WorldWideScience

Sample records for defense research establishment

  1. Department of Defense Plan to Establish Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    any requirements or responsibilities on any Department of Defense (DoD) component. New policy and guidance will be issued in accordance with DoD...industrial base and commercialization of DoD technologies will also benefit entrepreneurship , and enhance economic growth and job creation. Through...and their format (numeric, date, text, etc.). In contrast, data is the actual data values such as the “U.S. Patent and Trade Office” or the “ Social

  2. Defense Research Enterprise Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Please review the report findings and recommendations. I am interested in receiving your feedback for inclusion in programs wherever these...needed culture shift to utilize their existing authorities. Finally, expanded coordination among intermural basic research portfolios across the Labs...research portfolios across the Labs without creating additional administrative burdens is needed. The defense research enterprise should

  3. Establishing a Department of Defense Program Management Body of Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    Initiation, Implementation, and Termination (19:10-11). Another definition can be gained from Dr David Cleland, in his text Project Management Strategies...The Defense Systems Management College (DSMC) was established in 1971 under the direction of Deputy Secretary of Defense David Packard (5:5).. The...intelligence activities, cryptological activities, omand and control, equipment that is an integral part of a weapon or weapon system, equipment critical

  4. Establishing rigour in qualitative radiography research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, F.J. [School of Healthcare Professions, University of Salford, Salford M6 6PU (United Kingdom)], E-mail: f.j.murphy@salford.ac.uk; Yielder, J. [Medical Imaging, School of Health Sciences, Unitec, Auckland (New Zealand)

    2010-02-15

    The vast majority of radiography research is subject to critique and evaluation from peers in order to justify the method and the outcome of the study. Within the quantitative domain, which the majority of medical imaging publications tend to fall into, there are prescribed methods for establishing scientific rigour and quality in order to critique a study. However, researchers within the qualitative paradigm, which is a developing area of radiography research, are often unclear about the most appropriate methods to measure the rigour (standards and quality) of a research study. This article considers the issues related to rigour, reliability and validity within qualitative research. The concepts of reliability and validity are briefly discussed within traditional positivism and then the attempts to use these terms as a measure of quality within qualitative research are explored. Alternative methods for research rigour in interpretive research (meanings and emotions) are suggested in order to compliment the existing radiography framework that exists for qualitative studies. The authors propose the use of an established model that is adapted to reflect the iterative process of qualitative research. Although a mechanistic approach to establishing rigour is rejected by many qualitative researchers, it is argued that a guide for novice researchers within a developing research base such as radiography is appropriate in order to establish the credibility and trustworthiness of a qualitative study.

  5. Report of the Defense Science Board Subcommittee on Department of Defense Research Policy. Part 1. Policy on Support of Basic Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    1963-12-31

    f. .. AD-A955 482 Report of the Defen e Science Board Subcomtnittee on Depart•eat of Defense RESEARCH POLICY OTIC SELECTED NOV 2 91J88 0(/H...ACCESSION NO NA 11 TITLE (inc/ud* Stcunty Oassificat/on) Report of the Defense Science Board Subcomittee on Department of Defense Research Policy , Part...Defense Research Policy Office of the Director of Defense Research and Engineering Washington, D. C. 31 December 1963 OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR OF DEFENSE

  6. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Strategic Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    Autonomous Language Exploitation ...................................................................... 33 Figure 35: Bio-inspired "Big Dog" quadruped robot is... Acqusition , Technology and the United States, while creating Logistics Kenneth J. Krieg technological surprise for our • Under Secretaryof Defense for...working to maintain our global lead in this technology (Section 3.7). " Real-Time Accurate Language Translation: real-time machine language

  7. Interplay of Pathogen-Induced Defense Responses and Symbiotic Establishment in Medicago truncatula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Chen

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Suppression of host innate immunity appears to be required for the establishment of symbiosis between rhizobia and host plants. In this study, we established a system that included a host plant, a bacterial pathogen and a symbiotic rhizobium to study the role of innate immunity during symbiotic interactions. A pathogenic bacterium, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato strain DC3000 (Pst DC3000, was shown to cause chlorosis in Medicago truncatula A17. Sinorhizobium meliloti strain Sm2011 (Sm2011 and Pst DC3000 strain alone induced similar defense responses in M. truncatula. However, when co-inoculated, Sm2011 specifically suppressed the defense responses induced by Pst DC3000, such as MAPK activation and ROS production. Inoculation with Sm2011 suppressed the transcription of defense-related genes triggered by Pst DC3000 infection, including the receptor of bacterial flagellin (FLS2, pathogenesis-related protein 10 (PR10, and the transcription factor WRKY33. Interestingly, inoculation with Pst DC3000 specifically inhibited the expression of the symbiosis marker genes nodule inception and nodulation pectate lyase and reduced the numbers of infection threads and nodules on M. truncatula A17 roots, indicating that Pst DC3000 inhibits the establishment of symbiosis in M. truncatula. In addition, defense-related genes, such as MAPK3/6, RbohC, and WRKY33, exhibited a transient increase in their expression in the early stage of symbiosis with Sm2011, but the expression dropped down to normal levels at later symbiotic stages. Our results suggest that plant innate immunity plays an antagonistic role in symbiosis by directly reducing the numbers of infection threads and nodules.

  8. Interplay of Pathogen-Induced Defense Responses and Symbiotic Establishment in Medicago truncatula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tao; Duan, Liujian; Zhou, Bo; Yu, Haixiang; Zhu, Hui; Cao, Yangrong; Zhang, Zhongming

    2017-01-01

    Suppression of host innate immunity appears to be required for the establishment of symbiosis between rhizobia and host plants. In this study, we established a system that included a host plant, a bacterial pathogen and a symbiotic rhizobium to study the role of innate immunity during symbiotic interactions. A pathogenic bacterium, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato strain DC3000 (Pst DC3000), was shown to cause chlorosis in Medicago truncatula A17. Sinorhizobium meliloti strain Sm2011 (Sm2011) and Pst DC3000 strain alone induced similar defense responses in M. truncatula. However, when co-inoculated, Sm2011 specifically suppressed the defense responses induced by Pst DC3000, such as MAPK activation and ROS production. Inoculation with Sm2011 suppressed the transcription of defense-related genes triggered by Pst DC3000 infection, including the receptor of bacterial flagellin (FLS2), pathogenesis-related protein 10 (PR10), and the transcription factor WRKY33. Interestingly, inoculation with Pst DC3000 specifically inhibited the expression of the symbiosis marker genes nodule inception and nodulation pectate lyase and reduced the numbers of infection threads and nodules on M. truncatula A17 roots, indicating that Pst DC3000 inhibits the establishment of symbiosis in M. truncatula. In addition, defense-related genes, such as MAPK3/6, RbohC, and WRKY33, exhibited a transient increase in their expression in the early stage of symbiosis with Sm2011, but the expression dropped down to normal levels at later symbiotic stages. Our results suggest that plant innate immunity plays an antagonistic role in symbiosis by directly reducing the numbers of infection threads and nodules.

  9. Research on Nonlinear Dynamics with Defense Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    numerical verifications, we have experimentally realized the scheme by using a Duffing -type of nonlinear electronic oscillator (originally developed by C...circuits In defense applications it may be desirable to induce chaos in nonlinear oscillators operating in a stable regime. Examples of such oscillators ...evolutions of the target Duffing circuit and deliver resonant perturbations to generate robust chaotic attractors. A brief account of the work has been

  10. Making Department of Defense Basic Research Purple (Joint), but NOT the Department of Defense Laboratories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    outside of government, where they report to the chief executive officer (CEO) or to the CEO through a chief technology officer ( CTO ). The panel...Technology ASDR&E Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering CEO chief executive officer COE Center of Excellence CTO chief

  11. In Defense of Positivist Research Paradigms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrag, Francis

    1992-01-01

    Presents a prototypical case illustrating what positivist research means and argues that even critics of positivist research are logically committed to propositions that can be tested only through positivist research paradigms. The relationship between the nature of a community's research enterprise and its educational provisions must be causal.…

  12. An Analysis of Second-Tier Arms Producing Countries’ Offset Policies: Technology Transfer and Defense Industrial Base Establishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    and those that rem of offsets to establish a defense industrial base in the recipient country defense offsets extensively since the 1970s (Perlo...the British/French Jaguar, the British/German/ Italian Tornado, and the French/German Alpha Jet emerged from Thus, the U.S. succeeded in achieving...Other indications of Brazil’s failure to establish self- production which were discussed in Chapter II include the Italian and components to equip their

  13. Defense Coastal/Estuarine Research Program (DCERP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-19

    compensation point model include measures of wind speed, relative humidity, solar radiation, temperature, and leaf apoplast chemistry (Sutton et al...Supporting Researcher(s) and Staff: Ignacio Moore (Virginia Tech); 1 post-doctoral researcher Hypotheses: 1. Stress hormone levels of target bird...velocity, barometric pressure, humidity, solar radiation, SEDIMENTOLOGY Texture and composition, sediment compaction and distribution of hard bottom

  14. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 23, Number 3, Issue 78, July 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    for National Security and Resource Strategy Dr. J. Ronald Fox Harvard Business School Mr. David Gallop Defense Acquisition University Dr. Jacques...Predator: The Secret Origins of the Drone Revolution Written by Richard Whittle Reviewed by Julien Demotes-Mainard Mr. Patrick Fitzgerald Defense...Defense Acquisition Research Journal, formerly the Defense Acquisition Review Journal, is published quarterly by the Defense Acquisition University (DAU

  15. Establishing Liver Bioreactors for In Vitro Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebelo, Sofia P; Costa, Rita; Sousa, Marcos F Q; Brito, Catarina; Alves, Paula M

    2015-01-01

    In vitro systems that can effectively model liver function for long periods of time are fundamental tools for preclinical research. Nevertheless, the adoption of in vitro research tools at the earliest stages of drug development has been hampered by the lack of culture systems that offer the robustness, scalability, and flexibility necessary to meet industry's demands. Bioreactor-based technologies, such as stirred tank bioreactors, constitute a feasible approach to aggregate hepatic cells and maintain long-term three-dimensional cultures. These three-dimensional cultures sustain the polarity, differentiated phenotype, and metabolic performance of human hepatocytes. Culture in computer-controlled stirred tank bioreactors allows the maintenance of physiological conditions, such as pH, dissolved oxygen, and temperature, with minimal fluctuations. Moreover, by operating in perfusion mode, gradients of soluble factors and metabolic by-products can be established, aiming at resembling the in vivo microenvironment. This chapter provides a protocol for the aggregation and culture of hepatocyte spheroids in stirred tank bioreactors by applying perfusion mode for the long-term culture of human hepatocytes. This in vitro culture system is compatible with feeding high-throughput screening platforms for the assessment of drug elimination pathways, being a useful tool for toxicology research and drug development in the preclinical phase.

  16. Cyber Defense Research and Monitoring Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This facility acts as a fusion point for bridging ARL's research in tactical and operational Information Assurance (IA) areas and the development and assessment of...

  17. Establishing bioinformatics research in the Asia Pacific

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tammi Martti

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In 1998, the Asia Pacific Bioinformatics Network (APBioNet, Asia's oldest bioinformatics organisation was set up to champion the advancement of bioinformatics in the Asia Pacific. By 2002, APBioNet was able to gain sufficient critical mass to initiate the first International Conference on Bioinformatics (InCoB bringing together scientists working in the field of bioinformatics in the region. This year, the InCoB2006 Conference was organized as the 5th annual conference of the Asia-Pacific Bioinformatics Network, on Dec. 18–20, 2006 in New Delhi, India, following a series of successful events in Bangkok (Thailand, Penang (Malaysia, Auckland (New Zealand and Busan (South Korea. This Introduction provides a brief overview of the peer-reviewed manuscripts accepted for publication in this Supplement. It exemplifies a typical snapshot of the growing research excellence in bioinformatics of the region as we embark on a trajectory of establishing a solid bioinformatics research culture in the Asia Pacific that is able to contribute fully to the global bioinformatics community.

  18. Institutional Research: Offense, Defense, Coach, or Referee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Richard D.

    1992-01-01

    A college or university's intercollegiate athletics program is a visible and sensitive component of a campus about which pressures for data and information can become intense quickly. The campus institutional research professional and other campus administrators must be prepared to face this challenge knowledgeably and responsibly. (MSE)

  19. Improving Defense Health Program Medical Research Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-08

    Health (NIH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , private foundations, and others (Figure 1b). These disparate funding sources may fund...Reed and his team’s discovery and confirmation of the transmission of deadly diseases such as typhoid fever and yellow fever. 5 Researchers also...contributed to the development of intravenous therapy for cholera ; 6 and the development of anti- malarial agents such as chloroquine, doxycycline

  20. Defense Nanotechnology Research and Development Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-17

    that can be dyed to match specific patterns and woven into uniforms. • An electrospun fiberized adhesive has been developed for fabric laminates...150 by 30 crossbars ). • High moment, magnetic nano-tags have been fabricated that allow DNA fingerprinting without DNA amplification (i.e., the... learned , and DoD guidance is critical to assure both the optimum direction of ongoing research efforts and the optimum leveraging of this knowledge to

  1. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 555 - Director of Defense Research and Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Director of Defense Research and Engineering A... Engineering June 14, 1974. Memorandum for Assistant Secretaries of the Military Departments (R&D) Subject: Non... Engineering Assistant Secretary of Defense (Comptroller). Subject: Non-Defense Work in DOD Laboratories and R...

  2. Osteopontin impairs host defense during established gram-negative sepsis caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (melioidosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerritje J W van der Windt

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Melioidosis, caused by infection with Burkholderia (B. pseudomallei, is a severe illness that is endemic in Southeast Asia. Osteopontin (OPN is a phosphorylated glycoprotein that is involved in several immune responses including induction of T-helper 1 cytokines and recruitment of inflammatory cells. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: OPN levels were determined in plasma from 33 melioidosis patients and 31 healthy controls, and in wild-type (WT mice intranasally infected with B. pseudomallei. OPN function was studied in experimental murine melioidosis using WT and OPN knockout (KO mice. Plasma OPN levels were elevated in patients with severe melioidosis, even more so in patients who went on to die. In patients who recovered plasma OPN concentrations had decreased after treatment. In experimental melioidosis in mice plasma and pulmonary OPN levels were also increased. Whereas WT and OPN KO mice were indistinguishable during the first 24 hours after infection, after 72 hours OPN KO mice demonstrated reduced bacterial numbers in their lungs, diminished pulmonary tissue injury, especially due to less necrosis, and decreased neutrophil infiltration. Moreover, OPN KO mice displayed a delayed mortality as compared to WT mice. OPN deficiency did not influence the induction of proinflammatory cytokines. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that sustained production of OPN impairs host defense during established septic melioidosis.

  3. 82 FR 11438 - Establishment of Academic Research Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-23

    ...'s Office of Research advice and feedback on research methodologies, framing research questions, data... Research advice and feedback on research methodologies, framing research questions, data collection, and... Doc No: 2017-03494] BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION Establishment of Academic Research...

  4. SITREP: The NPS Maritime Defense and Security Research Program Newsletter ; v. 38 (April 2009)

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    This April 2009 issue of the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) Maritime Defense and Security Research Program Newsletter highlights the following research: "Join MDA [Maritime Defense and Awareness] Outreach on ODNI [Office of the Director of National Intelligence] Bridge" and "NPS Cooperative Operations and Applied Science & Technology Studies." It also provides links to future events, reports, articles, and NPS Theses regarding maritime defense and security.

  5. Maritime Trade Defense: Establishing the Joint Force Maritime Trade Component Commander

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    continued to grow. Maersk Line , a leading company in container ship development, is set to launch an 18,000 TEU container ship in 2013, named the...by Sam J. Tangredi et al. (Washington DC: National Defense University, 2002), 137. 25 Maersk Line . About Us: About Maersk Line . 2011. http...edited by Andrew Forbes, 153-164. RAAF Fairbairn, Canberra: Australian Defence Force Academy, 2003. Maersk Line . About Us: About Maersk Line . 2011

  6. Asia's First Bat Research Center Established in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ In cooperation with a local government, the CAS Institute of Zoology (IOZ) has established Asia's first bat research and protection center in Fangshan, a southwest suburb of Beijing. Its opening ceremony was held on November 16, 2004.

  7. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 21, Number 1, Issue 68

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    exclusivity and the egos of A Publication of the Defense Acquisition University http://www.dau.mil 477 Defense ARJ, January 2014, Vol. 21 No. 1: 466–484...the decreasing strength of their fleet relative to Japan’s. As Professor John Kuehn emphasizes, this multidimensional threat drasti- cally altered

  8. 48 CFR 225.7016 - Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation. 225.7016 Section 225.7016 Federal Acquisition... Acquisition 225.7016 Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation. ...

  9. Positioning indicators for cross-disciplinary challenges: the Dutch coastal defense research case

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merkx, F.; van den Besselaar, P.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we develop indicators for the responsiveness of the research system to the changing knowledge needs that follow from changes in social and policy priorities. In this paper we use coastal defense research as a case. Using four different approaches –– an analysis of coastal defense poli

  10. Positioning indicators for cross-disciplinary challenges: The Dutch coastal defense research case

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merkx, F.; van den Besselaar, P.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we develop indicators for the responsiveness of the research system to the changing knowledge needs that follow from changes in social and policy priorities. In this paper we use coastal defense research as a case. Using four different approaches — an analysis of coastal defense polic

  11. 77 FR 75414 - Establishment of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... industry practices and benchmarks for world class medical construction; b. Reviewing ongoing construction... shall include medical facility design experts; military healthcare professionals; representatives of... gives notice that it is establishing the charter for the Independent Review Panel on Military...

  12. Department of Defense Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT and E): Appropriations Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-13

    Department of Defense Research , Development , Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E): Appropriations Structure John F. Sargent Jr. Specialist in...Congressional Research Service Summary The Department of Defense (DOD) conducts research , development , testing, and evaluation (RDT&E) in support...is for applied research ; 6.3 is for advanced technology development ; 6.4 is for advanced component development and prototypes; 6.5 is for systems

  13. [Criteria for establishing priorities for research in health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llop Hernández, A

    1987-01-01

    The author discusses the background for the idea of framing explicit policies on science and technology in the countries. She refers to the work of PAHO's Advisory Committee on Research (formerly Advisory Committee on Medical Research) and to statements made by governments on different occasions to the effect that the countries should establish their own research infrastructure. She mentions the basic elements and components of a national policy on science and technology, enunciates the principles that contribute to the establishment of a set of objectives, and states a number of premises that ensure the attainment of those objectives. She ends with some general observations on the criteria for the setting of priorities in health research.

  14. National Defense Research Institute Annual Report: Contract Year 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-11-14

    Policy, concentrated on cocaine and mar- The RAND team recommended a measure more juana smuggling. Interdiction of the third major directly related to... sors of the Center’s work include both the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Force Management and Person- PROCUREMENT nel) and the Assistant Secretary of

  15. Research workshop to research work: initial steps in establishing health research systems on Malaita, Solomon Islands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kekuabata Esau

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Atoifi Adventist Hospital is a 90 bed general hospital in East Kwaio, Malaita, Solomon Islands providing services to the population of subsistence villagers of the region. Health professionals at the hospital and attached College of Nursing have considerable human capacity and willingness to undertake health research. However they are constrained by limited research experience, training opportunities, research systems, physical infrastructure and access to resources. This brief commentary describes an 'Introduction to Health Research' workshop delivered at Atoifi Adventist Hospital in September 2009 and efforts to move from 'research workshop' to 'research work'. The Approach Using a participatory-action research approach underpinned by decolonising methodologies, staff from Atoifi Adventist Hospital and James Cook University (Queensland, Australia collaboratively designed, implemented and evaluated a health research workshop. Basic health research principles and methods were presented using active learning methodologies. Following the workshop, Atoifi Adventist Hospital and Atoifi College of Nursing staff, other professionals and community members reported an increased awareness and understanding of health research. The formation of a local Research Committee, improved ethics review procedures and the identification of local research mentors followed the week long workshop. The workshop has acted as a catalyst for research activity, increasing structural and human resource capacity for local health professionals and community leaders to engage in research. Discussion and Conclusions Participants from a variety of educational backgrounds participated in, and received benefit from, a responsive, culturally and linguistically accessible health research workshop. Improving health research systems at a remote hospital and aligning these with local and national research agendas is establishing a base to strengthen public health

  16. Research workshop to research work: initial steps in establishing health research systems on Malaita, Solomon Islands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redman-Maclaren, Michelle L; Maclaren, David J; Solomon, Janella; Muse, Alwin; Asugeni, Rowena; Harrington, Humpress; Kekuabata, Esau; Speare, Richard; Clough, Alan R

    2010-10-31

    Atoifi Adventist Hospital is a 90 bed general hospital in East Kwaio, Malaita, Solomon Islands providing services to the population of subsistence villagers of the region. Health professionals at the hospital and attached College of Nursing have considerable human capacity and willingness to undertake health research. However they are constrained by limited research experience, training opportunities, research systems, physical infrastructure and access to resources. This brief commentary describes an 'Introduction to Health Research' workshop delivered at Atoifi Adventist Hospital in September 2009 and efforts to move from 'research workshop' to 'research work'. Using a participatory-action research approach underpinned by decolonising methodologies, staff from Atoifi Adventist Hospital and James Cook University (Queensland, Australia) collaboratively designed, implemented and evaluated a health research workshop. Basic health research principles and methods were presented using active learning methodologies. Following the workshop, Atoifi Adventist Hospital and Atoifi College of Nursing staff, other professionals and community members reported an increased awareness and understanding of health research. The formation of a local Research Committee, improved ethics review procedures and the identification of local research mentors followed the week long workshop. The workshop has acted as a catalyst for research activity, increasing structural and human resource capacity for local health professionals and community leaders to engage in research. Participants from a variety of educational backgrounds participated in, and received benefit from, a responsive, culturally and linguistically accessible health research workshop. Improving health research systems at a remote hospital and aligning these with local and national research agendas is establishing a base to strengthen public health research and practice on Malaita, Solomon Islands.

  17. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 22, Number 2, Issue 73

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    an industrialist and a business professor, with 20-plus years of experience in many facets of business from both a pragmatic perspective and real...two dilemmas to create a solution. Columbia Journal of World Business , 79(4), 63-67. DefenseARJApril2015, Vol.22No.3:216-839 235 A...Your Culture Encourage Innovation? CDR Craig Whittinghill, USN, David Berkowitz, and Phillip A. Farrington Online-only Article DoD Comprehensive

  18. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 21, Number 2, Issue 69

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    Competition, sponsored by our partner organization, the Defense Acquisition University Alumni Association (DAUAA) at http://www.dauaa.org. For 2014...initiation to satisfaction . Organizations Involved in Resolution of Urgent Needs The organizations examined in this article that support, develop...sef c c = > Where: ef = measure of effectiveness on interval (0, 1) os = level of satisfaction of the objective (rated on a scale of 0 to 1) oc = cost

  19. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 24, Number 1, Issue 80

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    87(3), 333–347. Henderson, R. (1994). Managing innovation in the information age. Harvard Business Review , 72(1), 100–107. Information Technology...VA: Author. Kaplan, R. S., & Norton, D. P. (1992). The Balanced Scorecard—Measures that drive performance. Harvard Business Review , 70(1), 71–79...Strategy Dr. J. Ronald Fox Harvard Business School Mr. David Gallop Defense Acquisition University Dr. Jacques Gansler University of Maryland RADM

  20. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 21, Number 3, Issue 70

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Studies of Science, 30(5), 737–757. Porter , M. E. (1980). Value chain analysis. London: Oxford Press Ltd. Porter , M. E. (2008). The five competitive...2007). Reinventing project management: The diamond approach to successful growth and innovation. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press. 736Defense...can be used in a CBA (e.g., to analyze threats, etc.). Generally criticized for its lack of depth and rigor. Porter’s 5 Forces Analysis ( Porter

  1. Establishing a national research center on day care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Tomas

    The paper presents and discusses the current formation of a national research center on ECEC. The center is currently being established. It is partly funded by the Danish union of early childhood and youth educators. It is based on cooperation between a number of Danish universities and this nati...... current new public management policies. However there is also more conflicting issues that emerge in this enterprise – especially on interests, practice relevance and knowledge paradigms....

  2. INVISTA Establishes Research Center in Mainland China Its First Textile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On July 25, 2012, INVISTA announced the opening of its first textile research center in Mainland China, demonstrating its continued commitment to developing high-value, innovative technologies and products. The $7.3 million, 3,000 sqm center is the company's first investment in textile research at such scale in Mainland, China, and the fourth facility of its kind to be established by INVlSTA anywhere in the world. The other three existing facilities are located in the United States, Italy and Taiwan.

  3. Cyber Security Research Frameworks For Coevolutionary Network Defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rush, George D. [Missouri Univ. of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO (United States); Tauritz, Daniel Remy [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-12-03

    Several architectures have been created for developing and testing systems used in network security, but most are meant to provide a platform for running cyber security experiments as opposed to automating experiment processes. In the first paper, we propose a framework termed Distributed Cyber Security Automation Framework for Experiments (DCAFE) that enables experiment automation and control in a distributed environment. Predictive analysis of adversaries is another thorny issue in cyber security. Game theory can be used to mathematically analyze adversary models, but its scalability limitations restrict its use. Computational game theory allows us to scale classical game theory to larger, more complex systems. In the second paper, we propose a framework termed Coevolutionary Agent-based Network Defense Lightweight Event System (CANDLES) that can coevolve attacker and defender agent strategies and capabilities and evaluate potential solutions with a custom network defense simulation. The third paper is a continuation of the CANDLES project in which we rewrote key parts of the framework. Attackers and defenders have been redesigned to evolve pure strategy, and a new network security simulation is devised which specifies network architecture and adds a temporal aspect. We also add a hill climber algorithm to evaluate the search space and justify the use of a coevolutionary algorithm.

  4. Research Network of Tehran Defined Population: Methodology and Establishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali-Asghar Kolahi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: We need a defined population for determining prevalence and incidence of diseases, as well as conducting interventional, cohort and longitudinal studies, calculating correct and timely public health indicators, assessing actual health needs of community, performing educational programs and interventions to promote healthy lifestyle, and enhancing quality of primary health services.The objective of this project was to determine a defined population which is representative of Tehran, the Capital of Iran. This article reports the methodology and establishment of the research network of Tehran defined population.Methods: This project started by selecting two urban health centers from each of the five district health centers affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in 2012. Inside each selected urban health center, one defined population research station was established. Two new centers have been added during 2013 and 2014. For the time being, the number of the covered population of the network has reached 40000 individuals. The most important criterion for the defined population has been to be representative of the population of Tehran. For this, we selected two urban health centers from 12 of 22 municipality districts and from each of the five different socioeconomic of Greater Tehran. Merely 80000 individuals in neighborhoods of each defined population research station were considered as control group of the project.Findings: Totally we selected 12 defined population research stations and their under-covered population developed a defined population which is representative of Tehran population.Conclusion: a population lab is ready now in metropolitan of Tehran.

  5. Research on the Propagation Models and Defense Techniques of Internet Worms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian-Yun Huang

    2008-01-01

    Internet worm is harmful to network security, and it has become a research hotspot in recent years. A thorough survey on the propagation models and defense techniques of Internet worm is made in this paper. We first give its strict definition and discuss the working mechanism. We then analyze and compare some repre sentative worm propagation models proposed in recent years, such as K-M model, two-factor model, worm-anti worm model (WAW), firewall-based model, quarantine based model and hybrid benign worm-based model, etc. Some typical defense techniques such as virtual honeypot, active worm prevention and agent-oriented worm defense, etc, are also discussed. The future direction of the worm defense system is pointed out.

  6. Overview of the Defense Programs Research and Technology Development Program for fiscal year 1993. Appendix II research laboratories and facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-30

    This document contains summaries of the research facilities that support the Defense Programs Research and Technology Development Program for FY 1993. The nine program elements are aggregated into three program clusters as follows: (1) Advanced materials sciences and technologies; chemistry and materials, explosives, special nuclear materials (SNM), and tritium. (2) Design sciences and advanced computation; physics, conceptual design and assessment, and computation and modeling. (3) Advanced manufacturing technologies and capabilities; system engineering science and technology, and electronics, photonics, sensors, and mechanical components. Section I gives a brief summary of 23 major defense program (DP) research and technology facilities and shows how these major facilities are organized by program elements. Section II gives a more detailed breakdown of the over 200 research and technology facilities being used at the Laboratories to support the Defense Programs mission.

  7. Research and application of ARP protocol vulnerability attack and defense technology based on trusted network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Huixing

    2017-03-01

    With the continuous development of network technology and the rapid spread of the Internet, computer networks have been around the world every corner. However, the network attacks frequently occur. The ARP protocol vulnerability is one of the most common vulnerabilities in the TCP / IP four-layer architecture. The network protocol vulnerabilities can lead to the intrusion and attack of the information system, and disable or disable the normal defense function of the system [1]. At present, ARP spoofing Trojans spread widely in the LAN, the network security to run a huge hidden danger, is the primary threat to LAN security. In this paper, the author summarizes the research status and the key technologies involved in ARP protocol, analyzes the formation mechanism of ARP protocol vulnerability, and analyzes the feasibility of the attack technique. Based on the summary of the common defensive methods, the advantages and disadvantages of each defense method. At the same time, the current defense method is improved, and the advantage of the improved defense algorithm is given. At the end of this paper, the appropriate test method is selected and the test environment is set up. Experiment and test are carried out for each proposed improved defense algorithm.

  8. In Defense of a Social Value Requirement for Clinical Research

    OpenAIRE

    Wendler, David; Rid, Annette

    2017-01-01

    Many guidelines and commentators endorse the view that clinical research is ethically acceptable only when it has social value, in the sense of collecting data which might be used to improve health. A version of this social value requirement is included in the Declaration of Helsinki and the Nuremberg Code, and is codified in many national research regulations. At the same time, there have been no systematic analyses of why social value is an ethical requirement for clinical research. Recogni...

  9. Collaborative Core Research Program for Chemical-Biological Warfare Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-04

    collaborators at the University of Cincinnati’s Metabolic Diseases Institute (UC-MDI) and the Battelle Memorial Institute’s Biomedical Research Center...at the University of Cincinnati’s Metabolic Diseases Institute (UC-MDI) and the Battelle Memorial Institute’s Biomedical Research Center (BBRC) is...Research Center (UC-DDRC, part of UC-MDI). Using an EvoTec robot, single point (10 μM final solution test chemical concentration) 2 measurements

  10. Dr. John H. Hopps Jr. Defense Research Scholars Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-16

    Aparecio Peggins (Psychology) Past Research Experience • Attachment Styles in Romantic Relationships, University of New Hampshire (Summer 2011...Psychology Neurobiology of Circadian Entrainment Aparecio Peggins Duane Cooper Professor and Chair of Mathematics Mathematics student and

  11. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 22, Number 1, Issue 72.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    its greatest impact in Plants C and D. In our research, we came to describe this arrangement as a free- market approach to fostering standardization...Validation tailored to multilevel or mixed mod- els (Ryan et al., 2013). It results in the aggregation of 70 separate analyses (one for each program...research interests include classification and detection methods, diagnos- tic testing, information fusion, and multilevel modeling. Dr. Schubert Kabban

  12. In Defense of a Social Value Requirement for Clinical Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendler, David; Rid, Annette

    2017-02-01

    Many guidelines and commentators endorse the view that clinical research is ethically acceptable only when it has social value, in the sense of collecting data which might be used to improve health. A version of this social value requirement is included in the Declaration of Helsinki and the Nuremberg Code, and is codified in many national research regulations. At the same time, there have been no systematic analyses of why social value is an ethical requirement for clinical research. Recognizing this gap in the literature, recent articles by Alan Wertheimer and David Resnik argue that the extant justifications for the social value requirement are unpersuasive. Both authors conclude, contrary to almost all current guidelines and regulations, that it can be acceptable across a broad range of cases to conduct clinical research which is known prospectively to have no social value. The present article assesses this conclusion by critically evaluating the ethical and policy considerations relevant to the claim that clinical research must have social value. This analysis supports the standard view that social value is an ethical requirement for the vast majority of clinical research studies and should be mandated by applicable guidelines and policies.

  13. Guidance for the implementation of Market Research fundamentals at a Department of Defense Field Contracting Activity

    OpenAIRE

    McCormack, James Andrew

    1997-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited As a Federally mandated requirement, Market Research within the Federal Acquisition arena has made little progress since its inception well over a decade ago. It is the researcher's belief that the slow progress realized in the area of Market Research is in par due to Department of Defense Field Contracting Activities not really understanding how to incorporate the process into their existing routine and what skills are required of the...

  14. 75 FR 18034 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Research and Development Contract Type...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    ... Regulation Supplement; Research and Development Contract Type Determination (DFARS Case 2006-D053) AGENCY... a major defense acquisition program (MDAP) to select the contract type for a development program... requires DoD to modify regulations regarding the determination of contract type for development programs...

  15. Establishing a research and demonstration area initiated by managers: the Sharkey Restoration Research and Demonstration Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    E. Gardiner; J. Stanturf; T. Leininger; P. Hamel; L. Jr. Dorris; J. Portwood; J. Shepard

    2008-01-01

    As forest scientists increase their role in the process of science delivery, many research organizations are searching for novel methods to effectively build collaboration with managers to produce valued results. This article documents our experience with establishment of a forest restoration research and demonstration area in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley (...

  16. Microfiche/Telex Oriented Document Services Center Established in Sylvania Library Through Cooperative Test Program with Defense Documentation Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Dean K.

    In a cooperative program with Defense Documentation Center Headquarters, Sylvania arranged for procurement of 70,000 unclassified-unlimited documents without DDC Form I cards and 30,000 unclassified-limited and classified documents with Form I's. This was done in order to overcome effects of an in-house documents inventory/selective destruction…

  17. Ticks and tick-borne pathogens at the cutaneous interface: host defenses, tick countermeasures, and a suitable environment for pathogen establishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen eWikel

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Ticks are unique among hematophagous arthropods by continuous attachment to host skin and blood feeding for days; complexity and diversity of biologically active molecules differentially expressed in saliva of tick species; their ability to modulate the host defenses of pain and itch, hemostasis, inflammation, innate and adaptive immunity, and wound healing; and, the diverse array of infectious agents they transmit. All of these interactions occur at the cutaneous interface in a complex sequence of carefully choreographed host defense responses and tick countermeasures resulting in an environment that facilitates successful blood feeding and establishment of tick-borne infectious agents within the host. Here, we examine diverse patterns of tick attachment to host skin, blood feeding mechanisms, salivary gland transcriptomes, bioactive molecules in tick saliva, timing of pathogen transmission, and host responses to tick bite. Ticks engage and modulate cutaneous and systemic immune defenses involving keratinocytes, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, T cell subpopulations (Th1, Th2, Th17, Treg , B cells, neutrophils, mast cells, basophils, endothelial cells, cytokines, chemokines, complement, and extracellular matrix. A framework is proposed that integrates tick induced changes of skin immune effectors with their ability to respond to tick-borne pathogens. Implications of these changes are addressed. What are the consequences of tick modulation of host cutaneous defenses? Does diversity of salivary gland transcriptomes determine differential modulation of host inflammation and immune defenses and therefore, in part, the clades of pathogens effectively transmitted by different tick species? Do ticks create an immunologically modified cutaneous environment that enhances specific pathogen establishment? Can tick saliva molecules be used to develop vaccines that block pathogen transmission?

  18. The journey to Magnet: establishing a research infrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele-Moses, Susan K

    2010-04-01

    Developing and sustaining a research infrastructure that meets Magnet program requirements are daunting responsibilities. Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center in Louisiana created the program director of nursing research position to coordinate the research council and ongoing projects. This article discusses the process of developing and improving a nursing research program.

  19. Establishing a Research Agenda for Art Therapy: A Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Donna; Deaver, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Art therapy in the United States is a young profession that would benefit from an identified research agenda to marshal resources more effectively to address gaps in the knowledge base. This article describes a Delphi study of U.S. art therapy researchers who were surveyed on research priorities for the profession. The research panelists were…

  20. Establishing a Research Agenda for Art Therapy: A Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Donna; Deaver, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Art therapy in the United States is a young profession that would benefit from an identified research agenda to marshal resources more effectively to address gaps in the knowledge base. This article describes a Delphi study of U.S. art therapy researchers who were surveyed on research priorities for the profession. The research panelists were…

  1. Current knowledge and future research perspectives on cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) chemical defenses: An agroecological view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto-Zevallos, Delia M; Pareja, Martín; Ambrogi, Bianca G

    2016-10-01

    Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is one of the most important staple crops worldwide. It constitutes the major source of carbohydrates for millions of low-income people living in rural areas, as well as a cash crop for smallholders in tropical and sub-tropical regions. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations predicts that cassava plantations will increase and production systems will intensify in the future, highlighting the need for developing strategies that improve the sustainability of production. Plant chemical defenses hold the potential for developing pest management strategies, as these plant traits can influence the behavior and performance of both pests and beneficial arthropods. Cassava plants are well-defended and produce a number of compounds involved in direct defense, such as cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoid glycosides, and hydroxycoumarins. In addition, volatile organic compounds induced upon herbivory and the secretion of extrafloral nectar act as indirect defense against herbivores by recruiting natural enemies. Here, cassava chemical defenses against pest arthropods are reviewed, with the aim of identifying gaps in our knowledge and areas of research that deserve further investigation for developing sound pest control strategies to improve sustainable production of this crop, and how these defenses can be used to benefit other crops. Cyanogenic content in cassava is also highly toxic to humans, and can cause irreversible health problems even at sub-lethal doses when consumed over prolonged periods. Therefore, the promotion of chemical defense in this crop should not aggravate these problems, and must be accompanied with the education on processing methods that reduce human exposure to cyanide.

  2. Research and establishment of enterprise quality metadata standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jie LI; Genbao ZHANG; Han SONG

    2008-01-01

    Enabling quality managers to utilize and manage quality data efficiently under modern quality management circumstances is a primary issue for improving enterprise quality management. A concept of quality metadata is proposed in this paper, which can help quality managers gain a deeper understanding of various features of quality data and establish a more stable foundation for further use and management of such data. The procedure of establishing quality meta-data standards is emphasized in the paper, and the content structure and description scheme are given. Finally, a summary is made and future work is prospected.

  3. Defense, basic, and industrial research at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Longshore, A.; Salgado, K. [comps.

    1995-10-01

    The Workshop on Defense, Basic, and Industrial Research at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center gathered scientists from Department of Energy national laboratories, other federal institutions, universities, and industry to discuss the use of neutrons in science-based stockpile stewardship, The workshop began with presentations by government officials, senior representatives from the three weapons laboratories, and scientific opinion leaders. Workshop participants then met in breakout sessions on the following topics: materials science and engineering; polymers, complex fluids, and biomaterials; fundamental neutron physics; applied nuclear physics; condensed matter physics and chemistry; and nuclear weapons research. They concluded that neutrons can play an essential role in science-based stockpile stewardship and that there is overlap and synergy between defense and other uses of neutrons in basic, applied, and industrial research from which defense and civilian research can benefit. This proceedings is a collection of talks and papers from the plenary, technical, and breakout session presentations. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  4. 77 FR 19019 - Announcement Notice; Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    ... prototyping, long term acquisition planning and requirements development, organizational planning and... Services [CMS-7031-N] Announcement Notice; Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development... announces our intention to establish a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC) to...

  5. Defense Biometric and Forensic Office Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-06

    for the DBFO investment strategy and ensures that projects the office funds trace back to the DoD’s science and technology (S&T) principles and...Power 3. 0, the DoD Research and Engineering Enterprise and the Reliance 21 operating principles . It also ensures that the DBFO’s approach links...view of biometric and forensic RDT &E investments across the Department of Defense. I look forward to advancing our common efforts to achieve the

  6. Establishing a research agenda for Foundation Phasei initial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-08-19

    Aug 19, 2016 ... between researching classrooms and researching initial teacher education, especially as it relates to the foundation phase, ... initially being the only university open to 'black'iii students (Kerr, 1968). .... Trends in International Maths and Science Study .... approaches to diversity in schools and a description.

  7. Establishing community advisory boards for clinical trial research in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    trial research in Malawi: engendering ethical conduct in research. Abstract ... participants; minimise risk and balance benefit; and fairly ... on the Harmonisation of Good Clinical Practice (ICHGCP) to faculty ... of, and acceptable to the community'10. They can ..... any study-related questions and concerns community members ...

  8. Establishment of Research Infrastructure for National Advanced Radiation Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuk, Il Hiun; Byun, Myung Woo; Jeong, Il Yun; and others

    2007-07-15

    Construction of fundamental analysis system for RT/RFT advancement and pilot scale laboratory/facility for industry support and Assembly/installation of 30 MeV cyclotron for RI production and research utilizing positron beam, and construction of /distribution system for industrial and medical purpose were carried out for fast settlement for research environment of ARTI (a Jeongeup branch of KAERI)

  9. Verification Strategies for Establishing Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    The rejection of reliability and validity in qualitative inquiry in the 1980s has resulted in an interesting shift for “ensuring rigor” from the investigator's actions during the course of the research, to the reader or consumer of qualitative inquiry. The emphasis on strategies that are implemented during the research process has been replaced by strategies for evaluating trustworthiness and utility that are implemented once a study is completed. In this article, we argue that reliability an...

  10. A Jasmonate-Inducible Defense Trait Transferred from Wild into Cultivated Tomato Establishes Increased Whitefly Resistance and Reduced Viral Disease Incidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escobar-Bravo, Rocío; Alba, Juan M; Pons, Clara; Granell, Antonio; Kant, Merijn R; Moriones, Enrique; Fernández-Muñoz, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    Whiteflies damage tomatoes mostly via the viruses they transmit. Cultivated tomatoes lack many of the resistances of their wild relatives. In order to increase protection to its major pest, the whitefly Bemisia tabaci and its transmitted Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV), we introgressed a trichome-based resistance trait from the wild tomato Solanum pimpinellifolium into cultivated tomato, Solanum lycopersicum. The tomato backcross line BC5S2 contains acylsucrose-producing type-IV trichomes, unlike cultivated tomatoes, and exhibits increased, yet limited protection to whiteflies at early development stages. Treatment of young plants with methyl jasmonate (MeJA) resulted in a 60% increase in type-IV trichome density, acylsucrose production, and enhanced resistance to whiteflies, leading to 50% decrease in the virus disease incidence compared to cultivated tomato. Using transcriptomics, metabolite analysis, and insect bioassays we established the basis of this inducible resistance. We found that MeJA activated the expression of the genes involved in the biosynthesis of the defensive acylsugars in young BC5S2 plants leading to enhanced chemical defenses in their acquired type-IV trichomes. Our results show that not only constitutive but also these inducible defenses can be transferred from wild into cultivated crops to aid sustainable protection, suggesting that conventional breeding strategies provide a feasible alternative to increase pest resistance in tomato.

  11. A jasmonate-inducible defense trait transferred from wild into cultivated tomato establishes increased whitefly resistance and reduced viral disease incidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Escobar-Bravo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Whiteflies damage tomatoes mostly via the viruses they transmit. Cultivated tomatoes lack many of the resistances of their wild relatives. In order to increase protection to its major pest, the whitefly Bemisia tabaci and its transmitted Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV, we introgressed a trichome-based resistance trait from the wild tomato Solanum pimpinellifolium into cultivated tomato, S. lycopersicum. The tomato backcross line BC5S2 contains acylsucrose-producing type-IV trichomes, unlike cultivated tomatoes, and exhibits increased, yet limited protection to whiteflies at early development stages. Treatment of young plants with methyl jasmonate (MeJA resulted in a 60% increase in type-IV trichome density, acylsucrose production, and enhanced resistance to whiteflies, leading to 50% decrease in the virus disease incidence compared to cultivated tomato. Using transcriptomics, metabolite analysis and insect bioassays we established the basis of this inducible resistance. We found that MeJA activated the expression of the genes involved in the biosynthesis of the defensive acylsugars in young BC5S2 plants leading to enhanced chemical defenses in their acquired type-IV trichomes. Our results show that not only constitutive but also these inducible defenses can be transferred from wild into cultivated crops to aid sustainable protection, suggesting that conventional breeding strategies provide a feasible alternative to increase pest resistance in tomato.

  12. A Jasmonate-Inducible Defense Trait Transferred from Wild into Cultivated Tomato Establishes Increased Whitefly Resistance and Reduced Viral Disease Incidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escobar-Bravo, Rocío; Alba, Juan M.; Pons, Clara; Granell, Antonio; Kant, Merijn R.; Moriones, Enrique; Fernández-Muñoz, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    Whiteflies damage tomatoes mostly via the viruses they transmit. Cultivated tomatoes lack many of the resistances of their wild relatives. In order to increase protection to its major pest, the whitefly Bemisia tabaci and its transmitted Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV), we introgressed a trichome-based resistance trait from the wild tomato Solanum pimpinellifolium into cultivated tomato, Solanum lycopersicum. The tomato backcross line BC5S2 contains acylsucrose-producing type-IV trichomes, unlike cultivated tomatoes, and exhibits increased, yet limited protection to whiteflies at early development stages. Treatment of young plants with methyl jasmonate (MeJA) resulted in a 60% increase in type-IV trichome density, acylsucrose production, and enhanced resistance to whiteflies, leading to 50% decrease in the virus disease incidence compared to cultivated tomato. Using transcriptomics, metabolite analysis, and insect bioassays we established the basis of this inducible resistance. We found that MeJA activated the expression of the genes involved in the biosynthesis of the defensive acylsugars in young BC5S2 plants leading to enhanced chemical defenses in their acquired type-IV trichomes. Our results show that not only constitutive but also these inducible defenses can be transferred from wild into cultivated crops to aid sustainable protection, suggesting that conventional breeding strategies provide a feasible alternative to increase pest resistance in tomato. PMID:27920785

  13. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment from April 1, 2001 to March 31, 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ando, Toshiro; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Moriyama, Shinichi; Tanaka, Fumiya; Tuda, Takashi; Tsuji, Hiroshi (eds.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    2002-11-01

    This report provides an overview of research and development activities at Naka Fusion Research Establishment, JAERI, including those performed in collaboration with other research establishments of JAERI, during the period from April 1, 2001 to March 31, 2002. The activities in the Naka Fusion Research Establishment are highlighted by high performance plasma researches in JT-60 and JFT-2M, and completion of ITER Engineering Design Activities (EDA) in July 2001, including technology R and D. (J.P.N.)

  14. The DREP (Defense Research Establishment Pacific) Internal Wave Normal Mode Model-Theoretical Background

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    1967. 15. Philip M. Morse and Herman Feshbach, "Methods of Theoretical Physics", MCGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1953. 16. William E. Boyce and...Richard C. DiPrima , "Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems", John Wiley & Sons,Inc., New York, 1969. 17. Allan D. Pierce

  15. The Royal Aircraft Establishment - 100 Years of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-02

    OF RESIARCH.(U) OCT 61 A J SMITH UNCLASSIFIED RAE-TN-FS-432 DRIC-BR-80894 NLslomommmmoimco IE-E,,.IuENE 1111U1IIIjj -. ’ jI2 MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TESI ...Aircraft Estpblishment - 100 years of research 7a. (For Translations ) .Title in Foreign Language 7b. (For Conference Papers) Title, Place and Date of

  16. Verification Strategies for Establishing Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janice M. Morse

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The rejection of reliability and validity in qualitative inquiry in the 1980s has resulted in an interesting shift for “ensuring rigor” from the investigator's actions during the course of the research, to the reader or consumer of qualitative inquiry. The emphasis on strategies that are implemented during the research process has been replaced by strategies for evaluating trustworthiness and utility that are implemented once a study is completed. In this article, we argue that reliability and validity remain appropriate concepts for attaining rigor in qualitative research. We argue that qualitative researchers should reclaim responsibility for reliability and validity by implementing verification strategies integral and self-correcting during the conduct of inquiry itself. This ensures the attainment of rigor using strategies inherent within each qualitative design, and moves the responsibility for incorporating and maintaining reliability and validity from external reviewers' judgements to the investigators themselves. Finally, we make a plea for a return to terminology for ensuring rigor that is used by mainstream science.

  17. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment. From April 1, 1995 to March 31, 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimada, Michiya; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Moriyama, Shinichi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Seki, Masahiro; Takahashi, Ichiro [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment] [eds.

    1996-11-01

    This report provides an overview of research and development activities at Naka Fusion Research Establishment, JAERI, during the period from April 1, 1995 to March 31, 1996. The activities in Naka Fusion Research Establishment are highlighted by high-temperature plasma research in JT-60U and JFT-2M, and progress in ITER-EDA, including technology development. (author)

  18. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment from April 1, 1997 to March 31, 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    This report provides an overview of research and development activities at Naka Fusion Research Establishment, JAERI, during the period from April 1, 1997 to March 31, 1998. The activities in Naka Fusion Research Establishment are highlighted by high temperature plasma research in JT-60 and JFT-2M, and progress in ITER-EDA, including technology development. (J.P.N.)

  19. The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory - An Isolated Nuclear Research Establishment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradbury, Norris E. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Meade, Roger Allen [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-09-23

    Early in his twenty-five year career as the Director of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Norris Bradbury wrote at length about the atomic bomb and the many implications the bomb might have on the world. His themes were both technical and philosophical. In 1963, after nearly twenty years of leading the nation’s first nuclear weapons laboratory, Bradbury took the opportunity to broaden his writing. In a paper delivered to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s symposium on the “Criteria in the Selection of Sites for the Construction of Reactors and Nuclear Research Centers,” Bradbury took the opportunity to talk about the business of nuclear research and the human component of operating a scientific laboratory. This report is the transcript of his talk.

  20. Data Without Meaning: Establishing the Significant Properties of Digital Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gareth Knight

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 It is well recognised that the period of time in which digital research may remain accessible is likely to be short in comparison to the period in which it will continue to hold intellectual value. Although many digital preservation strategies are effective for simple resources, it is not always possible to confirm that all of the significant properties - the characteristics that contribute to the intended meaning - have been maintained when stored in different formats and software environments. The paper outlines methodologies being developed by InterPARES, PLANETS and other projects in the international research community to support the decision-making process and highlights the work of four recent JISC-funded studies to specify the significant properties of vector images, moving images, software and learning objects.

  1. The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory - An Isolated Nuclear Research Establishment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradbury, Norris E. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Meade, Roger Allen [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-09-23

    Early in his twenty-five year career as the Director of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Norris Bradbury wrote at length about the atomic bomb and the many implications the bomb might have on the world. His themes were both technical and philosophical. In 1963, after nearly twenty years of leading the nation’s first nuclear weapons laboratory, Bradbury took the opportunity to broaden his writing. In a paper delivered to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s symposium on the “Criteria in the Selection of Sites for the Construction of Reactors and Nuclear Research Centers,” Bradbury took the opportunity to talk about the business of nuclear research and the human component of operating a scientific laboratory. Below is the transcript of his talk.

  2. Narrowing the zone of uncertainty between research and development in biological warfare defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huxsoll, D L

    1992-12-31

    Although "research" is not prohibited by the Biological Weapons Convention, States Parties to the Convention have maintained the spirit of the Convention in actions relating to research. The confidence-building measures agreed to at RC2 refer to research facilities, publication of research results, and promotion of contacts between scientists engaged in research related to the Convention. However, assessment of basic research on biological agents is not a productive way to distinguish an offensive from a defensive program. Additionally, if a country were to initiate a biological weapons program, basic research on biological agents may not be necessary. For example, the extensive published research on Bacillus anthracis, both as a cause of anthrax in cattle and other species and as a biological-warfare agent, would enable any motivated group or nation to initiate a biological weapons program that could immediately advance to the development and scale-up stages. Research on biological agents for offensive purposes would be characterized by activities such as selection for growth, virulence, and toxin production; improving stability under varying environmental conditions; and selection of strains that might overcome existing means of prophylaxis and treatment. A biological program with an offensive intent would in most cases be characterized by evidence of development efforts in mass production and dissemination, which are often agent-specific. Thus, an assessment of development may distinguish offensive from defensive programs. If a country were to initiate a biological weapons research program, and were willing to risk worldwide condemnation should existence of such a program become known, it is likely that such a program would include development and production capabilities. If a country were not committed to production capability, there would be no rationale for an offensive biological research that would bring worldwide condemnation. Critics of the U

  3. Knowledge translation research in population health: establishing a collaborative research agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurendeau Marie-Claire

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the increasing mobilization of researchers and funding organizations around knowledge translation (KT in Canada and elsewhere, many questions have been only partially answered, particularly in the field of population health. This article presents the results of a systematic process to draw out possible avenues of collaboration for researchers, practitioners and decision-makers who work in the area of KT. The main objective was to establish a research agenda on knowledge translation in population health. Methods Using the Concept Mapping approach, the research team wanted to identify priority themes for the development of research on KT in population health. Mapping is based on multivariate statistical analyses (multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis in which statements produced during a brainstorming session are grouped in weighted clusters. The final maps are a visual representation of the priority themes of research on KT. Especially designed for facilitating consensus in the understanding and organization of various concepts, the Concept Mapping method proved suitable for achieving this objective. Results The maps were produced by 19 participants from university settings, and from institutions within the health and social services network. Three main perspectives emerge from this operation: (1 The evaluation of the effectiveness of KT efforts is one of the main research priorities; (2 The importance of taking into consideration user contexts in any KT effort; (3 The challenges related to sharing power for decision-making and action-taking among various stakeholder groups. These perspectives open up avenues of collaboration for stakeholders who are involved in research on KT. Besides these three main perspectives, the concept maps reveal three other trends which should be emphasized. Conclusion The Concept Mapping process reported in this article aimed to provoke collective reflection on the

  4. Establishing a National Center for Research To Systematize the Study of Service Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furco, Andrew

    2000-01-01

    Explores the rationale for establishing a national center for research on service learning, outlining various current issues and challenges in conducting service learning research and describing how the establishment of a national center can raise the standards and visibility of service learning research. Offers several suggestions about how the…

  5. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Volume 4. Defense Agency Projects, Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards from FY 1989 SBIR Solicitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-01

    LABORATORY UNDER THE CODE NAME " DELPHI ", FOR THE OFFICE OF STRATEGIC DEFENSE; AND BETATRON RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY BOTH U.S. AND SOVIET SOURCES SUPPORTS THE...TITLE: HYPERGOLIC FUEL INJECTOR FEATURES INCREASED UTILITY FOR REMOTELY PILOTED VEHICLES (RPVs) INCREASED RANGE ENDURANCE PAYLOAD MULTI.. TOPIC# 20...OFFICE: PM/SBIR IDENT#: 33860 A HYPERGOLIC FUEL INJECTOR IS DESCRIBED THAT ENABLES MULTIFUEL OPERATION, LOWER FUEL CONSUMPTION, AND ENHANCED ALL WEATHER

  6. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment from April 1, 1998 to March 31, 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-01

    This report provides an overview of research and development activities at the Naka Fusion Research Establishment, JAERI, during the period from April 1, 1998 to March 31, 1999. The activities in the Naka Fusion Research Establishment are highlighted by high temperature plasma research in JT-60 and JFT-2M as well as DIII-D (US-Japan collaboration), and progress in ITER EDA, including ITER technology R and D. (J.P.N.)

  7. Symposium by NATO Defense Research Group Panel VIII on Computer-Based Instruction in Military Environments

    CERN Document Server

    Weddle, Peter

    1987-01-01

    This collection of papers is the result of a symposium sponsored by NATO's Defense Research Group Panel VIII in the Spring of 1985. The symposium came into being when it became obvious to the NATO countries that research, development and utilization of advanced technologies for training was the best means of increasing both training effectiveness and efficiency. This symposium was the second in a series of three devoted to training. The series was structured to cover all aspects of training. The first series addressed the value of training, the second one dealt with the application of training technologies and the third and last of the series focused on academic issues concerned with the effect of prior learning on subsequent learning. The fact that a major American publisher has determined that computer based instruction is the technology of greatest interest to the NATO community is not surprising. Advances in microprocessor technology have revolutionized both how and where we train. During this symposium t...

  8. Annual report of Kansai Research Establishment 2001. April 1, 2001 - March 31, 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tajima, Toshiki; Harami, Taikan; Kawanishi, Shun-ichi (eds.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Kansai Research Establishment, Kizu, Kyoto (JP)] [and others

    2003-02-01

    This report is the third issue of the annual report of Kansai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. It covers status reports of R and D and results of experiments conducted at the Advanced Photon Research Center and the Synchrotron Radiation Research Center during the period from April 1, 2001 to March 31, 2002. (author)

  9. Annual report of Kansai Research Establishment 2000. April 1, 2000 - March 31, 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harami, Taikan; Hamaya, Nozomu; Mizuki, Jun-ichiro (eds.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Kizu, Kyoto (Japan). Kansai Research Establishment] [and others

    2002-02-01

    This report is the second issue of the annual report of Kansai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. It covers status reports of R and D and results of experiments conducted at the Advanced Photon Research Center and the Synchrotron Radiation Research Center during the period from April 1, 2000 to March 31, 2001. (author)

  10. Annual report of Kansai Research Establishment 1999. October 1, 1995 - March 31, 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arisawa, Takashi; Shimomura, Osamu; Nagashima, Akira [eds.] [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Kansai Research Establishment, Kizu, Kyoto (JP)] [and others

    2001-03-01

    This report is the first issue of the annual report of Kansai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. It covers status reports of R and D and results of experiments conducted at the Advanced Photon Research Center and the Synchrotron Radiation Research Center during the period from October 1, 1995 to March 31, 2000. (author)

  11. Establishing a Student Research and Publishing Program in High School Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eales, Jonathan; Laksana, Sangob

    2016-01-01

    Student learning in science is improved by authentic personal experience of research projects and the publication of findings. Graduate students do this, but it is uncommon to find student research and publishing in high school science programs. We describe here the Student Research and Publishing Program (SRPP) established at International School…

  12. Establishing a framework to implement 4D XCAT Phantom for 4D radiotherapy research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raj K Panta

    2012-01-01

    Conclusions: An integrated computer program has been developed to generate, review, analyse, process, and export the 4D XCAT images. A framework has been established to implement the 4D XCAT phantom for 4D RT research.

  13. How Do Writers Establish Research Niches? A Genre-Based Investigation into Management Researchers' Rhetorical Steps and Linguistic Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Jason Miin-Hwa

    2012-01-01

    "Establishing a niche" often constitutes a crucial rhetorical move in research proposals and journal papers in various academic disciplines. Research proposals and reports submitted by novice writers may at times be rejected on grounds of their inability to demonstrate a need to carry out research in a suggested area. This genre-based…

  14. Potential Collaborative Research topics with Korea’s Agency for Defense Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farrar, Charles R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Todd, Michael D. [Univ. of California, San Diego

    2012-08-23

    This presentation provides a high level summary of current research activities at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)-University of California Jacobs School of Engineering (UCSD) Engineering Institute that will be presented at Korea's Agency for Defense Development (ADD). These research activities are at the basic engineering science level with different level of maturity ranging from initial concepts to field proof-of-concept demonstrations. We believe that all of these activities are appropriate for collaborative research activities with ADD subject to approval by each institution. All the activities summarized herein have the common theme that they are multi-disciplinary in nature and typically involved the integration of high-fidelity predictive modeling, advanced sensing technologies and new development in information technology. These activities include: Wireless Sensor Systems, Swarming Robot sensor systems, Advanced signal processing (compressed sensing) and pattern recognition, Model Verification and Validation, Optimal/robust sensor system design, Haptic systems for large-scale data processing, Cyber-physical security for robots, Multi-source energy harvesting, Reliability-based approaches to damage prognosis, SHMTools software development, and Cyber-physical systems advanced study institute.

  15. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Volume 4. Defense Agencies Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    MORIN STREET, BIDDEFORD INDUSTRIAL PARK Office: DSO BIDDEFORD, ME 04005 Contract #: Phone: (207) 282-5911 PI: PAUL CHAYKA Title: Creep Resistant Yttrium...MOLECULAR PROBES, INC. Topic#: 92-129 ID#: 9211146 4849 PITCHFORD AVENUE Office: UWO EUGENE, OR 97402 Contract #: DAAH0192CR224 Phone: (503) 344...513) 436-4454 PI: PAUL ZIDEK Title: Positive Combat Identification Abstract: Spectra Research, Inc. proposes to research and synthesize advanced

  16. Establishing Research Universities in Ukrainian Higher Education: The Incomplete Journey of a Structural Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hladchenko, Myroslava; de Boer, Harry F.; Westerheijden, Don F.

    2016-01-01

    The idea of the research university as a key institution for social and economic development in knowledge-intensive societies has been adopted by the Ukrainian government after the fall of the communist regime. Establishing research universities is a long journey during which many things might happen. To understand this journey better in the case…

  17. Establishing Research Universities in Ukrainian Higher Education: The Incomplete Journey of a Structural Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hladchenko, Myroslava; de Boer, Harry F.; Westerheijden, Don F.

    2016-01-01

    The idea of the research university as a key institution for social and economic development in knowledge-intensive societies has been adopted by the Ukrainian government after the fall of the communist regime. Establishing research universities is a long journey during which many things might happen. To understand this journey better in the case…

  18. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Volume 4. Defense Agencies Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    CHANNEL) . THE -0 SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH ( SBR ) PROGRAM - PHASE I PAGE 628 0 BY SERVICE FISCAL YEAR 1987 DNA SJBMTTFD BY NATURE OF THE...OXYGEN CONTAMINATION. THEIR HIGH PYROLYSIS TEMPERATURES CAUSE PROBLEMS SUCH AS INABILITY TO CONTROL THE AS/P RATIO IN ALLOYS CONTAINING BOTH ELEMENTS...LUBRICITY. GRAPHITE FIBER GROWN FROM PYROLYSIS OF HYDROCARBON GAS, WHICH IS THEN PROCESSED TO YIELD USEFUL VALUES FOR ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY, IS A MATERIAL

  19. 我国企业反竞争情报研究综述%An Overview of Defensive Competitive Intelligence Research in Enterprises in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈维军; 廖志宏

    2003-01-01

    In recent years, remarkable achievements have been made in the research on competitive intelligence.Meanwhile, defensive competitive intelligence is also becoming a hot subject in competitive intelligence re-search.This paper studies the articles on defensive competitive intelligence published in China since 1994, and points out the problems to be solved in current research.

  20. Promising and Established Investigators' Experiences Participating in the National Athletic Trainers' Association Foundation Research Mentor Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nottingham, Sara L; Mazerolle, Stephanie M; Barrett, Jessica L

    2017-04-01

      Mentorship is a helpful resource for individuals who transition from doctoral student to tenure-track faculty member. The National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) Research & Education Foundation offers a Research Mentor Program to provide mentorship to promising investigators, particularly as they work to establish independent lines of research.   To gain the perspectives of promising and established investigators on their participation in the NATA Foundation Research Mentor Program.   Qualitative, phenomenological research.   Higher education institutions.   Seven promising investigators (5 women, 2 men) and 7 established investigators (2 women, 5 men), all of whom had completed the NATA Foundation Research Mentor Program. Data Collection and Analysis We developed and piloted intervi: ew guides designed to gain participants' perspectives on their experiences participating in the NATA Foundation Research Mentor Program. Semistructured telephone interviews were completed with each individual and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed using a phenomenological approach, and saturation was obtained. Trustworthiness was established with the use of member checking, multiple-analyst triangulation, and data-source triangulation.   Three themes emerged from the interviews: (1) motivation, (2) collaboration, and (3) resources. Participants were motivated to become involved because they saw the value of mentorship, and mentees desired guidance in their research. Participants believed that collaboration on a project contributed to a positive relationship, and they also desired additional program and professional resources to support novice faculty.   Promising and established investigators should be encouraged to engage in mentoring relationships to facilitate mentees' research agendas and professional development. The NATA Foundation and athletic training profession may consider providing additional resources for novice faculty, such as training on

  1. Defense Industry Clusters in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Alpaslan Demir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available All countries strive for a capable national defense supported by a strong national defense industry. Supporting national defense with imported defense systems has many limitations and risks because the terms of arms trade agreements between countries may easily be influenced by the political climate of the signatories. As a result, establishing an independent national defense requires a strong national defense industry. Furthermore, exporting defense systems may be an important source of national income. National defense industries mostly consist of large-scale defense firms that have the resources required for big defense contracts. However, small to medium enterprises (SMEs do not have the necessary resources, therefore they are at a disadvantage. To overcome this handicap and be part of the business, defense industry clusters mostly consisting of SMEs are being established. Provided that there is good national planning and support in this area, defense clusters consisting of SMEs may play a significant role in industry. SMEs have a chance to offer specialized services, special or customized products when needed. As a result, large defense firms subcontract certain portions of defense projects to SMEs. Since 2010, Turkey has shown signs of continuous improvement in defense industry clustering. In parallel with these developments, this study discusses the importance of clustering in the defense industry, briefly presents the state of the Turkish defense industry as highlighted by national statistics, and presents the current status of defense clusters in Turkey. The novelty of this article consists in its assessment of Turkish defense clusters.

  2. Challenges and Opportunities for Establishing Design as a Research Discipline in Civil and Environmental Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, Mary Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    faculty, research and education communities, conferences, and journals. However, design remains an emerging sub-discipline in civil and environmental engineering – practiced, valued, and taught but not subject to rigorous academic research. This paper presents some of the challenges associated...... with the establishment of design as a research discipline within civil and environmental engineering, some of the benefits and opportunities that will come from that establishment, and some evidence for the fact that this process has already begun.......There are a number of fields including architecture, industrial design, and urban planning and design, where design is the discipline upon which all research and teaching activities are based. In other fields such as aerospace and mechanical engineering, design is a sub-discipline with its own...

  3. Recognizing plant defense priming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez-Medina, A.; Flors, V.; Heil, M.; Mauch-Mani, B.; Pieterse, C.M.J.; Pozo, M.J.; Ton, J.; Van Dam, N.M.; Conrath, U.

    2016-01-01

    Defense priming conditions diverse plant species for the superinduction of defense, often resulting in enhanced pest and disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance. Here, we propose a guideline that might assist the plant research community in a consistent assessment of defense priming in plant

  4. Establishment of research-oriented hospital: an important way for translational medicine development in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MEINA LI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Globally, one of the major trends is the development of translational medicine. The traditional hospital structure could not meet the demands of translational medicine development any longer and to explore a novel hospital structure is imperative. Following the times, China proposed and implemented a development strategy for a first-class modern research-oriented hospital. To establish a research-oriented hospital has become an important strategy to guide the scientific development of high-quality medical institutions and to advance translational medicine development. To facilitate translational medicine by developing research-oriented hospital, the Chinese Research Hospital Association (CRHA has been established, which provides service of medicine, talents cultivation, scientific research and clinical teaching and covers areas of theoretical research, academic exchange, translational medicine, talents training and practice guiding. On the whole, research-oriented hospital facilitated translational medicine by developing interdisciplinary platform, training core competencies in clinical and translational research, providing financial support of translational research, and hosting journals on translational medicine, etc.

  5. A bibliometric based review on social entrepreneurship and its establishment as a field of research

    OpenAIRE

    Sassmannshausen, Sean Patrick; Volkmann, Christine

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides an overview on the state of art of research on social entrepreneurship and the establishment of this topic in the academic world. It uses scientometric methods, especially bibliometrics, in measuring the maturity of social entrepreneurship research. The empirical part reveals the increasing number of literature, the institutionalization of social entrepreneurship in seven dimensions, the emergence of thematic clusters, and methodological issue. The paper makes concrete sug...

  6. Gerontology Education and Research in Kenya: Establishing a U.S.-African Partnership in Aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Sharon V.; Gachuhi, Mugo; Ice, Gillian; Cattell, Maria; Whittington, Frank

    2005-01-01

    This article reprises four presentations on "Gerontology Education in Kenya," a seminar at the 2004 Annual Meeting of the Association of Gerontology in Higher Education. It describes the process by which the Gerontology Institute of Georgia State University established a 3-year gerontology education and research partnership with Kenyatta…

  7. Gerontology Education and Research in Kenya: Establishing a U.S.-African Partnership in Aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Sharon V.; Gachuhi, Mugo; Ice, Gillian; Cattell, Maria; Whittington, Frank

    2005-01-01

    This article reprises four presentations on "Gerontology Education in Kenya," a seminar at the 2004 Annual Meeting of the Association of Gerontology in Higher Education. It describes the process by which the Gerontology Institute of Georgia State University established a 3-year gerontology education and research partnership with Kenyatta…

  8. Establishment of C6 brain glioma models through stereotactic technique for laser interstitial thermotherapy research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Shi

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: The rat C6 brain glioma model established in the study was a perfect model to study LITT of glioma. Infrared thermograph technique measured temperature conveniently and effectively. The technique is noninvasive, and the obtained data could be further processed using software used in LITT research. To measure deep-tissue temperature, combining thermocouple with infrared thermograph technique would present better results.

  9. European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Establishing the key unanswered research questions within gastrointestinal endoscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rees, Colin J; Ngu, Wee Sing; Regula, Jaroslaw

    2016-01-01

    Background and study aim: Gastrointestinal endoscopy is a rapidly evolving research field. The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) plays a key role in shaping opinion and endoscopy activity throughout Europe and further afield. Establishing key unanswered questions within the fi...

  10. Beyond "Two Cultures": Guidance for Establishing Effective Researcher/Health System Partnerships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Sarah; Botting, Ingrid; Graham, Ian D.; Huebner, Lori-Anne

    2017-01-01

    research activities, factors related to the established collaboration, and interpersonal, intra- and inter-organizational dynamics may present additional challenges to research partnerships built on existing collaboration. Differences between researchers and KUs may pose no greater challenges than differences among KUs (at various levels, and representing diverse perspectives and organizations) themselves. Effective "relationship brokering" is essential for meaningful collaboration. PMID:28005540

  11. The Defense Threat Reduction Agency's Technical Nuclear Forensics Research and Development Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franks, J.

    2015-12-01

    The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) Technical Nuclear Forensics (TNF) Research and Development (R&D) Program's overarching goal is to design, develop, demonstrate, and transition advanced technologies and methodologies that improve the interagency operational capability to provide forensics conclusions after the detonation of a nuclear device. This goal is attained through the execution of three focus areas covering the span of the TNF process to enable strategic decision-making (attribution): Nuclear Forensic Materials Exploitation - Development of targeted technologies, methodologies and tools enabling the timely collection, analysis and interpretation of detonation materials.Prompt Nuclear Effects Exploitation - Improve ground-based capabilities to collect prompt nuclear device outputs and effects data for rapid, complementary and corroborative information.Nuclear Forensics Device Characterization - Development of a validated and verified capability to reverse model a nuclear device with high confidence from observables (e.g., prompt diagnostics, sample analysis, etc.) seen after an attack. This presentation will outline DTRA's TNF R&D strategy and current investments, with efforts focusing on: (1) introducing new technical data collection capabilities (e.g., ground-based prompt diagnostics sensor systems; innovative debris collection and analysis); (2) developing new TNF process paradigms and concepts of operations to decrease timelines and uncertainties, and increase results confidence; (3) enhanced validation and verification (V&V) of capabilities through technology evaluations and demonstrations; and (4) updated weapon output predictions to account for the modern threat environment. A key challenge to expanding these efforts to a global capability is the need for increased post-detonation TNF international cooperation, collaboration and peer reviews.

  12. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment. From April 1, 1996 to March 31, 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimizu, Masatsugu; Ide, Shunsuke; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Koizumi, Koichi; Takahashi, Ichiro [eds.] [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    1997-10-01

    This report provides an overview of research and development activities at Naka Fusion Research Establishment, JAERI, during the period from April 1, 1996 to March 31, 1997. The activities in Naka Fusion Research Establishment are highlighted by high temperature plasma research in JT-60 and JFT-2M, and progress in ITER-EDA, including technology development. The objectives of the JT-60 project are to contribute to the ITER physics R and D and to establish the physics basis for a steady state tokamak fusion reactor like SSTR. Objectives of the JFT-2M program are (1) advanced and basic researches for the development of high-performance plasmas for nuclear fusion and (2) contribution to the physics R and D for ITER, with a merit of flexibility of a medium-size device. The Detailed Design Report (DDR) of ITER was issued by the Director in November 1996, as the basis of the Final Design Report (FDR). After the formal review by the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), the DDR was officially accepted by the ITER Council at its 11th Meeting held in December 1996. The DDR is composed of various technical documents on the detailed design of plasma parameters, tokamak components, plant system and tokamak building. The major results of safety analyses described in the Non-site Specific Safety Report (NSSR)-1 was also included in the DDR. The FDR will be prepared by the end of 1997 for presentation at the ITER Council. (J.P.N.)

  13. The establishment of an attachment research network in Latin America: goals, accomplishments, and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Causadias, José M; Sroufe, L Alan; Herreros, Francisca

    2011-03-01

    In the face of a pressing need for expanded attachment research programs and attachment informed interventions in Latin America, a research network was established: Red Iberoamericana de Apego: RIA (Iberian-American Attachment Network). The purpose of RIA is to promote human development and well being, informed by attachment theory, centering on research, and with implications for public policies, education, and intervention. We report the proceedings of the second meeting of RIA held in Panama City, Panama, in February 2010. As part of this meeting, RIA sponsored the first Latin-American attachment conference. Proceedings of the conference are described, as are future goals of this new organization.

  14. Soviet News and Propaganda Analysis Based on RED STAR (The Official Newspaper of the Soviet Defense Establishment) for the Period 1-30 April 1985. Volume 5, Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    SOVIET NEWS AND PROPAGANDA ANALYSIS BASED ON RED STAR (The Official Newspaper of the Soviet Defense Establishment) FOR THE PERIOD 1-30 APRIL 1985...topics from the Rus- sian language newspaper Red Star (Krasnaya Zvezda). With a circulation of several million copies, this "daily" newspaper is the...space in Red Star reported events and activities that occurred in foreign countries or were international in scope. As a daily newspaper , Red Star is

  15. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 20, Number 3, Issue 67, October 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    cycle. Randall and his col- leagues (2010) found: [that the] integrator acts as the network entrepreneur, bun- dling knowledge and capital resources...Termination OPORD Execution Plan Phases Le ve l o f M ilit ar y E �o rt Notional Operation Plan Phases LEGEND A Publication of the Defense Acquisition

  16. 78 FR 48331 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Release of Fundamental Research Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics (AT&L) in a memorandum on... Executive Orders (E.O.s) 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available... impacts, and equity). E.O. 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, of...

  17. 77 FR 4632 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Independent Research and Development Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ... technology readiness level. The DTIC on-line form can be found at http://www.dtic.mil/ird/dticdb/index.html... independence of contractors to choose which technologies to pursue in IR&D programs. The public comment period... of Defense, International Technology Security. Therefore the respondent made the...

  18. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Abstracts of Phase I Awards. 1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    34CANNED" PROGRAM. THE SYNERGY OF HELICAL SCAN AND CGI IS A TECHNICAL ADVANTAGE BY CON- CENTRATING THE PERCEIVED INFORMATION IN THE ROBOT PICK-UP RASTER...COUNT * NEEDED FOR THE CALCULATION. * NW SYSTEMS SDIO $ 0 36 PANORAMA TRAIL ROCHESTER, NY 14525 DR CAROL A NIZNIK TITLE: STRATEGIC DEFENSE DATA BASE

  19. Establishing the psychometric properties of constructs in a community-based participatory research conceptual model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oetzel, John G; Zhou, Chuan; Duran, Bonnie; Pearson, Cynthia; Magarati, Maya; Lucero, Julie; Wallerstein, Nina; Villegas, Malia

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to establish the psychometric properties of 22 measures from a community-based participatory research (CBPR) conceptual model. The design of this study was an online, cross-sectional survey of academic and community partners involved in a CPBR project. CPBR projects (294) in the United States with federal funding in 2009. Of the 404 academic and community partners invited, 312 (77.2%) participated. Of the 200 principal investigators/project directors invited, 138 (69.0%) participated. Twenty-two measures of CBPR context, group dynamics, methods, and health-related outcomes were examined. Confirmatory factor analysis to establish factorial validity and Pearson correlations to establish convergent and divergent validity were used. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated strong factorial validity for the 22 constructs. Pearson correlations (p < .001) supported the convergent and divergent validity of the measures. Internal consistency was strong, with 18 of 22 measures achieving at least a .78 Cronbach α. CBPR is a key approach for health promotion in underserved communities and/or communities of color, yet the basic psychometric properties of CBPR constructs have not been well established. This study provides evidence of the factorial, convergent, and discriminant validity and the internal consistency of 22 measures related to the CBPR conceptual model. Thus, these measures can be used with confidence by both CBPR practitioners and researchers to evaluate their own CBPR partnerships and to advance the science of CBPR.

  20. Establishing confidence in the output of qualitative research synthesis: the ConQual approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munn, Zachary; Porritt, Kylie; Lockwood, Craig; Aromataris, Edoardo; Pearson, Alan

    2014-09-20

    The importance of findings derived from syntheses of qualitative research has been increasingly acknowledged. Findings that arise from qualitative syntheses inform questions of practice and policy in their own right and are commonly used to complement findings from quantitative research syntheses. The GRADE approach has been widely adopted by international organisations to rate the quality and confidence of the findings of quantitative systematic reviews. To date, there has been no widely accepted corresponding approach to assist health care professionals and policy makers in establishing confidence in the synthesised findings of qualitative systematic reviews. A methodological group was formed develop a process to assess the confidence in synthesised qualitative research findings and develop a Summary of Findings tables for meta-aggregative qualitative systematic reviews. Dependability and credibility are two elements considered by the methodological group to influence the confidence of qualitative synthesised findings. A set of critical appraisal questions are proposed to establish dependability, whilst credibility can be ranked according to the goodness of fit between the author's interpretation and the original data. By following the processes outlined in this article, an overall ranking can be assigned to rate the confidence of synthesised qualitative findings, a system we have labelled ConQual. The development and use of the ConQual approach will assist users of qualitative systematic reviews to establish confidence in the evidence produced in these types of reviews and can serve as a practical tool to assist in decision making.

  1. 基于博弈论的网络攻防策略与主动防御研究与实验%RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENT ON GAME THEORY-BASED NETWORK ATTACK AND DEFENSE STRATEGY AND PROACTIVE DEFENSE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮铁权

    2013-01-01

    Network security is an important content in Internet research , but traditional network security gives the priority to passive defense.In this paper,we suggest the network defense graph model ,classification of attack and defense strategies as well as a game theory-based attack and defense strategy in combination with the demand of proactive defense , and design a selection algorithm of optimal proactive defense which is based on the above model .Finally, the instance of the simulation proves the scientificity and effectiveness of the proposed model .%网络安全是因特网研究的重要内容,传统网络安全采用被动防御为主。结合主动防御的需求,提出网络防御图模型、攻防策略分类,以及一种基于博弈理论的攻防策略,并设计基于上述模型的最优主动防御选取算法。最后通过实例模拟证明了该模型的科学性和有效性。

  2. Contributions of the Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs to Training and Education: FY1999-FY2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    allows visual tracking, free-floating Magnetic Levitation ( Maglev ) haptic feedback with real surgical tools and sce- nario-based training that can be...Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs to Training and Education: FY1999–FY2004 J.D...Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs to Training and Education: FY1999

  3. Moving Target Defense

    CERN Document Server

    Jajodia, Sushil; Swarup, Vipin; Wang, Cliff; Wang, X Sean

    2011-01-01

    Moving Target Defense: Creating Asymmetric Uncertainty for Cyber Threats was developed by a group of leading researchers. It describes the fundamental challenges facing the research community and identifies new promising solution paths. Moving Target Defense which is motivated by the asymmetric costs borne by cyber defenders takes an advantage afforded to attackers and reverses it to advantage defenders. Moving Target Defense is enabled by technical trends in recent years, including virtualization and workload migration on commodity systems, widespread and redundant network connectivity, instr

  4. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 22, Number 4, Issue 75, October 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    examines when and under what circumstances the government would benefit from buying a Technical Data Package (TDP) as part of an overall bid. He...jonathan.ritschel@afit.edu)  Image designed by Diane Fleischer TECHNICAL Data Packages : When Can They Reduce Costs for the Department of Defense...they “support the process [of ] taking engineering designs and technical data packages (TDPs) to optimize the manufacturing/production of a part

  5. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 18, Number 4, Issue 60, October 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    Acquisition University http://www.dau.mil 386 REFERENCES Alsop, R. (2008). The trophy kids grow up: How the millennial generation is shaking up the...being dropped from the FY 1981 buy . Both actions contribute significantly to the schedule and support purchases identified above. (p. 2) An...Publication of the Defense Acquisition University http://www.dau.mil 398 become a $39.3 billion program. This was partly due to an additional buy of 566

  6. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 23, Number 1, Issue 76, January 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-21

    Competition • Is there evidence that competition between system portfolios is an effective means of controlling price and costs? • Does lack of...provided force feedback to the operator (Figure 9). Two hydraulic cylinders mounted on the 14 Defense ARJ, January 2016, Vol. 23 No. 1 : 2–27 A...Lecturer Naval Postgraduate School Lt Col Troy J. Mueller, USAFR Portfolio Director, Judiciary Engineering and Modernization Center The MITRE

  7. Application of System and Integration Readiness Levels to Department of Defense Research and Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    structural support (Struct), atmospheric propagation (Atmos), target, target acquisition, tracking, pointing ( ATP ), and battle management and...involve building the target, but the atmosphere and ATP form an interface with the target so an IRL is associated with the target, but no TRL. 264 Defense...Table 5, if most effort had been placed into developing the laser, beam director, ATP algorithms; and target infor- mation, but not much effort

  8. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 19, Number 1, Issue 61, January 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    82ARJ, January 2012, Vol. 19 No. 1 : 075 — 098 Regulations (ITAR) through the United States Munitions List ( USML ) under the auspices of the Arms Export...Control Act of 1976. Through the USML , the Department of State primarily seeks to prevent sensi- tive technology, services, articles, and...Controls (DDTC), ITAR uses the USML to determine if an article or service is deemed defense-related through the following criteria (Department of State

  9. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 20, Number 2, Issue 66, July 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    original document contains color images. 14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF...electricity made upgrading candles (for practical lighting) obsolete. The advent of low-profile, stealth-like characteristics made many sur- face-to... Color of money 101. Defense Acquisition University presentation to DMSMS and Standardization Conference, Hollywood, FL. Heuristic. (n.d.). In

  10. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 19, Number 3, Issue 63, July 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    Acquisition University http://www.dau.mil Keywords: Agile, Systems Engineering, Information Technology (IT), DoD Agile IT Acquisition, IT Box, Scrum ...individuals and 71 countries, found Scrum and eXtreme Programming to be the most widely followed method- ologies (VersionOne, 2007). Other common...http://www.dau.mil 259 Defense ARJ, July 2012, Vol. 19 No. 3 : 249–264 Scrum Scrum is a framework used for project management, which is designed for

  11. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 24, Number 1, Issue 80, January 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    International Journal of Production Economics, 87(3), 333–347. Henderson, R. (1994). Managing innovation in the information age. Harvard Business Review , 72... Harvard Business Review , 70(1), 71–79. Keebler, J. S., Manrodt, K. B., Durtsche, D. A., & Ledyard, D. M. (1999). Keeping score: Measuring the business ...Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy Dr. J. Ronald Fox Harvard Business School Mr. David Gallop Defense Acquisition

  12. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 23, Number 4, Issue 79, October 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    context to assist current defense decision makers, acquisition officials, and the acquisition schoolhouse. Review The Harvard Business School’s J...New Public Managers at All Levels Author(s): Michael D. Watkins, Peter H. Daly, with Cate Reavis Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press...Clayton M. Christensen Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press Copyright Date: 1997 ISBN: 978-0875845852 Hard/Softcover: Hardcover, 256 pages

  13. United States Department of Defense Research in Robotic Unmanned Systems for Combat Casualty Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    first responder combat casualty care, and patient evacuation under hostile fire have compounded combat losses throughout history. Force protection of military first responders is complicated by current international and coalition troop deployments for peacekeeping operations, counter terrorism, and humanitarian assistance missions that involve highly visible, politically sensitive low intensity combat in urban terrain. The United States Department of Defense (DoD) has significantly invested in autonomous vehicles, and other robots to support its Future Force. By leveraging

  14. Long-term agroecosystem research in the central Mississippi river basin: introduction, establishment, and overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, E John; Lerch, Robert N; Kitchen, Newell R; Anderson, Stephen H; Baffaut, Claire; Sudduth, Kenneth A; Prato, Anthony A; Kremer, Robert J; Vories, Earl D; Myers, D Brent; Broz, Robert; Miles, Randall J; Young, Fred J

    2015-01-01

    Many challenges currently facing agriculture require long-term data on landscape-scale hydrologic responses to weather, such as from the Goodwater Creek Experimental Watershed (GCEW), located in northeastern Missouri, USA. This watershed is prone to surface runoff despite shallow slopes, as a result of a significant smectitic clay layer 30 to 50 cm deep that restricts downward flow of water and gives rise to a periodic perched water table. This paper is the first in a series that documents the database developed from GCEW. The objectives of this paper are to (i) establish the context of long-term data and the federal infrastructure that provides it, (ii) describe the GCEW/ Central Mississippi River Basin (CMRB) establishment and the geophysical and anthropogenic context, (iii) summarize in brief the collected research results published using data from within GCEW, (iv) describe the series of papers this work introduces, and (v) identify knowledge gaps and research needs. The rationale for the collection derives from converging trends in data from long-term research, integration of multiple disciplines, and increasing public awareness of increasingly larger problems. The outcome of those trends includes being selected as the CMRB site in the USDA-ARS Long-Term Agro-Ecosystem Research (LTAR) network. Research needs include quantifying watershed scale fluxes of N, P, K, sediment, and energy, accounting for fluxes involving forest, livestock, and anthropogenic sources, scaling from near-term point-scale results to increasingly long and broad scales, and considering whole-system interactions. This special section informs the scientific community about this database and provides support for its future use in research to solve natural resource problems important to US agricultural, environmental, and science policy.

  15. Establishment of a Laboratory for Biofuels Research at the University of Kentucky

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crocker, Mark [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research; Crofcheck, Czarena [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research; Andrews, Rodney [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research

    2013-03-29

    This project was aimed at the development of the biofuels industry in Kentucky by establishing a laboratory to develop improved processes for biomass utilization. The facility is based at the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research and the Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, and constitutes an “open” laboratory, i.e., its equipment is available to other Kentucky researchers working in the area. The development of this biofuels facility represents a significant expansion of research infrastructure, and will provide a lasting resource for biobased research endeavors at the University of Kentucky. In order to enhance the laboratory's capabilities and contribute to on-going biofuels research at the University of Kentucky, initial research at the laboratory has focused on the following technical areas: (i) the identification of algae strains suitable for oil production, utilizing flue gas from coal-fired power plants as a source of CO2; (ii) the conversion of algae to biofuels; and (iii) the development of methods for the analysis of lignin and its deconstruction products. Highlights from these activities include the development of catalysts for the upgrading of lipids to hydrocarbons by means of decarboxylation/decarbonylation (deCOx), a study of bio-oil production from the fast pyrolysis of algae (Scenedesmus), and the application of pyrolytic gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS) to the characterization of high lignin biomass feedstocks.

  16. Research ethics on the agenda - the debates preceding the establishment of the ethics committees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulsen, Nadia Shad; Lie, Anne Kveim

    2016-11-01

    BACKGROUND This article examines two factors that helped to trigger and drive forward the debate about research ethics committees (now the Regional Committees for Medical and Health Research Ethics) in Norway in the 1970s: the revision of the Declaration of Helsinki by a Scandinavian working group, and the unfolding of the so-called Gro case in the Norwegian national media.METHOD We have used existing literature in the form of books and articles on the history of research ethics from the University Library of the University of Oslo, the National Library of Norway, the History of Science, Technology and Medicine database, and Retriever. We have manually reviewed issues of the Dagbladet daily newspaper from 1974, and relevant volumes of the Journal of the Norwegian Medical Association from the 1960s and 1970s. Finally, we have used the archives of the Norwegian Association of Higher Education Institutions, and the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Oslo.RESULTS The World Medical Association's revision of the Declaration of Helsinki in 1975 stipulated the use of independent ethics committees for the assessment and supervision of research projects. The Gro case, which concerned the testing of behavioural therapeutic treatment on a young girl resident in an institution and the ensuing public debate, led to a demand from the public for closer monitoring and ethical regulation of research activity.INTERPRETATION Both of the events mentioned were used actively in the argumentation and preparatory work for the establishment of research ethics committees.

  17. Annual Report FY2011: Establishment of a Laboratory for Biofuels Research at the University of Kentucky

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crocker, Mark [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research; Crofcheck, Czarena [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research; Andrews, Rodney [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research

    2011-12-21

    This project is aimed at the development of the biofuels industry in Kentucky by establishing a laboratory to develop improved processes for biomass utilization. The facility is based at the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research and the Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, and constitutes an open laboratory, i.e., its equipment is available to other Kentucky researchers working in the area. The development of this biofuels facility represents a significant expansion of research infrastructure, and will provide a lasting resource for biobased research endeavors at the University of Kentucky. In order to enhance the laboratory's capabilities and contribute to on-going biofuels research at the University of Kentucky, initial research at the laboratory has focused on the following technical areas: (i) the identification of algae strains suitable for oil production, utilizing flue gas from coal-fired power plants as a source of CO2; (ii) the conversion of algae to biofuels; and (iii) thermochemical methods for the deconstruction of lignin. Highlights from these activities include a detailed study of bio-oil production from the fast pyrolysis of microalgae (Scenedesmus sp.) and the application of pyrolytic gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS) to the characterization of high lignin biomass feedstocks.

  18. Novel bibliometric scores for evaluating research quality and output: a correlation study with established indexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scotti, Valeria; De Silvestri, Annalisa; Scudeller, Luigia; Abele, Paola; Topuz, Funda; Curti, Moreno

    2016-12-23

    Novel bibliometric indexes (commonly known as altmetrics) are gaining interest within the scientific community and might represent an important alternative measure of research quality and output. We evaluate how these new metrics correlate with established bibliometric indexes such as the impact factor (IF), currently used as a measure of scientific production as well as a criterion for scientific research funding, and how they might be helpful in assessing the impact of research. We calculated altmetrics scores for all the articles published at our institution during a single year and examined the correlation between altmetrics scores and IFs as a measure of research quality and impact in all departments. For all articles from the various departments published in a single year, the altmetrics score and the sum of all IFs showed a strong and significant correlation (Spearman's rho 0.88). The correlation was significant also when the major components of altmetrics, including Facebook, Twitter and Mendeley, were analyzed. The implementation of altmetrics has been found to be easy and effective at both the researcher and librarian levels. The novel bibliographic index altmetrics is consistent and reliable and can complement or be considered a valid alternative to standard bibliometric indexes to benchmark output and quality of research for academic and funding purposes.

  19. Establishing an implementation network: lessons learned from community-based participatory research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garcia Piedad

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Implementation of evidence-based mental health assessment and intervention in community public health practice is a high priority for multiple stakeholders. Academic-community partnerships can assist in the implementation of efficacious treatments in community settings; yet, little is known about the processes by which these collaborations are developed. In this paper, we discuss our application of community-based participatory research (CBPR approach to implementation, and we present six lessons we have learned from the establishment of an academic-community partnership. Methods With older adults with psychosis as a focus, we have developed a partnership between a university research center and a public mental health service system based on CBPR. The long-term goal of the partnership is to collaboratively establish an evidence-based implementation network that is sustainable within the public mental healthcare system. Results In building a sustainable partnership, we found that the following lessons were instrumental: changing attitudes; sharing staff; expecting obstacles and formalizing solutions; monitoring and evaluating; adapting and adjusting; and taking advantage of emerging opportunities. Some of these lessons were previously known principles that were modified as the result of the CBPR process, while some lessons derived directly from the interactive process of forming the partnership. Conclusion The process of forming of academic-public partnerships is challenging and time consuming, yet crucial for the development and implementation of state-of-the-art approaches to assessment and interventions to improve the functioning and quality of life for persons with serious mental illnesses. These partnerships provide necessary organizational support to facilitate the implementation of clinical research findings in community practice benefiting consumers, researchers, and providers.

  20. Dynamic defense workshop :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crosby, Sean Michael; Doak, Justin E.; Haas, Jason Juedes.; Helinski, Ryan; Lamb, Christopher C.

    2013-02-01

    On September 5th and 6th, 2012, the Dynamic Defense Workshop: From Research to Practice brought together researchers from academia, industry, and Sandia with the goals of increasing collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories and external organizations, de ning and un- derstanding dynamic, or moving target, defense concepts and directions, and gaining a greater understanding of the state of the art for dynamic defense. Through the workshop, we broadened and re ned our de nition and understanding, identi ed new approaches to inherent challenges, and de ned principles of dynamic defense. Half of the workshop was devoted to presentations of current state-of-the-art work. Presentation topics included areas such as the failure of current defenses, threats, techniques, goals of dynamic defense, theory, foundations of dynamic defense, future directions and open research questions related to dynamic defense. The remainder of the workshop was discussion, which was broken down into sessions on de ning challenges, applications to host or mobile environments, applications to enterprise network environments, exploring research and operational taxonomies, and determining how to apply scienti c rigor to and investigating the eld of dynamic defense.

  1. 高校参与国防科研的问题与对策%Problems and Strategy for Universities to Participate in the National Defense Scientific Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘征; 田永常; 吕世峰; 岳晓玲

    2011-01-01

    Universities are scientific and technological innovation and basic research base,they play important roles in national defense scientific research.However,the participation in national defense scientific research remains many problems to be solved urgently.This article in view of the university to participate in national defense scientific research problems,analysis of one by one,the corresponding countermeasures were put forward,finally introduced the work and effectiveness of China University of Geosciences(Wuhan) in the national defense scientific research.The author hopes it draw lessons from a meaning for China's universities to participate in the national defense scientific research.%高校是科技创新和基础研究的基地,在国家国防科研中发挥了重要作用。然而高校在参与国防科研中存在着许多突出问题。本文针对高校参与国防科研存在的问题,逐一分析,提出了相应的对策。最后介绍了中国地质大学(武汉)在国防科研方面已开展的工作及其成效,以期能对我国高校参与国防科研带来借鉴意义。

  2. Engaging Patients and Clinicians in Establishing Research Priorities for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Sandra E; Chadha, Rati; Donovan, Lois E; Guitard, Adrienne L T; Koppula, Sudha; Laupacis, Andreas; Simpson, Sara; Johnson, Jeffrey A

    2017-04-01

    We involved patients and clinicians in Alberta, Canada, to establish research priorities in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), using an approach based on a model proposed by the James Lind Alliance (JLA). We adapted the 4-step JLA process to engage women with GDM and clinicians to identify uncertainties about the management of GDM. Uncertainties were identified through a survey and a review of the clinical practice guidelines (CPG). Uncertainties were short-listed by a steering committee, followed by a 1-day facilitated workshop using a nominal group format and involving a similar number of patients and clinicians, who identified the top 10 research priorities. Across the various survey formats, 75 individuals submitted 389 uncertainties, the majority (44; 59%) coming from patients. We removed 9 questions as being out of scope or unclear, and 41 were identified on a review of CPG, resulting in a total of 421 uncertainties. After the priority setting process, the final top 10 research priorities included questions about a simpler, more accurate and convenient screening test; risk factors for GDM; improving postpartum diabetes screening; the impact of GDM on the future health of the children; lifestyle challenges and mental health issues; safety, effectiveness and/or impact of diet and/or medication treatments; appropriate timing for delivery; and how care is provided, organized or communicated. These top 10 research priorities were informed through a comprehensive and transparent process involving women who have experienced GDM as well as clinicians, and they may be regarded as research priorities for GDM. Copyright © 2016 Canadian Diabetes Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Conference Essay: The Field of Discourse Research in the Process of Becoming Established

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susann Fegter

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decade, interdisciplinary discourse research in the tradition of Michel FOUCAULT has been evolving constantly in the German-speaking world. It also takes linguistic methodologies as a point of orientation and establishes itself in the framework of qualitative social research. At the international interdisciplinary conference "Language—Power—Knowledge" in Augsburg from 10 – 12 October 2007, participants explored and discussed the current state of discourse theory and analysis. With the present conference essay, we intend to provide insight into the discussions that took place there. We first outline the questions and goals of the conference, and then present a brief summary of the lectures. A number of focal points emerged at the conference that were taken up repeatedly and discussed in a variety of contexts: the relation between discourse analysis and critique, the relation between the subject (subjectivity and discourses, the relation between power, discourse and dispositive, and the relation between discourse analyses and visuality. In systematizing these four points, we undertake a critical consideration of the "results" of the conference. In conclusion, we highlight two current network initiatives on interdisciplinary discourse research that were introduced at the conference. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0802181

  4. Establishing and managing a periodontal biobank for research: the sharing of experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaithilingam, R D; Safii, S H; Baharuddin, N A; Karen-Ng, L P; Saub, R; Ariffin, F; Ramli, H; Sharifuddin, A; Hidayat, M F H; Raman, R; Chan, Y K; Rani, N A; Rahim, R A; Shahruddin, N; Cheong, S C; Bartold, P M; Zain, R B

    2015-01-01

    Periodontal bio-repositories, which allow banking of clinically validated human data and biological samples, provide an opportunity to derive biomarkers for periodontal diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic activities which are expected to improve patient management. This article presents the establishing of the Malaysian Periodontal Database and Biobank System (MPDBS) which was initiated in 2011 with the aim to facilitate periodontal research. Partnerships were established with collaborating centres. Policies on specimen access, authorship and acknowledgement policies were agreed upon by all participating centres before the initiation of the periodontal biobank. Ethical approval for the collection of samples and data were obtained from institutional ethics review boards. A broad-based approach for informed consent was used, which covered areas related to quality of life impacts, genetics and molecular aspects of periodontal disease. Sample collection and processing was performed using a standardized protocol. Biobanking resources such as equipment and freezers were shared with the Malaysian Oral Cancer Database and Tissue Bank System (MOCDTBS). In the development of the MPDBS, challenges that were previously faced by the MOCDTBS were considered. Future challenges in terms of ethical and legal issues will be faced when international collaborations necessitate the transportation of specimens across borders.

  5. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment from April 1, 1994 to March 31, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagashima, Takashi; Naito, Osamu; Ogiwara, Norio; Saigusa, Mikio; Seki, Masahiro; Murasawa, Michihiko; Uehara, Yusuke [eds.] [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    1995-11-01

    Research and development activities at Naka Fusion Research Establishment, JAERI, are reported for the period from April 1, 1994 to March 31, 1995. The main objectives of the JT-60 experiments are: confinement improvement, impurity control and divertor studies, steady-state studies, and energetic particle physics. JFT-2M experiments progressed in the momentum transport study by applying an external helical field and toroidal momentum input with NBI, and also, the boundary plasma study through the introduction of an electric field in the scrape-off layer (SOL) by the divertor biasing. Progress in the DIII-D experiments was obtained in the studies of divertor radiation, advanced tokamak and VH-mode plasma. As for the fusion technology research, activities are focused on the Research and Development (R and D) for ITER EDA: superconducting magnets, neutral beam heating, radio frequency heating, plasma facing components, reactor structure, remote maintenance, shielding blanket, tritium processing, tritium safety and fusion safety. Based on the Outline Design approved in March 1994 by the ITER Council a sensitivity study was conducted by the new director and JCT in close collaboration with four Home Teams in order to determine the optimum way to achieve a reduction in the cost of ITER while minimizing the impacts regarding its performance margins. Japanese Home Team carried out a part of the ITER design based on task agreements, mainly in the field of vacuum vessel, first wall and blanket, initial assembly, etc. The DREAM tokamak reactor concept was improved focusing on the reactor internals and safety. (J.P.N.).

  6. Establishment of induced pluripotent stem cells from centenarians for neurodegenerative disease research.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takuya Yagi

    Full Text Available Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC technology can be used to model human disorders, create cell-based models of human diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, and in establishing therapeutic strategies. To detect subtle cellular abnormalities associated with common late-onset disease in iPSCs, valid control iPSCs derived from healthy donors free of serious late-onset diseases are necessary. Here, we report the generation of iPSCs from fibroblasts obtained immediately postmortem from centenarian donors (106- and 109-years-old who were extremely healthy until an advanced age. The iPSCs were generated using a conventional method involving OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, and c-MYC, and then differentiated into neuronal cells using a neurosphere method. The expression of molecules that play critical roles in late-onset neurodegenerative diseases by neurons differentiated from the centenarian-iPSCs was compared to that of neurons differentiated from iPSCs derived from familial Alzheimer's disease and familial Parkinson's disease (PARK4: triplication of the α synuclein gene patients. The results indicated that our series of iPSCs would be useful in neurodegeneration research. The iPSCs we describe, which were derived from donors with exceptional longevity who were presumed to have no serious disease risk factors, would be useful in longevity research and as valid super-controls for use in studies of various late-onset diseases.

  7. Establishment of a clean chemistry laboratory at JAERI. Clean laboratory for environmental analysis and research (CLEAR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanzawa, Yukiko; Magara, Masaaki; Watanabe, Kazuo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment] [and others

    2003-02-01

    The JAERI has established a facility with a cleanroom: the Clean Laboratory for Environmental Analysis and Research (CLEAR). This report is an overview of the design, construction and performance evaluation of the CLEAR in the initial stage of the laboratory operation in June 2001. The CLEAR is a facility to be used for analyses of ultra trace amounts of nuclear materials in environmental samples for the safeguards, for the CTBT verification and for researches on environmental sciences. One of the special features of the CLEAR is that it meets double requirements of a cleanroom and for handling of nuclear materials. As another feature of the CLEAR, much attention was paid to the construction materials of the cleanroom for trace analysis of metal elements using considerable amounts of corrosive acids. The air conditioning and purification system, specially designed experimental equipment to provide clean work surfaces, utilities and safety systems are also demonstrated. The potential contamination from the completed cleanroom atmosphere during the analytical procedure was evaluated. It can be concluded that the CLEAR has provided a suitable condition for reliable analysis of ultra trace amounts of nuclear materials and other heavy elements in environmental samples. (author)

  8. National Library of Medicine Disaster Information Management Research Center: Establishment and growth, 2008–2010 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Cynthia B.; Arnesen, Stacey J.; Phillips, Steven J.

    2014-01-01

    In 2008, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) established the Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC). Prior to 2008, NLM had a long history of involvement in providing health information for disaster management. Aware of this legacy and moved by the catastrophic aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, the NLM long range plan (Charting a Course for the 21st Century: NLM’s Long Range Plan 2006–2016) called for creation of a center to show “a strong commitment to disaster remediation and to provide a platform for demonstrating how libraries and librarians can be part of the solution to this national problem”. NLM was urged to “ensure continuous access to health information and effective use of libraries and librarians when disasters occur”. In response to this charge, NLM has undertaken substantial efforts to ensure that medical libraries have plans for the continuity of their operations, librarians are trained to understand their roles in preparedness and response, online disaster health information resources are available for many audiences and in multiple formats, and research is conducted on tools to enhance the exchange of critical information during and following disasters. This paper documents the history, goals, initiatives, accomplishments and future plans of the Center. PMID:25324584

  9. Establishment of a clean chemistry laboratory at JAERI. Clean laboratory for environmental analysis and research (CLEAR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanzawa, Yukiko; Magara, Masaaki; Watanabe, Kazuo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment] [and others

    2003-02-01

    The JAERI has established a facility with a cleanroom: the Clean Laboratory for Environmental Analysis and Research (CLEAR). This report is an overview of the design, construction and performance evaluation of the CLEAR in the initial stage of the laboratory operation in June 2001. The CLEAR is a facility to be used for analyses of ultra trace amounts of nuclear materials in environmental samples for the safeguards, for the CTBT verification and for researches on environmental sciences. One of the special features of the CLEAR is that it meets double requirements of a cleanroom and for handling of nuclear materials. As another feature of the CLEAR, much attention was paid to the construction materials of the cleanroom for trace analysis of metal elements using considerable amounts of corrosive acids. The air conditioning and purification system, specially designed experimental equipment to provide clean work surfaces, utilities and safety systems are also demonstrated. The potential contamination from the completed cleanroom atmosphere during the analytical procedure was evaluated. It can be concluded that the CLEAR has provided a suitable condition for reliable analysis of ultra trace amounts of nuclear materials and other heavy elements in environmental samples. (author)

  10. Mathematics learning opportunities when playing a Tower Defense Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aura Hernàndez-Sabaté

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A qualitative research study is presented herein with the purpose of identifying mathematics learning opportunities in a commercial version of a Tower Defense game. These learning opportunities are understood as mathematicisable moments of the game and involve the establishment of relationships between the game and mathematical problem solving. Based on the analysis of the nature of these mathematicisable moments, we present several design options that are being implemented in a didactic version of a Tower Defense game.

  11. Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. Program Solicitation 90.1. FY-1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-01

    possessions of the United States, any of the topics listed in Appendix D hereto, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of For Phase II, no...will continue with simulant identification work with primary focus on establishing agent/simulant test correlation data. N90-02 7 TIFLE: Tesi Kit

  12. Microbial Monitoring from the Frontlines to Space: Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research Technology Aboard the International Space Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oubre, Cherie M.; Khodadad, Christina L.; Castro, Victoria A.; Ott, C. Mark; Flint, Stephanie; Pollack, Lawrence P.; Roman, Monserrate C.

    2017-01-01

    The RAZOR (trademark) EX, a quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) instrument, is a portable, ruggedized unit that was designed for the Department of Defense (DoD) with its reagent chemistries traceable to a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract beginning in 2002. The PCR instrument's primary function post 9/11 was to enable frontline soldiers and first responders to detect biological threat agents and bioterrorism activities in remote locations to include field environments. With its success for DoD, the instrument has also been employed by other governmental agencies including Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The RAZOR (Trademark) EX underwent stringent testing by the vendor, as well as through the DoD, and was certified in 2005. In addition, the RAZOR (trademark) EX passed DHS security sponsored Stakeholder Panel on Agent Detection Assays (SPADA) rigorous evaluation in 2011. The identification and quantitation of microbial pathogens is necessary both on the ground as well as during spaceflight to maintain the health of astronauts and to prevent biofouling of equipment. Currently, culture-based monitoring technology has been adequate for short-term spaceflight missions but may not be robust enough to meet the requirements for long-duration missions. During a NASA-sponsored workshop in 2011, it was determined that the more traditional culture-based method should be replaced or supplemented with more robust technologies. NASA scientists began investigating innovative molecular technologies for future space exploration and as a result, PCR was recommended. Shortly after, NASA sponsored market research in 2012 to identify and review current, commercial, cutting edge PCR technologies for potential applicability to spaceflight operations. Scientists identified and extensively evaluated three candidate technologies with the potential to function in microgravity. After a thorough voice-of-the-customer trade study and extensive functional and

  13. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment. From April 1,2000 to March 31, 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuriyama, Masaaki; Kizu, Kaname; Kusakawa, Fumio; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Keishi; Sengoku, Seio (eds.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    2001-11-01

    This report provides an overview of research and development activities at Naka Fusion Research Establishment, JAERI, during the period from April 1, 2000 to March 31, 2001. The activities in the Naka Fusion Research Establishment are outstanding at high performance plasma researches in JT-60 and JFT-2M, and development in ITER EDA including technological R and Ds. The JT-60 project aims at contributing to the physics R and D for ITER and establishing the physics basis for a steady state tokamak fusion reactor like SSTR. For the achievement of those objectives, both physical and engineering researches have been done. The JT-60 have continued to be productive in many areas covering performance improvements of high {beta}{sub p} ELMy H-mode regime and reversed shear plasma, non-inductive current drive, physics study relevant to improved modes, stabilization of MHD modes, feedback control, disruption study, understandings on energetic particles, and scrape off layer and divertor studies with increased pumping capability. On JFT-2M, advanced and basic research of tokamak plasma is being promoted, including application of the low activation ferritic steel, with the flexibility of a medium-sized device. The pre-testing on compatibility of ferritic steel plates (FPs), covering {approx}20% of the inside wall of the vacuum vessel, with plasma was performed, demonstrating no adverse effects on plasmas. Boronization was introduced for the first time in JFT-2M after installation of inside FPs. High-{beta}{sub N} discharges ({beta}{sub N} up to {approx}2.8) were obtained with inside FPs and boronization. Formation of negative electric field at the H-mode transition during ECH was clarified by the heavy ion beam probe (HIBP). The MSE polarimeter system, which is capable of simultaneous measurement of a radial electric field, has been newly developed. In RF experiments, fast wave electric field profile was directly measured for the first time using the beat wave and HIBP. The

  14. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment. From April 1,2000 to March 31, 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuriyama, Masaaki; Kizu, Kaname; Kusakawa, Fumio; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Keishi; Sengoku, Seio (eds.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    2001-11-01

    This report provides an overview of research and development activities at Naka Fusion Research Establishment, JAERI, during the period from April 1, 2000 to March 31, 2001. The activities in the Naka Fusion Research Establishment are outstanding at high performance plasma researches in JT-60 and JFT-2M, and development in ITER EDA including technological R and Ds. The JT-60 project aims at contributing to the physics R and D for ITER and establishing the physics basis for a steady state tokamak fusion reactor like SSTR. For the achievement of those objectives, both physical and engineering researches have been done. The JT-60 have continued to be productive in many areas covering performance improvements of high {beta}{sub p} ELMy H-mode regime and reversed shear plasma, non-inductive current drive, physics study relevant to improved modes, stabilization of MHD modes, feedback control, disruption study, understandings on energetic particles, and scrape off layer and divertor studies with increased pumping capability. On JFT-2M, advanced and basic research of tokamak plasma is being promoted, including application of the low activation ferritic steel, with the flexibility of a medium-sized device. The pre-testing on compatibility of ferritic steel plates (FPs), covering {approx}20% of the inside wall of the vacuum vessel, with plasma was performed, demonstrating no adverse effects on plasmas. Boronization was introduced for the first time in JFT-2M after installation of inside FPs. High-{beta}{sub N} discharges ({beta}{sub N} up to {approx}2.8) were obtained with inside FPs and boronization. Formation of negative electric field at the H-mode transition during ECH was clarified by the heavy ion beam probe (HIBP). The MSE polarimeter system, which is capable of simultaneous measurement of a radial electric field, has been newly developed. In RF experiments, fast wave electric field profile was directly measured for the first time using the beat wave and HIBP. The

  15. The US Department of Defense Hemorrhage and Resuscitation Research and Development Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    discovery research through clini- cal development. The purpose is to provide improved methods , drugs, and devices to stop life-threatening bleeding...improve survivability and reimagine future combat care. Army AL&T: 80Y84, 2015. 4. Rasmussen TE, Rauch TM, Hack DC: Military trauma research

  16. Technology Transfer at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency: A Diagnostic Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-01

    to build * collaborative "M machine intelligence systems to P~s~sst humian operators and to create autonomous systems able to function without human...close collaboration with contractors to establish a schedule for the accomplishment of various subtasks, integrating these different subtasks, and...to represent the many inter-disciplinary and interinstitutional transfers that must take place to bring a program to fruition in the form of a

  17. Institutional repository `eKMAIR': establishing and populating a research repository for the National University "Kyiv Mohyla Academy"

    CERN Document Server

    Yaroshenko, Tetiana

    2012-01-01

    University libraries have an increasingly important role to play in supporting open access publishing and dissemination of research outputs.1 In particular, many libraries are playing a leading role in establishing and managing institutional repositories. Institutional repositories are, most often, Open Access Initiative (OAI)-compliant databases of a university or other research institution's intellectual output, most typically research papers, although many other forms of digital media can also be stored and disseminated. Their main function is to provide improved access to the full text of research articles and improve retrieval of relevant research. The National University "Kyiv Mohyla Academy" is a small-sized institution with approximately 3,000 students and 500 academic staff. Although it is a teaching-intensive university, developing research and knowledge-transfer capacity is a strategic priority and four research institutes have been established, with further research activity going on in the academ...

  18. Research report for establishment of NEDO vision; NEDO vision no sakutei ni muketa chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Because of an increase in energy demand due to economic growth and industrial structure change in the Asian area and its effect on global environment, the economic evolution harmonizing with energy and environment (3E) of the Asian area is required. The role of Japan, in particular, NEDO for achieving such 3E was studied from an international viewpoint. The following are thus surveyed: The history of energy demands, economic growth, an increase in energy consumption and their effect on global environment in the Asian area, and the policies, measures and future plans of Asian countries corresponding to the above situations. The role of NEDO is first of all R & D of biomass toward practical use, and development of effective use technology of biomass energy. Positive approach to control of CO2 emission and immobilization of CO2 is also required in industrial and traffic fields. As technology transfer from Japan, promotion of joint researches and establishment of an economic support scheme are expected together with transfer of the basement technology and training. 79 figs., 13 tabs.

  19. Establishing a definition of polar bear (Ursus maritimus) health: A guide to research and management activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patyk, Kelly A.; Duncan, Colleen G.; Nol, Pauline; Sonne, C.; Laidre, Kristin L.; Obbard, Martyn E.; Wiig, Øystein; Aars, Jon; Regehr, Eric V.; Gustafson, L.; Atwood, Todd C.

    2015-01-01

    The meaning of health for wildlife and perspectives on how to assess and measure health, are not well characterized. For wildlife at risk, such as some polar bear (Ursus maritimus) subpopulations, establishing comprehensive monitoring programs that include health status is an emerging need. Environmental changes, especially loss of sea ice habitat, have raised concern about polar bear health. Effective and consistent monitoring of polar bear health requires an unambiguous definition of health. We used the Delphi method of soliciting and interpreting expert knowledge to propose a working definition of polar bear health and to identify current concerns regarding health, challenges in measuring health, and important metrics for monitoring health. The expert opinion elicited through the exercise agreed that polar bear health is defined by characteristics and knowledge at the individual, population, and ecosystem level. The most important threats identified were in decreasing order: climate change, increased nutritional stress, chronic physiological stress, harvest management, increased exposure to contaminants, increased frequency of human interaction, diseases and parasites, and increased exposure to competitors. Fifteen metrics were identified to monitor polar bear health. Of these, indicators of body condition, disease and parasite exposure, contaminant exposure, and reproductive success were ranked as most important. We suggest that a cumulative effects approach to research and monitoring will improve the ability to assess the biological, ecological, and social determinants of polar bear health and provide measurable objectives for conservation goals and priorities and to evaluate progress.

  20. Research report for establishment of NEDO vision; NEDO vision no sakutei ni muketa chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Because of an increase in energy demand due to economic growth and industrial structure change in the Asian area and its effect on global environment, the economic evolution harmonizing with energy and environment (3E) of the Asian area is required. The role of Japan, in particular, NEDO for achieving such 3E was studied from an international viewpoint. The following are thus surveyed: The history of energy demands, economic growth, an increase in energy consumption and their effect on global environment in the Asian area, and the policies, measures and future plans of Asian countries corresponding to the above situations. The role of NEDO is first of all R & D of biomass toward practical use, and development of effective use technology of biomass energy. Positive approach to control of CO2 emission and immobilization of CO2 is also required in industrial and traffic fields. As technology transfer from Japan, promotion of joint researches and establishment of an economic support scheme are expected together with transfer of the basement technology and training. 79 figs., 13 tabs.

  1. Improvements in the use of aquatic herbicides and establishment of future research directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getsinger, K.D.; Netherland, M.D.; Grue, C.E.; Koschnick, T.J.

    2008-01-01

    Peer-reviewed literature over the past 20 years identifies significant changes and improvements in chemical control strategies used to manage nuisance submersed vegetation. The invasive exotic plants hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata L.f. Royle) and Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.) continue to spread and remain the plant species of greatest concern for aquatic resource managers at the national scale. Emerging exotic weeds of regional concern such as egeria (Egeria densa Planch.), curlyleaf pondweed (Potamogeton crispus L.), and hygrophila (Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anders), as well as native plants such as variable watermilfoil (Myriophyllum heterophyllum Michx), and cabomba (Cabomba caroliniana Gray) are invasive outside their home ranges. In addition, there is always the threat of new plant introductions such as African elodea (Lagarosiphon major (Ridley) Moss) or narrow-leaf anacharis (Egeria najas Planchon). The registration of the bleaching herbicide fluridone in the mid 1980s for whole-lake and large-scale management stimulated numerous lines of research involving reduction of use rates, plant selectivity, residue monitoring, and impacts on fisheries. In addition to numerous advances, the specificity of fluridone for a single plant enzyme led to the first documented case of herbicide resistance in aquatic plant management. The resistance of hydrilla to fluridone has stimulated a renewed interest by industry and others in the registration of alternative modes of action for aquatic use. These newer chemistries tend to be enzyme-specific compounds with favorable non-target toxicity profiles. Registration efforts have been facilitated by increased cooperation between key federal government agencies that have aquatic weed control and research responsibilities, and regulators within the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). We reviewed past and current research efforts to identify areas in need of further investigation and to establish

  2. [Research on establishment of clinical safety intensive hospital monitoring net of traditional Chinese medicine injection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lian-Xin; Xie, Yan-Ming; Wang, Zhi-Fei

    2012-09-01

    The establishment of clinical safety monitoring net of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injection is the one of the key issues of the monitoring work. The monitoring net is including varieties of types of net, such as clinical monitoring net, multimedia network platform, the net of experts or talents. The paper will introduce the establishing method of clinical safety monitoring net, the establishing of clinical safety monitoring net, and the establishing of network based on the internet, the knowledge network construction of experts, the net construction of talents are all included, to assure the development for clinical safety monitoring work.

  3. Ranking energy-conservation measures to establish research priorities: synopsis of a workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moskowitz, P.D.; Le, T.Q.; Pierce, B.

    1979-05-02

    A workshop was convened to assist DOE's Technology Assessment Division in evaluating the need to prepare additional environmental- and social-impact assessments of different energy-conservation measures. Attendees participated in a decision-making exercise designed to rank 19 different energy-conservation measures according to their overall potential for achieving important national goals and their ease of implementation. The participants felt that the most-important ranking criteria dealt with questions concerning feasibility (economic, political/institutional, social, and technical) and economic efficiency. Other criteria, such as environmental quality and occupational health and safety received lower weights; possibly because of the widespread belief that most of the conservation measures presented would be environmentally beneficial. In the participants' view, the most-promising and feasible conservation measures include new-building-performance standards, retrofit of existing housing stock, new-appliance-performance standards and increased use of smaller cars. In contrast, conservation options which ranked rather low, such as diesel engines, coal-fired aluminum remelt furnaces, and cupola furnace modifications were expected to have some harmful environmental and health impacts. Most of these impacts are expected to be highly localized and of lesser national concern. Disagreement exists as to the efficacy of funding those projects deemed highly desirable and feasible versus those which are expected to have the greater environmental and social impacts. These differences must be taken into account in the research priorities that are eventually established. While environmental and social impacts of alternative energy-conservation measures may prove to be either harmful or beneficial, neither side should be ignored by the policy maker.

  4. Towards Establishing a Yardstick for Measuring Student Research Article Productivity in Communication Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musambira, George W.

    2000-01-01

    Investigates, using 24 scholarly journals, the typical rate of publishing among student researchers published in communication journals in 1994-1998. Presents a ranking of student researchers in terms of article research productivities. Notes what research journals most student researchers publish their work. Provides averages in both fractional…

  5. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-06

    RESTORATIVE ALGORITHM TO RECOVER A SET OF IMAGES OF PARALLEL SURFACES WITHIN THE OBJECT. THE METHOD IS COMPLEMENTARY TO COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT); BUT...OUT- LINING VARIOUS PERIODONTAL AND ORAL SURGERY APPLICATIONS. WHILE NOT INTENDED TO COMPLETELY REPLACE RADIOGRAPHS, THE RESEARCH AS OUTLINED HEREIN...TITLE: APPLICATION OF COMPTON INTERACTION TOMOGRAPHY FOR NON- DESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION OF LAMINATED COMPOSITE STRUCTURES TOPIC: 99 OFFICE: NASC AN

  6. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) Volume 2. Navy Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards, 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    DYNAMICS, INCLUDING AUTOPILOT , AND AN ADEQUATE SIMULATED TERRAIN IMAGE FOR VEHICLES WITH ON-BOARD SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH (SBIR) PROGRAM...ELECTRONICS DOES NOT EXCEED A FRACTION OF A VOLT, NOT LIKELY IF THE RATE OF CHANGE OF AXIAL FLUX DENSITY IS LESS THAN 2.5 TESLA /SEC. A UNIQUE

  7. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Abstracts of Phase 2 Awards 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    helicopter pop-up ,cetiario lo , ecc can be achieved. Sietitlicant features include: Hl Operates on a short data collection tinec-line. 2i 1lispothesites all...a deposition scheme. In Phase II, Aerodyne Research will grow diamond in a self-limiting fashion. Both homo - and hetero-epitaxy will be explored using

  8. Establishing and sustaining research partnerships in Africa: a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Arhinful, Daniel K; Pitchforth, Emma; Ogedegbe, Gbenga; Allotey, Pascale; Agyemang, Charles

    2012-08-16

    This paper examines the challenges and opportunities in establishing and sustaining north-south research partnerships in Africa through a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease. Established in 2006 with seed funding from the British Academy, the partnership aimed to bring together multidisciplinary chronic disease researchers based in the UK and Africa to collaborate on research, inform policymaking, train and support postgraduates and create a platform for research dissemination. We review the partnership's achievements and challenges, applying established criteria for developing successful partnerships. During the funded period we achieved major success in creating a platform for research dissemination through international meetings and publications. Other goals, such as engaging in collaborative research and training postgraduates, were not as successfully realised. Enabling factors included trust and respect between core working group members, a shared commitment to achieving partnership goals, and the collective ability to develop creative strategies to overcome funding challenges. Barriers included limited funding, administrative support, and framework for monitoring and evaluating some goals. Chronic disease research partnerships in low-income regions operate within health research, practice, funding and policy environments that prioritise infectious diseases and other pressing public health and developmental challenges. Their long-term sustainability will therefore depend on integrated funding systems that provide a crucial capacity building bridge. Beyond the specific challenges of chronic disease research, we identify social capital, measurable goals, administrative support, creativity and innovation and funding as five key ingredients that are essential for sustaining research partnerships.

  9. Establishing and sustaining research partnerships in Africa: a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de-Graft Aikins Ama

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper examines the challenges and opportunities in establishing and sustaining north–south research partnerships in Africa through a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease. Established in 2006 with seed funding from the British Academy, the partnership aimed to bring together multidisciplinary chronic disease researchers based in the UK and Africa to collaborate on research, inform policymaking, train and support postgraduates and create a platform for research dissemination. We review the partnership’s achievements and challenges, applying established criteria for developing successful partnerships. During the funded period we achieved major success in creating a platform for research dissemination through international meetings and publications. Other goals, such as engaging in collaborative research and training postgraduates, were not as successfully realised. Enabling factors included trust and respect between core working group members, a shared commitment to achieving partnership goals, and the collective ability to develop creative strategies to overcome funding challenges. Barriers included limited funding, administrative support, and framework for monitoring and evaluating some goals. Chronic disease research partnerships in low-income regions operate within health research, practice, funding and policy environments that prioritise infectious diseases and other pressing public health and developmental challenges. Their long-term sustainability will therefore depend on integrated funding systems that provide a crucial capacity building bridge. Beyond the specific challenges of chronic disease research, we identify social capital, measurable goals, administrative support, creativity and innovation and funding as five key ingredients that are essential for sustaining research partnerships.

  10. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 21, Number 4, Issue 71, October 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    Libpcap is a portable library for network traffic capture) to IPFIX format. Conversion time is largely a product of disk read speed. For example...2011; Hill, Gutman, Chambal, & Kitchen , 2013; Johnson, Hutto, Simpson, & Montgomery, 2012). The research of toler- ance intervals in designed...International Test and Evaluation Journal, 32(3), 288–297. Hill, R. R., Gutman, A. J., Chambal, S. P., & Kitchen , J. W. (2013). Acquisition and testing

  11. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Volume 2. Navy Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards. 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    TRAINING. DELFIN SYSTEMS 1349 MOFFETT PARK DR 78 SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH PROGRAM - PHASE I NAVY Solicitation 90.1 SUNNYVALE, CA 94089 Program...MACHINE-INTERFACES (MMI). IMPLEMENTED MMI DESIGN SHOULD REFLECT HOW THE OPERATOR ACTUALLY USES AND INTERACTS WITH THE MACHINE. DELFIN WILL ANALYZE AND...DESIGN A GENERIC EXPERT SYSTEM MMI USEFUL IN ANY DEPLOYED ESM SYSTEM. DELFIN WILL GENERICALLY DEFINE CRYPTOLOGIC SYSTEMM USE AND TECHNICAL

  12. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Abstracts of Phase I Awards. 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    EMPHASIS OF ANY PHASE II WORK. ANAMET LABS INC AF $ 49,031 100 INDUSTRIAL WY SAN CARLOS, CA 94070 DANTON GUTIERREZ-LFMINI TITLE: COUPLED THERMOELASTIC...NATIONAL DR - STE 280 BURTONSVILLE, MD 20866 GEORGE MAHLER TITLE: THLL BASED SYMBOLIC DEBUG FACILITY FOR VAX/VMS T 104 OFFICE: NSWC THLL IS THE TRIDENT...VALLEY RD., SUITE 112 SAN DIEGO, CA 92121 GEORGE W WEBB , TITLE: MINIATURE CONDUCTORS FOR SENSORS T 3 OFFICE: WE DESCRIBE A FOUR PART RESEARCH PROGRAM

  13. Department of Defense Program Solicitation 94.2, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program; FY 1994.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    Bioadherence Properties Point of Contact: MEDICAL CATEGORY: Basic Research OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the feasibility of biogradable microspheres for the... microspheres for the encapsulation of vaccines with or without immunoadjuvants are needed which would evoke complete protection for a duration of at least one...in the laboratory with specially prepared (by aerogel /hypercritical drying) metal oxides. However, for DAT to be commercially used, easier and less

  14. Improvements Needed at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency When Evaluating Broad Agency Announcement Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-06

    research. The program manager recommends the proposal(s) for funding to the Scientific Review Official ( SRO ) within a Program Manager Summary Sheet. (See...matter expert worksheets, and the Program Manager Summary Sheet and forwards this package to the SRO for his or her concurrence. The SRO reviews...award. The SRO signs the Program Manager Summary Sheet to indicate concurrence with the program manager’s selection. Then the SRO signs the ARPA

  15. What is the Process Approvals for Survey Research in the Department of Defense (DoD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-26

    JAC legal office for an ethics review. To assist you in making this decision about whether to request a legal review, the following examples are... processes are reported to be confusing. The survey approval process between services is inconsistent and time consuming . Barriers, real or perceived...MDW/SGVU SUBJECT: Professional Presentation Approval 11APR 2017 1. Your paper, entitled What is the Process ? Approvals for Survey Research in the

  16. Defense Health: Actions Needed to Help Ensure Combat Casualty Care Research Achieves Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    Department of Health and Human Services JPC -6 Joint Program Committee for Combat Casualty Care MRMC Army Medical Research and...and development.) Note: The JPC -6 includes representatives from each military service (Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps) and is chartered...care, which is managed by the Joint Program Committee for Combat Casualty Care ( JPC -6). The JPC -6 includes representatives from the DOD biomedical

  17. Accomplishments of Naturalistic Decision Making Research and Applications to Emerging Defense Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-27

    of assessment procedures and a list of indicators (perceptual cues and information from telemetry ) of the physiological changes that occur in neonates...understanding. Numerous theories of attention have been proffered, and have been heavily researched, beginning with the earliest studies of dual ...present information in the same way it is presented in the "real world." Displays of data from measurements made by individual sensors (e.g., airspeed

  18. Feathers in the Nest: Establishing a Supportive Environment for Women Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartley, Nicole; Dobele, Angela

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses research examining the attitudes and behaviours of researching women in academia and considers the effect of these factors on successful researching outcomes. The results of this exploratory research highlight in particular, a number of interesting environmental influencers which contribute to enhancing successful work…

  19. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Volume 2. Navy Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    field/production environments. MIKROS SYSTEMS CORP. Topic#: 92-083 ID#: 92N32-122 3490 U S ROUTE NO 1 Office: NSWCDDWO PRINCETON, NJ 08540 Contract...92-171 MIDWEST RESEARCH TECHNOLOGIES, INC. DARPA Topic#: 92-030 SDIO Topict 92-013 SDIO Topic#: 92-015 MIKROS SYSTEMS CORP. MATERIALS ANALYSIS, INC...TECHNOLOGIES, INC, PRINCETON SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, INC. ARMY Topic#: 92-040 ARMY Topic#: 92-174 RADKOWSKI ASSOC. PRO -TECH ARMY Topic#: 92-173 AF Topic#: 92

  20. Establishing research in a palliative care clinical setting: perceived barriers and implemented strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullen, Tracey; Maher, Kate; Rosenberg, John P; Smith, Bradley

    2014-02-01

    There are many challenges in developing research projects in research-naïve clinical settings, especially palliative care where resistance to participate in research has been identified. These challenges to the implementation of research are common in nursing practice and are associated with attitudes towards research participation, and some lack of understanding of research as a process to improve clinical practice. This is despite the professional nursing requirement to conduct research into issues that influence palliative care practice. The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of implementing a clinical research project in collaboration with the clinicians of a palliative care community team and to reflect on the strategies implemented to overcome the challenges involved. The challenges presented here demonstrate the importance of proactively implementing engagement strategies from the inception of a research project in a clinical setting.

  1. 舰艇编队防空拦截模型及队形研究%Research on Air Defense Interceptor Model and Formation of Warships

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建军; 王毅; 王星博; 杨利斌

    2012-01-01

    在排队论的基础上,通过对舰艇编队防空空间的划分,建立了舰艇编队区域防空模型和点防空模型,并对其拦截效能进行了评估。对于不同方向来袭目标,建立了不同编队队形的拦截效能模型。实例结果表明:增大防空武器系统火力纵深的拦截效能要远远大于增大火力密度的效能。%Through dividing the naval fleet air defense space, the warship formation area air defense model and the model of point air defense are established based on queuing theory. Then the intercept performance was evaluated. The interception performance of the different formation is different for different directions of targets. The example shows that the interception performance of increasing the fire depth of air defense weapon system is much larger than increasing the effectiveness of fire density.

  2. Russian Ballistic Missile Defense: Rhetoric and Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    2012/06/08/russia_installs_new_radars_as_a_ deterrent_15834.html. 130. “Direct Line with Vladimir Putin ,” President of Russia , April 17, 2014...and increases the danger of war. In his 2012 pre-election treatise on defense policy and national security, Rus- sian President Vladimir Putin ...Kontsern PVO Almaz-Antey) was established by President Vladimir Putin in 2002 uniting no fewer than 46 enterprises, including factories, research and

  3. Establishing a research agenda for Scientific and Technical Information (STI): Focus on the user

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.

    1992-01-01

    This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

  4. Establishing a research agenda for scientific and technical information (STI) - Focus on the user

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.

    1992-01-01

    This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

  5. Neuroimaging in aphasia treatment research : Standards for establishing the effects of treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kiran, Swathi; Ansaldo, Ana; Bastiaanse, Roelien; Cherney, Leora R.; Howard, David; Faroqi-Shah, Yasmeen; Meinzer, Marcus; Thompson, Cynthia K.

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to discuss experimental design options available for establishing the effects of treatment in studies that aim to examine the neural mechanisms associated with treatment-induced language recovery in aphasia, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We present

  6. Neuroimaging in aphasia treatment research : Standards for establishing the effects of treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kiran, Swathi; Ansaldo, Ana; Bastiaanse, Roelien; Cherney, Leora R.; Howard, David; Faroqi-Shah, Yasmeen; Meinzer, Marcus; Thompson, Cynthia K.

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to discuss experimental design options available for establishing the effects of treatment in studies that aim to examine the neural mechanisms associated with treatment-induced language recovery in aphasia, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We present bot

  7. Establishing the Research Agenda for Increasing the Representation of Women in Engineering and Computing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buse, Kathleen; Hill, Catherine; Benson, Kathleen

    2017-01-01

    While there is an extensive body of research on gender equity in engineering and computing, there have been few efforts to glean insight from a dialog among experts. To encourage collaboration and to develop a shared vision of the future research agenda, a 2 day workshop of 50 scholars who work on the topic of gender in engineering and computing was held at a rural conference center. The structure of the conference and the location allowed for time to reflect, dialog, and to craft an innovative research agenda aimed at increasing the representation of women in engineering and computing. This paper has been written by the conference organizers and details the ideas and recommendations from the scholars. The result is an innovative, collaborative approach to future research that focuses on identifying effective interventions. The new approach includes the creation of partnerships with stakeholders including businesses, government agencies, non-profits and academic institutions to allow a broader voice in setting research priorities. Researchers recommend incorporating multiple disciplines and methodologies, while expanding the use of data analytics, merging and mining existing databases and creating new datasets. The future research agenda is detailed and includes studies focused on socio-cultural interventions particularly on career choice, within undergraduate and graduate programs, and for women in professional careers. The outcome is a vision for future research that can be shared with researchers, practitioners and other stakeholders that will lead to gender equity in the engineering and computing professions.

  8. Humor Scholarship and TESOL: Applying Findings and Establishing a Research Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Nancy D.

    2011-01-01

    Research in the areas of second language (L2) pragmatics and of conversational humor has increased in recent decades, resulting in a strong base of knowledge from which applied linguists can draw information for teaching purposes and undertake future research. Yet, whereas empirical findings in L2 pragmatics are beginning to find their way into…

  9. The open innovation research landscape : Established perspectives and emerging themes across different levels of analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bogers, M.; Zobel, A.-K.; Afuah, A.; Almirall, E.; Brunswicker, S.; Dahlander, L.; Frederiksen, L.; Gawer, A.; Gruber, M.; Haefliger, S.; Hagedoorn, J.; Hilgers, D.; Laursen, K.; Magnusson, M.G.; Majchrzak, A.; McCarthy, I.P.; Moeslein, K.M.; Nambisan, S.; Piller, F.T.; Radziwon, A.; Rossi-Lamastra, C.; Sims, J.; Ter Wal, A.L.J.

    2017-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the main perspectives and themes emerging in research on open innovation (OI). The paper is the result of a collaborative process among several OI scholars – having a common basis in the recurrent Professional Development Workshop on ‘Researching Open Innovation’ a

  10. Are the lights going out on British science? Researchers are in uproar after a recently established

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Scientists involved in physics and space research - and I'm one of them - are fortunate people. Their work is stimulating; it's the basis for most of the technologies that modern life depends on; and its research frontiers - from atoms to the cosmos - interest a wide public.

  11. Establishing an agenda for social studies research in marine renewable energy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Watts, Laura; Kerr, Sandy

    2014-01-01

    To date, academic research relating to Marine Renewable Energy (MRE) has largely focused on resource assessment, technical viability and environmental impact. Experiences from onshore renewable energy tell us that social acceptability is equally critical to project success. However, the specific...... nature of the marine environment, patterns of resource distribution and governance means experiences from onshore may not be directly applicable to MRE and the marine environment. This paper sets out an agenda for social studies research linked to MRE, identifying key topics for future research: (i...... research network of social scientists with interests in marine renewable energy. Importantly, this research agenda has been informed by the experiences of developers, regulators and community groups in Orkney. The Orkney archipelago, off the north coast of Scotland, is home to the most intense cluster...

  12. Establishing an agenda for social studies research in marine renewable energy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Watts, Laura; Kerr, Sandy

    2014-01-01

    research network of social scientists with interests in marine renewable energy. Importantly, this research agenda has been informed by the experiences of developers, regulators and community groups in Orkney. The Orkney archipelago, off the north coast of Scotland, is home to the most intense cluster......To date, academic research relating to Marine Renewable Energy (MRE) has largely focused on resource assessment, technical viability and environmental impact. Experiences from onshore renewable energy tell us that social acceptability is equally critical to project success. However, the specific...... nature of the marine environment, patterns of resource distribution and governance means experiences from onshore may not be directly applicable to MRE and the marine environment. This paper sets out an agenda for social studies research linked to MRE, identifying key topics for future research: (i...

  13. University-Industry Partnerships: A Study of How Top American Research Universities Establish and Maintain Successful Partnerships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prigge, George W.; Torraco, Richard J.

    2006-01-01

    This qualitative research study utilized the grounded theory tradition to examine organizational structures and processes in a purposefully selected sample of American universities that have established and maintained partnerships with industry. Institutional leaders from the corporate relations offices from fifteen of the top research…

  14. Establishment of Korea-Russia bilateral research collaboration for studies on biological effects of cosmic ray and space radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Juwoon; Kim, Dongho; Choi, Jongil; Song, Beomseok; Kim, Jaekyung; Kang, Oilhyun; Lee, Yoonjong; Kim, Jinhong; Jo, Minho

    2011-04-15

    {Omicron} KAERI-IBMP joint workshop on countermeasure and application researches to space environments - Sharing of state-of-the-art researches on space radiobiology using bio-satellites (BION-M1, Photon-soil) and ISS module (Bio-risk) was conducted - Sharing and discussion of state-of-the-art researches on dosimetry of space radiation and its affect on organisms were conducted. {Omicron} Making a contract on KAERI-IBMP Joint Research using Bio-risk module - Contract on KAERI-IBMP Joint Research to evaluate effect of space environment (microgravity and space radiation) on fermentative fungi (Aspergillus oryzae), Algae (Nostoc sp.), and plant seeds (rice, Arabidopsis thaliana, Brachypodium distachyon) was made in November, 2010. {Omicron} Discussion on new Joint Researches on evaluation of space radiation on organisms - Final step on Bion-M projects in terms of evaluation of physiological changes of lactic acid bacteria consumed by Mouse - Discussing new joint research on evaluation of physiological changes of primate by space radiation {Omicron} Establishment and management of the practical working group to invite a branch office of the IBMP in Korea - The system and the working group to implement cooperating researches between KAERI-IBMP on space radiation were established.

  15. Establishing a Research Agenda for Understanding the Role and Impact of Mental Health Peer Specialists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinman, Matthew; McInnes, D Keith; Eisen, Susan; Ellison, Marsha; Farkas, Marianne; Armstrong, Moe; Resnick, Sandra G

    2017-09-01

    Mental health peer specialists are individuals with serious mental illnesses who receive training to use their lived experiences to help others with serious mental illnesses in clinical settings. This Open Forum discusses the state of the research for mental health peer specialists and suggests a research agenda to advance the field. Studies have suggested that peer specialists vary widely in their roles, settings, and theoretical orientations. Theories of action have been proposed, but none have been tested. Outcome studies have shown benefits of peer specialists; however, many studies have methodological shortcomings. Qualitative descriptions of peer specialists are plentiful but lack grounding in implementation science frameworks. A research agenda advancing the field could include empirically testing theoretical mechanisms of peer specialists, developing a measure of peer specialist fidelity, conducting more rigorous outcomes studies, involving peer specialists in executing the research, and assessing various factors that influence implementing peer specialist services and testing strategies that could address those factors.

  16. Biological Defense Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    the data of Babudieri and Moscovici (54), C. burnetii is relatively resistant to ultraviolet rays; however, Siegert et al. (55) showed a marked...four viruses. J. Hyg., Camb. 59:479-484. 54. Babudieri, B., and Moscovici , C. 1952. Bandie Inst. Super. San. 15:215-219. 55. Siegert, R., Peter, H

  17. Faculty Development Workshops to Support Establishing and Sustaining Undergraduate Research Programs in the Earth Sciences (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, L. K.; Guertin, L. A.

    2013-12-01

    The Geosciences Division of the Council of Undergraduate Research (GeoCUR, http://curgeoscience.wordpress.com/) has a long history of supporting faculty who engage in undergraduate research. The division has held faculty development workshops at national meetings of the GSA and AGU for over 15 years. These workshops serve faculty at all career stages and cover multiple aspects of the enterprise of engaging students in undergraduate research. Topics covered include: getting a job (particularly at a primarily undergraduate institution), incorporating research into classes, mentoring independent research projects and identifying sources of internal and external funding. Originally, these workshops were funded through CUR and registration income. When the administrative costs to run the workshops increased, we successfully sought funding from the NSF Course, Curriculum, and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) program. This CCLI Type 1 special project allowed the expansion of the GSA workshops from half-day to full-day and the offering of workshops to other venues, including the annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers and sectional GSA meetings. The workshops are organized and led by GeoCUR councilors, some of whom attended workshops as graduate students or new faculty. Current and past Geoscience program officers in the NSF Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) have presented on NSF funding opportunities. Based on participant surveys, the content of the workshops has evolved over time. Workshop content is also tailored to the particular audience; for example, AGU workshops enroll more graduate students and post-docs and thus the focus is on the job ';search' and getting started in undergraduate research. To date, this CCLI Type 1 project has supported 15 workshops and a variety of print and digital resources shared with workshop participants. This presentation will highlight the goals of this workshop proposal and also provide insights about strategies

  18. A review on the establishment and research in hydrological experimental areas (catchments) in plain areas in China and abroad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Hai; Wang, Chuanhai; Hua, Wenjuan

    2017-04-01

    This paper reviewed some specific conceptions of hydrological experimental areas (catchments) while found that the traditional definition of 'catchment' may be difficult to meet in plain areas. According to the review of development history and current situation of hydrological experimental areas (catchments) in plain areas in China, 4 stages were shown besides the recent 10 years, i.e., 'golden stage(1952-1966)', 'backward stage(1966-1986)', 'short recovery stage(1986-1989)' and 'stagnant stage(1986-2006)'. It gets new impetus since 2006 with some investigation work promoted by the government. Furthermore, some historic problems during establishing experimental areas (catchments) in plain areas were revealed based on the document literature and a few meaningful lessons were drawn from the past. It was also the first time to collect and classify the details of both 11 representative experimental areas in China and abroad, after that a brief comparison about the measurement level and research directions was made between two regions. Additionally, we took the experimental research work in the plain of Taihu Lake Basin as example and introduced the particular research goals and the corresponding establishing process, including how to design the experimental area, eg, size, location, land use type, arranging the measurement instruments et al. We hope such case can provide a reference for newly-building, recovering and extending hydrological experimental areasin plain areas in the future. Finally, this paper prospected the future development in establishment and research in hydrological experimental areas (catchments) in plain areas. It may be more common to see the cooperation between model scientists and field experts. Because of the comprehensive goals in water problems, researchers from various fields would work together in the future experimental research work. Scale study and modelling in plain areas will be a promising branch after some typical experimental areas

  19. [Establishment of prescription research technology system in Chinese medicine secondary exploitation based on "component structure" theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Xu-Dong; Feng, Liang; Gu, Jun-Fei; Zhang, Ming-Hua; Jia, Xiao-Bin

    2014-11-01

    Chinese medicine prescriptions are the wisdom outcomes of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinical treatment determinations which based on differentiation of symptoms and signs. Chinese medicine prescriptions are also the basis of secondary exploitation of TCM. The study on prescription helps to understand the material basis of its efficacy, pharmacological mechanism, which is an important guarantee for the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. Currently, there is not yet dissertation n the method and technology system of basic research on the prescription of Chinese medicine. This paper focuses on how to build an effective system of prescription research technology. Based on "component structure" theory, a technology system contained four-step method that "prescription analysis, the material basis screening, the material basis of analysis and optimization and verify" was proposed. The technology system analyzes the material basis of the three levels such as Chinese medicine pieces, constituents and the compounds which could respect the overall efficacy of Chinese medicine. Ideas of prescription optimization, remodeling are introduced into the system. The technology system is the combination of the existing research and associates with new techniques and methods, which used for explore the research thought suitable for material basis research and prescription remodeling. The system provides a reference for the secondary development of traditional Chinese medicine, and industrial upgrading.

  20. Job Satisfaction Levels of Employees in Hotel Establisments: A Research on Employees in Resort and City Hotel Establishments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elbeyi Pelit

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available No matter in which sector they function, the job satisfaction of the employees at desired level has the utmost importance for the employees’ performance and organizational efficiency. In this respect, applications and studies related to defining job satisfaction and the factors affecting job satisfaction also have importance for establishments to provide data sources to perfrom their functions in the long term. For this reason, establishments should revise their employees’ job satisfaction levels at times. Especially the issue is much more significant for labour-intensive hotel establishments. In this context, to determine the job satisfaction levels of the city and resort employees in hotel establishments ,this research is carried on 1854 employees employed at 114 five-star hotels in city and resort areas of Turkey using “Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale” to collect data. It is concluded that the employees whose job satisfaction is measured by questionnaires are not satisfied with such issues as the wage, making their own decisions, company policies and promotion opportunities. In the further analyses performed (independent-samples t test and ANOVA, it is found out that the job satisfaction level of the employees working in resort hotel establishments is higher than the employees working in the ciy hotel establishments. In addition this, it is found out that there are some differences between the job satisfaction level and education level of the employees.

  1. 76 FR 34713 - Proposed Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development Center-Third Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    .... Organizational planning including functional and gap analysis. Research and development, assessment of new... problems as an integral part of the sponsor's management team. Providing independent analysis about DHHS... cross- cutting, risk-informed analysis of alternative resource approaches. Developing and deploying...

  2. SHAVING BIM: ESTABLISHING A FRAMEWORK FOR FUTURE BIM RESEARCH IN NEW ZEALAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tran, Van

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews and analyses issues relating to the uptake of BIM in the NZ construction industry. There have been few BIM applications in NZ; in particular, in post-construction phases like facilities management, there is none. The paper found that the three reasons why BIM has not been widely accepted and used in New Zealand are: the slow uptake by NZ construction companies; a lack of Kiwi-focused BIM initiatives (led by the government and industry bodies; and a lack of BIM-based building life cycle considerations. Therefore, the paper concludes that there is an urgent need for a joint research programme in NZ to develop a Kiwi-oriented knowledge base on BIM. Given the fact that all major research organisations currently have development plans in their pipelines, coupled with potential developments of the Christchurch Cit after the quake, it seems an ideal time to take a BIM-based research initiative in the country. This joint BIM- focused research programme should concentrate on construction management processes, including procurement management, contract management, information management, as well as post-construction aspects such as facility management.

  3. Establishing a community-wide DNA barcode library as a new tool for arctic research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wirta, Helena; Várkonyi, Gergely; Rasmussen, Claus

    2016-01-01

    DNA sequences offer powerful tools for describing the members and interactions of natural communities. In this study, we establish the to-date most comprehensive library of DNA barcodes for a terrestrial site, including all known macroscopic animals and vascular plants of an intensively studied......-based species inventories, derive a snapshot of faunal turnover in space and time and describe the abundance and phenology of species in the rapidly changing arctic environment. Overall, 403 terrestrial animal and 160 vascular plant species were recorded by morphology-based techniques. DNA barcodes (CO1......) offered high resolution in discriminating among the local animal taxa, with 92% of morphologically distinguishable taxa assigned to unique Barcode Index Numbers (BINs) and 93% to monophyletic clusters. For vascular plants, resolution was lower, with 54% of species forming monophyletic clusters based...

  4. Construction of the Disciplinary System of Defense S & T Information Science & Its Core Field Research%装备科技情报学科体系构筑与核心领域研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符福峘

    2003-01-01

    Five issues regarding the construction of the disciplinary system of defense S & T information science are discussed, i. e. the concept and the research subject; the basic factors; the research object and major fields; the na-ture and academic position; and the function and mission. It's pointed out that strengthening the research on the theoreti-cal system of defense S & T information science and using this system to guide information practice and promote the devel-opment of defense S & T information undertakings are of great significance.

  5. Establishing a community-wide DNA barcode library as a new tool for arctic research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirta, H; Várkonyi, G; Rasmussen, C; Kaartinen, R; Schmidt, N M; Hebert, P D N; Barták, M; Blagoev, G; Disney, H; Ertl, S; Gjelstrup, P; Gwiazdowicz, D J; Huldén, L; Ilmonen, J; Jakovlev, J; Jaschhof, M; Kahanpää, J; Kankaanpää, T; Krogh, P H; Labbee, R; Lettner, C; Michelsen, V; Nielsen, S A; Nielsen, T R; Paasivirta, L; Pedersen, S; Pohjoismäki, J; Salmela, J; Vilkamaa, P; Väre, H; von Tschirnhaus, M; Roslin, T

    2016-05-01

    DNA sequences offer powerful tools for describing the members and interactions of natural communities. In this study, we establish the to-date most comprehensive library of DNA barcodes for a terrestrial site, including all known macroscopic animals and vascular plants of an intensively studied area of the High Arctic, the Zackenberg Valley in Northeast Greenland. To demonstrate its utility, we apply the library to identify nearly 20 000 arthropod individuals from two Malaise traps, each operated for two summers. Drawing on this material, we estimate the coverage of previous morphology-based species inventories, derive a snapshot of faunal turnover in space and time and describe the abundance and phenology of species in the rapidly changing arctic environment. Overall, 403 terrestrial animal and 160 vascular plant species were recorded by morphology-based techniques. DNA barcodes (CO1) offered high resolution in discriminating among the local animal taxa, with 92% of morphologically distinguishable taxa assigned to unique Barcode Index Numbers (BINs) and 93% to monophyletic clusters. For vascular plants, resolution was lower, with 54% of species forming monophyletic clusters based on barcode regions rbcLa and ITS2. Malaise catches revealed 122 BINs not detected by previous sampling and DNA barcoding. The insect community was dominated by a few highly abundant taxa. Even closely related taxa differed in phenology, emphasizing the need for species-level resolution when describing ongoing shifts in arctic communities and ecosystems. The DNA barcode library now established for Zackenberg offers new scope for such explorations, and for the detailed dissection of interspecific interactions throughout the community.

  6. Establishment of database and network for research of stream generator and state of the art technology review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jae Bong; Hur, Nam Su; Moon, Seong In; Seo, Hyeong Won; Park, Bo Kyu; Park, Sung Ho; Kim, Hyung Geun [Sungkyunkwan Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-02-15

    A significant number of steam generator tubes are defective and are removed from service or repaired world widely. This wide spread damage has been caused by diverse degradation mechanisms, some of which are difficult to detect and predict. Regarding domestic nuclear power plants, also, the increase of number of operating nuclear power plants and operating periods may result in the increase of steam generator tube failure. So, it is important to carry out the integrity evaluation process to prevent the steam generator tube damage. There are two objectives of this research. The one is to make database for the research of steam generator at domestic research institution. It will increase the efficiency and capability of limited domestic research resources by sharing data and information through network organization. Also, it will enhance the current standard of integrity evaluation procedure that is considerably conservative but can be more reasonable. The second objective is to establish the standard integrity evaluation procedure for steam generator tube by reviewing state of the art technology. The research resources related to steam generator tubes are managed by the established web-based database system. The following topics are covered in this project: development of web-based network for research on steam generator tubes review of state of the art technology.

  7. 防空武器系统射击概率研究%Research on Firing Probability of Air Defense System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩星; 段芳芳; 高剑

    2014-01-01

    Operational effectiveness of an air defense system is an important factor to evaluate advantages and disad-vantage of the system. Through establishing firing probability model of air defense weapon system, firing probability of an anti-aircraft gun and missile integrated air defense system is analyzed, relation between firing probability and air attack intensity and multi-target capability is determined, which can provide design consideration for system designer.%地面防空武器系统作战效能是衡量武器系统优劣的重要因素。本文通过建立防空武器系统射击概率模型,对某弹炮结合防空武器系统射击概率进行分析,明确射击概率与空袭密度和系统同时多目标能力之间的关系,为系统设计人员提供设计依据。

  8. Bringing Research Libraries into Europeana: Establishing a Library-Domain Aggregator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally Chambers

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Europeana's future strategy requires a domain-level aggregator of library content, positioned alongside other domain aggregators for museums, archives and audio-visual collections. To enable this, LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries, CENL (Conference of European National Librarians and CERL (Consortium of European Research Libraries have joined forces to submit the ‘Europeana Libraries’ project proposal to the European Commission in the context of the CIP-ICT PSP-2010-4 ‘Digital Libraries’ programme in early Summer 2010. This paper outlines the vision of the ‘Europeana Libraries’ project, which will enable The European Library to become the library-domain aggregator for Europeana.

  9. Establishing oleaginous microalgae research models for consolidated bioprocessing of solar energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dongmei; Lu, Yandu; Huang, He; Xu, Jian

    2012-01-01

    Algal feedstock is the foundation of the emerging algal biofuel industry. However, few algae found in nature have demonstrated the combination of high biomass accumulation rate, robust oil yield and tolerance to environmental stresses, all complex traits that a large-scale, economically competitive production scheme demands. Therefore, untangling the intricate sub-cellular networks underlying these complex traits, in one or a series of carefully selected algal research models, has become an urgent research mission, which can take advantage of the emerging model oleaginous microalgae that have already demonstrated small, simple and tackleable genomes and the potential for large-scale open-pond cultivation. The revolutions in whole-genome-based technologies, coupled with systems biology, metabolic engineering and synthetic biology approaches, would enable the rational design and engineering of algal feedstock and help to fill the gaps between the technical and economical reality and the enormous potential of algal biofuels.

  10. Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Estimate RDT&E - Research , Development, Test, and Evaluation SAR - Selected Acquisition Report SCP - Service Cost Position TBD - To Be Determined TY - Then...all ranges and in all phases of flight. Following guidance from the President, the Secretary of Defense approved the Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD...based Midcourse Defense (GMD) system to enhance our capability against Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles. We are currently sustaining 30

  11. Research on establishing the rank and quotient of functions in product value analysisengineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Burz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The constructive conception of a product results from uniting subsystems with basic usage values. These basic usage values make up the functions of the product. The notion of product function is the basic notion that product value analysis/value engineering(VA/VE operates with, and function analysis together with creative thinking constitutes „the oxygen of value engineering”. The present paper defines the notion of rank of a product function, establishes the formula for calculating its value and it reviews some ways of Determining the levels of importance of product functions, with the aim of proposing a new distribution of the importance of these Functions within the total usage value. Establishing the rank of a function can be reduced to the issue of comparing product functions by experts, consumers, team members for VA/VE. Subsequently, the ensuing results are subjected to adequate mathematical operations in order to determin the levels of importance and the quotients of each function within the product ussage value, as well as the distribution of these quotients. Due to the fact that the quota or quotient of a function within the product usage value plays an important role in conceiving and designing products, more precisely, in the economical shaping of functions, the distribution law to which this parametre is subjected is also very important. A critical study of the methods currently used to determine function quotients shows that these methods conduct to a linear distribution of these quotients, and, under these Circumstances, the ratio between the highest level of importance and the lowest level of importance is equal to the number of functions – number that is very high indeed for complex products. On the other hand, it is rightly assumed that there is a considerable number of products for which the functions do not follow a linear distribution. The Zipf distribution or its generalised form, the Pareto

  12. Establishing Long Term Data Management Research Priorities via a Data Decadal Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, A.; Uhlir, P.; Meyer, C. B.; Robinson, E.

    2013-12-01

    We live in a time of unprecedented collection of and access to scientific data. Improvements in sensor technologies and modeling capabilities are constantly producing new data sources. Data sets are being used for unexpected purposes far from their point of origin, as research spans projects, discipline domains, and temporal and geographic boundaries. The nature of science is evolving, with more open science, open publications, and changes to the nature of peer review and data "publication". Data-intensive, or computational science, has been identified as a new research paradigm. There is recognition that the creation of a data set can be a contribution to science deserving of recognition comparable to other scientific publications. Federally funded projects are generally expected to make their data open and accessible to everyone. In this dynamic environment, scientific progress is ever more dependent on good data management practices and policies. Yet current data management and stewardship practices are insufficient. Data sets created at great, and often public, expense are at risk of being lost for technological or organizational reasons. Insufficient documentation and understanding of data can mean that the data are used incorrectly or not at all. Scientific results are being scrutinized and questioned, and occasionally retracted due to problems in data management. The volume of data is greatly increasing while funding for data management is meager and generally must be found within existing budgets. Many federal government agencies, including NASA, USGS, NOAA and NSF are already making efforts to address data management issues. Executive memos and directives give substantial impetus to those efforts, such as the May 9 Executive Order directing agencies to implement Open Data Policy requirements and regularly report their progress. However, these distributed efforts risk duplicating effort, lack a unifying, long-term strategic vision, and too often work in

  13. Newly Established Cardiac Surgery Clinic: Results of First 195 Cases At Diyarbakır Training and Research Hospital

    OpenAIRE

    Kocabeyoğlu, Sinan Sabit; Çetin, Erdem; Özyüksel, Arda; Kutaş, Barış; Çalışkan, Ahmet; Özdemir, Ferit; Paç, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to present the early results of 195 heart surgery procedures performed in a newly established cardiovascular clinic at Diyarbakır Training and Research Hospital. METHODS: Between June 2009-June 2011, 195 consecutive patients were evaluated retrospectively. A total of 144 cases of coronary artery bypass surgery has been applied; in 43 of them beating heart was performed, in four patients simultaneous carotid endarterectomy was performed. Valve replacement ...

  14. A Comparison of Innovative Training Techniques at the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. Research Report 1426.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bush, Brian J.

    A study evaluated the comparative training effectiveness of three language instruction methods: (1) suggestopedia, (2) the standard methodology used at the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, a functional skill-building approach, and (3) a flexible-scheduling version of the standard methodology, with pacing based on group…

  15. Establishing a research agenda for investigating alternative medical interventions for chronic pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berman, B M; Swyers, J P

    1997-12-01

    This article describes the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Center for Complementary Medicine Research approach to developing an agenda for investigating alternative medical treatments for chronic pain syndromes. This agenda includes conducting extensive literature searches and analyses to form a knowledge base for making clinical decisions on which chronic pain syndromes are in greatest need of better therapies, as well as which alternative medical therapies offer the greatest therapeutic promise for these specific chronic pain syndromes. To date, the Center has identified back pain, arthritis, and fibromyalgia as the chronic pain syndromes that contribute the greatest clinical and economic burden to overall chronic pain statistics. Not coincidentally, patients with these diagnoses are the greatest users of alternative therapies. The Center has identified acupuncture, homeopathy, manual/manipulative therapies, and mind-body therapies as the alternative medical therapies offering the greatest clinical potential for these three general chronic pain diagnoses. Preliminary data from the Center's ongoing clinical trials programs are presented.

  16. Establishing Priorities for Occupational Health Research among Women Working in the Maquiladora Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedillo Becerril LA; Harlow; Sánchez; Monroy

    1997-07-01

    In order to estimate the prevalence of potentially hazardous exposures and the frequencies of, types of, and reasons for job transitions among women working in the Mexican maquiladora industry, an age- and occupation-stratified sample of 479 women, aged 16-40 years, living in 12 neighborhoods in Tijuana were interviewed. Considerable transition between industrial sectors was observed. About 20% had left their last job in a maquiladora because of hazardous or stressful working conditions and work-related health problems. Chemical exposures, ergonomic risks, noise, and stress were reported. The sociodemographic characteristics and occupational risk profile of the maquiladora workforce, considered in the broader context of Mexico's development, indicate that occupational health research in the maquiladora should focus on musculoskeletal injuries, adverse reproductive outcomes, neurologic damage, and mental illness. Appropriate methods for investigating occupational risks in a highly mobile workforce will need to be developed in order to avoid sampling bias and identify appropriate comparison groups.

  17. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INNOVATION AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A RESEARCH IN HOTEL ESTABLISHMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BARIŞ ERDEM

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: In the current globalization process, long-term competitiveness of enterprises depends on their ability to increase business performance. While there are several methods and techniques that affect business performance, innovation has become a significant and frequently used tool to this end in recent years. Although many studies that examine the relation between innovation and business performance are present both in the Turkish and international literature, the limited number of studies that specifically focus on hotel enterprises is of note. Particularly in the Turkish literature, it has not been possible to come across any studies that examine the relation between innovation and business performance with an empirical method. With this regards, we believe that the results obtained from this study will be contributory to the related field. The main question sought after in this study is whether innovation affects business performance for hotel enterprises. Within this framework, a survey research has been conducted on 44 five-star hotel enterprises situated in the Turkish province of Antalya. The results of the study yielded that managers have positive perceptions on the issues around innovation and business performance. The managers have quite affirmative opinions regarding the innovation activities being carried out in their own enterprises. The surveyed managers also have the opinion that the performance of the enterprise they work for is better as compared to their competitors. On the other hand, these positive perceptions of managers are also reflected in the relation between innovation and business performance. In other words, parallel to the findings of previous research, a significant and positive relation has been identified between innovation and business performance in this study as well.

  18. Establishment of a standardized mouse model of hepatic fibrosis for biomedical research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai Nhung Truong

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Liver injury causes nodule and scar tissue formation and diffuse fibrosis, which are characteristic of liver cirrhosis. Since there are currently no efficacious therapies to prevent fibrosis, the development of animal models of liver fibrosis is necessary to facilitate further in vivo studies of this pathology. In this study, a mouse model of liver fibrosis was generated using Swiss mice and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 treatment. Induction of liver fibrosis was analyzed using 0.8, 1.0, or 1.2 mL/kg CCl4 to determine the effective dose. In this study, we aimed to develop a standardized hepatic fibrosis mouse model by using CCl4 induction to facilitate further studies in this field. In Swiss mice, we evaluated the dose of CCl4 and the criteria of fibrosis, such as serum markers, fibrosis marker genes, and histopathology. Mice were administered CCl4 three times per week for 8 consecutive weeks. Body weights, survival rates, levels of serum markers (aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase [AST/ALT] and fibrosis markers (fibronectin, procollagen, nt5e, transforming growth factor-beta [TGF-beta], and integrin, and histopathology (using hematoxylin and eosin [H and E] staining were analyzed to determine the optimal dose of CCl4 for induction of liver fibrosis. Results showed that 1.0 mL/kg CCl4 was the most efficient dose for the establishment of a liver fibrosis mouse model. In a standardized liver fibrosis model, mice were treated with 1.0 mL/kg CCl4 three times per week for 11 consecutive weeks, and levels of serum markers (AST, ALT, bilirubin, and albumin, expression of fibrosis marker genes (using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR], histopathology (using Hematoxylin and eosin staining, and connective tissue formation (using Massive trichrome staining were analyzed. The outcomes showed that serum markers and the levels of fibrosis marker genes were significantly increased in the standardized liver

  19. Establishment of a standardized mouse model of hepatic fibrosis for biomedical research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai Nhung Truong

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Liver injury causes nodule and scar tissue formation and diffuse fibrosis, which are characteristic of liver cirrhosis. Since there are currently no efficacious therapies to prevent fibrosis, the development of animal models of liver fibrosis is necessary to facilitate further in vivo studies of this pathology. In this study, a mouse model of liver fibrosis was generated using Swiss mice and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 treatment. Induction of liver fibrosis was analyzed using 0.8, 1.0, or 1.2 mL/kg CCl4 to determine the effective dose. In this study, we aimed to develop a standardized hepatic fibrosis mouse model by using CCl4 induction to facilitate further studies in this field. In Swiss mice, we evaluated the dose of CCl4 and the criteria of fibrosis, such as serum markers, fibrosis marker genes, and histopathology. Mice were administered CCl4 three times per week for 8 consecutive weeks. Body weights, survival rates, levels of serum markers (aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase [AST/ALT] and fibrosis markers (fibronectin, procollagen, nt5e, transforming growth factor-beta [TGF-β], and integrin, and histopathology (using hematoxylin and eosin [H&E] staining were analyzed to determine the optimal dose of CCl4 for induction of liver fibrosis. Results showed that 1.0 mL/kg CCl4 was the most efficient dose for the establishment of a liver fibrosis mouse model. In a standardized liver fibrosis model, mice were treated with 1.0 mL/kg CCl4 three times per week for 11 consecutive weeks, and levels of serum markers (AST, ALT, bilirubin, and albumin, expression of fibrosis marker genes (using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR], histopathology (using Hematoxylin and eosin staining, and connective tissue formation (using Massive trichrome staining were analyzed. The outcomes showed that serum markers and the levels of fibrosis marker genes were significantly increased in the standardized liver fibrosis

  20. 48 CFR 6.202 - Establishing or maintaining alternative sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... emergency or industrial mobilization; (3) Be in the interest of national defense in establishing or maintaining an essential engineering, research, or development capability to be provided by an educational or... history of high demand; or (6) Satisfy a critical need for medical, safety, or emergency supplies....

  1. A method for establishing a long duration, stratospheric platform for astronomical research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fesen, Robert; Brown, Yorke

    2015-10-01

    During certain times of the year at middle and low latitudes, winds in the upper stratosphere move in nearly the opposite direction than the wind in the lower stratosphere. Here we present a method for maintaining a high-altitude balloon platform in near station-keeping mode that utilizes this stratospheric wind shear. The proposed method places a balloon-borne science platform high in the stratosphere connected by a lightweight, high-strength tether to a tug vehicle located in the lower or middle stratosphere. Using aerodynamic control surfaces, wind-induced aerodynamic forces on the tug can be manipulated to counter the wind drag acting on the higher altitude science vehicle, thus controlling the upper vehicle's geographic location. We describe the general framework of this station-keeping method, some important properties required for the upper stratospheric science payload and lower tug platforms, and compare this station-keeping approach with the capabilities of a high altitude airship and conventional tethered aerostat approaches. We conclude by discussing the advantages of such a platform for a variety of missions with emphasis on astrophysical research.

  2. Establishing the Boundaries and Building Bridges: Research Methods Into the Ecology of the Refugee Parenting Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nombasa Williams

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the suitability of the focus group method for conducting research early in post-resettlement among refugee parents and carers in South Australia. This method was employed to uncover the refugee parenting experience in pre-resettlement contexts. There were three refugee focus groups, consisting of a Sudanese women’s group, an African men’s group, and an Afghani and Iraqi women’s group. To illustrate each group’s differential parenting ecologies in milieus of forced migration ecological matrixes were devised which are presented in the results section. An ecological matrix was also developed to unpack, code and analyse transcripts. The matrix was designed to include categories and actions so as to construct meaning units and subsequent condensed meaning units to determine the concluding themes. These provided an analytical framework with which to illuminate the constructed meanings participants attributed to their refugee parenting experiences. The findings provide insights into the ecology of the refugee parenting experience and might be of considerable importance for Australian resettlement services and state systems of child protection seeking to develop culturally appropriate and relevant services.

  3. Establishing and harmonizing ontologies in an interdisciplinary health care clinical research environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Barry; Brochhausen, Mathias

    2008-01-01

    Ontologies are being ever more commonly used in biomedical informatics. The paper provides a survey of some of these uses, and of the relations between ontologies and other terminology resources. In order for ontologies to become truly useful, two objectives must be met. First, ways must be found for the transparent evaluation of ontologies. Second, existing ontologies need to be harmonized. The authors argue that one key foundation for both ontology evaluation and harmonization is the adoption of a realist paradigm in ontology development. For science-based ontologies of the sort which concern us in the eHealth arena, it is reality that provides the common benchmark against which ontologies can be evaluated and aligned within larger frameworks. Given the current multitude of ontologies in the biomedical domain the need for harmonization is becoming ever more urgent. An example of such harmonization within the ACGT project is described, which draws on ontology-based computing as a basis for sharing clinical and laboratory data on cancer research.

  4. Connectivity research in Iceland - using scientific tools to establish sustainable water management strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, David

    2015-04-01

    Since the ninth century when the first settlers arrived in Iceland the island has undergone deforestation and subsequent vegetation degradation and soil erosion. Almost the entire birch forest and woodland, which originally covered ~ 25% of the nation, have been deforested through wood cutting and overgrazing. Consequently, soil erosion seriously affects over 40% of the country. During the last 50 years extensive drainage of wetlands has taken place. Furthermore, about 75% of Iceland electricity production comes from hydropower plants, constructed along the main rivers. Along with seismic and volcanic activities the above mentioned anthropogenic impacts continuously altered the hydro-geomorphic connectivity in many parts of the island. In the framework of ongoing efforts to restore ecosystems and their services in Iceland a thorough understanding of the hydro-geomorphic processes is essential. Field observations and numerical models are crucial tools to adopt appropriate management strategies and help decision makers establish sustainable governance strategies. Sediment transport models have been used in the past to investigate the impacts of hydropower dams on sediment transport in downstream rivers (Finger et al., 2006). Hydropower operations alter the turbidity dynamics in downstream freshwater systems, affecting visibility and light penetration into the water, leading to significant changes in primary production (Finger et al., 2007a). Overall, the interruption of connectivity by physical obstructions can affect the entire food chain, hampering the fishing yields in downstream waters (Finger et al., 2007b). In other locations hydraulic connectivity through retreating glaciers assures water transfer from upstream to downstream areas. The drastically retreat of glaciers can raise concerns of future water availability in remote mountain areas (Finger et al., 2013). Furthermore, the drastic reduction of glacier mass also jeopardizes the water availability for

  5. How can clinical biobanks and patient information be adapted for researchEstablishing a hospital based data warehouse solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenche Reed

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The use of human biological material and related clinical information is central in basic research, translational research and clinical research. Extracting this information from hospital information systems is time-consuming and labor intensive. Establishing a data warehouse is a possible solution to extract the information in an efficient and secure way. An information model for a data warehouse has been developed at the Oslo University Hospital in collaboration with Akershus University Hospital. Being hospitals, the overall information model is patientcentered. The model also allows for appropriate data exchange between different organizations. The model is described with a focus on some of the major conditions for success with respect to the legal and organizational framework of Norwegian hospitals. A web-based information and tracking system for clinical biobanks is an important element of the model, and one of the aims of the national project Biobank Norway

  6. The research and application of the NDP protocol vulnerability attack and the defense technology based on SEND

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Huixing

    2017-05-01

    Neighbor discovery protocol (NDP) is the underlying protocol in the IPv6 protocol, which is mainly used to solve the problem of interconnection between nodes on the same link. But with wide use of IPV6, NDP becomes the main objects of a variety of attacks due to a lack of security mechanism. The paper introduces the working principle of the NDP and methods of how the SEND protocol to enhance NDP security defense. It also analyzes and summarizes the security threats caused by the defects of the protocol itself. On the basis of the SEND protocol, the NDP data packet structure is modified to enhance the security of the SEND. An improved NDP cheating defense technology is put forward to make up the defects of the SEND protocol which can't verify the correctness of the public key and cannot bind the MAC address.

  7. Robust Preallocated Preferential Defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    Frye , W.H. and Ullman, L.L., Methodology for Calculating Minuteman Defense Effectiveness, SRD-EGI4, Stanford Research Institute, October 1973. 4. Hogg...Corporation 1500 Wilson Boulevard Arlington, VA 22209 ATTN: Dr. Tucker Battle Dr. James Skouras Dr. Iram Weinstein Northrop Corporation 8900 E. Washington

  8. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment from April 1, 1999 to March 31, 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Inabe, Teruo; Kaneko, Tadao; Konoshima, Sigeru; Miura, M. Yushi; Nakamura, Kazuyuki [eds.] [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    2001-01-01

    In JT-60, some mechanical improvements of the centrifugal pellet injector have been done for stable production and successive ejection of pellet. In addition, a guide tube for an injection from top of high-field side was installed as well as the low-field side in February 2000. The injection power of electron cyclotron heating (ECH) system of the frequency of 110 GHz installed last year was increased up to {approx}0.75 MW for 2 seconds in this year using the control of RF beam angle. Two gyrotrons were newly installed with total power increased from 1 MW to 3 MW. Highlights of the JT-60 experiments in FY (Fiscal Year) 2000 may be summarized as follows: (1) A reversed shear discharge with an equivalent fusion multiplication factor Q{sub DT}{sup eq} of {approx}0.5 was achieved successfully at plasma current of 2.4 MA for 0.8 seconds. (2) Quasi-steady operation of low current reversed shear plasma with a large fraction ({approx}80%) of bootstrap current was realized under full non-inductive current drive condition. H-factor of 3.3-3.8 at electron density as high as 73% of the Greenwald limit was sustained for 6 times of the energy confinement time. (3) Normalized beta exceeding the ideal no-wall stability limit was obtained in reversed shear plasmas with a ratio of an outer-wall radius to a plasma minor radius less than 1.3. (4) L-H transition power was reduced by {approx}30% in the W-shaped divertor with pumping from both inside and outside slots compared with that in the open divertor. Helium exhaust rate in ELMy H-mode plasmas was improved up to 50% higher than the inside slot pumping. (5) Current drive efficiency of 1.3x10{sup 19} A/m{sup 2}/W was attained with the central electron temperature of 8.6 keV. The efficiency is about 2.6 times higher than that of 100 keV. On the JFT-2M, advanced and basic research of tokamak plasma is being produced including the application of the low activation ferritic steel. A dramatic reduction of trapped ion loss due to the

  9. Annual report of Naka Fusion Research Establishment from April 1, 1999 to March 31, 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Inabe, Teruo; Kaneko, Tadao; Konoshima, Sigeru; Miura, M. Yushi; Nakamura, Kazuyuki [eds.] [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    2001-01-01

    In JT-60, some mechanical improvements of the centrifugal pellet injector have been done for stable production and successive ejection of pellet. In addition, a guide tube for an injection from top of high-field side was installed as well as the low-field side in February 2000. The injection power of electron cyclotron heating (ECH) system of the frequency of 110 GHz installed last year was increased up to {approx}0.75 MW for 2 seconds in this year using the control of RF beam angle. Two gyrotrons were newly installed with total power increased from 1 MW to 3 MW. Highlights of the JT-60 experiments in FY (Fiscal Year) 2000 may be summarized as follows: (1) A reversed shear discharge with an equivalent fusion multiplication factor Q{sub DT}{sup eq} of {approx}0.5 was achieved successfully at plasma current of 2.4 MA for 0.8 seconds. (2) Quasi-steady operation of low current reversed shear plasma with a large fraction ({approx}80%) of bootstrap current was realized under full non-inductive current drive condition. H-factor of 3.3-3.8 at electron density as high as 73% of the Greenwald limit was sustained for 6 times of the energy confinement time. (3) Normalized beta exceeding the ideal no-wall stability limit was obtained in reversed shear plasmas with a ratio of an outer-wall radius to a plasma minor radius less than 1.3. (4) L-H transition power was reduced by {approx}30% in the W-shaped divertor with pumping from both inside and outside slots compared with that in the open divertor. Helium exhaust rate in ELMy H-mode plasmas was improved up to 50% higher than the inside slot pumping. (5) Current drive efficiency of 1.3x10{sup 19} A/m{sup 2}/W was attained with the central electron temperature of 8.6 keV. The efficiency is about 2.6 times higher than that of 100 keV. On the JFT-2M, advanced and basic research of tokamak plasma is being produced including the application of the low activation ferritic steel. A dramatic reduction of trapped ion loss due to the

  10. A participatory evaluation framework in the establishment and implementation of transdisciplinary collaborative centers for health disparities research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarinci, Isabel C; Moore, Artisha; Benjamin, Regina; Vickers, Selwyn; Shikany, James; Fouad, Mona

    2017-02-01

    We describe the formulation and implementation of a participatory evaluation plan for three Transdisciplinary Collaborative Centers for Health Disparities Research funded by the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities. Although different in scope of work, all three centers share a common goal of establishing sustainable centers in health disparities science in three priority areas - social determinants of health, men's health research, and health policy research. The logic model guides the process, impact, and outcome evaluation. Emphasis is placed on process evaluation in order to establish a "blue print" that can guide other efforts as well as assure that activities are being implemented as planned. We have learned three major lessons in this process: (1) Significant engagement, participation, and commitment of all involved is critical for the evaluation process; (2) Having a "roadmap" (logic model) and "directions" (evaluation worksheets) are instrumental in getting members from different backgrounds to follow the same path; and (3) Participation of the evaluator in the leadership and core meetings facilitates continuous feedback. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Research on Establishment of Comparative Safety Culturology%比较安全文化学的创建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秉; 吴超

    2016-01-01

    In order to establish a system of CSC,and promote the development of SC,the definition of CSC is proposed based on the definition of comparative science and SC,and its connotations and heoretical basis are ana-lyzed.Meanwhile,CSC’s comparative dimensions,levels and benchmark are explained,as well as CSC’s re-search contents that include contrastive research,a communication research and an overall research are proposed. Accordingly,structure system of CSC’s methodology is constructed,and CSC’s research process is analyzed.The results show that CSC’s research is an important way to SC’s research,and CSC’s establishment research can di-rect and promote CSC’s research and development.%为建立比较安全文化学(CSC)学科体系,以推动安全文化学(SC)发展,基于比较学与安全文化学的定义,提出比较安全文化学的定义,并分析其内涵与学科基础。在此基础上,阐释比较安全文化学的比较维度、层次和基准,提出比较安全文化学的对比研究、交流研究与整体研究三方面研究内容,构建比较安全文化学的研究方法论体系,并分析比较安全文化学的研究程序。结果表明:比较安全文化学研究是一种重要的安全文化学研究途径,比较安全文化学的建构研究可指导并推动比较安全文化学研究与发展。

  12. A Summary of the Rendezvous, Proximity Operations, Docking, and Undocking (RPODU) Lessons Learned from the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) Orbital Express (OE) Demonstration System Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennehy, Cornelius J.; Carpenter, James R.

    2011-01-01

    The Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GN&C) Technical Discipline Team (TDT) sponsored Dr. J. Russell Carpenter, a Navigation and Rendezvous Subject Matter Expert (SME) from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), to provide support to the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) Orbital Express (OE) rendezvous and docking flight test that was conducted in 2007. When that DARPA OE mission was completed, Mr. Neil Dennehy, NASA Technical Fellow for GN&C, requested Dr. Carpenter document his findings (lessons learned) and recommendations for future rendezvous missions resulting from his OE support experience. This report captures lessons specifically from anomalies that occurred during one of OE's unmated operations.

  13. Defense Strategies Against Modern Botnets

    CERN Document Server

    Stankovic, Srdjan

    2009-01-01

    Botnets are networks of compromised computers with malicious code which are remotely controlled and which are used for starting distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, sending enormous number of e-mails (SPAM) and other sorts of attacks. Defense against modern Botnets is a real challenge. This paper offers several strategies for defense against Botnets with a list and description of measures and activities which should be carried out in order to establish successful defense. The paper also offers parallel preview of the strategies with their advantages and disadvantages considered in accordance with various criteria.

  14. Defense Acquisition Policy and Defense Industrial Base Reinforcement Strategy - Enhancing the International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-23

    Korea Defense Industry Association (KDIA). (2007). Annual management review of Korean Defense Industry. Seoul: Author. Lee, D.O. (2000...COMPETITIVENESS OF THE KOREAN NATIONAL DEFENSE INDUSTRY Published: 23 April 2008 by Dr. Dae Ok Lee 5th Annual Acquisition Research Symposium of the...International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d

  15. Defense Science Board Task Force on Defense Strategies for Advanced Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    REPORT OF THE DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD TASK FORCE ON Defense Strategies for Advanced Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threats January 2017 Office of... Science Board (DSB). The DSB is a Federal Advisory Committee established to provide independent advice to the Secretary of Defense. Statements, opinions... Science Board Task Force on Defense Strategies for Advanced Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threats completed its information-gathering in February 2016

  16. NBA比赛第四节攻防特点的研究%Research on the Features of Offense and Defense in the Fourth Quarter of NBA Normals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯栋梁

    2012-01-01

    This paper studied defense situation of the fourth quarter in 2005 -2011 NBA normals by using literature, video observation and statistics, and initially summarized the possible cases in the fourth quarter of the game, which possibly was divided into 5 kinds and especially we focused on 3 kinds among them, and in general the research content mainly included conventional technical level statistic, tactical scores, defensive tactics and attack four aspects. Through the research on the general condition of attack and defensive tactics, we have put forward some corresponding suggestions in order to develop basketball competition level and provide some theoretical direction for various coaches and athletes in the fourth quarter and routine training.%采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法对2005-2011连续六个赛季NBA比赛第四节的攻防状况进行研究。第四节比赛可能出现的情况共10种,可分为5类,把其中的3类作为重点进行研究,研究内容主要包括常规技术统计,战术得分方式,防守战术和进攻时间4个方面。通过研究对各类的攻防状况进行了总结,并给出了相应的建议,旨在为篮球运动的发展以及为各级教练员和运动员在第四节的比赛和平时的训练提供一些参考依据。

  17. SUPPORT OF GULF OF MEXICO HYDRATE RESEARCH CONSORTIUM: ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT ESTABLISHMENT OF A SEA FLOOR MONITORING STATION PROJECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul Higley; J. Robert Woolsey; Ralph Goodman; Vernon Asper; Boris Mizaikoff; Angela Davis; Bob A. Hardage; Jeffrey Chanton; Rudy Rogers

    2006-03-01

    The Gulf of Mexico Hydrates Research Consortium was established in 1999 to assemble leaders in gas hydrates research. The group is administered by the Center for Marine Resources and Environmental Technology, CMRET, at the University of Mississippi. The primary objective of the group is to design and emplace a remote monitoring station or sea floor observatory on the sea floor in the northern Gulf of Mexico by the year 2005, in an area where gas hydrates are known to be present at, or just below, the sea floor. This mission necessitates assembling a station that will monitor physical and chemical parameters of the sea water and sea floor sediments on a more-or-less continuous basis over an extended period of time. Development of the station has always included the possibility of expanding its capabilities to include biological monitoring, as a means of assessing environmental health. This possibility has recently received increased attention and the group of researchers working on the station has expanded to include several microbial biologists. Establishment of the Consortium has succeeded in fulfilling the critical need to coordinate activities, avoid redundancies and communicate effectively among researchers in this relatively new research arena. Complementary expertise, both scientific and technical, has been assembled to promote innovative research methods and construct necessary instrumentation. Initial components of the observatory, a probe that collects pore-fluid samples and another that records sea floor temperatures, were deployed in Mississippi Canyon 118 in May of 2005. Follow-up deployments are planned for fall 2005 and center about the use of the vessel M/V Ocean Quest and its two manned submersibles. The subs will be used to effect bottom surveys, emplace sensors and sea floor experiments and make connections between sensor data loggers and the integrated data power unit (IDP). Station/observatory completion is anticipated for 2007 following the

  18. Using the Oldest Military Force for the Newest National Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Claus

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The National Guard is establishing Cyber Mission Teams (CMT that will fulfill a federal role to backfill active duty defending Department of Defense networks, but are also exploring how they could effectively fulfill state missions. The President, Council of Governors, and USCYBERCOM Commander have expressed concerns about U.S. critical infrastructure cyber network vulnerabilities and the increasing magnitude of threat our adversaries pose to those networks’ security. This article explores using this emerging National Guard capability in a state role for protection of critical infrastructure cyber networks. Most of the critical infrastructure is privately owned. Although current executive orders and policy mandate government sharing of cyber threat information, private providers’ reciprocation of sharing their vulnerabilities is voluntary. This article contends that effective cyber defense requires strong private-public partnerships. We developed a critical infrastructure cyber defense model based upon key characteristics from the literature on private-public partnerships and performed a case study of current cyber defense partnerships to validate the model. Our research shows this model to be a useful guide for emerging National Guard Cyber Mission Forces to consider when establishing partnerships for effective critical infrastructure cyber defense.

  19. SUPPORT OF GULF OF MEXICO HYDRATE RESEARCH CONSORTIUM: ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT ESTABLISHMENT OF A SEA FLOOR MONITORING STATION PROJECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J. Robert Woolsey; Tom McGee; Carol Lutken; Elizabeth Stidham

    2006-06-01

    The Gulf of Mexico Hydrates Research Consortium (GOM-HRC) was established in 1999 to assemble leaders in gas hydrates research. The Consortium is administered by the Center for Marine Resources and Environmental Technology, CMRET, at the University of Mississippi. The primary objective of the group is to design and emplace a remote monitoring station or sea floor observatory (MS/SFO) on the sea floor in the northern Gulf of Mexico by the year 2007, in an area where gas hydrates are known to be present at, or just below, the sea floor. This mission, although unavoidably delayed by hurricanes and other disturbances, necessitates assembling a station that will monitor physical and chemical parameters of the marine environment, including sea water and sea-floor sediments, on a more-or-less continuous basis over an extended period of time. In 2005, biological monitoring, as a means of assessing environmental health was added to the mission of the MS/SFO. Establishment of the Consortium has succeeded in fulfilling the critical need to coordinate activities, avoid redundancies and communicate effectively among researchers in the arena of gas hydrates research. Complementary expertise, both scientific and technical, has been assembled to promote innovative research methods and construct necessary instrumentation. The observatory has now achieved a microbial dimension in addition to the geophysical and geochemical components it had already included. Initial components of the observatory, a probe that collects pore-fluid samples and another that records sea floor temperatures, were deployed in Mississippi Canyon 118 in May of 2005. Follow-up deployments, planned for fall 2005, had to be postponed due to the catastrophic effects of Hurricane Katrina (and later, Rita) on the Gulf Coast. Every effort was made to locate and retain the services of a suitable vessel and submersibles or Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) following the storms and the loss of the contracted vessel

  20. A review of Delphi surveys conducted to establish research priorities by specialty nursing organizations from 1985 to 1995.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudy, S F

    1996-01-01

    Many nursing specialty organizations have completed Delphi surveys to establish their research priorities. The Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Nurses (SOHN) is currently conducting its own Delphi survey to the same end. This paper reviews the various Delphi methods employed by specialty nursing organizations on their members between 1985 and 1995. The studies reviewed are carefully limited to those commissioned by specialty nursing organizations and exclusive of those conducted by independent researchers who may have utilized specialty organization members. It presents an introduction to and definition of the Delphi methodology, as well as delving into methodologic and practical aspects of implementing a Delphi survey. It adds to the literature some information previously lacking on cost and time lines for studies, and will serve as a useful guide for future specialty nursing organizations who undertake a Delphi study as a novice effort. It intentionally does not recount the research priorities identified because it does not want to influence, in any way, responses of SOHN members involved in the ongoing Round I Delphi.

  1. Establishment of Motion Model for Wave Capture Buoy and Research on Hydrodynamic Performance of Floating-Type Wave Energy Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao Hongtao

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Floating-type wave energy converter has the advantages of high wave energy conversion efficiency, strong shock resistance ability in rough sea and stable output power. So it is regarded as a promising energy utilization facility. The research on hydrodynamic performance of wave capture buoys is the precondition and key to the wave energy device design and optimization. A simplified motion model of the buoys in the waves is established. Based on linear wave theory, the equations of motion of buoys are derived according to Newton’s second law. The factors of wave and buoys structural parameters on wave energy absorption efficiency are discussed in the China’s Bohai Sea with short wave period and small wave height. The results show that the main factor which affects the dynamic responses of wave capture buoys is the proximity of the natural frequency of buoys to the wave period. And the incoming wave power takes a backseat role to it at constant wave height. The buoys structural parameters such as length, radius and immersed depth, influence the wave energy absorption efficiency, which play significant factors in device design. The effectiveness of this model is validated by the sea tests with small-sized wave energy devices. The establishment methods of motion model and analysis results are expected to be helpful for designing and manufacturing of floating-type wave energy converter.

  2. Retraction of "Clinically established hemostatic scaffold (tissue fleece) as biomatrix in tissue- and organ-engineering research".

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    The Editors of Tissue Engineering are officially retracting the published article entitled "Clinically established hemostatic scaffold (tissue fleece) as biomatrix in tissue- and organ-engineering research," by Kofidis T, Akhyari P, Wachsmann B, Mueller-Stahl K, Boublik J, Ruhparwar A, Mertsching H, Balsam L, Robbins R, Haverich A. Tissue Eng 2003 Jun;9(3):517–523. This article is being retracted due to the discovery of multiple publications of identical data in the following three journals: Kofidis T, Akhyari P, Boublik J, Theodorou P, Martin U, Ruhparwar A, Fischer S, Eschenhagen T, Kubis HP, Kraft T, Leyh R, Haverich A. In vitro engineering of heart muscle: artificial myocardial tissue. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2002 Jul;124(1):63–69. Kofidis T, Akhyari P, Wachsmann B, Boublik J, Mueller-Stahl K, Leyh R, Fischer S, Haverich A. A novel bioartificial myocardial tissue and its prospective use in cardiac surgery. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2002 Aug;22(2):238–243. Kofidis T, Balsam L, de Bruin J, Robbins RC. Distinct cell-to-fiber junctions are critical for the establishment of cardiotypical phenotype in a 3D bioartificial environment. Med Eng Phys 2004 Mar;26(2):157–163. Tissue Engineering is committed to the highest standards of scientific content and integrity, and does not tolerate such improprieties.

  3. [Establishment of the mathematic model of total quantum statistical moment standard similarity for application to medical theoretical research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Fu-yuan; Deng, Kai-wen; Huang, Sheng; Liu, Wen-long; Shi, Ji-lian

    2013-09-01

    The paper aims to elucidate and establish a new mathematic model: the total quantum statistical moment standard similarity (TQSMSS) on the base of the original total quantum statistical moment model and to illustrate the application of the model to medical theoretical research. The model was established combined with the statistical moment principle and the normal distribution probability density function properties, then validated and illustrated by the pharmacokinetics of three ingredients in Buyanghuanwu decoction and of three data analytical method for them, and by analysis of chromatographic fingerprint for various extracts with different solubility parameter solvents dissolving the Buyanghanwu-decoction extract. The established model consists of four mainly parameters: (1) total quantum statistical moment similarity as ST, an overlapped area by two normal distribution probability density curves in conversion of the two TQSM parameters; (2) total variability as DT, a confidence limit of standard normal accumulation probability which is equal to the absolute difference value between the two normal accumulation probabilities within integration of their curve nodical; (3) total variable probability as 1-Ss, standard normal distribution probability within interval of D(T); (4) total variable probability (1-beta)alpha and (5) stable confident probability beta(1-alpha): the correct probability to make positive and negative conclusions under confident coefficient alpha. With the model, we had analyzed the TQSMS similarities of pharmacokinetics of three ingredients in Buyanghuanwu decoction and of three data analytical methods for them were at range of 0.3852-0.9875 that illuminated different pharmacokinetic behaviors of each other; and the TQSMS similarities (ST) of chromatographic fingerprint for various extracts with different solubility parameter solvents dissolving Buyanghuanwu-decoction-extract were at range of 0.6842-0.999 2 that showed different constituents

  4. Support of Gulf of Mexico Hydrate Research Consortium: Activities to Support Establishment of a Sea Floor Monitoring Station Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carol Lutken

    2006-09-30

    The Gulf of Mexico Hydrates Research Consortium (GOM-HRC) was established in 1999 to assemble leaders in gas hydrates research. The Consortium is administered by the Center for Marine Resources and Environmental Technology, CMRET, at the University of Mississippi. The primary objective of the group is to design and emplace a remote monitoring station or sea floor observatory (MS/SFO) on the sea floor in the northern Gulf of Mexico by the year 2007, in an area where gas hydrates are known to be present at, or just below, the sea floor. This mission, although unavoidably delayed by hurricanes and other disturbances, necessitates assembling a station that will monitor physical and chemical parameters of the marine environment, including sea water and sea-floor sediments, on a more-or-less continuous basis over an extended period of time. In 2005, biological monitoring, as a means of assessing environmental health, was added to the mission of the MS/SFO. Establishment of the Consortium has succeeded in fulfilling the critical need to coordinate activities, avoid redundancies and communicate effectively among researchers in the arena of gas hydrates research. Complementary expertise, both scientific and technical, has been assembled to promote innovative research methods and construct necessary instrumentation. The observatory has now achieved a microbial dimension in addition to the geophysical, geological, and geochemical components it had already included. Initial components of the observatory, a probe that collects pore-fluid samples and another that records sea floor temperatures, were deployed in Mississippi Canyon 118 in May of 2005. Follow-up deployments, planned for fall 2005, had to be postponed due to the catastrophic effects of Hurricane Katrina (and later, Rita) on the Gulf Coast. Station/observatory completion, anticipated for 2007, will likely be delayed by at least one year. The CMRET has conducted several research cruises during this reporting period

  5. SUPPORT OF GULF OF MEXICO HYDRATE RESEARCH CONSORTIUM: ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT ESTABLISHMENT OF A SEA FLOOR MONITORING STATION PROJECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul Higley; J. Robert Woolsey; Ralph Goodman; Vernon Asper; Boris Mizaikoff; Angela Davis; Bob A. Hardage; Jeffrey Chanton; Rudy Rogers

    2006-05-18

    The Gulf of Mexico Hydrates Research Consortium (GOM-HRC) was established in 1999 to assemble leaders in gas hydrates research. The primary objective of the group has been to design and emplace a remote monitoring station or sea floor observatory (MS/SFO) on the sea floor in the northern Gulf of Mexico by the year 2005, in an area where gas hydrates are known to be present at, or just below, the sea floor. This mission, although unavoidably delayed by hurricanes and other disturbances, necessitates assembling a station that will monitor physical and chemical parameters of the sea water and sea floor sediments on a more-or-less continuous basis over an extended period of time. Development of the station has always included the possibility of expanding its capabilities to include biological monitoring, as a means of assessing environmental health. This possibility has recently achieved reality via the National Institute for Undersea Science and Technology's (NIUST) solicitation for proposals for research to be conducted at the MS/SFO. Establishment of the Consortium has succeeded in fulfilling the critical need to coordinate activities, avoid redundancies and communicate effectively among researchers in the arena of gas hydrates research. Complementary expertise, both scientific and technical, has been assembled to promote innovative research methods and construct necessary instrumentation. The observatory has achieved a microbial dimension in addition to the geophysical and geochemical components it had already included. Initial components of the observatory, a probe that collects pore-fluid samples and another that records sea floor temperatures, were deployed in Mississippi Canyon 118 in May of 2005. Follow-up deployments, planned for fall 2005, have had to be postponed and the use of the vessel M/V Ocean Quest and its two manned submersibles sacrificed due to the catastrophic effects of Hurricane Katrina (and later, Rita) on the Gulf Coast. Every effort is

  6. Antioxidative defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanović Jelka

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Free radicals occur constantly during metabolism and take part in numerous physiological processes, such as: intra-cellular and inter-cellular signalization, gene expression, removal of damaged or senescent cells, and control of the tone of blood vessels. However, there is an increased quantity of free radicals in situations of so-called oxidative stress, when they cause serious damage to cellular membranes (peroxidation of their lipids, damage of membrane proteins, and similar, to interior cellular protein molecules, as well as DNA molecules and carbohydrates. This is precisely why the organism has developed numerous mechanisms for removing free radicals and/or preventing their production. Some of these are enzyme-related and include superoxide-dismutase, catalase, glutathione-peroxidase, and others. Other, non-enzyme mechanisms, imply antioxidative activities of vitamins E and C, provitamin A, coenzyme Q, reduced glutation, and others. Since free radicals can leave the cell that has produced them and become dispersed throughout the body, in addition to antioxidative defense that functions within cellular structures, antioxidant extra-cellular defense has also been developed. This is comprised by: transferrin, lactoferrin, haptoglobin, hemopexin, ceruloplasmin, albumins, extra-cellular isoform SOD, extracellular glutathione-peroxidase, glucose, bilirubin, urates, and many other molecules.

  7. 舰机协同防空作战系统网络复杂特性研究%Warship-aircraft cooperatively air defense operation system complex network characteristics research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐圣良; 李旭涌

    2013-01-01

    两栖作战中战斗机与舰艇协同作战是防空的有效手段,这2种作战平台的作战系统进行信息共享是战斗力生成的一种途径.本文采用复杂网络理论分析舰机协同防空作战系统结构,建立作战系统网络的物理连接拓扑模型,通过定量计算分析网络的统计特性,并对结果进行仿真,得出该网络具有复杂网络特点的结论.本研究为提高作战系统的对抗毁伤、抗网络病毒和抗蓄意攻击能力提出建议.%Cooperatively operation between warship and aircraft is an effective method in air defense in amphibious operation,the operation systems between these two platforms to share information is a way to create combat efficiency.Warship-aircraft cooperation air defense operation system's structure is analyzed by complex network theory,operation system network physical connection topological model is established,network' s statistics characteristics are analyzed after quantitative calculation,the result is simulated.Conclusion:the network has some complex network characteristics.This research provides some advises to enhance operation system's capability to resist destroy,network viruses and targeted attacks.

  8. Support of Gulf of Mexico Hydrate Research Consortium: Activities to Support Establishment of a Sea Floor Monitoring Station Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J. Robert Woolsey; Thomas M. McGee; Carol Blanton Lutken; Elizabeth Stidham

    2007-03-31

    The Gulf of Mexico Hydrates Research Consortium (GOM-HRC) was established in 1999 to assemble leaders in gas hydrates research. The Consortium is administered by the Center for Marine Resources and Environmental Technology, CMRET, at the University of Mississippi. The primary objective of the group is to design and emplace a remote monitoring station or sea floor observatory (MS/SFO) on the sea floor in the northern Gulf of Mexico by the year 2007, in an area where gas hydrates are known to be present at, or just below, the sea floor. This mission, although unavoidably delayed by hurricanes and other disturbances, necessitates assembling a station that will monitor physical and chemical parameters of the marine environment, including sea water and sea-floor sediments, on a more-or-less continuous basis over an extended period of time. In 2005, biological monitoring, as a means of assessing environmental health, was added to the mission of the MS/SFO. Establishment of the Consortium has succeeded in fulfilling the critical need to coordinate activities, avoid redundancies and communicate effectively among researchers in the arena of gas hydrates research. Complementary expertise, both scientific and technical, has been assembled to promote innovative research methods and construct necessary instrumentation. The observatory has now achieved a microbial dimension in addition to the geophysical, geological, and geochemical components it had already included. Initial components of the observatory, a probe that collects pore-fluid samples and another that records sea floor temperatures, were deployed in Mississippi Canyon 118 (MC118) in May of 2005. Follow-up deployments, planned for fall 2005, had to be postponed due to the catastrophic effects of Hurricane Katrina (and later, Rita) on the Gulf Coast. Station/observatory completion, anticipated for 2007, will likely be delayed by at least one year. These delays caused scheduling and deployments difficulties but many

  9. Offset implementations for Turkey's International Defense Acquisitions

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    MBA Professional Report "Offsets" is the umbrella term for a broad range of industrial and commercial "compensatory" practices. Specifically, offset agreements in the defense environment are increasing globally as a percentage of exports. Developed countries with established defense industries use offsets to channel work or technology to their domestic defense companies. Countries with newly industrialized economies are utilizing both military and commercial related offsets that involv...

  10. Establishing the role of honest broker: bridging the gap between protecting personal health data and clinical research efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyo Joung Choi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. The objective of this study is to propose the four conditions for the roles of honest brokers through a review of literature published by ten institutions that are successfully utilizing honest brokers. Furthermore, the study aims to examine whether the Asan Medical Center’s (AMC honest brokers satisfy the four conditions, and examine the need to enhance their roles.Methods. We analyzed the roles, tasks, and types of honest brokers at 10 organizations by reviewing the literature. We also established a Task Force (TF in our institution for setting the roles and processes of the honest broker system and the honest brokers. The findings of the literature search were compared with the existing systems at AMC—which introduced the honest broker system for the first time in Korea.Results. Only one organization employed an honest broker for validating anonymized clinical data and monitoring the anonymity verifications of the honest broker system. Six organizations complied with HIPAA privacy regulations, while four organizations did not disclose compliance. By comparing functions with those of the AMC, the following four main characteristics of honest brokers were determined: (1 de-identification of clinical data; (2 independence; (3 checking that the data are used only for purposes approved by the IRB; and (4 provision of de-identified data to researchers. These roles were then compared with those of honest brokers at the AMC.Discussion. First, guidelines that regulate the definitions, purposes, roles, and requirements for honest brokers are needed, since there are no currently existing regulations. Second, Korean clinical research institutions and national regulatory departments need to reach a consensus on a Korean version of Limited Data Sets (LDS, since there are no lists that describe the use of personal identification information. Lastly, satisfaction surveys on honest brokers by researchers are necessary to improve the quality of

  11. Establishing the role of honest broker: bridging the gap between protecting personal health data and clinical research efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Hyo Joung; Lee, Min Joung; Choi, Chang-Min; Lee, JaeHo; Shin, Soo-Yong; Lyu, Yungman; Park, Yu Rang; Yoo, Soyoung

    2015-01-01

    Background. The objective of this study is to propose the four conditions for the roles of honest brokers through a review of literature published by ten institutions that are successfully utilizing honest brokers. Furthermore, the study aims to examine whether the Asan Medical Center's (AMC) honest brokers satisfy the four conditions, and examine the need to enhance their roles. Methods. We analyzed the roles, tasks, and types of honest brokers at 10 organizations by reviewing the literature. We also established a Task Force (TF) in our institution for setting the roles and processes of the honest broker system and the honest brokers. The findings of the literature search were compared with the existing systems at AMC-which introduced the honest broker system for the first time in Korea. Results. Only one organization employed an honest broker for validating anonymized clinical data and monitoring the anonymity verifications of the honest broker system. Six organizations complied with HIPAA privacy regulations, while four organizations did not disclose compliance. By comparing functions with those of the AMC, the following four main characteristics of honest brokers were determined: (1) de-identification of clinical data; (2) independence; (3) checking that the data are used only for purposes approved by the IRB; and (4) provision of de-identified data to researchers. These roles were then compared with those of honest brokers at the AMC. Discussion. First, guidelines that regulate the definitions, purposes, roles, and requirements for honest brokers are needed, since there are no currently existing regulations. Second, Korean clinical research institutions and national regulatory departments need to reach a consensus on a Korean version of Limited Data Sets (LDS), since there are no lists that describe the use of personal identification information. Lastly, satisfaction surveys on honest brokers by researchers are necessary to improve the quality of honest

  12. Priming of antiherbivore defensive responses in plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jinwon Kim; Gary W.Felton

    2013-01-01

    Defense priming is defined as increased readiness of defense induction.A growing body of literature indicates that plants (or intact parts of a plant) are primed in anticipation of impending environmental stresses,both biotic and abiotic,and upon the following stimulus,induce defenses more quickly and strongly.For instance,some plants previously exposed to herbivore-inducible plant volatiles (HIPVs) from neighboring plants under herbivore attack show faster or stronger defense activation and enhanced insect resistance when challenged with secondary insect feeding.Research on priming of antiherbivore defense has been limited to the HIPV-mediated mechanism until recently,but significant advances were made in the past three years,including non-HIPV-mediated defense priming,epigenetic modifications as the molecular mechanism of priming,and others.It is timely to consider the advances in research on defense priming in the plantinsect interactions.

  13. Department of Defense Healthcare Management System Modernization (DHMSM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Department of Defense Healthcare Management System Modernization (DHMSM) Defense...Secretary of Defense PB - President’s Budget RDT&E - Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation SAE - Service Acquisition Executive TBD - To Be...DSN Fax: Date Assigned: November 16, 2015 Program Information Program Name Department of Defense Healthcare Management System Modernization

  14. Defensive research on SYN Flood attack%SYN Flood攻击的防御性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟威; 薛仁政; 姜永曾; 吴迪

    2015-01-01

    SYN Flood attack is one of the popular attack in distributed denial of service attack.The attack is mainly the use of loopholes in the agreement,sending a large number of the source IP address forgery attack messages,in order to make the target system resource depletion.For the effective prevention of SYN Flood attack,it describes in kinds of SYN Flood attack defense measures,in order that legitimate users access to network resource.%SYN Flood 攻击是分布式拒绝服务攻击中流行的攻击方式之一。这种攻击主要是利用协议的漏洞,发送大量伪造的源IP地址的攻击报文,使目标系统资源耗尽。为了有效地防范SYN Flood的攻击,描述了几种防御SYN Flood攻击的措施,使合法用户正常访问网络资源。

  15. Support of Gulf of Mexico Hydrate Research Consortium: Activities of Support Establishment of a Sea Floor Monitoring Station Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J. Robert Woolsey; Thomas McGee; Carol Lutken

    2008-05-31

    The Gulf of Mexico Hydrates Research Consortium (GOM-HRC) was established in 1999 to assemble leaders in gas hydrates research that shared the need for a way to conduct investigations of gas hydrates and their stability zone in the Gulf of Mexico in situ on a more-or-less continuous basis. The primary objective of the group is to design and emplace a remote monitoring station or sea floor observatory (SFO) on the sea floor in the northern Gulf of Mexico, in an area where gas hydrates are known to be present at, or just below, the sea floor and to discover the configuration and composition of the subsurface pathways or 'plumbing' through which fluids migrate into and out of the hydrate stability zone (HSZ) to the sediment-water interface. Monitoring changes in this zone and linking them to coincident and perhaps consequent events at the seafloor and within the water column is the eventual goal of the Consortium. This mission includes investigations of the physical, chemical and biological components of the gas hydrate stability zone - the sea-floor/sediment-water interface, the near-sea-floor water column, and the shallow subsurface sediments. The eventual goal is to monitor changes in the hydrate stability zone over time. Establishment of the Consortium succeeded in fulfilling the critical need to coordinate activities, avoid redundancies and communicate effectively among those involved in gas hydrates research. Complementary expertise, both scientific and technical, has been assembled to promote innovative methods and construct necessary instrumentation. Following extensive investigation into candidate sites, Mississippi Canyon 118 (MC118) was chosen by consensus of the Consortium at their fall, 2004, meeting as the site most likely to satisfy all criteria established by the group. Much of the preliminary work preceding the establishment of the site - sensor development and testing, geophysical surveys, and laboratory studies - has been reported in

  16. Support of Gulf of Mexico Hydrate Research Consortium: Activities of Support Establishment of a Sea Floor Monitoring Station Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J. Robert Woolsey; Thomas McGee; Carol Lutken

    2008-05-31

    The Gulf of Mexico Hydrates Research Consortium (GOM-HRC) was established in 1999 to assemble leaders in gas hydrates research that shared the need for a way to conduct investigations of gas hydrates and their stability zone in the Gulf of Mexico in situ on a more-or-less continuous basis. The primary objective of the group is to design and emplace a remote monitoring station or sea floor observatory (SFO) on the sea floor in the northern Gulf of Mexico, in an area where gas hydrates are known to be present at, or just below, the sea floor and to discover the configuration and composition of the subsurface pathways or 'plumbing' through which fluids migrate into and out of the hydrate stability zone (HSZ) to the sediment-water interface. Monitoring changes in this zone and linking them to coincident and perhaps consequent events at the seafloor and within the water column is the eventual goal of the Consortium. This mission includes investigations of the physical, chemical and biological components of the gas hydrate stability zone - the sea-floor/sediment-water interface, the near-sea-floor water column, and the shallow subsurface sediments. The eventual goal is to monitor changes in the hydrate stability zone over time. Establishment of the Consortium succeeded in fulfilling the critical need to coordinate activities, avoid redundancies and communicate effectively among those involved in gas hydrates research. Complementary expertise, both scientific and technical, has been assembled to promote innovative methods and construct necessary instrumentation. Following extensive investigation into candidate sites, Mississippi Canyon 118 (MC118) was chosen by consensus of the Consortium at their fall, 2004, meeting as the site most likely to satisfy all criteria established by the group. Much of the preliminary work preceding the establishment of the site - sensor development and testing, geophysical surveys, and laboratory studies - has been reported in

  17. The importance of natural history and research collections to environmental reconstruction and remediation, and the establishment of shifting baselines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roopnarine, P. D.; Anderson, L.; Roopnarine, D.; Gillikin, D. P.; Leal, J.

    2012-12-01

    The Earth's environments are changing more rapidly today than at almost any time in the Phanerozoic. These changes are driven by human activities, and include climate change, landscape alteration, fragmentation and destruction, environmental pollution, species overexploitation, and invasive species. The rapidity of the changes challenges our best efforts to document what is changing, how it has changed, and what has been lost. Central to these efforts, therefore, is the proper documentation, archiving and curation of past environments. Natural history and other research collections form the core of this documentation, and have proven vital to recent studies of environmental change. Those collections are, however, generally under-utilized and under-appreciated by the general research community. Also, their utility is hampered by insufficient availability of the data, and the very nature of what has been collected in the past. Past collections emphasized a typological approach, placing emphasis on individual specimens and diversity, whether geological or biological, while what is needed today is greater emphasis on archiving entire environments. The concept of shifting baselines establishes that even on historical time scales, the notion of what constitutes an unaltered environment is biased by a lack of documentation and understanding of environments in the recent past. Baselines are necessary, however, for the proper implementation of mitigating procedures, for environmental restoration or remediation, and for predicting the near-term future. Here we present results from a study of impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (DWH) on the American oyster Crassostrea virginica. Natural history collections of specimens from the Gulf and elsewhere have been crucial to this effort, and serve as an example of how important such collections are to current events. We are examining the effects of spill exposure on shell growth and tissue development, as well as the potential

  18. Serious Games: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency: An Interview with Innovation Information Office Program Manager CAPT Russell Shilling, PhD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    Dr. Shilling received his Doctor of Philosophy in Experimental Psychology (Auditory Psychophysics/Neuroscience) from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro in 1992 and his Bachelor of Arts in Psychology at Wake Forest University in 1985. In 1993 he graduated with top honors from Aerospace Experimental Psychologist training-Naval Flight Surgeon Class 93002. In 1996, he served as an Assistant/Associate Professor at the U.S. Air Force Academy in the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership. In 2000, he arrived at the Naval Postgraduate School as an Associate Professor in the Operations Research and Systems Engineering Departments and became Technical Director for Immersive Technologies in the Modeling, Virtual Environments, and Simulation Institute. His military decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal (three awards), the Navy Commendation Medal, and the Navy Achievement Medal. He is also the recipient of the American Hospital Association's 2009 Executive Award for Excellence.

  19. The Swedish National Defence Research Establishment and the plans for Swedish nuclear weapons; Foersvarets forskningsanstalt och planerna paa svenska kaernvapen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jonter, Thomas [Uppsala Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of History

    2001-03-01

    This study analyses the Swedish nuclear weapons research since 1945 carried out by the Swedish National Defence Research Establishment (FOA). The most important aspect of this research was dealing with protection in broad terms against nuclear weapons attacks. However, another aspect was also important from early on - to conduct research aiming at a possible production of nuclear weapons. FOA performed an extended research up to 1968, when the Swedish Government signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which meant the end of these production plans. Up to this date, five main investigations about the technical conditions were made, 1948, 1953, 1955, 1957 and 1965, which all together expanded the Swedish know-how to produce a bomb. The Swedish plans to procure nuclear weapons were not an issue in the debate until the mid 50's. The reason for this was simple, prior to 1954 the plans were secretly held within a small group of involved politicians, military and researchers. The change of this procedure did take place when the Swedish Supreme Commander in a public defence report in 1954 favoured a Swedish Nuclear weapons option. In 1958 FOA had reached a technical level that allowed the Parliament to make a decision. Two programs were proposed - the L-programme (the Loading Programme), to be used if the parliament would say yes to a production of nuclear weapons, and the S-programme (the Protection Programme), if the Parliament would say no. The debate on the issue had now created problems for the Social Democratic Government. The Prime Minister, Tage Erlander, who had earlier defended a procurement of nuclear weapons, was now forced to reach a compromise. The compromise was presented to the parliament in a creative manner that meant that only the S-programme would be allowed. The Government argued that the technical level did allow a 'freedom of action' up to at least the beginning of the 60's when Sweden was mature to make a decision on the issue

  20. 移动目标防御技术研究进展%Research and Development of Moving Target Defense Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡桂林; 王宝生; 王天佐; 罗跃斌; 王小峰; 崔新武

    2016-01-01

    易攻难守是当前网络安全面临的核心问题之一。移动目标防御为解决这一问题提供了一种全新思路,其核心思想是通过内部可管理的方式对被保护目标的攻击面实施持续性的动态变换以迷惑攻击者,从而增加攻击者实施成功攻击的代价和复杂度,降低其攻击成功的概率,提高系统弹性和安全性。首先对移动目标防御的基本概念加以介绍,并依据研究内容的不同对已有的研究成果进行分类;然后对每类成果加以描述、分析和总结;最后对当前研究现状进行总结,并对未来研究方向进行了展望。%Nowadays ,network configurations are typically deterministic ,static ,and homogeneous . These features reduce the difficulties for cyber attackers scanning the network to identify specific targets and gather essential information ,which gives the attackers asymmetric advantages of building up ,launching and spreading attacks .Thus the defenders are always at a passive position ,and the existing defense mechanisms and approaches cannot reverse this situation . Moving target defense (M TD) is proposed as a new revolutionary technology to alter the asymmetric situation of attacks and defenses .It keeps moving the attack surface of the protected target through dynamic shifting ,which can be controlled and managed by the administrator . In this way , the attack surface exposed to attackers appears chaotic and changes over time . Therefore , the work effort ,i .e ., the cost and complexity ,for the attackers to launch a successful attack ,will be greatly increased .As a result ,the probability of successful attacks will be decreased ,and the resiliency and security of the protected target will be enhanced effectively .In this paper ,we firstly introduce the basic concepts of M TD ,and classify the related works into categories according to their research field .Then ,under each category , we give a detailed description on the

  1. SQL注入攻击与防御技术研究%Research on SQL Injection Attack and Defense Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文生; 乐德广; 刘伟

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid development of computer network technology, the human is more and more reliance on the ubiquitous network, and a series of network security problem that make people pay more attention on it. At present, the SQL injection attack has become one of the primary means of hacking by hackers. This paper introduces the principle of SQL injection, depth study on the cause of SQL injection and actual combat encounter common SQL injection attack, proposed a new SQL injection detection techniques and tools to achieve in practice on the basis of actual penetration testing, and provides strong technical support for future testing SQL injection attacks or provides powerful guarantee for the information system in the SQL injection defense.%随着计算机网络技术的飞速发展,人们对无处不在的网络依赖程度越来越高,随之而来的一系列网络安全问题也越来越受到人们的重视.目前,SQL注入攻击已成为了黑客攻击的主要手段之一.文章介绍了SQL注入原理,对产生SQL注入原因以及实战中遇到的常见SQL注入攻击方式进行了深入研究,并在实际渗透测试的实践基础上提出一种新的SQL注入检测技术及工具实现,为日后测试SQL注入攻击提供有力的技术支持,为信息系统在SQL注入防御方面提供有力保障.

  2. Avian host defense peptides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuperus, Tryntsje; Coorens, Maarten; van Dijk, Albert; Haagsman, Henk P

    2013-11-01

    Host defense peptides (HDPs) are important effector molecules of the innate immune system of vertebrates. These antimicrobial peptides are also present in invertebrates, plants and fungi. HDPs display broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and fulfill an important role in the first line of defense of many organisms. It is becoming increasingly clear that in the animal kingdom the functions of HDPs are not confined to direct antimicrobial actions. Research in mammals has indicated that HDPs have many immunomodulatory functions and are also involved in other physiological processes ranging from development to wound healing. During the past five years our knowledge about avian HDPs has increased considerably. This review addresses our current knowledge on the evolution, regulation and biological functions of HDPs of birds.

  3. SUPPORT OF GULF OF MEXICO HYDRATE RESEARCH CONSORTIUM: ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT ESTABLISHMENT OF A SEA FLOOR MONITORING STATION PROJECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul Higley; J. Robert Woolsey; Ralph Goodman; Vernon Asper; Boris Mizaikoff; Angela Davis

    2005-09-01

    A Consortium, designed to assemble leaders in gas hydrates research, has been established at the University of Mississippi's Center for Marine Resources and Environmental Technology, CMRET. The primary objective of the group is to design and emplace a remote monitoring station on the sea floor in the northern Gulf of Mexico by the year 2005, in an area where gas hydrates are known to be present at, or just below, the sea floor. This mission necessitates assembling a station that will monitor physical and chemical parameters of the sea water and sea floor sediments on a more-or-less continuous basis over an extended period of time. Development of the station allows for the possibility of expanding its capabilities to include biological monitoring, as a means of assessing environmental health. Establishment of the Consortium has succeeded in fulfilling the critical need to coordinate activities, avoid redundancies and communicate effectively among researchers in this relatively new research arena. Complementary expertise, both scientific and technical, has been assembled to promote innovative research methods and construct necessary instrumentation. Noteworthy achievements six months into the extended life of this cooperative agreement include: (1) Progress on the vertical line array (VLA) of sensors: Analysis and repair attempts of the VLA used in the deep water deployment during October 2003 have been completed; Definition of an interface protocol for the VLA DATS to the SFO has been established; Design modifications to allow integration of the VLA to the SFO have been made; Experience gained in the deployments of the first VLA is being applied to the design of the next VLAs; One of the two planned new VLAs being modified to serve as an Oceanographic Line Array (OLA). (2) Progress on the Sea Floor Probe: The decision to replace the Sea Floor Probe technology with the borehole emplacement of a geophysical array was reversed due to the 1300m water depth at the

  4. SUPPORT OF GULF OF MEXICO HYDRATE RESEARCH CONSORTIUM: ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT ESTABLISHMENT OF A SEA FLOOR MONITORING STATION PROJECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul Higley; J. Robert Woolsey; Ralph Goodman; Vernon Asper; Boris Mizaikoff; Angela Davis

    2005-11-01

    A Consortium, designed to assemble leaders in gas hydrates research, has been established at the University of Mississippi's Center for Marine Resources and Environmental Technology, CMRET. The primary objective of the group is to design and emplace a remote monitoring station on the sea floor in the northern Gulf of Mexico by the year 2005, in an area where gas hydrates are known to be present at, or just below, the sea floor. This mission necessitates assembling a station that will monitor physical and chemical parameters of the sea water and sea floor sediments on a more-or-less continuous basis over an extended period of time. Development of the station allows for the possibility of expanding its capabilities to include biological monitoring, as a means of assessing environmental health. Establishment of the Consortium has succeeded in fulfilling the critical need to coordinate activities, avoid redundancies and communicate effectively among researchers in this relatively new research arena. Complementary expertise, both scientific and technical, has been assembled to promote innovative research methods and construct necessary instrumentation. Noteworthy achievements one year into the extended life of this cooperative agreement include: (1) Progress on the vertical line array (VLA) of sensors: (1a) Repair attempts of the VLA cable damaged in the October >1000m water depth deployment failed; a new design has been tested successfully. (1b) The acoustic modem damaged in the October deployment was repaired successfully. (1c) Additional acoustic modems with greater depth rating and the appropriate surface communications units have been purchased. (1d) The VLA computer system is being modified for real time communications to the surface vessel using radio telemetry and fiber optic cable. (1e) Positioning sensors--including compass and tilt sensors--were completed and tested. (1f) One of the VLAs has been redesigned to collect near sea floor geochemical data. (2

  5. NETL to establish Dynamic Simulation Research and Training Center to promote IGCC technology with CO2 cpture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Provost, G.; Zitney, S.; Turton, R.; Erbes, M.; Stone, H.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Liese, E.; McClintock, M.; Quintrell, M.

    2009-01-01

    To meet increasing demand for education and experience with commercial-scale, coal-fired, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants with CO2 capture, the Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is leading a project to deploy a generic, full-scope, real-time IGCC dynamic plant simulator for use in establishing a world-class research and training center, and to promote and demonstrate IGCC technology to power industry personnel. The simulator, being built by Invensys Process Systems (IPS), will be installed at two separate sites, at NETL and West Virginia University (WVU), and will combine a process/gasification simulator with a power/combined-cycle simulator together in a single dynamic simulation framework for use in engineering research studies and training applications. The simulator, scheduled to be launched in mid-year 2010, will have the following capabilities: High-fidelity, dynamic model of process-side (gasification and gas cleaning with CO2 capture) and power-block-side (combined cycle) for a generic IGCC plant fueled by coal and/or petroleum coke. Highly flexible configuration that allows concurrent training on separate gasification and combined cycle simulators, or up to two IGCC simulators. Ability to enhance and modify the plant model to facilitate studies of changes in plant configuration, equipment, and control strategies to support future R&D efforts. Training capabilities including startup, shutdown, load following and shedding, response to fuel and ambient condition variations, control strategy analysis (turbine vs. gasifier lead, etc.), representative malfunctions/trips, alarms, scenarios, trending, snapshots, data historian, etc. To support this effort, process descriptions and control strategies were developed for key sections of the plant as part of the detailed functional specification, which is serving as the basis of the simulator development. In this paper, we highlight the contents of the

  6. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Volume 2. Navy Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards from FY 1988 SBIR Solicitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    RELATIVELY INEXPENSIVE, AND EASY TO APPLY. CENTRA TECHNOLOGY INC 3204 MONROE ST - STE 300 ROCKVILLE, MD 20852 CONTRACT NUMBER: ROBERT E BLASE TITLE: MULTIPATH...RESEARCH CORP 625 EAST ST FAIRPORT HARBOR, OH 44077 CONTRACT NUMBER: MARILYN J NIKSA TITLE: THE ALUMINUM/AIR FUEL CELL: AN ADVANCED POWER SOURCE FOR

  7. Dynamic WTA optimization model of air defense operation of warships' formation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Jinjun; Cong Rong; Xiong Jiguang

    2006-01-01

    WTA (weapon-target allocation) of air defense operation is a very complicated problem and current models focus on static and restricted WTA problem mostly. Based on the dynamic characteristics of air defense operational command and decision of warships' formation, a dynamic WTA model is established. Simulation results show that switch fire and repetition fire of anti-air weapon systems affect the result of the air defense operation remarkably and the dynamic model is more satisfying than static ones. Related results are gained based on the analysis of the simulation results and the results are accordant with the intuitionistic tactical judgment. The model is some reference for the research of air defense C3I system of warships' formation.

  8. Historical Perspectives: A Review and Evaluation of 76 Studies of the Defense Research Enterprise, 1945-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    Management , which claimed that the Deputy Director of Research & Engineering lacked the “information base and control systems” necessary to make such an...The quality of specific R&D budget and management recommendations will, of course, be affected by the quality of these strategic forecasts . If...knowledge produced through R&D  Management and control over national security R&D must be firmly in the hands of full-time Government officials who are

  9. Introduction to Nanotechnology for Defense Environment, Health & Safety (EHS) and Research Professionals in Support of the Acquisition Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-28

    www.denix.osd.mil/MERIT Ultra fine particles ~50 1713- Ramazzini described black 197 4- First GMO lung disease mouse created by Jaenisch Diesel...exhaust Engineered NP _____ _,.? • GMO Technology 1985- Oberdorster described inhalation toxicity of Ti02 2003-lssue recognized by EPA, NIOSH...other agencies 2004- California pass broad ban on GMO products Growing Body of EHS Research Far-reaching implications or singular exceptions

  10. Job Satisfaction Levels of Employees in Hotel Establisments: A Research on Employees in Resort and City Hotel Establishments

    OpenAIRE

    Elbeyi Pelit; Yüksel Öztürk

    2010-01-01

    No matter in which sector they function, the job satisfaction of the employees at desired level has the utmost importance for the employees’ performance and organizational efficiency. In this respect, applications and studies related to defining job satisfaction and the factors affecting job satisfaction also have importance for establishments to provide data sources to perfrom their functions in the long term. For this reason, establishments should revise their employees’ job satisfaction le...

  11. Research on Internal Defense Characteristic of the Great Wall Poluo Castle of the Ming Dynasty%明长城波罗堡内部防御特征研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李柯; 袁静

    2013-01-01

    Fort is defensive settlement form of China's ancient Ming along the Great Wal , once widely distributed in Yulin City. Taking the Poluo Fort as the research object, this paper analyzes the composition of the Poluo Fort internal defense f-unction, and points out the defensive characteristic role and value.%  堡寨是我国古代明长城沿线的防御性聚落形式,曾经广泛分布。文章以榆林市波罗堡作为研究对象,分析了波罗堡内部防御功能的构成,并分别指出了防御特性的作用与价值。

  12. REKONSTRUKSI PEMBENTUKAN NATIONAL CYBER DEFENSE SEBAGAI UPAYA MEMPERTAHANKAN KEDAULATAN NEGARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Khalimatus Sa'diyah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Anxiety against cybercrime has become the world’s attention, but not all countries in the world is giving greater attention to the problem of cybercrime by having the rule and unless the developed countries and some developing countries. The purpose of this research is in order to find, examine and analyze the efforts of the Indonesia Government in the protection of State secrets information and data, also to research the forms of Indonesia Government resistance against cyber war. Find a reconstruction of national cyber defense formation or cyber army in an attempt to defend the sovereignty of the country. In Act No. 3 of 2002 on State Defense, it has been established that the threat in the country’s defense system consists of a military threat and non-military threat, which is including cyber threats. One of the negative effects of the cyber world development via the internet among other things is a crime in violation of the law cybercrime, where when the escalation widely spread, it could have threatened the country’s sovereignty, territorial integrity or the safety of the nation. In an effort to combat against the attacks in this virtual world, will require an agency that is in charge of being the world’s bulwark cyber or cyber defense.

  13. Department of Defense Chemical and Biological Defense Program. Volume 2: FY2002-2004 Performance Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-04-01

    Complete research studies for the development of vaccine candidates for WEE virus. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Program...encephalitic alphaviruses. Continue research for the development of vaccine candidates for EEE virus infection. Test promising vaccine candidates for

  14. 计算机病毒的研究与防范%Computer Virus Research and Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程巧玲

    2013-01-01

    With the continuous development of Internet technology, the network has become essential to people's production and life of the subject. However, the ensuing dangers of computer viruses, Trojan horses on a variety of computer abuse, often leading to people's personal information theft, and even computer system crashes. Therefore, we use a computer daily, you should establish a virus prevention awareness, learn some basic knowledge of computer viruses, while actively take preventive measures to protect the computer. In this paper, the characteristics of computer viruses, classification, hazards departure analyzed, and on computer virus prevention measures put forward some suggestions.%随着互联网技术的不断发展,网络逐渐成为了人们生产生活中必不可少的主题。但是随之而来的计算机病毒的危害、各种木马对计算机的侵害,常常导致人们的个人资料失窃,甚至电脑系统的崩溃。所以,我们在计算机的日常使用过程中,应该树立病毒防范意识,学习一些计算机病毒的基础知识,同时积极采取防范措施对计算机进行保护。该文从计算机病毒的特点、分类、危害出发进行了分析,并就计算机病毒的防范措施提出了几点建议。

  15. Air Force Research Laboratory Integrated Omics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    the goals of Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) is the development of new methods to assess warfighter performance by using advanced...Objective (DTO) project. The research project (MD.34 Biotechnology for Near-Real-Time Predictive Toxicology ) aimed to identify biomarkers of toxicity...Technology, established in discovery work in 2001, and has provided technical support to many researchers in the Department of Defense (DoD). The

  16. Survey of Laboratories and Implementation of the Federal Defense Laboratory Diversification Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    Defense Technology Transfer Working Group AGENCY...Director, Defense Research and Engineering. ACTION: solicitation in inputs for defense technology transfer . The Defense Technology Transfer Working...DAILY, 2.3 July 1993 Detense Nuclear Agency, 6801 Telegraph Road, Alexandria,, VA 22310D-3398 A - SOURCES SOUGHT FOR INPUTS FOR DEFENSE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

  17. Defense Science Board Task Force on Military Satellite Communication and Tactical Networking. Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    product of the Defense Science Board (DSB). The DSB is a Federal Advisory Committee established to provide independent advice to the Secretary of Defense...December 2014, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD(AT&L)) signed the “Terms of Reference – Defense Science ...Board Task Force on Military Satellite Communication and Tactical Networking.” As a result, the Chairman of the Defense Science Board established a

  18. Bases for standardization and nutritional assessment of salmorejo cordobés: Research about salmorejo in catering establishments of Cordoba

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Rojas, Rafael; Moreno Ortega, Alicia; Medina Canalejo, Luis M; Vioque Amor, Montserrat; Cámara Martos, Fernando

    2016-02-16

    Background: Salmorejo is gaining national reputation and international recognition. However, there are many different forms to prepare it and, therefore, the organoleptic and nutritional properties of the plateful may differ. Material and methods: In order to make standardization of salmorejoand its ways of production, which allow the protection of its identity and, furthermore, its nutritional characterization, around the 83% of catering establishments were surveyed in Cordoba (excluding suburbs and industrial area), to investigate how they produce this dish, as to name, ingredients, preparation, price, etc. They were personally given a survey with 55 questions divided into 6 sections. Results: The result is that only 21% of establishments used the name “salmorejo cordobés”, the ingredients used, consistently statistically adjusted to a previous proposal of systematization and nutritional assessment, based on literature data and broadcast in over 50 languages which corresponds to 1.000 g tomato, 200 g telerabread, 100 g of extra virgin olive oil, 5 g Montalbangarlic and 10g of salt. Then, 100g of this product corresponds to 117.4 kcal, 1.8 g protein, 8.1 g fat, 9.9 g carbohydrate, 1.2 g fiber and 380.7 mg of sodium. A minority of the establishments used vinegar like an extra ingredient (18% of surveys) and the majority used little pieces of ham and boiled egg as garnish. While more than 25% add a trickle of oil on the finished product. It is made mainly through glass mixer or food processor, being the majority recipe used form of family origin. Although salmorejowas traditionally considered a food for summer, 78% of establishments have it all year round. 94% of establishments consider it among the ten most ordered dishes, and in 18% it is the most ordered dish of the establishment. There is no relationship between the amount of salmorejo served with the price of the plateful, the latter being in line with other prices of the rest of establishment. Conclusions

  19. Research on the Strategy on Defense DOS/DDOS Attack on Internet%互联网防御DOS/DDOS攻击策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏

    2012-01-01

      It mainly presents the principle of DOS/DDOS attack and the variety, focuses on the strategies on defense DOS/DDOS attack. Combined with professional defense system, it discusses the construction of the defense architecture.%  主要介绍DOS/DDOS攻击的原理与种类,并着重介绍防御DOS/DDOS攻击的应对策略,并结合专业防御系统对构建专业防御体系进行了探讨。

  20. Science and technology needs: Integrated research and development, the path to gaining a defensible understanding on watch list'' tank risk and interim stabilization needs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, B.M.; Mellinger, G.; Strachan, D.; Hallen, R.

    1991-09-01

    The watch list'' waste tanks at the Hanford Site in Washington state are those that the Secretary of the Department of Energy reports upon to the Congress because of the unresolved safety question. As such, they are subject to intense surveillance and an enhanced list of controls and safety procedures. The objective of the Waste Tank Safety Program is to mitigate the safety concerns with respect to these tanks, thereby removing them from the watch list.'' The essential step in this process is the development of a defensible position that reduce the risk of these tanks to an acceptable level. An integrated research and development (R D) program is believed to be the most cost-effective means of achieving the information required to mitigate the safety concern and to resolve the safety issues. This program uses chemical and physical modeling studies of synthetic waste, is substantiated with limited field data and radioactive samples from a tank, and uses numerical modeling to extrapolate results to actual tank-scale operations. 3 refs., 4 figs.

  1. The methodological defense of realism scrutinized.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wray, K Brad

    2015-12-01

    I revisit an older defense of scientific realism, the methodological defense, a defense developed by both Popper and Feyerabend. The methodological defense of realism concerns the attitude of scientists, not philosophers of science. The methodological defense is as follows: a commitment to realism leads scientists to pursue the truth, which in turn is apt to put them in a better position to get at the truth. In contrast, anti-realists lack the tenacity required to develop a theory to its fullest. As a consequence, they are less likely to get at the truth. My aim is to show that the methodological defense is flawed. I argue that a commitment to realism does not always benefit science, and that there is reason to believe that a research community with both realists and anti-realists in it may be better suited to advancing science. A case study of the Copernican Revolution in astronomy supports this claim.

  2. Protecting the Self: Defense Mechanisms in Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, Phebe

    2006-01-01

    Integrating theory, research, and practical applications, this book provides a comprehensive examination of defense mechanisms and their role in both normal development and psychopathology. The author describes how children and adults mobilize specific kinds of defenses to maintain their psychological equilibrium and preserve self-esteem,…

  3. Acquisition Research Program Homepage

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Includes an image of the main page on this date and compressed file containing additional web pages. Established in 2003, Naval Postgraduate School’s (NPS) Acquisition Research Program provides leadership in innovation, creative problem solving and an ongoing dialogue, contributing to the evolution of Department of Defense acquisition strategies.

  4. Research on Establishment Methods of FTire Model%FTire模型的建立方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严金霞; 张开斌; 谢飞; 王国林; 朱茂桃

    2011-01-01

    Based on familiarizing structure and characteristics of Ftire model, the establishment methods are provided in virtual prototype ADAMS software and the meridian tire Ftire model is established by the proper test model parameters. By analyzing the simulation statistics data of different spacing 3D equivalent volume road, it is concluded that Ftire model is able to divide automatically grid according to demand, but its optimal mesh grid spacing is 20 mm. The establishment of Ftire model provides an effective way to construct the tire database for vehicle dynamics analysis.%在熟悉FTire模型结构及其特性基础上,提出一种基于虚拟样机软件ADAMS的建立方法,并通过适当的测试模型参数,建立了子午线轮胎的FTire模型.通过分析不同间距的三维等效容积路面仿真统计数据,可知FTire模型可以根据需求自动划分网格,但其最佳网格间距为20mm.FTire模型的建立为进一步进行车辆动力学分析提供了有效的轮胎模型.

  5. Developing Criteria to Establish Trusted Digital Repositories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Faundeen

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper details the drivers, methods, and outcomes of the U.S. Geological Survey’s quest to establish criteria by which to judge its own digital preservation resources as Trusted Digital Repositories. Drivers included recent U.S. legislation focused on data and asset management conducted by federal agencies spending $100M USD or more annually on research activities. The methods entailed seeking existing evaluation criteria from national and international organizations such as International Standards Organization (ISO, U.S. Library of Congress, and Data Seal of Approval upon which to model USGS repository evaluations. Certification, complexity, cost, and usability of existing evaluation models were key considerations. The selected evaluation method was derived to allow the repository evaluation process to be transparent, understandable, and defensible; factors that are critical for judging competing, internal units. Implementing the chosen evaluation criteria involved establishing a cross-agency, multi-disciplinary team that interfaced across the organization.

  6. Developing criteria to establish Trusted Digital Repositories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faundeen, John L.

    2017-01-01

    This paper details the drivers, methods, and outcomes of the U.S. Geological Survey’s quest to establish criteria by which to judge its own digital preservation resources as Trusted Digital Repositories. Drivers included recent U.S. legislation focused on data and asset management conducted by federal agencies spending $100M USD or more annually on research activities. The methods entailed seeking existing evaluation criteria from national and international organizations such as International Standards Organization (ISO), U.S. Library of Congress, and Data Seal of Approval upon which to model USGS repository evaluations. Certification, complexity, cost, and usability of existing evaluation models were key considerations. The selected evaluation method was derived to allow the repository evaluation process to be transparent, understandable, and defensible; factors that are critical for judging competing, internal units. Implementing the chosen evaluation criteria involved establishing a cross-agency, multi-disciplinary team that interfaced across the organization. 

  7. Multidimensional Perfectionism and Ego Defenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickinson, Wendy L.; Ashby, Jeffrey S.

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between multidimensional perfectionism and ego defense style among 130 college students. Cluster analysis results facilitated the identification of groups of adaptive perfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and non-perfectionists. The researchers found that identified maladaptive perfectionists used…

  8. Multidimensional Perfectionism and Ego Defenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickinson, Wendy L.; Ashby, Jeffrey S.

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between multidimensional perfectionism and ego defense style among 130 college students. Cluster analysis results facilitated the identification of groups of adaptive perfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and non-perfectionists. The researchers found that identified maladaptive perfectionists used…

  9. Analytics for Cyber Network Defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plantenga, Todd. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Kolda, Tamara Gibson [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2011-06-01

    This report provides a brief survey of analytics tools considered relevant to cyber network defense (CND). Ideas and tools come from elds such as statistics, data mining, and knowledge discovery. Some analytics are considered standard mathematical or statistical techniques, while others re ect current research directions. In all cases the report attempts to explain the relevance to CND with brief examples.

  10. Bridging the Gap: establishing the necessary infrastructure and knowledge for teaching and research in neuroscience in Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusuf, Sadiq; Baden, Tom; Prieto-Godino, Lucia L

    2014-06-01

    Advances in neuroscience research over the last few decades have increased our understanding of how individual neurons acquire their specific properties and assemble into complex circuits, and how these circuits are affected in disease. One of the important motives driving neuroscience research is the development of new scientific techniques and interdisciplinary cooperation. Compared to developed countries, many countries on the African continent are confronted with poor facilities, lack of funding or career development programs for neuroscientists, all of which deter young scientists from taking up neuroscience as a career choice. This article highlights some steps that are being taken to promote neuroscience education and research in Africa.

  11. Research on Attack-defense of PHP Web Application Upload Vulnerability%PHP Web应用程序上传漏洞的攻防研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦鲲鹏; 葛志辉; 杨波

    2015-01-01

    基于PHP(hypertext preprocessor)的Web应用程序是目前互联网中使用最为广泛的Web应用,一旦PHP Web应用程序出现安全漏洞,系统中存储的数据和用户的安全就受到很大的威胁。因此,PHP Web应用程序的安全漏洞受到越来越多的关注,如何对PHP Web应用程序进行安全防护已经成为当前研究的一大热点。在PHP Web安全中出现概率很大而且危害也很大的攻击有跨站脚本漏洞、SQL注入漏洞、代码执行漏洞及上传漏洞等。目前在跨站脚本漏洞、SQL注入漏洞和代码执行漏洞等领域都已经有了系统的攻防研究,特别是SQL注入漏洞更是人们关注的热点。而针对PHP Web应用程序上传漏洞却缺少系统性的攻防研究,一些防范方法也已经过时,很多攻击技术和防范方法都没有涉及。文章首先对PHP Web应用上传漏洞进行了全面详细的分析,接着给出具体详细的防护措施,最后总结出PHP Web应用程序文件上传功能的安全开发建议。%The Web application set up by PHP (hypertext preprocessor) is the most widely use in the Internet. Once the PHP Web application with security vulnerability, the security of the data and the users of the system is greatly threaten. Because of this, the security vulnerability of PHP Web applications is getting more and more attention. How to secure the PHP Web application protection has become a hot spot in the research of the current. There is a lot of probability and the damage is great attack in the security of PHP Web. They are XSS vulnerability, SQL injection vulnerability, code execution vulnerability and upload vulnerability etc. So far, there has been a system of defensive research in XSS, SQL vulnerabilities and code execution vulnerability and other fields, the SQL injection is more popular in the top. Correspondingly, the Web PHP applications of upload vulnerability are lack of a systematic attack and defense research

  12. Synthetic Plant Defense Elicitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin eBektas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To defend themselves against invading pathogens plants utilize a complex regulatory network that coordinates extensive transcriptional and metabolic reprogramming. Although many of the key players of this immunity-associated network are known, the details of its topology and dynamics are still poorly understood. As an alternative to forward and reverse genetic studies, chemical genetics-related approaches based on bioactive small molecules have gained substantial popularity in the analysis of biological pathways and networks. Use of such molecular probes can allow researchers to access biological space that was previously inaccessible to genetic analyses due to gene redundancy or lethality of mutations. Synthetic elicitors are small drug like molecules that induce plant defense responses, but are distinct from known natural elicitors of plant immunity. While the discovery of the some synthetic elicitors had already been reported in the 1970s, recent breakthroughs in combinatorial chemical synthesis now allow for inexpensive high-throughput screens for bioactive plant defense-inducing compounds. Along with powerful reverse genetics tools and resources available for model plants and crop systems, comprehensive collections of new synthetic elicitors will likely allow plant scientists to study the intricacies of plant defense signaling pathways and networks in an unparalleled fashion. As synthetic elicitors can protect crops from diseases, without the need to be directly toxic for pathogenic organisms, they may also serve as promising alternatives to conventional biocidal pesticides, which often are harmful for the environment, farmers and consumers. Here we are discussing various types of synthetic elicitors that have been used for studies on the plant immune system, their modes-of-action as well as their application in crop protection.

  13. 物流企业文化体系构建探究%Research on Establishing Logistics Enterprise Cultural System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉杰

    2012-01-01

    在概述企业文化内涵和特征的基础上,分析了企业文化在物流企业发展中的作用,构建了多层次的物流企业文化体系,以实现“文化制胜”.%In this paper, on the basis of an introduction of the intension and characteristics of enterprise culture, we analyzed the significance of enterprise culture in the development of logistics enterprises, established the multi-layered logistics enterprise cultural system to realize "winning through culture".

  14. Establishment of the Database for Medical Scientiifc Researches%医学科研数据仓库的建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟凤杰; 费晓璐; 洪松林; 庄映辉

    2013-01-01

    应用面向主题的数据仓库技术,将我院现有的电子化业务数据中有关临床医学的海量数据进行整合,以集成的电子化数据形成医学科研的专用数据仓库。利用该独立的医学科研数据仓库,使得科研人员可对历史的全部海量数据进行在线的、实时的、深入的分析,挖掘和共享临床科研数据,帮助提高各级医学技术人员的科研能力和效率。%Application of the subject-oriented data base technology contributes to integration of massive clinical medical data derived from the current digital business data base of the hospital as well as construction of the special data base for medical scientiifc researches. The independent and integrated data base for medical scientiifc researches provides the researchers with a platform to implement on-line, real-time and in-depth analysis on the massive historical data. Mining and sharing the clinical research data will help to improve the ability and efifciency of scientiifc researches for medical technical personnel at all levels.

  15. The Radiopharmaceuticals Production and Research Centre established by the Heavy Ion Laboratory of the University of Warsaw

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choiński J.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Radiopharmaceuticals Production and Research Centre was recently installed on the premises of the Heavy Ion Laboratory, University of Warsaw. Equipped with a medical PETtrace p/d cyclotron , radiochemistry synthesis and dispensing units and a modern quality control laboratory the Centre is intended to produce regularly for commercial purposes the classic PET radiopharmaceuticals ( such -as e.g. FDG- . Situated on the largest Warsaw scientific campus OCHOTA, an important part of the Centre’s activities will also be devoted to the production of known species for preclinical studies and research into innovative radiopharmaceuticals in collaboration with other scientific units of this Campus as well as with members of the Warsaw Consortium for PET Collaboration. Research into the accelerator production route of 99mTc will also begin shortly.

  16. Establishing an Empirical Link between Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) and SLA: A Meta-Analysis of the Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Huifen

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on interactionist and socio-cultural theories, tools provided in computer-mediated communication (CMC) environments have long been considered able to create an environment that shares many communicative features with face-to-face communication. Over the past two decades, researchers have employed a variety of strategies to examine the…

  17. Establishing and Sustaining Research-Based Practices at Centennial School: A Descriptive Case Study of Systemic Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, David N.; George, Michael P.; Fogt, Julie B.

    2005-01-01

    There has recently been increased attention given to the widely perceived gap between research and practice in school psychology and education. The purpose of this article is to describe how Centennial School of Lehigh University, an alternative day school for students with emotional and behavioral disorders, was able to successfully implement and…

  18. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's Environmental Research Programs Established in the 1950s

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reichle, D.E.

    1999-09-22

    In 1946 the United States (U.S.) Congress passed the Atomic Energy Act and with it created the Atomic Energy Commission. For the ensuing half-century the AEC and its successors have pursued biological and environmental research with an unwavering mandate to exploit the use of fissionable and radioactive material for medical purposes and, at the same time, to ensure the health of it's workers, the public, and the environment during energy technology development and use (AEC. 1961; DOE 1983; DOE, 1997). The following pages are testimony to the success of this undeviating vision (Figure 1). From the early days of the AEC, cooperation has also linked researchers from the national laboratories, the academic community, and the private sector. The AEC-sponsored research both at national laboratories and universities, and also supported graduate students to develop a cadre of health physicists, radiation biologists, and nuclear engineers. Coordinating these diverse performers has been crucial to the unique teaming that has made many of the successes possible. The success of the biological and environmental research program has often been shared with other federal agencies. The future will demand even stronger and more substantive intraagency, interagency, and international collaborations.

  19. Establishing an Empirical Link between Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) and SLA: A Meta-Analysis of the Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Huifen

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on interactionist and socio-cultural theories, tools provided in computer-mediated communication (CMC) environments have long been considered able to create an environment that shares many communicative features with face-to-face communication. Over the past two decades, researchers have employed a variety of strategies to examine the…

  20. Establishing research strategies, methodologies and technologies to link genomics and proteomics to seagrass productivity, community metabolism and ecosystem carbon fluxes

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    A complete understanding of the mechanistic basis of marine ecosystem functioning is only possible through integrative and interdisciplinary research.This enables the predictionof change and possibly the mitigation of the consequences ofanthropogenic impacts. One major aim of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action ES0609 “Seagrasses productivity. From genes to ecosystem management,” is the calibration and synthesis of various methods and the development o...

  1. On the Importance of PhD Institute in Establishing a Long-Term Research Career in Astronomy

    CERN Document Server

    Gibson, B K; Vassiliadis, E; Sevenster, M N; Jones, D H; Thornberry, R K; Gibson, Brad K.; Buxton, Michelle; Vassiliadis, Emanuel; Sevenster, Maartje N.; Thornberry, Rebecca K.

    1999-01-01

    We have examined the success rates of 19 American, Canadian, Australian, and Dutch graduate programs in producing astronomers. A 20-year baseline was considered (1975-1994), incorporating 897 PhD recipients. The major conclusion from our study is that the fraction of PhD graduates still involved in astronomical research is surprisingly insensitive to the institutional source of one's PhD. With few exception, 55-75% of graduates, regardless of PhD source, remain active in the astronomical research community. While it remains true that graduates of so-called ``prestigious'' programs preferentially populate the same, it is also clear that an abundance of opportunities exist at smaller ``non-prestigious'' institutions, liberal arts colleges, government, and industry. The latter, of course, generally carry enhanced administrative and/or teaching duties, but, on the other hand, do not entirely preclude a role in the research community. A Kepler-Meier survival analysis of two disparate institutes demonstrates that `...

  2. Reflections on Establishing Research-oriented Hospital%创建研究型医院的若干思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高社; 肖明

    2012-01-01

    创建研究型医院,是军队医院建设发展的理论创新和实践创新,是全面建设现代卫勤的有机组成部分,是军队医院管理深刻、系统、全面的整体转型,既是长期的战略目标,又是紧迫的现实任务.主要依靠理论、机制、制度、技术、管理创新,增强发展潜力,提高发展质量.应当在管理机制、成本控制、服务意识、评价标准等方面有所作为.%Building research - oriented hospitals is a innovation both theoretically and practically in the developing process of military hospitals, which becomes the organic component in building modern logistics in all round way. Building research - oriented hospitals means management. It is a long term strategic objective as well as an urgent realistic task, which mainly depends on the innovation of theory, mechanism, institution, technology and management, intending to strengthen potential and improve quality of this development. The author believes that management mechanism, cost control, service awareness and evaluation standard should be on the first place considering that this is only the primary stage at this moment towards building research - oriented hospitals.

  3. Establishing research strategies, methodologies and technologies to link genomics and proteomics to seagrass productivity, community metabolism, and ecosystem carbon fluxes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzuca, Silvia; Björk, M; Beer, S; Felisberto, P; Gobert, S; Procaccini, G; Runcie, J; Silva, J; Borges, A V; Brunet, C; Buapet, P; Champenois, W; Costa, M M; D'Esposito, D; Gullström, M; Lejeune, P; Lepoint, G; Olivé, I; Rasmusson, L M; Richir, J; Ruocco, M; Serra, I A; Spadafora, A; Santos, Rui

    2013-01-01

    A complete understanding of the mechanistic basis of marine ecosystem functioning is only possible through integrative and interdisciplinary research. This enables the prediction of change and possibly the mitigation of the consequences of anthropogenic impacts. One major aim of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action ES0609 "Seagrasses productivity. From genes to ecosystem management," is the calibration and synthesis of various methods and the development of innovative techniques and protocols for studying seagrass ecosystems. During 10 days, 20 researchers representing a range of disciplines (molecular biology, physiology, botany, ecology, oceanography, and underwater acoustics) gathered at The Station de Recherches Sous-marines et Océanographiques (STARESO, Corsica) to study together the nearby Posidonia oceanica meadow. STARESO is located in an oligotrophic area classified as "pristine site" where environmental disturbances caused by anthropogenic pressure are exceptionally low. The healthy P. oceanica meadow, which grows in front of the research station, colonizes the sea bottom from the surface to 37 m depth. During the study, genomic and proteomic approaches were integrated with ecophysiological and physical approaches with the aim of understanding changes in seagrass productivity and metabolism at different depths and along daily cycles. In this paper we report details on the approaches utilized and we forecast the potential of the data that will come from this synergistic approach not only for P. oceanica but for seagrasses in general.

  4. Establishment of a Representative Practice-based Research Network (PBRN) for the Monitoring of Primary Care in Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selby, Kevin; Cornuz, Jacques; Senn, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    Data are urgently needed to better understand processes of care in Swiss primary care (PC). A total of 2027 PC physicians, stratified by canton, were invited to participate in the Swiss Primary care Active Monitoring network, of whom 200 accepted to join. There were no significant differences between participants and a random sample drawn from the same physician databases based on sex, year of obtaining medical school diploma, or location. The Swiss Primary care Active Monitoring network represents the first large-scale, nationally representative practice-based research network in Switzerland and will provide a unique opportunity to better understand the functioning of Swiss PC.

  5. Establishing research strategies, methodologies and technologies to link genomics and proteomics to seagrass productivity, community metabolism and ecosystem carbon fluxes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia eMazzuca

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A complete understanding of the mechanistic basis of marine ecosystem functioning is only possible through integrative and interdisciplinary research. This enables the prediction of change and possibly the mitigation of the consequences of anthropogenic impacts. One major aim of the COST Action ES0609 Seagrasses productivity. From genes to ecosystem management, is the calibration and synthesis of various methods and the development of innovative techniques and protocols for studying seagrass ecosystems.During ten days, twenty researchers representing a range of disciplines (molecular biology, physiology, botany, ecology, oceanography, underwater acoustics gathered at the marine station of STARESO (Corsica to study together the nearby Posidonia oceanica meadow. The Station de Recherches Sous-marine et Océanographiques (STARESO is located in an oligotrophic area classified as "pristine site" where environmental disturbances caused by anthropogenic pressure are exceptionally low. The healthy P. oceanica meadow, that grows in front of the lab, colonizes the sea bottom from the surface to 37 m depth. During the study, genomic and proteomic approaches were integrated with ecophysiological and physical approaches with the aim of understanding changes in seagrass productivity and metabolism at different depths and along daily cycles. In this paper we report details on the approaches utilized and we forecast the potential of the data that will come from this synergistic approach not only for P. oceanica but for seagrasses in general.

  6. Establishing the boundaries and building bridges: a literature review on ecological theory: implications for research into the refugee parenting experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Nombasa

    2010-03-01

    Currently an ecological model for conceptualizing and capturing the refugee parenting experience is lacking. After an extensive review of the literature related to the usages of Bronfenbrenner's ecological model of child development, a gap was found in knowledge and research centred on describing the environment of pre-resettlement (i.e. pre-flight, flight, migration, camp) contexts and their impact on refugee parents and carer experiences. The culture of the refugee parenting experience may be characterized by disruptions in and alterations to family structure and organization; values and norms; and gender roles. This paper begins by examining the definition and usages of existing ecological frameworks in the 20th and 21st century. Particular attention is drawn to the gaps in the existing literature and an ecological model is offered. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications for practice. The outcomes of this paper suggest the need for practitioners, policymakers and researchers to engage and develop culturally competent, relevant and appropriate interventions (i.e. reconciling differing beliefs and behaviours concerning child-rearing practices; affirming positive parenting practices of these families during engagement protocols and processes; adopting a strengths-based orientation) in the area of child protection whilst at the same time safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children within pre- and post-resettlement contexts.

  7. Pharmacists’ communication with Spanish-speaking patients: a review of the literature to establish an agenda for future research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilworth, Thomas; Mott, Dave; Young, Henry

    2010-01-01

    Background Spanish-speaking people represent more than 12% of the total population in the United States and are poised to become the largest minority group in the U.S. by 2015. Although researchers have studied pharmacist-patient communication for approximately 30 years, little emphasis has been placed on the interactions between pharmacists and Spanish-speaking patients. Objective The objectives of this review are 1) to describe empirical studies on Spanish-speaking patient/pharmacist communication examined relative to patient factors, pharmacist factors, and environmental factors that may influence Spanish-speaking patient/pharmacist communication and 2) to integrate medical and nursing literature to generate a research agenda for future study in this area. Methods We compiled articles from a systematic review of (1) CINAHL, International Pharmacy Abstracts, Pub Med, and Web of Knowledge databases using “Hispanic limited English proficiency”, “Latino limited English proficiency”, “language-assistance services”, “Spanish-speaking patients”, “Latino patients”, “Spanish-speaking health literacy”, “pharmacy health literacy”, “patient-provider communication”, “pharmacy language barriers”, (2) bibliographies of selected articles. Results This search generated 1,174 articles, 7 of which met the inclusion criteria. We categorized the results into four topic areas: “Spanish-speaking patient literacy,” “pharmacists knowledge of/proficiency in the Spanish language,” “pharmacy resources to overcome language barriers,” and “pharmacists’ attitudes towards communicating with Spanish-speaking patients.” Conclusions These studies provide a macroscopic look at the linguistic services offered in pharmacies, gaps in services, and their subsequent impact on pharmacists and patients. Future research should investigate Spanish-speaking patients’ literacy issues, pharmacy staff language skills, factors that influence pharmacists

  8. Defense Science Board Summer Study on Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Autonomy completed  its information gathering in August 2015. The report was cleared for open  publication by the DoD Office of  Security  Review on June 1...operation  CRASH  Clean‐Slate Design of Resilient, Adaptive,  Secure  Hosts  DARPA  Defense Advanced Research and Projects Agency  DCA  defensive counter air...DIA  Defense Intelligence Agency  DISA  Defense Information Systems Agency  DLA  Defense Logistics Agency  DNS   domain name service  DoD  Department

  9. 国防项目群风险管理应用研究%Application Research on Risk Management of National Defense Project group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭良

    2015-01-01

    本文通过对国防项目群概念与特征的论述,以及对其风险类型与特性的分析,提出国防项目群全项目集风险管理、全要素风险分析、全团队风险管控的三维风险管理思想,并结合典型国防项目模型,对国防项目群开展过程中风险的管控方式、风险要素、管理责任等进行阐述.%This paper proposed a risk management idea, which is the unified risk management of a defense project group, combined with analysis of the total factor risk and the participation of whole team members, based on the discussion of the concept and features of national defense project group, and analysis of the project group risk's types and characteristics. Using the typical defense project model, this paper described a method of risk management, a total factor risk, and responsibilities of project members in a national defense project group.

  10. Dendrochronological research in an artificially established sessile oak stand in the area of Fruška Gora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stajić Branko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the first regional research of the chronologies of sessile oak trees and definition of the local (master chronology of sessile oak in the area of Fruška Gora. In addition, the aim of this study is to determine the strength of the common signal in the growth of sessile oak and its dendroclimatological potential under the given conditions. The quality of the local series of radial increment (chronology and the strength of the common and climatic signals were evaluated using the following parameters: average mean sensitivity, expressed population signal, signal-to-noise ratio and the variance explained by eigenvectors in the procedure of analysis of the principal components. The results have shown that the obtained master chronologies are of satisfactory quality and reliability, and that they contain a sufficient general common ”signal”, which is a characteristic of all analyzed trees that can be processed in all dendroclimatological analyses. It was concluded that, under the investigated site conditions, sessile oak showed low to medium sensitivity of reaction to the modifications of environmental conditions in the past 90 years. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije: Šumski zasadi u funkciji povećanja pošumljenosti Srbije

  11. Establishment and Characterization of Baboon Embryonic Stem Cell Lines An Old World Primate Model for Regeneration and Transplantation Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simerly, Calvin R.; Navara, Christopher S.; Castro, Carlos A.; Turpin, Janet C.; Redinger, Carrie J.; Mich-Basso, Jocelyn D.; Jacoby, Ethan S.; Grund, Kevin J.; McFarland, David A.; Oliver, Stacie L.; Ben-Yehudah, Ahmi; Carlisle, Diane L.; Frost, Patricia; Penedo, Cecilia; Hewitson, Laura; Schatten, Gerald

    2010-01-01

    Here we have developed protocols using the baboon as a complementary alternative Old World Primate to rhesus and other macaques which have severe limitations in their availability. Baboons are not limited as research resources, they are evolutionarily closer to humans and the multiple generations of pedigreed colonies which display complex human disease phenotypes all support their further optimization an invaluable primate model. Since neither baboon assisted reproductive technologies nor baboon embryonic stem cells (ESCs) have been reported, here we describe the first derivations and characterization of baboon ESC lines from IVF-generated blastocysts. Two ESCs lines (BabESC-4 and BabESC-15) display ESC morphology, express pluripotency markers (Oct-4, hTert, Nanog, Sox-2, Rex-1, TRA1–60, TRA1–81), and maintain stable euploid female karyotypes with parentage confirmed independently. They have been grown continuously for >430 and 290 days, respectively. Teratomas from both lines have all three germ layers. Availabilities of these BabESCs represent another important resource for stem cell biologists. PMID:19393591

  12. Research of risk control problems in national defense universities laboratory equipment procurement%国防类高校实验室设备采购风险控制问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张原; 李鑫; 杜兴号

    2012-01-01

    As a national investment,the defense universities equipment tendering procurement is used to be the means to ensure the national defense science and technology research. In the conventional implementation process,due to the interference of various risk factors,the efficiency and results of procurement exist a certain deviation with the research needs. Therefore, the methods of studying defense research laboratory equipment bidding risk analysis and risk control have become an important issue that should be resolved as soon as possible for the defense universities even institutes. With the theory of corporate risk management and project risk management, combining the characteristics of bidding risk in the public sector , focusing on the analysis of the risks and losses caused by the defense research equipment in the bidding, this article proposes appropriate control strategies on this basis.%国防类高校设备招标采购作为国家投资,用于保障国防科技研究的手段,在以往的实施过程中,由于受到各种风险因素的干扰,采购的效率、结果与科研需要存在一定的偏离.因此,研究国防科研实验设备招标采购风险分析与风险控制的方法,成为国防类高校乃至研究所当前应尽快解决的重要课题.借助企业风险管理和项目风险管理理论,结合公共部门招标采购风险的特点,重点分析国防科研仪器设备在招标采购中存在的风险及其造成的损失,在此基础之上,提出相应的控制策略.

  13. CLOUDS, AEROSOLS, RADIATION AND THE AIR-SEA INTERFACE OF THE SOUTHERN OCEAN: ESTABLISHING DIRECTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wood, Robert [University of Washington; Bretherton, Chris [University of Washington; McFarquhar, Greg [University of Illinois - Urbana; Protat, Alain [Bureau of Meteorology - Melbourne; Quinn, Patricia [NOAA PMEL; Siems, Steven [Monash Univ., Melbourne, VIC (Australia); Jakob, Christian [Monash Univ., Melbourne, VIC (Australia); Alexander, Simon [Australian Antarctic Division; Weller, Bob [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute

    2014-09-29

    A workshop sponsored by the Department of Energy was convened at the University of Washington to discuss the state of knowledge of clouds, aerosols and air-sea interaction over the Southern Ocean and to identify strategies for reducing uncertainties in their representation in global and regional models. The Southern Ocean plays a critical role in the global climate system and is a unique pristine environment, yet other than from satellite, there have been sparse observations of clouds, aerosols, radiation and the air-sea interface in this region. Consequently, much is unknown about atmospheric and oceanographic processes and their linkage in this region. Approximately 60 scientists, including graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and senior researchers working in atmospheric and oceanic sciences at U.S. and foreign universities and government laboratories, attended the Southern Ocean Workshop. It began with a day of scientific talks, partly in plenary and partly in two parallel sessions, discussing the current state of the science for clouds, aerosols and air-sea interaction in the Southern Ocean. After the talks, attendees broke into two working groups; one focused on clouds and meteorology, and one focused on aerosols and their interactions with clouds. This was followed by more plenary discussion to synthesize the two working group discussions and to consider possible plans for organized activities to study clouds, aerosols and the air-sea interface in the Southern Ocean. The agenda and talk slides, including short summaries of the highlights of the parallel session talks developed by the session chars, are available at http://www.atmos.washington.edu/socrates/presentations/SouthernOceanPresentations/.

  14. Research on Industrial Control System Security Defense%工业控制系统信息安全防护研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昱镔; 陈思; 程楠

    2016-01-01

    Information security situation of industrial control system is grim and cannot be ignored which produces serious threat to social stability and national security. The information security of industrial control system is different from the traditional information security, and the traditional information security is usually not applicable to the field of industrial control system information security. This paper analyzes the characteristics of industrial control system, expounds the current information security situation of industrial control system by analyzing the report produced by the industrial control systems cyber emergency response team of the USA, and puts forward a model of industrial control system security defense which contains the industrial control system security protection system, key technologies and safety life cycle. The research production of security protection system can guide key technologies research and safety life cycle building. The research production of key technologies can be converted into special safety protection products in all stages of the safety life cycle, and provides the corresponding technologies and tools though all stages of the safety life cycle. The model can provide technology and management support for the ifeld of industrial control system information security.%工业控制系统信息安全形势严峻,严重威胁社会稳定和国家安全,不容忽视。工业控制系统信息安全有别于传统信息安全,传统信息安全保障方式经常不适用于工业控制系统信息安全领域。文章研究了工业控制系统的特点,通过分析美国工业控制系统网络应急响应小组的报告,阐述了工业控制系统当前的安全形势,提出了由工业控制系统安全防护体系、关键技术及安全生命周期等部分组成的工业控制系统信息安全防护模型。该模型中安全防护体系的研究成果可指导关键技术研究及安全生命周期建设,

  15. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 22: Establishing a research agenda for Scientific and Technical Information (STI): Focus on the user

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.

    1992-01-01

    The goal is the creation of a generally accepted, systematically developed and implemented, but user focused, research agenda for the Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD) and the Technical Information Panel (TIP) member countries. Information use seldom exists as an isolated incident. Information use usually takes place within organizational and interpersonal contexts. Therefore, it should not be studied in isolation, but rather in an holistic environment. Once implemented, this research agenda could be completed within 3 to 5 years. The results would be generalizable to AGARD member nations, would form the basis for the development of theory based practice, and would form a significant body of knowledge that can be used by AGARD information professionals for policy, practice, product, and systems development.

  16. Establishing the motivations of patients with dementia and cognitive impairment and their carers in joining a dementia research register (DemReg).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avent, Cerian; Curry, Lisa; Gregory, Sarah; Marquardt, Sonia; Pae, Lauren; Wilson, Danielle; Ritchie, Karen; Ritchie, Craig W

    2013-06-01

    Connecting willing patients with dementia to suitable clinical research studies has been historically challenging. The United Kingdom Dementia and Neurodegenerative Research Network (DeNDRoN) was established to link patients into high-quality studies. One component is DemReg, a register of dementia patients and their carers who have agreed to be approached regarding future research studies. The limited literature highlights the predominance of altruism mediating research register participation. The objective of this study was to understand the motivations of patients and carers to participate in DemReg. There were 107 participants in the study, interviewed using a questionnaire to determine which factors were important in their decision to be on the register. The study compared the proportion of the altruistic motivations articulated with the proportion of the other answers offered. The two most important motivators for registering on DemReg were to help others (44%; p Participants were not motivated by the prospect of payment or by concern that they would be letting down their clinician if they did not register. There are currently major projects within the United Kingdom to increase the number of patients on dementia registers and to further involvement in dementia research. This study, to the best of our knowledge, is the first to assess the motivations of patients and carers for joining a dementia research register in the United Kingdom, and the findings highlight the importance of altruistic motives.

  17. Defensive Operations in a Decisive Action Training Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-07-01

    Operations in a Decisive Action Training Environment Christopher L. Vowels W. Anthony Scroggins U.S. Army Research Institute Captain Kyle T...7260 Alabama Avenue Fort Polk, LA 71459 ii Research Report 2003 Defensive Operations in a Decisive Action Training Environment...the entirety of the project and his guidance ensured the research was successful. iv DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS IN A DECISIVE ACTION TRAINING

  18. 军队科研机构推进国防知识产权转化运用%Analysis on the transformation and application of national defense intellectual property rights promoted by military scientiifc research institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹德斌; 张继东

    2016-01-01

    军队科研机构作为国家科技创新体系的重要组成部分,承担了大量科技创新任务,产生了许多具有自主知识产权的高水平科技成果,推动军队科研机构国防知识产权转化运用,是贯彻军民融合发展战略的必要途径。分析了军队科研机构国防知识产权转化的现状及制约转化的现实障碍,并结合实际探讨了推进军队科研机构国防知识产权转化的建议举措。%As an important part of national innovation system, the military research institutions undertake a large number of scientific and technological innovation tasks, produce a number of high level of scientific and technological achievements with independent intelectual property rights, and promote the national defense intelectual property rights by military scientific research institutions into application. It is a necessary way to implement the civil military integration development strategy. The study analyzes current situation of the military scientific research institutions’ national defense intelectual property rights transformation and obstacles restricting transformation, and discusses the measures to promote the transformation of national defense intelectual property rights of the military scientiifc research institutions.

  19. 单机环境中网络攻防实战演练平台的设计与研究%Design and research of network attack and defense combat exercise platform in single computer environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梁斌; 俞华丰; 高昆

    2014-01-01

    利用虚拟机VMware与GNS3网络设备互联技术,在单机环境中搭建了一个典型网络架构的攻防实战演练平台。结合Ubuntu下的Yersinia攻击工具,实例给出了对Windows 2003 Server下的DHCP服务器和热备份路由(HSRP)汇聚交换机的具体攻击过程和相应的防御措施,验证了VMware和GNS3构建虚拟网络实验平台的可行性,为学习和研究网络攻防技术提供了一条实战演练的有效途径。%Making use of virtual machine VMware connected to GNS3 network equipment ,this paper proposes a network attack and defense combat exercise platform of typical network architecture in the single computer environment .Combined with the attack tools of Yersinia in Ubuntu ,experimental case puts forward detailed attack process and corresponding defense measures for DHCP Server of the Windows 2003 Server operation system and hot standby routing protocol (HSRP) aggregated switch ,verifies the feasibility of VMware and GNS3 to construct a virtual network experiment platform ,and provides an effective way to combat exercises for learning and research of network attack and defense technology .

  20. Lessons learned from community-based participatory research: establishing a partnership to support lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender ageing in place.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Leslie A; King, Diane K; Retrum, Jessica H; Helander, Kenneth; Wilkins, Shari; Boggs, Jennifer M; Portz, Jennifer Dickman; Nearing, Kathryn; Gozansky, Wendolyn S

    2017-06-01

    Due to a history of oppression and lack of culturally competent services, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) seniors experience barriers to accessing social services. Tailoring an evidence-based ageing in place intervention to address the unique needs of LGBT seniors may decrease the isolation often faced by this population. To describe practices used in the formation of a community-based participatory research (CBPR), partnership involving social workers, health services providers, researchers and community members who engaged to establish a LGBT ageing in place model called Seniors Using Supports To Age In Neighborhoods (SUSTAIN). A case study approach was employed to describe the partnership development process by reflecting on past meeting minutes, progress reports and interviews with SUSTAIN's partners. Key partnering practices utilized by SUSTAIN included (i) development of a shared commitment and vision; (ii) identifying partners with intersecting spheres of influence in multiple communities of identity (ageing services, LGBT, health research); (iii) attending to power dynamics (e.g. equitable sharing of funds); and (iv) building community capacity through reciprocal learning. Although the partnership dissolved after 4 years, it served as a successful catalyst to establish community programming to support ageing in place for LGBT seniors. Multi-sector stakeholder involvement with capacity to connect communities and use frameworks that formalize equity was key to establishing a high-trust CBPR partnership. However, lack of focus on external forces impacting each partner (e.g. individual organizational strategic planning, community funding agency perspectives) ultimately led to dissolution of the SUSTAIN partnership even though implementation of community programming was realized.

  1. CONSIDER - Core Outcome Set in IAD Research: study protocol for establishing a core set of outcomes and measurements in incontinence-associated dermatitis research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van den Bussche, Karen; De Meyer, Dorien; Van Damme, Nele; Kottner, Jan; Beeckman, Dimitri

    2017-10-01

    This study protocol describes the methodology for the development of a core set of outcomes and a core set of measurements for incontinence-associated dermatitis. Incontinence is a widespread disorder with an important impact on quality of life. One of the most common complications is incontinence-associated dermatitis, resulting from chemical and physical irritation of the skin barrier, triggering inflammation and skin damage. Managing incontinence-associated dermatitis is an important challenge for nurses. Several interventions have been assessed in clinical trials, but heterogeneity in study outcomes complicates the comparability and standardization. To overcome this challenge, the development of a core outcome set, a minimum set of outcomes and measurements to be assessed in clinical research, is needed. A project team, International Steering Committee and panelists will be involved to guide the development of the core outcome set. The framework of the Harmonizing Outcomes Measures for Eczema roadmap endorsed by Cochrane Skin Group Core Outcomes Set Initiative, is used to inform the project design. A systematic literature review, interviews to integrate the patients' perspective and a consensus study with healthcare researchers and providers using the Delphi procedure will be performed. The project was approved by the Ethics review Committee (April 2016). This is the first project that will identify a core outcome set of outcomes and measurements for incontinence-associated dermatitis research. A core outcome set will reduce possible reporting bias, allow results comparisons and statistical pooling across trials and strengthen evidence-based practice and decision-making. This project has been registered in the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET) database and is part of the Cochrane Skin Group Core Outcomes Set Initiative (CSG-COUSIN). © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. [Medical Service of the Estonian Defense Forces].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anisimov, A S; Golota, A S; Krassii, A B; Soldatov, E A; Shalakin, R A

    2015-06-01

    The article is a brief description of the current state of the Estonian Defense Forces medical service and is based on the study of the open access foreign sources. At the beginning, the general information about Estonia, its Defense Forces, and their medical service is presented. Then the medical service particular features are described with more detail, namely, the organization of the inpatient and outpatient treatment, medical supply, scientific research, combat medicine, medical staff education and training, medical service personnel income.

  3. Unfolding Green Defense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristian Knus

    2015-01-01

    consumption in military operations, defense expenditure, energy security, and global climate change. The report then proceeds to introduce the NATO Green Defence Framework before exploring specific current uses of green technologies and green strategies for defense. The report concludes that a number...

  4. Avian host defense peptides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Tryntsje; Coorens, M.; van Dijk, A.; Haagsman, H.P.

    2013-01-01

    Host defense peptides (HDPs) are important effector molecules of the innate immune system of vertebrates. These antimicrobial peptides are also present in invertebrates, plants and fungi. HDPs display broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and fulfill an important role in the first line of defense

  5. Defense Mechanisms: A Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, Bonnie C.

    This bibliography includes studies of defense mechanisms, in general, and studies of multiple mechanisms. Defense mechanisms, briefly and simply defined, are the unconscious ego defendants against unpleasure, threat, or anxiety. Sigmund Freud deserves the clinical credit for studying many mechanisms and introducing them in professional literature.…

  6. [Study of defense styles, defenses and coping strategies in alcohol-dependent population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribadier, A; Varescon, I

    2017-05-01

    Style Questionnaire-40 translated into French, but not validated, assessed defenses and defense style. Descriptive, comparative and correlational analysis was carried out using Statistica software - version 10. The alcohol-dependent people preferentially use emotion focused coping blame and less the problem focused coping humor. The highest immature defense is acting out. Correlational analyses confirm the presence of some significant relationships between defense style and some coping strategies. Thus, the mature style is the only defense style, which is linked with the problem focused strategy humor, and another one coping called distraction. Some singular relationships were found with these two dimensions of coping. Alcohol and drug disengagement show particularly strong relationships with immature defenses such as projection and somatization. Another singular result is indicated by a negative relationship between immature defenses autistic fantasy with the strategy expression of feelings. This study found a significant number of relationships between defensive styles, defenses and coping strategies. This research also highlights the value of an integrative approach of defense mechanisms for the analysis of defensive functioning of people with alcohol dependence. Indeed, the relationships between these elements are consistent and allow understanding the defensive operation as a whole to promote a new adapted means of support. Copyright © 2016 L'Encéphale, Paris. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Molecular sabotage of host plant defenses by spider mites

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Villarroel Figueroa, C.A.

    2016-01-01

    Plants constitute an ample source of nutrients for a diversity of organisms that include viruses, microbes, nematodes, insects, and mites. To protect their resources, plants possess a robust immune system that establishes structural and biochemical defenses to fight invaders. Some of these defenses

  8. 防空导弹武控设备实现CBM方法的探讨%Research on the Condition Based Maintenance for Weapon Control Equipment of Air-defense Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲宏宇; 向哲

    2012-01-01

    针对解决防空导弹武控设备目前维修方式中的诸多问题,基于状态的维修(CBM)方式是有效解决途径之一。分析了对防空导弹武控设备进行CBM时的状态监测、失效模型建立、故障预测和维修决策等关键技术问题,探讨了防空导弹武控设备实现CBM的技术对策。结果表明,CBM具有诸多优点,它的实践应用必将引发武控设备维修技术的根本变革,促进高新技术在防空导弹武控设备维修领域的应用。%The condition based maintenance(CBM) is one of effective maintenance methods for weapon control equipment of air-defense missile.The key techniques is analyzed about inspecting the condition,establishing invalidation modal,forecasting malfunction,maintenance decision-making of CBM that is used for weapon control equipment of air-defense missile,the technique countermeasure of carrying CBM is introduced.The results show CBM is effective,which will result in radical change in maintenance technique of weapon control equipment,and promote using of new techniques in maintenance for weapon control equipment of air-defense missile.

  9. Should the Department of Defense Establish a Joint Corrections Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-24

    years. Here national security related offenders , escape risks, and unmanageable offenders are confined. All female inmates from all services who...incarcerated in the United States, 4.1 million on probation, and another 800,000 on parole . The business of operating prisons and jails is a major budgetary...problem of overcrowding at state prisons where many inmates were forced to sleep on the floor. This consolidation option was developed after other

  10. Research on Proactive Defense Model Based on Virtualization Technology%基于硬件虚拟化的主动防御模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐鲲; 廖小飞

    2012-01-01

    基于HOOK内核代码的传统主动防御软件在放行恶意驱动后对于高危险的恶意代码无法做到有效防御,因此在在已有的病毒行为分析和模式识别技术的基础上,提出了一种基于硬件虚拟化的主动防御模型.详细阐述了硬件虚拟化的主动防御系统的主体构架和实现,系统功能模块的划分及实现原理,行为视窗监控、黑白名单等关键技术的实现方法,从更底层的角度进行行为检测防御,并通过影子页表可以实现高强度的自我保护.%The traditional proactive defense software based on HOOK Kernel code can't defend effectively to the high risk of malicious code after releasing malicious drivers. So based on existing virus behavior analysis and patternrecognition technology, we put forward a new proactive defense model based on Hardware virtualization. It describes in detail the main structure and realization of active defense system of hardware virtualization, the divisionof the module and the principle of realization of the system function, the behavior of Windows monitoring, the black and white lists and so on, all the Implementation of key technologies. It can undertake the behavior detection defensefrom the perspective of lower-level, and it can also achieve high strength of the self-protection through the shadow page table.

  11. 国防合同强制代位权制度研究%Research on Compulsive Right of Subrogation of National Defense Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵勇

    2012-01-01

    Aiming at obligation dispute in national defense contract, this paper puts forward compulsive right of subrogation system, and analyzes constitute item and exertion power of compulsive right of subrogation from the law angle, which can provide theory basis for guarantee the national interest to be free from violate.%针对国防合同履约中出现债务纠纷,提出强制代位权制度,并从法律角度分析强制代位权构成要件和行使权力,为保障国家利益不受侵害提供理论依据。

  12. Suggestions on Perfecting the Scientific Research Item Guide Establishment%完善科研项目指南编制的建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱杰堂

    2011-01-01

    目前科研项目指南编制中出现的主要问题有:对调研论证的时间要求太紧;论证环节只召集少数部门领导和朋友座谈一下草草了事;设置部分定向委托课题时人为使某些项目失去公平的申请机会;指南发布距提交申请材料的时间较太短;等等。应高度重视项目指南编制的重要性和规范性,广泛征集建议选题,提高专家论证选题的质量,取消定向委托课题,优化指南发布,以提升项目指南的编制质量和实现项目申请的公平、公正和公开。%The main problems existing in the present scientific research item guide establishment include the followings. Firstly, time for the research and investigation is very limited; Secondly, only few department leaders and the friends are called to discuss the guide in the process of comprehensive analysis of the project guide; Thirdly, fair application opportunities of certain scientific research item lose artificially and so on. It is suggested that more attention should be paid to the importance and standards, suggestions of the selected topics widely collected, the selected topic quality of the expert enhanced, the directional request topics canceled, the guide issue optimized, so that the quality of the project guide establishment can be promoted and the fairness and openness realized.

  13. The Strategy Research of Russia National Defense Industry Integrating the Armed Forces%俄罗斯国防工业“寓军于民”战略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范肇臻; 武奇华

    2012-01-01

    俄罗斯国防工业从国家战略上重视国防工业军民融合,大力推行军转民政策。尤其在军事航天装备上,更是体现国家从战略高度上的重视和一系列政策支持。国家政策支持、循序渐进的改革以及在军工企业之间建立有效的军转民协调机制就显得十分重要。%Russian defense industry from the national strategic emphasis on military and civilian integration of defense industries,vigorously promote the conversion policy.Especially in the military and aerospace equipment,but also reflect the importance attached by the countries from a strategic height and a range of policy support.National policy support between the military industrial enterprises to establish an effective coordination mechanism of conversion is very important.

  14. Research on Efficiency Evaluation Model That Air Defense Missile and Artillery Resist Multiple Targets in Coordination%舰空导弹与火炮武器协同抗击多目标的效能评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    由大德; 徐德民; 张发强

    2011-01-01

    In order to make the air defense and artillery weapon are used significantly, and improve the operational efficiency that resisting the multiple targets, on base analyzing the emitter region of the missile and artillery weapon, by means of studying the shooting times of multiple air defense weapon shooting tunnels and shooting mode and shooting times of the artillery weapon, it established the optimal model efficiency evaluation,at last it defined the optimal firepower distribution schemes by means of an example based on the model, it verified the use of the model.%为使水面舰艇防空导弹与火炮武器有效协同使用,提高抗击空袭多目标的作战效能,在分析防空导弹和近防炮武器发射区的基础上,通过研究防空导弹多个射击通道的射击次数、火炮武器的射击方式和射击次数等,建立了协同抗击多目标的效能评估模型,并运用该模型对确定最优火力分配方案的使用方法进行了举例分析,验证了模型的可用性.

  15. Defense and the Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    AD A 66 28 o’py 9of 27 copiesII AD-A266 288-co, .o,,,, I IDA PAPER P-28 10I * DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A...TYPE AND DATES COVERED January 1993 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Defense and the Economy C-MDA 903 89C 0003i...Fomr 298 (Rev 2-4g) 3Preserked by ANSI Sid, Z39- 2I0 I I I IDA PAPER P-2810() 3 DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY I I David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A

  16. 农业机械再制造标准体系的构建研究%Research on Establishing Standard System of Agricultural Machinery Remanufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩红美; 王永建; 王东岳; 陈明传

    2015-01-01

    再制造是循环经济发展的最高层次之一,农业机械的再制造必将成为我国农机行业发展中的一个新市场,研究构建农业机械再制造标准体系,为农业机械再制造技术发展和产业提升提供技术支撑和基础保障,不断推动循环经济发展。对构建农业机械再制造标准体系的重要性、构建标准体系指导原则、工作流程、标准体系框架进行阐述,并预测了后续的重点研究方向。%Remanufacturing is one of the highest levels of cyclic economy. Remanufacturing of agricultural machinery will be-come a new market in the development of China's agricultural machinery industry. Establishing standard system of agricultural ma-chinery remanufacturing will provide technology support and basic guarantee to develop agricultural machinery industry,continue promoting the development of cyclic economy. This article describes the importance of standard system, guiding principle, working procedure, standard system framework for establishing standard system of agricultural machinery remanufacturing, and points out the focus of the direction of further research.

  17. 疗养院研究型科室创建实践%Practices of Establishing Research-oriented Recuperating Department in Sanatorium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王杨; 王伟

    2015-01-01

    本文结合全军神经疾病诊疗康复中心建设研究型疗养科室的经验,提出应坚持统筹规划、任务牵引、多措并举、协作攻关、整合资源,带动疗养服务保障能力的全面跃升。%In the article, the authors put forward some strategies of promoting the overall establishing re-search-oriented recuperating department in sanatorium combing with their own experiences, which included overall planning, task tracting, simultaneous measures, research collaboration, resource integration.

  18. Rethinking Defensive Information Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    electronic warfare, and special information operations. Defensive information operations ensure timely, accurate, and relevant information access...information and information systems. IA, physical security, OPSEC, counter-deception, counter-psyops, CI, EW, and special information operations. Ensure

  19. Nicotine's defensive function in nature.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anke Steppuhn

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Plants produce metabolites that directly decrease herbivore performance, and as a consequence, herbivores are selected for resistance to these metabolites. To determine whether these metabolites actually function as defenses requires measuring the performance of plants that are altered only in the production of a certain metabolite. To date, the defensive value of most plant resistance traits has not been demonstrated in nature. We transformed native tobacco(Nicotiana attenuata with a consensus fragment of its two putrescine N-methyl transferase (pmt genes in either antisense or inverted-repeat (IRpmt orientations. Only the latter reduced (by greater than 95% constitutive and inducible nicotine. With D(4-nicotinic acid (NA, we demonstrate that silencing pmt inhibits nicotine production, while the excess NA dimerizes to form anatabine. Larvae of the nicotine-adapted herbivore Manduca sexta (tobacco hornworm grew faster and, like the beetle Diabrotica undecimpunctata, preferred IRpmt plants in choice tests. When planted in their native habitat, IRpmt plants were attacked more frequently and, compared to wild-type plants, lost 3-fold more leaf area from a variety of native herbivores, of which the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua, and Trimerotropis spp. grasshoppers caused the most damage. These results provide strong evidence that nicotine functions as an efficient defense in nature and highlights the value of transgenic techniques for ecological research.

  20. Establishing a community of practice of researchers, practitioners, policy-makers and communities to sustainably manage environmental health risks in Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Bonnie

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Sustainably Managing Environmental Health Risk in Ecuador project was launched in 2004 as a partnership linking a large Canadian university with leading Cuban and Mexican institutes to strengthen the capacities of four Ecuadorian universities for leading community-based learning and research in areas as diverse as pesticide poisoning, dengue control, water and sanitation, and disaster preparedness. Methods In implementing curriculum and complementary innovations through application of an ecosystem approach to health, our interdisciplinary international team focused on the question: “Can strengthening of institutional capacities to support a community of practice of researchers, practitioners, policy-makers and communities produce positive health outcomes and improved capacities to sustainably translate knowledge?” To assess progress in achieving desired outcomes, we review results associated with the logic framework analysis used to guide the project, focusing on how a community of practice network has strengthened implementation, including follow-up tracking of program trainees and presentation of two specific case studies. Results By 2009, train-the-trainer project initiation involved 27 participatory action research Master’s theses in 15 communities where 1200 community learners participated in the implementation of associated interventions. This led to establishment of innovative Ecuadorian-led master’s and doctoral programs, and a Population Health Observatory on Collective Health, Environment and Society for the Andean region based at the Universidad Andina Simon Bolivar. Building on this network, numerous initiatives were begun, such as an internationally funded research project to strengthen dengue control in the coastal community of Machala, and establishment of a local community eco-health centre focusing on determinants of health near Cuenca. Discussion Strengthening capabilities for producing and

  1. Surfing China's National Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Guilin

    2010-01-01

    @@ Following the start of its first test run on August 20, 2009, the website www.mod.gov.cn of the Ministry of National Defense (MOD) of the People's Republic of China has logged more than 2 billion hits,from many countries and regions including China, the United States,the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia and Singapore. China National Defense News reporters recently interviewed Ji Guilin, the website's Editor in Chief, on its performance and the feedback of netizens.

  2. 75 FR 18041 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Minimizing Use of Hexavalent Chromium (DFARS...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    ... platforms due to its corrosion protection properties. On April 8, 2009, the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition, Technology and Logistics) issued a memorandum establishing policy for the minimization...

  3. Strategic defense and the Western alliance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lakoff, S.; Willoughby, R. (Univ. of California, CA (US))

    1987-01-01

    Strategic defense has again become a major item on the agenda of the Western Alliance. Revived by President Ronald Reagan in his Star Wars speech of March 1983, and implemented in his Strategic Defense Initiative, it has achieved renewed emphasis in military spending, in alliance research efforts, and in arms control negotiations. SDI is packaged in a way that makes it the largest single item in the Department of Defense's annual budget. It engages researchers in industrial and military laboratories on both sides of the Atlantic as well as in Japan and Israel. In the arms control negotiations now under way between the United States and the USSR, the conduct of this research and its implications for the strategic balance and the reduction of offensive weapons are critical considerations. The implications of this largely unexpected development are the subject of this book.

  4. Research on the Structure of Contemporary College Students’Ideals and Questionnaire Establishment%大学生理想的结构及问卷编制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东华; 姚本先

    2013-01-01

    通过文献分析,结合国内外已有的理想问卷,对大学生的理想结构进行构建,并在此基础上编制大学生理想问卷。研究采用质性(访谈法)与量性(问卷法)相结合的研究方法,以大学生为被试进行研究。通过分析探索性因素发现大学生理想的结构包括6个因子,并通过验证性因素分析进行了验证。研究表明,大学生理想问卷的信效度达到了统计学指标,可以作为测量大学生理想的工具。%Through document analysis,combined with the existing questionnaire of ideal at home and abroad,the researchers tried to construct the structure of college students’ideal,and then to establish the questionnaire of college students’ideal.The research adopted simultaneously qualitative method (inter-view)and quantitative method (questionnaire)and took college students as subj ects.The research found that the structure of college students’ideal included 6 factors and verified them through confirmatory fac-tor analysis.The research shows that the reliability and validity of the questionnaire of college students’i-deal reaches the standard of statistics,and this scale cound be used as an instrument measuring college students’ideals.

  5. 75 FR 76423 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  6. 76 FR 28960 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  7. 76 FR 28757 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Notice of Availability (NOA) of Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation. SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics...

  8. Research progress of the establishment of animal models of premature ovarian failure%卵巢早衰动物模型制备研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成杰; 丁利军; 胡娅莉

    2013-01-01

    Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a typical heterogeneous disease developed due to diverse causes. In recent years, studies show a significant increase of its incidence. POF seriously affect physical and mental health of women. A reproducible and reliable animal model plays an important role in POF research. This review will summarize the relatively successful animal models established by researchers at home and abroad and briefly discuss their advantages and disadvantages.%卵巢早衰是一种典型异质性疾病,病因复杂多样.近年来,卵巢早衰的发病率有明显上升趋势,严重影响妇女身心健康和生活质量.建立一种理想可靠的卵巢早衰动物模型对研究卵巢早衰有着重要的临床意义.本文就国内外学者建立的卵巢早衰动物模型作一综述,讨论比较各种方法的优缺点.

  9. Cyber defense and situational awareness

    CERN Document Server

    Kott, Alexander; Erbacher, Robert F

    2015-01-01

    This book is the first publication to give a comprehensive, structured treatment to the important topic of situational awareness in cyber defense. It presents the subject in a logical, consistent, continuous discourse, covering key topics such as formation of cyber situational awareness, visualization and human factors, automated learning and inference, use of ontologies and metrics, predicting and assessing impact of cyber attacks, and achieving resilience of cyber and physical mission. Chapters include case studies, recent research results and practical insights described specifically for th

  10. Research on P2P-based DDoS attacks and their defense mechanism%基于P2P系统的DDoS攻击及其防御技术研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏霞; 余杰; 李强; 陈志新

    2011-01-01

    This paper first introduced the principle of exploiting P2P systems to perform DDoS attacks, and then classified existing researches as two types: active attacks and passive attacks.Summarized the defense solutions and described them from four aspects: validation-based method, membership-based method, reputation-based method and victim method.Finally, discussed the further directions of P2P-based attacks and their defense mechanism from the view of promoting the safety of P2P network and Intemet.%首先概述了利用P2P系统进行DDoS攻击的原理,并根据攻击方式的不同将现有研究划分为主动攻击和被动攻击两种.综述了当前针对基于P2P的DDoS攻击的防御方法,分别从基于验证的方法、基于成员管理的方法、基于信誉的方法和受害者端的方法四个方面进行说明.最后,从推动P2P网络安全和Internet网络安全的角度出发,对基于P2P的DDoS攻击及其防御技术未来的研究方向进行了探讨.

  11. Research status of defensins and cathelicidins/LL-37 in pulmonary anti-infection immune defense%防御素和cathelicidins/LL-37在肺部抗感染防御中的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭书真; 李昌崇; 林立

    2014-01-01

    抗菌肽是宿主防御系统的重要组成部分.在人气道上皮中主要表达2种阳离子小分子抗菌肽,即防御素和cathelicidins/LL-37,它们通过直接杀菌、调节天然或适应性免疫、损伤修复等生物学活性对抗肺部常见病原体的侵袭.本文就防御素和cathelicidins/LL-37的来源及结构特征、表达调节、在肺部抗感染免疫防御中的作用进行综述.%Antimicrobial protein/peptides (AMPs) are an important part of the defense system.Defensins and cathelicidins/LL-37 are the two main small cationic AMPs which are present in airway epithelial cells.AMPs play a critical role in resisting pathongens of invading lung through direct antimicrobial activity,modulating innate or adaptive immunity,and wound repair.The orign and architectural feature,expression regulation and research progress in pulmonary anti-infection immune defense of defensins and cathelicidins/LL-37 are reviewed here.

  12. The history of the early years of metamaterials in USA and UK defense agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derov, John S.; Hammond, Richard; Youngs, Ian J.

    2017-08-01

    This article discusses the historical events that occurred in the early years of metamaterials leading to the current development of metamaterials in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Department of Defense, and Ministry of Defence.

  13. Plant antiherbivore defenses in Fabaceae species of the Chaco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. E. Lima

    Full Text Available Abstract The establishment and maintenance of plant species in the Chaco, one of the widest continuous areas of forests in the South American with sharp climatic variations, are possibly related to biological features favoring plants with particular defenses. This study assesses the physical and chemical defenses mechanisms against herbivores of vegetative and reproductive organs. Its analyses of 12 species of Fabaceae (Leguminosae collected in remnants of Brazilian Chaco shows that 75% present structural defense characters and 50% have chemical defensedefense proteins in their seeds, like protease inhibitors and lectins. Physical defenses occur mainly on branches (78% of the species, leaves (67%, and reproductive organs (56%. The most common physical characters are trichomes and thorns, whose color represents a cryptic character since it does not contrast with the other plant structures. Defense proteins occur in different concentrations and molecular weight classes in the seeds of most species. Protease inhibitors are reported for the first time in seeds of: Albizia niopoides, Anadenanthera colubrina, Mimosa glutinosa, Prosopis rubriflora, and Poincianella pluviosa. The occurrence of physical and chemical defenses in members of Fabaceae indicate no associations between defense characters in these plant species of the Chaco.

  14. Does self-defense training prevent sexual violence against women?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollander, Jocelyn A

    2014-03-01

    Self-defense classes are offered across the nation as a strategy for reducing women's vulnerability to sexual assault. Yet there has been little systematic research assessing the effectiveness of these classes. In this article, I use data from a mixed methods study of a 10-week, university-based, feminist self-defense class to examine the effectiveness of self-defense training over a 1-year follow-up period. My analyses indicate that women who participate in self-defense training are less likely to experience sexual assault and are more confident in their ability to effectively resist assault than similar women who have not taken such a class.

  15. ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INFORMATION SYSTEM OF DOMESTIC DISSERTATION RESEARCH IN A SCIENTIFIC SPECIALTY 14.02.01 «HYGIENE»: STATUS AND SOLVING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Evdokimov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available There have been provided an analysis of the digitized full-text abstracts and dissertations on the official websites of institutions with dissertation councils on hygiene, in the digital libraries of the Russian State Library (RSL and the National Library of Russia (NLR and the website of the Higher Attestation Commission at the Ministry of Education. An array was formed of 1446 theses on the specialty 14.02.01 (old code – 14.00.07 «Hygiene» for 2000–2012. Doctoral theses comprised 19.8 % – significantly more than cumulative biological and medical theses (14.8 % for the same period inRussia. Polynomial trend with a coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.73 with statistical significance indicates a decrease in the number of theses. Every year inRussiadissertation councils on hygiene received (111 ± 9 theses. It is established that in 76.9 % of abstracts are digitized in NLR and 63.7 % in RSL. Digitized documents can be accessed in the halls of the library for free, and in a mode of remote access – for a fee. Measures to optimize dissertation documents digitizing by librarians are described, as well as to seek opportunities to create a unified information system of dissertation research in Russia in the Scientific Electronic Library within the reference-analytical system Science Index for dissertation councils, free subscription of national research libraries to digital full-text databases of abstracts and dissertations and integration of Russian scientists in the international scientific community.

  16. Study on Establishment and Research of a National Costumes Database System%民族服饰数据库系统的建立与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭敏

    2015-01-01

    从民族服饰文化的现状入手,研究了民族服饰数据库系统的总体设计、系统实现的关键技术、主要功能模块的设计,并挖掘出其长远的应用前景. 此系统的建立,弘扬了民族服饰文化,使得民族服饰文化遗产得到了很好的保存.%Starting from the current situation of national costumes culture ,it researched the overall design of national costumes database system ,the key techniques of system implementation ,the design of the main functional modules in this paper ,and dug the system′s long-term application prospect .The establishment of this system which carries forward the national costume culture ,making the national dress culture herit-age is well preserved .

  17. Applications of spatially offset Raman spectroscopy to defense and security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guicheteau, Jason; Hopkins, Rebecca

    2016-05-01

    Spatially offset Raman spectroscopy (SORS) allows for sub-surface and through barrier detection and has applications in drug analysis, cancer detection, forensic science, as well as defense and security. This paper reviews previous efforts in SORS and other through barrier Raman techniques and presents a discussion on current research in defense and security applications.

  18. Department of Defense Management of Unobligated Funds for Acquisition Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-30

    CGFM, MBA, Senior Staff Accountant, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness (FIAR), 703...This research analyzes financial obligation rates for acquisition programs and acquisition program contract awards made in the last quarter of the...Postgraduate School since September 2010. Prior to that, he taught acquisition and business, cost estimating, and financial management courses at the Defense

  19. Defense styles of pedophilic offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drapeau, Martin; Beretta, Véronique; de Roten, Yves; Koerner, Annett; Despland, Jean-Nicolas

    2008-04-01

    This pilot study investigated the defense styles of pedophile sexual offenders. Interviews with 20 pedophiles and 20 controls were scored using the Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales. Results showed that pedophiles had a significantly lower overall defensive functioning score than the controls. Pedophiles used significantly fewer obsessional-level defenses but more major image-distorting and action-level defenses. Results also suggested differences in the prevalence of individual defenses where pedophiles used more dissociation, displacement, denial, autistic fantasy, splitting of object, projective identification, acting out, and passive aggressive behavior but less intellectualization and rationalization.

  20. Research and Practice of NetworkAttacks and Defense Techniques%网络攻击与防御技术的研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏为民; 袁仲雄

    2012-01-01

      Network attacks and defense, as core content in the field of the information security, introduce a kind of educational method called situational teaching which separate attacking roles as well as defending ones apart dividing this course into 12 subjects:scanning, network sniffing, password cracker, spoofing attacks, denial of services, buffer overflows, Web attacks, SQL injection, Trojan horse, computer virus, mobile virus, firewall as well as intrusion detection;each group containing 6 students have one task, half of whom belong to the attacking fields while the remaining should work on the opposite side. We sincerely hope that through this practice students’ comprehensive capability including practical ability, self-learning ability and how to solve, analyze one problem as well as to get along with others can be improved to some extent.%  网络攻击与防御是信息安全领域的核心内容,采用攻防角色分组的情境实践模式,将其分解为扫描、网络嗅探、口令破解、欺骗攻击、拒绝服务攻击、缓冲区溢出攻击、Web攻击、SQL注入攻击、木马攻击、计算机病毒、手机病毒、防火墙与入侵检测等12个专题,对应12个学生小组,每组6名学生,攻击和防御各半。通过课程实践,有效培养学生的实际动手能力、自主学习、分析问题、解决问题的能力,以及团队协作和组织能力。

  1. Non-Traditional Commercial Defense Contractors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    have access to shared virtual workspaces and overnight shipping. Virtual tools improve communication among researchers both across the campus and...reports. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ smart /ppcp97c1.htm Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). (2002, April 5). Mandatory

  2. Transport of defense compounds from source to sink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Morten Egevang; Nour-Eldin, Hussam Hassan; Halkier, Barbara Ann

    2015-01-01

    Plants synthesize a plethora of defense compounds crucial for their survival in a challenging and changing environment. Transport processes are important for shaping the distribution pattern of defense compounds, albeit focus hitherto has been mostly on their biosynthetic pathways. A recent...... identification of two glucosinolate transporters represents a breakthrough in our understanding of glucosinolate transport in Arabidopsis and has advanced knowledge in transport of defense compounds. In this review, we discuss the role of the glucosinolate transporters in establishing dynamic glucosinolate...... distribution patterns and source-sink relations. We focus on lessons learned from glucosinolate transport that may apply to transport of other defense compounds and discuss future avenues in the emerging field of defense compound transport....

  3. AFRL Defensive IO Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Wireless Information Assurance • Steganography • Air Force Enterprise Defense (AFED) 10 Distributed Agents for Information Warfare Operational...information (images, documents, overlays, audio , links, etc.) •multi-level data release to coalition forces; key-based access •covert communication...maximize throughput of communication channels Data Hiding/Embedding Steganography Watermarking Steganalysis 14 Payoffs • Integrates existing

  4. Defense Business Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    other. SCM and ERP systems both contribute to the overall distribution and coordination of resources. Just as an ERP enhances information flow...inventory management system (Thureen 2008). It combines the Army’s disparate wholesale and retail inventories, into one combined system (Sparacino 2002...Studies.............................................................................. 73 1. Defense Integrated Military Human Resource System

  5. 护理质量综合评价指标的建立与实施%Research on establishing the comprehensive evaluation index of nursing quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    玛依努尔・买合苏提; 杨松兰; 董正惠

    2013-01-01

    Objective To establish clinical nursing quality comprehensive evaluation index and evaluate the implementation effect .Methods A research group was established to study and formulate the draft for clinical nursing quality evaluation index .The improved Delphi method was adopted for a two‐round consul‐tation and the nursing quality index was implemented in 42 clinical departments for quality control .The comprehensive satisfaction evaluation on the index of the nursing quality was investigated before and after the situation .SPSS17 .0 software was taken to analyze the data .Results The clinical nursing quality evalu‐ation index was established with 5 first‐grade factors ,18 second‐grade factors and 79 third‐grade factors . The implementation of the evaluation indicators of nursing quality led to the improvement in the nursing quality from 92 .22% to 95 .34% .Conclusion The comprehensive evaluation index of nursing quality can a‐dapt to the development trend of modern nursing with scientific credibility and it can satisfy the new situa‐tion of patients'demand .%目的:建立临床护理质量综合评价指标,评价实施效果。方法成立护理质量评价指标体系研究小组,制定临床护理质量评价指标草案,采用改良的 Delphi 法进行2轮专家问卷咨询,在临床42个科室用护理质量评价指标进行质量控制,对护理质量评价指标使用前后的综合满意度情况进行评价分析。结果建立了包括5个一级指标、18个二级指标、79个三级指标的临床护理质量评价指标。评价指标信度较高。实施护理质量评价指标后,护理综合满意度由92.22%上升至95.34%,较实施前有明显的提升。结论通过建立有效的评价指标体系,对护理活动各个环节的关键点进行有效质量控制,使护理人员的行为活动更加符合工作要求,避免护理缺陷的发生。

  6. Research and application of a hybrid model based on dynamic fuzzy synthetic evaluation for establishing air quality forecasting and early warning system: A case study in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yunzhen; Du, Pei; Wang, Jianzhou

    2017-04-01

    As the atmospheric environment pollution has been becoming more and more serious in China, it is highly desirable to develop a scientific and effective early warning system that plays a great significant role in analyzing and monitoring air quality. However, establishing a robust early warning system for warning the public in advance and ameliorating air quality is not only an extremely challenging task but also a public concerned problem for human health. Most previous studies are focused on improving the prediction accuracy, which usually ignore the significance of uncertainty information and comprehensive evaluation concerning air pollutants. Therefore, in this paper a novel robust early warning system was successfully developed, which consists of three modules: evaluation module, forecasting module and characteristics estimating module. In this system, a new dynamic fuzzy synthetic evaluation is proposed and applied to determine air quality levels and primary pollutants, which can be regarded as the research objectives; Moreover, to further mine and analyze the characteristics of air pollutants, four different distribution functions and interval forecasting method are also employed that can not only provide predictive range, confidence level and the other uncertain information of the pollutants future values, but also assist decision-makers in reducing and controlling the emissions of atmospheric pollutants. Case studies utilizing hourly PM2.5, PM10 and SO2 data collected from Tianjin and Shanghai in China are applied as illustrative examples to estimate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed system. Experimental results obviously indicated that the developed novel early warning system is much suitable for analyzing and monitoring air pollution, which can also add a novel viable option for decision-makers. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Defense Institution Building: An Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    MoDA and DIILS Support of DIB Activity Objectives . . . . . . . 26 2.8. Overlapping Program Objectives...Wales Initiative Fund–Defense Institution Building (WIF-DIB), the Ministry of Defense Advisors ( MoDA ) program, and the Defense Insti- tute of...other events and activities related to a partner nation’s defense institution capabilities and capacity. One exception is MoDA , where engagements are

  8. Insanity Defense: Past, Present, and Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Math, Suresh Bada; Kumar, Channaveerachari Naveen; Moirangthem, Sydney

    2015-01-01

    Insanity defense is primarily used in criminal prosecutions. It is based on the assumption that at the time of the crime, the defendant was suffering from severe mental illness and therefore, was incapable of appreciating the nature of the crime and differentiating right from wrong behavior, hence making them not legally accountable for crime. Insanity defense is a legal concept, not a clinical one (medical one). This means that just suffering from a mental disorder is not sufficient to prove insanity. The defendant has the burden of proving the defense of insanity by a "preponderance of the evidence" which is similar to a civil case. It is hard to determine legal insanity, and even harder to successfully defend it in court. This article focuses on the recent Supreme Court decision on insanity defense and standards employed in Indian court. Researchers present a model for evaluating a defendant's mental status examination and briefly discuss the legal standards and procedures for the assessment of insanity defense evaluations. There is an urgent need to initiate formal graduation course, setup Forensic Psychiatric Training and Clinical Services Providing Centers across the country to increase the manpower resources and to provide fair and speedy trail.

  9. Establishing MICHCARB, a geological carbon sequestration research and education center for Michigan, implemented through the Michigan Geological Repository for Research and Education, part of the Department of Geosciences at Western Michigan University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barnes, David A. [Western Michigan University; Harrison, William B. [Western Michigan University

    2014-01-28

    The Michigan Geological Repository for Research and Education (MGRRE), part of the Department of Geosciences at Western Michigan University (WMU) at Kalamazoo, Michigan, established MichCarb—a geological carbon sequestration resource center by: • Archiving and maintaining a current reference collection of carbon sequestration published literature • Developing statewide and site-specific digital research databases for Michigan’s deep geological formations relevant to CO2 storage, containment and potential for enhanced oil recovery • Producing maps and tables of physical properties as components of these databases • Compiling all information into a digital atlas • Conducting geologic and fluid flow modeling to address specific predictive uses of CO2 storage and enhanced oil recovery, including compiling data for geological and fluid flow models, formulating models, integrating data, and running the models; applying models to specific predictive uses of CO2 storage and enhanced oil recovery • Conducting technical research on CO2 sequestration and enhanced oil recovery through basic and applied research of characterizing Michigan oil and gas and saline reservoirs for CO2 storage potential volume, injectivity and containment. Based on our research, we have concluded that the Michigan Basin has excellent saline aquifer (residual entrapment) and CO2/Enhanced oil recovery related (CO2/EOR; buoyant entrapment) geological carbon sequestration potential with substantial, associated incremental oil production potential. These storage reservoirs possess at least satisfactory injectivity and reliable, permanent containment resulting from associated, thick, low permeability confining layers. Saline aquifer storage resource estimates in the two major residual entrapment, reservoir target zones (Lower Paleozoic Sandstone and Middle Paleozoic carbonate and sandstone reservoirs) are in excess of 70-80 Gmt (at an overall 10% storage efficiency factor; an approximately

  10. 76 FR 46757 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... execute U.S. defense strategy; (c) U.S. regional defense policies; and (d) any other research and analysis... travel, Board members shall serve without compensation. The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy... travel and per diem for official travel, subcommittee members shall serve without compensation....

  11. Defense High-Level Waste Leaching Mechanisms Program. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendel, J.E. (compiler)

    1984-08-01

    The Defense High-Level Waste Leaching Mechanisms Program brought six major US laboratories together for three years of cooperative research. The participants reached a consensus that solubility of the leached glass species, particularly solubility in the altered surface layer, is the dominant factor controlling the leaching behavior of defense waste glass in a system in which the flow of leachant is constrained, as it will be in a deep geologic repository. Also, once the surface of waste glass is contacted by ground water, the kinetics of establishing solubility control are relatively rapid. The concentrations of leached species reach saturation, or steady-state concentrations, within a few months to a year at 70 to 90/sup 0/C. Thus, reaction kinetics, which were the main subject of earlier leaching mechanisms studies, are now shown to assume much less importance. The dominance of solubility means that the leach rate is, in fact, directly proportional to ground water flow rate. Doubling the flow rate doubles the effective leach rate. This relationship is expected to obtain in most, if not all, repository situations.

  12. The fragility of the Brazilian Defense Ministry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Zaverucha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The present article presents different phases that the Brazilian Defense Ministry has passed through, since its inception during Fernando Henrique Cardoso's second presidential term (1999-2002 until the current administration of Luís Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2006, under its respective ministers of Defense. It has been seen as one of the important stages in the re-constitutionalization of the country, insofar as it establishes the submission of Armed Forces commanders to a civilian minister, and although some analysts have considered that such submission is actually achieved, we point here to the military resistance and insubordination to civil power that are the result of an authoritarian legacy. To the extent that the Ministry of Defense is unable to implement its own policies in which the military would be required to follow civilian guidance, this article concludes with considerations on the civil Defense Ministry's political and institutional fragility vis-a-vis military command. The latter has been able to retain high levels of decision making autonomy in its relationship to the Ministry and its structure.

  13. Defense Science Board Task Force Report on Defense Strategies for Ensuring the Resilience of National Space Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    Executive Summary is a product of the Defense Science Board (DSB). The DSB is a Federal Advisory Committee established to provide independent advice to the...Executive Summary Since 2000, when the Defense Science Board concluded space superiority was absolutely essential in achieving global awareness, information...Whelan Government Advisors Dr. Larry Gershwin – ODNI/NIM Science and Technology Executive Secretary Col Russell Teehan, USAF – AT&L/Space, Strategic

  14. A Defense Budget Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-09

    budget practices. See Appendix D for the actual timetable of congressional action on the FY1999 budget.65 See James V. Saturno , The Appropriations...details, see James V. Saturno , The Appropriations Process and the Congressional69 Budget Act, CRS Report 97-947. Table 6. Milestone Votes on the Defense...James V. Saturno , The74 Appropriations Process and the Congressional Budget Act, CRS Report 97-947. The Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 and subsequent

  15. Defensive Minefield Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-01

    Minefield Planning by Carlos Vallejo Game Lieutenant, Ecuadorian Navy B. S., Escuela Superior Naval, Ecuador 1980 Submitted in partial fulfillment of...was a superior open-ocean naval force to the North Koreans, defensive minewarfare was able to, at least temporarily, defeat U.S. Navy objectives in...Oswaldo Rosero 1 Unit 8 Coastal Route 1 Monterey, California 93940 77 11. Office of the N’aval Attache 4 Direccion de Educacion 2535 15th. st. N. W

  16. Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Volume 4. ARPA, DNA, BMDO, and SOC0M Abstracts of Phase 1 Awards 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Topic#: 93-019 ID#: 9310314 ONE PROGRESS BLVD., BOX 8 Office: MICOM ALACHUA, FL 32615 Contract #: DAAH01-93-C-R267 Phone: (904) 462-2358 PI: JEAN - LUC ...suppression techniques as a pre-processing step. ENERGY COMPRESSION RESEARCH CORP. Topic#: 93-014 ID#: 93-PI-078 6355 NANCY RIDGE DRIVE Office: DNA SAN DIEGO

  17. Plant Defense against Insect Herbivores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar. Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight, defense compounds. These bioactive specialized plant defense compounds may repel or intoxicate insects, while defense proteins often interfere with their digestion. Volatiles are released upon herbivory to repel herbivores, attract predators or for communication between leaves or plants, and to induce defense responses. Plants also apply morphological features like waxes, trichomes and latices to make the feeding more difficult for the insects. Extrafloral nectar, food bodies and nesting or refuge sites are produced to accommodate and feed the predators of the herbivores. Meanwhile, herbivorous insects have adapted to resist plant defenses, and in some cases even sequester the compounds and reuse them in their own defense. Both plant defense and insect adaptation involve metabolic costs, so most plant-insect interactions reach a stand-off, where both host and herbivore survive although their development is suboptimal. PMID:23681010

  18. Plant defense against insect herbivores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    have adapted to resist plant defenses, and in some cases even sequester the compounds and reuse them in their own defense. Both plant defense and insect adaptation involve metabolic costs, so most plant-insect interactions reach a stand-off, where both host and herbivore survive although......Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar....... Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight...

  19. Hollow Force, Hollow Metaphor: Assessing the Current Defense Drawdown

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-04

    defined by Robert K. Yin in Case Study Research Design and Methods, 3rd ed. (California: SAGE Publications, 2003), 13. 7 current defense...global-commons/2012-11-01/strategy-time-austerity (accessed September 8, 2015). Yin , Robert K. Case Study Research Design and Methods. 3rd...use the post-Vietnam era (1970s) and post-Desert Storm era (1990s) as case studies in mismanaged, risk-inducing defense drawdowns conducted after

  20. Establishing the Canadian HIV Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS: Operationalizing Community-based Research in a Large National Quantitative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona Loutfy

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Community-based research has gained increasing recognition in health research over the last two decades. Such participatory research approaches are lauded for their ability to anchor research in lived experiences, ensuring cultural appropriateness, accessing local knowledge, reaching marginalized communities, building capacity, and facilitating research-to-action. While having these positive attributes, the community-based health research literature is predominantly composed of small projects, using qualitative methods, and set within geographically limited communities. Its use in larger health studies, including clinical trials and cohorts, is limited. We present the Canadian HIV Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS, a large-scale, multi-site, national, longitudinal quantitative study that has operationalized community-based research in all steps of the research process. Successes, challenges and further considerations are offered. Discussion Through the integration of community-based research principles, we have been successful in: facilitating a two-year long formative phase for this study; developing a novel survey instrument with national involvement; training 39 Peer Research Associates (PRAs; offering ongoing comprehensive support to PRAs; and engaging in an ongoing iterative community-based research process. Our community-based research approach within CHIWOS demanded that we be cognizant of challenges managing a large national team, inherent power imbalances and challenges with communication, compensation and volunteering considerations, and extensive delays in institutional processes. It is important to consider the iterative nature of community-based research and to work through tensions that emerge given the diverse perspectives of numerous team members. Conclusions Community-based research, as an approach to large-scale quantitative health research projects, is an increasingly viable

  1. Establishing joint research activities in the subject area of prospecting an mining. Entwicklung der Gemeinschaftsforschung im Fachbereich 'Aufsuchung und Gewinnung'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albertsen, M. (Wintershall AG, Kassel (Germany)); Zuncke, G. (Wintershall AG, Kassel (Germany))

    The Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle (DGMK) is to promote research, science and technology. The article presents the concept and status of research activities in the fields of exploration and mining. Research focused on the exploration, production, transport and storage of hydrocarbons from the view of geology, mining, and engineering. The high level of energy consumption necessitates national and international research on exploration, productivity, and improvement of technical processes for deposit exploitation. (orig./HS)

  2. 32 CFR 635.30 - Establishing domestic violence Memoranda of Understanding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Establishing domestic violence Memoranda of... Establishing domestic violence Memoranda of Understanding. (a) Coordination between military law enforcement..., especially concerning domestic violence investigations, arrests, and prosecutions involving...

  3. DEFENSE PROGRAMS RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin PREDA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available For the past years defense programs have faced delays in delivering defense capabilities and budget overruns. Stakeholders are looking for ways to improve program management and the decision making process given the very fluid and uncertain economic and political environment. Consequently, they have increasingly resorted to risk management as the main management tool for achieving defense programs objectives and for delivering the defense capabilities strongly needed for the soldiers on the ground on time and within limited defense budgets. Following a risk management based decision-making approach the stakeholders are expected not only to protect program objectives against a wide range of risks but, at the same time, to take advantage of the opportunities to increase the likelihood of program success. The prerequisite for making risk management the main tool for achieving defense programs objectives is the design and implementation of a strong risk management framework as a foundation providing an efficient and effective application of the best risk management practices. The aim of this paper is to examine the risk management framework for defense programs based on the ISO 31000:2009 standard, best risk management practices and the defense programs’ needs and particularities. For the purposes of this article, the term of defense programs refers to joint defense programs.

  4. Establishing a Research Information System as Part of an Integrated Approach to Information Management: Best Practice at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Scholze

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT is one of the largest research and higher education organisations in the world focusing on engineering and natural sciences. At present KIT, under the chairmanship of its executive board, is installing an extensive current research information system (CRIS covering all institutes and facilities of the organisation. The assumption underlying the project is that a consistent overview of research performance has become fundamental for the international competitiveness of research institutions and is increasingly important for strategic decisions at the executive level. Ultimately, it also leads to better data and control in rankings at higher education assessments. The new research information system systematically maps all of KIT’s processes and instruments to obtain, connect, present and utilise the research metadata of active researchers. This reduces the documentation workload for researchers, for the executive level and central units such as the library, and at the same time allows for and facilitates an overall view and the aggregation and visualisation of research metadata. Our vision is to build a federally structured network of systems that gathers information on KIT’s publications, research competence, research projects, patents and technological offers by retrieving data from external and internal sources as well as directly from the researchers. The network facilitates linking and aggregating of data and provides unique identifiers for individual researchers and organizational units. With its consistent data model the research information system also fosters the organisational development of KIT, which was formed in 2009 by the merger of a university and a national research centre. The researchers and their activities are at the core of the research information system. The system substantially reduces their administrative burden in documenting project information and publications. Automatic

  5. Institutionalized Communication between Researchers and Logisticians: An Examination and Recommendation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    Control Central Major Command ALuisics on Laboratory Danton Liaisons *Project Status and Information Conmmunication on Logistics Med ia Research...P., USAF. "Establishing Supportability as a Critical Requirement Factor," Defense Management Journal, 3-6 (4th Quarter 1983). 35. Neumann, George W

  6. Nanomaterials for Defense Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turaga, Uday; Singh, Vinitkumar; Lalagiri, Muralidhar; Kiekens, Paul; Ramkumar, Seshadri S.

    Nanotechnology has found a number of applications in electronics and healthcare. Within the textile field, applications of nanotechnology have been limited to filters, protective liners for chemical and biological clothing and nanocoatings. This chapter presents an overview of the applications of nanomaterials such as nanofibers and nanoparticles that are of use to military and industrial sectors. An effort has been made to categorize nanofibers based on the method of production. This chapter particularly focuses on a few latest developments that have taken place with regard to the application of nanomaterials such as metal oxides in the defense arena.

  7. Phenomenon of Psychological Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena T. Sokolova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the controversial issues of formation and functioning of psy¬chological defense mechanisms in ontogenesis and in personality disorders as they are represented in classical and contemporary psychoanalysis, in cognitivism and communication theory. The paper emphasizes the role of cognitive organi¬zation (style, sign-symbolic mediation, representative system of object relations and attachments in individual typological variability of the level organization of ciency of personal and social adaptation, in maturity and mental health of personality

  8. The silent defense: Micro-RNA directed defense against HIV-1 replication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Ajit

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract MicroRNAs play critical role in regulating gene expression. MicroRNA profile of particular cell type bears the signature of cell type specific gene expression. Given that viral pathogens replicate by evading host defenses, research is now focused on the miRNA-regulated genes that critically regulate HIV-1 propagation in human host cells.

  9. Defensive engagement and perceptual enhancement

    OpenAIRE

    Keil, Andreas; Bradley, Margaret M; Ihssen, Niklas; Heim, Sabine; Vila, Jaime; Guerra, Pedro; Lang, Peter J.

    2010-01-01

    We tested whether visual cortical sensitivity to external cues in the context of an acute defensive reaction is heightened or attenuated. A strong cardiac defense (fear) response was elicited by presenting an abrupt, loud acoustic stimulus following a 10-minute period of quiescence. Electrocortical responses to aversive and neutral pictures following defensive stimulus onset were measured using dense-array EEG. Pictures were flickered at 12.5 Hz to evoke steady-state visual evoked potentials ...

  10. Research based on the wormhole attack and defense of the Ad Hoc%基于Ad Hoc的虫洞攻击与防御研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄成兵

    2012-01-01

    Based on the analysis of wireless Ad Hoc network routing protocols Research,pointed out that the wireless Ad Hoc network routing protocols vulnerability and initiated several major attacks in the form of protocol vulnerabilities.The focus of analysis of the basic principles of the wormhole attack,its defense and deficiencies,and to lay the foundation for further study in the future secure routing protocol.%本文在分析无线Ad Hoc网络路由协议研究现状的基础上,指出无线Ad Hoc网络路由协议存在的脆弱性及针对协议漏洞所发起的几种主要攻击形式。重点分析虫洞攻击的基本原理及其当前的防御方法和不足,为今后更进一步研究安全路由协议打下基础。

  11. Preemptive strikes: Fear, hope, and defensive aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halevy, Nir

    2017-02-01

    Preemptive strikes are costly and harmful. Existing models of defensive aggression focus narrowly on the role fear plays in motivating preemptive strikes. Theoretically integrating the literatures on conflict, decision making, and emotion, the current research investigated how specific emotions associated with certainty or uncertainty, including fear, anger, disgust, hope, and happiness, influence preemptive strikes. Study 1 demonstrated that hope negatively predicts defensive exits from relationships in choice dilemmas. Studies 2 and 3 experimentally manipulated risk of being attacked in an incentivized, interactive decision making task-the Preemptive Strike Game. Risk of being attacked fueled preemptive strikes; reduced feelings of hope partially mediated this effect in Study 3. Studies 4 and 5 investigated preemptive strikes under uncertainty (rather than risk). In Study 4, reasoning about the factors that make one trustful of others curbed preemptive strikes; cogitating about the factors that underlie discrete emotions, however, did not influence defensive aggression. Study 5 demonstrated that the valence and uncertainty appraisals of incidental emotions interact in shaping preemptive strikes. Specifically, recalling an autobiographical emotional experience that produced hope significantly decreased attack rates relative to fear, happiness, and a control condition. Fear, anger, disgust, and happiness were either unrelated to preemptive strikes or showed inconsistent relationships with preemptive strikes across the 5 studies. These findings shed light on how emotions shape defensive aggression, advance knowledge on strategic choice under risk and uncertainty, and demonstrate hope's positive effects on social interactions and relationships. (PsycINFO Database Record

  12. Insect response to plant defensive protease inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu-Salzman, Keyan; Zeng, Rensen

    2015-01-07

    Plant protease inhibitors (PIs) are natural plant defense proteins that inhibit proteases of invading insect herbivores. However, their anti-insect efficacy is determined not only by their potency toward a vulnerable insect system but also by the response of the insect to such a challenge. Through the long history of coevolution with their host plants, insects have developed sophisticated mechanisms to circumvent antinutritional effects of dietary challenges. Their response takes the form of changes in gene expression and the protein repertoire in cells lining the alimentary tract, the first line of defense. Research in insect digestive proteases has revealed the crucial roles they play in insect adaptation to plant PIs and has brought about a new appreciation of how phytophagous insects employ this group of molecules in both protein digestion and counterdefense. This review provides researchers in related fields an up-to-date summary of recent advances.

  13. Preparation of Underrepresented Males for Scientific Careers: A Study of the Dr. John H. Hopps Jr. Defense Research Scholars Program at Morehouse College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Rahmelle C; Monroe-White, Thema; Xavier, Jeffrey; Howell, Courtney; Moore, Myisha Roberson; Haynes, J K

    Equal representation within higher education science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields and the STEM workforce in the United States across demographically diverse populations is a long-standing challenge. This study uses two-to-one nearest-neighbor matched-comparison group design to examine academic achievement, pursuit of graduate science degree, and classification of graduate institution attended by students participating in the Hopps Scholars Program (Hopps) at Morehouse College. Hopps is a highly structured enrichment program aimed at increasing participation of black males in STEM fields. Morehouse institutional records, Hopps Program records, and National Student Clearinghouse data were used to examine differences between Hopps and non-Hopps STEM graduates of Morehouse. Two-way sample t tests and chi-square tests revealed significant differences in academic achievement, likelihood of STEM degree pursuit, and the classification of graduate institutions attended by Hopps versus non-Hopps students. Hopps Scholars were significantly more likely than non-Hopps STEM graduates both to pursue STEM doctoral degrees and to attend doctoral-granting institutions with higher research activity. The Hopps Program's approach to training black male students for scientific careers is a model of success for other programs committed to increasing the number of black males pursuing advanced degrees in STEM. © 2016 R. C. Thompson et al. CBE—Life Sciences Education © 2016 The American Society for Cell Biology. This article is distributed by The American Society for Cell Biology under license from the author(s). It is available to the public under an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported Creative Commons License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0).

  14. Research on the Perfect Administration of Government Establishment%政府机构编制管理健全探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓勇; 周永胜

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays many illegal phenomenon occur through the process of administration of government establishment with a lot bad consequences to governmental construction and management. In this paper, the author thoroughly analyzes reasons behind the present situation of the administration of government establishment and puts forward specific countermeasures for perfect administration of government establishment according to the fundamentally administrative principle of scientification, standardization and legalization.%当前政府机构编制管理中出现许多违法现象,给政府机构建设和管理工作带来诸多不良后果。本文分析造成政府机构编制管理现状的原因,在坚持政府机构编制科学化、规范化和法制化管理的基本原则下,提出了健全政府机构编制管理的具体对策。

  15. A Summary of the Third Persh Conference: Strategic Issues in Materials for National Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    Board of Regents Dr. Barry Farmer U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory Dr. Gary Fischman Future Strategy Solutions Dr. Brian Fitzgerald Business...of Defense/Defense, Research and Engineering Dr. George Spanos Materials, Metals, and Materials Society Dr. David Stepp U.S. Army Research Office

  16. A Content Analysis of Defense Budget Rhetoric

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    President’s budget. 14. SUBJECT TERMS Defense Budget, Content Analysis, Political Discourse, Budget Rhetoric, Political Communication , Senate Armed...represent the most recent paradigm shift in political communication research (Scheufele & Tewksbury, 2007, p. 10). These three models combine to construct...this study was to fill the gap on political communication by examining whether Congress was responsive to framing by the President’s budget. To

  17. Defense Horizons. Number 78, March 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    databases , National Defense University researchers have identified 124 examples of effective P4s across a wide spectrum of industries and...environment. notes 1 A review of multiple databases , case studies, and concept papers has identified over 4,000 examples of public-public and public...Partnering,” SONRI, Inc., 2010. 8 Farming First, “Innovation and Incentives for Farmers Needed to Protect World’s Biodiversity ,” press release, May 21

  18. Defense Primer: A Guide for New Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-03

    3 Research, Development , Test, and Evaluation .......................................................................... 3 Defense...Navy,” “to make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces,” and “to provide for organizing , arming, and disciplining the...Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States.... ” CRS has developed a series of short

  19. 电力移动智能终端安全技术研究%Attack and Defense Research on Mobile Intelligent Terminals Used in Electrical Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春新; 李信; 于然; 易平

    2014-01-01

    电力移动智能终端中存储的用户身份、电力运维数据、电网管理数据等大量重要信息使其具有巨大的攻击价值。Android作为目前全球最广泛使用的移动终端操作系统,也为相当规模的电力移动智能终端所应用,然而,其开放性(第三方开发)等特征在增强其功能和提升应用灵活性的同时也为系统漏洞、恶意应用等多种类型的攻击提供了渠道。文章通过对Android系统安全模型和安全威胁的研究,总结了针对Android平台上的电力移动智能终端的远程和本地攻击、隐私窃取、通信劫持和远程控制技术及方法。最后,提出了在基于Android系统的电力移动智能终端上加载恶意代码检测模块和操作系统加固的建议方案。%Mobile intelligent terminals used in electrical systems store much information,including user identity,operation data of electricity, management information,and etc, which makes them have a great value of being attacked. . As the world's most widely used mobile operating system, Android is applied in a large number of applications within the area of power grid. However, the openness (third-party developers) has provided the possibility to vulnerabilities, malicious behaviors and other types of attacks along with the powerful functionality and flexibility. This paper,based on the Android system security model and existing security threats research, summarizez security threats in Android security, including remote and local attacks, privacy theft, hijacking and remote control techniques. And then this paper provides a corresponding solution by adding malicious code detection module and operating system reinforcement which can help us improve the security of grid management system.

  20. Secretary of Defense Report to Congress. Actions to Accelerate the Movement to the New Workforce Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    President of the Senate Washington DC 20510 Dear Mr. President: Section 912(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 directs the...Technology), as discussed with your staff, established a Defense Science Board Sub-Task Force on the Acquisition Workforce to conduct an independent...letter. I have reviewed the Defense Science Board (DSB) report, have fully considered the DSB’s conclusions and recommendations, and have incorporated the

  1. Research and Development of New Chinese Materia Medica for Treatment of Refractory Hematopathy by Establishment and Application of Multiple Technique Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Rui-lan

    2007-01-01

    @@ Research Objective andOverview It is necessary to find effective Chinese materia medica (CMM)for the treatment of refractory hematopathy as commonly used prednisone, androgen and immune suppression agents often demonstrate poor efficacy and serious side effects.

  2. Personality and defensive reactions: fear, trait anxiety, and threat magnification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkins, Adam M; Cooper, Andrew; Abdelall, Maura; Smillie, Luke D; Corr, Philip J

    2010-06-01

    The revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (rRST) of personality (Gray & McNaughton, 2000) maintains that trait individual differences in the operation of defensive systems relate to facets of human personality, most notably anxiety and fear. We investigated this theory in 2 separate studies (total N=270) using a threat scenario research strategy (Blanchard, Hynd, Minke, Minemoto, & Blanchard, 2001). Consistent with rRST, results showed that individuals with high fear questionnaire scores tended to select defensive responses entailing orientation away from threat (e.g., run away) and that fear-prone individuals also tended to perceive threats as magnified. The extent of this threat magnification mediated the positive association observed between fear and orientation away from threat. Overall, results suggest that interindividual variance in defensive reactions is associated with a variety of existing personality constructs but that further research is required to determine the precise relationship between personality and defensive reactions.

  3. An art report to analyze internal and external research status for the establishment of the safe supply system of the foods for military meal service using ionization energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byun, Myung Woo; Lee, Ju Woon; Kim, Jang Ho; Jo, Cheol Hun; Kim, Dong Ho; Lee, You Seok

    2003-09-15

    Since the risk of food-borne pathogenic diseases such as E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella always remains in the military meal service system, it is necessary to develop the method to eliminate this problem. According to the preference survey of military meals, it is shown that soldiers preferred the improvement in quality such as tastes and variety to the increase in quantity. For this reason, the supply of diverse foods, improvement of cooking methods, and the complement of meal service facilities are required. The developed countries such as the United States maintain the facilities to control the environmental factors such as temperature, moisture, and oxygen and they develop and use the rapid methods to test the storage times of each category of foods based on the theoretical studies of food storage/preservation/processing and their experimental data. Due to the ordinary sanitation methods are gradually limited all over the world, as new technology for prevention of food-borne diseases and establishment to manufacture wholesome food, a radiation technology is very effective to ensure safe food and preservation/distribution, improve the safety of processed food and its manufacturing processes. And, the military meal service including combat rations furnishes viability, energy, ability for duty, and mental rest to soldiers. Furthermore, it ensures combat capabilities, enhances mobility power of troops, improves combat efficiency, and establishes the military supply system. It is necessary to study irradiation technique in order to establish the safe food supply system for military meal service and eliminate contamination such as food-borne disease for combat crews as an essential element in military power.

  4. Chinese Young Researcher Symposia on Pharmacology (Track 2) Establishment and application of an in vitro embryotoxicity screening test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YanCHANG; Hai-xiaLIN; Qi-bingMEI; Bei-liQIAN

    2005-01-01

    AIM Developmental toxicity testing to current international guidelines involves exposure of pregnant animals, mostly rats and rabbits, and subsequent assessment of toxic effects in their fetuses. Alternative methods have been developed since 1980s. The most complex assays in this area make distinctive and extensive use of isolated postimplantation rodent embryos which are cultured in vitro during the phase of major organogenesis. The objective of this study is to establish an in vitro embryotoxicity test----based on postimplatation 9.5d whole embryo culture (WEC) and 3T3 cell toxicity. The possibilities for their application as embryotoxicity screens have been investigated.

  5. Research Establish the alignment results database%基于定线成果数据库建立的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓利

    2014-01-01

    本文详细地论述了我院建立定线成果数据库的设计思想、建库实施方法,实现了我院的定线成果资料标准化、数字化、自动化的信息管理。%This paper discusses in detail the hospital establish alignment results database design idea and implementation method of building warehouse, realized our alignment results data standardization, digitization, automation of information management.

  6. Exploring the intersection of race and gender in self-defense training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speidel, Lisa

    2014-03-01

    Research on the impact of women's self-defense classes has primarily focused on White women. I explore perceptions of race and gender identity of five African American women who participated in a semester-long self-defense class. I examine the relevance of the intersection of race and gender to their self-defense experience, focusing on three concepts commonly considered barriers in self-defense classes: body image and beauty standards, perceptions of strength, and perceived vulnerability to violence. Participants' responses reveal the ways that gender and race are experienced as integrated aspects of identity, pointing to the need for self-defense curricula to include an intersectional approach.

  7. 汽车爆胎新模型的建立及仿真研究%Establishing a New Automobile Model after Puncturing and Its Simulation Researches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东东; 向宇; 张彦会

    2011-01-01

    The radius of a flat tire decreases after puncturing,which causes the body posture altered. Therefore, the load transfer brings the change of the lateral force and aligning torque acted on the wheels. The new flatting model of vehicle including a steering system is established through analysis of all the changes.Then the characteristic of lateral acceleration and yaw rate is developed by building the simulation model,which establishes a theoretical foundation for further study on the control works.%汽车爆胎后爆胎车轮半径变小,引起车身姿态的变化,从而导致载荷发生转移.载荷的转移又会引起车轮上侧偏力及回正力矩的变化.通过分析这些变化,建立了关于汽车及其转向系统的爆胎新模型.利用Simulink搭建仿真模型,得出汽车在爆胎后的侧向速度、横摆角速度的变化特征,为以后控制研究工作奠定了理论基础.

  8. Missile Defense: Opportunity to Refocus on Strengthening Acquisition Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    defense operations, see the battle develop, and manage networked sensors and weapon systems. Ground-based Midcourse Defense (GMD) A ground-based...However, this retest also failed in December 2010 due to the effects of vibration on the kill vehicle’s guidance system. As a result of these...the life cycle— research and development, procurement, military construction, GAO-13-432. 15Pub. L. No. 110-181, § 223(g), repealed by Pub. L. No

  9. Defense Budget Priorities and Choices, Fiscal Year 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    defense systems, and investing in research and development for an SM-3/ground-based midcourse interceptor common kill vehicle, resulting in net...sustaining the quality and care of the all-volunteer force — all while implementing and deepening our alignment to the Defense Strategic Guidance signed by... guidance . Replacing these aging systems with new platforms will require considerable resources. Whereas during the 1990s drawdown America’s primary geo

  10. Survey of Small Business Barriers to Department of Defense Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    2010). The demise of the federal government Small Business Program. Defense Acquisition Research Journal , 17(1), 77–92. Blakey, M. (Ed.). (2011...investigate challenges currently affecting the defense industry base. Factors Affecting Small Business Participation in DoD Contracts We conducted a...accounting standards, export control regulations ( International Traffic in Arms), and a past performance rating on previous government contracts (HASC

  11. European Missile Defense and Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    most senior level—the only one that matters in Russian decisionmaking cul - ture—is also of significance today and will also be re- ferred to later in... org /missile-defense/us-ballistic-missile-defense/p30607. 9. Email exchange with author, July 2013. 10. “Safeguard,” Washington, DC: Federation of Ameri

  12. Plant defense against insect herbivores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    defense responses. Plants also apply morphological features like waxes, trichomes and latices to make the feeding more difficult for the insects. Extrafloral nectar, food bodies and nesting or refuge sites are produced to accommodate and feed the predators of the herbivores. Meanwhile, herbivorous insects......Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar....... Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight...

  13. TD-LTE系统连接建立过程的研究与实现%Research and implementation of TD-LTE connection establishment process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱芹; 屈刚; 刘璐

    2013-01-01

    In the hierarchical structure of the protocol stack LTE,the layer of RRC (Radio Resource Control) locates in the third layer which belongs to control plane,and the control function of RRC has an important influence on the performance and behavior of LTE system.Meanwhile,RRC establishing connection in the whole process is an important link in the communication process.RRC connection is set up among different network terminals on the same layer.This paper makes the detailed description about the implementation process of RRC connection establishment process based on network,and reasonable design on the properties of RRC layer protocol.It presents the detailed introduction methods about the design idea of SDL which taking RRC connection establishment process as an example.Meanwhile,it shows validation results of all design by using the tool of TTCN.%在LTE协议栈的层次结构中,无线资源控制(RRC,Radio Resource Control)层位于第三层属于控制平面,RRC控制功能对LTE系统的性能和行为有着重要影响,同时RRC连接建立过程是在整个通信过程中一个重要环节.RRC连接建立过程是网络端和终端对等层之间的建立,基于网络端的RRC建立过程详细描述其实现流程,对RRC层协议特性进行合理的设计和实现.使用SDL与C代码相结合的方法进行具体实现,同时详细介绍以RRC连接过程为例所使用的SDL设计的思想方法以及对设计的结果采用TTCN工具进行测试验证并得出相应结果.

  14. Establish the current status of research development and operational experience of wet head cutting drums for the prevention of frictional ignitions.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Phillips, HR

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available Research has shown that one of the most effective methods of preventing the frictional ignition of methane/air mixtures at the coal face is to spray water directly behind the cutting picks and parallel to their direction of travel. However, not all...

  15. Differences and Similarities of Soybean Defense-Related Genes Suppressed by Pathogenic and Symbiotic Bacteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacterial effector proteins secreted through type III secretion systems (T3SS) play a crucial role in establishing plant and human diseases. Type III effectors have been shown to trigger defense responses when recognized by resistant plants, and to suppress defense responses in susceptible host plan...

  16. Defense Logistics: DOD Has Addressed Most Reporting Requirements and Continues to Refine Its Asset Visibility Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Abbreviations AIT Automatic Identification Technology CONOPS Concept of Operations DLA Defense Logistics Agency DOD Department of...RFID Capability (Navy) Establish an automated information system with automatic identification and data-capture capabilities to improve logistics ...Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, Pub. L. No. 113-66, § 326 (Dec. 26, 2013). 6DOD uses Automatic Identification Technology (AIT

  17. Research On the Establishment Of Tax System with Regional Differences%区域差异化个税制建立研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张奕

    2016-01-01

    Abstracts:The gap between the rich and the poor is becoming more and more serious,and the in-come gap has become one of the important issues that need to be solved urgently in our country.As one of an important direct taxes,personal income tax plays an important role in adjusting the income distribution and promoting social fairness.12th plenary session clearly states that tax reform in our country will establish and perfect a comprehensive and classified tax system.This paper suggests that in this fundamental tax reform,we should consider China's large population,regional income,con-sumption level difference,regional development imbalance,price level regional differences and other basic national conditions,and establish the combination of comprehensive and classified tax system with regional differences.%我国居民的贫富差距状况日益严重,收入差距问题已俨然成为我国现阶段社会普遍关注并亟待解决的社会问题。个人所得税作为直接税的重要税种,对调节收入分配、促进社会公平具有重要作用。在这次综合与分类相结合个税税制改革中,应考虑我国地区收入、消费水平差异大,地区发展不平衡,物价水平区域差异大、区域税源结构差异等的基本国情,建立综合与分类相结合的区域差异化个税体制。

  18. 基于云重心理论的单舰防空作战能力评估%Research on Single Ship air Defense Combat Capability Evaluation Based on Cloud Barycenter Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖丁; 赵金超; 陈勇

    2011-01-01

    单舰防空是水面舰艇编队防空的基础.从水面舰艇单舰防空作战能力的基本内涵出发,按照水面舰艇单舰防空作战能力所包含的3个要素,即防空导弹作战能力、防空火炮作战能力和电子干扰装置作战能力,构建了水面舰艇单舰防空作战能力评估指标体系,针对评估指标的定性定量特性,引入云重心评估法对某水面舰艇单舰防空作战能力进行了评估.结果表明,该模型计算简便、通用性强,为解决军事领域类似问题提供了思路和方法.%The single ship air defense is the foundation of the formation of surface ships. From the primary connotation of the single ship air defense combat capability of surface ships, the evaluation index system of the single ship air defense combat capability is conceived according to three elements, included in the single ship air defense combat capability, the air defense missile combat capability, the aerial defense artillery combat capability and the electron interfere combat capability. Aiming at the qualitative and quantitative trait of index, certain the single ship air defense combat capability is assessed by introducing the cloud barycenter assessment method. The conclusion shows that the model is counted in brief and all-purpose, which provides new probe and method to resolve similar problems in military field.

  19. Sphingolipids and plant defense/disease: the "death" connection and beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert eBerkey

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Sphingolipids comprise a major class of structural materials and lipid signaling molecules in all eukaryotic cells. Over the past two decades, there has been a phenomenal growth in the study of sphingolipids (i.e. sphingobiology at an average rate of >1000 research articles per year. Sphingolipid studies in plants, though accounting for only a small fraction (~6% of the total number of publications, have also enjoyed proportionally rapid growth in the past decade. Concomitant with the growth of sphingobiology, there has also been tremendous progress in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of plant innate immunity. In this review, we (i cross examine and analyze the major findings that establish and strengthen the intimate connections between sphingolipid metabolism and plant programmed cell death (PCD associated with plant defense or disease; (ii highlight and compare key bioactive sphingolipids involved in the regulation of plant PCD and possibly defense; (iii discuss the potential role of sphingolipids in polarized membrane/protein trafficking and formation of lipid rafts as subdomains of cell membranes in relation to plant defense; and (iv where possible, attempt to identify potential parallels for immunity-related mechanisms involving sphingolipids across kingdoms.

  20. Veterinary Research Manpower Development for Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    Sierra Leone’s infrastructure in the recent civil war has caused a significant increase in human rabies exposure. The level of exposure and mortality...importance to its practitioners. From a practical perspective, domestic animals that can be raised on minimal inputs have entered essential roles in Mayan

  1. Review of Defense Display Research Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    Programs Flat Panel Autostereoscopic N-perspective 3D High Definition DMD Digital Projector Light Piping & Quantum Cavity Displays Solid State Laser...Megapixel Displays • Size Commonality • 67 % Weight Reduction • > 200 sq. in. per Display 20-20 Vision Simulators True 3D , sparse symbols Foldable Display...megapixel 2D and True 3D Display Technology 25M & T3D FY02-FY06 New service thrusts

  2. Veterinary Research Manpower Development for Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    will be collected on intake, as well as days 4, 7, and 14 post-vaccination. DNA will be extracted from the oropharyngeal swabs for real-time PCR... DNA from 142 HSA cases and 194 controls. Samples were run on Illumina CanineHD Genotyping BeadChips. The four top associated regions were found on...disease is a contagious and untreatable disease of ruminants that leads to severe enteritis, wasting, and death of the infected animal. As such, the

  3. A Strategy for Defense Acquisition Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-08-01

    attention focused on revising business standards in the wake of the collapse of Enron and WorldCom, scandals are not limited to the private sector...Wind,” bribery and corruption scandal of the late 1980’s, to the recent scandal involving former Air Force acquisitions chief Darleen Druyun and The...and investigators may help catch occasional cases of intentional wrongdoing, as was the case during the C-17 and “Ill Wind” scandals of the 1980s

  4. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency: Strategic Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    ground vehicles, and ships, DARPA’s BioFuels program is working to develop an affordable surrogate for military jet fuel (JP8) derived from oil ...Thermal Exchange Device takes advantage of the special blood vessels in the palm of one’s hand that can readily transfer warmth to or from the bloodstream...rich crops such as rapeseed and other plants, algae, fungi, and bacteria. Initial efforts in the BioFuels program have already delivered BioFuel

  5. Veterinary Research Manpower Development for Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    as a Function Population Management Strategies Gordon, Max Dr. Siobhan Mor Evaluating Cost-Effective Rabies Treatments in Uganda Hamilton, Jessie...Oximetry and Assessing its Usefulness in Detecting Decreased Pulmonary Function in Elephants with Tuberculosis Murch, Cecilia Dr. J. Lindenmayer...phosphorus, glucose, creatine kinase, uric acid, sodium, potassium, chloride, amylase , lipase, total cholesterol and direct bilirubin. Statistically

  6. Veterinary Research Manpower Development for Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    than seronegative cats.  Smoking or cooking of bush meat can be incomplete, and does not completely destroy the genomic integrity of some viruses...15. Chevett, K, Ayres, S. Efficacy of Various Short Progesterone Priming Protocols on Pregnancy Rates in Anestrous Does. Merial-NIH National...family peptide system Summary: Anxiety disorders affect approximately 40 million Americans, with women nearly twice as likely to be affected as

  7. Veterinary Research Manpower Development for Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    mice, which express high levels of Sca-1 in bone marrow, 2) BALB/c mice, which have markedly lower Sca-1 expression in bone marrow, and 3) Sca-1+/EGFP...pending as a confirmatory test to the dFA and DRIT. D. rotundus intestine samples were used in a precipitin test to identify the meal source. Test...and by further examination of their methods of hunting and butchering the meat , characterize the possible routes of exposure to wildlife pathogens

  8. Study on the Establishment of the South China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone from the Perspective of International Law---Talking from the Lost Affair of Malaysia Airliner MH370%从国际法角度探讨我国南海防空识别区的设立--从马航MH370失联客机谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯丽; 艾朝霞

    2014-01-01

    According to the provisions of convention on international civil aviation (1944) and United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the country has absolute sovereignty over its territorial airspace. Any foreign aircraft airspace is forbidden to enter the territorial airspace of a country unless allowed. Accordingly, after a long period of international practice, the United States and other countries have set up their own air defense identification area. Setting up air defense identification area beside the territorial airspace become an international habits. According to the above international treaty and international habits, setting up the south China sea air defense identification area is legal and reasonable. It is help to protect the security of the China ’s airspace and solve our country’s territorial disputes with its neighbors.%根据1944年《国际民航公约》和1982年《联合国海洋法公约》的规定,一国对其领空享有绝对的主权,非经一国同意,别国的航空器不得擅入本国领空。据此,经过长期的国际实践,美国等国家纷纷建立自己的防空识别区,使得在一国领空之外设立防空识别区成为国际习惯。根据以上国际条约和国际习惯,我国设立南海防空识别区合法合理,既有助于保卫我国领空的安全,又有助于解决我国与邻国的领土争端。

  9. 第19届世界杯足球赛德国队进攻与防守的比较研究%The Research Of The 19th World Cup Germany's Offensive And Defensive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌愿; 彭健超; 刘楠

    2012-01-01

    采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法与归纳总结法对第19界世界杯足球赛德国队的所有比赛进行研究。结果表明:本届世界杯上德国队的基本阵型为4—5—1;进攻以快速准确的整体进攻为主,中长传快攻为辅的打法;防守时积极反抢,快速回收,在保持良好防守队形同时结合对对方关键人物的人盯人防守;德国队的弱点是中卫转身较慢,队员防守时盯人不紧等。%Ge, nnany's all matches in the 19th World Cup football match have been studied by literature con- sultation, video, observation, mathematical statistics methods and induction analysis method. The research indicates that the basic formation of Germany is 4 -5 - 1 on this year's World Cup and on the attack aspect; they gave first place to whole attack rapid and exact and made the mid - long pass as the supplementary role. With the defence positive breaking and rapidly mnback they kept good defensive formation and combined with close- marking defence to opposite side pivots at the same time, but their weekness was centre halflmck who turn round so slowly and the team members' marking is not rigorous and so on.

  10. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-30

    Department of Defense. purchase notice agreements — Agreements concerning the purchase of brand -name items for resale purposes established by each...combatant commander’s preparedness assessment report CSR central source registry; combatant commander’s summary report; commander’s summary report

  11. Some Thoughts Regarding Research on Local Notions of the Nation in the Valley of the Upper Kolpa/Kupa after Establishment of the Slovenian-Croatian State Border

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duška Knežević Hočevar

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Today, in part of the discussion on ethnicity and nationalism, more and more attention is being given to the specific European situation “after the fall of the Berlin wall”, i.e. to the problem of new international borders in the former socialist countries of Europe. Namely, border areas offer a particular perspective from which to examine social processes, ranging from deterritorialisation to the strengthening of territoritorial borders, which in border areas manifest themselves in a particular way. Given national entities in border areas certainly most explicitly express their relationships with neighbouring territorial communities, as they maintain, for the most part, feelings of social differentiation, both as sameness and as difference from the core or majority population in their own “nation states”. The author of the paper examines one such area, i.e. the border zone determined by the new international border between Slovenia and Croatia (1991. The text briefly presents some of the most important results of two field studies, conducted by the author in 1993 and 1996, aimed at examining the awareness of national identity among the upper Kolpa/Kupa valley population, and the ways in which this was managed both prior and after establishment of the international border. The author was motivated to make such a study primarily by contradictory explanations in regard to the most fitting nature of the new border that were in the centre of focus from the early 1990s – the majority of which were also noted in the mass media. Among the various explanations on the nature of the border, she recognised two extremes – on the one hand, were supporters of the idea of “Europe without borders”, and on the other hand defenders of the demand for an “impermeable border” against the possible threat from the Balkan area. Similarly, the author recognised opposed views in the clearly contradictory relationship of the border population in the

  12. Origin and functional diversification of an amphibian defense peptide arsenal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roelants, Kim; Fry, Bryan G; Ye, Lumeng; Stijlemans, Benoit; Brys, Lea; Kok, Philippe; Clynen, Elke; Schoofs, Liliane; Cornelis, Pierre; Bossuyt, Franky

    2013-01-01

    The skin secretion of many amphibians contains an arsenal of bioactive molecules, including hormone-like peptides (HLPs) acting as defense toxins against predators, and antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) providing protection against infectious microorganisms. Several amphibian taxa seem to have independently acquired the genes to produce skin-secreted peptide arsenals, but it remains unknown how these originated from a non-defensive ancestral gene and evolved diverse defense functions against predators and pathogens. We conducted transcriptome, genome, peptidome and phylogenetic analyses to chart the full gene repertoire underlying the defense peptide arsenal of the frog Silurana tropicalis and reconstruct its evolutionary history. Our study uncovers a cluster of 13 transcriptionally active genes, together encoding up to 19 peptides, including diverse HLP homologues and AMPs. This gene cluster arose from a duplicated gastrointestinal hormone gene that attained a HLP-like defense function after major remodeling of its promoter region. Instead, new defense functions, including antimicrobial activity, arose by mutation of the precursor proteins, resulting in the proteolytic processing of secondary peptides alongside the original ones. Although gene duplication did not trigger functional innovation, it may have subsequently facilitated the convergent loss of the original function in multiple gene lineages (subfunctionalization), completing their transformation from HLP gene to AMP gene. The processing of multiple peptides from a single precursor entails a mechanism through which peptide-encoding genes may establish new functions without the need for gene duplication to avoid adaptive conflicts with older ones.

  13. Origin and functional diversification of an amphibian defense peptide arsenal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Roelants

    Full Text Available The skin secretion of many amphibians contains an arsenal of bioactive molecules, including hormone-like peptides (HLPs acting as defense toxins against predators, and antimicrobial peptides (AMPs providing protection against infectious microorganisms. Several amphibian taxa seem to have independently acquired the genes to produce skin-secreted peptide arsenals, but it remains unknown how these originated from a non-defensive ancestral gene and evolved diverse defense functions against predators and pathogens. We conducted transcriptome, genome, peptidome and phylogenetic analyses to chart the full gene repertoire underlying the defense peptide arsenal of the frog Silurana tropicalis and reconstruct its evolutionary history. Our study uncovers a cluster of 13 transcriptionally active genes, together encoding up to 19 peptides, including diverse HLP homologues and AMPs. This gene cluster arose from a duplicated gastrointestinal hormone gene that attained a HLP-like defense function after major remodeling of its promoter region. Instead, new defense functions, including antimicrobial activity, arose by mutation of the precursor proteins, resulting in the proteolytic processing of secondary peptides alongside the original ones. Although gene duplication did not trigger functional innovation, it may have subsequently facilitated the convergent loss of the original function in multiple gene lineages (subfunctionalization, completing their transformation from HLP gene to AMP gene. The processing of multiple peptides from a single precursor entails a mechanism through which peptide-encoding genes may establish new functions without the need for gene duplication to avoid adaptive conflicts with older ones.

  14. The Dutch Green Building Council (DGBC) and the Dutch version of the Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM-NL). International label assesses sustainability of buildings; De DGBC en BREEAM-NL. Internationaal label beoordeelt duurzaamheid gebouwen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Uffelen, S. [Dutch Green Building Council, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2009-06-15

    The development of the DGBC (Dutch Green Building Council) and the first Dutch version of BREEAM-NL (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method) are described. BREEAM-NL will be used as a label for the assessment of new buildings by completion. Specific versions for district development and for existing buildings are also under construction. [Dutch] Een overzicht wordt gegeven van de ontwikkelingen rondom de DGBC (Dutch Green Building Council) en de eerste, Nederlandse versie van BREEAM-NL (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method). BREEAM-NL zal worden gebruikt als label voor de beoordeling van nieuwe gebouwen bij oplevering. Er wordt tevens gewerkt aan een versie voor gebiedsontwikkeling en voor bestaande bouw.

  15. Research on the Established of England Fault.based Divorce%论英格兰过错离婚制度的确立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱佳

    2011-01-01

    英格兰早期由于信仰天主教而禁止离婚。16世纪亨利八世的离婚风波最终导致了英格兰宗教改革,建立了英国国教,同时也深深地冲击了婚姻立法领域。自此,英格兰开始踏上离婚改革之路,本文通过对史料的梳理,从而揭示英格兰世俗和宗教在婚姻家庭领域的力量对比以及最终确立过错离婚的历程,并对此改革进行分析。%Early England forbad divorce because of the conviction of Catholicism. Since Henry Ⅷ's divorce crisis in 16th century caused religious reform and the establishment of Anglicanism, so as to impact the field of marriage legislation. Since then, England began to embark on the road of divorce reform. This paper makes a comparison of secular and religious force in the field of marriage and family, the course of the fault-based divorce, and an analysis of this reform.

  16. Move two: establishing a niche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wasima Shehzad

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The significant purpose of the author in the Introduction of a research article is to convince the reader about the importance of the work to be presented. To achieve this end, a convincing “niche” needs to be built by evaluating, rejecting or indicating gaps in previous related work. The purpose of “establishing a niche” is to emphasize the current research project presented by the author. The present paper investigates how Computer scientists use this obligatory step of “Create a Research Space” (CARS model (Swales & Feak, 1994 & 2004 to highlight their own research work. This paper not only compares the results with other similar studies but also presents an in-depth analysis of various types of gap statements used in Computer Science research article Introductions. The issue of cyclicity of this step and the linguistic indicators used for the establishment of “niche” (the gap statements are both discussed.

  17. Effects of Gain/Loss Framing in Cyber Defense Decision-Making

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bos, Nathan; Paul, Celeste; Gersh, John; Greenberg, Ariel; Piatko, Christine; Sperling, Scott; Spitaletta, Jason; Arendt, Dustin L.; Burtner, Edwin R.

    2016-10-24

    Cyber defense requires decision making under uncertainty. Yet this critical area has not been a strong focus of research in judgment and decision-making. Future defense systems, which will rely on software-defined networks and may employ ‘moving target’ defenses, will increasingly automate lower level detection and analysis, but will still require humans in the loop for higher level judgment. We studied the decision making process and outcomes of 17 experienced network defense professionals who worked through a set of realistic network defense scenarios. We manipulated gain versus loss framing in a cyber defense scenario, and found significant effects in one of two focal problems. Defenders that began with a network already in quarantine (gain framing) used a quarantine system more than those that did not (loss framing). We also found some difference in perceived workload and efficacy. Alternate explanations of these findings and implications for network defense are discussed.

  18. Discussions on How to Establish the"People Oriented Value"for Scientific Researchers%浅议科研人员如何做到“以人为本”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘倩; 卢红霞; 盖江涛; 丁书仙

    2014-01-01

    Implementing the scientific outlook on development, "people oriented value" should be the basic guiding ideology for the construction of modern scientific research institutes. How to establish the"people oriented value"for scientific researchers was discussed in the paper from the viewpoint of laying the stress on oneself, others and scientific research teams. It was pointed out that only by establishing the"people oriented value"can the scientific researchers succeed in personal career, motivating others and leading research team and institute to a harmony development.%以“以人为本”为核心的科学发展观,应该成为现代科研院所建设的根本指导思想。文章从以自己为本、以他人为本、以科研团队为本的角度阐述了科研人员如何做到“以人为本”,并指出只有科研人员做到了“以人为本”,才能成就自己,激励他人,促进科研团队和院所的和谐发展。

  19. Quadrennial Defense Review and Ballistic Missile Defense Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    global defense posture 3 BMDR Highlights • Outlines a strategy and policy framework to – Defend the homeland against limited ballistic missile attack...abroad – Collaborate closely with allies and partners – Pursue a cooperative and tailored global defense posture – Strengthen US civilian capacity...reviews in 2010 – QDR and BMDR released February 1, 2010 – Nuclear Posture Review to be released this spring – Space Posture Review, with Director of

  20. Bulk Fuel Pricing: DOD Needs to Take Additional Actions to Establish a More Reliable Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-19

    Defense Bulk Fuel Pricing: DOD Needs to Take Additional Actions to Establish a More Reliable Methodology Dear Secretary Carter: Each fiscal...that the Department of Defense (DOD) will charge for fuel, which the military services and other fuel customers use in developing their annual budget...official with the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) who oversees DOD’s bulk fuel program told us that the department expects to

  1. Hormone defense networking in rice: tales from a different world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vleesschauwer, David; Gheysen, Godelieve; Höfte, Monica

    2013-10-01

    Recent advances in plant immunity research underpin the pivotal role of small-molecule hormones in regulating the plant defense signaling network. Although most of our understanding comes from studies of dicot plants such as Arabidopsis thaliana, new studies in monocots are providing additional insights into the defense-regulatory role of phytohormones. Here, we review the roles of both classical and more recently identified stress hormones in regulating immunity in the model monocot rice (Oryza sativa) and highlight the importance of hormone crosstalk in shaping the outcome of rice-pathogen interactions. We also propose a defense model for rice that does not support a dichotomy between the pathogen lifestyle and the effectiveness of the archetypal defense hormones salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA).

  2. Molecular and structural antioxidant defenses against oxidative stress in animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamplona, Reinald; Costantini, David

    2011-10-01

    In this review, it is our aim 1) to describe the high diversity in molecular and structural antioxidant defenses against oxidative stress in animals, 2) to extend the traditional concept of antioxidant to other structural and functional factors affecting the "whole" organism, 3) to incorporate, when supportable by evidence, mechanisms into models of life-history trade-offs and maternal/epigenetic inheritance, 4) to highlight the importance of studying the biochemical integration of redox systems, and 5) to discuss the link between maximum life span and antioxidant defenses. The traditional concept of antioxidant defenses emphasizes the importance of the chemical nature of molecules with antioxidant properties. Research in the past 20 years shows that animals have also evolved a high diversity in structural defenses that should be incorporated in research on antioxidant responses to reactive species. Although there is a high diversity in antioxidant defenses, many of them are evolutionary conserved across animal taxa. In particular, enzymatic defenses and heat shock response mediated by proteins show a low degree of variation. Importantly, activation of an antioxidant response may be also energetically and nutrient demanding. So knowledge of antioxidant mechanisms could allow us to identify and to quantify any underlying costs, which can help explain life-history trade-offs. Moreover, the study of inheritance mechanisms of antioxidant mechanisms has clear potential to evaluate the contribution of epigenetic mechanisms to stress response phenotype variation.

  3. FundamentaI Research on Defense CriticaI TechnoIogy SeIection%国防关键技术选择的基本原则与运行流程研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘书雷; 赵海洋; 石东海

    2016-01-01

    国防关键技术选择是在一定范围内对国防科技发展现状和趋势进行评价与预测的行为,其目的是着眼世情、国情、军情确定未来国防科技发展重点,进而科学有效地进行资源规划和调控。过去单纯依靠专家咨询的方法已经不能满足国防关键技术选择和评价的需求,迫切需要深入研究国防关键技术选择和评价的理论和方法,优化国防关键技术选择的运行流程和操作规范,为开展国防关键技术选择实践活动提供理论支撑。%The selection of critical defense technology is a behavior of assessment and prediction on the status quo and trend of defense technology development,which aims to determine the keys for the defense technology development in the view of global,national and military situations and then conducts resource planning and regulation effectively.The paper suggests that the method depending on the expert consultation in the past can no more satisfy the selection and assessment on the critical defense technology.Thus,it is urgent that we need to conduct the in-depth study on the theories and methods of selection and assessment of critical defense technology,to optimize the operation flow and operation standard of selection of critical defense technology so as to provide the theoretical support.

  4. New insights of an old defense system: structure, function, and clinical relevance of the complement system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrnthaller, Christian; Ignatius, Anita; Gebhard, Florian; Huber-Lang, Markus

    2011-01-01

    The complement system was discovered a century ago as a potent defense cascade of innate immunity. After its first description, continuous experimental and clinical research was performed, and three canonical pathways of activation were established. Upon activation by traumatic or surgical tissue damage, complement reveals beneficial functions of pathogen and danger defense by sensing and clearing injured cells. However, the latest research efforts have provided a more distinct insight into the complement system and its clinical subsequences. Complement has been shown to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory processes such as sepsis, multiorgan dysfunction, ischemia/reperfusion, cardiovascular diseases and many others. The three well-known activation pathways of the complement system have been challenged by newer findings that demonstrate direct production of central complement effectors (for example, C5a) by serine proteases of the coagulation cascade. In particular, thrombin is capable of producing C5a, which not only plays a decisive role on pathogens and infected/damaged tissues, but also acts systemically. In the case of uncontrolled complement activation, "friendly fire" is generated, resulting in the destruction of healthy host tissue. Therefore, the traditional research that focuses on a mainly positive-acting cascade has now shifted to the negative effects and how tissue damage originated by the activation of the complement can be contained. In a translational approach including structure-function relations of this ancient defense system, this review provides new insights of complement-mediated clinical relevant diseases and the development of complement modulation strategies and current research aspects.

  5. Research on the Field Distribution and Technical Potential of Information Technology in the United States In the Case of US Defense Advanced Research Proj ects Agency (DARPA)%美国信息技术领域分布与技术潜能研究以美国国防高级研究计划局(DARPA)为例∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾珍珍

    2016-01-01

    以美国国防高级研究计划局(DARPA)为例,从DARPA对信息技术的领域分布、技术潜能与影响方面,对美国信息技术的发展情况进行探讨,并在最后提出信息技术对于我国军事技术发展的有关思考。%The US Defense Advanced Research Proj ects Agency (DARPA)was used as an example. from the fields of information technology distribution,potential technology in DARPA,the development of the US information technology was discussed,and the final related thinking about information technolo-gy for the development of China's military technology was proposed.

  6. Molecular strategies of plant defense and insect counter-defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KEYANZHU-SALZMAN; JIAN-LONGBI; TONG-XIANLIU

    2005-01-01

    The prediction of human population growth worldwide indicates there will be a need to substantially increase food production in order to meet the demand on food supply.This can be achieved in part by the effective management of insect pests. Since plants have co-evolved with herbivorous insects for millions of years, they have developed an array of defense genes to protect themselves against a wide variety of chewing and sucking insects.Using these naturally-occurring genes via genetic engineering represents an environmentally friendly insect pest-control measure. Insects, however, have been actively evolving adaptive mechanisms to evade natural plant defenses. Such evolved adaptability undoubtedly has helped insects during the last century to rapidly overcome a great many humanimposed management practices and agents, including chemical insecticides and genetically engineered plants. Thus, better understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of plant defense and insect counter-defense mechanisms is imperative, not only from a basic science perspective, but also for biotechnology-based pest control practice. In this review, we emphasize the recent advance and understanding of molecular strategies of attack-counterattack and defense-counter-defense between plants and their herbivores.

  7. Research and Design on the Campus Network ARP Attack Detection Based on WinPcap Defense System%基于WinPcap的校园网ARP攻击检测防御系统研究与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓妮

    2014-01-01

    深入研究ARP协议及其工作原理和现有ARP欺骗攻击的防御方法,并针对校园网的特点提出了一种基于WinPcap的ARP欺骗攻击的检测和防御方法。%The method of defense in-depth study of ARP protocol and its working principle and the existing ARP spoof-ing attacks,and according to the characteristics of campus network and put forward a method todetect and defense ARP spoofing attack based on WinPcap.

  8. Intelligent systems for strategic power infrastructure defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Ju-Hwan

    A fault or disturbance in a power system can be severe due to the sources of vulnerability such as human errors, protection and control system failures, a failure of communication networks to deliver critical control signals, and market and load uncertainties. There have been several catastrophic failures resulting from disturbances involving the sources of vulnerability while power systems are designed to withstand disturbances or faults. To avoid catastrophic failures or minimize the impact of a disturbance(s), the state of the power system has to be analyzed correctly and preventive or corrective self-healing control actions have to be deployed. This dissertation addresses two aspects of power systems: Defense system and diagnosis, both concerned with the power system analysis and operation during events involving faults or disturbances. This study is intended to develop a defense system that is able to assess power system vulnerability and to perform self-healing control actions based on the system-wide analysis. In order to meet the requirements of the system-wide analysis, the defense system is designed with multi-agent system technologies. Since power systems are dynamic and uncertain the self-healing control actions need to be adaptive. This study applies the reinforcement learning technique to provide a theoretical basis for adaptation. One of the important issues in adaptation is the convergence of the learning algorithm. An appropriate convergence criterion is derived and an application with a load-shedding scheme is demonstrated in this study. This dissertation also demonstrates the feasibility of the defense system and self-healing control actions through multi-agent system technologies. The other subject of this research is to investigate the methodology for on-line fault diagnosis using the information from Sequence-of-Events Recorders (SER). The proposed multiple-hypothesis analysis generates one or more hypothetical fault scenarios to interpret the

  9. The role of psychiatric symptoms, alexithymia, and maladaptive defenses in patients with functional dyspepsia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahbobeh Faramarzi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Functional dyspepsia (FD is a condition commonly seen in gastroenterological practice. The pathophysiology of FD is likely to be multi-factorial and remains incompletely understood. Although evidence for a psychological etiology is growing, few researches have investigated the role of psychological factors in FD disease. The aim of the study was to assess the role of alexithymia, psychiatric symptoms, and defense mechanism in patients with FD. Materials and Methods: In a case-control study, 60 consecutive with established FD referred to gastroenterology and 60 healthy people matched regarding demographic variables were selected. The subjects filled out three questionnaires; Symptom Checklist-90-Revised 40-item Defense Style and 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Statistical Analysis: Student′s t-test and multivariate analysis variance model were used to compare the two groups. Results: Significantly higher scores were found in patients with dyspepsia when compared with controls for most psychiatric symptoms (depression P < 0.001, anxiety P < 0.001, obsessive-compulsion P < 0.001, interpersonal sensitivity P < 0.001, psychoticism P < 0.001, hostility P < 0.001, and total score of psychiatric symptoms P < 0.001. Alexithymia symptoms (both (difficulty in identifying feelings and difficulty in describing feelings was higher in FD patients than healthy individuals ( P < 0.001. Also, the use of maladaptive defense mechanisms (both neurotic and immature in FD patients significantly was higher than healthy individuals ( P < 0.001. Conclusion: Psychiatric symptoms, alexithymia, and maladaptive defense play significant role in the emergence of FD symptoms. This study proposes that FD patients should be evaluated and treated by departments of gastroenterology and psychiatry.

  10. Changes in plant defense chemistry (pyrrolizidine alkaloids) revealed through high-resolution spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Sabrina; Macel, Mirka; Schlerf, Martin; Moghaddam, Fatemeh Eghbali; Mulder, Patrick P. J.; Skidmore, Andrew K.; van der Putten, Wim H.

    2013-06-01

    Plant toxic biochemicals play an important role in defense against natural enemies and often are toxic to humans and livestock. Hyperspectral reflectance is an established method for primary chemical detection and could be further used to determine plant toxicity in the field. In order to make a first step for pyrrolizidine alkaloids detection (toxic defense compound against mammals and many insects) we studied how such spectral data can estimate plant defense chemistry under controlled conditions. In a greenhouse, we grew three related plant species that defend against generalist herbivores through pyrrolizidine alkaloids: Jacobaea vulgaris, Jacobaea erucifolia and Senecio inaequidens, and analyzed the relation between spectral measurements and chemical concentrations using multivariate statistics. Nutrient addition enhanced tertiary-amine pyrrolizidine alkaloids contents of J. vulgaris and J. erucifolia and decreased N-oxide contents in S. inaequidens and J. vulgaris. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids could be predicted with a moderate accuracy. Pyrrolizidine alkaloid forms tertiary-amines and epoxides were predicted with 63% and 56% of the variation explained, respectively. The most relevant spectral regions selected for prediction were associated with electron transitions and Csbnd H, Osbnd H, and Nsbnd H bonds in the 1530 and 2100 nm regions. Given the relatively low concentration in pyrrolizidine alkaloids concentration (in the order of mg g-1) and resultant predictions, it is promising that pyrrolizidine alkaloids interact with incident light. Further studies should be considered to determine if such a non-destructive method may predict changes in PA concentration in relation to plant natural enemies. Spectroscopy may be used to study plant defenses in intact plant tissues, and may provide managers of toxic plants, food industry and multitrophic-interaction researchers with faster and larger monitoring possibilities.

  11. DOD Purchase of Renewable Energy Credits Under the National Defense Authorization Act of 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    The Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005 established renewable energy goals for federal government agencies. The National Defense Authorization Act for...Fiscal Year 2012 directs the Secretary of Defense to establish a policy to maximize savings for the bulk purchase of replacement renewable energy certificates...in connection with the development of facility energy projects using renewable energy sources. This requires that each service purchase

  12. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites collect visible and infrared cloud imagery as well as monitoring the atmospheric, oceanographic,...

  13. Weapons Neutron Research Facility (WNR)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Weapons Neutron Research Facility (WNR) provides neutron and proton beams for basic, applied, and defense-related research. Neutron beams with energies ranging...

  14. News UK public libraries offer walk-in access to research Atoms for Peace? The Atomic Weapons Establishment and UK universities Students present their research to academics: CERN@school Science in a suitcase: Marvin and Milo visit Ethiopia Inspiring telescopes A day for everyone teaching physics 2014 Forthcoming Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    UK public libraries offer walk-in access to research Atoms for Peace? The Atomic Weapons Establishment and UK universities Students present their research to academics: CERN@school Science in a suitcase: Marvin and Milo visit Ethiopia Inspiring telescopes A day for everyone teaching physics 2014 Forthcoming Events

  15. Coral larvae for restoration and research: a large-scale method for rearing Acropora millepora larvae, inducing settlement, and establishing symbiosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Joseph Pollock

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Here we describe an efficient and effective technique for rearing sexually-derived coral propagules from spawning through larval settlement and symbiont uptake with minimal impact on natural coral populations. We sought to maximize larval survival while minimizing expense and daily husbandry maintenance by experimentally determining optimized conditions and protocols for gamete fertilization, larval cultivation, induction of larval settlement by crustose coralline algae, and inoculation of newly settled juveniles with their dinoflagellate symbiont Symbiodinium. Larval rearing densities at or below 0.2 larvae mL−1 were found to maximize larval survival and settlement success in culture tanks while minimizing maintenance effort. Induction of larval settlement via the addition of a ground mixture of diverse crustose coralline algae (CCA is recommended, given the challenging nature of in situ CCA identification and our finding that non settlement-inducing CCA assemblages do not inhibit larval settlement if suitable assemblages are present. Although order of magnitude differences in infectivity were found between common Great Barrier Reef Symbiodinium clades C and D, no significant differences in Symbiodinium uptake were observed between laboratory-cultured and wild-harvested symbionts in each case. The technique presented here for Acropora millepora can be adapted for research and restoration efforts in a wide range of broadcast spawning coral species.

  16. The Establishment of an Organic Farmers’ Market as a Training Case Study and Research for Graduate Students of Organic Agriculture at the University of Palermo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Schifani

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available  Despite the modest regional consumption of organic products, Sicily is one of the most important European regions in surface area per number of companies active in organic farming. The University of Palermo, as early as 2000, to promote the development and success in this industry, the Faculty of Agriculture, introduced two major degree programs in "Organic Farming". The objective of these courses is to train graduates who are technically capable of supporting the organic farmers market, to promote and facilitate the expansion of the consumption of organic products, and to create employment opportunities for young graduates. At the end of 2009, in the area of these activities, a training and research program involved numerous students in the creation of an "joint consumption" association whose purpose is the expansion of the consumption of organic products through the enhancement of a direct relationship with small organic farms who would be unlikely to penetrate large markets, or have relationships with large distribution networks.The project aims to assess the ability of the students of the Faculty to transmit the knowledge acquired in the program, and to investigate the relative issues regarding the new phenomenon emerging in recent years in Italy, represented by the spread of various forms of ethically-conscious consumption groups called "Gruppi di Acquisto Solidale (GAS" or Solidarity Purchase Groups.

  17. Coral larvae for restoration and research: a large-scale method for rearing Acropora millepora larvae, inducing settlement, and establishing symbiosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollock, F Joseph; Katz, Sefano M; van de Water, Jeroen A J M; Davies, Sarah W; Hein, Margaux; Torda, Gergely; Matz, Mikhail V; Beltran, Victor H; Buerger, Patrick; Puill-Stephan, Eneour; Abrego, David; Bourne, David G; Willis, Bette L

    2017-01-01

    Here we describe an efficient and effective technique for rearing sexually-derived coral propagules from spawning through larval settlement and symbiont uptake with minimal impact on natural coral populations. We sought to maximize larval survival while minimizing expense and daily husbandry maintenance by experimentally determining optimized conditions and protocols for gamete fertilization, larval cultivation, induction of larval settlement by crustose coralline algae, and inoculation of newly settled juveniles with their dinoflagellate symbiont Symbiodinium. Larval rearing densities at or below 0.2 larvae mL(-1) were found to maximize larval survival and settlement success in culture tanks while minimizing maintenance effort. Induction of larval settlement via the addition of a ground mixture of diverse crustose coralline algae (CCA) is recommended, given the challenging nature of in situ CCA identification and our finding that non settlement-inducing CCA assemblages do not inhibit larval settlement if suitable assemblages are present. Although order of magnitude differences in infectivity were found between common Great Barrier Reef Symbiodinium clades C and D, no significant differences in Symbiodinium uptake were observed between laboratory-cultured and wild-harvested symbionts in each case. The technique presented here for Acropora millepora can be adapted for research and restoration efforts in a wide range of broadcast spawning coral species.

  18. Defense Spending and the Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-07

    the first resolution. Our forecast projects continued growth in the economy and moderate inflation for one or possibly two years, despite federal...than provided in the resolution. Additional emphasis on defense would, of course, promote defense-intensive sectors of the economy at the expense of...others, but CBO believes the economy could accommodate such shifts without significant adverse effects on macroeconomic variables such as employment

  19. Theater Missile Defense Integration Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    high endoatmospheric defense interceptor (HEDI) proposed t earlier. EADTB. Extended Air Defense Test Bed. A computer-based analysis center for...for attacking deeper elements of an aggressors’s ground forces. Known in NATO as Follow-on Force Attack ( FOFA ). JSTARS. Joint surveillance target...AFIA/INKS ATTN. INKS AFIS/INT ATTN: INT AIR hORCE CTR FOR STUDIES & ANALYSIS ATTN: AFSAA/SAKI 9 Dist-1 w^mmmm mmmm^-mmmemH

  20. 河南远程教育资源库学习资源建设研究%Research on Learning Resources Establishment of Henan Province Distance Education Database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟; 胡宇明

    2016-01-01

    优质、丰富的数字化学习资源一直是远程教育的核心竞争力之一,也是远程教育的优势所在。如何建设优质、适用的学习资源是河南远程教育资源库建设项目研究的核心目标。文章阐述了河南远程教育资源库学习资源建设的类别、思路、原则、策略、保障措施等一系列关键问题,以期为远程教育资源库的学习资源建设实践提供理论指引。%Abundant digital learning resource with high quality is always one of the core competency of distance education,and the advantage of it.How to establish suitable learning resource with high quality is the core goal of research on Henan province distance education resource database establishment project.This paper expounds the categories,trains of thought,principles,strategies,and safeguard measures,etc.of Henan province distance education resource database establishment,hoping to provide theoretical guidance to the practice of learning resource establishment of distance education resource database.

  1. The History Examination of the Time of the Establishment of Tsinghua Institute of Statistics and Census Research%清华大学国情普查研究所成立年份考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑶; 王昕

    2012-01-01

    There are different opinions about the time when the establishment of Tsinghua Institute of Statistics and Census Research among the researchers of history of sociology,history of University of Tsinghua and history of National Southwestern Associated University.The researchers of sociology almost considered the year of 1939 as its establishment time while many related history literature and memoirs shows 1938 is the right year.This article examines the time based on many history resources,archives and memoirs,and its conclusion is the time when the establishment of Tsinghua Institute of Statistics and Census Research is the year of 1938.%对于清华大学国情普查研究所的成立年份,中国社会学史和清华大学校史、西南联大校史研究者在不同的著作中说法不一。绝大多数社会学研究者以1939年为成立年份,但历史文献和当事人回忆记录中成立时间则为1938年。本文在对史料档案和相关文献梳理的基础上,就清华大学国情普查研究所的成立时间进行了考证,并得出清华大学国情普查研究所成立年份应为1938年的结论。

  2. Research on the Defense of Chinese Men's Basketball Team in Beijing Olympic Games%对北京奥运会男子篮球比赛中国队防守的分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞艳芬

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料法、观察统计法、对比分析法等研究方法,对北京奥运会我国男篮与竞赛对手及前四名队防守技战术指标进行对比分析。研究结果表明:中国男篮在防守上存在攻防转换节奏慢、快攻和内线失分较多、篮板球不占优势、抢断等指标与竞赛对手及前四名队差异具显著性,防守缺乏攻击性、轮转换位不及时、身体对抗能力差、整体协同防守配合能力不足。%The paper conducted a competitive analysis on the ability of defense between Chinese men's basketball team and its competitive teams and the top four men's basketball teams in Beijing Olympic Games adopted the methods of documentary analysis, observation and technical statistics and competitive analysis. There are some questions comparative with its competitive teams and the top four men's basketball teams: the alternate rhythm of attacking and defense is slow, the lost score of fast breaking and inside is more than its competitive teams and the top four men's basketball teams, rebounds is not superior to contrast groups, steals is lack of contrast groups apparently, aggressive defense is inadequate, and changing position ist timely, Chinese men's basketball team cannot adapt the higher level defensive antagonism, overall coordination ability of defense is weak.

  3. FY2017 Defense Appropriations Fact Sheet: Selected Highlights of H.R. 5293 and S. 3000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-17

    FY2017 Defense Appropriations Fact Sheet: Selected Highlights of H.R. 5293 and S . 3000 Pat Towell Specialist in U.S. Defense Policy and Budget...Appropriations Fact Sheet: Selected Highlights of H.R. 5293 and S . 300 Congressional Research Service Summary This Fact Sheet summarizes selected...Appropriations Committee on May 26, 2016 ( S . 3000). Congressional action on the FY2017 defense appropriations act has been fundamentally shaped by the

  4. Establishing lunar resource viability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, J.; Fisackerly, R.; Houdou, B.

    2016-11-01

    Recent research has highlighted the potential of lunar resources as an important element of space exploration but their viability has not been demonstrated. Establishing whether or not they can be considered in future plans is a multidisciplinary effort, requiring scientific expertise and delivering scientific results. To this end various space agencies and private entities are looking to lunar resources, extracted and processed in situ, as a potentially game changing element in future space architectures, with the potential to increase scale and reduce cost. However, before any decisions can be made on the inclusion of resources in exploration roadmaps or future scenarios some big questions need to be answered about the viability of different resource deposits and the processes for extraction and utilisation. The missions and measurements that will be required to answer these questions, and which are being prepared by agencies and others, can only be performed through the engagement and support of the science community. In answering questions about resources, data and knowledge will be generated that is of fundamental scientific importance. In supporting resource prospecting missions the science community will de facto generate new scientific knowledge. Science enables exploration and exploration enables science.

  5. 76 FR 72391 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ... Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation (DLAR) 1000.22. SUMMARY: On May 18, 2011, the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) published a Notice of...

  6. 76 FR 53119 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ... Office of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Comment Addressed on Notice of Availability (NOA) of Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation (DLAR...

  7. Technical Soddi Defenses: The Trojan Horse Defense Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chad Steel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2004, the Trojan horse defense was at a crossroads, with two child pornography cases where it was successfully employed in the United Kingdom, resulting in acquittals.  The original Trojan horse defense has now become part of the more general “technical SODDI” defense, which includes the possibility of unknown actors using unsecured Wi-Fi connections or having physical access to a computer to perform criminal acts.  In the past ten years, it has failed to be effective in the United States for criminal cases, with no published acquittals in cases where it was the primary defense.  In the criminal cases where it has been used as leverage in plea negotiations, there has been either poor forensics performed by the prosecution or political pressure to resolve a matter.  On the civil side, however, the defense has been wildly successful, effectively shutting down large John Doe copyright infringement litigation against non-commercial violators.  

  8. Indicators of the development of defense logistics as a science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko D. Andrejić

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In practice, there are several approaches in discussing the achieved level of development of a scientific discipline. One group of them concentrates on external indicators of the development of a scientific discipline, i.e. its research network, while the other group analyzes the science structure, i.e. its elements. The achieved level of the development of the defense system and its (external and internal environment, general knowledge on the development and the systematic treatment of science as well as the present situation in the society require an insight into the internal and external indicators of the development of defense logistics as a scientific discipline (Defense Science. General knowledge on the creation, development and interdependence of sciences as well as internal and external indicators of the achieved development level of Defense Logistics show that it should be developed in the network environment as a multidisciplinary science, in close cooperation with other special disciplines of logistics, within defense science. It could thus contribute to the improvement of the defense as an important public function as well as to closer contacts of the scientific disciplines dealing with technical systems and technologies with the so-called. orthodox military disciplines.

  9. Proteomics in the fruit tree science arena: new insights into fruit defense, development, and ripening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molassiotis, Athanassios; Tanou, Georgia; Filippou, Panagiota; Fotopoulos, Vasileios

    2013-06-01

    Fruit tree crops are agricultural commodities of high economic importance, while fruits also represent one of the most vital components of the human diet. Therefore, a great effort has been made to understand the molecular mechanisms covering fundamental biological processes in fruit tree physiology and fruit biology. Thanks to the development of cutting-edge "omics" technologies such as proteomic analysis, scientists now have powerful tools to support traditional fruit tree research. Such proteomic analyses are establishing high-density 2DE reference maps and peptide mass fingerprint databases that can lead fruit science into a new postgenomic research era. Here, an overview of the application of proteomics in key aspects of fruit tree physiology as well as in fruit biology, including defense responses to abiotic and biotic stress factors, is presented. A panoramic view of ripening-related proteins is also discussed, as an example of proteomic application in fruit science.

  10. Discussion on Scientific Research to Promote Teaching in Newly-established Application Type Undergraduate Colleges%新建应用性本科院校科研促教学问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐诗举

    2012-01-01

      To pay attention to the application scientific research is demands to realize national goal of undergraduate education, application type undergraduate talent cultivation orientation and serves of local social and economic development. At present, newly-established application type undergraduate colleges must change ideas, create atmosphere of scientific research and the establishment of a sound scientific research to promote teaching mechanism, in order to further improve the quality of application type talents.%  新建应用型本科院校教师必须重视应用性科学研究,这既是实现国家规定的本科生培养目标的需要,也是服务应用型本科人才培养定位和地方社会经济发展的需要。目前,新建应用性本科院校必须在转变思想观念、营造科研氛围和建立健全科研对教学的促进机制等方面下功夫,以求进一步提高应用型人才培养质量。

  11. Bacterial gasotransmitters: an innate defense against antibiotics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luhachack, Lyly; Nudler, Evgeny

    2014-10-01

    In recent decades, there has been growing interest in the field of gasotransmitters, endogenous gaseous signaling molecules (NO, H2S, and CO), as regulators of a multitude of biochemical pathways and physiological processes. Most of the concerted effort has been on eukaryotic gasotransmitters until the subsequent discovery of bacterial counterparts. While the fundamental aspects of bacterial gasotransmitters remain undefined and necessitate further research, we will discuss a known specific role they play in defense against antibiotics. Considering the current dilemma of multidrug-resistant bacteria we consider it particularly prudent to exploring novel targets and approaches, of which the bacterial gasotransmitters, nitric oxide and hydrogen sulfide represent.

  12. In Defense of Decoding

    OpenAIRE

    Stenson, Nancy; Hickey, Tina

    2014-01-01

    Literacy instruction in primary schools in Ireland has fallen on hard times of late. Although the 1999 Revised Curriculum for Irish (Government of Ireland, 1999) specifically states that the recommended communicative approach encompasses all four skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing), it is often interpreted as emphasizing oral at the expense of written language. Perhaps as a result, research of the last decade shows that pupils’ Irish reading ability is suffering. While research ...

  13. Defensive marketing: how a strong incumbent can protect its position.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, John H

    2005-11-01

    There has been a lot of research on marketing as an offensive tactic-how it can help companies successfully launch new products, enter new markets, or gain share with existing products in their current markets. But for nearly every new product launch, market entrant, or industry upstart grabbing market share, there is an incumbent that must defend its position. And there has been little research on how these defenders can use marketing to preemptively respond to new or anticipated threats. John H. Roberts outlines four basic types of defensive marketing strategies: positive, inertial, parity, and retarding. With the first two, you establish and communicate your points of superiority relative to the new entrant; with the second two, you establish and communicate strategic points of comparability with your rival. Before choosing a strategy, you need to assess the weapons you have available to protect your market position-your brand identity, the products and services that support that identity, and your means of communicating it. Then assess your customers' value to you and their vulnerability to being poached by rivals. The author explains how Australian telecommunications company Telstra, facing deregulation, used a combination of the four strategies (plus the author's customer response model) to fend off market newcomer Optus. Telstra was prepared, for instance, to reach deep into its pockets and engage in a price war. But the customer response model indicated that a parity strategy-in which Telstra would offer lower rates on some routes and at certain times of day, even though its prices, on average, were higher than its rival's-was more likely to prevent consumers from switching. Ultimately, Telstra was able to retain several points of market share it otherwise would have lost. The strategies described here, though specific to Telstra's situation, offer lessons for any company facing new and potentially damaging competition.

  14. innovation platforms for establishment and management of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adipala Ekwamu

    establishment and management in Borodo and Mekentuta watersheds of central Ethiopia. ... members, (ii) organising meeting and field visits in the absence of researchers or development .... disciplinary team of researchers and agricultural.

  15. Establishment Registration & Device Listing

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This searchable database contains establishments (engaged in the manufacture, preparation, propagation, compounding, assembly, or processing of medical devices...

  16. Establishment Registration & Device Listing

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This searchable database contains establishments (engaged in the manufacture, preparation, propagation, compounding, assembly, or processing of medical devices...

  17. 发电技术创新驱动模式、体系建立的探索和实践%Power Generation Technology Research Institute Innovation Drive Mode, Establish the Exploration and Practice of Innovation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐家荣

    2014-01-01

    As a power generation technology research institute, promote coal efficient clean development will be a way. Power generation technology research institute actively adapt to the new period of development needs, the practice of enterprise development mission, the depth of the optimized integration of talent, technol⁃ogy, management, service resources, break through the bottleneck of technology management system, become the industry's technology leader, lead the development direction of power generation technology research insti⁃tute to low carbon energy, current is an urgent need to solve the problem. Through this paper, the shenhua guohua electric power research institute (Beijing) co., LTD. (hereinafter referred to as shenhua guohua re⁃search institute), the organization structure, management mode, system and mechanism, such as information technology, enterprise culture of innovation and attempt to explore with creative thinking and innovation, and establishing innovation management model, to the construction of power generation technology research insti⁃tute and planning with a reference.%通过神华国华研究院在组织结构、管理模式、体制机制、信息技术、企业文化等进行的创新和尝试,探讨用创新思维统领创新,建立创新驱动管理模式,对于发电技术研究院的建设和规划具有借鉴作用。

  18. In Defense of Shame

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deonna, Julien; Rodogno, Raffaele; Teroni, Fabrice

    Is shame social? Is it superficial? Is it a morally problematic emotion? Researchers in disciplines as different as psychology, philosophy, and anthropology have thought so. But what is the nature of shame and why are claims regarding its social nature and moral standing interesting and important......, thus shedding light on many aspects of this complex emotion and allowing for a sophisticated understanding of its moral significance.......Is shame social? Is it superficial? Is it a morally problematic emotion? Researchers in disciplines as different as psychology, philosophy, and anthropology have thought so. But what is the nature of shame and why are claims regarding its social nature and moral standing interesting and important...

  19. Research on Military and Civilian Integration Level Measurement and Countermeasures in Defense Industry%国防工业军民融合水平测度与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜人淮; 马宇飞

    2016-01-01

    The level of military and civilian integration in defense industry includes the level of breadth ,arrangement and depth ,build the evaluation index system of defense industry civil‐military integration level ,and through the relevant index weight to calculate the corresponding evaluation index .Military and civilian integration level in defense industry is usually influenced and restricted by factors such as economic benefit of civil‐military integration subject ,the institutional arrange‐ments of civil‐military relations and tw o‐w ay transfer of military and civilian technology ,etc .In order to improve the level of military and civilian integration in defense industry ,efforts need to be made to improve the economic benefit of integra‐tion subject ,to perfect institutional arrangements for civil‐military relations and to unblock the two‐way transfer of mili‐tary and civilian technology .%国防工业军民融合水平包括军民融合广度、融合层次、融合深度。构建了国防工业军民融合水平评价指标体系,并通过相关指标权重计算出相应的评价指标值。国防工业军民融合水平受军民融合主体经济效益、军民关系制度安排和军民技术双向转移状况等因素的影响和制约。为了提高国防工业军民融合水平,需提高融合主体的经济效益,完善军民关系制度安排,畅通军民技术双向转移渠道。

  20. Narcissism and defense mechanisms in women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabina Bele

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to examine how the level of covert and overt narcissism is connected to the frequency of the use of defense mechanisms such as denial, repression, regression, projection, compensation, projection, intellectualization, reaction formation, displacement, dissociation, and somatoform dissociation. We can distinguish healthy narcissism, an appropriate self-evaluation, from pathological narcissism, unrealistic self-evalutaion hiding sense of one's own unworthiness with self-idealization and grandiose thinking. When combined with low/no empathy and exploiting of others, one is diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder. In this research we focused on narcissism as a personality trait, keeping in mind that we can differentiate between more covert or overt form of narcissism. We also focused on defense mechanisms protecting an individual from stimuli that are either endangering self-esteem or produce anxiety. Although their use is often unconscious, recent findings support the thesis that an individual can observe and report them. Our sample comprised 203 women. We used Narcissistic Personality Inventory, The Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale, The Life Style Index, The Dissociative Experience Scale, and Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire. Results indicated that women with higher levels of covert narcissism as a personality trait use defense mechanisms, especially regression on earlier developmental stage, compensation deficits on other areas, projection unwanted or unacceptable aspects, reaction formation, and dissociation (absorption, depersonalization and derealization more often than women with higher levels of overt narcissism. The later use more compensation as a way of dealing with loss, intellectualization as a rational response instead of emotional one, and regression.

  1. Knowledge Exchange and Discovery in the Age of Social Media: The Journey From Inception to Establishment of a Parent-Led Web-Based Research Advisory Community for Childhood Disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Dianne J; Sprung, Jennifer; McCauley, Dayle; Kraus de Camargo, Olaf; Buchanan, Francine; Gulko, Roman; Martens, Rachel; Gorter, Jan Willem

    2016-11-11

    % (5/9) of researchers indicated they felt safe to share sensitive or personal information. While researchers shared evidence-based resources and consulted with families to get guidance on specific issues, there was an unexpected benefit of gaining an understanding of what issues were important to families in their daily lives. Parents felt a sense of belonging to this community where they could share their stories but also wanted more researcher participation and clarity on the purpose of the group. The PPR community grew from inception to an established community with active engagement and knowledge exchange. Both parents and researchers described valuable experiences. Researchers should consider social media as a means of engaging families in all phases of research to ensure that research and its outcomes are meaningful to those who need it most.

  2. Research on Modeling of Allocation of Air Defense Troops Based on Programming Method%基于规划方法的防空兵兵力区分问题建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋里强; 王桂花; 王纯; 高建军

    2014-01-01

    The allocation of air defense troops is an important step of troops disposition,a correct scheme about combat grouping and combat formation disposition could be worked out only after the allocation of air defense troops has been done. This paper is devoted to study allocation problem of troops during the process of coordination operation between ground -to -air missile forces and antiaircraft artillery forces within combat zone of air defense troops. Taking the mathematic expectation of destroying enemy air raid weapons as objective function,a nonlinear programming model is built and the optimal scheme of troops allocation is found to help commander make a policy by use of Lingo software.%防空兵兵力区分是防空兵兵力部署的一个重要环节,在进行正确的兵力区分基础上,才能进行正确的战斗编组和战斗队型配置。研究了防空兵作战地幅内地空导弹兵与高射炮兵协同作战时的兵力区分问题,以消灭敌空兵器的数学期望为目标函数,用规划方法建立了该问题的数学模型,用Lingo软件求出了兵力区分的最佳方案。

  3. In Defense of Shame

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deonna, Julien; Rodogno, Raffaele; Teroni, Fabrice

    Is shame social? Is it superficial? Is it a morally problematic emotion? Researchers in disciplines as different as psychology, philosophy, and anthropology have thought so. But what is the nature of shame and why are claims regarding its social nature and moral standing interesting and important...

  4. The Inflammasome in Host Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gang Chen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nod-like receptors have emerged as an important family of sensors in host defense. These receptors are expressed in macrophages, dendritic cells and monocytes and play an important role in microbial immunity. Some Nod-like receptors form the inflammasome, a protein complex that activates caspase-1 in response to several stimuli. Caspase-1 activation leads to processing and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL-1β and IL-18. Here, we discuss recent advances in the inflammasome field with an emphasis on host defense. We also compare differential requirements for inflammasome activation in dendritic cells, macrophages and monocytes.

  5. Communal defense of territories and the evolution of sociality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Port, Markus; Kappeler, Peter M; Johnstone, Rufus A

    2011-12-01

    The evolution of group living has attracted considerable attention from behavioral ecologists working on a wide range of study species. However, theoretical research in this field has been largely focused on cooperative breeders. We extend this line of work to species that lack alloparental care (hereafter termed "noncooperative species") but that may benefit from grouping by jointly defending a common territory. We adopt a demographically explicit approach in which the rates of births and deaths as well as the dispersal decisions of individuals in the population determine the turnover rates of territories and the competition for breeding vacancies thus arising. Our results reveal that some of the factors thought to affect the evolution of cooperative breeding also affect the evolution of group living in noncooperative species. Specifically, high fecundity and low mortality of resident individuals both increase the degree of habitat saturation and make joining an established group more profitable for nonresidents (floaters). Moreover, if floaters can forcefully take over territories, the degree of habitat saturation also affects the chance that residents become targets of takeovers. In this situation, communal defense of territories becomes an important benefit that further promotes the evolution of group living.

  6. Department of Defense Contractor and Troop Levels in Iraq and Afghanistan: 2007-2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-15

    Specialist Moshe Schwartz Specialist in Defense Acquisition Lawrence Kapp Specialist in Military Manpower Policy August 15, 2016 Congressional Research...Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress, by Moshe Schwartz . The Role of Contractors in Military Operations Throughout its history, DOD has...Background and Analysis, by Moshe Schwartz and Joyprada Swain. 4 See Department of Defense

  7. Regulatory roles of NPR1 in plant defense: regulation and function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spoel, S.H.; Mou, Z.; Zhang, X.; Pieterse, C.M.J.; Dong, X.

    2006-01-01

    Overcoming infection is a struggle that all eukaryotic organisms have to face in order to survive and evolve among ubiquitous microorganisms. Extensive research on plant defenses has revealed that defense signal transduction pathways form an interconnected network in which the signaling molecules sa

  8. The Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce: Background, Analysis, and Questions for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-29

    Congressional Research Service Summary Congress and the executive branch have long been frustrated with waste, mismanagement, and fraud in defense...have long been frustrated with perceived waste, mismanagement, and fraud in defense acquisitions and have spent significant resources attempting to...the limited purpose of receiving training for the performance of acquisition-related functions and duties. (Italics added .) While considered part of

  9. Prolonged Cycle Times and Schedule Growth in Defense Acquisition: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    2005. As of June 12, 2013: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG291.html Harmon, Bruce R., Lisa M. Ward, and Paul R. Palmer, Assessing Acquisition...research_briefs/RB194.html 78 Prolonged Cycle Times and Schedule Growth in Defense Acquisition Lush, Mona , Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for

  10. Of Tanks and Toyotas: An Assessment of Japan’s Defense Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    of Defense Agency Research and Development,’ Keidanren Defense Production Committee, 1970 (cited by Michael J. Green, Kkusanka- FSX and Japan’s Search...IAerospace, September 22, 1989, p. 10 (JPPS4ST-8-059.L, November 28, 1989, p. 15). -41- 2""h 5 Bomms at ubsystausm -Japamaee Figheer Alrwaft Years main Type

  11. In Defense of Bumbling

    OpenAIRE

    Alba, Joseph W.

    2012-01-01

    Throughout its history, consumer research has expressed nonuniform levels of affinity for alternative scientific styles. Fondness for the theory-oriented hypothetico-deductive approach has been understandably high, as there is much to recommend it. However, no approach is without shortcomings, and alternative approaches may offer unique avenues to knowledge development. The observations contained in this article are meant to illustrate some disadvantages of a monolithic view and, in so doing,...

  12. Research on the Mechanism of Plant Defense Against Vascular Pathogens%植物对维管束病原菌的防卫反应机制研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明菊; 王红梅; 王书珍; 范佩; 夏启中

    2015-01-01

    维管束病害是发生在作物和多年生木本植物上最严重的植物病害类型之一。植物维管束病害通常由土传细菌、真菌和卵生菌侵染根木质部,在木质部中繁殖,阻碍水分和矿物质的运转,使叶片萎蔫和死亡,导致整株植物受损而最终死亡。对维管束病原物的生物学特性和植物抗病反应的分子机制进行深入了解并设计新的策略来控制维管束病害具有重要的理论和实际应用价值。本文系统地讨论了植物通过两类受体感知维管束病原菌、传递胞内信号、诱发寄主植物对维管束病菌的防卫反应。寄主植物对维管束病原菌物理防卫反应主要包括在木质部小室中形成甲基纤维素(tyloses)和维管束衣被(vascular coating)两个方面,从而阻止病原菌扩散。寄主植物对维管束病原菌的化学防卫反应主要是指木质部薄壁细胞的急剧代谢变化,导致木质部液体中不同蛋白质和次生代谢物的积累,从而杀死或抑制病原菌生长。化学防卫反应在木质部防卫反应中起主要作用。%Vascular wilts are among the most destructive plant diseases that occur in annual crops and woody perennials. The vascular diseases are generally caused by soil-borne bacteria, fungi, and oomycetes. These pathogens can infect the plants through the roots and enter the water-conducting xylem vessels where they pro-liferate and obstruct the transportation of water and minerals. As a result, leaves become wilt, and the whole plant eventually dies due to the impairment of vascular pathogens. An in-depth understanding of the biological characteristics of vascular pathogens and the molecular mechanism of plant defense response against pathogens so as to design novel effective control trategy is theoretically and practically important. In this review, we dis-cuss the current advance on perception of vascular wilt pathogens by extracellular and intracellular receptor of

  13. 基于目标管理的高校教师科研绩效管理体系构建初探%On the Preliminary Establishment of University Scientific Research Performance Management System Based on Management by Objective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张日颖; 穆婕

    2013-01-01

    This paper firstly applies Management by Objective to university research performance management process, trying to analyze the content of university research performance management and management system principles; and then it puts forward the proposals of the establishment of university research Performance Management System based on the analysis of university research performance management organization;and finally it analyses the implementation of the management system and its operation mechanism.%本文将目标管理理论应用于高校科研绩效管理过程,分析了高校科研绩效管理的内涵、管理体系构建原则,并在分析了高校科研绩效管理组织机构构成的基础上,提出了高校科研绩效管理体系构建方案,并分析了管理体系的实施与运行机制。

  14. Issues in defense training systems immersive displays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaylord, Philip

    2006-05-01

    Display technology for DOD immersive projector-based flight training systems are at a crossroads as CRT technology slowly disappears from the market place. From the DOD perspective, emerging technologies arrive poorly matched to satisfy training needs. The DOD represents a minority voice in the marketplace. Current issues include: Satisfying requirements for black level, brightness and contrast ratio, Establishing standard metrics for resolution, system performance and reliability, Obtaining maintainability and self-calibration in multi-channel arrays, Reducing screen cross-reflection in wrap-around immersive display arrays. Laser, DLP, and LCOS projector systems are compared for their current acceptance and problems in defense flight training systems. General requirements of visual display systems are discussed and contrasted for flight trainers for low flyers (helicopters) high flyers (tactical aircraft) in real-time immersive, networked systems. FLIR and NVG simulation techniques are described.

  15. Second Line of Defense Spares Program Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henderson, Dale L.; Muller, George; Mercier, Theresa M.; Brigantic, Robert T.; Perkins, Casey J.; Cooley, Scott K.

    2012-11-20

    The Office of the Second Line of Defense (SLD) is part of the Department of Energy‘s (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). The SLD Program accomplishes its critical global security mission by forming cooperative relationships with partner countries to install passive radiation detection systems that augment traditional inspection and law enforcement measures by alerting border officials to the presence of special nuclear or other radiological materials in cross-border traffic. An important tenet of the program is to work collaboratively with these countries to establish the necessary processes, procedures, infrastructure and conditions that will enable them to fully assume the financial and technical responsibilities for operating the equipment. As the number of operational deployments grows, the SLD Program faces an increasingly complex logistics process to promote the timely and efficient supply of spare parts.

  16. Methodologies for Estimating and Comparing Soviet Defense Expenditures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-06-01

    Chnages and New Goods .... ............. 163 Price Indices Deflaters for Defense Products ...... . 166 VII. PRODUCTION-THEORETIC INDICES...Strategic Control and Surveillance Forces 4. Tactical Air Force 5. Mobility Forces 6. Intelligence 7. Centrally Managed Communications 8. Research...Training 13. MSF - Management Headquarters 14. Central Support Forces (CSF) - Base Operating Support 15. CSF - Medical Support 16. CSF - Personnel

  17. Defense Agencies Initiative Increment 2 (DAI Inc 2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Information Assurance IATO - Interim Authority to Operate ICD - Initial Capability Document IEA - Information Enterprise Architecture IOC - Initial...President’s Budget RDT&E - Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation SAE - Service Acquisition Executive TBD - To Be Determined TY - Then... auditable accurate, timely, authoritative financial data to support the Department of Defense (DoD) goal of standardizing financial management practices

  18. Chemical and Biological Defense Program Annual Report to Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    state public health systems, to expand existing biosurveillance efforts, and to fund research on medical countermeasures against potential bioterror...Detection System (JBSDS) • Joint Portal Shield • Biological Identification System (BIDS) • Dry Filter Units (DFUs) Table 2-3 Biological Defense...Detection System (BIDS) • Joint Portal Shield Network Sensor System • Automated biological remote detection and early warning capabilities

  19. Developing Confidence within Girls through Self-Defense Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Aaron L.

    2012-01-01

    Through physical activity, physical educators have long sought to improve the self-efficacy and self-esteem in girls and young woman. Current research indicates that self-defense education may have a positive psychological impact on female participants, specifically regarding the development of self-efficacy and self-esteem. Through participation…

  20. Contract Audit Followup: Its Impact on Defense Contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-01

    partici- pation would depend on an assurance of complete anonymity. B. TBE SANPLE Research was limited to personal interviews conducted in California...organizations pe:form these reviews. The Assistant Inspector General for Auditng shall review the Defense Agencies’ followup systems. .. The Inspector General