WorldWideScience

Sample records for defense military pay

  1. Costs of Military Pay and Benefits in the Defense Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    members are from John T. Warner and Saul Pleeter, “The Personal Discount Rate: Evidence from Military Downsizing Programs,” American Economic Review...Elizabeth Bass , William Carrington, Heidi Golding, Sarah Jennings, Joseph Kile, T.J. McGrath, Carla Tighe Murray, Allison Percy, Dawn Sauter Regan, Chayim

  2. Who Pays for National Defense? Financing Defense Programs in the United States, 1947-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heo, Uk; Bohte, John

    2012-01-01

    Past studies on military expenditures in the United States have primarily focused on the extent to which guns versus butter trade-offs are prevalent without examining this relationship in the context of how other fiscal policy tools are used to pay for defense. Using annual data from 1947-2007, this study examines the relative importance of…

  3. Willingness to pay for defense against weapons of mass destruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvaney, J M; LaBarre, D; Pastel, R; Landauer, M

    2001-12-01

    A survey assessed the willingness to pay for defense against weapons of mass destruction. The results were evaluated according to the benefit to society. The results indicated preferences for increased spending on intelligence gathering, training, and equipment. We concluded that the United States is spending less for weapons of mass destruction defense than the sample population was willing to pay.

  4. Defense Downsizing and Blacks in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    8217IIa NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California AD-A272 415 THESIS DEFENSE DOWNSIZING AND BLACKS IN THE MILITARY by Roy L. Nixon June 1993 Thesis...include security classification) DEFENSE DOWNSIZING AND BLACKS IN TIE MILITARY 12 Plersonal Author(s) Roy L. Nixon 1 3a Type of Report I13b Time Covered...end of the draft. However. the armed forces are now engaged in the process of downsizing , and there is some speculation that blacks may be

  5. United States Civil Military Relations: Defense Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    358–421. 154 Lederman, Reorganizing the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 74. 155 Thomas L. McNaugher and Roger L. Sperry , “Improving Military Coordination...edited by Thomas C. Bruneau and Florina Cristiana Matei, 26–38. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis, 2015. McNaugher, Thomas L. and Roger L... Sperry . “Improving Military Coordination: The Goldwater-Nichols Reorganization of the Department of Defense.” In Who Makes Public Policy: The

  6. 75 FR 65462 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; Department of Defense Military...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ... Military Family Readiness Council AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Renewal of Federal advisory... Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council (hereafter referred to as the ``Council''). FOR... military family readiness by the Department of Defense; and (c) evaluate and assess the effectiveness...

  7. The Role of Special and Incentive Pays in Retaining Military Mental Health Care Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    assistants, and social workers. Our chief sources are the 2009 tables for basic pay, allowances, and S&I pays. The DRM also requires reserve pay, and...social work- ers. A military career in nursing typically requires a registered nurse certification, usually obtained after a bachelor’s degree in nursing ... Basic RMC Total— nurse Total—other Active Component Earnings of Mental Health Professionals 29 We also calculated basic pay, RMC, and total pay

  8. Department of Defense (DOD) Military Casualty/Wounded Warrior

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — SSA initiated this agreement with the Department of Defense (DOD) to transmit to SSA information that will identify military personnel injured or taken ill while in...

  9. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-15

    distribution and deployment. f. level VI - personnel: detail expressed by name, Service , military occupational specialty and unique identification...of one or more weapons with all related equipment, materials, services , personnel, and means of delivery and deployment (if applicable) required for...2016 A-46 JP 1-02 DCRF defense chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear response force DCS Defense Courier Service ; deputy chief

  10. Policies for Managing Reductions in Military End Strength: Using Incentive Pays to Draw Down the Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    lower-performing personnel. A reduction in force need not des- ignate specific individuals for separation but can operate impersonally by setting a...military career to the individual , whereas VSP does. Figure 4.5 Involuntary Separation Pay Compared with Required Voluntary Separation Pay to Meet 90...management challenges. Also, when cuts are deep, personnel who have performed well can face involuntary separation , and this could decrease morale and

  11. Military Retirement: Alternate Final Pay and Cost of Living Indexing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    LIST OF TABLES Table 1.  Military Retirement System Multipliers (from DOD Office of the Actuary , 2012...10  Table 2.  Number of Retirees by Rank (from DOD Office of the Actuary , 2012...Expectancy (from DOD Office of the Actuary , 2012) ..23  Table 5.  HI-3 Valuation in Millions of Dollars

  12. 75 FR 7552 - Exclusion of Certain Military Pay From Deemed Income and Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-22

    ... ADMINISTRATION 20 CFR Part 416 RIN 0960-AF97 Exclusion of Certain Military Pay From Deemed Income and Resources... potentially render the family member ineligible for SSI. We are now incorporating this exclusion and the... these exclusions. Finally, we are revising the punctuation at the conclusion of Sec. 416.1161(a)(25),...

  13. United States Military Non-Disabled Retirement Pay: Let it Stand!

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    military force must be young and vibrant: Most civilian sector pension plans require employees to reach normal retirement age (typically 62-65...to be eligible for an unreduced retirement annuity . However most civilian employers do not require youth and vigor of their employees, nor are they...during the extended field service required over the period 1812- 1861. While the law provided a pension of one-half pay for disabled officers, there

  14. Defense Science Board Task Force on Military Satellite Communication and Tactical Networking. Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    product of the Defense Science Board (DSB). The DSB is a Federal Advisory Committee established to provide independent advice to the Secretary of Defense...December 2014, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD(AT&L)) signed the “Terms of Reference – Defense Science ...Board Task Force on Military Satellite Communication and Tactical Networking.” As a result, the Chairman of the Defense Science Board established a

  15. Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-12

    Military Retirement Budgeting and Costs Military retirement costs , which include all payments to current retirees and survivors, have been rising modestly...Since FY1985, the “accrual accounting ” concept has been used to budget for the costs of military retired pay. The unfunded liability resulting...from this Military Retirement Fund to current retirees. Individual retirees receive their retired pay from the Defense Finance and Accounting Service

  16. Report of the Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    that military separation physicals shall include an assessment of sexual trauma, previously disclosed or undisclosed, during active duty service...comply with these standards. Further, SAPRO must be actively engaged in prevention policy development and legislation. Defense Task Force on Sexual ...SAPRO develop training policies and exercise oversight over Military Service training programs. Sexual assault prevention and response training must

  17. 75 FR 65460 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military Academy Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ... Academy Board of Visitors AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Renewal of Federal advisory... Department of Defense gives notice that it is renewing the charter for the United States Military Academy... Academy, including the following: morale and discipline, curriculum, instruction, physical equipment...

  18. Defense Business Transformation: DOD Should Improve Its Planning with and Performance Monitoring of the Military Departments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    Management Officer (CMO) and Deputy Chief Management Officer (DCMO) Roles and Responsibilities of the DOD CMO • Ensure DOD’s core business functions...DEFENSE BUSINESS TRANSFORMATION DOD Should Improve Its Planning with and Performance Monitoring of the Military...Government Accountability Office Highlights of GAO-17-9, a report to congressional addresses December 2016 DEFENSE BUSINESS TRANSFORMATION DOD Should

  19. FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    services, post-separation medical and dental coverage, career counseling, financial planning, employment and re-employment rights , and veterans...available at http://thinkprogress.org/ lgbt /2011/05/11/177408/navy-marriage-rescind/. FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military...raised that the possibility or actuality of military deployments may encourage courts to deny custodial rights of a service member to a former spouse

  20. Contemporary Chinese Defense Industry Reforms and Civil–Military Integration in Three Key Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Francis, Ed; Puska, Susan M

    2010-01-01

    This brief highlights key points on three Chinese government and military organizations involved in managing defense science, technology, and industry: 1) the State Council’s State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND); 2) the General Armament Department (GAD) of the People’s Liberation Army; and 3) the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology’s Civil–Military Integration Promotion Department (CMIPD). This brief calls attention to im...

  1. Chinese Responses to U.S. Military Transformation and Implications for the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    capability, warning capability, and anti-air ____________ 43 Chen Fangyou ( ), Naval Campaign Teaching Materials ( ), Bei- jing: National Defense...because the enemy may simply unplug the network, denying access to the target set, or patch the relevant vul- nerabilities, thus obviating all prior...for DoD Chen Fangyou ( ), Naval Campaign Teaching Materials ( ), Beijing: National Defense University Press, 1991. Chen Huan, “The Third Military

  2. VA (Veterans Administration) can Reduce Excess Disability Payments by Improving Pay Data Exchange with the Military Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    Recoup the additional $385,000 on the 64 separation payment cases GAO identified where the recoupment balance was understated. -- Follow Agency appeal...D-R157 613 Vfi (VETERANS ADMINISTRATION) CAN REDUCE EXCESS / DI SRILITY PAYMENTS BY IMP..(UL) GENERAL ACCOUNTING U U LASI E OFFIC WASHINGTON DC...Affairs < VA Can Reduce Excess Disability Payments By Improving Pay Data * Exchange With The Military Services Federal law requires that the Veterans

  3. FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-29

    maternity leave as, “a convalescent period up to 6 weeks following pregnancy and childbirth .” The new policy, as announced, extended the period of...Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues Congressional Research Service 44 Title Summary clandestine human intelligence collection

  4. Using the Oldest Military Force for the Newest National Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Claus

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The National Guard is establishing Cyber Mission Teams (CMT that will fulfill a federal role to backfill active duty defending Department of Defense networks, but are also exploring how they could effectively fulfill state missions. The President, Council of Governors, and USCYBERCOM Commander have expressed concerns about U.S. critical infrastructure cyber network vulnerabilities and the increasing magnitude of threat our adversaries pose to those networks’ security. This article explores using this emerging National Guard capability in a state role for protection of critical infrastructure cyber networks. Most of the critical infrastructure is privately owned. Although current executive orders and policy mandate government sharing of cyber threat information, private providers’ reciprocation of sharing their vulnerabilities is voluntary. This article contends that effective cyber defense requires strong private-public partnerships. We developed a critical infrastructure cyber defense model based upon key characteristics from the literature on private-public partnerships and performed a case study of current cyber defense partnerships to validate the model. Our research shows this model to be a useful guide for emerging National Guard Cyber Mission Forces to consider when establishing partnerships for effective critical infrastructure cyber defense.

  5. FY2014 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    potentially affect the welfare of military children as well as servicemembers’ ability to effectively serve their country. (See U.S. Department of...Background: The Transitional Assistance Management Program (TAMP) provides 180 days of premium-free transitional medical and dental benefits after...mental health. These provisions deal with varied mental health concerns, including post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury

  6. 2005 Defense Economics Conference: Perspectives on the Military Medical Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-22

    Business Administration from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. 4 It is my distinct pleasure to introduce and welcome Dr...the commission chairman was VA Secretary Principi , who, having served in the military, and then at the VA helm for the prior four years—and we’d...Engineering Network, a network of multidisciplinary hospital-based research centers created by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration that

  7. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-30

    Department of Defense. purchase notice agreements — Agreements concerning the purchase of brand -name items for resale purposes established by each...combatant commander’s preparedness assessment report CSR central source registry; combatant commander’s summary report; commander’s summary report

  8. JPRS Report Central Eurasia Military Affairs Defense Industry and Conversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    and organizing complex, ecologi - high interest among defense workers. But let us begin cally clean production operations. The state conversion with...51%, in 1991 it was reduced Ecology " program. These programs will be carried out by to 44% and, based upon 1992’s results, this share will hundreds of...PO "More", Feodosiya Passenger hydrofoil motor ships 7. Program for producing equipment for the "Almaz" Plant, Kiev Equipment for creating plants for

  9. The Federal Civil Service Workforce: Assessing the Effects on Retention of Pay Freezes, Unpaid Furloughs, and Other Federal-Employee Compensation Changes in the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    of the 2011–2013 pay freeze, the unpaid furloughs in 2013, a wave of retirements of the baby - boom generation, and recent proposals by lawmakers to...Department of Defense (DoD). These pay actions on top of a wave of baby -boomer retirements and various proposals by lawmakers to reduce federal compensation

  10. Defense Management: Comprehensive Cost Information and Analysis of Alternatives Needed to Assess Military Posture in Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    dependents, and/or military forces located in Misawa, Yokota, Camp Zama, Yokusuka, Atsugi, Iwakuni , Kadena, and Futenma (see fig. 6). For example...Japan Air Defense Command headquarters to Yokota Air Base, relocating a carrier air wing from Atsugi to Iwakuni , consolidating several Marine Corps...Dollars) Estimated costse Posture initiative United States Japan Total Japan Carrier air wing ,moving from Atsugi to Iwakuni Not yet estimateda

  11. Military Personnel. Military and Civilian Pay Comparisons Present Challenges and Are One of Many Tools in Assessing Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    factor”—to compensate for those disadvantages of service life (e.g., working conditions, risk of death or injury, and, during war, frequent...and off DOD installations; and, whenever possible, supporting the needs of their personnel for hourly care and preschool programs by expanding the...Marine Corps Reserve, and draw “retainer pay” which is computed on the same formula as retirement pay. When a Fleet Reserve or Fleet Marine Corps

  12. Military Compensation: Additional Actions Are Needed to Better Manage Special and Incentive Pay Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-01

    services largely applied key principles of effective human capital management in the design of their S&I pay programs for nuclear propulsion... capital management and used resources efficiently. DOD also has not established related measures to ensure efficient use of resources. Without such...reviews the extent to which S&I pay programs have incorporated human capital management principles and used resources efficiently—and develops

  13. Retention, Incentives, and DoD Experience Under the 40-Year Military Pay Table

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    readiness and flexible personnel management . Reverting to the 30-year table could adversely affect morale and perceptions about the stability and value ...of their careers . Chapter Four summarizes the themes emerging from our interviews of military person - nel experts, civilian and military, who have...should continue through the full range of service to 9 The personal discount rate is the rate at which an individual values a dollar available one

  14. Divorce, Race, and Military Service: More than Equal Pay and Equal Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teachman, Jay D.; Tedrow, Lucky

    2008-01-01

    Several researchers have suggested that the persistently higher rate of divorce among Blacks may be due to hard-to-measure concepts such as culture or norms. To attack this problem, we use data from the NLSY-79 to examine the risk of divorce among enlisted active-duty military servicemen where economic differences and the negative effects of…

  15. Department of Defense Financial Management Regulation. Volume 8. Civilian Pay Policy and Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    numbers which are called Seguro , or Treaty. Panamanian social security, and individual personal, that are used for various reporting Jt; a. Pre-Treaty...Civilian Pay for CSRS and FERS Employees ............. 140 Table 4-2, Percentage Rates of FICA ( Social Security/Medicare) Deduction and Total Maximum Tax 141...Transfer System "SCD Service Computation Date SES Senior Executive Service SI Standard Form SSA Social Security Administration SSN Social Security Numbl.r

  16. MEASURES OF LOCAL ANTI-AIRCRAFT DEFENSE IN ODESSA MILITARY DISTRICT IN FIRST WORLD WAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artem O. Bagdasaryan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Started in 1914 the First World War became the first “total war” of the human history. It was characterized by unprecedented causalities not only among the soldiers but also among civilians. One of its distinctive features was the inhuman attitude to the civilians, which was contributed to breaking the boundaries between armies and civilian society, between front and rear. One of the most effective combat actions against the population became the aviation. The strategic bombardments of the enemy’s rear objects and cities have been widely carried out during the First World War. These circumstances demanded from the authorities of Russian Empire to immediate development and realization of the defensive measures of the population from the air attacks. In the future these measures were united in the system of the Local Anti-aircraft Defense.In this article the author considers the experience of the protection of the population from bombardments in the Odessa Military District. He presents the common protection measures, which were carried out in the different cities of the district, and the conditions of their realization. He shows the activities of the different authorities and organizations in the development of the methods and means of protection of the population. The article discusses the competence of the military and civilian authorities in dealing the protection of the population from air attacks. 

  17. Contemporary Chinese Defense Industry Reforms and Civil–Military Integration in Three Key Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Francis, Ed; PUSKA, Susan M.

    2010-01-01

    This brief highlights key points on three Chinese government and military organizations involved in managing defense science, technology, and industry: 1) the State Council’s State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND); 2) the General Armament Department (GAD) of the People’s Liberation Army; and 3) the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology’s Civil–Military Integration Promotion Department (CMIPD). This brief calls attention to im...

  18. The Taxation of Military Pay and Allowances: A View from 1982.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-08-01

    officer for special entertaining and added social expenses when dealing with foreign dignitaries as a representative of the government or as a Commander of...the Jones decision. Then, in support of its holding that the allowances were taxable in this instance, it distinm;uished Jones by observing that...could be especially difficult to administer equitably under the second proposal. These quickly identifiable military problems only support the conclusion

  19. Department of Defenses 2015 Retirement Plan Cost Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    incentive and recruitment bonuses. The base continuation pay will be equal to 12 2.5 times the SMs monthly basic pay (MCRMC, 2015). FERS employees do not...Department of Defense FERS Federal Employees Retirement System FY Fiscal Year FY16$ Fiscal Year 2016 Constant Dollars MCRMC Military...current retirement system rewards service members (SMs) who pursue a long term military career, it ignores the majority of SMs who fall short of the 20

  20. Secure Multi-party Computation Protocol for Defense Applications in Military Operations Using Virtual Cryptography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Rohit; Joshi, Satyadhar

    With the advent into the 20th century whole world has been facing the common dilemma of Terrorism. The suicide attacks on US twin towers 11 Sept. 2001, Train bombings in Madrid Spain 11 Mar. 2004, London bombings 7 Jul. 2005 and Mumbai attack 26 Nov. 2008 were some of the most disturbing, destructive and evil acts by terrorists in the last decade which has clearly shown their evil intent that they can go to any extent to accomplish their goals. Many terrorist organizations such as al Quaida, Harakat ul-Mujahidin, Hezbollah, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Toiba, etc. are carrying out training camps and terrorist operations which are accompanied with latest technology and high tech arsenal. To counter such terrorism our military is in need of advanced defense technology. One of the major issues of concern is secure communication. It has to be made sure that communication between different military forces is secure so that critical information is not leaked to the adversary. Military forces need secure communication to shield their confidential data from terrorist forces. Leakage of concerned data can prove hazardous, thus preservation and security is of prime importance. There may be a need to perform computations that require data from many military forces, but in some cases the associated forces would not want to reveal their data to other forces. In such situations Secure Multi-party Computations find their application. In this paper, we propose a new highly scalable Secure Multi-party Computation (SMC) protocol and algorithm for Defense applications which can be used to perform computation on encrypted data. Every party encrypts their data in accordance with a particular scheme. This encrypted data is distributed among some created virtual parties. These Virtual parties send their data to the TTP through an Anonymizer layer. TTP performs computation on encrypted data and announces the result. As the data sent was encrypted its actual value can’t be known by TTP

  1. Report of the Defense Science Board task force on military system applications of superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-10-01

    The Task Force found a number of superconductivity applications that could result in significant new military capabilities, including electronics and high power applications. In particular, superconducting materials could enable significant military improvements in: Magnetic Field Sensors with greatly increased sensitivity for improved detection and identification capability; Passive Microwave and Millimeter-wave Components enabling increased detection range and discrimination in clutter; Staring Infrared Focal Plane Array sensors incorporating superconducting electronics permitting significant range and sensitivity increases over current scanning IR sensors; Wideband Analog and Ultra-Fast Digital Signal Processing for radar and optical sensors; High Power Motors and Generators for ship and aircraft propulsion leading to: decreased displacement; drive system flexibility; increased range; or longer endurance on station; Magnets/Energy Storage for high power microwave, millimeter-wave or optical generators (e.g., free electron laser); capability for powering quiet propulsion systems; Electro-Magnetic Launchers capable of launching hypervelocity projectiles for antiarmor weapons and close-in ship defense weapons; and Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Propulsion enabling ultra quiet drives for submarines, torpedoes, and surface ships.

  2. DEFENSE SYSTEM TO EXPLORE ON MILITARY CASTLE OF HAILONG TUEN%古代军事城堡海龙屯防御体系探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李亮; 但文红; 吴孟珊

    2013-01-01

    建于13世纪中期海龙屯是中国军事防御城堡的杰出代表,是西南地区播州土司文化军事领域的重要遗迹.海龙屯城堡在军事防御思想、堡址选择、军事防御体系布防等方面体现了冷兵器时代“以弱御强”的战略防御思想.借自然天险筑军事城堡,设立远、中、近的军事防御体系,屯兵于民,建立自给自足的军事给养保障,是海龙屯军事城堡防御思想的集中体现.%Hailong tuen is outstanding representative of China's military defense castle and it was built in middle of 13 th century . It is an important historical remains of sowing state toast culture of military field in southwest. The military defense thought of the age of cold" to the weak strong " is reflected by Hailong tuen in the aspects of the military defense thought, fort address selection, military defense system etc. The military castle defense concentration system of Hailong tuen depends natural , setting up far, medium and near military defense system, assembled troops in people , and established self - sufficient military supplies security.

  3. Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military. Volume 2. Estimates for Department of Defense Service Members from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    the legal definitions of sexual assault and sexual harassment, whether they know their obligations for investigat- ing and reporting such events...National Guard duty LGBT lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender MEO military equal opportunity NCOA National Change of Address NDRI RAND National Defense...unwanted experiences but that experience did not meet all of the UCMJ definitional criteria of sexual assault. Air Force rates of unwanted events are

  4. An assessment of Turkish Defense Industry and Turkey's efforts to transfer military technology: strategies for arming the future

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    The end of the cold war has created a safer environment for most nations and reduced the need for fielding huge armed forces and vast investments for defense. However, due to her very special strategic position and historical responsibilities, Turkey still faces a range of substantial threats to its national interests, physical security, economic well being. These threats require the maintenance of a broad set of military capabilities in order to deter, and if necessary, to fight and win any ...

  5. The Military Power of the People’s Republic of China. A Report to Congress Pursuant to the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Paper identifies the “ technological gap resulting from the Revolution in Military Affairs” as a development that will have a “major impact on China’s...the expanding technological gap between modern military forces and those of developing countries. The 2004 Defense White Paper identifies the... technological gap resulting from the revolution in military affairs” as having a “major impact on China’s security.” These concerns have prompted

  6. An Assessment of Military Influence on Soviet Defense Policy and the Party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-01

    society including the military. This is emphasized in public education, in special political education courses for civilians and in military training...He is responsible for the political education of the troops, maintenance of troop morale, sponsorship of social and cultural events and the political

  7. Revolutions in Russian Military Thought: Implications for U.S.-Russian Defense Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-18

    Soviet military thought was characterized by a considerable amount of pragmatism and spirited debate. 7 Leon Trotsky initially played the role of the...Magician as he vigorously argued for the preservation of the people’s militia system created by him during the Civil War. According to Trotsky , the system...dispute was Mikhail Frunze who eventually replaced Trotsky as Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs in 1925. Frunze believed that, for reasons of

  8. Department of Defense Annual Report on Sexual Assault in the Military. Fiscal Year 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Health  Physical Health  Trauma Injuries  Types of Assault  Victim Emotions  Trauma Meanings  Biological System Responses  Mental...and (2) additional requirements for trial counsel. From 1 October 2009 to 30 September 2010, judge advocates and paralegals received training in a...office military justice system to those judge advocates and paralegals who are currently or soon will be either the chief of military justice or the

  9. World society and the transformation of national defense: exploring world cultural impact on security and military

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, I explore the applicability of sociological institutionalism for the analysis of security and the military. Based on cross-sectional data from 50 countries, I show how values linked to the nation state and security are related to world cultural ideas and the diffusion of rationalized organizational models. Such linkage could explain the transformation of the military as a common and worldwide trend, being based on political and societal preconditions that converge across countr...

  10. 76 FR 78958 - Bureau of Political Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-20

    ... Ministry of Defense of Malaysia. The United States Government is prepared to license the export of these... manufacture of the M72A5 Light Anti-Armor Weapon (LAW) system for the Canadian Department of National Defense... domestic law enforcement and government agency customers in the approved sales territory. The United...

  11. Military Deployments and Children's Academic Achievement: Evidence from Department of Defense Education Activity Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Rozlyn C.; Gallagher, Luke B.; Lyle, David S.

    2010-01-01

    Household disruptions--such as divorce, relocation, and parental absence--have long concerned researchers interested in the educational attainment of children. Here, we consider a plausible source of exogenous variation in work-related parental absences--military deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan in the 2002-2005 period. Combining the…

  12. Department of Defense Annual Report on Sexual Assault in the Military, Fiscal Year 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-22

    institutions of higher learning (all state colleges), Rape Crisis Centers (Day One), RICADV, Homeless Veterans Agencies, focus groups, etc., meet...assault crisis hotline for Service members;  Establish an easily remembered DoD Safe Helpline number similar to website name;  Continue training all...SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE MILITARY 40 Sustained the DoD Safe Helpline The DoD Safe Helpline is a confidential, anonymous crisis support service for

  13. Natural Resources: Defense and Interior Can Better Manage Land Withdrawn for Military Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-04-01

    preclude BLM offices from making progress, such monitoring can provide greater assurance of successful resource management At the Goldwater, Greely...is assured . The DoD also agrees that baseline data is needed to assess the cumulative effects of current and proposed military operations on range and...with genezull accepte government auditng gandards Pae so G&MLNSAD-44-6 Natural Remourcei Appendix IX Major Contributors to This Report National

  14. 76 FR 38048 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Pilot Program for Acquisition of Military...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    .... E-mail: dfars@osd.mil . Include DFARS Case 2011-D034 in the subject line of the message. Fax: 703... preceding the solicitation of sources by DoD for the procurement or transaction, any of the following for Do... least the one- year period preceding the solicitation of sources by the Department of Defense for...

  15. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, Introduction to National Defense Modernization %

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    earth satellites, and intercontin- ental balletic missiles were successfully developed, and units that could master and use these weapons and...missile. The required processing by the side that is being attacked is even more complex. A missile is fitted with seven warheads, of which some are...capacity of 1,300 telephone circuits. The Defense Communications Satellite III, which is now being developed, will be fitted with a new multibeam antenna

  16. The French Military Modernization at the End of Nicolas Sarkozy´s Presidency.Can the Goals of the White Paper on Defense Be Attained?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Vilímek

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to assess the fulfilment of goals of the White Paper on Defense in the areas of financing of the French Armed Forces and modernization of their equipment under the presidency of Nicolas Sarkozy. Three indicators for this assessment are defined: the military budget of the French Armed Forces, the acquisition of modern weapon systems and assorted equipment, and extraordinary revenues and expenses of the French defense budget. The article comes to the conclusion that almost from the beginning there were serious difficulties in attaining the projected goals of the White Paper on Defense. In addition, it is concluded that we can expect a reduction of original goals in the course of the ongoing revision of the White Paper on Defense.

  17. Foreign Military Sales: A Growing Concern. Departments of State and Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-06-01

    tipoing the United States by 12 perc0nt~ In lY74 this margin was increased to L 50 percent. Soviet arms wore directed at a few ~ountries with Syria...er the sales market . It is also evident that ~any na~ions want ~ot only the eauipment but also the follow-on support and assistance which, when...restraint in * * * the overall level of u.s. arms sales, the percentage of each national defense market the United States enjoys, the

  18. Symposium by NATO Defense Research Group Panel VIII on Computer-Based Instruction in Military Environments

    CERN Document Server

    Weddle, Peter

    1987-01-01

    This collection of papers is the result of a symposium sponsored by NATO's Defense Research Group Panel VIII in the Spring of 1985. The symposium came into being when it became obvious to the NATO countries that research, development and utilization of advanced technologies for training was the best means of increasing both training effectiveness and efficiency. This symposium was the second in a series of three devoted to training. The series was structured to cover all aspects of training. The first series addressed the value of training, the second one dealt with the application of training technologies and the third and last of the series focused on academic issues concerned with the effect of prior learning on subsequent learning. The fact that a major American publisher has determined that computer based instruction is the technology of greatest interest to the NATO community is not surprising. Advances in microprocessor technology have revolutionized both how and where we train. During this symposium t...

  19. A Study on the Art of Military Defense of Hakka Round Houses%客家围屋军事防御艺术管窥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁君煊

    2015-01-01

    客家围屋是在继承中原汉族民居等传统建筑基础上,适应南岭地区的自然与社会生态而形成的建筑范式,兼有居住与军事防御等功能.其军事防御性主要体现在整体的空间结构与布局.客家围屋一般就地取材,因地制宜,从外围到内围,从空中、楼层、地面到地下,构成纵横交错的立体空间防御体系,具有较强的御敌效果.同时,客家围屋防御性格局折射出客家人出色的生存智慧与人生哲学,是客家精神在军事防御上的形象表达.%Inheriting the tradition of Han residential buildings, Hakka Round Houses take the architectural forms and the function of dwelling and military defense to adapt to the natural and social ecology in Nanling regions. Its strong military defensiveness is mainly reflected in the overall spatial structure and layout, the effect of which is achieved in a complex of three-dimension defense space from the periphery to the inner circle and from the overhead, the floors, the ground floor, to the underground by using local construction materials and adapting to local condition. The defensive pattern reflects their excellent survival wisdom and philosophy of life. It is the image of the Hakka spirit expressed on military defense.

  20. Defense Health Care: Availability and Quality Measurement of Women’s Health Care Services in U.S. Military Hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    not selected randomly, they do not constitute a representative sample of all domestic military hospitals, and the information obtained from these...clinical judgement . The MHS, the Military Services and NCR, and Individual Military Hospitals Used Quality Measures to Identify and Implement

  1. Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military: Volume 2. Estimates for Department of Defense Service Members from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    restoring good order and discipline within the member’s unit. We believe it would be wise to assess service members’ sexual orientation in future studies...demographics, psychological state, command climate, attitudes and beliefs about sexual assault in the military and the nation, and other related issues. 2...for sexual assault that have been identified in prior research on civilian and military samples, with the exception of sexual orientation . We also

  2. In Defense of the Southern Borders of Russia and Allied Countries (the Russian Foreign Military Bases on the Black Sea-Caspian Arc of Tension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir I. Afanasenko

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available December 25, 2014, President Vladimir Putin approved a new version of the military doctrine of the Russian Federation, which reflects manifested threat to Russia and its allies because the situation in Ukraine, especially in its south-east, in the Donets Basin; the events in Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan; issues of interaction and cooperation with Abkhazia, South Ossetia, with the CSTO member countries, the BRICS. An important role in the strengthening of the southern borders of the security operate military bases and facilities of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, located in Transnistria, the Caucasus, Syria and Central Asia. Characteristics of these bases and their value in the Black Sea-Caspian arc of tension given in this article.

  3. Evaluation of Suitability of Selected Set of Department of Defense Military Bases and Department of Energy Facilities for Siting a Small Modular Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poore III, Willis P [ORNL; Belles, Randy [ORNL; Mays, Gary T [ORNL; Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL

    2013-03-01

    This report summarizes the approach that ORNL developed for screening a sample set of US Department of Defense (DOD) military base sites and DOE sites for possible powering with an SMR; the methodology employed, including spatial modeling; and initial results for several sample sites. The objective in conducting this type of siting evaluation is demonstrate the capability to characterize specific DOD and DOE sites to identify any particular issues associated with powering the sites with an SMR using OR-SAGE; it is not intended to be a definitive assessment per se as to the absolute suitability of any particular site.

  4. 75 FR 31505 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-03

    ... for the manufacture and sale of the Goalkeeper Gun Mount. The United States Government is prepared to... components for Turbine Engines and Auxiliary Power Units related to various military aircraft, helicopters... services for the manufacture of military aircraft engine hot section components specifically,...

  5. 76 FR 30751 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    ... of S-434, S-70i and S-76D helicopters to the Ministry of the Interior of Saudi Arabia. The United... taken into account political, military, economic, human rights and arms control considerations. More... the export of these items having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights...

  6. 76 FR 21787 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... Government of Turkey from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The United States government is prepared to license the export of these items having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights, and... account political, military, economic, human rights and arms control considerations. More...

  7. Research on Military and Civilian Integration Level Measurement and Countermeasures in Defense Industry%国防工业军民融合水平测度与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜人淮; 马宇飞

    2016-01-01

    The level of military and civilian integration in defense industry includes the level of breadth ,arrangement and depth ,build the evaluation index system of defense industry civil‐military integration level ,and through the relevant index weight to calculate the corresponding evaluation index .Military and civilian integration level in defense industry is usually influenced and restricted by factors such as economic benefit of civil‐military integration subject ,the institutional arrange‐ments of civil‐military relations and tw o‐w ay transfer of military and civilian technology ,etc .In order to improve the level of military and civilian integration in defense industry ,efforts need to be made to improve the economic benefit of integra‐tion subject ,to perfect institutional arrangements for civil‐military relations and to unblock the two‐way transfer of mili‐tary and civilian technology .%国防工业军民融合水平包括军民融合广度、融合层次、融合深度。构建了国防工业军民融合水平评价指标体系,并通过相关指标权重计算出相应的评价指标值。国防工业军民融合水平受军民融合主体经济效益、军民关系制度安排和军民技术双向转移状况等因素的影响和制约。为了提高国防工业军民融合水平,需提高融合主体的经济效益,完善军民关系制度安排,畅通军民技术双向转移渠道。

  8. Defense Headquarters: DOD Needs to Reassess Personnel Requirements for the Office of Secretary of Defense, Joint Staff, and Military Service Secretariats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    requirements as part of the effort to identify efficiencies as directed by former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates in 2010, as part of the OSD...Director), Tracy Barnes, Gabrielle A. Carrington, Neil Feldman , David Keefer, Carol D. Petersen, Bethann E. Ritter Snyder, Michael Silver, Amie Steele

  9. 32 CFR 1602.17 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military service. 1602.17 Section 1602.17 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 1602.17 Military service. The term military service includes service in the Army, the Navy, the Air...

  10. Department of Defense Birth and Infant Health Registry: Birth Defects Among Infants Born to US Military Families: 2001 Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-30

    large intestinal atresia/stenosis 751.2 Anophthalmia/microphthalmia 743.0, 743.1 Pyloric stenosis 750.5 Congenital cataract 743.30-743.34...occurred in US military families worldwide. Data on birth defects were gathered using nationally standardized definitions for major congenital ...745.4 Congenital hip dislocation 754.30, .31, .35 Atrial septal defect 745.5 Reduction deformity, upper limbs 755.20-755.29 Endocardial cushion

  11. Towards Reengineering the United States Department of Defense: A Financial Case for a Functionally-Aligned, Unified Military Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    he is carrying a grand piano upstairs. (Seib, 1984: np) Despite the arduous challenge, Britain was able to accomplish sweeping defense reform as...measurement techniques for assessing the expected results of reengineering efforts. Organizational Business Process Reengineering BPR...is not unprecedented. The next section highlights tools and techniques that have proven successful in reengineering efforts. These tools and

  12. 76 FR 20800 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... support of an Airborne Intelligence and Surveillance System (AISS) for the Finland Ministry of Defense... Department of State by the applicant, publication of which could cause competitive harm to the United States... could cause competitive harm to the United States firm concerned. Sincerely, Miguel E. Rodriguez...

  13. 军队科研机构推进国防知识产权转化运用%Analysis on the transformation and application of national defense intellectual property rights promoted by military scientiifc research institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹德斌; 张继东

    2016-01-01

    军队科研机构作为国家科技创新体系的重要组成部分,承担了大量科技创新任务,产生了许多具有自主知识产权的高水平科技成果,推动军队科研机构国防知识产权转化运用,是贯彻军民融合发展战略的必要途径。分析了军队科研机构国防知识产权转化的现状及制约转化的现实障碍,并结合实际探讨了推进军队科研机构国防知识产权转化的建议举措。%As an important part of national innovation system, the military research institutions undertake a large number of scientific and technological innovation tasks, produce a number of high level of scientific and technological achievements with independent intelectual property rights, and promote the national defense intelectual property rights by military scientific research institutions into application. It is a necessary way to implement the civil military integration development strategy. The study analyzes current situation of the military scientific research institutions’ national defense intelectual property rights transformation and obstacles restricting transformation, and discusses the measures to promote the transformation of national defense intelectual property rights of the military scientiifc research institutions.

  14. Enhanced job performance: a new role for military compensation

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    This study concentrates on aspects of military and civilian compensation that motivate employees and provide incentives upon which job performance and productivity may depend. The study achieves its end by applying successful attributes of civilian compensation to military remuneration systems. Its main purpose is to judge whether military pay is structured toward a modern view of performance-based compensation and whether it is comparable to civilian pay. At issue is a military pay system th...

  15. Military Preparedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    United States Army War College Department of Command, Leadership , and Management Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, PA Military Preparednessa Dr...Readiness Management Systems A 1991 RAND study differentiated several readiness appraisals, each constituting a “pillar” of readiness management that...The question seems a simple one at the national level, but in defense management practice it is actually two questions rolled into one, and the

  16. Unfolding Green Defense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristian Knus

    2015-01-01

    consumption in military operations, defense expenditure, energy security, and global climate change. The report then proceeds to introduce the NATO Green Defence Framework before exploring specific current uses of green technologies and green strategies for defense. The report concludes that a number...

  17. Modernization of the Military

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s armed forces emphasize development and transformation,says national defense white paper China issued a white paper on national defense on March 31.The document,the seventh of its kind the Chinese Government has issued since 1998,says China will never seek hegemony or adopt the approach of military expansion

  18. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military Academy. 575.1 Section 575.1 National... MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.1 Military Academy. (a) Organization and administration. (1) The United States Military Academy is under the general direction and supervision of the Department of the Army....

  19. A Preliminary Study on the Military Defense of the Jianshui Fortress of the Han Dynasty%汉代肩水塞的布防特点及历史价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶玉乐

    2015-01-01

    位于甘肃省金塔县境内的肩水塞,是汉代“居延塞”防御体系的重要组成部分,历史上,它不仅是居延汉塞中最为重要和关键的军事防御体系,也是居延汉塞赖以存在的重要的屯戍生活区。由于其地处要冲,布防严密,是汉代军事防御体系建设的典范。它是我国汉代这一地区政治、经济、文化、中西交通、民族关系的实物见证,特别是研究汉代军事部署与军事措施的第一手资料,其历史研究价值不言而喻。%The Jianshui Fortress, which is located in Jinta County, Gansu province, was an important part of the defense system of the Juyan fortresses in the Han dynasty. Historically, it was not only the most important and strategic defense site of the Han dynasty fortresses at Juyan, but also an important garrison and living quarter on which the Han dynasty fortresses depended. With a strategic position and tight defenses, it was a gem of the Han dynasty military defense system and provides invaluable material for studying Han dynasty military deployment and military procedures. The Jianshui Fortress further bears direct witness to the politics, economy, culture, Sino-Western communication, and minority relations of the Han dynasty.

  20. 军校学员和国防生入伍体检的体会%Experience of Physical Examination about Military Academy and National Defense Student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠; 孙玺荣; 罗克品

    2011-01-01

    军队学员、国防生入伍体检是确保地方合格青年进入部队的一个重要环节,做好体检工作至关重要.为了保证体检工作的质量,医院成立了由医院领导负责的专门组织,由中级以上专业技术职务人员组成体检团队,运用单队列串行服务模式,在实践中形成了一套较完善的体检制度与操作规程,以“严、准、快”为内涵,保证所选拔的学员无一例被退返.%Physical examination of military academy and national defense students is an important step for a youth to be a real soldier. So, a good work for physical examination is very necessary. In order to do a better serv-ice , better management led by the leaders in our hospital, better team made up by intermediate professional titles at least and service mode of serial single - queue were put into practice. As a result, a perfect system and routine practice with the content of "exacting" ,"preciseness" and "speed" was being built up, which ensured no one cho-sen by our hospital was return to examination by higher authority.

  1. Vedr.: Military capacity building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Josefine Kühnel; Struwe, Lars Bangert

    2013-01-01

    Military capacity building has increasingly become an integral part of Danish defence. Military capacity is a new way of thinking Danish defence and poses a new set of challenges and opportunities for the Danish military and the Political leadership. On the 12th of december, PhD. Candidate Josefine...... Kühnel Larsen and researcher Lars Bangert Struwe of CMS had organized a seminar in collaboration with Royal Danish Defense Colleg and the East African Security Governance Network. The seminar focused on some of the risks involved in Military capacity building and how these risks are dealt with from...

  2. Vedr.: Military capacity building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Josefine Kühnel; Struwe, Lars Bangert

    2013-01-01

    Kühnel Larsen and researcher Lars Bangert Struwe of CMS had organized a seminar in collaboration with Royal Danish Defense Colleg and the East African Security Governance Network. The seminar focused on some of the risks involved in Military capacity building and how these risks are dealt with from......Military capacity building has increasingly become an integral part of Danish defence. Military capacity is a new way of thinking Danish defence and poses a new set of challenges and opportunities for the Danish military and the Political leadership. On the 12th of december, PhD. Candidate Josefine...

  3. 5 CFR 831.301 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military service. 831.301 Section 831.301...) RETIREMENT Credit for Service § 831.301 Military service. (a) Service of an individual who first became an... is not receiving military retired pay awarded for reasons other than (i) service-connected...

  4. Military Construction: Process and Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-14

    barracks, schools, hospitals , child development centers, and other facilities needed to support U.S. military forces at home and overseas. This military...Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Security Investment Program The 28 member states of NATO share the expense of common-use facilities by a formula...programs for the acquisition and construction of military facilities and installations and for related expenses for the collective defense of the

  5. 32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215... BOARD Authority/Policy for Departmental Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military... consult legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be prohibited by 18...

  6. 78 FR 25062 - Program for Construction, Renovation, Repair or Expansion of Public Schools Located on Military...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-29

    ... on Military Installations AGENCY: Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA), Department of Defense (DoD... program to construct, renovate, repair, or expand elementary and ] secondary public schools on military... Schools Located on Military Installations. Announcement Type: Federal Funding Opportunity. Catalog...

  7. THE DEFENSE PLANNING SYSTEMS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laszlo STICZ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Defense planning in the Alliance is a fundamental element of the arrangements which enable its member countries to enjoy the crucial political, military and resource advantages of collective defense and other common military efforts to enhance security and stability. In this respect, the aim of this paper is to outline the role of the Armed Forces and the specific processes aiming to achieve the ultimate goal of a nation regarding national security, with focus on defense planning and the PDPS.

  8. Defense Business Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    other. SCM and ERP systems both contribute to the overall distribution and coordination of resources. Just as an ERP enhances information flow...inventory management system (Thureen 2008). It combines the Army’s disparate wholesale and retail inventories, into one combined system (Sparacino 2002...Studies.............................................................................. 73 1. Defense Integrated Military Human Resource System

  9. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional information...

  10. Romania’s Experiences with Defense Reform Since the December 1989 Revolution and the Dimensions of Civil-Military Relations Viewed as a Trinity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    in the United States. Cornell Studies in Security Affairs. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1992. Fluri, Philipp, Gustav E. Gustenau...Contemporary Problems, Vol. 29, No. 1, Government Contracts: Part I, (Winter, 1964): 3-18. Moreau , Gary. “What the Military can Teach Corporate

  11. Cementing Military Bonds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    China and the United States incorporate military cooperation into their strategic dialogue The recently concluded fifth round of the China-U.S.Strategic Dialogue with its special focus on defense was an instrumental first step for the two countries to advance their mili- tary relations through formal discussions,

  12. 75 FR 5289 - Defense Health Board (DHB) Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... Defense Health Board Subcommittees will present updates to the Board: National Capital Region Base... Forces, Military/ Occupational Health and Medical Surveillance, and the Psychological Health...

  13. Military Benefits for Former Spouses: Legislation and Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-06

    their status as regular or reserve officers, or when they entered federal civilian service, was to be reduced or capped at certain limits. There were...pay. For example, military retirees who take federal civilian jobs and then retire from those jobs can waive their military retired pay and credit...pay and veteran disability compensation, (3) interactions with other federal retirement systems, (4) effects in cases of early separation of service

  14. Defense Science Board 1996 Summer Study Task Force On Tactics and Technology for 21st Century Military Superiority. Volume 2, Part 1. Supporting Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-10-01

    Nancy Chesser • Defense Science Board member ** Members Ex Officio Volume 2, Part 1, Conops 1- Leading Edge Strike Force Volume 2, Part 1, Conops 1...the Sense and Destroy Armor (SADARM) Munition (U), RAND, 1995, MR-510-A. Matsumura, J., E. Cardenas , K. Horn, E. McDonald, Future Army Long- Range

  15. Information Management in the Department of Defense: The Role of Librarians. Proceedings of the Military Librarians Workshop (24th) 15-17 October 1980, held at Monterey, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    you, I have asked Paul Klinefelter to read my speech. Furthermore, I want to extend to you an invitation: If you are in Washington and wish to talk to...Challenge and the Opportunity, and what your role is. I’m familiar with the very honorable history of this Workshop and the considerable record of...accomplishment in its twenty-four year history . That oeriod has seen librarians and technical information specialists acquire an importance to the Defense

  16. Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Take Further Actions to Prevent Sexual Assault During Initial Military Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    supervisory or command position who uses or condones any form of sexual behavior to control, influence , or affect the career, pay, or job of a military...in the armed forces must have signed parental consent prior to age 18. Page 37 GAO-14-806 Sexual Assault during Initial Training...MILITARY PERSONNEL DOD Needs to Take Further Actions to Prevent Sexual Assault during Initial Military Training

  17. Financial Advice: Who Pays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finke, Michael S.; Huston, Sandra J.; Winchester, Danielle D.

    2011-01-01

    Using a cost-benefit framework for financial planning services and proprietary data collected in the summer of 2008, the client characteristics that are associated with the likelihood of paying for professional financial advice, as well as the type of financial services purchased, are identified. Results indicate that respondents who pay for…

  18. Evaluation of the Military Spouse Employment Partnership: Progress Report on First Stage of Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Military service places distinct demands on service members and their families (U.S. Department of the Treasury and U.S. Department of Defense, 2012...military families (and military spouses in particular), the White House published a directive in 2011 ordering the Department of Defense to expand the Army

  19. 32 CFR Appendix A of Part 216 - Military Recruiting Sample Letter of Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MILITARY RECRUITING AND RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING CORPS PROGRAM ACCESS TO INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION Information requirements. Pt. 216, App. A Appendix A of Part 216—Military... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military Recruiting Sample Letter of Inquiry...

  20. Senior Military Colleges Meet At Virginia Tech

    OpenAIRE

    Lovegrove, Richard L.

    2003-01-01

    Representatives from the nation's six senior military colleges will hear from the Department of Defense and national Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) commanders during the annual Senior Military Colleges Conference at Virginia Tech on Wednesday and Thursday, Sept. 17 and 18 at the Donaldson Brown Hotel and Conference Center.

  1. 32 CFR 644.522 - Clearance of military scrap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Clearance of military scrap. 644.522 Section 644... Excess Land and Improvements § 644.522 Clearance of military scrap. Military scrap can contain or be... determining whether scrap metal will be removed should be the safety of persons coming on the land in...

  2. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Reciprocal state-military action. 634.16 Section... Reciprocal state-military action. (a) Commanders will recognize the interests of the states in matters of POV... formal military reciprocity, the procedures below will be adopted: (1) Commanders will recognize...

  3. 2016 Military Investigation and Justice Experience Survey: Overview Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-01

    not research involving human subjects according to Department of Defense Instruction 3216.02. Military Investigation and Justice Experience Survey...2016 Military Investigation and Justice Experience Survey (MIJES) Overview Report Additional copies of this report may be obtained from...dtic/order.html Ask for report by DTIC # OPA Report No. 2017-003 March 2017 2016 MILITARY INVESTIGATION AND JUSTICE EXPERIENCE SURVEY (MIJES

  4. 32 CFR 635.20 - Military Police Codes (MPC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military Police Codes (MPC). 635.20 Section 635... ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.20 Military Police... attached military police units are notified for mobilization, relocation, activation, or inactivation....

  5. 32 CFR 154.15 - Military appointment, enlistment, and induction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... active duty of any officer or enlisted regular/reserve military retiree or Individual Ready Reserve who... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military appointment, enlistment, and induction... Requirements § 154.15 Military appointment, enlistment, and induction. (a) General. The appointment,...

  6. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  7. 32 CFR 581.3 - Army Board for Correction of Military Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army Board for Correction of Military Records. 581.3 Section 581.3 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERSONNEL PERSONNEL REVIEW BOARD § 581.3 Army Board for Correction of Military Records. (a)...

  8. Modelling Gender Pay Gaps

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARYIntroductionThere has been little change in the full-time gender pay gap since the mid 1990s andin the female part-time/male full-time pay gap since the mid 1970s. The gender gapin hourly earnings for those employed full-time in Britain in 2003 was 18 per cent,while that between women working part-time and men working full-time was 40 percent.This research uses statistical methods to identify how much of the gender pay gap isassociated with different factors. The data set ana...

  9. Military Exposures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Military Exposures Veterans may have been exposed to a range of chemical, physical, and environmental hazards during military service. Reports on Veterans’ Health Care Use What ...

  10. Board affiliation and pay gap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shenglan; Chen; Hui; Ma; Danlu; Bu

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the effects of board affiliation on the corporate pay gap.Using a sample of Chinese listed firms from 2005 to 2011, we find that boards with a greater presence of directors appointed by block shareholders have lower pay gaps. Furthermore, the governance effects of board affiliation with and without pay are distinguished. The empirical results show that board affiliation without pay is negatively related to the pay gap, while board affiliation with pay is positively related to the pay gap. Overall, the results shed light on how block shareholders affect their companies’ pay gaps through board affiliation.

  11. Offset implementations for Turkey's International Defense Acquisitions

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    MBA Professional Report "Offsets" is the umbrella term for a broad range of industrial and commercial "compensatory" practices. Specifically, offset agreements in the defense environment are increasing globally as a percentage of exports. Developed countries with established defense industries use offsets to channel work or technology to their domestic defense companies. Countries with newly industrialized economies are utilizing both military and commercial related offsets that involv...

  12. 48 CFR 237.102-71 - Limitation on service contracts for military flight simulators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contracts for military flight simulators. 237.102-71 Section 237.102-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations... flight simulators. (a) Definitions. As used in this subsection— (1) Military flight simulator means any... military department or defense agency acquiring a military flight simulator, the contracting officer shall...

  13. Sixty years of the Military technical courier: A jubilee in sight

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša N. Gaćeša

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2012, the Military Technical Courier, a scientific journal of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Serbia, marks the 60th anniversary of its regular and continuous publishing. The Military Technical Courier was founded by a decree of the Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav Army in August 1952 in order to continue the tradition of five reviews of military branches and services (Artillery Courier, Tank Courier, Military Engineering Courier, Courier of Communications in the Yugoslav Army and Logistics and Support of the Yugoslav Army which had been covering tactics and technique issues from 1947 to 1952. According to the founding act, the main tasks of the Military Technical Courier were 'to consider and study issues regarding armament, technical and other material equipment of the branches and services concerning the knowledge of the materials, their handling, application, effects, storage, repair and upgrading as well as to deal with technical issues of the organization, war experience of logistic services and military traffic and evacuation'. Chief of the General Staff's decree of 16th December 1952 founding the first editorial board that 'has a directive to be responsible for the review editing' was followed by the first issue of the Military Technical Courier in January 1953. The Military Technical Courier will pay special tributes to the military technical publications published in our country before 1945 (in the Kingdom of Serbia, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians and later the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The following reviews represent the foundations of the Serbian military technology reasoning: Artillery and Engineering Courier (1905-1906, Artillery Courier (1926-1932, Infantry and Artillery Courier (1933-1941, Engineering Courier (1929-1940, Aviation Courier (1927-1941 and Nautical Courier (1933-1940. There is no doubt that their quality and professional profiles paved also the way to today's Military Technical Courier

  14. Interpretation of the Mechanisms in the Defensiveness of Military Fortresses at Ming Great Wall%明长城军事防御体系内部机制解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范熙晅

    2014-01-01

    明长城军事防御体系历史悠久,地域广阔,加之特殊的地理背景,内部结构及运作机制十分庞杂。过往研究多关注单一或主要元素等分析,而其作为一个有机的整体,多要素、多层次、多元化背景缺一不可,其整体属性亦应深入剖析。结合历史地理学、人类学、民族学相关理论,运用总体论方法、地图法、文献资料法等,逐层剖析明长城的系统结构与层级体系,以整体史观,着眼长城两侧明蒙双方,从文化传播、经济流通、人口迁移等方面,解读“边缘”地带的特殊机制,从而指出其表现出的层级性、防御性、流通性。%As a historical, vast, diversity area, the Ming Great Wal has a complex internal structure and mechanism. Previous research mainly focus on analyzing of single or major element, and yet the Ming Great Wal is an organic whole, its properties, such as multi-element, multi-level and diverse backgrounds, is indispensable, and should be in-depth analysis. Combined with historical geography, anthropology, ethnology, etc., using the general theory methods, maps, and literature method, to analyze the Ming Great Wal system structure and hierarchy. Keeping a global historical view, focusing on both sides between Ming and ancient Mongolia, from cultural transmission, economic exchange, and migration, to interpret the special mechanisms in the defensiveness of military fortresses. Thus pointing out that Ming Great Wal is a hierarchical, defensive, liquidity zone in Ming Dynasty.

  15. Application of passive defense in urban housing planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Kamran

    2013-01-01

    financial losses in residential areas during the crisis. The research method was descriptive - analytical. Data were gathered and analyzed through sources and documents available in libraries.3– DiscussionUrban housingHousing is one of the affective indicators in the mortality caused by military invasion to the cities. Since housing is known as the basic of urban fabric. The housing issue is broad and complex and has various dimensions. Housing has a physical location and is regarded as a shelter, basic and primary need of individuals. In this shelter, some of the family or individual's primary needs such as food, rest, and protection against environmental conditions are met (Pourmohammadi, 2009, 3. Housing planning is part of the urban planning in which residential units are considered as part of the deformed and adopted spaces which will be considered with regard to their subjects in the housing planning framework. Based on this, housing planning deals with allocating habitable spaces to needs of residential housing and paying attention to the limitation of resources and the use of special techniques, theories with social, cultural, political and economic frameworks.Passive defense principles in the design and construction of urban human settlementsDefensive architecture of the building is presented in order to get ready for more attacks against military and other natural disasters. Passive defense considerations in housing are crystallized in three categories of architecture, structural strength and installations. In architecture, attending principles such as optimal site selection and layout of buildings, the proper dispersion, observing such principles as camouflage, concealment and deception principles and high-grade restoration of interior architecture of buildings is important (Faraji Mollaei and Azimi, 2011, 998. The structural arrangement and connection with surrounding areas has provided great resources to save lives and has improved the system performance and

  16. Obesity and the US military family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Sbrocco, Tracy; Theim, Kelly R; Cohen, L Adelyn; Mackey, Eleanor R; Stice, Eric; Henderson, Jennifer L; McCreight, Sarah J; Bryant, Edny J; Stephens, Mark B

    2013-11-01

    This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family-several of which are proposed herein. Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations. Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society.

  17. Study on Self-esteem, Self-efficacy and Personality of National Defense Students in Military College%任职院校国防生自尊、自我效能感及个性特征的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于航

    2012-01-01

    Objective to learn about the self-esteem, self-efficacy and personality of national defense students in military college, in order to provide reference for their mental health education. Methods A total of 535 male national defense students in military college were tested by self-esteem scale ( SES), general self-ef- ficacy scale (GSES) and Eysenck personality questionnaire(EPQ). Results Major and to be student leader or not are concerned to the self-esteem of the national defense students in military institute ; to be only child or not is concerned to the self-efficacy. The personality of the national defense students is slightly same to that of the military students and servicemen, but is different from that of the university students. Conclusions to improve the mental health of the national defense students, their self-esteem and self-efficacy are the focus.%调查任职院校国防生自尊、自我效能感状况及其个性特征,为任职培训期间开展教育和管理工作提供参考。采用自尊量表(SES)、一般自我效能感量表(GSES)、艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)以及自编问卷方法,对535名任职院校国防生进行调查。结果显示:任职院校国防生自尊水平与专业、是否学员骨干等因素有关;自我效能水平与居住地等因素有关;任职院校国防生人格特征与军校生和军人群体相对接近,但与大学生群体有所不同。可见,对任职院校国防生进行教育管理时,应该重点从提高国防生的自尊和自我效能感水平入手,更好地维护和提高国防生在任职培训期间的心理健康水平。

  18. Toward Efficient Military Retirement Accrual Charges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    pay bill W1.8 The second equation implies that the change in total cost under a single NCP equals the change under a service-specific NCP plus two...of future active- duty members and military retirees, projections of pay growth, price growth for cost -of-living-adjustments, estimates of mortality...those entering from that day forward, then the accrual cost in each year from then on would include the liability of each entering cohort plus the

  19. 5 CFR 9901.364 - Foreign language proficiency pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Foreign language proficiency pay. 9901.364 Section 9901.364 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND... particular language skills; (3) The difficulty of recruiting or retaining employees with the same...

  20. 5 CFR 9901.352 - Setting an employee's starting pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Setting an employee's starting pay. 9901.352 Section 9901.352 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND...., availability of candidates and labor market rates); (2) Specialized skills, knowledge, and/or education...

  1. Military Benefits for Former Spouses: Legislation and Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    retiree’s retired pay as a part of a divorce property settlement in a community property state. In response, Congress enacted the Uniformed Services... divorce cases. However, state laws may vary on these concepts. The USFSPA makes no assumption of such a division nor does it presume how much of a...frequently cited issues include (1) definition of disposable retired pay, (2) effects from new laws concerning concurrent receipt of military retired pay

  2. Coercion and Governance in China: Analyzing Civil-Military Relations in the Post-Deng Era Using Multiah Alagappa’s Analytical Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    recruitment processes, promotions and appointments of senior military leadership, military legal systems , and command and control structures. (3...appointments and rotations of high-level military personnel, defense budgets, and the military legal system .71 The CCP exercises civilian control... legal system has increasingly consolidated under civilian control. According to the PRC Constitution, military courts are placed under the ultimate

  3. The Transgender Military Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Dietert

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Although there have been studies that focus on the experiences of the gay and lesbian population serving in the United States military, few have focused on the experience of active duty transgender service members. Transgender individuals transgress the binary conception of gender by deviating from societal gender norms associated with assigned sex at birth. The Department of Defense has set policies and standards that reflect a binary conception of gender, with a focus on conformity. We argue that able-bodied gender variant service personnel are just as capable of serving their country as anyone else. Because of the repercussions associated with active duty transgender military personnel, our sample is small and involves nine clandestine service members and two international service members who wanted to share their stories from a different perspective. Snowball sampling was aimed at finding current active duty and reserve transgender service members. Using a combination of telephone interviews and questionnaires, data were collected from active duty transgender service personnel throughout the United States and two from international militaries that allow transgender people to serve. Data collection focused on the overall experiences of the participants along with questions regarding workplace discrimination, suggestions for policy changes, and their views about the overturn of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell. Our findings add to a growing source of information about the transgender military experience in the U.S. armed forces and the importance of overturning discriminatory workplace policies that negatively impact transgender service members.

  4. Nanomaterials for Defense Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turaga, Uday; Singh, Vinitkumar; Lalagiri, Muralidhar; Kiekens, Paul; Ramkumar, Seshadri S.

    Nanotechnology has found a number of applications in electronics and healthcare. Within the textile field, applications of nanotechnology have been limited to filters, protective liners for chemical and biological clothing and nanocoatings. This chapter presents an overview of the applications of nanomaterials such as nanofibers and nanoparticles that are of use to military and industrial sectors. An effort has been made to categorize nanofibers based on the method of production. This chapter particularly focuses on a few latest developments that have taken place with regard to the application of nanomaterials such as metal oxides in the defense arena.

  5. 军民融合背景下我国国防科技体系面临的市场风险及其应对策略%Research on Market Risk and Corresponding Countermeasures Facing the National Defense Science and Technology System under the Background of Military and Civilian Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤琳; 陈仕平

    2015-01-01

    Under the background of civil military integration ,with the deepening of marketization ,the com‐modity ,factor ,capital ,technology and information market of national defense science and technology sys‐tem full or partial release result in market risks .Based on the in-depth analysis of the origin of the mar‐ket risk under the background of civil military integration ,the paper put forward the corresponding coun‐termeasures w hich are introducing the comprehensive risk management system and establishing a sound risk control mechanism ;perfecting the related system and constructing a benign operation system of the national defense science and technology ;strengthening the core capacity of military enterprise and impro‐ving the competitive ability of national defense science and technology system ,etc .%军民融合背景下国防科技体系市场化程度加深导致其面临的商品市场、要素市场、资本市场、技术市场、信息市场等全面或部分放开,从而产生了不容忽视的市场风险。文章在深入分析军民融合背景下我国这些市场风险产生的根源和成因的基础上,提出了全面引入风险管理制度,建立健全风险防控机制;完善相关制度,构建国防科技体系良性运转的制度体系;加强军工企业核心能力建设,提高国防科技体系竞争能力等对策。

  6. 5 CFR 9901.334 - Eligibility for pay increase associated with a supplement adjustment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND LABOR RELATIONS SYSTEMS (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL... ratings of record for the most recently completed appraisal period, are eligible to receive any pay... applicable general salary increase as described in § 9901.323(b). Performance-Based Pay...

  7. Military Retirement Fund Audited Financial Statements. Fiscal Year 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-04

    the payment of pensions to retired military personnel, annuities to eligible survivors, and special compensation for certain disabled retirees. C...Balance not yet Disbursed represents the amount of earned and accrued pension and annuity payments. The MRF balance represents benefits payable on...to pay pensions to retired military personnel and annuities to their survivors. The Military Retirement System is a single-employer, defined benefit

  8. The Poor Pay More.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folse, Kimberly A.

    2002-01-01

    Describes a sociology experiential learning assignment where students learned why people living in poverty can sometimes pay more for products than people with better incomes. Focuses specifically on the rent to own concept. States students achieved the goal of learning how life constraints of poverty can hinder the poor from overcoming their…

  9. Paying for Payments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Søren

    Do consumers and merchants use the most efficient payment instruments? I examine how interchange fees, which are fees paid from merchants' banks to consumers' banks when card transactions take place, influence the choice between cash and payment cards. I show that when consumers do not pay...

  10. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 555 - Director of Defense Research and Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Director of Defense Research and Engineering A... Engineering June 14, 1974. Memorandum for Assistant Secretaries of the Military Departments (R&D) Subject: Non... Engineering Assistant Secretary of Defense (Comptroller). Subject: Non-Defense Work in DOD Laboratories and R...

  11. Military and diplomatic roles and options for managing and responding to the proliferation of ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction. Final report: Program on Stability and the Offense/Defense Relationship

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hallenbeck, R.A.; Gill, J.M.; Murray, B.L.

    1993-05-26

    The March seminar, ``Military and Diplomatic Roles and Options`` for managing and responding to proliferation, featured three presentations: the military and diplomatic implications of preemptive force as a counterproliferation option; an in-depth assessment of the threat posed by biological weapons; and, a new proposed US counterproliferation policy.

  12. Military Strategy vs. Military Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfoed, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    The article argues that while doctrine represents the more scientific side of warfare, strategy represents the artistic side. Existing doctrine will almost never meet the requirements for winning the next war; it is through the artistic application of generic peacetime doctrine to the specific st...... strategic and operational context, using doctrine as building blocks for a context specific military strategy, that the military commander outwits and defeats or coerces the adversary and achieves the military objectives....

  13. Ethical Guidelines and Practices for US Military Medical Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-03

    JS. Utilitarianism . Hackett Publishing Company; 1979. 143. Thomasma DC, Marshall PA. Clinical medical ethics : cases and reading. New York, NY: New...Defense Health Board Defense Health Board Ethical Guidelines and Practices for U.S. Military Medical Professionals March 3, 2015 [This page...22042-5101 DEFENSE HEALTH BOARD MEMORANDUM FOR ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR HEALTH AFFAIRS SUBJECT: Ethical Guidelines and Practices for

  14. Is Military Disability Compensation Adequate to Offset Civilian Earnings Losses from Service-Connected Disabilities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buddin, Richard; Han, Bing

    2012-01-01

    The Departments of Defense and Veterans' Affairs (DoD and VA) pay about $35 billion in disability compensation to about 3.2 million veterans each year. Their disabilities range from battlefield injuries to health conditions like diabetes and asthma. This research examines the adequacy of disability compensation to offset the reduction in civilian earnings opportunities that are associated with service-connected disabilities (SCDs). The authors focus on cohorts of veterans who left active military service between fiscal year (FY) 1993 and FY 2004. They track these veterans' civilian earnings and labor force participation for up to 12 years, from 1994 through 2005, compare the labor-market success of veterans with and without SCDs, and recommend changes to disability compensation.

  15. Military Marvels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The crucial role played by China’s military since the Sichuan earthquake has endeared them to the country more than ever August 1 is the founding anniversary of China’s People’s Liberation Army(PLA).It’s a date with particular public resonance this year because of the crucial role the military has played

  16. Assessment of Local, State and Federal Request Processes for Defense Support to Civil Authorities in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    Emergency Support Function, Military Logistics , Pre-scripted Mission Assignment, Defense Coordination Officer/ Element, USC Title 10/ 32 Forces...Telecommunications Management • Transportation Management It details the logistics functions that will be the focus of the military logistics capabilities

  17. Paying by the Barrel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Francis L.Sackitey; Ghana

    2012-01-01

    CHINA'S UNIPEC Asia Co. Ltd. will buy up the entire oil share from Ghana's Jubilee field for the next 15 years in a commercial agreement entered into by the government of Ghana. Under the agreement, the West African nation will be supplying China with 13,000 barrels of crude oil daily to pay for a $3 billion loan granted to Ghana by China under a Master Facility Agreement with the China Development Bank.

  18. Paying for prominence

    OpenAIRE

    Armstrong, Mark; Zhou, Jidong

    2011-01-01

    We investigate three ways in which firms can become "prominent" and thereby influence the order in which consumers consider options. First, firms can affect an intermediary's sales efforts by means of commission payments. When firms pay commission to a salesman, the salesman promotes the product with the highest commission, and steers ignorant consumers towards the more expensive product. Second, sellers can advertise prices on a price comparison website, so that consumers investigate the sui...

  19. A Test of U.S. Civil-Military Relations: Structural Influences of Military Reform on the Conflict Between Presidents and Senior Military Commanders During Times of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-30

    103 Thomas L. McNaugher & Roger L. Sperry , Improving Military Coordination: The Goldwater...Thomas L., and Roger L. Sperry . Improving Military Coordination: The Goldwater-Nichols Reorganization of the Department of Defense. Washington, D.C...through biographies of Secretary of War Calhoun and articles on his influence. Roger Spiller’s book, John C. Calhoun as Secretary of War, 1817- 1825

  20. Value-Added Merit Pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twomey, Daniel F.

    The purpose of merit pay is to reward employees for their accomplishments and motivate them to continue improving. Critics of merit pay say the increased extrinsic motivation that it prompts is more than offset by the decrease in intrinsic motivation. Supporters of performance-based pay claim several benefits of the practice. This study addressed…

  1. Austere Defense: Challenges and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    military advice while acquiescing to divestitures, and effectively executing the austere defense cuts required by current law through 2019 and...Could it be that our assessments of risk have, over time, become too conservative? In- deed, even with the effects of full sequestration the United... crunch . Look- ing at overhead, as Douglas Macgregor of Politico magazine reminds us, during World War II, only four four-star generals commanded a

  2. Department of Defense Contractor and Troop Levels in Iraq and Afghanistan: 2007-2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-15

    Specialist Moshe Schwartz Specialist in Defense Acquisition Lawrence Kapp Specialist in Military Manpower Policy August 15, 2016 Congressional Research...Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress, by Moshe Schwartz . The Role of Contractors in Military Operations Throughout its history, DOD has...Background and Analysis, by Moshe Schwartz and Joyprada Swain. 4 See Department of Defense

  3. 32 CFR 1630.14 - Class 1-D-E: Exemption of certain members of a reserve component or student taking military...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... reserve component or student taking military training. 1630.14 Section 1630.14 National Defense Other...: Exemption of certain members of a reserve component or student taking military training. In Class 1-D-E... military college the curriculum of which is approved by the Secretary of Defense; or (b) Has been...

  4. When punishment pays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Gilbert

    2013-01-01

    Explaining cooperation in groups remains a key problem because reciprocity breaks down between more than two. Punishing individuals who contribute little provides a potential answer but changes the dilemma to why pay the costs of punishing which, like cooperation itself, provides a public good. Nevertheless, people are observed to punish others in behavioural economic games, posing a problem for existing theory which highlights the difficulty in explaining the spread and persistence of punishment. Here, I consider the apparent mismatch between theory and evidence and show by means of instructive analysis and simulation how much of the experimental evidence for punishment comes from scenarios in which punishers may expect to obtain a net benefit from punishing free-riders. In repeated games within groups, punishment works by imposing costs on defectors so that it pays them to switch to cooperating. Both punishers and non-punishers then benefit from the resulting increase in cooperation, hence investing in punishment can constitute a social dilemma. However, I show the conditions in which the benefits of increased cooperation are so great that they more than offset the costs of punishing, thereby removing the temptation to free-ride on others' investments and making punishment explicable in terms of direct self-interest. Crucially, this is because of the leveraging effect imposed in typical studies whereby people can pay a small cost to inflict a heavy loss on a punished individual. In contrast to previous models suggesting punishment is disadvantaged when rare, I show it can invade until it comes into a producer-scrounger equilibrium with non-punishers. I conclude that adding punishment to an iterated public goods game can solve the problem of achieving cooperation by removing the social dilemma.

  5. Are You Paying Attention?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    A still understudied area in media research is how people pay attention to news in daily life. To do so, the chapter develops a theoretical framework grounded in news audience research and practice theory. This framework conceptualizes practices as different ways in which attention is directed....... In the concluding discussion, the chapter relates the findings to further perspectives on attention to news specifically and media content more generally. Accordingly, this chapter contributes to cross-media news research by analyzing ways in which people attend to news and how these ways of attending vary across...

  6. 48 CFR 208.7005 - Military interdepartmental purchase requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... purchase requests. 208.7005 Section 208.7005 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Coordinated Acquisition 208.7005 Military interdepartmental purchase requests. Follow the procedures at— (a) PGI 253.208-1 when using DD Form 448, Military Interdepartmental Purchase Request; and (b) PGI...

  7. Military Benefits for Former Spouses: Legislation and Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-06

    regarding military personnel in 42 U.S.C. 659). 4. It allows a military member or retired member to voluntarily designate a former spouse as a...These payments are managed by the Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS).9 In order to be eligible for direct payment, a former spouse must have...dependents of deceased military members and retirees.11 All personnel of the uniformed services who retire on or after September 21, 1972, are

  8. The Great American Divide: The Military-Civilian Gap

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    society. Recruits learn to accept the rank-structured system with its own military lingo , which, for example, even tells time in a way different from...9/11, surprisingly, Pew found that in a comparative analysis , only 47% of the American public rates the military’s sacrifice as greater than that of... Analysis Inc, December 2009) 6, 7. 35 Secretary of Defense for Military Community and Family Policy, Demographics 2010, Profile of the Military

  9. ODA and Military Expenditure | APD et dépenses militaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ODA and Military Expenditure by DAC Members (in Million USD, 2008APD et dépenses militaires des pays membres du CAD (en millions USD, 2008Sources: OECD, DAC; SIPRI Military Expenditure Database.Net ODA Receipts and Military Expenditure in Selected Countries (in Million USD, 2008Recettes nettes d’APD et dépenses militaires d’une sélection de pays (en millions USD, 2008Sources: OECD, Development Co-operation Report 2010, Statistical Annex, Table 25; SIPRI Military Expenditure Database.

  10. Soviet debate on missile defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parrott, B.

    1987-04-01

    Although the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) is meant to cope with the danger of a Soviet nuclear attack, the recent US debate over SDI has paid surprisingly little attention to Soviet views of ballistic missile defense. Despite the existence of a substantial body of pertinent scholarship, the debate has failed to take adequate account of major changes in Soviet ballistic missile defense policy since the mid-1960s. It has also neglected the links between current Soviet military policy and broader Soviet political and economic choices. The Soviets regard SDI not as a novel undertaking to reduce the risks of nuclear war but as an extension of the geopolitical competition between the superpowers. This competition has been dominated in the 1980s, in the Soviet view, by sharply increased US assertiveness and the decline of detente. Viewing SDI as a manifestation of these general trends, Soviet decision makers find the prospect of an unregulated race in ballistic missile defenses and military space technologies deeply unsettling. The deterioration of superpower relations has raised serious doubts in Moscow about the wisdom of Soviet external policy during the 1970s and has provoked sharp internal differences over policy toward the US. Already highly suspicious of the Reagan administration, the elite is united by a general conviction that SDI is an American gambit that may ultimately undercut past Soviet strategic gains and pose a grave new threat to Soviet security. 14 references.

  11. 32 CFR 643.13 - Military requirement for real estate under grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military requirement for real estate under grant... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.13 Military requirement for real estate under grant. When a military requirement arises for real estate which is being used under a grant of non-Army use, the...

  12. The Children of Military Service Members: Challenges, Supports, and Future Educational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Pedro, Kris M. Tunac; Astor, Ron Avi; Benbenishty, Rami; Estrada, Jose; Smith, Gabrielle R. Dejoie; Esqueda, Monica Christina

    2011-01-01

    The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have led to concerning psychological, behavioral, and academic outcomes for children in military families. Of the 1.2 million school-aged children of military service members, only 86,000 actually attend schools administered by the Department of Defense on military installations throughout the world. The remaining…

  13. 78 FR 65977 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will not take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board... of appropriations, the Department of Defense cancelled the meeting of the U.S. Military Academy Board...

  14. 32 CFR 635.14 - Accounting for military police record disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Accounting for military police record disclosure... § 635.14 Accounting for military police record disclosure. (a) AR 340-21 prescribes accounting policies and procedures concerning the disclosure of military police records. (b) Provost Marshals/Directors...

  15. The Military Defense Value of Modern Grand Canal--The Influence of Grand Canal Decline on the Two Opium Wars and the Sino-Japanese War in 1894%近代大运河的军事国防价值--大运河衰败对两次鸦片战争、甲午战争的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健

    2015-01-01

    The Grand Canal is the water passage for grain transport to the capital, going south to north through the Chinese inland, the life line of people and the flow of goods and materials, as well as the corridor of regional culture. At the same time, it is also an important military strategic pass of south and north. In history, it was the scene or associated area of several important military campaigns at home and abroad, thus it has the great function of military defense and logistic support. Since modern time, the failure of several big campaigns of Qing government was directly or indirectly related to this Grand Canal. In the First Opium War, Qing government did not recognize enough the military strategic position of the Canal, and was forced to sign the unequal agreement when the British forces controlled the strategic forts along the Grand Canal, and the water transport passage from south to north broke down; in the Second Opium War, though they set up the Grand Canal defensive line, the Qing forces was defeated as their defensive idea lagged behind; the failure of the Sino-Japanese War in 1894 was directly related to the function that the Grand Canal could not play the role of military equipment transport. Today, as the world cultural heritage, with perfect communication system, the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal should still be paid attention to in its transport function of golden water passage and military strategic value.%大运河是中国内陆贯穿南北的漕运水道,人流物流交通线,区域文化的廊道,同时,它也是一条极为重要的南北军事战略通道,历史上多次成为国内外重大军事斗争的发生地和关联区,许多重要的战争发生在京杭大运河沿岸,因此,它具有重要的军事防御和后勤保障功能。近代以来,清政府几次重大战役的失败都直接或间接与大运河有关。第一次鸦片战争中,清政府对大运河的军事战略地位重视不够,在英军控

  16. The Military Power of the People’s Republic of China. Annual Report to Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Defense White Paper identifies the “ technological gap resulting from the Revolution in Military Affairs” as a development that will have a “major...highlighted to China the expanding technological gap between modern military forces and those of developing countries. The 2004 Defense White Paper...identifies the “ technological gap resulting from the revolution in military affairs” as having a “major impact on China’s security.” These concerns have

  17. Consolidation of Military Pay and Personnel Functions (Copper). Volume II

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-05-01

    as in any system, the commander and staff must perform their roles in providing information in a timely and accurate manner. a. Concepts pertaining to...feminine genders . Exceptions to this use of the words "he" or "his" will be so noted. 8. RECOMMENDED CHANGES AND COMMENTS. Users of this manual are...II-lO-Aq3 S NO CAH TR TION NCL IN 0’ SECTION 2 co P ? PAGE YES YES II-10-A43 MAKE CORRECTIONS LOG IN OTL SEPARATE DOCUMENTS Orl, OTL DOCUMENTS ORIG

  18. Enhancing Air Base Defense Through Joint Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Warfare, 258. 40 Tse-Tung, Mao Tse-Tung on Guerrilla Warfare, 27. 41 Maj David P. Briar , USAF, Sharpening the Eagle’s Talons: Assessing Air Base Defense...and Contingency Operations Doctrine 1942-1976, Washington, D.C.: Center ofMilitary History U.S. Army, 2006 (143) Briar , Maj David P., USAF, Sharpening

  19. Cost Effective Regional Ballistic Missile Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-16

    Defense Agency, Huntsville, AL; Chief, Materiel Fielding Team ( Automotive ), Materiel Fielding and Training Directorate, TACOM Life Cycle Management...Executive Office Ground Combat Systems, Detroit Arsenal, Michigan; Training With Industry Officer, EADS North America, Huntsville, Alabama; and Product...identify the ways and means to counter this imbalance or risk future erosion of our military effectiveness, diminished allied confidence, and unnecessarily

  20. Green buildings pay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naboni, Emanuele; Edwards, Brian

    2012-01-01

    The new edition of ‘Green Buildings Pay’ authored by Brian Edwards and Emanuele Naboni explores the business and professional benefits which derive from architectural design driven by sustainability. With a new sub-title ‘Green Buildings Pay: design, productivity and ecology’ the book argues...... that environmental design has altered how we design, construct and manage buildings. The book has relevance to those who not only design and engineer buildings but to those who commission architecture and those who occupy the products of this process. Hence, the user is a key consideration. The book examines via...... a number of LEED and BREEAM cases the buildings which flow from corporate environmental responsibility. A number of office and university buildings are examined from three main perspectives- the architect, client and user. One key finding is that architectural innovation has been driven by ecological...

  1. Financing Higher Education Worldwide: Who Pays? Who Should Pay?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, D. Bruce; Marcucci, Pamela N.

    2010-01-01

    No issue in higher education is as salient, or as controversial, as finance. As demand for higher education around the world grows, so do the costs associated with it, especially as governments shoulder less of the burden. Tuition fees rise and student loan debt grows. Who pays for these surging costs? Who "should" pay? D. Bruce Johnstone and…

  2. Confirming theoretical pay constructs of a variable pay scheme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibangilizwe Ncube

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Return on the investment in variable pay programmes remains controversial because their cost versus contribution cannot be empirically justified. Research purpose: This study validates the findings of the model developed by De Swardt on the factors related to successful variable pay programmes.Motivation for the study: Many organisations blindly implement variable pay programmes without any means to assess the impact these programmes have on the company’s performance. This study was necessary to validate the findings of an existing instrument that validates the contribution of variable pay schemes.Research design, approach and method: The study was conducted using quantitative research. A total of 300 completed questionnaires from a non-purposive sample of 3000 participants in schemes across all South African industries were returned and analysed.Main findings: Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, it was found that the validation instrument developed by De Swardt is still largely valid in evaluating variable pay schemes. The differences between the study and the model were reported.Practical/managerial implications: The study confirmed the robustness of an existing model that enables practitioners to empirically validate the use of variable pay plans. This model assists in the design and implementation of variable pay programmes that meet critical success factors.Contribution/value-add: The study contributed to the development of a measurement instrument that will assess whether a variable pay plan contributes to an organisation’s success.

  3. THE CONCEPT OF "SMART DEFENSE" IN THE CONTEXT OF AN EFFICIENT DEFENSE PLANNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodor FRUNZETI

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The international security environment is currently undergoing a series of fundamental changes becoming increasingly complex. Consequently, international actors need to find innovative ways to manage security and defense. The global financial and economic crisis has had a strong impact on military budgets, making it necessary for states and regional and international organizations concerned with such issues to streamline their defense planning and the more so because, in addition to the already consecrated risks and security threats, there are also new challenges. The concepts of “pooling and sharing” and “smart defense” have become, in this context, increasingly popular generating new initiatives in defense planning. However, despite some successes in this regard and their presentation as ideal solutions for managing defense in the current context, these concepts involve a number of difficulties to overcome that sometimes may translate into strategic political military and even economic disadvantages.

  4. Assessing Future Trends in the Defense Burdens of Western Nations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    Summary Table 1). A weighted average for the four allies that spend most heavily on defense -- Japan , France, Germany, and the United Kingdom--is projected...military was dismantled. Among the largest allies, Japan represents the other extreme. Japanese defense spending as a percentage of GDP is projected to...January 1993. d. Weighted average for Japan , France, Germany, and the United Kingdom--countries that spend the greatest amounts on defense . e The 1990

  5. Adult Attitudes Toward the Military: Poll Two

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-04-01

    of Defense’s recruitment advertising and market research programs. • The Research Methodology section provides details on the design of the...components of the recruitment- advertising program– market research, creative approaches, media tactics, contract management and program oversight. The...2000, the Department of Defense expanded its market research efforts to (1) understand attitudes of key audiences toward the military, in general, and

  6. Cyber Professionals in the Military and Industry-Partnering in Defense of the Nation: A Conversation between Maj Gen Suzanne Vautrinot, Commander, Twenty-Fourth Air Force, and Mr. Charles Beard, Chief Information Officer, Science Applications International Corporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    military controlled, across several different networks, including foreign systems, making it critical to establish relationships with com- mercial...level, you had to go beyond awareness. Peo- ple had to get on board, understand the codependency , and see its benefit to the individual. Having the

  7. Teachers' Perceptions of Merit Pay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Vanessa; Langheinrich, Cornelia; Loth, Dan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to show the various perceptions teachers have on merit pay. This research was designed to examine the perceptions and attitudes of teachers towards the idea of performance based pay. This topic has been an ongoing battle within school systems since the 1800s. The participants in this study were teachers from the state…

  8. Psychology of Pay and Compensation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thierry, Hk.; Smelser, N.J.; Baltes, P.B.

    2002-01-01

    In most industrialized countries the compensation, of managers and employees is structured along quite comparable patterns. One part consists of base pay, a second part of results-oriented pay, and a third part of secondary labor conditions. In many instances part four is composed of perquisites:

  9. Self-Pay Purchase Orders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wills, C. W.

    1989-01-01

    The Calgary Board of Education has successfully operated a self-pay purchase order system to reduce the handling costs for small dollar purchases. A self-pay purchase order is basically a purchase order with a limited-amount check attached. Four exhibits illustrate the system and summarize the procedures. (MLF)

  10. The Political Economy of the United States Military Market: 1963-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    performance in the ’execution phase’ of the military market. The U.S. Political Environment and National Defense The word democracy is derived from the Greek ...the years. As Table 1 shows, the military has increasingly eliminated barriers to military service for blacks, women and homosexuals , although some...harassment was unacceptable conduct). 1981 DOD issued a policy that banned homosexuals from military service. 1985 Air Force assigned the first women

  11. Leap- Ahead Logistics Management Technology: Turning the Evolution in Military Logistics into a True Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-05-27

    A Revolution in Military Logistics is a necessary precursor to the Revolution in Military Affairs. Army and the Department of Defense senior leaders...have affirmed and reinforced this idea in logistics literature throughout the past two years. What, however, is a Revolution in Military Logistics and...established criteria for a revolution in military logistics , but the system that it is currently developing, Global Combat Service Support - Army (GCSS-A

  12. Sixty years of the Military technical courier: A jubilee in sight

    OpenAIRE

    Nebojša N. Gaćeša

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, the Military Technical Courier, a scientific journal of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Serbia, marks the 60th anniversary of its regular and continuous publishing. The Military Technical Courier was founded by a decree of the Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav Army in August 1952 in order to continue the tradition of five reviews of military branches and services (Artillery Courier, Tank Courier, Military Engineering Courier, Courier of Communications in the Yugos...

  13. Efficacy of a smoking quit line in the military: Baseline design and analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Richey, Phyllis A.; Klesges, Robert C.; Talcott, Gerald W.; DeBon, Margaret; Womack, Catherine; Thomas, Fridtjof; Hryshko-Mullen, Ann

    2012-01-01

    Thirty percent of all military personnel smoke cigarettes. Because of the negative health consequences and their impact on physical fitness, overall health, and military readiness, the Department of Defense has identified the reduction of tobacco use as a priority of US military forces. This study aims to evaluate the one-year efficacy of a proactive versus reactive smoking quit line in the US military with adjunctive nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in both groups. This paper reports on th...

  14. Development of Information Technology for Smart Defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Kyoil; Lee, So Yeon; Park, Sangjoon; Park, Jonghyun [ETRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Han, Sangcheol [KEIT, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-03-15

    Recently, there has been demand for the convergence of IT (Information and communication Technologies, ICT) with defense, as has already been achieved in civilian fields such as healthcare and construction. It is expected that completely new and common requirements would emerge from the civilian and military domains and that the shape of war field would change rapidly. Many military scientists forecast that future wars would be network-centric and be based on C4I(Command, Control, Communication and Computer, Intelligence), ISR(Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance), and PGM(Precision Guided Munitions). For realizing the smart defense concept, IT should act as a baseline technology even for simulating a real combat field using virtual reality. In this paper, we propose the concept of IT-based smart defense with a focus on accurate detection in real and cyber wars, effective data communication, automated and unmanned operation, and modeling and simulation.

  15. Strategic defense and the Western alliance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lakoff, S.; Willoughby, R. (Univ. of California, CA (US))

    1987-01-01

    Strategic defense has again become a major item on the agenda of the Western Alliance. Revived by President Ronald Reagan in his Star Wars speech of March 1983, and implemented in his Strategic Defense Initiative, it has achieved renewed emphasis in military spending, in alliance research efforts, and in arms control negotiations. SDI is packaged in a way that makes it the largest single item in the Department of Defense's annual budget. It engages researchers in industrial and military laboratories on both sides of the Atlantic as well as in Japan and Israel. In the arms control negotiations now under way between the United States and the USSR, the conduct of this research and its implications for the strategic balance and the reduction of offensive weapons are critical considerations. The implications of this largely unexpected development are the subject of this book.

  16. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 14 - Affidavit and Agreement by Civilian Defense Counsel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Defense Team and I will otherwise perform all of our work relating to the proceedings, including any... (defined as the review and final decision of the President or, if designated, the Secretary of Defense), if... to military commission proceedings. C. The Defense Team shall consist entirely of myself,...

  17. A brief introduction to the military workplace culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redmond, S A; Wilcox, S L; Campbell, S; Kim, A; Finney, K; Barr, K; Hassan, A M

    2015-01-01

    Military culture and workplace are areas of interest for researchers across disciplines. However, few publications on military culture exist. The purpose of this article is to introduce general concepts regarding the structure and culture of the United States Military and discuss how this creates challenges for reintegrating into the civilian world. Topics that will be covered in this article include an overview of the Department of Defense (DoD) and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), socialization to military culture, the unique features of the military as a workplace, the cultural experiences of military personnel reintegrating back into the community, and the challenges faced by military members and their spouses. The provided information on military culture will expand military cultural competency so that civilian employers can enhance their ability to create supportive workplaces for veterans and military spouses during times of transition and reintegration. The unique characteristics of the military culture should be understood by those who work with or plan to work with military populations.

  18. Military Government

    Science.gov (United States)

    1949-07-01

    Public finance -------------------~·---------------------22 Civilian protection -------------------------------------23 Public health and sanitation...22. PUBLIC. ~INANCE.~q. Basic "planning data for public finance in- clude-- (1) ·rrax·ation systems: - .(2)- ~ethods of_tpaking appropriations.- ( 3...Probable ·adequacy- of public funds. (.4) Administrative .. _ organization for_ public finance sections. b. Military government -staff sections

  19. 5 CFR 534.502 - Pay range.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pay range. 534.502 Section 534.502 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY UNDER OTHER SYSTEMS Pay for Senior-Level and Scientific and Professional Positions § 534.502 Pay range. A pay rate fixed under...

  20. 32 CFR 1630.16 - Class 1-O: Conscientious objector to all military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Class 1-O: Conscientious objector to all military service. 1630.16 Section 1630.16 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION RULES § 1630.16 Class 1-O: Conscientious objector to all...

  1. 32 CFR 196.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 196.210 Section 196.210 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF...

  2. Department of Defense Management of Unobligated Funds for Acquisition Programs (Briefing Charts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Constr Prod. Labor/H/W, Initial Spares, AIS Equip & SW, non-centrally managed items >=$250K Replenishment Spares, Civilian Salaries, Minor... Constr < $750K, Travel, AIS Equip & SW<$250K, SW Dev/Mod/Purchase/Lease Military Pay & Allowances, PCS Moves, Retired Pay Accrual Major

  3. Homosexuals and the U.S. Military: Current Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-22

    David F., “An Overview of the Debate on Homosexuals in the U.S. Military,” in Gays and Lesbians in the Military, Issues, Concerns, and Contrasts...policy not to accept gay or lesbian students into its programs and to require avowed homosexuals to disenroll and pay back their scholarship funds...a lesbian ” at a January 1993 rally. Her attorneys argued that she was not broadcasting her intentions to practice homosexuality but merely

  4. 32 CFR 1630.11 - Class 1-A-0: Conscientious objector available for noncombatant military service only.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Class 1-A-0: Conscientious objector available for noncombatant military service only. 1630.11 Section 1630.11 National Defense Other Regulations...: Conscientious objector available for noncombatant military service only. In accord with part 1636 of...

  5. Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-27

    active forces.  To provide economic security for former members of the armed forces during their old age. The active component retirement system...of strong economic performance. Table 1. DOD Retired Military Personnel, Survivors, and Program Costs, FY2005-FY2015 FY Retired Pay Recipients...30 The actual index used to adjust COLA is the CPI-W; the index for urban wage earners and clerical

  6. Which Factors Characterize Sustainable Behavior of Defense Forces?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Atlason, Reynir Smari; Gerstlberger, Wolfgang

    2017-01-01

    characteristics of militaries with medium or strong connections to sustainable behavior. The results of the analysis demonstrate which militaries are likely to engage in improvements with regards to CSR and sustainability, particularly in relation to the environment. The findings of this paper demonstrate which...... Product (GDP) per capita, and medium to high military expenditures per capita seem to favor CSR and sustainability awareness within their militaries. For those countries, military CSR and sustainability strategies can demonstrate win-win situations, mainly due to lower energy and material costs on the one......Defense agencies are increasingly identifying the benefits of environmentally benign solutions on multiple types of operations. Energy use, material use, and environmental damage are factors that influence military operations in both the short and the long term. In this paper, we examine...

  7. Military Strategy,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1968-01-01

    The Pacific Ocean air defense zone encompasses Japan, South Korea, the Island of Taiwan, South Vietnam, the Phillippii.es, the Hawaiian Is- lands...34ely wed by the Soviet command dur- ing the third phase of the war and exerted an important influence on the suc- cessful conduct of strategic

  8. Pay secrecy: Pros and cons

    OpenAIRE

    Janićijević, Nebojša

    2016-01-01

    Pay secrecy is an intriguing, and also a controversial policy in human resources management with hardly anything written on the subject. As a form of systematic withholding of information from the employees on all or some aspects of salaries within a company, pay secrecy offers both advantages and disadvantages. The disadvantages are misconceptions about distribution of compensation; negative evaluation of distributive justice; reduced motivation, satisfaction and productivity of the employee...

  9. Unions and the sword of justice: unions and pay systems, pay inequality, pay discrimination and low pay

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Dispersion in pay is lower among union members than among non-unionists. This reflects two factors. First, union members and jobs are more homogeneous than their non-union counterparts. Second, union wage policies within and across firms lower pay dispersion. Unions'' minimum wage targets also truncate the lower tail of the union distribution. There are two major consequences of these egalitarian union wage policies. First, the return to human capital is lower in firms which recognise unions ...

  10. The fragility of the Brazilian Defense Ministry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Zaverucha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The present article presents different phases that the Brazilian Defense Ministry has passed through, since its inception during Fernando Henrique Cardoso's second presidential term (1999-2002 until the current administration of Luís Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2006, under its respective ministers of Defense. It has been seen as one of the important stages in the re-constitutionalization of the country, insofar as it establishes the submission of Armed Forces commanders to a civilian minister, and although some analysts have considered that such submission is actually achieved, we point here to the military resistance and insubordination to civil power that are the result of an authoritarian legacy. To the extent that the Ministry of Defense is unable to implement its own policies in which the military would be required to follow civilian guidance, this article concludes with considerations on the civil Defense Ministry's political and institutional fragility vis-a-vis military command. The latter has been able to retain high levels of decision making autonomy in its relationship to the Ministry and its structure.

  11. Z. Barany, Democratic Breakdown and the Decline of the Russian Military, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007, 247 pages.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Marat

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The dilemmas created by the abrupt collapse of the Soviet military in 1991 and the inefficient defense reforms that followed in post-Soviet Russia have been analyzed from various perspectives. In his book on the decline of the Russian military, Zoltan Barany puts forth two explanations. First, the author argues that the Russian military became increasingly politicized, with a small group of generals influencing important issues in the defense sector. Second, centralization of presidential pow...

  12. Military Engagement with Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    social media . There has never been a better opportunity for an organization to instantly communicate with millions of people, yet the Department of Defense has spent the last several years struggling to establish or use a viable networking platform. We have the potential for over a million military members to become part of a social network, receiving both operational and strategic information; not by maintaining numerous and redundant databases and accounts, but by simply having a social media site. Operational information could be shared with

  13. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 37 - What Is the Civil-Military Integration Policy That Is the Basis for Technology Investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What Is the Civil-Military Integration Policy That Is the Basis for Technology Investment Agreements? A Appendix A to Part 37 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS...

  14. Offset Implementations for Turkey’s International Defense Acquisitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xiii LIST OF TABLES Table 1. Some Examples of “Market Imperfections and Failures” in Defense (From Gansler, 1980, p. 30...AMSL Airbus Military Sociedad Limitada ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASTOVL Advanced Short Takeoff And Vertical Landing BDMA British...company was re-structured under its current name, Airbus Military SL ( Sociedad Limitada) prior to the contract signature in May 2003. Its shareholders

  15. Antioxidative defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanović Jelka

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Free radicals occur constantly during metabolism and take part in numerous physiological processes, such as: intra-cellular and inter-cellular signalization, gene expression, removal of damaged or senescent cells, and control of the tone of blood vessels. However, there is an increased quantity of free radicals in situations of so-called oxidative stress, when they cause serious damage to cellular membranes (peroxidation of their lipids, damage of membrane proteins, and similar, to interior cellular protein molecules, as well as DNA molecules and carbohydrates. This is precisely why the organism has developed numerous mechanisms for removing free radicals and/or preventing their production. Some of these are enzyme-related and include superoxide-dismutase, catalase, glutathione-peroxidase, and others. Other, non-enzyme mechanisms, imply antioxidative activities of vitamins E and C, provitamin A, coenzyme Q, reduced glutation, and others. Since free radicals can leave the cell that has produced them and become dispersed throughout the body, in addition to antioxidative defense that functions within cellular structures, antioxidant extra-cellular defense has also been developed. This is comprised by: transferrin, lactoferrin, haptoglobin, hemopexin, ceruloplasmin, albumins, extra-cellular isoform SOD, extracellular glutathione-peroxidase, glucose, bilirubin, urates, and many other molecules.

  16. National Defense Budget Estimates for FY 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Military Construction, Navy Reserve 21,708 26,299 26,299 26,299 Military Construction, Air Force Reserve 25,986 33,620 33,620 33,620 Chemical Demil ...Air Force Reserve 7,634 Chemical Demil Construction, Defense 75,312 13,071,701 Appropriation 13,071,701 Budget Authority 13,071,701 TOA...7.00 3.00 Defense Prod Act 59.00 25.00 16.00 Chemical Demil 53.00 30.00 15.00 2.00 RDT&E Army 34.28 48.72 11.33 3.17 1.70 0.80 Navy 36.87 50.51 9.82

  17. 5 CFR 9901.363 - Premium pay for health care personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... status. (6) An employee may not be charged leave during periods of regularly scheduled on-call duty; nor may such an employee receive on-call premium pay when, because of leave or other authorized absence... LABOR RELATIONS SYSTEMS (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF...

  18. MODERN MILITARY GEOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Bezuidenhout

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Modern Military Geography is a new text that explores the relationship between geography and military conflict. As such, it covers many different scenarios and operational theatres and brings perspective to the link between local topography, hydrographical settings, climate, coastal conditions and military operations. The text goes further by examining the influence of secondary factors, which include, biological, health and environmental issues on military operations. The unique interaction between physical conditions and the geopolitical realities of different geographical settings are well illustrated. This book is therefore an excellent addition to the fields of military geography and military history, as well as other related military disciplines.

  19. Race and Gender Pay Differentials

    OpenAIRE

    Francine D. Blau; Lawrence M. Kahn

    1992-01-01

    In this paper we review research findings from the 1980s and early 1990s on race and gender pay gaps. In addition. we present some evidence from the Current Population Surveys (1972, 1982 and 1989) regarding the impact of shifts in the industrial composition of employment and in interindustry wage differentials on these gaps. The gender gap in pay was stable in the 1970s but fell steadily in the 1980s; the opposite patterns were observed for black-white wage differentials--a trend towards con...

  20. US Influence on Military Professionalism in the Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-12-01

    formed and led by Colonel “Gringo” Honasan. This group of military officers rallied under the leadership of Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile to oust... Reyes spearheaded the military intervention by shifting his support to Macapagal-Arroyo. The January 2001...for designating the Philippines as a “Major Non-Nato Ally.” As the new Commander-in-Chief, Macapal-Arroyo appointed General Angelo Reyes as

  1. Improving Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    pertains to the UCMJ. When it comes to technological innovation , some argue, “When the threat level is high, Congress tends to defer to the military’s...TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND THE DEFENSE INDUSTRY 22 (2006). For a good explanation of the judicial military deference doctrine, see John F. O’Connor...whereas such laws today would be unthinkable. Recognizing that these opinions serve as barometers of public opinion and thought, military leaders can

  2. Defense Trade Data: Sources and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    detailed trade information on such products may be difficult. Recent U.S. concerns have ranged from dependency on rare earths and first level products...BHUTAN BR INDIAN OCEAN TERR EGYPT INDIA IRAN IRAQ ISRAEL JORDAN KOWAIT LEBANON LIBYA MALDIVES MOROCCO NEPAL OMAN PAKISTAN QATAR SAODI...specifically designed or developed for military application and any computer specifically modified for use with any defense article in any category of

  3. Missile Base Deployments: Impact on Military Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-25

    your basic journal publishing charges (to include costs for tables and black and white photos). We cannot pay for reprints. If you are 59 MDW staff...SG5 O&M); SG5 R&D; Tri-Service Nursing Research Program (TSNRP); Defense Medical Research & Development Program (DMRDP); NIH; Congressionally Directed...later than 30 days before final clearance Is required to publish/present your materials. If you have any questions or concerns. please contact the 59

  4. A Path Less Chosen: An Assessment of the School of Advanced Military Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    In June 1987, General Manuel Antonio Noriega , the head of the Panamanian Defense Forces (PDF) and de facto ruler of Panama, had a problem. A...military rival, Colonel Roberto Diaz Herrera, accused Noriega of murdering a rival political contender, using Panama as a base...action against Noriega . The U.S. discontinued military assistance to the Panamanian Defense Force, called for the establishment of democracy in Panama

  5. 78 FR 73450 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Preparation of Letter of Offer and Acceptance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-06

    ... Regulation Supplement: Preparation of Letter of Offer and Acceptance (DFARS Case 2012-D048) AGENCY: Defense... of ] the letter of offer and acceptance for a foreign military sales program that will require an... activity in preparing the letter of offer and acceptance for a foreign military sales program that...

  6. 78 FR 23757 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... without vote-- 1. As military adviser to the chair; 2. As military executive officer of the Board; and 3... component recommended by the chair and designated by the Secretary of Defense, who shall serve without vote... particular point of view and in a manner that is free from conflict of interest. Members of the Board...

  7. Regulation of private military companies in Iraq

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis examines problems that states face when using private military companies (PMCs) and possible solutions for solving those problems. The main argument of this thesis is that the problems and their solutions are not the same for all states. They change mainly because of the capability of state institutions such as the Ministry of Defense, national laws, and public armed forces. For that reason, the problems and solutions a...

  8. Missile Defense: Opportunity to Refocus on Strengthening Acquisition Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    defense operations, see the battle develop, and manage networked sensors and weapon systems. Ground-based Midcourse Defense (GMD) A ground-based...However, this retest also failed in December 2010 due to the effects of vibration on the kill vehicle’s guidance system. As a result of these...the life cycle— research and development, procurement, military construction, GAO-13-432. 15Pub. L. No. 110-181, § 223(g), repealed by Pub. L. No

  9. Analysis of government policies to support sustainable domestic defense industries

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Armed forces all over the world need military equipment to support their security missions. Having a domestic defense industry is one approach that countries use to supply their armed forces’ requirements. The successful development of a domestic defense industry depends on many factors, but perhaps the most significant variable is the government. Because governments are both buyers and suppliers of national security, government polici...

  10. Defense Security Cooperation Agency Vision 2020. Update 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    articles, military training, and other defense-related services, by grant, loan, cash sale, or lease , in furtherance of national policies and objectives...Presidential Policy Directive 23 on Security Sector Assistance. D S C A V i s i o n 2 0 2 0 Solutions for America’s Global Partners 7 DSCA...less labor-intensive for USG implementing agencies. Oct 2014 – Dec 2016 d. Explore and develop options for using LOAs to support leases of defense

  11. 5th International Conference OTEH 2012 - defense technology (Proceedings review)

    OpenAIRE

    Vlado Petar Đurković

    2013-01-01

    This article gives an overview of all papers and events at the Fifth International ScientificConference on Defense Technologies OTEH 2012 held in Belgrade, in the Military Technical Institute (VTI), from 18th to 19th September 2012.The paper review presents the Conference Sections by subjects and guest-lectureres as well as the institutions of all authors who actively participated at the Conference.About the ConferenceThe Fifth International Scientific Conference on Defense Technologies OTEH ...

  12. S. Toner on Gelphi, Feaver and Reifler’s Paying the Human Costs of War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Christopher Gelphi, Peter D. Feaver and Jason Reifler. Paying the Human Costs of War: American Public Opinion & Casualties in Military Conflicts. New Haven: Princeton University Press, 2009. 280 pp. ISBN 978-0691139081In one of their less astute observations the authors of Paying the Human Costs of War suggest ‘that the United States does not go to war often’ (67. While war and public opinion is a notoriously difficult subject to study, few countries offer as great an opportunity to study th...

  13. Military display market segment: helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.

    2004-09-01

    The military display market is analyzed in terms of one of its segments: helicopter displays. Parameters requiring special consideration, to include luminance ranges, contrast ratio, viewing angles, and chromaticity coordinates, are examined. Performance requirements for rotary-wing displays relative to several premier applications are summarized. Display sizes having aggregate defense applications of 5,000 units or greater and having DoD applications across 10 or more platforms, are tabulated. The issue of size commonality is addressed where distribution of active area sizes across helicopter platforms, individually, in groups of two through nine, and ten or greater, is illustrated. Rotary-wing displays are also analyzed by technology, where total quantities of such displays are broken out into CRT, LCD, AMLCD, EM, LED, Incandescent, Plasma and TFEL percentages. Custom, versus Rugged commercial, versus commercial off-the-shelf designs are contrasted. High and low information content designs are identified. Displays for several high-profile military helicopter programs are discussed, to include both technical specifications and program history. The military display market study is summarized with breakouts for the helicopter market segment. Our defense-wide study as of March 2004 has documented 1,015,494 direct view and virtual image displays distributed across 1,181 display sizes and 503 weapon systems. Helicopter displays account for 67,472 displays (just 6.6% of DoD total) and comprise 83 sizes (7.0% of total DoD) in 76 platforms (15.1% of total DoD). Some 47.6% of these rotary-wing applications involve low information content displays comprising just a few characters in one color; however, as per fixed-wing aircraft, the predominant instantiation involves higher information content units capable of showing changeable graphics, color and video.

  14. [Haemovigilance and blood safety in overseas military].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sailliol, A; Plang, S; Martinaud, C; Pouget, T; Vedy, S; Clavier, B; Cellarier, V; Roche, C; Civadier, C; Ausset, S

    2014-11-01

    The French military blood institute (FMBI) is the only military blood supplier in France. FMBI operates independently and autonomously under the Ministry of Defense's supervision, and accordingly, to the French, European and NATO technical and safety guidelines. FMBI is in charge of the collection, preparation and distribution of blood products to supply transfusion support to armed forces, especially during overseas operations. In overseas military, a primary physician is responsible for haemovigilance in permanent relation with an expert in the FMBI to manage any adverse reaction. Additionally, traceability of delivered or collected blood products during overseas operation represents a priority, allowing an appropriate management of transfusion inquiries and assessment of practices aiming to improve and update procedures and training. Transfusion safety in overseas operation is based on regular and specific training of people concerned by blood supply chain in exceptional situation.

  15. Military Logistics. Buying Army Spares Too Soon Creates Excess Stocks and Increases Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-01

    Department of Defense (DoD) response to the General Accounting Office (GAO) draft report, " MILITARY LOGISTICS : Buying Army Spares Too Soon Creates Excessive...DATED MAY 30, 1989 (GAO CODE 393294) OSD CASE 8011 " MILITARY LOGISTICS : BUYING ARM SPARES TOO SOON CREATES EXCESSIVE STOCKS AND INCREASES COSTS

  16. 76 FR 17841 - Interim Change to the Military Freight Traffic Unified Rules Publication (MFTURP) No. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Army Interim Change to the Military Freight Traffic Unified Rules Publication (MFTURP) No. 1 AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. SUMMARY: The Military Surface Deployment and...

  17. Chinese-Cantonese: List of Basic Chinese-Cantonese Military Words.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.

    A list of 565 Chinese-Cantonese words commonly used in the discussion of military subjects is presented as part of the Defense Language Institute Program. It is designed to be used as a guide in future revisions of military lessons and as an aid for instructors in the classroom discussion of these terms. Contents are translations from English to…

  18. Suicide Risk by Military Occupation in the DoD Active Component Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trofimovich, Lily; Reger, Mark A.; Luxton, David D.; Oetjen-Gerdes, Lynne A.

    2013-01-01

    Suicide risk based on occupational cohorts within the U.S. military was investigated. Rates of suicide based on military occupational categories were computed for the Department of Defense (DoD) active component population between 2001 and 2010. The combined infantry, gun crews, and seamanship specialist group was at increased risk of suicide…

  19. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military History Journal, No. 2, February 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-16

    the Party [Editorial; pp 3-11] 1 Military Activities of Labor, Defense Council Headed by V.l. Lenin [V.N. Maltsev ; pp 13-18] 4 Genesis...00010032b Moscow VOYENNO-ISTORICHESKIY ZHURNAL in Russian No 2, Feb 88 (signed to press 21Jan88)pp 13-18 [Article by Lt Col V.N. Maltsev : "The Military

  20. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army, September-October 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    military related chat rooms throughout Latin America. Mundo Historia , based in Peru, focuses on Latin American military history and defense issues, <http... ley , The Random House Publishing Group, New York, 2008, 291 pages, $30.00. Roger Crowley’s Empires of the Sea deserves a wide readership. It covers

  1. Suicide Risk by Military Occupation in the DoD Active Component Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trofimovich, Lily; Reger, Mark A.; Luxton, David D.; Oetjen-Gerdes, Lynne A.

    2013-01-01

    Suicide risk based on occupational cohorts within the U.S. military was investigated. Rates of suicide based on military occupational categories were computed for the Department of Defense (DoD) active component population between 2001 and 2010. The combined infantry, gun crews, and seamanship specialist group was at increased risk of suicide…

  2. France - Brazil relations: legacy of the French Military Mission (1920-1940 for the Brazilian Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Iop Bellintani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The French Military Mission (MMF of instruction was part of the modernization project of the Brazilian Army, involving cultural and defense aspects. Brazilian Government, observing weakness in military forces, decided to modernize and equip the national army through the MMF. The French officers who participated in the bilateral agreement with Brazil instructed the formation of students, created schools and changed the Brazilian military doctrine.

  3. The military housing problem: Public Private Venture (PPV) and complete privatization alternatives

    OpenAIRE

    Sorce, Steven R.

    2000-01-01

    This thesis examines the current problems facing military housing, mainly inadequate quantity and quality to meet current demand. The Secretary of Defense testified before Congress that meeting today's military housing requirements would necessitate 30.40 years of effort at a cost of approximately $20B, if funded under the traditional Military Construction (MILCON) appropriation. This study considers the following alternatives for solving the housing problem: the current approach of MILCON; P...

  4. China’s Military Reforms: An Optimistic Take

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    capabilities. Simultaneously, Xi is looking to rein in PLA corruption and assert his control over the military. Brief Overview of the Reforms China ...active defense strategy as a preemptive posture. The former system of enacting wartime theaters placed a pre- mium on China either starting a...immediately placed China into a reactive and defensive posture. Early iterations of the People’s War strategy recognized China’s own limitations in

  5. Defying Predictions? Chilean Civil-Military Relations Since 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    expression of roles and missions: the series of defense white papers ( Libros de la Defensa Nacional) that have been published by the Ministry of Defense...Robledo, "Chilean Civil-Military Relations," 112. 100 Libro de la Defensa Nacional de Chile, Quinta Parte, Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, 2002, available...the armed forces should behave in that context. A close look at the proclamations made in the past three editions of the libros de defensa reveals

  6. To pay or not to pay-for-publications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Opstrup, Niels

    outside the humanities where the H ead of Department believes that is a good idea to reward scholars financially for publication s; 2) teaching intensive departments from outside the humanities where the Dean uses financial incent ives in connection to research performance; 3) large, teaching intensive......Academics financial incentives to publish vary cons iderable between Danish university departments. An inherent question is why such (generally) simila r organizational units make use of pay-for- performance so differently. With starting point in a qualitative comparative fuzzy set analysis......, this paper examines managerial and organizational featur es of departments with strong financial incentives to publish compared to departments with some, weak, or no such incentives. The preliminary analysis suggests four causal recipes c onnected to the use of pay-for-publications : 1) departments from...

  7. The Tragedy of Teacherly Merit Pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlow, Michael

    1984-01-01

    In satirical verse the author affirms the value of merit pay proposals and laments the lack of action on such proposals that has resulted from indecisiveness concerning criteria for merit pay implementation. (JBM)

  8. PayPal Transactions Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razvan Toader

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent threads to prominent organizations and companies have greatly increased the need for information security. Many measures have been designed and developed to guard against threats from outsider attacks. Technologies are actively implemented to prohibit such attacks that could actively prohibit rogue connections. In this paper, common vulnerabilities for PayPal transactions identified as well as solutions for defending against them.

  9. 5 CFR 9901.356 - Pay retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... retention. (b) Pay retention will be based on the employee's rate of base salary in effect immediately... the range of rates of base salary applicable to the employee's position. (c) Pay retention will be... the 104-week retention limit. (d) Under NSPS, pay retention will be granted when an employee's base...

  10. 28 CFR 345.51 - Inmate pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Inmate pay. 345.51 Section 345.51... (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.51 Inmate pay. (a) Grade levels. Inmate... (highest). (b) Eligibility. (1) An inmate shall accrue vacation time, longevity service credit, and shall...

  11. Compendium of Programs to Assist the Transition. Annex G to Adjusting to the Drawdown. Report to the Defense Conversion Commission,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    5235 (for civilian registrants) The Defense Outplacement Referral System (DORS). The DORS is an automated registry of "mini-resumes" of military...identifying employers who are interested in hiring former Army personnel. The existing DoD databanks, such as the Defense Outplacement Referral...Training Partnership Act Ine Secretary of Defense may coordinate this program with the Defense Outplacement Referral System (DORS) and other automated job

  12. China's Military Diplomacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Qisong; Li Baowen

    2008-01-01

    Since the end of the Cold War, China's military diplomacy has displayed an omni-directional and multi-level form, and with an increasing transparency which has increased trust and reduced doubt. China has enhanced its conventional military functions and strengthened its military soft power. This has helped China develop into a responsible state on the world stage. Through military exchanges with other countries, the Chinese military has gradually strengthened its ability to undertake a variety of tasks. The Chinese military has to make greater efforts to counter the perception of a "China threat." There is also a need to establish a system of military spokesmen and to develop a theory of military diplomacy with Chinese characteristics.

  13. TRICARE, Military Health System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Claim Get Proof of TRICARE Coverage View My Military Health Record Less State of Emergency in North ... Disaster Information Download a Form Go Paperless My Military Health Records Multimedia Center Plan Information Kits Recoupment ...

  14. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... total__ Find out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health ... 10 VA HSR&D Investigator Insights: Military Sexual Trauma - Duration: 3:27. Veterans Health Administration 898 views ...

  15. National Military Family Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 931.6632 info@MilitaryFamily.org © 2016 - National Military Family Association Twitter Facebook Pinterest Instagram Charity Navigator Four Star Charity GuideStar Exchange Better Business Bureau Charity Watch Independent Charity of America nonprofit ...

  16. Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-18

    their numbers and votes, vetoes, substitutions, dates of final passage, and public law numbers. Significant definitions are also included. This...The appropriations bill actually enables the military departments and defense agencies to draw funds from the national treasury. Ideally , the... Ideally , after the authorization bill is passed, the appropriations bill goes through this same process. Although conceptually a sequential process

  17. Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-20

    their numbers and votes, vetoes, substitutions, dates of final passage, and public law numbers. Significant definitions are also included. This report...The appropriations bill actually enables the military departments and defense agencies to draw funds from the national treasury. Ideally , the... Ideally , after the authorization bill is passed, the appropriations bill goes through this same process. Although conceptually a sequential process

  18. 76 FR 22878 - Defense Transportation Regulation, Part IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-25

    ... Command (USTRANSCOM), DoD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: DOD has issued draft business rules for the electronic... electronic payments for NTS at all Military Services and Coast Guard installations is the goal of the Defense Personal Property Program (DP3). The initial rollout of the TPPS and the electronic payment process for...

  19. Russian Military Reform From Perestroika to Putin: Implications for U.S. Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-04-01

    A Military Biography: Russian Minister of Defense General Igor Rodionov: In With the Old, In With the New,” Journal of Slavic Studies , Vol. 9, no. 2...Biography: Russian Minister of Defense General Igor Rodionov: In With the Old, In With the New.” Journal of Slavic Studies , Vol. 9, no. 2 (June 1996

  20. The Relationship Between U.S. Military Spending and the Cohesion of the Rok-U.S. Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    Ballistic Missile Defense C4 Command, Control, Communication, and Computer C4I Command, Control, Communication, Computer , and Intelligence CFA ROK...Fiscal years (FY) 2013 and FY 2017 by the Department of Defense (DOD), which contain a good history of U.S. military spending and deal with various...84ROK Ministry of National Defense, 60 Years History of the ROK-US Alliance (Seoul: Ministry of National Defense

  1. Reappraising Defense Organization: An Analysis Based on the Defense Organization Study of 1977-1980,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    or all of the current structure and there- by presents the opportunity for some external entity to begin, like Moses, with a tabula rasa , the...fundamental role of the Department of Defense (DOD) has been to "provide for the common defence," as described in the US Constitution. This...be strengthened. Chapter 5 focuses on the military depart- ments, with particular emphasis on the role of the service secretar- ies. It recommends

  2. Driving Innovation to Support the Warfighter: Additive Manufacturing Initiatives Within the Defense Logistics Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    43 Defense AT&L: November-December 2016 Driving Innovation to Support the Warfighter Additive Manufacturing Initiatives Within the Defense...AM) in the commercial sector, but it is also intense for the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), which hopes to capitalize on the promise of innovation ...to improve readiness and sup- port to the military. As it tracks AM through the Gartner Hype Cycle, which depicts phases that innovations move

  3. Military Enlistment of Hispanic Youth: Obstacles and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asch, Beth J.; Buck, Christopher; Klerman, Jacob Alex; Kleykamp, Meredith; Loughran, David S.

    2009-01-01

    An implicit goal of Congress, the Department of Defense, and the armed services is that diversity in the armed services should approximate diversity in the general population. A key aspect of that diversity is the representation of Hispanics. Although polls of Hispanic youth show a strong propensity to serve in the military, Hispanics are…

  4. Professional Military Education for the 21st Century Warrior

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-16

    Medal of Merit in Gold (Netherlands), Great Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of Merit, Great Cross of the Military Merit of Portugal, Defense...to grow as a nation, our PME focus was on teaching naval officers, first and foremost, how to be officers and gentlemen. Etiquette and the

  5. Acquisition: Buy American Act Issues on Procurements of Military Clothing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    mandatory uniform items (shirts, trousers, coats, headwear , etc.) that are procured by the Defense Supply Center Philadelphia and requisitioned by...FSC codes cover the following types of military clothing and related items: • FSC 8415-Special purpose clothing: special purpose headwear

  6. Executive pay and market value sensitivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Feng-Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Executive pay relative to that of average workers has risen dramatically worldwide. Such a high level of executive pay raises the question of whether a steep rise in executive pay affects firm value. This study examined the relationship between executive pay and firm value. A panel smooth transition regression model is adopted to determine an optimal level of executive pay that maximizes firm value for a sample of 512 Taiwanese-listed firms over the period 2006-2011. The finding is that when the ratio of executive pay to net income after tax exceeds 2.71%, the firm value increases. The results suggest a correlation between large executive ownership (corresponding to high executive pay and both increased operational efficiencies and firm value. These findings may be useful when contemplating executive compensation policy.

  7. [Experience in organization of drug supply for military personnel and military retirees in the United States].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miroshnichenko, Iu V; Gaĭnov, V S

    2012-01-01

    In the U.S. troops and military retirees realize the right to obtain drugs by participating in a nationwide managed care program TRICARE under the routines TRICARE Pharmacy. Militarily, the U.S. health care holding drug based on the Basic Core Formulary and Extended Core Formulary, which are developed by US Department of Defense Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee. Realization of subprogram TRICARE Pharmacy is performed by Express Scripts.

  8. Defense Industry of the Russian Federation at the End of 20th-Beginning of the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonovich Aleksandr Nikolaevich

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In the developed countries claiming for global leadership permanent military and industrial complexes were formed. These complexes produce high-tech products and play the key system-forming role in the economies of their states. Country’s position in world economy as well as its position at the weapons and military equipment market depends on the military and industrial complexes development. At the end of the 20th century, there had been great changes in the military and industrial complex of the Russian Federation. Drastic remission and demerger accompanied these changes unlike those in the Unites States and Western Europe. These processes were determined by inconsiderate defense conversion, reduction of expenses and the loss of weapons and military equipment production. At the beginning of the 21st century, Russian Federation government has changed its attitude towards the military and industrial complex. Main directions of surmounting the crisis were found through creation of military and industrial corporations, increase of state defense order in the favor of national Armed Forces. Development of state-owned corporations and significant increase in financial allocations for state defense order promoted the growth of military and industrial companies’ activity and rise in weapons and military equipment export. All above-listed processes of Russian military and industrial complexes predetermined the scientific and pragmatic interest for this research.

  9. Recruiting, Retention, and Future Levels of Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-10-01

    Washington,DC,20515-6925 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/ MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S...pays the base benefit under the Montgomery GI Bill, but the individual military services may pay “ kickers ” that enhance the DoD-wide benefit. Increases...in the GI Bill’s base benefit have enabled the Army to reduce its payments for kickers by over one-half between 2000 and 2005.54 Scenario 800

  10. 22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... and an authorized representative of the foreign government, and (3) The transfer of the defense... vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program. 126.6 Section 126.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE... article or technical data is delivered to representatives of such a country or organization in the...

  11. METHODOLOGY FOR EVALUATING AND IMPROVING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE STATE DEFENSE CAPABILITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikulov S. F.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In the article we have developed a methodology to assess the effectiveness of various types of military and economic activities, the effectiveness of which determines the value of the defense capabilities of the state; we have also revealed the economic substance of defense capabilities and combat readiness of troops, justified approaches to determining the significance of ongoing military-oriented activities, identified main activities of the specific conditions of defense industries which leave their marks on the cost-effectiveness in the production of material resources for the Russian military service. The analysis of the flow direction of monetary environment of estimated units indicates that the current practice of planning and cost accounting is not fully adapted for military-economic analysis of measures to ensure the establishment of the defense capabilities of the state, and this makes it difficult to study and make recommendations to improve the efficiency of the use of military and economic resources. The authors propose a unified system of methodological support planning, estimating the size of consumed resources (regardless of funding source and attainable defense results. Methodical resolution of this problem is based on the use of program-target approach to modeling the processes of the defense-industrial complex and the structural elements of the military organization. The article substantiates that the evaluation of the effectiveness of the use of defense capabilities should be carried out not only by the criterion of "cost - effect", but with all the manifestations of the time factor. In the most general form of the criterion of effectiveness should be provided by the triad "cost - effect - time." An important result of this study is also in the development of the integral index of evaluating the effectiveness of the use of military and economic

  12. Performance Measurement and Faculty Pay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Pin-liang; RUI Ming-jie

    2002-01-01

    In classic agency models, first best efficiency can't be achieved due to the trade-off between risk and incentives except that agency is risk neutral. Whereas if the principal's objective is not contractible,an alternative objective performance measurement which is contractible is always proposed. However, if the reaction of this objective performance measurement to agency's effort differs from that of the principal's objective, the agent would game performance measures, which leads to loss of efficiency, even if agency is risk neutral. By adding subjective weights on objective measures, or combination of subjective performance measurement with objective performance measurement, efficiency can be regained. Implications for faculty pay are also discussed.

  13. Paying your marketers--properly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Elizabeth Zink

    2003-09-01

    Home health agencies have more freedom to market their services since the implementation of the prospective payment system. In order to do that, a number of agencies have turned to marketing professionals for help. A common method of compensating marketers in the business world, however, is through payment for referrals--something expressly forbidden by federal statute. Home health agencies need to know what they can and can't do to pay marketers and must train their marketers on the federal anti-kickback regulations to assure their compliance.

  14. 32 CFR 644.388 - Army military-screening, clearance, preliminary report of excess, except where an E.O. 11954...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army military-screening, clearance, preliminary... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Predisposal Action § 644.388 Army military—screening, clearance, preliminary report...

  15. 5 CFR 550.905 - Payment of hazard pay differential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Payment of hazard pay differential. 550... hazard pay differential. (a) When an employee performs duty for which a hazard pay differential is authorized, the agency must pay the hazard pay differential for the hours in a pay status on the day...

  16. 5 CFR 550.122 - Computation of night pay differential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Computation of night pay differential... REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Premium Pay Night Pay § 550.122 Computation of night pay differential. (a) Absence on holidays or in travel status. An employee is entitled to a night pay differential...

  17. Analyzing Department of Defense's use of other transactions as a method for accessing non-traditional technology

    OpenAIRE

    Gilliland, John E.

    2001-01-01

    As U.S. Defense budgets and military research and development spending experienced significant decline between 1988 and 1998, the Defense Technology and Industrial Base essentially merged with the national industrial base. DOD reform occurred more slowly than changes in the private sector fueled by advances in technology. U.S. national security relies upon the ability of the military to maintain technological superiority. To attract advanced technology companies that normally do not participa...

  18. MILITARY COUPS AND MILITARY REGIMES IN AFRICA

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Growth of Military StatesAs late as 1961 the African image had not been tarnished to any great extent by the incidence of military coups. Indeed, a field study tour conducted in 1960- 1 - the year of independence as it has been called - to investigate the place of the armed forces in societies in Africa did not provide the evidence on which to forecast the eventual spate of coups. Togo was the first country in West Africa to experience a military coup when on 13 January 1963 Togolese soldiers...

  19. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena I. Dobrolyubova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the progress achieved inimproving the pay system in public administration and outlines the key issues to be resolved.The cross-country comparisons presented inthe article suggest high differentiation in pay levels depending on position held. In fact,this differentiation in Russia exceeds one in OECD almost twofold The analysis of theinternal pay structure demonstrates that thelow share of the base pay leads to perversenature of ‘stimulation elements’ of the paysystem which in fact appear to be used mostlyfor compensation purposes. The analysis of regional statistical data demonstrates thatdespite high differentiation among regionsin terms of their revenue potential, averagepublic official pay is strongly correlated withthe average regional pay.

  20. Coordinating medical civil military operations in Multinational Division-North.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyrski, John A; Rainey, McKinley; Roach, Shane; Stevens, Mark; Hernandez, Gloria; Vargo, Ruth

    2010-11-01

    Medical civil military operations (MCMO) are part of military civil capacity-building efforts within the full spectrum of military operations, from war to military operations other than war. In 2008-2009 during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Division Surgeon's Section (DSS) of the 25th Infantry Division (25ID) and Multinational Division-North developed an innovative MCMO program in northern Iraq. The program centered on understanding and mapping key relationships, empowering brigade-level programs, and leveraging technology to identify and share best practices. The DSS mapped the critical relationships within and between the three entities affecting MCMO: the government of Iraq (GOI), Department of State (DOS), and the Department of Defense (DOD). A division MCMO working group was then created along with processes to facilitate MCMO project execution and program management. The structure and organization of the 25ID MCMO program lend themselves to other operational environments requiring synchronization of medical capacity-building efforts.

  1. Innovative strategies for self-pay segmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehler, Adam; Hansel, John

    2006-01-01

    Risk segmentation of self-pay accounts can help healthcare financial managers determine where to use collection resources. Assessment of self-pay patients should consider each patient's estimated financial condition and potential eligibility for charity care of public assistance patients. Segmenting patients on the basis of demographic variances and potential fraud can help hospitals increase self-pay collections and reduce A/R days.

  2. The toxicity of pay for performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berwick, D M

    1995-01-01

    Despite their superficial logic, systems of merit pay or pay for performance have features that are toxic to systemic improvement. Contingent rewards doled out by supervisors cause decreased focus on customer needs, loss of accurate information about defects and improvement opportunities, avoidance of stretch goals, and decreased innovation. They may also erode teamwork. Pay for performance may mark a naive understanding of the complexity of human motivation.

  3. Military Advice and Civil-Military Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    Ballinger Publishing Company, 1985. Builder, Carl H. The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...9 Carl H. Builder, The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...11 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (New York, New York: Everyman’s Library , 1993), 733. 6 importance and thus the

  4. Recognizing plant defense priming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez-Medina, A.; Flors, V.; Heil, M.; Mauch-Mani, B.; Pieterse, C.M.J.; Pozo, M.J.; Ton, J.; Van Dam, N.M.; Conrath, U.

    2016-01-01

    Defense priming conditions diverse plant species for the superinduction of defense, often resulting in enhanced pest and disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance. Here, we propose a guideline that might assist the plant research community in a consistent assessment of defense priming in plant

  5. Dale Herspring, The Kremlin and the High Command. Presidential Impact on the Russian Military from Gorbachev to Putin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Facon

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In late 2008 Russian civil-military relations underwent a difficult period. Following the war in Georgia, the political leadership initiated new efforts to reform the military. Anatoly Serdiukov, the Russian Defense Minister, was appointed in 2007 by former president Vladimir Putin with a clear mandate to control military spending and eliminate many redundant senior officer posts. Concurrently, the new Russian president, Dmitri Medvedev, has affirmed his predecessor’s position that the condit...

  6. The Social Determinants of Health in Military Forces of Iran: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanaeinasab, Hormoz; Ghanei, Mostafa; Mehrabi Tavana, Ali; Ravangard, Ramin; Karamali, Mazyar

    2015-01-01

    Providing effective health interventions and achieving equity in health need to apply the community-based approaches such as social determinants of health. In the military organizations, these determinants have received less attention from the military health researchers and policymakers. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and explain the social determinants affecting the health of military forces in Iran. This was a qualitative study which was conducted in 2014. The required data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed through Conventional Content Analysis. The studied sample consisted of 22 military health experts, policymakers, and senior managers selected using purposeful sampling method with maximum variation sampling. MAXQDA.2007 was used to analyze the collected data. After analyzing the collected data, two main contents, that is, “general social determinants of health” and “military social determinants of health,” with 22 themes and 90 subthemes were identified as the social determinants of military forces' health. Main themes were religious rule, spirituality promotion policies, international military factors, military command, and so forth. Given the role and importance of social factors determining the military forces' health, it can be recommended that the military organizations should pay more attention to these determinants in making policies and creating social, economic, and cultural structures for their forces. PMID:26379716

  7. Military Surgeon and Humanity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Lu; WANG Yiran

    2015-01-01

    Military surgeons are a special group of doctors. They are both medical workers and soldiers.Their mission is to serve the wounded on the battlefield.And there is no doubt that military surgeons will save our comrades in the army. However,should a military surgeon save the wounded enemy? It is indeed a dilemma.Some may save the wounded enemy because military surgeons are doctors after all and they can't possibly abandon anybody to his fate,but some refuse to do so because military surgeons are soldiers.Therefore,some situations on the battlefield are discussed and advice is suggested for military surgeons,with heartfelt anticipation for there being less casualties on the battlefield as well as alleviating human suffering caused by war.

  8. Military Surgeon and Humanity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU; Lu; WANG; Yiran

    2015-01-01

    Military surgeons are a special group of doctors.They are both medical workers and soldiers.Their mission is to serve the wounded on the battlefield.And there is no doubt that military surgeons will save our comrades in the army.However,should a military surgeon save the wounded enemy?It is indeed a dilemma.Some may save the wounded enemy because military surgeons are doctors after all and they can’t possibly abandon anybody to his fate,but some refuse to do so because military surgeons are soldiers.Therefore,some situations on the battlefield are discussed and advice is suggested for military surgeons,with heartfelt anticipation for there being less casualties on the battlefield as well as alleviating human suffering caused by war.

  9. Iraqi Military Academies

    OpenAIRE

    Nodar Z. Mossaki

    2015-01-01

    The article analyzes the system of training of officers in military academies in Iraq – in Zakho, Qalacholan, ar-Rustamiyah and an-Nasiriyah. The author describes the history of creation, process of evolution, challenges and features of training in these colleges. Particular attention paid to military academies in the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan, which actually do not obey the central government of Iraq, however, have the highest level of training. Currently, Iraq's military academies operat...

  10. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health Administration? Cancel Unsubscribe Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 15K ...

  11. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health Administration? Cancel Unsubscribe Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 12, ...

  12. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health Administration? Cancel Unsubscribe Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 15K Loading... ...

  13. Inaugural editorial: Military Medical Research

    OpenAIRE

    Ren, Guo-Quan

    2014-01-01

    Military medicine is one of the most innovative part of human civilization. Along with the rapid development of medicine and advances in military techniques, military medicine has become the focus and intersection of new knowledge and new technologies. Innovation and development within military medicine are always ongoing, with a long and challenging path ahead. The establishment of ?Military Medical Research? is expected to be a bounden responsibility in the frontline of Chinese military med...

  14. Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-07-08

    ETHIOPIAN DEFENSE MINISTER’S VISIT—Lieutenant General Gebre-Kidan Tesfaye , min- ister of defense of Socialist Ethiopia, who was on an official visit to...in honor of the Minister of Defense of Socialist Ethopia. Lieutenant General Gebre-Kidan Tesfaye was ac- companied by Colonel General D.A

  15. Medicare Advantage Plans Pay Hospitals Less Than Traditional Medicare Pays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Laurence C; Bundorf, M Kate; Devlin, Aileen M; Kessler, Daniel P

    2016-08-01

    There is ongoing debate about how prices paid to providers by Medicare Advantage plans compare to prices paid by fee-for-service Medicare. We used data from Medicare and the Health Care Cost Institute to identify the prices paid for hospital services by fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare, Medicare Advantage plans, and commercial insurers in 2009 and 2012. We calculated the average price per admission, and its trend over time, in each of the three types of insurance for fixed baskets of hospital admissions across metropolitan areas. After accounting for differences in hospital networks, geographic areas, and case-mix between Medicare Advantage and FFS Medicare, we found that Medicare Advantage plans paid 5.6 percent less for hospital services than FFS Medicare did. Without taking into account the narrower networks of Medicare Advantage, the program paid 8.0 percent less than FFS Medicare. We also found that the rates paid by commercial plans were much higher than those of either Medicare Advantage or FFS Medicare, and growing. At least some of this difference comes from the much higher prices that commercial plans pay for profitable service lines.

  16. 76 FR 52537 - Pay for Sunday Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... premium pay for Sunday work. OPM issued a compensation policy memorandum (CPM-2009-21, December 8, 2009... pay-leave-policy@opm.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On April 9, 2010, the U.S. Office of Personnel... assertion of rights under those laws. Unlike the compensation claims process, the No FEAR...

  17. 76 FR 68631 - Pay in Nonforeign Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ..., 531, and 536 RIN 3206-AM43 Pay in Nonforeign Areas AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION... certain pay administration rules dealing with employees in nonforeign areas outside the 48 contiguous... the revisions are necessary to address the effects of implementing the Non-Foreign Area...

  18. 28 CFR 551.108 - Performance pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Performance pay. 551.108 Section 551.108 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.108 Performance pay. The Warden may approve a pretrial inmate for performance...

  19. Operational Capabilities and Legal Implications of a Military Space Plane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charania, A.

    2002-01-01

    The potential challenges for the United States military in this upcoming century may require new types of capabilities only achievable through the application of new technologies. One of these potential capabilities includes a Military Space Plane (MSP). An MSP is a concept to use reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technologies in a system to provide the military global access and reach in a timely fashion that could be operational within a decade. New awareness is evident from both recent federal commission reports and activities in Afghanistan of the military's possible use of such capabilities to provide asymmetric advantages. The MSP may eventually become part of a new spaceforce that coordinates the broad range of defensive and offensive space assets. In addition, a new emphasis is being placed upon NASA and the U.S. Air Force to coordinate activity on such a space plane/RLV development. The interaction of civilian and defense agencies for such a program has ramifications, not just in terms of the requirements on a final operational vehicle, but also on the legal charters of both entities. This examination presents operational scenarios for a military space plane in order to derive various legal implications.

  20. Pay Dispersion and Performance in Teams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bucciol, Alessandro; Foss, Nicolai J; Piovesan, Marco

    2014-01-01

    Extant research offers conflicting predictions about the effect of pay dispersion on team performance. We collected a unique dataset from the Italian soccer league to study the effect of intra-firm pay dispersion on team performance, under different definitions of what constitutes a "team......". This peculiarity of our dataset can explain the conflicting evidence. Indeed, we also find positive, null, and negative effects of pay dispersion on team performance, using the same data but different definitions of team. Our results show that when the team is considered to consist of only the members who directly...... contribute to the outcome, high pay dispersion has a detrimental impact on team performance. Enlarging the definition of the team causes this effect to disappear or even change direction. Finally, we find that the detrimental effect of pay dispersion is due to worse individual performance, rather than...

  1. Pay Dispersion and Performance in Teams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bucciol, Alessandro; Foss, Nicolai J; Piovesan, Marco

    2014-01-01

    Extant research offers conflicting predictions about the effect of pay dispersion on team performance. We collected a unique dataset from the Italian soccer league to study the effect of intra-firm pay dispersion on team performance, under different definitions of what constitutes a "team......". This peculiarity of our dataset can explain the conflicting evidence. Indeed, we also find positive, null, and negative effects of pay dispersion on team performance, using the same data but different definitions of team. Our results show that when the team is considered to consist of only the members who directly...... contribute to the outcome, high pay dispersion has a detrimental impact on team performance. Enlarging the definition of the team causes this effect to disappear or even change direction. Finally, we find that the detrimental effect of pay dispersion is due to worse individual performance, rather than...

  2. Pay Dispersion and Performance in Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucciol, Alessandro; Foss, Nicolai J.; Piovesan, Marco

    2014-01-01

    Extant research offers conflicting predictions about the effect of pay dispersion on team performance. We collected a unique dataset from the Italian soccer league to study the effect of intra-firm pay dispersion on team performance, under different definitions of what constitutes a “team”. This peculiarity of our dataset can explain the conflicting evidence. Indeed, we also find positive, null, and negative effects of pay dispersion on team performance, using the same data but different definitions of team. Our results show that when the team is considered to consist of only the members who directly contribute to the outcome, high pay dispersion has a detrimental impact on team performance. Enlarging the definition of the team causes this effect to disappear or even change direction. Finally, we find that the detrimental effect of pay dispersion is due to worse individual performance, rather than a reduction of team cooperation. PMID:25397615

  3. Long-Term Implications of the 2016 Future Years Defense Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    planning, design , construction , and major restoration of military facilities. Those appropriations also pay for the base realignment and closure (BRAC...process, including environmental assessments of sites designated for closure and construction projects needed to help consolidate personnel and units...preparations are made for manufacturing (including developing manufacturing processes, designing for mass production , and managing cost). Most studies of

  4. 5 CFR 550.904 - Authorization of hazard pay differential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authorization of hazard pay differential... Authorization of hazard pay differential. (a) An agency shall pay the hazard pay differential listed in appendix... this subpart. However, hazard pay differential may not be paid to an employee when the hazardous...

  5. Transforming Military Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-15

    McGraw Hill, 2005), 608. 41 Peter Guy Northouse , Leadership : Theory and Practice (New York: Sage Publications Inc, 2004), 151. 42 Ibid, 151. 43...KEY TERMS: Globalization, Military Transformation, Leadership CLASSIFICATION: Unclassified A phrase that captures the challenges associated with the... leadership competencies to fully execute our National Security Strategy across the parochial elements of diplomatic, information, military and economic

  6. USSR Report, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    watermelons, tobacco and grain on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov for many years. A distinctive characteristic of theirs was a virtually zero forward...military-patriot- ic films and books, debates, trips to historic places, meetings with veterans, "Me- morial Shifts" and military sport

  7. Improving Military Ties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China and the United States appear poised to strengthen their troubled military exchanges Vice Chairman of China’s Central Military Commission Xu Caihou kicked off his 10-day-long official visit to the United States in a bid to

  8. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-25

    enhancement of the efficiency of ideo- logical work and improvement in all forms of political training and party educa - tion and instruction. A...perfecting of the military training of commanders, staffs, and all 13 personnel, and to the improvement of the political, military, and moral educa - tion of

  9. Military Culture and Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    mines the success of transformation. The period between 1914 and 1945 shows the dynamic nature of military innova - tion and the difficulty military...maximized unity of effort. Leaders can foster a disciplined culture that encourages change and innova - tion by “creating a consistent system with clear

  10. Iraqi Military Academies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nodar Z. Mossaki

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the system of training of officers in military academies in Iraq – in Zakho, Qalacholan, ar-Rustamiyah and an-Nasiriyah. The author describes the history of creation, process of evolution, challenges and features of training in these colleges. Particular attention paid to military academies in the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan, which actually do not obey the central government of Iraq, however, have the highest level of training. Currently, Iraq's military academies operate on the basis of the NATO standards. Iraqi military academies paid miuch attention to the specifics of the military and political situation in Iraq – counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations, patrolling cities, fighting in an urban environment etc. Significant place in the curriculum take the courses contributing to the formation of pro-Western sentiment.

  11. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... militaries and explore what kind of strategies can overcome this gap between input and output. Instead of focusing on military strategy, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen seeks to draw on the ideas of business strategy to assess alternative business cases - reforming military HR to combat instability in the 'Global...... South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them...

  12. The Effects of Military Change of Station Moves on Spousal Earnings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    military spouse issues. It may also interest scholars who study labor economics, family migration and career outcomes, and the gender pay gap . This...25 Table A.1 Detailed Servicemember Race Characteristics...wife to a new duty station. The inherently disruptive nature of moving could have negative effects on productivity, thereby lowering wages . Moreover

  13. Before the Next Hurricane Katrina: A Strategic Approach to Enhancing Military Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    agrees to cover all unit operational costs and pay and health care benefits are standardized for all deploying Guard members. In essence under...the military to civil authorities can be traced to the precedent of the 1794 Whisky Rebellion during which President Washington federalized and

  14. Shrinking the Civil-Military Divide: A Military Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-13

    Government, the United States Military resides . If the government is a behemoth, it is in no small part due to the size of the military. As one...Department’s future military leaders. See no evil , hear no evil , speak no evil is the curriculum when it comes to civil- military relations, partisan

  15. Behavioral and Pharmacological Tobacco Interventions for Military Personnel: A Meta Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-03

    may pay for your basic journal publishing charges (to include costs for tables and black and white photos). We cannot pay for reprints. If you are a...D: Tri-Service Nursing Research Program (TSNRP); Defense Medical Research & Development Program (OMRDP); NIH: Congressionally Directed Medical...This should be accomplished no later than 30 days before final clearance Is required to publish/present your materials. If you have any questions or

  16. Military Children’s Perceptions of Parents’ Frequent Missile Base Deployments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-26

    pay for your basic journal publishing charges (to include costs fo r tables and black and white photos). We cannot pay for reprints. If you are a 59...Tri-Service Nursing Research Program (TSNRP); Defense Medical Research & Development Program (DMRDP): NIH; Congressionally Directed Medical Research...final clearance Is required to publish/present your materials. If you have any questions or concerns. please contact the 59 CRD/Publications and

  17. Russian Military Politics and Russia’s 2010 Defense Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Evra- ziiskii dom: Informatsoinenno-analiticheskii portal, September 7, 2009, available from www.eurasianhome.org/xml/t/expert.xml? lang =ru& nic...Rosa Contest,” Sevodnya, October 9, 1993, p. 1. 17. “The Basic Provisions.” 18. Ibid. 19. Serge Schmemann, “Russia Drops Pledge of No First Use of Atom...available from www.eurasianhome.org/xml/t/ex- pert.xml? lang =ru&nic=expert&pid=2148. 164. A. Kondrat’ev, “Nekotorye osobennosti realizatsii kont- septsii

  18. Department of Defense Operation and Financial Support for Military Museums

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    programs in FY2009. Th e museum also off ers a variety of public tours and programs, including the docent -led U.S. Air Force Heritage Tour and the Behind...155,983 1 0 6 155,983 1 0UTAH TOTAL Air Force Total done through innovative exhibits and displays as well as docent and self-guided tours. In addition...Exhibits Manager is responsible for the design, fabrication and maintenance of museum exhibits. The Docent Manager is responsible for training all

  19. Military Women in the Department of Defense. Volume 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-01

    41 Grade and Years of Service (YOS) 43 Milit ,m (’ccupation Group 47 Civdi Educaion 50 Retention 52 Attrition (1981)/History (1972-1981) Fiscal Year...last set the first set of charts (ompares retention and promotion fur of bars, labeled with pa ,-grades, shows the grade distribution of qeleted grades

  20. 2004 Defense Economics Conference: Informing the Debate on Military Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-12-01

    relearn the lessons from those bodies . What I would like to see is a competitive up-or-out system in the junior grades and a transition to a career force...what it takes to put together a human resource strategy that will work in the future. My studies of Gen X and Y and the millenials —which leaders...first meeting with union leadership. We had to get this body and get people involved for them to be part of it. Otherwise, you won’t get by them later

  1. Defense Economics Conference (2004). Military Compensation: Informing the Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-09

    willing, of a history of the all-volunteer force, I had the good fortune to be able to go back and relearn the lessons from those bodies . What I would... millenials —which leaders ought to be doing—tell me that today’s generation wants a chance to make a difference. If we provide an opportunity for them...first meeting with our team, Mike was there and maybe David Chu was there, but it was the first meeting with union leadership. We had to get this body

  2. FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-23

    Existing DOD policy defined maternity leave as, “a convalescent period up to 6 weeks following pregnancy and childbirth.” The new policy, as...discharge review boards of claims asserting Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in connection with sexual trauma...535 requires additional consideration by discharge review boards of claims asserting Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or Traumatic Brain

  3. Architecture for Cyber Defense Simulator in Military Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    text message and warns the other members of the platoon about enemy presence. After that, the Platoon Commander uses the WIMAX network of the armored...and transmits his guidelines, using an IP telephone and an WIMAX network for the entire platoon, sending photos taken by the soldier, the enemy’s data...means between the assets (nodes). In this instance: data cables, wireless networks, wimax , wireless connections are the edges while computers

  4. Military Women in the Department of Defense. Volume 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-01

    40.131 so0 50- 40- 40- 30- 30- 20- 20’ 10 10- ~ - 0 - W 12 T I ILT ICAPT IMAJ LT COL GEN 14 510 1116 1722 2340 1.4 COL GRADE YEARS OF SERVICE ARMY RESERVE...8217 IMAJ /LCDR LT COL/CDR COLICAPT %BASE I RETAINED COHORT 1985 ___________ IGRADE HELD, 1985 4’ El WOM EN ,ME OFFICER ADVANCEMENT FY 80 MAJ/LCDR AS OF FY...PERCENT 40 70 WHITE 1,719 BLACK 336 *HISPANIC 86 6 OTHER 68 30 50 40 20"- X30., lo-- 20 10 0- 0- .1 1 -IN 10 , wo 2LT IT ICAPT IMAJ IT C0 4 5.10 1116

  5. Selected Soviet Military Translations (Air Force and Civil Defense Materials),

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    suspension of bombs in an. airplane can bo causes for this negative plionomonon. Cross action of tho controls consists of tho fact -chat under certain...controlled manually. The effect of the place of suspension of bombs is shown when tho machine is put into a turn,, or when it is held in a turn, as...and Sergey Stopanonko have repeatedly won first prizes in city and republic competitions. ’ , A , Twenty-seven sports.drivers of scooters and

  6. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    of the national Honduran , Bahamian, and Marshall Islands economy as are necessary to provide for the registries. These ships are considered most...completed. secure data concerning the meteorological, hydrographic, or geographic characteristics of record information--All forms (e.g., narrative , a...to permit spotter in calling fire. the lifting and handling of containers or vehicles and breakbulk cargo. spot report--A concise narrative report of

  7. The Revolution in Military Affairs: A Framework for Defense Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-10

    history optimism and the belief that major war is impossible, whether because of cultural factors or because of a shift to a " geoeconomic " era.2° At the...John Mueller, Retreat from Doomsday: "he Obsolescence of Major War, New York: Basic Books, 1989; and Edward Luttwak, "From Geopolitics to Geoeconomics

  8. Department of Defense Dictionary Of Military and Associated Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-31

    tanker/airlift control center, as required. Also called AMD . See also air mobility; joint air operations center. (JP 3-17) air mobility liaison...microorganism that causes disease in personnel, plants, or animals or causes the deterioration of materiel. See also biological weapon; chemical...except that which is invested in such a position by delegation to exercise command in another’s name. chronic radiation dose — A dose of ionizing

  9. Military Base Closures and Affected Defense Department Civil Service Employees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-07

    employees adversely affected by BRAC. Outplacement subsidies could also be offered to other federal agencies to hire displaced DOD employees through...for its civilians, such as outplacement services, priority placement and separation incentives, will be available to employees under NSPS

  10. [Analysis on characteristics of ocular trauma caused by military affairs in soldiers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ying; Zhang, Mao-nian; Jiang, Cai-hui; Qiu, Huai-yu

    2011-10-01

    To investigate and analyze the epidemiological, clinical and prognostic characteristics of ocular trauma in soldiers caused by military affairs and compared with those in trauma caused by non-military causes. A retrospective study on eye injury cases of military inpatients in 15 military general hospitals from 2001 to 2005 was performed and the data of 716 cases (772 eyes) were statistically analyzed. Three hundred and sixty inpatients (398 eyes) caused by military affairs accounted for 50.28% (360/716) of all military inpatients with eye injuries. The difference between trauma cases caused by military affairs and non-military affairs included: higher male/female ratio, 99.45% (358/360), 96.38% (343/356) (χ(2) = 6.92, P = 0.009) and younger age, averaged (23.14 ± 5.23) yrs vs. (26.94 ± 10.45) yrs (t = -6.163, P military affairs were explosion (12.78%, 46/360) and construction of national defense (12.78%, 46/360); whereas sports in leisure accounted for 35.96% cases in trauma caused by non-military affairs. The other characters of trauma caused by military affairs included: more non-mechanical globe injuries, 12.06% (48/398), 2.67% (10/374) (χ(2) = 23.12, P military affairs is more severe and poorer in prognosis and is the direct factor that causing the decrease of military power. Emphasis should be placed on the prevention and treatment of eye injuries caused by military affairs.

  11. Moving Target Defense

    CERN Document Server

    Jajodia, Sushil; Swarup, Vipin; Wang, Cliff; Wang, X Sean

    2011-01-01

    Moving Target Defense: Creating Asymmetric Uncertainty for Cyber Threats was developed by a group of leading researchers. It describes the fundamental challenges facing the research community and identifies new promising solution paths. Moving Target Defense which is motivated by the asymmetric costs borne by cyber defenders takes an advantage afforded to attackers and reverses it to advantage defenders. Moving Target Defense is enabled by technical trends in recent years, including virtualization and workload migration on commodity systems, widespread and redundant network connectivity, instr

  12. Early Birds in Korea: Exporting Defense AT and L Has Far Reaching Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    but it is a daunting challenge to assess and find effective ways to make the fundamental changes needed while staying true to a strong bureaucratic...MND, military Services and the DAPA, particularly on foreign military sales (FMS) and defense cooperation in armaments programs. JUSMAG-K has...Army led the nascent EBS club as a freshly promoted lieutenant colonel and now is in charge of Korea’s important tank projects. Acting as a servant

  13. Brazil’s National Defense Strategy -- A Deepening of Civilian Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-15

    Identity Crisis.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 42, no.3 (Autumn 2000): 149 in JSTOR (Accessed September 17, 2008). 26 Ibid. 161 27...34 Ibid. 35 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, “Military Expenditure Database – Brazil,” http://milexdata.sipri.org/result.php4...International Peace Research Institute, “Military Expenditure Database – Brazil,” 59 Jobim and Unger, National Defense Strategy. 60 Senior SOUTHCOM

  14. Defense Management in the 1980s: The Role of the Service Secretaries,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-01

    defense." In assessing the significance of the 1949 amendments on the role of Service Secretaries, Professor John C. Ries has written: As the Secretary of...in military organizations those difficulties are 24 particularly acute. In his classic study of innovation and the military. Edward Katzenbach ...Secretaries often do provide DOD with unique managerial capabilities unavailable from other sources. 48 ENDNOTES 1. The literature is extensive. John

  15. Dynamic defense workshop :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crosby, Sean Michael; Doak, Justin E.; Haas, Jason Juedes.; Helinski, Ryan; Lamb, Christopher C.

    2013-02-01

    On September 5th and 6th, 2012, the Dynamic Defense Workshop: From Research to Practice brought together researchers from academia, industry, and Sandia with the goals of increasing collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories and external organizations, de ning and un- derstanding dynamic, or moving target, defense concepts and directions, and gaining a greater understanding of the state of the art for dynamic defense. Through the workshop, we broadened and re ned our de nition and understanding, identi ed new approaches to inherent challenges, and de ned principles of dynamic defense. Half of the workshop was devoted to presentations of current state-of-the-art work. Presentation topics included areas such as the failure of current defenses, threats, techniques, goals of dynamic defense, theory, foundations of dynamic defense, future directions and open research questions related to dynamic defense. The remainder of the workshop was discussion, which was broken down into sessions on de ning challenges, applications to host or mobile environments, applications to enterprise network environments, exploring research and operational taxonomies, and determining how to apply scienti c rigor to and investigating the eld of dynamic defense.

  16. Troubled by unequal pay rather than low pay: The incentive effects of a top management team pay gap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Xu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available We examine the relationships with firm performance of the internal pay gap among individual members of the top management team (TMT and the compensation level of TMT members relative to their industry peers. We find that pay gap is positively related to firm performance and that this positive relation is stronger when the TMT pay level is higher than the industry median. However, we do not observe such effects in Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs, in which both the executive managerial market and compensation are government-regulated. We also document that cutting central SOE managers’ pay level can increase firm value, whereas doing so for local SOE managers has the opposite effect. Our findings have important implications for research on TMT compensation as well as for policy makers considering SOE compensation reform.

  17. Performance Pay and the "Time Squeeze"

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Tor Viking; Ortega, Jaime

    2007-01-01

    Earlier studies of the impact of performance pay on individuals’ behavior have primarily been concerned with the effects on their earnings and productivity. The productivity increases associated with the adoption of performance pay practices may, however, come at the expense of quality of life at or outside work. In this paper we study the effect on the employees’ out-of-work activities, testing whether performance pay contracts lead to a “time squeeze” for non-work activities. In doing so, w...

  18. Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-01

    defense outsourcing statistics indicates that the MoD most closely matches DoD trends. As Figure 1 shows, the number of UK MoD “ public private partnerships ” (PPP...International Statistics on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Defense. with the premise that “there are no military core competencies, and that all...and scope of MoD’s “ public private partnerships ” program. The second analyses the premises underpinning the “government orthodoxy” and the

  19. Analysis of Foreign Military Sales (FMS) in U.S. Army Acquisition Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    foreign military sales (FMS), integrate within the Army’s domestic acquisition programs. Research explores what effect FMS has on the Army’s...maintain the ability to ramp up for a future conflict. One way to preserve our domestic industrial base is to promote the sale of our defense...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA JOINT APPLIED PROJECT ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN MILITARY SALES (FMS) IN U.S. ARMY

  20. Effect analysis of U.S. military aid to the Republic of Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Tae Young

    1989-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited. During the last forty years, the U.S. and Korea have maintained a close and friendly relationship. Especially on the military side, the U.S. has dedicated much to Korean military development. The U.S. has also played the role of constrainer to keep North Korea from attacking South Korea. On the other hand, because of Korean economic development and improvement of its self defense capacity, that relationship has be...

  1. The Role of Ethics in U.S. Military Humanitarian Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    hasten to acclaim that no decision to intervene takes place within a historical vacuum or upon a tabula rasa . More often than not, decisions of...NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY NATIONAL WAR COLLEGE THE ROLE OF ETHICS IN U.S. MILITARY HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTION CAPTAIN MEL FERGUSON, CHC, USN...2001 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2001 to 00-00-2001 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Role of Ethics in U.S. Military Humanitarian

  2. Military Sexual Assault: Chronology of Activity in Congress and Related Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    Announces Investigation at Fort Hood, Texas,” DOD News Release, May 14, 2013, at http://www.defense.gov/releases/release.aspx?releaseid=16005 12 Jim ...Personnel Policy, Subtitle E—Sexual Assault Prevention and Response and Military Justice. Websites (non-government) Service Women Action Network ( SWAN ...for women veterans and their families.” Included is information on a SWAN briefing paper on military sexual assault at http://servicewomen.org/wp

  3. Honduras Defense Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-22

    and its Organization .......... 14 Civil -Military Relations ............................17 Impact of the Military on the Government ........... 18 Ill...Discovered by Columbus in his last voyage in August 1502, Honduras was part of the Mayan Empire that flourished throughout Southern Mexico, Guatemala...34 + " ’- " - ’ ] , . i + .°, +,.o .r+ .* -- 7--- -. * - I . .. .. early 1930’s. Civil wars, armed revolts and political struggle for power was the common denominator

  4. Contaminants at Arctic formerly used defense sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DO Carpenter

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted in order to determine if the source of contaminants at formerly used defense sites (FUDS in Alaska were deposited as a result of military occupancy or from long-­-distance transport. This determination largely influences whether remediation will occur, and, if so, to what extent. For this reason, plant samples (rinsed and unrinsed and sediment cores were collected at military and remote sites on St. Lawrence Island (SLI and Norton Sound, Alaska during the summers of 2002, 2006, and 2007 and analyzed for persistent organic pollutants. On St. Lawrence Island sediment core samples were collected at the Northeast Cape FUDS, also a traditional fishing/hunting camp, and were sectioned and analyzed for concentrations of Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB congeners, Mirex, Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE, Hexachlorobenzene (HCB, Mercury and Cesium-­-137 (137Cs. Differences in the total concentrations and distributions of PCB congeners, Mirex, DDE and Mercury in sediment cores and in plants collected from the two SLI and three Norton Sound mainland formerly used defense sites indicate the majority of the contaminants found can be temporally related to releases during military occupancy and subsequent redistribution of contaminants. Contaminants in plant samples at the SLI sites are elevated relative to the two remote sites located on St. Lawrence Island and the three mainland Norton Sound FUDS at Elim, Unalakleet, and Wales. The concentrations, lateral and vertical distribution of the total PCBs, and congener-­-specific differences in sediments and plants readily differentiate locally derived from globally transported contaminants. The relative contaminant concentrations in sediment cores and between rinsed and unrinsed plants collected from the NEC FUDS indicate contaminants were remobilized and redistributed during recent site remediation activities.

  5. Department of Defense General/Flag Officer Worldwide Roster

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    JOINT LOGISTICS SYSTEMS COMMIAND ELLIOT ERNEST A RADMWL) USN 9212 930601 FIELD ACTIVITIES COMMANDER DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT COMMAND VINCENT LEONARD...BG USAF 9306 930701 COMMAND SURGEON ROADMAN CHARLES H II BG USAF 9206 900601 CHIEF COUNSEL HEMINGWAY THOMAS L BG USAF 9206 920501 MILITARY TRAFFIC...COMMANDER CHRISTENSEN ERNEST E JR RAON(L) USN 9309 921201 FLEET AIR - KEFLAVIK COMMANDER HASKINS MICHAEL D RADM(L) USN 9208 930801 SOUTH ATLANTIC FORCE

  6. India’s Strategic Defense Transformation: Expanding Global Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    duct Joint Military Exercise in India,” Channel NewsAsia , December 16, 2008, available from www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singapore localnews/view...INDIA’S STRATEGIC DEFENSE TRANSFORMATION: EXPANDING GLOBAL RELATIONSHIPS Brian K. Hedrick November 2009 The views expressed in this report are those...controversial perspectives in the interest of furthering debate on key issues. This report is cleared for public release; distribution is unlimited

  7. Department of Defense Youth Poll Wave 11 - June 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    recruiting goals set by The Department of Defense (DoD) have gone unmet as recruiters struggle to overcome the many daunting obstacles that have recently... obstacles to this improvement are the ongoing War in Iraq, decreasing approval ratings for the current administration and its’ use of the Military, and a...Business Math? D A Computer Science Class? E Intermediate Algebra or Algebra II? F Trigonometry ? G Calculus? H Physics? Appendix E: Youth Poll

  8. Linking and Streamlining the Defense Requirements, Acquisition, and Budget Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    Mr. William R. Phillips; Dr. Dov S. Zakheim; General Michael P.C. Carns , USAF (Ret); Admiral Vernon E. Clark, USN (Ret); and General Paul J. Kern... Carns , USAF (Ret) General Paul Kern, USA (Ret) Colonel Jack Curran, USA, DBB Military Assistant Task Group Overview 4  Analyzed Past Studies...Mvtlon An aty.ls Phn•- Technology Dev .. opm•nt Phno --- ---Engln .. rln g &. Manl.lfactvrlng Oovolopm.nt Ph •M--- ---:=:.:=::.:.:.==-==· r\\ DEFENSE

  9. European Security and Defense Policy: The Dialectics of Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    only certain types of missions. Rather than centering on a robust military capability, Europe’s security concept has recently been more diplomatically... Pompidou : The Politics of Grandeur (Ithica, NY: Cornell University Press, 1974), p. 316. 27 of a powerful national leader. The gains of the EC were...procedures, operations centers and headquarters that were not already available via NATO. As European states were experiencing falling defense budgets, this

  10. State Defense Forces and Their Role in American Homeland Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    familysecuritymatters.org/publications/id.7744/pub_detail.asp. 2 Arthur Tulak, Robert Kraft, and Don Silbaugh, “State Defense Forces and Homeland Security...not part of an elite group of well-armed, well-trained military soldiers hardened by the trials of lethal combat—most were simply the undesirables of...Guard. Accessed September 15, 2014. http://www.tnmilitary.org/tennessee-state- guard.html. Tulak, Arthur , Robert Kraft, and Don Silbaugh. “State

  11. The ASEAN Political-Security Community: Enhancing Defense Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    meeting that year, they agreed to a broader goal of creating an ASEAN Community, which would have three pillars . One of these would be the ASEAN... pillars . Under APSC, endorsing and enhancing defense cooperation through military engagement is evidence to support the argument that ASEAN has changed...economy. A similar case happened to the West Papua, where its natural resources— copper and gold—had been exploited with little compensation and

  12. Advancing Military Professionalism in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Military and Militarization of Politics The politicization of the military is the tip of an iceberg that very often conceals an active competition...military, in turn, should be modeled to meet its mission. If there is no clear need for a large externally facing military, government should...By providing equal access to education to its members, a military can model equity in the allocation of public resources while building a sense of

  13. Performance Related Pay and Labour Productivity

    OpenAIRE

    Gielen, Anne; Kerkhofs, Marcel J M; Jan C. van Ours

    2006-01-01

    This paper uses information from a panel of Dutch firms to investigate the labour productivity effects of performance related pay (PRP). We find that PRP increases labour productivity at the firm level with about 9%.

  14. Characteristics and Pay of Federal Civilian Employees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    both overall and within broad occupational categories, than the pay of workers who are covered by the Gen - eral Schedule.Systematic comparisons of...possess good analytical and writing skills. Physician’s assistants, paralegal special- ists, air traffic controllers, technical writers and edi- tors...entire Gen - eral Schedule, especially in terms of linking pay with performance. Federal jobs are also classified in another way that indi- cates the

  15. Explaining personality pay gaps in the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Nandi, Alita; Nicoletti, Cheti

    2009-01-01

    Using the British Household Panel Survey we examine how the Big Five personality traits - openness to experience, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism - affect wages. We estimate mean and quantile pay gaps between people with low and high levels of each of the Big Five, and decompose these pay gaps in the part explained by differences in workers’ characteristics and in the residual unexplained part. We find that openness to experience is the most relevant personal...

  16. HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT EDUCATION - FROM OPERATIONAL CONCEPTUALIZATION TO THE MILITARY SYSTEM’S TRANSFORMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodor FRUNZETI

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The strategic environment underwent significant alterations having to do with the nature and typology of risks, both globally and regionally. Therefore, military policies and strategies have altered significantly, that is, passing from risk-based defense planning to capability-based defense planning. This calls for the development of a robust modeling and simulation architecture of the military systems for educational and training purposes in order to achieve short-, medium-, and long-term capabilities. The accomplishment of an education and training architecture at a joint and inter-agency level permits the analysis and confirmation of solutions for functional fields.

  17. Avian host defense peptides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Tryntsje; Coorens, M.; van Dijk, A.; Haagsman, H.P.

    2013-01-01

    Host defense peptides (HDPs) are important effector molecules of the innate immune system of vertebrates. These antimicrobial peptides are also present in invertebrates, plants and fungi. HDPs display broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and fulfill an important role in the first line of defense

  18. Defense Mechanisms: A Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, Bonnie C.

    This bibliography includes studies of defense mechanisms, in general, and studies of multiple mechanisms. Defense mechanisms, briefly and simply defined, are the unconscious ego defendants against unpleasure, threat, or anxiety. Sigmund Freud deserves the clinical credit for studying many mechanisms and introducing them in professional literature.…

  19. 77 FR 8824 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces a proposed public information..., please write to Military Pay, Standards and Compliance, Defense Finance and Accounting Service,...

  20. Crimean Crisis and Military Balance in Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongshu Li

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available As the Crimean Crisis goes on, many analysis have been focusing on the dynamics among parties of Ukraine, the EU, the US and Russia. Very few noticed another important strategic impact the Crisis may cause: the Chinese military rebalancing in East Asia. China has been increasingly confident in assuming both political and military power in the East Asian region. The confidence resulted in the South China Sea disputes with ASEAN countries, “Anti-Secession Law” against Taiwan, and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands Dispute with Japan. Behind such confidence of China, the EU has consistently been exporting defence products to China since the end of the Cold War; Ukraine, although sometimes reluctantly, has also been backing China along the process of building up a stronger navy as well as other defense industry construction; Russia has traditionally been supplying China with a wide range of military hardware. It can be noticed that the Crimean Crisis involved three out of four countries and region that have been behind China’s rise. How will the Crimean Crisis influence China’s rebalance in East Asia then? The answers stay opaque. This paper will attempt to answer the questions.

  1. Defense Industry Clusters in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Alpaslan Demir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available All countries strive for a capable national defense supported by a strong national defense industry. Supporting national defense with imported defense systems has many limitations and risks because the terms of arms trade agreements between countries may easily be influenced by the political climate of the signatories. As a result, establishing an independent national defense requires a strong national defense industry. Furthermore, exporting defense systems may be an important source of national income. National defense industries mostly consist of large-scale defense firms that have the resources required for big defense contracts. However, small to medium enterprises (SMEs do not have the necessary resources, therefore they are at a disadvantage. To overcome this handicap and be part of the business, defense industry clusters mostly consisting of SMEs are being established. Provided that there is good national planning and support in this area, defense clusters consisting of SMEs may play a significant role in industry. SMEs have a chance to offer specialized services, special or customized products when needed. As a result, large defense firms subcontract certain portions of defense projects to SMEs. Since 2010, Turkey has shown signs of continuous improvement in defense industry clustering. In parallel with these developments, this study discusses the importance of clustering in the defense industry, briefly presents the state of the Turkish defense industry as highlighted by national statistics, and presents the current status of defense clusters in Turkey. The novelty of this article consists in its assessment of Turkish defense clusters.

  2. The state of antimicrobial resistance surveillance in the military health system: a review of improvements made in the last 10 years and remaining surveillance gaps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekera, Ruvani M; Lesho, Emil P; Chukwuma, Uzo; Cummings, James F; Waterman, Paige E

    2015-02-01

    During a military public health laboratory symposium held in 1999, concerns were raised that the military health system lacked a standardized antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance system that allowed comparison of data across sites, investigation of trends, and understanding of resistance mechanisms. The purpose of this review was to assess if current AMR activities in the military health system have addressed the aforementioned gaps. It was determined that much progress has already been made within the Department of Defense with respect to monitoring and understanding AMR through initiatives such as the Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Program-a strong Department of Defense-wide surveillance program. These surveillance efforts can be made more robust through harmonization of testing and reporting structures across military treatment facilities, and by encouraging military treatment facility participation. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  3. U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-19

    comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 19 JUN 2012 2. REPORT TYPE 3...consideration of modifying the law in an interview: Tony Capaccio, “Fallon Wants to Jumpstart Military Contacts between U.S., China,” Bloomberg, March...9th DCT included 2nd Artillery Deputy Chief of Staff Yang Zhiguo. In April 2008, the PLA and the Defense Department held talks in Washington on

  4. The Effect of Windmill Farms on Military Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    rated capacities may continue to increase as higher strength materials are employed in fabrication of turbine blades and other components, it also...reduce its RCS and be unlikely to result in a significant change in cost. Use of a radar-absorbing material in the construction of the turbine blades ...REPORT TO THE CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES The Effect of Windmill Farms On Military Readiness 2006

  5. United States Strategic Doctrine and the Evolution of Military Airlift

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    and Company, 1983), p. 6?. ’Frank R. Barnett; Huqh B. Tovar ; and Richard H. Shultz, Special Operations in U.S. Strategy (Washington, D. C.: National...world, we must have the support of the C-17."𔃻 Pro jections Samuel Huntington emphasizes the importance of time management in future military...8217 - BIBLIOGRAPHY Art, Robert J.; Davis, Vincent; and Huntington, Samuel P. Reorganizing America’s Defense. Washington D. C.: Pergam-Brassey’s International

  6. Civil-Military Relations: From Vietnam to Operation Iraqi Freedom

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    jaded towards their services best interest.60 The next revision, The Defense Reorganization Act of 1958, initiated during the Eisenhower...crisis with the military was the Bay of Pigs fiasco.97 The operation which had been approved for planning and preparation by the Eisenhower...WWII as a statistician, teaching them the benefits statistical analysis. Also, more recently, the Bay of Pigs had shaped his strategic outlook.131

  7. Military Manpower and the All-Volunteer Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-09-01

    Harvard University Press, Cambridge. Mass., 1947; and Robert M. Solow , "The Production Function and the Theory of Capital," Review of Economic Studies...unpublished paper, December 1971. Huck, Daniel F., "The Elimination of the Military Draft: A Case Study in the Application ofthe Unbalanced Growth...Defense Manpower Policy, The Rand Corporation, forthcom- ing. Solow , Robert, "The Production Function and the Theory of Capital," Review of

  8. Theory and Methods for Supporting High Level Military Decisionmaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Gompert, and Kugler, 1996; Davis, 2002a). The relationship between defense applications and finance is more metaphorical than mathematical. A...be summarized as the fractal problem: • • 62 Theory and Methods for Supporting High-Level Military Decisionmaking Describing objectives...strategies, tactics, and tasks is a fractal matter—i.e., the concepts apply and are needed at each level, whether that of the president, the theater commander

  9. Military Suicide Research Consortium: Extension to New Opportunities and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-01

    13 7. Participants & Other Collaborating Organizations................................14 8. Special Reporting Requirements ……………………………..…….….15 9...appropriate for decision makers, practitioners, and others who are accountable for ensuring the mental health of military personnel. (7) Train future...Kate Nassauer, and CAPT Mike Colston, Director of the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health & Traumatic Brain Injury (DCoE) to

  10. Into the Eye of the Commander: Military Advisory During Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    with the ISF and help them develop their own sense of a professional military. Even after General Petraeus led the re-write of the Army Field Manual ...mission, and are echoed in the Army and Marine Corps‘ latest counterinsurgency manual .125 In 24 this way, US advisors can attain the accord as described...COIN Operations,‖ Master of Science in Defense Analysis Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, ( Monterrey , CA: NPS, December 2009), 36. 104 Thomas

  11. Forecasting military expenditure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Böhmelt

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available To what extent do frequently cited determinants of military spending allow us to predict and forecast future levels of expenditure? The authors draw on the data and specifications of a recent model on military expenditure and assess the predictive power of its variables using in-sample predictions, out-of-sample forecasts and Bayesian model averaging. To this end, this paper provides guidelines for prediction exercises in general using these three techniques. More substantially, however, the findings emphasize that previous levels of military spending as well as a country’s institutional and economic characteristics particularly improve our ability to predict future levels of investment in the military. Variables pertaining to the international security environment also matter, but seem less important. In addition, the results highlight that the updated model, which drops weak predictors, is not only more parsimonious, but also slightly more accurate than the original specification.

  12. Families in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Contents Facts For Families Guide - View by Topic Chinese Facts for Families Guide Facts For Families Guide - Search Spanish Facts for Families Guide Facts for Families - Vietnamese Military Families No. 88; updated March 2017 Global conflict ...

  13. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... navigation Sign in Search Loading... Close Yeah, keep it Undo Close This video is unavailable. Watch Queue ... trial of YouTube Red. Working... No thanks Try it free Find out why Close About Military Sexual ...

  14. Providing for the Common Defense? The Effects of Recent Arms Trade Reform on the Army Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Finnemore , Martha . National Interests in International Society. Cornell Studies in Political Economy. Edited by Peter J. Katzenstein. Ithaca: Cornell...taking both the economic and security interest behind the sale of weapons abroad into account, give more credence to national , regional, and global...defense and security of the Nation and its interests is constitutionally within the jurisdiction of the military professions. Even though defense

  15. Should the Defense Fuel Supply Center Trade in the Futures Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    Market Research and Analysis . This department employs numerous industry economists, market analysts, and Strategic Petroleum Reserve experts. They provide...Contract Review. The actual buying offices include the 2 1nterview between C. Lee, Director of Market Research and Analysis , Defense Fuel Supply Center...redoubled their efforts to dramatically reduce military budgets. 4Interview between C. Lee, Director of Market Research and Analysis , Defense

  16. The Impact of Civilian Control on Contemporary Defense Planning Systems: Challenges for South East Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    NATO – Decisive Test for the Government of the Republic of Moldova,” Folder: Pros and Cos of NATO, November 13, 2009, http://prisa.md/eng... Barany , Zoltan. Defense Academy Publication Series. Vienna: National Defense Experience. Comparative Politics, Vol. 30, No. 1 (October 1997): 21...and Military Effectiveness: Romania. Mija, Valeriu. “Implementation of IPAP RM-NATO – Decisive Test for the Government of the Republic of Moldova

  17. The Professional Military Ethic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-14

    profession. Overbey is more explicit in his doctoral thesis. He grounds his derived ethic in a utilitarian conception of morality. But he does not...THE PROFESSIONAL MILITARY ETHIC A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in partial...TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Professional Military Ethic 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Major

  18. Military Adaptation in War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    the Germans believed they had won the war. General Alfred Jodl, the OKW’s (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, the Armed Forces High Command) chief of staff...was soon in the hands of Britain’s political and military leaders: “OPERATION ADLER [EAGLE]. Within a short period you will wipe out the British air...in Airpower and Warfare, Proceedings of the Eighth Military History Symposium, ed. by Colonel Alfred F. Hurley and Major Robert C. Ehrhart

  19. 32 CFR 1630.13 - Class 1-D-D: Deferment for certain members of a reserve component or student taking military...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... reserve component or student taking military training. 1630.13 Section 1630.13 National Defense Other...: Deferment for certain members of a reserve component or student taking military training. In Class 1-D-D... (entire college level) Army Reserve Officer's Training Corps, or the Air Force Reserve Officer's...

  20. Military Planning in the Twentieth Century, Proceedings of the Military History Symposium (11th) Held on 10-12 October 1984,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    45 JlA ry carpers and journalists. 47 There was more truth in the fact that rearmament in France (as in Great Britain) began late, that the military...Dubik, "FM 100-5: Comparing the Operational Concept and the Defense," ibid, Dec 1982, pp 13-19; James C. Barbara and Robert F. Brown, "Deep Thrust

  1. Military and veteran health behavior research and practice: challenges and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haibach, Jeffrey P; Haibach, Michael Ann; Hall, Katherine S; Masheb, Robin M; Little, Melissa A; Shepardson, Robyn L; Dobmeyer, Anne C; Funderburk, Jennifer S; Hunter, Christopher L; Dundon, Margaret; Hausmann, Leslie R M; Trynosky, Stephen K; Goodrich, David E; Kilbourne, Amy M; Knight, Sara J; Talcott, Gerald W; Goldstein, Michael G

    2017-02-01

    There are 2.1 million current military servicemembers and 21 million living veterans in the United States. Although they were healthier upon entering military service compared to the general U.S. population, in the longer term veterans tend to be of equivalent or worse health than civilians. One primary explanation for the veterans' health disparity is poorer health behaviors during or after military service, especially areas of physical activity, nutrition, tobacco, and alcohol. In response, the Department of Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs continue to develop, evaluate, and improve health promotion programs and healthcare services for military and veteran health behavior in an integrated approach. Future research and practice is needed to better understand and promote positive health behavior during key transition periods in the military and veteran life course. Also paramount is implementation and evaluation of existing interventions, programs, and policies across the population using an integrated and person centered approach.

  2. The German Debate Over Military Peacekeeping Missions: The First Step Toward an Eventual Combat Role

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    by Hussein’s forces and the fear that Germany would be pulled into an unwanted war. Former Chancellor Willy Brandt of the SPD party and Germany’s...use of military force in the Gulf crisis was passed and war seemed inevitable, Defense Minister Gerhard Stoltenberg (CDU), at a special Bundestag...positions within two months of each other. Gerhard Stoltenberg, Minister of Defense (MOD) since 1989, stepped down on 31 March 1992 in the midst of an

  3. Globalization and the Military Industrial Base: Where Should U.S. Policy Go

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-09

    International Armaments Cooperation programs. Within the ITAR is the U.S. Munitions List ( USML ), which includes all goods, services, and technologies designated...as defense related.45 Exports of USML items or technologies must be licensed by the Office of Defense Trade Controls (DTC), a division of the...State Department’s Bureau of Political and Military Affairs.46 Exports not on the USML are generally under the regulatory jurisdiction of the Department

  4. Measuring Transparency in Military Expenditure: The Case of China

    OpenAIRE

    Perlo-Freeman, Samuel

    2011-01-01

    This policy brief discusses the key dimensions of military expenditure transparency and assesses them in relation to China. While spending transparency relates most obviously to the availability, reliability, detail, and comprehensiveness of information, it cannot be completely separated from broader defense policy formation issues. China has a robust framework for developing, implementing, and monitoring defense policy, budgeting, and expenditure, and producing readily-accessible budg...

  5. Measuring Transparency in Military Expenditure: The Case of China

    OpenAIRE

    Perlo-Freeman, Samuel

    2011-01-01

    This policy brief discusses the key dimensions of military expenditure transparency and assesses them in relation to China. While spending transparency relates most obviously to the availability, reliability, detail, and comprehensiveness of information, it cannot be completely separated from broader defense policy formation issues. China has a robust framework for developing, implementing, and monitoring defense policy, budgeting, and expenditure, and producing readily-accessible budget and ...

  6. Military Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Awareness Training for Health Care Providers Within the Military Health System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrader, Angela; Casero, Kellie; Casper, Bethany; Kelley, Mary; Lewis, Laura; Calohan, Jess

    2017-05-01

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals serving within the U.S. military and their beneficiaries have unique health care requirements. Department of Defense Directive 1304.26 "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" created a barrier for service members to speak candidly with their health care providers, which left specific health care needs unaddressed. There are no standardized cultural education programs to assist Military Health System (MHS) health care providers in delivering care to LGBT patients and their beneficiaries. The purpose of this project was to develop, implement, and evaluate the effectiveness of an LGBT educational program for health care providers within the MHS to increase cultural awareness in caring for this special population. This multisite educational program was conducted at Travis Air Force Base and Joint Base Lewis-McChord from November 15, 2014, to January 30, 2015. A 15-question multiple-choice questionnaire was developed based on the education program and was administered before and after the education program. A total of 51 individuals completed the program. Overall posttest scores improved compared to pretest scores. This program was designed to begin the process of educating health care providers about the unique health care issues of military LGBT Service Members and their beneficiaries. This program was the first to address the disparities in LGBT health care needs within the Department of Defense. It also provided a platform for facilitating open communication among providers regarding LGBT population health needs in the military.

  7. Defense and the Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    AD A 66 28 o’py 9of 27 copiesII AD-A266 288-co, .o,,,, I IDA PAPER P-28 10I * DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A...TYPE AND DATES COVERED January 1993 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Defense and the Economy C-MDA 903 89C 0003i...Fomr 298 (Rev 2-4g) 3Preserked by ANSI Sid, Z39- 2I0 I I I IDA PAPER P-2810() 3 DEFENSE AND THE ECONOMY I I David R. Graham An-Jen Tai Barbara A

  8. REKONSTRUKSI PEMBENTUKAN NATIONAL CYBER DEFENSE SEBAGAI UPAYA MEMPERTAHANKAN KEDAULATAN NEGARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Khalimatus Sa'diyah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Anxiety against cybercrime has become the world’s attention, but not all countries in the world is giving greater attention to the problem of cybercrime by having the rule and unless the developed countries and some developing countries. The purpose of this research is in order to find, examine and analyze the efforts of the Indonesia Government in the protection of State secrets information and data, also to research the forms of Indonesia Government resistance against cyber war. Find a reconstruction of national cyber defense formation or cyber army in an attempt to defend the sovereignty of the country. In Act No. 3 of 2002 on State Defense, it has been established that the threat in the country’s defense system consists of a military threat and non-military threat, which is including cyber threats. One of the negative effects of the cyber world development via the internet among other things is a crime in violation of the law cybercrime, where when the escalation widely spread, it could have threatened the country’s sovereignty, territorial integrity or the safety of the nation. In an effort to combat against the attacks in this virtual world, will require an agency that is in charge of being the world’s bulwark cyber or cyber defense.

  9. 76 FR 32859 - General Schedule Locality Pay Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... and all of Edwards Air Force Base, CA; (19) Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL--consisting of the... * * *''. OPM Response The locality pay statute bases locality pay on comparisons of General Schedule and non... bases locality pay on comparisons of General Schedule (GS) and non-Federal pay for the same levels of...

  10. Pay as You Speed, ISA with incentive for not speeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lahrmann, Harry; Agerholm, Niels; Tradisauskas, Nerius

    2012-01-01

    To simulate a market introduction of Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) and to study the effect of a Pay as You Speed (PAYS) concept, a field trial with 153 drivers was conducted during 2007–2009. The participants drove under PAYS conditions for a shorter or a longer period. The PAYS concept cons...

  11. Pay Equity Act, 17 May 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    This document contains major provisions of the 1988 Pay Equity Act of Prince Edward Island, Canada. (Nova Scotia enacted similar legislation in 1988.) This act defines "female-dominated class" or "male-dominated class" as a class with 60% or more female or male incumbents, respectively. The objective of this act is to achieve pay equity among public sector employers and employees by identifying systemic gender discrimination through a comparison of the relative wages and value of the work performed by female- and male-dominated classes. The value of work is to be determined by considering the skill, effort, and responsibility required by the work as well as the conditions under which it is performed. A difference in wages between a female- and male-dominated class performing work of equal or comparable value can be justified by a formal performance appraisal system or formal seniority system that does not discriminate on the basis of gender or by a skills shortage which requires a temporary inflation in wages to attract workers for a certain position. No wages shall be reduced to implement pay equity. Implementation of pay equity will include the work of bargaining agents to achieve agreement on salient points. Pay equity may be implemented in four stages over a period of 24 months.

  12. Shareholder voice on executive pay : A decade of Dutch say on pay

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Elst, Christoph; Lafarre, Anne

    2017-01-01

    The Netherlands adopted shareholders’ say on pay over a decade ago. The general meeting of shareholders must approve the remuneration policy and any amendments to it. This Dutch approach offers fruitful insights into how say on pay works in practice. In the light of the recent European proposal to

  13. Recent advances in computational intelligence in defense and security

    CERN Document Server

    Falcon, Rafael; Zincir-Heywood, Nur; Abbass, Hussein

    2016-01-01

    This volume is an initiative undertaken by the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society’s Task Force on Security, Surveillance and Defense to consolidate and disseminate the role of CI techniques in the design, development and deployment of security and defense solutions. Applications range from the detection of buried explosive hazards in a battlefield to the control of unmanned underwater vehicles, the delivery of superior video analytics for protecting critical infrastructures or the development of stronger intrusion detection systems and the design of military surveillance networks. Defense scientists, industry experts, academicians and practitioners alike will all benefit from the wide spectrum of successful applications compiled in this volume. Senior undergraduate or graduate students may also discover uncharted territory for their own research endeavors.

  14. Indicators of the development of defense logistics as a science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko D. Andrejić

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In practice, there are several approaches in discussing the achieved level of development of a scientific discipline. One group of them concentrates on external indicators of the development of a scientific discipline, i.e. its research network, while the other group analyzes the science structure, i.e. its elements. The achieved level of the development of the defense system and its (external and internal environment, general knowledge on the development and the systematic treatment of science as well as the present situation in the society require an insight into the internal and external indicators of the development of defense logistics as a scientific discipline (Defense Science. General knowledge on the creation, development and interdependence of sciences as well as internal and external indicators of the achieved development level of Defense Logistics show that it should be developed in the network environment as a multidisciplinary science, in close cooperation with other special disciplines of logistics, within defense science. It could thus contribute to the improvement of the defense as an important public function as well as to closer contacts of the scientific disciplines dealing with technical systems and technologies with the so-called. orthodox military disciplines.

  15. Defense display market assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.

    1998-09-01

    This paper addresses the number, function and size of principal military displays and establishes a basis to determine the opportunities for technology insertion in the immediate future and into the next millennium. Principal military displays are defined as those occupying appreciable crewstation real-estate and/or those without which the platform could not carry out its intended mission. DoD 'office' applications are excluded from this study. The military displays market is specified by such parameters as active area and footprint size, and other characteristics such as luminance, gray scale, resolution, angle, color, video capability, and night vision imaging system (NVIS) compatibility. Funded, future acquisitions, planned and predicted crewstation modification kits, and form-fit upgrades are taken into account. This paper provides an overview of the DoD niche market, allowing both government and industry a necessary reference by which to meet DoD requirements for military displays in a timely and cost-effective manner. The aggregate DoD market for direct-view and large-area military displays is presently estimated to be in excess of 242,000. Miniature displays are those which must be magnified to be viewed, involve a significantly different manufacturing paradigm and are used in helmet mounted displays and thermal weapon sight applications. Some 114,000 miniature displays are presently included within Service weapon system acquisition plans. For vendor production planning purposes it is noted that foreign military sales could substantially increase these quantities. The vanishing vendor syndrome (VVS) for older display technologies continues to be a growing, pervasive problem throughout DoD, which consequently must leverage the more modern display technologies being developed for civil- commercial markets.

  16. Motivational effects of pay dispersion in pay for performance programs implemented in Romanian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urieşi Sebastian

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigates the motivational effects in a sample of Romanian employees in private companies that implement pay for performance programs of one of the characteristics of these programs, namely pay dispersion, and on the potential mediating role of organizational justice in these effects. To this aim, we examined the relationships between the amounts of pay dispersion introduced by the respective financial incentive system, employee perceptions of distributive and procedural justice, work motivation, and base salary, respectively. The results of the data analysis, performed through structural equation modeling, support our hypotheses concerning the positive effect of performance – related pay dispersion on motivation and the mediating role of the two dimensions of organizational justice in this effect. Larger financial rewards allocated by the financial incentive system for high performers increase employee perceptions of distributive and procedural justice, which, in turn, foster work motivation. Base salary was also found to influence pay dispersion, as well as perceived distributive justice.

  17. Rethinking Defensive Information Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    electronic warfare, and special information operations. Defensive information operations ensure timely, accurate, and relevant information access...information and information systems. IA, physical security, OPSEC, counter-deception, counter-psyops, CI, EW, and special information operations. Ensure

  18. Surfing China's National Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Guilin

    2010-01-01

    @@ Following the start of its first test run on August 20, 2009, the website www.mod.gov.cn of the Ministry of National Defense (MOD) of the People's Republic of China has logged more than 2 billion hits,from many countries and regions including China, the United States,the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia and Singapore. China National Defense News reporters recently interviewed Ji Guilin, the website's Editor in Chief, on its performance and the feedback of netizens.

  19. Laos. Un pays en mutation, Vatthana Pholsena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanina Bouté

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available C’est avec un regard neuf et une approche originale que Vatthana Pholsena a relevé le défi d’écrire l’ouvrage Laos. Un pays en mutation, le dernier-né de la collection « Asie Plurielle » (Belin qui a déjà proposé une longue série d’ouvrages de présentation générale des pays d’Asie. Cet ouvrage vient combler un grand manque dans la littérature sur le Laos. Aucun ouvrage généraliste en langue française n’existant jusque-là sur ce petit pays d’Asie du Sud-Est, le lecteur curieux devait se référ...

  20. 75 FR 76423 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  1. 76 FR 28960 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  2. 76 FR 28757 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Notice of Availability (NOA) of Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation. SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics...

  3. Democratic Control of Military Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Smail Ostrakovic

    2011-01-01

    The transition requirement for post communism countries, especially the part that is about military forces is to establish those civil-military relation that will have prepared projects for awareness...

  4. Western Military Culture and Counterinsurgency:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    francois

    large-scale battles using massive force.4 According to well-known military ... a conflict, he could therefore take advantage of all elements of Western military .... development of industrial total warfare had led to a rigid attitude towards conflicts.

  5. Department of Everything: Department of Defense Spending That Has Little to Do With National Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    the Exact Same Research A researcher who plagiarized a grant proposal and progress report received funding from the Defense Advanced Research...either the Air Force or NSF award. DARPA also approved funding for the project. All three proposals contained the same significant plagiarism ”31...individuals or provide military required training that may be available from an academic institution

  6. 76 FR 64885 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Reporting of Government-Furnished Property...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-19

    ... generally accepted accounting principles. Unit of issue or unit of measure means the physical measurement of....25-2, Military Standard Transaction Reporting and Accounting Procedures manual, along with a... establish the Defense Property Accountability System (DPAS) as its property accounting system of record,...

  7. Program Manager: Journal of the Defense Management College. Volume 16, Number 5, September-October 1987,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-10-01

    Defense Systems Knowledge of civilian and military engineering or Management .- , current DOD segments of DOD engineering College production/ improve... markt ur h’elin isthat pric gstrategy i -a fit a rc "-js Iten pt,turt he h firm can take m, le tnliuenCTd hv financial con ’tagc. Since executives

  8. 76 FR 32358 - Meeting of the Defense Department Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-06

    ... Law 92-463, as amended, notice is hereby given of a forthcoming meeting of the Defense Department... the results of their Workplace and Gender Relations survey. Additionally, the Committee will also... Military Personnel Policy will brief on the laws and policies that restrict the service of female...

  9. 76 FR 71926 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Applicability of Hexavalent Chromium Policy to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    .... Williams, OUSD (AT&L) DPAP/DARS, Room 3B855, 3060 Defense Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-3060. Comments... submitted by mail). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Amy G. Williams, telephone 703- 602-0328... operations, or other military operations or exercises designated by the Combatant Commander. (d)...

  10. 77 FR 52700 - Reestablishment of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ... eminent authorities in the fields of defense, management, leadership, academia, national military strategy... serve without compensation. Each Board member is appointed to provide advice on behalf of the government... without compensation. All subcommittees operate under the provisions of FACA, the Government in...

  11. 32 CFR 901.10 - Presidential category.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY TRAINING AND... pay or was granted retired or retainer pay (children of reservists retired and receiving pay pursuant... after being granted retired or retainer pay (children of such reservists who were retired and...

  12. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E. L.; Welch, R.

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  13. Quadrennial Defense Review 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    periphery will continue to pose a security challenge. The United States is willing to undertake security cooperation with Russia , both in the... Russia to increase transparency and reduce the risk of military miscalculation. In the Western Hemisphere, predominant security challenges no longer...three-dimensional printers could revolutionize manufacturing and logistics related to warfare. New ways of developing WMD – such as biotechnology

  14. Academic and Military Instructional Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branson, Robert K.

    This paper examines the practices and accomplishments of the military in the area of instructional technology. An examination of historical background is used to increase the precision of the definition of instructional technology. Specific contributions of the military are described and then uses of instructional technology in the military and…

  15. Military Construction: FY2017 Appropriations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-04

    and reserve components of the armed forces, military family housing construction and operations, the U.S. contribution to the NATO Security Investment...Appropriations Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction Military construction for active and reserve components of the armed forces, military...Rescinded appropriations may be applied against current year appropriations to reduce the new budget authority needed to satisfy requirements . The net

  16. The Effects of Korean Unification on the US Military Presence in Northeast Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-11-01

    Journal of Defense Analysis, 10 (Summer 1998); William O. Odom, “The US Military in Unified Korea ,” Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 12 (Summer...Michael O’Hanlon, “Keep US Forces in Korea after Reunification,” Korean Journal of Defense Anal- ysis, 10 (Summer 1998), internet, http://www.kida.re.kr...War. The United States has forward deployed approximately 91,500 personnel to the Republic of Korea (ROK) and Japan, in part to deter North Korean

  17. Syria’s Military Capabilities and Options for Military Intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pradhan-Blach, Flemming

    2012-01-01

    This background paper does not endorse any military action towards Syria. The document does not reflect or express any official Danish policy or a position of the University of Copenhagen or the Centre for Military Studies. The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe military capabilities...... and options in order to provide a factual background for the ongoing discussion on possible military intervention in the Syrian conflict and Denmark’s possible participation in such an intervention. The paper is primarily based on the Military Balance published by the International Institute for Strategic...

  18. Syria’s Military Capabilities and Options for Military Intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pradhan-Blach, Flemming

    2012-01-01

    This background paper does not endorse any military action towards Syria. The document does not reflect or express any official Danish policy or a position of the University of Copenhagen or the Centre for Military Studies. The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe military capabilities...... and options in order to provide a factual background for the ongoing discussion on possible military intervention in the Syrian conflict and Denmark’s possible participation in such an intervention. The paper is primarily based on the Military Balance published by the International Institute for Strategic...

  19. Autonomous military robotics

    CERN Document Server

    Nath, Vishnu

    2014-01-01

    This SpringerBrief reveals the latest techniques in computer vision and machine learning on robots that are designed as accurate and efficient military snipers. Militaries around the world are investigating this technology to simplify the time, cost and safety measures necessary for training human snipers. These robots are developed by combining crucial aspects of computer science research areas including image processing, robotic kinematics and learning algorithms. The authors explain how a new humanoid robot, the iCub, uses high-speed cameras and computer vision algorithms to track the objec

  20. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them...

  1. United States Military Presence in Central Asia: Implications of United States Basing for Central Asian Stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    Europe and reducing the number of military personnel by 40,000 to 60,000. According to United States Air Force General Charles Wald , there are...The Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz is quoted as saying United States presence “…may be more political than actually military” and that

  2. 76 FR 59119 - Interim Change to the Military Freight Traffic Unified Rules Publication (MFTURP) No. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Army Interim Change to the Military Freight Traffic Unified Rules Publication (MFTURP) No... Command (SDDC) is providing notice that it has released an interim change to the MFTURP No. 1. The...

  3. Evaluation of bulk density and vegetation as affected by military vehicle traffic

    Science.gov (United States)

    There is a need for greater understanding of the relationship of dust emission levels to disturbances of soil and vegetation indices that occur during military vehicle activities in Department of Defense training areas. A replicated field experiment was conducted in the fall of 2010 on two soils tha...

  4. Annual Surveillance Summary: Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Infections in the Military Health System (MHS), 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    care unit ILI influenza-like illness IR incidence rate IV intravenous M2 Military Health System (MHS) Management Analysis and Reporting Tool MDR...Defense (DOD) and Department of the Navy (DON) active duty (AD) service members with deployment-related infections. In 2015, the annual VRE incidence rate...8 Incidence of VRE

  5. Toward a Unified Military Response: Hurricane Sandy and the Dual Status Commander

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Ozzie Paez, “Emergency Managers’ Views on Improving Defense Support/ Military Assistance to Civil Authorities (DSCA/MACA) Educa - tion Programs...contrary, in fact. The prob- 74 lems that occurred during the Sandy response in most cases can be attributed largely to lack of formal educa - tion

  6. An Analysis of the Military Strategy of Douglas MacArthur

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    of Honor French Legion of Honor Fourragere French Medal Militaire Fourragere French Croix de Guerre with Four Palms French Grand Cross of the Legion...Defense Medal Philippine Liberation Medal Polish Grand Croix Polonia Restituta 41 ______________ CONTINUED ,,_,_, Polish Virtutae Militaire Romanian Grand Cross Order of Military Yugoslavian Grand Cross Order of White Eagle 42

  7. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military History Journal, No. 12, December 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-14

    prejudices and vestiges of the past. Harmful and dangerous are anticollectivism, the egoism of certain soldiers and malicious jokes directed against...schools to the development of the Marxist-Leninist teachings concerning war and the army, the defense of socialism, military science, the theory and

  8. Suicides and Suicide Attempts in the U.S. Military, 2008-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bush, Nigel E.; Reger, Mark A.; Luxton, David D.; Skopp, Nancy A.; Kinn, Julie; Smolenski, Derek; Gahm, Gregory A.

    2013-01-01

    The Department of Defense Suicide Event Report Program collects extensive information on suicides and suicide attempts from the U.S. Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Navy. Data are compiled on demographics, suicide event details, behavioral health treatment history, military history, and information about other potential risk factors such as…

  9. 78 FR 45026 - Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Military Electronic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... military electronics and certain superconducting and cryogenic equipment and related items the President..., Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, which would amend the list of articles controlled by USML Category XI... CONTACT: Brian Baker, Director, Electronics and Materials Division, Office of National Security...

  10. Suicides and Suicide Attempts in the U.S. Military, 2008-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bush, Nigel E.; Reger, Mark A.; Luxton, David D.; Skopp, Nancy A.; Kinn, Julie; Smolenski, Derek; Gahm, Gregory A.

    2013-01-01

    The Department of Defense Suicide Event Report Program collects extensive information on suicides and suicide attempts from the U.S. Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Navy. Data are compiled on demographics, suicide event details, behavioral health treatment history, military history, and information about other potential risk factors such as…

  11. 32 CFR 215.9 - Providing military resources to civil authorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the handling of requests for DoD facilities, personnel, equipment, or supplies, received from... respective military departments. (ii) The Director, Defense Supply Agency, is authorized to approve requests... renewal of outstanding loans, may be denied at any level in the chain of command down to and...

  12. RESENHA DO LIVRO: "RESHAPING DEFENCE DIPLOMACY: NEW ROLES FOR MILITARY COOPERATION AND ASSISTANCE"

    OpenAIRE

    Rezende, Lucas Pereira; UFRGS / Facamp

    2011-01-01

    Resenha do livro Rehaping Defense Diplomacy: New Roles for Military Cooperation and Assistance. Trata-se de uma obra que discorre a respeito dos novos papéis da cooperação militar em tempos de paz no período pós-1990, apontando padrões, sucessos e desafios a serem enfrentados.

  13. Pay Cable: A Viable Advertising Medium?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krugman, Dean M.; Barban, Arnold M.

    Cable television, which cannot only clarify local signals to weak signal areas but can also bring in distant signals to areas which have been receiving few signals, has the capacity to present special television programs to customers for extra fees. The number of pay cable subscribers is growing and industry projections are that it will reach 20…

  14. The Pays de Gex on the Menu

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Did you know that you can swing from tree to tree like Tarzan (or Jane!) in the brand new forest adventure centre at the Col de la Faucille? And that, in addition to Crozet-Lélex, Mijoux-La Faucille and La Vattay, the Pays de Gex boasts a fourth ski resort at Menthières above Bellegarde-sur-Valserine? All these attractions, and hundreds of others that the Pays de Gex has to offer, were presented at a special exhibition stand in CERN's Restaurant No. 1 last week. For the tenth year running, the Pays de Gex-La Faucille Tourist Office and Geneva's fourteen Coop restaurants had organised a special week devoted to promoting the Pays de Gex-Monts Jura region. Thousands of information leaflets were handed out and visitors had the opportunity to take part in a big raffle with no fewer than 145 prizes to be won: ski passes, Juraventure entrance tickets, meal vouchers courtesy of local hotels and restaurants, and subscriptions to the Val Vital fitness centre in Divonne-les-Bains. The Coop restaur...

  15. Why it pays to 'grill' your supplier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fudge, Joe

    2010-03-01

    When it comes to ensuring that your cold storage operation and maintenance meets MHRA requirements, it pays to ensure that your service supplier knows what it is doing. So says Joe Fudge, instrumentation service manager for ABB's instrumentation business in the U.K., who outlines some of the key factors to consider when selecting a supplier of cold chain mapping services.

  16. 78 FR 37246 - January 2013 Pay Schedules

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ...: Tameka Gillis, Pay and Leave, Employee Services, U.S. Office of Personnel Management; (202) 606-2858; FAX... or ST employees covered by a certified SL/ST performance appraisal system and $165,300 (level III of the Executive Schedule) for SL or ST employees covered by an SL/ST performance appraisal system...

  17. Willingness to Pay for Insurance in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jan V.; Højbjerg Jacobsen, Rasmus; Lau, Morten

    2016-01-01

    We estimate how much Danish households are willing to pay for auto, home, and house insurance. We use a unique combination of claims data from a large Danish insurance company, measures of individual risk attitudes and discount rates from a field experiment with a representative sample of the adult...

  18. Willingness to Pay for Insurance in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jan V.; Højbjerg Jacobsen, Rasmus; Lau, Morten I.

    We estimate the maximum amount that Danish households are willing to pay for three different types of insurance: auto, home and house insurance. We use a unique combination of claims data from the largest private insurance company in Denmark, measures of individual risk attitudes and discount rates...... of the insurance claims....

  19. Willingness to pay for wholesome canteen takeaway

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordström, Leif Jonas

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to estimate the willingness to pay (WTP) for a new intervention at the workplace: wholesome canteen takeaways (CTA), i.e. a low fat meal with a large amount of vegetables prepared at the workplace canteen that only requires re-heating. The contingent...

  20. An Accounting Program Merit Pay Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, David H.; Campbell, Annhenrie; Tan, Kim B.; Wagner, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    Basing the compensation of accounting professors on merit pay in order to encourage better teaching, research and service is controversial. Before the effectiveness of merit-based salary plans can be examined empirically, it must be determined which accounting programs use such a system. In this study, the 852 accounting programs in the United…

  1. Job Evaluation: Pay Equity Problem or Solution?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecham, Robert C.

    It has been hypothesized that current methods of determining pay rates value the characteristics of jobs held primarily by men differently than the characteristics of jobs held primarily by women, resulting in lower earnings for women. A policy capturing approach using numerically rated job characteristics (PAQ data) was applied separately to the…

  2. An Analysis of the U.S. Navy’s Military Housing Privatization Initiative and the Application of Transaction Cost Economics as a Component of the Decision Framework for the Establishment of Future Partnerships Between the Department of Defense and Private Sector Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-12-01

    pace. This study provides an overview of the Navy’s use of the joint venture authority. Additionally, the concept of Transaction Cost Economics is...provided effective means to resolve DoD’s military housing dilemma. Additionally, the application of Transaction Cost Economics has proven beneficial

  3. The 600-Pound Gorilla: Why a Smaller Department of Defense Is in the Best Interest of the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    quoted in Nicholas Kerton-Johnson, Justifying America’s Wars: The Conduct and Practice of US Military Intervention (New York, NY: Rutledge , 2011), 3. 19...Secretary of Defense, 2003), 13. 39. Steven M. Kosiak, Cost of the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and Other Military Operations Through 2008 and Beyond...Eastern Instability,” in China’s Rise – Threat or Opportunity?, ed. Herbert S. Yee, 101-123 (New York, NY: Rutledge , 2011), 121. 58. Stephen Glain

  4. Missions of the French Defense Radiation Protection Service Concerning The Medical Management of Radio-contaminated Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagna, G; Pégorié, A; Entine, F; Michel, X; Dondey, M; Amabile, J-C

    2016-08-01

    The French Defense Radiation Protection Service (SPRA) is an institution of the French Armed Forces (SSA) that provides technical support in radiation protection matters for French military units. It provides services for the armed forces and when necessary for the national public health system. The aim of this note is to describe the variety of services provided by the SPRA in France and abroad, not only in a military context but also in the broader field of radiation protection.

  5. A Study on: Exploring U.S. Missile Defense Requirements in 2010: What Are the Policy and Technology Challenges?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-04-01

    military offi- cers, law enforcement personnel, and organized crime groups are willing to engage in illegal activ- ities for a price. This willingness...Interview with Gennady G. Yanpolsky, "A New Era for Russian Defense Export," Military Technology, December 1995, p. 33. Vago Muradian, "Russia Wants...34 that have hindered ballistic missile devel- opment in the past. For example, rocket- society papers on staging problems, discussions on guid- ance

  6. Strategies for Allocation of the US Federal Budget: Military and Innovative Dimension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glukhova Darya A.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to define the conceptual framework and features of priority directions in redistribution of the US federal funds. This subject is very relevant because it discloses a system of financing and allocations of the most powerful state in the world in many aspects. The article describes the structure of government funding of the national military sector and directions of the modernization of the US military-industrial complex. It has been determined that in the global expansion of military actions the USA in no case remain aloof from the given events. Manufacturing the US military products plays a key role in the defense industry not only of the country itself but also the international community as a whole. For Ukraine, with the complications in its military-political situation, the cooperation with the United States and inclusion of the financial assistance to our country in its federal budget are very important. The mentioned directions for allocating the received funds in the amount of $ 300 mln by the Ukrainian government confirm the support by the American state of our military equipment and modernization of the national defense industry

  7. Resilience among Military Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Easterbrooks, M. Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors present their approach to understanding resilience among military connected young people, and they discuss some of the gaps in their knowledge. They begin by defining resilience, and then present a theoretical model of how young people demonstrate resilient functioning. Next they consider some of the research on…

  8. The Military Instructor's Handbook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjøstedt, Peter; Grønlund, Thomas

    The Military Instructor's handbook was written for the basic professional training of instructors in the danish defence. The book describes the work of instructors and their areas of responsibility, and it offers guidance and direction on how to plan, conduct and evaluate learning activities...

  9. USSR Report, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    blunders of Hitler as a political and military leader, now by our country’s climatic and weather conditions.which were "unfavorable" for the German...Portugal, over Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea. (According to other data, including the French press, American aircraft "cut short" this route by a

  10. USSR Report Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    good job of selecting cadets and to avoid errors. For example, a group of scientists at the Donetsk Higher Military Political School of Engineer...Troops and Signal Troops imenl Army General A.A. Yepishev, together with colleagues from the Donetsk State Medical Institute imeni Maxim Gorkiy, did a

  11. Military Forces in Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    families of military professionals withdrawn from East- em Europe are living in hostels , prefabricated barracks, or tents. In some cases, conscripts...Technological Capabilities: USSR/US Semiconductor Materials and Microelectronic C ircuils Software Producibility Parallel Computer Architectures ^ r...underground leadership bunker adjacent to Moscow State University . These fa- cilities are intended for the national command authority in wartime

  12. On Military Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    sciences and philosophies are based on dubious premises or are in fact pseudosciences. Modern military theory was heavily influenced by empiricism and...determinism. Empiricism is described as a logical process based on pursuing knowledge through observation and experiments. One can make sensible

  13. Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-17

    subordinates of officers V. Nazarenko and A. Labunets who, together with the personnel of the pipeline subunit under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A...collaboration is played by the joint "Soyuz," "Shchit," and " Druzhba " exercises and the systematic exchange of experience, military-technical

  14. Defensive medicine among neurosurgeons in the Netherlands: a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Sandra C; Hulsbergen, Alexander F C; Muskens, Ivo S; van Dam, Marjel; Gormley, William B; Broekman, Marike L D; Smith, Timothy R

    2017-09-20

    In defensive medicine, practice is motivated by legal rather than medical reasons. Previous studies have analyzed the correlation between perceived medico-legal risk and defensive behavior among neurosurgeons in the United States, Canada, and South Africa, but not yet in Europe. The aim of this study is to explore perceived liability burdens and self-reported defensive behaviors among neurosurgeons in the Netherlands and compare their practices with their non-European counterparts. A survey was sent to 136 neurosurgeons. The survey included questions from several domains: surgeon characteristics, patient demographics, type of practice, surgeon liability profile, policy coverage, defensive practices, and perception of the liability environment. Survey responses were analyzed and summarized. Forty-five neurosurgeons filled out the questionnaire (response rate of 33.1%). Almost half (n = 20) reported paying less than 5% of their income to annual malpractice premiums. Nearly all respondents view their insurance premiums as a minor or no burden (n = 42) and are confident that in their coverage is sufficient (n = 41). Most neurosurgeons (n = 38) do not see patients as "potential lawsuits". Relative to their American peers, Dutch neurosurgeons view their insurance premiums as less burdensome, their patients as a smaller legal threat, and their practice as less risky in general. They are sued less often and engage in fewer defensive behaviors than their non-European counterparts. The medico-legal climate in the Netherlands may contribute to this difference.

  15. Defense styles of pedophilic offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drapeau, Martin; Beretta, Véronique; de Roten, Yves; Koerner, Annett; Despland, Jean-Nicolas

    2008-04-01

    This pilot study investigated the defense styles of pedophile sexual offenders. Interviews with 20 pedophiles and 20 controls were scored using the Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales. Results showed that pedophiles had a significantly lower overall defensive functioning score than the controls. Pedophiles used significantly fewer obsessional-level defenses but more major image-distorting and action-level defenses. Results also suggested differences in the prevalence of individual defenses where pedophiles used more dissociation, displacement, denial, autistic fantasy, splitting of object, projective identification, acting out, and passive aggressive behavior but less intellectualization and rationalization.

  16. APPROACHES TO EUROPEAN UNION MILITARY COLLABORATION IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC AUSTERITY ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria CONSTANTINESCU

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of the economic crisis on European countries has led to serious cuts of the defense budgets and a perceived reduction in the EU’s ability to provide capabilities required by other allies, especially the US. Cooperation, in the form of pooling and sharing may not be an easy and “ready to use” solution to Europe’s defense issues generated by the budget austerity and economic downturn, but it may provide ways to lessen the defense cuts impact on the military capabilities. Nonetheless, the success of the initiative is strongly related to the degree of political and military commitment of the EU countries to put into practice the concept.

  17. Defense Primer: DOD Contractors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-10

    servicemembers, DOD career employees , or political appointees. Contractors as Companies DOD contracts with many companies for all kinds of goods...benefits of using contractors include freeing up uniformed personnel to focus on duties only uniformed personnel can perform; providing expertise in...providing security escorts; and training police and military personnel. The number of private security contractor employees working for DOD in Iraq and

  18. Military display market segment: wearable and portable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.

    2003-09-01

    The military display market (MDM) is analyzed in terms of one of its segments, wearable and portable displays. Wearable and portable displays are those embedded in gear worn or carried by warfighters. Categories include hand-mobile (direct-view and monocular/binocular), palm-held, head/helmet-mounted, body-strapped, knee-attached, lap-born, neck-lanyard, and pocket/backpack-stowed. Some 62 fielded and developmental display sizes are identified in this wearable/portable MDM segment. Parameters requiring special consideration, such as weight, luminance ranges, light emission, viewing angles, and chromaticity coordinates, are summarized and compared. Ruggedized commercial versus commercial off-the-shelf designs are contrasted; and a number of custom displays are also found in this MDM category. Display sizes having aggregate quantities of 5,000 units or greater or having 2 or more program applications are identified. Wearable and portable displays are also analyzed by technology (LCD, LED, CRT, OLED and plasma). The technical specifications and program history of several high-profile military programs are discussed to provide a systems context for some representative displays and their function. As of August 2002 our defense-wide military display market study has documented 438,882 total display units distributed across 1,163 display sizes and 438 weapon systems. Wearable and portable displays account for 202,593 displays (46% of total DoD) yet comprise just 62 sizes (5% of total DoD) in 120 weapons systems (27% of total DoD). Some 66% of these wearable and portable applications involve low information content displays comprising just a few characters in one color; however, there is an accelerating trend towards higher information content units capable of showing changeable graphics, color and video.

  19. Department of Defense Financial Management Regulation. Volume 8. Civilian Pay Policy Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-08-01

    Seguro , (or Panamanian social security) and individual personal number (which is used for various reporting purposes). a. The Seguro is currently a 7-digit...CSRS and FERS Employees............. 4-81 Table 4-2, Percentage Rates of FICA ( Social Security/Medicare) Deduction and Total Maximum Tax...SDA Source Data Automation SES Senior Executive Service SF Standard Form SSA Social Security Administration SSN Social Security Number TAPER

  20. Right-Sizing Intervention: The Philippines, El Salvador, and the Future of American Foreign Internal Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    relations theory. Structural realism in particular is important because of its popularity among many military thinkers.19 The second brand of... loyalty by paying for weddings, funerals, and offering low-interest loans to the poorer farmers. These relations were generally amicable because...700 men.49 One of Lansdale’s and Magsaysay’s innovations was the institution of the “ coffee klatch,” regular meetings at which ideas were pitched in

  1. Defense Research Enterprise Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Please review the report findings and recommendations. I am interested in receiving your feedback for inclusion in programs wherever these...needed culture shift to utilize their existing authorities. Finally, expanded coordination among intermural basic research portfolios across the Labs...research portfolios across the Labs without creating additional administrative burdens is needed. The defense research enterprise should

  2. AFRL Defensive IO Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Wireless Information Assurance • Steganography • Air Force Enterprise Defense (AFED) 10 Distributed Agents for Information Warfare Operational...information (images, documents, overlays, audio , links, etc.) •multi-level data release to coalition forces; key-based access •covert communication...maximize throughput of communication channels Data Hiding/Embedding Steganography Watermarking Steganalysis 14 Payoffs • Integrates existing

  3. Robust Preallocated Preferential Defense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    Frye , W.H. and Ullman, L.L., Methodology for Calculating Minuteman Defense Effectiveness, SRD-EGI4, Stanford Research Institute, October 1973. 4. Hogg...Corporation 1500 Wilson Boulevard Arlington, VA 22209 ATTN: Dr. Tucker Battle Dr. James Skouras Dr. Iram Weinstein Northrop Corporation 8900 E. Washington

  4. PAY FOR PERFORMANCE: SOUTH EAST ASIA CROSS COUNTRIES COMPARATIVE STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Yeong, Hui Yan

    2011-01-01

    Executive pay and company performance has received much attention and debate after the recent credit crisis. Policy makers and the public have since demanded for the executive pay to be regulated and to be more tightly aligned to the company performance. Scholars and economists however, have argued that the existing pay structure is not the cause of the recent credit crisis and thus need not to be over regulated. This paper thus aims to provide deeper understanding on the link between pay and...

  5. Defense Management Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    the Ammunition School. SPECIAL INFORMATION : This course is identified for attendance by foreign military students through provisions of AR 12-15... SPECIAL INFORMATION : This course is identified for attendance by foreign military students through provisions of AR 12-15. This course is taught...management at the wholesale level. SPECIAL INFORMATION : This course is identified for attendance by foreign military students through the provisions

  6. A Model for Valuing Military Talents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hong-sheng

    2002-01-01

    The method of collocating military talents is a difficult problem. It is different from other talents, for the characteristic of military talents. This paper presents a model for valuing military talents,which can assists the military leaders to collocate military talents properly.

  7. Health Professions Officer Special Pay Study HPOSPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    development (various)  Improve what ABO sees in RMT execution and what OTSG sees in the Medical Operational Data System (MODS). Specific Process...OFFICER SPECIAL PAY STUDY SUMMARY THE PROJECT PURPOSE was initially to conduct a systems review from end-to-end of the Planning, Programming...Following the meeting, the group developed options for a systems analysis review. In January 2013, Dr. Steinrauf, G-1 Plans and Resources

  8. Modernizing the Federal Government: Paying for Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Performance Act of 2007, Senate bill 1046, Washington, D.C., 2007b. 38 Modernizing the Federal Government: Paying for Performance Vroom , Victor H ...identifies a potentially virtuous circle ( Vroom , 1964; Porter and Lawler, 1968). Employees will respond to an incentive or reward if they value it...Incentives in Firms,” Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 37, No. 1, March 1999, pp. 7–63. Prendergast, Canice, and Robert H . Topel, “Favoritism in

  9. Environmental offences: finally making the polluter pay?

    OpenAIRE

    Outhwaite, Opi

    2015-01-01

    This update focuses on developments in sentencing for environmental crimes. The imposition of appropriate penalties is crucial, not only to the use of judicial mechanisms for securing access to environmental justice, but also to respect for the polluter pays principle, a keystone of environmental law. There has been long-standing criticism in the UK of the failure of the courts to treat environmental crimes sufficiently seriously when imposing sentences. Fisher et al observed that insufficien...

  10. Tabanidae (Diptera) des pays-bas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leclercq, M.

    1967-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Cette mise au point des Tabanides des Pays-Bas a été rendue possible grâce à la collaboration de M. V. S. van der Goot, département d'Entomologie, Zoölogisch Museum, Amsterdam, que nous remercions pour son amabilité. Nous avons pu étudier aussi les collections du Rijksmuseum van Natuurl

  11. The science, technology, and politics of ballistic missile defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyle, Philip E.

    2014-05-01

    America's missile defense systems are deployed at home and abroad. This includes the Groundbased Missile Defense (GMD) system in Alaska and California, the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe (EPAA), and regional systems in the Middle East and Asia. Unfortunately these systems lack workable architectures, and many of the required elements either don't work or are missing. Major review and reconsideration is needed of all elements of these systems. GMD performance in tests has gotten worse with time, when it ought to be getting better. A lack of political support is not to blame as the DoD spends about 10 billion per year, and proposes to add about 5 billion over the next five years. Russia objects to the EPAA as a threat to its ICBM forces, and to the extensive deployment of U.S. military forces in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Going forward the U.S. should keep working with Russia whose cooperation will be key to diplomatic gains in the Middle East and elsewhere. Meanwhile, America's missile defenses face an enduring set of issues, especially target discrimination in the face of attacks designed to overwhelm the defenses, stage separation debris, chaff, decoys, and stealth. Dealing with target discrimination while also replacing, upgrading, or adding to the many elements of U.S. missiles defenses presents daunting budget priorities. A new look at the threat is warranted, and whether the U.S. needs to consider every nation that possesses even short-range missiles a threat to America. The proliferation of missiles of all sizes around the world is a growing problem, but expecting U.S. missile defenses to deal with all those missiles everywhere is unrealistic, and U.S. missile defenses, effective or not, are justifying more and more offensive missiles.

  12. The science, technology, and politics of ballistic missile defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coyle, Philip E. [Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, Washington, DC (United States)

    2014-05-09

    America's missile defense systems are deployed at home and abroad. This includes the Groundbased Missile Defense (GMD) system in Alaska and California, the Phased Adaptive Approach in Europe (EPAA), and regional systems in the Middle East and Asia. Unfortunately these systems lack workable architectures, and many of the required elements either don't work or are missing. Major review and reconsideration is needed of all elements of these systems. GMD performance in tests has gotten worse with time, when it ought to be getting better. A lack of political support is not to blame as the DoD spends about $10 billion per year, and proposes to add about $5 billion over the next five years. Russia objects to the EPAA as a threat to its ICBM forces, and to the extensive deployment of U.S. military forces in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Going forward the U.S. should keep working with Russia whose cooperation will be key to diplomatic gains in the Middle East and elsewhere. Meanwhile, America's missile defenses face an enduring set of issues, especially target discrimination in the face of attacks designed to overwhelm the defenses, stage separation debris, chaff, decoys, and stealth. Dealing with target discrimination while also replacing, upgrading, or adding to the many elements of U.S. missiles defenses presents daunting budget priorities. A new look at the threat is warranted, and whether the U.S. needs to consider every nation that possesses even short-range missiles a threat to America. The proliferation of missiles of all sizes around the world is a growing problem, but expecting U.S. missile defenses to deal with all those missiles everywhere is unrealistic, and U.S. missile defenses, effective or not, are justifying more and more offensive missiles.

  13. SHM reliability and implementation - A personal military aviation perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindgren, Eric A.

    2016-02-01

    Structural Health Monitoring has been proposed as a solution to address the needs of military aviation to reduce the time and cost to perform nondestructive inspections. While the potential to realize significant benefits exist, there are considerations that have to be addressed before such systems can be integrated into military platforms. Some considerations are pervasive to all aviation, such as how to assess the reliability and reproducible capability of these systems. However, there are other challenges unique to military aviation that must be overcome before these types of systems can be used. This presentation and paper are intended as a complement to the review of the outcome of the SAE G-11 SHM committee special workshop on SHM reliability in April of 2015. It will address challenges unique to military aviation that stem from different approaches to managing structural integrity (i.e. safety), frequency of use, design differences, various maintenance practices, and additional descriptions addressing differences in the execution of inspections. The objective of this presentation is to improve the awareness of the research and development community to the different and unique requirements found in military aviation, including the differences between countries, services, and aircraft type. This information should assist the research and development community in identifying and attacking key challenges. It is not intended to be comprehensive overview of all stakeholders' perspectives, but to serve as a launch point for additional discussion and exploration of opportunities to realize the potential of Structural Health Monitoring to assist in the management of military aviation assets. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the United States Air Force, Department of Defense, or the United States Government.

  14. 5 CFR 531.214 - Setting pay upon promotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Setting pay upon promotion. 531.214... Changes § 531.214 Setting pay upon promotion. (a) General. An agency must set an employee's payable rate of basic pay upon promotion following the rules in this section, consistent with 5 U.S.C....

  15. 20 CFR 322.6 - Pay for time lost.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... REMUNERATION § 322.6 Pay for time lost. (a) Definition. The term “pay for time lost” means any payment made to... by such pay. The amount allocated to time lost is remuneration for every day in the period of time... evidence to the contrary, be considered sufficient for a finding that remuneration is payable with...

  16. 5 CFR 9701.342 - Performance pay increases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Performance pay increases. (a) Overview. (1) The DHS pay system provides employees in a Full Performance or... compensation under 5 U.S.C. chapter 81, subchapter I (in a leave-without-pay status or as a separated employee... SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  17. 5 CFR 536.302 - Optional pay retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....102 and this section, an authorized agency official may provide pay retention to an employee not... employee to pay retention under paragraph (a) of this section, the agency must apply the geographic... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Optional pay retention. 536.302 Section...

  18. 4 CFR 5.2 - Grade and pay retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... terminate. (e) Pay retention. (1) Any GAO employee: who ceases to be entitled to a retained grade by reason... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grade and pay retention. 5.2 Section 5.2 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM COMPENSATION § 5.2 Grade and pay retention. (a) Change of...

  19. 5 CFR 536.301 - Mandatory pay retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... § 536.102 and this section, an agency must provide pay retention to an employee who moves between... action that may entitle the employee to pay retention under paragraph (a) of this section, the agency.... Optional pay retention under § 536.302 may apply when an employee transfers to a different agency as a...

  20. 78 FR 5115 - General Schedule Locality Pay Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... RIN 3206-AM51 General Schedule Locality Pay Areas AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION... locality pay areas. Section 5304 of title 5, United States Code, authorizes locality pay for General...;having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed #0;to and codified in the Code...

  1. 5 CFR 9901.305 - Rate of pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... structure of the pay system that govern the setting and adjusting of the individual employee rates... the rate and of the eligibility requirements associated with the type and level of pay in question... pay increases, extraordinary performance recognition increases, organizational or team achievement...

  2. 75 FR 9544 - Inmate Work and Performance Pay Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-03

    ... of Prisons 28 CFR Part 545 RIN 1120-AB52 Inmate Work and Performance Pay Program AGENCY: Bureau of...) proposes to streamline regulations on inmate work and performance pay by removing redundant language and... regulations on inmate work and performance pay by deleting redundant language and provisions that relate...

  3. 5 CFR 550.121 - Authorization of night pay differential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authorization of night pay differential... differential. (a) Except as provided by paragraph (b) of this section, nightwork is regularly scheduled work... his or her rate of basic pay plus a night pay differential amounting to 10 percent of his or her...

  4. 5 CFR 550.906 - Termination of hazard pay differential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Termination of hazard pay differential. 550.906 Section 550.906 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE... Termination of hazard pay differential. An agency shall discontinue payment of hazard pay differential to...

  5. Perquisites: the intrinsic form of pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellig, B R

    1981-01-01

    Compensation packages, particularly for executives, are made up of five elements--salary, employee benefits, short-term incentives, long-term incentives, and perquisites. Of these, perquisites are probably the most misunderstood, according to author Bruce Ellig, vice-president of Corporate Compensation and Benefits for Pfizer Inc. The value of perquisites, or "perks," is their degree of exclusivity--that is, their worth as status symbols or "membership benefits" for those employees at or above a certain level in the company's hierarchy. And their value is enhanced when they (as some do) qualify for favorable tax treatment. True perks fall into six categories--time off with pay, executive services, nonperformance awards, health-care, survivor protection, and retirement coverage. Within these categories, perks take many forms. Time off with pay, for example, might include employment contracts, liberalized vacations, the privilege of working at home, disability benefits, sabbaticals, severance pay, or outplacement assistance. The use of perks varies among companies, but is more popular among small companies.

  6. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  7. Managing Military Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-01

    average of the length of time between entry to joining the fleet), the relative seniority of personnel ( measured as the proportional billets in each pay...band), and the relative sea-centricity ( measured as the propor- tion of full-duty billets that are sea-duty). A 2016 study of Navy enlisted personnel...likely to be taken for granted or assumed away despite ample historical evidence of the human and operational costs imposed by such an error . As budgets

  8. Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation (5th). Volume 3. Special and Incentive Pays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    beyond two. 806 % %. %,m. % ~ *’I ~ *.** % _ % %. L3 a a a ~~~~~~~ % *-.* ~* . Figure 1 - SKIIL -SPECIFIC S&I RECIPIENTS...ditional first-termers. Generally speaking , career- .. ists were found to have higher (relative) marginal productivities in higher skill AFSCs. 2 8

  9. Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation (7th). Special and Incentive Pays. Major Topical Summary (MTS) 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-01

    ship, assigned to perform the same. 25 (g) The term "exposure to highly toxic pesticides" means the 26 conduct of fumigations using phosphine ...sulfuryl fluoride, 27 hydrogen cyanide, methyl bromide, or fumigants of comparable H-3 1 toxicity by members assigned to perform entomology, pest control, 2...pest management, or preventive medicine functions for an 3 installation or uniformed service. The term does not include the 4 use of solid fumigant

  10. Drug Control: Heavy Investment in Military Surveillance is Not Paying Off

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    2Drug Control: Status Report on DOD Support to Counternarcotics Activities (GAO/NSIAD-91-117 June 12, 1991); Drug Control: Cormnunications Network...Monitoring on Cocaine Flow (GAO/NSIAD-91-297 Sept. 19,1991). 2Drug Control: Increased Interdiction and Its Contribution to the War on Drugs (GAO/T-NSIAD-934...shift their landing zones southward, the majority of drug shipments continue to successfully transit Mexico.2 2Drug Control: Revised Drug Interdiction

  11. Defense Institution Building: An Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    MoDA and DIILS Support of DIB Activity Objectives . . . . . . . 26 2.8. Overlapping Program Objectives...Wales Initiative Fund–Defense Institution Building (WIF-DIB), the Ministry of Defense Advisors ( MoDA ) program, and the Defense Insti- tute of...other events and activities related to a partner nation’s defense institution capabilities and capacity. One exception is MoDA , where engagements are

  12. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    and leading seaman and honor student. The brothers Giya and Guliver Nikolaishvili of Sukhumi, Dato Metreveli of Kutaisi, who is at the Kiev higher...policy is closely related to its domestic and foreign policy and the strategy of accelerating social and economic development based on scientific...and special informational publications and become acquainted with patent materials. There is yet one more important concept in our military lexicon

  13. Military Psychology for Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Heerden, Adelaide

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available in trauma therapy is highlighted. 181 Chapter 8 follows on the previous chapter, as Loubsher emphasises the body in the context of trauma, providing the reader with insight into the importance of instinctual bodily responses to the process of healing... influence on the effectiveness of the military as well as the psychological consequences of the disease on factors like combat readiness. An explanation of African traditional approaches to healing provides valuable insight into how African individuals...

  14. Military display performance parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

    2012-06-01

    The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

  15. Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    18 Mar 87 p 2 [Editorial on "Measures Taken" in the "Answers, Responses, Results" section: "False Chords "] [Text] The correspondence entitled...34False Chords " that was. published on 3 January told about violations allowed while dismissing a group of military construction workers into the reserves...which hinder our movement forward are also especially noticeable. It is impossible not to see that INDIVIDUAL OFFICERS, WHO VOCALLY COME OUT FOR

  16. USSR Report, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    was due in part also to the fact that the class was con- ducted by someone other than the individual indicated in the schedule. Inci- dentally , the...Col V. Filatov, KRASNAYA ZVEZDA special correspondent, Chernobyl AES-Kiev-Moscow, under the rubric "Military Character": "At a Time of Trial"] [Text...1. He learned about the accident at the Chernobyl AES almost as soon as it happened, but he did not know and could not imagine how it would

  17. USSR Report, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    notorious questionnaire method, haste and thoughtlessness lead to sad results. For example, in one unit in the Northern Group of Forces a person...the Komsomol member and how they worried that he was military, cocky and sharp-tongued! And his shoulders were squared and his craving to dare, to...examples in this work and make a contribution to the implementation of the nation’s Food Pro- gram. This year too, working in the kolkhoz and sovkhoz

  18. Soviet Military Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    vaned uber -as copoiteprpelans, lsofo imroingth.e.e.i.ees of dis.*~’ - "- .. ’ Soviet industrial modernization programs quire computer technology...Greenland C 1 NORTH , S ATLANTIC OCEAN Mexicos oU.. 3 OOCEAN Gas NOITMLTRPRONLARA * Lt~ Aeula InludngCua).......................A Svit nn Trantr 117I...are larger than those of Canada, island neighbors have little or no armed Brazil or Mexico . With Soviet assistance forces of their own. Cuban military

  19. Sound Military Decision

    Science.gov (United States)

    1942-01-01

    out its continuance. Habitual and studied adherence to the chain of com- mand in administrative matters, in consultation, in the ex- change of...each other. The Fundamental Military Principie , as a va!id guide, encounters no exception in the field it purports to cover. As a practical guide, it...do with the characteristic operations of the command, rather thhan of the commander; they there- fore relate to such matters as routine administration

  20. The Effects of Introducing Advertising in Pay TV: A Model of Asymmetric Competition between Pay TV and Free TV

    OpenAIRE

    Helmut Dietl; Markus Lang; Panlang Lin

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops a theoretical model of asymmetric competition between a pay TV and a free TV broadcaster. Our model shows that the pay TV broadcaster has incentives to place advertising on its channel if the marginal return on advertising exceeds the viewers' disutility from advertising. In this case, however, the pay TV advertising level is always below the corresponding level on free TV. The pay TV advertising level can increase with a higher viewer disutility from advertising but the p...

  1. Turkey-U.S. Defense Cooperation: Prospects and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    officials and analysts pay insufficient attention to changes in the alliance’s dynamics: As France did under Charles de Gaulle in the 1960s, Turkey may...dosyalar/ files/71-82.pdf. 75 For an argument that appears to support this position, see Robert Wexler , “United States and Turkey: Allies at Odds...Insight Turkey, vol. 13, no. 1, winter 2011. Wexler is a former Member of Congress. 76 Field and Zahedi, op. cit. Turkey-U.S. Defense Cooperation

  2. [The cradle of military medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsygan, V N

    2013-12-01

    The Kirov Military Medical Academy, included into the State Code of Particularly Valuable Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of the Russian Federation, plays an important role in national military-medical science and education during XVIII and XIX centuries. Today the Kirov Military Medical Academy consists of 7 faculties, 63 departments (52 military departments and 11 civil departments), 31 clinics (17 surgical clinics and 14 therapeutic clinics), center of extracorporeal detoxification, 3 departments, taking part in treatment and diagnostic process, 11 clinical subdivisions, research center consisting of 4 research subdivisions and 2 laboratories, and also 14 research laboratories, 32 supply subdivisions and publications department. Glorious staff and graduates of the Academy took part in all russian wars. All famous medical schools were founded in the Academy in XIX-XX centuries. At the present time the Kirov Military Medical Academy is the main military medical university, leading research center and treatment facility of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

  3. Triage in military settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falzone, E; Pasquier, P; Hoffmann, C; Barbier, O; Boutonnet, M; Salvadori, A; Jarrassier, A; Renner, J; Malgras, B; Mérat, S

    2017-02-01

    Triage, a medical term derived from the French word "trier", is the practical process of sorting casualties to rationally allocate limited resources. In combat settings with limited medical resources and long transportation times, triage is challenging since the objectives are to avoid overcrowding medical treatment facilities while saving a maximum of soldiers and to get as many of them back into action as possible. The new face of modern warfare, asymmetric and non-conventional, has led to the integrative evolution of triage into the theatre of operations. This article defines different triage scores and algorithms currently implemented in military settings. The discrepancies associated with these military triage systems are highlighted. The assessment of combat casualty severity requires several scores and each nation adopts different systems for triage on the battlefield with the same aim of quickly identifying those combat casualties requiring lifesaving and damage control resuscitation procedures. Other areas of interest for triage in military settings are discussed, including predicting the need for massive transfusion, haemodynamic parameters and ultrasound exploration.

  4. Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, J C

    2012-12-01

    The combatant soldier on the battlefield remains protected from any claim in negligence by the doctrine of combat immunity for any negligent act or omission they may make when fighting. In other words, the combatant soldier does not owe a fellow soldier a duty of care on the battlefield, as the duty of care is non-justiciable. However, the non-combatant Military Healthcare Professional, although sometimes operating in the same hostile circumstances as the fighting soldier, is unlikely to benefit from combat immunity for any clinical negligence on the battlefield. This is because they continue to owe their patient a duty of care, although this has not been tested in the courts. This paper considers if any military healthcare professional could ever benefit from combat immunity, which is unlikely due to their non-combatant status. Instead, this paper suggests that a modified form of immunity; namely, Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity could be a new, unique and viable doctrine, however, this could only be granted in rare circumstances and to a much lesser degree than combat immunity.

  5. Emerging Challenges in the China-US Strategic Military Relationship

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacobson, E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Goldstein, P. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2017-05-08

    The Emerging Challenges in the China-­US Strategic Military Relationship workshop, held at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Center for Global Security Research (CGSR) on March 28th and 29th, 2017, sought to identify and explore key factors in the evolving bilateral relationship with an emphasis on security issues. Participants broadly agreed that while the US-­China relationship remains stable, particularly in the nuclear domain, the overall relationship is trending negatively. As the People’s Republic of China (PRC) continues to experience economic and technological growth, its military strength is also increasing. This increase in military strength as well as Chinese actions in the region have led to increasing uneasiness amongst the United States and its allies. At the same time, it appears that China views the downturn in bilateral relations as the fault of the United States; in particular, former President Obama’s rebalance policy, and the discussions of and deployment of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system. Concern was expressed regarding the overall stability of the US-­China military relationship, and it was noted that strategic stability is less stable than before due to conventional balance shifts and the increased risks of escalation.

  6. Review of mobile health technology for military mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, Jay H; Aldag, Matt; McVeigh, Francis L; Hoover, Ronald L; Ciulla, Robert; Fisher, Ashley

    2014-08-01

    Mental health problems pose challenges for military veterans, returning service members, and military family members including spouses and children. Challenges to meeting mental health needs include improving access to care and improving quality of care. Mobile Health, or "mHealth," can help meet these needs in the garrison and civilian environments. mHealth brings unique capabilities to health care provision through the use of mobile device technologies. This report identifies high-priority mHealth technology development considerations in two categories. First, priority considerations specific to mental health care provision include safety, privacy, evidence-based practice, efficacy studies, and temperament. Second, priority considerations broadly applicable to mHealth include security, outcomes, ease of use, carrier compliance, hardware, provider perspectives, data volume, population, regulation, command policy, and reimbursement. Strategic planning for the advancement of these priority considerations should be coordinated with stated Department of Defense capability needs to maximize likelihood of adoption. This report also summarizes three leading, military programs focused on mHealth projects in mental health, The Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, The Military Operational Medicine Research Program, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and The National Center for Telehealth and Technology.

  7. LOYALTY AND THE MILITARY PROFESSION

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    loyalty, though, is that it invites unfairness , asks one to put aside reliance on good reason, and encourages irresponsibility. Baron explores...loyalty to fellow brethren in another. If the value of military loyalty were based solely on the quantity of advantages to disadvantages, there... advantage of military operational loyalty, enabling 27 service members to fight to the death, which is an advantage of military loyalty whose

  8. The Engagement of Military Voice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    valuable, rare, inimitable, and or- ganizationally integrated ( VRIO ) capabilities of the firm are necessary for competitive advantage.4 Transferring...challenging for any large organization.5 This ex- pertise is developed through education and deliberate practice in the appli- cation of military force to...the military to the nation can be captured in the term SMART power.7 Some scholars are concerned that these VRIO competencies give the military undue

  9. Military Vision Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    augmenting corneal defenses against infection with antibiotic resistant pathogens, like Staphylococcus aureus, in high risk battlefield environments...BODY: The rate of methicillin resistant (MRSA) and fluoroquinolone resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from cases of keratitis is increasing...biosynthesis may represent excellent lead compounds for development of topical or systemic antibiotics . Low level toxicity as reflected by haemoglobin

  10. Developing physician pay arrangements: the cash and care equation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitch, J H

    1998-11-01

    Developing physician compensation packages that help a healthcare organization meet its business objectives while satisfying physician pay expectations requires new ways of linking pay to physician performance. Such compensation arrangements specifically should include pay tied to defined performance standards, compensation linked to group performance, performance incentives based on realistic, achievable goals, work performance measured by common criteria, and similar pay ensured for similar work. Final pay arrangements also should include items that are sometimes overlooked, such as fully delineated job responsibilities, performance measures aligned correctly with performance areas, and the value of benefits considered in the cash compensation levels.

  11. Conversion of Abbandoned Military Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiva Marcinkevičiūtė

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the situation of abandoned military sites, their value and significance of their conservation. It also reviews their impact on their environment and their potential in tourism, environmental, economic and social spheres. Further the positive experiences in military sites' conversion are studied. The importance of society's involvement in the conversions is discussed. The situation of XIX-XX age's military object's, the significance of their conservation and their potential in tourism market is separately analysed. The results of two researches are introduced, one of which inquires about the Lithuanian military objects' potential in tourism sphere, another one explores the possibilities of conversion. Article in Lithuanian

  12. FACTORS EFFECTING TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION DECISIONS IN NATIONAL DEFENSE PROJECTS

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Defense Industry” (DI) not only strengthens the military power of a country, but also effects other fields of technology and economy positively and enables countries to be much more powerful in terms of their competitiveness in technology and knowledge instead of merely being a follower and a continuous customer. If a state seeks to have high-tech and capable DI the only foundation is to create a national environment which is managed based on a systematic ”Technology Management” philosophy a...

  13. FORMATION OF THE SYSTEM STRENGTHENING THE MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL POTENTIAL IN THE CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Yu. Bekkiev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of the system to strengthen the defense industrial capacity. Explored approaches to this problem, given that domestic authors investigated the prospects of high-tech enterprise innovation systems and their sustainability, as well as a variety of instructional approaches, foreign authors assign great importance to the strategic management and systems analysis Management by Objectives defense complex. The problems of strengthening the military-industrial complex and their solutions are presented, such as the need to improve strategic planning (scenario variability of plans, co-ordinated action to overcome threats, challenges and risks, scientific and methodological rationale for the decision-making at all levels (national, regional and organizational. The author gives a system to strengthen the military-industrial potential in the concept of national security, which includes: national values, the program of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, foreign policy concept, the concept of strengthening the military-industrial complex in Russia's national security, the program of socio-economic development of the Voronezh region, as well as methods of analysis and strengthening the military-industrial complex. Particular attention is paid to the method of co-financing of defense enterprises and methods of quantifying the performance objectives semistructured systems.

  14. Avian host defense peptides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuperus, Tryntsje; Coorens, Maarten; van Dijk, Albert; Haagsman, Henk P

    2013-11-01

    Host defense peptides (HDPs) are important effector molecules of the innate immune system of vertebrates. These antimicrobial peptides are also present in invertebrates, plants and fungi. HDPs display broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities and fulfill an important role in the first line of defense of many organisms. It is becoming increasingly clear that in the animal kingdom the functions of HDPs are not confined to direct antimicrobial actions. Research in mammals has indicated that HDPs have many immunomodulatory functions and are also involved in other physiological processes ranging from development to wound healing. During the past five years our knowledge about avian HDPs has increased considerably. This review addresses our current knowledge on the evolution, regulation and biological functions of HDPs of birds.

  15. A Defense Budget Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-09

    budget practices. See Appendix D for the actual timetable of congressional action on the FY1999 budget.65 See James V. Saturno , The Appropriations...details, see James V. Saturno , The Appropriations Process and the Congressional69 Budget Act, CRS Report 97-947. Table 6. Milestone Votes on the Defense...James V. Saturno , The74 Appropriations Process and the Congressional Budget Act, CRS Report 97-947. The Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 and subsequent

  16. Defensive Minefield Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-01

    Minefield Planning by Carlos Vallejo Game Lieutenant, Ecuadorian Navy B. S., Escuela Superior Naval, Ecuador 1980 Submitted in partial fulfillment of...was a superior open-ocean naval force to the North Koreans, defensive minewarfare was able to, at least temporarily, defeat U.S. Navy objectives in...Oswaldo Rosero 1 Unit 8 Coastal Route 1 Monterey, California 93940 77 11. Office of the N’aval Attache 4 Direccion de Educacion 2535 15th. st. N. W

  17. Plant Defense against Insect Herbivores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar. Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight, defense compounds. These bioactive specialized plant defense compounds may repel or intoxicate insects, while defense proteins often interfere with their digestion. Volatiles are released upon herbivory to repel herbivores, attract predators or for communication between leaves or plants, and to induce defense responses. Plants also apply morphological features like waxes, trichomes and latices to make the feeding more difficult for the insects. Extrafloral nectar, food bodies and nesting or refuge sites are produced to accommodate and feed the predators of the herbivores. Meanwhile, herbivorous insects have adapted to resist plant defenses, and in some cases even sequester the compounds and reuse them in their own defense. Both plant defense and insect adaptation involve metabolic costs, so most plant-insect interactions reach a stand-off, where both host and herbivore survive although their development is suboptimal. PMID:23681010

  18. Wireless Security Threats, Vulnerabilities and Their Defense Mechanisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankur Bawiskar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In today’s world means of communications has changed rapidly and the main focus is on wireless communications. Communication in wireless mode has many threats. This paper discusses a brief overview of various threats to wireless networks at various layers and also presents a survey of the defense mechanisms. The main aim is to discuss attacks on MANET and their defense mechanisms. Communication in wireless mode is more challenging as compared to wired mode because of dynamically changing network topology. Wireless networks are mostly used in military applications and commercial applications. This paper also discusses internal threats and external threats. It also gives an overview of routing protocols being used in wireless networks and various attacks that take place against these routing protocols and their counter measures.

  19. Plant defense against insect herbivores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fürstenberg-Hägg, Joel; Zagrobelny, Mika; Bak, Søren

    2013-01-01

    have adapted to resist plant defenses, and in some cases even sequester the compounds and reuse them in their own defense. Both plant defense and insect adaptation involve metabolic costs, so most plant-insect interactions reach a stand-off, where both host and herbivore survive although......Plants have been interacting with insects for several hundred million years, leading to complex defense approaches against various insect feeding strategies. Some defenses are constitutive while others are induced, although the insecticidal defense compound or protein classes are often similar....... Insect herbivory induce several internal signals from the wounded tissues, including calcium ion fluxes, phosphorylation cascades and systemic- and jasmonate signaling. These are perceived in undamaged tissues, which thereafter reinforce their defense by producing different, mostly low molecular weight...

  20. 76 FR 68609 - Military Family Month, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-04

    ... Proclamation 8746--National Diabetes Month, 2011 Proclamation 8747--National Entrepreneurship Month, 2011... dedicated to doing more for our military families by enhancing learning opportunities for our military...