WorldWideScience

Sample records for defense robert gates

  1. USA kaitseminister Robert Gates süüdistas liitlasvägesid oskamatuses / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    USA kaitseminister Robert Gates väitis ajalehes The Los Angeles Times avaldatud intervjuus, et Lõuna-Afganistani olukord on halvenenud seal võitlevate USA liitlasvägede puuduliku väljaõppe tõttu. Liitlasriikide reageeringuid. Arvamust avaldavad Jaak Aaviksoo, Kaarel Kaas

  2. USA kaitseminister Robert Gates süüdistas liitlasvägesid oskamatuses / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    USA kaitseminister Robert Gates väitis ajalehes The Los Angeles Times avaldatud intervjuus, et Lõuna-Afganistani olukord on halvenenud seal võitlevate USA liitlasvägede puuduliku väljaõppe tõttu. Liitlasriikide reageeringuid. Arvamust avaldavad Jaak Aaviksoo, Kaarel Kaas

  3. Dissenting view. A Brief, Liberal, Catholic Defense of Abortion [by] Daniel A. Dombrowski and Robert Deltete. Book review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padovano, A T

    2000-01-01

    This paper reviews the book "A Brief, Liberal, Catholic Defense of Abortion", by Daniel A. Dombrowski and Robert Deltete. In this book, the authors argue that the Catholic tradition on abortion is very different from the present teaching of the Catholic Church. The issue of abortion is explored in the book through two different philosophies and two major Catholic theologians. The two philosophies are the perversity of sex (abortion distorts sex) and the ontological (the fetus as a person) philosophies. Saint Augustine primarily identified with the perversity of sex and viewed early and late stages of abortion as evil, because it destroys the conceptus, which is the only justification for sex and because human life is present--after sensation and quickening occur. On the other hand, Saint Thomas Aquinas with the ontological approach was less interested in abortion, rather developed hylomorphism. He stated that there is no human life in the womb until the 5th or 6th month, but rather a cluster of cells; thus God cannot infuse a soul into a small cluster of cells since body and soul belong together. The authors believe that this book is a model of reasoned discourse about abortion issues and is proves to be beneficial to a Catholic as well as any thoughtful person.

  4. Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-15

    Gates Views Growth Under Way in Guam,” American Forces Press Service, May 30, 2008. 2 Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, speech at Shangri-La Hotel ...crises; and sea lines of communication (SLOCs), particularly through the Straits of Malacca . Combat aircraft on Guam can reach Taiwan, Japan, Philippines...Remarks by retired Lieutenant General, USMC, George Trautman III, at Heritage Foundation, May 3, 2012. Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments Congressional

  5. Defense Headquarters: DOD Needs to Reassess Personnel Requirements for the Office of Secretary of Defense, Joint Staff, and Military Service Secretariats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    requirements as part of the effort to identify efficiencies as directed by former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates in 2010, as part of the OSD...Director), Tracy Barnes, Gabrielle A. Carrington, Neil Feldman , David Keefer, Carol D. Petersen, Bethann E. Ritter Snyder, Michael Silver, Amie Steele

  6. Robert Recorde

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Jack

    2011-01-01

    The 16th-Century intellectual Robert Recorde is chiefly remembered for introducing the equals sign into algebra, yet the greater significance and broader scope of his work is often overlooked. This book presents an authoritative and in-depth analysis of the man, his achievements and his historical importance. This scholarly yet accessible work examines the latest evidence on all aspects of Recorde's life, throwing new light on a character deserving of greater recognition. Topics and features: presents a concise chronology of Recorde's life; examines his published works; describes Recorde's pro

  7. Robert Schumann.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederman, R J

    1999-01-01

    Robert Schumann, one of the giants of early romantic music, was born in Saxony in 1810 and died in an asylum shortly after his 46th birthday. Early in life, he demonstrated extraordinary skills in both music and journalism; he remained active in both areas until his final illness. His marriage to the remarkable pianist, Clara Wieck, provided him with both much-needed emotional support and a highly effective champion of his music throughout her lengthy career. Schumann's plans to be a concert pianist were thwarted at least partially by an injury to his right hand, the nature of which has been the subject of much speculation. After considering what few facts are available, the author concludes that this may have represented focal dystonia. His compositional output waxed and waned dramatically over his professional life, reflecting to some degree his emotional state. It is considered most likely that he suffered from a major affective disorder, bipolar type. This ultimately led to a suicide attempt in February 1854, and to his eventual death in July 1856. Despite wide-spread and reasonable suspicion that he may have died from neurosyphilis, severe malnutrition from self-starvation seems more likely.

  8. Enemy at the gates: Rapid defensive trait diversification in an adaptive radiation of lizards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broeckhoven, Chris; Diedericks, Genevieve; Hui, Cang; Makhubo, Buyisile G; Mouton, P le Fras N

    2016-11-01

    Adaptive radiation (AR), the product of rapid diversification of an ancestral species into novel adaptive zones, has become pivotal in our understanding of biodiversity. Although it has widely been accepted that predators may drive the process of AR by creating ecological opportunity (e.g., enemy-free space), the role of predators as selective agents in defensive trait diversification remains controversial. Using phylogenetic comparative methods, we provide evidence for an "early burst" in the diversification of antipredator phenotypes in Cordylinae, a relatively small AR of morphologically diverse southern African lizards. The evolution of body armor appears to have been initially rapid, but slowed down over time, consistent with the ecological niche-filling model. We suggest that the observed "early burst" pattern could be attributed to shifts in vulnerability to different types of predators (i.e., aerial versus terrestrial) associated with thermal habitat partitioning. These results provide empirical evidence supporting the hypothesis that predators or the interaction therewith might be key components of ecological opportunity, although the way in which predators influence morphological diversification requires further study. © 2016 The Author(s). Evolution © 2016 The Society for the Study of Evolution.

  9. Robert Gilmore, a portrait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solari, Hernán G.

    2013-01-01

    To present the personality of Bob Gilmore is a formidable task, as his scientific contributions include group theory, laser physics, non-linear dynamics, catastrophe theory, thermodynamics, dynamical systems, quantum theory and more. But even if we succeed in describing his contributions, much of Gilmore's being would be lost. Bob as advisor, Bob as father, Bob as teacher, Bob as scientific communicator reveal as much of Bob Gilmore as his scientific papers and his books. Very much as in the Group Theory so close to him, there is a Robert Gilmore in abstract as well as representations of Robert Gilmore. We will make an attempt to find the "principle of the rule", the abstract level of Robert Gilmore as well as Robert Gilmore, himself, as a representation of the duality science-humanism.REFID="9789814434867_0016FN001">

  10. Robert Grosseteste's colours

    CERN Document Server

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2013-01-01

    Here I am proposing a translation and discussion of the De Colore, one of the short scientific treatises written by Robert Grosseteste. In this very short treatise of the mid-1220s, Grosseteste continued the discussion on light and colours he started in the De Iride. He describes two manners of counting colours: one gives an infinity of tones, the other counts seven colours. In both cases, colours are created by the purity or impurity of the transparent medium when light is passing through it. This medieval framework survived until Newton's experiments with prisms.

  11. Remembering Robert Seydel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren van Haaften­-Schick

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This January, while preparing a new course, Robert Seydel was struck and killed by an unexpected heart attack. He was a critically under-appreciated artist and one of the most beloved and admired professors at Hampshire College.At the time of his passing, Seydel was on the brink of a major artistic and career milestone. His Book of Ruth was being prepared for publication by Siglio Press. His publisher describes the book as: “an alchemical assemblage that composes the life of his alter ego, Ruth Greisman— spinster, Sunday painter, and friend to Joseph Cornell and Marcel Duchamp. Through collages, drawings, and journal entries from Ruth’s imagined life, Seydel invokes her interior world in novelistic rhythms.”This convergence of his professional triumph with the tragedy of his death makes now a particularly appropriate time to think about Robert Seydel and his work. This feature contains a selection of excerpts from Book of Ruth (courtesy of Siglio Press alongside a pair of texts remembering him and giving critical and biographical insights into his art and his person. These texts, from a former student and a colleague respectively, were originally prepared for Seydel's memorial at Hampshire College and have since been revised for publication in continent.

  12. Robert Wilson og muscial formatet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eigtved, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger hvordan Robert Wilson og Tom Waits' forestilling The Black Rider (1995) forholder sig til musicalkonventionerne......Artiklen undersøger hvordan Robert Wilson og Tom Waits' forestilling The Black Rider (1995) forholder sig til musicalkonventionerne...

  13. Robert Cailliau honoured by Belgium

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    On 15 November, Robert Cailliau received the distinction of Commandeur de l'Ordre de Léopold from Belgium, his home country, for his pioneering work in developing the World Wide Web. Robert Cailliau worked closely with Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the Web.

  14. Robert Lepiksoni maailm / Eha Komissarov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Komissarov, Eha, 1947-

    2000-01-01

    Näitus "Minu maailm. Robert Lepikson fotograafina ja kollektsionäärina" galeriis "Vaal". Väljas on loodusfotod, fotod autodest, kunstikogust Eduard Steinbergi (1937) ja Vladimir Nemuhhini (1925) maalid, paar Salvador Dali värvilist litograafiat

  15. Robert Lepiksoni maailm / Eha Komissarov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Komissarov, Eha, 1947-

    2000-01-01

    Näitus "Minu maailm. Robert Lepikson fotograafina ja kollektsionäärina" galeriis "Vaal". Väljas on loodusfotod, fotod autodest, kunstikogust Eduard Steinbergi (1937) ja Vladimir Nemuhhini (1925) maalid, paar Salvador Dali värvilist litograafiat

  16. Robert Smithsoni ülevaade

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Ameerika maakunstniku Robert Smithsoni (1938-1973) retrospektiivnäitus 12. sept.-ni Stockholmi Moodsa Kunsti Muuseumis. Kunstnikule maailmakuulsuse toonud tööst, 1970. a. Utah' osariigi Suurde Soolajärve ehitatud spiraalmuulist "Spiral Jetty".

  17. My Mentor: Robert M. Gagne.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuckman, Bruce W.

    1996-01-01

    In discussing mentoring relationships, this paper describes one graduate student's experiences with Robert Gagne as his mentor in the field of human learning, examining Gagne's work overall in psychology and research, and focusing on Gagne's work related to education. (SM)

  18. The Relationship between Inflation and Defense Expenditures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    resources they would be bid up in the expanding sector. See Robert Solow , "Evaluation," in After the Phillips Curve: Persistence of High Inflation and...can be explained by the respective rates of growth of money supply per unit of national product. ’𔃼 IF’risch, op. cit., p. 1311. Robert J. Gordon...Statistical Approach for Forecasting Defense Expenditures in the Short-run," in William F. Butler, Robert A. Kavesh, and Robert B. Platt, eds., "Methods and

  19. Steven Hawking with Robert Aymar

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    Steven Hawking is seen meeting with CERN's Director-General, Robert Aymar. Hawking visited CERN between 24 September and 1 October 2006. During his stay he gave two lectures and toured the LHC, which may provide insights into Hawking's most famous area of study, black holes.

  20. Robert Glaser (1921-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangel, Elizabeth S

    2012-12-01

    Robert Glaser, an internationally recognized scholar in the psychology of learning and instruction, passed away on February 4, 2012. Bob was born on January 18, 1921, in Providence, Rhode Island. Glaser was the founding director of the Learning Research and Development Center (LRDC) and Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Education at the University of Pittsburgh.

  1. Robert+Brown on Rafflesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mabberley, David J.

    1999-01-01

    Although not the first publication validating the generic name Rafflesia, Robert Brown’s first classic paper on Rafflesia arnoldii was issued as a preprint in April 1821, antedating the publication of the possibly threatening name, R. titan Jack; Brown’s second paper on the genus was also first

  2. Robert Paine Doctor Honoris Causa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Per Mathiesen

    1998-02-01

    Full Text Available Professor Emeritus Dr. Robert Paine was conferred the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa at the University of Tromsø on August 27 1998 as a recognition of his long lasting and continuing influence on the anthropological study of modern society, and in particular his many contributions to the understanding of Sami reindeer husbandry and the Sami culture in general.

  3. Robert A. Mundell: Background Information

    OpenAIRE

    Committee, Nobel Prize

    1999-01-01

    The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, 1999 to Professor Robert A. Mundell, Columbia University, New York, USA for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas.

  4. Max Weber and Robert Michels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scaff, Lawrence A.

    1981-01-01

    This paper investigates the unique intellectual partnership of Max Weber and Robert Michels, with particular emphasis on Weber's influence on Michel's inquiry into the sociology of parties and organization. Concludes with an evaluation of the import of Weber's critique of Michels' work. (DB)

  5. Robert Merton Dies at 92

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Joel C.

    2006-01-01

    This article features Robert Merton, who died recently at age 92. Merton came into this world as a Jewish baby named Meyer Schkolnick. He lived in South Philly where his parents wrenched a living as blue-collar workers. Merton chose an Anglicized name to move into the Yankee dominated America of the 20's and 30's. At Harvard, he studied under…

  6. 77 FR 29443 - 60-Day Notice of Two Proposed Directorate of Defense Trade Controls Information Collections...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    ... collection: The export, temporary import, temporary export and brokering of defense articles, defense... Export Control Act. Those of the public who manufacture or export defense articles, defense services, and... personal delivery. Dated: May 14, 2012. Robert S. Kovac, Managing Director of Defense Trade...

  7. Defense Acquisition Performance Assessment Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Incorporated – “Changing the System” HeLLeR , TRiCiA A., Deputy Director of Congressional Support, Technical and Analytical Support, USAF A-Team...Interview Recorder” HeLLieR, RiCHARD, Director of Air Force Programs, United Technologies – “Joint Stars System” HeRMAN , DR. ROBeRT, Member, Defense

  8. J. Robert Oppenheimer - A Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pais, Abraham; Crease, Robert P.

    2007-05-01

    The late Abraham Pais, author of the award winning biography of Albert Einstein, Subtle is the Lord , here offers an illuminating portrait of another of his eminent colleagues, J. Robert Oppenheimer, one of the most charismatic and enigmatic figures of modern physics. Pais introduces us to a precocious youth who sped through Harvard in three years, made signal contributions to quantum mechanics while in his twenties, and was instrumental in the growth of American physics in the decade before the Second World War, almost single-handedly bringing it to a state of prominence. He paints a revealing portrait of Oppenheimer's life in Los Alamos, where in twenty remarkable, feverish months, and under his inspired guidance, the first atomic bomb was designed and built, a success that made Oppenheimer America's most famous scientist. Pais describes Oppenheimer's long tenure as Director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton, where the two men worked together closely. He shows not only Oppenheimer's brilliance and leadership, but also how his displays of intensity and arrogance won him powerful enemies, ones who would ultimately make him one of the principal victims of the Red Scare of the 1950s. J. Robert Oppenheimer is Abraham Pais's final work, completed after his death by Robert P. Crease, an acclaimed historian of science in his own right. Told with compassion and deep insight, it is the most comprehensive biography of the great physicist available. Anyone seeking an insider's portrait of this enigmatic man will find it indispensable.

  9. Responding to Robert Wolff's In Defense of Anarchism Emmanuel ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANDCORPgh changing the world

    state authority by arguing that this incompatibility is negated if individual autonomy is ...... because authority says so, and not because she sees any independent reason for ..... Leviathan: Or the matter, form, & power of a commonwealth.

  10. Archie to SAM: A Short Operational History of Ground-Based Air Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-08-01

    Bulletin, 11 July 2000; and Robert Suro , “Missile Defense is Still Just A Pie in the Sky,” Washington Post, 12 February 2001. 31. The Aegis ships already...April 2000; “Misdirected Missile Defense Plan,” Los Angeles Times, 30 April 2000; and Robert Suro and Steven Mufson, “GAO Report Finds Fault with

  11. THE DEMOKTESIS OF ROBERT NOZICK A DEMOKTESIS DE ROBERT NOZICK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Felipe Netto de Andrade e Silva Sahd

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available the present article aims at reconstructing Robert Nozick’s cen-tral arguments about the extreme positions held by North American li-bertarians who do not distinguish between Welfare state and totalitarian state. Despite divergences on a pivotal question, that of the state, there are some affinities between Nozick and this current of thought. Contrary to the anarchist theory, the Minimal state is preferable to the state of nature as described by John locke.O presente artigo tem como objetivo reconstruir argumentos cen-trais, desenvolvidos por Robert Nozick, acerca das posições extremas que não diferenciam Estado-providência e Estado totalitário na política dos libertarianos norte-americanos, isto é, sobre as afinidades percebidas por Nozick com as teses desta corrente de pensamento, embora se afastando num ponto essencial: a questão do Estado. Ao contrário da teoria anar-quista, o Estado mínimo é preferível ao estado de natureza, tal como John locke o descreve.

  12. Hollow Force, Hollow Metaphor: Assessing the Current Defense Drawdown

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-04

    defined by Robert K. Yin in Case Study Research Design and Methods, 3rd ed. (California: SAGE Publications, 2003), 13. 7 current defense...global-commons/2012-11-01/strategy-time-austerity (accessed September 8, 2015). Yin , Robert K. Case Study Research Design and Methods. 3rd...use the post-Vietnam era (1970s) and post-Desert Storm era (1990s) as case studies in mismanaged, risk-inducing defense drawdowns conducted after

  13. Robert Hooke, 1635-1703.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowbury, Robin

    2012-01-01

    Robert Hooke was a polymath whose expertise during the 17th century spanned many different scientific areas. As a schoolboy on the Isle of Wight he was obsessed with the possibility of human flight and later became equally absorbed in cosmology and planetary motion. His skills as an artist were put to good use both as an architect following the Great Fire of London and before that in Micrographia. Although that book is best known for demonstrating the power of Hooke's microscope, Micrographia describes distant planetary bodies, the wave theory of light, the organic origin of fossils, and various other philosophical and scientific interests of its author The following thumbnail sketches of Hooke reveal him to be a man of enormous energy and imagination whose ideas were often pirated or under-rated.

  14. Robert Hooke's model of memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hintzman, Douglas L

    2003-03-01

    In 1682 the scientist and inventor Robert Hooke read a lecture to the Royal Society of London, in which he described a mechanistic model of human memory. Yet few psychologists today seem to have heard of Hooke's memory model. The lecture addressed questions of encoding, memory capacity, repetition, retrieval, and forgetting--some of these in a surprisingly modern way. Hooke's model shares several characteristics with the theory of Richard Semon, which came more than 200 years later, but it is more complete. Among the model's interesting properties are that (1) it allows for attention and other top-down influences on encoding; (2) it uses resonance to implement parallel, cue-dependent retrieval; (3) it explains memory for recency; (4) it offers a single-system account of repetition priming; and (5) the power law of forgetting can be derived from the model's assumptions in a straightforward way.

  15. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI): Using Electronic Commerce to Enhance Defense Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    AD-A238 559 Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Using Electronic Commerce to Enhance Defense Logistics Judith E. Payne, Robert H. Anderson N STATEN= A... electronic commerce to enhance defense logistics / Judith L. Payne and Robert H, Anderson. "Prepared for the Assistant Sccretary of Defense (Production and...by RAND 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 | ,! R-4030-P&L Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Using Electronic Commerce to

  16. Self-Aligned ALD AlOx T-gate Insulator for Gate Leakage Current Suppression in SiNx-Passivated AlGaN/GaN HEMTs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Self-aligned ALD AlOx T-gate insulator for gate leakage current suppression in SiNx-passivated AlGaN/ GaN HEMTs David J. Meyer *, Robert Bass, D...concept metal–insulator–semiconductor (MIS) AlGaN/ GaN high-electron mobility transistor ( HEMT ) that uses a self-aligned 10 nm AlOx gate insulator and...Au gate metal layers to fabri- cate submicron insulated T-gates for AlGaN/ GaN high-electron mobility transistors ( HEMTs ). Metal–insulator

  17. Robert Cailliau en zijn Wereldwijd Web

    CERN Document Server

    De Zitter, Aart

    1999-01-01

    Everyone among us knows the World Wide Web and "surfe" perhaps often. But who realizes that it is a Flemish invention? Robert Cailliau is his name, and it has made already for 23 years scientific research in the famous CERN

  18. Official portrait of astronaut Robert C. Springer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    Official portrait of astronaut Robert C. Springer, United Stated Marine Corps (USMC) Colonel, member of Astronaut Class 9 (1980), and mission specialist. Springer wears launch and entry suit (LES) while holding helmet.

  19. Woman in Robert Frost’s Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许辉

    2014-01-01

    Most studies of Robert Frost usually focus on his great arts in describing the rural and folksy things, and this thesis is to have a tentative reading of Robert Frost from the feminism perspective. It will shed light on the poet ’s view towards woman by analyzing woman characters in his dialogic poems and his subtle use of pronouns and other semantic strategies.

  20. [Margaret Cavendish vs Robert Hooke: An impossible duel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aït-Touati, Frédérique

    2016-12-01

    In 1665, Robert Hooke published his major work in microscopy, Micrographia, a defense of experimental philosophy. The following year, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, published at her own expense a treatise and a novel that undermined the basis of this new science. The dispute broke out at the initiative of the Duchess, in the context of a vast controversy about the legitimacy and the efficiency of optical instruments in natural philosophy. All the figures of the dual are used, except one: the counterattack. Cavendish, indeed, was alone on the battlefield. Is it possible to call a dual a battle with only one combatant? This particular case of dispute that stops owing to the shortage of combatants is the subject of this article.

  1. Evolution of the Department of Defense Millimeter and Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuit Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    Dertouzos, Michael; Lester, Richard K.; Solow , Robert M.; Thorow, Lester C., “Toward a New Industrial America Scientific American, June 1989, pp...Vladimir Gelnovatch, Director of the U.S. Army Electronics Technology and Devices Laboratory; and Robert Heaston, Office of Under Secretary of Defense...Jack S. Kilby and Robert N. Noyce shared honors for the achievement. Hybrid microwave and millimeter wave integrated circuits achieved greater

  2. State Defense Forces and Their Role in American Homeland Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    familysecuritymatters.org/publications/id.7744/pub_detail.asp. 2 Arthur Tulak, Robert Kraft, and Don Silbaugh, “State Defense Forces and Homeland Security...not part of an elite group of well-armed, well-trained military soldiers hardened by the trials of lethal combat—most were simply the undesirables of...Guard. Accessed September 15, 2014. http://www.tnmilitary.org/tennessee-state- guard.html. Tulak, Arthur , Robert Kraft, and Don Silbaugh. “State

  3. Defense Intelligence Agency: 50 Years Committed to Excellence in Defense of the Nation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    to the September 11th terrorist attacks on the Pentagon. Rosa Chapa , Sandra Foster, Robert Hymel, Shelley Marshall, Patricia Mickley, Charles...the Nation MASTER SERGEANT WILLIAM W. BULTMEIER, USA, (RET) Defense Attaché Offi ce, Niamey 23 December 2000 ROSA M. CHAPA Offi ce of the Comptroller

  4. Robert Bellah, religion og menneskelig evolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Jørgen Lundager

    2013-01-01

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Introduction to and discussion of Robert Bellah's major book, Religion in Human Evolution (2011). which defines and describes tribal religion (religion in pre-state societies), archaic religion (religion in early states) and religious currents in the axial age, the period...... to engage in historical and comparative studies. DANSK RESUMÉ: Introduktion til og diskussion af Robert Bellahs hovedværk fra 2011, Religion in Human Evolution, der definerer og beskriver tribal religion, dvs. religion i før-statslige samfund, arkaisk religion, dvs. religion i tidlig-statslige kulturer samt...

  5. Robert Bellah, religion og menneskelig evolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Jørgen Lundager

    2013-01-01

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Introduction to and discussion of Robert Bellah's major book, Religion in Human Evolution (2011). which defines and describes tribal religion (religion in pre-state societies), archaic religion (religion in early states) and religious currents in the axial age, the period...... to engage in historical and comparative studies. DANSK RESUMÉ: Introduktion til og diskussion af Robert Bellahs hovedværk fra 2011, Religion in Human Evolution, der definerer og beskriver tribal religion, dvs. religion i før-statslige samfund, arkaisk religion, dvs. religion i tidlig-statslige kulturer samt...

  6. Social kapital- introduktion til Robert Putnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaarup, Inge Marie

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de tre centrale begreber i Robert Putnams teori om social kapital. Det drejer sig om følgende: Fælles normer for generaliseret gensidighed, netværk og social tillid. Begreberne beskrives og diskuteres, bl.a. ved brug af eksempler fra pædagogisk praksis.......Artiklen behandler de tre centrale begreber i Robert Putnams teori om social kapital. Det drejer sig om følgende: Fælles normer for generaliseret gensidighed, netværk og social tillid. Begreberne beskrives og diskuteres, bl.a. ved brug af eksempler fra pædagogisk praksis....

  7. Composition and adaptation in the life of Robert Schumann.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, John S

    2005-01-01

    The composer Robert Schumann, who suffered from bipolar disorder, utilized his impressive musical and literary talents in attempts to adapt to multiple developmental traumas, separations, and losses as well as to the ongoing ravages of his mood disorder. By analyzing several of his Lieder, the author formulates and describes several defense mechanisms involved in these adaptations. These include identification with the lost object, the use of transitional objects and phenomena, sublimation, denial, minimization, idealization, playfulness, and the employment of healthy obsessive traits. Schumann utilized these adaptive defenses successfully for a brief period, thus coping with a difficult separation from his fiancée, Clara. Ultimately, however, he was unable to experience mature mourning regarding the deaths of several family members. The author, drawing on his extensive experience with treating bipolar individuals in outpatient settings, discusses some of the difficulties that many bipolar patients like Schumann have with mourning, including early developmental vulnerabilities to separation and loss, the disorganizing effects of bipolar mood episodes on cognition and self-coherence, the need to camouflage affects reminiscent of bipolar mood episodes, and experiencing these affects and mood episodes as traumatic reoccurrences. By studying the biographies of creative individuals such as Schumann, clinicians can expand their appreciation of their patients' adaptive capacities and thus assist them in restoring a sense of hope and vitality in their lives.

  8. Crisis or Opportunity: The Urgent Need for Defense Reform in the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    the Future of American Power, New York, NY: Random House, Ebook position: 4244 18 Robert D. Kaplan, Ebook position 4281 19 Andrew J. Bacevich...2008), The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism, New York, NY: Metropolitan Books , Henry Holt and Company, p.159-160 20 Robert D...Kaplan, Ebook position 5383 21 U.S. Department of Defense (January 2012), Defense Budget and Priorities, Washington, DC: U.S. DOD, p.6,8 22 Gary

  9. Robert Lee Pyle honored with emeritus status

    OpenAIRE

    Douglas, Jeffrey S.

    2007-01-01

    Dr. Robert Lee Pyle of Blacksburg, professor of cardiology in the Department of Small Animal Clinical Science at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine at Virginia Tech, was conferred the "professor emeritus" title by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors during the board's quarterly meeting August 27.

  10. Robert Aumann

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Pelle Guldborg

    2007-01-01

    In this interview Nobel Prize Winner Robert Aumann talks about how he was initially drawn into game theory, when he came to think of formalizing the folk-theorem, the proper role of game theory in relation to other disciplines and why behavioral game theory probably won't last long....

  11. Enthusiastic Collaboration: A Conversation with Robert Gable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaff, Marilyn; Teagarden, James; Zabel, Robert H.

    2017-01-01

    Robert A. Gable is the Constance and Colgate Darden Professor of Special Education and Eminent Scholar at Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia. He earned his PhD from George Peabody College of Vanderbilt University and was on the faculty at Peabody--Vanderbilt and the University of Pittsburgh prior to his appointment at Old Dominion…

  12. Uus Viru Poja skandaal Tallinnasa ? / Robert Treufeldt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treufeldt, Robert, 1965-

    2009-01-01

    ICOMOS-i Eesti komitee esimees Robert Treufeldt Rahvusooper Estonia juurdeehitusest, mida kavandatakse olemasoleva hoone tagaküljele praeguse 1905. a. sündmuste mälestusmärgi ümbrusse. Unustatud on, et teater paikneb vanalinna muinsuskaitsealal ja on seega maailma kultuuripärandi nimekirjas UNESCO kaitse all

  13. Robert Aymar, Director-General of CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2003-01-01

    Robert Aymar, photographed in 2003 before taking his position as Director-General at CERN, succeeding Luciano Maiani in 2004. At this time, Aymar was director of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) although he had already been involved with developments at CERN, chairing the External Review Committee, set up in 2001 in response to the increased cost of the LHC.

  14. Enthusiastic Collaboration: A Conversation with Robert Gable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaff, Marilyn; Teagarden, James; Zabel, Robert H.

    2017-01-01

    Robert A. Gable is the Constance and Colgate Darden Professor of Special Education and Eminent Scholar at Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia. He earned his PhD from George Peabody College of Vanderbilt University and was on the faculty at Peabody--Vanderbilt and the University of Pittsburgh prior to his appointment at Old Dominion…

  15. A. Robert Rogers and International Librarianship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linderman, Eric Graham

    This paper provides a biographical study of A. Robert Rogers, Dean of the School of Library Science at Kent State University from 1977-1985, with a focus on his writing, teaching, and study of international librarianship. The following sources of information were used: (1) materials kept in the Department of Special Collections and Archives in the…

  16. The Inharmonious Conflicts in Robert Frost's Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨苗

    2015-01-01

    Robert Frost is one of the most distinguished poets,most of his poems are about the inharmonious relationship between nature and men,Conflicts are like a“thread”appearing in his poems.Frost’s true philosophy on men and life contributes to his wisdom and artistic poems.Frost tries to illustrate the conflict between nature and men in philosophy concern.

  17. Robert Alexander and His Passionate Philosophy (Profile).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosseau, Remi Barclay

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the passionate philosophy of Robert Alexander, founder and director of living stage theater company and his views of art, creativity, the entire process of learning, politics, philosophy, and hope. Presents several excerpts from Alexander's presentations for artists and teachers during Living Stage residencies in cities around the…

  18. ROBERT MUNDELL, FATHER OF THE EURO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Robert Mundell, CC, Ph.D., Ll.D., winner of theNobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science in1999, is University Professor at Columbia University,where he has taught since 1974. He is known as anauthority on international monetary systems,macroeconomic policy management, exchange ratesystems, supply-side economics, transition economiesand monetary history.

  19. Robert Gagne's Educational Theory and Bibliographic Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Wendell G.

    2008-01-01

    Many libraries offer for-credit courses that intend to foster information literacy. These courses will be strengthened if the librarian as instructor has a familiarity with learning theory. This article suggests that Robert Gagne's "Nine Events of Instruction," based on information processing theory, can provide support to bibliographic…

  20. The Legacy of Robert M. Gagne.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richey, Rita C., Ed.

    This book highlights and discusses the contributions of Robert M. Gagne to the field of instructional technology. Section One presents the core concepts of Gagne's theory and contains reprints of the following five journal articles by Gagne: "Contributions of Learning to Human Development,""Learning Hierarchies,""Domains…

  1. Beyond the Lessons of Robert Fulghum's Sandbox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, William E.

    1995-01-01

    Examines Robert Fulghum's book, "All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten," recommending that all people delve into their own early childhood experiences to better understand the issue. The paper compares the author's early childhood experiences and insights on the value of such experiences to Fulghum's experiences. (SM)

  2. The Roberts Court and Academic Freedom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahdert, Mark C.

    2007-01-01

    Since President Bush named Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. and Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr. to the Supreme Court, speculation has run high as to where the new court may be headed. Citing three recent cases ("Morse v. Frederick", "Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights, Inc." and "Garcetti v. Ceballos"), Rahdert expresses concern…

  3. CONSTITUTIONAL TRADITIONALISM IN THE ROBERTS COURT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis J Virelli III

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The debate over the role of traditionalism in constitutional interpretation has itself become a tradition. It remains a popular and controversial topic among constitutional scholars and presents normative questions that are as divisive, difficult, and important today as at the Founding. Missing from the discussion, however, is a comprehensive account of how the Supreme Court has employed traditionalism-an approach that looks for meaning in present manifestations of longstanding practices or beliefs-in its constitutional jurisprudence. This project is the first to fill this gap by providing an exhaustive and systematic analysis of the Court's use of constitutional traditionalism. This article focuses on the Roberts Court's first five terms to provide an empirical foundation that will not only offer previously unavailable insights into the Court's current traditionalist practices, but will also set forth a useful framework for the ongoing normative debate over traditionalism. This project uses content analysis of key terms to identify every instance in which the Roberts Court employed traditionalism to interpret the Constitution. More specifically, this project set out to answer the following three questions: First, how frequently does the Roberts Court employ traditionalism in its constitutional jurisprudence? Second, how robust is the Court's use of traditionalism (i.e., is it used to interpret a broad or narrow range of constitutional provisions? And finally, how often and in what contexts do individual Justices on the Roberts Court rely on traditionalism in their own constitutional opinions? The research provided here suggests answers to all three of these questions. First, the data indicate that traditionalism has been relied upon regularly by the Roberts Court, appearing in nearly half of the Court's constitutional cases. Second, traditionalism is frequently applied to a wide variety of constitutional provisions: Two-thirds of the

  4. Robert Boyle: The Founder of Modern Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kathryn R.

    2009-02-01

    When I learned that the 2009 Earth Day features "air", I started thinking about a suitable way to link the topic to past JCE issues. No small task, considering that I had already covered oxygen and nitrogen in the 2003 and 2005 Earth Day issues. So much for chemical composition. So, I turned to physical properties—the gas laws—that could equally be called the "air laws", since "air" was a generic word for a gas in the centuries when the laws were formulated. For Earth Day 2009, I focus on Robert Boyle, who discovered the first of the gas laws. In addition to at least 20 papers describing Boyle's Law demonstrations and experiments, The Honorable Robert Boyle (1627-1691) is the subject of five papers in JCE .

  5. Aitab hädaldamisest / Robert Antropov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Antropov, Robert, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    Endine politseijuht on seisukohal, et politseinike ja päästjate nappuses ei saa süüdistada ainult väikseid palku, küsimus on valikutes: kuidas ja millesse ressursse paigutada. Kalle Laanet ja Raivo Aeg vastavad küsimusele, mis on nende haldusalas konkreetselt kavas, et politsei saaks täita oma tegevusprioriteeti 100% ja tagada sisejulgeoleku. Vt. ka Robert Antropovi kommentaari 7. aug. Eesti Päevaleht lk. 2

  6. Introduction : The scope of Robert Buijtenhuis' work

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Binsbergen, van W.M.J.; Konings, P.J.J.; Hesseling, G.S.C.M.; Konings, P.J.J.; Binsbergen, van W.M.J.; Hesseling, G.S.C.M.

    2000-01-01

    Cet ouvrage présente onze contributions rédigées par des africanistes qui ont collaboré étroitement avec l'anthropologue politique néerlandais Robert Buijtenhuijs et ont été influencés par ses travaux et sa personnalité. Le livre est un hommage à un auteur qui a été productif dans beaucoup de

  7. Architecture of (impossibilities: Robert Smithson's expositive spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bráulio Romeiro

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This work investigates the North American artist Robert Smithson’s considerations on traditional expositive spaces: the museum and art gallery, as well as unusual and unexplored spaces by art up to that time. Looking through his texts we notice some enhanced perspectives and reset others, increasing limitation set on White Cube’s abstract and neutral quality and the substantiation on ideologies behind of these spaces manifestation.

  8. Aitab hädaldamisest / Robert Antropov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Antropov, Robert, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    Endine politseijuht on seisukohal, et politseinike ja päästjate nappuses ei saa süüdistada ainult väikseid palku, küsimus on valikutes: kuidas ja millesse ressursse paigutada. Kalle Laanet ja Raivo Aeg vastavad küsimusele, mis on nende haldusalas konkreetselt kavas, et politsei saaks täita oma tegevusprioriteeti 100% ja tagada sisejulgeoleku. Vt. ka Robert Antropovi kommentaari 7. aug. Eesti Päevaleht lk. 2

  9. Quantum Gates and Circuits

    CERN Document Server

    Di Vincenzo, D P

    1997-01-01

    A historical review is given of the emergence of the idea of the quantum logic gate from the theory of reversible Boolean gates. I highlight the quantum XOR or controlled NOT as the fundamental two-bit gate for quantum computation. This gate plays a central role in networks for quantum error correction.

  10. George Robert Tilton (1923-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattinson, James; Hopson, Clifford

    2011-05-01

    George Robert Tilton, professor emeritus of geochemistry at the University of California, Santa Barbara, passed away 12 October 2010 at age 87 in Eugene, Oreg. George was among those exceptionally versatile scientists whose research and teaching effectively bridged two main disciplines: chemistry and geology. He was recognized internationally as a leader in lead isotope geochemistry and uranium-lead (U-Pb) geochronology, fields that he helped pioneer and revolutionize. George combined analytical chemistry and mass spectrometry to attack a wide range of geological problems, particularly those concerning the age, origin, and evolution of the Earth, Moon, and solar system.

  11. Os fundamentos do liberalismo em Robert Nozick

    OpenAIRE

    Voltaire de Freitas Michel

    2003-01-01

    A dissertação propõe o exame da teoria da justiça e do Estado apresentadas pelo filósofo americano Robert Nozick em sua obra Anarchy, State and Utopia (1974). Na primeira parte do trabalho, três conceitos fundamentais da tradição liberal clássica são examinados: estado de natureza, justiça e direitos, e Estado Liberal. Os paradigmas adotados são John Locke e Immanuel Kant. O primeiro, porque Nozick parte de pressupostos lockeanos para desenvolver sua teoria do Estado. O segundo, pelo paraleli...

  12. Interview of Robert H.Grubbs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Robert H.Grubbs is a Nobel Laureate and the Victor and Elizabeth Atkins Professor of Chemistry at the California Institute of Technology,USA.He grew up in the State of Kentucky,and received his BS and MS degrees from the University of Florida.Grubbs conducted Ph.D.studies under the guidance ofRonald Breslow at Columbia University [1],and postdoctoral work with J AMes P.Collman at Stanford University.Grubbs shared the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Yves Chauvin and Richard R.Schrock for "for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis" [2],among many honors and awards he has received.

  13. Robert M. Solow (*1924) : Wachstumstheorie und Entwicklung

    OpenAIRE

    Gundlach, Erich

    2002-01-01

    Robert Solow postulierte 1956 in einem bahnbrechenden Aufsatz, dass technischer Fortschritt die einzig mögliche Quelle für langfristiges Wirtschaftswachstum sei. Im folgenden Jahr konnte er nachweisen, dass sich das Wirtschaftswachstum der USA in der ersten Hälfte des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts in der Tat fast vollständig mit technischem Fortschritt erklären ließ. Diese beiden Arbeiten sind inzwischen zu Klassikern der makroökonomischen Analyse geworden: Jeder Ökonom kennt das Solow-Modell und ...

  14. Robert Smithson on the path of Prometheus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Guillermo Merchán-Basabe

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En este texto se analiza la intervención artística de espacios y se hace una crítica a la concepción estética de la naturaleza en Robert Smithson. Se postula que la obra de Smithson polemiza con las concepciones pródigas y catastróficas de la naturaleza, al tiempo que propone implícitamente, por medio de acciones que se valen del impulso tecnocientífico, una redención de la naturaleza.

  15. Unusually Gothic : Robert Sigl's Laurin (1987)

    OpenAIRE

    Stiglegger, Marcus

    2010-01-01

    Marcus Stiglegger revives a lost Gothic treasure in this brief discussion of Robert Sigl's Laurin—a rare case of German genre film-making and the heir to FW Murnau's legacy. Phantastic genre cinema is very rare in contemporary Germany—especially in the 1980s, the time when Italian horror reached another peak with Dario Argento's Opera (1985). The cliché of the German "easy comedy" ruled mainstream film production at the time, and so it appeared a kind of miracle when 27-year-old writer/direct...

  16. New gate opening hours

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

    Please note the new opening hours of the gates as well as the intersites tunnel from the 19 May 2009: GATE A 7h - 19h GATE B 24h/24 GATE C 7h - 9h\t17h - 19h GATE D 8h - 12h\t13h - 16h GATE E 7h - 9h\t17h - 19h Prévessin 24h/24 The intersites tunnel will be opened from 7h30 to 18h non stop. GS-SEM Group Infrastructure and General Services Department

  17. Robert Adrian X / Robert Adrian X ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adrian X, Robert

    2006-01-01

    1997. a. Ljubljanas tehtud intervjuu 1972. aastast Viinis elava kanada kunstniku Robert Adrian X-ga (sünd. 1935), kes töötas 1970-ndate lõpul ja 1980-ndate alguses telefoni, faksi ja varaste kirjakstisüsteemidega kunstiprojektide kallal, osales 1970-ndate ja 1980-ndate multimeediaprojektides

  18. Robert Adrian X / Robert Adrian X ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adrian X, Robert

    2006-01-01

    1997. a. Ljubljanas tehtud intervjuu 1972. aastast Viinis elava kanada kunstniku Robert Adrian X-ga (sünd. 1935), kes töötas 1970-ndate lõpul ja 1980-ndate alguses telefoni, faksi ja varaste kirjakstisüsteemidega kunstiprojektide kallal, osales 1970-ndate ja 1980-ndate multimeediaprojektides

  19. The Comprehensive Review Working Group and Don't Ask, Don't Tell repeal at the Department of Defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jonathan L

    2013-01-01

    In February 2010, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Adm. Michael Mullen established the Comprehensive Review Working Group (CRWG) to conduct a comprehensive review of the issues associated with a repeal of Don't Ask, Don't Tell (DADT). Over the next 10 months, the CRWG undertook one of the most extensive studies of a personnel issue in the history of the U.S. military. This article describes the work and the findings of the CRWG (on which the author served) in the context of the activities within the Department of Defense (DoD) following President Obama's call for DADT repeal in his January 2010 State of the Union Address and leading up to the passage of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act in December 2010. It argues that the CRWG served a number of important functions in the DADT repeal process, particularly that it a) provided a rigorous, fact-based assessment of the impacts of repeal from which DoD senior leaders and Congress could base their views; b) developed a road map for a smooth and orderly implementation of repeal; and c) opened a conversation among military service members about what repeal would really mean to them. In doing so, the CRWG contributed to what has been a largely incident-free and successful transition to a post-DADT military.

  20. Sources Of Evolution Of The Japan Air Self Defense Force’s Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    EVOLUTION OF THE JAPAN AIR SELF- DEFENSE FORCE’S STRATEGY by Kisung Nam December 2016 Thesis Advisor: Wade L. Huntley Co-Advisor: Robert...COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE SOURCES OF EVOLUTION OF THE JAPAN AIR SELF-DEFENSE FORCE’S STRATEGY 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S...DISTRIBUTION CODE 13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200words) The Japan Air Self-Defense Force’s (JASDF) activities, training, and weapons after the first

  1. Color and Contingency in Robert Boyle's Works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Tawrin

    2015-01-01

    This essay investigates the relationship between color and contingency in Robert Boyle's Experiments and Considerations Touching Colours (1664) and his essays on the unsuccessfulness of experiments in Certain Physiological Essays (1661). In these two works Boyle wrestles with a difficult practical and philosophical problem with experiments, which he calls the problem of contingency. In Touching Colours, the problem of contingency is magnified by the much-debated issue of whether color had any deep epistemic importance. His limited theoretical principle guiding him in Touching Colours, that color is but modified light, further exacerbated the problem. Rather than theory, Boyle often relied on craftsmen, whose mastery of color phenomena was, Boyle mentions, brought about by economic forces, to determine when colors were indicators of important 'inward' properties of substances, and thus to secure a solid foundation for his experimental history of color.

  2. Robert A. Langel III (1937-2000)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Patrick T.; Purucker, Michael E.

    Robert (Bob) Langel died on February 9, 2000, in Blacksburg,Virginia, after a three-month illness. Bob was a member of the AGU since 1968 and a Fellow since 1989. He pioneered measurement, separation, charting, and interpretation of the multitude of magnetic fields observed in near-Earth space. His special gift was in bringing together workers in fields as diverse as rock magnetism, tectonics, core-flow modeling, ionospheric physics, and applied mathematics, and in learning from them all. He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1937), and raised in Ohio. He earned a B.S. in physics at Wheaton College, Illinois (1959), and subsequently spent his entire professional career as a federal scientist, first at the Naval Research Laboratory (1959-1962) and then with NASAs Goddard Space Flight Center until his retirement in 1997.

  3. Delivering Higher Education to Adults: An Interview with Robert Mendenhall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finney, Joni E.

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Robert Mendenhall, president of Western Governors University, who is the 2012 recipient of the Virginia B. Smith (VBS) Innovative Leadership Award. The annual award recognizes his leadership in redesigning higher education delivery for adult students. In the interview, Robert Mendenhall talks about his work…

  4. Anthony ROBERTS 5 March 1948 – 16 January 2008

    CERN Multimedia

    TS Department

    2008-01-01

    We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Anthony ROBERTS on 16 January 2008. Mr ROBERTS, born on 05.03.1948, worked in the HR Department and had been employed at CERN since 01.06.1973. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN staff. Social Affairs Service Human Resources Department

  5. The Defense Acquisition Workforce Growth Initiative: Changing Workforce Characteristics and the Implications for Workforce Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Year 2013). 2 Secretary Robert Gates announced a plan to increase the size of the DAW by 20,000 by FY 2015 (Gates, 2009a). Personnel managers ...the DoD “establish flexible personnel management policies” and “establish business-related education and experience criteria for civilian contracting... personnel managers responded, with help from the DAWDF and the Expedited Hiring Authority. In fact, the DoD neared its DAW growth initiative goals

  6. Robert Carswell: the first illustrator of MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, T J

    2009-09-01

    The first illustration of multiple sclerosis (MS) was by a young Scottish physician and artist, Dr Robert Carswell. Recognized as a talented illustrator by his teachers, he was encouraged to create an anatomy and pathology atlas. He spent years in the hospitals and mortuaries of Paris and Lyon painting watercolours and pen and ink drawings of patients and post mortem preparations. Of the 1034 paintings, 99 are of the brain and spinal cord and Plate 4, figure 4.4 in the atlas (Figure 2), is of MS. Carswell indicated he saw two examples of this pathology, but had not examined either patient, but illustrated one of them. We know little about the clinical history other than that the patient was paralyzed. About 200 of the atlases were printed, and it is still regarded as one of the greatest and most beautiful of all medical books. Carswell was appointed as the first Professor of Anatomy at the North London Hospital, later renamed the University College Hospital UK, where the original copy of his great atlas is archived. Due to ill health he resigned after a few years to reside in the healthier air outside Brussels, Belgium. He was appointed physician to King Leopold, but was also noted for his care of the poor. Queen Victoria knighted him for his care of King Louis Philippe of France when he was in exile. Although English journals did not note his passing at the age of 64 years, his great atlas remains as his memorial.

  7. Robert Edwards: the path to IVF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Martin H

    2011-08-01

    The early influences on Robert Edwards’ approach to the scientific research that led to human IVF are described. His interest as a graduate student in the genetics of early mammalian development stimulated him later to investigate whether the origins of human genetic diseases such as Down, Klinefelter and Turner syndromes might be explained by events during egg maturation. This clinical problem provided the most powerful stimulus to achieve both oocyte maturation and fertilization in vitro in humans. Indeed,preimplantation genetic diagnosis was his main goal until he met Patrick Steptoe in 1968. A re-evaluation of his meeting with Steptoe suggests that initially Steptoe’s laparoscopic skill was of interest for its potential to solve the sperm capacitation problem. Steptoe’simpact on Edwards was twofold. First, Steptoe’s long-held interest in infertility raised this application of IVF higher in Edwards’priorities. Second, Steptoe offered a long-term partnership, in which oocyte collection without in-vitro maturation was a possibility.The professional criticism generated by their work together encouraged Edwards to pursue a deliberate programme of public education about the issues raised and to challenge and develop professional bioethical thought and discourse about reproduction.

  8. Robert Aymar awarded Global Energy prize

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN Director-General Robert Aymar was recently named one of three laureates of the 2006 Global Energy International Prize for 'the development of scientific and engineering foundation for the ITER project.' ITER is an experiment planned to be built in Europe at Cadarache (South of France) and designed to show the scientific and technological feasibility of a full-scale fusion power reactor. The other two laureates, who worked with Aymar on the project, are former President of the ITER Council, Russian Academician Evgeny Velikhov, and Japan's Dr Masaji Yoshikawa, ITER's former Vice President. Aymar headed ITER from 1994 to 2003. 'This prize is not only a great honour for me and my friends and colleagues of many years at ITER, Evgeny Velikhov and Masaji Yoshikawa,' Aymar said. 'It is above all a recognition of the effort of all those who have been involved with the ITER project and worked over the years to ensure the first step in proving that fusion will provide a new sustainable energy source for the plane...

  9. Magnetohydrodynamics and the earth's core selected works by Paul Roberts

    CERN Document Server

    Soward, Andrew M

    2003-01-01

    Paul Roberts'' research contributions are remarkable in their diversity, depth and international appeal. Papers from the Paul Roberts'' Anniversary meeting at the University of Exeter are presented in this volume. Topics include geomagnetism and dynamos, fluid mechanics and MHD, superfluidity, mixed phase regions, mean field electrodynamics and the Earth''s inner core. An incisive commentary of the papers puts the work of Paul Roberts into historical context. Magnetohydrodynamics and the Earth''s Core provides a valuable source of reference for graduates and researchers working in this area of geoscience.

  10. The Impact of the Defense Industry Consolidation on the Aerospace Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    Markets, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, May 2000. 9. Demski, Joel S. and Robert P. Magee. “A Perspective on Accounting for Defense...Takuji. “What Do the Purified Solow Residuals Tell Us about Japan’s Lost Decade?” Monetary and Economic Studies: 113-148 (February 2005). 26. Kim... Robert E. Waller. “Consolidation of the U.S. Defense Industrial Base: Impact on Research Expenditures,” Acquisition Review Quarterly, 9: 143-150 (Spring

  11. Obituary: Robert H. Koch (1929-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Joanne; Corcoran, Michael; Holenstein, Bruce; Sion, Edward

    2011-12-01

    Robert H. Koch, emeritus professor of astronomy and astrophysics at the University of Pennsylvania, passed away at his home in Ardmore, Pennsylvania on 11 October 2010 after a brief illness. Bob was 80 years old and remained sharp and intellectually engaged with the astronomical community up until the onset of complications from a brain tumor. Bob was born in York, Pennsylvania on 19 December 1929, and graduated from York Catholic High School in 1947. He attended the University of Pennsylvania on a senatorial scholarship, graduating in 1951. After two years in the United States Army, he enrolled in graduate school at the University of Pennsylvania, doing his doctoral research on the photoelectric photometry of R CMa, AO Cas, AS Eri, and XY Leo at the Steward Observatory, University of Arizona in Tucson. Bob would continue this exploration of close binary stars, their atmospheres and interactions, for the rest of his career. Bob met his future spouse, Joanne C. Underwood, while in graduate school in 1957 and they were married in 1959. Bob received his PhD in astronomy in 1959 and moved to Amherst, Massachusetts, where he taught as a member of the Four College Astronomy Department until 1966. Following a year at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, Bob joined the Astronomy Department at Penn, teaching and doing research there until his retirement in 1996. Bob's main interests were the study of close and eclipsing binary stars, stellar envelopes and winds, intrinsic variables, transits and occultations, and the Milky Way Galaxy, producing well over 100 refereed publications. Bob was partial to photoelectric photometry and polarimetry, conducting most of his observational research at the University of Pennsylvania Flower and Cook Observatory, and at other ground- and space-based observatories. As an international figure in the area of binary stars, Bob had widespread collaborations with scientists at other institutions, in the US and throughout the world, and

  12. Realismo e utopia em Robert Michels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Floriano Ribeiro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aponta e discute as principais influências teóricas e políticas de Robert Michels na construção de Sociologia dos partidos políticos, tentando ir além das fontes mais conhecidas, como Gaetano Mosca, Vilfredo Pareto, Max Weber e Gustave Le Bon. Como Michels não se preocupou em construir definições claras sobre seus conceitos principais, procurou-se extrair a essência de seu raciocínio, apresentando as concepções e influências teóricas predominantes no livro, e destacando as mudanças entre a primeira edição, de 1911, e a segunda, de 1925. Para tanto, realizou-se um estudo das 989 notas explicativas desta segunda edição (além do texto principal em si. Além de discutir as fontes explicitadas no livro, o artigo também esboça uma "análise genética" da obra, levantando alguns fatos biográficos prévios à sua publicação e no intervalo entre as duas edições, e recorrendo, ainda, a outros trabalhos de Michels. Após debater as concepções e críticas do autor sobre democracia, revolução, socialismo, sindicalismo e anarquismo, o artigo termina com um balanço sobre as fragilidades e contribuições da obra de Michels, destacando que a chave para se compreender vida e obra do autor reside em perceber as tensas disjuntivas estabelecidas entre realismo e utopia e entre o Michels militante e o Michels analista.

  13. Caruso St John y Robert Smithson: Interferencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Hernández Pezzi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Los discursos cruzados son el soporte común del presente número de Cuadernos. El cruce que planteamos tiene como protagonistas al artista Robert Smithson y a los arquitectos Adam Caruso y Peter St John. Estos últimos hacen mención del trabajo del artista norteamericano para explicar su proyecto de remodelación de Stortorget, la plaza de la catedral en el centro de Kalmar, Suecia. A partir de aquí, comenzamos una exploración del trabajo y las preocupaciones de ambos que nos permite dibujar convergencias y sintonías procesuales por encima de las diferencias temáticas, ideológicas y estilísticas. Al disponer en paralelo la obra de Smithson y Caruso St John descubrimos vibraciones y resonancias que muestran una interacción productiva de sus preocupaciones. La materia se convierte en sus propuestas en un objeto activo y sensible, un depósito energético con el que operar. El traslado de piedras en Stortorget convoca la memoria de la ciudad del mismo modo que el basalto y la sal del Spiral Jetty, erosionados por el tiempo, nos hablan de procesos abiertos. El tiempo y la memoria pasan a ser soportes estratégicos con los que construyen sus miradas. Los objetos se disuelven en las relaciones que establecen con su entorno produciendo equilibrios frágiles e instantáneos. De esta manera el artículo pretende generar un vórtice de reflexión, una espiral en cuyo recorrido se manifiesten las tensiones parciales del cruce propuesto, sus fijezas momentáneas.

  14. Robert Spurlin Waldrop (1912-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Rodney R

    2013-09-01

    Presents an obituary for Robert Spurlin Waldrop (1912-2012). After receiving a bachelor of arts degree at the University of Oklahoma in 1934 with a major in philosophy and a minor in psychology, Waldrop received a bachelor of divinity degree from the McCormick Theological Seminary in Chicago in 1937. He began graduate work in psychology at the University of Chicago (1937-1940), where he worked with L. L. Thurstone and became interested in the work of William Sheldon. He continued graduate work at the University of Michigan (1940-1943) until he was inducted into the U.S. Navy during World War II. After his discharge from the Navy in 1946, Waldrop returned to Ann Arbor to resume his doctoral studies and was additionally appointed director of the Veterans Service Bureau at the University of Michigan. He completed his doctorate in June 1948 and in the fall accepted a position as dean of students at Vanderbilt University. Waldrop's work with veterans and development of doctoral counseling psychology brought him to the attention of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Waldrop played a pivotal role in the VA's decision to establish doctoral-level counseling psychologists in VA hospitals. He resigned from the VA in 1961 to return to academic life. He accepted a position as professor of psychology in the Department of Psychology at the University of Maryland, College Park, from which he retired in 1979. Throughout his career, Waldrop was involved in both professional and community affairs. Waldrop lived the history of modern psychology and contributed to that history. © 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  15. Robert Hooke's Seminal Contribution to Orbital Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nauenberg, Michael

    2005-03-01

    During the second half of the seventeenth century, the outstanding problem in astronomy was to understand the physical basis for Kepler’s laws describing the observed orbital motion of a planet around the Sun. In the middle 1660s,Robert Hooke (1635 1703) proposed that a planet’s motion is determined by compounding its tangential velocity with the change in radial velocity impressed by the gravitational attraction of the Sun, and he described his physical concept to Isaac Newton (1642 1726) in correspondence in 1679. Newton denied having heard of Hooke’s novel concept of orbital motion, but shortly after their correspondence he implemented it by a geometric construction from which he deduced the physical origin of Kepler’s area law,which later became Proposition I, Book I, of his Principia in 1687.Three years earlier, Newton had deposited a preliminary draft of it, his De Motu Corporum in Gyrum (On the Motion of Bodies), at the Royal Society of London, which Hooke apparently was able to examine a few months later, because shortly there-after he applied Newton’s construction in a novel way to obtain the path of a body under the action of an attractive central force that varies linearly with the distance from its center of motion (Hooke’s law). I show that Hooke’s construction corresponds to Newton’s for his proof of Kepler’s area law in his De Motu. Hooke’s understanding of planetary motion was based on his observations with mechanical analogs. I repeated two of his experiments and demonstrated the accuracy of his observations.My results thus cast new light on the significance of Hooke’s contributions to the development of orbital dynamics, which in the past have either been neglected or misunderstood.

  16. Robert (Bob) L. Helmreich (1937-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, John; Domjan, Michael

    2013-09-01

    Presents an obituary for Robert (Bob) L. Helmreich (1937-2012). Helmreich was born April 29, 1937, in Kansas City, Missouri, the only son of Ralph and Caroline Helmreich. Bob received his undergraduate degree from Yale University in 1959. He immediately enlisted in the U.S. Navy, where he served for four years. Upon his retirement from the service he was executive officer of the USS Decatur (DD-936). Perhaps it was his service in the Navy that sparked his lifelong professional interest in how people work together in teams to accomplish technically precise goals. He returned to Yale University to obtain a doctor of philosophy degree in social psychology under Barry Collins. Bob joined the faculty at The University of Texas at Austin as an assistant professor in 1966 and remained on the faculty in the Department of Psychology until his retirement in 2007, 41 years later. During the course of his career, Helmreich published more than 200 research articles and monographs. Most of his publications dealt with issues related to airline and medical safety, and much of this work was done in collaboration with graduate students and colleagues. In recognition of his extensive contributions to improving crew performance, in 2005 Helmreich received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Flight Safety Foundation. Helmreich also received the Franklin V. Taylor Award for Outstanding Contributions in the Field of Applied Experimental/Engineering Psychology from the American Psychological Association (APA), the Pro Bene Meritus A ward from The University of Texas (for his commitment to the liberal arts), and the David S. Sheridan Award from Albany Medical College.

  17. Obituary: Robert Mowbray Walker, 1929-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenherr, Neil T.

    2004-12-01

    Robert M. Walker, PhD, Professor of Physics in Arts & Sciences and a faculty fellow of the McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, died of stomach cancer Thursday, 12 February 2004, in Brussels, Belgium. He was 75. Walker worked on the frontiers of space research for more than four decades. Robert Walker was born in Philadelphia on 6 February 1929. His mother was Dorothy Potter and he considered Roger Potter his father though he was not his biological father. His early years were spent in New York City and in upstate New York. He attended the Bronx High School of Science, earned his BS in physics from Union College and in 1954, he received his PhD in particle physics from Yale University. He subsequently joined the General Electric Laboratory in Schenectady, New York where he studied the radiation effects in solids. His work on defects in irradiated copper is still regarded as the definitive work on the topic. In the early 1960s, Walker's discovery of fossil nuclear particle tracks in minerals was instrumental to new developments in geo-chronology and cosmic ray physics. In particular, his discovery of tracks from nuclei heavier than iron opened a new frontier of cosmic ray physics. He subsequently pioneered the use of plastics to detect and count such nuclei in cosmic ray balloon flights. Beginning in 1966, when he moved to Washington University and became the first McDonnell Professor of Physics, his research interests turned more toward space physics. He was the inaugural director of the McDonnell Center, which was established in 1975 by a gift from aerospace pioneer James S. McDonnell. Walker was a member of the NASA committee that allocated samples of the first returned lunar materials, and his laboratory led the way in deciphering their record of lunar, solar system and galactic evolution. Together with Ghislaine Crozaz and other colleagues, Walker made path breaking laboratory studies of the first moon rocks revealing the history of solar radiation and

  18. Scientific Literature as Hierarchy: Library Instruction and Robert M. Gagne.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Constance R.

    1982-01-01

    Establishes the connection between the learning theories of Robert M. Gagne and systematic patterns in scientific literature and discusses implications of this connection for instruction in library use. Twenty-four references are listed. (Author/EJS)

  19. Robert Rodrigueze verejugadega õudusfilm tuleb Igavuse planeedilt / Mihkel Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Mihkel, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Filmiprojekt "Grindhouse" koosneb Robert Rodrigueze retroõudukast "Grindhouse : Õuduste planeet" ("Planet Terror") ja Quentin Tarantino 70-ndatest inspireeritud õudusfilmist "Surmakindel" ("Death Proof") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. R. Rodrigueze filmist

  20. Sivapalan receives 2011 Robert E. Horton Medal: Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivapalan, Murugesu

    2012-01-01

    Murugesu Sivapalan was awarded the 2011 Robert E. Horton Medal at the AGU Fall Meeting Honors Ceremony, held on 7 December 2011 in San Francisco, Calif. The medal is for "outstanding contributions to hydrology."

  1. Sivapalan receives 2011 Robert E. Horton Medal: Citation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunne, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Murugesu Sivapalan was awarded the 2011 Robert E. Horton Medal at the AGU Fall Meeting Honors Ceremony, held on 7 December 2011 in San Francisco, Calif. The medal is for "outstanding contributions to hydrology."

  2. Review of Peter Roberts's Happiness, hope, and despair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sarauw, Laura Louise

    2017-01-01

    Peter Roberts in his new book, Happiness, Hope, and Despair: Rethinking the Role of Education (Roberts, 2016). The book is a great read for anyone who wants to engage critically with positive psychology and its potentially reductive view on despair as a problem to be overcome by education....... In a refreshing contrast to the prevalent neoliberal understanding of the individual as predominantly motivated by maximising one’s own happiness, Roberts argues that we have lost sight of valuable transformative potentials, and have connected despair in education and elsewhere in a Facebook-like happiness...... for transformation and hope. In doing so, Roberts develops a thought-provoking existentialist language for a renewed discussion of the role and purpose of education against the central tendencies that are presently faced by many countries. The book is a major contribution to understanding the often overlooked...

  3. Robert Eisenstein joins the ATLAS collaboration at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    Robert Eisenstein, former assistant director for mathematical and physical sciences (MPS) at the US National Science Foundation (NSF), has stepped down from the job to spend a year at CERN as a member of the ATLAS collaboration.

  4. TBT recommends : Vera Bila. The No Smoking Orchestra. Robert Plant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Mustlasansambli Kale ja Vera Bila kontserdist 8. apr Tallinnas. Bosnia filmirežissööri Emir Kusturica ja tema ansambli No Smoking Orchestra kontserdist 12. apr. Riias. Inglise rocklaulja Robert Planti kontserdist 10. apr. Vilniuses

  5. Robert Recorde tudor polymath, expositor and practitioner of computation

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Jack

    2014-01-01

    The 16th-Century intellectual Robert Recorde is chiefly remembered for introducing the equals sign into algebra, yet the greater significance of his work is often overlooked. This book details the man, his achievements and his historical importance.

  6. Narva-Jõesuu puitpitsiga villad - Robert Kolbe ja Pantelejevi villad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Narva-Jõesuu mauri stiilis Robert Kolbe villa ja selle ehitusdetailid - puitpitsimustrites imiteeriti Hispaanias asuva Alhambra lossi kiviraidkunsti - põles maha 2006. aastal. Pantelejevi villa puitpitsid olid Karjala-Vene rahvuslikus stiilis

  7. Research Ship Robert Gordon Sproul Underway Meteorological Data, Quality Controlled

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Research Ship Robert Gordon Sproul Underway Meteorological Data (delayed ~10 days for quality control) are from the Shipboard Automated Meteorological and...

  8. Scientific Literature as Hierarchy: Library Instruction and Robert M. Gagne.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Constance R.

    1982-01-01

    Establishes the connection between the learning theories of Robert M. Gagne and systematic patterns in scientific literature and discusses implications of this connection for instruction in library use. Twenty-four references are listed. (Author/EJS)

  9. TBT recommends : Vera Bila. The No Smoking Orchestra. Robert Plant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Mustlasansambli Kale ja Vera Bila kontserdist 8. apr Tallinnas. Bosnia filmirežissööri Emir Kusturica ja tema ansambli No Smoking Orchestra kontserdist 12. apr. Riias. Inglise rocklaulja Robert Planti kontserdist 10. apr. Vilniuses

  10. Robert Rodrigueze verejugadega õudusfilm tuleb Igavuse planeedilt / Mihkel Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Mihkel, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Filmiprojekt "Grindhouse" koosneb Robert Rodrigueze retroõudukast "Grindhouse : Õuduste planeet" ("Planet Terror") ja Quentin Tarantino 70-ndatest inspireeritud õudusfilmist "Surmakindel" ("Death Proof") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. R. Rodrigueze filmist

  11. Astronaut Robert Gibson prepares to use motion picture camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Astronaut Robert L. Gibson, STS 61-C mission commander, partially floats on the aft flight deck of the Shuttle Columbia while preparing to use a motion picture camera. The windows overlooking the cargo bay are visible in the background.

  12. Aristoteles, Augustin og Robert Grosseteste om videnskabens grundprincipper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, David Kristian

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger tre filosoffers (Aristoteles', Augustins og Robert Grossetestes) syn på videnskabens grundprincipper. Der argumenteres for, at de modstridende teorier, som Aristoteles og Augustin fremsætter, forenes i Grossetestes teori.......Artiklen undersøger tre filosoffers (Aristoteles', Augustins og Robert Grossetestes) syn på videnskabens grundprincipper. Der argumenteres for, at de modstridende teorier, som Aristoteles og Augustin fremsætter, forenes i Grossetestes teori....

  13. Leaving Libertarianism: : Social Ties in Robert Nozick's New Philosophy

    OpenAIRE

    Herbjørnsrud, Dag

    2002-01-01

    SUMMARY This thesis Leaving Libertarianism: Social Ties in Robert Nozick s New Philosophy challenges the general and most widespread portrayals of the American philosopher Robert Nozick (1938-2002) by studying the notion of social ties in his later philosophy. The point of departure is the present descriptions of Nozick s philosophy. Mostly these depictions are based upon three postulates: That Nozick is an extreme individualist, that the libertarian Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1...

  14. Antioxidative defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanović Jelka

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Free radicals occur constantly during metabolism and take part in numerous physiological processes, such as: intra-cellular and inter-cellular signalization, gene expression, removal of damaged or senescent cells, and control of the tone of blood vessels. However, there is an increased quantity of free radicals in situations of so-called oxidative stress, when they cause serious damage to cellular membranes (peroxidation of their lipids, damage of membrane proteins, and similar, to interior cellular protein molecules, as well as DNA molecules and carbohydrates. This is precisely why the organism has developed numerous mechanisms for removing free radicals and/or preventing their production. Some of these are enzyme-related and include superoxide-dismutase, catalase, glutathione-peroxidase, and others. Other, non-enzyme mechanisms, imply antioxidative activities of vitamins E and C, provitamin A, coenzyme Q, reduced glutation, and others. Since free radicals can leave the cell that has produced them and become dispersed throughout the body, in addition to antioxidative defense that functions within cellular structures, antioxidant extra-cellular defense has also been developed. This is comprised by: transferrin, lactoferrin, haptoglobin, hemopexin, ceruloplasmin, albumins, extra-cellular isoform SOD, extracellular glutathione-peroxidase, glucose, bilirubin, urates, and many other molecules.

  15. Robert Lowell’s Culturally Coded Lexis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidija Davidovska

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I will examine how a vital ele­ment of Robert Lowell’s descriptive and narrative struc­tures, i.e., the lexis, promise to unfold the “layers” of the culture that served as context for Life Studies. This in­volves exploring both the denotations and connotations of his culturally encoded lexis, that is, the external mean­ings of certain words and phrases before they “en­ter” the poem and the internal meanings they acquire after entering the poem. This process of “verbal osmo­sis”, when words absorb meaning from these different contexts, is, what I believe, critic and linguist Winifred Nowottny describes as “give and take between those patterns” (Fowler, 2009: 31. My analysis will focus on the sociolinguistic patina accrued on certain units of Lowell’s poetic lexis, such as names of historical people, events and concepts belonging to American and Euro­pean spiritual cultures and traditions, as well as brand names from popular material culture of the first half of the twentieth century. The analysis will also dwell on the use of idioms, catch phrases and other verbal clichés which reflect the culture that generated them. They func­tion as verbal “ready-mades” that additionally rein­force Lowell’s well-known anecdotal, colloquial and infor­mal poetic language. The choice of these particular lexical items is significant as they reflect the categoriza­tion of the world and the experience of the poetic voice or the “language user” in broader linguistic terms. At the same time, the categorization of the experience reflects the ideational position, the worldview of the language user. In the context of his poetics of immanence and experi­ence, this culturally coded poetic diction is ana­lyzed as another authentic and documented presenta­tion of immanent narrator’s “lived experience”.

  16. American Prometheus. The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Biography; J. Robert Oppenheimer. Die Biographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bird, Kai; Sherwin, Martin J.

    2009-07-01

    A definitive portrait of legendary scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the ''father'' of the atomic bomb, discusses his seminal role in the twentieth-century scientific world, as well as his lesser-known roles as family man, supposed communist, and head of Princeton's Institute for Advanced Studies. ''American Prometheus'' is a rich evocation of America in mid-century and a compelling portrait of scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, a man shaped by its major events--the Depression, World War II, and the Cold War. (orig.) [German] J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967), der ''Vater der Atombombe'', zaehlt zu den schillerndsten Figuren der juengeren Zeitgeschichte. Fuer ihre glaenzende Biographie des ''amerikanischen Prometheus'' erhielten der Journalist Kai Bird und der Historiker Martin J. Sherwin den Pulitzer-Preis. Exemplarisch lassen sie das Drama eines Forschers lebendig werden, der sich zwischen Erkenntnisdrang und ethischer Verantwortung entscheiden muss. Oppenheimer leitete das streng geheime Manhattan-Projekt in der Wueste von New Mexico, wo am 16. Juli 1945 die erste Atombombe gezuendet wurde. Kurz darauf starben in Hiroshima und Nagasaki mehr als 200 000 Menschen durch die neue ''Wunderwaffe'' - die Menschheit war ins Atomzeitalter eingetreten. Erschuettert von der Zerstoerungskraft seiner Schoepfung, engagierte sich Oppenheimer fortan gegen den Einsatz nuklearer Waffen. Das machte ihn im Amerika der McCarthy-Aera verdaechtig. Er geriet ins Visier des FBI, wurde als Spion der Sowjetunion verleumdet und musste den Staatsdienst quittieren. Sein Privatleben wurde an die Oeffentlichkeit gezerrt, seine Wohnung verwanzt, sein Telefon abgehoert. Erst 1963 rehabilitierte ihn Praesident Kennedy. Ueber dreissig Jahre hinweg haben die Autoren Interviews mit Oppenheimers Angehoerigen, Freunden und Kollegen gefuehrt, FBI-Akten gesichtet, Tonbaender von Reden und Verhoeren

  17. 34 CFR 654.1 - What is the Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship Program...) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ROBERT C. BYRD HONORS SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM General § 654.1 What is the Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship Program? Under the Robert C. Byrd...

  18. Allowable Generalized Quantum Gates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LONG Gui-Lu; LIU Yang; WANG Chuan

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we give the most general duality gates, or generalized quantum gates in duality quantum computers. Here we show by explicit construction that a n-bit duality quantum computer with d slits can be simulated perfectly with an ordinary quantum computer with n qubits and one auxiliary qudit. Using this model, we give the most general form of duality gates which is of the form Σ(d-1)(i=0)piUi, and the Pi's are complex numbers with module less or equal to I and constrained by |Σipi|≤1.

  19. Offense-defense theory analysis of Russian cyber capability

    OpenAIRE

    Medvedev, Sergei A.

    2015-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The Russian Federation is a key state actor in cyberspace; cyber events associated with Russian state and non-state actors have threatened Russia’s neighbors, shaped international cyber norms, as well as influenced strategists’ understanding of cyber power. This thesis seeks to understand Russian cyber capability through the lens of Robert Jervis’s offense-defense theory in order to answer the thesis’s central question: Do Russian cybe...

  20. Blended Learning: The Army’s Future in Education, Training, and Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    Evidence," MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4210-01. (June 2003); Robert Solow , "We’d better watch out," New York Times Book Review, (July 12, 1987), 36...carried on through today with the current Secretary of Defense Robert Gates and addressed in the 2008 National Defense Strategy. Specifically...Light, Paul C. Rumsfeld’s Revolution at Defense, Brookings Policy Brief Series 143. (2005): 2. 6 Robert M. Gates. National Defense Strategy (Washington

  1. Slide Gate Bricks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Jing; Peng Xigao

    2010-01-01

    @@ 1 Scope This standard specifies the classification,shape,dimension,technical requirements,test methods,quality appraisal procedures,packing,marking,transportation,storage,and quality certificate of slide gate bricks.

  2. Obituary: Robert C. Bless (1927 - 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surrounded by his loving family, Robert Charles Bless died at home on November 29th, three days before his 88th birthday. He was born in Ithaca, NY on Dec. 3, 1927 to a Russian father, Arthur Aaron Bless, and a French mother, Eva Chantrell Bless. Bob spent many summers on the family farm in the South of France, where he gained a great pride and joy in his French heritage, large extended family, and mother tongue. As a child growing up in Gainesville, FL, Bob's first job was snake wrangling, earning 10 cents per foot, with an added bonus for the more venomous species. Young Robbie took daily adventures in the Florida woods and swamps, armed only with pockets full of pecans and oranges. He enjoyed spending time at the family's lake cabin, where he learned to sail and helped his father plant acres of trees to grow their timber plantation. As a first generation immigrant, Bob's father received a PhD in physics, which inspired Bob to pursue an extensive educational route in astrophysics. Bob excelled in academics, graduating high school at the age of 16 and the University of Florida (B.Sc.) at 19. His path to graduate school was interrupted by a diagnosis of tuberculosis that forced him into a Florida sanitorium for one year. During this time, Bob made the most of what he described as the most dismal part of life by advocating for patient rights, initiating an inter-sanitorium newsletter, and gaining skills and experience in community organization and leadership - qualities that would later inform his leadership in academe. After being one of the first successfully treated tuberculosis patients in the US, Bob went on to earn a M.Sc. from Cornell University, and received his PhD degree in Astronomy from the University of Michigan in 1958. That same year, Bob joined the staff of the Astronomy Department of the University of Wisconsin (UW), Madison. It was there that Bob met Diane McQueen. Despite Bob's Dodge Dart and what has been described as the worst first date in

  3. ["The piano trio" Robert Schumann, Clara Schumann and Johannes Brahms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albretsen, C S

    1998-12-10

    The relationship between the pianist and composer Clara Schumann and the composers Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms has for a century been an interesting topic. Clara and Robert Schumann both suffered separation from their mothers during early childhood. Johannes Brahms was intensely spoiled by his mother. Robert Schumann needed a structuring wife in his adult life, while Johannes Brahms turned to be afraid of intrusive women. Robert Schumann's psychotic breakdown in February 1854 had a complex background: a hypomanic state, some marital problems, a stressful journey with musical appearances, and possibly a difficulty in differentiating between himself and his new friend Johannes Brahms. As for Clara Schumann, who lost her mother before the age of five, musical activities became her way of overcoming the difficulties of life. She was able to support Robert in his lunatic asylum and their seven children growing up in three separate towns. The chronic diseases of the sons: schizophrenia, polyarthritis and tuberculosis made a deep impression on her and her fingers and hands were periodically immobilised with severe pain. For four decades Johannes was her able "son" and Clara was his "mother", at a safe distance.

  4. Zur Erinnerung an Gustav Robert Kirchhoff / Aufsätze von Robert v Helmholtz, August W. v. Hofmann, Friedrich Pockels und Emil Warburg zusammengestellt von Gabriele Dörflinger

    OpenAIRE

    Helmholtz, Robert von; Hofmann, August Wilhelm von; Pockels, Friedrich; Warburg, Emil

    2014-01-01

    Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (1824-1887) lehrte von 1854 bis 1875 als Physikprofessor an der Heidelberger Universität. Hier entdeckte er 1859/60 gemeinsam mit Robert Wilhelm Bunsen die Spektralanalyse. Die Aufsatzsammlung enthält: 1.) Robert von Helmholtz: Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 2.) August W. Hofmann: Gedächtnisrede auf Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 3.) Friedrich Pockels: Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 4.) Emil Warburg: Zur Erinnerung an Gustav Robert Kirchhoff

  5. Advanced insulated gate bipolar transistor gate drive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, James Evans; West, Shawn Michael; Fabean, Robert J.

    2009-08-04

    A gate drive for an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) includes a control and protection module coupled to a collector terminal of the IGBT, an optical communications module coupled to the control and protection module, a power supply module coupled to the control and protection module and an output power stage module with inputs coupled to the power supply module and the control and protection module, and outputs coupled to a gate terminal and an emitter terminal of the IGBT. The optical communications module is configured to send control signals to the control and protection module. The power supply module is configured to distribute inputted power to the control and protection module. The control and protection module outputs on/off, soft turn-off and/or soft turn-on signals to the output power stage module, which, in turn, supplies a current based on the signal(s) from the control and protection module for charging or discharging an input capacitance of the IGBT.

  6. Obituary: Peter Robert Wilson, 1929-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snodgrass, Herschel B.

    2009-01-01

    It is with great sadness that I report the passing of Peter Robert Wilson, a well-known and well-loved figure in the solar physics community. Peter was on the faculty of the Department of Applied Mathematics at the University of Sydney for 39 years, and Chair of the department for 24 of these years. He was the author or co-author of more than 80 scientific research papers and a book, Solar and Stellar Activity Cycles (1994), published by Cambridge University Press. He died suddenly of a heart attack, at his home in Glebe, Australia, in the early morning of 11 November 2007. Peter was an organizer of, and participant in, many international conferences and workshops. He traveled extensively, holding visiting appointments at the University of Colorado (JILA), at Cambridge University, at the College de France (Paris), and at the California Institute of Technology [CalTech]. Most of his work was in the field of solar physics, but he also did some work on the philosophy of science and on tides. Peter came from a line of mathematicians. His father, Robert Wilson, immigrated to Australia from Glasgow in 1911, and became a mathematics teacher at Scotch College, a private school in Melbourne. There his name was changed to 'Bill' because 'Bob' was already taken." Peter's enjoyment of this story as characteristic of Australian academia (as any fan of Monty Python would understand) is indicative of his infectious sense of humor. In a similar vein, he claimed ancestry traced back to the eighteenth-century Scottish mathematician Alexander Wilson, Professor of Astronomy at the University of Glasgow. That Wilson is famous in the solar physics community for his discovery, known as the "Wilson Effect," of the photospheric depressions associated with sunspots. Peter himself could not resist writing a paper on this subject, and was delighted when the bait was taken by some less-informed colleagues who chided him for "naming an effect after himself." "Bill" Wilson married Naomi

  7. John Bowlby and ethology: an annotated interview with Robert Hinde.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowlby, John

    2007-12-01

    From the 1950s, John Bowlby, one of the founders of attachment theory, was in personal and scientific contact with leading European scientists in the field of ethology (e.g., Niko Tinbergen, Konrad Lorenz, and especially Robert Hinde). In constructing his new theory on the nature of the bond between children and their caregivers, Bowlby profited highly from their new approach to (animal) behavior. Hinde and Tinbergen in their turn were influenced and inspired by Bowlby's new thinking. On the basis of extensive interviews with bowlby's colleague and lifelong friend Robert Hinde and on the basis of archival materials, both the relationship between John Bowlby and Robert Hinde and the cross-fertilization of ethology and attachment theory are described.

  8. 76 FR 55883 - Department of Defense Program for Construction, Renovation, Repair or Expansion of Public Schools...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ....'' OEA is establishing a one-time non-competitive program, as described in this notice, to administer... Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, attention: Russell Roberts, Chief, Logistics Division..., and to structure proposals to take best advantage of other contributions. OEA may waive part or...

  9. Double trisomy (48,XXX,+18) with features of Roberts syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Descartes, M.; Longshore, J.W.; Crawford, E. [Univ. of Alabama, Birmingham, AL (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    We report an infant with double trisomy 48,XXX,+18, who also displayed features of Roberts syndrome. All previously published cases with similar double trisomy have presented with features of trisomy 18 syndrome. The chromosome analysis done at birth revealed the double trisomy; parental chromosomes were normal. The proband presented with microbrachycephaly, unilateral cleft lip and palate, choanal atresia, midfacial capillary hemanioma, thin nares, shallow orbits, malformed ears, sparse hair, hypomelia of the upper limbs, rocker-bottom feet, auricular septal defect and agenesis of the corpus callosum. Characteristic features of Roberts syndrome included hypomelia, midfacial defects, and severe growth deficiency. Among the many different features reported in the literature for patients with trisomy 18 syndrome, the most consistent were growth deficiency, clenched fingers and congenital heart defects (e.g. VSD, ASD, PDA). Although some of our patient`s features such as cleft lip and cleft palate, low-set malformed ears, ASD, defects of the corpus callosum, choanal atresia, radial aplasia could also be seen in trisomy 18 syndrome (in 10-50% of the cases), her phenotype was more typical of Roberts syndrome because of symmetrical hypomelia and midfacial defects. Our patient`s chromosomes did not show premature separation of centromeric heterochromatin, a feature reported to occur in approximately one-half of individuals with Roberts syndrome. Sporadic aneuploidy involving different chromosomes has been found in lymphocyte cultures from some Roberts syndrome patients and is considered by some authors as a mitotic mutant. This aneuploidy is most likely to be chromosome gain. The simultaneous occurrence of trisomy X and 18 is extremely rare with only 11 cases having been reported in the literature. Our patient is unique since she has the double trisomy in addition to the characteristic features of Roberts syndrome.

  10. Obituary: Robert Fleischer, 1918-2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyce, Peter Bradford; Saffell, Mary E.

    2003-12-01

    Robert Fleischer was born 20 August 1918 to Leon and Rose Fleischer in Flushing, NY. He was educated at Harvard, receiving his BS in 1940, MA in 1947, and PhD in 1949. He specialized in geophysics and solar-terrestrial relations. Fleischer joined the faculty at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute advancing from Assistant to Full professor in 1958. As Director of the RPI Observatory, Fleischer attempted to bring modern astronomy to the institutions in the Albany area by procuring the funds to build a radio telescope. He left for the National Science Foundation (NSF) before the observatory was completed. It is a testament to his character that without his enormous energy, organizational, and fundraising abilities, the radio telescope project languished after he left. Fleischer joined the NSF in 1962 as the Program Director for Solar-Terrestrial Research. He was the government-wide Coordinator for the International Quiet Sun Years, and coordinated the 1966 South American Eclipse expeditions. Thereafter, he was appointed Deputy Head of the Office of International Science Activities. Fleischer is most notably remembered as the head of the Astronomy Section at the National Science Foundation. He brought astronomy into its own at NSF and involved the community in a major way through use of advisory committees. He was dedicated to helping the astronomical community understand the funding system, the political environment, and the various factors in how money is allocated. Fleischer truly believed in the concept that scientists should be making the important decisions about their field. He was instrumental in injecting science into the oversight of the National Observatories. Relations with the community say a lot about the man, the complexities of his character, and the forces that drove him. Fleischer was passionate in his beliefs and in his devotion to doing the best for astronomy. His strong approach and belief in himself served him well in many ways, but caused him grief

  11. 77 FR 13571 - Board of Visitors, Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center AGENCY... Language Institute Foreign Language Center. Date: March 21, 2012. Time of Meeting: Approximately 8 a.m. through 4:30 p.m. Please allow extra time for gate security for both days. Location: Defense...

  12. A nanomechanical Fredkin gate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenzler, Josef-Stefan; Dunn, Tyler; Toffoli, Tommaso; Mohanty, Pritiraj

    2014-01-08

    Irreversible logic operations inevitably discard information, setting fundamental limitations on the flexibility and the efficiency of modern computation. To circumvent the limit imposed by the von Neumann-Landauer (VNL) principle, an important objective is the development of reversible logic gates, as proposed by Fredkin, Toffoli, Wilczek, Feynman, and others. Here, we present a novel nanomechanical logic architecture for implementing a Fredkin gate, a universal logic gate from which any reversible computation can be built. In addition to verifying the truth table, we demonstrate operation of the device as an AND, OR, NOT, and FANOUT gate. Excluding losses due to resonator dissipation and transduction, which will require significant improvement in order to minimize the overall energy cost, our device requires an energy of order 10(4) kT per logic operation, similar in magnitude to state-of-the-art transistor-based technologies. Ultimately, reversible nanomechanical logic gates could play a crucial role in developing highly efficient reversible computers, with implications for efficient error correction and quantum computing.

  13. The Gates at Pipe Spring National Monument, Arizona (gates)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This is an Arc/Info coverage consisting of 7 points representing gates at Pipe Spring National Monument, Arizona. The gates were collected by a Trimble GeoXT GPS...

  14. Amplifying genetic logic gates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnet, Jerome; Yin, Peter; Ortiz, Monica E; Subsoontorn, Pakpoom; Endy, Drew

    2013-05-03

    Organisms must process information encoded via developmental and environmental signals to survive and reproduce. Researchers have also engineered synthetic genetic logic to realize simpler, independent control of biological processes. We developed a three-terminal device architecture, termed the transcriptor, that uses bacteriophage serine integrases to control the flow of RNA polymerase along DNA. Integrase-mediated inversion or deletion of DNA encoding transcription terminators or a promoter modulates transcription rates. We realized permanent amplifying AND, NAND, OR, XOR, NOR, and XNOR gates actuated across common control signal ranges and sequential logic supporting autonomous cell-cell communication of DNA encoding distinct logic-gate states. The single-layer digital logic architecture developed here enables engineering of amplifying logic gates to control transcription rates within and across diverse organisms.

  15. Pealesunnitud võlgnevustunne paneb ostma / Robert B. Cialdini

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cialdini, Robert B.

    2005-01-01

    Autor analüüsib, miks inimene ostab seda, mida ta tegelikult ei vaja. Mõjustamistehnikad ja nõuanded, kuidas tulla toime manipuleerijatega. Katkendeid Robert B. Cialdini raamatust "Mõjustamise psühholoogia. Teooria ja praktika". Vt. samas: Vastupandamatu boss

  16. Our Western Heritage: An Interview with Robert George

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iannone, Carol

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Robert George, who holds Princeton's celebrated McCormick Chair in Jurisprudence and is the founding director of the James Madison Program. George has served on the President's Council on Bioethics and as a presidential appointee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights. He is also a member of the…

  17. Robert E. Lee, George Peabody, and Sectional Reunion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Franklin

    1994-01-01

    Discusses an 1869 meeting between George Peabody, educational philanthropist, and Robert E. Lee. The meeting focused public attention on the Peabody Education Fund and the South's educational plight. Significant measures of educational efforts in the South are directly attributable to several informal meetings centered around Peabody and Lee…

  18. Robert Bostrom's Contribution to Listening in Organizational Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownell, Judi

    2013-01-01

    Robert Bostrom has not only left a listening legacy, but he was also a pioneer in the larger discipline of communication. Bostrom was one of the first scholars to focus on the dynamics of interpersonal contexts, thereby directly contributing to the transition of our field from "speech" to "communication." Early on he recognized the importance of…

  19. A Pedagogy of Sight: Microscopic Vision in Robert Hooke's "Micrographia"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jack, Jordynn

    2009-01-01

    Robert Hooke's "Micrographia" (1665) holds an important place in the history of scientific visual rhetoric. Hooke's accomplishment lies not only in a stunning array of engravings, but also in a "pedagogy of sight"--a rhetorical framework that instructs readers how to view images in accordance with an ideological or epistemic program. Hooke not…

  20. Robert De Niro esitles Cannes'is uut filmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Pühapäeval esitleti väljaspool võistlusprogrammi USA režissööri Barry Levinsoni filmi Robert De Niroga peaosas "What Just Happened". Mõlemad andsid ka pressikonverentsi. Vaatenurga preemia sai Kasahstani režissöör Sergei Dvortsevoi filmi "Tulp" ("Tjulpan") eest

  1. Zombilood / Robert Kirkman ; intervjueerinud Margit Tõnson, Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirkman, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Režissöör George A. Romero kultusfilmid zombidest "Elavate surnute öö", "Surnute koidik", "Surnute päev" jpt. on inspiratsiooniks koomiksikirjutaja Robert Kirklandile. Režissöör Frank Darabont on teinud tema tuntuimast koomiksiseeriast "The Walking Dead" teleseriaali "Kõndivad surnud". Zombiteema kasvavast populaarsusest ning intervjuu koomiksikirjutajaga

  2. Commentary of Wind and Window Flower by Robert Frost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊

    2011-01-01

    Wind and Window Flower is a special metaphorical love poem by Robert Frost. This tale of love actually presents a love journey of temptation, excitement, and disappointment. This paper tries to analysis the poem from the perspective of the sound of the poetry, the metro and rhyme, the conceptual and rhetorical.

  3. Een oneindig boek (de man zonder eigenschappen van Robert Musil)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreurs, M.

    2007-01-01

    In een van de Norton Lectures die de Italiaanse schrijver Italo Calvino in het jaar 1985-1986 op de Harvard University zou gaan houden, worden Robert Musil, Carlo Emilio Gadda, Marcel Proust en James Joyce genoemd als auteurs die romans hebben geschreven die onvoltooid zijn gebleven, omdat deze aute

  4. Robert Grosseteste's thought on Light and Form of the World

    CERN Document Server

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2014-01-01

    Robert Grosseteste was one of the most prominent thinkers of the Thirteenth Century. Philosopher and scientist, he proposed a metaphysics based on the propagation of light. In this framework, he gave a cosmology too. Here we will discuss the treatise where Grosseteste proposed it, that entitled 'De luce, seu de incohatione formarum', 'On Light and the Beginning of Forms'.

  5. Conceptualising Childhood: Robert Louis Stevenson's "A Child's Garden of Verses."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Jean

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the construct of childhood in Robert Louis Stevenson's collection of poems, "A Child's Garden of Verses," by employing notions of child development drawn from Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Finds, from a literary perspective, Stevenson's collection located on the boundaries of romanticism and modernism. (BT)

  6. Robert E. Lee's Demand for the Surrender of John Brown

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rulli, Daniel F.

    2004-01-01

    The featured document that is the main topic of this article, Robert E. Lee's Demand for the Surrender of John Brown and his Party [at Harpers Ferry], October 18, 1859, is from the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s-1917; Record Group 94, and is in the holdings of the National Archives. As a part of "Teaching with…

  7. Zombilood / Robert Kirkman ; intervjueerinud Margit Tõnson, Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirkman, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Režissöör George A. Romero kultusfilmid zombidest "Elavate surnute öö", "Surnute koidik", "Surnute päev" jpt. on inspiratsiooniks koomiksikirjutaja Robert Kirklandile. Režissöör Frank Darabont on teinud tema tuntuimast koomiksiseeriast "The Walking Dead" teleseriaali "Kõndivad surnud". Zombiteema kasvavast populaarsusest ning intervjuu koomiksikirjutajaga

  8. Robert Spitzer and psychiatric classification: technical challenges and ethical dilemmas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, K S

    2016-01-01

    Dr Robert Leopold Spitzer (May 22, 1932-December 25, 2015), the architect of modern psychiatric diagnostic criteria and classification, died recently at the age of 83 in Seattle. Under his leadership, the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manuals (DSM) became the international standard.

  9. Stylistic Analysis of the Road Not Taken by Robert Frost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋庆

    2014-01-01

    The Road Not Taken is one of the famous poems created by Robert Frost, a celebrated poet in American modern literature. With the reference to the stylistic theory, the author of this paper will analyze respectively the sound patterning, grapheme, lexicon, syntax of the poem.

  10. Measuring What Matters: Robert Sternberg's Enlightened Approach to Admissions Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Catherine O'Neill

    2011-01-01

    Psychologist Robert J. Sternberg's conviction that American standardized testing does not accurately reflect a child's intelligence or potential is far from theoretical. As an elementary school student in the 1950s, he scored poorly on the ubiquitous IQ test of the time, freezing up when the school psychologist entered the room. Thankfully for…

  11. Conceptualising Childhood: Robert Louis Stevenson's "A Child's Garden of Verses."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Jean

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the construct of childhood in Robert Louis Stevenson's collection of poems, "A Child's Garden of Verses," by employing notions of child development drawn from Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Finds, from a literary perspective, Stevenson's collection located on the boundaries of romanticism and modernism. (BT)

  12. Encounter with death: The thought of Robert Jay Lifton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lageman, A G

    1987-12-01

    Robert Jay Lifton begins his work in the psychosocial framework that he takes over from Erik Erikson. Lifton's thought is based upon a central paradigm-"death and the continuity of life." Lifton makes important contributions with his five modes of symbolic immortality and with his investigation of the psychological themes in survivors. The origins and limits of Lifton's thought are critically examined.

  13. Robert Michels (1876-1936), Political Sociologist and Economist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Franklin

    A biographical sketch of Robert Michels (1876-1936), a political sociologist and economist who taught in Germany, Switzerland, Italy, and the United States is presented. In his best known work, "Political Parties: A Sociological Study of Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy," he put forth his "iron law of oligarchy"…

  14. The Inharmonious Conflicts in Robert Frost’s Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨苗

    2015-01-01

    Robert Frost is one of the most distinguished poets,most of his poems are about the inharmonious relationship between nature and men,Conflicts are like a "thread" appearing in his poems.Frost’s true philosophy on men and life contributes to his wisdom and artistic poems.Frost tries to illustrate the conflict between nature and men in philosophy concern.

  15. 77 FR 64506 - Robert D. Willis Hydropower Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-22

    ... Southwestern Power Administration Robert D. Willis Hydropower Rate AGENCY: Southwestern Power Administration... Douglas Willis Hydropower Project (Willis) pursuant to the Willis Rate Schedule which supersedes the.... Willis Hydropower Project Rate ) Rate Order No. SWPA-64 ORDER CONFIRMING, APPROVING AND PLACING INCREASED...

  16. Paul Robert Wendt: Programmed Instruction and Visual Literacy Pioneer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, David M.; Bedient, Douglas

    2000-01-01

    Provides a profile of Paul Robert Wendt who was interested in using technology to teach students how to succeed in higher education by improving library and information skills. Highlights include his educational background; work in films; teaching in higher education at Southern Illinois University (SIU); work in programmed instruction and visual…

  17. Stylistic Analysis of Robert Browning's Poem "Patriot into Traitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Mumtaz; Irshad, Ayesha

    2015-01-01

    The stylistic analysis of Robert Browning's poem "Patriot into Traitor" is done by using graphological, phonological, morphological and lexico-syntactic patterns. This analysis is helpful in decoding the underlying meanings of the poem. It clearly brings to surface what the poet really wants to impart.

  18. Cytogenetic diagnosis of Roberts SC phocomelia syndrome: First ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tahir M. Malla

    2015-07-14

    Jul 14, 2015 ... John Roberts in a male child bearing cleft lip and tetrapho- comelia [1]. Later, in four ... lip and palate, micrognathia and short neck. She had severe ... cemid treatment 2h prior to the hypotonic shock with. 0.57M KCl solution.

  19. The Improbable Adventures of an American Scholar: Robert K. Merton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Ruth W.

    1995-01-01

    Presents an affectionate portrait of the 84-year-old sociologist and renaissance man, Robert K. Merton. Merton's publications studied topics as diverse as historical scientific inquiry and contemporary racism. Not the least of his accomplishments was the creation of the focus group interview and the concept of self-fulfilling prophecy. (MJP)

  20. Education and Utopia: Robert Owen and Charles Fourier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leopold, David

    2011-01-01

    The aims of education, and the appropriate means of realising them, are a recurring preoccupation of utopian authors. The utopian socialists Robert Owen (1771-1858) and Charles Fourier (1772-1837) both place human nature at the core of their educational views, and both see education as central to their wider objective of social and political…

  1. Wikinews interviews World Wide Web co-inventor Robert Cailliau

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    "The name Robert Caillau may not ring a bell to the general pbulic, but his invention is the reason why you are reading this: Dr. Cailliau together with his colleague Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web, making the internet accessible so it could grow from an academic tool to a mass communication medium." (9 pages)

  2. EDITORIAL: Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2011 Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherry, Simon; Ruffle, Jon

    2012-08-01

    The publishers of Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB), IOP Publishing, in association with the journal owners, the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM), jointly award an annual prize for the best paper published in PMB during the previous year. The procedure for deciding the winner is a two-stage process. First, a shortlist of contenders is drawn up based on those papers that had the best referees' quality assessments, with a further quality check and endorsement by the Editorial Board. The papers on the shortlist are then reviewed by a specially convened IPEM committee consisting of members with fellow status. This committee reads the shortlisted papers and selects the winner. We have much pleasure in advising readers that the Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2011 is awarded to Matthew Hough et al from the University of Florida, the Francis Marion University and the National Cancer Institute, USA for their paper on a comprehensive electron dosimetry model of skeletal tissues in the adult male: An image-based skeletal dosimetry model for the ICRP reference adult male—internal electron sources 2011 Phys. Med. Biol. 56 2309 Matthew Hough1, Perry Johnson1, Didier Rajon2, Derek Jokisch3, Choonsik Lee4 and Wesley Bolch1,5 1Department of Nuclear and Radiological Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA 2Department of Neurosurgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA 3Department of Physics and Astronomy, Francis Marion University, Florence, SC, USA 4Radiation Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA 5Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA Bone marrow is one of the more radiosensitive tissues in the human body and is housed within a complex structure of bone. This paper describes a comprehensive model of energy deposition by internal electron or beta particle emitters for the ICRP reference adult male based upon ex vivo CT and microCT images of

  3. Robert Putnam : miks peaksime naabritega rohkem rääkima? / Robert Putnam ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Putnam, Robert

    2006-01-01

    26. mail Tallinnas toimuva Avatud Ühiskonna Foorumi peaesineja, Harvardi Ülikooli professor väidab, et mida paremini tuntakse oma naabreid, mida aktiivsemalt osaletakse kohalikus elus ning mida rohkem inimesed omavahel suhtlevad, seda paremaks ja turvalisemaks muutub nende elukeskkond. Lisad: Robert Putnam (sünd 1941); Kuidas kasvatada sotsiaalset kapitali?

  4. Robert Putnam : miks peaksime naabritega rohkem rääkima? / Robert Putnam ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Putnam, Robert

    2006-01-01

    26. mail Tallinnas toimuva Avatud Ühiskonna Foorumi peaesineja, Harvardi Ülikooli professor väidab, et mida paremini tuntakse oma naabreid, mida aktiivsemalt osaletakse kohalikus elus ning mida rohkem inimesed omavahel suhtlevad, seda paremaks ja turvalisemaks muutub nende elukeskkond. Lisad: Robert Putnam (sünd 1941); Kuidas kasvatada sotsiaalset kapitali?

  5. Scanning Gate Spectroscopy on Nanoclusters

    OpenAIRE

    Gurevich, L.; Canali, L.; Kouwenhoven, L.P.

    1999-01-01

    A gated probe for scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) has been developed. The probe extends normal STM operations by means of an additional electrode fabricated next to the tunnelling tip. The extra electrode does not make contact with the sample and can be used as a gate. We report on the recipe used for fabricating the tunnelling tip and the gate electrode on a silicon nitride cantilever. We demonstrate the functioning of the scanning gate probes by performing single-electron tunnelling sp...

  6. Stanford, Duke, Rice,... and Gates?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an open letter to Bill Gates. In his letter, the author suggests that Bill Gates should build a brand-new university, a great 21st-century institution of higher learning. This university will be unlike anything the world has ever seen. He asks Bill Gates not to stop helping existing colleges create the higher-education system…

  7. Stanford, Duke, Rice,... and Gates?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an open letter to Bill Gates. In his letter, the author suggests that Bill Gates should build a brand-new university, a great 21st-century institution of higher learning. This university will be unlike anything the world has ever seen. He asks Bill Gates not to stop helping existing colleges create the higher-education system…

  8. The four-gate transistor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mojarradi, M. M.; Cristoveanu, S.; Allibert, F.; France, G.; Blalock, B.; Durfrene, B.

    2002-01-01

    The four-gate transistor or G4-FET combines MOSFET and JFET principles in a single SOI device. Experimental results reveal that each gate can modulate the drain current. Numerical simulations are presented to clarify the mechanisms of operation. The new device shows enhanced functionality, due to the combinatorial action of the four gates, and opens rather revolutionary applications.

  9. 76 FR 20033 - Robert Charles Ley, D.O. ; Dismissal of Proceeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-11

    ... Enforcement Administration Robert Charles Ley, D.O. ; Dismissal of Proceeding On September 28, 2009, I, the... Immediate Suspension of Registration (``Order'') to Robert Charles Ley, D.O. (Respondent), of Kihei, Hawaii... Order to Show Cause and Immediate Suspension of Registration issued to Robert Charles Ley, D.O, be,...

  10. Lahkunud maailmaparandaja Robert Lepikson jäi igavesti otsijaks / Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2006-01-01

    Ülevaade riigikogu liikme, endise siseministri, Tallinna linnapea ja Võru maavanema Robert Lepiksoni elukäigust, meenutused tuntud ühiskonnategelastelt. Lisad: Robert Lepikson; Kõva sõnaga mees. Vt. samas: Turvavaatleja vastutusrikas töö viimasel rallil; Ivar Raidam: Lepiksoni panus autosporti oli tohutu; Hans H. Luik: Respect, Robert!

  11. Lahkunud maailmaparandaja Robert Lepikson jäi igavesti otsijaks / Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2006-01-01

    Ülevaade riigikogu liikme, endise siseministri, Tallinna linnapea ja Võru maavanema Robert Lepiksoni elukäigust, meenutused tuntud ühiskonnategelastelt. Lisad: Robert Lepikson; Kõva sõnaga mees. Vt. samas: Turvavaatleja vastutusrikas töö viimasel rallil; Ivar Raidam: Lepiksoni panus autosporti oli tohutu; Hans H. Luik: Respect, Robert!

  12. 76 FR 48898 - Robert Leigh Kale, M.D., Decision and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... Enforcement Administration Robert Leigh Kale, M.D., Decision and Order On September 9, 2010, the Deputy... Show Cause to Robert Leigh Kale, M.D. (Registrant), of Fort Smith, Arkansas. ] The Show Cause Order....100(b) and 0.104, I order that DEA Certificate of Registration, BK9514375, issued to Robert Leigh...

  13. High permittivity gate dielectric materials

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    "The book comprehensively covers all the current and the emerging areas of the physics and the technology of high permittivity gate dielectric materials, including, topics such as MOSFET basics and characteristics, hafnium-based gate dielectric materials, Hf-based gate dielectric processing, metal gate electrodes, flat-band and threshold voltage tuning, channel mobility, high-k gate stack degradation and reliability, lanthanide-based high-k gate stack materials, ternary hafnia and lanthania based high-k gate stack films, crystalline high-k oxides, high mobility substrates, and parameter extraction. Each chapter begins with the basics necessary for understanding the topic, followed by a comprehensive review of the literature, and ultimately graduating to the current status of the technology and our scientific understanding and the future prospects."

  14. Antes de los Estudios Culturales. Robert Warshow y la experiencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Lastra

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia la influencia del concepto de experiencia que desarrolla Robert Warshow. Warshow ha supuesto el contrapunto americano a las teorías desarrolladas por Walter Benjamien en Europa. Si bien ambos insistieron en la pobreza de la experiencia, como resultado de la tecnificación de la sociedad, Warshow supo introducir matizaciones que influyeron en todo el círculo de intelectuales concentrados en Nueva York durante la etapa de consolidación de los Estudios Culturales. This paper studies the influence of the experience concept by Robert Warshow. Warshow is the American counterpoint to theories developed by Walter Benjamin in Europe. Although both insisted in the poverty of experience, as a result of technique, Warshow knew how to introduce nuances that influenced intellectuals in New York as Cultural Studies emerged.

  15. Transitioning Natures: Robert Schuller’s Garden Grove Experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Petrov

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Through the lens of Evangelist Reverend Robert H. Schuller’s Garden Grove drive-in walk-in church, this paper aims to exemplify how his architecture has transcended existing geographies that have long been anchored by the epistemology of what can be referred to as traditional “religious” architecture. This paper examines how Schuller instrumentalized broader imbrications of political contexts to change or manipulate the traditional religious subject. It also presents how Robert Schuller’s Garden Grove experiment reconceptualized “territory” as an evolving ideological dimension; not as a trajectory, or as transitory space, but as inhabitable third nature. My analysis challenges established readings of religious architecture as being interiorized manifestations. To do so, it poses the following questions: how does this meta-geographical dimension shed new light on questions of (traditional architectural aesthetics in Protestant architecture? What spaces and politics does it produce? Does the third nature have a history of its own?

  16. Robert Aymar receives one of the highest Finnish distinctions

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    On 9 December 2008 Robert Aymar, CERN Director-General, was awarded the decoration of Commander, first class, of the Order of the Lion of Finland by the President of the Republic of Finland. This decoration, one of the highest of Finland, was presented in a ceremony by the Ambassador Hannu Himanen, Permanent Representative of Finland to the UN and other international organisations in Geneva. Robert Aymar was honoured for his service to CERN, the LHC, his role in the cooperation between Finland and CERN, as well as his contribution to science in general. In his speech the ambassador underlined CERN’s efforts in the field of education, mentioning the High school teachers programme.

  17. Perfil académico del profesor robert a. mundell

    OpenAIRE

    Ciencias de Suecia Academia Real de

    2009-01-01

    Robert A. Mundell es Profesor de Economía de la Universidad de Culumbia en Nueva York de 1974. Despues de estudiar en el MIT y en la Escuela de Economía de Londres, recibio su Ph.D en el MIT en 1956. Obtuvo la Beca Postdoctoral en Economía Politica en la Universidad de Chicago en 1956-1957.

  18. Robert J. Aumann - matemaatikust Nobeli preemia laureaat / Peeter Puusemp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusemp, Peeter, 1947-

    2006-01-01

    2005. a. Nobeli preemia majanduse alal silmapaistva panuse eest mänguteooria ülesannete lahendamisse saanud Robert J. Aumannist ja D. Saari loetelu matemaatikutest - Nobeli preemia laureaatidest: John Nash'ist, Herbert Hauptman'ist, John Pople'ist, Bertrand Arthur William Russell'ist, Kenneth Joseph Arrow'ist, Gerard Debreu'ist, Leonid Vitaljevitš Kantorovitš'ist, Reinhard Selten'ist, Jan Tinbergen'ist

  19. Introduction : L'étendue des travaux de Robert Buijtenhuis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Binsbergen, van W.M.J.; Konings, P.J.J.; Binsbergen, van W.M.J.; Hesseling, G.S.C.M.

    2000-01-01

    Cet ouvrage présente onze contributions rédigées par des africanistes qui ont collaboré étroitement avec l'anthropologue politique néerlandais Robert Buijtenhuijs et ont été influencés par ses travaux et sa personnalité. Le livre est un hommage à un auteur qui a été productif dans beaucoup de

  20. Drawings of fossils by Robert Hooke and Richard Waller

    OpenAIRE

    Kusukawa, Sachiko

    2013-01-01

    The drawings of fossils by Robert Hooke and Richard Waller that were the basis of the engravings in Hooke's Posthumous works (1705) are published here for the first time. The drawings show that both Hooke and Waller were proficient draftsmen with a keen eye for the details of petrified objects. These drawings provided Hooke with a polemic edge in making the case for the organic origins of ‘figured stones’.

  1. Hooke's figurations: a figural drawing attributed to Robert Hooke

    OpenAIRE

    Hunter, Matthew C.

    2010-01-01

    The experimental philosopher Robert Hooke (1635–1703) is known to have apprenticed to the leading painter Peter Lely on his first arrival in London in the late 1640s. Yet the relevance of Hooke's artistic training to his mature draughtsmanship and identity has remained unclear. Shedding light on that larger interpretive problem, this article argues for the attribution to Hooke of a figural drawing now in Tate Britain (T10678). This attributed drawing is especially interesting because it depic...

  2. Robert Willis and the rise of architectural history

    OpenAIRE

    Buchanan, A. C.

    1994-01-01

    This thesis is an examination of the contribution of the English scholar, Robert Willis (1800-1875) to the discipline of architectural history. Willis's writings are set within a context of nineteenth-century antiquarian scholarship and their methodology and conclusions explored and evaluated. the work i not treated as a conventional biography, for reasons given in the Introduction, but divided into sections dealing with the different types of work produced by Wilils. chapter One examines Wil...

  3. Robert Frost and his Poem The Way not Taken

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓珊

    2006-01-01

    Robert Frost is one of the most celebrated poets in America as well in the world. This article mainly concerned about his life, the subject matter of Frost' s poems and his writing style. Particularly, the article makes a detailed analysis of his poem "the road not taken which is the typical of the poet' s style and relate the poem with the whole life of Frost.

  4. Robert J. Aumann - matemaatikust Nobeli preemia laureaat / Peeter Puusemp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusemp, Peeter, 1947-

    2006-01-01

    2005. a. Nobeli preemia majanduse alal silmapaistva panuse eest mänguteooria ülesannete lahendamisse saanud Robert J. Aumannist ja D. Saari loetelu matemaatikutest - Nobeli preemia laureaatidest: John Nash'ist, Herbert Hauptman'ist, John Pople'ist, Bertrand Arthur William Russell'ist, Kenneth Joseph Arrow'ist, Gerard Debreu'ist, Leonid Vitaljevitš Kantorovitš'ist, Reinhard Selten'ist, Jan Tinbergen'ist

  5. Robert K. Merton (4 July 1910 - 23 February 2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holton, Gerald

    2004-12-01

    Robert K. Merton, one of the greatest sociologists of our time, and the doyen of the sociology of science, died in Manhattan on 23 February 2003, at the age of ninety-two. He was an exemplary discipline-builder who formulated key concepts with which to perceive and solve sociological problems, a masterful teacher, and a kind colleague. His passing left a large void in the intellectual world of social science.

  6. Perfil académico del profesor Robert A. Mundell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciencias de Suecia Academia Real de

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Robert A. Mundell es Profesor de Economía de la Universidad de Culumbia en Nueva York de 1974. Despues de estudiar en el MIT y en la Escuela de Economía de Londres, recibio su Ph.D en el MIT en 1956. Obtuvo la Beca Postdoctoral en Economía Politica en la Universidad de Chicago en 1956-1957.

  7. Expanding the mutation and clinical spectrum of Roberts syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afifi, Hanan H; Abdel-Salam, Ghada M H; Eid, Maha M; Tosson, Angie M S; Shousha, Wafaa Gh; Abdel Azeem, Amira A; Farag, Mona K; Mehrez, Mennat I; Gaber, Khaled R

    2016-07-01

    Roberts syndrome and SC phocomelia syndrome are rare autosomal recessive genetic disorders representing the extremes of the spectrum of severity of the same condition, caused by mutations in ESCO2 gene. We report three new patients with Roberts syndrome from three unrelated consanguineous Egyptian families. All patients presented with growth retardation, mesomelic shortening of the limbs more in the upper than in the lower limbs and microcephaly. Patients were subjected to clinical, cytogenetic and radiologic examinations. Cytogenetic analysis showed the characteristic premature separation of centromeres and puffing of heterochromatic regions. Further, sequencing of the ESCO2 gene identified a novel mutation c.244_245dupCT (p.T83Pfs*20) in one family besides two previously reported mutations c.760_761insA (p.T254Nfs*27) and c.764_765delTT (p.F255Cfs*25). All mutations were in homozygous state, in exon 3. The severity of the mesomelic shortening of the limbs and craniofacial anomalies showed variability among patients. Interestingly, patient 1 had abnormal skin hypopigmentation. Serial fetal ultrasound examinations and measurements of long bones diagnosed two affected fetuses in two of the studied families. A literature review and case comparison was performed. In conclusion, we report a novel ESCO2 mutation and expand the clinical spectrum of Roberts syndrome.

  8. Recognizing plant defense priming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez-Medina, A.; Flors, V.; Heil, M.; Mauch-Mani, B.; Pieterse, C.M.J.; Pozo, M.J.; Ton, J.; Van Dam, N.M.; Conrath, U.

    2016-01-01

    Defense priming conditions diverse plant species for the superinduction of defense, often resulting in enhanced pest and disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance. Here, we propose a guideline that might assist the plant research community in a consistent assessment of defense priming in plant

  9. Noise Gating Solar Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeForest, Craig; Seaton, Daniel B.; Darnell, John A.

    2017-08-01

    I present and demonstrate a new, general purpose post-processing technique, "3D noise gating", that can reduce image noise by an order of magnitude or more without effective loss of spatial or temporal resolution in typical solar applications.Nearly all scientific images are, ultimately, limited by noise. Noise can be direct Poisson "shot noise" from photon counting effects, or introduced by other means such as detector read noise. Noise is typically represented as a random variable (perhaps with location- or image-dependent characteristics) that is sampled once per pixel or once per resolution element of an image sequence. Noise limits many aspects of image analysis, including photometry, spatiotemporal resolution, feature identification, morphology extraction, and background modeling and separation.Identifying and separating noise from image signal is difficult. The common practice of blurring in space and/or time works because most image "signal" is concentrated in the low Fourier components of an image, while noise is evenly distributed. Blurring in space and/or time attenuates the high spatial and temporal frequencies, reducing noise at the expense of also attenuating image detail. Noise-gating exploits the same property -- "coherence" -- that we use to identify features in images, to separate image features from noise.Processing image sequences through 3-D noise gating results in spectacular (more than 10x) improvements in signal-to-noise ratio, while not blurring bright, resolved features in either space or time. This improves most types of image analysis, including feature identification, time sequence extraction, absolute and relative photometry (including differential emission measure analysis), feature tracking, computer vision, correlation tracking, background modeling, cross-scale analysis, visual display/presentation, and image compression.I will introduce noise gating, describe the method, and show examples from several instruments (including SDO

  10. A quantum Fredkin gate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Raj B; Ho, Joseph; Ferreyrol, Franck; Ralph, Timothy C; Pryde, Geoff J

    2016-03-01

    Minimizing the resources required to build logic gates into useful processing circuits is key to realizing quantum computers. Although the salient features of a quantum computer have been shown in proof-of-principle experiments, difficulties in scaling quantum systems have made more complex operations intractable. This is exemplified in the classical Fredkin (controlled-SWAP) gate for which, despite theoretical proposals, no quantum analog has been realized. By adding control to the SWAP unitary, we use photonic qubit logic to demonstrate the first quantum Fredkin gate, which promises many applications in quantum information and measurement. We implement example algorithms and generate the highest-fidelity three-photon Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states to date. The technique we use allows one to add a control operation to a black-box unitary, something that is impossible in the standard circuit model. Our experiment represents the first use of this technique to control a two-qubit operation and paves the way for larger controlled circuits to be realized efficiently.

  11. Politics and Procurement: The Clast Between Local Interest and Strategic Imperative in U.S. Defense Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    of the House of Representatives are authorized no more than 18 permanent staff members whose salary is paid utilizing the Members’ Representational ...Dwight Eisenhower set aside $137 million for the Nike- Zeus missile system. And John Kennedy, on the advice of Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara

  12. An Architecture for the Electronic Church: Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubiak, Margaret M

    2016-04-01

    More than a university, Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, Oklahoma, was also the headquarters for evangelist Oral Roberts's electronic church. The electronic church in America, dominated by Christian evangelicals, used technology to spread the Gospel over radio airways and television signals to a dispersed audience. Yet evangelicals like Roberts also constructed ambitious campuses in real space and time. The architecture of Oral Roberts University visualized a modern and "populuxe" image for the electronic church in the 1960s and 1970s. The university's Prayer Tower purposely alluded to the Seattle Space Needle, aligning religion and the Space Age, and the campus's white, gold, and black color palette on late modern buildings created an image of aspirational luxury, conveying Roberts's health and wealth gospel. Oral Roberts University served as a sound stage for Roberts's radio and television shows, a pilgrimage point for his audience, and a university dedicated to training evangelicals in the electronic church.

  13. The Aspiring Adept: Robert Boyle and His Alchemical Quest (Lawrence M. Principe)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovac, Jeffrey

    1999-10-01

    Robert Boyle is widely regarded as the Father of Modern Chemistry, who broke once and for all from the irrational, misguided alchemy that preceded him. One of the goals of this carefully researched and argued new book by Lawrence M. Principe, Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemistry and the Institute for the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology at The Johns Hopkins University, is to refute the two errors in this characterization of Boyle and to understand his life, thought, and work in the intellectual and social context of his time. This book is not for the casual reader; it is a detailed scholarly treatise in the history of science, but it provides a fresh and interesting perspective on Boyle and on the development of chemistry in the 17th century. Boyle is usually characterized as a modern scientist and his most famous book, The Skeptical Chymist, as a critique of traditional alchemy. Principe demonstrates that this characterization is based on a selective and sometimes incorrect reading of Boyle's works. Like Newton, Boyle was deeply involved in traditional transmutational alchemy, reading the works of other alchemists, performing experiments, and even witnessing transmutations. Alchemy, however, was not a monolith and Boyle adhered to what Principe tentatively identifies as a uniquely English school of supernatural alchemy. According to Principe, The Skeptical Chymist was mainly a criticism of the Paracelsians interested in chemical medicine rather than a defense of what we would now regard as modern chemistry. To further support his characterization of Boyle and to better reveal Boyle's involvement in alchemyparticularly the transmutation of base metals to gold, termed chrysopoeiaPrincipe has reconstructed from some 20 fragments one of Boyle's alchemical manuscripts, his Dialogue on the Transmutation of Metals. The full text of this lost work is included as Appendix 1. Two other primary sources, Interview Accounts of Transmutations and

  14. Impact of gate geometry on ionic liquid gated ionotronic systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, A. T.; Noh, J. H.; Pudasaini, P. R.; Wolf, B.; Balke, N.; Herklotz, A.; Sharma, Y.; Haglund, A. V.; Dai, S.; Mandrus, D.; Rack, P. D.; Ward, T. Z.

    2017-04-01

    Ionic liquid electrolytes are gaining widespread application as a gate dielectric used to control ion transport in functional materials. This letter systematically examines the important influence that device geometry in standard "side gate" 3-terminal geometries plays in device performance of a well-known oxygen ion conductor. We show that the most influential component of device design is the ratio between the area of the gate electrode and the active channel, while the spacing between these components and their individual shapes has a negligible contribution. These findings provide much needed guidance in device design intended for ionotronic gating with ionic liquids.

  15. Conferencias a la Memoria de la Dra. Lydia J. Roberts 1967, 1969-1973 (Conferences in Memory of Dr. Lydia J. Roberts 1967, 1969-1973).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puerto Rico Univ., Rio Piedras.

    This publication includes eleven lectures presented as part of a conference given honoring Dr. Lydia J. Roberts. Seven of the papers are written in the English language and four in Spanish. Most of the papers relate to the topic of nutrition, but a few pay tribute to Dr. Roberts in recognition of her distinguished leadership and teacher of human…

  16. Gate complexity using Dynamic Programming

    OpenAIRE

    Sridharan, Srinivas; Gu, Mile; James, Matthew R.

    2008-01-01

    The relationship between efficient quantum gate synthesis and control theory has been a topic of interest in the quantum control literature. Motivated by this work, we describe in the present article how the dynamic programming technique from optimal control may be used for the optimal synthesis of quantum circuits. We demonstrate simulation results on an example system on SU(2), to obtain plots related to the gate complexity and sample paths for different logic gates.

  17. Localizing a gate in CFTR

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Xiaolong; Hwang, Tzyh-Chang

    2015-01-01

    Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), albeit a bona fide member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily, is an ATP-gated chloride channel. However, phylogenetic analysis has led to a popular conjecture that CFTR evolves from a primordial ABC exporter by simply degenerating the cytoplasmic gate. This degraded transporter hypothesis predicts that CFTR’s gate is located at the external end of the substrate translocation pathway as the one documented in the...

  18. GATE TYPE SELECTION BASED ON FUZZY MAPPING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Gate type selection is very important for mould design. Improper gate type may lead to poor product quality and low production efficiency. Although numerical simulation approach could be used to optimize gate location, the determination of gate type is still up to designers' experience. A novel method for selecting gate type based on fuzzy logic is proposed. The proposed methodology follows three steps:Design requirements for gate is extracted and generalized; Possible gate types (design schemes) are presented; The fuzzy mapping relationship between gate design requirements and gate design scheme is established based on fuzzy composition and fuzzy relation transition matrices that are assigned by domain experts.

  19. Expert Oracle GoldenGate

    CERN Document Server

    Prusinski, Ben; Chung, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Expert Oracle GoldenGate is a hands-on guide to creating and managing complex data replication environments using the latest in database replication technology from Oracle. GoldenGate is the future in replication technology from Oracle, and aims to be best-of-breed. GoldenGate supports homogeneous replication between Oracle databases. It supports heterogeneous replication involving other brands such as Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2 Universal Server. GoldenGate is high-speed, bidirectional, highly-parallelized, and makes only a light impact on the performance of databases involved in replica

  20. Turkey-U.S. Defense Cooperation: Prospects and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    officials and analysts pay insufficient attention to changes in the alliance’s dynamics: As France did under Charles de Gaulle in the 1960s, Turkey may...dosyalar/ files/71-82.pdf. 75 For an argument that appears to support this position, see Robert Wexler , “United States and Turkey: Allies at Odds...Insight Turkey, vol. 13, no. 1, winter 2011. Wexler is a former Member of Congress. 76 Field and Zahedi, op. cit. Turkey-U.S. Defense Cooperation

  1. Robert Aymar awarded the Légion d’honneur

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

      On 24 May, Robert Aymar, CERN Director-General from 2004 to 2008, was awarded the Légion d’honneur by the French authorities in recognition of his outstanding scientific career. A renowned French physicist, he was Director of the superconducting tokamak Tore Supra from 1977 to 1988, Director of Material Sciences at the CEA in 1990 and Director of the ITER project in 1994. His term of office as CERN Director-General was marked in particular by the commissioning and start-up of the LHC machine, which he inaugurated on 21 October 2008.        

  2. An Archetypal Study of Plant Imagery in Robert Frost's Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱芬芬

    2016-01-01

    As one of the most popular American poets in the twentieth century, Robert Frost demonstrated myriads of universally acknowledged works to the world. This paper aims to analyze the plant imagery appearing in his poems from the perspective of archetypal theory. This study, on the basis of analyzing poetic texts, utilizes content analysis to classify plant images into four types and work out relevant statistics. After data analysis based on thematology and archetypal theory, the study finds that plant images in his poems demonstrate the relationship between human beings and nature, psychological conflicts of the poet, death and dismay, expectation for life and rebirth.

  3. The Diffident Naturalist Robert Boyle and the Philosophy of Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Sargent, Rose-Mary

    1995-01-01

    In a provocative reassessment of one of the quintessential figures of early modern science, Rose-Mary Sargent explores Robert Boyle's philosophy of experiment, a central aspect of his life and work that became a model for mid- to late seventeenth-century natural philosophers and for many who followed them. Sargent examines the philosophical, legal, experimental, and religious traditions—among them English common law, alchemy, medicine, and Christianity—that played a part in shaping Boyle's experimental thought and practice. The roots of his philosophy in his early life and education, in his re

  4. Robert Hooke (1635-1703), in his own words.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breathnach, C S

    2003-11-01

    The diaries and other writings of Robert Hooke (1635-1703), as well as those of his contemporaries, are drawn upon to sketch his social and scientific life. An account is presented of his involvement with the Royal Society from its earliest days, and of his relations with notable scientists. In exploring the similarity between combustion and respiration, he established that air is composed of different gases, and that it is not motion of the lungs but a supply of fresh air that is necessary for life.

  5. On the Study of Richard Tom Robert Identity

    CERN Document Server

    Tsai, Yeong-Shyeong

    2008-01-01

    In order to estimate the average speed of mosquitoes, a simple experiment was designed by Richard (Lu-Hsing Tsai), Tom (Po-Yu Tsai) and Robert (Hung-Ming Tsai). The result of the experiment was posted in the science exhibitions Taichung Taiwan 1993. The average speed of mosquitoes is inferred by the simple relation is obtained In this paper, we will show how to get the data generated by computer. Though the rigorous proof is not shown, a sketch proof will be shown in this paper

  6. Summary Robert Noyce and the invention of Silicon Valley

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This work offers a summary of the book "THE MAN BEHIND THE MICROCHIP: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley""by Leslie Berlin.The Man behind the Microchip is Leslie Berlin's first book. This author is project historian for the Silicon Valley Archives, a division of the Stanford University Department of Special Collections. This book tells the story of a giant of the high-tech industry: the multimillionaire Bob Noyce. This co-founder of Fairchild Semiconductor and Intel co-invented the integrated circuit which became the electronic heart of every modern computer, automobile, advance

  7. Did Robert Louis Stevenson have hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guttmacher, A E; Callahan, J R

    2000-03-06

    Chronic illness played a major role in the life and literary success of Robert Louis Stevenson. However, the exact nature of his chronic illness remains unclear. It is possible that Stevenson had hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Osler-Rendu-Weber Syndrome). This would explain his chronic respiratory complaints, recurrent episodes of pulmonary hemorrhage, and his death, at age 44 years, of probable cerebral hemorrhage. It would also explain his mother's hitherto unreported but apparent stroke, at age 38 years. Further support for this hypothesis might come from new details about the health of Stevenson and his relatives or from molecular analysis of tissue specimens remaining from him.

  8. Moving Target Defense

    CERN Document Server

    Jajodia, Sushil; Swarup, Vipin; Wang, Cliff; Wang, X Sean

    2011-01-01

    Moving Target Defense: Creating Asymmetric Uncertainty for Cyber Threats was developed by a group of leading researchers. It describes the fundamental challenges facing the research community and identifies new promising solution paths. Moving Target Defense which is motivated by the asymmetric costs borne by cyber defenders takes an advantage afforded to attackers and reverses it to advantage defenders. Moving Target Defense is enabled by technical trends in recent years, including virtualization and workload migration on commodity systems, widespread and redundant network connectivity, instr

  9. Dynamic defense workshop :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crosby, Sean Michael; Doak, Justin E.; Haas, Jason Juedes.; Helinski, Ryan; Lamb, Christopher C.

    2013-02-01

    On September 5th and 6th, 2012, the Dynamic Defense Workshop: From Research to Practice brought together researchers from academia, industry, and Sandia with the goals of increasing collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories and external organizations, de ning and un- derstanding dynamic, or moving target, defense concepts and directions, and gaining a greater understanding of the state of the art for dynamic defense. Through the workshop, we broadened and re ned our de nition and understanding, identi ed new approaches to inherent challenges, and de ned principles of dynamic defense. Half of the workshop was devoted to presentations of current state-of-the-art work. Presentation topics included areas such as the failure of current defenses, threats, techniques, goals of dynamic defense, theory, foundations of dynamic defense, future directions and open research questions related to dynamic defense. The remainder of the workshop was discussion, which was broken down into sessions on de ning challenges, applications to host or mobile environments, applications to enterprise network environments, exploring research and operational taxonomies, and determining how to apply scienti c rigor to and investigating the eld of dynamic defense.

  10. Piezoconductivity of gated suspended graphene

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Medvedyeva, M.V.; Blanter, Y.M.

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the conductivity of graphene sheet deformed over a gate. The effect of the deformation on the conductivity is twofold: The lattice distortion can be represented as pseudovector potential in the Dirac equation formalism, whereas the gate causes inhomogeneous density redistribution. We

  11. Works close to gate B

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2011-01-01

    In connection to the TRAM project, drainage works will be carried out close to gate B until the end of next week. In order to avoid access problems, if arriving by car, please use gates A and E. Department of General Infrastructure Services (GS) GS-SE Group

  12. Cooperative gating between ion channels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Kee-Hyun

    2014-01-01

    Cooperative gating between ion channels, i.e. the gating of one channel directly coupled to the gating of neighboring channels, has been observed in diverse channel types at the single-channel level. Positively coupled gating could enhance channel-mediated signaling while negative coupling may effectively reduce channel gating noise. Indeed, the physiological significance of cooperative channel gating in signal transduction has been recognized in several in vivo studies. Moreover, coupled gating of ion channels was reported to be associated with some human disease states. In this review, physiological roles for channel cooperativity and channel clustering observed in vitro and in vivo are introduced, and stimulation-induced channel clustering and direct channel cross linking are suggested as the physical mechanisms of channel assembly. Along with physical clustering, several molecular mechanisms proposed as the molecular basis for functional coupling of neighboring channels are covered: permeant ions as a channel coupling mediator, concerted channel activation through the membrane, and allosteric mechanisms. Also, single-channel analysis methods for cooperative gating such as the binomial analysis, the variance analysis, the conditional dwell time density analysis, and the maximum likelihood fitting analysis are reviewed and discussed.

  13. Penn State DOE GATE Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anstrom, Joel

    2012-08-31

    The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) was established in October 1998 pursuant to an award from the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). The focus area of the Penn State GATE Program is advanced energy storage systems for electric and hybrid vehicles.

  14. Robert Schumann in the psychiatric hospital at Endenich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Reinhard

    2015-01-01

    Robert Schumann (1810-1856) spent the last two-and-a-half years of his life in the private psychiatric hospital in Endenich. His medical records emerged in 1991 and were published by B. R. Appel in 2006. Daily entries document the treatment typical at that time for what was at first considered to be "melancholy with delusions": Shielding from stimuli, physical procedures, and a dietary regimen. The feared, actual diagnosis, a "general (incomplete) paralysis," becomes a certainty in the course of the paranoid-hallucinatory symptoms with cerebro-organic characteristics and agitated states, differences in pupil size, and increasing speech disturbances. In the medicine of the time, syphilis is just emerging as the suspected cause, and the term "progressive paralysis" is coined as typical for the course. Proof of the Treponema pallidum infection and the serologic reaction is not obtained until 1906. People close to Robert, in particular his wife Clara and the circle of friends around Brahms and Joachim, cared intensively for him and suffered under the therapeutic isolation. The medical records and illness-related letters contradict the theory that Schumann was disposed of by being put into the psychiatric hospital; they show the concern of all during the unfavorable illness course.

  15. Música e vozes em Pickpocket (1959, de Robert Bresson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luíza Alvim

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Music and voices in Pickpocket (1951, by Robert Bresson – The French director Robert Bresson was known for his creative use of sound elements and the scanty insertion of music in his films. In films produced during the intermediary phase of his career, such as A man escaped (1956, Pickpocket (1959 and Au hasard Balthazar (1966, preexisting classical music pieces, which contain formal aspects that are analogous to their distribution in the respective films, were used as non-diegetic music. Moreover, in Pickpocket, the preexisting music by Lully also relates to the voice-in and voice-over. The voice-in at the end of the dialogues usually triggers musical excerpts, which are inserted in situations of movement and whose function resembles that of divertissements in baroque opera. We also consider the relations between voice-in and voice-over and the lag between the latter and the action and the image of the main character’s diary as it is being written.

  16. Improvement on The Ellis and Roberts Viability Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guoyan Zhou

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available With data sets of germination percent and storage time of seed lot of wheat and sorghum stored at three different storage temperature(t, °C with three different water content (m, % of seeds, together with data set of buckwheat and lettuce reported in literatures, the possibility that seed survival curve were transformed into line by survival proportion and the relationship that logarithm of average viability period (logp50 and standard deviation of seed death distribution in time (δwith t, m and interaction between t and m were analysed. Result indicated that survival proportion transformed seed survival curve to line were much easier than the probability adopted by Ellis and Roberts, and the most important factor affecting logp50 and δ of seed lot was interaction between t and m. Thus, Ellis and Roberts viability model were suggested to be improved as Ki=Vi-p/10K-CWT (t×m to predict longevity of seed lot with initial germination percent unknown, a new model of Gi/G0=A-P/10K-CWT(t×m was constructed to predict longevity of seed lot with initial germination percent already known.

  17. Logic Gates with Ion Transistors

    CERN Document Server

    Grebel, Haim

    2016-01-01

    Electronic logic gates are the basic building blocks of every computing and micro controlling system. Logic gates are made of switches, such as diodes and transistors. Ion-selective, ionic switches may emulate electronic switches [1-8]. If we ever want to create artificial bio-chemical circuitry, then we need to move a step further towards ion-logic circuitry. Here we demonstrate ion XOR and OR gates with electrochemical cells, and specifically, with two wet-cell batteries. In parallel to vacuum tubes, the batteries were modified to include a third, permeable and conductive mid electrode (the gate), which was placed between the anode and cathode in order to affect the ion flow through it. The key is to control the cell output with a much smaller biasing power, as demonstrated here. A successful demonstration points to self-powered ion logic gates.

  18. The Impact of Decreased Department of Defense Spending on Employment in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-11-01

    Rolling and Drawing 2.4 10.607 Nonferrous Rolling and Drawing, nec 2.3 11.170 New Military Facilities 1.6 00.000 Wood and Radio Cabinets 1.5 16.891...1989.49. Hagstrom. Jerry, and Robert Guskind. "Lobbying the Pentagon." National Jour- nal, 31 May 1986, 1316-21. Henderson, Yolanda K. "Defense

  19. The platypus in Edinburgh: Robert Jameson, Robert Knox and the place of the Ornithorhynchus in nature, 1821-24.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Bill

    2016-10-01

    The duck-billed platypus, or Ornithorhynchus, was the subject of an intense debate among natural historians in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Its paradoxical mixture of mammalian, avian and reptilian characteristics made it something of a taxonomic conundrum. In the early 1820s Robert Jameson (1774-1854), the professor of natural history at the University of Edinburgh and the curator of the University's natural history museum, was able to acquire three valuable specimens of this species. He passed one of these on to the anatomist Robert Knox (1791-1862), who dissected the animal and presented his results in a series of papers to the Wernerian Natural History Society, which later published them in its Memoirs. This paper takes Jameson's platypus as a case study on how natural history specimens were used to create and contest knowledge of the natural world in the early nineteenth century, at a time when interpretations of the relationships between animal taxa were in a state of flux. It shows how Jameson used his possession of this interesting specimen to provide a valuable opportunity for his protégé Knox while also helping to consolidate his own position as a key figure in early nineteenth-century natural history.

  20. The platypus in Edinburgh: Robert Jameson, Robert Knox and the place of the Ornithorhynchus in nature, 1821–24

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Bill

    2016-01-01

    SUMMARY The duck-billed platypus, or Ornithorhynchus, was the subject of an intense debate among natural historians in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Its paradoxical mixture of mammalian, avian and reptilian characteristics made it something of a taxonomic conundrum. In the early 1820s Robert Jameson (1774–1854), the professor of natural history at the University of Edinburgh and the curator of the University's natural history museum, was able to acquire three valuable specimens of this species. He passed one of these on to the anatomist Robert Knox (1791–1862), who dissected the animal and presented his results in a series of papers to the Wernerian Natural History Society, which later published them in its Memoirs. This paper takes Jameson's platypus as a case study on how natural history specimens were used to create and contest knowledge of the natural world in the early nineteenth century, at a time when interpretations of the relationships between animal taxa were in a state of flux. It shows how Jameson used his possession of this interesting specimen to provide a valuable opportunity for his protégé Knox while also helping to consolidate his own position as a key figure in early nineteenth-century natural history. PMID:27671001

  1. Unfolding Green Defense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristian Knus

    2015-01-01

    consumption in military operations, defense expenditure, energy security, and global climate change. The report then proceeds to introduce the NATO Green Defence Framework before exploring specific current uses of green technologies and green strategies for defense. The report concludes that a number...

  2. Avian host defense peptides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Tryntsje; Coorens, M.; van Dijk, A.; Haagsman, H.P.

    2013-01-01

    Host defense peptides (HDPs) are important effector molecules of the innate immune system of vertebrates. These antimicrobial peptides are also present in invertebrates, plants and fungi. HDPs display broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and fulfill an important role in the first line of defense

  3. Defense Mechanisms: A Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, Bonnie C.

    This bibliography includes studies of defense mechanisms, in general, and studies of multiple mechanisms. Defense mechanisms, briefly and simply defined, are the unconscious ego defendants against unpleasure, threat, or anxiety. Sigmund Freud deserves the clinical credit for studying many mechanisms and introducing them in professional literature.…

  4. Defense Industry Clusters in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Alpaslan Demir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available All countries strive for a capable national defense supported by a strong national defense industry. Supporting national defense with imported defense systems has many limitations and risks because the terms of arms trade agreements between countries may easily be influenced by the political climate of the signatories. As a result, establishing an independent national defense requires a strong national defense industry. Furthermore, exporting defense systems may be an important source of national income. National defense industries mostly consist of large-scale defense firms that have the resources required for big defense contracts. However, small to medium enterprises (SMEs do not have the necessary resources, therefore they are at a disadvantage. To overcome this handicap and be part of the business, defense industry clusters mostly consisting of SMEs are being established. Provided that there is good national planning and support in this area, defense clusters consisting of SMEs may play a significant role in industry. SMEs have a chance to offer specialized services, special or customized products when needed. As a result, large defense firms subcontract certain portions of defense projects to SMEs. Since 2010, Turkey has shown signs of continuous improvement in defense industry clustering. In parallel with these developments, this study discusses the importance of clustering in the defense industry, briefly presents the state of the Turkish defense industry as highlighted by national statistics, and presents the current status of defense clusters in Turkey. The novelty of this article consists in its assessment of Turkish defense clusters.

  5. Caruso St.John and Robert Smithson: Interferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Hernández Pezzi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Intersecting points of view are the common theme of this issue of Cuadernos. The protagonists of our proposed point of intersection are the artist Robert  Smithson and the architects Adam Caruso and Peter St. John. Caruso and St. John refer to the North American artist’s work in order to explain their  remodeling project of Stortorget, the town square around the baroque  cathedral in the center of Kalmar, Sweden. With this idea as a starting point, we explore the work and the concerns of both the artist and the architects which allows us to describe convergences and harmonies of processes despite their thematic, ideological, and stylistic differences.

  6. Surgical appreciation of Robert Boyle in the 21st century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, D L

    2000-12-01

    Robert Boyle was known as the Father of Chemistry. He lived at a time when science and religion were closely linked. It was a pious and puritanical time, but also a time of great enlightenment. His original and paramount thesis, that air has weight, has given us Boyle's gas law. Another of his writings in the Cowlishaw Collection is on religion. It is stated that, at one stage, he was deliberating whether to be a scientist or a priest. Surgical appreciation of Boyle's law has poignant application in scientific methods and research in the 21st century. The development of advanced laparoscopic surgery represents a challenging new era in surgery that was not envisaged by our surgical predecessors. Basic surgical research into the effects of gas pressure on renal function and bowel response will be presented.

  7. Robert Heath Lock and his textbook of genetics, 1906.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, A W F

    2013-07-01

    Robert Heath Lock (1879-1915), a Cambridge botanist associated with William Bateson and R. C. Punnett, published his book Recent Progress in the Study of Variation, Heredity, and Evolution in 1906. This was a remarkable textbook of genetics for one appearing so early in the Mendelian era. It covered not only Mendelism but evolution, natural selection, biometry, mutation, and cytology. It ran to five editions but was, despite its success, largely forgotten following Lock's early death in 1915. Nevertheless it was the book that inspired H. J. Muller to do genetics and was remembered by A. H. Sturtevant as the source of the earliest suggestion that linkage might be related to the exchange of parts between homologous chromosomes. Here we also put forward evidence that it had a major influence on the statistician and geneticist R. A. Fisher at the time he was a mathematics student at Cambridge.

  8. Gravitation and the earth sciences: the contributions of Robert Dicke

    CERN Document Server

    Kragh, Helge

    2015-01-01

    The American physicist Robert Dicke (1916-1997) is primarily known for his important contributions to gravitation, cosmology, and microwave physics. Much less known is his work in geophysics and related areas of the earth sciences in which he engaged himself and several of his collaborators in the period from about 1957 to 1969. Much of Dicke's work in geophysics was motivated by his wish to obtain evidence in support of the non-Einstenian Brans-Dicke theory of gravitation. The idea of a decreasing gravitational constant, as entertained by Dicke and some other physicists (including Pascual Jordan), played some role in the process that transformed the static picture of the Earth to a dynamical picture. It is not by accident that Dicke appears as a minor actor in histories of the plate tectonic revolution in the 1960s.

  9. Between genres and styles in the films of Robert Bresson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luíza Beatriz Alvim

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The films of French director Robert Bresson are considered sober and transcendental. However, in A gentle woman (1969 and in Four nights of a dreamer (1972, he included extracts of quite different genres, like a libertine comedy (the extract of film Benjamim by Michel Deville, 1968, a Shakespearean tragedy (a performance of Shakespeare´s Hamlet and a gangster film (When love possesses us, produced by Bresson himself. In a way, those excerpts represent exactly the opposite of Bresson´s cinema. On the other hand, they still have some familiarity with it. We analyze the approach of those genres in the sequences in Bresson´s films, as well of the styles present in them by the use of music and images of paintings.

  10. Hooke's figurations: a figural drawing attributed to Robert Hooke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Matthew C

    2010-09-20

    The experimental philosopher Robert Hooke (1635-1703) is known to have apprenticed to the leading painter Peter Lely on his first arrival in London in the late 1640s. Yet the relevance of Hooke's artistic training to his mature draughtsmanship and identity has remained unclear. Shedding light on that larger interpretive problem, this article argues for the attribution to Hooke of a figural drawing now in Tate Britain (T10678). This attributed drawing is especially interesting because it depicts human subjects and bears Hooke's name functioning as an artistic signature, both highly unusual features for his draughtsmanship. From evidence of how this drawing was collected and physically placed alongside images by leading artists in the early eighteenth century, I suggest how it can offer new insight into the reception of Hooke and his graphic work in the early Enlightenment.

  11. Robert Delpire, éditeur d’albums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Boulaire

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Pourquoi un ex-étudiant en médecine, devenu très rapidement un éditeur de photographie estimé, puis un directeur d’agence recherché, s’est-il intéressé à l’album pour enfants, au point de publier, sur une durée d’une douzaine d’années, quelques-uns des albums les plus marquants qu’a connus la France de la décennie 1955-1965 ? Comment l’idée a-t-elle germé qu’on pouvait publier, dans la même maison que Doisneau,Cartier-Bresson et Robert Frank, des albums qu’André François, Reiner Zimnik et Ala...

  12. Charles Robert Darwin and Argentina's National Academy of Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro José Depetris

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Over 175 years ago Charles Robert Darwin arrived in Argentina to find a bare and boundless plain, the brave centaur called "gaucho", Quaternary fossils everywhere, and a society strikingly strange and aggressive to the British eyes of the young traveller. Although the voyage aboard HMS Beagle was the indispensable way towards increasing his stature as a biologist, Lyell's work awakened an inquisitive geological mind which allowed him to wonder at the splendour of the Andes. Forty-two years after having concluded his voyage on the Beagle, the National Academy of Sciences of Argentina appointed him as an Honorary Member. This must be interpreted as an early gesture of recognition -in the context of those times- to the magnificence of his scientific work.

  13. Robert Schumann and translation: poetic creativity, simultaneity and movement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Azenha Junior

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In diesem Aufsatz werden die Gesammelten Schriften über Musik und Musiker von Robert Schumann untersucht, insbesondere die Rezensionen, die der Komponist zwischen 1834 und 1836 verfasst hat. Es soll festgestellt werden, inwiefern sich darin die wichtigsten Auffassungen über Sprache und Übersetzung, die Ende des 18. und Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland entstanden, wiederfinden. Im Vordergrund der Untersuchung steht die Dimension der Bewegung, die sich sowohl im Individuum als auch in der Zeit festmachen lässt. Im Individuum manifestiert sich die Bewegung als ein sehr persönlicher Vorgang, da es sich innerhalb verschiedener Zeichensysteme bewegt, die seine Gedanken ausdrücken; oder aber es bewegt sich innerhalb verschiedener Sprachen. Die Zeitdimension wiederum bedeutet, in ein Umfeld einzutauchen, das die Zeitbarrieren überwindet und die Vergangenheit auf einen Schlag mit der Gegenwart und der Zukunft verbindet.

  14. Robert Dahl e o dilema da igualdade na democracia moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jawdat Abu-El-Haj

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a evolução dos diálogos que Robert Dahl encetou com três das principais correntes da ciência política: a teoria da modernização, a teoria da escolha racional e a perspectiva da cultura política. Nas primeiras obras o autor considerava que a inclusão política era uma consequência do confronto entre situação e oposição. Nos seus últimos trabalhos, Dahl retornou às origens socialistas utópicas e inverteu a ordem de prioridades. A ameaça à democracia contemporânea já não deriva da concentração de poderes políticos numa só instância, mas sim da crescente desigualdade de condição que gera a resignação e o abandono da participação pública por parte dos cidadãos.This article analyzes the development of Robert Dahl's interrogations of the three main currents of political science: the theory of modernization, the theory of rational choice and the political culture approach. In his early work the author believed that political inclusion is the outcome of the opposition between situation and opposition. In his later work, Dahl returned to his utopian socialist origins and reversed the order of priorities. The threat to modern democracy no longer lies in the concentration of political power in one institution, but rather in the increasing inequality of condition, which produces resignation and leads citizens to give up participating in the political process.

  15. Robert Musil y los Estados desunificados de Europa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayón, Fernando

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is a study of Robert Musil´s work “The Man Without Qualities” from philosophical sources. It is a novel that has produced so many overriding metaphors through which we can better understand the crises of the social identity on the horizont of the last modernity in Europe. Much of the key-concepts that helped in creating the so called “Leyend of Modernity” start to vanish in an irremediable way: not only did Musil trace the disappearance of the support for national aspirations and social cohesion, he also showed us how culture is a mad carrousel of collapsed expectations, and how the prevailing idea of “subjectivity” lacks today any solid or essential nucleus. In the middle of this disenchanted landscape of Europe, where all the modern and clasical illusions became nothing, appears however “a new human being”, since the man “without qualities” is the man with endless possibilities too.El presente ensayo es una interpretación de la novela de Robert Musil “El hombre sin atributos” a partir de fuentes filosóficas. Se trata de una obra que ha producido algunas metáforas decisivas para comprender las crisis de la identidad social en el horizonte de la última modernidad europea. Muchos de los conceptos clave que ayudaron a crear la leyenda de la modernidad empiezan a erosionarse de modo irreversible: se descomponen las aspiraciones nacionales, el sujeto pierde su núcleo sustancial y la cultura es un carrusel de esperanzas abortadas incapaces de responder a ninguna idea rectora. Y, sin embargo, en el paisaje de esta Europa tardomoderna en que se han agotado las pasadas ilusiones surge la idea de que el “hombre sin atributos” es también el “hombre de las posibilidades”.

  16. Robert Hooke: early respiratory physiologist, polymath, and mechanical genius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, John B

    2014-07-01

    Robert Hooke (1635-1703) was a polymath who made important contributions to respiratory physiology and many other scientific areas. With Robert Boyle, he constructed the first air pump that allowed measurements on small animals at a reduced atmospheric pressure, and this started the discipline of high-altitude physiology. He also built the first human low-pressure chamber and described his experiences when the pressure was reduced to the equivalent of an altitude of ∼2,400 m. Using artificial ventilation in an animal preparation, he demonstrated that movement of the lung was not essential for life. His book Micrographia describing early studies with a microscope remains a classic. He produced an exquisite drawing of the head of a fly, showing the elaborate compound eye. There is also a detailed drawing of a flea, and Hooke noted how the long, many-jointed legs enable the insect to jump so high. For 40 years, he was the curator of experiments for the newly founded Royal Society in London and contributed greatly to its intellectual ferment. His mechanical inventions covered an enormous range, including the watch spring, the wheel barometer, and the universal joint. Following the Great Fire of London in 1666, he designed many of the new buildings in conjunction with Christopher Wren. Unfortunately, Hooke had an abrasive personality, which was partly responsible for a lack of recognition of his work for many years. However, during the last 25 years, there has been renewed interest, and he is now recognized as a brilliant scientist and innovator.

  17. Reversible logic gates on Physarum Polycephalum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schumann, Andrew [University of Information Technology and Management, Sucharskiego 2, Rzeszow, 35-225 (Poland)

    2015-03-10

    In this paper, we consider possibilities how to implement asynchronous sequential logic gates and quantum-style reversible logic gates on Physarum polycephalum motions. We show that in asynchronous sequential logic gates we can erase information because of uncertainty in the direction of plasmodium propagation. Therefore quantum-style reversible logic gates are more preferable for designing logic circuits on Physarum polycephalum.

  18. Demonstration of a Quantum Nondemolition Sum Gate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yoshikawa, J.; Miwa, Y.; Huck, Alexander;

    2008-01-01

    The sum gate is the canonical two-mode gate for universal quantum computation based on continuous quantum variables. It represents the natural analogue to a qubit C-NOT gate. In addition, the continuous-variable gate describes a quantum nondemolition (QND) interaction between the quadrature compo...

  19. Age Changes in Personality and Their Origins: Comment on Roberts, Walton, and Viechtbauer (2006)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Paul T.; McCrae, Robert R.

    2006-01-01

    This article presents comments on the original article "Patterns of Mean-Level Change in Personality Traits Across the Life Course: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies," by B. W. Roberts, K. W. Walton, and W. Viechtbauer. Although Roberts et al depicted the present authors as proponents of the immutability of traits, in fact we have…

  20. Behavior States and a Half-Full Glass: A Response to Mudford, Hogg, and Roberts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur, Michael

    2000-01-01

    In this response to critiques (Mudford, Hogg and Roberts 1997, 1999) of the use of behavior states in research involving individuals with mental retardation, it is argued that the work on behavioral state analysis by Robert D. Guess has contributed to the field at the practical, empirical, and theoretical levels. (Contains references.) (CR)

  1. Keeglist, joogiautomaatidest ja sotsiaalsest kapitalist / Robert Putnam ; interv. Airi-Alina Allaste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Putnam, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Tänapäeva üks mõjukam sotsiaaltedlane Robert Putnam, kes hiljuti esines Avatud Ühiskonna Foorumil "Sotsiaalne kapital muutuvas maailmas", sotsiaalse kapitali mõistest, siduva ja ühendava sotsiaalse kapitali omavahelistest suhtest. Lisa: Robert Putnam

  2. On the Origin of Hawaiian Creole English: A Rejoinder to Roberts [and] Response to Goodman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Morris; Roberts, Sarah Julianne

    1999-01-01

    Responds to comments made by Roberts in a previous article that attributed certain claims to this author regarding the role of a worldwide nautical pidgin English in the formation of Hawaiian creole English. The author suggests that such claims were not made or were misrepresented. Roberts's response is included. (Author/VWL)

  3. Keeglist, joogiautomaatidest ja sotsiaalsest kapitalist / Robert Putnam ; interv. Airi-Alina Allaste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Putnam, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Tänapäeva üks mõjukam sotsiaaltedlane Robert Putnam, kes hiljuti esines Avatud Ühiskonna Foorumil "Sotsiaalne kapital muutuvas maailmas", sotsiaalse kapitali mõistest, siduva ja ühendava sotsiaalse kapitali omavahelistest suhtest. Lisa: Robert Putnam

  4. Defense and the Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    AD A 66 28 o’py 9of 27 copiesII AD-A266 288-co, .o,,,, I IDA PAPER P-28 10I * DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A...TYPE AND DATES COVERED January 1993 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Defense and the Economy C-MDA 903 89C 0003i...Fomr 298 (Rev 2-4g) 3Preserked by ANSI Sid, Z39- 2I0 I I I IDA PAPER P-2810() 3 DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY I I David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A

  5. Randomized benchmarking of multiqubit gates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaebler, J P; Meier, A M; Tan, T R; Bowler, R; Lin, Y; Hanneke, D; Jost, J D; Home, J P; Knill, E; Leibfried, D; Wineland, D J

    2012-06-29

    We describe an extension of single-qubit gate randomized benchmarking that measures the error of multiqubit gates in a quantum information processor. This platform-independent protocol evaluates the performance of Clifford unitaries, which form a basis of fault-tolerant quantum computing. We implemented the benchmarking protocol with trapped ions and found an error per random two-qubit Clifford unitary of 0.162±0.008, thus setting the first benchmark for such unitaries. By implementing a second set of sequences with an extra two-qubit phase gate inserted after each step, we extracted an error per phase gate of 0.069±0.017. We conducted these experiments with transported, sympathetically cooled ions in a multizone Paul trap-a system that can in principle be scaled to larger numbers of ions.

  6. Bill Gates vil redde Folkeskolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fejerskov, Adam Moe

    2014-01-01

    Det amerikanske uddannelsessystem bliver for tiden udsat for hård kritik, ledt an af Microsoft stifteren Bill Gates. Gates har indtil videre brugt 3 mia. kroner på at skabe opbakning til tiltag som præstationslønning af lærere og strømlining af pensum på tværs af alle skoler i landet......Det amerikanske uddannelsessystem bliver for tiden udsat for hård kritik, ledt an af Microsoft stifteren Bill Gates. Gates har indtil videre brugt 3 mia. kroner på at skabe opbakning til tiltag som præstationslønning af lærere og strømlining af pensum på tværs af alle skoler i landet...

  7. Bill Gates vil redde Folkeskolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fejerskov, Adam Moe

    2014-01-01

    Det amerikanske uddannelsessystem bliver for tiden udsat for hård kritik, ledt an af Microsoft stifteren Bill Gates. Gates har indtil videre brugt 3 mia. kroner på at skabe opbakning til tiltag som præstationslønning af lærere og strømlining af pensum på tværs af alle skoler i landet...

  8. Quantum gates with topological phases

    CERN Document Server

    Ionicioiu, R

    2003-01-01

    We investigate two models for performing topological quantum gates with the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) and Aharonov-Casher (AC) effects. Topological one- and two-qubit Abelian phases can be enacted with the AB effect using charge qubits, whereas the AC effect can be used to perform all single-qubit gates (Abelian and non-Abelian) for spin qubits. Possible experimental setups suitable for a solid state implementation are briefly discussed.

  9. Gating a ferromagnetic semiconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bove, A.; Altomare, F.; Kundtz, N.; Chang, A. M.; Cho, Y. J.; Liu, X.; Furdyna, J.

    2007-03-01

    Ferromagnetic semiconductors have the potential of revolutionizing the way current electronic devices work: more so, because they are compatible with current fabrication lines and can easily be integrated with today's technology. Particular interest lies in III-V Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor (DMS), where the ferromagnetism is hole-mediated and the Curie temperature can therefore be tuned by changing the concentration of free carriers. In these systems, most of the effort is currently applied toward the fabrication of devices working at room-temperature: this implies high carrier density accompanied by low mobility and short mean free path. We will report our results for a ferromagnetic 2DHG system with low carrier density (˜3.4E12 cm-2) and mobility (˜ 1000 cm^2/(Vs)), and we will discuss the effects of local gating in light of possible applications to the fabrication of ferromagnetic quantum dots. T. Dietl et al., Phys. Rev. B 63, 195205 (2001). H. Ohno et al., Nature 408, 944 (2000)

  10. Latest design of gate valves

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurzhofer, U.; Stolte, J.; Weyand, M.

    1996-12-01

    Babcock Sempell, one of the most important valve manufacturers in Europe, has delivered valves for the nuclear power industry since the beginning of the peaceful application of nuclear power in the 1960s. The latest innovation by Babcock Sempell is a gate valve that meets all recent technical requirements of the nuclear power technology. At the moment in the United States, Germany, Sweden, and many other countries, motor-operated gate and globe valves are judged very critically. Besides the absolute control of the so-called {open_quotes}trip failure,{close_quotes} the integrity of all valve parts submitted to operational forces must be maintained. In case of failure of the limit and torque switches, all valve designs have been tested with respect to the quality of guidance of the gate. The guidances (i.e., guides) shall avoid a tilting of the gate during the closing procedure. The gate valve newly designed by Babcock Sempell fulfills all these characteristic criteria. In addition, the valve has cobalt-free seat hardfacing, the suitability of which has been proven by friction tests as well as full-scale blowdown tests at the GAP of Siemens in Karlstein, West Germany. Babcock Sempell was to deliver more than 30 gate valves of this type for 5 Swedish nuclear power stations by autumn 1995. In the presentation, the author will report on the testing performed, qualifications, and sizing criteria which led to the new technical design.

  11. Rethinking Defensive Information Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    electronic warfare, and special information operations. Defensive information operations ensure timely, accurate, and relevant information access...information and information systems. IA, physical security, OPSEC, counter-deception, counter-psyops, CI, EW, and special information operations. Ensure

  12. Surfing China's National Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Guilin

    2010-01-01

    @@ Following the start of its first test run on August 20, 2009, the website www.mod.gov.cn of the Ministry of National Defense (MOD) of the People's Republic of China has logged more than 2 billion hits,from many countries and regions including China, the United States,the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia and Singapore. China National Defense News reporters recently interviewed Ji Guilin, the website's Editor in Chief, on its performance and the feedback of netizens.

  13. Diversifying Defense Dependent Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-11-01

    MonllI Hall Room 224 Higher Educaion 603271.2155 P 0 Bo 5636 Massachusetts 101 Adams Street Fargo. NO 58105 Jefferson City. MOD 65101 few Jersey RKhard...57069 802 828 3326 608 266 1927 Middlelown PA 17057 Delee Dykstra Bob Surridg 605,677 5287 Virginia Wyoming 71I7/9486336 Department of Planing Instlute...Sector Program Comell University University Park, PA 16802 717 Clark Hall 103 E. Roberts Hall (814) 863-3447 Unversity of Missouti Ithaca. MY 14853

  14. The South Pacific in the works of Robert Dean Frisbie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša Potočnik

    2001-12-01

    In Tahiti he had ambitious writing plans but after four years of living in Tahiti, he left his plantation and sailed to the Cook Islands. He spent the rest of his life in the Cook Islands and married a local girl Ngatokorua. His new happiness gave him the inspiration to write. 29 sketches appeared in the United States in 1929, collected by The Century Company under the title of The Book of Puka-Puka. His second book My Tahiti, a book of memories, was published in 1937. After the death of Ropati 's beloved wife his goals were to bring up his children. But by this time Frisbie was seriously ill. The family left Puka-Puka and settled down on the uninhabited atoll of Suwarrow. Later on they lived on Rarotonga and Samoa where Frisbie was medically treated. Robert Dean Frisbie died of tetanus in Rarotonga on November 18, 1948. Frisbie wrote in a vivid, graceful style. His characters and particularly the atoll of Puka-Puka are memorably depicted. Gifted with a feeling for language and a sense of humor, he was able to capture on paper the charm, beauty, and serenity of life of the small islands in the South Pacific without exaggerating the stereotypical idyllic context and as such Frisbie's contribution to South Pacific literature went far deeper than that of many writers who have passed through the Pacific and wrote about their experiences. Frisbie's first book The Book of Puka-Puka was published in New York in 1929. It is the most endearing and the most original of his works. It was written during his lifetime on the atoll Puka-Puka in the Cook Islands. It is a collection of 29 short stories, episodic and expressively narrative in style. This is an account of life on Puka-Puka that criticizes European and American commercialism and aggressiveness, and presents the themes of the praise of isolation, the castigation of missionaries, and the commendation of Polynesian economic collectivism and sexual freedom. At the same time, the book presents a portrait of Frisbie himself

  15. Accelerating our Second Transformation. 2010 Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Malloy Leonardo Manning (Team Lead)* Donald Mansfi eld Clarence Roberts Marion Robinson Jean Sims Dr. Ray Ward Lee Washington Defense AT&L Magazine...80 Inside Letter from the Acting President In 2010, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates pushed Department of Defense organizations toward a...commander, Air Force Materiel Command; ADM Jonathan Greenert, USN, vice chief of naval operations; Gen. Robert Kehler, USAF, commander, Air Force

  16. 75 FR 76423 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  17. 76 FR 28960 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  18. 76 FR 28757 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Notice of Availability (NOA) of Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation. SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics...

  19. Abstract – IT Robert Lepage: anatomia di un regista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulio Boato

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – ITRobert Lepage è uno dei registi più rilevanti del panorama teatrale internazionale contemporaneo. L’articolo cerca di fornire una sintetica analisi della poetica del regista soffermandosi in particolar modo sulle nozioni di “montaggio” e di “immagine” al fine di definire il rapporto tra tecnologia e linguaggio in teatro. L’analisi di due spettacoli di Lepage presentati in occasione del Napoli Teatro Festival Italia(edizioni 2010 e 2011 alimenta la riflessione teorica che si snoda seguendo una metafora anatomica:analizzare separatamente (sezionando come il chirurgo le varie componenti narrative e formali del modus operandi lepagiano permette di comprendere più agevolmente l’architettura organica dell’insieme Abstract – FR Robert Lepage est un des metteurs en scène les plus remarqués de la scène théâtrale internationale contemporaine. L’article cherche à fournir une analyse synthétique de l’art poétique du metteur en scèneen se concentrant en particulier sur les notions de « montage » et « image » afin d’en définir le rapportentre technologie et langage au théâtre. L’analyse de deux spectacles de Lepage présentés pendant leNapoli Teatro Festival Italia (éditions 2010 et 2011 alimente la réflexion théorique qui se développeselon une métaphore anatomique : à la manière d'un chirurgien disséquant un corps, on analyseraséparément les différentes composantes narratives et formelles utilisées par Lepage afin de comprendreplus facilement l’architecture organique de l’ensemble. Abstract – EN Robert Lepage is one of the most significant directors on the international and contemporary theatrescene. The article tries to provide a synthetic analysis of the director’s work: focusing on the notions of “editing” and “image”, it defines the relation between technology and language in theatre. The analysis oftwo pieces of theatre presented at the Napoli Teatro Festival Italia

  20. Archetypal Dreams: the Quantum Theater of Robert Wilson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, Dawn Yvette

    1992-01-01

    My topic is situated within the larger framework of interdisciplinary study currently exploring the impact of new physics on various "soft" disciplines and sciences. Aligning myself with thinkers like Fritjof Capra and N. Katherine Hayles, who argue that quantum mechanics has brought about a new paradigm for the conceptualization of the physical world and our relation to it, I demonstrate that there is a connection, a kind of cultural translation, which relates contemporary physics to some avant-garde theater. Specifically, I center my research on American theater designer, Robert Wilson, who, recognized for his manipulation of the formal elements of stagecraft, owes much to the reconstruction of principles governing space and time. Taken further, I maintain that it is through the paradigm established from relativity theory and quantum mechanics that Wilson experiments with the elementary "forces" of the theater itself. This "restructuring" occurs through the dramatist's conceptions of space and time and the relation of those properties to both performers and spectators. Unlike most conventional theater, but as in many contemporary visual arts, time is manipulated through spatial metaphors and events take place in an amplified space--effecting a kind of dramatic space/time. Through manipulation of scale, the exploration of discontinuous time, and segregated stage zones, Wilson demonstrates that theater time is fluid and that it is not necessary for dramatic action to take place within the unified stage space delineated by the proscenium itself. Unlike conventional theater, where the stage is constructed with one perspective in mind, Wilson's theatrical mise-en-scene--a kind of new "perceptual field"--requires "imaginative watching"; that is, more perceptual discrimination from the audience who must sort and organize the visual material, highlighting the essential while reconfiguring the incidental. And this is where the myth is born, where archetypal dreams stir

  1. Robert J. Shiller: Nobel prize for 2013: Capital market efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pantelić Svetlana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2013 the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to the American economists, Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller. The monetarists, Fama and Hansen, from the University of Chicago, and the Neo- Keynesian, Shiller, from the Yale University, according to the Swedish Royal Academy, won this prestigious prize for their research providing mathematical and economic models to determine (irregularities in the stock value trends at the stock exchanges. With his colleagues, in the 1960s Fama established that, in the short term, it is extremely difficult to forecast stock prices, given that new information gets embedded in the prices rather quickly. Shiller, however, determined that, although it is almost impossible to predict the stock prices for a period of few days, this is not true for a period of several years. He discovered that the stock prices fluctuate much more substantially than corporation dividents, and that the relationship between prices and dividends tends to decline when high, and to grow when low. This pattern does not apply only to stocks, but also to bonds and other forms of capital.

  2. Statistical ultrasonics: the influence of Robert F. Wagner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Insana, Michael F.

    2009-02-01

    An important ongoing question for higher education is how to successfully mentor the next generation of scientists and engineers. It has been my privilege to have been mentored by one of the best, Dr Robert F. Wagner and his colleagues at the CDRH/FDA during the mid 1980s. Bob introduced many of us in medical ultrasonics to statistical imaging techniques. These ideas continue to broadly influence studies on adaptive aperture management (beamforming, speckle suppression, compounding), tissue characterization (texture features, Rayleigh/Rician statistics, scatterer size and number density estimators), and fundamental questions about how limitations of the human eye-brain system for extracting information from textured images can motivate image processing. He adapted the classical techniques of signal detection theory to coherent imaging systems that, for the first time in ultrasonics, related common engineering metrics for image quality to task-based clinical performance. This talk summarizes my wonderfully-exciting three years with Bob as I watched him explore topics in statistical image analysis that formed a rational basis for many of the signal processing techniques used in commercial systems today. It is a story of an exciting time in medical ultrasonics, and of how a sparkling personality guided and motivated the development of junior scientists who flocked around him in admiration and amazement.

  3. Robert Lévy-Mandel (1923-2010)

    CERN Document Server

    2010-01-01

    Former CERN Director Robert Lévy-Mandel passed away on 3 July at the age of 87.   After obtaining a diploma from the Institut polytechnique in Grenoble, in 1948 he started work at the CEA, and was involved in the development and construction of the Saclay institute's first particle accelerator, a Van de Graaff machine. From 1954 to 1957 he was responsible for the coordination, development and construction of the CEA’s Saturne synchrotron, which entered service in 1958. In 1963 he was appointed head of the Saturne Synchrotron Department. The team led the construction of the Gargamelle bubble chamber, which was installed at CERN, and made contributions to other major facilities, including the Big European Bubble Chamber (BEBC). In 1971 he was invited to come to Geneva by John Adams, who was in charge of the SPS accelerator project. With the start of the SPS project, CERN had two laboratories, one at Meyrin and one at Prévessin, each with its own Director General: ...

  4. Anthony (Tony) ROBERTS 5 March 1948 – 16 January 2008

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Tony came from Netherton, a small town near Birmingham in the English West Midlands, where he grew up with his parents, who ran the local grocery store, "T.W. Roberts & Son". This is where he regularly liked to return, firstly to help his parents and later simply to spend time with them. Here undoubtedly lie the roots of his organizational skills and his ability to get on so well with others. He soon became interested in the rapidly-developing field of computing and this was how he first came to CERN, during the summer of 1973, at the age of 25. He joined the DD Division as an operator responsible for the "calculators" of that time, where he stayed until 1979 when he joined the Fellows and Associates Section of Personnel Division. He participated in the general computerisation of the Administration and continued his career in the Records Office of HR Department, a post he held until the end. Though still very British – ob...

  5. Robert Dicke and the Naissance of Experimental Gravity Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Peebles, P J E

    2016-01-01

    The experimental study of gravity became much more active in the late 1950s, a change pronounced enough be termed the naissance of empirical gravity physics. A review of the developments since 1915, and up to the transition to what might be termed a normal and accepted part of physical science in the late 1960s, shows the importance of advances in technologies, here as in all branches of science. The role of contingency is illustrated by Robert Dicke's decision to change directions in mid-career, to lead a research group dedicated to the experimental study of gravity. One sees the power of nonempirical evidence, which led some in the 1950s to feel that general relativity theory is so logically sound as to be scarcely worth the testing, while Dicke and others argued that a poorly tested theory is only that, and that other nonempirical arguments, based on Mach's Principle and Dirac's Large Numbers, suggested it was worth looking for a better theory of gravity. I conclude by offering lessons from this history, s...

  6. Thoughts after reading Robert Jay Lifton's 'The Nazi Doctors'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruwer, A

    1989-01-01

    Robert Jay Lifton's remarkable book The Nazi Doctors and its tragic subject matter provided an opportunity to try and place the complicity of doctors in such barbarity in historical perspective. Massive episodes of killing of human beings by other human beings have been an ongoing saga for centuries. Misguided belief and misguided science, and the abuse of constantly advancing technology in the name of one or other nation-state, have made possible the acceleration of megadeath. The Nazi concentration and death camps were a particularly vicious manifestation within the spectrum of killing. Modern weaponry makes omnicide quite feasible. Our urgent need is to learn the lesson and to cultivate and promote planetary patriotism as promptly as possible. Adherence to an international code of human ethics is a compelling requirement. The origin of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863 was an inspiring and promising beginning. The formulation of the Declaration of Geneva by the World Medical Association in 1947 profoundly enhanced the value of the Hippocratic Oath and provides a sound ethical basis for the national and international guidance of the medical profession today. The International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War establishes another firm step in the right direction.

  7. On "Telepathic dreams?": an unpublished paper by Robert J. Stoller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, E L

    2001-01-01

    In 1973 Robert Stoller wrote a paper on a series of dreams-his own and his patients'--that he reluctantly found himself calling "telepathic." He never submitted the paper for publication, though he returned to the topic of unconscious communication and telepathy with increasing fascination in the years before his death. Publication of Stoller's paper seems particularly opportune just now. In it he pleads for open-minded examination of data, however alien to current scientific belief those data seem. In the past, despite numerous published reports of possibly telepathic experiences in analysis, their investigation remained relatively one-sided, since a technical posture of anonymity with patients constrained analysts from revealing that a communication struck them as telepathic. This has limited what analysts have been able to learn about the information actually exchanged, how it was exchanged, and whether the communication was experienced as uncanny by the patient. Recent attention to the intersubjective nature of the analytic situation has led to a deemphasis of anonymity, opening freer dialogue that may facilitate the rigorous investigation Stoller calls for. Such investigation may further analytic understanding of unconscious mental function and communication in the clinical setting, and lend perspective to the growing body of carefully controlled experimental research on anomalous mental phenomena.

  8. Robert G Edwards and the Roman Catholic Church.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benagiano, Giuseppe; Carrara, Sabina; Filippi, Valentina

    2011-06-01

    The Roman Catholic Church reacted negatively to the announcement that the Nobel Prize for Medicine had been awarded to Robert G Edwards. Thirty-three years ago, Cardinal Albino Luciani, on the eve of his election to become Pope, stated that, whereas progress is certainly a beautiful thing, mankind has not always benefited from progress. Catholic criticism has raised seven points: (i) God wants human life to begin through the 'conjugal act' and not artificially; (ii) artificial interventions at the beginning of human life are dangerous and ethically unacceptable; (iii) limits can be imposed even upon an individual's freedom to achieve a legitimate goal, such as having a child within marriage; (iv) the massive loss of preimplantation embryos characterizing IVF must be considered as a tragic loss of 'nascent' human persons; (v) Edwards bears a moral responsibility for all subsequent developments in assisted reproduction technology and for all 'abuses' made possible by IVF; (vi) there can be deleterious consequences for offspring of assisted reproduction technology; and (vii) Edwards' discovery did not eliminate the causes of infertility. This article elaborates from the Roman Catholic perspective on each of these points, some of which are found to be more substantial than others.

  9. New opening hours of the gates

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

    Please note the new opening hours of the gates as well as the intersites tunnel from the 19 May 2009: GATE A 7h - 19h GATE B 24h/24 GATE C 7h - 9h\t17h - 19h GATE D 8h - 12h\t13h - 16h GATE E 7h - 9h\t17h - 19h Prévessin 24h/24 The intersites tunnel will be opened from 7h30 to 18h non stop. GS-SEM Group Infrastructure and General Services Department

  10. Robert Langdon's Hero's Journey : Reading the Novels of Dan Brown with the perspective of the Monomyth

    OpenAIRE

    Klevskog, Emma

    2017-01-01

    This essay investigates the characteristics of Robert Langdon and his female helpers in Dan Brown’s novels Angels and Demons, The Da Vinci Code, The Lost symbol and Inferno.  In each of these novels, the quests are always solved by a male-female team. This essay is therefore going to focus on the character of Robert Langdon and his female helpers with the perspective of the Monomyth by Joseph Campbell. The protagonist Robert Langdon is a Harvard University professor specialised in religious i...

  11. Ionic thermoelectric gating organic transistors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Dan; Fabiano, Simone; Berggren, Magnus; Crispin, Xavier

    2017-01-01

    Temperature is one of the most important environmental stimuli to record and amplify. While traditional thermoelectric materials are attractive for temperature/heat flow sensing applications, their sensitivity is limited by their low Seebeck coefficient (∼100 μV K−1). Here we take advantage of the large ionic thermoelectric Seebeck coefficient found in polymer electrolytes (∼10,000 μV K−1) to introduce the concept of ionic thermoelectric gating a low-voltage organic transistor. The temperature sensing amplification of such ionic thermoelectric-gated devices is thousands of times superior to that of a single thermoelectric leg in traditional thermopiles. This suggests that ionic thermoelectric sensors offer a way to go beyond the limitations of traditional thermopiles and pyroelectric detectors. These findings pave the way for new infrared-gated electronic circuits with potential applications in photonics, thermography and electronic-skins. PMID:28139738

  12. Ionic thermoelectric gating organic transistors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Dan; Fabiano, Simone; Berggren, Magnus; Crispin, Xavier

    2017-01-01

    Temperature is one of the most important environmental stimuli to record and amplify. While traditional thermoelectric materials are attractive for temperature/heat flow sensing applications, their sensitivity is limited by their low Seebeck coefficient (~100 μV K-1). Here we take advantage of the large ionic thermoelectric Seebeck coefficient found in polymer electrolytes (~10,000 μV K-1) to introduce the concept of ionic thermoelectric gating a low-voltage organic transistor. The temperature sensing amplification of such ionic thermoelectric-gated devices is thousands of times superior to that of a single thermoelectric leg in traditional thermopiles. This suggests that ionic thermoelectric sensors offer a way to go beyond the limitations of traditional thermopiles and pyroelectric detectors. These findings pave the way for new infrared-gated electronic circuits with potential applications in photonics, thermography and electronic-skins.

  13. Localizing a gate in CFTR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xiaolong; Hwang, Tzyh-Chang

    2015-02-24

    Experimental and computational studies have painted a picture of the chloride permeation pathway in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) as a short narrow tunnel flanked by wider inner and outer vestibules. Although these studies also identified a number of transmembrane segments (TMs) as pore-lining, the exact location of CFTR's gate(s) remains unknown. Here, using a channel-permeant probe, [Au(CN)2](-), we provide evidence that CFTR bears a gate that coincides with the predicted narrow section of the pore defined as residues 338-341 in TM6. Specifically, cysteines introduced cytoplasmic to the narrow region (i.e., positions 344 in TM6 and 1148 in TM12) can be modified by intracellular [Au(CN)2](-) in both open and closed states, corroborating the conclusion that the internal vestibule does not harbor a gate. However, cysteines engineered to positions external to the presumed narrow region (e.g., 334, 335, and 337 in TM6) are all nonreactive toward cytoplasmic [Au(CN)2](-) in the absence of ATP, whereas they can be better accessed by extracellular [Au(CN)2](-) when the open probability is markedly reduced by introducing a second mutation, G1349D. As [Au(CN)2](-) and chloride ions share the same permeation pathway, these results imply a gate is situated between amino acid residues 337 and 344 along TM6, encompassing the very segment that may also serve as the selectivity filter for CFTR. The unique position of a gate in the middle of the ion translocation pathway diverges from those seen in ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and thus distinguishes CFTR from other members of the ABC transporter family.

  14. Respiratory gating in cardiac PET

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Martin Lyngby; Rasmussen, Thomas; Christensen, Thomas E

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Respiratory motion due to breathing during cardiac positron emission tomography (PET) results in spatial blurring and erroneous tracer quantification. Respiratory gating might represent a solution by dividing the PET coincidence dataset into smaller respiratory phase subsets. The aim...... stress (82)RB-PET. Respiratory rates and depths were measured by a respiratory gating system in addition to registering actual respiratory rates. Patients undergoing adenosine stress showed a decrease in measured respiratory rate from initial to later scan phase measurements [12.4 (±5.7) vs 5.6 (±4.......7) min(-1), P PET...

  15. Intervjuu American Wind Symphony Orchestra dirigendi Robert Austin Boudreau'ga = Interview with Mr. Robert Austin Boudreau, director of the American Wind Symphony Orchestra / Robert Austin Boudreau ; interv. Heli Ojamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Boudreau, Robert Austin

    2007-01-01

    11. IV 2007. a. tehtud telefoniintervjuu Robert A. Boudreau'ga, kellele arhitekt Louis I. Kahn disainis kontserdilaevad Point Counterpoint I (valmis 1961) ja Point Counterppoint II (kavandamist alustati 1966, valmis 1975). Louis I. Kahnist, koostööst arhitektiga ja laevadest. Selgitav kaaskiri arhitekt Heli Ojamaalt. Ill.: I laeva makett, II laeva joonised ja 4 värv. fotot

  16. Intervjuu American Wind Symphony Orchestra dirigendi Robert Austin Boudreau'ga = Interview with Mr. Robert Austin Boudreau, director of the American Wind Symphony Orchestra / Robert Austin Boudreau ; interv. Heli Ojamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Boudreau, Robert Austin

    2007-01-01

    11. IV 2007. a. tehtud telefoniintervjuu Robert A. Boudreau'ga, kellele arhitekt Louis I. Kahn disainis kontserdilaevad Point Counterpoint I (valmis 1961) ja Point Counterppoint II (kavandamist alustati 1966, valmis 1975). Louis I. Kahnist, koostööst arhitektiga ja laevadest. Selgitav kaaskiri arhitekt Heli Ojamaalt. Ill.: I laeva makett, II laeva joonised ja 4 värv. fotot

  17. A contribuição de Robert Wilhelm Bunsen e Gustav Robert Kirchhoff para a espectroscopia do século XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Pirolo, Marcelo

    2010-01-01

    Esta dissertação aborda o trabalho de dois pesquisadores alemães, Robert Wilhelm Bunsen e Gustav Robert Kirchhoff que, no século XIX, fizeram uma síntese dos procedimentos em utilizados em espectroscopia até o momento, modificando alguns métodos e auxiliando numa melhor compreensão e análise da luz emitida por materiais incandescentes. Após alguns experimentos desenvolvidos com Henry Roscoe sobre fotoquímica, Bunsen dedicou-se, juntamente com Kirchhoff, às análises espectrais. A espectroscopi...

  18. Defense styles of pedophilic offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drapeau, Martin; Beretta, Véronique; de Roten, Yves; Koerner, Annett; Despland, Jean-Nicolas

    2008-04-01

    This pilot study investigated the defense styles of pedophile sexual offenders. Interviews with 20 pedophiles and 20 controls were scored using the Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales. Results showed that pedophiles had a significantly lower overall defensive functioning score than the controls. Pedophiles used significantly fewer obsessional-level defenses but more major image-distorting and action-level defenses. Results also suggested differences in the prevalence of individual defenses where pedophiles used more dissociation, displacement, denial, autistic fantasy, splitting of object, projective identification, acting out, and passive aggressive behavior but less intellectualization and rationalization.

  19. Professor Robert D. Putnam : sotsiaalse kapitali suurendamiseks tuleb luua sildu / Dagmar Lamp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lamp, Dagmar

    2006-01-01

    26. mail 2006. a. Tallinnas Avatud Ühiskonna XI Foorumil esines Harvardi ülikooli professor Robert D. Putnam ettekandega sotsiaalsest, füüsilisest ja inimkapitalist ning sotsiaalsete võrgustike väärtusest

  20. Must, valge + hall : Sam Wagstaffi ja Robert Mapplethorpe'i portree / Madis Palm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palm, Madis

    2008-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm "Black, White & Gray: Sam Wagstaff and Robert Mapplethorpe" : autor ja režissöör James Crump : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. Filmi näidati filminädala "Art in America" raames Tallinnas

  1. Kventin Tarantino + Robert Rodriges = Grainhaus, ili Kinonostalgija po-amerikanski / Andrei Sozinov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sozinov, Andrei

    2007-01-01

    Filmiprojekt "Grindhouse" koosneb Robert Rodrigueze retroõudukast "Grindhouse : Õuduste planeet" ("Planet Terror") ja Quentin Tarantino 70-ndatest inspireeritud õudusfilmist "Surmakindel" ("Death Proof") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007

  2. Kablilt Casablancasse : Eesti suurim seikleja John Robert Ignace Lepp 100 / Vello Salo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salo, Vello, 1925-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti päritolu seikleja John Robert Lepp, Prantsusmaal tuntud kui katoliku kiriku preester Ignace Lepp, avaldas prantsuse ja saksa keeles hulgaliselt raamatuid psühholoogia, filosoofia ja religiooni valdkonnast

  3. Must, valge + hall : Sam Wagstaffi ja Robert Mapplethorpe'i portree / Madis Palm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palm, Madis

    2008-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm "Black, White & Gray: Sam Wagstaff and Robert Mapplethorpe" : autor ja režissöör James Crump : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. Filmi näidati filminädala "Art in America" raames Tallinnas

  4. Building the Speechwriter-Principal Relationship: Minority Leader Robert Michel Confronts His Ghost.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medhurst, Martin J.; Dreibelbis, Gary C.

    1986-01-01

    Examines the interpersonal relationship between Robert Michel, Minority Leader of the House of Representatives, and William F. Gavin, his speechwriter, and how that relationship structures and defines the speechwriting process. (RS)

  5. Kollaaž ja kontekst. Robert Rumase liiklusmärgid Tallinnas / Hanno Soans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Sekkuv kunst. Poola kunstniku Robert Rumase (1966) rahvusvahelisest kunstiprojektist "Linnamanöövrid", Kai Kaljo videost "One way to see America", Krzysztof Wodicko "Kodutute projektsioonist" ja New York City Unioni väljaku ümberkorraldamisest

  6. Robert Bresson, Mariano Barroso, Paskaljevich, Mary Harron, David Trueba, Lars von Trier, Liv Ullmann, Zhang Yimou

    OpenAIRE

    La madriguera

    2000-01-01

    La madriguera (2000). Robert Bresson, Mariano Barroso, Paskaljevich, Mary Harron, David Trueba, Lars von Trier, Liv Ullmann, Zhang Yimou. Ediciones de intervención cultural S.L. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/41911. 80 80 33

  7. Kust tuleb huvi looduse vastu? / Fred Jüssi, Robert Oetjen, Toomas Jüriado... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid loodusfotograaf ja publitsist Fred Jüssi, Tartu keskkonnahariduse keskuse juhataja Robert Oetjen, zooloog ja publitsist Aleksei Turovski, Nõo põhikooli bioloogia- ja geograafiaõpetaja Evi Piirsalu, ning loodusajakirjanik Toomas Jüriado

  8. Marian Roberts, Developing the Craft of Mediation: Reflections on Theory and Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghislaine M. Lanteigne

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In Developing the Craft of Mediation, Marian Roberts proposes that mediation is akin to a craft with its focus on learning from experience and from others working in the field to develop and master knowledge and skills.

  9. Professor Robert D. Putnam : sotsiaalse kapitali suurendamiseks tuleb luua sildu / Dagmar Lamp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lamp, Dagmar

    2006-01-01

    26. mail 2006. a. Tallinnas Avatud Ühiskonna XI Foorumil esines Harvardi ülikooli professor Robert D. Putnam ettekandega sotsiaalsest, füüsilisest ja inimkapitalist ning sotsiaalsete võrgustike väärtusest

  10. Kventin Tarantino + Robert Rodriges = Grainhaus, ili Kinonostalgija po-amerikanski / Andrei Sozinov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sozinov, Andrei

    2007-01-01

    Filmiprojekt "Grindhouse" koosneb Robert Rodrigueze retroõudukast "Grindhouse : Õuduste planeet" ("Planet Terror") ja Quentin Tarantino 70-ndatest inspireeritud õudusfilmist "Surmakindel" ("Death Proof") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007

  11. Kollaaž ja kontekst. Robert Rumase liiklusmärgid Tallinnas / Hanno Soans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Sekkuv kunst. Poola kunstniku Robert Rumase (1966) rahvusvahelisest kunstiprojektist "Linnamanöövrid", Kai Kaljo videost "One way to see America", Krzysztof Wodicko "Kodutute projektsioonist" ja New York City Unioni väljaku ümberkorraldamisest

  12. Reversible logic gate using adiabatic superconducting devices

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Takeuchi, N; Yamanashi, Y; Yoshikawa, N

    2014-01-01

    .... However, until now, no practical reversible logic gates have been demonstrated. One of the problems is that reversible logic gates must be built by using extremely energy-efficient logic devices...

  13. BEARING FORCES OF EMERGENCY GATE DURING SHUTOFF

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    For an emergency gate in a surge tank, forces acting on the gate were systematically tested and analyzed, including pulling forces resulted from water hammer because of the sudden rejection of all loads in turbine units under different gate levels, and forces during the process of gate shutoff under the conditions of different number of running turbine units. Besides, for the pulling force on the top of gate, their variation processes with time and extent of gate opening were also tested. It is shown that the calculated value of gate pulling force agrees on the whole with the tested one. The results indicate that the emergency gate in the extraordinary large surge tank of WWS hydropower station is safe under the above testing conditions. The related data in the present paper are helpful for the study on an emergency in a sure tank.

  14. Gating Technology for Vertically Parted Green Sand Moulds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Per

    Gating technology for vertically parted green sand moulds. Literature study of different ways of designing gating systems.......Gating technology for vertically parted green sand moulds. Literature study of different ways of designing gating systems....

  15. PsychoNeuroImmunology Research Society's Robert Ader New Investigator Award.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Dr. Aric A. Prather, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), is the recipient of the 2015 Robert Ader New Investigator Award and will present on his research at the PsychoNeuroImmunology Research Society (PNIRS) meeting, June 3–6, Seattle, WA. The Robert Ader New Investigator Award is presented to an outstanding new research scientist who has made exciting basic science or clinical contributions to the field of psychoneuroimmunology.

  16. Gate-enclosed NMOS transistors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Xue; Li Ping; Li Wei; Zhang Bin; Xie Xiaodong; Wang Gang; Hu Bin; Zhai Yahong

    2011-01-01

    In order to quantitatively compare the design cost and performance of various gate styles,NMOS transistors with two-edged,annular and ring gate layouts were designed and fabricated by a commercial 0.35 μm CMOS process.By comparing the minimum W/L ratios and transistor areas,it was found that either the annular layout or its ring counterpart incurs a higher area penalty that depends on the W/L ratio of the transistor to be designed.Furthermore,by comparing the output and transfer characteristics of the transistors and analyzing the popular existing methods for extracting the effective W/L ratio,it was shown that the mid-line approximation for annular NMOS could incur an error of more than 10%.It was also demonstrated that the foundry-provided extraction tool needs significant adaptation when being applied to the enclosed-gate transistors,since it is targeted only toward the two-edged transistor.A simple approach for rough extraction of the W/L ratio for the ring-gate NMOS was presented and its effectiveness was confirmed by the experimental results with an error up to 8%.

  17. Bill Gates eyes healthcare market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunbar, C

    1995-02-01

    The entrepreneurial spirit is still top in Bill Gates' mind as he look toward healthcare and other growth industries. Microsoft's CEO has not intention of going the way of other large technology companies that became obsolete before they could compete today.

  18. Defense Research Enterprise Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Please review the report findings and recommendations. I am interested in receiving your feedback for inclusion in programs wherever these...needed culture shift to utilize their existing authorities. Finally, expanded coordination among intermural basic research portfolios across the Labs...research portfolios across the Labs without creating additional administrative burdens is needed. The defense research enterprise should

  19. AFRL Defensive IO Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Wireless Information Assurance • Steganography • Air Force Enterprise Defense (AFED) 10 Distributed Agents for Information Warfare Operational...information (images, documents, overlays, audio , links, etc.) •multi-level data release to coalition forces; key-based access •covert communication...maximize throughput of communication channels Data Hiding/Embedding Steganography Watermarking Steganalysis 14 Payoffs • Integrates existing

  20. Defense Business Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    other. SCM and ERP systems both contribute to the overall distribution and coordination of resources. Just as an ERP enhances information flow...inventory management system (Thureen 2008). It combines the Army’s disparate wholesale and retail inventories, into one combined system (Sparacino 2002...Studies.............................................................................. 73 1. Defense Integrated Military Human Resource System

  1. Robust Preallocated Preferential Defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    Frye , W.H. and Ullman, L.L., Methodology for Calculating Minuteman Defense Effectiveness, SRD-EGI4, Stanford Research Institute, October 1973. 4. Hogg...Corporation 1500 Wilson Boulevard Arlington, VA 22209 ATTN: Dr. Tucker Battle Dr. James Skouras Dr. Iram Weinstein Northrop Corporation 8900 E. Washington

  2. Robert Klopstock and Franz Kafka--the friends from Tatranské Matliare (the High Tatras).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mydlík, M; Derzsiová, K

    2007-01-01

    The paper summarises the accessible literature on the life and work of well-known American lung surgeon, Professor Dr. Med. Robert Klopstock, who was in the years 1920-1924 a friend Franz Kafka. Professor Klopstock was of Hungarian origin and he got acquainted with Franz Kafka at the end of the year 1920 in Tatranské Matliare (The High Tatras). They were both patients treated for lung tuberculosis. They became close friends and their mutual correspondence shows their real friendship. Robert Klopstock was present at Franz Kafka's death-bed on June 3, 1924 in Kierling, near Klosterneuburg, not far from Vienna. Robert Klopstock studied at Medical Faculties of the Universities in Budapest, Prague, Kiel and Berlin. After his graduation in 1933 in Berlin, he worked as a lung surgeon at various surgical clinics and departments in Budapest and Berlin. In 1936 Robert Klopstock together with his wife visited the High Tatras and Tatranské Matliare. In 1937 Robert Klopstock with his wife Gizela, a writer and a translator, who translated the first chapters of Franz Kafka's novel "Trial" into Hungarian language, went to United States of America. During his stay in U.S.A. Dr. Med. Robert Klopstock was very active as a lung surgeon and a scientist. He published 64 specialized scientific papers, mostly in American medical journals. He became Professor of Lung Surgery at Downstate Medical Centre in New York-Brooklyn. He died on June 15, 1972 in New York.

  3. Quantum Circuit Synthesis using a New Quantum Logic Gate Library of NCV Quantum Gates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhiqiang; Chen, Sai; Song, Xiaoyu; Perkowski, Marek; Chen, Hanwu; Zhu, Wei

    2017-04-01

    Since Controlled-Square-Root-of-NOT (CV, CV‡) gates are not permutative quantum gates, many existing methods cannot effectively synthesize optimal 3-qubit circuits directly using the NOT, CNOT, Controlled-Square-Root-of-NOT quantum gate library (NCV), and the key of effective methods is the mapping of NCV gates to four-valued quantum gates. Firstly, we use NCV gates to create the new quantum logic gate library, which can be directly used to get the solutions with smaller quantum costs efficiently. Further, we present a novel generic method which quickly and directly constructs this new optimal quantum logic gate library using CNOT and Controlled-Square-Root-of-NOT gates. Finally, we present several encouraging experiments using these new permutative gates, and give a careful analysis of the method, which introduces a new idea to quantum circuit synthesis.

  4. Quantum Circuit Synthesis using a New Quantum Logic Gate Library of NCV Quantum Gates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhiqiang; Chen, Sai; Song, Xiaoyu; Perkowski, Marek; Chen, Hanwu; Zhu, Wei

    2016-12-01

    Since Controlled-Square-Root-of-NOT (CV, CV‡) gates are not permutative quantum gates, many existing methods cannot effectively synthesize optimal 3-qubit circuits directly using the NOT, CNOT, Controlled-Square-Root-of-NOT quantum gate library (NCV), and the key of effective methods is the mapping of NCV gates to four-valued quantum gates. Firstly, we use NCV gates to create the new quantum logic gate library, which can be directly used to get the solutions with smaller quantum costs efficiently. Further, we present a novel generic method which quickly and directly constructs this new optimal quantum logic gate library using CNOT and Controlled-Square-Root-of-NOT gates. Finally, we present several encouraging experiments using these new permutative gates, and give a careful analysis of the method, which introduces a new idea to quantum circuit synthesis.

  5. Defense Institution Building: An Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    MoDA and DIILS Support of DIB Activity Objectives . . . . . . . 26 2.8. Overlapping Program Objectives...Wales Initiative Fund–Defense Institution Building (WIF-DIB), the Ministry of Defense Advisors ( MoDA ) program, and the Defense Insti- tute of...other events and activities related to a partner nation’s defense institution capabilities and capacity. One exception is MoDA , where engagements are

  6. The Robert E. Hopkins Center for Optical Design and Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavislan, James M.; Brown, Thomas G.

    2008-08-01

    preparation for these students. While this extracurricular experience is truly world-class, an integrated design experience defined within our academic program is increasingly necessary for those going on to professional careers in engineering. This paper describes the philosophy behind a revision to our undergraduate curriculum that integrates a design experience and describes the engineering laboratory that has been established to make it a reality. The laboratory and design center has been named in honor of Robert E. Hopkins, former director and professor, co-founder of Tropel corporation, and a lifelong devotee to engineering innovation.

  7. The Noncommutative Doplicher-Fredenhagen-Roberts-Amorim Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Everton M.C. Abreu

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This work is an effort in order to compose a pedestrian review of the recently elaborated Doplicher, Fredenhagen, Roberts and Amorim (DFRA noncommutative (NC space which is a minimal extension of the DFR space. In this DRFA space, the object of noncommutativity (θ^{μν} is a variable of the NC system and has a canonical conjugate momentum. Namely, for instance, in NC quantum mechanics we will show that θ^{ij} (i,j=1,2,3 is an operator in Hilbert space and we will explore the consequences of this so-called ''operationalization''. The DFRA formalism is constructed in an extended space-time with independent degrees of freedom associated with the object of noncommutativity θμν. We will study the symmetry properties of an extended x+θ space-time, given by the group P', which has the Poincaré group P as a subgroup. The Noether formalism adapted to such extended x+θ (D=4+6 space-time is depicted. A consistent algebra involving the enlarged set of canonical operators is described, which permits one to construct theories that are dynamically invariant under the action of the rotation group. In this framework it is also possible to give dynamics to the NC operator sector, resulting in new features. A consistent classical mechanics formulation is analyzed in such a way that, under quantization, it furnishes a NC quantum theory with interesting results. The Dirac formalism for constrained Hamiltonian systems is considered and the object of noncommutativity θ^{ij} plays a fundamental role as an independent quantity. Next, we explain the dynamical spacetime symmetries in NC relativistic theories by using the DFRA algebra. It is also explained about the generalized Dirac equation issue, that the fermionic field depends not only on the ordinary coordinates but on θ^{μν} as well. The dynamical symmetry content of such fermionic theory is discussed, and we show that its action is invariant under P'. In the last part of this work we analyze the

  8. Roberts Bank: Ecological crucible of the Fraser River estuary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutherland, Terri F.; Elner, Robert W.; O'Neill, Jennifer D.

    2013-08-01

    Roberts Bank, part of the Fraser River delta system on Canada's Pacific coast, is a dynamic estuarine environment supporting important fisheries as well as internationally significant populations of migratory shorebirds. The 8000 ha bank environment comprises a complex of riparian boundaries, intertidal marshes, mud and sand flats, eelgrass meadows, macroalgae and biofilms. Anthropogenic developments (a ferry causeway in 1961 and a port causeway in 1969) have been responsible for changes in tidal flow patterns, tidal elevation, sediment transport and the net expansion of eelgrass beds. The goals of the present study were to (1) directly compare geotechnical properties spanning each side of the coalport causeway, and (2) enhance our understanding of the intercauseway ecosystem under a high-resolution sampling design. Sediment properties (grain size, porosity, organic content, and chlorophyll) and biological communities (eelgrass, macrofauna (0.5-1.0 mm) and meiofauna (0.063-0.5 mm)) were surveyed in 1997 at three stations outside the intercauseway area and three lateral transects spanning the intercauseway tidal flat at tidal heights representing three different habitats: biofilm, Zostera japonica, and Zostera marina. A fine-silt organic-rich porous deposit was observed on the shoreward north side of the coalport causeway relative to the south counterpart, suggesting that consolidation and erosion processes could likely not keep pace with the deposition of Fraser River silt. High chlorophyll levels were found in the protected shoreward northern border of the ferry causeway where fine sands dominate and higher water transparency exists, owing to the redirection of the silt-laden river plume by the coalport causeway. Principle Components Analysis revealed a positive relationship between these porous, organic-rich sediments and cumacean abundance in all regions where eelgrass was absent, including the north side of the coalport causeway. Further, a positive

  9. Gates Wide Shut. Un’ipotesi comparatistica per lo studio delle gated communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Chiurato

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo indaga in una prospettiva comparatistica l’emergenza e l’evoluzione dell’immagine della “comunità fortificata” (gated community, con una particolare attenzione alla sua declinazione all’interno del genere romanzesco (I. Levin; J. G. Ballard; C. Piñeiro. Nato e sviluppatosi all’interno dell’immaginario anglosassone, tale paradigma postmetropolitano sembra infatti aver attecchito con successo in altri contesti storico-geografici, adattandosi plasticamente all’evoluzione del “discorso” della globalizzazione: dall’affermarsi delle retoriche del libero mercato tra gli anni Ottanta e Novanta; al risorgere delle ragioni della sicurezza e del territorio in coincidenza con l’inizio del nuovo millennio; per arrivare, infine, ai tempi più recenti della crisi economica. Lo scopo dell’analisi sarà quello di dimostrare in che misura questo “motivo” sia stato utilizzato per drammatizzare e tematizzare alcuni aspetti della correlazione tra le due dimensioni della world literature (il locale e il globale tra cui: il controllo e la gestione del movimento di merci e persone attraverso la pianificazione urbana; la ridefinizione delle tradizionali opposizioni topologiche ereditate dalla modernità (dentro/fuori, centro/periferia; la creazione di zone ibride, di nuovi paradigmi di appartenenza ed esclusione e di nuove “comunità immaginate”.The aim of the paper is to analyse, in a comparative perspective, the emergence and the evolution of the gated community’s image within the novels of the last four decades (I. Levin; J. G. Ballard; C. Piñeiro. Born and grown within the Anglo-Saxon imagery, the gated community paradigm seems to have spread in different historical and geographical contexts, adapting itself to the different phases of the globalization “discourse”: from the rise of neoliberal rhetoric between the Eighties and the Nineties, through the reemergence of the problems connected to security control

  10. Environmental noise reduction for holonomic quantum gates

    CERN Document Server

    Parodi, Daniele; Solinas, Paolo; Zanghì, Nino

    2007-01-01

    We study the performance of holonomic quantum gates, driven by lasers, under the effect of a dissipative environment modeled as a thermal bath of oscillators. We show how to enhance the performance of the gates by suitable choice of the loop in the manifold of the controllable parameters of the laser. For a simplified, albeit realistic model, we find the surprising result that for a long time evolution the performance of the gate (properly estimated in terms of average fidelity) increases. On the basis of this result, we compare holonomic gates with the so-called STIRAP gates.

  11. Obituary: Ralph Robert Robbins, Jr., 1938-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemenway, Mary Kay; Jefferys, William H.; Lambert, David L.

    2007-12-01

    Ralph Robert Robbins, Jr., died on 2 December 2005, in Kyle, Texas. His wife, Maria Elena Robbins, his daughters Julia Robbins Kelso and Stephanie Juarez Balles, his son Matthew Juarez, and five grandchildren survive him. Bob was on the faculty at the University of Texas from 1968 until his retirement in 2003. Bob was born in Wichita, Kansas, on 2 September 1938, the only son of Mildred and Ralph Robert Robbins, Sr. Guided by his high school's policy to provide a practical education to children of working-class parents, Bob began high school with a heavy dose of vocational courses until the results of a test indicated his special talent in mathematics. He was awarded a full scholarship to Yale University, graduating magna cum laude in mathematics in 1960. He won the Warner Prize in Mathematics at Yale that year. He received his Ph.D. in 1966 with a dissertation entitled "The Triplet Spectrum of Neutral Helium in Expanding Nebulae" from the University of California at Berkeley. His interest in college teaching was ignited at this time through summer teaching positions at San Mateo California Junior College and the Ohio State University. Following a year at Texas as a McDonald Observatory Post-doctoral Fellow, Bob taught for a year in the physics department of the University of Houston before returning to the University of Texas at Austin as an Assistant Professor of Astronomy in 1968. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1972. Bob's research in the early 1970s on theoretical studies of helium was of vital importance to astronomers for over three decades. These pioneering calculations became vital to observational astronomers in the mid-1990s as interest grew in the primordial helium produced by the Big Bang. Bob's interest and influence in education was international in scope. In the summers 1968-1970, he was a government consultant in Mathematics in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). He consulted with the government that was preparing a master plan for technical

  12. Gate stack technology for nanoscale devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byoung Hun Lee

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Scaling of the gate stack has been a key to enhancing the performance of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS field-effect transistors (FETs of past technology generations. Because the rate of gate stack scaling has diminished in recent years, the motivation for alternative gate stacks or novel device structures has increased considerably. Intense research during the last decade has led to the development of high dielectric constant (k gate stacks that match the performance of conventional SiO2-based gate dielectrics. However, many challenges remain before alternative gate stacks can be introduced into mainstream technology. We review the current status of and challenges in gate stack research for planar CMOS devices and alternative device technologies to provide insights for future research.

  13. Avian host defense peptides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuperus, Tryntsje; Coorens, Maarten; van Dijk, Albert; Haagsman, Henk P

    2013-11-01

    Host defense peptides (HDPs) are important effector molecules of the innate immune system of vertebrates. These antimicrobial peptides are also present in invertebrates, plants and fungi. HDPs display broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and fulfill an important role in the first line of defense of many organisms. It is becoming increasingly clear that in the animal kingdom the functions of HDPs are not confined to direct antimicrobial actions. Research in mammals has indicated that HDPs have many immunomodulatory functions and are also involved in other physiological processes ranging from development to wound healing. During the past five years our knowledge about avian HDPs has increased considerably. This review addresses our current knowledge on the evolution, regulation and biological functions of HDPs of birds.

  14. A Defense Budget Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-09

    budget practices. See Appendix D for the actual timetable of congressional action on the FY1999 budget.65 See James V. Saturno , The Appropriations...details, see James V. Saturno , The Appropriations Process and the Congressional69 Budget Act, CRS Report 97-947. Table 6. Milestone Votes on the Defense...James V. Saturno , The74 Appropriations Process and the Congressional Budget Act, CRS Report 97-947. The Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 and subsequent

  15. Defensive Minefield Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-01

    Minefield Planning by Carlos Vallejo Game Lieutenant, Ecuadorian Navy B. S., Escuela Superior Naval, Ecuador 1980 Submitted in partial fulfillment of...was a superior open-ocean naval force to the North Koreans, defensive minewarfare was able to, at least temporarily, defeat U.S. Navy objectives in...Oswaldo Rosero 1 Unit 8 Coastal Route 1 Monterey, California 93940 77 11. Office of the N’aval Attache 4 Direccion de Educacion 2535 15th. st. N. W

  16. Plant Defense against Insect Herbivores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar. Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight, defense compounds. These bioactive specialized plant defense compounds may repel or intoxicate insects, while defense proteins often interfere with their digestion. Volatiles are released upon herbivory to repel herbivores, attract predators or for communication between leaves or plants, and to induce defense responses. Plants also apply morphological features like waxes, trichomes and latices to make the feeding more difficult for the insects. Extrafloral nectar, food bodies and nesting or refuge sites are produced to accommodate and feed the predators of the herbivores. Meanwhile, herbivorous insects have adapted to resist plant defenses, and in some cases even sequester the compounds and reuse them in their own defense. Both plant defense and insect adaptation involve metabolic costs, so most plant-insect interactions reach a stand-off, where both host and herbivore survive although their development is suboptimal. PMID:23681010

  17. Plant defense against insect herbivores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    have adapted to resist plant defenses, and in some cases even sequester the compounds and reuse them in their own defense. Both plant defense and insect adaptation involve metabolic costs, so most plant-insect interactions reach a stand-off, where both host and herbivore survive although......Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar....... Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight...

  18. Microscale Digital Vacuum Electronic Gates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manohara, Harish (Inventor); Mojarradi, Mohammed M. (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention implement microscale digital vacuum electronic gates. In one embodiment, a microscale digital vacuum electronic gate includes: a microscale field emitter that can emit electrons and that is a microscale cathode; and a microscale anode; where the microscale field emitter and the microscale anode are disposed within at least a partial vacuum; where the microscale field emitter and the microscale anode are separated by a gap; and where the potential difference between the microscale field emitter and the microscale anode is controllable such that the flow of electrons between the microscale field emitter and the microscale anode is thereby controllable; where when the microscale anode receives a flow of electrons, a first logic state is defined; and where when the microscale anode does not receive a flow of electrons, a second logic state is defined.

  19. Voltage-gated Proton Channels

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCoursey, Thomas E.

    2014-01-01

    Voltage-gated proton channels, HV1, have vaulted from the realm of the esoteric into the forefront of a central question facing ion channel biophysicists, namely the mechanism by which voltage-dependent gating occurs. This transformation is the result of several factors. Identification of the gene in 2006 revealed that proton channels are homologues of the voltage-sensing domain of most other voltage-gated ion channels. Unique, or at least eccentric, properties of proton channels include dimeric architecture with dual conduction pathways, perfect proton selectivity, a single-channel conductance ~103 smaller than most ion channels, voltage-dependent gating that is strongly modulated by the pH gradient, ΔpH, and potent inhibition by Zn2+ (in many species) but an absence of other potent inhibitors. The recent identification of HV1 in three unicellular marine plankton species has dramatically expanded the phylogenetic family tree. Interest in proton channels in their own right has increased as important physiological roles have been identified in many cells. Proton channels trigger the bioluminescent flash of dinoflagellates, facilitate calcification by coccolithophores, regulate pH-dependent processes in eggs and sperm during fertilization, secrete acid to control the pH of airway fluids, facilitate histamine secretion by basophils, and play a signaling role in facilitating B-cell receptor mediated responses in B lymphocytes. The most elaborate and best-established functions occur in phagocytes, where proton channels optimize the activity of NADPH oxidase, an important producer of reactive oxygen species. Proton efflux mediated by HV1 balances the charge translocated across the membrane by electrons through NADPH oxidase, minimizes changes in cytoplasmic and phagosomal pH, limits osmotic swelling of the phagosome, and provides substrate H+ for the production of H2O2 and HOCl, reactive oxygen species crucial to killing pathogens. PMID:23798303

  20. EDITORIAL: Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2012 Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherry, Simon; Ruffle, Jon

    2013-08-01

    The publishers of Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB), IOP Publishing, in association with the journal owners, the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM), jointly award the Roberts prize for the best paper published in PMB during the previous year. The procedure for deciding the winner is a two-stage process. First, a shortlist of contenders is drawn up based on those papers that had the best referees' quality assessments, with a further quality check and endorsement by the Editorial Board. The papers on the shortlist are then reviewed by a specially convened IPEM committee consisting of members with fellow status. This committee reads the shortlisted papers and selects the winner. We have much pleasure in advising readers that the Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2012 is awarded to Michel Defrise, Ahmadreza Rezaei and Johan Nuyts from the Vrije Universiteit Brussels and the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium for their breakthrough paper that describes how the information needed for attenuation correction in PET imaging can be extracted, to within a constant, from time-of-flight emission data: Time-of-flight PET data determine the attenuation sinogram up to a constant 2012 Phys. Med. Biol. 57 885 Michel Defrise1, Ahmadreza Rezaei2 and Johan Nuyts2 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, B-1090 Brussels, Belgium 2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium This paper represents an important and timely contribution to the literature as time-of-flight PET scanners are now offered by several manufacturers. In hybrid PET/CT scanners, the PET attenuation correction, necessary for quantitative reconstruction of the tracer distribution, can be derived directly from the CT data. Sometimes, however, the PET and CT scans may be poorly aligned due to patient motion and other approaches are needed. In addition, hybrid PET/MRI scanners also, have been developed recently, and in

  1. DEFENSE PROGRAMS RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin PREDA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available For the past years defense programs have faced delays in delivering defense capabilities and budget overruns. Stakeholders are looking for ways to improve program management and the decision making process given the very fluid and uncertain economic and political environment. Consequently, they have increasingly resorted to risk management as the main management tool for achieving defense programs objectives and for delivering the defense capabilities strongly needed for the soldiers on the ground on time and within limited defense budgets. Following a risk management based decision-making approach the stakeholders are expected not only to protect program objectives against a wide range of risks but, at the same time, to take advantage of the opportunities to increase the likelihood of program success. The prerequisite for making risk management the main tool for achieving defense programs objectives is the design and implementation of a strong risk management framework as a foundation providing an efficient and effective application of the best risk management practices. The aim of this paper is to examine the risk management framework for defense programs based on the ISO 31000:2009 standard, best risk management practices and the defense programs’ needs and particularities. For the purposes of this article, the term of defense programs refers to joint defense programs.

  2. EDITORIAL: Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2010 Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Steve; Harris, Simon

    2011-08-01

    The publishers of Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB), IOP Publishing, in association with the journal owners, the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM), jointly award an annual prize for the best paper published in PMB during the previous year. The procedure for deciding the winner has been made as thorough as possible, to try to ensure that an outstanding paper wins the prize. We started off with a shortlist of the 10 research papers published in 2010 which were rated the best based on the referees' quality assessments. Following the submission of a short 'case for winning' document by each of the shortlisted authors, an IPEM college of jurors of the status of FIPEM assessed and rated these 10 papers in order to choose a winner, which was then endorsed by the Editorial Board. We have much pleasure in advising readers that the Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2010 is awarded to M M Paulides et al from Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, for their paper on hyperthermia treatment: The clinical feasibility of deep hyperthermia treatment in the head and neck: new challenges for positioning and temperature measurement M M Paulides, J F Bakker, M Linthorst, J van der Zee, Z Rijnen, E Neufeld, P M T Pattynama, P P Jansen, P C Levendag and G C van Rhoon 2010 Phys. Med. Biol. 55 2465 Our congratulations go to these authors. Of course all of the shortlisted papers were of great merit, and the full top-10 is listed below (in alphabetical order). Steve Webb Editor-in-Chief Simon Harris Publisher References Alonzo-Proulx O, Packard N, Boone J M, Al-Mayah A, Brock K K, Shen S Z and Yaffe M J 2010 Validation of a method for measuring the volumetric breast density from digital mammograms Phys. Med. Biol. 55 3027 Bian J, Siewerdsen J H, Han X, Sidky E Y, Prince J L, Pelizzari C A and Pan X 2010 Evaluation of sparse-view reconstruction from flat-panel-detector cone-beam CT Phys. Med. Biol. 55 6575 Brun M-A, Formanek F, Yasuda A, Sekine M, Ando N

  3. EDITORIAL: Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2009 Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Steve; Harris, Simon

    2010-07-01

    The publishers of Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB), IOP Publishing, in association with the journal owners, the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM), jointly award an annual prize for the best paper published in PMB during the previous year. The procedure for deciding the winner has been made as thorough as possible, to try to ensure that an outstanding paper wins the prize. We started off with a shortlist of the 10 research papers published in 2009 which were rated the best based on the referees' quality assessments. Following the submission of a short 'case for winning' document by each of the shortlisted authors, an IPEM college of jurors of the status of FIPEM assessed and rated these 10 papers in order to choose a winner, which was then endorsed by the Editorial Board. We have a clear, and very worthy, winner this year. We have much pleasure in advising readers that the 2009 Roberts Prize is awarded to E Z Zhang et al from University College London for their paper on photoacoustic tomography. In vivo high resolution 3D photoacoustic imaging of superficial vascular anatomy E Z Zhang, J G Laufer, R B Pedley and P C Beard 2009 Phys. Med. Biol. 54 1035-46 Our congratulations go to these authors. Of course all of the shortlisted papers were of great merit, and the full top-10 is listed below (in alphabetical order). Steve Webb Editor-in-Chief Simon Harris Publisher References Cheng Y-C N , Neelavalli J and Haacke E M 2009 Limitations of calculating field distributions and magnetic susceptibilities in MRI using a Fourier based method Phys. Med. Biol. 54 1169-89 Cho S, Ahn S, Li Q and Leahy R M 2009 Exact and approximate Fourier rebinning of PET data from time-of-flight to non time-of-flight 2009 Phys. Med. Biol. 54 467-84 Davidson S R H, Weersink R A, Haider M A, Gertner M R, Bogaards A, Giewercer D, Scherz A, Sherar M D, Elhilali M, Chin J L, Trachtenberg J and Wilson B C 2009 Treatment planning and dose analysis for interstitial

  4. Synthetic Plant Defense Elicitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin eBektas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To defend themselves against invading pathogens plants utilize a complex regulatory network that coordinates extensive transcriptional and metabolic reprogramming. Although many of the key players of this immunity-associated network are known, the details of its topology and dynamics are still poorly understood. As an alternative to forward and reverse genetic studies, chemical genetics-related approaches based on bioactive small molecules have gained substantial popularity in the analysis of biological pathways and networks. Use of such molecular probes can allow researchers to access biological space that was previously inaccessible to genetic analyses due to gene redundancy or lethality of mutations. Synthetic elicitors are small drug like molecules that induce plant defense responses, but are distinct from known natural elicitors of plant immunity. While the discovery of the some synthetic elicitors had already been reported in the 1970s, recent breakthroughs in combinatorial chemical synthesis now allow for inexpensive high-throughput screens for bioactive plant defense-inducing compounds. Along with powerful reverse genetics tools and resources available for model plants and crop systems, comprehensive collections of new synthetic elicitors will likely allow plant scientists to study the intricacies of plant defense signaling pathways and networks in an unparalleled fashion. As synthetic elicitors can protect crops from diseases, without the need to be directly toxic for pathogenic organisms, they may also serve as promising alternatives to conventional biocidal pesticides, which often are harmful for the environment, farmers and consumers. Here we are discussing various types of synthetic elicitors that have been used for studies on the plant immune system, their modes-of-action as well as their application in crop protection.

  5. NAND GATE USING FINFET FOR NANOSCALE TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirmal,

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose Double gate transistors (FinFETs are the substitutes for bulk CMOS evolving from a single gate devices into three dimensional devices with multiple gates (double gate, triple gate or quadruple-gate devices. The main drawback of using CMOS transistors are high power consumption and high leakage current. Enormous progress has been made to scale transistors to even smaller dimensions to obtain fast switching transistors, as well as to reduce the power consumption. Even though the device characteristics are improved, high active leakage remain a problem. Leakage is found to contribute more amount of total power consumption in power-optimized FinFET logic circuits. This paper mainly deals with the various logic design styles to obtain the Leakage power savings through the judicious use of FinFET logic styles.

  6. Reversible logic gate using adiabatic superconducting devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, N.; Yamanashi, Y.; Yoshikawa, N.

    2014-09-01

    Reversible computing has been studied since Rolf Landauer advanced the argument that has come to be known as Landauer's principle. This principle states that there is no minimum energy dissipation for logic operations in reversible computing, because it is not accompanied by reductions in information entropy. However, until now, no practical reversible logic gates have been demonstrated. One of the problems is that reversible logic gates must be built by using extremely energy-efficient logic devices. Another difficulty is that reversible logic gates must be both logically and physically reversible. Here we propose the first practical reversible logic gate using adiabatic superconducting devices and experimentally demonstrate the logical and physical reversibility of the gate. Additionally, we estimate the energy dissipation of the gate, and discuss the minimum energy dissipation required for reversible logic operations. It is expected that the results of this study will enable reversible computing to move from the theoretical stage into practical usage.

  7. System and Method for Scan Range Gating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuk, David M. (Inventor); Lindemann, Scott (Inventor)

    2017-01-01

    A system for scanning light to define a range gated signal includes a pulsed coherent light source that directs light into the atmosphere, a light gathering instrument that receives the light modified by atmospheric backscatter and transfers the light onto an image plane, a scanner that scans collimated light from the image plane to form a range gated signal from the light modified by atmospheric backscatter, a control circuit that coordinates timing of a scan rate of the scanner and a pulse rate of the pulsed coherent light source so that the range gated signal is formed according to a desired range gate, an optical device onto which an image of the range gated signal is scanned, and an interferometer to which the image of the range gated signal is directed by the optical device. The interferometer is configured to modify the image according to a desired analysis.

  8. Cognitive mechanisms associated with auditory sensory gating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, L A; Hills, P J; Dick, K M; Jones, S P; Bright, P

    2016-02-01

    Sensory gating is a neurophysiological measure of inhibition that is characterised by a reduction in the P50 event-related potential to a repeated identical stimulus. The objective of this work was to determine the cognitive mechanisms that relate to the neurological phenomenon of auditory sensory gating. Sixty participants underwent a battery of 10 cognitive tasks, including qualitatively different measures of attentional inhibition, working memory, and fluid intelligence. Participants additionally completed a paired-stimulus paradigm as a measure of auditory sensory gating. A correlational analysis revealed that several tasks correlated significantly with sensory gating. However once fluid intelligence and working memory were accounted for, only a measure of latent inhibition and accuracy scores on the continuous performance task showed significant sensitivity to sensory gating. We conclude that sensory gating reflects the identification of goal-irrelevant information at the encoding (input) stage and the subsequent ability to selectively attend to goal-relevant information based on that previous identification.

  9. Nanomaterials for Defense Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turaga, Uday; Singh, Vinitkumar; Lalagiri, Muralidhar; Kiekens, Paul; Ramkumar, Seshadri S.

    Nanotechnology has found a number of applications in electronics and healthcare. Within the textile field, applications of nanotechnology have been limited to filters, protective liners for chemical and biological clothing and nanocoatings. This chapter presents an overview of the applications of nanomaterials such as nanofibers and nanoparticles that are of use to military and industrial sectors. An effort has been made to categorize nanofibers based on the method of production. This chapter particularly focuses on a few latest developments that have taken place with regard to the application of nanomaterials such as metal oxides in the defense arena.

  10. Phenomenon of Psychological Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena T. Sokolova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the controversial issues of formation and functioning of psy¬chological defense mechanisms in ontogenesis and in personality disorders as they are represented in classical and contemporary psychoanalysis, in cognitivism and communication theory. The paper emphasizes the role of cognitive organi¬zation (style, sign-symbolic mediation, representative system of object relations and attachments in individual typological variability of the level organization of ciency of personal and social adaptation, in maturity and mental health of personality

  11. Marine Toxins That Target Voltage-gated Sodium Channels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert J. French

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Eukaryotic, voltage-gated sodium (NaV channels are large membrane proteins which underlie generation and propagation of rapid electrical signals in nerve, muscle and heart. Nine different NaV receptor sites, for natural ligands and/or drugs, have been identified, based on functional analyses and site-directed mutagenesis. In the marine ecosystem, numerous toxins have evolved to disrupt NaV channel function, either by inhibition of current flow through the channels, or by modifying the activation and inactivation gating processes by which the channels open and close. These toxins function in their native environment as offensive or defensive weapons in prey capture or deterrence of predators. In composition, they range from organic molecules of varying size and complexity to peptides consisting of ~10-70 amino acids. We review the variety of known NaV-targeted marine toxins, outlining, where known, their sites of interaction with the channel protein and their functional effects. In a number of cases, these natural ligands have the potential applications as drugs in clinical settings, or as models for drug development.

  12. Designing quantum gates using the genetic algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Karthikeyan S.; Paraoanu, G. S.

    2012-12-01

    We demonstrate the usage of Genetic Algorithm (GA) to tailor the radio frequency pulses for producing unitary transformations in qubit systems. We find that the initial population converges to the optimal solution after 10 generations, for a one segment pulse corresponding to single qubit Hadamard gate. For a two qubit CNOT gate, we see the population convergence for a two segment pulse after 150 generations. This demonstrates that the method is suitable for designing quantum gates.

  13. Floating gate transistors as biosensors (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frisbie, C. Daniel

    2016-11-01

    Electrolyte gated transistors (EGTs) are a sub-class of thin film transistors that are extremely promising for biological sensing applications. These devices employ a solid electrolyte as the gate insulator; the very large capacitance of the electrolyte results in low voltage operation and high transconductance or gain. This talk will describe the fabrication of floating gate EGTs and their use as ricin sensors. The critical performance metrics for EGTs compared with other types of TFTs will also be reviewed.

  14. Bubbles, Gating, and Anesthetics in Ion Channels

    OpenAIRE

    Roth, Roland, imp.; Gillespie, Dirk; Nonner, Wolfgang; Eisenberg, Robert E.

    2008-01-01

    We suggest that bubbles are the bistable hydrophobic gates responsible for the on-off transitions of single channel currents. In this view, many types of channels gate by the same physical mechanism—dewetting by capillary evaporation—but different types of channels use different sensors to modulate hydrophobic properties of the channel wall and thereby trigger and control bubbles and gating. Spontaneous emptying of channels has been seen in many simulations. Because of the physics involved, s...

  15. Criteria for universality of quantum gates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawicki, Adam; Karnas, Katarzyna

    2017-06-01

    We consider the problem of deciding if a set of quantum one-qudit gates S ={U1,...,Un} is universal. We provide the compact-form criteria leading to a simple algorithm that allows deciding the universality of any given set of gates in a finite number of steps. Moreover, for a nonuniversal S our criteria indicate what types of gates can be added to S to turn it into a universal set.

  16. VizieR Online Data Catalog: USNO Saturnian observations 1974-1998 (Robert+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, V.; Pascu, D.; Lainey, V.; Arlot, J.-E.; de Cuyper, J.-P.; Dehant, V.; Thuillot, W.

    2016-10-01

    Astrometric and measured data of Saturn, Mimas, Enceladus, Tethys, Dione, Rhea, Titan, Hyperion and Iapetus, taken with the U.S. Naval Observatory 26-inch refractor from 1974 to 1998. Astrometric (RA,DEC) positions are geocentric observed positions reduced from stars and refer to the ICRF. They were corrected for all instrumental and spherical effects, except for the light time propagation. Raw data with (x,y) positions of the stars and satellites are available on demand (Vincent Robert, vincent.robert(at)obspm.fr). (9 data files).

  17. Neoromicia Roberts, 1926 (Mammalia Vespertilionidae: correction of gender and etymology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Riccucci

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Riassunto Neoromicia Roberts, 1926 (Mammalia, Verspetilionidae: Correzione del genere grammaticale ed etimologia Neoromicia Roberts, 1926, sinora considerato erroneamente di genere maschile, è in realtà femminile. La sua etimologia deriva quasi certamente dal Greco antico "ρóμιζα", corrispondente al latino "Rumex" (sorta di giavellotto, per la presenza di un cospicuo sperone calcaneale in Romicia calcarata, specie tipo del genere.

  18. Roberts-SC syndrome, a rare syndrome and cleft palate repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murthy Jyotsna

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Roberts SC syndrome is a rare syndrome with only 17 previously recognized patients reported in medical literature. The syndrome is characterized by multiple malformations, particularly, symmetrical limb reduction, craniofacial anomalies such as bilateral cleft lip and palate, micrognathia, and severe growth and mental retardation. Our patient, a young child of five years having Roberts-SC, was successfully operated for cleft palate under general anesthesia. The main features of the syndrome and the technical problems of anesthesia and surgery are discussed in this report.

  19. Das Fortbildungsangebot der Bibliothek des Robert Koch-Instituts: Dienstleistung im Publikationsprozess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senst, Henriette

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available [english] Robert Koch-Institute’s scientists are supported during the publishing process in different ways. Relating to frequently asked questions the library offers trainings, which are integrated in the training program of the institute.How does a good literature research work? How do I manage my literature and how do I cite correctly? What do I have to consider during the publishing process? These and other questions are answered in trainings on literature research, managing bibliographies with EndNote and “Scientific Publishing in the Robert Koch-Institute” which take place regularly.

  20. Analysis of The Shakers’Influence on Robert in A Day No Pigs Would Die

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚敏

    2015-01-01

    A Day No Pigs W ould Die is Robert Newton Peck's semi-autobiographical tale of a boy's struggle with adolescence and the responsibility of manhood. Peck's parents were farmers and members of the Shaker church,and they taught Peck the Shaker Way. The Shaker religion plays a large part in Peck's writing, and the mood of many Shaker tenets permeates through the novel. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the hero Robert how to form a healthy and positive life attitude under the influence of his father, Haven Peck, who believes in the shakers.

  1. Robert Lacoste's the darker side practical applications for electronic design concepts from circuit cellar

    CERN Document Server

    Lacoste, Robert

    2009-01-01

    Robert Lacoste's The Darker Side column has quickly become a must read among Circuit Cellar devotees. His column provides readers with succinct theoretical concepts and practical applications on topics as far reaching as digital modulation to antenna basics. Difficult concepts are demystified as Robert shines a light on complex topics within electronic design.This book collects sixteen Darker Side articles that have been enriched with new, exclusive content from the author. An intro into The Darker Side will give examples of material that can enhance and optimize the way you design. A

  2. La Corte Roberts e la questione della “preghiera municipale”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelaide Madera

    2017-02-01

     The Roberts Court and the “municipal prayer” Abstract: In the USA, few topics are more divisive than the government’s use of religious expressions and symbols. The Supreme Court has tried to find a balance between the Establishment Clause of the U.S. Constitution and the inclusion of religious expressions in government activities. In Town of Greece v. Galloway, the Roberts Court upheld a town’s practice of opening board meetings with prayers from invited speakers. The essay critically examines the various opinions in the case, and looks at where this decision suggests the Establishment Clause doctrine is moving award.

  3. Defensive engagement and perceptual enhancement

    OpenAIRE

    Keil, Andreas; Bradley, Margaret M; Ihssen, Niklas; Heim, Sabine; Vila, Jaime; Guerra, Pedro; Lang, Peter J.

    2010-01-01

    We tested whether visual cortical sensitivity to external cues in the context of an acute defensive reaction is heightened or attenuated. A strong cardiac defense (fear) response was elicited by presenting an abrupt, loud acoustic stimulus following a 10-minute period of quiescence. Electrocortical responses to aversive and neutral pictures following defensive stimulus onset were measured using dense-array EEG. Pictures were flickered at 12.5 Hz to evoke steady-state visual evoked potentials ...

  4. Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Estimate RDT&E - Research , Development, Test, and Evaluation SAR - Selected Acquisition Report SCP - Service Cost Position TBD - To Be Determined TY - Then...all ranges and in all phases of flight. Following guidance from the President, the Secretary of Defense approved the Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD...based Midcourse Defense (GMD) system to enhance our capability against Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles. We are currently sustaining 30

  5. Circuits with arbitrary gates for random operators

    CERN Document Server

    Jukna, S

    2010-01-01

    We consider boolean circuits computing n-operators f:{0,1}^n --> {0,1}^n. As gates we allow arbitrary boolean functions; neither fanin nor fanout of gates is restricted. An operator is linear if it computes n linear forms, that is, computes a matrix-vector product y=Ax over GF(2). We prove the existence of n-operators requiring about n^2 wires in any circuit, and linear n-operators requiring about n^2/\\log n wires in depth-2 circuits, if either all output gates or all gates on the middle layer are linear.

  6. Gated Graphene Electrical Transport Characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Náhlík

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Graphene is a very interesting new material, and promises attractive applications in future nanodevices. It is a 2D carbon structure with very interesting physical behavior. Graphene is an almost transparent material that has higher carrier mobility than any other material at room temperature. Graphene can therefore be used in applications such as ultrahigh-speed transistors and transparent electrodes. In this paper, we present our preliminary experiments on the transport behavior of graphene at room temperature. We measured the resistivity of Hall-bar samples depending on gate voltage (backgated graphene. Hysteresis between the forward and backward sweep direction was observed.

  7. Computer network defense through radial wave functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, Ian J.

    The purpose of this research is to synthesize basic and fundamental findings in quantum computing, as applied to the attack and defense of conventional computer networks. The concept focuses on uses of radio waves as a shield for, and attack against traditional computers. A logic bomb is analogous to a landmine in a computer network, and if one was to implement it as non-trivial mitigation, it will aid computer network defense. As has been seen in kinetic warfare, the use of landmines has been devastating to geopolitical regions in that they are severely difficult for a civilian to avoid triggering given the unknown position of a landmine. Thus, the importance of understanding a logic bomb is relevant and has corollaries to quantum mechanics as well. The research synthesizes quantum logic phase shifts in certain respects using the Dynamic Data Exchange protocol in software written for this work, as well as a C-NOT gate applied to a virtual quantum circuit environment by implementing a Quantum Fourier Transform. The research focus applies the principles of coherence and entanglement from quantum physics, the concept of expert systems in artificial intelligence, principles of prime number based cryptography with trapdoor functions, and modeling radio wave propagation against an event from unknown parameters. This comes as a program relying on the artificial intelligence concept of an expert system in conjunction with trigger events for a trapdoor function relying on infinite recursion, as well as system mechanics for elliptic curve cryptography along orbital angular momenta. Here trapdoor both denotes the form of cipher, as well as the implied relationship to logic bombs.

  8. Civilian Workforce Planning in the Department of Defense. Different Levels, Different Roles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    6Jump down to document THE ARTS CHILD POLICY CIVIL JUSTICE EDUCATION ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS NATIONAL...Holland, Mike Hurley, Ellen James, Sherry Kabin, Brian Kern, Peter Kolakowski, Sharon Lacey, Michael Laney, Cynthia Lenning, Norma Lloyd, Carol Madonna , Jim...Workforce Planning in the Department of Defense Zellman, Gail L., and Susan M. Gates, Examining the Cost of Military Child Care, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, MR-1415-OSD, 2002.

  9. Stimuli-responsive smart gating membranes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhuang; Wang, Wei; Xie, Rui; Ju, Xiao-Jie; Chu, Liang-Yin

    2016-02-07

    Membranes are playing paramount roles in the sustainable development of myriad fields such as energy, environmental and resource management, and human health. However, the unalterable pore size and surface properties of traditional porous membranes restrict their efficient applications. The performances of traditional membranes will be weakened upon unavoidable membrane fouling, and they cannot be applied to cases where self-regulated permeability and selectivity are required. Inspired by natural cell membranes with stimuli-responsive channels, artificial stimuli-responsive smart gating membranes are developed by chemically/physically incorporating stimuli-responsive materials as functional gates into traditional porous membranes, to provide advanced functions and enhanced performances for breaking the bottlenecks of traditional membrane technologies. Smart gating membranes, integrating the advantages of traditional porous membrane substrates and smart functional gates, can self-regulate their permeability and selectivity via the flexible adjustment of pore sizes and surface properties based on the "open/close" switch of the smart gates in response to environmental stimuli. This tutorial review summarizes the recent developments in stimuli-responsive smart gating membranes, including the design strategies and the fabrication strategies that are based on the introduction of the stimuli-responsive gates after or during membrane formation, and the positively and negatively responsive gating models of versatile stimuli-responsive smart gating membranes, as well as the advanced applications of smart gating membranes for regulating substance concentration in reactors, controlling the release rate of drugs, separating active molecules based on size or affinity, and the self-cleaning of membrane surfaces. With self-regulated membrane performances, smart gating membranes show great power for use in global sustainable development.

  10. 78 FR 27996 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: The Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ... Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA, in consultation with the... these cultural items should submit a written request to the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology....

  11. Nanosecond gating properties of proximity focused microchannel plate image intensifiers

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, N. S. P.; King, N. S. P.; Yates, G. J.; Jaramillo, S. A.; Noel, B. W.; Detch, J. L., Jr.; Ogle, J. W.

    The optical gating properties of Multichannel plate image intensifiers were characterized. Emphasis was placed on parameters relevant to gating speed and correlations between the applied electrical and resultant optical gates.

  12. Family of Origin and Career Counseling: An Interview with Robert Chope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Tracy

    2007-01-01

    Robert Chope is a professor of counseling at San Francisco State University, where he coordinates the Career Counseling Program. He is also the founder of the Career and Personal Development Institute in San Francisco, a practice that he has had for more than 25 years. Dr. Chope received his PhD from the University of Minnesota, Department of…

  13. Akuginow and Haines-Stiles Receive 2013 Robert C. Cowen Journalism Award: Citation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alley, Richard

    2014-01-01

    From Cosmos to Mars and Pluto and back home, Geoffrey Haines-Stiles and Erna Akuginow have invested their careers reporting the best modern science in novel, compelling, and accessible ways through documentaries, live events, print, and new media. They are outstanding recipients of the AGU Robert C. Cowen Award for Sustained Achievement in Science Journalism.

  14. Cosmic Thing: Astrology, Space Science, and Personal Cartography in Robert Rauschenberg's Autobiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, C. L.

    2011-06-01

    The following paper undertakes an iconographic analysis of Robert Rauschenberg's large scale print, Autobiography (1967). The artist's interest in astronomy and astrology, visual metaphors aligning the body with the cosmos, and the cartographic representation of self are discussed. Autobiography is placed in cultural and historical context with other works by the artist, elaborated as a personal narrative-an alternative to traditional self portraiture.

  15. Tüli Robert Smithsoni "Spiraalse muuli" taastamise ümber / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    Ameerika maakunstniku Robert Smithsoni (1938-1973) töö "Spiral Jetty" / "Spiraalne muul", mis on ligi 30 aastat seisnud nähtamatult Utah' osariigis Suure Soolajärve põhjas, on praegu kogu ulatuses näha. Teose omanik Dia kunstikeskus on dilemma ees, kas muul restaureerida või mitte

  16. Robert Molesworth's An Account of Denmark as it was in 1692

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olden-Jørgensen, Sebastian

    2008-01-01

    Robert Moleswort's An Account of Denmark as it was in 1692 is a violent political pamphlet in the early British Whig-tradition aimed at underscoring republican values by pointing to the dreadful example of Danish Absolutist slavery. It was a bestseller on an international scale. In his book...

  17. The Application of Reality Therapy and Choice Theory in Relationship Counseling, An Interview with Robert Wubbolding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Teresa M.; Gray, Neal D.

    2002-01-01

    This article provides highlights from an interview with Dr. Robert Wubbolding, a leading expert in the area of reality therapy. Details concerning how Dr. Wubbolding applies and integrates reality therapy and choice theory in counseling with couples and families will be explored. (GCP)

  18. Robert Frazure mälestuspuu Sõpruse pargis sai graniitpotil tähistuse / Raivo Feldmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmann, Raivo

    2007-01-01

    Esimese USA suursaadiku sõjajärgses Eestis, Robert Frazure' mälestuspuu sai Sõpruse pargis tähise, vajaliku raha ettevõtmise heaks annetasid Ameerika Suursaatkonna töötajad, nende delegatsioon viibis Põltsamaal Sõpruse pargis toimunud üritusel

  19. Response to Mudford, Hogg, and Roberts on Continuous Recording of Behavior State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guess, Doug; Roberts, Sally; Behrens, Gene Ann; Rues, Jane

    1998-01-01

    Responds to a critique by Mudford, Hogg, and Roberts (1997) that raised concerns about the observation code used in a longitudinal research project to assess emerging behavior state patterns in young children with disabilities. Concerns about the thoroughness of the reliability data collected by Mudford are discussed. (Author/CR)

  20. "A Time of Shame and Sorrow": Robert F. Kennedy and the American Jeremiad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, John M.

    1990-01-01

    Examines the rhetorical function of the modern American jeremiad as a means to restore social harmony in a time of crisis. Analyzes Robert F. Kennedy's response to the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. Reveals the strengths and limitations of the jeremiad as a response to social crisis. (SR)

  1. 75 FR 32740 - Action Affecting Export Privileges; Aaron Robert Henderson and Valhalla Tactical Supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... Tactical Supply In the Matter of: Aaron Robert Henderson, 740 Jessie St., North Liberty, IA 52317. Respondent and Valhalla Tactical Supply, 740 Jessie Street, North Liberty, IA 52317. Related Person; Order... is the owner, operator and president of Valhalla Tactical Supply (``Valhalla''), Valhalla is...

  2. Saksa filmilootusega tänavaelust ja hullusest / Robert Stadlober ; interv. Janno Zõbin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stadlober, Robert

    2002-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil näidatud saksa mängufilmis "Engel & Joe" (režissöör Vanessa Jopp) ühes peaosas esines festivali külastanud saksa näitleja Robert Stadlober (1982). Näitleja Engeli rollist ja oma elukogemusest, mis aitas seda rolli kehastada

  3. Kolm vaadet Tallinna vanalinnale / Villem Tomiste, Martin Aunin, Robert Treufeldt ; intervjueerinud Ingrid Ruudi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomiste, Villem, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna vanalinna ja kesklinna piiril asuv kvartal 57B, mis piirneb Aia, Vana-Viru, Inseneri tänava ja Mere Puiesteega, ajendas vanalinna hoonestuspõhimõtete ja tulevikulahenduste üle arutama arhitekte Villem Tomistet, Martin Auninit ning arhitektuuriajaloolast, ICOMOSi Eesti komitee esimeest Robert Treufeldti. Pikemalt korterelamust Aia 4/Vana-Viru 13, Aia 6 ja 8 detailplaneeringu eskiisist

  4. Robert Garrett, Tasmanian penal colony surgeon: alcoholism, medical misadventure and the penal colony of Sarah Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stride, P

    2011-09-01

    Robert Garrett emigrated from Scotland to Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) in 1822. Within a few months of arrival he was posted to the barbaric penal colony in Macquarie Harbour, known as Sarah Island. His descent into alcoholism, medical misadventure and premature death were related to his largely unsupported professional environment and were, in many respects, typical of those subjected to this experience.

  5. Abuse of Power? : J. Edgar Hoover vs. Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr.

    OpenAIRE

    Isaksen, Vigdis

    2002-01-01

    In this thesis I have looked at how J. Edgar Hoover came to power as Director of the FBI, and how he later used that power against Attorney General Robert Kennedy and SCLC leader Martin Luther King, Jr. I have further analyzed the reasons and motives for Hoover's actions by, among other things, making a psychological profile on the Director.

  6. Polyhydroxyalkanoates: Biorefinery Polymers with a Whole Range of Applications. The work of Robert H. Marchessault

    Science.gov (United States)

    This review describes the characterization and application of polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs, a remarkable family of natural polyesters with a wide array of useful properties and potential applications. It places specific emphasis on the work of Robert H. Marchessault and his many colleagues outlining ...

  7. The man behind the microchip Robert Noyce and the invention of Silicon Valley

    CERN Document Server

    Berlin, Leslie

    2005-01-01

    Robert Noyce was a brilliant inventor, a leading entrepreneur and a daring risk taker, who piloted his own jets and skied mountains accessible only by helicopter. This book captures not only this colorful individual, but also the vibrant interplay of technology, business, money, politics and culture that defines the Silicon Valley.

  8. "The Misfortune of a Man Like Ourselves": Robert Cormier's "The Chocolate War" as Aristotelian Tragedy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeling, Kara

    1999-01-01

    Examines criticism of and resistance to Robert Cormier's young adult novel "The Chocolate War." Argues that the book should be taught as tragedy and that teachers should pay their high school students the compliment of assuming their humanity and thus their need and ability to grapple with true tragedy. (SR)

  9. Kolm vaadet Tallinna vanalinnale / Villem Tomiste, Martin Aunin, Robert Treufeldt ; intervjueerinud Ingrid Ruudi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomiste, Villem, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna vanalinna ja kesklinna piiril asuv kvartal 57B, mis piirneb Aia, Vana-Viru, Inseneri tänava ja Mere Puiesteega, ajendas vanalinna hoonestuspõhimõtete ja tulevikulahenduste üle arutama arhitekte Villem Tomistet, Martin Auninit ning arhitektuuriajaloolast, ICOMOSi Eesti komitee esimeest Robert Treufeldti. Pikemalt korterelamust Aia 4/Vana-Viru 13, Aia 6 ja 8 detailplaneeringu eskiisist

  10. Uudised : Tüüri Tshellokontsert Tokios. Robert Fripp tuleb Eestisse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Erkki-Sven Tüüri "Tshellokontserdi" esitusest 28. juunil Tokio Suntory Hallis ja 29. juunil Tokio Opera Hallis. Inglise rockkitarristi Robert Frippi kontsertidest 22. aug. Tallinna Pühavaimu kirikus, 23. aug. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus, 24. aug. Haapsalu Lossikirikus, 25. aug. Viljandi Jaani kirikus ja 26. aug. Tartu Jaani kirikus

  11. Adventurous Navigator of the Dimensions of High Ability: An Interview with Robert J. Sternberg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henshon, Suzanna E.

    2008-01-01

    Robert J. Sternberg is Dean of the School of Arts and Sciences, Professor of Psychology, and Adjunct Professor of Education at Tufts University. He also is Honorary Professor of Psychology at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Prior to joining the faculty at Tufts, he was IBM Professor of Psychology and Education in the Department of…

  12. Problem in Two Unknowns: Robert Hooke and a Worm in Newton's Apple.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstock, Robert

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the place that Robert Hooke has in science history versus the scientific contributions he made. Examines the relationship between Hooke and his contemporary, Isaac Newton, and Hooke's claims that Newton built on his ideas without receiving Newton's recognition. (26 references) (MDH)

  13. Tüli Robert Smithsoni "Spiraalse muuli" taastamise ümber / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    Ameerika maakunstniku Robert Smithsoni (1938-1973) töö "Spiral Jetty" / "Spiraalne muul", mis on ligi 30 aastat seisnud nähtamatult Utah' osariigis Suure Soolajärve põhjas, on praegu kogu ulatuses näha. Teose omanik Dia kunstikeskus on dilemma ees, kas muul restaureerida või mitte

  14. Great Mentors: Robert Jervis, Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, and Peter Katzenstein

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDermott, Rose

    2010-01-01

    I have been extremely blessed in my life to have benefitted from some amazing mentors and friends in both psychology (most notably, Amos Tversky, Phil Zimbardo, and Leda Cosmides) and political science. Inspired by the occasion of Robert Jervis' festschrift, which importantly does not signal his imminent retirement, I was prompted to take…

  15. Robert G. Ingersoll: Spokesman for Individual Freedom of Thought and Expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Daniel Ross

    Robert G. Ingersoll exerted considerable social impact on American culture, employing rhetorical persuasion to champion the free thought movement of the late 1880's. Primarily concerned with advocating the principle of individual freedom of thought and expression in religious life, he enraged his contemporary churchmen who were devoted to group…

  16. The Education of Nations: An Analysis of Robert B. Reich's Economic Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockwood, John H.

    This essay critiques the book "The Work of Nations: Preparing Ourselves for 21st Century Capitalism" (1991), by Robert Reich, Secretary of Labor in the Clinton administration. Reich described the development of the symbolic-analyst as the new citizen in the economic order, utilizing the basic skills of abstraction, system thinking,…

  17. Fermilab's Helen Edwards receives prestigious 2003 Robert R. Wilson prize from the American Physical Society

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Helen Edwards has been awarded the 2003 Robert R. Wilson prize. She was cited for "her pivotal achievement and critical contribution as the leader in the design, construction, commissioning and operation of the Tevatron, and for her continued contributions to the development of high gradient superconducting linear accelerators as well as bright and intense electron sources." (1/2 page).

  18. Acid-Base Chemistry According to Robert Boyle: Chemical Reactions in Words as well as Symbols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodney, David E.

    2006-01-01

    Examples of acid-base reactions from Robert Boyle's "The Sceptical Chemist" are used to illustrate the rich information content of chemical equations. Boyle required lengthy passages of florid language to describe the same reaction that can be done quite simply with a chemical equation. Reading or hearing the words, however, enriches the student's…

  19. Using Performance as an Interpretive Strategy in Teaching Robert Browning's "My Last Duchess."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schevera, Nicholas

    1997-01-01

    Uses role-playing, dramatic monologues, and "tableaux vivant" to interpret Robert Browning's poem "My Last Duchess" in an introductory literature class at Westchester Community College. Notes that performative strategies illustrate connections in the poem that often remain unnoticed on a first reading. (PA)

  20. Abuse of Power? : J. Edgar Hoover vs. Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr.

    OpenAIRE

    Isaksen, Vigdis

    2002-01-01

    In this thesis I have looked at how J. Edgar Hoover came to power as Director of the FBI, and how he later used that power against Attorney General Robert Kennedy and SCLC leader Martin Luther King, Jr. I have further analyzed the reasons and motives for Hoover's actions by, among other things, making a psychological profile on the Director.

  1. Adventurous Navigator of the Dimensions of High Ability: An Interview with Robert J. Sternberg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henshon, Suzanna E.

    2008-01-01

    Robert J. Sternberg is Dean of the School of Arts and Sciences, Professor of Psychology, and Adjunct Professor of Education at Tufts University. He also is Honorary Professor of Psychology at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Prior to joining the faculty at Tufts, he was IBM Professor of Psychology and Education in the Department of…

  2. USA mõtleja : vaid rikkus riiki koos ei hoia / Robert Putnam ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Putnam, Robert

    2006-01-01

    USA Harvardi ülikooli politoloogiaprofessori Robert Putnami arvates on etniliselt mitmekesistes riikides ühtsustunde loomine raske, selle saavutamisele aitaksid kaasa ühiskonna pingevabam enesemääratlus ning paindlikumad töögraafikud naistele ühendamaks pere tööga. Lisa: Üksi või koos?

  3. Robert Sabuda on the Art of the Pop-up; Creating Pop-ups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Sherry

    2003-01-01

    These two articles discuss the design and production of pop-up books, focusing on the work of Robert Sabuda. Discusses books as an art form, producing prototypes, factory production, pop-up projects for children, Web sites, and a history of pop-ups, and includes a bibliography of relevant materials. (LRW)

  4. Robert Newton Peck and Shaker Beliefs: A Day the Truth Would Die.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Michael

    1997-01-01

    Raises issues about the obligation of an author to depict ethnic or religious groups such as the Shakers in accurate terms. Takes issues with Robert Newton Peck's "A Day No Pigs Would Die," charging that it presents an almost libelous picture of the Shakers. Reviews Shaker history and culture. (TB)

  5. Spontaneous symmetry breaking and masses numerical results in Doplicher-Fredenhagen-Roberts noncommutative space-time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neves, M. J.; Abreu, Everton M. C.

    2016-04-01

    With the elements of the Doplicher-Fredenhagen-Roberts (DFR) noncommutative formalism, we have constructed a standard electroweak model. We have introduced the spontaneous symmetry breaking and the hypercharge in DFR framework. The electroweak symmetry breaking was analyzed and the masses of the new bosons were computed.

  6. Underwater EVA training in the WETF with astronaut Robert L. Stewart

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    Underwater extravehicular activity (EVA) training in the weightless environment training facility (WETF) with astronaut Robert L. Stewart. Stewart is simulating a planned EVA using the mobile foot restraint device and a one-G version of the Canadian-built remote manipulator system.

  7. Kyra Robert 100 : meenutades Kyra Robertit (1916-1997) / Aija Sakova, Kaja Tiisel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sakova, Aija, 1980-

    2016-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli Akadeemiline Raamatukogu ja Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia Underi ja Tuglase Kirjanduskeskus tähistasid Tallinna raamatukogude ajaloo uurija Kyra Roberti 100. sünniaastapäeva ettekandepäevaga "Õpetajast õpetlaseks - Kyra Robert 100. Uurija töö kultuuriloolises Baltika kogus". Kyra Robertist ja toimunud mälestusüritusest

  8. Robert M. Gagne's Impact on Instructional Design Theory and Practice of the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richey, Rita C.

    Robert Gagne has been a central figure in the infusion of instructional psychology into the field of instructional technology, and in the creation of the domain of instructional design. Gagne's design principles provide not only a theoretical orientation to an instructional design project, but also have prompted a number of design conventions and…

  9. Robert Antropov saab tagasi politseitööle / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    25. augustil politseiameti peadirektori kohalt vabastatud Robert Antropov jätkab teenistust politseiameti politseidirektori ametikohal. Antropovi tööülesandeks uues ametis on tõhustada politsei ja siseministeeriumi koostööd. Vt. samas: Ansip toetab politseiameti kaotamise ideed

  10. Hodorkovski advokaat : Venemaa ei ole õigusriik / Robert R. Amsterdam ; interv. Aleksei Günter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Amsterdam, Robert R.

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 24. juuli lk. 10. Naftamagnaadi Mihhail Hodorkovski advokaat vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad ärimehe olukorda ja elamistingimusi vanglas ning tema võimalust ennetähtaegselt vabaneda. Lisa: Robert R. Amsterdam

  11. Robert Owen: A Historiographic Study of a Pioneer of Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatcher, Tim

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the ideals and activities of the nineteenth century Welsh industrialist and reformer Robert Owen (1771-1858), and how they informed modern human resource development (HRD) concepts and practices and provided evidence of Owen as a HRD pioneer. Design/methodology/approach: Historiography provided…

  12. Hodorkovski advokaat : Venemaa ei ole õigusriik / Robert R. Amsterdam ; interv. Aleksei Günter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Amsterdam, Robert R.

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 24. juuli lk. 10. Naftamagnaadi Mihhail Hodorkovski advokaat vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad ärimehe olukorda ja elamistingimusi vanglas ning tema võimalust ennetähtaegselt vabaneda. Lisa: Robert R. Amsterdam

  13. Evaluation Policy in a Nonprofit Foundation: A Case Study Exploration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillman, Lisa M.; Christie, Christina A.

    2017-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between evaluation policies and evaluation practice. Through document analysis, interviews, and a multiple case study, the research examined the explicit and implicit policies overarching the evaluation work commissioned by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and explored how these policies are…

  14. [Robert Schweitzer. Finnland, das Zarenreich und die Deutschen] / Karsten Bgüggemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Robert Schweitzer. Finnland, das Zarenreich und die Deutschen : gesammelte Studien zum europäischen Nordosten. Festgabe zum 60. Geburtstag des Verfassers. Hrsg. von Uta-Maria Liertz. (Veröffentlichungen der Aue-Stiftung. Bd. 20) Verlag Schmidt-Römhild

  15. Crip Excess, Art, and Politics: A Conversation with Robert McRuer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peers, Danielle; Brittain, Melisa; McRuer, Robert

    2012-01-01

    A book, article, or theory might be judged not only by the insightfulness of the claims it makes, but also by the connections, possibilities, and politics that it fosters. By these criteria, Robert McRuer's publications, of which the most widely known is "Crip Theory: Cultural Signs of Queerness and Disability" (2006), are crucial. He weaves…

  16. Robert Frazure mälestuspuu Sõpruse pargis sai graniitpotil tähistuse / Raivo Feldmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmann, Raivo

    2007-01-01

    Esimese USA suursaadiku sõjajärgses Eestis, Robert Frazure' mälestuspuu sai Sõpruse pargis tähise, vajaliku raha ettevõtmise heaks annetasid Ameerika Suursaatkonna töötajad, nende delegatsioon viibis Põltsamaal Sõpruse pargis toimunud üritusel

  17. USA mõtleja : vaid rikkus riiki koos ei hoia / Robert Putnam ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Putnam, Robert

    2006-01-01

    USA Harvardi ülikooli politoloogiaprofessori Robert Putnami arvates on etniliselt mitmekesistes riikides ühtsustunde loomine raske, selle saavutamisele aitaksid kaasa ühiskonna pingevabam enesemääratlus ning paindlikumad töögraafikud naistele ühendamaks pere tööga. Lisa: Üksi või koos?

  18. [Robert Schweitzer. Finnland, das Zarenreich und die Deutschen] / Karsten Bgüggemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Robert Schweitzer. Finnland, das Zarenreich und die Deutschen : gesammelte Studien zum europäischen Nordosten. Festgabe zum 60. Geburtstag des Verfassers. Hrsg. von Uta-Maria Liertz. (Veröffentlichungen der Aue-Stiftung. Bd. 20) Verlag Schmidt-Römhild

  19. Robert Louis Stevenson and Children's Play: The Contexts of "A Child's Garden of Verses."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Michael

    1995-01-01

    Examines a classic text, Robert Louis Stevenson's "A Child's Garden of Verses," within the context of several of Stevenson's own essays. Suggests that unlike many children's books, it was an experiment and one that Stevenson, for various reasons, including his premature death, was never able to adapt for future use. (RS)

  20. Transparently wrap-gated semiconductor nanowire arrays for studies of gate-controlled photoluminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nylund, Gustav; Storm, Kristian; Torstensson, Henrik; Wallentin, Jesper; Borgström, Magnus T.; Hessman, Dan; Samuelson, Lars [Solid State Physics, Nanometer Structure Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00 Lund (Sweden)

    2013-12-04

    We present a technique to measure gate-controlled photoluminescence (PL) on arrays of semiconductor nanowire (NW) capacitors using a transparent film of Indium-Tin-Oxide (ITO) wrapping around the nanowires as the gate electrode. By tuning the wrap-gate voltage, it is possible to increase the PL peak intensity of an array of undoped InP NWs by more than an order of magnitude. The fine structure of the PL spectrum reveals three subpeaks whose relative peak intensities change with gate voltage. We interpret this as gate-controlled state-filling of luminescing quantum dot segments formed by zincblende stacking faults in the mainly wurtzite NW crystal structure.

  1. European Missile Defense and Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    most senior level—the only one that matters in Russian decisionmaking cul - ture—is also of significance today and will also be re- ferred to later in... org /missile-defense/us-ballistic-missile-defense/p30607. 9. Email exchange with author, July 2013. 10. “Safeguard,” Washington, DC: Federation of Ameri

  2. Protected gates for topological quantum field theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beverland, Michael E.; Pastawski, Fernando; Preskill, John [Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Buerschaper, Oliver [Dahlem Center for Complex Quantum Systems, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Koenig, Robert [Institute for Advanced Study and Zentrum Mathematik, Technische Universität München, 85748 Garching (Germany); Sijher, Sumit [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)

    2016-02-15

    We study restrictions on locality-preserving unitary logical gates for topological quantum codes in two spatial dimensions. A locality-preserving operation is one which maps local operators to local operators — for example, a constant-depth quantum circuit of geometrically local gates, or evolution for a constant time governed by a geometrically local bounded-strength Hamiltonian. Locality-preserving logical gates of topological codes are intrinsically fault tolerant because spatially localized errors remain localized, and hence sufficiently dilute errors remain correctable. By invoking general properties of two-dimensional topological field theories, we find that the locality-preserving logical gates are severely limited for codes which admit non-abelian anyons, in particular, there are no locality-preserving logical gates on the torus or the sphere with M punctures if the braiding of anyons is computationally universal. Furthermore, for Ising anyons on the M-punctured sphere, locality-preserving gates must be elements of the logical Pauli group. We derive these results by relating logical gates of a topological code to automorphisms of the Verlinde algebra of the corresponding anyon model, and by requiring the logical gates to be compatible with basis changes in the logical Hilbert space arising from local F-moves and the mapping class group.

  3. TRADITIONAL WOODEN GATES IN THE SZEKLER LAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GhiorghiŃă Nicolaie COMSA

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents specific aspects oftraditional wooden gates built in the rural area of thecounty of Harghita in Romania. One can see the loveand appreciation given to woodworking and outdoorelements of household adornment, beautiful insidetransmitted outside. Constructive elements andornaments are given specific geographical area.These gates belong to our national cultural heritage.

  4. Plant defense against insect herbivores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    defense responses. Plants also apply morphological features like waxes, trichomes and latices to make the feeding more difficult for the insects. Extrafloral nectar, food bodies and nesting or refuge sites are produced to accommodate and feed the predators of the herbivores. Meanwhile, herbivorous insects......Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar....... Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight...

  5. Dual-Gate p-GaN Gate High Electron Mobility Transistors for Steep Subthreshold Slope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Jong-Ho; Lee, Jong-Ho

    2016-05-01

    A steep subthreshold slope characteristic is achieved through p-GaN gate HEMT with dual-gate structure. Obtained subthreshold slope is less than 120 μV/dec. Based on the measured and simulated data obtained from single-gate device, breakdown of parasitic floating-base bipolar transistor and floating gate charged with holes are responsible to increase abruptly in drain current. In the dual-gate device, on-current degrades with high temperature but subthreshold slope is not changed. To observe the switching speed of dual-gate device and transient response of drain current are measured. According to the transient responses of drain current, switching speed of the dual-gate device is about 10(-5) sec.

  6. Logic gates based on ion transistors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tybrandt, Klas; Forchheimer, Robert; Berggren, Magnus

    2012-05-29

    Precise control over processing, transport and delivery of ionic and molecular signals is of great importance in numerous fields of life sciences. Integrated circuits based on ion transistors would be one approach to route and dispense complex chemical signal patterns to achieve such control. To date several types of ion transistors have been reported; however, only individual devices have so far been presented and most of them are not functional at physiological salt concentrations. Here we report integrated chemical logic gates based on ion bipolar junction transistors. Inverters and NAND gates of both npn type and complementary type are demonstrated. We find that complementary ion gates have higher gain and lower power consumption, as compared with the single transistor-type gates, which imitates the advantages of complementary logics found in conventional electronics. Ion inverters and NAND gates lay the groundwork for further development of solid-state chemical delivery circuits.

  7. Airport Gate Assignment: New Model and Implementation

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Chendong

    2008-01-01

    Airport gate assignment is of great importance in airport operations. In this paper, we study the Airport Gate Assignment Problem (AGAP), propose a new model and implement the model with Optimization Programming language (OPL). With the objective to minimize the number of conflicts of any two adjacent aircrafts assigned to the same gate, we build a mathematical model with logical constraints and the binary constraints, which can provide an efficient evaluation criterion for the Airlines to estimate the current gate assignment. To illustrate the feasibility of the model we construct experiments with the data obtained from Continental Airlines, Houston Gorge Bush Intercontinental Airport IAH, which indicate that our model is both energetic and effective. Moreover, we interpret experimental results, which further demonstrate that our proposed model can provide a powerful tool for airline companies to estimate the efficiency of their current work of gate assignment.

  8. Gating of Permanent Molds for ALuminum Casting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Schwam; John F. Wallace; Tom Engle; Qingming Chang

    2004-03-30

    This report summarizes a two-year project, DE-FC07-01ID13983 that concerns the gating of aluminum castings in permanent molds. The main goal of the project is to improve the quality of aluminum castings produced in permanent molds. The approach taken was determine how the vertical type gating systems used for permanent mold castings can be designed to fill the mold cavity with a minimum of damage to the quality of the resulting casting. It is evident that somewhat different systems are preferred for different shapes and sizes of aluminum castings. The main problems caused by improper gating are entrained aluminum oxide films and entrapped gas. The project highlights the characteristic features of gating systems used in permanent mold aluminum foundries and recommends gating procedures designed to avoid common defects. The study also provides direct evidence on the filling pattern and heat flow behavior in permanent mold castings.

  9. Glare suppression by coherence gated negation

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Edward Haojiang; Brake, Joshua; Ruan, Haowen; Yang, Changhuei

    2016-01-01

    Imaging of a weak target hidden behind a scattering medium can be significantly confounded by glare. We report a method, termed coherence gated negation (CGN), that uses destructive optical interference to suppress glare and allow improved imaging of a weak target. As a demonstration, we show that by permuting through a set range of amplitude and phase values for a reference beam interfering with the optical field from the glare and target reflection, we can suppress glare by an order of magnitude, even when the optical wavefront is highly disordered. This strategy significantly departs from conventional coherence gating methods in that CGN actively 'gates out' the unwanted optical contributions while conventional methods 'gate in' the target optical signal. We further show that the CGN method can outperform conventional coherence gating image quality in certain scenarios by more effectively rejecting unwanted optical contributions.

  10. Materials Fundamentals of Gate Dielectrics

    CERN Document Server

    Demkov, Alexander A

    2006-01-01

    This book presents materials fundamentals of novel gate dielectrics that are being introduced into semiconductor manufacturing to ensure the continuous scalling of the CMOS devices. This is a very fast evolving field of research so we choose to focus on the basic understanding of the structure, thermodunamics, and electronic properties of these materials that determine their performance in device applications. Most of these materials are transition metal oxides. Ironically, the d-orbitals responsible for the high dielectric constant cause sever integration difficulties thus intrinsically limiting high-k dielectrics. Though new in the electronics industry many of these materials are wel known in the field of ceramics, and we describe this unique connection. The complexity of the structure-property relations in TM oxides makes the use of the state of the art first-principles calculations necessary. Several chapters give a detailed description of the modern theory of polarization, and heterojunction band discont...

  11. Robert Kiyosakin talousajattelu ja menestyvä yrittäjyys : Mitä lisäarvoa Robert Kiyosakin periaatteet voisivat tuoda suomalaiseen opetussuunnitelmaan

    OpenAIRE

    Hartikka, Nora

    2015-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena on tuoda talousajattelija Robert Kiyosakin ajatusmalleja mahdollisimman monen ihmisen tietoisuuteen. Työssä keskitytään muun muassa yrittäjyyteen ja sijoittamiseen, joihin liittyvä talousajattelun opetus kouluissa kirjoittajan mielestä on varsin puutteellista. Tarkoituksena on ehdottaa, kuinka Suomen koulujärjestelmää kehittämällä ja Kiyosakin ajatuksia siinä hyödyntämällä voisi positiivisesti vaikuttaa ihmisten talouteen. Opinnäytetyön teoreettinen viitekeh...

  12. Defense Strategies Against Modern Botnets

    CERN Document Server

    Stankovic, Srdjan

    2009-01-01

    Botnets are networks of compromised computers with malicious code which are remotely controlled and which are used for starting distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, sending enormous number of e-mails (SPAM) and other sorts of attacks. Defense against modern Botnets is a real challenge. This paper offers several strategies for defense against Botnets with a list and description of measures and activities which should be carried out in order to establish successful defense. The paper also offers parallel preview of the strategies with their advantages and disadvantages considered in accordance with various criteria.

  13. Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeffrey Hodgson; David Irick

    2005-09-30

    The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville has completed its sixth year of operation. During this period the Center has involved thirteen GATE Fellows and ten GATE Research Assistants in preparing them to contribute to advanced automotive technologies in the center's focus area: hybrid drive trains and control systems. Eighteen GATE students have graduated, and three have completed their course work requirements. Nine faculty members from three departments in the College of Engineering have been involved in the GATE Center. In addition to the impact that the Center has had on the students and faculty involved, the presence of the center has led to the acquisition of resources that probably would not have been obtained if the GATE Center had not existed. Significant industry interaction such as internships, equipment donations, and support for GATE students has been realized. The value of the total resources brought to the university (including related research contracts) exceeds $4,000,000. Problem areas are discussed in the hope that future activities may benefit from the operation of the current program.

  14. Quadrennial Defense Review and Ballistic Missile Defense Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    global defense posture 3 BMDR Highlights • Outlines a strategy and policy framework to – Defend the homeland against limited ballistic missile attack...abroad – Collaborate closely with allies and partners – Pursue a cooperative and tailored global defense posture – Strengthen US civilian capacity...reviews in 2010 – QDR and BMDR released February 1, 2010 – Nuclear Posture Review to be released this spring – Space Posture Review, with Director of

  15. A quantum Fredkin gate (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Raj B.; Ho, Joseph; Ferreyrol, Franck; Ralph, Timothy C.; Pryde, Geoff J.

    2016-10-01

    One of the greatest challenges in modern science is the realisation of quantum computers which, as their scale increases, will allow enhanced performance of tasks across many areas of quantum information processing. Quantum logic gates play a vital role in realising these applications by carrying out the elementary operations on the qubits; a key aim is minimising the resources needed to build these gates into useful circuits. While the salient features of a quantum computer have been shown in proof-of-principle experiments, e.g., single- and two-qubit gates, difficulties in scaling quantum systems to encode and manipulate multiple qubits has hindered demonstrations of more complex operations. This is exemplified by the classical Fredkin (or controlled-SWAP) gate [1] for which, despite many theoretical proposals [2,3] relying on concatenating multiple two-qubit gates, a quantum analogue has yet to be realised. Here, by directly adding control to a two-qubit SWAP unitary [4], we use photonic qubit logic to report the first experimental demonstration of a quantum Fredkin gate [5]. Our scheme uses linear optics and improves on the overall probability of success by an order of magnitude over previous proposals [2,3]. This optical approach allows us to add control an arbitrary black-box unitary which is otherwise forbidden in the standard circuit model [6]. Additionally, the action of our gate exhibits quantum coherence allowing the generation of the highest fidelity three-photon GHZ states to date. The quantum Fredkin gate has many applications in quantum computing, quantum measurements [7] and cryptography [8,9]. Using our scheme, we apply the Fredkin gate to the task of direct measurements of the purity and state overlap of a quantum system [7] without recourse to quantum state tomography.

  16. Molecular strategies of plant defense and insect counter-defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KEYANZHU-SALZMAN; JIAN-LONGBI; TONG-XIANLIU

    2005-01-01

    The prediction of human population growth worldwide indicates there will be a need to substantially increase food production in order to meet the demand on food supply.This can be achieved in part by the effective management of insect pests. Since plants have co-evolved with herbivorous insects for millions of years, they have developed an array of defense genes to protect themselves against a wide variety of chewing and sucking insects.Using these naturally-occurring genes via genetic engineering represents an environmentally friendly insect pest-control measure. Insects, however, have been actively evolving adaptive mechanisms to evade natural plant defenses. Such evolved adaptability undoubtedly has helped insects during the last century to rapidly overcome a great many humanimposed management practices and agents, including chemical insecticides and genetically engineered plants. Thus, better understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of plant defense and insect counter-defense mechanisms is imperative, not only from a basic science perspective, but also for biotechnology-based pest control practice. In this review, we emphasize the recent advance and understanding of molecular strategies of attack-counterattack and defense-counter-defense between plants and their herbivores.

  17. Getting started with FortiGate

    CERN Document Server

    Fabbri, Rosato

    2013-01-01

    This book is a step-by-step tutorial that will teach you everything you need to know about the deployment and management of FortiGate, including high availability, complex routing, various kinds of VPN working, user authentication, security rules and controls on applications, and mail and Internet access.This book is intended for network administrators, security managers, and IT pros. It is a great starting point if you have to administer or configure a FortiGate unit, especially if you have no previous experience. For people that have never managed a FortiGate unit, the book helpfully walks t

  18. Gate A: changes to opening hours

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Due to maintenance work, the opening hours of Gate A (near Reception) will be modified between Monday, 13 and Friday, 17 April 2015.   During this period, the gate will be open to vehicles between 7 a.m. and 9.30 a.m., then between 4.30 p.m. and 7 p.m. It will be completely closed to traffic between 9.30 a.m. and 4.30 p.m. Pedestrians and cyclists may continue to use the gate. We apologise for any inconvenience and thank you for your understanding.

  19. Diagonal gates in the Clifford hierarchy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Shawn X.; Gottesman, Daniel; Krishna, Anirudh

    2017-01-01

    The Clifford hierarchy is a set of gates that appears in the theory of fault-tolerant quantum computation, but its precise structure remains elusive. We give a complete characterization of the diagonal gates in the Clifford hierarchy for prime-dimensional qudits. They turn out to be pmth roots of unity raised to polynomial functions of the basis state to which they are applied, and we determine which level of the Clifford hierarchy a given gate sits in based on m and the degree of the polynomial.

  20. Calibration of submerged multi-sluice gates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed F. Sauida

    2014-09-01

    The main objective of this work is to study experimentally and verify empirically the different parameters affecting the discharge through submerged multiple sluice gates (i.e., the expansion ratios, gates operational management, etc.. Using multiple regression analysis of the experimental results, a general equation for discharge coefficient is developed. The results show, that the increase in the expansion ratio and the asymmetric operation of gates, give higher values for the discharge coefficient. The obtained predictions of the discharge coefficient using the developed equations are compared to the experimental data. The present developed equations showed good consistency and high accuracy.

  1. Stay vane and wicket gate relationship study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2005-01-19

    This report evaluates potential environmental and performance gains that can be achieved in a Kaplan turbine through non-structural modifications to stay vane and wicket gate assemblies. This summary is based primarily on data and conclusions drawn from models and studies of Lower Granite Dam. Based on this investigation, the study recommends (1) a proof of concept at Lower Granite Dam to establish predicted improvements for the existing turbine and to further refine the stay vane wicket gate designs for fish passage; and (2) consideration of the stay vane wicket gate systems in any future turbine rehabilitation studies.

  2. Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Hong; Wang, Zhuoxian; Tian, Xiaorui; Käll, Mikael; Xu, Hongxing

    2011-07-12

    Optical computing has been pursued for decades as a potential strategy for advancing beyond the fundamental performance limitations of semiconductor-based electronic devices, but feasible on-chip integrated logic units and cascade devices have not been reported. Here we demonstrate that a plasmonic binary NOR gate, a 'universal logic gate', can be realized through cascaded OR and NOT gates in four-terminal plasmonic nanowire networks. This finding provides a path for the development of novel nanophotonic on-chip processor architectures for future optical computing technologies.

  3. The gating of the CFTR channel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Oscar

    2017-01-01

    Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is an anion channel expressed in the apical membrane of epithelia. Mutations in the CFTR gene are the cause of cystsic fibrosis. CFTR is the only ABC-protein that constitutes an ion channel pore forming subunit. CFTR gating is regulated in complex manner as phosphorylation is mandatory for channel activity and gating is directly regulated by binding of ATP to specific intracellular sites on the CFTR protein. This review covers our current understanding on the gating mechanism in CFTR and illustrates the relevance of alteration of these mechanisms in the onset of cystic fibrosis.

  4. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites collect visible and infrared cloud imagery as well as monitoring the atmospheric, oceanographic,...

  5. Defense Spending and the Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-07

    the first resolution. Our forecast projects continued growth in the economy and moderate inflation for one or possibly two years, despite federal...than provided in the resolution. Additional emphasis on defense would, of course, promote defense-intensive sectors of the economy at the expense of...others, but CBO believes the economy could accommodate such shifts without significant adverse effects on macroeconomic variables such as employment

  6. Theater Missile Defense Integration Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    high endoatmospheric defense interceptor (HEDI) proposed t earlier. EADTB. Extended Air Defense Test Bed. A computer-based analysis center for...for attacking deeper elements of an aggressors’s ground forces. Known in NATO as Follow-on Force Attack ( FOFA ). JSTARS. Joint surveillance target...AFIA/INKS ATTN. INKS AFIS/INT ATTN: INT AIR hORCE CTR FOR STUDIES & ANALYSIS ATTN: AFSAA/SAKI 9 Dist-1 w^mmmm mmmm^-mmmemH

  7. Robert Hooke, inventor of the vacuum pump and the first altitude chamber (1671).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harsch, Viktor

    2006-08-01

    Robert Hooke (1635-1703), an assistant researcher to Robert Boyle (1627-1691), invented the first functional British air pump. Applying it to scientific research, Hooke operated the world's first hypobaric chamber in 1671, using it for self-experimentation. He recorded the first physiological observations in an artificial altitude-equivalent environment up to 2400 m. Though Hooke's experiment showed some methodological insufficiencies, his imaginative experimental techniques were remarkable for their time and were indicative of the lively intellectual atmosphere of the Royal Society and the significant contributions of Hooke, who was a member. Two centuries passed before the French physiologist Paul Bert (1830-1886) conducted his famous laboratory-supported investigations of high altitude physiology. Bert played a decisive role in the discovery of the causes of decompression sickness; a contribution Hooke could not make due to the technical deficiencies of the 17th century.

  8. Robert et Maya Kandel, La Catastrophe climatique, Hachette, 2009, 237 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Semal

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Robert Kandel, astrophysicien et directeur de recherche émérite au CNRS, n’en est pas à son premier ouvrage sur le réchauffement climatique. Dans ce nouvel essai (co-rédigé avec sa fille Maya Kandel, il est intéressant de constater un changement de ton assez représentatif de l’inquiétude croissante des scientifiques à l’égard du bouleversement climatique en cours. Tout en rappelant qu’il a longtemps fait preuve de méfiance à l’égard des discours catastrophistes, Robert Kandel annonce dès l’i...

  9. [Robert Koch was right. Towards a new interpretation of tuberculin therapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardona, Pere J

    2006-01-01

    At the centenary of Robert Koch's Nobel Prize award, tuberculosis treatment with tuberculin, which was announced in Berlin in 1890, is still considered a failure. Nevertheless, there is now sufficient information supporting the idea that tuberculin therapy was widely used until the second half of the twentieth century; thus, the impact of this treatment should be studied and related to the decrease in tuberculosis-related mortality recorded in that period. Moreover, tuberculin therapy has inspired at least two new immunotherapies; these, however, were directed toward precisely the opposite effect: suppression of the Koch phenomenon. Thus, inoculation of Mycobacterium vaccae polarizes the immune response towards the Th1 type; and inoculation of RUTI avoids local immunodepression after short-term chemotherapy without inducing toxicity. For this reason, Robert Koch's work on antituberculosis therapy should be reread and proper recognition given to his contribution in this field.

  10. Globalization and Religion: The Case of Malacca and the Work of Robert Morrison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Tze Ming Ng

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Religion has long been a significant factor in the process of globalization. In this article, the author attempts to explore and review religious factors involved in the history of Malacca (Melaka and in the missionary work of Robert Morrison in the early 19th century. Malacca has long been a meeting place for various religions in their respective processes of globalization. Robert Morrison was the first Protestant Missionary to come to the Chinese Mainland. He arrived in 1807. However, after 10 years of working in Canton and Macau, he made a proposal for setting up a mission school in Malacca, hence the Anglo-Chinese College of 1818. It was found that, indeed, Morrison had learned much from his experiences in China and in Malacca, especially in paying due respect to Chinese culture.

  11. [Military physician Colonel Robert Yout. Twenty years as a paratrooper medical officer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yout, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    Robert Yout was born on June 15th, 1930. A rugby player and a member of the French Volleyball team, he was already an outstanding sportsman when he began his studies at the Health Services School in Lyons. His career as an army medical officer among the paratroopers was atypical. He spent many years among the most prestigious elite paratroopers of the French army: the 2nd REP, the 1st CHOC and the CINC (The Army Training School for Combat Swimmers) . When he retired, he was Head Doctor of the Paratroopers parent company: The Airborne School of Pau. For the army medical historian, Robert Yout is the perfect example of a man with an outstanding and remarkable career: A crack soldier, a brave army medical officer, a parachuting and diving pioneer and a sportsman of international class.

  12. Analysis and Design of Tri-Gate MOSFET with High Dielectrics Gate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viranjay M. Srivastava

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The scaling of simple gate transistors requires the scaling and transistor elements like source/drain junction became difficult to scale further after a limit due to adverse effect of electrostatic and short-channel performance. The solution of the problem is tri-gate where we can increase the performance without increasing the width and without scaling. In this paper we have described the parameter of tri-gate and taking the high dielectric as substrate.

  13. Ethics and National Defense: The Timeless Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    that there can be no moral division of labor, Robert Nozick categorically states that "it is a soldier’s responsibility to deter- mine if his side’s...p. 246. ? Seepage 66. ’t. Robert Nozick , Anarchy, State, and Utopia (.New York; Basic Books, 1974), p. 100. 5. Leon Degrelle, Campaign in Russia: The...government cooperation, and the police state they planned is now based on similar coercion and fear. The guerrilla holds strategic moral cards as

  14. When the Zombies Came for Our Children: Exploring Posthumanism in Robert Kirkman's The Walking Dead

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Through the theoretical lens of cultural posthumanism, this essay offers a reading of writer Robert Kirkman’s 'The Walking Dead' comics series (2003 ongoing). By referring to specific passages of Kirkman’s script, this essay explores 'The Walking Dead'’s psychologization of childhood as its narrative moves away from a satirical construction of the zombie apocalypse into the inquiry of contemporary (in)humanity.

  15. [The importance of Robert Koch's discovery for the development of bacteriology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, G

    1983-01-01

    On March 24th, 1882 Robert Koch reported to the Physiological Society of Berlin the discovery of microbes causing tuberculosis. Simultaneously he expressed his views on the pathogenesis of this nation-wide disease. With his work he contributed decisively to the development of a theory on infectious process. The results of his investigations on cholera and typhoid fever greatly stimulated the development of the epidemiology of contagious diseases.

  16. Lives in Exchange: The Collaborative Video Tapes of Lynda Benglis and Robert Morris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Boaden

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1972 the artists Lynda Benglis and Robert Morris swapped videotapes made collaboratively in each other’s studios to create new works that negotiate their personal and professional relationship. This article argues that, taken together, these works question the common tropes of early video art, especially what art historian Rosalind Krauss called the ‘aesthetics of narcissism’, and point to the emergence of a form of fractured subjectivity borne from technological mediation.

  17. PTC任命RobertP.Schechter为董事会新成员

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    2009年10月13日,PTC公司宣布,任命RobertP.Schechter为PTC公司董事会新成员。Schechter先生于1995——2008年期间担任NMS通讯公司(即现在的LiveWireMobile)首席执行官,近期担任NMS董事会主席兼首席执行官。

  18. STS-38 Mission Specialist (MS) Robert C. Springer dons EMU in JSC's WETF

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    STS-38 Mission Specialist (MS) Robert C. Springer, wearing extravehicular mobility unit (EMU), fastens the strap on his communications carrier assembly (CCA) cap during suit donning in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29. Positioned on the WETF platform at pool side, Springer is preparing for an underwater extravehicular activity (EVA) simulation. During the training exercise, Springer will rehearse contingency EVA procedures for the STS-38 mission aboard Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104.

  19. When the Zombies Came for Our Children: Exploring Posthumanism in Robert Kirkman's The Walking Dead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Michael Sommers

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Through the theoretical lens of cultural posthumanism, this essay offers a reading of writer Robert Kirkman’s 'The Walking Dead' comics series (2003 ongoing. By referring to specific passages of Kirkman’s script, this essay explores 'The Walking Dead'’s psychologization of childhood as its narrative moves away from a satirical construction of the zombie apocalypse into the inquiry of contemporary (inhumanity.

  20. STS-38 Mission Specialist (MS) Robert C. Springer dons EMU in JSC's WETF

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    STS-38 Mission Specialist (MS) Robert C. Springer dons extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) upper torso with technicians' assistance in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29. Positioned on the WETF platform at pool side, Springer is preparing for an underwater extravehicular activity (EVA) simulation. During the training session, Springer will rehearse contingency EVA procedures for the STS-38 mission aboard Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104.

  1. On the Dramatic Features in Robert Browning’s Poems of Dramatic Monologue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜玉文

    2014-01-01

    This paper explored the three dramatic features intrinsic in Robert Browning’s poems of dramatic monologue, name-ly, the employment of first-person point of view, the use of irony, and the intricate psychological exploration and vivid character-ization. Such features are crucial in the successful presentation of various human nature and experience with profundity, making his poems an enduring classic in the English literature.

  2. Approaching self-deception: how Robert Audi and I part company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mele, Alfred

    2010-09-01

    This article explores fundamental differences between Robert Audi's position on self-deception and mine. Although we both depart from a model of self-deception that is straightforwardly based on stereotypical interpersonal deception, we differ in how we do that. An important difference between us might be partly explained by a difference in how we understand the kind of deceiving that is most relevant to self-deception.

  3. Tim, Jan Lucas ja Karl Robert - vennad üheks kuuks / Maris Laurits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurits, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Rakvere Teatri suvelavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" kaks Karli osatäitjat Jan Lucas Videvik ja Tim Leesnurm ning Joonatani osatäitja Karl Robert Saaremäe tegid Loksal Kaldmaa talus ratsasõiduproove. Üllar Saaremäe lavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" (Astrid Lindgreni samanimelise jutustuse järgi) esietendus on 11. juunil Rakvere teatri taga aias

  4. A Primary Study on the New Criticism in Robert Frost’s Desert Places

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邴照宇

    2013-01-01

    A profound study from the viewpoint of New Criticism, can find that Robert Frost expresses his unique thoughts and attitudes to the world in Desert Places, which is rarely researched and concentrated on, through the distinct characters of New Crit-icism in tone, paradox, tension. The unpredicted and changeable nature which is depicted in Desert Places represent the author’s doubt about the communication among the people in the society, and he loses the confidence for people.

  5. TWO PERSONALITIES, TWO SOLUTIONS FOR BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIA: ROBERT KIYOSAKI OR JIM COLLINS?

    OpenAIRE

    Gheorghe NEGOESCU

    2010-01-01

    Romania, for that matter, all countries in the world can not overcome the financial crisis without business development. Robert Kiyosaki believes that financial education promoted since primary school may decisively contribute in better to the changing of business environment in a country. Jim Collins studied the activity of over 1400 U.S.A. companies during 1980-1998 and concluded that only 11 companies managed good results in financial terms because they have been able to practice a managem...

  6. A CONVERSATION ON INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN WITH ROBERT GAGNÉ AND DAVID MERRILL NO:4

    OpenAIRE

    Necmi Esgi; Omer Arslan

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to bring in the fourth part of diachronic conversation on instructional design with Robert Gagné and David Merrill to trancripts. This conversation was hosted by Utah State University, in the United States of America, in July 10, 1989. Throughout the history of instructional design, these two scientists are considered as the pioneers of the field and in these sessions, they summarize and compare their studies.

  7. A CONVERSATION ON INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN WITH ROBERT GAGNÉ AND DAVID MERRILL NO:2

    OpenAIRE

    Necmi Esgi; Omer Arslan

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to bring in the second part of diachronic conversation on instructional design with Robert Gagné and David Merrill to transcripts. This conversation was hosted by Utah State University, in the United States of America, in July 10, 1989. Throughout the history of instructional design, these two scientists are considered as the pioneers of the field and in these sessions, they summarize and compare their studies.

  8. A gift of prophecy essays in celebration of the life of Robert Eugene Marshak

    CERN Document Server

    1994-01-01

    Robert Eugene Marshak (1916-92) devoted much of his life to helping other people carry out scientific research and gather to discuss their work. In addition to his scientific statesmanship, he was an extraordinarily gifted research scientist, and many of his scientific contributions have been prophetic. This book pays homage to his creativity and continuing work, with contributions from many of the people whose lives have been influenced by him.

  9. Sound and motion in the De Generatione Sonorum, a treatise by Robert Grosseteste

    CERN Document Server

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2012-01-01

    Here I am proposing a discussion of some parts of the De Generatione Sonorum, one of the short treatises written by Robert Grosseteste. The main subject of this treatise is the phonetics. However, sound and oscillations are shortly described. Since Grosseteste discussed a phonetics based on the analogy with motions and their combinations, we can find in this text some hints on how a medieval scholar approached the description of motions.

  10. Tim, Jan Lucas ja Karl Robert - vennad üheks kuuks / Maris Laurits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurits, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Rakvere Teatri suvelavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" kaks Karli osatäitjat Jan Lucas Videvik ja Tim Leesnurm ning Joonatani osatäitja Karl Robert Saaremäe tegid Loksal Kaldmaa talus ratsasõiduproove. Üllar Saaremäe lavastuse "Vennad Lõvisüdamed" (Astrid Lindgreni samanimelise jutustuse järgi) esietendus on 11. juunil Rakvere teatri taga aias

  11. A BIOGRAPHY OF ROBERT DE KERSAUSON, FRENCH VOLUNTEER WITH THE BOOER COMMANDOES

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    One of the most colourful foreign volunteers in the Boer army in 1900-1902 was Robert de Kersauson de Pennendreff; young, handsome, gallant and devoted to the Boer cause until the bitter end of the war. His love for South Africa brought him after an absence of almost 40 years back to this country to find a quiet place to live when many other countries were suffering in the Second World War.

  12. Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: their dispute over the units of selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruse, Michael

    2013-12-01

    Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace independently discovered the mechanism of natural selection for evolutionary change. However, they viewed the working of selection differently. For Darwin, selection was always focused on the benefit for the individual. For Wallace, selection was as much something of benefit for the group as for the individual. This difference is traced to their different background political-economic views, with Darwin in favor of Adam Smith's view of society and Wallace following Robert Owen in being a socialist.

  13. Active gated imaging in driver assistance system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grauer, Yoav

    2014-04-01

    In this paper, we shall present the active gated imaging system (AGIS) in relation to the automotive field. AGIS is based on a fast-gated camera and pulsed illuminator, synchronized in the time domain to record images of a certain range of interest. A dedicated gated CMOS imager sensor and near infra-red (NIR) pulsed laser illuminator, is presented in this paper to provide active gated technology. In recent years, we have developed these key components and learned the system parameters, which are most beneficial to nighttime (in all weather conditions) driving in terms of field of view, illumination profile, resolution, and processing power. We shall present our approach of a camera-based advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) named BrightEye™, which makes use of the AGIS technology in the automotive field.

  14. Single spin universal Boolean logic gate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agarwal, H; Pramanik, S; Bandyopadhyay, S [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284 (United States)

    2008-01-15

    Recent advances in manipulating single electron spins in quantum dots have brought us close to the realization of classical logic gates, where binary bits are encoded in spin polarizations of single electrons. Here, we show that a linear array of three quantum dots, each containing a single spin polarized electron, and with nearest neighbor exchange coupling, acts as a NAND gate. The energy dissipated during switching this gate is the Landauer-Shannon limit of kTln(1/p{sub i} ) (T = ambient temperature and p{sub i}= intrinsic gate error probability). With present day technology, p{sub i} = 10{sup -9} is achievable above 1 K temperature. Even with this small intrinsic error probability, the energy dissipated during switching is only {approx}21kT, while today's nanoscale transistors dissipate about 40 000-50 000kT when they switch.

  15. Adiabatic quantum gates and Boolean functions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrecut, M; Ali, M K [Department of Physics, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB, T1K 3M4 (Canada)

    2004-06-25

    We discuss the logical implementation of quantum gates and Boolean functions in the framework of quantum adiabatic method, which uses the language of ground states, spectral gaps and Hamiltonians instead of the standard unitary transformation language. (letter to the editor)

  16. Synthesizing biomolecule-based Boolean logic gates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyamoto, Takafumi; Razavi, Shiva; DeRose, Robert; Inoue, Takanari

    2013-02-15

    One fascinating recent avenue of study in the field of synthetic biology is the creation of biomolecule-based computers. The main components of a computing device consist of an arithmetic logic unit, the control unit, memory, and the input and output devices. Boolean logic gates are at the core of the operational machinery of these parts, and hence to make biocomputers a reality, biomolecular logic gates become a necessity. Indeed, with the advent of more sophisticated biological tools, both nucleic acid- and protein-based logic systems have been generated. These devices function in the context of either test tubes or living cells and yield highly specific outputs given a set of inputs. In this review, we discuss various types of biomolecular logic gates that have been synthesized, with particular emphasis on recent developments that promise increased complexity of logic gate circuitry, improved computational speed, and potential clinical applications.

  17. Coherently dedispersed gated imaging of millisecond pulsars

    CERN Document Server

    Roy, Jayanta

    2013-01-01

    Motivated by the need for rapid localisation of newly discovered faint millisecond pulsars (MSPs) we have developed a coherently dedispersed gating correlator. This gating correlator accounts for the orbital motions of MSPs in binaries while folding the visibilities with best-fit topocentric rotational model derived from periodicity search in simultaneously generated beamformer output. Unique applications of the gating correlator for sensitive interferometric studies of MSPs are illustrated using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) interferometric array. We could unambiguously localise five newly discovered Fermi MSPs in the on-off gated image plane with an accuracy of +-1". Immediate knowledge of such precise position allows the use of sensitive coherent beams of array telescopes for follow-up timing observations, which substantially reduces the use of telescope time (~ 20X for the GMRT). In addition, precise a-priori astrometric position reduces the effect of large covariances in timing fit (with dis...

  18. Golden Gate and Pt. Reyes Acoustic Detections

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset contains detections of acoustic tagged fish from two general locations: Golden Gate (east and west line) and Pt. Reyes. Several Vemco 69khz acoustic...

  19. 2010 ARRA Lidar: Golden Gate (CA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Golden Gate LiDAR Project is a cooperative project sponsored by the US Geological Survey (USGS) and San Francisco State University (SFSU) that has resulted in...

  20. Time-gated optical projection tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassi, Andrea; Brida, Daniele; D'Andrea, Cosimo; Valentini, Gianluca; Cubeddu, Rinaldo; De Silvestri, Sandro; Cerullo, Giulio

    2010-08-15

    We present an imaging technique that combines optical projection tomography with ballistic imaging using ultrafast time gating. The method provides high-resolution reconstruction of scattering samples and is suitable for three-dimensional (3D) imaging of biological models.

  1. Single gate optimization for plastic injection mold

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ji-quan; LI De-qun; GUO Zhi-ying; LV Hai-yuan

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with a methodology for single gate location optimization for plastic injection mold. The objective of the gate optimization is to minimize the warpage of injection molded parts, because warpage is a crucial quality issue for most injection molded parts while it is influenced greatly by the gate location. Feature warpage is defined as the ratio of maximum displacement on the feature surface to the projected length of the feature surface to describe part warpage. The optimization is combined with the numerical simulation technology to find the optimal gate location, in which the simulated annealing algorithm is used to search for the optimum. Finally, an example is discussed in the paper and it can be concluded that the proposed method is effective.

  2. GATING SYSTEMS FOR PRODUCTION OF HYDRODISTRIBUTORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. A. Volkov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Gating systems of the first group of special ways of casting into shell molds, casting in lined chill mold as more effective for production of hydrodistributors were developed and studied.

  3. Mechanical gating of a mechanochemical reaction cascade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Junpeng; Kouznetsova, Tatiana B.; Boulatov, Roman; Craig, Stephen L.

    2016-11-01

    Covalent polymer mechanochemistry offers promising opportunities for the control and engineering of reactivity. To date, covalent mechanochemistry has largely been limited to individual reactions, but it also presents potential for intricate reaction systems and feedback loops. Here we report a molecular architecture, in which a cyclobutane mechanophore functions as a gate to regulate the activation of a second mechanophore, dichlorocyclopropane, resulting in a mechanochemical cascade reaction. Single-molecule force spectroscopy, pulsed ultrasonication experiments and DFT-level calculations support gating and indicate that extra force of >0.5 nN needs to be applied to a polymer of gated gDCC than of free gDCC for the mechanochemical isomerization gDCC to proceed at equal rate. The gating concept provides a mechanism by which to regulate stress-responsive behaviours, such as load-strengthening and mechanochromism, in future materials designs.

  4. Optimized Multiplier Using Reversible Multicontrol Input Toffoli Gates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H R Bhagyalakshmi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Reversible logic is an important area to carry the computation into the world of quantum computing. In thispaper a 4-bit multiplier using a new reversible logic gate called BVPPG gate is presented. BVPPG gate isa 5 x 5 reversible gate which is designed to generate partial products required to perform multiplicationand also duplication of operand bits is obtained. This reduces the total cost of the circuit. Toffoli gate isthe universal and also most flexible reversible logic gate. So we have used the Toffoli gates to construct thedesigned multiplier.

  5. Smart gating membranes with in situ self-assembled responsive nanogels as functional gates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Feng; Xie, Rui; Liu, Zhuang; Ju, Xiao-Jie; Wang, Wei; Lin, Shuo; Chu, Liang-Yin

    2015-10-01

    Smart gating membranes, inspired by the gating function of ion channels across cell membranes, are artificial membranes composed of non-responsive porous membrane substrates and responsive gates in the membrane pores that are able to dramatically regulate the trans-membrane transport of substances in response to environmental stimuli. Easy fabrication, high flux, significant response and strong mechanical strength are critical for the versatility of such smart gating membranes. Here we show a novel and simple strategy for one-step fabrication of smart gating membranes with three-dimensionally interconnected networks of functional gates, by self-assembling responsive nanogels on membrane pore surfaces in situ during a vapor-induced phase separation process for membrane formation. The smart gating membranes with in situ self-assembled responsive nanogels as functional gates show large flux, significant response and excellent mechanical property simultaneously. Because of the easy fabrication method as well as the concurrent enhancement of flux, response and mechanical property, the proposed smart gating membranes will expand the scope of membrane applications, and provide ever better performances in their applications.

  6. Deletion of cytosolic gating ring decreases gate and voltage sensor coupling in BK channels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Guohui; Geng, Yanyan; Jin, Yakang; Shi, Jingyi; McFarland, Kelli; Magleby, Karl L; Salkoff, Lawrence; Cui, Jianmin

    2017-03-06

    Large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (BK channels) gate open in response to both membrane voltage and intracellular Ca(2+) The channel is formed by a central pore-gate domain (PGD), which spans the membrane, plus transmembrane voltage sensors and a cytoplasmic gating ring that acts as a Ca(2+) sensor. How these voltage and Ca(2+) sensors influence the common activation gate, and interact with each other, is unclear. A previous study showed that a BK channel core lacking the entire cytoplasmic gating ring (Core-MT) was devoid of Ca(2+) activation but retained voltage sensitivity (Budelli et al. 2013. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1313433110). In this study, we measure voltage sensor activation and pore opening in this Core-MT channel over a wide range of voltages. We record gating currents and find that voltage sensor activation in this truncated channel is similar to WT but that the coupling between voltage sensor activation and gating of the pore is reduced. These results suggest that the gating ring, in addition to being the Ca(2+) sensor, enhances the effective coupling between voltage sensors and the PGD. We also find that removal of the gating ring alters modulation of the channels by the BK channel's β1 and β2 subunits.

  7. Sir Robert Boyle and his unique case report on depressed cranial fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rengachary, Setti S; Ashan, Sidra

    2007-09-01

    Sir Robert Boyle is one of the foremost English scientists in history. He received his inspiration from the scientific approaches initiated by Galileo and his disciple, Torricelli. Through rigorous experimentation, Boyle established the fundamental gas laws as we know them today. Although not a physician himself, he contributed enormously to the practice of medical sciences. His voluminous observations and writings represent a landmark in the history of human thought. This article summarizes the scientific contributions of Robert Boyle, with particular emphasis on his contributions to medicine. Boyle wrote a unique case report describing in detail a patient with depressed cranial fracture who underwent successful surgery. Although on only a single case report, it provides us with a unique and rare opportunity to look at the practice of neurosurgery in the mid-17th century. Also presented in this article is Boyle's accurate description of a horse with holoprosencephaly, which was perhaps the first in history. The oft-quoted axiom in clinical medicine "First, do no harm (primum non nocere)" attributed to Sydenham, may be partially credited to Robert Boyle as well.

  8. Homosexual orientation-from nature, not abuse: A critique of Roberts, Glymour, and Koenen (2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rind, Bruce

    2013-11-01

    Roberts, Glymour, and Koenen (2013), using instrumental variable models, argued that child abuse causes homosexual orientation, defined in part as any same-sex attractions. Their instruments were various negative family environment factors. In their analyses, they found that child sexual abuse (CSA) was more strongly related to homosexual orientation than non-sexual maltreatment was, especially among males. The present commentary therefore focused on male CSA. It is argued that Roberts et al.'s "abuse model" is incorrect and an alternative is presented. Male homosexual behavior is common in primates and has been common in many human societies, such that an evolved human male homosexual potential, with individual variation, can be assumed. Cultural variation has been strongly influenced by cultural norms. In our society, homosexual expression is rare because it is counternormative. The "counternormativity model" offered here holds that negative family environment weakens normative controls and increases counternormative thinking and behavior, which, in combination with sufficient homosexual potential and relevant, reinforcing experiences, can produce a homosexual orientation. This is a benign or positive model (innate potential plus release and reinforcement), in contrast to Roberts et al.'s negative model (abuse plus emotional compensation or cognitive distortion). The abuse model is criticized for being based on the sexual victimological paradigm, which developed to describe the female experience in rape and incest. This poorly fits the gay male experience, as demonstrated in a brief non-clinical literature review. Validly understanding male homosexuality, it is argued, requires the broad perspective, as employed here.

  9. Hysteresis in voltage-gated channels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalba-Galea, Carlos A

    2016-09-30

    Ion channels constitute a superfamily of membrane proteins found in all living creatures. Their activity allows fast translocation of ions across the plasma membrane down the ion's transmembrane electrochemical gradient, resulting in a difference in electrical potential across the plasma membrane, known as the membrane potential. A group within this superfamily, namely voltage-gated channels, displays activity that is sensitive to the membrane potential. The activity of voltage-gated channels is controlled by the membrane potential, while the membrane potential is changed by these channels' activity. This interplay produces variations in the membrane potential that have evolved into electrical signals in many organisms. These signals are essential for numerous biological processes, including neuronal activity, insulin release, muscle contraction, fertilization and many others. In recent years, the activity of the voltage-gated channels has been observed not to follow a simple relationship with the membrane potential. Instead, it has been shown that the activity of voltage-gated channel displays hysteresis. In fact, a growing number of evidence have demonstrated that the voltage dependence of channel activity is dynamically modulated by activity itself. In spite of the great impact that this property can have on electrical signaling, hysteresis in voltage-gated channels is often overlooked. Addressing this issue, this review provides examples of voltage-gated ion channels displaying hysteretic behavior. Further, this review will discuss how Dynamic Voltage Dependence in voltage-gated channels can have a physiological role in electrical signaling. Furthermore, this review will elaborate on the current thoughts on the mechanism underlying hysteresis in voltage-gated channels.

  10. P50 sensory gating in infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Anne Spencer; Hunter, Sharon Kay; Groth, Mark A; Ross, Randal Glenn

    2013-12-26

    Attentional deficits are common in a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders including attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, autism, bipolar mood disorder, and schizophrenia. There has been increasing interest in the neurodevelopmental components of these attentional deficits; neurodevelopmental meaning that while the deficits become clinically prominent in childhood or adulthood, the deficits are the results of problems in brain development that begin in infancy or even prenatally. Despite this interest, there are few methods for assessing attention very early in infancy. This report focuses on one method, infant auditory P50 sensory gating. Attention has several components. One of the earliest components of attention, termed sensory gating, allows the brain to tune out repetitive, noninformative sensory information. Auditory P50 sensory gating refers to one task designed to measure sensory gating using changes in EEG. When identical auditory stimuli are presented 500 ms apart, the evoked response (change in the EEG associated with the processing of the click) to the second stimulus is generally reduced relative to the response to the first stimulus (i.e. the response is "gated"). When response to the second stimulus is not reduced, this is considered a poor sensory gating, is reflective of impaired cerebral inhibition, and is correlated with attentional deficits. Because the auditory P50 sensory gating task is passive, it is of potential utility in the study of young infants and may provide a window into the developmental time course of attentional deficits in a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders. The goal of this presentation is to describe the methodology for assessing infant auditory P50 sensory gating, a methodology adapted from those used in studies of adult populations.

  11. Cognitive mechanisms associated with auditory sensory gating

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, L. A.; Hills, P.J.; Dick, K.M.; Jones, S. P.; Bright, P

    2015-01-01

    Sensory gating is a neurophysiological measure of inhibition that is characterised by a reduction in the P50 event-related potential to a repeated identical stimulus. The objective of this work was to determine the cognitive mechanisms that relate to the neurological phenomenon of auditory sensory gating. Sixty participants underwent a battery of 10 cognitive tasks, including qualitatively different measures of attentional inhibition, working memory, and fluid intelligence. Participants addit...

  12. Boolean gates on actin filaments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siccardi, Stefano; Tuszynski, Jack A.; Adamatzky, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Actin is a globular protein which forms long polar filaments in the eukaryotic cytoskeleton. Actin networks play a key role in cell mechanics and cell motility. They have also been implicated in information transmission and processing, memory and learning in neuronal cells. The actin filaments have been shown to support propagation of voltage pulses. Here we apply a coupled nonlinear transmission line model of actin filaments to study interactions between voltage pulses. To represent digital information we assign a logical TRUTH value to the presence of a voltage pulse in a given location of the actin filament, and FALSE to the pulse's absence, so that information flows along the filament with pulse transmission. When two pulses, representing Boolean values of input variables, interact, then they can facilitate or inhibit further propagation of each other. We explore this phenomenon to construct Boolean logical gates and a one-bit half-adder with interacting voltage pulses. We discuss implications of these findings on cellular process and technological applications.

  13. Sensory gating deficits in parents of schizophrenics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waldo, M.; Madison, A.; Freedman, R. [Univ. of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-18

    Although schizophrenia clusters in families, it is not inherited in Mendelian fashion. This suggests that there may be alternative phenotypic expressions of genes that convey risk for schizophrenia, such as more elementary physiological or biochemical defects. One proposed phenotype is impaired inhibitory gating of the auditory evoked potential to repeated stimuli. Normally, the amplitude of the P50 response to the second stimulus is significantly less than the response to the first, but this gating of response is generally impaired in schizophrenia. Clinically unaffected individuals within a pedigree who have both an ancestral and descendant history of schizophrenia may be useful for studying whether this physiological defect is a possible alternative phenotype. We have studied inhibitory gating of the auditory P50 response to pairs of auditory stimuli in 17 nuclear families. In 11, there was one parent who had another relative with a chronic psychotic illness, in addition to the schizophrenic proband. AR of the parents with family histories of schizophrenia had gating of the P50 response similar to their schizophrenia offspring, whereas only 7% of the parents without family history had gating of the P50 response in the abnormal range. These results support loss of gating of the auditory P50 wave as an inherited deficit related to schizophrenia and suggest that studies of parents may help elucidate the neurobiological expression of genes that convey risk for schizophrenia. 36 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. VKCDB: Voltage-gated potassium channel database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gallin Warren J

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The family of voltage-gated potassium channels comprises a functionally diverse group of membrane proteins. They help maintain and regulate the potassium ion-based component of the membrane potential and are thus central to many critical physiological processes. VKCDB (Voltage-gated potassium [K] Channel DataBase is a database of structural and functional data on these channels. It is designed as a resource for research on the molecular basis of voltage-gated potassium channel function. Description Voltage-gated potassium channel sequences were identified by using BLASTP to search GENBANK and SWISSPROT. Annotations for all voltage-gated potassium channels were selectively parsed and integrated into VKCDB. Electrophysiological and pharmacological data for the channels were collected from published journal articles. Transmembrane domain predictions by TMHMM and PHD are included for each VKCDB entry. Multiple sequence alignments of conserved domains of channels of the four Kv families and the KCNQ family are also included. Currently VKCDB contains 346 channel entries. It can be browsed and searched using a set of functionally relevant categories. Protein sequences can also be searched using a local BLAST engine. Conclusions VKCDB is a resource for comparative studies of voltage-gated potassium channels. The methods used to construct VKCDB are general; they can be used to create specialized databases for other protein families. VKCDB is accessible at http://vkcdb.biology.ualberta.ca.

  15. Methodology of Resonant Equiangular Composite Quantum Gates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, Guang Hao; Yoder, Theodore J.; Chuang, Isaac L.

    2016-10-01

    The creation of composite quantum gates that implement quantum response functions U ^(θ ) dependent on some parameter of interest θ is often more of an art than a science. Through inspired design, a sequence of L primitive gates also depending on θ can engineer a highly nontrivial U ^ (θ ) that enables myriad precision metrology, spectroscopy, and control techniques. However, discovering new, useful examples of U ^(θ ) requires great intuition to perceive the possibilities, and often brute force to find optimal implementations. We present a systematic and efficient methodology for composite gate design of arbitrary length, where phase-controlled primitive gates all rotating by θ act on a single spin. We fully characterize the realizable family of U ^ (θ ) , provide an efficient algorithm that decomposes a choice of U ^ (θ ) into its shortest sequence of gates, and show how to efficiently choose an achievable U ^(θ ) that, for fixed L , is an optimal approximation to objective functions on its quadratures. A strong connection is forged with classical discrete-time signal processing, allowing us to swiftly construct, as examples, compensated gates with optimal bandwidth that implement arbitrary single-spin rotations with subwavelength spatial selectivity.

  16. High-Confidence Quantum Gate Tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Blake; da Silva, Marcus; Ryan, Colm; Kimmel, Shelby; Donovan, Brian; Ohki, Thomas

    2014-03-01

    Debugging and verification of high-fidelity quantum gates requires the development of new tools and protocols to unwrap the performance of the gate from the rest of the sequence. Randomized benchmarking tomography[2] allows one to extract full information of the unital portion of the gate with high confidence. We report experimental confirmation of the technique's applicability to quantum gate tomography. We show that the method is robust to common experimental imperfections such as imperfect single-shot readout and state preparation. We also demonstrate the ability to characterize non-Clifford gates. To assist in the experimental implementation we introduce two techniques. ``Atomic Cliffords'' use phase ramping and frame tracking to allow single-pulse implementation of the full group of single-qubit Clifford gates. Domain specific pulse sequencers allow rapid implementation of the many thousands of sequences needed. This research was funded by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), through the Army Research Office contract no. W911NF-10-1-0324.

  17. Radiation-Insensitive Inverse Majority Gates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manohara, Harish; Mojarradi, Mohammad

    2008-01-01

    To help satisfy a need for high-density logic circuits insensitive to radiation, it has been proposed to realize inverse majority gates as microscopic vacuum electronic devices. In comparison with solid-state electronic devices ordinarily used in logic circuits, vacuum electronic devices are inherently much less adversely affected by radiation and extreme temperatures. The proposed development would involve state-of-the-art micromachining and recent advances in the fabrication of carbon-nanotube-based field emitters. A representative three-input inverse majority gate would be a monolithic, integrated structure that would include three gate electrodes, six bundles of carbon nanotubes (serving as electron emitters) at suitable positions between the gate electrodes, and an overhanging anode. The bundles of carbon nanotubes would be grown on degenerately doped silicon substrates that would be parts of the monolithic structure. The gate electrodes would be fabricated as parts of the monolithic structure by means of a double-silicon-on-insulator process developed at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The tops of the bundles of carbon nanotubes would lie below the plane of the tops of the gate electrodes. The particular choice of shapes, dimensions, and relative positions of the electrodes and bundles of carbon nanotubes would provide for both field emission of electrons from the bundles of carbon nanotubes and control of the electron current to obtain the inverse majority function, which is described in the paper.

  18. Fetal Electrocardiogram (fECG Gated MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martyn N.J. Paley

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available We have developed a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI-compatible system to enable gating of a scanner to the heartbeat of a foetus for cardiac, umbilical cord flow and other possible imaging applications. We performed radiofrequency safety testing prior to a fetal electrocardiogram (fECG gated imaging study in pregnant volunteers (n = 3. A compact monitoring device with advanced software capable of reliably detecting both the maternal electrocardiogram (mECG and fECG simultaneously was modified by the manufacturer (Monica Healthcare, Nottingham, UK to provide an external TTL trigger signal from the detected fECG which could be used to trigger a standard 1.5 T MR (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA gating system with suitable attenuation. The MR scanner was tested by triggering rapidly during image acquisition at a typical fetal heart rate (123 beats per minute using a simulated fECG waveform fed into the gating system. Gated MR images were also acquired from volunteers who were attending for a repeat fetal Central Nervous System (CNS examination using an additional rapid cardiac imaging sequence triggered from the measured fECG. No adverse safety effects were encountered. This is the first time fECG gating has been used with MRI and opens up a range of new possibilities to study a developing foetus.

  19. 76 FR 72391 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ... Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation (DLAR) 1000.22. SUMMARY: On May 18, 2011, the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) published a Notice of...

  20. 76 FR 53119 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ... Office of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Comment Addressed on Notice of Availability (NOA) of Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation (DLAR...

  1. Nonassociative learning as gated neural integrator and differentiator in stimulus-response pathways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Daniel L

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Nonassociative learning is a basic neuroadaptive behavior exhibited across animal phyla and sensory modalities but its role in brain intelligence is unclear. Current literature on habituation and sensitization, the classic "dual process" of nonassociative learning, gives highly incongruous accounts between varying experimental paradigms. Here we propose a general theory of nonassociative learning featuring four base modes: habituation/primary sensitization in primary stimulus-response pathways, and desensitization/secondary sensitization in secondary stimulus-response pathways. Primary and secondary modes of nonassociative learning are distinguished by corresponding activity-dependent recall, or nonassociative gating, of neurotransmission memory. From the perspective of brain computation, nonassociative learning is a form of integral-differential calculus whereas nonassociative gating is a form of Boolean logic operator – both dynamically transforming the stimulus-response relationship. From the perspective of sensory integration, nonassociative gating provides temporal filtering whereas nonassociative learning affords low-pass, high-pass or band-pass/band-stop frequency filtering – effectively creating an intelligent sensory firewall that screens all stimuli for attention and resultant internal model adaptation and reaction. This unified framework ties together many salient characteristics of nonassociative learning and nonassociative gating and suggests a common kernel that correlates with a wide variety of sensorimotor integration behaviors such as central resetting and self-organization of sensory inputs, fail-safe sensorimotor compensation, integral-differential and gated modulation of sensorimotor feedbacks, alarm reaction, novelty detection and selective attention, as well as a variety of mental and neurological disorders such as sensorimotor instability, attention deficit hyperactivity, sensory defensiveness, autism

  2. Technical Soddi Defenses: The Trojan Horse Defense Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chad Steel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2004, the Trojan horse defense was at a crossroads, with two child pornography cases where it was successfully employed in the United Kingdom, resulting in acquittals.  The original Trojan horse defense has now become part of the more general “technical SODDI” defense, which includes the possibility of unknown actors using unsecured Wi-Fi connections or having physical access to a computer to perform criminal acts.  In the past ten years, it has failed to be effective in the United States for criminal cases, with no published acquittals in cases where it was the primary defense.  In the criminal cases where it has been used as leverage in plea negotiations, there has been either poor forensics performed by the prosecution or political pressure to resolve a matter.  On the civil side, however, the defense has been wildly successful, effectively shutting down large John Doe copyright infringement litigation against non-commercial violators.  

  3. Metshtõ i grezõ v golubõh tonah / Robert Antropov, Kalev Prillop ; interv. Jevgeni Kapov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Antropov, Robert, 1965-

    2003-01-01

    Politseiameti peadirektor Robert Antropov vastab küsimustele, mis on seotud tema kohtumistega Ida-Virumaa politseinikega, kavandatavate muudatustega politseis, Kalev Prillop vastab küsimustele regionaalse prefektuuri prioriteetide kohta

  4. 77 FR 40878 - Californians for Renewable Energy, Inc., Michael E. Boyd, Robert M. Sarvey, v. California Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Californians for Renewable Energy, Inc., Michael E. Boyd, Robert M. Sarvey, v. California Public Utilities Commission, California Department of Water Resources, Pacific Gas...

  5. Curiosity, Hope, and Vision: The Role of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Pioneer Portfolio in Funding Early Health Game Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarini, Paul

    2012-02-01

    Games for Health Journal Editor Bill Ferguson recently discussed The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's important role in funding health game research with Paul Tarini, Senior Program Officer for the Foundation's Pioneer Portfolio.

  6. “Trickster” and “Republican”: Robert Harley’s Political Career in the 1690s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiselev Aleksandr

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that Robert Harley is known as Tory politician, he began his career as a Whig politician. His grandfather and father were Presbyterians, and Robert Harley himself was a Presbyterian during his entire life. Harley’s family supported the Glorious Revolution of 1688. In 1689 Robert Harley was first elected to the House of Commons as a representative of the Whig party. Thanks to his wife’s Foley family, Robert Harley was elected as a commissioner of public accounts in the House of Commons. In 1689 Britain entered the “war of King William” which was a burden for many gentry (Whigs or Tories. Robert Harley became famous in the parliament as a critic of the war and corruption in the army. In 1693 the Whig leaders headed the ministry and continued the war. Their policy divided the Whigs party in two factions: “Court Whigs” and “Country Whigs”. Robert Harley and his supporters became “Country Whigs”, and they criticized the “Court Whigs”. By 1700 Robert Harley joined the Tory party. The article also describes the evolution of historiography of Harley‘s policy. Victorian historians have called the Prime Minister a “stupid person”. The same opinion was repeated by Russian historians of the 19th century. But in the 20th century the assessment of Robert Harley’s activity was changed by the works of K. Feiling, G. Holmes, B.W. Hill and other historians. Soviet historians (for example M.A. Barg also called R.Harley a “mediocre politician”, but modern Russian historians (L.I. Ivonina, T.L. Labutina and others consider him a “clever statesman” and a “master of political intrigues and parliamentary diplomacy”.

  7. Robert Kagan, un « néo-conservateur » emblématique Robert Kagan, A Leading Neoconservative Pundit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Guerlain

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is an analysis of the new rhetoric of imperialism developed by Robert Kagan and the wrongly named "neo-conservatives" who have shaped the foreign policy of the Bush Administration. Kagan resorts to a gendered view of international relations which idealizes the use of force and reinvigorates the concepts and mental categories of Theodore Roosevelt. Kagan’s dismissal of and scorn for the Europeans critical of the Bush Administration take a pseudo philosophical form but boil down to shopworn biological conceptions. Rather than being typical of American views of Europe, Kagan’s neo-imperialist musings are those of a clearly identified ideological group that now exerts enormous influence over the White House, and are strongly opposed by other Americans.

  8. The Path to Finally Realizing the Adaptive Planning Vision of Defense Secretaries Rumsfeld and Gates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-03

    landscape.4 On July 1, 2004, Lieutenant General Ricardo Sanchez relinquished command of Multi-National Force-Iraq (MNF-I) to General George Casey...personal decorations include the Joint Commendation Medal , Navy Commendation Medal (second award), Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal (second award

  9. Robert Collongues

    OpenAIRE

    Bensaude-Vincent, Bernadette; Teissier, Pierre

    2008-01-01

    A biography of the New Dictionary of Scientific Biography; Collongues, the heir to a long research tradition dating back to Henry Le Chatelier in the early twentieth century, contributed to the emergence of solid-state chemistry in France. Around 1950, Collongues's early works on crystal-structure defects in iron oxides led him to reappraise the concept of non-stoichiometry and to focus on order-disorder phenomena. Then he promoted the crystal-growth of metal oxides by developing high tempera...

  10. Gated SIT Vidicon Streak Tube

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunbar, D. L.; Yates, G. J.; Black, J. P.

    1986-01-01

    A recently developed prototype streak tube designed to produce high gain and resolution by incorporating the streak and readout functions in one envelope thereby minimizing photon-to-charge transformations and eliminating external coupling losses is presented. The tube is based upon a grid-gated Silicon-Intensified-Target Vidicon (SITV) with integral Focus Projection Scan (FPS) TV readout. Demagnifying electron optics (m=0.63) in the image section map the 40-mm-diameter photocathode image unto a 25-mm-diameter silicon target where gains >= 103 are achieved with only 10 KV accelerating voltage. This is compared with much lower gains (~ 50) at much higher voltages (~ 30 KV) reported for streak tubes using phosphor screens. Because SIT technology is well established means for electron imaging in vacuum, such fundamental problems as "backside thinning" required for electron imaging unto CCDs do not exist. The high spatial resolution (~ 30 1p/mm), variable scan formats, and high speed electrostatic deflection (250 mm2 areas are routinely rastered with 256 scan lines in 1.6 ms) available from FPS readout add versatility not available in CCD devices. Theoretical gain and spatial resolution for this design (developed jointly by Los Alamos National Laboratory and General Electric Co.) are compared with similar calculations and measured data obtained for RCA 73435 streaks fiber optically coupled to (1) 25-mm-diameter SIT FPS vidicons and (2) 40-mm-diameter MCPTs (proximity-focused microchannel plate image intensifier tubes) fiber optically coupled to 18-mm-diameter Sb2S3 FPS vidicons. Sweep sensitivity, shutter ratio, and record lengths for nanosecond duration (20 to 200 ns) streak applications are discussed.

  11. Controlled Logic Gates-Switch Gate and Fredkin Gate Based on Enzyme-Biocatalyzed Reactions Realized in Flow Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fratto, Brian E; Katz, Evgeny

    2016-04-04

    Controlled logic gates, where the logic operations on the Data inputs are performed in the way determined by the Control signal, were designed in a chemical fashion. Specifically, the systems where the Data output signals directed to various output channels depending on the logic value of the Control input signal have been designed based on enzyme biocatalyzed reactions performed in a multi-cell flow system. In the Switch gate one Data signal was directed to one of two possible output channels depending on the logic value of the Control input signal. In the reversible Fredkin gate the routing of two Data signals between two output channels is controlled by the third Control signal. The flow devices were created using a network of flow cells, each modified with one enzyme that biocatalyzed one chemical reaction. The enzymatic cascade was realized by moving the solution from one reacting cell to another which were organized in a specific network. The modular design of the enzyme-based systems realized in the flow device allowed easy reconfiguration of the logic system, thus allowing simple extension of the logic operation from the 2-input/3-output channels in the Switch gate to the 3-input/3-output channels in the Fredkin gate. Further increase of the system complexity for realization of various logic processes is feasible with the use of the flow cell modular design. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Statistical determinations of the gating windows in the respiratory gated radiotherapy using the visible guiding system

    CERN Document Server

    Oh, Se An; Lee, Hyun Jeong; Kim, Sung Kyu

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Respiratory gated radiation therapy (RGRT) is used to minimize the radiation dose to normal tissue in lung cancer patients. Determinations of the gating window in the respiratory phase of patients are important in RGRT but it is not easy. The objective of this study was to determine the optimal gating window with a visible guiding system in RGRT. Materials and Methods: Between April and October in 2014 the breathing signals of 23 lung cancer patients were recorded with a Real-time Position Management (RPM) respiratory gating system (Varian, USA). We performed statistical analysis with breathing signals to find the optimal gating window for the guided breathing for RGRT. Results: 19 of the 23 patients showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) when the breathing signals obtained before and after breathing training were compared, The standard deviation of the respiration signals after breathing training was the lowest in the phase of 30 % - 70 % (p < 0.05). Conclusions: RGRT with RPM...

  13. The Inflammasome in Host Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gang Chen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nod-like receptors have emerged as an important family of sensors in host defense. These receptors are expressed in macrophages, dendritic cells and monocytes and play an important role in microbial immunity. Some Nod-like receptors form the inflammasome, a protein complex that activates caspase-1 in response to several stimuli. Caspase-1 activation leads to processing and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL-1β and IL-18. Here, we discuss recent advances in the inflammasome field with an emphasis on host defense. We also compare differential requirements for inflammasome activation in dendritic cells, macrophages and monocytes.

  14. Iron Gates Natural Park - Administration and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sînziana Pauliuc

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the management and administration of one of the largest, beautiful and complex natural parks from Romania, the Iron Gates Natural Park. The management plan is a frame of integration of the biodiversity conservation problems and protection of the natural and cultural environment that also supports socio-economic development of Iron Gates Natural Park. It is also an instrument of dialog between the institutions which coordinate this area. The management plan is a document approved by H.G 1048/2013 and it resulted after consulting the interested factors of the area (city halls, local and central authorities, civil society. The administration of Iron Gates Natural Park has a new structure, founded in 2003 and is working as a subunit of Forest-National Administration (Romsilva, which assures the necessary personal and equipment for administrating the area. The area has the status of: Natural Park, Natura 2000 and Ramsar site. The forest represents 65% of the total area, 98% being a state property. Analysing Iron Gates Natural Park documents (Iron Gates Natural Park management plan, scientific council and park administration documents, visits and observations within park, we can conclude that the park has a good administration leaded by the scientific councils, who also achieved many successful European projects.

  15. Szilard engine reversibility as quantum gate function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihelic, F. Matthew

    2012-06-01

    A quantum gate is a logically and thermodynamically reversible situation that effects a unitary transformation of qubits of superimposed information, and essentially constitutes a situation for a reversible quantum decision. A quantum decision is a symmetry break, and the effect of the function of a Szilard engine is a symmetry break. A quantum gate is a situation in which a reversible quantum decision can be made, and so if a logically and thermodynamically reversible Szilard engine can be theoretically constructed then it would function as a quantum gate. While the traditionally theorized Szilard engine is not thermodynamically reversible, if one of the bounding walls of a Szilard engine were to be constructed out of the physical information by which it functions in such a manner as to make that information available to both sides of the wall simultaneously, then such a Szilard engine would be both logically and thermodynamically reversible, and thus capable of function as a quantum gate. A theoretical model of the special case of a reversible Szilard engine functioning as a quantum gate is presented and discussed, and since a quantum decision is made when the shutter of a Szilard engine closes, the coherence of linked reversible Szilard engines should be considered as a state during which all of the shutters of linked Szilard engines are open simultaneously.

  16. Inventory of gate-sensing equipment at 14 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers dams in Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harwell, Glenn R.

    2005-01-01

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a worldwide organization that provides engineering services, environmental restoration, and construction support for a wide variety of civil and military projects. The primary civil mission of the USACE is developing and managing the Nation's water resources. USACE develops projects to reduce flood damage, improve navigation channels and harbors, protect wetlands, and preserve, safeguard, and enhance the environment. Additional missions of the Corps include managing federal real estate, assisting communities with emergency operations and recovery, and providing recreation opportunities.Accurate and timely information on reservoir gate openings is critical for managing flood pools, reducing flood damage downstream from reservoirs, delivering drinking-water supplies, and meeting an assortment of competing downstream water-use needs. Documentation, operation, and maintenance of gate sensors are needed so that reliable, timely information is available to USACE to make reservoir operation decisions.USACE requested that the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) prepare an inventory and documentation of existing gate-sensing equipment at 14 reservoirs that will serve as a user’s manual for operating the equipment. The 14 reservoirs include Aquilla Lake, Bardwell Lake, Benbrook Lake, Canyon Lake, Georgetown Lake, Granger Lake, Grapevine Lake, Jim Chapman Lake, Joe Pool Lake, Lake O’ the Pines, Ray Roberts Lake, Somerville Lake, Stillhouse Hollow Lake, and Wright Patman Lake.This report presents the inventory and documentation of the existing gate-sensing equipment at the 14. The report is organized by lake; information in each lake section includes location of lake and intake structure, directions to each lake (road log), access, equipment description, operation and maintenance information, job hazard analysis, wiring diagrams, photographs, and datalogger programs. The report also includes a list of contact information for the

  17. Variable Block Carry Skip Logic using Reversible Gates

    OpenAIRE

    Islam, Md. Rafiqul; Islam, Md. Saiful; Karim, Muhammad Rezaul; Mahmud, Abdullah Al; Babu, Hafiz Md. Hasan

    2010-01-01

    Reversible circuits have applications in digital signal processing, computer graphics, quantum computation and cryptography. In this paper, a generalized k*k reversible gate family is proposed and a 3*3 gate of the family is discussed. Inverter, AND, OR, NAND, NOR, and EXOR gates can be realized by this gate. Implementation of a full-adder circuit using two such 3*3 gates is given. This full-adder circuit contains only two reversible gates and produces no extra garbage outputs. The proposed f...

  18. Multibit CkNOT quantum gates via Rydberg blockade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isenhower, L.; Saffman, Mark; Mølmer, Klaus

    2011-01-01

    Long range Rydberg blockade interactions have the potential for efficient implementation of quantum gates between multiple atoms. Here we present and analyze a protocol for implementation of a k-atom controlled NOT (CkNOT) neutral atom gate. This gate can be implemented using sequential or simult......Long range Rydberg blockade interactions have the potential for efficient implementation of quantum gates between multiple atoms. Here we present and analyze a protocol for implementation of a k-atom controlled NOT (CkNOT) neutral atom gate. This gate can be implemented using sequential...

  19. A gate size estimation algorithm for data association filters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG MingHui; WAN Qun; YOU ZhiSheng

    2008-01-01

    The problem of forming validation regions or gates for new sensor measurements obtained when tracking targets in clutter is considered. Since the gate size is an integral part of the data association filter, this paper is intended to describe a way of estimating the gate size via the performance of the data association filter. That is, the gate size can be estimated by looking for the optimal performance of the data association filter. Simulations show that this estimation method of the gate size offers advantages over the common and classical estimation methods of the gate size, especially in a heavy clutter and/or false alarm environment.

  20. AN IMPROVED DESIGN OF A MULTIPLIER USING REVERSIBLE LOGIC GATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.R.BHAGYALAKSHMI

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Reversible logic gates are very much in demand for the future computing technologies as they are known to produce zero power dissipation under ideal conditions. This paper proposes an improved design of a multiplier using reversible logic gates. Multipliers are very essential for the construction of various computational units of a quantum computer. The quantum cost of a reversible logic circuit can be minimized by reducing the number of reversible logic gates. For this two 4*4 reversible logic gates called a DPG gate and a BVF gate are used.