating the condition number of preconditioned matrices is sometimes important when describing the effectiveness of new preconditionerers or selecting adequate preconditioners. Operating a preconditioner on a coefficient matrix is the simplest method of estimation. However, this is not possible for large-scale computing, especially if computation is performed on distributed memory parallel computers. This is because, the preconditioned matrices become dense, even if the original matrices are sparse. Although the Lanczos connection method can be used to calculate the condition number of preconditioned matrices, it is not considered to be applicable to large-scale problems because of its weakness with respect to numerical errors. Therefore, we have developed a robust and parallelizable method based on Hager's method. The feasibility studies are curried out for the diagonal scaling preconditioner and the SSOR preconditioner with a diagonal matrix, a tri-daigonal matrix and Pei's matrix. As a result, the Lanczos connection method contains around 10% error in the results even with a simple problem. On the other hand, the new method contains negligible errors. In addition, the newly developed method returns reasonable solutions when the Lanczos connection method fails with Pei's matrix, and matrices generated with the finite element method.

  16. Condition number estimation of preconditioned matrices.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noriyuki Kushida

    Full Text Available The present paper introduces a condition number estimation method for preconditioned matrices. The newly developed method provides reasonable results, while the conventional method which is based on the Lanczos connection gives meaningless results. The Lanczos connection based method provides the condition numbers of coefficient matrices of systems of linear equations with information obtained through the preconditioned conjugate gradient method. Estimating the condition number of preconditioned matrices is sometimes important when describing the effectiveness of new preconditionerers or selecting adequate preconditioners. Operating a preconditioner on a coefficient matrix is the simplest method of estimation. However, this is not possible for large-scale computing, especially if computation is performed on distributed memory parallel computers. This is because, the preconditioned matrices become dense, even if the original matrices are sparse. Although the Lanczos connection method can be used to calculate the condition number of preconditioned matrices, it is not considered to be applicable to large-scale problems because of its weakness with respect to numerical errors. Therefore, we have developed a robust and parallelizable method based on Hager's method. The feasibility studies are curried out for the diagonal scaling preconditioner and the SSOR preconditioner with a diagonal matrix, a tri-daigonal matrix and Pei's matrix. As a result, the Lanczos connection method contains around 10% error in the results even with a simple problem. On the other hand, the new method contains negligible errors. In addition, the newly developed method returns reasonable solutions when the Lanczos connection method fails with Pei's matrix, and matrices generated with the finite element method.

  17. Chemical descriptors, convexity and structure of density matrices in molecular systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bochicchio, Roberto C

    2015-01-01

    The electron energy and density matrices in molecular systems are convex in respect of the number of particles. So that, the chemical descriptors based on their derivatives present the hamper of discontinuities for isolated systems and consequently higher order derivatives are undefined. The introduction of the interaction between the physical domain with an environment induces a coherent structure for the density matrix in the grand-canonical formulation suppressing the discontinuities leading to the proper definitions of the descriptors.

  18. A recursive Formulation of the Inversion of symmetric positive defite matrices in packed storage data format

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Bjarne Stig; Gunnels, John A.; Gustavson, Fred

    2002-01-01

    A new Recursive Packed Inverse Calculation Algorithm for symmetric positive definite matrices has been developed. The new Recursive Inverse Calculation algorithm uses minimal storage, \\$n(n+1)/2\\$, and has nearly the same performance as the LAPACK full storage algorithm using \\$n\\^2\\$ memory words....... New recursive packed BLAS needed for this algorithm have been developed too. Two transformation routines, from the LAPACK packed storage data format to the recursive storage data format were added to the package too....

  19. A rare functional haplotype of the P2RX4 and P2RX7 genes leads to loss of innate phagocytosis and confers increased risk of age-related macular degeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Ben J; Baird, Paul N; Vessey, Kirstan A; Skarratt, Kristen K; Fletcher, Erica L; Fuller, Stephen J; Richardson, Andrea J; Guymer, Robyn H; Wiley, James S

    2013-04-01

    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in Western countries and is diagnosed by the clinical appearance of yellow subretinal deposits called drusen. Genetic changes in immune components are clearly implicated in the pathology of this disease. We have previously shown that the purinergic receptor P2X7 can act as a scavenger receptor, mediating phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and insoluble debris. We performed a genetic association study of functional polymorphisms in the P2RX7 and P2RX4 genes in a cohort of 744 patients with AMD and 557 age-matched Caucasian control subjects. The P2X4 Tyr315Cys variant was 2-fold more frequent in patients with AMD compared to control subjects, with the minor allele predicting susceptibility to disease. Pairwise linkage disequilibrium was observed between Tyr315Cys in the P2RX4 gene and Gly150Arg in the P2RX7 gene, and these two minor alleles formed a rare haplotype that was overrepresented in patients with AMD (n=17) compared with control subjects (n=3) (odds ratio 4.05, P=0.026). Expression of P2X7 (wild type or variant 150Arg) in HEK293 cells conferred robust phagocytosis toward latex beads, whereas coexpression of the P2X7 150Arg with P2X4 315Cys variants almost completely inhibited phagocytic capacity. Fresh human monocytes harboring this heterozygous 150Arg-315Cys haplotype showed 40% reduction in bead phagocytosis. In the primate eye, immunohistochemistry indicated that P2X7 and P2X4 receptors were coexpressed on microglia and macrophages, but neither receptor was seen on retinal pigment epithelial cells. These results demonstrate that a haplotype including two rare variants in P2RX7 and P2RX4 confers a functional interaction between these two variant receptors that impairs the normal scavenger function of macrophages and microglia. Failure of this P2X7-mediated phagocytic pathway may impair removal of subretinal deposits and predispose individuals toward AMD.

  20. Using Elimination Theory to construct Rigid Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Abhinav; Patankar, Vijay M; N, Jayalal Sarma M

    2009-01-01

    The rigidity of a matrix A for target rank r is the minimum number of entries of A that must be changed to ensure that the rank of the altered matrix is at most r. Since its introduction by Valiant (1977), rigidity and similar rank-robustness functions of matrices have found numerous applications in circuit complexity, communication complexity, and learning complexity. Almost all nxn matrices over an infinite field have a rigidity of (n-r)^2. It is a long-standing open question to construct infinite families of explicit matrices even with superlinear rigidity when r=Omega(n). In this paper, we construct an infinite family of complex matrices with the largest possible, i.e., (n-r)^2, rigidity. The entries of an nxn matrix in this family are distinct primitive roots of unity of orders roughly exp(n^4 log n). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first family of concrete (but not entirely explicit) matrices having maximal rigidity and a succinct algebraic description. Our construction is based on elimination...

  1. Mirror-Symmetric Matrices and Their Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国林; 冯正和

    2002-01-01

    The well-known centrosymmetric matrices correctly reflect mirror-symmetry with no component or only one component on the mirror plane. Mirror-symmetric matrices defined in this paper can represent mirror-symmetric structures with various components on the mirror plane. Some basic properties of mirror-symmetric matrices were studied and applied to interconnection analysis. A generalized odd/even-mode decomposition scheme was developed based on the mirror reflection relationship for mirror-symmetric multiconductor transmission lines (MTLs). The per-unit-length (PUL) impedance matrix Z and admittance matrix Y can be divided into odd-mode and even-mode PUL matrices. Thus the order of the MTL system is reduced from n to k and k+p, where p(≥0)is the conductor number on the mirror plane. The analysis of mirror-symmetric matrices is related to the theory of symmetric group, which is the most effective tool for the study of symmetry.

  2. Analysis of GeV-band γ-ray emission from supernova remnant RX J1713.7-3946

    Science.gov (United States)

    Federici, S.; Pohl, M.; Telezhinsky, I.; Wilhelm, A.; Dwarkadas, V. V.

    2015-05-01

    Context. RX J1713.7-3946 is the brightest shell-type supernova remnant (SNR) of the TeV γ-ray sky. Earlier Fermi-LAT results on low energy γ-ray emission suggested that, despite large uncertainties in the background determination, the spectrum is inconsistent with a hadronic origin. Aims: We update the GeV-band spectra using improved estimates for the diffuse Galactic γ-ray emission and more than double the volume of data. We further investigate the viability of hadronic emission models for RX J1713.7-3946. Methods: We produced a high-resolution map of the diffuse Galactic γ-ray background corrected for the HI self-absorption and used it in the analysis of more than five years worth of Fermi-LAT data. We used hydrodynamic scaling relations and a kinetic transport equation to calculate the acceleration and propagation of cosmic rays in SNR. We then determined spectra of hadronic γ-ray emission from RX J1713.7-3946, separately for the SNR interior and the cosmic-ray precursor region of the forward shock, and computed flux variations that would allow us to test the model with observations. Results: We find that RX J1713.7-3946 is now detected by Fermi-LAT with very high statistical significance, and the source morphology is best described by that seen in the TeV band. The measured spectrum of RX J1713.7-3946 is hard with index γ = 1.53 ± 0.07, and the integral flux above 500 MeV is F = (5.5 ± 1.1) × 10-9 photons cm-2 s-1. We demonstrate that scenarios based on hadronic emission from the cosmic-ray precursor region are acceptable for RX J1713.7-3946, and we predict a secular flux increase at a few hundred GeV at the level of around 15% over ten years, which may be detectable with the upcoming Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) observatory.

  3. Geometry of 2×2 hermitian matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG; Liping(黄礼平); WAN; Zhexian(万哲先)

    2002-01-01

    Let D be a division ring which possesses an involution a→ā. Assume that F = {a∈D|a=ā} is a proper subfield of D and is contained in the center of D. It is pointed out that if D is of characteristic not two, D is either a separable quadratic extension of F or a division ring of generalized quaternions over F and that if D is of characteristic two, D is a separable quadratic extension of F. Thus the trace map Tr: D→F,hermitian matrices over D when n≥3 and now can be deleted. When D is a field, the fundamental theorem of 2×2 hermitian matrices over D has already been proved. This paper proves the fundamental theorem of 2×2 hermitian matrices over any division ring of generalized quaternions of characteristic not two.

  4. INERTIA SETS OF SYMMETRIC SIGN PATTERN MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A sign pattern matrix is a matrixwhose entries are from the set {+ ,- ,0}. The symmetric sign pattern matrices that require unique inertia have recently been characterized. The purpose of this paper is to more generally investigate the inertia sets of symmetric sign pattern matrices. In particular, nonnegative fri-diagonal sign patterns and the square sign pattern with all + entries are examined. An algorithm is given for generating nonnegative real symmetric Toeplitz matrices with zero diagonal of orders n≥3 which have exactly two negative eigenvalues. The inertia set of the square pattern with all + off-diagonal entries and zero diagonal entries is then analyzed. The types of inertias which can be in the inertia set of any sign pattern are also obtained in the paper. Specifically, certain compatibility and consecutiveness properties are established.

  5. Generalized Inverse Eigenvalue Problem for Centrohermitian Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘仲云; 谭艳祥; 田兆录

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we first consider the existence and the general form of solution to the following generalized inverse eigenvalue problem(GIEP) : given a set of n-dimension complex vectors { xj }jm = 1 and a set of complex numbers { λj} jm = 1, find two n × n centrohermitian matrices A, B such that { xj }jm = 1 and { λj }jm= 1 are the generalized eigenvectors and generalized eigenvalues of Ax = λBx, respectively. We then discuss the optimal approximation problem for the GIEP. More concretely, given two arbitrary matrices, A-, B- ∈Cn×n , we find two matrices A* and B* such that the matrix (A* ,B* ) is closest to (A- ,B-) in the Frobenius norm, where the matrix (A*, B* ) is the solution to the GIEP. We show that the expression of the solution of the optimal approximation is unique and derive the expression for it.

  6. PRM: A database of planetary reflection matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stam, D. M.; Batista, S. F. A.

    2014-04-01

    We present the PRM database with reflection matrices of various types of planets. With the matrices, users can calculate the total, and the linearly and circularly polarized fluxes of incident unpolarized light that is reflected by a planet for arbitrary illumination and viewing geometries. To allow for flexibility in these geometries, the database does not contain the elements of reflection matrices, but the coefficients of their Fourier series expansion. We describe how to sum these coefficients for given illumination and viewing geometries to obtain the local reflection matrix. The coefficients in the database can also be used to calculate flux and polarization signals of exoplanets, by integrating, for a given planetary phase angle, locally reflected fluxes across the visible part of the planetary disk. Algorithms for evaluating the summation for locally reflected fluxes, as applicable to spatially resolved observations of planets, and the subsequent integration for the disk-integrated fluxes, as applicable to spatially unresolved exoplanets are also in the database

  7. On classification of dynamical r-matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Schiffmann, O

    1997-01-01

    Using recent results of P. Etingof and A. Varchenko on the Classical Dynamical Yang-Baxter equation, we reduce the classification of dynamical r-matrices on a commutative subalgebra l of a Lie algebra g to a purely algebraic problem when l admits a g^l-invariant complement, where g^l is the centralizer of l in g. Using this, we then classify all non skew-symmetric dynamical r-matrices when g is a simple Lie algebra and l a commutative subalgebra containing a regular semisimple element. This partially answers an open problem in [EV] q-alg/9703040, and generalizes the Belavin-Drinfled classification of constant r-matrices. This classification is similar and in some sense simpler than the Belavin-Drinfled classification.

  8. Octonion generalization of Pauli and Dirac matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanyal, B. C.

    2015-10-01

    Starting with octonion algebra and its 4 × 4 matrix representation, we have made an attempt to write the extension of Pauli's matrices in terms of division algebra (octonion). The octonion generalization of Pauli's matrices shows the counterpart of Pauli's spin and isospin matrices. In this paper, we also have obtained the relationship between Clifford algebras and the division algebras, i.e. a relation between octonion basis elements with Dirac (gamma), Weyl and Majorana representations. The division algebra structure leads to nice representations of the corresponding Clifford algebras. We have made an attempt to investigate the octonion formulation of Dirac wave equations, conserved current and weak isospin in simple, compact, consistent and manifestly covariant manner.

  9. A Multipath Connection Model for Traffic Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. M. V. Prabhakaran

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Peer-to-Peer (P2P applications have witnessed an increasing popularity in recent years, which brings new challenges to network management and traffic engineering (TE. As basic input information, P2P traffic matrices are of significant importance for TE. Because of the excessively high cost of direct measurement. In this paper,A multipath connection model for traffic matrices in operational networks. Media files can share the peer to peer, the localization ratio of peer to peer traffic. This evaluates its performance using traffic traces collected from both the real peer to peer video-on-demand and file-sharing applications. The estimation of the general traffic matrices (TM then used for sending the media file without traffic. Share the media file, source to destination traffic is not occur. So it give high performance and short time process.

  10. Block TERM factorization of block matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHE Yiyuan; HAO Pengwei

    2004-01-01

    Reversible integer mapping (or integer transform) is a useful way to realize Iossless coding, and this technique has been used for multi-component image compression in the new international image compression standard JPEG 2000. For any nonsingular linear transform of finite dimension, its integer transform can be implemented by factorizing the transform matrix into 3 triangular elementary reversible matrices (TERMs) or a series of single-row elementary reversible matrices (SERMs). To speed up and parallelize integer transforms, we study block TERM and SERM factorizations in this paper. First, to guarantee flexible scaling manners, the classical determinant (det) is generalized to a matrix function, DET, which is shown to have many important properties analogous to those of det. Then based on DET, a generic block TERM factorization,BLUS, is presented for any nonsingular block matrix. Our conclusions can cover the early optimal point factorizations and provide an efficient way to implement integer transforms for large matrices.

  11. Advanced incomplete factorization algorithms for Stiltijes matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Il`in, V.P. [Siberian Division RAS, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    1996-12-31

    The modern numerical methods for solving the linear algebraic systems Au = f with high order sparse matrices A, which arise in grid approximations of multidimensional boundary value problems, are based mainly on accelerated iterative processes with easily invertible preconditioning matrices presented in the form of approximate (incomplete) factorization of the original matrix A. We consider some recent algorithmic approaches, theoretical foundations, experimental data and open questions for incomplete factorization of Stiltijes matrices which are {open_quotes}the best{close_quotes} ones in the sense that they have the most advanced results. Special attention is given to solving the elliptic differential equations with strongly variable coefficients, singular perturbated diffusion-convection and parabolic equations.

  12. Infinite matrices and their recent applications

    CERN Document Server

    Shivakumar, P N; Zhang, Yang

    2016-01-01

    This monograph covers the theory of finite and infinite matrices over the fields of real numbers, complex numbers and over quaternions. Emphasizing topics such as sections or truncations and their relationship to the linear operator theory on certain specific separable and sequence spaces, the authors explore techniques like conformal mapping, iterations and truncations that are used to derive precise estimates in some cases and explicit lower and upper bounds for solutions in the other cases. Most of the matrices considered in this monograph have typically special structures like being diagonally dominated or tridiagonal, possess certain sign distributions and are frequently nonsingular. Such matrices arise, for instance, from solution methods for elliptic partial differential equations. The authors focus on both theoretical and computational aspects concerning infinite linear algebraic equations, differential systems and infinite linear programming, among others. Additionally, the authors cover topics such ...

  13. Edge fluctuations of eigenvalues of Wigner matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Döring, Hanna

    2012-01-01

    We establish a moderate deviation principle (MDP) for the number of eigenvalues of a Wigner matrix in an interval close to the edge of the spectrum. Moreover we prove a MDP for the $i$th largest eigenvalue close to the edge. The proof relies on fine asymptotics of the variance of the eigenvalue counting function of GUE matrices due to Gustavsson. The extension to large families of Wigner matrices is based on the Tao and Vu Four Moment Theorem. Possible extensions to other random matrix ensembles are commented.

  14. Forecasting Covariance Matrices: A Mixed Frequency Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halbleib, Roxana; Voev, Valeri

    This paper proposes a new method for forecasting covariance matrices of financial returns. The model mixes volatility forecasts from a dynamic model of daily realized volatilities estimated with high-frequency data with correlation forecasts based on daily data. This new approach allows...... for flexible dependence patterns for volatilities and correlations, and can be applied to covariance matrices of large dimensions. The separate modeling of volatility and correlation forecasts considerably reduces the estimation and measurement error implied by the joint estimation and modeling of covariance...... matrix dynamics. Our empirical results show that the new mixing approach provides superior forecasts compared to multivariate volatility specifications using single sources of information....

  15. Extremal spacings of random unitary matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Smaczynski, Marek; Kus, Marek; Zyczkowski, Karol

    2012-01-01

    Extremal spacings between unimodular eigenvalues of random unitary matrices of size N pertaining to circular ensembles are investigated. Probability distributions for the minimal spacing for various ensembles are derived for N=4. We show that for large matrices the average minimal spacing s_min of a random unitary matrix behaves as N^(-1/(1+B)) for B equal to 0,1 and 2 for circular Poisson, orthogonal and unitary ensembles, respectively. For these ensembles also asymptotic probability distributions P(s_min) are obtained and the statistics of the largest spacing s_max are investigated.

  16. Age differences on Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panek, P E; Stoner, S B

    1980-06-01

    Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices was administered to 150 subjects (75 males, 75 females) ranging in age from 20 to 86 yr. Subjects were placed into one of three age groups: adult (M age = 27.04 yr.), middle-age (M age = 53.36 yr.), old (M age = 73.78 yr.), with 25 males and 25 females in each age group. Significant differences between age groups on the matrices were obtained after partialing out the effects of educational level, while sex of subject was not significant.

  17. Super Special Codes using Super Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Kandasamy, W B Vasantha; Ilanthenral, K

    2010-01-01

    The new classes of super special codes are constructed in this book using the specially constructed super special vector spaces. These codes mainly use the super matrices. These codes can be realized as a special type of concatenated codes. This book has four chapters. In chapter one basic properties of codes and super matrices are given. A new type of super special vector space is constructed in chapter two of this book. Three new classes of super special codes namely, super special row code, super special column code and super special codes are introduced in chapter three. Applications of these codes are given in the final chapter.

  18. Study of the Production Conditions and Bacteriolytic Specificity of Bacteriolytic Enzyme RX-17 Produced by Streptomyces sp%链霉菌RX-17溶菌酶的产生条件及溶菌特异性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵昕; 任光文; 屠晓平; 张玉臻

    2003-01-01

    通过液体及平板溶菌活性测定,证明了灰色链霉菌(Streptomyces griseus)RX-17发酵液中存在对变链球菌(Streptococcus mutans)Ingbritt有强力溶解作用的物质-RX-17溶菌酶.产酶培养基碳、氮源最适配比为蔗糖3%、大豆蛋白胨1.25%、牛肉膏0.2%;最适产酶温度为33℃;高溶氧水平对酶的产生有利.溶菌特异性试验证实了RX-17溶菌酶对金黄色葡萄球菌(Staphylococcus aureus)、乳脂链球菌(S.cremoris)、保加利亚乳杆菌(Lactoba-cillus bulgaricus)、短乳杆菌(L.brevis)、产氨短杆菌(Brevibacterium ammoniagenes)及铜绿假单胞菌(Pseudomonasaeruginosa)等多种G+、G-细菌均有良好的溶解作用.

  19. Development of a Schottky CdTe Medipix3RX hybrid photon counting detector with spatial and energy resolving capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimenez, E. N.; Astromskas, V.; Horswell, I.; Omar, D.; Spiers, J.; Tartoni, N.

    2016-07-01

    A multichip CdTe-Medipix3RX detector system was developed in order to bring the advantages of photon-counting detectors to applications in the hard X-ray range of energies. The detector head consisted of 2×2 Medipix3RX ASICs bump-bonded to a 28 mm×28 mm e- collection Schottky contact CdTe sensor. Schottky CdTe sensors undergo performance degrading polarization which increases with temperature, flux and the longer the HV is applied. Keeping the temperature stable and periodically refreshing the high voltage bias supply was used to minimize the polarization and achieve a stable and reproducible detector response. This leads to good quality images and successful results on the energy resolving capabilities of the system.

  20. CHANDRA Observations of RX J1914.4+ 2456: Spin-up of a White Dwarf?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmayer, Tod E.

    2004-01-01

    RX 51914.4+2456 is a candidate double-degenerate binary with a putative 1.756 mHz orbital frequency. In a previous timing study using archival ROSAT and ASCA data we reported evidence for an increase of the putative orbital frequency at a rate consistent with expectations for gravitational radiation from the system. Here we report the results of new Chandra timing observations which confirm the previous indications of spin-up of the X-ray frequency, and provide much tighter constraints on the frequency derivative, u. We obtained with Chandra a total of 75 ksec of exposure in two epochs separated in time by 10.3 months. The total time span of the archival ROSAT, ASCA and new Chandra data is now 10.2 years. This more than doubles the interval spanned by the ROSAT and ASCA data alone, providing much greater sensitivity to a frequency derivative. With the addition of the Chandra data an increasing frequency is unavoidable, and the mean i/ is 5.9f0.9 x 10-l' Hz s-'. Interestingly, power spectra of the longest Chandra pointing show evidence for a sideband structure to the 1.756 mHz frequency. The fundamental and first harmonic show evidence for upper sidebands with a frequency separation of E 0.5 mHz from their parent peaks. Additionally, the first and second harmonics show evidence for lower sidebands with approximately half the frequency separation of the upper sidebands. Similar sideband structure is a common feature of Intermediate Polars (Ips)-although it is usually observed in the optical-and suggests the presence of a longer period in the system, perhaps the previously unseen orbital period. If this is correct the sideband structure indicates an orbital period close to 1 hr, and the observed u likely represents the accretion-induced spin-up of a white dwarf. We discuss the implications of these findings for the nature of RX J1914.4+2456.

  1. Prevalence and characteristics of Escherichia coli sequence type 131 and its H30 and H30Rx subclones: a multicenter study from Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Soo-Young; Park, Yeon-Joon; Johnson, James R; Yu, Jin Kyung; Kim, Yong-Kyun; Kim, Yeong Sic

    2016-02-01

    We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) and its subclones among 268 E. coli isolates. The isolates were collected from 21 Korean hospitals without use of selection criteria and were screened for ST131 status by PCR. ST131 isolates were characterized for extended-spectrum β-lactamase variants, fluoroquinolone resistance genes, plasmid addiction systems, and replicon types. The collection's 57 identified ST131 isolates (21% of 268) were distributed disproportionately by clonal subset, as follows: 21 (37%) H30Rx, 27 (47%) H30 non-Rx, and 8 (14%) non-H30. Most (93%) ST131 isolates were ciprofloxacin resistant, and all H30 isolates had the same 5 nonsynonymous mutations in gyrA, parC, and parE. Twenty (95%) of H30Rx isolates harbored CTX-M-15, whereas only 14 (52%) of H30 non-Rx isolates harbored CTX-M-14 or CTX-M-27. Most (97%) ST131 isolates harbored IncF plasmids, but vagCD was confined exclusively to H30Rx. Our findings suggest that the distinctive characteristics of H30Rx isolates could have contributed to this subclone's recent epidemiologic success.

  2. 新模块支持PAC系统RX3i推动生产效率提升

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    GE Fanuc智能设备于近日发布PAC系统RX3i的两个新模块,隔离的热电偶(Thermocouple)模拟量输入模块和隔离的热电阻(RTD)模块,可提供通道隔离性能和热插拔能力,以减少停机时间。

  3. Determinación y propiedades de H-matrices

    OpenAIRE

    SCOTT GUILLEARD, JOSÉ ANTONIO

    2015-01-01

    [EN] The essential topic of this memory is the study of H-matrices as they were introduced by Ostrowski and hereinafter extended and developed by different authors. In this study three slopes are outlined: 1) the iterative or automatic determination of H-matrices, 2) the properties inherent in the H-matrices and 3) the matrices related to H-matrices. H-matrices acquire every time major relevancy due to the fact that they arise in numerous applications so much in Mathematics,...

  4. Analysis of GeV-band gamma-ray emission from SNR RX J1713.7-3946

    CERN Document Server

    Federici, S; Telezhinsky, I; Wilhelm, A; Dwarkadas, V V

    2015-01-01

    RX J1713.7-3946 is the brightest shell-type Supernova remnant (SNR) of the TeV gamma-ray sky. Earlier Fermi-LAT results on low-energy gamma-ray emission suggested that, despite large uncertainties in the background determination, the spectrum is inconsistent with a hadronic origin. We update the GeV-band spectra using improved estimates for the diffuse galactic gamma-ray emission and more than doubled data volume. We further investigate the viability of hadronic emission models for RX J1713.7-3946. We produced a high-resolution map of the diffuse Galactic gamma-ray background corrected for HI self-absorption and used it in the analysis of more than 5~years worth of Fermi-LAT data. We used hydrodynamic scaling relations and a kinetic transport equation to calculate the acceleration and propagation of cosmic-rays in SNR. We then determined spectra of hadronic gamma-ray emission from RX J1713.7-3946, separately for the SNR interior and the cosmic-ray precursor region of the forward shock, and computed flux varia...

  5. A Three-Dimensional Ray-Tracing Study of R-X Mode Waves during High Geomagnetic Activity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO Fu-Liang; CHEN Lun-Jin; ZHENG Hui-Nan; WANG Shui; GUO Jun

    2008-01-01

    We further present a three-dimensional(3D)ray-tracing study on the propagation characteristic of the superluminous R-X mode waves during high geomagnetic activity following our recent two-dimensional results [J.Geophys.Res.112(2007)A10214].We perform numerical calculations for this mode which originates at specific altitude r=2.0RE in the souice cavity along a 70°night geomagnetic field line.We demonstrate that the ray path of the R-X mode is essentially governed by the azimuthal angle of the wave vector k.Ray paths starting with azimuthal angle 180°(or in the meridian plane)can reach the lowest latitude,but stay at relatively higher latitudes with the azimuthal anglas other than 180°(or off the meridian plane).The results further supports the previous finding that the R-X mode may be physically present in the radiation belts under appropriate conditions.

  6. Theory of cosmic ray and gamma-ray production in the supernova remnant RX J0852.0-4622

    CERN Document Server

    Berezhko, E G; Völk, H J

    2009-01-01

    Aims. The properties of the Galactic supernova remnant (SNR) RX J0852.0-4622 are theoretically analysed. Methods. An explicitly time-dependent, nonlinear kinetic model of cosmic ray (CR) acceleration in SNRs is used to describe the properties of SNR RX J0852.0-4622, the accelerated CRs and the nonthermal emission. The source is assumed to be at a distance of ~1 kpc in the wind bubble of a massive progenitor star. An estimate of the thermal X-ray flux in such a configuration is given. Results. We find that the overall synchrotron spectrum of RX J0852.0-4622 as well as the filamentary structures in hard X-rays lead to an amplified magnetic field B > 100 muG in the SNR interior. This implies that the leptonic very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray emission is suppressed, and that the VHE gamma-rays are hadronically dominated. The energy spectrum of protons produced over the life-time of the remnant until now may well reach ''knee'' energies. The derived gamma-ray morphology is consistent with the H.E.S.S. measurements...

  7. Addressing Social Determinants of Health in a Clinic Setting: The WellRx Pilot in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page-Reeves, Janet; Kaufman, Will; Bleecker, Molly; Norris, Jeffrey; McCalmont, Kate; Ianakieva, Veneta; Ianakieva, Dessislava; Kaufman, Arthur

    2016-01-01

    Although it is known that the social determinants of health have a larger influence on health outcomes than health care, there currently is no structured way for primary care providers to identify and address nonmedical social needs experienced by patients seen in a clinic setting. We developed and piloted WellRx, an 11-question instrument used to screen 3048 patients for social determinants in 3 family medicine clinics over a 90-day period. Results showed that 46% of patients screened positive for at least 1 area of social need, and 63% of those had multiple needs. Most of these needs were previously unknown to the clinicians. Medical assistants and community health workers then offered to connect patients with appropriate services and resources to address the identified needs. The WellRx pilot demonstrated that it is feasible for a clinic to implement such an assessment system, that the assessment can reveal important information, and that having information about patients' social needs improves provider ease of practice. Demonstrated feasibility and favorable outcomes led to institutionalization of the WellRx process at a university teaching hospital and influenced the state department of health to require managed care organizations to have community health workers available to care for Medicaid patients.

  8. The Galaxy Populations of Double Cluster RX J1053.7+5735 at z=1.13

    CERN Document Server

    Hashimoto, Y; Hasinger, G; Szokoly, G; Schmidt, M; Lehmann, I; Hashimoto, Yasuhiro; Hasinger, Guenther; Lehmann, Ingo

    2005-01-01

    We present a study of the galaxy population in the cluster RX J1053.7+5735, one of the most distant X-ray selected clusters of galaxies, which also shows an unusual double-lobed X-ray morphology, indicative of a possible equal-mass cluster merger. Using Keck-DEIMOS spectroscopic observations of galaxies in the 2x1.5 arcmin region surrounding RX J1053.7+5735, we secured redshifts for six galaxies in the range 1.129 =1.134. The mean redshift agrees well with the cluster X-ray redshift previously estimated from the cluster X-ray Fe-K line, confirming the presence of a cluster at z~1.135. Galaxies with concordant redshifts are located in both eastern and western sub-clusters of the double cluster structure, indicating that both sub-clusters are at similar redshifts. This result is also consistent with a previous claim that both eastern and western X-ray lobes have similar X-ray redshifts. Based on their separation of ~ 250 kpc/h, these results support the interpretation that RX J1053.7+5735 is an equal-mass clust...

  9. The proper motion and energy distribution of the isolated neutron star RX J0720.4-3125

    CERN Document Server

    Motch, C; Haberl, F

    2003-01-01

    ESO 4m class telescope and VLT deep imaging of the isolated neutron star RX J0720.4-3125 reveals a proper motion of mu = 97 +/-12 mas/yr and a blue U-B color index. We show that a neutron star atmosphere model modified to account for a limited amount of hydrogen on the star's surface can well represent both the optical and X-ray data without invoking any additional components. The large proper motion almost completely excludes the possibility that accretion from interstellar medium is the powering mechanism of the X-ray emission. It also implies that the proposed spin down is entirely due to magnetic dipole losses. RX J0720.4-3125 is thus a very likely middle aged cooling neutron star. Its overall properties are quite similar to some of the long period radio pulsars recently discovered, giving further support to the idea that RX J0720.4-3125 may be a pulsar whose narrow radio beam does not cross the Earth.

  10. Spectral and temporal variations of the isolated neutron star RX J0720.4-3125: new XMM-Newton observations

    CERN Document Server

    Hohle, M M; Vink, J; Hambaryan, V; Turolla, R; Zane, S; De Vries, C P; Méndez, M

    2008-01-01

    In the past, the isolated, radio-quiet neutron star RX J0720.4-3125 showed variations in the spectral parameters (apparent radius, temperature of the emitting area and equivalent width of the absorption feature) seen in the X-ray spectra, not only during the spin period of 8.39s, but also over time scales of years. New X-ray observations of RX J0720.4-3125 with XMM Newton extend the coverage to about 7.5 years with the latest pointing performed in November 2007. Out of a total of fourteen available EPIC-pn datasets, eleven have been obtained with an identical instrumental setup (full frame read-out mode with thin filter), and are best suited for a comparative investigations of the spectral and timing properties of this enigmatic X-ray pulsar. We analysed the new XMM Newton observations together with archival data in order to follow the spectral and temporal evolution of RX J0720.4-3125 All XMM-Newton data were reduced with the standard XMM-SAS software package. A systematic and consistent data reduction of al...

  11. Universal portfolios generated by Toeplitz matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Choon Peng; Chu, Sin Yen; Pan, Wei Yeing

    2014-06-01

    Performance of universal portfolios generated by Toeplitz matrices is studied in this paper. The general structure of the companion matrix of the generating Toeplitz matrix is determined. Empirical performance of the threeband and nine-band Toeplitz universal portfolios on real stock data is presented. Pseudo Toeplitz universal portfolios are studied with promising empirical achievement of wealth demonstrated.

  12. Parametrizations of Positive Matrices With Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Tseng, M C; Ramakrishna, V; Zhou, Hong

    2006-01-01

    This paper reviews some characterizations of positive matrices and discusses which lead to useful parametrizations. It is argued that one of them, which we dub the Schur-Constantinescu parametrization is particularly useful. Two new applications of it are given. One shows all block-Toeplitz states are PPT. The other application is to relaxation rates.

  13. Generation Speed in Raven's Progressive Matrices Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verguts, Tom; De Boeck, Paul; Maris, Eric

    1999-01-01

    Studied the role of response fluency on results of the Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM) Test by comparing scores on a test of generation speed (speed of generating rules that govern the items) with APM test performance for 127 Belgian undergraduates. Discusses the importance of generation speed in intelligence. (SLD)

  14. Deconvolution and Regularization with Toeplitz Matrices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Per Christian

    2002-01-01

    of these discretized deconvolution problems, with emphasis on methods that take the special structure of the matrix into account. Wherever possible, analogies to classical DFT-based deconvolution problems are drawn. Among other things, we present direct methods for regularization with Toeplitz matrices, and we show...

  15. Extremal norms of graphs and matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Nikiforov, Vladimir

    2010-01-01

    In the recent years, the trace norm of graphs has been extensively studied under the name of graph energy. In this paper some of this research is extended to more general matrix norms, like the Schatten p-norms and the Ky Fan k-norms. Whenever possible the results are given both for graphs and general matrices.

  16. Numerical Methods for Structured Matrices and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Bini, Dario A; Olshevsky, Vadim; Tyrtsyhnikov, Eugene; van Barel, Marc

    2010-01-01

    This cross-disciplinary volume brings together theoretical mathematicians, engineers and numerical analysts and publishes surveys and research articles related to the topics where Georg Heinig had made outstanding achievements. In particular, this includes contributions from the fields of structured matrices, fast algorithms, operator theory, and applications to system theory and signal processing.

  17. Generation speed in Raven's Progressive Matrices Test

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verguts, T.; Boeck, P. De; Maris, E.G.G.

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the role of response fluency on a well-known intelligence test, Raven's (1962) Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM) test. Critical in solving this test is finding rules that govern the items. Response fluency is conceptualized as generation speed or the speed at which a

  18. Positivity of Matrices with Generalized Matrix Functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fuzhen ZHANG

    2012-01-01

    Using an elementary fact on matrices we show by a unified approach the positivity of a partitioned positive semidefinite matrix with each square block replaced by a compound matrix,an elementary symmetric function or a generalized matrix function.In addition,we present a refined version of the Thompson determinant compression theorem.

  19. Robust stability of interval parameter matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    This note is devoted to the problem of robust stability of interval parameter matrices. Based on some basic facts relating the H∞ norm of a transfer function to the Riccati matrix inequality and Hamilton matrix, several test conditions with parameter perturbation bounds are obtained.

  20. Constructing random matrices to represent real ecosystems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Alex; Plank, Michael J; Rossberg, Axel G; Beecham, Jonathan; Emmerson, Mark; Pitchford, Jonathan W

    2015-05-01

    Models of complex systems with n components typically have order n(2) parameters because each component can potentially interact with every other. When it is impractical to measure these parameters, one may choose random parameter values and study the emergent statistical properties at the system level. Many influential results in theoretical ecology have been derived from two key assumptions: that species interact with random partners at random intensities and that intraspecific competition is comparable between species. Under these assumptions, community dynamics can be described by a community matrix that is often amenable to mathematical analysis. We combine empirical data with mathematical theory to show that both of these assumptions lead to results that must be interpreted with caution. We examine 21 empirically derived community matrices constructed using three established, independent methods. The empirically derived systems are more stable by orders of magnitude than results from random matrices. This consistent disparity is not explained by existing results on predator-prey interactions. We investigate the key properties of empirical community matrices that distinguish them from random matrices. We show that network topology is less important than the relationship between a species' trophic position within the food web and its interaction strengths. We identify key features of empirical networks that must be preserved if random matrix models are to capture the features of real ecosystems.

  1. Spectral averaging techniques for Jacobi matrices

    CERN Document Server

    del Rio, Rafael; Schulz-Baldes, Hermann

    2008-01-01

    Spectral averaging techniques for one-dimensional discrete Schroedinger operators are revisited and extended. In particular, simultaneous averaging over several parameters is discussed. Special focus is put on proving lower bounds on the density of the averaged spectral measures. These Wegner type estimates are used to analyze stability properties for the spectral types of Jacobi matrices under local perturbations.

  2. Hierarchical matrix approximation of large covariance matrices

    KAUST Repository

    Litvinenko, Alexander

    2015-11-30

    We approximate large non-structured Matérn covariance matrices of size n×n in the H-matrix format with a log-linear computational cost and storage O(kn log n), where rank k ≪ n is a small integer. Applications are: spatial statistics, machine learning and image analysis, kriging and optimal design.

  3. Correspondence Analysis of Archeological Abundance Matrices

    OpenAIRE

    de Leeuw, Jan

    2007-01-01

    In this chapter we discuss the Correspondence Analysis (CA) techniques used in other chapters of this book. CA is presented as a multivariate exploratory technique, as a proximity analysis technique based on Benzecri distances, as a technique to decompose the total chi-square of frequency matrices, and as a least squares method to fit association or ordination models.

  4. Moment matrices, border bases and radical computation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mourrain, B.; Lasserre, J.B.; Laurent, M.; Rostalski, P.; Trebuchet, P.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we describe new methods to compute the radical (resp. real radical) of an ideal, assuming it complex (resp. real) variety is nte. The aim is to combine approaches for solving a system of polynomial equations with dual methods which involve moment matrices and semi-denite programming.

  5. Moment matrices, border bases and radical computation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mourrain, B.; Lasserre, J.B.; Laurent, M.; Rostalski, P.; Trebuchet, P.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we describe new methods to compute the radical (resp. real radical) of an ideal, assuming it complex (resp. real) variety is nte. The aim is to combine approaches for solving a system of polynomial equations with dual methods which involve moment matrices and semi-denite programming.

  6. Spectral properties of random triangular matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Basu, Riddhipratim; Ganguly, Shirshendu; Hazra, Rajat Subhra

    2011-01-01

    We provide a relatively elementary proof of the existence of the limiting spectral distribution (LSD) of symmetric triangular patterned matrices and also show their joint convergence. We also derive the expressions for the moments of the LSD of the symmetric triangular Wigner matrix using properties of Catalan words.

  7. Affine processes on positive semidefinite matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Cuchiero, Christa; Mayerhofer, Eberhard; Teichmann, Josef

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides the mathematical foundation for stochastically continuous affine processes on the cone of positive semidefinite symmetric matrices. These matrix-valued affine processes have arisen from a large and growing range of useful applications in finance, including multi-asset option pricing with stochastic volatility and correlation structures, and fixed-income models with stochastically correlated risk factors and default intensities.

  8. Malware Analysis Using Visualized Image Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KyoungSoo Han

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a novel malware visual analysis method that contains not only a visualization method to convert binary files into images, but also a similarity calculation method between these images. The proposed method generates RGB-colored pixels on image matrices using the opcode sequences extracted from malware samples and calculates the similarities for the image matrices. Particularly, our proposed methods are available for packed malware samples by applying them to the execution traces extracted through dynamic analysis. When the images are generated, we can reduce the overheads by extracting the opcode sequences only from the blocks that include the instructions related to staple behaviors such as functions and application programming interface (API calls. In addition, we propose a technique that generates a representative image for each malware family in order to reduce the number of comparisons for the classification of unknown samples and the colored pixel information in the image matrices is used to calculate the similarities between the images. Our experimental results show that the image matrices of malware can effectively be used to classify malware families both statically and dynamically with accuracy of 0.9896 and 0.9732, respectively.

  9. [Memorandum on the origin of Rx, the signal be employed to the heading in the prescription].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohashi, K

    1995-01-01

    The symbol variously written Rp. Rx. or R. is still employed by physicians to head their prescriptions. In our country, we have learned and believe that the origin of the symbol is an abbreviation of the Latin word for "recipe." In Europe, another suggestion of the origin of the symbol appears to represent the astronomical sign of the planet Jupiter. There is, however, no evidence to support this suggestion. As regards the Jupiter symbol it is probably that printer may have used the sign as the nearest approach he had in type to the abbreviated sign for recipe. It is believed that the confusion between the two symbols is due to a mere typographical coincidence. A careful examination of the various styles of writing the symbol, clearly shows that the sign was originally adopted as an abbreviation of the word "recipe." Recently, it has been suggested that the symbol originates in "the eye of Horus," but, as regards the eye of Horus symbol, much more still remains to be examined. Thus, I will suspend judgement until the facts of the matter become clear, and expect further researches in future.

  10. ASCA Observation of the polar RX J1802.1+1804

    CERN Document Server

    Ishida, M; Remillard, R A; Motch, C

    1998-01-01

    We present X-ray data of RX J1802.1+1804 obtained by ASCA. Although it shows a clear orbital intensity modulation with an amplitude of nearly 100% below 0.5 keV in ROSAT data, the ASCA light curves are nearly flat except for a possible dip lasting about one-tenth of the orbital period. We discuss this within the model assumption of a stream-eclipsing geometry as derived from the ROSAT observations. The ASCA X-ray spectrum can be represented by a two temperature optically thin thermal plasma emission model with temperatures of ~1keV and >7 keV, suggesting postshock cooling as observed in EX Hya. A remarkable feature of the spectrum is the strong iron K_alpha emission line whose equivalent width is ~4 keV. To account for this, an iron abundance of greater than at least 1.3 times Solar is required. A combined spectral analysis of the ROSAT PSPC and ASCA data indicates that the N_H-corrected flux ratio of the soft blackbody (0.1-2.4 keV) to the hard optically thin thermal plasma emission (2-10 keV) is as large as...

  11. 技嘉GV-RX165P256D-RH显卡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    技嘉GV-RX165P256D-RH基于ATi X1650 Pro核心.核心代号RV530LE.核心频率590MHz。显存部分采用四颗英飞凌编号为HYB18H512321AF-14的显存颗粒.从编号上看.单颗显存为64MB/32bit规格.组成了256MB/128bit的显存系统。显存的额定工作频率是1.4GHz.和显卡设定的默认工作频率一致.所以显存在超频方面不具备太大的超频潜力.不过相对于目前市场上其他的X1650 Pro系列显卡.显存频率能达到1.4GHz.已经占有一定优势了。

  12. System Accuracy Evaluation of the GlucoRx Nexus Voice TD-4280 Blood Glucose Monitoring System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Khan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of blood glucose (BG meters in the self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG significantly lowers the risk of diabetic complications. With several BG meters now commercially available, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO ensures that each BG meter conforms to a set degree of accuracy. Although adherence to ISO guidelines is a prerequisite for commercialization in Europe, several BG meters claim to meet the ISO guidelines yet fail to do so on internal validation. We conducted a study to determine whether the accuracy of the GlucoRx Nexus TD-4280 meter, utilized by our department for its cost-effectiveness, complied with ISO guidelines. 105 patients requiring laboratory blood glucose analysis were randomly selected and reference measurements were determined by the UniCel DxC 800 clinical system. Overall the BG meter failed to adhere to the ≥95% accuracy criterion required by both the 15197:2003 (overall accuracy 92.4% and 15197:2013 protocol (overall accuracy 86.7%. Inaccurate meters have an inherent risk of over- and/or underestimating the true BG concentration, thereby risking patients to incorrect therapeutic interventions. Our study demonstrates the importance of internally validating the accuracy of BG meters to ensure that its accuracy is accepted by standardized guidelines.

  13. Superhumps and spin-period variations in the intermediate polar RX J2133.7+5107

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Miguel, E.; Patterson, J.; Jones, J. L.; Morelle, E.; Boyd, D. R. S.; Stein, W.; Koff, R.; Krajci, T.; Campbell, T.; Roberts, G.; Ulowetz, J.; Barrett, D.; Cejudo, D.; Menzies, K.; Lemay, D.; Rock, J.; Sabo, R.; Myers, G.

    2017-01-01

    We report the results of long-term time-series photometry on RX J2133.7+5107, an intermediate polar distinguished by its long orbital period (7.14 h) and rapid rotation (571 s) of its white dwarf. The light curves show the presence of a conspicuous modulation with a 6.72-h period, 6.1 ± 0.1 per cent shorter than the orbital period, which we interpret as a (negative) superhump associated with the nodal precession of the accretion disc. This detection may prove a challenge to the idea that superhumps are limited to binaries of short orbital period. Our rotational timings over the 7 years spanned by our observations show spin-up at a rate of 3.41(2) ms yr-1 or, equivalently, on a time-scale |P/Ṗ| = 0.17 × 106 yr. The latter is sensibly shorter than the time-scale of spin period variations reported for other intermediate polars, possibly due to a greater accretion rate.

  14. The birthplace and age of the isolated neutron star RX J1856.5-3754

    CERN Document Server

    Mignani, R P; Cropper, M; Turolla, R; Zane, S; Pellizza, L J; Bignone, L A; Sartore, N; Treves, A

    2012-01-01

    X-ray observations unveiled various types of radio-silent Isolated Neutron Stars (INSs), phenomenologically very diverse, e.g. the Myr old X-ray Dim INS (XDINSs) and the kyr old magnetars. Although their phenomenology is much diverse, the similar periods (P=2--10 s) and magnetic fields (~10^{14} G) suggest that XDINSs are evolved magnetars, possibly born from similar populations of supermassive stars. One way to test this hypothesis is to identify their parental star clusters by extrapolating backward the neutron star velocity vector in the Galactic potential. By using the information on the age and space velocity of the XDINS RX J1856.5-3754, we computed backwards its orbit in the Galactic potential and searched for its parental stellar cluster by means of a closest approach criterion. We found a very likely association with the Upper Scorpius OB association, for a neutron star age of 0.42+/-0.08 Myr, a radial velocity V_r^NS =67+/- 13$ km s^{-1}, and a present-time parallactic distance d_\\pi^NS = 123^{+11}_...

  15. Timing study of the isolated neutron star RX J0720.4-3125

    CERN Document Server

    Zane, S; Cropper, M; Zavlin, V E; Lumb, D H; Sembay, S; Motch, C; Zane, Silvia; Haberl, Frank; Cropper, Mark; Zavlin, Vyacheslav E.; Lumb, David; Sembay, Steve; Motch, Christian

    2002-01-01

    We present a combined analysis of XMM-Newton, Chandra and Rosat observations of the isolated neutron star RX J0720.4-3125, spanning a total period of \\sim 7 years. We develop a maximum likelihood periodogramme based on \\Delta C statistic and maximum likelihood method, which are appropriate for sparse event lists. As an "a posteriori" check, we have folded a further BeppoSAX dataset with the period predicted at the time of that observation, finding that the phase is consistent. The value of the spin down rate, here measured for the first time, is \\approx 10^{-14} s/s and can not be explained in terms of propeller or torque from a fossil disk. When interpreted in terms of dipolar losses, it gives a magnetic field of B \\approx 10^{13} G, making also implausible that the source is accreting from the underdense surroundings. We discuss the implications of this measure for the different mechanisms that have been suggested to explain the X-ray emission. We conclude that the observed properties are more compatible wi...

  16. Nonthermal emission properties of the northwestern rim of supernova remnant RX J0852-4622

    CERN Document Server

    Kishishita, Tetsuichi; Uchiyama, Yasunobu

    2013-01-01

    The supernova remnant (SNR) RX J0852-4622 (Vela Jr., G266.6-1.2) is one of the most important SNRs for investigating the acceleration of multi-TeV particles and the origin of Galactic cosmic rays because of its strong synchrotron X-ray and TeV gamma-ray emission, which show a shell-like morphology similar to each other. Using the XMM-Newton archival data consisting of multiple pointing observations of the northwestern rim of the remnant, we investigate the spatial properties of the nonthermal X-ray emission as a function of distance from an outer shock wave. All X-ray spectra are well reproduced by an absorbed power-law model above 2 keV. It is found that the spectra show gradual softening from a photon index 2.56 in the rim region to 2.96 in the interior region. We show that this radial profile can be interpreted as a gradual decrease of the cutoff energy of the electron spectrum due to synchrotron cooling. By using a simple spectral evolution model that includes continuous synchrotron losses, the spectral s...

  17. A new nearby pulsar wind nebula overlapping the RX J0852.0-4622 supernova remnant

    CERN Document Server

    Acero, F; Ballet, J; Renaud, M; Terrier, R

    2012-01-01

    Energetic pulsars can be embedded in a nebula of relativistic leptons which is powered by the dissipation of the rotational energy of the pulsar. The object PSR J0855-4644 is an energetic and fast-spinning pulsar (Edot = 1.1x10^36 erg/s, P=65 ms) discovered near the South-East rim of the supernova remnant (SNR) RX J0852.0-4622 (aka Vela Jr) by the Parkes multibeam survey. The position of the pulsar is in spatial coincidence with an enhancement in X-rays and TeV gamma-rays, which could be due to its putative pulsar wind nebula (PWN). The purpose of this study is to search for diffuse non-thermal X-ray emission around PSR J0855-4644 to test for the presence of a PWN and to estimate the distance to the pulsar. An X-ray observation was carried out with the XMM-Newton satellite to constrain the properties of the pulsar and its nebula. The absorption column density derived in X-rays from the pulsar and from different regions of the rim of the SNR was compared with the absorption derived from the atomic (HI) and mol...

  18. Superhumps and spin-period variations in the intermediate polar RX J2133.7+5107

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Miguel, E.; Patterson, J.; Jones, J. L.; Morelle, E.; Boyd, D. R. S.; Stein, W.; Koff, R.; Krajci, T.; Campbell, T.; Roberts, G.; Ulowetz, J.; Barrett, D.; Cejudo, D.; Menzies, K.; Lemay, D.; Rock, J.; Sabo, R.; Myers, G.

    2017-05-01

    We report the results of long-term time series photometry on RX J2133.7+5107, an intermediate polar distinguished by its long orbital period (7.14 h) and rapid rotation (571 s) of its white dwarf. The light curves show the presence of a conspicuous modulation with a 6.72-h period, 6.1 ± 0.1 per cent shorter than the orbital period, which we interpret as a (negative) superhump associated with the nodal precession of the accretion disc. This detection may prove a challenge to the idea that superhumps are limited to binaries of short orbital period. Our rotational timings over the 7 yr spanned by our observations show spin-up at a rate of 3.41(2) ms yr-1 or, equivalently, on a time-scale | P/\\dot{P}|=0.17 × 106 yr. The latter is sensibly shorter than the time-scale of spin period variations reported for other intermediate polars, possibly due to a greater accretion rate.

  19. Improved confinement region without large magnetohydrodynamic activity in TPE-RX reversed-field pinch plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yambe, Kiyoyuki; Hirano, Yoichi; Sakakita, Hajime; Koguchi, Haruhisa [Energy Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan)

    2014-11-15

    We found that spontaneous improved confinement was brought about depending on the operating region in the Toroidal Pinch Experiment-Reversed eXperiment (TPE-RX) reversed-field pinch plasma [Y. Yagi et al., Fusion Eng. Des. 45, 421 (1999)]. Gradual decay of the toroidal magnetic field at plasma surface B{sub tw} reversal makes it possible to realize a prolonged discharge, and the poloidal beta value and energy confinement time increase in the latter half of the discharge, where reversal and pinch parameters become shallow and low, respectively. In the latter half of the discharge, the plasma current and volume-averaged toroidal magnetic field 〈B{sub t}〉 increase again, the electron density slowly decays, the electron temperature and soft X-ray radiation intensity increase, and the magnetic fluctuations are markedly reduced. In this period of improved confinement, the value of (〈B{sub t}〉-B{sub tw})/B{sub pw}, where B{sub pw} is the poloidal magnetic field at the plasma surface, stays almost constant, which indicates that the dynamo action occurs without large magnetohydrodynamic activities.

  20. Bare Quark Stars or Naked Neutron Stars: The Case of RX J1856.5-3754

    CERN Document Server

    Turolla, R; Drake, J J; Turolla, Roberto; Zane, Silvia; Drake, Jeremy J.

    2004-01-01

    In a cool neutron star (T 10^13 G), a phase transition may occur in the outermost layers. As a consequence the neutron star becomes `bare', i.e. no gaseous atmosphere sits on the top of the crust. The surface of cooling, bare neutron stars not necessary gives off blackbody radiation because of the strong suppression in the emissivity at energies below the electron plasma frequency \\omega_p. Since \\omega_p~1 keV under the conditions typical of the dense electron gas in the condensate, the emission from a T~100 eV bare neutron star will be substantially depressed with respect to that of a perfect Planckian radiator at most energies. Here we present a detailed analysis of the emission properties of a bare neutron star. In particular, we derive the surface emissivity for a Fe composition in a range of magnetic fields and temperatures representative of cooling isolated neutron stars, like RX J1856.5-3754. We find that the emitted spectrum is strongly dependent on the electron conductivity in the solid surface lay...

  1. Expansion measurement of Supernova Remnant RX J1713.7-3946

    CERN Document Server

    Tsuji, Naomi

    2016-01-01

    Supernova remnant (SNR) RX J1713.7-3946 is well known for its bright TeV gamma-ray emission with shell-like morphology. To constrain the hydrodynamical evolution, we have performed six times observations of the northwestern (NW) shell with the Chandra X-ray Observatory from 2005 to 2011, and measured the proper motion by using these data and the first epoch observation taken in 2000. The blast-wave shock speed at the NW shell is measured to be $(3900\\pm 300) (d/{\\rm kpc})\\ {\\rm km}\\ {\\rm s}^{-1}$ with an estimated distance of $d = 1$ kpc, and the proper motions of other structures within the NW shell are significantly less than that. Assuming that the measured blast-wave shock speed is the representative of the remnant's outer shock wave as a whole, we have confronted our measurements as well as a recent detection of thermal X-ray lines, with the analytic solution of the hydrodynamical properties of SNRs. Our hydrodynamical analysis indicates that the age of the remnant is 1580-2100 years, supporting the asso...

  2. A silicon strip detector coupled to the RX64 ASIC for X-ray diagnostic imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldazzi, G.; Bollini, D.; Cabal Rodriguez, A.E.; Dabrowski, W.; Diaz Garcia, A.; Gambaccini, M.; Giubellino, P.; Gombia, M.; Grybos, P.; Idzik, M.; Marzari-Chiesa, A.; Montano, L.M.; Prino, F. E-mail: prino@to.infn.it; Ramello, L.; Sitta, M.; Swientek, K.; Taibi, A.; Tuffanelli, A.; Wheadon, R.; Wiacek, P

    2003-11-21

    First results from a silicon microstrip detector with 100 {mu}m pitch coupled to the RX64 ASIC are presented. The system is capable of single photon counting in digital X-ray imaging, with possible applications to dual energy mammography and angiography. The main features of the detecting system are low noise, good spatial resolution and high counting rate capability. The energy resolution and the conversion efficiency of the system are discussed, based on results obtained with fluorescence X-ray sources and quasi-monochromatic X-ray beams in the 8-36 keV energy range, with strips being either orthogonal or parallel to the incoming X-rays. We present also preliminary imaging results obtained with a plexiglass phantom with tiny cylindrical cavities filled with iodate solution, simulating patient vessels; in this case the X-ray beam has two components, respectively below and above the iodine K-edge at 33.17 keV.

  3. Modeling the shell type TeV supernove remnant RX J1713-3946

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fryer, Christopher Lee [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fan, Zhonghui [YUNNAN UNIV.; Liu, Siming [UNIV. OF GLASGOW

    2009-01-01

    We simulate the shock waves of shell type supernova remnants with a prototype progenitor of 15 M{sub {circle_dot}} and fit the size and lifetime of SNR RX J1713-3946 with a density of {approx} 1O{sup -26}g cm{sup -3} for the shocked downstream plasma. Such a density is required for efficient stochastic electron acceleration and leads to a thermal X-ray flux more than one order of magnitude lower than the observed featureless X-ray flux. Fast mode waves must be excited to have efficient stochastic electron acceleration. We find that (1) the acceleration efficiency needs to be at least 10 times higher than that through the cyclotron resonances, implying much more efficient acceleration through the transit-time damping process, and (2) the distribution of the accelerated electrons is very sensitive to the ratio of the speed in the downstream to the shock suggesting a dynamo process that can regulate the magnetic field in such a way that the electron distribution doesn't change dramatically throughout the evolution history of the shock waves.

  4. Gamma Rays and Neutrinos from SNR RX J1713.7-3946

    CERN Document Server

    Morlino, G; Amato, E

    2009-01-01

    The supernova paradigm for the origin of galactic cosmic rays can be tested using multifrequency observations of both non-thermal and thermal emission from supernova remnants. The smoking gun of hadronic acceleration in these sources can, however, only be provided by the detection of a high energy neutrino signal. Here we apply the theory of non-linear particle acceleration at supernova shocks to the case of the supernova remnant RX J1713.7-3946, which is becoming the stereotypical example of a possible hadronic accelerator after the detection of high energy gamma rays by the HESS telescope. Our aim is twofold: on one hand we want to address the uncertainties in the discrimination between a hadronic and a leptonic interpretation of the gamma ray emission, mainly related to the possibility of a statistical uncertainty in the energy determination of the gamma ray photons in the TeV region. On the other we want to stress how a km cube neutrino telescope would break the degeneracy and provide evidence for efficie...

  5. Concentration of measure and spectra of random matrices: Applications to correlation matrices, elliptical distributions and beyond

    CERN Document Server

    Karoui, Noureddine El

    2009-01-01

    We place ourselves in the setting of high-dimensional statistical inference, where the number of variables $p$ in a data set of interest is of the same order of magnitude as the number of observations $n$. More formally, we study the asymptotic properties of correlation and covariance matrices, in the setting where $p/n\\to\\rho\\in(0,\\infty),$ for general population covariance. We show that, for a large class of models studied in random matrix theory, spectral properties of large-dimensional correlation matrices are similar to those of large-dimensional covarance matrices. We also derive a Mar\\u{c}enko--Pastur-type system of equations for the limiting spectral distribution of covariance matrices computed from data with elliptical distributions and generalizations of this family. The motivation for this study comes partly from the possible relevance of such distributional assumptions to problems in econometrics and portfolio optimization, as well as robustness questions for certain classical random matrix result...

  6. The primitive matrices of sandwich semigroups of generalized circulant Boolean matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jian-ping; CHEN Jin-song

    2013-01-01

    Let Gn(C) be the sandwich semigroup of generalized circulant Boolean matrices with the sandwich matrix C and GC (Jn) the set of all primitive matrices in Gn(C). In this paper, some necessary and suffi cient conditions for A in the semigroup Gn(C) to be primitive are given. We also show that GC (Jn) is a subsemigroup of Gn(C).

  7. Detailed assessment of homology detection using different substitution matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jing; WANG Wei

    2006-01-01

    Homology detection plays a key role in bioinformatics, whereas substitution matrix is one of the most important components in homology detection. Thus, besides the improvement of alignment algorithms, another effective way to enhance the accuracy of homology detection is to use proper substitution matrices or even construct new matrices.A study on the features of various matrices and on the comparison of the performances between different matrices in homology detection enable us to choose the most proper or optimal matrix for some specific applications. In this paper, by taking BLOSUM matrices as an example, some detailed features of matrices in homology detection are studied by calculating the distributions of numbers of recognized proteins over different sequence identities and sequence lengths. Our results clearly showed that different matrices have different preferences and abilities to the recognition of remote homologous proteins. Furthermore, detailed features of the various matrices can be used to improve the accuracy of homology detection.

  8. Electrospun human keratin matrices as templates for tissue regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sow, Wan Ting; Lui, Yuan Siang; Ng, Kee Woei

    2013-04-01

    The aim of this work was to study the feasibility of fabricating human hair keratin matrices through electrospinning and to evaluate the potential of these matrices for tissue regeneration. Keratin was extracted from human hair using Na2S and blended with poly(ethylene oxide) in the weight ratio of 60:1 for electrospinning. Physical morphology and chemical properties of the matrices were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, respectively. Cell viability and morphology of murine and human fibroblasts cultured on the matrices were evaluated through the Live/Dead(®) assay and scanning electron microscopy. Electrospun keratin matrices were successfully produced without affecting the chemical conformation of keratin. Fibroblasts cultured on keratin matrices showed healthy morphology and penetration into matrices at day 7. Electrospun human hair keratin matrices provide a bioinductive and structural environment for cell growth and are thus attractive as alternative templates for tissue regeneration.

  9. Higher-Order Singular Systems and Polynomial Matrices

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    There is a one-to-one correspondence between the set of quadruples of matrices defining singular linear time-invariant dynamical systems and a subset of the set of polynomial matrices. This correspondence preserves the equivalence relations introduced in both sets (feedback-similarity and strict equivalence): two quadruples of matrices are feedback-equivalent if, and only if, the polynomial matrices associated to them are also strictly equivalent. Los sistemas lineales singulares...

  10. Macro-modélisation de durée de vie de CMC à matrice autocicatrisante : capacité de prédiction actuelle et aide à la définition de nouveaux essais = lifetime macro-modelling of a self-healing ceramic matrix composite : current predictive capability and exploitation for new tests definition

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    National audience; Ce papier présente une modélisation du comportement mécanique et de la dégradation des composites SiC/SiC à matrice autocicatrisante afin de prédire la durée de vie de ces matériaux. Le modèle est basé sur des descriptions fines des mécanismes mécaniques, physiques et chimiques des dégradations et de leurs couplages. Il permet de représenter assez bien les durées de vie obtenues expérimentalement. Le modèle proposé permet aussi de comprendre les couplages et de quantifier l...

  11. The absence of P2X7 receptors (P2rx7) on non-haematopoietic cells leads to selective alteration in mood-related behaviour with dysregulated gene expression and stress reactivity in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csölle, Cecilia; Andó, Rómeó D; Kittel, Ágnes; Gölöncsér, Flóra; Baranyi, Mária; Soproni, Krisztina; Zelena, Dóra; Haller, József; Németh, Tamás; Mócsai, Attila; Sperlágh, Beáta

    2013-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore how genetic deletion and pharmacological antagonism of the P2X7 receptor (P2rx7) alter mood-related behaviour, gene expression and stress reactivity in the brain. The forced swim test (FST), tail suspension test (TST) and amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion (AH) tests were used in wild-type (P2rx7(+/+)) and P2rx7-deficient (P2rx7(-/-)) mice. Biogenic amine levels were analysed in the amygdala and striatum, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone levels were measured in the plasma and pituitary after restraint stress. Chimeric mice were generated by bone marrow transplantation. A whole genome microarray analysis with real-time polymerase chain reaction validation was performed on the amygdala. In the absence of P2rx7s decreased behavioural despair in the FST, reduced immobility in the TST and attenuated amphetamine-induced hyperactivity were detected. Basal norepinephrine levels were elevated in the amygdala, whereas stress-induced ACTH and corticosterone responses were alleviated in P2rx7(-/-) mice. Sub-acute treatment with the selective P2rx7 antagonist, Brilliant Blue G, reproduced the effect of genetic deletion in the TST and AH test in P2rx7(+/+) but not P2rx7(-/-) mice. No change in behavioural phenotype was observed in chimeras lacking the P2rx7 in their haematopoietic compartment. Whole genome microarray analysis indicated a widespread up- and down-regulation of genes crucial for synaptic function and neuroplasticity by genetic deletion. Here, we present evidence that the absence of P2rx7s on non-haematopoietic cells leads to a mood-stabilizing phenotype in several behavioural models and suggest a therapeutic potential of P2rx7 antagonists for the treatment of mood disorders.

  12. Bringing Definitions into High Definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, John

    2010-01-01

    Why do definitions play such a central role in mathematics? It may seem obvious that precision about the terms one uses is necessary in order to use those terms reasonably (while reasoning). Definitions are chosen so as to be definite about the terms one uses, but also to make both the statement of, and the reasoning to justify, theorems as…

  13. Decision Matrices: Tools to Enhance Middle School Engineering Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonczi, Amanda L.; Bergman, Brenda G.; Huntoon, Jackie; Allen, Robin; McIntyre, Barb; Turner, Sheri; Davis, Jen; Handler, Rob

    2017-01-01

    Decision matrices are valuable engineering tools. They allow engineers to objectively examine solution options. Decision matrices can be incorporated in K-12 classrooms to support authentic engineering instruction. In this article we provide examples of how decision matrices have been incorporated into 6th and 7th grade classrooms as part of an…

  14. 19 CFR 10.90 - Master records and metal matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Master records and metal matrices. 10.90 Section... Master Records, and Metal Matrices § 10.90 Master records and metal matrices. (a) Consumption entries... made, of each master record or metal matrix covered thereby. (c) A bond on Customs Form 301,...

  15. Decision Matrices: Tools to Enhance Middle School Engineering Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonczi, Amanda L.; Bergman, Brenda G.; Huntoon, Jackie; Allen, Robin; McIntyre, Barb; Turner, Sheri; Davis, Jen; Handler, Rob

    2017-01-01

    Decision matrices are valuable engineering tools. They allow engineers to objectively examine solution options. Decision matrices can be incorporated in K-12 classrooms to support authentic engineering instruction. In this article we provide examples of how decision matrices have been incorporated into 6th and 7th grade classrooms as part of an…

  16. On Skew Circulant Type Matrices Involving Any Continuous Fibonacci Numbers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaolin Jiang

    2014-01-01

    inverse matrices of them by constructing the transformation matrices. Furthermore, the maximum column sum matrix norm, the spectral norm, the Euclidean (or Frobenius norm, and the maximum row sum matrix norm and bounds for the spread of these matrices are given, respectively.

  17. Identification of human platelet alpha 2-adrenoceptors with a new antagonist [3H]-RX821002, a 2-methoxy derivative of idazoxan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galitzky, J.; Senard, J. M.; Lafontan, M.; Stillings, M.; Montastruc, J. L.; Berlan, M.

    1990-01-01

    1. The binding of a new alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist, [3H]-RX821002 (2-(2-methoxy-1,4-benzodioxan-2-yl)-2-imidazoline), was investigated in human platelet membranes and compared with [3H]-yohimbine binding parameters. 2. Analysis of kinetic data revealed association and dissociation time courses consistent with a simple biomolecular reaction. Saturation isotherms showed that [3H]-RX821002 labelled a higher total number of alpha 2-binding sites (224 +/- 31 vs 168 +/- 24 fmol mg-1 protein) than [3H]-yohimbine and with higher affinity (Kd: 0.92 +/- 0.06 vs 1.51 +/- 0.08 nM). Moreover [3H]-RX821002 exhibited a lower percentage of nonspecific binding 3. The difference in total binding is due to a better labelling of the alpha 2-adrenoceptors in the low affinity state by [3H]-RX821002 since the labelled receptors number in high affinity state was identical with the two radioligands. 4. [3H]-RX821002 binding displayed a specificity similar to that obtained with [3H]-yohimbine. The potency of various compounds acting on adrenoceptors was: yohimbine greater than oxymetazoline greater than UK14304 greater than (-)-adrenaline greater than prazosin greater than or equal to (+)-adrenaline greater than isoprenaline. This order of potency is classical for an alpha 2A-adrenoceptor. 5. RX821002 is a more potent alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist than yohimbine on adrenaline-induced platelet aggregation. 6. These results indicate that [3H]-RX821002 is a suitable ligand for the identification of human platelet alpha 2-adrenoceptors. PMID:1976403

  18. Tx/Rx Head Coil Induces Less RF Transmit-Related Heating than Body Coil in Conductive Metallic Objects Outside the Active Area of the Head Coil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagy, Zoltan; Oliver-Taylor, Aaron; Kuehne, Andre; Goluch, Sigrun; Weiskopf, Nikolaus

    2017-01-01

    The transmit-receive (Tx/Rx) birdcage head coil is often used for excitation instead of the body coil because of the presumably lower risk of heating in and around conductive implants. However, this common practice has not been systematically tested. To investigate whether the Tx/Rx birdcage head coil produces less heating than the body coil when scanning individuals with implants, we used a 3T clinical scanner and made temperature measurements around a straight 15 cm conductor using either the Tx/Rx body or the head coil for excitation. Additionally, the transmitted fields of a Tx/Rx head coil were measured both in air and in gel using a resonant and a non-resonant B field probes as well as a non-resonant E field probe. Simulations using a finite-difference time domain solver were compared with the experimental findings. When the body coil was used for excitation, we observed heating around the 15 cm wire at various anatomical locations (both within and outside of the active volume of the head coil). Outside its active area, no such heating was observed while using the Tx/Rx head coil for excitation. The E and B fields of the Tx/Rx birdcage head coil extended well-beyond the physical dimensions of the coil. In air, the fields were monotonically decreasing, while in gel they were more complex with local maxima at the end of the ASTM phantom. These experimental findings were line with the simulations. While caution must always be exercised when scanning individuals with metallic implants, these findings support the use of the Tx/Rx birdcage head coil in place of the body coil at 3T in order to reduce the risk of heating in and around conductive implants that are remote from the head coil.

  19. Tx/Rx Head Coil Induces Less RF Transmit-Related Heating than Body Coil in Conductive Metallic Objects Outside the Active Area of the Head Coil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagy, Zoltan; Oliver-Taylor, Aaron; Kuehne, Andre; Goluch, Sigrun; Weiskopf, Nikolaus

    2017-01-01

    The transmit–receive (Tx/Rx) birdcage head coil is often used for excitation instead of the body coil because of the presumably lower risk of heating in and around conductive implants. However, this common practice has not been systematically tested. To investigate whether the Tx/Rx birdcage head coil produces less heating than the body coil when scanning individuals with implants, we used a 3T clinical scanner and made temperature measurements around a straight 15 cm conductor using either the Tx/Rx body or the head coil for excitation. Additionally, the transmitted fields of a Tx/Rx head coil were measured both in air and in gel using a resonant and a non-resonant B field probes as well as a non-resonant E field probe. Simulations using a finite-difference time domain solver were compared with the experimental findings. When the body coil was used for excitation, we observed heating around the 15 cm wire at various anatomical locations (both within and outside of the active volume of the head coil). Outside its active area, no such heating was observed while using the Tx/Rx head coil for excitation. The E and B fields of the Tx/Rx birdcage head coil extended well-beyond the physical dimensions of the coil. In air, the fields were monotonically decreasing, while in gel they were more complex with local maxima at the end of the ASTM phantom. These experimental findings were line with the simulations. While caution must always be exercised when scanning individuals with metallic implants, these findings support the use of the Tx/Rx birdcage head coil in place of the body coil at 3T in order to reduce the risk of heating in and around conductive implants that are remote from the head coil.

  20. Inferring Passenger Type from Commuter Eigentravel Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Legara, Erika Fille

    2015-01-01

    A sufficient knowledge of the demographics of a commuting public is essential in formulating and implementing more targeted transportation policies, as commuters exhibit different ways of traveling. With the advent of the Automated Fare Collection system (AFC), probing the travel patterns of commuters has become less invasive and more accessible. Consequently, numerous transport studies related to human mobility have shown that these observed patterns allow one to pair individuals with locations and/or activities at certain times of the day. However, classifying commuters using their travel signatures is yet to be thoroughly examined. Here, we contribute to the literature by demonstrating a procedure to characterize passenger types (Adult, Child/Student, and Senior Citizen) based on their three-month travel patterns taken from a smart fare card system. We first establish a method to construct distinct commuter matrices, which we refer to as eigentravel matrices, that capture the characteristic travel routines...

  1. Astronomical Receiver Modelling Using Scattering Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    King, O G; Copley, C; Davis, R J; Leahy, J P; Leech, J; Muchovej, S J C; Pearson, T J; Taylor, Angela C

    2014-01-01

    Proper modelling of astronomical receivers is vital: it describes the systematic errors in the raw data, guides the receiver design process, and assists data calibration. In this paper we describe a method of analytically modelling the full signal and noise behaviour of arbitrarily complex radio receivers. We use electrical scattering matrices to describe the signal behaviour of individual components in the receiver, and noise correlation matrices to describe their noise behaviour. These are combined to produce the full receiver model. We apply this approach to a specified receiver architecture: a hybrid of a continous comparison radiometer and correlation polarimeter designed for the C-Band All-Sky Survey. We produce analytic descriptions of the receiver Mueller matrix and noise temperature, and discuss how imperfections in crucial components affect the raw data. Many of the conclusions drawn are generally applicable to correlation polarimeters and continuous comparison radiometers.

  2. Approximate inverse preconditioners for general sparse matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chow, E.; Saad, Y. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    1994-12-31

    Preconditioned Krylov subspace methods are often very efficient in solving sparse linear matrices that arise from the discretization of elliptic partial differential equations. However, for general sparse indifinite matrices, the usual ILU preconditioners fail, often because of the fact that the resulting factors L and U give rise to unstable forward and backward sweeps. In such cases, alternative preconditioners based on approximate inverses may be attractive. We are currently developing a number of such preconditioners based on iterating on each column to get the approximate inverse. For this approach to be efficient, the iteration must be done in sparse mode, i.e., we must use sparse-matrix by sparse-vector type operatoins. We will discuss a few options and compare their performance on standard problems from the Harwell-Boeing collection.

  3. Asymptotic properties of random matrices and pseudomatrices

    CERN Document Server

    Lenczewski, Romuald

    2010-01-01

    We study the asymptotics of sums of matricially free random variables called random pseudomatrices, and we compare it with that of random matrices with block-identical variances. For objects of both types we find the limit joint distributions of blocks and give their Hilbert space realizations, using operators called `matricially free Gaussian operators'. In particular, if the variance matrices are symmetric, the asymptotics of symmetric blocks of random pseudomatrices agrees with that of symmetric random blocks. We also show that blocks of random pseudomatrices are `asymptotically matricially free' whereas the corresponding symmetric random blocks are `asymptotically symmetrically matricially free', where symmetric matricial freeness is obtained from matricial freeness by an operation of symmetrization. Finally, we show that row blocks of square, lower-block-triangular and block-diagonal pseudomatrices are asymptotically free, monotone independent and boolean independent, respectively.

  4. Non-Hermitean Wishart random matrices (I)

    CERN Document Server

    Kanzieper, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    A non-Hermitean extension of paradigmatic Wishart random matrices is introduced to set up a theoretical framework for statistical analysis of (real, complex and real quaternion) stochastic time series representing two "remote" complex systems. The first paper in a series provides a detailed spectral theory of non-Hermitean Wishart random matrices composed of complex valued entries. The great emphasis is placed on an asymptotic analysis of the mean eigenvalue density for which we derive, among other results, a complex-plane analogue of the Marchenko-Pastur law. A surprising connection with a class of matrix models previously invented in the context of quantum chromodynamics is pointed out. This provides one more evidence of the ubiquity of Random Matrix Theory.

  5. Determinants of adjacency matrices of graphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Abdollahi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We study the set of all determinants of adjacency matrices of graphs with a given number of vertices. Using Brendan McKay's data base of small graphs, determinants of graphs with at most $9$ vertices are computed so that the number of non-isomorphic graphs with given vertices whose determinants are all equal to a number is exhibited in a table. Using an idea of M. Newman, it is proved that if $G$ is a graph with $n$ vertices and ${d_1,dots,d_n}$ is the set of vertex degrees of $G$, then $gcd(2m,d^2$ divides the determinant of the adjacency matrix of $G$, where $d=gcd(d_1,dots,d_n$. Possible determinants of adjacency matrices of graphs with exactly two cycles are obtained.

  6. MULTIFRACTAL STRUCTURE AND PRODUCT OF MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lau Ka-sing

    2003-01-01

    There is a well established multifractal theory for self-similar measures generated by non-overlapping contractive similutudes.Our report here concerns those with overlaps.In particular we restrict our attention to the important classes of self-similar measures that have matrix representations.The dimension spectra and the Lq-spectra are analyzed through the product of matrices.There are abnormal behaviors on the multifrac-tal structure and they will be discussed in detail.

  7. Ferrers Matrices Characterized by the Rook Polynomials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAHai-cheng; HUSheng-biao

    2003-01-01

    In this paper,we show that there exist precisely W(A) Ferrers matrices F(C1,C2,…,cm)such that the rook polynomials is equal to the rook polynomial of Ferrers matrix F(b1,b2,…,bm), where A={b1,b2-1,…,bm-m+1} is a repeated set,W(A) is weight of A.

  8. Hierarchical matrix approximation of large covariance matrices

    KAUST Repository

    Litvinenko, Alexander

    2015-01-07

    We approximate large non-structured covariance matrices in the H-matrix format with a log-linear computational cost and storage O(n log n). We compute inverse, Cholesky decomposition and determinant in H-format. As an example we consider the class of Matern covariance functions, which are very popular in spatial statistics, geostatistics, machine learning and image analysis. Applications are: kriging and optimal design

  9. Hierarchical matrix approximation of large covariance matrices

    KAUST Repository

    Litvinenko, Alexander

    2015-01-05

    We approximate large non-structured covariance matrices in the H-matrix format with a log-linear computational cost and storage O(nlogn). We compute inverse, Cholesky decomposition and determinant in H-format. As an example we consider the class of Matern covariance functions, which are very popular in spatial statistics, geostatistics, machine learning and image analysis. Applications are: kriging and op- timal design.

  10. Connection matrices for ultradiscrete linear problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ormerod, Chris [School of Mathematics and Statistics F07, The University of Sydney, Sydney (Australia)

    2007-10-19

    We present theory outlining associated linear problems for ultradiscrete equations. The appropriate domain for these problems is the max-plus semiring. Our main result is that despite the restrictive nature of the max-plus semiring, it is still possible to define a theory of connection matrices analogous to that of Birkhoff and his school for systems of linear difference equations. We use such theory to provide evidence for the integrability of an ultradiscrete difference equation.

  11. Functional CLT for sample covariance matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Bai, Zhidong; Zhou, Wang; 10.3150/10-BEJ250

    2010-01-01

    Using Bernstein polynomial approximations, we prove the central limit theorem for linear spectral statistics of sample covariance matrices, indexed by a set of functions with continuous fourth order derivatives on an open interval including $[(1-\\sqrt{y})^2,(1+\\sqrt{y})^2]$, the support of the Mar\\u{c}enko--Pastur law. We also derive the explicit expressions for asymptotic mean and covariance functions.

  12. Index matrices towards an augmented matrix calculus

    CERN Document Server

    Atanassov, Krassimir T

    2014-01-01

    This book presents the very concept of an index matrix and its related augmented matrix calculus in a comprehensive form. It mostly illustrates the exposition with examples related to the generalized nets and intuitionistic fuzzy sets which are examples of an extremely wide array of possible application areas. The present book contains the basic results of the author over index matrices and some of its open problems with the aim to stimulating more researchers to start working in this area.

  13. On the exponentials of some structured matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramakrishna, Viswanath; Costa, F [Department of Mathematical Sciences and Center for Signals, Systems and Communications, University of Texas at Dallas, PO Box 830688, Richardson, TX 75083 (United States)

    2004-12-03

    This paper provides explicit techniques to compute the exponentials of a variety of structured 4 x 4 matrices. The procedures are fully algorithmic and can be used to find the desired exponentials in closed form. With one exception, they require no spectral information about the matrix being exponentiated. They rely on a mixture of Lie theory and one particular Clifford algebra isomorphism. These can be extended, in some cases, to higher dimensions when combined with techniques such as Givens rotations.

  14. R-Matrices, Yetter-Drinfel0d Modules and Yang-Baxter Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Lebed

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In the first part we recall two famous sources of solutions to the Yang-Baxter equation—R-matrices and Yetter-Drinfel0d (=YD modules—and an interpretation of the former as a particular case of the latter. We show that this result holds true in the more general case of weak R-matrices, introduced here. In the second part we continue exploring the “braided” aspects of YD module structure, exhibiting a braided system encoding all the axioms from the definition of YD modules. The functoriality and several generalizations of this construction are studied using the original machinery of YD systems. As consequences, we get a conceptual interpretation of the tensor product structures for YD modules, and a generalization of the deformation cohomology of YD modules. This homology theory is thus included into the unifying framework of braided homologies, which contains among others Hochschild, Chevalley-Eilenberg, Gerstenhaber-Schack and quandle homologies.

  15. Definitely Life but not Definitively

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliver, Joan D.; Perry, Randall S.

    2006-12-01

    Although there have been attempts at a definition of life from many disciplines, none is accepted by all as definitive. Some people believe that it is impossible to define ‘life’ adequately at the moment. We agree with this point of view on linguistic grounds, examining the different types of definition, the contexts in which they are used and their relative usefulness as aids to arriving at a scientific definition of life. We look at some of the more recent definitions and analyse them in the light of our criteria for a good definition. We argue that since there are so many linguistic and philosophical difficulties with such a definition of life, what is needed is a series of working descriptions, which are suited to the audience and context in which they are used and useful for the intended purpose. We provide some ideas and examples of the forms these may take.

  16. The spectrum of kernel random matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Karoui, Noureddine El

    2010-01-01

    We place ourselves in the setting of high-dimensional statistical inference where the number of variables $p$ in a dataset of interest is of the same order of magnitude as the number of observations $n$. We consider the spectrum of certain kernel random matrices, in particular $n\\times n$ matrices whose $(i,j)$th entry is $f(X_i'X_j/p)$ or $f(\\Vert X_i-X_j\\Vert^2/p)$ where $p$ is the dimension of the data, and $X_i$ are independent data vectors. Here $f$ is assumed to be a locally smooth function. The study is motivated by questions arising in statistics and computer science where these matrices are used to perform, among other things, nonlinear versions of principal component analysis. Surprisingly, we show that in high-dimensions, and for the models we analyze, the problem becomes essentially linear--which is at odds with heuristics sometimes used to justify the usage of these methods. The analysis also highlights certain peculiarities of models widely studied in random matrix theory and raises some questio...

  17. Quark flavor mixings from hierarchical mass matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verma, Rohit [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing (China); Rayat Institute of Engineering and Information Technology, Ropar (India); Zhou, Shun [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing (China); Peking University, Center for High Energy Physics, Beijing (China)

    2016-05-15

    In this paper, we extend the Fritzsch ansatz of quark mass matrices while retaining their hierarchical structures and show that the main features of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix V, including vertical stroke V{sub us} vertical stroke ≅ vertical stroke V{sub cd} vertical stroke, vertical stroke V{sub cb} vertical stroke ≅ vertical stroke V{sub ts} vertical stroke and vertical stroke V{sub ub} vertical stroke / vertical stroke V{sub cb} vertical stroke < vertical stroke V{sub td} vertical stroke / vertical stroke V{sub ts} vertical stroke can be well understood. This agreement is observed especially when the mass matrices have non-vanishing (1, 3) and (3, 1) off-diagonal elements. The phenomenological consequences of these for the allowed texture content and gross structural features of 'hierarchical' quark mass matrices are addressed from a model-independent prospective under the assumption of factorizable phases in these. The approximate and analytical expressions of the CKM matrix elements are derived and a detailed analysis reveals that such structures are in good agreement with the observed quark flavor mixing angles and the CP-violating phase at the 1σ level and call upon a further investigation of the realization of these structures from a top-down prospective. (orig.)

  18. Scattering Matrices and Conductances of Leaky Tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pnueli, A.

    1994-04-01

    Leaky tori are two-dimensional surfaces that extend to infinity but which have finite area. It is a tempting idea to regard them as models of mesoscopic systems connected to very long leads. Because of this analogy-scattering matrices on leaky tori are potentially interesting, and indeed-the scattering matrix on one such object-"the" leaky torus-was studied by M. Gutzwiller, who showed that it has chaotic behavior. M. Antoine, A. Comtet and S. Ouvry generalized Gutzwiller‧s result by calculating the scattering matrix in the presence of a constant magnetic field B perpendicular to the surface. Motivated by these results-we generalize them further. We define scattering matrices for spinless electrons on a general leaky torus in the presence of a constant magnetic field "perpendicular" to the surface. From the properties of these matrices we show the following: (a) For integer values of B, Tij (the transition probability from cusp i to cusp j), and hence also the Büttiker conductances of the surfaces, are B-independent (this cannot be interpreted as a kind of Aharonov-Bohm effect since a magnetic force is acting on the electrons). (b) The Wigner time-delay is a monotonically increasing function of B.

  19. Evaluation of a photon counting Medipix3RX CZT spectral x-ray detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Steven M.; Vercnocke, Andrew J.; Rundle, David S.; Butler, Philip H.; McCollough, Cynthia H.; Ritman, Erik L.

    2016-10-01

    We assessed the performance of a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-based Medipix3RX x-ray detector as a candidate for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging. This technology was developed at CERN for the Large Hadron Collider. It features an array of 128 by 128, 110 micrometer square pixels, each with eight simultaneous threshold counters, five of which utilize real-time charge summing, significantly reducing the charge sharing between contiguous pixels. Pixel response curves were created by imaging a range of x-ray intensities by varying x-ray tube current and by varying the exposure time with fixed x-ray current. Photon energy-related assessments were made by flooding the detector with the tin foil filtered emission of an I-125 radioisotope brachytherapy seed and sweeping the energy threshold of each of the four charge-summed counters of each pixel in 1 keV steps. Long term stability assessments were made by repeating exposures over the course of one hour. The high properly-functioning pixel yield (99%), long term stability (linear regression of whole-chip response over one hour of acquisitions: y = -0.0038x + 2284; standard deviation: 3.7 counts) and energy resolution (2.5 keV FWHM (single pixel), 3.7 keV FWHM across the full image) make this device suitable for spectral micro-CT. The charge summing performance effectively reduced the measurement corruption caused by charge sharing which, when unaccounted for, shifts the photon energy assignment to lower energies, degrading both count and energy accuracy. Effective charge summing greatly improves the potential for calibrated, energy-specific material decomposition and K edge difference imaging approaches.

  20. Nonthermal emission properties of the northwestern rim of supernova remnant RX J0852.0-4622

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kishishita, T.; Hiraga, J.; Uchiyama, Y.

    2013-03-01

    The supernova remnant (SNR) RX J0852.0-4622 (Vela Jr., G266.6-1.2) is one of the most important SNRs for investigating the acceleration of multi-TeV particles and the origin of Galactic cosmic rays because of its strong synchrotron X-ray and TeV γ-ray emission, which show a shell-like morphology similar to each other. Using the XMM-Newton archival data consisting of multiple pointing observations of the northwestern rim of the remnant, we investigate the spatial properties of the nonthermal X-ray emission as a function of distance from an outer shock wave. All X-ray spectra are well reproduced by an absorbed power-law model above 2 keV. It is found that the spectra show gradual softening from a photon index Γ = 2.56 in the rim region to Γ = 2.96 in the interior region. We show that this radial profile can be interpreted as a gradual decrease of the cutoff energy of the electron spectrum due to synchrotron cooling. By using a simple spectral evolution model that includes continuous synchrotron losses, the spectral softening can be reproduced with the magnetic field strength in the post-shock flow to less than several tens of μG. If this is a typical magnetic field in the SNR shell, γ-ray emission would be accounted for by inverse Compton scattering of high-energy electrons that also produce the synchrotron X-ray emission. Future hard X-ray imaging observations with Nustar and ASTRO-H and TeV γ-ray observations with the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will allow us to explore other possible explanations of the systematic softening of the X-ray spectra.

  1. Evaluation of a photon counting Medipix3RX CZT spectral x-ray detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Steven M.; Vercnocke, Andrew J.; Rundle, David S.; Butler, Philip H.; McCollough, Cynthia H.; Ritman, Erik L.

    2016-01-01

    We assessed the performance of a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-based Medipix3RX x-ray detector as a candidate for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging. This technology was developed at CERN for the Large Hadron Collider. It features an array of 128 by 128, 110 micrometer square pixels, each with eight simultaneous threshold counters, five of which utilize real-time charge summing, significantly reducing the charge sharing between contiguous pixels. Pixel response curves were created by imaging a range of x-ray intensities by varying x-ray tube current and by varying the exposure time with fixed x-ray current. Photon energy-related assessments were made by flooding the detector with the tin foil filtered emission of an I-125 radioisotope brachytherapy seed and sweeping the energy threshold of each of the four charge-summed counters of each pixel in 1 keV steps. Long term stability assessments were made by repeating exposures over the course of one hour. The high properly-functioning pixel yield (99%), long term stability (linear regression of whole-chip response over one hour of acquisitions: y = −0.0038x + 2284; standard deviation: 3.7 counts) and energy resolution (2.5 keV FWHM (single pixel), 3.7 keV FWHM across the full image) make this device suitable for spectral micro-CT. The charge summing performance effectively reduced the measurement corruption caused by charge sharing which, when unaccounted for, shifts the photon energy assignment to lower energies, degrading both count and energy accuracy. Effective charge summing greatly improves the potential for calibrated, energy-specific material decomposition and K edge difference imaging approaches.

  2. On the Construction of Jointly Superregular Lower Triangular Toeplitz Matrices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jonas; Østergaard, Jan; Kudahl, Johnny

    2016-01-01

    superregular and product preserving jointly superregular matrices, and extend our explicit constructions of superregular matrices to these cases. Jointly superregular matrices are necessary to achieve optimal decoding capabilities for the case of codes with a rate lower than 1/2, and the product preserving......Superregular matrices have the property that all of their submatrices, which can be full rank are so. Lower triangular superregular matrices are useful for e.g., maximum distance separable convolutional codes as well as for (sequential) network codes. In this work, we provide an explicit design...

  3. The modern origin of matrices and their applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, L.

    2014-05-01

    This paper deals with the modern development of matrices, linear transformations, quadratic forms and their applications to geometry and mechanics, eigenvalues, eigenvectors and characteristic equations with applications. Included are the representations of real and complex numbers, and quaternions by matrices, and isomorphism in order to show that matrices form a ring in abstract algebra. Some special matrices, including Hilbert's matrix, Toeplitz's matrix, Pauli's and Dirac's matrices in quantum mechanics, and Einstein's Pythagorean formula are discussed to illustrate diverse applications of matrix algebra. Included also is a modern piece of information that puts mathematics, science and mathematics education professionals at the forefront of advanced study and research on linear algebra and its applications.

  4. COMPUTING A NEAREST P-SYMMETRIC NONNEGATIVE DEFINITE MATRIX UNDER LINEAR RESTRICTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua Dai

    2004-01-01

    Let P be an n × n symmetric orthogonal matrix. A real n × n matrix A is called P-symmetric nonnegative definite if A is symmetric nonnegative definite and (PA)T =PA. This paper is concerned with a kind of inverse problem for P-symmetric nonncgative definite matrices: Given a real n × n matrix A, real n × m matrices X and B, find an n × n P-symmetric nonnegative definite matrix A minimizing ‖A- A‖F subject to AX = B.Necessary and sufficient conditions are presented for the solvability of the problem. The expression of the solution to the problem is given. These results are applied to solve an inverse eigenvalue problem for P-symmetric nonnegative definite matrices.

  5. Deterministic sensing matrices in compressive sensing: a survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Thu L N; Shin, Yoan

    2013-01-01

    Compressive sensing is a sampling method which provides a new approach to efficient signal compression and recovery by exploiting the fact that a sparse signal can be suitably reconstructed from very few measurements. One of the most concerns in compressive sensing is the construction of the sensing matrices. While random sensing matrices have been widely studied, only a few deterministic sensing matrices have been considered. These matrices are highly desirable on structure which allows fast implementation with reduced storage requirements. In this paper, a survey of deterministic sensing matrices for compressive sensing is presented. We introduce a basic problem in compressive sensing and some disadvantage of the random sensing matrices. Some recent results on construction of the deterministic sensing matrices are discussed.

  6. Matrices with restricted entries and q-analogues of permutations

    CERN Document Server

    Lewis, Joel Brewster; Morales, Alejandro H; Panova, Greta; Sam, Steven V; Zhang, Yan

    2010-01-01

    We study the functions that count matrices of given rank over a finite field with specified positions equal to zero. We show that these matrices are $q$-analogues of permutations with certain restricted values. We obtain a simple closed formula for the number of invertible matrices with zero diagonal, a $q$-analogue of derangements, and a curious relationship between invertible skew-symmetric matrices and invertible symmetric matrices with zero diagonal. In addition, we provide recursions to enumerate matrices and symmetric matrices with zero diagonal by rank, and we frame some of our results in the context of Lie theory. Finally, we provide a brief exposition of polynomiality results for enumeration questions related to those mentioned, and give several open questions.

  7. Dynamic increase in extracellular ATP accelerates photoreceptor cell apoptosis via ligation of P2RX7 in subretinal hemorrhage.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shoji Notomi

    Full Text Available Photoreceptor degeneration is the most critical cause of visual impairment in age-related macular degeneration (AMD. In neovascular form of AMD, severe photoreceptor loss develops with subretinal hemorrhage due to choroidal neovascularization (CNV, growth of abnormal blood vessels from choroidal circulation. However, the detailed mechanisms of this process remain elusive. Here we demonstrate that neovascular AMD with subretinal hemorrhage accompanies a significant increase in extracellular ATP, and that extracellular ATP initiates neurodegenerative processes through specific ligation of Purinergic receptor P2X, ligand-gated ion channel, 7 (P2RX7; P2X7 receptor. Increased extracellular ATP levels were found in the vitreous samples of AMD patients with subretinal hemorrhage compared to control vitreous samples. Extravascular blood induced a massive release of ATP and photoreceptor cell apoptosis in co-culture with primary retinal cells. Photoreceptor cell apoptosis accompanied mitochondrial apoptotic pathways, namely activation of caspase-9 and translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF from mitochondria to nuclei, as well as TUNEL-detectable DNA fragmentation. These hallmarks of photoreceptor cell apoptosis were prevented by brilliant blue G (BBG, a selective P2RX7 antagonist, which is an approved adjuvant in ocular surgery. Finally, in a mouse model of subretinal hemorrhage, photoreceptor cells degenerated through BBG-inhibitable apoptosis, suggesting that ligation of P2RX7 by extracellular ATP may accelerate photoreceptor cell apoptosis in AMD with subretinal hemorrhage. Our results indicate a novel mechanism that could involve neuronal cell death not only in AMD but also in hemorrhagic disorders in the CNS and encourage the potential application of BBG as a neuroprotective therapy.

  8. THE SN 393-SNR RX J1713.7-3946 (G347.3-0.5) CONNECTION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fesen, Robert A.; Milisavljevic, Dan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, 6127 Wilder Lab, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States); Kremer, Richard [Department of History, Dartmouth College, 6107 Carson Hall, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States); Patnaude, Daniel [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2012-02-15

    Although the connection of the Chinese 'guest' star of 393 AD with the Galactic supernova remnant RX J1713.7-3946 (G347.3-0.5) made by Wang et al. in 1997 is consistent with the remnant's relatively young properties and the guest star's projected position within the 'tail' of the constellation Scorpius, there are difficulties with such an association. The brief Chinese texts concerning the 393 AD guest star make no comment about its apparent brightness, stating only that it disappeared after eight months. However, at the remnant's current estimated 1-1.3 kpc distance and A{sub V} {approx_equal} 3, its supernova (SN) should have been a visually bright object at maximum light (-3.5 to -5.0 mag) if M{sub V} = - 17 to -18 and would have remained visible for over a year. The peak brightness {approx_equal}0 mag adopted by Wang et al. and others would require the RX J1713.7-3946 supernova to have been a very subluminous event similar to or fainter than SN 2005cs in M51. We also note problems connecting SN 393 with a European record in which the Roman poet Claudian describes a visually brilliant star in the heavens around 393 AD that could be readily seen even in midday. Although several authors have suggested this account may be a reference to the Chinese supernova of 393, Scorpius would not be visible near midday in March when the Chinese first reported the 393 guest star. We review both the Chinese and Roman accounts and calculate probable visual brightnesses for a range of SN subtypes and conclude that neither the Chinese nor the Roman descriptions are easily reconciled with an expected RX J1713.7-3946 supernova brightness and duration.

  9. The Rx for Change database: a first-in-class tool for optimal prescribing and medicines use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie Bill

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Globally, suboptimal prescribing practices and medication errors are common. Guidance to health professionals and consumers alone is not sufficient to optimise behaviours, therefore strategies to promote evidence-based decision making and practice, such as decision support tools or reminders, are important. The literature in this area is growing, but is of variable quality and dispersed across sources, which makes it difficult to identify, access, and assess. To overcome these problems, by synthesizing and evaluating the data from systematic reviews, we have developed Rx for Change to provide a comprehensive, online database of the evidence for strategies to improve drug prescribing and use. Methods We use reliable and valid methods to search and screen the literature, and to appraise and analyse the evidence from relevant systematic reviews. We then present the findings in an online format which allows users to easily access pertinent information related to prescribing and medicines use. The database is a result of the collaboration between the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH and two Cochrane review groups. Results To capture the body of evidence on interventions to improve prescribing and medicines use, we conduct comprehensive and regular searches in multiple databases, and hand-searches of relevant journals. We screen articles to identify relevant systematic reviews, and include them if they are of moderate or high methodological quality. Two researchers screen, assess quality, and extract data on demographic details, intervention characteristics, and outcome data. We report the results of our analysis of each systematic review using a standardised quantitative and qualitative format. Rx for Change currently contains over 200 summarised reviews, structured in a multi-level format. The reviews included in the database are diverse, covering various settings, conditions, or diseases and targeting

  10. Spectral monitoring of RX J1856.5-3754 with XMM-Newton. Analysis of EPIC-pn data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sartore, N.; Tiengo, A.; Mereghetti, S.; De Luca, A.; Turolla, R.; Haberl, F.

    2012-05-01

    Using a large set of XMM-Newton observations, we searched for the long-term spectral and flux variability of the isolated neutron star RX J1856.5-3754 in the time interval from April 2002 to October 2011. This is the brightest and most extensively observed source of a small group of nearby, thermally emitting isolated neutron stars, of which at least one member (RX J0720.4-3125) has shown long-term variability. A detailed analysis of the data obtained with the EPIC-pn camera in the 0.15-1.2 keV energy range reveals only small variations in the temperature derived with a single blackbody fit (of about 1% around an average value of kT∞ ~ 61 eV). These variations appear to be correlated with the position of the source on the detector and can be ascribed to an instrumental effect, most likely a spatial dependence of the channel-to-energy relation. For the sampled instrumental coordinates, we quantify this effect as variations of ~4% and ~15 eV in the gain slope and offset, respectively. Selecting only a homogeneous subset of observations, with the source imaged at the same detector position, we find no evidence of either spectral or flux variations of RX J1856.5-3754 from March 2005 to the present-day, with limits of ΔkT∞ flux seen in the optical band. No significant narrow or broad spectral features are detected, with upper limits of ~6 eV on their equivalent width.

  11. Decoupling Scheme for a Cryogenic Rx-Only RF Coil for 13C Imaging at 3T

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sánchez-Heredia, Juan D.; Søvsø Szocska Hansen, Esben; Laustsen, Christoffer;

    In this study we evaluate the different active decoupling schemes that can be used to drive an Rx-only coil, in order to determine the optimal design for 13C MRI at 3T. Three different circuit schemes are studied: two known ones (with regular series and parallel tuning respectively), and a novel...... one which we found to be optimal for this case. The circuits have been cooled to 77K to reduce coil noise. Preliminary tests with the preamplifier cooled to 77K for reduction of noise figure, are also reported....

  12. Formulation and evaluation of RX-03-DY made from water-aminated TATB. Process development endeavor No. 101

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osborn, A.G.; Stallings, T.L.

    1983-02-01

    RX-03-DY, a low growth plastic bonded explosive, was formulated from water-aminated TATB and Phenoxy PKHJ, a thermoplastic epoxy resin made by Union Carbide. Acceptable densities in the range of 97.7% of theoretical maximum density were obtained after extensive repressing at 138 MPa. Diametric disc strength was in the range of 5 MPa and growth rate ranged between 1.6 and 2.1 mm/m compared to 4 to 5 mm/m for TATB/Kel-F 800 formulations.

  13. J-正交矩阵的双曲 CS分解定理的推广%Generalizations of hyperbolic CS decomposition of J-orthogonal matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史存琴; 许万银

    2014-01-01

    主要给出了强亚 J-正交矩阵、行强亚J-正交矩阵、列强亚 J-正交矩阵的定义和性质,并由 J-正交矩阵的双曲 CS分解定理,给出了强亚J-正交矩阵、行强亚J-正交矩阵、列强亚J-正交矩阵的双曲CS分解。%In this paper ,first we give the definitions and properties of strong-substandard J-orthogonal ma-trice、row strong-substandard J-orthogonal matrice and column strong-substandard J-orthogonal matrice . Secondly we give hyperbolic CS decomposition of these matrices according to the hyperbolic CS decompo -sition of J-orthogonal matrice .

  14. Approximating the inverse of banded matrices by banded matrices with applications to probability and statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Bickel, Peter J

    2010-01-01

    In the first part of this paper we give an elementary proof of the fact that if an infinite matrix $A$, which is invertible as a bounded operator on $\\ell^2$, can be uniformly approximated by banded matrices then so can the inverse of $A$. We give explicit formulas for the banded approximations of $A^{-1}$ as well as bounds on their accuracy and speed of convergence in terms of their band-width. In the second part we apply these results to covariance matrices $\\Sigma$ of Gaussian processes and study mixing and beta mixing of processes in terms of properties of $\\Sigma$. Finally, we note some applications of our results to statistics.

  15. Computing the real-time Green's Functions of large Hamiltonian matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Iitaka, T

    1996-01-01

    A numerical method is developed for calculating the real time Green's functions of very large sparse Hamiltonian matrices, which exploits the numerical solution of the inhomogeneous time-dependent Schroedinger equation. The method has a clear-cut structure reflecting the most naive definition of the Green's functions, and is very suitable to parallel and vector supercomputers. The effectiveness of the method is illustrated by applying it to simple lattice models. An application of this method to condensed matter physics will be found in H. Tanaka, Phys. PRB 57, 2168 (1998).

  16. Factor structure of Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices

    OpenAIRE

    Muniz, Monalisa; Gomes, Cristiano Mauro Assis; Pasian, Sonia Regina

    2016-01-01

    Abstract This study's objective was to verify the factor structure of Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM). The database used included the responses of 1,279 children, 50.2% of which were males with an average age of 8.48 years old and a standard deviation of 1.49 yrs. Confirmatory factor analyses were run to test seven models based on CPM theory and on a Brazilian study addressing the test's structure. The results did not confirm the CPM theoretical proposition concerning the scales b...

  17. Generalized Jones matrices for anisotropic media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega-Quijano, Noé; Arce-Diego, José Luis

    2013-03-25

    The interaction of arbitrary three-dimensional light beams with optical elements is described by the generalized Jones calculus, which has been formally proposed recently [Azzam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 2279 (2011)]. In this work we obtain the parametric expression of the 3×3 differential generalized Jones matrix (dGJM) for arbitrary optical media assuming transverse light waves. The dGJM is intimately connected to the Gell-Mann matrices, and we show that it provides a versatile method for obtaining the macroscopic GJM of media with either sequential or simultaneous anisotropic effects. Explicit parametric expressions of the GJM for some relevant optical elements are provided.

  18. Jones matrices of perfectly conducting metallic polarizers

    CERN Document Server

    Boyer, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    We deduce from Monomode Modal Method the analytical expressions of transmission and reflexion Jones matrices of an infinitely conducting metallic screen periodically pierced by subwavelength holes. The study is restricted to normal incidence and to the case of neglected evanescent fields (far-field) which covers many common cases. When only one non-degenerate mode propagates in cavities, they take identical forms to those of a polarizer, with Fabry-Perot-like spectral resonant factors depending on bigrating parameters. The isotropic or birefringent properties are then obtained when holes support two orthogonal polarization modes. This basic formalism is finally applied to design compact and efficient metallic half-wave plates.

  19. Algebraic Graph Theory Morphisms, Monoids and Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Knauer, Ulrich

    2011-01-01

    This is a highly self-contained book about algebraic graph theory which iswritten with a view to keep the lively and unconventional atmosphere of a spoken text to communicate the enthusiasm the author feels about this subject. The focus is on homomorphisms and endomorphisms, matrices and eigenvalues. Graph models are extremely useful for almost all applications and applicators as they play an important role as structuring tools. They allow to model net structures -like roads, computers, telephones -instances of abstract data structures -likelists, stacks, trees -and functional or object orient

  20. In vitro translocation experiments with RxLR-reporter fusion proteins of Avr1b from Phytophthora sojae and AVR3a from Phytophthora infestans fail to demonstrate specific autonomous uptake in plant and animal cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wawra, Stephan; Djamei, Armin; Albert, Isabell; Nürnberger, Thorsten; Kahmann, Regine; van West, Pieter

    2013-05-01

    Plant-pathogenic oomycetes have a large set of secreted effectors that can be translocated into their host cells during infection. One group of these effectors are the RxLR effectors for which it has been shown, in a few cases, that the RxLR motif is important for their translocation. It has been suggested that the RxLR-leader sequences alone are enough to translocate the respective effectors into eukaryotic cells through binding to surface-exposed phosphoinositol-3-phosphate. These conclusions were primary based on translocation experiments conducted with recombinant fusion proteins whereby the RxLR leader of RxLR effectors (i.e., Avr1b from Phytophthora sojae) were fused to the green fluorescent protein reporter-protein. However, we failed to observe specific cellular uptake for a comparable fusion protein where the RxLR leader of the P. infestans AVR3a was fused to monomeric red fluorescent protein. Therefore, we reexamined the ability of the reported P. sojae AVR1b RxLR leader to enter eukaryotic cells. Different relevant experiments were performed in three independent laboratories, using fluorescent reporter fusion constructs of AVR3a and Avr1b proteins in a side-by-side comparative study on plant tissue and human and animal cells. We report that we were unable to obtain conclusive evidence for specific RxLR-mediated translocation.

  1. A DFT Study of R-X Bond Dissociation Enthalpies of Relevance to the Initiation Process of Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gillies, Malcolm Bjørn; Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof; Norrby, Per-Ola

    2003-01-01

    DFT calculations at the B3P86/6-31G** level have been carried out to derive the bond dissociation energies (BDE) and free energies for a number of R-X systems (X ) Cl, Br, I, N3, and S2-CNMe2) that have been or can potentially be used as initiators for atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP......). For selected systems, a conformational search was carried out for R-X and R by using semiempirical (PM3) and molecular mechanics (MM+ augmented with appropriately optimized parameters for the radical systems) methods. The MM+ technique is more suited to search for the most stable conformations. The computed...

  2. Automated mapping of pharmacy orders from two electronic health record systems to RxNorm within the STRIDE clinical data warehouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Penni; Podchiyska, Tanya; Weber, Susan; Ferris, Todd; Lowe, Henry

    2009-11-14

    The Stanford Translational Research Integrated Database Environment (STRIDE) clinical data warehouse integrates medication information from two Stanford hospitals that use different drug representation systems. To merge this pharmacy data into a single, standards-based model supporting research we developed an algorithm to map HL7 pharmacy orders to RxNorm concepts. A formal evaluation of this algorithm on 1.5 million pharmacy orders showed that the system could accurately assign pharmacy orders in over 96% of cases. This paper describes the algorithm and discusses some of the causes of failures in mapping to RxNorm.

  3. An optical and X-ray study of the fossil group RX J1340.6+4018

    CERN Document Server

    de Oliveira, Claudia L Mendes; Dupke, Renato A; Sodré, Laerte

    2009-01-01

    Fossil groups are systems with one single central elliptical galaxy and an unusual lack of luminous galaxies in the inner regions. The standard explanation for the formation of these systems suggests that the lack of bright galaxies is due to galactic cannibalism. In this study we show the results of an optical and X-ray analysis of RX J1340.6+4018, the prototype fossil group. The data indicates that RX J1340.6+4018 is similar to clusters in almost every sense, dynamical mass, X-ray luminosity, M/L and luminosity function, except for the lack of L* galaxies. There are claims in the literature that fossil systems have a lack of small mass haloes, compared to predictions based on the LCDM scenario. The observational data gathered on this and other fossil groups so far offer no support to this idea. Analysis of the SN Ia/SN II ejecta ratio in the inner and outer regions shows a marginally significant central dominance of SN Ia material. This suggests that either the merger which originated the central galaxy was...

  4. Complete spectral energy distribution of the hot, helium-rich white dwarf RX J0503.9-2854

    CERN Document Server

    Hoyer, D; Werner, K; Kruk, J W; Quinet, P

    2016-01-01

    In the line-of-sight toward the DO-type white dwarf RX J0503.9-2854, the density of the interstellar medium (ISM) is very low, and thus the contamination of the stellar spectrum almost negligible. This allows us to identify many metal lines in a wide wavelength range from the extreme ultraviolet to the near infrared. In previous spectral analyses, many metal lines in the ultraviolet spectrum of RX J0503.9-2854 have been identified. A complete line list of observed and identified lines is presented here. We compared synthetic spectra that had been calculated from model atmospheres in non-local thermodynamical equilibrium, with observations. In total, we identified 1272 lines (279 of them were newly assigned) in the wavelength range from the extreme ultraviolet to the near infrared. 287 lines remain unidentified. A close inspection of the EUV shows that still no good fit to the observed shape of the stellar continuum flux can be achieved although He, C, N, O, Al, Si, P, S, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cr, Ni Zn, ...

  5. The SN 393 -- SNR RX J1713.7-3946 (G347.3-0.5) Connection

    CERN Document Server

    Fesen, R; Patnaude, D; Milisavljevic, D

    2011-01-01

    Although the connection of the Chinese "guest" star of 393 AD with the Galactic supernova remnant RX J1713.7-3946 (G347.3-0.5) made by Wang et al. in 1997 is consistent with the remnant's relatively young properties and the guest star's projected position within the `tail' of the constellation Scorpius, there are difficulties with such an association. The brief Chinese texts concerning the 393 AD guest star make no comment about its apparent brightness stating only that it disappeared after 8 months. However, at the remnant's current estimated 1 - 1.3 kpc distance and A_v ~ 3 mag, its supernova should have been a visually bright object at maximum light (-3.5 to -5.0 mag) and would have remained visible for over a year almost regardless of its supernova subtype. The peak brightness ~ 0 magnitude adopted by Wang et al. and others would require the RX J1713.7-3946 supernova to have been an unusually subluminous supernova event. We also note problems connecting SN 393 with a European record in which the Roman poe...

  6. The ATLAS barrel level-1 Muon Trigger Sector-Logic/RX off-detector trigger and acquisition board

    CERN Document Server

    Chiodi, G; Petrolo, E; Pastore, F; Salamon, A; Vari, R; Veneziano, S

    2007-01-01

    The ATLAS experiment uses a system of three concentric layers of Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) detector for the Level-1 Muon Trigger in the air-core barrel toroid region. The trigger algorithm looks for hit coincidences within different detector layers inside the programmable geometrical road which defines the transverse momentum cut. The on-detector electronics that provides the trigger and detector readout functionalities collects input signals coming from the RPC front-end. Trigger and readout data are then sent via optical fibres to the off-detector electronics. Six or seven optical fibres from one of the 64 trigger sectors go to one Sector-Logic/RX module, that later elaborates the collected trigger and readout data, and sends data respectively to the Read-Out Driver modules and to the Central Level-1 Trigger. We present the functionality and the implementation of the VME Sector-Logic/RX module, and the configuration of the system for the first cosmic ray data collected using this module.

  7. Multiwavelength study of RX J2015.6+3711: an intermediate polar with a 2-hr spin period

    CERN Document Server

    Zelati, Francesco Coti; Campana, Sergio; De Martino, Domitilla; Papitto, Alessandro; Safi-Harb, Samar; Torres, Diego F

    2015-01-01

    The X-ray source RX J2015.6+3711 was discovered by ROSAT in 1996 and recently proposed to be a cataclysmic variable. Here we report on an XMM-Newton observation of RX J2015.6+3711 performed in 2014, where we detected a coherent X-ray modulation at a period of 7196+/-11 s, and discovered other significant (>6sigma) small-amplitude periodicities. The 0.3-10 keV spectrum can be described by a power law (Gamma = 1.15+/-0.04) with a complex absorption pattern, a broad emission feature at 6.60+/-0.01 keV, and having an unabsorbed flux of (3.16+/-0.05)x10^{-12} erg/s/cm^2. We observed a significant spectral variability along the modulation phase, which can be ascribed mainly to changes in the density of a partial absorber and the power law normalization. Data analysis of two archival X-ray observations carried out by the Chandra satellite, and two simultaneous X-ray and UV/optical pointings with Swift, revealed a gradual fading of the source in the soft X-rays over the last 13 years, and a rather stable X-ray-to-opt...

  8. Exploring the Central Compact Object in the RX J0852.0-4622 Supernova Remnant with XMM-Newton

    CERN Document Server

    Becker, W; Aschenbach, B; Iyudin, A

    2006-01-01

    The properties of the presumably young galactic supernova remnant (SNR) RX J0852.0-4622, discovered by ROSAT, are still uncertain. The data concerning the distance to the SNR, its age, and the presence of a compact remnant remain controversial. We report the results of several XMM-Newton observations of CXOU J085201.4-461753, the central compact source in RX J0852.0-4622. The currently prefered interpretation of CXOU J085201.4-461753 being a neutron star is in line with our analysis. The Chandra candidate pulsation periods are not confirmed; actually no period was found down to a 3-sigma upper limit for any pulsed fraction. The spectrum of CXOU J085201.4-461753 is best described by either a two blackbody spectrum or a single blackbody spectrum with a high energy power law tail. The two blackbody temperatures of 4 MK and 6.6 MK along with the small size of the emitting regions with radii of 0.36 and 0.06 km invalidate the interpretation that the thermal radiation is cooling emission from the entire neutron sta...

  9. Submillimeter Array Observations of the RX J1633.9-2442 Transition Disk: Evidence for Multiple Planets in the Making

    CERN Document Server

    Cieza, Lucas A; Williams, Jonathan P; Menard, Francois C; Kraus, Adam L; Schreiber, Matthias R; Romero, Gisela A; Orellana, Mariana; Ireland, Michael J

    2012-01-01

    We present continuum high resolution Submillimeter Array (SMA) observations of the transition disk object RX J1633.9-2442, which is located in the Ophiuchus molecular cloud and has recently been identified as a likely site of ongoing giant planet formation. The observations were taken at 340 GHz (880 micron) with the SMA in its most extended configuration, resulting in an angular resolution of 0.3" (35 AU at the distance of the target). We find that the disk is highly inclined (i ~50 deg) and has an inner cavity ~25 AU in radius, which is clearly resolved by our observations. We simultaneously model the entire optical to millimeter wavelength spectral energy distribution (SED) and SMA visibilities of RX J1633.9-2442 in order to constrain the structure of its disk. We find that an empty cavity ~25 AU in radius is inconsistent with the excess emission observed at 12, 22, and 24 micron. Instead, the mid-IR excess can be modeled by either a narrow, optically thick ring at ~10 AU or an optically thin region extend...

  10. Double-peaked Balmer line emission in the radio-quiet AGN RX J1042+1212

    CERN Document Server

    Puchnarewicz, E M; Carrera, F J

    1996-01-01

    We present optical and X-ray spectra of a radio-quiet X-ray selected AGN, RX J1042+1212 ($z$=0.271). The Halpha and Hbeta emission lines are very broad (with full widths at half maximum of ~10000 km s-1) and have double-peaked profiles. Such features are rarely observed in AGN in general but are even more unusual in radio-quiet objects. The analysis of the ROSAT PSPC data reveals a non-varying, unabsorbed spectrum with an energy spectral index, alphax=1.2 and little or no emission from a soft X-ray excess. The slope of the optical spectrum is similar, alphaopt=1.0, and is consistent with an extrapolation of the X-ray spectrum, suggesting that the same power-law continuum may dominate throughout and that the big blue bump component is relatively weak. We look for a link between these various properties and investigate models of double-peaked Balmer line emission in AGN. An accretion disc origin is unlikely in RX J1042+1212 as this model predicts that lines emitted by a disc should have a net gravitational reds...

  11. Development of a Schottky CdTe Medipix3RX hybrid photon counting detector with spatial and energy resolving capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gimenez, E.N., E-mail: Eva.Gimenez@diamond.ac.uk [Diamond Light Source, Harwell Campus, Oxforshire OX11 0DE (United Kingdom); Astromskas, V. [University of Surrey (United Kingdom); Horswell, I.; Omar, D.; Spiers, J.; Tartoni, N. [Diamond Light Source, Harwell Campus, Oxforshire OX11 0DE (United Kingdom)

    2016-07-11

    A multichip CdTe-Medipix3RX detector system was developed in order to bring the advantages of photon-counting detectors to applications in the hard X-ray range of energies. The detector head consisted of 2×2 Medipix3RX ASICs bump-bonded to a 28 mm×28 mm e{sup −} collection Schottky contact CdTe sensor. Schottky CdTe sensors undergo performance degrading polarization which increases with temperature, flux and the longer the HV is applied. Keeping the temperature stable and periodically refreshing the high voltage bias supply was used to minimize the polarization and achieve a stable and reproducible detector response. This leads to good quality images and successful results on the energy resolving capabilities of the system. - Highlights: • A high atomic number (CdTe sensor based) photon-counting detector was developed. • Polarization effects affected the image were minimized by regularly refreshing the bias voltage and stabilizing the temperature. • Good spatial resolution and image quality was achieved following this procedure.

  12. Spectral monitoring of RX J1856.5-3754 with XMM-Newton. Analysis of EPIC-pn data

    CERN Document Server

    Sartore, N; Mereghetti, S; De Luca, A; Turolla, R; Haberl, F

    2012-01-01

    Using a large set of XMM-Newton observations we searched for long term spectral and flux variability of the isolated neutron star RX J1856.5-3754 in the time interval from April 2002 to October 2011. This is the brightest and most extensively observed source of a small group of nearby, thermally emitting isolated neutron stars, of which at least one member (RX J0720.4-3125, Hohle et al., 2010) has shown long term variability. A detailed analysis of the data obtained with the EPIC-pn camera in the 0.15-1.2 keV energy range reveals small variations in the temperature derived with a single blackbody fit (of the order of 1% around kT^inf \\sim 61 eV). Such variations are correlated with the position of the source on the detector and can be ascribed to an instrumental effect, most likely a spatial dependence of the channel to energy relation. For the sampled instrumental coordinates, we quantify this effect as variations of \\sim 4% and \\sim 15 eV in the gain slope and offset, respectively. Selecting only a homogene...

  13. Discovery of Pulsed X-ray Emission from the SMC Transient RX J0117.6-7330

    CERN Document Server

    Macomb, D J; Harmon, B A; Lamb, R C; Prince, T A

    1999-01-01

    We report on the detection of pulsed, broad-band, X-ray emission from the transient source RX J0117.6-7330. The pulse period of 22 seconds is detected by the ROSAT/PSPC instrument in a 1992 Sep 30 - Oct 2 observation and by the CGRO/BATSE instrument during the same epoch. Hard X-ray pulsations are detectable by BATSE for approximately 100 days surrounding the ROSAT observation (1992 Aug 28 - Dec 8). The total directly measured X-ray luminosity during the ROSAT observation is 1.0E38 (d/60 kpc)^2 ergs s-1. The pulse frequency increases rapidly during the outburst, with a peak spin-up rate of 1.2E-10 Hz s-1 and a total frequency change 1.8%. The pulsed percentage is 11.3% from 0.1-2.5 keV, increasing to at least 78% in the 20-70 keV band. These results establish RX J0117.6-7330 as a transient Be binary system.

  14. A CLASS OF DETERMINISTIC CONSTRUCTION OF BINARY COMPRESSED SENSING MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Dandan; Liu Xinji; Xia Shutao; Jiang Yong

    2012-01-01

    Compressed Sensing (CS) is an emerging technology in the field of signal processing,which can recover a sparse signal by taking very few samples and solving a linear programming problem.In this paper,we study the application of Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) Codes in CS.Firstly,we find a sufficient condition for a binary matrix to satisfy the Restricted Isometric Property (RIP).Then,by employing the LDPC codes based on Berlekamp-Justesen (B-J) codes,we construct two classes of binary structured matrices and show that these matrices satisfy RIP.Thus,the proposed matrices could be used as sensing matrices for CS.Finally,simulation results show that the performance of the Droposed matrices can be comparable with the widely used random sensing matrices.

  15. A conserved cluster of three PRD-class homeobox genes (homeobrain, rx and orthopedia in the Cnidaria and Protostomia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazza Maureen E

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Homeobox genes are a superclass of transcription factors with diverse developmental regulatory functions, which are found in plants, fungi and animals. In animals, several Antennapedia (ANTP-class homeobox genes reside in extremely ancient gene clusters (for example, the Hox, ParaHox, and NKL clusters and the evolution of these clusters has been implicated in the morphological diversification of animal bodyplans. By contrast, similarly ancient gene clusters have not been reported among the other classes of homeobox genes (that is, the LIM, POU, PRD and SIX classes. Results Using a combination of in silico queries and phylogenetic analyses, we found that a cluster of three PRD-class homeobox genes (Homeobrain (hbn, Rax (rx and Orthopedia (otp is present in cnidarians, insects and mollusks (a partial cluster comprising hbn and rx is present in the placozoan Trichoplax adhaerens. We failed to identify this 'HRO' cluster in deuterostomes; in fact, the Homeobrain gene appears to be missing from the chordate genomes we examined, although it is present in hemichordates and echinoderms. To illuminate the ancestral organization and function of this ancient cluster, we mapped the constituent genes against the assembled genome of a model cnidarian, the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis, and characterized their spatiotemporal expression using in situ hybridization. In N. vectensis, these genes reside in a span of 33 kb with the same gene order as previously reported in insects. Comparisons of genomic sequences and expressed sequence tags revealed the presence of alternative transcripts of Nv-otp and two highly unusual protein-coding polymorphisms in the terminal helix of the Nv-rx homeodomain. A population genetic survey revealed the Rx polymorphisms to be widespread in natural populations. During larval development, all three genes are expressed in the ectoderm, in non-overlapping territories along the oral-aboral axis, with distinct

  16. Bromination of selected pharmaceuticals in water matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benitez, F Javier; Acero, Juan L; Real, Francisco J; Roldan, Gloria; Casas, Francisco

    2011-11-01

    The bromination of five selected pharmaceuticals (metoprolol, naproxen, amoxicillin, phenacetin, and hydrochlorothiazide) was studied with these compounds individually dissolved in ultra-pure water. The apparent rate constants for the bromination reaction were determined as a function of the pH, obtaining the sequence amoxicillin>naproxen>hydrochlorothiazide≈phenacetin≈metoprolol. A kinetic mechanism specifying the dissociation reactions and the species formed for each compound according to its pK(a) value and the pH allowed the intrinsic rate constants to be determined for each elementary reaction. There was fairly good agreement between the experimental and calculated values of the apparent rate constants, confirming the goodness of the proposed reaction mechanism. In a second stage, the bromination of the selected pharmaceuticals simultaneously dissolved in three water matrices (a groundwater, a surface water from a public reservoir, and a secondary effluent from a WWTP) was investigated. The pharmaceutical elimination trend agreed with the previously determined rate constants. The influence of the main operating conditions (pH, initial bromine dose, and characteristics of the water matrix) on the degradation of the pharmaceuticals was established. An elimination concentration profile for each pharmaceutical in the water matrices was proposed based on the use of the previously evaluated apparent rate constants, and the theoretical results agreed satisfactorily with experiment. Finally, chlorination experiments performed in the presence of bromide showed that low bromide concentrations slightly accelerate the oxidation of the selected pharmaceuticals during chlorine disinfection.

  17. Moderate deviations for the eigenvalue counting function of Wigner matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Doering, Hanna

    2011-01-01

    We establish a moderate deviation principle (MDP) for the number of eigenvalues of a Wigner matrix in an interval. The proof relies on fine asymptotics of the variance of the eigenvalue counting function of GUE matrices due to Gustavsson. The extension to large families of Wigner matrices is based on the Tao and Vu Four Moment Theorem and applies localization results by Erd\\"os, Yau and Yin. Moreover we investigate families of covariance matrices as well.

  18. Symmetric texture-zero mass matrices and its eigenvalues

    CERN Document Server

    Criollo, A

    2012-01-01

    Within the texture-zeros mechanism, first we provide necessary and sufficient conditions on the characteristic polynomial coefficients so that it has real, simple and positive roots, we traduce these conditions in terms to the invariants of the congruent matrices. Next all symmetric texture-zero mass matrices are counted and classified. Finally we apply in a systematic way the result from the first part to analyze the six, four and two zeros texture matrices presented in the second part.

  19. Wick's theorem and reconstruction schemes for reduced density matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Feiwu

    2006-01-01

    We first obtained a closed form of the Wick's theorem expressed in Grassman wedge product, which is similar to a binomial expansion. With this new expansion, new reconstruction schemes for reduced density matrices are derived rigorously. The higher order reduced density matrices are systematically decomposed into a sum of the lower order reduced density matrices which could be used to solve the contracted Schr(o)dinger equation.

  20. Racah matrices and hidden integrability in evolution of knots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mironov, A.; Morozov, A.; Morozov, An.; Sleptsov, A.

    2016-09-01

    We construct a general procedure to extract the exclusive Racah matrices S and S bar from the inclusive 3-strand mixing matrices by the evolution method and apply it to the first simple representations R = [ 1 ], [2], [3] and [ 2 , 2 ]. The matrices S and S bar relate respectively the maps (R ⊗ R) ⊗ R bar ⟶ R with R ⊗ (R ⊗ R bar) ⟶ R and (R ⊗ R bar) ⊗ R ⟶ R with R ⊗ (R bar ⊗ R) ⟶ R. They are building blocks for the colored HOMFLY polynomials of arbitrary arborescent (double fat) knots. Remarkably, the calculation realizes an unexpected integrability property underlying the evolution matrices.

  1. Inverse Eigenvalue Problems for Two Special Acyclic Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debashish Sharma

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we study two inverse eigenvalue problems (IEPs of constructing two special acyclic matrices. The first problem involves the reconstruction of matrices whose graph is a path, from given information on one eigenvector of the required matrix and one eigenvalue of each of its leading principal submatrices. The second problem involves reconstruction of matrices whose graph is a broom, the eigen data being the maximum and minimum eigenvalues of each of the leading principal submatrices of the required matrix. In order to solve the problems, we use the recurrence relations among leading principal minors and the property of simplicity of the extremal eigenvalues of acyclic matrices.

  2. Self-dual interval orders and row-Fishburn matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Yan, Sherry H F

    2011-01-01

    Recently, Jel\\'{i}nek derived that the number of self-dual interval orders of reduced size $n$ is twice the number of row-Fishburn matrices of size $n$ by using generating functions. In this paper, we present a bijective proof of this relation by establishing a bijection between two variations of upper-triangular matrices of nonnegative integers. Using the bijection, we provide a combinatorial proof of the refined relations between self-dual Fishburn matrices and row-Fishburn matrices in answer to a problem proposed by Jel\\'{i}nek.

  3. Applications of combinatorial matrix theory to Laplacian matrices of graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Molitierno, Jason J

    2012-01-01

    On the surface, matrix theory and graph theory seem like very different branches of mathematics. However, adjacency, Laplacian, and incidence matrices are commonly used to represent graphs, and many properties of matrices can give us useful information about the structure of graphs. Applications of Combinatorial Matrix Theory to Laplacian Matrices of Graphs is a compilation of many of the exciting results concerning Laplacian matrices developed since the mid 1970s by well-known mathematicians such as Fallat, Fiedler, Grone, Kirkland, Merris, Mohar, Neumann, Shader, Sunder, and more. The text i

  4. Neuroretinitis -- definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007624.htm Neuroretinitis - definition To use the sharing features on this page, ... this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial ...

  5. Market Definition

    OpenAIRE

    Kaplow, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Market definition has long held a central place in competition law. This entry surveys recent analytical work that has called the market definition paradigm into question on a number of fronts: whether the process is feasible, whether market share threshold tests are coherent, whether the hypothetical monopolist test in merger guidelines is counterproductive, and whether and when the frequent focus on cross-elasticities is useful.

  6. Matrices generadas por adición de díadas (matrices de rango 1): propiedades y aplicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Ortigueira, Manuel D.

    1996-01-01

    Se estudian las matrices elementales de rango 1 (díadas). Para estas matrices se presentan fórmulas para su factorización, inversión, descomposición en valores propios y valores singulares. Estos resultados son aplicados en análisis recursivo a cualquier matriz, siempre que se descomponga en una suma de matrices de rango 1. Peer Reviewed

  7. Matrices generadas por adición de díadas (matrices de rango 1): propiedades y aplicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Ortigueira, Manuel D.

    1996-01-01

    Se estudian las matrices elementales de rango 1 (díadas). Para estas matrices se presentan fórmulas para su factorización, inversión, descomposición en valores propios y valores singulares. Estos resultados son aplicados en análisis recursivo a cualquier matriz, siempre que se descomponga en una suma de matrices de rango 1. Peer Reviewed

  8. Quantification of in vivo binding of [[sup 3]H]RX 821002 in rat brain: evaluation as a radioligand for central [alpha][sub 2]-adrenoceptors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hume, S.P.; Lammertsma, A.A.; Opacka-Juffry, J.; Ahier, R.G.; Myers, R., Cremer, J.E.; Pike, V.W. (Hammersmith Hospital, London (United Kingdom). M.R.C. Cyclotron Unit); Hudson, A.L.; Nutt, D.J. (Bristol Univ. (United Kingdom). Reckitt and Coleman Psychopharmacology Unit)

    1992-11-01

    On the basis of its established in vitro characteristics, [[sup 3]H]RX 821002 was evaluated in rats as an in vivo radioligand for central [alpha][sub 2]-adrenoceptors. Estimates for in vivo binding potential, obtained by compartmental analyses of time-radioactivity data, ranged between 1.9 for hypothalamus and 0.2 for cerebellum, with a regional distribution in brain which was similar to that observed in vitro. Selectivity and specificity of the signal were checked by predosing with either the [alpha][sub 2]-antagonists, idazoxan or yohimbine, the [alpha][sub 2]-agonist, clonidine, or the [alpha][sub 1]-antagonist, prazosin. Pretreatment of the rats with the selective neurotoxin, DSP-4, had no significant effect on [[sup 3]H]RX 821002 binding, suggesting that the majority of labelled sites were situated post-junctionally. The studies indicate that [[sup 3]H]RX 821002 can be used experimentally as an in vivo marker for central [alpha][sub 2]-adrenoceptors. The size and rate of expression of the specific signal encourage the development and assessment of [[sup 11]C]RX 821002 for clinical PET studies. (author).

  9. Discovery of 1323 s pulsations from RX J0103.6-7201: the longest period X-ray pulsar in the SMC

    CERN Document Server

    Haberl, F

    2005-01-01

    XMM-Newton archival observations of the Be/X-ray binary candidate RX J0103.6-7201 revealed pulsations with a period of ~1323 s. This makes RX J0103.6-7201 the X-ray pulsar with the longest period known in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). More than 150 X-ray observations of RX J0103.6-7201 by ROSAT, Chandra and XMM-Newton show flux variations by a factor of 50 on time scales of days to years. Using the accurate positions obtained from ACIS-I images the optical counterpart is identified with a V = 14.6 mag emission line star. EPIC spectra of RX J0103.6-7201 above 1 keV are consistent with an absorbed power-law with column density between (6-9)x10^21 cm^-2, except during one observation when an extraordinary high value of 1.1x10^23 cm^-2 was measured which strongly attenuated the power-law emission below 3 keV. A soft excess between 0.5 and 1.0 keV is evident in the spectra which becomes best visible in the highly absorbed spectrum. The soft component can be reproduced by a thermal plasma emission model with it...

  10. Using RxNorm and NDF-RT to classify medication data extracted from electronic health records: experiences from the Rochester Epidemiology Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Jyotishman; Murphy, Sean P; Willaert, Brian N; Kremers, Hilal M; Yawn, Barbara P; Rocca, Walter A; Chute, Christopher G

    2011-01-01

    RxNorm and NDF-RT published by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and Veterans Affairs (VA), respectively, are two publicly available federal medication terminologies. In this study, we evaluate the applicability of RxNorm and National Drug File-Reference Terminology (NDF-RT) for extraction and classification of medication data retrieved using structured querying and natural language processing techniques from electronic health records at two different medical centers within the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP). Specifically, we explore how mappings between RxNorm concept codes and NDF-RT drug classes can be leveraged for hierarchical organization and grouping of REP medication data, identify gaps and coverage issues, and analyze the recently released NLM's NDF-RT Web service API. Our study concludes that RxNorm and NDF-RT can be applied together for classification of medication extracted from multiple EHR systems, although several issues and challenges remain to be addressed. We further conclude that the Web service APIs developed by the NLM provide useful functionalities for such activities.

  11. Investigation of degradation mechanisms in composite matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giori, C.; Yamauchi, T.

    1982-01-01

    Degradation mechanisms were investigated for graphite/polysulfone and graphite/epoxy laminates exposed to ultraviolet and high-energy electron radiations in vacuum up to 960 equivalent sun hours and 10 to the ninth power rads respectively. Based on GC and combined GC/MS analysis of volatile by-products evolved during irradiation, several free radical mechanisms of composite degradation were identified. The radiation resistance of different matrices was compared in terms of G values and quantum yields for gas formation. All the composite materials evaluated show high electron radiation stability and relatively low ultraviolet stability as indicated by low G values and high quantum for gas formation. Mechanical property measurements of irradiated samples did not reveal significant changes, with the possible exception of UV exposed polysulfone laminates. Hydrogen and methane were identified as the main by-products of irradiation, along with unexpectedly high levels of CO and CO2.

  12. Diameter Preserving Surjection on Alternate Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Ping HUANG

    2009-01-01

    Let F be a field with |F| ≥ 3, Km be the set of all m × m (m ≥ 4) alternate matrices over F. The arithmetic distance of A, B ∈ Km is d(A, B) := rank(A- B). If d(A, B) = 2, then A and B are said to be adjacent. The diameter of Km is max{d(A, B) : A, B ∈ Km}. Assume that ψ : Km→ Km is a map. We prove the following are equivalent: (a) ψ is a diameter preserving surjection in both directions, (b) ψ is both an adjacency preserving surjection and a diameter preserving map, (c) ψ is a bijective map which preserves the arithmetic distance.

  13. Spirooxazine Photoisomerization and Relaxation in Polymer Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Larkowska

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available 9′-Hydroxy-1,3,3-trimethylspiro[indoline-2,3′[3H]naphtha[2,1-b]-1,4oxazine] (SPO-7OH was used in studies of photochromic transformations in polymer matrices. Illumination with UV lamp caused opening the spirostructure of the oxazine with formation of open merocyanine species absorbing at ca. 610 nm. The kinetic studies of thermal relaxation of the open form showed that this process can be described with a biexponential function including both photochemical reaction and rheological behaviour of the polymeric environment. Basing on Arrhenius plot of the rate constant ascribed to the photochemical reaction, the activation energy was determined, which was 66.1 and 84.7 kJ/mole for poly(methyl methacrylate-co-butyl methacrylate and poly(vinylpyrrolidone matrix, respectively.

  14. Carbon nanomaterials in silica aerogel matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamilton, Christopher E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chavez, Manuel E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Duque, Juan G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gupta, Gautam [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Doorn, Stephen K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dattelbaum, Andrew M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Obrey, Kimberly A D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    Silica aerogels are ultra low-density, high surface area materials that are extremely good thermal insulators and have numerous technical applications. However, their mechanical properties are not ideal, as they are brittle and prone to shattering. Conversely, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and graphene-based materials, such as graphene oxide, have extremely high tensile strength and possess novel electronic properties. By introducing SWCNTs or graphene-based materials into aerogel matrices, it is possible to produce composites with the desirable properties of both constituents. We have successfully dispersed SWCNTs and graphene-based materials into silica gels. Subsequent supercritical drying results in monolithic low-density composites having improved mechanical properties. These nanocomposite aerogels have great potential for use in a wide range of applications.

  15. Momentum representation for equilibrium reduced density matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Golovko, V A

    2011-01-01

    The hierarchy of equations for reduced density matrices that describes a thermodynamically equilibrium quantum system obtained earlier by the author is investigated in the momentum representation. In the paper it is shown that the use of the momentum representation opens up new opportunities in studies of macroscopic quantum systems both nonsuperfluid and superfluid. It is found that the distribution over momenta in a quantum fluid is not a Bose or Fermi distribution even in the limit of practically noninteracting particles. The distribution looks like a Maxwellian one although, strictly speaking, it is not Maxwellian. The momentum distribution in a quantum crystal depends upon the interaction potential and the crystalline structure. The momentum distribution in a superfluid contains a delta function. The momentum distribution for the condensate in a superfluid crystal consists of delta peaks that are arranged periodically in momentum space. The periodical structure remains if the condensate crystal is not su...

  16. Statistical properties of random scattering matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Seba, P; Zakrzewski, J A; Seba, Petr; Zyczkowski, Karol; Zakrzewski, Jakub

    1996-01-01

    We discuss the properties of eigenphases of S--matrices in random models simulating classically chaotic scattering. The energy dependence of the eigenphases is investigated and the corresponding velocity and curvature distributions are obtained both theoretically and numerically. A simple formula describing the velocity distribution (and hence the distribution of the Wigner time delay) is derived, which is capable to explain the algebraic tail of the time delay distribution observed recently in microwave experiments. A dependence of the eigenphases on other external parameters is also discussed. We show that in the semiclassical limit (large number of channels) the curvature distribution of S--matrix eigenphases is the same as that corresponding to the curvature distribution of the underlying Hamiltonian and is given by the generalized Cauchy distribution.

  17. Matrices over runtime systems at exascale

    KAUST Repository

    Agullo, Emmanuel

    2012-11-01

    The goal of Matrices Over Runtime Systems at Exascale (MORSE) project is to design dense and sparse linear algebra methods that achieve the fastest possible time to an accurate solution on large-scale multicore systems with GPU accelerators, using all the processing power that future high end systems can make available. In this poster, we propose a framework for describing linear algebra algorithms at a high level of abstraction and delegating the actual execution to a runtime system in order to design software whose performance is portable accross architectures. We illustrate our methodology on three classes of problems: dense linear algebra, sparse direct methods and fast multipole methods. The resulting codes have been incorporated into Magma, Pastix and ScalFMM solvers, respectively. © 2012 IEEE.

  18. Unbiased community detection for correlation matrices

    CERN Document Server

    MacMahon, Mel

    2013-01-01

    A challenging problem in the study of large complex systems is that of resolving, without prior information, the emergent mesoscopic organization determined by groups of units whose dynamical activity is more strongly correlated internally than with the rest of the system. The existing techniques to filter correlations are not explicitly oriented at identifying such modules and suffer from an unavoidable information loss. A promising alternative is that of employing community detection techniques developed in network theory. Unfortunately, the attempts made so far have merely replaced network data with correlation matrices, a procedure that we show to be fundamentally biased due to its inconsistency with the null hypotheses underlying the existing algorithms. Here we introduce, via a consistent redefinition of null models based on Random Matrix Theory, the unbiased correlation-based counterparts of the most popular community detection techniques. After successfully benchmarking our methods, we apply them to s...

  19. A convergence analysis of SOR iterative methods for linear systems with weak H-matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Cheng-yi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that SOR iterative methods are convergent for linear systems, whose coefficient matrices are strictly or irreducibly diagonally dominant matrices and strong H-matrices (whose comparison matrices are nonsingular M-matrices. However, the same can not be true in case of those iterative methods for linear systems with weak H-matrices (whose comparison matrices are singular M-matrices. This paper proposes some necessary and sufficient conditions such that SOR iterative methods are convergent for linear systems with weak H-matrices. Furthermore, some numerical examples are given to demonstrate the convergence results obtained in this paper.

  20. Dirac matrices for Chern-Simons gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izaurieta, Fernando; Ramírez, Ricardo; Rodríguez, Eduardo

    2012-10-01

    A genuine gauge theory for the Poincaré, de Sitter or anti-de Sitter algebras can be constructed in (2n - 1)-dimensional spacetime by means of the Chern-Simons form, yielding a gravitational theory that differs from General Relativity but shares many of its properties, such as second order field equations for the metric. The particular form of the Lagrangian is determined by a rank n, symmetric tensor invariant under the relevant algebra. In practice, the calculation of this invariant tensor can be reduced to the computation of the trace of the symmetrized product of n Dirac Gamma matrices Γab in 2n-dimensional spacetime. While straightforward in principle, this calculation can become extremely cumbersome in practice. For large enough n, existing computer algebra packages take an inordinate long time to produce the answer or plainly fail having used up all available memory. In this talk we show that the general formula for the trace of the symmetrized product of 2n Gamma matrices Γab can be written as a certain sum over the integer partitions s of n, with every term being multiplied by a numerical cofficient αs. We then give a general algorithm that computes the α-coefficients as the solution of a linear system of equations generated by evaluating the general formula for different sets of tensors Bab with random numerical entries. A recurrence relation between different coefficients is shown to hold and is used in a second, "minimal" algorithm to greatly speed up the computations. Runtime of the minimal algorithm stays below 1 min on a typical desktop computer for up to n = 25, which easily covers all foreseeable applications of the trace formula.

  1. Dirac matrices for Chern-Simons gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izaurieta, Fernando; Ramirez, Ricardo; Rodriguez, Eduardo [Departamento de Matematica y Fisica Aplicadas, Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion, Alonso de Ribera 2850, 4090541 Concepcion (Chile)

    2012-10-06

    A genuine gauge theory for the Poincare, de Sitter or anti-de Sitter algebras can be constructed in (2n- 1)-dimensional spacetime by means of the Chern-Simons form, yielding a gravitational theory that differs from General Relativity but shares many of its properties, such as second order field equations for the metric. The particular form of the Lagrangian is determined by a rank n, symmetric tensor invariant under the relevant algebra. In practice, the calculation of this invariant tensor can be reduced to the computation of the trace of the symmetrized product of n Dirac Gamma matrices {Gamma}{sub ab} in 2n-dimensional spacetime. While straightforward in principle, this calculation can become extremely cumbersome in practice. For large enough n, existing computer algebra packages take an inordinate long time to produce the answer or plainly fail having used up all available memory. In this talk we show that the general formula for the trace of the symmetrized product of 2n Gamma matrices {Gamma}{sub ab} can be written as a certain sum over the integer partitions s of n, with every term being multiplied by a numerical cofficient {alpha}{sub s}. We then give a general algorithm that computes the {alpha}-coefficients as the solution of a linear system of equations generated by evaluating the general formula for different sets of tensors B{sup ab} with random numerical entries. A recurrence relation between different coefficients is shown to hold and is used in a second, 'minimal' algorithm to greatly speed up the computations. Runtime of the minimal algorithm stays below 1 min on a typical desktop computer for up to n = 25, which easily covers all foreseeable applications of the trace formula.

  2. Robust Generalized Low Rank Approximations of Matrices.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiarong Shi

    Full Text Available In recent years, the intrinsic low rank structure of some datasets has been extensively exploited to reduce dimensionality, remove noise and complete the missing entries. As a well-known technique for dimensionality reduction and data compression, Generalized Low Rank Approximations of Matrices (GLRAM claims its superiority on computation time and compression ratio over the SVD. However, GLRAM is very sensitive to sparse large noise or outliers and its robust version does not have been explored or solved yet. To address this problem, this paper proposes a robust method for GLRAM, named Robust GLRAM (RGLRAM. We first formulate RGLRAM as an l1-norm optimization problem which minimizes the l1-norm of the approximation errors. Secondly, we apply the technique of Augmented Lagrange Multipliers (ALM to solve this l1-norm minimization problem and derive a corresponding iterative scheme. Then the weak convergence of the proposed algorithm is discussed under mild conditions. Next, we investigate a special case of RGLRAM and extend RGLRAM to a general tensor case. Finally, the extensive experiments on synthetic data show that it is possible for RGLRAM to exactly recover both the low rank and the sparse components while it may be difficult for previous state-of-the-art algorithms. We also discuss three issues on RGLRAM: the sensitivity to initialization, the generalization ability and the relationship between the running time and the size/number of matrices. Moreover, the experimental results on images of faces with large corruptions illustrate that RGLRAM obtains the best denoising and compression performance than other methods.

  3. Robust Generalized Low Rank Approximations of Matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Jiarong; Yang, Wei; Zheng, Xiuyun

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, the intrinsic low rank structure of some datasets has been extensively exploited to reduce dimensionality, remove noise and complete the missing entries. As a well-known technique for dimensionality reduction and data compression, Generalized Low Rank Approximations of Matrices (GLRAM) claims its superiority on computation time and compression ratio over the SVD. However, GLRAM is very sensitive to sparse large noise or outliers and its robust version does not have been explored or solved yet. To address this problem, this paper proposes a robust method for GLRAM, named Robust GLRAM (RGLRAM). We first formulate RGLRAM as an l1-norm optimization problem which minimizes the l1-norm of the approximation errors. Secondly, we apply the technique of Augmented Lagrange Multipliers (ALM) to solve this l1-norm minimization problem and derive a corresponding iterative scheme. Then the weak convergence of the proposed algorithm is discussed under mild conditions. Next, we investigate a special case of RGLRAM and extend RGLRAM to a general tensor case. Finally, the extensive experiments on synthetic data show that it is possible for RGLRAM to exactly recover both the low rank and the sparse components while it may be difficult for previous state-of-the-art algorithms. We also discuss three issues on RGLRAM: the sensitivity to initialization, the generalization ability and the relationship between the running time and the size/number of matrices. Moreover, the experimental results on images of faces with large corruptions illustrate that RGLRAM obtains the best denoising and compression performance than other methods.

  4. Impact of P2RX7 ablation on the morphological, mechanical and tissue properties of bones in a murine model of duchenne muscular dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamad, N S; Sinadinos, A; Górecki, D C; Zioupos, P; Tong, J

    2016-10-03

    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an inherited, lethal disorder characterised by progressive muscle degeneration and associated bone abnormalities. We have previously demonstrated that P2RX7 purinergic receptors contribute to the pathogenesis of DMD, and found that P2RX7 ablation alleviated the severity of the disease. In this work we have used a dystrophic mdx mouse crossed with the global P2RX7 receptor to generate a knockout mouse (mdx/P2X7(-)(/)(-)), and compared its morphometric, mechanical and tissue properties against those of mdx, as well as the wild type (WT) and the P2RX7 knockout (P2X7(-)(/)(-)). Micro-computed tomography (µCT), three-point bending testing, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and nano-indentation were utilised in the study. The bones were analysed at approximately 4 weeks of age to examine the impact of P2RX7 ablation on the bone properties during the acute disease phase, before muscle wasting is fully developed. The results show that P2RX7 purinoceptor ablation has produced improvement or significant improvement in some of the morphological, the mechanical and the tissue properties of the dystrophic bones examined. Specifically, although the ablation produced smaller bones with significantly lower total cross-section area (Tt.Ar) and Second Moment of Area (SMA), significantly higher cortical bone area (Ct.Ar), cortical area fraction (Ct.Ar/Tt.Ar) and trabecular bone volume fraction (BV/TV) are found in the mdx/P2X7(-/-) mice than in any other types. Further, the mdx/P2X7(-)(/)(-) bones have relatively higher average flexural strength, work-to-fracture and significantly higher strain to failure compared with those of mdx, suggesting greater resistance to fracture. Indentation modulus, elasticity and creep are also significantly improved in the knockout cortical bones over those of mdx. These findings seem to suggest that specific pharmacological blockade of P2RX7 may improve dystrophic bones, with a potential for therapeutic

  5. Establishment of a serum iron assay system on Dimension RxL Max automatic biochemical analyzer%Dimension RxL MAX全自动生化分析仪血清铁测定系统的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敏; 易浔飞; 廖剑

    2009-01-01

    Objective; To evaluate methodologically the serum iron assay system establised on Demension RxL Max automatic biochemical analyzer. Methods: The blank reagent cartridge was filled with commercial reagents and the assay parameters were programmed on the open channel. The precision and linearity of the method were evaluated using the guidelines of NCCLS EP5A and EP6A, respectively. The test results of this method were compared with those of commercial method using serum samples of patients. Results; The linear range is 2-1000 μg/dL, the total CVs for high value and low value samples are 5. 55% and 7. 49%, respectively. The average recovery is 104% , and the regression equation is,y = 0. 9691x-3. 6437 (r = 0. 9890) . Conclusion: The method is sensitive, accurate, and feasible for serum ion level monitoring.%在Dimension RxL Max全自动生化分析仪的开放通道上用空白试剂盒装载商品化亚铁嗪检测试剂,建立了血清铁的测定体系,并对所建方法进行了方法学评价.结果表明, 该方法的高、低值样本总变异系数分别为5.55%、7.49%,测定线性范围为2~1000μg/dL,平均回收率为104%.实验证明,在该仪器开放通道中运用亚铁嗪法进行血清铁测定是可行的.

  6. A Lex-BFS-based recognition algorithm for Robinsonian matrices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laurent, M.; Seminaroti, M.; Paschos, V.; Widmayer, P.

    2015-01-01

    Robinsonian matrices arise in the classical seriation problem and play an important role in many applications where unsorted similarity (or dissimilarity) information must be re- ordered. We present a new polynomial time algorithm to recognize Robinsonian matrices based on a new characterization of

  7. A Lex-BFS-based recognition algorithm for Robinsonian matrices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Laurent (Monique); M. Seminaroti (Matteo); V. Paschos; P. Widmayer

    2015-01-01

    htmlabstractRobinsonian matrices arise in the classical seriation problem and play an important role in many applications where unsorted similarity (or dissimilarity) information must be re- ordered. We present a new polynomial time algorithm to recognize Robinsonian matrices based on a new characte

  8. Mutation classes of skew-symmetrizable 3x3 matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Seven, Ahmet

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we determine representatives for the mutation classes of skew-symmetrizable 3x3 matrices and associated graphs using a natural minimality condition, generalizing and strengthening results of Beineke-Brustle-Hille and Felikson-Shapiro-Tumarkin. Furthermore, we obtain a new numerical invariant for the mutation operation on skew-symmetrizable matrices of arbitrary size.

  9. The Exponent Set of Central Symmetric Primitive Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈佘喜; 胡亚辉

    2004-01-01

    This paper first establishes a distance inequality of the associated diagraph of a central symmetric primitive matrix, then characters the exponent set of central symmetric primitive matrices, and proves that the exponent set of central symmetric primitive matrices of order n is {1, 2,… ,n-1}. There is no gap in it.

  10. The Modern Origin of Matrices and Their Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, L.

    2014-01-01

    This paper deals with the modern development of matrices, linear transformations, quadratic forms and their applications to geometry and mechanics, eigenvalues, eigenvectors and characteristic equations with applications. Included are the representations of real and complex numbers, and quaternions by matrices, and isomorphism in order to show…

  11. A Lex-BFS-based recognition algorithm for Robinsonian matrices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Laurent (Monique); M. Seminaroti (Matteo); V. Paschos; P. Widmayer

    2015-01-01

    htmlabstractRobinsonian matrices arise in the classical seriation problem and play an important role in many applications where unsorted similarity (or dissimilarity) information must be re- ordered. We present a new polynomial time algorithm to recognize Robinsonian matrices based on a new

  12. The determinants of some multilevel Vandermonde and Toeplitz matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cervellino, A [Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, PSI Villigen and ETH Zuerich, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Ciccariello, S [Dipartimento di Fisica ' G. Galilei' and Unita INFM, Universita di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy)

    2005-11-11

    The closed algebraic expressions of the determinants of some multivariate (multilevel) Vandermonde matrices and the associated Toeplitz/Karle-Hauptman matrices are worked out. The formula can usefully be applied to evaluate the determinant of the Karle-Hauptman matrix generated by a principal basic set of reflections, the knowledge of which determines the full diffraction pattern of an ideal crystal.

  13. Fusion for AdS/CFT boundary S-matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nepomechie, Rafael I. [Physics Department, University of Miami,P.O. Box 248046, Coral Gables, FL 33124 (United States); Pimenta, Rodrigo A. [Physics Department, University of Miami,P.O. Box 248046, Coral Gables, FL 33124 (United States); Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de São Carlos,Caixa Postal 676, CEP 13569-905, São Carlos (Brazil)

    2015-11-24

    We propose a fusion formula for AdS/CFT worldsheet boundary S-matrices. We show that, starting from the fundamental Y=0 boundary S-matrix, this formula correctly reproduces the two-particle bound-state boundary S-matrices.

  14. Revisiting amino acid substitution matrices for identifying distantly related proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Kazunori; Tomii, Kentaro

    2014-02-01

    Although many amino acid substitution matrices have been developed, it has not been well understood which is the best for similarity searches, especially for remote homology detection. Therefore, we collected information related to existing matrices, condensed it and derived a novel matrix that can detect more remote homology than ever. Using principal component analysis with existing matrices and benchmarks, we developed a novel matrix, which we designate as MIQS. The detection performance of MIQS is validated and compared with that of existing general purpose matrices using SSEARCH with optimized gap penalties for each matrix. Results show that MIQS is able to detect more remote homology than the existing matrices on an independent dataset. In addition, the performance of our developed matrix was superior to that of CS-BLAST, which was a novel similarity search method with no amino acid matrix. We also evaluated the alignment quality of matrices and methods, which revealed that MIQS shows higher alignment sensitivity than that with the existing matrix series and CS-BLAST. Fundamentally, these results are expected to constitute good proof of the availability and/or importance of amino acid matrices in sequence analysis. Moreover, with our developed matrix, sophisticated similarity search methods such as sequence-profile and profile-profile comparison methods can be improved further. Newly developed matrices and datasets used for this study are available at http://csas.cbrc.jp/Ssearch/.

  15. The Modern Origin of Matrices and Their Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, L.

    2014-01-01

    This paper deals with the modern development of matrices, linear transformations, quadratic forms and their applications to geometry and mechanics, eigenvalues, eigenvectors and characteristic equations with applications. Included are the representations of real and complex numbers, and quaternions by matrices, and isomorphism in order to show…

  16. Reprint of Testing scattering matrices: a compendium of recipes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hovenier, J.W.; van der Mee, C.V.M.

    2010-01-01

    Scattering matrices describe the transformation of the Stokes parameters of a beam of radiation upon scattering of that beam. The problems of testing scattering matrices for scattering by one particle and for single scattering by an assembly of particles are addressed. The treatment concerns

  17. Sarymsakov matrices and coordination tasks for multi-agent systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xia, Weiguo; Cao, Ming

    2012-01-01

    The convergence of products of stochastic matrices has proven to be critical in establishing the effectiveness of distributed coordination algorithms for multi-agent systems. After reviewing some classic and recent results on infinite backward products of stochastic matrices, we provide a new

  18. Random Matrices, Combinatorics, Numerical Linear Algebra and Complex Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    Littlewood-Offord theorems and the condition number of random discrete matrices, Annals of Mathematics , to appear. [29] T. Tao and V. Vu, The condition...Wigner. On the distribution of the roots of certain symmetric matrices. Annals of Mathematics , 67(2):325327, 1958. Department of Mathematics, Yale, New Haven, CT 06520 E-mail address: van.vu@yale.edu

  19. On Factorization of Coupled Channel Scattering S Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    We investigate the problem on how to factorize a coupled channel scattering S matrix into a product of simple S matrices. Simple S matrix solutions are found, respecting unitarity, analyticity and being real analytic. The phase shift and its physical meaning produced by these simple S matrices are discussed.

  20. Topological algebras of rapidly decreasing matrices and generalizations

    CERN Document Server

    Glockner, Helge

    2010-01-01

    It is a folklore fact that the rapidly decreasing matrices of countable size form an associative topological algebra whose set of quasi-invertible elements is open, and such that the quasi-inversion map is continuous. We provide a direct proof, which applies more generally to a large class of algebras of weighted matrices with entries in a Banach algebra.

  1. Density of Eigenvalues of Random Normal Matrices with an Arbitrary Potential, and of Generalized Normal Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Etingof

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Following the works by Wiegmann-Zabrodin, Elbau-Felder, Hedenmalm-Makarov, and others, we consider the normal matrix model with an arbitrary potential function, and explain how the problem of finding the support domain for the asymptotic eigenvalue density of such matrices (when the size of the matrices goes to infinity is related to the problem of Hele-Shaw flows on curved surfaces, considered by Entov and the first author in 1990-s. In the case when the potential function is the sum of a rotationally invariant function and the real part of a polynomial of the complex coordinate, we use this relation and the conformal mapping method developed by Entov and the first author to find the shape of the support domain explicitly (up to finitely many undetermined parameters, which are to be found from a finite system of equations. In the case when the rotationally invariant function is βz^2, this is done by Wiegmann-Zabrodin and Elbau-Felder. We apply our results to the generalized normal matrix model, which deals with random block matrices that give rise to *-representations of the deformed preprojective algebra of the affine quiver of type Â_{m-1}. We show that this model is equivalent to the usual normal matrix model in the large N limit. Thus the conformal mapping method can be applied to find explicitly the support domain for the generalized normal matrix model.

  2. Time series, correlation matrices and random matrix models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vinayak [Instituto de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, C.P. 62210 Cuernavaca (Mexico); Seligman, Thomas H. [Instituto de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, C.P. 62210 Cuernavaca, México and Centro Internacional de Ciencias, C.P. 62210 Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    2014-01-08

    In this set of five lectures the authors have presented techniques to analyze open classical and quantum systems using correlation matrices. For diverse reasons we shall see that random matrices play an important role to describe a null hypothesis or a minimum information hypothesis for the description of a quantum system or subsystem. In the former case various forms of correlation matrices of time series associated with the classical observables of some system. The fact that such series are necessarily finite, inevitably introduces noise and this finite time influence lead to a random or stochastic component in these time series. By consequence random correlation matrices have a random component, and corresponding ensembles are used. In the latter we use random matrices to describe high temperature environment or uncontrolled perturbations, ensembles of differing chaotic systems etc. The common theme of the lectures is thus the importance of random matrix theory in a wide range of fields in and around physics.

  3. The semi-dynamical reflection equation: solutions and structure matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avan, J; Zambon, C [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modelisation, Universite de Cergy-Pontoise (CNRS UMR 8089), Saint-Martin 2 avenue Adolphe Chauvin, 95302 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex (France)], E-mail: avan@u-cergy.fr, E-mail: cristina.zambon@u-cergy.fr

    2008-05-16

    Explicit solutions of the non-constant semi-dynamical reflection equation are constructed, together with suitable parametrizations of their structure matrices. Considering the semi-dynamical reflection equation with rational non-constant Arutyunov-Chekhov-Frolov structure matrices, and a specific meromorphic ansatz, it is found that only two sets of the previously found constant solutions are extendible to the non-constant case. In order to simplify future constructions of spin-chain Hamiltonians, a parametrization procedure is applied explicitly to all elements of the semi-dynamical reflection equation available. Interesting expressions for 'twists' and R-matrices entering the parametrization procedure are found. In particular, some expressions for the R-matrices seem to appear here for the first time. In addition, a new set of consistent structure matrices for the semi-dynamical reflection equation is obtained.

  4. A Deep Search for Pulsations from the Nearby Isolated Neutron Star RX J1856.5-3754

    CERN Document Server

    Ransom, S M; Slane, P O; Ransom, Scott M.; Gaensler, Bryan M.; Slane, Patrick O.

    2004-01-01

    We present the results of a deep search for pulsations from the nearby isolated neutron star RX J1856.5-3754 using the 450 ks Director's Discretionary Time (DDT) Chandra LETG/HRC-S observation completed on 2001 Oct 15. No pulsations were detected. We find a 99% confidence upper limit on the pulsed fraction of ~4.4% for worst-case sinusoidal pulsations with frequency <~50 Hz and frequency derivatives -5x10^-10 <= f-dot <= 0 Hz/s. This lack of detection is consistent with a neutron star with R ~ 6 km and M ~ 1Msun at a distance ~60 pc, as determined by Pons et al., 2002. The strong gravitational field of such a star sufficiently deflects X-ray emission from the emitting regions so as to prevent significant modulation of the signal.

  5. Fine-structure of nonthermal X-rays in the Chandra image of SNR RX J1713.7-3946

    CERN Document Server

    Uchiyama, Y; Takahashi, T

    2003-01-01

    We present morphological and spectroscopic studies of the northwest rim of the supernova remnant RX J1713.7-3946 based on observations by the Chandra X-ray observatory. We found a complex network of nonthermal (synchrotron) X-ray filaments, as well as a 'void' type structure -- a dim region of a circular shape -- in the northwest rim. It is remarkable that despite distinct brightness variations, the X-ray spectra everywhere in this region can be well fitted with a power-law model with photon index around 2.3. We briefly discuss some implications of these results and argue that the resolved X-ray features in the northwest rim may challenge the perceptions of standard (diffusive shock-acceleration) models concerning the production, propagation and radiation of relativistic particles in supernova remnants.

  6. Energy resolution of a silicon detector with the RX64 ASIC designed for X-ray imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bollini, D.; Cabal Rodriguez, A.E.; Dabrowski, W.; Diaz Garcia, A.; Gambaccini, M.; Giubellino, P.; Grybos, P.; Idzik, M.; Marzari-Chiesa, A.; Montano, L.M.; Prino, F.; Ramello, L. E-mail: ramello@to.infn.it; Sitta, M.; Swientek, K.; Wheadon, R.; Wiacek, P

    2003-12-11

    Results from a silicon microstrip detector coupled to the RX64 ASIC are presented. The system is capable of single photon counting in digital X-ray imaging, with foreseen applications to dual energy mammography and angiography. The main features of the detecting system are low noise (operation with threshold as low as {approx}4 keV is possible), good spatial resolution (a pixel of 100 {mu}mx300 {mu}m when oriented edge-on) and good counting rate capability (up to one million counts per channel with a maximum rate of about 200 kHz per channel). The energy resolution of the system, as obtained with several fluorescence X-ray lines, is described.

  7. Rx j0513.9-6951 and v sagittae: accretion wind evolution, a Key evolutionary process to type IA supernovae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izumi Hachisu

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se propone un nuevo modelo auto-consistente de las variaciones de larga duraci on de la curva de luz de las fuentes supersuaves de rayos X RX J0513.96951 y V Sge, basado un un modelo de viento opticamente espeso de las enanas blancas acrecientes (WDs. Cuando la tasa de masa acrecida excede el cr tico valor de 1 106M yr1, fuertes vientos opticamente espesos comienzan a surgir desde la enana blanca, de tal manera que se evita la formaci on de una envolvente com un. La WD puede acrecer y quemar material rico en hidr ogeno en la super cie de la enana blanca en la tasa cr tica. El exceso de materia transferida a la WD por encima de ese valor cr tico es expelido por vientos. Esto se denomina \\accretion wind evolution". Este proceso de eyecci on, sin embargo, ocurre intermitentemente debido a que la transferencia de masa es atenuada por fuertes vientos: estos fuertes vientos colisionan con la super cie de la secundaria desnud andola de su capa super cial. Formulando propiamente este efecto de p erdida de masa y el consiguiente decaimiento del ritmo de transferencia de masa, somos capaces de reproducir la transici on entre los estados de alta luminosidad en el optico/presencia de rayos X y baja luminosidad en el optico/ausencia de rayos X, de las fuentes de rayos X supersuaves RX J0513.96951 y V Sge. Esos dos objetos son los primeros ejemplos de \\acretion wind evolution", lo cual es una clave en el proceso evolutivo de la trayectoria de evoluci n reci n desarrollada por las supernovas de tipo Ia

  8. H-MATRICES AND S-DOUBLY DIAGONALLY DOMINANT MATRICES%H-矩阵和S-双对角占优矩阵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨月婷; 徐成贤

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, the concept of the s-doubly diagonally dominant matrices is introduced and the properties of these matrices are discussed. With the properties of the s-doubly diagonally dominant matrices and the properties of comparison matrices, some equivalent conditions for H-matrices are presented. These conditions generalize and improve existing results about the equivalent conditions for H-matrices. Applications and examples using these new equivalent conditions are also presented, and a new inclusion region of k-multiple eigenvalues of matrices is obtained.

  9. Mechanically implementable accommodation matrices for passive force control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goswami, A. [Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Center for Human Modeling and Simulation; Peshkin, M. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1999-08-01

    Robot force control implemented by means of passive mechanical devices has inherent advantages over active implementations with regard to stability, response rapidity, and physical robustness. The class of devices considered in this paper consists of a Stewart platform-type mechanism interconnected with a network of adjustable mechanical elements such as springs and dampers. The control law repertoire of such a device, imagined as a robot wrist, is given by the range of admittance matrices that it may be programmed to possess. This paper focuses on wrists incorporating damper networks for which the admittance matrices reduce to accommodation or inverse-damping matrices. The authors show that a hydraulic network of fully adjustable damper elements may attain any diagonally dominant accommodation matrix. They describe the technique of selecting the individual damping coefficients to design a desired matrix. They identify the set of dominant matrices as a polyhedral convex cone in the space of matrix entries, and show that each dominant matrix can be composed of a positive linear combination of a fixed set of basis matrices. The overall wrist-accommodation matrix is obtained by projecting the accommodation matrix of the damper network through the wrist kinematics. The linear combination of the dominant basis matrices projected through the wrist kinematics generates the entire space of mechanically implementable force-control laws. The authors quantify the versatility of mechanically implementable force-control laws by comparing this space to the space of all matrices.

  10. Limits of spiked random matrices II

    CERN Document Server

    Bloemendal, Alex

    2011-01-01

    The top eigenvalues of rank r spiked real Wishart matrices and additively perturbed Gaussian orthogonal ensembles are known to exhibit a phase transition in the large size limit. We show that they have limiting distributions for near-critical perturbations, fully resolving the conjecture of Baik, Ben Arous and P\\'ech\\'e (2005). The starting point is a new (2r+1)-diagonal form that is algebraically natural to the problem; for both models it converges to a certain random Schr\\"odinger operator on the half-line with r x r matrix-valued potential. The perturbation determines the boundary condition, and the low-lying eigenvalues describe the limit jointly over all perturbations in a fixed subspace. We treat the real, complex and quaternion (beta = 1,2,4) cases simultaneously. We also characterize the limit laws in terms of a diffusion related to Dyson's Brownian motion, and further in terms of a linear parabolic PDE; here beta is simply a parameter. At beta = 2 the PDE appears to reconcile with known Painlev\\'e fo...

  11. NOTE ON REGULAR D-OPTIMAL MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李乔良

    2003-01-01

    Let A be aj ×d (0,1) matrix. It is known that ifj = 2k-1is odd, then det(AAT) ≤(j+1)((j+1)d/4j)j; ifj is even, then det(AAT) ≤ (j+1)((j+2)d/4(j+1))j. A is called a regularD-optimal matrix if it satisfies the equality of the above bounds. In this note, it is proved thatifj = 2k - 1 is odd, then A is a regular D-optimal matrix if and only if A is the adjacent matrixof a (2k - 1, k, (j + 1)d/4j)-BIBD; if j = 2k is even, then A is a regular D-optimal matrix ifand only if A can be obtained from the adjacent matrix B of a (2k + 1, k + 1, (j + 2)d/4(j + 1))-BIBD by deleting any one row from B. Three 21 × 42 regular D-optimal matrices, which wereunknown in [11], are also provided.

  12. Generalized graph states based on Hadamard matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cui, Shawn X. [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Yu, Nengkun [Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1 (Canada); UTS-AMSS Joint Research Laboratory for Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Processing, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Zeng, Bei [Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1 (Canada); Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1Z8 (Canada)

    2015-07-15

    Graph states are widely used in quantum information theory, including entanglement theory, quantum error correction, and one-way quantum computing. Graph states have a nice structure related to a certain graph, which is given by either a stabilizer group or an encoding circuit, both can be directly given by the graph. To generalize graph states, whose stabilizer groups are abelian subgroups of the Pauli group, one approach taken is to study non-abelian stabilizers. In this work, we propose to generalize graph states based on the encoding circuit, which is completely determined by the graph and a Hadamard matrix. We study the entanglement structures of these generalized graph states and show that they are all maximally mixed locally. We also explore the relationship between the equivalence of Hadamard matrices and local equivalence of the corresponding generalized graph states. This leads to a natural generalization of the Pauli (X, Z) pairs, which characterizes the local symmetries of these generalized graph states. Our approach is also naturally generalized to construct graph quantum codes which are beyond stabilizer codes.

  13. Striations in PageRank-Ordered Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Pennycuff, Corey

    2016-01-01

    Patterns often appear in a variety of large, real-world networks, and interesting physical phenomena are often explained by network topology as in the case of the bow-tie structure of the World Wide Web, or the small world phenomenon in social networks. The discovery and modelling of such regular patterns has a wide application from disease propagation to financial markets. In this work we describe a newly discovered regularly occurring striation pattern found in the PageRank ordering of adjacency matrices that encode real-world networks. We demonstrate that these striations are the result of well-known graph generation processes resulting in regularities that are manifest in the typical neighborhood distribution. The spectral view explored in this paper encodes a tremendous amount about the explicit and implicit topology of a given network, so we also discuss the interesting network properties, outliers and anomalies that a viewer can determine from a brief look at the re-ordered matrix.

  14. On some Toeplitz matrices and their inversions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Dutta

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, using the difference operator B(a[m], we introduce a lower triangular Toeplitz matrix T which includes several difference matrices such as Δ(1,Δ(m,B(r,s,B(r,s,t, and B(r̃,s̃,t̃,ũ in different special cases. For any x ∈ w and m∈N0={0,1,2,…}, the difference operator B(a[m] is defined by (B(a[m]xk=ak(0xk+ak-1(1xk-1+ak-2(2xk-2+⋯+ak-m(mxk-m,(k∈N0 where a[m] = {a(0, a(1, …, a(m} and a(i = (ak(i for 0 ⩽ i ⩽ m are convergent sequences of real numbers. We use the convention that any term with negative subscript is equal to zero. The main results of this article relate to the determination and applications of the inverse of the Toeplitz matrix T.

  15. Visualizing complex (hydrological) systems with correlation matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, J. C.

    2016-12-01

    When trying to understand or visualize the connections of different aspects of a complex system, this often requires deeper understanding to start with, or - in the case of geo data - complicated GIS software. To our knowledge, correlation matrices have rarely been used in hydrology (e.g. Stoll et al., 2011; van Loon and Laaha, 2015), yet they do provide an interesting option for data visualization and analysis. We present a simple, python based way - using a river catchment as an example - to visualize correlations and similarities in an easy and colorful way. We apply existing and easy to use python packages from various disciplines not necessarily linked to the Earth sciences and can thus quickly show how different aquifers work or react, and identify outliers, enabling this system to also be used for quality control of large datasets. Going beyond earlier work, we add a temporal and spatial element, enabling us to visualize how a system reacts to local phenomena such as for example a river, or changes over time, by visualizing the passing of time in an animated movie. References: van Loon, A.F., Laaha, G.: Hydrological drought severity explained by climate and catchment characteristics, Journal of Hydrology 526, 3-14, 2015, Drought processes, modeling, and mitigation Stoll, S., Hendricks Franssen, H. J., Barthel, R., Kinzelbach, W.: What can we learn from long-term groundwater data to improve climate change impact studies?, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 15(12), 3861-3875, 2011

  16. Random matrices as models for the statistics of quantum mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casati, Giulio; Guarneri, Italo; Mantica, Giorgio

    1986-05-01

    Random matrices from the Gaussian unitary ensemble generate in a natural way unitary groups of evolution in finite-dimensional spaces. The statistical properties of this time evolution can be investigated by studying the time autocorrelation functions of dynamical variables. We prove general results on the decay properties of such autocorrelation functions in the limit of infinite-dimensional matrices. We discuss the relevance of random matrices as models for the dynamics of quantum systems that are chaotic in the classical limit. Permanent address: Dipartimento di Fisica, Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano, Italy.

  17. On the asymptotic distribution of block-modified random matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arizmendi, Octavio, E-mail: octavius@cimat.mx [Department of Probability and Statistics, CIMAT, Guanajuato (Mexico); Nechita, Ion, E-mail: nechita@irsamc.ups-tlse.fr [Zentrum Mathematik, M5, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstrasse 3, 85748 Garching, Germany and CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, IRSAMC, Université de Toulouse, UPS, F-31062 Toulouse (France); Vargas, Carlos, E-mail: obieta@math.tugraz.at [Department of Mathematical Structure Theory, Technische Universität Graz, Steyrergasse 30/III, 8010 Graz (Austria)

    2016-01-15

    We study random matrices acting on tensor product spaces which have been transformed by a linear block operation. Using operator-valued free probability theory, under some mild assumptions on the linear map acting on the blocks, we compute the asymptotic eigenvalue distribution of the modified matrices in terms of the initial asymptotic distribution. Moreover, using recent results on operator-valued subordination, we present an algorithm that computes, numerically but in full generality, the limiting eigenvalue distribution of the modified matrices. Our analytical results cover many cases of interest in quantum information theory: we unify some known results and we obtain new distributions and various generalizations.

  18. Kerov's interlacing sequences and random matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bufetov, Alexey, E-mail: alexey.bufetov@gmail.com [Institute for Information Transmission Problems, Independent University of Moscow and Higher School of Economics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2013-11-15

    To a N × N real symmetric matrix Kerov assigns a piecewise linear function whose local minima are the eigenvalues of this matrix and whose local maxima are the eigenvalues of its (N − 1) × (N − 1) submatrix. We study the scaling limit of Kerov's piecewise linear functions for Wigner and Wishart matrices. For Wigner matrices the scaling limit is given by the Verhik-Kerov-Logan-Shepp curve which is known from asymptotic representation theory. For Wishart matrices the scaling limit is also explicitly found, and we explain its relation to the Marchenko-Pastur limit spectral law.

  19. ANOVA like analysis for structured families of stochastic matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Cristina; Santos, Carla; Varadinov, Maria; Mexia, João T.

    2016-12-01

    Symmetric stochastic matrices width a width a dominant eigenvalue λ and the corresponding eigenvector α appears in many applications. Such matrices can be written as M =λ α αt+E¯. Thus β = λ α will be the structure vector. When the matrices in such families correspond to the treatments of a base design we can carry out a ANOVA like analysis of the action of the treatments in the model on the structured vectors. This analysis can be transversal-when we worked width homologous components and - longitudinal when we consider contrast on the components of each structure vector. The analysis will be briefly considered at the end of our presentation.

  20. Lipschitz correspondence between metric measure spaces and random distance matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Gadgil, Siddhartha

    2011-01-01

    Given a metric space with a Borel probability measure, for each integer $N$ we obtain a probability distribution on $N\\times N$ distance matrices by considering the distances between pairs of points in a sample consisting of $N$ points chosen indepenedently from the metric space with respect to the given measure. We show that this gives an asymptotically bi-Lipschitz relation between metric measure spaces and the corresponding distance matrices. This is an effective version of a result of Vershik that metric measure spaces are determined by associated distributions on infinite random matrices.

  1. Almost P-Matrices%Almost P-矩阵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯素梅

    2002-01-01

    实矩阵A称为是almostP-矩阵,如果A的行列式是正的,而所有真主子式是负的.本文给出了almostP-矩阵的一些性质以及almostP-矩阵与弱almostP-矩阵之间的关系.%An almost P-matrix A is one with real entries whose determinant is negative and all proper minors are positive. Obtain some properties for almost P-matrices, and the relationship between almost P-matrices and weak almost P-matrices.

  2. User-Friendly Tools for Random Matrices: An Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    The set of positive-semidefinite matrices with size d forms a closed, convex cone in the real- linear space of Hermitian matrices of dimension d...valued function h on matrices that is concave or convex. The expectation of a random matrix can be viewed as a convex combination, and the cone of...hope shatters when we subject it to interrogation. It is not hard to find the reason that (3.3.2) fails. Note that the identity (3.3.1) depends on the

  3. The underexposed role of food matrices in probiotic products: Reviewing the relationship between carrier matrices and product parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flach, Joost; van der Waal, Mark B; van den Nieuwboer, Maurits; Claassen, Eric; Larsen, Olaf F A

    2017-06-13

    Probiotic microorganisms are increasingly incorporated into food matrices in order to confer proposed health benefits on the consumer. It is important that the health benefits, sensory properties, shelf-life and probiotic gastrointestinal tract (GIT) survival of these products are carefully balanced as they determine functionality and drive consumer acceptance. The strain-specific effects of probiotic species are imperative in this process but carrier matrices may play a pivotal role as well. This study therefore recapitulates the wealth of knowledge on carrier matrices and their interaction with probiotic strains. The most substantiated carrier matrices, factors that influence probiotic functionality and matrix effects on shelf-life, GIT survival and clinical efficacy are reviewed. Results indicate that carrier matrices have a significant impact on the quality of probiotic products. Matrix components, such as proteins, carbohydrates and flavoring agents are shown to alter probiotic efficacy and viability. In vivo studies furthermore revealed strain-dependent matrix effects on the GIT survival of probiotic bacteria. However, only a limited number of studies have specifically addressed the effects of carrier matrices on the aforementioned product-parameters; most studies seem to focus solely on the strain-specific effects of probiotic microorganisms. This hampers the innovation of probiotic products. More human studies, comparing not only different probiotic strains but different carrier matrices as well, are needed to drive the innovation cycle.

  4. Minus order of matrices over division ring and its properties%体上矩阵的减序及其性质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      定义了体上矩阵减序,将减序推广到任意有单位元的环上矩阵,并对其性质作了一个简明的讨论。应用体上矩阵理论,证明了体上矩阵减序的5个充要条件。%The benefit of this definition is that the minus partial order was extended to matrices over any ring with identity element. The properties was discussed concisely for the minus partial order of matrices over a division ring. Applying the theory of matrices over a division ring, 5 sufficient and necessary conditions for the minus partial order of matrix over division ring were proven.

  5. ON THE STIFFNESS OF DEMINERALIZED DENTIN MATRICES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryou, Heonjune; Turco, Gianluca; Breschi, Lorenzo; Tay, Franklin R.; Pashley, David H.; Arola, Dwayne

    2015-01-01

    Resin bonding to dentin requires the use of self-etching primers or acid etching to decalcify the surface and expose a layer of collagen fibrils of the dentin matrix. Acid-etching reduces the stiffness of demineralized dentin from approximately 19 GPa to 1 MPa, requiring that it floats in water to prevent it from collapsing during bonding procedures. Several publications show that crosslinking agents like gluteraladehyde, carbodiimide or grape seed extract can stiffen collagen and improve resin-dentin bond strength. Objective The objective was to assess a new approach for evaluating the changes in stiffness of decalcified dentin by polar solvents and a collagen cross-linker. Methods Fully demineralized dentin beams and sections of etched coronal dentin were subjected to indentation loading using a cylindrical flat indenter in water, and after treatment with ethanol or ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC). The stiffness was measured as a function of strain and as a function of loading rate from 1 to 50 µm/sec. Results At a strain of 0.25% the elastic modulus of the fully demineralized dentin was approximately 0.20 MPa. It increased to over 0.90 MPa at strains of 1%. Exposure to ethanol caused an increase in elastic modulus of up to four times. Increasing the loading rate from 1 to 50 µm/sec caused an increase in the apparent modulus of up to three times in both water and ethanol. EDC treatment caused increases in the stiffness in fully demineralized samples and in acid-etched demineralized dentin surfaces in situ. Significance Changes in the mechanical behavior of demineralized collagen matrices can be measured effectively under hydration via indentation with cylindrical flat indenters. This approach can be used for quantifying the effects of bonding treatments on the properties of decalcified dentin after acid etching, as well as to follow the loss of stiffness over time due to enzymatic degradation. PMID:26747822

  6. Super Fuzzy Matrices and Super Fuzzy Models for Social Scientists

    CERN Document Server

    Kandasamy, W B Vasantha; Amal, K

    2008-01-01

    This book introduces the concept of fuzzy super matrices and operations on them. This book will be highly useful to social scientists who wish to work with multi-expert models. Super fuzzy models using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, Fuzzy Relational Maps, Bidirectional Associative Memories and Fuzzy Associative Memories are defined here. The authors introduce 13 multi-expert models using the notion of fuzzy supermatrices. These models are described with illustrative examples. This book has three chapters. In the first chaper, the basic concepts about super matrices and fuzzy super matrices are recalled. Chapter two introduces the notion of fuzzy super matrices adn their properties. The final chapter introduces many super fuzzy multi expert models.

  7. Transfer matrices of dipoles with bending radius variation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    With the increasing demand of high brightness in light source, the uniform dipole can not meet the needs of low emittance, and thus the dipole with bending radius variation is introduced in this paper. The transfer matrix of a non-uniform dipole whose bending radius is linearly changed is chosen as an example and a very simple calculation formula of non-uniform dipole transfer matrices is given. The transfer matrices of some common profile non-uniform dipoles are also listed. The comparison of these transfer matrices and the matrices calculated with slices method verifies the numerical accuracy of this formula. This method can make the non-uniform beam dynamic problem simpler, very helpful for emittance research and lattice design with non-uniform dipoles.

  8. Systems of Differential Equations with Skew-Symmetric, Orthogonal Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaister, P.

    2008-01-01

    The solution of a system of linear, inhomogeneous differential equations is discussed. The particular class considered is where the coefficient matrix is skew-symmetric and orthogonal, and where the forcing terms are sinusoidal. More general matrices are also considered.

  9. Hopf monoids from class functions on unitriangular matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Aguiar, Marcelo; Thiem, Nathaniel

    2012-01-01

    We build, from the collection of all groups of unitriangular matrices, Hopf monoids in Joyal's category of species. Such structure is carried by the collection of class function spaces on those groups, and also by the collection of superclass function spaces, in the sense of Diaconis and Isaacs. Superclasses of unitriangular matrices admit a simple description from which we deduce a combinatorial model for the Hopf monoid of superclass functions, in terms of the Hadamard product of the Hopf monoids of linear orders and of set partitions. This implies a recent result relating the Hopf algebra of superclass functions on unitriangular matrices to symmetric functions in noncommuting variables. We determine the algebraic structure of the Hopf monoid: it is a free monoid in species, with the canonical Hopf structure. As an application, we derive certain estimates on the number of conjugacy classes of unitriangular matrices.

  10. 矩阵逆半群%Inverse Semigroups of Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱用文

    2008-01-01

    We discuss some fundamental properties of inverse semigroups of matrices, and prove that the idempotents of such a semigroup constitute a subsemilattice of a finite Boolean lattice,and that the inverse semigroups of some matrices with the same rank are groups. At last, we determine completely the construction of the inverse semigroups of some 2 x 2 matrices: such a semigroup is isomorphic to a linear group of dimension 2 or a null-adjoined group, or is afinite semilattice of Abelian linear groups of finite dimension, or satisfies some other properties.The necessary and sufficient conditions are given that the sets consisting of some 2 × 2 matrices become inverse semigroups.

  11. Large deviations of the maximal eigenvalue of random matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Borot, Gaëtan; Majumdar, Satya; Nadal, Céline

    2011-01-01

    We present detailed computations of the 'at least finite' terms (three dominant orders) of the free energy in a one-cut matrix model with a hard edge a, in beta-ensembles, with any polynomial potential. beta is a positive number, so not restricted to the standard values beta = 1 (hermitian matrices), beta = 1/2 (symmetric matrices), beta = 2 (quaternionic self-dual matrices). This model allows to study the statistic of the maximum eigenvalue of random matrices. We compute the large deviation function to the left of the expected maximum. We specialize our results to the gaussian beta-ensembles and check them numerically. Our method is based on general results and procedures already developed in the literature to solve the Pastur equations (also called "loop equations"). It allows to compute the left tail of the analog of Tracy-Widom laws for any beta, including the constant term.

  12. Systems of Differential Equations with Skew-Symmetric, Orthogonal Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaister, P.

    2008-01-01

    The solution of a system of linear, inhomogeneous differential equations is discussed. The particular class considered is where the coefficient matrix is skew-symmetric and orthogonal, and where the forcing terms are sinusoidal. More general matrices are also considered.

  13. Racah matrices and hidden integrability in evolution of knots

    CERN Document Server

    Mironov, A; Morozov, An; Sleptsov, A

    2016-01-01

    We construct a general procedure to extract the exclusive Racah matrices S and \\bar S from the inclusive 3-strand mixing matrices by the evolution method and apply it to the first simple representations R =[1], [2], [3] and [2,2]. The matrices S and \\bar S relate respectively the maps (R\\otimes R)\\otimes \\bar R\\longrightarrow R with R\\otimes (R \\otimes \\bar R) \\longrightarrow R and (R\\otimes \\bar R) \\otimes R \\longrightarrow R with R\\otimes (\\bar R \\otimes R) \\longrightarrow R. They are building blocks for the colored HOMFLY polynomials of arbitrary arborescent (double fat) knots. Remarkably, the calculation realizes an unexpected integrability property underlying the evolution matrices.

  14. Determinant and inverse of join matrices on two sets

    CERN Document Server

    Mattila, Mika

    2011-01-01

    Let $(P,\\preceq)$ be a lattice and $f$ a complex-valued function on $P$. We define meet and join matrices on two arbitrary subsets $X$ and $Y$ of $P$ by $(X,Y)_f=(f(x_i\\wedge y_j))$ and $[X,Y]_f=(f(x_i\\vee x_j))$ respectively. Here we present expressions for the determinant and the inverse of $[X,Y]_f$. Our main goal is to cover the case when $f$ is not semimultiplicative since the formulas presented earlier for $[X,Y]_f$ cannot be applied in this situation. In cases when $f$ is semimultiplicative we obtain several new and known formulas for the determinant and inverse of $(X,Y)_f$ and the usual meet and join matrices $(S)_f$ and $[S]_f$. We also apply these formulas to LCM, MAX, GCD and MIN matrices, which are special cases of join and meet matrices.

  15. Automorphisms of sl(2) and dynamical r-matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Tsiganov, A V

    1996-01-01

    Two outer automorphisms of infinite-dimensional representations of $sl(2)$ algebra are considered. The similar constructions for the loop algebras and yangians are presented. The corresponding linear and quadratic $R$-brackets include the dynamical $r$-matrices.

  16. The Dirac operator and gamma matrices for quantum Minkowski spaces

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Gamma matrices for quantum Minkowski spaces are found. The invariance of the corresponding Dirac operator is proven. We introduce momenta for spin 1/2 particles and get (in certain cases) formal solutions of the Dirac equation.

  17. Synbiotic matrices derived from plant oligosaccharides and polysaccharides

    Science.gov (United States)

    A porous synbiotic matrix was prepared by lyophilization of alginate and pectin or fructan oligosaccharides and polysaccharides cross-linked with calcium. These synbiotic matrices were excellent physical structures to support the growth of Lactobacillus acidophilus (1426) and Lactobacillus reuteri (...

  18. Morphic images of binary words and Parikh matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isawasan, Pradeep; Venkat, Ibrahim; Subramanian, K. G.; Sarmin, Nor Haniza

    2014-07-01

    A word is a finite sequence of symbols. Parikh matrix of a word, introduced by Mateescu et al (2000), has become an effective tool in the study of certain numerical properties of words based on subwords. There have been several investigations on various properties of Parikh matrices such as M-ambiguity, M-equivalence, subword equalities and inequalities, commutativity and so on. Recently, Parikh matrices of words that are images under certain morphisms have been studied for their properties. On the other hand, Parikh matrices of words involving a certain ratio property called weak-ratio property have been investigated by Subramanian et al (2009). Here we consider two special morphisms called Fibonacci and Tribonacci morphisms and obtain properties of Parikh matrices of images of binary words under these morphisms, utilizing the notion of weak-ratio property.

  19. A SURVEY ON SEMI-TENSOR PRODUCT OF MATRICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Daizhan CHENG; Hongsheng QI; Ancheng XUE

    2007-01-01

    Semi-tensor product of matrices is a generalization of conventional matrix product for the case when the two factor matrices do not meet the dimension matching condition. It was firstly proposed about ten years ago. Since then it has been developed and applied to several different fields.In this paper we will first give a brief introduction. Then give a survey on its applications to dynamic systems, to logic, to differential geometry, to abstract algebra, respectively.

  20. Maximum-likelihood estimation prevents unphysical Mueller matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Aiello, A; Voigt, D; Woerdman, J P

    2005-01-01

    We show that the method of maximum-likelihood estimation, recently introduced in the context of quantum process tomography, can be applied to the determination of Mueller matrices characterizing the polarization properties of classical optical systems. Contrary to linear reconstruction algorithms, the proposed method yields physically acceptable Mueller matrices even in presence of uncontrolled experimental errors. We illustrate the method on the case of an unphysical measured Mueller matrix taken from the literature.