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Sample records for debate feminismo revolucionario

  1. O sujeito no feminismo: revisitando os debates Revisiting the debates on the subject in feminism

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    Claudia de Lima Costa

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available No presente artigo, examino a condição disciplinar do sujeito no feminismo, sua identidade ambivalente e sua capacidade de agenciamento à luz das discussões sobre identidade, diferença, lugar e enunciação articulados pelas teorias feministas pós-estruturalistas. Tendo em vista que não podemos abordar questões sobre o(s sujeito(s e sua(s identidade(s sem examinarmos os vetores constitutivos dos mesmos, exploro como as teorias feministas têm sido capazes de oferecer definições alternativas (de uma maior positividade do sujeito e da identidade que, mesmo que se apoiando na inevitabilidade epistemológica da desconstrução desses, resistem ao perigo de esvaziá-los de qualquer materialidade.In the present article I revisit the disciplinary status of the subject in feminism, its ambivalent identity and its potential for agency in light of the debates on identity, difference, and the notion of place of enunciation articulated by recent poststructuralist feminist theories. Since one cannot broach questions about the subject and its identity without analyzing their constitutive vectors, in this essay I explore how feminist theories have articulated alternative and more positive accounts of the subject and identity which, without abandoning the epistemological inevitability of the subject's de-construction, nonetheless resist the danger of emptying it of any materiality.

  2. Apuntes para abrir un debate sobre la situación actual del feminismo

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    Lanbroa (Colectivo feminista

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Estas notas son el resultado de un estudio acerca de la violencia contra las mujeres y el feminismo realizado por el grupo feminista Lanbroa. Esta violencia no es nada nuevo; es algo incesante, pero se adapta a las características de la sociedad de hoy. La violencia en contra del feminismo proviene de diferentes esferas sociales, tanto conservadoras como progresistas, de campos tanto culturales como científicos, así como de los medios de comunicación, creando confusión entre las mueres y debilitando el discurso feminista y su organización

  3. Pós-feminismo Postfeminism

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    Ana Gabriela Macedo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Partindo do verbete sobre pós-feminismo do Dicionário da Crítica Feminista (organizado por Ana Gabriela Macedo e Ana Luísa Amaral, proponho a discussão do conceito de pós-feminismo não isoladamente, mas antes por aposição a outros termos e conceitos que de algum modo clarificam a natureza complexa do debate em torno deste termo: contra-feminismo, pós-feminismo, contra-dicção, diferença, imagem, ginocrítica, corpo, ciberfeminismo. Defendo que vivemos no contexto de uma variedade de feminismos plurais, e que o seu discurso oposicional e de resistência é ainda, no mundo de hoje, de total pertinência.Departing from the entry on Postfeminism in the Dicionário da Crítica Feminista (edited by Ana Gabriela Macedo and Ana Luísa Amaral, I discuss the meaning of the concept not in isolation, but in affiliation with other concepts which somehow help to understand the complexity of this debate, e.g., Counter-feminism, Postmodernism, Counter-diction, Difference; Body; Image; Gynocritics, Cyberfeminism. I defend that despite all odds, Feminism still stands as a fundamental "counter-diction," a much needed oppositional discourse in our day and age.

  4. El feminismo comparativo

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    Temma Kaplan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available En esta entrevista, Àngels Carabí y Temma Kaplan hablan de los orígenes y la evolución del movimiento feminista en los Estados Unidos, que surgió de los movimientos de los derechos civiles y que tenía un objetivo común: conseguir los derechos civiles para todas las mujeres, independientemente de la raza o la clase social a la que pertenecían. Uno e los temas principales era el derecho al control sobre su propio cuerpo, con las metas iniciales de permitir los contraconceptivos y el aborto, pero también el derecho a tener hijos –denegado a muchas mujeres marginadas. Más tarde el debate sobre la sexualidad ganó importancia. Otro objetivo era dar voz a mujeres de grupos minoritarios. Los estudios actuales sobre las masculinidades han tenido asimismo una influencia positiva en el desarrollo del feminismo, ya que ni las mujeres ni los hombres pueden ser estudiados como identidades problemáticas o separadas.

  5. Feminismos no Nordeste brasileiro

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    O feminismo no Brasil é remanescente do movimento sufragista que eclode no século XIX, tem suas primeiras “vitórias” no início do século XX e mudanças substanciais no final desse século. Tais mudanças, entretanto, não se deram de forma natural, uma vez que mudanças sociais são resultantes de processos de luta, reivindicações, mediações e ação permanentes. Ao refletir sobre as memórias do feminismo no Brasil buscamos abrir olhos e mentes que permitam refletir os passos largos que possibilitara...

  6. [Feminismos del siglo XXI

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    Yaratullah Monturiol

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Yaratullah Monturiol propone un diálogo basado en la acción, en la lucha de las mujeres musulmana que paso a paso llegará a transformar la realidad. Define el feminismo musulmán como plural y expone la necesidad del conocimiento de las fuentes textuales para su desarrollo y construcción identitaria. También expone los obstáculos que se han encontrado para avanzar, como la instrumentalización de la causa femenina por parte de los hombres, convirtiéndola en una plataforma personal y desvalorizándola como si fuera objeto de propaganda. Además, el posible temor de la disolución dl patriarcado ha provocado el rechazo el feminismo, y la división del mismo. Así, Monturiol presenta un feminismo islámico que lucha para cambiar, desde dentro, la forma de ver y de percibir de los musulmanes y del islam.

  7. [Feminismos del siglo XXI

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    Lia Cigarini

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto discute cuestiones de políticas, prácticas y discursos feministas. Habla de la ambigüedad en el feminismo que busca la normalidad, y, a la vez, una ruptura con ésta. Expone el hecho de que los que intentan "exportar" la democracia usan las mujeres para objetivos políticos. Por otra parte, el capitalismo, predicando el goce sin límite, en lugar de proporcionarlo a las mujeres, las ha convertido incluso más en objetos de deseo. Muraro y Cigarini explican cómo el miedo de las mujeres a sufrir la violencia de género ha permitido a la sociedad patriarcal controlar más a las mujeres. No se logrará un cambio de verdad hasta que los hombres no sean capaces de cuestionar su propia sexualidad e imaginario. Opinan que el feminismo "exportado" siempre es incompatible con las tradiciones culturales, religiosas o nacionalistas, ya que las feministas son mujeres que no aceptan ni la subordinación ni la asimilación a los hombres. Finalmente, afirman que no creen que se haya hecho una lectura demasiado positiva de la tradición femenina.

  8. A contribuição da Revista Estudos Feministas para o debate sobre gênero e feminismo The contribution of Revista Estudos Feministas to gender and feminist debates

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    Luzinete Simões Minella

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo objetiva refletir sobre a contribuição da Revista Estudos Feministas para o debate feminista, a partir de uma síntese dos textos publicados entre 1999 e 2000, ou seja, nos dois primeiros anos em que a Revista passou a ser sediada na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Esta síntese tenta identificar os temas contemplados pela Revista, verificando os enfoques, as áreas disciplinares e os procedimentos metodológicos que têm sido utilizados nos artigos. Conclui-se que o conjunto das contribuições, não obstante sua diversidade epistemológica, revela primeiro, uma absorção acelerada de novas contribuições teóricas que tendem a relativizar as oposições binárias que fundamentaram a concepção clássica de ciência; segundo, um questionamento permanente dos dogmatismos e por último, a reafirmação contínua da força dos processos sociais e históricos no sentido de desestabilizar os paradigmas científicos.This article proposes a reflection on the contribution of Revista Estudos Feministas (REF to the gender and feminist debate, considering a synthesis of the texts issued in 1999 and 2000, the first two years of the period in which REF is being edited in Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. This synthesis tries to identify the themes discussed by REF, verifying viewpoints, fields of knowledge, and methodological proceedings that have been used in the articles. The conclusion is that the set of contributions at issue, notwithstanding its epistemological diversity, reveals, at first, an accelerated absortion of new theoretical contributions, which tend to relativize those binary oppositions that supported the classical conception of science; secondly a permanent challenge of dogmatism; and finally, a continual reiteration of the force of social and historical processes, aiming at destabilize scientific paradigms.

  9. [Feminismos del siglo XXI

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    Beatriz Suárez Briones

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto valora la situación actual de la mujer y de las relaciones de género; la sociedad adopta unas normas de comportamiento que configuran una homogeneización de las identidades, causa de la exclusión de las diferencias. Asimismo, reflexiona sobre los patrones de violencia contra las mujeres en los conflictos bélicos. Las mujeres son las víctimas de las guerras y además no tienen derecho a contribuir en la construcción de la teórica paz negociada por los hombres. Las mujeres son las víctimas de las guerras y además no tienen derecho a contribuir e la construcción de la teórica paz negociada por los hombres. Partiendo de las teorías de J. Butler, describe la sexualidad y el género como gestos y actitudes ritualizadas, para exigir a las mujeres la necesidad de “una nueva gramática y un nuevo léxico del deseo”. Finalmente, reflexiona sobre qué espacio ocupa el feminismo en las nuevas tecnologías, el “ciberfeminismo” y valora el movimiento queer como renovador y necesario.

  10. Tiempo de feminismo. Sobre feminismo, proyecto ilustrado y postmodernidad, de Celia Amorós [Ressenya

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    Campillo, Neus

    1998-01-01

    Se trata de una reseña sobre el libro Amorós, C., Tiemp de feminismo. Sobre feminismo, proyecto ilustrado y postmodernidad. Madrid, Cátedra, Universitat de Valencia, Instituto de la Mujer, 1997, 463 pp.

  11. De los márgenes al centro: Una aplicación del feminismo postcolonial a los derechos humanos

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    Rafael Rodríguez Prieto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En las últimas décadas, el feminismo postcolonial ha tenido enormes consecuencias para las posibilidades de reconceptualización de la política o los derechos. A la luz de esto, el ensayo explora las relaciones entre feminismo postcolonial, derechos humanos y democracia. Este artículo sigue el trabajo teórico de bell hooks. En primer lugar el trabajo revisa la emergencia del feminismo postcolonial y analiza puntos claves del debate generado por estas aproximaciones dentro de los estudios de mujeres. En segundo lugar, el artículo examina alguno de los dilemas y críticas provocadas por las aproximación es al concepto de derechos humanos. El ensayo concluye estudiando las formas en las que las aproximaciones del feminismo postcolonial podrían realizar avances significados en la manera de repensar la ciudadanía.

  12. Feminismo, academia y cambio social

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    Mirta González Suárez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El feminismo, como teoría y práctica social, analiza y realiza propuestas para superar el patriarcado en todos los ámbitos y entre ellos el académico donde se insertan sus núcleos principales tales como el sexismo, la separación bipolar entre lo masculino y femenino, el poder, el control del cuerpo de las mujeres y la violencia

  13. El feminismo, una realidad tergiversada

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    Lemir González, Ingrid Alexandra; Universidad de Manizales Programa de Comunicación Social y Periodismo

    2016-01-01

    Con un mundo que impone desafíos sociales tan impresionantes, este es un texto que quiere encarar las dimensiones del feminismo actual como uno de esos eslabones en los que se construye la realidad contemporánea. A través de este ensayo se quiere poner en consideración el nuevo foco de atención que traen a la mesa de discusiones sociales y políticas, conceptos como hembrismo, machismo o feminazismo.

  14. Feminismo, academia y cambio social

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    Mirta González Suárez

    2002-01-01

    El feminismo, como teoría y práctica social, analiza y realiza propuestas para superar el patriarcado en todos los ámbitos y entre ellos el académico donde se insertan sus núcleos principales tales como el sexismo, la separación bipolar entre lo masculino y femenino, el poder, el control del cuerpo de las mujeres y la violencia

  15. Alfredo Breceda: protagonista y testimonio de un Mexico revolucionario

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Herrera Gonzalez, Patricio

    2011-01-01

    ...--de la experiencia revolucionaria. Mexico revolucionario, su obra mas conocida, es un logrado intento por construir una historia politica objetiva y documentada de los primeros anos de la Revolucion y la etapa denominada Constitucionalista...

  16. Maternidad y paternidad desde el feminismo

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    Wilches Mahecha, María Ivonne

    1998-01-01

    El feminismo apunta sobre la necesidad de que las mujeres logren autonomía, especialmente en tres niveles : el económico, el sexual y en la maternidad, como bien lo ha señalado Ana María Fernández. La rápida inserción laboral de las mujeres, (con el feminismo, o a pesar del feminismo) ha hecho que cada vez más las mujeres logren tener sus propios ingresos, siendo menos dependientes económicamente del hombre. A nivel sexual se han aceptado las relaciones prematrimoniales, la virginidad no e...

  17. Encontrando os feminismos latino-americanos e caribenhos

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    Alvarez Sonia E

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina os Encontros Latino-Americanos e do Caribe como espaços críticos transnacionais onde se re-imagina a política dos feminismos na região. Enfocando o Oitavo desses Encontros, realizado em Juan Dolio, República Dominicana, em 1999, analisamos os principais debates politicos e filosóficos que surgiram durante 20 anos de Encontros: (1 mudanças nas concepções de 'autonomia' do movimento e na relação dos feminismos com o movimento de mulheres mais amplo e com outros atores na sociedade civil e política, o Estado e instituições internacionais; (2 controvérsias geradas pelas recorrentes crises de 'inclusão' e de 'expansão' do movimento; e (3 debates centrados nas diferenças, desigualdades e desequilíbrios de poder entre mulheres em geral e entre as feministas em particular.

  18. Hay chicas a las que les gusta tirar: los límites del feminismo punk en el Perú de los ochenta

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    Shane Greene

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo desarrolla una teoría de la política feminista punk tal como surgió en Lima durante el tenso periodo de violencia política en el que el Perú estaba sumido en los ochenta. Mientras que los revolucionarios maoístas de Sendero Luminoso en Perú alentaban ideológicamente a las mujeres jóvenes a actuar como militantes armadas, una artista punk en Lima desarrollaba otro modelo de práctica feminista radical en base a formas expresivas de sexualidad prohibida. Con el nombre artístico de María T-Ta, se las ingenió para impactar las normas conservadoras de género y sexuales llamando la atención pública sobre la política involucrada en el placer de tirar. Como resultado de esto, encontró también obstáculos considerables -dentro del movimiento punk y fuera de él, y refractados a través de otros puntos de vista sociales de clase, geografía y raza-. Aunque el artículo tiene en cuenta un contexto histórico particular, finalmente sirve para provocar un diálogo teórico enmarcado en dos formas de conceptualización expresiva: a la larga historia de provocadoras feministas en el punk (e.g. Lydia Lunch, Siouxsie Sioux, The Slits, Riot Grrrls, y más recientemente Pussy Riot en la que puede situarse a María T-Ta, y b los debates contemporáneos que rodean la teoría queer, la post-pornografía y la tercera ola del feminismo (particularmente el trabajo de Beatriz Preciado.

  19. Catherine Mackinnon, el feminismo radical y la pornografía

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    Croxatto, Guido Leonardo; Heuck, María Julia

    2009-01-01

    Este trabajo es el fruto de los debates que mantuvimos en el Seminario sobre Violencia de Género, a cargo del Dr. Hendler, en el Instituto Gioja, de la UBA, y es a ellos –a todos sus miembros- que les estamos agradecidos. El debate en torno de la pornografía –como forma de violencia y de acoso- es un debate muy amplio, quisimos reflejar aquí, meramente, una perspectiva: la del feminismo radical. También quisimos ver cómo la pornografía se conecta con otra cuestión gravosa para las mujeres: la...

  20. El teatro gauchesco rioplatense y el teatro revolucionario mexicano

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    González Padilla, María E.; Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, UNAM

    2013-01-01

    Tanto el teatro gauchesco rioplatense, como el teatro revolucionario mexicano, son manifestaciones importantes de un teatro típicamente iberoamericano que, aunque en períodos distintos de florecimiento y con diversas modalidades y propósitos, ofrecen rasgos comunes, lo mismo en las circunstancias que les dan origen, como en los temas, personajes, ambientes, sentimientos y estilo que los caracterizan.

  1. Del liberalismo revolucionario al liberalismo post-revolucionario : el triunfo final del camino inglés

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    Angeles Lario

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se trata del cambio político producido en España desde el modelo liberal revolucionario de 1812 al modelo post-revolucionario, moderado, introducido a la muerte de Fernando Vil. España realiza este tránsito al pleno estilo europeo de la época. El modelo de 1812 fue el revolucionario, con separación estricta de poderes, al modo puramente constitucional que había establecido Locke y que había introducido Montesquieu en el Continente. Esta separación estricta de poderes no funcionó en la monarquía, aunque sí lo había hecho en la República de los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica, con un Ejecutivo elegible, con la misma legitimidad que el Legislativo.In this article, I study the political change in Spain, from the revolutionary liberalism of 1812, to the modérate liberalism when Fernando Vil died. Spain passes to the new model as it was very common in Europe. The 1812 model was the revolutionary, with strict separation ofpowers, in the purely constitutional way established by Locke and introduced by Montesquieu in the Continent. This strict separation of powers worked in the U.S. with an eligible Executive with the same renewed legitimity as the Legislative; it did'nt work in the Monarchy where Executive and Legislative have different legitimity.

  2. Ciencia, religión y feminismo

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    Maldonado Barahona, Teresa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a systematic and historically evolution of the concept of «sexual difference» in Emmanuel Levinas’ thought, indicating their turns and twists. It questions the status of this concept in relation to Levinasian concept of otherness, feminine alterity and ontological difference. It comments the critical receptions and readings about this subject in several feminist lines.

    El feminismo, en su vertiente de epistemología crítica, tiene grandes afinidades con los planteamientos (posmodernos y otros que cuestionan la posibilidad de conocimiento certero y discuten el estatus privilegiado de la ciencia como instancia de saber. A la vez, algunas corrientes feministas pretenden redefinir la creencia y la práctica religiosa y muestran gran simpatía por la religiosidad femenina. Ambos factores merecen una cuidadosa consideración crítica, pero su combinación puede ser desastrosa para el feminismo.

  3. Ciencia, religión y feminismo

    OpenAIRE

    Maldonado Barahona, Teresa

    2011-01-01

    The article presents a systematic and historically evolution of the concept of «sexual difference» in Emmanuel Levinas’ thought, indicating their turns and twists. It questions the status of this concept in relation to Levinasian concept of otherness, feminine alterity and ontological difference. It comments the critical receptions and readings about this subject in several feminist lines.

    El feminismo, en su vertiente de epistemología crítica, tiene grandes afinidades con ...

  4. Feminismo Afrodiaspórico. Una agenda emergente del feminismo Negro en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Aurora Vergara Figueroa; Katherine Arboleda Hurtado

    2015-01-01

    En este ensayo reflexionamos sobre las motivaciones, agenda y compromisos configurados en el marco del primer seminario internacional “Conspiración Afro femenina: Repesando los feminismos desdela diversidad” realizado entre el 24 y 25 de junio de 2011 en Cali-Colombia. En este escenario, se propuso entender el feminismo Afrodiaspórico como un proceso, una agenda de investigación, una estrategia de movilización social, una práctica de solidaridad y un reclamo de justicia restaurativa. Establec...

  5. Fenomenología y feminismo

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    López Sáenz, Mª Carmen

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo investiga las posibilidades que brinda la interrelación de fenomenología y feminismo: en primer lugar, la visibilidad de las obras de las fenomenólogas. Muestra y evalúa las potencialidades de la rehabilitación fenomenológica de la experiencia y el cuerpo vivido (Leib), así como de la subjetividad (intencional y relacional) y la intersubjetividad. La crítica feminista de la razón patriarcal se aproxima a la crítica husserliana del objetivismo y reivind...

  6. Feminicídios e possíveis respostas penais: Dialogando com o feminismo e o direito penal

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    Gomes, Izabel Solyszko; Universidad de Los Andes Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios sobre Desarrollo

    2015-01-01

    O vocábulo feminicídio remete diretamente o pensamento ao tema do homicídio de uma mulher ou minimamente que o debate em questão se trata da reivindicação para que este homicídio seja penalmente tratado de uma maneira especial. O objetivo deste artigo é, ao identificar que esta é apenas uma das possibilidades de abordar o fenômeno (através do debate da sua judicialização), indicar elementos fundamentais nesta interlocução entre o feminismo e o direito penal. O caminho aqui percorrido consiste...

  7. ¿Disidencia dentro del feminismo?

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    León Mejía, Ana

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine the dissident thought within the feminist movement. This new approach dissents from some main epistemological assumptions of the feminism, and claims against its effects, both in the academy and the public agenda. On the one hand, the authors that have leaded the critique against the so-called “gender ideology”, have the support of most of the American public. On the other hand, they are experiencing the wrath of the academic feminist and the accusation of being part of a backlash. The charges are conservatism, betrayal, and anti-feminism harassment. The social tension has increase with the date rape crisis, the new feminism cause, besides the current politics against pornography and sexual harassment. Furthermore dissident voices in Canada, France and Spain prove a serious break up in one of the most important social movements in the last decades.

    En este trabajo se examina una nueva corriente de pensamiento surgida dentro del movimiento feminista norteamericano, que disiente de algunos de los principales presupuestos epistemológicos del feminismo, y que denuncia sus efectos, tanto en la población americana, en especial dentro de la comunidad académica, como en la agenda pública. Las autoras que han emprendido la crítica de la denominada “ideología del género” cuentan por un lado con el apoyo de una gran parte del público americano. Por otra parte, han suscitado la ira del feminismo académico que les atribuye ser parte de un backlash (un contraataque frente a los logros conseguidos por el feminismo. Son acusadas, entre otras cosas, de conservadurismo, traición a la causa feminista o acoso institucional antifeminista. El grado de crispación se ha elevado con la crisis de “las violaciones en las citas” que se ha convertido en la nueva causa feminista, junto con las actuales políticas contra la pornografía y el acoso sexual. A todo esto, se añade el surgimiento de voces

  8. Feminismos, teoria queer e psicologia social crítica: (recontando histórias...

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    Lenise Santana Borges

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available As abordagens feministas e queer são reconhecidas como aportes teóricos e metodológicos fundamentais para uma ressignificação da psicologia social, especialmente da chamada psicologia social crítica. Apesar do reconhecimento dos limites teóricos compartilhados tanto pelo ideário feminista como pelos pontos de vista críticos, algumas narrativas recentes sobre as relações entre os feminismos, a teoria queer e a psicologia social crítica, sobretudo no que se refere ao debate das sexualidades, tendem a considerar a história dessas relações sem as devidas contextualizações e, primordialmente, sob a ótica das ideias pós-modernas. A partir de uma seleção de narrativas que se propõem a (recontar a história dessas relações, procuro mostrar como algumas narrativas possibilitam uma articulação entre os pensamentos feministas e queer, enquanto outras apresentam uma versão que tenta contrapor uma teoria em relação à outra, apostando na substituição dos feminismos vistos (como homogêneos, e sem contradições pela teoria queer, tratada como vanguardista.

  9. Feminismos y prostitución en Brasil: una lectura a partir de la antropología feminista

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    Adriana Piscitelli

    2012-01-01

    En este texto exploro las posibilidades da la antropología feminista para reflexionar sobre uno de los principales puntos de tensión en el debate feminista contemporáneo. Basándome en una investigación sobre la relación entre feminismos y la discusión sobre prostitución y trata de personas en Brasil, analizo esas tensiones considerando las posiciones asumidas por el movimiento feminista y el lugar que él ha ocupado en las discusiones y acciones destinadas a esa problemática en ese país. Reali...

  10. O feminismo em novas rotas e visões Feminism on new routes and views

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    Matilde Ribeiro

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto se baseia no debate proposto por Mary Hawkesworth no artigo "A semiótica de um encontro prematuro: o feminismo em uma era pós-feminista", orientando-se por um olhar latino-americano-caribenho sobre as transformações do feminismo e as conquistas das mulheres em momentos cruciais dessa articulação, relembrando fases memoráveis como a renovação dos ideais feministas, a autonomia do movimento de mulheres negras e sua inter-relação com o ativismo negro e feminista, articulações internacionais sintonizados com a realidade/diversidade brasileira e a incorporação da agenda feminista nas instâncias governamentais. A autora expõe o dinamismo e a capacidade de retroalimentação do feminismo brasileiro, características que possibilitam a força necessária para sua sobrevivência e inovações harmonizadas com a evolução de valores sociais diante das conquistas decorrentes de sua existência nos cenários local, regional e global. Substancialmente, desenvolve o texto com ênfase no ativismo local como desencadeador de uma ação efetiva de Estado para eqüidade de gênero e raça.This paper is based on the debate proposed by Mary Hawkesworth in "The semiotics of a Premature Burial: Feminism in a Post-Feminist Age". It is guided by a Latin-American and Caribbean view of the transformations of feminism and of women's achievements in critical moments of that articulation, recollecting outstanding periods such as the renovation of feminist ideals; the autonomy of the black women's movement and its inter-relation with black and feminist activism; and international articulations tuned with Brazilian reality/diversity and with the incorporation of the feminist agenda within governmental instances. The author portrays how the verve and retro-feeding capacity of Brazilian feminism provide the necessary strength for its survival, as well as for its innovations which are consonant with the evolution of social values, leading to

  11. Disidentes y visionarias de los nuevos feminismos

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    Abad Cadenas, Cristina

    2016-04-01

    hoy son innegables los cambios generados por el feminismo de la primera, segunda y tercera ola. Aficionados a conceptualizar y etiquetar, actualmente enfilamos la entrada a la cuarta ola, una ideología menos monolítica, más fragmentaria y plural que, según Elena Gascón-Vera, profesora en Wellesley College, combina feminismo, lucha por los derechos queer y otros movimientos pro-sex. Un movimiento, según la periodista británica Kira Cochrane, centrado en las pequeñas causas concretas que basa sus reivindicaciones en las herramientas digitales. Merece la pena valorar si se trata de un avance o un desarrollo de la indeterminación postmoderna apoyada por la tecnología 3.0. En todo caso, la Utopía Feminista ha dejado también cadáveres en el camino que no siempre asumimos y reconocemos o si lo hacemos es como precio a pagar. Muchas veces las víctimas son las propias mujeres. La política y escritora italiana Eugenia Roccella considera que las utopías se han desplazado de lo social a la biología y dejan a la mujer ante la encrucijada de deconstruir lo materno y la diferencia sexual o defender a ultranza esa diferencia. Eveyne Sullerot, socióloga feminista francesa, lamenta la fragilidad dramática que se ha instalado en la sociedad, por la frecuencia de las separaciones y la deriva del aborto que al grito de “mi vientre es mío” vacían de sentido la paternidad. El feminismo tal y como se concibe no es la puerta del paraíso. Todavía queda mucho camino que recorrer. Se atisba una necesidad de desarrollar la vertiente ecológica. La crisis y las dificultades familiares de estos primeros años del siglo XXI han supuesto un buen desafío para muchas de las feministas de los años 60 y 70. Algunas, como las citadas o las estadounidenses Christina Hoff Somersson, Eugenia Roccella, Karen DeCrow o Camille Paglia, han revisado sus mensajes. En este artículo comentaremos las aportaciones de estas disidentes o visionarias.

  12. Liberalismo e feminismo: igualdade de gênero em Carole Pateman e Martha Nussbaum

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    Ingrid Cyfer

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a relação entre liberalismo e feminismo a partir de duas autoras feministas, Carole Pateman e Martha Nussbaum. Trata-se de uma questão importante para o feminismo, para o qual são fundamentais problemas associados às dicotomias público-privado e cultura-natureza - herdadas do liberalismo. Nesse sentido, discutimos as posições de Carole Pateman e Martha Nussbaum referentes a esses problemas. A escolha das autoras deveu-se ao fato de que ambas compartilham muitas premissas e conclusões, e por suas divergências situarem-se principalmente ao redor de problemas em que o feminismo é acrescentado ao liberalismo político. Assim sendo, fazer uma discussão entre as suas posições minimiza o risco de que a análise do debate não vá muito além das críticas que diversas teorias dirigem ao liberalismo, podendo funcionar, enfim, como uma boa porta de entrada para alguns dos pontos mais controversos da teoria feminista contemporânea. Nussbaum e Pateman parecem coincidir a respeito da concepção de igualdade de gênero. A crítica que ambas dirigem à relação entre natureza e cultura e ao formalismo da igualdade abstrata torna evidente que nenhuma delas pretende atribuir o poder ou a opressão da mulher a desígnios da natureza. Em ambas está muito claro que o que consideram relevante na organização de uma sociedade justa quanto ao gênero é a forma como uma sociedade valora as diferenças biológicas, bem como as implicações dessa valoração na distribuição de bens sociais. Nussbaum, porém, acredita que essa equação seja possível dentro da teoria liberal, desde que esta seja submetida a transformações que eliminem deturpações teóricas decorrentes do conservadorismo dos primeiros filósofos liberais.

  13. Los feminismos africanos: Las mujeres africanas “en sus propios términos”

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    Zirion Landaluze, Iker; Idarraga Espel, Leire

    2014-01-01

    En las Relaciones Internacionales, el feminismo ha generado múltiples corrientes. Diferentes feminismos han surgido en lugares particulares y se han articulado en términos locales. Con el objetivo de visibilizar estas aportaciones desde los márgenes, los feminismos poscoloniales han desafiado las bases profundamente etnocéntricas de los feminismos occidentales, y han cuestionado su supuesta neutralidad, su carácter universalizador, y su poder de representación y de creación de ...

  14. Ensayo sobre el feminismo y el sujeto popular

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    León Nuñez, Carmen Violeta

    2012-01-01

    Se comenta acá el ensayo escrito por Ana Sojo, el cual se compone de tres partes principales  componen el texto: la primera versa  sobre  el  sujeto popular: la segunda se refiere al estudio de  la definición de la condición subalterna de la mujer y en la tercera analiza el feminismo y el ámbito de la política.

  15. Ética feminista y feminismo de la igualdad

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    León Rodríguez, María Elena

    2008-01-01

    Este artículo aborda la ética feminista desde la perspectiva del feminismo de la igualdad. Esboza las resistencias teóricas e ideológicas que están implícitas en una ética femenina y propone, en su lugar, una ética feminista basada en una hermenéutica crítica feminista.

  16. Feminismos y prostitución en Brasil: una lectura a partir de la antropología feminista

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    Adriana Piscitelli

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En este texto exploro las posibilidades da la antropología feminista para reflexionar sobre uno de los principales puntos de tensión en el debate feminista contemporáneo. Basándome en una investigación sobre la relación entre feminismos y la discusión sobre prostitución y trata de personas en Brasil, analizo esas tensiones considerando las posiciones asumidas por el movimiento feminista y el lugar que él ha ocupado en las discusiones y acciones destinadas a esa problemática en ese país. Realizo ese análisis teniendo en cuenta las nociones relacionadas con la prostitución y con la trata en la historia reciente del feminismo brasileño, situándolas en el ámbito de las relaciones entre el Estado y el movimiento feminista y considerando las configuraciones de ambos en una lectura transnacional.

  17. Hombres y feminismo: del privilegio del confort a la incomodidad de la implicación política en cuestiones feministas

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    Jokin Azpiazu Carballo

    2015-01-01

    En las últimas décadas se ha asistido a numerosos debates sobre nuevas masculinidades. Sin embargo, las reflexiones en torno a las masculinidades y la masculinidad hegemónica parecen seguir sin resolver la disputa de los hombres y el feminismo, y tanto desde la academia como desde los movimientos sociales se reclaman herramientas para poder desarrollar una mirada crítica al respecto. Este trabajo analiza estas cuestiones a partir de una serie de presentaciones de académicas y activistas femin...

  18. II Actas Congreso .¿Nuevos feminismos?

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    Pinyana i Garí, M. Carme

    2005-01-01

    ÍNDICE Presentación CONSOL AGUILAR RÓDENAS I. PONENCIAS La representación de la violencia / la violencia de la representación: De Jack el Destripador a Ciudad Juárez, pasando por la pantalla de la televisión,MARÍA RUIDO. Las apostillas al cuerpo: un ámbito de debates feministas, MERI TORRAS. Mujeres jóvenes y movimientos feministas: ¿Una nueva generación de feministas?,SHAMILLAH WILSON. La doble discriminación de las lesbianas,BEATRIZ GIMENO. II. MESAS REDONDAS ...

  19. Claves éticas para el feminismo en el umbral del milenio

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    Lagarde y de los Ríos, Marcela

    2001-01-01

    Cualquiera que se zambulla en la historia de los feminismos, verá con claridad que el feminismo no puede ser pensado sólo como un movimiento concreto o como el movimiento feminista. Han habido centenas de movimientos feministas y habrá muchos más. El feminismo tampoco puede ser identificado sólo con movilizaciones públicas, protestas y demandas, con mujeres con el puño en alto, con la quema de brassieres, o con mujeres vestidas de negro como duelo y límite ante el genocidio; el femin...

  20. UNA APROXIMACIÓN A LA PARTICIPACIÓN DE LOS HOMBRES EN LOS FEMINISMO

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    Luz María Galindo Vilchis

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Han participado los hombres en los feminismos? ¿Cómo? Este es un tema a explorar, por lo que en este ensayo se pretende dar un panorama general sobre la participación de los hombres en los feminismos. Para comenzar se hará un breve recorrido por éstos. Después se enfatizará sobre el concepto de género, y su relación con los feminismos para concluir con las reflexiones sobre los temas abordados.

  1. UNA APROXIMACIÓN A LA PARTICIPACIÓN DE LOS HOMBRES EN LOS FEMINISMO

    OpenAIRE

    Luz María Galindo Vilchis

    2014-01-01

    ¿Han participado los hombres en los feminismos? ¿Cómo? Este es un tema a explorar, por lo que en este ensayo se pretende dar un panorama general sobre la participación de los hombres en los feminismos. Para comenzar se hará un breve recorrido por éstos. Después se enfatizará sobre el concepto de género, y su relación con los feminismos para concluir con las reflexiones sobre los temas abordados.

  2. Claves éticas para el feminismo en el umbral del milenio

    OpenAIRE

    Lagarde y de los Ríos, Marcela

    2001-01-01

    Cualquiera que se zambulla en la historia de los feminismos, verá con claridad que el feminismo no puede ser pensado sólo como un movimiento concreto o como el movimiento feminista. Han habido centenas de movimientos feministas y habrá muchos más. El feminismo tampoco puede ser identificado sólo con movilizaciones públicas, protestas y demandas, con mujeres con el puño en alto, con la quema de brassieres, o con mujeres vestidas de negro como duelo y límite ante el genocidio; el femin...

  3. Feminismos y solidaridad Types of Feminism and Solidarity

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    Pilar Rodríguez Martínez

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo revisamos el concepto de solidaridad asociado con la epistemología feminista empirista, el punto de vista feminista y el feminismo postmoderno. En el primer caso, la solidaridad entre mujeres no es necesaria si hay una situación de igualdad y justicia. En el segundo modelo, la solidaridad entre mujeres se da por supuesta. En el tercer caso, dicha solidaridad no existe de antemano y sólo son posibles solidaridades pasajeras. Planteamos, por fin, la solidaridad desde la perspectiva de los feminismos periféricos.This article reviews the concept of solidarity associated with empirical feminist epistemology, the feminist point of view and postmodern feminism. In the first case, solidarity between women is unnecessary if conditions of equality and justice exist. In the second model, solidarity between women is assumed. In the third case, solidarity does not exist beforehand and it is only possible temporarily. The author concludes by positing solidarity from the point of view of peripheral feminism.

  4. México y la transición inconclusa : el regreso del Partido Revolucionario Institucional

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    Bertaccini, Tiziana

    2015-01-01

    En México la larguísima, lenta y dificultosa transición a la democracia parece no haber acabado con la alternancia del 2000. Un tortuoso camino interconectado con las vicisitudes del Partido Revolucionario Institucional, actor protagonista de la transición antes de la alternancia y nuevamente hoy en día con su regreso al gobierno, y con la metamorfosis de la política propia de todo el orbe occidental que en México se caracteriza por la constante tensión entre procesos de modernización y forma...

  5. La Gloriosa en Málaga: del clamor revolucionario al fracaso de las expectativas populares

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    Morales Muñoz, Manuel

    1994-01-01

    Estudio del proceso revolucionario abierto en septiembre de 1868 con la Gloriosa, con especial atención a sus aspectos políticos y sociales. Se aborda así el papel de la Junta Revolucionaria: su base social, sus reivindicaciones, sus diferencias internas, su actitud frente a los primeros conflictos sociales; como se estudia la función desempeñada por los clubs republicanos como nuevos espacios de sociabilidad política; la huelga de Industria Malagueña o la insurrección del Año Nuevo, propicia...

  6. Comunicación insurgente y proceso revolucionario en El Salvador, 1970-1992

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    A lo largo de esta tesis hemos abordado dos décadas de proceso revolucionario en El Salvador (1970-1992), deteniéndonos en el análisis de los proyectos comunicativos insurgentes surgidos en este período. Estos medios han sido puestos en diálogo con el desarrollo experimentado por las diferentes organizaciones en forma independiente (ERP, FPL, RN, PRTC y PCS) y en el marco unitario del FMLN. En este sentido, nuestro trabajo se ha orientado en dos direcciones: por un lado, a analizar el papel ...

  7. Herencias genealógicas del feminismo decolonial en América Latina: hacia la construcción de un Tercer Feminismo

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    Montanaro Mena, Ana Marcela

    2016-01-01

    El feminismo hegemónico occidental y eurocentrista, no logró reconocer que su práctica reproducía los mismos problemas que criticaba. Mientras ponía en duda el universalismo androcéntrico, produjo categorías que fueron aplicadas con una pretensión de universalidad. A mediados de los años 70 del siglo XX se empieza poner en cuestionamiento esa pretensión desde un feminismo elaborado por “las mujeres de color y tercemundistas”, que serán nutridos por los aportes de los estudios poscoloniales, c...

  8. Experiencias de tiempo y cambio conceptual en el proceso revolucionario rioplatense (1780-1840

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    Fabio Wasserman

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo analiza desde una perspectiva conceptual cómo las elites rioplatenses procesaron las nuevas experiencias de tiempo provocadas por el proceso revolucionario iniciado en 1810. El examen, que se basó en un corpus documental amplio, se centró en tres puntos: a la consideración de la revolución como una ruptura con el pasado y el inicio de una nueva época signada por la velocidad e intensidad de los acontecimientos y por tender su mirada hacia el futuro; b la relación entre temporalidad y política; c la elaboración de un nuevo concepto de tiempo.

  9. Hombres y feminismo: del privilegio del confort a la incomodidad de la implicación política en cuestiones feministas

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    Jokin Azpiazu Carballo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available En las últimas décadas se ha asistido a numerosos debates sobre nuevas masculinidades. Sin embargo, las reflexiones en torno a las masculinidades y la masculinidad hegemónica parecen seguir sin resolver la disputa de los hombres y el feminismo, y tanto desde la academia como desde los movimientos sociales se reclaman herramientas para poder desarrollar una mirada crítica al respecto. Este trabajo analiza estas cuestiones a partir de una serie de presentaciones de académicas y activistas feministas y LGTB sobre la compleja cuestión de los hombres y el feminismo así como de una investigación desarrollada entre 2012 y 2013 sobre los discursos de grupos de hombres contra el sexismo aparecidos en el País Vasco en los años precedentes. El privilegio, la opresión, la identidad, la subjetividad y la acción colectiva son algunas de las cuestiones que se cruzan en estas reflexiones y que este trabajo recoge.

  10. Feminismo postmoderno: D. J. Haraway y S. Harding

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    Teresa Aguilar García

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este texto se caracteriza el llamado “Feminismo Postmoderno” y se presentan las posiciones teóricas de dos influyentes pensadoras contemporáneas en el ámbito de la filosofía de la ciencia desde una perspectiva feminista postmoderna. Haraway y Harding debaten en torno a la historia de la ciencia y sus sesgos androcéntricos, así como sobre el concepto identidad desde el paradigma cyborg. Dentro del paradigma postmoderno asumen la herencia postestructuralista y deconstruccionista y defienden la necesidad de una ciencia social crítica y autorreflexiva como modelo de todas las ciencias, pero tienen controversias en cuanto a la estructuración del espacio social generizado. Haraway entiende que el espacio social no es homogéneo, y que las tres dimensiones que detecta Harding: simbolismo genérico, división socio-sexual del trabajo y procesos de identidad individual generizada, se interceptan en múltiples dimensiones.

  11. Mundo común, feminismo y mitología

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    Birulés, Fina

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1970s feminism has signified one of the most productive critical reconsiderations of modern political thought legacy. This article examines the questioning of modern notions of political freedom and political community that Linda Zerilli has undertaken in her reading of Hannah Arendt and Ludwig Wittgenstein. On this basis and on criticism of sexual dimorphism, the article shows the need to rethink the relationship between theory and praxis beyond its modern conception, a feature present in much of contemporary feminist theory.Desde la década de 1970 el feminismo ha significado una de las profundizaciones críticas m.s productivas del legado del pensamiento político de la modernidad. El presente artículo atiende al cuestionamiento de las modernas nociones de libertad y comunidad políticas que Linda Zerilli ha llevado a cabo en su lectura de Hannah Arendt y de Ludwig Wittgenstein. A partir de ah. y de la reciente querella en torno al diformismo sexual, se muestra la necesidad de repensar la relación entre teoría y praxis más allá de la concepción moderna, presente en buena parte de la teoría feminista contemporánea.

  12. Alberto Lista’s El Espectador sevillano (1809: an example of revolutionary discourse? | El Espectador sevillano de Alberto Lista (1809: ¿un discurso revolucionario?

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    Claude Morange

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El Espectador sevillano is a journal that was edited by Alberto Lista between 1809 (2 October and 1810 (29 January. It happened to be published in Seville for the town had just become the capital city of unoccupied Spain. El Espectador sevillano provides us with a systematic account of the fundaments of political liberalism as a doctrine that led to the writing of the Constitution of Cadiz a few months after the termination of the journal. However little attention has been paid to El Espectador sevillano despite it is being one of the most political influential journals at that time. In this paper, we fill in this research gap by locating El Espectador sevillano within the complexity of the vibrant political debate that took place in Seville during this period, in order to assess to what extend Lista’s thinking in 1809 can be labelled as revolutionary. | El Espectador sevillano, redactado por Alberto Lista, se publicó en Sevilla del 2 de octubre de 1809 al 29 de enero de 1810. Aunque se trata de uno de los periódicos más importantes del momento, se le ha estudiado poco. Redactado en la ciudad que, por las circunstancias bélicas, había pasado a ser capital de la España libre, ofrece una exposición sistemática de los fundamentos de la doctrina política liberal, que se plasmarían algunos meses después en la Constitución de Cádiz. En estas breves reflexiones, se trata de situar la publicación en el complejo e intenso debate de ideas de que fue entonces teatro Sevilla, para tratar de determinar hasta qué punto puede calificarse de revolucionario el pensamiento del Lista de 1809.

  13. El feminismo de Estado en España: El Instituto de la Mujer (1983-2003)

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    Valiente Fernández, Celia

    2006-01-01

    Desde aproximadamente los años setenta se han fundado en la mayor parte de los países del mundo instituciones cuyo principal cometido reside en mejorar la condición de las mujeres como grupo y erosionar las desigualdades entre éstas y los hombres. También se han establecido organismos similares en los ámbitos regional y local. En ciencias sociales este conjunto de instituciones se denomina "feminismo de Estado", "feminismo institucional" o "feminismo oficial", conociéndose como "feministas de...

  14. ¿Oriente es Oriente? Feminismo e Islamismo en Marruecos

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    Ramírez Fernández, Ángeles

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some women' s movements in Morocco. It intends to demonstrate that the usual model that is used to explain women' s movements in the Arab World is not valid This model considers two kinds of women's movements: on the one hand, Western feminist movements, occidentalists, and on the other, Islamist movements, which are theoretically more authentic but also more repressive. Through the analysis of the positions adopted by Islamist and Feminist groups toward juridical changes of Mudawana, as well as the constructions of "womanhood" in these groups, the article shows how this dichotomous model oversimplifies the explanation of these processes. Furthermore, the use of this model in the research is not neutral. It has political consequences, such as the primitivization of the other. Ethnography makes possible other approaches to the topic and allows us to build a more nuanced interpretation.

    El presente artículo analiza los movimientos de mujeres en Marruecos, confrontándolos a lo que viene siendo el esquema habitual de tratamiento: movimientos feministas, de tipo occidental, frente a movimientos islamistas, más "auténticos", pero de carácter represivo. A través de un análisis de los cambios jurídicos en Marruecos, así como de los modelos de "mujer" que defiende cada movimiento, el artículo muestra que el esquema explicativo de la dicotomía de islamismo frente a feminismo para explicar la cuestión no es válido. Su uso no es neutro, y en ocasiones puede tener consecuencias perversas, que primitivizan al "otro". En cambio, el estudio de estos movimientos en el contexto social y político marroquí, puede arrojar luz sobre un problema que estimula, en ocasiones, y bloquea, en otras, el cambio en Marruecos.

  15. Otra teología es posible. Pluralismo religioso, interculturalidad y feminismo [book review

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    Salazar Benítez, Octavio

    2012-01-01

    Este artículo reseña: Juan José Tamayo Acosta, Otra teología es posible. Pluralismo religioso, interculturalidad y feminismo, Biblioteca Herder, Barcelona, 2011, 406 pp. teología, pluralismo, interculturalidad Keywords: theology, pluralism, interculturality

  16. Despatriarcalización: Una respuesta categórica del feminismo comunitario (descolonizando la vida

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    Julieta Paredes C.

    2016-03-01

    La internacionalización del capitalismo y su democracia representativa ha sido el reino todopoderoso de empresarios y trasnacionales que hoy son expresiones de un sistema mayor. A este sistema de dominación las feministas comunitarias denominamos Patriarcado. Este artículo presenta al feminismo comunitario en sus diferencias con respecto  a  otros  feminismos.  En particular, se analiza cómo las políticas neoliberales provocaron la institucionalización del movimiento feminista a través de ONGs y de redes que representaban y hablaban en lugar de las mujeres. En Bolivia, a partir de la insurrección popular de Octubre 2003 a la cabeza de El Alto, la Asamblea Feminista creó un espacio de reflexión para las reconceptualizaciones que se necesitaban en la lucha contra el patriarcado y para la descolonización del feminismo. Representantes de esta Asamblea asistieron al 13º Encuentro Feminista Latinoamericano y del Caribe y sugirieron que Bolivia fuese la próxima sede. Como esta iniciativa fue rechazada, el Feminismo Comunitario lanzó la convocatoiria al 1er. Encuentro Feminista de los Pueblos, a realizarse en Bolivia en 2016.

  17. Montoneros y el Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores–ERP ante el Pacto Social (1973-1974. Una perspectiva comparada. Montoneros and the Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores– ERP in front to the Social Pact (1973-1974. A comparative perspective.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Lissandrello

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo reconstruimos las caracterizaciones en torno al Pacto Social lanzado en 1973, de las dos organizaciones políticomilitares más importantes que intervinieron en el marco del proceso revolucionario abierto en 1969 en la Argentina: Montoneros y el Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores –Ejercito Revolucionario del Pueblo (PRT-ERP. Para ello recurrimos a sus propios documentos internos y publicaciones de superficie. Buscamos de este modo contribuir al esclarecimiento programático de ambas organizaciones.

  18. Estéticas del exilio: el debate acerca del expresionismo

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    Galfione, María Verónica

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo reconstruye los aspectos fundamentales del debate acerca del problema del expresionismo que tuvo lugar a mediados de la década del 30 entre diversos intelectuales alemanes de izquierda que se hallaban exiliados. Este debate, que fue protagonizado por autores como Georg Lukács, Ernst Bloch, Anna Seghers o Bertolt Brecht, se halló orientado a determinar el modo en que debía ser concebido un arte de carácter auténticamente revolucionario. En este contexto, resulta de nuestro ...

  19. El feminismo como crítica filosófica

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    Campillo, Neus

    1994-01-01

    El objetivo del artículo es argumentar que el feminismo es no sólo una determinada política sino que se desarrolla teóricamente como crítica filosófica. El objetivo del artículo es partir del significado kantiano de crítica para dar cuenta de su elaboración como crítica de la praxis social en Marx y en la Teoría Crítica de la Sociedad. A partir de ahí se centra en la historia del feminismo teórico para mostrar su especificidad como crítica en el dominio de los hombres sobre las mujeres. Las c...

  20. Feminismo, Ciudadanía y Cultura Crítica

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    Neus Campillo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del articulo es indagar en la posibilidad de construir una cultura crítica desde el feminismo . La autora realiza un análisis de las criticas postestructuralistas al universalismo y de las dificultades para definir la ciudadanía y el sujeto del feminismo "las mujeres" en las tensiones y complejidades de nuestro presente.The aim of this paper is the search for the construction of a "critical culture from the feminist point of view. The author makes an account of the postestructual criticism of the universalism and of the difficulties to define a "gendered citizenship" in the tensions and complexities of present society.

  1. Descolonizando el Feminismo: Una perspectiva desde América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Curiel Pichardo, Rosa Ynés Ochy

    2009-01-01

    Esta “otra” historia, la de una parte del feminismo de América Latina y El Caribe, un historia que ha sido invisibilizada a través de los tiempos, invisibilización que ha estado ligada a procesos de colonización y colonialidad histórica, que ha traspasado tanto las teorías como las prácticas políticas.

  2. O feminismo desconstruindo e re-construindo o conhecimento Feminism deconstructing and reconstructing knowledge

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    Eleonora Menicucci de Oliveira

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, relaciono sinteticamente alguns exemplos de situações enfrentadas pelas mulheres que observei durante a realização de pesquisa na área da saúde para enfatizar a necessidade do diálogo do conhecimento e das práticas de saúde com o feminismo. Em seguida, abordo alguns aspectos do diálogo da epistemologia com o feminismo, destacando a posição de Gaston Bachelard, de um lado, e de Dorothy Smith, Alison Jaggar, Susan Bordo, Gayle Rubin e Teresita de Barbieri, do outro. Por último sintetizo aquilo que considero como as grandes rupturas epistemológicas promovidas pelo feminismo, referindo-me à linguagem e ao trabalho.In this paper I briefly describe some examples of observations I made, while involved in a health care research project, of situations faced by women. The purpose of the exercise was to emphasize the need for an interaction(dialoguebetween knowledge, health care practice and feminism. I also discuss some aspects of the interaction(dialogue between epistemology and feminism in the light of the work of Bachelard as opposed to the views of Dorothy Smith, Alison Jaggar, Susan Bordo, Gayle Rubin and Teresita de Barbieri. Lastly, I attempt a synthesis of what I consider to be the major epistemological ruptures promoted by feminism concerning mainly language and work.

  3.  “Menos que mujeres los discursos normativos del cuerpo a través del feminismo y la discapacidad

    OpenAIRE

    Moscoso Pérez, Melania

    2007-01-01

    La temática de la discapacidad es una ausencia sangrante en el discurso del feminismo. Tal ausencia se explica por el hecho de que los feminismos de primera y segunda ola han heredado la concepción del cuerpo del patriarcado

  4. Mudando o debate sobre o tráfico de mulheres Shifting the debate on the traffic of women

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    Kamala Kempadoo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto apresento perspectivas e abordagens importantes no debate internacional sobre o tráfico de pessoas, e sublinho alguns dos principais pontos de crítica sobre o referencial contemporâneo hegemônico, pontos esses articulados através de projetos de pesquisa-ação e de intervenções contra o tráfico nas bases da sociedade. Argumento que, a despeito de mudanças substanciais no entendimento global sobre o tráfico, fortemente influenciadas por dois discursos feministas claramente diferentes (feminismo radical e feminismo transnacional, muito do que se busca hoje em nome de uma guerra ao tráfico tem conseqüências problemáticas para comunidades pobres ao redor do mundo, e tem implicações em termos de raça e gênero. As políticas norte-americanas são aqui trazidas ao debate para ilustrar algumas dessas tendências.In this text I present central perspectives and approaches in the international debate about the trafficking of persons, and highlight some of the main points of critique about the contemporary hegemonic framework that are articulated through action-research projects and grassroots anti-trafficking interventions. I argue that despite substantial shifts in global understandings about trafficking, which are heavily influenced by two distinctly different feminist discourses (radical feminism and transnational feminism, today much of what is pursued in the name of a war on trafficking has troubling consequences for poor communities around the world, and has gendered and racialized implications. US anti-trafficking policies are drawn upon here to illustrate some of these tendencies.

  5. Posmodernismos y Feminismos: Diálogos, Coincidencias y Resistencias

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Castillo, Rosalva Aída

    2004-01-01

    From a critical reading of Anglo-Saxon postmodern feminism, this article seeks to recover those methodological and epistemological proposals that may prove useful to Latin Americans who are questioning ethnocentric paradigms of Western positivism. The fact that western feminists, defenders and detractors exchange ideas, enables the author to approach the debates on the patriarchal nature of Western science and the epistemological and political quests undertaken from different angles of femini...

  6. Alexis de Tocqueville: opinión pública y declinación del discurso revolucionario

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    Ezequiel B. Sirlin

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en reconstruir una visión que aparece fragmentada en su obra: cómo los mecanismos de opinión en las sociedades democráticas debilitarían la propagación de las doctrinas revolucionarias. Entre sus diversas anticipaciones, Tocqueville señaló que la multiplicación de voces habría de devaluar el peso de cada una, moderando por el mismo efecto de la profusión la capacidad transformadora de las opiniones radicales. Tal vez por tratarse de una profecía esbozada en forma dispersa y subsidiaria de otros temas, los estudiosos han descuidado el anuncio de Tocqueville sobre la declinación del intelectual productor de grandes cambios. Llegaría el fin de todo discurso revolucionario capaz de sobresalir en las futuras sociedades democráticas. La multiplicación de publicaciones y de agentes culturales en pie de igualdad provocaría tal desdibujamiento de la autoridad intelectual que incluso los avances culturales serían difíciles de observar. Las especulaciones de Tocqueville sobre la opinión pública y el movimiento cultural en las democracias venideras conllevan un sentido aún no atendido convenientemente por la crítica: la premonición de un "polifonismo". El fenómeno de la multiplicación disolvería las figuras intelectuales, neutralizando el poder rector que el discurso revolucionario había ejercido en sociedades aristocráticas como la francesa.

  7. debate latinoamericano

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    Mabel Thwaites Rey

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Una vez completado el ciclo de ajuste estructural y de reformas estatales pro-mercado de corte neoliberal de los años noventa, en América latina ha comenzado una nueva etapa. Ya en el contexto de la globalización, problemas clásicos como el desarrollo, la dependencia y el papel del estado nacional vuelven a tener vigencia teórica y práctica. En estas páginas pasamos revista a una muy rica tradición crítica, que va desde la visión del desarrollo de la CEPAL hasta la “teoría de la dependencia” –incluyendo las contribuciones de autores marxistas y neo-marxistas–, que ha hecho un aporte importante para analizar los límites y las posibilidades del estado nación para establecer un espacio de autonomía frente al capitalismo global. Veremos, entonces, cómo viejos debates se entroncan hoy con nuevas confi guraciones políticas y experiencias en diversos países de la región y reintroducen en la agenda cuestiones tan vigentes como el desarrollo y la dependencia.

  8. The 1988 Electoral Debates and Debate Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiler, Michael

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the relationship of debate theory to the 1988 presidential and vice presidential debates. Proposes that the press's involvement retrieves the debates from the category of "joint appearances." Argues that major definitional difficulties are resolved by recognizing the press as one of the adversaries in the debate process. (MM)

  9. Traduciendo el feminismo: Taiwán, Spivak, A-Wu

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    Shu-Mei Shih

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo establece un diálogo entre las propuestas de Gayatri Spivak y las de la feminista taiwanesa A-Wu. Exponiendo las tensiones existentes dentro de los feminismos taiwaneses y su relación y negociación con las presiones imperialistas que configuran la identidad de la isla, la autora propone vías para una crítica recíproca entre grupos feministas que logre negociar productivamente con la universalización e intraducibilidad en cuyo marco tienen lugar los encuentros feministas transnacionales.

  10. Feminismo: encuentro y diversidad en organizaciones de mujeres latinoamericanas, 1985-1990

    OpenAIRE

    Luna, Lola G.

    1994-01-01

    El feminismo en Latinoamérica y su relación con las organizaciones de mujeres es el objetivo de este estudio. A través de las observación de testimonios de mujeres, se analizó el alcance del papel político de las relaciones de género en la sociedad de América Latina. En adición se muestra que las organizaciones de mujeres tienen diferentes origenes, como la desigualdad de género, dificultades económicas y para denunciar desapariciones y asesinatos de hijos y familaires.

  11. Esbozo de un feminismo latinoamericano Outlines of a Latin American feminism

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    María Luisa Femenías

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available ¿Existe un feminismo latinoamericano? Creemos que sí, y que tienen sus propias raíces y su propio perfil, que abreva de las múltiples corrientes teóricas y filosóficas de los desarrollos actuales del feminismo. Creemos además que la situación periférica del continente le permite tomar y situar diversas lecturas, trazar redes conceptuales y aceptar el desafío de pensar y plantear sus propios problemas. Este artículo pretende dar cuenta de algunos de esos desafíos y recorridos.Does a Latin American feminism exist? We believe it does and that it has its own roots and profile which derives from different theoretical and philosophical lines of the most important feminist achievements. We also believe that the so-called peripheral situation of the continent allows to situate and locate different readings, draw conceptual maps and accept that feminism's own challenges. This paper intends to map out some of challenges and trajectories.

  12. Características y vulnerabilidades del sector exportador cubano en el periodo revolucionario (1959-2013

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    Francisco García-Fernández

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza las transformaciones del sector exterior cubano a través de la evolución de un grupo de indicadores seleccionados en el periodo revolucionario entre 1959 y 2013 para identificar las principales vulnerabilidades que enfrenta en el corto y mediano plazos. Se siguió un enfoque histórico descriptivo basado en la evolución de variables económicas en el tiempo (1959-2013. Se observó que el sector exportador cubano ha sufrido cambios importantes, aunque ha mantenido debilidades estructurales, a lo largo del periodo considerado. A partir de 1989, Cuba tuvo que ajustar sus relaciones comerciales frente a la inesperada caída de los regímenes socialistas europeos con los cuales tenía relaciones privilegiadas. En la etapa sucesiva el comercio se ha diversificado, pero ha conservado la relación de dependencia con países ideológicamente afines, y con eso las debilidades mencionadas que en el corto plazo vislumbran un panorama poco alentador.

  13. ¿Feminismo en el mundo científico médico?

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    Miqueo, Consuelo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the tension and paradoxes that arise during the evaluation of the effects of feminist epistemology in the medical community. The international medical literature shows us that feminist bibliography is not usually cited. The term feminism is replaced by the methodological technical terms of «gender bias» or «gender perspectives » or «gender based health studies» in the medical journal articles. Medical authors do not explicitly recognize feminist genealogy even if they are women integrated in a gender studies network or well-known members of the feminist movement in Spain. After the discussion of these and other phenomena, this essay postulates the use of new data and criteria to raise the visibility of the impact of feminism in medicine by reviewing the medical practice and the therapeutic relationship. Finally, the heading question is changed: how has been medical practice affecting feminism since the 90’s?

    Este artículo se interroga acerca del papel que ha tenido la epistemología feminista en la emergencia de los estudios de género y salud. Al revisar la literatura internacional observamos una falta de evidencias de esa influencia intelectual: se cita raramente a las teóricas del feminismo, casi no hay uso explícito del termino feminismo, sustituido por el exitoso «sesgos de género» o «perspectiva de género», observándose similar silencio, incluso, en médicas significadas del movimiento feminista o reconocidas investigadoras de las redes de estudios de género, en el caso español. En este contexto, y tras examinar varias hipótesis explicativas del fenómeno, se propone cambiar los criterios de evaluación y el escenario para centrarse en la praxis médica y las relaciones terapéuticas. Finaliza la nota planteando la verdadera cuestión: ¿está influyendo esa práctica médica en el feminismo?, ¿cómo saberlo?

  14. Comunicação e feminismo: as possibilidades da era digital

    OpenAIRE

    Vera de Fatima Vieira

    2012-01-01

    Alicerçada no pressuposto da inter-relação entre os campos da comunicação e do feminismo, esta proposta pretende fornecer subsídios ao movimento de mulheres e feminista, comprovando que as Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação (TIC) -- que têm na internet a sua maior expressão -- não são um fim, mas um instrumento para a transformação social. Com a revolução das TIC, o avanço do trabalho pela equidade das relações sociais de gênero depara-se com o desafio da mudança de mentalidade. Concomit...

  15. Política democrática radical y feminismo

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    Soledad Martínez Labrin

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo presento una reflexión sobre el proyecto democrático radical de Chantal Mouffe y Ernesto Laclau. Específicamente, examino su aplicación en el contexto de los ?nuevos movimientos sociales? y, en especial, del movimiento feminista. Planteo la necesidad de poner atención al universalismo y al esencialismo como principales obstáculos para generar un colectivo sin márgenes. Sin embargo, queda la duda respecto de la posibilidad o no de construir un feminismo a la medida de la democracia radical, en un punto en el que la acción política de dicho movimiento está categorialmente cerrada y cristalizada.

  16. El Trabajo Social, el feminismo y la modernización en Colombia, (1936 - 1986)

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Rodríguez, María Himelda

    2011-01-01

    Presentación. Esta exposición propone un recorrido por cuarenta años del proceso de profesionalización del Trabajo Social en Colombia. Se observa de qué forma un sector de mujeres en el país, asumió las condiciones restrictivas de su medio para participar de ciertas promesas de la modernización. Esto es, el acceso a la educación, al trabajo remunerado, a la participación política, a sus búsquedas en pro de la igualdad y de la justicia social. El Trabajo Social como profesión y el feminismo co...

  17. ¿Qué / (Cuándo es feminismo?

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    González Marín, Carmen

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available As a proper space inside of Gender Studies, Feminism in XXI century shows a double face: on one hand, academic work following the lines traced form the eighties and nineties; on the other hand a radical answer to the weaknesses of such feminisms, which focus metaphysically on women identities, and politically on the full incorporation of women to the public sphere. Looking around to other realities, or inside to other identities are probably the two more interesting proposals, at least in the measure that it obliges us to think once more the classic topics in feminism, and opens our minds to new trends in conceptual work.

    Como un espacio propio dentro de los Estudios de Género, la reflexión feminista en el siglo XXI presenta una doble faz: por un lado, una cara continuista, marcada por el tipo de trabajo académico de los ochenta y noventa, y otra que se presenta como una respuesta radical a las debilidades de esos feminismos, cuyo ámbito de intereses ha sido la construcción de la identidad femenina, desde un punto de vista metafísico, y la incorporación plena de las mujeres a la esfera pública. Una mirada alrededor para descubrir otras realidades, o una mirada hacia adentro en busca de identidades nuevas son probablemente las propuestas más interesantes, al menos en la medida en que nos obliga a repensar los tópicos clásicos del feminismo, y a abrir nuevos caminos para el trabajo conceptual.

  18. Diálogos entre feminismos y Buen Vivir/Vivir Bien : distintas perspectivas, múltiples puntos de encuentro

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Este artículo surge del diálogo entre distintos saberes y conocimientos, con el objetivo de identificar principalmente las convergencias entre el Buen Vivir/Vivir Bien y los feminismos latinoamericanos. Iniciamos este trabajo considerando las ideas centrales del enfoque del Buen Vivir/Vivir Bien y sus mecanismos de traducción concreta en las reformas constitucionales de Bolivia y Ecuador. Luego, nos detenemos en las confluencias –aunque identificando al...

  19. Feminismo em movimento: temas e processos organizativos da Marcha Mundial das Mulheres no Fórum Social Mundial Feminism in motion: issues and organising processes of the World March of Women in the World Social Forum

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    Miriam Nobre

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available O texto apresenta uma comparação entre o surgimento e desenvolvimento do processo Fórum Social Mundial e a Marcha Mundial das Mulheres no Brasil. O Fórum teve uma enorme contribuição para historicizar a globalização capitalista e mudar os termos do debate, e o movimento de mulheres tem sua trajetória imersa neste contexto, assim como o feminismo tem um grande potencial para desnaturalizar o discurso sobre a globalização e a economia neoliberal. O texto também mostra as relações construídas entre os movimentos sociais e suas agendas em comum que vêm se expressando no conjunto das ações do movimento antiglobalização.The text presents a comparisson among the raising and development of the World Social Forum and of the World March of Women in Brazil. The Forum has had an enormous contribution to historicize the capitalist globalization and to change the terms of the debate, and the women's movement has its trajectory embeded in this context, as well as the great potential that feminism has to denaturalize the mainstream vision on globalization and neoliberal economy. The text also presents the relation built among the movements and their common agendas that has being expressed in the framework of the anti-globalization movement actions.

  20. Nuestra América. Un programa revolucionario a ciento veinte años de su primera publicación

    OpenAIRE

    Yamandú Acosta

    2014-01-01

    Haciendo nuestra la tesis de Salvador Morales que hace del ensayo martiano y en particular de Nuestra América ejemplo paradigmático de “ensayo revolucionario”, pretendemos profundizarla en el señalamiento de la identidad del texto de 1891 como ensayo transmoderno portador de un programa transmoderno con un consecuente potencial revolucionario capaz de trascender los límites de la modernidad.Sostendremos que este ensayo tiene el rango de un programa político - cultural en el que los rasgos ana...

  1. El bloque de jóvenes revolucionarios de Michoacán y la politica social Cardenista 1930-1936

    OpenAIRE

    Méndez Moreno, Carlos Domingo

    2012-01-01

    El proceso revolucionario iniciado en 1910 permitió que durante las décadas de los años veinte y treinta del siglo surgieran una serie de líderes regionales, que con el transcurrir del tiempo llegaron a ostentar el poder en sus respectivas zonas de influencia. Debido a la inestabilidad política que imperaba en el país, esto se agudizó en una lucha de poder, tanto central como regional. Después del movimiento armado que inició Francisco I. Madero y posterior a su muerte, las ...

  2. Entrevista a Nemesio Juárez: “en el cine revolucionario el héroe es el hombre común”

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    Ana Clara Tosi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El cine y las declaraciones de Nemesio Juárez, presentan las particularidades de la producción cinematográfica de América Latina, de los años 60 y 70, cine comprometido y revolucionario. Nemesio, participó del Grupo de Cine Liberación que integraban Fernando “Pino” Solanas, Octavio Getino y Gerardo Vallejo; y fue uno de los realizadores que puso el cine al servicio de una organización sindical.

  3. Integración, mestizaje y nacionalismo en el México revolucionario. Forjando Patria de Manuel Gamio: la diversidad subordinada al afán de unidad

    OpenAIRE

    Guillermo Castillo Ramírez

    2014-01-01

    E ste trabajo analiza el programa integracionista de Manuel Gamio en su obra Forjando Patria como un proyecto d e nacionalidad surgido e n el contexto histó rico del México revolucionario, en el que la diversidad cultural se supeditaba a la idea de unidad . En primer lugar, se rastrea la relación del programa integracionista con sus antecedentes, las ideas de “ mestizaj e ” y “ mestizo ” de fines del siglo XIX y principios del XX. Luego se analiza la influencia que el integracionismo de Gamio...

  4. Cinema e feminismos entre poética e devir: por uma tecnologia engendrada

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    Fernanda Capibaribe Leite

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo visa contribuir para a construção de uma poética feminista no cinema e audiovisual contemporâneo concebida na ideia de trânsito ou fluxos para sujeitos de gênero compreendidas/os fora da lógica dos binarismos “cis” e heteronormativos. Para tanto, atualiza a acepção em Lauretis (1987 de que o cinema se constitui como tecnologia de gênero, e aborda tal premissa no contexto das imagens tecnológicas e digitais através do conceito de percepto de devir feminista. Tal relação proposta engloba a ideia de que a poética feminista atualmente se alicerça cada vez mais na prerrogativa das experiências próprias de personagens subjetificadas/os, por um caminho patêmico no qual mulheres cis e trans não mais são colocadas sob o olhar do outro-homem-dominador, mas, ao contrário, se enunciam sob referências de seus próprios cotidianos e espaços de interlocução. Nesse sentido, a atualização da ideia de tecnologia de gênero para o cinema está ligada ao fato de que tais imagens configuram desterritorializações, devires, tanto no que toca a relação hegemonia-subalternidade no sistema sexo-gênero como no que se refere à própria ideia dos sujeitos legítimos e nomeados no feminismo. Como escopo investigativo, lanço um olhar sobre a produção Dude looks Like a Lady, parte da série de curtas em pornografia feminista intitulada XConfessions (LUST, 2013, 125min, oriundos de relatos em texto sobre fantasias e/ou experiências enviadas pela internet. Apesar de tratar de tal realização em particular, a trago também como espaço de acionamento de outras produções na perspectiva do feminismo, que endossam ou potencializam o lugar da diferença em produções com foco nos sujeitos engendrados.

  5. Watching with Intent in the Mojigangas. Towards a Rereading of Ramón del Valle-Inclán’s Fin de un revolucionario

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    Amparo de Juan Bolufer

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks a political and ideological reading of Ramón del Valle-Inclan’s novella Fin de un revolucionario. Aleluyas de la Gloriosa. It was published in the popular collection Los novelistas in 1928, whose second part was entitled "Vísperas de Alcolea", featuring the execution of Benjamín Fernández Vallín on September 25, 1868; this would not be collected later in any volume of El Ruedo Ibérico, receiving no special attention from literary criticism. Based on the selection and manipulation of historical sources by the writer did in order to build his story, both the peculiar structure of the novella in its relation to gender “aleluya”  and the narrative techniques focused in the literary mode of the esperpento are analysed, paying special attention to the characterization of the main character, and the narrator`s involvement in the story, whose unheroic and demystifying interpretation of pre-revolutionary historical events seeps into the narrative. In this way, Fin de un revolucionario is revealed as an instrument of unquestionable efficacy to approach the political message of the series and the vision of the history of Spain as an example of the tragic mojiganga that Ramón del Valle-Inclán reflected in his historical novels of the twenties.

  6. Are debatable scientific questions debatable? (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oreskes, N.

    2010-12-01

    Are debatable scientific questions debatable? In 2000, the physicist-philosopher John Ziman posed this pithy—and crucial—question. He noted that scientists were at a disadvantage in public debate, because the rules of engagement are different in scientific discourse than in public discourse in ways that make it difficult for scientists to ‘win’ public arguments, even when the facts are on their side. In this paper, I revisit Ziman’s arguments in light of the difficulties that climate scientists have had in communicating the reality and gravity of global warming. In addition to the problem posed by Ziman, I also address the role of organized disinformation in further increasing the challenges that climate scientists face.

  7. Subjetividad política en el feminismo de la diferencia sexual: deseo y poder

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    Claudia Luz Piedrahíta Echandía

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo establezco, en el marco del feminismo de la Diferencia Sexual, una discusión sobre subjetividad política entendida fundamentalmente como experiencia de poder y deseo en las mujeres, constituida a partir de la des-identificación y desterritorialización de los lugares asignados de género, y expresada en una revolución cultural que desborda los marcos falocéntricos instituidos. En esta dirección, indago en torno a la creación de nuevas imágenes y formas de ser mujer y no en la discusión de relaciones "generizadas", insertas y sedimentadas en la cultura; busco a través de esta perspectiva potenciadora, figuraciones y concepciones que atrapen la dimensión creadora encarnada en historias de mujeres que expresan nuevas relaciones con el mundo y otras formas de aproximarse al poder y la política. En el artículo pongo a consideración herramientas teóricas que permiten visibilizar, no la carencia, sino las experiencias de poder insertas en metamorfosis, en formas extrañas de ser mujer y en trayectorias vitalistas que exteriorizan subjetividades políticas hechas de deseo y afecto.

  8. LA LUCHA DE LAS MUJERES EN AMÉRICA LATINA: FEMINISMO, CIUDADANÍA Y DERECHOS

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    Gloria Estela Bonilla Vélez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo explora los diversos discursos generados acerca de las mujeres, del feminismo y del sufragismo en los años que se suceden desde los albores de las primeras reivindicaciones feministas hasta la época en que finalmente las organizaciones sufragistas conquistaron la igualdad de derechos políticos para las mujeres, y de cómo influyeron en la historia de la lucha por el sufragio femenino. Interesa ante todo el pensamiento de las mismas mujeres, las primeras que rompieron la tradición y empezaron a hablar y escribir para el público femenino sobre ellas mismas. Escribieron para proponer una nueva mujer, aunque en esa toma de la palabra las opiniones las dividieron en torno a asuntos tan álgidos como la educación, el voto, y el trabajo. Queremos mostrar como fue ese transito a la conquista de la ciudadanía. El artículo se divide en dos partes: una primera da cuenta de la lucha de las mujeres en América latina y la segunda se centra en el caso de Colombia.

  9. Feminismos en clave latinoamericana: un recorrido sobre Fem, Isis y Fempress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Grammático

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo presentamos un recorrido histórico de tres de los más destacados proyectos de comunicación que el feminismo contemporáneo latinoamericano llevó adelante en el último cuarto del siglo XX: la revista mexicana Fem, iniciativa pionera que se esforzó por combinar la producción teórica y creación feministas con las demandas políticas del movimiento de mujeres, y los emprendimientos comunicacionales que llevaron adelante Isis Internacional y Fempress.In this paper we present a historical overview of the three most outstanding projects of communication that the contemporary Latin American feminism carried on in the last quarter of the last century: the Mexican magazine Fem, a pioneering initiative which attempted to combine the theoretical and creative productions with the political demands of women's movement, and the communication enterprises carried out by Fempress and Isis International.

  10. Las jóvenes y el feminismo: ¿Indiferencia o compromiso? Young women and feminism: indifference or commitment?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oralia Gómez-Ramírez

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo analizamos la relación entre el feminismo y las jóvenes en México. El eje rector responde a la interrogante de si existen jóvenes feministas y, de ser así, cuál es su participación y papel en los movimientos feministas del país. Si bien percibimos con toda claridad, por una parte, que el feminismo ha impactado directamente las vidas de las jóvenes; por otro lado, sólo un número minúsculo se asume como feminista. La situación en este sentido es inquietante, sin embargo, ya sea desde la política o la academia observamos que algunas jóvenes sí se comprometen con los feminismos, y son ellas quienes se integran a espacios establecidos o bien generan propuestas autónomas e independientes para dar expresión a sus posturas, entre otras, mediante la generación de redes.In this article we analyze the relationship between feminism and young women in Mexico. Our central purpose consists of analyzing whether there are young feminist women and, if so, what their participation and role in the Mexican feminist and women's movements are. We argue that while feminism has undoubtedly impacted young women's lives, only a small number of them self-identifies as feminists. This situation is disquieting; however, by participating either in local political movements or in the academia, some young women do commit themselves with feminisms, and thus, strengthen and/or generate autonomous and independent projects that allow them to express their points of view, among other means, by creating networks.

  11. A propósito de un feminismo propiamente nuestroamericano On a Truly Our-American Feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Gargallo Celentani

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available En el siglo XIX, el feminismo fue un intento de entender qué es la falta de igualdad y de defender el derecho a la misma, desde la perspectiva del individuo inserto en la sociedad. Aunque el feminismo contemporáneo ya no se centra en una reivindicación emancipatoria de igualdad con un "modelo" de ciudadano, la idea de que las mujeres como individuos nos tenemos que liberar sigue siendo el telón de fondo de toda la acción feminista. No cabe, pues, cuestionar que la liberación de las mujeres como mujeres es una tarea de todas. Sin embargo, cabe poner en duda que esta liberación sólo tiene una vertiente individual y que la perspectiva de la liberación del individuo sea universal. Esto supone una explicitación del punto de partida y el interés por trabajar desde el feminismo una concepción del mundo que ha sido cuestionada desde otros ámbitos de la reflexión política y epistemológica.During the 19th century feminism was an attempt to understand the lack of equality and to defend the right of the individual-within-society to it. Though contemporary feminism does not focus on emancipative claims of equality regarding a citizen model, the idea of women as individuals in need of liberation is still the background of every feminist action. There is no questioning that women's liberation, in as much as they are women, is an every woman's task. Nevertheless, the question remains as for this liberation having only an individual side and the perspective of individual's liberation being universal. This needs a clear statement regarding the starting point and the intention to work with a feminist approach on a concept of world that has been questioned in political reflection and epistemology fields.

  12. Traduciendo prácticas, tejiendo redes, cruzando fronteras. Itinerarios del feminismo argentino de los '70s

    OpenAIRE

    Felitti,Karina

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo estudia la recepción de las ideas y prácticas del feminismo estadounidense y francés de la segunda ola en la Argentina, sus traducciones y apropiaciones; y la presencia de noticias, informes y entrevistas sobre las organizaciones feministas argentinas y la situación de las mujeres y de los homosexuales bajo la dictadura militar, en las principales revistas feministas francesas de los 70s. La propuesta es reflexionar sobre las circulaciones de saberes, co...

  13. Algunas notas sobre el feminismo y la vida política en América Latina

    OpenAIRE

    Dueñas Vargas, Guiomar

    1997-01-01

    La participación política de las mujeres en América Latina no es un hecho nuevo. Desde los tiempos, ahora lejanos, de la conquista y la Colonia ellas han jugado un papel central, pero ignorado por los que escriben la historia. Aún hoy, cuando el feminismo de la región ha desbordado las fronteras nacionales, y se ha expresado en múltiples Movimientos con demandas específicas y novedosas, persiste en algunos círculos la creencia de su caracter "derivativo," de movimientos feministas de países i...

  14. Debating complexity in modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Randall J.; Zheng, Chunmiao

    1999-01-01

    Complexity in modeling would seem to be an issue of universal importance throughout the geosciences, perhaps throughout all science, if the debate last year among groundwater modelers is any indication. During the discussion the following questions and observations made up the heart of the debate.

  15. ¿Fascistas o revolucionarios? Política de izquierda y de derecha entre los campesinos pobres ¿Fascistas o revolucionarios? Política de izquierda y de derecha entre los campesinos pobres

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    Leslie Anderson

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La expansión de la democracia en América Latina y su extensión en el tiempo ha puesto de manifiesto una tendencia sorprendente y preocupante. Muchos de los nuevos electores latinoamericanos han dado su apoyo a candidatos de derecha y no democráticos que una vez en el poder han atentado de diversas maneras contra la democracia. Dentro del electorado se constata que ese apoyo a las fuerzas antidemocráticas es mayor en la población rural. A la luz de la bibliografía de los años 70 y 80 sobre las revoluciones campesinas de Rusia, China, Cuba o Nicaragua, este derechismo campesino es un rompecabezas: ¿los campesinos son fascistas o revolucionarios? Para descifrar este enigma, el trabajo en primer lugar analiza cuatro casos de apoyo rural al fascismo o al autoritarismo populista en la primera mitad del siglo XX (Francia, Italia, Alemania y Argentina. Compara los factores explicativos que emergen de esa comparación con los resultados obtenidos de la investigación sobre el izquierdismo campesino en China, Rusia, Cuba y Nicaragua. La conclusión del trabajo es que hay dos conjuntos de factores que explican el apoyo de los campesinos a la izquierda o a la derecha. El primer tipo de factores, de transfondo, incluye el contexto económico y las relaciones sociales de propiedad y tenencia de la tierra. El segundo tipo de factores, de primer plano,incluye el tipo de liderazgo, el estilo organizativo y la habilidad política, así como el tipo de retórica que se usa para atraer el voto campesino. La población rural no es por naturaleza ni de derecha ni de izquierda, sino que su apoyo puede llevarse a cualquiera de los dos lados dependiendo del trasfondo económico-social y de la escena política. En América Latina hay que estudiar en detalle los estilos de liderazgo y las retóricas de los candidatos. Estas variables de primera instancia nos van a permitir dictaminar si el apoyo electoral dará lugar a panoramas fascistas o autoritarios como los

  16. Justicia de proximidad y gobierno político-militar en la frontera. Equipamiento institucional del Valle de Uco (Mendoza durante el proceso revolucionario (1810-1820

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    Eugenia Molina

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo reconstruye el proceso de equipamiento institucional de la campaña sur de Mendoza durante el proceso revolucionario. Focaliza la atención en la trama de funcionarios designados para la villa de San Carlos y el Valle de Uco, con el objetivo de  mostrar las articulaciones entre justicia de proximidad, gobierno político-militar y construcción de la legitimidad. La hipótesis es que las propias características de un espacio de frontera se complejizaron en el contexto de guerra, atravesaron la territorialización de este ámbito de la jurisdicción mendocina al hacer que la solución de la cuestión de la distancia tuviera un rol clave en las estrategias para gobernarlo.

  17. Integración, mestizaje y nacionalismo en el México revolucionario. Forjando Patria de Manuel Gamio: la diversidad subordinada al afán de unidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Castillo Ramírez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available E ste trabajo analiza el programa integracionista de Manuel Gamio en su obra Forjando Patria como un proyecto d e nacionalidad surgido e n el contexto histó rico del México revolucionario, en el que la diversidad cultural se supeditaba a la idea de unidad . En primer lugar, se rastrea la relación del programa integracionista con sus antecedentes, las ideas de “ mestizaj e ” y “ mestizo ” de fines del siglo XIX y principios del XX. Luego se analiza la influencia que el integracionismo de Gamio recibió de algunos modelos europeos de nacionalidad y cambio sociocultural en el contexto de la heterogeneidad socio - étnica del México de 1916. Finalmente , se hacen visibles los vínculos entre las concepciones de diversidad cultural, nación y nacionalismo en la obra de l autor .

  18. Gabriela Mistral: feminismo y educación en la Revolución Mexicana y sus alcances en la actualidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Farías Rojas

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como objetivo educar sobre una faceta poco popular en la biografía de Gabriela Mistral. Esta faceta tiene que ver con su actitud revolucionaria frente a la educación debido a que su práctica educativa estaba pletórica de feminismo y cambios radicales en el camino que la educación latinoamericana debía tomar. De esta forma, se analizará el contexto histórico-filosófico de la Revolución Mexicana, instancia en la cual Mistral pudo colaborar incorporando su visión de la educación e influyendo con su feminismo. Asimismo, se reflexionará sobre la biografía de la poeta hasta la fecha en que se suma a la reforma educacional de José Vasconcelos en México, se estudiará el feminismo presente en su vida y en su escrito La Instrucción de la Mujer, como también se mostrará cómo trabajó en el México de la época mencionada. Además, se analizarán los aspectos históricos principales del feminismo en Chile como a su vez se mostrarán los fundamentos curriculares en la historia para hacer una comparación con la pedagogía mistraliana.

  19. De mirón en las mojigangas. Hacia una relectura de Fin de un revolucionario de Ramón del Valle-Inclán / Watching with Intent in the Mojigangas. Towards a Rereading of Ramón del Valle-Inclán’s Fin de un revolucionario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo de Juan Bolufer

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende una relectura política e ideológica de la novela corta de Ramón del Valle-Inclán Fin de un revolucionario. Aleluyas de la Gloriosa. Publicada en la colección popular Los novelistas en 1928, su segunda parte titulada “Vísperas de Alcolea”, en la que se narra el fusilamiento de Benjamín Fernández Vallín el 25 de septiembre de 1868, no fue recogida posteriormente en ningún volumen de El Ruedo Ibérico y no ha recibido especial atención por parte de la crítica. Partiendo de la selección y manipulación de las fuentes históricas que el escritor realizó para construir su relato, se analiza la peculiar estructura de la novela corta en su relación con el género de la aleluya, las técnicas narrativas de la misma encuadradas en la modalidad literaria del esperpento, con especial atención a la caracterización del personaje protagonista, y la implicación del narrador en el relato cuya interpretación desmitificadora y antiheroica de los acontecimientos históricos pre-revolucionarios se filtra en la narración. De esta forma Fin de un revolucionario se revela como un instrumento de indudable eficacia para acercarnos al mensaje político de la serie ibérica y a la visión de la historia de España como trágica mojiganga que Ramón del Valle-Inclán plasma en sus novelas históricas de los años veinte. This paper seeks a political and ideological reading of Ramón del Valle-Inclan’s novella Fin de un revolucionario. Aleluyas de la Gloriosa. It was published in the popular collection Los novelistas in 1928, whose second part was entitled "Vísperas de Alcolea", featuring the execution of Benjamín Fernández Vallín on September 25, 1868; this would not be collected later in any volume of El Ruedo Ibérico, receiving no special attention from literary criticism. Based on the selection and manipulation of historical sources by the writer did in order to build his story, both the peculiar structure of the

  20. El feminismo filosófico en España: entrevista a Celia Amorós

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    León Hernández, Luz Stella

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Celia Amorós is the major contributing feminist philosopher of the Enlightenment in Spain. Not only because of her research about the correlation of theoretical and practical feminism, but also because of her mapping of actual feminism, its main aims and projects. Together with Amelia Valcárcel, Amorós is also one of the main feminists of equality, since she traces the goals of feminism as an enlightened, freeing and radical movement. Along this interview, main contemporary key issues —as globalization, multiculturalism, equality policy or the alliance of the civilizations— are explored from her feminist contribution. It is becoming increasingly difficult to ignore the contributions of feminism to these subjects. In addition, the working out of local feminisms plays a key role in global women’s emancipation in an attempt of avoiding the suffering from several major drawbacks.

    A través de las preguntas sobre su trayectoria como filósofa feminista ilustrada, la relación entre la teoría y la práctica feministas, la situación del feminismo en la actualidad y sus metas y proyectos más urgentes, entre otras, Celia Amorós —máxima representante, junto a Amelia Valcárcel, de la teoría feminista filosófica de la igualdad— nos «ilustra» sobre los retos del feminismo como movimiento ilustrado, emancipador y radicalmente igualitarista. Al hilo de su narración van surgiendo temas fundamentales como la globalización, el multiculturalismo, las políticas de igualdad, la alianza de civilizaciones, la necesidad de buscar «vetas de Ilustración», entre otros. Temas urgentes que nos exigen confrontarlos, pasarlos por el tamiz del feminismo, con la certeza de que «las mujeres nos lo jugamos todo» como internacionalismo porque, como se nos dice aquí, o la liberación de las mujeres se da en todas partes o no se da, pues siempre puede haber involuciones.

  1. Nuclear energy debate

    CERN Document Server

    Healey, Justin

    2012-01-01

    The debate over the introduction of nuclear power in Australia has recently become more heated in light of safety concerns over the nuclear reactor meltdown emergency in Japan. Australia has also just committed to a carbon trading scheme to address its reliance on coal-fired energy and reduce greenhouse emissions. With 40% of the world's uranium located in Australia, the economic, environmental and health considerations are significant. This book contains an overview of global nuclear energy use and production, and presents a range of current opinions debating the pros and cons of Australia's

  2. Derailing the Growth Debate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen

    2009-01-01

    that we know today implies that the report was in any sense fundamentally wrong. A cohort of critics at the time, it can be said, was seriously in error when they managed to derail the debate by rejecting the report’s conclusions, and a lot of the critique was not related to the content of the report...

  3. Vitalism and the Darwin Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, James

    2012-01-01

    There are currently both scientific and public debates surrounding Darwinism. In the scientific debate, the details of evolution are in dispute, but not the central thesis of Darwin's theory; in the public debate, Darwinism itself is questioned. I concentrate on the public debate because of its direct impact on education in the United States. Some…

  4. Vitalism and the Darwin Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, James

    2012-01-01

    There are currently both scientific and public debates surrounding Darwinism. In the scientific debate, the details of evolution are in dispute, but not the central thesis of Darwin's theory; in the public debate, Darwinism itself is questioned. I concentrate on the public debate because of its direct impact on education in the United States. Some…

  5. Pedagogía, feminismo y emociones: una lectura de “Lección de cocina” de Rosario Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena López

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone un examen de la relación entre pedagogía, literatura, feminismo y emociones. Con este fin, he dividido mi trabajo en tres secciones. Primero, exploro las estrategias para una pedagogía de la literatura comprometida con una crítica feminista. Después explico la productividad de la noción de cuerpo y algunas de las premisas de los Estudios de las Emociones. Por último, me centro en una lectura discursiva y emocional de “Lección de cocina” de Rosario Castellanos que ilumine varios de los puntos teóricos anteriores.

  6. Las guerrillas marxistas y la pena de muerte a combatientes. Un examen de los delitos capitales y del "juicio revolucionario": An Analysis of Capital Crimes and "Revolutionary Courts-martial"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIO AGUILERA PEÑA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo examina los códigos, las normas y los procedimientos de las guerrillas colombianas contemporáneas para imponer la pena capital. El artículo se pregunta por las diferencias y semejanzas entre las FARC y el ELN, e incluso con otras guerrillas, al definir los delitos acreedores a esa sanción, evidenciando que las delimitaciones establecidas están cargadas de criterios, valores y visiones frente al control disciplinario y a la necesidad de asegurar la supervivencia de los aparatos armados. Al mismo tiempo, se examina el proceso de juzgamiento a través de los llamados "consejos de guerra revolucionarios" o "juicios revolucionarios", mostrando el procedimiento, los mecanismos de defensa, los controles para garantizar el cumplimiento de las reglas, las inconsistencias y limitaciones de dichos juicios.

  7. El manzano revolucionario de Gustave Flaubert y los ocho materialismo de Jacques Lacan // Gustave Flaubert`s revolutionary apple tree and Lacan`s eight materialisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pavón Cuéllar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Se examina la actitud ambivalente de Jacques Lacan hacia el materialismo a la luz de una escena puntual en la novela Bouvard et Pécuchet de Gustave Flaubert. Esta escena, en la que un manzano reviste la forma de un revolucionario, nos permite discutir la esencia problemática de la materialidad en Lacan. Se distinguen ocho formas de materialismo en la teoría lacaniana y se muestra su oposición con respecto a otras formas de materialismo rechazadas en la misma teoría. // Jacques Lacan's ambivalent attitude towards materialism is examined at the light of a precise scene in Gustave Flaubert's novel Bouvard et Pécuchet. This scene, in which an apple tree takes the form of a revolutionary, allows us to discuss the problematic essence of materiality in Lacan. Eight forms of materialism are distinguished in Lacanian theory and opposed to other forms of materialism that would be rejected in this theory.

  8. María Estela Spinelli. De antiperonistas a peronistas revolucionarios. Las clases medias en el centro de la crisis política argentina (1955-1973

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Virginia Mellado

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available La nueva historiografía sobre el pasado reciente ha consensuado que el tiempo cercano no debe ser patrimonio exclusivo de una disciplina científica, pues implica un verdadero trabajo multidisciplinario que dé cuenta de las especificidades, problemas y metodologías particulares de este campo en construcción. La obra de María Estela Spinelli resuelve este dilema al analizar el pasado cercano desde la historia, a la vez que utiliza herramientas e investigaciones de una pluralidad de disciplinas sociales. El libro tiene como principal objetivo indagar el periplo de las clases medias argentinas desde sus experiencias políticas vinculadas con el antiperonismo hacia aquellas ligadas al peronismo revolucionario. Este sinuoso proceso se inscribe en un conjunto de transformaciones del campo político, social y cultural que explican que grupos de clases medias urbanas abrazaran al peronismo en su versión radicalizada. El convulsionado mundo de posguerra, del cual la Argentina es integrante, constituye el marco de referencia para comprender las vicisitudes de estos grupos. Con ello, el texto aporta, desde un caso nacional, argumentos explicativos en torno al proceso de radicalización y efervescencia política que atravesó al conjunto de América Latina.

  9. Orígenes de un desencuentro: El Partido Comunista de Chile ante el Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario y la dictadura de Villarroel en Bolivia (1943-1946

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Fernández Abara

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo aborda la interpretación del Partido Comunista de Chile sobre la Dictadura de Gualberto Villarroel en Bolivia y la actuación que tuvo en ella el Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, entre los años 1943 y 1946. El autor sostiene que dicha interpretación estuvo marcada por el antifascismo y por una lectura de la historia boliviana teñida de tópicos liberales. Así, el nacionalismo del MNR y los militares bolivianos  fue representado como una forma de fascismo y su actuación en el concierto latinoamericano fue interpretada bajo una óptica panamericanista, considerándola como parte de un plan del Eje para dificultar la labor de los aliados en América. En esta línea, los comunistas chilenos pugnaron por que la Cancillería chilena negara el reconocimiento al gobierno boliviano y entraron en pugna con actores políticos y sindicales chilenos proclives a conceder el reconocimiento a dicho régimen.

  10. Nuestra América. Un programa revolucionario a ciento veinte años de su primera publicación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamandú Acosta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Haciendo nuestra la tesis de Salvador Morales que hace del ensayo martiano y en particular de Nuestra América ejemplo paradigmático de “ensayo revolucionario”, pretendemos profundizarla en el señalamiento de la identidad del texto de 1891 como ensayo transmoderno portador de un programa transmoderno con un consecuente potencial revolucionario capaz de trascender los límites de la modernidad.Sostendremos que este ensayo tiene el rango de un programa político - cultural en el que los rasgos analítico-crítico-normativos de esta determinación, se ven favorecidos en términos performativos por la “carga estética y ética compulsiva a la acción” señalada por Morales.También afirmaremos, como lo hemos hecho en otras oportunidades, que este programa además de ser válido por incluir orientaciones legítimas en términos del deber ser, no ha dejado de estar vigente en la perspectiva de una vigencia instituyente desde el momento mismo de su publicación.

  11. Revistas y políticas de traducción del feminismo mexicano contemporáneo Journals and translation policies of contemporary mexican feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márgara Millán

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo me centraré en el análisis de tres importantes revistas y circuitos editoriales que constituyen, desde mi perspectiva, una parte importante de la política y la visibilidad feminista en el México contemporáneo: Debate Feminista, 1990, Fem, 1976 y La Correa Feminista, 1991. Voy a analizar estas publicaciones enfatizando lo que denominaré sus "políticas de traducción", aludiendo a los conceptos de feminismo y/o de género que promueven según las autoras y críticas que traducen. La noción de "traducción" significa, en este contexto, dos cosas: la traducción de ciertos autores y teorías y la manera en que estas traducciones se alinean con el contexto político local. Leeré estas traducciones entonces, de acuerdo a cómo se incorporan y participan de un panorama político más amplio, de cómo se presentan en un marco editorial determinado y del momento en que se hacen las publicaciones, entendiendo todo esto como maneras de intervenir en la arena política local. Al entender las traducciones como políticas de intervención, asumimos que esta es una de las formas en las que los grupos feministas establecen sus vínculos, sus alianzas, y sus plataformas para relacionarse con los movimientos sociales y los actores políticos nacionales. Me referiré al espacio de diálogo entre mujeres como un espacio problemático donde participan los grupos feministas y sus agendas, y las mujeres de diversos movimientos sociales y sus agendas. El texto de Rebecca E. Biron "Feminist periodicals and political crisis in Mexico"1 fue la inspiración central de este trabajo, así como el marco propuesto por Claudia de Lima Costa2 sobre transnacionalizacióntraducción como conceptos que necesitan ser clarificados desde sus significados locales y globalesThis essay focuses on the analysis of three important journals and editorial circuits which constitute, from this perspective, a significant part of feminist policy and visibility in

  12. 'Homeopathy': untangling the debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Relton, Clare; O'Cathain, Alicia; Thomas, Kate J

    2008-07-01

    There are active public campaigns both for and against homeopathy, and its continuing availability in the NHS is debated in the medical, scientific and popular press. However, there is a lack of clarity in key terms used in the debate, and in how the evidence base of homeopathy is described and interpreted. The term 'homeopathy' is used with several different meanings including: the therapeutic system, homeopathic medicine, treatment by a homeopath, and the principles of 'homeopathy'. Conclusions drawn from one of these aspects are often inappropriately applied to another aspect. In interpreting the homeopathy evidence it is important to understand that the existing clinical experimental (randomised controlled trial) evidence base provides evidence as to the efficacy of homeopathic medicines, but not the effectiveness of treatment by a homeopath. The observational evidence base provides evidence as to the effectiveness of treatment by a homeopath. We make four recommendations to promote clarity in the reporting, design and interpretation of homeopathy research.

  13. Reflexiones sobre los feminismos y los usos de la categoría de género, ¿la trayectoria de un divorcio?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Godoy Ferro

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta los resultados de una breve investigación sobre la fractura entre los estudios de género y los feminismos a partir de análisis del primer programa de estudios de la mujer en América Latina, el PIEM (Programa Interdisciplinar de Estudios de la Mujer de El Colegio de México.

  14. Debates políticos en la guerrilla del Ejército Libertador (1968-1971

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Campos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es destacar, en el marco de la historia reciente de la violencia política en Argentina, la importancia de las pioneras "agrupaciones menores" de la década de 1960, ya que en su origen, desarrollo y devenir aparecerán buena parte de las legitimaciones que harán suyas las grandes organizaciones político-militares de la década siguiente. En la guerrilla del Ejército Libertador aparecerán debates precursores sobre la lucha guerrillera como detonante revolucionario, el partido de vanguardia y la moral revolucionaria. Finalmente, la represión y la cuestión del peronismo terminarán por disolver el grupo.

  15. Transfeminismo, decolonialidad y el asunto del conocimiento: inflexiones de los feminismos disidentes contemporáneos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Cabrera

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the monitoring of some theoretical branches of contemporary feminisms, this article proposes three dissents that collect what we believe to be some of the strongest points of inflection in their current debates. We propose that, based on these inflections, new areas of discussion and new methodological and research agendas have begun to be outlined.

  16. Debating China's assertiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Kai; Feng, Huiyun

    2012-01-01

    Engaging the recent debate on China's assertive foreign policy, we suggest that it is normal for China – a rising power – to change its policy to a confident or even assertive direction because of its transformed national interests. We argue also that it is better to understand future US–China...... relations as a bargaining process. Whereas China negotiates for a new status in the system with redefined interests, the United States and other countries need to adjust their old political practices. China's ‘core interest’ diplomacy launched in 2009 is the first step in revealing ‘private information...

  17. Great software debates

    CERN Document Server

    Davis, A

    2004-01-01

    The industry’s most outspoken and insightful critic explains how the software industry REALLY works. In Great Software Debates, Al Davis, shares what he has learned about the difference between the theory and the realities of business and encourages you to question and think about software engineering in ways that will help you succeed where others fail. In short, provocative essays, Davis fearlessly reveals the truth about process improvement, productivity, software quality, metrics, agile development, requirements documentation, modeling, software marketing and sales, empiricism, start-up financing, software research, requirements triage, software estimation, and entrepreneurship.

  18. Framing the patent troll debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risch, Michael

    2014-02-01

    The patent troll debate has reached a fevered pitch in the USA. This editorial seeks to frame the debate by pointing out the lack of clarity in defining patent trolls and their allegedly harmful actions. It then frames the debate by asking currently unanswered questions: Where do troll patents come from? What are the effects of troll assertions? Will policy changes improve the system?

  19. Are Debates Helpful to Voters?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaffee, Steven H.

    The usefulness of presidential debates to the electorate and to the total political system is evaluated in this paper. The paper first reports the results of opinion polls concerning the value of the 1976 debates and cites studies showing the types of information that people obtained from watching the debates. It then considers whether voters'…

  20. Debate internacional sobre pobreza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neritza Alvarado Chacín

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del artículo es organizar la proliferación de ideas en torno de la pobreza, a menudo dispersas, difusas y confusas en la literatura, bosquejando sistematizadamente un marco teórico referencial útil al abordaje científico de este fenómeno, en investigaciones teóricas y aplicadas, así como en la enseñanza y discusión de tales temas en el ámbito universitario. Para ello, se compendian, organizan y clasifican diversos enfoques sobre la pobreza, según los criterios presentes en los planteamientos de autores e instituciones relevantes que han contribuido a la reflexión desde distintas lecturas, teniendo en cuenta que no existe consenso en torno a una definición. La investigación es exploratoria-documental. Se aplican las técnicas del arqueo electrónico y físico de la información, el fichaje computarizado y la reducción de la misma en tablas de contenido. Se precisa el alcance de las mismas en el tiempo, según la evolución conceptual que han experimentado en el debate internacional. Se señalan algunas ventajas y desventajas de los principales enfoques, que han sido reconocidas en el mismo debate.

  1. Feminismo y derechos de las mujeres: representaciones de género en la prensa católica de Bahía Blanca a principios del siglo XX Feminism and women rights: gender representations in the Bahia Blanca's catholic press at the beginning of the XX Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Bracamonte

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A principios del siglo XX, los cuadros católicos de Bahía Bahía se acercan a los fieles de la ciudad y del entorno regional a través de varias publicaciones, mostrando su preocupación por la "cuestión social" y emprendiendo la difusión de los postulados del catolicismo social como paliativo y como barrera ante el avance de fuerzas como el liberalismo, el socialismo, el anarquismo y el feminismo. Precisamente, la propuesta del presente artículo es identificar los contenidos atribuidos a este último, puesto que quienes escriben en los órganos de sensibilidad católica emplean el término al inmiscuirse en los debates sobre la denominada, de acuerdo con los cánones de la época, "cuestión de la mujer". Considerando que el periodismo, en su carácter de medio de comunicación masiva, asume, entre otras, la función de configuración y difusión de representaciones de género, se postula que en los impresos mencionados el empleo del término "feminismo" es polisémico, pudiéndose distinguir distintos significados según se intente definir en sentido católico o se asocie a los movimientos que cuestionan la subalternidad femenina y bregan por el reconocimiento de los derechos de las mujeres.At the beginning of the 20th Century, the catholic groups in Bahia Blanca get closer to the faithful of the city and the general regional area through many publications, showing their preoccupation for the "social question" and starting the dissemination of the social catholic principles like a palliative and to stop the advance of forces like liberalism socialism, anarchism and feminism. The proposal of this article actually consists in identifying the contents of this last one, since those that write in the catholic media use this word when they get into the debate, according to the standards of that time, about the "woman question". Considering that journalism, in its character of a mass communication media, assumes, among others, the configuration

  2. The Danish Biofuel Debate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Janus

    2014-01-01

    the molecular level and envisions positive synergies in the use of biomass. The other is a holistic bioscarcity perspective originating in life-cycle analysis and ecology. This perspective works downwards from global resource scope conditions, and envisions negative consequences from an increased reliance......What role does scientific claims-making play in the worldwide promotion of biofuels for transport, which continues despite serious concerns about its potentially adverse social and environmental effects? And how do actors with very different and conflicting viewpoints on the benefits and drawbacks...... of biofuels enrol scientific authority to support their positions? The sociological theory of functional differentiation combined with the concept of advocacy coalition can help in exploring this relationship between scientific claims-making and the policy stance of different actors in public debates about...

  3. Energies: the real debate; Energies: Le Vrai Debat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Concurrently to the National Debate on the energies, a real debate has been proposed by seven associations of the environment protection and improvement. This debate, international, proposes: a panorama of the stakes, a presentation of the nuclear as an energy source not necessary dangerous, the relation between climate and employment and the conditions of existence and development of a local energy policy. (A.L.B.)

  4. Debates feministas sobre direito, justiça e reconhecimento: uma reflexão a partir do modelo teórico de Nancy Fraser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Mariano

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O feminismo pós-estruturalista é a escolha teórica que, em grande parte, orienta aqui nossa perspectiva. Os debates em torno das noções de “direito”, “justiça” e “reconhecimento” ilustram essa discussão. Propomo-nos a fazer uma reflexão sociológica conceitual, de orientação feminista, de forma a constituir um suporte teórico para análises sobre políticas sociais, com o objetivo de investigar as condições de cidadania das mulheres pobres e apreender os determinantes de gênero presentes nos programas estatais. Ao tratar das categorias apontadas, adotamos o modelo proposto por Nancy Fraser, a qual combina a luta pela justiça redistributiva com a luta por justiça de reconhecimento.

  5. Debatiendo sobre el feminismo en México Discussing feminism in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Olivares

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Debate feminista ha publicado más de 7,000 páginas de textos escritos por mujeres o sobre mujeres en sus trece años de vida. Los objetivos de la revista ser un puente entre el trabajo académico y el político y establecer un diálogo con el movimiento feminista. Se hace un recuento de los temas tratados por la revista, a partir de los números más solicitados. A partir de una pequeña encuesta con académicas y activistas se concluye que la revista se lee por su utilidad práctica y los artículos de mayor interés son los teóricos. Se agrega al final una breve historia de la revista Fem.Debate feminist has published more than 7,000 pages of texts written by women or about them, during its thirteen years of life. The aims of the journal are to be a bridge between scholarly and political work and to establish a dialogue with the feminist movement. An account of the topics addressed by the journal is presented, by making an account of the journal's best-selling numbers. Based on a small survey with academics and activists, the article concludes with the assertion that the readers value debate feminista for its practical usefulness and for its theoretical articles. To conclude there is a brief history of Fem. magazine.

  6. FSM: espacio para la construcción de feminismos WSF: space for the construction of feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena León T.

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available El FSM pone el acento en la crítica al modelo neoliberal y en la construcción de alternativas. Desde ambas proposiciones, es un espacio con el que el feminismo se identifica y al que contribuye con experiencias y pensamiento propios, al tiempo que es dinamizado por los desafíos de colocar en perspectiva global sus procesos temáticos, sectoriales, locales, y de expandir o recuperar el potencial transformador de 'género'. Son desafíos que se expresan, entre otros, en las formas de interacción en el escenario mundial y en el tratamiento de asuntos como economía y diversidades.The WSF emphasises on critic to the neoliberal model and on the construction of alternatives. From both propositions, it is a space with which feminism identifies and to which it contributes with independent experiences and thoughts. At the same time it is vitalized with the challenges to put in a global perspective its thematic,sectoral, local processes, and to expand and recuperate the transforming 'gender' potential. They are challenges that express themselves, among others, in the forms of interacting in the world scene and in the treatment of issues like the economy and diversities.

  7. Corpos, subjetivações estéticas e arte e feminismos: passagens na pesquisa em Psicologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Stubs

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Tendo em vista o ativismo dos feminismos, tanto nos movimentos sociais quanto nas artes, na promoção de novos modos de subjetivação e modos de existência múltiplos e voltados às práticas de liberdade, propomo-nos a refletir sobre os fazeres artísticos feministas em passagens políticas que se valem de uma força inventiva/afirmativa do corpo enquanto estratégia de subversão e resistência para propor outras formas de viver, inclusive, a pesquisa em Psicologia.O texto se volta às estéticas feministas, nas artes visuais, nas quais o corpo se torna um território para experimentação, discutindo ainda a tradução destas estéticas a uma prática de pesquisa em Psicologia.

  8. Islam y género en la diáspora murid: mirada poscolonial a feminismos y migraciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ester Massó Guijarro

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available La intención básica de este artículo es, a través de una pluralización de la mirada sobre “lo musulmán”, reflexionar en torno a las transformaciones contemporáneas operadas de facto en nuestras sociedades, sucedidas especialmente por la pluralización de prácticas y cosmovisiones convivientes, a menudo a raíz de situaciones migratorias. Se pluralizará la mirada sobre el islam a través de dos vías fundamentales: el abordaje del llamado “islam negro”, especialmente el practicado por las cofradías sufíes (la senegalesa Muridiyya, en concreto como ejemplo paradigmático, y una mirada desde el feminismo con sensibilidad poscolonial sobre aspectos cruciales de género presentes en tales cofradías. Estos itinerarios heurísticos para desarrollar el objetivo principal poseen a la base una buena parte de metodología etnográfica como referencia empírica. Las conclusiones más relevantes apuntan a la riqueza y la variabilidad del islam negro, autóctono y en la diáspora migratoria, en su praxis y su epistemología, que contribuirá a pluralizar y matizar las discusiones contemporáneas sobre migración y ciudadanía.

  9. A semiótica de um enterro prematuro: o feminismo em uma era pós-feminista The semiotics of pemature burial: feminism in a postfeminist age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Hawkesworth

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, exploro as representações da morte do feminismo para compreender os significados maiores que cercam as declarações do fim simbólico do feminismo. Começarei investigando dois mecanismos pelos quais a morte do feminismo é produzida para expor os valores implícitos dos tanatófilos do feminismo. Depois considerarei versões rivais dos "signos da morte", de forma a explorar como as suposições peculiares sobre a ontologia do feminismo estão presas a formas específicas de morte metafórica. Dado o tipo particular de distorção implicada no enterro prematuro de um feminismo global florescente, a seção final do artigo situa o contemporâneo dobrar dos sinos pela morte do feminismo no contexto de uma história gendrada de práticas de enterro em vida. Através da escavação e da interpretação de tais práticas arcaicas, relacionarei o enterro retórico do feminismo contemporâneo a um esforço contínuo para minar as lutas feministas por justiça social.In this article, I will explore how the death of feminism is represented in order to plumb the larger meanings embedded in proclamations of feminism's symbolic death. I will begin by investigating two mechanisms by which feminism's death has been produced to unearth the tacit values of feminism's morticians. I will then consider competing accounts of the "signs of death" in order to explore how particular assumptions about the ontology of feminism are tied to specific forms of metaphorical death. Given the particular kind of distortion involved in the premature burial of a thriving global feminism, the final section of the article situates contemporary feminism's death knell in the context of a gendered history of live burial practices. By excavating and interpreting such archaic practices, I will link the rhetorical burial of contemporary feminism to an ongoing effort to undermine feminist struggles for social justice.

  10. The euthanasia debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, N M

    2001-10-01

    Debates about the moral dilemmas of euthanasia date back to ancient times. Many of the historical arguments used for and against the practice remain valid today. Indeed, any form of discussion on the subject often provokes emotive responses, both from members of the medical profession and the general public. For this reason alone, the issue will continue to be debated at all levels of society. There are, however, other factors that ensure euthanasia will remain a subject of major controversy within medical, legal and governmental bodies. Firstly, the act of euthanasia itself is illegal, yet in its passive form occurs on a daily basis in many of our hospitals (1). Secondly, medical advances have made it possible to artificially prolong the life of an increasing number of patients far beyond what was possible only a few years ago. Furthermore, we must all contend with the reality that financial constraints are an important consideration in modern health care provision. Finally, there is an ethical difficulty in interpreting the concept of a patient's right, or autonomy, versus the rights and duty of a doctor. Before attempting to answer the questions posed by these issues, it is important to have some accurate definitions of both euthanasia and of the concept of morality. According to the House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics, the precise definition of euthanasia is "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering" (2). The term can be further divided into voluntary and involuntary euthanasia. The former is said to occur if a competent patient makes an informed request for a life terminating event and the latter can be used if a patient does not give informed and specific consent for such treatment. It is the occurrence of involuntary euthanasia which forms one of the main arguments against legalisation. This is discussed in greater detail below. Euthanasia is frequently separated into

  11. De la guerra a sus memorias: Surgimiento de una profesión militante y recomposición de los revolucionarios (Nicaragua-El Salvador, 1992-2009)1

    OpenAIRE

    Moallic, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    ¿Cómo analizar la multiplicación de museos, de lugares de memoria, de testimonios y conmemoraciones de las experiencias revolucionarias en América Central? Resultado de oportunidades nuevas, ese trabajo de memoria ha sido vinculado al principio con las estrategias de reconversión de los actores político-militares. Profesionalizándose poco a poco, ese trabajo de memoria llevó a la constitución de un personal político nuevo. Con el regreso de los antiguos revolucionarios al poder desde el 2006,...

  12. De los Clubes Patrioticos 26 de Julio al Consejo Revolucionario Cubano. Diseños, comportamientos y transformaciones de la emigración cubana radicada en los Estados Unidos, 1955-1961.

    OpenAIRE

    López Rivero, Sergio

    2015-01-01

    Resumen de tesis de Doctorado. Título: De los Clubes Patrióticos 26 de Julio al Consejo Revolucionario Cubano. Diseño, comportamientos y transformaciones de la emigración cubana radicada en los Estados Unidos, 1955-1961. Autor: Sergio López Rivero. Tutor: Dr. Joan del Alcazar. La tesis estudia los aspectos políticos y culturales que marcaron el quehacer de la emigración cubana en los Estados Unidos, en una etapa sensible de la historia contemporánea de Cuba: desde la fundación de...

  13. Moving beyond the GM debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leyser, Ottoline

    2014-06-01

    Once again, there are calls to reopen the debate on genetically modified (GM) crops. I find these calls frustrating and unnecessarily decisive. In my opinion the GM debate, on both sides, continues to hamper the urgent need to address the diverse and pressing challenges of global food security and environmental sustainability. The destructive power of the debate comes from its conflation of unrelated issues, coupled with deeply rooted misconceptions of the nature of agriculture.

  14. Reflections on the debriefing debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Robyn

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the debate on debriefing that has persisted for two decades and remains largely unresolved to this day. A brief history of Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) and Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) is given, these being the subject of the debate, followed by a summary of the development and current status of the debate. Discussion follows on why the opposing positions appear to be at a stalemate.

  15. Moving beyond the GM debate.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottoline Leyser

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Once again, there are calls to reopen the debate on genetically modified (GM crops. I find these calls frustrating and unnecessarily decisive. In my opinion the GM debate, on both sides, continues to hamper the urgent need to address the diverse and pressing challenges of global food security and environmental sustainability. The destructive power of the debate comes from its conflation of unrelated issues, coupled with deeply rooted misconceptions of the nature of agriculture.

  16. Rosa, el nuevo color del feminismo: un análisis del transporte exclusivo para mujeres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy DUNCKEL-GRAGLIA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo explora la relación entre la movilidad urbana de las mujeres y la violencia en su contra en el transporte público. En particular, explora los temas de género que influyen en el abuso sexual en tal transporte, con atención tanto en los roles tradicionales de la mujer como ama de casa y no como una figura pública, así como en el debate innato o adquirido en la explicación del comportamiento del hombre. Dado que los servicios de transporte exclusivo para mujeres fueron implementados para resolver problemas entre la mujer y el hombre, sirven como un punto de referencia para discutir estos temas de género. Este estudio examina, analiza y evalúa el transporte sólo para mujeres y los efectos que el mismo tiene sobre la movilidad de ellas en relación con estos debates de género. Concluye que el “transporte rosa” ayuda a las mujeres a romper la trampa entre lo público y lo privado en la que están atrapadas al llevar el tema de la discriminación de género a la atención del público.

  17. Debates feministas sobre pornografia heteronormativa: estéticas e ideologias da sexualização Feminist debates on heteronormative pornography: aesthetics and ideologies of sexualization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Pinto

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo re-visita o debate feminista sobre pornografias heteronormativas e analisa a sua produção de discursos polarizados, em particular os que recorreram às ciências psicológicas como forma de legitimar as suas posições. Partindo da localização da indústria pornô nas mecânicas do capitalismo contemporâneo, propomos repensar os significados da pornografia para lá da psicologia social tradicional e do feminismo norte-americano mais conservador. O papel preponderante que a pornografia hoje assume nas indústrias do sexo é indissociável da proliferação tecnológica da mídia e da crescente sexualização dos seus mercados. Neste artigo - uma análise de textos e discursos - situamos a pornografia numa fenomenologia mais ampla e reflexiva, cruzando uma abordagem feminista-construcionista com a psicologia social crítica.This paper revisits the feminist debate on heteronormative pornography and analyzes its production of polarized discourses, particularly those that have explored psychological sciences to legitimize their positions. Locating the porn industry within the mechanics of contemporary capitalism, we propose to rethink the meanings of pornography beyond the strict boundaries of the traditional social psychology and the conservative North American feminism. The paramount role played by pornography in the sex industries is nowadays inseparable from the technological proliferation of the media and the increasing sexualization of its markets. In this article - an analysis of texts and discourses - we situate pornography in a broader and more reflexive phenomenology, crossing a constructionist-feminist approach with critical social psychology.

  18. Diferença e igualdade nas relações de gênero: revisitando o debate Difference and equality in gender relations: revisiting the debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Araújo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo retoma o histórico debate sobre a diferença e a igualdade e as mudanças ocorridas nas relações de gênero sob o impacto do feminismo, da crise da masculinidade e demais transformações econômicas, sociais e culturais em curso. Toma como referência os estudos de gênero que buscam compreender os processos de produção de novas formas de subjetividade masculina e feminina, distanciadas dos tradicionais estereótipos de gênero. Conclui que tais mudanças apontam para a possibilidade concreta da construção de relações de gênero mais democráticas, ideal perseguido desde a modernidade, no casamento e na família, em que o direito à igualdade e o respeito à diferença são as pedras angulares.This paper discusses the historical debate on difference and equality and on the changes undergone by gender relations under the impact of feminism, of the masculinity crisis and of the other economic, cultural and social changes currently underway. It is based on gender studies which seek to understand the processes of production of new forms of male and female subjectivities which are distant from the traditional gender stereotypes. The paper concludes that these changes point at the concrete possibility of building more democratic gender relations, an ideal which has been pursued since the beginning of the modern era for marriage and family, and whose cornerstones are the right to equality and the respect of difference.

  19. Debate in EFL Classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjana Želježič

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Relying primarily on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR and The National EFL Syllabus, this paper focuses on the highest ranking goals within formal foreign language (L2 education: the development of communicative competence (which the communicative paradigm regards as the most important goal of contemporary language teaching, and of critical thinking (CT ability, which is widely recognised as the main general education goal. It also points to some of the discrepancies generated by tensions between the fact that language is a social and cultural phenomenon that exists and evolves only through interaction with others, and individual-student-centred pedagogical practices of teaching (and assessment – which jeopardise the validity of these practices. Next, it links the official educational goals to the cultivation of oral interaction (rather than oral production in argumentative discursive practices in general and in structured debate formats in particular, which are proposed as an effective pedagogical method for developing CT skills and oral interactional competence in argumentative discursive events, especially on B2+ levels.

  20. Debates in English Teaching. The Debates in Subject Teaching Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davison, Jon, Ed.; Daly, Caroline, Ed.; Moss, John, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    "Debates in English Teaching" explores the major issues all English teachers encounter in their daily professional lives. It engages with established and contemporary debates, promotes and supports critical reflection and aims to stimulate both novice and experienced teachers to reach informed judgements and argue their point of view with deeper…

  1. Debates in English Teaching. The Debates in Subject Teaching Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davison, Jon, Ed.; Daly, Caroline, Ed.; Moss, John, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    "Debates in English Teaching" explores the major issues all English teachers encounter in their daily professional lives. It engages with established and contemporary debates, promotes and supports critical reflection and aims to stimulate both novice and experienced teachers to reach informed judgements and argue their point of view with deeper…

  2. LA UNIÓN NACIONAL DE MUJERES MEXICANAS ENTRE EL COMUNISMO Y EL FEMINISMO: UNA DIFÍCIL RELACIÓN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA LAU JAIVEN

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza a la Unión Nacional de Mujeres Mexicanas, su creación y su trayectoria a través de una entrevista con una de sus fundadoras y se revisa el único texto que hay sobre su historia. Se parte de la premisa de que su accionar ha sido problemático por su compleja relación entre la izquierda y el feminismo. La Unión es una organización activa hasta la fecha y hay muy poco escrito sobre ella, por lo tanto apenas se le conoce.

  3. Feminismo, religión y democracia en el proceso de legalización del aborto en la ciudad de México

    OpenAIRE

    RUIBAL, Alba

    2012-01-01

    First published online in 2012 La posición conservadora sobre el abor to ha impuesto un dogma religioso a la comunidad política en los países latinoamericanos, a través del cual se ha bloqueado la discusión pública y se han establecido prohibiciones para todos los ciudadanos. Este trabajo sostiene que esto es incompatible con la democracia, y muestra cómo el feminismo en México ha desarrollado una estrategia exitosa para enfrentar ese argumento en la esfera pública. The conservative pos...

  4. Feminismo frente a fundamentalismos religiosos: mobilização e contramobilização em torno dos direitos reprodutivos na América Latina

    OpenAIRE

    Alba M. Ruibal

    2014-01-01

    Este trabalho analisa estratégias e marcos discursivos desenvolvidos recentemente pelo feminismo na América Latina para enfrentar a ação desenrolada pelo fundamentalismo religioso no campo dos direitos reprodutivos na América Latina, e em particular em torno da controvérsia sobre o aborto. A partir dos casos de México, Colômbia e Brasil, se apontam características e estratégias da mobilização conservadora na região e se analisam as respostas dadas pelo movimento feminista em cada país para di...

  5. Gabriela Mistral: feminismo y educación en la Revolución Mexicana y sus alcances en la actualidad

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Farías Rojas

    2016-01-01

    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo educar sobre una faceta poco popular en la biografía de Gabriela Mistral. Esta faceta tiene que ver con su actitud revolucionaria frente a la educación debido a que su práctica educativa estaba pletórica de feminismo y cambios radicales en el camino que la educación latinoamericana debía tomar. De esta forma, se analizará el contexto histórico-filosófico de la Revolución Mexicana, instancia en la cual Mistral pudo colaborar incorporando su visión de la...

  6. El poder de los géneros y los géneros de poder. Relatos de un feminismo encarnado en tres generaciones

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo intenta dar cuenta de la asimetría de poder entre los géneros masculino y femenino. Mientras se puede hablar de poder masculino – patriarcal-, cuando se trata del poder femenino hay que hacerlo en términos de contrapoder –feminista-. La riqueza y polisemia lingüística permite además utilizar el concepto de género con el significando de tipos. Con «los géneros de poder» intentamos marcar que hay muchas formas de hacer política y mostrar cómo el feminismo ha desarrollado nuevas, c...

  7. Feminismo frente a fundamentalismos religiosos: mobilização e contramobilização em torno dos direitos reprodutivos na América Latina

    OpenAIRE

    Ruibal, Alba María

    2014-01-01

    Este trabalho analisa estratégias e marcos discursivos desenvolvidos recentemente pelo feminismo na América Latina para enfrentar a ação desenrolada pelo fundamentalismo religioso no campo dos direitos reprodutivos na América Latina, e em particular em torno da controvérsia sobre o aborto. A partir dos casos de México, Colômbia e Brasil, se apontam características e estratégias da mobilização conservadora na região e se analisam as respostas dadas pelo movimento feminista em cada país para di...

  8. Bartra, Eli y Huacuz Elías, María Guadalupe (Coords. (2015: Mujeres, Feminismo y Arte popular. Ciudad de México: Obra Abierta Ediciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Méndez Tapia

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Esta obra colectiva viene a enfatizar la necesaria mirada de género y la inclusión del feminismo en los espacios creativos-artísticos del denominado arte popular. Este libro es un mosaico etnográfico que compone realidades sociales. Tales como la invisibilidad y lo innombrable de la mujer en estos procesos de creación, distribución y venta que, en algunas de las comunidades citadas en los capítulos, son esenciales para la subsistencia y empoderamiento las mujeres. 

  9. Gabriela Mistral: feminismo y educación en la Revolución Mexicana y sus alcances en la actualidad

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Farías Rojas

    2016-01-01

    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo educar sobre una faceta poco popular en la biografía de Gabriela Mistral. Esta faceta tiene que ver con su actitud revolucionaria frente a la educación debido a que su práctica educativa estaba pletórica de feminismo y cambios radicales en el camino que la educación latinoamericana debía tomar. De esta forma, se analizará el contexto histórico-filosófico de la Revolución Mexicana, instancia en la cual Mistral pudo colaborar incorporando su visión de la...

  10. Gênero e feminismo no Brasil: uma análise da Revista Estudos Feministas Gender and feminist studies in Brazil: an analysis of Revista Estudos Feministas

    OpenAIRE

    Debora Diniz; Paula Foltran

    2004-01-01

    A Revista Estudos Feministas (REF) é uma das mais importantes publicações sobre gênero e feminismo no Brasil. Este artigo descreve o perfil das autoras e dos temas dos artigos publicados na REF de 1992 até 2002. Foram analisados os títulos, os resumos e as palavras-chaves dos artigos avulsos e os temas dos dossiês, em um total de 20 editoriais, 105 artigos avulsos e 20 dossiês. A classificação e indexação temática do material seguiram o vocabulário controlado do “Tesauro para E...

  11. Por el amor de Dios. Religión e imaginación erótica en el feminismo de Mary Wollstonecraft

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    RESUMEN: El feminismo de Mary Wollstonecraft está forjado sobre una profunda fe religiosa. De acuerdo con A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), la igualdad social y política de las mujeres es un derecho secular pero, lo que es más importante, es un requisito esencial para la redención espiritual femenina. La visión que inspiró este compromiso, como señala William Godwin en su Memoir sobre Wollstonecraft, es altamente idiosincrática, y combina la religión natural, el panteísmo y el roma...

  12. Intercollegiate Debate: An Intrapersonal View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walwik, Theodore; Mehrley, R. Samuel

    1971-01-01

    The Thesis of the paper is that there is need to distinguish between debating as a means of training for public policy decision making and debatingas a means of training students in the cognitive processes necessary for effective decision making. The author views debating as fundamental training in interpersonal communication. (Author/MS)

  13. Las rutas de las ideas: «cuestión social», feminismos y trabajo femenino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lobato, Mirta Zaida

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article I analyze the voices that enable us to unravel the setup of a series of political and social concerns whose nucleus consists in what women who work do or don’t do, and in how the ideas on feminisms and related social issues took shape & form. Specifically, I focus on the personalities of Ernesto Quesada, an intellectual from the generation of 90’s, Elvira López, author of the first thesis on the feminist movement written in 1901 at the Faculty of Philosophy & Arts of the University of Buenos Aires, and Carolina Muzilli, a socialist militant. This allows me to think about heterogeneous spheres of action and means of intervention as well as using and circulating written words associated with the ideas about social problems.En este artículo analizo las voces que permiten desentrañar la configuración de un conjunto de preocupaciones políticas y sociales cuyo núcleo está constituido por lo que hacen o dejan de hacer las mujeres que trabajan, y sobre los modos en que se conformaron las rutas de las ideas sobre feminismos y cuestión social. Me concentro en particular en las figuras de Ernesto Quesada, un intelectual de la generación del 90, en Elvira López, autora de la primera tesis sobre el movimiento feminista realizada en 1901 en la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la Universidad de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, y en Carolina Muzilli militante socialista. Esto me permite pensar ámbitos de actuación y modos de intervención heterogéneos así como el uso y difusión de la palabra escrita alrededor de las ideas sobre problemas sociales.

  14. La cooptación del feminismo islámico en el euro-islam y la pérdida de la liberación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arzu Merali

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo sostiene que ha habido un cambio definitivo y negativo en la trayectoria del llamado feminismo islámico. Este cambio se ha efectuado en gran parte en escenarios occidentalizados, en particular como parte del creciente discurso del euro-islam, el islam europeo, la indigenización del islam, etc., que es un discurso que viene no solamente de los gobiernos (aunque es replicado, aplaudido y recompensado por los gobiernos de la región, sino de la sociedad civil, los activistas y los intelectuales musulmanes mismos. Este artículo propone parámetros para el uso del término «feminismo islámico» sin dejar de reconocer lo problemático del mismo. El artículo concluye con una revaluación del proyecto feminista islámico en ciertas formas como un proyecto que ha sido secuestrado y usado para subvertir la meta de la liberación femenina en sí y de las mujeres musulmanas en particular negando a las musulmanas —y en consecuencia a todas las mujeres de color o a quienes se expresen en oposición política a las normas y políticas nacionales o internacionales de Occidente— el derecho a definir sus propios términos de liberación.

  15. Ao Brasil dos meus sonhos: feminismo e modernismo na utopia de Adalzira Bittencourt To Brazil of my dreams: feminism and modernism in the utopia of Adalzira Bittencourt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIA BERNARDETE RAMOS

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto associa o feminismo de Adalzira Bittencourt ao movimento modernista, tecendo relações entre sua utopia-- não só de uma sociedade sob o poder das mulheres, mas também sua utopia de modernidade-- e o sonho nacional que projetou a nação na década de 1920. Tece também relações entre o feminismo de Adalzira, na linha do Partido Republicano Feminino dos anos 1920 e 1930, e o discurso hegemônico que enfatizou a maternidade como missão da mulher no projeto de regeneração nacional, ou do cultivo da raça, sob as leis da eugenia ou da higiene que se espalharam pelo mundo ocidental.This essay articulates Brazilian writer Adalzira Bittencourt's feminism to the modernist movement in Brazil, drawing relationships between her modernist utopia -- which cannot be restricted to concerns about women's power -- and the national dream that projected the nation in the 1920s. It also articulates Bittencourt's brand of feminism -- in line with the Feminine Republican Party's ideology (in the 1920s and 1930s and under the influence of eugenic laws or hygienic practices -- with the hegemonic discourses emphasizing maternity as women's mission in improving both the race and the nation,.

  16. Cloning: revisiting an old debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhey, Allen D

    1994-09-01

    The debate about cloning that took place 25 years ago, although directed toward a different sort of cloning, elucidates fundamental issues currently at stake in reproductive technologies and research. Paul Ramsey and Joseph Fletcher were participants in this early debate. The differences between Ramsey and Fletcher about the meaning and sufficiency of freedom, the understanding and weighing of good and evil, the connection between embodiment and personhood, the relationship of humans with nature, and the meaning of parenthood suggest both a broader agenda for the debate about cloning and a cautious move forward in the development of embryo-splitting.

  17. EDUCACIÓN SEXUAL Y PERSPECTIVA DE GÉNERO. UN ANÁLISIS DE LOS DEBATES SOBRE LA LEY DE EDUCACIÓN SEXUAL INTEGRAL EN LA ARGENTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Facundo Gustavo Boccardi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos años, los principales periódicos de la prensa argentina han sido escenario de un debate sobre la sanción de la actual ley de Educación Sexual Integral que tuvo como enunciadores protagónicos a dos instituciones: la Iglesia y el Estado. El presente trabajo indaga en los pliegues de los discursos que configuran este debate, poniendo el foco en aquellas operaciones discursivas tendientes a establecer, delimitar y estabilizar el sentido de “la perspectiva de género”. Con este objetivo, la perspectiva teórico-metodológica de esta investigación considera los aportes de aquello que se ha denominado como feminismo postestructuralista y se inscribe, puntualmente, en el campo de la teoría de la discursividad social. Así, se entiende que los discursos sociales conforman un conjunto heterogéneo que se encuentra sobredeterminado por una hegemonía discursiva que opera a través de mecanismos de regulación y homogeneización que consisten en imponer grados y formas de aceptabilidad, legibilidad y legitimidad.Desde este enfoque, pretendemos visibilizar las operaciones de la hegemonía discursiva en los argumentos de diferentes enunciadores del debate que se pronuncian acerca de “la perspectiva de género”, conceptualizando desde los aportes del feminismo postestrucutalista las relaciones que estos discursos establecen con sus condiciones de producción.

  18. Feminismo(s e psicologia em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azambuja, Mariana Porto Ruwer de

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Apesar da longa história em comum entre Brasil e Portugal, também existem muitas diferenças e, principalmente, muito desconhecimento. A proposta deste artigo é apresentar uma contextualização do modo como as questões de gênero têm sido tartadas Portugal e, a partir disto, estimular maiores laços de cooperação entre os dois países. Iniciamos com uma retomada da história do país e das reformas instauradas após o fim do regime fascista (1974, especialmente o surgimento da psicologia como campo científico e profissional marcado pelo paradigma positivista e, por muito tempo, alheio às transformações e questionamentos presentes em outros contextos. Da mesma forma, o percurso do movimento feminista e sua inserção no contexto acadêmico da psicologia foi marcado por avanços e entraves, os quais apresentamos a seguir. Por fim, tratamos das políticas públicas para a igualdade de oportunidades para as mulheres em Portugal

  19. Exploring the compassion deficit debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenhouse, Rosie; Ion, Robin; Roxburgh, Michelle; Devitt, Patric Ffrench; Smith, Stephen D M

    2016-04-01

    Several recent high profile failures in the UK health care system have promoted strong debate on compassion and care in nursing. A number of papers articulating a range of positions within this debate have been published in this journal over the past two and a half years. These articulate a diverse range of theoretical perspectives and have been drawn together here in an attempt to bring some coherence to the debate and provide an overview of the key arguments and positions taken by those involved. In doing this we invite the reader to consider their own position in relation to the issues raised and to consider the impact of this for their own practice. Finally the paper offers some sense of how individual practitioners might use their understanding of the debates to ensure delivery of good nursing care.

  20. O debate francês acerca da instrução pública e seus desdobramentos no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROGÉRIO GUIMARÃES MALHEIROS

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar los aspectos históricos de las cuestiones políticas, ideológicas y conceptuales que se encontraban presentes en las discusiones relativas a la educación nacional de Francia a finales del siglo XVIII. Destacamos las propuestas de Condorcet en su Rapport (1792, como la base de este tipo de debate durante el proceso revolucionario en dicho país. Analicemos los privilegios discursivas de dicha propuesta y el evento levantado de ella, como resultado incluso en las nuevas propuestas, incluidas las de Romme, Robespierre, Lepelletier y Lakanal. Este es un enfoque que nos proporciona un punto de vista de base moderna con relación al debate sobre la educación pública que se configuró en el siglo XIX. Dicho intercambio de ideas entre los franceses se considera el gran legado teórico de los sistemas educativos modernos, como el brasileño. Concluimos, también, que la educación que se defendió en Francia fue permeada por los ideales de la razón, la moral y el cientificismo.

  1. Gramsci y los consejos de fábrica: Discusiones sobre el potencial revolucionario del sindicalismo Gramsci and worker´s councils: Discussions about Revolutionary Potential of Unionism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Haidar

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available En la interacción entre sindicatos y sociedad capitalista existe una relación dialéctica (Hyman, 1978 que ha abierto dentro del campo de la teoría y la práctica socialistas un conjunto de interrogantes sobre el potencial revolucionario del sindicalismo, el desarrollo de la conciencia obrera, el alcance del espontaneísmo, la relación entre sindicato y partido revolucionario, entre otros temas. En este trabajo nos interesa explorar cuál ha sido la posición de Antonio Gramsci con respecto a estos tópicos en general, y en relación al potencial revolucionario del sindicalismo y de los consejos obreros bajo la formación social capitalista en particular. Para ello vamos a repasar -a partir del trabajo de Hyman- las visiones de Marx y Engels, Lenin, Michels, Trotsky sobre los sindicatos en el capitalismo, para luego contrastarlas con la posición que sostuvo Gramsci sobre este tema bajo la experiencia de los consejos de fábrica en Turín (1919-1920 primero, y tras la derrota de los mismos después.In the interaction between unions and capitalist society there is a dialectic relationship (Hyman, 1978 that has opened a group of questions in the area of theory and socialist practises. Those questions are about revolutionary potential in unions, development of worker´s conscience, reach of "revolutionary spontaneity" (espontaneísmo, relationship between union and revolutionary party, among others. On this work we try to explore the position taken by Antonio Gramsci about these topics in general and revolutionary potential in unions and workers councils under capitalist social-formation in particular. We will revise (from Hyman´s work the visions of Marx and Engels, Lenin, Michels, Trotsky about unions in capitalism. We will contrast then with the position supported by Gramsci about this topic: The experience of Turin factory councils (1919-1920 first, and the time after their defeat then.

  2. Teaching Speaking Through Debate Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . Suranto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : Teaching Speaking Through Debate Technique. Speaking is one of the basic competence from the other fourth basic competence (listening, speaking, reading and writing. Speaking ability should be mastered by every students, in order to achieve that competence students should be given the right technique to study sepaking. The successfull of the students speaking can be seen from their ability to express idea, thought and feeling through speaking. The objective of this Action Research is to improve students’s oral communication skill through the debate technique. This study was conducted at MA Ma’arif Nu 5 Sekampung Lampung Timur from March to April 2014. The research data were taken from students in the eleventh class, with 28 students and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The research findings indicate that there are improvements in students’ english speaking skill through the debate technique. By analyzing data qualitatively and quantitatively from the end of the first cycle to the second cycle and it was found that the students’ English speaking skill increased 20,9% over the standard that has been determined by the researcher that is 65%. The researcher concludes that the students’ english speaking skill can be improve through the debate technique in learning process.   Key words : action research, debate technique, english speaking skill

  3. ¿De qué se ríe el pueblo? La crisis del régimen stronista en las caricaturas del semanario del partido revolucionario febrerista en Paraguay (1984-1987

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Marina Soler

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza el humor gráfico del semanario El Pueblo del Partido Revolucio-nario Febrerista en Paraguay en los tramos fina-les del régimen stronista (1984-1987 y, especí-ficamente, el papel que jugaron las ilustraciones y caricaturas como espacio de subversión al orden político. Propone como hipótesis que el fenómeno editorial del semanario se debió al encuentro de una mirada renovadora de un dibujante extranjero que en un horizonte de apertura democrática hizo que los nuevos sec-tores medios y urbanos de Asunción encontra-ran en el humor y la risa la manera de escapar de la opacidad conservadora impuesta por el stronismo.Palabras clave: Paraguay, dictadura, Stroessner, resistencia, humor gráfico.___________________Abstract: The articule analyces the graphic hu-mor of El Pueblo weekly written by “Partido Revolucionario Febrerista” in Paraguay towards the end of the Stroessner regime (1984/1987 and, specifically, the role played by the art-works and cartoons as a place for political sub-version. It also proposes as hypotheses that the publishing phenomenon of the weekly was due to the meeting of a renewed look of a foreign artist in a horizon of democratic opening that made Asunción´s new urban-middle class found humor andlaugh as a way to escape from the conservative opacity imposed by the stronismo.Keywords: Paraguay, dictartorship, Stroessner, resistance, graphic humor.

  4. Consciousness operationalized, a debate realigned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carruthers, Peter; Veillet, Bénédicte

    2017-08-10

    This paper revisits the debate about cognitive phenomenology. It elaborates, defends, and improves on our earlier proposal for resolving that debate, according to which the test for irreducible phenomenology is the presence of explanatory gaps. After showing how proposals like ours have been misunderstood or misused by others, we deploy our operationalization to argue that the correct way to align the debate over cognitive phenomenology is not between sensory and (alleged) cognitive phenomenology, but rather between non-conceptual and (alleged) conceptual or propositional phenomenology. In doing so we defend three varieties of non-sensory (amodal)(1) non-conceptual phenomenology: valence, a sense of approximate number, and a sense of elapsed time. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Transversal Lines of the Debates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Onghena

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available The Transversal Lines of the Debates gathers for publication the presentations of the scholars invited to the seminar. In the papers, Yolanda Onghena observes that the evolution from the cultural to the inter-cultural travels along four axes: the relations between cultureand society; the processes of change within identity-based dynamics; the representations of the Other; and, interculturality. Throughout the presentations and subsequent debates, whenever the different participants referred to aspects of the cultural identity problematic--”angst”, “obsession”, “deficit”, manipulation”, and others, these same participants in the Transversal Lines of the Debates also showed that, in certain areas, an optimistic viewpoint is not out of the question.

  6. Debates in Music Teaching. The Debates in Subject Teaching Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philpott, Chris, Ed.; Spruce, Gary, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    "Debates in Music Teaching" encourages student and practising teachers to engage with contemporary issues and developments in music education. It aims to introduce a critical approach to the central concepts and practices that have influenced major interventions and initiatives in music teaching, and supports the development of new ways of looking…

  7. El poder de los géneros y los géneros de poder. Relatos de un feminismo encarnado en tres generaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña Marugán

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo intenta dar cuenta de la asimetría de poder entre los géneros masculino y femenino. Mientras se puede hablar de poder masculino – patriarcal-, cuando se trata del poder femenino hay que hacerlo en términos de contrapoder –feminista-. La riqueza y polisemia lingüística permite además utilizar el concepto de género con el significando de tipos. Con «los géneros de poder» intentamos marcar que hay muchas formas de hacer política y mostrar cómo el feminismo ha desarrollado nuevas, creativas y alternativas formas y estilos de hacer política que poco a poco van impregnando a otros movimientos y redes sociales.

  8. DEBATES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tionally ostracised minority regimes to sovereign state structures legitimised ..... a chapter entitled 'The Pitfalls of National Consciousness ' he predicted that .... ous other contributions (see Melber 2000,2001a, 2001b and 2002) in a modified.

  9. Debat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca

    2005-01-01

    At Norge og Island klarer sig godt pga. fraværet af et EU-medlemskab, er en sandhed med modifikationer. De to lande er tværtimod meget afhængige af EU, og at de skulle nyde godt af en udbredt selvstændighed, er en illusion. Norge og Island forpligtes med EØS-aftalen til at gennemføre EU's lovgivn...

  10. [Debat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Myong, Lene; Müller, Anders Riel

    2015-01-01

    Kritik af racisme bliver systematisk afvist som enten abstrakt intellektuelt spind eller individuelle følelsesudbrud. Senest i teksten 'Tanker om en hottentot-karussel', hvor racialiserede minoriteter bliver bedt om at skrue ned for kritikken og i stedet appellere til det hvide hjerte...

  11. Debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmita Naik

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available FMR 15 included two articles on the need to protect children from sexual exploitation and abuse in humanitarian crises. Since then, the UN has carried out its own investigation into the matter. Asmita Naik – author of one of the articles in FMR 15 – responds here to the UN’s report.

  12. A debate on open inflation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawking, S. W.

    1999-07-01

    This is a reproduction of Professor Stephen Hawking's part in a debate, which took place at the COSMO 98 Coference, in Monterey, California. Two other physicists, Andrei Linde and Alexander Villenkin, also took part. Professor Hawking is the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, in England.

  13. Cooling Signs in Wake Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2011-01-01

    More than a year after dismantling a student-assignment policy based on socioeconomic diversity and setting off a wave of reaction that drew national attention, the Wake County, North Carolina, school board took a step that may turn down the temperature of the intense debate. The board, which has been deeply split on an assignment plan for the…

  14. Intimate Debate Technique: Medicinal Use of Marijuana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herreid, Clyde Freeman; DeRei, Kristie

    2007-01-01

    Classroom debates used to be familiar exercises to students schooled in past generations. In this article, the authors describe the technique called "intimate debate". To cooperative learning specialists, the technique is known as "structured debate" or "constructive debate". It is a powerful method for dealing with case topics that involve…

  15. Students in Action: Debating the "Mighty Opposites."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Insights on Law & Society, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the hate speech, gun, and privacy debates that today's youth will have to address in their future. Includes articles addressing the arguments in each issue: (1) "Debating Hate Speech" (Frank Kopecky); (2) "Debating the Gun Issue" (Denise Barr); and (3) "Debating the Right to Privacy" (Pinky Wassenberg.)…

  16. Propuesta de un Centro de Archivo del Feminismo tras el análisis de los fondos documentales del Movimiento Feminista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Codina-Canet, María Adelina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Primary sources are essential for scientific research. This study reviews the documentary sources and analyses the state of the flow of documents generated from the struggle of the women's movement since the Spanish Democratic Transition. It reveals the vulnerability and the lack of archives on feminism and women, as they are outside the scope of protection afforded by archival systems. There is a risk that many of these papers could disappear because of the ephemeral nature of the groups studied. The analysis leads to a proposal for the establishment of a Feminism Archive Centre, to safeguard and protect documents that represent bibliographic heritage as well as the memory of the feminist movement and women's history.Las fuentes documentales primarias son esenciales para la investigación. El presente estudio realiza una revisión de las fuentes documentales de archivo y estudia la situación del caudal documental generado a partir de la lucha del movimiento de mujeres desde la Transición democrática española. Revelada la vulnerabilidad y desprotección de los archivos del feminismo y de mujeres, analizando las causas. Existe riesgo de desaparición de muchos de estos fondos como consecuencia de la naturaleza efímera tanto de los documentos como de los colectivos estudiados. Se fundamenta la propuesta de creación de un Centro de Archivo del Feminismo para salvaguardar y proteger los documentos que son patrimonio documental y parte de la memoria feminista y de la historia de las mujeres.

  17. Green grabbing debate and Madagascar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Casse, Thorkil; Razafy, Fara Lala; Wurtzebach, Zachary

    2017-01-01

    Green grabbing is a scholarly critique of conservation efforts. Scholars of green grabbing argue that many conservation strategies - such as the designation of protected areas and the creation of market-based conservation mechanisms - are designed with the intent to dispossess local peoples...... and capitalise natural assets. First, to provide some context on the green grabbing debate, we discuss the trade-offs between conservation and development objectives. In addition, we refer briefly to the broader land grabbing debate of which green grabbing is a sub-component. Second, we question the theoretical...... foundations of green grabbing, the concepts of primitive accumulation and commodification of nature. Third, we compare data collected by the green grabbing scholars and conservation NGOs from the very same site in Madagascar. We conclude that rigorous post-intervention stakeholder analysis, rather than pre...

  18. Vitalism and the Darwin Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, James

    2012-08-01

    There are currently both scientific and public debates surrounding Darwinism. In the scientific debate, the details of evolution are in dispute, but not the central thesis of Darwin's theory; in the public debate, Darwinism itself is questioned. I concentrate on the public debate because of its direct impact on education in the United States. Some critics of Darwin advocate the teaching of intelligent design theory along with Darwin's theory, and others seek to eliminate even the mention of evolution from science classes altogether. Many of these critics base their objections on the claim that non-living matter cannot give rise to living matter. After considering some of the various meanings assigned to `vitalism' over the years, I argue that a considerable portion of Darwin deniers support a literal version of vitalism that is not scientifically respectable. Their position seems to be that since life cannot arise naturally, Darwin's theory accomplishes nothing: If it can only account for life forms changing from one to another (even this is disputed by some) but not how life arose in the first place, what's the point? I argue that there is every reason to believe that living and non-living matter differ only in degree, not in kind, and that all conversation about Darwinism should start with the assumption that abiogenesis is possible unless or until compelling evidence of its impossibility is presented. That is, I advocate a position that the burden of proof lies with those who claim "Life only comes from life." Until that case is made, little weight should be given to their position.

  19. Debate on globalization. A comment

    OpenAIRE

    Schilirò, Daniele

    2003-01-01

    Globalization means the affirmation of a single market at the global level. More generally, the word globalization is usually used to indicate a unified world that tends to homogenize products and consumption patterns. In addition to the undoubtedly positive effects that the processes of globalization have on the overall well-being and the possibilities of consumption in all countries, a lively debate has developed among economists, but also among philosophers, sociologists and other scholars...

  20. National debate on the energies; Debat national sur les energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This document gathered the allocutions presented at the national debate on the energies of the 18 march 2003. The full text of the presentations of the Ministry of the industry N. Fontaine and the first Ministry J.P. Raffarin are provided. A synthesis of the answers to the following questions is also presented: understand the energy, the increase of the energy demand, the international consumption, the necessary changes of the consumption and production modes, the environmental impact, the resources, the decision making and the deciders. (A.L.B.)

  1. [Feminismos del siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Nash

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Mary Nash, entrevistada por Núria Benach, recorre su trayectoria de investigación desde sus inicios hasta la incorporación a sus estudios de una perspectiva multicultural y de género. Empezó a trabajar sobre la “Historia de las mujeres” en el ámbito de la Guerra Civil y la Segunda República, con el objetivo de visualizar la acción de las mujeres y reconstruir la memoria histórica olvidad. En los años 70 esta perspectiva no tenía aún un reconocimiento académico y menos aún, social. Más adelante, entre los 80 y 90, Nash empezó a trabajar sobre el impacto de los flujos migratorios en Occidente. Así, expone la necesidad de unos derechos de las mujeres dependiendo del contexto social de cada cultura, pero acepta la existencia de unos límites que no se pueden transgredir bajo ningún concepto multicultural.

  2. [Feminismos del siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Xosé Agra

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué soluciones políticas podemos encontrar para las nuevas formas de subjetividad? ¿Cómo debe la teoría feminista interpretar la voluntad de romper los límites y, al mismo tiempo, la necesidad de normalidad? Los pensadores posmodernos son escépticos respecto de las nociones tradicionales de identidad; los límites que definen al sujeto no sólo construyen sino que también excluyen. Debemos oponernos a las interpretaciones dominantes de normalidad y aceptar otras posibles alternativas a los modelos tradicionales. Necesitamos ir más allá del binario sistema sexo/género y de la orientación sexual y mantener una mentalidad abierta, persiguiendo una filosofía de la libertad.

  3. El feminismo comparativo

    OpenAIRE

    Temma Kaplan; Àngels Carabí

    2013-01-01

    En esta entrevista, Àngels Carabí y Temma Kaplan hablan de los orígenes y la evolución del movimiento feminista en los Estados Unidos, que surgió de los movimientos de los derechos civiles y que tenía un objetivo común: conseguir los derechos civiles para todas las mujeres, independientemente de la raza o la clase social a la que pertenecían. Uno e los temas principales era el derecho al control sobre su propio cuerpo, con las metas iniciales de permitir los contraconceptivos y el aborto, per...

  4. FEMINISMOS AYER Y HOY

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos, Sylvia; Pós-doutora, professora visitante da Faculdade de Estudos das Religiões da Pós-Graduação da Universidade de Claremont/California (EUA) e professora da Universidade Autônoma do México (UNAM).

    2014-01-01

    En México, el movimiento de mujeres emerge con las características sociales propias de un país producto de la invasión y dominación de las culturas indígenas por La conquista y colonización española. Es en este contexto que se inscribe la vida de las mujeres mexicanas. A lo largo de la historia, nuestro país no ha dejado de buscar la integración de estos orígenes en una nación mexicana que reconozca esta doble herencia. El movimiento de las mujeres o movimiento feminista nace y se desarrolla ...

  5. Cuidado, interseccionalidade e feminismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascale Molinier

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe uma análise retrospectiva de uma pesquisa etnográfica realizada num estabelecimento medicalizado para pessoas idosas. Trata-se de compreender quais as condições sociais e organizacionais favoráveis a uma cultura do cuidado. A pesquisa não permitiu a superação dos antagonismos em termos de raça entre a equipe de direção e de supervisão e a equipe das cuidadoras. Mas formalizou a oposição entre o "profissionalismo" concebido pela supervisão como sendo a "boa distância" e a ética do cuidado das auxiliares de enfermagem e cuidadoras expressa em termos de amor.

  6. Cuidado, interseccionalidade e feminismo

    OpenAIRE

    Pascale Molinier

    2014-01-01

    Este artigo propõe uma análise retrospectiva de uma pesquisa etnográfica realizada num estabelecimento medicalizado para pessoas idosas. Trata-se de compreender quais as condições sociais e organizacionais favoráveis a uma cultura do cuidado. A pesquisa não permitiu a superação dos antagonismos em termos de raça entre a equipe de direção e de supervisão e a equipe das cuidadoras. Mas formalizou a oposição entre o "profissionalismo" concebido pela supervisão como sendo a "boa distância" e a ét...

  7. Orden y revolución en la ley penal colombiana (1819-1837. Un debate historiográfico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Enrique Parada García

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El proceso de codificación penal en Colombia se puede entender como un ejercicio de reafirmación elitista, que se desarrolla en un marco de anarquía legal independentista. El presente artículo ofrece esta interpretación, gracias al análisis historiográfico de la legislación penal colombiana redactada a comienzos del siglo xix. En primer lugar, se cuestiona la idea —imperante en la historiografía del derecho— de que tal proceso de codificación haya sido un esfuerzo revolucionario o un simple reflejo de la ideología liberal europea. Luego de ubicar históricamente y conceptualmente el debate, el artículo presenta —desde una perspectiva historiográfica— los caracteres generales de la relación entre el derecho penal y la revolución. Posteriormente, examina los hechos problemáticos, políticos, sociales e, incluso, filosóficos que circunscriben dicha ley a un marco analítico.

  8. Debatable Premises in Telecom Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    HURWITZ, Justin; Layton, Roslyn

    2014-01-01

    Around the world, telecommunications policy is one of the most important areas of public policy. The modern economy is driven by telecom technologies, and many telecom-related firms – Google, Apple, Facebook, and myriad fixed and mobile Internet service providers – are among the largest companies...... in the world. The Internet is opening up new platforms for business, education, government, and civic engagement. It has literally been a driving force in toppling governments. Telecommunications policy is important to every government in the world, and debates over what policies should be implemented...

  9. The globalization debate: The skeptics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadić Tadija

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A devastating criticism of a "hard core" argumentation, stemming from skeptical authors, has strongly challenged an enthusiasm noticeable in most theoretical analyses of globalization, bringing to light many "darker sides" of the globalization phenomena. A detailed critical re-examination of their often unrealistic assumptions has presented a very serious challenge to globalists and has made room for the arising of the so called "great globalization debate", which has started over time to shape the mainstream of the contemporary social philosophy. In this paper we are closely looking into the way in which skeptics realize their devastating criticism of globalists' argumentation.

  10. Debating the viability of ethnicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilna Bashi

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Immigration and the Political Economy of Home: West Indian Brooklyn and American Indian Minneapolis, 1945-1992. RACHEL BUFF. Berkeley: University of Califomia Press, 2001. xv + 240 pp. (Paper US$ 18.95 Black Cuban, Black American: A Memoir. EVELIO GRILLO. Houston TX: Arte Püblico Press, 2000. xvi + 134 pp. (Paper US$ 13.95 West Indian in the West: Self Representations in an Immigrant Community. PERCY C. HINTZEN. New York: New York University Press, 2001. x + 200pp. (Paper US$ 18.50 Caribbean Families in Britain and the Transatlantic World. HARRY GOULBOURNE & MARY CHAMBERLAIN (eds.. Oxford UK: Macmillan, 2001. xvi + 270 pp. (Paper £15.50 Legacies: The Story of the Immigrant Second Generation. ALEJANDRO PORTES & RUBÉN G. RUMBAUT. Berkeley: University of Califomia Press/ New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001. xxiv + 406 pp. (Paper US$ 19.95 "Ethnicity" and its meaning, both as an identity and as a resilient cultural influence, has dominated late twentieth-century social scientific analyses of the process of immigrant incorporation. Perhaps we may mark the crowning of the term with the publication of Glazer and Moynihan's The Melting Pot, one famous tome that "explained" varying "assimilation" outcomes among the "new" (post-1965 newcomers by examining their ethnic culture for flaws or strengths that justified socioeconomic failure or success. Muddying the ensuing policy debate was the use of buzzwords, like mainstream, deviant, assimilated, minority, black matriarch, absent father, and underclass, that were themselves categorizing and hierarchical. The tautology of hierarchically labeling groups and then asking why groups with different labels have different outcomes seems to be perpetually invisible to the parties in the assimilation debate, but the debate itself rages on. Newer scholarship has added a different voice to that debate, arguing that variance in "assimilation" is instead explained by incorporation into

  11. Technological Imperatives: Using Computers in Academic Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ticku, Ravinder; Phelps, Greg

    Intended for forensic educators and debate teams, this document details how one university debate team, at the University of Iowa, makes use of computer resources on campus to facilitate storage and retrieval of information useful to debaters. The introduction notes the problem of storing and retrieving the amount of information required by debate…

  12. The Importance of High School Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooley, Diana

    2007-01-01

    One of the most important educational objectives of high school is to teach critical-thinking skills, and no class does this better than strategic debate. Professor Mike Allen, lead author in a definitive study on debate and critical thinking, lauded debate's promotion of critical-thinking skills. Additionally, researcher Joe Bellon discusses the…

  13. Speech and Debate as Civic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, J. Michael; Kurr, Jeffrey A.; Johnson, Jeremy D.; Bergmaier, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    In light of the U.S. Senate's designation of March 15, 2016 as "National Speech and Debate Education Day" (S. Res. 398, 2016), it only seems fitting that "Communication Education" devote a special section to the role of speech and debate in civic education. Speech and debate have been at the heart of the communication…

  14. Affective Learning and the Classroom Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagger, Suzy

    2013-01-01

    A commonly used teaching method to promote student engagement is the classroom debate. This study evaluates how affective characteristics, as defined in Bloom's taxonomy, were stimulated during debates that took place on a professional ethics module for first year computing undergraduates. The debates led to lively interactive group discussions…

  15. The Power of In-Class Debates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Ruth R.

    2009-01-01

    The students in three sections of a class rated their knowledge and identified their view before and after each of five in-class debates. The degree of self-reported knowledge was significantly different after four of the five debates. Between 31% and 58% of participants changed their views after participating in or observing each debate. Some…

  16. Literacy as Social Action in City Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cridland-Hughes, Susan

    2012-01-01

    This study examines critical literacy and the intersections of oral, aural, written, and performative literate practices in City Debate, an afterschool program dedicated to providing debate instruction to students in a major Southeastern city. Previous research into definitions and beliefs about literacy in an urban debate program over its twenty…

  17. Gênero e feminismo no Brasil: uma análise da Revista Estudos Feministas Gender and feminist studies in Brazil: an analysis of Revista Estudos Feministas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debora Diniz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A Revista Estudos Feministas (REF é uma das mais importantes publicações sobre gênero e feminismo no Brasil. Este artigo descreve o perfil das autoras e dos temas dos artigos publicados na REF de 1992 até 2002. Foram analisados os títulos, os resumos e as palavras-chaves dos artigos avulsos e os temas dos dossiês, em um total de 20 editoriais, 105 artigos avulsos e 20 dossiês. A classificação e indexação temática do material seguiram o vocabulário controlado do "Tesauro para Estudos de Gênero e sobre Mulheres", da Fundação Carlos Chagas. Os resultados da análise mostram que 95% das autoras são mulheres e que 54% são oriundos das Ciências Sociais. Há artigos em todas as áreas temáticas previstas no Tesauro, exceto em "Ciência e Tecnologia" e "Educação", havendo uma concentração de publicações nas áreas temáticas "Ciências Sociais e Cultura" (26%, "Linguagem, Literatura, Religião e Filosofia" (17% e "História e Mudança Social" (17%. Os assuntos mais discutidos foram nesta ordem: divisão sexual do trabalho, análise literária, reprodução e teoria feminista. A análise mostra ainda que o trabalho de pesquisa em gênero e feminismo é solitário, havendo poucos artigos em co-autoria (12% e a metodologia de pesquisa preferencial é a qualitativa, em 92%. A freqüência com que a mesma autora publica na REF é bastante baixa, havendo uma alta rotatividade de autoras.. A expectativa é que os resultados desta análise facilitem a definição de prioridades temáticas, favoreçam a criação de estratégias de pesquisa em áreas pouco exploradas, cooperando para a consolidação do trabalho educativo e político da revista, o que fortalecerá os estudos e pesquisas em gênero e feminismo no Brasil.Revista Estudos Feministas (REF is one of the most important gender and feminist journals in Brazil. This article describes the author background and the subjects of the articles published in REF from 1992 to 2002. It

  18. Soviet debate on missile defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parrott, B.

    1987-04-01

    Although the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) is meant to cope with the danger of a Soviet nuclear attack, the recent US debate over SDI has paid surprisingly little attention to Soviet views of ballistic missile defense. Despite the existence of a substantial body of pertinent scholarship, the debate has failed to take adequate account of major changes in Soviet ballistic missile defense policy since the mid-1960s. It has also neglected the links between current Soviet military policy and broader Soviet political and economic choices. The Soviets regard SDI not as a novel undertaking to reduce the risks of nuclear war but as an extension of the geopolitical competition between the superpowers. This competition has been dominated in the 1980s, in the Soviet view, by sharply increased US assertiveness and the decline of detente. Viewing SDI as a manifestation of these general trends, Soviet decision makers find the prospect of an unregulated race in ballistic missile defenses and military space technologies deeply unsettling. The deterioration of superpower relations has raised serious doubts in Moscow about the wisdom of Soviet external policy during the 1970s and has provoked sharp internal differences over policy toward the US. Already highly suspicious of the Reagan administration, the elite is united by a general conviction that SDI is an American gambit that may ultimately undercut past Soviet strategic gains and pose a grave new threat to Soviet security. 14 references.

  19. [The debate over drug legalization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babín Vich, Francisco de Asís

    2013-01-01

    The debate over drug legalization appears frequently in the media as a potential solution to issues such as drug trafficking and other problems related to drug use. In Spain, private consumption or even the production of small quantities of certain plants, whose active ingredients are considered illegal drugs, if clearly for own consumption are not practices criminalized by any law. In addition, a drug addict is considered a person who is ill. Although it has not always been like that even in the countries that have called for this debate, where at times the law prosecutes consumers. The population of our country, according to the views expressed in the opinion polls, prefer to increase preventive measures, foster the treatment freely assumed by drug addicts and make stricter the repression on drug trafficking. Therefore, when speaking of "legalization" we should be scrupulous with the semantics; legalize and decriminalize are not the same, it is not the same decriminalize consumption than decriminalize trafficking, neither is the same decriminalize private consumption than public consumption. Decriminalize private consumption is a fact in our country. Beyond this, we advocate for the strict need to analyze from a scientific perspective the hypothetical benefits that would result from drug legalization. Certainly, from the public health perspective, they are hard to find. We believe that the same logic applied to tobacco, increasing the restrictions on its use, is the path to follow with any addictive substance.

  20. Juventud rebelde, campesinado indígena y la instalación del discurso de clases en los campos de Cautín. Movimiento Campesino Revolucionario. Chile, 1967-1973

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovidio Cárcamo Hernández

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es analizar el itinerario seguido por algunos militantes del Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR, en el marco de la Reforma Agraria chilena entre 1967 y 1973, en la provincia de Cautín, en el surde Chile. Además buscamos describir el proceso de vinculación entre los militantes del MIR y el campesinado indígena, relación de la cual nació el Movimiento Campesino Revolucionario (MCR a fines de 1970, iniciándose así una importante embestida contra la gran propiedad agraria, que puso en jaque a los grupos patronales locales, por lo menos hasta el Golpe Militar de 1973. Por otra parte, hemos buscado caracterizar a aquellos jóvenes, mayoritariamente de la clase media urbana, cuya entrega permitió al MIR crear un frente de masas, poco común en la historia agraria de Chile.

  1. Conversational flow in Oxford-style debates

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Justine; Ravi, Sujith; Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil, Cristian

    2016-01-01

    Public debates are a common platform for presenting and juxtaposing diverging views on important issues. In this work we propose a methodology for tracking how ideas flow between participants throughout a debate. We use this approach in a case study of Oxford-style debates---a competitive format where the winner is determined by audience votes---and show how the outcome of a debate depends on aspects of conversational flow. In particular, we find that winners tend to make better use of a debate's interactive component than losers, by actively pursuing their opponents' points rather than promoting their own ideas over the course of the conversation.

  2. Toward a Theory of Vice Presidential Debate Purposes: An Analysis of the 1992 Vice Presidential Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlin, Diana B.; Bicak, Peter J.

    1993-01-01

    Describes why televised vice presidential debates are worthy of more sustained study. Identifies five purposes of vice presidential debates. Examines critically the 1992 vice presidential debate in light of these purposes. Considers the debate format's effects and the argument strategies of the participants. (HB)

  3. Fetal pain: an infantile debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derbyshire, S W G

    2001-02-01

    The question of whether a fetus can experience pain is an immense challenge. The issue demands consideration of the physical and psychological basis of being and the relation between the two. At the center of this debate is the question of how it is that we are conscious, a question that has inspired the writing of some of our most brilliant contemporary philosophers and scientists, with one commentary suggesting surrender. In my earlier review I attempted to draw together the various strands of thinking that had attacked the question of fetal pain and relate them back to the bigger question of consciousness. In their vituperative response, Benatar and Benatar bite off my finger before looking to where I am pointing. I will examine each of their criticisms.

  4. Debatable Premises in Telecom Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hurwitz, Justin (Gus); Layton, Roslyn

    2015-01-01

    Around the world, telecommunications policy is one of the most important areas of public policy. The modern economy is driven by telecom technologies, and many telecom-related firms – Google, Apple, Facebook, and myriad fixed and mobile Internet service providers – are among the largest companies...... in the world. The Internet is opening up new platforms for business, education, government, and civic engagement. It has literally been a driving force in toppling governments. Telecommunications policy is important to every government in the world, and debates over what policies should be implemented......‟t stand up well to critical analysis. This paper collects and responds to a number of these premises that, collectively, underlie much popular, political, and academic support for increased telecommunications regulation in the United States and Europe – as well as much of the rest of the world....

  5. Levinas and the euthanasia debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuyen, A T

    2000-01-01

    The philosophers' tendency to characterize euthanasia in terms of either the right or the responsibility to die is, in some ways, problematic. Stepping outside of the analytic framework, the author draws out the implications of the ethics of Emmanuel Levinas for the euthanasia debate, tracing the ways Levinas' position differs not only from the philosophical consensus but also from the theological one. The article shows that, according to Levinas, there is no ethical case for suicide or assisted suicide. Death cannot be assumed or chosen--not only because suicide is a logically and metaphysically contradictory concept but also because in the choice of death ethical responsibility turns into irresponsibility. However, since Levinas holds that one must be responsible to the point of expiation, he can be said to approve certain actions that may have the consequence of hastening death.

  6. [The climate debate: the facts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Broeke, Michiel R

    2009-01-01

    The first report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) appeared almost 20 years ago. Environmental contamination has a negative effect on the environment in which we live. However, the public at large is confused about the ins and outs of climate change. Managers, politicians, various kinds of advisors, scientists, so-called experts, sceptics and journalists have all taken it upon themselves to lead the debate. Whose task is it to ensure a sound discussion? Surely it is the IPCC's task. However, most politicians and many journalists, and even many scientists, do not take the trouble to read the entire IPCC report or parts of it. As a consequence, much nonsense is published and broadcast. An effective procedure to deal with the climate problem starts with a fair discussion of the scientific evidence. My advice is: just read the free IPCC report: http://www.ipcc.ch/ and click on 'WG I The Physical Science Basis'.

  7. Debatable Premises in Telecom Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hurwitz, Justin (Gus); Layton, Roslyn

    2015-01-01

    Around the world, telecommunications policy is one of the most important areas of public policy. The modern economy is driven by telecom technologies, and many telecom-related firms – Google, Apple, Facebook, and myriad fixed and mobile Internet service providers – are among the largest companies...... in the world. The Internet is opening up new platforms for business, education, government, and civic engagement. It has literally been a driving force in toppling governments. Telecommunications policy is important to every government in the world, and debates over what policies should be implemented......‟t stand up well to critical analysis. This paper collects and responds to a number of these premises that, collectively, underlie much popular, political, and academic support for increased telecommunications regulation in the United States and Europe – as well as much of the rest of the world....

  8. The ANWR debate rages on

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorenz, A.

    2001-03-26

    Americans opposed to drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) have scored a victory this week by succeeding to convince 55 members of Congress to oppose inclusion of future revenues from Arctic drilling, an item very dear to the heart of U.S. President George W. Bush. In their letter to Congressional Committee Chairman Nussle the members of Congress argued that that 'inclusion in the budget of the projected revenues would sacrifice the untrammeled and pristine nature of this existing wilderness for a limited supply of oil and an increase in federal receipts of an estimated $1.2 billion by 2004'. The offending budget item was subsequently removed from the draft budget before Congress. The debate over oil exploration in the ANWR has generated emotional volleys on both sides, exemplifying how differently political battles are fought in the United States, with powerful lobbyists with limitless funds on one side and well-organized grassroots movements mobilizing on the other. At the same time, apparently little attention is paid to the views of Alaska's native people who make up 16 per cent of the state's population. In Canada, oil and gas development in the Yukon and Northwest Territories is championed by prominent native leaders as well as by political leaders. It is also supported by Canadians at large. The official Canadian position is that ANWR should retain its protected status; the long-standing agreement that each country will consult with the other before drilling in the Arctic, should also remain in force. With both President Bush and Vice-President Cheney eager proponents of exploration in the wildlife refuge, expert opinion is that the debate over the ANWR will heat up again during the summer.

  9. A Política de Quotas em Portugal: O papel dos partidos políticos e do feminismo de Estado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Monteiro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A designada Lei da Paridade representa um marco importantíssimo na promoção da igualdade de mulheres e homens em Portugal. A sua relevância advém de vários factores, dentre os quais se destaca o seu impacto num sistema eleitoral que a inércia do sistema político-partidário tem sido incapaz de alterar. Na análise do surgimento das políticas de quotas em Portugal, o papel do principal mecanismo oficial para a igualdade, ou seja, da Comissão para a Cidadania e a Igualdade de Género, e das suas redes não tem sido estudado. Ora, como refere Mona Lena Krook, esforços para aumentar o número de mulheres em cargos políticos raramente acontecem na ausência de mobilização de mulheres. Adoptando a abordagem do feminismo de Estado, exploro aqui o papel da Comissão como uma entidade decisiva na apresentação das reivindicações feministas perante o Estado, um papel que tem sido sistematicamente ignorado, e explicito a forma como este mecanismo e as associações de mulheres em seu torno contribuíram para a promoção da agenda da participação das mulheres na política em Portugal.

  10. Feminismo e terapia: a terapia feminista da família - por uma psicologia comprometida Feminism and therapy: feminist family therapy - for an engaged psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Giudice Narvaz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é destacar a terapia feminista da família enquanto abordagem crítica no campo das psicoterapias e das terapias familiares. Inicialmente, descrevemos o feminismo enquanto campo político, teórico e epistemológico, bem como a incorporação do paradigma feminista ao campo das psicoterapias. Descrevemos também o surgimento da vertente feminista da terapia familiar e as principais críticas feministas às terapias familiares sistêmicas tradicionais. Ao final, destacamos a terapia feminista da família como uma prática comprometida com a crítica dos saberes hegemônicos instituídos sobre os papéis e lugares dos gêneros na trama do social.This paper intends to point out feminist family therapy as a critical approach in the family therapy field. Initially, we describe feminism like a political, theoretical and epistemological field, as well as the incorporation of feminist assumptions by psychotherapy. We also describe the emergence of feminist family therapy and the major feminist criticism against traditional systemic family therapy. At the end, we highlight feminist family therapy like an engaged practice that reviews traditional and hegemonic knowledge about gender roles and places in the general social scheme.

  11. Tensiones, genealogías y feminismos en los 80: Un acercamiento a alfonsina, primer periódico para mujeres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Diz

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se realiza un análisis de la publicación feminista alfonsina que se publicó en el período posdictadura 83-84, en Buenos Aires. En primer lugar, se ubica al periódico diacrónica y sincrónicamente. Es decir que, por un lado, se ubica al periódico en una tradición de publicaciones feministas argentinas que se remonta al siglo XIX. Y, por otro, se analiza la influencia del feminismo de la diferencia en la publicación, así como se destaca que su condición marginal no suponía falta de actualidad intelectual ni política. En segundo lugar, se analiza, respecto al nombre de la publicación, su evidente alusión a la poeta Alfonsina Storni con la hipótesis de que el periódico es absolutamente original porque rescata una faceta no demasiado conocida de la escritora: su posición feminista, con lo cual la publicación contribuye a destruir el mito que ha encorsetado a Storni. Por último, se analiza el uso de ciertas estrategias disruptoras de las subjetividades sexuadas hegemónicas propias de la escritura periodística de Storni en dos periodistas-escritores de la publicación: María Moreno y Néstor Perlongher.

  12. Feminismo, maternidade e mídia – relações historicamente estreitas em revisão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Tomaz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Feminism, motherhood and the media - historically close relations in review – We start from the premise that motherhood is a social construct increasingly linked to communication processes, especially in the voluptuous offer of advice and guidelines of what is to be a mother. Taking on from this idea, this paper seeks to situate such debate. Based on the main approaches about motherhood in feminist studies, the paper presents a state-focused approach of this research in Brazil, bringing attention to three thematic-theoretical axes and to potential topics yet to be explored in media and motherhood studies.

  13. Chinese and Foreign Students Debate Gender Equality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    WITH the Fourth World Conference on Women drawing near, more and more people are showing a strong interest in women’s issues. On April 12 the debate "Is the Equality Between Men and Women Impossible?" was held at Beijing Language and Culture University. Hundreds of students and teachers crowded into the 200-seat university theater where the debate was held. The debate consisted of two teams representing positive and negative sides

  14. Abortion: taking the debate seriously.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kottow Lang, Miguel Hugo

    2015-05-19

    Voluntarily induced abortion has been under permanent dispute and legal regulations, because societies invariably condemn extramarital pregnancies. In recent decades, a measure of societal tolerance has led to decriminalize and legalize abortion in accordance with one of two models: a more restricted and conservative model known as therapeutic abortion, and the model that accepts voluntary abortion within the first trimester of pregnancy. Liberalization of abortion aims at ending clandestine abortions and decriminalizes the practice in order to increase reproductive education and accessibility of contraceptive methods, dissuade women from interrupting their pregnancy and, ultimately, make abortion a medically safe procedure within the boundaries of the law, inspired by efforts to reduce the incidence of this practice. The current legal initiative to decriminalize abortion in Chile proposes a notably rigid set of indications which would not resolve the three main objectives that need to be considered: 1) Establish the legal framework of abortion; 2) Contribute to reduce social unrest; 3) Solve the public health issue of clandestine, illegal abortions. Debate must urgently be opened to include alternatives in line with the general tendency to respect women's decision within the first trimester of pregnancy.

  15. Debating about the climate warming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Shaowu; LUO Yong; ZHAO Zongci; DONG Wenje; YANG Bao

    2006-01-01

    Debating about the climate warming is reviewed. Discussions have focused on the validity of the temperature reconstruction for the last millennium made by Mann et al. Arguments against and for the reconstruction are introduced. Temperature reconstructions by other authors are examined, including the one carried out by Wang et al. in 1996. It is concluded that: (1) Ability of reproducing temperature variability of time scale less than 10 a is limited, so no sufficient evidence proves that the 1990s was the warmest decade, and 1998 was the warmest year over the last millennium. (2) All ofthe temperature reconstructions by different authors demonstrate the occurrence of the MWP (Medieval Warm Period) and LIA (Little Ice Age) in low frequency band of temperature variations, though the peak in the MWP and trough in LIA varies from one reconstruction to the others. Therefore, terms of MWP and LIA can be used in studies of climate change. (3) The warming from 1975 to 2000 was significant, but we do not know if it was the strongest for the last millennium, which needs to be proved by more evidence.

  16. DE NEWTON A EINSTEIN: A DEBATE EL DESTINO DEL UNIVERSO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROGELIO PARREIRA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describe la historia del pensamiento científico en términos de las teorías de la inercia, el espacio absoluto, la relatividad y la gravitación; de cómo Newton utilizó el trabajo de los primeros investigadores en sus teorías, y Einstein las teorías de Newton en la suya, para tratar de explicar el destino del universo. Es la descripción de un proceso revolucionario del conocimiento científico, y sus aportes al desarrollo de muchos otros campos del saber

  17. As relações da Revista Estudos Feministas com os movimentos de mulheres The debate between Revista Estudos Feministas and women's movements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Linhares Barsted

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo refletir sobre o diálogo da REF, nesses últimos 15 anos, com os movimentos de mulheres no Brasil. Recupera os temas dos diversos dossiês que, em grande medida, focaram temáticas de extrema relevância e atualidade para a agenda política do feminismo. Resgata alguns desses dossiês como exemplos da articulação academia/movimentos sociais em torno de uma pauta feminista.This article focus on how, during the last 15 years, the periodical REF (Feminist Studies Review has debated with the various women's movements and contributed to the discussion of issues and proposal for feminism in Brazil. It recalls the main themes of several dossiers, which, in general, focused on issues of extreme relevance and importance for the political agenda of feminism. It reviews some of these dossiers as examples of a good articulation of the academy with social movements in the construction of a feminist agenda.

  18. Abortion: taking the debate seriously

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Hugo Kottow Lang

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available El aborto voluntariamente inducido se mantiene a lo largo de la historia como práctica prevalente sumida en la oscuridad y en la clandestinidad porque toda fecundación extramatrimonial ha sido socialmente rechazada. Desde mediados del siglo 20, se produce una actitud de tolerancia que lleva a la despenalización y legalización del aborto, según dos modelos jurídicos: el modelo de indicaciones, conocido como aborto terapéutico, adoptado en naciones conservadoras, y el modelo de plazos que permite a la mujer requerir el aborto dentro del primer trimestre de embarazo. La liberalización del aborto obedece a la invariable política social que busca eliminar la clandestinidad y sus nocivos efectos, para educar, disuadir y, eventualmente, considerar el aborto como un servicio médico seguro y accesible dentro de los marcos legalmente establecidos, todas normativas orientadas a disminuir la incidencia del aborto procurado. El Proyecto de Ley de despenalización del aborto presentado al Parlamento chileno obedece al modelo de indicaciones, que son presentadas en forma muy restrictiva y por ende no cumplen con los tres objetivos que deben orientarla: 1 Enmarcar legalmente la práctica del aborto; 2 Contribuir a la paz social; 3 Resolver el problema de salud pública del aborto clandestino. Es de urgencia abrir el debate a incluir alternativas más resolutivas, en consonancia con la tendencia general a preferir el modelo de plazos que incluye el respeto a la decisión de la mujer.

  19. Debate Revives Old Arguments on HPV Vaccine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Nirvi

    2011-01-01

    The author reports on a Republican presidential debate which revives the contention over requiring middle school girls to be vaccinated against the virus that causes cervical cancer. At the September 12 debate, U.S. Representative Michele Bachmann, of Minnesota, and Rick Santorum, a former U.S. senator from Pennsylvania, attacked Texas Governor…

  20. Colleges Call Debate Contests out of Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    Competitive debate has traditionally served as a laboratory for the democratic process and an important training ground for future policy makers. In recent years, a growing number of teams have played the game out of traditional bounds. They have turned events into commentaries on debate itself, in performances that bear little resemblance to the…

  1. Using Debates to Teach Information Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peace, A. Graham

    2011-01-01

    This experience report details the use of debates in a course on Information Ethics. Formal debates have been used in academia for centuries and create an environment in which students must think critically, communicate well and, above all, synthesize and evaluate the relevant classroom material. They also provide a break from the standard…

  2. Media Nihilism and the Presidential Debates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, J. Michael

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the function of media nihilism--the rhetoric of "crisis and failure"--in the 1988 Presidential Debates. Examines journalists' debate questions, noting that they painted an almost wholly negative portrait of America. Suggests that the candidate who effectively "skewers" the media on its own hypocrisy should be declared…

  3. The Affirmative Action Debate: A Critical Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Wyk, Berte

    2010-01-01

    In this article I contend that we cannot divorce affirmative action from issues about race and racism. Further, debates on affirmative action have to acknowledge the power of words/concepts/definitions and how they can be constructed and used for the purposes of domination or liberation. I argue that, in debating affirmative action, we have to…

  4. Political Campaign Debating: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Kurt; Hellweg, Susan A.

    Noting that television debates have become a regular feature of the media politics by which candidates seek office, this annotated bibliography is particularly intended to assist teachers and researchers of debate, argumentation, and political communication. The 40 citations are limited to the television era of American politics and categorized as…

  5. Debate Revives Old Arguments on HPV Vaccine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Nirvi

    2011-01-01

    The author reports on a Republican presidential debate which revives the contention over requiring middle school girls to be vaccinated against the virus that causes cervical cancer. At the September 12 debate, U.S. Representative Michele Bachmann, of Minnesota, and Rick Santorum, a former U.S. senator from Pennsylvania, attacked Texas Governor…

  6. Orientaciones sobre los debates virtuales, setiembre 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Guitert Catasús, Montse; Romeu Fontanillas, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    Aquests materials docents pretenen dotar els estudiants d'eines i recursos per a la seva participació en debats virtuals. Estos materiales docentes pretenden dotar a los estudiantes de herramientas y recursos para su participación en debates virtuales. These teaching materials aim to provide students with tools and resources for participating in online forums.

  7. La categoría analítica del género: notas para un debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Araya Umaña

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el feminismo de la década de los setenta, y en particular del anglosajón, surgió la categoría analítica del género, lo que develó el carácter construido de las desigualdades entre mujeres y hombres. Desde sus planteamientos iniciales, esta categoría ha referido a la necesidad de repensar y actuar sobre las perspecti - vas de análisis, permeadas por una visión parcial y masculina que históricamente, a partir de la diferencia anatómica entre los sexos, han ocultado o disfrazado estas desigualdades. La frase de Simone de Beauvoir “La mujer no nace, se hace” es un antecedente de la construcción social y cultural que la cate - goría de género retoma dentro de sus principales postulados. Volverse mujer es mucho más complicado que transformarse en hombre, pues históricamente lo humano y lo masculino han sido conceptos intercambiables de la misma manera como lo han sido los conceptos de mujer e inferioridad. Este artículo pretende mostrar la riqueza del género como catego - ría analítica y su contribución a la comprensión de otras catego - rías como poder, cultura e ideología. En el análisis de la categoría de poder, se retoman algunos debates surgidos de los estudios decoloniales con el fin de evidenciar que la construcción de un proyecto feminista ―ético político― requiere grandes dosis de acuerdo y unidad, pero en particular de una conciencia crítica.

  8. The Commission on Presidential Debates: A New Approach to Political Debates or Just a New Sponsor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prentice, Diana B.

    To grasp what happened to the institutionalization of presidential debates in 1988 it will be useful to ask what is the future of party sponsorship of presidential debates. Given that sponsorship has been an issue discussed after every debate since 1960, either from a legal perspective (i.e. who can sponsor and remain in compliance with Federal…

  9. Public debate - radioactive wastes management; Debat public - gestion des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    Between September 2005 and January 2006 a national debate has been organized on the radioactive wastes management. This debate aimed to inform the public and to allow him to give his opinion. This document presents, the reasons of this debate, the operating, the synthesis of the results and technical documents to bring information in the domain of radioactive wastes management. (A.L.B.)

  10. Por el amor de Dios. Religión e imaginación erótica en el feminismo de Mary Wollstonecraft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara TAYLOR

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El feminismo de Mary Wollstonecraft está forjado sobre una profunda fe religiosa. De acuerdo con A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792, la igualdad social y política de las mujeres es un derecho secular pero, lo que es más importante, es un requisito esencial para la redención espiritual femenina. La visión que inspiró este compromiso, como señala William Godwin en su Memoir sobre Wollstonecraft, es altamente idiosincrática, y combina la religión natural, el panteísmo y el romanticismo platónico —y en este sentido tipifica el carácter innovador del pensamiento religioso de la Ilustración. Pero en los escritos de Wollstonecraft estas ideas adquieren una especial visión feminista. Si la comunión con Dios es la más alta expresión de humanidad en ambos sexos, argumenta la autora, las mujeres deben tener acceso a la libertad emocional e intelectual necesaria para la satisfacción espiritual. La identificación amorosa con la perfección divina es el camino por el cual el alma se da cuenta de su propio potencial sagrado, dice en Rights of Woman; por lo tanto, los corazones y las mentes de las mujeres deben huir de los objetos terrenales en beneficio de los divinos —del Hombre a Dios— por medio de una imaginativa reorientación que sitúa la imagen del Amor sagrado en el centro de la subjetividad moral. El artículo analiza el ideal sobre la orientación divina de la imaginación erótica, y sitúa sus raíces en Rousseau y en otras formas anteriores de platonismo cristiano, para discutir posteriormente las fantasías que se esconden tras esas creencias. Finalmente, se sugiere que a través de la combinación de diferentes análisis históricos y la teoría psicodinámica es como mejor se puede entender el feminismo religioso de WoUstonecraft.ABSTRACT: Mary Wollstonecraft's feminism was informed by a deep religious faith. According to A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792, the social and political equality for

  11. Políticas y género en Argentina. Aportes desde la antropología y el feminismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Del Rio Fortuna, Cynthia

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Las políticas públicas, herramienta de poder indispensable para el ejercicio de gobierno de la población, definen “problemas” y “poblaciones” como objetos de intervención. Tales políticas se presentan como producto de un conocimiento experto y técnico que, por lo mismo, se coloca por encima y por fuera de la sociedad, que lo asume neutral, objetivo. Desde allí, el colectivo “mujeres” aparece en la agenda de políticas públicas, al tiempo que la academia se hace eco de ella. Centrándose en los estudios etnográficos volcados a las políticas y la vida cotidiana, los estudios culturales, los estudios post-coloniales y el feminismo crítico, este artículo analiza los aportes de la antropología para abordar las diversas formas y sentidos de las actuales políticas públicas, con la intención de (reconocer los modos en que ellas organizan, producen y reproducen lo que se entiende por femenino y masculino. Simultáneamente, interesa desnaturalizar la construcción de subjetividades homogéneas –generizadas y sexuadas– atendiendo a las diversas modalidades de acción, demandas y resistencias a través de las cuales los sujetos se definen y redefinen a sí mismos, y que los revela transformadores de las políticas.

  12. Contribución del feminismo de la diferencia sexual a los análisis de género en el deporte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Horcajo, Montserrat

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the author explores how sexual difference feminism can contribute to the analyses of women’s experiences in rugby. The author uses the most important concepts of sexual difference feminism like affidamento relationships, female authority and female desire and freedom to show the need to create a new language that allows thinking and interpreting female rugby experiences. A feminine rugby practice which is framed beyond traditional gender stereotypes of sport. The paper ends concluding the importance of creating a new symbolic order in which women can make sense of their way of being and thinking in and of sport.

    En este artículo la autora examina las aportaciones del feminismo italiano de la diferencia sexual a los análisis de las experiencias de las mujeres en el rugby. La autora utiliza los conceptos más característicos de esta teoría, como por ejemplo, relaciones de affidamento, autoridad femenina y deseo y libertad femenina, para mostrar la necesidad de crear un lenguaje que permita pensar e interpretar experiencias de la práctica del rugby desde el ser femenino. En definitiva, en este artículo se explora la posibilidad de analizar los significados sociales del rugby femenino más allá de los estereotipos tradicionales de género. El artículo acaba apuntando la importancia de crear un orden simbólico alternativo al existente, que legitime a la mujer como sujeto de sus experiencias y no tan solo como objeto de estudio de éstas.

  13. Astronomers debate diamonds in space

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-04-01

    This is not the first time the intriguing carbonaceous compound has been detected in space. A peculiar elite of twelve stars are known to produce it. The star now added by ISO to this elite is one of the best representatives of this exclusive family, since it emits a very strong signal of the compound. Additionally ISO found a second new member of the group with weaker emission, and also observed with a spectral resolution never achieved before other already known stars in this class. Astronomers think these ISO results will help solve the mystery of the true nature of the compound. Their publication by two different groups, from Spain and Canada, has triggered a debate on the topic, both in astronomy institutes and in chemistry laboratories. At present, mixed teams of astrophysicists and chemists are investigating in the lab compounds whose chemical signature or "fingerprint" matches that detected by ISO. Neither diamonds nor fullerenes have ever been detected in space, but their presence has been predicted. Tiny diamonds of pre-solar origin --older than the Solar System-- have been found in meteorites, which supports the as yet unconfirmed theory of their presence in interstellar space. The fullerene molecule, made of 60 carbon atoms linked to form a sphere (hence the name "buckyball"), has also been extensively searched for in space but never found. If the carbonaceous compound detected by ISO is a fullerene or a diamond, there will be new data on the production of these industrially interesting materials. Fullerenes are being investigated as "capsules" to deliver new pharmaceuticals to the body. Diamonds are commonly used in the electronics industry and for the development of new materials; if they are formed in the dust surrounding some stars, at relatively low temperatures and conditions of low pressure, companies could learn more about the ideal physical conditions to produce them. A textbook case The latest star in which the compound has been found is

  14. El constitucionalismo revolucionario en la Nueva Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidro Vanegas

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra los orígenes del variado constitucionalismo creado durante la revolución de la Nueva Granda en la década de 1810. contrasta la noción revolucionaria de "constitución" con aquella propia de la sociedad monárquica y muestra sus rasgos distintivos, así como los mecanismos mediante los cuales fue elaborada y puesta en vigor. Subraya cómo ese concepto entrañaba un horizonte de profunda ruptura con la sociedad en la cual nacía. En este sentido, el artículo interroga los aportes historiográficos que señalan los orígenes de la historia constitucional colombiana en 1821, remontándose a las experiencias político revolucionarias de la primera década del siglo XIX, por medio de la re evaluación del aporte constitucional neogranadino frente al gaditano

  15. El constitucionalismo revolucionario en la Nueva Granda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidro Vanegas

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra los orígenes del variado constitucionalismo creado durante la revolución de la Nueva Granada en la década de 1810. Contrasta la noción revolucionaria de “constitución” con aquella propia de la sociedad monárquica y muestra sus rasgos distintivos, así como los mecanismos mediante los cuales fue elaborada y puesta en vigor. Subraya cómo ese concepto entrañaba un horizonte de profunda ruptura con la sociedad en la cual nacía. En este sentido, el artículo interroga los aportes historiográficos que señalan los orígenes de la historia constitucional colombiana en 1821, remontándose a las experiencias político revolucionarias de la primera década del siglo XIX, por medio de una reevaluación del aporte constitucional neogranadino frente al gaditano.

  16. The Re-Education of an Old Debater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayer, James E.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the author's experience as a professor who thought he had long ago shed his intercollegiate academic debate habits, when his university became embroiled in a debate about converting to a semester system. Describes a formal debate, the real debate on email, and how one can win the debate but still lose the decision in the real world of…

  17. El cine como transgresión: deseo, política y feminismo en Camila (María Luisa Bemberg, 1984

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kratje, Julia

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available [es] El objetivo general de este artículo es realizar un análisis de Camila (1984 de María Luisa Bemberg, obra clave para la historización de la relación entre cine y feminismo en la Argentina. El objetivo específico es investigar la construcción de la figura de mujer moderna como sujeto deseante en la transposición de los acontecimientos decimonónicos al film. La hipótesis que guía el trabajo es que el vínculo entre deseo y política aparece expresado bajo una forma cinematográfica convencional orientada por una revisión crítica del drama histórico. Con ese propósito, indagamos el film a partir del horizonte de emancipación abierto por el movimiento de mujeres y la cultura cinematográfica. Teniendo en cuenta las modificaciones operadas en la adaptación de los sucesos documentados, exploramos el repertorio figurativo desde el foco puesto en la relación de la protagonista con la moral católica y los lazos familiares, que perfilan a Camila O’Gorman como un personaje avant la lettre. [en] The general objective of this article is to analyze María Luisa Bemberg’s Camila (1984, a fundamental film about the relationship between cinema and feminism in Argentina. The specific objective is to investigate the construction of the figure of modern woman as a desiring subject in the adaptation of nineteenth-century history to the film, whose transposition refers to events of 1847, at the time of the government of Juan Manuel de Rosas (1835-1852. The hypothesis that guides the work is that the link between desire and politics is expressed in a feminist cinematographic form, oriented by a critical revision of the historical drama. With this purpose, I am interested in investigating the film from the horizon of emancipation opened by the women’s movement and the cinematographic culture connected with the “second wave”.

  18. Reflexões e problemas da "transmissão" intergeracional no feminismo brasileiro Reflections and problems of intergenerational "transmission" in Brazilian feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Gonçalves

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo parte de uma observação situada do presente e de algumas indagações acerca das possibilidades e limites da transmissão de um ideário - princípios, valores, metodologias, saberes, etc. - através do tempo. O feminismo, enquanto um movimento político coletivo, cujas demandas por reconhecimento e legitimação pressupõem estratégias de formação contínuas, enfrenta, de tempos em tempos, impasses que estão relacionados à sua existência no presente e continuidade no futuro. O artigo pretende problematizar conceitos e questões em torno do "envelhecimento" das gerações que deram sustentação à política feminista a partir da redemocratização, no Brasil, ao final dos anos 1970, constituindo, no País, o legado da chamada "segunda onda". Nossa perspectiva busca interrogar sobre os processos de mudança social, contingentes e necessários a uma política de "transmissão" e formação de novas gerações.This article is based on an observation of the present and on some questions about the possibilities and limits of the transmission of a set of ideas - principles, values, methodologies, knowledge etc. - over time. Feminism, as a political and collective movement, which demands recognition and legitimacy, presumes strategies of permanent formation, and is confronted from time to time, with struggles that are related to its existence in the present and to its continuity in the future. The article aims at questioning concepts about the aging of the generations who gave support to feminist politics during the Brazilian re-democratization process in the late 1970s, which constituted itself the heritage of the so called "second wave". Our perspective aims to interrogate processes of social change, understood as contingent and also necessary, to a politics of intergenerational transmission.

  19. Beyond the mammography debate: a moderate perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaniklidis, C

    2015-06-01

    After some decades of contention, one can almost despair and conclude that (paraphrasing) "the mammography debate you will have with you always." Against that sentiment, in this review I argue, after reflecting on some of the major themes of this long-standing debate, that we must begin to move beyond the narrow borders of claim and counterclaim to seek consensus on what the balance of methodologically sound and critically appraised evidence demonstrates, and also to find overlooked underlying convergences; after acknowledging the reality of some residual and non-trivial harms from mammography, to promote effective strategies for harm mitigation; and to encourage deployment of new screening modalities that will render many of the issues and concerns in the debate obsolete. To these ends, I provide a sketch of what this looking forward and beyond the current debate might look like, leveraging advantages from abbreviated breast magnetic resonance imaging technologies (such as the ultrafast and twist protocols) and from digital breast tomosynthesis-also known as three-dimensional mammography. I also locate the debate within the broader context of mammography in the real world as it plays out not for the disputants, but for the stakeholders themselves: the screening-eligible patients and the physicians in the front lines who are charged with enabling both the acts of screening and the facts of screening at their maximally objective and patient-accessible levels to facilitate informed decisions.

  20. La Revolución (¿libertaria? Mexicana - Cien años de una lectura del proceso revolucionario de México pela prensa obrera brasileña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio da Silva Sousa

    2010-11-01

    siglo XX. Con esto, se procura elucidar cómo esos operarios fabriles libertarios, leyeron y sintieron la Revolución y, si hubo o no, una identificación con los revolucionarios armados que se insurreccionaron en noviembre de 1910.

  1. Ethics and animal experimentation: what is debated?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Leal Paixão

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to raise some points for an understanding of the contemporary debate over the ethics of using animals in scientific experiments. We present the various positions from scientific and moral perspectives establishing different ways of viewing animals, as well as several concepts like 'animal ethics', 'animal rights', and 'animal welfare'. The paper thus aims to analyze the importance and growth of this debate, while proposing to expand the academic approach to this theme in the field of health.

  2. Ethics and animal experimentation: what is debated?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paixão Rita Leal

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to raise some points for an understanding of the contemporary debate over the ethics of using animals in scientific experiments. We present the various positions from scientific and moral perspectives establishing different ways of viewing animals, as well as several concepts like 'animal ethics', 'animal rights', and 'animal welfare'. The paper thus aims to analyze the importance and growth of this debate, while proposing to expand the academic approach to this theme in the field of health.

  3. Clearing the Waters of the Fracking Debate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ernstoff, Alexi; Ellis, Brian R.

    2013-01-01

    Much of the debate on “fracking” in the United States is fueled by poor communication among stakeholders. Information in the public sphere may be provided by biased sources, and complicated academic research is often misinterpreted by media sources. The goal of this review is to provide an open...... reserves, but instead, to highlight similar environmental challenges presented by other industrial activities. Many research and knowledge gaps remain regarding the ultimate impact of high volume hydraulic fracturing on the environment, however, the high profile nature of the fracking debate can help raise...

  4. Den brede, folkelige debat om EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dosenrode, Søren

    2005-01-01

    I Danmark er EUropa noget fjernt på trods af, at EU er rammen om dansk politik, både udenrigs og indenrigs. Danmark er medlem af en de facto føderation, men de brede folkelige debater om hvordan EU skal gestaltes har manglet.......I Danmark er EUropa noget fjernt på trods af, at EU er rammen om dansk politik, både udenrigs og indenrigs. Danmark er medlem af en de facto føderation, men de brede folkelige debater om hvordan EU skal gestaltes har manglet....

  5. Medicinal cannabis: moving the debate forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newton-Howes, Giles; McBride, Sam

    2016-11-18

    There has been increased interest in cannabis as a medicine both nationally and internationally. Internationally, cannabis is accepted as a medication for a variety of purposes in a variety of legal guises and this, associated with anecdotes of the utility of cannabis as medication has led for calls for it to be 'medicalised' in New Zealand. This viewpoint discusses the issues associated with this approach to accessing cannabis and some of the difficulties that may be associated with it. It is important doctors are at the forefront of the debate surrounding medicalised cannabis. Recommendations as to the ongoing debate are offered.

  6. Violência doméstica e Juizados Especiais Criminais: análise a partir do feminismo e do garantismo Domestic violence and Special Criminal Courts: analysis from the legal feminism and penal criticism perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Hein de Campos

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende demonstrar a possibilidade de análise crítica da Lei 9.099/95 a partir de dois discursos considerados marginais no campo do direito penal: o feminismo jurídico e o garantismo penal. Considerando a vítima no momento do crime e o autor do fato durante o processo penal, esses discursos interagem, procurando construir um diálogo para demonstrar a ineficácia da lei em ambas as perspectivas.This article aims at demonstrating the possibility of criticism about the criminal law (Lei 9.099/95 from two perspectives seen as marginal within penal law studies: the legal feminism and the penal criticism (garantismo. Taking into account the victim's condition and the defendant's rights during the criminal proceedings, such discourses are linked to show the inefficacy of that law towards both the victim and the defendant.

  7. Gloria Anzaldúa, a consciência mestiça e o "feminismo da diferença" Gloria Anzaldúa, mestiza consciousness, and "feminism of difference"

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia de Lima Costa; Eliana Ávila

    2005-01-01

    Este artigo situa a contribuição fundamental de Gloria Anzaldúa sobre a consciência mestiça na história do feminismo, enfocando sua perspectiva epistemológica da diferença interseccional na articulação de uma política de coalizão contra a exclusão da alteridade dos lugares privilegiados da construção da modernidade. Ancorando-se nas reflexões acad��micas sobre os escritos de Anzaldúa, as autoras destacam as maneiras pelas quais a teoria da identidade mestiça de Anzaldúa está antecipando não a...

  8. Research: Online Debate, Not Angry But Neutral

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eberholst, Mads Kæmsgaard; Hartley, Jannie Møller

    2015-01-01

    Social media debate has a bad reputation. Often described as meaningless, rude and derogatory, in extreme cases virtual disagreements have even led to threats and violence in the real world. Female politicians, in particular, have been targeted by trolls and subject to slander and vitriol. Yet new...

  9. Debate, Research on E-Cigarettes Continues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Since they first began to be sold in North America in the mid-2000s, electronic cigarettes have been the subject of intense debate. NCI's Dr. Michele Bloch recently presented an update on some of the issues surrounding e-cigarettes.

  10. The GM foods debate in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scholderer, Joachim

    2005-01-01

    The debate on genetically modified (GM) foods has been led on multiple levels in Europe, including such diverse frames of reference as economic policy and international trade, environmental risk, bioethics, consumer protection and food safety. The shifting frames of reference are traced over...

  11. Reframing the English Grammar Schools Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Rebecca; Perry, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    In October 2015 the Department for Education (DfE) permitted a grammar school in Tonbridge, Kent, to open up an annexe in Sevenoaks, 10 miles away. Amidst claims that the annexe was essentially a new grammar school, the decision reignited an old debate about the value of academically-selective "grammar" schools in England. The intensity…

  12. Israel debates raising commitment to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Watzman, H

    2000-01-01

    Israel's science ministry is debating whether to apply for full membership of CERN since the 1992 agreement allowing Israel observer status is about to expire. Israeli physicists are pushing for full membership for political as well as scientific reasons (1 page).

  13. Recent debates in philosophy of management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rendtorff, Jacob Dahl

    2013-01-01

    In this chapter, we examine legitimacy in relation to recent debates on the philosophy of management and corporations that have emerged to deal with the decline of Protestant ethics. On this basis, we discuss the concepts of corporate citizenship and the good citizen corporations as recent efforts...

  14. Beyond the Virtues-Principles Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keat, Marilyn S.

    1992-01-01

    Indicates basic ontological assumptions in the virtues-principles debate in moral philosophy, noting Aristotle's and Kant's fundamental ideas about morality and considering a hermeneutic synthesis of theories. The article discusses what acceptance of the synthesis might mean in the theory and practice of moral pedagogy, offering examples of…

  15. Making Sense of the MOOCs Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharrock, Geoff

    2015-01-01

    This article considers recent public debates about massive open online courses (MOOCs) and their potential to transform higher education. Drawing on reports and media commentary, it probes the claims and counterclaims of MOOC proponents and MOOC sceptics. It considers the implications for students, governments, institutions and scholars…

  16. Using Role Play to Debate Animal Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agell, Laia; Soria, Vanessa; Carrió, Mar

    2015-01-01

    The use of animals in biomedical research is a socio-scientific issue in which decision-making is complicated. In this article, we describe an experience involving a role play activity performed during school visits to the Barcelona Biomedical Research Park (PRBB) to debate animal testing. Role playing games require students to defend different…

  17. PRESIDENTIAL DEBATES AND THE ELECTORAL FORTUNES OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The concept of presidential debate is defined, followed by a review of literature as well as a brief discussion on the concept of democJ ratio consolidation. .... and facial expressions are magnified (ibid), He however, added that as long as ...

  18. Teaching Group Work with "The Great Debaters"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moe, Jeffry; Autry, Linda; Olson, Joann S.; Johnson, Kaprea F.

    2014-01-01

    An experiential learning activity, based on the film "The Great Debaters" (Washington, D., 2007), was used during a group work class. Description and preliminary evaluation of the activity is provided, including analysis of participant scores on the group leader self-efficacy instrument at multiple points. Implications and future…

  19. Lesson plan. Crossing borders: the globalization debate

    OpenAIRE

    anonymous

    2008-01-01

    Students will consider both sides of the globalization debate—the benefits and the costs—by reading and discussing the article "Crossing Borders: The Globalization Debate" from the Spring 2008 issue of Inside the Vault. Working in groups, students will analyze statements regarding the benefits and costs of globalization, categorize the statements and discuss them.

  20. O debate e os debates: abordagens feministas para as relações internacionais Debate, debates: feminist approaches to international relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izadora Xavier do Monte

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo reúne e discute as abordagens feministas para as Relações Internacionais. O encontro entre os campos dos Estudos de Gênero e Relações Internacionais data de pouco mais de duas décadas, e representa um movimento simultâneo ao do surgimento do chamado "terceiro debate" em RI. Dessa forma, pretende-se, além de discutir a aplicação do gênero como categoria de análise para as relações internacionais, argumentar que essa aplicação está intimamente ligada às críticas às teorias convencionais de RI que surgem no contexto do terceiro debate.The article collects and discusses feminist approaches to International Relations. The encounter between the fields of Gender Studies and International Relations dates back to a little over two decades, and represents a movement that was almost simultaneous to the beginning of what is called in the IR field the "third debate". In this sense, besides discussing the use of gender as a category of analysis for international relations, the article intends to argue that this use of gender in IR is closely connected to the critics to conventional IR theories that emerge in the context of the third debate.

  1. Knowledge of the Debate Critic-Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Neil

    Arguing that any discussion of debate theory is incomplete without at least some analysis or review of paradigm theory, this paper begins by analogizing the arguments over paradigms to a battle ground over control of the activity. The analysis then shifts to an examination of Thomas Kuhn's sociological theory as a basis for the argument that the…

  2. Bioethics and the Stem Cell Research Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Robyn S.

    2006-01-01

    Bioethics--the study of ethical issues in science and medicine--has grown to become a significant academic and service-oriented discipline with its own research centers, conferences, journals, and degree programs. As these issues have moved to the center of public debate, the law has assumed an increasingly important place in the discipline of…

  3. Using Role Play to Debate Animal Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agell, Laia; Soria, Vanessa; Carrió, Mar

    2015-01-01

    The use of animals in biomedical research is a socio-scientific issue in which decision-making is complicated. In this article, we describe an experience involving a role play activity performed during school visits to the Barcelona Biomedical Research Park (PRBB) to debate animal testing. Role playing games require students to defend different…

  4. Debating Diversity: Ethics and Controversial Public Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darr, Christopher R.

    2016-01-01

    Courses: Ethics, Organizational Communication, Political Communication. Objectives: After completing this unit activity, students should be able to (1) apply multiple ethical perspectives to real-world diversity issues in a debate format, and (2) explain the role of informational and social category diversity in current controversies.

  5. Debates over School Shutdowns Heating Up

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

    2012-01-01

    As school closures are increasingly used as a remedy to budget woes and a solution to failing schools in many cities, debates are intensifying about their effect on student performance and well-being, on district finances, and on communities and the processes districts use to choose which schools will be shuttered. Student and parent groups in…

  6. Bioethics and the Stem Cell Research Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Robyn S.

    2006-01-01

    Bioethics--the study of ethical issues in science and medicine--has grown to become a significant academic and service-oriented discipline with its own research centers, conferences, journals, and degree programs. As these issues have moved to the center of public debate, the law has assumed an increasingly important place in the discipline of…

  7. Gun Control: The Debate and Public Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Christine

    1997-01-01

    Provides an overview and background information on the debate over gun control, as well as several teaching ideas. Handouts include a list of related topics drawn from various disciplines (economics, U.S. history), seven arguments for and against gun control, and a set of policy evaluation guidelines. (MJP)

  8. United States: Exploring the Marriage Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Julie H.

    2004-01-01

    As citizens of the United States respond to legislative and judicial actions that have challenged the prohibition against same-sex couples receiving marriage licenses, schools have a timely opportunity to engage students on this most important debate. Educators can help their students understand the full significance of this issue by encouraging…

  9. NVM cafe debat Makelen en taxeren

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veuger, Jan

    2015-01-01

    26 November 2015 heeft de live stream van het NVM debat plaatsgevonden over makelen, taxeren, waarderen en aardbevingen. Deelnemers aan het panel waren Jan Palland (voorzitter NVM-afdeling Groningen), Frans Musters (directievoorzitter Rabobank Noord-Oost Groningen) en Jan Veuger.

  10. State Legislatures Debate Tuition for Illegal Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Josh

    2007-01-01

    With plans for a sweeping federal immigration bill stuck in Congress, Arizona and a growing number of states have decided to try to deal with the in-state-tuition issue themselves. This spring lawmakers in at least 22 states have already considered or are debating legislation concerning in-state tuition to illegal immigrants. In about half of…

  11. Massemedier som forum for politisk debat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Bo; Trapp, Leila

    2015-01-01

    Ifølge normative teorier om politisk offentlighed og demokrati bør der i deliberative demokratier som det danske foregå en bred offentlig debat, inden politikere træffer beslutninger. Debatten, der i dagens Danmark hovedsagelig foregår i massemedierne, skal blandt andet sikre, at alle synspunkter...

  12. Making Sense of the MOOCs Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharrock, Geoff

    2015-01-01

    This article considers recent public debates about massive open online courses (MOOCs) and their potential to transform higher education. Drawing on reports and media commentary, it probes the claims and counterclaims of MOOC proponents and MOOC sceptics. It considers the implications for students, governments, institutions and scholars…

  13. Anonymity in Classroom Voting and Debating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainsworth, Shaaron; Gelmini-Hornsby, Giulia; Threapleton, Kate; Crook, Charles; O'Malley, Claire; Buda, Marie

    2011-01-01

    The advent of networked environments into the classroom is changing classroom debates in many ways. This article addresses one key attribute of these environments, namely anonymity, to explore its consequences for co-present adolescents anonymous, by virtue of the computer system, to peers not to teachers. Three studies with 16-17 year-olds used a…

  14. Meningitis Deaths Renew Debate About Vaccinating Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reisberg, Leo

    1999-01-01

    The annual incidence of meningococcal disease among 15- to 25-year olds has doubled since 1991, to over 600 cases, and recent studies indicate outbreaks may be increasing on college campuses. Six of the 83 cases appearing at academic institutions have been fatal. The trend has fueled the debate over whether a vaccine should be administered…

  15. "Criterios legales" y "criterios políticos" En el debate parlamentario De los años veintes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefina Mac Gregor

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo explora las particularidades de una caracterización que fue muy común en el discurso político de los atios veintes: el ser revolucionario. A partir del seiialamiento que un grupo de políticos realizaba de sí mismos como auténticos revolucionarios, se derivaban medidas concretas de índolewlítica y legal, tales como la acreditación . - de diputados y senadores en el Congreso.

  16. Politeness Strategies in the 1992 Vice Presidential and Presidential Debates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinck, Edward A.; Hinck, Shelly S.

    2002-01-01

    Extends politeness theory to political debates arguing that an important element of political leadership resides in a candidate's ability to manage political image through politeness strategies in a debate. Reveals differences in face saving strategies in the debates. Considers implications for the importance of debates as campaign events and the…

  17. Is Dance a Sport?: A Twenty-First-Century Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarino, Lindsay

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses a new debate which has emerged for dancers. For many years dancers debated dance as art versus entertainment. This age-old debate still exists without a consensus, yet there is suddenly a new generation of dancers with a fresh debate. Legions of young performers are fervently proclaiming that their dance is actually a sport.…

  18. TRABAJO SEXUAL Y FEMINISMO, UNA FILIACIÓN BORRADA: TRADUCCIÓN DE "INVENTING SEX WORK" DE CAROL LEIGH (ALIAS SCARLOT HARLOT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Morcillo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta introducción a la traducción del texto de Carol Leigh, reponemos brevemente el contexto de los debates feministas presentes en el surgimiento de la idea de trabajo sexual. Además brindamos una clave de lectura que permite comprender la importancia actual de esta traducción en el marco de una fuerte polarización del debate feminista sobre la prostitución y la transnacionalización de la campaña contra la trata de personas.

  19. Geografía(s feminista(s: itinerarios y debates por las reflexiones en torno al estudio cultural de las espacialidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Federico Zubia

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El hiato cuerpos y espacialidades pone en tensión no solo las coordenadas geográficas, sino también las teóricas que, al fin y al cabo, se constituyen coetáneamente en un mismo proceso epistémico. Este es el punto de intersección en el que convergen dos trayectos de investigación: el estudio de experiencias de mujeres bagayeras en la frontera argentino-boliviana y la erosión de los paisajes culturales tras los desarrollismos contemporáneos. Estos recorridos de investigación no devuelven sino una mirada fractal acerca de las espacialidades que deshacen la cartografía oficial consagrada en el mapa de la nación, para interrogarse por los lugares obliterados en la enunciación del espacio geométrico cuya “neutralidad” es puesta en cuestión. En este contexto, el trabajo se propone (reconstruir una genealogía crítica de los debates acerca de las intersecciones entre geografías y feminismos, tras los giros teóricos de las últimas décadas, para organizar una arquitectura analítica con la que estudiar las excentricidades de los espacios dislocados en su faz cultural. En este recorrido, se repasarán las discusiones que impugnaron y deconstruyeron la especialidad hegemónica de la res extensa del espacio geométrico dando paso a un proyecto político que habilitara modos disidentes de habitar el lugar, a la vez que asumirá la precariedad como forma alegórica de la teoría social.

  20. Role-Playing in a Vaccination Debate Strengthens Student Scientific Debate Skills for Various Audiences†

    OpenAIRE

    Gianne Souza; Mixter, Philip F.

    2016-01-01

    Students are surrounded by strongly-held viewpoints on scientific topics and frequently discuss news reports with their classmates. We developed the vaccination debate exercise to leverage this interest and develop core higher-order cognitive skills (HOCS), including, but not limited to, the ability to critique public media or primary research sources and create arguments for defending multiple viewpoints. Students prepared to debate different sides of the topic and then randomly assumed one ...

  1. Moving research beyond the spanking debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacMillan, Harriet L; Mikton, Christopher R

    2017-02-26

    Despite numerous studies identifying a broad range of harms associated with the use of spanking and other types of physical punishment, debate continues about its use as a form of discipline. In this commentary, we recommend four strategies to move the field forward and beyond the spanking debate including: 1) use of methodological approaches that allow for stronger causal inference; 2) consideration of human rights issues; 3) a focus on understanding the causes of spanking and reasons for its decline in certain countries; and 4) more emphasis on evidence-based approaches to changing social norms to reject spanking as a form of discipline. Physical punishment needs to be recognized as an important public health problem.

  2. Fatal exit the automotive black box debate

    CERN Document Server

    Kowalick, Tom

    2005-01-01

    "Fatal Exit: The Automotive Black Box Debate cuts through thirty years of political wrangling and institutional biases to provide an argument for the Motor Vehicle Event Data Recorder (MVEDR). This automotive equivalent of an airplane's flight recorder or black box is intended to solve the mysteries of car crashes and improve the safety of our roads. The reader is taken inside the automotive industry and the government highway safety establishment to foster an understanding of the politics and the positions on all sides of this safety debate. The author takes an unbiased approach, chronologically presenting each argument and uncovering the agendas and mandates of each of the stakeholders." "This publication is essential reading for all consumers who need to have their voices heard on this critical issue, as well as for attorneys, public safety advocates, public policy administrators, engineers, automotive professionals, journalists, and insurance executives."--Jacket.

  3. Quantitative and qualitative research: beyond the debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelo, Omar; Braakmann, Diana; Benetka, Gerhard

    2008-09-01

    Psychology has been a highly quantitative field since its conception as a science. However, a qualitative approach to psychological research has gained increasing importance in the last decades, and an enduring debate between quantitative and qualitative approaches has arisen. The recently developed Mixed Methods Research (MMR) addresses this debate by aiming to integrate quantitative and qualitative approaches. This article outlines and discusses quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods research approaches with specific reference to their (1) philosophical foundations (i.e. basic sets of beliefs that ground inquiry), (2) methodological assumptions (i.e. principles and formal conditions which guide scientific investigation), and (3) research methods (i.e. concrete procedures for data collection, analysis and interpretation). We conclude that MMR may reasonably overcome the limitation of purely quantitative and purely qualitative approaches at each of these levels, providing a fruitful context for a more comprehensive psychological research.

  4. Psychopathy and Personality: Advances and Debates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Joshua D; Lynam, Donald R

    2015-12-01

    Nine original articles comprise this special issue of the Journal of Personality addressing personality-based perspectives of psychopathy. In this introduction to the special issue, we review five advances and areas of agreement that are highlighted across the articles, including the utility of trait perspectives to psychopathy, the emergence of a prototypical trait profile of psychopathy, the importance of recognizing earlier developmental manifestations of psychopathy, the ongoing study and revelation of the basic neural underpinnings of psychopathy, and the important theoretical and empirical association between psychopathy and antisocial behavior. At the same time, several important debates remain, which are also highlighted in the special issue's articles. These debates center around the necessity and sufficiency of certain psychopathy traits, the role of traits alternatively labeled stable Extraversion, fearless dominance, or boldness, and the validity and utility of separating psychopathy from Machiavellianism as is done in research on the Dark Triad.

  5. Gilles Deleuze and the contemporary biopolitical debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Antonelli

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The present work is a research on Gilles Deleuze’s contribution to the contemporary biopolitical debate. To begin with, we analyze his interpretation of Foucault’s conception of biopolitics, especially the vitalist matrix of his reading, and we examine its impact on the distinction between “biopower” and “biopolitics” according to certain authors (Lazzarato, Negri, Revel. We then reveal the presence of deleuzian notions in other perspectives (the “impersonal” in Esposito, the “society of control” in Negri. Finally, we propose renewing the fundamental tensions of the debate on Life, Politics, Language and the Condition of Man, based on concepts elaborated by Deleuze

  6. Publicity, news content, and cultural debate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard Kristensen, Nete; From, Unni

    2015-01-01

    Taking our point of departure in mediatization theory (Hjarvard, 2013; Lundby, 2009; Schulz, 2004), we analyse the interwoven communicative forms of the film industry and the printed press as they are expressed in the coverage of three blockbusters in Danish newspapers – Ben-Hur (1959/62); Batman...... stimulate socio-cultural debate, at the same time as the portrayal of blockbuster movie events and their directors and actors at-tracts media audiences, serving as entertainment, service as well as enlightenment....

  7. Liberal intolerance in European education debates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Tore Vincents

    2016-01-01

    by subdividing it into four categories of liberal intolerance and demonstrates this by analysing six national debates on the accommodation of cultural and religious diversity in education. The analysis indicates that the nature of liberal intolerance understood as the combination of the four categories...... of liberal intolerance varies with the state tradition regarding religious neutrality of public institutions and the type of welfare state, but also that many liberal arguments for and against accommodation repeat themselves across national contexts....

  8. The Debate over eHealth

    CERN Document Server

    Gaddi, Antonio Vittorino

    2014-01-01

    The future of eHealth and telemedicine has recently become a much debated and controversial subject. It is widely believed that eHealth will play an increasingly important role in shaping healthcare systems in the twenty-first century. The rising burden of chronic diseases and the potential of eHealth for cutting costs and improving quality and safety of health services make eHealth a great opportunity for providing more efficient health care.

  9. Current debates over nosology of somatoform disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amlan K Jana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a wide debate among the researchers and clinicians over the diagnostic categories subsumed under the rubric of somatoform disorders (SDs. Recent proposals vary from radical views that call for removing this category altogether to the conservative views that suggests cosmetic changes in the diagnostic criteria of SDs. We have the reviewed the relevant literature through PUBMED search supplemented with manual search on current concepts of SD.

  10. Intellectual property and biotechnology: the European debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brody, Baruch

    2007-06-01

    The European patent system allows for the introduction of moral issues into decisions about the granting of patents. This feature has greatly impacted European debates about the patenting of biotechnology. This essay explores the European experience, in both the European Union and the European Patent Organization. It argues that there has been great confusion surrounding these issues primarily because the Europeans have not developed a general theory about when exclusion from patentability is the best social mechanism for dealing with morally offensive technologies.

  11. Debate interdisciplinar: Arte, ciudad y territorio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Nubiola Orriols

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Arte, Ciudad y Territorio constituyen múltiples conexiones que se superponen entre sí, formando un conjunto indisoluble a la hora de pensar en la URBS y la CIVITAS. Las diferentes disciplinas utilizan uno o varios de estos caminos para abordar la cuestión del espacio urbano y elaborar propuestas que buscan incentivar el pensamiento crítico del ciudadano al mismo tiempo que potencian la cohesión social.

    Para tratar este tema, se organiza el tercer debate Professional URBS que produce una conexión de dos horas a través de videoconferencia entre las ciudades de Barcelona, Ciudad de México, Nancy, Estella y Granada. Se crea así una mesa de debate a la que fueron invitados cuatro expertos con diferentes trayectorias y experiencias en urbanismo, socioconstruccionismo, acciones sociales y teatro urbano. El producto de este debate es el testimonio de un intercambio de conocimiento entre personas y disciplinas muy diferentes entre sí pero con un objetivo común: hallar las claves del espacio público para hacerlo más humano y democrático.

  12. Catholic options in the abortion debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maguire, D C

    1990-01-01

    The little-known Roman Catholic theological doctrine of probabilism, an ethical system explicated in all manuals of moral theology, is explained using as an example the dilemma of abortion. Probabilism is based on the notion that a doubtful moral obligation may not be imposed as though it were certain. "Ubi dubium, ibi libertas," means where there is doubt, there is freedom. There are 2 types of moral probability, intrinsic probability, where the individual, without the help of moral theologians, perceives the inapplicability of a particular moral teaching; and extrinsic probability, which involves reliance on the findings of 5 or 6 reputable moral theologians, who may hold a liberal view. Probabilism implies a reasonable doubt, and one's reasons must be cogent, but not necessarily conclusive. Today's abortion debate is an example of a respectable debate, where the liberal view has been endorsed by a number of reputable religious or other humanitarian bodies that in some cases abortion is not always immoral. Other examples in history are the view once taught by the church that taking interest on loans was immoral, that depriving slaves and women of civil rights on non-Catholics of religious or political freedom was moral. For today's legislators, there is a precedent throughout theological history for the state permitting an evil: both St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas wrote that prostitution, although evil, should not be outlawed, because worse evils would occur with prohibition. Legislators who personally find abortion always immoral can support a Roe V. Wade decision because 1) it does not require anyone to have an abortion, and 2) the abortion debate, among Catholics, and non-Catholics is not settled.

  13. The political debate as public patrimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. José Cisneros Espinosa

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The following article establishes a critique to the prevalent conception of political communication by focusing on the concept of collective democracy, which is drawn from English political theory. This approach, proposed by David Mena PhD., a researcher from Universidad de las Americas, Puebla, in Mexico, is applied here to contrast the concept of political marketing with the notion of communication as a model for political participation through collective decision-making. Finally, in the conclusive section, the author emphasizes two ideas pointed out by Mena: first, the design of political campaigns as education promotion, and second, the notion of the political debate as a public good.

  14. The Animal Rights Debate: Abolition or Regulation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Mepham

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The simple, but quite unusual plan, promised much: two leading academics (Gary Francione and Robert Garner prepared to make their respective cases with conviction and candour, followed by a lively debate between them, during which no stone need be left unturned. In prospect, then, was an opportunity for nuances to be clarified, misunderstandings dispelled and some common ground established. But while it proved to be an enthralling engagement, the apparent inability of one author to concede even an inch of ground to the other’s case meant that the divide between the viewpoints was, regrettably, no narrower at the end than at the beginning. [...

  15. Debate sobre estudios postcoloniales y subalternos

    OpenAIRE

    David Morris; McLean, Ian S.; Hillel Eyal; Ivette Hernández; Richard W. Slata; Betsy Campisi; Jackson, Robert H; William Patterson; Kathryn Lehman; Chad Black; Michelle Molina; Ann Twinam; Dennis Hidalgo

    2001-01-01

    A partir de los comentarios a la reseña elaborada por Ian S. Mclean sobre el libro: Cuerpos incas y el cuerpo de Cristo. El Corpus Christi en Cuzco colonial, Perú, escrito por Carolyn Dean, surge un debate sobre los Estudios Postcoloniales y Subalternos, que se desarrolló entre el 12 de agosto y el 3 de septiembre de 2001, a través de la lista de correo electrónico de H-Latam, grupo de discusión dedicado a la historia latinoamericana. En él participaron destacados especial...

  16. The European debate on governance networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Eva; Torfing, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    for the emergence of the Europe governance debate are analyzed and the notions of ‘governance’ and ‘governance networks’ are critically examined and defined. A brief assessment of the empirical significance of governance networks at different levels of governing is followed by a presentation and comparison...... of the main theories of governance networks that tend to draw on different strands of institutional theory. Finally, the large and expanding research agenda of the new ‘second generation’ of governance network research is revisited before concluding that, despite of the need for further methodological...

  17. Liberal intolerance in European education debates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Tore Vincents

    2016-01-01

    The reaction against non-western immigrants and especially Muslims has been analysed both in terms of an exclusionary civic nationalism and in terms of an assertive liberalism. Similar to exclusionary civic nationalism, assertive liberalism purports to defend liberal democratic principles...... by subdividing it into four categories of liberal intolerance and demonstrates this by analysing six national debates on the accommodation of cultural and religious diversity in education. The analysis indicates that the nature of liberal intolerance understood as the combination of the four categories...

  18. Feministas y feminismos en el II Foro Social Mundial de Porto Alegre Feminists and feminisms in the Second World Social Forum, Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Chejter

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo trata acerca de la presencia feminista en el II Foro Social Mundial, realizado en Porto Alegre, a fines de enero y principio de febrero de 2002. En el marco de los discursos y prácticas de oposición a la globalización neoliberal hegemónica, los movimientos de mujeres y feministas colocaron en el centro del debate diferentes aspectos de la interrelación entre patriarcado y capitalismo desde distintos enfoques y estrategias.The article is about the presence of feminists at the II World Social Forum, organized in Porto Alegre at the end of January and the beginning of February 2002. Among the discurses and practices of oposition to the hegemonic neoliberal globalization, women's and feminist's movements put in the centre of the debate different aspects of the interrelation between patriarchy and capitalism from different points of view and strategies.

  19. The Dewey-Hutchins Debate: A Dispute over Moral Teleology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, James Scott

    2011-01-01

    In this essay, James Scott Johnston claims that a dispute over moral teleology lies at the basis of the debate between John Dewey and Robert M. Hutchins. This debate has very often been cast in terms of perennialism, classicism, or realism versus progressivism, experimentalism, or pragmatism. Unfortunately, casting the debate in these terms…

  20. The Past and Future of Presidential Primary Debates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Kurt; Hellweg, Susan A.

    Studies focusing on televised presidential primary debates include four prespectives. From a historical perspective, televised presidential primary debates have increased slowly from 1956 through 1980. With the 1975 Federal Communications Commission ruling that independently sponsored campaign debates were news events exempt from "equal…

  1. Political Campaign Debating: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Kurt; Hellweg, Susan A.

    This 44-item bibliography, limited to the television era of American politics, is intended to assist teachers of debate, argumentation, and political communication; researchers of campaign debates; and debate sponsors and participants. Scholarly books and monographs; public affairs books, monographs and papers; academic articles and chapters from…

  2. Some Thoughts on Anthony Bruton's Critique of the Correction Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truscott, John

    2010-01-01

    In a recent paper, Anthony Bruton argued that correction receives too much attention and that the debate over it (which he calls "the Truscott debate") is "a rather tedious sterile academic debate" that has harmed the field. He dismissed the case against correction, based on arguments that uncorrected students do not improve, some general…

  3. The Dewey-Hutchins Debate: A Dispute over Moral Teleology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, James Scott

    2011-01-01

    In this essay, James Scott Johnston claims that a dispute over moral teleology lies at the basis of the debate between John Dewey and Robert M. Hutchins. This debate has very often been cast in terms of perennialism, classicism, or realism versus progressivism, experimentalism, or pragmatism. Unfortunately, casting the debate in these terms…

  4. Energy policy: the nuclear in debate; Politique energetique: le nucleaire en debat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deleuze, O. [Secretariat d' Etat Belge a l' Energie et au Developpement Durable (Belgium); Roussely, F. [Electricite de France, EDF, 75 - Paris (France); Dessus, B. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS, 75 - Paris (France); Lauvergeon, A. [Cogema, 78 - Velizy Villacoublay (France); Colombani, P. [CEA, 75 - Paris (France); Revol, H.; Jedliczka, M.; Baupin, D.; Arditi, M.; Fell, H.J

    2000-07-01

    Debates about energy policy for the France: Members of Parliament, the presidents of Electricite de France and Cogema, spokespersons for the ecologists political group, scientists, general administrator of the Cea, member of the Deutsche Bundestag set out their different points of view about the future of nuclear energy. Energy conservation and efficiency, renewable energy sources, carbon dioxide emissions and Kyoto protocol, energy supplies safety, economic points of view are as many points tackled during these debates. If everyone agrees to think that it is necessary to diversify the energy sources, no agreement comes to light about the place of nuclear energy in this diversification. (N.C.)

  5. Dry needling versus acupuncture: the ongoing debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Kehua; Ma, Yan; Brogan, Michael S

    2015-12-01

    Although Western medical acupuncture (WMA) is commonly practised in the UK, a particular approach called dry needling (DN) is becoming increasingly popular in other countries. The legitimacy of the use of DN by conventional non-physician healthcare professionals is questioned by acupuncturists. This article describes the ongoing debate over the practice of DN between physical therapists and acupuncturists, with a particular emphasis on the USA. DN and acupuncture share many similarities but may differ in certain aspects. Currently, little information is available from the literature regarding the relationship between the two needling techniques. Through reviewing their origins, theory, and practice, we found that DN and acupuncture overlap in terms of needling technique with solid filiform needles as well as some fundamental theories. Both WMA and DN are based on modern biomedical understandings of the human body, although DN arguably represents only one subcategory of WMA. The increasing volume of research into needling therapy explains its growing popularity in the musculoskeletal field including sports medicine. To resolve the debate over DN practice, we call for the establishment of a regulatory body to accredit DN courses and a formal, comprehensive educational component and training for healthcare professionals who are not physicians or acupuncturists. Because of the close relationship between DN and acupuncture, collaboration rather than dispute between acupuncturists and other healthcare professionals should be encouraged with respect to education, research, and practice for the benefit of patients with musculoskeletal conditions who require needling therapy.

  6. Genetic advances require comprehensive bioethical debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ten Have, Henk A M J

    2003-10-01

    In the popular media and scientific literature, the idea of medical utopia seems to have been revived. Medical science and technology are expected to provide solutions for all kinds of daily problems in human existence. The utopian context and optimistic atmosphere are influencing deeply the bio-ethical debate concerning bio-molecular technologies. They a priori direct this debate towards individual perspectives, emphasizing the benefits among which an autonomous person can make his or her choice, and towards practical applications the potential beneficial effects of which are almost there. It is argued that the concept of "geneticization" is useful for the analysis of the interrelations between genetics, medicine, society, and culture. This concept focuses on conceptual issues--the use of genetic vocabulary to define problems; institutional issues--the emergence of bio-ethics experts; cultural issues--the transformation of individual and social attitudes under the influence of genetic knowledge and technology; and philosophical issues--changing views of human identity, interpersonal relationships, and individual responsibility.

  7. Debates about assisted suicide in Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkhardt, Sandra; La Harpe, Romano

    2012-12-01

    Assisted suicide is allowed in 3 states of the United States (Oregon, Washington, Montana) but only if performed by a physician.On the opposite, in Switzerland, at the beginning of the 20th century, the Swiss Penal Code referred to assisted suicide in the context of honor or an unhappy love affair. It was only in 1985 that Exit Deutsche Schweiz (Exit for German-speaking Switzerland) "medically" assisted the first patient to end his life.Even if authorized by the Swiss law upon certain conditions, assisted suicide is subject to debates for ethical reasons. The Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences described directives to guide physicians on this difficult subject.Different studies showed an increase in the number of medical-assisted suicide in Switzerland since the 1990s. Now, this number seems to be quite stable. Assisted suicide is authorized in a few hospitals under strict conditions (especially when returning home is impossible).Thus, according to the Swiss law, any person could perform assisted suicide; this is essentially performed by 3 main associations, using pentobarbital on medical prescription as lethal substance.Generally speaking, the Swiss population is rather in favor of assisted suicide. Among politics, the debate has been tough until 2010, when the Federal Council decided not to modify the Swiss Penal Code concerning assisted suicide.

  8. Make your point! debate for ESL/EFL students

    CERN Document Server

    Lubetsky, Michael H

    2014-01-01

    This valuable workbook and downloadable audio can turn any ESL student into an accomplished debater!Make Your Point! opens the world of formal debate to the English learner. Debate fundamentals are taught form the first chapter in a student-centered format suitable for large and small classes alike.Each of the ten chapters offers a ""language focus"" and a ""debatable focus."" As students learn new debate skills, they also build important language skills. All task chains integrate speaking, listening, reading and writing activities. Most activities are intended for pairs and small groups.

  9. Debate on energy an other policy is possible; Debat energie une autre politique est possible

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laponche, B.; Dessus, B. [Association Global Chance, 92 - Suresnes (France); Deleuze, O. [Secretaire d' Etat a l' Energie et au Developpement Durable (Belgium); Couturier, C.; Jedliczka, M.; Salomon, T.; Sidler, O.; Fristot, V. [Association NegaWatt (France); Radanne, P. [Agence de l' Environnement et de la Maitrise de l' Energie, ADEME, 75 - Paris (France)

    2003-09-01

    A debate on energy policy in France and more generally in Europe is made in this issue. Nuclear power, energy efficiency, evolution of the transportation sector, the energy demand, the carbon emissions are such points to be studied and discussed. (N.C.)

  10. Sistemas electorales y justicia electoral a debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Nohlen

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Despliega conceptos y planteamientos en torno a los sistemas electorales y la justicia electoral. El autor inicia con una descripción estricta de los sistemas electorales para orientar, en una segunda parte, un debate sobre la justicia electoral, que marca dos tendencias: la judicialización de la política y la politización de la administración y la jurisdicción electoral. Concluye que el desarrollo de la justicia electoral en América Latina, en sus múltiples dimensiones, es comprensible sólo con referencia al contexto sociocultural y político de la región

  11. [A Parliament debate regarding a scientific study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervino, Marco; Mangia, Cristina; Gianicolo, Emilio Antonio Luca

    2015-01-01

    Publishing studies on the relationship between health and pollution provokes reactions and interest in the public opinion involved, the highest national institutions included. This commentary, aroused by a parliamentary debate, which also concerned one of our recent scientific papers published on Environmental Research about the association between congenital anomalies and maternal exposure to atmospheric pollutants in Brindisi (Apulia Region, Southern Italy), aims at contributing to reply the following questions: the type and quality of the data used in the estimates of exposure must be certified by institutional bodies? Adverse health effects in people exposed to pollutants at levels below the law limits can be excluded? Finally, we draw some remarks on measures to protect public health and on the relationship between the work of the researchers of public institutes and administrations.

  12. Rethinking the Secular in Feminist Marriage Debates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada S. Jaarsma

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The religious right often aligns its patriarchal opposition to same-sex marriage with the defence of religious freedom. In this article, I identify resources for confronting such prejudicial religiosity by surveying two predominant feminist approaches to same-sex marriage that are often assumed to be at odds: discourse ethics and queer critical theory. This comparative analysis opens to view commitments that may not be fully recognizable from within either feminist framework: commitments to ideals of selfhood, to specific conceptions of justice, and to particular definitions of secularism. I conclude by examining the "postsecular" turn in feminism, suggesting that we can see the same-sex marriage debate not in terms of an impasse between differing feminist approaches, but in terms of shared existential and ethical affinities. 

  13. Rethinking the Secular in Feminist Marriage Debates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada S. Jaarsma

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The religious right often aligns its patriarchal opposition to same-sex marriage with the defence of religious freedom. In this article, I identify resources for confronting such prejudicial religiosity by surveying two predominant feminist approaches to same-sex marriage that are often assumed to be at odds: discourse ethics and queer critical theory. This comparative analysis opens to view commitments that may not be fully recognizable from within either feminist framework: commitments to ideals of selfhood, to specific conceptions of justice, and to particular definitions of secularism. I conclude by examining the "postsecular" turn in feminism, suggesting that we can see the same-sex marriage debate not in terms of an impasse between differing feminist approaches, but in terms of shared existential and ethical affinities.

     

  14. The debate over robotics in benign gynecology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rardin, Charles R

    2014-05-01

    The debate over the role of the da Vinci surgical robotic platform in benign gynecology is raging with increasing fervor and, as product liability issues arise, greater financial stakes. Although the best currently available science suggests that, in the hands of experts, robotics offers little in surgical advantage over laparoscopy, at increased expense, the observed decrease in laparotomy for hysterectomy is almost certainly, at least in part, attributable to the availability of the robot. In this author's opinion, the issue is not whether the robot has any role but rather to define the role in an institutional environment that also supports the safe use of vaginal and laparoscopic approaches in an integrated minimally invasive surgery program. Programs engaging robotic surgery should have a clear and self-determined regulatory process and should resist pressures in place that may preferentially support robotics over other forms of minimally invasive surgery.

  15. [Drug use in the public health debate].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tirado-Otálvaro, Andrés Felipe

    2016-07-21

    This article addresses illegal drug use within the current debate in traditional public health and in proposals from Latin America, while emphasizing the need to approach the issue from an alternative public health perspective centered on individual users, groups, and social movements as protagonists. This counterhegemonic approach thus aims to orient the discussion on the need for inclusive and democratic public policies. Illegal drug use has been addressed from various perspectives: clinical medicine, viewing it as a problem that generates mental disorders and infectious diseases, both through risky sexual practices and/or use of injecting paraphernalia; from a legal perspective, as a problem related to delinquency; and according to traditional public health, as a problem that generates school dropout and work absenteeism and increases the demand on health services, in addition to increasing violence and death. However, not all forms of drug consumption involve problematic use, nor do they all trigger disorders related to substance use.

  16. The great brain versus vein debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon, Ravi S

    2012-08-15

    From the earliest fMRI experiments, it was quickly appreciated by those working with BOLD at high field that the signal change originated from visible veins whose spatial localization was relatively coarse ("the macrovasculature"), and smaller vessels ("the microvasculature") that were not individually visible in BOLD images. It was expected that a functional brain imaging technique that was predominantly sensitive to the macrovasculature would not have the same effective resolution as one sensitive to the microvasculature. Elimination of the venous signal and enhancement of the microvascular one offered the tantalizing ability to image columnar and lamellar structures in the brain and distinguished fMRI from its predecessor techniques. This article reviews a brief history of how these signal sources were first identified and separated and some of the controversy associated with the "brain versus vein" debate.

  17. [Mammogram screening: an on-going debate].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Vivar, Cristina

    2005-04-01

    General public mamma-gram screening programs directed at women aged from 50 to 65 years are a common practice in Spain and other European countries. After more than ten years being recognized as early detection programs for breast cancer A debate has opened about the effectiveness of mamma-gram screening to reduce the number of deaths due to this type of tumor. The author includes a wide bibliography and various data bases such as MEDLINE: 1989-2003, CANCERLIT: 1975-2002, CINAHL: 1982-2003, and EMBASE: 1988-2003; and realizes it is not simple to justify mamma-gram screening since there is a great diversity of opinion in medical literature.

  18. Influence of media on collective debates

    CERN Document Server

    Quattrociocchi, Walter; Scala, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    The information system (T.V., newspapers, blogs, social network platforms) and its inner dynamics play a fundamental role on the evolution of collective debates and thus on the public opinion. In this work we address such a process focusing on how the current inner strategies of the information system (competition, customer satisfaction) once combined with the gossip may affect the opinions dynamics. A reinforcement effect is particularly evident in the social network platforms where several and incompatible cultures coexist (e.g, pro or against the existence of chemical trails and reptilians, the new world order conspiracy and so forth). We introduce a computational model of opinion dynamics which accounts for the coexistence of media and gossip as separated but interdependent mechanisms influencing the opinions evolution. Individuals may change their opinions under the contemporary pressure of the information supplied by the media and the opinions of their social contacts. We stress the effect of the media ...

  19. Power-sharing: concepts, debates and gaps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre de Sousa Carvalho

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Academic literature tends to reflect the two main objectives of power-sharing: promoting the construction of sustainable peace and serving to structure the foundations for growth and development of democracy in divided societies. reflecting this, two dimensions and discourses of analysis and evaluation stand out: a classical dimension centred on power-sharing as theory and a normative proposal for democracy in divided societies, and another focused mainly on power-sharing as a meachanism of conflict management. This article aims to introduce the reader to discussions about power-sharing, reviewing and critically analysing power-sharing literature to show its gaps and tensions, as well as suggesting some points where one can continue the debate.

  20. The many possibilities of debating German heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Nike van Dam

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This review discusses the volume Debating German Heritage, a special issue of the journal Kunstiteaduslikke Uurimusi. This issue focuses heritage and art historical knowledge production in relation to nationalism, containing an introduction and six essays on a variety of subjects related to this main theme. The essays each approach heritage practices in the nineteenth century from different a perspective, ranging from canon formation to heritage preservation efforts at theatres of war. This review takes a closer look at each of the essays and studies the main contribution of the volume to the field of art history and heritage scholarship. Overall, this special issue offers interesting insights in the relationship between the dynamics of heritage preservation, art historical scholarship and nationalism from the point of view of Eastern and Central European scholarship with a ‘German connection’. In all, the essays are invariably well researched, often innovative in their approach and pleasant to read.

  1. Antarctic “quiet” site stirs debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simarski, Lynn Teo

    Geophysicists from the United States and New Zealand plan to meet in the coming months to assess the electromagnetic pollution of an Antarctic site especially designated for research. U.S. scientists charge that a satellite Earth station erected apparently inside the preserve by New Zealand's Telecom company could interfere with experiments on the ionosphere and magnetosphere (Eos, April 28, 1992). The Site of Special Scientific Interest at Arrival Heights, the only Antarctic preserve specifically for physical science, is located near the U.S. McMurdo and New Zealand Scott bases.Debate over the Telecom facility inter-twines diplomatic and scientific issues. One question is whether the station violates the Antarctic treaty. Secondly, does it actually impair research at the site—or could it harm future experiments? To deepen the imbroglio, those involved from both nations say that transmissions from sources off-site also interfere with research—raising doubts about how pristine the site really is.

  2. Similarity Arguments in the Genetic Modification Debate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Andreas

    2017-01-01

    In the ethical debate on genetic modification (GM), it is common to encounter the claim that some anti-GM argument would also apply an established, ethically accepted technology, and that the anti-GM argument is therefore unsuccessful. The paper discusses whether this argumentative strategy...... transferability of reasons from one case to another; and (iii) it runs the risk of equivocations, especially in cases where the anti-genetic-modification argument relies on gradable features. The paper then shows how these issues play out in three specific Similarity Arguments that can be found in the literature....... Finally, the paper discusses what conclusions we can draw from the fact that genetic modification and established technologies are similar for the ethical status of genetic modification....

  3. The ethics of algorithms: Mapping the debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brent Daniel Mittelstadt

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In information societies, operations, decisions and choices previously left to humans are increasingly delegated to algorithms, which may advise, if not decide, about how data should be interpreted and what actions should be taken as a result. More and more often, algorithms mediate social processes, business transactions, governmental decisions, and how we perceive, understand, and interact among ourselves and with the environment. Gaps between the design and operation of algorithms and our understanding of their ethical implications can have severe consequences affecting individuals as well as groups and whole societies. This paper makes three contributions to clarify the ethical importance of algorithmic mediation. It provides a prescriptive map to organise the debate. It reviews the current discussion of ethical aspects of algorithms. And it assesses the available literature in order to identify areas requiring further work to develop the ethics of algorithms.

  4. The GM foods debate in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scholderer, Joachim

    2005-01-01

    The debate on genetically modified (GM) foods has been led on multiple levels in Europe, including such diverse frames of reference as economic policy and international trade, environmental risk, bioethics, consumer protection and food safety. The shifting frames of reference are traced over...... the past three decades, focusing on events leading up to the five year quasi-moratorium on GM foods and its final lifting in 2004. While regulatory problems have been resolved, commercial actors in the food chain have done little to prepare themselves for the actual marketing of GM foods to European...... consumers. Relevant consumer research is reviewed, and a potential way forward for commercial actors is outlined. It is concluded that the conceptualization of GM foods should be turned back on its feet, understanding them as foods and not just as embodiments of technology....

  5. A Revista Estudos Feministas faz 10 anos: uma breve história do feminismo no Brasil Revista Estudos Feministas is ten years old: a brief history of feminism in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Pillar Grossi

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é uma versão da trajetória da Revista Estudos Feministas em sua primeira fase na UFSC (1999/2002. O artigo está subdivido em três partes: na primeira é feita uma rápida revisão da literatura sobre o feminismo e os estudos de gênero no Brasil, na segunda é relatada a transferência da Revista Estudos Feministas do Rio de Janeiro para Santa Catarina e na terceira é feita uma reflexão sobre o papel desta revista acadêmica no diálogo com o movimento e com campo de estudos de gênero, feminista e de estudos sobre mulher no Brasil.This article is a report on the activities of Revista Estudos Feministas during its first phase at UFSC (1999-2002. It is divided into three parts: the first presents a brief review of literature about feminism and gender studies in Brazil; the second covers the move of Estudos Feministas from Rio de Janeiro to Santa Catarina, and the third presents some considerations on the role of this periodical in relation to the movement and to the field of gender, feminist and women's studies in Brazil.

  6. Inclusão/exclusão das mulheres imigrantes nos cuidados de saúde em Portugal: reflexão à luz do feminismo crítico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Topa, Joana Bessa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O processo migratório pode constituir um factor de risco para a saúde, podendo acarretar uma maior vulnerabilidade em relação a problemas de saúde em geral (Carballo et al. , 1998 e de saúde mental em particular, devido não só à dureza do processo migratório (Carta et al. , 2005, mas também à exposição quotidiana a formas de discriminação (in Pusseti, Ferreira, Lechner & Santinho, 2009. Se existe um elevado desconhecimento do acesso efectivo dos/as imigrantes aos cuidados de saúde (Fonseca, Silva, Esteves & McGarrigle, 2009 mais acentuado é no que se concerne à mulher imigrante. Esta apresentação pretende evidenciar e reflectir sobre a necessidade dos países de acolhimento desenvolverem políticas a nível dos serviços de saúde, à luz dos feminismos, tendo em conta o estatuto de mulher e imigrante. Trata-se uma reflexão teórica sobre o tema que está a ser trabalhado empiricamente no âmbito de um doutoramento em Psicologia Social

  7. Die teologiese debat: Die waarde of betekenis daarvan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D. Pont

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available The theological debate: Its value and significance With negotiation and debate being the buzz-words of our day, it is of some value to explore, even if only superficially, the structure and tendency of the theological debate in the history of the church. In the theological debate the cardinal issue is the Word of God which determines the word of man. In this light the theological debate can be distinguished as both an internal debate within the church arid an external debate with those outside the church. The substance of the debate is determined largely by the question of the content and significance of the Word of God Since the Word of God is an absolute norm, the theological debate tends to become a statement and, in many cases, does not develop iruo an exchange of ideas or points of view. The theological debate, with its apologetic, explanatory and didactic elements, is however a necessary element in church life. Within its limits it can be a stimulating expression of the faith of the church.

  8. Role-Playing in a Vaccination Debate Strengthens Student Scientific Debate Skills for Various Audiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianne Souza

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Students are surrounded by strongly-held viewpoints on scientific topics and frequently discuss news reports with their classmates. We developed the vaccination debate exercise to leverage this interest and develop core higher-order cognitive skills (HOCS, including, but not limited to, the ability to critique public media or primary research sources and create arguments for defending multiple viewpoints. Students prepared to debate different sides of the topic and then randomly assumed one of the roles: “Physician” (pro-vaccine, “Activist” (anti-vaccination, or “Parent-on-the-fence” (undecided. Students reported an increase in their abilities to discuss scientific topics with diverse audiences and an increased awareness of importance of examining Internet sources for credibility.

  9. Tendencias y debates actuales en el periodismo digital/Current trends and debates in digital journalism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mario Morales

    2005-01-01

    ... clave: Periodismo digital, prácticas periodísticas, rutinas periodísticas. Recepción: 19 de septiembre de 2005 Aceptación: 10 de noviembre de 2005 Current trends and debates in digital journalism The Internet has come to change everything. Journalism has not been the same since the network boom. This article looks at the appreciable changes tha...

  10. Quantum mechanics interpretation: scalled debate; La interpretacion de la teoria cuantica: un debate permanente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Gomez, J. L.

    2000-07-01

    This paper discusses the two main issues of the so called quantum debate, that started in 1927 with the famous Bohr-Einstein controversy; namely non-separability and the projection postulate. Relevant interpretations and formulations of quantum mechanics are critically analyzed in the light of the said issues. The treatment is focused chiefly on fundamental points, so that technical ones are practically not dealt with here. (Author) 20 refs.

  11. Dobzhansky and Montagu's Debate on Race: The Aftermath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farber, Paul Lawrence

    2016-12-01

    Dobzhansky and Montagu debated the use and validity of the term "race" over a period of decades. They failed to reach an agreement, and the "debate" has continued to the present. The ms contains an account of the debate to the present. This essay is part of a Special Issue, Revisiting Garland Allen's Views on the History of the Life Sciences in the Twentieth Century.

  12. Uetisk kampagne eller åben debat?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærbeck, Susanne; Nielsen, Niels Møller

    2016-01-01

    konkurrencen, skulle udgøre et informeret grundlag for en sådan åben debat. I denne artikel går vi tæt på teksterne og identificerer nogle konkrete træk som kan forklare hvorfor mange helt intuitivt ryger op af stolene over flyfabrikantens annoncer. Der er tale om træk i teksterne som ikke harmonerer med vores...... ”nu er tiden kommet, hvor politikerne skal vælge hvilket fly det skal være” og ”det er vigtigt at debatten foregår på et oplyst grundlag” (fra www.superhornet.dk) Det lyder jo umiddelbart meget tilforladeligt. Alligevel er der noget der skurrer. Der er tale om et misforhold mellem vores forventninger...... mediekonglomerater er økonomiske sværvægtere med åbenlyse økonomisk-politiske særinteresser og afhængighed af annonceindtægter, så forstår de sig selv som ”demokratiets vogter”. Selv om politiske beslutningsprocesser reelt foregår i et sammensurium af strategiske studehandler og under massiv påvirkning fra...

  13. Refortalecimiento: Un Debate con el Empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Vázquez Rivera

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Mi intención, en este artículo, es problematizar lo que llamo el proceso de compra de conceptos y con él las dificultades implícitas en toda traducción. Explorar las limitaciones de la noción de empowerment en su conceptualización y práctica y finalmente proponer una estrategia alterna, que he dado en llamar refortalecimiento. Esta noción nace desde nuestro contexto cultural, histórico, psicológico, social y comunitario. Las circunstancias históricas que bordean la reflexión que propongo ante su consideración tienen como marco de referencia los debates al interior de la Psicología Social Comunitaria, la condición colonial en la que aún se encuentra nuestro país, las tensiones existentes respecto al consumo y producción del conocimiento y un contrapunteo con la noción de empowerment.

  14. Debate sobre estudios postcoloniales y subalternos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Morris

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de los comentarios a la reseña elaborada por Ian S. Mclean sobre el libro: Cuerpos incas y el cuerpo de Cristo. El Corpus Christi en Cuzco colonial, Perú, escrito por Carolyn Dean, surge un debate sobre los Estudios Postcoloniales y Subalternos, que se desarrolló entre el 12 de agosto y el 3 de septiembre de 2001, a través de la lista de correo electrónico de H-Latam, grupo de discusión dedicado a la historia latinoamericana. En él participaron destacados especialistas en el tema, quienes analizaron, entre otras cuestiones, el uso de la jerga y las formas de escritura, la novedad de sus planteamientos, sus influencias filosóficas y epistemológicas, su pretensión de captar el punto de vista de los vencidos y subordinados, la pertinencia de unas ideas originalmente desarrolladas para el estudio del colonialismo inglés y luego aplicadas al colonialismo español en América Latina.

  15. The conscientious objection: debate on emergency contraception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montanari Vergallo, G; Zaami, S; Di Luca, N M; Marinelli, E

    2017-01-01

    The authors discuss the emergency contraception (EC) topic, assessing scientific and ethical aspects. The almost totality of the studies carried out tends to report on the use of drugs as an emergency measure to prevent pregnancy. However, it is not yet completely excluded that emergency contraceptives can induce medical abortion. The debate on side effects of EC continues to be a highly emotional and controversial issue both for advocates who believe they will lower considerably the number of unintended pregnancies and abortions, and for opponents who believe that using emergency contraception amounts to an abortion. This latter hypothesis highlights the conflicting aspect of the conscientious objection to abortion of physicians and pharmacists. This research work is aimed at investigating the emergency contraception issue, paying particular attention to the medico-legal and regulatory aspects of this subject. Particularly, the authors focus on the conscientious objection in order to assess, if any, legal protection for physicians and pharmacists who claim a right to conscientious objection. Inappropriate use of EC could be resolved through a registry of user. This registry, of course, would not have the intention of persecution, but would only serve to detect possible cases of subjugation, exploitation and harassment.

  16. Factorial complexity and Morally Debatable Behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grimaldo Muchotrigo, Mirian P.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently, from the scientific and professional practice point of view, comes out the necessity to know more about moral permissiveness, as it seems to be an increase in “moral relativism”.. Because it, it this is important to have tools to collect valid and reliable information about moral in social situations defined as social and personal behavior issue. This paper presents a technical note of The Morally Debatable Behaviors Scale (MDBS from Harding & Phillips (1986, which was developed in USA and mainly focused on young people and adults. This technical note makes direct reference to a recent Latin American study (Merino & Grimaldo, 2010; this article focuses on the internal structure and the problems associated with evidences of factorial complexity among items of the MDBS. This means that the interpretation of scores is not factorially simple and could not be achieved by a conceptual distinction between the latent constructs applied to the study sample.. The results in the previous study of the factorial complexity leads the researcher to decide whether an instrument for measuring this aspect may contain a reasonable amount of complexity that is consistent with what is in reality, or look for the unidimensional and simple structure.

  17. Policy Debate | Education and Employment Mismatch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona Mourshed

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Editor’s note: These papers are contributions to the ‘Policy Debate’ section of International Development Policy. In this section, academics, policy-makers and practioners engage in a dialogue on global development challenges. Papers are copy-edited but not peer-reviewed. Instead, the initial thematic contribution is followed by critical comments and reactions from scholars and/or policy-makers.Authored by McKinsey’s research team, the initial paper addresses the Education to Employment challenge. It is based on McKinsey’s study, which looked at skill development in 25 different countries and investigated education-to-employment initiatives. The authors claim that the most successful efforts are those where different stakeholders interact intensively and frequently. Employers need to get involved in education, and educators should play a bigger role in employment.The paper is followed by critical comments by two authors, Beatriz Cardoso, Executive Director of Laboratório de Educação, Brazil, and Shailaja Fennell lecturer at the Centre of Development Studies, University of Cambridge, UK.This debate can be pursued on the Journal’s blog http://devpol.hypotheses.org/423.

  18. Shaping AGU's contributions to policy debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, M. Granger; Patwardhan, Anand

    In their Forum piece in the April 9 issue of Eos, Kaula and Anderson paint an unrealistically stark choice for the roles AGU might play in policy debates that substantially involve geophysical science. On the one hand is the antiseptic model of AGU-above-the-policy-fray: the aloof provider of geophysical facts from the literature. On the other hand is the model of AGU-as-policy-advocate: blending geophysical knowledge with value judgements in order to argue for specific policy actions in the political trenches. The problem with the first model is that the form assumed by most geophysical facts in the literature is rather distant from the needs of policy makers. Thus, the facts are easily overlooked in the face of pressing short-term political agendas. The problem with the second model is that AGU is a professional society comprised of scientists who hold many different value orientations. Any particular set of values adopted in a piece of political advocacy is likely to be at odds with many AGU members.

  19. A Liberdade como tema: um debate italiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rego Walquiria D. Leão

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho rememora e analisa os termos e as categorias mobilizadas no debate teórico e político, sobre a questão da liberdade, realizado entre liberais-socialistas e comunistas italianos ocorrido nos anos vinte e trinta do século XX. De certo modo, a polêmica esteve presente na fundação mesma do Partido Comunista Italiano, através das reflexões teóricas e da colaboração estreita existente entre o liberal, Piero Gobetti e o marxista, Antonio Gramsci. O diálogo acompanhou a vida do PCI nos mais diversos momentos de sua história, tanto nos momentos de compartilhamento cívico, como o da luta antifascista e a organização da resistência, como nos tempos de reconstrução da Itália nos anos de 1950. Polemizaram assim, pelo lado liberal socialista, Norberto Bobbio, e pelo comunista, o então secretário geral do P.C.I., Palmiro Togliatti.

  20. Urbanismo e antiurbanismo no debate nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CANDIDO MALTA CAMPOS

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available resumo Este trabalho aponta aspectos do debate em torno da construção da nação e da nacionalidade brasileiras, ao longo das primeiras décadas do século XX, na medida em que tais discussões envolvem temas relacionados ao urbanismo enquanto princípio e ao papel das cidades no país que se pretendia construir. Naquele momento, urbanismo se opunha a ruralismo, agrarismo e outras correntes de pensamento que viam com maus olhos os grandes centros urbanos. De maneira geral, as posições ideológicas em pauta na época debatiam-se entre termos contraditórios: de um lado, a aspiração do moderno, com suas referências urbanas, europeias e norte-americanas; de outro, a busca do caráter nacional brasileiro, em que predominariam elementos tradicionais e rurais. Urbanismo e antiurbanismo são elementos que podem ilustrar tais dilemas, evidenciando limites ideológicos presentes no momento da introdução da urbanística moderna no Brasil.

  1. Linus Pauling and the scientific debate over fallout hazards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolly, J Christopher

    2002-12-01

    From 1954 to 1963, numerous scientists engaged in a public debate over the possible hazards from radioactive fallout from nuclear weapons testing. Nobel laureate Linus Pauling, a California Institute of Technology chemist, was one of the most prominent. His scientific papers relating to the fallout debate reveal many of the scientific, social and political issues involved in the controversy. Although the public controversy ended after the signing of the 1963 Limited Test Ban Treaty, many of the scientific questions about the possible hazards of low-level radiation remain under debate within the scientific community. Moreover, the fallout debate was a prototype of current controversies over environmental and public-health hazards.

  2. Islamic fashion, media debates and styles of interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Connie Carøe

    and at the same time to match an Islamic moral code or aesthetics. In a Danish context, I argue, these disagreements have a bearing on strategies of Muslim women in terms of relations vis-à-vis the non-Muslim majority population. The debate among Muslims is seconded by a media debate on Islam and again like...... elsewhere it is highly politicized Since the 1990‟s Muslim women‟s headscarf - or hijab - has constantly reappeared as an issue of the on-going media debates, but the properties of the hijab (headscarf) as a consumer item (Navaro-Yashin 2004, Sandikci & Ger 2007) have escaped these debates. Instead various...

  3. ¿Están convergiendo los partidos políticos en México? Papel del Estado y modelo de desarrollo en los documentos básicos del Partido Revolucionario Institucional, del Partido Acción Nacional y del Partido de la Revolución Democrática (1929-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Iván Johanson Mondragón

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo, se analiza la evolución de las posiciones de los principales partidos políticos mexicanos (Partido Revolucionario Institucional, Partido Acción Nacional y Partido de la Revolución Democrática en dos temas clave de la política económica, el papel del Estado en la economía y el modelo de desarrollo propuesto. Se toma como base del análisis los documentos básicos (Declaración de principios y Programa de acción y, en menor medida, las plataformas electorales de los partidos aludidos. El estudio identifica no uno, sino tres patrones de convergencia,el primero se da entre el PRI y el PAN durante las décadas de 1960 y 1970, el segundo ocurre durante las décadas de 1980 y 1990 y concierne, en un primer momento, al PRI y al PAN y, a partir de 1990, al PRD, el tercero se da entre los tres partidos, durante la última década.

  4. Las tecnologías de la información desde el punto de vista de género: posturas y propuestas desde el feminismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanz González, Verónica

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The enormous development that computer and communication technologies have experienced during last decades has caused several ethical problems and theoretical debates. However, a gender perspective has not been traditionally included in these researches. Some of the first feminist analyses about digital technologies have emerged within STS, being much scarce in the discipline of Computer Ethics. In this paper I will briefly expose some of these analysis, and will argue for the importance of the gender perspective for an appropriate understanding of this phenomenon, both regarding technology and society relation and in relation to the ethical problems which are the concern of Computer Ethics.

    El enorme desarrollo que en las últimas décadas han experimentado las tecnologías de la computación y las comunicaciones ha provocado diversos debates teóricos y dilemas éticos entre los que la perspectiva de género ha permanecido tradicionalmente ausente. Algunos análisis feministas sobre tecnologías digitales han surgido dentro de la corriente CTS, siendo mucho más escasos en el ámbito de la ética computacional En este trabajo expondremos la historia de la perspectiva de género en los estudios sobre tecnologías computacionales, y mostraremos la pertinencia y la importancia de esta perspectiva para una adecuada comprensión del fenómeno, tanto desde el punto de vista de la relación entre tecnología y sociedad, como de los problemas éticos de los que se ocupa la ética computacional.

  5. Lowest Price Technically Acceptable: Why All the Debate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    contracting missions. Lowest Price Technically Acceptable Why All the Debate ? Scott R. Calisti Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188...00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Lowest Price Technically Acceptable: Why All the Debate ? 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM

  6. Muslim dress and the head-scarf debate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moors, A.; Skov, L.

    2010-01-01

    Debates about the presence of students wearing head scarves in public schools in West Europe started in the late 1980s; about a decade later, the employment of women wearing head scarves also became the focus of attention. These debates need to be seen within a context in which a new generation of M

  7. Muslim dress and the head-scarf debate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moors, A.; Skov, L.

    2010-01-01

    Debates about the presence of students wearing head scarves in public schools in West Europe started in the late 1980s; about a decade later, the employment of women wearing head scarves also became the focus of attention. These debates need to be seen within a context in which a new generation of

  8. The College Access Debate: Class Considerations and College Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodgman, Matthew R.

    2013-01-01

    The college access debate in America remains an important one. Affirmative action policies and practices continue to occupy a significant sub-component of the overall college access discussion. Recent legal debates and policy changes pertaining to affirmative action have encouraged analysis surrounding the overall viability and fairness of these…

  9. Debating the Future: A Social Security Political Leadership Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rackaway, Chapman; Goertzen, Brent J.

    2008-01-01

    Students are well served by course simulations that employ active learning styles and student-driven interaction. For debate on political issues, particular public policies are quite effective in stimulating that discussion. We developed an in-class simulation of political debate on the issue of Social Security. We describe the simulation itself,…

  10. Revisiting the Seeming Unanimous Verdict on the Great Debate on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    The great debate on African Philosophy refers to the debate as to whether ... aroused a great deal of interest among philosophers, some of who are of African origin .... thought-pattern of a people and which addresses fundamental issues about the .... about man, or about the universe (whatever form this reflection may take) ...

  11. Motivating a Productive Discussion of Normative Issues through Debates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennessey, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author presents a way of using in-class debates to discuss contentious issues and help students develop critical thinking skills. Three elements were incorporated into an undergraduate public finance course: a presentation of ethical approaches in order to formally discuss normative issues, class debates which required…

  12. Tracing the French Policy PISA Debate: A Policy Configuration Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pons, Xavier

    2016-01-01

    This article traces the evolution of the French policy PISA debate from 2001 to 2014 by analysing the results of two original qualitative researches. Theoretically, this debate is the outcome of specific policy configurations, which predetermine its scope, content and effectiveness. These configurations are themselves described through their…

  13. Debates sobre teoría del capital On some debates in capital theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sen Amartya

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available En este articulo, Amartya Sen pone en escena una de las discusiones mas candentes en el debate económico de los años sesenta y setenta -la controversia de la teoría de capital entre las escuelas de Cambridge, la inglesa y la norteamericana- a traves de dos personajes: Euda y Subhuti, este ultimo un antiguo discípulo suyo que debido a algunos deslices debe reencarnar como economista en el siglo XX. La pieza esta llena de humor e ironía y, también, de agudas observaciones sobre este debate. Joan Robinson, (1954 abrio la discusión cuando pregunto como se media el capital en funcion de de producción agregada neoclásica. Sraffa (1960 mostro que la medida de capital no es independiente de la distribución y de los precios, y Garegnani (1970, que una funcion neoclasica bien comportada descansa en supuestos y restricciones demasiado exigentes e irreales. Sen , a traves de Buda, recomienda a su discípulo: "oh, Subhuti, no gastes tu vida en un problema que qiza sea trivial".In this article, Amartya Sen dramatizes one of the most heated discussions in the economic debates of the sixties and seventies the controversy over the theory of capital between the Cambridge schools of England and America- by means of two characters: Buddha and Subhuti, the latter an old disciple who, owing to some slips, must reincarnate as an economist in the twentieth century. The piece is full of humor and irony, as well as sharp observations about this debate. Joan Robinson (1954 opened the deba te when she asked how capital was measured in the neoclassical aggregated production function. Sraffa (1960 showed that the measurement of capital is not independent from the distribution of prices, and Garegnani (1970 showed that a well behaved neoclassical production function rests upon assumptions and restrictions that are too demanding and unreal. Sen, through Buddha, recommends to his disciple: "Do not spend your life, oh Subhuti, on a problem that may be trivial.

  14. The nuclear debate: ethics versus effectiveness; Morale et efficacite dans le debat nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambert, D

    2009-04-15

    Following some political maneuvering, a new debate on the future of nuclear deterrence is about to resurface. And a first deadline has been set by the need to restore the strategic balance between the United States and Russia before the START Treaty ends on 5 December 2009, as well as by preparation for the next NPT Review Conference. Perception of the main threat has changed, but so have concepts of deterrence. Far from outmoded, deterrence forms part of a broader vision in which realism has the edge over idealism. (author)

  15. Mercantilização, proteção social e emancipação: as ambivalências do feminismo na crise do capitalismo Marketization, social protection and emancipation: ambivalences of feminism in the capitalist crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Fraser

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Esse capítulo apresenta reflexões sobre as perspectivas do feminismo no quadro da crise atual do capitalismo neoliberal. Ele se baseia nas teorias de Karl Polanyi queexplicaram o processo histórico da crise pelo conflito central entre dois eixos - aquele da mercantilização e aquele da proteção social. Entretanto, Polanyi ocultou as formas de injustiça que não estão presentes no mercado e tinha uma tendência a absolver as formas de proteção social que são vetores de dominação. Esse capítulo amplia as análises do conflito entre mercantilização e proteção social integrando à analise um terceiro eixo, a emancipação, através da qual passa todo o conflito. A introdução desse terceiro elemento faltante transforma o movimento duplo em um triplo, formando o coração de uma perspectiva quase polanyiana e suscetível de explicar a crise do século XXI. O capítulo tem, primeiramente, a função de construir essa nova perspectiva e utilizá-la em um segundo momento para a análise das apostas na emancipação da hierarquia de gênero. O movimento triplo, assim constituído, permite superar as ambivalências do feminismo, já que suas reflexões foram com frequência instrumentalizadas pelo neoliberalismo triunfante. A reapropriação de uma proteção social definida por objetivos democráticos, logo participativos, não hierárquicos e não opressivos, abre ainda a possibilidade de definição de uma nova política feminista.This article is a reflection on the perspectives of feminism in the context of the current crisis of neoliberal capitalism. It is based on the theories of Karl Polanyi that explained the historical process of the crises as a result of the conflict between two elements - marketization and social protection. However, Polanyi Kept out of sight forms of injustice that are not present in the market. He also had the tendency to excuse the social protection as an instrument of domination. This article takes a

  16. Gloria Anzaldúa, a consciência mestiça e o "feminismo da diferença" Gloria Anzaldúa, mestiza consciousness, and "feminism of difference"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia de Lima Costa

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo situa a contribuição fundamental de Gloria Anzaldúa sobre a consciência mestiça na história do feminismo, enfocando sua perspectiva epistemológica da diferença interseccional na articulação de uma política de coalizão contra a exclusão da alteridade dos lugares privilegiados da construção da modernidade. Ancorando-se nas reflexões acad��micas sobre os escritos de Anzaldúa, as autoras destacam as maneiras pelas quais a teoria da identidade mestiça de Anzaldúa está antecipando não apenas críticas aos conceitos de sujeito, diferença e modernidade, mas também aquelas que enfatizam as distinções entre versões capitalistas e versões críticas do hibridismo cultural.This article situates Gloria Anzaldúa's influential "La Conciencia de la mestiza / Towards a New Consciousness" within the history of feminism, focusing on her epistemological perspective of intersectional difference to articulate a politics of coalition against the exclusion of alterity from privileged sites of modernity construction, in both space and time. Drawing on various academic sources of Anzaldúa criticism, we highlight some important ways her theory of mestiza identity actually anticipates not only critiques of the concepts of the subject, difference and modernity but also distinctions between capitalist and critical versions of cultural hybridity, all of which require sensitivity to discourses of dehistoricization, cooptation and assimilation.

  17. Framing the policy debate over spirits excise tax in Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zatoński, Mateusz; Hawkins, Benjamin; McKee, Martin

    2016-12-23

    Industry lobbying remains an obstacle to effective health-oriented alcohol policy. In 2013, an increase in excise tax on spirits was announced by the Polish government. This article presents a qualitative analysis of the public debate that ensued on the potential economic, health and social effects of the policy. It focuses on how competing groups, including industry actors, framed their position and sought to dominate the debate. Online archives of five Polish national newspapers, two spirits trade associations, and parliamentary and ministerial archives were searched. A thematic content analysis of the identified sources was conducted. The overall findings were compared with existing research on the framing of the Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) debate in the UK. A total of 155 sources were analysed. Two main frames were identified: health, and economic The spirits industry successfully promoted the economic frame in their own publications and in the media. The debate was dominated by arguments about potential growth of the grey market and losses in tax revenue that might result from the excise tax increase. The framing of the debate in Poland differed from the framing of the MUP debate in the United Kingdom. The Polish public health community was unsuccessful in making health considerations a significant element of the alcohol policy debate. The strategies pursued by UK health advocates offer lessons for how to make a more substantial impact on media coverage and promote health-oriented legislation.

  18. El debate de la energía

    OpenAIRE

    Revista Renglones

    2002-01-01

    En la actualidad los principales debates respecto a la energía se centran en aspectos técnicos, ambientales, políticos y, sobre todo, económicos, en cuyo fondo se encuentra la disputa por las rentas económicas que generan las industrias energéticas. En México, aunque el debate no es nuevo, ahora es impostergable, y su eje es el cuestionamiento del papel del estado en estas industrias. Con la intención de contribuir con visiones de más largo alcance, en un debate en el que no han tardado en...

  19. Resistance to change: Romania’s debate over territorial reforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward Maxfield

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the evolution of debates about territorial reforms in Romania in the first two decades after the fall of Communism. It suggests that the debate was shaped mainly by the choices made by political elites in positioning their parties in relation to ‘post-Communism’ and the ‘Hungarian issue’. Critically, territorial reform rapidly ceased to be a tradable political asset in coalition building for the Democratic Union of Hungarians (UDMR. In recent years debate about territorial reforms has been influenced more heavily by exogenous factors (notably the desire to gain accession to the EU.

  20. Current Debates in the Study of the Industrial Revolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaudoin, Steven M.

    2000-01-01

    Provides an overview of the literature on the debates surrounding the industrial revolution using four categories: (1) definition and characteristics; (2) context and causation; (3) impacts and scope; and (4) industrialization as a worldwide phenomenon. (CMK)

  1. Using Debate Skills to Engage Students in Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karsten, Anna

    2016-04-01

    To increase the excitement for the astronomy unit and to expose the subject in all of its weird glory, students debate each other in a bracket style tournament defending their idea of the coolest object in the universe. At the start of May, causing the name of this event to be called May Madness, students choose an object or concept in the universe to research and construct an opening argument on how it is the coolest object in the universe. Every student in the eighth grade selects an object and proceeds to debate its attributes in a head-to-head competition leading to a class winner. The class winners then debate in front of the grade with celebrity guest judges. In the four minute debate, two students defend, cross examine, and construct a rebuttal for their chosen object.

  2. Debating elective single embryo transfer after in vitro fertilization: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Debating elective single embryo transfer after in vitro fertilization: a plea for a context sensitive approach. ... Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research ... and create an ethical dilemma for physicians: Should the physician do as the ...

  3. The 1992 Presidential Campaign and Debates: A Cognitive View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Richard F.; Stamm, Keith R.

    1994-01-01

    Distinguishes the cognitive, affective, and emotive effects produced by the 1992 presidential campaign, especially its presidential debates. Describes the kinds of cognitive effects engendered by the campaign activities and performances of the three major candidates. (HB)

  4. EXPERIENCES OF REPERCUSSIONS FROM PARTICIPATION IN ONLINE DEBATE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løvlie, Anders Sundnes; Ihlebæk, Karoline Andrea

    earlier findings about gender differences associated with different types of problems. Instead, we find a surprising dominance of relatively inconsequential issues, leading to a discussion about the communicative competencies of participants, and the challenge in facilitating online debate for people...

  5. Institutional Diversity in Ontario's University Sector: A Policy Debate Analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pierre G Piché; Glen A Jones

    2016-01-01

      The objective of this paper is to review, analyze, and provide insight into issues of quality, accessibility, and funding through the lens of the current policy debate about institutional diversity...

  6. The Day-Care Debate: A Wider View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamerman, Sheila B.; Kahn, Alfred J.

    1979-01-01

    This article examines five major arguments against day care. Several approaches already in use in other countries are suggested as answers to the problems raised in the debate over care of children of working mothers. (MC)

  7. Best Way to Beat Back Zika a Matter of Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fullstory_162423.html Best Way to Beat Back Zika a Matter of Debate Analysis found conflicting evidence ... methods for controlling the mosquitoes that can transmit Zika and other diseases. The researchers, from the University ...

  8. Tensions between the refugee concept and the IDP debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Barutciski

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Refugee advocates committed to the promotion of asylum and combating the xenophobia that has reduced possibilities for refuge in host countries should be concerned about the recent debate surrounding the issue of internally displaced people (IDPs.

  9. The State of College Debate According to a Survey of Its Coaches: Data to Ground the Discussion of Debate and Civic Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlavacik, Mark; Lain, Brian; Ivanovic, Matea; Ontiveros-Kersch, Brian

    2016-01-01

    In 2015, prominent figures from the debate community gathered at Penn State for a Conference on Speech and Debate as Civic Education. Convened in response to a perceived decline in debate's contributions to civic education, the conference also aimed to start a conversation about the future of debate education. Although a great deal can be learned…

  10. Preface to the Rostock Debate on Demographic Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Bernardi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The first Rostock Debate on Demographic Change, which took place on February 21, 2006, centered on the following question: Should governments in Europe push much more aggressively for gender equality to raise fertility? The four debaters were Laurent Toulemon from the Institut National d'Etudes Demograhiques (France, Dimiter Philipov from the Vienna Institute of Demography (Austria, Livia Oláh from Stockholm University (Sweden, and Gerda Neyer from the Max Planck Institute (Germany

  11. Globalização: notas sobre um debate Globalization: notes on a debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Ortiz

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto retoma os diferentes estágios de cognição a respeito da problemática da globalização nas ciências sociais, desde a década de 1980. Destacam-se as feições tomadas pelo debate tanto na maneira implícita como ele se apresenta na disputa entre modernidade e pós-modernidade, envolvendo autores como Lyotard e Habermas, quanto na emergência de um "senso comum planetário", em que se naturalizam os processos e estruturas que definem um destino e horizonte comum para a humanidade, mas à luz das diferenças e desigualdades que conformam as especificidades dos espaços e das posições sociais no mundo contemporâneo. Deste modo, são discutidas as potencialidades analíticas de categorias como modernidade-mundo, situação, entre outras, para fazer frente ao desafio das disciplinas socioantropológicas na explicação e interpretação de realidades em que o global, o nacional e o local se interpenetram mutuamente.The text recaptures the different stage of perception in relation to the problematic of the globalization on social sciences, since the 80's. The debate is implicitly highlighted by how it is presented in the dispute between modernity and post-modernity, involving authors such as Lyotard & Habermas, as well as by an emergency of a "global common sense" in which the processes and structures that define a common destination and a horizon for mankind are naturalized, but in face of the differences and inequalities that form the specificities of the spaces and social positions of the contemporaneous world. Therefore, the potential analytics such as modernity-world, a situation, among others, that faces the challenges of the socio-anthropological disciplines in the explanation and interpretation of realities in which the global, the national and the local are mutually comprehended.

  12. Negociando o feminismo pop na cultura jovem feminina: um estudo empírico com fãs de grupos femininos Negotiations of pop feminism in girl culture: an empirical study about girlgroup-fans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bettina Fritzsche

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available As Spice Girls são um dos mais bem-sucedidos grupos musicais da década de 1990, tendo se tornado especialmente famosas por sua exaltação do 'poder jovem feminino'. Relacionado a um estudo que se baseia em entrevistas com fãs e ex-fãs desse grupo feminino, o presente artigo discute até que ponto fenômenos do 'feminismo pop' como as Spice Girls podem ser considerados uma fonte de empoderamento para meninas e jovens. O método documentário é utilizado por permitir a análise da recepção midiática como parte de uma cultura popular. Uma abordagem mimética em relação às Spice Girls no interior dessa cultura popular possibilita que suas fãs ocupem identificações diferenciadas na busca de seu próprio posicionamento diante das exigências contraditórias que a sociedade faz às adolescentes. Demonstra-se que suas complicadas negociações se referem a um empoderamento que não pode ser adequadamente categorizado como resistência ou incorporação ideológica.The Spice Girls as one of the most successful bands of the nineteen-nineties have become particularly famous for their proclamation of 'girl power'. With reference to an interview-based study with fans and ex-fans of the girl group the article discusses to what extent 'pop feminist' phenomena like the Spice Girls can be considered a source of empowerment for young women and girls. The 'documentary method' is introduced as a method which allows the analysis of media reception as part of a popular culture. A mimetic approach towards the Spice Girls within this popular culture allows their fans to experiment in finding their own position between the contradictory demands society makes on them as adolescents. It will be shown that their complicated negotiations refer to an empowerment which cannot be adequately grasped within categories of resistance and incorporation of ideology.

  13. Understanding the debate on medical education research: a sociological perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albert, Mathieu

    2004-10-01

    Since the mid-1990s, a debate has taken place among medical education scholars regarding the forms that research should take and the roles it should play. Editors of major journals in medical education and prominent researchers in the domain have repeatedly addressed the issue and have attempted to define what medical education research should be. The goal of this article is to look at the debate from a sociological perspective and to outline the social factors shaping it. An analysis of the texts published since 1990 addressing the issue shows that the debates can be deconstructed in four topics: epistemology, methodology, the primary purpose of medical education research, and the "quality" of the projects carried out in the domain. However, the debates can also be amalgamated and synthesized using the concept of "field" as developed by sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. A "field" refers to the configuration of power relations among individuals, social groups, or institutions within a domain of activities. Scientific fields are typically structured around a "bipolar" opposition pattern. At one pole stand those individuals who promote greater collaboration with nonscientists as well as research aimed at responding to practical needs. At the opposite pole stand those individuals who aspire to achieve independence of the field from such external constraints. The use of the concept of "field" allows us to understand the debate from a larger perspective and to establish parallels with similar debates in other scientific fields. In doing so, we will have the opportunity to learn from the experience of these other fields and be more reflective about the debate in which we engage.

  14. A philosophical analysis of the evidence-based medicine debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanley Donald E

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The term "evidence-based medicine" (or EBM was introduced about ten years ago, and there has been considerable debate about the value of EBM. However, this debate has sometimes been obscured by a lack of conceptual clarity concerning the nature and status of EBM. Discussion First, we note that EBM proponents have obscured the current debate by defining EBM in an overly broad, indeed almost vacuous, manner; we offer a clearer account of EBM and its relation to the alternative approaches to medicine. Second, while EBM proponents commonly cite the philosophical work of Thomas Kuhn and claim that EBM is a Kuhnian 'paradigm shift,' we argue that such claims are seriously mistaken and unduly polarize the EBM debate. Third, we suggest that it is much more fruitful to understand the relationship between EBM and its alternatives in light of a different philosophical metaphor: W.V. Quine's metaphor of the web of belief. Seen in this way, we argue that EBM is an approach to medical practice that is indeed importantly different from the alternatives. Summary We can have a more productive debate about the value of EBM by being clearer about the nature of EBM and its relationship to alternative approaches to medicine.

  15. Beyond the realism debate: The metaphysics of 'racial' distinctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemeire, Olivier

    2016-10-01

    The current metaphysical race debate is very much focused on the realism question whether races exist. In this paper I argue against the importance of this question. Philosophers, biologists and anthropologists expect that answering this question will tell them something substantive about the metaphysics of racial classifications, and will help them to decide whether it is justified to use racial categories in scientific research and public policy. I argue that there are two reasons why these expectations are not fulfilled. First of all, the realism question about race leads to a very broad philosophical debate about the semantics of general terms and the criteria for real kinds, rather than to a debate about the metaphysics of racial categories specifically. Secondly, there is a type of race realism that is so toothless that it is almost completely uninformative about the metaphysics of race. In response to these worries, I argue that the metaphysical race debate should rather be focused on the question in what way and to what extent 'racial' distinctions can ground the epistemic practices of various scientific disciplines. I spell out what I mean by this, and go on to demonstrate that trying to answer this question leads to a more fruitful metaphysical debate.

  16. Heteronormative consensus in the Norwegian same-sex adoption debate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderssen, Norman; Hellesund, Tone

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates the Norwegian newspaper debate (1998-2002) on the right of homosexual couples to adopt children. It identifies two patterns of meaning within which both anti-adoption and pro-adoption sides of the debate were located: 1) the nuclear family as reference point; and 2) a focus on innate qualities. Parallell to a continuous liberalization of sexualities in Norway we seem to witness a consensus on heteronormativity in Norway on both sides of the debate as the basic axiom in public discussions on homosexuality and adoption. In this article, we explore the nature of the heteronormative arguments and the reason for their appearance in this particular debate. The two patterns of meaning reproduce a perception of lesbians and gays as either a worthy or unworthy minority. These findings may be seen as reflecting fundamental positions regarding the Norwegian modernization project, where both sides of the debate see homosexuality as a central symbol. State feminism may also have played the role of reinforcing gender categories and thereby served as an important condition of possibility for contemporary heteronormativity.

  17. Feminismo e Ilustración (XIV Conferencias Aranguren: I. De la razón inerte a la razón meritoria; II. Por una Ilustración multicultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amorós, Celia

    2006-06-01

    emancipatorias para el feminismo. El punto de partida es un análisis del planteamiento de Hume de la identidad personal que pone en evidencia sus sesgos patriarcales. Se contrapone la noción humeana de una razón inerte con la deriva que, a partir del cartesianismo, lleva a Poullain de la Barre a concebir la razón como un trabajo o un esfuerzo permanentes. Se relaciona la aportación de este filósofo feminista epígono del cartesianismo con el «conatus» spinoziano para enlazar, por último, con la idea de Mary Wollstonecraft de la razón como «razón meritoria»: carece de privilegios adscriptivos en la retícula de fuerzas en las que opera junto con las pasiones a la vez que se inviste con un valor emergente crítico del Ancien Régime.
    En la segunda parte, se defiende que los procesos crítico-reflexivos que ponen en cuestión la legitimidad de las instituciones vigentes en una cultura no son monopolio de Occidente. En este sentido, la Ilustración no es su patrimonio exclusivo en la medida en que podemos encontrar en otras culturas «vetas de Ilustración». A título de aval de esta hipótesis se reconstruye la obra del filósofo magrebí Al-Yabri, autor de la Crítica de la Razón árabe como paradigmática de lo que puede ser una apropiación selectiva del propio pasado en función de «las interpelaciones interculturales» del presente. A la luz de la misma, se recupera a Averroes como un clásico de una «modernidad planetaria» que apuesta por el laicismo y de la que se desprenden implicaciones para el feminismo.

  18. E-cigarettes: a need to broaden the debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latif, E; Nair, M

    2016-11-01

    The unregulated market for e-cigarettes continues to grow, with debates on their efficacy and impact on global public health. E-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDs), are marketed as a 'safe' alternative to tobacco products and a tool for 'harm reduction'. Some public health experts are calling it a 'game changer' and favour the 'harm reduction' strategy, while others dispute this claim. In our opinion, the debate needs to be broadened to encompass other related concerns and effects on non-users and affected stakeholders. As with tobacco control, a holistic approach is needed to build a raft of policies that effectively address the issue from all angles and look beyond the direct health implications of e-cigarette use to explore the social, economic, political and environmental aspects of this debate, putting 'harm reduction' in context.

  19. [The first Dutch debate on anaesthesia in obstetrics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijker, Liselotte E

    2015-01-01

    After the publication of the Dutch medical guideline on pharmacological analgesia during childbirth in 2008, the question of whether pharmacological pain relief should be permissible during labour was hotly debated. This discussion has been going on since the second half of the 19th century when the introduction of ether and chloroform was extensively studied and described in Great Britain. This article looks back on the same debate in the Netherlands when inhalational anaesthetics were introduced into obstetrics. Study of historical journals and textbooks, originating in the Netherlands and elsewhere, and of historical medical literature on anaesthesia and obstetrics shows that the Dutch protagonists adopted more nuanced ideas on this issue than many of their foreign colleagues. This description of the first Dutch debate on anaesthesia in obstetrics shows that in fact the issues and arguments are timeless.

  20. Brand Components in Electoral Debates: Presidential Elections Romania 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovidiu-Aurel GHIUȚĂ

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper illustrates the use of the brand and its components in the most important campaign debate of the presidential elections in Romania in 2009.The research method we have selected is the case study. The research technique consisted of the content analysis of the two speeches. The conducted analysis has included all the three types of the content analysis: conceptual, relational and qualitative analysis. The content analysis has been conducted by using the Nvivo software. The identification of the candidate’s brand in a single debate particularly entails its presence throughout the electoral campaign. We can outline the main component of the brand notion the two candidates have resorted to in this debate: Băsescu resorted to positioning, while Antonescu opted for differentiation and positioning.

  1. Controversia y La Ciudad Futura: democracia y socialismo en debate Controversia and La Ciudad Futura: democracy and socialism under debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariana Reano

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es recuperar los debates político-intelectuales sobre la democracia que se produjeron entre 1979 y 1989, en el marco de la revista mexicana Controversia y de la revista argentina La Ciudad Futura. Éstos serán el punto de partida para el análisis de las discusiones acerca de cómo pensar la articulación entre democracia formal y democracia sustantiva, de cara al proceso de transición democrática argentina. Se busca mostrar que el sentido de la democracia es heredero de un debate entre tradiciones y concepciones de la política en tensión que comenzó antes y se profundizó después de su inicio formal en 1983.The purpose of this paper is to recover the political and intellectual debates on democracy that took place between 1979 and 1989 within the framework of the Mexican journal Controversia and the Argentinean journal La Ciudad Futura. These debates will be the starting point for the analysis of the discussions on how to conceive of the link between formal and substantive democracy during the Argentinean transition to democracy. The aim is to show that the meaning of democracy is heir to a debate between traditions and conceptions of politics in tension that began before and increased after its formal beginning in 1983.

  2. Islamic fashion, media debates and styles of interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Connie Carøe

    Currently, in Copenhagen streets as in many other European cities an increasing diversity in the style of clothing which appeals to believing and fashion conscious Muslim women can be observed. These styles I loosely term Islamic fashion, i.e. a style of clothing that seeks to appear attractive...... and at the same time to match an Islamic moral code or aesthetics. In a Danish context, I argue, these disagreements have a bearing on strategies of Muslim women in terms of relations vis-à-vis the non-Muslim majority population. The debate among Muslims is seconded by a media debate on Islam and again like...

  3. "Managed competition" for Ireland? The single versus multiple payer debate.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mikkers, Misja

    2014-09-01

    A persistent feature of international health policy debate is whether a single-payer or multiple-payer system can offer superior performance. In Ireland, a major reform proposal is the introduction of \\'managed competition\\' based on the recent reforms in the Netherlands, which would replace many functions of Ireland\\'s public payer with a system of competing health insurers from 2016. This article debates whether Ireland meets the preconditions for effective managed competition, and whether the government should implement the reform according to its stated timeline. We support our arguments by discussing the functioning of the Dutch and Irish systems.

  4. Ejemplo de médico y revolucionario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elena Cuervo Calviño

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Hay hombres que dedican su vida a una causa y por eso, aunque mueran, se mantienen siempre vivos. El Dr. Jeremías José Ramón Hernández Ojito es un vivo ejemplo de ello, quien participó en las actividades revolucionarias desde sus inicios, en actos de sabotajes y distribución de propaganda revolucionaria, vendiendo bonos para el movimiento 26 de julio y en todo cuanto estuvo a su alcance para apoyar el triunfo en 1959. En el año 1965 termina sus estudios médicos y a pesar de ser del municipio de Güines de la provincia de La Habana, vino a trabajar al hospital de la capital provincial de Las Tunas, donde estuvo al frente del servicio de Cirugía, también permaneció durante un tiempo en el hospital “Vladimir Ilich Lenin” de Holguín para realizar estudios de residencia en Cirugía, concluidos los cuales, regresa a Las Tunas, ocupando diferentes cargos administrativos y sindicales, siempre aportando sus conocimientos en el sitio donde más se necesitaran. Por la experiencia adquirida en su especialidad, en el año 1974 fue uno de los integrantes del equipo de cirugía que participó en la famosa separación de las siamesas en el hospital “Vladimir Ilich Lenin”, operación nunca antes realizada en nuestro país y de éxito rotundo, lo cual corrobora el hecho de que las dos aún viven. En septiembre de 1982 fue nombrado Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de Las Tunas, cargo que desempeñó hasta septiembre de 1989 cuando fue designado Director del Centro Nacional de Información de Ciencias Médicas. Entre 1992 y 2000 fue miembro del “Panel de Asesores Expertos en Información Biomédica y Salud” de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS, además  integró el Ejecutivo Nacional del Comité de Médicos para la Prevención de la Guerra Nuclear (IPPNW. Como aval de su trayectoria médica y revolucionaria se relacionan los principales reconocimientos y distinciones recibidos en el transcurso de su vida: Llegó a ser Especialista de Segundo Grado en Administración de Salud; obtuvo la categoría docente principal de “Profesor Consultante” del Instituto Superior de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana; recibió cartas de felicitación por el trabajo realizado como internacionalista en Angola; la Medalla “Manuel Fajardo” del Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Salud, por más de 25 años de servicios en el sector; la Distinción “28 de Septiembre”, de los Comités de Defensa de la Revolución; las Medallas Trabajador Internacionalista y Combatiente de la Lucha Clandestina del Consejo de Estado; así como las Medallas 30 Aniversario y 40 Aniversario de las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias. Podemos resumir la conducta del Dr. Ojito con las siguientes palabras: Fue un ser noble y humilde, comprometido con su tiempo y su patria y con excepcionales valores humanos.

  5. revolucionario en nuestra cultura jurídica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Pfeffer Urquiaga

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Propiciar que deba ser obligatorio el precedente emanado de la sentencia que dicte el Tribunal Constitucional para los demás tribunales –más allá de que pueda estimarse inconstitucional– es una cuestión que requiere de un cambio de nuestra mentalidad y cultura jurídica, antes que de una modificación normativa.

  6. La filosofia del entendimiento, de Andres Bello, factum revolucionario

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cuartas R., Juan Manuel

    2009-01-01

    ...; organizo en Chile la "instruccion publica", fue Rector de la nueva Universidad de Chile, redacto el Codigo civil chileno, oriento la politica exterior, y el Tratado de derecho internacional, llevo...

  7. Onda, rizoma e “sororidade” como metáforas: representações de mulheres e dos feminismos (Paris, Rio de Janeiro: anos 70/80 do século XX Wave, Rhizome and “Sorority” as Feminist Metaphors: Representation of Women and Feminisms (Paris, Rio De Janeiro: 1970s and 1980s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suely Gomes Costa

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available PortuguesEste artigo examina noções de onda, rizoma e “sororidade” como metáforas de representações sobre mulheres e seus movimentos, em diferentes lugares e tempos históricos. Associa-se à crítica a tendências analíticas que acentuam experiências feministas conjunturais que podem tornar invisíveis tensões e rupturas entre gerações de mulheres e de feministas. Problematiza, ainda, a metáfora da “sororidade”: por solidariedades presumidas com a experiência comum da maternidade, exclui contingências que, subterraneamente, podem mover mulheres e feminismos em diferentes direções. Destaca, enfim, a perspectiva da longa duração histórica e dos tempos múltiplos como modo de perceber a história das mulheres e dos feminismos em suas continuidades e rupturas.EnglishThis article analyses the conceptions of wave, rhizome, and “sorority” as metaphors for the representation of women and their movements in different places and historical periods. It joins critical efforts already made towards analytical trends highlighting circumstantial feminist experiences and thus turning other social projects invisible, but without taking into consideration possible breakdowns which come from tensions within generations of women and feminists. It also questions the “sorority” metaphor: by its solidarity assumed on the grounds of the shared experience of maternity, it also conceals contingencies that secretly gather women and feminists for different causes in different periods. Finally, it admits the long-term historical perspective and the multiple timings as a way of perceiving the history of women and of feminism throughout its continuities and breakdowns.

  8. Where WE Stands: Approaches, Issues, and Debate in World Englishes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolton, Kingsley

    2005-01-01

    This paper sets out to review current approaches to world Englishes from a range of perspectives, from English studies to sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, lexicography, popularizers and critical linguistics. It then proceeds to consider current debates on English worldwide and world Englishes, noting the recent criticisms of the world…

  9. Who Won the Debate in Women Education? Rousseau or Wollstonecraft?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owusu-Gyamfi, Clifford

    2016-01-01

    Curriculum framework in the education of children became debatable during the enlightenment. Jean-Jacque Rousseau's treatise, "Emile," outlined an educational curriculum based on natural rights. Rousseau thought education should be based on espousing and exploring the natural abilities of a person. Therefore, since women have a natural…

  10. Debate on Global Impact of EU Enlargement Held in Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>On the afternoon of April 27, the CPAFFC, the China- EU Association (CEUA), the Guangdong Provincial People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (GPPAFFC) and the Delegation of the European Commission of the European Union jointly held a debate on the global impact brought about by the 15+10 enlargement of European Union in Zhongshan University, Guangzhou.

  11. El nacimiento del Caníbal: un debate conceptual.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yobenj Aucardo Chicangana-Bayona

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article offers a theoretical debate regarding the origins of cannibalism based on the writings of Christopher Columbus. The manner in which the cannibal was constructed is of vital importance to understand the arguments later used to justify not only the conquest of the Caribbean but also to legitimize the stigmatization of Amerindian groups accused of consuming human fesh.

  12. Reframing the Student Loan Costing Debate: The Benefits of Competition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, Fred; Wilson, Hoke

    2005-01-01

    As debate in Washington heats up regarding congressional reauthorization of the Higher Education Act, a central question involves what to do about the continued coexistence of the two student loan programs--the Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) and the Direct Loan Program (DLP). With hundreds of millions of dollars at stake for banks,…

  13. Probability without certainty : foundationalism and the Lewis-Reichenbach debate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Atkinson, David; Peijnenburg, Jeanne

    2006-01-01

    Like many discussions on the pros and cons of epistemic foundationalism, the debate between C. I. Lewis and H. Reichenbach dealt with three concerns: the existence of basic beliefs, their nature, and the way in which beliefs are related. In this paper we concentrate on the third matter, especially o

  14. The National Debate Tournament: A Test of the AFA's Professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegelmueller, George; Baron, Chris

    2000-01-01

    Notes that for two decades issues related to the National Debate Tournament (NDT) consumed major portions of the American Forensic Association's (AFA) annual business meetings. Reviews the circumstances leading to the AFA's vote to sponsor the NDT; examines the association's role in overseeing the NDT; and judges the significance of the…

  15. Teaching Critical Thinking in World Regional Geography through Stakeholder Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sziarto, Kristin M.; McCarthy, Linda; Padilla, Nicholas L.

    2014-01-01

    Using a stakeholder debate based on a real-world case of regional construction--that of Turkey's application to join the European Union--improved students' critical thinking in an introductory world regional geography course. Such courses are a staple offering among US geography departments, and often the only exposure of non-majors to geographic…

  16. Debates about the Future of Media Literacy in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakmak, Ebubekir; Tuzel, Sait

    2015-01-01

    Media literacy has been widely debated in Turkey since the early 2000s and has been in the curriculum of the secondary schools as an optional subject for nearly a decade. During this time period, about four million students have received media literacy education. The multidisciplinary structure of media literacy has contributed to the interest of…

  17. UK parliamentary debate analysis: bombing ISIL in Syria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashed, Haifa

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines the arguments presented for and against the UK government's motion for the UK to intervene militarily in Syria in the House of Commons debate on ISIL in Syria that took place on 2 December 2015. It considers what the most common arguments were in favour of and in opposition to the motion as well as which arguments were given the most emphasis, in order to understand the prime justifications given that led to the decision to approve the motion. It suggests that due to the shadow of the 2003 Iraq war, politicians in the debate placed a considerable emphasis on the legal justification for military intervention. It argues that the focus on the national security of the UK and its allies in this particular debate seems to contrast with previous military interventions where humanitarian motives were more widely stated. This paper calls for further comparative research of parliamentary debates in order to track such changes in the rhetoric used by UK politicians to defend their support for military intervention.

  18. The Boussinesq Debate: Reversibility, Instability, and Free Will.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael Mueller, Thomas

    2015-12-01

    In 1877, a young mathematician named Joseph Boussinesq presented a mémoire to the Académie des sciences which demonstrated that some differential equations may have more than one solution. Boussinesq linked this fact to indeterminism and to a possible solution to the free will versus determinism debate. Boussinesq's main interest was to reconcile his philosophical and religious views with science by showing that matter and motion do not suffice to explain all there is in the world. His argument received mixed criticism that addressed both his philosophical views and the scientific content of his work, pointing to the physical "realisticness" of multiple solutions. While Boussinesq proved to be able to face the philosophical criticism, the scientific objections became a serious problem, thus slowly moving the focus of the debate from the philosophical plane to the scientific one. This change of perspective implied a wide discussion on topics such as instability, the sensitivity to initial conditions, and the conservation of energy. The Boussinesq debate is an example of a philosophically motivated debate that transforms into a scientific one, an example of the influence of philosophy on the development of science.

  19. The privatisation debate on water services in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuks, Stefanus M.M.

    2006-01-01

    Legally adopted in France and the UK, privatization of water services is still vigorously debated in the Netherlands. Advocates of privatization believe it is the best way to save on utility costs and to increase their transparency. Opponents believe that the Dutch water sector already provides high

  20. Debating land degradation: strategy development for Bolivian mountain valleys

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kessler, A.; Stroosnijder, L.

    2010-01-01

    A debate on response strategies to rural poverty and land degradation has relevance for the core business of this journal. Based on extensive fieldwork in the mountain valleys of Chuquisaca, Bolivia, this paper discusses farming and migration in the region, and elaborates on the required components

  1. Local Languages for Local Literacies? Debating a Central Dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Clinton D. W.

    1994-01-01

    Educational, economic/political, developmental perspectives form debate concerning use of minority languages for literacy. Grounds for dialogue among people who hold these perspectives can be found in establishing common set of questions to be asked in multilingual contexts. In wider context, appropriate question is how multilingual approach can…

  2. Ideology and Interaction: Debating Determinisms in Literacy Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collin, Ross; Street, Brian V.

    2014-01-01

    In this exchange, Street and Collin debate the merits of the interaction model of literacy that Collin outlined in a recent issue of Reading Research Quarterly. Built as a complement and a counter to Street's ideological model of literacy, Collin's interaction model defines literacies as technologies that coevolve with sociocultural…

  3. Math Wars: A Rhetorical Analysis of the Terms of Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muzaffar, Irfan

    2009-01-01

    This study concerns itself with the conflict in mathematics education--popularly known as "math wars"--in the United States. More specifically, it investigates the "terms of debate" in this conflict to develop insights into the varied, and sometimes conflicting, relationships between the perceived nature of mathematics and its…

  4. Issues in Sociobiology: The Nature vs. Nurture Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzen, Eric

    2001-01-01

    Explains the two theories on the origins of human and animal behavior. Introduces the new discipline of sociobiology, a merging of biology and sociology. Describes the central dogma of sociobiology and its societal implications, and discusses criticism of sociobiology. Presents the nature vs. nurture debate. (YDS)

  5. Contrasting frames in policy debates on climate change adaptation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dewulf, A.

    2013-01-01

    The process by which issues, decisions, or events acquire different meanings from different perspectives has been studied as framing. In policy debates about climate change adaptation, framing the adaptation issue is a challenge with potentially farreaching implications for the shape and success of

  6. Memorandum about the First Nixon-Kennedy Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, David L.

    2010-01-01

    On the morning of September 1, 1960, Herb Klein and Pierre Salinger met in the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, D.C., to discuss the details of what would be the first televised presidential debate. Klein was press secretary for Republican candidate Vice President Richard Nixon and Salinger was press secretary for Democratic candidate Senator John…

  7. Idealism and realism in International Relations: an ontological debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Ramon Fernandes

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The debate between realism and idealism continues to mark the discipline of International Relations. On the one hand, realism argues that international politics is a struggle for power and a quest for survival, which results in a condition of permanent conflict between States without any possibility of evolution or progress. On the other hand, idealism considers it possible to build a world of peaceful coexistence, prosperity and well-being, achieved through cooperation and based on values and aspirations shared by humans. The object of this article is to analyse the debate between idealism and realism, considering it as an ontological debate and taking into account the controversy it has generated. The argument presented here is that both realism and idealism are two responses to the creation and maintenance of international order, that is, how States relate in international society; however these responses are not mutually exclusive and can coexist in constant tension with one another. An analysis of internationalist thought of two authors, Hans Morgenthau and Raymond Aron, is also presented, which relates to how they are positioned in this debate as well as International Relations as a whole.

  8. Echo chamber and trench warfare dynamics in online debates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsen, Rune; Steen-Johnsen, Kari; Wollebæk, Dag; Enjolras, Bernard

    2017-06-01

    In this article, we take issue with the claim by Sunstein and others that online discussion takes place in echo chambers, and suggest that the dynamics of online debates could be more aptly described by the logic of 'trench warfare', in which opinions are reinforced through contradiction as well as confirmation. We use a unique online survey and an experimental approach to investigate and test echo chamber and trench warfare dynamics in online debates. The results show that people do indeed claim to discuss with those who hold opposite views from themselves. Furthermore, our survey experiments suggest that both confirming and contradicting arguments have similar effects on attitude reinforcement. Together, this indicates that both echo chamber and trench warfare dynamics - a situation where attitudes are reinforced through both confirmation and disconfirmation biases - characterize online debates. However, we also find that two-sided neutral arguments have weaker effects on reinforcement than one-sided confirming and contradicting arguments, suggesting that online debates could contribute to collective learning and qualification of arguments.

  9. Language Policy, In-Migration and Discursive Debates in Wales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Catrin Wyn

    2017-01-01

    Drawing on theory from critical language policy literature, this article explores the impact of discourses on in-migration on Welsh language policy. By focussing on discursive debates surrounding the subject of in-migration, the article analyses how a range of actors produce and reproduce discourses on in-migration in Wales and how these…

  10. Advancing animal welfare science: sharing knowledge, debating issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orritt, Rachel

    2016-07-23

    Established animal welfare scientists and others at the beginning of their career gathered in York last month to discuss recent advances in animal welfare science. Organised by the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, the meeting aimed to provide a forum for sharing knowledge and practice, discussion and debate. Rachel Orritt, a PhD researcher at the University of Lincoln, reports on proceedings.

  11. Guns on Campus: A Current Debate. E-Fact Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Almost all U.S. college campuses ban concealed weapons. But in the aftermath of the tragic shooting deaths at Virginia Tech in 2007, the debate on whether guns should be permitted at colleges and universities has intensified. Dozens of states have considered proposals to lift bans on concealed weapons at colleges and universities, but so far none…

  12. Contrasting frames in policy debates on climate change adaptation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dewulf, A.

    2013-01-01

    The process by which issues, decisions, or events acquire different meanings from different perspectives has been studied as framing. In policy debates about climate change adaptation, framing the adaptation issue is a challenge with potentially farreaching implications for the shape and success of

  13. Ideology and Interaction: Debating Determinisms in Literacy Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collin, Ross; Street, Brian V.

    2014-01-01

    In this exchange, Street and Collin debate the merits of the interaction model of literacy that Collin outlined in a recent issue of Reading Research Quarterly. Built as a complement and a counter to Street's ideological model of literacy, Collin's interaction model defines literacies as technologies that coevolve with sociocultural…

  14. The Rhetorical Case: Its Roman Precedent and the Current Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendelson, Michael

    1989-01-01

    Reviews a debate among Roman rhetoricians over declamation, an early case study method. Appraises contemporary concerns about the value of case study as a stimulant to problem-solving skills, its ability to imitate realistic circumstances of business and technical writing, and its emphasis on persona and audience along with its deemphasis of the…

  15. Issues in Sociobiology: The Nature vs. Nurture Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzen, Eric

    2001-01-01

    Explains the two theories on the origins of human and animal behavior. Introduces the new discipline of sociobiology, a merging of biology and sociology. Describes the central dogma of sociobiology and its societal implications, and discusses criticism of sociobiology. Presents the nature vs. nurture debate. (YDS)

  16. On the "Uses" of Rubrics: Reframing the Great Rubric Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turley, Eric D.; Gallagher, Chris W.

    2008-01-01

    Reframing the Great Rubric Debate beyond the taking of sides, Eric D. Turley and Chris W. Gallagher propose a set of questions designed to help educators assess the value of rubrics: (1) What is the tool for?; (2) In what context is it used?; (3) Who decides:; and (4) What ideological agenda drives those decisions? They contend that these four…

  17. Content Analysis of Televised Communication Events: The Presidential Debates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson-Beeck, Marilyn; Meadow, Robert G.

    1979-01-01

    Advocates the more extended treatment of content analysis in political communication research. Develops a fourfold scheme for classifying verbal and nonverbal communication content and illustrates the use of the scheme in political communication research by analysis of the 1960 and 1976 presidential debates. (JMF)

  18. The Debate on Dominant Culture and Cultural Imperialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anchan, John P.

    2012-01-01

    In this commentary, the author reviews in depth Roland S. Persson's (2012a) target article. According to him Persson (2012a) presents a convincing argument as he wove through examples and explanations. The idea of superculture connects well with the established neocolonial literature and the North-South/Centre-Periphery debate. From general to…

  19. Native Advertising: Trickery or Technique? An Ethics Project and Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarzosa, Jennifer; Fischbach, Sarah

    2017-01-01

    Sponsored content, in-feed ads, and advertorials are innovative ways to promote brands. However, there are limited resources on how to use these advertising techniques. The Native Advertising project and debate helps students (a) gain knowledge and experience with current advertising practices and (b) engage in deliberation regarding a promotional…

  20. What to look for in tonight’s presidential debate

    OpenAIRE

    Trubowitz, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Tonight sees Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump meet for the first presidential debate at Hofstra\\ud University in New York. US Centre Director Peter Trubowitz comments on what to look for tonight,\\ud writing that while much of it will be theatre, what the candidates say and how they comport\\ud themselves will matter to voters.

  1. Memorandum about the First Nixon-Kennedy Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, David L.

    2010-01-01

    On the morning of September 1, 1960, Herb Klein and Pierre Salinger met in the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, D.C., to discuss the details of what would be the first televised presidential debate. Klein was press secretary for Republican candidate Vice President Richard Nixon and Salinger was press secretary for Democratic candidate Senator John…

  2. The Perceptual Distortion of Height in Intercollegiate Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hensley, Wayne E.; Angoli, Marilyn

    Both balance and reinforcement theories were used in an examination of the perceptual distortion of height among 146 college debaters. Balance theory predicted that losers would distort winners' heights upward; reinforcement theory predicted that winners would distort losers' heights upward. The results confirmed both predictions. The possibility…

  3. Probability without certainty : foundationalism and the Lewis-Reichenbach debate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Atkinson, David; Peijnenburg, Jeanne

    Like many discussions on the pros and cons of epistemic foundationalism, the debate between C. I. Lewis and H. Reichenbach dealt with three concerns: the existence of basic beliefs, their nature, and the way in which beliefs are related. In this paper we concentrate on the third matter, especially

  4. Pluralist Democracy or Scientistic Monocracy? Debating Ritual Slaughter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Valenta (Markha)

    2012-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Many participants in the recent fierce debate on ritual slaughter in the Netherlands have understood this to be a conflict between religious and secular values, pitting religious freedom against animal welfare. The great variety in viewpoints among all groups involved,

  5. Special Section: A Debate on Research Techniques in Economic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, George G.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    Dawson introduces three articles which debate merits of research techniques in undergraduate economic education. William E. Becker criticizes John C. Soper's models, multicollinearity argument, and student incentives in a research project; Soper replies; Robert Highsmith critically analyzes strengths and weaknesses of each argument. (AV)

  6. Debating land degradation: strategy development for Bolivian mountain valleys

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kessler, A.; Stroosnijder, L.

    2010-01-01

    A debate on response strategies to rural poverty and land degradation has relevance for the core business of this journal. Based on extensive fieldwork in the mountain valleys of Chuquisaca, Bolivia, this paper discusses farming and migration in the region, and elaborates on the required components

  7. Critical Environmental Education Research: Re-Engaging the Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robottom, Ian

    2005-01-01

    The field of research in environmental education has experienced several changes in orientation in its first 25 or so years. In the period of the 70s and 80s, the most visible approach to environmental education research was clearly applied science in nature. From the late 80s/early 90s there has been a period of intense debate about research in…

  8. Institutional Diversity in Ontario's University Sector: A Policy Debate Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piché, Pierre G.; Jones, Glen A.

    2016-01-01

    In order to meet the demands in a cost-effective manner of an emerging knowledge society that is global in scope, structural higher education policy changes have been introduced in many countries with a focus on systemic and programmatic diversity. There has been an ongoing debate about institutional diversity in Ontario higher education,…

  9. America, America: national identity, presidential debates, and national mood

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sheets, P.; Domke, D.S.; Wells, C.; Lingle, C.J.; Ballantyne, A.; Al-Sumait, F.; Cordingley, K.

    2011-01-01

    In their public messages, United States politicians often invoke America in an attempt to unite citizens and build electoral coalitions. Such an emphasis is particularly common in presidential debates, which are climactic "media events" late in campaigns for the White House, when candidates take que

  10. Interviewers' challenging questions in British broadcast debate interviews

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmertsen, Sofie

    2007-01-01

    In recent years some British broadcast panel interviews take a particularly confrontational form. In these debate interviews, news seems to be generated as arguments provided by the interviewees who participate as protagonists of opposite positions. This paper will briefly attempt to show...

  11. A Sociohistorical View of Reason and Emotion in Academic Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Phillip

    This paper examines the potential of sociohistorical theory for the study of academic debate. The essay describes sociohistorical theory (noting that it is most often attributed to the work of Lev Vygotsky and that contemporary scholars influenced by it include Jerome Bruner and James Wertsch), the relationship between reason and emotion from a…

  12. The Pedigree Dog Breeding Debate in Ethics and Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bovenkerk, Bernice; Nijland, Hanneke J.

    2017-01-01

    Pedigree dog breeding has been the subject of public debate due to health problems caused by breeding for extreme looks and the narrow genepool of many breeds. Our research aims to provide insights in order to further the animal-ethical, political and society-wide discussion regarding the future of

  13. Classroom Debate Format: Effect on Student Learning and Revelations about Student Tendencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tessier, Jack T.

    2009-01-01

    To assess the effect of debate format on learning, four formats were separately employed in an environmental issues course. Learning was greatest when students wrote about a debate they witnessed, the teacher provided debate questions, and students received a reward for winning. Students valued debates for developing their arguing skills, used the…

  14. Does Style Negate Substance? The Use of Argument in Parliamentary Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Susan B.

    Two debate rounds offered at the National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA) illustrate how debate could offer both style (the ability to communicate well) and substance (a message of significance and purpose). With the resolution "idealism is better than realism," debaters and judges were transported into a "Popeye"…

  15. Designing for students' science learning using argumentation and classroom debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Philip Laverne

    1998-12-01

    This research investigates how to design and introduce an educational innovation into a classroom setting to support learning. The research yields cognitive design principles for instruction involving scientific argumentation and debate. Specifically, eighth-grade students used a computer learning environment to construct scientific arguments and to participate in a classroom debate. The instruction was designed to help students integrate their science understanding by debating: How far does light go, does light die out over distance or go forever until absorbed? This research explores the tension between focusing students' conceptual change on specific scientific phenomena and their development of integrated understanding. I focus on the importance of connecting students' everyday experiences and intuitions to their science learning. The work reported here characterizes how students see the world through a filter of their own understanding. It explores how individual and social mechanisms in instruction support students as they expand the range of ideas under consideration and distinguish between these ideas using scientific criteria. Instruction supported students as they engaged in argumentation and debate on a set of multimedia evidence items from the World-Wide-Web. An argument editor called SenseMaker was designed and studied with the intent of making individual and group thinking visible during instruction. Over multiple classroom trials, different student cohorts were increasingly supported in scientific argumentation involving systematic coordination of evidence with theoretical ideas about light. Students' knowledge representations were used as mediating "learning artifacts" during classroom debate. Two argumentation conditions were investigated. The Full Scope group prepared to defend either theoretical position in the debate. These students created arguments that included more theoretical conjectures and made more conceptual progress in understanding

  16. Understanding conservationists' perspectives on the new-conservation debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, George; Sandbrook, Chris; Fisher, Janet A

    2017-04-01

    A vibrant debate about the future direction of biodiversity conservation centers on the merits of the so-called new conservation. Proponents of the new conservation advocate a series of positions on key conservation ideas, such as the importance of human-dominated landscapes and conservation's engagement with capitalism. These have been fiercely contested in a debate dominated by a few high-profile individuals, and so far there has been no empirical exploration of existing perspectives on these issues among a wider community of conservationists. We used Q methodology to examine empirically perspectives on the new conservation held by attendees at the 2015 International Congress for Conservation Biology (ICCB). Although we identified a consensus on several key issues, 3 distinct positions emerged: in favor of conservation to benefit people but opposed to links with capitalism and corporations, in favor of biocentric approaches but with less emphasis on wilderness protection than prominent opponents of new conservation, and in favor of the published new conservation perspective but with less emphasis on increasing human well-being as a goal of conservation. Our results revealed differences between the debate on the new conservation in the literature and views held within a wider, but still limited, conservation community and demonstrated the existence of at least one viewpoint (in favor of conservation to benefit people but opposed to links with capitalism and corporations) that is almost absent from the published debate. We hope the fuller understanding we present of the variety of views that exist but have not yet been heard, will improve the quality and tone of debates on the subject. © 2016 The Authors. Conservation Biology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society for Conservation Biology.

  17. Algunas reflexiones sobre el estudio de los hombres desde el feminismo y desde los derechos humanos Some reflections on the study of men from the perspective of feminism and human rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan-Guillermo Figueroa-Perea

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available En este texto se comentan algunos encuentros y desencuentros en la investigación e intervención sobre problemáticas que viven los hombres, a partir de contrastar acercamientos analíticos próximos al concepto de derechos, pero dependiendo de si se adopta una postura feminista o de género, ya sea explícito o no, o bien si la aproximación surge de otros referentes teóricos y políticos. La hipótesis de trabajo es que las tensiones son mayores cuando no se recupera en su sentido relacional la perspectiva de género. No se asume que el feminismo y los derechos humanos sean excluyentes entre sí, pero sí que pueden tener énfasis distintos en las estrategias para reparar exclusiones y para identificar titulares de las garantías que le viabilizan a toda persona participar en la construcción de las condiciones de posibilidad de un entorno social más equitativo y solidario. El relato de algunas experiencias en tres ámbitos de estudio pretende mostrar cómo permean lecturas maniqueas, las cuales siguen victimizando y satanizando a algunos de los personajes que interactúan en las relaciones de género, por lo que ello limita la selección de categorías analíticas y políticas más integrales y comprensivas para cuestionar las relaciones de poder y los ejercicios de violencia en sus diferentes acepciones. No hay la intención de descalificación alguna, sino estimular un intercambio dialógico que permita enriquecer el trabajo con los hombres como sujetos genéricos.This text explores some of the agreements and disagreements in the research and intervention in the problems experienced by men. It contrasts analytical approaches linked to the concept of rights. These may either adopt a feminist or gender approach, whether explicit or not or derived from other theoretical and political references. The working hypothesis is that tensions are greater when the gender perspective is not recovered in its relational sense. Feminism and human rights

  18. Two different debates? Investigating the relationship between a political debate on TV and simultaneous comments on Twitter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trilling, D.

    2015-01-01

    While watching television, more and more citizens comment the program live on social media. This is especially interesting in the case of political debates, as viewers’ comments might not only allow us to tap into public opinion, but they can also be an influential factor of their own and contribute

  19. Two different debates? Investigating the relationship between a political debate on TV and simultaneous comments on Twitter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Trilling

    2014-01-01

    While watching television, more and more citizens comment the program live on social media. This is especially interesting in the case of political debates, as viewers’ comments might not only allow us to tap into public opinion, but they can also be an influential factor of their own and contribute

  20. Die menswaardigheid van die menslike embrio: die debat tot dusver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M. Vorster

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The human dignity of the human embryo: the debate thus farThis article examines some recent arguments regarding the ethics of stem cell research as they are discussed in the various essays in the publication of Gruen et al. (2007, “Stem cell research: the ethical issues”. Regarding the use of human embryos in stem cell research, these essays discuss among other things the potential of the human embryo, the moral status (human dignity of the human embryo, the creation of chimeras, the sale of ocytes and other ethical issues in modern bioethics. Eventually the article draws attention to the main ethical problems at stake to be dealt with by Christian ethics using a deontological ethical theory. Christian ethics should focus on these problems in the on-going ethical debate regarding stem cell research.

  1. Metaphors, stigma and the 'Alzheimerization' of the euthanasia debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, Megan-Jane

    2013-07-01

    This paper reports the findings of an unobtrusive research inquiry investigating the possible use and misuse of Alzheimer's disease in public policy debate on the legalization of euthanasia. The component of the study being reported identified the problematic use of five key metaphors: the Alzheimer metaphor, which in turn was reinforced by three additional metaphors--the epidemic metaphor, the military metaphor, and the predatory thief metaphor; and the euthanasia metaphor. All metaphors were found to be morally loaded and used influentially to stigmatize Alzheimer's disease and mediate public opinion supporting the legalization of euthanasia as an end-of-life 'solution' for people with the disease. It is contended that, in the interests of promoting intellectual honesty and giving proper recognition to the extraordinary complexity of the issue, the problematic use and influence of metaphoric thinking in the public debate about Alzheimer's disease and euthanasia needs to be made transparent, questioned and challenged.

  2. The heterogeneity of mental representation: Ending the imagery debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Joel; Kosslyn, Stephen M

    2015-08-18

    The possible ways that information can be represented mentally have been discussed often over the past thousand years. However, this issue could not be addressed rigorously until late in the 20th century. Initial empirical findings spurred a debate about the heterogeneity of mental representation: Is all information stored in propositional, language-like, symbolic internal representations, or can humans use at least two different types of representations (and possibly many more)? Here, in historical context, we describe recent evidence that humans do not always rely on propositional internal representations but, instead, can also rely on at least one other format: depictive representation. We propose that the debate should now move on to characterizing all of the different forms of human mental representation.

  3. Qualitative inquiry and the debate between hermeneutics and critical theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, James A; DeForge, Ryan T

    2014-11-01

    Two issues have been central to ongoing disputes about judgments of quality in qualitative inquiry: (a) the ways in which paradigmatic orientations are understood to guide procedural decisions and (b) the meaning and intelligibility of paradigmatic incommensurability. In this article, we address these two key issues through an exploration of the debates between hermeneutics and critical social theory, including the exchanges between Hans-Georg Gadamer and Jurgen Habermas, and between Richard Rorty and Thomas McCarthy. We suggest that the key epistemological issue addressed in these debates is the nature of interpretation, separating the two philosophical camps based on beliefs about whether foundational knowledge is possible to achieve. We conclude the article by discussing the implications of these different positions for beliefs about quality in qualitative inquiry, and comment on the role of judgment in assessments of the value and quality of different approaches to qualitative research.

  4. ON THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC HISTORY IN THE CONVERGENCE DEBATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael W. Brandl

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available For over a decade and a half macroeconomists who study economic growth have been embroiled in a debate over the issue of economic convergence. That is, for similar economies do poorer economies tend to catch-up to richer economies? The answer to the question goes to the very core of how economists explain economic growth. Macro theorists have developed scores of economic growth models to address this question. In addition, numerous econometric tests have been conducted attempting to answer this convergence question. Yet one group of economists that have not had much impact on this issue are economic historians. However when economic history is used to augment the theoretical and empirical investigations of the convergence question, the results can be striking. This paper seeks to stimulate economic historians interest in the convergence debate by illustrating the impact economic historical research can have on this important topic.

  5. Debating food security policy in two different ideational settings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farsund, Arild Aurvåg; Daugbjerg, Carsten

    2017-01-01

    (agriculture is considered a unique economic sector with special market and production conditions). It is demonstrated in the article how these two opposing institutionalised ideational foundations have influenced the nature of the food security debate in the two countries. In Australia, the debate emphasises......Food security has emerged as a relatively new policy issue in agricultural policy making in developed countries. This policy problem is addressed within an institutional landscape in which agricultural ideas and institutions are well-established. In this article, food security policy making...... in Australia and Norway is compared. In Australia, agricultural normalism (agricultural markets and production are considered to be similar to those of other economic sectors) has been dominant since the mid-1980s, while Norwegian agricultural policy making has been dominated by agricultural exceptionalism...

  6. Ruy Mauro Marini, un imprescindible para el debate latinoamericano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel M. Slipak

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The militant and Brazilian academic, Ruy Mauro Marini, is generally recognized as one of the main references in what has become known as the Marxist perspective of "dependency theory", of great importance in the political and social debate in Latin America during the 1960s and 1970s. In this article we intend to revisit some of its major contributions to critical thinking in our region. Regardless of place them historically, we affirm that it is an author with full force for compression of specific legality of the laws of capitalism in dependent economies, the debate on the international insertion of the region and the role of social movements in the XXI Century. In addition to some unavoidable references to his personal life path, we will focus primarily to how Marini analyze the Dependency Cycle, which is inseparable from the concepts of Sub-imperialism, Super-exploitation of the labor force and Antagonic Cooperation

  7. Relevance of the nature vs nurture debate to clinical nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McVicar, A; Clancy, J

    The philosophy of holistic care underpins nurse education, and the 'nature-nurture debate' is frequently used to facilitate discussion regarding the influence of interactions with the environment in 'shaping' the individual. A limitation to this approach is that much of the work cited in the literature relates primarily to psychosocial interactions. This conveys a narrow perspective on holism, and creates an impression that the debate cannot be applied to other aspects of health and wellbeing, yet models of nursing care emphasize the need for nurses to appreciate the interactional basis of health. This article uses examples from mental health, physical health and the influence of ageing, to argue that interactions must be viewed from a much wider perspective. Only in doing so can the principles and application of holistic care, and an understanding of the bases of health education practices, be appreciated.

  8. The visible politics of the privatization debate in Quebec.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contandriopoulos, Damien; Abelson, Julia; Lamarche, Paul; Bohémier, Katia

    2012-08-01

    This paper analyzes the debates surrounding the privatization of health services financing in Quebec. The objective is to clarify policy-making processes with regard to this important issue and, more generally, to provide a realistic understanding of health-related policy processes in Canada. The analysis is based on a large and continuous sample of mass media and National Assembly debates on the question during the four-and-a-half years following the Chaoulli ruling of the Supreme Court of Canada. These data are used to test four hypotheses about relationships among the types of political actors involved, their policy preferences, the rhetoric they use and the anticipated policy effects they assert. The results are applied to a discussion of questions about the factors that influence the effectiveness of political communication.

  9. Kan man opstille adfærdsregler for offentlig debat?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Koch

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel slår til lyd for at vi har brug for adfærdsregler for offentlig debat. De skal ikke bestå i begrænsninger af ytringsfriheden og selvcensur, ikke i nedfældede bestemmelser eller organer til at håndhæve dem – men i skærpet refleksion, bevidsthed og diskussion om hvad der er rimelig adfærd i offentlig debat. Især blandt journalister, medie- og kommunikations-forskere og politiske kommentatorer kunne denne skærpede bevidsthed være ønskelig; den kunne f.eks. få dem til at være mere kritisk agtpågivende når politikere og andre personer med indflydelse offentligt diskuterer og besvarer spørgsmål.

  10. Ssk or Esw? -- the Bloor-Lynch Debate Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Kai-Yuan

    2014-03-01

    Philosophical discussions of rule-following in the later Wittgenstein (1953, 1967) are an important source of inspiration for the development of views on the social nature of scientific knowledge. Two major opposing views in this inquiry -- Bloor's sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) (1983, 1991, 1992, 1997) and Lynch's (1992, 1993) ethnomethodological studies of work (ESW) -- represent two positions derived from two different readings of Wittgenstein's later writings on rule-following. The aim of this paper is two-fold. One is to re-examine the noted Bloor-Lynch debate by considering Kusch's (2004) recent discussion of this debate. Another is to show that a new semantic framework of rule-following ascriptions based on a cognitive approach to the study of generics can be provided such that SSK and ESW are compatible in it (Leslie, 2009; Cheng, 2011).

  11. Ética y ciencia en el debate actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plinio Negrete

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available La moderna cultura occidental insisten en validar el supuesto de que la ciencia y la ética corresponden a esperas separadas y lógicamente disjuntas de la actividad humana. La influencia cartesiana agrega elementos que refuerzan la doctrina de neutralidad científica, lo cual ha complicado seriamente la relacion de la ciencia y la ética en la sociedad moderna. La ciencia actual ha avanzado hacia formas de integración, creando espacios para un debate que abre posibilidades a la ética como fundamento de una nueva racionalidad científica. En este trabajo se señalan algunos aspectos de este debate.

  12. Current Debates in Corporate Social Responsibility: An Agenda for Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Crowther

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR has a particular prominence at this point in time, featuring heavily in the discourses of both academe and business. The understanding of what is meant by CSR continues to evolve as a consensus is reached. Nevertheless some important debates continue – or are commencing – which need to be resolved. It is the purpose of this paper to highlight these as some of the current debates within the CSR community – and hence form a significant part of an agenda for research in the area. Specifically we focus upon three key areas for the management of business, namely setting standards for reporting, identifying and implementing sustainable practice, and the management of risk.

  13. La iniciataiva Yasuní - ITT en los debates europeos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthieu LeQuang

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo busca analizar algunos puntos de debate de la Iniciativa Yasuní-ITT en Europa: dejar el petróleo bajo tierra lo que cuestiona nuestra dependencia a este recurso natural finito; su integración en las negociaciones internacionales; y su vínculo con las políticas nacionales, sobre todo con el Plan Nacional para el Buen Vivir, con el objetivo de cambiar de modelo de desarrollo.

  14. Complex PTSD and phased treatment in refugees: a debate piece

    OpenAIRE

    ter Heide, F. Jackie June; Trudy M. Mooren; Kleber, Rolf J.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Asylum seekers and refugees have been claimed to be at increased risk of developing complex posttraumatic stress disorder (complex PTSD). Consequently, it has been recommended that refugees be treated with present-centred or phased treatment rather than stand-alone trauma-focused treatment. This recommendation has contributed to a clinical practice of delaying or waiving trauma-focused treatment in refugees with PTSD.Objective: The aim of this debate piece is to defend two theses:...

  15. A Programmable Timing System for Debating Training and Competitions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Michael; Collier; Pamela; Collier

    2010-01-01

    <正>A piece of equipment designed under a multi-disciplinary project in Shandong University of Science and Technology is described.The purpose is to indicate speech-time status to speakers in debates by presenting a three-light output The speech length may be programmed by the user with a combination of buttons and LCD display.The system is portable and microcontroller-based,using on-chip timers for accurate measurement of durations.

  16. Imperial Senate: American Legislative Debates on Empire, 1898-1917

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    with the opposition to imperialism, and links the legislative agitation of 1898–1900 to subsequent resistance to the Treaty of Versailles .45 Welch...century attempts, starting with the rejection of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The related debates reflected not only a change in the role of this...culminating in his successful opposition to President Wilson over the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.111 While the diehard administration partisans were

  17. Debates in allergy medicine: food intolerance does exist

    OpenAIRE

    VANDENPLAS, Y.

    2015-01-01

    Background Health care professionals and patients mix and mingle (hyper)sensitivity, allergy and intolerance. The consequences are discrepancies which result in confusion. The following is a very personal point of view, intended to start a debate to come to consensus. Objectives We aimed to clarify the proposed terminology for the primary health care professional from the point of view of the pediatric gastroenterologist. Results Many patients present with symptoms “related to food ingestion”...

  18. Book review: The meaning of matrimony: debating same sex marriage

    OpenAIRE

    Knrishnan, Sneha

    2013-01-01

    "The Meaning of Matrimony: Debating Same Sex Marriage." Anastasia de Waal (ed). CIVITAS Publications. June 2013. --- The Meaning of Matrimony attempts to capture the key arguments for and against marriage for gay couples in England and Wales. The contributors consider whether the Government’s legislation for same-sex marriage is liberal or illiberal; whether marriage should embody ‘tradition’ or social change; who speaks for the support and opposition of same-sex marriage; and importantly, th...

  19. [The sanitary question in the modernity-postmodernity debate].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iriart, C; Spinelli, H

    1994-12-01

    This work analyzes the sanitary question in the modernity-postmodernity debate. Such analyses are performed form a philosophical position that states the crisis of Modernity and questions the ideological twist that to itself propitiates postmodernity, shutting out questioning views or visions. It propitiates an alternative view of politics, thinking of it from the potency plane and giving a role to the subject in the decision of producing transformations.

  20. Complex PTSD and phased treatment in refugees : a debate piece

    OpenAIRE

    ter Heide, F. Jackie June; Mooren, Trudy M.; Kleber, Rolf J.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Asylum seekers and refugees have been claimed to be at increased risk of developing complex posttraumatic stress disorder (complex PTSD). Consequently, it has been recommended that refugees be treated with present-centred or phased treatment rather than stand-alone trauma-focused treatment. This recommendation has contributed to a clinical practice of delaying or waiving trauma-focused treatment in refugees with PTSD.Objective: The aim of this debate piece is to defend two theses:...

  1. FAIR VALUE ACCOUNTING CRISIS DEBATE – A REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FLORIAN MARCEL NUŢĂ

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The last decade characterized by financial crisis and global context changes put into discussion the fair-value accounting. Both the professionals and the academics debated even the role of the FVA in the crisis mechanism and its limitations regarding the business environment protection against the crisis effects. Our paper reviews the different opinions and doctrine trends discussing the future of FVA accounting, challenges to be tackled and proper improvements.

  2. Piaget e Vygotsky - um debate possível

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Suzana De Stefano Menin

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo sobre Piaget e Vygotsky apresentamos alguns conceitos dos dois autores a respeito de três fatores que atuam no desenvolvimento da cognição o ambiente social, a linguagem e os constituintes biológicos. Comparações sobre o significado desses termos são tecidas e, a partir delas, apresentamos questões que podem sugerir prosseguimentos para o debate entre os autores.

  3. An Overview of Latin American Health Policies and Debates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asa Cristina Laurell

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available It is now 15 years since the publication of Investing in Health (World Bank, 1993, a report which set the course for health care system reform in Latin America and around of the world. Since that time a great many studies about the reforms have been published and new reforms have been launched to “correct” the defects of the earlier ones. The objective of this paper is to call into question the entire current political debate over health care, as well as to clarify key concepts and practices. To this end I will analyze the current vogue of interrelated proposals for a second reform of the state. I will examine debates over insurance as a way of grant universal coverage; the separation between the regulation, financing and provision of health services; and the public private partnerships for the construction, financing, and management of hospitals. This paper will also examine the development of a new scientific discourse around “evidence-based policies” and academic referral networks. The goal of this paper is not to offer a comprehensive treatment of these issues, but rather to question some assumptions and contribute to the larger debate.

  4. Methylprednisolone for acute spinal cord injury: an increasingly philosophical debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian A Bowers

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Following publication of NASCIS II, methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPSS was hailed as a breakthrough for patients with acute spinal cord injury (SCI. MPSS use for SCI has since become very controversial and it is our opinion that additional evidence is unlikely to break the stalemate amongst clinicians. Patient opinion has the potential to break this stalemate and we review our recent findings which reported that spinal cord injured patients informed of the risks and benefits of MPSS reported a preference for MPSS administration. We discuss the implications of the current MPSS debate on translational research and seek to address some misconceptions which have evolved. As science has failed to resolve the MPSS debate we argue that the debate is an increasingly philosophical one. We question whether SCI might be viewed as a serious condition like cancer where serious side effects of therapeutics are tolerated even when benefits may be small. We also draw attention to the similarity between the side effects of MPSS and isotretinoin which is prescribed for the cosmetic disorder acne vulgaris. Ultimately we question how patient autonomy should be weighed in the context of current SCI guidelines and MPSS′s status as a historical standard of care.

  5. The historical debate on brain and legal responsibility--revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroeber, Hans-Ludwig

    2007-01-01

    The actual discussion on brain research, free will, and legal responsibility repeats all the arguments of a very similar discussion in central Europe 100 years ago, around 1900. Already back then the idea that human perception, emotions, thinking and behavior have a material basis was not new. It is conditioned and limited by the structure and workings of the brain. This applies to sane and sick brains alike. In this debate criminality was made a topic of biology by interpreting it as a symptom of genetic "degeneration". In regard to brain damage in humans with socially deviant behavior, psychiatry claimed responsibility for a large proportion of criminals. This article lays out some important positions of psychiatry and jurisprudence in this debate on the foundations of legal responsibility and their impact up to now. The debate leads to the conclusion that human behavior cannot be described adequately in physical terms of cause and effect. The psychological approach to describe reasons, motives and intentions is substantially more appropriate. This method is also accepted by criminal law. Copyright (c) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Why the debate over minimal risk needs to be reconsidered.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binik, Ariella; Weijer, Charles

    2014-08-01

    Minimal risk is a central concept in the ethical analysis of research with children. It is defined as the risks ". . . ordinarily encountered in daily life . . . ." But the question arises: who is the referent for minimal risk? Commentators in the research ethics literature often answer this question by endorsing one of two possible interpretations: the uniform interpretation (which is also known as the absolute interpretation) or the relative interpretation of minimal risk. We argue that describing the debate over minimal risk as a disagreement between the uniform and the relative interpretation impedes progress on the identification of a justifiable referent for minimal risk. There are two main problems with this approach: (1) constructing the debate over minimal risk as a disagreement between a uniform and a relative interpretation misconstrues the main difference between competing interpretations and (2) neither the uniform nor the relative interpretation identifies one unique and consistent group of children as the referent for minimal risk. We conclude that progress on the debate over minimal risk requires that we abandon the uniform and relative interpretations and address the main moral problem at stake: whether healthy children or the subjects of the research should be the referent for minimal risk.

  7. Methylprednisolone for acute spinal cord injury: an increasingly philosophical debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Christian A; Kundu, Bornali; Hawryluk, Gregory W J

    2016-06-01

    Following publication of NASCIS II, methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPSS) was hailed as a breakthrough for patients with acute spinal cord injury (SCI). MPSS use for SCI has since become very controversial and it is our opinion that additional evidence is unlikely to break the stalemate amongst clinicians. Patient opinion has the potential to break this stalemate and we review our recent findings which reported that spinal cord injured patients informed of the risks and benefits of MPSS reported a preference for MPSS administration. We discuss the implications of the current MPSS debate on translational research and seek to address some misconceptions which have evolved. As science has failed to resolve the MPSS debate we argue that the debate is an increasingly philosophical one. We question whether SCI might be viewed as a serious condition like cancer where serious side effects of therapeutics are tolerated even when benefits may be small. We also draw attention to the similarity between the side effects of MPSS and isotretinoin which is prescribed for the cosmetic disorder acne vulgaris. Ultimately we question how patient autonomy should be weighed in the context of current SCI guidelines and MPSS's status as a historical standard of care.

  8. Current debate in the oncologic management of rectal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millard, Trish; Kunk, Paul R; Ramsdale, Erika; Rahma, Osama E

    2016-10-15

    Despite the considerable amount of research in the field, the management of locally advanced rectal cancer remains a subject to debate. To date, effective treatment centers on surgical resection with the standard approach of total mesorectal resection. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy have been incorporated in order to decrease local and systemic recurrence. While it is accepted that a multimodality treatment regimen is indicated, there remains significant debate for how best to accomplish this in regards to order, dosing, and choice of agents. Preoperative radiation is the standard of care, yet remains debated with the option for chemoradiation, short course radiation, and even ongoing studies looking at the possibility of leaving radiation out altogether. Chemotherapy was traditionally incorporated in the adjuvant setting, but recent reports suggest the possibility of improved efficacy and tolerance when given upfront. In this review, the major studies in the management of locally advanced rectal cancer will be discussed. In addition, future directions will be considered such as the role of immunotherapy and ongoing trials looking at timing of chemotherapy, inclusion of radiation, and non-operative management.

  9. [Personal genomics: are we debating the right Issues?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vayena, E; Mauch, F

    2012-07-25

    The debate about personal genomics and their role in personalized medicine has been, to some extent, hijacked by the controversy about commercially available genomic tests sold directly to consumers. The clinical validity and utility of such tests are currently limited and most medical associations recommend that consumers refrain from testing. Conversely, DTC genomics proponents and particularly the DTC industry argue that there is personal utility in acquiring genomic information. While it is necessary to debate risks and benefits of DTC genomics, we should not lose sight of the increasingly important role that genomics will play in medical practice and public health. Therefore, and in anticipation of this shift we also need to focus on important implications from the use of genomics information such as genetic discrimination, privacy protection and equitable access to health care. Undoubtedly, personal genomics will challenge our social norms maybe more than our medicine. Sticking to the polarization of «to have or not to have DTC genomics» risks to takes us away from the critical issues we need to be debating.

  10. Brunch and debate on theatre and quantum physics

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    The "Comédie de Genève" theatre is organizing a brunch on Sunday 18 January to accompany the play "Kaïros, sisyphes et zombies" which is playing from 15 to 25 January. Michel Cassé, astrophysicist and Director of Research at the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA) in Paris, will come to debate with the play’s director, Oskar Gómez Mata, and the entire Kaïros team on the topic of "Théâtre – physique quantique: enquête sur le réel". While the parents take part in the "debate-brunch", the children can have fun with activities organized by "la Bulle d’Air" musical association. Sunday 18 January The brunch starts at 11:30 followed by the debate at 12:30, "la Bulle d’Air" activities will run from 12:30 to 14:00. La Comédie de Genève, 6 bd des Philosophes, 1205 Geneva Entry with brunch: 18 CHF (15 CHF for members). Entry without brunch: 10 CHF Animation for the children: free.

  11. Individuo y feminismo. Notas desde America Latina

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Araujo, Kathya

    2009-01-01

    .... La presentacion aborda los avatares de su recepcion teorica y politica, ademas se detiene en las consecuencias que este modo de comprension tiene en el ambito de la produccion de conocimientos...

  12. Movimentos feministas, feminismos Feminist movements, feminisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suely Gomes Costa

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta comunicação examina tendências atuais das práticas e teorias feministas. No plano das ações políticas, remarca a tendência ao backlash, acentuando interesses do avanço neoliberal. No teórico, avalia impactos dos paradigmas feministas sobre a história das mulheres e estudos das relações de gênero, com destaque para ocultações de singularidades da história das mulheres no Brasil e para o conhecimento da matéria, a qualidade da produção intelectual e a orientação dos movimentos feministas. Sugere um esforço de atualização teórica como parte da militância feminista na academia. Propõe agenda de trabalhos para balanços e inventários de temas que refinem conceitos e atualizem referências de lutas feministas.This paper examines the present-day trends of feminist practices and theories. On what concerns political actions, it deals with the backlash trend, stressing the interests of neo-liberal progression. In the theoretical field it evaluates the impacts of feminist paradigms on women history and gender relation studies, giving special attention to the occultation of singularities of women history in Brazil and to the knowledge of the subject, the value of intellectual production and the bias of feminist movements. It suggests an effort of theoretical updating as a means of feminist militancy in the academic sphere. It proposes an agenda of researches in order to prepare accounts and registers of some themes that may improve certain concepts and update references of feminist struggles.

  13. Genetic engineering in agriculture and corporate engineering in public debate: risk, public relations, and public debate over genetically modified crops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Rajeev; Torres, Robert J; Rosset, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Corporations have long influenced environmental and occupational health in agriculture, doing a great deal of damage, making substantial profits, and shaping public debate to make it appear that environmental misfortunes are accidents of an otherwise well-functioning system, rather than systemic. The debate over the genetically modified (GM) crops is an example. The largest producer of commercial GM seeds, Monsanto, exemplifies the industry's strategies: the invocation of poor people as beneficiaries, characterization of opposition as technophobic or anti-progress, and portrayal of their products as environmentally beneficial in the absence of or despite the evidence. This strategy is endemic to contemporary market capitalism, with its incentives to companies to externalize health and environmental costs to increase profits.

  14. Evaluation the Impact of Human Interaction/Debate on Online News to Improve User Interfaces for Debate Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulrahman Alqahtani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The average of many people trust online comments for any news as much as personal recommendations [1], [2]. In this paper, we analyzed the impact of the online news’s comments to evaluating the threading models of electronic debates by using online surveys. In this paper, based on the results of our online survey of 500 participants, we evaluated whether forums with comments concerning online news are appropriate for the study of debates. In particular, we have to verify whether the nature of discussions around news is argumentative and whether the participating people expect to engage in multiple rounds of arguments. We presented DirectDemocracyP2P application as a user interface for decentralized debates. In this paper, we evaluated and analyzed the comments that were collected from online surveys to improve the DirectDemocracyP2P applications. Also we have to verify whether the actual comments commonly submitted around news do go beyond the simple advertisement of one own’s merchandise and attacks of competitors, into fair reviews of news features and quality.

  15. Assessing the 1992 Presidential and Vice Presidential Debates: The Public Rationale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Carol K.; Black, Catherine F.

    1993-01-01

    Reports on the rationales used by viewers in determining winners and conclusions about televised political campaign debates. Studies responses of 370 viewers of the 1992 presidential and vice presidential debates. Analyzes data and determines trends suggested by the results. (HB)

  16. Influence of the Ford-Carter Debates on Dutch TV Viewers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Bock, Harold

    1978-01-01

    Reports that, for Dutch viewers, the televised debates between Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter helped develop a presidential preference, regardless of the viewers' own political orientations, and that the debates may have benefited Carter. (GW)

  17. A atualidade do marxismo para o debate ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Inacio Andrioli

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Karl Marx contribuiu decisivamente para o progresso do debate sobre a relação entre economia e natureza, ao interpretar a acumulação capitalista através das suas contradições sociais, ao contrário da concepção clássica liberal, baseada restritamente nas limitações naturais. De acordo com as análises de Marx, a continuidade do modo de produção capitalista, orientado, prioritariamente, pela maximização dos lucros, conduz, tendencialmente, a uma crescente exploração, alienação e expropriação da força de trabalho, por um lado, e, por outro, à deteriorização da base de produção econômica, da fonte da riqueza, ou seja, da natureza. Como esse debate evoluiu no decorrer dos tempos? Qual é a atualidade do pensamento marxiano diante da crise ecológica mundial? É essa a abordagem do presente texto, que se insere no debate teórico e político da obra de Marx e do marxismo contemporâneo.

  18. Amicus curiae, justicia constitucional y fortalecimiento cualitativo del debate jurisdiccional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Bazán

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio indaga sobre los perfiles actuales del amicus curiae y su importancia en el despliegue de la justicia constitucional. Analiza asimismo su utilidad como instrumento para viabilizar la participación ciudadana en el debate judicial en torno a asuntos de interés institucional y social, y evalúa su aporte cualitativo al acervo argumental de los tribunales internos e internacionales de derechos humanos, sobre la base del crecimiento de los espacios de interacción del derecho constitucional, el derecho procesal constitucional y el derecho internacional de los derechos humanos.

  19. Ética y ciencia en el debate actual

    OpenAIRE

    Plinio Negrete

    2002-01-01

    La moderna cultura occidental insisten en validar el supuesto de que la ciencia y la ética corresponden a esperas separadas y lógicamente disjuntas de la actividad humana. La influencia cartesiana agrega elementos que refuerzan la doctrina de neutralidad científica, lo cual ha complicado seriamente la relacion de la ciencia y la ética en la sociedad moderna. La ciencia actual ha avanzado hacia formas de integración, creando espacios para un debate que abre posibilidades a la ética como fundam...

  20. Nuclear power and the Hamilton-Jefferson debate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hacker, A.

    The basic sources of nuclear opposition derive from the philosophical arguments of Thomas Jefferson against Alexander Hamilton's vision of an industrial society with a strong central authority. Today's young people continue Jefferson's radical plea for the individual freedoms associated with personal ownership and limited government, but they accept the structure of the former while searching for the romanticism of the latter. The nuclear debate reflects this dichotomy and will continue even if the issues of waste disposal and safety are resolved. (DCK)

  1. Debating as an educational method to science and citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Calcagnini

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available If one of aims of science today is to respond to the real needs of society, it must find a new way to communicate with people and to be acquainted with their opinions and knowledge. Many science museums in Europe are adopting new ways to actively engage the public in the debate on topical scientific issues. The Museum of Science and Technology "Leonardo da Vinci" in Milan (partner of the SEDEC project has thus experimented some formats for dialogue with teachers and with the public in general. Our experience shows that museums can be places where science and the public on the one hand and democracy on the other meet.

  2. Questões LGBT em debate: sobre desafios e conquistas

    OpenAIRE

    De Mello, Luiz; Braz,Camilo; Freitas, Fátima Regina Almeida de; Avelar,Rezende Bruno de

    2012-01-01

    v. 15, n. 1, p. 27-151, jan./jun. 2012. Neste texto são apresentadas reflexões acerca da história recente do movimento LGBT no Brasil, com ênfase em seus principais desafios e conquistas. O que se destaca, neste contexto, é o caráter contraditório dos debates públicos acerca da cidadania de lésbicas, gays, bissexuais, travestis e transexuais, haja vista que sua humanidade não parece consensualmente reconhecida pelo conjunto da sociedade e que os discursos de grupos religiosos fundamentalista...

  3. PSYCHOANALYSIS AND NEUROSCIENCE: A MAP OF THE DEBATES

    OpenAIRE

    MARCIA MORAES DAVIDOVICH

    2009-01-01

    Na presente dissertação elaboramos um mapa dos debates sobre a possibilidade de se articular Psicanálise e Neurociência, em que identificamos três grupos principais, cada um com seus próprios pressupostos, em função dos quais lhes atribuímos diferentes designações: hibridação, isolamento e interlocução. Posicionamo-nos a favor do terceiro grupo - interlocução - e contrariamente aos demais, deixando explícito, ao longo da dissertação, o motivo do nosso posicioname...

  4. El debate entre Zapatero/Rajoy: estudio argumentativo

    OpenAIRE

    Catalina, Fuentes Rodríguez

    2011-01-01

    En este artículo nos acercamos al estudio de las estrategias y mecanismos argumentativos empleados por Zapatero y Rajoy en el debate que celebraron en televisión en 2008. Lo habitual en él es el enfrentamiento, la destrucción de las tesis del contrario, atacando su imagen, de forma agresiva a veces. Uno de los mecanismos empleados es la subjetividad (modalidad, enunciación) o incluso el utilizar un registro informal como modo de acercamiento al votante medio. Los finales de intervención se co...

  5. Agrotóxicos: falsas premissas e debates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sobreira Antônio Elísio Garcia

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Os impactos de origem ocupacional e ambiental relacionados ao uso de agrotóxicos têm como alvo imediato a saúde coletiva. Os problemas gerados pela adoção desta tecnologia decorrem de premissas difundidas pelo Estado e pelas empresas-mundo podendo ser analisados à luz de três debates interdependentes: a (incapacidade do Estado fiscalizar e garantir o cumprimento de suas normas legais, o aparelhamento necessário para os monitoramentos de saúde pública e ambientais requeridos e o tipo de pesquisa a ser desenvolvida pelo corpo de pesquisadores.

  6. Discourses of transparency in the Intellectual Capital reporting debate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Christian; Madsen, Mona Toft

      Our study of the field intellectual capital reporting indicates the necessity of an emancipation from the normative understanding of transparency being merely a question of disclosing as much information as possible. Through a critical discourse analysis of the intellectual capital reporting...... debate, we identify a movement from generic reporting models to frameworks based on management defined information. The latter discourse argues that transparency is a question of providing fewer, more structured disclosures as well as focusing on illustrating flows, e.g. of intellectual capital and value...

  7. [Active teaching-learning methodologies in health education: current debates].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitre, Sandra Minardi; Siqueira-Batista, Rodrigo; Girardi-de-Mendonça, José Márcio; de Morais-Pinto, Neila Maria; Meirelles, Cynthia de Almeida Brandão; Pinto-Porto, Cláudia; Moreira, Tânia; Hoffmann, Leandro Marcial Amaral

    2008-12-01

    The vertiginous transformations of the contemporary societies have been raising questions concerning aspects of professional education. Such questions have been raised in a more and more incisive way. This debate gains a new shape when applied to health work, where theory and practice cannot be dissociated, and where the development of an integral vision of the human being and the amplification of the concept care are essential for a proper performance. Based on these considerations, this article aims to discuss the main methodological transformations in the education process of health professionals, with emphasis to active teaching-learning methodologies.

  8. THE DEBATE OF THE MODERN THEORIES OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC GROWTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Díaz-Bautista

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available How do we explain the differences in economic growth in different parts of the nation and the world during the last sixty years? The objective of the study is to survey the traditional theories and models of regional economic growth. The growth literature to date has proposed several answers, included in the neoclassical models, exogenous technological progress and recent endogenous models that emphasize capital accumulation through externalities, learning by doing, or in conjunction with human capital. The paper looks at the recent theoretical and empirical debate related to the theory of regional economic growth.

  9. DEBATE MULTICULTURAL - etnia, clase y nación.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Mora-Ninci

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available DEBATE MULTICULTURAL - etnia, clase y nación.h2 { margin-right: 0.11cm; margin-top: 0.07cm; margin-bottom: 0cm; color: rgb(74, 106, 166; page-break-after: auto; }h2.western { font-family: "Arial",sans-serif; font-size: 10pt; }h2.cjk { font-family: "DejaVu Sans"; font-size: 10pt; }h2.ctl { font-family: "Arial",sans-serif; font-size: 10pt; }p { margin-bottom: 0.21cm; }

  10. Development of a Working Model of the Comparative Advantages Approach to Affirmative Debate Case Construction. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matheny, David L.

    This study attempted to determine if the "comparative advantages" debate case is a legitimate and logical approach to affirmative case construction in college and high school debate. The study population totaled 25 high school debate directors and 40 college and university debate directors. Four tape-recorded debates, in which an affirmative team…

  11. A calf is born : a reconstruction of the public debate on animal biotechnology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theune, E.

    2001-01-01

    'How should public debates be understood?' is the central question of this study. And it is answered by reconstructing a single public debate, namely the debate about the transgenic bull Herman. Herman the bull was created by Gene Pharming in 1989. An extra gene has been inserted in his genome as to

  12. Debate: a teaching strategy to improve verbal communication and critical-thinking skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, M; Schoener, L; Hood, L

    1996-01-01

    Debate is presented as a valuable learning activity for teaching critical thinking and improving communication skills. Included in the discussion are a brief history of the use of debate as a teaching strategy, the responsibilities of the teacher and learner when using debate in the classroom, and its many advantages for developing competencies in communication and critical thinking.

  13. Provincialising the World Culture Theory Debate: Critical Insights from a Margin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takayama, Keita

    2015-01-01

    Neo-institutionalist theory of global "isomorphism", or so-called World Culture Theory (WCT), has been much debated in comparative education. One notable feature of the debate is that the vast majority of its participants belong to a handful of closely knit comparative education communities. Ironically enough then, a debate that…

  14. The Bartholomae-Elbow Debate and Conflicting Progressivisms in Composition Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Early, Robert

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation reads David Bartholomae's and Peter Elbow's famous debate about academic and personal writing as a debate about how best to empower students, both as individuals and as representatives of communities, according to a progressive understanding of student-empowerment. I read the debate both in terms of its historical context--as a…

  15. Electronic Mail and the Development of Debate Theory: A Case Study of the Tabula Rasa Paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, C. B.; Krug, Liza

    This paper focuses on the role that electronic mail, specifically CEDA-L (the Cross Examination Debate Association listserv) and NDT-L (National Debate Tournament listserv), play in the development of debate theory. The tabula rasa paradigm is chosen as the case study. Through a rhetorical analysis of the postings regarding tabula rasa and limited…

  16. A calf is born : a reconstruction of the public debate on animal biotechnology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theune, E.

    2001-01-01

    'How should public debates be understood?' is the central question of this study. And it is answered by reconstructing a single public debate, namely the debate about the transgenic bull Herman. Herman the bull was created by Gene Pharming in 1989. An extra gene has been inserted in his genome as to

  17. Debating the Issues: A Tool for Augmenting Critical Thinking Skills of Marketing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Abhijit; Macchiette, Bart

    2005-01-01

    The case for enhancing critical thinking as an integral part of the marketing curriculum through the debate process is presented. Linkages between critical thinking, debate, and the marketing curricula are examined in the context of desired student outcomes and learning skills. The role of the professor in planning and facilitating the debate is…

  18. Never Argue with a Kiwi: International Exchange Debating in New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saxon, John D.

    A report concerning the value of the international exchange debate tour of New Zealand sponsored by the Committee on International Discussion and Debate of the Speech Communication Association is given in this paper. The report provides an examination of the goals and benefits of international exchange debating, discusses how this particular tour…

  19. The LNT Debate in Radiation Protection: Science vs. Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mossman, Kenneth L

    2012-01-01

    There is considerable interest in revisiting LNT theory as the basis for the system of radiation protection in the US and worldwide. Arguing the scientific merits of policy options is not likely to be fruitful because the science is not robust enough to support one theory to the exclusion of others. Current science cannot determine the existence of a dose threshold, a key piece to resolving the matter scientifically. The nature of the scientific evidence is such that risk assessment at small effective doses (defined as scientifically defensible. This paper argues for an alternative approach by looking at the LNT debate as a policy question and analyzes the problem from a social and economic perspective. In other words, risk assessment and a strictly scientific perspective are insufficiently broad enough to resolve the issue completely. A wider perspective encompassing social and economic impacts in a risk management context is necessary, but moving the debate to the policy and risk management arena necessarily marginalizes the role of scientists.

  20. Taking Stock of the Diversity and Sense of Community Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, Zachary P

    2017-06-01

    Over the past couple of years, a debate has played out in the pages of the American Journal of Community Psychology concerning the relationship between two of Community Psychology's core values: promoting diversity and promoting a sense of community. This special section is to continue a discussion about diversity and community, both among the debate's initial contributors (Alex Stivala, Greg Townley, and Zachary Neal), as well as among others whose own work has touched on these issues (Anne Brodsky, Richard Florida, Jean Hill, and Roderick Watts). In this essay, I address some broad questions that have emerged through this discussion. First, because much has been written on the relationship between diversity and community, both in community psychology and in other disciplines, what do we know, or at least think we know? Second, since the constructs of diversity and sense of community are complex and multi-faceted, how can definitions get in the way and how can we avoid talking past one another in this discussion? Finally, looking across the original papers that initiated this discussion, as well as the contributions in this special section, what path(s) forward do we have? © Society for Community Research and Action 2017.