WorldWideScience

Sample records for defense uniform national

  1. Surfing China's National Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Guilin

    2010-01-01

    @@ Following the start of its first test run on August 20, 2009, the website www.mod.gov.cn of the Ministry of National Defense (MOD) of the People's Republic of China has logged more than 2 billion hits,from many countries and regions including China, the United States,the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia and Singapore. China National Defense News reporters recently interviewed Ji Guilin, the website's Editor in Chief, on its performance and the feedback of netizens.

  2. 75 FR 76423 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  3. 76 FR 28960 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  4. Surfing China’s National Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Following the start of its first test run on August 20, 2009, the website www.mod.gov.cn of the Ministry of National Defense (MOD) of the People’s Republic of China has logged more than 2 billion hits, from many countries and regions including China, the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia and Singapore. China National Defense News reporters recently interviewed Ji Guilin, the website’s Editor in Chief, on its performance and the feedback of netizens.

  5. Energy and the national defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucknell, H. III

    1981-01-01

    An overview of the US energy situation and its attendant policy problems, this book surveys the availability of different forms and sources of energy. It reviews alternatives to heavy reliance on oil and natural gas, the inseparability of political and economic factors during a transition period, the linkage of domestic and foreign policy, worldwide ramifications of the energy problem, the consequences of policy failures for the prospects of war and peace, and the energy problem as a test of the way the US national policymaking system functions. While the most unsettling discussion relates to the possibilities of energy wars in the Persian Gulf and elsewhere, attention is also given to questions of industrial vigor, high food production, environmental safety, and domestic peace and freedom. A hopeful conclusion stresses the importance of individual effort as the baseline for the democratic system. 378 references, 24 figures, 7 tables.

  6. Defense Acquisition Policy and Defense Industrial Base Reinforcement Strategy - Enhancing the International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-23

    Korea Defense Industry Association (KDIA). (2007). Annual management review of Korean Defense Industry. Seoul: Author. Lee, D.O. (2000...COMPETITIVENESS OF THE KOREAN NATIONAL DEFENSE INDUSTRY Published: 23 April 2008 by Dr. Dae Ok Lee 5th Annual Acquisition Research Symposium of the...International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d

  7. Beryllium--important for national defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boland, M.A.

    2012-01-01

    Beryllium is one of the lightest and stiffest metals, but there was little industrial demand for it until the 1930s and 1940s when the aerospace, defense, and nuclear sectors began using beryllium and its compounds. Beryllium is now classified by the U.S. Department of Defense as a strategic and critical material because it is used in products that are vital to national security. The oxide form of beryllium was identified in 1797, and scientists first isolated metallic beryllium in 1828. The United States is the world's leading source of beryllium. A single mine at Spor Mountain, Utah, produced more than 85 percent of the beryllium mined worldwide in 2010. China produced most of the remainder, and less than 2 percent came from Mozambique and other countries. National stockpiles also provide significant amounts of beryllium for processing. To help predict where future beryllium supplies might be located, U.S.Geological Survey (USGS) scientists study how and where beryllium resources are concentrated in Earth's crust and use that knowledge to assess the likelihood that undiscovered beryllium resources may exist. Techniques to assess mineral resources have been developed by the USGS to support the stewardship of Federal lands and to better evaluate mineral resource availability in a global context. The USGS also compiles statistics and information on the worldwide supply of, demand for, and flow of beryllium. These data are used to inform U.S. national policymaking.

  8. 77 FR 32952 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board...

  9. 75 FR 15695 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; Board of Visitors National Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... Defense gives notice that it is renewing the charter for the Board of Visitors National Defense University (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jim Freeman, Deputy Committee... of the Secretary Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; Board of...

  10. NPS Defense Management Expert Elected to ASPA National Council

    OpenAIRE

    Honegger, Barbara

    2007-01-01

    Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) George F. A. Wagner Professor of Public Management Lawrence R. "Larry" Jnoes, a world renowned expert on defense budgeting and financial management, has been elected to National Council of the American Society for Public Administration (ASPA),

  11. National Defense Budget Estimates for FY 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Military Construction, Navy Reserve 21,708 26,299 26,299 26,299 Military Construction, Air Force Reserve 25,986 33,620 33,620 33,620 Chemical Demil ...Air Force Reserve 7,634 Chemical Demil Construction, Defense 75,312 13,071,701 Appropriation 13,071,701 Budget Authority 13,071,701 TOA...7.00 3.00 Defense Prod Act 59.00 25.00 16.00 Chemical Demil 53.00 30.00 15.00 2.00 RDT&E Army 34.28 48.72 11.33 3.17 1.70 0.80 Navy 36.87 50.51 9.82

  12. 78 FR 90 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Intelligence University, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the National Intelligence University Board of Visitors has been scheduled...

  13. 78 FR 32241 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board of Visitors; Notice of Closed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board of Visitors; Notice of Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Intelligence University, Defense Intelligence Agency... given that a closed meeting of the National Intelligence University Board of Visitors has been...

  14. Using the Oldest Military Force for the Newest National Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Claus

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The National Guard is establishing Cyber Mission Teams (CMT that will fulfill a federal role to backfill active duty defending Department of Defense networks, but are also exploring how they could effectively fulfill state missions. The President, Council of Governors, and USCYBERCOM Commander have expressed concerns about U.S. critical infrastructure cyber network vulnerabilities and the increasing magnitude of threat our adversaries pose to those networks’ security. This article explores using this emerging National Guard capability in a state role for protection of critical infrastructure cyber networks. Most of the critical infrastructure is privately owned. Although current executive orders and policy mandate government sharing of cyber threat information, private providers’ reciprocation of sharing their vulnerabilities is voluntary. This article contends that effective cyber defense requires strong private-public partnerships. We developed a critical infrastructure cyber defense model based upon key characteristics from the literature on private-public partnerships and performed a case study of current cyber defense partnerships to validate the model. Our research shows this model to be a useful guide for emerging National Guard Cyber Mission Forces to consider when establishing partnerships for effective critical infrastructure cyber defense.

  15. Defense Intelligence Agency: 50 Years Committed to Excellence in Defense of the Nation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    to the September 11th terrorist attacks on the Pentagon. Rosa Chapa , Sandra Foster, Robert Hymel, Shelley Marshall, Patricia Mickley, Charles...the Nation MASTER SERGEANT WILLIAM W. BULTMEIER, USA, (RET) Defense Attaché Offi ce, Niamey 23 December 2000 ROSA M. CHAPA Offi ce of the Comptroller

  16. 77 FR 16651 - National Defense Resources Preparedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    ..., improve, treat, cure, or restore the physical or mental health conditions of the population. (j... of national emergency, specifically evaluating the availability of the most critical resource and... States, to take actions necessary to ensure the availability of adequate resources and...

  17. Needed: Reincarnation of National Defense Education Act of 1958

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Mary M.; Miller, James R.

    2005-01-01

    This paper reviews the historical and current response of the United States to threats to its world leadership in scientific endeavors, with particular attention to the National Defense Education Act of 1958. The current status of the United States in mathematics, science, and engineering education is reviewed with respect to K-12 student…

  18. Defense Against National Vulnerabilities in Public Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-28

    governments can use to understand and make decisions based on the vulnerability of their open data footprint. An intuitive human machine interface...National Vulnerabilities in Public Data Open Data Threat Contract: W911NF-14-C-0031 Period of Performance: March 13, 2014 – January 31, 2017...unintentional disclosure of sensitive information through open data like social media. In the process of developing methods to quantify and track the

  19. Construction: the Foundation of National Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    ýd ýhe dual mrissio)n of ata !rprov~ng comnat readiness and cMYarl dIemonstrating national %w.ill By ý985, the military construc:ti~on program was at...as t as always be en, Out me scope andi uirgency ofrr comnat rI-r- LIC ný the event of a small war, th1-e dlema;nd for constru_.ction will Probably...dollars, these expenditures total more than $838 million.’ 6 Furthermore, the study could not determine the amount invested in R&D by corporate

  20. REKONSTRUKSI PEMBENTUKAN NATIONAL CYBER DEFENSE SEBAGAI UPAYA MEMPERTAHANKAN KEDAULATAN NEGARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Khalimatus Sa'diyah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Anxiety against cybercrime has become the world’s attention, but not all countries in the world is giving greater attention to the problem of cybercrime by having the rule and unless the developed countries and some developing countries. The purpose of this research is in order to find, examine and analyze the efforts of the Indonesia Government in the protection of State secrets information and data, also to research the forms of Indonesia Government resistance against cyber war. Find a reconstruction of national cyber defense formation or cyber army in an attempt to defend the sovereignty of the country. In Act No. 3 of 2002 on State Defense, it has been established that the threat in the country’s defense system consists of a military threat and non-military threat, which is including cyber threats. One of the negative effects of the cyber world development via the internet among other things is a crime in violation of the law cybercrime, where when the escalation widely spread, it could have threatened the country’s sovereignty, territorial integrity or the safety of the nation. In an effort to combat against the attacks in this virtual world, will require an agency that is in charge of being the world’s bulwark cyber or cyber defense.

  1. Malpractice Liability and Defensive Medicine: A National Survey of Neurosurgeons

    OpenAIRE

    Nahed, Brian V.; Babu, Maya A.; Smith, Timothy R.; Heary, Robert F.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Concern over rising healthcare expenditures has led to increased scrutiny of medical practices. As medical liability and malpractice risk rise to crisis levels, the medical-legal environment has contributed to the practice of defensive medicine as practitioners attempt to mitigate liability risk. High-risk specialties, such as neurosurgery, are particularly affected and neurosurgeons have altered their practices to lessen medical-legal risk. We present the first national survey of...

  2. A Comparative Study of Defense Reforms in Eastern European Nations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ix. 8. Klaus König, On the Critique of New Public Management (Speyer: Forschungsinst, 1996), 4, 59. 9 complexity in public management.9 The...country’s defense needs. During President Vaclav Havel’s visit to NATO headquarters in March 1991, he welcomed NATO countries to cooperate and exchange... Klaus . On the Critique of New Public Management. Speyer: Forschungsinst, 1996. Ladislav Holý The Little Czech and the Great Czech Nation. United

  3. Defense programs industrial partnerships at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freese, K.B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Industrial Partnership Office

    1996-10-01

    The US Department of Energy`s Defense Programs face unprecedented challenges of stewardship for an aging nuclear stockpile, cessation of nuclear testing, reduced federal budgets, and a smaller manufacturing complex. Partnerships with industry are essential in developing technology, modernizing the manufacturing complex, and maintaining the safety and reliability of the nation`s nuclear capability. The past decade of federal support for industrial partnerships has promoted benefits to US industrial competitiveness. Recent shifts in government policy have re-emphasized the importance of industrial partnerships in accomplishing agency missions. Nevertheless, abundant opportunities exist for dual-benefit, mission-driven partnerships between the national laboratories and industry. Experience at Los Alamos National Laboratory with this transition is presented.

  4. Malpractice liability and defensive medicine: a national survey of neurosurgeons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian V Nahed

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Concern over rising healthcare expenditures has led to increased scrutiny of medical practices. As medical liability and malpractice risk rise to crisis levels, the medical-legal environment has contributed to the practice of defensive medicine as practitioners attempt to mitigate liability risk. High-risk specialties, such as neurosurgery, are particularly affected and neurosurgeons have altered their practices to lessen medical-legal risk. We present the first national survey of American neurosurgeons' perceptions of malpractice liability and defensive medicine practices. METHODS: A validated, 51-question online-survey was sent to 3344 practicing U.S. neurosurgeon members of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, which represents 76% of neurosurgeons in academic and private practices. RESULTS: A total of 1028 surveys were completed (31% response rate by neurosurgeons representing diverse sub-specialty practices. Respondents engaged in defensive medicine practices by ordering additional imaging studies (72%, laboratory tests (67%, referring patients to consultants (66%, or prescribing medications (40%. Malpractice premiums were considered a "major or extreme" burden by 64% of respondents which resulted in 45% of respondents eliminating high-risk procedures from their practice due to liability concerns. CONCLUSIONS: Concerns and perceptions about medical liability lead practitioners to practice defensive medicine. As a result, diagnostic testing, consultations and imaging studies are ordered to satisfy a perceived legal risk, resulting in higher healthcare expenditures. To minimize malpractice risk, some neurosurgeons have eliminated high-risk procedures. Left unchecked, concerns over medical liability will further defensive medicine practices, limit patient access to care, and increase the cost of healthcare delivery in the United States.

  5. 78 FR 68028 - National Defense Stockpile Market Impact Committee Request for Public Comments on the Potential...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... the proposed Fiscal Year 2015 National Defense Stockpile Annual Materials Plan. The role of the Market... Act) (50 U.S.C. 98, et seq.), the Department of Defense's Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), as National... be available for public inspection and copying. Anyone submitting business confidential...

  6. FACTORS EFFECTING TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION DECISIONS IN NATIONAL DEFENSE PROJECTS

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Defense Industry” (DI) not only strengthens the military power of a country, but also effects other fields of technology and economy positively and enables countries to be much more powerful in terms of their competitiveness in technology and knowledge instead of merely being a follower and a continuous customer. If a state seeks to have high-tech and capable DI the only foundation is to create a national environment which is managed based on a systematic ”Technology Management” philosophy a...

  7. FACTORS EFFECTING TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION DECISIONS IN NATIONAL DEFENSE PROJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökhan ASTAN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available “Defense Industry” (DI not only strengthens the military power of a country, but also effects other fields of technology and economy positively and enables countries to be much more powerful in terms of their competitiveness in technology and knowledge instead of merely being a follower and a continuous customer. If a state seeks to have high-tech and capable DI the only foundation is to create a national environment which is managed based on a systematic ”Technology Management” philosophy and well-defined “Acquisition” process. With already reduced resources, it is crucial to spend money for the most needed and right technology. Consequently, the focus of this study is on the “Acquisition" and "Technology Transfer" (TT concepts and approaches. As such the different TT methods are compared and their advantages and disadvantages discussed. In the last part of the study, DI is described and assessed in terms of the TT methods.

  8. Interwar U.S. and Japanese National Product and Defense Expenditure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-06-01

    Selected investment price indexes for Japan . ................... 19 Figure 7. Japanese defense expenditure in constant yen terms. Amounts are...CIM D0007249.A /Final June 2003 Interwar U.S. and Japanese National Product and Defense Expenditure William D. O’Neil 4825 Mark Center...and Japanese National Product and Defense Expenditure 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT

  9. 75 FR 47460 - TRICARE: Changes Included in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 199 TRICARE: Changes Included in the National Defense Authorization Act... section 703 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2007 (FY07), Public Law 109... cancer screenings to be brought in line with the processes for updating other cancer...

  10. 75 FR 28786 - Federal Advisory Committee; National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors; Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... held on June 15 and 16, 2010, in Washington, DC. DATES: The meeting will be held on Tuesday, June 15... meeting will be held at the National Defense Intelligence College, Washington, DC 20340-5100. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. David R. Ellison, President, DIA National Defense Intelligence College,...

  11. 42 CFR 137.203 - May a Self-Governance Tribe participate in a voluntary national uniform data collection effort...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... voluntary national uniform data collection effort with the IHS? 137.203 Section 137.203 Public Health PUBLIC...-Governance Tribe participate in a voluntary national uniform data collection effort with the IHS? Yes, in... participate, at its option, in national IHS data reporting activities such as Government Performance...

  12. Assessing Future Trends in the Defense Burdens of Western Nations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    Summary Table 1). A weighted average for the four allies that spend most heavily on defense -- Japan , France, Germany, and the United Kingdom--is projected...military was dismantled. Among the largest allies, Japan represents the other extreme. Japanese defense spending as a percentage of GDP is projected to...January 1993. d. Weighted average for Japan , France, Germany, and the United Kingdom--countries that spend the greatest amounts on defense . e The 1990

  13. Defensive medicine among neurosurgeons in the Netherlands: a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Sandra C; Hulsbergen, Alexander F C; Muskens, Ivo S; van Dam, Marjel; Gormley, William B; Broekman, Marike L D; Smith, Timothy R

    2017-09-20

    In defensive medicine, practice is motivated by legal rather than medical reasons. Previous studies have analyzed the correlation between perceived medico-legal risk and defensive behavior among neurosurgeons in the United States, Canada, and South Africa, but not yet in Europe. The aim of this study is to explore perceived liability burdens and self-reported defensive behaviors among neurosurgeons in the Netherlands and compare their practices with their non-European counterparts. A survey was sent to 136 neurosurgeons. The survey included questions from several domains: surgeon characteristics, patient demographics, type of practice, surgeon liability profile, policy coverage, defensive practices, and perception of the liability environment. Survey responses were analyzed and summarized. Forty-five neurosurgeons filled out the questionnaire (response rate of 33.1%). Almost half (n = 20) reported paying less than 5% of their income to annual malpractice premiums. Nearly all respondents view their insurance premiums as a minor or no burden (n = 42) and are confident that in their coverage is sufficient (n = 41). Most neurosurgeons (n = 38) do not see patients as "potential lawsuits". Relative to their American peers, Dutch neurosurgeons view their insurance premiums as less burdensome, their patients as a smaller legal threat, and their practice as less risky in general. They are sued less often and engage in fewer defensive behaviors than their non-European counterparts. The medico-legal climate in the Netherlands may contribute to this difference.

  14. Who Pays for National Defense? Financing Defense Programs in the United States, 1947-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heo, Uk; Bohte, John

    2012-01-01

    Past studies on military expenditures in the United States have primarily focused on the extent to which guns versus butter trade-offs are prevalent without examining this relationship in the context of how other fiscal policy tools are used to pay for defense. Using annual data from 1947-2007, this study examines the relative importance of…

  15. National Defense Research Institute Annual Report: Contract Year 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-11-14

    Policy, concentrated on cocaine and mar- The RAND team recommended a measure more juana smuggling. Interdiction of the third major directly related to... sors of the Center’s work include both the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Force Management and Person- PROCUREMENT nel) and the Assistant Secretary of

  16. Review of the National Defense Intelligence College's Master's Degree in Science and Technology Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Academies Press, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The National Research Council (NRC) was asked by the National Defense Intelligence College (NDIC) to convene a committee to review the curriculum and syllabi for their proposed master of science degree in science and technology intelligence. The NRC was asked to review the material provided by the NDIC and offer advice and recommendations…

  17. DOD Purchase of Renewable Energy Credits Under the National Defense Authorization Act of 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    The Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005 established renewable energy goals for federal government agencies. The National Defense Authorization Act for...Fiscal Year 2012 directs the Secretary of Defense to establish a policy to maximize savings for the bulk purchase of replacement renewable energy certificates...in connection with the development of facility energy projects using renewable energy sources. This requires that each service purchase

  18. Head and neck cancer in India: Need to formulate uniform national treatment guideline?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N P Trivedi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In a large and diverse country like India, there is a wide variation in the availability of infrastructure and expertise to treat head-neck cancer patients. Lack of consistent adherence to evidence-based management is the biggest problem. Aims: There is an unmet need to evaluate the existing treatment practices to form the basis for development of effective and uniform treatment policies. Settings and Designs: Prospective case series. Materials and Methods: A group of previously treated, potentially curable patients presenting to our institution (from April 2009 to March 2011 were evaluated for appropriateness of initial treatment based on National Comprehensive Cancer Network or Tata Memorial Hospital guidelines. Data regarding treatment center, protocol and accuracy of delivered treatment and their eventual outcome were analyzed. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive. Results: Amongst 450 newly registered patients, 77(17% were previously treated with curative intent and 69(89% of them were inappropriately treated. Seventeen (25% patients were treated in clinics while 12(17% in cancer centers and 34(50% in corporate hospitals. Fourteen (20% patients received chemotherapy, 22(32% received radiotherapy and 14(20% underwent surgery while 19(28% patients received multimodality treatment. Disease stage changed to more advanced stage in 40(58% patients and curative intent treatment could be offered only to 33(48% patients. Amongst 56 patients available for outcome review, 18(32% patients were alive disease-free, 20(36% had died and 18(32% were alive with disease. Conclusion: Large numbers of potentially curable patients are inappropriately treated and their outcome is significantly affected. Many initiatives have been taken in the existing National Cancer Control Program but formulation of a uniform national treatment guideline should be prioritized.

  19. A Strategic Conversation about National Missile Defense (Strategic Studies Quarterly, Winter 2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    they were “producing missiles like sausages .” These quotes, and the overall tone of Reagan’s speech, indicate the specific historical context in which...in this article . LeFevre.indd 108 10/30/08 1:18:22 PM A Strategic Conversation about National Missile Defense Strategic  Studies  Quarterly...time.com/time/magazine/ article /0,9171,923443,00.html. 3. National Intelligence Council, “Iran: Nuclear Intentions and Capabilities,” National Intel- ligence

  20. 2011 Annual Report (National Defense Center for Energy and Environment)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    ultrasonic cleaning systems were installed at Anniston Army Depot: a small arms cleaning system in Building 129 and a plating wax removal system in... Building 114. 7 Enhancing Sustainability and Security National security and the long-term viability of our military depend on transitioning to more...reduction efforts to assist the DoD in achieving a ‘ NetZero ’ future. As our military forces maintain national security and operational readiness

  1. 77 FR 28757 - Delegation of Reporting Functions Specified in Section 1235(c) of the National Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... Functions Specified in Section 1235(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012... laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate to you the reporting functions conferred upon the President by section 1235(c) of...

  2. 77 FR 12721 - Delegation of Reporting Function Specified In Section 1043 of the National Defense Authorization...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... Function Specified In Section 1043 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012... the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate to you the reporting function conferred upon the President...

  3. Divided by Loyalty: The Debate Regarding Loyalty Provisions in the National Defense Education Act of 1958

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, Brent D.

    2016-01-01

    The National Defense Education Act (NDEA) of 1958 was the first federal investment in low-interest student loans and became a precedent for expansion of student loans in the Higher Education Act of 1965. In its controversial loyalty provisions, the NDEA required loan recipients to affirm loyalty to the U.S. government. Between 1958 and 1962,…

  4. 77 FR 42271 - National Defense Stockpile Market Impact Committee Request for Public Comments on the Potential...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    .... Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of Strategic Industries and Economic Security... Heidenreich, Office of Strategic Industries and Economic Security, Bureau of Industry and Security, U.S... Bureau of Industry and Security National Defense Stockpile Market Impact Committee Request for...

  5. 77 FR 16205 - National Defense Stockpile Market Impact Committee Request for Public Comments on the Potential...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    .... Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of Strategic Industries and Economic Security... McMenamin, Office of Strategic Industries and Economic Security, Bureau of Industry and Security, U.S... Bureau of Industry and Security National Defense Stockpile Market Impact Committee Request for...

  6. Divided by Loyalty: The Debate Regarding Loyalty Provisions in the National Defense Education Act of 1958

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, Brent D.

    2016-01-01

    The National Defense Education Act (NDEA) of 1958 was the first federal investment in low-interest student loans and became a precedent for expansion of student loans in the Higher Education Act of 1965. In its controversial loyalty provisions, the NDEA required loan recipients to affirm loyalty to the U.S. government. Between 1958 and 1962,…

  7. Research Notes ~ Development of a Defense Learning Network for the Canadian Department of National Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis Margueratt

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The idea of an online learning network for members of the Canadian Department of National Defence (DND has surfaced several times over the past decade and a half, but has never reached the level of development seen in the current Defence Learning Network (DLN initiative. Past attempts at creating a learning network failed primarily because of the lack of a champion within DND’s senior leadership, and the ability of traditional residential learning to meet the training and education needs of the Department. Recently, however, the rising cost of residential learning, coupled with recognition of the benefits afforded by distance learning, particularly learning flexibility and the ability of learners to engaged in requisite learning at their home base rather than at dispersed locations across Canada, have greatly enhanced the attractiveness of distance learning as a viable learning delivery option.

  8. 75 FR 22203 - Delegation of Certain Functions Under Section 1265 of the National Defense Authorization Act for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-28

    ... Functions Under Section 1265 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 Memorandum for... the United States, including section 301 of title 3, United States Code, I hereby delegate to you the functions and authority conferred upon the President by section 1265 of the National Defense...

  9. 75 FR 43944 - Defense Science Board; Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... Climate Change for National and International Security will meet in closed session August 18-19, and... Office of the Secretary Defense Science Board; Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Notice...

  10. 75 FR 34438 - Defense Science Board Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... Change for National and International Security will meet in closed session on July 14-15 and on July 29... of the Secretary Defense Science Board Task Force on Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Notice of...

  11. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 292 - Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 292—Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended) A Appendix A to Part 292 National Defense...

  12. A Marriage That Worked: The Department of Defense Dependents Schools and the National Writing Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Mary Ann

    2000-01-01

    Long-term, successful marriages, like that between dependent schools and the National Writing Project, do not always go smoothly. In 1997, DoDDS students performed well on a worldwide assessment of eight different writing modes. Good partnerships avoid shortcuts, use proven models, and reject uniform approaches. (MLH)

  13. Brazil’s National Defense Strategy -- A Deepening of Civilian Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-15

    Identity Crisis.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 42, no.3 (Autumn 2000): 149 in JSTOR (Accessed September 17, 2008). 26 Ibid. 161 27...34 Ibid. 35 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, “Military Expenditure Database – Brazil,” http://milexdata.sipri.org/result.php4...International Peace Research Institute, “Military Expenditure Database – Brazil,” 59 Jobim and Unger, National Defense Strategy. 60 Senior SOUTHCOM

  14. FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    services, post-separation medical and dental coverage, career counseling, financial planning, employment and re-employment rights , and veterans...available at http://thinkprogress.org/ lgbt /2011/05/11/177408/navy-marriage-rescind/. FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military...raised that the possibility or actuality of military deployments may encourage courts to deny custodial rights of a service member to a former spouse

  15. Longitudinal Cognitive Profiles in Diabetes: Results From the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center's Uniform Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sano, Mary; Zhu, Carolyn W; Grossman, Hillel; Schimming, Corbett

    2017-08-03

    Diabetes is a risk factor for the development of cognitive impairment and possibly for accelerated progression to Alzheimer disease (AD) and other dementias, though the trajectory of cognitive decline in general and in specfic cognitive domains by diabetes is unclear. Using the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center's Uniform Data Det (NACC-UDS) to identify cohorts of elders with normal cognition (N = 7,663) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI, N = 4,114), we compared overall cognitive composite and domain specific sub-scores and their progression over time between diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. Diabetes was more common among those with MCI (14.7%) than among subjects who were cognitively normal (11.7%). In subjects who were cognitively normal, baseline cognitive composite scores, attention, and executive function sub-scores were lower in diabetics than non-diabetics (by 0.098, 0.066, and 0.015 points, respectively). Over time, cognitive composite score showed subtle worsening in non-diabetics (0.025 points every 6 months), with an additional worsening of 0.01 points every 6 months in diabetics compared to non-diabetics. In the MCI groups, baseline cognitive composite as well as attention and executive domain sub-scores were lower in diabetics than non-diabetics (by 0.078, 0.092, and 0.032 points, respectively). Over time, cognitive composite (by 0.103 points every 6 months) and all domain specific sub-scores showed subtle worsening in non-diabetics, but diabetics had significantly slower worsening than non-diabetics on both cognitive composite (by 0.028 points) and domain specific sub-scores. Among elders, diabetes may be associated with lower cognitive performance, primarily in non-memory domains. However it is not associated with continued worsening, suggesting a static deficit with minimal memory involvement. This data suggest that diabetes may contribute more to a vascular profile of cognitive impairment than a profile more typical of AD. Published 2017

  16. 32 CFR 621.1 - Loan of Army/Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) owned property for use at national and State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Loan of Army/Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) owned... of Army/Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) owned property for use at national and State conventions. (a... and facilities on loan. (iv) Costs of packaging, packing, transportation and handling from source of...

  17. Defense Science Board Task Force Report on Defense Strategies for Ensuring the Resilience of National Space Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    Executive Summary is a product of the Defense Science Board (DSB). The DSB is a Federal Advisory Committee established to provide independent advice to the...Executive Summary Since 2000, when the Defense Science Board concluded space superiority was absolutely essential in achieving global awareness, information...Whelan Government Advisors Dr. Larry Gershwin – ODNI/NIM Science and Technology Executive Secretary Col Russell Teehan, USAF – AT&L/Space, Strategic

  18. Economic Assessment of FMDv Releases from the National Bio and Agro Defense Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendell, Dustin L.; Marsh, Thomas L.; Coble, Keith H.; Lusk, Jayson L.; Szmania, Sara C.

    2015-01-01

    This study evaluates the economic consequences of hypothetical foot-and-mouth disease releases from the future National Bio and Agro Defense Facility in Manhattan, Kansas. Using an economic framework that estimates the impacts to agricultural firms and consumers, quantifies costs to non-agricultural activities in the epidemiologically impacted region, and assesses costs of response to the government, we find the distribution of economic impacts to be very significant. Furthermore, agricultural firms and consumers bear most of the impacts followed by the government and the regional non-agricultural firms. PMID:26114546

  19. OVERTURES TO REDUCING ROMANIAN MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENSE TENUITY IN INFORMATION RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucian BIBO

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Information Resources Management (IRM means planning, budgeting, organizing, directing, training and controlling information. It encompasses both information itself and related resources such as personnel, equipment, funds and technology. For many organizations, information and the technology that supports it represent their most valuable, but often least understood assets. The Romanian Ministry of National Defense (MoND has to face this fragile issue, too. Hence an analysis of the AS IS situation is more than necessary if future endeavors in the field are to succeed. Moreover, the identification of possible solutions and of their likely constraints is another aim of this article

  20. 75 FR 43791 - Delegation of Certain Functions Under Section 3134 of the National Defense Authorization Act for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... Memorandum of July 21, 2010--Delegation of Certain Functions Under Section 3134 of the National Defense... Functions and Authorities Memorandum of July 21, 2010--Delegation of Certain Functions Under Section 1264 of... ] Memorandum of July 21, 2010 Delegation of Certain Functions Under Section 3134 of the National...

  1. The Maryland Defense Force Discovers Another Way to Serve the Maryland National Guard and the State Defense Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    commitment to the State Defense Force (SDF) movement and writing on the subject; however, he was worried about the fact that he was wheelchair bound...at the time), heavily drugged ( prescription ) and had limited use of his hands for typing. While exploring ways to compensate for those limitations

  2. 75 FR 28181 - National Defense Transportation Day and National Transportation Week, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-20

    .... In times of peace and national crisis, efficient roads, rails, ports, and airports play a vital role... who design and manage this infrastructure help ensure America has a world-class logistics and... transportation arteries make our economy more efficient, promoting economic growth, the lifeblood of...

  3. 78 FR 28707 - National Defense Transportation Day and National Transportation Week, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ..., and making lasting investments in America's infrastructure. In recognition of the importance of our... recognize the importance of our Nation's transportation infrastructure and to acknowledge the contributions.... To meet these goals, we need to rebuild the infrastructure that powers our industries. We need...

  4. 77 FR 29525 - National Defense Transportation Day and National Transportation Week, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-18

    ... forward. In recognition of the importance of our Nation's transportation infrastructure, and of the men... the 19th century to the highways that drove progress during the 20th, American infrastructure has... building robust infrastructure that will accelerate our economy in the years ahead. The need for strong...

  5. "Music for a National Defense": Making Martial Music during the Anti-Japanese War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua H. Howard

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the popularization of “mass songs” among Chinese Communist troops during the Anti-Japanese War by highlighting the urban origins of the National Salvation Song Movement and the key role it played in bringing songs to the war front. The diffusion of a new genre of march songs pioneered by Nie Er was facilitated by compositional devices that reinforced the ideological message of the lyrics, and by the National Salvation Song Movement. By the mid-1930s, this grassroots movement, led by Liu Liangmo, converged with the tail end of the proletarian arts movement that sought to popularize mass art and create a “music for national defense.” Once the war broke out, both Nationalists and Communists provided organizational support for the song movement by sponsoring war zone service corps and mobile theatrical troupes that served as conduits for musicians to propagate their art in the hinterland. By the late 1930s, as the United Front unraveled, a majority of musicians involved in the National Salvation Song Movement moved to the Communist base areas. Their work for the New Fourth Route and Eighth Route Armies, along with Communist propaganda organizations, enabled their songs to spread throughout the ranks.

  6. National cyber defense high performance computing and analysis : concepts, planning and roadmap.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamlet, Jason R.; Keliiaa, Curtis M.

    2010-09-01

    There is a national cyber dilemma that threatens the very fabric of government, commercial and private use operations worldwide. Much is written about 'what' the problem is, and though the basis for this paper is an assessment of the problem space, we target the 'how' solution space of the wide-area national information infrastructure through the advancement of science, technology, evaluation and analysis with actionable results intended to produce a more secure national information infrastructure and a comprehensive national cyber defense capability. This cybersecurity High Performance Computing (HPC) analysis concepts, planning and roadmap activity was conducted as an assessment of cybersecurity analysis as a fertile area of research and investment for high value cybersecurity wide-area solutions. This report and a related SAND2010-4765 Assessment of Current Cybersecurity Practices in the Public Domain: Cyber Indications and Warnings Domain report are intended to provoke discussion throughout a broad audience about developing a cohesive HPC centric solution to wide-area cybersecurity problems.

  7. In Defense of the National Labs and Big-Budget Science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goodwin, J R

    2008-07-29

    The purpose of this paper is to present the unofficial and unsanctioned opinions of a Visiting Scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on the values of LLNL and the other National Labs. The basic founding value and goal of the National Labs is big-budget scientific research, along with smaller-budget scientific research that cannot easily be done elsewhere. The most important example in the latter category is classified defense-related research. The historical guiding light here is the Manhattan Project. This endeavor was unique in human history, and might remain so. The scientific expertise and wealth of an entire nation was tapped in a project that was huge beyond reckoning, with no advance guarantee of success. It was in many respects a clash of scientific titans, with a large supporting cast, collaborating toward a single well-defined goal. Never had scientists received so much respect, so much money, and so much intellectual freedom to pursue scientific progress. And never was the gap between theory and implementation so rapidly narrowed, with results that changed the world, completely. Enormous resources are spent at the national or international level on large-scale scientific projects. LLNL has the most powerful computer in the world, Blue Gene/L. (Oops, Los Alamos just seized the title with Roadrunner; such titles regularly change hands.) LLNL also has the largest laser in the world, the National Ignition Facility (NIF). Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) has the most powerful microscope in the world. Not only is it beyond the resources of most large corporations to make such expenditures, but the risk exceeds the possible rewards for those corporations that could. Nor can most small countries afford to finance large scientific projects, and not even the richest can afford largess, especially if Congress is under major budget pressure. Some big-budget research efforts are funded by international consortiums, such as the Large Hadron Collider

  8. National Defense Education and Innovation Initiative: Meeting America's Economic and Security Challenges in the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of American Universities, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The Association of American Universities (AAU) calls on the Administration, Congress, and academia, with the help of the business sector, to implement a 21st Century National Defense Education and Innovation Initiative aimed at meeting the economic and security challenges we will face over the next half-century. Government and America's…

  9. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense surveys in Asia and Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Irwin H

    2005-05-01

    I suppose I should establish my bonafides for participation in this symposium. I did participate in 3 Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (ICNND) surveys as far separated as one on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation (1) in Montana and 2 in Asia-Burma (2) and East Pakistan (3). In fact, the Blackfeet Reservation and Burma surveys were my training grounds for becoming the clinical chief for the East Pakistan survey and later the codirector. More importantly, in 1962, I followed Alan Forbes, who is much missed at this symposium, as the deputy to Arnie Schaefer at ICNND and NIH, and did have experience of an office in the Stone House on the NIH campus. There I participated in the transmutation of the ICNND to the Interdepartmental Committee on National Development and its alignment with the Office of International Research at the NIH and a repositioning within the Department of Health and Human Services. It was from this position that ICNND went on to organize some civilian surveys in the mid-1960s, including those in Central America and Panama (4), and it was from this position that the groundwork was laid for the application of ICNND techniques to the first U.S. domestic survey outside of an Indian reservation, culminating in the Ten State Nutrition Survey (5), which documented that there was hunger in America, as well as abroad.

  10. U.S. National Defense Acquisition and Budgetary Policy in an International Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-03

    rarely , if ever, large enough to produce this effect (Hale, 1987). As a consequence, it is a general rule that the more units produced, the lower will...defense-industrial independence. Although licensed manufacturing transfers the know-how to build products, it rarely transfers the tacit knowledge...defense policy: Medium power, even bigger ambitions? Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 22(2), 183–96. Berghezan, G., & Richard, P. (2002). Israël, terre

  11. International open trial of uniform multidrug therapy regimen for leprosy patients: Findings & implications for national leprosy programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manickam, Ponnaiah; Mehendale, Sanjay M; Nagaraju, Bathyala; Katoch, Kiran; Jamesh, Abdul; Kutaiyan, Ramalingam; Jianping, Shen; Mugudalabetta, Shivakumar; Jadhav, Vitthal; Rajkumar, Prabu; Padma, Jayasree; Kaliaperumal, Kanagasabai; Pannikar, Vijayakumar; Krishnamurthy, Padabettu; Gupte, Mohan D

    2016-10-01

    Uniform therapy for all leprosy patients will simplify leprosy treatment. In this context, we evaluated six-month multidrug therapy (MDT) currently recommended for multibacillary (MB) patients as uniform MDT (U-MDT) in a single-arm open trial under programme conditions. Primary objective was to determine efficacy to prevent five-year cumulative five per cent relapse. Secondary objectives were to assess acceptability, safety and compliance. Newly detected, treatment-naive leprosy patients were enrolled in India (six sites) and P. R. China (two sites). Primary outcome was clinically confirmed relapse of occurrence of one or more new skin patches consistent with leprosy, without evidence of reactions post-treatment. Event rates per 100 person years as well as five-year cumulative risk of relapse, were calculated. A total of 2091 paucibacillary (PB) and 1298 MB leprosy patients were recruited from the 3437 patients screened. Among PB, two relapsed (rate=0.023; risk=0.11%), eight had suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) (rate=0.79) and rate of new lesions due toreactions was 0.24 (n=23). Rates of neuritis, type 1 and type 2 reactions were 0.39 (n=37), 0.54 (n=51) and 0.03 (n=3), respectively. Among MB, four relapsed (rate=0.07; risk=0.37%) and 16 had suspected ADR (rate=2.64). Rate of new lesions due to reactions among MB was 1.34 (n=76) and rates of neuritis, type 1 and type 2 reactions were 1.37 (n=78), 2.01 (n=114) and 0.49 (n=28), respectively. Compliance to U-MDT was 99 per cent. Skin pigmentation due to clofazimine was of short duration and acceptable. We observed low relapse, minimal ADR and other adverse clinical events. Clofazimine-related pigmentation was acceptable. Evidence supports introduction of U-MDT in national leprosy programmes. [CTRI No: 2012/ 05/ 002696].

  12. A Summary of the Third Persh Conference: Strategic Issues in Materials for National Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    Board of Regents Dr. Barry Farmer U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory Dr. Gary Fischman Future Strategy Solutions Dr. Brian Fitzgerald Business...of Defense/Defense, Research and Engineering Dr. George Spanos Materials, Metals, and Materials Society Dr. David Stepp U.S. Army Research Office

  13. Defense Industry Clusters in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Alpaslan Demir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available All countries strive for a capable national defense supported by a strong national defense industry. Supporting national defense with imported defense systems has many limitations and risks because the terms of arms trade agreements between countries may easily be influenced by the political climate of the signatories. As a result, establishing an independent national defense requires a strong national defense industry. Furthermore, exporting defense systems may be an important source of national income. National defense industries mostly consist of large-scale defense firms that have the resources required for big defense contracts. However, small to medium enterprises (SMEs do not have the necessary resources, therefore they are at a disadvantage. To overcome this handicap and be part of the business, defense industry clusters mostly consisting of SMEs are being established. Provided that there is good national planning and support in this area, defense clusters consisting of SMEs may play a significant role in industry. SMEs have a chance to offer specialized services, special or customized products when needed. As a result, large defense firms subcontract certain portions of defense projects to SMEs. Since 2010, Turkey has shown signs of continuous improvement in defense industry clustering. In parallel with these developments, this study discusses the importance of clustering in the defense industry, briefly presents the state of the Turkish defense industry as highlighted by national statistics, and presents the current status of defense clusters in Turkey. The novelty of this article consists in its assessment of Turkish defense clusters.

  14. 75 FR 20935 - National Standards for Traffic Control Devices; the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... Devices; the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways; Maintaining Minimum...: Notice of proposed amendments (NPA). SUMMARY: The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) is..., and highways with narrow pavement widths and low traffic volumes. \\4\\ Carlson, Park, Andersen...

  15. From Sputnik to Minerva: Education and American National Security (Defense Horizons, Number 65, January 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    programs concentrated on only a dozen (mostly European) lan- guages. He observed that “more college students currently stud- ied Ancient Greek (20,858...background checks difficult.14 The Department of Defense was forced under existing U.S. law to fire homosexual linguists and translators. Yet by 2006

  16. 77 FR 16649 - Delegation of Reporting Functions Specified in Section 1045 of the National Defense Authorization...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-21

    ... Documents#0;#0; ] Memorandum of March 16, 2012 Delegation of Reporting Functions Specified in Section 1045... America, including section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate to the Secretaries of Defense and Energy the reporting functions conferred upon the President by section 1045 of...

  17. 76 FR 58463 - National Defense Stockpile Market Impact Committee Request for Public Comments on the Potential...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... disposal levels of materials for the Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 Annual Materials Plan. The role of the MIC is to... of Economic and Business Affairs, Office of International Energy and Commodity Policy, Washington, DC..., the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) lists the proposed quantities for the FY 2013 Annual Materials...

  18. Fact Sheet: FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) DOD Reform Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-25

    with other nations’ technological advances; and that the Department of Defense lacks the agility and adaptability necessary to support timely...the purposes, values and principles for the operation of OSD, as well as a directive on collaborative behavior. Also ties career progression to

  19. Department of Everything: Department of Defense Spending That Has Little to Do With National Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    the Exact Same Research A researcher who plagiarized a grant proposal and progress report received funding from the Defense Advanced Research...either the Air Force or NSF award. DARPA also approved funding for the project. All three proposals contained the same significant plagiarism ”31...individuals or provide military required training that may be available from an academic institution

  20. Office of Inspector General report on audit of work force restructuring under Section 3161 of the National Defense Authorization Act

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-05-01

    As authorized by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal year 1993, Department of Energy (Department) policy is to provide educational assistance to terminated contractor employees who were impacted by the Department`s downsizing. A terminated employee is anyone who voluntarily or involuntarily departs due to a reduction in employment under a Departmental restructuring plan. The objectives of the audit were to determine if the Department provided (1) reasonable means for terminated contractor employees to obtain training to qualify for new employment and (2) reasonable compensation to southern Nevada for any impact the Department`s downsizing had on the community.

  1. DoD Space S and T Community of Interest Presentation to National Defense University

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-30

    Satellite Communications Technology Sub-Area 2 Missile Warning, Missile Defense, Kill Assessment and Attack Assessment Technology Sub-Area 3...7% Air Force Army Navy DARPA Other Components Space Control 9% Satellite Comms 8% Missile Warning & Attack 1% Command and Control, $23 Space...24 satellites • NASA investments are buoying new entrants for orbital and suborbital markets © Virgin Galactic © Surrey © Iridium © COSMO

  2. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, Introduction to National Defense Modernization %

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    earth satellites, and intercontin- ental balletic missiles were successfully developed, and units that could master and use these weapons and...missile. The required processing by the side that is being attacked is even more complex. A missile is fitted with seven warheads, of which some are...capacity of 1,300 telephone circuits. The Defense Communications Satellite III, which is now being developed, will be fitted with a new multibeam antenna

  3. Defense Planning and Arms Control. Proceedings of a Special NSAI Conference, 12-14 June 1980, National Defense University, Washington, DC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    selected defense issues. * The President, whose schizophrenia on arms control and defense policy Issues has been demonstrated repeatedly, and whose...are politically unavoidable and overdue, may eventually have their desired effect. Meanwhile, they may also stimulate traditional Russian paranoia , of

  4. Site Team Review: Petition for Degree-Granting Authority by National Defense University, School for Information Resources Management (iCollege)

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    On November 3, 2010, a site team from the National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity (NACIQI) and the U.S. Department of Education conducted a visit to National Defense University's (University) School for Information Resources Management (IRMC or iCollege) at Ft. McNair in Washington, DC. The purpose of the visit was to…

  5. 高校参与国防科研的问题与对策%Problems and Strategy for Universities to Participate in the National Defense Scientific Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘征; 田永常; 吕世峰; 岳晓玲

    2011-01-01

    Universities are scientific and technological innovation and basic research base,they play important roles in national defense scientific research.However,the participation in national defense scientific research remains many problems to be solved urgently.This article in view of the university to participate in national defense scientific research problems,analysis of one by one,the corresponding countermeasures were put forward,finally introduced the work and effectiveness of China University of Geosciences(Wuhan) in the national defense scientific research.The author hopes it draw lessons from a meaning for China's universities to participate in the national defense scientific research.%高校是科技创新和基础研究的基地,在国家国防科研中发挥了重要作用。然而高校在参与国防科研中存在着许多突出问题。本文针对高校参与国防科研存在的问题,逐一分析,提出了相应的对策。最后介绍了中国地质大学(武汉)在国防科研方面已开展的工作及其成效,以期能对我国高校参与国防科研带来借鉴意义。

  6. The National Security Strategy and Transformation of the Hungarian Defense Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    WORD COUNT=6579 16 17 ENDNOTES 1 Ferenc Juhasz Minister of Defense “Interview”; 26 July 2002; available from <http://www.honvedelem.hu/cikk.php?cikk...10263&next=110&archiv =1&next=110 Internet>; Internet; accessed 15 October 2004. 2 “Speech” by Dr. Janos Martonyi, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the...available from <http://www.nato.int/ docu/speech/1999/ s990312c.htm>; Internet; accessed 23 November 2004. Hereafter referred to as Speech by Dr. Janos

  7. 论大学生国防教育的创新%On the Creation of University Students' National Defense Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓鸣

    2011-01-01

    国防教育是素质教育的重要组成部分。新时期国防教育要创新教育模式、内容和方法,增强大学生的国防意识。%The education of national defense is a vital component of quality education.In the new era,it should innovate in educational mode,contents and methods and strengthen students' sense of national defense.

  8. Uniform polyhedra

    CERN Document Server

    Melikhov, Sergey A

    2011-01-01

    Although topological and uniform approaches to foundations of what was then known as Analysis Situs originated in the same works by M. Frechet and F. Riesz, uniform spaces hopelessly lagged behind in development, and were never taken seriously in algebraic and geometric topology, due in part to the lack of a coherent theory of quotient spaces, and of a reasonable notion of a polyhedron in the uniform category. Yet there are painful side effects of the usual topological foundations: for instance, the non-metrizability of the cone over the real line, and the non-metrizability of RP^\\infty (as a CW-complex or as the geometric realization of a simplicial set). We show that (the topology of) quotient uniformity is, after all, far nicer than quotient topology in the context of metrizable spaces, and that (metrizable, possibly locally infinite-dimensional) uniform polyhedra do exist - and behave nicely - which appears to provide a satisfactory solution to an old open-ended problem by Isbell.

  9. THE DEFENSIVE NATURE OF BENEFIT FINDING DURING ONGOING TERRORISM: AN EXAMINATION OF A NATIONAL SAMPLE OF ISRAELI JEWS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Brian J; Hobfoll, Stevan E; Canetti, Daphna; Johnson, Robert J; Galea, Sandro

    2009-01-01

    A study examining the effects of terrorism on a national sample of 1,136 Jewish adults was conducted in Israel via telephone surveys, during the Second Intifada. The relationship between reports of positive changes occurring subsequent to terrorism exposure (i.e., Benefit finding), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, and negative outgroup attitudes toward Palestinian citizens of Israel (PCI) was examined. Benefit finding was related to greater PTSD symptom severity. Further, Benefit finding was related to greater threat perception of PCI and ethnic exclusionism of PCI. Findings were consistent with hypotheses derived from theories of outgroup bias and support the anxiety buffering role of social affiliation posited by terror management theory. This study suggests that benefit finding may be a defensive coping strategy when expressed under the conditions of ongoing terrorism and external threat.

  10. "Music for a National Defense": Making Martial Music during the Anti-Japanese War

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua H. Howard

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the popularization of “mass songs” among Chinese Communist troops during the Anti-Japanese War by highlighting the urban origins of the National Salvation Song Movement and the key role it played in bringing songs to the war front. The diffusion of a new genre of march songs pioneered by Nie Er was facilitated by compositional devices that reinforced the ideological message of the lyrics, and by the National Salvation Song Movement. By the mid-1930s, this grassroots move...

  11. Enhancing Defense Support of Civil Authorities within the National Capital Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    research. Most notably Colonel Steven Lynch, Provost Marshal, COlonel Marilyn Brew , Deputy Surgeon, and Major Cory Wright, Exercise Planner...popular methods of travel in the United States, as well other developed nations. However, high passenger volume and relativelylow security...tenorist organizations center of gravity , critical capabilities, critical requirements, and critical vulnerabilities. For example, to execute the

  12. Environmental and social risks: defensive National Environmental Policy Act in the US Forest Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael J. Mortimer; Marc J. Stern; Robert W. Malmsheimer; Dale J. Blahna; Lee K. Cerveny; David N. Seesholtz

    2011-01-01

    The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and its accompanying regulations provide a spectrum of alternative analytical pathways for federal agencies proposing major actions that might significantly impact the human environment. Although guidance from the President's council on Environmental Quality suggests the decision to develop an environmental impact...

  13. What Comes Next? An Argument for Irregular War in National Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    conduct a static line jump from a C-130 aircraft during Fuerzas Comando 2012 at the Colom- bian National Training Center on Fort Tolemaida...combat operations in dollars and in human capital require an alternative. What comes next? The answer: An energized, muscular strategy of irregular war

  14. Blood and Treasure: The U.S. Debt and Its Implications for National Defense and Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    economic recession (the Obama administration committed $110 billion to the car industry , the federal Troubled Asset Relief Program, established to prop...for the growth of industry that generates savings that can be reapplied into society.58 What does economic security really mean? Simply having...hollow out the military force and leave the nation vulnerable to future attacks, in essence, a hollow chocolate Easter Bunny—although it looks big and is

  15. U.S. National Arctic Strategy: Preparing Defensive Lines of Effort for the Arctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    development in the Arctic and, due to limited abilities and financial resources to exploit the resources, international cooperation. Russia’s Arctic...the political agendas of Indonesia, Malaysia , and Singapore, but also to other nations protecting their own sea lines of communication. As such...presence, oversight, regulatory enforcement, and contingency response.55 Strategically, the Commandant of the Coast Guard recognizes the importance of

  16. World society and the transformation of national defense: exploring world cultural impact on security and military

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, I explore the applicability of sociological institutionalism for the analysis of security and the military. Based on cross-sectional data from 50 countries, I show how values linked to the nation state and security are related to world cultural ideas and the diffusion of rationalized organizational models. Such linkage could explain the transformation of the military as a common and worldwide trend, being based on political and societal preconditions that converge across countr...

  17. 国防生自尊与心理健康水平调查%INVESTIGATION ON SELF-ESTEEM AND MENTAL HEALTH OF NATIONAL DEFENSE STUDENTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘富良

    2011-01-01

    [目的]探讨国防生自尊水平与心理健康状况,为其心理教育和管理工作提供依据.[方法]运用症状自评量表(SCL-90)和自尊量表(SES)对189名国防生进行了调查. [结果]国防生自尊水平高于普通大学生(29.23±3.93,28.32±4.25,t=2.27,P<0.05);国防生心理问题检出率显著低子普通大学生(x2=3.99,P<0.05);国防生SCL-90强迫、人际敏感、抑郁、焦虑、偏执、精神病性因子得分显著低干普通大学生(P< 0.05,P<0.01);国防生心理健康和自尊之间存在显著的负相关(r =-0.363~-0.536,P< 0.01). [结论]国防生较普通大学生有更高的自尊和心理健康水平.%[Objective] To investigate the level of the national defense students' self-esteem and mental health status, and provide a basis for their psychological education and management. [Methods] 189 national defense students were investigated with Symptom Chicklist 90 (SCL-90) and Self-esteem Scale (SES). [Results] The national defense students' self-esteem level was higher than the general college students (29.23±3.93, 28.32 ±4.25, t = 2.27, P<0.05); and the national defense students' detective rate of psychological problems was significantly lower than the general college students (jf = 3.99, P< 0.05) ; Six factors of the national defense students' SCL-90, including obsession, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, paranoia, psychosis, were significantly lower than the general college students (P < 0.05, P< 0.01); There was a significant negative correlation between the national defense students' mental health and self-esteem (r = -0.363--0.536, P< 0.01). [Conclusion] The national defense students have higher self-esteem and mental health levels than the general college students.

  18. The Defense Resource Allocation Process. Revision. Selected Reading in National Security Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-01

    DOD Progr.nns and Congressional Appropi iation!; ....... . . . . . ................ IV-29 IV- Iu lHypotheticai] Progr ,m I;1 m( nt Data ...A-A-AI 1-’ (~U - 1- ’hi I’ f o;( <-’ourct, All ocat ion ’roc(.-,s Styrat 1,1y Lo kealiL). FORCES IN BEING. READY FOR WAR STRATGY , BJECIVE NATIONAL...soldiers, sailors, and airmen; and to purchase fuel, paper, builf.t s, e:tc. n,,(’e.;sary for their support. Fminaliy, after all thc big df (:isions

  19. National Defense: Department of Defense’s Waiver of Competitive Prototyping Requirement for the Navy’s Fleet Replenishment Oiler Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-08

    Defense: Department of Defense’s Waiver of Competitive Prototyping Requirement for the Navy’s Fleet Replenishment Oiler Program The Weapon Systems...Department of Defense’s Waiver of Competitive Prototyping Requirement for the Navy’s Fleet Replenishment Oiler Program 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT...15, 2014, we received notice from DOD that it had waived the competitive prototyping requirement for the Fleet Replenishment Oiler (T-AO(X)) program

  20. Obesity and national defense: will America be too heavy to fight?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Matthew; Stephens, Mark B

    2015-04-01

    Obesity has been a topic of intense interest in the United States for several years. Rising rates of obesity have led some to question whether or not America will be able to readily sustain a fit fighting force into the future. This study seeks to describe at what point, projecting current trends in obesity and military accession, there would no longer be a sufficient number of qualified applicants to support an effective military fighting force. By analyzing trends in national obesity data and military accession records, the authors were unable to determine a realistic time projection of a year in which the United States would no longer be able to find enough qualified military applicants as a result of increasing obesity rates. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  1. SWOT Analysis of Alternative Development Strategies for Dealing in Defense of the Nation in Papua Disintegration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vita Bayu Indah Yanti

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available As one of Indonesia’s provinces located in the most eastern part of the country, Papua’s tumultuous history has resulted in the granting of a special autonomy under Law Number 21 Year 2001 on Special Autonomy for Papua Province. The special autonomy u is a social contract between the Republic of Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia to Papua since the 1960s. Conflict in Papua has existed at the time of Papua became part of the Republic of Indonesia in 1963. The conflict in Papua is an intrastate conflict and need to be resolved so that no large material losses and social cohesion. Good understanding of national security in particular to address the threat, in this case is also related to economic security is imperative.

  2. Psychosis in Alzheimer's Disease in the National Alzheimer's Disease Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set: Clinical Correlates and Association with Apolipoprotein E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Ann A. DeMichele-Sweet

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Approximately 50% of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD patients develop psychosis (AD+P, a heritable phenotype associated with more rapid cognitive decline. Prior studies conflict regarding whether apolipoprotein E (APOE ϵ4 alleles are associated with AD+P, possibly due to small sample sizes, inconsistent diagnostic criteria, and different methodologies to assess psychosis. We used the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set to evaluate the largest uniformly characterized sample of AD+P subjects studied to date for the association of APOE ϵ4 genotype, along with other demographic and clinical variables. Greater cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms were associated with AD+P, while the Caucasian race was protective. Neither APOE ϵ4 carrier status nor allele number was associated with psychosis. The AD+P phenotype is not associated with the APOE ϵ4 genotype. AD+P may represent a useful phenotype for the discovery of non-APOE ϵ4 genetic variation contributing to the risk of AD.

  3. 国防项目群风险管理应用研究%Application Research on Risk Management of National Defense Project group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭良

    2015-01-01

    本文通过对国防项目群概念与特征的论述,以及对其风险类型与特性的分析,提出国防项目群全项目集风险管理、全要素风险分析、全团队风险管控的三维风险管理思想,并结合典型国防项目模型,对国防项目群开展过程中风险的管控方式、风险要素、管理责任等进行阐述.%This paper proposed a risk management idea, which is the unified risk management of a defense project group, combined with analysis of the total factor risk and the participation of whole team members, based on the discussion of the concept and features of national defense project group, and analysis of the project group risk's types and characteristics. Using the typical defense project model, this paper described a method of risk management, a total factor risk, and responsibilities of project members in a national defense project group.

  4. Importance of Training National Defense Students’ Ability of Scientific and Technical Innovation%培养国防生科技创新能力的重要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗忠

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid development of scientific technology and economic and social progress, creative ability of science and technology plays important role in the social development. Relying on ordinary university training national defense students, is the important reform of our cadres training system in the new period, and the training of national defense students' ability of scientific and technical innovation has an important role for implementing the strategy of building a strong military through science and technology and winning information war in the future. Combining with the characteristics of current national defense students in the school, the importance and significance of training national defense students' ability of scientific and technical innovation is analyzed in this paper.%随着科学技术的迅猛发展和社会经济的不断进步,科技创新能力对于社会的发展起着越来越重要的作用.依托普通高校培养国防生,是新时期我军干部培养制度的重大改革,国防生科技创新能力的培养,对于我军贯彻“科技强军”的战略,对未来打赢信息化战争有着重要的作用.文章结合目前在校国防生的特点,分析培养国防生科技创新能力的重要性及其意义.

  5. 国防合同强制代位权制度研究%Research on Compulsive Right of Subrogation of National Defense Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵勇

    2012-01-01

    Aiming at obligation dispute in national defense contract, this paper puts forward compulsive right of subrogation system, and analyzes constitute item and exertion power of compulsive right of subrogation from the law angle, which can provide theory basis for guarantee the national interest to be free from violate.%针对国防合同履约中出现债务纠纷,提出强制代位权制度,并从法律角度分析强制代位权构成要件和行使权力,为保障国家利益不受侵害提供理论依据。

  6. 毛泽东国防思想及其对我国当代国防建设的启示%Mao Zedong′s Thoughts of National Defense and Its Implications for Contemporary Construction of National Defense in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢俊

    2014-01-01

    毛泽东国防思想是毛泽东思想的一个重要组成部分,是卫国护家之铮铮铁律。毛泽东国防思想主要表现在其对国防战略、国防实质、三化建设、国防与经济关系、国防后备力量与国防科技建设等方面的深刻阐释。这些思想对建设我国当代国防有重要启示,即卫国护家是国防第一要务,党指挥枪是稳固国防之基,积极防御策略,条件许可时打一场必要的局部战争,以及辩证处理韬光养晦与敢于亮剑之关系等。在国际局势风云变幻的今天,只有在坚持毛泽东国防思想指导下捍卫国防,才有可能在遭受战争威胁时做到进退有度,以强大国防气场御敌于国门之外,达于不战而屈人之兵。%Mao Zedong′s thoughts of national defense is an important part of Mao Zedong thoughts,mainly containing six aspects which include national defense strategy, essence of defense, revolutionary, formalization and modernization con-structions in the army, national defense and economic construction, construction of the defense reserve forces and scientific and technological building of national defense. All these theories give us five implications, which include defending the country and its people is the first task, the party commanding the gun is the guarantee of national defense, active defense strategy should be given priority, fighting a local war is necessary if conditions are permitted and we should view dialectical-ly the relationship between war and peace, etc. In a word, only when we keep in mind these implications can we deal easily with the situation when war threats us and when we resist the enemy outside the gates.

  7. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

  8. Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS)/TRICARE: Refills of Maintenance Medications Through Military Treatment Facility Pharmacies or National Mail Order Pharmacy Program. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-02

    This final rule implements section 702 (c) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. "Buck" McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 which states that beginning October 1, 2015, the pharmacy benefits program shall require eligible covered beneficiaries generally to refill non-generic prescription maintenance medications through military treatment facility pharmacies or the national mail-order pharmacy program. An interim final rule is in effect. Section 702(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 also terminates the TRICARE For Life Pilot Program on September 30, 2015. The TRICARE For Life Pilot Program described in section 716(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, was a pilot program which began in March 2014 requiring TRICARE For Life beneficiaries to refill non-generic prescription maintenance medications through military treatment facility pharmacies or the national mail-order pharmacy program. TRICARE for Life beneficiaries are those enrolled in the Medicare wraparound coverage option of the TRICARE program. This rule includes procedures to assist beneficiaries in transferring covered prescriptions to the mail order pharmacy program.

  9. Dynamic defense workshop :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crosby, Sean Michael; Doak, Justin E.; Haas, Jason Juedes.; Helinski, Ryan; Lamb, Christopher C.

    2013-02-01

    On September 5th and 6th, 2012, the Dynamic Defense Workshop: From Research to Practice brought together researchers from academia, industry, and Sandia with the goals of increasing collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories and external organizations, de ning and un- derstanding dynamic, or moving target, defense concepts and directions, and gaining a greater understanding of the state of the art for dynamic defense. Through the workshop, we broadened and re ned our de nition and understanding, identi ed new approaches to inherent challenges, and de ned principles of dynamic defense. Half of the workshop was devoted to presentations of current state-of-the-art work. Presentation topics included areas such as the failure of current defenses, threats, techniques, goals of dynamic defense, theory, foundations of dynamic defense, future directions and open research questions related to dynamic defense. The remainder of the workshop was discussion, which was broken down into sessions on de ning challenges, applications to host or mobile environments, applications to enterprise network environments, exploring research and operational taxonomies, and determining how to apply scienti c rigor to and investigating the eld of dynamic defense.

  10. National Department of Defense Surveillance for Invasive Streptococcus Pneumoniae: Antibiotic Resistance, Serotype Distribution, and Arbitrarily Primed Polymerase Chain Reaction Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-15

    penicillin -susceptible and peni- cillin-resistant Streptococcnspneuttmoniae serotypes in Canada. J Infect Dis Streptococcus pneumoniae Surveillance Group...Gray for the Streptococcus pneumonia Surveillance Group Report No. 00-44 Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH...Defense Surveillance for Invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae : Antibiotic Resistance, Serotype Distribution, and Arbitrarily Primed Polymerase Chain

  11. The Defense Colombian Sovereignty at the Guajira Peninsula, through the Integration of the Instruments of National Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    Infantry Division HQ 11th Armoured Brigade 12th Caribes Brigade 13th Infantry Brigade 14th Mechanized Infantry Brigade 19th Western Air Defense...governments. Negotiations between countries and through international and multinational institutions like the UN, NATO, or UNASUR are included under ...intentions towards neighboring states, particularly against Colombia. This aggressive posture towards Colombia began under former Venezuelan president Hugo

  12. On Long-term Mechanism Exploration of National Defense Education in Colleges and Universities%关于高校国防教育长效机制的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李尚益

    2012-01-01

    当前,我国的高校国防教育正面临着严峻的国内外发展形势,国防教育迫切需要进行创新发展,探索构建国防教育发展的长效机制。根据当前高校国防教育的发展现状,我们认为要构建国防教育的长效机制,促进高校国防教育的健康稳定发展,需要建立完善高校国防教育的领导体制和管理机制,建立高效的领导体制和管理机制,构建以课堂教学为主导,国防知识、情感、意识、技能立体化育人机制,建立健全高校国防教育的保障机制,构建科学的高校国防教育评价机制。%At present, China's national defense education in Colleges and universities is facing the severe domestic and foreign development situation, the national defense education is an urgent need for innovation and development, explore the construction of long-term mechanism for the development of national defense education. According to the current situation of the development of national defense education in Colleges and universities, we think to want to build the long-term mechanism of national defense education, promote the healthy and stable development of national defense education in Colleges and universities, national defense education in Colleges and universities need to establish and improve the leadership system and management mechanism, the establishment of efficient leadership system and management system, to construct the classroom instruction as the leading factor, knowledge, emotion, sense of national defense stereo cultivation mechanism, skills, establish and improve the guarantee mechanism of national defense education in Colleges and universities, construct a scientific evaluation mechanism of national defense education in Colleges and universities.

  13. Program Management at the National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Defense Nuclear Security: A Review of Program Management Documents and Underlying Processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madden, Michael S.

    2010-05-01

    The scope of this paper is to review the National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Defense Nuclear Security (DNS) program management documents and to examine the underlying processes. The purpose is to identify recommendations for improvement and to influence the rewrite of the DNS Program Management Plan (PMP) and the documentation supporting it. As a part of this process, over 40 documents required by DNS or its stakeholders were reviewed. In addition, approximately 12 other documents produced outside of DNS and its stakeholders were reviewed in an effort to identify best practices. The complete list of documents reviewed is provided as an attachment to this paper.

  14. School Uniforms: A Blueprint for Legal Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Mary Ellen

    1998-01-01

    This article discusses some of the options and strategies available to school districts in defending dress codes which mandate uniforms. Three components are essential to a successful defense: the dress code must bear a reasonable relation to the school's pedagogical purpose, it must include alternative avenues of expression, and it must…

  15. On the Theory Construction of Moral Education in National Defense%略论我国国防德育理论体系的建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑾

    2015-01-01

    国防德育是人类社会在国防领域长期的教育实践之一。全球化时代,我国国防德育理论体系的建构因其特殊的性质和作用而显得更为重要和迫切。在合理分析定位我国国家战略安全需求、社会发展和人的发展需求的基础上,可以通过整合研究主题、拓展理论视野和制定研究规范,积极探索符合中国国情的国防德育理论体系建构的理论支点、思想资源和本质界定,从而逐步完成其整体性的建构。%Moral education in national defense is education practice in the field of national defense.With the perspective of glo-balization,theory construction of this specific domain should be brought to the agenda.Based on the proper analysis of national security strategy,social development as well as development of individuals,we focus on constructing a new theory system,try-ing to make an in-depth study of relevant subj ects,while exploring its theoretical fulcrum,ideological resources and internal nature,in order to provide more academic supports for its applications in reality.

  16. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 77 - DD Form 2580, Operation Transition Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false DD Form 2580, Operation Transition Department of Defense A Appendix A to Part 77 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE... to Part 77—DD Form 2580, Operation Transition Department of Defense Outplacement and Referral...

  17. Quasi-uniform Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coghetto Roland

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article, using mostly Pervin [9], Kunzi [6], [8], [7], Williams [11] and Bourbaki [3] works, we formalize in Mizar [2] the notions of quasiuniform space, semi-uniform space and locally uniform space.

  18. Do School Uniforms Fit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Kerry A.

    2000-01-01

    In 1994, Long Beach (California) Unified School District began requiring uniforms in all elementary and middle schools. Now, half of all urban school systems and many suburban schools have uniform policies. Research on uniforms' effectiveness is mixed. Tightened dress codes may be just as effective and less litigious. (MLH)

  19. School Uniforms Redux.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin

    2002-01-01

    Reviews a recent decision in "Littlefield" by the 5th Circuit upholding a school uniform policy. Advises board member who wish to adopt a school uniform policy to solicit input from parents and students, research the experiences of other school districts with uniform policies, and articulate the interests they wish to promote through uniform…

  20. 77 FR 21387 - Presidential Determination Pursuant to Section 1245(d)(4)(B) And (C) of the National Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office #0; #0; #0; Presidential... reserves, among other factors, I determine, pursuant to section 1245(d)(4)(B) and (C) of the National... volume of petroleum and petroleum products purchased from Iran by or through foreign...

  1. 关于国防生专业知识学习的认知与思考%Cognition and Thinking about the Professional Knowledge Learning of National Defense Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋

    2016-01-01

    依托普通高等教育培养军队干部是我军为适应信息化战争对人才的需求做出的重要举措。然而现实中,国防生总体学习情况并不理想。解决国防生专业学习问题,进一步提高人才培养质量,对服务国防现代化建设具有重要意义。本文从分析现象产生原因出发,提出具体的解决方案,论述国防生在校期间学习问题。%Cultivating military cadres depending on higher education is an important measure. It fits in with the demand that our military needs talents in IT-based warfare. But in reality, the overall learning of national defense students is not ideal. This paper is aimed at solving learning problems of national defense students in their major, thus further improving the quality of talent development, which is of great significance to national defense modernization construction. Based on analyzing causes of the situation, the paper puts forward specific solutions and deals with the learning problems of national defense students in college.

  2. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites collect visible and infrared cloud imagery as well as monitoring the atmospheric, oceanographic,...

  3. Uniform Facility Data Set US (UFDS-1997)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Uniform Facility Data Set (UFDS), formerly the National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Unit Survey or NDATUS, was designed to measure the scope and use of drug abuse...

  4. Examine How Botswana Defense Force in Concurrence with Other Instruments of National Power, Promote Botwana’s National Interests in a Multifarious International Security Environment Regionally

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    development and employment of military power will be fundamentally flawed. In a concise agreement with this viewpoint, Arthur F. Lykke, Jr. succinctly...our national security may be in danger.”117 The elements as 116 Drew and Snow, 20. 117 Arthur F...policymakers care about developing the NSS? Daniel J. Kaufman, David S. Clark , and Kevin P. Sheehan, in Dilday’s work, argue that it is important for

  5. 边区国防科学社考略%An Investigation of the National Defense Science Society in the Border Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新; 张藜

    2012-01-01

    边区国防科学社由董纯才等人创办于1938年2月。虽然规模很小,存在时间不长,但它是抗日战争时期根据地最早的科技社团之一。文章以原始报刊、文献为史料基础,对边区国防科学社的沿革以及主要人物、活动进行了梳理分析,指出以其为代表的科技社团这一组织形态在延安边区的出现,其意义在于开创了一种在落后地区中从事科技启蒙活动的组织模式,聚集和训练了一批日后成为中共重要科技干部的人才,同时也为中共科学技术观的逐步确立,为中共科技政策思想的逐步成熟提供了最初的实践经验。%The National Defense Science Society in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region was set by Dong Chuncai and others in February 1938. In spite of its small size and short existence it was one of the first science and technology organizations in the base areas during the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. Based on the original newspapers, magazines and other literature, this article makes an investigation and analysis of the evolution of the society and its main members and activities. The article also points out that the formation of the organizations of science and technology represented by the National Defense Science Society in Yan' an had great significance in that it created an organizational model of scientific and technological enlightenment activities in less developed areas, gathered and trained a contingent of talented persons who would come forward as important scientific and technical cadres of the CPC in future and provided the initial practical experience for the gradual establishment of the CPC' s outlook on science and technology and the gradual maturity of its policy ideas in this regard.

  6. The story of the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense's North American activities (1958-1970).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGanity, William J

    2005-05-01

    Of the 48 nutrition surveys conducted by the ICNND/Office of International Research/CDC Nutrition Programs during the years 1956-1970, 20 were performed in North America. Native Americans were surveyed in Alaska in 1958 and in Montana in 1961. In partnership with INCAP (Institute for Central America and Panama), six Central American countries were surveyed in 1965 through 1967. As mandated by Congress, 10 American states and one major city were surveyed during 1968-1970. Civilian and some military populations were included in these surveys. Teams of health, agriculture, and nutrition specialists drawn from academic institutions and from national and international agencies conducted each survey. We followed the methodology, standards, and definitions developed by ICNND in its Manual for Nutrition Surveys. Detailed findings, results and recommendations were published in a series of reports printed by the U.S. Government Printing Office. All 20 of the North American surveys found similar groups at risk of nutrition problems, including dental caries, goiter, growth retardation, female obesity, and "low" levels of hemoglobin, vitamin A, thiamin, and riboflavin. Survey recommendations followed common themes: nutrition education, nutrient fortification of food or water, expanded supplemental food programs, provision of safe water supplies, proper sanitation and food safety, and enhanced nutrient content of basic foods.

  7. 关于俄罗斯国家统一考试的几点思考%Some Thinking about National Uniform Examination in Russia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李诗明

    2012-01-01

    At first,Russia commonwealth followed the previous Soviet Union pattern of independent examination system.In October of 2001,some part of Russia implemented the experiment of national examination which took the place of high school graduation examination and university entrance examination,and implemented a unified national examination in 2006.The implement of Russia unified national examination reflected the authority of the state ideology under the great Russian chauvinism and contributed to the realization of fair education.%俄罗斯联邦起初沿袭了前苏联大学自主入学考试制度。2001年10月在部分地区进行以全国统考逐步取代中学毕业考试和大学入学考试的实验,并在2006年实行全国统考。俄罗斯国家统一考试制度的实行,体现了大俄罗斯主义下的国家权威思想,也有助于实现其教育公平。

  8. School Uniforms. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Karen

    2007-01-01

    Does clothing make the person or does the person make the clothing? How does what attire a student wears to school affect their academic achievement? In 1996, President Clinton cited examples of school violence and discipline issues that might have been avoided had the students been wearing uniforms ("School uniforms: Prevention or suppression?").…

  9. Games Uniforms Unveiled

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Linda

    2008-01-01

    The uniforms for Beijing Olympics’ workers, technical staff and volunteers have been unveiled to mark the 200-day countdown to the Games. The uniforms feature the key element of the clouds of promise and will be in three colors:red for Beijing Olympic Games Committee staff, blue

  10. Uniform magnesium oxide adsorbents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dash, J. G.; Ecke, R.; Stoltenberg, J.; Vilches, O. E.; Whittemore, O. J., Jr.

    1978-01-01

    Kr adsorption on MgO is used to characterize the surface uniformity of MgO smoke and thermally decomposed Mg(OH)2. It is found that initially heterogeneous samples develop progressively sharper stepwise isotherms with increasingly-high-temperature heat treatment, apparently due to the removal of imperfections and high-energy facets, leaving surfaces of highly uniform (100) planes.

  11. 32 CFR 37.1030 - What information must I report to the Defense Technical Information Center?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What information must I report to the Defense Technical Information Center? 37.1030 Section 37.1030 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Executing...

  12. An Analysis of the Best Available Unmanned Ground Vehicle in the Current Market with Respect to the Requirements of the Turkish Ministry of National Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    TURKISH MND ...................................................................................61 1. History of the Turkish Defense Industry...readers with a background on UGVs and to conduct UGV market research. Chapter III introduces the history of the Turkish defense industry and the Under...SLAM cartography , indoor/outdoor localization, and a follower/leader module. Open architecture is dependent upon a Multi- Agent System (MAS) that

  13. The waste isolation pilot plant. Permanent isolation of defense transuranic waste in deep geologic salt. A national solution and international model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franco, Jose; Van Luik, Abraham [US Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM (United States). Carlsbad Field Office

    2015-07-01

    The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant is located about 42 kilometers from the city of Carlsbad, New Mexico. It is an operating deep geologic repository in bedded salt 657 meters below the surface of the Chihuahuan desert. Since its opening in March of 1999, it has received about 12,000 shipments totaling about 91,000 cubic meters of defense related transuranic (TRU) wastes. Twenty-two sites have been cleaned up of their defense-legacy TRU waste. The WIPP's shipping program has an untarnished safety record and its trucks and trailers have safely traveled the equivalent of about 60 round-trips to the Moon. WIPP received, and deserved, a variety of safety accolades over its nearly 15 year working life. In February of 2014, however, two incidents resulted in a major operational suspension and reevaluation of its safety systems, processes and equipment. The first incident was an underground mining truck fire, followed nine days later by an airborne radiation release incident. Accident Investigation Board (AIB) reports on both incidents point to failures of plans, procedures and persons. The AIB recommendations for recovery from both these incidents are numerous and are being carefully implemented. One major recommendation is to no longer have different maintenance and safety requirements for nuclear handling equipment and mining equipment. Maintenance and cleanliness of mining equipment was cited as a contributing cause to the underground fire, and the idea that there can be lesser rigor in taking care of mining equipment, when it is being operated in the same underground space as the waste handling equipment, is not tenable. At some point in the future, the changes made in response to these two incidents will be seen as a valuable lesson learned on behalf of future repository programs. WIPP will once again be seen as a ''pilot'' in the nautical sense, in terms of 'showing the way' - the way to a national and international radioactive waste

  14. THE DEFENSE PLANNING SYSTEMS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laszlo STICZ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Defense planning in the Alliance is a fundamental element of the arrangements which enable its member countries to enjoy the crucial political, military and resource advantages of collective defense and other common military efforts to enhance security and stability. In this respect, the aim of this paper is to outline the role of the Armed Forces and the specific processes aiming to achieve the ultimate goal of a nation regarding national security, with focus on defense planning and the PDPS.

  15. The Relationship between the Russian National Character and the Victory of the War of National Defense in 1812%俄罗斯民族性格与1812年卫国战争的胜利

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑永旺

    2012-01-01

    The national character, the national spirit and the collective unconsciousness of a nation get mixed up together. The development of Russian people's character has close relations with the introduction of Orthodox. The idea of "Third Rome" is not only the expression of the Russian philosophy thinking, but also plays an important role as a weapon, by which Alexander Ⅰ appealed to all Russians to take part in fight against Antichrist's Great army. No doubt that the national character can affect its daily life, however the war in 1812 can be the best arena on which the national character shows its real value and power. The War of national defense in 1812 stimulated the intellectual world imagining the future of Russia and it simultaneously added new contents to the Russian nation character and spirit.%民族性格、民族精神与民族的集体无意识紧密相关。就俄罗斯人而言,其性格的形成与东正教的引入有密不可分的联系,而"第三罗马"思想不仅是俄罗斯哲学思维的表达方式,也是俄罗斯国家在遭受外敌入侵时亚历山大一世借以鼓噪民众反抗敌基督的武器。民族性格固然可以作用于日常生活,但战争无疑是其亮相的最佳舞台之一。1812年的卫国战争的进程和结果不但激发了俄罗斯知识分子对国家未来发展的想象,同时也为俄罗斯民族性格和俄罗斯民族精神的内涵增添了新的内容。

  16. 国防教育与大学生思想政治教育的融合%The Integration of National Defense Education and Ideological and Political Education of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付强

    2016-01-01

    National defense education in Colleges and universities and the ideological and political educa-tion of college students exist natural connection, the effective integration of national defense education in Colleges and universities and college students' Ideological and political education can not only college stu-dents patriotism, collectivism and socialist spiritual culture, set up the correct world outlook, outlook on life and values, you can also use national defense education in Colleges and universities disciplinary advantage hone students' courage to endure hardship, strong willed, law-abiding, good spirit.%高校国防教育和大学生思想政治教育之间存在天然的联系,将高校国防教育与大学生思想政治教育进行行之有效的融合,不仅可以培养大学生爱国主义、集体主义和社会主义精神,树立正确的世界观、人生观和价值观,还可以利用高校国防教育的学科优势磨练大学生勇于吃苦、坚定意志、遵纪守法等优良的精神。

  17. On University Students’ National Defense Education under the Context of New Media%新媒体视野下大学生国防教育的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢宁

    2013-01-01

      在新媒体环境下大学生的爱国主义认识受到了巨大冲击,传统的国防教育模式也受到了空前挑战。高校国防教育应及时把握住新媒体的特点,拓展国防教育的新阵地,并结合90后新媒体使用主体的合理诉求,认真研究在新媒体环境下大学生国防教育工作的具体对策。%The university students’ patriotism and their traditional national defense education mode face a great challenge in the environment of new media .Thus national defense education should conform to the features of new media ,blaze new paths ,correspond to the reasonable appeals of post-90s and explore the new strategies of national defense education in the context of new media .

  18. 案例教学法在高校国防教育课程中的应用研究%On the Application of Case Teaching in University Na-tional Defense Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢大雅

    2013-01-01

    目前高校国防教育存在的突出问题之一就是教学方法和手段相对落后,时代感、吸引力和感染力不强,对流行于国内外的案例教学法重视不够,推广不力。本文尝试从高校国防教育实施案例教学法的必要性和可行性入手,以中菲黄岩岛对峙事件为案例,探讨案例教学法在高校国防教育中的应用程序和方法,以及需要注意的事项。%One of the prominent problems of the current university national defense education is backward teaching methods and means, weak sense of the times, attraction and appeal, and insuf-ficient emphasis on case teaching approach and its populariza-tion. Starting from the necessity and feasibility of case teaching approach in university national defense education, exemplified by the Huangyan Island standoff, the application procedures and methods of case teaching approach in university national defense education are explored in this paper, and the issues needing at-tention are also discussed.

  19. Several Psychological Ways of Cultivating the Fighting Spirit of National Defense Students%国防生战斗力精神培育的几点心理途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张豪

    2014-01-01

    建设一支听党指挥、能打胜仗、作风优良的人民军队,这是党在新形势下提出的强军目标。国防生是我国国防的重要后备力量,是我军军官的主要来源之一,其战斗精神的强弱对能否顺利实现强军目标具有重要影响。本文试从心理学的角度提出几点国防生战斗力精神培育的途径。%To build an army of the people which obeys the com-mand of our Party, has the ability of winning battles and possess-es fine moral style, is a goal proposed by our Party to make the army powerful in the new situation. National defense students, as an important reserve force for China's national defense, are also a major source of China's military officers, so their fighting spirit is of important influence on realizing the goal of making the army powerful. From the perspective of psychology, several ways of cultivating the fighting spirit of national defense students are pro-posed in this paper.

  20. 国防工业合作创新中的国防知识产权分析%Intellectual Property for Cooperative Innovation of National Defense Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭永辉

    2012-01-01

    This paper firstly analyzes the types and development features of cooperative innovation for national defense industry. It systematically compares the difference between military and traditional intellectual property, and emphasizes the political nature and public welfare of military intellectual property. This paper also analyzes the influence of intellectual property on cooperative innovation from its mode and features. The result shows that the current system can' t efficiently control and manage the intellectual property risks and encourage cooperative innovation. Finally, it gives suggestions for the reform and perfect of intellectual property law system and management system.%分析国防工业合作创新的类型与发展特点。系统比较国防知识产权与普通知识产权间的主要差别,突出强调国防知识产权的政治性和公益性。从产权模式、产权特性等方面,全面剖析国防知识产权制度对国防工业合作创新的影响,指出目前的国防知识产权制度体系缺乏对知识产权风险等问题的有效约束和规范,不足以对国防合作创新形成有效激励。最后,提出国防知识产权法律体系和管理制度改革、完善的建议。

  1. 军校学员和国防生入伍体检的体会%Experience of Physical Examination about Military Academy and National Defense Student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠; 孙玺荣; 罗克品

    2011-01-01

    军队学员、国防生入伍体检是确保地方合格青年进入部队的一个重要环节,做好体检工作至关重要.为了保证体检工作的质量,医院成立了由医院领导负责的专门组织,由中级以上专业技术职务人员组成体检团队,运用单队列串行服务模式,在实践中形成了一套较完善的体检制度与操作规程,以“严、准、快”为内涵,保证所选拔的学员无一例被退返.%Physical examination of military academy and national defense students is an important step for a youth to be a real soldier. So, a good work for physical examination is very necessary. In order to do a better serv-ice , better management led by the leaders in our hospital, better team made up by intermediate professional titles at least and service mode of serial single - queue were put into practice. As a result, a perfect system and routine practice with the content of "exacting" ,"preciseness" and "speed" was being built up, which ensured no one cho-sen by our hospital was return to examination by higher authority.

  2. Is there a uniform approach to the management of diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD in the UK? A national benchmarking exercise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Partridge Martyn R

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Benchmarking is the comparison of a process to the work or results of others. We conducted a national benchmarking exercise to determine how UK pulmonologists manage common clinical scenarios in diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD, and to determine current use and availability of investigative resources. We compared management decisions to existing international guidelines. Methods Consultant members of the British Thoracic Society were mailed a questionnaire seeking their views on the management of three common scenarios in DPLD. They were asked to choose from various management options for each case. Information was also obtained from the respondents on time served as a consultant, type of institution in which they worked and the availability of a local radiologist and histopathologist with an interest/expertise in thoracic medicine. Results 370 out of 689 consultants replied (54% response rate. There were many differences in the approach to the management of all three cases. Given a scenario of relapsing pulmonary sarcoidosis in a lady with multiple co-morbidities, half of respondents would institute treatment with a variety of immunosuppressants while a half would simply observe. 42% would refer a 57-year old lady with new onset DPLD for a surgical lung biopsy, while a similar number would not. 80% would have referred her for transplantation, but a fifth would not. 50% of consultants from district general hospitals would have opted for a surgical biopsy compared to 24% from cardiothoracic centres: this may reflect greater availability of a radiologist with special interest in thoracic imaging in cardiothoracic centres, obviating the need for tissue diagnosis. Faced with an elderly male with high resolution CT thorax (HRCT evidence of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP, three quarters would observe, while a quarter would start immunosuppressants. 11% would refer for a surgical biopsy. 14% of UK pulmonologists responding

  3. Uniform-droplet spray forming

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blue, C.A.; Sikka, V.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Chun, Jung-Hoon [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Ando, T. [Tufts Univ., Medford, MA (United States)

    1997-04-01

    The uniform-droplet process is a new method of liquid-metal atomization that results in single droplets that can be used to produce mono-size powders or sprayed-on to substrates to produce near-net shapes with tailored microstructure. The mono-sized powder-production capability of the uniform-droplet process also has the potential of permitting engineered powder blends to produce components of controlled porosity. Metal and alloy powders are commercially produced by at least three different methods: gas atomization, water atomization, and rotating disk. All three methods produce powders of a broad range in size with a very small yield of fine powders with single-sized droplets that can be used to produce mono-size powders or sprayed-on substrates to produce near-net shapes with tailored microstructures. The economical analysis has shown the process to have the potential of reducing capital cost by 50% and operating cost by 37.5% when applied to powder making. For the spray-forming process, a 25% savings is expected in both the capital and operating costs. The project is jointly carried out at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Tuffs University, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Preliminary interactions with both finished parts and powder producers have shown a strong interest in the uniform-droplet process. Systematic studies are being conducted to optimize the process parameters, understand the solidification of droplets and spray deposits, and develop a uniform-droplet-system (UDS) apparatus appropriate for processing engineering alloys.

  4. Uniformly Convex Metric Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Kell Martin

    2014-01-01

    In this paper the theory of uniformly convex metric spaces is developed. These spaces exhibit a generalized convexity of the metric from a fixed point. Using a (nearly) uniform convexity property a simple proof of reflexivity is presented and a weak topology of such spaces is analyzed. This topology called co-convex topology agrees with the usualy weak topology in Banach spaces. An example of a $CAT(0)$-spaces with weak topology which is not Hausdorff is given. This answers questions raised b...

  5. A Proposed Model for Datacenter in -Depth Defense to Enhance Continual Security(Applied Study to ENR Datacenter – Egyptian National Railways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nashaat el-Khameesy

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Defense in Depth is practical strategy for achieving Information Assurance in today’s highly datacenter environments. It is a “best practices” strategy in that it relies on the intelligent application of techniques and technologies that exist today. The strategy recommends a balance between the protection capability and cost, performance, and operational considerations. This paper provides an overview of the major elements of the strategy and provides links to resources that provide additional insight. Companies need to address the security challenges of datacenter using a comprehensive defense-in-depth strategy. No single security solution will keep a determined thief from the goal of compromising the hardware or software given enough time and resources. Applying multiple layers of system security will slow the progress made by a thief, and hopefully, force the thief to abandon the pursuit, at the least, resale of the stolen property, and at worst, of confidential corporate data. The Defense in depth is the concept of protecting a Datacenter with a series of defensive mechanisms such that if one mechanism fails, another will already be in place to thwart an attack. In this paper, the main focus is given to highlight the security aspects of data center from perspectives of threats and attacks from one side and approaches for solutions from the other side. The paper also proposes an effective and flexible distributed scheme with two salient features. Our scheme achieves the integration of continual security improvement and Security Risk localization. This paper deals with the implementation of defense in depth at a strategic, principle-based level and provides additional guidance on specific sets of controls that may be applicable to support an organization’s defense in depth initiatives. The paper will present in Section (1 the Defense in depth concept, Section (2 Threats, Adversaries, Motivations, Classes of Attack and Vulnerability

  6. Reporting in the Mainstream Media in Western States on "China's National Defense Transparency"%西方国家主流媒体“中国国防透明度”报道研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭锐

    2012-01-01

    近年来,西方国家主流媒体关于“中国国防透明度”的新闻报道及认可程度并未因为中国国防透明度的显著提升而出现“正向相关”。通过对相关数据的采集和分析可以看出,西方国家主流媒体对中国国防透明度的认可程度与其国家同中国的政治友好程度“正向相关”,而与西方国家主流媒体的媒体实力“反向相关”。西方国家主流媒体对中国国防透明度的新闻报道主要受到价值观念、刻板印象和国家利益等因素的影响,使其对中国国防透明度的新闻报道呈现一种层次性,不同类别的国家对中国国防透明度的评判态度明显不一致。因此,中国国防透明度的建构迫切需要与国际传播紧密结合起来,即实现自我塑造与他者建构的契合。%In recent years, reporting in the mainstream media in Western states on "China"s national defense transparency" has not recognized the obvious trend in China towards increased transparency. An analysis of relevant data collected shows that the recognition of increased Chinese national de- fense transparency in the mainstream media in Western states is directly related to the level of a particular country's friendship with China, and inversely related to the influence of a particular mainstream media outlet. Reporting in the mainstream media in the West on China's national defense transparency is effected hy values, stereotypes, and national interests, and this results in a continum of reporting on Chinese national defense transpar- ency, with different types of states providing different assessments of the level of transparency. As a result, it is critical that the shaping of China's national defense transparency is linked to international media to ensure thatoverseas views more accurately reflect China's image.

  7. The Necessity and the Focus of Strengthening the Education in the College Students' Sense of Anxiety about National Defense%加强大学生国防忧患意识教育的必要性和着力点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王英

    2012-01-01

    大学生国防忧患意识水平关乎国防建设和国家安全,和平时期更要加强大学生国防忧患意识和国家安全意识教育,增强其国防责任感。为此,我们可从以下三方面着手:首先,要教育大学生牢固树立"国家利益高于一切"的观念;其次,引导大学生继承和弘扬中华民族忧患传统,培养和强化大学生的忧患意识;最后,加强国防形势教育,增强大学生国防忧患意识和责任感。%The level of college students' sense of anxiety about national defense is related to the national defense construction and the national security.The education in college students' sense of anxiety about national defense and the awareness of the national security should be strengthened to enhance their responsibilities of national defense in peacetime.Therefore,we can focus on the following three points.Firstly,we should make the college students establish the concept of "national interest above all else" firmly.Secondly,we should guide the college students to inherit and carry forward the tradition of anxiety sense so as to develop and strengthen their sense of anxiety about national defense.Finally,we should strengthen the education in the sense of anxiety about the situation of national defense and enhance the college students' sense of anxiety and responsibility of national defense.

  8. Antioxidative defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanović Jelka

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Free radicals occur constantly during metabolism and take part in numerous physiological processes, such as: intra-cellular and inter-cellular signalization, gene expression, removal of damaged or senescent cells, and control of the tone of blood vessels. However, there is an increased quantity of free radicals in situations of so-called oxidative stress, when they cause serious damage to cellular membranes (peroxidation of their lipids, damage of membrane proteins, and similar, to interior cellular protein molecules, as well as DNA molecules and carbohydrates. This is precisely why the organism has developed numerous mechanisms for removing free radicals and/or preventing their production. Some of these are enzyme-related and include superoxide-dismutase, catalase, glutathione-peroxidase, and others. Other, non-enzyme mechanisms, imply antioxidative activities of vitamins E and C, provitamin A, coenzyme Q, reduced glutation, and others. Since free radicals can leave the cell that has produced them and become dispersed throughout the body, in addition to antioxidative defense that functions within cellular structures, antioxidant extra-cellular defense has also been developed. This is comprised by: transferrin, lactoferrin, haptoglobin, hemopexin, ceruloplasmin, albumins, extra-cellular isoform SOD, extracellular glutathione-peroxidase, glucose, bilirubin, urates, and many other molecules.

  9. 军队科研机构推进国防知识产权转化运用%Analysis on the transformation and application of national defense intellectual property rights promoted by military scientiifc research institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹德斌; 张继东

    2016-01-01

    军队科研机构作为国家科技创新体系的重要组成部分,承担了大量科技创新任务,产生了许多具有自主知识产权的高水平科技成果,推动军队科研机构国防知识产权转化运用,是贯彻军民融合发展战略的必要途径。分析了军队科研机构国防知识产权转化的现状及制约转化的现实障碍,并结合实际探讨了推进军队科研机构国防知识产权转化的建议举措。%As an important part of national innovation system, the military research institutions undertake a large number of scientific and technological innovation tasks, produce a number of high level of scientific and technological achievements with independent intelectual property rights, and promote the national defense intelectual property rights by military scientific research institutions into application. It is a necessary way to implement the civil military integration development strategy. The study analyzes current situation of the military scientific research institutions’ national defense intelectual property rights transformation and obstacles restricting transformation, and discusses the measures to promote the transformation of national defense intelectual property rights of the military scientiifc research institutions.

  10. Uniform random number generators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farr, W. R.

    1971-01-01

    Methods are presented for the generation of random numbers with uniform and normal distributions. Subprogram listings of Fortran generators for the Univac 1108, SDS 930, and CDC 3200 digital computers are also included. The generators are of the mixed multiplicative type, and the mathematical method employed is that of Marsaglia and Bray.

  11. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 23, Number 3, Issue 78, July 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    for National Security and Resource Strategy Dr. J. Ronald Fox Harvard Business School Mr. David Gallop Defense Acquisition University Dr. Jacques...Predator: The Secret Origins of the Drone Revolution Written by Richard Whittle Reviewed by Julien Demotes-Mainard Mr. Patrick Fitzgerald Defense...Defense Acquisition Research Journal, formerly the Defense Acquisition Review Journal, is published quarterly by the Defense Acquisition University (DAU

  12. Uniform guidelines improve client care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, B

    1994-12-01

    Uniform national guidelines on the delivery of family planning methods and services improve client care, assuming these guidelines are based on current scientific information. Compliance with these guidelines yields safe and efficient delivery of family planning services. Service providers need information, training, supplies, and guidelines to deliver quality services. Guidelines contribute to consistency among family planning programs in different settings. Even though clinics may not provide the same services, the guidelines allow them to provide the same standards of care. Specifically, eligibility criteria, contraindications, and follow-up schedules are the same regardless of the service delivery point. Various international health organizations (such as World Health Organization, USAID, Program for International Training in Health, International Planned Parenthood Federation, and Association for Voluntary Surgical Contraception) have developed guidelines for family planning service delivery. Governments can use these documents to develop national family planning guidelines and policies. They should adapt the guidelines to local needs and consider program resources. After development of the national guidelines, training, workshops, and dissemination of written materials should be provided for policymakers, physicians, nurses, and other health providers. Countries that have either developed or are working to draft their own national guidelines are Cameroon, Ghana, Mexico, and Nepal.

  13. Continuity and Change in the Eighties and Beyond. Proceedings of the Natinal Security Affairs Conference (6th) Held 23-25 July 1979, National Defense University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-11-01

    enter the United States without inspection. Table 1 gives data on aliens either deported or required to depart from the United States by country of...Aerosp Defense Command and Ass stmnt Deputy Chieft of Staff for Operations. NORAD) CONAD ) General Adams is a g tduafe t,’of Ithe ULted States Mt litar

  14. Host Defense against Opportunist Microorganisms Following Trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-30

    02ELEMENT NO. NO.3S162 jNO. ACESSION NO. Frdeic, arlnd210150262772A 772A874 AA280 11. TITLF (Include Securrty Classification) (U) Host Defense Against...copy Dean School of Medicine Uniformed Services University of the Hlealth Sciences 4301 Jones Bridge Road’ Bethesda, MD 20814-4799 1 copy Commandant

  15. Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Introduction The Uniform requirements are instructions to authors on how to prepare manuscripts.If authors prepare their manuscripts in the style specified in these requirements, editors of the participating journals will not return the manuscripts for changes in style before considering them for publication.In the publishing process, however, the journals may alter accepted manuscripts to conform with details of their publication styles.

  16. Circular from January 26, 2004, taken for the enforcement of the by-law from January 26, 2004, relative to the national defense secrecy protection in the domain of nuclear materials protection and control; Circulaire du 26 janvier 2004 prise pour l'application de l'arrete du 26 janvier 2004 relatif a la protection du secret de la defense nationale dans le domaine de la protection et du controle des matieres nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-01-15

    The by-law of January 26, 2004 gives a regulatory foundation to the classification of sensible informations relative to the security and physical protection of nuclear materials. This circular recalls, in this framework, the conditions of implementation of the regulation relative to the protection of national defense secrecies in the domain of the protection of nuclear facilities and materials. (J.S.)

  17. Research of risk control problems in national defense universities laboratory equipment procurement%国防类高校实验室设备采购风险控制问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张原; 李鑫; 杜兴号

    2012-01-01

    As a national investment,the defense universities equipment tendering procurement is used to be the means to ensure the national defense science and technology research. In the conventional implementation process,due to the interference of various risk factors,the efficiency and results of procurement exist a certain deviation with the research needs. Therefore, the methods of studying defense research laboratory equipment bidding risk analysis and risk control have become an important issue that should be resolved as soon as possible for the defense universities even institutes. With the theory of corporate risk management and project risk management, combining the characteristics of bidding risk in the public sector , focusing on the analysis of the risks and losses caused by the defense research equipment in the bidding, this article proposes appropriate control strategies on this basis.%国防类高校设备招标采购作为国家投资,用于保障国防科技研究的手段,在以往的实施过程中,由于受到各种风险因素的干扰,采购的效率、结果与科研需要存在一定的偏离.因此,研究国防科研实验设备招标采购风险分析与风险控制的方法,成为国防类高校乃至研究所当前应尽快解决的重要课题.借助企业风险管理和项目风险管理理论,结合公共部门招标采购风险的特点,重点分析国防科研仪器设备在招标采购中存在的风险及其造成的损失,在此基础之上,提出相应的控制策略.

  18. Western Hemisphere Defense Policy Statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras , Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay have contributed to or led multi-national security operations and United Nations (UN...impact on regional and global peace and security and reflect the new realities of defense cooperation in the hemisphere. Working with Canada and...Mexico, DoD remains prepared to deter and defeat direct threats to our homeland. We partner with Canada on regional security issues such as an evolving

  19. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Film

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The United States Air Force Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Operational Linescan System (OLS) is a polar orbiting meteorological sensor with two...

  20. Fortresses and Icebergs: The Evolution of the Transatlantic Defense Market and the Implications for U.S. National Security Policy. Volume 1: Study Findings and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    rationale and the roadmap for our engagement with Europe on defense markets in support of our mutual security objectives. Dr. Jacques S. Gansler Roger C...Acquired by Northrop through Litton Industries. Leading producer of military and space navigation systems. Northrop Grumman Sperry Marine GmbH...when it acquired Litton Industries. Its subsidiaries Northrop Grumman Italia, Northrop Grumman LITEF and Northrop Grumman Sperry Marine, are all

  1. The Military Power of the People’s Republic of China. A Report to Congress Pursuant to the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Paper identifies the “ technological gap resulting from the Revolution in Military Affairs” as a development that will have a “major impact on China’s...the expanding technological gap between modern military forces and those of developing countries. The 2004 Defense White Paper identifies the... technological gap resulting from the revolution in military affairs” as having a “major impact on China’s security.” These concerns have prompted

  2. Collocation on uniform grids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amore, Paolo; Saenz, Ricardo A; Salvo, Koen [Facultad de Ciencias, CUICBAS, Universidad de Colima, Bernal DIaz del Castillo 340 Colima, Colima (Mexico); Fernandez, Francisco M [INIFTA (UNLP, CCT La Plata-Conicet), Diag. 113 y 64 S/N, Sucursal 4, Casilla de Correo 16, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)], E-mail: paolo.amore@gmail.com, E-mail: fernande@quimica.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: rasaenz@ucol.mx, E-mail: koen.salvo@gmail.com

    2009-03-20

    In this paper we derive four sets of sinc-like functions, defined on a finite interval and obeying different boundary conditions. The functions in each set are orthogonal and their nodes are uniformly distributed on the interval. We have applied each set to solve a large class of eigenvalue equations, with different boundary conditions, both on finite intervals and on the real line, showing that precise numerical results can be obtained efficiently and rapidly. A comparison with results available in the literature is also performed.

  3. Women in service uniforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Karaszewska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the problems of women who work in the uniformed services with the particular emphasis on the performing of the occupation of the prison service. It presents the legal issues relating to equal treatment of men and women in the workplace, formal factors influencing their employment, the status of women in prison, and the problems of their conducting in the professional role. The article also presents the results of research conducted in Poland and all over the world, on the functioning of women in prison and their relations with officers of the Prison Service, as well as with inmates.

  4. The uniform electron gas

    CERN Document Server

    Loos, Pierre-François

    2016-01-01

    The uniform electron gas or UEG (also known as jellium) is one of the most fundamental models in condensed-matter physics and the cornerstone of the most popular approximation --- the local-density approximation --- within density-functional theory. In this article, we provide a detailed review on the energetics of the UEG at high, intermediate and low densities, and in one, two and three dimensions. We also report the best quantum Monte Carlo and symmetry-broken Hartree-Fock calculations available in the literature for the UEG and discuss the phase diagrams of jellium.

  5. Uniform gradient expansions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Giovannini

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Cosmological singularities are often discussed by means of a gradient expansion that can also describe, during a quasi-de Sitter phase, the progressive suppression of curvature inhomogeneities. While the inflationary event horizon is being formed the two mentioned regimes coexist and a uniform expansion can be conceived and applied to the evolution of spatial gradients across the protoinflationary boundary. It is argued that conventional arguments addressing the preinflationary initial conditions are necessary but generally not sufficient to guarantee a homogeneous onset of the conventional inflationary stage.

  6. Uniform distribution of sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Kuipers, L

    2006-01-01

    The theory of uniform distribution began with Hermann Weyl's celebrated paper of 1916. In later decades, the theory moved beyond its roots in diophantine approximations to provide common ground for topics as diverse as number theory, probability theory, functional analysis, and topological algebra. This book summarizes the theory's development from its beginnings to the mid-1970s, with comprehensive coverage of both methods and their underlying principles.A practical introduction for students of number theory and analysis as well as a reference for researchers in the field, this book covers un

  7. Uniform gradient expansions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giovannini, Massimo, E-mail: massimo.giovannini@cern.ch [Department of Physics, Theory Division, CERN, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); INFN, Section of Milan-Bicocca, 20126 Milan (Italy)

    2015-06-30

    Cosmological singularities are often discussed by means of a gradient expansion that can also describe, during a quasi-de Sitter phase, the progressive suppression of curvature inhomogeneities. While the inflationary event horizon is being formed the two mentioned regimes coexist and a uniform expansion can be conceived and applied to the evolution of spatial gradients across the protoinflationary boundary. It is argued that conventional arguments addressing the preinflationary initial conditions are necessary but generally not sufficient to guarantee a homogeneous onset of the conventional inflationary stage.

  8. 75 FR 5289 - Defense Health Board (DHB) Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... Defense Health Board Subcommittees will present updates to the Board: National Capital Region Base... Forces, Military/ Occupational Health and Medical Surveillance, and the Psychological Health...

  9. 32 CFR 644.333 - Screening for defense needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Screening for defense needs. 644.333 Section 644... Screening for defense needs. Real property which becomes excess to the needs of any element of the Army or... the property is excess to the needs of the using command, without screening for other requirements....

  10. Trends in Nunn-McCurdy Cost Breaches for Major Defense Acquisition Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    Demilitarization - Chemical Materials Agency Bechtel National Inc., Westinghouse, Washington Demil Co., EG&G Defense Materials, Parsons Infra...Engineers & Construction, Raytheon Demil Company, Bechtel National, Inc., EG&G Defense Materials Comanche Reconnaissance Attack Helicopter Boeing

  11. The Strategy Research of Russia National Defense Industry Integrating the Armed Forces%俄罗斯国防工业“寓军于民”战略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范肇臻; 武奇华

    2012-01-01

    俄罗斯国防工业从国家战略上重视国防工业军民融合,大力推行军转民政策。尤其在军事航天装备上,更是体现国家从战略高度上的重视和一系列政策支持。国家政策支持、循序渐进的改革以及在军工企业之间建立有效的军转民协调机制就显得十分重要。%Russian defense industry from the national strategic emphasis on military and civilian integration of defense industries,vigorously promote the conversion policy.Especially in the military and aerospace equipment,but also reflect the importance attached by the countries from a strategic height and a range of policy support.National policy support between the military industrial enterprises to establish an effective coordination mechanism of conversion is very important.

  12. 国防生群体所存在的心理矛盾分析及其对策探讨%Analysis and Countermeasures on the Mentality Contra-diction of National Defense Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      健康良好的心理素质是军事人才的基本素质,对日益成为军队生长干部重要来源的国防生而言,心理素质水平直接关系到部队人才队伍建设的质量。本文分析了高校国防生群体所存在的一些心理矛盾和冲突,探究了这些心理矛盾存在的原因,并在此基础上提出了加强环境建设、加强心理教育、优化管理模式三个方面的对策与建议。%Healthy and fine psychological quality is the basic quality for military qualified person,to those national defense stu-dents who are growing to be the important source of the army cadres, psychological quality is related directly to the construc-tion of military qualified person. This article analyses the mental-ity contradiction and collision exist in college national defense students ,explores reasons of these mentality contradiction, and makes suggestions from three aspects:strengthen environment construction,strengthen psychology education and optimum man-agement model.

  13. Uniform Exponential Growth in Algebras /

    OpenAIRE

    Briggs, Christopher Alan

    2013-01-01

    We consider uniform exponential growth in algebras. We give conditions for the uniform exponential growth of descending-filtered algebras and prove that an N-graded algebra has uniform exponential growth if it has exponential growth. We use this to prove that Golod- Shafarevich algebras and group algebras of Golod- Shafarevich groups have uniform exponential growth. We prove that the twisted Laurent extension of a free commutative polynomial algebra with respect to an endomorphism with some e...

  14. Relying on Geographical Advantages of Red Culture and Promoting the Development of National Defense Education in Depth and Breadth to Explore the Ways of Developing Weinan Normal University's National Defense Education Activity%依托地域红色文化资源推动国防教育纵深发展--渭南师范学院国防教育活动途经探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马耀斌

    2014-01-01

    面对国防教育活动形式单一,缺乏特色的现状,渭南师范学院结合学校所处的地域资源和地域文化优势,探索性地依托地域红色文化资源优势,通过对学生进行红色校史教育、革命圣地教育、“战地学风”宣讲等活动,有步骤地推动国防教育活动朝纵深发展,使国防教育引领学风校风,不断激发学生报效国家的自觉性和坚定性。%In the face of national defense education activities in the form of a single, lack of features, combined with the re-gional resources and geographical and cultural advantages in Weinan Normal University, the paper is exploratory to rely on the re-gional advantage of red cultural resources, by the red-school history education for students, the sacred place of the revolution of edu-cation, and the preaching activities of“the Battlefield Study Style”, step by step to promote the national defense education activities in depth development.

  15. Should School Nurses Wear Uniforms?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of School Health, 2001

    2001-01-01

    This 1958 paper questions whether school nurses should wear uniforms (specifically, white uniforms). It concludes that white uniforms are often associated with the treatment of ill people, and since many people have a fear reaction to them, they are not necessary and are even undesirable. Since school nurses are school staff members, they should…

  16. The US-Japan Alliance: Sharing the Burden of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    expenditures to GNP. Japan Is also far down the list in defense spending per capita, behind nations such as Sweden, Australia, and Canada. Table 1.2 compares...TABLES Figures 1.1 Trends in Japanese Defense Spending ................. 14 Tables 1.1 Defense Expenditures of Major Countries ............... 12 1.2...Percentage Breakdown of Japanese Defense Expenditures by Category, FY 1977-1981 ............ 40 3.3 Disposition of US Forces in Japan

  17. The Uniform Rugosity Effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnivard, Matthieu; Bucur, Dorin

    2012-06-01

    Relying on the effect of microscopic asperities, one can mathematically justify that viscous fluids adhere completely on the boundary of an impermeable domain. The rugosity effect accounts asymptotically for the transformation of complete slip boundary conditions on a rough surface in total adherence boundary conditions, as the amplitude of the rugosities vanishes. The decreasing rate (average velocity divided by the amplitude of the rugosities) computed on close flat layers is definitely influenced by the geometry. Recent results prove that this ratio has a uniform upper bound for certain geometries, like periodical and "almost Lipschitz" boundaries. The purpose of this paper is to prove that such a result holds for arbitrary (non-periodical) crystalline boundaries and general (non-smooth) periodical boundaries.

  18. Uniform quantized electron gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Høye, Johan S.; Lomba, Enrique

    2016-10-01

    In this work we study the correlation energy of the quantized electron gas of uniform density at temperature T  =  0. To do so we utilize methods from classical statistical mechanics. The basis for this is the Feynman path integral for the partition function of quantized systems. With this representation the quantum mechanical problem can be interpreted as, and is equivalent to, a classical polymer problem in four dimensions where the fourth dimension is imaginary time. Thus methods, results, and properties obtained in the statistical mechanics of classical fluids can be utilized. From this viewpoint we recover the well known RPA (random phase approximation). Then to improve it we modify the RPA by requiring the corresponding correlation function to be such that electrons with equal spins can not be on the same position. Numerical evaluations are compared with well known results of a standard parameterization of Monte Carlo correlation energies.

  19. Uniformly rotating neutron stars

    CERN Document Server

    Boshkayev, Kuantay

    2016-01-01

    In this chapter we review the recent results on the equilibrium configurations of static and uniformly rotating neutron stars within the Hartle formalism. We start from the Einstein-Maxwell-Thomas-Fermi equations formulated and extended by Belvedere et al. (2012, 2014). We demonstrate how to conduct numerical integration of these equations for different central densities ${\\it \\rho}_c$ and angular velocities $\\Omega$ and compute the static $M^{stat}$ and rotating $M^{rot}$ masses, polar $R_p$ and equatorial $R_{\\rm eq}$ radii, eccentricity $\\epsilon$, moment of inertia $I$, angular momentum $J$, as well as the quadrupole moment $Q$ of the rotating configurations. In order to fulfill the stability criteria of rotating neutron stars we take into considerations the Keplerian mass-shedding limit and the axisymmetric secular instability. Furthermore, we construct the novel mass-radius relations, calculate the maximum mass and minimum rotation periods (maximum frequencies) of neutron stars. Eventually, we compare a...

  20. The Current Situation of Enrollment Motivations of National Defense Students and the Countermeasures in Enrollment%国防生入学动机现状及招生对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊义发; 杨焱

    2011-01-01

    经过十年的努力,国防生这个新兴群体的教育培养和管理机制已初步形成,毕业国防生也成为了国防后备力量的重要组成部分。但不可否认的是,国防生培养工作还存在生源不足、生源质量不高等问题。造成这些问题的原因是多方面的,其中入学动机的偏差是主要原因之一,这已成为制约国防生发展的重要因素。为提高国防生生源数量和质量,应充分发挥各高校选培办的主观能动性,加大招生宣传的力度和广度,完善各种政策,采取切实可行的措施,端正国防生的入学动机,把优质生源选拔到国防生队伍中来。%After decennary efforts, the training and management mechanism of national defence students has been formed and national defence students have become the vital part of military reserving forces. But it is undeniable that the enrollment of national defense students is faced with many problems such as deficiency and low quality in enrollment resources. The causes lie in many aspects, of which the difference of enrollment motivation is one of the major reasons, which is the important factor restraining the development of the national defence students. To improve the quantity and quality of enrollment resources of national defense students, colleges and universities should exert their subjective activities, strengthen and broaden enrollment publicity, perfect policies, adopt feasible measures, correct the e nrollment motivation of national defence students and enroll high-quality resources of national defence students.

  1. A study on the market-oriented reform of national defense intellectual property operation%国防知识产权运营市场化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨筱; 曾立; 杨闽湘

    2016-01-01

    It is of great importance to reform institutional mechanisms that hinder defense intelectual property operation. Market-oriented reform is a good way to promote defense intelectual property operation with reference to the experience of ordinary intelectual property operation. To push market-oriented reform, we should focus on current market failures and handle the relationship between government and market. We can innovate government governance mode,introduce the market mechanism,promote laws and regulations construction and build public service platform.%提高国防知识产权转化应用水平,关键是解决制约国防知识产权转化应用的体制机制问题。可借鉴普通知识产权运营经验,以市场化方式促进国防知识产权运营工作。针对当前运营中出现的市场失灵现象,从创新政府治理模式、引入市场机制、增强法律法规建设、搭建公共服务平台等途径入手,逐步理顺政府与市场的关系,进行国防知识产权运营市场化改革。

  2. Nurses' uniform: an investigation of mobility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stubbs, D A; Buckle, P W; Hudson, M P; Butler, P E; Rivers, P M

    1985-01-01

    An investigation of the mobility of nurses under three clothing conditions is reported. The need for such a study has arisen as a result of the concern over a possible mismatch between mobility and patient handling requirements. Thirty-seven nurses participated under two of the clothing conditions ('National' dress uniform, Trouser/tunic combination). In addition, ten of these nurses volunteered to provide control data by being measured in a leotard or a swimming costume. Eleven static and sixteen dynamic anthropometric measures were considered. Each nurse was asked to complete a short questionnaire, relating to her subjective attitudes to the uniform and to her own physical state at the time of measurement. Whilst both uniforms imposed restrictions on the shoulder girdle and trunk of up to 10%, the area of greatest concern was the mobility of the hip joint. Hip flexion was reduced by 26% in the dress uniform. The implications of these findings for patient handling procedures are discussed, as are those of the relationship between the environment and the material. Uniform and the nursing image is also considered.

  3. Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan. Report to Congress in accordance with the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act (Section 1230, Public Law 110-181)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Program UNHCR United Nations High Council for Refugees UNODC United Nations Office of Drug Control USAID U.S Agency for International Development...of the law interpret it as violating the Afghan Constitution’s guarantee of equality between the 47 sexes when the bill gives husbands the right to

  4. 32 CFR 37.895 - How is the final performance report to be sent to the Defense Technical Information Center?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... to the Defense Technical Information Center? 37.895 Section 37.895 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT... How is the final performance report to be sent to the Defense Technical Information Center?...

  5. Uniformity testing: assessment of a centralized web-based uniformity analysis system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klempa, Meaghan C

    2011-06-01

    Uniformity testing is performed daily to ensure adequate camera performance before clinical use. The aim of this study is to assess the reliability of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center's locally built, centralized, Web-based uniformity analysis system by examining the differences between manufacturer and Web-based National Electrical Manufacturers Association integral uniformity calculations measured in the useful field of view (FOV) and the central FOV. Manufacturer and Web-based integral uniformity calculations measured in the useful FOV and the central FOV were recorded over a 30-d period for 4 cameras from 3 different manufacturers. These data were then statistically analyzed. The differences between the uniformity calculations were computed, in addition to the means and the SDs of these differences for each head of each camera. There was a correlation between the manufacturer and Web-based integral uniformity calculations in the useful FOV and the central FOV over the 30-d period. The average differences between the manufacturer and Web-based useful FOV calculations ranged from -0.30 to 0.099, with SD ranging from 0.092 to 0.32. For the central FOV calculations, the average differences ranged from -0.163 to 0.055, with SD ranging from 0.074 to 0.24. Most of the uniformity calculations computed by this centralized Web-based uniformity analysis system are comparable to the manufacturers' calculations, suggesting that this system is reasonably reliable and effective. This finding is important because centralized Web-based uniformity analysis systems are advantageous in that they test camera performance in the same manner regardless of the manufacturer.

  6. 对国防生新训前后心理健康状况和个性特征的调查%Investigation on Mental Health and Personality of National Defense Students before and after Entrance-training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜国瑞; 王蕾

    2009-01-01

    [Objective] To analyze the change of mental health and personality of national defense students before and after entrance-training as well as the reasons.[Methods]With the " Physiological and psychological state of self-rating scale " (SCL-90) and "The Hans J. Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire" (EPQ), 84 national defense students of 2008 grade from some military schools in Nanjing and Wuhan were tested before and after entrance-training.[Results]A total of 81 questionnaires were returned before training, among which 79 were valid, 46 from male and 33 from female. A total of 80 questionnaires were returned after training, 77 were valid, 43 from male and 34 from female. The factor score of crankiness in SCL-90 of the male students before the training was higher than that after the training, the difference was significant(P<0.01); The factor score of E factor and L factor in EPQ of the male students after the training was significantly lower than before (P<0.05).[Conclusion]The male students have stronger plasticity and strict self-demanding, the overall conditions of mental health are good among national defense students.%目的 旨在分析和比较国防生新训前后心理健康状况和个性特征的变化及其原因.方法 采用生理心理状况自评量表(SCL-90)和艾森克个性问卷(EPQ)对南京和武汉某军校2008级84名国防生入学新训前后分别进行测验.结果 新训前共回收81份问卷,其中有效问卷79份,男生46人,女性33人.新训后共回收80份问卷,其中有效问卷77份,男生43人,女生34人.国防男生在SCL-90中,偏执因子的后测得分高于前测得分,且差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);在EPQ中,E因子和L因子的后测得分均低于前测得分,且差异显著(P<0.05).结论 国防男生可塑性较强,自我要求严格,全体国防生心理健康状况良好.

  7. 论跨文化交际中国家语言权利的捍卫%Defense of national linguistic rights in cross-cultural communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭兴

    2013-01-01

    The dominant position of English language in the cross-cultural communication poses a severe impact on the Chinese national linguistic security. Based on the development of national economy, the government should encourage its national to be engaged in the foreign language studies and elevate communicative value of national language in order to realize the ultimate goal of defending national linguistic rights.%  英语在跨文化交际中的强势地位严重冲击了中国国家语言安全。政府应在发展本国国民经济的基础上,鼓励国民进行外语学习,提高民族语言在跨文化交际中的交际价值,最终实现捍卫国家语言权利的目的。

  8. Assessment indices for uniform and non-uniform thermal environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Different assessment indices for thermal environments were compared and selected for proper assessment of indoor thermal environments.30 subjects reported their overall thermal sensation,thermal comfort,and thermal acceptability in uniform and non-uniform conditions.The results show that these three assessment indices provide equivalent evaluations in uniform environments.However,overall thermal sensation differs from the other two indices and cannot be used as a proper index for the evaluation of non-uniform environments.The relationship between the percentage and the mean vote for each index is established.

  9. Uniform Tests of File Converters Using Unit Cubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    and easy tool. This allows BRL–CAD to act as a hub for conversion and, in turn, increases the number of users of BRL–CAD. The converters all work...Design FASTGEN Fast Shotline Generator GDiff Geometry Differences GUI graphical user interface STL STereoLithography 6 1 DEFENSE... user to convert from different geometry file types. The goal of this project is to create a uniform test for every file converter. This test is the

  10. Application Research on Performance Margin Guarantee Money in National Defense Contract%履约差额担保金在国防合同中应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵勇; 周永山; 马廷浩

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduced the differences between performance guarantee money with the earnest money and bid guar- antee money, and compared with the mode of performance bonding at home and abroad. And through analyzing the law property of performance margin guarantee money, the result demonstrates the necessity and possibility of Chinese national defense contract which is used in performance margin guarantee money.%阐述了履约保证金与定金和投标保证金的区别,分析了履约保证金的法律性质,并对现行国内外履约担保模式进行了比较,论证了其在我国国防合同应用的必要性和可行性。

  11. 对GMD系统拦截时机与空域的分析与研究%Study and Analyses of the Time and Airspace of Interception for National Missile Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲜勇; 斯文辉

    2011-01-01

    The disposition of National Missile Defense and its future plan of development are studied in this paper. Its battle flow and time sequence of launch are analyzed. The time and airspace of interception are gained through theoretical analysis and simulation. This paper has done some theoretical groundwork that is helpful for the future technology of penetration of strategic missile.%通过对地基中段防御系统(GMD)部署现状以及未来发展计划的研究,分析了GMD系统的作战过程以及发射时序,经过理论分析和攻防仿真实验,计算得到GMD系统的拦截空域、拦截时机,为未来战略导弹的突防技术研究打下了一定的基础.

  12. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 555 - Director of Defense Research and Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Director of Defense Research and Engineering A... Engineering June 14, 1974. Memorandum for Assistant Secretaries of the Military Departments (R&D) Subject: Non... Engineering Assistant Secretary of Defense (Comptroller). Subject: Non-Defense Work in DOD Laboratories and R...

  13. Charting the Nation’s Course: Strategic Planning Processes in the 1952-53 "New Look" and the 1996-97 Quadrennial Defense Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    step in the study defines several alternative methods for conducting strategic planning , including how using those methods could influence the outcome...This study analyzes how the processes used in the national security planning influence the results. It begins by discussing the nature of strategic ... planning for national security, eventually defining it as a disciplined effort involving the allocation of resources to programmed activities aimed at

  14. 78 FR 53497 - Uniform Procedures for State Highway Safety Grant Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Uniform Procedures for State Highway Safety Grant Programs AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT. ACTION: Request for public comment on..., National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Office of Regional Operations and Program...

  15. 32 CFR 1602.3 - Aliens and nationals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Aliens and nationals. 1602.3 Section 1602.3 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 1602.3 Aliens and nationals. (a) The term alien means any person who is not a citizen or national of the...

  16. Recognizing plant defense priming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez-Medina, A.; Flors, V.; Heil, M.; Mauch-Mani, B.; Pieterse, C.M.J.; Pozo, M.J.; Ton, J.; Van Dam, N.M.; Conrath, U.

    2016-01-01

    Defense priming conditions diverse plant species for the superinduction of defense, often resulting in enhanced pest and disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance. Here, we propose a guideline that might assist the plant research community in a consistent assessment of defense priming in plant

  17. School Uniforms: Esprit de Corps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Rosemary P.; Ryan, Thomas E.

    1998-01-01

    The benefits of school uniforms far outweigh their short-term costs. School uniforms not only keep students safe, but they increase their self-esteem, promote a more positive attitude toward school, lead to improved student behavior, and help blur social-class distinctions. Students are allowed to wear their own political or religious messages,…

  18. Nation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2014-01-01

    Nation er et gammelt begreb, som kommer af det latinske ord for fødsel, natio. Nationalisme bygger på forestillingen om, at mennesker har én og kun én national identitet og har ret til deres egen nationalstat. Ordet og forestillingen er kun godt 200 år gammel, og i 1900-tallet har ideologien bredt...... sig over hele verden. Nationalisme er blevet global....

  19. Reducing Supplier Oversight: An Analysis of Supplier Quality Assurance Practices Used by Defense Contractors and Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Winners

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    7 1. Total Quality Management Definition . . . . 8 2. Continuous Quality Improvement..........9 C. THE MALCOLM BALDRIGE NATIONAL...what is known as the "Total Quality Management" philosophy in running their businesses.[Ref. 5:p. 2] 1. Total Quality Management Definition Total

  20. Statistical Test for Bivariate Uniformity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenmin Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the multidimension uniformity test is to check whether the underlying probability distribution of a multidimensional population differs from the multidimensional uniform distribution. The multidimensional uniformity test has applications in various fields such as biology, astronomy, and computer science. Such a test, however, has received less attention in the literature compared with the univariate case. A new test statistic for checking multidimensional uniformity is proposed in this paper. Some important properties of the proposed test statistic are discussed. As a special case, the bivariate statistic test is discussed in detail in this paper. The Monte Carlo simulation is used to compare the power of the newly proposed test with the distance-to-boundary test, which is a recently published statistical test for multidimensional uniformity. It has been shown that the test proposed in this paper is more powerful than the distance-to-boundary test in some cases.

  1. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

  2. 国防技术秘密登记备案管理制度有效实施的因素分析%The Factors Analysis of the National Defense of Technology Secret Grade Record of Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仇蕾安

    2015-01-01

    在分析国防科技工业技术秘密等级备案管理制度等理论的基础上,将国防秘密的相关主体细化为“军方、企业、技术人员”三个博弈主体,利用博弈原理归纳三主体间的博弈关系,提出相应的理论假设,构建技术人员、企业、军方三者之间的动态博弈模型,通过博弈均衡解,得出相关的影响因素以及这些影响因素的作用方式,为提高技术人员进行国防技术秘密登记备案、企业和军方稳定合作的相对收益,提供相应的政策参考依据。%This paper ,based on the analysis of the national defense science ,technology and industry technical secret level for the record manage‐ment system theory ,make the related subject divided into "the army ,enterprises ,technical personnel" ,using the game theory ,the game relation between the three subjects ,puts forward the corresponding theoretical assumptions. Building the dynamic game model among the technical person‐nel ,enterprises and military ,by the game equilibrium solution ,it is concluded that the related influence factors and the effect of these factors. In order to improve technical personnel register put on record ,corporate and military defense technology secret relative gains stable cooperation ,pro‐vide the corresponding policy reference .

  3. Defense Primer: The National Defense Budget Function (050)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-17

    provides a framework for examining spending patterns of the federal government by category of activity, rather than by agency or type of financing...Within the system, spending categories are called functions, and each is coded with both an explanatory title and numeric code ending in zero (and shown

  4. Uniform Acceleration in General Relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Friedman, Yaakov

    2016-01-01

    We extend de la Fuente and Romero's defining equation for uniform acceleration in a general curved spacetime from linear acceleration to the full Lorentz covariant uniform acceleration. In a flat spacetime background, we have explicit solutions. We use generalized Fermi-Walker transport to parallel transport the Frenet basis along the trajectory. In flat spacetime, we obtain velocity and acceleration transformations from a uniformly accelerated system to an inertial system. We obtain the time dilation between accelerated clocks. We apply our acceleration transformations to the motion of a charged particle in a constant electromagnetic field and recover the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation.

  5. 78 FR 24185 - Board of Regents of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Notice of Quarterly...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... appointments and promotions in the School of Medicine, Graduate School of Nursing and the Postgraduate Dental... Office of the Secretary Board of Regents of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Notice of Quarterly Meeting AGENCY: Department of Defense, Uniformed Services University of the Health...

  6. Sckool Dress Rule, Uniform Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘志强

    2005-01-01

    Our schools believe that a uniform policy will provide a better environment, promote positive selfesteem, encourage an atmosphere for greater discipline, and increase learning opportunities for students by removing many of the distractions associated with various types of clothing.

  7. Uniform polyhedra: old and new

    CERN Document Server

    Melikhov, Sergey A

    2011-01-01

    We develop a theory of metric polyhedra, including locally infinite dimensional ones. Motivated by algebraic topology, we focus on their uniform properties (i.e., those preserved by homeomorphisms that are uniformly continuous in both directions) but in doing so we also study their metric and Lipschitz properties. On the combinatorial side, (the face posets of) simplicial or cubical complexes do not suffice for this, and we have to rework some basic PL topology into a purely combinatorial machinery (with all homeomorphisms eliminated in favor of combinatorial isomorphisms) based on posets and their canonical subdivision (which is just the poset of all order intervals of the given poset, ordered by inclusion). Antecedents of this approach to PL topology are found in van Kampen's 1929 dissertation and in modern Topological Combinatorics. Our main results establish, in particular, close but troubled relations between uniform polyhedra and uniform ANRs, and appear to provide a satisfactory solution to an open-end...

  8. Landing the uniformly accelerating observers

    OpenAIRE

    Rothenstein, Bernhard; Popescu, Stefan; Gruber, Ronald P.

    2006-01-01

    Observers of the uniformly accelerating observers or the observers who make up the system of uniformly accelerating observers reach the same velocity V at different times ti which depends on V and on theirs acceleration gi. Considering a platform that moves with constant velocity V, the observers can land smoothly on it. Their ages and locations in the inertial reference frame attached to the platform are reckoned and compared.

  9. Moving Target Defense

    CERN Document Server

    Jajodia, Sushil; Swarup, Vipin; Wang, Cliff; Wang, X Sean

    2011-01-01

    Moving Target Defense: Creating Asymmetric Uncertainty for Cyber Threats was developed by a group of leading researchers. It describes the fundamental challenges facing the research community and identifies new promising solution paths. Moving Target Defense which is motivated by the asymmetric costs borne by cyber defenders takes an advantage afforded to attackers and reverses it to advantage defenders. Moving Target Defense is enabled by technical trends in recent years, including virtualization and workload migration on commodity systems, widespread and redundant network connectivity, instr

  10. Unfolding Green Defense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristian Knus

    2015-01-01

    consumption in military operations, defense expenditure, energy security, and global climate change. The report then proceeds to introduce the NATO Green Defence Framework before exploring specific current uses of green technologies and green strategies for defense. The report concludes that a number...

  11. Avian host defense peptides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Tryntsje; Coorens, M.; van Dijk, A.; Haagsman, H.P.

    2013-01-01

    Host defense peptides (HDPs) are important effector molecules of the innate immune system of vertebrates. These antimicrobial peptides are also present in invertebrates, plants and fungi. HDPs display broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and fulfill an important role in the first line of defense

  12. Defense Mechanisms: A Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, Bonnie C.

    This bibliography includes studies of defense mechanisms, in general, and studies of multiple mechanisms. Defense mechanisms, briefly and simply defined, are the unconscious ego defendants against unpleasure, threat, or anxiety. Sigmund Freud deserves the clinical credit for studying many mechanisms and introducing them in professional literature.…

  13. TRICARE; Changes included in the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007; authorization of anesthesia and other costs for dental care for children and certain other patients. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-25

    This final rule implements section 702 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007, Public Law 109-364. The rule provides coverage of contracted medical care with respect to dental care beyond that care required as a necessary adjunct to medical or surgical treatment. The entitlement of institutional and anesthesia services is authorized in conjunction with non-covered dental treatment for patients with developmental, mental, or physical disabilities or for pediatric patients age 5 or under. This final rule does not eliminate any contracted medical care that is currently covered for spouses and children. The entitlement of anesthesia services includes general anesthesia services only. Institutional services include institutional benefits associated with both hospital and in-out surgery settings. Patients with developmental, mental, or physical disabilities are those patients with conditions that prohibit dental treatment in a safe and effective manner. Therefore, it is medically or psychologically necessary for these patients to require general anesthesia for dental treatment.

  14. Common loon nest defense against an American mink

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Kyle P.; Destefano, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    We describe a successful nest defense strategy of an adult Gavia immer (Common Loon) during an attempted predation event by a Nevison vison (American Mink) at Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge, NH. It is suspected that mink occasionally depredate loon nests, but defense strategies have not been described previously.

  15. A Uniform Framework of Global Nuclear Materials Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dupree, S.A.; Mangan, D.L.; Sanders, T.L; Sellers, T.A.

    1999-04-20

    Global Nuclear Materials Management (GNMM) anticipates and supports a growing international recognition of the importance of uniform, effective management of civilian, excess defense, and nuclear weapons materials. We expect thereto be a continuing increase in both the number of international agreements and conventions on safety, security, and transparency of nuclear materials, and the number of U.S.-Russian agreements for the safety, protection, and transparency of weapons and excess defense materials. This inventory of agreements and conventions may soon expand into broad, mandatory, international programs that will include provisions for inspection, verification, and transparency, To meet such demand the community must build on the resources we have, including State agencies, the IAEA and regional organizations. By these measures we will meet the future expectations for monitoring and inspection of materials, maintenance of safety and security, and implementation of transparency measures.

  16. On topological spaces possessing uniformly distributed sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Bogachev, V I

    2007-01-01

    Two classes of topological spaces are introduced on which every probability Radon measure possesses a uniformly distributed sequence or a uniformly tight uniformly distributed sequence. It is shown that these classes are stable under multiplication by completely regular Souslin spaces

  17. Sublogarithmic uniform Boolean proof nets

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, Clément

    2012-01-01

    Using a proofs-as-programs correspondence, Terui was able to compare two models of parallel computation: Boolean circuits and proof nets for multiplicative linear logic. Mogbil et. al. gave a logspace translation allowing us to compare their computational power as uniform complexity classes. This paper presents a novel translation in AC0 and focuses on a simpler restricted notion of uniform Boolean proof nets. We can then encode constant-depth circuits and compare complexity classes below logspace, which were out of reach with the previous translations.

  18. Uniform excitations in magnetic nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørup, Steen; Frandsen, Cathrine; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt

    2010-01-01

    We present a short review of the magnetic excitations in nanoparticles below the superparamagnetic blocking temperature. In this temperature regime, the magnetic dynamics in nanoparticles is dominated by uniform excitations, and this leads to a linear temperature dependence of the magnetization...... and the magnetic hyperfine field, in contrast to the Bloch T3/2 law in bulk materials. The temperature dependence of the average magnetization is conveniently studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The energy of the uniform excitations of magnetic nanoparticles can be studied by inelastic neutron scattering....

  19. Uniform excitations in magnetic nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørup, Steen; Frandsen, Cathrine; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt

    2010-01-01

    We present a short review of the magnetic excitations in nanoparticles below the superparamagnetic blocking temperature. In this temperature regime, the magnetic dynamics in nanoparticles is dominated by uniform excitations, and this leads to a linear temperature dependence of the magnetization...... and the magnetic hyperfine field, in contrast to the Bloch T3/2 law in bulk materials. The temperature dependence of the average magnetization is conveniently studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The energy of the uniform excitations of magnetic nanoparticles can be studied by inelastic neutron scattering....

  20. Defense Acquisitions: Assessments of Selected Weapon Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Radios, Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netter Sensor System, C-130 Avionics Modernization Program, or National Polar-orbiting...investigation of hypoxia-like physiological symptoms experienced by some F- 22A pilots, an issue identified as being significant starting in 2008 and

  1. 32 CFR 536.13 - Chief, National Guard Bureau.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Chief, National Guard Bureau. 536.13 Section 536.13 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES The Army Claims System § 536.13 Chief, National Guard Bureau. The...

  2. Does self-defense training prevent sexual violence against women?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollander, Jocelyn A

    2014-03-01

    Self-defense classes are offered across the nation as a strategy for reducing women's vulnerability to sexual assault. Yet there has been little systematic research assessing the effectiveness of these classes. In this article, I use data from a mixed methods study of a 10-week, university-based, feminist self-defense class to examine the effectiveness of self-defense training over a 1-year follow-up period. My analyses indicate that women who participate in self-defense training are less likely to experience sexual assault and are more confident in their ability to effectively resist assault than similar women who have not taken such a class.

  3. School Uniforms: Guidelines for Principals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essex, Nathan L.

    2001-01-01

    Principals desiring to develop a school-uniform policy should involve parents, teachers, community leaders, and student representatives; beware restrictions on religious and political expression; provide flexibility and assistance for low-income families; implement a pilot program; align the policy with school-safety issues; and consider legal…

  4. Uniformer på arbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leilund, Helle

    Afhandlingen , Uniformer på arbejde - nutidige praksisser omkring ensartet arbejdstøj , har afsæt i det kulturhistoriske museums arbejde med ’ dragt ’ . På trods af at ensart et eller uniformt arbejdstøj er et velkendt dagligdags fænomen, som bruges af medarbejdere på mange nutidige arbejdspladser...

  5. Uniform approximation by (quantum) polynomials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drucker, A.; de Wolf, R.

    2011-01-01

    We show that quantum algorithms can be used to re-prove a classical theorem in approximation theory, Jackson's Theorem, which gives a nearly-optimal quantitative version of Weierstrass's Theorem on uniform approximation of continuous functions by polynomials. We provide two proofs, based respectivel

  6. Uniform Slavic Transliteration Alphabet (USTA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dekleva, Borut

    The Uniform Slavic Transliteration Alphabet (USTA) was designed primarily with the following objectives: to aid librarians (catalogers and bibliographers), information scientists, transliterators, and editors of bibliographic works of the many Slavic tongues; and to serve as original research for the further development of a machine-readable…

  7. 75 FR 47515 - Identification (ID) Cards for Members of the Uniformed Services, Their Dependents, and Other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... Services, Their Dependents, and Other Eligible Individuals AGENCY: Office of the Under Secretary of Defense... DoD ID cards. The ID cards shall be issued to uniformed service members, their dependents, and other.... The general policy for comments and other submissions from members of the public is to make...

  8. 76 FR 23479 - Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS); TRICARE Young Adult

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... (CHAMPUS); TRICARE Young Adult AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, DoD. ACTION: Interim final rule with... Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (NDAA for FY11). It establishes the TRICARE Young Adult... age of 26 of uniformed services sponsors. The TRICARE Young ] Adult program is a premium-based...

  9. 76 FR 3536 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Technical Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    .... 252.212-7001. Corrects a clause number in (b)(11)(iii) and reverses the order of two clauses in... Defense Logistics Agency--the Office of Counsel; (5) For the National Security Agency--the General...

  10. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) - Space Weather Sensors

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) maintains a constellation of sun-synchronous, near-polar orbiting satellites. The orbital period is 101 minutes...

  11. Defense and the Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    AD A 66 28 o’py 9of 27 copiesII AD-A266 288-co, .o,,,, I IDA PAPER P-28 10I * DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A...TYPE AND DATES COVERED January 1993 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Defense and the Economy C-MDA 903 89C 0003i...Fomr 298 (Rev 2-4g) 3Preserked by ANSI Sid, Z39- 2I0 I I I IDA PAPER P-2810() 3 DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY I I David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A

  12. The DoD Manufacturing Technology Program Strategic Plan: Delivering Defense Affordability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    laboratories and RDECs to RDECOM SOSI. The first level of review for ATO-Ms is the Warfighter Technical Council ( WTC ). The WTC is a one-star level body that...and cost. Tracked efforts: this category consists of smaller stand-alone ManTech projects. Typically, the WTC approves tracked efforts...National Defense Authorization Act NDE non- destructive examination NDIA National Defense Industrial Association NDS National Defense Strategy Net

  13. Rethinking Defensive Information Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    electronic warfare, and special information operations. Defensive information operations ensure timely, accurate, and relevant information access...information and information systems. IA, physical security, OPSEC, counter-deception, counter-psyops, CI, EW, and special information operations. Ensure

  14. 32 CFR 37.1025 - Must I report information to the Defense Assistance Awards Data System?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Executing the Award Reporting Information About the Award § 37.1025 Must I report information to the Defense... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Must I report information to the...

  15. SITREP: The NPS Maritime Defense and Security Research Program Newsletter ; v. 38 (April 2009)

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    This April 2009 issue of the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) Maritime Defense and Security Research Program Newsletter highlights the following research: "Join MDA [Maritime Defense and Awareness] Outreach on ODNI [Office of the Director of National Intelligence] Bridge" and "NPS Cooperative Operations and Applied Science & Technology Studies." It also provides links to future events, reports, articles, and NPS Theses regarding maritime defense and security.

  16. Trust, Engagement, and Technology Transfer: Underpinnings for U.S.-Brazil Defense Cooperation (Strategic Forum, no. 279)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    percent of do- mestic defense output. COMDEFESA teaches defense resources management at the National War College, the Escola Superior de Guerra , with the...National Defense Strategy,” 35, 17. 24 Fernando Bustamante, “La Transferencia de Tecnologica Militar desde Estados Unidos al Brasil,” Documento de

  17. 俄罗斯国防工业军转民介评及启示%Reflections on Russia’s Experience of Diverting National Defense Technology into Civil Industry Use

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜颖; 章凯业

    2015-01-01

    With the end of cold war, race for economic development and technology has replaced military competition for weighing the strength of a country. Hence Russia strategically adopts measures to divert the national defense technology partially or wholly into civil industry use. Deifnitely, Russia achieved a lot by taking measures compatible with the situation in Russia and integrating military use with civil use. However, due to absence of a macro level map, sufifcient ifnancial support and corresponding legal regime, Russia has witnessed defeats and failures during the process. China shall learn from Russia while addressing corresponding issues.%冷战结束后,经济发展和科技竞赛取代军事竞争,成为各国实力较量的焦点,俄罗斯也分阶段采取策略,将国防工业转轨生产民用产品或军民两用产品。在立足本国实际、实施军民一体化战略方面,俄罗斯的经验是值得肯定的,也取得了一定的成效。但是,由于没有宏观规划,缺乏充足的资金支持以及配套的体系化法律制度保障,其教训也是惨痛的。这些经验和教训对我国处理相关问题的启示意义很大。

  18. 新时期加强普通高校大学生国防教育的意义%Significance of Strengthening National Defense Education Among College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云峰

    2012-01-01

    论述了军事理论课在普通高等学校的地位与作用,主要阐述了新时期军事理论课教学对当代大学生人格修养、道德素质的提高具有的重要作用。军事理论课在普通高校的普及,体现了我国国防教育对提高当代大学生的综合素质,通过开展军事理论课教学使学生掌握基础的军事知识和军事技能,提高部队后备兵员的知识结构,为未来打赢高科技局部战争输送高素质兵员打下良好的基础。%This paper discusses the status and role of military theory courses in colleges. The military theory teaching has a far-reaching and long-term significance for college students' personality cultivation and the improvement of their moral qualities. The popularity of military theory teaching in colleges reflects the overall quality of China' s national defense education among college students. Through military theory teaching, they can master the basic military knowledge and survival skills. Combined with the professional knowledge, the Force Reserve troop' s knowledge structure can be improved. A good foundation for winning the future high-tech local wars can be laid down by conve- ying high-quality back-up troops.

  19. Research on the Influences of Western Network Cultural Hegemony on Undergraduates'Consciousness of National Defense and Their Countermeasures%西方网络文化霸权对大学生国防意识的影响及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡会燕

    2012-01-01

    以美国为首的西方发达国家依托网络技术发达的优势,正在行使它们的全球性网络文化霸权。高校是网络用户最密集的区域,大学生是网络文化接触的重要对象。在西方网络文化霸权背景下,大学生的国防意识极易受到侵蚀和影响,国防情感容易受到削弱,革命的英雄主义精神容易被淡化,民族意识容易被弱化,国家忧患意识容易被麻痹。为此,我们应该逐步建设具有中国特色的中文域名,强化我国网络文化的主动权;创建高质量的中文网站,深化社会主义意识形态教育;构建校园网络信息服务平台,弘扬主流先进文化;加强大学生的国防意识教育,提升国防教育的新要求。从而提高大学生的国防意识,增强抵御西方网络文化渗透的能力。%The America-led western developed countries incisively depend on the network technology superiority to display their culture hegemony to the whole world.Presently,universities are the most important crowded regions with many network users which are the network culture important objects.Under the background of such serious conditions,undergraduates'consciousness of national defense is extremely easy to suffer from corrosion and influence.The western network culture hegemony easily weakens undergraduates'national defense emotion,revolutionary heroism,national consciousness,and paralysizes their suffering consciousness.Therefore,we should construct the Chinese domain name with Chinese characteristics to enhance the initiative of Chinese network culture,create high quality Chinese website to deepen the education of socialist ideology,build the service platformof campus network information to carry forward the mainstream advanced culture,strengthen the education of undergraduates'consciousness of national defense to enhance the new requirements of national defense education.To enhance undergraduates'consciousness of national defense is to strengthen the

  20. Uniformity Analysis for Index of Retail Price

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘竞红; 曾庆洪; 刘梅英

    2002-01-01

    Using the Hodges-Ajne testing method, the uniformity of China retail price index was tested. The result, that population is submitting to uniform dist ribution, was obtained. The uniformity of CRPI indicates that the general price level is stable in the Ninth Five-Year Plan. Finally, the reasons causing the uniformity was analyzed.

  1. 46 CFR 310.11 - Cadet uniforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for State, Territorial or Regional Maritime Academies and Colleges § 310.11 Cadet uniforms. Cadet uniforms shall be supplied at the school in accordance with the uniform regulations of the School. Those... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cadet uniforms. 310.11 Section 310.11 Shipping...

  2. 76 FR 28757 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Notice of Availability (NOA) of Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation. SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics...

  3. Ethics and National Defense: The Timeless Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    that there can be no moral division of labor, Robert Nozick categorically states that "it is a soldier’s responsibility to deter- mine if his side’s...p. 246. ? Seepage 66. ’t. Robert Nozick , Anarchy, State, and Utopia (.New York; Basic Books, 1974), p. 100. 5. Leon Degrelle, Campaign in Russia: The...government cooperation, and the police state they planned is now based on similar coercion and fear. The guerrilla holds strategic moral cards as

  4. National Defense Budget Estimates for FY 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-01

    CO CM CO rH p- rop- mvop -p-cMO^rcM rH P-P-P-CM’S’VOOOCn p~ ro CM ro CM ro oo ro CM co in m oo oo VO *& CO rH rH rH...rH co in rH | 00 rH in rH vo O co in co <H ro rH CM CM CM CM Ol oo p- oo CM en vo m CM P- 00 P- CM Cn p- ro CM co f-i cop- mvop -p-cMo-sr rH

  5. Defense Alternatives for the Small Nations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    144 1573 4 3 Guyana 83000 0.8 1985 9.1 378 480 8.9 Honduras 43277 4.5 1985 4.7 3157 672 3. Laos 91428 3.5 1984 12.8 525 148 10.5 Lesotho 11716 1.5...DC. 1988. Zeigler, David W. War, Peace and International Politica . Little, Brown and Company. Boston. Massachusetts. 1987. mif glt) II 4.

  6. Harnessing the Heavens: National Defense through Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    Air UP, 1995. <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA301380>. (Report Lit ADA 301 380) 11 Long, Franklin A.. Donald Hafner. and Jeffrey Boutwell. eds...1980. (TLC 359 .G56) Lewis, Rosalind . et al. Building a Multinational Global Naviiation Satellite System: An Initial Look. Santa Monica, CA: Rand

  7. Defense Industrial Cooperation with Pacific Rim Nations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-01

    Mr. David Tarbell, ISA Colonel Robert C. Johnson, OUSD(A) S~CONSULTANTS Dr. Richard Van Atta, IDA Mr. Erland Heginbotham, IDA Mr. Stephen Wooley, IDA...Director, Far East/Middle East Affairs Col. Uob Bruce, USA OUSD (A)/IP&T(FE/ME) Lt. Col. David L. Beadner, USAF CONSULTANTS Dr. Richard Van Atta...the TSHZA inL.o appropriate negotiatior guidance, outlining thost technologies. which cannot be shared, as well as those which will, be sharf ,: only on

  8. Uniforms in Public Schools: A Decade of Research and Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunsma, David L.

    2005-01-01

    Contrary to what one reads in the headlines and texts of the nation's most prominent newspapers, what one hears from the mouths of politicians and educational administrators, and what one sees on the evening news, there is absolutely nothing simplistic and straightforward about the current movement to uniform public school students in the United…

  9. Korean and U.S. Economic and Technological Capabilities to Support Defense Burdens

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    AD-A25 7 085 A RAND NOTE Korean and U.S. Economic and Technological Capabilities to Support Defense Burdens Charles Wolf, Jr., Yong-Sup Han DTI ova6...collaboration with the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA), that addresses possible changes in the roles, structures, and responsibilities of...center supported by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Staff. The KIDA work was sponsored by the Korean Ministry of National Defense

  10. Study on Self-esteem, Self-efficacy and Personality of National Defense Students in Military College%任职院校国防生自尊、自我效能感及个性特征的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于航

    2012-01-01

    Objective to learn about the self-esteem, self-efficacy and personality of national defense students in military college, in order to provide reference for their mental health education. Methods A total of 535 male national defense students in military college were tested by self-esteem scale ( SES), general self-ef- ficacy scale (GSES) and Eysenck personality questionnaire(EPQ). Results Major and to be student leader or not are concerned to the self-esteem of the national defense students in military institute ; to be only child or not is concerned to the self-efficacy. The personality of the national defense students is slightly same to that of the military students and servicemen, but is different from that of the university students. Conclusions to improve the mental health of the national defense students, their self-esteem and self-efficacy are the focus.%调查任职院校国防生自尊、自我效能感状况及其个性特征,为任职培训期间开展教育和管理工作提供参考。采用自尊量表(SES)、一般自我效能感量表(GSES)、艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)以及自编问卷方法,对535名任职院校国防生进行调查。结果显示:任职院校国防生自尊水平与专业、是否学员骨干等因素有关;自我效能水平与居住地等因素有关;任职院校国防生人格特征与军校生和军人群体相对接近,但与大学生群体有所不同。可见,对任职院校国防生进行教育管理时,应该重点从提高国防生的自尊和自我效能感水平入手,更好地维护和提高国防生在任职培训期间的心理健康水平。

  11. Thomas Precession by Uniform Acceleration

    CERN Document Server

    Pardy, Miroslav

    2015-01-01

    We determine the nonlinear transformations between coordinate systems which are mutually in a constant symmetrical accelerated motion. The maximal acceleration limit follows from the kinematical origin and it is an analogue of the maximal velocity in special relativity. We derive the dependence of mass, length, time, Doppler effect, Cherenkov effect and transition radiation angle on acceleration as an analogue phenomena in special theory of relativity. The last application of our method is the Thomas precession by uniform acceleration with the possible role in the modern physics and cosmology. The comparison of derived results with other relativistic methods is necessary.

  12. Defense Primer: DOD Contractors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-10

    servicemembers, DOD career employees , or political appointees. Contractors as Companies DOD contracts with many companies for all kinds of goods...benefits of using contractors include freeing up uniformed personnel to focus on duties only uniformed personnel can perform; providing expertise in...providing security escorts; and training police and military personnel. The number of private security contractor employees working for DOD in Iraq and

  13. Non-uniform sediment incipient velocity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haitao XU; Jinyou LU; Xiaobin LIU

    2008-01-01

    Based on the mechanism of non-uniform sediment incipient motion,the dragging force and uplift force coefficient expressions are put forward for the non-uniform bed material exposure and close alignment state.The incipient veiocity formula of the non-uniform sediment is then established.It is shown that the formula structure is reasonable,and fine particles of the non-uniform sediment are more difficult to set into motion than the same sized uniform particles,whereas coarser particles are easier to set into motion than their uniform equivalents.The validity of the formula is verified by field and experiment data.

  14. National Coastal Mapping Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense — The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) National Coastal Mapping Program (NCMP) is designed to provide high-resolution elevation and imagery data along U.S....

  15. Uniform generation of combinatorial structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zito, M.; Pu, I.; Amos, M.; Gibbons, A. [Univ. of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom)

    1996-12-31

    We describe several RNC algorithms for generating graphs and subgraphs uniformly at random. For example, unlabelled undirected graphs are generated in O(log{sup 3} n lg lg n) time using O({epsilon}n{sup 1.5}/lg{sup 3} n lg lg n) processors if their number is n lg lg n known in advance and in O(lg n) time using O ({epsilon}n{sup 2}/lg n) processors otherwise. In both cases the error probability is the inverse of a polynomial in {epsilon}. Thus {epsilon} may be chosen to trade-off processors for error probability. Also, for an arbitrary graph, we describe RNC algorithms for the uniform generation of its subgraphs that are either non-simple paths or spanning trees. The work measure for the subgraph algorithms is essentially determined by the transitive closure bottleneck. As for sequential algorithms, the general notion of constructing generators from counters also applies to parallel algorithms although this approach is not employed by all the algorithms of this paper.

  16. Defense styles of pedophilic offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drapeau, Martin; Beretta, Véronique; de Roten, Yves; Koerner, Annett; Despland, Jean-Nicolas

    2008-04-01

    This pilot study investigated the defense styles of pedophile sexual offenders. Interviews with 20 pedophiles and 20 controls were scored using the Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales. Results showed that pedophiles had a significantly lower overall defensive functioning score than the controls. Pedophiles used significantly fewer obsessional-level defenses but more major image-distorting and action-level defenses. Results also suggested differences in the prevalence of individual defenses where pedophiles used more dissociation, displacement, denial, autistic fantasy, splitting of object, projective identification, acting out, and passive aggressive behavior but less intellectualization and rationalization.

  17. Calculation of Uniform of Beam Scanning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    For the electron beam application, it is always scanned by a dipole magnet. The uniform of the scanning has great influence for some application, such as the irradiation of the thyristor. There are two methods for improving the scanning uniform:

  18. Defense Research Enterprise Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Please review the report findings and recommendations. I am interested in receiving your feedback for inclusion in programs wherever these...needed culture shift to utilize their existing authorities. Finally, expanded coordination among intermural basic research portfolios across the Labs...research portfolios across the Labs without creating additional administrative burdens is needed. The defense research enterprise should

  19. AFRL Defensive IO Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Wireless Information Assurance • Steganography • Air Force Enterprise Defense (AFED) 10 Distributed Agents for Information Warfare Operational...information (images, documents, overlays, audio , links, etc.) •multi-level data release to coalition forces; key-based access •covert communication...maximize throughput of communication channels Data Hiding/Embedding Steganography Watermarking Steganalysis 14 Payoffs • Integrates existing

  20. Defense Business Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    other. SCM and ERP systems both contribute to the overall distribution and coordination of resources. Just as an ERP enhances information flow...inventory management system (Thureen 2008). It combines the Army’s disparate wholesale and retail inventories, into one combined system (Sparacino 2002...Studies.............................................................................. 73 1. Defense Integrated Military Human Resource System

  1. Robust Preallocated Preferential Defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    Frye , W.H. and Ullman, L.L., Methodology for Calculating Minuteman Defense Effectiveness, SRD-EGI4, Stanford Research Institute, October 1973. 4. Hogg...Corporation 1500 Wilson Boulevard Arlington, VA 22209 ATTN: Dr. Tucker Battle Dr. James Skouras Dr. Iram Weinstein Northrop Corporation 8900 E. Washington

  2. 32 CFR 21.200 - What is the Defense Grant and Agreement Regulatory System (DGARS)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Defense Grant and Agreement... Washington Headquarters Services Internet site http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives. Paper copies may be obtained, at cost, from the National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield,...

  3. Extending maps between pre-uniform spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Adalberto García-Máynez; Rubén Mancio-Toledo

    2012-01-01

    We give sufficient conditions on a uniformly continuous map f: (X,U) → (Y, V ) between completable T1-pre-uniform spaces (X,U), (Y, V ) to have a continuous or a uniformly continuous extension f:X → Y between the corresponding completions.

  4. Attitudes of Parents about School Uniforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Charles K.; Tidwell, Diane K.; Bomba, Anne K.; Elmore, Patsy Alexander

    1999-01-01

    Responses from 144 parents of fourth graders showed that 56% favored uniforms in public schools; most agreed that uniforms contributed to a conducive learning environment, promoted school spirit, and discouraged violence; and most disagreed that uniforms cost more than other types of clothing. (SK)

  5. Russian Ballistic Missile Defense: Rhetoric and Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    2012/06/08/russia_installs_new_radars_as_a_ deterrent_15834.html. 130. “Direct Line with Vladimir Putin ,” President of Russia , April 17, 2014...and increases the danger of war. In his 2012 pre-election treatise on defense policy and national security, Rus- sian President Vladimir Putin ...Kontsern PVO Almaz-Antey) was established by President Vladimir Putin in 2002 uniting no fewer than 46 enterprises, including factories, research and

  6. Defense Horizons. Number 78, March 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    databases , National Defense University researchers have identified 124 examples of effective P4s across a wide spectrum of industries and...environment. notes 1 A review of multiple databases , case studies, and concept papers has identified over 4,000 examples of public-public and public...Partnering,” SONRI, Inc., 2010. 8 Farming First, “Innovation and Incentives for Farmers Needed to Protect World’s Biodiversity ,” press release, May 21

  7. Armar y vestir al ejército de la Nación: los artefactos militares del Fuerte General Paz (Carlos Casares, Buenos Aires en el marco de la construcción del Estado nacional y la guerra de frontera WEAPONS AND UNIFORMS FOR THE ARMY OF THE NATION: THE MILITARY ARTIFACTS FROM FORT GENERAL PAZ, CARLOS CASARES, BUENOS AIRES, IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NATION STATE AND THE FRONTIER WAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Bautista Leoni

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se aborda el análisis del conjunto de artefactos militares (elementos de armas y uniformes del sitio arqueológico Fuerte General Paz, Carlos Casares, Buenos Aires, comandancia de la Frontera Oeste entre 1869 y 1877. Se utiliza un enfoque amplio que comprende tanto el análisis tipológico y funcional de los artefactos como la investigación de documentos escritos, incluyendo relatos testimoniales de la época, registros oficiales del gobierno y reglamentos militares vigentes. Al tratarse de una guarnición militar significativa por su tamaño y su rol en la estructura de la línea de frontera, el conjunto permite evaluar el proceso de construcción de un ejército nacional efectivo, una aspiración principal de los primeros gobiernos del estado nacional liberal que surgió a partir de 1862. El análisis de los artefactos provenientes del sitio muestra una gran variedad de armas en servicio y una aplicación por lo menos laxa de los reglamentos vigentes para uniformes, mostrando que la estandarización y regularización deseada por las autoridades estaba lejos de lograrse, y que necesariamente deben combinarse distintas fuentes de información para obtener mejores interpretaciones de los diversos aspectos de la vida en los emplazamientos militares de frontera.This paper analyzes the assemblage of military artifacts from Fort General Paz, Carlos Casares, Buenos Aires, headquarters of the so-called Western Frontier between 1869 and 1877. A broad approach is employed, including both the typological and functional analysis of the artifacts and the examination of the documentary record, which comprises contemporary witnesses' accounts as well as official records and military regulations. Since it was a sizeable military garrison, the assemblage allows us to assess the intended process of construction of an efficient national army, a principal goal of the first liberal governments after 1862. The analysis shows a great degree of

  8. Uniform magnetic excitations in nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørup, Steen; Hansen, Britt Rosendahl

    2005-01-01

    We have used a spin-wave model to calculate the temperature dependence of the (sublattice) magnetization of magnetic nanoparticles. The uniform precession mode, corresponding to a spin wave with wave vector q=0, is predominant in nanoparticles and gives rise to an approximately linear temperature...... dependence of the (sublattice) magnetization well below the superparamagnetic blocking temperature for both ferro-, ferri-, and antiferromagnetic particles. This is in accordance with the results of a classical model for collective magnetic excitations in nanoparticles. In nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic...... materials, quantum effects give rise to a small deviation from the linear temperature dependence of the (sublattice) magnetization at very low temperatures. The complex nature of the excited precession states of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials, with deviations from antiparallel orientation...

  9. Native American Affairs and the Department of Defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    inside the Department of the Interior, and the National Forest Service inside the Department of Agriculture. The Department of Defense manages 25...Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians of Oregon Coyote Valley Band of Porno Indians of California Creek Nation of Oklahoma Crow Tribe of Montana...0TIC QU^lITO XH8M(0™.. t National Defense Research Institute tf «>’ä- »T« -<säi ’.»■^^’■Ä--’■ ■’ DISCLÄIMKI NOTICE THIS DOCUMENT IS BEST QUALITY

  10. Impact of School Uniform Dress Code on Principal Perception of School Violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Richard E., II

    This report describes a national telephone survey of randomly selected middle and high school principals to measure the impact of school-uniform dress codes on perceived level of school violence. In addition to measuring the impact of school uniforms on principals' perception of violence, selected variables such as region, gender, and educational…

  11. Defense Institution Building: An Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    MoDA and DIILS Support of DIB Activity Objectives . . . . . . . 26 2.8. Overlapping Program Objectives...Wales Initiative Fund–Defense Institution Building (WIF-DIB), the Ministry of Defense Advisors ( MoDA ) program, and the Defense Insti- tute of...other events and activities related to a partner nation’s defense institution capabilities and capacity. One exception is MoDA , where engagements are

  12. Analysis of government policies to support sustainable domestic defense industries

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Armed forces all over the world need military equipment to support their security missions. Having a domestic defense industry is one approach that countries use to supply their armed forces’ requirements. The successful development of a domestic defense industry depends on many factors, but perhaps the most significant variable is the government. Because governments are both buyers and suppliers of national security, government polici...

  13. Defense Security Cooperation Agency Vision 2020. Update 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    articles, military training, and other defense-related services, by grant, loan, cash sale, or lease , in furtherance of national policies and objectives...Presidential Policy Directive 23 on Security Sector Assistance. D S C A V i s i o n 2 0 2 0 Solutions for America’s Global Partners 7 DSCA...less labor-intensive for USG implementing agencies. Oct 2014 – Dec 2016 d. Explore and develop options for using LOAs to support leases of defense

  14. Value Proposition of Department of Defense Domestic Technology Transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    Systems Center, Pacific Aplus Mobile, Inc., Oregon City, OR CRADA On-Hold Demonstration of Low-Cost Expendable Bottom Crawling Vehicles Naval...Circuits Defense Microelectronics Activity Packet Digital Corporation, Fargo, ND CRADA On-Hold Preventing Severe Infections in Infants and Children...Health Sciences Bard Access Systems, Lake City, UT PLA Preventing Severe Infections in Infants and Children Uniformed Services University of the

  15. 军民融合背景下我国国防科技体系面临的市场风险及其应对策略%Research on Market Risk and Corresponding Countermeasures Facing the National Defense Science and Technology System under the Background of Military and Civilian Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤琳; 陈仕平

    2015-01-01

    Under the background of civil military integration ,with the deepening of marketization ,the com‐modity ,factor ,capital ,technology and information market of national defense science and technology sys‐tem full or partial release result in market risks .Based on the in-depth analysis of the origin of the mar‐ket risk under the background of civil military integration ,the paper put forward the corresponding coun‐termeasures w hich are introducing the comprehensive risk management system and establishing a sound risk control mechanism ;perfecting the related system and constructing a benign operation system of the national defense science and technology ;strengthening the core capacity of military enterprise and impro‐ving the competitive ability of national defense science and technology system ,etc .%军民融合背景下国防科技体系市场化程度加深导致其面临的商品市场、要素市场、资本市场、技术市场、信息市场等全面或部分放开,从而产生了不容忽视的市场风险。文章在深入分析军民融合背景下我国这些市场风险产生的根源和成因的基础上,提出了全面引入风险管理制度,建立健全风险防控机制;完善相关制度,构建国防科技体系良性运转的制度体系;加强军工企业核心能力建设,提高国防科技体系竞争能力等对策。

  16. On National Defense Education in Colleges and Universities:Problems and Suggestions%普通高校国防教育工作存在的问题与建议——以河北省高校军训工作为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边宏广; 韩振国

    2015-01-01

    There are many problems in national defense education of higher education currently. Thinking and understanding is not in place. Military expenditure is not standardized. Training officers and soldiers are inefficient. High-quality teaching staff is inadequate. Military training grounds is not affordable. All these require education authorities, military authorities, universities and other parties to work together, to strengthen publicity and education of university military training, to establish a reasonable and smooth mechanism for military training, to increase the education administrative departments of military training college students work supervision, to strengthen the construction of teachers' team. National defense education is to train national defense reserve talents for the armed forces, and to cultivate the ideal moral culture and discipline for our country's socialist construction.%当前,高校国防教育工作还存在思想认识不到位、军训经费管理不规范、帮训官兵难以保障、理论课高素质教学人员缺乏、军训工作的训练场地缺乏保障等诸多问题,需要教育主管部门、军事机关、高校等各方共同努力,对高校军训工作加强宣传教育、建立合理顺畅的军训工作机制、加大教育行政部门对高校学生军训工作的监管力度、加强专职教师队伍建设,为军队培养国防后备人才,为国家培养有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律的社会主义建设人才.

  17. Avian host defense peptides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuperus, Tryntsje; Coorens, Maarten; van Dijk, Albert; Haagsman, Henk P

    2013-11-01

    Host defense peptides (HDPs) are important effector molecules of the innate immune system of vertebrates. These antimicrobial peptides are also present in invertebrates, plants and fungi. HDPs display broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and fulfill an important role in the first line of defense of many organisms. It is becoming increasingly clear that in the animal kingdom the functions of HDPs are not confined to direct antimicrobial actions. Research in mammals has indicated that HDPs have many immunomodulatory functions and are also involved in other physiological processes ranging from development to wound healing. During the past five years our knowledge about avian HDPs has increased considerably. This review addresses our current knowledge on the evolution, regulation and biological functions of HDPs of birds.

  18. Uniform sampling table method and its applications: establishment of a uniform sampling method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yibin; Chen, Jiaxi; Wang, Wei

    2013-01-01

    A novel uniform sampling method is proposed in this paper. According to the requirements of uniform sampling, we propose the properties that must be met by analyzing the distribution of samples. Based on this, the proposed uniform sampling method is demonstrated and evaluated strictly by mathematical means such as inference. The uniform sampling tables with respect to Cn(t2) and Cn(t3) are established. Furthermore, a one-dimension uniform sampling method and a multidimension method are proposed. The proposed novel uniform sampling method, which is guided by uniform design theory, enjoys the advantages of simplified use and good representativeness of the whole sample.

  19. A Defense Budget Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-09

    budget practices. See Appendix D for the actual timetable of congressional action on the FY1999 budget.65 See James V. Saturno , The Appropriations...details, see James V. Saturno , The Appropriations Process and the Congressional69 Budget Act, CRS Report 97-947. Table 6. Milestone Votes on the Defense...James V. Saturno , The74 Appropriations Process and the Congressional Budget Act, CRS Report 97-947. The Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 and subsequent

  20. Defensive Minefield Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-01

    Minefield Planning by Carlos Vallejo Game Lieutenant, Ecuadorian Navy B. S., Escuela Superior Naval, Ecuador 1980 Submitted in partial fulfillment of...was a superior open-ocean naval force to the North Koreans, defensive minewarfare was able to, at least temporarily, defeat U.S. Navy objectives in...Oswaldo Rosero 1 Unit 8 Coastal Route 1 Monterey, California 93940 77 11. Office of the N’aval Attache 4 Direccion de Educacion 2535 15th. st. N. W

  1. 32 CFR 536.102 - Actions on appeal under the National Guard Claims Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Actions on appeal under the National Guard Claims Act. 536.102 Section 536.102 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the National Guard...

  2. 32 CFR 536.96 - Statutory authority for the National Guard Claims Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Statutory authority for the National Guard Claims Act. 536.96 Section 536.96 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the National Guard...

  3. 32 CFR 536.97 - Scope for claims under the National Guard Claims Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Scope for claims under the National Guard Claims Act. 536.97 Section 536.97 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the National Guard...

  4. 32 CFR 536.98 - Claims payable under the National Guard Claims Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Claims payable under the National Guard Claims Act. 536.98 Section 536.98 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the National Guard...

  5. 32 CFR 536.99 - Claims not payable under the National Guard Claims Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Claims not payable under the National Guard Claims Act. 536.99 Section 536.99 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the National...

  6. Discovery of Uniformly Expanding Universe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cahill R. T.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Saul Perlmutter and the Brian Schmidt – Adam Riess teams reported that their Friedmann-model GR-based analysis of their supernovae magnitude-redshift data re- vealed a new phenomenon of “dark energy” which, it is claimed, forms 73% of the energy / matter density of the present-epoch universe, and which is linked to the further claim of an accelerating expansion of the universe. In 2011 Perlmutter, Schmidt and Riess received the Nobel Prize in Physics “for the discovery of the accelerating ex- pansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae”. Here it is shown that (i a generic model-independent analysis of this data reveals a uniformly expanding universe, (ii their analysis actually used Newtonian gravity, and finally (iii the data, as well as the CMB fluctuation data, does not require “dark energy” nor “dark matter”, but instead reveals the phenomenon of a dynamical space, which is absent from the Friedmann model.

  7. Plant Defense against Insect Herbivores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar. Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight, defense compounds. These bioactive specialized plant defense compounds may repel or intoxicate insects, while defense proteins often interfere with their digestion. Volatiles are released upon herbivory to repel herbivores, attract predators or for communication between leaves or plants, and to induce defense responses. Plants also apply morphological features like waxes, trichomes and latices to make the feeding more difficult for the insects. Extrafloral nectar, food bodies and nesting or refuge sites are produced to accommodate and feed the predators of the herbivores. Meanwhile, herbivorous insects have adapted to resist plant defenses, and in some cases even sequester the compounds and reuse them in their own defense. Both plant defense and insect adaptation involve metabolic costs, so most plant-insect interactions reach a stand-off, where both host and herbivore survive although their development is suboptimal. PMID:23681010

  8. Plant defense against insect herbivores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    have adapted to resist plant defenses, and in some cases even sequester the compounds and reuse them in their own defense. Both plant defense and insect adaptation involve metabolic costs, so most plant-insect interactions reach a stand-off, where both host and herbivore survive although......Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar....... Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight...

  9. A study on the status and influential factors of psychosomatic health of national defense students with suicidal ideation%国防生有自杀意念者心身健康状况及其危险因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张理义; 唐开宏; 魏红辉; 陈春霞; 姚高峰; 孔令明

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨国防生有自杀意念者心身健康状况及其影响因素,以便有针对性的采取心理干预,提高其心身健康水平.方法 随机整群抽取某高校国防生519名,采用《中国军人心身健康量表》测试心身健康水平,将第63条目“有想死的念头”得分等于1分定义为有自杀意念.同时采用《军人心理疾病预测量表》探讨其危险因素.结果 国防生自杀意念的发生率为10.3%,除呼吸系、消化系和皮肤因子外,有自杀意念组心身健康量表总分、心理健康因子、躯体健康因子以及其余各因子分均显著高于无自杀意念组(P<0.05或0.01);相关分析的结果显示,有自杀意念者的焦虑、抑郁与其成长经历、个性内向、心理防御不良、社会支持缺乏呈显著正相关(r =0.277 ~0.666,P<0.05或0.01),个性内向、心理防御不良、社会支持缺乏、应激源与心身健康总分、心理健康因子分及躯体健康因子分亦呈显著正相关(r =0.292~0.691,P<0.05或0.01);经多元逐步回归分析发现,心理防御不良分别进入以有自杀意念者的心身健康总分、心理健康因子、躯体健康因子、焦虑及抑郁因子分为因变量的多元回归方程(P<0.01).结论 国防生有自杀意念者心身健康状况较差,心理防御不良是自杀意念者心身健康状况的重要影响因素.%Objective To investigate the characters and influencing factors of psychosomatic health of national defense students with suicidal ideation, develop psychological intervention and improve the level of psychosomatic health. Methods By cluster random sampling,519 national defense students were tested by The Chinese Military Psychosomatic Health Scale ( CMPHS) and The Military Mental Disorders Prediction Scale. The 63th item of CMPHS which individual has the ideal of thoughts of death and rates it 1 point defined as suicidal ideation. Results The occurrence of suicidal ideation in

  10. 75 FR 6335 - Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS)/TRICARE: Inclusion of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 199 Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS)/TRICARE: Inclusion of TRICARE Retail Pharmacy Program in Federal Procurement of Pharmaceuticals...

  11. The symbolism and myth surrounding nurses' uniform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, M

    This article addresses nurses' uniform from the perspective of the symbolic, myth, legend and competing discourse. The analysis touches upon why nurses working with people who have learning disabilities discarded the nurses' uniform and why other nurses may consider doing so, particularly if suitable alternatives exist. The analysis draws from various areas of nursing practice, including the nursing of disabled people, elderly people and people with learning disabilities. Nurses' uniform is revealed as a totem of considerable potency such that to wear a uniform in just any setting or context has to be cautioned. The practicalities of protective clothing are addressed. A differentiation is drawn between uniform and protective clothing such that much of the undesirable symbolism associated with uniform may be discarded with a consequent enhancement of the image of the nurse.

  12. DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT USING GAME THEORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian NEDELCU

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Game theory provides a number of analytical tools designed to assist in developing a more comprehensive understanding of phenomena emerging when decision makers interact. A game describes the strategic interactions between players who act guided by their interests and with the consciousness that their actions affect each other. The basic entity in all game theory models is the player. A player may be understood as an individual, group of individuals or any kind of organization, even countries or alliances facing decisions-making challenges and opportunities. In this respect, the concept providing the dimensions and variables informing on the planning “game” elements required for an optimal defense resource allocation is that of ‘capabilities’. The model developed in this paper is focused on allocations of the available defense resources over the assumed capabilities in order to achieve the best response to national security. I consider as a game the competition between strategic decision-makers involved in defense resource management and the threats to the national security.

  13. School uniforms: tradition, benefit or predicament?

    OpenAIRE

    Van Aardt, Annette Marie; Wilken, Ilani

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on the controversies surrounding school uniforms. Roleplayers in this debate in South Africa are parents, learners and educators, and arguments centre on aspects such as identity, economy and the equalising effect of school uniforms, which are considered in the literature to be benefits. Opposing viewpoints highlight the fact that compulsory uniforms infringe on learners’ constitutional rights to self-expression. The aim of this research was to determine the perspectives ...

  14. Department of Defense Enhanced Particulate Matter Surveillance Program (EPMSP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-01

    relation to five rural IMPROVE sites (Dome Land NWA, Joshua Tree NP, Bosque del Apache NWR, Salt Creek, and San Andres NWR) and five urban STN sites...The five rural sites are at Dome Land National Wildlife Area (NWA), Joshua Tree National Park, Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), Salt...Department of Defense (DoD) lands in the southwestern U.S. in relation to five rural IMPROVE sites (Dome Land NWA, Joshua Tree NP, Bosque del Apache NWR

  15. DEFENSE PROGRAMS RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin PREDA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available For the past years defense programs have faced delays in delivering defense capabilities and budget overruns. Stakeholders are looking for ways to improve program management and the decision making process given the very fluid and uncertain economic and political environment. Consequently, they have increasingly resorted to risk management as the main management tool for achieving defense programs objectives and for delivering the defense capabilities strongly needed for the soldiers on the ground on time and within limited defense budgets. Following a risk management based decision-making approach the stakeholders are expected not only to protect program objectives against a wide range of risks but, at the same time, to take advantage of the opportunities to increase the likelihood of program success. The prerequisite for making risk management the main tool for achieving defense programs objectives is the design and implementation of a strong risk management framework as a foundation providing an efficient and effective application of the best risk management practices. The aim of this paper is to examine the risk management framework for defense programs based on the ISO 31000:2009 standard, best risk management practices and the defense programs’ needs and particularities. For the purposes of this article, the term of defense programs refers to joint defense programs.

  16. On the Compactly Locally Uniformly Rotund Points of Orlicz Spaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lili Chen; Yunan Cui

    2007-11-01

    In this paper, locally uniformly rotund points and compactly locally uniformly rotund points are introduced. Moreover, criteria for compactly locally uniformly rotund points in Orlicz spaces are given.

  17. Extending maps between pre-uniform spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Adalberto García-Máynez; Rubén Mancio-Toledo

    2012-01-01

    [EN] We give sufficient conditions on a uniformly continuous map f: (X,U) → (Y, V ) between completable T1-pre-uniform spaces (X,U), (Y, V ) to have a continuous or a uniformly continuous extension f:X → Y between the corresponding completions. García-Máynez, A.; Mancio-Toledo, R. (2012). Extending maps between pre-uniform spaces. Applied General Topology. 13(1):21-25. doi:10.4995/agt.2012.1634. 21 25 13 1

  18. Synthetic Plant Defense Elicitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin eBektas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To defend themselves against invading pathogens plants utilize a complex regulatory network that coordinates extensive transcriptional and metabolic reprogramming. Although many of the key players of this immunity-associated network are known, the details of its topology and dynamics are still poorly understood. As an alternative to forward and reverse genetic studies, chemical genetics-related approaches based on bioactive small molecules have gained substantial popularity in the analysis of biological pathways and networks. Use of such molecular probes can allow researchers to access biological space that was previously inaccessible to genetic analyses due to gene redundancy or lethality of mutations. Synthetic elicitors are small drug like molecules that induce plant defense responses, but are distinct from known natural elicitors of plant immunity. While the discovery of the some synthetic elicitors had already been reported in the 1970s, recent breakthroughs in combinatorial chemical synthesis now allow for inexpensive high-throughput screens for bioactive plant defense-inducing compounds. Along with powerful reverse genetics tools and resources available for model plants and crop systems, comprehensive collections of new synthetic elicitors will likely allow plant scientists to study the intricacies of plant defense signaling pathways and networks in an unparalleled fashion. As synthetic elicitors can protect crops from diseases, without the need to be directly toxic for pathogenic organisms, they may also serve as promising alternatives to conventional biocidal pesticides, which often are harmful for the environment, farmers and consumers. Here we are discussing various types of synthetic elicitors that have been used for studies on the plant immune system, their modes-of-action as well as their application in crop protection.

  19. Nanomaterials for Defense Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turaga, Uday; Singh, Vinitkumar; Lalagiri, Muralidhar; Kiekens, Paul; Ramkumar, Seshadri S.

    Nanotechnology has found a number of applications in electronics and healthcare. Within the textile field, applications of nanotechnology have been limited to filters, protective liners for chemical and biological clothing and nanocoatings. This chapter presents an overview of the applications of nanomaterials such as nanofibers and nanoparticles that are of use to military and industrial sectors. An effort has been made to categorize nanofibers based on the method of production. This chapter particularly focuses on a few latest developments that have taken place with regard to the application of nanomaterials such as metal oxides in the defense arena.

  20. Phenomenon of Psychological Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena T. Sokolova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the controversial issues of formation and functioning of psy¬chological defense mechanisms in ontogenesis and in personality disorders as they are represented in classical and contemporary psychoanalysis, in cognitivism and communication theory. The paper emphasizes the role of cognitive organi¬zation (style, sign-symbolic mediation, representative system of object relations and attachments in individual typological variability of the level organization of ciency of personal and social adaptation, in maturity and mental health of personality

  1. Providing for the Common Defense? The Effects of Recent Arms Trade Reform on the Army Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Finnemore , Martha . National Interests in International Society. Cornell Studies in Political Economy. Edited by Peter J. Katzenstein. Ithaca: Cornell...taking both the economic and security interest behind the sale of weapons abroad into account, give more credence to national , regional, and global...defense and security of the Nation and its interests is constitutionally within the jurisdiction of the military professions. Even though defense

  2. Defensive engagement and perceptual enhancement

    OpenAIRE

    Keil, Andreas; Bradley, Margaret M; Ihssen, Niklas; Heim, Sabine; Vila, Jaime; Guerra, Pedro; Lang, Peter J.

    2010-01-01

    We tested whether visual cortical sensitivity to external cues in the context of an acute defensive reaction is heightened or attenuated. A strong cardiac defense (fear) response was elicited by presenting an abrupt, loud acoustic stimulus following a 10-minute period of quiescence. Electrocortical responses to aversive and neutral pictures following defensive stimulus onset were measured using dense-array EEG. Pictures were flickered at 12.5 Hz to evoke steady-state visual evoked potentials ...

  3. Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Estimate RDT&E - Research , Development, Test, and Evaluation SAR - Selected Acquisition Report SCP - Service Cost Position TBD - To Be Determined TY - Then...all ranges and in all phases of flight. Following guidance from the President, the Secretary of Defense approved the Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD...based Midcourse Defense (GMD) system to enhance our capability against Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles. We are currently sustaining 30

  4. A Uniform Syntax and Discourse Structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hardt, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    I present arguments in favor of the Uniformity Hypothesis: the hypothesis that discourse can extend syntax dependencies without conflicting with them. I consider arguments that Uniformity is violated in certain cases involving quotation, and I argue that the cases presented in the literature...

  5. School Uniform Policies in Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunsma, David L.

    2006-01-01

    The movement for school uniforms in public schools continues to grow despite the author's research indicating little if any impact on student behavior, achievement, and self-esteem. The author examines the distribution of uniform policies by region and demographics, the impact of these policies on perceptions of school climate and safety, and…

  6. Student Dress Codes and Uniforms. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Howard

    2009-01-01

    According to an Education Commission of the States "Policy Report", research on the effects of dress code and school uniform policies is inconclusive and mixed. Some researchers find positive effects; others claim no effects or only perceived effects. While no state has legislatively mandated the wearing of school uniforms, 28 states and…

  7. School Uniforms and Discourses on Childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodine, Ann

    2003-01-01

    This ethnographic study examined the introduction of school uniforms in the public schools of one California city. Findings indicated that the uniform issue intersected with issues such as student safety and violence, family stress, egalitarianism, competitive dressing, and a power struggle over shaping the childhood environment. It was concluded…

  8. School Uniform Policies: Students' Views of Effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Teresa M.; Moreno, Josephine

    2001-01-01

    Focus-group interviews of New York City middle-school students about their perceptions of the effectiveness of the school-uniform policy. Finds that students' perceptions of the effects of school-uniform policy on school culture varied considerably with those intended by the principal. (Contains 40 references.) (PKP)

  9. A School Uniform Program That Works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loesch, Paul C.

    1995-01-01

    According to advocates, school uniforms reduce gang influence, decrease families' clothing expenditures, and help mitigate potentially divisive cultural and economic differences. Aiming to improve school climate, a California elementary school adopted uniforms as a source of pride and affiliation. This article describes the development of the…

  10. On Uniform Convexity of Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing Jin CHENG; Bo WANG; Cui Ling WANG

    2011-01-01

    This paper gives some relations and properties of several kinds of generalized convexity in Banach spaces. As a result, it proves that every kind of uniform convexity implies the Banach-Sakes property, and several notions of uniform convexity in literature are actually equivalent.

  11. Uniformly convex-transitive function spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Rambla-Barreno, Fernando; Talponen, Jarno

    2009-01-01

    We introduce a property of Banach spaces called uniform convex-transitivity, which falls between almost transitivity and convex-transitivity. We will provide examples of uniformly convex-transitive spaces. This property behaves nicely in connection with some Banach-valued function spaces. As a consequence, we obtain new examples of convex-transitive Banach spaces.

  12. School Dress Codes and Uniform Policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Wendell

    2002-01-01

    Opinions abound on what students should wear to class. Some see student dress as a safety issue; others see it as a student-rights issue. The issue of dress codes and uniform policies has been tackled in the classroom, the boardroom, and the courtroom. This Policy Report examines the whole fabric of the debate on dress codes and uniform policies…

  13. Deposition uniformity inspection in IC wafer surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, W. C.; Lin, Y. T.; Jeng, J. J.; Chang, C. L.

    2014-03-01

    This paper focuses on the task of automatic visual inspection of color uniformity on the surface of integrated circuits (IC) wafers arising from the layering process. The oxide thickness uniformity within a given wafer with a desired target thickness is of great importance for modern semiconductor circuits with small oxide thickness. The non-uniform chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on a wafer surface will proceed to fail testing in Wafer Acceptance Test (WAT). Early detection of non-uniform deposition in a wafer surface can reduce material waste and improve production yields. The fastest and most low-priced inspection method is a machine vision-based inspection system. In this paper, the proposed visual inspection system is based on the color representations which were reflected from wafer surface. The regions of non-uniform deposition present different colors from the uniform background in a wafer surface. The proposed inspection technique first learns the color data via color space transformation from uniform deposition of normal wafer surfaces. The individual small region statistical comparison scheme then proceeds to the testing wafers. Experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively detect the non-uniform deposition regions on the wafer surface. The inspection time of the deposited wafers is quite compatible with the atmospheric pressure CVD time.

  14. Testing for uniformity in multidimensional data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, S P; Jain, A K

    1984-01-01

    Testing for uniformity in multidimensional data is important in exploratory pattern analysis, statistical pattern recognition, and image processing. The goal of this paper is to determine whether the data follow the uniform distribution over some compact convex set in K-dimensional space, called the sampling window. We first provide a simple, computationally efficient method for generating a uniformly distributed sample over a set which approximates the convex hul of the data. We then test for uniformity by comparing this generated sample to the data by using Friedman-Rafsky's minimal spanning tree (MST) based test. Experiments with both simulated and real data indicate that this MST-based test is useful in deciding if data are uniform.

  15. Some results on uniform arithmetic circuit complexity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Gudmund Skovbjerg; Valence, Mark; Barrington, David A. Mix

    1994-01-01

    We introduce a natural set of arithmetic expressions and define the complexity class AE to consist of all those arithmetic functions (over the fieldsF 2n) that are described by these expressions. We show that AE coincides with the class of functions that are computable with constant depth...... that if some such representation is X-uniform (where X is P or DLOGTIME), then the arithmetic complexity of a function (measured with X-uniform unbounded fan-in arithmetic circuits) is identical to the Boolean complexity of this function (measured with X-uniform threshold circuits). We show the existence...... and polynomial-size unbounded fan-in arithmetic circuits satisfying a natural uniformity constraint (DLOGTIME-uniformity). A 1-input and 1-output arithmetic function over the fieldsF2n may be identified with ann-input andn-output Boolean function when field elements are represented as bit strings. We prove...

  16. 32 CFR Appendix D to Part 37 - What Common National Policy Requirements May Apply and Need To Be Included in TIAs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What Common National Policy Requirements May Apply and Need To Be Included in TIAs? D Appendix D to Part 37 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT...

  17. Secretary of Defense Report to Congress. Actions to Accelerate the Movement to the New Workforce Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    President of the Senate Washington DC 20510 Dear Mr. President: Section 912(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 directs the...Technology), as discussed with your staff, established a Defense Science Board Sub-Task Force on the Acquisition Workforce to conduct an independent...letter. I have reviewed the Defense Science Board (DSB) report, have fully considered the DSB’s conclusions and recommendations, and have incorporated the

  18. Uniform: an evidence review of the microbiological significance of uniforms and uniform policy in the prevention and control of healthcare-associated infections. Report to the Department of Health (England).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, J A; Loveday, H P; Hoffman, P N; Pratt, R J

    2007-08-01

    A systematic search and quality assessment of published literature was conducted to establish current knowledge on the role of healthcare workers uniforms' as vehicles for the transfer of healthcare-associated infections. This review comprised a systematic search of national and international guidance, published literature and data on recent advances in laundry technology and processes. We found only a small number of relevant studies that provided limited evidence directly related to the decontamination of uniforms. Studies concerning domestic laundry processes are small scale and largely observational. Current practice and guidance for laundering uniforms is extrapolated from studies of industrial hospital linen processing. Healthcare workers' uniforms, including white coats, become progressively contaminated in use with bacteria of low pathogenicity from the wearer and of mixed pathogenicity from the clinical environment and patients. The hypothesis that uniforms/clothing could be a vehicle for the transmission of infections is not supported by existing evidence. All components of the laundering process contribute to the removal or killing of micro-organisms on fabric. There is no robust evidence of a difference in efficacy of decontamination of uniforms/clothing between industrial and domestic laundry processes, or that the home laundering of uniforms provides inadequate decontamination.

  19. THERMAL UNIFORMITY OF LIQUID HELIUM IN ELECTRON BUBBLE CHAMBER.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    WANG,L.; JIA,L.

    2002-07-22

    A CRYOGENIC RESEARCH APPARATUS TO MEASURE THE MOVEMENT OF ELECTRONS UNDER A HIGH ELECTRIC FIELD IN A LIQUID HELIUM BATH WAS DESIGNED AND BUILT AT THE BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY AND THE NEVIS LABORATORY OF COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY. THE LIQUID HELIUM CHAMBER IS A DOUBLE WALLED CYLINDRICAL CONTAINER EQUIPPED WITH 5 OPTICS WINDOWS AND 10 HIGH VOLTAGE CABLES. TO SHIELD THE LIQUID HELIUM CHAMBER AGAINST THE EXTERNAL HEAT LOADS AND TO PROVIDE THE THERMAL UNIFORMITY IN THE LIQUID HELIUM CHAMBER, THE DOUBLE WALLED JACKET WAS COOLED BY A PUMPED HELIUM BATH. THE HELIUM CHAMBER WAS BUILT INTO A COMMERICAL LN2 / LHE CRYOSTAT. THIS PAPER PRESENTS THE DESIGN AND THE NUMERICAL SIMULATION ANALYSIS ON THERMAL UNIFORMITY OF THE ELECTRON BUBBLE CHAMBER.

  20. Chinese Female Jet-Fighter Pilots Change New Uniforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Prior to the 60th anniversary of founding of People's Republic of China that marks calendar day of Oct.1st this year,Chinese armed forces stage on a new change of uniforms to welcome the birthday of the New China that was announced by Chairman Mao 60 years ago.On Aug.30th,a ceremony was started at an air-force base in North China to show a new generation of air-force uniforms for the female jet-fighter pilots.A total of 16 Chinese female jetfighter pilots to debut on National Day are expected to appear in new dress for an unprecedented dress parade on the Oct.1st.

  1. Lithography beamline design and exposure uniformity controlling and measuring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Shinan; Jiang, Dikui; Liu, Zewen; Chen, Qianhong; Kan, Ya; Liu, Wanpo

    1989-07-01

    The lithography beamline design of Hefei National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory is presented. A scanning mirror is used to cut off short wavelength radiation and to expand the vertical exposure dimension to 50 mm. A thin beryllium window is installed before the scanning mirror to prevent the longer wavelength radiation from going through. An exposure chamber with a vacuum of 5×10E-7 Torr is located at 7 m downstream from the source point. Because there is no window at the entrance of the chamber, a differential pumping system is used. The scanning mirror is driven by a stepping motor which oscillates through a 1° angle. The required driving speed curve is determined by a computer in order to obtain a uniform exposure area. An in situ moiré fringe grating system is used to measure the uniformity of the motor speed.

  2. European Missile Defense and Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    most senior level—the only one that matters in Russian decisionmaking cul - ture—is also of significance today and will also be re- ferred to later in... org /missile-defense/us-ballistic-missile-defense/p30607. 9. Email exchange with author, July 2013. 10. “Safeguard,” Washington, DC: Federation of Ameri

  3. Advising Host Nations and Host Nation Security Forces: The United States Military Advisory Efforts through 2020

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    List MNC-I Multinational Corps-Iraq MNSTC-I Multi-National Security Transition Command-Iraq MOD Minister of Defense MoDA Minister of Defense...positive note, DOD implemented the Ministry of Defense Advisor ( MoDA ) program in 2010 to overcome the advisor shortcoming, for both the Minister of...Defense (MOD) and Minister of Interior (MOI). The DOD developed the MoDA program as a result of operational requirements in Afghanistan and Iraq. MOD

  4. The Relationship between Inflation and Defense Expenditures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    resources they would be bid up in the expanding sector. See Robert Solow , "Evaluation," in After the Phillips Curve: Persistence of High Inflation and...can be explained by the respective rates of growth of money supply per unit of national product. ’𔃼 IF’risch, op. cit., p. 1311. Robert J. Gordon...Statistical Approach for Forecasting Defense Expenditures in the Short-run," in William F. Butler, Robert A. Kavesh, and Robert B. Platt, eds., "Methods and

  5. Uniform supersaturated design and its construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方开泰; 葛根年; 刘民千

    2002-01-01

    Supersaturated designs are factorial designs in which the number of main effects is greater than the number of experimental runs. In this paper, a discrete discrepancy is proposed as a measure of uniformity for supersaturated designs, and a lower bound of this discrepancy is obtained asa benchmark of design uniformity. A construction method for uniform supersaturated designs via resolvable balanced incomplete block designs is also presented along with the investigation of properties of the resulting designs. The construction method shows a strong link between these two different kinds of designs.

  6. Whiteness formula in CIELAB uniform color space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guoxin He; Mingxun Zhou

    2007-01-01

    @@ Many attempts have been made to standardize the calculation of whiteness. Whiteness formulas currently in use satisfactorily characterize the appearance of commercial whiteness. However, they have poor correlations with the observers' evaluations, and are often unsuccessful in assessing tinted white samples.A whiteness formula in the CIELAB uniform color space is developed in this paper. Several whiteness formulas are analyzed and compared. The experimental results show that the whiteness formula in the CIELAB uniform color space agrees well with the visual ranking, and it is superior to the CIE whiteness formula and the others in visual correlativity, uniformity and applicability.

  7. Plant defense against insect herbivores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    defense responses. Plants also apply morphological features like waxes, trichomes and latices to make the feeding more difficult for the insects. Extrafloral nectar, food bodies and nesting or refuge sites are produced to accommodate and feed the predators of the herbivores. Meanwhile, herbivorous insects......Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar....... Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight...

  8. 76 FR 78958 - Bureau of Political Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-20

    ... Ministry of Defense of Malaysia. The United States Government is prepared to license the export of these... manufacture of the M72A5 Light Anti-Armor Weapon (LAW) system for the Canadian Department of National Defense... domestic law enforcement and government agency customers in the approved sales territory. The United...

  9. 76 FR 4322 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2009 Missile Defense Agency Services Contracts Inventory Pursuant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... of the Secretary Availability of the Fiscal Year 2009 Missile Defense Agency Services Contracts... United States Code as amended by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (NDAA 08... Procurement and Acquisition Policy, Office of Strategic Sourcing (DPAP/SS) will make available to the public...

  10. Support Assistants for Fire Emergencies; Student Manual, Part A. Firefighting for Civil Defense Emergencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Association of Fire Chiefs, New York, NY.

    A manual intended to help fire departments and Civil Defense organizations train people to support regular fire forces during a national emergency is presented. It contains 11 chapters: Introduction, Modern Weapons and Radioactive Fallout, Role of Fire Service in Civil Defense, Local Fire Department Organization, Role of Support Assistants in…

  11. Uniform Facility Data Set US (UFDS-1998)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Uniform Facility Data Set (UFDS) was designed to measure the scope and use of drug abuse treatment services in the United States. The survey collects information...

  12. 7 CFR 29.3563 - Uniformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... INSPECTION Standards Official Standard Grades for Dark Air-Cured Tobacco (u.s. Types 35, 36, 37 and Foreign... tobacco as it is prepared for market. Uniformity is expressed in grade specifications as a percentage....

  13. On uniform exponential growth for solvable groups

    OpenAIRE

    Breuillard, Emmanuel

    2006-01-01

    Using a theorem of J. Groves we give a ping-pong proof of Osin's uniform exponential growth for solvable groups. We discuss slow exponential growth and show that this phenomenon disappears as one passes to a finite index subgroup.

  14. Orbifoldization, covering surfaces and uniformization theory

    CERN Document Server

    Bántay, P

    1998-01-01

    The connection between the theory of permutation orbifolds, covering surfaces and uniformization is investigated, and the higher genus partition functions of an arbitrary permutation orbifold are expressed in terms of those of the original theory.

  15. Order and Progress? The Evolution of Brazilian Defense Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    to progress from this stereotype , Brazil needed a catalyst, which came from a charismatic national leader. Toward the end of the Cardoso... advertising the military’s mission to the citizenry in order to gain a stronger voice in domestic affairs and political agendas. Defense strategy and

  16. 40 CFR 34.500 - Secretary of Defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... determines, in writing, that such an exemption is in the national interest. The Secretary shall transmit a copy of each such written exemption to Congress immediately after making such a determination. (b) The Department of Defense may issue supplemental regulations to implement paragraph (a) of this section. ...

  17. 38 CFR 45.500 - Secretary of Defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Secretary determines, in writing, that such an exemption is in the national interest. The Secretary shall transmit a copy of each such written exemption to Congress immediately after making such a determination. (b) The Department of Defense may issue supplemental regulations to implement paragraph (a) of this...

  18. Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-18

    their numbers and votes, vetoes, substitutions, dates of final passage, and public law numbers. Significant definitions are also included. This...The appropriations bill actually enables the military departments and defense agencies to draw funds from the national treasury. Ideally , the... Ideally , after the authorization bill is passed, the appropriations bill goes through this same process. Although conceptually a sequential process

  19. Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-20

    their numbers and votes, vetoes, substitutions, dates of final passage, and public law numbers. Significant definitions are also included. This report...The appropriations bill actually enables the military departments and defense agencies to draw funds from the national treasury. Ideally , the... Ideally , after the authorization bill is passed, the appropriations bill goes through this same process. Although conceptually a sequential process

  20. Strategic Planning and Management in Defense Systems Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-30

    between top and working levels, coupled with micromanagement and multilevel approvals in both defense and nondefense organizations. In both types of...national security, not profit- or market -driven considerations. In fact, respondents noted that sometimes performance must be achieved at all costs

  1. Completions of pre–uniform spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Adalberto García-Máynez; Rubén Mancio-Toledo

    2007-01-01

    [EN] In this paper we prove the existence of a completion of a T0–pre-uniform space (X,U), with the property that each Cauchy filter in (X,U) contains a weakly round filter. García-Máynez, A.; Mancio-Toledo, R. (2007). Completions of pre–uniform spaces. Applied General Topology. 8(2):213-221. doi:10.4995/agt.2007.1882. 213 221 8 2

  2. The significance of uniform in establishing unity, hierarchy and conformity at Thai universities

    OpenAIRE

    Bunyawanich, S. (Sasanun)

    2017-01-01

    The practice of wearing uniforms in Thai universities was implemented in the reign of King Rama V for Chulalongkorn University, the first university of Thailand. Later on the majority of universities in Thailand have adopted this practice because it has been seen to represent the ideas of politeness, honor, unity, and uniqueness of Thai culture. Hence, the practice of wear-ing the uniform is anchored on Thainess, the core of which is founded on kinship, religion, and nation creating a sense o...

  3. High uniformity magnetic coil for search of neutron electric dipole moment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez Galvan, A., E-mail: apg@caltech.edu [W.K. Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125 (United States); Plaster, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40506 (United States); Boissevain, J.; Carr, R.; Filippone, B.W.; Mendenhall, M.P.; Schmid, R. [W.K. Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125 (United States); Alarcon, R.; Balascuta, S. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 (United States)

    2011-12-21

    We present in this article a prototype magnetic coil that has been developed for a new search for the electric dipole moment of the neutron at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The gradients of the magnetic field generated by the coil have been optimized to reduce known systematic effects and to yield long polarization lifetimes of the trapped particles sampling the highly uniform magnetic field. Measurements of the field uniformity of this prototype magnetic coil are also presented.

  4. Alignment and Characterization of High Uniformity Imaging Spectrometers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Holly A.; Mouroulis, Pantazis; Eastwood, Michael L.; Green, Robert O.; Geier, Sven; Hochberg, Eric B.

    2011-01-01

    Imaging spectrometers require precise adjustments, in some cases at the sub-micrometer level, in order to achieve auniform response over both the spectral and spatial dimensions. We describe a set of measurement techniques and theircorresponding alignment adjustments to achieve the 95% or higher uniformity specifications required for Earthobservingimaging spectrometers. The methods are illustrated with measurements from the Next Generation Imaging Spectrometer system that has been built at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  5. 77 FR 4284 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-27

    ... relating to mission, policy, accreditation, faculty, student, facilities, curricula, educational methods, research, and administration of the National Intelligence University. The Director, Defense Intelligence... consecutive terms of service. This same term of service limitation also applies to any DoD...

  6. Defense Strategies Against Modern Botnets

    CERN Document Server

    Stankovic, Srdjan

    2009-01-01

    Botnets are networks of compromised computers with malicious code which are remotely controlled and which are used for starting distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, sending enormous number of e-mails (SPAM) and other sorts of attacks. Defense against modern Botnets is a real challenge. This paper offers several strategies for defense against Botnets with a list and description of measures and activities which should be carried out in order to establish successful defense. The paper also offers parallel preview of the strategies with their advantages and disadvantages considered in accordance with various criteria.

  7. Quadrennial Defense Review and Ballistic Missile Defense Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    global defense posture 3 BMDR Highlights • Outlines a strategy and policy framework to – Defend the homeland against limited ballistic missile attack...abroad – Collaborate closely with allies and partners – Pursue a cooperative and tailored global defense posture – Strengthen US civilian capacity...reviews in 2010 – QDR and BMDR released February 1, 2010 – Nuclear Posture Review to be released this spring – Space Posture Review, with Director of

  8. Defense Budgeting in a Constrained Economy: Reengineering the Budget Process to Meet the Challenge of a Modernizing Zimbabwe Defense Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    made possible by the immeasurable assistance from a number of people within and outside the ZDF. Dr Philomina "Muconnect" Nhemachena, Major Clive ...These national values form the basis of national interests which states will use all their might to safeguard. Arlinghaus and Barker posit that "all...and Capabilities (Westview Press, 1986) ed. Bruce E. Arlinghaus and Pauline H. Barker , 3. 6 G. M. Dillon, Defense Policy Making: A Comparative

  9. Molecular strategies of plant defense and insect counter-defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KEYANZHU-SALZMAN; JIAN-LONGBI; TONG-XIANLIU

    2005-01-01

    The prediction of human population growth worldwide indicates there will be a need to substantially increase food production in order to meet the demand on food supply.This can be achieved in part by the effective management of insect pests. Since plants have co-evolved with herbivorous insects for millions of years, they have developed an array of defense genes to protect themselves against a wide variety of chewing and sucking insects.Using these naturally-occurring genes via genetic engineering represents an environmentally friendly insect pest-control measure. Insects, however, have been actively evolving adaptive mechanisms to evade natural plant defenses. Such evolved adaptability undoubtedly has helped insects during the last century to rapidly overcome a great many humanimposed management practices and agents, including chemical insecticides and genetically engineered plants. Thus, better understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of plant defense and insect counter-defense mechanisms is imperative, not only from a basic science perspective, but also for biotechnology-based pest control practice. In this review, we emphasize the recent advance and understanding of molecular strategies of attack-counterattack and defense-counter-defense between plants and their herbivores.

  10. Chinese Responses to U.S. Military Transformation and Implications for the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    capability, warning capability, and anti-air ____________ 43 Chen Fangyou ( ), Naval Campaign Teaching Materials ( ), Bei- jing: National Defense...because the enemy may simply unplug the network, denying access to the target set, or patch the relevant vul- nerabilities, thus obviating all prior...for DoD Chen Fangyou ( ), Naval Campaign Teaching Materials ( ), Beijing: National Defense University Press, 1991. Chen Huan, “The Third Military

  11. Non-uniform sampled scalar diffraction calculation using non-uniform fast Fourier transform

    CERN Document Server

    Shimobaba, Tomoyoshi; Oikawa, Minoru; Okada, Naohisa; Endo, Yutaka; Hirayama, Ryuji; Ito, Tomoyoshi

    2013-01-01

    Scalar diffraction calculations such as the angular spectrum method (ASM) and Fresnel diffraction, are widely used in the research fields of optics, X-rays, electron beams, and ultrasonics. It is possible to accelerate the calculation using fast Fourier transform (FFT); unfortunately, acceleration of the calculation of non-uniform sampled planes is limited due to the property of the FFT that imposes uniform sampling. In addition, it gives rise to wasteful sampling data if we calculate a plane having locally low and high spatial frequencies. In this paper, we developed non-uniform sampled ASM and Fresnel diffraction to improve the problem using the non-uniform FFT.

  12. A uniform parameterization of moment tensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tape, C.; Tape, W.

    2015-12-01

    A moment tensor is a 3 x 3 symmetric matrix that expresses an earthquake source. We construct a parameterization of the five-dimensional space of all moment tensors of unit norm. The coordinates associated with the parameterization are closely related to moment tensor orientations and source types. The parameterization is uniform, in the sense that equal volumes in the coordinate domain of the parameterization correspond to equal volumes of moment tensors. Uniformly distributed points in the coordinate domain therefore give uniformly distributed moment tensors. A cartesian grid in the coordinate domain can be used to search efficiently over moment tensors. We find that uniformly distributed moment tensors have uniformly distributed orientations (eigenframes), but that their source types (eigenvalue triples) are distributed so as to favor double couples. An appropriate choice of a priori moment tensor probability is a prerequisite for parameter estimation. As a seemingly sensible choice, we consider the homogeneous probability, in which equal volumes of moment tensors are equally likely. We believe that it will lead to improved characterization of source processes.

  13. Defense Spending and the Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-07

    the first resolution. Our forecast projects continued growth in the economy and moderate inflation for one or possibly two years, despite federal...than provided in the resolution. Additional emphasis on defense would, of course, promote defense-intensive sectors of the economy at the expense of...others, but CBO believes the economy could accommodate such shifts without significant adverse effects on macroeconomic variables such as employment

  14. Theater Missile Defense Integration Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    high endoatmospheric defense interceptor (HEDI) proposed t earlier. EADTB. Extended Air Defense Test Bed. A computer-based analysis center for...for attacking deeper elements of an aggressors’s ground forces. Known in NATO as Follow-on Force Attack ( FOFA ). JSTARS. Joint surveillance target...AFIA/INKS ATTN. INKS AFIS/INT ATTN: INT AIR hORCE CTR FOR STUDIES & ANALYSIS ATTN: AFSAA/SAKI 9 Dist-1 w^mmmm mmmm^-mmmemH

  15. The Complexity of Synthesizing Uniform Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bastien Maubert

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We investigate uniformity properties of strategies. These properties involve sets of plays in order to express useful constraints on strategies that are not μ-calculus definable. Typically, we can state that a strategy is observation-based. We propose a formal language to specify uniformity properties, interpreted over two-player turn-based arenas equipped with a binary relation between plays. This way, we capture e.g. games with winning conditions expressible in epistemic temporal logic, whose underlying equivalence relation between plays reflects the observational capabilities of agents (for example, synchronous perfect recall. Our framework naturally generalizes many other situations from the literature. We establish that the problem of synthesizing strategies under uniformity constraints based on regular binary relations between plays is non-elementary complete.

  16. Functional uniform priors for nonlinear modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornkamp, Björn

    2012-09-01

    This article considers the topic of finding prior distributions when a major component of the statistical model depends on a nonlinear function. Using results on how to construct uniform distributions in general metric spaces, we propose a prior distribution that is uniform in the space of functional shapes of the underlying nonlinear function and then back-transform to obtain a prior distribution for the original model parameters. The primary application considered in this article is nonlinear regression, but the idea might be of interest beyond this case. For nonlinear regression the so constructed priors have the advantage that they are parametrization invariant and do not violate the likelihood principle, as opposed to uniform distributions on the parameters or the Jeffrey's prior, respectively. The utility of the proposed priors is demonstrated in the context of design and analysis of nonlinear regression modeling in clinical dose-finding trials, through a real data example and simulation.

  17. Uniform dimension results for Gaussian random fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Let X = {X(t),t ∈ RN} be a Gaussian random field with values in Rd defined by X(t) =(X1(t),...,Xd(t)), t ∈ RN.(1) The properties of space and time anisotropy of X and their connections to uniform Hausdorff dimension results are discussed.It is shown that in general the uniform Hausdorff dimension result does not hold for the image sets of a space-anisotropic Gaussian random field X.When X is an(N,d)-Gaussian random field as in(1),where X1,...,Xd are independent copies of a real valued,centered Gaussian random field X0 which is anisotropic in the time variable.We establish uniform Hausdorff dimension results for the image sets of X.These results extend the corresponding results on one-dimensional Brownian motion,fractional Brownian motion and the Brownian sheet.

  18. Elastic stability of non-uniform columns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, S. Y.; Kuo, Y. H.

    1991-07-01

    A simple and efficient method is proposed to investigate the elastic stability of three different tapered columns subjected to uniformly distributed follower forces. The influences of the boundary conditions and taper ratio on critical buckling loads are investigated. The critical buckling loads of columns of rectangular cross section with constant depth and linearly varied width ( T1), constant width and linearly varied depth ( T2) and double taper ( T3) are investigated. Among the three different non-uniform columns considered, taper ratio has the greatest influence on the critical buckling load of column T3 and the lowest influence on that of column T1. The types of instability mechanisms for hinged-hinged and cantilever non-uniform columns are divergence and flutter respectively. However, for clamped-hinged and clamped-clamped non-uniform columns, the type of instability mechanism for column T1 is divergence, while that for columns T2 and T3 is divergence only when the taper ratio of the columns is greater than certain critical values and flutter for the rest value of taper ratio. When the type of instability mechanism changes from divergence to flutter, there is a finite jump for the critical buckling load. The influence of taper ratio on the elastic stability of cantilever column T3 is very sensitive for small values of the taper ratio and there also exist some discontinieties in the critical buckling loads of flutter instability. For a hinged-hinged non-uniform column ( T2 or T3) with a rotational spring at the left end of the column, when the taper ratio is less than the critical value the instability mechanism changes from divergence to flutter as the rotational spring constant is increased. For a clamped-elastically supported non-uniform column, when the taper ratio is greater than the critical value the instability mechanism changes from flutter to divergence as the translational spring constant is increased.

  19. Foreign Internal Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    basis for today’s FID doctrine. d. In recent times, the United States has provided the same type of NA in El Salvador, Colombia , Kuwait, the...transfers and related services have reached enormous dimensions and involve most of the world’s nations, either as a seller /provider or buyer...measures and consideration of the following: (1) Street or organized crime. (2) Foreign intelligence services. (3) Local populace animosity

  20. Uniform wire segmentation algorithm of distributed interconnects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Guoli; Lin Zhenghui

    2007-01-01

    A uniform wire segmentation algorithm for performance optimization of distributed RLC interconnects was proposed in this paper. The optimal wire length for identical segments and buffer size for buffer insertion are obtained through computation and derivation, based on a 2-pole approximation model of distributed RLC interconnect. For typical inductance value and long wires under 180nm technology, experiments show that the uniform wire segmentation technique proposed in the paper can reduce delay by about 27% ~ 56% , while requires 34%~69% less total buffer usage and thus 29% to 58% less power consumption. It is suitable for long RLC interconnect performance optimization.

  1. Uniform topology on EQ-algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Jiang

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we use filters of an EQ-algebra E to induce a uniform structure (E, , and then the part induce a uniform topology in E. We prove that the pair (E, is a topological EQ-algebra, and some properties of (E, are investigated. In particular, we show that (E, is a first-countable, zero-dimensional, disconnected and completely regular space. Finally, by using convergence of nets, the convergence of topological EQ-algebras is obtained.

  2. 76 FR 72391 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ... Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation (DLAR) 1000.22. SUMMARY: On May 18, 2011, the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) published a Notice of...

  3. 76 FR 53119 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ... Office of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Comment Addressed on Notice of Availability (NOA) of Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation (DLAR...

  4. Technical Soddi Defenses: The Trojan Horse Defense Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chad Steel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2004, the Trojan horse defense was at a crossroads, with two child pornography cases where it was successfully employed in the United Kingdom, resulting in acquittals.  The original Trojan horse defense has now become part of the more general “technical SODDI” defense, which includes the possibility of unknown actors using unsecured Wi-Fi connections or having physical access to a computer to perform criminal acts.  In the past ten years, it has failed to be effective in the United States for criminal cases, with no published acquittals in cases where it was the primary defense.  In the criminal cases where it has been used as leverage in plea negotiations, there has been either poor forensics performed by the prosecution or political pressure to resolve a matter.  On the civil side, however, the defense has been wildly successful, effectively shutting down large John Doe copyright infringement litigation against non-commercial violators.  

  5. The science, technology, and politics of ballistic missile defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyle, Philip E.

    2014-05-01

    America's missile defense systems are deployed at home and abroad. This includes the Groundbased Missile Defense (GMD) system in Alaska and California, the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe (EPAA), and regional systems in the Middle East and Asia. Unfortunately these systems lack workable architectures, and many of the required elements either don't work or are missing. Major review and reconsideration is needed of all elements of these systems. GMD performance in tests has gotten worse with time, when it ought to be getting better. A lack of political support is not to blame as the DoD spends about 10 billion per year, and proposes to add about 5 billion over the next five years. Russia objects to the EPAA as a threat to its ICBM forces, and to the extensive deployment of U.S. military forces in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Going forward the U.S. should keep working with Russia whose cooperation will be key to diplomatic gains in the Middle East and elsewhere. Meanwhile, America's missile defenses face an enduring set of issues, especially target discrimination in the face of attacks designed to overwhelm the defenses, stage separation debris, chaff, decoys, and stealth. Dealing with target discrimination while also replacing, upgrading, or adding to the many elements of U.S. missiles defenses presents daunting budget priorities. A new look at the threat is warranted, and whether the U.S. needs to consider every nation that possesses even short-range missiles a threat to America. The proliferation of missiles of all sizes around the world is a growing problem, but expecting U.S. missile defenses to deal with all those missiles everywhere is unrealistic, and U.S. missile defenses, effective or not, are justifying more and more offensive missiles.

  6. The science, technology, and politics of ballistic missile defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coyle, Philip E. [Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, Washington, DC (United States)

    2014-05-09

    America's missile defense systems are deployed at home and abroad. This includes the Groundbased Missile Defense (GMD) system in Alaska and California, the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe (EPAA), and regional systems in the Middle East and Asia. Unfortunately these systems lack workable architectures, and many of the required elements either don't work or are missing. Major review and reconsideration is needed of all elements of these systems. GMD performance in tests has gotten worse with time, when it ought to be getting better. A lack of political support is not to blame as the DoD spends about $10 billion per year, and proposes to add about $5 billion over the next five years. Russia objects to the EPAA as a threat to its ICBM forces, and to the extensive deployment of U.S. military forces in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Going forward the U.S. should keep working with Russia whose cooperation will be key to diplomatic gains in the Middle East and elsewhere. Meanwhile, America's missile defenses face an enduring set of issues, especially target discrimination in the face of attacks designed to overwhelm the defenses, stage separation debris, chaff, decoys, and stealth. Dealing with target discrimination while also replacing, upgrading, or adding to the many elements of U.S. missiles defenses presents daunting budget priorities. A new look at the threat is warranted, and whether the U.S. needs to consider every nation that possesses even short-range missiles a threat to America. The proliferation of missiles of all sizes around the world is a growing problem, but expecting U.S. missile defenses to deal with all those missiles everywhere is unrealistic, and U.S. missile defenses, effective or not, are justifying more and more offensive missiles.

  7. Operation disturbance by wind turbines of fixed radars from civil aviation, national defense, Meteo-France, and maritime and fluvial harbors and navigation (PNM); Perturbations par les aerogenerateurs du fonctionnement des radars fixes de l'Aviation civile, de la Defense nationale, de Meteo-France et des ports et navigation maritime et fluviale (PNM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    Wind turbines and the movement of their blades can have penalizing effects on the processing of radars data. These disturbances can have a strong impact on the air, maritime and fluvial safety, on the protection of the territory and on the prevention of natural hazards. Reports made by the national agency of frequencies (ANFR) have established recommendations for the definition of protection areas (5 km) and coordination areas (5 to 30 km) which have to be taken into consideration prior to any project of wind turbine. (J.S.)

  8. UMAPRM: Uniformly sampling the medial axis

    KAUST Repository

    Yeh, Hsin-Yi Cindy

    2014-05-01

    © 2014 IEEE. Maintaining clearance, or distance from obstacles, is a vital component of successful motion planning algorithms. Maintaining high clearance often creates safer paths for robots. Contemporary sampling-based planning algorithms That utilize The medial axis, or The set of all points equidistant To Two or more obstacles, produce higher clearance paths. However, They are biased heavily Toward certain portions of The medial axis, sometimes ignoring parts critical To planning, e.g., specific Types of narrow passages. We introduce Uniform Medial Axis Probabilistic RoadMap (UMAPRM), a novel planning variant That generates samples uniformly on The medial axis of The free portion of Cspace. We Theoretically analyze The distribution generated by UMAPRM and show its uniformity. Our results show That UMAPRM\\'s distribution of samples along The medial axis is not only uniform but also preferable To other medial axis samplers in certain planning problems. We demonstrate That UMAPRM has negligible computational overhead over other sampling Techniques and can solve problems The others could not, e.g., a bug Trap. Finally, we demonstrate UMAPRM successfully generates higher clearance paths in The examples.

  9. Uniform design of experiments with mixtures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王元; 方开泰

    1996-01-01

    Consider a design of experiments with mixtures:0≤aiuniform distribution in number theory.

  10. Apartness and uniformity a constructive development

    CERN Document Server

    Bridges, Douglas S

    2011-01-01

    This book presents a theory of apartness encompassing both point-set topology and the theory of uniform spaces. The first book on the apartness approach to constructive topology, it is a valuable addition to the literature on topology in computer science.

  11. Towards a uniform analysis of 'any'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rooij, R.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, Universal any and Negative Polarity Item any are uniformly analyzed as ‘counterfactual’ donkey sentences (in disguise). Their difference in meaning is reduced here to the distinction between strong and weak readings of donkey sentences. It is shown that this explains the universal and

  12. Magnetostatics of the uniformly polarized torus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beleggia, Marco; De Graef, Marc; Millev, Yonko

    2009-01-01

    We provide an exhaustive description of the magnetostatics of the uniformly polarized torus and its derivative self-intersecting (spindle) shapes. In the process, two complementary approaches have been implemented, position-space analysis of the Laplace equation with inhomogeneous boundary...

  13. School Uniforms in Urban Public High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draa, Virginia Ann Bendel

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the implementation of a mandatory uniform policy in urban public high schools improved school performance measures at the building level for rates of attendance, graduation, academic proficiency, and student conduct as measured by rates of suspensions and expulsions. Sixty-four secondary…

  14. School Uniform Revisited: Procedure, Pressure and Equality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carney, Damian; Sinclair, Adele

    2006-01-01

    The House of Lords' decision in "R. (on the application of Begum) v. The Headteacher and Governors of Denbigh High School" considered whether a particular school uniform policy infringed a student's right to manifest her religion under Article 9. This paper analyses the content of this decision, and explores how schools should approach…

  15. Mandatory School Uniforms and Freedom of Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vopat, Mark C.

    2010-01-01

    On 10 December 2007 the Akron City School Board--following the precedent set by many school systems across the United States and the world--instituted a policy of mandatory school uniforms for all students in grades K-8. The measure was met with mixed reviews. While many parents supported the measure, a small group of parents from a selective,…

  16. Uniforms: Are They a Good Fit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutelle, Marsha

    2008-01-01

    In an era where some parents seem unwilling or unable to draw the "clothes" line with their children, where pop culture influences kids' clothing choices as never before, and school safety--including gang violence--is at the top of everyone's minds, school uniforms and dress codes can play a significant role. What that role should be,…

  17. On Uniform Weak König's Lemma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohlenbach, Ulrich

    2002-01-01

    is of interest in the context of explicit mathematics as developed by S. Feferman. The elimination process in Kohlenbach [10] actually can be used to eliminate even this uniform weak Konig's lemma provided that PRA only has a quantifier-free rule of extensionality QF-ER instead of the full axioms (E...

  18. Uniformly convex and strictly convex Orlicz spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masta, Al Azhary

    2016-02-01

    In this paper we define the new norm of Orlicz spaces on ℝn through a multiplication operator on an old Orlicz spaces. We obtain some necessary and sufficient conditions that the new norm to be a uniformly convex and strictly convex spaces.

  19. On fixed points and uniformly convex spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Gelander, Tsachik

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this note is to present two elementary, but useful, facts concerning actions on uniformly convex spaces. We demonstrate how each of them can be used in an alternative proof of the triviality of the first $L_p$-cohomology of higher rank simple Lie groups, proved in [BFGM].

  20. Stone stability under non-uniform flow

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoan, N.T.; Booij, R.; Hofland, B.; Stive, M.J.F.; Verhagen, H.J.

    2007-01-01

    The current research is aimed at finding a dimensionless stability parameter for non-uniform flow in which the effect of turbulence is incorporated. To this end, experiments were carried out in which both the bed response (quantified by a dimensionless entrainment rate) and the flow field (velocity

  1. MODERATOR ELEMENTS FOR UNIFORM POWER NUCLEAR REACTOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balent, R.

    1963-03-12

    This patent describes a method of obtaining a flatter flux and more uniform power generation across the core of a nuclear reactor. The method comprises using moderator elements having differing moderating strength. The elements have an increasing amount of the better moderating material as a function of radial and/or axial distance from the reactor core center. (AEC)

  2. Improving rooting uniformity in rose cuttings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Telgen, van H.J.; Eveleens-Clark, B.A.; Garcia Victoria, N.

    2007-01-01

    Studies to improve rooting uniformity of single node stem cuttings for rose are reported. We found that the variation in shoot growth in a young rose crop depended on the variation in root number of the cuttings, which, in turn, was related to the auxin concentration applied to the cutting before ro

  3. Segmented blockcopolymers with uniform amide segments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Husken, D.; Krijgsman, J.; Gaymans, R.J.

    2004-01-01

    Segmented blockcopolymers based on poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO) soft segments and uniform crystallisable tetra-amide segments (TxTxT) are made via polycondensation. The PTMO soft segments, with a molecular weight of 1000 g/mol, are extended with terephthalic groups to a molecular weight of 6000

  4. Uniforms: Are They a Good Fit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutelle, Marsha

    2008-01-01

    In an era where some parents seem unwilling or unable to draw the "clothes" line with their children, where pop culture influences kids' clothing choices as never before, and school safety--including gang violence--is at the top of everyone's minds, school uniforms and dress codes can play a significant role. What that role should be, however, is…

  5. Uniform color spaces and natural image statistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDermott, Kyle C; Webster, Michael A

    2012-02-01

    Many aspects of visual coding have been successfully predicted by starting from the statistics of natural scenes and then asking how the stimulus could be efficiently represented. We started from the representation of color characterized by uniform color spaces, and then asked what type of color environment they implied. These spaces are designed to represent equal perceptual differences in color discrimination or appearance by equal distances in the space. The relative sensitivity to different axes within the space might therefore reflect the gamut of colors in natural scenes. To examine this, we projected perceptually uniform distributions within the Munsell, CIE L(*)u(*)v(*) or CIE L(*)a(*)b(*) spaces into cone-opponent space. All were elongated along a bluish-yellowish axis reflecting covarying signals along the L-M and S-(L+M) cardinal axes, a pattern typical (though not identical) to many natural environments. In turn, color distributions from environments were more uniform when projected into the CIE L(*)a(*)b(*) perceptual space than when represented in a normalized cone-opponent space. These analyses suggest the bluish-yellowish bias in environmental colors might be an important factor shaping chromatic sensitivity, and also suggest that perceptually uniform color metrics could be derived from natural scene statistics and potentially tailored to specific environments.

  6. Scheduling identical jobs on uniform parallel machines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Dessouky (Mohamed); B. Lageweg (Ben); J.K. Lenstra; S.L. van de Velde (Steef)

    1990-01-01

    textabstractWe address the problem of scheduling n identical jobs on m uniform parallel machines to optimize scheduling criteria that are nondecreasing in the job completion times. It is well known that this can be formulated as a linear assignment problem, and subsequently solved in O(n3) time. We

  7. Downsampling Non-Uniformly Sampled Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredrik Gustafsson

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Decimating a uniformly sampled signal a factor D involves low-pass antialias filtering with normalized cutoff frequency 1/D followed by picking out every Dth sample. Alternatively, decimation can be done in the frequency domain using the fast Fourier transform (FFT algorithm, after zero-padding the signal and truncating the FFT. We outline three approaches to decimate non-uniformly sampled signals, which are all based on interpolation. The interpolation is done in different domains, and the inter-sample behavior does not need to be known. The first one interpolates the signal to a uniformly sampling, after which standard decimation can be applied. The second one interpolates a continuous-time convolution integral, that implements the antialias filter, after which every Dth sample can be picked out. The third frequency domain approach computes an approximate Fourier transform, after which truncation and IFFT give the desired result. Simulations indicate that the second approach is particularly useful. A thorough analysis is therefore performed for this case, using the assumption that the non-uniformly distributed sampling instants are generated by a stochastic process.

  8. Towards a uniform analysis of 'any'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rooij, R.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, Universal any and Negative Polarity Item any are uniformly analyzed as ‘counterfactual’ donkey sentences (in disguise). Their difference in meaning is reduced here to the distinction between strong and weak readings of donkey sentences. It is shown that this explains the universal and

  9. Uniform spray coating for large tanks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, J. M.

    1977-01-01

    System employs spray facility located within ventilated plastic booth to uniformly coat exterior of large cylindrical tanks with polyurethane foam insulation. Coating target is rotated on turntable while movable spray guns apply overlapping spirals of foam. Entire operation may be controlled by single operator from remote station.

  10. National prevalence of respiratory allergic disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dahl, R; Andersen, PS; Chivato, T; Valovirta, E; De Monchy, J

    2004-01-01

    Background: Many epidemiological studies have assessed the prevalence of respiratory allergic disorders in confined geographical locations. However, no study has yet established nationally prevalence data in a uniform manner representing whole countries and, thus, enabling cross-national comparisons

  11. Uniform Sampling Table Method and its Applications II--Evaluating the Uniform Sampling by Experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yibin; Chen, Jiaxi; Chen, Xuan; Wang, Min; Wang, Wei

    2015-01-01

    A new method of uniform sampling is evaluated in this paper. The items and indexes were adopted to evaluate the rationality of the uniform sampling. The evaluation items included convenience of operation, uniformity of sampling site distribution, and accuracy and precision of measured results. The evaluation indexes included operational complexity, occupation rate of sampling site in a row and column, relative accuracy of pill weight, and relative deviation of pill weight. They were obtained from three kinds of drugs with different shape and size by four kinds of sampling methods. Gray correlation analysis was adopted to make the comprehensive evaluation by comparing it with the standard method. The experimental results showed that the convenience of uniform sampling method was 1 (100%), odds ratio of occupation rate in a row and column was infinity, relative accuracy was 99.50-99.89%, reproducibility RSD was 0.45-0.89%, and weighted incidence degree exceeded the standard method. Hence, the uniform sampling method was easy to operate, and the selected samples were distributed uniformly. The experimental results demonstrated that the uniform sampling method has good accuracy and reproducibility, which can be put into use in drugs analysis.

  12. Uniform Library Information Systems in Yugoslavia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zivkovic, Bogomila

    1979-01-01

    The process followed by Yugoslavia in developing a national interdisciplinary information system included surveys of existing library practices, identification of potential databases, processing of library materials, production of national bibliographies, production of catalogs, and use of the system. (FM)

  13. The Inflammasome in Host Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gang Chen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nod-like receptors have emerged as an important family of sensors in host defense. These receptors are expressed in macrophages, dendritic cells and monocytes and play an important role in microbial immunity. Some Nod-like receptors form the inflammasome, a protein complex that activates caspase-1 in response to several stimuli. Caspase-1 activation leads to processing and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL-1β and IL-18. Here, we discuss recent advances in the inflammasome field with an emphasis on host defense. We also compare differential requirements for inflammasome activation in dendritic cells, macrophages and monocytes.

  14. Second Line of Defense Spares Program Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henderson, Dale L.; Muller, George; Mercier, Theresa M.; Brigantic, Robert T.; Perkins, Casey J.; Cooley, Scott K.

    2012-11-20

    The Office of the Second Line of Defense (SLD) is part of the Department of Energy‘s (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). The SLD Program accomplishes its critical global security mission by forming cooperative relationships with partner countries to install passive radiation detection systems that augment traditional inspection and law enforcement measures by alerting border officials to the presence of special nuclear or other radiological materials in cross-border traffic. An important tenet of the program is to work collaboratively with these countries to establish the necessary processes, procedures, infrastructure and conditions that will enable them to fully assume the financial and technical responsibilities for operating the equipment. As the number of operational deployments grows, the SLD Program faces an increasingly complex logistics process to promote the timely and efficient supply of spare parts.

  15. Influence on discharge uniformity of electrodes configuration

    CERN Document Server

    Zheng Jian; Sui Zhan; Lu Jing Ping; Zheng Kui Xing; Zhang Xiong Jun; Dong Yun; Feng Bin

    2002-01-01

    Large area glow discharge plasma that is transparent and highly conductive can be used as electrodes in Pockels cell to extend the switch aperture. To investigate this technology, a glow discharging chamber with a clear aperture of 5 cm x 5 cm was constructed, and hollow cathode, button cathode, pin cathode, bar cathode and bar anode were designed and produced. Using CCD imaging system, the discharging uniformity of different cathodes was tested with bar anode and under the different pressure pre-ionization voltage and main discharging voltage. A uniform plasma can be obtained with a hollow cathode when the pre-ionization voltage is about 700 V, the pressure is about 30 Pa, and the main discharging voltage is about 4 kV, which can be used for the plasma electrode of Pockels cell

  16. Non-Uniform Tube Representation of Proteins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Mikael Sonne

    Treating the full protein structure is often neither computationally nor physically possible. Instead one is forced to consider various reduced models capturing the properties of interest. Previous work have used tubular neighborhoods of the C-alpha backbone. However, assigning a unique radius...... might not correctly capture volume exclusion - of crucial importance when trying to understand a protein's 3d-structure. We propose a new reduced model treating the protein as a non-uniform tube with a radius reflecting the positions of atoms. The tube representation is well suited considering X......-ray crystallographic resolution ~ 3Å while a varying radius accounts for the different sizes of side chains. Such a non-uniform tube better captures the protein geometry and has numerous applications in structural/computational biology from the classification of protein structures to sequence-structure prediction....

  17. Non-uniform tube representation of proteins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Mikael Sonne

    Treating the full protein structure is often neither computationally nor physically possible. Instead one is forced to consider various reduced models capturing the properties of interest. Previous work have used tubular neighborhoods of the C-alpha backbone. However, assigning a unique radius...... might not correctly capture volume exclusion - of crucial importance when trying to understand a proteins $3$d-structure. We propose a new reduced model treating the protein as a non-uniform tube with a radius reflecting the positions of atoms. The tube representation is well suited considering X......-ray crystallographic resolution ~ 3Å while a varying radius accounts for the different sizes of side chains. Such a non-uniform tube better capture the protein geometry and has numerous applications in structural/computational biology from the classification of protein structures to sequence-structure prediction....

  18. Non-uniform tube representation of proteins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Mikael Sonne

    might not correctly capture volume exclusion - of crucial importance when trying to understand a proteins $3$d-structure. We propose a new reduced model treating the protein as a non-uniform tube with a radius reflecting the positions of atoms. The tube representation is well suited considering X......Treating the full protein structure is often neither computationally nor physically possible. Instead one is forced to consider various reduced models capturing the properties of interest. Previous work have used tubular neighborhoods of the C-alpha backbone. However, assigning a unique radius......-ray crystallographic resolution ~ 3Å while a varying radius accounts for the different sizes of side chains. Such a non-uniform tube better capture the protein geometry and has numerous applications in structural/computational biology from the classification of protein structures to sequence-structure prediction....

  19. Non-Uniform Tube Representation of Proteins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Mikael Sonne

    might not correctly capture volume exclusion - of crucial importance when trying to understand a protein's 3d-structure. We propose a new reduced model treating the protein as a non-uniform tube with a radius reflecting the positions of atoms. The tube representation is well suited considering X......Treating the full protein structure is often neither computationally nor physically possible. Instead one is forced to consider various reduced models capturing the properties of interest. Previous work have used tubular neighborhoods of the C-alpha backbone. However, assigning a unique radius......-ray crystallographic resolution ~ 3Å while a varying radius accounts for the different sizes of side chains. Such a non-uniform tube better captures the protein geometry and has numerous applications in structural/computational biology from the classification of protein structures to sequence-structure prediction....

  20. Uniform Algebras Over Complete Valued Fields

    CERN Document Server

    Mason, Jonathan W

    2012-01-01

    UNIFORM algebras have been extensively investigated because of their importance in the theory of uniform approximation and as examples of complex Banach algebras. An interesting question is whether analogous algebras exist when a complete valued field other than the complex numbers is used as the underlying field of the algebra. In the Archimedean setting, this generalisation is given by the theory of real function algebras introduced by S. H. Kulkarni and B. V. Limaye in the 1980s. This thesis establishes a broader theory accommodating any complete valued field as the underlying field by involving Galois automorphisms and using non-Archimedean analysis. The approach taken keeps close to the original definitions from the Archimedean setting. Basic function algebras are defined and generalise real function algebras to all complete valued fields. Several examples are provided. Each basic function algebra is shown to have a lattice of basic extensions related to the field structure. In the non-Archimedean settin...

  1. Uniform Refraction in Negative Refractive Index Materials

    CERN Document Server

    Gutierrez, Cristian E

    2015-01-01

    We study the problem of constructing an optical surface separating two homogeneous, isotropic media, one of which has a negative refractive index. In doing so, we develop a vector form of Snell's law, which is used to study surfaces possessing a certain uniform refraction property, both in the near and far field cases. In the near field problem, unlike the case when both materials have positive refractive index, we show that the resulting surfaces can be neither convex nor concave.

  2. Uniform refraction in negative refractive index materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez, Cristian E; Stachura, Eric

    2015-11-01

    We study the problem of constructing an optical surface separating two homogeneous, isotropic media, one of which has a negative refractive index. In doing so, we develop a vector form of Snell's law, which is used to study surfaces possessing a certain uniform refraction property, in both the near- and far-field cases. In the near-field problem, unlike the case when both materials have positive refractive indices, we show that the resulting surfaces can be neither convex nor concave.

  3. Dynamic Uniform Scaling for Multiobjective Genetic Algorithms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Gerulf; Goldberg, David E.

    2004-01-01

    Before Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms (MOEAs) can be used as a widespread tool for solving arbitrary real world problems there are some salient issues which require further investigation. One of these issues is how a uniform distribution of solutions along the Pareto non-dominated front can......, the issue of obtaining a diverse set of solutions for badly scaled objective functions will be investigated and proposed solutions will be implemented using the NSGA-II algorithm....

  4. Physical optics in a uniform gravitational field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacyan, Shahen

    2012-01-01

    The motion of a (quasi-)plane wave in a uniform gravitational field is studied. It is shown that the energy of an elliptically polarized wave does not propagate along a geodesic, but in a direction that is rotated with respect to the gravitational force. The similarity with the walk-off effect in anisotropic crystals or the optical Magnus effect in inhomogeneous media is pointed out.

  5. Dynamic Uniform Scaling for Multiobjective Genetic Algorithms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Gerulf; Goldberg, D.E.

    2004-01-01

    Before Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms (MOEAs) can be used as a widespread tool for solving arbitrary real world problems there are some salient issues which require further investigation. One of these issues is how a uniform distribution of solutions along the Pareto non-dominated front c......, the issue of obtaining a diverse set of solutions for badly scaled objective functions will be investigated and proposed solutions will be implemented using the NSGA-II algorithm....

  6. 77 FR 20550 - Uniform Criteria for State Observational Surveys of Seat Belt Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... State Observational Surveys of Seat Belt Use AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration... implementation date for use of the revised uniform criteria for State Observational Surveys of Seat Belt Use... Observational Surveys of Seat Belt Use.'' 76 FR 18042. That final rule amended the regulation...

  7. Beam uniformity of flat top lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chao; Cramer, Larry; Danielson, Don; Norby, James

    2015-03-01

    Many beams that output from standard commercial lasers are multi-mode, with each mode having a different shape and width. They show an overall non-homogeneous energy distribution across the spot size. There may be satellite structures, halos and other deviations from beam uniformity. However, many scientific, industrial and medical applications require flat top spatial energy distribution, high uniformity in the plateau region, and complete absence of hot spots. Reliable standard methods for the evaluation of beam quality are of great importance. Standard methods are required for correct characterization of the laser for its intended application and for tight quality control in laser manufacturing. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has published standard procedures and definitions for this purpose. These procedures have not been widely adopted by commercial laser manufacturers. This is due to the fact that they are unreliable because an unrepresentative single-pixel value can seriously distort the result. We hereby propose a metric of beam uniformity, a way of beam profile visualization, procedures to automatically detect hot spots and beam structures, and application examples in our high energy laser production.

  8. The non-uniformity of fossil preservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, Steven M

    2016-07-19

    The fossil record provides the primary source of data for calibrating the origin of clades. Although minimum ages of clades are given by the oldest preserved fossil, these underestimate the true age, which must be bracketed by probabilistic methods based on multiple fossil occurrences. Although most of these methods assume uniform preservation rates, this assumption is unsupported over geological timescales. On geologically long timescales (more than 10 Myr), the origin and cessation of sedimentary basins, and long-term variations in tectonic subsidence, eustatic sea level and sedimentation rate control the availability of depositional facies that preserve the environments in which species lived. The loss of doomed sediments, those with a low probability of preservation, imparts a secular trend to fossil preservation. As a result, the fossil record is spatially and temporally non-uniform. Models of fossil preservation should reflect this non-uniformity by using empirical estimates of fossil preservation that are spatially and temporally partitioned, or by using indirect proxies of fossil preservation. Geologically, realistic models of preservation will provide substantially more reliable estimates of the origination of clades.This article is part of the themed issue 'Dating species divergences using rocks and clocks'.

  9. Applications of fractional calculus to $ k $-uniformly starlike and $ k $-uniformly convex functions of order $ \\alpha $

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajab Akbarally

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A new subclass of analytic functions $ k-SP_\\lambda(\\alpha $ is introduced by applying certain operators of fractional calculus to $k$-uniformly starlike and $ k $-uniformly convex functions of order $ \\alpha $. Some theorems on coefficient bounds and growth and distortion theorems for this subclass are found. The radii of close to convexity, starlikeness and convexity for this subclass is also derived.

  10. Generalized Projections on Closed Nonconvex Sets in Uniformly Convex and Uniformly Smooth Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Messaoud Bounkhel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper is devoted to the study of the generalized projection πK:X∗→K, where X is a uniformly convex and uniformly smooth Banach space and K is a nonempty closed (not necessarily convex set in X. Our main result is the density of the points x∗∈X∗ having unique generalized projection over nonempty close sets in X. Some minimisation principles are also established. An application to variational problems with nonconvex sets is presented.

  11. Generalized Projections on Closed Nonconvex Sets in Uniformly Convex and Uniformly Smooth Banach Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Messaoud Bounkhel

    2015-01-01

    The present paper is devoted to the study of the generalized projection πK:X∗→K, where X is a uniformly convex and uniformly smooth Banach space and K is a nonempty closed (not necessarily convex) set in X. Our main result is the density of the points x∗∈X∗ having unique generalized projection over nonempty close sets in X. Some minimisation principles are also established. An application to variational problems with nonconvex sets is presented.

  12. A theoretical retention model for unsaturated uniform and graded soils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monnet Jacques

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Modelling the relation between the degree of saturation and the suction (ie retention curve is an important challenge for geotechnical engineering. It has a huge influence on the behavior of large soil constructions as levees, embankments, road earthworks. We present here a theoretical model of retention curve which considers physical relations of unsaturated soils. With this approach, there is no need to assume particular shapes of the retention curves, which are a consequence of the physical assumptions. The present study is focused on a theoretical model based on elastic spherical particle arrangement. As a first step a uniform model is presented with a single diameter of soil particle. A second step extends the use of the model to graded soils. The model uses only 5 physical parameters. It is compared with the experimental retention curve of two different samples of glass uniform particles and two different graded soils, a graded glass sample and the Livet-Gavet loam. It shows its ability to model the experimental curves and a better agreement than the former theory of Brooks and Corey (1966. This current publication is funded by the French National Project «Terredurable» (ANR 2011,.

  13. Comparison of Turbulent Heat-Transfer Results for Uniform Wall Heat Flux and Uniform Wall Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, R.; Sparrow, E. M.

    1960-01-01

    The purpose of this note is to examine in a more precise way how the Nusselt numbers for turbulent heat transfer in both the fully developed and thermal entrance regions of a circular tube are affected by two different wall boundary conditions. The comparisons are made for: (a) Uniform wall temperature (UWT); and (b) uniform wall heat flux (UHF). Several papers which have been concerned with the turbulent thermal entrance region problem are given. 1 Although these analyses have all utilized an eigenvalue formulation for the thermal entrance region there were differences in the choices of eddy diffusivity expressions, velocity distributions, and methods for carrying out the numerical solutions. These differences were also found in the fully developed analyses. Hence when making a comparison of the analytical results for uniform wall temperature and uniform wall heat flux, it was not known if differences in the Nusselt numbers could be wholly attributed to the difference in wall boundary conditions, since all the analytical results were not obtained in a consistent way. To have results which could be directly compared, computations were carried out for the uniform wall temperature case, using the same eddy diffusivity, velocity distribution, and digital computer program employed for uniform wall heat flux. In addition, the previous work was extended to a lower Reynolds number range so that comparisons could be made over a wide range of both Reynolds and Prandtl numbers.

  14. 76 FR 2151 - Assumption Buster Workshop: Defense-in-Depth is a Smart Investment for Cyber Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    ... Assumption Buster Workshop: Defense-in-Depth is a Smart Investment for Cyber Security AGENCY: The National...) Committee, an interagency working group that coordinates cyber security research activities in support of... the defense-in-depth strategy for cyber security. The workshop will be held March 22, 2011 in the...

  15. Defense Acquisition Performance Assessment Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Incorporated – “Changing the System” HeLLeR , TRiCiA A., Deputy Director of Congressional Support, Technical and Analytical Support, USAF A-Team...Interview Recorder” HeLLieR, RiCHARD, Director of Air Force Programs, United Technologies – “Joint Stars System” HeRMAN , DR. ROBeRT, Member, Defense

  16. Defense Financial and Investment Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-06-01

    to direct its attention to problems such as profit policy and the management and investment practices of defense contractors. Prorit Study 󈨖 In 1982...I \\-L 10 NO ADJUSTMENT 46- 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 Sources: Touche Ross; Prorit 󈨐 V-34

  17. In Defense of Darwin's Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naylor, Bruce G.; Handford, Paul

    1985-01-01

    Examines issues regarding the defensibility and utility of natural selection as a scientific theory, focusing on the process of population change over time. Topics considered include criticisms of Darwinian theory, tautology and the meaning of fitness, the ability of theories to predict and explain, and the sufficiency of natural selection. (DH)

  18. Systemic defense signaling in tomato

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Changbao; SUN Jiaqiang; JIANG Hongling; WU Xiaoyan; LI Chuanyou

    2005-01-01

    The wound-inducible expression of proteinase inhibitors (PIs) genes in tomato provides a powerful model system to elucidate the signal transduction pathway of sys- temic defense response. An increasing body of evidence indi- cates that systemin and jasmonic acid (JA) work in the same signaling pathway to activate the expression of PIs and other defense-related genes. However, little is known about how systemin and JA interact to regulate cell to cell communica- tion over long distances. Genetic analysis of the systemin/JA signaling pathway in tomato plants provides a unique opportunity to dissect the mechanism by which peptide and oxylipin signals interact to coordinate systemic expression of defense-related genes. Previously, it has been proposed that systemin is the long-distance mobile signal for systemic expression of defense related genes. However, recent genetic approach provided new evidence that jasmonic acid, rather than systemin, functions as the systemic wound signal, and that the peptide systemin works to regulate the biosynthesis of JA.

  19. Soviet debate on missile defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parrott, B.

    1987-04-01

    Although the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) is meant to cope with the danger of a Soviet nuclear attack, the recent US debate over SDI has paid surprisingly little attention to Soviet views of ballistic missile defense. Despite the existence of a substantial body of pertinent scholarship, the debate has failed to take adequate account of major changes in Soviet ballistic missile defense policy since the mid-1960s. It has also neglected the links between current Soviet military policy and broader Soviet political and economic choices. The Soviets regard SDI not as a novel undertaking to reduce the risks of nuclear war but as an extension of the geopolitical competition between the superpowers. This competition has been dominated in the 1980s, in the Soviet view, by sharply increased US assertiveness and the decline of detente. Viewing SDI as a manifestation of these general trends, Soviet decision makers find the prospect of an unregulated race in ballistic missile defenses and military space technologies deeply unsettling. The deterioration of superpower relations has raised serious doubts in Moscow about the wisdom of Soviet external policy during the 1970s and has provoked sharp internal differences over policy toward the US. Already highly suspicious of the Reagan administration, the elite is united by a general conviction that SDI is an American gambit that may ultimately undercut past Soviet strategic gains and pose a grave new threat to Soviet security. 14 references.

  20. What Happens After the Defense?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldtmann, Birgit

    2015-01-01

    who has attempted to attack the master’s vessel and whose distress is the direct result of lawful self-defense by PCASP? This is the question at the heart of this article, which argues that there are certain post incident obligations and that it is crucial to address these obligations at the flag...

  1. Multidimensional Perfectionism and Ego Defenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickinson, Wendy L.; Ashby, Jeffrey S.

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between multidimensional perfectionism and ego defense style among 130 college students. Cluster analysis results facilitated the identification of groups of adaptive perfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and non-perfectionists. The researchers found that identified maladaptive perfectionists used…

  2. Multidimensional Perfectionism and Ego Defenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickinson, Wendy L.; Ashby, Jeffrey S.

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between multidimensional perfectionism and ego defense style among 130 college students. Cluster analysis results facilitated the identification of groups of adaptive perfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and non-perfectionists. The researchers found that identified maladaptive perfectionists used…

  3. Analytics for Cyber Network Defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plantenga, Todd. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Kolda, Tamara Gibson [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2011-06-01

    This report provides a brief survey of analytics tools considered relevant to cyber network defense (CND). Ideas and tools come from elds such as statistics, data mining, and knowledge discovery. Some analytics are considered standard mathematical or statistical techniques, while others re ect current research directions. In all cases the report attempts to explain the relevance to CND with brief examples.

  4. Inflation Adjustments for Defense Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    Airframe Total airframe contractor furnished equipment ( CFE ) Total airframe CFE 9 entries (forward fuselage, center fuselage, wing, empennage...etc.) Avionics Total electronics CFE and government- furnished equipment (GFE) Total avionics 16 entries (radar, integrated processor...Relationship CFE Contractor Furnished Equipment CNI Communication, Navigation, Identification DoD Department of Defense FCCM Facilities Capital Cost

  5. Civil Defense, U. S. A.: A Programmed Orientation to Civil Defense. Unit 5. Governmental Responsibilities for Civil Defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DOD), Battle Creek, MI.

    A description of the laws and orders that provide necessary legal authorization for civil defense activities is provided. In addition, an outline of the responsibilities of all governments and the role of the private sector in civil defense is presented. Topics discussed include: (1) Legal authority for civil defense, (2) Civil defense…

  6. Civil Defense, U. S. A.: A Programmed Orientation to Civil Defense. Unit 1. Civil Defense - Protection Against What?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DOD), Battle Creek, MI.

    An explanation of the need for civil defense in nuclear and natural disasters is presented. A brief historical background of civil defense is given. Major topics include: (1) Types of disasters, (2) Probable objectives of a nuclear attack on the United States, (3) The major defensive measures against a nuclear attack, (4) Some reasons for low…

  7. European Security and Defense Policy: The Dialectics of Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    only certain types of missions. Rather than centering on a robust military capability, Europe’s security concept has recently been more diplomatically... Pompidou : The Politics of Grandeur (Ithica, NY: Cornell University Press, 1974), p. 316. 27 of a powerful national leader. The gains of the EC were...procedures, operations centers and headquarters that were not already available via NATO. As European states were experiencing falling defense budgets, this

  8. Information Management Principles Applied to the Ballistic Missile Defense System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    of a BMDS. From this, the Army produced the Nike- Zeus system comprised of four radars, the Zeus missile, and a computer fire control system (General...made the Nike- Zeus our first National Missile Defense (NMD) system named Sentinel. The architecture was to cover 14 locations, 10 of which were...fostered the database system and representation of data in a hierarchy (Galliers & Leidner, 2003). Soon the limits of hierarchies were identified and

  9. Defense Partnerships: Documenting Trends and Emerging Topics for Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    NGOs, and private-sector project databases , National Defense University researchers have identified 124 examples of effective P4s across a wide...placed on DOD in the new strategic environment. notes 1 A review of multiple databases , case studies, and concept papers has identified over 4,000... Biodiversity ,” press release, May 21, 2010, available at <http://farmingfirst.org/tag/public-private-partnership/>. 9 Wells and Bendett. 10 Martha Amram

  10. Hollow Force, Hollow Metaphor: Assessing The Current Defense Drawdown

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-04

    amassed historic levels of debt , partly due to financing two costly and lengthy wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, President Barrack Obama signed into law... debt to more acceptable levels. How the Department of Defense (DoD), specifically, each Service, would absorb these cuts triggered intense debate...production capacity and flexibility the nation needs during war. The Army’s leaders are keen to point out that this is not just protecting a parochial

  11. Offset Implementations for Turkey’s International Defense Acquisitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xiii LIST OF TABLES Table 1. Some Examples of “Market Imperfections and Failures” in Defense (From Gansler, 1980, p. 30...AMSL Airbus Military Sociedad Limitada ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASTOVL Advanced Short Takeoff And Vertical Landing BDMA British...company was re-structured under its current name, Airbus Military SL ( Sociedad Limitada) prior to the contract signature in May 2003. Its shareholders

  12. Department of Defense PERSEREC (DOD PERSEREC)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The purpose of this agreement is for SSA to verify SSN information for Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC) of the Department of Defense. DMDC will use the SSA data...

  13. 77 FR 2278 - Waiver for Certain Defense Items Produced in the United Kingdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics) is waiving the statutory limitation... certain items to sources in the national technology and industrial base. The waiver will permit... part of the national technology and industrial base. Subsection (i) of 10 U.S.C. 2534 authorizes...

  14. 78 FR 10610 - Waiver for Certain Defense Items Produced in the United Kingdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ... Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics) is waiving the statutory limitation... procurement of certain items to sources in the national technology and industrial base. The waiver will permit... part of the national technology and industrial base. Subsection (i) of 10 U.S.C. 2534 authorizes...

  15. 基于网络计划法的国防科研试验费预算管理创新研究%The Network Programming Method-based Budget Management Innovation on the National Defense Scientific Research and Experiment Funds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鸿; 王韶鹏; 熊嗣强

    2012-01-01

    This paper puts forward innovation thought of national defense scientific research and experiment funds budget management from budgeting and budget execution. Through constructing the Network Programming method-based budgeting model, integrating the budget factors into the mission plans, combining the various steps' cost with task target closely, making use of "plan-tracking-control" whole management method, checking at each level and examining step by step in the budget implementation process, the beneficial cycle that the science and refinement of budgeting drives budget management legalization will be realized.%从预算编制和预算执行2个方面提出了创新国防科研试验费预算管理的思路.构建以网络计划法为基础的预算编制模式,将经费预算因素融入到细化的任务计划之中,将费用与任务目标有机结合起来;运用“计划-跟踪-控制”的全程管理方法,在预算执行过程中层层把关,步步考评,实现以预算编制的科学化、精细化带动预算管理法制化的良性循环.

  16. 22 CFR 120.6 - Defense article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Defense article. 120.6 Section 120.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.6 Defense article. Defense article means any item or technical data designated in § 121.1 of this...

  17. 22 CFR 120.9 - Defense service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Defense service. (a) Defense service means: (1) The furnishing of assistance (including training) to foreign persons, whether in the United States or abroad in the design, development, engineering... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Defense service. 120.9 Section 120.9...

  18. Defense Procurement Strategy for a Globalized Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    QDR,” DefenseNews, 8 November 2004, p. 4. 3 Vago Muradain, “Finalizing Transformation,” DefenseNews, 8 November 2004, p. 34. 4 Hugo Posey and Ben...Interavia, Summer 2004, 34-36. Munton, Bob, and Brinley Salzmann. “U.K.’s Growing Contols.” DefenseNews, 25 October 2004, 96. Muradain, Vago

  19. New Requirements the Accelerating Construction of Modern CAPF Proposes for On-campus National Defense Students/%加快建设现代化武装警察力量给在校国防生提出的新要求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王群

    2013-01-01

    The report of the 18th National Congress has indicated that China shall accelerate the construction of modern CAPF. National defense students are the reserve forces for accelerating the construction and promoting the scientific development of CAPF, so they shall have fully understand the significance of building modernized CAPF.%  党的十八大报告中指出要加快建设现代化武装警察力量,这是对新形势下武警部队发展建设的全新要求。在校国防生是加快建设现代化武装警察力量,推动武警部队建设科学发展的后备力量和生力军,更应该充分认识建设现代化武警的重大意义,以党的十八大精神为指导,增强献身武警部队发展建设的责任感和使命感,坚定扎根警营的理想信念,练就过硬的军事素质,具备雄厚的文化知识,为将来更好地履行责任使命,建设现代化武警,推动武警部队建设科学发展贡献青春和智慧。

  20. Comparative Study on Defensive and Offensive Abili-ty of each Team in the 12 th National Men s Handball Games Finals%第十二届全运会男子手球决赛各队攻防能力比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张广建; 宋永旺

    2014-01-01

    运用综合秩序法对第十二届全运会男子手球决赛前八名球队的攻防水平进行量化分析。分析得出:八支球队的攻防能力有较大的差距,江苏队攻防RSR值为,属于A级水平,山东队、北京队、广东队攻防RSR值相同,为0.75,属于B级水平,解放军队、天津队、香港队、上海队攻防RSR值介于.39~0.20之间,属于D级水平。全运会各参赛队名次与各队攻防RSR值排序的相关系数为r=0.797( P<0.05),两者呈显著相关。%By using the method of RSR,this paper makes quantitative analysis on defensive and offensive ability of each team in the 12 th national men's handball games fi-nals. The results show that the strength of each team has significant difference. The RSR value of technical index of the Jiangsu team is 1,belong to Grade A. RSR value of Shandong,Beijing,Guangdong is 0.75,they are belong to Grade B. RSR value of Liberation Army, Tianjin, Hong Kong,Shanghai is ranging from 0.20 to 0.39,they are be-long to Grade D. The Correlation coefficient between Na-tional games ranks and RSR value is 0.797(P<0.05),it means that they are both significantly associated.

  1. The incidence of defensive firearm use by US crime victims, 1987 through 1990.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDowall, D; Wiersema, B

    1994-12-01

    It is well known that many crimes in the United States are committed with firearms. Less adequately documented is the frequency with which victims use guns in self-defense. We used National Crime Victimization Survey data to examine incidents where victims employed guns against offenders. Between 1987 and 1990 there were an estimated 258,460 incidents of firearm defense, an annual mean of 64,615. Victims used firearms in 0.18% of all crimes recorded by the survey and in 0.83% of violent offenses. Firearm self-defense is rare compared with gun crimes.

  2. The Right to Collective Self-Defense and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe

    OpenAIRE

    瀬端, 孝夫; SEBATA, Takao

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s attempt to exercise the right to collective self-defense. In the past, the Japanese Government had interpreted that Japan would not be able to exercise the right to collective self-defense although she had such a right as a state and a member of the United Nations. It was because exercising such a right would go beyond the level of the necessary and minimum self-defense and therefore, would infringe on Article 9 of Japan’s Constitution. Abe chal...

  3. On the Growth and Welfare Effects of Defense R&D

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, Angus C.; Lai, Ching-Chong

    2009-01-01

    In the US, defense R&D share of GDP has decreased significantly since 1960. To analyze the implications on growth and welfare, we develop an R&D-based growth model that features the crowding-out and spillover effects of defense R&D on civilian R&D. The model also captures the effects of defense technology on (i) national security resembling consumption-type public goods and (ii) aggregate productivity via the spin-off effect resembling productive public goods. In this framework, economic grow...

  4. Defense Science Board Task Force Report on Cyber Defense Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    posturethrough the CCMDs with measurement feedback to the leadership. The DoD CIO should establishmetrics for this assessment. Include Cyber Preparedness in...DoD should evaluate the effectiveness of the resulting defense posturethrough the CCMDs with measurement feedback to the leadership. The DoD CIO...USCYBERCOM Welcome Maj Keffer, USCYBERCOM Chief of Staff Cyber Portfolio Management Decisions Mr. Terry Carter, Deputy Director, Capabilities and Resource

  5. REQUIREMENTS FOR SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE MODELS FOR LARGE-SCALE DEFENSE SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Alpaslan DEMIR

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available TLarge-scale defense system projects are strategic for maintaining and increasing the national defense capability. Therefore, governments spend billions of dollars in the acquisition and development of large-scale defense systems. The scale of defense systems is always increasing and the costs to build them are skyrocketing. Today, defense systems are software intensive and they are either a system of systems or a part of it. Historically, the project performances observed in the development of these systems have been signifi cantly poor when compared to other types of projects. It is obvious that the currently used systems development life cycle models are insuffi cient to address today’s challenges of building these systems. Using a systems development life cycle model that is specifi cally designed for largescale defense system developments and is effective in dealing with today’s and near-future challenges will help to improve project performances. The fi rst step in the development a large-scale defense systems development life cycle model is the identifi cation of requirements for such a model. This paper contributes to the body of literature in the fi eld by providing a set of requirements for system development life cycle models for large-scale defense systems. Furthermore, a research agenda is proposed.

  6. The Effect of Violations of the Constant Demand Assumption on the Defense Logistic Agency Requirements Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-09-01

    Pipeline stock is calculated by forecasting the projected requirements due to transportation time and counting out the amount of stock needed to cover...the "lead time" delay. Time needed for the transportation of an order is referred to as the lead time. "Lead time is the amount of time between the...Defenae Logistica Agency The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) is an agency of the Department of Defense. "The National Security Act (NSA) established

  7. U.S.-Mexico Defense Relations: An Incompatible Interface. (Strategic Forum, Number 243, July 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-01

    prob- lems relating to the common defense of the United States and Mexico, to consider broad plans for the defense of Mexico and adjacent the...elec- tion was historic in that the National Action Party (Partido Accion Nacional, or PAN) trumped the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido...arena, the establishment of USNORTHCOM, another regional combatant command in the Pentagon’s Unified Command Plan (UCP), caused concern in Mexico

  8. The Impact of Civilian Control on Contemporary Defense Planning Systems: Challenges for South East Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    NATO – Decisive Test for the Government of the Republic of Moldova,” Folder: Pros and Cos of NATO, November 13, 2009, http://prisa.md/eng... Barany , Zoltan. Defense Academy Publication Series. Vienna: National Defense Experience. Comparative Politics, Vol. 30, No. 1 (October 1997): 21...and Military Effectiveness: Romania. Mija, Valeriu. “Implementation of IPAP RM-NATO – Decisive Test for the Government of the Republic of Moldova

  9. Image Correlation Microscopy for Uniform Illumination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaborski, Thomas R.; Sealander, Michael N.; Ehrenberg, Morton; Waugh, Richard E.; McGrath, James L.

    2011-01-01

    Image cross-correlation microscopy (ICM) is a technique that quantifies the motion of fluorescent features in an image by measuring the temporal autocorrelation function decay in a time-lapse image sequence. ICM has traditionally employed laser-scanning microscopes because the technique emerged as an extension of laser-based fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). In this work, we show that image correlation can also be used to measure fluorescence dynamics in uniform illumination or wide-field imaging systems and we call our new approach uniform illumination image correlation microscopy (UI-ICM). Wide-field microscopy is not only a simpler, less expensive imaging modality, but it offers the capability of greater temporal resolution over laser-scanning systems. In traditional laser-scanning ICM, lateral mobility is calculated from the temporal de-correlation of an image, where the characteristic length is the illuminating laser beam width. In wide-field microscopy, the diffusion length is defined by the feature size using the spatial autocorrelation function (SACF). Correlation function decay in time occurs as an object diffuses from its original position. We show that theoretical and simulated comparisons between Gaussian and uniform features indicate the temporal autocorrelation function (TACF) depends strongly on particle size and not particle shape. In this report, we establish the relationships between the SACF feature size, TACF characteristic time and the diffusion coefficient for UI-ICM using analytical, Monte-Carlo and experimental validation with particle tracking algorithms. Additionally, we demonstrate UI-ICM analysis of adhesion molecule domain aggregation and diffusion on the surface of human neutrophils. PMID:20055917

  10. Quantum Electrodynamics in a Uniform Magnetic Field

    CERN Document Server

    Suzuki, J

    2005-01-01

    A systematic formalism for quantum electrodynamics in a classical uniform magnetic field is discussed. The first order radiative correction to the ground state energy of an electron is calculated. This then leads to the anomalous magnetic moment of an electron without divergent integrals. Thorough analyses of this problem are given for the weak magnetic field limit. A new expression for the radiative correction to the ground state energy is obtained. This contains only one integral with an additional summation with respect to each Landau level. The importance of this formalism is also addressed in order to deal with quantum electrodynamics in an intense external field.

  11. Weak, strong, and uniform quantum simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dong-Sheng

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we introduce different types of quantum simulations according to different operator topologies on a Hilbert space, namely, uniform, strong, and weak quantum simulations. We show that they have the same computational power that the efficiently solvable problems are in bounded-error quantum polynomial time. For the weak simulation, we formalize a general weak quantum simulation problem and construct an algorithm which is valid for all instances. Also, we analyze the computational power of quantum simulations by proving the query lower bound for simulating a general quantum process.

  12. Radiative processes of uniformly accelerated entangled atoms

    CERN Document Server

    Menezes, G

    2015-01-01

    We study radiative processes of uniformly accelerated entangled atoms, interacting with an electromagnetic field prepared in the Minkowski vacuum state. We discuss the structure of the rate of variation of the atomic energy for two atoms travelling in different hyperbolic world lines. We identify the contributions of vacuum fluctuations and radiation reaction to the generation of entanglement as well as to the decay of entangled states. Our results resemble the situation in which two inertial atoms are coupled individually to two spatially separated cavities at different temperatures. In addition, for equal accelerations we obtain that the maximally entangled antisymmetric Bell state is a decoherence-free state.

  13. Uniform Approximation of Vapnik-Chervonenkis Classes

    CERN Document Server

    Adams, Terrence M

    2010-01-01

    For any family of measurable sets in a probability space, we show that either (i) the family has infinite Vapnik-Chervonenkis (VC) dimension or (ii) for every epsilon > 0 there is a finite partition pi such the pi-boundary of each set has measure at most epsilon. Immediate corollaries include the fact that a family with finite VC dimension has finite bracketing numbers, and satisfies uniform laws of large numbers for every ergodic process. From these corollaries, we derive analogous results for VC major and VC graph families of functions.

  14. Quantum Radiation of Uniformly Accelerated Spherical Mirrors

    CERN Document Server

    Frolov, V

    2001-01-01

    We study quantum radiation generated by a uniformly accelerated motion of small spherical mirrors. To obtain Green's function for a scalar massless field we use Wick's rotation. In the Euclidean domain the problem is reduced to finding an electric potential in 4D flat space in the presence of a metallic toroidal boundary. The latter problem is solved by a separation of variables. After performing an inverse Wick's rotation we obtain the Hadamard function in the wave-zone regime and use it to calculate the vacuum fluctuations and the vacuum expectation for the energy density flux in the wave zone.

  15. Uniforming information management in Finnish Social Welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laaksonen, Maarit; Kärki, Jarmo; Ailio, Erja

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the phases and methods used in the National project for IT in Social Services in Finland (Tikesos). The main goals of Tikesos were to unify the client information systems in social services, to develop electronic documentation and to produce specifications for nationally organized electronic archive. The method of Enterprise Architecture was largely used in the project.

  16. The Effect of an Agile Infrastructure on the Department of Defense in the Twenty-first Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    expand and contract its workforce, through layoffs , and therefore can adjust more rapidly to workload variations. Interservice Repair in Mainjbenanc_e...Representatives, signed by Donna Heivilin, Director Defense Management and NASA Issues. 1993. . National Security and International Affairs Division

  17. Homeland Defense: DOD Needs to Address Gaps in Homeland Defense and Civil Support Guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    tornado, storm, high water , wind-driven water , tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption , landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought), or...Secretary of Defense and the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy on homeland defense and civil support matters, among other things. The...Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Strategic Affairs is the principal advisor to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy and the Secretary

  18. National Software Reference Library (NSRL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Software Reference Library (NSRL) (PC database for purchase)   A collaboration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Defense Computer Forensics Laboratory (DCFL),the U.S. Customs Service, software vendors, and state and local law enforement organizations, the NSRL is a tool to assist in fighting crime involving computers.

  19. Branching structure of uniform recursive trees

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FENG; Qunqiang; SU; Chun; HU; Zhishui

    2005-01-01

    The branching structure of uniform recursive trees is investigated in this paper.Using the method of sums for a sequence of independent random variables, the distribution law of ηn, the number of branches of the uniform recursive tree of size n are given first. It is shown that the strong law of large numbers, the central limit theorem and the law of iterated logarithm for ηn follow easily from this method. Next it is shown that ηn and ξn, the depth of vertex n, have the same distribution, and the distribution law of ζn,m, the number of branches of size m, is also given, whose asymptotic distribution is the Poisson distribution with parameter λ = 1/m. In addition, the joint distribution and the asymptotic joint distribution of the numbers of various branches are given. Finally, it is proved that the size of the biggest branch tends to infinity almost sure as n -→∞.

  20. Uniformity and control in the pyrotechnic environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strubel, S. J. [Harvard Industries Inc., Arnold, MO (United States)

    2000-04-01

    In the production of pyrotechnic materials control is very stringent as dictated by the intrinsic nature of the material. Uniformity is continuous and maintained at a high level. In contrast, once the pyrotechnic material is produced susceptibility towards loss in control begins, given the multiplicity of destination, environmental changes, storage, terrain shooting devices, ignition methods, non-standard state regulations and variations in safety personnel expertise. This author claims that with the advances made in electronic engineering, adoption of electronic control systems could greatly increase uniformity and control. Some of his recommendations include: electronic consoles designed with computers for firing control, choreography and animated lighting displays; microchips embedded in pyrotechnic materials for ease of identification, storage, transportation and display; microchips encased in flash technology to provide ignition, replacing chemical fuses; audible alarms and light signals to alert the operator when the fireworks device is moved to the arming stage, thus preventing inadvertent firing; and electronic sequencers for firing mortars, in one launcher, milliseconds apart, to lessen the impact on launchers. Benefits claimed for these techniques would be increased safety, reduced insurance premiums and claims, and increase in efficiency and most of all, in control.

  1. Uniformly accelerated observer in a thermal bath

    CERN Document Server

    Kolekar, Sanved

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the quantum field aspects in flat spacetime for an uniformly accelerated observer moving in a thermal bath. In particular, we obtain an exact closed expression of the reduced density matrix for an uniformly accelerated observer with acceleration $a = 2\\pi T$ when the state of the quantum field is a thermal bath at temperature $T^\\prime$. We find that the density matrix has a simple form with an effective partition function $Z$ being a product, $Z = Z_T Z_{T^\\prime}$, of two thermal partition functions corresponding to temperatures $T$ and $T^\\prime$ and hence is not thermal, even when $T = T^\\prime$. We show that, even though the partition function has a product structure, the two thermal baths are, in fact, interacting systems; although in the high frequency limit $\\omega_k \\gg T$ and $\\omega_k \\gg T^\\prime$, the interactions are found to become sub-dominant. We further demonstrate that the resulting spectrum of the Rindler particles can be interpreted in terms of spontaneous and stimulated em...

  2. Uniformity of accommodation across the visual field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Tao; Sreenivasan, Vidhyapriya; Thibos, Larry N

    2016-01-01

    We asked the question: Does accommodation change the eye's focusing power equally over the central visual field in emmetropic and myopic adult eyes? To answer this question we modified our laboratory scanning wavefront aberrometer to rapidly measure ocular refractive state over the central 30° diameter of visual field as a function of foveal accommodative demand. On average, ocular refractive state changed uniformly over the central visual field as the eye accommodated up to 6 D. Visual field maps of accommodative error (relative to a spherical target surface of constant vergence) reveal subtle patterns of deviation on the order of ± 0.5 D that are unique to the individual and relatively invariant to changes in accommodative state. Population mean maps for accommodative error are remarkably uniform across the central visual field, indicating the retina of the hypothetical "average eye" is conjugate to a sphere of constant target vergence for all states of accommodation, even though individual eyes might deviate from the mean due to random variations. No systematic difference between emmetropic and myopic eyes was evident. Since accuracy of accommodation across the central visual field is similar to that measured in the fovea, loss of image quality due to accommodative errors, which potentially drives myopia and may affect many aspects of visual function, will be similar across the central retina.

  3. Uniformity of measures with Fourier frames

    CERN Document Server

    Dutkay, Dorin Ervin

    2012-01-01

    We examine Fourier frames and, more generally, frame measures for different probability measures. We prove that if a measure has an associated frame measure, then it must have a certain uniformity in the sense that the weight is distributed quite uniformly on its support. To be more precise, by considering certain absolute continuity properties of the measure and its translation, we recover the characterization on absolutely continuous measures $g\\, dx$ with Fourier frames obtained in \\cite{Lai11}. Moreover, we prove that the frame bounds are pushed away by the essential infimum and supremum of the function $g$. This also shows that absolutely continuous spectral measures supported on a set $\\Omega$, if they exist, must be the standard Lebesgue measure on $\\Omega$ up to a multiplicative constant. We then investigate affine iterated function systems (IFSs), we show that if an IFS with no overlap admits a frame measure then the probability weights are all equal. Moreover, we also show that the {\\L}aba-Wang conj...

  4. Lang's conjectures, conjecture H, and uniformity

    CERN Document Server

    Abramovich, D

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this note is to wish a happy birthday to Professor Lucia Caporaso.* We prove that Conjecture H of Caporaso et. al. ([CHarM], sec. 6) together with Lang's conjecture implies the uniformity of rational points on varieties of general type, as predicted in [CHarM]; a few applications in arithmetic and geometry are stated. Let X be a variety of general type defined over a number field K. It was conjectured by S. Lang that the set of rational points X(K) is not Zariski dense in X. In the paper [CHarM] of L. Caporaso, J. Harris and B. Mazur it is shown that the above conjecture of Lang implies the existence of a uniform bound on the number of K-rational points of all curves of fixed genus g over K. The paper [CHarM] has immediately created a chasm among arithmetic geometers. This chasm, which often runs right in the middle of the personalities involved, divides between loyal believers of Lang's conjecture, who marvel in this powerful implication, and the disbelievers, who try (so far in vain) to use t...

  5. Gravitational memory for uniformly accelerated observers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolekar, Sanved; Louko, Jorma

    2017-07-01

    Recently, Hawking, Perry and Strominger described a physical process that implants supertranslational hair on a Schwarzschild black hole by an infalling matter shock wave without spherical symmetry. Using the Bondi-Metzner-Sachs-type symmetries of the Rindler horizon, we present an analogous process that implants supertranslational hair on a Rindler horizon by a matter shock wave without planar symmetry, and we investigate the corresponding memory effect on the Rindler family of uniformly linearly accelerated observers. We assume each observer to remain linearly uniformly accelerated through the wave, in the sense of the curved spacetime generalization of the Letaw-Frenet equations. Starting with a family of observers who follow the orbits of a single boost Killing vector before the wave, we find that after the wave has passed, each observer still follows the orbit of a boost Killing vector but this boost differs from trajectory to trajectory, and the trajectory dependence carries a memory of the planar inhomogeneity of the wave. We anticipate this classical memory phenomenon to have a counterpart in Rindler space quantum field theory.

  6. A quality index for equivalent uniform dose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henríquez, Francisco Cutanda; Castrillón, Silvia Vargas

    2011-01-01

    Equivalent uniform dose (EUD) is the absorbed dose that, when homogeneously given to a tumor, yields the same mean surviving clonogen number as the given non-homogeneous irradiation. EUD is used as an evaluation tool under the assumption that two plans with the same value of EUD are equivalent, and their biological effect on the tumor (clonogen survival) would be the same as the one of a homogeneous irradiation of absorbed dose EUD. In this work, this assumption has been studied, and a figure of merit of its applicability has been obtained. Distributions of surviving clonogen number for homogeneous and non-homogeneous irradiations are found to be different even if their mean values are the same, the figure of merit being greater when there is a wider difference, and the equivalence assumption being less valid. Therefore, EUD can be closer to a uniform dose for some cases than for other ones (high α values, extreme heterogeneity), and the accuracy of the radiobiological indices obtained for evaluation, could be affected. Results show that the equivalence is very sensitive to the choice of radiobiological parameters, and this conclusion has been derived from mathematical properties of EUD. PMID:21897557

  7. Austere Defense: Challenges and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    military advice while acquiescing to divestitures, and effectively executing the austere defense cuts required by current law through 2019 and...Could it be that our assessments of risk have, over time, become too conservative? In- deed, even with the effects of full sequestration the United... crunch . Look- ing at overhead, as Douglas Macgregor of Politico magazine reminds us, during World War II, only four four-star generals commanded a

  8. Application of Defense Technology Commonly Used in Boxing Match

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhixiao Li[1; Jianjun Liu[2

    2015-01-01

    Boxing defense technology is a kind of techniques to prevent the opponent from attacking successfully. Boxing is a kind of sports that needs close cooperation between attack and defense. Attack is used for defense, where there is no attack, there will be no defense, and vice versa. Defense technology is the foundation of attack technology, therefore, defense is of vital importance in boxing match.

  9. Analyzing Department of Defense's use of other transactions as a method for accessing non-traditional technology

    OpenAIRE

    Gilliland, John E.

    2001-01-01

    As U.S. Defense budgets and military research and development spending experienced significant decline between 1988 and 1998, the Defense Technology and Industrial Base essentially merged with the national industrial base. DOD reform occurred more slowly than changes in the private sector fueled by advances in technology. U.S. national security relies upon the ability of the military to maintain technological superiority. To attract advanced technology companies that normally do not participa...

  10. CSRF Vulnerabilities and Defensive Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rupali D. Kombade

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Web applications are now part of day to day life due to their user friendly environment as well as advancement of technology to provide internet facilities, but these web applications brought lot of threats with them and these threats are continuously growing, one of the these threat is Cross Site Request Forgery(CSRF. CSRF attack is immerged as serious threat to web applications which based on the vulnerabilities present in the normal request response pattern of HTTP protocol. It is difficult to detect and hence it is present in most of the existing web applications. CSRF attack occurs when a malicious web site causes a user’s web browser to perform an unwanted action on a trusted site. It is listed in OWASP’s top ten Web Application attacks list. In this survey paper we will study CSRF attack, CSRF vulnerabilities and its defensive measures. We have compared various defense mechanisms to analyse the best defense mechanism. This study will help us to build strong and robust CSRF protection mechanism.

  11. Nicotine's defensive function in nature.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anke Steppuhn

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Plants produce metabolites that directly decrease herbivore performance, and as a consequence, herbivores are selected for resistance to these metabolites. To determine whether these metabolites actually function as defenses requires measuring the performance of plants that are altered only in the production of a certain metabolite. To date, the defensive value of most plant resistance traits has not been demonstrated in nature. We transformed native tobacco(Nicotiana attenuata with a consensus fragment of its two putrescine N-methyl transferase (pmt genes in either antisense or inverted-repeat (IRpmt orientations. Only the latter reduced (by greater than 95% constitutive and inducible nicotine. With D(4-nicotinic acid (NA, we demonstrate that silencing pmt inhibits nicotine production, while the excess NA dimerizes to form anatabine. Larvae of the nicotine-adapted herbivore Manduca sexta (tobacco hornworm grew faster and, like the beetle Diabrotica undecimpunctata, preferred IRpmt plants in choice tests. When planted in their native habitat, IRpmt plants were attacked more frequently and, compared to wild-type plants, lost 3-fold more leaf area from a variety of native herbivores, of which the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua, and Trimerotropis spp. grasshoppers caused the most damage. These results provide strong evidence that nicotine functions as an efficient defense in nature and highlights the value of transgenic techniques for ecological research.

  12. Priming of antiherbivore defensive responses in plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jinwon Kim; Gary W.Felton

    2013-01-01

    Defense priming is defined as increased readiness of defense induction.A growing body of literature indicates that plants (or intact parts of a plant) are primed in anticipation of impending environmental stresses,both biotic and abiotic,and upon the following stimulus,induce defenses more quickly and strongly.For instance,some plants previously exposed to herbivore-inducible plant volatiles (HIPVs) from neighboring plants under herbivore attack show faster or stronger defense activation and enhanced insect resistance when challenged with secondary insect feeding.Research on priming of antiherbivore defense has been limited to the HIPV-mediated mechanism until recently,but significant advances were made in the past three years,including non-HIPV-mediated defense priming,epigenetic modifications as the molecular mechanism of priming,and others.It is timely to consider the advances in research on defense priming in the plantinsect interactions.

  13. Defense of breast cancer malpractice claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zylstra, S; D'Orsi, C J; Ricci, B A; Halloran, E E; Resseguie, L J; Greenwald, L; Mondor, M C

    2001-01-01

    The goal of this study was to determine whether factors associated with the successful defense and cost of malpractice cases involving the failure to diagnose breast cancer could be identified in medical and legal records. Secondary goals were to develop a multidisciplinary clinical algorithm utilizing National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) practice guidelines with practitioner risk management strategies. Physician deviations from these guidelines were tracked to identify high-risk areas in the diagnosis of breast cancer. A multidisciplinary clinical algorithm was introduced and practitioner risk management issues were addressed. In this study specific medical, legal, and cost factors were retrospectively abstracted and analyzed to identify associations between medical and legal factors and medicolegal outcome. ProMutual handled 156 malpractice cases involving breast cancer between January 22, 1986, and November 20, 1997. Of the total, 124 cases involving 212 defendants were closed. The closed cases were analyzed, using multivariable stepwise logistic and linear regression, to identify associations between clinical factors and case outcome. Women's health practitioners (WHPs), including obstetrician-gynecologists (OB-GYNs), family medicine, and internal medicine clinicians, were the largest group of defendants (97). Others included radiologists (43), surgeons (33), and pathologists (3). OB-GYNs accounted for 31% of these defendants, with a cost of more than $16 million. The greatest number of specialists represented in the open cases were radiologists, with 38% of the total. The defense model predicts that the probability of successful defense is lessened with inadequate record keeping, a patient that has metastasis and is alive, and a delay in diagnosis of 12 months or more. The overall indemnity model predicts a higher indemnity with the spread of disease at the time of evaluation, a patient who has metastasis and is alive, and a date of occurrence closer

  14. Complex locally uniform rotundity of Musielak-Orlicz spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The concepts of complex locally uniform rotundity and complex locally uniformly rotund point are introduced. The sufficient and necessary conditions of them are given in complex Musielak-Orlicz spaces.

  15. Uniformly Exponential Growth and Mapping Class Groups of Surfaces

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, J. W.; Aramayona, J.; Shackleton, K.J.

    2005-01-01

    We show that the mapping class group (as well as closely related groups) of an orientable surface with finitely generated fundamental group has uniformly exponential growth. We further demonstrate the uniformly non-amenability of many of these groups.

  16. Application of passive defense in urban housing planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Kamran

    2013-01-01

    reduced its vulnerability. Determining the geometric design, pop location, availability and predicting secure spaces as multiple performance spaces for each building in peacetime and war are the responsibility of architects. Architects should design the space to suit the needs of the user so that in addition to the defensive performance in the time of war, it has appropriate use in time of peace (21st issue of the National Building Regulations, 2009, 3-4. The structural aspect of buildings deals with how to design the building to resist the explosive loads. This work is the responsibility of Structural Engineers. In order to have the right structural system and choosing the appropriate section of the building for secure space, architectural plans must be coordinated with the structural issue. In the facility sector, it is to prevent the damage caused by the blast effects, such as gas leaks, flooding, electrical hazards, fire and installing alarm system. Limited utilization capacity or variability of building facility systems consistent with the desired performance is considered by facilities engineers.4- Conclusion Urban housing planning must be designed and implemented under this title. In addition to attending the social, economic and security issues, it should seek to achieve the goal of increasing the nation's capacity to deal with threats and potential harms and to promote empowerment and national tolerance for dealing with emergency situations. From the discussed issue, we can conclude that it is possible to decrease the severity and extent of damage caused by enemy attacks during crises cassette through applying appropriate architecture measures with a defensive approach, considering the 16 principles of passive defense consistent with the physical and special properties of cities and especially in urban residential areas, while creating beautiful spaces without compromising space and their functionality and without spending too much cost. This work involves the

  17. Uniform bases at non-isolated points and maps

    CERN Document Server

    Lin, Fucai

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the authors mainly discuss the images of spaces with an uniform base at non-isolated points, and obtain the following main results: (1)\\ Perfect maps preserve spaces with an uniform base at non-isolated points; (2)\\ Open and closed maps preserve regular spaces with an uniform base at non-isolated points; (3)\\ Spaces with an uniform base at non-isolated points don't satisfy the decomposition theorem.

  18. Liouville theory and uniformization of four-punctured sphere

    CERN Document Server

    Hadasz, L; Hadasz, Leszek; Jaskolski, Zbigniew

    2006-01-01

    Few years ago Zamolodchikov and Zamolodchikov proposed an expression for the 4-point classical Liouville action in terms of the 3-point actions and the classical conformal block. In this paper we develop a method of calculating the uniformizing map and the uniformizing group from the classical Liouville action on n-punctured sphere and discuss the consequences of Zamolodchikovs conjecture for an explicit construction of the uniformizing map and the uniformizing group for the sphere with four punctures.

  19. Uniform Approximation and Bracketing Properties of VC classes

    CERN Document Server

    Adams, Terrence M

    2010-01-01

    We show that the sets in a family with finite VC dimension can be uniformly approximated within a given error by a finite partition. Immediate corollaries include the fact that VC classes have finite bracketing numbers, satisfy uniform laws of averages under strong dependence, and exhibit uniform mixing. Our results are based on recent work concerning uniform laws of averages for VC classes under ergodic sampling.

  20. Uniform stability of displacement coupled second-order equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelaziz Soufyane

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available We prove that the uniform stability of semigroups associated to displacement coupled dissipator systems is equivalent to the uniform stability of velocity coupled dissipator systems. Using this equivalence, we give sufficient conditions for obtaining uniform stability and exact controllability of displacement coupled dissipator systems.

  1. Uniform Consistency for Nonparametric Estimators in Null Recurrent Time Series

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gao, Jiti; Kanaya, Shin; Li, Degui

    2015-01-01

    This paper establishes uniform consistency results for nonparametric kernel density and regression estimators when time series regressors concerned are nonstationary null recurrent Markov chains. Under suitable regularity conditions, we derive uniform convergence rates of the estimators. Our...... results can be viewed as a nonstationary extension of some well-known uniform consistency results for stationary time series....

  2. Beyond Fashion Patrol: School Uniforms in the Middle Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kommer, David

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the benefits of school uniforms in fulfilling the educational objectives of middle school reform. Considers the role of uniforms in establishing student affiliation with the school and in adolescent development. Describes the development of a uniform program and notes issues of cost and legality. (JPB)

  3. Reflector Design Method for Rotational Uniform Illuminance System with LED

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qi-hui; WANG Hong; JI Ling-ling

    2009-01-01

    Based on nonimaging design method,uniform illuminance systems with LED source were developed to create a uniform illuminated circular region with a desired size in a screen at a prescribed place.By using ray-tracing software based on Monte-Carlo method,the simulation results show that in the illuminated region the luminous uniformity is higher than 90%.

  4. Locally uniformly convex norms in Banach spaces and their duals

    OpenAIRE

    Haydon, Richard

    2006-01-01

    It is shown that a Banach space with locally uniformly convex dual admits an equivalent norm which is itself locally uniformly convex. It follows that on any such space all continuous real-valued functions may be uniformly approximated by C^1 functions.

  5. 24 CFR 5.801 - Uniform financial reporting standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Uniform financial reporting... and Urban Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Uniform Financial Reporting Standards § 5.801 Uniform financial reporting standards. (a) Applicability. This subpart H implements...

  6. Determining irrigation distribution uniformity and efficiency for nurseries

    Science.gov (United States)

    R. Thomas Fernandez

    2010-01-01

    A simple method for testing the distribution uniformity of overhead irrigation systems is described. The procedure is described step-by-step along with an example. Other uses of distribution uniformity testing are presented, as well as common situations that affect distribution uniformity and how to alleviate them.

  7. Analysis of Knowledge Awareness and Behavioral of Oral Health in Examinees of National Defense Students in One Area%某地国防生考生口腔健康行为及口腔健康知识知晓情况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓爱停; 杨立宇; 解俊霞; 李少兰; 刘知源

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解某地区国防生生源的口腔健康行为及口腔健康知识知晓情况,分析该群体口腔健康行为特点。方法参照《第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查方案》自行设计调查问卷,对2013年该地区2012名报考军队(武警部队)国防生体检考生的口腔健康行为及口腔健康知识知晓情况进行问卷调查。结果口腔健康知识知晓情况:58.2%认为刷牙是为了预防龋齿,其中城区考生高于农村考生、女生高于男生、非住校考生高于住校考生;98.6%的考生认为牙病是可以预防的;94.2%的考生不知道爱牙日。口腔健康行为情况:每天刷牙2次以上者占72.7%,城区考生高于农村、女生高于男生、非住校考生高于住校考生;选择横刷者占33.4%,农村考生高于城区考生、男生高于女生、住校考生高于非住校考生;67.4%的考生有餐后漱口习惯,55.0%的考生使用含氟牙膏,86.1%的考生做过口腔检查。结论该地区国防生生源口腔健康行为及口腔健康知识知晓情况呈现不平衡状况,应加强对考生口腔健康知识的宣教。%Objective To study the behavior and knowledge awareness of oral health in examinees of national de-fense students in one area, and to analyze behavioral features of the students. Methods The behavior and knowledge awareness of oral health in 2012 examinees of national defense students for armed forces or police in one area in 2013 were investigated with self-designed questionnaire in accordance with the third epidemiological survey programmer of national oral cavity health. Results Knowledge awareness of oral health showed that 58. 2% of examinees thought that brushing teeth was for preventing dental caries. There were more urban students than rural students, and there were more girls than boys and more day students than resident students;98. 6% of students thought that dental disorder could be prevented;94. 2%of students did not know

  8. Defensive weapons and defense signals in plants: some metabolites serve both roles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maag, Daniel; Erb, Matthias; Köllner, Tobias G; Gershenzon, Jonathan

    2015-02-01

    The defense of plants against herbivores and pathogens involves the participation of an enormous range of different metabolites, some of which act directly as defensive weapons against enemies (toxins or deterrents) and some of which act as components of the complex internal signaling network that insures that defense is timed to enemy attack. Recent work reveals a surprising trend: The same compounds may act as both weapons and signals of defense. For example, two groups of well-studied defensive weapons, glucosinolates and benzoxazinoids, trigger the accumulation of the protective polysaccharide callose as a barrier against aphids and pathogens. In the other direction, several hormones acting in defense signaling (and their precursors and products) exhibit activity as weapons against pathogens. Knowing which compounds are defensive weapons, which are defensive signals and which are both is vital for understanding the functioning of plant defense systems. © 2015 WILEY Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Uniform trigonometric polynomial B-spline curves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕勇刚; 汪国昭; 杨勋年

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents a new kind of uniform spline curve, named trigonometric polynomialB-splines, over space Ω = span{sint, cost, tk-3,tk-4,…,t,1} of which k is an arbitrary integerlarger than or equal to 3. We show that trigonometric polynomial B-spline curves have many similarV properties to traditional B-splines. Based on the explicit representation of the curve we have also presented the subdivision formulae for this new kind of curve. Since the new spline can include both polynomial curves and trigonometric curves as special cases without rational form, it can be used as an efficient new model for geometric design in the fields of CAD/CAM.

  10. Uniform diet in a diverse society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørkov, Marie Louise Schjellerup; Jørgensen, Lars; Lynnerup, Niels

    2010-01-01

    of mammals and fish were analyzed from same geographical area. The investigation characterizes the human diet among different social groupings and analyses dietary differences present between sex, age, and site phase groups. Diachronically, the study investigates the Roman influences that had an effect...... on social structure and subsistence economy in both the Early and Late Period. Geographically the locations are both inland and coastal. The isotopic data indicate extremely uniform diet both between and within population groups from Early and Late Roman periods and the data are consistent throughout...... the Roman Iron Age. Protein consumption was dominated by terrestrial animals with no differences among social status, age, sex, or time period, while terrestrial plant protein only seems to have contributed little in the diet. Furthermore, the consumption of marine or aquatic resources does not seem to have...

  11. Frames of most uniform Hubble flow

    CERN Document Server

    Kraljic, David

    2016-01-01

    It has been observed that the locally measured Hubble parameter converges quickest to the background value and the dipole structure of the velocity field is smallest in the reference frame of the Local Group of galaxies. We study the statistical properties of Lorentz boosts with respect to the Cosmic Microwave Background frame which make the Hubble flow look most uniform around a particular observer. We use a very large N-Body simulation to extract the dependence of the boost velocities on the local environment such as underdensities, overdensities, and bulk flows. We find that the observation is not unexpected if we are located in an underdensity, which is indeed the case for our position in the universe. The amplitude of the measured boost velocity for our location is consistent with the expectation in the standard cosmology.

  12. Outer commutator words are uniformly concise

    CERN Document Server

    Fernández-Alcober, Gustavo A

    2009-01-01

    We prove that outer commutator words are uniformly concise, i.e. if an outer commutator word w takes m different values in a group G, then the order of the verbal subgroup w(G) is bounded by a function depending only on m and not on w or G. This is obtained as a consequence of a structure theorem for the subgroup w(G), which is valid if G is soluble, and without assuming that w takes finitely many values in G. More precisely, there is an abelian series of w(G), such that every section of the series can be generated by values of w all of whose powers are also values of w in that section. For the proof of this latter result, we introduce a new representation of outer commutator words by means of binary trees, and we use the structure of the trees to set up an appropriate induction.

  13. Designing divertor targets for uniform power load

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dekeyser, W.; Reiter, D.; Baelmans, M.

    2015-08-01

    Divertor design for next step fusion reactors heavily relies on 2D edge plasma modeling with codes as e.g. B2-EIRENE. While these codes are typically used in a design-by-analysis approach, in previous work we have shown that divertor design can alternatively be posed as a mathematical optimization problem, and solved very efficiently using adjoint methods adapted from computational aerodynamics. This approach has been applied successfully to divertor target shape design for more uniform power load. In this paper, the concept is further extended to include all contributions to the target power load, with particular focus on radiation. In a simplified test problem, we show the potential benefits of fully including the radiation load in the design cycle as compared to only assessing this load in a post-processing step.

  14. Uniform LED illuminator for miniature displays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medvedev, Vladimir; Pelka, David G.; Parkyn, William A.

    1998-10-01

    The Total Internally Reflecting (TIR) lens is a faceted structure composed of prismatic elements that collect a source's light over a much larger angular range than a conventional Fresnel lens. It has been successfully applied to the efficient collimation of light from incandescent and fluorescent lamps, and from light-emitting diodes (LEDs). A novel LED-powered collimating backlight is presented here, for uniformly illuminating 0.25'-diagonal miniature liquid- crystal displays, which are a burgeoning market for pagers, cellular phones, digital cameras, camcorders, and virtual- reality displays. The backlight lens consists of a central dual-asphere refracting section and an outer TIR section, properly curved with a curved exit face.

  15. Non-Uniformity and Generalised Sacks Splitting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    COOPER S.Barry; LI Ang Sheng

    2002-01-01

    We show that there do not exist computable functions f1(e, i), f2 (e, i), g1(e, i), g2(e, i) such that for all e, i ∈ω,(1) (Wf1(e,i) - Wf2(e,i)) ≤T (We - Wi);(2) (Wg1(e,i) - Wg2(e,i))≤T (We - Wi);(3) (We - Wi) ≤T (Wf1(e,i) - Wf2(e,i)) (Wg1(e,i) - Wg2(e,i));(4) (We - Wi) T (Wf1(e,i) - Wf2(e,i)) unless (We - Wi) ≤T ; and (5) (We - Wi) T (Wg1(e,i) - Wg2(e,i)) unless (We - Wi) ≤T .It follows that the splitting theorems of Sacks and Cooper cannot be combined uniformly.

  16. Local self-uniformity in photonic networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellers, Steven R.; Man, Weining; Sahba, Shervin; Florescu, Marian

    2017-01-01

    The interaction of a material with light is intimately related to its wavelength-scale structure. Simple connections between structure and optical response empower us with essential intuition to engineer complex optical functionalities. Here we develop local self-uniformity (LSU) as a measure of a random network's internal structural similarity, ranking networks on a continuous scale from crystalline, through glassy intermediate states, to chaotic configurations. We demonstrate that complete photonic bandgap structures possess substantial LSU and validate LSU's importance in gap formation through design of amorphous gyroid structures. Amorphous gyroid samples are fabricated via three-dimensional ceramic printing and the bandgaps experimentally verified. We explore also the wing-scale structuring in the butterfly Pseudolycaena marsyas and show that it possesses substantial amorphous gyroid character, demonstrating the subtle order achieved by evolutionary optimization and the possibility of an amorphous gyroid's self-assembly. PMID:28211466

  17. Uniform Effects?: Schools Cite Benefits of Student Uniforms, but Researchers See Little Evidence of Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viadero, Debra

    2005-01-01

    This article reports on the effectiveness of school uniform policies. At Stephen Decatur Middle School, it is the school's policy that all students wear the standard school attire consisting of khaki pants with polo shirts in white, burgundy, or navy blue. Some of the shirts also sport an embroidered Decatur eagle, an optional embellishment.…

  18. Politicas de uniformes y codigos de vestuario (Uniforms and Dress-Code Policies). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumsden, Linda

    This digest in Spanish examines schools' dress-code policies and discusses the legal considerations and research findings about the effects of such changes. Most revisions to dress codes involve the use of uniforms, typically as a way to curb school violence and create a positive learning environment. A recent survey of secondary school principals…

  19. Quantitative multi-pinhole small-animal SPECT : uniform versus non-uniform Chang attenuation correction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu, C.; de Jong, J. R.; van Andel, H. A. Gratama; van der Have, F.; Vastenhouw, B.; Laverman, P.; Boerman, O. C.; Dierckx, R. A. J. O.; Beekman, F. J.

    2011-01-01

    Attenuation of photon flux on trajectories between the source and pinhole apertures affects the quantitative accuracy of reconstructed single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images. We propose a Chang-based non-uniform attenuation correction (NUA-CT) for small-animal SPECT/CT with focusi

  20. Quantitative multi-pinhole small-animal SPECT: uniform versus non-uniform Chang attenuation correction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu, C.; Jong, J.R. de; Gratama van Andel, H.A.; Have, F. van der; Vastenhouw, B.; Laverman, P.; Boerman, O.C.; Dierckx, R.A.; Beekman, F.J.

    2011-01-01

    Attenuation of photon flux on trajectories between the source and pinhole apertures affects the quantitative accuracy of reconstructed single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images. We propose a Chang-based non-uniform attenuation correction (NUA-CT) for small-animal SPECT/CT with focusi