WorldWideScience

Sample records for defense industrial supply

  1. Defense Industry Clusters in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Alpaslan Demir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available All countries strive for a capable national defense supported by a strong national defense industry. Supporting national defense with imported defense systems has many limitations and risks because the terms of arms trade agreements between countries may easily be influenced by the political climate of the signatories. As a result, establishing an independent national defense requires a strong national defense industry. Furthermore, exporting defense systems may be an important source of national income. National defense industries mostly consist of large-scale defense firms that have the resources required for big defense contracts. However, small to medium enterprises (SMEs do not have the necessary resources, therefore they are at a disadvantage. To overcome this handicap and be part of the business, defense industry clusters mostly consisting of SMEs are being established. Provided that there is good national planning and support in this area, defense clusters consisting of SMEs may play a significant role in industry. SMEs have a chance to offer specialized services, special or customized products when needed. As a result, large defense firms subcontract certain portions of defense projects to SMEs. Since 2010, Turkey has shown signs of continuous improvement in defense industry clustering. In parallel with these developments, this study discusses the importance of clustering in the defense industry, briefly presents the state of the Turkish defense industry as highlighted by national statistics, and presents the current status of defense clusters in Turkey. The novelty of this article consists in its assessment of Turkish defense clusters.

  2. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    with companies in the maritime sector. This report “Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics – Business strategies in the offshore supply industry” is the second report in mapping project D. It examines the markets and business strategies of various suppliers and furthermore presents an analysis of the challenges...... at Copenhagen Business School with a focus on value creation in the maritime industries. The project embraces various maritime segments from shipping and offshore to ports and suppliers. The research questions for the individual projects have been formulated by researchers at CBS Maritime in cooperation...... and opportunities for the companies engaged in the different parts of the sector. The report is developed from interviews with top management of key players in the Danish supply industry combined with studies on management literature. The macro- and meso levels of the offshore sector are examined in the CBS...

  3. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    at Copenhagen Business School with a focus on value creation in the maritime industries. The project embraces various maritime segments from shipping and offshore to ports and suppliers. The research questions for the individual projects have been formulated by researchers at CBS Maritime in cooperation...... with companies in the maritime sector. This report “Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics – Business strategies in the offshore supply industry” is the second report in mapping project D. It examines the markets and business strategies of various suppliers and furthermore presents an analysis of the challenges...... and opportunities for the companies engaged in the different parts of the sector. The report is developed from interviews with top management of key players in the Danish supply industry combined with studies on management literature. The macro- and meso levels of the offshore sector are examined in the CBS...

  4. Defense Innovation and Industrialization in South Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Moon, Chung-in; Paek, Jae-Ok

    2010-01-01

    South Korea’s defense industrial transformation has been impressive by any standard. It was able to satisfy most of its basic weapons needs within a decade after launching its defense industry. Since the late 1990s, South Korea has been elevated from a third-tier arms producer to the second tier by moving from the stage of imitation and assembly to that of creative imitation and indigenization. It now competes with major arms-supplying countries. In addition, the South Korean defense...

  5. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    The value chains for offshore oil and gas and offshore wind are both basically driven by the demand for energy. This is heavily dependent on a number of factors including the price of various energy sources and the policy making of the states which influence legislation, indirect subsidies...... and direct investments. At the center of both value chains are the energy companies. The energy companies have a number of suppliers and sub suppliers which provide a range of equipment and services to the offshore operations. The supply industry is characterized by horizontal cooperation (between suppliers...... of services including includes legal advice, financing, insurance etc. The two value chains have a number of activities in common. Both include (1) a tender and concession phase where the energy company obtains the right to explore and produce energy from the authorities. (2) An exploration phase where...

  6. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    and direct investments. At the center of both value chains are the energy companies. The energy companies have a number of suppliers and sub suppliers which provide a range of equipment and services to the offshore operations. The supply industry is characterized by horizontal cooperation (between suppliers....... Traditional manufacturers are often 2nd or 3rd tier suppliers in the installation phase. But by providing after sales services these companies also become direct suppliers to the energy company in the operations phase. Finally a supplier can have different positions in different geographical markets....... A supplier can thus be a direct (1st tier) supplier in one market but needs to go through a local contractor (as a 2nd tier supplier) in another market – even if the provided service is exactly the same in both cases....

  7. Foreign Sources of Supply. FY2007 Report. Annual Report of United States Defense Industrial Base Capabilities and Acquisitions of Defense Items and Components Outside the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    spares A1B Aircraft engines and related spares and spare parts A1C Other aircraft equipment and supplies A2 Missile and space systems A3 Ships A4A ...Total 3,278 1,855,983,343$ 3,441 8,483,002,947$ 6,719 10,338,986,290$ A4A Combat Vehicles U.S. 3,150...0.2% A4A Combat Vehicles U.S. 98.1% 99.1% 94.2% 98.5% 97.0% 98.8% Foreign 1.9% 0.9% 5.8% 1.5% 3.0% 1.2% A4B Non-combat Vehicles U.S. 91.6% 96.7

  8. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This report is part of the research project “The competitive challenges and strategic development possibilities for The Blue Denmark”, which was launched in 2014. The project is funded by the Danish Maritime Fund and carried out by researchers at CBS Maritime which is a Business in Society Platform at Copenhagen Business School with a focus on value creation in the maritime industries. The project embraces various maritime segments from shipping and offshore to ports and suppliers. The res...

  9. Analysis of government policies to support sustainable domestic defense industries

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Armed forces all over the world need military equipment to support their security missions. Having a domestic defense industry is one approach that countries use to supply their armed forces’ requirements. The successful development of a domestic defense industry depends on many factors, but perhaps the most significant variable is the government. Because governments are both buyers and suppliers of national security, government polici...

  10. Korean Defense Industry: Threat or Ally?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-22

    framework for defense industrial cooperation with Korea . While Senator Dixon eventually dropped his opposition and the Korean Fighter Program is now...US defense firms to transfer technology to Korean firms, the US Government must recognize two realities: first, Korea will develop indigenous...serious Korean competition in the foreseeable future. 8 It does not appear that the Korea defense industry is poised to take away significant market

  11. Defense Acquisition Policy and Defense Industrial Base Reinforcement Strategy - Enhancing the International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-23

    Korea Defense Industry Association (KDIA). (2007). Annual management review of Korean Defense Industry. Seoul: Author. Lee, D.O. (2000...COMPETITIVENESS OF THE KOREAN NATIONAL DEFENSE INDUSTRY Published: 23 April 2008 by Dr. Dae Ok Lee 5th Annual Acquisition Research Symposium of the...International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d

  12. Should the Defense Fuel Supply Center Trade in the Futures Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    Market Research and Analysis . This department employs numerous industry economists, market analysts, and Strategic Petroleum Reserve experts. They provide...Contract Review. The actual buying offices include the 2 1nterview between C. Lee, Director of Market Research and Analysis , Defense Fuel Supply Center...redoubled their efforts to dramatically reduce military budgets. 4Interview between C. Lee, Director of Market Research and Analysis , Defense

  13. Achieving Supply Chain Integration within Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter McDermotti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The main driver behind the adoption of supply chain management (SCM philosophy into the construction industry was the successes within other industry sectors. SCM can be defined as network of different organisations, linked upstream and downstream in a chain, aiming to produce quality and value in the services and products for the end consumers through integrated processes and activities. In order to achieve the optimised level of integration of the whole supply chain, the industry has responded in various forms. This paper will discuss different initiatives by the researchers,construction industry,and the UK government in order to achieve optimal level of supply chain integration. This paper will discuss the concept of aggregation,and also look at other supply chain integration related concepts including client-led supply chain, knowledge about the whole supply chain, effects of procurement on integration of supply chain, etc. The paper will give a brief overview and initial findings of a project undertaken by the authors, and also include examples from the UK construction industry on bundling of the supply and demand.

  14. Supply Chain Management in Industrial Symbiosis Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herczeg, Gabor

    2016-01-01

    of industrial symbiosis. First, it discusses the supply chain integration and coordination challenges that appear in industrial symbiosis, on both an organizational and operational level. Secondly, the thesis discusses the organizational capabilities and re- sources relevant for the competitiveness......Sustainable supply chain management deals with the design and operation of profitable supply chains that also respect limitations on natural resources, do no harm to the environment, and consider the social systems they operate in. In academic research on sustainable supply chain management......, as well as in policy documents from e.g. the European Union, the concepts of circular econ- omy and closed-loop supply chains have received significant attention. One of the manifestations of these developments are industrial symbiosis networks. These networks are a collaborative effort to more...

  15. Reinventing the Arsenal: Defense-Industrial Adaptation in Small States

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marc R Devore

    2016-01-01

    .... forced governments to reevaluate their defense-industrial policies. In each case, governments abandoned the pursuit of defense-industrial self-sufficiency and adopted export-dependent defenseindustrial policies...

  16. The fishing industry - toward supply chain modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Toke Koldborg; Nielsen, Jette; Larsen, Erling P.

    Mathematical models for simulating and optimizing supply chain aspects such as distribution planning and optimal use of raw materials are widely used. However, modelling based on a holistic chain view is less studied, and food-related aspects such as quality and shelf life issues enforce additional...... requirements onto the chains. In this paper, we consider the supply chain structure of the Danish fishing industry and illustrate the potential of using mathematical models to identify quality and value-adding activities. This is a first step toward innovative supply chain modelling aimed to identify benefits...... for actors along chains in the fishing industry....

  17. The fish industry - toward supply chain modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Toke Koldborg; Nielsen, Jette; Larsen, Erling

    2010-01-01

    Mathematical models for simulating and optimizing aspects of supply chains such as distribution, planning, and optimal handling of raw materials are widely used. However, modeling based on a holistic chain view including several or all supply chain agents is less studied, and food-related aspects...... such as quality and shelf-life issues enforce additional requirements onto the chains. In this article, we consider the supply chain structure of the fish industry. We discuss and illustrate the potential of using mathematical models to identify quality and value-adding activities. The article provides a first...... step toward innovative supply chain modeling aimed to identify benefits for all agents along chains in the fish industry....

  18. Supply chain coordination in industrial symbiosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herczeg, Gabor; Akkerman, Renzo; Hauschild, Michael Zwicky

    2013-01-01

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) is a form of supply chain cooperation in industrial networks in order to achieve collective benefits by leveraging each other’s by-products and sharing services and utilities. This paper investigates the concept of IS from the perspective of supply chain coordination (SCC......). For this purpose a theoretical framework is built based on SCC aspects, which is subsequently used to analyze a case study. We conclude that research is scant on operational issues and trade-offs as well as on challenges in terms of logistical integration. Also small-scale examples are barely studied or modeled....

  19. Supply Chain Vulnerability in the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Xanthopoulos, Panagiotis; Pejicic, Jerko

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research study is the empirical analysis of theelements affecting supply chain vulnerability with a focus on theautomotive industry. Methodology: This research is based on a deductive approach. In order to fulfilthe purpose of the study, the authors stated three hypotheseswhich were tested with help of quantitative data. Moreover, thesurvey strategy was used while using questioning in order to gatherinformation from subjects. With the help of a web-based questionn...

  20. Deming's Management Philosophy and the defense industrial base.

    OpenAIRE

    Graff, David Jacques

    1991-01-01

    Approved for public release: distribution is unlimited The purpose of this thesis is to analyze why firms are leaving the defense industrial base and to determine if Dr. Edwards Deming's Management Philosophy can offer a more constructive way of doing business in the Defense Acquisition System. A comparative analysis was conducted between industry's reasons for wanting to leave the defense sector and Deming's Management Philosophy. This analysis determined if adoption of Deming's Managemen...

  1. Defense Procurement Strategy for a Globalized Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    QDR,” DefenseNews, 8 November 2004, p. 4. 3 Vago Muradain, “Finalizing Transformation,” DefenseNews, 8 November 2004, p. 34. 4 Hugo Posey and Ben...Interavia, Summer 2004, 34-36. Munton, Bob, and Brinley Salzmann. “U.K.’s Growing Contols.” DefenseNews, 25 October 2004, 96. Muradain, Vago

  2. Pricing Strategy for the Marine Supplies Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jiang, Liping; Hansen, Carsten Ørts

    but frequently underappreciated effort on achieving profitability and keeping business thriving. What Can Be Done? The marine supplies industry needs radical change in pricing by thinking about customer’s needs and aligning the incentives between suppliers and customers for long-term relationship. Value...... underpriced or promised at performance levels that cannot be delivered profitably. Why Is It Important? Pricing is one of the most important elements for all business and everything in the business works to justify the input value for a price and turn it into a profit. It therefore has a dramatic...

  3. The US Defense Industrial Base: Past, Present, and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    government-backed “merger mania ” by industry observers.83 By and large, the US government played little role in how the industry chose to re- structure...little evidence that the creativ - ity and technological innovation that has made the US defense industry a source of enduring strategic advantage

  4. Analysis of Defense Industry Consolidation Effects on Program Acquisition Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Industry Mergers. 15 April 1997. Suhan, Kensinger, Keown , and Martin , “Do Strategic Alliances Create Value,” Journal of Financial Economics, 46 2 (1997...aerospace and defense contractors (Lockheed- Martin , Northrop-Grumman, Boeing, Raytheon, and General Dynamics) (See the figures in the Appendix...overhead costs. Also in 1993, Norman R. Augustine, then CEO of Lockheed Martin , headed an effort involving other major defense industry executives

  5. SOUTH AMERICA: INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD SUPPLY POTENTIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronalds W. Gonzalez

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available South America has substantial potential to expand its forest plantations and raw material supply. From 1997 to 2005, South America had a high annual growth rate in the production of industrial roundwood, with Brazil and Chile being the most important countries. In the same period, Asia had the only negative regional production growth rate in the world, and China became the largest round wood importer in the world. This paper summarizes the status of production, consumption, imports, and exports of industrial roundwood and forest products in South America. Produc-tion and exports from South America have continually increased at annual growth rates exceeding the forestry sector in general and the U.S. in particular. Based on timber growing investments to date, a strong timber production and forest products manufacturing sector has developed in the Southern Cone countries of Chile, Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay, and is increasing in other countries in Latin America. There will be continued opportunities for forest plantations and new manufacturing facilities throughout South America, tempered somewhat by perceived country financial and political risks. These opportunities will allow South America to increase its share of world production and increase imports to North America and to Asia.

  6. Supply chain management and relational competitive advantage in footwear industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fernando Luiz Emerenciano Viana; José de Paula Barros Neto; Miguel Eduardo Moreno Añez

    2014-01-01

    This work investigated the supply chain management contribution to competitive advantage for companies in the footwear industry, with a primary focus on the inter-organizational relationship analysis...

  7. Schools Enlisting Defense Industry to Boost STEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trotter, Andrew

    2008-01-01

    Defense contractors Northrop Grumman Corp. and Lockheed Martin Corp. are joining forces in an innovative partnership to develop high-tech simulations to boost STEM--or science, technology, engineering, and mathematics--education in the Baltimore County schools. The Baltimore County partnership includes the local operations of two major military…

  8. Energy Supply System for Industrial Poultry Houses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sit M.L.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The gas engine driven carbon dioxide heat pump designed for providing the heat, cold and electricity for industrial poultry house is proposed. The scheme differs from the known by using recuperative heat exchanger installed between the exhaust air duct of poultry house and heat pump evaporator and the heat curtain installed on the air duct after the evaporator. The air coming into the poultry house after the regenerative heat exchanger is supplied to the heat pump gas cooler. The heat pump produces heat of the required parameters of the input air and water for watering of poultry, space heating, etc. Heat pump compressor is driven by gas engine (GPA, by natural gas or biogas. The part of the gas-piston engine heat is used for adjusting the optimal heat pump mode and for regeneration of the absorbent in an evaporative cooler. The proposed technical solution of the above scheme provides a higher COP of the heat pump. Installing of heat curtain does not require the use of non-freezing solution to prevent icing of the air outlet of heat pump evaporator. The latter allows producing, besides electric power and heat, still cold (with the use off the adsorption-refrigerating machine and provide drying air inlet evaporative cooler (if necessary.

  9. The resource economics of chemical and structural defenses across nitrogen supply gradients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craine, Joseph; Bond, William; Lee, William G; Reich, Peter B; Ollinger, Scott

    2003-12-01

    In order to better understand the role of nutrient supplies in determining the prevalence of plant defense types, we investigated the theoretical relationships between ecosystem N supply and the net C gain of shoots that were undefended or defended in one of three ways: (1) by N-free chemical compounds, (2) by N-containing chemical compounds, or (3) by structural defenses. By extending economic models of shoot resource balance to include the relative value of C and N, depreciation, and amortization, we were able to show that the relative net C gain of the three defense types were similar to changes in their generally understood abundance along an N supply gradient. At low N supply, the additional C acquired when investing C in defense is much higher than investing N in defenses. Only at high N supply is it better to invest large quantities of N in defense rather than additional photosynthesis. In a sensitivity analysis, net C gain of shoots was most sensitive to factors that affect the relative value of C and N and the rate of herbivory. Although there is support for the relative value of C and N influencing defense strategies, more research is necessary to understand why tannins are not more prevalent at high N supply and why moderate amounts of N-based defenses are not used at low N supply.

  10. Electricity, Gas and Water Supply. Industry Training Monograph No. 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumbrell, Tom

    Australia's electricity, gas, and water supply industry employs only 0.8% of the nation's workers and employment in the industry has declined by nearly 39% in the last decade. This industry is substantially more dependent on the vocational education and training (VET) sector for skilled graduates than is the total Australian labor market. Despite…

  11. Logistics service sharing in supply hub in industrial park (SHIP)

    OpenAIRE

    Qiu, Xuan; 邱璇

    2013-01-01

    Industrial parks have played an indispensible role in boosting economic and industrial development. However, further development has been impeded by the shortage of land resources and by duplicate investments on common physical assets and services. This thesis proposes the concept of Supply Hub in Industrial Park (SHIP) as a public provider of warehousing and transportation services shared by manufacturing enterprises located within an industrial park. This research investigates four typic...

  12. Information Technology in Supply Chain Management at apparel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Yanqing

    2013-01-01

    With the rapid development of the global economy, the Chinese market is the largest consumption market in the world. Chinese domestic enterprises as well as global apparel enterprises target at the Chinese market. Enterprises informatization becomes a competition weapon to earn Chinese market shares. Supply chain management (SCM) could play an important role in the supply chain competition at the apparel industry. IT is like a nerve system for supply chain management (SCM). SCM clearly depend...

  13. Should bioengineering graduates seek employment in the defense industry?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Arthur T

    2014-01-01

    They say that the difference between a mechanical engineer and a civil engineer is that the mechanical engineer develops weapons whereas a civil engineer designs targets. The implication is that some engineers are involved with building peaceful infrastructure whereas others contribute to destruction. This brings to mind the question: what is the proper role for engineers in the creation of weapons and defenses against them? In particular, should engineers specializing in biology or medicine be involved in the defense industry? After all, bioengineers are supposed to be builders or healers rather than warriors or destroyers.

  14. Defense programs industrial partnerships at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freese, K.B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Industrial Partnership Office

    1996-10-01

    The US Department of Energy`s Defense Programs face unprecedented challenges of stewardship for an aging nuclear stockpile, cessation of nuclear testing, reduced federal budgets, and a smaller manufacturing complex. Partnerships with industry are essential in developing technology, modernizing the manufacturing complex, and maintaining the safety and reliability of the nation`s nuclear capability. The past decade of federal support for industrial partnerships has promoted benefits to US industrial competitiveness. Recent shifts in government policy have re-emphasized the importance of industrial partnerships in accomplishing agency missions. Nevertheless, abundant opportunities exist for dual-benefit, mission-driven partnerships between the national laboratories and industry. Experience at Los Alamos National Laboratory with this transition is presented.

  15. Integrating developing country manufacturing industries into global supply chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fasika Bete Georgise

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Due to globalization of manufacturing activities, the arena of competition and competitiveness advantage is moving from firms towards supply chains and networks. With the recent advancement of information and communication technologies this participation are becoming as common business practice in developed countries firms. Companies were more integrated into the world market for the global nature of the sourcing, manufacturing and distribution. These changes create both challenges and opportunities for the manufacturing industries in developing countries. The objective of this paper is to examine the level of inter-organizational and intra-organizational supply chain integration practices in developing country, Ethiopia.Design/methodology/approach: An industrial questionnaires survey was used to collect the current practices of the manufacturing industries in Ethiopia as an example of the developing countries. Descriptive statistics is primarily used for the analysis.Findings: Results show a low level of supply chain relationship both in intra and inter organizational supply chain integration level among members. Accordingly, such issues require much attention to facilitate a greater integration within the supply chains in the Ethiopian manufacturing industries.Research limitations/implications: The paper focuses on examining the practices of Ethiopian manufacturing industries empirical data. The interpretation of results should be taken with prudence.Originality/Value: The manufacturing industry in developing countries (MIDC has been a part of the global supply chains for long time as a supplier of raw material and manufacturer of primary products. Currently, the MIDC is trying to access the different markets segment of the world even with new products starting from their local market to the complex and dynamic international market. Nevertheless, their supply chains are inefficient and hence, their competitiveness level far from the

  16. New Industrial Park Energy Supply (NIPES): a method of efficiently supplying energy to a community of industrial users

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-08-01

    The New Industrial Park Energy Supply (NIPES) concept allows the use of coal by small as well as large industrial users. The NIPES concept consists of a system of Energy Supply Stations groups of cogeneration plants) and steam transmission lines that supplies process heat and electricity to multiple existing and/or new users in an industrial park(s) setting. The Energy Supply Stations grow along with the industrial park(s) as new industries are attracted by a reliable reasonably priced energy source. The growth of the Energy Supply Stations over a period of years allows the introduction of new energy sources and technologies as they become established. This report describes the generic NIPES concept and the results of the evaluation of a specific NIPES system for the Lake Charles, Louisiana, area. A ten-year process steam load growth scenario is developed including both new and existing industrial users. During the initial years of the growth scenario, process steam is supplied to the industrial users by several coal-fired plants. Later, as the process steam load develops, a two-unit nuclear plant is integrated into the specific NIPES system. An evaluation is also performed for a NIPES system consisting of all coal-fired plants. The specific NIPES system is compared to: (1) individual user owned oil-fired facilities for existing industrial users; and (2) individual user owned coal-fired facilities for new industrial plants. A financial analysis is performed to determine the total economic advantages associated with the NIPES system: savings in a steam costs for industrial users, potential return on investment for investors.

  17. A Segment Level Study of Defense Industry Capital Investment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-01

    and James Tobin. "Pitfalls in Financial Model Building," American Economic Review , 58: 99-122 (May 1968). 10. Brock, Horace R. Accounting Principles...Function," I Econometrica, 28: 1-29 (January 1960). 16. "Investment Plans and Realizations," American Economic Review , 52: 190-203 (May 1962). 17...34Investment: Fact and Fancy," American Economic Review , 53: 237-246 (May 1963). 18. Gansler, Jaques S. The Defense Industry. Cambridge MA: Mit Press, 1980

  18. Analysis of Government Policies to Support Sustainable Domestic Defense Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    Companies in US and Their Sales Sales Number of Companies 41 products that reflect consumers’ tastes and preferences, and prices that reflect the...SUSTAINABLE DOMESTIC DEFENSE INDUSTRIES 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Roni Marzah and Budi Setiawan 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES...Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA 93943-5000 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING /MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND

  19. Fashion Industry Supply Chain Issues: Zara (Azel France)

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammed Kürşad Özlen; Iskra Handukic

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of retail business is to continuously maintain the responsiveness to the changing trends in consumer fashion tastes through quickly creating new designs that are suitable for all customers with an affordable price. Hence, the importance of Supply Chain (Management) has appeared. The objectives of this study are to analyze the impact of purchasing and supply chain management strategies in retail industry and identify the way of success of AZEL FRANCE Retailer Company of ZARA c...

  20. Developing a supply chain management certification for the Department of Defense

    OpenAIRE

    Griffin, Timothy R.; Trinrud, Scott A.

    2007-01-01

    MBA Professional Report The purpose of this project is to develop a Supply Chain Management (SCM) certification within the Department of Defense (DoD). The report provides background information on certification and SCM. This report defines SCM and describes some potential benefits of SCM for the DoD. The report discusses what the DoD will gain from a formal SCM certification program that could be outsourced to civilian universities or provided by organizations within the Defense Acquisiti...

  1. Barriers to green supply chain management in Indian mining industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muduli, K.; Govindan, Kannan; Barve, A.

    2013-01-01

    industries are increasingly implementing environmental management systems (EMS), cleaner production (CP), and adopting green supply chain management (GSCM) practices. GSCM focuses on a reduction of the adverse impacts of supply chain activities as well as a minimization of energy and material usage....... This study focuses on the mining industry as a case study by which we will identify factors and sub-factors hindering GSCM implementation. A graph theoretic and matrix approach (GTMA) has been used to quantify the adverse impact of these barriers on GSCM implementation. An assessment of the inhibiting...

  2. Department of Defense Fuel Spending, Supply, Acquisition, and Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-22

    atmospheric distillation. A topping refinery produces naphtha but no gasoline. • Hydroskimming refineries are equipped with atmospheric distillation... naphtha reforming and necessary processes to treat for sulfur. More complex than a topping refinery, hydroskimmers run light sweet crude and...maximum (-40°C). It is supplied under ASTM D1655 (Jet A) specification. Jet B is a distillate covering the naphtha and kerosene fractions. It can be used

  3. Supply chain integration opportunities for the offshore wind industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinez, Ivan

    2016-01-01

    Purpose - This paper surveys the literature on supply chain integration (SCI) to identify the state of research in the various types of studied industries and manufacturing environments. The purpose of this paper is to identify academic discoveries that could provide offshore wind projects...... of analysis, type of industry and manufacturing environment being studied, integrative practices, integrative barriers and the link between SCI and performance. Findings - While SCI has been evolving to become an influential topic in the field of supply chain management, scholars have overlooked industrial...... contingencies by ignoring the differences between the studied industrial contexts, especially project-based manufacturing environments. The present review also reveals that no study of SCI has been conducted on the construction of renewable energy projects. Another finding is that case studies and research...

  4. Foresight Model of Turkey's Defense Industries' Space Studies until 2040

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuksel, Nurdan; Cifci, Hasan; Cakir, Serhat

    2016-07-01

    Being advanced in science and technology is inevitable reality in order to be able to have a voice in the globalized world. Therefore, for the countries, making policies in consistent with their societies' intellectual, economic and political infrastructure and attributing them to the vision having been embraced by all parties of the society is quite crucial for the success. The generated policies are supposed to ensure the usage of countries' resources in the most effective and fastest way, determine the priorities and needs of society and set their goals and related roadmaps. In this sense, technology foresight studies based on justified forecasting in science and technology have critical roles in the process of developing policies. In this article, Foresight Model of Turkey's Defense Industries' Space Studies, which is turned out to be the important part of community life and fundamental background of most technologies, up to 2040 is presented. Turkey got late in space technology studies. Hence, for being fast and efficient to use its national resources in a cost effective way and within national and international collaboration, it should be directed to its pre-set goals. By taking all these factors into consideration, the technology foresight model of Turkey's Defense Industry's Space Studies was presented in the study. In the model, the present condition of space studies in the World and Turkey was analyzed; literature survey and PEST analysis were made. PEST analysis will be the inputs of SWOT analysis and Delphi questionnaire will be used in the study. A two-round Delphi survey will be applied to the participants from universities, public and private organizations operating in space studies at Defense Industry. Critical space technologies will be distinguished according to critical technology measures determined by expert survey; space technology fields and goals will be established according to their importance and feasibility indexes. Finally, for the

  5. Profit Analysis and Supply Chain Planning Model for Closed-Loop Supply Chain in Fashion Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jisoo Oh; Bongju Jeong

    2014-01-01

    In recent decades, due to market growth and use of synthetic fiber, the fashion industry faces a rapid increase of CO 2 emission throughout the production cycle and raises environmental issues in recovery processing. This study proposes a closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) structure in fashion industry and develops its planning model as multi-objective mixed integer linear programming to find an optimal trade-off between CLSC profit and CO 2 emission. The planning model is associated with the pr...

  6. Sustainable supply chain management practices in Indian automotive industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathivathanan, Deepak; Kannan, Devika; Haq, A. Noorul

    2017-01-01

    managerial, environmental, societal, and governmental associations. We propose a framework model, using the Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory method, to evaluate automotive industry SSCM practices specifically situated in the emerging economy of India. Through a questionnaire survey......As one of the largest manufacturing sectors, the automotive industry has a deep impact on the society and environment. Automotive products provide mobility to millions and create jobs, but also threaten the environment. Consumer pressure, government regulations, and stakeholder demands...... into the traditional supply chain and that help an industry shift towards a sustainable supply chain are called SSCM practices. Firms have difficulty identifying the most useful practices and learning how these practices impact each other. Unfortunately, no existing research has studied the interrelated influences...

  7. Supply of the Industrial Products in Romania. A Territorial Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Grigorescu

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The industrial products and services supply was analyzed in the present paper through the statistical indicators of the industrial production, applied for Romania (2005, both at macroeconomic and regional level (on development regions. The first part of the paper presents some of the methodological reglamentations used in determining the “industrial production” statistical indicator, according to the European Union statistical practices (Pack, 2000; *** ìMethodology of short-term business statisticsî, 2006; Peneder, 2001. In the second part of the paper, the authors analyze the main industrial policy previsions in Romania in order to accelerate the process of resource allocation among and within the various sectors, to improve the competitiveness, to attenuate the discrepancies between the economic development level of Romanian regions and to become part of a common European industrial policy. Regional analysis is a domain largely studied by Kangas, Leskinen, Kangas, 2007; Leskinen, Kangas, 2005; Rondinelli, 1996; Banai-Kashani, Reza, 1989.  

  8. Exploratory Analysis of Supply Chains in the Defense Industrial Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    a specific example of a Global Hawk system affected by DMS issues in the EO/IR system. The EO/IR Receiver Unit ( ERU ) consists of a visible EO and an...into the platform by NG. The ERU optics and chassis are a unique Raytheon design. The EO camera and the IR detector assembly are COTS items. The EO...replacement cameras suggested by Basler and given the design constraints present in the Global Hawk ERU , it is clear that they are mechanically and

  9. Fashion Industry Supply Chain Issues: Zara (Azel France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammed Kürşad Özlen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of retail business is to continuously maintain the responsiveness to the changing trends in consumer fashion tastes through quickly creating new designs that are suitable for all customers with an affordable price. Hence, the importance of Supply Chain (Management has appeared. The objectives of this study are to analyze the impact of purchasing and supply chain management strategies in retail industry and identify the way of success of AZEL FRANCE Retailer Company of ZARA clothing in Bosnia and Herzegovina from supply chain perspective management by conducting a survey study. AZEL FRANCE is found to be successful in that it can control and streamline the highly consumable fashion items in their supply chains so that they can greatly decrease their lead time and thus increase be responsive enough for fast changes in fashion customer needs and desires by minimizing the industry risks. The retailer stores of AZEL FRANCE are also found to be confident about the future profitability. However, some technical inabilities of the company are also identified. It can be suggested that AZEL FRANCE can easily leverage more its successfully implemented supply chain activities by increasing its technical abilities.

  10. The Impact of the Defense Industry Consolidation on the Aerospace Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    Markets, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, May 2000. 9. Demski, Joel S. and Robert P. Magee. “A Perspective on Accounting for Defense...Takuji. “What Do the Purified Solow Residuals Tell Us about Japan’s Lost Decade?” Monetary and Economic Studies: 113-148 (February 2005). 26. Kim... Robert E. Waller. “Consolidation of the U.S. Defense Industrial Base: Impact on Research Expenditures,” Acquisition Review Quarterly, 9: 143-150 (Spring

  11. Critical success factors in industrial marketing supply chain management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Azad

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Implementation of better marketing strategies in industry plays an important role in increasing sales and profitability of industrial part suppliers. Understanding the weakness in each part of supply chain helps reduce different cost component and increases profitability. In this paper, we present an empirical study to find important factors influencing marketing strategies based on factor analysis. The study designs and distributes a questionnaire consists of 64 questions. The proposed study uses Skewness analysis to reduce the factors into 44 items and reports 8 important factors including business environment, communication chain technology, good organizational relationship, leadership cost strategy, performance risk, ecommerce strategy, encouraging strategy and consistency in organizational performance.

  12. Alternative power supply systems for remote industrial customers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharlamova, N. V.; Khalyasmaa, A. I.; Eroshenko, S. A.

    2017-06-01

    The paper addresses the problem of alternative power supply of remote industrial clusters with renewable electric energy generation. As a result of different technologies comparison, consideration is given to wind energy application. The authors present a methodology of mean expected wind generation output calculation, based on Weibull distribution, which provides an effective express-tool for preliminary assessment of required installed generation capacity. The case study is based on real data including database of meteorological information, relief characteristics, power system topology etc. Wind generation feasibility estimation for a specific territory is followed by power flow calculations using Monte Carlo methodology. Finally, the paper provides a set of recommendations to ensure safe and reliable power supply for the final customers and, subsequently, to provide sustainable development of the regions, located far from megalopolises and industrial centres.

  13. Reengineering Model of Supply Chain of Tea Industry in Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Yunnan University of finance and Trade recording to t he statistics of chain's output of tea, Yunnan province has entered the ranks of the larger ones of the production in China. Yunnan's tea industry has the natur al resources and the economic effects envied, on the orther hand, Yunnan's tea m arket has gradually become less and the economic effects have been poor. Through our comprehensive investigation and study, we consider that because the supply chain has seriously been disjointed among production...

  14. Managing the Services Supply Chain in the Department of Defense: Empirical Study of the Current Management Practices in the Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-21

    Managing the Services Supply Chain in the Department of Defense: Empirical Study of the Current Management Practices in the Army 21 September...Managing the Services Supply Chain in the Department of Defense: Empirical Study of the Current Management Practices in the Army 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b...Service Supply Chain , Services Acquisition, Service Lifecycle, Contract Management, Project Management, Program Management = = ^Åèìáëáíáçå=oÉëÉ~êÅÜ

  15. Defense Inventory: Further Analysis and Enhanced Metrics Could Improve Service Supply and Depot Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    to be used up beyond recovery or repair—and provides these items to the services when requisitioned in support of approximately 2,400 weapon...distribution functions for depot maintenance operations varies across the services . For example, the Air Force and DLA have agreed to a local recovery ...DEFENSE INVENTORY Further Analysis and Enhanced Metrics Could Improve Service Supply and Depot Operations Report

  16. Managing the Service Supply Chain in Department of Defense: Implications for the Program Management Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-30

    Supply Chain in Department of Defense: Implications for the Program Management Infrastructure Published: 30 April 2007 by Rene G. Rendon, Lecturer, and Uday Apte, Professor, Naval Postgraduate School 4th Annual Acquisition Research Symposium of the Naval Postgraduate School: Approved for public release, distribution unlimited. Prepared for: Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California 93943 Acquisition Research: Creating Synergy for Informed Change May 16-17, 2007 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188

  17. A study of industrial hydrogen and syngas supply systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amos, W. J.; Solomon, J.; Eliezer, K. F.

    1979-01-01

    The potential and incentives required for supplying hydrogen and syngas feedstocks to the U.S. chemical industry from coal gasification systems were evaluated. Future hydrogen and syngas demand for chemical manufacture was estimated by geographic area and projected economics for hydrogen and syngas manufacture was estimated with geographic area of manufacture and plant size as parameters. Natural gas, oil and coal feedstocks were considered. Problem areas presently affecting the commercial feasibility of coal gasification discussed include the impact of potential process improvements, factors involved in financing coal gasification plants, regulatory barriers affecting coal gasification, coal mining/transportation, air quality regulations, and competitive feedstock pricing barriers. The potential for making coal gasification the least costly H2 and syngas supply option. Options to stimulate coal gasification system development are discussed.

  18. 33 CFR 106.270 - Security measures for delivery of stores and industrial supplies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... stores and industrial supplies. 106.270 Section 106.270 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... stores and industrial supplies. (a) General. The OCS facility owner or operator must ensure that security measures relating to the delivery of stores or industrial supplies to the OCS facility are implemented...

  19. Impacts of Large Scale Wind Penetration on Energy Supply Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Kabouris

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Large penetration of Renewable Energy Sources (RES impacts Energy Supply Industry (ESI in many aspects leading to a fundamental change in electric power systems. It raises a number of technical challenges to the Transmission System Operators (TSOs, Distribution System Operators (DSOs and Wind Turbine Generators (WTG constructors. This paper aims to present in a thorough and coherent way the redrawn picture for Energy Systems under these conditions. Topics related to emergent technical challenges, technical solutions required and finally the impact on ESI due to large wind power penetration, are analyzed. Finally, general conclusions are extracted about the ESI current and future state and general directions are recommended.

  20. Employment within the power supply industry and the power supply related activities 2010; Sysselsatte i kraftnaeringen og kraftrelatert virksomhet 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thoen, Haavard

    2011-07-01

    The report's main objective is to investigate employment within the power supply industry and the power supply related activities. The report will describe the composition of employees in regard to sex, age and education. The power supply industry is defined in Statistics Norway's Standard Industrial Classification, as 'Production and distribution of electricity'. The group of companies related to power supply related activities employ similar persons in regard to education and occupation, typical to companies in the power supply industry. In the report, these two groups make up the power supply sector. In 2010 there were 18215 employees in the power supply sector. This constitutes an increase of nearly 12 per cent since 2004 and 1,7 per cent since 2008. The sex distribution of about 80 per cent men and 20 per cent women has been fairly stable since 2004. Compared to the private sector in general the power supply sector has a low share of women among its employees. In 2009 the level of education in the power supply sector was higher than for the private sector in general. Since 2004, the share of persons with higher education has increased from 27 to 33 per cent. Employees in the power supply sector are on an average older than the employees in the private sector. The employees have matured since 2004, but in the last few years, there have also been signs of fresh recruitment. The power supply industry had a net influx of 347 new employees, or 2 percent, in the period between 2009 and 2010. There were 1522 new employees and 1175 employees lost in the sector due to attrition, which gives a turnover rate of 20 percent. If we look at the supply of new employees who were also employed in 2009, 19 percent of female employees worked in temporary staff recruitment agencies. This indicates that temporary work was an entry gate to the power supply industry for many women. Among men, the building- and construction sector was the most common background for

  1. Managing the Services Supply Chain in the Department of Defense: An Empirical Study of Current Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-23

    of services and the increasing importance of services acquisition offer a unique and significant opportunity for conducting research in the management of the service supply chain in the Department of Defense.

  2. Overview of the Spanish electricity supply industry model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galvez, J.B.; Collado, R.J. (ENDESA (Spain))

    1993-01-01

    The Spanish Electricity Supply Industry (ESI) is a fairly large, well diversified industry which has undergone substantial changes during the last decade, aimed at achieving three distinct objectives: maximum economic efficiency; maintenance of the ESI as a national energy policy tool; and flexibility vis-a-vis a changing environment. The changes have affected the three structural elements of the system: industrial and business structure, tending towards a greater horizontalization of the industry and consolidation of the companies involved; system management and operation, under the perspective of an integrated system with regard to key decisions both in the long-term (i.e. capacity planning) and short-term (i.e. energy dispatching system); and tariff and price regulation in the context of a country-wide single tariff, aimed at promoting system efficiency and 'yardstick' competition through the use of 'standard costs' for all cost items in all parts of the system. Beyond these initial changes, there are new elements under consideration and developed in a new Law for the Structuring of the Electric System, blocked at present by the impending elections. This new Law would maintain the perspective of the integrated system while allowing for competition in certain areas (i.e. new generation, 'energy sellers') and promoting greater transparency with the segregation of activities (Generation, Transmission, Distribution, and 'Energy Sales').

  3. THE PROGNOSIS OF RUSSIAN DEFENSE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTED THROUGH REGRESSION ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. Kapustina

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The article illustrates the results of investigation the major internal and external factors which influence the development of the defense industry, as well as the results of regression analysis which quantitatively displays the factorial contribution in the growth rate of Russian defense industry. On the basis of calculated regression dependences the authors fulfilled the medium-term prognosis of defense industry. Optimistic and inertial versions of defense product growth rate for the period up to 2009 are based on scenario conditions in Russian economy worked out by the Ministry of economy and development. In conclusion authors point out which factors and conditions have the largest impact on successful and stable operation of Russian defense industry.

  4. Profit Analysis and Supply Chain Planning Model for Closed-Loop Supply Chain in Fashion Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jisoo Oh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, due to market growth and use of synthetic fiber, the fashion industry faces a rapid increase of CO2 emission throughout the production cycle and raises environmental issues in recovery processing. This study proposes a closed-loop supply chain (CLSC structure in fashion industry and develops its planning model as multi-objective mixed integer linear programming to find an optimal trade-off between CLSC profit and CO2 emission. The planning model is associated with the profit analysis of each member in CLSC to find the optimal price of products on CLSC network. The model determines optimal production, transportation, and inventory quantities on CLSC network. The proposed models are validated using numerical experiments and sensitivity analyses, and from the results some managerial insights are addressed.

  5. Can Industry Consolidation Lead to Greater Efficiencies? Evidence from the U.S. Defense Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Nayantara Hensel

    2010-01-01

    The question of whether mergers in various industries lead to greater market power or improved efficiencies has been the subject of numerous public policy debates. This analysis focuses on the impact of consolidation in the U.S. defense industry over the past 20 years and examines the reasons behind the wave of defense consolidation, the results in terms of the reduction in contractors, the antitrust response to mergers, and evidence on the impact of the mergers on weapons systems’ total and ...

  6. Modular Open System Architecture for Reducing Contamination Risk in the Space and Missile Defense Supply Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seasly, Elaine

    2015-01-01

    To combat contamination of physical assets and provide reliable data to decision makers in the space and missile defense community, a modular open system architecture for creation of contamination models and standards is proposed. Predictive tools for quantifying the effects of contamination can be calibrated from NASA data of long-term orbiting assets. This data can then be extrapolated to missile defense predictive models. By utilizing a modular open system architecture, sensitive data can be de-coupled and protected while benefitting from open source data of calibrated models. This system architecture will include modules that will allow the designer to trade the effects of baseline performance against the lifecycle degradation due to contamination while modeling the lifecycle costs of alternative designs. In this way, each member of the supply chain becomes an informed and active participant in managing contamination risk early in the system lifecycle.

  7. Globalization and Its Implications for the Defense Industrial Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    pursued three strategies: buying relatively small defense units from diversified U.S. conglomerates (like General Motors and TRW); acquiring defense...13.9 percent).121 European companies have been very successful in China: Volkswagen makes the country’s most popular brand of cars, and Siemens is the

  8. Employment within the power supply industry and the power supply related activities; Sysselsatte i kraftnaeringen og kraftrelatert virksomhet 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thoen, Haavard

    2012-07-01

    The report's main objective is to investigate employment within the power supply industry and the power supply related activities. The report will describe the composition of employees in regard to sex, age and education. The power supply industry is defined in Statistics Norway's Standard Industrial Classification, as 'Production and distribution of electricity'. The group of companies related to power supply related activities employ similar persons in regard to education and occupation, typical to companies in the power supply industry. These two groups make up the power supply sector in this report. In 2011 there were 18 450 employees in the power supply sector. This constitutes an increase of nearly 13.5 per cent since 2004 and 1.1 per cent since 2010. The sex distribution of about 80 per cent men and 20 per cent women has been fairly stable since 2004. The power supply sector has a low share of women among its employees compared to the private sector in general. In 2011 the level of education in the power supply sector was higher than for the private sector in general. Since 2004, the share of persons with higher education has increased from 27 to 33 per cent. Employees in the power supply sector are on average older than employees in the private sector. The employees have matured since 2004, but in the last few years, there have also been signs of fresh recruitment. The power supply industry had a net influx of 380 new employees, in the period between 2009 and 2011. There were 1678 new employees and 1298 employees lost in the sector due to attrition. If we look at the supply of new employees who were also employed in 2010, 14.2 percent of female employees worked in temporary staff recruitment agencies. Temporary work seems to be an important entry gate to the power supply industry for women. Among men, the building- and construction sector was the most common background for new employees in the power supply industry. Among people who quit

  9. SINGLE CRITERION SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN OLIVE OIL INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvija Vlah Jerić

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work we consider the supply chain management in olive oil industry. We construct the mixed-integer programming model connecting the optimization of olives harvesting and storage and olive oil production. The goal is to maximize the olive oil producer profit consisting of revenue, production cost and storage cost. In the same time, we have to take into the consideration the farmers’ (suppliers’ utility too. Namely, the suppliers want to maintain the harvest delay and delivery cost as minimal as possible. In the case of single criterion optimization problem we suppose that the producer is taking care of all five goals, so the objective function consists of the producer’s revenue, storage cost, production cost, harvest delay and delivery cost with the appropriate sign. Due to the big dimension of the problem two heuristics are proposed for solving it. Some simulations are performed and the results show good heuristics behavior.

  10. Supply chain management and relational competitive advantage in footwear industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Luiz Emerenciano Viana

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This work investigated the supply chain management contribution to competitive advantage for companies in the footwear industry, with a primary focus on the inter-organizational relationship analysis. It was used an analysis model developed by Viana (2010, whose main theoretical support is given by relational view (DYER; SINGH, 1998. It is an interpretive multiple case study, including two companies that operate in Ceará State. The data analysis procedure used the constant comparison method, with the Atlas/ti software assistance. In general, it is realized that in the buyers-suppliers relationships prevails the partnership and the main assumptions of supply chain management are applied, which contributes for the relational competitive advantage. In the relationships between enterprises and the government and development institutions, tax incentives are the main resource accessed, which contribute for temporary competitive advantage over competitors that do not have production facilities in the Northeast region as well as lead to a competitive parity situation to competitors that have production facilities in the Northeast region and to the external market competitors.

  11. 48 CFR 52.234-1 - Industrial Resources Developed Under Defense Production Act Title III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Industrial Resources... CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.234-1 Industrial Resources Developed Under Defense Production Act Title III. As prescribed at 34.104, insert the following clause: Industrial Resources...

  12. Defense Logistics. Lack of Key Information May Impede DOD’s Ability to Improve Supply Chain Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have focused attention on the performance of the Department of Defense’s (DOD) supply chain management...According to DOD, it spent approximately $178 billion on its supply chain in fiscal year 2007. As a result of weaknesses in DOD’s management of its... supply chain , this area has been on GAO’s list of high-risk federal government programs since 1990. DOD released its Logistics Roadmap in July 2008 to

  13. An Isothermal Steam Expander for an Industrial Steam Supplying System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen-Kuang Lin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Steam is an essential medium used in the industrial process. To ensure steam quality, small and middle scale boilers are often adopted. However, because a higher steam pressure (compared to the necessary steam pressure is generated, the boiler’s steam pressure will be reduced via a pressure regulator before the steam is directed through the process. Unfortunately, pressure is somewhat wasted during the reducing process. Therefore, in order to promote energy efficiency, a pressure regulator is replaced by a steam expander. With this steam expander, the pressure will be transformed into mechanical energy and extracted during the expansion process. A new type of isothermal steam expander for an industrial steam supplying system will be presented in the paper. The isothermal steam expander will improve the energy efficiency of a traditional steam expander by replacing the isentropic process with an isothermal expansion process. With this, steam condensation will decrease, energy will increase, and steam quality will be improved. Moreover, the mathematical model of the isothermal steam expander will be established by using the Schmidt theory, the same principle used to analyze Stirling engines. Consequently, by verifying the correctness of the theoretical model for the isothermal steam expander using experimental data, a prototype of 100 c.c. isothermal steam expander is constructed.

  14. Oil refining industry: Technology complexity and supply flexibility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gulli' , F. (Univ. Commerciale L. Bocconi, Milan (Italy). Ist. di Economia delle Fonti di Energia)

    1992-01-01

    In the last twenty years, the rapid shifting of demand towards lighter products (together with a reduction in demand for crude oil), and the new environmental requirements for finished products have imposed a restructuring of the petroleum refining sector, as well as, a larger recourse to technologically more complex types of processes. However, global changes in the crude oil and petroleum products market did not take place in a uniform way; thus, remarkable differences in refining technologies now exist among the refining systems of the USA, Japan and Europe (Italy in particular). In highlighting and evaluating these differences, this paper identifies a clear technological gap between the US industry and the European and Japanese industries due mainly to the strong penetration in the US of conversion processes. In fact, this high conversion capacity is a consequence of the need to adjust the offer to increasing demand for light products. Further changes foreseen in the crude oil supply and finished products market call for greater re-conversion of downstream refining.

  15. Innovative development problems of private sector of engineering and defense industrial complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Lugovtsov

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The innovation processes in non-governmental sector of machine building complex and defense industry complex of the Russian Federation are analyzed in this article. Also the recommendations for development are given.

  16. 76 FR 1521 - Security Zone: Fleet Industrial Supply Center Pier, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone: Fleet Industrial Supply Center Pier, San... of the San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA. The existing security zone is around the former Fleet Industrial... Fleet Industrial Supply Center Pier. The pier is no longer owned by the U.S. Navy and the security zone...

  17. Dominant supply chain co-ordination strategies in the Dutch aerospace industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, Johannes T.; Meijboom, Bert

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – Firms in the aerospace industry face considerable pressure to improve co-ordination in their supply chains. The major question of the present study is what supply chain co-ordination strategies are dominant in the Dutch aerospace industry given the market environment of this industry?

  18. Dominant supply chain co-ordination strategies in the Dutch aerospace industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, Hans; Meijboom, Bert

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – Firms in the aerospace industry face considerable pressure to improve co-ordination in their supply chains. The major question of the present study is what supply chain co-ordination strategies are dominant in the Dutch aerospace industry given the market environment of this industry? De

  19. An analysis of disruptions in aerospace/defense organizations that affect the supply chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickerson, Toscha L.

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine whether or not functions of procurement organizations structures' and aerospace suppliers were perceived as disruptions and to identify their effects on lead time and costs within a supply chain. An analysis of employees' perception of centralized and decentralized procurement functions, aerospace and defense suppliers, lead times of goods and services, price increases, and schedule delays was conducted. Prior studies are limited in regards to understanding how specific procurement functions affects an organization procurement structure. This non-experimental quantitative study allowed for a survey to be administered to aerospace and defense companies throughout the United States to obtain information from sourcing and procurement professionals with 5 or more years of experience. The current study utilized a 10 question survey based on the 5- point Likert -type scale to determine the findings. Through descriptive and inferential statistics, using regression analysis, standard deviation, and P-value; findings indicated that the majority of the participants surveyed perceived both centralized and decentralized procurement functions affected lead time and cost of goods and services resulted in a positive effect and were considered as supply chain disruptions.

  20. Measuring the influence of industry sector membership on supply chain disruption reporting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcantara, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    The global Supply Chain Resilience Survey by the Business Continuity Institute and Zurich Insurance is a comprehensive study on the state of supply chains in different organisations worldwide. As a benchmarking tool, it also contains data about business continuity arrangements in place to ensure supply chain resilience. Given this study's historically qualitative approach to reporting, this paper aims to introduce quantitative analysis. In this paper, responses that report membership in Standard Industrial Classification 2007 industry sectors from the 2013 Supply Chain Resilience Survey were disaggregated and related to supply chain disruption reporting. A chi-square test of independence reveals that membership in a particular industry sector influences reporting of supply chain disruption. Nonetheless, the relationship between these variables is weak. This study demonstrates interesting differences between industry sectors in terms of supply chain resilience. Further research is required in terms of other variables in order to provide granularity and relevant findings to supply chain planners.

  1. Management Practice of Supply Chain Quality Management in Service-oriented Manufacturing Industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ping Gu; Ruyi Song; Xuyun Chen

    2017-01-01

    Supply chain quality management (SCQM) in service-oriented manufacturing industries is needed in delivering value to customers in all process of supply chain management based on total quality management (TQM...

  2. Electronics Industry Study Report: Semiconductors and Defense Electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    Lucent Technologies, Madrid, Spain Ministry of Defense, Madrid, Spain Ministry Of Defense, Prague, Czech Republic Tesla Blatna, Blatna, Czech... Nicolas Mokhoff , “Nanotechnology Will Even Out Semi Cycles,” Electronic Engineering Times, November 25, 2002, p. 20 61 Rob Fixmer, “Moore’s Law...2001). Moad, Jeff and Vaas, Lisa, IT Job Outlook, eWeek, 10/7/02, Vol. 19, Issue 40, p. 37 Mokhoff, Nicolas . “Nanotechnology Will Even Out Semi

  3. Analysis of Information Sharing Mechanism in the Food Industry Green Supply Chain Management and Operation Process

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Ye-ming; Yin, Fang-Fang; Fu, Xian-zhi

    2010-01-01

    In order to effectively address the issues of environmental pollution and food safety in food industry, the green supply chain management should be used in the food industry. However, information sharing is the basis of supply chain management. For this purpose, on the basis of describing the connotation of food industry green supply chain management, the paper introduces the contents and the effects of information sharing mode in detail. It focuses on the barriers of the implementation of in...

  4. Analysis of Information Sharing Mechanism in the Food Industry Green Supply Chain Management and Operation Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In order to effectively address the issues of environmental pollution and food safety in food industry,the green supply chain management should be used in the food industry.However,information sharing is the basis of supply chain management.For this purpose,on the basis of describing the connotation of food industry green supply chain management,the paper introduces the contents and the effects of information sharing mode in detail.It focuses on the barriers of the implementation of information-sharing mechanisms in the food industry green supply chain management and operation process and analyzes the necessity of using information sharing mechanism among the members of the food industry green supply chain management mode by game theory,so as to strengthen the competitiveness of enterprises through supply chain management.

  5. The implementation of Supply Chain Collaboration in China: Manufacturing Industries

    OpenAIRE

    HAN, CHE

    2011-01-01

    As we know that supply chain management is important to a manufacturing company and Chinese manufacturing companies have great contribution to the world. Unfortunately, Chinese companies still use traditional supply chain to operate, and it will not help companies to improve their performance and save costs. In this way, the topic of this dissertation is investigating one of the modern supply chain management strategies which is supply chain collaboration. In addition, the supplier developmen...

  6. Barriers analysis for green supply chain management implementation in Indian industries using analytic hierarchy process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Kaliyan, Mathiyazhagan; Kannan, Devika

    2014-01-01

    Manufacturing industries started adopting the green concept in their supply chain management recently to focus on environmental issues. But, industries still struggle to identify barriers hindering green supply chain management implementation. This work focuses on identifying barriers to the impl......Manufacturing industries started adopting the green concept in their supply chain management recently to focus on environmental issues. But, industries still struggle to identify barriers hindering green supply chain management implementation. This work focuses on identifying barriers...... to the implementation of a green supply chain management (Green SCM) based on procurement effectiveness. A total of 47 barriers were identified, both through detailed literature and discussion with industrial experts and through a questionnaire-based survey from various industrial sectors. Essential barriers...

  7. Strategy for the Long Haul: The U.S. Defense Industrial Base, Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    to be seen as a bout of government-backed “merger mania ” by industry observers.83 By and large, the US government played little role in how the...States. However, there is little evidence that the creativ - ity and technological innovation that has made the US defense industry a source of

  8. Network attack detection and defense: securing industrial control systems for critical infrastructures (Dagstuhl Seminar 14292)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dacer, Marc; Kargl, Frank; König, Hartmut; Valdes, Alfonso

    2014-01-01

    This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 14292 “Network Attack Detection and Defense: Securing Industrial Control Systems for Critical Infrastructures”. The main objective of the seminar was to discuss new approaches and ideas for securing industrial control systems. It

  9. 77 FR 3739 - Executive-led Aerospace and Defense Industry Trade Mission to Turkey-Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... and trade media, direct mail, notices by industry trade associations and other multiplier groups, and... International Trade Administration Executive-led Aerospace and Defense Industry Trade Mission to Turkey--Notification AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice. Mission...

  10. Adapting transport modes to supply chains classified by the uncertainty supply chain model: A case study at Manaus Industrial Pole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Lucena Oliveira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses transport modes supporting Uncertainty Supply Chain Model (USCM in the case of Manaus Industrial Pole (PIM, an industrial cluster in the Brazilian Amazon that hosts six hundred factories with diverse logistics and supply chain managerial strategies. USCM (Lee, 2002; Fisher, 1997develops a dot matrix classification of the supply chains considering several attributes (e.g., agility, cost, security, responsiveness and argues that emergent economies industrial clusters, in the effort to keep attractiveness for technological frontier firms, need to adapt supply chain strategies according to USCM attributes. The paper takes a further step, discussing which transport modes are suitable to each supply chain classified at the USCM in PIM´s case. The research´s methods covered the use of PIM´s statistical official database (secondary data, interviews with the main logistical services providers of PIM and phone survey with a sample of firms (primary data. Findings confirm the theoretical argument that different supply chains will demand different transport modes running at the same time in the same industrial cluster (Oliveira, 2009. In the case of PIM, this implies investments on port and airport infrastructure and a strategic focus on air transport mode, due to (1 short life cycle of products, (2 distance from suppliers, (3 quick response to demand and (4 the fact that even PIM´s standard products use, in average, forty per cent of air transport at inbound logistics.

  11. Contemporary Chinese Defense Industry Reforms and Civil–Military Integration in Three Key Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Francis, Ed; Puska, Susan M

    2010-01-01

    This brief highlights key points on three Chinese government and military organizations involved in managing defense science, technology, and industry: 1) the State Council’s State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND); 2) the General Armament Department (GAD) of the People’s Liberation Army; and 3) the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology’s Civil–Military Integration Promotion Department (CMIPD). This brief calls attention to im...

  12. Role of behavioural factors in green supply chain management implementation in Indian mining industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muduli, Kamalakanta; Govindan, Kannan; Barve, Akhilesh

    2013-01-01

    Green supply chain management (GSCM) integrates ecological concepts with those of supply chain management in order to minimize energy and material usage and to reduce adverse impacts of supply chain activities on the environment. GSCM implementation in mining industries depends largely upon certain...

  13. Role of behavioural factors in green supply chain management implementation in Indian mining industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muduli, Kamalakanta; Govindan, Kannan; Barve, Akhilesh

    2013-01-01

    Green supply chain management (GSCM) integrates ecological concepts with those of supply chain management in order to minimize energy and material usage and to reduce adverse impacts of supply chain activities on the environment. GSCM implementation in mining industries depends largely upon certa...

  14. 33 CFR 165.1121 - Security Zone: Fleet Supply Center Industrial Pier, San Diego, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Guard District § 165.1121 Security Zone: Fleet Supply Center Industrial Pier, San Diego, CA. (a... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Security Zone: Fleet Supply Center Industrial Pier, San Diego, CA. 165.1121 Section 165.1121 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST...

  15. JPRS Report Central Eurasia Military Affairs Defense Industry and Conversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    and organizing complex, ecologi - high interest among defense workers. But let us begin cally clean production operations. The state conversion with...51%, in 1991 it was reduced Ecology " program. These programs will be carried out by to 44% and, based upon 1992’s results, this share will hundreds of...PO "More", Feodosiya Passenger hydrofoil motor ships 7. Program for producing equipment for the "Almaz" Plant, Kiev Equipment for creating plants for

  16. Defense Spending and the Trade Performance of U.S. Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    certain countries such as Japan have an overly important influ- ence on the results. 13Smith (1980). 6 EFFECTS OF DEFENSE SPENDING ON TRADE...AD-A261 026 Defense Spending and the Trade Performance of U.S. Industries Ai Loren Yager, C. R. Neu FEB 2 3 1993 Appwvovd for pukAie r.10a", 93-02799...the Joint Staff, Contract No. MDA903-90-C-0004. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Yager, Loren, 1954- Defense spending and the trade

  17. Multidimensional Structure for Definingthe Effect of Organizational Culture and Supply Chain Culture on Knowledge Sharing in Supply Chain of Automotive Industry: With Emphasis on Improving Supply Chain Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available : One of the key aspects of knowledge management is organizational culture. Finding an appropriate culture and key indicators for culture in implementation and execution of knowledge management are one the most important matter in knowledge management implementation in any organization. So, the main purpose of this article was presenting a multidimensional structure for organizational culture and supply chain culture with the aim of effective knowledge sharing in supply chain of automotive industry of Iran. First, according to the literature review, key indicators for any dimension of multidimensional structure of the research were defined. Then, key indicators were revised, adjusted and modified by three industry experts and three college professors, so 4 questions and 5 hypotheses were offered. Next, that multidimensional structure has been assessed as a survey and cause-effect study in supply chains of Iran Khodro Company and Saipa Company.115 industry professionals have participated in this study. In the research, after testing co-linearity between variables, relations between different dimensions of the multidimensional structure have been assessed with the help of path analysis. Research findings showed that the multidimensional structure introduced in the study had an appropriate fitness in automotive industry. The results of path analysis also showed that the culture of the supply chain has had the greatest impact of Business culture. On the other hand, business culture had a strong but indirect effect on supply chain performance. And finally, the greatest effect of knowledge sharing and transferring was on non-financial performance of supply chain.

  18. Supply chain bottlenecks in the South African construction industry: Qualitative insights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poobalan Pillay

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The construction industry in South Africa has a lot of potential but its performance is still restricted by numerous internal and external challenges. Unless these challenges are identified and understood better, further growth of this industry is likely to be hindered, which has negative economic implications for the South African economy.Objectives: This study investigated supply chain bottlenecks faced by the construction industry in South Africa. It also discussed solutions for addressing the identified bottlenecks in order to facilitate the continued development of supply chain management in the construction industry.Method: The study used a qualitative approach in which in-depth interviews were held with purposively selected senior managers drawn from the construction industry in South Africa. Content analysis using ATLAS.ti software was employed to identify the themes from the collected data.Findings: The findings of the study showed that supply chain management in the construction industry in South Africa is constrained by five major bottlenecks: skills and qualifications, procurement practices and systems, supply chain integration, supply chain relationships and the structure of the construction industry. Recommendations for addressing each of these five challenges were put forward.Conclusion: The study concludes that both awareness and application of supply chain management in the construction industry in South Africa remains inhibited, which creates opportunities for further improvements in this area to realise the full potential of the industry.

  19. ASSESSMENT OF EFFICIENCY OF INVESTMENTS INTO THE ENTERPRISES OF DEFENSE INDUSTRY COMPLEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Sitnikov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the foreign arms market dramatically increases competition among manufacturers. Countries such as China and India began to produce some types of weapons that deserve the attention of a potential consumer countries. To execute an order of the President of the Russian Federation "not to lose position in the global market and to supply the Russian army with weapons of the next generation" it is necessary to introduce into production a new technology. The specifi city of enterprises of the military-industrial complex, one cannot expect help in this direction from abroad. It is therefore necessary to rely on their own strength. But, unfortunately, we are currently producing new technologies practically are not engaged. One of the reasons is the lack of modern production facilities.Actively developing the process of the revival of the defence and scientifi c-technological sphere requires the development of fundamentally new models of functioning of enterprises of the military-industrial complex, market-based relationships between government and business. One of the Central problems of defence building is the development and introduction into the daily operations of criteria (indicators related to the performance of weapons systems in General and each of its subsystems separately, with the costs of maintaining an adequate level of defensibility of the country, and the correlation of this level with the cost, because this shows the effi ciency of the system and its separate links.Annotation. The article investigates the process of innovative development programs for enterprises of the military-industrial complex, which is associated with the necessity of taking into account a signifi cant portion of specifi c factors and indicators that diff erentiate these businesses from the main mass of industrial enterprises.The goal / task. The main purpose of the presentation of material in this article is to analyze the indicators (criteria of

  20. Technogeopologistics: Supply Networks and Military Power in the Industrial Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    the German Western campaign were fully motorized .48 As a result, the vast majority of the German infantry marched into battle, supplied with horse...Germans simply had overextended their LOCs.51 In other words, the fast-moving German motorized divisions were in danger of outrunning their logistics...Creveld, Supplying War Hitler had a fascination with cars. The National Socialist movement highlighted the new Autobahn and the Volkswagen as

  1. Defense Industrial Base (DIB): Munitions Realignment for 2020

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Virginia GOCO Manufacture propellants : nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose , powders, medium caliber ammunition. ARMS program Scranton Army Ammunition...high explosives, and propellants . Between 1915 and 1918, U.S. production facilities expanded to 185 organic and commercial plants. Following WWI...decisions propelled the munitions industrial base to achieve efficiency through mergers, redundancy, and commercial partnerships. The facilities are

  2. Defense Industry Consolidation and Weapon Systems Cost Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    consolidation in the industry. Year Buyer Target Price ($Billions) 1988 Kohlberg Kravis RJR Nabisco 25.1 1984 Chevron Gulf Oil 13.3 1988 Philip Morris Kraft...Steel Marathon Oil 6.6 1988 Campeau Federated Stores 6.5 1986 Kohlberg Kravis Beatrice 6.2 Table 7. Ten Largest Acquisitions 1981 – 1989 (Aftrer54

  3. Commitment to and preparedness for sustainable supply chain management in the oil and gas industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan Ahmad, Wan Nurul K; Rezaei, Jafar; Tavasszy, Lóránt A; de Brito, Marisa P

    2016-09-15

    Our current dependency on the oil and gas (O&G) industry for economic development and social activities necessitates research into the sustainability of the industry's supply chains. At present, studies on sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) practices in the industry do not include firm-internal factors that affect the sustainability strategies employed by different functional areas of its supply chains. Our study aims to address this gap by identifying the relevant internal factors and exploring their relationship with SSCM strategies. Specifically, we discuss the commitment to and preparedness for sustainable practices of companies that operate in upstream and downstream O&G supply chain. We study the impact of these factors on their sustainability strategies of four key supply chain functions: supplier management, production management, product stewardship and logistics management. The analyses of data collected through a survey among 81 companies show that management preparedness may enhance sustainable supply chain strategies in the O&G industry more than commitment does. Among the preparedness measures, management of supply chain operational risks is found to be vital to the sustainability of all supply chain functions except for production management practices. The findings also highlight the central importance of supplier and logistics management to the achievement of sustainable O&G supply chains. Companies must also develop an organizational culture that encourages, for example, team collaboration and proactive behaviour to finding innovative sustainability solutions in order to translate commitment to sustainable practices into actions that can produce actual difference to their SSCM practices.

  4. The Defense Industrial Base: Prescription for a Psychosomatic Ailment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    the Garrison State Threaten Civil Ri§hts, 1951) and George Orwell 1.984, 1948T. In 1947 Hanson Baldwin stated, "The military are getting the bit in...of peace that a nation can be made ready to fight. 3 The father of our nation George Washington also stressed the importance of adequate preparedness...industrial planning and mobilization fully effective. In a 1935 tour of government manufacturing facilities, Secretary of War George H. Dern witnessed

  5. China’s Defense Industry on the Path of Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    Research and Analysis (CIRA), a premier open source and cultural intelligence exploitation cell for the U.S. intelligence community. Staffed by an... Colombia and Russia (digital routers for telecommunication networks owned by the Russia Telecommunications Company). For the future, Julong plans on...Shanghai) 56 helicopter series, parts and accessories Jiangxi Hongdu Aviation Industry Co., Ltd. 洪都航空 Aerospace products and

  6. SIMULATION OF STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT PRODUCTION IN DEFENSE-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandr M. Batkovsky

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the methodological frameworkand tools for manag-ing the strategic development ofproduction created by the defense-industrial complexof Russia. A model of the development strategy ofproducing the products is worked out, the backgroundand stability of the simulation results are analyzed.

  7. Targeting U.S. Technologies: A Trend Analysis of Reporting from Defense Industry 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-16

    involving attempts to intrude or “ hack ” into the defense industrial base’s computer systems or networks originated from East Asia and the Pacifi c...easily mask IP addresses, utilize freely available anonymous proxies, or launch attacks from any of the open WiFi hotspots across the globe. These

  8. Competing Explanations of U.S. Defense Industry Consolidation in the 1990s and Their Policy Implications

    OpenAIRE

    Ryan R. Brady; Greenfield, Victoria A.

    2009-01-01

    Was the consolidation of defense industry in the 1990s driven by U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) directives, or was it driven instead by the same forces that drove consolidation in many other sectors of the U.S. economy in the 1990s? To better understand the roles of DOD policy and economy-wide forces in shaping the U.S. defense industry, we test for structural breaks in defense industry and spending data and compare our findings to those relating to other sectors and the general economy. We...

  9. Risk Management in the Supply Chain of the Brazilian automotive industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Edson Júnior Gomes Guedes; Alexandre de Vicente Bittar; Luiz Carlos Di Serio; Luciel Henrique de Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    .... This article has the objective to give a vision of the supply chain risk management in the Brazilian automotive industry through a case study, when samples of a strong (an automaker) and a weak...

  10. Identifying the loading nodes of systems of an industrial power supply using a passive experiment method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fedorov, A.A.; Abashev, A.D.

    1983-01-01

    The possibility is demonstrated of describing models of normal modes of systems of industrial electric supply in the language of flow charts. The use of a two stage method of least squares is examined for identifying the loading nodes.

  11. Applying the Heuristic to the Risk Assessment within the Automotive Industry Supply Chain

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Daniela Marasova; Miriam Andrejiova; Anna Grincova

    2017-01-01

    .... Managing the risks is crucial for achieving the customer satisfaction and thus also a company’s success. The subject-matter of the article is the assessment of the supply chain in the automobile industry, in terms of risks...

  12. Social and environmental risk management in supply chains: a survey in the clothing industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Freise, Matthias; Seuring, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    .... This study aims at analysing both why companies in the clothing industry are performing management of social and environmental risks in their supply chain and what kind of action they are taking...

  13. Securing innovation through a differentiated supply system : The fashion industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamann, Dirk-Jan F.; Steller, Daan; Kaminishi, K; Duysters, G

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes a Situation where next to very innovative goods with short life cycles and volatile demand, rather commodity type goods are carried with more stable demand. A 'Two Lane Strategy' is described, with two different configurations of actors in the company's supply system. In each of

  14. A supply chain cost reduction framework for the South African mobile phone industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musenga F. Mpwanya

    2017-03-01

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to explore supply chain costs in the South African mobile phone industry, and to develop a supply chain cost-reduction framework for the South African mobile phone industry. Setting: This study explores supply chain costs in four mobile phone companies operating in the South African mobile phone industry, of which three mobile network operators and one mobile retailing group. It uses semi-structured interview data collected in 2011. Method: This study adopted a qualitative case study design to understand supply chain costs and develop a supply chain cost-reduction framework for the South African mobile phone industry. Eight semi-structured interviews with managers of mobile phone companies were conducted. The data were analysed with the help of Atlas.ti, using an adapted three-phased analytical framework as suggested by Miles and Huberman (1994 and O’ Dwyer (2004. Results: The study found that consolidation of strategic relationships through collaboration and strategic alliances between MNOs and other supply chain players is one of the ways to drive costs down across the supply chain. Outsourcing of some of the support activities and retailers’ direct purchasing transactions from device manufacturers were also found to be other avenues for reducing supply chain costs in the industry. Conclusion: The study suggests that mobile network operators (MNOs need to consolidate their strategic relationships by increasing the share of the network infrastructure, and emphasising the need to strive for operational efficiencies. This combined effort should result in significant cost reductions across the supply chain. The findings of this study provided some avenues that managers of mobile-phone companies could consider to drive costs down supply chain-wide and service end-users at lower rates. The findings of this study could also help regulating authorities to get insights into supply chain cost reduction and develop appropriate

  15. Management Practice of Supply Chain Quality Management in Service-oriented Manufacturing Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Gu Ping; Song Ruyi; Chen Xuyun

    2017-01-01

    Supply chain quality management (SCQM) in service-oriented manufacturing industries is needed in delivering value to customers in all process of supply chain management based on total quality management (TQM). In the paper, we identify the latest themes through reviewing prior quality management and supply chain management(SCM) literature. In particular, we find manufacturing firms transform from providing products towards providing services, which means they need to go through fundamental ch...

  16. The applicability of industrial symbiosis praxis to improving the environmental sustainability of supply chains

    OpenAIRE

    BATISTA, Luciano

    2010-01-01

    The environmental impact of supply chains is a complex problem which involves interconnected and interdependent organisations from different industries, sectors and geographical areas. Finding ways of involving the parts of a supply chain system in synergistic relationships aimed at minimising the overall impact of the whole system on the environment is likely to achieve better results than each part trying to do its best in isolation. The adoption of sustainable practices in supply chains is...

  17. Industry 4.0 : a vision for personalized medicine supply chains?

    OpenAIRE

    Branke, Jürgen; Farid, Suzanne S.; Shah, Nilay

    2016-01-01

    Industry 4.0 foresees a digital transformation of manufacturing resulting in smart factories and supply chains. At the heart of the concept lies the vision of interconnected materials, goods and machines, where goods find their way through the factory and the supply chain to the customer in a self-organized manner. Industry 4.0 is gaining traction in high value manufacturing sectors. This expert insight article explores what this technology-driven vision has to offer the biopharmaceutical ind...

  18. A Review on the Integration of Supply Chain Management and Industrial Cluster

    OpenAIRE

    Mangano, Giulio; Marco, Alberto

    2013-01-01

    Although Supply Chain Management (SCM) and Industrial Cluster (IC) are two different fields of study, it has been identified that there is a natural and internal relationship between these two theories. Most of research works depict that, integration of the two concepts is in its infancy. The aim of this research is to review the integration between supply chain management and industrial cluster, at the same time to identify the gap and propose solution. To achieve the research aim, two pairs...

  19. Pressure analysis for green supply chain management implementation in Indian industries using analytic hierarchy process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiyazhagan, K.; Govindan, Kannan; Noorul Haq, A.

    2014-01-01

    and diverse, and demands new levels of accountability, financial commitment and supply chain capabilities. Indian manufacturing industries have started adopting green concepts in their supply chain management giving special attention to environmental issues based on pressures from different directions, e...... into six groups. Then common acceptable pressures were identified through a questionnaire survey from different industrial sectors in Phase 1. Finally, essential pressures are prioritised with the help of analytic hierarchy process in Phase 2....

  20. A COMPARISON OF GREEN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG INDUSTRIES SECTORS IN CHINA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ying; Miyadera, Tetsuhiko; Fujita, Tsuyoshi

    This paper aims to examine the differences of Green supply chain management (GSCM) implementation among chemical, automobile and machinery industries in China based on a questionnaire survey designed by Industrial Ecology at two industrial parks in Shenyang city. Exploratory factor analysis and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to analyze the data. The main result was that the GSCM practices of the three industries are still at a beginning stage. The level of GSCM practices of automobile industry (promoted by international market competition) was higher than those of chemical and machinery industry (promoted by domestic laws and policies).

  1. “Powering Up” for the 21st Century: The Power Supply Industry in Major Transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ArnoldN.Alderman

    2005-01-01

    The power supply industry is changing more today than ever before. From business composition to architectures, design methods, sourcing, geographic composition and infrastructure, every element of the power supply industry is changing. The challenges are dramatic, with solutions having long term impact. An overview is presented of the power supply industry today based on the author's industry association work, experience as a supplier, and discussions with industry leaders. Since power supplies is such a broad subject, the paper's focus is on some key aspects of the industry that may have wide interest to readers and participants. The major trends, market drivers, and issues are examined with some basic conclusions and challenges cited. The objective is to provide the reader with 1) a better overall impression of the state of the power supply industry is today 2) some insight into what the transitional driving elements are and 3) some ideas for assisting in the transitioning movements. The comments are mainly regarding North America and Europe, however these trends are affecting the Asian and Japanese regions.

  2. Understanding Transferable Supply Chain Lessons and Practices to a “High-Tech” Industry Using Guidelines from a Primary Sector Industry: A Case Study in the Food Industry Supply Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian E. Coronado Mondragon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Flexibility and innovation at creating shapes, adapting processes, and modifying materials characterize composites materials, a “high-tech” industry. However, the absence of standard manufacturing processes and the selection of materials with defined properties hinder the configuration of the composites materials supply chain. An interesting alternative for a “high-tech” industry such as composite materials would be to review supply chain lessons and practices in “low-tech” industries such as food. The main motivation of this study is to identify lessons and practices that comprise innovations in the supply chain of a firm in a perceived “low-tech” industry that can be used to provide guidelines in the design of the supply chain of a “high-tech” industry, in this case composite materials. This work uses the case study/site visit with analogy methodology to collect data from a Spanish leading producer of fresh fruit juice which is sold in major European markets and makes use of a cold chain. The study highlights supply base management and visibility/traceability as two elements of the supply chain in a “low-tech” industry that can provide guidelines that can be used in the configuration of the supply chain of the composite materials industry.

  3. Understanding transferable supply chain lessons and practices to a "high-tech" industry using guidelines from a primary sector industry: a case study in the food industry supply chain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coronado Mondragon, Adrian E; Coronado Mondragon, Christian E; Coronado, Etienne S

    2015-01-01

    Flexibility and innovation at creating shapes, adapting processes, and modifying materials characterize composites materials, a "high-tech" industry. However, the absence of standard manufacturing processes and the selection of materials with defined properties hinder the configuration of the composites materials supply chain. An interesting alternative for a "high-tech" industry such as composite materials would be to review supply chain lessons and practices in "low-tech" industries such as food. The main motivation of this study is to identify lessons and practices that comprise innovations in the supply chain of a firm in a perceived "low-tech" industry that can be used to provide guidelines in the design of the supply chain of a "high-tech" industry, in this case composite materials. This work uses the case study/site visit with analogy methodology to collect data from a Spanish leading producer of fresh fruit juice which is sold in major European markets and makes use of a cold chain. The study highlights supply base management and visibility/traceability as two elements of the supply chain in a "low-tech" industry that can provide guidelines that can be used in the configuration of the supply chain of the composite materials industry.

  4. Understanding Transferable Supply Chain Lessons and Practices to a “High-Tech” Industry Using Guidelines from a Primary Sector Industry: A Case Study in the Food Industry Supply Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coronado Mondragon, Adrian E.; Coronado, Etienne S.

    2015-01-01

    Flexibility and innovation at creating shapes, adapting processes, and modifying materials characterize composites materials, a “high-tech” industry. However, the absence of standard manufacturing processes and the selection of materials with defined properties hinder the configuration of the composites materials supply chain. An interesting alternative for a “high-tech” industry such as composite materials would be to review supply chain lessons and practices in “low-tech” industries such as food. The main motivation of this study is to identify lessons and practices that comprise innovations in the supply chain of a firm in a perceived “low-tech” industry that can be used to provide guidelines in the design of the supply chain of a “high-tech” industry, in this case composite materials. This work uses the case study/site visit with analogy methodology to collect data from a Spanish leading producer of fresh fruit juice which is sold in major European markets and makes use of a cold chain. The study highlights supply base management and visibility/traceability as two elements of the supply chain in a “low-tech” industry that can provide guidelines that can be used in the configuration of the supply chain of the composite materials industry. PMID:25821848

  5. 78 FR 69267 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Requirements Relating to Supply Chain Risk...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    ... supply chain risk. This rule implements section 806's three supply-chain risk-management approaches as... to improve supply chain risk management (SCRM). In doing so, the DoDI requires, among other things... consider the impact of supply chain risk in specified types of procurements related to national...

  6. Developing a Supply Chain Management Certification for the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Supply Chain Management Definition ,” Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals Web Site, http://www.cscmp.org/ (accessed May 15, 2007). 35...Management Professionals Web Site. http://www.cscmp.org/ (accessed May 1, 2007). Council of Supply Chain Professionals. “Supply Chain Management ... Definition .” Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals Web Site.http://www.cscmp.org/ (accessed May 15, 2007). Cousins, Paul, Benn Lawson and

  7. Supply Chain Co-ordination and Industry Clockspeed: an Exploratory Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, Hans; Akkermans, Henk; Meijboom, Bert

    2003-01-01

    The increasing velocity of change, or clockspeed, in the business environment is a key challenge for firms and industries nowadays. In this study, the impact of industry and organisation clockspeed on specific mechanisms used for supply chain co-ordination is investigated from an information-process

  8. Supply chain performance attributes for the fast moving consumer goods industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhu Bala

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This research paper identifies the supply chain performance attributes that are relevant to the Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG industry. The FMCG supply chains are analysed from the perspective of processes, components and typology. The typical issues faced by the FMCG supply chains are also explored. Three supply chain operational models are compared and identify SCOR as the one best suited for the FMCG industry. The survey, conducted with the respondents from four research cases across two product categories, demonstrates the acceptance and the usage of the performance attributes for the FMCG supply chains. The results also include the analysis of the typology of the research cases across two product categories.

  9. Building green supply chains in eco-industrial parks towards a green economy: Barriers and strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jacqueline; Pan, Shu-Yuan; Kim, Hyunook; Linn, Jean H; Chiang, Pen-Chi

    2015-10-01

    As suggested by UNEP, the key to sustainable development is to create a "green economy" which should encapsulate all three sectors: the industry, the people, and the government. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop and implement the green technologies into the existing facilities, especially in the developing countries. In this study, the role of green supply chains in eco-industrial parks (EIPs) towards a green economy was investigated. The strategies and effective evaluation procedures of the green economy were proposed by assessing the barriers from the perspective of institution, regulation, technology, and finance. In addition, three case studies from iron and steel-making, paper mill and pulping, and petrochemical industries were presented and illustrated for building the green supply chains. For example, in the case of Lin-Hai Industrial Park, a total of 15 efficient green supply chains using waste-to-resources technologies were established by 2012, resulting in an economic benefit of USD 100 million per year. It suggests that the green supply chains should be established to achieve both economic growth and environmental protection. With these successful experiences, building a green supply chain within industrial park should be extensively promoted to make traditional industries around the world being environmentally bearable, economic viable, and social equitable.

  10. Sustainable supply chains in the world of industry 4.0

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pietro, Erika Di; Herbert-Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee

    , economical and environmental level. The sustainable aspect in Industry 4.0 is highly correlated with digitization at a process, product and organizational level (Reichel, 2017). This paper presents a framework for the implementation of Industry 4.0 technologies in new and current bussiness processes while......Purpose: Industry 4.0 introduces a series of changes for the supply chain, in particular in terms of technology, structure, connectivity and communication. This presents companies with new opportunities but also new challenges. These emerging trends are affecting the supply chain at a social...

  11. An Isothermal Steam Expander for an Industrial Steam Supplying System

    OpenAIRE

    Chen-Kuang Lin; Guang-Jer Lai; Yoshiyuki Kobayashi; Masahiro Matsuo; Min-Chie Chiu

    2015-01-01

    Steam is an essential medium used in the industrial process. To ensure steam quality, small and middle scale boilers are often adopted. However, because a higher steam pressure (compared to the necessary steam pressure) is generated, the boiler’s steam pressure will be reduced via a pressure regulator before the steam is directed through the process. Unfortunately, pressure is somewhat wasted during the reducing process. Therefore, in order to promote energy efficiency, a pressure regulator i...

  12. The Supply of Young Craftsmen to an Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-12

    34Recruiting and Retaining Participants in a Manpower Program." Industrial and Labor Relations Review 26 (January 1973): 842-50. TAUSSIG , MICHAEL K. "An...occupation. iSee Michael J. Boskin, "A Conditional Logit Model of Occupational Choice," Journal of Political Economy 82 (March- April 1974): 389-98...OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE Books See general references, esp. Becker and Cottell. Articles BOSKIN, MICHAEL J. "A Conditional Logit Model of Occupational Choice

  13. SUPPLY CHAIN FEATURES OF THE AEROSPACE INDUSTRY PARTICULAR CASE AIRBUS AND BOEING

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela MOCENCO

    2015-01-01

    Aerospace sector is one of the most globalized industries in terms of market structure and production system. Through aircraft development programs aviation industry has introduced new solutions to develop its products. The role of the partners involved in the development programs for the new generation aircraft is becoming increasingly important. Supply chain management has become a key factor for major manufacturers in the industry. The new strategies introduced by the aircraft manufacturer...

  14. A key performance measures for evaluating cold supply chain performance in farm industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shashi Shashi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study was to develop a set of measures, evaluate their importance and effect in cold supply chain performance. This investigation reviewed previous research works on all the stages of the farm product supply chain. Based on farm product supply chain, 4 measures with 31 metrics were identified and developed to measure the cold supply chain performance. A survey was organized to establish the importance and the effect of identified measures. The 5 point Likert scale questionnaire was distributed among SC academics and practitioners. The observed finding infers that the measurement instrument was substantiating for evaluating cold supply chain performance in farm industry. The new developed metrics will help firms improve the visibility of supply among partners and in better decision making. The investigation was enfolded up through the plan of direction intended for future study.

  15. Analyzing and simulating supply chain disruptions to the automobile industry based on experiences of the Great East Japan Earthquake

    OpenAIRE

    Ono, Kenji; Akakura, Yasuhiro; Kanda, Masami; Ishihara, Masatoyo

    2015-01-01

    The Great East Japan Earthquake revealed serious weaknesses in the supply chain management (SCM) employed by Japanese industries, and particularly by the automobile industry. Observed supply chain disruptions and production line shutdowns are recognized as symbolic of weaknesses in industrial SCM. The Japanese automobile industry in particular is now keen to improve supply chain resiliency in terms of automobile assembly line continuity. In view of this, we i) review observed negative impacts...

  16. Sustainability strategies in industrial supply networks: an innovation approach concerning environmental and social aspects in the clothing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bommel, van Henricus Wilhelmus Maria

    2016-01-01

    Many different theories are found to explain how industrial companies implement sustainability strategies in their supply networks. However, the question why companies in a similar position choose different strategies remains under discussed. It is this question the research of this study seeks to a

  17. SUPPLY CHAIN FEATURES OF THE AEROSPACE INDUSTRY PARTICULAR CASE AIRBUS AND BOEING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela MOCENCO

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Aerospace sector is one of the most globalized industries in terms of market structure and production system. Through aircraft development programs aviation industry has introduced new solutions to develop its products. The role of the partners involved in the development programs for the new generation aircraft is becoming increasingly important. Supply chain management has become a key factor for major manufacturers in the industry. The new strategies introduced by the aircraft manufacturers have increased the complexity of the supply process, design and production from the aviation industry. This paper highlights a series of factors regarding the aircraft programs supply chain management. In the first part are described the problems encountered by the manufacturers and airlines during the development of the most recent aircraft launched A350XWB and B787 Dreamliner; the second part focuses on the organizational structure of the supply chain, suppliers role within supply chain and also there are described the effects of the new strategies adopted by Airbus and Boeing in the aircraft development; the last part focuses on the risks and challenges that aviation industry is facing.

  18. Regulatory and Other Trends Relevant to Acquisition and Planning for the Future Defense Industrial Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Acquisition and Planning for the Future Defense Industrial Base 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT...expanding  SB 484 and 1379 -- CA, 2005 and 2006, disclosure of chemicals in cosmetics and US’s first bio-monitoring program cataloguing human exposure to...Biomonitoring shows bioaccumulation of chemicals in humans and animal kingdom  New understanding of intergenerational effects  Public/worker

  19. BASICS OF INTEGRAL APPROACH TO IMPROVEMENT OF INNOVATION SYSTEM IN DEFENSE INDUSTRY COMPLEX OF RUSSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Анатолий Андреевич Чудин

    2014-01-01

    The author develops integral approach to improvement of innovation system as exemplified by defense industry complex (DIC) of Russia. Integral approach includes the elements of 3 approaches: system, synergetic and geotrion. This approach contains conceptual, modeling-projecting and realizing parts and the principles, mechanisms and technologies aimed for improvement of management of innovation system in Russia. DIC of Russia is an earth object – it is complex of complexes which is supposed to...

  20. Pricing Strategy, Pricing Stability and Financial Condition in the Defense Aerospace Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Johnstone, Jeffrey Carl; Keavney, Patrick Daniel

    1987-01-01

    Approved for public release, distribution unlimited The purpose of this research is to determine if pricing strategy and pricing stability for products in the defense aerospace industry can be predicted based on a firm's financial condition. The sample for this research includes 17 contractors and 52 missile and aircraft programs. Two separate issues are addressed. The first issue concerns the relationship between financial condition and contractor pricing strategy. The second concerns the...

  1. Defense, basic, and industrial research at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Longshore, A.; Salgado, K. [comps.

    1995-10-01

    The Workshop on Defense, Basic, and Industrial Research at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center gathered scientists from Department of Energy national laboratories, other federal institutions, universities, and industry to discuss the use of neutrons in science-based stockpile stewardship, The workshop began with presentations by government officials, senior representatives from the three weapons laboratories, and scientific opinion leaders. Workshop participants then met in breakout sessions on the following topics: materials science and engineering; polymers, complex fluids, and biomaterials; fundamental neutron physics; applied nuclear physics; condensed matter physics and chemistry; and nuclear weapons research. They concluded that neutrons can play an essential role in science-based stockpile stewardship and that there is overlap and synergy between defense and other uses of neutrons in basic, applied, and industrial research from which defense and civilian research can benefit. This proceedings is a collection of talks and papers from the plenary, technical, and breakout session presentations. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  2. Information technology and supply chain management: a study of the food industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, C A

    2000-08-01

    This paper's topic is the use of information technology (IT) for the development of supply chain management (SCM). In today's business environment, both in academics and industry, the term SCM has become a popular paradigm. In particular, the use of IT to facilitate the development of supply chain partners is gaining interest within industry. This paper develops the topic of SCM and further develops the relationship between the use of IT, in the form of electronic data interchange, and the development of supply chain integration. The goal of using SCM along with IT is to develop a supply chain that is capable of responding more quickly and efficiently in the meeting of consumer's requirements.

  3. Supply chain in brazilian automobile industry: production organization, performance and innovations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Sacomano Neto

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This Paper presents the main results of a recent research on Supply Chain Management within the Brazilian Automotive Industry. The research aimed to study how the different forms of configuration of the Automaker’s Supply Chain influence the organization forms of production, the performance measures and the innovations in the Supply Chain Management. The research involves an automaker, two first tier suppliers and two second tier suppliers and it has been conducted through interviews with executives of those companies involved with the logistics, purchases and production areas. The study shows mainly that the recent structural changes within the Brazilian Automotive Industry have implicated directly in the coordination forms and innovations in the Supply Chain Management.

  4. Supply chain performance measurement in the manufacturing industry:a single case study research to develop a supply chain performance measurement framework

    OpenAIRE

    Sillanpää, I.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Supply chain performance measurement – the process of qualifying the efficiency and effectiveness of the supply chain. The aim of this study is to create a supply chain measurement framework for manufacturing industry, define what data should be measured and verify the measurement framework in the case company's supply chain. The research approach is hermeneutic and the research was a qualitative, constructive single case study research. The case company operates in the steel indu...

  5. Synchronizing new product development projects and supply chain retrofitting for financial sustainability in the pharmaceutical industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lainez Aguirre, José Miguel; Puigjaner Corbella, Lluís; Reklaitis, Gintaras V.

    2009-01-01

    In today's highly competitive marketplace, supply chain and product development activities should be coordinated and synchronized so that market demand, product release and capacity requirements are matched in a financially sustainable fashion. In this work an integrated model is developed which incorporates simultaneous treatment of supply chain design-planning and R&D decisions in the pharmaceutical industry. Moreover, the aforementioned cross-functional model embeds a capita...

  6. Finite Element Modeling of Dynamic Properties of Power Supply for an Industrial Application

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis, the dynamic properties of the mechanic structure of Power Supply for an Industrial Application, an Alstom company product, are considered. A finite element model of the Power Supply mechanic structure have been generated with the aid of the MSC Marc software. Based on the FE model; modal analysis have been carried out and the eigenfrequencies and eigenmodes for the FE model have been calculated in a suitable frequency range. Relevant frequency response functions for the FE mod...

  7. Selected aspects of the supply chain management in the aerospace industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan KOBLEN; Lucia NIŽNÍKOVÁ

    2013-01-01

    The paper in the introductory part underlines some factors concerning the aerospace supply chain management (SCM) issue. Authors inform on selected definitions in this topic, levels of supply chain and its maturity. The authors are focusing on introducing of the explanation of main specifics of SCM in aerospace industry (original equipment manufacturer, processes and requirements for the suppliers selection) and subsequently inform on the role and mission of selected international organizatio...

  8. Selected aspects of the supply chain management in the aerospace industry

    OpenAIRE

    Koblen, Ivan; Lucia NIŽNÍKOVÁ

    2013-01-01

    The paper in the introductory part underlines some factors concerning the aerospace supply chain management (SCM) issue. Authors inform on selected definitions in this topic, levels of supply chain and its maturity. The authors are focusing on introducing of the explanation of main specifics of SCM in aerospace industry (original equipment manufacturer, processes and requirements for the suppliers selection) and subsequently inform on the role and mission of selected international organizatio...

  9. Product Variety, Supply Chain Structure, and Firm Performance: Analysis of the U.S. Bicycle Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor Randall; Karl Ulrich

    2001-01-01

    Using data from the U.S. bicycle industry, we examine the relation among product variety, supply chain structure, and firm performance. Variety imposes two types of costs on a supply chain: production costs and market mediation costs. Production costs include, among other costs, the incremental fixed investments associated with providing additional product variants. Market mediation costs arise because of uncertainty in product demand created by variety. In the presence of demand uncertainty,...

  10. Synchronizing new product development projects and supply chain retrofitting for financial sustainability in the pharmaceutical industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lainez Aguirre, José Miguel; Puigjaner Corbella, Lluís; Reklaitis, Gintaras V

    2009-01-01

    In today's highly competitive marketplace, supply chain and product development activities should be coordinated and synchronized so that market demand, product release and capacity requirements are matched in a financially sustainable fashion. In this work an integrated model is developed which incorporates simultaneous treatment of supply chain design-planning and R&D decisions in the pharmaceutical industry. Moreover, the aforementioned cross-functional model embeds a capita...

  11. Supply chain management : hotel industry implications : a case study of Radisson Blu Marina Palace Hotel Turku

    OpenAIRE

    Itkonen, Gategaeo

    2014-01-01

    Supply chain management (SCM) scale is enormous yet very basic to any type of business structure. When it comes to a hotel industry, the nature of the industry and its complexity are challenging the way SCM would imply. The reason is that hotel industry offers services, which are considered intangible. This means SCM principles have more to be mentioned and found out in terms of its implication into the actual industry. The research emphasizes on how SCM would be implemented in a hotel i...

  12. TO THE SUBJECT OF DEVELOPMENT OF POWER SUPPLY PROCESS FOR INDUSTRIAL HEAT TECHNOLOGIES AND HEAT SUPPLY SYSTEMS IN BELARUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. M. Khrоustalev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Considers the current key energy problem – the rational and efficient use of energy resources, and the possibility of its solution, based on the concept of intensive energy conservation. As a result, the way of primary energy consumption reduction in Belarus is provided. The initial situation in the frame of program of further improvement of energy consumption until 2030 is estimated. It is shown, that for Belarus the first place in energy saving measures takes the efficiency improvement of natural gas consumption, what allows reducing the investment and saving energy resources.The possibility of usage of waste energy flows of medium-and low-temperature from industrial and municipal enterprises are discussed. To realize the described possibilities, some changes of heat supply system of enterprises and plants are required. Changes in heat supply system of the industrial enterprises, related with usage of low-temperature waste energy flows in a thermal energy generation process for heating, require the installation of additional equipment in existing heat energy supply system, such as absorption heat pumps, which are easily joint and successfully work at boiler Houses as well as at CHP. The numerous examples of fuel consumption reduction via heat industrial waste and sewage usage are shown in this article. It must be emphasized, that such an expansion of energy-saving framework not only reduce the primary energy consumption by heat generating sources, but also significantly improves the conditions of the Belarusian electrical grid operation under the conditions of nuclear power plant commissioning. The existing technical framework, that ensured the proposed changes, is also taking into account.

  13. Comprehensive Study on Wastages of Supply Chain Information Sharing in Automotive Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sendhil Kumar, R.; Pugazhendhi, S.; Muralidharan, C.; Murali, S.

    2017-03-01

    A supply chain is a very extensive concept, which encompasses many problems and features when it comes to controlling. Now a day’s lean concept is a very common method to several areas, such as service sectors and manufacturing. Applying the lean concept to supply chain management is a very popular study part, it has attracted many industrial practices and researchers with different applications. Information sharing and technology remain one of the key factors of integrating the supply chain members. Current scenario the competition is no longer between the competing companies, but it happens between the supply chains. So the efficiency of the supply chain is very important. And the effective sharing of information can enhance the supply chain efficiency through minimizing the inventories and Information sharing can increase supply chain efficiency by reducing inventories and stabilizing the production. This paper describes and discusses about the seven deadly wastes of supply chain information with the comparative principle of Toyota production system (TPS) principle approach. How the TPS can be applied to supply chain information sharing And lean tool of 5S concept possibility improve the information sharing.

  14. PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PROJECTS IN THE DEFENSE-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF THE COUNTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulia Fagimovna Galiullina

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the conditions of attracting the potential private business investments to a defense industry to enhance the country's defense and national security on the basis of the following argument: "business wins if the state wins". It is suggested to supplement the existing forms of cooperation between the state and business such as a government contact and privatization in the defense industry by the mechanism of a Public-Private Partnership (PPP, which is based on cooperation and risks sharing between the state and business. Implementation of PPP projects in Russia is slowed by the lack of basic federal law in PPPs field (adopted by the State Duma of Russian Federation Federal Assembly in the first reading and the corresponding legal act of the PPP in the defense industry (a federal law project is being considered . Their adoption and incorporation in the country's legislation will ensure legal and regulatory framework for PPPs in the defense industry. In addition to imperfect legislation there are a number of economic, administrative, legal and political constraints. Solving these problems will allow to either effectively develop priority areas of the defense industry , or  support defense enterprises in the restructuring of their economic activity within the PPP projects realization.Objective: to substantiate the need for a public-private partnership mechanism.Subject of study: relevance and conditions for the implementation of PPP projects in the defense industry of Russia.Result: On the basis of the legal framework, the current situation analysis in the defense industry the role of public-private partnerships is justified and the current restrictions of PPP projects implementation in this area in terms of economics, management, law and policy are systematized.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2014-3-4

  15. The relationships between postponement strategies and manufacturing performance in supply chains. An industrial perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The postponement strategy is one of the most popular concepts, widely implemented in contemporary supply chains. Generally, the postponement strategy means delaying supply chain activities purposefully, until the customers' order is received. There is a diverse degree of a delay which is mostly determined by appropriate locations of material decoupling points in a flow of products among parties in a supply chain. Although the in-depth empirical studies have been conducted on postponement strategy, there is still a dearth of research concerning effects of different types of postponement on supply chain performance. The paper investigates the relationships between postponement strategies and different measures of manufacturing performance in supply chains operating in several industries worldwide. In order to realize an empirical goal of the research the statistical analyses have been carried out. The conclusions of the study and directions of future research have been formulated on the basis of the obtained results.

  16. Supply chain management in Forest products industry-case study for S?dra Cell Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO; PAN

    2016-01-01

    The supply chain plays an increasing significant role in current global business operation process.It is not just considered as a crucial factor for leading the company to achieve their strategic goals,but also assisting firm’s to enhance the competitiveness in its own industry.This report choses the Swedish forest company-S?dra Cell as a case company to analysis its supply chain management advantages and disadvantages. It also states the role of supply chain management theory in assisting organization to achieve its strategic goal and marketing strategies.

  17. Supply Chain and Blade Manufacturing Considerations in the Global Wind Industry (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, T.; Goodrich, A.

    2013-12-01

    This briefing provides an overview of supply chain developments in the global wind industry and a detailed assessment of blade manufacturing considerations for U.S. end-markets. The report discusses the international trade flows of wind power equipment, blade manufacturing and logistical costs, and qualitative issues that often influence factory location decisions. To help guide policy and research and development strategy decisions, this report offers a comprehensive perspective of both quantitative and qualitative factors that affect selected supply chain developments in the growing wind power industry.

  18. [State of supply services for industrial hygiene and safety in Colombia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varona, Marcela E; Torres, Carlos Humberto; Díaz, Sonia M; Palma, Ruth Marién; Checa, Diana Milena; Conde, Juan Vicente

    2012-01-01

    Institutions that supply occupational health services must offer services that are reliable and of high quality across the spectrum of industrial hygiene and safety needs. Services for occupational health were identified at several institutions, and the technical quality and reliability of these services were compared in different regions of Colombia. This descriptive study identified the services available for industrial hygiene and safety in 15 cities of Colombia. A survey was conducted in 192 institutions offering such services and a statistical analysis of these results was undertaken. This sample was taken from a nationwide list of institutions purportedly licensed for this activity. Thirty-two percent (61) of the evaluated institutions provided hygiene services, and 48% (93) provided safety services. The range of health services was provided on a subcontract basis both for professional personnel and the equipment. Six institutions in the area of industrial hygiene and 1 in the area of industrial security were supplying services with pending or suspended institutional licenses. Deficiencies in the quality, infrastructure and levels of automation were identified at institutions that supply services of hygiene and industrial security. The resulting recommendatios are that the Ministry of the Social Protection fortifies mechanisms for (1) the evaluation and control of the supplied services, and (2) verify that the institutional activity is in accordance with current and valid licensing.

  19. A Relationship on the Rocks: Industry-Government Partnership for Cyber Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larry Clinton

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cyber security is a complex issue that requires a smart, balanced approach to public-private partnership. However, there is not a simple gold standard or mandatory minimum standard of cyber security, which can cause friction in the relationship between government and private industry. There are fundamental differences in these two unevenly yoked partners: government's fundamental role under the U.S. Constitution is to provide for the common defense; industry's role, backed by nearly a hundred years of case law, is to maximize shareholder value. Further differences are that government partners and industry players often assess risk differently, based on their differing missions and objectives. To be successful, both government and industry need to remain committed to the relationship and continue working on it by understanding the complexity of the situation, adapting where appropriate to their partner's perspective. For the public-private partnership to endure and grow, an appreciation of these differing perspectives—born from different legally mandated responsibilities—must be reached. Ultimately, the government should compensate private entities for making investments that align with the government's perspective, such as the social contract, rather than mandating that the shareholders subsidize the government function of providing for the common defense.

  20. Revenue sharing in semiconductor industry supply chain: Cooperative game theoretic approach

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Bikram K Bahinipati; Arun Kanda; S G Deshmukh

    2009-06-01

    This paper defines cooperation as the process of coordinating the objectives and activities of supply chain (SC) members. It also focuses on cooperation as a solution for hybrid coordination mechanism to form the basis for semiconductor industry supply chain management. In the complex and competitive environment of semiconductor industry supply chain, independent system members are facing the difficult task of providing/sharing incentives resulting from e-market activities in a fair and equitable manner. So, various other activities are necessary for the e-market to make revenue sharing operations more stable and reliable. In this context, the importance of coalition in enhancing the e-market capability, for revenue generation and sharing, is used to develop a possible mechanism for financial compensation to the supply chain members. Interpreting the supply chain as cooperation, the concepts of the Shapely value are used in this paper for analysing the revenue sharing problem. The motivation behind such a scheme is to align the supply chain members’ cost structure with the bidding value during auction and bargaining for e-procurement. The appropriateness of the Shapely value is verified to ensure that a stable solution exists. The practical implication of this paper is how to make right decisions about revenue sharing. The principal contribution of this approach is for establishing a pooling coalition in order to provide a stable and cooperative solution.

  1. Improving supply chain management in construction: what can be learned from the aerospace industry?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, H.; Vrijhoef, R.; Greenwood, D.J.

    2003-01-01

    In order to provide for controllable delivery, reliable lead times and efficient customer response, lean manufacturing and platform assembly practices play an important role in supply chains in the aerospace industry. The adoption of lean manufacturing practices ensures an efficient delivery of prod

  2. Residue Management of Biodiesel Industry: A Study of Value Creation in the Supply Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella Maris Lima Altoé

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Residues, whether solid or liquid, are inherent to many industrial processes, and require specialized treatments. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the process of creating value in the supply chain, from the sustainable management of residues in the biodiesel industry. The methodological approach was a multiple case study, with the use of bibliographic data, documents and discourse analysis. Data were collected through interviews with managers of the companies analyzed. The findings suggest that residue management enables the creation of value in the supply chain of biodiesel. It is also noted that from this management, environmental preservation occurs, the incidence of fines is reduced or even eliminated, and there are still economic cooperation between the companies that have different activities but are a part of the supply chain of biodiesel

  3. Supply Network Planning for New Product Market Entry in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Klaus Reinholdt Nyhuus; Grunow, Martin

    2011-01-01

    uncertainty and the risk of a forced label change and includes solution robustness. While considering limited shelf life of the drug, the supply of packaging material and outsourcing, the objective of our model is to reduce supply chain cost including lost peak sales from delayed market entry.......It is well known, that the pharmaceutical industry is struggling with increasing cost and length of R&D projects. Earnings of a drug drop drastically after patent expiration. Thus, the industry spends much effort on reducing Time-to-Market. In the literature, no attention is given to supply chain...... planning before and during the market entry of the drug after the drug has been approved. Production of the active pharmaceutical ingredient [API] is characterized by long change-over times due to cleaning requirements. Production planning is long term, multiple batches of each drug are produced...

  4. Supply risk management functions of sourcing intermediaries – an investigation of the clothing industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedel, Mette; Ellegaard, Chris

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to uncover how buying companies use sourcing intermediaries to manage supply risks in global sourcing. Design/methodology/approach: We carry out an explorative qualitative study of the clothing industry, interviewing key respondents that occupy different...... positions in the supply chain, including sourcing intermediaries, retailers, and brand marketers. Findings: Sourcing intermediaries carry out a broad range of supply risk management functions, including design availability and support, and the operation of high risk markets. We identify different sourcing...... by identifying the supply risk management functions that sourcing intermediaries carry out for buying companies. We also contribute by uncovering different types of sourcing intermediaries, determined by the collection of functions handled....

  5. Problems and Countermeasures in the Supply Chain Management of Flower Industry in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis the elementary theory of supply chain management,the features and problems in the supply-chain management of flowers in Yunnan Province are analyzed.The problems include poor image of flowers caused by low-end package,imperfect supply-chain structure,and weak processing section after harvesting flowers,hard to launch the cold chain transportation and inadequate awareness of enterprises on consumers.The countermeasures are put forward,which include perfecting various kinds of supply chain structure;intensifying the information system management of flowers in Yunnan Province;developing the cold chain logistics and cultivating and supporting the third-party logistics of flower industry in Yunnan Province.

  6. Applying the Heuristic to the Risk Assessment within the Automotive Industry Supply Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marasova, Daniela; Andrejiova, Miriam; Grincova, Anna

    2017-03-01

    Risk management facilitates risk identification, evaluation, control, and by means of appropriate set of measures, risk reduction or complete elimination. Therefore, the risk management becomes a strategic factor for a company's success. Properly implemented risk management system does not represent a tool to avoid the risk; it is used to understand the risk and provide the bases for strategic decision-making. Risk management represents a key factor for the supply chain operations. Managing the risks is crucial for achieving the customer satisfaction and thus also a company's success. The subject-matter of the article is the assessment of the supply chain in the automobile industry, in terms of risks. The topicality of this problem is even higher, as after the economic crisis it is necessary to revaluate the readiness of the supply chain for prospective risk conditions. One advantage of this article is the use of the Saaty method as a tool for the risk management within the supply chain.

  7. Effect of money supply on the Dow Jones Industrial Average stock index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Širůček

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This focus of this paper are the effects and implications of a change in the money supply for share price indices in the USA during 1959–2011. The money supply will be measured by the M2 and MZM aggregates (money with zero maturity. The US stock market is represented by the Dow Jones Industrial Average index. The objective of this paper is to find, describe and evaluate the effects of changes to the money supply (M2 and MZM on the US stock market. A partial objective of this paper is to determine whether a change in the monetary aggregate shows in the stock index immediately or with a delay of several weeks. Another aim is to determine whether asset prices influence the money supply.

  8. Supply Chain Performance Evaluation Using Data Envelopment Analysis (A case study of tile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Hossein Rezaei

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The competition increscent urgency in the global economy causes many organizations focus more on novel management ideas in constructing, delivery services and their productions. In current conditions, supply chain and the importance of a suitable performance evaluating system in order to understand the current condition and program for its improvement, has a very special importance in creating surplus value for clients. In this research, the performance of 7 active supply chains in tile industry which have similar supply chain construction, including providers, producers, distributors and clients, by evaluating producers who perform a key role in chains and by using data envelopment analysis method are considered. According to effectiveness of inputs on outputs of organizations, outputs are considered as functions of inputs and finally the relative performance amounts of decision making units, the key companies of chain supply are computed.

  9. Analysing green supply chain management practices in Brazil's electrical/electronics industry using interpretive structural modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Kannan, Devika; Mathiyazhagan, K.

    2013-01-01

    Industries need to adopt the environmental management concepts in the traditional supply chain management. The green supply chain management (GSCM) is an established concept to ensure environment-friendly activities in industry. This paper identifies the relationship of driving and dependence...... that exists between GSCM practices with regard to their adoption within Brazilian electrical/electronic industry with the help of interpretive structural modelling (ISM). From the results, we infer that cooperation with customers for eco-design practice is driving other practices, and this practice acts...... as a vital role among other practices. Commitment to GSCM from senior managers and cooperation with customers for cleaner production occupy the highest level. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis....

  10. Effectiveness and efficiency assessment of industrial enterprises` marketing in the supply chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.I. Chukhray

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. Marketing role in the process of creation of industrial enterprise value is analyzed in the article. The purpose of it is to define basic directions, criteria and indexes of evaluation of industrial enterprises` marketing in the supply chain. Methodical positions are worked out. They are structured in accordance with the criteria of evaluation of industrial enterprises` marketing in the supply chain. The categories of efficiency and effectiveness are considered.The results of the analysis. Peculiarities of purpose marketing decisions` orientation on the strategic level of management are found. Conception of three fundamental aspects of modern business combination was investigated as part of a strategic approach. A concept client is exposed in the triune measuring. Two types of cost chain (traditional and modern are considered. Tasks that determine the effective functioning of enterprise in the supply chain are distinguished. The criteria of industrial enterprises` marketing evaluation are grouped. The system of indexes of effectiveness and efficiency evaluation of industrial enterprises` marketing in the process of delivery is worked out. Authors divide these indexes from position of marketing: value for a final consumer, value for partners in supplying and value for an enterprise. This approach fundamentally differs from earlier well-known ones.The use of these methodical positions will give an opportunity to estimate effectiveness and efficiency of marketing activity of industrial enterprise taking into account the multi-vectors of interests of target groups: consumers, partners and stockholders of enterprise.Conclusions and directions of further researches. The methodological approaches described in this article concerning the evaluation of marketing charges can be the base of analysis of charges according to their origin and functional measurement. It will allow making complex estimation of the marketing programs of

  11. Contemporary Chinese Defense Industry Reforms and Civil–Military Integration in Three Key Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Francis, Ed; PUSKA, Susan M.

    2010-01-01

    This brief highlights key points on three Chinese government and military organizations involved in managing defense science, technology, and industry: 1) the State Council’s State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND); 2) the General Armament Department (GAD) of the People’s Liberation Army; and 3) the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology’s Civil–Military Integration Promotion Department (CMIPD). This brief calls attention to im...

  12. Modelling and Risk Management in the Offshore and Marine Industry Supply Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carman Lee

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Supply chain risk management is primarily a process that involves the identification, assessment and mitigation of risks that arise in a particular supply chain system. Pertaining to that, the offshore and marine industry is one of the many industries that have seldom received much consideration when it comes to management of the supply chain system. The rig building facet of the offshore and marine industry was thus chosen as the main focus of the project to manage the risks that arise in a particular oil rig building project. A risk mitigation plan framework was proposed to act as a guideline to identify as much risk as possible, eliminate trivial ones, and subsequently, prioritizing the remaining ones. The final step involves the formulation of a mathematical model based on the selected risk. In this case, the risk of raw material price fluctuation is studied. The demonstration of the Monte Carlo simulation using the Risk Solver program was also done to quantify the risks. Two case scenarios were then developed along with the implementation of risk management techniques in order to observe the effectiveness of the risk management of the overall rig building supply chain.

  13. Factors Affecting Green Supply Chain Operational Performance of the Thai Auto Parts Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korrakot Yaibuathet Tippayawong

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In this work, operational performance in the green supply chain management (SCM of the Thai auto parts industry was investigated. A green supply chain performance measurement (GSPM model was developed from the combination of various concepts including an SCM logistics scorecard, a supply chain operations reference model, a balance scorecard, and green supply chain management. The GSPM has been designed for use as a self-evaluation tool focusing on five decisive areas, or factors, and 28 sub-factors. A factor analysis was conducted using the survey results of the GSPM in order to identify significant factors that represent the green supply chain operation performance. Grouped as three major factors, namely green procurement, green transportation, and green manufacturing; reverse logistics and eco-design; and reuse and recycle of manufacturing, their significance and impact on the auto parts industry in Thailand were highlighted. Specifically, the factor of green procurement, green transportation, and green manufacturing, as major factor 1, in relation with the factor of reverse logistics and eco-design, as major factor 2, were found to have a strong positive relationship with the asset turnover ratio.

  14. A TOE Approach to Establish a Green Supply Chain Adoption Decision Model in the Semiconductor Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bang-Ning Hwang

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The green supply chain is an innovation that extends traditional sustainability initiatives to environmental activities in the supply chain and aims to minimize a product’s environmental impact throughout its life cycle. The adoption of a green supply chain involves a complex decision-making process characterized by multiple criteria. The goal of the current study is to construct a decision framework by identifying a comprehensive set of consideration factors and their causal relationships. The consideration factors are deliberately drawn from a variety of different, yet related, theories and are grouped into an extensive Technology-Organization -Environment (TOE framework. In accordance with the Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL method, the decision framework was analyzed for appropriateness through surveys of selected experts in the semiconductor industry. Because the semiconductor industry has a long history of heavy resource usage and has proven an early advocate of green supply chains, results from this study can provide insights to other firms with similar operations and aims. The contributions of this research are twofold. First, its theoretical contribution consists of integrating previously separate strands of different theories into a holistic framework and exploring the causal relationships among decision factors. Second, its practical contribution lies in its establishment of a strategic path that provides firms a set of priorities when adopting green supply chains.

  15. Empirical Analysis of Green Supply Chain Management Practices in Indian Automobile Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luthra, S.; Garg, D.; Haleem, A.

    2014-04-01

    Environmental sustainability and green environmental issues have an increasing popularity among researchers and supply chain practitioners. An attempt has been made to identify and empirically analyze green supply chain management (GSCM) practices in Indian automobile industry. Six main GSCM practices (having 37 sub practices) and four expected performance outcomes (having 16 performances) have been identified by implementing GSCM practices from literature review. Questionnaire based survey has been made to validate these practices and performance outcomes. 123 complete questionnaires were collected from Indian automobile organizations and used for empirical analysis of GSCM practices in Indian automobile industry. Descriptive statistics have been used to know current implementation status of GSCM practices in Indian automobile industry and multiple regression analysis has been carried out to know the impact on expected organizational performance outcomes by current GSCM practices adopted by Indian automobile industry. The results of study suggested that environmental, economic, social and operational performances improve with the implementation of GSCM practices. This paper may play an important role to understand various GSCM implementation issues and help practicing managers to improve their performances in the supply chain.

  16. Revenue Sharing in Dairy Industry Supply Chain-A Case Study of Hohhot, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Gui-xia; ZHANG Yi-pin; WU Jian-guo; PAN Yue-hong

    2013-01-01

    Dairy industry has become an increasingly important enterprise in China as people’s dietary preferences and composition have changed dramatically with rapid economic development in the past several decades. A number of problems, however, exist in China’s relatively young dairy industry, including the imbalanced allocation of proifts throughout the dairy supply chain. One of the root causes of the melamine infant powered milk scandal in 2008 was the unfair proift allocation mechanism in dairy supply chain. The revenue sharing contract approach has proven to be effective in generating market shares and total proifts. In this study, we apply the three-stage revenue sharing contract model of Giannoccaro and Pontrandolfo (2004) in an analysis of dairy supply chain to explore its problems in proift allocation and possible solutions to them. The analysis was conducted by a case study of Hohhot, often called as “milk capital of China”. Our results show that the current proift distribution in the dairy supply chain is not balanced: the supermarket’s proift>farmer’s proift>manufacturer’s proift. Under the revenue sharing contract setting, the dairy industry’s total profit increased by 12.49%. By exploring different parameters in the revenue sharing contract model, we have found that a win-win situation can be created among all the members of the supply chain. In dairy supply chain, the ratio of the revenue reserved for the supermarket itself is equal or greater than 47% and the ratio of the revenue reserved for the manufacturer itself is between 46.4 and 50.2%. The values of the parameters that generate a sustainable or win-win situation are related to the bargaining position in the dairy supply chain. The revenue sharing contract has proven to be effective and desirable by all the dairy chain partners in dairy supply chain. The results of this study provide relevant information for improving the dairy supply chain structure and the revenue sharing contract

  17. A REPRISE OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN CONSANGUINITY TO THE INDUSTRY OF TEXTILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amer RAJPUT

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates supply chain management (SCM literature to categorize it as well as this study particularly explores studies of SCM for textile industry. An analysis is provided for SCM in connection to textile industry. Science Direct, ABI/INFORM Global, EBSCO Host, and Emerald scholarly databases are inspected for SCM studies. It is found that there is lack of agreement for a sole definition of SCM; moreover, textile industry is being neglected for investigation of SCM. However, categories of SCM are described in a descending order from most studied categories to least studied categories. There is a void of a sole definition for SCM; therefore, a comprehensive definition of SCM is suggested from pertinent literature. Moreover, research gaps are identified for future research of SCM particularly for textile industry.

  18. Assessment, Development and Implementation of Training Materials for Food Defense/Safety, Biosecurity, and Traceability within the Catfish Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Hood, Anna F.; Williams, J. Byron; Crist, Courtney

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this research and subsequent training sessions was to assess food defense in the catfish industry, promote awareness and educate catfish farmers and processors on the principles of food defense, biosecurity and traceability of agricultural commodities and ingredients used in human food production. In the catfish processing chain, preliminary investigations have indicated that there are areas throughout production, processing and distribution that are susceptible to potential ...

  19. An Analysis of Second-Tier Arms Producing Countries’ Offset Policies: Technology Transfer and Defense Industrial Base Establishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    and those that rem of offsets to establish a defense industrial base in the recipient country defense offsets extensively since the 1970s (Perlo...the British/French Jaguar, the British/German/ Italian Tornado, and the French/German Alpha Jet emerged from Thus, the U.S. succeeded in achieving...Other indications of Brazil’s failure to establish self- production which were discussed in Chapter II include the Italian and components to equip their

  20. Selected aspects of the supply chain management in the aerospace industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan KOBLEN

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper in the introductory part underlines some factors concerning the aerospace supply chain management (SCM issue. Authors inform on selected definitions in this topic, levels of supply chain and its maturity. The authors are focusing on introducing of the explanation of main specifics of SCM in aerospace industry (original equipment manufacturer, processes and requirements for the suppliers selection and subsequently inform on the role and mission of selected international organizations involved in aerospace SCM and quality issues, namely The Aerospace and Defence Industries Association of Europe (ASD, International Aerospace Quality Group (IAQG and European Aerospace Quality Group (EAQG. The information on Quality Management System in the framework of aerospace industry and SCM are also introduced. The part of paper is dealing with information systems useful in the SCM (the Digital Product Chain and Enterprise Resource Planning. The last part of paper is focused on issue concerning the success factors for SCM in the aerospace industry. In the conclusion part the authors emphasize some aspects and factors regarding the aerospace SCM and summarize the key challenges in the area of SCM in the aerospace industry.

  1. Airlift Cargo Hub Port Hold Times: Controlling Variations in Defense Supply Chain Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    SUPPLY CHAIN DELIVERY GRADUATE RESEARCH PAPER Brandon A. Casey, Major, USAF AFIT/IMO/ENS/10-03 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIR UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED The views expressed in this graduate research project are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy of the United States Air Force, Department of

  2. Developing a Comprehensive Approach Could Help DOD Better Manage National Security Risks in the Supply Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    Manage National Security Risks in the Supply Chain Why GAO Did This Study DOD depends on... supply chain . In addition, we interviewed DOD and other agencies’ officials with knowledge of the defense industrial base and management of the...recommendations and acquisition policy guidance on supply chain management and supply chain vulnerability throughout the entire supply chain , from

  3. The Impact of Price Fluctuations in Supply Chain Uncertainty and Risk in Oil & Gas Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mikayilova, Khatira

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this research is to examine the challenges faced in oil and gas Supply Chain (SC) during the oil price fluctuations, provide recommendation on a way to reduce uncertainty in SC of oil and gas industry. Design/methodology/approach-The companies chosen for this research are called BP and two service companies: Schlumberger and Halliburton. In order to carry out this study, a qualitative research method was applied. Primary data was gathered through semi-s...

  4. Advancing the health care supply chain and promoting leadership through strategic partnerships with industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motiwala, Sanober S; McLaughlin, Joan E; King, John; Hodgson, Brent; Hamilton, Michael

    2008-01-01

    While supply chain partnerships are common in the private industry, they are unique in health care. This article looks at the novel partnership between St. Michael's Hospital and Baxter Canada. By sharing information and working together, these organizations evaluated and tackled service disruptions caused by backorders. Their formal collaboration has resulted in a streamlined backorder management process, and more importantly, better and timelier patient care.

  5. The South African coal mining industry: A need for a more efficient and collaborative supply chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pooe

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available It is estimated that about two-thirds of global coal is used for power generation and that, in the next 20 years, over 70% of the demand for coal will come from China and India. Coal accounts for approximately 41% of the world's electricity generation. Demand for thermal coal is influenced by factors that include availability, prices of competing products such as oil, gas and nuclear power, and the demand for electricity. The aim of this article is to provide an exposition of supply chain dynamics within the South African coal mining industry and to argue for a more efficient and collaborative supply chain. The authors attempt to investigate at local and global level, the current trends pertaining to the level of reserves, production and consumption of coal. The article further demonstrates the shortcomings of current logistics in meeting the demand for coal in both domestic and export markets. The article draws from secondary data sourced from academic papers, government and agency documents in the exposition of the coal mining supply chain. The paper concludes by recommending the need for a scientific study on supply chain constraints facing the coal mining industry in South Africa.

  6. Active Power Flow Optimization of Industrial Power Supply with Regard to the Transmission Line Conductor Heating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leyzgold D.Yu.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the problem of the transmission line conductor heating effect on the active power flows optimization in the local segment of industrial power supply. The purpose is to determine the optimal generation rating of the distributed power sources, in which the power flow values will correspond to the minimum active power losses in the power supply. The timeliness is the need to define the most appropriate rated power values of distributed sources which will be connected to current industrial power supply. Basing on the model of active power flow optimization, authors formulate the description of the nonlinear transportation problem considering the active power losses depending on the transmission line conductor heating. Authors proposed a new approach to the heating model parameters definition based on allowable current loads and nominal parameters of conductors as part of the optimization problem. Analysis of study results showed that, despite the relatively small active power losses reduction to the tune 0,45% due to accounting of the conductors heating effect for the present configuration of power supply, there are significant fluctuations in the required generation rating in nodes of the network to 9,32% within seasonal changes in the outer air temperature. This fact should be taken into account when selecting the optimum power of distributed generation systems, as exemplified by an arbitrary network configuration.

  7. Building the world's supply of quinine: Dutch colonialism and the origins of a global pharmaceutical industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goss, Andrew

    2014-03-01

    Quinine, a naturally occurring alkaloid from the Cinchona tree, was one of the first drugs produced and sold by a global pharmaceutical industry during the nineteenth century. Factories in Europe and North America dominated the manufacturing industry, and between 1890 and 1940, Cinchona plantations on Java supplied most of the bark for the quinine pharmaceutical business. At the end of the nineteenth century, the Dutch colonial state kept a hands-off approach to the Cinchona enterprises, in keeping with its liberal orientation. But the persistent low-price for bark, which led to the near ruin of the Cinchona planters, eventually pushed the colonial state to actively protect the Cinchona plantations. Colonial officials sought to stabilize the colonial Cinchona export-business by encouraging the integration of the quinine industry on a global scale. Most important was the colonial state's sponsorship in 1913 of the Quinine Agreement, establishing a set price for Cinchona bark, which created the world's first pharmaceutical cartel. In the interwar period, an alliance of Dutch government officials, planters, scientists, doctors and drug-makers, working in both the motherland and the colony, actively promoted the expansion of quinine consumption, as well as the merit of the Quinine Agreement, which they argued supplied guaranteed a steady supply of quinine, all for the wellbeing of global humanity.

  8. A framework for measuring the supply chain's agility of mass construction industry in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keyvan Poloie

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Impotent planning system in house providing process is the result of inadequate housing management system in theoretical, empirical, and operational fields. In addition, Mass Construction industry in Iran confronts with other problems such as instability in raw material prices, unsteadiness in production and investment laws and regulations, frailty of transportation infrastructure, international sanctions and etc. Furthermore, customers’ needs, lower costs, and greater customizations lead mass producing to search for new solutions and novel producing system. Agility is offered as a strategy to enable Mass Construction associations to be maintained in the competition of constantly changing market in Iran. In such a market, previous approaches lose their capabilities in supply chain. Thus to achieve agility by Mass Construction association is the chief aim of this study. This study is descriptive-analytic and can be identified as developmental –functional considering its target. After surveying previous research literature and using experts’ opinions, we investigated final agile sub criteria of supply chain and then we used interpretive- structural modeling approach to determine the relation among sub criteria and to offer an agile supply chain model. Surveying research literature and experts’ opinions lead us to identify 8 criteria (society, government, financial, information technology, market, partnership, quality and technology and also 22 sub criteria for supply chain’s agility. Then the results were analyzed through interpretive-structural approach and relation of criteria and sub criteria and their consequence were achieved. These relations showed that government and infrastructure investment, culture, regulations and responses to social and environmental issues are the basis of agility in mass housing productions’ supply chain. This model helps supply chain managers to have strategic planning to enhance agility in supply chain

  9. The Matching Relationship Between Supply Chain Strategy and Supply Chain System from the perspective of Communication Industry%从通信行业看供应链战略与供应链系统的匹配关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴忠胜; 陈质心

    2016-01-01

    Based on case analysis, this paper discusses the types of matching relationship between supply chain strategy and supply chain system and their effects on performance. The communication industry with intense competition is selected . Research results show that: presence of supply chain strategy choice test defensive and offensive adventure types are distinguished, the supply chain system existence distinguish between types of modularization and integration; between the conservative strategy and integrated system, adventure of strategy and modular system exists good matching relationship.%基于案例分析,探讨了供应链战略和供应链系统的匹配关系的类型及其对于绩效的影响。案例选取了竞争激烈的通信行业,研究结果表明:供应链战略的选择存在试探保守型与进攻冒险型的类型区分,供应链系统存在模块化与集成化的类型区分;保守型战略与集成化系统,冒险性战略与模块化系统之间存在较好的匹配关系。

  10. BASICS OF INTEGRAL APPROACH TO IMPROVEMENT OF INNOVATION SYSTEM IN DEFENSE INDUSTRY COMPLEX OF RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Анатолий Андреевич Чудин

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The author develops integral approach to improvement of innovation system as exemplified by defense industry complex (DIC of Russia. Integral approach includes the elements of 3 approaches: system, synergetic and geotrion. This approach contains conceptual, modeling-projecting and realizing parts and the principles, mechanisms and technologies aimed for improvement of management of innovation system in Russia. DIC of Russia is an earth object – it is complex of complexes which is supposed to be established not only with the use of technological structure which is mainly referred to industrial society. The elements of new technological structures must be added to integral approach: knowledge economy and harmonization of society. The second, synergetic approach, is predominantly referred to post-industrial society. The third, geotrion approach, which is only being formed, is mainly referred to the society of sustainable harmonic development. Such objects were called geotrions by Russian scientist N. D. Matrusov [5], they consist of people, economy and environment (nature, territory, external opposed and interacting systems. The method of geotrion management is called integral approach. Knowledge economy can not be realized in Russia without harmonization of the country.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2014-2-13

  11. Identifying and Mitigating the Impact of the Budget Control Act on High Risk Sectors and Tiers of the Defense Industrial Base: Assessment Approach to Industrial Base Risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    measured by the likelihood of losing critical capabilities and the consequences of that loss High Risk Industrial Base Sectors & Tiers Likelihood...Risk Sectors and Tiers of the Defense Industrial Base : Assessment Approach to Industrial Base Risks Lirio Avilés, Engineer, MIBP, OUSD(AT&L) Sally...Ñçê=fåÑçêãÉÇ=`Ü~åÖÉ= - 326 - Panel 10. Assessing Industrial Base Implications of a Constrained Fiscal Climate Wednesday, May 4, 2016 3:30 p.m. – 5

  12. The entry of logistics service provider (LSP into the wine industry supply chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulconis François

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to study the wine industry supply chain (WSC organization from a social network approach, with an emphasis on the role of logistics service providers (LSP could hold in the flow monitoring. We try to understand if LSP can be a substitute to traditional actors for intermediation management. This substitution phenomenon must take account of the wine industry culture that may constitute an obstruction or an accelerator for the development of this activity. We present a conceptual model of the WSC, and we discuss the possible future role of the LSP. This paper introduces a framework contributing to understand worldwide WSC organization, mapping tools and strategies to assess the reasons of their evolution. The cultural impact is underlined in this type of industry showing it could present a boundary to market access for LSP.

  13. Economic Importance, Environmental and Supply Risks on Imported Resources in Lithuanian Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milda Knašytė

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Secure raw material supply is one of the most important topics for industry. Growing economies such as China, India, Brazil and others increase the global demand and in the same time the competition for resources. In order to undertake appropriate actions the most important raw materials should be identified. The aim of this study was to identify the most important raw materials for Lithuanian economy in terms of economic importance, supply and environmental risks. The methodology used in the study relies on three sustainability dimensions accordingly expressed by three indicators: Economic Importance (Economic dimension; Supply Risk (Social dimension; Environmental Country Risk (Environmental dimension. The methodology used to define these indicators on imported resources for Lithuanian industry was adapted from report on critical raw materials for European Union (Report of the Ad-hoc Working Group on defining critical raw materials 2010 published by European Commission in June 2010. Critical raw materials are considered to be economically important and the subject to a higher risk of supply interruption. All materials investigated in this study were combined into five groups: chemicals, metals, building materials, paper, paperboard and wood, other materials. Only the imported raw materials were selected for further analysis. The significance of raw material import was considered as important according to the ratio of production and consumption of certain material. After the analysis of statistical information about raw materials import in Lithuania and the actual countries of origin of these resources twenty one raw material was selected for further investigation. According to the results of assessment the list of critical raw materials for Lithuania was indentified. Results of the investigation showed that top five materials in terms of economic importance, supply and environmental country risks for Lithuanian economy are: crude oil, natural

  14. Defense Industry of the Russian Federation at the End of 20th-Beginning of the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonovich Aleksandr Nikolaevich

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In the developed countries claiming for global leadership permanent military and industrial complexes were formed. These complexes produce high-tech products and play the key system-forming role in the economies of their states. Country’s position in world economy as well as its position at the weapons and military equipment market depends on the military and industrial complexes development. At the end of the 20th century, there had been great changes in the military and industrial complex of the Russian Federation. Drastic remission and demerger accompanied these changes unlike those in the Unites States and Western Europe. These processes were determined by inconsiderate defense conversion, reduction of expenses and the loss of weapons and military equipment production. At the beginning of the 21st century, Russian Federation government has changed its attitude towards the military and industrial complex. Main directions of surmounting the crisis were found through creation of military and industrial corporations, increase of state defense order in the favor of national Armed Forces. Development of state-owned corporations and significant increase in financial allocations for state defense order promoted the growth of military and industrial companies’ activity and rise in weapons and military equipment export. All above-listed processes of Russian military and industrial complexes predetermined the scientific and pragmatic interest for this research.

  15. Using the Electronic Industry Code of Conduct to Evaluate Green Supply Chain Management: An Empirical Study of Taiwan’s Computer Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ching-Ching Liu; Yue-Hwa Yu; Wernick, Iddo K.; Ching-Yuan Chang

    2015-01-01

    Electronics companies throughout Asia recognize the benefits of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) for gaining competitive advantage. A large majority of electronics companies in Taiwan have recently adopted the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC) Code of Conduct for defining and managing their social and environmental responsibilities throughout their supply chains. We surveyed 106 Tier 1 suppliers to the Taiwanese computer industry to determine their environmental performance...

  16. To Problem of Electric Supply Reliability for Consumers of Agro-Industrial Complex with Development of Market Relations in Electric Power Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. F. Kutsenko

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers a number of problems concerning relations between power-supply organizations and agro-industrial complex enterprises in respect of reliability of power supply to electro-receivers. Some concrete measures that are supposed to improve these relations under modem conditions are offered in the paper/

  17. New Simulation Method of New HV Power Supply for Industrial Microwave Generators with N=2 Magnetrons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. El Ghazal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This original work treats a new simulation method of a new type of high voltage power supply for microwave generators with N magnetrons (treated case: N=2 magnetrons, used as a source of energy in the industrial applications. This new power supply is composed of a single-phase HV transformer with magnetic leakage flow, supplying two parallel cells, which multiplies the voltage and stabilizes the current. The doubler supplies one magnetron. The transformer is presented by its p equivalent circuit. Each inductance of the model is characterized by its relation "flow-current". In this paper, we present a new approach validation of the p model of the special transformer using Matlab-Simulink code. The theoretical results compared with the experimental measurements, is in good agreement with them. The use of this tool Matlab-Simulink, has allowed us to confirm the possibility of the operation of this new system without interaction between magnetrons, with a view to a possible optimization which lead to reduce the weight, the volume and the cost of implementation while ensuring the process of regulating the current in each magnetron.

  18. Markets during world oil supply crises: an analysis of industry, consumer, and governmental response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erfle, Stephen; Pound, John; Kalt, Joseph

    1981-04-01

    An analysis of the response of American markets to supply crises in world oil markets is presented. It addresses four main issues: the efficiency of the operation of American oil markets during oil supply crises; the problems of both economic efficiency and social equity which arise during the American adaptation process; the propriety of the Federal government's past policy responses to these problems; and the relationship between perceptions of the problems caused by world oil crises and the real economic natures of these problems. Specifically, Chapter 1 presents a theoretical discussion of the effects of a world supply disruption on the price level and supply availability of the world market oil to any consuming country including the US Chapter 2 provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of the efficiency of the adaptations of US oil product markets to higher world oil prices. Chapter 3 examines the responses of various groups of US oil firms to the alterations observed in world markets, while Chapter 4 presents a theoretical explanation for the price-lagging behavior exhibited by firms in the US oil industry. Chapter 5 addresses the nature of both real and imagined oil market problems in the US during periods of world oil market transition. (MCW)

  19. Collaboration and Evolution of E-Commerce and Express Delivery Industry Supply Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Xu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering the contradictions between the electronic commerce (e-commerce and its matching express delivery service, this paper investigates a supply chain regarding e-commerce and express delivery industry, in which collaborative operations of enterprises are discussed. The profitability and collaboration capability acting as order parameters and the rest of the influential resources including logistics, fund, information, and commodity are selected with their interrelations being examined based on servo theory of synergetics. Besides, evolutionary model of the e-commerce and express delivery industry is established and analyzed according to self-organization method of system dynamic theory to illustrate order parameters’ role in system evolution, and numerical analyses emerged to intuitively demonstrate the solutions. We conclude the work along with its results of significant references for investigating resource integrations by combining the two closely related businesses in an entire cooperative supply chain and providing guidelines for e-commerce and express delivery enterprises and industries in effective collaboration and system evolution.

  20. Urban Water Supply Industry Marketization of China in View of Public Water Service and Water Resource Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yining

    2010-01-01

    Started with the discussions on the value orientation of urban water supply industry marketization,the article points out that the current urban water supply industry marketization reform is inconsistent with the goal of public water service equalization to some extent.The article also analyzes the problems emerged in urban water supply industry marketization reform and various reasons in view of efficiency and fairness.An efficiency and fairness oriented management model is built in this article to illustrate how the government should conciliate interests of various communities involved in the process of marketization reform of the urban water supply industry so as to actualize the coordination of efficiency and fairness.At the end,an assumption on urban water price is put forward to help achieve the public water service equalization.

  1. ON IMPROVING THE ENERGY SUPPLY OF BATCH DYEING APPARATUSES IN THE LIGHT INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Romaniuk

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper offers the results of pinch analysis, thermodynamic analysis based on exergy method that determine the energy-supply efficacy enhancement variants for the processing equipment in the light industry finishing production as exemplified by the apparatuses of batch operation for textile dyeing. Scientifically substantiated improvement feasibility estimation for the Belarusian light industry enterprises thermo-technological production energy supply is of current concern and in demand in the existing economic situation. Exergy method allows obtaining the indicated estimation by the simplest and most logical way as against the other methods of thermodynamic analysis e.g. entropy method or employing the cycle theory. Pinch analysis employment not only allows verifying the estimation results but also points out the problem spots demanding cardinal changes and modernization. This complex approach renders possible outlining simple ways of energy saving in the existing technical systems of substance transformation, which is important under the conditions of operating production for successful handling the problem of lowering production costs. The example of the most widespread thermo-technological production of the light industry illustrates the above stated. For most enterprises of the republic, it remains problematic in many ways. The suggested ways of solving the problem are not exhaustive and offer evolutionary changes that secure economic indicators fitting the dictates of time and the enterprises capabilities. Another critical factor of the presented analysis and ways for thermo-technological energy supply improvement is that the proposed changes can realize on basis of the equipment that established a good reputation during continuous service in different productions and manufactured in the republic in working partnership with foreign design engineers. 

  2. The Post-Cold War Defense Draw Down: The Defense Industry’s Response, Trends, and Changing Business Direction

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    marketing strategy evolved. MILSPECS/MILSTDS. The first factor we encountered revolved around MILSPECS and MILSTDS. This is an area of federal contracting...team had developed the marketing strategy which they wanted to convey to potential prime defense contractors. Due to their small size, high quality...and a core competence marketing strategy defined, we next began developing a marketing plan. Because the manufacturing plant was already working near

  3. 75 FR 15440 - Guidance for Industry on Standards for Securing the Drug Supply Chain-Standardized Numerical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... Supply Chain--Standardized Numerical Identification for Prescription Drug Packages; Availability AGENCY... to the Division of Docket Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm... availability of a guidance for industry entitled ``Standards for Securing the Drug Supply...

  4. A case study of the Mexican avocado industry based on transaction costs and supply chain management practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arana Coronado, J.J.; Bijman, J.; Omta, S.W.F.; Oude Lansink, A.

    2015-01-01

    The present study is based on transaction cost economics and supply chain management to analyze how the adoption of supply chain management practices in the Mexican avocado industry reduces the transaction costs between producers and packers. Two sources of information are used: interviews from diff

  5. Inventory trends in emerging market supply chains: Evidence from the Indian automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haritha Saranga

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the current paper, using a sample data of 58 firms consisting of automakers and auto component suppliers across a 14-year period, we study the factors contributing to efficient inventory management in the Indian automotive Industry. We use fixed effects regression models to document trends in inventory holdings over time and how this varies across inventory types and across tiers in the supply chain. Our results show that inventory holdings have declined differentially across tiers and across different types of inventories. We find tier-1 suppliers reduced all components of their inventories with the help of TQM and lean efforts.

  6. An Aerospace and Defense Industry Market Index for 1950-2012 and the Connection With Defense Spending

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    Aerospace Industries: Rapid Changes Ahead? (Abridged) Raymond Franck and Ira Lewis, Naval Postgraduate School Bernard Udis , University of Colorado at...of International Studies, and a PhD in industrial organization and resource economics from the University of New Mexico . [rbwilliamson@utk.edu

  7. A QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF SUPPLY RESPONSE IN THE NAMIBIAN MUTTON INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.N. Van Wyk

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Agricultural activities in Namibia contribute 5.5% of Namibia’s GDP, while 70% of the population relies on agriculture for employment and day-to-day living. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between the various price and non-price factors contributing to the supply dynamics within the mutton industry in Namibia. The autoregressive distributed lag approach to co-integration was used to determine the longrun and short-run supply response elasticities between economic and climatology factors on time-series data.
    Supply shifters showed significant short-run and long-run elasticities with regard to the mutton produced. Results also revealed that the system takes nearly two months to recover to the long-run supply equilibrium, should any disturbances occur within the supply system.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Landbou-aktiwiteite in Namibië dra 5.5% by tot die nasionale Bruto Binnelandse Produk, in ’n land waar meer as 70% van die bevolking afhanklik is van landbou om ’n bestaan te kan maak. Die doel van hierdie studie is om die verwantskappe te ondersoek tussen verskeie prys- en nie-prys-faktore wat bydra tot die aanboddinamika van die skaapvleisbedryf. ’n Outoregressie verspreide sloering benadering tot ko-integrasie is gebruik om die langtermyn en korttermyn elastisitiete tussen ekonomie- en klimaatfaktore vir skaapvleisaanbod te bepaal.
    Resultate het gewys dat aanbodfaktore betekenisvolle kort- en langtermyn elastisiteite toon. Resultate het ook getoon dat die sisteem twee maande neem om te herstel na die langtermyn aanbodekwilibruim, sou daar enige drastiese veranderings gebeur in die stelsel.

  8. Supply-side effects of strong energy price hikes in German industry and transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knetsch, Thomas A.; Molzahn, Alexander

    2009-07-01

    The paper studies the short-term effects of energy price hikes on the supply of industrial goods and transport services including the repercussions on remuneration of input factors. While industry had suffered more strongly from the oil price shock of the late 1970s compared with the one of the early 1970s and the 2004-08 upsurge, evidence is reverse for transportation. Regarding the impact on the income distribution, both sectors share the pattern that in the recent episode rising energy costs were more than compensated by falling unit labor costs while in the 1970s cost structures had been strained by expansive wage policy in addition to the oil price shocks. (orig.)

  9. Integrating renewable energy technologies in the electric supply industry: A risk management approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoff, T.E. [Pacific Energy Group, Walnut Creek, CA (United States)

    1997-07-01

    Regulatory and technical forces are causing electric utilities to move from a natural monopoly to a more competitive environment. Associated with this movement is an increasing concern about how to manage the risks associated with the electric supply business. One approach to managing risks is to purchase financial instruments such as options and futures contracts. Another approach is to own physical assets that have low risk attributes or characteristics. This research evaluates how investments in renewable energy technologies can mitigate risks in the electric supply industry. It identifies risks that are known to be of concern to utilities and other power producers. These risks include uncertainty in fuel prices, demand, environmental regulations, capital cost, supply, and market structure. The research then determines how investments in renewables can mitigate these risks. Methods are developed to calculate the value of renewables in terms of their attributes of fuel costs, environmental costs, lead-time, modularity, availability, initial capital costs, and investment reversibility. Examples illustrate how to apply the methods.

  10. Sustainability Assessment Framework for Food Supply Chain Logistics: Empirical Findings from Dutch Food Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jack G.A.J. van der Vorst

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Food companies are increasingly challenged to balance business performance and economic gains with environmental and social performance. Therefore, in 2012, we started a collaborative project on this topic named SCALE (Step Change in Agri-food Logistics Ecosystems. SCALE aims to improve the sustainability of food and drink supply chain logistics in the context of rising food demands, increasing energy prices and the need to reduce environmentally damaging emissions. More in particular, SCALE aims to deliver a number of tools and frameworks valuable for the agri-food sector to secure a step change in operational practices, which will improve the efficiency and sustainability of supply chain logistics. In the paper we present the first results of this project. Aim of this paper is (1 to present a sustainability research framework for food supply chains logistics including drivers, strategies, performance indicators, metrics and improvement opportunities to measure and potentially enhance sustainability performances; and (2 to analyse and diagnose the current status of Dutch food & drinks companies and logistics service providers using this framework. Results are found via a literature review, web-based research and structured interviews with Dutch food and logistics service industry.

  11. Productivity Improvement in a Steel Industry using Supply Chain Management Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Soltani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Cost reduction is one of the methods applied for improving the productivity of organizations. In productivity literature, particularly in nonparametric methods, cost reduction related methods are regarded as input oriented models. This paper presents a Supply Chain Management (SCM model in which purchasing iron ore and coke from different resources, along with production and distribution of steel products were investigated to improve the productivity of a steel making plant in Iran. The model was designed based on a single objective concept with a focus on total cost minimization. The constraints of the model consisted principal restriction concerning mines, coke plant and products. The model was implemented in steel factories (blast furnace affiliated with Iranian Mines and Mining Industries Development and Renovation Organization (IMIDRO.The results showed that the priority for providing iron ore should be given to Iran Central Iron Ore Company (ICIOC which has enough production capacity to satisfy the required ores. The results further suggested that at the best productivity condition, Isfahan steel plant should focus on the beam and bar production. The other plants, i.e. Zagros plant, should focus on L-beam and slab and finally Meibod steel plant should concentrate on slab production. It was also showed that the coke production plants cannot supply the required tonnage of the steel plants. Therefore, some new plants should be established to achieve self-sufficiency in this industry. This model can be used as a support tool for decision-makers at strategic and tactical decision levels.

  12. RFID's Impacts on Business Value: A Case Study of Supply Chain in the Discrete Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yun; SHAO Pei-ji; MO Zhi-wu; WANG Tao; SUN Shu

    2006-01-01

    Radio frequency identification (RFID) shall be a revolutionary technological innovation in recent years. Various solutions employing RFID technology have proved their functionality already in such industries as pharmaceuticals, express parcel carrying, and automotive manufacturing, and the increased efficiency and effectiveness has provided a good payback for the investments. But, up to now, fewer researches concentrate on applying RFID to heavy-machinery manufacturing enterprises, which are a typical kind of enterprises in discrete manufacturing industry. The main objective of this case study is to extend our understanding of the potential for RFID to delivery of the heavy-machinery manufacturing enterprise, which involves one specific supply chain. A trial to automate the verification activities of delivery is designed and performed. Results show that the stops currently designed into the processes can be eliminated by employing RFID technology and that RFID should be a revolutionary technology as it redesigns the existing processes, eliminate some current inefficiency, improve the accuracy of delivering the products, increases information sharing between supply chain members.

  13. Using RFID Tagging in a Mining Industry Maintenance, Repair, and Operating (MRO) Supply Warehouse: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, George D.

    2008-01-01

    The use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology has been shown to be successful by reducing operating costs in the retail and manufacturing industries, but has never been considered in the literature for a mining industry maintenance, repair, and operating (MRO) supply chain. This field study was conducted to determine whether or not…

  14. Using RFID Tagging in a Mining Industry Maintenance, Repair, and Operating (MRO) Supply Warehouse: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, George D.

    2008-01-01

    The use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology has been shown to be successful by reducing operating costs in the retail and manufacturing industries, but has never been considered in the literature for a mining industry maintenance, repair, and operating (MRO) supply chain. This field study was conducted to determine whether or not…

  15. Operations management in automotive industries from industrial strategies to production resources management, through the industrialization process and supply chain to pursue value creation

    CERN Document Server

    Gobetto, Marco

    2014-01-01

    This book has proved its worth over the years as a text for courses in Production Management at the Faculty of Automotive Engineering in Turin, Italy, but deserves a wider audience as it presents a compendium of basics on Industrial Management, since it covers all major topics required. It treats all subjects from product development and “make or buy”-decision strategies to the manufacturing systems setting and management through analysis of the main resources needed in production and finally exploring the supply chain management and the procurement techniques. The very last chapter recapitulates the previous ones by analysing key management indicators to pursue the value creation that is the real purpose of every industrial enterprise. As an appendix, a specific chapter is dedicated to the basics of production management where all main relevant definitions, techniques and criteria are treated, including some numerical examples, in order to provide an adequate foundation for understanding the other chapte...

  16. An analysis of the effect of STEM initiatives on socially responsible diversity management in the US aerospace and defense industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson-Oliver, Patrick

    Workforce diversity is a growing concern at a global level and enlightened economic self-interest and corporate image compels industries to leverage it as a competitive advantage. The US aerospace and defense industry (US ADI) addresses workforce diversity through socially responsible diversity management. Prior research into the topic of approaching workforce diversity as a business rationale and a moral imperative has been limited. Scharmer and Kaufer's (2013) Theory U guided this longitudinal explanatory quantitative study, leading from the future as it emerged relative to socially responsible diversity management to compel industry to remove blind spots and co-create an economy that benefits all by promoting workforce diversity as a dual agenda. This study filled a research gap investigating the business case for diversity as a dual agenda in aerospace industry science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. The study also investigated the America COMPETES Act as a moderator of the relationship between historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) and industry. Data was retrieved for secondary data analysis from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and other public government services and agency websites. Two hypotheses were tested using quantitative analysis including descriptive statistics, linear regression, ANOVA, and two factor analysis. The statistical results were analyzed and deductive logic employed to develop conclusions for the study. There was a significant relationship found between both predictors and socially responsible diversity management. The results reinforce the necessity for the aerospace defense industry to promote the dual agenda of the business case for diversity as complementary; not as competing mandates.

  17. Strategic Supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    March 7, 2003. [29] Velis, Lil. “ Publishing Industry : Supply Chain Strategy in Action,” briefing presented to ICAF Strategic Supply Seminar, May 6...Lambert and Stock, page 48. [32] Velis, Lil. “ Publishing Industry : Supply Chain Strategy in Action,” briefing presented to ICAF Strategic Supply

  18. The study and design of a national supply chain for the aerospace titanium components manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lene van der Merwe

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Titanium’s strength-to-density ratio, corrosion resistance and high thermal compatibility makes it the perfect metal for aerospace. Titanium is for instance used for the structural airframe, seat tracks, engine components and landing gear of aircraft. The Boeing 787 that had its test flight in 2009 is one of the latest aircraft designs that incorporates a substantially higher percentage of parts manufactured from titanium due to the weight benefit. Titanium’s extensive use in aerospace applications ensures that the aerospace market is the main driver of titanium metal demand. South Africa is the second largest titanium producer in the world after Australia. The abundance of titanium in South Africa together with the growing demand has led it to be identified as a beneficiation priority in a collaborative government initiative, called Titanium Beneficiation Initiative (TBI. The purpose of this paper is to develop a supply chain model for the anticipated South African titanium component manufacturing industry.

  19. Green Supply Chain Management as a Conceptual Framework for Taiwan Textile Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheau-Ming Chen

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study introduces the conceptual framework of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM for Taiwan textile industry. The qualitative approach is divided into Green Manufacturing, Green Marketing and Wastes Recycling. In order to conquer the trade barriers by the European Union (EU, all works ought to fulfill the requirement of EU environmental directives, including these restrictions of hazardous substances, energy consumption and wastes recycling. The GSCM system is conducted into enterprises with the following job items are completed: First, the information platform is built and regularly being used. Secondly, the technical level must achieve the demands of EU environmental directives. Finally, merchandises should offer test report or authentication on the six restricted compounds.

  20. Integration of water footprint accounting and costs for optimal pulp supply mix in paper industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manzardo, Alessandro; Ren, Jingzheng; Piantella, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    studies have focused on these aspects, but there have been no previous reports on the integrated application of raw material water footprint accounting and costs in the definition of the optimal supply mix of chemical pulps from different countries. The current models that have been applied specifically...... that minimizes the water footprint accounting results and costs of chemical pulp, thereby facilitating the assessment of the water footprint by accounting for different chemical pulps purchased from various suppliers, with a focus on the efficiency of the production process. Water footprint accounting......Chemical pulp is one of the most important raw materials used in the paper industry. This material is known to make a significant contribution to the water footprint and cost of final paper products; therefore, chemical pulp is crucial in determining the competitiveness of final products'. Several...

  1. Analyzing the key factors affecting the green supply chain management: A case study of steel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamideh Shekari

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Green supply chain management (GSCM has emerged as a proactive approach for improving environmental performance of processes and products in accordance with the requirements of environmental regulations. The aim of this paper is to determine and model the drivers of GSCM to put environmental activities into practice. Thirty-four measurement items are developed on the basis of opinions from industrial experts and the literature and the necessary data are collected. To validate the measurement scales for GSCM, we perform a factor analysis. The results show that a six-factor measurement model (including internal environmental management, green purchasing, cleaner production, recovery, eco-design and pollution fits the data acceptably. All of the measurement items significantly loaded on the constructs on which they were hypothesized to load. These results gave us confidence that the measures are indeed valid and reliable.

  2. Supply Chain and Blade Manufacturing Considerations in the Global Wind Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, Ted [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Goodrich, Alan [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2013-12-12

    Over the past decade, significant wind manufacturing capacity has been built in the United States in response to an increasingly large domestic market. Recent U.S. manufacturing production levels exceed anticipated near-term domestic demand for select parts of the supply chain, in part due to policy uncertainty, and this is resulting in some restructuring in the industry. Factor location decisions are influenced by a combination of quantitative and qualitative factors; proximity to end-markets is often a key consideration, especially for manufacturers of large wind turbine components. Technology advancements in the wind sector are continuing, and larger blade designs are being pursued in the market, which may increase U.S.-based manufacturing opportunities.

  3. Supply and demand for alcohol in Australia: relationships between industry structures, regulation and the marketplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockwell, T; Crosbie, D

    2001-07-01

    Aspects of alcohol supply and demand relationships are examined in relation to the two main beverage varieties in Australia, wine and beer. It is argued that this case study illustrates how the 'supply side' is able to create and protect demand for alcohol through both taking advantage of and influencing government regulation of the market for alcohol. In relation to low alcohol beer the impact on public health and safety has been extremely positive. In relation to the creation of cask wine in the late 1960s there have been demonstrably deleterious effects. Preferential taxation arrangements for the Australian wine industry have dramatically increased both exports and home consumption. One unintended consequence has been the creation of a major new market for cheap bulk wines that have had a devastating public health impact, particularly on Aboriginal communities, and also the invention of 'alco-pops'. Two-thirds of all table wine consumed in Australia now comes in a cask and 90% of this product is manufactured by three multi-national companies that wield enormous power and political influence to maintain the status quo. The Australian beer industry is well known internationally for its export of 'full strength' (around 5% by volume) beers. What is less well known is its commercial success in the development of low and mid-strength varieties for home consumption. In some States these now comprise 40% by volume of the beer market. This development can largely be attributed to State taxation arrangements, to drink-driving law enforcement, marketing strategies and to a decade of intense competition between several major brewers. This case study indicates how alcohol taxation policy can have major impacts on public health (both positive and negative) but that in a modern market economy it is difficult for governments to act in the public interest due to pressures from vested interest groups.

  4. STRATEGI MENGELOLA KETIDAKSEIMBANGAN SUPPLY AND DEMAND PADA INDUSTRI PERHOTELAN DI SOLO RAYA*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Purnomo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Since 2011 hotel industry in Solo Raya has very significant demand and supply imbalance in the fields of room occupancy rate, human resources and finance. So, this research is intended to find strategies to manage the supply and demand imbalance along with long term solutions to overcome these conditions. This process evaluation study is presented to evaluate the implementation of ongoing programs and policies in order to improve their qualities and to asses if they are successfull or failed (Edison, 2009. Several methods of data collection are documentation, observation and field notes and interviews with questionnaire. Subjects of research are whole members of Indonesia Hotel & Restaurant Association (PHRI Surakarta which are classified as star and nonstar hotels, local government officers and tourism service providers. The research findings show that: (1 to increase the room occupancy rate is by increasing the number of guests through promoting special packages offering customized solutions, instead of reducing the number of existing hotels; (2 during low seasons, optimize in-house trainings to improve human resources with expected competencies, entrepreneur souls and risk-taking; and (3 implement a comprehensive efficiency program to maintain healthy financial companies. The research findings imply the needs of political will from government which supports tourism sector to create ‘some sugar’(tourist attractions in Solo Raya that will be consumed by ‘ants’ (tourists.

  5. Of Tanks and Toyotas: An Assessment of Japan’s Defense Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    of Defense Agency Research and Development,’ Keidanren Defense Production Committee, 1970 (cited by Michael J. Green, Kkusanka- FSX and Japan’s Search...IAerospace, September 22, 1989, p. 10 (JPPS4ST-8-059.L, November 28, 1989, p. 15). -41- 2""h 5 Bomms at ubsystausm -Japamaee Figheer Alrwaft Years main Type

  6. Globalization and the U.S.Defense Industrial Base: The Competition for a New Aerial Refueling Tanker

    OpenAIRE

    Nayantara Hensel

    2008-01-01

    The growth in the global economy and the trend toward outsourcing have given rise to concerns over the composition and strength of the U.S. industrial base and the degree of U.S. dependence on other countries for certain goods. The purpose of this article is to examine the concerns surrounding the alleged inroads of foreign manufacturers into the U.S. defense industrial base, as well as the background behind the concerns, with a specific focus on the recent competition over what may be one of...

  7. The Industrial Specialization and Economic Contribution of the Smartphone Supply Chain: The Case of Apple and HTC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Nan Tsan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the linkage between industrial specialization and economic contribution in the smartphone component industry. The value created from the manufacturing process may shift the leading positions of countries involved in the supply chain. In turn, the regional hierarchy will further influence the slicing up of the smartphone component value chain based on each country’s comparative advantages. The economic contribution from the Apple and HTC supply chains are analyzed in terms of value added, jobs created and employee composition in Taiwan and other countries. Analysis found that for every smartphone produced, Apple's component supply chain created 37.3 USD of value in Taiwan, as opposed to 58.7 USD for HTC. This study recommends that industrial efforts should further focus on the production of application processors, LCD panels and passive components.

  8. An evaluation of the procedures required to ensure consistent material supply in the Eastern Cape automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GS Horn

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available There is a common perception that logistics practice and supply chain management have not yet reached the required international standards among all the supply chain members in the South African automotive industry. This article is based on a research study that investigated possible reasons for the inconsistent supply of materials in the Eastern Cape automotive industry specifically. Problems identified include the fact that suppliers are not evaluated on a regular basis and do not receive sufficient logistics training, while a commitment and will to development local suppliers is lacking. Recommendations made to the South African automotive industry include the improvement of development programmes to assist local suppliers in becoming world-class suppliers, better logistics training, more regular supplier assessments, as well as improved mutual communication among suppliers and motor vehicle assemblers.

  9. Effects of regulatory reforms in the electricity supply industry on electricity prices in developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagayama, Hiroaki [Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachi, Kyoto (Japan). Graduate School of Energy Science, Department of Socio-Environmental Energy Science

    2007-06-15

    Electric power sector reforms in the electricity supply industry have had an impact on industrial and household prices in developing countries in Latin America, the former Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe. Using original panel data for 83 countries during the period from 1985 to 2002, we examine how each policy instrument of the reform measures influenced electricity prices for countries in the above regions. We found that variables such as entry of independent power producers (IPP), unbundling of generation and transmission, establishment of a regulatory agency, and the introduction of a wholesale spot market have had a variety of impacts on electricity prices, some of which were not always consistent with expected results. The research findings suggest that neither unbundling nor introduction of a wholesale pool market on their own necessarily reduces the electric power price. In fact, contrary to expectations, there was a tendency for the price to rise. However, coexistent with an independent regulator, unbundling may work to reduce electricity prices. Privatization and the introduction of foreign IPP and retail competition lower electricity prices in some regions, but not all. (author)

  10. Perceptions of managers regarding supply chain cost reduction in the South African mobile phone industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musenga F. Mpwanya

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Many industries, including the mobile phone industry, experience a surge in supply chain (SC costs in the provision of products and services to their customers. Despite this, only a few studies have been conducted on SC cost reduction in South Africa and globally.Objective: This study seeks to understand the perceptions of managers regarding cost reduction in the South African mobile phone SC.Method: A qualitative case study was conducted, involving eight willing managers and using semi-structured interviews, observation and documents. Interviews transcripts were analysed thematically with the help of Atlas.ti and a threefold process was followed, comprising data reduction, data display and data interpretation and conclusion drawing.Results: The findings suggest that mobile phone companies should consolidate their strategic relationships and be efficient, in order to effectively reduce costs in the South African mobile phone SC. To achieve this, whilst South African mobile network operators have to share more and more infrastructure and outsource their operations, other mobile phone companies should re-engineer their operational processes and their reduce costs across the SC.Conclusion: The knowledge generated from this study should assist South African mobile phone companies to reduce their SC costs and address high-priced mobile services. On the other hand, this study should assist regulating authorities (the Department of Communications and the Independent Communication Authority of South Africa to gain insights into the challenges faced by the mobile phone industry in South Africa and, therefore, to make appropriate and adequate mobile telecommunication policies.

  11. Identifying and ranking of strategies to implement green supply chain management in Indian manufacturing industry using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Luthra

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The study aims to identify and rank the major strategies that help achieve successful implementation of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM in Indian manufacturing industry.Design/methodology/approach – Strategies to implement GSCM have been identified thorough extensive literature review and then experts’ opinion is sought for categorizing them into four representative dimensions which are then ranked using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP.Findings – The study categorizes the GSCM implementation strategies into four dimensions - Non members of supply chain, downward stream supply chain Members, Organizational members of supply chain and upward stream supply chain members. These dimensions are found to play an important role in greening the supply chains enabling the practicing firms achieve enhanced operational performances.Research limitations/implications- AHP is used for ranking the GSCM implementation strategies in Indian manufacturing scenario. The pair-wise comparisons are made on the basis of the opinion of the experts drawn from academia and industry. As is natural, opinions of experts may not always be free from bias or prejudices. Moreover, the study relied more on the GSCM practices literature in developed nations as only limited literature related to the undertaken work in the Indian context was available.Practical implications – This paper may play important role in understanding various strategies and ranking them in order of importance. This facilitates firms prioritize different actions for achieving high GSCM performances in Indian manufacturing industry. Strategic implementation of green supply chain management will help Indian manufacturing enterprises enjoy cost and efficiency benefits.Originality/value – GSCM is a relatively new topic for majority of Indian manufacturing industries. This work is likely to help GSCM practitioners select suitable strategies in consonance with the government regulations

  12. Barriers to implement green supply chain management in automobile industry using interpretive structural modeling technique-An Indian perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Sunil Luthra; Vinod Kumar; Sanjay Kumar; Abid Haleem

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) has received growing attention in the last few years. Most of the automobile industries are setting up their own manufacturing plants in competitive Indian market. Due to public awareness, economic, environmental or legislative reasons, the requirement of GSCM has increased.  In this context, this study aims to develop a structural model of the barriers to implement GSCM in Indian automobile industry.Design/methodology/approach: We have ident...

  13. Cross Cultural Logistics and Supply Chain Management Towards Organizational Effectiveness within the Asean/Thai Automotive Industries: A Sem Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Dansomboon Suwaj; Phimonsathienand Thepparat; Fongsuwan Wanno

    2016-01-01

    As a manufacturing, logistics and supply chain hub within ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), Thailand holds the 12th spot in global vehicle production for an estimated 2,355 Thai and multinational automotive industry enterprises. Within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Thailand ranks number one in automotive production contributing $US11.4 billion to the Thai economy and 12 percent to Thailand’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product), with the automotive industry being Thailand’...

  14. Restructuring and adjustment of the power supply industry in Poland; Die Umstrukturierung der polnischen Elektrizitaetswirtschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuba, E. [Europa-Univ. Viadrina, Lehrstuhl Volkswirtschaftslehre, Frankfurt (Germany)

    1998-09-01

    Poland`s economy is still in the process of transformation from a centrally planned economy to a market directed economy that was started in 1989. Removal of the monopolistic structure, transition to private ownership, competition, deregulation, etc. are the keywords used in public debates about the future development of the economy and of particular sectors of the economy, including the energy sector. The objectives of the reform of the power supply industry in Poland primarily are to establish a system ensuring safe, priceworthy, and environmentally compatible power supply. Action planned for this end include abolishment of vertical integration in the power market, introduction of competition as the leading principle in the market, and privatisation of utilities. The reform of the power sector in Poland follows the example of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. The article here gives an outline of the way adopted in Poland. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Die polnische Nationaloekonomie befindet sich seit 1989 im Transformationsprozess von der Planwirtschaft hin zur Marktwirtschaft. Demonopolisierung, Uebergang zum privaten Eigentum, Wettbewerb, Deregulierung etc. sind Schlagworte, die sehr oft in der Diskussion ueber moegliche Loesungen genannt werden, auch in bezug auf die polnische Energiewirtschaft, darunter auch auf die polnische Elektrizitaetsindustrie. Als Ziele der Reform der polnischen Elektrizitaetsindustrie wird die sichere, kostenguenstige sowie umweltvertraegliche Stromversorgung genannt. Dies soll durch Aufloesung der vertikalen Integration des Stromsektors, Einfuehrung von Wettbewerbsregeln beim Agieren der Firmen untereinander sowie durch die kuenftige Entstaatlichung der Unternehmen erreicht werden. Der Elektrizitaetssektor Polens wird somit nach dem britischen Muster reformiert. Im Beitrag wird die polnische Version dargestellt. (orig./RHM)

  15. Designing Food Supply Chains: An Application of Lean Manufacturing and Lean Supply Chain Paradigms to the Spanish Egg Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Fuentes-Pila, Joaquin; Rodriguez Monroy, Carlos; Antelo, Ramon; Torrubiano, Juan; Roldan, Larisa

    2007-01-01

    Since Womack et al. (1990) published “The Machine that Changed the World”, showing the results of an international assembly plant benchmarking study carried out by the MIT International Motor Vehicle Program, the Lean Production paradigm, initially based on the Toyota Production System, has been applied successfully by an increasing number of leading companies within the automotive industry. Currently, Lean Production methodologies and tools have already shown their potential, both in manufac...

  16. Economic Analysis in Restructured Electricity Supply Industry (ESI for Malaysian Market Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad N.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Before 1980s, the generation, transmission and distribution vertically related sectors have typically been tied together within a utility. It has been either, investor owned and state-regulated or owned by the local municipality. Each sector was thought of as a natural monopoly. During that era, there were two main reasons accelerated for restructuring needs. The first one was to widen up the choices of electricity for customers. And the second one was due to rapid expansion capacity needs in generation, transmission and distribution. In Malaysia, the Malaysian Electricity Supply Industry (MESI has aimed to restructure its current model to become a wholesale market model. In 1992, by introducing the Independent Power Producers (IPPs in the loop, MESI applies Single Buyer model. Single Buyer model is one of the existing models available under the restructuring apart from Pool and Bilateral. This paper evaluates the economic benefits for Malaysia with the current structure from the side of electricity provider. A case study with load variation for three different maximum demands is considered in this paper. The mathematical equation developed by zero Loss of Load Probability is applied to evaluate the economic benefits.

  17. Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields of uninterruptible power supply industry workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teşneli, N Berna; Teşneli, Ahmet Y

    2014-12-01

    There is an increasing concern that exposure to extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) may cause or contribute to adverse health effects. To assess exposure to ELF EMFs, electric and magnetic field spot measurements were performed extensively at the workplace of a worldwide uninterruptible power supply (UPS) factory. The measurements were carried out in order to get the electric and magnetic field exposure results in real working situations in test areas, production lines and power substations. The electric and magnetic fields reached up to 992.0 V m(-1) and 215.6 μT in the test areas, respectively. The fields existed up to 26.7 V m(-1) and 7.6 μT in the production lines. The field levels in the vicinity of the power substations did not exceed 165.5 V m(-1) and 65 μT. The data presented are useful in determining the occupational exposure levels of UPS industry workers. The measurements are below the reference levels recommended by the guideline published in 2010 by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection and action levels of the directive adopted in 2013 by European Parliament and Council.

  18. Critical success factors for implementing supply chain information systems : insights from the pork industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Denolf, J.M.

    2014-01-01

    Critical success factors for implementing supply chain information systems – Janne M. Denolf Due to intensified competition, companies realize that they should closely collaborate with their supply-chain partners to further cut costs and stay competitive. To do so, supply-chai

  19. U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Downing, Mark [ORNL; Eaton, Laurence M [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL; Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Stokes, Bryce [Navarro Research & Engineering; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL

    2011-08-01

    The report, Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply (generally referred to as the Billion-Ton Study or 2005 BTS), was an estimate of 'potential' biomass based on numerous assumptions about current and future inventory, production capacity, availability, and technology. The analysis was made to determine if conterminous U.S. agriculture and forestry resources had the capability to produce at least one billion dry tons of sustainable biomass annually to displace 30% or more of the nation's present petroleum consumption. An effort was made to use conservative estimates to assure confidence in having sufficient supply to reach the goal. The potential biomass was projected to be reasonably available around mid-century when large-scale biorefineries are likely to exist. The study emphasized primary sources of forest- and agriculture-derived biomass, such as logging residues, fuel treatment thinnings, crop residues, and perennially grown grasses and trees. These primary sources have the greatest potential to supply large, reliable, and sustainable quantities of biomass. While the primary sources were emphasized, estimates of secondary residue and tertiary waste resources of biomass were also provided. The original Billion-Ton Resource Assessment, published in 2005, was divided into two parts-forest-derived resources and agriculture-derived resources. The forest resources included residues produced during the harvesting of merchantable timber, forest residues, and small-diameter trees that could become available through initiatives to reduce fire hazards and improve forest health; forest residues from land conversion; fuelwood extracted from forests; residues generated at primary forest product processing mills; and urban wood wastes, municipal solid wastes (MSW), and construction and demolition (C&D) debris. For these forest resources, only residues, wastes, and small

  20. Optimizing complex supply chains. Applications in the petroleum, shipping and metal industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ulstein, Nina Linn

    2005-07-01

    products to plants. The model gives a description of Elkem's supply chain, and gives planners the possibility to explore alternative decisions and study the effects in economic and physical terms. The main contribution from this paper consists of presenting a successful application of an optimization tool, used in a critical decision making process for the company. The paper also offers useful insight into the process of developing and applying the model. The paper is co-authored by Marielle Christiansen, Roar Groenhaug, Nick Magnussen and Marius M. Solomon, and has been submitted to Interfaces. Paper 4: Supply Chain Design in the Metals Production Industry under Uncertainty in Future Prices and Demands This paper describes a stochastic extension to the planning Mol described in Paper 3. The two-stage stochastic model includes alternative scenarios for future developments in market prices and demand. This help Elkem identify robust strategies with regard to future changes in the market. The stochastic model is a large scale MIP problem and a specialised solution algorithm is proposed for solving practical problem instances. The algorithm decomposes the problem per scenario and applies global branching on first-stage variables to re-establish non-anticipativity. The main contribution from this paper is to model and solve a real-world stochastic supply chain design problem. This includes presenting a solution algorithm which enables the solution of practical problem instances. The paper has been submitted to the European Journal of Operational Research. (Author)

  1. Prediction on Human Resource Supply/Demand in Nuclear Industry Using Markov Chains Model and Job Coefficient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Hyuk; Min, Byung Joo; Lee, Eui Jin; You, Byung Hoon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-07-01

    According to the recent report by the OECD/NEA, there is a large imbalance between supply and demand of human resource in nuclear field. In the U.S., according to survey of Nuclear Engineering Department Heads Organization (NEDHO), 174 graduates in B.S or M.S degree were fed to nuclear industry in year 2004. Meanwhile, the total amount of demand in nuclear industry was about 642 engineers, which was approximately three times of the supply. In case of other developed western nations, the OECD/NEA report stated that the level of imbalance is similar to that of the U.S. However, nations having nuclear power development programs such as Korea, Japan and France seem to be in a different environment of supply and demand from that of the U.S. In this study, the difference of manpower status between the U.S and Korea has been investigated and the nuclear manpower required for the future in Korea is predicted. To investigate the factors making difference between the U.S. and NPP developing countries including Korea, a quantitative manpower planning model, Markov chains model, is applied. Since the Markov chains model has the strength of analyzing an inflow or push structure, the model fits the system governed by the inflow of manpower. A macroscopic status of manpower demand on nuclear industry is calculated up to 2015 using the Job coefficient (JC) and GDP, which are derived from the Survey for Roadmap of Electric Power Industry Manpower Planning. Furthermore, the total numbers of required manpower and supplied manpower up to 2030 were predicted by JC and Markov Chains model, respectively. Whereas the employee status of nuclear industries has been annually investigated by KAIF since 1995, the following data from the 10{sup th} survey and nuclear energy yearbooks from 1998 to 2005 are applied; (a) the status of the manpower demand of industry, (b) number of students entering, graduating and getting job in nuclear engineering.

  2. Research on Dynamic Impact of Monetary Supply on Agricultural Industry and Food Price

    OpenAIRE

    XiaoFei Zhao

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we study the impact of money supply changes on food prices by using VAR model. The model set and test are based on the rigorous analysis of co-integration relationship between money supply and food prices, then we make empirical analysis to study the impact of money supply changes to food prices. The result shows that there is a long-term stable relationship between money supply and food price. The money supply and output shocks have different impacts on food prices: the effect...

  3. Research on Dynamic Impact of Monetary Supply on Agricultural Industry and Food Price

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    XiaoFei Zhao

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we study the impact of money supply changes on food prices by using VAR model. The model set and test are based on the rigorous analysis of co-integration relationship between money supply and food prices, then we make empirical analysis to study the impact of money supply changes to food prices. The result shows that there is a long-term stable relationship between money supply and food price. The money supply and output shocks have different impacts on food prices: the effect of money supply on food price is obvious. Also, the increase of money supply will promote the food price sustained growth in the long time. On the other hand, the increase of GDP will lead to the decline in food prices and make price level tends to be stable.

  4. Renewable generation technology choice and policies in a competitive electricity supply industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Ashok

    Renewable energy generation technologies have lower externality costs but higher private costs than fossil fuel-based generation. As a result, the choice of renewables in the future generation mix could be affected by the industry's future market-oriented structure because market objectives based on private value judgments may conflict with social policy objectives toward better environmental quality. This research assesses how renewable energy generation choices would be affected in a restructured electricity generation market. A multi-period linear programming-based model (Resource Planning Model) is used to characterize today's electricity supply market in the United States. The model simulates long-range (2000-2020) generation capacity planning and operation decisions under alternative market paradigms. Price-sensitive demand is used to simulate customer preferences in the market. Dynamically changing costs for renewables and a two-step load duration curve are used. A Reference Case represents the benchmark for a socially-optimal diffusion of renewables and a basis for comparing outcomes under alternative market structures. It internalizes externality costs associated with emissions of sulfur dioxide (SOsb2), nitrous oxides (NOsbx), and carbon dioxide (COsb2). A Competitive Case represents a market with many generation suppliers and decision-making based on private costs. Finally, a Market Power Case models the extreme case of market power: monopoly. The results suggest that the share of renewables would decrease (and emissions would increase) considerably in both the Competitive and the Market Power Cases with respect to the Reference Case. The reduction is greater in the Market Power Case due to pricing decisions under existing supply capability. The research evaluates the following environmental policy options that could overcome market failures in achieving an appropriate level of renewable generation: COsb2 emissions tax, SOsb2 emissions cap, renewable

  5. Optimal Product Quality of Supply Chain Based on Information Traceability in Fashion and Textiles Industry: An Adverse Logistics Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaolin Cheng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates and compares two quality control methods, that is, inspection control and traceability control, to optimize supply chain quality in fashion and textiles industry. The objective is to maximize the supply chain participants’ expected profits and to achieve a Pareto improvement of supply chain product quality. With quality as a controllable variable indicating the level of opportunistic behavior, the return is interpreted as a function of quality: the higher the quality, the lower the return. Taking into account both quality and inventory quantity, we propose and compare the optimal decision-making models for three control methods of supply chain, respectively: decentralized (no control, inspection, and traceability. Further, we use a numerical example to illustrate the relationships among quality, profits, and quality-control cost coefficients (i.e., inspection-related cost and traceability-related cost. We then analyze and discuss the differences in the applications and scopes of the two control methods. On the one hand, given the poor standardization of fashion and textiles industry in the current practice (especially in China market, the cost of sampling inspection is relatively lower as compared to that of the traceability control method. On the other hand, with the improved industrial standardization and technology, traceability control tends to gain increasing advantages in cost and popularity.

  6. A Fuzzy AHP-TOPSIS Framework for the Risk Assessment of Green Supply Chain Implementation in the Textile Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nazam

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In the emerging supply chain environment, green supply chain risk management plays a significant role than ever. Risk is an inherent uncertainty and has tendency to disrupt the typical green supply chain management (GSCM operations and eventually reduce the success rate of industries. In order to mitigate the consequences, a fuzzy multi-criteria group decision making modeling (FMCGDM which could evaluate the potential risks in the context of (GSCM is needed from the industrial point of view. Therefore, this research proposes a combined fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP to calculate the weight of each risk criterion and sub-criterion and technique for order performance by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS methodology to rank and assess the risks associated with implementation of (GSCM practices under the fuzzy environment. The proposed fuzzy risk-oriented evaluation model is applied to a practical case of textile manufacturing industry. Finally, the proposed model helps the researchers and practitioners to understand the importance of conducting appropriate risk assessment when implementing green supply chain initiatives.

  7. U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Downing, Mark [ORNL; Eaton, Laurence M [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL; Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Stokes, Bryce [Navarro Research & Engineering; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL

    2011-08-01

    The report, Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply (generally referred to as the Billion-Ton Study or 2005 BTS), was an estimate of 'potential' biomass based on numerous assumptions about current and future inventory, production capacity, availability, and technology. The analysis was made to determine if conterminous U.S. agriculture and forestry resources had the capability to produce at least one billion dry tons of sustainable biomass annually to displace 30% or more of the nation's present petroleum consumption. An effort was made to use conservative estimates to assure confidence in having sufficient supply to reach the goal. The potential biomass was projected to be reasonably available around mid-century when large-scale biorefineries are likely to exist. The study emphasized primary sources of forest- and agriculture-derived biomass, such as logging residues, fuel treatment thinnings, crop residues, and perennially grown grasses and trees. These primary sources have the greatest potential to supply large, reliable, and sustainable quantities of biomass. While the primary sources were emphasized, estimates of secondary residue and tertiary waste resources of biomass were also provided. The original Billion-Ton Resource Assessment, published in 2005, was divided into two parts-forest-derived resources and agriculture-derived resources. The forest resources included residues produced during the harvesting of merchantable timber, forest residues, and small-diameter trees that could become available through initiatives to reduce fire hazards and improve forest health; forest residues from land conversion; fuelwood extracted from forests; residues generated at primary forest product processing mills; and urban wood wastes, municipal solid wastes (MSW), and construction and demolition (C&D) debris. For these forest resources, only residues, wastes, and small

  8. The Perceptions of the Automotive Supply Industry Related to Information Technology Utilization and Creating Barriers to Competitive Market Entry: A Case Study of the Implications for Strategic Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cargal, Joseph L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine information technology/systems strategy related factors in the automotive supply industry based on responses to the Strategic Planning and Business Performance Survey provided to automotive suppliers. This population produces supplies to the automotive industry with products valued at hundreds of billions…

  9. The Perceptions of the Automotive Supply Industry Related to Information Technology Utilization and Creating Barriers to Competitive Market Entry: A Case Study of the Implications for Strategic Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cargal, Joseph L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine information technology/systems strategy related factors in the automotive supply industry based on responses to the Strategic Planning and Business Performance Survey provided to automotive suppliers. This population produces supplies to the automotive industry with products valued at hundreds of billions…

  10. The political economy of institutional change in the electricity supply industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rufin, Carlos Ramon

    2000-09-01

    In the first part, a positive political economy model of the behavior of public enterprise, consumer electoral preferences, electoral platform choices of political parties, and side payments by production factors ("suppliers") to political parties, is used to analyze the political economy of choices among three alternative institutional arrangements: competition among private firms, private monopoly, or public enterprise monopoly. The analysis shows that political choices will be biased in favor of public enterprise, because consumers and suppliers benefit from its behavior. Voter and politician ideologies can temper or exacerbate this logic. Competition for economic rents increases the likelihood of public enterprise. Lastly, a weak judiciary can also make public enterprise likelier, but it creates uncertainty about parties' future actions and therefore it lowers the effectiveness of supplier side payments. In Part 2, the model's conclusions are tested for the electricity supply industry (ESI) across a cross-section of more than 80 countries. Coding is used to compute scores for observed outcomes with regard to reliance on competition versus monopoly and on private versus public ownership. Multiple indicators for the hypothesized explanatory variables are aggregated using factor analysis. OLS regressions show that ideology plays an important role in both competition and property outcomes, and to a lesser extent, distributional conflict, while judicial independence does not in general have a clear effect. In the last part, the validity of the same hypotheses is tested by means of a comparison of the process of restructuring of the ESI in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Chile. The case studies show that ideology plays a major role in shaping the outcomes of the institutional change process; distributional conflict, or the conflict over the economic rents that can be extracted from the electricity industry, also has a significant influence on institutional change

  11. Ethylene oxide sterilization in the medical-supply manufacturing industry: assessment and control of worker exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chien, Yeh-Chung; Liu, Hung-Hsin; Lin, Yi-Chang; Su, Po-Chi; Li, Lien-Hsiung; Chang, Cheng-Ping; Tang, Da-Toung; Chen, Chang-Yuh

    2007-11-01

    In 2005, the Taiwan Institute of Occupational Safety and Health started an on-site consulting program for the medical supplies manufacturing industry, which use ethylene oxide (EO) as a sterilant, with the goal of enhancing occupational hygiene practices and controlling EO-related risks. This study presents EO exposure assessment results and examines the effectiveness of control measures. Detailed surveys, including exposure monitoring, were conducted at 10 factories. Airborne EO was collected using an HBr-coated charcoal tube and analyzed using GC/MS. Sterilizer operators had an average short-term EO exposure level of 27.61 ppm during unloading; mean time-weighted average workshift exposure was 7.35 ppm. High EO concentrations were also present throughout the facilities. Specifically, mean EO concentrations in the aeration area, near the sterilizer and in the warehouse were 10.19, 5.75, and 8.78 ppm, respectively. These findings indicate that immediate controls are needed, and that EO emissions from sterilized products during storage cannot be overlooked. Worker short-term exposures during unloading was inversely correlated (p < 0.05) with the numbers of poststerilization purge cycle applied. The specific controls implemented and their usefulness is discussed. Increasing the number of poststerilization purge cycles is a simple approach to eliminating extremely high exposure during unloading. Improvements to ventilation, particularly in the aeration area and warehouse, were also effective in minimizing worker exposures. Use of effective respirator is recommended until the EO exposure levels, averaging 3.41 ppm after the controls, fall below the permissible exposure limit.

  12. Using the Electronic Industry Code of Conduct to Evaluate Green Supply Chain Management: An Empirical Study of Taiwan’s Computer Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Ching Liu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Electronics companies throughout Asia recognize the benefits of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM for gaining competitive advantage. A large majority of electronics companies in Taiwan have recently adopted the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC Code of Conduct for defining and managing their social and environmental responsibilities throughout their supply chains. We surveyed 106 Tier 1 suppliers to the Taiwanese computer industry to determine their environmental performance using the EICC Code of Conduct (EICC Code and performed Analysis of Variance (ANOVA on the 63/106 questionnaire responses collected. We test the results to determine whether differences in product type, geographic area, and supplier size correlate with different levels of environmental performance. To our knowledge, this is the first study to analyze questionnaire data on supplier adoption to optimize the implementation of GSCM. The results suggest that characteristic classification of suppliers could be employed to enhance the efficiency of GSCM.

  13. Determining supply chain management trends in the pharmaceutical industry / Mokgokong ElizabethTsoku

    OpenAIRE

    Tsoku, Mokgokong Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    For quality service, business management is continually evolving. This also applies to pharmaceutical business management from manufacturing to distribution and retail pharmacies. The main problem being faced is to work on the demand and supply challenges that are being faced by the pharmaceutical businesses and to build and optimize supply chain management in pharmaceutical business in South Africa. The main objective of this study sets to evaluate whether supply chain tren...

  14. Higher Power Supply Reliability of Agro-Industrial Complex (AIC Consumers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Rusan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the developed methodology that has been used for making calculations of main reliability indices for existing electric power supply circuits of AIC consumers. Some measures pertaining to provision of higher reliability are given in the paper. The paper contains calculations of changes in respect of reliability indices and reduction in cost of supply lost due to power supply interruptions in case of introduction of the proposed  measures.

  15. SUPPLY CHAIN RISK MANAGEMENT AND ITS MITIGATION IN A FOOD INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Diabat, Ali; Kannan, Prof. Govindan; Panikar, Vinay

    2011-01-01

    Abstract The food supply chain is the domain in this work which suffers a lot of uncertainty in its functioning. The paper discusses the various research works in the area of Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM). The main objective of the proposed work is to create a model which analyzes the various risks involved in a food supply chain with the help of Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) tool. The types of risks are clustered in five categories and the risk mitigation is discuss...

  16. A Supply chain performance measurement system: A Case study in automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Çapar, İsmail; Capar, Ismail

    2002-01-01

    Today's fierce market conditions drive companies to effectively evaluate their overall supply chain performance and identify improvement areas for gaining competitive advantages. In the last few decades, organizations have improved their internal processes by using initatives such as JIT, Kanban, Kaizen, and TQM. At the same time new methods and initiatives in the area of Supply Chain Management have forced organizations to improve not only their internal processes but also the supply chain t...

  17. A Supply chain performance measurement system: A Case study in automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Çapar, İsmail; Capar, Ismail

    2002-01-01

    Today's fierce market conditions drive companies to effectively evaluate their overall supply chain performance and identify improvement areas for gaining competitive advantages. In the last few decades, organizations have improved their internal processes by using initatives such as JIT, Kanban, Kaizen, and TQM. At the same time new methods and initiatives in the area of Supply Chain Management have forced organizations to improve not only their internal processes but also the supply chain t...

  18. Report of Defense Science Board Task Force on Industry-to-Industry International Armaments Cooperation. Phase II. Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    nations for the follow- (2) lo sophisticate the domestic industrial 1!g resos (a.aa.dpnsnfr strutur andto romoe itemai~~ sign countries for about 90% of its...will -remain 1.7 times that of 1977. heat, methane produced by fermenting Our second objective is to reduce the na- waste, wave power, wind power

  19. How can the Thai Foundation Garment Industry compete successfully in International Supply Networks?

    OpenAIRE

    Ngamdumrongkiat, Sumate

    2012-01-01

    The apparel industry is a significant income source for developing countries. Thailand is one of the largest textile and garment industries in South East Asia (Lotharukpong, nd) and it is the second most important industrial segment regarding to employment (SourceAsean.com, 2010). From the interviewing with TGMA, Thai Foundation garment industry is one of world-class industries in Asia and has potentially grown in the future. After the quota liberation in 2005, Thai foundation garment industr...

  20. Practicing supply chain management in the wine industry and recommendation to the wine industry in regards to improvement of the supply chain in the Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Kovacevik, Kristina

    2014-01-01

    Wine consumers in 21 century are very demanding in terms of the quality, price, delivery reliability and the total set of services they receive from the companies participating in wine industry. On the other hand, these companies are faced with increasing pressures imposed by global hyper competition to deliver quality wines with the right price, at the right time, at the right place and for the right costumers. In these market conditions, local markets are becoming too narr...

  1. Cross Cultural Logistics and Supply Chain Management Towards Organizational Effectiveness within the Asean/Thai Automotive Industries: A Sem Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dansomboon Suwaj

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available As a manufacturing, logistics and supply chain hub within ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Thailand holds the 12th spot in global vehicle production for an estimated 2,355 Thai and multinational automotive industry enterprises. Within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Thailand ranks number one in automotive production contributing $US11.4 billion to the Thai economy and 12 percent to Thailand’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product, with the automotive industry being Thailand’s leading export sector. However, the automotive companies envisage the difficulty of cultural diversity to manage and coordinate. Therefore, cultural values from the milieu are inducted into the workplace and have a strong impact on both individual behavior and organizational effectiveness and must be direction at all levels for cross-cultural, organizational effectiveness to be achieved. It also became evident that natural disasters are frequent and highly disruptive to the global automotive supply chain and paces must be taken to countervailing the notable and continuing loss to economic growth and organizational effectiveness to both sector units and the global industry. The implementation of strategically placed, environmentally ‘habituated’, automotive parts logistics cache might be one solution to the problem. Given the crucial importance of this sector to the economy of the region and the global supply chain, the researchers surveyed 220 managers using a 7-point Likert scale questionnaire within the multinational industrial clusters of Thailand’s ‘Detroit of Asia’ Eastern Seaboard region. Using Structural Equation Modelling to test the 11 variables on Logistics Management, Supply Chain Management and Organizational Effectiveness in a cross-cultural context, it was determined that collaboration within the supply chain and the exchange of information can reduce uncertainty, with trust being a key ingredient to a JV’s success

  2. IMPACT OF LINKAGES WITH SUPPLIERS AND CUSTOMERS IN SUPPLY CHAIN ON THE INNOVATION ACTIVITY OF FOOD INDUSTRY IN WESTERN POLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Dzikowski

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of a study which aims to determine the effect of the number of industrial vertical linkages and participation in the supply chain on innovation activity of food industry in western Poland. The main research hypothesis is the assumption that innovation processes in food industry are strongly determined by the intensity and nature of the linkages and membership in the supply chain. The scope of the survey relates to innovation in food industry, concerns innovation at the company level and takes into account the diffusion to the “new to the company”. Innovative activities are divided into three general groups including: expenditure on research and development and investments in fi xed assets not used so far (such as: buildings, premises and land, machinery and equipment, computer software, implementation of new products and processes, and innovative collaboration. The survey covers 422 industrial enterprises. The methodological part of the study uses probit modelling that enables to identify the probability of occurrence of innovation activity.

  3. The turbulent liquid fuel industry in Zimbabwe: options for resolving the crisis and improving supply to the poor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mashange, Krispen [Department of Energy, Harare (Zimbabwe)

    2002-09-01

    Towards the end of the last decade, supplies in petroleum fuel have been erratic to the extent that Zimbabwe has at times operated with as low as 40% of normal supplies. These shortages were attributed mainly to foreign exchange shortages and alleged mismanagement and corruption at the National Oil Company of Zimbabwe (NOCZIM). As shortages intensified, problems of product shortage began to unfold, which adversely impacted on the urban poor. The public began to question the industry's policies on the sustainability of the liquid fuel sector policies in Zimbabwe. Of particular concern was policies regarding regulatory mechanisms, pricing, distribution, utilisation of storage facilities, supply routes and NOCZIM management. This paper evaluates the challenges facing the Zimbabwean petroleum sector and presents recommendations that could assist in ensuring a robust and functional national fuel sector. (Author)

  4. Process modelling in demand-driven supply chains: A reference model for the fruit industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verdouw, C.N.; Beulens, A.J.M.; Trienekens, J.H.; Wolfert, J.

    2010-01-01

    The growing importance of health in consumption is expected to result in a significant increase of European fruit demand. However, the current fruit supply does not yet sufficiently meet demand requirements. This urges fruit supply chains to become more demand-driven, that is, able to continuously m

  5. Critical success factors for implementing supply chain information systems : insights from the pork industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Denolf, J.M.

    2014-01-01

    Critical success factors for implementing supply chain information systems – Janne M. Denolf Due to intensified competition, companies realize that they should closely collaborate with their supply-chain partners to further cut costs and stay competitive. To do so,

  6. Huge Pressure from Energy Supply and Overheated Investment——analysis of China's Petrochemical and Chemical Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Shiliang

    2007-01-01

    @@ The economic performance of China's petroleum and chemical industry is comprehensively decided by four major factors now: a. economy grows rapidly,boosting consumption demand; b. supply of energy and products consuming resources tends to be tighter; c. global crude oil price will continue to stay high,driving the production cost of its downstream products; d. the overly rapid increase of investment in fixed assets is difficult to control, so more and more products will face surplus production capacity.

  7. Identifying and ranking of strategies to implement green supply chain management in Indian manufacturing industry using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    OpenAIRE

    Sunil Luthra; Dixit Garg; Abid Haleem

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The study aims to identify and rank the major strategies that help achieve successful implementation of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) in Indian manufacturing industry.Design/methodology/approach – Strategies to implement GSCM have been identified thorough extensive literature review and then experts’ opinion is sought for categorizing them into four representative dimensions which are then ranked using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).Findings – The study categorizes the GSCM...

  8. Enabling information sharing by establishing trust in supply chains: A case study in the South African automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxanne Piderit

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The significant economic importance of the country’s automotive industry provided the context for this study. The success of the industry relies on the effectiveness and efficiency of the supply chain, which can be significantly affected by the strength of the supply chain relationships. The role of trust and information sharing in relation to two key theories was considered, namely: organisational information processing theory and game theory. Previous studies have recognised the importance of trust and information sharing in supply chain relationships and considered the effect of trust on information sharing, or the effect of information sharing on trust in a single direction. Thus, the potential cyclical relationship between the two factors has been largely ignored.Objectives: This paper explored the relationship between trust and information sharing in South African automotive supply chains, and establishes the importance of nurturing a cyclical relationship between these two factors. In addition, the role of information technology (IT in supporting this relationship was considered. By improving both trust and information sharing, the performance and competitiveness of the supply chain can be improved.Method: An examination of the effects of a lack of trust in a supply chain relationship, and the consequential lack of information flow, was conducted by means of a case study of an Eastern Cape-based automotive supplier. A case study research method was followed for this study, which made use of multiple data collection methods, including document survey and participant observations. The case selected is an East London based subsidiary of a larger multinational automotive component supplier to both local and international automotive original equipment manufacturers.Results: The findings led to the conclusion that the way forward for competitive supply chains is to build trust in the supply chain in order to improve information

  9. The Importance of Systems for Controlling Logistics Costs in the Supply Chain: A Case Study from the Slovenian Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastjan Škerlič

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Participating in the automotive industry brings new responsibilities for suppliers who, in order to meet customer demands, must strive towards improving business processes, while at the same time reducing costs. These demands can disrupt the operations of companies that do not have a system for controlling logistics costs. On the other hand, customer demands can be the cause of other types of disruptions in companies that have such a system in place, stemming from an excessive focus on cost reduction. To tackle this problem, a survey was conducted on a sample of 30 Slovenian companies that operate as suppliers in the automotive industry. Its objective was to determine how different customer demands along the supply chain can affect the business processes of suppliers and the level of logistics costs. The survey revealed that companies that use a system for controlling logistics costs experience fewer disruptions in their business processes in their efforts to satisfy customer demands. These companies also display a higher level of integration of business processes and use a different approach when dealing with the various participants of the supply chain. The survey also sets clear participation guidelines for suppliers in the supply chain of the automotive industry and points out how companies can benefit from using a system for controlling logistics costs in other ways, aside from the cost controlling aspect.

  10. Türk Savunma Sanayi Firmaları Vizyon ve Misyon İfadelerinin İçerik Analizi (The Content Analysis of Vision and Mission Statements in Turkish Defense Industry Firms)

    OpenAIRE

    Metin OCAK; Murat GÜLER; H. Nejat BASIM

    2016-01-01

    In this research, components used in mission and vision statements by Turkish Defense Industry Firms and their relations with national defense industry guidance documents are examined. For this reason 87 vision and 79 mission statements which mentioned on the web pages of 148 Turkish Defense Industry Firms’ are taken into consideration. A qualitative research design phenomenology was used and the data were analyzed through content analysis in this study. At the end of the analy...

  11. State of supply services for industrial hygiene and safety in Colombia Estado de la oferta técnica de servicios de higiene y seguridad industrial, Colombia, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Vicente Conde

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Introduction. Institutions that supply occupational health services must offer services that are reliable and of high quality across the spectrum of industrial hygiene and safety needs.
    Objective. Services for occupational health were identified at several institutions, and the technical quality and reliability of these services were compared in different regions of Colombia.
    Materials and methods. This descriptive study identified the services available for industrial hygiene and safety in 15 cities of Colombia. A survey was conducted in 192 institutions offering such services and a statistical analysis of these results was undertaken. This sample was taken from a nationwide list of institutions purportedly licensed for this activity.
    Results. Thirty-two percent (61 of the evaluated institutions provided hygiene services, and 48% (93 provided safety services. The range of health services was provided on a subcontract basis both for professional personnel and the equipment. Six institutions in the area of industrial hygiene and 1 in the area of industrial security were supplying services with pending or suspended institutional licenses.
    Conclusion. Deficiencies in the quality, infrastructure and levels of automation were identified at institutions that supply services of hygiene and industrial security. The resulting recommendatios are that the Ministry of the Social Protection fortifies mechanisms for (1 the evaluation and control of the supplied services, and (2 verify that the institutional activity is in accordance with current and valid licensing.

    Introducción. Las instituciones prestadoras de servicios de prevención de riesgos laborales tienen la función de ofrecer servicios técnicos y confiables en salud ocupacional, seguridad e higiene industrial.
    Objetivo. Identificar la oferta de servicios existentes respecto a la prevención de riesgos laborales (parte de higiene y seguridad industrial

  12. The Research on Integrated Strategy of Supply Chain Information Systems in the Automobile Industry Based on Order-To-Delivery Mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ming; Gan, Lianzhen; He, Xuefeng

    The automotive industry there are different degrees of impairment of many companies supply chain IT strategy. In this paper, in which the automotive industry supply chain management business cooperation between enterprises loose, poor exchange of information leading to the presence or delays in product customization, supply of raw materials, material control, production planning and control, sales and service and a fast response propose a series of typical problems of scientific and rational supply chain information integration strategy. The strategy through the development system integration platform, improve internal ERP system, implementation of supply chain management and other methods. Put some protection principles in the information process, to ensure the correct implementation of supply chain IT strategy, and ultimately achieve collaborative business development concept and enhance the automotive industry as a whole level of information.

  13. Modelling a flows in supply chain with analytical models: Case of a chemical industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benhida, Khalid; Azougagh, Yassine; Elfezazi, Said

    2016-02-01

    This study is interested on the modelling of the logistics flows in a supply chain composed on a production sites and a logistics platform. The contribution of this research is to develop an analytical model (integrated linear programming model), based on a case study of a real company operating in the phosphate field, considering a various constraints in this supply chain to resolve the planning problems for a better decision-making. The objectives of this model is to determine and define the optimal quantities of different products to route, to and from the various entities in the supply chain studied.

  14. Sustainable supply chain management : The influence of local stakeholder expectations in China's agri-food industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kao, Pao T.; Redekop, William; Mark-Herbert, Cecilia

    2012-01-01

    Multinational food processing corporations are facing rapid growth in emerging markets like China and a concurrent need for sustainable supply chain management (SSCM). These firms attempt to address supply risk and threat to the triple bottom line through managing suppliers and inputs, and at the same time need to overcome the uncertainty raised by the unfamiliar host environment. An exploratory qualitative case study of two multinational food processing corporations in China finds their SSCM...

  15. The Effects of Partnership Management on Supply Chain Cooperative Performance: A Case Study of High-Tech Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Mei-Ying; Chang, Yun-Ju; Weng, Yung-Chien

    2009-08-01

    With the structural change of global supply chains, the relationship between manufacturers and suppliers has transformed into a long-term partnership. Thus, this study aims to explore the partnership between manufacturers and suppliers in Taiwan's high-tech industry. Four constructs, including partner characteristic, partnership quality, partnership closeness, and cooperative performance, induced from previous literatures are used to construct the research framework and hypotheses. A questionnaire survey is then performed on executives and staffs involved in the high-tech industry. The proposed framework and hypotheses are empirically validated through confirmatory factory analysis and structural equation modeling. It is expected that the research findings can serve as a reference for Taiwan's high-tech industry on building partnerships.

  16. Ukrainian defense industry under economic sanctions is within the Russia's interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Andreyevich Mal’gin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective to analyze a correlation between the Russian and the Ukrainian militaryindustrial complexes MIC as well as to determine possibilities for product substitution under economic sanctions. nbsp Methods analysis and synthesis statistical abstract logic methods. Results аn interdependence of Ukrainian and Russian militaryindustrial complexes is revealed the role of economic sanctions as one of the important instruments and twoedged instruments of foreign policy is shown the means of acceleration of development of defenseindustrial complex of Russia are proposed. Scientific novelty the article proves that the Ukrainian defenseindustrial complex under economic sanctions represents serious threat to Russian militaryindustrial complex. The most effective ways of substituting the Ukrainian defense production by the Russian production are determined. Practical value the proposed measures for substituting the Ukrainian military production by the Russian production will under economic sanctions contribute to Russia39s further strengthening of militaryindustrial complex and the enhancement of operational capability of its armed forces. nbsp

  17. Economic Models for Projecting Industrial Capacity for Defense Production: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-02-01

    credited to Wassily Leontiev .’ The input-output model is a linear system which relates the activities of each industry in terms of a vector of purchases...business investment outlays, government purchases, and 1Wassily Leontiev , The Structure of the American Economy 1919-1939, 2nd Edition, Oxford University

  18. Application of an industrial gas supply system to a hydrogen water chemistry installation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lynch, D.; Kuberka, K.A.

    1988-01-01

    Equipment for a hydrogen gas supply and an oxygen gas supply was adapted to meet operating safety criteria for a hydrogen water chemistry (HWC) application at a boiling water reactor (BWR) plant. The oxygen and hydrogen gases are supplied by vaporizing cryogenic liquid drawn from storage tanks. Cryogenic storage tanks consist of an inner vessel supported within an outer vessel, with insulation in the space between vessels. The supports and product lines on the inner container are small and flexible for heat transfer and thermal flexibility considerations. Cryogenic storage tank systems inherently have low natural frequencies and must be analyzed for dynamic response to site seismic criteria. Equipment modifications to meet application criteria were made without compromising performance. The guidelines for HWC installations were supplemented by a comprehensive design safety review to assess the equipment safeguards required to control potential product releases.

  19. Determinants of supply chain coordination of milk and dairy industries in Ethiopia: a case of Addis Ababa and its surroundings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemma, Habtamu Regassa; Singh, Rajwinder; Kaur, Navjot

    2015-01-01

    Coordination of different business activities among units becomes vital as organizations pay much attention to their core activities. Thus, their fruitfulness constantly relies on their capacity to coordinate their internal and external activities in the supply chain outside their own boundaries. Giving consideration to these obvious reasons, this paper aims to investigate the determinants of supply chain coordination of milk and dairy industries. The data were collected from 330 milk suppliers, processors, and retailers in the central part of Ethiopia. The structural equation modeling has been employed to develop the structural relationship between key constructs and measured variables. In total, 15 measured variables for coordination in the supply chain have been identified. These are further grouped into four factors namely, non-price coordination, price coordination, relationships and product development decision. It has been observed that the implementation of these factors could maximize the coordination linkage among supply chain members. Thus, dairy sectors should take the identified coordination factors into account in each of their business dealings.

  20. Exploring the challenges associated with the greening of supply chains in the South African manganese and phosphate mining industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.I. David Pooe

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available As with most mining activities, the mining of manganese and phosphate has serious consequences for the environment. Despite a largely adequate and progressive framework for environmental governance developed since 1994, few mines have integrated systems into their supply chain processes to minimise environmental risks and ensure the achievement of acceptable standards. Indeed, few mines have been able to implement green supply chain management (GrSCM. The purpose of this article was to explore challenges related to the implementation of GrSCM and to provide insight into how GrSCM can be implemented in the South African manganese and phosphate industry. This article reported findings of a qualitative study involving interviews with 12 participants from the manganese and phosphate industry in South Africa. Purposive sampling techniques were used. Emerging from the study were six themes, all of which were identified as key challenges in the implementation of GrSCM in the manganese and phosphate mining industry. From the findings, these challenges include the operationalisation of environmental issues, lack of collaboration and knowledge sharing, proper application of monitoring and control systems,lack of clear policy and legislative direction, the cost of implementing GrSCM practices, and the need for strong leadership and management of change. On the basis of the literature reviewed and empirical findings, conclusions were drawn and policy and management recommendations were accordingly made.

  1. Labour market assessment of the offshore oil and gas industry supply and service sector in Newfoundland and Labrador

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-09-01

    The Petroleum Industry Human Resource Committee (PIHRC) commissioned this study in December 2002 to develop a profile of the labour demand and supply for the upstream production phase of the offshore oil and gas industry. Interviews with representatives from more than 45 countries in the offshore oil and gas sector in Newfoundland and Labrador were conducted. In addition, the results of a mail survey forwarded to an additional 42 companies were included along with a review of secondary labour market research. More than 340 positions were identified in the production phase in the study. Of these, approximately 80 were identified as difficult to recruit for a variety of reasons including: insufficient experience in the oil industry; occupational shortages; short-term or project employment opportunities; very limited employment opportunities and limited occupational supply; lack of specific occupational training programs; and additional projects possibly leading to occupational shortages. The study provided valuable input concerning future labour market and human resource planning and career counselling on the 340 positions previously identified. 10 tabs.

  2. New Patterns of Collaboration and Rivalry in the US and European Defense and Aerospace Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-19

    implications beyond Boeing. It will likely influence how Airbus moves forward on its A320 replacement effort, the A30X. For airlines, it means an even longer...wait until a 737 or A320 follow-on hits the market. For Boeing, the focus now switches to more fundamental research into aerodynamics, composites...the terms included in the Pentagon’s National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (NISPOM). Created by an executive order in 1995 and

  3. Department of Defense (DoD) and industry - a healthy alliance

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    This thesis explores the various practices and programs available throughout DoD to leverage resources and technology with industry. The collaborative methods of dual use technology and technology transfer and the contractual instruments that enable these methods and programs are discussed and evaluated where sufficient evidence permits. The most important programs are the Dual Use Science and Technology (DUSandT), Commercial Operations and Support Savings Initiatives (COSSI), Small Business ...

  4. Design of Multi-agent Supply Chain System to Support Quick Response in Textile-Apparel Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Qi

    2007-01-01

    Owing to the fast growth of global market, textileand apparel industries which are a typical seasonal businessare facing crucial challenges from both competitors andconsumers. In order to get survived, forming supply chainand utilizing the emerged technology to establish a quickresponse system become an important common practice forenterprises in terms of cost reduction and efficiencyimprovement. This paper presents a multi-ageat-basedintegrated framework for quick response in textile andapparel supply chain. By sharing information andcollaborating among chain partner, the multi-agent systemprovides a promising computing paradigm for quick responsebusiness processes. A prototype based on the proposedframework is implemented using ZEUS toolkit. It presentshow the proposed architecture is being designed to establishcollaborative business environment by providing dynamicquick response processes.

  5. The importance of business relations in the fish supply chain and export market distribution channels : the case of the Eritrean fish industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tsegai Habtom, Mesfin

    2006-01-01

    Dit proefschrift onderzoekt de visserij-sector in Eritrea. De belangrijkste vraagstukken die op dit moment in deze industrie spelen hebben betrekking op het functioneren van de supply chain en het export marketing channel. Zie: Samenvatting

  6. Supply Network Planning for New Product Market Entry in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Klaus Reinholdt Nyhuus; Grunow, Martin

    2011-01-01

    products have to be scrapped. We have developed an MILP supply network planning model, which sets time phased market entries and finds inventory levels and production volumes to balance fluctuating demand with fixed periodic production of the API. Our model is recourse-based and considers demand...

  7. The Impact of Supply Chain Integration on Firm Performance in the Pork Processing Industry in China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Han, J.; Lu, H.; Trienekens, J.H.; Omta, S.W.F.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – Supply chain integration (SCI) is one of the most distinctive dimensions in achieving long-term competitive advantage in the business world. Although considerable state-of-the-art studies regarding the SCI concept and its dimensions have been conducted, empirical research by using the data

  8. Factors Influencing Industry Uptake of Marketing & Supply Chain Innovations within the Australian Seafood Cooperative Research Centre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dentoni, D.; English, F.

    2012-01-01

    This study identifies factors influencing the Australian seafood industry’s adoption of marketing and supply chain innovations created from public-private funded research and development (R&D). A grounded theory approach was followed by comparing and contrasting the evidence from 35 projects fun

  9. Modularity in supply chains: a multiple case study in the construction industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, Hans; Meijboom, Bert; Haan, de Job

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this study is to assess the applicability of Fine's three-dimensional modularity concept as a tool to describe and to analyze the alignment of product, process, and supply chain architectures. Fine claims that the degree of modularity in the final output product has a one-

  10. Manufacturing Improvement Program for the Oil and Gas Industry Supply Chain and Marketing Cluster

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, Robert [Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK (United States)

    2016-09-28

    This project supported upgrades for manufacturing companies in the oil and natural gas supply chain in Oklahoma. The goal is to provide assistance that will lead to the improved efficiency advancement of the manufacturing processes currently used by the existing manufacturing clients. The basis for the work is to improve the economic environment for the clients and the communities they serve.

  11. Supply Chain Agility towards Global Outsourcing within Fast Fashion industry, a case study at Gina Tricot

    OpenAIRE

    Choudhury, Bhasker; Holmgren, Titi

    2011-01-01

    The turbulent and highly volatile market in the fashion industry creates swift changes in consumer demands. Globalization has been an important development and the Outsourcing of fashion products is also an integral part of the world of fast fashion industry. The suc-cess of fast fashion greatly depends on identifying a trend quickly and translating it into the market before the trend is over. This illustrates the importance of agility within fashion firms or organizations. Gina Tricot is one...

  12. Methodology for Supply Chain Integration: A Case Study in the Artisan Industry of Footwear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Raúl Pérez-Gallardo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The supply chain is a major issue in a global market. The efficient relationship between supplier-producer-retailer conforms the perfect combination to achieve a high level of competitiveness according to the needs of increasingly demanding and changing markets. The difficulty of synchronizing the members within the SC is related to the inherent uncertain factors. This paper proposes a methodology for integrating the supply chain that can be applied in any type of business. To demonstrate its relevance, a case study is performed at a handmade shoe company. An improved demand forecasting, an optimal balanced production line, a proper inventory management of raw materials, and an efficient calculation of the delivery time to the customer represent some of the main results.

  13. Supply and Demand Situation in Domestic Cobalt Industry May Come to a Turning Point

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    Multiple factors overlapped to bring opportunity to the cobalt business unit:Three factors of"Shrinking Supply"+"Growing Demand"+"Price Bottom"overlap to change market’s future expectation for cobalt products.As a big power of cobalt refining and cobalt consumption,China received obvious impact,relevant enterprises mainly include Huayou Cobalt,China Molybdenum,and GEM.

  14. Overhead Costs and Rates in the U.S. Defense Industrial Base. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-01

    171.0 25.0 1977 3F.9 124,4 3017 94. 82.3 67,4 68.3 26,6 167.5 20.0 :1. D 4’I - 49 o 494 cxizItIT XI T’OTAL LAOP COSTO AS A PERMC0IT ?or SAL9S 1 194...See Exhibit XXIII. Similarly, employment within the industry broke all prior and future records when it, peaked in 1968 at 418,000 persons or some...110,000 to 120,000 persons more than were employed in a peacetime work force in 1961. SMore significant than the peaking in the size of the total labor

  15. A discount ordering strategy in two-level supply chain: A case study of textile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laleh Tashakori

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Supplier selection, inventory management and optimal lot sizing has been one of the most important issues in many industries especially in production planning issues associated with texture industry. The proposed model of this paper first introduces an algorithm to choose the best supplier and it determines the optimal lot size using discount strategy. The proposed model of this paper considers different influencing factors such as location, quality of materials, cost, and mutual trust for supplier selection, determines their relative importance weights and then a discounting method is used to determine the ordering lot-size. The preliminary results indicate that the proposed model of this paper can be implemented in texture industry, very efficiently since the ordering discount policy is not sensitive to changes on inventory holding and setup expenditures.

  16. Assessment of heavy metals in the industrial effluents, tube-wells and municipal supplied water of Dehradun, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulshrestha, Shail; Awasthi, Alok; Dabral, S K

    2013-07-01

    The bio-geochemical cycles of metals involve the lands, rivers, oceans and the atmosphere. Although a large number of metals are introduced to the water bodies during their mining and extraction processes and geochemical weathering of rocks, but the role of domestic and industrial wastes is predominant and of much concern. Increased industrial activities has increased the incidence of percolation of toxic metal ions to the soil and water bodies and presently their presence in ecosystem, have reached to an alarming level that environmentalists are finding it difficult to enforce control measures. Human activities and large number of small and big industrial units are increasingly discharging deleterious metals present in the effluents and wastes, to the environment and aquatic systems and have contaminated heavily even the ground water. The toxic metals have a great tendency of bioaccumulation through which they enter the food chain system and ultimately affect adversely the life on this planet Earth in various ways. Further, due to contamination of irrigation system by the harmful Chemicals and toxic metals, the farm products, vegetables, fruits, potable water and even milk is not spared. This paper describes the assessment of the heavy metal concentration in various industrial effluents of the surrounding area. Various physico-chemical characteristics of the effluents collected from various sites are also reported. To assess the status of ground water quality, water samples from four tube wells of different localities of the area and four drinking water samples supplied by Municipal Distribution System were also analyzed.

  17. Process management in supply chains: a case study in a company of textile industry of the agreste of Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cícero Marcolino Pessoa de Sousa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The supply chain (SC integrates the process management of the target enterprise, providing a connection with their clients, suppliers and within itself. This type of management is dynamic and it covers the business processes that involve since the final consumer to the primary suppliers which provide products, services and information that generate value to the consumers and stakeholders. Given the importance of the integration of these processes on a SC, this paper’s objective is to elaborate a diagnosis to evaluate, and propose improvements relating to processes Management throughout the Supply Chain Management (SCM based on the model by Lambert et al. (1998 as well as through a SWOT analysis.  The present research has utilized a qualitative approach, adjusted to exploratory adapted to a case study applied on a company of the textile industry located on the wasteland region of Pernambuco state, and was conducted through personal interviews by the means of an elaborate questionnaire. The results show that there is a lack of process management models, which is a compromising factor to the efficiency of the processes involved on the SCM, as well as also show the need of formalization of the key-processes on the supply line.

  18. Migrant labor supply in a booming non-renewable resource economy: Cure and transmission mechanism for de-industrialization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nulle, Grant Mark

    This paper challenges the determinism that booming resource economies suffer from de-industrialization, the "Dutch Disease". For several decades, economists have attempted to explain how a sudden surge in mineral and energy extraction affects an economy's output and employment from an aggregate and sectoral perspective. Economic theory shows that a "boom" in mineral and energy production is welfare enhancing to the economy experiencing it. However, the phenomenon also induces inter-sectoral adjustments among non-renewable resource (NRR), traditional traded, and non-traded industries that tend to crowd out traditional export sectors such as agriculture and manufacturing. In turn, this paper asks two fundamental questions: 1) Can the inter-sectoral adjustments wrought by a boom in NRR production be mitigated in the resource-abundant economy experiencing it; 2) Can the inter-sectoral adjustments be exported to a neighboring non-resource economy by movements in migrant labor supply? The theoretical model and empirical estimation approach presented in this paper introduces an endogenous migrant labor supply response to booms in NRR output to test the extent traditional tradable sectors shrink in the NRR-abundant economy during the boom and if such effects are exported to a neighboring jurisdiction. Using data at the U.S. county level, the empirical results show that booming economies experience positive and statistically significant rates of real income and traded sector job growth during the boom, attributable to the influx of migrant labor. By contrast, little evidence is found that non-booming counties adjacent to the booming counties experience declines in income or job growth because of labor supply outflows. Instead, the results suggest the larger the number of potential "donor" counties that can supply labor to the booming economies, the more likely the transmission of booming economy effects, namely evidence of de-industrialization, is diffused across all of the

  19. MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT - LESSONS FOR THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tomislav Car; Ljubica Pilepic; Mislav Simunic

    2014-01-01

    ...) in the hospitality industry via mobile devices and mobile applications. The aims of this paper are to reflect on what mobile technology has to offer and to draw attention to the role of mobile applications and their use in the SCM...

  20. Factors Affecting the Supply of Strategic Raw Materials with Particular Reference to the Aerospace Manufacturing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    scale of production and technological-industrial problems, chromium, cobalt, hafnium , manganese, niobium, titanium, tungsten and vanadium are all...resources are likely to increase. While the raw materials specified (chromium, cobalt, hafnium , niobium, tantalum, manganese, molybdenum, titanium...are those based on aluminium , nickel, steel and titanium. In engine production nickel, steel and titanium are used respectively for the hot end

  1. Oil producing plants of the wildflora as potential crop plants supplying industrial raw material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radatz, W.; Hondelmann, W.

    1981-01-01

    The wildflora exhibits a continuously renewing potential for the production of chemical constituents suitable for industrial uses. Among them seed oil producing species assume a preferred position. Forty-two indigenous as well as adaptable taxa along with their botanical, agronomical and biochemical data are presented. Furthermore an approach to their domestication and agronomic improvement is given. (Refs. 158).

  2. Managing innovation in regional supply networks : a Dutch case of "knowledge industry clustering"

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rutten, R.P.J.H.; Batenburg, R.S.

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a case study on the collaboration between Océ, a large Dutch manufacturer of copiers and printers, and several of its lead suppliers within the so-called "knowledge industry clustering" (KIC) project. In 1993 Océ initiated this project to enable innovation by creating inter-organ

  3. Fuel supply of nuclear power industry with the introduction of fast reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraviev, E. V.

    2014-12-01

    The results of studies conducted for the validation of the updated development strategy for nuclear power industry in Russia in the 21st century are presented. Scenarios with different options for the reprocessing of spent fuel of thermal reactors and large-scale growth of nuclear power industry based on fast reactors of inherent safety with a breeding ratio of ˜1 in a closed nuclear fuel cycle are considered. The possibility of enhanced fuel breeding in fast reactors is also taken into account in the analysis. The potential to establish a large-scale nuclear power industry that covers 100% of the increase in electric power requirements in Russia is demonstrated. This power industry may be built by the end of the century through the introduction of fast reactors (replacing thermal ones) with a gross uranium consumption of up to ˜1 million t and the termination of uranium mining even if the reprocessing of spent fuel of thermal reactors is stopped or suffers a long-term delay.

  4. A TEACHING PROGRAM FOR INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY, THE WORLD OF CONSTRUCTION. (TITLE SUPPLIED).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Univ., Champaign.

    THE DAILY SCHEDULE IS GIVEN FOR THE INDUSTRIAL ARTS CURRICULUM PROJECT'S FIRST YEAR COURSE IN CONSTRUCTION. INFORMATION TOPICS AND ALLOTTED CLASSTIME ARE GIVEN FOR 170 DAYS OF INSTRUCTION. CATEGORIES IN THE SCHEDULE ARE -- (1) READING ASSIGNMENT, (2) WORKBOOK, (3) PRESENTATION, (4) DISCUSSION, (5) STUDENT ACTIVITY, (6) LAB MANUAL, (7) LAB…

  5. Analysing green supply chain management practices in Brazil's electrical/electronics industry using interpretive structural modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Kannan, Devika; Mathiyazhagan, K.

    2013-01-01

    that exists between GSCM practices with regard to their adoption within Brazilian electrical/electronic industry with the help of interpretive structural modelling (ISM). From the results, we infer that cooperation with customers for eco-design practice is driving other practices, and this practice acts...

  6. Performance management in the internal supply chain of an industry of equipment for refrigeration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emílio Della Bruna Junior

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Supply chains are complex, conflicting and uncertain management environments, where the best alternatives are usually not previously know, they need to be built based on the managers objectives. For this reason, its decision-makers have been looking for management tools that expand their understanding in order to identify which objectives best represent their values regarding the decision context. With this in mind, this paper aims to develop a Performance Evaluation Model for the operations of the internal supply chain of an organization of the refrigeration equipment sector. The study adopts a mixture of qualitative and quantitative approaches and applies them through a case study. The data collection was conducted through unstructured interviews with the decision-maker as well as specialists appointed by him and supplemented by documentary research. The applied intervention instrument is the Multricriteria Decision Aid – Constructivist (MCDA-C due to its capacity of expanding the knowledge in the decision-maker about the consequences of his decisions on the criteria that he deems critical to the success of the company. One of the results of this research was the identification of the objectives that, according to the decision-maker perception, should drive the alternative definition process, as well as their organization, ordinal and cardinal measurement and integration. In addition, it can be highlighted the current situation diagnosis and elaboration of improvement actions, where the implementation effects of the Lean Philosophy and an Advanced Planning System are evaluated. The main contributions made by the article resides in the proposal of solutions for fulfilling gaps identified within the Supply Chain Performance Evaluation area and in the application of the MCDA-C to a real case.

  7. Supply Chains in the Apparel Industry: Do Transnational Initiatives for Social Sustainability Improve Workers’ Situation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Meier

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Non-state driven Transnational Initiatives for Social Sustainability (TISSs have increasingly attempted to approach social issues like labour laws in global supply chains. The reason is that state-laws are territorially confined. But can TISSs contribute to effective solutions of issues on which they are focused? This examination presents a theoretical framework explaining the effectiveness of TISSs. For the empirical case study, the Business Social Compliance Initiative (BSCI and the Fair Wear Foundation (FWF were selected. Data was collected from expert interviews and documents. The results led to the conclusion that stakeholder-involving approaches are adequate to support social sustainability in the future.

  8. Skilled labour supply in the South African construction industry: The nexus between certification, quality of work output and shortages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abimbola O. Windapo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Construction human resource management.Research purpose: The study examines the skilled labour supply in the South African construction industry and determines whether there is a relationship between trade certification, quality of work output and scarce labour skills.Motivation for the study: The rationale for the investigation is based on the view of scholars that a skilled labour shortage is preponderant in the South African construction industry even though there is a high level of youth unemployment in South Africa and that the perceived skills shortage contributes to a decrease in productivity and product quality.Research design, approach and method: The paper reviews relevant literature and employs a mixed method research approach in collecting empirical data from contracting companies within the Western Cape Province of South Africa that are listed on the Construction Industry Development Board contractor register.Main findings: The study demonstrated that there is no shortage of manpower, but there is a shortage of qualified or skilled tradesmen, such as electricians, plumbers, welders, fitters and carpenters, whose professions are more technical and require formal training and certification. The level of supply of skilled tradesmen is attributed to the lack of high-quality basic education, the state of the economy, compulsory certification of tradesmen and an ageing workforce. It was also found that there is a significant relationship between skilled labour shortages and the requirement that labour be certified and that work output is unsatisfactory when there is no certification requirement.Practical/managerial implications: Based on these findings, the study concludes that skilled labour shortages and poor work output quality continue to be experienced in the South African construction industry when workers are unable to obtain formal certification for informal work experience acquired through years of practice on

  9. On the Circular Supply Chain’s Impact on Revenue Growth for Manufacturers of Assembled Industrial Products – a Conceptual Development Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Samuel; Knudby, Torben; van Wonterghem, Jacques

    considerable attention since the 1990s, the relationship between the circular supply chain and the firm’s revenue growth remains under-researched. Using revenue growth theory, this study examines how the use of circular supply chains can grow the revenue of manufacturers of assembled industrial products (e......Materials scarcity, legislative compliance, and cost savings opportunities drive firms to take back used products from their customers for reuse, recovery, and recycling. For this purpose, firms implement circular supply chains. Although academia has given circular supply chain related topics...

  10. HYBRID SUPPLY CHAINS IN EMERGING MARKETS: THE CASE OF THE MEXICAN AUTO INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.G. Cedillo-Campos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: A framework of analysis in order to analyse hybrid supply processes operating in an emerging market context is presented. A case study approach, based on abductive reasoning, is used with data collected through process mapping and interviews. The findings are that, under hypercompetitive conditions, the alignment between strategic and tactical sourcing strategies is a result of an integrative process of differentiated advantages that local suppliers can provide. Finally, it provides a detailed analysis of how supply networks and local conditions interact, about which only a small number of studies have been published.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: ‘n Ontledingraamwerk vir hibriede voerkanaalnetwerke in ‘n ontluikende markkonteks word voorgehou. ‘n Gevallestudie word gevolg op grond van prosesuiteensetting en onderhoude. Die bevindinge is dat onder hipermededingingstoestande, die belyning tussen strategiese en taktiese bronstrategieë die resultaat is van gedifferensieerde voordele wat deur plaaslike leweransiers voorsien kan word. Laastens word ’n gedetailleerde ontleding van die wisselwerking tussen voerkanaalnetwerke en plaaslike toestande voorgehou.

  11. E-procurement and automatic identification: enhancing supply chain management in the healthcare industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Alan D; Flanegin, Frank R

    2004-01-01

    The concepts of automated e-procurement, or electronic B2B (business-to-business) trade, are grounded in the strategic leveraging of both tangible/intangible assets for successful implementation and execution of electronic trade, resulting in significant financial benefits for firms. Some of the major reasons for this growth include significant process savings from automation, compliance, and purchasing advantage; and reduced costs that organisations can experience by conducting transactions electronically. Although these are the basic benefits associated with generic e-commerce strategies, a majority of these B2B transactions have focused on the purchase of indirect materials (especially office products and travel services). In fact, more than 93% of medical supplies on hospital shelves appear to have universal product numbers on them--at least while still in their boxes and there is a great potential for huge savings in e-procurement in the healthcare field. However, other types of supply chain-related purchases, including maintenance, repair, and operating and replacement parts, and direct material purchases, are becoming more important operational management considerations. In addition, several other key considerations are: existing procurement strategy, the vendor, technology, suppliers, and total costs of ownership. Companies need to analyse their current procurement strategy before developing an e-procurement plan.

  12. Motor systems energy efficiency supply curves: A methodology for assessing the energy efficiency potential of industrial motor systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKane, Aimee [Industrial Energy Analysis, Energy Analysis Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd. MS 90R4000, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Hasanbeigi, Ali, E-mail: AHasanbeigi@lbl.gov [China Energy Group, Energy Analysis Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd. MS 90R4000, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2011-10-15

    Motor-driven equipment accounts for approximately 60% of manufacturing final electricity use worldwide. A major barrier to effective policymaking, and to more global acceptance of the energy efficiency potential in industrial motor systems, is the lack of a transparent methodology for quantifying the magnitude and cost-effectiveness of these energy savings. This paper presents the results of groundbreaking analyses conducted for five countries and one region to begin to address this barrier. Using a combination of expert opinion and available data from the United States, Canada, the European Union, Thailand, Vietnam, and Brazil, bottom-up energy efficiency supply curve models were constructed to estimate the cost-effective electricity efficiency potentials and CO{sub 2} emission reduction for three types of motor systems (compressed air, pumping, and fan) in industry for the selected countries/region. Based on these analyses, the share of cost-effective electricity saving potential of these systems as compared to the total motor system energy use in the base year varies between 27% and 49% for pumping, 21% and 47% for compressed air, and 14% and 46% for fan systems. The total technical saving potential varies between 43% and 57% for pumping, 29% and 56% for compressed air, and 27% and 46% for fan systems. - Highlights: > Development of conservation supply curves for the industrial motor systems. > An innovative approach combining available aggregate country-level data with expert opinion. > Results show both cost-effective and technical potential for energy saving and their costs. > Policy implication of the results are briefly discussed.

  13. Mapping woody-biomass supply costs using forest inventory and competing industry data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stasko, Timon H.; Conrado, Robert J.; Labatut, Rodrigo; Tasseff, Ryan; Mannion, John T.; Gao, H. Oliver [College of Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Wankerl, Andreas [Innovation Interface, 126 Reach Run, Ithaca, NY 14850 (United States); Sanborn, Stephen D.; Knott, Gregory [General Electric Global Research, 1 Research Circle, Niskayuna, NY 12309 (United States)

    2011-01-15

    The goals of energy independence and sustainability have motivated many countries to consider biomass-based energy sources. The United States has substantial and increasing forest resources that could be used to produce both electricity and liquid fuel. However, these forest resources are highly heterogeneous in terms of the wood's properties, the logging cost, the spatial distribution, and the value to other industries. These factors make predicting costs and selecting plant locations particularly challenging. When dealing with forest biomass, feedstock cost and location have frequently been highly simplified in previous studies. This paper presents a methodology for combining highly resolved forest inventory and price data with records of competing industries to develop detailed maps of feedstock availability. The feedstock sourcing strategy of the proposed bioenergy plants is modeled by a cost-minimizing linear program, as is the feedstock selection of the competing mills. A case study is performed on the southeast United States. (author)

  14. Barriers to implement green supply chain management in automobile industry using interpretive structural modeling technique: An Indian perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Luthra

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM has received growing attention in the last few years. Most of the automobile industries are setting up their own manufacturing plants in competitive Indian market. Due to public awareness, economic, environmental or legislative reasons, the requirement of GSCM has increased.  In this context, this study aims to develop a structural model of the barriers to implement GSCM in Indian automobile industry.Design/methodology/approach: We have identified various barriers and contextual relationships among the identified barriers. Classification of barriers has been carried out based upon dependence and driving power with the help of MICMAC analysis. In addition to this, a structural model of barriers to implement GSCM in Indian automobile industry has also been put forward using Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM technique. Findings: Eleven numbers of relevant barriers have been identified from literature and subsequent discussions with experts from academia and industry. Out of which, five numbers of barriers have been identified as dependent variables; three number of barriers have been identified as the driver variables and three number of barriers have been identified as the linkage variables. No barrier has been identified as autonomous variable. Four barriers have been identified as top level barriers and one bottom level barrier. Removal of these barriers has also been discussed.Research limitations/implications: A hypothetical model of these barriers has been developed based upon experts’ opinions. The conclusions so drawn may be further modified to apply in real situation problem. Practical implications: Clear understanding of these barriers will help organizations to prioritize better and manage their resources in an efficient and effective way.Originality/value: Through this paper we contribute to identify the barriers to implement GSCM in Indian automobile industry and to prioritize them

  15. An industry perspective on the use of seasonal forecasts and weather information for evaluating sensitivities in traded commodity supply chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domeisen, Daniela; Slavov, Georgi

    2015-04-01

    Weather information on seasonal timescales is crucial to various end users, from the level of subsistence farming to the government level. Also the financial industry is ever more aware of and interested in the benefits that early and correctly interpreted forecast information provides. Straight forward and often cited applications include the estimation of rainfall and temperature anomalies for drought - prone agricultural areas producing traded commodities, as well as some of the rather direct impacts of weather on energy production. Governments, weather services, as well as both academia and private companies are working on tailoring climate and weather information to a growing number of customers. However, also other large markets, such as coal, iron ore, and gas, are crucially dependent on seasonal weather information and forecasts, while the needs are again very dependent on the direction of the predicted signal. So far, relatively few providers in climate services address these industries. All of these commodities show a strong seasonal and weather dependence, and an unusual winter or summer can crucially impact their demand and supply. To name a few impacts, gas is crucially driven by heating demand, iron ore excavation is dependent on the available water resources, and coal mining is dependent on winter temperatures and rainfall. This contribution will illustrate and provide an inside view of the type of climate and weather information needed for the various large commodity industries.

  16. Environmental Defense Fund Oil and Gas Methane Studies: Principles for Collaborating with Industry Partners while Maintaining Scientific Objectivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamburg, S.

    2016-12-01

    Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) launched a series of 16 research studies in 2012 to quantify methane emissions from the U.S. oil and gas (O&G) supply chain. In addition to EDF's funding from philanthropic individuals and foundations and in-kind contributions from universities, over forty O&G companies contributed money to the studies. For a subset of studies that required partner companies to provide site access to measure their equipment, five common principles were followed to assure that research was objective and scientifically rigorous. First, academic scientists were selected as principal investigators (PIs) to lead the studies. In line with EDF's policy of not accepting money from corporate partners, O&G companies provided funding directly to academic PIs. Technical work groups and steering committees consisting of EDF and O&G partner staff advised the PIs in the planning and implementation of research, but PIs had the final authority in scientific decisions including publication content. Second, scientific advisory panels of independent experts advised the PIs in the study design, data analysis, and interpretation. Third, studies employed multiple methodologies when possible, including top-down and bottom-up measurements. This helped overcome the limitations of individual approaches to decrease the uncertainty of emission estimates and minimize concerns with data being "cherry-picked". Fourth, studies were published in peer-reviewed journals to undergo an additional round of independent review. Fifth, transparency of data was paramount. Study data were released after publication, although operator and site names of individual data points were anonymized to ensure transparency and allow independent analysis. Following these principles allowed an environmental organization, O&G companies, and academic scientists to collaborate in scientific research while minimizing conflicts of interest. This approach can serve as a model for a scientifically rigorous

  17. The destabilization of the French electricity supply industry nascent competition in an open environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finon, D

    2001-06-01

    In February 2000 France, compelled by the 1996 European Directive 96/92, undertook a minimal reform of the organisation of its electricity industry, while preserving the boundaries of the incumbent company. The aim of this paper is to analyse the conditions of destabilization of the industrial organisation of the French ESI, by identifying the economic factors of endogenous and exogenous erosion. Firstly, after setting out the main elements of the French reform, which is aimed at making the electricity market contestable, the effectiveness of the ''contestability'' of the French power market is discussed. Secondly in order to test the stability of the new institutional arrangements, an institutional prospect is developed, on the basis of economic factors of instability and resistance, to produce two contrasting scenarios: one in which the particularly French model is retained (limited contestability market scenario); another in which there is movement towards a de-integrated competitive model (contamination by competition scenario). Thirdly the author concludes on the basis of recent elements, that the future would be a mix of these two trajectories which will come within in the progressive integration of the national markets in continental Europe. (A.L.B.)

  18. On construction of supply chain logistics in tobacco industry%论烟草供应链物流建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冰火; 禾木

    2014-01-01

    The necessity and importance of constructing supply chain logistics were readdressed in line with development need of tobacco industry by reviewing growth and advantages of supply chain management. Based on objective analysis of pressing issues, integrated measures towards constructing tobacco supply chain logistics were put forward with right strategic positioning as prerequisite, quality customer service as the core, lean management as focal point, advanced technology as strong support, building internet of things as breakthrough and professional and specialized operation as development direction.%阐述了供应链管理的兴起与优势,根据行业发展需求,重新审视了烟草物流的重要性和建设烟草供应链物流的必然性。按照供应链管理要求,客观分析了烟草物流亟待解决的问题,提出战略定位是供应链物流建设的前提,客户服务是供应链物流的核心,精益管理是供应链物流的重点,先进技术是供应链物流的支撑,物联网建设是供应链物流的突破,专业运作是供应链物流的方向的烟草供应链物流建设路径。

  19. GUARANTEEING THE TROUBLE-FREE OPERATION OF CAPACITOR BANKS IN POWER-SUPPLY SYSTEMS OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.A. Gapon

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The problem of resonance phenomena in power systems of industrial enterprises using capacitor banks for reactive power compensation was detected. Circuit of the capacitor banks tier to downshift main substation tires is present. But there is no common algorithm to calculate and avoid such trouble. The main goal of this article is to introduce some basics for power supply systems with possible resonant circuits engineering. Methodology. At the first step the data on the change of the current in the chemical company network when changing capacitor banks value are received. For these purposes the oscilloscope function of digital protection relay was used. Current data samples were analyzed by spectrum detection software. Most significant levels of the 3rd and 5th harmonics were achieved. Comparison of harmonic distortion levels with and without capacitor bank is given. Results. Achieved data allow making conclusion about overloading reasons of capacitor banks while higher harmonics currents presence. A voltage and current harmonious composition measuring in the absence of power quality analyzers using digital protection relay terminals or emergencies registers are proposed. The necessity of power quality monitoring near capacitor banks connections to avoid resonance phenomena (current and voltage resonance in industrial power supply systems is proven. The control algorithm of capacitor banks to provide electromagnetic compatibility, while various modes of nonlinear load operation is given. Originality. Using of digital protection relay oscilloscoping for current resonant detection can allow to significally reduce time and cost of solution. Replacement parallel circuit comprising a branch and one active-inductive load to another branch network in the presence of higher harmonics source are proposed. Practical value. A sequence for measuring the levels of harmonic components at the connections of capacitor banks in the absence of specialized

  20. Converting from ETO to radiation sterilization: Educating the medical supply industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedward, D. A.; Brinston, R. M.; Kotler, J.

    1995-02-01

    In this paper the authors examine some relevant factors influencing the conversion from ethylene oxide sterilization to gamma sterilization. Marketing tactics to promote and stimulate this activity are reviewed. TEAM GAMMA, an educational vehicle developed by Nordion International Inc. is described from the concept acceptance to the very positive results obtained. The structure of this multi disciplinary team of consultants is described. Topics presented by this team include sterilization basics, material compatibility, device design manufacturing and other aspects of the sterilization process. The authors conclude that assisting in the education of the medical device manufacturers regarding the conversion from EtO to gamma processing provides payback for Nordion and the gamma processing industry. This assessment is based on the results of the ten seminars presented to date.

  1. Converting from EtO to radiation sterilization: educating the medical supply industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bedward, D.A.; Brinston, R.M.; Kotler, J. [Nordion International Inc., Ontario (Canada)

    1995-10-01

    This paper examines some relevant factors influencing the conversion from ethylene oxide sterilization to gamma sterilization. Marketing tactics to promote and stimulate this activity are reviewed. TEAM GAMMA, an educational vehicle developed by Norion International Inc., is described from the concept acceptance to the very positive results obtained. The structure of this multi disciplinary team of consultants is described. Topics presented by this team include sterilization basics, material compatability, device design manufacturing and other aspects of the sterilization process. It is concluded that assisting in the education of the medical device manufacturers regarding the conversion from EtO to gamma processing provides payback for Nordion and the gamma processing industry. This assessment is based on the results of the ten seminars presented to date. (author).

  2. Enhancing Economic Sustainability by Markdown Money Supply Contracts in the Fashion Industry: China vs U.S.A.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin Shen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Supply chain contracts, such as the markdown money policy (MMP, are commonly adopted in the fashion industry. In this paper, we explore how fashion companies can use MMP to enhance economic sustainability from the cross-cultural perspective. We conduct case studies on two fashion firms (suppliers, one from China and one from U.S.A., that are adopting MMP in their respective supply chains. Via semi-structured interviews with staff members and some public data searching of the target companies, we find that the cultural factors, such as power distance and collectivism/individualism, affect contract selection, contract management, supplier–retailer leadership, and supplier–retailer relationship. We use the Hofstede’s national cultural dimensions theory to explain our insights. Specifically, in China, a country with a relatively high degree of power distance and collectivism, the companies tend to care more about the group interest and loyalty. The Chinese fashion companies are more willing to play the leading role in managing the relationships with their retailers, and offer MMP to them. In the U.S.A., a country with a relatively low degree of power distance and individualism, the companies are more likely to emphasize their own interest in trading. In fact, we find that American fashion suppliers tend to bargain with their retailers, and they are less willing to proactively provide the markdown money as a sponsor. Finally, managerial implications are provided, and several future challenges on MMP are examined.

  3. 装备制造业供应链管理优化%Equipment Manufacturing Industry Optimization of Supply Chain Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪楠; 王妍; 张炎

    2011-01-01

    The characteristics and superiority of the equipment manufacturing industry of supply chain are introduced. The model of the equipment manufacturing industry optimization of supply chain is discussed: implementing the supply chain management by taking advantage leading enterprises as the core, vendor management inventory as the means, and supply chain management service outsourcing as the goal.%介绍了装备制造业供应链的特点和优势。论述了优化装备制造业供应链管理的模式:实施以优势龙头企业为核心,供应商管理库存为手段,供应链管理服务外包为目标的供应链管理。

  4. 蜂产品行业供应链管理优化初探%Initial Exploring the Management Optimization of Industry Supply Chain of Bee Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚军; 冯浩然; 刘建平; 张杨; 吴杰

    2012-01-01

    蜂产品行业在供应链管理中存在原料供应不稳定和食品安全等问题,这势必影响到行业的持续健康发展.在分析中国蜂产品行业供应链现状、特点的基础上,提出强化企业对原料生产的参与,强调供应链管理中食品安全的核心地位,提高供应链管理的信息化水平等方式优化供应链管理.优化现有供应链模式对促进我国蜂产业长期、稳定、高速发展,具有重要意义.%There exist problems in bee industry supply chain management,such as unstable supply of raw materials and food safety. These issues are bound to affect the sustainable and healthy development of bee industry. On the basis of analyzing the status and characteristics of bee industry supply chain,this paper put forward several methods to optimize the bee industry supply chain management by strengthening enterprises participation in raw material production,emphasizing food safety as the core status in supply chain management,and improving informationization level of supply chain management. To optimize the existing supply chain is of important significance for promoting long period,stable and rapid development of bee industry in China.

  5. The Management of the Competitive Differentiation of Companies that Supply Electromechanical Equipments for the Oil Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. C. Rada

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Let us assume that the supplier ofelectromechanical devices for the oil industry hasalready selected its target market. When it is the onlysupplier for that market, it will be able to sell at a pricethat would bring it considerable profit. If the price istoo high and there are no entering barriers forcompetitors, the latter will penetrate the market andcause a lowering of the prices for theelectromechanical devices. When the same market isprovided by companies that produce non-differentiateddevices, buyers will choose the company that sells atthe lowest price. Consequently, the other companieswill have to lower the price as well. The onlyalternative for the supplier oil electromechanicaldevices is to differentiate its offer. If this action issuccessful, it will be able to practice a higher price,due to the superior quality that is being offered. Thereare four ways of defining an offer: the agent that sellsoil products can create value by offering products thatare [1]:- Better - the offer can better satisfy the needs ofcustomers than that of competitors, whichusually involves at least a minimumimprovement of the electromechanical device:- Newer – providing a solution that does not existso far, which implies a higher risk than in thesituation mentioned above, but can bring ahigher profit- Faster - the delivery time for anelectromechanical device is reduced- Cheaper – the product is identical with thatoffered by competitors, but the price is lower

  6. Regulating the Electricity Supply Industry in Nigeria. An Assessment of Consumer's Attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olawale Ibrahim Olateju

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The power sector is critical to the development of any country and Nigeria is no exception, incessant power outrage has been the bane of economic development in the country. For the past three decades, the power sector of the country has been plagued by a lot of problems ranging from low power generation and distribution, decaying facilities most of which were commissioned before and shortly after the country’s independence. The interaction of the electric power industry with climate is manifested both in the effect that severe weather has on the power system and through the contribution of electric power to the production of greenhouse gas (GHG and other pollutants.The paper examines and provides answers to (i the nature of consumers’ attitudes towards power consumption and (ii suggest ways of informing the consumers on the need to conserve power when not in use. This study was carried out in Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos State, south-west Nigeria. The findings show that 61 percent of electricity consumers’ agreed that rationing of electricity consumption would stabilized the electricity distribution, whereas 39 percent were not in agreement. The study also shows that about 90 percent of the consumers were not satisfied with the services being offered by the Government owned company, while the remaining 10 percent were satisfied. We suggest the authority take to prepaid method of electricity consumption and also intensify efforts to enlighten the public on the need to conserve power.

  7. A Collection-Distribution Center Location and Allocation Optimization Model in Closed-Loop Supply Chain for Chinese Beer Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Kang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Recycling waste products is an environmental-friendly activity that can result in manufacturing cost saving and economic efficiency improving. In the beer industry, recycling bottles can reduce manufacturing cost and the industry’s carbon footprint. This paper presents a model for a collection-distribution center location and allocation problem in a closed-loop supply chain for the beer industry under a fuzzy random environment, in which the objectives are to minimize total costs and transportation pollution. Both random and fuzzy uncertainties, for which return rate and disposal rate are considered fuzzy random variables, are jointly handled in this paper to ensure a more practical problem solution. A heuristic algorithm based on priority-based global-local-neighbor particle swarm optimization (pb-glnPSO is applied to ensure reliable solutions for this NP-hard problem. A beer company case study is given to illustrate the application of the proposed model and to demonstrate the priority-based global-local-neighbor particle swarm optimization.

  8. Calculation methods for air supply design in industrial facilities. Literature review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hagstroem, K.; Siren, K.; Zhivov, A.M.

    1999-09-01

    The objectives of air distribution systems for warm air heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning are to create the proper thermal environment conditions in the occupied zone (combination of temperature, humidity, and air movement), and to control vapor and air born particle concentration within the target levels set by the process requirements and/or threshold limit values based on health effects, fire and explosion prevention, or other considerations. HVAC systems designs are constrained by existing codes, standards, and guidelines, which specify some minimum requirements for the HVAC system elements, occupant`s and process environmental quality and safety. There is a variety of different methods consulting engineers use to design room air diffusion and to select and size air diffusers, such as assumption of perfect mixing, design methods employing the empirical relations determined through research, such as the air diffusion performance index (ADPI), air jet theory and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes. Air supplied into the room through the various types of outlets (grills, ceiling mounted air diffusers, perforated panels etc.), is distributed by turbulent air jets. In mixing type air distribution systems, these air jets are the primary factor affecting room air motion. Numerous theoretical and experimental studies that developed a solid base for turbulent air jets theory were conducted concurrently in different countries (Germany, Sweden, Russia, U.K., USA) from the 1930`s through the 1980`s. Design methods based on air jet theory allows for the prediction of extreme values of air velocities and air temperatures in the occupied zone of empty spaces. Current air jet theory techniques account for the effects of buoyancy, confinement, jets interaction. For many conditions of jet discharge, it is possible to analyze jet performance and determine: the angle of divergence of the jet boundary; the velocity patterns along heated or chilled the jet axis; the

  9. Green supply chain model for tungsten industry based on SCOR%基于SCOR的钨产业绿色供应链模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭频; 熊英

    2015-01-01

    我国是世界上钨资源储量、产销量、贸易量大国,实施绿色战略有利于解决钨产业发展过程中的环境影响和资源效率问题。文中在分析钨产业供应链基础上,从绿色供应链运作的原理出发,引入供应链运作参考(Supply Chain Operational Reference,SCOR)模型,构建了基于SCOR的钨产业绿色供应链模型,阐述了模型的构成要素以及各要素间的关系,以期为钨产业的可持续发展提供新的思考方向。%China leads the world in the quantity of tungsten reserves, productions and trade. Green strategy is helpful to solve the environmental and resource of tungsten industry. On the basis of the analysis of the tungsten industry supply chain and the theory of green supply chain operation , this paper establishes green supply chain model of tungsten industry based on SCOR (Supply Chain Operational Reference)model by expounding the components and the relationships among the elements of the model in order to provide new thinking pattern for the sustainable development of Tungsten industry.

  10. Failures’ Study of a New Character Three-Phase High Voltage Supply for industrial Microwave Generators with one magnetrons per Phase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Batit

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article treats the development of one of the equivalent electrical models for a single phase power supply for one magnetron; in particular that of its own high voltage (HV transformer newly dimensioned. This single phase system supplies a voltage doubler and current stabilizer circuit, which supplies a single magnetron. Then, by star connecting the three identical models of the single-phase power supply for one magnetron, we obtain a new character three-phase high voltage power supply for industrial microwave generators with one magnetron per phase. The simulation with EMTP (Electro Magnetic Transcients Program in nominal operation has given the theoretical results close to the experimental measurements. Finally, the magnetrons’ failure of the microwave generator was also treated and allowed to observe the interaction’s influence between magnetrons; also the regulation of the anode current has been achieved successfully.

  11. Proceedings of the Electronic Test Equipment Division’s Annual Program Review of ’Electronic Test Equipment Industry Response to Emerging Defense Requirements’ Held in Arlington, VA on 10-11 May 1984

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    J j ELECTRONIC TEST EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY RESPONSE TO EMERGING DEFENSE REQUIREMENTS TECHNICAL LIBRARY held at the Hyatt Arlington Hotel ...Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition Mangement KEYNOTE ADDRESS 13 LtG. Donald M. Babers, Deputy Commanding General for Material

  12. SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT: A CASE STUDY ABOUT APPLICABILITY OF SCOR MODEL IN A MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY FIRM

    OpenAIRE

    ERKAN, Turan Erman; BAÇ, Ugur

    2011-01-01

    The Supply Chain Operations Reference model (SCOR) is the product of the Supply Chain Council. The supply chain operations reference model (SCOR) is a management tool used to address, improve, and communicate supply chain management decisions within a company and with suppliers and customers of a company. The model describes the business processes required to satisfy a customer’s demands. It also helps to explain the processes along the entire supply chain and provides a basis for how t...

  13. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

  14. Türk Savunma Sanayi Firmaları Vizyon ve Misyon İfadelerinin İçerik Analizi (The Content Analysis of Vision and Mission Statements in Turkish Defense Industry Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metin OCAK

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this research, components used in mission and vision statements by Turkish Defense Industry Firms and their relations with national defense industry guidance documents are examined. For this reason 87 vision and 79 mission statements which mentioned on the web pages of 148 Turkish Defense Industry Firms’ are taken into consideration. A qualitative research design phenomenology was used and the data were analyzed through content analysis in this study. At the end of the analysis, it is identified that there are common 14 components in vision statements and 13 common components in mission statements. Also it is discovered that some of the components are relevant with components mentioned in the national defense industry guidance documents.

  15. Wall Street and the Pentagon: Defense Industry Access to Capital Markets, 1990-2010. An Annotated Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    The dynamic between profit margin and CFROI is unique to the defense business  model  and is important  to understand. Defense firms are subject to a...METHODE  PULSE  CTS  MOLEX  RADISYS  JABIL CIRCUIT  PARK  TRIMBLE  MERCURY  PLEXUS  TTM   Technology Hardware & Equipment  ADTRAN  EMS  POLYCOM  ARRIS

  16. Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasability of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perlack, R.D.

    2005-12-15

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are both strongly committed to expanding the role of biomass as an energy source. In particular, they support biomass fuels and products as a way to reduce the need for oil and gas imports; to support the growth of agriculture, forestry, and rural economies; and to foster major new domestic industries--biorefineries--making a variety of fuels, chemicals, and other products. As part of this effort, the Biomass R&D Technical Advisory Committee, a panel established by the Congress to guide the future direction of federally funded biomass R&D, envisioned a 30 percent replacement of the current U.S. petroleum consumption with biofuels by 2030. Biomass--all plant and plant-derived materials including animal manure, not just starch, sugar, oil crops already used for food and energy--has great potential to provide renewable energy for America's future. Biomass recently surpassed hydropower as the largest domestic source of renewable energy and currently provides over 3 percent of the total energy consumption in the United States. In addition to the many benefits common to renewable energy, biomass is particularly attractive because it is the only current renewable source of liquid transportation fuel. This, of course, makes it invaluable in reducing oil imports--one of our most pressing energy needs. A key question, however, is how large a role could biomass play in responding to the nation's energy demands. Assuming that economic and financial policies and advances in conversion technologies make biomass fuels and products more economically viable, could the biorefinery industry be large enough to have a significant impact on energy supply and oil imports? Any and all contributions are certainly needed, but would the biomass potential be sufficiently large to justify the necessary capital replacements in the fuels and automobile sectors? The purpose of this report is to determine

  17. B2B collaboration method through trust values for e-supply chain integrator: a case study of Malaysian construction industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ab. Aziz, Norshakirah; Ahmad, Rohiza; Dhanapal Durai, Dominic

    2011-12-01

    Limited trust, cooperation and communication have been identified as some of the issues that hinder collaboration among business partners. These one also true in the acceptance of e-supply chain integrator among organizations that involve in the same industry. On top of that, the huge number of components in supply chain industry also makes it impossible to include entire supply chain components in the integrator. Hence, this study intends to propose a method for identifying "trusted" collaborators for inclusion into an e-supply chain integrator. For the purpose of constructing and validating the method, the Malaysian construction industry is chosen as the case study due to its size and importance to the economy. This paper puts forward the background of the research, some relevant literatures which lead to trust values elements formulation, data collection from Malaysian Construction Supply Chain and a glimpse of the proposed method for trusted partner selection. Future work is also presented to highlight the next step of this research.

  18. Survey of US Department of Defense Manufacturing Technology Program activities applicable to civilian manufacturing industries. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azimi, S.A.; Conrad, J.L.; Reed, J.E.

    1985-03-01

    Intent of the survey was to identify and characterize activities potentially applicable to improving energy efficiency and overall productivity in the civilian manufacturing industries. The civilian industries emphasized were the general manufacturing industries (including fabricated metals, glass, machinery, paper, plastic, textile, and transportation equipment manufacturing) and the primary metals industries (including primary aluminum, copper, steel, and zinc production). The principal steps in the survey were to: develop overview taxonomies of the general manufacturing and primary metals industries as well as specific industry taxonomies; identify needs and opportunities for improving process energy efficiency and productivity in the industries included; identify federal programs, capabilities, and special technical expertise that might be relevant to industry's needs and opportunities; contact federal laboratories/facilities, through visits and other forms of inquiry; prepare formatted profiles (descriptions) potentially applicable work efforts; review findings with industry; and compile and evaluate industry responses.

  19. Analysis of Influence of Supply Chain Finance on TPL Industry%供应链金融对第三方物流业的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕; 孙江斌

    2013-01-01

    在分析供应链金融概念及其在我国发展状况的基础上,对国内外第三方物流企业供应链金融业务的差别进行了归纳,重点从技术发展、管理水平提升和行业整合三方面论述了供应链金融对第三方物流业的影响。%In this paper, on the basis of an analysis of the concept and current developmental status of supply chain finance in China, we summarized the difference between the supply chain finance businesses of TPL enterprises from China and the ones from overseas and then discussed the influence supply chain finance had on the third party logistics industry from the aspects of technical development, management level and industrial integration.

  20. Nutrient supply and simulated herbivory differentially influence the content and the potential effectiveness of glucosinolate-based defense system in brassica species

    Science.gov (United States)

    • Environmental stresses often result in upregulation of defense metabolism in plants. However, the dynamics of nitrogen-containing defense compounds that could be remobilized for maintenance-metabolism is less predictable under stress. Even less known is the impact of nutrient deficiency on the eff...

  1. Supply chain integration in the building industry: The emergence of integrated and repetitive strategies in a fragmented and project-driven industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vrijhoef, R.

    2011-01-01

    The building industry is a fragmented and project-driven industry with specific characteristics, which can sometimes result in negative effects. Reference has often been made to other industries, particularly manufacturing, that would function more effectively and efficiently. Major differences

  2. Supply Security of Natural Rubber Industry%天然橡胶产业供给安全研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江军; 方佳

    2011-01-01

    以环境要求相类似的橡胶、木薯、甘蔗、油棕为例,在探讨以上作物环境适应性和产量变化的基础上,对世界各主要产胶国的种植选择做出总结,提出中国天然橡胶产业供给安全对策,包括从政策上加大对小胶园的改造管理与扶持力度,进一步加大力度实施天然橡胶良种补贴,对天然橡胶实行指导价收购政策,建立胶农合作社,加强天然橡胶种植区域的基础设施建设等。%A case study about tropical energy crops with similar environment adaptability to natural rubber,like cassava,sugar cane and oil palm.Based on environment adaptability and production history research,then made summaries towards cultivation choice for the main natural rubber production countries world,and finally supply security policies of natural rubber industry in China were put forward,include support to small farm from policy level,allowance to improved variety,purchasing at threshold price,establishment of farmers co-op and construction of infrastructure.

  3. Effects of some industrial cogeneration-options on the energy supply of the Netherlands. Evaluation based on the energy model SELPE for the project 'Cogeneration'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boonekamp, P.G.M.

    1983-05-01

    Considered are the effects of industrial cogeneration on a national Netherlands scale ('WKK'-study). Use is made of the energy model SELPE for the Netherlands energy supply in the year 2000 according to SELPE calculations for the 'EZ/Referentiescenario'. Given is a description of industrial cogeneration according to modelling along the lines of SELPE. Treated is the difference between the WKK-study and SELPE for determination of financial attractivity of industrial cogeneration. Sensitivity analyses are given for the cost advantages of different specifications of cogeneration systems and several reference systems for electricity and heat production. Described is a number of effects on the energy supply of industral cogeneration (energy consumption, costs, emissions).

  4. Supply chain management and economic valuation of real options in the natural gas and liquefied natural gas industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mulan Xiaofeng

    My dissertation concentrates on several aspects of supply chain management and economic valuation of real options in the natural gas and liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry, including gas pipeline transportations, ocean LNG shipping logistics, and downstream storage. Chapter 1 briefly introduces the natural gas and LNG industries, and the topics studied in this thesis. Chapter 2 studies how to value U.S. natural gas pipeline network transport contracts as real options. It is common for natural gas shippers to value and manage contracts by simple adaptations of financial spread option formulas that do not fully account for the implications of the capacity limits and the network structure that distinguish these contracts. In contrast, we show that these operational features can be fully captured and integrated with financial considerations in a fairly easy and managerially significant manner by a model that combines linear programming and simulation. We derive pathwise estimators for the so called deltas and structurally characterize them. We interpret them in a novel fashion as discounted expectations, under a specific weighing distribution, of the amounts of natural gas to be procured/marketed when optimally using pipeline capacity. Based on the actual prices of traded natural gas futures and basis swaps, we show that an enhanced version of the common approach employed in practice can significantly underestimate the true value of natural gas pipeline network capacity. Our model also exhibits promising financial (delta) hedging performance. Thus, this model emerges as an easy to use and useful tool that natural gas shippers can employ to support their valuation and delta hedging decisions concerning natural gas pipeline network transport capacity contracts. Moreover, the insights that follow from our data analysis have broader significance and implications in terms of the management of real options beyond our specific application. Motivated by current developments

  5. Arms Industries: New Suppliers and Regional Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Paulo for providing me with valuable in- formation and insights about Brazil’s defense industries. Likewise, the faculty and staff at Escuela Superior...region and beyond. For example, Argentina has exhibited a national security interest in Bolivia. In pursuing its aims, Argentina has supplied La Paz

  6. Putative sugar transporters of the mustard leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae: their phylogeny and role for nutrient supply in larval defensive glands.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Stock

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Phytophagous insects have emerged successfully on the planet also because of the development of diverse and often astonishing defensive strategies against their enemies. The larvae of the mustard leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae, for example, secrete deterrents from specialized defensive glands on their back. The secretion process involves ATP-binding cassette transporters. Therefore, sugar as one of the major energy sources to fuel the ATP synthesis for the cellular metabolism and transport processes, has to be present in the defensive glands. However, the role of sugar transporters for the production of defensive secretions was not addressed until now. RESULTS: To identify sugar transporters in P. cochleariae, a transcript catalogue was created by Illumina sequencing of cDNA libraries. A total of 68,667 transcripts were identified and 68 proteins were annotated as either members of the solute carrier 2 (SLC2 family or trehalose transporters. Phylogenetic analyses revealed an extension of the mammalian GLUT6/8 class in insects as well as one group of transporters exhibiting distinctive conserved motifs only present in the insect order Coleoptera. RNA-seq data of samples derived from the defensive glands revealed six transcripts encoding sugar transporters with more than 3,000 counts. Two of them are exclusively expressed in the glandular tissue. Reduction in secretions production was accomplished by silencing two of four selected transporters. RNA-seq experiments of transporter-silenced larvae showed the down-regulation of the silenced transporter but concurrently the up-regulation of other SLC2 transporters suggesting an adaptive system to maintain sugar homeostasis in the defensive glands. CONCLUSION: We provide the first comprehensive phylogenetic study of the SLC2 family in a phytophagous beetle species. RNAi and RNA-seq experiments underline the importance of SLC2 transporters in defensive glands to achieve a chemical defense

  7. Matching agricultural freshwater supply and demand: using industrial and domestic treated wastewater for sub-irrigation purposes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartholomeus, Ruud; van den Eertwegh, Gé; Worm, Bas; Cirkel, Gijsbert; van Loon, Arnaut; Raat, Klaasjan

    2017-04-01

    Agricultural crop yields depend largely on soil moisture conditions in the root zone. Climate change leads to more prolonged drought periods that alternate with more intensive rainfall events. With unaltered water management practices, reduced crop yield due to drought stress will increase. Therefore, both farmers and water management authorities search for opportunities to manage risks of decreasing crop yields. Available groundwater sources for irrigation purposes are increasingly under pressure due to the regional coexistence of land use functions that are critical to groundwater levels or compete for available water. At the same time, treated wastewater from industries and domestic wastewater treatment plants are quickly discharged via surface waters towards sea. Exploitation of these freshwater sources may be an effective strategy to balance regional water supply and agricultural water demand. We present results of two pilot studies in drought sensitive regions in the Netherlands, concerning agricultural water supply through reuse of industrial and domestic treated wastewater. In these pilots, excess wastewater is delivered to the plant root zone through sub-irrigation by drainage systems. Sub-irrigation is a subsurface irrigation method that can be more efficient than classical, aboveground irrigation methods using sprinkler installations. Domestic wastewater treatment plants in the Netherlands produce annually 40-50mm freshwater. A pilot project has been setup in the eastern part of the Netherlands, in which treated wastewater is applied to a corn field by sub-irrigation during the growing seasons of 2015 and 2016, using a climate adaptive drainage system. The chemical composition of treated domestic wastewater is different from infiltrating excess rainfall water and natural groundwater. In the pilot project, the bromide-chloride ratio and traces of pharmaceuticals in the treated wastewater are used as a tracer to describe water and solute transport in the

  8. Fate of Fusarium mycotoxins in the cereal product supply chain: the deoxynivalenol (DON) case within industrial bread-making technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergamini, E; Catellani, D; Dall'asta, C; Galaverna, G; Dossena, A; Marchelli, R; Suman, M

    2010-05-01

    Fusarium mycotoxins are a relevant problem in the cereal supply chain at a worldwide level, with wheat, maize and barley being the main contaminated crops. Mould growth can happen in the pre-harvest phase and also during transport and storage due to ineffective drying conditions. Among Fusarium toxins, deoxynivalenol (DON) is considered the most important contaminant in wheat due to its widespread occurrence. In the last years the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Commission have frequently expressed opinions on Fusarium toxins, setting limits, regulations and guidelines in order to reduce their levels in raw materials and food commodities. In particular, European legislation (Reg. 1881/2006) sets the maximum limit for DON in flour and bread as 750 and 500 microg kg(-1) respectively. Relatively few studies have taken into account the loss of trichothecenes during processing, focusing on how processing factors may influence their degradation. In particular, the description of DON behaviour during bread-making is very difficult, since complex physico-chemical modifications occur during the transformation of the raw ingredients into the final product. In the present study, we studied how DON concentration may be influenced by modifying bread-making parameters, with a special emphasis on the fermentation and baking stages, starting from a naturally contaminated flour at both pilot and industrial scales. Exploiting the power of a Design of Experiments (DoE) approach to consider the great complexity of the studied system, the obtained model shows satisfying goodness-of-fit and prediction, suggesting that the baking step (time/temperature ranges) is crucial for minimizing native DON level in bread.

  9. Study on Logistics Mode of Catering Industry in Industrial Cluster Supply Chain Environment%产业集群供应链背景下的餐饮业物流模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾丽婷

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, through introducing the low-carbon supply chain mode, we proposed the logistics development mode of the low-carbon catering industry in the industrial cluster supply chain environment on the basis of an analysis of the catering industry, and then analyzed its specifics.%通过对底单供应链模式的阐述,在对餐饮行业特点分析的基础上提出了产业集群供应链背景下低碳餐饮产业的物流发展模式,并对这种模式进行了分析。

  10. The Uncertainties and Supply Chain Risk Management in Developing Country: An Empirical Investigation into Beverage Industry in Thailand Thitiya

    OpenAIRE

    Patarakosol, Thitiya

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays there are high competitive pressures to perform in any type of business since there are trends of varieties of product types, short life cycle products, growing outsourcing and globalization of business. These factors result in increasing complexity of the supply chain network and a higher level of uncertainties and supply chain disruption risks. Thus, supply chain risk management is increasing in significance and is used to mitigate the risks that may occur. Also, previous studies o...

  11. Supply chain integration in the building industry: The emergence of integrated and repetitive strategies in a fragmented and project-driven industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vrijhoef, R.

    2011-01-01

    The building industry is a fragmented and project-driven industry with specific characteristics, which can sometimes result in negative effects. Reference has often been made to other industries, particularly manufacturing, that would function more effectively and efficiently. Major differences betw

  12. An assessment of Turkish Defense Industry and Turkey's efforts to transfer military technology: strategies for arming the future

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    The end of the cold war has created a safer environment for most nations and reduced the need for fielding huge armed forces and vast investments for defense. However, due to her very special strategic position and historical responsibilities, Turkey still faces a range of substantial threats to its national interests, physical security, economic well being. These threats require the maintenance of a broad set of military capabilities in order to deter, and if necessary, to fight and win any ...

  13. The role of fairness in governing supply chain collaborations. A case-study in the Dutch floriculture industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, G.R.; Man, A.P. de; Quak, H.J.

    2015-01-01

    Supply chain collaboration, in which two or more autonomous firms work together to plan and execute supply chain operations, is becoming ever more important to remain competitive in business. Yet, through collaboration concerns arise about whether the benefits and risks of collaboration are split in

  14. A Causal Relationship between Quality Management Practices, Supply-Chain Practices, Demand-Chain Practices, and Company Performance: Evidence from the Indonesia’s Oil and Gas Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ciptono, Wakhid Slamet

    2015-01-01

    Studi ini mengembangkan suatu hubungan kausal antara lima konstruk penelitian QualityManagement Practices (QMP), Supply-Chain Practices (SCP), Demand-Chain Practices (DCP), CompanyPerformance (Value-Gain Performance atau VGP dan Monetary-Gain Performance atau MGP) denganmenggunakan Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)—studi kasus pada industri migas di Indonesia. Modelkonseptual penelitian ini merupakan kolaborasi dari berbagai penelitian sebelumnya yang terkait denganenam dimensi praktik manaj...

  15. Advancing Malaysia’s Aerospace Industry: A Review of Governing Behaviors Required in Overcoming the Barriers in Global Aerospace Supply Chain Integration

    OpenAIRE

    David A. Jones

    2006-01-01

    The global aerospace manufacturing industry is defined by original equipment manufacturers (OEM’s) consisting of major manufacturers of aircraft or aircraft systems as well as their principal and sub-tier suppliers. It is dominated by large manufacturers known as primes supported by system integrators and numerous component, parts and material suppliers. These are focused on meeting the diverse and differing capital equipment needs of these sectors. These supply products and services in direc...

  16. Analysis of residential, industrial and commercial sector responses to potential electricity supply constraints in the 1990s

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisher, Z.J.; Fang, J.M.; Lyke, A.J.; Krudener, J.R.

    1986-09-01

    There is considerable debate over the ability of electric generation capacity to meet the growing needs of the US economy in the 1990s. This study provides new perspective on that debate and examines the possibility of power outages resulting from electricity supply constraints. Previous studies have focused on electricity supply growth, demand growth, and on the linkages between electricity and economic growth. This study assumes the occurrence of electricity supply shortfalls in the 1990s and examines the steps that homeowners, businesses, manufacturers, and other electricity users might take in response to electricity outages.

  17. Discussing and evaluating green supply chain suppliers: a case study of the printed circuit board industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiann-Jong Guo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Green supply-chain management is a novel idea that incorporates the concept of environmental protection into traditional supply-chain management in order to reduce environmental risks and impact. This study developed criteria for evaluating green suppliers on the basis of the green supply chain. The Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL method was adopted to investigate the criteria for evaluating green suppliers, to explore inter criterion causal relationships and levels of mutual influence, and finally to discuss the mechanism for evaluating green suppliers, as well as the methods for selecting them.

  18. The Analysis of Orders of Perishable Goods in Relation to the Bullwhip Effect in the Logistic Supply Chain of the Food Industry: a Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chocholáč, Jan; Průša, Petr

    2016-12-01

    The bullwhip effect generally refers to the phenomenon where order variability increases as the orders move upstream in the supply chain. It is serious problem for every member of the supply chain. This effect begins at customers and passes through the chain to producers, which are at the end of the logistic chain. Especially food supply chains are affected by this issue. These chains are unique for problems of expiration of goods (particularly perishable goods), variable demand, orders with quantity discounts and effort to maximize the customer satisfaction. This paper will present the problem of the bullwhip effect in the real supply chain in the food industry. This supply chain consists of approximately 350 stores, four central warehouses and more than 1000 suppliers, but the case study will examine 87 stores, one central warehouse and one supplier in 2015. The aim of this paper is the analysis of the order variability between the various links in this chain and confirmation of the bullwhip effect in this chain. The subject of the analysis will be perishable goods.

  19. Services Supply Chain in the Department of Defense: Comparison and Analysis of Acquisition Management in the Army, Navy, and Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    product-based manufacturing models; and Schiele and McCue (2006) studied the acquisition of consulting services in public sector. Although these and...2008). Management of defense acquisition projects. Reston, VA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Schiele , J.J., & McCue, C.P

  20. Biomass as feedstock for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry: The technical feasibility of a billion-ton annual supply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perlack, Robert D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Wright, Lynn L. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Turhollow, Anthony F. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Graham, Robin L. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Stokes, Bryce J. [U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. (United States); Erbach, Donald C. [U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. (United States)

    2005-04-01

    The purpose of this report is to determine whether the land resources of the United States are capable of producing a sustainable supply of biomass sufficient to displace 30% or more of the country's present petroleum consumption.

  1. A practical approach to implementing CSR in the electronics industry: global supply chain management focusing on corporate social responsibility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jamieson, S.; Rice, G. [Panasonic Mobile Communication Development of Europe (PMCDE) (United Kingdom); Hilbron, R. [Vodafone Group Plc (United Kingdom); Clift, R.; Wehrmeyer, W. [Centre for Environmental Strategy, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)

    2004-07-01

    This paper covers a co-operative investigation undertaken by Vodafone Plc and Panasonic Mobile Communications (PMC); applying Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) principles in an actual assessment of the supply chain. Together, we carried out an informal CSR assessment on a Panasonic mobile phone handset manufacturing facility in the Philippines. CSR issues vary with geographical and cultural region. By researching CSR concerns typically encountered in the region, focal points of business performance for the Philippines investigation were identified. These are detailed in the paper. A key benefit from this assessment was the increased understanding of the management of the indirect CSR issues within the supply chain. This understanding is essential when developing a system for CSR supply-chain management. This paper will describe this exercise and its findings and will suggest future steps necessary to successfully integrate CSR principles though the global supply chain. (orig.)

  2. Identification and Prioritization of Supply Chain Risks in Automotive Industries Using Fuzzy Analytic Network Approach: A Case Study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fatemeh Parsamehr

    2016-01-01

    Supply chains are constantly exposed to various risks. An incident or uncertain event, which, in case of happening, has positive or negative effects on the objectives of a project, is called a risk...

  3. Application of solar energy to the supply of industrial process hot water. Aerotherm final report, 77-235. [Can washing in Campbell Soup plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-01-01

    The objectives of the Solar Industrial Process Hot Water Program are to design, test, and evaluate the application of solar energy to the generation and supply of industrial process hot water, and to provide an assessment of the economic and resource benefits to be gained. Other objectives are to stimulate and give impetus to the use of solar energy for supplying significant amounts of industrial process heat requirements. The plant selected for the design of a solar industrial process hot water system was the Campbell Soup facility in Sacramento, California. The total hot water demand for this plant varies between 500 and 800 gpm during regular production shifts, and hits a peak of over 1,000 gpm for approximately one hour during the cleanup shift. Most of the hot water is heated in the boiler room by a combination of waste heat recovery and low pressure (5 psi) steam-water heat exchangers. The hot water emerges from the boiler room at a temperature between 160/sup 0/F and 180/sup 0/F and is transported to the various process areas. Booster heaters in the process areas then use low pressure (5 psi) or medium pressure (20 psi) steam to raise the temperature of the water to the level required for each process. Hot water is used in several processes at the Campbell Soup plant, but the can washing process was selected to demonstrate the feasibility of a solar hot water system. A detailed design and economic analysis of the system is given. (WHK)

  4. Total Cost of Ownership for Supply Chain Management: A Case Study in an OEM of the Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso, Paulo

    2012-01-01

    Part VI: Services, Supply Chains and Operations; International audience; The selection of the best suppliers is a key issue for many companies. Nevertheless, it is important to highlight that the most economical supplier may not be the one that has the lowest purchase price. The cheapest supplier is the one that represents the lowest cost to the company, after being considered various aspects of supplying, such as quality, reliability of deliveries, the history of supplier performance, its lo...

  5. The application of system dynamics and discrete event simulation in supply chain management of Swedish manufacturing industries

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmadi, Mansour

    2012-01-01

    Increasing competition from traditional and emerging channels has placed new emphasis on rapid innovation and continuous differentiation in every aspect of supply chain, from earliest production stage to the final distribution steps. To bridge the gap between brilliant ideas and successful business initiatives, leading companies implement engineering simulation particularly in logistics and supply chain management (LSCM). Discrete event simulation (DES) and system dynamics (SD) are two modeli...

  6. Russia Defense Industry Technology Integrating the Armed Forced Financial Sapport Practice%俄罗斯国防工业技术“寓军于民”金融支持实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范肇臻

    2012-01-01

    Russia's defense industry vigorously promote the integration of defense industry enterprises, the formation of large defense enterprise groups to enhance international competitiveness. While stressing the need in the first meeting under the premise of national defense, the establishment of military and civilian industrial system integration, construction of civil-military integration has achieved initial success. At the same time national policies tend to be on the defense industry to support various forms of financing, its practical experience have implications for China.%俄罗斯大力推行国防科技工业企业一体化,通过组建大型国防企业集团,增强国防科技工业的国际竞争力,并在电子技术和信息技术等领域采取了许多有效的措施。同时国家政策倾向于对国防工业进行各种形式的融资支持。俄罗斯的实践经验对中国发展国防工业有所启示。

  7. Green Component Procurement Collaboration for Improving Supply Chain Management in the High Technology Industries: A Case Study from the Systems Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min-Ren Yan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The impacts of high technology industries have been growing increasingly to technological innovations and global economic developments, while the concerns in sustainability are calling for facilitating green materials and cleaner production in the industrial value chains. Today’s manufacturing companies are not striving for individual capacities but for the effective working with green supply chains. However, in addition to environmental and social objectives, cost and economic feasibility has become one of the most critical success factors for improving supply chain management with green component procurement collaboration, especially for the electronics OEM (original equipment manufacturing companies whose procurement costs often make up a very high proportion of final product prices. This paper presents a case study from the systems perspective by using System Dynamics simulation analysis and statistical validations with empirical data. Empirical data were collected from Taiwanese manufacturing chains—among the world’s largest manufacturing clusters of high technology components and products—and their global green suppliers to examine the benefits of green component procurement collaborations in terms of shared costs and improved shipping time performance. Two different supply chain collaboration models, from multi-layer ceramic capacitor (MLCC and universal serial bus 3.0 (USB 3.0 cable procurements, were benchmarked and statistically validated. The results suggest that the practices of collaborative planning for procurement quantity and accurate fulfillment by suppliers are significantly related to cost effectiveness and shipping time efficiency. Although the price negotiation of upstream raw materials for the collaborative suppliers has no statistically significant benefit to the shipping time efficiency, the shared cost reduction of component procurement is significantly positive for supply chain collaboration among green

  8. ANALISIS STRATEGI PENANGANAN RISIKO KEKURANGAN PASOKAN PADA INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN RUMPUT LAUT: KASUS DI SULAWESI SELATAN (A Risk Handling Strategy for Supply Shortage in Seaweed Agro-Industry: A Case in South Celebes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarinah Sarinah

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available production processes. It is critical in the sense that it can be employed to identify any potential risks before they be used to reduce the potential shortage of dried seaweed supply needed by PT XYZ using pemasok selection. This supply chain model. The best selected suppliers were determined through assessing different assigned weights to the criteria and sub-criteria constructed in a Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP tree. PT XYZ is an alkali treated cottoni (ATC chips and SRC powder supplier network with low risk supply chain partnership. Keywords: Supplier selection, supply chain risk management, MFMEA, AHP   ABSTRAK   Strategi penanganan risiko kekurangan pasokan merupakan upaya untuk mengurangi terjadinya risiko kekurangan bahan baku rumput laut kering untuk kebutuhan industri rumput laut di PT XYZ dengan melakukan pemilih pemasok. Manajemen risiko rantai pasokan memainkan peran yang lebih penting daripada sebelumnya. Perusahaan harus fokus itu, naskah ini mengusulkan metode  risiko dari perspektif tiap risiko rantai pasokan dan memilih pemasok dengan menerapkan metode (AHP untuk menentukan bobot masing-masing kriteria dan sub-kriteria untuk pemilihan pemasok PT XYZ adalah industri pengolahan rumput laut dalam bentuk alkali treated cottonii (ATC-Chips dan SRC . Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa perusahaan memdapatkan pemasok yang lebih efektif dan pada saat yang sama mendapatkan mitra rantai pasokan yang berisiko rendah. Kata kunci: Pemilihan pemasok, manajemen risiko rantai pasok, MFMEA, AHP

  9. An empirical supply chain measurement model for a national egg producer based on the supply chain operations reference model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Pretorius

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The management of a supply chain is both an offensive and defensive weapon that organisations can use to increase their competitive edge and capture a larger share of the market. In management science and supply chain management, multi-criteria decision making techniques have been used to solve a range of real-world problems. The problem is that many, if not most, companies in South Africa either do not have the required skills to use these decision-making techniques to improve or re-configure their supply chain, or they do not have a complete data set with which to model it effectively. In order to manage supply chains effectively, organisations at the very least need feedback on the performance of their entire supply chain. In this article, generic supply chain performance measures were used and a theoretical or empirical model was developed for the performance measurement of a national egg producer’s supply chain. It focused on a managerial program for the identification and management of their supply chain with recommendations for applying a measurement model. The overall performance of the supply chain as well as the five different performance attributes was presented to management in a dashboard format. This article could be used as a basis for future studies of supply chain performance measurement and the model could be used as a foundation for developing an improved version, not only for the egg industry, but for other industries as well. 

  10. Managing the services supply chain in the Department of Defense: an empirical study of current management practices / by Aruna U. Apte, Uday M. Apte, and Rene G. Rendon.

    OpenAIRE

    Apte, Aruna U.; Uday M. Apte; Rendon, Rene G.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents the results of our ongoing research on the management of services acquisition in the Department of Defense. In this empirical study we developed and used a web-based survey to collect data on the acquisition strategy, procurement methods, and contract types used at Air Force and Navy installations. Specifically, we studied the current management practices in such areas as life cycle approach, project management, organization/management structure, and training provided to s...

  11. 供电行业网上营业厅系统研究%Research on Power Supply Industry Online Business Hall System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶剑国

    2011-01-01

    With the expansion of power supply industry's services, a series of problems in entitative service system such as resource deficiency, high operational cost, low efficiency of services, etc, are deteriorating gradually. To serve clients better, Yunfu power supply bureau constructs E- self-service system channel. As a terminal of self-service system, online business hail system provides new marketing and service models for the existing system of power supply bureau. Researches on the system structure, function design and security designs of the power supply industry online business hall system, onthe basis of practical application.%随着供电行业的业务的拓广,实体服务系统中资源紧张、运营成本高、服务效率低等一系列逐渐凸显,为了更好地服务客户,云浮供电局建设了电子自助服务渠道,网上营业厅作为自助服务系统的一个终端.为供电局现有系统提供新的营销和服务模式。在实际应用的基础上,探讨供电行业网上营业厅系统的构架、功能设计和安全设计。

  12. The Model and Control Methods of Access to Information and Technology Resources of Automated Control Systems in Water Supply Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rytov, M. Yu; Spichyack, S. A.; Fedorov, V. P.; Petreshin, D. I.

    2017-01-01

    The paper describes a formalized control model of access to information and technological resources of automated control systems at water supply enterprises. The given model considers the availability of various communication links with information systems and technological equipment. There are also studied control methods of access to information and technological resources of automated control systems at water supply enterprises. On the basis of the formalized control model and appropriate methods there was developed a software-hardware complex for rapid access to information and technological resources of automated control systems, which contains an administrator’s automated workplace and ultimate users.

  13. 工厂休闲旅游平台的供给转型研究%Research on Supply Platform Transformation of Industry Leisure Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云龙

    2012-01-01

    工业休闲旅游发展遇到普通市民进入瓶颈,严重制约工厂旅游市场规模和新兴业态形成。研究结果表明:传统工厂旅游的运行机制和运营模式是有待商榷的;指导理论应由单边市场理论转向平台供给理论;并提出工厂旅游平台供给运行机制和工厂旅游平台转型的配套措施。%Development of industrial tourism and leisure meet ordinary citizens into bottlenecks, constraint the plant formation of tourist market and emerging industry seriously. The results show that: operational mechanism and operation mode of the traditional factory tour is a problem; guidance theory should shift from One-sided Market to platform supply theory; and proposed policy recommendations to promote the development of industry tourism on operation mechanism of platform supply and transformation of supporting measures.

  14. 日本电力产业LNG供需状况浅析%Analysis of LNG Demand and Supply in Japan’s Power Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙军

    2014-01-01

    This paper gives a brief introduction to the current situation of LNG in Japan’s electric power sector and extends an analysis of LNG demand and supply in Japan’s power industry after the East Japan earthquake. Then a descrip-tion is given about Japan’s LNG purchase prices. Finally, possible measures are discussed about how to keep LNG demand and supply equilibrium and build rational LNG price mechanism.%简要介绍了日本电力产业LNG的现状,并对东日本大地震后日本电力产业LNG的需求和供给状况进行了分析,说明了日本LNG的采购价格,进而阐述了保持LNG供需平衡、建立合理价格机制的可行办法。

  15. Decomposition and control of complex systems - Application to the analysis and control of industrial and economic systems /energy production/ with limited supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Coligny, M.

    Optimized control strategies are developed for industrial installations where many variables of energy supply and storage are involved, with a particular focus on characteristics of a solar central tower power plant. It is shown that optimal regulation resides in controlling all disturbances which occur in a limited domain of the entire system, using robust control schemes. Choosing a command is then dependent on defining precise operational limits as constraints on the machines' performances. Attention is given to the development of variational principles used for the elements of the command logic. Particular consideration is given to a limited supply in storage in spatial and temporal terms. Commands for alterations in functions are then available on-line, and discontinuities are not a feature of the control system. The strategy is applied to the case of a field of heliostats and a central tower themal receiver showing that management is possible on the basis of a sliding horizon.

  16. A quantitative study of the U.S. wood pallet industry based on supply chain management practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry Quesada-Pineda; Scarlett Sanchez-Gomez; Philip A. Araman

    2012-01-01

    Pallets play an important role in the movement of goods from place to place. They are not only used in warehouses or distribution centers, but also in all those activities that require an efficient and effective method of transportation. To better understand business practices and external factors that impacts supply chain management (SCM), a survey of 1,500 U.S. wood...

  17. A Framework for Better Evaluations of Supply Chain Collaborations: Evidence from the Dutch Fast Moving Consumer Goods Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jung, Verena; Peeters - Rutten, Marianne; Vredeveld, Tjark

    2017-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework to better evaluate potential supply chain collaborations (SCCs). Design/methodology/approach – Prior research is used to develop a conceptual framework of all relevant factors, both drivers and resistors, which is, next, empirically

  18. The future of rare earth elements—will these high-tech industry elements continue in short supply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Keith R.

    2011-01-01

    * REE will continue to find increasing use due to their unique properties. * There is a realistic possibility around 2015-2016 of sufficient REE capacity to meet demand under conditions of healthy price competition. * REE supplies will be tight and prices high for a few years. * There is significant downside risk that newly developed mines will not perform as planned.

  19. The Danish Supreme Court rules on State action defense and refusal to supply under Danish competition law (Copenhagen Airport Terminal A)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergqvist, Christian; Christensen, Laurits Peder Schmidt

    2015-01-01

    for the purpose of building a new terminal A. Terminal A would compete with the airport in the supply of services to airlines. Copenhagen airport rejected the request which in turn lead the group of investors to complain to the Danish Competition and Consumer Authority ("DCCA"). In its draft decision the DCCA...

  20. The Danish Supreme Court rules on State action defense and refusal to supply under Danish competition law (Copenhagen Airport Terminal A)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergqvist, Christian; Christensen, Laurits Peder Schmidt

    2015-01-01

    for the purpose of building a new terminal A. Terminal A would compete with the airport in the supply of services to airlines. Copenhagen airport rejected the request which in turn lead the group of investors to complain to the Danish Competition and Consumer Authority ("DCCA"). In its draft decision the DCCA...

  1. Study of the Capability of the United States Textile and Apparel Industries to Support National Defense. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-01

    baby diaper (with a nonwoven liner) annually generates in excess of $800 million in sales for P&G, ŗre than any other single P&G product. Industrial...Page 29. Market Gains Based on a Global Spread, Textile Month, June 1982, Page 27. 224 .0 . -- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Analysis and Perspective...NLABS R&D Program Element Funding Categories 174 56 U.S. Manmade Fibers 175 57 Return on Equity Selected Textile Companies 178 58 Market -to-Book Ratio

  2. Industrial diamond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, D.W.

    2001-01-01

    An overview of the industrial diamond industry is provided. More than 90 percent of the industrial diamond consumed in the U.S. and the rest of the world is manufactured diamond. Ireland, Japan, Russia, and the U.S. produce 75 percent of the global industrial diamond output. In 2000, the U.S. was the largest market for industrial diamond. Industrial diamond applications, prices for industrial diamonds, imports and exports of industrial diamonds, the National Defense Stockpile of industrial diamonds, and the outlook for the industrial diamond market are discussed.

  3. Direct Supply Business Model of Organic Vegetables Industry%有机蔬菜行业直供商业模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦国欣

    2015-01-01

    With people's pursuit for food safety and healthy lifestyle, organic vegetables are more and more popular, and organic vegetables industry is developing rapidly. As a new model for sale of organic vegetables, direct supply greatly reduces the circulation, reduces the cost and loss in circulation, and better ensure the quality of vegetables and nutrition. This paper analyzes the development situation of organic vegetables industry and the five competitive structure factors of the direct supply industry and summarizes the business model of organic vegetables direct supply from product integration and service mode, quality control, target customers, marketing mode, etc.%随着人们对食品安全和健康生活方式的追求,有机蔬菜越来越受到欢迎,有机蔬菜行业发展迅速。直供作为有机蔬菜销售的一种新模式,大大缩短了流通环节,降低了流通中的成本和损耗,更好地保证了蔬菜品质和营养。本文分析了有机蔬菜行业的发展现状和直供行业的五大竞争结构因素,从产品整合及服务模式、质量控制、目标顾客、营销模式等方面总结了有机蔬菜直供行业的商业模式。

  4. 汽车行业供应链协同绩效评价及其应用%Performance Evaluation and Applications of Automotive Industry Supply Chain Collaboration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐雯霞

    2011-01-01

    Referring to automotive industry supply chain collaboration performance including collaboration process performance, collaboration result performance and collaboration support performance, an evaluation index system is set up including 30 indices for automotive industry supply chain collaboration evaluation in combination with the clients service and system adaptability. Then, an automotive industry supply chain with the core of some automotive manufacturer is exemplified to evaluate its collaboration performance of supply chain by applying of fuzzily integrated analysis, thus quantifying the system and analyzing the evaluation results. It is found that the collaborative operation covering process, result and support will improve the performance of the whole supply chain. The analysis proves the feasibility of the evaluation index system and the operability of fuzzily integrated evaluation.%考虑汽车行业供应链协同绩效包含协同过程绩效、协同结果绩效和协同支持绩效,并结合客户服务和系统适应性,选择了30个汽车行业供应链协同评价指标,建立协同绩效评价指标体系.然后,选取以国内某汽车制造厂为核心企业的汽车行业供应链为例,运用模糊综合分析法对其供应链进行协同评价,实现了对该指标体系的量化,并对评价结果进行分析.结果表明,企业在过程、结果和支持等方面协同运作,可以提高供应链整体的协同绩效,从而进一步验证了评价指标体系的可行性和模糊综合评价方法的可操作性.

  5. Study on garment industry supply chain collaboration strategy%服装业供应链协同运作策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春生

    2012-01-01

    随着国内经济的发展和对外交流的不断加强,供应链管理模式得到大多数人的理解和接受。但如何才能发挥供应链管理理念的最大优势,还需要大家不断的研究、探索和实践。我国是公认的世界服装大国,服装业对于我国经济的发展和解决国内就业压力发挥了巨大的作用。但如何将我国服装业提升为世界服装强国,发挥出我国服装业更大的作用,还是一个未完成的艰巨任务。我国服装业经营者必须改变传统的经营思想,与国际接轨,采用供应链管理理念,融入供应链协同运作模式。%Along with the development of the domestic economy and the improvement of foreign exchange, supply chain management model has been understood and accepted by most people. But how can we'play the biggest advantage of the supply chain management concepts, but also need to constantly study, explore and practice. China is recognized as the world's clothing, the garment industry has played a huge role for China's economic development and solve domestic employment pressure. But howwill China's garment industry to enhance power the world's clothing, play a greater role in Cbina's garment industry, or an unfinished arduous task. China's garment industry operators are required to change the traditional business ideas with international standards, using the concept of supply chain management, collaborative mode of operation into the supply chain.

  6. An empirical investigation for measuring the performance of supply chain operation: A case study of healthcare industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeede Nateghinia

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A supply chain is a network of facilities for procuring raw materials, transforming them into intermediate goods and then final products, and delivering them to customers through a distribution system. This paper presents an empirical investigation to measure the performance of a hospital based on the implementation of supply chain operations reference (SCOR method. The proposed model of this paper considers five criteria including reliability, responsiveness, agility, costs and assets in one of Iranian hospitals and computes the performance of four important departments including dentistry, radiology, pharmacy and laboratory. The proposed model of this paper uses analytical hierarchy process to assign weights for all criteria to measure the overall performance. The result of this survey indicates that reliability is the most important factor in measuring the performance of medical centers.

  7. Product structure metrics as an indicator of demand-supply chain efficiency : case study in the cellular network industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kaski, Timo

    2002-01-01

    Product structure affects demand-supply chain performance, this is almost self-evident. But how to develop better product structures? Which design alternative is the best among several options? Markets define the number of product variants needed. Therefore, limiting product variations is not a feasible solution. This research made an effort to develop a method to guide product structure development and to quantify comparison of alternative design implementations. The study aimed at reducing ...

  8. Fate of Fusarium mycotoxins in cereal product supply chain: the DON case within industrial bread-making technology

    OpenAIRE

    BERGAMINI, Elena; Catellani, Dante; Dall'Asta, Chiara; Galaverna, Gianni; Dossena, Arnaldo; Marchelli, Rosangela; Suman, Michele

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Fusarium mycotoxins are a relevant problem in the cereal supply chain at a worldwide level, being wheat, maize and barley the main contaminated crops; mould growth could happen in the pre-harvest phase and also during transport and storage due to ineffective drying conditions. Among Fusarium toxins, deoxynivalenol (DON) is considered the most important contaminant in wheat, due to its wide-spread occurrence. In the last years the European Food Safety Authority and the Euro...

  9. Identification and Prioritization of Supply Chain Risks in Automotive Industries Using Fuzzy Analytic Network Approach: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Parsamehr

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Supply chains are constantly exposed to various risks. An incident or uncertain event, which, in case of happening, has positive or negative effects on the objectives of a project, is called a risk. According to this identification, analysis and prioritization of risks may have a significant role in the success of the project. The purpose of risk management is to reduce the risks of non-achievement of these objectives and to identify and benefit from opportunities. The current study’s objective is to prioritize the performance of supply chain risks in Cruise Company, based on the method of fuzzy analytic network process, taking into account the opinion of specialists and experts. Fields of study for the prioritization of the supply chain risks, consist of 5 main components, supplier risk, manufacturer risk, distributor risk, external risks and final customer risks. In order to prioritize these fields, some questionnaires were prepared and codified based on expert opinion. Afterwards, the compiled data was analyzed and investigated in Super decision software. The research result indicates that, among the main components, external risks are the first priority and final customer risks are the second priority. Among the sub-components, the inappropriate price sub-component has been allocated the first priority and, finally, the supplier bankruptcy sub-component has the last priority.

  10. Study on Optimization of Supply Chain Cooperation Mode of Publishing Industry%出版行业供应链的合作模式优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹丹; 盛一芮

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, in view of the current status and existing problems of the supply chain IT system of the traditional publishing industry in China, we proposed to integrate the CPFR theory and the agile supply chain model to establish a cooperation-based supply chain optimization model and then through text description and mathematical modeling, demonstrated the efficiency and value of the model. Next, by adding two agreements, that is, the agreements on unsold inventory compensation and effective information incentive, we reinforced supply chain constraint and motivation, encouraging the supply chain actors to take the initiative to sustain the normal operation of the supply chain, thus effectively solving the recalcitrant issues of information disruption and inaccuracy in the traditional publishing supply chain.%针对我国传统出版行业中供应链信息技术应用效率低、信息共享差、企业间信任薄弱和物流配送不发达的现状,提出将CPFR理论和敏捷供应链集成,利用前者企业间共享的方法和后者跨企业的业务过程,建立基于合作模式的供应链优化模型,并使用文字描述和数学建模的方法,证明该模型的效率和价值.通过增加两个约定,即未销库存补偿约定和信息高效鼓励约定,加强了供应链各节点企业的约束和鼓励,使供应链中的各个主体都能够积极的维系供应链的正常运营,有效地解决了传统出版行业供应链企业间信息不流畅和不准确的问题.

  11. Dynamic defense workshop :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crosby, Sean Michael; Doak, Justin E.; Haas, Jason Juedes.; Helinski, Ryan; Lamb, Christopher C.

    2013-02-01

    On September 5th and 6th, 2012, the Dynamic Defense Workshop: From Research to Practice brought together researchers from academia, industry, and Sandia with the goals of increasing collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories and external organizations, de ning and un- derstanding dynamic, or moving target, defense concepts and directions, and gaining a greater understanding of the state of the art for dynamic defense. Through the workshop, we broadened and re ned our de nition and understanding, identi ed new approaches to inherent challenges, and de ned principles of dynamic defense. Half of the workshop was devoted to presentations of current state-of-the-art work. Presentation topics included areas such as the failure of current defenses, threats, techniques, goals of dynamic defense, theory, foundations of dynamic defense, future directions and open research questions related to dynamic defense. The remainder of the workshop was discussion, which was broken down into sessions on de ning challenges, applications to host or mobile environments, applications to enterprise network environments, exploring research and operational taxonomies, and determining how to apply scienti c rigor to and investigating the eld of dynamic defense.

  12. Research on Industrial Control System Security Defense%工业控制系统信息安全防护研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昱镔; 陈思; 程楠

    2016-01-01

    Information security situation of industrial control system is grim and cannot be ignored which produces serious threat to social stability and national security. The information security of industrial control system is different from the traditional information security, and the traditional information security is usually not applicable to the field of industrial control system information security. This paper analyzes the characteristics of industrial control system, expounds the current information security situation of industrial control system by analyzing the report produced by the industrial control systems cyber emergency response team of the USA, and puts forward a model of industrial control system security defense which contains the industrial control system security protection system, key technologies and safety life cycle. The research production of security protection system can guide key technologies research and safety life cycle building. The research production of key technologies can be converted into special safety protection products in all stages of the safety life cycle, and provides the corresponding technologies and tools though all stages of the safety life cycle. The model can provide technology and management support for the ifeld of industrial control system information security.%工业控制系统信息安全形势严峻,严重威胁社会稳定和国家安全,不容忽视。工业控制系统信息安全有别于传统信息安全,传统信息安全保障方式经常不适用于工业控制系统信息安全领域。文章研究了工业控制系统的特点,通过分析美国工业控制系统网络应急响应小组的报告,阐述了工业控制系统当前的安全形势,提出了由工业控制系统安全防护体系、关键技术及安全生命周期等部分组成的工业控制系统信息安全防护模型。该模型中安全防护体系的研究成果可指导关键技术研究及安全生命周期建设,

  13. Reverse supply chain service process model for the iron and steel industry%钢铁工业逆向供应链服务过程模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王蕾; 夏绪辉; 熊颖清; 刘军伟; 周敏

    2015-01-01

    根据钢铁工业逆向供应链流程,分析了钢铁工业逆向供应链及其服务的基本定义和三个服务主体的特征。在此基础上,构建了一种二层级三维度钢铁工业逆向供应链服务过程模型。在服务抽象维、服务组织与协同运作维、服务网络跨级控制与服务增值维等三个维度构成的空间里,完成由服务方案匹配与决策实现的三阶段构成的第一级服务响应以及由服务功能实现的两阶段构成的第二级服务响应过程。探讨了服务过程实现中的服务模块化、服务知识获取与共享、服务模块智能匹配等关键技术。以某钢铁企业废钢逆向供应服务为实际应用案例,验证了模型的可行性。%ABSTRACT The basic definition and the characteristics of three service principals of reverse supply chain service for the iron and steel industry is analyzed according to the reverse supply chain process of the iron and steel industry. Based on this work, a two-hierarchical and three-dimensional reverse supply chain service process model is built for the iron and steel industry. A three-dimensional service space is constructed, including services abstraction, service organization and collaborative operation, and service network control and service value-added. In the space, the first hierarchical service response constituted by the three stages of service programme matching and decision-making, and the second hierarchical service response constituted by the two stages of service func-tion realization are accomplished. The key technology of service process realization including service modularization, service knowledge acquisition and sharing, and service modular intelligent matching is discussed. Finally, the feasibility of the model is proved by a case of scrap steel reverse supply service for one iron and steel enterprise.

  14. APPLICATION OF THE MODEL FOR SCM OF ARAGÃO TO SUPPLY CHAINS OF AN INDUSTRIAL GAS MANUFACTURER

    OpenAIRE

    MARCO AURELIO DILASCIO GUIMARAES

    2006-01-01

    A globalização da competição tem forçado as organizações a buscar e implementar novas vertentes geradoras de vantagens competitivas. Como na atualidade a competição ocorre freqüentemente entre cadeias de suprimentos e não entre empresas isoladas, a Gestão da Cadeia de Suprimentos (Supply Chain Management - SCM) aparece como uma nova fronteira a ser explorada. Em função dessas considerações, esta dissertação tem por objetivo de aplicar o Modelo para SC...

  15. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  16. Advances in integrated and sustainable supply chain planning concepts, methods, tools and solution approaches toward a platform for industrial practice

    CERN Document Server

    Laínez-Aguirre, José Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Decision making at the enterprise level often encompass not only production operations and  product R&D, but other strategic functions such as financial planning and marketing. With the aim of maximizing growth and a firm’s value, companies often focus on co-ordinating these functional components as well as traditional hierarchical decision levels. Understanding this interplay can enhance enterprise capabilities of adaptation and response to uncertainties arising from internal processes as well as the external environment. This book presents concepts, methods, tools and solutions based on mathematical programming, which provides the quantitative support needed for integrated decision-making and ultimately for improving the allocation of overall corporate resources (e.g., materials, cash and personnel). Through a systems perspective, the integrated planning of the supply chain also promotes activities of reuse, reduction and recycling for achieving more sustainable environmental impacts of production/di...

  17. Research document no. 30. Introducing competition in the French electricity supply industry: the destabilization of a public hierarchy in an open institutional environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finon, D

    2002-07-01

    The introduction of market rules in a electricity supply industry characterized by a vertically integrated monopoly and public ownership is not inherently doomed to failure if characteristics of the reform or other elements of industrial structures give room for enforcing market-rules. The organisation of the French ESI in a public monopoly was deeply rooted in French institutional peculiarities. The paper analyses how the governmental goal of preserving the national champion EDF have had two paradoxical effects in favour of competition development and the building of safeguards for the entrants: the creation of a credible regulatory governance structure with effective power of control on the network access, and which promoted market-rules and the creation of a power exchange for balancing the incumbent dominant position; and the enforcement of the credibility of the regulatory framework by the self control of the incumbent on the use of its dominant position and on the capture of the regulator. This two effects results from the influence of the European institutional environment which is superposed to the national one, in particular under the intensive scrutiny of the European Commission, on a model far behind the competitive model. The paper concludes to the originality of such an institutional model: a permanent regulatory threat on the incumbent for balancing the effects of public property and integration of industrial structures. (author)

  18. Nuclear power industry and uranium supply in China%我国核电工业及铀资源供应对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元初; 赵声贵; 梁毅

    2011-01-01

    The advantages of nuclear power in cost of power generation, environment protection and safety were analysed. The current situation of the world nuclear power industry and achievements of China nuclear power industry were presented in details. According to the status of world uranium resources and characters of uranium resources in China, the measures of uranium supplying for China nuclear power industry were recommended.%分析了核能发电在发电成本、环境保护、安全方面的优势,介绍了全球核电工业现状、我国核电工业取得的成就及中长期发展规划.在进一步对世界铀资源的基本情况及我国铀资源的特点进行阐述的基础上,提出了保障我国核电工业发展的铀资源供应对策.

  19. New products from the agri-food industry: the return of n-3 fatty acids into the food supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simopoulos, A P

    1999-01-01

    The meat from animals and fish in the wild, chicken eggs produced under complete natural conditions, and wild plants contain higher amounts of n-3 fatty acids compared to domesticated or cultivated ones. The composition of meats, fish, and eggs is dependent on animal feed. Fish-meal, flax, and n-3 from algae in animal feeds increase the n-3 fatty acid content of egg yolks and lead to the availability of n-3 fatty acid-enriched eggs in the marketplace. Research is ongoing for the production of n-3 fatty acid-enriched products from poultry, beef, lamb, pork, milk, bakery products, etc. In the case of n-3 fatty acid-enriched eggs, the egg under complete natural conditions (Greek or Ampelistra egg) can serve as a guide for proper composition. Otherwise, the amount of n-3 fatty acids is determined by the organoleptic properties of the products. It is essential in the process of returning the n-3 fatty acids into the food supply that the balance of n-6/n-3 fatty acids in the diet that existed during evolution is maintained. Clinical investigations confirm the importance of n-3 fatty acids for normal function during growth and development and in the modulation of chronic diseases. The availability of n-3 fatty acid-enriched products should lead to improvements in the food supply. Pregnant and lactating women and infants should benefit since their diet is deficient in n-3 fatty acids, especially for the vegetarians among them. Studies with n-3-enriched eggs lower cholesterol levels, platelet aggregation, and blood pressure. Since cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and autoimmune, allergic, and neurological disorders appear to respond to n-3 fatty acid supplementation, a diet balanced in n-3 and n-6 fatty acids consistent with the diet during human evolution should decrease or delay their manifestation.

  20. Industrialization

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lucy

    Second World era international system (1945-1990) may not have done any good to ... wedge between the capitalist and socialist blocs, not only blurred Third World .... Politics and the Stages of Economic Growth, Cambridge: Cambridge ... complex industries producing mainly for export, but also producing for local.

  1. Weakening Measures of Bull-whip Effect in Garment Industry based on Supply Chain Management%基于SCM的服装行业弱化“牛鞭效应”路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘邦凡; 詹国辉

    2014-01-01

    The current competition in garment industry is already showing the competition of supply chains .Each node company , which on the supply chain of garment industry , makes mutual cooperation to weaken the bull -whip effect , in order to eliminate unnecessary backlog of inventory on the supply chain of garment industry , thereby enhancing the over-all competitiveness of the garment industry supply chain .This paper describes garment industry supply chain and bull -whip effect, simultaneously explores the causes resulting in the bull -whip effect.Then, based on the mechanism of ac-tion in supply chain management of garment industry , the paper puts forward making the appropriate path to weaken the bull-whip effect , in order to achieve healthy and orderly development of the garment industry .%目前服装行业竞争已然呈现出供应链间的竞争,服装行业供应链上各节点企业需通过相互合作弱化牛鞭效应,以消除服装行业供应链中不必要的积压库存,从而增强整体服装行业供应链的竞争力。通过对服装行业供应链和牛鞭效应的描述,本文探究了服装行业供应链致使牛鞭效应的成因;在剖析服装行业供应链管理作用机理的基础上,研究通过相应路径来弱化牛鞭效应,实现服装行业有序而又良性化发展。

  2. Brazilian oil and gas supply and service industry's: context and perspectives; Contexto e perspectivas do segmento para-petrolifero brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Antonio Ricardo Pimentel de [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This paper describes the goods and services supply oil segment, as different than the oil companies segment itself. It points to the transformations in the goods and services supply segment from the 1980s until now. At that time with low international oil prices, the oil companies induced the goods and services firms to assume a major role in development of technology. Inside the country here, the goods and services segment had high local content performance but it was associated to low technology intensity or to branches of large multinational firms installed in the Brazilian market. The paper points the French approaching on this same oil segment and its applicability to the Brazilian case, giving one example of financial R and D resources for supporting such a target. Otherwise than in France some specific obstacles can be found here in that development purpose. As alternative some others scenarios were finally explored in the paper for further suggestions for institutional approaching in this Brazilian industrial oil segment. (author)

  3. The Factors Influencing the Development of Radio Frequency Identification Technology in E-Supply Chain Management (Case study: Iran Khodro Industrial Group (IKCO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Sanayei

    2011-07-01

    The application of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID for the purpose of tracking each single part in the automotive supply chain management has become very crucial in recent years. In this study, the factors influencing the development of RFID in Iran Khodro Industrial Group as well as their weight and ranking are evaluated. It is notewothy that the Lin framework factors have been used as the basis of this research. The Fuzzy Delphi, Delphi, and Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP methods were applied for the research three stages. In the first stage, three of the Lin framework factors were rejected and replaced with seven more new factors. In the second stage, after three times performance of Delphi method, the dimension of each of the new seven factors was recognized, and finally in the third stage, the weight and ranking of factors and dimensions which influence the RFID development in supply chain management in our case study, Iran Khodro Company, was calculated. The results of the research have shown that the International Standard and Specification dimension has the highest weight among other influential dimensions. Also, the dimensions of Security, Cost, Infrastructure, Technology, and other factors have respectively the next highest weight after the International Standard and Specification dimension

  4. Research on Military and Civilian Integration Level Measurement and Countermeasures in Defense Industry%国防工业军民融合水平测度与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜人淮; 马宇飞

    2016-01-01

    The level of military and civilian integration in defense industry includes the level of breadth ,arrangement and depth ,build the evaluation index system of defense industry civil‐military integration level ,and through the relevant index weight to calculate the corresponding evaluation index .Military and civilian integration level in defense industry is usually influenced and restricted by factors such as economic benefit of civil‐military integration subject ,the institutional arrange‐ments of civil‐military relations and tw o‐w ay transfer of military and civilian technology ,etc .In order to improve the level of military and civilian integration in defense industry ,efforts need to be made to improve the economic benefit of integra‐tion subject ,to perfect institutional arrangements for civil‐military relations and to unblock the two‐way transfer of mili‐tary and civilian technology .%国防工业军民融合水平包括军民融合广度、融合层次、融合深度。构建了国防工业军民融合水平评价指标体系,并通过相关指标权重计算出相应的评价指标值。国防工业军民融合水平受军民融合主体经济效益、军民关系制度安排和军民技术双向转移状况等因素的影响和制约。为了提高国防工业军民融合水平,需提高融合主体的经济效益,完善军民关系制度安排,畅通军民技术双向转移渠道。

  5. Offset implementations for Turkey's International Defense Acquisitions

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    MBA Professional Report "Offsets" is the umbrella term for a broad range of industrial and commercial "compensatory" practices. Specifically, offset agreements in the defense environment are increasing globally as a percentage of exports. Developed countries with established defense industries use offsets to channel work or technology to their domestic defense companies. Countries with newly industrialized economies are utilizing both military and commercial related offsets that involv...

  6. Are Public-Private Partnerships a Source of Greater Efficiency in Water Supply? Results of a Non-Parametric Performance Analysis Relating to the Italian Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corrado lo Storto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article reports the outcome of a performance study of the water service provision industry in Italy. The study evaluates the efficiency of 21 “private or public-private” equity and 32 “public” equity water service operators and investigates controlling factors. In particular, the influence that the operator typology and service management nature - private vs. public - has on efficiency is assessed. The study employed a two-stage Data Envelopment Analysis methodology. In the first stage, the operational efficiency of water supply operators is calculated by implementing a conventional BCC DEA model, that uses both physical infrastructure and financial input and output variables to explore economies of scale. In the second stage, bootstrapped DEA and Tobit regression are performed to estimate the influence that a number of environmental factors have on water supplier efficiency. The results show that the integrated water provision industry in Italy is characterized by operational inefficiencies of service operators, and scale and agglomeration economies may have a not negligible effect on efficiency. In addition, the operator typology and its geographical location affect efficiency.

  7. 国防工业合作创新中的国防知识产权分析%Intellectual Property for Cooperative Innovation of National Defense Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭永辉

    2012-01-01

    This paper firstly analyzes the types and development features of cooperative innovation for national defense industry. It systematically compares the difference between military and traditional intellectual property, and emphasizes the political nature and public welfare of military intellectual property. This paper also analyzes the influence of intellectual property on cooperative innovation from its mode and features. The result shows that the current system can' t efficiently control and manage the intellectual property risks and encourage cooperative innovation. Finally, it gives suggestions for the reform and perfect of intellectual property law system and management system.%分析国防工业合作创新的类型与发展特点。系统比较国防知识产权与普通知识产权间的主要差别,突出强调国防知识产权的政治性和公益性。从产权模式、产权特性等方面,全面剖析国防知识产权制度对国防工业合作创新的影响,指出目前的国防知识产权制度体系缺乏对知识产权风险等问题的有效约束和规范,不足以对国防合作创新形成有效激励。最后,提出国防知识产权法律体系和管理制度改革、完善的建议。

  8. Impact of WHO recommendations to eliminate industrial trans-fatty acids from the food supply in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colón-Ramos, Uriyoán; Monge-Rojas, Rafael; Campos, Hannia

    2014-08-01

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has deemed that there is enough evidence to recommend the elimination of industrially produced trans-fatty acids (TFA) from the food supply. This article evaluates government-led public health strategies in countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and factors perceived to affect following WHO's recommendation to eliminate industrially produced TFA. Descriptive, prospective multiple case studies integrated data from open-ended questionnaires to representatives of ministries of health, and systematic review of internal and publicly available documents in 13 LAC countries. Overall, government efforts to follow WHO recommendations have not been well co-ordinated throughout the region. Evidence for this includes the lack of standardization of TFA definitions. For example, some countries exclude naturally occurring TFA from the definitions, whereas others leave the option open to their inclusion. As a consequence, the criteria for trans-free nutrient claims and labelling requirements are inconsistent across the region. Government-led strategies varied from banning or limiting TFA content in the food supply to voluntary labelling of TFA. The identified challenges to the implementation of policies to reduce TFA include the shortage of information on TFA content of diets and foods, consumer unawareness of TFA and lack of monitoring and surveillance. The identified enabling factors were intersectoral collaboration with industry, mandatory labelling regulation and international and national visibility of the topic, which facilitated reduction of TFA content. A co-ordinated effort is required to achieve virtual elimination of all TFA in the region, as recommended by WHO. Standardization of the definition of TFA across the region would facilitate regulation, consumer education efforts and monitoring and surveillance efforts. Simultaneously, countries need to determine their level of exposure to TFA through the implementation of

  9. Energetic retrofitting of industrial heat supply systems. Possibilities of enhancing the efficiency and energy conservation at large combustion engineering plants; Energetische Modernisierung industrieller Waermeversorgungssysteme. Moeglichkeiten der Effizienzsteigerung und der Energieeinsparung an grossen feuerungstechnischen Anlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-12-15

    In the contribution under consideration, the Deutsche Energie-Agentur GmbH (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) reports on an energetic modernization of industrial heat supply systems. Possibilities of an enhancement of the energetic efficiency and energy conservation at large combustion engineering plants are described. After an introduction to this theme, the author of this contribution provides an overview of the optimization of heat supply systems, and reports on the following aspects: Optimisation of the heat demand; energy efficient heat generation; heat recovery; energy efficient conversion technology and generation technology; associate partners for more energy efficiency in industry and commerce; best practice examples.

  10. Quantitative Measures of Mineral Supply Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, K. R.

    2009-12-01

    Almost all metals and many non-metallic minerals are traded internationally. An advantage of global mineral markets is that minerals can be obtained from the globally lowest-cost source. For example, one rare-earth element (REE) mine in China, Bayan Obo, is able to supply most of world demand for rare earth elements at a cost significantly less than its main competitors. Concentration of global supplies at a single mine raises significant political risks, illustrated by China’s recent decision to prohibit the export of some REEs and severely limit the export of others. The expected loss of REE supplies will have a significant impact on the cost and production of important national defense technologies and on alternative energy programs. Hybrid vehicles and wind-turbine generators, for example, require REEs for magnets and batteries. Compact fluorescent light bulbs use REE-based phosphors. These recent events raise the general issue of how to measure the degree of supply risk for internationally sourced minerals. Two factors, concentration of supply and political risk, must first be addressed. Concentration of supply can be measured with standard economic tools for measuring industry concentration, using countries rather than firms as the unit of analysis. There are many measures of political risk available. That of the OECD is a measure of a country’s commitment to rule-of-law and enforcement of contracts, as well as political stability. Combining these measures provides a comparative view of mineral supply risk across commodities and identifies several minerals other than REEs that could suddenly become less available. Combined with an assessment of the impact of a reduction in supply, decision makers can use these measures to prioritize risk reduction efforts.

  11. 人防工程给排水施工质量监控的流程与内容及策略探讨%Study on the process,content and strategy of water supply and drainage quality monitoring about civil air defense project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      文章分析了人防工程给排水施工质量监控工作流程、主要部位和要求,并就人防工程给排水施工质量监控要点和措施展开了具体研究。%This paper analyzes the process,main parts and requirements of water supply and drainage quality monitoring for civil air defense project,and studies the key point and measures to monitor quality of civil air defense project in detail.

  12. 食品产业绿色供应链管理运营中的信息共享机制分析%Analysis of Information Sharing Mechanism in the Food Industry Green Supply Chain Management and Operation Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晔明; 尹芳芳; 傅贤治

    2011-01-01

    In order to effectively address the issues of environmental pollution and food safety in food industry, the green supply chain management should be used in the food industry. However, information sharing is the basis of supply chain management. For this purpose, on the basis of describing the connotation of food industry green supply chain management, the paper introduces the contents and the effects of information sharing mode in detail. It focuses on the barriers of the implementation of information - sharing mechanisms in the food industry green supply chain management and operation process and analyzes the necessity of using information sharing mechanism among the members of the food industry green supply chain management mode by game theory, so as to strengthen the competitiveness of enterprises through supply chain management.%为有效解决食品产业的环境污染及食品质量安全问题,需将绿色供应链管理应用于食品产业,而信息共享是供应链管理基础.在阐述食品产业绿色供应链管理的内涵的基础上,详细介绍了信息共享模式的内容及作用,重点剖析了在食品产业绿色供应链管理运营中实施信息共享机制存在的障碍,并运用博弈论分析了在食品产业绿色供应链管理模式内成员间采用信息共享机制的必要性,以期通过供应链管理,增强企业的竞争力.

  13. 多城市工业供需水离散系统的同时镇定鲁棒控制%Simultaneous Stabilization Robust Control of Multi-city Industrial Water Supply-demand Discrete System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李可柏; 曹杰; 陈理飞

    2012-01-01

    工业化程度不同的城市,其工业用水供需参数也不相同。建立了多城市工业供需水离散控制系统模型。以工业增加值为控制变量,根据Lyapunov稳定性理论和线性矩阵不等式求解方法,实现了工业化程度不同的多城市工业供需水离散系统同时镇定的鲁棒控制目标,减少了控制的复杂性。%The industrial water supply and demand parameters of cities with different degrees of industrialization are diverse.A model of multi-city industrial water supply-demand discrete control system is set up.By using the industrial added value as the control variables,according to the Lyapunov stability theory and linear matrix inequality(LMI) solution method,this method realizes the simultaneous stabilization robust control goal of multi-city industrial water supply-demand discrete system with different degrees of industrialization,thus reducing the complexity of the control.

  14. 41 CFR 101-26.702 - Purchase of products manufactured by the Federal Prison Industries, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Defense § 101-26.702 Purchase of products manufactured by the Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (a) Purchases by executive agencies of prison-made products carried in GSA supply distribution facilities must... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Purchase of...

  15. Beryllium--important for national defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boland, M.A.

    2012-01-01

    Beryllium is one of the lightest and stiffest metals, but there was little industrial demand for it until the 1930s and 1940s when the aerospace, defense, and nuclear sectors began using beryllium and its compounds. Beryllium is now classified by the U.S. Department of Defense as a strategic and critical material because it is used in products that are vital to national security. The oxide form of beryllium was identified in 1797, and scientists first isolated metallic beryllium in 1828. The United States is the world's leading source of beryllium. A single mine at Spor Mountain, Utah, produced more than 85 percent of the beryllium mined worldwide in 2010. China produced most of the remainder, and less than 2 percent came from Mozambique and other countries. National stockpiles also provide significant amounts of beryllium for processing. To help predict where future beryllium supplies might be located, U.S.Geological Survey (USGS) scientists study how and where beryllium resources are concentrated in Earth's crust and use that knowledge to assess the likelihood that undiscovered beryllium resources may exist. Techniques to assess mineral resources have been developed by the USGS to support the stewardship of Federal lands and to better evaluate mineral resource availability in a global context. The USGS also compiles statistics and information on the worldwide supply of, demand for, and flow of beryllium. These data are used to inform U.S. national policymaking.

  16. 闭环供应链环境下纺织服装业组织运作模式%Study on Organization and Operation Mode of Textile and Garment Industry under Closed-loop Supply Chain Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑飞

    2015-01-01

    In this paper,through analyzing the definition and structure of the closed-loop supply chain of the textile and garment industry and comparing it with that of the traditional supply chain,we discussed the advantage of the enterprises on the closed-supply chains in terms of waste recycling,development mode,corporate pursuit,and social benefit,etc.,introduced,for the first time,the closed-loop supply chain structure into the textile and garment industry,and at the end,designed the three operational modes of the closed-loop supply chain of the textile and garment industry.%通过纺织服装业闭环供应链内涵界定、结构分析及与传统供应链的对比分析,发掘出纺织服装业闭环供应链企业的回收再利用效率、企业发展模式、企业追求目标、社会效益等方面的优势,首次将闭环供应链的思想引入纺织服装业中,设计了基于循环使用、再利用、再循环的纺织服装业闭环供应链的三种运作模式.

  17. Research on Green Supply Chain in Shipbuilding Industry and Its Operational Reliability%造船业绿色供应链及其运作可靠性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜丹丽; 赵洪岩

    2011-01-01

    当今,绿色供应链在造船业中的地位日益突出,造船业绿色供应链的正常运作对于造船业的发展发挥着重要的作用.该文紧密围绕“绿色理念”的思想对造船业绿色供应链的构成进行了分析,并研究分析了造船业绿色供应链运作可靠性的影响因素,为更好地建立造船业绿色供应链提供一定参考,以更好地实现造船业绿色供应链长期持续生存和发展的最终目标.%Green supply chain plays more and more important role in shipbuilding industry. It is of vital significance that the green supply chain works normally. Based on "green concept", the composition of the shipbuilding industry green supply chain and the factors which will affect the operational reliability of the green supply chain are analyzed, in order to provide a reference to establishing a better shipbuilding industry green supply chain.

  18. Identification and Evaluation of the Supply Chain Risk Factors in Sugar Industry%蔗糖业供应链风险因素的识别与评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨怀珍; 董欢欢; 熊炜

    2012-01-01

    It is important to identify and evaluate the factors of supply chain risk. This paper also puts forward the influence factors of the sugar industry supply chain risk, with the reference to recognition method of supply chain risk factors abroad from literature based on the characteristics of sugar industry supply chain. Finally, gray relational analysis is a-dopted to evaluate supply chain risk factors of the sugar industry, and then one practical example proves the feasibility of this method.%风险因素的识别和评价是风险研究的重要阶段.借鉴国内外关于供应链风险影响因素的识别方法,根据蔗糖业供应链的特点,提出了影响蔗糖业供应链的风险因素.最后运用灰色关联法建立蔗糖业供应链风险因素评价模型,并通过实例证明此模型的可行性.

  19. Green Products and Services from the Defense Logistics Agency: Support for Environmental Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-07

    further information please call our toll free number 1-800-352-2852 Defense Supply Center Philadelphia Biobased Plastic Flatware • Biobased resin... Biobased Plastic Flatware Offered by JWOD NIB/NISH Partner: L C Industries Product Description NSN Biobased Dining Packet...Remanufactured Toner Cartridges • Vehicular Wet Battery Program • Heavy Equipment Procurement Program • Energy Efficient Lighting • Biobased Fuels • Biobased

  20. Uninterruptible Power Supply Technologies and Proposal of Closed-Loop Power Supply in Chemical Industry%化工企业不间断电源技术简介及闭环回路供电的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建平

    2014-01-01

    Describe several uninterruptible power supply technologies which including dual power supply ,USB uninterruptible power supply ,TPM series no disturbance stability control device ,and propose the technology of closed‐loop supplying power for anti‐interference electricity .%论述化工企业几种不间断电源技术---双电源供电、 UPS 不间断电源、 TPM 系列无扰动稳定控制装置,并提出闭路回路供电抗晃电的设想。

  1. Study on Green Lean-agile Supply Chain Paradigm of Automobile Industry in Economic Transformation%经济转型背景下汽车产业绿色精敏供应链范式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌义

    2012-01-01

    分析了中国经济第二次转型的特征,揭示了中国汽车产业供应链的发展趋势:供应链向精敏供应链转变,投资驱动供应链模式向价值驱动供应链模式转变,绿色供应链成为发展趋势,指明了中国汽车产业供应链转型的方向,提出了汽车产业供应链转型的范式-绿色精敏供应链范式,以满足消费者的利益和经济可持续发展为目的,以绿色供应链为前提,全方位节能减排;以敏捷供应链为核心,提高市场响应度;集成精益供应链减少消耗、降低成本.%In this paper we analyzed the characteristics of the second transformation of the Chinese economy and revealed the trend of the development of the supply chain of the Chinese automobile industry, which includes turning lean of the industrial supply chain, transformation of the investment-driven supply chain into the value-driven supply chain and the finalization of green supply chain as the direction of future development. Then we pointed out the direction for the transformation of the supply chain of the automobile industry of China, proposed the green lean—agile supply chain paradigm which can realize overall reduction of cost, energy consumption and emissions.

  2. Fatigue in seafarers working in the offshore oil and gas re-supply industry: effects of safety climate, psychosocial work environment and shift arrangement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hystad, Sigurd W; Saus, Evelyn-Rose; Sætrevik, Bjørn; Eid, Jarle

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the influence of safety climate and psychosocial work environment on the reported fatigue of seafarers working in the offshore oil and gas re-supply industry (n = 402). We found that seafarers who reported high psychological demands and perceived the organisational-level safety climate negatively,reported significantly more mental fatigue, physical fatigue, and lack of energy. In addition, seafarers who reported having high levels of job control reported being significantly less mentally fatigued. We also found some combined effects of safety climate and shift arrangement. Organisational-level safety climate did not influence the levels of physical fatigue in seafarers working on the night shift. On the contrary, seafarers working during the days reported to be more physically fatigued when they perceived the organisational-level climate to be negative compared with the positive. The opposite effect was found for group-level safety climate: seafarers working during the nights reported to be more physically fatigued when they perceived the group-level climate to be negative compared with the positive. The results from this study point to the importance of taking into consideration aspects of the psychosocial work environment and safety climate,and their potential impact on fatigue and safety in the maritime organisations.

  3. Energy crisis: contributions to reduce impacts on Rio de Janeiro state industry caused by shortage of natural gas supply; Crise energetica: contribuicoes para a reducao de impactos sobre a industria fluminense decorrente de um contingenciamento da oferta de gas natural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barbosa, Cristiano Prado M.; Silva, Tatiana Lauria Vieira da [Sistema FIRJAN, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Gerencia de Infra-estrutura e Novos Investimentos], e-mail: cpbarbosa@firjan.org.br, e-mail: tlsilva@firjan.org.br

    2008-07-01

    The scope of this paper is to discuss the main factors that pushed the increase of the industrial utilization of natural gas in Rio de Janeiro and the structural imbalance between supply and demand in this market on the second semester of 2007. The shortage in October 2007 brought uncertainty to the energetic supply to the industrial sector, and leaded to a crisis in January 2008. In order to evaluate the hindrances and to propose solutions aiming to prevent future crisis, the Federation of Industries of Rio de Janeiro - Sistema FIRJAN - did a research along with industries that represent the majority part of the industrial demand of natural gas in Rio de Janeiro. The main results show that the industries are inclined to adapt to this new reality by lowering the consumption of natural gas. Nonetheless, environmental, institutional and economic issues make it difficult, and sometimes impossible, to implement the change. Beyond mapping the Rio de Janeiro industry's consumption of natural gas, this paper calls for the necessity of a long-run energetic planning in order to face the challenges that are being posed to the natural gas chain. (author)

  4. ) Interactions on sustainability requirements in the South African Table Grape industry: The position and challenges of actors on the supply side

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, W.J.V.; Ras, P.J.; Muller, C.

    2013-01-01

    International supply chains have mainly been addressed in literature from a demand side perspective. This article addresses sustainable development issues from a supply side perspective. The paper is based on exploratory research done in the supply chain of Table Grapes in South Africa. The objectiv

  5. Innovation in Supply Chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maier, Maximilian; Korbel, Jakob; Brem, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    . Moreover, along with the fourth industrial revolution – industry 4.0 – new technologies such as cyber physical systems are fast gaining popularity. Hence, based on the analysis of relevant literature, we further develop the supply chain committee model, developed by Kaluza et al. (2003) to demonstrate how...

  6. Integrating the Department of Defense Supply Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Consulting), Martha McIntyre, Stephen Rodman, Kimbra Covert, Maritza Guevara, Joel Edgeman, and Richard Davenport. At DLA Distribution, Rear Admiral...service to mainte- nance returned back to immediate issues from tactical SSAs, the spike in serviceable returns in late 2008 (graph 16) raises the...activities and directly support field customers primarily with respect to the items produced at the mainte- nance activities collocated with the FDP. When an

  7. The Strategy Research of Russia National Defense Industry Integrating the Armed Forces%俄罗斯国防工业“寓军于民”战略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范肇臻; 武奇华

    2012-01-01

    俄罗斯国防工业从国家战略上重视国防工业军民融合,大力推行军转民政策。尤其在军事航天装备上,更是体现国家从战略高度上的重视和一系列政策支持。国家政策支持、循序渐进的改革以及在军工企业之间建立有效的军转民协调机制就显得十分重要。%Russian defense industry from the national strategic emphasis on military and civilian integration of defense industries,vigorously promote the conversion policy.Especially in the military and aerospace equipment,but also reflect the importance attached by the countries from a strategic height and a range of policy support.National policy support between the military industrial enterprises to establish an effective coordination mechanism of conversion is very important.

  8. The Influence of Environmental Management Practices and Supply Chain Integration on Technological Innovation Performance—Evidence from China’s Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiehui Yang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available How to effectively implement environmental management practices and supply chain integration to enhance technological innovation performance has become crucial in both research and practice. Based on resource-based view (RBV theory, a theoretical model to determine the relationship between environmental management practices, supply chain integration, supply chain knowledge sharing, and technological innovation performance was proposed. Based on data collected from one hundred and twelve Chinese manufacturing enterprises, the empirical results show that environmental management practices have a significantly positive influence on technological innovation performance, and supply chain integration plays a moderating role on the relationship. In addition, the results indicate that supply chain integration is also a predictive variable of technological innovation performance and supply chain knowledge sharing. Our findings suggest that practitioners should couple environmental management practices with supply chain integration to improve technological innovation performance in addition to environmental performance, which has been substantiated in literature.

  9. 供给侧跨界耦合视角下产业创新发展研究%Study on Industrial Innovation Development from the Cross-border-coupling of Supply Side Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连远强

    2016-01-01

    Industrial innovation is the core to promote supply side reforms and improve total factor productivity .In the process of seeking and generating new momentum for development ,to build innovation network cross‐coupled between traditional industries and emerging industries ,to form effective supply by innovative driven power ,and to form the effec‐tive demand transmission mechanism stimulated by effective supply is not only the requirements of national strategic devel‐opment of emerging industries ,but also a key to promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries ,en‐sure sustainable economic development and lunch supply side reforms in China .Based on the comparison of traditional in‐dustry innovation chain and emerging industries innovation chain ,this paper discussed the cross‐board coupling mechanism betw een innovation chains of traditional industries and emerging industries ,and proposed cross‐board coupling structural model of industrial innovation chain .Local governments should create the environmental conditions which is benefit to form cross‐board coupling innovation network ,establish and improve coupling supply mechanism of innovation resources through the coupling strategy of industrial innovation chain ,and create new supply .Therefore ,the innovation‐driven dual power will be formed in a symbiosis network .As a result ,the overall industrial integrated innovation capability can be im‐proved ,and the strategic objectives of transformation & upgrading of traditional industries and cultivation & developing of emerging industries will be achieved .%产业创新是我国推进供给侧改革、提高全要素生产率的核心。在寻求新发展动能过程中,构建传统产业与新兴产业跨界耦合创新网络,形成以创新带动有效供给、以有效供给刺激有效需求的传导机制,这既是国家发展战略性新兴产业的要求,也是促进传统产业转型升级、保证我国经

  10. Supply and Demand Model of Industrial Competitive Intelligence Based on System Dynamics%基于系统动力学的产业竞争情报供需模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢宪光; 刘敏榕

    2012-01-01

    In order to explore the demand and supply mechanism of industry competitive intelligence and achieve the balance of supply and demand, this paper uses system dynamics to analyze the causal relationships and behavior rules of industrial competitive intelligence. A demand-supply model of industrial intelligence is built. Then, the mode of industrial competitive intelligence is simulated on the VenSim-PLE after the validity of model is checked. Finally, an analysis of parameter sensitivity is made on the model. The results indicate that it can strengthen the effective supply of industrial competitive intelligence by raising capital knowledge conversion and intelligence service influence factor.%为探索产业竞争情报的供需机制,实现供需平衡,运用系统动力学方法分析产业竞争情报的因果关系和行为规律,构建系统动力学供需模型。在对模型进行有效性检验后,利用Vensim-PLE软件进行产业竞争情报的仿真模拟。最后对模型进行参数敏感性分析,结果表明,通过提高资本知识转化率和情报服务影响因子可以实现产业竞争情报的有效供给。

  11. Analysis of Downstream Shareholding in the Three-tier Supply Chain of Steel Industry%下游持股对钢铁行业三级供应链的影响与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡昕皓; 王金桃

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, the downstream shareholding of upstream impacts whole steel industry. The price of iron ore and the allocation of profits in supply chain have changed much more than general forecast, the research uses turnkey model of outsourcing theory to analyze the impact of downstream shareholding to the steel industry supply chain. In the first part, the three-tier branched supply chain without shareholding gives equilibrium solution to the price of iron ore and the allocation of profits. The comparison between branched supply chain and non-branched supply chain leads to that the manufacturer which provides low level products loses some profit with the rise of iron ore price. In the second part, the three-tier branched supply chain with downstream shareholding also gives equilibrium solution to the price of iron ore and the allocation of profits. The comparison between supply chain with shareholding and supply chain without shareholding leads to that the low level manufacturer suffers more loss. In summary , downstream shareholding raises the whole profit of steel industry supply chain. However, the high level manufacturer and the supplier of iron ore gain all extra profit. The low level manufacturer suffers much more loss than before. To get rid of this trouble, the low level manufacturer needs some improvement in technology to transfer to high level manufacturer and makes some efforts to hold suppliers.%研究了下游对上游持股情况下的上游占优三级供应链模型.采用外包理论中买卖结构的土耳其模型为基本框架,并在下游分为两条支链,运用博弈论的观点和方法研究比较了在无持股与有持股情况下铁矿石的均衡价格以及供应链各成员之间的利润分配.最后模型分析结果揭示了下游持股对供应链整体及其他支链的影响.当某一支链的下游对上游垄断的供应商持股时,会增加自身和上游供应商的利润,但同时也会对另一条支链的下游利润和产量不利影响.

  12. A Qualitative Study to Explore the Supply Chain Management in the Indonesia Pepper Industry: Case Study of Black and White Pepper

    OpenAIRE

    Kusuma, Fikar Ramadhan

    2009-01-01

    In today’s business, supply chain management is considered as the key business objective which creates they way managers perceive on the company’s supply chain. Application on supply chain management has to bring added value and business benefit for the company, such as increase process efficiency, customers’ satisfaction, responsiveness, eliminate waste, lower inventory that meets demand, and reduce the need of working capital. Hence, companies can distinguish itself within the virtue of the...

  13. 复杂网络视角下链式产业集群竞争优势分析——以柳市低压电器产业集群为例%Competitive Advantage of Supply-Chain-Style Industrial Cluster from the Perspective of Complex Network a Case of Liushi Electric Appliance Industrial Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡彬清; 陈国宏

    2012-01-01

    由集群网络和供应链网络耦合而形成的基于供应链的产业集群(链式产业集群)成为值得深入研究的集群类型。结合相关理论,分析链式产业集群的形成、内涵和网络特征以及链式集群网络的竞争优势。研究表明,链式产业集群网络具有平均路径短,度分布不均匀,聚集系数高的网络结构特征,在生产、创新和抗风险等方面具有强大的竞争优势。促进供应链内及链间组织的紧密联系,保持链式产业集群网络的开放性、培育和保护网络集散节点是增强其竞争优势的关键。最后,以温州柳市低压电器产业集群发展进行实证分析。%Based on the network trend in the research of industrial cluster and supply chain, supply-chain-style industrial cluster is well worth researching cluster type. The formation and characteristics of supply-chain-style industrial cluster network are analyzed. Based on the theory of complex network, the network structure of supply-chain-style industrial cluster and its competitive advantage are analyzed. The results showed that supply-chain-style industrial cluster network has short average path, uneven distribution of degrees and high gathered coefficient and it has strong competitive advantages in production, innovation and risk resistant. Promoting the contractions in supply chain and among supply chains, keeping supply-chain-style industrial cluster network open and cultivating and protecting network distribution node is the key to enhance its competitive advantage. Finally, the development of Liushi electric appliance industry cluster is applied to empirical analysis.

  14. 辽宁省装备制造业供应链治理结构与供应链绩效关系研究%The Relationship between Supply Chain Governance Structure and Supply Chain Performance of Equipment Manufacturing Industries in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡锐; 张慧

    2014-01-01

    以辽宁省装备制造业为研究对象,通过对供应链治理结构与供应链绩效之间关系的分析得出:关系型和合同型两种治理结构都能对供应链绩效产生正向影响,但随着供应链合作伙伴关系进一步推进,关系型治理对供应链绩效的贡献程度更高。辽宁省装备制造企业应该根据供应链的内部特点、外部环境等积极进行相应治理,来提高供应链响应速度、顾客满意度等,最终提高供应链绩效。此外,辽宁省装备制造业应该准确识别供应链柔性程度,根据其来选择不同类型治理结构,确保能够避免过分依赖合同治理或关系治理来降低供应链合作伙伴关系中效率低下或机会主义风险。%Taking the equipment manufacturing industry in Liaoning province as the object, the study analyzes the relationship between supply chain governance structure and supply chain performance. It concludes that both governance structures in terms of relationship type and contract type could exert positive influence to the performance of the supply chain;however, with the improvement of the partnership of supply chain participants, relationship type governance structure contributes more to the performance. The equipment manufacturing in-dustry in Liaoning province should take certain governance approaches in according to the internal characteristics and external environ-ment of supply chains, so as to promote the response speed of supply chains and customer satisfaction degree for increasing the supply chain performance finally. Apart from that, the industry should identify exactly the flexibility degree of supply chains and chose different type of governance structures based on the identification. By doing so, excessive dependence of contract governance or relationship gover-nance may be evaded, lessening the risks of low efficiency and opportunism in the supply chain partnership.

  15. Research on Framework Design of Industrial Control System for Cyber-Security Defenses%工业控制系统网络安全防护体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亚亮; 杨海军; 姚钦锋; 戴沁芸

    2013-01-01

    文章在阐述工业控制系统(ICS)网络概念与特点的基础上,深入分析其安全威胁及脆弱性,提出运用“深度防御”思想,以ICS资产功能及重要性为安全域划分依据,从技术与管理两个维度设计适用于ICS的网络安全防护体系。%Security threats and vulnerabilities are analyzed in depth in this paper, which is based on the network concept and the characteristic of the industrial control system (ICS). Subsequently, Framework design of industrial control system for cyber-security defenses is proposed by the use of“defense-in-depth”thought, combining with technology and management measures, separating the function and the importance of ICS asset into several security zones.

  16. Research on the Transformation and Upgrading of Traditional Industry in Wanjiang City Belt from the Supply Side%从供给侧推动皖江城市带传统产业转型升级研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玲

    2016-01-01

    According to the current strategic task which includes resolving capacity, getting rid of inventory, deleveraging, reducing costs and making up the short board, the central government has deployed strategic measure that is structural reform from supply side. On the basis of the analysis about the opportunities and challenges, the article puts forward the following suggestions on how to promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries in Wanjiang City Belt from the supply side. The first, we should adhere to the Mar-ket-oriented orientation of industry so that we can accurate position structural reform direction from supply side in Wanjiang City Belt;The second, we should optimize the stock and increment of industry so that we can improve the quality and efficiency of supply system in Wanjiang City Belt; The third, we should construct the quick acting promotion mechanism of industry so that we can enhance the adapt-ability and flexibility of the supply structure to the change of demand in Wanjiang City Belt; The fourth, we should optimize the industrial factor supply to improve the total factor productivity of Wanjiang City Belt.%针对当前“去产能、去库存、去杠杆、降成本、补短板”的战略任务,中央部署了供给侧结构性改革的战略举措。就如何从供给侧推动皖江城市带传统产业转型升级,在分析其面临的机遇与挑战的基础上,提出了以下建议:坚持产业市场化导向,准确定位皖江城市带供给侧结构性改革方向;优化存量与增量产业,提高皖江城市带供给体系质量和效率;构建速效产业推进机制,增强皖江城市带供给结构对需求变化的适应性和灵活性;优化产业要素供给,提高皖江城市带全要素生产率。

  17. S OM神经网络在生猪绿色供应链绩效评价中的应用%Application of SOM Neural Network in Performance Evaluation of Green Supply Chain for Pig Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何开伦; 李伟; 程创业

    2014-01-01

    In complying with the principle of performance evaluation and four dimensions,the paper chooses four dimensions,including the business process execution level of Green Supply Chain for Pig Industry,operational performance level,performance level of node enterprise and green level,to build the performance evaluation of Green Supply Chain for Pig Industry.Then after building a SOM model by the self-organizing map neural network Matlab software,the paper uses this model to perform data clustering analysis for Green Supply Chain for Pig Industry,and obtains the clustering results and characteristics,namely performance evaluation results and performance characteristics.The results show that the method can objectively and accurately evaluate the performance evaluation of Green Sup-ply Chain for Pig Industry.Therefore,a new way is provided for the performance evaluation of Green Supply Chain for Pig Industry,and the paper comes up with the suggestions for the promotion of the green live pig supply chain.%遵循绩效评价指标选取原则,在选择生猪绿色供应链业务流程执行水平、运作绩效水平、节点企业绩效水平和绿色水平4个维度的基础上,构建了生猪绿色供应链绩效评价指标体系。然后利用自组织映射神经网络Matlab软件建立了SOM模型,并使用该模型对生猪绿色供应链绩效评价数据进行聚类分析,得出的聚类结果和特征即为绩效评价结果和绩效特征。实证分析结果表明:该方法可以对生猪绿色供应链绩效进行客观、准确的评价,从而为生猪绿色供应链绩效评价提供了一种新的途径。最后提出了发展生猪绿色供应链的相关建议。

  18. Study on Restructuring and Integration of Supply Chain of Tourism Industry Based on Modern Logistics Ideology%基于现代物流理念的旅游产业供应链重塑和整合研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张巍巍

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we first analyzed the inner driving forces in the integration and restructuring of the supply chain of the tourism industry and the modern logistics ideology, then studied the application of the modern logistics ideology in integrating the supply chain of the tourism supply chain on three aspects, which were functional integration of the supply chain of the tourism industry, maximization of value of consumer tourist services, as well as the objective demand for improving the service quality of tourism industry supply chain and implementing integrated development strategy. At the end, we proposed the solution of the restructuring and integration based on modem logistics ideology.%现代物流产业和旅游产业的发展呈现出了较大的关联性和互补机制,旅游产业供应链运作中客观上需要引入现代物流理念对其运作经营和管理服务进行整合和改造.首先分析了旅游产业供应链和现代物流理念整合重塑的内在驱动力,接着从以下三个方面探讨了现代物流理念在旅游供应链整合中的应用,即旅游产业供应链功能集成和整合、旅游消费者旅游服务价值最大化以及提升旅游产业供应链服务质量和实施一体化发展战略的客观需要,最后提出了基于现代物流理念的旅游产业供应链重塑和整合方案.

  19. Análise da gestão da cadeia de suprimentos na indústria de computadores An analysis of supply chain management in the computer industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo H. Parra

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos a competição tem crescido significativamente no mundo industrial, provocando o surgimento de novos desafios e oportunidades na forma de organizar e gerenciar a produção. Nesse contexto, a gestão da cadeia de suprimentos (Supply Chain Management - SCM tem emergido como uma nova e promissora maneira de obter vantagens competitivas no mercado. Por sua vez, a indústria de computadores apresenta um conjunto de fatores que dificultam uma gestão mais efetiva da cadeia de suprimentos, em razão, principalmente, da velocidade das inovações tecnológicas no setor. Este trabalho tem por objetivo básico apresentar uma análise geral da gestão da cadeia de suprimentos na indústria de computadores, com foco na cadeia de abastecimento. O estudo teve o suporte de uma pesquisa conduzida em um grande e representativo produtor mundial de computadores que opera no Brasil.During the last years, competition has increased significantly in the industrial world and has created a set of new challenges and opportunities in the way of organizing and managing the production. In this context, supply chain management has emerged as a new and promising frontier for reaching competitive advantages within the marketplace. On the other hand, the computer industry shows a series of characteristics that make difficult to achieve effectiveness in the supply chain management, due mainly to the speed of the technological innovations in the sector. This article has the basic purpose of showing a general analysis of the supply chain management within the computer industry and with focus on its inbound chain. The research was supported by a research conducted in a large and representative worldwide computer manufacturer operating in Brazil.

  20. 我国锰业绿色供应链绩效评价研究%A Research on Green Supply Chains in Performance Evaluation of Mn Industry of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒忠安

    2016-01-01

    随着我国锰业的不断发展,环境污染问题却日益严重。这说明我国传统的锰业供应链管理已经不能适应发展要求。因此,有必要在我国锰业快速发展的基础上引入绿色供应链管理模式,从而改善我国锰业的发展情况。通过对绿色供应链,绩效评价和我国锰业行业状态的综合分析。以绿色供应链绩效评价为视角,综合阐述我国锰业引入绿色供应链绩效评价机制的必要性与引入方法,以期为我国锰业的发展以及引入绿色供应链绩效评价机制做出理论上的贡献。%With the continuous development of economy,China’s manganese industry meets a period of rapid development.In continuous development of manganese industry, the environmental pollution has become increasingly serious.Ecological destruction is also increasing.It shows that China’s traditional manganese supply chain management has been unable to meet the development requirements.Therefore,it is necessary to introduce the green supply chain management mode on the basis of the rapid development of China’s manganese industry to improve the development of China’s manganese industry.In this paper,author has his analysis of performance evaluation of China’s manganese industry status.This paper describes the necessity and the introduction of the green supply chain performance evaluation mechanism in the view of green supply chain performance evaluation,as makes a theoretical contribution to the development of China’s manganese industry and the introduction of green supply chain performance evaluation mechanism.

  1. A Circular Economy Perspective on Establishment of Green Supply Chain for Coking Industry in Hebei%循环经济下河北省焦化产业绿色供应链的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜

    2013-01-01

    首先分析了循环经济与绿色供应链管理的内涵及两者间的联动关系,接着总结了河北省焦化产业面临的良好发展环境与产能优势,同时指出了河北焦化产业遭遇的发展瓶颈问题,最后结合绿色供应链管理理念,从企业内外部管理两方面,提出了河北焦化产业绿色供应链的构建策略.%In this paper, we first analyzed the connotation of circular economy and green supply chain management as well as the relationship between the two, then summarized the favorable environment and advantage for the development of the coking industry in Hebei and at the same time the bottleneck the industry faced. At the end, in connection with te concept of green supply chain and regarding the internal and external management of the enterprise, we proposed the strategy to construct the green supply chain of the coking industry in Hebei,

  2. 家电行业绿色供应链的政企博弈模型%Game Model between Governments and Enterprises in the Green Supply Chain of the Home Appliance Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐爱; 胡祥培; 高树风

    2012-01-01

    Green supply chain management is an effective management approach for the home appliance industry to pursue the strategy of sustainable development and improve product international competitiveness. In this paper, a game model is proposed to study the relationship and game status between governments and enterprises in the green supply chain of the home appliance industry. Through the equilibrium analysis of the game model, some countermeasures are put forward, which can be adopted by the government to improve the construction of the green supply chain in the home appliance industry.%绿色供应链管理是家电行业推行可持续发展战略、提高产品国际竞争力的一种有效管理模式.文章构建了一个博弈模型以研究家电行业绿色供应链中政府与家电企业之间的关系以及博弈状态.通过对博弈模型的均衡分析,给出了一些政府可以采取的措施以推进家电行业绿色供应链的建设.

  3. 2004 annual report. Defense, safety, energy, information, health. CEA in the center of big European challenges; Rapport annuel 2004. Defense, securite, energie, information, sante. Le CEA au coeur des grands defis europeens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document is the 2004 annual report of the French atomic energy commission (CEA). It presents the R and D activities of the CEA in three main domains: 1 - defense and safety, maintaining perenniality of nuclear dissuasion and nuclear safety: supplying nuclear weapons to armies, maintaining dissuasion capability with the simulation program, sharing R and D means with the scientific community and the industrial world, designing and maintaining naval nuclear propulsion reactors, cleansing Marcoule and Pierrelatte facilities, monitoring treaties and fighting against proliferation and terrorism; 2 - energy, developing more competitive and cleaner energy sources: nuclear waste management, optimization of industrial nuclear activities, future nuclear systems and new energy technologies, basic research on energy, radiobiology and toxicology; 3 - information and health, valorizing industry thanks to technological research and supplying new tools for health and medical research: micro- and nano-technologies, software technologies, basic research for industrial innovation, nuclear technologies for health and bio-technologies. (J.S.)

  4. 面向生态工业群关联供应链运作模式研究%Operational Patterns of Interrelated Supply Chain for Eco-industrial Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海燕; 夏文汇

    2011-01-01

    结合生态工业群的特点,提出了生态工业群关联供应链三种主要运作模式:主辅一体化、对等一体化、并行契约型,并对比分析了各种模式的基本框架特征及运营机制.以期为关联供应链运营提供决策借鉴,推动关联供应链在工业废弃物再利用中的实践.%The paper puts forward the three main operational patterns of interrelated supply chains (ISC) based on the characteristics of the eco-industrial cluster, which are, respectively, integration of leading and auxiliary supply chains, integration ofsame-level supply chains and contract of parallel supply chains. Furthermore, the paper analyzes in detail the conceptual framework and operational mechanism of the three patterns, the purposes of which are to provide decision support for interrelated supply chain operation and promote the implementation of ISC in wastes reusing.

  5. Evaluation of Green Supply Chain for Pig Industry Based on Hopfield Neural Network%基于霍普菲尔德神经网络的生猪绿色供应链评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何开伦; 邓小翠

    2014-01-01

    生猪产业是我国农业的核心产业,有效的生猪绿色供应链绩效评价,有助于保护农业环境、保障猪肉食品安全、提高农产品质量和供应链整体运作。基于绩效评价原则,从生猪绿色供应链业务流程执行水平、运作绩效水平、节点企业绩效水平、绿色水平4个方面为生猪加工配送企业建立了一个三级评价指标体系,并利用离散霍普菲尔神经网络模型对某企业2007-2011年绿色供应链实施评价,研究表明:基于离散霍普菲尔神经网络的生猪绿色供应链评价是合理而有效的。%Pig industry is the core of Chinese agriculture.Effective evaluation of green supply chain for pig industry can contribute to the protection of agricultural environment,and ensure the quality and safety of agricultural products to raise the level of quality of agricultural products and efficiency of sup-ply chain operation.According to evaluation principle,we choose a three-tiered evaluation indicator sys-tem from four respects including the level of business process execution,supply chain operational per-formance,node enterprises performance,green horizontal to evaluate Green Supply Chain for pig indus-try,as well as the application method of the Discrete Hopfield Neural Network model applied in evalua-tion of 2007-201 1 green supply chain performance for pig industry.The study shows that evaluation of green supply chain for pig industry based on Hopfield Neural Network is reasonable and effective.

  6. Supply Chain Innovation Mode of Low Carbon Forestry Industry from Ecological Compensation Perspective---Analysis on Forestry Industry Investigation in Huanggang%生态补偿视角的低碳林业产业供应链创新模式初探--对黄冈市林业产业调查的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨辉鹏

    2013-01-01

    Taking the forestry industry in Huanggang city as an example, according to the analysis of the existing problems, the thesis analyzed the forming mechanism of low carbon forestry industry supply chain based on ecological compensation, pointed out that the government should play a leading role in low carbon forestry industry chain construction, make expansion and extension of forest economic industrial chain, and conduct the implementation of low carbonization forestry green supply chain management, which is the operation guarantee of low carbon forestry industry supply chain from the perspective of ecological compensation.%以黄冈市林业产业为例,有针对性地调查分析其存在的问题,剖析基于生态补偿的低碳林业产业供应链的形成机理,指出发挥政府在构建低碳林业产业链中的主导作用,拓展与延伸林下经济产业链条,实施基于低碳化的林业绿色供应链管理,是生态补偿视角的低碳林业产业供应链的运行保障。

  7. 黑龙江省国有森工林业产业供应链可持续发展能力的稳定性分析%Stability Analysis on Capacity for Sustainable Development of State-Owned Forestry Industry Supply Chains of Forest Industry in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明娟; 田国双

    2012-01-01

    对黑龙江省国有森工林业产业供应链的可持续发展能力展开研究,依据可持续发展的概念作为基本理论,从宏观角度分析黑龙江省国有森工林业产业可持续发展应具备的核心思想.根据黑龙江省国有森工林业产业特点建立供应链可持续发展稳定性分析模型,分析目前黑龙江省国有森工林业产业供应链可持续发展能力的稳定性,并提出相应的对策措施.%The concept of sustainable development is applied to the study of capacity for sustainable development of state-owned forestry industry supply chains of forest industry in Heilongjiang Province. The core idea for sustainable development of state-owned forestry industry in Heilongjiang Province is analyzed from macroscopic angle. A model for stability analysis of sustainable development of supply chains is established according to the characteristics of the state-owned forestry industry in Heilongjiang. The stability of current capacity for sustainable development of state-owned forestry industry supply chains is analyzed, and corresponding countermeasures are also put forward.

  8. Manufacturing Technology Support (MATES) II Task Order 0006: Air Force Technology and Industrial Base Research and Analysis. Subtask Order 0004: Study on Supply Chains and Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    tier visibility. For each scenario, relevant supply chain metrics were identified using the Supply Chain Operations Reference ( SCOR ®) model . These...chain metrics follow the SCOR model , although they can be changed to a different model at any time. The purpose of identifying relevant metrics is...AF Manufacturing Technology (ManTech) organization has a lengthy history of exploring and adapting leading edge business models to improve the

  9. 77 FR 43077 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Economic Purchase Quantity-Supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-23

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; Economic Purchase Quantity--Supplies AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DOD... approved information collection requirement concerning Economic Purchase Quantity--Supplies. Public...: Submit comments identified by Information Collection 9000- 0082, Economic Purchase Quantity--Supplies, by...

  10. The equipment supply industry to sugar mills, ethanol and energy in Brazil: an analysis based in leading companies and key-organizations of sector and of LPA of Sertãozinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Castro Carrijo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the profile, organization, efficiency and innovation in the supply industry equipment for sugar mills, ethanol and energy in Brazil, contributing to an important discussion on the competitiveness of this industry. Therefore, the study was based on analysis of information obtained from two surveys: the first held with representative organizations and two industry-leading companies located in the cities of Sertãozinho and Piracicaba; and the second, through interviews with companies in the Local Productive Arrangement (LPA of Sertãozinho, known as the Silicon Valley Ethanol. The results suggest that the increasing modernization of the sector will require greater efforts from equipment industry to provide plants with the necessary technological innovations and potential efficiency gains and that the constituent companies of this industry, few invest in technology and professional training, in other words, are lacking in management training, which leads to loss of valuable opportunities, international market share is tiny, most companies turn to private sources of financing, and companies seem unaware of the real benefits of cooperation, although they appear in most companies in this industry.

  11. Industrial Implementation of Environmentally Friendly Nanometal Electroplating Process for Chromium and Copper Beryllium Replacement using Low Cost Pulse Current Power Supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-10

    protection such as preferred methods for controlling exposure, respiratory protection, protective work clothing and equipment, hygiene areas and practices...aerospace, defense and sporting good applications by making more durable, stronger and lightweight products based on its electrodeposited...PowerMetal, a subcontractor facility . Technology transfer was completed by Integran’s issuance of a Technical Data Sheet for the nCoP plating process

  12. Study of Implementation of Green Supply Chain management in Electronics Industry Based on System Dynamics%电子行业绿色供应链管理实施的系统动力学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小青

    2012-01-01

    指出了电子行业资源消耗、环境污染与经济发展的矛盾日益凸显,实施绿色供应链管理是电子企业寻求可持续发展的出路。应用系统动力学对电子企业实施绿色供应链进行了建模,从企业外部环境约束及企业自身内部环境两方面对电子行业绿色供应链管理的实施提供了理论依据和具体措施。%The conflict between resource consumption, environmental pollution and economic development in the electronics industry is increasingly prominent, therefore, the implementation of green supply chain management is the way out of the electronics companies to seek sustainable development. This article uses the system dynamics to establish a model for the electronics companies to implement green supply chain strategy, and provides theoretical basis and specific measures for the implementation of green supply chain management in the electronics industry from the aspects of both outside of the enterorise envlronment constraints and the corporate internal environments.

  13. Molecular strategies of plant defense and insect counter-defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KEYANZHU-SALZMAN; JIAN-LONGBI; TONG-XIANLIU

    2005-01-01

    The prediction of human population growth worldwide indicates there will be a need to substantially increase food production in order to meet the demand on food supply.This can be achieved in part by the effective management of insect pests. Since plants have co-evolved with herbivorous insects for millions of years, they have developed an array of defense genes to protect themselves against a wide variety of chewing and sucking insects.Using these naturally-occurring genes via genetic engineering represents an environmentally friendly insect pest-control measure. Insects, however, have been actively evolving adaptive mechanisms to evade natural plant defenses. Such evolved adaptability undoubtedly has helped insects during the last century to rapidly overcome a great many humanimposed management practices and agents, including chemical insecticides and genetically engineered plants. Thus, better understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of plant defense and insect counter-defense mechanisms is imperative, not only from a basic science perspective, but also for biotechnology-based pest control practice. In this review, we emphasize the recent advance and understanding of molecular strategies of attack-counterattack and defense-counter-defense between plants and their herbivores.

  14. Petroleum supply monthly, April 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-04-01

    Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographical regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the US. The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the US.

  15. Electricity supply contracts: Optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rossi, G.; Vezzoni, M.; Grassani, E. (Sistemi Integrati per il Risparmio Energetico, Pavia (Italy) Necchi Compressori, Pavia (Italy))

    1991-10-01

    This paper presents a computer program, ACEE (Electrical Energy Consumption Analysis), developed to assist industrial firms in Italy to determine their electrical power consumption, optimize it through production process interventions, and then utilize the results to draft up optimum electricity supply contracts with ENEL (Italian National Electricity Board). The program also allows the user to properly budget future allocations for electricity costs.

  16. 基于类BCG模型的产业集聚区供电保障能力评估%Evaluation of Power Supply Capacity in Industrial Cluster District Based on Modified BCG Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓东; 王江波; 董慧峰; 蒋小亮; 陈晨

    2012-01-01

    分析了产业集聚区供电保障能力评估的研究框架,提出了用电关联度、用电充裕度指标,结合BCG模型及集聚区供用电现状构建了基于优先关注度矩阵的产业集聚区供电保障能力评估模型,并以河南省产业集聚区供用电为例进行分析,为优化河南省电力公司集聚区后期的电网规划方案提供了依据.%Based on the analysis of evaluating framework of power supply capacity in industrial cluster district, this paper puts forward the evaluating indices including power supply adequacy and power correlation, establishes a model combined with the advantage of BCG matrix (Boston matrix) and the present situation of power supply, which is to be applied to the evaluation of power supply capacity. Taking Henan province for an example, it provides basis for optimizing power grid planning in cluster district.

  17. Petroleum supply monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blends, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

  18. Petroleum Supply Monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

  19. Supply chain risk management; Lieferung mit Risiko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kersten, Wolfgang; Hohrath, Philipp [Technische Univ. Hamburg-Harburg, Hamburg (Germany). Inst. fuer Logistik und Unternehmensfuehrung; Scholl, Jan [Pleyma GmbH, Hamburg (Germany)

    2010-03-15

    In spite of the high risk involved, about 40 percent of all wind power systems do not have a supply chain risk management. This is due to the supply structures of this relatively young industry. (orig.)

  20. CoJet technology for oxygen injection injection in EAFS - industrial gases supply and customers productivity improvements; Tecnologia CoJet para injecao de oxigenio em FEAS - fornecimento de gases e aumento da produtividade dos clientes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marques, Izaias Lucas; Zagury, Pedro Athias [White Martins Gases Industriais Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    PRAXAIR is one of the largest industrial gases producers of the World, being present in more than 40 countries and strongly connected to the steel industry. PRAXAIR has experience to supply products and services to all kinds of steel mills. Several technologies developed by the Company, such as CoJet (a system to coherent oxygen jet injection in EAF and BOF furnaces), Slag Splashing (splashing slag to cover BOF furnaces walls increasing refractory wear campaign life), AOD (a process for specialty steel production) and others, are currently in commercial operation in different parts of the world. In Brazil, Praxair is the owner of White Martins, the largest industrial gases company in South America, present in nine countries of the continent. Company's portfolio includes atmospheric gases, carbonic gas production, acetylene, hydrogen, specialty and health and care gases, mixtures for welding, gas seamless steel cylinders, applications equipment, and storage and gases transportation. The Company also operates a natural gas liquefaction unit. In addition to technologies and process, Praxair / White Martins can also supply solutions for measurement, control and gases injection, according to strict safety and quality standards. The present work has the objective to show the benefits of the CoJet EAF System, oxygen injectors positioned in the furnace walls. In 2009, two systems have been installed in South American mills and the results achieved will be following discussed. (author)

  1. 基于绿色供应链管理的山东半岛纺织业信息化路径分析%Analysis on Informatization Path of Textile Industry in Shandong Peninsula Based on Green Supply Chain Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨学坤

    2012-01-01

    研究绿色纺织供应链流程及其信息化实施周期,以重点行业为依托实施信息化,满足纺织业中不同细分行业的信息化需求,从纺织企业的产品设计、生产、营销、经营管理等方面,分析山东半岛纺织业实施绿色供应链管理信息化的路径.%The paper carries out the research on the green supply chain process of textile and its informatization implementation cycle. The paper suggests that we should strengthen informatization by relying on key sectors, meet informatization needs of different subdivision industry, and analyze informatization path of green supply chain management of textile in Shandong peninsula from aspects of product design, production, marketing, and management, etc.

  2. GREEN INDUSTRIAL BUILDING DESIGN OF TIANJIN ECO-CITY HEAT SUPPLY PLANT%中新天津生态热源厂绿色工业建筑的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟栋; 张杰; 彭慧

    2015-01-01

    Through the case introduction of sino-singapore Tianjin eco-city heat supply plant industrial building design, starting from “green industrial buildings” design concept, and by combining with the heat source plant project in site selection, function demand and structure, this paper investigated the heat source plant green industrial building design, particularly in terms of energy conservation and environmental protection design in order to advocate the application of green industrial building design and form a new pattern of the industrial building design that would be helpful to the development of modern and future society gradually.%通过介绍中新天津生态城热源厂工业建筑设计的案例,从“绿色工业建筑”设计理念出发,结合热源厂项目的选址、功能需求、建筑结构等特点,对热源厂绿色工业建筑的方案设计生成,特别是节能环保方面的设计进行研究。以倡导绿色工业建筑设计的应用,并逐渐形成对于现代及未来社会发展有益的绿色工业建筑设计模式。

  3. Guarantee of supply in the Spanish electricity industry has improved substantially; La seguridad de suministro en el sector electrico espanol ha mejorado sustancialmente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bayo, I. F.

    2009-07-01

    The president of the National Energy Commission talks about the Spanish electricity and gas management system, its weaknesses and the need to progress towards a European single energy market model allowing supplies to be guaranteed in all the countries of the European Union. (Author)

  4. Supply chain risk management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Hollstein

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Supply chain risk management increasingly gains prominence in many international industries. In order to strengthen supply chain structures, processes, and networks, adequate potentials for risk management need to be built (focus on effective logistics and to be utilized (focus on efficient logistics. Natural-based disasters, such as the case of Fukushima, illustrate how crucial risk management is. Method: By aligning a theoretical-conceptual framework with empirical-inductive findings, it may be hypothesized that logistical systems do have a positive effect on supply chain risk management activities.  Result/conclusion:  Flexibility and capacity, as well as redundancy and standardization, are often viewed as being conflictionary. It shows, however, that in the light of supply chain risk management, those factors may yield a common benefit if proper logistics systems are applied.  

  5. Industrial Chain: Industrial Vertical Definition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YifeiDu; GuojunJiang; ShimingLi

    2004-01-01

    Like value chain and supply chain, “industrial chain” becomes the focus of attention. The implication of “industrial chain” has gained a large range of extension. It not only expresses the industrial “chain” structure and relationship of “back and forward”in order or “up and down” in direction, but also it represents a cluster of large scale of firms in an area or colony. It is a network, or a community. Consequently, we conclude that “industrial chain” is a synthesis of industrial chain, industrial cluster, or industrial network.In this article, firstly we will distinguish industry chain from industry. An industry is the collection of firms that have the same attribute, so an industry can be defined by firm collection of certain attribute. We indicate that industrial chain is a kind of vertical and orderly industrial link. It is defined according to a series of specific product or service created. Secondly we analyze the vertical orderly defiinition process from the aspects of social division of labor and requirement division, self-organization system, and value analysis.Non-symmetry and depending on system or community of large scale of industrial units lead to entire industry to “orderly” structure. On the other hand, the draught of diversity and complexity of requirement simultaneously lead to entire industry to be more “orderly”. Along with processes of self-organization, industrial will appi'oach the state of more orderly and steady, and constantly make industrial chain upgrade. Each firm or unit, who will gain the value, has to establish channels of value, which we called “industrial value chain”. Lastly,we discuss the consequence of vertical and orderly definition, which is exhibited by a certain relationship body. The typical forms of industrial chain include industrial cluster, strategy alliance and vertical integration etc.

  6. Nanomaterials for Defense Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turaga, Uday; Singh, Vinitkumar; Lalagiri, Muralidhar; Kiekens, Paul; Ramkumar, Seshadri S.

    Nanotechnology has found a number of applications in electronics and healthcare. Within the textile field, applications of nanotechnology have been limited to filters, protective liners for chemical and biological clothing and nanocoatings. This chapter presents an overview of the applications of nanomaterials such as nanofibers and nanoparticles that are of use to military and industrial sectors. An effort has been made to categorize nanofibers based on the method of production. This chapter particularly focuses on a few latest developments that have taken place with regard to the application of nanomaterials such as metal oxides in the defense arena.

  7. 面向制造业的集成高效供应链管理系统开发与应用%Development and application of integrated efficient supply chain management system for manufacturing industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李巍

    2013-01-01

    According to the characteristics of cable manufacturing industry,an organization mode and management method of advanced supply chain management(SCM)for this industry are proposed. The object⁃oriented method and the thought of modu⁃larization are adopted in the system. The SCM system combining ERP system is developed based on J2EE architecture,whose characteristics are flexible structure,rapid reconstruction,easy expansion and maintenance. The system can pan,coordinate and control logistics,information flow,business flow,capital flow and so on within the whole supply chain. As a result,it pro⁃motes the levels of informatization and the supply chain management for cable manufacturing industry.%  针对线缆制造行业的特点,提出适合该行业的先进SCM组织模式和管理方法。系统采用面向对象的方法及组件化的思想,开发与ERP系统结合的SCM系统。系统基于J2EE架构,具有结构灵活、可快速重构、易扩充和易维护的特点。系统实现了对整个供应链范围内的物流、信息流、业务流、资金流进行计划、协调和控制,提升了线缆制造行业的信息化水平和供应链管理水平。

  8. Petroleum supply monthly, August 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    This publication the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. Data presented are divided into Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

  9. Petroleum supply monthly, August 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    This publication the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. Data presented are divided into Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

  10. Supply chain planning classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hvolby, Hans-Henrik; Trienekens, Jacques; Bonde, Hans

    2001-10-01

    Industry experience a need to shift in focus from internal production planning towards planning in the supply network. In this respect customer oriented thinking becomes almost a common good amongst companies in the supply network. An increase in the use of information technology is needed to enable companies to better tune their production planning with customers and suppliers. Information technology opportunities and supply chain planning systems facilitate companies to monitor and control their supplier network. In spite if these developments, most links in today's supply chains make individual plans, because the real demand information is not available throughout the chain. The current systems and processes of the supply chains are not designed to meet the requirements now placed upon them. For long term relationships with suppliers and customers, an integrated decision-making process is needed in order to obtain a satisfactory result for all parties. Especially when customized production and short lead-time is in focus. An effective value chain makes inventory available and visible among the value chain members, minimizes response time and optimizes total inventory value held throughout the chain. In this paper a supply chain planning classification grid is presented based current manufacturing classifications and supply chain planning initiatives.

  11. Study on Supply Chain Management Mode in Symbiotic Development of Publishing Industry%出版业共生发展的供应链管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝正军

    2016-01-01

    首先阐述出版专业共生发展的内涵,在分析跨媒体出版管理流程的基础上,提出了构建共生发展的供应链管理模式,并论述分析了该模式的优越性和运行的效果,指出了未来进一步研究的方向。%In this paper, we first went over the connotation of the symbiotic development of the publishing industry, then on the basis of an analysis of the management of the cross-media publishing process, proposed the supply chain management mode for the symbiotic development of the industry, researched the superiority and effect of the mode and at the end, pointed out the direction for future studies.

  12. Project feasibility analysis of cross-straits Supply-Marketing recycling industrial park in Fuzhou%福州市海峡供销再生资源产业园区可行性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方明钦

    2012-01-01

    Feasibility analysis was made on Fuzhou cross-straits Supply-Marketing recycling industrial park, in which the background, content, scale, management and benefits were analyzed. As a long-term project, the industrial park will become the demonstrative base of waste goods recycling and utilization in Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone.%对建设福州市海峡供销再生资源产业园区项目的背景、内容、规模,以及园区开发经营和效益进行可行性分析研究。园区建设作为一个长期项目,将成为海峡西岸经济区重要的废旧商品回收利用示范基地。

  13. Effect Evaluation of Automobile Manufacturing Industry Lean Logistics in Supply Chain Environment%供应链环境下汽车制造业精益物流效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩澂

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, from the aspects of environment, safety, staff, quality, response and cost, we built the automobile manufacturing industry lean logistics effect evaluation index system under the supply chain environment and next, using grey evaluation and AHP, evaluated the effect of the lean logistics of the automobile manufacturing industry.%从环境、安全、人员、质量、响应和成本六个方面构建了相对完整的供应链环境下汽车制造业精益物流效果评价指标体系,并通过灰色评价与层次分析法相结合对汽车制造业精益物流实施效果进行评价,对促进精益物流的发展具有一定的现实意义。

  14. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

  15. Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply, April 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2005-04-01

    The purpose of this report is to determine whether the land resources of the United States are capable of producing a sustainable supply of biomass sufficient to displace 30 percent or more of the country’s present petroleum consumption – the goal set by the Biomass R&D Technical Advisory Committee in their vision for biomass technologies. Accomplishing this goal would require approximately 1 billion dry tons of biomass feedstock per year.

  16. Comprehensive Evaluation of FMCG Supply Chain Risk- A Case Study of Chinese Dairy Industry Supply Chain%FMCG 供应链风险综合评价研究--以中国乳制品供应链为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴继贵; 叶阿忠

    2014-01-01

    As the supply chain management expert Christopher said,the 21 st century is the era of supply chain manage-ment.How to make supply chain risk management efficiently and make the risks under certain level of control will definitely be a challenging task for most of enterprises,especially for those traditional industries like FMCG.The purpose of this arti-cle is to analyze the supply chain risk factors and risk level of FMCG industry by using the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model.After the analysis we think that FMCG enterprises should strengthen the control of their supply chain channels,opti-mize the business process,improve risk warning mechanism and take some other measures to improve their supply chain system’s Immunity to resist uncertain risks from outside world and inner circumstances.%正如供应链管理专家 Christopher 所言,21世纪是供应链的时代,快速消费品(FMCG)企业如何在这供应链管理的时代对供应链风险进行管控将是一项富有挑战性的任务。从供应链风险管理的基本理论出发,在前人研究的基础之上对 FMCG 供应链的风险进行分析,提出适用于 FMCG 供应链的风险评估指标,并采用模糊综合评价分析法对中国乳制品供应链的风险情况进行综合分析。根据分析的结果,FMCG 供应链应当加强供应链渠道建设、流程管理和风险预警机制等方面的措施以提高供应链系统抵抗风险的“免疫力”。

  17. Department of Defense DOD Freedom of Information Act Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-09-01

    processor in previous example. WHITE, Sally 400 .2 Processed FOIA’s part-time while working as paralegal in General Counsel’s Office. PETERS, 1,000 .5 Part...Under Secretary of Defense (Industrial Affairs & Installations) Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Nuclear, Chemical & Biological Defense Programs

  18. Capabilities of technological innovation in companies involved in the defense industry; Capacidades de innovacion tecnologia en empresas relacionadas con la industria de defensa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Briones Penalver, A. J.; Laborda Penalver, F.

    2010-07-01

    This paper studies the capacities related with the innovation types, the technological development, the role of the innovation systems and the institutional aspects. It presents a study of 236 small and medium-sized companies which comprise the defence industry. It examines the innovation strategy and defines the most important factors of technological innovation processes (measures, values and results of innovation). It analyses statistically the causal relationship between strategy and structure, the role of innovation in cooperation and inter company relationships and the dependence relationship in technological innovation capacities of several variables in the innovation processes in these companies. (Author) 65 refs.

  19. Antioxidative defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanović Jelka

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Free radicals occur constantly during metabolism and take part in numerous physiological processes, such as: intra-cellular and inter-cellular signalization, gene expression, removal of damaged or senescent cells, and control of the tone of blood vessels. However, there is an increased quantity of free radicals in situations of so-called oxidative stress, when they cause serious damage to cellular membranes (peroxidation of their lipids, damage of membrane proteins, and similar, to interior cellular protein molecules, as well as DNA molecules and carbohydrates. This is precisely why the organism has developed numerous mechanisms for removing free radicals and/or preventing their production. Some of these are enzyme-related and include superoxide-dismutase, catalase, glutathione-peroxidase, and others. Other, non-enzyme mechanisms, imply antioxidative activities of vitamins E and C, provitamin A, coenzyme Q, reduced glutation, and others. Since free radicals can leave the cell that has produced them and become dispersed throughout the body, in addition to antioxidative defense that functions within cellular structures, antioxidant extra-cellular defense has also been developed. This is comprised by: transferrin, lactoferrin, haptoglobin, hemopexin, ceruloplasmin, albumins, extra-cellular isoform SOD, extracellular glutathione-peroxidase, glucose, bilirubin, urates, and many other molecules.

  20. Study on Development Strategy of Logistics Industrial Cluster in Xiamen Area from the Point of Supply Chain%基于供应链视角的厦门物流产业集群发展策略探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁保国

    2016-01-01

    根据物流产业集群和供应链概念,分析厦门海陆空交通运输基础设施、四大物流园区、制造商贸产业集群物流需求等物流产业供求实际状况,探讨物流需求增长放缓、交通运输基础设施不配套、物流园区竞争优势不突出等供求匹配不协调问题,从供应链角度提出加强物流业与生产制造及商贸流通业联动发展,深化区域物流合作提升需求层次水平,加快推进物流园区转型升级物流产业集群,构建现代航运服务体系培育高端航运服务业具体发展策略。%According to the concept of the logistics industry cluster and supply chain, the paper analyzed Xiamen trans-portation infrastructure and logistics park development actual situation, logistics demand status of manufacturing and trade industry cluster, and it also analyzed logistics demand growth slowed, transport infrastructure coordination problem, the com-petitive advantage of the logistics park is not prominent, put forward to the industry development strategy of strengthening linkage development of the logistics industry with the manu-facturing and commercial industry, deepening regional coopera-tion to enhance the logistics demand level, accelerating the upgrading of logistics park to logistics industry cluster, the construction of modern shipping service system to cultivate high-level shipping service.

  1. 32 CFR 37.700 - What are the requirements for supplies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the requirements for supplies? 37.700 Section 37.700 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Award Terms Affecting Participants'...

  2. [Medical Service of the Estonian Defense Forces].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anisimov, A S; Golota, A S; Krassii, A B; Soldatov, E A; Shalakin, R A

    2015-06-01

    The article is a brief description of the current state of the Estonian Defense Forces medical service and is based on the study of the open access foreign sources. At the beginning, the general information about Estonia, its Defense Forces, and their medical service is presented. Then the medical service particular features are described with more detail, namely, the organization of the inpatient and outpatient treatment, medical supply, scientific research, combat medicine, medical staff education and training, medical service personnel income.

  3. Textile Industry Join in the Supply Chain of International SPA Specialty Apparel Store%福建长乐纺织业加入国际SPA服装专业店供应链研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹丹; 叶翀

    2015-01-01

    文中聚焦福建长乐纺织业,总结现在面临的自主创新能力不足、技术设备落后等发展瓶颈,结合当前国际SPA服装专业店(以下简称国际SPA)良好的发展势头,基于供应链管理的思想,就如何与国际SPA供应链接轨,提出若干对策及建议。%Focusing on Fujian Changle textile industry, this paper summarizes Changle textile industry now is facing development bottleneck such as lack of independent innovation capability,backward technology and equipment and so on.This study combines with the current good development momentum of international SPA specialty apparel store ( hereinafter referred to as the international SPA ) , based on supply chain management theory, then proposes a number of countermeasures and recommendations on how to connect with the supply chain of the international SPA.

  4. Research on the mode of forestry green supply chain for mutualism between industry and ecology%实现产业与生态互利共生的林业绿色供应链模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张智光

    2012-01-01

    为实现绿色中国战略,系统研究了林业绿色供应链模式,在经济与生态的矛盾交织中探索一条互利共生的发展路径.综合运用共生理论、循环经济理论和Multi-Agent技术等,探讨绿色共生型林工一体化供应链的组织模式、运行模式、系统结构与原理以及运行机制.按照从机制到运作的逻辑顺序,依次构建林业绿色供应链的共生关系椭圆轨道模型、多层次结构模型、“三链”共生循环结构模型、5R循环经济结构模型和Multi-Agent运行机制模型等.研究表明,绿色共生型林工一体化供应链是林业产业与生态的共同出路和共生发展的趋势,只有建立绿色共生的运行机制,实现资源链、生态链和价值链的相互促进,绿色中国战略才会有真正的动力和生命力.%The mode of forestry green supply chain is researched systematically, in order to implement the green China strategy by finding a way to solve complex contradictions between economy and ecology. For this purpose, organizational mode, operational mode, system structure and principle, and operational mechanism of green symbiotic supply chain of forest industry integration are studied through comprehensive application of symbiosis theory, circular economy theory, and Multi-Agent technology, etc.. In logical order from theory to operation, elliptical orbit model of symbiotic relationship, Multi-layer structure model, three-chain symbiotic circulation structure model, circular economy 5R structure model, Multi-Agent operational mechanism model, etc. of forestry green supply chain are built step by step. The research shows that green symbiotic supply chain of forest-industry integration is a common outlet and symbiotic development trend for forestry industry and ecology, and that only when operational mechanism of green symbiosis is established for mutual promotion of resources chain, eco-chain and value chain can green China strategy have real power

  5. Supply Chain Modeling: Downstream Risk Assessment Methodology (DRAM) Demonstration of Capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    This work was done for Defense Logistics Agency Strategic Materials (DLA SM) to provide the capability to analyze supply chains of strategic and...of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics , 2013). 9 3. Supply Chain Modeling... Logistics , 2013. Kouvelis, Panos, Lingxiu Dong, Onur Boyabatli, and Rong Li. Handbook of Integrated Risk Management in Global Supply Chains Hoboken, NJ

  6. Analysis of Garment Industry Logistics Management Based on Supply Chain Perspective%供应链视角的服装业物流管理探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭宝玲

    2016-01-01

    需求的多样性、定制化的产品、低的利润率使服装企业面临前所未有的巨大竞争压力,这就要求服装企业必须做出变革。文中首先对服装生产企业面临的社会环境进行分析,其次对生产商供应链的上下游企业和其他制造业供应链管理进行对比,发现其存在的问题,最后从供应链管理的视角,服装企业应如何持续有效的进行管理,提出一系列的建议和对策,以期在竞争日趋激烈的今天实现“横向一体化”,与其他企业合作实现共赢,降低物流成本,提高企业竞争力。%Clothing enterprises are facing tremendous pressure of competition of the hitherto unknown,customized diversity, demand for products,low profit margins,which require enterprises to deal with these situations change.First,The paper analyze the social environment of clothing production enterprise.Second,Through the upstream and downstream enterprises of manufacturers supply chain,supply chain management of other manufacturing enterprise are compared,puts forward the problems of enterprises in supply chain management.In the end,A series of suggestions and countermeasures that how to sustained and effective supply chain management are put forward.In the increasingly fierce competition today the realization of“horizontal integration”,in cooperation with other enterprises and win-win,reduce logistics costs,improve the competitiveness of enterprises.

  7. Nursing Supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Nursing Supplies Page Content Article Body Throughout most of ... budget. (Nursing equipment also makes wonderful baby gifts.) Nursing Bras A well-made nursing bra that comfortably ...

  8. 基于知识供应链的产学研合作收益分配%Profits Allocation of University - Industry - Science Partnership Based on Knowledge Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴树勤

    2012-01-01

    University - Industry - Science Partnership ( UNISPAR) in essence is the management of knowledge supply chain. Compared with the traditional supply chain collaboration, profits allocation of knowledge supply chain puts more emphasis on the importance of knowledge sharing activities. Although UNISPAR can bring about excess earnings, there are many risks, and the rationality of profits allocation is highly related to the triumph of cooperation. This essay adopts a method that combines qualitative and quantitative research and establishes the profits allocation mechanism bonding UNISPAR with technology innovation. Furthermore, empirical analysis of partnership profits allocation methods are carried out with the application of Shapley value from the perspective of knowledge supply chain.%企业与高校和科研院所的产学研合作实质是知识供应链的管理.与传统供应链合作收益分配相比,知识供应链产学研合作收益分配更强调知识共享活动的重要性.尽管产学研合作能够带来超额收益,但是,合作也存在诸多风险,公平合理的收益分配是促进成功合作的动力机制.我们采用定性与定量研究相结合的方法,讨论了产学研合作的技术创新机制,并应用Shapley值法,对基于知识供应链的产学研合作收益分配方法进行实证分析.

  9. 现代服务业供应链整合与上海国际贸易中心建设%Integration of supply chain of modern service industry and the construction of Shanghai's international trade centre

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丙志

    2012-01-01

    In the context of economic globalization, supply chain is increasingly becoming a mainstream mode of production. The capabilities of supply chain management are particularly important. This article investigated Shanghai's business services, financial services, logistics services and information services, analyzed the present situation and problems of the development of the integration of the supply chain during the construction of Shanghai's international trade centre and put forward the suggestions to enhance the ability to integrate the supply chain of modern service industry in Shanghai.%在当今经济全球化背景下,供应链日益成为产业组织的一种主流生产模式,高端与专业性服务业的供应链整合尤为重要。服务企业能否形成以其为核心的供应链,关键取决于各自的供应链管理能力。通过考察上海商贸、金融、物流、计算机与信息服务业等涉及国际贸易中心建设的关键服务行业,在分析上海国际贸易中心建设中现代服务业供应链整合发展的现状与存在问题的基础上,提出上海增强服务业供应链整合能力的对策建议。

  10. Características estruturais, relacionais e gerenciais na cadeia de suprimentos de um condomínio industrial na indústria automobilística Structural, relational and managerial characteristics in supply chain of a condominium in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvio Roberto Ignácio Pires

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas décadas, a contribuição da indústria automobilística tem sido muito representativa em termos de inovações na gestão da cadeia de suprimentos, tais como aquelas contempladas nos modelos de consórcio modular e de condomínio industrial. Este artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa envolvendo diferentes configurações na estrutura de relacionamento entre uma montadora de automóveis e alguns de seus fornecedores, em uma cadeia de suprimentos da indústria automobilística que utiliza o modelo de condomínio industrial. O propósito principal foi verificar, empiricamente, algumas das implicações que a configuração da cadeia de suprimentos exerce sobre elementos importantes na sua gestão, tais como: tipos de relacionamentos, processos logísticos, planejamento de produtos, gestão da produção e medição de desempenho. Os resultados corroboram que a configuração da cadeia é fator determinante na forma como se conduz o relacionamento da montadora com seus fornecedores, influenciando, significativamente, os elementos considerados na análise.In the last decades the contribution of the automotive industry has been very representative in terms of innovations in supply chain management, such as those of the modular consortium and industrial condominium models. In this context, this article presents the findings of a research involving distinct configurations in the relationship structure of an automaker and some of its suppliers in an automotive industry supply chain which uses the industrial condominium model. The main objective was to empirically ascertain some of the implications of the supply chain configuration in important elements of its management, such as the types of relationships, logistic processes, product planning, production management, and performance assessment. The findings confirm that the supply chain configuration is a determining factor in how the automaker's relationship with its suppliers is

  11. A Simple Power Management Scheme with Enhanced Stability for a Solar PV/Wind/Fuel Cell/Grid Fed Hybrid Power Supply Designed for Industrial Loads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Saravanan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a new power conditioner topology with an intelligent power management controller that integrates multiple renewable energy sources such as solar energy, wind energy, and fuel cell energy with battery and AC grid supply as backup to make the best use of their operating characteristics with better reliability than that could be obtained by single renewable energy source based power supply. The proposed embedded controller is programmed to perform MPPT for solar PV panel and WTG, SOC estimation and battery, maintaining a constant voltage at PCC and power flow control by regulating the reference currents of the controller in an instantaneous basis. The instantaneous variation in reference currents of the controller enhances the controller response as it accommodates the effect of continuously varying solar insolation and wind speed in the power management. It also prioritizes the sources for consumption to achieve maximum usage of green energy than grid energy. The simulation results of the proposed power management system with real-time solar radiation and wind velocity data collected from solar centre, KEC, and experimental results for a sporadically varying load demand are presented in this paper and the results are encouraging from reliability and stability perspectives.

  12. In Defense of the Defense: The Continuing Political Value of Denial of Enemy Aims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Space Power Journal | 84 Kraig In Defense of the Defense Feature leaving all of their logistics, population, industrial, energy, food , com- munications...expenditure of effort consists in the wastage of his forces—our destruction of them” (emphases in original).61 He then refers to this de- fensive form of

  13. Proceedings of the 2. annual Canadian Institute conference on human resources planning for the energy industry : implementing practical and proactive strategies for managing workforce supply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This conference discussed issues and approaches concerning human resources in various industries in Canada. A review of human resources issues and employment opportunities in the electricity sector was presented along with opportunities in the petroleum geoscience profession. Various corporations in the oil and gas industry were reviewed in relation to management and human resources development. Reviews of good employers were presented. Various management issues concerning the contingent workforce were also addressed along with issues concerning Aboriginal people seeking employment. Partnerships with educational institutions and the development of apprenticeship programs were discussed. Optimal succession planning strategies were reviewed and best practices in training were examined, including various health and safety programs. The development of employee skills was discussed, as well as performance optimization among employees. The avoidance of wage wars and total compensation strategies were also reviewed. The conference featured 20 presentations, of which 8 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. tabs., figs.

  14. Savings from industrial electronics in water supply and treatment; L'electronique industrielle source d'economie dans la fourniture et le traitement des eaux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonnefoi, P. [Schneider Electric, 92 - Rueil Malmaison (France)

    2003-04-01

    The important part of electrical energy, within the cost of water distribution and treatment, requires water stations to be optimised and/or modernized. Industrial electronic devices intended for control and monitoring, such as starters and electronic variable speed drives, allow between 25 to 30% of electrical energy cost to be saved and adds many functions. Moreover, the expansion of automation, which is linked to the expansion of applications through the Internet, offers new management and savings. (author)

  15. Impact of Production Linkages on Industrial Upgrading in ASEAN, the People’s Republic of China, and India : Organizational Evidence of a Global Supply Chain

    OpenAIRE

    Machikita, Tomohiro; Ueki, Yasushi

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a simple model of industrial upgrading as a result of backward and forward information linkages between upstream and downstream relations. It also serves as an empirical investigation of the impact of mutual knowledge exchange on the knowledge production function using data on firms' self-reported customers and suppliers. Evidence from interconnected firms in Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, and Viet Nam suggests that there are strong spillover effects between downstream ...

  16. Analysis of Defense Products Contract Trends, 1990-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-30

    Analysis of Defense Products Contract Trends , 1990–2014 Andrew Hunter—is a senior fellow in the International Security Program and director of the Defense...a decade, the Defense-Industrial Initiatives Group at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) has analyzed and reported on trends ...countervailing trend of divestments, including Northrop Grumman’s divestment of its shipbuilding business into Huntington Ingalls Industries. As

  17. Inspection of the Defense Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-05

    Valuation OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL INSPECTION OF THE DEFENSE PRISONER OF WAR/MISSING IN ACTION OFFICE Report No. 96-023 November...Information Systems Agency Defense Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Office Defense Supply Service Washington Equal Employment Opportunity Equal...Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Under Secretary of Defense (Policy) Washington Headquarters Services INSPECTOR GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

  18. Petroleum supply monthly, January 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-01-01

    Data presented describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States. The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

  19. 2007:Coal Supply & Demand to Balance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun Yi

    2007-01-01

    @@ The National Development and Reform Commission of China (NDRC)released on August 27 a report on the first-half operation and the second-half expectation of the coal industry.The coal industry is predicted to have a consecutive balance of supply and demand this year with a less strained supply in the second half.

  20. Affordability Constraints in Major Defense Acquisitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    price , this is actually an inverse supply curve. In competitive markets, the inverse supply curve is the firm’s marginal cost curve. When firms have a...support features and functions. The vertical axis represents the unit sale price , inclusive of all life-cycle or total ownership costs as appropriate...Three Defense Programs 3 We can easily extend the example to incorporate cost - plus payment schemes