Sample records for defense missile simulation

  1. European Missile Defense and Russia (United States)


    most senior level—the only one that matters in Russian decisionmaking cul - ture—is also of significance today and will also be re- ferred to later in... org /missile-defense/us-ballistic-missile-defense/p30607. 9. Email exchange with author, July 2013. 10. “Safeguard,” Washington, DC: Federation of Ameri

  2. Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) (United States)


    Estimate RDT&E - Research , Development, Test, and Evaluation SAR - Selected Acquisition Report SCP - Service Cost Position TBD - To Be Determined TY - Then...all ranges and in all phases of flight. Following guidance from the President, the Secretary of Defense approved the Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD...based Midcourse Defense (GMD) system to enhance our capability against Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles. We are currently sustaining 30

  3. Missile Electro-Optical Countermeasures Simulation Laboratory (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This laboratory comprises several hardware-in-the-loop missile flight simulations designed specifically to evaluate the effectiveness of electro-optical air defense...

  4. Soviet debate on missile defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parrott, B.


    Although the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) is meant to cope with the danger of a Soviet nuclear attack, the recent US debate over SDI has paid surprisingly little attention to Soviet views of ballistic missile defense. Despite the existence of a substantial body of pertinent scholarship, the debate has failed to take adequate account of major changes in Soviet ballistic missile defense policy since the mid-1960s. It has also neglected the links between current Soviet military policy and broader Soviet political and economic choices. The Soviets regard SDI not as a novel undertaking to reduce the risks of nuclear war but as an extension of the geopolitical competition between the superpowers. This competition has been dominated in the 1980s, in the Soviet view, by sharply increased US assertiveness and the decline of detente. Viewing SDI as a manifestation of these general trends, Soviet decision makers find the prospect of an unregulated race in ballistic missile defenses and military space technologies deeply unsettling. The deterioration of superpower relations has raised serious doubts in Moscow about the wisdom of Soviet external policy during the 1970s and has provoked sharp internal differences over policy toward the US. Already highly suspicious of the Reagan administration, the elite is united by a general conviction that SDI is an American gambit that may ultimately undercut past Soviet strategic gains and pose a grave new threat to Soviet security. 14 references.

  5. The Effectiveness of the U.S. Missile Defense Capabilities as a Deterrent to the North Korean Missile Threat (United States)


    THE U.S. MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITIES AS A DETERRENT TO THE NORTH KOREAN MISSILE THREAT by Issac G. Gipson December 2007 Thesis Advisor...SUBJECT TERMS Missile Deterrence, Missile Defense , North Korean Missile Threat, North Korean Missile Systems, U.S. Missile Defense Capabilities, 16...19 III. CURRENT MISSILE DEFENSE ANALYSIS AGAINST NORTH KOREAN MISSILE THREAT

  6. The Future of Theater Missile Defense (United States)


    withERINT) 1,500 IVf 74C 1998 3.0 Navy Lower-Tier Defense 1,820 SO4 50* 1999° 3* THAAD(withTMD-GBR) 1,313 80 14 2001e 9.1 AdvaaoedCapabflitylMD Systems...Administration cannot, by itself, provide a sufficient buffer between theater and strategic missile defenses. Other limits must be included. Finally, the

  7. Theater Missile Defense Integration Issues (United States)


    high endoatmospheric defense interceptor (HEDI) proposed t earlier. EADTB. Extended Air Defense Test Bed. A computer-based analysis center for...for attacking deeper elements of an aggressors’s ground forces. Known in NATO as Follow-on Force Attack ( FOFA ). JSTARS. Joint surveillance target...AFIA/INKS ATTN. INKS AFIS/INT ATTN: INT AIR hORCE CTR FOR STUDIES & ANALYSIS ATTN: AFSAA/SAKI 9 Dist-1 w^mmmm mmmm^-mmmemH

  8. Quadrennial Defense Review and Ballistic Missile Defense Review (United States)


    global defense posture 3 BMDR Highlights • Outlines a strategy and policy framework to – Defend the homeland against limited ballistic missile attack...abroad – Collaborate closely with allies and partners – Pursue a cooperative and tailored global defense posture – Strengthen US civilian in 2010 – QDR and BMDR released February 1, 2010 – Nuclear Posture Review to be released this spring – Space Posture Review, with Director of

  9. Theater Ballistic Missile Defense Policy, Missions and Programs: Current Status (United States)


    destroy its target. A French-Italian program called SAMP/T (Sol-Air Moyenne Portee/ Terrestre ) is being considered for a point defense system; further...Patriot PAC-3 missile. The Multimode Missile includes semi-active track- via -missile guidance, improved propulsion and uses an aimed blast

  10. Ballistic Missile Defense: New Plans, Old Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Zolotukhina


    Full Text Available On September 17, 2009—the 70th anniversary of the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939 that marked the beginning of World War II—the Obama Administration announced its intention to shelve plans for the U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD that had been developed under former President George W. Bush. Pointing to a new intelligence assessment, President Obama argued that his predecessor's plan to deploy an X-band radar station outside of Prague, Czech Republic, and 10 two-stage interceptor missiles in Poland would not adequately protect America and its European allies from the Iranian threat and reiterated his opposition to utilizing unproven technology in any European BMD architecture.

  11. 导弹攻防对抗仿真中偶极子云建模和仿真%Modeling and Simulation of Chaff Cloud in Missile Attack-Defense Confrontation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜如祥; 宦国杨; 方冰


    Principles of chaff clouds thrown by missiles are analyzed in the simulation of missile attack-defense confrontation. The flight path model of chaff clouds is built and effects of chaff clouds are researched. The modeling and simulation technologies give a guidance for building simulation system of the missile attack-defense confrontation.%从导弹攻防对抗仿真角度分析了弹道导弹抛撒偶极子云的工作原理,继而建立了偶极子云飞行轨迹模型。同时研究了偶极子云的作用效果。该建模和仿真技术对建立导弹攻防对抗仿真系统具有指导意义。

  12. The effectiveness of the U.S. missile defense capabilities as a deterrent to the North Korean missile threat


    Gipson, Issac G.


    Over the last five years, America has placed an ever-increasing emphasis on missile defense and currently spends nearly $10 billion annually on its development. The United States' current missile Defense system is integrated; it depends on the cooperation of defensive elements aboard ships, on land, in the air and space. The objective is to provide a layered defense with multiple opportunities to destroy an incoming missile. By investing heavily in missile defense technology, the United ...

  13. The science, technology, and politics of ballistic missile defense (United States)

    Coyle, Philip E.


    America's missile defense systems are deployed at home and abroad. This includes the Groundbased Missile Defense (GMD) system in Alaska and California, the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe (EPAA), and regional systems in the Middle East and Asia. Unfortunately these systems lack workable architectures, and many of the required elements either don't work or are missing. Major review and reconsideration is needed of all elements of these systems. GMD performance in tests has gotten worse with time, when it ought to be getting better. A lack of political support is not to blame as the DoD spends about 10 billion per year, and proposes to add about 5 billion over the next five years. Russia objects to the EPAA as a threat to its ICBM forces, and to the extensive deployment of U.S. military forces in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Going forward the U.S. should keep working with Russia whose cooperation will be key to diplomatic gains in the Middle East and elsewhere. Meanwhile, America's missile defenses face an enduring set of issues, especially target discrimination in the face of attacks designed to overwhelm the defenses, stage separation debris, chaff, decoys, and stealth. Dealing with target discrimination while also replacing, upgrading, or adding to the many elements of U.S. missiles defenses presents daunting budget priorities. A new look at the threat is warranted, and whether the U.S. needs to consider every nation that possesses even short-range missiles a threat to America. The proliferation of missiles of all sizes around the world is a growing problem, but expecting U.S. missile defenses to deal with all those missiles everywhere is unrealistic, and U.S. missile defenses, effective or not, are justifying more and more offensive missiles.

  14. The science, technology, and politics of ballistic missile defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coyle, Philip E. [Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, Washington, DC (United States)


    America's missile defense systems are deployed at home and abroad. This includes the Groundbased Missile Defense (GMD) system in Alaska and California, the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe (EPAA), and regional systems in the Middle East and Asia. Unfortunately these systems lack workable architectures, and many of the required elements either don't work or are missing. Major review and reconsideration is needed of all elements of these systems. GMD performance in tests has gotten worse with time, when it ought to be getting better. A lack of political support is not to blame as the DoD spends about $10 billion per year, and proposes to add about $5 billion over the next five years. Russia objects to the EPAA as a threat to its ICBM forces, and to the extensive deployment of U.S. military forces in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Going forward the U.S. should keep working with Russia whose cooperation will be key to diplomatic gains in the Middle East and elsewhere. Meanwhile, America's missile defenses face an enduring set of issues, especially target discrimination in the face of attacks designed to overwhelm the defenses, stage separation debris, chaff, decoys, and stealth. Dealing with target discrimination while also replacing, upgrading, or adding to the many elements of U.S. missiles defenses presents daunting budget priorities. A new look at the threat is warranted, and whether the U.S. needs to consider every nation that possesses even short-range missiles a threat to America. The proliferation of missiles of all sizes around the world is a growing problem, but expecting U.S. missile defenses to deal with all those missiles everywhere is unrealistic, and U.S. missile defenses, effective or not, are justifying more and more offensive missiles.

  15. 77 FR 51970 - Renewal of Missile Defense Advisory Committee (United States)


    ... configurations for the Ballistic Missile Defense System. The Committee shall be composed of not more than eleven... shall be comprised of no more than seven members. The primary focus of the Subcommittee is to conduct...

  16. Defense Science Board Task Force on Defense Strategies for Advanced Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threats (United States)


    REPORT OF THE DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD TASK FORCE ON Defense Strategies for Advanced Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threats January 2017 Office of... Science Board (DSB). The DSB is a Federal Advisory Committee established to provide independent advice to the Secretary of Defense. Statements, opinions... Science Board Task Force on Defense Strategies for Advanced Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threats completed its information-gathering in February 2016

  17. Regional Joint-Integrated Air and Missile Defense (RF-IAMD): An Operational Level Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Command and Control (C2) Organization (United States)


    the Naval Air and Missile Defense Command (NAMDC). NAMDC then began training field grade officers through a Weapons and Tactics Instructor ( WTI ...49 Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Weapons and Tactics Instructor ( WTI ), Naval Air and Missile...and Missile Defense (IAMD) Weapons and Tactics Instructor ( WTI ). Accessed April 28, 2015.

  18. Information Management Principles Applied to the Ballistic Missile Defense System (United States)


    of a BMDS. From this, the Army produced the Nike- Zeus system comprised of four radars, the Zeus missile, and a computer fire control system (General...made the Nike- Zeus our first National Missile Defense (NMD) system named Sentinel. The architecture was to cover 14 locations, 10 of which were...fostered the database system and representation of data in a hierarchy (Galliers & Leidner, 2003). Soon the limits of hierarchies were identified and

  19. Ballistic Missile Defense. Past and Future (United States)


    and deployed. These are the two big questions of the anti-ballistic missile ( ABM ) debate. It must be emphasized that the extreme polarization of the opposing positions that have been taken. Consider this statement: “The whole ABM question touched off so intense...earlier that same year by the Washington Post and ABC News11 reported that 80 percent of the American population was in favor of building a missile

  20. Air and Missile Defense Radar (AMDR) (United States)


    March 8, 2016 11:04:34 UNCLASSIFIED 4 CAPT Seiko Okano 1333 Isaac Hull Ave , SE Washington, DC 20376-7101 Phone: 202-781-0461 Fax: the combat system. AMDR will be deployed on the Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG) 51 Flight III. AMDR December 2015 SAR March 8, 2016 11:04:34...Abbreviations Ao - Operational Availability CMS - Combat Management System DDG - Guided Missile Destroyer kW - Kilowatt TTL - Training Task List AMDR December

  1. Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) (United States)


    IBCS. The cruise missile surrogate, an MQM-107 Drone Target, flew a low altitude trajectory against an asset defended by an Army IAMD task force...FY 2048 The difference in the acquisition quantity of 443 and the sustainment quantity of 427 is due to 16 RDT&E prototypes that are not to be

  2. 2014 Assessment of the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) (United States)


    and necessary training aids and devices are not currently available and are not scheduled to become available for several years. Analyses of data...and Evaluation ( IOT &E) flight tests for the Aegis BMD 4.0 system and SM-3 Block IB missile. Outcome. INTERCEPT. The ship detected, tracked...missiles in a raid scenario. FTX-18 was the last of the three IOT &E test missions. Outcome. THREE SIMULATED INTERCEPTS. The ship detected, tracked

  3. Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) (United States)


    Base Year DAMIR - Defense Acquisition Management Information Retrieval Dev Est - Development Estimate DoD - Department of Defense DSN - Defense...Schedule Milestones SAR Baseline Dev Est Current APB Development Objective/Threshold Current Estimate MS B DEC 2009 DEC 2009 JUN...2010 DEC 2009 CDR AUG 2011 MAY 2012 MAY 2013 MAY 2012 MS C DEC 2014 JUN 2015 JUN 2016 AUG 2016 1 (Ch-1) IOT &E Start JAN 2016 MAR 2016 MAR 2017 OCT 2017

  4. Asia-Pacific Missile Defense Cooperation and the United States 2004-2005: A Mixed Bag (United States)


    in cooperating with the United States on various missile defense -related programs. Such close friends and allies as South Korea and Taiwan have made...many local opponents of missile defense argue that the missile threat to Australia is quite low, particularly as North Korea does not yet possess any...2004 in cooperating with the United States. Overall, South Korea does not appear to regard the North Korean missile threat as very likely. Based on

  5. 1997 Report to the Congress on Ballistic Missile Defense. (United States)


    be modified to the Block IVA TBMD configuration. This area defense program will provide a lower-tier or endoatmospheric intercept capability. The...and ADCP completed operational testing and evaluation at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico . A successful TMD demonstration was conducted as part of...UOES FY 99) Sea Lower PAC-3 Configuration Three (FUE FY 99) Navy Theater Wide TBMD AEGIS With SM-2 Block IVA (FUE FY 02; UOES Software

  6. Open Architecture as an Enabler for FORCEnet Cruise Missile Defense (United States)


    battlespace via the FORCEnet information network. Current capability gaps include a lack of common configuration and Fire Control Quality ( FCQ ...connectivity among platforms that is needed to achieve and maintain a robust cruise missile defense. FCQ is defined as data obtained with the sufficient...platform, or a combination of the two. With Fire Control Quality ( FCQ ) threat data from a remote sensor, the remote unit can initiate a launch

  7. The Full Costs of Ballistic Missile Defense (United States)


    Krepinovich, “Defense Transformation,” and Paul Wolfowitz , “Transformation,” Prepared testimony, Senate Armed Services Committee, April 9, 2002...Massive Cash Infusion,” Aviation Week and Space Technology, April 22, 2002.9 Matthew L. Wald , “White House Cuts 93% of Funds Sought to Guard Atomic Arms

  8. Cost Effective Regional Ballistic Missile Defense (United States)


    Defense Agency, Huntsville, AL; Chief, Materiel Fielding Team ( Automotive ), Materiel Fielding and Training Directorate, TACOM Life Cycle Management...Executive Office Ground Combat Systems, Detroit Arsenal, Michigan; Training With Industry Officer, EADS North America, Huntsville, Alabama; and Product...identify the ways and means to counter this imbalance or risk future erosion of our military effectiveness, diminished allied confidence, and unnecessarily

  9. Russian Ballistic Missile Defense: Rhetoric and Reality (United States)


    2012/06/08/russia_installs_new_radars_as_a_ deterrent_15834.html. 130. “Direct Line with Vladimir Putin ,” President of Russia , April 17, 2014...and increases the danger of war. In his 2012 pre-election treatise on defense policy and national security, Rus- sian President Vladimir Putin ...Kontsern PVO Almaz-Antey) was established by President Vladimir Putin in 2002 uniting no fewer than 46 enterprises, including factories, research and

  10. External Peer Review Report on the Missile Defense Agency Office of Internal Review (United States)


    No. DODIG-2015-123 M A Y 1 4 , 2 0 1 5 External Peer Review Report on the Missile Defense Agency Office of Internal Review Report Documentation...3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE External Peer Review Report on the Missile Defense Agency Office of Internal... REVIEW SUBJECT: External Peer Review Report on the Missile Defense Agency Office of Internal Review (Report No. DODIG-2015-123) Attached is the

  11. EFP Warhead Missile Fuze Analysis and Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Wei; FAN Ning-jun; WANG Zheng-jie


    The explosive formed penetrator(EFP)warhead missile projects the blast fragments in one direction normal to the missile longitudinal axis.Through analyzing on the two restrictions of EFP warhead explosion:trajectory restriction and attitude requirement,the concept of fuse time-delay tolerance is presented to be the measurement of the time of the EFP warhead explosion.The calculation models of fuze time-delaY tolerance under two restrictions are provided.Some crucial parameters playing important roles in calculation under attitude requirements are simulated.The simulation results show that the engagement plane angle,roll rate and warhead attack standoff influence the tolerance dramatically.

  12. Study on combat effectiveness of air defense missile weapon system based on queuing theory (United States)

    Zhao, Z. Q.; Hao, J. X.; Li, L. J.


    Queuing Theory is a method to analyze the combat effectiveness of air defense missile weapon system. The model of service probability based on the queuing theory was constructed, and applied to analyzing the combat effectiveness of "Sidewinder" and "Tor-M1" air defense missile weapon system. Finally aimed at different targets densities, the combat effectiveness of different combat units of two types' defense missile weapon system is calculated. This method can be used to analyze the usefulness of air defense missile weapon system.

  13. Making sense of ballistic missile defense: an assessment of concepts and systems for U.S. boost-phase missile defense in comparison to other alternatives

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council; Naval Studies Board


    "The Committee on an Assessment of Concepts and Systems for U.S. Boost-Phase Missile Defense in Comparison to Other Alternatives set forth to provide an assessment of the feasibility, practicality, and affordability of U.S...

  14. 48 CFR 225.7016 - Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation. (United States)


    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation. 225.7016 Section 225.7016 Federal Acquisition... Acquisition 225.7016 Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation. ...

  15. Active infrared systems: possible roles in ballistic missile defense? (United States)

    Paleologue, A.


    Active Infra-Red (IR) systems developed in the past ten years are now available for missile defense applications. The main purpose of this paper is to describe the advantages an active IR system could offer to a ballistic missile defense (BMD). The active IR system considered in this paper is a LIDAR (LIght Detection And Ranging) system. Historically, the Lincoln Laboratory in the USA began using lasers in the early 1960's. The initial applications included the development of a LIDAR system enabling the measurement of the distance between the earth and the moon in 1962. Satellite tracking using LIDAR began early in 1973. Today, technological developments, with the miniaturization of systems and increased performance levels, have enabled new ambitious projects such as the Discrimination Interceptor Technology Program (DITP) program started in 1998 and the use of LIDAR to help in the discrimination of future exo-atmospheric interceptors within the framework of BMD. The first part of this paper presents the possible contribution of LIDAR to BMD: the main roles, objectives, and strategic advantages. The second part gives a brief overview of the technological features of a generic LIDAR instrument, rapidly addressing laser sources, detectors, optics and electronics. Finally, a modeling of an IR LIDAR system, limited solely to direct detection, and an estimation of performance levels will be presented. A list of possible IR active discriminators will be then presented on the basis of the previous analysis and proposed as new constraints in the design of discrete objects.

  16. China and ballistic missile defense: 1955 to 2002 and beyond

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brad, Roberts


    China's opposition to U.S. ballistic missile defense was forcefully articulated officially and unofficially between 1991 and 2001. Vociferous opposition gave way to near silence following U.S. ABM Treaty withdrawal, raising a question about precisely whether and how China will respond to future U.S. deployments in both the political and military-operational realms. To gauge likely future responses, it is useful to put the experience of the 1991-2001 period into historical context. China's attitudes toward BMD have passed through a series of distinct phases since the beginning of the nuclear era, as China has been concerned alternately with the problems of strategic defense by both the Soviet Union and United States (and others) around its periphery. Throughout this era it has also pursued its own strategic defense capabilities. There are important elements of continuity in China's attitudes concerns about the viability of its own force and about strategic stability. These suggest the likelihood of significant responses to U.S. BMD even in the absence of sharp rhetoric. (author)

  17. Sea-Based Ballistic Missile Defense - Background and Issues for Congress (United States)


    Aegis ships. The program involved modifying the SM-2 Block IV air-defense missile. The missile, as modified, was called the Block IVA version. The...system was designed to intercept descending missiles endo-atmospherically (i.e., within the atmosphere) and destroy them with the Block IVA missile’s...the SBX radar in Texas.52 SBX underwent sea trials and high- power radiation testing in the Gulf of Mexico in 2005. It was then moved by a heavy

  18. Reliability Simulation for a Missile Tank Under Random Loading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    This paper presents a Monte-Carlo simulation method to calculate intensity relia- bility for a missile tank under random loading. The cumulative damage mathematical mod- el is established, and it adopts a direct simulation method to present random loading and o-riginal intensity for a missile tank. It can effectively predict intensity reliability for a missile tank in the environment of transport and flight.

  19. Dynamic Simulation for Missile Erection System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    In order to study the dynamic characteristics of the missile erection system, it can be considered as a rigid-flexible coupling multi-body system. Firstly, the actual system is abstracted as an equal and simplified one and then the forces applied to it are analyzed. Secondly, the rigid-flexible coupling dynamic simulation for erection system is accomplished by use of the system simulation software, for example Pro/E, ADAMS, ANSYS, MATLAB/Simulink, etc. Finally, having the aid of simulation results, the kinetic and dynamic characteristics of the flexible bodies in erection system are analyzed.The simulation considering the erection system as a rigid-flexible coupling system can provide valuable results to the research of its kinetic, dynamic and vibrational characteristics.

  20. The Impact on Strategic Stability of Ballistic Missile Defense in Eastern Europe (United States)


    the final chapter of the Eastern European missile defense saga has yet to be written, this study can contribute to the field of knowledge even at...Canada at the USSR Academy of Sciences. This publication is invaluable in examining how strategic stability was viewed at the twilight of the Cold...the Czech Republic are carrying out deliberations and how Russia is reacting to each particular new wrinkle in the missile defense saga ; and

  1. Modeling and Simulating Dynamics of Missiles with Deflectable Nose Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Yuan; Gu Liangxian; Pan Lei


    This article investigates the dynamic characteristics of deflectable nose missiles with rotary single-channel control. After introduction of effective attack and sideslip angles as well as quasi-body coordinates based on the spin characteristics of the missile's body, an integrated rigid kinetic model of missile with deflectable nose control is set up in the quasi-body coordinates considering the interaction between the missile's nose and body by using rootless multi-rigid-body system dynamics and is linearized. Then an analysis with simulation is conducted to investigate the coupling characteristics between the channels, the influences of nose deflection on the body and the dynamic characteristics of missile's body. The results indicate that various channels of missiles with deflectable nose control are coupled cross-linked; the nose deflection tends to make the body move in the opposite direction and, finally, evidences the correctness and reasonability of the kinetic model proposed by this article.

  2. Theater Missile Defenses and U.S. Foreign Policy (United States)


    and Joseph Rotblat (London: Macmillan Press, 1987), p. 171. 11 dowry " to alleviate European fears of being left defenseless as the U.S. retreated behind...surface missile, the design of which came from reverse-engineering of U.S. Nike-Hercules surface-to-air missiles. 59 India could be on the verge of...indigenous production with the testing of its Privthi missile. India has also demonstrated successful development of an indigenous space launch capacity

  3. An analysis of Common Missile and TOW 2B using the Janus combat simulation



    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. The US Army is currently developing a new close combat missile system, Common Missile, to replace the aging Tubelaunched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided (TOW 2B) and HELLFIRE missile systems. The Common Missile will have a greater range and improved target acquisition capability over the current missile systems. The purpose of this thesis is to compare the performance of the Common Missile and the TOW 2B missile in a simulated ground ...

  4. A History of Polish Anti-Missile Defenses (United States)


    tanks, 1,750 armored personnel carriers, transport 11 aircraft, helicopters, and several naval craft.ŕ The WOPK provided air space management and...targets which included missile-related threats.90 Comunnication was an integral part of missile warning. Since Poland’s WOPK was part of the PVOS, Warsaw

  5. Iranian Ballistic Missile Threat and a Phased, Adaptive Approach for Missile Defense in Europe: Perceptions, Policies and Scenarios (United States)


    critical challenges that endanger peace. The institute has offices in New York, Brussels and Moscow. In May 2009, EWI published a report titled...Program: Treading Water in Shark -Infested Seas,” The Heritage Foundation, April 8, 2010, Defense-Program-Treading-Water-in- Shark -Infested-Seas. 129 Ibid. 57 an ICBM until 2020 (using the SM-3 Block

  6. 76 FR 4322 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2009 Missile Defense Agency Services Contracts Inventory Pursuant... (United States)


    ... of the Secretary Availability of the Fiscal Year 2009 Missile Defense Agency Services Contracts... United States Code as amended by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (NDAA 08... Procurement and Acquisition Policy, Office of Strategic Sourcing (DPAP/SS) will make available to the public...

  7. A Strategic Conversation about National Missile Defense (Strategic Studies Quarterly, Winter 2008) (United States)


    they were “producing missiles like sausages .” These quotes, and the overall tone of Reagan’s speech, indicate the specific historical context in this article . LeFevre.indd 108 10/30/08 1:18:22 PM A Strategic Conversation about National Missile Defense Strategic  Studies article /0,9171,923443,00.html. 3. National Intelligence Council, “Iran: Nuclear Intentions and Capabilities,” National Intel- ligence

  8. Missile Defense Acquisition: Failure Is Not An Option (United States)


    missile over Japan into the sea.1With the nation already possessing weapons of mass destruction (WMD), the test launch signaled their intention to...Korea stunned the world in 1998 with the launch of a Taepo Dong-1 ballistic missile over Japan into the sea.4With the nation already possessing nuclear...acquisition agility. MDA’s BMDS acquisition strategy must be timely, flexible, and agile or risk irrelevance. BMDS Layered Architecture Since the NMD

  9. Joint Theater Missile Defense in Taiwan: Protecting United States Interests and Friends (United States)


    people in a disproportionately short period and where the consequences of its release overwhelms local responders. 67 APPENDIX A CHINESE BALLISTIC...2004, Ballistic Missile Defense. Airborne Laser The Airborne Laser (ABL) consists of a high-energy, chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL) mounted

  10. Near Term Command and Control of Homeland Air and Missile Defense (United States)


    grounded the aircraft prior to take off. Special Operations forces might be best suited to eliminate a terrorist cell with minimal collateral 32 damage. We...Review. 27 March 2002. HAER No. ND-9 (Excerpt from Historic American Engineering Record,) Safeguard Ballistic Missile Defense Center ( BMDC ). Heller

  11. Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) Program: Background and Issues for Congress (United States)


    developments in Australia, Japan , and South Korea. 93 Justin Doubleday, “MDA Looking to Integrate European Allies into Missile Defense Architecture ...12 Japan ................................................................................................................................. 12 Other...building, or are planning to build Aegis-equipped ships include Japan , South Korea, Australia, Spain, and Norway.2 Aegis BMD System3 Aegis ships

  12. Complaint Regarding the Use of Audit Results on a $1 Billion Missile Defense Agency Contract (United States)


    our scope and methodology. See Appendix B for the sequence of events. Background Missile Defense Agency MDA is a research , development, and...a $2.07 billion cost-plus-fixed/award-fee1 proposal submitted by a DoD contractor for the Ground-Based Midcourse Defense (GMD) Core Completion...negotiated, DCAA discontinued its audit of the GMD proposal. MDA Did Not Consider the DCAA Preliminary Audit Results DFARS Procedures, Guidance , and

  13. Electric Loading Simulation System for Missile Wings and Rudders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI Rong; LIN Hui; CHEN Ming


    The design and the realization of missile wings and rudders loading simulation system based on digital signal processor (DSP) TMS320LF2407 and direct torque control (DTC) servo driver ACS600 are discussed. The structure and opration principle for the system are presented. Speediness and elimination of superabundant torque are two key difficulties for electric loading simulation system. The method which can eliminate the superabundant torque is researched. Test results show the airflow resistance when missile wings and rudders are spreading can be rapidly simulated with high accuracy.

  14. HOMA: Israel’s National Missile Defense Strategy (Abridged Version) (United States)


    developed by Tadiran Electronics Systems), and the Hazelnut Tree launcher control center.28 Each battery is designed to track and counter —14 enemy...Communications center, (4) HAZELNUT TREE fire control center, (5) GREEN PINE radar antenna, (6) Radar control center, (7) Radar power unit, (8) Radar...cooling unit. A battery has four launch vehicles with six ready missiles each, a Tadiran Citron Tree launch control centre, a Hazelnut Tree fire

  15. Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe (United States)


    and another transportable radar to be deployed in a country closer to Iran (which was never publicly identified). Deployment of the GMD European...former Polish President Lech Walesa and former Czech Prime Minister Mirek Topolanek criticized the Obama administration’s policy toward the region.4...the Pacific missile test range, would have been refurbished and transported to a fixed site at a military training base in the Czech Republic. The

  16. System Architecture for Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile Defense (ASBMD)


    Hobgood, Jean; Madison, Kimberly; Pawlowski, Geoffrey; Nedd, Steven.; Roberts, Michael; Rumberg, Paige


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Recent studies suggest that China is developing a new class of ballistic missiles that can be used against moving targets, such as ships. One such technology is anticipated to cover a range of 2,000 kilometers and operate at a speed of Mach 10. The threat is also capable of maneuvering both during the midcourse and terminal flight phases for the purposes of guidance, target acquisition, and countermeasures. This threat could greatl...

  17. Ballistic Missile Defense System Transition and Transfer Process from Missile Defense Agency to the Army - Innovative or Dysfunctional? (United States)


    initiating development of the nuclear-capable Nike Zeus ABM interceptor, intended to destroy an incoming enemy warhead with an airborne nuclear explosion. The...intercept an incoming warhead using the nuclear-tipped Nike Zeus missile. Although DoD cancelled the Nike Zeus system due to technical and operational...budgeting, and initiate issue resolution through the Army/MDA Board of Directors to ensure adequate representation of the Service’s interests

  18. Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (United States)


    for decommissioning the BMDS to prot(lct the Uruted ~tatoo lU.~.J . ns depbyed forces . friends. and aUlas hom b~Uistic missile throats. The...intcr~contincmal balh:. tic 7) The President would, m reaffirm the entire L’l’- de\\’cl<I•Pmcn:, human rigl:ts ~;caic. leader the ratitlcatlon...aspi."Ct’< oft he Balli~ tic Miss1k DetCnsc (BMD) pwgrarn. Acid rain; The MDA ihcl:·noti..’S i:1 the ?EIS the pn:.sibility cfa..:id rain cuuseC

  19. Digital Array Radar for Ballistic Missile Defense and Counter-Stealth Systems Analysis and Parameter Tradeoff Study (United States)


    Missile BMD Ballistic Missile Defense CAS Computer Algebra System CDD Capability Development Document CONOPS Concept of Operations CONUS Continental...this section. Analysis and calculations described in this section were conducted using Waterloo Maple® 7 Computer Algebra System (CAS). Initially...When two or more electromagnetic waves combine, their electric fields are integrated vectorially at each point in space for any

  20. Missile Defense: Opportunity to Refocus on Strengthening Acquisition Management (United States)


    defense operations, see the battle develop, and manage networked sensors and weapon systems. Ground-based Midcourse Defense (GMD) A ground-based...However, this retest also failed in December 2010 due to the effects of vibration on the kill vehicle’s guidance system. As a result of these...the life cycle— research and development, procurement, military construction, GAO-13-432. 15Pub. L. No. 110-181, § 223(g), repealed by Pub. L. No

  1. Modular Open System Architecture for Reducing Contamination Risk in the Space and Missile Defense Supply Chain (United States)

    Seasly, Elaine


    To combat contamination of physical assets and provide reliable data to decision makers in the space and missile defense community, a modular open system architecture for creation of contamination models and standards is proposed. Predictive tools for quantifying the effects of contamination can be calibrated from NASA data of long-term orbiting assets. This data can then be extrapolated to missile defense predictive models. By utilizing a modular open system architecture, sensitive data can be de-coupled and protected while benefitting from open source data of calibrated models. This system architecture will include modules that will allow the designer to trade the effects of baseline performance against the lifecycle degradation due to contamination while modeling the lifecycle costs of alternative designs. In this way, each member of the supply chain becomes an informed and active participant in managing contamination risk early in the system lifecycle.

  2. Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) Program: Background and Issues for Congress (United States)


    many ships will be available; and how the alphabet- soup of U.S. and international commanders will work together in a crisis. [Admiral Mark...meeting outside of missile defense,” Campbell said during a Nov. 3 interview with Aviation Week. These include providing weapons and manpower for...would seem a natural mission for the Army to fund and field the land-based SM-3 mission as the lead service. Campbell notes that the Army has 10

  3. 基于Multi-Agent的防空导弹武器系统模型设计%Design of Multi-Agent Based Model on Air Defense Missile Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宝印; 栾立秋; 张成斌


    建立科学的结构模型是进行防空导弹武器系统仿真的基础和关键环节.针对防空导弹武器系统的特点,提出了基于Multi-Agent的防空导弹武器系统模型建模方法,设计了防空导弹武器系统模型结构.利用Multi-Agent建模技术,把防空导弹武器系统实体映射成相应的Multi-Agent系统,并以Agent的形式对防空导弹武器系统这一客观复杂系统进行了深刻的认识,为防空导弹武器系统建模仿真奠定了基础.%Forming a scientific system model is the key of Air Defense Missile Weapon System simulation. According to the characters of Air Defense Missile Weapon System, a modeling method of multi-agent based model on Air Defense Missile Weapon System is given. The framework on Air Defense Missile Weapon System is designed. Using the Multi-Agent modeling technology, maps the Air Defense Missile Weapon System entity the corresponding Multi-Agent system, and carries on the profound understanding by the Agent form to Air Defense Missile Weapon System this objective complicated, which will be helpful to realize the modeling simulation on Air Defense Missile Weapon System.

  4. 一种导弹防空视景仿真系统设计与Vega实现%Design and Realization of Scene Simulation System for Missile Defense Based on Vega

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张继山; 程文娟; 陆文骏


    虚拟现实技术是目前国内外仿真界研究的热点之一,而视景仿真技术是其核心技术。利用Vega软件,研究了防空导弹发现并截击飞机的视景仿真过程,研究了点击式图形环境Lynx和Vega软件的开发方法,对类似问题的研究提供了帮助。%The technique of Virtual Reality is one of hot points in domestic and international simulation field, which studies simulation boundary. And technique of scene simulation is a core technique. By using Vega software, a complete guided missile is discovered and cutting the process of the shot airplane is designed, and the click type sketch environment of Lynx with the Vega software development method is also researched. It's helpful for similar problem.

  5. Design and Implementation of One Missile Visual Simulation System Based on OpenGL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Ying; ZHANG Pu-zhao; PENG Yu-xin; HUANG Jian-guo


    The implementation of a missile's visual simulation system is explained that is developed with OpenGL(open graphic library) and the flight path and flight carriage in different stages of the missile are displayed. The establishment problems of the 3D scene are circumstantiated including the construction and redeployment of the model, creation of the virtual scene, setting of the multi-viewports and multi-windows etc. The missile's data driver, system flow, the modules and their mutual relations of the missile visual simulation system are discussed. The missile flight simulation results and effect of the scenes are given.

  6. Analyzing and designing object-oriented missile simulations with concurrency (United States)

    Randorf, Jeffrey Allen


    A software object model for the six degree-of-freedom missile modeling domain is presented. As a precursor, a domain analysis of the missile modeling domain was started, based on the Feature-Oriented Domain Analysis (FODA) technique described by the Software Engineering Institute (SEI). It was subsequently determined the FODA methodology is functionally equivalent to the Object Modeling Technique. The analysis used legacy software documentation and code from the ENDOSIM, KDEC, and TFrames 6-DOF modeling tools, including other technical literature. The SEI Object Connection Architecture (OCA) was the template for designing the object model. Three variants of the OCA were considered---a reference structure, a recursive structure, and a reference structure with augmentation for flight vehicle modeling. The reference OCA design option was chosen for maintaining simplicity while not compromising the expressive power of the OMT model. The missile architecture was then analyzed for potential areas of concurrent computing. It was shown how protected objects could be used for data passing between OCA object managers, allowing concurrent access without changing the OCA reference design intent or structure. The implementation language was the 1995 release of Ada. OCA software components were shown how to be expressed as Ada child packages. While acceleration of several low level and other high operations level are possible on proper hardware, there was a 33% degradation of 4th order Runge-Kutta integrator performance of two simultaneous ordinary differential equations using Ada tasking on a single processor machine. The Defense Department's High Level Architecture was introduced and explained in context with the OCA. It was shown the HLA and OCA were not mutually exclusive architectures, but complimentary. HLA was shown as an interoperability solution, with the OCA as an architectural vehicle for software reuse. Further directions for implementing a 6-DOF missile modeling

  7. Missile Defense: DOD’s Report Provides Limited Insight on Improvements to Homeland Missile Defense and Acquisition Plans (United States)


    1 As part of this system, the Department of Defense (DOD) has already deployed 30 ground-based interceptors—consisting of a booster with a kill...determines if the new EKV and booster components work as intended and, according to acquisition best practices, should be conducted before production...Appropriations United States Senate The Honorable Howard P. “ Buck ” McKeon Chairman The Honorable Adam Smith Ranking Member Committee on Armed

  8. Hardware in Loop Simulation for Missile Guidance and Control Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. K. Chaudhuri


    Full Text Available The purpose of the guidance law is to determine appropriate missile flight path dynamics to achieve mission objective in an efficient manner based on navigation information. Today, guided missiles which are aerodynamically unstable or non-linear in all or part of the flight envelopes need control systems for stability as well as for steering. Many classical guidance and control laws have been used for tactical missiles with varying degrees of performance, complexity and seeker/sensor requirements. Increased accuracy requirements and more dynamic tactics of modern warfare demand improvement of performance which is a trade-off between sophisticated hardware and more sophisticated software. To avoid increase in cost by hardware sophistication, today's trend is to exploit new theoretical methods and low cost high speed microprocessor techniques. Missile test flights are very expensive. The missile system with its sophisticated software and hardware is not reusable after a test launch. Hardware-in-loop Simulation (HILS facilities and methodology form a well integrated system aimed at transforming a preliminary guidance and control system design to flight software and hardware with trajectory right from lift-off till its impact. Various guidance and control law studies pertaining to gathering basket and stability margins, pre-flight, post-flight analyses and validation of support systems have been carried out using this methodology. Nearly full spectrum of dynamically accurate six-degrees-of-freedom (6-DOF model of missile systems has been realised in the HILS scenario. The HILS facility allows interconnection of missile hardware in flight configuration. Pre-flight HILS results have matched fairly well with actual flight trial results. It was possible to detect many hidden defects in the onboard guidance and control software as well as in hardware during HILS. Deficiencies in model, like tail-wag-dog (TWD, flexibility, seeker dynamics and defects in

  9. The analysis of a generic air-to-air missile simulation model (United States)

    Kaplan, Joseph A.; Chappell, Alan R.; Mcmanus, John W.


    A generic missile model was developed to evaluate the benefits of using a dynamic missile fly-out simulation system versus a static missile launch envelope system for air-to-air combat simulation. This paper examines the performance of a launch envelope model and a missile fly-out model. The launch envelope model bases its probability of killing the target aircraft on the target aircraft's position at the launch time of the weapon. The benefits gained from a launch envelope model are the simplicity of implementation and the minimal computational overhead required. A missile fly-out model takes into account the physical characteristics of the missile as it simulates the guidance, propulsion, and movement of the missile. The missile's probability of kill is based on the missile miss distance (or the minimum distance between the missile and the target aircraft). The problems associated with this method of modeling are a larger computational overhead, the additional complexity required to determine the missile miss distance, and the additional complexity of determining the reason(s) the missile missed the target. This paper evaluates the two methods and compares the results of running each method on a comprehensive set of test conditions.

  10. Design and Simulation of TF and TA Controller for Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHA Xu; GUANG Cheng-qi; CUI Ping-yuan; LIU Yong-cai


    A nonlinear terrain following(TF) and terrain avoidance(TA) controller is proposed for missile control systems.Based on classical TF algorithm (adaptive angle method), a new method for TF controller is proposed by using angle of attack. A method of obtaining terrain outline data from digital elevation map (DEM) for TF control is discussed in order to save store space. A TA algorithm is proposed by using bank-to-turn technique. The block control model, which is suitable for backstepping design, is given for nonlinear model of missile. Making full use of the characteristics of the system and combining block control principle and backstepping technique, a robust controller design method is proposed. Uncertainties in every sub-block are allowed, and can be canceled by using the idea of nonlinear damping. It is proved that the state tracking errors are converged to a neighborhood of the origin exponentially. Finally, nonlinear six-degree-of-freedom simulation results for the missile model are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control law.

  11. Physics of a ballistic missile defense - The chemical laser boost-phase defense (United States)

    Grabbe, Crockett L.


    The basic physics involved in proposals to use a chemical laser based on satellites for a boost-phase defense are investigated. After a brief consideration of simple physical conditions for the defense, a calculation of an equation for the number of satellites needed for the defense is made along with some typical values of this for possible future conditions for the defense. Basic energy and power requirements for the defense are determined. A sumary is made of probable minimum conditions that must be achieved for laser power, targeting accuracy, number of satellites, and total sources for power needed.

  12. Missile-Borne SAR Raw Signal Simulation for Maneuvering Target

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weijie Xia


    Full Text Available SAR raw signal simulation under the case of maneuver and high-speed has been a challenging and urgent work recently. In this paper, a new method based on one-dimensional fast Fourier transform (1DFFT algorithm is presented for raw signal simulation of maneuvering target for missile-borne SAR. Firstly, SAR time-domain raw signal model is given and an effective Range Frequency Azimuth Time (RFAT algorithm based on 1DFFT is derived. In this algorithm, the “Stop and Go” (SaG model is adopted and the wide radar scattering characteristic of target is taken into account. Furthermore, the “Inner Pulse Motion” (IPM model is employed to deal with high-speed case. This new RFAT method can handle the maneuvering cases, high-speed cases, and bistatic radar cases, which are all possible in the missile-borne SAR. Besides, this raw signal simulation adopts the electromagnetic scattering calculation so that we do not need a scattering rate distribution map as the simulation input. Thus, the multiple electromagnetic reflections can be considered. Simulation examples prove the effectiveness of our method.

  13. The Impact of Czech Domestic Politics on Missile Defense Agreements Between the United States and the Czech Republic (United States)


    EU membership, although the outspoken leader of the OSD, Vaclav Klaus was loudly critical of many aspects of the EU.23 The Czech leadership after...the parliamentarians required three elections43 and three rounds of balloting before the compromise appointment of ODS founder Vaclav Klaus as...defense6 and in June 2000 suggested to Czech President Vaclav Havel that the Czech Republic offer to host a US missile defense radar.7 Most

  14. Computer simulation of absolute and contrast infrared signatures from missile noses (United States)

    Tofani, Alessandro


    A computer simulation was performed to obtain an estimate of the infrared radiant intensity and radiative contrast produced by missile noses. The temperature distribution on the nose was computed by taking into account the effects of aerodynamic and solar heating, sky irradiance, and radiative cooling. The corresponding absolute and contrast signatures were obtained by considering the influence of both atmosphere and target geometry, for six target classes, including cruise missiles, tactical ballistic missiles, and air-to-air and surface-to-surface missiles. Both radiant intensity and radiative contrast were computed as a function of missile altitude or missile distance for all targets. A comparison of radiative quantities in the 3- to 5-micron and 8- to 12-micron bands shows that usually the spectral region that gives the strongest signal is not the one that gives the highest contrast.

  15. Strategic culture and ballistic missile defense: Russia and the United States. Master's thesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, M.D.


    This thesis examines U.S. and Russian history and current policy debates to advance understanding of: (1) the strategic cultures of these nations, particularly with respect to BMD policies in the recent past; and (2) whether and how their strategic cultures and approaches to BMD are changing and how that may affect future strategic BMD developments and the status of the ABM Treaty. The development of BMD strategies, including policies concerning the ABM Treaty, within the framework of the established American and Russian strategic cultures is studied, with due attention to the Soviet experience and legacy in the Russian case. U.S. strategic culture does not seem to have changed significantly with the end of the Cold War, but U.S. BMD priorities have been redefined to reflect a higher priority attached to regional and theater-level defenses. It is apparent that the Soviet experience did have a significant impact on Russian strategic culture. Faced with major changes in its international status, domestic political-military arrangements, and scope of national security concerns, Russian strategic culture is nonetheless moving beyond the old Soviet culture. Future Russian policies regarding the transfer of BMD technology, sharing early warning data, and participating in a global protective system are heavily dependent on domestic political developments. United States, Russia, USSR, Strategic culture, Ballistic missile defense, National strategy, Nuclear strategy, Strategic defense, ABM Treaty, Arms control, Strategic stability.

  16. Ogive Nose Hard Missile Penetrating Concrete Slab Numerical Simulation Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qadir Bux


    Full Text Available Great demand exists for more efficient design to protect delicate and serious structures such as nuclear plants, Power plants, Weapon Industries, weapons storage places, water retaining structures, & etc, against impact of kinetic missiles generated both accidentally and deliberately such as dynamic loading, incident occurs in nuclear plants, terrorist attack, Natural disasters like tsunami and etc., in various impact and blast scenarios for both civilian and military activities. In many cases, projectiles can be treated as rigid bodies when their damage and erosion are not severe. Due to the intricacy of the local impact damages, investigations are generally based on experimental data. Conclusions of the experimental observations are then used to guide engineering models. Local damages studies normally fall into three categories, i.e. empirical formulae based on data fitting, idealised analytical models based on physic laws and numerical simulations based on computational mechanics and material models. In the present study, 2D asymmetrical numerical simulation have done on concrete slab against the impact of  ogive nose hard missile of 26.90mm and 76.20mm diameter with CRH ratio 2.0 and 6.0 respectively, for penetration by using Concrete Damaged Plasticity Model, and ABAQUS/Explicit dynamic analysis in ABAQUS. It is found that the strains/stresses are induced in the concrete slab and a very nicely propagation of the stresses inside the  concrete slab in the form of waves, which is a clear indication for vibrations of the concrete. The lack of failure criterion in concrete damaged plasticity model does not allow the removal of elements during the analyses. This means that spalling, scabbing, and perforation cannot be modelled with the Concrete Damage Plasticity Model. The penetration depth results shows that the deeper penetration requires higher critical impact kinetic energies, and comparison shows the simulation results are more accurate

  17. Joint Counterair and Theater Missile Defense Doctrine to Defend against Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Cruise Missiles in Asymmetric Warfare (United States)


    state lasers, and a megawatt-class Chemical Oxygen Iodine Laser (COIL) to detect, track, target, and destroy ballistic missiles shortly after launch... disproportionate cost tradeoff between threat weapon systems and the proposed interceptors. With a price tag of over $1M per interceptor such as Patriot

  18. Simulation Analysis of Wave Effect on Exceeding Water Gesture and Load of Submarine Launched Missile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ke Zhao


    Full Text Available In this study, we have a research on wave action on the submarine launched missile water trajectory and gesture angles during the process between launch and exit from water. Infinite water depth plane wave was used as the wave model, mathematics models of missile exceeding water under different wave conditions were established based on ideal potential flow theory. The flow field velocity potential was obtained by solving the Laplace equation, thus can obtain missile surface pressure. Considering free surface effects, simple Green’s function was introduced to solve boundary value problems. Three-dimensional Fortran program and finite software ABAQUS were combined to complete the fluid-structure interaction simulation. The rules that wave level and phases effects on submarine-launched missile were finally obtained, which shows wave affect cannot be neglected. Simulation methods and results of this study have a certain reference value for the submarine-launched missile launching.

  19. Modeling and Simulation of Control Actuation System with Fuzzy-PID Logic Controlled Brushless Motor Drives for Missiles Glider Applications. (United States)

    Muniraj, Murali; Arulmozhiyal, Ramaswamy


    A control actuation system has been used extensively in automotive, aerospace, and defense applications. The major challenges in modeling control actuation system are rise time, maximum peak to peak overshoot, and response to nonlinear system with percentage error. This paper addresses the challenges in modeling and real time implementation of control actuation system for missiles glider applications. As an alternative fuzzy-PID controller is proposed in BLDC motor drive followed by linkage mechanism to actuate fins in missiles and gliders. The proposed system will realize better rise time and less overshoot while operating in extreme nonlinear dynamic system conditions. A mathematical model of BLDC motor is derived in state space form. The complete control actuation system is modeled in MATLAB/Simulink environment and verified by performing simulation studies. A real time prototype of the control actuation is developed with dSPACE-1104 hardware controller and a detailed analysis is carried out to confirm the viability of the proposed system.

  20. Peeling the onion: an heuristic overview of hit-to-kill missile defense in the 21st century (United States)

    LaCroix, Len; Kurzius, Shelby


    Researchers engaged in the development of infrared detector technologies may well benefit from a broader understanding of their products from the perspective of the end-user. An appreciation of how this technology is to be used by system designers, many of whom possess only a rudimentary understanding of quantum physics, is highly germane. Answers to questions like: "What device technology will be employed," "How will the device be used?" and "What are the impacts on signal-to-noise?" are of critical importance. In this paper, some of the fundamentals of hit-to-kill missile defense technology are examined in a largely non-mathematical context. From its "Star Wars" inception during the Reagan administration, to today"s Missile Defense Agency, the core requirement of missile defense has not changed - find the threat and destroy it before it reaches its destination. This fundamental requirement, while conceptually straightforward, is extraordinarily difficult to satisfy, and is almost exclusively dependent on our ability to detect and designate a relatively small, very fast-moving, room-temperature object, at great distances, and usually in a severe environment of shock and vibration further clouded by error and uncertainty. With an obvious bias toward passive IR detection and associated focal plane array characteristics, the flight of a fictitious interceptor is followed from launch to impact. At various points along the interceptor"s trajectory, a "peel the onion" approach is utilized to expose increasingly detailed layers of behavior, including the eventual release of the kinetic kill vehicle, and its autonomous flight to a body-to-body impact with its target. Various sources of error and their impact on the success of the mission are examined, and an overall understanding of the key features of the infrared seeker and its critical role in missile defense are ultimately developed.

  1. A Study on: Exploring U.S. Missile Defense Requirements in 2010: What Are the Policy and Technology Challenges? (United States)


    military offi- cers, law enforcement personnel, and organized crime groups are willing to engage in illegal activ- ities for a price. This willingness...Interview with Gennady G. Yanpolsky, "A New Era for Russian Defense Export," Military Technology, December 1995, p. 33. Vago Muradian, "Russia Wants...34 that have hindered ballistic missile devel- opment in the past. For example, rocket- society papers on staging problems, discussions on guid- ance

  2. Advanced Missile Signature Center (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Advanced Missile Signature Center (AMSC) is a national facility supporting the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) and other DoD programs and customers with analysis,...

  3. Six-Degree-of-Freedom Digital Simulations for Missile Guidance and Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongjie Xu


    Full Text Available Six-degree-of-freedom ballistic trajectory model can be used to verify design indicators, performance parameters, and correctness so they have been put forward in the missile argumentation and design process. Mathematical simulation is the basis of late semiphysical simulation and field firing testing, and it can greatly reduce the field shooting test time, which shortens the missile test cycle and so reduces costs.

  4. Seeing 2020: America’s New Vision for Integrated Air and Missile Defense (United States)


    the U.S. Army Air Corps began Operation Crossbow, the Anglo-American bombing campaign against Adolf Hitler’s V-1 and V-2 missile forces and of war and its weapons matured, the development of improved propulsion, guidance, and payloads in guns, artillery, rockets, mortars , aircraft...range of threats to include short- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles, bombers, and tactical weapons such as artillery, rockets, and mortars

  5. A method for simulating the atmospheric entry of long-range ballistic missiles (United States)

    Eggers, A J , Jr


    It is demonstrated with the aid of similitude arguments that a model launched from a hypervelocity gun upstream through a special supersonic nozzle should experience aerodynamic heating and resulting thermal stresses like those encountered by a long-range ballistic missile entering the earth's atmosphere. This demonstration hinges on the requirements that model and missile be geometrically similar and made of the same material, and that they have the same flight speed and Reynolds number (based on conditions just outside the boundary layer) at corresponding points in their trajectories. The hypervelocity gun provides the model with the required initial speed, while the nozzle scales the atmosphere, in terms of density variation, to provide the model with speeds and Reynolds numbers over its entire trajectory. Since both the motion and aerodynamic heating of a missile tend to be simulated in the model tests, this combination of hypervelocity gun and supersonic nozzle is termed an atmosphere entry simulator.

  6. Simulation Study on the Feasibility of Gun-Launched Missile Against Attack Helicopters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王狂飙; 张天桥


    The feasibility of providing the tank a limited anti-helicopterability with gun-launched missile is studied. A type of simulation model of gun-launched missile against attack helicopters is established. The simulation and the parameter optimization of missile control system under various circumstances are done. The gun-launched missile can directly hit the helicopters in the typical tracks, all the missdistances are less than 1 m and the maximum overload is less than available overload. Gun-launched missile is a feasible choice for tanks against attack helicopters.%研究通过炮射反坦克导弹赋予坦克有限反武装直升机能力的可行性.建立了一种炮射导弹与武装直升机对抗的仿真模型,并在各种情况下进行了系统仿真与导弹控制系统参数优化.经参数优化的炮射导弹在给定的武装直升机各种航迹下,均可直接命中,脱靶量均小于1m,最大过载不超过可用过载.仿真结果表明炮射导弹是坦克对抗武装直升机的一种可行的选择.

  7. NATO and U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense Programs: Divergent or Convergent Paths? (United States)


    making framework. It is common for TMD systems to be developed and deployed via bilateral negotiations. The only TMD project that has been subject to...sol-air moyenne portée- terrestre , that is, a ground based surface- to-air medium-range missile. 52 “Aster 30 SAMP/T – Surface-to-Air Missile Platform...alone rather than via a joint development with Alliance members that have expressed interest. Additionally, some European members of the Alliance

  8. 基于HLA的导弹仿真系统%Missile simulation system based on HLA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利; 赵振南; 张亮


    计算机仿真是解决导弹装备研发过程中遇到难题的有效方法.设计了基于高层体系结构(HLA)分布式协议的仿真框架,给出了搭建系统的实施方案,具体介绍了系统联邦成员的构成及功能,分析设计了主要联邦成员的对象类和交互类,最后给出了整个系统的仿真流程及主要代码实现.该系统是一个模块化、通用化、易扩展、形象直观的导弹仿真系统,可以进行多种想定条件下导弹飞行仿真和性能评估,为导弹装备的论证、定型、验证提供了支撑平台.%The computer simulation is an effective way to solve the missile R&D process problems encountered.The article designs the simulation framework based on High Level Architecture (HLA),gives out the build system solutions,introduces the structure and function of the system of the federal member,analyzes and designs the main federal members of the object class and interaction class,finally present the simulation process and code implementation of the entire system.The system is a modular,extensible,general-purpose,image intuitive missile simulation system,can do many kinds of scenario conditions missile flight simulation and performance evaluation for missile equipment,provides support platform for missile equipment demonstration,qualitative and verify.

  9. 对GMD系统拦截时机与空域的分析与研究%Study and Analyses of the Time and Airspace of Interception for National Missile Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲜勇; 斯文辉


    The disposition of National Missile Defense and its future plan of development are studied in this paper. Its battle flow and time sequence of launch are analyzed. The time and airspace of interception are gained through theoretical analysis and simulation. This paper has done some theoretical groundwork that is helpful for the future technology of penetration of strategic missile.%通过对地基中段防御系统(GMD)部署现状以及未来发展计划的研究,分析了GMD系统的作战过程以及发射时序,经过理论分析和攻防仿真实验,计算得到GMD系统的拦截空域、拦截时机,为未来战略导弹的突防技术研究打下了一定的基础.

  10. Modeling and Simulation of Control Actuation System with Fuzzy-PID Logic Controlled Brushless Motor Drives for Missiles Glider Applications (United States)

    Muniraj, Murali; Arulmozhiyal, Ramaswamy


    A control actuation system has been used extensively in automotive, aerospace, and defense applications. The major challenges in modeling control actuation system are rise time, maximum peak to peak overshoot, and response to nonlinear system with percentage error. This paper addresses the challenges in modeling and real time implementation of control actuation system for missiles glider applications. As an alternative fuzzy-PID controller is proposed in BLDC motor drive followed by linkage mechanism to actuate fins in missiles and gliders. The proposed system will realize better rise time and less overshoot while operating in extreme nonlinear dynamic system conditions. A mathematical model of BLDC motor is derived in state space form. The complete control actuation system is modeled in MATLAB/Simulink environment and verified by performing simulation studies. A real time prototype of the control actuation is developed with dSPACE-1104 hardware controller and a detailed analysis is carried out to confirm the viability of the proposed system. PMID:26613102

  11. Modeling and Simulation of Control Actuation System with Fuzzy-PID Logic Controlled Brushless Motor Drives for Missiles Glider Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murali Muniraj


    Full Text Available A control actuation system has been used extensively in automotive, aerospace, and defense applications. The major challenges in modeling control actuation system are rise time, maximum peak to peak overshoot, and response to nonlinear system with percentage error. This paper addresses the challenges in modeling and real time implementation of control actuation system for missiles glider applications. As an alternative fuzzy-PID controller is proposed in BLDC motor drive followed by linkage mechanism to actuate fins in missiles and gliders. The proposed system will realize better rise time and less overshoot while operating in extreme nonlinear dynamic system conditions. A mathematical model of BLDC motor is derived in state space form. The complete control actuation system is modeled in MATLAB/Simulink environment and verified by performing simulation studies. A real time prototype of the control actuation is developed with dSPACE-1104 hardware controller and a detailed analysis is carried out to confirm the viability of the proposed system.

  12. Theater Missile Defense Extended Test Range Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement - Eglin Gulf Test Range. Volume 1 (United States)


    DOD Department of Defense DRMO Defense Reutilization Marketing Office EA Environmental Assessment ECAC Electronic Compatibility Analysis Center...natural attractions (kayaking, birdwatching , hiking, participating in cultural events); responsible travel to natural areas which conserves the

  13. Another Brick in the Wall: The Israeli Experience in Missile Defense (United States)


    the launch- ing of preemptive campaigns that would swiftly move the battles to the territory its enemies. The country did start cooperating with the...Israeli leaders opted for offensive doctrines, enabling the launching of preemptive campaigns that would swiftly move the battles to the territory meant for Israeli analysts was that Saddam Hussein was using Scud missiles to strike Tehran as new means of compellence. This is now cor

  14. Ballistic Missile Defense in the European Theater: Political, Military and Technical Considerations (United States)


    in a ground-based system, called the Sol-Air Moyen Portee/ Terrestre (SAMP/T) that uses the Aster 15 and the Aster 30 missiles with a range of up to...development processes “ via a spiral pathway culminating in an operator-in-the- 107 COL Tim Polaske Chief...Reentry Vehicle SAMP/T Sol-Air Moyen Portee/ Terrestre SBI Space Based Interceptor SBIRS Space Based Infrared Satellite SHAPE


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Mihaela LEVONIAN


    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate Romanian media discourse on the current standing of the relations between Romania and the United States of America in the military fi eld. The main topic investigated is connected to Romania’s decision to host the land-based component of the Balllistic Missile Defense System on its ground, an event which attracted signifi cant media coverage during the year 2011. The corpus analyzed consisted of 37 news and opinion items and reports published on the site of three Romanian newspapers. The main research questions were to assess whether the evaluations of this event were positive or negative, who were the actors issuing these statements and what objects were discussed in association to this event. The results showed that positive evaluations were more common than negative evaluations and that the offi cial stances on this topic formed a very coherent perspective, endorsing the project.

  16. Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, Advance Planning Briefing for Industry, Updated Agenda, Attendance Roster, Proceedings. (United States)


    Registration) Updated Agenda 2 Attendance Roster 3 Program Overview 21 Biographies of the Principal Speakers 28 SLIDES: "The Worldwide Missile Threat...229-5800 x Mr. C. Lee Newton Sverdrup Technology Inc PO Box 1935, Bldg 260 Eglin A F B FL 32542-0935 (904) 678-2001 x Dv. David A. Nichols...922-7350 x Dr. Gary H. Weissman LNK Corporation» Inc. Suite 306 6811 Kenilworth Avenue Riverdale MD 20737-1333 (301) 927-3223 x Mr. Isaac

  17. 高超声速巡航导弹攻防对抗仿真研究%Study about Hypersonic Cruise Missile Combat Engagement Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑祥品; 王志刚


    在当前复杂作战环境下,对导弹武器系统进行攻防对抗研究是非常有必要的.针对攻防对抗这一复杂的动态过程,建立了高超声速巡航导弹攻防对抗仿真模型.并在此模型中,分别给出了结果评判模型、作战环境模型和对抗仿真模型.并根据所建立的仿真模型,计算出高超声速巡航导弹的突防概率.仿真算例结果表明,减小高超声速巡航导弹的雷达反射截面积RCS和增大高超声速巡航导弹的巡航速度是提高其突防效能的重要手段.%During current complex combat conditions, investigation of combat engagement of a new technology missile weapon system is necessary. Aimed at the complex dynamic course of combat engagement, a framework for hypersonic cruise missile combat engagement simulation is established. The combat engagement models of offensive side and defensive side are established in this framework, as well as combat environment models and damage probability of the hypersonic cruise missile are computed. Finally, penetration effectiveness of the hypersonic cruise missile is given. The results show that reducing the RCS and increasing the cruise velocity of the hypersonic cruise missile are two important approaches to improve the penetration effectiveness.

  18. The Regional Dimension of Romania's Participation to the Anti-Missile Defense System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Iftode


    Full Text Available The current security environment is characterized by a high degree of instability and unpredictability, through the manifestation of new risks and threats, especially those with asymmetrical nature, by redefining the relations between the great powers, and increasing freedom of action of the regional actors (state and non-state. At the international level, the end of the Cold War has led to a fragmentation of efforts in the security field, with direct implications on the need for further efforts of the international community coordination. In this era of profound change and transformation it is not possible the adoption of an isolationist policy of security, but only in a broader context of interdependencies and relationships between general trends, threats or challenges specific to a particular area or geographic areas. Swift operationalization of the anti-missile system will strengthen the national security both directly, through the protection it provides for the entire national territory, and indirectly, as the system will have a deterrent important role, able to mitigate risks of possible attacks by ballistic missiles. The role of deterrence will remove the risk of attack against any Allied territory on which, by virtue of membership in NATO and obligations involved according to article 5 of the Washington Treaty, Romania has also responsibilities.

  19. Electromagnetic pulse (EMP): Exposure of missile 56 in EMP simulator sapiens (United States)

    Dikvall, T.


    The effects on the electric field caused by the object (missile) in the SAPIENS electromagnetic pulse simulator were studied. A noticeable effect on the field strength is noted close to the object, due to the characteristics of the field. This effect also appears in real electromagnetic pulse environments. During these tests 200 pulses were distributed with good accuracy of reproduction. The SAPIENS is an outdoor device and tests carried out in winter show that weather has very little influence on results.

  20. Ballistic Missile Defense: Let's Look Again before We Leap into Star Wars. (United States)

    Morrison, David C.


    Americans must look beyond the superficial allure of President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative; they must search out the facts. Five pernicious myths on which this ill-considered proposal is founded are discussed. (RM)

  1. Missile Defense: DOD’s Report Provides Limited Insight on Testing Options for the Ground-based Midcourse Defense System (United States)


    Cochran Ranking Member Subcommittee on Defense Committee on Appropriations United States Senate The Honorable Howard P. " Buck " McKeon Chairman The...System Component Mission Location Ground Based Interceptor (GBI) The interceptor consists of a silo-based, three-stage booster stack and a “hit-to

  2. Design and Simulation of BTT Missile with High-Aspect-Ratio Wing Robust H∞ Autopilot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Sheng-wang; LIU Li; MA Chun-yan


    For the strong coupling among the channels of bank-to-turn (BTT) missile with high-aspect-ratio wing,an autopilot is designed with a two loop control structure robust autopilot design methods.By the inner loop design,the question of pole-zero cancellation is solved,and the stabilization of structured uncertainty is achieved.Through the outer loop of H∞ controller design,the flying performance and robustness can be guaranteed.The nonlinear simulation results show that the autopilot designed has perfect time domain response,and can suppress bad influence of the inertial and kinematics couplings.It can make the missile fly stably in the large flying areas.The control is very effective.

  3. 舰载弹炮结合近程武器系统技术研究%Study on Shipped Missile-Gun Integrated Defense Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    现代高性能反舰导弹是舰艇末端防御的最大威胁,而舰载弹炮结合近程武器系统为舰艇的末端防御提供了一种有效的途径。分析了舰载弹炮结合近程武器系统的作战使用和主要特点,针对海上空袭武器的特点,重点研究了增强系统抗饱和攻击能力的设计方法,并探讨了舰载弹炮结合近程武器系统在现代海战中的使用方向。%Modern high-powered antiship missile is the main threaten of ship,and shipped missile-gun integrated defense weapon system is an effective way to the terminal defense of ship. This paper first analyzes the combat operation and main characteristic of missile-gun integrated defense weapon system,then studies the key factor of designing a system. At last the system usage is discussed in the modern sea war.

  4. Arms Control and Missile Defense: Explaining Success and Failure in U.S.-Russian Cooperation (United States)


    33 Amy F. Woolf , “The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions,” Congressional Research Service...2013. Woolf , Amy F. The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions CRS Report R41219...DISTRIBUTION LIST 1. Defense Technical Information Center Ft. Belvoir, Virginia 2. Dudley Knox Library Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, California

  5. Back to the Future: Integrated Air and Missile Defense in the Pacific (United States)


    credible threat to airfields, access led the Air Force toward a model of air base operation s that emphasized the use of main operating bases ( MOB ...attack simply because a credible threat did not exist. In Clausewitzian terms, these MOBs are centers of gravity-not only a source of strength for...PACAF has pro- grammed for CRATR at its MOBs to ensure the restoration of combat- sortie generation quickly despite enemy attacks. The Best Defense Is a

  6. Diode Pumped Alkaline Laser System: A High Powered, Low SWaP Directed Energy Option for Ballistic Missile Defense High-Level Summary - April 2017

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wisoff, P. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)


    The Diode-Pumped Alkali Laser (DPAL) system is an R&D effort funded by the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) underway at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). MDA has described the characteristics needed for a Boost Phase directed energy (DE) weapon to work against ICBM-class threat missiles. In terms of the platform, the mission will require a high altitude Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) that can fly in the “quiet” stratosphere and display long endurance – i.e., days on station. In terms of the laser, MDA needs a high power, low size and weight laser that could be carried by such a platform and deliver lethal energy to an ICBM-class threat missile from hundreds of kilometers away. While both the military and industry are pursuing Directed Energy for tactical applications, MDA’s objectives pose a significantly greater challenge than other current efforts in terms of the power needed from the laser, the low size and weight required, and the range, speed, and size of the threat missiles. To that end, MDA is funding two R&D efforts to assess the feasibility of a high power (MWclass) and low SWaP (size, weight and power) laser: a fiber combining laser (FCL) project at MIT’s Lincoln Laboratory, and LLNL’s Diode-Pumped Alkali Laser (DPAL) system.

  7. Computer program for simulating the six-degree-of-freedom motion of missile debris fragments (United States)

    Hemsch, M. J.


    The rational modeling and empirical correlations used to build a comprehensive computer code for simulating general six-degree-of-freedom motions of missile debris fragments are described. The approach is deterministic in that a number of possible generic fragment shapes were defined, methods were selected to describe the aerodynamic loads on these shapes, and the results were incorporated in a six-degree-of-freedom trajectory program. The method chosen is simple enough to avoid large computation times and yet represents coning and tumbling conditions as well as trimmed flight.

  8. 基于TOPSIS的战区高层反导威胁评估%Threat Assessment of the High Altitude Area Ballistic Missile Defense Based on TOPSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范学渊; 邢清华; 黄沛; 王小光


    Firstly, the characteristics of the high altitude area ballistic missile defense' s threat assessment are analyzed. Then the threat assessment's model index system is set up and quantitated, such as launch position of tactical ballistic missile (TBM) , forecasting impact point, range and so on. Finally, the theory of technique for order preference by similarity to idea solution (TOPSIS) based on weight of entropy is used to compute the model. The result shows that the threat assessment' s model and the algorithm is effective and useful for developing the battle manage of the high altitude area ballistic missile defense ' s.%在分析战区高层反导威胁评估特点的基础上,建立了以来袭TBM发射点、预测落点、射程等为核心的战区高层反导威胁评估模型指标体系并进行了相应的量化,然后利用基于熵值权重确定的TOPSIS理论对模型进行求解.通过实例证明所提出的战区高层反导威胁评估模型和算法的有效性,对研究美军的战区高层反导武器系统具有一定的借鉴意义.

  9. Using GPU convolutions to correct optical distortion in closed-loop real-time missile simulations (United States)

    Fronckowiak, Thomas, Jr.


    U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) has long been a leader in in-band high fidelity scientific scene generation. Recent efforts to harness and exploit the parallel power of the Graphics Processor Unit (GPU), for both graphics and general purpose processing, have been paramount. The emergence of sophisticated image generation software packages, such as the Common Scene Generator (CSG) and the Joint Signature Image Generator (JSIG), have lead to a sharp increase in the performance of digital simulations and signal injection and projection systems in both tactical and strategic programs. One area of missile simulations that benefits from this technology is real-time modeling of optical effects, such as seeker dome distortion, glint, blurring effects, and correcting for facility misalignment and distortion. This paper discusses the on-going research of applying convolution filters to the GPU multi-pass rendering process to compensate for spatial distortion in the optical projection path for synthetic environments.

  10. 导弹防御系统中红外光电识别技术分析%Analyses on infrared optoelectronics recognition technology in missile defense system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴瑕; 周焰; 崔建; 杨龙坡


    目标识别问题是弹道导弹防御系统中的核心难题之一,针对弹道导弹突防中威胁目标群飞行各阶段呈现出的不同红外特性.介绍了天基红外系统和拦截弹的最新研究进展及其红外目标识别技术手段.在温度测量、测辐射强度、红外成像等关键技术方面,系统地论述了其在反导系统弹道目标识别中所运用的红外光电子学方法与技术,并且就相应的反红外识别手段--红外隐身与红外诱饵,进行了探讨.最后对导弹防御系统中红外目标识别与反识别的研究动向进行了展望,提出了进行导弹防御系统目标识别研究的总体建议.%The target recognition is one of the core difficult problems of ballistic missile defense system. According to the different infrared characteristics of all sorts of dangerous targets in the apiece phases of ballistic missile flying, the newest development and the technical means of infrared target recognition for SBIRS and kinetic kill vehicle were introduced. The means and technologies of infrared optoelectronics applying in target recognition were depicted systematically considering the development of some key technologies, such as infrared temperature measurement, radiant intensity test and infrared imaging. Infrared stealth and infrared decoy technique were also discussed, which were the relevant infrared target counter-recognition means and technologies during ballistic missile attacking. Finally, some new representative developments for infrared target recognition and counter-recognition in ballistics missile defense system were expected, and some general suggestions to develop target recognition in ballistic missile defense system were provided.

  11. Simulacioni model sistema za upravljanje letom protivbrodske rakete / Model for simulating the flight control system of a antiship missile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša N. Gaćeša


    Full Text Available U radu je analiziran program za simulaciju sistema za upravljanje letom protivbrodske rakete sa radarskom glavom za samonavođenje. Analiziran je matematički model rakete, model autopilota i model cilja. Ovakvim pristupom dobijen je rezultat koji omogućava uspostavljanje realnijeg procesa praćenja leta konkretne protivbrodske rakete, budući da upravljanje letom rakete na celoj trajektoriji ima znatne prednosti u odnosu na nevođene projektile, pre svega zbog mogućnosti gađanja pokretnih ciljeva. Simulacioni model upravljanja letom rakete pruža mogućnosti za dalje proučavanje ove klase raketa. / The paper analyzes a program for simulating the flight control of an antiship missile with the radar seeker. The paper analyzes a mathematic missile model an autopilot model and a target model. Thus obtained results enable a more realistic process of flight tracking of a particular antiship missile as the missile guidance along the whole trajectory provides many advantages over unguided projectiles, primarily because of the possibility to fire at moving targets. The flight control simulation model enables further study of this missile class.

  12. Application of Pontryagin’s Minimum Principle in Optimum Time of Missile Manoeuvring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sari Cahyaningtias


    Full Text Available Missile is a guided weapon and designed to protect outermost island from a thread of other country. It, commonly, is used as self defense. This research presented surface-to-surface missile in final dive manoeuvre for fixed target. Furthermore, it was proposed manoeuvring based on unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV, autopilot system, which needs accuration and minimum both time and thrust of missile while attacking object. This paper introduced pontryagin’s Minimum Principle, which is useable to solve the problem. The numerical solution showed that trajectory of the missile is split it up in three sub-intervals; flight, climbing, and diving. The numerical simulation showed that the missile must climb in order to satisfy the final dive condition and the optimum time of a missile depend on initial condition of the altitude and the terminal velocity

  13. The Trend of Missile-Gun Combined Weapon System for Aerial Defense%弹炮结合防空武器系统新趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈薇; 王军


    Since the Kosovo War started to use a form of simple air raids and counter-air raids,a increasing number of wars use air raids to attack the enemy,so how to defense the enemy in the air become more and more important. Missile-Gun combined weapon system not only has a big air defense area but also has a high effective-cost,so it will become the trend of air defense weapon system. This paper describes the structure and classification of Missile-Gun combined weapon system,and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the current systems; finally the trend of Missile-Gun combined weapon system is proposed.%自从科索沃战争开创了单纯空袭作战与反空袭作战的先例之后,空袭就成为了战争的焦点,如何更好地抵御空中目标的来袭成为各国战争防御的主题。弹炮结合防空武器系统具有防空区域大、效费比高等优点,是防空武器系统的发展趋势之一。在分析现有典型弹炮结合防空武器系统的基础上,依据弹炮结合武器系统是否共用火控系统将其分为弹炮混编式和弹炮同控式两种形式;随后,结合现代空袭的特点提出了弹炮结合武器系统的发展趋势。

  14. Ballistic Missile Defense: Actions Needed to Address Implementation Issues and Estimate Long-Term Costs for European Capabilities (United States)


    forces, and allies against inbound threat missiles. In December 2011, DOD deployed the initial phase of a revised approach for Europe, with...the United States, U.S. forces, and allies around the world against inbound threat missiles. In 2009, the President announced a revised approach for...allocating resources. In addition, we reviewed the Army’s regulation on Integrated Logistic Support, which includes guidance on business-case analysis

  15. NATO Missile Defense and the European Phased Adaptive Approach: The Implications of Burden Sharing and the Underappreciated Role of the U.S. Army (United States)


    sys- tem. For example, Germany hosts a NATO BMD cell at Ramstein Air Base. The BMD cell’s multinational staff is currently 10 strong, with a plan to...contributions by the European allies, assuming complete coverage of allied territory is the objective.106 But part may also stem from the need to...Missile Defense Conference, Tel Aviv, Israel, July 25, 2011,” available from avc /rls/169023.htm. 103. Interview with two U.S. officials

  16. Simulation of Missile Autopilot with Two-Rate Hybrid Neural Network System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASTROV, I.


    Full Text Available This paper proposes a two-rate hybrid neural network system, which consists of two artificial neural network subsystems. These neural network subsystems are used as the dynamic subsystems controllers.1 This is because such neuromorphic controllers are especially suitable to control complex systems. An illustrative example - two-rate neural network hybrid control of decomposed stochastic model of a rigid guided missile over different operating conditions - was carried out using the proposed two-rate state-space decomposition technique. This example demonstrates that this research technique results in simplified low-order autonomous control subsystems with various speeds of actuation, and shows the quality of the proposed technique. The obtained results show that the control tasks for the autonomous subsystems can be solved more qualitatively than for the original system. The simulation and animation results with use of software package Simulink demonstrate that this research technique would work for real-time stochastic systems.

  17. The North Korean Missile Program (United States)

    Wright, David


    In recent years, the development of ballistic missiles by North Korea has been a key motivation for US efforts to stem missile proliferation and to develop defenses against intermediate and long-range missiles. In the 1980s, North Korea reverse-engineered short-range Soviet Scud missiles and began to produce and sell them. In 1993, it flight-tested a missile reported to have a range of up to 1,300 kilometers, which would allow it to target most of Japan. In 1998, it launched a multi-stage missile over Japan; it later announced that the launch had been an attempt to place a satellite in orbit. An important question is what these tests imply for its current capability and its possible future missile development. Since North Korea has sold missiles to countries in the Middle East and South Asia and is reported to be assisting Iran's missile development program, understanding its capabilities is relevant to security concerns in several parts of the world. In this talk I will discuss my analysis of the publicly available information about North Korea's missile tests, and my conclusions about possible future developments. This includes estimates of ranges and payloads of its next potential generation of missiles, and comments about their potential military utility.

  18. An analysis of the common missile and TOW 2B on the Stryker anti-tank guided missile platform, using the Janus simulation



    Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited. The U.S. Army is beginning to field the first of six Stryker Brigade Combat Teams (SBCTs) and equip the organic Anti-Tank (AT) Company of the Brigade with the LAV III Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) Platform and the Tube-Launched, Optically-Tracked, Wire-Guided 2B (TOW 2B) missile system. A developmental effort is currently underway to replace the aging TOW 2B and Hellfire missile systems with a common missile that meets both ground...

  19. Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) (United States)


    Navy. The JAGM mission is to develop the next generation of aviation launched fire and forget missiles to replace the HELLFIRE laser and Longbow...EMD contract to develop the next generation of aviation launched missiles to replace the HELLFIRE laser and Longbow radar missiles . JAGM December 2015...Selected Acquisition Report (SAR) RCS: DD-A&T(Q&A)823-355 Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) As of FY 2017 President’s Budget Defense Acquisition

  20. A new method of passive counting of nuclear missile warheads -a white paper for the Defense Threat Reduction Agency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morris, Christopher [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Durham, J. Matthew [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Guardincerri, Elena [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Bacon, Jeffrey Darnell [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Wang, Zhehui [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Fellows, Shelby [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Poulson, Daniel Cris [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Plaud-Ramos, Kenie Omar [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Daughton, Tess Marie [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Johnson, Olivia Ruth [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)


    Cosmic ray muon imaging has been studied for the past several years as a possible technique for nuclear warhead inspection and verification as part of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation. The Los Alamos team has studied two different muon imaging methods for this application, using detectors on two sides and one side of the object of interest. In this report we present results obtained on single sided imaging of configurations aimed at demonstrating the potential of this technique for counting nuclear warheads in place with detectors above the closed hatch of a ballistic missile submarine.

  1. Embedded Systems - Missile Detection/Interception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Cintron


    Full Text Available Missile defense systems are often related to major military resources aimed at shielding a specific region from incoming attacks. They are intended to detect, track, intercept, and destruct incoming enemy missiles. These systems vary in cost, efficiency, dependability, and technology. In present times, the possession of these types of systems is associated with large capacity military countries. Demonstrated here are the mathematical techniques behind missile systems which calculate trajectories of incoming missiles and potential intercept positions after initial missile detection. This procedure involved the use of vector-valued functions, systems of equations, and knowledge of projectile motion concepts.

  2. Simulation of Thin Film Thermocouple for High Temperature Measurement Applicable to Missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoj Kumar Sonker


    Full Text Available Thermocouples have been extensively used for the measurement of temperature since the advent of seebeck effect. Numerous sensors have been developed for temperature measurement, yet measurement of high temperature flowing fluid has been a challenging task. For the measurement of static temperature the measuring device should travel with the fluid at the same speed without disturbing the flow, which is quite unrealistic. So indirect determination of static temperature of flowing fluid is done by using thermocouple exposed into the flowing fluid. Other sensors available for high temperature measurement may lead to problems like resistance in the flow path of fluid which changes the structural dynamics. Thin film thermocouple (TFTC based on W-W26Re for super high temperature measurement has been investigated which can be used in missiles for surface temperature measurement of nozzle and rocket interior surface. TFTC does not cause disruption in the flow path with maintaining structural integrity. The W-W26Re thermocouple offers advantage of higher seebeck coefficient at high temperature i.e. above 750 K, and usability in vacuum, inert and hydrogen atmosphere. Zirconia Fiber has been proposed as insulation protection material over thermocouple. Modelling and simulation of the TFTC for the temperature range 300 K - 2900 K has been presented. FEA model using PDE has been presented to implement heat equation, current balance  quation, Gauss theorem and Neumann boundary condition. The expected voltage production on exposed temperature gradient has been studied.

  3. Key considerations in infrared simulations of the missile-aircraft engagement

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Willers, MS


    Full Text Available of these details are investigated in Section 6. The tactical missile system used against aircraft includes several subsystems: airframe, flight control, fuze, propulsion, telemetry, data link, warhead and seeker.4 The seeker of an imaging IR missile provides...:// on 12/19/2012 Terms of Use: /7 dual mode detectors view a scene in two separate bands of the spectrum. The seeker compares the spectral distribution ratio of the various targets in the field of view to a predefined threshold. If a...

  4. Discussion of the target-missile control scheme with supersonic speed at minimum altitude

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    An antiship missile with supersonic speed at minimum altitude is an effective weapon to break through a defense line. The former Soviet Union was a leader in this field since it had developed several kinds of antiship missiles which obtained supersonic speed at minimum altitudes. To counter this kind of missile,many countries have been developing corresponding antimissiles. For the purpose of verifing the antimissile missile's effectiveness in intercepting antiship missiles, a target-missile is needed. A target-missle is cheaper and can imitate the main characteristics of antiship missiles with supersonic speed at minimum altitude. In this paper, the control scheme of a target missile flying with supersonic speed at minimum altitude is studied. To counter the problem of hedgehopping over the sea, a control scheme utilizing a SINS + altimeter was proposed.In this scheme, both the quick response ability of altitude control and the anti-jamming problem were considered. A simulation experiment shows that when an integrated altitude control system is used, the anti-disturbance ability of the integrated altitude is good and the response speed of altitude control system can be dramatically improved.

  5. 非定常导弹尾焰数值模拟%Numerical simulation of the Unsteady-state Missile Plume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华; 王占学


    computations for a missile plumes flowfield were made using standard k-epsilon turbulence model in two parts. For one part, the mach number of the missile, as one of the missile model boundary conditions for computations, changes from 1.000 to 2.000. The another part, the missile plumes flowfield was simulated using the transient n (the static pressure ratio of missile nozzle exit to freestream) which changes from 1.000 to 11.000. The results can provide us the approximately data of missile plumes parameters under various operation conditions.%采用标准k-epsilon湍流模型对某型导弹高空飞行时的尾焰流场进行了模拟,对导弹飞行马赫数Ma由1.0变化为2.0和导弹尾喷管出口静压与大气静压比n由1.000变化为11.000的导弹尾焰流场分别进行了计算.分析了导弹飞行马赫数和静压比n对导弹尾焰产生的影响,并拟合出了相应的公式.

  6. CAGE IIIA Distributed Simulation Design Methodology (United States)


    Coordination Element AMALO Amphibious Air Liaison Officer AMD Air and Missile Defense AMDWS Air and Missile Defence Work Station AMHS Automated...Object Model (HLA RPR-FOM)8. • Trading off the use of HLA and DIS within clusters of simulations to enable/ disable features required by the larger

  7. Countermeasure effectiveness against an intelligent imaging infrared anti-ship missile (United States)

    Gray, Greer J.; Aouf, Nabil; Richardson, Mark; Butters, Brian; Walmsley, Roy


    Ship self defense against heat-seeking anti-ship missiles is of great concern to modern naval forces. One way of protecting ships against these threats is to use infrared (IR) offboard countermeasures. These decoys need precise placement to maximize their effectiveness, and simulation is an invaluable tool used in determining optimum deployment strategies. To perform useful simulations, high-fidelity models of missiles are required. We describe the development of an imaging IR anti-ship missile model for use in countermeasure effectiveness simulations. The missile model's tracking algorithm is based on a target recognition system that uses a neural network to discriminate between ships and decoys. The neural network is trained on shape- and intensity-based features extracted from simulated imagery. The missile model is then used within ship-decoy-missile engagement simulations, to determine how susceptible it is to the well-known walk-off seduction countermeasure technique. Finally, ship survivability is improved by adjusting the decoy model to increase its effectiveness against the tracker.

  8. Technical development and application of primary battery for air defense missile%防空导弹弹上电池技术的发展及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    防空导弹普遍采用弹上电池作为弹上主电源,经历了铅酸电池、锌银电池到热电池三个发展阶段.介绍了锌银电池,钙-铬酸钙体系、锂及锂合金-二硫化铁体系热电池技术的发展、性能特点及国内外发展现状.论述了锌银储备电池及热电池的组成、工作原理和技术优势.指出了防空导弹弹上电池技术的发展方向.%The technical development,performance and developing status of Zn/AgO battery both in China and abroad,calcium/calcium chromate system,and lithium (lithium alloy)/iron disultide system thermal batteries were introduced.The structure,principle and technical advantages of Zn/AgO battery and thermal battery were discussed.Finally,some development directions of the primary battery for air defense missile were also forecasted.

  9. Average-passage simulation of counter-rotating propfan propulsion systems as applied to cruise missiles (United States)

    Mulac, Richard A.; Schneider, Jon C.; Adamczyk, John J.


    Counter-rotating propfan (CRP) propulsion technologies are currently being evaluated as cruise missile propulsion systems. The aerodynamic integration concerns associated with this application are being addressed through the computational modeling of the missile body-propfan flowfield interactions. The work described in this paper consists of a detailed analysis of the aerodynamic interactions between the control surfaces and the propfan blades through the solution of the average-passage equation system. Two baseline configurations were studied, the control fins mounted forward of the counter-rotating propeller and the control fins mounted aft of the counter-rotating propeller. In both cases, control fin-propfan separation distance and control fin deflection angle were varied.

  10. Prediction of Target Travel During Missile Time of Flight. A Computer Simulation (United States)


    the second program, the subject had to decide if a gap between two covered areas was wide enough for a missile to be fired successfully. Functional...Program Display During "Time to Decide"....... . ............ 7 4. Gap Program Display ,howing Covered Areas and Dot Track ... .......... 7 5. Gap...18 17. SD of Decision Time As a Funcion of Target Speed and Relative Gap Size ....... .............................. 19 18. Mean Decision

  11. Experimental static aerodynamic forces and moments at high subsonic speeds on a missile model during simulated launching from the midsemispan location of a 45 degree sweptback wing-fuselage-pylon combination (United States)

    Alford, William J; King, Thomas, Jr


    An investigation was made at high subsonic speeds in the Langley high-speed 7- by 10-foot tunnel to determine the static aerodynamic forces and moments on a missile model during simulated launching from the midsemispan location of a 45 degree sweptback wing-fuselage-pylon combination. The results indicated significant variations in all the aerodynamic components with changes in chordwise location of the missile. Increasing the angle of attack caused increases in the induced effects on the missile model because of the wing-fuselage-pylon combination. Increasing the Mach number had little effect on the variations of the missile aerodynamic characteristics with angle of attack except that nonlinearities were incurred at smaller angles of attack for the higher Mach numbers. The effects of finite wing thickness on the missile characteristics, at zero angle of attack, increase with increasing Mach number. The effects of the pylon on the missile characteristics were to causeincreases in the rolling-moment variation with angle of attack and a negative displacement of the pitching-moment curves at zero angle of attack. The effects of skewing the missile in the lateral direction relative to and sideslipping the missile with the wing-fuselage-pylon combination were to cause additional increments in side force at zero angle of attack. For the missile yawing moments the effects of changes in skew or sideslip angles were qualitatively as would be expected from consideration of the isolated missile characteristics, although there existed differences in theyawing-moment magnitudes.

  12. Missile Defense: Actions Needed to Improve Information for Supporting Future Key Decisions for Boost and Ascent Phase Elements (United States)


    assumed performance parameters used to model each element’s performance, we traced and verified a nonprobability sample of these parameters to their...uncertainty in the estimates. By using standard computer simulation techniques , an overall level of uncertainty can be developed for cost estimates. In

  13. 防空导弹武控设备实现CBM方法的探讨%Research on the Condition Based Maintenance for Weapon Control Equipment of Air-defense Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲宏宇; 向哲


    针对解决防空导弹武控设备目前维修方式中的诸多问题,基于状态的维修(CBM)方式是有效解决途径之一。分析了对防空导弹武控设备进行CBM时的状态监测、失效模型建立、故障预测和维修决策等关键技术问题,探讨了防空导弹武控设备实现CBM的技术对策。结果表明,CBM具有诸多优点,它的实践应用必将引发武控设备维修技术的根本变革,促进高新技术在防空导弹武控设备维修领域的应用。%The condition based maintenance(CBM) is one of effective maintenance methods for weapon control equipment of air-defense missile.The key techniques is analyzed about inspecting the condition,establishing invalidation modal,forecasting malfunction,maintenance decision-making of CBM that is used for weapon control equipment of air-defense missile,the technique countermeasure of carrying CBM is introduced.The results show CBM is effective,which will result in radical change in maintenance technique of weapon control equipment,and promote using of new techniques in maintenance for weapon control equipment of air-defense missile.

  14. Evaluation of the Transfer of International Traffic in Arms Regulations-Controlled Missile Defense Technology to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (United States)


    approval from the U.S. Department of State, is prohibited.” 4 Category IV (i) is launch vehicles, guided missiles, ballistic missiles, forensic evidence, we were not able to prove or disprove his contention that he did not share the technical data with anybody. Also, as...a retransfer occurred. Our evaluation was limited based on NASA’s inability to provide historical email records and the lack of computer forensic

  15. Trajectory Optimization Design for Morphing Wing Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruisheng Sun; Chao Ming; Chuanjie Sun


    This paper presents a new particle swarm optimization ( PSO) algorithm to optimize the trajectory of morphing⁃wing missile so as to achieve the enlargement of the maximum range. Equations of motion for the two⁃dimensional dynamics are derived by treating the missile as an ideal controllable mass point. An investigation of aerodynamic characteristics of morphing⁃wing missile with varying geometries is performed. After deducing the optimizing trajectory model for maximizing range, a type of discrete method is put forward for taking optimization control problem into nonlinear dynamic programming problem. The optimal trajectory is solved by using PSO algorithm and penalty function method. The simulation results suggest that morphing⁃wing missile has the larger range than the fixed⁃shape missile when launched at supersonic speed, while morphing⁃wing missile has no obvious range increment than the fixed⁃shape missile at subsonic speed.

  16. 防空导弹武器系统通用火控软件设计与实现%General Design and Accomplishment of Firepower Control Software in Air Defense Missile Weapon System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    针对不同防空导弹武器系统的火控软件之间不能互用的现状,分析了火控系统各主要功能模块之间的接口关系,提出了火控软件通用化设计的思路,并用C++实现了该设计.火控软件的通用化设计值碍将来防空导弹能武器系统火控软件的标准化设计和编程借鉴.%s :Contrasting the status of no interoperability in firepower control softwares among different aerial defense missile weapon system, the interface relation of functional module in firepower control system is analyzed.And the idea of general design of firepower control software is put forward.Furthermore, the idea is realized by using C++ programming.The general design of firepower control software is worth used for reference in the standard design and programming of future aerial defense missile weapon system.

  17. 舵机负载模拟器惯量失配加载补偿方法%Missile Actuator Load Simulator Inertia Mismatch Compensation Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶渝辉; 王战


    The compensation methods are discussed when load simulator inertia is greater than missile control surface inertia. Errors of missile actuator torque and deflection angle exist in simulation using compensation. The approaches are presented to improve simulation according to different errors. Analysis results show that the compensation method is useable and valuable to many missile actuator load simulations.%针对舵机负载力矩模拟器输出等效惯量大于被加载舵机舵面惯量的舵机加载试验情况,研究了其力矩加载补偿方法,分析了其力矩加载误差,提出了针对不同误差源的提高仿真精度的技术途径.分析结果表明,此力矩加载补偿方法现实可行,提高了试验资源的利用率,具有较好的经济效益和现实意义.

  18. A Study of Age Demographics across the Aviation and Missile Materiel Enterprise (United States)


    future Aviation and Missile ME may look like. The Defense Civilian Personnel Data System (DCPDS) Human Resource managers across the Aviation and...Missile ME use the Defense Civilian Personnel Data System (DCPDS) as the warehouse for storing employee information. Each of the five organizations...Aviation and Missile Life Cycle Management Command Public Affairs, 25 April 2016 AVIATION AND MISSILE MATERIEL ENTERPRISE DEMOGRAPHICS 2

  19. Missile Aerodynamics (Aerodynamique des Missiles) (United States)


    guerre froide la production des missiles a baisse’, avec pour consequence une diminution des budgets de d6veloppement. Les nouveaux types de conflits ...Roma) Directeur - Gestion de l’information LUXEMBOURG (Recherche et developpement) - DRDGI 3 Voir Belgique Ministbre de la Difense nationale NORVEGE

  20. Simulating cyber warfare and cyber defenses: information value considerations (United States)

    Stytz, Martin R.; Banks, Sheila B.


    Simulating cyber warfare is critical to the preparation of decision-makers for the challenges posed by cyber attacks. Simulation is the only means we have to prepare decision-makers for the inevitable cyber attacks upon the information they will need for decision-making and to develop cyber warfare strategies and tactics. Currently, there is no theory regarding the strategies that should be used to achieve objectives in offensive or defensive cyber warfare, and cyber warfare occurs too rarely to use real-world experience to develop effective strategies. To simulate cyber warfare by affecting the information used for decision-making, we modify the information content of the rings that are compromised during in a decision-making context. The number of rings affected and value of the information that is altered (i.e., the closeness of the ring to the center) is determined by the expertise of the decision-maker and the learning outcome(s) for the simulation exercise. We determine which information rings are compromised using the probability that the simulated cyber defenses that protect each ring can be compromised. These probabilities are based upon prior cyber attack activity in the simulation exercise as well as similar real-world cyber attacks. To determine which information in a compromised "ring" to alter, the simulation environment maintains a record of the cyber attacks that have succeeded in the simulation environment as well as the decision-making context. These two pieces of information are used to compute an estimate of the likelihood that the cyber attack can alter, destroy, or falsify each piece of information in a compromised ring. The unpredictability of information alteration in our approach adds greater realism to the cyber event. This paper suggests a new technique that can be used for cyber warfare simulation, the ring approach for modeling context-dependent information value, and our means for considering information value when assigning cyber

  1. Ballistic Missile Defense Review Report (United States)


    attack, including through more aggressive denial and deception practices as well as a shift to mobile systems.  Some states are also developing...Avionics Upgrade/Obsolescence Program ( FAU /OP). The Department will also emphasize proven capabilities by requesting funding for additional GMD... practical solutions to emerging challenges, solutions that involve all elements of national power. In addition, by working with allies and partners to

  2. Impulsive control for hypervelocity missiles (United States)

    Magness, R. W.


    A hypervelocity agile interceptor/quickshot is being developed for defense of ballistic missile launch sites. A guidance and control system is required to achieve the missile guidance accuracy necessary for direct target impact. Attitude control systems evaluated for the agile interceptor included aerodynamic controls, thrust vector controls and impulsive motor controls. The solid squib impulsive control motion was selected because of high response rate, low weight and low volume. A baseline motor configuration was designed and a solid propellant squib was developed for use in the control system. Ballistic pendulum and bench tests were conducted with a test impulsive control motor to measure nominal performance, establish the standard deviation of performance, and define requirements to prevent sympathetic ignition. A dynamic control wind tunnel test was also conducted to determine the impulse augmentation due to the impulsive motor jet interaction with the missile boundary layer. The degree and direction of augmentation was measured for variations in Mach number and angle of attack.

  3. What to Do About That Pack of Wolves at the Door: A Binational Organization and Acquisitions Approach to Homeland Cruise Missile Defense (United States)


    Russia’s desire for increased military power to counter US primacy. In order to codify the ways and means to this end, Russian President Vladimir Putin ...5 Russia ... Russia have enjoyed a largely uncontested duopoly on cruise missile employment, these increasingly accurate and lethal systems have proliferated widely

  4. Infrared ship/decoy/missile encounter model (United States)

    Morin, Josee; Reid, Francoise; Morin, Andre


    Simulations of missile-ship-countermeasures engagements are used to determine the effective ways of defending a ship against infrared-guided missile threats. This paper describes one type of simulation that models the engagement of a ship deploying IR decoys by an infrared-guided seeker-head missile. This model was developed to assess the efficiency of IR decoys in protecting ships against these missiles. The simulation, Missile Infrared Decoy And Ship (MIDAS), is composed of three major blocks, the infrared scene generation, the seeker simulation and the missile dynamics simulation. The infrared scene generation block produces a three-dimensional IR scene from the target ship and flare models and transforms it into the two-dimensional IR image viewed by the seeker. The seeker simulation block is based on a generic conical scan seeker which uses a crossed-detector array for target detection. It processes the IR image to select a target and generates a steering command. The missile dynamics block computes the changes in missile trajectory according to the seeker steering command. The computations performed by each of the three blocks are explained in detail.

  5. Hyper Velocity Missiles For Defence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faqir Minhas


    Full Text Available The paper reviews the history of technical development in the field of hypervelocity missiles. It highlights the fact that the development of anti-ballistic systems in USA, Russia, France, UK, Sweden, and Israel is moving toward the final deployment stage; that USA and Israel are trying to sell PAC 2 and Arrow 2 to India; and that India’s Agni and Prithvi missiles have improved their accuracy, with assistance from Russia. Consequently, the paper proposes enhanced effort for development in Pakistan of a basic hypersonic tactical missile, with 300 KM range, 500 KG payload, and multi-rolecapability. The author argues that a system, developed within the country, at the existing or upgraded facilities, will not violate MTCR restrictions, and would greatly enhance the country’s defense capability. Furthermore, it would provide high technology jobs toPakistani citizens. The paper reinforces the idea by suggesting that evolution in the field of aviation and electronics favors the development of ballistic, cruise and guided missile technologies; and that flight time of short and intermediate range missiles is so short that its interception is virtually impossible.

  6. Attacking the Theater Mobile Ballistic Missile Threat (United States)


    and Record, �Theater Ballistic Missile Defense and US Contingency Operations,� 13. 43Greg Myre, Associated Press, �De Klerk Reveals South African...possession). ____. Briefing, subject: �WarBreaker.� 17 December 1992. Myre, Greg. Associated Press. �De Klerk Reveals South African Nuclear...April�3 May 1992, 1,44. Ordway, Frederick I. III and Ronald C. Wakeford. International Missile and Spacecraft Guide. New York: McGraw

  7. J-ROADS Air Defence Simulation Support during the 2006 JPOW IX Missile Defence Exercise

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiel, W.M. van der


    Joint Research On Air Defence Simulation (J-ROADS) is a simulation environment developed at TNO to support air defence research and CD&E for the Netherlands armed forces. It was designed to support three main uses within air defence research: analysis, exercise support and act as a test bed. These

  8. Design and Simulation of Adaptive Backstepping Control Law for BTT Missile%BTT导弹自适应反演控制律设计与仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施敏良; 王凌艳; 李青山; 刘洪昌


    针对倾斜转弯(BTT)导弹控制中的多变量强耦合问题,研究了一种适用于BTT导弹的反演算法,以实现自动驾驶仪的自适应解耦控制.根据BTT导弹控制的基本特性,建立导弹的非线性控制模型,并将其转化为适合于反演设计的反馈块模型.在此模型上,基于反演的非线性控制系统综合设计方法,加入自适应神经网络逼近系统中存在的不确定性,利用Lyapunov稳定性定理推导了自适应调节律,设计了导弹控制律.通过仿真验证了该设计方法的有效性和可行性,该控制器能够实现控制解耦目的,且对指令信号跟踪效果良好.%In order to solve the problems of multiple variables and strong coupling in BIT (bank-to-turn) missile control, a backstepping algorithm suitable for the BTT missile autopilot controller was proposed. Based on the peculiarity of BTT missile,the nonlinear model of missile was built up. Then,the missile model was translated into a feedback block model to realize the backstepping design. A special nonlinear synthetical backstepping method was applied in design of the control law for BTT missile, which added neural networks to solve the uncertainties problems, and the adaptive tuning rules were derived using the Lyapunov stability theorem. This method can implement the decoupling design of controller and track the command signals well. Simulation was made to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  9. FMP (Flight Mechanics Panel) Working Group WG-12 on Validation of Missile System Simulation (United States)


    maintenance costs for weapon performance simulation programs (2) Fase of software maintenance during development ltem (2) is very important and needs...System simulation studies - if hinge moments have a sensible effect on system performance or if an estimate of overall power consumption during a mission...effects, deterioration of magnetic flux and the dynamics of the power amplifier should not have a sensible effect on the static and cyoamic behavior of

  10. Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) Activities on White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. Volume 1 (United States)


    of test may cause minor cosmetic damage (e.g. broken windows, and cracked plaster) to a structure. Proposed mitigations would require that weather...Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology , 49(6): 751-757. Borg, E. 1991. Physiological and pathogenic effects of sound. Acta Oto-Laryngologica 381...breeding black-throated blue warblers. Ecology 73:357-372. Rodriguez, M. 2004. West Nile Virus found on WSMR. Missile Ranger (57)39:1. Rowson, K

  11. Numerical simulations of missile impacts on reinforced concrete plates: IRIS-2010/2012 benchmark project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chulhun, E-mail: [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Dankook University, 126 Jukjeon-dong, Yongin-si 448-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jungwhee, E-mail: [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Dankook University, 126 Jukjeon-dong, Yongin-si 448-701 (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Raeyoung, E-mail: [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, 62 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)


    Highlights: • The procedures and results performed during the IRIS-2010/2012 projects are described. • Numerical impact simulations were performed and the initial FE model was updated. • Loading function with a fictitious loading plate approach was suggested. • Three concrete models were used and the results were compared. - Abstract: This paper describes the procedures and results of the works done by the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) as a participant of the IRIS-2010 and 2012 benchmark projects, which have been organized by OECD/NEA IAGE working group. Within the scope of the IRIS-2012 project, uniaxial and tri-axial concrete tests were performed and the results were supplied. With these material test data, impact simulations of IRIS-2010 experiments (Punching P1 and Bending B1) were re-performed to improve the accuracy of the simulation results and to reduce the computation time. Numerical impact simulations were performed using an explicit dynamic code, LS-DYNA, and the initial FE model was updated through numerous parametric studies. Considering the symmetry of the structure, an updated model was constructed for ¼ of the structure, and the stiffness and mass of the supporting structure was considered. Loading function with a fictitious loading plate was applied instead of modeling projectiles to reduce the computation time. Three concrete models, Concrete damage rel. 3 (*MAT-072R3), Winfrith concrete (*MAT-084-085), and CSCM concrete (*MAT-159), were used for the impact simulations and the results were compared.

  12. 带控制律导弹投放数值模拟%Missile separation simulation with control laws

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周乃春; 李彬; 郑鸣; 邓有奇


    Using an overset unstructured grid,three dimensional URANS equations are applied to simulate the missile separation with control laws.The walls criterion is used in the automatic hole-cutting procedure.Arithmetic average method is used to get the value during the overset grids.Comparison computing of the trajectories of a wing/pylon/finned-store configuration with three different control laws is carried out with this method,and a complex separation problem is solved.%基于非结构重叠网格技术,耦合舵面控制律模块,采用非定常雷诺平均NS方程,建立了模拟控制律作用下导弹投放分离动态特性的CFD数值方法.非结构重叠网格生成技术以“物面相交”方法确定洞边界,在多套网格重叠部分采用算术平均进行物理量的计算传递.采用机翼/挂架/带舵外挂物模型,以及不同的舵面控制规律展开了对比计算,分析了结果.并比较了某导弹有无控制律作用时从某战斗机分离的动态特性,研究了增加控制律的必要性.

  13. Research on Efficiency Evaluation Model That Air Defense Missile and Artillery Resist Multiple Targets in Coordination%舰空导弹与火炮武器协同抗击多目标的效能评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    由大德; 徐德民; 张发强


    In order to make the air defense and artillery weapon are used significantly, and improve the operational efficiency that resisting the multiple targets, on base analyzing the emitter region of the missile and artillery weapon, by means of studying the shooting times of multiple air defense weapon shooting tunnels and shooting mode and shooting times of the artillery weapon, it established the optimal model efficiency evaluation,at last it defined the optimal firepower distribution schemes by means of an example based on the model, it verified the use of the model.%为使水面舰艇防空导弹与火炮武器有效协同使用,提高抗击空袭多目标的作战效能,在分析防空导弹和近防炮武器发射区的基础上,通过研究防空导弹多个射击通道的射击次数、火炮武器的射击方式和射击次数等,建立了协同抗击多目标的效能评估模型,并运用该模型对确定最优火力分配方案的使用方法进行了举例分析,验证了模型的可用性.

  14. Discrete Deterministic Modelling of Autonomous Missiles Salvos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momcilo Milinovic


    Full Text Available The paper deals with mathematical models of sequent salvos battle, of autonomous flight missiles (AFM organized in the groups of combatants. Tactical integration of AFM system distance-controlled weapon is considered by performances of simultaneous approaches on targets, and continual battle models of guerilla and direct fire, are redesigned to the discrete-continual mixed model, for checking missiles sudden, and further salvos, attack effects. Superiority parameters, as well as losses and strengths of full, or the part of salvo battle, for the missiles groups as technology sub-systems combatants’, is expressed by mathematical and simulation examples. Targets engagements capacities of the missiles battle unit, is conducted through designed scenarios and mathematically derived in the research. Model orientated on answers about employment of rapid reaction defending tactics, by distance missiles attacks.Defence Science Journal, Vol. 64, No. 5, September 2014, pp.471-476, DOI:

  15. 基于共生仿真的巡航导弹协同作战研究%Research on symbiotic simulation based cruise missile collaborative engagement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴红; 杨峰; 王维平


    In order to response to complex and diverse battlefield environment, cruise missile needs to carry out task through dynamic collaboration. Nowadays, domestic and international researches which focus on cruise missile collaborative engagement have presented some dynamic cooperative modes, but all they have several drawbacks to some extent. Because of this, this paper puts forward a limited autonomy of central control of distributed collaboration, designs system business logic and analyzes system function in detail, then uses it as the background to carry out system architecture design of remote control collaboration based on symbiotic simulation.%为了应对体系对抗过程中复杂多变的战场环境,巡航导弹需通过动态协同执行作战任务.目前,国内外在巡航导弹协同作战的研究过程中,提出了几种动态协同模式,但都在一定程度上存在局限性.基于此,首先提出有限中央控制的分布式自主协同,对其系统业务逻辑进行了详细的设计和系统功能进行了详细的分析,并以此为背景开展基于共生仿真的远程控制协同系统体系结构设计.

  16. Rationale for wind-borne missile criteria for DOE facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McDonald, J R; Murray, R


    High winds tend to pick up and transport various objects and debris, which are referred to as wind-borne missiles or tornado missiles, depending on the type of storm. Missiles cause damage by perforating the building envelope or by collapsing structural elements such as walls, columns or frames. The primary objectives of this study are as follows: (1) to provide a basis for wind-borne or tornado missile criteria for the design and evaluation of DOE facilities, and (2) to provide guidelines for the design and evaluation of impact-resistant missile barriers for DOE facilities The first objective is accomplished through a synthesis of information from windstorm damage documentation experience and computer simulation of missile trajectories. The second objective is accomplished by reviewing the literature, which describes various missile impact tests, and by conducting a series of impact tests at a Texas Tech University facility to fill in missing information.

  17. Real-time simulation of missile efflux plasma based on Vega Prime & OpenGL%Vega Prime结合OpenGL的导弹尾焰实时模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李威; 杨峰; 程咏梅; 杨衍波


    It researches missile operational system simulation experiment, in view of the problem that when using Vega Prime' s particle system module for the simulation of missile efflux plasma which is moving with high speed, the particles are discrete that impact the simulation visualization effect. In order to solve the missile efflux plasma simulation problem, it proposes the solution that using Vega Prime together with OpenGL. It models the missile efflux plasma based on the particle system principle, applies OpenGL into Vega Prime according to the event issued subscription mechanism of Vega Prime. The efflux plasma that simulated by the proposed method is shape lifelike and sporty. It meets the demands of the instantaneity and authenticity in the simulation and solves the defect of simulating missile efflux plasma by Vega Prime.%研究基于Vega Prime的导弹作战系统仿真实验,针对使用Vega Prime的粒子特效模拟高速飞行导弹尾焰会出现尾焰不连续而影响仿真可视化效果的问题,提出将Vega Prime与OpenGL相结合的方法.基于粒子系统基本原理,对导弹尾焰进行建模;依据Vega Prime的事件发布订阅机制将OpenGL引入到Vega Prime中.模拟的尾焰形态逼真,动感十足,满足仿真实时性与真实性要求,解决了Vega Prime模拟导弹尾焰存在缺陷的问题.

  18. Interception Times Model and Simulation of Surface to Air Missile%地空导弹反导作战拦截次数计算模型及仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕超; 王光辉; 迟玉玮


    Based on studying the process of surface to air missile weapon system intercepting incoming targets, the interception rate model of surface to air missile is built by analyzing the depth of surface to air missile launching zone. The model can calculate the times of surface to air missile weapon system intercepting a single incoming target in the anti-block area. The simulation results reveal how the targets with different characteristics ( speed, altitude, route shortcut) influence the times of surface to air missile weapon system intercepting incoming targets.%在分析地空导弹武器系统拦截来袭目标过程的基础上,通过分析地空导弹发射区纵深建立了地空导弹武器系统可拦截次数模型.利用该模型可计算地空导弹武器系统对单个来袭目标在杀伤区内的拦截次数.仿真结果揭示了地空导弹武器系统在不同目标特性(速度、高度、航路捷径)下对目标的可拦截次数的影响.

  19. 基于引用Petri网的导弹攻防对抗仿真研究%Research on missile confrontation simulation based on reference Petri net

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐硕; 禹磊


    Missile confrontation system is a complex and dynamic system with both sides interacting with each other. Especially,engagement level simulation will contain more objects and interaction. Petri net is a powerful graphical tool describing complex system with the feature of concurrence,distribution and uncertainty. Objected-oriented Petri net is formed by combining traditional Petri net with objected-orien-ted technology. Reference net is one of the objected-oriented Petri net,which has many excellent characteristics. This paper applies the basic theory of reference net,explores its application in the missile confrontation simulation,and realizes one confrontation simulation instance.%导弹攻防对抗是一个攻防双方相交互的复杂动态系统,尤其对于交战级仿真,会涉及到更多的对象及其交互.Petri网是一种图形化的描述,具有并发、分布、不确定性等特征的复杂系统的有力工具,通过将传统Petri网理论同面向对象技术相结合,形成了面向对象Petri网.引用Petri网作为具有面向对象特征的Petri网的一种,具有更多优良的特性.应用引用网的基本理论,探讨了引用网在导弹对抗仿真中的应用,完成了一个攻防对抗算例的仿真研究.

  20. "Air Attack" Overcoming "Victory on the Battlefield" in the Pursuit of Jointness for the Army Air and Missile Defense (United States)


    be tasked as part of the Air Tasking Order (ATO), or to capitalize on Joint Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (J-SEAD) capability that the Air Force...requirement for organic immediate suppressive fires that, despite their best efforts, fighters could not deliver.”16 Some problems were...steps to address the crew proficiency disparity there are still indicators that training distractors continue to adversely affect training. Prior to

  1. Air-launching Missile Trajectory Numeric Simulation for Intercepting Boosting/Ascending Stage Ballistic Missile%助推/上升段空射反导弹道仿真∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓楠; 李记新


    For antimissile interception of the boosting/ascending tactical missile, guidance system model is built, and numeric simulation is carried out. First, 4 guidance laws, including proportion navigation guidance( PNG)、instantaneous miss-distance based forecasting opti-mal guidance law( OGL)、line of sight acceleration guidance( AAG) and target acceleration compensated proportion navigation( APN) , are selected and applied to mid-course guidance to study the performance. According to the guidance performance analysis, 2 schemes are presented, and another two schemes are presented via exorbitant gravitation compensation ( EGC) . Finally,‘OGL+APN( EGC) ’ is dem-onstrated to be the best one, which behaves better in attack zone, launching restrictions and guidance performance.%针对空射导弹拦截助推/上升段战术弹道导弹制导问题进行制导系统建模和数字仿真。选取4种基本制导律进行中、末制导研究,包括:比例制导律( PNG)、基于瞬时脱靶量的一种最优制导律( OGL)、视线角加速度制导律(AAG)、目标加速度补偿比例制导律(APN)。据此提出2种中、末制导组合方案,通过重力过补偿优化中制导得到另2种方案。4种方案仿真对比得到“OGL+APN (重力过补偿)”方案。该方案攻击区较大,发射条件约束较宽松,具有较好的制导性能。

  2. Simulated water-level and water-quality changes in the bolson-fill aquifer, Post Headquarters area, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico (United States)

    Risser, D.W.


    The quantity of freshwater available in the Post Headquarters well field, White Sand Missile Range, New Mexico, is limited and its quality is threatened by saltwater enroachment. A three-dimensional, finite-difference, groundwater flow model and a cross-sectional, density-dependent solute-transport model were constructed to simulate possible future water level declines and water quality changes in the Post Headquarters well field. A six-layer flow model was constructed using hydraulic-conductivity values in the upper 600 ft of saturated aquifer ranging from 0.1 to 10 ft/day, specific yield of 0.15, and average recharge of about 1,590 acre-ft/yr. Water levels simulated by the model closely matched measured water levels for 1948-82. Possible future water level changes for 1983-2017 were simulated using rates of groundwater withdrawal of 1,033 and 2 ,066 acre-ft/year and wastewater return flow of 0 or 30% of the groundwater withdrawal rate. The cross-sectional solute-transport model indicated that the freshwater zone is about 1,500 to 2,000 ft thick beneath the well field. Transient simulations show that solutes probably will move laterally toward the well field rather than from beneath the well field. (USGS)

  3. An Empirical Development of Parallelization Guidelines for Time-Driven Simulation (United States)


    program parallelization. in this research effort a Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) time driven simulation program, developed by DESE Research and...are applied to characterizing the functional parallelism within the sequential simulation. Both verbal and graphical representations are used. Data...BMD simulation, developed by DESE Research and Engineering, Incor- porated, was used as the test vehicle for all applications programs developed in this

  4. Absolute and contrast infrared signatures from missile noses (United States)

    Tofani, Alessandro


    The infrared radiant intensity and radiative contrast produced by the aerodynamic and solar heating of missile noses have been obtained by computer simulating the corresponding temperature distributions and by taking into account the effects of both atmosphere (absorption and self-emission) and target geometry (distance, aspect and elevation angles). Six target classes have been considered, including cruise missiles, air-to-air and surface-to-surface missiles, and ballistic missiles. The comparison between radiative quantities in the 3 to 5 μm and S to 12 μm atmospheric transmittance windows gives the optimum spectral band for target detection in each point of its trajectory.

  5. 弹道导弹SINS/CNS 组合导航系统建模与性能仿真%System Modeling and Performance Simulation on SINS/CNS Integrated Navigation System for Ballistic Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鑫; 王新龙


    Combined with the characteristics of ballistic missile and the model error caused by uncer-tain noise characteristics in engineering practice, this paper proposes a SINS/CNS integrated navigation system suitable for ballistic missiles.This system, integrated some characteristics of simple combination models and overall optimal correction combination models, uses the adaptive Kalman filtering to ensure the stability and robustness of the filter.In the simulation, according to the missile trajectory, it establi-shes a reasonable, complete guide star catalog of missile.The simulation illustrates that this navigation scheme can improve the precision of navigation parameters of ballistic missile.%针对弹道导弹在工程实际中噪声特性的不确定性及其引起的模型误差,本文提出了一种适用于弹道导弹的 SINS/CNS 组合导航方案。该方案融合了简单组合模式和基于全面最优校正的组合模式特点,采用自适应卡尔曼滤波来保证滤波的稳定性和鲁棒性,并根据导弹的飞行弹道,建立了合理、完备的弹载导航星表。仿真验证结果表明,该导航方案可以达到全面提高弹道导弹导航参数精度的目的。

  6. Cruise Missile Attack Are We Prepared (United States)


    to be met to make its air and missile defense systems interoperable with others throughout the military because the requirements for SIAP [Single...Single Integrated Air Picture ( SIAP ) and Integrated Fire Control (IFC). SIAP “is the product of fused, near real-time and real-time data from...guidance of the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology (ASAALT), the Joint SIAP System Engineering Organization (JSSEO


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandr M. Batkovsky


    Full Text Available The article describes the methodological frameworkand tools for manag-ing the strategic development ofproduction created by the defense-industrial complexof Russia. A model of the development strategy ofproducing the products is worked out, the backgroundand stability of the simulation results are analyzed.

  8. A Discrete Event Simulator for Extensive Defense Mechanism for Denial of Service Attacks Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Tanha


    Full Text Available Problem statement: Seeking for defense mechanisms against low rate Denial of Service (DoS attacks as a new generation of DoS attacks has received special attention during recent years. As a decisive factor, evaluating the performance of the offered mitigation techniques based on different metrics for determining the viability and ability of these countermeasures requires more research. Approach: The development of a new generalized discrete event simulator has been deliberated in detail. The research conducted places high emphasis on the benefits of creating a customized discrete event simulator for the analysis of security and in particular the DoS attacks. The simulator possesses a niche in terms of the small scale, low execution time, portability and ease of use. The attributes and mechanism of the developed simulator is complemented with the proposed framework. Results: The simulator has been extensively evaluated and has proven to provide an ideal tool for the analysis and exploration of DoS attacks. In-depth analysis is enabled by this simulator for creating multitudes of defense mechanisms against HTTP low rate DoS attacks. The acquired results from the simulation tool have been compared against a simulator from the same domain. Subsequently, it enables the validation of developed simulator utilizing selected performance metrics including mean in-system time, average delay and average buffer size. Conclusion: The proposed simulator serves as an efficient and scalable performance analysis tool for the analysis of HTTP low rate DoS attack defense mechanism. Future work can encompass the development of discrete event simulators for analysis of other security issues such as Intrusion Detection Systems.

  9. Research on image fusion of missile team based on multi-agent cooperative blackboard model (United States)

    Sen, Guo; Munan, Li

    The target of cooperative engagement of missile teams is to furthest improve hit rate of target according to communication and cooperation among missiles. In this paper the problems of image fusion between missile teams in complex combat environment was analyzed, after which an muti-agent blackboard cooperative model was presented and a public information platform of missile team is built according to this model. Through these, the fusion of images taken from muti-sensor of missiles can be realized and the hit rate of attacking target will be improved. At last, an simulation experiment were performed, and the feasibility of the method is proved by simulation experiment.

  10. Oncology clinicians' defenses and adherence to communication skills training with simulated patients: an exploratory study. (United States)

    Bernard, Mathieu; de Roten, Yves; Despland, Jean-Nicolas; Stiefel, Friedrich


    The aim of this exploratory study was to assess the impact of clinicians' defense mechanisms-defined as self-protective psychological mechanisms triggered by the affective load of the encounter with the patient-on adherence to a communication skills training (CST). The population consisted of oncology clinicians (N=31) who participated in a CST. An interview with simulated cancer patients was recorded prior and 6 months after CST. Defenses were measured before and after CST and correlated with a prototype of an ideally conducted interview based on the criteria of CST-teachers. Clinicians who used more adaptive defense mechanisms showed better adherence to communication skills after CST than clinicians with less adaptive defenses (F(1, 29) =5.26, p=0.03, d=0.42). Improvement in communication skills after CST seems to depend on the initial levels of defenses of the clinician prior to CST. Implications for practice and training are discussed. Communication has been recognized as a central element of cancer care [1]. Ineffective communication may contribute to patients' confusion, uncertainty, and increased difficulty in asking questions, expressing feelings, and understanding information [2, 3], and may also contribute to clinicians' lack of job satisfaction and emotional burnout [4]. Therefore, communication skills trainings (CST) for oncology clinicians have been widely developed over the last decade. These trainings should increase the skills of clinicians to respond to the patient's needs, and enhance an adequate encounter with the patient with efficient exchange of information [5]. While CSTs show a great diversity with regard to their pedagogic approaches [6, 7], the main elements of CST consist of (1) role play between participants, (2) analysis of videotaped interviews with simulated patients, and (3) interactive case discussion provided by participants. As recently stated in a consensus paper [8], CSTs need to be taught in small groups (up to 10

  11. DoD Simulations: Improved Assessment Procedures Would Increase the Credibility of Results. (United States)


    antiaircraft gun models. In 1971. during the gun air defense effectiveness study, a simulation model for the VI TLCAN was built and validated with field...Results from CARMONETTE/TRASANA Simulation Model: TRASANA Executive Summary." Draft, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico . 1985. CONFIDENTIAL. U.S

  12. Letters: Subs, Not Missiles

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tsipis, Kosta


      In a letter, MIT physicist Kosta Tsipis responds to a column in the August 1988 "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists" and clarifies his position in regard to the MX and Trident II missile programs...

  13. Centralized interception coalition formation method in networked air defense missile systems%网络化防空导弹体系集中式拦截联盟形成方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐苏妍; 朱一凡; 葛伟; 李群


    Centralized interception coalition, which focuses on the method to allocate the targets, shooters and guidance sensors in order to maximize the effectiveness of the system, is one of the new problems in Networked Air Defense Missile Systems. According to the operational context, a constrained optirnization model was proposed for the problem and the particle swarm optimization algorithm was chosen to solve the model. To solve the local optimization problem of the algorithm, the creative thinking was introduced into particles from the cognitive psychology aspects. It is considered that creative thinking can improve the cognitive capability of particles to prevent the premature convergence problem. Based on the classical four-phase model in creative thinking process, a framework of creative thinking based particle swarm optimization algorithm was provided by adapting the evolution model. According to discrete characteristics of the problem, a discrete strategy was designed by setting the coding rules and the operation rules for particles' velocity and position. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm has priority in solution quality and convergence rate.%集中式拦截联盟(CIC)形成是网络化防空导弹体系(NADMS)中的新问题,旨在确定目标、火力节点以及制导节点三者之间的最优匹配关系,以使得体系整体作战效能最大.根据问题背景,建立了CIC的约束优化问题模型,并选择收敛速度较快的粒子群优化(PSO)算法对模型进行求解.针对PSO的局部收敛问题,从认知心理学角度将人类特有的创造性思维(CT)引入粒子速度更新公式中,通过提升单个粒子的搜索能力来提高整个群体的寻优质量.基于CT过程经典的四阶段模型构建了算法框架,改进了PSO的速度更新公式.根据CIC问题特点,制定了编码策略及相关变量的离散化运算规则.实验结果证明了算法在CIC问题求解质量和收敛速度方面的优越性.

  14. ASTEROFF: A Computer Code to Deflect NEOs by Missiles shot from L1 and L3 (Earth-Moon) (United States)

    Maccone, C.

    We develop the mathematical theory for an automatic, space-based system to deflect NEOs by virtue of missiles shot from the Earth-Moon L1 and L3 Lagrangian Points. A patent application has been filed for the relevant code, dubbed ASTEROFF (= Asteroids OFF !). This code was already implemented, and a copyright for it was registered. In a paper published in Acta Astronautica, Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 185-199 (2002), this author proved mathematically the following theorem (hereafter called the ``confocal conics theorem''): ``Within the sphere of influence of the Earth, any NEO could be hit by a missile at just an angle of 90 degrees, was the missile shot from Lagrangian Points L1 or L3 of the Earth-Moon system, rather than from the surface of the Earth''. As a consequence, the hitting missile would have move along a ``confocal ellipse'' (centered at the Earth) uniquely determined by the NEO's incoming hyperbola. Based on the above theorem, the author further shows in this paper that: The proposed defense system would be ideal to deflect NEOs that are small, i.e. less than one kilometer in diameter. Small NEOs are just the most difficult ones to be detected early enough and to such an orbital accuracy to be positively sure that they are indeed hazardous. The traditional theory of Keplerian orbits can successfully be applied to get an excellent first-order approximation of the (otherwise unknown) mathematical formulae of the energy/momentum requested to achieve the NEO deflection. Many engineering details about the missiles shot from L1 and L3, however, still have to be implemented into our simulations, partly because they are classified. Was one missile not enough to deflect the NEO completely, it is a great advantage of the ``confocal conics'' used here that the new, slightly deflected NEO's hyperbola would certainly be hit at nearly 90 degrees by another and slightly more eccentric elliptical missile trajectory. A sufficient number of missiles could thus be launched in a

  15. A Dynamic Defense Modeling and Simulation Methodology using Semantic Web Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kangsun Lee


    Full Text Available Defense Modeling and Simulations require interoperable and autonomous federates in order to fully simulate complex behavior of war-fighters and to dynamically adapt themselves to various war-game events, commands and controls. In this paper, we propose a semantic web service based methodology to develop war-game simulations. Our methodology encapsulates war-game logic into a set of web services with additional semantic information in WSDL (Web Service Description Language and OWL (Web Ontology Language. By utilizing dynamic discovery and binding power of semantic web services, we are able to dynamically reconfigure federates according to various simulation events. An ASuW (Anti-Surface Warfare simulator is constructed to demonstrate the methodology and successfully shows that the level of interoperability and autonomy can be greatly improved.

  16. Missile Defense Information Technology Small Business Conference (United States)


    Training – IT Infrastructure Library ( ITIL ) Framework – MDIOC – Summary Purpose 3Approved for Public Release 09-MDA-4854 (27 AUG 09) 4Approved for...4854(27 AUG 09) ITIL Phases Go/No Go Decisions Initiation Documentation of the Business Need through Preliminary BCA Concept Development Technical...accordance with user requirements using performance metrics SDLC Phases ITIL Phases Service Strategy Identify the requirements that support the

  17. Army Air and Missile Defense. Future Challenges (United States)


    Peace/ Colombia Scenario " Features of this Future "* Spread of democracy eliminates risk of wars "* EU, China, Japan economic, but not political, U.S...multinational effort to restore order to Bogota, Colombia , led by the U.S. Army. This would follow extensive and debilitating urban conflict between...Egypt Civil War Scenario . Features of this Future "* Nation-states destroyed in several regions by overpopulation , environmental degradation, ethnic

  18. An Analysis of Theater Missile Defense Systems. (United States)


    Ave. Fort Leavenworth, KS, 66027-1352 LTC John M. Rogers University of Kentucky College of Law Lexington, KY, 40506-0048 Naval War College Library ...Both President Clinton and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General John Shailikashvili have stated the country and the military are...1977), 84. 2 1William J. Durch, The ABM Treaty and Western Security (Cambridge: Ballinger Publishing, 1988), 36. 22Ibid., 8. 23Ernest J. Yanarella, The

  19. Discrete event simulation of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) analytical laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shanahan, K.L.


    A discrete event simulation of the Savannah River Site (SRS) Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) analytical laboratory has been constructed in the GPSS language. It was used to estimate laboratory analysis times at process analytical hold points and to study the effect of sample number on those times. Typical results are presented for three different simultaneous representing increasing levels of complexity, and for different sampling schemes. Example equipment utilization time plots are also included. SRS DWPF laboratory management and chemists found the simulations very useful for resource and schedule planning.

  20. Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) (United States)


    Defense Program ICE - Independent Cost Estimate IOC - Initial Operational Capability Inc - Increment JROC - Joint Requirements Oversight Council $K...penetrating warhead with a robust blast fragmentation capability. The missiles employ an IIR seeker system to attack fixed, point targets requiring precision

  1. 通用空空导弹ACMI毁伤评估仿真模型%"Hit or Miss" Assessment of Generic Air-to-Air Missile Simulation Model in ACMI System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张滢; 杨任农; 左家亮


    空空导弹飞行速度快,在系统传输延迟时间内,飞行距离往往大于战斗部的威力半径,难以确定目标机的毁伤情况.可以通过空战演习训练(ACMI)系统能大幅提升空战作战效能,在安全条件下,一般采用仿真模型代替实弹,进行毁伤评估.根据空空导弹飞行力学原理,建立导弹运动方程.为了准确进行毁伤评估,提出了计算导弹与目标最小距离的两种方法,实现延迟时间内完成导弹毁伤评估.最后给出评估的具体条件,建立模型进行仿真.仿真结果证实了模型的合理性和可行性.%Operational efficiency in the air combat can be greatly improved by introducing ACMI system for training. Considering the aspects of money and safety, it is the "Hit or Miss" assessment that uses the missile simulation models instead of the real ones. However, As a result of the high speed of the air-to-air missile, its flying distance within the transmission time is usually beyond the explosive range, which makes it difficult to assess. Firstly, the equation is set up in this paper, according to the theory of missile flight mechanics. Then, two methods which calculate the closest approach between missile and target aircraft are presented to accomplish the assessment within the transmission time. By listing several conditions, the "Hit or Miss" assessment of the missile model is established,and the simulation experiments prove its rationality and usefulness.

  2. Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) (United States)


    Retrieval Dev Est - Development Estimate DoD - Department of Defense DSN - Defense Switched Network Econ - Economic Eng - Engineering Est...Missile Reliability (KSA) (CPD para 6.2.8) 4th Lot .91 4th Lot. 91 IOT &E .80 4th Lot .85 IOT &E .95 4th Lot .91 JASSM December 2013 SAR April 16, 2014 17...Acronyms and Abbreviations CPD - Capability Production Document IOT &E - Initial Operational Test and Evaluation KPP - Key Performance Parameter KSA - Key

  3. Interior Ballistic Modeling and Simulation of Underwater Launched Missile Using Concentric Canister Launcher%同心筒水下发射内弹道建模与仿真研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁绪龙; 王亚东; 刘维


    To construct a fast calculation method of interior ballistics of underwater launched missile using Concentric Canister Launcher(CCL),a simulation model of CCL was established according to the first law of thermodynamics,and power characteristics and underwater environment were considered.The empirical parameters in this model were decided using CFD solutions,and they were verified by more calculations.The influences of design parameters on the interior ballistics were studied by the verified model.The simulation shows that the sizes of canister top and bottom restricting parts can be used to adjust launching velocity of missile;the size of canister bottom restricting part can be adapted to modify the acceleration of missile.It can increase the adjusting range of velocity to increase initial volumes of inner and outer canister.The simulation method and results offer reference for engineers.%为构建一种快速的同心筒水下发射内弹道算法,采用热力学第一定律,结合导弹动力装置特性及水下环境需求,建立了同心筒水下发射内弹道计算模型,用CFD结果辨识并校验模型经验参数.应用校验的模型研究了发射装置设计参数对内弹道参数的影响规律.结果表明:筒口、筒底限流尺寸均可用于调速,筒底限流尺寸可用于调节过载,内、外筒初始容积增大可增大调速范围.仿真方法和结果可供工程设计人员参考.

  4. Modeling Of Ballistic Missile Dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salih Mahmoud Attiya


    Full Text Available Aerodynamic modeling of ballistic missile in pitch plane is performed and the open-loop transfer function related to the jet deflector angle as input and pitch rate, normal acceleration as output has been derived with certain acceptable assumptions. For typical values of ballistic missile parameters such as mass, velocity, altitude, moment of inertia, thrust, moment and lift coefficient show that, the step time response and frequency response of the missile is unstable. The steady state gain, damping ratio and undraped natural frequency depend on the missile parameters. To stabilize the missile a lead compensator must be added to the forward loop.

  5. Flight testing of the AIM/RIM-7M missile, preflight analysis (United States)

    Hicks, W.; Greenberg, E.


    The AIM/RIM-7M missile is the most recent version of the AIM-7 missile series. It is in the preproduction phase and has completed most of the preproduction flight test evaluation. A description is presented of the preflight simulation techniques used, taking into account the value of the techniques in predicting the results of actual flights. The AIM/RIM-7M is a semiactive, radar-guided homing missile with sophisticated onboard digital processing. It may be launched from either an aircraft or a surface system. To a large degree, the AIM/RIM-7M represents problems typical of all guided missiles. The described techniques are directly applicable to radar-guided missiles and generically to all types of guided missiles. Attention is given to simulation bay activities, the anechoic chamber, aspects of RF control, the target array, computer models, aspects of preflight simulations, and the test setup.

  6. Missile defence : An overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weimar, P.W.L.


    At the present day, an unparalleled number of international actors, be it national governments or non-state groups, have acquired or are seeking to acquire both weapons of mass destruction and the means to deliver them. Those means of delivery can be Ballistic Missiles that can bridge vast – even

  7. Missile defence : An overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weimar, P.W.L.


    At the present day, an unparalleled number of international actors, be it national governments or non-state groups, have acquired or are seeking to acquire both weapons of mass destruction and the means to deliver them. Those means of delivery can be Ballistic Missiles that can bridge vast – even in

  8. Analysis of Nonlinear Missile Guidance Systems Through Linear Adjoint Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaled Gamal Eltohamy


    Full Text Available In this paper, a linear simulation algorithm, the adjoint method, is modified and employed as an efficient tool for analyzing the contributions of system parameters to the miss - distance of a nonlinear time-varying missile guidance system model. As an example for the application of the linear adjoint method, the effect of missile flight time on the miss - distance is studied. Since the missile model is highly nonlinear and a time-varying linearized model is required to apply the adjoint method, a new technique that utilizes the time-reversed linearized coefficients of the missile as a replacement for the time-varying describing functions is applied and proven to be successful. It is found that, when compared with Monte Carlo generated results, simulation results of this linear adjoint technique provide acceptable accuracy and can be produced with much less effort.

  9. Analysis on Ship-to-Air Missile Kill ZoneUnder Ship-Ship Coordinate Air Defense%舰舰协同防空的舰空导弹杀伤区分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚跃亭; 赵建军; 刘林密; 崔伟成


    In order to describe the coupling kill zone in fleet coordinate air defense quantitatively, the depth and shape of it is studied. The characters of kill zone in single ship air defense is analyzed, the typical formation of fleet air defense is studied, and the hierarchical closed circle theory that hierarchical multi-layer in longitudinal direction and coupled of same order in latitudinal direction is given. According to the zero and none zero airway shortcut, the calculation model of first order coupled kill zone depth is brought forward. And it is extended to higher order. The sensitiveness of spacing interval and azimuth angle to the coupled kill zone depth is simulated. Results show that the model can be instructive.%针对舰艇编队协同防空时的耦合杀伤区形状及纵深等问题进行了研究,以定量地对编队耦合杀伤区进行简化描述.分析了单舰对典型目标的杀伤区特性,探讨了舰艇编队的典型防空队形,研究了纵向上递阶多层次、横向上同阶耦合的"递阶封闭圈原理".以一阶耦合杀伤区为重点,依据攻击目标的不同,将其分成相对航路捷径为零和相对航路捷径均非零两类情况建立了耦合杀伤区纵深的计算模型,并扩展到了高阶耦合的情况.研究了耦合杀伤区与舰舰间距和来袭目标进攻舷角等参数的相互关系以及灵敏度.结果表明建立的模型符合实际,具有一定的指导意义.

  10. Defense Technology Objectives of the Joint Warfighting Science and Technology and Defense Technology Area Plan. (United States)


    occlusion , multipath etc.) through the use of inertial measurement systems (Interferometric Fiber Optic Gyro, Dynamically Tuned Gyro) and systems provide mobile and semi- mobile assets (e.g., Abrams, Theater Missile Defense - TMD ) with low cost, low burden for development of an operational high energy Airborne Laser (ABL) for Theater Missile Defense ( TMD ). Address risk reduction issues for develop

  11. 弹载PD雷达主杂波盲区建模与仿真%Modeling and Simulation of Missile-borne Radar Main-lobe Clutter Blind Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔燕涛; 赵华超


    Pulse Doppler( PD)radar may engender main-lobe clutter blind zone due to its system. The former missile model did not take main-lobe clutter into account. Frequently,because the guidance system design does not take the main-lobe clutter model into account,the missile tracks false target in the aerial tether test. This paper works on the blind zone engendered by missile-borne radar,sets up model of the blind zone,then simulates and verifies the model by using the technology of virtual prototype. The results show that this mode meets designed requirements. This model can provide reliable basis for seeking meth-ods to circumvention main-lobe blind zone.%PD雷达由于体制原因将会出现主杂波盲区,以往的导弹模型一般不考虑主杂波的影响,由于在制导系统设计过程中未考虑主杂波模型导致空中系留试验甚至经常出现跟踪虚假目标的情况;对弹载PD雷达主杂波盲区进行研究,建立模型并利用虚拟样机技术进行仿真、验证,结果表明:该模型能够满足要求,将为寻求规避主杂波盲区的方法提供可靠依据。

  12. 气密条件下水下热发射流场数值研究%Numerical simulation of complex flow field for missile launched under-water under gas proof conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅德彬; 于殿君; 张志勇


    To research the complex flow field for missile launched under water under gas proof condition, the multi-phase mixing model was used to simulate the coupled flow, heat transfer and phase changing process between combustion gas, liquid water and water steam. The dynamic mesh method was used to update the flow field following with the missile movement. The calculated results indicat that the pressure at the nozzle exit, which is influenced by the coupled flow, experienced different status, such as pressure peak value, second peak value, step increase, pressure vibration and so on. Furthermore, the developing process of the gas cavity and the temperature variation on the missile surface were discovered during the calculating process.%针对气密条件下导弹水下热发射伴随的复杂多相流动,采用混合多相流模型求解燃气、水介质与水蒸气的耦合流动、传热及相变过程;利用动网格技术模拟导弹发射初期的计算城变化.计算结果表明,受多相耦合流动影响,发动机喷管出口参数经历了压强峰值、压强次峰值、压强阶梯上升、压强波动及压强震荡等不同状态,对发动机推力产生重要影响.此外,计算过程还揭示了发射筒口燃气泡发展、导弹表面温度变化等过程的基本规律.

  13. Passive Acoustic Radar for Detecting Supersonic Cruise Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO Feng; XIAO Hui


    A Passive Acoustic Radar is presented as a necessary complement to electromagnetic wave radar, which will be expected to be an effective means for detecting cruise missiles. Acoustic characteristics of supersonic flying projectiles with diverse shapes are expounded via experiment. It is pointed out that simulation experiment could be implemented using bullet or shell instead of cruise missile. Based on theoretical analysis and experiment, the "acoustic fingerprint" character of cruise missile is illustrated to identify it in a strong noise environment. After establishing a locating mathematical model,the technique of acoustic embattling is utilized to resolve a problem of confirming the time of early-warning, considering the fact that velocity of sound is much slower than that of light. Thereby, a whole system of passive acoustic radar for detecting supersonic cruise missile is formed.

  14. Attacking the Cruise Missile Threat (United States)


    little warning before a strike. Cruise missiles such as Silkworm and Exocet are designed to fly at “sea-skimming” levels only a few feet above the surface...the SS-N-2 Styx missile, a surface-to-surface antiship cruise missile. Most variants of modern cruise missiles are conversions of the Styx—the Silkworm ...number of Soviet built SS-N-2 Styxes that had been dismounted from boats.23 The Silkworm , the predominant of these variants, is the “Scud” of cruise

  15. Defense Waste Processing Facility Simulant Chemical Processing Cell Studies for Sludge Batch 9

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Tara E. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Newell, J. David [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Woodham, Wesley H. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)


    The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) received a technical task request from Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) and Saltstone Engineering to perform simulant tests to support the qualification of Sludge Batch 9 (SB9) and to develop the flowsheet for SB9 in the DWPF. These efforts pertained to the DWPF Chemical Process Cell (CPC). CPC experiments were performed using SB9 simulant (SB9A) to qualify SB9 for sludge-only and coupled processing using the nitric-formic flowsheet in the DWPF. Two simulant batches were prepared, one representing SB8 Tank 40H and another representing SB9 Tank 51H. The simulant used for SB9 qualification testing was prepared by blending the SB8 Tank 40H and SB9 Tank 51H simulants. The blended simulant is referred to as SB9A. Eleven CPC experiments were run with an acid stoichiometry ranging between 105% and 145% of the Koopman minimum acid equation (KMA), which is equivalent to 109.7% and 151.5% of the Hsu minimum acid factor. Three runs were performed in the 1L laboratory scale setup, whereas the remainder were in the 4L laboratory scale setup. Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycles were performed on nine of the eleven. The other two were SRAT cycles only. One coupled flowsheet and one extended run were performed for SRAT and SME processing. Samples of the condensate, sludge, and off-gas were taken to monitor the chemistry of the CPC experiments.

  16. Missile Defense: Ballistic Missile Defense System Testing Delays Affect Delivery of Capabilities (United States)


    space objects. It also added two capabilities, expected in December 2020, to assess intercepts from space and improve discrimination. Amid this...contributions to this report were LaTonya Miller, Assistant Director, Helena Johnson, Anh Nguyen, Wiktor Niewiadomski, Steven B. Stern, Brian Tittle, Hai Tran

  17. Archie to SAM: A Short Operational History of Ground-Based Air Defense (United States)


    Bulletin, 11 July 2000; and Robert Suro , “Missile Defense is Still Just A Pie in the Sky,” Washington Post, 12 February 2001. 31. The Aegis ships already...April 2000; “Misdirected Missile Defense Plan,” Los Angeles Times, 30 April 2000; and Robert Suro and Steven Mufson, “GAO Report Finds Fault with

  18. Televised reality - representation or simulation A study of television news reports on the Strategic Defense Initiative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dethridge, L.F.


    In recent years, the relationship between sign and meaning has been challenged by the work of Jean Baudrillard. While Baudrillard's ideas derive from semiotics, they imply a radical departure from a notion of the sign as the necessary representation of any fixed reality. Baudrillard refers to the signs produced by mass media and suggests that these include a new semiotic category called simulation. This term describes a false hyperreality that results when the borderline between sign and reality is confused. Baudrillard traces the historical phases of the image to compare either modes of representation with the most recent phase of simulation. He provides a number of criteria that can be used to distinguish between various modes of the sign. This research explicates Baudrillard's theory by applying it to the analysis of specific television texts, two ABC news reports on the Strategic Defense Initiative or Star Wars. In this application of Baudrillard's theory, sophisticated computer graphics are seen to simulate the hyperrealistic scenario of a war in space.

  19. Target acquisition probability at hand-off from midcourse to terminal guidance of a BVR air defense missile%超视距防空导弹中末制导交接班时的目标捕获概率研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘少波; 赵良玉


    中末制导交接班时的目标捕获概率是超视距防空导弹作战过程中的一个重要指标。为了快速计算中末制导交接班时的目标捕获概率,通过将导弹和目标的三维空间散布转换为视线坐标系下弹目相对位置向量的均值和方差,建立了一种红外导引头中末制导交接班时的目标捕获概率解析计算模型,并利用蒙特卡洛方法验证了其有效性。以此模型为基础,采用正交试验方法完成了目标捕获概率的灵敏度分析,极差和方差分析结果均表明,导引头视场角对目标捕获概率的影响最显著,弹目相对位置向量在视线坐标系OyL 轴和OzL 轴上投影的方差次之。%The target acquisition probability is an important parameter at hand⁃off from midcourse to terminal guidance of a be⁃yond visual range ( BVR) air defense missile. In order to calculate the target acquisition probability with low computational cost, the distributions of the missile and the target in three⁃dimensional space were transformed to the mean and variance of relative range vector in line⁃of⁃sight coordinate firstly, and then an analytical model was established to calculate the target acquisition probability of a kind of missile with an infrared seeker. After the analytical model was verified by the Monte Carlo method, it was employed to investigate the sensitivity of the target acquisition probability by means of orthogonal experiments. The results of range analysis and variance analysis both prove that the influence of seeker field angle on the target acquisition probability is dominated, and influences of variances of projections of relative range vector along OyL and OzL direction in line⁃of⁃sight coordinate are the second.

  20. Robust control for snake maneuver design of missile (United States)

    Kun, Ya; Chen, Xin; Li, Chuntao


    For the performance of missile with high Mach number and strongly nonlinear dynamics, this paper uses robust control to design maneuver controller. Robust servomechanism linear quadratic regulator (RSLQR) control is used to form the inner loop and proportional-plus-integral (PI) control is used to provide yawing tracking with no error. Contrast simulations under three types of deviation have been done to confirm robustness of the RSLQR-plus-PI control. Simulation results shows that RSLQR-plus-PI control would resist the disturbance and maintain the properties of the controller, guarantee the robustness and stability of missile more effectively than pure PI control.

  1. Analysis and simulation on continuous fire frequency of coordinate air defense in warship formation%舰艇编队协同防空连续射击次数仿真分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范英飚; 姚跃亭; 高波; 刘林密


    To calculate the fire frequency of coordinate air defense in fleet, a calculation model restrained by kill zone depth, course shortcut and interval length between ships is presented. Using the geometrical relationship between missile-target encounter point and the launch point, also with the inductive approach, models of single ship anti-air missile fire frequency to target with zero or none zero course shortcuts are brought forward. The total firing frequency of fleet air defense is divided into two parts: fires from ship under attack and covering fires from adjacent ship, and the covering kill zone depth of the latter part is inducted with constrains of maximum and mini mum ranges. Thus the covering fire frequency model is given. The fleet firing frequency sensitivities to key parameters such as velocity,course angle and interval length is studied with a simulation example, and results show that the calculation model is instructive.%为解决舰艇编队协同防空中的射击次数计算问题,提出了受杀伤区纵深,航路捷径和舰艇间隔距离约束的计算模型.利用导弹发射时刻至弹目遭遇时间内弹目之间的几何关系,经过归纳递推得到单艘舰艇零航路捷径和非零航路捷径时的舰空导弹射击次数模型.将编队协同防空的射击次数计算分解为被攻击舰和邻舰的射击次数之和,依据编队协同防空的几何关系得到邻舰掩护杀伤区纵深,得到了该纵深的远界和近界约束,进而得到邻舰的舰空导弹掩护射击次数模型.结合实例,研究了编队连续射击次数对目标速度、舷角和舰艇间隔距离等关键参数的敏感度,表明了模型的可行性和实用性.

  2. Advanced Simulation Center (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Advanced Simulation Center consists of 10 individual facilities which provide missile and submunition hardware-in-the-loop simulation capabilities. The following...

  3. Adaptive Missile Guidance Using GPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pallavi Sharad Rupnar


    Full Text Available The name adaptive means we can guide any missile using GPS in any critical conditions. GPS guided missiles, using the exceptional navigational and surveying abilities of GPS, after being launched, could deliver a warhead to any part of the globe via the interface of the onboard computer in the missile with the GPS satellite system.GPS allows accurate targeting of various military weapons including ICBMs, cruise missiles and precision-guided munitions. Artillery projectiles with embedded GPS receivers able to withstand accelerations of 12,000 G have been developed for use in 155mm.GPS guided weapons, with their technological advances over previous, are the superior weapon of choice in modern days

  4. Health Management and Service Life for Air Force Missiles (United States)


    prediction of performance will be conducted DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. PA# TBD 24 • Empiricism ...Strategic Missile A&S Approach Overview Empiricism DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. PA# TBD...Extrapolation Simulated Data 25 • Empiricism cannot always predict future state • Mechanistic method enables enhanced predictions • Mechanistic will not be

  5. Bayesian Missile System Reliability from Point Estimates (United States)


    OCT 2014 2. REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Bayesian Missile System Reliability from Point Estimates 5a. CONTRACT...Principle (MEP) to convert point estimates to probability distributions to be used as priors for Bayesian reliability analysis of missile data, and...illustrate this approach by applying the priors to a Bayesian reliability model of a missile system. 15. SUBJECT TERMS priors, Bayesian , missile

  6. Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues (United States)


    2011/10/navy- dual -use-submarines-attack-guided-missile-101511w/ 46 U.S. Department of Defense, Major Budget Decisions Briefing From the Pentagon...According to DARPA, its preliminary results show that the HTV-2 achieved controlled flight in the atmosphere before telemetry was lost nine minutes after

  7. 15 CFR 742.5 - Missile technology. (United States)


    ... to the design, development, production, or use of missiles. These items are identified in ECCNs on... air vehicle systems (including cruise missile systems, target drones, and reconnaissance drones... the design, development, production, or use of missiles; (iii) The capabilities and objectives of...

  8. Digital Simulation of Kill Probability on Shipborne Weapon System Against Missile Target%舰炮武器系统对导弹目标毁伤概率的数字仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云超; 冯元伟


    Taking antimissile shipbome gun weapon system as a prototype, based on the operational process of this weapon system, and by using dynamic accuracy test data of naval gun tracing real object,a mathematical model of dynamic accuracy test calculating kill probability is constructed to simulate kill probability of shipborne gun system by directly hitting against missile targets, which realizes this simulation calculation. The simulation result is similar to that of actual effect of firing. Results show that the way of the simulation can carry out dynamic accuracy calculating kill probability and provide basis for decision making for the scheme of firing tests and supply reference for fire efficiency' s evaluation and effectiveness assessment of shipborne gun weapon system.%以某型反导舰炮武器系统为原型,通过分析舰炮武器系统反导作战过程,利用靶场舰炮武器系统的动态精度试验数据,建立了动态精度计算毁伤概率的数学模型,模拟了舰炮武器系统对导弹目标着发射击的毁伤概率,实现了毁伤概率的仿真计算,仿真结果与实弹射击结果接近.结果表明,应用这种方法,可以实现动态精度预估毁伤概率,为射击试验方案制定提供决策依据,也可以为舰炮武器系统射击效力的鉴定和效能评估提供参考.

  9. Remote control missile model test (United States)

    Allen, Jerry M.; Shaw, David S.; Sawyer, Wallace C.


    An extremely large, systematic, axisymmetric body/tail fin data base was gathered through tests of an innovative missile model design which is described herein. These data were originally obtained for incorporation into a missile aerodynamics code based on engineering methods (Program MISSILE3), but can also be used as diagnostic test cases for developing computational methods because of the individual-fin data included in the data base. Detailed analysis of four sample cases from these data are presented to illustrate interesting individual-fin force and moment trends. These samples quantitatively show how bow shock, fin orientation, fin deflection, and body vortices can produce strong, unusual, and computationally challenging effects on individual fin loads. Comparisons between these data and calculations from the SWINT Euler code are also presented.

  10. DoD Space S and T Community of Interest Presentation to National Defense University (United States)


    Satellite Communications Technology Sub-Area 2 Missile Warning, Missile Defense, Kill Assessment and Attack Assessment Technology Sub-Area 3...7% Air Force Army Navy DARPA Other Components Space Control 9% Satellite Comms 8% Missile Warning & Attack 1% Command and Control, $23 Space...24 satellites • NASA investments are buoying new entrants for orbital and suborbital markets © Virgin Galactic © Surrey © Iridium © COSMO

  11. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, Introduction to National Defense Modernization % (United States)


    earth satellites, and intercontin- ental balletic missiles were successfully developed, and units that could master and use these weapons and...missile. The required processing by the side that is being attacked is even more complex. A missile is fitted with seven warheads, of which some are...capacity of 1,300 telephone circuits. The Defense Communications Satellite III, which is now being developed, will be fitted with a new multibeam antenna

  12. 基于LabVIEW和DAQ的导弹通用测试平台设计与仿真%Design and Simulation on an Improved Missile Test Platform Based on DAQ and LabVIEW

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄汉桥; 周军; 于晓洲


    According to the present state weapon test system for air-to-air missile, an improved test platform based on PC-DAQ and LabⅥEW is designed. The hardware is designed by the method of modularization. The signal conditioning circuit is designed particularly. The designed software mainly solves the problem of how to use CIN to transfer VC++ drives and how to use CLF to actualize the skills that compiling and applying the dynamic link library which is used for LabVIEW. By using it, the virtual graphic user interface, system control,data processing codes and data saving are given out, so the function of long-distance network detection is real-ized. In simulations, it is found that the test platform advancing the automation and general utilization of test e-quipment, and having many advantages that it is easy to operate and upgrade, which is of great importance in fully exerting the combating efficiency of the air-to-air missile.%针对空空导弹检测设备的发展现状,设计了基于LabVIEW和PC-DAQ的机载导弹通用测试平台.硬件采用模块化设计,侧重设计了信号调理电路,主要包括取有效值、过零比较、隔离放大电路和滤波等电路.软件设计主要实现了利用CIN图标调用VC++驱动程序以及利用CLF节点实现可供LabVIEW直接调用的动态库DLL文件的编制与调用等技术,完成了虚拟面板、系统控制、数据采集处理和显示存储等程序的编制,最后还实现了远程网络监控功能,可以方便地进行远程实时测试和故障诊断.仿真实验表明,所设计的测试平台提高了导弹检测设备的模块化、标准化、通用化,具有性价比高、操作简单、易于升级等优点.

  13. Study on the Spline Filter Algorithm in Ballistic Missile Boost-phase%弹道导弹主动段样条滤波算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峰; 田康生


    对弹道导弹主动段进行跟踪是弹道导弹主动段防御中极其重要的任务,它是制导拦截的基础.针对传统方法在弹道导弹主动段跟踪能力不足,建立了弹道导弹主动段样条滤波算法.该滤波算法首先用样条函数建立了主动段运动模型,其次在此基础上将运动状态进行了解耦,建立了状态方程,最后基于解耦模型,应用Kalman滤波进行了状态估计,并且在估计中设计了模型更新方法,使算法具有很好的机动跟踪性能.仿真实验证明,该跟踪算法估计精度高于其它算法.%The tracking of ballistic missile under boost-phase is extremely important in the missile early defense program. It is the base of interception. In respect that traditional methods have essential deficiency on the tracking of ballistic missile under boost-phase, this paper introduces a filter algorithm based on spline modeling. First, a ballistic missile under boost-phase motion model is established based on spline function. Then movement state is decoupled. Equation of State is established. At last, based on the decoupling model, state is estimated by using Kalman Filter. This paper has designed a model updating method in order to make it capable of maneuver target tracking. The simulation result shows that this algorithm has high precision and good performance.

  14. Analysis Of The Infrared Emission Due To Aerodynamic Heating Of Missile Domes (United States)

    Tofani, Alessandro


    A computer simulation of head-on infrared emission from missile noses has been performed. Both cruise missiles and tactical ballistic missiles were considered; results indicate a strong dependence of the emitted radiation on physical and geometrical properties of aerodynamic surfaces, flow character in the boundary layer and atmospheric characteristics. The model allows to give an order-of-magnitude estimate of radiant intensity in the 8-12 μm and 3-5 μm spectral bands and to determine their relative merits as far as the target detection is concerned.

  15. Robust missile feedback control strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trottemant, E.J.; Scherer, C.W.; Weiss, M.; Vermeulen, A.


    The nature of the missile interception problem with two noncooperative players leads to the field of differential games. Introducing nonlinear uncertain models can potentially lead to nonexistence of game theoretic equilibrium strategies, computationally intractable problems, and/or highly reduced p

  16. Acceleration effects on missile aerodynamics

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Gledhill, Irvy MA


    Full Text Available Practical requirements are now arising in which significant acceleration takes place during flight; 5th generation missiles, such as A-Darter, execute turns at 100 g, where g is the acceleration due to gravity, and thrust from propulsion systems may...

  17. The DTIC Review; Volume 3 Number 4. Antimissile Defense: Strategic Interceptor (United States)


    PERSONAL AUTHORS: HADYNSKI, MARK; URBANO , REYNALDO; SVOREC, GREGORY J. RAY ABSTRACT: (U) (U) The task of developing ABSTRACT: (U) The Ballistic Missile...primarily of refurbished components a formidable response - state of the art Theater acquired for the system’s demonstration and Missile Defense (TMD

  18. A Terminal Guidance Law Based on Motion Camouflage Strategy of Air-to-Ground Missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang-sheng Gao


    Full Text Available A guidance law for attacking ground target based on motion camouflage strategy is proposed in this paper. According to the relative position between missile and target, the dual second-order dynamics model is derived. The missile guidance condition is given by analyzing the characteristic of motion camouflage strategy. Then, the terminal guidance law is derived by using the relative motion of missile and target and the guidance condition. In the process of derivation, the three-dimensional guidance law could be designed in a two-dimensional plane and the difficulty of guidance law design is reduced. A two-dimensional guidance law for three-dimensional space is derived by bringing the estimation for target maneuver. Finally, simulation for the proposed guidance law is taken and compared with pure proportional navigation. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed guidance law can be applied to air-to-ground missiles.

  19. Defense Acquisitions: Assessments of Selected Weapon Programs (United States)


    Radios, Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netter Sensor System, C-130 Avionics Modernization Program, or National Polar-orbiting...investigation of hypoxia-like physiological symptoms experienced by some F- 22A pilots, an issue identified as being significant starting in 2008 and

  20. Techniques for Combined Arms for Air Defense (United States)


    defense systems. Planning must focus on current threat intelligence capitalizing on suspected and reported enemy information that may shape near term...over short distances as attack and transport platforms because they have exceptional low altitude flight capabilities. These aircraft are easily masked...BALLISTIC MISSILES (TBM) What are the capabilities of threat TBM systems regarding:  Performance ( flight time, speed, trajectory and launch

  1. Student Papers on Strategic Defense Initiative. (United States)


    force". The Army’s recent emphasis on maneuver and mobil - ity, and the employment of smaller units, demonstrates the utility of this forgo the use of defensive space systems, since some of the techonology now investigated could at least pro- tect missile sites, and make the

  2. Defense Science and Technology Success Stories (United States)


    program. POC: Mr. Paul Koskey, MDA/ DVI , 703-882-6154 Year: FY 2006/2007 Fiber Grating Sensor for Damage Assessment MISSILE DEFENSE AGENCY (MDA) 43...sulfur, these microorganisms remove a potentially fouling precipitate from the anode. Collective activity of the biofilm and continuous flux of fuel by

  3. Steady Fault Characteristic Analysis of a Missile Power System Based on a Differential Evolution Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Zhi-gao; GUAN Zheng-xi; MA Jing


    The differential evolution (DE) algorithm is applied to solving the models' equations of a whole missile power system, and the steady fault characteristics of the whole system are analyzed. The DE algorithm is robust, requires few control variables, is easy to use and lends itself very well to parallel computation. Calculation results indicate that the DE algorithm simulates faults of a missile power system very well.

  4. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/4: Missile Control in South Asia and the Role of Cooperative Monitoring Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamal, N.; Sawhney, P.


    The succession of nuclear tests by India and Pakistan in May 1998 has changed the nature of their missile rivalry, which is only one of numerous manifestations of their relationship as hardened adversaries, deeply sensitive to each other's existing and evolving defense capabilities. The political context surrounding this costly rivalry remains unmediated by arms control measures or by any nascent prospect of detente. As a parallel development, sensible voices in both countries will continue to talk of building mutual confidence through openness to avert accidents, misjudgments, and misinterpretations. To facilitate a future peace process, this paper offers possible suggestions for stabilization that could be applied to India's and Pakistan's missile situation. Appendices include descriptions of existing missile agreements that have contributed to better relations for other countries as well as a list of the cooperative monitoring technologies available to provide information useful in implementing subcontinent missile regimes.

  5. A Predictive Explicit Guidance Scheme for Ballistic Missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Prabhakar


    Full Text Available A new approach to the design of ballistic missile guidance is presented in this paper. The proposed method uses the missile model to predict the likely impact point at every guidance cycle and apply course corrections based on the predicted impact point (PIP deviations. The algorithm also estimates the in-flight thrust variation from nominal and accordingly updates the model to reduce the uncertainty in the prediction of the impact point. The performance of the algorithm is tested through 6-DOF simulation. The simulation results show excellent performance of the proposed guidance scheme in nominal & off nominal cases.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(5, pp.456-461, DOI:

  6. Missile vascular injuries: 19-year experience. (United States)

    Ahanger, Abdul Gani; Wani, Mohd Lateef; Lone, Reyaz Ahmad; Singh, Shyam; Hussain, Zahur; Mir, Ishtiyak A; Irshad, Ifat; Ashraf, Hakeem Zubair; Dar, Abdul Majeed; Lone, Ghulam Nabi; Bhat, Mohammad Akbar; Sharma, Mukand Lal


    Missile vascular injuries have reached an epidemic proportion in Kashmir valley since the eruption of militancy. The present study was undertaken to analyze the mode, pattern, presentation, and management of missile vascular injuries. A retrospective study of patients with missile vascular injury from January 1990 to October 2008 was undertaken. Five hundred eighty patients with missile vascular injury were studied. All patients with vascular injury due to causes other than missiles were excluded from the study. Most of the patients were treated by interpositional saphenous vein graft or end-to-end anastomosis. The most common complication was wound infection (22.7%) followed by graft occlusion (3.8%). The amputation rate was 3.3% and was higher in patients with a delay of >6 hours to revascularization and associated fractures. Missile vascular injury requires prompt resuscitation and revascularization. Preoperative angiography is seldom necessary. Doppler study may sometimes be needed to aid in the diagnosis.

  7. Electro-chemical batteries for guided missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. S. Jaggi


    Full Text Available Electro-chemical batteries owing to their simplicity and ease of stowage form one of the sources of electrical power inside a missile. However, all batteries are not suited for this application. This article describes the special features required of a missile borne battery pack and discusses the characteristics of various types of batteries available today in the world. Conclusions have been drawn as to the most suitable types of batteries for missile applications.

  8. Countering Air and Missile Threats (United States)


    carrying the CMs. (2) SLCMs and ground-launched cruise missiles ( GLCMs ) present opportunities for detection as well as challenges for surveillance...if possible, and engage them before they can navigate to their targets. (6) Training patterns or identifiable launch sequence events for GLCMs are...rarely observed or practiced in an overt environment. Consequently, the probability is small for conclusively identifying a GLCM TEL using current

  9. Missile trajectory shaping using sampling-based path planning


    Pharpatara, Pawit; Pepy, Romain; Hérissé, Bruno; Bestaoui, Yasmina


    International audience; This paper presents missile guidance as a complex robotic problem: a hybrid non-linear system moving in a heterogeneous environment. The proposed solution to this problem combines a sampling-based path planner, Dubins' curves and a locally-optimal guidance law. This algorithm aims to find feasible trajectories that anticipate future flight conditions, especially the loss of manoeuverability at high altitude. Simulated results demonstrate the substantial performance imp...

  10. Decoupling Control Method Based on Neural Network for Missiles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAN Li; LUO Xi-shuang; ZHANG Tian-qiao


    In order to make the static state feedback nonlinear decoupling control law for a kind of missile to be easy for implementation in practice, an improvement is discussed. The improvement method is to introduce a BP neural network to approximate the decoupling control laws which are designed for different aerodynamic characteristic points, so a new decoupling control law based on BP neural network is produced after the network training. The simulation results on an example illustrate the approach obtained feasible and effective.

  11. Robust Graded Sliding Mode Tracking Control for Low Speed Spinning Ballistic Missiles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Jun; WANG Zhi; ZHOU Feng-qi


    The nonlinear dynamic model of spinning ballistic missiles is established during the first boosting phase of the missile. Based on the conventional backstepping sliding mode control and the assumption of a two time-scale separation of missile dynamics, a graded sliding mode controller is designed with two sub-sliding surfaces which have invariability to external disturbances and parameter perturbations, and a matrix which comprises three first order low pass filters is introduced to prevent "explosion of terms". Owing to the upper bounds of the uncertainties are difficult to obtain in advance,adaptive laws are introduced to estimate the values of the uncertainties in real-time. Eventually, the numerical simulation results given to show the proposed controller can ensure the steady flight of missiles.

  12. 基于任务的潜用导弹武器系统保障性仿真评价%Simulation evaluation research on supportability of missile weapon system based on mission

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衡辉; 魏勇; 王新华; 杨迎化


    The defects existed in the traditional research of supportability were analyzed,some new evaluation indexes,including operational availability,operational readiness,mission completion success probability,were advanced,and the simulation model was established based on mission.Taking the operational mission,the structure and maintenance process as the foundation,a kind of simulating principle of missile weapon system was set up based on mission by using the theory of Monte-Carlo,Discrete Event and so on.The maintenance support simulation experiment was analyzed by an example.The evaluative parameters of mission capability on duty and support capabilities were acquired 、 Results of its application show that the method is feasible,can offer the decision for useful department and managing department.%分析传统保障性评价存在的缺陷,提出基于任务的使用可用度、战备完好率及任务成功率3个评价指标,建立相应的仿真统计模型.以使用任务、系统结构、维修保障过程分析为基础,引用离散事件、蒙特卡洛等理论建立一种基于任务的保障性评价仿真原理.通过一个实例对导弹武器系统的维修保障仿真试验进行分析,得出了导弹武器系统的执行任务能力和保障能力评价参数.仿真表明该方法是可行的,可为使用、维修保障部门评价装备的任务成功性和战备完好性等提供理论依据和方法支持.

  13. Infrared Background and Missiles Signature Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.V. Renuka


    Full Text Available The proliferation of the missile threats in the existing threat scenario for airborne platform is a serious point of consideration for any mission planning. Missile warning system is an electronic warfare support system which gives warning to the pilot when a missile is detected in the scenario. The airborne platform has to be installed with missile warning sensors to give a spherical coverage, so that the sensors can detect the IR intensity variation in the ground scenario. This IR intensity variation has to be further analysed to differentiate the raising missile intensity from the varying background clutter. In order to differentiate the threat from the background clutter, the system should have sufficient background data set for online comparison thereby having less false alarm rate. The efficiency and performance of any missile warning system is validated with respect to its probability of declaration against the false alarm rate. Hence, to realize an efficient functioning of missile warning system, building IR background data base and missile signature database are the primary task. This paper details the methodology to be adapted for the building of tactical missile IR signatures and background data.

  14. Infrared Background and Missiles Signature Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.V. Renuka


    Full Text Available The proliferation of the missile threats in the existing threat scenario for airborne platform is a serious point of consideration for any mission planning. Missile warning system is an electronic warfare support system which gives warning to the pilot when a missile is detected in the scenario. The airborne platform has to be installed with missile warning sensors to give a spherical coverage, so that the sensors can detect the IR intensity variation in the ground scenario. This IR intensity variation has to be further analysed to differentiate the raising missile intensity from the varying background clutter. In order to differentiate the threat from the background clutter, the system should have sufficient background data set for online comparison thereby having less false alarm rate. The efficiency and performance of any missile warning system is validated with respect to its probability of declaration against the false alarm rate. Hence, to realize an efficient functioning of missile warning system, building IR background data base and missile signature database are the primary task. This paper details the methodology to be adapted for the building of tactical missile IR signatures and background data.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(6, pp.611-615, DOI:

  15. Defense: FY2012 Budget Request, Authorization and Appropriations (United States)


    Senate versions of the bill would have done). The ships for which most of the total cost is authorized in FY2012 include two Virginia -class submarines, a...New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions, by Amy F. Woolf . Defense: FY2012 Budget Request, Authorization and Appropriations...Missile Defense and Offensive Arms Reductions: A Review of the Historical Record, by Steven A. Hildreth and Amy F. Woolf . Defense: FY2012 Budget

  16. Use of noise attenuation modeling in managing missile motor detonation activities. (United States)

    McFarland, Michael J; Watkins, Jeffrey W; Kordich, Micheal M; Pollet, Dean A; Palmer, Glenn R


    The Sound Intensity Prediction System (SIPS) and Blast Operation Overpressure Model (BOOM) are semiempirical sound models that are employed by the Utah Test and Training Range (UTTR) to predict whether noise levels from the detonation of large missile motors will exceed regulatory thresholds. Field validation of SIPS confirmed that the model was effective in limiting the number of detonations of large missile motors that could potentially result in a regulatory noise exceedance. Although the SIPS accurately predicted the impact of weather on detonation noise propagation, regulators have required that the more conservative BOOM model be employed in conjunction with SIPS in evaluating peak noise levels in populated areas. By simultaneously considering the output of both models, in 2001, UTTR detonated 104 missile motors having net explosive weights (NEW) that ranged between 14,960 and 38,938 lb without a recorded public noise complaint. Based on the encouraging results, the U.S. Department of Defense is considering expanding the application of these noise models to support the detonation of missile motors having a NEW of 81,000 lb. Recent modeling results suggest that, under appropriate weather conditions, missile motors containing up to 96,000 lb NEW can be detonated at the UTTR without exceeding the regulatory noise limit of 134 decibels (dB).

  17. 33 CFR 334.1130 - Pacific Ocean, Western Space and Missile Center (WSMC), Vandenberg AFB, Calif.; danger zones. (United States)


    ... Missile Center (WSMC), Vandenberg AFB, Calif.; danger zones. 334.1130 Section 334.1130 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE AND..., Calif.; danger zones. (a) The Area. (1) The waters of the Pacific Ocean in an area extending...

  18. 空空导弹固体发动机内弹道对导弹后体流场非定常影响的数值模拟%Numerical simulation on the unsteady effect of solid rocket motor internal ballistic on aft part flow field of air-to-air missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟; 梁国柱


    空空导弹高空工作过程中,外部的超声速来流与其固体火箭发动机的尾部喷流相互作用,形成复杂的非定常尾部干扰流场,影响导弹后体的工作环境。为了探寻发动机内弹道对导弹后体结构的非定常影响,采用双组分气体的非定常CFD仿真模型对某空空导弹发动机工作期间的喷管内流场和导弹外流场进行一体化数值模拟,研究了由多个自由剪切层、激波、膨胀波等组成复杂干扰流场的结构,以及在发动机内弹道和外流速度的非定场效应影响下其变化过程,在此基础上定量分析了由此引起的尾流的温度和燃气的扩散,以及在不同内弹道阶段发动机对导弹后体结构产生的影响。计算结果表明,非定常干扰流场在导弹后体附近产生不断变化的低速涡流区域,加速了温度和燃气的扩散,致使导弹尾端面区域受到高温气体冲刷,进而降低导弹后体结构的安全性。因此,空空导弹的后体设计有必要考虑并减少发动机内弹道与导弹外流的非定场影响对导弹后体安全性所造成的潜在威胁。%In the high⁃altitude working period of missile,the interaction between the supersonic external flow and the tail jet flow of solid rocket motor derives complex unsteady interactive flow at the tail of missile,which affects the working environment of aft missile.In order to explore the unsteady influence of the internal ballistics on the structure of aft missile,an unsteady CFD simulation model of double component gas was adopted to simulate numerically the integration flow field including the inner flow of nozzle and the outer flow of missile during the working period of motor. The structure of interactive flow field composed of multiple free shear layers,shock waves and expansion waves,as well as its changing process under the unsteady effect of internal ballistic and outer flow velocity,were studied.Based on it

  19. A Review of Study Panel Recommendations for Defense Modeling and Simulation (United States)


    Force Evaluation Model Gaming Evaluator GAO General Accounting Office HQDA Headquarters, Department of the Army IG Inspector General JCS Joint Chiefs... MOBA Military Operations in Built-up Areas MOBACS Military Operations in Built-up Areas Combat Simulation MOUT Military Operations in Urban Terrain MRA...Internet existing Service, college, training center, and joint games and simulations for education and training. Evolve them to be distributed, so that

  20. The Cooperative Ballistic Missile Defence Game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evers, L.; Barros, A.I.; Monsuur, H.


    The increasing proliferation of ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction poses new risks worldwide. For a threatened nation and given the characteristics of this threat a layered ballistic missile defence system strategy appears to be the preferred solution. However, such a strategy involv

  1. Principles of Guided Missiles and Nuclear Weapons. (United States)

    Naval Personnel Program Support Activity, Washington, DC.

    Fundamentals of missile and nuclear weapons systems are presented in this book which is primarily prepared as the second text of a three-volume series for students of the Navy Reserve Officers' Training Corps and the Officer Candidate School. Following an introduction to guided missiles and nuclear physics, basic principles and theories are…

  2. The Cooperative Ballistic Missile Defence Game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evers, L.; Barros, A.I.; Monsuur, H.


    The increasing proliferation of ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction poses new risks worldwide. For a threatened nation and given the characteristics of this threat a layered ballistic missile defence system strategy appears to be the preferred solution. However, such a strategy

  3. BTT autopilot design for agile missiles with aerodynamic uncer tainty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueyue Ma; Jie Guo; Shengjing Tang


    The approach to the synthesis of autopilot with aerody-namic uncertainty is investigated in order to achieve large maneu-verability of agile missiles. The dynamics of the agile missile with reaction-jet control system (RCS) are presented. Subsequently, the cascade control scheme based on the bank-to-turn (BTT) steering technique is described. To address the aerodynamic un-certainties encountered by the control system, the active distur-bance rejection control (ADRC) method is introduced in the autopi-lot design. Furthermore, a compound control er, using extended state observer (ESO) to online estimate system uncertainties and calculate derivative of command signals, is designed based on dynamic surface control (DSC). Nonlinear simulation results show the feasibility of the proposed approach and validate the robust-ness of the control er with severe unmodeled dynamics.

  4. Discrete Sliding Mode Control for Hypersonic Cruise Missile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Hua Fan


    Full Text Available A discrete variable structure control (DVSC with sliding vector is presented to track the velocity and acceleration command for a hypersonic cruise missile. In the design an integrator is augmented to ensure the tracking with zero steady-state errors. Furthermore the sliding surface of acceleration is designed using the error of acceleration and acceleration rate to avoid the singularity of control matrix. A proper power rate reaching law is utilized in this proposal; therefore the state trajectory from any initial point can be driven into the sliding surface. Besides, in order to validate the robustness of controller, the unmolded dynamic and parameter disturbance of the missile are considered. Through simulation the proposed controller demonstrates good performance in tracking velocity and acceleration command.

  5. Developing Effective Adaptive Missile Crews and Command and Control Teams for Air and Missile Defense Systems (United States)


    understanding of team roles and interdependencies; an adaptive network of roles; and a self-learning system—differentiate effective teams from a simple...aggregation of individuals. Effective teams work together toward common goals, learn as a group, and adjust their intra- team roles to reflect changing

  6. Flocking and self-defense: experiments and simulations of avian mobbing (United States)

    Kane, Suzanne Amador


    We have performed motion capture studies in the field of avian mobbing, in which flocks of prey birds harass predatory birds. Our empirical studies cover both field observations of mobbing occurring in mid-air, where both predator and prey are in flight, and an experimental system using actual prey birds and simulated predator ``perch and wait'' strategies. To model our results and establish the effectiveness of mobbing flight paths at minimizing risk of capture while optimizing predator harassment, we have performed computer simulations using the actual measured trajectories of mobbing prey birds combined with model predator trajectories. To accurately simulate predator motion, we also measured raptor acceleration and flight dynamics, well as prey-pursuit strategies. These experiments and theoretical studies were all performed with undergraduate research assistants in a liberal arts college setting. This work illustrates how biological physics provides undergraduate research projects well-suited to the abilities of physics majors with interdisciplinary science interests and diverse backgrounds.

  7. Ballistic Missile Defense Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (United States)


    vU.o1.. anO U.S.A. amidO wall Me, re 1.4e ha, re Tao1l, Soy, Rualsan OsagploO USA big ~ ~ ~~ s _._ hwdm.Pn:aNtoniasl Security Aomioor, gAnriayLakeis 001...System Safety Program Requirements Military Standard 882A is intended to ensure that a safety program that stresses hazard identification and

  8. Army Air and Missile Defense Network Design Facility (AAMDNDF) (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This facility provides JTIDS network designs and platform initialization load files for all Joint and Army-only tests, exercises, operations, and contingency events...

  9. Veiled Normalization: The Implications of Japanese Missile Defense (United States)


    and elevate the JDA to a m inistry. Later that y ear, Koizu mi’s successor, Shinzo Abe , m ade the def ense bill one of his top prioritie s and...officials. While Prime Minister Koizumi was able to a rush through security advances with relative ease, his short-lived successor Shinzo Abe did...W hile previous Prim e Ministers Koizum i and Abe we re staunch supporters of revisiting the constitutional interpretation, current Prim e Minister

  10. Missile Defense: Opportunity Exists to Strengthen Acquisitions by Reducing Concurrency (United States)


    order to model interceptor performance and thereby assess end- game performance and probability of success. 4 With HWIL models, closed loop...flight test FTM-16 E1 in March 2011, delivered the SM-3 Block IB pathfinder round to hold FTM-16 E2, and gained sufficient data in FTM-16 E2 in September

  11. Why the United States Must Deploy a National Missile Defense (United States)


    intensity it IS drvlded mto regrons where long-standing ammosntes, stmmermg resentment toward wealthter parts of the global community, personal...President Boris Yeitsm proposed that the Umted States and Russia cooperate on building a global protectlon system for the world communq--while further...111 rely on Improved space-based sensors for detectton and warmng of mlsale launches and cuemg for ground- based interceptors at one or more sites

  12. 2015 Assessment of the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) (United States)


    performance and test adequacy of the BMDS, its four autonomous BMDS systems, and its sensor/command and control architecture . The four autonomous BMDS...Patriot. The Command and Control, Battle Management, and Communications (C2BMC) element anchors the sensor/command and control architecture . This...distributed ground testing in USPACOM in support of the second AN/TPY-2 (FBM) radar fielding to Japan in 2014. Flight testing with C2BMC control

  13. Ballistic Missile Defense Glossary Version 3.0. (United States)


    pulsed electro- magnetic radiation. A thin layer of the object’s surface violently and rapidly boils off; the resulting vapor suddenly exerts pressure...Standards Institute. The ratio of the power available at the terminals of an antenna to the incident power density of a plane wave from the direction...resultant presentation to become a random series of tonal impressions. Execution of acquisition strategy to convert some parts or systems components from

  14. 40th Annual Armament Systems: Guns-Ammunition-Rockets-Missiles Conference and Exhibition (United States)


    PM] Abraham Overview, Mr. Robert Daunfeldt, Bofors Defence Summary Overview of an Advanced 2.75 Hypervelocity Weapon, Mr. Larry Bradford, CAT Flight...Engineer Tank Ammunition Directorate - IMI Ammunition Group A105/120/125 mm PELE Firing Results, Dr. Lutz Börngen, Rheinmetall Wafe Munition Line Of Sight...Missiles & Rockets Critical Asset Defense - ABRAHAM Rocket Assisted Projectile Mr. Robert Daunfeldt, Bofors Defence Hypervelocity Propulsion System

  15. Ballistic missile precession frequency extraction by spectrogram's texture (United States)

    Wu, Longlong; Xu, Shiyou; Li, Gang; Chen, Zengping


    In order to extract precession frequency, an crucial parameter in ballistic target recognition, which reflected the kinematical characteristics as well as structural and mass distribution features, we developed a dynamic RCS signal model for a conical ballistic missile warhead, with a log-norm multiplicative noise, substituting the familiar additive noise, derived formulas of micro-Doppler induced by precession motion, and analyzed time-varying micro-Doppler features utilizing time-frequency transforms, extracted precession frequency by measuring the spectrogram's texture, verified them by computer simulation studies. Simulation demonstrates the excellent performance of the method proposed in extracting the precession frequency, especially in the case of low SNR.

  16. Missile Defense Agency Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS): Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 1 Final BMDS PEIS (United States)


    dwarfed shrubs and miniature wildflowers adapted to a short growing season. Species resident in arctic tundra have evolved adaptations peculiar to high...strong northeast winds, the likelihood of pollutants remaining in the ambient air is low. Heavy industrial activities, high automobile traffic, and...bodies. Some perennial surface waters could be impacted following a flight termination. However, the probability of any individual water body, spring

  17. Missile Defense: Assessment of DODs Reports on Status of Efforts and Options for Improving Homeland Missile Defense (United States)


    locked into the original suppliers. Conversely, an open system, such as a personal computer , allows system components to be added, removed, modified...Express, Discover Card, MasterCard, Visa, check, or money order. Call for additional information. Connect with GAO on Facebook , Flickr, Twitter, and

  18. Missile Defense Agency Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS): Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 2. Appendices A - J (United States)


    18 wedding parties and a hotels full of journalists. In 19 other words, you honored military gentlemen have trouble... Hawaiian language translator? 4 MR. BONNER: I don’t think we’ve provided for 5 one, unfortunately. 6...21 actually discriminating against native Hawaiians in 22 doing so. 23 As William Eiler has said in other

  19. Missile Defense Agency Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS): Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 3 Appendices K - N (United States)


    K.2.1 Castor Rachel DC_M0217 K.2.1 Cathcart Mary DC_M4026 UCS K.2.1 Caton Barney DC_M1750 UCS K.2.1 Catrambone Natalie DC_M3934 UCS K.2.1 Caturegli...professional and nonprofit groups who specialize in public health, emergency response, sewage treatment, landfills , water, environment, toxicology, science...nonprofit groups who specialize in public health, emergency response, sewage treatment, landfills , water, environment, toxicology, science, medicine

  20. Successful hardware-in-the-loop support of the Longbow/HELLFIRE modular missile system (United States)

    Ray, Jerry A.; Larson, Gerald A.; Terry, John E.


    The Air-to-Ground Missiles Systems (AGMS) Project Management Office (PMO) chose to invest in hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) simulation as an integral part of their Longbow/HELLFIRE (Helicopter Launched, Fire-and-Forget) Modular Missile System program throughout the development and production phases. This investment has resulted in two HWIL simulations, developed by the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) Missile Research Development and Engineering Center, that have had unprecedented success in program support from the early development through production phases. The Millimeter Simulation System 1 (MSS-1) facility is capable of edge-of- the-envelope performance analysis and verification using high- fidelity target, background, and countermeasures signature modeling. The System Test/Acceptance Facility (STAF), developed in partnership with Redstone Technical Test Center, tests full-up missiles for production lot acceptance. Between these two facilities, HWIL simulation is responsible for pre- flight confidence testing of missile hardware and software, software independent verification and validation (IV&V) testing, comprehensive performance evaluation, component verification, production lot acceptance, and data gathering for the shelf life extension program. One payoff of the MSS-1 HWIL investment has been an extremely effective flight test program with MSS-1 receiving credit for saving three flight tests and documenting over 40 failure modes. With the advent of the Performance Based Specification, the MSS-1 has become involved in continuous verification of high level specifications since contractor controlled, low-level specifications are subject to change. The STAF has saved 8 million annually through providing a non-destructive lot acceptance-testing paradigm, and further benefited the production phase by discovering three production problems. This paper will highlight the innovative uses of HWIL simulation as utilized in the Longbow/HELLFIRE program and

  1. Integrated guidance and control design for missile with terminal impact angle constraint based on sliding mode control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Peng Wu; Ming Yang


    Aimed at the guidance requirements of some missiles which attack targets with terminal impact angle at the terminal point,a new integrated guidance and control design scheme based on variable structure control approach for missile with terminal impact angle constraint is proposed.First,a mathematical model of an integrated guidance and control model in pitch plane is established,and then nonlinear transformation is employed to transform the mathematical model into a standard form suitable for sliding mode control method design.A sufficient condition for the existence of linear sliding surface is given in terms of linear matrix inequalities(LMIs),based on which the corresponding reaching motion controller is also developed.To verify the effectiveness of the proposed integrated design scheme,the numerical simulation of missile is made.The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed guidance and control law can guide missile to hit the target with desired impact angle and desired flight attitude angle simultaneously.

  2. DDG-1000 Missile Integration: A Case Study (United States)


    Effectiveness (Pk) ‐ Platform  Environment ‐ Interface Definition Requirements Flow Interface  Definition Legend Figure 28. DDG-1000 Requirements Flow (from...development specifications and gaps that still exist in requirements. 71 Legacy Missile Requirements Legend DDG1000 Missile...Office Consolidates Programs, Cuts Costs.” Sea Power, Navy League of the United States, Arlington VA. February 2004. Accessed July 2013. http

  3. Quality and Reliability of Missile System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Prahlada


    Full Text Available Missile system is a single-shot weapon system which requires very high quality and reliability. Therefore, quality and reliability have to be built into the system from designing to testing and evaluation. In this paper, the technological challenges encountered during development of operational missile system and the factors considered to build quality and reliability through the design, manufacture, assembly, testing and by sharing the knowledge with other aerospace agencies, industries and institutions, etc. have been presented.

  4. Acquisition of the Army Tactical Missile System Anti-Personnel/Anti-Materiel Block IA Program

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    The Army Tactical Missile System Anti-PersonnellAnti-Materiel Block IA missile (Block IA) is a ground-launched missile system consisting of a surface-to-surface guided missile with an anti-personnel/anti-materiel warhead...

  5. Study on Method for Simultaneously Tracking and Classifying Ballistic Missile in Boost and Post-boost Phase%弹道导弹助推段同时跟踪和类型识别算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈映; 程臻; 文树梁


    It is meaningful to tracking ballistic missile in boost phase precisely by forward ground-based radar for the whole antimissile defensive system. The paper presents a new method to track ballistic missile in boost and post-boost phase based on prior database. At first, the paper extracts characteristic dynamic parameters of ballistic missile, and analyzes the sensitivities of these parameters and gives a time invariant dynamic model with parameters; then the paper simulates the performance for tracking ballistic missile in boost and post-boost phase with IMM and IUF algorithm. Compared with other dynamic models and algorithms, this new method has much higher tracking precision and by calculating the model transition prohabilities, it can classify the ballistic missiles and indicates the burnout time accurately. The simulation results validate the new method.%前置地基雷达跟踪助推段弹道导弹对整个反导防御系统有着重要意义.本文提出了一种以情报数据库为先验知识的弹道导弹助推段及后助推段跟踪方法.首先从动力学角度提取导弹助推段飞行的特征参量,并对参量的敏感度进行了分析,给出了一种参变的助推段弹道导弹时不变运动模型.然后结合交互式多模型(IMM)和迭代无敏滤波(IUF)算法进行助推段及后助推段弹道导弹跟踪仿真.与采用其他的运动模型和滤波算法相比,该方法能实现对弹道导弹助推段及后助推段更高精度的跟踪,同时结合情报数据库通过计算模型转移概率可完成导弹类型初判别,并准确指示导弹关机时刻.文章通过仿真验证了该算法的有效性.

  6. Launch Stabilisation System for Vertical Launch of a Missile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Sreekumar


    Full Text Available The launch platform stabilisation control system is a roll-pitch stabilised platform for the vertical launch of a missile from a naval ship. Stabilisation of the launch platform is achievedwith the help of embedded controllers and electro-hydraulic servo control system. The launch platform is stabilised wrt true horizontal with a 2-axis (roll and pitch stabilisation systemconsisting of a gimbal and a set of three high-pressure servo hydraulic actuators. The control system uses rate gyro and tilt sensor feedbacks for stabilising the platform. This paper outlines the details of the launch platform stabilisation control system, results of digital simulation, and the performance during sea trials.

  7. Variable centroid control scheme over hypersonic tactical missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yl; Yan(易彦); ZHOU; Fengqi(周凤岐)


    This paper presents a brand-new tactical missile control scheme--variable centroid vector control according to the international highlight in the field of missile control and the research status of hypersonic missile control in China. Four critical problems related with the new control method are included: improving phase control in the spinning missile single-channel control; establishing variable centroid controlled spinning missile attitude dynamics equations; analyzing variable centroid control strategies and analyzing the stability of the controlled missile and implementing robust control. The achievements and results obtained are valuable and helpful to the theoretical explorations and engineering applications.

  8. Variable centroid control scheme over hypersonic tactical missile (United States)

    Yi, Yan; Zhou, Fengqi


    This paper presents a brand-new tactical missile control scheme—variable centroid vector control according to the international highlight in the field of missile control and the research status of hypersonic missile control in China. Four critical problems related with the new control method are included: improving phase control in the spinning missile single-channel control; establishing variable centroid controlled spinning missile attitude dynamics equations; analyzing variable centroid control strategies and analyzing the stability of the controlled missile and implementing robust control. The achievements and results obtained are valuable and helpful to the theoretical explorations and engineering applications.

  9. Influence of Missile Fusillade Engagement Mode on Operation Efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BU Xian-jin; REN Yi-guang; SHA Ji-chang


    Shoot efficiency is one of the most important evaluation indexes of the operation efficiency of weapon system. In this paper, based on definitions of the probability and the expected number of missed attacking missiles, the expected numbers of anti-missiles and attacking missiles hit by single anti-missile, fusillade mechanism of multi-missile is analyzed systematically. The weapon operation efficiency in various engagement patterns is also studied. The results show that double missiles fusillade is the most feasible manner for increasing the weapon operation efficiency.

  10. Signature analysis of ballistic missile warhead with micro-nutation in terahertz band (United States)

    Li, Ming; Jiang, Yue-song


    In recent years, the micro-Doppler effect has been proposed as a new technique for signature analysis and extraction of radar targets. The ballistic missile is known as a typical radar target and has been paid many attentions for the complexities of its motions in current researches. The trajectory of a ballistic missile can be generally divided into three stages: boost phase, midcourse phase and terminal phase. The midcourse phase is the most important phase for radar target recognition and interception. In this stage, the warhead forms a typical micro-motion called micro-nutation which consists of three basic micro-motions: spinning, coning and wiggle. This paper addresses the issue of signature analysis of ballistic missile warhead in terahertz band via discussing the micro-Doppler effect. We establish a simplified model (cone-shaped) for the missile warhead followed by the micro-motion models including of spinning, coning and wiggle. Based on the basic formulas of these typical micro-motions, we first derive the theoretical formula of micro-nutation which is the main micro-motion of the missile warhead. Then, we calculate the micro-Doppler frequency in both X band and terahertz band via these micro-Doppler formulas. The simulations are given to show the superiority of our proposed method for the recognition and detection of radar micro targets in terahertz band.

  11. Comparison of different lateral acceleration autopilots for a surface-to-surface missile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo V. Ćuk


    Full Text Available This paper presents a comparison of three lateral acceleration autopilots for a surface-to-surface missile: three-loop conventional acceleration autopilot, and gamma-dot and three-loop acceleration autopilot based upon the inverse-dynamic control. The surface-to-surface missile motion is described by nonlinear differential equations whose parameters change rapidly over a very wide range due to variable velocity and altitude. The requirement for the accurate controlling of the missile in such an environment represents a challenge for the autopilot designer. The brief review of the calculation of the autopilot gains is given using the concept of the 'point' stability for the linear time-varying system with 'frozen' dynamic coefficients. The method of the inverse-dynamic control is presented in the next section for two types of the autopilots: gamma-dot and acceleration autopilot. Both of them require the design of the estimators for the variables used as inputs to the control law. Finally, six-degree-of-freedom simulation results of the missile response to the demanded command on the typical ballistic trajectory are presented. The comparison of three autopilots considers the steady state errors and the sensitivity of the response to the highly variable environment. It was shown that the inverse-dynamic control can be very effective in the controlling of the surface-to-surface missile.

  12. Integrated Guidance and Control of Homing Missiles Against Ground Fixed Targets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hou Mingzhe; Duan Guangren


    This paper presents a scheme of integrated guidance and autopilot design for homing missiles against ground fixed targets. An in- tegrated guidance and control model in the pitch plane is formulated and further changed into a normal form by nonlinear coordinate transformation. By adopting the sliding mode control approach, an adaptive nonlinear control law of the system is designed so that the missile can hit the target accurately with a desired impact attitude angle. The stability analysis of the closed-loop system is also con- ducted. The numerical simulation has confirmed the usefulness of the proposed design scheme.

  13. Guidance Law and Neural Control for Hypersonic Missile to Track Targets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenxing Fu


    Full Text Available Hypersonic technology plays an important role in prompt global strike. Because the flight dynamics of a hypersonic vehicle is nonlinear, uncertain, and highly coupled, the controller design is challenging, especially to design its guidance and control law during the attack of a maneuvering target. In this paper, the sliding mode control (SMC method is used to develop the guidance law from which the desired flight path angle is derived. With the desired information as control command, the adaptive neural control in discrete time is investigated ingeniously for the longitudinal dynamics of the hypersonic missile. The proposed guidance and control laws are validated by simulation of a hypersonic missile against a maneuvering target. It is demonstrated that the scheme has good robustness and high accuracy to attack a maneuvering target in the presence of external disturbance and missile model uncertainty.

  14. Autopilot Design Method for the Blended Missile Based on Model Predictive Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baoqing Yang


    Full Text Available This paper develops a novel autopilot design method for blended missiles with aerodynamic control surfaces and lateral jets. Firstly, the nonlinear model of blended missiles is reduced into a piecewise affine (PWA model according to the aerodynamics properties. Secondly, based on the equivalence between the PWA model and mixed logical dynamical (MLD model, the MLD model of blended missiles is proposed taking into account the on-off constraints of lateral pulse jets. Thirdly, a hybrid model predictive control (MPC method is employed to design autopilot. Finally, simulation results under different conditions are presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed method, which demonstrate that control allocation between aerodynamic control surfaces and lateral jets is realized by adjusting the weighting matrix in an index function.

  15. Missile captive carry monitoring using a capacitive MEMS accelerometer (United States)

    Hatchell, Brian; Mauss, Fred; Santiago-Rojas, Emiliano; Amaya, Ivan; Skorpik, Jim; Silvers, Kurt; Marotta, Steve


    Military missiles are exposed to many sources of mechanical vibration that can affect system reliability, safety, and mission effectiveness. One of the most significant exposures to vibration occurs when the missile is being carried by an aviation platform, which is a condition known as captive carry. If the duration of captive carry exposure could be recorded during the missile's service life, several advantages could be realized. Missiles that have been exposed to durations outside the design envelop could be flagged or screened for maintenance or inspection; lightly exposed missiles could be selected for critical mission applications; and missile allocation to missions could be based on prior use to avoid overuse. The U. S. Army Aviation and Missile Research Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) has been developing health monitoring systems to assess and improve reliability of missiles during storage and field exposures. Under the direction of AMRDEC staff, engineers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a Captive Carry Health Monitor (CCHM) for the HELLFIRE II missile. The CCHM is an embedded usage monitoring device installed on the outer skin of the HELLFIRE II missile to record the cumulative hours the host missile has been in captive carry mode and thereby assess the overall health of the missile. This paper provides an overview of the CCHM electrical and package design, describes field testing and data analysis techniques used to identify captive carry, and discusses the potential application of missile health and usage data for real-time reliability analysis and fleet management.

  16. FY 1978 Budget, FY 1979 Authorization Request and FY 1978-1982 Defense Programs, (United States)


    petroleum comes from external sources, and more than 33 percent of that total is imported from the Persian Gulf. We draw on tin from Malaysia , Thailand and...This system, supporting laser-guided, modular glide bombs or a forward- fired weapon such as the Maverick guided missile, will provide improved...program. An additional 900 Shrike antiradiation missiles are being procured for defense suppression tasks. Some 100 laser-guided Maverick ground attack

  17. Noise Parameters of CW Radar Sensors Used in Active Defense Systems



    Active defense represents an innovative way of protecting military vehicles. It is based on the employment of a set of radar sensors which detect an approaching threat missile and activate a suitable counter-measure. Since the radar sensors are supposed to detect flying missiles very fast and, at the same time, distinguish them from stationary or slow-moving objects, CW Doppler radar sensors can be employed with a benefit. The submitted article deals with a complex noise analysis of this type...

  18. Silencing ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase expression does not disrupt nitrogen allocation to defense after simulated herbivory in Nicotiana attenuata. (United States)

    Stanton, Mariana A; Ullmann-Zeunert, Lynn; Wielsch, Natalie; Bartram, Stefan; Svatoš, Aleš; Baldwin, Ian T; Groten, Karin


    Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/ oxygenase (RuBisCO) is the most abundant protein on the planet and in addition to its central role in photosynthesis it is thought to function as a nitrogen (N)-storage protein and a potential source of N for defense biosynthesis in plants. In a recent study in the wild tobacco Nicotiana attenuata, we showed that the decrease in absolute N invested in soluble proteins and RuBisCO elicited by simulated herbivory was much larger than the N-requirements of nicotine and phenolamide biosynthesis; (15)N flux studies revealed that N for defensive phenolamide synthesis originates from recently assimilated N rather than from RuBisCO turnover. Here we show that a transgenic line of N. attenuata silenced in the expression of RuBisCO (asRUB) invests similar or even larger amounts of N into phenolamide biosynthesis compared with wild type plants, consistent with our previous conclusion that recently assimilated N is channeled into phenolamide synthesis after elicitation. We suggest that the decrease in leaf proteins after simulated herbivory is a tolerance mechanism, rather than a consequence of N-demand for defense biosynthesis.

  19. Missile Captive Carry Monitoring using a Capacitive MEMS Accelerometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatchell, Brian K.; Mauss, Fredrick J.; Santiago-Rojas, Emiliano; Amaya, Ivan A.; Skorpik, James R.; Silvers, Kurt L.; Marotta, Steve


    Military missiles are exposed to many sources of mechanical vibration that can affect system reliability, safety, and mission effectiveness. One of the most significant exposures to vibration occurs when the missile is being carried by an aviation platform, which is a condition known as captive carry. If the duration of captive carry exposure could be recorded during the missile’s service life, several advantages could be realized. Missiles that have been exposed to durations outside the design envelop could be flagged or screened for maintenance or inspection; lightly exposed missiles could be selected for critical mission applications; and missile allocation to missions could be based on prior use to avoid overuse. The U. S. Army Aviation and Missile Research Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) has been developing health monitoring systems to assess and improve reliability of missiles during storage and field exposures. Under the direction of AMRDEC staff, engineers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a Captive Carry Health Monitor (CCHM) for the HELLFIRE II missile. The CCHM is an embedded usage monitoring device installed on the outer skin of the HELLFIRE II missile to record the cumulative hours the host missile has been in captive carry mode and thereby assess the overall health of the missile. This paper provides an overview of the CCHM electrical and package design, describes field testing and data analysis techniques used to identify captive carry, and discusses the potential application of missile health and usage data for real-time reliability analysis and fleet management.

  20. FY 1972-1976 Defense Program and the 1972 Defense Budget. (United States)


    Thai Government. This assessment was given me by Thai officials during my recent visit there. Insurgents along the Thai/ Malaysian border are under the...Development and Initial Procurement of Maverick Air-to-Ground Missile 31 87 Air Superiority and Air Defense Continued Procurement of F-4 Air Force Fighter... MAVERICK . The MAVERICK is another program that is of importance in providing increased capabilities for support of troops on the battlefield. MAVERICK is

  1. Comparison of head-steered and aircraft-fixed infrared imagery for employing the AGM-65 Maverick missile (United States)

    Osgood, Robert K.; Wells, Maxwell J.; Meador, Douglas P.


    Eight veteran USAF fighter pilots, experienced with AGM-65 Maverick air-to-ground missiles, flew a night, low-level ground attack mission in a flight simulator equipped with a helmet-mounted display (HMD). The mission was performed by delivering five Maverick missiles against ground vehicles using either an aircraft-fixed forward-looking infrared (FLIR) sensor image on a head-up display (HUD) or a head-steered FLIR as the missile aiming device. Additionally, the pilots employed their weapons by two methods: fixing and launching missiles singly or in varying numbers (multiple method). The purpose of the experiment was to determine what, if any, advantage there is to employing the AGM-65 using the HMD FLIR image to slew the missile seeker onto the target versus the conventional method of using the FLIR image displayed on the HUD. With a head-steered sensor (and fixing and launching weapons singly) subjects released their weapons quicker (14.6 second interval between launches vs. 17.1 sec.), at a higher altitude (1739 feet vs. 1603 ft.), and slightly farther from the target (3.42 nautical miles vs. 3.37 nm). Furthermore, data indicated the pilots looked farther off-boresight when searching for and locking the weapon onto a target, thereby more effectively using the full field-of-regard of the missile seeker. The participants also contributed their opinions of the advantages and disadvantages of the two mechanizations.

  2. Standard Missile-6 (SM-6) (United States)


    Cost Reporting U.S. - United States USD(AT&L) - Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition, Technology and Logistics ) SM-6 December 2015 SAR March 17...Description 6 Executive Summary 7 Threshold Breaches 8 Schedule 9 Performance 11 Track to Budget 12 Cost and Funding 13 Low...Rate Initial Production 20 Foreign Military Sales 21 Nuclear Costs 21 Unit Cost 22 Cost Variance 25 Contracts 28 Deliveries and

  3. The new politics of missile proliferation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karp, A. [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)


    The author addresses the most consequential proliferation battle of the 1990s which occurred in Washington over the interpretation of the long-term threat to the United States from ballistic missiles. In the early 1970s, the stabilization of the US-Soviet strategic relationship led to new disputes over the other side`s future intentions, seen most graphically in Western debates over the implications of the Soviet SS-18 and SS-20 missile programs. Today, in much the same way, proliferation politics has matured to the point that surprises are few and the most challenging problem is anticipating the more distant future. Washington`s ballistic missile proliferation battle was sparked by National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) 95-19, entitled {open_quotes}Emerging Threats to North America During the Next 15 Years,{close_quotes} released by the National Intelligence Council in November 1995. This document updated the evidence of regional missile programs reviewed in a similar report issued in 1993, and recapitulated the previous finding that {open_quotes}No country, other than the major declared nuclear powers, will develop or otherwise acquire a ballistic missile in the next 15 years that could threatened the contiguous 48 states or Canada.{close_quotes} The new report confirmed what several other studies of missile proliferation had already established: that besides the five nuclear-weapon states (the United States, Russia, China, France and Britain), only India, Israel and Japan are in a position to develop an ICBM during the foreseeable future, and while all have relevant capabilities, none are undertaking the steps necessary to develop an actual ICBM.

  4. An object-oriented simulation architecture for utilizing hardware-in-the-loop simulation within a many-on-many engagement scenario (United States)

    Brindley, Ryan; Mobley, Scott; Gareri, Jeffrey


    In the area of Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD), target engagements can traverse numerous intercept envelopes with each incorporating interceptor systems that utilize different hardware, software, and algorithmic implementations. In the area of BMD Hardware-in-the-Loop (HWIL) simulation, historical implementations have focused on the development of simulators which recreate a single "one-on-one" missile engagement, tied to a specific BMD operational envelope, with other, "many-on-many" digital simulation assets developed independently to explore various battle management and engagement coordination concepts. In developing the student-utilized Auburn University BMD HWIL simulation, a key requirement is to construct a single six-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) simulation software application which allows student investigation, development, and modeling of guidance, control, and mission planning concepts over the entire progression of BMD intercept envelopes. In addition, the application must also support real-time data path and control provisions required by the HWIL simulation. This paper first provides an approach for implementing a "many-on-many" BMD simulation, allowing concurrent, independent simulation of boost, midcourse, and terminal phase engagements which comprise an aggregate threat scenario. This approach incorporates an object oriented design philosophy, as well as specific features of the C++ programming language. Secondly the software architecture is expanded to achieve the time-critical performance necessary to operate the real-time HWIL simulator, as well to allow external communications with distributed HWIL simulation components.

  5. Current Trends in Tactical Missile Guidance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Vathsal


    Full Text Available The problem of tactical missile guidance is very challenging and has been treated using several basic metlfodologies in the past four decades. Major techniques can be grouped underclassical guidance laws, modern guidance laws, l'aws for manoeuvring targets, predictive guidance for endgame scenario, and guidance laws based on intelligent control methods. Each technique has some advantages and disadvantages while implementing in a practical system. Guidance law selection is dictated by nature of flight profile like boost, midcourse, terminal homing, etc, and also miss-distance and a single-shot kill probability. This paper presents a brief survey of the existing techniques and current trends in tactical missile guidance.

  6. Dynamic attack zone of air-to-air missile after being launched in random wind field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hui Yaoluo; Nan Ying; Chen Shaodong; Ding Quanxin; Wu Shengliang


    A new concept is presented for air-to-air missile which is dynamic attack zone after being launched in random wind field. This new concept can be used to obtain the 4-dimensional (4-D) information regarding the dynamic envelope of an air-to-air missile at any flight time aimed at different flight targets considering influences of random wind, in the situation of flight fighters coop-erated with missiles fighting against each other. Based on an air-to-air missile model, some typical cases of dynamic attack zone after being launched in random wind field were numerically simulated. Compared with the simulation results of traditional dynamic envelope, the properties of dynamic attack zone after being launched are as follows. The 4-D dynamic attack zone after being launched is inside traditional maximum dynamic envelope, but its forane boundary is usually not inside tra-ditional no-escape dynamic envelope;Traditional dynamic attack zone can just be reliably used at launch time, while dynamic envelope after being launched can be reliably and accurately used dur-ing any flight antagonism time. Traditional envelope is a special case of dynamic envelope after being launched when the dynamic envelope is calculated at the launch time;the dynamic envelope after being launched can be influenced by the random wind field.

  7. Air Force Major Defense Acquisition Program Cost Growth Is Driven by Three Space Programs and the F-35A: Fiscal Year 2013 President’s Budget Selected Acquisition Reports (United States)


    production FSD full-scale development FY fiscal year FYDP Future Years Defense Program GBS Global Broadcast System GLCM Ground Launched Cruise...Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) aircraft • Air-Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) • Ground-Launched Cruise Missile ( GLCM ) • AGM-65A/B


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available A Statistical report of 912 battle casualtiesadmitted in a special unit of the neurological surgery department during 49 months of the recent war was given. Methods of their evaluation, operative categories, management poli¬cies including techniques of Missile and bullet removal, and their complications were discussed.

  9. Cruise missiles should not stop START

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsipis, K.


    A method for verifying a cruise-missile agreement that would be acceptable to the military, industrial, and intelligence communities in both nations must be as unintrusive as possible, while remaining immune to cheating of any significance. This is the goal of the technical solutions outlined here. The elements of a verification regime described do not require routine, intrusive, on-site visits to naval vessels, aircraft, air bases, or weapons magazines where missiles may be stored. They do not interfere with the operational readiness of the missiles, and they protect legitimate military secrets of the inspected nation. If supported by competent national technical means of verification such as those both sides already employ, with a small number of on-site challenge inspections, a combination of technical solutions and procedures such as these could be effective. They would adequately safeguard the national security and sovereignty of the participating nations while providing policymakers with the option of a treaty that limits the number of long-range nuclear cruise missiles or eliminates them completely. As discussed, there are problems that remain to be addressed, but they should not be allowed to block a U.S.-Soviet agreement significantly reducing strategic nuclear arsenals.

  10. Minimum variation guidance laws for interceptor missiles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weiss, M.; Shima, T.


    This paper introduces a new approach to guidance law design using linear quadratic optimal control theory, minimizing throughout the engagement the variation of the control input as well as the integral control effort. The guidance law is derived for arbitrary order missile dynamics and target maneu

  11. Two Penetration Models Featuring Bomber Defense Missiles against an AWACS Air Defense. (United States)


    E’ 2Rdcm Etica = Etic d ( D x (25) Each bomber carries Ncmpb ALCMs, each of which pro- gresses through the corridor after launch at about the same...speed as the bomber. Therefore, the expected number of ALCMs in coverage during the ith bomber’s passage is Emic(i) E bic W PL Etica /Eticb (26) 79 where...that Pe = Pblv E1 + Pav EA’ (35) where Pblv = Pr(target is a bomber, given that AI is vectored) Eb (i) E bic (i) Epic (i) Ebic (+Ebic (i) mbP L Etica

  12. Origins of the Strategic Defense Initiative: Ballistic Missile Defense, 1944-1983 (United States)


    stories about various inventors who claimed to have developed "death rays" that could kill animals and people. One of the most famous was Nikola Testla...1 " Tesla , at 78, Bares New ’Death-Beam’," New York Times, 11 July 1934, p. 18. For other stories about death rays, see "Says He Sold ’Death Ray’: H

  13. Re-entry and simulation (United States)

    Jian, H.; Guangming, X.


    The physics of re-entry are discussed with emphasis on the re-entry trajectory of a ballistic missile. Factors discussed include re-entry speed, ablation, aerodynamic heating, and the plasma sheath shield. Experimental techniques used to simulate the aerodynamics and performance of missile systems include the computer, the wind tunnel, and free flight. Each of these is briefly discussed.

  14. 美国空射导弹拦截系统的作战应用分析%Analysis on Operational Applications of USA Air-launched Missile Interception System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋文静; 曹泽阳; 张晋; 刘永兰


    Air-launched missile interception system is an interception mean of USA missile defense systems.Its main operational missions are analyzed, including missile defense mission, hypersonic speed missile interception mission in the air,multi-orbital air-craft interception mission and other defense missions.Taking missile defense mission as an example, its operational process is ana-lyzed, thus key links of air-launched missile anti-missile /anti-satellite system are given.Combined with main operational missions and operational process, special influence factors of its operational effectiveness are parsed.Studying on problems of its operational application, is benefit to improve operational effectiveness of the weapon equipment.%空射导弹拦截系统是美国弹道导弹防御体系的拦截手段之一,文中首先分析了空射导弹拦截系统的主要作战任务,包括弹道导弹防御任务、高超声速导弹空中截击任务、跨轨道飞行器拦截任务和其他防御任务;然后,以弹道导弹防御任务为例,对其作战过程进行了分析,进而给出了空射导弹反导/反卫拦截系统作战的关键环节;最后,结合主要作战任务和作战过程,剖析了其作战效能的特殊影响因素. 研究其作战应用问题,有益于提升该武器装备的作战效能.

  15. Passive FOG IMU for short-range missile application: from qualification toward series production (United States)

    Trommer, Gert F.; Mueller, R.; Opitz, S.


    An inertial measurement unit (IMU) with angular rate, angular increment and linear acceleration measurement systems for short range missile application is described. It consists of a three axis fiber optic gyroscope (FOG) cluster, three linear vibrating beam accelerometers and an electronics device for signal evaluation and data transmission via a serial transputer link. The FOG cluster is realized by means of a passive all-fiber open loop configuration. Due to the inherent optical phase shift of 3 by 3 couplers, completely passive operation near the quadrature point is achieved without the need for a non- reciprocal optical phase modulation in the fiber loop. Basing on that concept more than 50 rugged IMUs have been built for implementation into a short range air to air missile. Verification tests for flight clearance with stresses simulating air carriage and missile free flight environments have been computed. The operation under extreme vibration and shock environments without the use of vibration isolator fixings due to very tight requirements on data time delay has been demonstrated. The first telemetered missile firings have been performed successfully. The line- setup for large quantity series production is progressing. The implementation of the workstations for the integration of the IMU is finished. The production equipment for calibration and acceptance testing of IMUs in parallel allowing for a rate of more than 150 unit per month has been installed and will be operational in autumn this year.

  16. Optical flow based guidance system design for semi-strapdown image homing guided missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Lan


    Full Text Available This paper focuses mainly on semi-strapdown image homing guided (SSIHG system design based on optical flow for a six-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF axial-symmetric skid-to-turn missile. Three optical flow algorithms suitable for large displacements are introduced and compared. The influence of different displacements on computational accuracy of the three algorithms is analyzed statistically. The total optical flow of the SSIHG missile is obtained using the Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT algorithm, which is the best among the three for large displacements. After removing the rotational optical flow caused by rotation of the gimbal and missile body from the total optical flow, the remaining translational optical flow is smoothed via Kalman filtering. The circular navigation guidance (CNG law with impact angle constraint is then obtained utilizing the smoothed translational optical flow and position of the target image. Simulations are carried out under both disturbed and undisturbed conditions, and results indicate the proposed guidance strategy for SSIHG missiles can result in a precise target hit with a desired impact angle without the need for the time-to-go parameter.

  17. Adaptive block dynamic surface control for integrated missile guidance and autopilot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hou Mingzhe; Liang Xiaoling; Duan Guangren


    A novel integrated guidance and autopilot design method is proposed for homing missiles based on the adaptive block dynamic surface control approach.The fully integrated guidance and autopilot model is established by combining the nonlinear missile dynamics with the nonlinear dynamics describing the pursuit situation of a missile and a target in the three-dimensional space.The integrated guidance and autopilot design problem is further converted to a state regulation problem of a time-varying nonlinear system with matched and unmatched uncertainties.A new and simple adaptive block dynamic surface control algorithm is proposed to address such a state regulation problem.The stability of the closed-loop system is proven based on the Lyapunov theory.The six degrees of freedom (6DOF) nonlinear numerical simulation results show that the proposed integrated guidance and autopilot algorithm can ensure the accuracy of target interception and the robust stability of the closed-loop system with respect to the uncertainties in the missile dynamics

  18. Network defense simulation test model based on hardware-in-the-loop%基于半实物的网络防御仿真测试模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕治国; 张明清; 唐俊; 孔红山


    Aiming at the deficiency of high cost and risk in testing network defense in real network, Hardware-in-the-loop simulation is introduced in network defense testing research, and a defense testing model is erected based on HITLS through analyzing of the elements of HITLS, and then two basic applications of model are given. The implementation technology of this model, and a method used to extend attacking simulation based on hardware-in-the-loop support are analyzed in detail by OPNET through creating custom packet-translation functions. At last, a HITLS experiment is given to prove the validity of this model. This model can make real attacking and defending behaviors run in simulation network, which maps the real node into the simulation network. The model can not only avoid building complex hardware experiment platform but also make the process of testing in security and control, even more it can improve the reliability of simulation.%针对在真实网络中对防御进行测试存在高成本高风险的不足,将半实物网络仿真方法引入防御测试研究中,分析了半实物网络仿真的原理,建立了一种基于半实物的网络防御仿真测试模型,给出了模型的两种基本应用.着重对网络防御半实物仿真测试的实现技术进行了分析,通过自定义包转换的方法来扩展OPNET所能支持的攻击的半实物仿真,最后通过仿真实验来验证了模型的有效性.该模型能够将实际节点映射到虚拟网络中,使防御测试中的实际攻防行为在虚拟网络中运行,从而既避免了建立复杂的真实测试平台,又使得测试过程安全可控,还提高了仿真测试结果的可信度.

  19. Planetary Defense From Space: Part 1-Keplerian Theory (United States)

    Maccone, Claudio

    A system of two space bases housing missiles is proposed to achieve the Planetary Defense of the Earth against dangerous asteroids and comets. We show that the layout of the Earth-Moon system with the five relevant Lagrangian (or libration) points in space leads naturally to only one, unmistakable location of these two space bases within the sphere of influence of the Earth. These locations are at the two Lagrangian points L1 (in between the Earth and the Moon) and L3 (in the direction opposite to the Moon from the Earth). We show that placing bases of missiles at L1 and L3 would cause those missiles to deflect the trajectory of asteroids by hitting them orthogonally to their impact trajectory toward the Earth, so as to maximize their deflection. We show that the confocal conics are the best class of trajectories fulfilling this orthogonal deflection requirement. An additional remark is that the theory developed in this paper is just a beginning of a larger set of future research work. In fact, while in this paper we only develop the Keplerian analytical theory of the Optimal Planetary Defense achievable from the Earth-Moon Lagrangian points L1 and L3, much more sophisticated analytical refinements would be needed to: Take into account many perturbation forces of all kinds acting on both the asteroids and missiles shot from L1 and L3; add more (non-optimal) trajectories of missiles shot from either the Lagrangian points L4 and L5 of the Earth-Moon system or from the surface of the Moon itself; encompass the full range of missiles currently available to the US (and possibly other countries) so as to really see "which asteroids could be diverted by which missiles", even in the very simplified scheme outlined here. Outlined for the first time in February 2002, our Confocal Planetary Defense concept is a Keplerian Theory that proved simple enough to catch the attention of scholars, representatives of the US Military and popular writers. These developments could

  20. The syntaxin 31-induced gene, LESION SIMULATING DISEASE1 (LSD1), functions in Glycine max defense to the root parasite Heterodera glycines. (United States)

    Pant, Shankar R; Krishnavajhala, Aparna; McNeece, Brant T; Lawrence, Gary W; Klink, Vincent P


    Experiments show the membrane fusion genes α soluble NSF attachment protein (α-SNAP) and syntaxin 31 (Gm-SYP38) contribute to the ability of Glycine max to defend itself from infection by the plant parasitic nematode Heterodera glycines. Accompanying their expression is the transcriptional activation of the defense genes ENHANCED DISEASE SUSCEPTIBILITY1 (EDS1) and NONEXPRESSOR OF PR1 (NPR1) that function in salicylic acid (SA) signaling. These results implicate the added involvement of the antiapoptotic, environmental response gene LESION SIMULATING DISEASE1 (LSD1) in defense. Roots engineered to overexpress the G. max defense genes Gm-α-SNAP, SYP38, EDS1, NPR1, BOTRYTIS INDUCED KINASE1 (BIK1) and xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase (XTH) in the susceptible genotype G. max[Williams 82/PI 518671] have induced Gm-LSD1 (Gm-LSD1-2) transcriptional activity. In reciprocal experiments, roots engineered to overexpress Gm-LSD1-2 in the susceptible genotype G. max[Williams 82/PI 518671] have induced levels of SYP38, EDS1, NPR1, BIK1 and XTH, but not α-SNAP prior to infection. In tests examining the role of Gm-LSD1-2 in defense, its overexpression results in ∼52 to 68% reduction in nematode parasitism. In contrast, RNA interference (RNAi) of Gm-LSD1-2 in the resistant genotype G. max[Peking/PI 548402] results in an 3.24-10.42 fold increased ability of H. glycines to parasitize. The results identify that Gm-LSD1-2 functions in the defense response of G. max to H. glycines parasitism. It is proposed that LSD1, as an antiapoptotic protein, may establish an environment whereby the protected, living plant cell could secrete materials in the vicinity of the parasitizing nematode to disarm it. After the targeted incapacitation of the nematode the parasitized cell succumbs to its targeted demise as the infected root region is becoming fortified.

  1. Parametric control systems design with applications in missile control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DUAN GuangRen; YU HaiHua; TAN Feng


    This paper considers parametric control of high-order descriptor linear systems via proportional plus derivative feedback.By employing general parametric solutions to a type of so-called high-order Sylvester matrix equations,complete parametric control approaches for high-order linear systems are presented.The proposed approaches give simple complete parametric expressions for the feedback gains and the closed-loop eigenvector matrices,and produce all the design degrees of freedom.Furthermore,Important special cases are particularly treated.Based on the proposed parametric design approaches,a parametric method for the gain-scheduling controller design of a linear time-varying system is proposed and the design of a BTT missile autopilot is carried out.The simulation results show that the method is superior to the traditional one in sense of either global stability or system performance.

  2. Ballistic Missile Warhead Recognition based on Micro-Doppler Frequency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Hui-Xia


    Full Text Available To elucidate the spinning-precession signatures of ballistic warhead, the model of spinning precessionfor ballistic missile warhead is established and the mathematics of micro-Doppler signatures caused by spinning-precession is derived. Then the micro-Doppler features are analysed using high-resolution time-frequencytransform, and the model predictions match the experimental data well. Based on  different mass of warheadsand decoys, the feature, which can reflect the mass of the targets, is extracted from the time-frequency plane,proving a new method for recognising warheads and discriminating these from decoys. Finally the validityof the feature extracted in this study is verified by computer simulations even with low signal-to-noise ratio.Defence Science Journal, 2008, 58(6, pp.705-709, DOI:

  3. Ballistic Missile Silo Door Monitoring Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This paper compares the cost and effectiveness of several potential options that may be used to monitor silo-based ballistic missiles. Silo door monitoring can be used to verify that warheads removed to deactivate or download silo-based ballistic missiles have not been replaced. A precedent for monitoring warhead replacement using reentry vehicle on site inspections (RV-OSIs) and using satellites has been established by START-I and START-II. However, other monitoring options have the potential to be less expensive and more effective. Three options are the most promising if high verification confidence is desired: random monitoring using door sensors; random monitoring using manned or unmanned aircraft; and continuous remote monitoring using unattended door sensors.

  4. Using NASTRAN to model missile inertia loads (United States)

    Marvin, R.; Porter, C.


    An important use of NASTRAN is in the area of structural loads analysis on weapon systems carried aboard aircraft. The program is used to predict bending moments and shears in missile bodies, when subjected to aircraft induced accelerations. The missile, launcher and aircraft wing are idealized, using rod and beam type elements for solution economy. Using the inertia relief capability of NASTRAN, the model is subjected to various acceleration combinations. It is found to be difficult to model the launcher sway braces and hooks which transmit compression only or tension only type forces respectively. A simple, iterative process was developed to overcome this modeling difficulty. A proposed code modification would help model compression or tension only contact type problems.

  5. The Joint Cruise Missiles Project: An Acquisition History (United States)


    his staff at the Air Force ALCM System Project Office. The authors are, of course , solely responsible for the accuracy and interpretation of the...meaning) Sea launched cruise missile (current meaning) SPOC System Project Officers Council SRAM Short range attack missile STCM Supersonic tactical...Council ( SPOC ), com- posed of the directors of the four major missile systems (consisting at that time of the GLCM, ship- and sub-launched SLCM, and the

  6. On the Dynamic Stability of a Missile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.C. Sharma


    Full Text Available The P-method given by Parks and Pritchard has been used to discuss the stability behaviour of a missile in free flight. General stability criteria for aerodynamic stabilisation have been obtained for slowly varying coefficients. The effect of pressure gradient on the stability of a coasting rocket has been explicitly examined. It is observed that the positive Magnus moment parameter ensures stability whereas a negative moment parameter would enhance the requirements of a larger stability margin.

  7. Sustainability Of The 21M Missile Maintainer (United States)


    considering alternative career field models for missile maintenance officers. Benefits can include discovering lessons learned and best practices to improve...entire ICBM community in mitigating today’s problems and securing the confidence of the service and public. Introduction Mission failure has...which are applied to an alternative ICBM career field model . The paper closes in offering conclusions and recommendations about improving the health

  8. The Evolution of the Cruise Missile (United States)


    device as a target in operations with the cartier Ranger in August, 1938. These and subqueat practice sessions revealed shockingly poor US Navy... market within a very short time." TIhe author speculated that the device could destroy an entire town as far as 100 miks away with no loss te the...downed 72.8 percent of the 125 missiles observed. Nevertheless, one flying bomb hit Smithfield Market on 8 March, causing 233 casualties.61 In all, the

  9. Toward a defense-dominated world

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wood, L.


    Maintaining the large-scale peace in a defense-dominated world necessarily will require not only passive but also active defenses against large-scale aggression that are technically feasible, practical and easy to employ -- and robust against perversion into support of aggression. Such peace maintenance tool-sets will feature means for effectively rebuking aggression as well as providing timely and very widely available seaming of aggression underway anywhere. This report discusses the technology base which currently exists to provide world-wide, high-quality imagery at moderate (5--10 meter) spatial resolution or imagery of 1% of the Earth`s land surface at high ({le} 1 meter) resolution no less frequently than daily, at a total cost of the order of $1 B, with operational capability in the later `90s. Such systems could provide timely warning of aggressive actions anywhere. Similarly, space-based means of defeating aggression conducted with even quite short-range ballistic missiles anywhere in the world could be brought into existence by the end of the `90s for a total cost of about $10 B, and small high-altitude, long flight-duration robotic aircraft carrying high-performance sensors and interceptor missilery could provide both seaming and active defenses against attacks conducted with very short range ballistic missiles, as well as attacks launched with air-breathing threats such as bombers and cruise missiles, for a cost per defended area of the order of $10/km{sup 2}. It appears that all of the associated sensors can find apt dual-use as high-performance systems for monitoring physical aspects of the human environment.

  10. Intelligent Design and Implementation of Missile Fire Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Chun-si; WANG Min-qing; LI Wei-hai; LIU Xi-zuo; JIN Liang-an


    Missile fire control system is the core of ship-based missile weapon system, whose safeguard levelhas direct relation with the attack ability of naval vessels. After a long period of deep investigation and research, it was found that, in one missile fire control system, there are such problems as single safeguard system, low ratio of cost to efficiency, etc. By adopting intelligent control techniques and many measures to multiple securities, the new type of assistant system is designed, some difficult problems are solved, such as fixed project channel and unitary means of missiles, which can make the equipment carry out combat mission reliably and continuously.

  11. Dynamic planning of navigation determinations of airspace and missile objects in an automated flight test control system (United States)

    Lovtsov, D. A.; Karpov, D. S.


    This study considers an approach to planning navigation determinations of airspace and missile objects in the course of preparing for and carrying out an active flight test in an automated flight test control system. The approach is based on special information and mathematical software. The performance indices of the navigation determination subsystem are studied. Results of simulated modeling are provided.

  12. Antifoam Degradation Products in Off Gas and Condensate of Sludge Batch 9 Simulant Nitric-Formic Flowsheet Testing for the Defense Waste Processing Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, T. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)


    Ten chemical processing cell (CPC) experiments were performed using simulant to evaluate Sludge Batch 9 for sludge-only and coupled processing using the nitric-formic flowsheet in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycles were performed on eight of the ten. The other two were SRAT cycles only. Samples of the condensate, sludge, and off gas were taken to monitor the chemistry of the CPC experiments. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has previously shown antifoam decomposes to form flammable organic products, (hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO), trimethylsilanol (TMS), and propanal), that are present in the vapor phase and condensate of the CPC vessels. To minimize antifoam degradation product formation, a new antifoam addition strategy was implemented at SRNL and DWPF to add antifoam undiluted.

  13. 印度导弹武器装备体系发展与前景分析%Analysis of Indian Missile Weapon System Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    随着国际安全环境的重大变化,印度加紧了其军事战略的调整和军队建设的步伐,大力发展导弹武器体系建设,对周边国家和地区形成了安全威胁.在分析印度军事战略的基础上,重点阐述印度弹道导弹、巡航导弹、防空导弹和导弹防御系统等武器装备体系的建设情况,并分析了其发展趋势和未来前景.%With the tremendous changes of the international security environment, India promotes the military strategy adjustment and the military construction, and pays great attention to the development of missile weapon system, threatening to the security of neighboring countries and regions. Beginning with the Indian military strategy, this paper describes the Indian weapon system construction in depth, such as the ballistic missile, cruise missile, air defense system and ballistic missile defense system .ete. Finally future development trend and prospect are analyzed.

  14. Nationwide Defense against Nuclear Weapons: Properties of Prim-Read Deployments (United States)


    targets has a lengthy and detailed history; work on it before 1971 is surveyed by Matlin in [11), and much general information is contained in the Air...Lambda Corporation. [10] Gorfinkel, M. (1963). "A Decision Theory Approach to Missile Defense. Operations Research 11, 199-209. [11] Matlin , S. (1970

  15. Patriot/Medium Extended Air Defense System Combined Aggregate Program (Patriot/MEADS CAP) (United States)


    FUE - First Unit Equipped IOT &E - Initial Operational Test and Evaluation Missile Milestones SAR Baseline Dev Est Current APB Development...Acquisition Management Information Retrieval Dev Est - Development Estimate DoD - Department of Defense DSN - Defense Switched Network Econ...Milestone c FUE IOT &E Start Complete Full Rate Production Deci... AcQuisition Increment 2 Milestone C Lightweight Launcher FUE IOT &E Start

  16. Trident II (D-5) Sea Launched Ballistic Missile UGM 133A (Trident II Missile) (United States)


    on quality training and unscheduled down time on the rocket motor precision drilling machine . Trident II Missile December 2015 SAR March 17, 2016...chocks, Third Stage (TS) dollies and TS Motor Supports and completion of machining and welding for Aerospike Protective Caps; 2) Early delivery of

  17. Common Ada Missile Packages. Phase 2. (CAMP-2). Volume 2. 11th Missile Demonstration (United States)


    bii t Ui< «i > i martial Sanaor Aaaaaibly 11th Miaaila Syatam Figure 1. 11th Missile Hardware Design TABLE 2. PROCESSORS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS...ualng Two Value Aretangant Coaputa Wander Ailauth Angle ualng Two Value Aretangant SUBTOTALS 132 14» 20 »003 North »olntlng HaTlgatlon » arta Coaputa

  18. Introduction of Women into Titan II Missile Operations. (United States)


    areas (weapons system orientation: mnaintenance management. electronics principles , and technical publications. facility systems and missile Sfstents...Management. Electronics Principles . Technical Publications 97.00 2.63 94.04 5.27 2.31 Facility Systems 92.25 4.61 93.2) 5.80 -.62 Missile Systems 96.67 2.90

  19. Aerodynamic performances of cruise missile flying above local terrain (United States)

    Ahmad, A.; Saad, M. R.; Che Idris, A.; Rahman, M. R. A.; Sujipto, S.


    Cruise missile can be classified as a smart bomb and also Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) due to its ability to move and manoeuvre by itself without a pilot. Cruise missile flies in constant velocity in cruising stage. Malaysia is one of the consumers of cruise missiles that are imported from other nations, which can have distinct geographic factors including their local terrains compared to Malaysia. Some of the aerodynamic performances of missile such as drag and lift coefficients can be affected by the local geographic conditions in Malaysia, which is different from the origin nation. Therefore, a detailed study must be done to get aerodynamic performance of cruise missiles that operate in Malaysia. The effect of aerodynamic angles such as angle of attack and side slip can be used to investigate the aerodynamic performances of cruise missile. Hence, subsonic wind tunnel testings were conducted to obtain the aerodynamic performances of the missile at various angle of attack and sideslip angles. Smoke visualization was also performed to visualize the behaviour of flow separation. The optimum angle of attack found was at α=21° and side slip, β=10° for optimum pitching and yawing motion of cruise missile.

  20. A Study on Missile Reentry Control Based on the Method of Feedback Linearization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yu-xi; ZHOU Jun; ZHOU Feng-qi


    In the process of missile large attack angle reentry, there exist nonlinear, strong coupling uncertainty and multiinput-multi-output (MIMO) in the movement equations, so the traditional small disturbance faces difficulties. For such situations, the method of feedback linearization is adopted to control the complex system, and the control method based on the fuzzy adaptive nonlinear dynamic inversion decoupling control of missile is proposed in the paper. According to the principle of time-scale separation, the system is separated into fast loop and slow loop, the method of dynamic inversion is applied to them, and the method of adaptive fuzzy approach is adopted to compensate for the uncertainty of the fast loop.The simulation results denote the control method in the paper has a better tracing characteristic and robustness.

  1. 3D-Route Planning Method to Realize Missile Cruise Flight

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zheng-jie; FAN Chen; ZHU Qun-Min; TANG Wei


    In order to increase the aircraft's survival in the flight mission, it is necessary to carry out flight mission planning, which includes TF/TA\\+2(terrain following/terrain avoidance/threat avoidance).An approach to 3D-route planning based on A* heuristic search algorithm was selected to determine the routes of fiber optic guidance missile's cruise segment.The cost function was discussed, which was mainly related to the physical obstacle, threat exposure, and aircraft performance characteristics.The digital map techniques were presented, which included setting "no-go" area according to fiber's safety requirement.The optimal or the sub-optimal route was obtained, while the cost function constraints were satisfied and the stored terrain obtained from a real terrain was digitized.The algorithm is validated through simulation and can fulfill the route planning task which focuses on the cruise segment of fiber optic guidance missile.

  2. Terrain-aided navigation of an unpowered tactical missile using autopilot-grade sensors (United States)

    Longenbaker, W. E.


    The feasibility of applying a terrain-aided navigation concept (Sandia Inertial Terrain-Aided Navigation, or SITAN) to an unpowered tactical missile (USAF GBU-15) is considered. The brief flight time and predictable missile flight path dynamics lead to the definition of a velocity-based strap-down navigation algorithm that uses the existing autopilot-grade sensors. The navigation states are corrected by means of the error estimates of a Kalman filter. The filter makes use of frequent radar altimeter measurements and terrain slope information (derived from an on-board digitized map) to provide essentially continuous position updating. Covariance analysis and Monte Carlo simulation techniques are then applied to predict system performance. Results are obtained showing that the accuracy of this weapon/guidance combination is sufficient to defeat airfields with area munitions.

  3. Using Fractional-order Piλ Dμ Controller for Control of Aerodynamic Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Bang-chu; ZHU Ji-hong; PAN Shu-shan; WANG Shao-feng


    A new type of PID controller is introduced and some properties are given. The novelty of the proposed controller consists in the extension of derivation and integration order from integer to non-integer order. The PIλDμ controller generally has three advantages when compared to the integerl-order controller: the first is that it has more degrees of freedom in the model; the second is that it has a memory in model, the memory insure the history and its impact to present and future, the third is it ensures the stability of missile. This approach provides a more flexible tuning strategy and therefore an easier achieving of control requirements. Flight dynamic model of an aerodynamic missile is taken into account in implementing the PIλDμ controller. Simulation results show that the PIλDμ controller is not sensitive to the changes of control parameters and the system parameters. Also, the controller has more flexible structure and stronger robustness.

  4. Backstepping design of missile guidance and control based on adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ran Maopeng; Wang Qing; Hou Delong; Dong Chaoyang


    This paper presents an integrated missile guidance and control law based on adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control. The integrated model is formulated as a block-strict-feedback nonlinear system, in which modeling errors, unmodeled nonlinearities, target maneuvers, etc. are viewed as unknown uncertainties. The adaptive nonlinear control law is designed based on backstepping and sliding mode control techniques. An adaptive fuzzy system is adopted to approximate the coupling nonlinear functions of the system, and for the uncertainties, we utilize an online-adaptive control law to estimate the unknown parameters. The stability analysis of the closed-loop system is also conducted. Simulation results show that, with the application of the adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control, small miss distances and smooth missile trajectories are achieved, and the system is robust against system uncertainties and external disturbances.

  5. In Defense of Simulating Complex and Tragic Historical Episodes: A Measured Response to the Outcry over a New England Slavery Simulation (United States)

    Wright-Maley, Cory


    A slavery simulation that took place as part of a field trip for students of a Hartford junior high academy led a father to file a human rights suit against the school district, and for one official to comment that simulations of complex and tragic human phenomena have "no place in an educational system." In light of these conclusions,…

  6. Influence of transverse reinforcement on perforation resistance of reinforced concrete slabs under hard missile impact

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orbovic, Nebojsa, E-mail:; Sagals, Genadijs; Blahoianu, Andrei


    This paper describes the work conducted by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) related to the influence of transverse reinforcement on perforation capacity of reinforced concrete (RC) slabs under “hard” missile impact (impact with negligible missile deformations). The paper presents the results of three tests on reinforced concrete slabs conducted at VTT Technical Research Centre (Finland), along with the numerical simulations as well as a discussion of the current code provisions related to impactive loading. Transverse reinforcement is widely used for improving the shear and punching strength of concrete structures. However, the effect of this reinforcement on the perforation resistance under localized missile impact is still unclear. The goal of this paper is to fill the gap in the current literature related to this topic. Based on similar tests designed by the authors with missile velocity below perforation velocity, it was expected that transverse reinforcement would improve the perforation resistance. Three slabs were tested under almost identical conditions with the only difference being the transverse reinforcement. One slab was designed without transverse reinforcement, the second one with the transverse reinforcement in form of conventional stirrups with hooks and the third one with the transverse reinforcement in form of T-headed bars. Although the transverse reinforcement reduced the overall damage of the slabs (the rear face scabbing), the conclusion from the tests is that the transverse reinforcement does not have important influence on perforation capacity of concrete slabs under rigid missile impact. The slab with T-headed bars presented a slight improvement compared to the baseline specimen without transverse reinforcement. The slab with conventional stirrups presented slightly lower perforation capacity (higher residual missile velocity) than the slab without transverse reinforcement. In conclusion, the performed tests show slightly

  7. Intelligent controllers for battlefield simulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrett, C.L.; Stroud, P.; Reidys, C. [and others


    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This project involved research in the area of warfighting simulation technology and methods. In the first year our emphasis was to produce a prototype repository for simulation software objects and simulation execution executives in the context of an integrated theater missile defense problem. This provided a necessary precursor to the detailed development. In the second year more detailed and complete environments. In the second year more detailed and complete development of composable simulation software was undertaken. An object description language was developed, an object composition architecture was developed and implemented, and a prototyping test bed was produced to assess the technical concepts and as a demonstration tool for programmatic activities. In the third and final year it became apparent that the representation of intelligent entities, specifically those that fulfill command and control functions in warfighting systems, was a challenging and serious technical shortcoming of all existing approaches to simulation of warfare. 10 refs.

  8. Software system requirements for the Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) End-To-End System using the Computer Aided Prototyping System (CAPS) multi-file approach


    Angrisani, David Stuart; Whitbeck, George Steven.


    The Department of Defense (DOD) is seeking software system requirements for the Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) End to End System, which comprises both ATACMS and all sensors, links, and command centers which enable integration across system and service boundaries. The complexity, multiple interfaces, and joint nature of planned ATACMS operations demands accurate specification of software system requirements. DOD also desires automated tools capable of developing rapid prototypes to ass...

  9. Missile Studies with a Biological Target (United States)


    Biology and Medicine of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission and to the Office of Civil Defense and Mobilization (formerly the Federal Civil Defense...None Ear. left, laceration severed a peripheral blood vessel. 4P3A 4 1 Shoulder, left, 14 mm deep to scapular spine with small "nick" fracture

  10. Evaluation of chloropentafluorobenzene as an intake simulant for chemical defense training. Final report, October 1991-October 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clewell, H.J.; Jarnot, B.M.


    For a number of years the U.S. Air Force has been performing research to develop safe intake simulants for chemical warfare agents (CWA) to provide accurate and quantitative real-time assessment of troop proficiency and gear efficacy during chemical warfare (CW) field exercises. Chloropentafluorobenzene (CPFB) was identified and evaluated as a candidate inhalation simulant, and was determined to possess desirable physiochemical and toxicological properties. These include rapid uptake, low metabolism and toxicity, rapid and predictable clearance, real-time detectability by existing portable 'breathalyzer' technology and by fielded CWA detectors, realistic canister breakthrough and commercial availability. A physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for CPEB has been developed which accurately describes the time course of blood and exhaled air concentrations during and following inhalation exposures of rats and primates to CPFB. This model has been employed to predict human exhaled air concentrations for several hours following brief CPFB exposures, such as might be experienced in training exercises using CPFB as an intake simulant. These simulants could be used to determine the exhaled air concentrations at which personnel would have been incapacitated had the exposure been to a real agent. The PBPK model was also used to calculate internal dose measures for a quantitative assessment of safe exposure criteria for the use of CPFB in such exercises. To assure the safety of personnel it is recommended that field exercises be designed to avoid exposures greater than 30 parts per million (ppm), with the daily (8 h) time-weighted average not to exceed 3 ppm. The exposure guideline should not impair use of CPFB since field analytical methods can measure CPFB.

  11. Design for Super-short-range Low-cost Intercept Missile of Active Protection System%超近程低成本主动防护系统拦截导弹设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李富贵; 夏群利; 郭龙昌


    针对末端近距防御的特殊需求,研究了低成本主动防护系统拦截导弹设计方法.分析了拦截导弹的总体设计方案,利用工程算法和CFD平台设计优化了拦截导弹的气动外形,研究了侧向喷流干扰并提出了抑制措施,提出了拦截导弹控制资源分配方案并设计了非线性控制策略.建立了六自由度拦截对抗模型,利用蒙特卡洛方法分析了设计方法的有效性和鲁棒性.研究结果表明,在简易制导条件下,采用轨控脉冲发动机非线性操纵方式可满足拦截导弹的总体需求.%To satisfy terminal short-distance defense requirement,design methods for low-cost intercept missile of active protection system were presented.The general scheme was analyzed,and project methods and CFD platform were used to design and optimize the airframe of missile.The disturbance of lateral jet was simulated and analyzed,and the restrained approach was derived.Then the control resources arrangement was presented,which was suited with nonlinear control measures.Six-DOF intercept model was established,and the validity and robustness of previous design method were tested by Monte-Carlo simulation.The result shows that under the conditions of simple guidance,utilizing divert pulse motor in a nonlinear way can satisfy the general requirements.

  12. Recent Advances in Antitank Guided Missile Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. R. Iyer


    Full Text Available The recent advances in tactical antitank guided missile (ATGM systems are discussed. The main driving factors for the technological advances towards realisation of third generation ATGM systems have been the more demanding operational needs of the user services and limitations of earlier generation ATGM systems. The tasks of system design, hardware realisation, integration, testing and qualification have become extremely challenging to meet these stringent operational requirements. The technologies required to be mobilised for meeting these operational requirements and performance envelope and satisfying the operational and logistics constraints are again very demanding. The high technology content and the high level of performance required out of the subsystems have led to the present generation missile systems. The evolution from the earlier generations to current systems has been briefly discussed. Imaging infrared (IIR and Millimetre wave (MMW guidance systems employed for achieving the fire and forget capability of the third generation ATGM are described with specific reference to progress achieved so far. Translating the mission requirements to preliminary system specifications is another area wherein an innovative approach only can lead to meet the multiple performance criteria. Performance growth profile and emerging trends in ATGM systems are also analysed.

  13. CT analysis of missile head injury

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Besenski, N. [Dept. of Radiology, Zagreb Univ. Hospital Rebro (Croatia); Jadro-Santel, D. [Dept. of Neuropathology, Zagreb Univ. Hospital Rebro (Croatia); Jelavic-Koic, F. [Dept. of Radiology, General Hospital Sveti Duh, Zagreb (Croatia); Pavic, D. [Dept. of Neuropathology, Zagreb Univ. Hospital Rebro (Croatia); Mikulic, D. [Zagreb School of Medicine (Croatia); Glavina, K. [Dept. of Radiology, Clinical Hospital, Osijek (Croatia); Maskovic, J. [Dept. of Radiology, Clinical Hospital, Split (Croatia)


    Between August 1991 and December 1992, CT was performed in 154 patients who had suffered missile head injury during the war in the Republic of Croatia. In 54% CT was performed 1-24 h after injury, and in 27% follow-up CT was also obtained. The wounds were penetrating, tangential or perforating (45%, 34% and 21%, respectively). Haemorrhage was the most frequent lesion in the brain (84%). Follow-up CT evolution of haemorrhage, oedema, cerebritis, abscess, secondary vascular lesions, necrosis, encephalomalacia and hydrocephalus. The most dynamic changes occurred 7-14 days after injury. In 14% of cases, deep cerebral lesions were found in the corpus callosum, septum pellucidum periventricular region and pons, although bone and shell fragments were in a different part of the brain parenchyma. Such lesions were found in penetrating injuries only. CT proved very useful for assessing the extent and type of lesions. Although different mechanisms of brain damage in missile head injury are known, here they are, to the best of our knowledge, shown for the first time by CT. (orig.)

  14. Modelling cavitating flow around underwater missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Petitpas


    Full Text Available The diffuse interface model of Saurel et al. (2008 is used for the computation of compressible cavitating flows around underwater missiles. Such systems use gas injection and natural cavitation to reduce drag effects. Consequently material interfaces appear separating liquid and gas. These interfaces may have a really complex dynamics such that only a few formulations are able to predict their evolution. Contrarily to front tracking or interface reconstruction method the interfaces are computed as diffused numerical zones, that are captured in a routinely manner, as is done usually with gas dynamics solvers for shocks and contact discontinuity. With the present approach, a single set of partial differential equations is solved everywhere, with a single numerical scheme. This leads to very efficient solvers. The algorithm derived in Saurel et al. (2009 is used to compute cavitation pockets around solid bodies. It is first validated against experiments done in cavitation tunnel at CNU. Then it is used to compute flows around high speed underwater systems (Shkval-like missile. Performance data are then computed showing method ability to predict forces acting on the system.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KANGGuo-hua; LIUJian-ye; ZHUYan-hua; XIONGZhi


    Considering the domestic single navigation system of the ballistic missile, a new filter method is presented. The method integrates the information of the strapdown star tracker (SST) attitude, the position and the velocity of a high speed GPS with a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) information into one filter, thus improving the precision of the attitude, the velocity, and the position. Finally, the GPS/SST/SINS simulation platfornt is designed. Simulation results demonstrate that the filter is robust and reliable, and the precision rises to the comparative level abroad.

  16. Gauging the Influence of Technology on Tactical Missiles of the Future(Short Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark L. Bundy


    Full Text Available Tactical missiles, carrying kinetic energy, high explosives, or multiple submunitions are an integral part of the current and future US Army weapons inventory. Naturally, the number of missiles that can be stowed on any mobile launch platform depends on the size of the missile. Advances in rocket propulsion efficiency and improvements in guidance systems may make it possible to reduce missile size without a proportionate decrease in effectiveness. A primitive I-DOF computer model is used here to show how advances in missile technology might allow smaller missiles in the future to carry out the mission of today's larger missiles. A scaled-down version of a typical current generation missile is taken as the next generation missile. Hypothetical improvements in this smaller missile are then chosen in four basic areas-propellant impulse, burn time, weight fraction, and aerodynamic drag.-with the effects on lethality reported in a nondimensional format.

  17. Innovation in Aerodynamic Design Features of Soviet Missiles (United States)

    Spearman, M. Leroy


    Wind tunnel investigations of some tactical and strategic missile systems developed by the former Soviet Union have been included in the basic missile research programs of the NACA/NASA. Studies of the Soviet missiles sometimes revealed innovative design features that resulted in unusual or unexpected aerodynamic characteristics. In some cases these characteristics have been such that the measured performance of the missile exceeds what might have been predicted. In other cases some unusual design features have been found that would alleviate what might otherwise have been a serious aerodynamic problem. In some designs, what has appeared to be a lack of refinement has proven to be a matter of expediency. It is a purpose of this paper to describe some examples of unusual design features of some Soviet missiles and to illustrate the effectiveness of the design features on the aerodynamic behavior of the missile. The paper draws on the experience of the author who for over 60 years was involved in the aerodynamic wind tunnel testing of aircraft and missiles with the NACA/NASA.

  18. A Low-Visibility Force Multiplier: Assessing China’s Cruise Missile Ambitions (United States)


    and ballistic missile force will be far less effective than its numbers would indicate. 18 Forensic data may not have been collected and analyzed for...and ballistic missiles; some has focused on Chinese efforts to develop an antiship ballistic missile that might tar- get U.S. aircraft carriers. One...electronically scanned array AIP air-independent propulsion ARM antiradiation missile ASAT antisatellite ASBM antiship ballistic missile ASCM antiship


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The applied problems of SINS/GPS integration navigation system existing in midcourse guidance of air-to-air missiles have been investigated recently. In comparison with those investigations existing in current publications, a new tightly coupled SINS/GPS integration navigation system for air-to-air missiles, based on the decorrelated pseudo-range approach, is presented in this paper. Because of high jamming and dynamic of air-to-air missiles, inertial velocity aiding GPS receiver is used to provide a more accurate, jam-resistant measurement for midcourse guidance systems. A tracking error estimator is designed to distinguish the correlation that existed between pseudo-range measurements and inertial information. It is found better to regard inertial velocity aiding errors as the noise of which statistical properties are unknown. So using mixed Kalman/minimax filtering theory, one can obtain the new tracking error estimator with simple and robust algorithm through constructing a composite filter consisting of two parts: Kalman filter for the noise of known statistics and minimax filter for the unknown. In order to ensure this simple estimator stability, a new method is proposed to choose its parameters, based on Khargonekars work. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the given method also ensures the proposed estimator optimality. All the work mentioned above is involved in the tightly coupled SINS/GPS integration midcourse system design in which a set of low-accuracy inertial components is shared by SINS and autopilot. Simulation results of a certain type of air-to-air missile are presented. Due to decorrelation by the tracking error estimator, only small white noise of pseudo-range measurements remains. So it is shown that application of the new midcourse guidance system results in better guidance accuracy, higher jam-resistance.

  20. Strapdown inertial systems applications for tactical missiles (stand-off missiles) (United States)



    Strapdown Inertial Systems (SDIS) are particularly well suited for tactical standoff missile applications. This certainty was made clear by several years of theoretical design work and trials. Initial theoretical work made wide use of parameters giving detailed definition of missile trajectories and motions as obtained from measurements made on weapon systems then in development or production. Sensors (principally gyroscopes) were laboratory tested. These preliminary design efforts led to selection of various technologies such as the laser gyro and the mechanical gyro, each being adapted to the weapon system in question. Share-out of functions between various equipment items was defined. Comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of these technologies shows that today the laser gyro is principally retained for high and medium range levels of precision, with the mechanical (spin-stabilized) gyro serving in the medium and low precision range. Since requirements are ever increasing in the fields of dynamic performance and robustness, it is here that most progress is expected.

  1. TOW Missile Pallet MIL-STD-1660 Tests (United States)


    0 DTICS ELECTE FEB 2 19941 FINAL REPORT C U ow AUGUST 1993 (V V Lfl3 NNE REPORT NO. 93-23 TOW MISSILE PALLET MIL- STD -1660 TESTS Prepared for...TITLE gOnakde Secwir Casaftedon) TOW Missile Pallet MIL- STD -1660 Tests 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Jason B. Solberg 13s. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED...and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to test the TOW missile pallet. This report contains the procedures, results, and recommendations from the MIL- STD

  2. Research on ballistic missile laser SIMU error propagation mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Shihui; Xiao Longxu


    It is necessary that the laser inertial system is used to further improve the fire accuracy and quick reaction capability in the ballistic missile strapdown inertial navigation system. According to the guidance con-trolling method and the output and error model of ballistic missile laser SIMU, the mathematical model of error propagation mechanism is set up and any transfer environmental function of error coefficient that affects the fire accuracy is deduced. Also, the missile longitudinal/lateral impact point is calculated using MATLAB. These estab-lish the technical foundation for further researching the dispersion characteristics of impact point and reducing the laser guidance error.

  3. Missile antenna pattern coordinate system and data formats (United States)


    Antenna performance data pertains to missile, space, and aerodynamic vehicles' transmitting or receiving antennas used with range data collection, missile trajectory measurements, impact predictions, communications, or flight termination systems. As used in this document, the terms missile space vehicle, airborne, and aerodynamic vehicle are synonymous. This standard is intended to cover antennas for telemetry, pulsed radar beacons, continuous wave (CW) transponders, communication transmitters and receivers, command control/flight termination, receivers/decoders, pseudo random noise (PRN) ranging systems, and the Global Positioning System.

  4. Aerodynamic heating of ballistic missile including the effects of gravity

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S N Maitra


    The aerodynamic heating of a ballistic missile due to only convection is analysed taking into consideration the effects of gravity. The amount of heat transferred to the wetted area and to the nose region has been separately determined, unlike A Miele's treatise without consideration of gravity. The peak heating ratesto the wetted area and to the nose of the missile are also investigated. Finally four numerical examples are cited to estimate the errors, in heat transfers and heating ratesto both wetted area and nose region of the missile, arising out of neglecting the gravitational forces.

  5. Numerical Investigation on Aerodynamic Characteristics of the Square Cross-section Missile Configuration%方形截面导弹气动特性数值研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李剑; 李斌; 敬代勇


    文中为了研究方形截面导弹的气动特性,设计了舵面位于平面和舵面位于直角两种布局形式方形截面导弹,并通过CFD数值模拟方法分析比较了方形截面导弹和圆形截面导弹的气动特性。分析结果表明,方形截面导弹相比圆形截面导弹具有较大的法向力和横、侧向气动力,其中舵面位于平面布局与舵面位于直角布局的方形截面导弹相比较其横、侧向气动力要小一些。%In order to investigate aerodynamic characteristics of square cross-section missile, square cross-section missile with fin plane and, and then the aerodynamic characteristics of square and circular cross-section missile through CFD numerical simulation. The result in-dicates that the square cross-section missile can generate more normal force and lateral force and moment than the circular cross-section missile, and the square cross-section missile with fin plane can generate less lateral force and moment than the square cross-section missile with fin.

  6. Three-time rapid transfer alignment method of SINS/GPS navigation system of high-speed marine missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Si; DENG Zheng-long; SU Ling-feng


    The transfer alignment of SINS/GPS navigation system of a high-speed marine missile was investiga-ted. With the help of the big acceleration of a high-speed missile, the transfer alignment was changed into a three-time alignment. The azimuth alignment was coarsely finished in 10s in the first time alignment, the hori-zontal alignment was accurately and rapidly finished in the second time alignment, and the azimuth alignment was accurately finished in the third time alignment. Because the second time alignment and the third time align-ment were finished by GPS after the missile was launched, the horizontal alignment and the second azimuth a-lignment got rid of the influence of the warship body flexibility deforming. The precision and rapidity of the hori-zontal alignment were prominently increased due to the vertical launch of the marine missile with the big accel-eration. Simulation verifies the effectiveness of the proposed alignment method.

  7. 弹载共形遥测天线的设计%Design of conformal telemetry antenna on missiles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周旭冉; 高宝建; 伍捍东; 任宇辉


    In this paper, a microstrip antenna on missiles is proposed. The antenna is conformal with the curved surface of missile, and the convex height of radome is less than 8 mm. This proposal will not have any influence on both dynamic characteristics of the missile body and mechanical strength of the airframe. The antenna can obtain the high gain of 8.4dBi, its simulation pattern is almost consistent with the measured pattern results, and the antenna has the stable radiation characteristics in operating frequency range. Therefore it is very suitable to be fuze, telemetry antennas on missiles.%设计了一种弹载微带天线,该天线与弹体曲面共形,加上天线罩所凸出的曲面高度不超过8 mm,不仅不影响弹体的动力学特性,而且也不损伤弹体的机械强度.该天线具有较高的增益(8.4 dBi),仿真方向图与实测方向图吻合良好,且在整个工作频段内辐射特性稳定,非常适合作为弹载引信、遥测天线.

  8. Simulated herbivory in chickpea causes rapid changes in defense pathways and hormonal transcription networks of JA/ethylene/GA/auxin within minutes of wounding. (United States)

    Pandey, Saurabh Prakash; Srivastava, Shruti; Goel, Ridhi; Lakhwani, Deepika; Singh, Priya; Asif, Mehar Hasan; Sane, Aniruddha P


    Chickpea (C. arietinum L.) is an important pulse crop in Asian and African countries that suffers significant yield losses due to attacks by insects like H. armigera. To obtain insights into early responses of chickpea to insect attack, a transcriptomic analysis of chickpea leaves just 20 minutes after simulated herbivory was performed, using oral secretions of H. armigera coupled with mechanical wounding. Expression profiles revealed differential regulation of 8.4% of the total leaf transcriptome with 1334 genes up-regulated and 501 down-regulated upon wounding at log2-fold change (|FC| ≤ -1 and ≥1) and FDR value ≤ 0.05. In silico analysis showed the activation of defenses through up-regulation of genes of the phenylpropanoid pathway, pathogenesis, oxidases and CYTP450 besides differential regulation of kinases, phosphatases and transcription factors of the WRKY, MYB, ERFs, bZIP families. A substantial change in the regulation of hormonal networks was observed with up-regulation of JA and ethylene pathways and suppression of growth associated hormone pathways like GA and auxin within 20 minutes of wounding. Secondary qPCR comparison of selected genes showed that oral secretions often increased differential expression relative to mechanical damage alone. The studies provide new insights into early wound responses in chickpea.

  9. The North Korean Ballistic Missile Program (United States)


    Future Preemptive Strikes against North Korea ,” The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, Vol. 18, No. 4, Winter 2006, pp. 95-121. 194. Joseph S...University of California, San Diego; and Korea University. He also served as a Korean linguist in the United States Air Force. His publications have...appeared in Asian Perspective, Astropolitics, The Journal of East Asian Studies, The Korea Journal of Defense Analysis, The KNDU Review, The

  10. Nutrient supply and simulated herbivory differentially influence the content and the potential effectiveness of glucosinolate-based defense system in brassica species (United States)

    • Environmental stresses often result in upregulation of defense metabolism in plants. However, the dynamics of nitrogen-containing defense compounds that could be remobilized for maintenance-metabolism is less predictable under stress. Even less known is the impact of nutrient deficiency on the eff...

  11. The Study of Tactical Missile's Airframe Digital Optimization Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Zhiqing; QIAN Airong; LI Xuefeng; GAO Lin; LEI Jian


    Digital design and optimal are very important in modern design. The traditional design methods and procedure are not fit for the modern missile weapons research and development. Digital design methods and optimal ideas were employed to deal with this problem. The disadvantages of the traditional missile's airframe design procedure and the advantages of the digital design methods were discussed. A new concept of design process reengineering (DPR) was put forward. An integrated missile airframe digital design platform and the digital design procedure, which integrated the optimization ideas and methods, were developed. Case study showed that the design platform and the design procedure could improve the efficiency and quality of missile's airframe design, and get the more reasonable and optimal results.

  12. Vortex development on slender missiles at supersonic speeds (United States)

    Allen, J. M.; Dillenius, M. F. E.


    A theoretical and experimental effort has been made to develop a vortex-prediction capability on circular and noncircular missiles at supersonic speeds. Predicted vortex patterns are computed by two linear-theory computer codes. One calculates the strengths and initial locations of the vortices, and the other calculates their trajectories. A short color motion picture has been produced from the calculations to illustrate the predicted vortex patterns on a typical missile. Experimental vapor-screen photographs are presented to show the longitudinal development of the vortices on a fin-control missile. Comparisons are made between these data and the predicted vortices to assess the accuracy of the theory. The theory appears to be fairly accurate in predicting the number, locations, and relative strengths of individual vortices which develop over the missile, but cannot predict vortex sheets or diffuse vorticity whenever they occur.

  13. Revolution in military affairs, missile defence and weapons in space ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Revolution in military affairs, missile defence and weapons in space: the US ... 1991 Gulf War that captured the imagination of military planners and policy makers, ... Firstly, very few countries have the financial and technological capability to ...

  14. Analysis and improvement of missile three-loop autopilots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Defu; Fan Junfang; Qi Zaikang; Mou Yu


    characteristics from a two-loop autopilot with PI compensator.Both the two-loop and three-loop topologies can stabilize a static unstable missile.However,the finite actuator resource is the crucial factor dominating autopilot function.

  15. Design and Manufacturing Process for a Ballistic Missile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaharia Sebastian Marian


    Full Text Available Designing a ballistic missile flight depends on the mission and the stress to which the missile is subject. Missile’s requests are determined by: the organization of components; flight regime type, engine configuration and aerodynamic performance of the rocket flight. In this paper has been developed a ballistic missile with a smooth fuselage type, 10 control surfaces, 8 directional surfaces for cornering execution, 2 for maneuvers of execution to change the angle of incidence and 4 stabilizers direction. Through the technology of gluing and clamping of the shell and the use of titanium components, mass of ballistic missile presented a significant decrease in weight and a structure with high strength.

  16. Density Models for Velocity Analysis of Jet Impinged CEDM Missile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jo, Won Ho; Kang, Tae Kyo; Cho, Yeon Ho; Chang, Sang Gyoon; Lee, Dae Hee [KEPCO EnC, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)


    A control element drive mechanism (CEDM) can be a potential missile in the reactor head area during one of the postulated accidents. The CEDM is propelled by the high speed water jet discharged from a broken upper head nozzle. The jet expansion models to predict the missile velocity have been investigated by Kang et al. The previous work of Kang et al. showed a continuous increase in missile velocity as the CEDM missile travels. But it is not natural in that two phase flow from the nozzle break exit tends to disperse and the thrust force on the missile decreases along the distance of the travel. The jet flow also interacts with the air surrounding itself. Therefore, the density change has to be included in the estimation of the missile velocity. In this paper, two density change models of the water jet are introduced for the jet expansion models along with the distance from the nozzle break location. The first one is the direct approximation model. Two density approximation models are introduced to predict the CEDM missile velocity. For each model, the effects of the expanded jet area were included as the area ratio to the exit nozzle area. In direct approximation model, the results have showed rapid decrease in both density and missile velocity. In pressure approach model, the density change is assumed perfectly proportional to the pressure change, and the results showed relatively smooth change in both density and missile velocity comparing to the direct approximation model. Using the model developed by Kang et al.., the maximum missile velocity is about 4 times greater comparing to the pressure approach model since the density is constant as the jet density at the nozzle exit in their model. Pressure approach model has benefits in that this model adopted neither curve fitting nor extrapolation unlike the direct approximation model, and included the effects of density change which are not considered in the model developed by Kang et al. So, this model is

  17. Application of Computer Graphics to Performance Studies of Missile Warheads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Rama Rao


    Full Text Available Intercept geometry of target aircraft and missiles play an important role in determining the effectiveness of the warhead. Factors such as fragment spatial distribution profile, damage capabilities, target and missile characteristics have been considered and visualised through computer graphics and optimum intercept intercept angles have been arrived. Computer graphics has proved to be an important tool to enhance perception and conceptual design capabilities in the design environment.

  18. Patriot Advanced Capability-3 Missile Segment Enhancement (PAC-3 MSE) (United States)


    sustainment reliability will exceed 20 hours MTBCMF. Will be demonstrated during Post Deployment Build -8 and Radar Digital Processor- Configuration...Technology and Logistics) PAC-3 MSE December 2015 SAR March 21, 2016 09:42:58 UNCLASSIFIED 4 COL John M. Eggert Lower Tier Project Office Building 5250...PAC-3 MSE) is a high velocity, hit-to-kill, surface -to-air missile capable of intercepting and destroying Tactical Ballistic Missiles (TBM) and air

  19. Politics and Procurement: The Clast Between Local Interest and Strategic Imperative in U.S. Defense Acquisition (United States)


    of the House of Representatives are authorized no more than 18 permanent staff members whose salary is paid utilizing the Members’ Representational ...Dwight Eisenhower set aside $137 million for the Nike- Zeus missile system. And John Kennedy, on the advice of Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara

  20. Detecting Simulation of Trajectory of Tactical Ballistic Missile Using Space-Based Early Warning Satellite%天基预警卫星弹道预报能力仿真分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾番; 李晓军; 李国宏; 冯卉


    Space-based early warning satellites can forecast the errors of ballistic position and velocity which is the important component of guidance information and directly influence search performance of long-range early warning radar and tracking and guiding radar.According to give information about the Line-of-Sight (LOS) angular errors of the satellites and their ballistic target empirical data,ballistic prediction error estimation modeland compute prediction error bands is designed.The simulations show that horizontal and vertical plane prediction error bands of viewing satellites can be obtained by analyzing observation errors covariance for ideal trajectory target.%天基预警卫星对导弹位置和速度的预测误差是引导信息中的重要组成部分,直接影响到远程预警雷达和跟踪制导雷达的搜索性能.根据天基预警卫星视线角误差和导弹目标经验数据,设计导弹预报误差估计模型,计算预报误差带半径.仿真结果表明:通过对理想弹道目标进行观测误差协方差分析,可以获得预警卫星观测的水平及垂直平面预测误差带.

  1. Method of Designing Missile Controller Based on Multi-Objective Optimization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Bo; MENG Xiu-yun; LIU Zao-zhen


    A method of designing robust controller based on genetic algorithm is presented in order to overcome the drawback of manual modification and trial in designing the control system of missile. Specification functions which reflect the dynamic performance in time domain and robustness in frequency domain are presented,then dynamic/static performance, control cost and robust stability are incorporated into a multi-objective optimization problem. Genetic algorithm is used to solve the problem and achieve the optimal controller directly.Simulation results show that the controller provides a good stability and offers a good dynamic performance in a large flight envelope. The results also validate the effectiveness of the method.

  2. Boost-Phase ballistic missile trajectory estimation with ground based radar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang Yuyan; Huang Peikang


    A conditional boost-phase trajectory estimation method based on ballistic missile (BM) information database and classification is developed to estimate and predict boos-phase BM trajectory. The main uncertain factors to describe BM dynamics equation are reduced to the control law of trajectory pitch angle in boost-phase. After the BM mass at the beginning of estimation, the BM attack angle and the modification of engine thrust denoting BM acceleration are modeled reasonably, the boost-phase BM trajectory estimation with ground based radar is well realized. The validity of this estimation method is testified by computer simulation with a typical example.

  3. Computational Comparison of the Interaction of a Lateral Jet on a Supersonic Generic Missile


    Gnemmi, Patrick; Adeli, Reza; Longo, José Maria


    The paper deals with the comparison of computations made at DLR and ISL on the interaction between a lateral jet issuing from a generic missile body and the oncoming supersonic cross-flow. Steady-state numerical simulations are carried out by 3D, viscous, turbulent, Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes Codes; at DLR, a hybrid mesh is used for the TAU calculation, whereas at ISL a hexahedral mesh is used for the CFX computation. Experimental data acquired in the DLR wind tunnel TMK in Cologne act a...

  4. Remote control canard missile with a free-rolling tail brake torque system (United States)

    Blair, A. B., Jr.


    An experimental wind-tunnel investigation has been conducted at supersonic Mach numbers to determine the static aerodynamic characteristics of a cruciform canard-controlled missile with fixed and free-rolling tail-fin afterbodies. Mechanical coupling effects of the free-rolling tail afterbody were investigated using an electronic/electromagnetic brake system that provides arbitrary tail-fin brake torques with continuous measurements of tail-to-mainframe torque and tail-roll rate. Results are summarized to show the effects of fixed and free-rolling tail-fin afterbodies that include simulated measured bearing friction torques on the longitudinal and lateral-directional aerodynamic characteristics.

  5. The expectation of applying IR guidance in medium range air-to-air missiles (United States)

    Li, Lijuan; Liu, Ke


    IR guidance has been widely used in near range dogfight air-to-air missiles while radar guidance is dominant in medium and long range air-to-air missiles. With the development of stealth airplanes and advanced electronic countermeasures, radar missiles have met with great challenges. In this article, the advantages and potential problems of applying IR guidance in medium range air-to-air missiles are analyzed. Approaches are put forward to solve the key technologies including depressing aerodynamic heating, increasing missiles' sensitivity and acquiring target after launch. IR medium range air-to-air missiles are predicted to play important role in modern battle field.

  6. 临近空间高超声速巡航导弹拦截问题研究%Researching Interception of Near-Space Hypersonic Cruise Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙磊; 黄可西; 常晓飞; 闫杰


    临近空间高超声速巡航导弹已逐渐进入武器化进程,对现有空间防御体系提出了严峻挑战。首先通过分析高超声速巡航导弹的典型飞行弹道,指出其巡航段是最为有效的拦截阶段,并提出空射拦截是一种主要拦截方式。其次,为了研究制导律和相关总体参数对拦截弹的拦截能力的影响,基于拦截问题搭建数学模型,并通过大规模系统的拦截弹与目标对抗飞行轨迹仿真,获取拦截弹在不同条件下的立体攻击区域。仿真计算结果表明,为实现对目标的有效拦截,拦截弹的立体攻击区应位于目标的近正迎头空域;在当前的仿真条件下,经典比例制导律无法完成对机动目标的拦截任务;论文得出的拦截范围和相关结论对于拦截弹总体设计具有一定的指导意义。%Near⁃space hypersonic cruise missile has gradually entered the weaponization process, which presents a challenge to existing space defense system. Firstly, we analyze a typical trajectory of hypersonic cruise missile; we point out that its cruise segment is the phase most vulnerable to being intercepted and propose that the air⁃launched interceptor is a major means for performing interception. Secondly, in order to study the influence of the guidance law and the overall relevant parameters on the intercept capability of interceptor, we build a mathematical model based on interception. And by a large⁃scale system flight path simulation of the interceptor flying against target, we obtain the three⁃dimensional attack area of interceptor under different conditions. The simulation results and their a⁃nalysis show preliminarily that, in order to intercept the target effectively, the dimensional attack zone should be lo⁃cated near the target right head airspace. Under current simulation conditions, classic proportional guidance law can not complete the task of intercepting maneuvering target. The

  7. Roll-pitch-yaw autopilot design for nonlinear time-varying missile using partial state observer based global fast terminal sliding mode control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ahmed Awad; Wang Haoping


    The acceleration autopilot design for skid-to-turn (STT) missile faces a great challenge owing to coupling effect among planes, variation of missile velocity and its parameters, inexistence of a complete state vector, and nonlinear aerodynamics. Moreover, the autopilot should be designed for the entire flight envelope where fast variations exist. In this paper, a design of inte-grated roll-pitch-yaw autopilot based on global fast terminal sliding mode control (GFTSMC) with a partial state nonlinear observer (PSNLO) for STT nonlinear time-varying missile model, is employed to address these issues. GFTSMC with a novel sliding surface is proposed to nullify the integral error and the singularity problem without application of the sign function. The pro-posed autopilot consisting of two-loop structure, controls STT maneuver and stabilizes the rolling with a PSNLO in order to estimate the immeasurable states as an output while its inputs are missile measurable states and control signals. The missile model considers the velocity variation, gravity effect and parameters’ variation. Furthermore, the environmental conditions’ dynamics are mod-eled. PSNLO stability and the closed loop system stability are studied. Finally, numerical simula-tion is established to evaluate the proposed autopilot performance and to compare it with existing approaches in the literature.

  8. Roll-pitch-yaw autopilot design for nonlinear time-varying missile using partial state observer based global fast terminal sliding mode control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awad Ahmed


    Full Text Available The acceleration autopilot design for skid-to-turn (STT missile faces a great challenge owing to coupling effect among planes, variation of missile velocity and its parameters, inexistence of a complete state vector, and nonlinear aerodynamics. Moreover, the autopilot should be designed for the entire flight envelope where fast variations exist. In this paper, a design of integrated roll-pitch-yaw autopilot based on global fast terminal sliding mode control (GFTSMC with a partial state nonlinear observer (PSNLO for STT nonlinear time-varying missile model, is employed to address these issues. GFTSMC with a novel sliding surface is proposed to nullify the integral error and the singularity problem without application of the sign function. The proposed autopilot consisting of two-loop structure, controls STT maneuver and stabilizes the rolling with a PSNLO in order to estimate the immeasurable states as an output while its inputs are missile measurable states and control signals. The missile model considers the velocity variation, gravity effect and parameters’ variation. Furthermore, the environmental conditions’ dynamics are modeled. PSNLO stability and the closed loop system stability are studied. Finally, numerical simulation is established to evaluate the proposed autopilot performance and to compare it with existing approaches in the literature.

  9. Antioxidative defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanović Jelka


    Full Text Available Free radicals occur constantly during metabolism and take part in numerous physiological processes, such as: intra-cellular and inter-cellular signalization, gene expression, removal of damaged or senescent cells, and control of the tone of blood vessels. However, there is an increased quantity of free radicals in situations of so-called oxidative stress, when they cause serious damage to cellular membranes (peroxidation of their lipids, damage of membrane proteins, and similar, to interior cellular protein molecules, as well as DNA molecules and carbohydrates. This is precisely why the organism has developed numerous mechanisms for removing free radicals and/or preventing their production. Some of these are enzyme-related and include superoxide-dismutase, catalase, glutathione-peroxidase, and others. Other, non-enzyme mechanisms, imply antioxidative activities of vitamins E and C, provitamin A, coenzyme Q, reduced glutation, and others. Since free radicals can leave the cell that has produced them and become dispersed throughout the body, in addition to antioxidative defense that functions within cellular structures, antioxidant extra-cellular defense has also been developed. This is comprised by: transferrin, lactoferrin, haptoglobin, hemopexin, ceruloplasmin, albumins, extra-cellular isoform SOD, extracellular glutathione-peroxidase, glucose, bilirubin, urates, and many other molecules.

  10. 国外舰载防空反导火控系统发展现状%Study on Overseas Development Conditions of Shipboard Aerial Defence Anti-Missile Fire System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金云; 王孟军


    论述了国外舰载火控系统的发展状况,介绍了各国防空反导系统中防空导弹、火炮、弹、炮、箭相结合的防御方式及新概念武器发展现状及其特点分析,指出未来防空反导任务中,需在火控技术上采用新的机理(如多传感器信息融合、对机动目标滤波处理、火控解算等),火力配置上采用分层防御,各种武器系统协同作战,实现对来袭导弹有效拦截。%The paper discusses the development conditions of overseas shipboard weapon system, introduces aerial defence missile,gun,missile-gun,missile-rocket integrated defense mode and new concept weapon development status and characteristics analysis. Finally,it is necessary to study new fire control theory(multiple sensors information fusion,maneuvering targets filtering,fire control computation) in the future aerial defence anti-missile task,adopted layered defence mode for fire configuration,all kinds of weapon combination fight. It is available to hold up missile.


    prepared concurrently with this report are available from the Defense Documentation Center, and the respective titles are ’Composite Thermal...on the particle distribution, time-temperature- cristobalite behavior and physical properties of pure fused silica, and fabrication of SCFS radome

  12. Cooled and uncooled infrared detectors for missile seekers (United States)

    Fraenkel, Rami; Haski, Jacob; Mizrahi, Udi; Shkedy, Lior; Shtrichman, Itay; Pinsky, Ephi


    Electro-optical missile seekers pose exceptional requirements for infrared (IR) detectors. These requirements include: very short mission readiness (time-to-image), one-time and relatively short mission duration, extreme ambient conditions, high sensitivity, fast frame rate, and in some cases small size and cost. SCD is engaged in the development and production of IR detectors for missile seeker applications for many years. 0D, 1D and 2D InSb focal plane arrays (FPAs) are packaged in specially designed fast cool-down Dewars and integrated with Joule-Thomson (JT) coolers. These cooled MWIR detectors were integrated in numerous seekers of various missile types, for short and long range applications, and are combat proven. New technologies for the MWIR, such as epi-InSb and XBn-InAsSb, enable faster cool-down time and higher sensitivity for the next generation seekers. The uncooled micro-bolometer technology for IR detectors has advanced significantly over the last decade, and high resolution - high sensitivity FPAs are now available for different applications. Their much smaller size and cost with regard to the cooled detectors makes these uncooled LWIR detectors natural candidates for short and mid-range missile seekers. In this work we will present SCD's cooled and uncooled solutions for advanced electro-optical missile seekers.

  13. Missile launch detection electric field perturbation experiment. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kane, R.J.; Rynne, T.M.


    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and SARA Inc. participated in the ATMD missile launch activities that occurred at WSMR during January 1993. LLNL and SARA deployed sensors for monitoring of basic phenomena. An attempt was made to measure perturbations of the earth geo-potential during the launch of a Lance missile. The occurrence of the perturbation is expected from the conducting body of the missile and the exhaust plume. A set of voltage-probe antennas were used to monitor the local electric field perturbation from the launch at ranges of approximately 1 km. Examination of the data acquired during the launch period failed to show identifiable correlation of the field variations with the launch event. Three reasons are ascribed to this lack of event data: (1) The electric field potential variations have a limited spatial correlation length - the fields measured in one region have little correlation to measurements made at distances of a kilometer away. The potential variations are related to localized atmospheric disturbances and are generally unpredictable. A value for the spatial correlation length is also not known. (2) The conductivity of the plume and missile body are not adequate to produce a field perturbation of adequate magnitude. Phenomena related to the exhaust plume and missile may exist and be outside of the collection range of the equipment employed for these measurements. (3) The presence of 60 Hz power line noise was of sufficient magnitude to irreversibly contaminate measurements.

  14. Accelerating Missile Threat Engagement Simulations Using Personal Computer Graphics Cards (United States)


    personal computer on the market today, have reached a level of power and programmability that enables them to be used as high performance stream...expected to continue at this rate for another five years, perhaps achieving tera-FLOP performance by 2005 [Mac03]. While the main, market -driven...JEFFERS // 11 nov 04 -- multiplies 1x1 scene by 8x8 reticle pallette, then does // 4:1 redux; results in RT that is quarter sized of

  15. 76 FR 63541 - Design-Basis Hurricane and Hurricane Missiles for Nuclear Power Plants (United States)


    ...-2010-0288] Design-Basis Hurricane and Hurricane Missiles for Nuclear Power Plants AGENCY: Nuclear... Hurricane Missiles for Nuclear Power Plants.'' This regulatory guide provides licensees and applicants with... hurricane and design-basis hurricane-generated missiles that a nuclear power plant should be designed...

  16. High performance infrared fast cooled detectors for missile applications (United States)

    Reibel, Yann; Espuno, Laurent; Taalat, Rachid; Sultan, Ahmad; Cassaigne, Pierre; Matallah, Noura


    SOFRADIR was selected in the late 90's for the production of 320×256 MW detectors for major European missile programs. This experience has established our company as a key player in the field of missile programs. SOFRADIR has since developed a vast portfolio of lightweight, compact and high performance JT-based solutions for missiles. ALTAN is a 384x288 Mid Wave infrared detector with 15μm pixel pitch, and is offered in a miniature ultra-fast Joule- Thomson cooled Dewar. Since Sofradir offers both Indium Antimonide (InSb) and Mercury Cadmium Telluride technologies (MCT), we are able to deliver the detectors best suited to customers' needs. In this paper we are discussing different figures of merit for very compact and innovative JT-cooled detectors and are highlighting the challenges for infrared detection technologies.

  17. Flexible missile autopilot design studies with PC-MATLAB/386 (United States)

    Ruth, Michael J.


    Development of a responsive, high-bandwidth missile autopilot for airframes which have structural modes of unusually low frequency presents a challenging design task. Such systems are viable candidates for modern, state-space control design methods. The PC-MATLAB interactive software package provides an environment well-suited to the development of candidate linear control laws for flexible missile autopilots. The strengths of MATLAB include: (1) exceptionally high speed (MATLAB's version for 80386-based PC's offers benchmarks approaching minicomputer and mainframe performance); (2) ability to handle large design models of several hundred degrees of freedom, if necessary; and (3) broad extensibility through user-defined functions. To characterize MATLAB capabilities, a simplified design example is presented. This involves interactive definition of an observer-based state-space compensator for a flexible missile autopilot design task. MATLAB capabilities and limitations, in the context of this design task, are then summarized.

  18. Missile Base Deployments: Impact on Military Children (United States)


    your basic journal publishing charges (to include costs for tables and black and white photos). We cannot pay for reprints. If you are 59 MDW staff...SG5 O&M); SG5 R&D; Tri-Service Nursing Research Program (TSNRP); Defense Medical Research & Development Program (DMRDP); NIH; Congressionally Directed...later than 30 days before final clearance Is required to publish/present your materials. If you have any questions or concerns. please contact the 59

  19. Evaluation of Impact Force of Missile Filled with Fluid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hyuk-Kee [Hyundai, Yongin (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seung-Eock [Sejong University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)


    In this paper, the effect of the fluid on the impact force was evaluated using the commercial software LS-DYNA. In order to verify the proposed finite element (FE) models, the impact force and impulse of the missiles filled with the fluid (wet missile) were investigated, and the analysis results were compared with the force plate tests conducted by VTT laboratory in Finland. A parametric study was performed to evaluate the impulse as per the position filled with the fluid and the impact velocity. The impulses of the wet missiles obtained from the parametric study were compared with those calculated by the modified Riera function. The effect of the fluid on the impact force was evaluated in this study. Based on this study, the following conclusions have been obtained: (1) The impulse/momentum ratios of the wet missiles filled with fluid in the front part were larger than those filled with fluid in the middle part. The difference was 5.5%, 5.3%, 6.2%, 3.8%, 2.9% and 1.0% for the impact velocities of 100 m/s, 110 m/s, 120 m/s, 130 m/s, 140 m/s, and 150 m/s, respectively. (2) The impulse/momentum ratios of the wet missiles by the FE analysis was larger than those by the modified Riera function up to 23.1% and 20.8%, respectively, when the fluid was filled in the front and middle parts. The modified Riera function underestimated the impulses of the wet missiles.

  20. Terrain Contour Matching (TERCOM): A Cruise Missile Guidance Aid (United States)

    Golden, Joe P.


    The Cruise Missile is guided by an inertial guidance system aided by an updating technique called Terrain Contour Matching (TERCOM). Chance-Vought first proposed the terrain correlation technique in the late 1950's. Since that time TERCOM has evolved into a reliable, accurate, all weather, day and night method of position fixing and updating for cruise missiles. A brief history of TERCOM development will be presented giving results where possible. A description of TERCOM and how is works will be discussed. A snapshot of the present TERCOM status and future planned developments will be addressed.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DaiLongcheng; XuanYimin


    Anew method in system design of ejecting devices of missiles is first presented.Some important points are dis-cussed,which guid the research and development of new ejecting devices of missileg,amd provid the foundation flr thw design of mew ejecting device is provided.The system design includes the distribution of techmology specifica-tion,3-D solid modeling of ejecting devices of missiles im-ported from abroad,the design of pmeumatic device sys-tem,the design of ejecting mechanism system,the predic-tion of reliability and the experimental analysis,etc.

  2. Heat Transfer Between a Missile's Combustion Chamber and the Warhead

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵永涛; 张奇; 白春华; 闫华


    Under higher temperatures the charge within a warhead will be subjected to physical and chemical changes, which will influence the security of the warhead launching process. In this paper the problem is studied adopting finite difference method for the case of a rocket-powered missile. Temperature distribution tables are given through quadrature experiments, and the results fit the actual measured values very well. The results also show that to ensure the launching security of rocket-powered missiles having warhead charge critical temperature close to about 60 ℃, the designer can select appropriate heat insulation structural parameters.

  3. Consolidation of data base for Army generalized missile model (United States)

    Klenke, D. J.; Hemsch, M. J.


    Data from plume interaction tests, nose mounted canard configuration tests, and high angle of attack tests on the Army Generalized Missile model are consolidated in a computer program which makes them readily accessible for plotting, listing, and evaluation. The program is written in FORTRAN and will run on an ordinary minicomputer. It has the capability of retrieving any coefficient from the existing DATAMAN tapes and displaying it in tabular or plotted form. Comparisons of data taken in several wind tunnels and of data with the predictions of Program MISSILE2 are also presented.

  4. Fires, A Joint Professonal Bulletin for US Field and Air Defense Artillerymen, May-June 2007 (United States)


    Range in New Mexico . A PAC-2 cannister is in the foreground. Patriot is a high- to medium-altitude air defense system designed to intercept tactical...THAAD at PMRF since the equipment was moved from White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), New Mexico , in Oc- tober 2006. For the first time, Soldiers of...briefing the BCT leadership, including video and storyboards from GMLRS unitary engagements in OIF and OEF. In time, the platoon leader proved the

  5. Pricing Strategy, Pricing Stability and Financial Condition in the Defense Aerospace Industry


    Johnstone, Jeffrey Carl; Keavney, Patrick Daniel


    Approved for public release, distribution unlimited The purpose of this research is to determine if pricing strategy and pricing stability for products in the defense aerospace industry can be predicted based on a firm's financial condition. The sample for this research includes 17 contractors and 52 missile and aircraft programs. Two separate issues are addressed. The first issue concerns the relationship between financial condition and contractor pricing strategy. The second concerns the...

  6. Science and Technology in Development Environments - Findings and Observations for the Missile Defense Agency from Commercial Industry and Defense Programs (United States)


    Rachel Dubin , Gerald Epstein, Forrest Frank, Donald Goldstein, Bradley Hartfield, Ivars Gutmanis, Yevgeny Macheret, Jack Nunn, and Richard White...nation, engagement planning, threat engagement, and kill assessment. The notice called for concepts in radar systems, lasers, and electro -optical

  7. Sliding mode control for an aerodynamic missile based on backstepping design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenjin GU; Hongchao ZHAO; Changpeng PAN


    In order to solve the mismatched uncertainties of a class of nonlinear systems,a control method of sliding mode control (SMC) based on the backstepping design is proposed.It introduces SMC in to the last step of backstepping design to modify the backstepping algorithm.This combination not only enables the generalization of the backstepping design to be applied to more general nonlinear systems,but also makes the SMC method become effective in solving the mismatched uncertainties.The SMC based on the backstepping design is applied to the flight control system design of an aerodynamic missile.The control system is researched through simulation.The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed control method.

  8. The Control of Asymmetric Rolling Missiles Based on Improved Trajectory Linearization Control Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huadong Sun


    Full Text Available According to motion characteristic of an asymmetric rolling missile with damage fin, a three-channel controlled model is established. The controller which is used to realize non-linear tracking and decoupling control of the roll and angle motion is introduced based on an improved trajector y linearization control method. The improved method is composed of the classic trajectory linearization control method and a compensation control law. The classic trajectory linearization control method is implemented in the time-scale separation principle. The Lipschitz non-linear state observer systematically obtained by solving the linear matrix inequality approach is provided to estimate state variables and unknown parameters, and then the compensation control law utilizing the estimated unknown parameters improves the TLC method. Simulation experiments show that the adaptive decoupling control ensure tracking performance, and the robustness and accuracy of missile attitude control are ensured under the condition of the system parameters uncertainty, random observation noise and external disturbance caused by damage fin.

  9. Optimization of three-loop missile autopilot gain under crossover frequency constraint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M.A. ABD-ELATIF; Long-jun QIAN; Yu-ming BO


    The open-loop crossover frequency is pointed as an important parameter for practical autopilot design. Since different gain designs may achieve the same open-loop crossover frequency, it should be neither considered as a performance objective of the optimal autopilot design-schemes nor neglected. Besides, the main assignment of the autopilot is to drive the missile to track the acceleration commands, so the autopilot gain design should be evaluated directly according to the resultant tracking performance. For this purpose, an optimal design methodology of the three-loop missile autopilot is introduced based on constraint optimization technique, where the tracking performance is established analytically as the design objective and the open-loop crossover frequency is formed as inequality constraint function, both are manipulated in terms of stable characteristic parameters of the autopilot closed-loop. The proposed technique is implemented with the assistance of a numerical optimization algorithm which automatically adjusts the design parameters. Finally, numerical simulation results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed approach compared with that in some references.

  10. Adaptive critic autopilot design of bank-to-turn missiles using fuzzy basis function networks. (United States)

    Lin, Chuan-Kai


    A new adaptive critic autopilot design for bank-to-turn missiles is presented. In this paper, the architecture of adaptive critic learning scheme contains a fuzzy-basis-function-network based associative search element (ASE), which is employed to approximate nonlinear and complex functions of bank-to-turn missiles, and an adaptive critic element (ACE) generating the reinforcement signal to tune the associative search element. In the design of the adaptive critic autopilot, the control law receives signals from a fixed gain controller, an ASE and an adaptive robust element, which can eliminate approximation errors and disturbances. Traditional adaptive critic reinforcement learning is the problem faced by an agent that must learn behavior through trial-and-error interactions with a dynamic environment, however, the proposed tuning algorithm can significantly shorten the learning time by online tuning all parameters of fuzzy basis functions and weights of ASE and ACE. Moreover, the weight updating law derived from the Lyapunov stability theory is capable of guaranteeing both tracking performance and stability. Computer simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive critic autopilot.

  11. Extended nonlinear chirp scaling algorithm for highly squinted missile-borne synthetic aperture radar with diving acceleration (United States)

    Liu, Rengli; Wang, Yanfei


    An extended nonlinear chirp scaling (NLCS) algorithm is proposed to process data of highly squinted, high-resolution, missile-borne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) diving with a constant acceleration. Due to the complex diving movement, the traditional signal model and focusing algorithm are no longer suited for missile-borne SAR signal processing. Therefore, an accurate range equation is presented, named as the equivalent hyperbolic range model (EHRM), which is more accurate and concise compared with the conventional fourth-order polynomial range equation. Based on the EHRM, a two-dimensional point target reference spectrum is derived, and an extended NLCS algorithm for missile-borne SAR image formation is developed. In the algorithm, a linear range walk correction is used to significantly remove the range-azimuth cross coupling, and an azimuth NLCS processing is adopted to solve the azimuth space variant focusing problem. Moreover, the operations of the proposed algorithm are carried out without any interpolation, thus having small computational loads. Finally, the simulation results and real-data processing results validate the proposed focusing algorithm.

  12. The Joint Cruise Missiles Project: An Acquisition History--Appendixes (United States)


    21 TERCOM and Terrain Following Operation.......................22 DMA/JCMPO Organizational Interactions...50 MRASM (AGM-1091) Test Program................................52 Cruise Missile TERCOM and Survivability Flight package TEL Transporter erector launcher T&E Test and evaluation TEMP Test and evaluation master plan TERCOM Terrain contour matching UFC Unit

  13. CMC occasional papers : a missile stability regime for South Asia.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khan, Feroz Hassan (Pakistan Army, Islamabad, Pakistan); Vannoni, Michael Geoffrey; Rajen, Gaurav (Gaia Research Consulting, Albuquerque, NM)


    India and Pakistan have created sizeable ballistic missile forces and are continuing to develop and enlarge them. These forces can be both stabilizing (e.g., providing a survivable force for deterrence) and destabilizing (e.g., creating strategic asymmetries). Missile forces will be a factor in bilateral relations for the foreseeable future, so restraint is necessary to curtail their destabilizing effects. Such restraint, however, must develop within an atmosphere of low trust. This report presents a set of political and operational options, both unilateral and bilateral, that decreases tensions, helps rebuild the bilateral relationship, and prepares the ground for future steps in structural arms control. Significant steps, which build on precedents and do not require extensive cooperation, are possible despite strained relations. The approach is made up of three distinct phases: (1) tension reduction measures, (2) confidence building measures, and (3) arms control agreements. The goal of the first phase is to initiate unilateral steps that are substantive and decrease tensions, establish missiles as a security topic for bilateral discussion, and set precedents for limited bilateral cooperation. The second phase would build confidence by expanding current bilateral security agreements, formalizing bilateral understandings, and beginning discussion of monitoring procedures. The third phase could include bilateral agreements limiting some characteristics of national missile forces including the cooperative incorporation of monitoring and verification.

  14. 22 CFR 121.16 - Missile Technology Control Regime Annex. (United States)


    ... missile systems, see § 121.1, Cat. VIII (a), target drones and reconnaissance drones (see § 121.1, Cat... (see § 121.1, Cat. IV(h)); (b) Reentry vehicles (see § 121.1, Cat. IV(g)), and equipment designed or modified therefor, as follows, except as provided in Note (1) below for those designed for...

  15. Controlling The Spread of Land-Attack Cruise Missiles. (United States)


    Debate in the ’New’ European Community," Arms Control Today 23, no. 2 (March 1993): 12. 38 Controlling the Spread of Land-Attack Cruise Missiles...of temperature, pressures or atmosphere in autoclaves or hydro- claves when used for the production of composites or partially processed composites

  16. A robust approach to the missile defence location problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bloemen, A.A.F.; Evers, L.; Barros, A.I.; Monsuur, H.; Wagelmans, A.P.M.


    This paper proposes a model for determining a robust defence strategy against ballistic missile threat. Our approach takes into account a variety of possible future scenarios and different forms of robustness criteria, including the well-known absolute robustness criterion. We consider two problem

  17. White Sands Missile Range 2011 Drinking Water Quality Report (United States)


    acerca de su agua potable . Haga que alguien lo traduzca para usted, o hable con alguien que lo entienda. Main Post White Sands Missile Range 2011...standards. What is This Water Quality Report? Este informe contiene informacion importante acerca de su agua potable . Haga que alguien lo traduzca

  18. Shipborne Laser Beam Weapon System for Defence against Cruise Missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.P. Dudeja


    Full Text Available Sea-skim~ing cruise missiles pose the greatest threat to a surface ship in the present-day war scenario. The convenitional close-in-weapon-systems (CIWSs are becoming less reliable against these new challenges requiring extremely fast reaction time. Naval Forces see a high energy laser as a feasible andjeffective directed energy weapon against sea-skimming antiship cruise missiles becauseof its .ability to deliver destructive energy at the speed of light on to a distant target. The paper comparesthe technology and capability of deuterium fluoride (DF and chemical-oxygen-iodine laser (COIL in effectively performing the role of a shipborne CIWS altainst sea-skimming missiles. Out of these twolasers, it is argued that DF laser wo.uld be more effective a,s a shipborne weapon for defence against sea-skimmin,g cruise missiles. Besides the high energy laser as the primary (killing laser, othersub-systems required in the complete weapon system would be: A beacon laser to sense phase distor'ions in the primary laser, adaptive optics to compensate the atmospheric distortions, beam-directing optics, illuminating lasers, IRST sensors, surveillance and tracking radars, interfacing system, etc.

  19. A Prototype Fibre Optic Gyroscope for Missile Guidance Applications, (United States)

    This paper describes the design of a prototype fibre optic gyro, which is intended for missile guidance applications. Important design constraints...beam-splitter. Serrodyne phase ramps are impressed on the light propagating round the fibre optic sensor coil connected to the integrated optics chip

  20. Genetic Algorithms, Neural Networks, and Time Effectiveness Algorithm Based Air Combat Intelligence Simulation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾宪钊; 成冀; 安欣; 方礼明


    This paper introduces a new Air Combat Intelligence Simulation System (ACISS) in a 32 versus 32 air combat, describes three methods: Genetic Algorithms (GA) in the multi-targeting decision and Evading Missile Rule Base learning, Neural Networks (NN) in the maneuvering decision, and Time Effectiveness Algorithm (TEA) in the adjudicating an air combat and the evaluating evading missile effectiveness.

  1. Job Language Performance Requirements for MOS 16P. Short Range Air Defense Artillery Missile Crewman. (United States)


    resuscitation causes obstruction certain pause checking pinched -ieck pliable ,;nest position children procedure - circulation pulse clear ratio clothing...dtfcnse surface sandbags, operational exposue guidan tall grass shielding radiometer tend standard reading woods super user vehicle S -Sr (: e i,0 Vi .- w...M-40 packed ir fixed - instruction sheet pairs of fragment spray insulation tape plug functioning kill zone groove of the sight lead of an enemy

  2. Air and Missile Defense Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (AMD IPB) (United States)


    dissemination of tactical warning; and mission assignment, targeting data, and post- strike assessment to the appropriate joint AMD element. For each...destroy or disrupt the aerial platforms or the TBMs before their launch. Attack operations can be preemptive or reactive as part of counter air...strategic attack, interdiction, fire support, maneuver, antisubmarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, strike warfare, amphibious, or special operations

  3. Optimizing Logistics Support for Ballistic Missile Defense Ships in Sixth Fleet (United States)


    commercial shipper (e.g., FedEx, DHL , UPS). In most cases, the material is shipped via one of the Navy’s logistics hubs—in Rota, Naples, Sigonella...Systems Support (WSS) determined that PUK parts should be placed on every BMD ship, regardless of deployment status. As a result, a custom -made...derived the average transit time and customer wait time for ships to receive CAT 3 and 4 CASREP materials related to ship systems at a specific port

  4. Electronic Attack and Sensor Fusion Techniques for Boost-phase Defense Against Multiple Ballistic Threat Missiles (United States)


    ferrite, iron, and cobalt -nickel alloys, are used to alter the permeability of the materials. High dielectric materials, such as carbon, graphite...chaff cloud can be found from [19] c kW f σ = (2.2.7) where 217000 m -GHz/lbk = for aluminized glass chaff, which has a density of 2550 3kg m

  5. The State of Integrated Air and Missile Defense Held in Laurel, Maryland on July 14, 2011 (United States)


    Capability and Capacity plan is bridge to answer COCOM demand • E-2D is game changer for Naval Aviation • Three more years of F/A-18 buys required in without the Internet – Our Millennials expect it – Our Millennials will use it to innovate and evolve cyber warfare – DoD users make 1 billion

  6. Science and Technology Issues of Early Intercept Ballistic Missile Defense Feasibility (United States)


    regional BM D system, the task Io ree ..:oncluded that the Earl y Intercept concept is not a pa11icularly usefitl organizing principal. llul more...BILL DELANEY MR. STEVE POST MR. NEIL DOAR MR. RICHARD RITTER COL LAURENCE DOBROT DR. BRAD ROBERTS MR. ERIC FORREST MR. KEVIN ROBINSON MS

  7. Missile Defensive Systems and the Civil Reserve Air Fleet (Maxwell Paper, Number 45) (United States)


    Illinois: Pope AFB, North Carolina; Little Rock AFB, Arkansas; and Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona. Colonel Downing entered the Air Force as a distinguished...electronic warfare officer in the EC-130 and instructor/flight examiner navigator in the C-130. He holds the master of military arts and sciences in...Kosovo SA-7 (r) Kurdistan Workers Party Turkey SA-7 (c), Stinger (c) Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Sri Lanka SA-7 (r), SA-14 (r), HN-5 (c) Oromo

  8. A Systems Approach to Finding Cost-Effective Alternatives to European Ballistic Missile Defense (United States)


    questions as guidance to further research and the cohort’s interpretation of the problem. Once detailed stakeholder information was compiled, the cohort...anticipated needs of stakeholders and identifying the most prominent threat focuses the research efforts. To identify any functional gaps the analysis...Ships, Aegis Ashore, PAC-3, STK, BMD, AN/TPY-2, THAAD, LCC, Boost, Midcourse , Terminal, Shahab, Sejil, Turkey 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 191 16. PRICE

  9. BMD Agents: An Agent-Based Framework to Model Ballistic Missile Defense Strategies (United States)


    process of launching, canceling and holding fire as three decimal values in the interval [0,1] referred to as Dl , Dc and Dh. Capability: Capability is...Eiter, F. Ozcan, and R. Ross. Heterogeneous Agent Systems. MIT Press, June 2000. [13] D. B. Weller, D. C. Boger , and J. B. Michael. Command structure

  10. The P3 Power Generation System for Advanced Missile Defense Applications (United States)


    Kansal, J. Hsu, J. Friedman, and M. B. Srivastava, "Design Considerations for Solar Energy Harvesting Wireless Embedded Systems", IEEE...Generator", Proceedings of the Materials Research Society, Perovskite Materials, vol. 718, pp. D10.25.l-7 (2002) A.L. Olson, L.M. Eakins, B.W. Olson, D.F...system in which the P3 system is a bottoming cycle for a mid to high temperature fuel cell will be developed. This option will require a total of two

  11. Russian Policies on Strategic Missile Defense and Nuclear Arms Control: A Realist Interpretation (United States)


    principles of the indivisibility of Allied security and solidarity .”78 Russia consistently seeks to undercut these principles. “Divide and rule” is...2014, 221 “SIPRI Military Expenditure Database ,” Stockholm International Peace Research...National Security Strategy to 2020.” Russian Analytical Digest, no.62 (June 18, 2009). “SIPRI Military Expenditure Database .” Stockholm International

  12. Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) Program: Background and Issues for Congress (United States)


    system for adjusting its course. In contrast to the Block IA and 1B versions, which have a 21-inch-diameter booster stage at the bottom but are...the service is considering flying fewer tests to save money. “They’re looking at ways to consolidate life-fire tests to save some bucks ,” says Jim...entire booster stack. The SM-3 Block IB offers more capability against a greater threat set because of improvements in the kinetic warhead (KW). These

  13. Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System (JLENS) Land-Based Testing Sites (United States)


    halophytic (plants adapted to living in a saline environment) habitat type with red swampfire, a native annual forb and iodine bush, a native perennial...sedges, iodine bush, red swampfire, Gard- ner saltbush, rabbitbrush, and greasewood. Non-native plants include salt cedar, Russian olive, kochia, and...issues, federal agencies must identify and address disproportionately high and adverse effects of federal projects on the health or environment of

  14. Patriot missile defense systems might be deployed in Baltics - German general

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Saksamaa ja Holland testivad oktoobris Patriot-tüüpi rakette. Saksa brigaadikindral Michael Gschossmanni sõnul võidakse testimisele tulevaid õhutõrjesüsteeme paigutada tulevikus Balti riikidesse või Poola

  15. Innovative Science and Technology, Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, Technical Program Information. (United States)


    will be encouraged to follow-up with additional documentation - for example, a white paper or formal proposal. In addition to basic program efforts...related devices for opto-electronics, double heterostructures composed of AlGaN, GaN, and InGaN based layers for laser diode applications, as well...emitting diode ( LED ) structures. Opportunities Unique chemical approaches for ultra-fast EO external modulators; opto-electronic, ultra-high-speed signal

  16. Theater Missile Defense Extended Test Range Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement - Eglin Gulf Test Range. Volume 2 (United States)


    Gulf of Mexico .............................3-297 3.2.3-3 Locations of Cetaceans (Whales and Dolphins) .....................................3-299... Cetaceans on the Upper Continental Slope in the North-Central Gulf of Mexico,” Fishery Bulletin, No. 92: 773-786. Myers, R. and J. Ewel, 1992. Ecosystems...on Levels of Environmental Noise Requisite to Protect Public Health and Welfare with an Adequate Margin of Safety, March. U.S. Environmental

  17. A Methodology for Assessing and Ranking Ballistic Missile Defense Technologies Using a System Performance Index (United States)


    suggestions, and guidance concerning the technology assessment process. References 1. Using ACEIT for Total Ownership Cost Modeling and Analysis...2001 World Population Data Sheet, Population Reference Bureau, Washington, DC List of Acronyms ACEIT – Automated Cost Estimating Integrated

  18. Navy Shipboard Lasers for Surface, Air, and Missile Defense: Background and Issues for Congress (United States)


    community that extends back to the 1970s. The danger, of course, is that this poor past performance could lead decision-makers to downplay or ignore... eyesight devices. The United States ratified Protocol IV on December 23, 2008, and it entered into force for the United States on July 21, 2009.99 DOD...prohibiting the use of lasers specifically designed to cause permanent blindness to the naked eye or to the eye with corrective eyesight devices. Article-by

  19. Patriot missile defense systems might be deployed in Baltics - German general

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Saksamaa ja Holland testivad oktoobris Patriot-tüüpi rakette. Saksa brigaadikindral Michael Gschossmanni sõnul võidakse testimisele tulevaid õhutõrjesüsteeme paigutada tulevikus Balti riikidesse või Poola

  20. Person or Platform: A New Look at Selecting the Air and Missile Defense Commander (United States)


    of individuals who have spent the majority of their careers practicing command and control of the many layers and multiple assets in the game of AMD...many layers and multiple assets in the game of AMD. The result of such an approach offers the CWC the flexibility to shift the weight of effort for...states that the “AMDC should normally be assigned on the most capable or experienced AMD ship that pro - vides this level of support. Capable ship

  1. Theater Missile Defense: Indigenous Programs and Interest Among U.S. Friends and Allies, (United States)


    Secretary-General, Sergio Balanzino, and is charged with coordinating the activities of the other two committees. CRS-18 Previously, then-Under...Paper, in addition to Franco -Russian corporate negotiations and French exploratory funding for TMD options, underscore a new French willingness to

  2. Ballistic Missile Defense in the Asia-Pacific Region: Cooperation and Opposition (United States)


    denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula” to mean that the United States would withdraw its extended deterrence guarantee from South Korea when...Six-Party Talks on North Korean denuclearization . Chinese Perspective The Chinese government has long been highly critical of U.S. and allied BMD

  3. An Anthology: Rationale for a U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense (1969-1984). (United States)


    sytem si~rltzillc a I’ilst i ll aill ht dtrii e of thile di litiof heID Ssoe- hc the r greter coneen otvimb4o Iouil -ill feititer of USo Wtrit󈧭 niiss h’ on iw I mtc St redee more reoan to -o Id Iiv to stfl the ir Io t)o’~ I ’sII iI’ (’ o l it ., r St5 w i ’ 111(1 do te wI I-lse erail...Robert C. "High Frontier: The Only Game In Town." Journal of Social , Political, and Economic Studies! (Spring-Summer 1982), p. 55 19. Robinson

  4. Missile Defense: Opportunities Exist to Reduce Acquisition Risk and Improve Reporting on System Capabilities (United States)


    include sufficient margin in its test schedule based on recent test outcomes and forecasted testing demands so it could better meet its testing goals.22...later cause corrosion , which could have far reaching effects because of the component’s power and data interfaces with the kill vehicle’s IMU. The...rocket motor (TSRM) components. The TSRM is used to lift the interceptor out of the atmosphere and direct the warhead to the target. This component

  5. Informationization Design of New Generation Antitank Missile Weapon%新一代反坦克导弹武器信息化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何亚娟; 孙亚平; 王小永; 王琨


    In order to improve the design level of anti-tank missile weapon in informationization warfare, a method of informative design of indirect aiming anti-tank missile weapon system is proposed. Based on the purpose and criterion of informative design, informative design flow of anti-tank missile weapon is presented. The design content of information system of anti-tank missile weapon is described in detail form 8 aspects. Simulation results show the advantage of this design method such as short design assessment cycle, clear and reasonable design flow, rapid reaction and strong resilience.%为了提高信息化战争中反坦克导弹武器系统的设计水平,提出了一种间瞄反坦克导弹武器系统信息化设计方法,以信息化设计的目的、设计准则为依据,给出了反坦克导弹武器系统信息化设计流程,从8个方面详细论述了反坦克导弹武器系统信息化设计的内容.仿真结果表明:该设计评估周期短,设计流程清晰、合理、反应迅速、抗毁性强.

  6. Improvement of Intercept Probability Algorithm for Anti-ship Missile Based on Search Theory%Improvement of Intercept Probability Algorithm for Anti-ship Missile Based on Search Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪新刚; 谢晓方; 李雪


    Traditional intercept probability model has some drawbacks and can not meet the demands of command and control system. Aiming at this problem, a new calculation method based on search theory, terminal control area distribution function of antl-ship missile, target distribution function and missile's radar scan feature is proposed, Under the condition of common target distribution, an intercept probability model for present point attacking is determined. The simulation verifies its effectiveness and establishes the selecting model for aiming point when enemy ships evade in high speed.

  7. Recognizing plant defense priming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez-Medina, A.; Flors, V.; Heil, M.; Mauch-Mani, B.; Pieterse, C.M.J.; Pozo, M.J.; Ton, J.; Van Dam, N.M.; Conrath, U.


    Defense priming conditions diverse plant species for the superinduction of defense, often resulting in enhanced pest and disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance. Here, we propose a guideline that might assist the plant research community in a consistent assessment of defense priming in plant

  8. Designing Integrated Fuzzy Guidance Law for Aerodynamic Homing Missiles Using Genetic Algorithms (United States)

    Omar, Hanafy M.

    The Fuzzy logic controller (FLC) is well-known for robustness to parameter variations and ability to reject noise. However, its design requires definition of many parameters. This work proposes a systematic and simple procedure to develop an integrated fuzzy-based guidance law which consists of three FLC. Each is activated in a region of the interception. Another fuzzy-based switching system is introduced to allow smooth transition between these controllers. The parameters of all the fuzzy controllers, which include the distribution of the membership functions and the rules, are obtained simply by observing the function of each controller. Furthermore, these parameters are tuned by genetic algorithms by solving an optimization problem to minimize the interception time, missile acceleration commands, and miss distance. The simulation results show that the proposed procedure can generate a guidance law with satisfactory performance.

  9. Adaptive Sliding Mode BTT Autopilot for Cruise Missiles with Variable-Swept Wings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei-Ming Li; Rui-Sheng Sun; Hong-Yang Bai; Peng-Yun Liu


    In this paper, an adaptive sliding mode method was proposed for BTT autopilot of cruise missiles with variable-swept wings. To realize the whole state feedback, the roll angle, normal overloads and angular rates were considered as state variables of the autopilot, and a parametric sliding mode controller was designed via feedback linearization. A novel parametric adaptation law was put forward to estimate the nonlinear time-varying parameter perturbations in real time based on Lyapunov stability theory. A sliding mode boundary layer theory was adopted to smooth the discontinuity of control variables and eliminate the control chattering. The simulation was presented for the roll angle and overload commands tracking in different configuration schemes. The results indicated that the controlled system has robust dynamic tracking performance in condition of the large-scale aerodynamic parametric variety resulted from variable-swept wings.

  10. Global stabilizing controller design for linear time-varying systems and its application on BTT missiles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    A parametric method for the gain-scheduled controller design of a linear time-varying system is given. According to the proposed scheduling method, the performance between adjacent characteristic points is preserved by the invariant eigenvalues and the gradually varying eigenvectors. A sufficient stability criterion is given by constructing a series of Lyapunov functions based on the selected discrete characteristic points. An important contribution is that it provides a simple and feasible approach for the design of gain-scheduled controllers for linear time-varying systems, which can guarantee both the global stability and the desired closed-loop performance of the resulted system. The method is applied to the design of a BTT missile autopilot and the simulation results show that the method is superior to the traditional one in sense of either global stability or system performance.

  11. The proliferation of aerospace weapons technology: Ballistic missiles and the case of Brazil (United States)

    Vossen, Terrence John


    The rationale behind the development of ballistic missile production in Brazil is examined by exploring the political, military, and economic determinants of ballistic missile demand in that country. To ascertain how Brazil developed missile production capabilities, the contributions of aerospace industries in industrialized states, the Brazilian space program, trade between less-developed countries, and illicit trade in missile technology are assessed. It is argued that missile development increasingly became a function of economic as opposed to security considerations, and that technologies transferred from developed country aerospace firms and Brazil's space program were primarily responsible for the creation of production capabilities. It is also contended that the proliferation of missile technology to Brazil was consistent with the workings of a system evident in the aerospace weapons technology market that sustains the horizontal spread of weapons production capabilities.

  12. Assessment of Containment Structures Against Missile Impact Threats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Q M


    In order to ensure the highest safety requirements,nuclear power plant structures (the containment structures,the fuel storages and transportation systems) should be assessed against all possible internal and external impact threats.The internal impact threats include kinetic missiles generated by the failure of high pressure vessels and pipes,the failure of high speed rotating machineries and accidental drops.The external impact threats may come from airborne missiles,aircraft impact,explosion blast and fragments.The impact effects of these threats on concrete and steel structures in a nuclear power plant are discussed.Methods and procedures for the impact assessment of nuclear power plants are introduced.Recent studies on penetration and perforation mechanics as well as progresses on dynamic properties of concrete-like materials are presented to increase the understanding of the impact effects on concrete containment structures.

  13. Potential applications of video disc technology to missile guidance (United States)

    Ormsby, C. C.; Long, H. S.


    An assessment of video disk data storage technology suggests the possibility of a missile-borne data storage system providing real-time access to a data base consisting of approximately 10 to the 11th bits, with readout rates of up to 200 Mbits/sec and average frame access time of 2-3 sec. The Direct Read After Write (DRAW) technology currently under development will also provide a data recording capability of 10 to the 7th - 10 to the 8th bits/sec. Five cruise missile applications of this technology are discussed: (1) Terrain Contour Matching (TERCOM) data base guidance; (2) target signature data base guidance; (3) terrain/obstacle files navigation; (4) preprogrammed route storage navigation; and (5) reconnaissance data recording.

  14. Design and development of Propulsion System for Antitank Guided Missile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Mohan Reddy


    Full Text Available A Propulsion system is designed and developed for the third generation antitank guided missile (ATGM. It consists of a separate booster and sustainer. Booster is ahead of sustainer, having four nozzles canted to the missile axis. Sustainer discharges through a supersonic blast tube. Low smoke, high energy nitramine propellant for this propulsion system developed by the High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL, Pune, has been successfully flight-tested. The booster grain is tube-in-tube configuration with end inhibition and the sustainer grain is of end burning configuration. High strength aluminium alloy, HE-15, is used for rocket motor components. Glass-phenolic composite ablative material is used for thermal protection of motors and high density graphite is used for nozzle throats. The design considerations and approach, including grain configuration, nozzle, and ignitersare briefly discussed. The propulsion system has been extensively tested in static tests and in flights, establishing the satisfactory performance of the system.

  15. Inducible defenses against herbivory and fouling in seaweeds (United States)

    Pereira, Renato Crespo; Costa, Erica da Silva; Sudatti, Daniela Bueno; da Gama, Bernardo Antonio Perez


    Secondary metabolites play an important ecological role as a defense mechanism in seaweeds. Chemical defenses are well known to change in response to herbivory, but other driving factors, either biotic or abiotic, are often neglected. Epibiosis may not only reduce seaweed fitness, but also increase attractiveness to consumers, and thus defense production should also be triggered by epibionts. In this study, three Southwestern Atlantic seaweeds, Gracilaria cearensis, Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyceae) and Codium decorticatum (Chlorophyceae) were investigated in laboratory bioassays designed to test whether the action of herbivory or simulated epibiosis influences chemical defenses. Crossed induction experiments were also performed in order to assess whether herbivore induction influences antifouling chemical defense, as well as whether epibiont induction would affect defense against herbivores. The effect of laboratory conditions on seaweeds in the absence of field stimuli was also investigated by comparing consumption of artificial food with extracts from acclimatized and non-acclimatized seaweeds (i.e., natural defense levels). Only the green seaweed C. decorticatum exhibited inducible antifouling defenses triggered by simulated epibiosis, but not by herbivores. In the other seaweeds there was no induction either by herbivory or simulated epibiosis. Acclimatization did not affect C. decorticatum defenses. However, non-acclimatized G. cearensis artificial foods were preferred over acclimatized ones, while extracts from acclimatized P. capillacea increased herbivore consumption, highlighting the need to acclimatize seaweeds before the main induction experiments. This is the first report of inducible defenses due to simulated fouling in seaweeds.

  16. Air Force Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Fuze Modernization (ICBM Fuze Mod) (United States)


    Production FY - Fiscal Year FYDP - Future Years Defense Program ICE - Independent Cost Estimate IOC - Initial Operational Capability Inc - Increment JROC...Performance 12 Track to Budget 13 Cost and Funding 14 Low Rate Initial Production 21 Foreign Military Sales 22 Nuclear Costs 22 Unit...Document CLIN - Contract Line Item Number CPD - Capability Production Document CY - Calendar Year DAB - Defense Acquisition Board DAE - Defense

  17. 弹道导弹威胁估计模型构建%Research on Model Building of Ballistic Missile Threat Assessment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱艺; 肖兵; 林傲; 张锋; 王海燕


    简要分析了弹道导弹飞行3个阶段的不同特点及各阶段导弹预警探测手段的侧重点,结合威胁估计的特征构建了弹道导弹威胁估计模型结构框架,运用多阶段贝叶斯网络理论,构造了主动段、自由段和再入段威胁估计模型,并明确了三阶段间的转换时机。采用动态贝叶斯方法对弹道导弹作战全过程进行威胁估计仿真推理,仿真结果能够反映导弹在飞行过程中威胁程度的变化特点,为反导指挥员作出辅助决策提供智力支持。%This paper briefly introduces different features in three phases of ballistic missile and focuses in different detection methods of missile early warning according to the features of threat assessment ,It establishes the threat assessment model pattern of ballistic missile. Through applying multi-phase Bayesian theory ,it builds a assessment model which includes boost phase,free phase,and re-entry phase and clarifies proper transformation opportunity among three phases. Besides ,it reasons and simulates the whole battle process of ballistic missile so as to get threat assessment results which reveals the traits of missiles regarding to changes during the flight and to offer intelligent assistance working as auxiliary decisions to commanders.

  18. ARMS CONTROL: U.S. Efforts to Control the Transfer of Nuclear-Capable Missile Technology (United States)


    risk of diversion is an important part of its analysis, Commerce focuses its reviews on certain countries that are developing nuclear-capable missiles...ogy to countries developing nuclear-capable missile systems. Our work was conducted in the United States at the Departments of State, Commerce , and...the MTCR in halting the transfer of MTCR-related systems and technology to countries developing nuclear-capable missile systems. The objectives, scope

  19. The U.S. Navy and the Cuban Missile Crisis (United States)


    floor of 1,200 feet, the Guidelines were photographed at Bahia Honda, Havana, La Coloma, Mariel, Matanzas , San Julian, and Cienfuegos. Photography of the...a sharp warning might deter the Soviets from deploying ballistic missiles to Cuba, but unwilling to go public with the evidence 68 available to date...p. 4; "United States Air Force Security Service: Performance During the Cuban Crisis, April- December 1962," n.d., NSACF, pp. 12, 68 ; "Air Force

  20. Space and Missile Systems Center Standard: Space Flight Pressurized Systems (United States)


    pressure and vehicle structural loads. The main propellant tank of a launch vehicle is a typical example. Pressurized System: A system that...SPACE AND MISSILE SYSTEMS CENTER STANDARD SPACE FLIGHT PRESSURIZED SYSTEMS APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE...Space Flight Pressurized Systems 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER

  1. Robust Hybrid Control for Ballistic Missile Longitudinal Autopilot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAEL Mohsen Ahmed; QUAN Quana


    This paper investigates the boost phase's longitudinal autopilot of a ballistic missile equipped with thrust vector control.The existing longitudinal autopilot employs time-invariant passive resistor-inductor-capacitor (RLC) network compensator as a control strategy,which does not take into account the time-varying missile dynamics.This may cause the closed-loop system instability in the presence of large disturbance and dynamics uncertainty.Therefore,the existing controller should be redesigned to achieve more stable vehicle response.In this paper,based on gain-scheduling adaptive control strategy,two different types of optimal controllers are proposed.The first controller is gain-scheduled optimal tuning-proportional-integral-derivative (PID) with actuator constraints,which supplies better response but requires a priori knowledge of the system dynamics.Moreover,the controller has oscillatory response in the presence of dynamic uncertainty.Taking this into account,gain-scheduled optimal linear quadratic (LQ) in conjunction with optimal tuning-compensator offers the greatest scope for controller improvement in the presence of dynamic uncertainty and large disturbance.The latter controller is tested through various scenarios for the validated nonlinear dynamic flight model of the real ballistic missile system with autopilot exposed to external disturbances.

  2. Changing law of launching pitching angular velocity of rotating missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Guang; Xu Bin; Jiao Xiaojuan; Zhen Tiesheng


    In order to provide accurate launching pitching angular velocity (LPAV) for the exterior trajectory optimization design, multi-flexible body dynamics (MFBD) technology is presented to study the changing law of LPAV of the rotating missile based on spiral guideway. An MFBD virtual prototype model of the rotating missile launching system is built using multi-body dynamics modeling technology based on the built flexible body models of key components and the special force model. The built model is verified with the frequency spectrum analysis. With the flexible body contact theory and nonlinear theory of MFBD technology, the research is conducted on the influence of a series of factors on LPAV, such as launching angle change, clearance between launching canister and missile, thrust change, thrust eccentricity and mass eccentricity, etc. Through this research, some useful values of the key design parameters which are difficult to be measured in physical tests are obtained. Finally, a simplified mathematical model of the changing law of LPAV is presented through fitting virtual test results using the linear regression method and verified by physical flight tests. The research results have important significance for the exterior trajectory optimization design.

  3. Fires. A Joint Professional Bulletin for U.S. Field and Air Defense Artillerymen. September-October 2011 (United States)


    persistence, and long-range surveillance to be carried by; secondly, the High-Altitude Arsenal Airship , or HA3, a derivative of the ISIS, for carrying...of the atmosphere has the effect of reducing aerodynamic drag on the missile, and may add over 1 kilometers/sec to the interceptor’s burnout... Airship . L ighter-than-air vehicles: combat-proven for more than 70 years, and counting. Contrary to widespread belief in defense circles, not

  4. Missiles for Asia The Need for Operational Analysis of U.S. Theater Ballistic Missiles in the Pacific (United States)


    attack a skilled TEL force. During the Gulf War, Iraqi TELs were able to continue firing TBMs at Israel , Saudi Arabia, and Bahrain despite a concerted...1, 2015: family-of-stealthy-cruise-missiles-014343/ Binnie, Jeremy, “ Israel , Syria...Secretary of the Army and was conducted within the RAND Arroyo Center’s Strategy, Doctrine, and Resources Program. RAND Arroyo Center, part of the RAND

  5. Optical Pattern Recognition for Missile Guidance. (United States)


    Cutrona et al., IRE Trans. Inform. Theory, vol. IT-6, p. 386,1960, diodes whose outputs are the elements of W. Each LED is and D. Hecht , Proc. Soc...34, Acta optica Sinica, 1, 401-410, September 1981 (Casasent et al). 35. "Eigenvector Determination by Iterative Optical Methods", Applied optics, 20...Elements and Architectures" (Master’s expected in 1983). 10. Eugene Pochapsky, "Digital Preprocessing and Simulation for Optical Pattern Recognition

  6. The Apache Longbow-Hellfire Missile Test at Yuma Proving Ground: Ecological Risk Assessment for Missile Firing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, Daniel Steven [ORNL; Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Hargrove, William Walter [ORNL; Suter, Glenn [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Pater, Larry [ERDC-CERL


    A multiple stressor risk assessment was conducted at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona, as a demonstration of the Military Ecological Risk Assessment Framework. The focus was a testing program at Cibola Range, which involved an Apache Longbow helicopter firing Hellfire missiles at moving targets, M60- A1 tanks. This paper describes the ecological risk assessment for the missile launch and detonation. The primary stressor associated with this activity was sound. Other minor stressors included the detonation impact, shrapnel, and fire. Exposure to desert mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus crooki) was quantified using the Army sound contour program BNOISE2, as well as distances from the explosion to deer. Few effects data were available from related studies. Exposure-response models for the characterization of effects consisted of human "disturbance" and hearing damage thresholds in units of C-weighted decibels (sound exposure level) and a distance-based No Observed Adverse Effects Level for moose and cannonfire. The risk characterization used a weight-of-evidence approach and concluded that risk to mule deer behavior from the missile firing was likely for a negligible number of deer, but that no risk to mule deer abundance and reproduction is expected.

  7. FY 1975 Defense Budget and FY 1975-1979 Defense Program (United States)


    ecological , or biological dangers to the area in which it is installed. 77 L The need for a more survivable communications link to our ballistic...Ship 32 61 58 Acquisition of Patrol Hydrofoil Missile Ship 30 23 108 Anti-Ship Missiles Acquisition of the HARPOON Anti-Ship Missile 60 81 136...force will be augmented by the first two of a new class of Patrol Hydrofoil Missile ships (PHM). The PHM is a cooperative NATO development program in

  8. Simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Ngada, N M


    The complexity and cost of building and running high-power electrical systems make the use of simulations unavoidable. The simulations available today provide great understanding about how systems really operate. This paper helps the reader to gain an insight into simulation in the field of power converters for particle accelerators. Starting with the definition and basic principles of simulation, two simulation types, as well as their leading tools, are presented: analog and numerical simulations. Some practical applications of each simulation type are also considered. The final conclusion then summarizes the main important items to keep in mind before opting for a simulation tool or before performing a simulation.

  9. Real-time target motion animation for missile warning system testing (United States)

    Perkins, Timothy; Sundberg, Robert; Cordell, John; Tun, Zaw; Owen, Mark


    The QUick Image Display (QUID) model accurately computes and displays radiance images of aircraft and other objects, generically called targets, at animation rates while the target undergoes unrestricted flight. Animation rates are obtained without sacrificing radiometric accuracy by using two important innovations. First, QUID has been implemented using the Open Scene Graph (OSG) library, an open-source, cross-platform 3-D graphics toolkit for the development of high performance graphics applications in the fields of visual simulation, virtual reality, scientific visualization and modeling. Written entirely in standard C++ and fully encapsulating OpenGL and its extensions, OSG exploits modern graphics hardware to perform the computationally intensive calculations such as hidden surface removal, 3-D transformations, and shadow casting. Second, a novel formulation for reflective/emissive terms enables rapid and accurate calculation of per-vertex radiance. The bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) is a decomposed into separable spectral and angular functions. The spectral terms can be pre-calculated for a user specified band pass and for a set of target-observer ranges. The only BRDF calculations which must be performed during target motion involves the observer-target-source angular functions. QUID supports a variety of target geometry files and is capable of rendering scenes containing high level-of-detail targets with thousands of facets. QUID generates accurate visible to LWIR radiance maps, in-band and spectral signatures. The newest features of QUID are illustrated with radiance and apparent temperature images of threat missiles as viewed by an aircraft missile warning system.

  10. Moving Target Defense

    CERN Document Server

    Jajodia, Sushil; Swarup, Vipin; Wang, Cliff; Wang, X Sean


    Moving Target Defense: Creating Asymmetric Uncertainty for Cyber Threats was developed by a group of leading researchers. It describes the fundamental challenges facing the research community and identifies new promising solution paths. Moving Target Defense which is motivated by the asymmetric costs borne by cyber defenders takes an advantage afforded to attackers and reverses it to advantage defenders. Moving Target Defense is enabled by technical trends in recent years, including virtualization and workload migration on commodity systems, widespread and redundant network connectivity, instr

  11. A comparative study via Monte Carlo simulation of new inorganic scintillator Cs2HfCl6 for applications in nuclear medicine, security and defense, and astrophysics (United States)

    Chen, Henry; Raby, Paul


    Cs2HfCl6 (CHC) is one of the most promising recently discovered new inorganic single crystal scintillator that has high light output, non-hygroscopic, no self-activity, having energy resolution significantly better than NaI(Tl), even approaching that of LaBr3 yet can also potentially be at a much lower cost than LaBr3. This study attempts to use Monte Carlo simulation to examine the great potential offered by this new scintillator. CHC's detector performance is compared via simulation with that of 4 typical existing scintillators of the same size and same PMT readout. Two halide-scintillators: NaI(Tl) and LaBr3 and two oxide-scintillators: GSO and LSO were used in this simulation to compare their 122 keV and 511 keV gamma responses with that of CHC with both spectroscopy application and imaging applications in mind. Initial simulation results are very promising and consistent with reported experimental measurements. Beside detector energy resolution, image-quality measurement parameters commonly used to characterize imaging detectors as in nuclear medicine such as Light Response Function (LRF) which goes in parallel with spatial resolution and simulated position spectra will also be presented and discussed.

  12. Dynamic defense workshop :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crosby, Sean Michael; Doak, Justin E.; Haas, Jason Juedes.; Helinski, Ryan; Lamb, Christopher C.


    On September 5th and 6th, 2012, the Dynamic Defense Workshop: From Research to Practice brought together researchers from academia, industry, and Sandia with the goals of increasing collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories and external organizations, de ning and un- derstanding dynamic, or moving target, defense concepts and directions, and gaining a greater understanding of the state of the art for dynamic defense. Through the workshop, we broadened and re ned our de nition and understanding, identi ed new approaches to inherent challenges, and de ned principles of dynamic defense. Half of the workshop was devoted to presentations of current state-of-the-art work. Presentation topics included areas such as the failure of current defenses, threats, techniques, goals of dynamic defense, theory, foundations of dynamic defense, future directions and open research questions related to dynamic defense. The remainder of the workshop was discussion, which was broken down into sessions on de ning challenges, applications to host or mobile environments, applications to enterprise network environments, exploring research and operational taxonomies, and determining how to apply scienti c rigor to and investigating the eld of dynamic defense.

  13. Chaff Centroid Jamming and Ship to Air Missile Anti-missile Cooperation Conflict Prediction%箔条质心干扰与舰空弹反导冲突预测问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙翼; 韩龙


    现代海战中箔条弹与舰空导弹综合使用中存在的电磁干扰冲突严重制约了舰艇的防空反导能力。论文重点针对电磁干扰冲突问题,提出了冲突预测判断原则,构建了冲突预测理论模型,并基于模型采取遍历运算方法对箔条质心干扰与舰空导弹冲突预测进行模拟仿真,对冲突判断模型进行了验证,其结果与实际相吻合。论文的研究可为提升箔条弹与舰空导弹协同作战效能,提高防空反导能力提供重要思路。%In the modern sea warfare ,the electromagnetic conflicts of using the Centroid Jamming and Ship to Air Missile se‐verely restricted the ability of air defence and antimissile .This paper forcused on the electromagnetic interference conflict question , proposed conflict prediction judgment principle ,constructed the conflict prediction model .And based on the model ,this paper used the traversal algorithm to simulate conflict prediction of the chaff centroid jamming and ship to air missile .The results were consist‐ent with the actual situation .The research could enhance the cooperative operation effectiveness of the chaff centroid jamming and ship to air missile ,and improve the ability of air defence and antimissile ,and provide an important idea .

  14. 旋转导弹姿态稳定控制方法研究%The Attitude Stabilization Control Method for Spinning Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楼朝飞; 张锐; 陆宙斯


    旋转导弹往往采用初始静不稳定的结构形式使得在攻击目标时具有较大的过载能力,如何能够保证旋转导弹平稳地度过静不稳定段是导弹正常飞行的关键.采用姿态稳定控制方法对初始段进行控制,使导弹顺利度过静不稳定段,通过数学仿真及半实物仿真验证了该控制方法的有效性.基于正交试验设计的仿真试验表明,在各种气动干扰因素影响下,旋转导弹均能实现较高的姿态控制精度.%Spinning missile generally adopts initial unsteady structure to make it endure much higher overload. It is necessary for a spinning missile to get through the unsteady period successfully. The attitude stabilization control method is designed for spinning missile. The design of attitude stabilization control method is given and math simulation is completed. The availability is validated by simulation data at different interference backgrounds.

  15. An Onboard Transmitting Antenna of Cruise Missile%一种飞航导弹弹载发射天线设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何兵; 刘刚; 南楠; 王园园


    以飞航导弹弹载数据链为应用背景,通过综合分析、比较、优化和仿真,设计了一种与飞航导弹共形、具有大角域覆盖能力的弹载发射天线。仿真结果说明了该天线性能满足飞航导弹卫星通信需求,在解决工程实际问题的同时,为此类应用提供了一种新型天线方案,为相关设计提供了一种思路。%In the paper,we designed a kind of onboard transmitting antenna of cruise missile through integrated comparison,analysis,optimization and simulation.The antenna is conformal with the cruise missile,and has wide coverage domain and certain anti-jamming capability.The simulation result shows that the designed antenna satisfies all requirements of satellite communication of cruise missile.The paper provides a new antenna designning method and new idea for similar application.

  16. Zero-sum versus nonzero-sum differential game approach to missile guidance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trottemant, E.J.; Vermeulen, A.; Weiss, M.


    New developments and improvements on evasive missiles have led to a situation in which the current missile guidance laws have difficulties to intercept maneuvering targets. The nature of the interception problem with 2 non-cooperative players leads to the field of differential games. Recent studies

  17. A modular ducted rocket missile model for threat and performance assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mayer, A.E.H.J.; Halswijk, W.H.C.; Komduur, H.J.; Lauzon, M.; Stowe, R.A.


    A model was developed to predict the thrust of throttled ramjet propelled missiles. The model is called DRCORE and fulfils the growing need to predict the performance of air breathing missiles. Each subsystem of the propulsion unit of this model is coded by using engineering formulae and enables the

  18. NPS Defense Affordability Panel (United States)


    MEADS CAP AMRAAM (AIM-120) MQ-9 UAS REAPER AMF JTRS Chem Demil -ACWA TRIDENT II MISSILE USMC H-1 UPGRADES LHA 6 JLENS 100 50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300...DDG 1000, E-2D AHE, EFV(2)**, RMS, VH-71* – Air Force: AEHF, C-5 RERP, C-130 AMP, EELV(2), Global Hawk, JASSM, JPATS, WGS – DoD: Chem Demil -ACWA(2...Javelin, JLENS – Navy: H-1 Upgrades – Air Force: AEHF, C-27J, NPOESS, C-130 AMP – DoD: Chem Demil -ACWA, JTRS GMR * This program reported

  19. 44th Annual Gun and Missile Systems Conference and Exhibition (United States)


    Cup and Detonator Rocket Motor • End-Burning with Centerport Inhibitor • SAA -139 Propellant • Titanium Beta-C Rocket Motor Case TFA (Tail Fin Assembly...FY09 Weapons Funding Allocations FMS 8% Support 6% Development 13% Other to include Army, USCG, DFS 19% Procurement 54% Page 9 UNCLASSIFIED Raytheon ERP ...WR/2 ‘Yesterday’s’ Problem Today - Changing Operational Environment Raytheon ERP /WR/2 Self Defenses lf f Area Defenses r f Outer Defenses Combat Air

  20. Missile Sites, Former missile field for Whiteman., Published in 2005, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Whiteman Air Force Base. (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Missile Sites dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2005. It is described as...

  1. 基于不确定信息的无人机攻防博弈策略研究%Study on UAV Offensive/Defensive Game Strategy Based on Uncertain Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈侠; 刘敏; 胡永新


    The offensive/defensive problem of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) in an uncertain environment was presented by analyzing the uncertain information of target value and damage probability. An offensive/defensive payoff function of UAV in the case of uncertain information was established based on the information value of friend and enemy' s missiles, and the offensive/defensive game payoff matrix was built. The Nash equilibrium of the game was obtained by combining the particle swarm optimization algorithm and the interval number multiple attribute ranking method in the case of uncertain information. A new method for UAV offensive/defensive game to achieve optimal strategy was proposed. Finally the feasibility and effectiveness of the method was verified by simulation.%通过分析实际战场中目标价值和毁伤概率信息的不确定性,提出了不确定信息条件下需要解决的无人机(UAV)攻防博弈问题.以敌我双方发射导弹的价值信息为依据,建立基于不确定信息的多UAV攻防对抗的支付函数,构建攻防双方博弈支付矩阵.将粒子群算法和区间数多属性方案排序方法相结合,给出基于不确定信息下博弈纳什均衡求解方法,为不确定环境下UAV攻防博弈实现最优策略提供了新方法.最后,进行了仿真实验,验证了该方法的可行性和有效性.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mu Jianchun; Zhang Tieguang


    Impact tests at both normal and oblique angles of incidence were .conducted on thin mild tubes using a moderate size of 90° conical-nosed missiles. Tne minimum impact speed that generated cracks through the thickness of the wall, termed the speed for rupture, was measured, and various modes of rupture were identified. For a thin tube hit by a missile at a normal angle of obliquity at the speed for rupture, the contact region spreads across the nose of the missile, and the transverse shear deformation is predominant in the final failure process. If the angle of obliquity is 30°, the missile pierces a hole through the wall of the tube. At the speed for rupture, the kinetic energy of the missile for oblique angle 30° is only about 45 % that required for plugging at a normal angle of obliquity.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The gas and water flows during an underwater missile launch are numerically studied. For the gas flow, the explicit difference scheme of Non-oscillation and Non-free-parameter Dissipation (NND) is utilized to solve the Euler equations for compressible fluids in the body-fitted coordinates. For the water flow, the Hess-Smith method is employed to solve the Laplace equation for the velocity potential of irrotational water flows based on the potential theory and the boundary element method. The hybrid Eulerian-Lagrangian formulation for the free boundary conditions is used to compute the changes of the free surface of the exhausted gas bubble in time stepping. On the free surface of the exhausted gas bubble, the matched conditions of both the normal velocities and pressures are satisfied. From the numerical simulation, it is found that the exhausted gas bubble grows more rapidly in the axial direction than in the radial direction and the bubble will shrink at its "neck" finally. Numerical results of the movement of the shock wave and the distribution of the Mach number and the gas pressure within the bubble were presented, which reveals that at some time, the gas flow in the Laval nozzle is subsonic and the gas pressure in the nozzle is very high. Influences of various initial missile velocities and chamber total pressures and water depths on both the time interval when the gas flow in the nozzle is subsonic and the peak of the gas pressure at the nozzle end were discussed. It was suggested that a reasonable adjustment of the chamber total pressure can improve the performance of the engine during the underwater launch of missiles.

  4. Reserve lithium-thionyl chloride battery for missile applications (United States)

    Planchat, J. P.; Descroix, J. P.; Sarre, G.

    A comparative performance study has been conducted for silver-zinc, thionyl chloride, and thermal batteries designed for such missile applications as ICBM guidance system power supplies. Attention is given to each of the three candidates' conformity to requirements concerning mechanical configuration, electrochemical design, electrolyte reservoir, external case, and gas generator. The silver-zinc and Li-SOCl2 candidates employ similar cell configurations and yield comparable performance. The thermal battery is found to be incapable of meeting battery case temperature-related requirements.

  5. Thermal Battery As A Power Sources In Guided Missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Singh


    Full Text Available The battery based on low melting eutectic salt mixture electrolyte is thermally activated by raising the temperature of the electrolyte to its melting point. The battery is capable of discharging at very high rates for short duration. The battery employs a combination of elements with low electronegativity and capable of giving higher electrode potentials such as Ca or Mg as anode, a wide variety of eutectic salt electrolytes and various oxides, sulphates, silicates, phosphates, chromates as cathode depolarizers. Only those thermally activated systems which find application as potential power sources in guided missiles are reviewed.

  6. Year 2000 small engine technology payoffs in cruise missiles (United States)

    Singh, B.; Benstein, E. H.


    A study has been conducted for advanced small (450-850 pounds thrust) gas turbine engines for a subsonic strategic cruise missile application, using projected year-2000 technology. Engine performance and configuration analyses were performed for two and three spool turbofan and propfan engine concepts. Mission and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analyses were performed in which the candidate engines were compared to the baseline engine over a prescribed mission. The advanced technology engines reduced system LCC up to 41 percent relative to the baseline engine. The critical aerodynamic materials and mechanical systems necessary for turbine engine technology were identified.

  7. Renewable Energy Opportunities at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chvala, William D.; Solana, Amy E.; States, Jennifer C.; Warwick, William M.; Weimar, Mark R.; Dixon, Douglas R.


    The document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 DoD Renewable Energy Assessment. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) for heating and cooling buildings, as directed by IMCOM.

  8. Minimum Ballistic Factor Problem of Slender Axial Symmetric Missiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. B. Tawakley


    Full Text Available The problem of determining the geometry of slender, axisymmetric missiles of minimum ballistic factor in hypersonic flow has been solved via the calculus of variations under the assumptions that the flow is Newtonian and the surface averaged skin-friction coefficient is constant. The study has been made for conditions of given length and diameter, given diameter and surfacearea, and given surface area and length. The earlier investigations/sup 8/ where only regular shapes were determined has been extended to cover those class of bodies which consist of regular shapes followed or preceded by zero slope shapes.

  9. Unfolding Green Defense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristian Knus


    consumption in military operations, defense expenditure, energy security, and global climate change. The report then proceeds to introduce the NATO Green Defence Framework before exploring specific current uses of green technologies and green strategies for defense. The report concludes that a number...

  10. Avian host defense peptides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Tryntsje; Coorens, M.; van Dijk, A.; Haagsman, H.P.


    Host defense peptides (HDPs) are important effector molecules of the innate immune system of vertebrates. These antimicrobial peptides are also present in invertebrates, plants and fungi. HDPs display broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and fulfill an important role in the first line of defense

  11. Defense Mechanisms: A Bibliography. (United States)

    Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, Bonnie C.

    This bibliography includes studies of defense mechanisms, in general, and studies of multiple mechanisms. Defense mechanisms, briefly and simply defined, are the unconscious ego defendants against unpleasure, threat, or anxiety. Sigmund Freud deserves the clinical credit for studying many mechanisms and introducing them in professional literature.…

  12. A Simulation Study of Four Real-Time Heuristic Algorithms for Multiple Missile Missile Evasion: A Game Theoretic Approach (United States)


    are virtually identical -- the sole exception pertains to the remarks in Section 3.5 (p. 3-20) in reference to the vectors G. and 1, i = 1, 2. This...f UPAX U.;T AR 2 )5-- IFLAu -IVAL 161 PE-M 14 AUla 162 2j CC It 7INu E 164 IF(RuLL.viT.1,’ .) RcLL=kOLL-36O. 165 1 F ( R, LL .L . (-.IJ. ) ) ROLL=R

  13. Defense Industry Clusters in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Alpaslan Demir


    Full Text Available All countries strive for a capable national defense supported by a strong national defense industry. Supporting national defense with imported defense systems has many limitations and risks because the terms of arms trade agreements between countries may easily be influenced by the political climate of the signatories. As a result, establishing an independent national defense requires a strong national defense industry. Furthermore, exporting defense systems may be an important source of national income. National defense industries mostly consist of large-scale defense firms that have the resources required for big defense contracts. However, small to medium enterprises (SMEs do not have the necessary resources, therefore they are at a disadvantage. To overcome this handicap and be part of the business, defense industry clusters mostly consisting of SMEs are being established. Provided that there is good national planning and support in this area, defense clusters consisting of SMEs may play a significant role in industry. SMEs have a chance to offer specialized services, special or customized products when needed. As a result, large defense firms subcontract certain portions of defense projects to SMEs. Since 2010, Turkey has shown signs of continuous improvement in defense industry clustering. In parallel with these developments, this study discusses the importance of clustering in the defense industry, briefly presents the state of the Turkish defense industry as highlighted by national statistics, and presents the current status of defense clusters in Turkey. The novelty of this article consists in its assessment of Turkish defense clusters.

  14. Radio Frequency Simulation System (RFSS) Capabilities Summary (United States)


    S- 0LEVEL-- TECHNICAL REPORT TD -77-8 RADIO FREQUENCY SIMULATION SYSTEM (RFSS) CAPABILITIES SUMMARY 00 SAeroballistios Directorate Advanced Simulation...gAttn: DRDMT - TD /AMCMS 63 303.214131101 RedstngArj gUAl. Alabmt 35809______________ It CONTITL.uNG OFFICE NAME AND ADDRESS CoMuaa ner US Army Missile...r ~- -- 0 0 0 1 N -4 -- -~ *5 0 - 5e41 -A I: a 00 I I. S Jto cc iI us V A U. II I’~z’LF~iJ - - - - -> 3-cc dc -4 -.40 =! Jo -AZC 4 C - 442q 0 M~A $Ji a

  15. Demonstration of the Military Ecological Risk Assessment Framework (MERAF): Apache Longbow - Hell Missile Test at Yuma Proving Ground

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Efroymson, R.A.


    This ecological risk assessment for a testing program at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona, is a demonstration of the Military Ecological Risk Assessment Framework (MERAF; Suter et al. 2001). The demonstration is intended to illustrate how risk assessment guidance concerning-generic military training and testing activities and guidance concerning a specific type of activity (e.g., low-altitude aircraft overflights) may be implemented at a military installation. MERAF was developed with funding from the Strategic Research and Development Program (SERDP) of the Department of Defense. Novel aspects of MERAF include: (1) the assessment of risks from physical stressors using an ecological risk assessment framework, (2) the consideration of contingent or indirect effects of stressors (e.g., population-level effects that are derived from habitat or hydrological changes), (3) the integration of risks associated with different component activities or stressors, (4) the emphasis on quantitative risk estimates and estimates of uncertainty, and (5) the modularity of design, permitting components of the framework to be used in various military risk assessments that include similar activities. The particular subject of this report is the assessment of ecological risks associated with a testing program at Cibola Range of Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona. The program involves an Apache Longbow helicopter firing Hellfire missiles at moving targets, i.e., M60-A1 tanks. Thus, the three component activities of the Apache-Hellfire test were: (1) helicopter overflight, (2) missile firing, and (3) tracked vehicle movement. The demonstration was limited, to two ecological endpoint entities (i.e., potentially susceptible and valued populations or communities): woody desert wash communities and mule deer populations. The core assessment area is composed of about 126 km{sup 2} between the Chocolate and Middle Mountains. The core time of the program is a three-week period, including fourteen days of

  16. Development of Information Technology for Smart Defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Kyoil; Lee, So Yeon; Park, Sangjoon; Park, Jonghyun [ETRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Han, Sangcheol [KEIT, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)


    Recently, there has been demand for the convergence of IT (Information and communication Technologies, ICT) with defense, as has already been achieved in civilian fields such as healthcare and construction. It is expected that completely new and common requirements would emerge from the civilian and military domains and that the shape of war field would change rapidly. Many military scientists forecast that future wars would be network-centric and be based on C4I(Command, Control, Communication and Computer, Intelligence), ISR(Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance), and PGM(Precision Guided Munitions). For realizing the smart defense concept, IT should act as a baseline technology even for simulating a real combat field using virtual reality. In this paper, we propose the concept of IT-based smart defense with a focus on accurate detection in real and cyber wars, effective data communication, automated and unmanned operation, and modeling and simulation.

  17. The United States’ European Phased Adaptive Approach Missile Defense System: Defending Against Iranian Missile Threats Without Diluting the Russian Deterrent (United States)


    responsible move by the U.S. president.”16 Then–Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin , echoing this sentiment, said, “The latest decision by the Obama...2020, a new arms race will begin.”26 Similarly, Russian President Putin said in a statement in August 2012, “ Russia is open to new joint initiatives...Publications, Inc., 1971. Boyer, Dave, “Obama Defends Russia ‘Reset’ Despite Strained Ties with Putin ,” Washington Times, September 4, 2013. As of

  18. Deterrence by Denial: The Efficacy of U.S. Missile Defense in the Persian Gulf as a Deterrent Against the Iranian Regional Missile Threat (United States)


    The Israel-Arab Reader, by Walter Laqueur and Barry Rubin published initially in 1969, followed by seven updates between 1970 and 2008, investigates...published a paper by Thomas Mattair entitled U.S.-GCC Relations in the Post-War Era: An Enduring Partnership for Regional Stability?. The Jerusalem...Historical Analysis.‖ International Studies Quarterly 28, no. 2 (June 1984): 219-238. Mattair, Thomas . ―U.S.-GCC Relations in the Post-War Era: An Enduring

  19. Estimation filters for missile tracking with airborne laser (United States)

    Clemons, T. M., III; Chang, K. C.


    This paper examines the use of various estimation filters on the highly non-linear problem of tracking a ballistic missile during boost phase from a moving airborne platform. The aircraft receives passive bearing data from an IR sensor and range data from a laser rangefinder. The aircraft is assumed to have a laser weapon system that requires highly accurate bearing information in order to keep the laser on target from a distance of 100-200 km. The tracking problem is made more difficult due to the changing acceleration of the missile, especially during stage drop-off and ignition. The Extended Kalman Filter (EKF), Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF), 'bootstrap' Particle Filter (PF), and the Gaussian Sum Particle Filter (GSPF) are explored using different values for sensor accuracy in bearing and range, and various degrees of uncertainty of the target and platform dynamic. Scenarios were created using Satellite Toolkit © for trajectories from a Southeast Asia launch with associated sensor observations. MATLAB © code modified from the ReBEL Toolkit © was used to run the EKF, UKF, PF, and GSPF sensor track filters. Mean Square Error results are given for tracking during the period when the target is in view of the radar and IR sensors. This paper provides insight into the accuracy requirements of the sensors and the suitability of the given estimators.

  20. Schools Enlisting Defense Industry to Boost STEM (United States)

    Trotter, Andrew


    Defense contractors Northrop Grumman Corp. and Lockheed Martin Corp. are joining forces in an innovative partnership to develop high-tech simulations to boost STEM--or science, technology, engineering, and mathematics--education in the Baltimore County schools. The Baltimore County partnership includes the local operations of two major military…

  1. Impact angle constrained three-dimensional integrated guidance and control for STT missile in the presence of input saturation. (United States)

    Wang, Sen; Wang, Weihong; Xiong, Shaofeng


    Considering a class of skid-to-turn (STT) missile with fixed target and constrained terminal impact angles, a novel three-dimensional (3D) integrated guidance and control (IGC) scheme is proposed in this paper. Based on coriolis theorem, the fully nonlinear IGC model without the assumption that the missile flies heading to the target at initial time is established in the three-dimensional space. For this strict-feedback form of multi-variable system, dynamic surface control algorithm is implemented combining with extended observer (ESO) to complete the preliminary design. Then, in order to deal with the problems of the input constraints, a hyperbolic tangent function is introduced to approximate the saturation function and auxiliary system including a Nussbaum function established to compensate for the approximation error. The stability of the closed-loop system is proven based on Lyapunov theory. Numerical simulations results show that the proposed integrated guidance and control algorithm can ensure the accuracy of target interception with initial alignment angle deviation and the input saturation is suppressed with smooth deflection curves. Copyright © 2016 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. 导弹预防性检测系统设计%The Design of The System of Missile Precautionary Measurement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪于; 方洋旺


    导弹贮存期间经历多次测试维修,检测数据繁杂,只有更好利用其现场数据才能更合理预测导弹寿命及检测时间。对此,结合装备失效率曲线,提出三种样本采集方案,设计了一套预防性检测系统,并以威布尔分布为例,进行了仿真验证,结果验证系统的正确性与实用性。%There is a lot of measurement and maintenance during missile storage.Due to the complexity of data test,only by using field data can the lifespan and test time of missiles be better forecasted.To solve the problem,three kinds of data acquisition schemes are given by considering the bathtub curve of disabled probability of equipment.The system of missile precautionary measurement is designed.The simulation experiment based on the data turns out to obey Weibull distribution.The result validates the effectiveness and practicability of the system.

  3. Defense and the Economy (United States)


    AD A 66 28 o’py 9of 27 copiesII AD-A266 288-co, .o,,,, I IDA PAPER P-28 10I * DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A...TYPE AND DATES COVERED January 1993 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Defense and the Economy C-MDA 903 89C 0003i...Fomr 298 (Rev 2-4g) 3Preserked by ANSI Sid, Z39- 2I0 I I I IDA PAPER P-2810() 3 DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY I I David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A

  4. AIM-120 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) (United States)


    Selected Acquisition Report (SAR) RCS: DD-A&T(Q&A)823-185 AIM-120 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) As of FY 2017 President’s...17, 2013 Program Information Program Name AIM-120 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) DoD Component Air Force Joint Participants...December 2015 SAR March 23, 2016 16:04:24 UNCLASSIFIED 5 Mission and Description The Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) AIM-120

  5. Study on Missile Intelligent Fault Diagnosis System Based on Fuzzy NN Expert System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    In order to study intelligent fault diagnosis methods based on fuzzy neural network (NN) expert systemand build up intelligent fault diagnosis for a type of mis-sile weapon system, the concrete implementation of a fuzzyNN fault diagnosis expert system is given in this paper. Based on thorough research of knowledge presentation, theintelligent fault diagnosis system is implemented with artificial intelligence for a large-scale missile weapon equipment.The method is an effective way to perform fuzzy fault diagnosis. Moreover, it provides a new way of the fault diagnosisfor large-scale missile weapon equipment.

  6. Rethinking Defensive Information Warfare (United States)


    electronic warfare, and special information operations. Defensive information operations ensure timely, accurate, and relevant information access...information and information systems. IA, physical security, OPSEC, counter-deception, counter-psyops, CI, EW, and special information operations. Ensure

  7. Surfing China's National Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Guilin


    @@ Following the start of its first test run on August 20, 2009, the website of the Ministry of National Defense (MOD) of the People's Republic of China has logged more than 2 billion hits,from many countries and regions including China, the United States,the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia and Singapore. China National Defense News reporters recently interviewed Ji Guilin, the website's Editor in Chief, on its performance and the feedback of netizens.

  8. 75 FR 76423 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting (United States)


    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  9. 76 FR 28960 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting (United States)


    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  10. 76 FR 28757 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense... (United States)


    ... of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Notice of Availability (NOA) of Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation. SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics...

  11. Anukalpana 2.0: A Performance Evaluation Software Package for Akash Surface to Air Missile System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.S. Raju


    Full Text Available Abstract : "An air defence system is a complex dynamic system comprising sensors, control centres, launchers and missiles. Practical evaluation of such a complex system is almost impossible and very expensive. Further, during development of the system, there is a necessity to evaluate certain design characteristics before it is implemented. Consequently, need arises for a comprehensive simulation package which will simulate various subsystems of the air defence weapon system, so that performance of the system can be evaluated. With the above objectives in mind, a software package, called Anukalpana 2.0, has been developed. The first version of the package was developed at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. This program has been subsequently updated. The main objectives of this package are: (i evaluation of the performance of Akash air defence system and other similar air defence systems against any specified aerial threat, (ii investigation of effectiveness of the deployment tactics and operational logic employed at the firing batteries and refining them, (iii provision of aid for refining standard operating procedures (SOPs for the multitarget defence, and (iv exploring the possibility of using it as a user training tool at the level of Air Defence Commanders. The design specification and the simulation/modelling philosophy adopted for the development of this package are discussed at length. Since Akash air defence system has many probabilistic events, Monte Carlo method of simulation is used for both threat and defence. Implementation details of the package are discussed in brief. These include: data flow diagrams and interface details. Analysis of results for certain input cases is also covered."

  12. A Game-Theoretic History of the Cuban Missile Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank C. Zagare


    Full Text Available This study surveys and evaluates previous attempts to use game theory to explain the strategic dynamic of the Cuban missile crisis, including, but not limited to, explanations developed in the style of Thomas Schelling, Nigel Howard and Steven Brams. All of the explanations were judged to be either incomplete or deficient in some way. Schelling’s explanation is both empirically and theoretically inconsistent with the consensus interpretation of the crisis; Howard’s with the contemporary understanding of rational strategic behavior; and Brams’ with the full sweep of the events that define the crisis. The broad outlines of a more general explanation that addresses all of the foundational questions associated with the crisis within the confines of a single, integrated, game-theoretic model with incomplete information are laid out.

  13. New digital-input transmitter for missile telemetry (United States)

    Rieger, J. L.; Woodworth, P. H.

    It is pointed out that telemetry for aircraft and missiles has been in use by the military and its suppliers since the 1950's, using a variety of frequencies and formats. However, the techniques used in airborne telemetry have changed as a consequence of advances in electronic technology. Use of digital pulse-code modulation instead of the analog time-sampled pulse-amptitude modulation (PAM) produced by an analog commutator has advantages in noise performance in instances where the telemetry link is performing near the threshold of noise. The present investigation is concerned with a digital-input transmitter which accepts binary format directly from a TTL source and has applicability in both standard telemetry and encrypted systems. Attention is given to telemetry modulation systems, data encryption requirements, the modulation interface, and transmitter characteristics.

  14. Optimization of UAV’s Attacks and Defenses Decisions Based on MATLAB%基于MATLAB的无人机攻防决策优化仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佐; 孟凡计; 王玉文


    The air combat decision-making is the core of UAV’s automatic combat,precise and high-efficient decision of attacks and defenses are the most important aspects for combat victory. The paper introduces a method of threat assessment and uses genetic algorithm to optimize the target and firepower distribution. At last A library of maneuvering regulations is built and simulating the evasion trajectory of UAV when it is attacking by a missile.%空战决策是无人机空战的核心,准确高效的攻防决策是空战制胜的关键。介绍了一种威胁评估算法方案;利用遗传算法进行了目标排序与火力分配仿真;建立了机动动作库,并且进行了无人机规避导弹的机动轨迹仿真。

  15. Radar signal analysis of ballistic missile with micro-motion based on time-frequency distribution (United States)

    Wang, Jianming; Liu, Lihua; Yu, Hua


    The micro-motion of ballistic missile targets induces micro-Doppler modulation on the radar return signal, which is a unique feature for the warhead discrimination during flight. In order to extract the micro-Doppler feature of ballistic missile targets, time-frequency analysis is employed to process the micro-Doppler modulated time-varying radar signal. The images of time-frequency distribution (TFD) reveal the micro-Doppler modulation characteristic very well. However, there are many existing time-frequency analysis methods to generate the time-frequency distribution images, including the short-time Fourier transform (STFT), Wigner distribution (WD) and Cohen class distribution, etc. Under the background of ballistic missile defence, the paper aims at working out an effective time-frequency analysis method for ballistic missile warhead discrimination from the decoys.

  16. Missile injuries to the external genitalia: a five year experience in Maiduguri, North Eastern Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Mohammed Dogo


    Conclusions: Genital missile injuries are on the increase with militarization of civilian population. Goals of treatment still remain cosmesis, preservation of erectile and voiding function. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(7.000: 2964-2966

  17. Missile Captive Carry Monitoring and Helicopter Identification Using a Capacitive Microelectromechanical Systems Accelerometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatchell, Brian K.; Mauss, Fredrick J.; Amaya, Ivan A.; Skorpik, James R.; Silvers, Kurt L.; Marotta, Steve


    Military missiles are exposed to many sources of mechanical vibration that can affect system reliability, safety, and mission effectiveness. The U. S. Army Aviation and Missile Research Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) has been developing missile health monitoring systems to assess and improve reliability, reduce life cycle costs, and increase system readiness. One of the most significant exposures to vibration occurs when the missile is being carried by a helicopter or other aviation platform, which is a condition known as captive carry. Recording the duration of captive carry exposure during the missile’s service life can enable the implementation of predictive maintenance and resource management programs. Since the vibration imparted by each class of helicopter varies in frequency and amplitude, tracking the vibration exposure from each helicopter separately can help quantify the severity and harmonic content of the exposure. Under the direction of AMRDEC staff, engineers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a Captive Carry Health Monitor (CCHM) for the Hellfire II missile. The CCHM is an embedded usage monitoring device installed on the outer skin of the Hellfire II missile to record the cumulative hours the host missile has been in captive carry mode. To classify the vibration by class of helicopter, the CCHM analyzes the amplitude and frequency content of the vibration with the Goertzel algorithm to detect the presence of distinctive rotor harmonics. Cumulative usage data are accessible in theater from an external display; monthly usage histograms are accessible through an internal download connector. This paper provides an overview of the CCHM electrical and package design, describes field testing and data analysis techniques used to monitor captive carry identify and the class of helicopter, and discusses the potential application of missile health and usage data for real-time reliability analysis and fleet management.

  18. Robust sliding mode control with ESO for dual-control missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Shang; Shengjing Tang; Jie Guo; Yueyue Ma; Yuhang Yun


    This paper proposes a novel composite dual-control by combing the integral sliding mode control (ISMC) method based on the finite time convergence theory with extended state observer (ESO) for a tracking problem of a missile with tail fins and reaction-jet control system (RCS). First, the ISMC method based on finite time convergence is utilized to design the control law of tail fins and the pulse control of RCS for the dual-control system, ensuring the system with rapid response and high accuracy of tracking. Then, ESO is employed for the estimation of aerodynamic disturbances influenced by the airflow of thruster jets. With the characteristic of high accuracy estimation of ESO, the chattering free tracking performance of the attack angle command and the robustness of the control law are achieved. Meanwhile, the stability of the dual-control system is analyzed based on finite time convergence stability theorem and Lyapunov’s theorem. Final y, numerical sim-ulations demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed design.

  19. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/9: De-Alerting Strategic Ballistic Missiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Connell, Leonard W.; Edenburn, Michael W.; Fraley, Stanley K.; Trost, Lawrence C.


    This paper presents a framework for evaluating the technical merits of strategic ballistic missile de-alerting measures, and it uses the framework to evaluate a variety of possible measures for silo-based, land-mobile, and submarine-based missiles. De-alerting measures are defined for the purpose of this paper as reversible actions taken to increase the time or effort required to launch a strategic ballistic missile. The paper does not assess the desirability of pursuing a de-alerting program. Such an assessment is highly context dependent. The paper postulates that if de-alerting is desirable and is used as an arms control mechanism, de-alerting measures should satisfy specific cirteria relating to force security, practicality, effectiveness, significant delay, and verifiability. Silo-launched missiles lend themselves most readily to de-alerting verification, because communications necessary for monitoring do not increase the vulnerabilty of the weapons by a significant amount. Land-mobile missile de-alerting measures would be more challenging to verify, because monitoring measures that disclose the launcher's location would potentially increase their vulnerability. Submarine-launched missile de-alerting measures would be extremely challlenging if not impossible to monitor without increasing the submarine's vulnerability.

  20. 越肩发射空空导弹发射条件%A Research on Launching Opportunity of Over-the-shoulder(OTS)Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵雨; 张斌; 李浩亮


    越肩发射的使用是有条件的,只有在保证安全的前提下才能使用越肩发射导弹攻击尾后目标,因此,载机攻击时要考虑目标威胁。通过威胁因子法分析空战中威胁载机安全的几个因素,确定各因素在目标总的威胁中所占权值,为载机正确决策提供依据;简要阐述了航迹正切规避法,并说明了使用场合;提出了越肩发射空空导弹的发射时机,基本原则是既能保证载机处于目标威胁区域之外,还要确保目标处于载机导弹的全向攻击区之内。仿真结果表明:载机被目标尾追攻击时做出正确决策可以在保证自身安全的同时将其击落。%Firing of the OTS missile is conditional,and only by ensuring safety can a fighter use the OTS missile to attack the rear target.Therefore,while attacking the rear target the pilot of the fighter should also consider the target's threats to the fighter.Firstly,this paper analyzes several factors those threaten to fighter's safety by a threat-factor method to determine the proportion of each factor,and provides evidences for the pilot to make correct choices.The paper also briefly describes the path tangent avoidance method and illustrates the situations for adopting the method.And then the paper presents a launching opportunity of over the shoulder missile.The basic principle is to ensure that the fighter is beyond the target's threat while the target still can be hit by the OTS missile.The simulation results show that it is necessary for a pilot to make decisions under the enemy's threat,and simultaneously commanding the opportunity of launching over-the-shoulder missile is of great importance to winning the air combat.