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Sample records for cutaneous b-cell lymphomas

  1. Cutaneous B cell lymphomas: Report of two interesting cases

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    Ravichandran Gurumurthy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous B cell lymphomas can arise primarily from the skin or may occur due to secondary spread from nodal lymphomas. Primary lymphomas are confined to the skin without systemic spread and they differ from secondary lymphomas in their clinical behavior, treatment and prognosis. Cutaneous lymphomas being relatively rare, lack of precise definition and understanding of their clinical behavior diseases leads to pitfalls in the diagnosis. We report two cases of cutaneous B cell lymphomas who presented with fever of unknown origin initially and later found to have skin lesions. Hence, skin can be a potential diagnostic clue in the evaluation of patients with fever of unknown origin. The distinctions between the primary and the secondary lymphomas become important in choosing the treatment and assessing the prognosis.

  2. [Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas: study of 22 cases].

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    Martín Carrasco, Pablo; Morillo Andújar, Mercedes; Pérez Ruiz, Carmen; de Zulueta Dorado, Teresa; Cabrera Pérez, Rocío; Conejo-Mir, Julián

    2016-09-02

    Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (CBCL) is a very low prevalence neoplasm and constitutes 25% of all primary cutaneous lymphomas. Our objective was to discover the epidemiological, clinic and histologic characteristics of CBCL in our area. Retrospective descriptive study with patients with histologic diagnosis of CBCL followed up in our department between 2004 and 2015. Twenty-two patients with CBCL were included; 65% were men and 35% were women. Follicle centre lymphoma was the most common subtype (41%). Only 3 cases presented with node involvement and one with bone marrow invasion. Five recurrences were detected and one patient died because of the CBCL. This is one of the first CBCL series in theSpanish population. The incidence, sex, age, subtype distribution, clinical features and immunohistochemical patterns are very similar to those of the other series. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Rituximab in the treatment of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma: a review.

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    Fernández-Guarino, M; Ortiz-Romero, P L; Fernández-Misa, R; Montalbán, C

    2014-06-01

    Rituximab is a chimeric mouse-human antibody that targets the CD20 antigen, which is found in both normal and neoplastic B cells. In recent years, it has been increasingly used to treat cutaneous B-cell lymphoma and is now considered an alternative to classic treatment (radiotherapy and surgery) of 2 types of indolent lymphoma, namely, primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma and primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma. Rituximab is also administered as an alternative to polychemotherapy in the treatment of primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma, leg type. Its use as an alternative drug led to it being administered intralesionally, with beneficial effects. In the present article, we review the literature published on the use of rituximab to treat primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. and AEDV. All rights reserved.

  4. Primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the upper limb: A fascinating entity

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    Manoj Madakshira Gopal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary cutaneous lymphomas are defined as lymphoid neoplasms that present themselves clinically on the skin and do not have extra-cutaneous disease, when the diagnosis is made or even after 6 months of the diagnosis. Primary cutaneous lymphomas of B-cells are less frequent than lymphomas of T-cells. Primary B-cell lymphomas have a better prognosis than secondary B-cell lymphomas. Primary B-cell cutaneous lymphomas are classified into five types according to the World Health Organization and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer classification. The primary diffuse large B-cell cutaneous lymphoma - leg type corresponds to approximately 5-10% of the B-cell cutaneous lymphomas. It is predominantly seen in elderly people and has a female preponderance. Skin lesions can be single, multiple, and even grouped. A 5-year survival rate ranges from 36 to 100% of the cases. The expression of Bcl-2, presence of multiple lesions, and involvement of both the upper limbs lead to a worse prognosis. Very few cases have been described in the literature.

  5. Borrelia burgdorferi-associated lymphocytoma cutis simulating a primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma.

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    Grange, Florent; Wechsler, Janine; Guillaume, Jean-Claude; Tortel, Jacques; Tortel, Marie-Claire; Audhuy, Bruno; Jaulhac, Benoit; Cerroni, Lorenzo

    2002-10-01

    The distinction between primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma and B-cell pseudolymphoma on a histologic basis may be difficult, particularly in some cases of Borrelia burgdorferi-associated lymphoid proliferations. We report two cases of B. burgdorferi-associated pseudolymphoma that showed a dense infiltrate with a predominance of large atypical B cells. Because of this misleading histologic feature, a diagnosis of primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma was first suspected in both cases. In one case, successive recurrences led to aggressive therapies before the B. burgdorferi infection was recognized. However, a detailed review of histologic and immunohistochemical features was finally suggestive of a B. burgdorferi-associated pseudolymphoma in both cases. The etiologic role of B. burgdorferi was confirmed by serology, polymerase chain reaction analysis of B. burgdorferi DNA within the lesional skin, and response to antibiotic therapy. Because the distinction between B. burgdorferi-associated pseudolymphoma and primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas may be difficult and true B. burgdorferi-associated B-cell lymphomas have been described, we suggest that antibiotic therapy should be considered as a first-line treatment in suspected or confirmed cases of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma in regions with endemic B. burgdorferi infection.

  6. Breast Cancer Mimic: Cutaneous B-Cell Lymphoma Presenting as an Isolated Breast Mass

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    Margaret Taghavi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma typically localizes to the skin, and dissemination to internal organs is rare. Lymphomatous involvement of the breasts is also rare. We describe the clinical and radiological findings of an unusual case of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma presenting as an isolated breast mass without associated skin changes. Case Presentation: The patient was a 55-year-old Caucasian female who initially presented with cutaneous B-cell lymphoma around her eyes and forehead with recurrence involving the skin between her breasts. Three years after terminating treatment due to a lack of symptoms, she presented for an annual screening mammogram that found a new mass in her upper inner right breast without imaging signs of cutaneous extension. On physical examination, there were no corresponding skin findings. Due to the suspicious imaging features of the mass that caused concern for primary breast malignancy, she underwent a core biopsy which revealed cutaneous B-cell lymphoma. Conclusion: When evaluating patients with a systemic disease who present with findings atypical for that process, it is important to still consider the systemic disease as a potential etiology, particularly with lymphoma given its reputation as a great mimicker.

  7. Secondary Cutaneous Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma has a Higher International Prognostic Index Score and Worse Prognosis Than Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma, Leg Type.

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    Lee, Woo Jin; Won, Kwang Hee; Won, Chong Hyun; Chang, Sung Eun; Choi, Jee Ho; Moon, Kee Chan; Park, Chan-Sik; Huh, Jooryung; Suh, Cheolwon; Lee, Mi Woo

    2016-02-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) can be separated into 2 groups: nodal and extranodal disease. The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical features of skin lesions and survival outcomes of cutaneous DLBCL according to the primary tumour site. A total of 44 patients with cutaneous DLBCL were classified as primary cutaneous DLBCL, leg type or cutaneous DLBCL secondary to primary disease. Although skin lesion characteristics did not differ significantly between groups, extensive cutaneous lesions were more often observed in secondary cutaneous DLBCL compared with DLBCL, leg type. Secondary cutaneous DLBCL was more commonly associated with an advanced stage and higher International Prognostic Index score than DLBCL, leg type. DLBCL, leg type demonstrated a better survival outcome than secondary cutaneous DLBCL. The multiplicity of skin lesions and time-point of cutaneous involvement were associated with prognosis in secondary cutaneous DLBCL. Survival outcomes and prognostic factors differ depending on the primary tumour site of cutaneous DLBCL.

  8. MicroRNA profiling of primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphomas.

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    Lianne Koens

    Full Text Available Aberrant expression of microRNAs is widely accepted to be pathogenetically involved in nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs. However, the microRNAs profiles of primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphomas (PCLBCLs are not yet described. Its two main subtypes, i.e., primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type (PCLBCL-LT and primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma (PCFCL are characterized by an activated B-cell (ABC-genotype and a germinal center B-cell (GCB-genotype, respectively. We performed high-throughput sequencing analysis on frozen tumor biopsies from 19 cases of PCFCL and PCLBCL-LT to establish microRNA profiles. Cluster analysis of the complete microRNome could not distinguish between the two subtypes, but 16 single microRNAs were found to be differentially expressed. Single microRNA RT-qPCR was conducted on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor biopsies of 20 additional cases, confirming higher expression of miR-9-5p, miR-31-5p, miR-129-2-3p and miR-214-3p in PCFCL as compared to PCLBCL-LT. MicroRNAs previously described to be higher expressed in ABC-type as compared to GCB-type nodal DLBCL were not differentially expressed between PCFCL and PCLBCL-LT. In conclusion, PCFCL and PCLBCL-LT differ in their microRNA profiles. In contrast to their gene expression profile, they only show slight resemblance with the microRNA profiles found in GCB- and ABC-type nodal DLBCL.

  9. Treatment of indolent primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas with subcutaneous interferon-alfa.

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    Vandersee, Staffan; Terhorst, Dorothea; Humme, Daniel; Beyer, Marc

    2014-04-01

    Interferon-alfa is used in the treatment of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (PCBCL). Therapy with interferon-alfa has thus far been reported solely in case reports and small case series, mostly describing intralesional use. We sought to evaluate efficacy, response rate, time to response, duration of response, and safety of subcutaneously administered interferon-alfa for the treatment of cutaneous B-cell lymphoma. We conducted a retrospective chart analysis of patients given the diagnosis of PCBCL and treated with interferon-alfa subcutaneously at a tertiary referral center. Fifteen patients with indolent subtypes of PCBCL were identified. The overall response rate was 66.7%; all responding patients went into complete remission. Response was not significantly associated with the maximum tolerated dose. Within the median follow-up time of 40 months, 90% of the responders experienced a relapse; median duration of response was 15.5 months. Adverse events were predominantly mild and in no case led to cessation of therapy. Retrospective nature of the analysis and small number of patients because of scarcity of the disease are limitations. Treatment of indolent PCBCL with subcutaneously injected interferon-alfa demonstrated good response rates and tolerability. Response was not dose dependent. Relapses were observed in nearly all responding patients raising the question of interferon-alfa maintenance therapy in PCBCL. Copyright © 2013 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Cutaneous manifestations of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia associated with Borrelia burgdorferi infection showing a marginal zone B-cell lymphoma-like infiltrate.

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    Kash, Natalie; Fink-Puches, Regina; Cerroni, Lorenzo

    2011-10-01

    We report on a 69-year-old female patient with specific cutaneous manifestations of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia that arose at the site of erythema chronicum migrans due to Borrelia burgdorferi infection. Histological examination revealed the presence of dense infiltrates of small hyperchromatic lymphocytes admixed with clusters of plasma cells. Immunohistology showed a CD5+/CD20+ phenotype of the lymphocytes and monoclonal expression of kappa immunoglobulin light chain by the plasma cells. Presence of Borrelia DNA was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction studies. The unusual histopathological and phenotypic findings described in this case of cutaneous manifestations of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia associated with Borrelia burgdorferi infection may lead to the misdiagnosis of cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma.

  11. Transformation of a Cutaneous Follicle Center Lymphoma to a Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma—An Unusual Presentation

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    J. Dias Coelho

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma (PCFCL is characterized by a proliferation of follicle center cells in the skin. A definitive diagnosis is frequently delayed because of difficulties in interpretation of the histopathologic findings. It has an excellent prognosis with a 5-year survival over 95% and its risk of transformation has not been established. We describe a case report of man with a gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL referred to our clinic because of nodules in the back that had gradually developed over a period of 10 years. A biopsy performed 3 years before was interpreted as reactive follicular hyperplasia. A new skin biopsy revealed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangements from the initial skin biopsy (PCBCL and the DLBCL gastric biopsy were studied by polymerase chain reaction and an identical clonal rearrangement was detected which was highly suggestive of a transformation lymphoma.

  12. A case of cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma of the legs appearing as chronic venous ulceration

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    Marta Carlesimo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available We report here a case of a woman with a cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma of the legs. She had a plaque lesion, superficially ulcerated and necrotized with tumorous borders situated on the posterior side of the right leg and two red or bluish-red nodular lesions. A skin biopsy from both nodular and plaque lesion showed a diffuse infiltrate of atypical large B cells CD20+ and CD79a+, spanning epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. A therapeutic approach containing anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (rituximab was suggested.

  13. TG1042 (Adenovirus-interferon-γ in primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas: a phase II clinical trial.

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    Brigitte Dreno

    Full Text Available While a variety of registered therapies exist for Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma, no such therapy is available for Cutaneous B Cell Therapy. In this context we performed a phase II, open label, multicenter, non-comparative study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of repeated intra-lesional administrations of TG1042 (adenovirus-interferon-γ in patients with relapsing primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (CBCL.Thirteen patients have been enrolled and received intralesional injections of TG1042 containing 5×10(10 viral particles into up to six lesions simultaneously. Injections were performed on days 1, 8 and 15 of each of four consecutive 28 day cycles.Eleven (85% out of 13 enrolled patients showed an objective response after injections of TG1042. Seven patients (54% exhibited complete and four (31% displayed partial response. The median time to disease progression in the study population was 23.5 months (range 6.25 to 26+. Most commonly observed adverse events were minor to moderate flu-like symptoms, fatigue and injection site reactions.Our study showed that treatment with TG1042 was associated with a clinical benefit in the majority of the patients with relapsing CBCL, including tumor regression, a clinically meaningful duration of response and a good treatment tolerance.www.clinicaltrials.govNCT00394693.

  14. Site-specific expression of Polycomb-group genes encoding the HPC-HPH complex in clinically defined primary nodal and cutaneous large B cells lymphomas

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    Raaphorst, F.M.; Vermeer, M.; Fieret, E.; Blokzijl, T.; Dukers, N.H.T.M.; Sewalt, R.G.A.B.; Otte, A.P.; Willemze, R.; Meijer, C.J.L.M.

    2004-01-01

    Polycomb-group (PcG) genes preserve cell identity by gene silencing, and contribute to regulation of lymphopoiesis and malignant transformation. We show that primary nodal large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs), and secondary cutaneous deposits from such lymphomas, abnormally express the BMI-1, RING1, and

  15. Is bone marrow biopsy always indicated in patients with primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma?

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    Muniesa, C; Hernández-Machín, B

    2013-10-01

    Bone marrow involvement at the time of diagnosis is uncommon in patients with primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (PCMZL). Moreover, in these patients such involvement is rarely found in isolation on diagnosis. Typically the few patients with PCMZL who have early bone marrow involvement also present secondary nodal or visceral involvement, which is detected by other staging studies (usually computed tomography). In recent years, this has given rise to some debate about whether a bone marrow biopsy should be routinely performed in patients diagnosed with PCMZL in view of the good prognosis and low incidence of bone marrow infiltration and/or extracutaneous involvement in this type of lymphoma. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. and AEDV. All rights reserved.

  16. Primary cutaneous b-cell lymphoma successfully treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy alone: A case report and review of the literature

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    María F Villafañe

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (CBCL is an unusual skin neoplasm with a great range of clinical presentations. Here, we report a case of CBCL in an AIDS patient presented as a single and nodular/ulcerative lesion in the perianal area. The patient was started on highly active antiretroviral therapy alone with a good clinical and oncological response. Two years later, the patient is asymptomatic with undetectable viral load and immune reconstitution.

  17. Treatment and Outcomes in Patients With Primary Cutaneous B-Cell Lymphoma: The BC Cancer Agency Experience

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    Hamilton, Sarah N., E-mail: shamilton7@bccancer.bc.ca [University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada); Radiation Therapy Program, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver (Canada); Wai, Elaine S. [Radiation Therapy Program, BC Cancer Agency, Victoria (Canada); Tan, King [Department of Pathology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver (Canada); Alexander, Cheryl [Radiation Therapy Program, BC Cancer Agency, Victoria (Canada); Gascoyne, Randy D. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada); Department of Pathology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver (Canada); Centre for Lymphoid Cancer, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver (Canada); Connors, Joseph M. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada); Centre for Lymphoid Cancer, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver (Canada)

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: To review the treatment and outcomes of patients with primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (CBCL). Methods and Materials: Clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcomes were analyzed for all patients referred to our institution from 1981 through 2011 with primary CBCL without extracutaneous or distant nodal spread at diagnosis (n=136). Hematopathologists classified 99% of cases using the World Health Organization-European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (WHO-EORTC) guidelines. Results: Median age at diagnosis was 62 years. Classification was 18% diffuse large B-cell leg-type (DLBCL-leg), 32% follicle center (FCCL), 45% marginal zone (MZL), and 6% nonclassifiable (OTHER). Of the 111 subjects with indolent lymphoma (FCCL, MZL, OTHER), 79% received radiation alone (RT), 11% surgery alone, 3% chemotherapy alone, 4% chemotherapy followed by RT, and 3% observation. Following treatment, 29% of subjects relapsed. In-field recurrence occurred in 2% treated with RT and in 33% treated with surgery alone. Of the 25 subjects with DLBCL-leg, 52% received chemotherapy followed by RT, 24% chemotherapy, 20% RT, and 4% surgery alone. Seventy-nine percent received CHOP-type chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin or epirubicin, vincristine, prednisone), 47% with rituximab added. Overall and disease-specific survival and time to progression at 5 years were 81%, 92%, and 69% for indolent and 26%, 61%, and 54% for DLBCL-leg, respectively. On Cox regression analysis of indolent subjects, RT was associated with better time to progression (P=.05). RT dose, chemo, age >60 y, and >1 lesion were not significantly associated with time to progression. For DLBCL-leg, disease-specific survival at 5 years was 100% for those receiving rituximab versus 67% for no rituximab (P=.13). Conclusions: This review demonstrates better outcomes for indolent histology compared with DLBCL-leg, validating the prognostic utility of the WHO-EORTC classification. In the indolent group

  18. Importance of gallium-67 scintigraphy in primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma: report of two cases;Importancia da cintilografia com galio-67 no linfoma cutaneo primario de celulas B: relato de dois casos

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    Attab, Cyomara Sanches, E-mail: rubinha.attab@terra.com.b [Centro Brasileiro de Medicina Nuclear (CEBRAMEN), Goiania, GO (Brazil); Moriguchi, Sonia Marta [Fundacao Pio XII, Barretos, SP (Brazil). Hospital de Cancer; Paton, Eduardo Jose Alencar [Fundacao Pio XII, Barretos, SP (Brazil). Cancer Hospital. Div. of Hemotherapy and Bone-Marrow Transplant; Alencar, Mario Henrique Leite de [Clinica de Prevencao em Cancer, Goiania, GO, (Brazil); Rocha, Euclides Timoteo da [Fundacao Pio XII, Barretos, SP (Brazil). Cancer Hospital. Dept. of Nuclear Medicine

    2010-05-15

    The authors describe two cases of cutaneous B-cell lymphoma where correct staging, treatment and follow-up could be achieved through a combination of conventional imaging studies and gallium-67 scintigraphy. (author)

  19. Synchronous malignant B-cell lymphoma and gastric tubular adenocarcinoma associated with paraneoplastic cutaneous vasculitis: hypereosinophilic syndrome with mixed cryoglobulinemia is an important sign of paraneoplastic syndrome

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    Kenji Takamori

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Gastric adenocarcinoma developing concomitantly with a lymphoma is rare. Furthermore, B-cell lymphoma, originating from lymph nodes, with eosinophilia is extremely rare. We report here a case with a synchronous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL and an early adenocarcinoma of the stomach. In addition, this case seemed to be associated with paraneoplastic cutaneous vasculitis caused by hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES with mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC. Many neoplastic diseases that affect internal organs display cutaneous manifestations, which may be the presenting signs and symptoms of the underlying malignancy. In particular, the association between cutaneous vasculitis and malignancy has been widely reviewed, and recently neoplasms have been suggested to produce antigens and the resultant immune complex formations, activating the serum complement, thus cause paraneoplastic vasculitis. In this case, severe eosinophilia and cryoglobulinemia with low complements were observed in a laboratory test. A biopsy specimen from a skin lesion revealed leukocytoclastic vasculitis with severe perivascular infiltration of eosinophils. The cutaneous vasuculitis was considered to be a manifestation of HES with MC, although there were no etiological factors of HES and MC. Therefore, the vasculitis seems to be a symptom of paraneoplastic syndrome in this case. Our finding suggests that the potential presence of malignancies should be kept in mind as a possible underlying disorder especially in the presence of HES with MC; this possibility is interesting also as regards at least part of the pathogenesis for paraneplastic syndrome.

  20. Nivolumab With or Without Varlilumab in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Aggressive B-cell Lymphomas

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    2017-10-16

    ALK-Positive Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Atypical Burkitt/Burkitt-Like Lymphoma; Burkitt-Like Lymphoma With 11q Aberration; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Activated B-Cell Type; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Associated With Chronic Inflammation; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Germinal Center B-Cell Type; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; EBV-Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; EBV-Positive Mucocutaneous Ulcer; High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma With MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 Rearrangements; Human Herpesvirus-8-Positive Neoplastic Cells Present; Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Large B-Cell Lymphoma With IRF4 Rearrangement; Plasmablastic Lymphoma; Primary Cutaneous Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Primary Cutaneous Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Leg Type; Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Central Nervous System; Primary Effusion Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Burkitt Lymphoma; Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma; Skin Ulcer; Small Intestinal High Grade B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich Large B-Cell Lymphoma

  1. Site-specific expression of polycomb-group genes encoding the HPC-HPH/PRC1 complex in clinically defined primary nodal and cutaneous large B-cell lymphomas.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raaphorst, F.M.; Vermeer, M; Fieret, E; Blokzijl, T; Dukers, D; Sewalt, RG; Otte, AP; Willemze, R.; Meijer, C.J.L.M.

    2004-01-01

    Polycomb-group (PcG) genes preserve cell identity by gene silencing, and contribute to regulation of lymphopoiesis and malignant transformation. We show that primary nodal large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs), and secondary cutaneous deposits from such lymphomas, abnormally express the BMI-1, RING1, and

  2. Intralesional anti-CD20 antibody for low-grade primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma: Adverse reactions correlate with favorable clinical outcome.

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    Eberle, Franziska C; Holstein, Julia; Scheu, Alexander; Fend, Falko; Yazdi, Amir S

    2017-03-01

    Intralesional injection of anti-CD20 antibody (rituximab) has been described as effective therapeutic option for patients with indolent primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (PCBL). To date, no parameters that reproducibly predict favorable clinical outcome of this treatment have been identified. The study aims to evaluate the clinical response and adverse effects as well as patients' self-perception of intralesional injection of anti-CD20 antibody for treatment of indolent PCBL compared to other treatment modalities. Eleven patients with PCBL, namely primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma (n = 9) and primary cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma (n = 2), treated with intralesional anti-CD20 antibody were retrospectively evaluated for response rate and adverse events as well as their self-perception of anti-CD20 antibody therapy and other therapies of PCBL. Patients treated with intralesional anti-CD20 antibody for PCBL showed complete response or partial response in 45 % or 27 % of patients, respectively. Particularly, patients with marked flu-like symptoms after intralesional injection of rituximab responded very well to rituximab. The majority of patients considered rituximab as best therapy compared to other therapies such as excision or radiotherapy. Intralesional rituximab is an effective therapy with high patient satisfaction. Strong therapy induced side effects of fever, chills and headache after administration of rituximab might be used as indicator for favorable response. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Linfoma cutâneo de células B: relato de caso Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma: a case report

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    Mariana de Gusmão Nunes

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Os linfomas cutâneos são classificados em linfomas de células B ou de células T, sendo os primeiros menos freqüentes. O linfoma cutâneo de células B (LCCB pode ser primário ou secundário, tendo o último história natural mais agressiva, com pior prognóstico. Os autores apresentam um caso de LCCB secundário com três anos de evolução, curso indolente, sem envolvimento de outros órgãos além da pele, com ótima resposta ao tratamento quimioterápico. A distinção entre LCCB primário e secundário é muito difícil de ser realizada, uma vez que eles são clínica e histopatologicamente indistinguíveis. Deve-se sempre pesquisar o acometimento de órgãos internos para então definir o prognóstico.Cutaneous lymphomas are classified as either type B cell or T cell lymphoma, the former type being less frequent. Cutaneous B cell lymphoma (CBCL may be primary or secondary. The latter has a more aggressive natural history with a worse prognostic. In this paper, the authors present a secondary CBCL case with a three-year evolution, indolent course, without involvement of other organs beside the skin and with optimal response to chemotherapeutic treatment. The distinction between primary and secondary CBCL is very difficult to determine insofar as they are clinically and histopathologically indistinguishable. It is always necessary to investigate whether internal organs have been affected prior to defining the prognosis.

  4. Secondary cutaneous Epstein-Barr virus-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in a patient with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of literature

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    Yang Qing-Xu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Only a few cases of extranodal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV-associated B-cell lymphomas arising from patients with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL have been described. We report a case of AITL of which secondary cutaneous EBV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL developed after the initial diagnosis of AITL. A 65-year-old Chinese male patient was diagnosed as AITL based on typical histological and immunohistochemical characteristics in biopsy of the enlarged right inguinal lymph nodes. The patient initially received 6 cycles of chemotherapy with CHOP regimen (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin, prednisone, but his symptoms did not disappear. Nineteen months after initial diagnosis of AITL, the patient was hospitalized again because of multiple plaques and nodules on the skin. The skin biopsy was performed, but this time the tumor was composed of large, polymorphous population of lymphocytes with CD20 and CD79a positive on immunohistochemical staining. The tumor cells were strong positive for EBER by in situ hybridization. The findings of skin biopsy were compatible with EBV-associated DLBCL. CHOP-R chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab was then administered, resulting in partial response of the disease with pancytopenia and suppression of cellular immunity. To our knowledge, this is the first case of cutaneous EBV-associated DLBCL originated from AITL in Chinese pepole. We suggest the patients with AITL should perform lymph node and skin biopsies regularly in the course of the disease to detect the progression of secondary lymphomas. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1197421158639299

  5. Molecular analysis of immunoglobulin variable genes supports a germinal center experienced normal counterpart in primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg-type.

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    Pham-Ledard, Anne; Prochazkova-Carlotti, Martina; Deveza, Mélanie; Laforet, Marie-Pierre; Beylot-Barry, Marie; Vergier, Béatrice; Parrens, Marie; Feuillard, Jean; Merlio, Jean-Philippe; Gachard, Nathalie

    2017-07-26

    Immunophenotype of primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg-type (PCLBCL-LT) suggests a germinal center-experienced B lymphocyte (BCL2+ MUM1+ BCL6+/-). As maturation history of B-cell is "imprinted" during B-cell development on the immunoglobulin gene sequence, we studied the structure and sequence of the variable part of the genes (IGHV, IGLV, IGKV), immunoglobulin surface expression and features of class switching in order to determine the PCLBCL-LT cell of origin. Clonality analysis with BIOMED2 protocol and VH leader primers was done on DNA extracted from frozen skin biopsies on retrospective samples from 14 patients. The clonal DNA IGHV sequence of the tumor was aligned and compared with the closest germline sequence and homology percentage was calculated. Superantigen binding sites were studied. Features of selection pressure were evaluated with the multinomial Lossos model. A functional monoclonal sequence was observed in 14 cases as determined for IGHV (10), IGLV (2) or IGKV (3). IGV mutation rates were high (>5%) in all cases but one (median:15.5%), with superantigen binding sites conservation. Features of selection pressure were identified in 11/12 interpretable cases, more frequently negative (75%) than positive (25%). Intraclonal variation was detected in 3 of 8 tumor specimens with a low rate of mutations. Surface immunoglobulin was an IgM in 12/12 cases. FISH analysis of IGHM locus, deleted during class switching, showed heterozygous IGHM gene deletion in half of cases. The genomic PCR analysis confirmed the deletions within the switch μ region. IGV sequences were highly mutated but functional, with negative features of selection pressure suggesting one or more germinal center passage(s) with somatic hypermutation, but superantigen (SpA) binding sites conservation. Genetic features of class switch were observed, but on the non functional allele and co-existing with primary isotype IgM expression. These data suggest that cell-of origin is

  6. Unusual cutaneous manifestations of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plaza, Jose Antonio; Comfere, Nneka I; Gibson, Lawrence E; Colgan, Michael; Davis, Dawn Marie R; Pittelkow, Mark R; Colgan, Joseph P

    2009-05-01

    B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is a low-grade lymphoproliferative disorder with characteristic histomorphologic features and an identifiable immunophenotype. The skin can be involved in the context of known disease, but cutaneous signs are rarely the presenting findings. Evaluation of unusual clinical cutaneous presentations of B-CLL. We conducted a retrospective case series analysis of 3 patients with unusual cutaneous clinicopathologic presentations of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, including erythematous plaques, angiomatosis/telangiectasia, and erosive skin changes, respectively, without a previous clinical history of chronic lymphocytic lymphoma. Main outcome measures were clinical cutaneous presentations and histopathologic results in the diagnosis of underlying disease. In the 3 cases, lesion locations were the lower cheek, lower extremity, and penis (groin region). Histomorphologic testing showed mild to dense perivascular and periadnexal lymphoid aggregates throughout the dermis and extending into the panniculus, consistent with B-CLL. The diagnosis was confirmed with immunohistochemical studies that showed coexpression of CD5 and CD20 in the neoplastic lymphocytic infiltrate. None. Cutaneous manifestations are an uncommon presentation of subclinical B-CLL. Cutaneous changes were the presenting features of underlying lymphoma in all 3 cases, highlighting the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion for a lymphoproliferative process in cases with unusual or atypical clinicopathologic features. Additional investigations into the behavior of B-CLL in the skin may elucidate further the evolution of cutaneous lesions in this disease.

  7. The majority of cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphomas expresses class-switched immunoglobulins and develops in a T-helper type 2 inflammatory environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Maldegem, Febe; van Dijk, Remco; Wormhoudt, Thera A. M.; Kluin, Philip M.; Willemze, Rein; Cerroni, Lorenzo; van Noesel, Carel J. M.; Bende, Richard J.

    2008-01-01

    Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas (MZBCLs) arise on a background of chronic inflammation resulting from organ-specific autoimmunity, infection, or by unknown causes. Well-known examples are salivary gland MZBCL in Sjorgren's sialadenitis and gastric MZBCL in Helicobacter pylori gastritis.

  8. Mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, a lymphoma type with several characteristics unique among diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, T F; Leithäuser, F; Möller, P

    2001-01-01

    Mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is a locally highly aggressive tumor with a rather unique pattern of clinical, morphologic, imunologic, and genetic features distinct from other diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Characterization of this disease has been hampered by the relatively low incidence of this lymphoma type. Although recent studies on larger numbers of cases have allowed new insights into biology and clinics of this lymphoma type, the histogenesis of mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is not yet fully understood. This review will list morphologic, immunlogic, and genetic properties of mediastinal B-cell lymphoma and discuss recent data regarding the biology of this lymphoma type.

  9. Lymphoma classification update: B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Manli; Bennani, N Nora; Feldman, Andrew L

    2017-05-01

    Lymphomas are classified based on the normal counterpart, or cell of origin, from which they arise. Because lymphocytes have physiologic immune functions that vary both by lineage and by stage of differentiation, the classification of lymphomas arising from these normal lymphoid populations is complex. Recent genomic data have contributed additional complexity. Areas covered: Lymphoma classification follows the World Health Organization (WHO) system, which reflects international consensus and is based on pathological, genetic, and clinical factors. A 2016 revision to the WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms recently was reported. The present review focuses on B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas, the most common group of lymphomas, and summarizes recent changes most relevant to hematologists and other clinicians who care for lymphoma patients. Expert commentary: Lymphoma classification is a continually evolving field that needs to be responsive to new clinical, pathological, and molecular understanding of lymphoid neoplasia. Among the entities covered in this review, the 2016 revision of the WHO classification particularly impact the subclassification and genetic stratification of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and high-grade B-cell lymphomas, and reflect evolving criteria and nomenclature for indolent B-cell lymphomas and lymphoproliferative disorders.

  10. Cutaneous lymphomas in European pet rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, J M; von Bomhard, W; Wise, A G; Maes, R K; Kiupel, M

    2012-09-01

    Cutaneous lymphoma is a common skin neoplasm of pet rabbits in Europe but is rarely reported in pet rabbits in North America. These neoplasms have not been previously characterized, nor has the cause for the apparent predilection for cutaneous lymphoma in European pet rabbits compared with North American pet rabbits been investigated. In this retrospective study, the authors morphologically and immunohistochemically characterized 25 cutaneous lymphomas in European pet rabbits according to the World Health Organization classification. Tumors were classified as diffuse large B cell lymphomas, with 14 lymphomas exhibiting a centroblastic/centrocytic subtype and 11 tumors exhibiting a T cell-rich B cell subtype. To investigate a potential viral etiology of these lymphomas, 3 diffuse large B cell and 3 T cell-rich B cell lymphomas were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction for retroviral and herpesviral genes. Neither virus was detected. In contrast to other domestic animals, cutaneous lymphomas in European pet rabbits were highly pleomorphic and frequently contained multinucleated giant cells. Unexpectedly, the second most common subtype was T cell-rich B cell lymphoma, a subtype that is rare in species other than horses. Based on a limited number of samples, there was no support for a viral etiology that would explain the higher incidence of lymphoma in European pet rabbits compared with American pet rabbits. Further investigation into genetic and extrinsic factors associated with the development of these tumors is warranted.

  11. Primary Hepatosplenic Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Morales-Polanco

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common form of lymphoma. It usually begins in the lymph nodes; up to 40% may have an extranodal presentation. According to a definition of primary extranodal lymphoma with presentation only in extranodal sites, there are reports of large B-cell lymphomas limited to liver or spleen as separate entities, and to date there have been only three documented cases of primary hepatosplenic presentation. This paper reports a fourth case. Due to a review of the literature and the clinical course of the case reported, we conclude that primary hepatosplenic large B-cell lymphoma has been found predominantly in females older than 60 years. The patients reported had <2 months of evolution prior to diagnosis, prominent B symptoms, splenomegaly in three and hepatomegaly in two, none with lymph node involvement. All had thrombocytopenia and abnormal liver function tests; three had anemia and elevated serum lactic dehydrogenase levels, two with hemophagocytosis in bone marrow. Because of the previously mentioned data, it can be stated that primary hepatosplenic lymphoma is an uncommon and aggressive form of disease that requires immediate recognition and treatment.

  12. [Cervicofacial cellulitis revealing cutaneous lymphomas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benbouzid, M A; Bencheikh, R; Benhammou, A; El Edghiri, H; Boulaich, M; Essakali, L; Kzadri, M

    2007-06-01

    The cervicofacial localization of cutaneous lymphomas is rare. These lymphomas usually present as a long-lasting and treatment-refractory papule or nodule. Lymphomas can also be revealed by cervicofacial cellulitis. We report 2 cases of cervicofacial cellulitis revealing a cutaneous lymphoma. The diagnosis was proved by multiple biopsies, performed because there was no clinical improvement in spite of an aggressive and adequate antibiotherapy. Our 2 patients were treated by radio and chemotherapy. Cutaneous lymphomas are lymphocytic proliferations stemming from cutaneous lymphoid tissue, without nodal, medullary, or visceral localization. Their clinical presentation is quite polymorphic, and cellulitis is one of the modes of revelation, especially forehead and neck localization. They have no portal of entry and are resistant to treatment. The diagnosis relies on histology, and biopsies must be performed if there is a suspicion of lymphoma. The treatment is radio and chemotherapy, and the evolution depends on the tumoral stage.

  13. The molecular biology of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Frick, Mareike; Dörken, Bernd; Lenz, Georg

    2011-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) represents the most common type of malignant lymphoma. In the last few years, significant progress has been achieved in the understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of this entity. Gene expression profiling has identified three molecular DLBCL subtypes, termed germinal-center B-cell-like (GCB) DLBCL, activated B-cell-like (ABC) DLBCL, and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL). In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the biology o...

  14. Spontaneous regression of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcántara-González, J; González-García, C; Fernández-Guarino, M; Jaén-Olasolo, P

    2014-01-01

    Primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type (PCLBCL LT) accounts for approximately 20% of all primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas and tends to present as infiltrated nodules, tumors, and plaques on the legs in the elderly. Unlike other primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphomas, it has a poor prognosis and tends to require treatment with systemic chemotherapy. We present the case of an 82-year-old patient with a 1-year history of nodules and plaques on her right leg. Biopsy led to a diagnosis of PCLBCL LT and the lesions resolved without treatment within 1 month of the first visit. This is an atypical course of PCLBCL LT and we believe that it is the first such case to be reported in the literature. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. and AEDV. All rights reserved.

  15. Primary Cutaneous Mantle Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. D. Mazzuoccolo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary cutaneous mantle cell lymphoma (MCL is a rare cutaneous proliferation of naive pregerminal CD-5 positive B cells in the skin with no extracutaneous involvement. Overexpression of cyclin D1 is pathognomonic of this condition, and surgery and radiation therapy are the most common therapeutic options. In this case, we describe the clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular characteristics of a new case of primary cutaneous MCL.

  16. CCR4 expression in a case of cutaneous Richter's transformation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and in CLL patients with no skin manifestations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nannini, Paula Romina; Borge, Mercedes; Mikolaitis, Vanesa Carla; Abreu, Cecilia; Morande, Pablo Elías; Zanetti, Samanta Romina; Oppezzo, Pablo; Palacios, Fernanda; Ledesma, Ignacio; Bezares, Raimundo Fernando; Giordano, Mirta; Gamberale, Romina

    2011-07-01

     Richter's transformation of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) to cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is very rare. We took the advantage of one of these cases to test the hypothesis that the chemokine receptor CCR4 is involved in the homing of CLL cells to skin.  We evaluated CCR4 expression by flow cytometry in both circulating and skin CD19(+) leukemic cells from a patient with cutaneous DLBCL. As controls, we used peripheral blood samples from CLL patients without skin manifestations and from elderly healthy donors.  We found that both DLBCL cells derived from the original CLL clone and circulating CLL cells from this patient expressed CCR4. Although it was previously reported that CCR4 is not expressed in CLL cells, we found that a low but significant proportion of leukemic cells from CLL patients with no skin manifestations do express CCR4. There was a positive correlation between the expression of CCR4 and the percentage of ZAP-70 of each sample. Moreover, we consistently observed a higher expression of CCR4 within CD19(+)CD38(+) and CD19(+)Ki67(+) subsets compared to CD19(+)CD38(-) and CD19(+)Ki67(-) lymphocytes from the same sample, respectively.  We conclude that the chemokine receptor CCR4 is not a special feature of CLL cells with skin manifestation, but rather it is expressed in a low but significant proportion of peripheral blood CLL cells. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  17. Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria S. Khan MD, FACP

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Case Presentation. A 69-year-old Hispanic male, with a past history of diabetes and coronary disease, was admitted for fever, diarrhea, and confusion of 4 weeks duration. Physical examination showed a disoriented patient with multiple ecchymoses, possible ascites, and bilateral scrotal swelling. Hemoglobin was 6.7, prothrombin time (PT 21.4 seconds with international normalized ratio 2.1, partial thromboplastin time (PTT 55.6 seconds, fibrin split 10 µg/L, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH 1231 IU/L. Except for a positive DNA test for Epstein–Barr virus (EBV infection, extensive diagnostic workup for infections, malignancy, or a neurological cause was negative. Mixing studies revealed a nonspecific inhibitor of PT and PTT but Factor VIII levels were normal. The patient was empirically treated with antibiotics but developed hypotension and died on day 27 of admission. At autopsy, patient was found to have intravascular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma involving skin, testes, lung, and muscles. The malignant cells were positive for CD20, CD791, Mum-1, and Pax-5 and negative for CD3, CD5, CD10, CD30, and Bcl-6. The malignant cells were 100% positive for Ki-67. Discussion. Intravascular large cell B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL is rare form of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and tends to proliferate within small blood vessels, particularly capillaries and postcapillary venules. The cause of its affinity for vascular bed remains unknown. In many reports, IVLBCL was associated with HIV, HHV8, and EBV infections. The fact that our case showed evidence of EBV infection lends support to the association of this diagnosis to viral illness. The available literature on this subject is scant, and in many cases, the diagnosis was made only at autopsy. The typical presentation of this disorder is with B symptoms, progressive neurologic deficits, and skin findings. Bone marrow, spleen, and liver are involved in a minority of patients. Nearly all patients have elevated LDH

  18. Paraneoplastic Pemphigus and Bronchiolitis Obliterans in a Patient with Splenic B-cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiou-Han Wang

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP, also called paraneoplastic autoimmune multiorgan syndrome, is a rare disorder associated with underlying neoplasia. The common underlying neoplasms include non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and Castleman's disease. Though B-cell lymphoma is the most common underlying malignancy, only one case associated with splenic B-cell lymphoma has been recognized. The prognosis of PNP is very poor, and PNP-associated bronchiolitis obliterans (BO is not uncommon. Herein, we report a 44-year-old woman who initially presented with multiple oral ulcers, conjunctivitis, and numerous cutaneous blisters. Serial workup established the diagnosis of PNP and revealed an underlying splenic B-cell lymphoma. Although the mucocutaneous lesions gradually healed after splenectomy and chemotherapy, deteriorating respiratory function developed 7 months later with pathologically proven BO. She finally succumbed to respiratory failure 12 months after presentation despite intensive respiratory care.

  19. B cell lymphoma and myeloma in murine Gaucher's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pavlova, E. V.; Wang, S. Z.; Archer, J.; Dekker, N. [=Nick; Aerts, J. M. F. G.; Karlsson, S.; Cox, T. M.

    2013-01-01

    Multiple myeloma and B cell lymphoma are leading causes of death in Gaucher's disease but the nature of the stimulus driving the often noted clonal expansion of immunoglobulin-secreting B cells and cognate lymphoid malignancy is unknown. We investigated the long-term development of B cell

  20. B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma: Report of a case in the oral cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jumana M Jaradat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma (DLBCL/BL is a new category of B-cell lymphoma according to the 4 th edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues (2008. The following report presents a case of this rare, newly described entity on the palate of a 59 year-old male.

  1. Obinutuzumab, Venetoclax, and Lenalidomide in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-17

    B-Cell Lymphoma, Unclassifiable, With Features Intermediate Between Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and Burkitt Lymphoma; Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 3a Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Refractory Burkitt Lymphoma; Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Follicular Lymphoma; Transformed Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

  2. Rituximab and Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma

  3. Profiling of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma by immunohistochemistry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjö, Lene Dissing; Poulsen, Christian Bjørn; Hansen, Mads

    2007-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a frequent lymphoma subtype with a heterogeneous behavior and a variable response to conventional chemotherapy. This clinical diversity is believed to reflect differences in the molecular pathways leading to lymphomagenesis. In this study, we have analyzed...

  4. Microenvironment-Centred Dynamics in Aggressive B-Cell Lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matilde Cacciatore

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aggressive B-cell lymphomas share high proliferative and invasive attitudes and dismal prognosis despite heterogeneous biological features. In the interchained sequence of events leading to cancer progression, neoplastic clone-intrinsic molecular events play a major role. Nevertheless, microenvironment-related cues have progressively come into focus as true determinants for this process. The cancer-associated microenvironment is a complex network of nonneoplastic immune and stromal cells embedded in extracellular components, giving rise to a multifarious crosstalk with neoplastic cells towards the induction of a supportive milieu. The immunological and stromal microenvironments have been classically regarded as essential partners of indolent lymphomas, while considered mainly negligible in the setting of aggressive B-cell lymphomas that, by their nature, are less reliant on external stimuli. By this paper we try to delineate the cardinal microenvironment-centred dynamics exerting an influence over lymphoid clone progression in aggressive B-cell lymphomas.

  5. Modern radiation therapy for primary cutaneous lymphomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, Lena; Dabaja, Bouthaina; Illidge, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Primary cutaneous lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of diseases. They often remain localized, and they generally have a more indolent course and a better prognosis than lymphomas in other locations. They are highly radiosensitive, and radiation therapy is an important part of the treatment......, either as the sole treatment or as part of a multimodality approach. Radiation therapy of primary cutaneous lymphomas requires the use of special techniques that form the focus of these guidelines. The International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group has developed these guidelines after multinational...... meetings and analysis of available evidence. The guidelines represent an agreed consensus view of the International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group steering committee on the use of radiation therapy in primary cutaneous lymphomas in the modern era....

  6. Primary immunodeficiencies and B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Mateos, María Anunciación; Piquer Gibert, Mónica

    In primary immunodeficiencies there is a failure in the anti-tumor defense. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is one of the most common primary immunodeficiencies characterized by an alteration in the differentiation of B lymphocytes (BL). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is an ubiquitous virus that selectively infects the BL. In patients with immunodeficiency, uncontrolled proliferation of infected BL and the action of viral proteins promote the development of lymphomas. At the University Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, Barcelona, 28 patients were diagnosed with CVID from 2000 to 2013. This paper describes four patients who developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The lymphoma was associated with EBV in two of the cases. Patients were<18 years old, diagnosed with lymphoma between 4 and 13 years old. Two patients were treated with rituximab as monotherapy and achieved complete remission. Two patients were treated with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone) and radiotherapy or rituximab and achieved complete remission. Early detection of EBV infections and NHL in all patients diagnosed with CVID is recommended, regardless of age at diagnosis. Copyright © 2016 Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  7. A case with pachyonychia congenita and B-cell lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitorino Modesto dos Santos

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Pachyonychia congenital (PC is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized hyperkeratosis affecting the nails and palmoplantar areas, oral leukokeratosis, and cystic lesions. A 39-year-old woman with PC type 1 (Jadassohn-Lewandowsky syndrome and B-cell lymphoma is described. No similar disorders or parental consanguinity were found in her family. Typical features of PC developed since her early childhood and the diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma was established seven years ago, without a clear causal relation between these entities. Despite inherent limitations of a single case, this report may contribute to PC understanding.

  8. Intravascular large B cell lymphoma masquerading as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Lee

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Intravascular large B cell lymphoma (IVLBCL is a rare condition with a predilection for central nervous system involvement and is often misdiagnosed. This case report describes a 58-year-old gentleman who presented with paraparesis and subsequent dramatic neurological deterioration initially attributed to acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Upon post-mortem examination, the correct diagnosis of intravascular large B cell lymphoma was reached. This condition has a poor prognosis but can be chemotherapy responsive. It is hoped that this case report will raise awareness of a rare and diagnostically challenging illness.

  9. NKT Cell Responses to B Cell Lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Junxin Li; Wenji Sun; Subrahmanyam, Priyanka B.; Carly Page; Younger, Kenisha M.; Tiper, Irina V.; Matthew Frieman; Kimball, Amy S.; Webb, Tonya J

    2014-01-01

    Natural killer T (NKT) cells are a unique subset of CD1d-restricted T lymphocytes that express characteristics of both T cells and natural killer cells. NKT cells mediate tumor immune-surveillance; however, NKT cells are numerically reduced and functionally impaired in lymphoma patients. Many hematologic malignancies express CD1d molecules and co-stimulatory proteins needed to induce anti-tumor immunity by NKT cells, yet most tumors are poorly immunogenic. In this study, we sought to investig...

  10. MicroRNAs as B-cell lymphoma biomarkers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manterola L

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Lorea Manterola,1 Marta Fernandez-Mercado,1 Erika Larrea,1 Ibai Goicoechea,1 María Arestin,1 María Armesto,1 Luiza Hernandez,1 Charles H Lawrie1,2,3 1Oncology Area, Biodonostia Research Institute, San Sebastián, Spain; 2Nuffield Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 3Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain Abstract: B-cell lymphomas represent a group of more than 35 recognized mature B-cell neoplasms differentiated largely on the basis of immunohistochemical staining patterns that are often challenging to accurately diagnose. Despite having been only formally recognized just over 10 years ago, microRNAs (miRNAs have become one of the trendiest topics in biology. Dysregulation of miRNAs is a ubiquitous feature of cancer in general, including B-cell lymphomas. Many of the miRNAs aberrantly expressed in B-cell lymphomas also play a crucial regulatory role in normal hematopoietic function. MiRNAs show great potential as novel biomarkers of cancer, as they can differentiate cancers according to diagnosis and developmental stage, even discriminating between cancers that are poorly separated histologically. Furthermore, they can be robustly measured from routinely prepared formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsy material and biological fluids such as blood. Here, we consider the identity, function, and biomarker potential of miRNAs in B-cell lymphomas and, most importantly, the hurdles that remain to be overcome if they are really to become part of future clinical practice. Keywords: microRNA, lymphoma, biomarker, B-cell 

  11. The Histological Classification of Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Yi; Pittaluga, Stefania; Jaffe, Elaine S.

    2015-01-01

    Diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) are aggressive B-cell neoplasms with considerable clinical, biologic and pathologic diversity, in part reflecting the functional diversity of the B-cell system and multiple pathways of transformation. In recent years, the advent of new high-throughput genomic technologies has provided new insights into the biology of DLBCL, leading to the identification of distinct molecular identities and novel pathogenetic pathways. This increasing complexity had led to an expanding number of entities in the WHO classification. Using a multi-modality approach, the updated 2008 classification delineated some new subgroups, including DLBCLs associated with particular age groups or specific anatomic sites, as well as two borderline categories: tumors at the interface between classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and DLBCL as well as between Burkitt Lymphoma (BL) and DLBCL. This article reviews the histopathologic features of the various aggressive B-cell lymphoma subtypes included in the 2008 classification, with emphasis on some of the new entities as well as areas of diagnostic challenge. PMID:25805585

  12. B cell lymphoma and myeloma in murine Gaucher's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlova, E V; Wang, S Z; Archer, J; Dekker, N; Aerts, J M F G; Karlsson, S; Cox, T M

    2013-09-01

    Multiple myeloma and B cell lymphoma are leading causes of death in Gaucher's disease but the nature of the stimulus driving the often noted clonal expansion of immunoglobulin-secreting B cells and cognate lymphoid malignancy is unknown. We investigated the long-term development of B cell malignancies in an authentic model of non-neuronopathic Gaucher's disease in mice: selective deficiency of β-glucocerebrosidase in haematopoietic cells [Gba(tm1Karl/tm1Karl)Tg(Mx1-cre)1Cgn/0, with excision of exons 9-11 of the murine GBA1 gene, is induced by poly[I:C]. Mice with Gaucher's disease showed visceral storage of β-glucosylceramide and greatly elevated plasma β-glucosylsphingosine [median 57.9 (range 19.8-159) nm; n = 39] compared with control mice from the same strain [median 0.56 (range 0.04-1.38) nm; n = 29] (p < 0.0001). Sporadic fatal B cell lymphomas developed in 11 of 21 GD mice (6-24 months) but only two of eight control animals developed tumours by age 24 months. Unexpectedly, most mice with overt lymphoma had absent or few Gaucher cells but local inflammatory macrophages were present. Eleven of 39 of Gaucher mice developed monoclonal gammopathy, but in the control group only one animal of 25 had clonal immunoglobulin abnormalities. Seven of 10 of the B cell lymphomas were found to secrete a monoclonal paraprotein and the lymphomas stained intensely for pan-B cell markers; reactive T lymphocytes were also present in tumour tissue. In the Gaucher mouse strain, it was notable that, as in patients with this disease, CD138(+) plasma cells frequently surrounded splenic macrophages engorged with glycosphingolipid. Our strain of mice, with inducible deficiency of β-glucocerebrosidase in haematopoietic cells and a high frequency of sporadic lethal B cell malignancies, faithfully recapitulates human Gaucher's disease: it serves as a tractable model to investigate the putative role of bioactive sphingolipids in the control of B cell proliferation and the pathogenesis

  13. Prognostic significance of metallothionein in B-cell lymphomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Christian Bjørn; Borup, Rehannah; Borregaard, Niels

    2006-01-01

    We have investigated metallothionein (MT) I and II mRNA and protein in B-cell lymphomas with particular reference to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The mRNA profiling was performed on Affymetrix arrays and showed up-regulated MT mRNA in 15 of 48 DLBCLs, including 12 of 23 activated B......-cell (ABC) and 3 of 9 type-3 lesions. In contrast, MT mRNA was low to undetectable in 16 germinal center B-cell (GCB)-type DLBCLs. Only 1 of 15 patients with up-regulated MT mRNA achieved a sustained remission, suggesting that up-regulated MT mRNA constitutes a significant risk factor for treatment failure....... This was confirmed in 2 independent series, which showed significantly shorter 5-year survival in DLBCL with high versus low MT-IIa levels. By immunohistology, MT was shown to be present in both macrophages and lymphoma cells. The proportion of MT-positive macrophages did not correlate with the survival. In contrast...

  14. Genetic lesions in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Testoni, M.; Zucca, E.; Young, K. H.; Bertoni, F.

    2015-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common lymphoma in adults, accounting for 35%–40% of all cases. The combination of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab with anthracycline-based combination chemotherapy (R-CHOP, rituximab with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone) lead to complete remission in most and can cure more than half of patients with DLBCL. The diversity in clinical presentation, as well as the pathologic and biologic heterogeneity, suggests that DLBCL comprises several disease entities that might ultimately benefit from different therapeutic approaches. In this review, we summarize the current literature focusing on the genetic lesions identified in DLBCL. PMID:25605746

  15. Primary Malignant B-cell Lymphoma of the Epididymis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jungyo Suh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary epididymal lymphomas are very rare condition, only 6 case report was published. In 4 of them, initial presentation was non-tender, continuous growth of testis. It can be misdiagnosed with epididymitis, 5 of them was treated by antibiotics before surgery. One patients treated by surgery another 5 makes neoadjuvant therapy, 2 of radiotherapy 3 of chemotherapy. Only one man died after treatment. This case is about 54-year male patients, diagnosed by diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, who treated by surgery and neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy.

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  8. Management of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubuschok, Boris; Held, Gerhard; Pfreundschuh, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma. While CHOP was the standard combination chemotherapy for 25 years, the incorporation of the CD20 antibody rituximab at the beginning of this century has considerably improved the outcome of all patients with DLBCL: Depending on the prognostic subgroup, only half to one-third of the patients die of their DLBCL compared to pre-rituximab era. Treatment is usually tailored according to the individual risk profile of a DLBCL patient according to the International Prognostic Index (IPI). Assignment of DLBCL according to the gene expression profile into DLBLC originating from a germinal center B cell (GC type) or from an activated B cell (ABC type) has provided novel insights into the pathogenesis of the respective DLBCL, identified molecules which are indispensable for the survival of the lymphoma cells and provided targets for novel "targeted therapies" drugs. Incorporating these new drugs into combination immunochemotherapy or substituting single drugs in the R-CHOP combination will result in even higher cure rates of and/or less toxicity for patients with DLBCL in the decade to come.

  9. [Febrile cellulitis surrounding a scar revealing a large immunoblastic B-cell lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charavin-Cocuzza, M; Templier, I; Simon, A; Salameire, D; Cuchet, E; Reymond, J-L; Beani, J-C; Leccia, M-T

    2008-12-01

    Secondary skin sites of lymphoma appear in the advanced stages of the disease. We report the first case of a pericicatricial skin infiltration, mimicking febrile dermohypodermitis, revealing diffuse immunoblastic large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Four months after decompressive cervical laminectomy, a 56-year-old man presented an inflammatory pericicatricial patch evoking cellulitis in a setting of hyperthermia and lymphadenopathy. Blood cultures and bacteriological analysis of skin biopsy samples were negative. The images showed infiltration of the soft subcutaneous areas and polyadenopathy. Two weeks later, several subcutaneous nodules appeared on the trunk. Histological analysis and immunolabelling pointed to immunoblastic large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. A clone of B lymphocytes CD45+, CD20+, CD79a+, Bcl2+, CD5+, MUM1+, CD3-, CD10-, CD23- and Bcl6- was seen. The remainder of the extension examination was negative. CHOP-rituximab polychemotherapy resulted in complete regression of all lesions, notably the inflammatory cervical plaque. Secondary skin manifestations of lymphoma are generally non-specific (pruritus, ichthyosis, purpura, etc.) rather than specific in terms of lymphoid infiltration. As in our patient, certain cutaneous sites of lymphoma may have a misleading clinical presentation, histological analysis alone was able to provide a conclusive diagnosis. In our patient, the highly specific infiltration seen around the entire scar could either suggest a Koebner phenomenon or point to a role of the cutaneous aggression within the development of an inflammatory process contributing to pericicatricial infiltration by lymphoid cells. Locoregional invasion from the osseous part of the cervical spine and not macroscopically diagnosed during neurosurgery could also be responsible.

  10. Aggressive B-cell lymphomas: how many categories do we need?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Said, Jonathan W

    2015-01-01

    Aggressive B-cell lymphomas are diverse group of neoplasms that arise at different stages of B-cell development and by various mechanisms of neoplastic transformation. The aggressive B-cell lymphomas include many types, subtypes and variants of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), Burkitt lymphoma (BL), mantle cell lymphoma and its blastoid variant, and B lymphoblastic lymphoma. Differences in histology, cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities, as well as the relationship with the tumor microenvironment, help define characteristic signatures for these neoplasms, and in turn dictate potential therapeutic targets. Rather than survey the entire spectrum of aggressive B-cell lymphomas, this report aims to identify and characterize important clinically aggressive subtypes of DLBCL, and explore the relationship of DLBCL to BL and the gray zone between them (B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable with features intermediate between DLBCL and BL). PMID:23154748

  11. Cytotoxic/natural killer cell cutaneous lymphomas. Report of EORTC Cutaneous Lymphoma Task Force Workshop.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Santucci, M.; Pimpinelli, N; Massi, D; Kadin, ME; Meijer, C.J.L.M.; Muller-Hermelink, HK; Paulli, M; Wechsler, J.; Willemze, R.; Audring, H; Bernengo, MG; Cerroni, L.; Chimenti, S.; Chott, A.; Diaz-Perez, J.L.; Dippel, E; Duncan, LM; Feller, AC; Geerts, M.L.; Hallermann, C; Kempf, W; Russell-Jones, R; Sander, C; Berti, E.

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cutaneous lymphomas expressing a cytotoxic or natural killer (NK) cell phenotype represent a group of lymphoproliferative disorders for which there is currently much confusion and little consensus regarding the best nomenclature and classification. METHODS: This study analyzes 48 cases

  12. Primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma responsive to interferon alfa-2a

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukaddes Kavala

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Follicular lymphoma is the most common type of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas with a predilection for the scalp, forehead, and trunk. Herein we report a case of primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma on the scalp of 72-year-old female. The diagnosis was made histopathologically, confirming the presence of centrocytes and centroblasts. Complete resolution was achieved following administration of subcutaneous interferon α-2a at a dose of 4.5 × 10 6 IU three times weekly for 3 months.

  13. Dysregulated CXCR4 expression promotes lymphoma cell survival and independently predicts disease progression in germinal center B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, J.; Xu-Monette, Z.Y.; Deng, L.; Shen, Q.; Manyam, G.C.; Martinez-Lopez, A.; Zhang, L.; Montes-Moreno, S.; Visco, C.; Tzankov, A.; Yin, L.; Dybkaer, K.; Chiu, A.; Orazi, A.; Zu, Y.; Bhagat, G.; Richards, K.L.; Hsi, E.D.; Choi, W.W.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Huh, J.; Ponzoni, M.; Ferreri, A.J.; Zhao, X.; Moller, M.B.; Farnen, J.P.; Winter, J.N.; Piris, M.A.; Pham, L.; Young, K.H.

    2015-01-01

    Abnormal expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 plays an essential role in tumor cell dissemination and disease progression. However, the significance of CXCR4 overexpression in de novo diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is unknown. In 743 patients with de novo diffuse large B cell lymphoma

  14. Lenalidomide in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annalisa Chiappella

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphomas (DLBCL are the most frequent Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL. The addition of Rituximab to the standard chemotherapy CHOP improved the outcome in this patients, but so far 40% of patients experienced relapse or progressive disease. Lenalidomide, an immunomodulatory agent, had direct tumoricidal and antiangiogenetic actions on tumor cells and was able to modulate tumor-cell microenvironment, with the restoration of impaired T-cell activity and the formation of immuno-synapsis. Based on these actions, lenalidomide represented an active drug on aggressive relapsed NHL. In this review, the most relevant clinical trials for the use of lenalidomide in DLBCL were reported. Monotherapy with lenalidomide showed an activity in term of overall response rate, with acceptable hematological and extrahematological toxicities in relapsed/refractory aggressive NHL. The role of lenalidomide as salvage therapy in both cell of origin patterns in DLBCL (germinal center B-cell/activated B-cell was reported in preliminary data. Preliminary data regarding the role of lenalidomide in addition to chemoimmunotherapy (R-CHOP in first line clinical trials were discussed; data of safety, feasibility and efficacy were promising.

  15. Large anaplastic spinal B-cell lymphoma in a cat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flatland, Bente; Fry, Michael M; Newman, Shelley J; Moore, Peter F; Smith, Joanne R; Thomas, William B; Casimir, Roslyn H

    2008-12-01

    A 5-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was presented for evaluation of tetraparesis. The neurologic lesion was localized to the cervical spinal segment (C1-C6). A left axillary mass was identified, and the results of fine needle aspiration cytology indicated malignant round cell neoplasia of possible histiocytic origin. The cells were large, had marked anisocytosis and anisokaryosis, occasional bi- and multinucleation, and cytoplasmic vacuolation. Euthanasia was performed due to the poor prognosis associated with severe, progressive neurologic signs and a malignant neoplasm. Postmortem examination revealed spinal cord compression and an extradural mass at the C1-C2 spinal segment, with neoplastic cells in the adjacent vertebral bodies, surrounding skeletal muscle, left axillary lymph node, and bone marrow from the right femur. The initial histologic diagnosis was anaplastic sarcoma, but immunohistochemical results indicated the cells were CD20+ and CD45R+ and CD3-, compatible with a diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma. CD79a staining was nonspecific and uninterpretable. Weak to moderate CD18 positivity and E-cadherin positivity were also observed. Clonality of the B-cell population could not be demonstrated using PCR testing for antigen receptor gene rearrangement. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of a feline spinal anaplastic B-cell lymphoma exhibiting bi- and multinucleated cells. The prognostic significance of this cell morphology and immunophenotype is unknown.

  16. Anthropometrics and Prognosis in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtsen, Mette Dahl; Munksgaard, Peter Svenssen; Severinsen, Marianne Tang

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The impact of body mass index (BMI) and body surface area (BSA) on survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is controversial. Recent studies show superior outcomes for overweight and obese patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 653 R-CHOP(-like)-treated DLBCL patients were...... included in this retrospective cohort study. Patients, baseline clinicopathologic characteristics and treatment information were retrieved from the Danish Lymphoma Registry. Anthropometric measures were obtained from chemotherapy prescription charts. RESULTS: Underweight (BMI ... = 0.037, for women). In multivariate analyses, however, these associations diminished. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that underweight DLBCL patients have worse outcomes following R-CHOP as compared to normal as well as overweight patients....

  17. B-cell lymphoma, thiamine deficiency, and lactic acidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masood, Umair; Sharma, Anuj; Nijjar, Sonny; Sitaraman, Karthikeyan

    2017-01-01

    Type B lactic acidosis is found in the absence of tissue hypoperfusion, can be associated with malignancies, and can be caused by thiamine deficiency. We present a patient who presented with an abdominal mass that biopsy disclosed to be a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Because thiamine deficiency is a rare cause of lactic acidosis in cancer, the patient was treated with intravenous thiamine with rapid normalization of the lactic acid level. The level prior to treatment was low. The case emphasizes a rare cause of lactic acidosis.

  18. Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma with Calf Muscle Localization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Bourdeanu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Although diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL usually occurs in the lymph nodes, approximately 30–40% of the time it can have an extranodal site of involvement and it can arise in nearly every body site such as intestine, bone, breast, liver, skin, lung, and central nervous system. Muscle involvement of DLBCL is especially uncommon, comprising 0.5% of extranodal NHL. We report a case of a 72-year-old man with extranodal DLBCL of a unique manifestation in the calf muscle, involving predominantly the gastrocnemius muscle. The patient achieved complete response and remained free of local recurrence or metastasis following diagnosis.

  19. Chidamide Combined With R-GDP in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-12

    Chidamide; Lymphoma, B-Cell; Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse; Neoplasm by Histology; Neoplasms; Lymphoproliferative Disorders; Lymphatic Diseases; Immunoproliferative Disorders; Immune System Diseases; Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin; Cyclophosphamide; Rituximab; Gemcitabine; Cisplatin; Dexamethasone; HDAC Inhibitor

  20. Linfoma cutâneo primário de grandes células B de apresentação atípica: relato de caso Primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma of atypical presentation: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio René Diógenes de Sousa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Linfomas cutâneos primários são definidos como neoplasias linfocíticas que se apresentam clinicamente na pele sem doença extracutânea no momento do diagnóstico e até por 6 meses após. Os autores relatam o caso de um paciente masculino, idoso, com história de pápulas em axila, há 3 meses, que evoluíram para ulceração. Ao exame, úlcera profunda de bordos irregulares, infiltrados, em axila direita. Exames físico e complementares não evidenciaram doença à distância. O histopatológico mostra infiltrado dérmico denso e difuso de linfócitos atípicos. A imuno-histoquímica evidencia expressão de antígenos CD20 e bcl-2, com CD10 negativo, configurando diagnóstico de linfoma cutâneo difuso de grandes células B. Neste tipo de linfoma, é rara a manifestação cutânea primária, assim como a incidência é menor em homens e a localização, mais comum em membros inferioresPrimary cutaneous lymphomas are defined as lymphocytic neoplasias that present themselves clinically in the skin without extracutaneous disease at diagnosis and up to 6 months after it. The authors report the case of an elderly male patient, with a three- month-history of papules in the axilla which evolved into painful ulceration. Examination found deep ulcer with irregular borders ,infiltrates, in the right axilla. Physical and additional examinations did not evidence disease at distance. Histopathology revealed dense and diffuse dermic sample infiltrate of atypical lymphocytes. Imunohistochemistry shows expression of CD20 and bcl-2 antigens , with negative CD10, configuring diagnosis of cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma. In this type of cutaneous lymphoma, primary cutaneous manifestation is rare ,the incidence in men is lower and it is most commonly located in the lower limbs

  1. Clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of cutaneous lymphomas: current status and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubio-Gonzalez, Belen; Zain, Jasmine; Rosen, Steven T; Querfeld, Christiane

    2017-01-01

    The primary cutaneous lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of T-, Natural Killer- and B- cell neoplasms with a wide range of clinical and pathological presentations, and with very different prognoses compared to systemic lymphomas. Recent studies have shown that the skin microenvironment, which is composed of various immune cell subsets as well as their spatial distribution and T-cell interactions through different chemokines and cytokines, has an important role in the development and pathogenesis of cutaneous lymphomas and has assisted in the development of novel and more effective immunotherapies. The following review will focus on the major subtypes of primary cutaneous lymphomas, including the clinical and histological patterns, molecular hallmarks, and current and future treatment strategies. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Isolated cutaneous involvement in a child with nodal anaplastic large cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vibhu Mendiratta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a common childhood T-cell and B-cell neoplasm that originates primarily from lymphoid tissue. Cutaneous involvement can be in the form of a primary extranodal lymphoma, or secondary to metastasis from a non-cutaneous location. The latter is uncommon, and isolated cutaneous involvement is rarely reported. We report a case of isolated secondary cutaneous involvement from nodal anaplastic large cell lymphoma (CD30 + and ALK + in a 7-year-old boy who was on chemotherapy. This case is reported for its unusual clinical presentation as an acute febrile, generalized papulonodular eruption that mimicked deep fungal infection, with the absence of other foci of systemic metastasis.

  3. lmmunohistochemical and Molecular Characterization of Extranodal Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma in Salivary Glands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    in its classification to refer to a primary extranodal lymphoma composed of morphologically heterogeneous small B- cells (marginal zone cells...this review. In addition to characteristic morphologic appearance during microscopic evaluation, immunohistochemical (IHC) staining techniques...lymphocytic lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia , mantle cell lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma.40 The ten cases (59%) with κ light-chain

  4. Genetic alterations in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magić Zvonko

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Although the patients with diagnosed B-NHL are classified into the same disease stage on the basis of clinical, histopathological, and immunological parameters, they respond significantly different to the applied treatment. This points out the possibility that within the same group of lymphoma there are different diseases at molecular level. For that reason many studies deal with the detection of gene alterations in lymphomas to provide a better framework for diagnosis and treatment of these hematological malignancies. Aim. To define genetic alterations in the B-NHL with highest possibilities for diagnostic purposes and molecular detection of MRD. Methods. Formalin fixed and paraffin embedded lymph node tissues from 45 patients were examined by different PCR techniques for the presence of IgH and TCR γ gene rearrangement; K-ras and H-ras mutations; c-myc amplification and bcl-2 translocation. There were 34 cases of B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (B-NHL, 5 cases of T-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (T-NHL and 6 cases of chronic lymphadenitis (CL. The mononuclear cell fraction of the peripheral blood of 12 patients with B-NHL was analyzed for the presence of monoclonality at the time of diagnosis and in 3 to 6 months time intervals after an autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT. Results. The monoclonality of B-lymphocytes, as evidenced by DNA fragment length homogeneity, was detected in 88 % (30/34 of B-NHL, but never in CL, T-NHL, or in normal PBL. Bcl-2 translocation was detected in 7/31 (22.6% B-NHL specimens, c-myc amplification 9/31 (29%, all were more than doubled, K-ras mutations in 1/31 (3.23% and H-ras mutations in 2/31 (6.45% of the examined B-NHL samples. In the case of LC and normal PBL, however, these gene alterations were not detected. All the patients (12 with B-NHL had dominant clone of B-lymphocyte in the peripheral blood at the time of diagnosis while only in 2 of 12 patients MRD was detected 3 or 6 months after

  5. Nab-paclitaxel/Rituximab-coated Nanoparticle AR160 in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-02-05

    Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; CD20 Positive; Recurrent B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Refractory Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

  6. A Novel VHH Antibody Targeting the B Cell-Activating Factor for B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen Wu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To construct an immune alpaca phage display library, in order to obtain a single domain anti-BAFF (B cell-activating factor antibody. Methods: Using phage display technology, we constructed an immune alpaca phage display library, selected anti-BAFF single domain antibodies (sdAbs, cloned three anti-BAFF single-domain antibody genes into expression vector pSJF2, and expressed them efficiently in Escherichia coli. The affinity of different anti-BAFF sdAbs were measured by Bio layer interferometry. The in vitro biological function of three sdAbs was investigated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8 assay and a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. Results: We obtained three anti-BAFF single domain antibodies (anti-BAFF64, anti-BAFF52 and anti-BAFFG3, which were produced in high yield in Escherichia coli and inhibited tumor cell proliferation in vitro. Conclusion: The selected anti-BAFF antibodies could be candidates for B-cell lymphoma therapies.

  7. Follicular lymphoma, a B cell malignancy addicted to epigenetic mutations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korfi, Koorosh; Ali, Sara; Heward, James A; Fitzgibbon, Jude

    2017-05-04

    While follicular lymphoma (FL) is exquisitely responsive to immuno-chemotherapy, many patients follow a relapsing remitting clinical course driven in part by a common precursor cell (CPC) population. Advances in next generation sequencing have provided valuable insights into the genetic landscape of FL and its clonal evolution in response to therapy, implicating perturbations of epigenetic regulators as a hallmark of the disease. Recurrent mutations of histone modifiers KMT2D, CREBBP, EP300, EZH2, ARIDIA, and linker histones are likely early events arising in the CPC pool, rendering epigenetic based therapies conceptually attractive for treatment of indolent and transformed FL. This review provides a synopsis of the main epigenetic aberrations and the current efforts in development and testing of epigenetic therapies in this B cell malignancy.

  8. Natural History Study of Monoclonal B Cell Lymphocytosis (MBL), Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (CLL/SLL), Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma (LPL)/Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia (WM), and Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma (SMZL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-09

    B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Monoclonal B-Cell Lymphocytosis; Lymhoma, Small Lymphocytic; Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma

  9. Multifocal Extranodal Involvement of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devrim Cabuk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Endobronchial involvement of extrapulmonary malignant tumors is uncommon and mostly associated with breast, kidney, colon, and rectum carcinomas. A 68-year-old male with a prior diagnosis of colon non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL was admitted to the hospital with a complaint of cough, sputum, and dyspnea. The chest radiograph showed right hilar enlargement and opacity at the right middle zone suggestive of a mass lesion. Computed tomography of thorax revealed a right-sided mass lesion extending to thoracic wall with the destruction of the third and the fourth ribs and a right hilar mass lesion. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed in order to evaluate endobronchial involvement and showed stenosis with mucosal tumor infiltration in right upper lobe bronchus. The pathological examination of bronchoscopic biopsy specimen reported diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and the patient was accepted as the endobronchial recurrence of sigmoid colon NHL. The patient is still under treatment of R-ICE (rituximab-ifosfamide-carboplatin-etoposide chemotherapy and partial regression of pulmonary lesions was noted after 3 courses of treatment.

  10. Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma during Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar A. Perez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL rarely presents during pregnancy and primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBCL accounts for approximately 2.5% of patients with NHL. The case of a 22-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Stage IIA PMLBCL during week 13 of her intrauterine pregnancy is described. The staging consisted in computed tomography (CT of the chest and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the abdomen and pelvis. She was managed with R-CHOP regimen (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone for a total of six cycles and, because of the early presentation during the second trimester, she received the entire chemotherapy course during the pregnancy. She delivered a healthy baby at 34 weeks of pregnancy and a 18FDG-PET/CT scan demonstrated complete remission after delivery. After 20 months of follow up she remains with no evidence of disease and her 1-year-old son has shown no developmental delays or physical abnormalities. PMLBCL, although an uncommon subgroup of DLBCL, may present during pregnancy and R-CHOP should be considered as one suitable option in this complex scenario.

  11. Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma arising from thyroid in a renal recipient with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Fang; Qu, Lu; Li, Dai-Qiang; Hu, Chun-Hong

    2015-01-01

    Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma is a subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, arising in the mediastinum from putative thymic B-cell origin with distinctive clinical and genetic features. Generally, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma is believed as only deriving in the mediastinum. The current study presents a rare case of primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma which arising from thyroid in a renal recipient with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Moreover, we devoted a discussion ...

  12. Biological characterization of adult MYC-translocation-positive mature B-cell lymphomas other than molecular Burkitt lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aukema, Sietse M.; Kreuz, Markus; Kohler, Christian W.; Rosolowski, Maciej; Hasenclever, Dirk; Hummel, Michael; Kueppers, Ralf; Lenze, Dido; Ott, German; Pott, Christiane; Richter, Julia; Rosenwald, Andreas; Szczepanowski, Monika; Schwaenen, Carsten; Stein, Harald; Trautmann, Heiko; Wessendorf, Swen; Truemper, Lorenz; Loeffler, Markus; Spang, Rainer; Kluin, Philip M.; Klapper, Wolfram; Siebert, Reiner

    Chromosomal translocations affecting the MYC oncogene are the biological hallmark of Burkitt lymphomas but also occur in a subset of other mature B-cell lymphomas. If accompanied by a chromosomal break targeting the BCL2 and/or BCL6 oncogene these MYC translocation-positive (MYC+) lymphomas are

  13. Hepatitis C virus-related B cell subtypes in non Hodgkin's lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Pellicelli, Adriano M; Marignani, Massimo; Zoli, Valerio; Romano, Mario; Morrone, Aldo; Nosotti, Lorenzo; Barbaro, Giuseppe; Picardi, Antonio; Gentilucci, Umberto Vespasiani; Remotti, Daniele; D'Ambrosio, Cecilia; Furlan, Caterina; Mecenate, Fabrizio; Mazzoni, Ettore; Majolino, Ignazio

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate if indolent B cell-non Hodgkin’s lymphoma (B-NHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive patients could have different biological and clinical characteristics requiring different management strategies.

  14. Proteomics Based Identification of Proteins with Deregulated Expression in B Cell Lymphomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu, Rui; Nijland, Marcel; Rutgers, Bea; Veenstra, Rianne; Langendonk, Myra; van der Meeren, Lotte E.; Kluin, Philip M.; Li, Guanwu; Diepstra, Arjan; Chiu, Jen-Fu; van den Berg, Anke; Visser, Lydia

    2016-01-01

    Follicular lymphoma and diffuse large B cell lymphomas comprise the main entities of adult B cell malignancies. Although multiple disease driving gene aberrations have been identified by gene expression and genomic studies, only a few studies focused at the protein level. We applied 2 dimensional

  15. Logical analysis of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexe, G; Alexe, S; Axelrod, D E; Hammer, P L; Weissmann, D

    2005-07-01

    The goal of this study is to re-examine the oligonucleotide microarray dataset of Shipp et al., which contains the intensity levels of 6817 genes of 58 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and 19 with follicular lymphoma (FL), by means of the combinatorics, optimisation, and logic-based methodology of logical analysis of data (LAD). The motivations for this new analysis included the previously demonstrated capabilities of LAD and its expected potential (1) to identify different informative genes than those discovered by conventional statistical methods, (2) to identify combinations of gene expression levels capable of characterizing different types of lymphoma, and (3) to assemble collections of such combinations that if considered jointly are capable of accurately distinguishing different types of lymphoma. The central concept of LAD is a pattern or combinatorial biomarker, a concept that resembles a rule as used in decision tree methods. LAD is able to exhaustively generate the collection of all those patterns which satisfy certain quality constraints, through a systematic combinatorial process guided by clear optimization criteria. Then, based on a set covering approach, LAD aggregates the collection of patterns into classification models. In addition, LAD is able to use the information provided by large collections of patterns in order to extract subsets of variables, which collectively are able to distinguish between different types of disease. For the differential diagnosis of DLBCL versus FL, a model based on eight significant genes is constructed and shown to have a sensitivity of 94.7% and a specificity of 100% on the test set. For the prognosis of good versus poor outcome among the DLBCL patients, a model is constructed on another set consisting also of eight significant genes, and shown to have a sensitivity of 87.5% and a specificity of 90% on the test set. The genes selected by LAD also work well as a basis for other kinds of statistical

  16. Follicular B Cell Lymphoma with Accompanying Ischemic Gastritis Completely Resolved by Rituximab

    OpenAIRE

    Tariq, Anam; Mehta, Neal; Peroutka, Kathryn

    2017-01-01

    Patient: Female, 89 Final Diagnosis: Follicular B-cell lymphoma with accompanying ischemic gastritis completely resolved by rituximab Symptoms: Nausea ? vomiting Medication: ? Clinical Procedure: ? Specialty: Oncology Objective: Rare disease Background: Follicular B cell lymphomas account for a significant portion of all newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin?s lymphomas. While involvement can be varied, the most common extranodal presentation is within the gastrointestinal tract beyond the stomach. In ...

  17. Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma in a Patient with Hypocomplementemic Urticarial Vasculitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calvo-Romero J

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis (HUV is known to be associated with malignancies. Urticarial vasculitis has been linked to lymphomas, but to our knowledge, the association of HUV and non-Hodgkin lymphoma has not been described so far. A patient with HUV who developed 10 years later a diffuse large B cell lymphoma is reported here.

  18. Mature aggressive B-cell lymphoma across age groups - molecular advances and therapeutic implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Jonas; Lenz, Georg; Burkhardt, Birgit

    2017-02-01

    Mature B-cell lymphoma represents the most common type of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and different subtypes prevail at different patient ages. Areas covered: We review recent data on differences and commonalities in mature B-cell lymphoma occurring in adult and pediatric patients, with a special emphasis on molecular advances and therapeutic implications. To this end, we will discuss knowledge on diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia, which are the most frequent subtypes in adult and pediatric patients, respectively, and on primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, which is a subtype of mature B-cell lymphoma occurring mainly in adolescents and young adults with a female predominance. Expert commentary: Molecular profiling has revealed molecular alterations that can be used to further classify the subtypes of mature B-cell lymphoma. These new subgroups frequently respond differentially to targeted therapeutic strategies. Future clinical trials utilizing new drugs will address this issue by combining clinical data and response assessment with a molecular workup of the corresponding lymphomas.

  19. Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi infection in a series of 98 primary cutaneous lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponzoni, Maurilio; Ferreri, Andrés J M; Mappa, Silvia; Pasini, Elisa; Govi, Silvia; Facchetti, Fabio; Fanoni, Daniele; Tucci, Alessandra; Vino, Arianna; Doglioni, Claudio; Berti, Emilio; Dolcetti, Riccardo

    2011-01-01

    Borrelia burgdorferi has been variably associated with different forms of primary cutaneous lymphoma. Differences in prevalence rates among reported studies could be a result of geographic variability or heterogeneity in the molecular approaches that have been employed. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato DNA in diagnostic tissue samples from fresh cutaneous biopsies of 98 primary cutaneous lymphomas and 19 normal skin controls. Three different polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocols targeting the hbb, flagellin, and Osp-A genes were used. Direct sequencing of both sense and antisense strands of purified PCR products confirmed the specificity of the amplified fragments. Sequence specificity was assessed using the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool, and MultAlin software was used to investigate the heterogeneity of target gene sequences across the different samples. Borrelia DNA was not detected in 19 controls, 23 cases of follicular lymphoma, 31 cases of extranodal marginal zone lymphoma, or 30 cases of mycosis fungoides. A single case of 14 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cases was positive for B. burgdorferi. This study does not support a pathogenic role of B. burgdorferi in primary cutaneous B- and T-cell lymphomas from areas nonendemic for this microorganism and the consequent rationale for the adoption of antibiotic therapy in these patients.

  20. Identification of highly methylated genes across various types of B-cell non-hodgkin lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Bethge

    Full Text Available Epigenetic alterations of gene expression are important in the development of cancer. In this study, we identified genes which are epigenetically altered in major lymphoma types. We used DNA microarray technology to assess changes in gene expression after treatment of 11 lymphoma cell lines with epigenetic drugs. We identified 233 genes with upregulated expression in treated cell lines and with downregulated expression in B-cell lymphoma patient samples (n = 480 when compared to normal B cells (n = 5. The top 30 genes were further analyzed by methylation specific PCR (MSP in 18 lymphoma cell lines. Seven of the genes were methylated in more than 70% of the cell lines and were further subjected to quantitative MSP in 37 B-cell lymphoma patient samples (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (activated B-cell like and germinal center B-cell like subtypes, follicular lymphoma and Burkitt`s lymphoma and normal B lymphocytes from 10 healthy donors. The promoters of DSP, FZD8, KCNH2, and PPP1R14A were methylated in 28%, 67%, 22%, and 78% of the 36 tumor samples, respectively, but not in control samples. Validation using a second series of healthy donor controls (n = 42; normal B cells, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, bone marrow, tonsils and follicular hyperplasia and fresh-frozen lymphoma biopsies (n = 25, confirmed the results. The DNA methylation biomarker panel consisting of DSP, FZD8, KCNH2, and PPP1R14A was positive in 89% (54/61 of all lymphomas. Receiver operating characteristic analysis to determine the discriminative power between lymphoma and healthy control samples showed a c-statistic of 0.96, indicating a possible role for the biomarker panel in monitoring of lymphoma patients.

  1. File list: InP.Bld.05.AllAg.Lymphoma,_B-Cell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Bld.05.AllAg.Lymphoma,_B-Cell hg19 Input control Blood Lymphoma, B-Cell SRX3703...41,SRX370343,SRX370347,SRX370349,SRX370345,SRX370351,SRX092415,SRX092417 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Bld.05.AllAg.Lymphoma,_B-Cell.bed ...

  2. File list: InP.Bld.20.AllAg.Lymphoma,_B-Cell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Bld.20.AllAg.Lymphoma,_B-Cell hg19 Input control Blood Lymphoma, B-Cell SRX3703...41,SRX370343,SRX370347,SRX370349,SRX370345,SRX092417,SRX370351,SRX092415 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Bld.20.AllAg.Lymphoma,_B-Cell.bed ...

  3. File list: InP.Bld.10.AllAg.Lymphoma,_B-Cell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available InP.Bld.10.AllAg.Lymphoma,_B-Cell hg19 Input control Blood Lymphoma, B-Cell SRX3703...41,SRX370343,SRX370347,SRX370349,SRX370351,SRX370345,SRX092417,SRX092415 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/hg19/assembled/InP.Bld.10.AllAg.Lymphoma,_B-Cell.bed ...

  4. Study of Safety,Efficacy and Pharmacokinetics of CT-1530 in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, and Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-07-18

    Relapsed or Refractory B Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia; Mantle Zone Lymphoma Refractory/Recurrent; Follicle Centre Lymphoma Diffuse; Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma

  5. Farnesyl transferase inhibitors induce extended remissions in transgenic mice with mature B cell lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Refaeli Yosef

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We have used a mouse model based on overexpression of c-Myc in B cells genetically engineered to be self-reactive to test the hypothesis that farnesyl transferase inhibitors (FTIs can effectively treat mature B cell lymphomas. FTIs are undergoing clinical trials to treat both lymphoid and non-lymphoid malignancies and we wished to obtain evidence to support the inclusion of B cell lymphomas in future trials. Results We report that two FTIs, L-744,832 and SCH66336, blocked the growth of mature B cell lymphoma cells in vitro and in vivo. The FTI treatment affected the proliferation and survival of the transformed B cells to a greater extent than naïve B cells stimulated with antigen. In syngeneic mice transplanted with the transgenic lymphoma cells, L-744,832 treatment prevented the growth of the tumor cells and the morbidity associated with the resulting lymphoma progression. Tumors that arose from transplantation of the lymphoma cells regressed with as little as three days of treatment with L-744,832 or SCH66336. Treatment of these established lymphomas with L-744,832 for seven days led to long-term remission of the disease in approximately 25% of animals. Conclusion FTI treatment can block the proliferation and survival of self-reactive transformed B cells that overexpress Myc. In mice transplanted with mature B cell lymphomas, we found that FTI treatment led to regression of disease. FTIs warrant further consideration as therapeutic agents for mature B cell lymphomas and other lymphoid tumors.

  6. The B cell antigen receptor and overexpression of MYC can cooperate in the genesis of B cell lymphomas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosef Refaeli

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A variety of circumstantial evidence from humans has implicated the B cell antigen receptor (BCR in the genesis of B cell lymphomas. We generated mouse models designed to test this possibility directly, and we found that both the constitutive and antigen-stimulated state of a clonal BCR affected the rate and outcome of lymphomagenesis initiated by the proto-oncogene MYC. The tumors that arose in the presence of constitutive BCR differed from those initiated by MYC alone and resembled chronic B cell lymphocytic leukemia/lymphoma (B-CLL, whereas those that arose in response to antigen stimulation resembled large B-cell lymphomas, particularly Burkitt lymphoma (BL. We linked the genesis of the BL-like tumors to antigen stimulus in three ways. First, in reconstruction experiments, stimulation of B cells by an autoantigen in the presence of overexpressed MYC gave rise to BL-like tumors that were, in turn, dependent on both MYC and the antigen for survival and proliferation. Second, genetic disruption of the pathway that mediates signaling from the BCR promptly killed cells of the BL-like tumors as well as the tumors resembling B-CLL. And third, growth of the murine BL could be inhibited by any of three distinctive immunosuppressants, in accord with the dependence of the tumors on antigen-induced signaling. Together, our results provide direct evidence that antigenic stimulation can participate in lymphomagenesis, point to a potential role for the constitutive BCR as well, and sustain the view that the constitutive BCR gives rise to signals different from those elicited by antigen. The mouse models described here should be useful in exploring further the pathogenesis of lymphomas, and in preclinical testing of new therapeutics.

  7. Cutaneous presentation of Double Hit Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yousef Khelfa MD, FACP

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL is the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL, representing approximately 25% of diagnosed NHL. DLBCL is heterogeneous disease both clinically and genetically. The 3 most common chromosomal translocations in DLBCL involve the oncogenes BCL2, BCL6, and MYC. Double hit (DH DLBCL is an aggressive form in which MYC rearrangement is associated with either BCL2 or BCL6 rearrangement. Patients typically present with a rapidly growing mass, often with B symptoms. Extranodal disease is often present. Though there is a paucity of prospective trials in this subtype, double hit lymphoma (DHL has been linked to very poor outcomes when patients are treated with standard R-CHOP. There is, therefore, a lack of consensus regarding the standard treatment for DHL. Several retrospective analyses have been conducted to help guide treatment of this disease. These suggest that DA EPOCH-R may be the most promising regimen and that achievement of complete resolution predicts better long-term outcomes.

  8. Numb Chin Syndrome as First Symptom of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carbone, Mario; Della Ferrera, Francesco; Carbone, Lucio; Gatti, Gaia; Carrozzo, Marco

    2014-01-01

    .... The authors report a case of a 71-year-old woman in which the numb chin syndrome was the first symptom of the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, which caused infiltration and reabsorption of the alveolar...

  9. T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma of stomach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barut, Figen; Kandemir, Nilufer Onak; Gun, Banu Dogan; Ozdamar, Sukru Oguz

    2016-07-01

    T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma is an unusually encountered lymphoid neoplasm of stomach with aggressive course, and is an uncommon morphologic variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. An ulcerated mass, 7x5x1 cm in size was observed within the gastrectomy specimen of a 76-year-old female patient. In cross sections, besides mature lymphoid cells displaying T-cell phenotype, a neoplastic formation composed of large, pleomorphic atypical lymphoid cells with, prominent nucleoli, vesicular nuclei and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm displaying B-cell phenotype were observed. Meanwhile, histiocyte-like mononuclear cells and Reed-Sternberg-like multinuclear cells expressing CD68 and Mac387 were also observed. The diagnosis of the case was T cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma. This rarely encountered neoplasm should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of primary gastric lymphomas.

  10. B-cell Function Gene Mutations in Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Peng-Peng; Zhong, Hui-Juan; Huang, Yao-Hui; Gao, Xiao-Dong; Zhao, Xia; Shen, Yang; Cheng, Shu; Huang, Jin-Yan; Chen, Sai-Juan; Wang, Li; Zhao, Wei-Li

    2017-02-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogeneous subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In addition to clinical and immunophenotypic characteristics, recurrent gene mutations have recently been identified in patients with DLBCL using next-generation sequencing technologies. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical relevance of B-cell function gene mutations in DLBCL. Clinical analysis was performed on 680 Chinese DLBCL patients (146 non-CR and 534 CR cases) treated with six cycles of 21-day R-CHOP (Rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone), alone or followed by two additional doses of rituximab consolidation on patients' own intention. Somatic mutations of B-cell function genes were further screened on 275 (71 non-CR and 204 CR) cases with available tumor samples by targeted sequencing, including genes involved in B-cell receptors (BCRs) pathway (CARD11, LYN, CD79A, and CD79B), Toll-like receptors (TLRs) pathway (MYD88), and tumor necrotic factor receptor (TNFR) pathway (TRAF2 and TNFAIP3). B-cell function gene mutations occurred in 44.0% (121/275) of DLBCL patients. The TLRs and TNFR related gene mutations were more frequently observed in non-CR patients (p=0.019 and p=0.032, respectively). BCRs related gene mutations, as well as revised IPI (R-IPI) and double BCL-2/MYC expression, were independently related to short progression-free survival in DLBCL after CR. The adverse prognostic effect of BCRs related gene mutations could be overcome by two additional doses of rituximab consolidation. These results highlight the molecular heterogeneity of DLBCL and identify a significant role of B-cell function gene mutations on lymphoma progression and response to rituximab in DLBCL. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. The predictive significance of CD20 expression in B-cell lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horvat Mateja

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In our recent study, we determined the cut-off value of CD20 expression at the level of 25 000 molecules of equivalent soluble fluorochrome (MESF to be the predictor of response to rituximab containing treatment in patients with B-cell lymphomas. In 17.5% of patients, who had the level of CD20 expression below the cut-off value, the response to rituximab containing treatment was significantly worse than in the rest of the patients with the level of CD20 expression above the cut-off value. The proportion of patients with low CD20 expression who might not benefit from rituximab containing treatment was not necessarily representative. Therefore the aim of this study was to quantify the CD20 expression in a larger series of patients with B-cell lymphomas which might allow us to determine more reliably the proportion of patients with the CD20 expression below the cut-off. Methods Cytological samples of 64 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL, 56 follicular lymphomas (FL, 31 chronic lymphocytic leukemias (CLL, 34 mantle cell lymphomas (MCL, 18 marginal zone lymphomas (MZL and 15 B-cell lymphomas unclassified were analyzed for CD20 expression by quantitative four-color flow cytometric measurements using FACSCalibur flow cytometer (BD Biosciences. Results The range of CD20 expression in different B-cell lymphomas was very broad, varying from 2 737 to 115 623 MESF in CLL and 3 549 to 679 577 MESF in DLBCL. However, when we compared the CD20 expression in the groups of patients with DLBCL, FL, MCL, MZL, CLL and B-cell lymphomas unclassified, it was found to be significantly lower (p = 0.002 only in CLL but did not significantly differ in other lymphoma types (p = NS. Fifty-three out of 218 (24.3% patients with B-cell lymphomas had the CD20 expression below the cut-off value. Conclusions The CD20 expression in CLL is significantly lower than in most histological types of mature B-cell lymphomas in which it appears to be comparable

  12. Clinicopathologic reassessment of non-mycosis fungoides primary cutaneous lymphomas during 17 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Reuven; Marcus-Farber, Bat-Sheva; Manov, Lena; Nerodinisky, Ina; Epelbaum, Ron; Sahar, Dvorah; Schein-Goldschmid, Rinat; Ramon, Michal; Ben-Arieh, Yehudith

    2002-11-01

    New classification systems have recently been proposed for primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCLs). The aim of our study was to evaluate the applicability and significance of the new classification systems to the diagnosis and management of non-mycosis fungoides (non-MF) PCL. Immunohistochemical restaining, histological reclassification, and clinical follow-up of all new non-MF PCL cases during 17 consecutive years were performed. The histological reclassification was performed according to the Revised European-American Lymphoma (REAL) classification, except for lymphomatoid papulosis (Lyp), which was included as an indolent lymphoma, according to the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) classification. During the period 1983-99, 251 new PCL cases were seen, 213 (85%) of which were MF and Sézary syndrome (eight cases), and 38 (15%) of which were non-MF. Of the latter, 20 (53%) were B-cell lymphomas, including eight (40%) follicle center lymphoma, follicular (FCLF), eight (40%) marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), two (10%) diffuse large cell lymphoma, and two (10%) unclassifiable cases. Most or all of the lesions did not stain for CD10, CD43, and bcl-2 protein, and immunostaining for kappa and lambda immunoglobulin light chain restriction was much more useful diagnostically in MZL. Of the 18 primary non-MF cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, 13 (72%) were Lyp, all of which were type A, four (22%) were CD30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma, and one (6%) was natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma. Except for the NK/T-cell lymphoma, all the other non-MF PCLs had an indolent course. A minority of the routinely diagnosed PCLs are non-MF, equally divided between B- and T-cell lymphomas. The REAL classification is applicable to the majority, although it does not include entities such as Lyp; the clinical correlations are not as obvious because most of the non-MF PCLs tend to have a relatively indolent course.

  13. Expression of BAFF-R and TACI in reactive lymphoid tissues and B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wada, Kiriko; Maeda, Kunihiko; Tajima, Katsushi; Kato, Takeo; Kobata, Tetsuji; Yamakawa, Mitsunori

    2009-01-01

    The receptor for B-cell-activating factor belonging to the tumour necrosis factor family (BAFF-R) and transmembrane activator and calcium modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) have been established as binding molecules to BAFF. The aim of this study was to determine the pathological diagnostic roles and clinical significance of these BAFF-binding receptors in B-cell neoplasms. Expression of BAFF-R and TACI was examined immunohistochemically in reactive lymphoid tissues and B-cell lymphomas including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), follicular lymphoma (FL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZBCL) and plasma cell myeloma (PCM). In reactive tissues BAFF-R was expressed exclusively in the cells of the mantle zone and within the germinal centres (GCs), whereas TACI appeared positive in the scattered cells in extrafollicular areas. There were variable patterns of expression of BAFF-R and TACI amongst the different types of B-cell lymphomas (MCL and FL: BAFF-R+TACI-; PCM: BAFF-R-TACI+; DLBCL and MZBCL: variable expression). Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction studies supported these results. The overall survival of the BAFF-R+ DLBCL group was significantly better than that of the BAFF-R- group. These results indicate that the assessment of expression of BAFF-binding receptors aids subclassification and prognostication of DLBCL.

  14. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin lymphomas comprising several distinct clinicopathological entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Paepe, P; De Wolf-Peeters, C

    2007-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) classification is clinically, morphologically and genetically a heterogeneous group of malignant proliferations of large lymphoid B cells. Over the last 6 years, several studies have been published improving our understanding of these lymphomas. These studies analyzed DLBCL by their gene expression profile, provided further information on some of the variants of DLBCL listed in the WHO classification and stressed the impact of the site of origin of these tumors. This review summarizes these recent data and explores their impact on the recognition of new clinicopathological lymphoma entities.

  15. Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the ascending colon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan D. Gilman

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Primary colorectal lymphoma is a rare malignancy accounting for 3% of all gastrointestinal lymphomas and 0.1-0.5% of all colorectal malignancies. Among primary colorectal lymphomas, the most common histological subtype of colorectal lymphoma is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We report a case of an 84-year old Caucasian female who was admitted to the hospital because of a 2 days history of altered mental status. In the emergency department the patient was found to have acute kidney injury and hypercalcemia. On physical examination a large lower quadrant abdominal mass was palpated. Computed tomography scan of abdomen confirmed the presence of a mass along the cecum and proximal ascending colon. Colonoscopy showed a large ulcerated mass and biopsy was consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient underwent colectomy but refused to receive chemotherapy.

  16. Primary B-cell Lymphoma of the Thyroid Featuring the Different Ultrasonographic Findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Na; Choi, Yoon Jung; Kim, Dong Hoon [Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-06-15

    We review here 3 cases of primary thyroid lymphoma that we experienced during the past 5 years (age range: 39-55, all of the patients were female). The clinical and various ultrasonographic characteristics together with the other imaging modalities of primary thyroid lymphomas are described. The clinical features at presentation for one patient were a goiter with rapid growth and this was accompanied by compressive symptoms. The tumors of the other 2 patients were incidentally found during screening thyroid ultrasound exams. The pathologic studies of 2 cases showed a diffuse B-cell lymphoma with associated Hashimoto's thyroiditis and one case was a B-cell lymphoma of the MALT type. An extra-thyroid extension was shown in one case. The treatments included surgery alone for two cases, and chemotherapy and radiation therapy for one case. A US exam of thyroid lymphoma can show various morphological features, and US-CNB is helpful for diagnosing thyroid lymphoma.

  17. Low-grade B-cell bronchial associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Shahid; Siddiqui, Anita Karim; Rai, Kanti R

    2002-01-01

    Low-grade B-cell bronchial associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) lymphoma is a distinct subgroup of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Chronic antigen stimulation, triggered by autoimmune process or persistent infection may precede the development of BALT lymphoma. The lymphoma cells originate from the marginal zone and by invading the bronchial epithelial tissue, give rise to the lymphoepithelial lesion. BALT lymphoma shares the morphologic, immunophenotypic, and cytogenetic characteristics of other mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas. A majority of the patients are asymptomatic and pulmonary lesions are incidentally discovered on a routine chest radiograph. However, the clinical and radiographic features of BALT lymphoma are nonspecific. The disease is often localized at the time of diagnosis and responds favorably to local treatment, but the optimal management is not clearly defined. Overall, BALT lymphoma has a favorable prognosis and is associated with long-term survival.

  18. Ocular Adnexal Diffuse Large B-cell LymphomaA Multicenter International Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch-Petersen, Helga D; Rasmussen, Peter K; Coupland, Sarah E

    2015-01-01

    IMPORTANCE: The clinical features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) subtype of ocular adnexal lymphoma have not previously been evaluated in a large cohort to our knowledge. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of ocular adnexal DLBCL (OA-DLBCL). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANT...

  19. Lupus-related single nucleotide polymorphisms and risk of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bernatsky, Sasha; Velásquez García, Héctor A; Spinelli, John; Gaffney, Patrick; Smedby, Karin E; Ramsey-Goldman, Rosalind; Wang, Sophia S.; Adami, Hans-Olov; Albanes, Demetrius; Angelucci, Emanuele; Ansell, Stephen M.; Asmann, Yan W.; Becker, Nikolaus; Benavente, Yolanda; Berndt, Sonja I.; Bertrand, Kimberly A.; Birmann, Brenda M.; Boeing, Heiner; Boffetta, Paolo; Bracci, Paige M.; Brennan, Paul; Brooks-Wilson, Angela R.; Cerhan, James R.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Clavel, Jacqueline; Conde, Lucia; Cotenbader, Karen H; Cox, David G; Cozen, Wendy; Crouch, Simon; De Roos, Anneclaire J.; De Sanjose, Silvia; Di Lollo, Simonetta; Diver, W. Ryan; Dogan, Ahmet; Foretova, Lenka; Ghesquières, Hervé; Giles, Graham G.; Glimelius, Bengt; Habermann, Thomas M.; Haioun, Corinne; Hartge, Patricia; Hjalgrim, Henrik; Holford, Theodore R.; Holly, Elizabeth A.; Jackson, Rebecca D.; Kaaks, Rudolph; Kane, Eleanor; Kelly, Rachel S.; Klein, Robert J.; Kraft, Peter; Kricker, Anne; Lan, Qing; Lawrence, Charles; Liebow, Mark; Lightfoot, Tracy; Link, Brian K.; Maynadie, Marc; McKay, James; Melbye, Mads; Molina, Thierry Jo; Monnereau, Alain; Morton, Lindsay M.; Nieters, Alexandra; North, Kari E.; Novak, Anne J.; Offit, Kenneth; Purdue, Mark P.; Rais, Marco; Riby, Jacques; Roman, Eve; Rothman, Nathaniel; Salles, Gilles; Severi, Gianluca; Severson, Richard K.; Skibola, Christine F.; Slager, Susan L.; Smith, Alex; Smith, Martyn T.; Southey, Melissa C.; Staines, Anthony; Teras, Lauren R.; Thompson, Carrie A.; Tilly, Hervé; Tinker, Lesley F.; Tjonneland, Anne; Turner, Jenny; Vajdic, Claire M.; Vermeulen, Roel C H|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/216532620; Vijai, Joseph; Vineis, Paolo; Virtamo, Jarmo; Wang, Zhaoming; Weinstein, Stephanie; Witzig, Thomas E.; Zelenetz, Andrew; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Zhang, Yawei; Zheng, Tongzhang; Zucca, Mariagrazia; Clarke, Ann E

    2017-01-01

    Objective: Determinants of the increased risk of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in SLE are unclear. Using data from a recent lymphoma genome-wide association study (GWAS), we assessed whether certain lupus-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were also associated with DLBCL.

  20. Relationships among hepatitis C virus, hepatocellular carcinoma, and diffuse large B cell lymphoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byun, Hyuk Jun; Kim, Seong Hoon [Dept. of Radiology, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-07-15

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the main causes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies have reported various associations between HCV and the incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We report the radiologic findings in a rare case of simultaneous occurrence of HCC and diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a HCV carrier.

  1. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography in Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mylam, Karen Juul; Nielsen, Anne Lerberg; Pedersen, Lars Møller

    2014-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive and potentially curable type of lymphoma. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is part of clinical routine for DLBCL in most hospitals and also recommended for staging and end-of-therapy evaluation. FDG......-PET assessment methods and the clinical application of FDG-PET for management of DLBCL....

  2. EBV+ diffuse large B-cell lymphoma arising within atrial myxoma in Chinese immunocompetent patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaoyan; Liu, Pu; Li, Jun

    2015-01-01

    The incidence rate of Primary cardiac lymphoma is very low. Primary cardiac lymphoma within myxoma is extremely rare disease. So far, these cases have been reported only eight in the world, which has not reported in Chinese so far. Hence, we reported the unique Chinese case of 52-year-old immunocompetent male with primary Epstein-Barr virus positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma arising within atrial myxoma, and had no evidence of systemic lymphoma. The patient presented right sided body numbness, arm weakness no incentive and mouth twitch. A transthoracic echocardiogram revealed a large intraatrial mass, attached to the left atrial wall. The mass was removed by open thoracic surgery and subsequently diagnosed as malignant diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with myxoma by histopathology. This was the fourth case of discovered Epstein-Barr virus positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in a cardiac myxoma reported so far. The patient has been well by followed up for 5 months without chemotherapy. Now we discuss the importance of histodiagnosis and the proper treatment. Epstein-Barr virus positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma arising within atrial myxoma is an extraordinary lymphoma for better prognosis, avoiding excessive treatment.

  3. Genome-wide association study identifies multiple susceptibility loci for diffuse large B cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cerhan, James R.; Berndt, Sonja I.; Vijai, Joseph; Ghesquières, Hervé; McKay, James; Wang, Sophia S.; Wang, Zhaoming; Yeager, Meredith; Conde, Lucia; De Bakker, Paul I W; Nieters, Alexandra; Cox, David; Burdett, Laurie; Monnereau, Alain; Flowers, Christopher R.; De Roos, Anneclaire J.; Brooks-Wilson, Angela R.; Lan, Qing; Severi, Gianluca; Melbye, Mads; Gu, Jian; Jackson, Rebecca D.; Kane, Eleanor; Teras, Lauren R.; Purdue, Mark P.; Vajdic, Claire M.; Spinelli, John J.; Giles, Graham G.; Albanes, Demetrius; Kelly, Rachel S.; Zucca, Mariagrazia; Bertrand, Kimberly A.; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Lawrence, Charles; Hutchinson, Amy; Zhi, Degui; Habermann, Thomas M.; Link, Brian K.; Novak, Anne J.; Dogan, Ahmet; Asmann, Yan W.; Liebow, Mark; Thompson, Carrie A.; Ansell, Stephen M.; Witzig, Thomas E.; Weiner, George J.; Veron, Amelie S.; Zelenika, Diana; Tilly, Hervé; Haioun, Corinne; Molina, Thierry Jo; Hjalgrim, Henrik; Glimelius, Bengt; Adami, Hans Olov; Bracci, Paige M.; Riby, Jacques; Smith, Martyn T.; Holly, Elizabeth A.; Cozen, Wendy; Hartge, Patricia; Morton, Lindsay M.; Severson, Richard K.; Tinker, Lesley F.; North, Kari E.; Becker, Nikolaus; Benavente, Yolanda; Boffetta, Paolo; Brennan, Paul; Foretova, Lenka; Maynadie, Marc; Staines, Anthony; Lightfoot, Tracy; Crouch, Simon; Smith, Alex; Roman, Eve; Diver, W. Ryan; Offit, Kenneth; Zelenetz, Andrew; Klein, Robert J.; Villano, Danylo J.; Zheng, Tongzhang; Zhang, Yawei; Holford, Theodore R.; Kricker, Anne; Turner, Jenny; Southey, Melissa C.; Clavel, Jacqueline; Virtamo, Jarmo; Weinstein, Stephanie; Riboli, Elio; Vineis, Paolo; Kaaks, Rudolph; Trichopoulos, Dimitrios; Vermeulen, Roel C H; Boeing, Heiner; Tjonneland, Anne; Angelucci, Emanuele; Di Lollo, Simonetta; Rais, Marco; Birmann, Brenda M.; Laden, Francine; Giovannucci, Edward; Kraft, Peter; Huang, Jinyan; Ma, Baoshan; Ye, Yuanqing; Chiu, Brian C H; Sampson, Joshua; Liang, Liming; Park, Ju Hyun; Chung, Charles C.; Weisenburger, Dennis D.; Chatterjee, Nilanjan; Fraumeni, Joseph F.; Slager, Susan L.; Wu, Xifeng; De Sanjose, Silvia; Smedby, Karin E.; Salles, Gilles; Skibola, Christine F.; Rothman, Nathaniel; Chanock, Stephen J.

    2014-01-01

    Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common lymphoma subtype and is clinically aggressive. To identify genetic susceptibility loci for DLBCL, we conducted a meta-analysis of 3 new genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and 1 previous scan, totaling 3,857 cases and 7,666 controls of

  4. Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma : remission after rituximab-cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone chemotherapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Horváth, Barbara; Demeter, Judit; Eros, Nóra; Hársing, Judit; Csomor, Judit; Matolcsy, András; Bottlik, Gyula; Gyori, Gabriella; Marschalkó, Márta; Kárpáti, Sarolta

    2009-01-01

    Intravascular lymphoma is an uncommon, very aggressive extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma that most frequently involves the skin and central nervous system. Most cases are of B-cell origin; T-cell phenotype is extremely rare. Malignant cells proliferate within the lumens of capillaries, arterioles,

  5. Localization in situ of costimulatory molecules and cytokines in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vyth-Dreese, F.A.; Boot, H.; Dellemijn, T.A.M.; Majoor, D.M.; Oomen, L.C.J.M.; Laman, J.D.; Meurs, M. van; Weger, R.A. de; Jong, D. de

    1998-01-01

    Costimulatory molecules are essential in cognate interactions between T and B lymphocytes. To study the prerequisites of functional interactions between malignant B cells and intermingled T cells in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (B-NHL), we examined the expression of CD40, CD80 and CD86 and their

  6. The Histological and Biological Spectrum of Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma in the WHO Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon, Madhu P.; Pittaluga, Stefania; Jaffe, Elaine S.

    2012-01-01

    Diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL) are aggressive B-cell lymphomas that are clinically, pathologically and genetically diverse, in part reflecting the functional diversity of the B-cell system. The focus in recent years has been towards incorporation of clinical features, morphology, immunohistochemistry and ever evolving genetic data into the classification scheme. The 2008 WHO classification reflects this complexity with the addition of several new entities and variants. The discovery of distinct subtypes by gene expression profiling (GEP) heralded a new era with a focus on pathways of transformation as well as a promise of more targeted therapies, directed at specific pathways. Some DLBCLs exhibit unique clinical characteristics with a predilection for specific anatomic sites; the anatomic site often reflects underlying biological distinctions. Recently, the spectrum of EBV-driven B-cell proliferations in patients without iatrogenic or congenital immunosuppression has been better characterized; most of these occur in patients of advanced age, and include EBV-positive large B-cell lymphoma of the elderly. HHV-8 is involved in the pathogenesis of primary effusion lymphoma, which can present as a “solid variant.” Two borderline categories were created; one deals with tumors at the interface between classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and DLBCL. The second confronts the interface between Burkitt Lymphoma (BL) and DLBCL, so called “B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and Burkitt lymphoma” in the 2008 classification. Most cases harbor both MYC and BCL2 translocations, and are highly aggressive. Another interesting entity is ALK+ DLBCL, which renders itself potentially targetable by ALK inhibitors. Ongoing investigations at the genomic level, with both exome and whole genome sequencing, are sure to reveal new pathways of transformation in the future. PMID:23006945

  7. Assessment of CD37 B-cell antigen and cell-of-origin significantly improves risk prediction in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu-Monette, Zijun Y; Li, Ling; Byrd, John C

    2016-01-01

    CD37 (tetraspanin TSPAN26) is a B-cell surface antigen widely expressed on mature B cells. CD37 is involved in immune regulation and tumor suppression but its function has not been fully elucidated. We assessed CD37 expression in de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and investigated its...

  8. Cutaneous Involvement of Hodgkin Lymphoma in a Child – Case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Specific cutaneous involvement in Hodgkin Lymphoma is rare and has not been reported in the younger paediatric age group. We report a case of a ten year old girl who presented with specific cutaneous involvement, confirmed using immunohistochemical stains. Treatment with combination chemotherapy resulted in rapid ...

  9. Gastrosplenic fistula due to splenic large B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yin-Lu Ding

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A gastrosplenic fistula (GSF is an unusual complication arising from a variety of primary gastric or splenic malignant lesions and less commonly from benign diseases. Splenic large cell lymphoma may be a main cause of this distinctive complication. We report a case of 62-year-old male with spontaneous GSF due to pathologically proven splenic large cell lymphoma who was diagnosed by computed tomography and treated successfully by surgical management.

  10. Lymphoma of the eyelid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Frederik Holm; Heegaard, Steffen

    2017-01-01

    and that of cutaneous lymphoma. The majority of subtypes occur in elderly patients, except for lymphoblastic lymphoma of B-cell and T-cell origin and Burkitt lymphoma, which occur in children and adolescents. Several subtypes have a male predominance, including peripheral T-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma. Only...

  11. Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Arising from Chronic Tuberculous Empyema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ju Sik Yun

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Pyothorax-associated lymphoma is a relatively rare type of lymphoma that occurs in patients who have long histories of tuberculous pleuritis or induced pneumothorax. It is a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of mainly the B-cell phenotype and is strongly associated with Epstein−Barr virus infection. A majority of these cases have been reported in Japan, although some cases have occurred in Western countries. Here, we describe a case of pyothorax- associated lymphoma in a patient with a 30-year history of chronic tuberculous empyema. The patient underwent decortication under the impression of chronic empyema with fistula. The histopathologic diagnosis was a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma associated chronic inflammation.

  12. Epigenetic Heterogeneity of B-Cell Lymphoma: DNA Methylation, Gene Expression and Chromatin States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Hopp

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Mature B-cell lymphoma is a clinically and biologically highly diverse disease. Its diagnosis and prognosis is a challenge due to its molecular heterogeneity and diverse regimes of biological dysfunctions, which are partly driven by epigenetic mechanisms. We here present an integrative analysis of DNA methylation and gene expression data of several lymphoma subtypes. Our study confirms previous results about the role of stemness genes during development and maturation of B-cells and their dysfunction in lymphoma locking in more proliferative or immune-reactive states referring to B-cell functionalities in the dark and light zone of the germinal center and also in plasma cells. These dysfunctions are governed by widespread epigenetic effects altering the promoter methylation of the involved genes, their activity status as moderated by histone modifications and also by chromatin remodeling. We identified four groups of genes showing characteristic expression and methylation signatures among Burkitt’s lymphoma, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma and multiple myeloma. These signatures are associated with epigenetic effects such as remodeling from transcriptionally inactive into active chromatin states, differential promoter methylation and the enrichment of targets of transcription factors such as EZH2 and SUZ12.

  13. B-cell lymphoma of the heart: A rare diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matos, António P; Palas, João; Doulaptsis, Constantinos; Ramalho, Miguel; Duarte, Sérgio; Bogaert, Jan

    2014-12-01

    We present a case of a primary cardiac lymphoma in a 60-year-old woman. The clinical presentation was non-specific and the diagnosis was suggested by its appearance on multidetector computed tomography. The final diagnosis was achieved by histopathological study and was corroborated by a decrease in tumor volume after targeted chemotherapy. A brief review of the appearance of primary cardiac lymphomas in imaging studies is presented. Copyright © 2014 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  14. Two cases of uveitis masquerade syndrome caused by bilateral intraocular large B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Svetlana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Sometimes it is not easy to clinically recognize subtle differences between intraocular lymphoma and noninfectious uveitis. The most common lymphoma subtype involving the eye is B-cell lymphoma. Case report. We presented two patients aged 59 and 58 years with infiltration of the subretinal space with a large B-cell non-Hodgkin intraocular lymphoma. The patients originally had clinically masked syndrome in the form of intermediate uveitis. As it was a corticosteroid-resistant uveitis, we focused on the possible diagnosis of neoplastic causes of this syndrome. During hospitalization, the neurological symptoms emerged and multiple subretinal changes accompanied by yellowish white patches of retinal pigment epithelium with signs of vitritis, which made us suspect the intraocular lymphoma. Endocranial magnetic resonance imaging established tumorous infiltration in the region of the left hemisphere of the cerebellum. The histopathological finding confirmed the diagnosis of large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma of risk moderate degree, immunoblast - centroblast cytological type. The other patient had clinical chronic uveitis accompanied by yellowish shaped white echographic changes of the retina and localized changes in the level of the subretina. The diagnosis of lymphoma was made by brain biopsy. Conclusion. Uveitis masquerade syndrome should be considered in all patients over 40 years with idiopathic steroid-resistant uveitis. Treatment begun on time can affect the course and improve the prognosis of uveitis masquerade syndrome (UMS and systemic disease.

  15. Total skin electron beam therapy as palliative treatment for cutaneous manifestations of advanced, therapy-refractory cutaneous lymphoma and leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hauswald Henrik

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To retrospectively access the outcome and toxicity of a total skin electron beam therapy (TSEBT in patients with cutaneous lymphoma (CL or leukemia. Patients and methods Treatment results of 25 patients (median age 63 years; 5 female, 20 male with cutaneous manifestations of advanced and therapy-refractory CL (n = 21; T-cell lymphomas n = 18, B-cell lymphomas n = 3 stage IIB-IV or leukemia (n = 4; AML n = 2, CLL n = 1, PDC n = 1 treated between 1993 and 2010 were reviewed. All patients were symptomatic. The median total dose was 29Gy, applied in 29 fractions of median 1 Gy each. Results The median follow-up was 10 months. Palliation was achieved in 23 patients (92%. A clinical complete response was documented in 13 (52% and a partial response in 10 patients (40%. The median time to skin progression was 5 months (range 1–18 months and the actuarial one-year progression-free survival 35%. The median overall survival (OS after the initiation of TSEBT was 10 months (range 1–46 months and the actuarial one-year OS 45%. TSEBT related acute adverse events (grade 1 or 2 were observed in all patients during the treatment period. An acute grade 3 epitheliolysis developed in eight patients (32%. Long-term adverse events as a hyperpigmentation of the skin (grade 1 or 2 were documented in 19 patients (76%, and a hypohidrosis in seven patients (28%. Conclusion For palliation of symptomatic cutaneous manifestations of advanced cutaneous lymphoma or leukemia, total skin electron beam therapy is an efficient and well tolerated considerable treatment option.

  16. Total skin electron beam therapy as palliative treatment for cutaneous manifestations of advanced, therapy-refractory cutaneous lymphoma and leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauswald, Henrik; Zwicker, Felix; Rochet, Nathalie; Uhl, Matthias; Hensley, Frank; Debus, Jürgen; Herfarth, Klaus; Bischof, Marc

    2012-07-29

    To retrospectively access the outcome and toxicity of a total skin electron beam therapy (TSEBT) in patients with cutaneous lymphoma (CL) or leukemia. Treatment results of 25 patients (median age 63 years; 5 female, 20 male) with cutaneous manifestations of advanced and therapy-refractory CL (n = 21; T-cell lymphomas n = 18, B-cell lymphomas n = 3) stage IIB-IV or leukemia (n = 4; AML n = 2, CLL n = 1, PDC n = 1) treated between 1993 and 2010 were reviewed. All patients were symptomatic. The median total dose was 29Gy, applied in 29 fractions of median 1 Gy each. The median follow-up was 10 months. Palliation was achieved in 23 patients (92%). A clinical complete response was documented in 13 (52%) and a partial response in 10 patients (40%). The median time to skin progression was 5 months (range 1-18 months) and the actuarial one-year progression-free survival 35%. The median overall survival (OS) after the initiation of TSEBT was 10 months (range 1-46 months) and the actuarial one-year OS 45%. TSEBT related acute adverse events (grade 1 or 2) were observed in all patients during the treatment period. An acute grade 3 epitheliolysis developed in eight patients (32%). Long-term adverse events as a hyperpigmentation of the skin (grade 1 or 2) were documented in 19 patients (76%), and a hypohidrosis in seven patients (28%). For palliation of symptomatic cutaneous manifestations of advanced cutaneous lymphoma or leukemia, total skin electron beam therapy is an efficient and well tolerated considerable treatment option.

  17. Diagnosis of 'double hit' diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between DLBCL and Burkitt lymphoma: when and how, FISH versus IHC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swerdlow, Steven H

    2014-12-05

    Identification of large B-cell lymphomas that are "extra-aggressive" and may require therapy other than that used for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL, NOS), is of great interest. Large B-cell lymphomas with MYC plus BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements, so-called 'double hit' (DHL) or 'triple hit' (THL) lymphomas, are one such group of cases often recognized using cytogenetic FISH studies. Whether features such as morphologic classification, BCL2 expression, or type of MYC translocation partner may mitigate the very adverse prognosis of DHL/THL is controversial. Classification of the DHL/THL is also controversial, with most either dividing them up between the DLBCL, NOS and B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between DLBCL and Burkitt lymphoma (BCLU) categories or classifying at least the majority as BCLU. The BCLU category itself has many features that overlap those of DHL/THL. Currently, there is growing interest in the use of MYC and other immunohistochemistry either to help screen for DHL/THL or to identify "double-expressor" (DE) large B-cell lymphomas, defined in most studies as having ≥40% MYC+ and ≥50%-70% BCL2+ cells. DE large B-cell lymphomas are generally aggressive, although not as aggressive as DHL/THL, are more common than DHL/THL, and are more likely to have a nongerminal center phenotype. Whether single MYC rearrangements or MYC expression alone is of clinical importance is controversial. The field of the DHL/THL and DE large B-cell lymphomas is becoming more complex, with many issues left to resolve; however, great interest remains in identifying these cases while more is learned about them. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology. All rights reserved.

  18. Primary Breast Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT Lymphoma Transformation to Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şerife Hülya Arslan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL of the breast constitutes 0.04%-0.53% of all malignancies and 2.2% of extra nodal lymphomas. In total, 7%-8% of all B-cell lymphomas are the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT type, of which up to 50% of primary gastric MALT lymphoma. Herein we present a patient with breast MALT lymphoma that transformed to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. A 69-year-old female presented with a mass on her left breast. Physical examination showed a 3 × 3-cm mass located 1 cm from the areola on the upper lateral quadrant of the breast at the 1 o’clock position, which was fixed and firm. Excisional biopsy was performed and pathologic examination of the specimen showed MALT lymphoma transformation to DLBCL. The patient was staged as II-EA. The rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP protocol was scheduled as treatment. Following 6 courses of R-CHOP, 2 additional courses of rituximab were administered. Positron emission tomography (PET-CT was done at the end of the treatment. PET showed that the patient was in complete remission. At the time this report was written, the patient was being followed-up at the outpatient clinic on a regular basis. Lymphoma of the breast is a rarity among malignant tumors of the breast. The most common type of lymphoma is DLBCL. Breast MALT lymphoma is extremely rare. Primary MALT lymphoma of the breast can transform from low grade to high grade and recurrence is possible; therefore, such patients should be monitored carefully for transformation.

  19. A Case of Successful Remission of Extensive Primary Gastric Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma: Radiologic, Endoscopic and Pathologic Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike M. Bismar

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Though rare amongst stomach neoplasms, primary gastric diffuse large B cell lymphoma is one of the commonest extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphomas. If left untreated, it can have a devastating progression and life-threatening consequences. We present the case of a successfully treated large antral ulcer confirmed to be large B cell lymphoma as evidenced by radiologic, endoscopic and histopathologic findings. A brief discussion about the types of gastric lymphoma, their Helicobacter pylori relation and therapeutic modalities follows.

  20. TRPM4 expression is associated with activated B cell subtype and poor survival in diffuse large B cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Loo, Suet K.; Ch'ng, Ewe S.; Md Salleh, Md Salzihan

    2017-01-01

    Aims: Transient receptor potential channel melastatin 4 (TRPM4) is an ion channel that regulates influx of calcium cations (Ca2+). Recent studies suggest that TRPM4 is an oncoprotein, and its up-regulated transcript level has been reported in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We aimed...... to normal germinal centre B (GCB) cells, were expressed more highly in the activated B cell-like DLBCL (ABC-DLBCL) subtype and higher TRPM4 transcripts conferred worse overall survival (OS) in R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone)-treated DLBCL cases (P ... with more aggressive clinical parameters, including higher lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores or stage (P

  1. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis secondary to T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Devitt

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH is a life-threatening clinical syndrome characterized by dysregulation of the immune system. Impaired function of cytotoxic T cells and natural killer cells is often seen, and T-cell malignancies represent most cases of lymphoma-associated HLH. HLH associated with B-cell lymphoma is rare. We describe a case of a 30-year-old man who presented with fever, splenomegaly, and hyperferritinemia. Bone marrow biopsy revealed T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma, a rare, aggressive B-cell malignancy. This case highlights the interplay between a pro-inflammatory cytokine microenvironment and tumor-mediated immune suppression, and addresses the importance of accurately diagnosing these entities for appropriate clinical management.

  2. Breast schwannoma in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salihoglu Ayse

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Schwannomas are mostly benign tumors arising from Schwann cells of the nerve sheaths. Breast schwannomas are very rare and account for only 2.6% of cases. As far as we know this is the first reported case of breast schwannoma discovered in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The breast schwannoma was evaluated with positron emission tomography and it exhibited moderate 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake. Case presentation We present the case of a breast schwannoma in a 63-year-old Caucasian woman who was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Conclusion Imaging modalities including positron emission tomography-computed tomography failed to distinguish breast schwannoma from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma involvement of the breast.

  3. Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma presenting with fulminant pseudomembranous colitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tao; Ghaffar, Hasan; Grin, Andrea

    2013-05-01

    Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma is a rare entity that usually presents in late stages with non-specific symptoms. We present a case of an incidentally discovered intravascular large B-cell lymphoma in a 78-year-old man who underwent colectomy for medically refractory pseudomembranous colitis. The malignant lymphocytes were preferentially localized to small colonic submucosal vasculature, without any evidence of an extravascular tumor mass. The gastrointestinal system is an exceeding rare initial diagnostic site for intravascular lymphoma, and presentation with pseudomembranous colitis has not been previously reported. We discuss the current definition of intravascular lymphoma, clinicopathological variants, differential diagnoses, as well as current therapy. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  4. B-cell Lymphoma in retrieved femoral heads: a long term follow up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Kemenade Folkert J

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A relatively high incidence of pathological conditions in retrieved femoral heads, including a group of patients having low grade B-cell lymphoma, has been described before. At short term follow up none of these patients with low-grade B-cell lymphoma showed evidence of systemic disease. However, the long term follow up of these patients is not known. Methods From November 1994 up to and including December 2005 we screened all femoral heads removed at the time of primary total hip replacement histopathologically and included them in the bone banking protocol according to the guidelines of the American Associations of Tissue Banks (AATB and the European Association of Musculo-Skeletal Transplantation (EAMST. We determined the percentage of B-cell lymphoma in all femoral heads and in the group that fulfilled all criteria of the bone banking protocol and report on the long-term follow-up. Results Of 852 femoral heads fourteen (1.6% were highly suspicious for low-grade B-cell lymphoma. Of these 852 femoral heads, 504 were eligible for bone transplantation according to the guidelines of the AATB and the EAMST. Six femoral heads of this group of 504 were highly suspicious for low-grade B-cell lymphoma (1.2%. At long term follow up two (0.2% of all patients developed systemic malignant disease and one of them needed medical treatment for her condition. Conclusion In routine histopathological screening we found variable numbers of low-grade B-cell lymphoma throughout the years, even in a group of femoral heads that were eligible for bone transplantation. Allogenic transmission of malignancy has not yet been reported on, but surviving viruses are proven to be transmissible. Therefore, we recommend the routine histopathological evaluation of all femoral heads removed at primary total hip arthroplasty as a tool for quality control, whether the femoral head is used for bone banking or not.

  5. Capgras syndrome associated with limbic encephalitis in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Herval Ribeiro Soares Neto; Wagner Cid Palmeira Cavalcante; Sebastião Nunes Martins Filho; Jerusa Smid; Ricardo Nitrini

    2016-01-01

    We report the case of a patient with insidious onset and slowly progressive cognitive impairment, behavioral symptoms, temporal lobe seizures and delusional thoughts typical of delusional misidentification syndromes. Clinical presentation along with extensive diagnostic work-up revealed limbic encephalitis secondary to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient underwent immunotherapy with high-dose corticosteroid but no significant improvement was observed. No specific treatment for lymphoma...

  6. Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in an orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikpatt, Offiong F; Reavill, Drury; Chatfield, Jason; Clubb, Susan; Rosenblatt, Joseph D; Fonte, Glenn; Fan, Yao-Shan; Cray, Carolyn

    2014-12-01

    Lymphoma is a common malignancy observed in companion animals. This type of naturally occurring neoplasia has been uncommonly reported in great apes. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was diagnosed in an 8-yr-old captive orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) with gastrointestinal disease by histologic and immunohistochemical methodologies. The orangutan was treated with three cycles of combination chemotherapy (intravenous Rituxan, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine). The primate has been in good health and exhibiting normal behaviors for more than 15 mo following treatment.

  7. Interleukin 21 - its potential role in the therapy of B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatt, Shruti; Sarosiek, Kristopher A; Lossos, Izidore S

    2017-01-01

    Interleukin-21 (IL-21), a member of IL-2 cytokine family, has pleotropic biological effects on lymphoid and myeloid cells. During the past 15 years, since the discovery of IL-21, great advances have been made regarding its biological activity and the mechanisms controlling IL-21-mediated cellular responses, especially in hematological malignancies. Preclinical studies have shown that IL-21R is expressed on healthy and neoplastic B-cells and exogenous IL-21 can induce direct apoptosis of IL-21R expressing B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL), making it a potentially attractive anti-lymphoma therapy. However, in some hematological malignancies such as multiple myeloma, Hodgkin lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma, IL-21 can induce proliferation of neoplastic B-cells. In NHL, the underlying mechanism of cell death was found to be different between the various subtypes, including activation of different JAK/STAT signal transduction pathways or other factors. Immunomodulatory effects of IL-21 have also been reported to contribute to its anti-tumor effects as described by earlier studies in solid tumors and B-cell associated malignancies. These effects are predominantly mediated by IL-21's ability to activate cytolytic activities by NK-cells and CD4 + /CD8 + T-cells. In this review, we provide an overview of IL-21's effects in NHL, results from clinical trials utilizing IL-21, and propose how IL-21 can be therapeutically exploited for treating these lymphomas.

  8. Coordinate suppression of B cell lymphoma by PTEN and SHIP phosphatases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miletic, Ana V; Anzelon-Mills, Amy N; Mills, David M

    2010-01-01

    The inositol phosphatases phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) and Src homology 2 domain-containing inositol phosphatase (SHIP) negatively regulate phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)-mediated growth, survival, and proliferation of hematopoietic cells. Although deletion of PTEN in mouse T cells...... proliferate to the prosurvival factor B cell activating factor (BAFF). Interestingly, although BAFF availability may promote lymphoma progression, we demonstrate that BAFF is not required for the expansion of transferred bPTEN/SHIP(-/-) B cells. This study reveals that PTEN and SHIP act cooperatively...... to suppress B cell lymphoma and provides the first direct evidence that SHIP is a tumor suppressor. As such, assessment of both PTEN and SHIP function are relevant to understanding the etiology of human B cell malignancies that exhibit augmented activation of the PI3K pathway....

  9. TET2 mutations in B cells of patients affected by angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Friederike H; Cai, Qian; Fellmann, Eva; Hartmann, Sylvia; Mäyränpää, Mikko I; Karjalainen-Lindsberg, Marja-Liisa; Sundström, Christer; Scholtysik, René; Hansmann, Martin-Leo; Küppers, Ralf

    2017-06-01

    Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphomas (AITLs) frequently carry mutations in the TET2 and IDH2 genes. TET2 mutations represent early genetic lesions as they had already been detected in haematopoietic precursor cells of AITL patients. We show by analysis of whole-tissue sections and microdissected PD1+ cells that the frequency of TET2-mutated AITL is presumably even higher than reported (12/13 cases in our collection; 92%). In two-thirds of informative AITLs (6/9), a fraction of B cells was also TET2-mutated. Investigation of four AITLs by TET2 and IGHV gene sequencing of single microdissected B cells showed that between 10% and 60% of polyclonal B cells in AITL lymph nodes harboured the identical TET2 mutations of the respective T-cell lymphoma clone. Thus, TET2-mutated haematopoietic precursor cells in AITL patients not only give rise to the T-cell lymphoma but also generate a large population of mutated mature B cells. Future studies will show whether this is a reason why AITL patients frequently also develop B-cell lymphomas. Copyright © 2017 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2017 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. Primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma belongs to the nongerminal center B-cell-like subgroup: A study of 18 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Abbadi, Mousa A; Hattab, Eyas M; Tarawneh, Musleh S; Amr, Samir S; Orazi, Attilio; Ulbright, Thomas M

    2006-12-01

    The most common type of primary testicular lymphoma is diffuse large B-cell type, which has the potential for aggressive clinical behavior. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma can be further subclassified into two major prognostic categories: germinal center B-cell-like and nongerminal center B-cell-like. Such distinction is made possible using the immunohistochemical expression of CD10, Bcl-6 and MUM1. The aim of this study was to stratify primary testicular lymphoma of the diffuse large B-cell type according to this scheme. Immunohistochemical stains for CD10, Bcl-6 and MUM1 were performed on 18 cases of primary testicular lymphoma of diffuse large B-cell type. Subclassification was carried out as previously described where CD10 and/or Bcl-6 positivity and negativity for MUM1 were considered indicative of germinal center B-cell-like type and the opposite expression as nongerminal center B-cell-like type. The proliferative activity was determined using immunostaining with the Ki-67 antibody. Of 18 cases, 16 (89%) were found to belong to the nongerminal center B-cell-like type. Two cases (11%) were classified as germinal center B-cell-like type; one had a CD10-positive, Bcl-6-positive and MUM1-negative profile, and the other was CD10 negative, Bcl-6 positive and MUM1 negative. The former occurred in a 38-year-old patient who was human immunodeficiency virus positive. All the cases expressed high proliferative activity (> or =50% Ki-67 labeling). We conclude that most (89%) primary testicular lymphomas of the diffuse large B-cell type belong to the nongerminal center B-cell-like subgroup and have high proliferative activity.

  11. Early diagnosis of recurrent diffuse large B-cell lymphoma showing intravascular lymphoma by random skin biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasuya, Akira; Hashizume, Hideo; Takigawa, Masahiro

    2011-06-01

    A 66-year-old man was admitted to our hospital presenting 2 weeks' history of fever of unknown origin with elevated levels of lactate dehydrogenase and C-reactive protein. Six years before this episode, he had developed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, which had been successfully treated with chemoradiation. While recurrence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was suspected, there was neither lymphadenopathy nor tumor formation by the imaging study. Random biopsy from normal-appearing abdominal skin showed extensive infiltration of CD20(+), CD79a(+), CD3(-) atypical lymphoid cells in the lumen of vessels in subcutaneous tissues. These findings led us to the diagnosis of intravascular B-cell lymphoma. Following rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine and prednisolone therapy, high fever subsided, and lactate dehydrogenase and C-reactive protein levels returned to the normal range. In conclusion, random skin biopsy is useful for the early diagnosis of intravascular B-cell lymphoma. © 2010 Japanese Dermatological Association.

  12. A comparison between protein profiles of B cell subpopulations and mantle cell lymphoma cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lehtiö Janne

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background B-cell lymphomas are thought to reflect different stages of B-cell maturation. Based on cytogenetics and molecular markers, mantle cell lymphoma (MCL is presumed to derive predominantly from naïve, pre-germinal centre (pre-GC B lymphocytes. The aim of this study was to develop a method to investigate the similarity between MCL cells and different B-cell compartments on a protein expression level. Methods Subpopulations of B cells representing the germinal centre (GC, the pre-GC mantle zone and the post-GC marginal zone were isolated from tonsils using automated magnetic cell sorting (AutoMACS of cells based on their expression of CD27 and IgD. Protein profiling of the B cell subsets, of cell lines representing different lymphomas and of primary MCL samples was performed using top-down proteomics profiling by surface-enhanced laser detection/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS. Results Quantitative MS data of significant protein peaks (p-value Conclusion AutoMACS sorting generates sufficient purity to enable a comparison between protein profiles of B cell subpopulations and malignant B lymphocytes applying SELDI-TOF-MS. Further validation with an increased number of patient samples and identification of differentially expressed proteins would enable a search for possible treatment targets that are expressed during the early development of MCL.

  13. Phospho-specific flow cytometry identifies aberrant signaling in indolent B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blix Egil S

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge about signaling pathways in malignant cells may provide prognostic and diagnostic information in addition to identify potential molecular targets for therapy. B-cell receptor (BCR and co-receptor CD40 signaling is essential for normal B cells, and there is increasing evidence that signaling via BCR and CD40 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of B-cell lymphoma. The aim of this study was to investigate basal and induced signaling in lymphoma B cells and infiltrating T cells in single-cell suspensions of biopsies from small cell lymphocytic lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia (SLL/CLL and marginal zone lymphoma (MZL patients. Methods Samples from untreated SLL/CLL and MZL patients were examined for basal and activation induced signaling by phospho-specific flow cytometry. A panel of 9 stimulation conditions targeting B and T cells, including crosslinking of the B cell receptor (BCR, CD40 ligand and interleukins in combination with 12 matching phospho-protein readouts was used to study signaling. Results Malignant B cells from SLL/CLL patients had higher basal levels of phosphorylated (p-SFKs, p-PLCγ, p-ERK, p-p38, p-p65 (NF-κB, p-STAT5 and p-STAT6, compared to healthy donor B cells. In contrast, anti-BCR induced signaling was highly impaired in SLL/CLL and MZL B cells as determined by low p-SFK, p-SYK and p-PLCγ levels. Impaired anti-BCR-induced p-PLCγ was associated with reduced surface expression of IgM and CD79b. Similarly, CD40L-induced p-ERK and p-p38 were also significantly reduced in lymphoma B cells, whereas p-p65 (NF-κB was equal to that of normal B cells. In contrast, IL-2, IL-7 and IL-15 induced p-STAT5 in tumor-infiltrating T cells were not different from normal T cells. Conclusions BCR signaling and CD40L-induced p-p38 was suppressed in malignant B cells from SLL/CLL and MZL patients. Single-cell phospho-specific flow cytometry for detection of basal as well as activation

  14. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the ocular adnexal region

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Peter Kristian; Ralfkiaer, Elisabeth; Prause, Jan U

    2013-01-01

    III and ten patients (29%) presented with Stage IV lymphoma. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate for the whole study group was 20%. The patients with Stage I lymphoma had a significantly better 5-year OS rate (28%) than patients in Stage II-IV (5-year OS rate, 9%). In Cox regression analysis......Purpose: To characterize the clinicopathological features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the ocular adnexal region. Methods: The present series of orbital and adnexal DLBCLs were found by searching the Danish Registry of Pathology between 1980 and 2009. Histological specimens were re......-seven per cent of the patients had unilateral ocular adnexal region involvement, and the orbit (76%) was the most frequently affected site. Nineteen patients (56%) presented with Stage I lymphoma. Of these, 18 were diagnosed with primary lymphoma. Four patients (12%) had Stage II, one patient (3%) had Stage...

  15. [Central nervous system relapse in diffuse large B cell lymphoma: Risk factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sancho, Juan-Manuel; Ribera, Josep-Maria

    2016-01-15

    Central nervous system (CNS) involvement by lymphoma is a complication associated, almost invariably, with a poor prognosis. The knowledge of the risk factors for CNS relapse is important to determine which patients could benefit from prophylaxis. Thus, patients with very aggressive lymphomas (such as lymphoblastic lymphoma or Burkitt's lymphoma) must systematically receive CNS prophylaxis due to a high CNS relapse rate (25-30%), while in patients with indolent lymphoma (such as follicular lymphoma or marginal lymphoma) prophylaxis is unnecessary. However, the question about CNS prophylaxis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common type of lymphoma, remains controversial. The information available is extensive, mainly based on retrospective and heterogeneous studies. There seems that immunochemotherapy based on rituximab reduces the CNS relapse rate. On the other hand, patients with increased serum lactate dehydrogenase plus more than one extranodal involvement seem to have a higher risk of CNS relapse, but a prophylaxis strategy based only on the presence of these 2 factors does not prevent all CNS relapses. Patients with involvement of testes or breast have high risk of CNS relapse and prophylaxis is mandatory. Finally, CNS prophylaxis could be considered in patients with DLBCL and renal or epidural space involvement, as well as in those cases with MYC rearrangements, although additional studies are necessary. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Loss of signalling via Gα13 in germinal centre B-cell-derived lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muppidi, Jagan R; Schmitz, Roland; Green, Jesse A; Xiao, Wenming; Larsen, Adrien B; Braun, Sterling E; An, Jinping; Xu, Ying; Rosenwald, Andreas; Ott, German; Gascoyne, Randy D; Rimsza, Lisa M; Campo, Elias; Jaffe, Elaine S; Delabie, Jan; Smeland, Erlend B; Braziel, Rita M; Tubbs, Raymond R; Cook, J R; Weisenburger, Dennis D; Chan, Wing C; Vaidehi, Nagarajan; Staudt, Louis M; Cyster, Jason G

    2014-12-11

    Germinal centre B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (GCB-DLBCL) is a common malignancy, yet the signalling pathways that are deregulated and the factors leading to its systemic dissemination are poorly defined. Work in mice showed that sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor-2 (S1PR2), a Gα12 and Gα13 coupled receptor, promotes growth regulation and local confinement of germinal centre B cells. Recent deep sequencing studies of GCB-DLBCL have revealed mutations in many genes in this cancer, including in GNA13 (encoding Gα13) and S1PR2 (refs 5,6, 7). Here we show, using in vitro and in vivo assays, that GCB-DLBCL-associated mutations occurring in S1PR2 frequently disrupt the receptor's Akt and migration inhibitory functions. Gα13-deficient mouse germinal centre B cells and human GCB-DLBCL cells were unable to suppress pAkt and migration in response to S1P, and Gα13-deficient mice developed germinal centre B-cell-derived lymphoma. Germinal centre B cells, unlike most lymphocytes, are tightly confined in lymphoid organs and do not recirculate. Remarkably, deficiency in Gα13, but not S1PR2, led to germinal centre B-cell dissemination into lymph and blood. GCB-DLBCL cell lines frequently carried mutations in the Gα13 effector ARHGEF1, and Arhgef1 deficiency also led to germinal centre B-cell dissemination. The incomplete phenocopy of Gα13- and S1PR2 deficiency led us to discover that P2RY8, an orphan receptor that is mutated in GCB-DLBCL and another germinal centre B-cell-derived malignancy, Burkitt's lymphoma, also represses germinal centre B-cell growth and promotes confinement via Gα13. These findings identify a Gα13-dependent pathway that exerts dual actions in suppressing growth and blocking dissemination of germinal centre B cells that is frequently disrupted in germinal centre B-cell-derived lymphoma.

  17. Primary cutaneous multifocal CD 30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha L

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A 45-year-old male presented with asymptomatic tumors all over the body. The tumors showed no signs of ulceration or regression. There were generalized, nontender, firm to hard enlarged lymph nodes without hepatosplenomegaly. Biopsy and immunophenotyping revealed CD 30+ anaplastic primary cutaneous large cell lymphoma. Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma is characterized by single or grouped reddish-brown tumor nodules, which frequently tend to ulcerate. Secondary involvement of lymph nodes is seen in only 25%. The lesions responded dramatically to chemotherapy, but recurred.

  18. Loss of PRDM1/BLIMP-1 function contributes to poor prognosis of activated B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xia, Y.; Xu-Monette, Z.Y.; Tzankov, A.; Li, X.; Manyam, G.C.; Murty, V.; Bhagat, G.; Zhang, S.; Pasqualucci, L.; Visco, C.; Dybkaer, K.; Chiu, A.; Orazi, A.; Zu, Y.; Richards, K.L.; Hsi, E.D.; Choi, W.W.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Huh, J.; Ponzoni, M.; Ferreri, A.J.; Moller, M.B.; Parsons, B.M.; Winter, J.N.; Piris, M.A.; Westin, J.; Fowler, N.; Miranda, R.N.; Ok, C.Y.; Li, Y.; Li, J.; Medeiros, L.J.; Young, K.H.

    2017-01-01

    PRDM1/BLIMP-1, a master regulator of plasma-cell differentiation, is frequently inactivated in activated B-cell-like (ABC) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Little is known about its genetic aberrations and relevant clinical implications. A large series of patients with de novo DLBCL

  19. MYC Protein-positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Features an Activated B-Cell Receptor Signal Pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei-Ge; Jiang, Xiang-Nan; Liu, Ze-Bing; Zhou, Xiao-Yan; Li, Xiao-Qiu

    2017-04-01

    Components of the B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathway represent promising therapeutic targets in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and other B-cell malignancies. MYC, a transcriptional factor and oncoprotein, is overexpressed in a fraction of DLBCL and indicates poor prognosis and aggressive clinical course when treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). However, BCR signaling status in MYC-positive DLBCL cases and the potential efficacy of BCR signal inhibitors in treating this aggressive disease are unknown. To further elucidate the BCR signaling pathway in MYC-positive DLBCL, we analyzed the levels of BCR-associated genes according to MYC gene status, detected phosphorylated protein with primary DLBCL samples, and estimated the patient survival with MYC expression. In addition, we manipulated MYC gene expression and tested its effects on BCR signaling in vitro. We found that CD19, SYK, and BLK were highly expressed in DLBCL with MYC gene overexpression. MYC-positive DLBCL had higher levels of pSYK and pBLK, but only pSYK level correlated with patient survival. The in vitro studies demonstrated that overexpression of the MYC gene augmented BCR signaling, whereas MYC gene knockdown attenuated BCR signaling. Thus, MYC protein-positive DLBCL features highly activated BCR signaling and may represent a potential candidate for BCR inhibitor therapy.

  20. Clinical Implications of Phosphorylated STAT3 Expression in De Novo Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ok, C.Y.; Chen, J.; Xu-Monette, Z.Y.; Tzankov, A.; Manyam, G.C.; Li, L.; Visco, C.; Montes-Moreno, S.; Dybkaer, K.; Chiu, A.; Orazi, A.; Zu, Y.; Bhagat, G.; Richards, K.L.; Hsi, E.D.; Choi, W.W.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Huh, J.; Zhao, X.; Ponzoni, M.; Ferreri, A.J.; Bertoni, F.; Farnen, J.P.; Moller, M.B.; Piris, M.A.; Winter, J.N.; Medeiros, L.J.; Young, K.H.

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: Activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) regulates tumor growth, invasion, cell proliferation, angiogenesis, immune response, and survival. Data regarding expression of phosphorylated (activated) STAT3 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and the impact of

  1. Undertreatment of patients with localized extranodal compared with nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuper-Hommel, M.J.; Schans, S.A. van de; Vreugdenhil, G.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Coebergh, J.W.W.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Population-based studies analyzing clinical implications of nodal versus extranodal (EN) presentation of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are scarce. We studied clinical differences and trends in incidence, treatment and survival of nodal and EN DLBCL in a population-based cohort. All

  2. Clinical and pathological features of testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma : a heterogeneous disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuper-Hommel, Marion J. J.; Janssen-Heijnen, Maryska L. G.; Vreugdenhil, Gerard; Krol, Augustinus D. G.; Kluin-Nelemans, Hanneke C.; Coebergh, Jan-Willem W.; van Krieken, J. Han J. M.

    Most testicular lymphomas are of diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL) type with an outcome inferior to nodal DLBCL. Within an apparently homogeneous group of testicular DLBCLs, small cell components, plasmacytoid differentiation and lymphoepithelial lesions (LELs), features of extranodal marginal zone

  3. Clinical and pathological features of testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a heterogeneous disease.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuper-Hommel, M.J.; Janssen-Heijnen, M.L.; Vreugdenhil, G.; Krol, A.D.; Kluin-Nelemans, H.C.; Coebergh, J.W.W.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van

    2012-01-01

    Most testicular lymphomas are of diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL) type with an outcome inferior to nodal DLBCL. Within an apparently homogeneous group of testicular DLBCLs, small cell components, plasmacytoid differentiation and lymphoepithelial lesions (LELs), features of extranodal marginal zone

  4. Prognostic value of tumor necrosis at CT in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adams, Hugo J A; De Klerk, John M H; Fijnheer, Rob; Dubois, Stefan V.; Nievelstein, Rutger A J; Kwee, Thomas C.

    2015-01-01

    Objective To determine the prognostic value of tumor necrosis at computed tomography (CT) in newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Materials and methods This retrospective study included 51 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL who had undergone both unenhanced and intravenous

  5. Deregulation of COMMD1 Is Associated with Poor Prognosis in Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taskinen, M.; Louhimo, R.; Koivula, S.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Despite improved survival for the patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the prognosis after relapse is poor. The aim was to identify molecular events that contribute to relapse and treatment resistance in DLBCL. Methods: We analysed 51 prospectively collected pretreatme...

  6. BiovaxID, a personalized therapeutic vaccine against B-cell lymphomas

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Reiniš, Milan

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 5 (2008), s. 526-534 ISSN 1464-8431 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520514 Keywords : B-cell lymphomas * tumor antigen * therapeutic vaccine Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 2.913, year: 2008

  7. Follicular B Cell Lymphoma with Accompanying Ischemic Gastritis Completely Resolved by Rituximab.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tariq, Anam; Mehta, Neal; Peroutka, Kathryn

    2017-06-02

    BACKGROUND Follicular B cell lymphomas account for a significant portion of all newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. While involvement can be varied, the most common extranodal presentation is within the gastrointestinal tract beyond the stomach. In addition, the stomach has a diffuse multivessel vascular supply, which decreases the likelihood of developing ischemic gastritis. CASE REPORT An 89-year-old woman with history of diabetes, deep venous thromboembolism, and hypertension was referred due to a newly diagnosed retroperitoneal mass. Biopsy of a left para-aortic node was consistent with low-grade follicular B cell lymphoma. Following mainstream treatment guidelines, rituximab was administered. Approximately 12 hours later, the patient presented to the Emergency Department with intractable vomiting and nausea. After admission, an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed extensive ischemic gastritis. Due to recurrent ascites requiring frequent paracenteses, and the clinical aggressiveness of the patient's underlying lymphoma, a second dose of rituximab was administered with concurrent initiation of total parenteral nutrition. Approximately 1 week later, the patient underwent a repeat EGD for quality of life planning while in hospice. The repeat EGD revealed resolved ischemic gastritis. Her diet was advanced and she was subsequently discharged home. CONCLUSIONS Rituximab alone shows promise in treating extensive follicular B cell lymphoma complicated by ischemic gastritis, which has not been previously reported in the literature.

  8. PD-1-PD-L1 immune-checkpoint blockade in B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Aaron; Patel, Sandip P; Kurzrock, Razelle

    2017-04-01

    Cancer cells can escape T-cell-mediated cellular cytotoxicity by exploiting the inhibitory programmed cell-death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) immune checkpoint. Indeed, therapeutic antibodies that block the PD-1-PD-L1 axis induce durable clinical responses against a growing list of solid tumours. B-cell lymphomas also leverage this checkpoint to escape immune recognition, although the outcomes of PD-1-PD-L1 blockade, and the correlations between PD-L1 expression and treatment responses, are less-well elucidated in these diseases than in solid cancers. Nevertheless, in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma, amplification of the gene encoding PD-L1 is commonly associated with increased expression of this protein on Reed-Sternberg cells. Correspondingly, PD-1 blockade with nivolumab has been demonstrated to result in response rates as high as 87% in unselected patients with relapsed and/or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma, leading to the FDA approval of nivolumab for this indication in May 2016. The PD-1/PD-L1 axis is probably also important for immune evasion of B-cell lymphomas with a viral aetiology, including those associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). This Review is focused on the role of PD-1-PD-L1 blockade in unleashing host antitumour immune responses against various B-cell lymphomas, and summarizes the clinical studies of this approach performed to date.

  9. Sparganosis in a patient with diffuse large B cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sang-Young Roh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sparganosis is the human infection by plerocercoid, the larvae of sparganum. Clinically, subjective symptoms do not occur in the incipient stage, but as the worm migrates, pruritus or tenderness may occur. On physical examination, soft, palpable, and sometimes migratory, subcutaneous nodules are found in sparganosis patients. As rare cases; sparganosis from the orbit, the abdominal viscera, and the breast have been reported. However, there have been no reports relating such disease to the patients′ immunocompromised status.We experienced a case of sparganosis from a patient with lymphoma whose immune system was suppressed by anticancer therapy, suggesting that the immunosuppression might affect the onset and the exacerbation of the disease. We report our case with a review of the literature.

  10. Cutaneous B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia resembling a granulomatous rosacea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    di Meo, Nicola; Stinco, Giuseppe; Trevisan, Giusto

    2013-10-16

    B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is a low-grade lymphoproliferative disease. Cutaneous involvement of B-CLL is limited and, in most cases, it represents non-specific manifestations related to an impaired immune system. Leukemic skin infiltrates (leukemia cutis) occur in 4-20% of patients. Herein we report the case of a 65-year-old woman with B-CLL presenting with papular, nodular, and plaque skin infiltrates affecting the nose, mimicking granulomatous rosacea. We discuss several aspects of rare cutaneous manifestations of B-CLL involving the face.

  11. Using biologic predictive factors to direct therapy of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Cliona; Wilson, Wyndham H.

    2013-01-01

    While diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was once considered to be a single disease entity, recent biological insights have demonstrated that it can be divided up into at least three molecular subtypes. Gene expression profiling has revealed that DLBCL consists of a germinal center B-cell like subtype (GCB), an activated B-cell like subtype (ABC) and a primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma subtype (PMBL). These three entities arise from different stages of B-cell differentiation and are characterized by distinct mechanisms of oncogenic activation. In GCB DLBCL, the BCL6 transcription factor may play an important role in tumor survival and treatment resistance and strategies that target this are under investigation. ABC DLBCL is characterized by high expression of target genes of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)/Rel family of transcription factors and strategies that target NF-κB are in clinical trials. PMBL is a distinct clinicopathologic entity that shares many molecular features with nodular sclerosis Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and may benefit from dose intensity approaches and inhibition of the Janus kinases. Other biologic predictive factors such as MYC and BCL2 may be overexpressed in both the GCB and ABC subtypes and strategies that target these complexes are also being tested. PMID:23610613

  12. PAX8 Distinguishes Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Mimicking Sarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle S. Hirsch

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available PAX8 is important for embryogenesis of the thyroid, Müllerian system, and upper urinary/renal tract, and expression of PAX8 has been described in carcinomas from each of these sites. The sensitivity and specificity of the polyclonal PAX8 antibody in a large cohort of epithelial tumors as well as lymphomas have been previously determined, the latter because polyclonal PAX8 is known to be immunoreactive in nonneoplastic B-cell lymphocytes which are often used as the positive internal control for immunohistochemistry. In this case report, PAX8 was a diagnostic clue for revising a previous diagnosis of unclassified high grade sarcoma to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. This case report demonstrates a pitfall for PAX8 immunoreactivity and acts as a reminder that lymphoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of a PAX8 positive, epithelial cell marker negative tumor of unknown primary origin.

  13. Leucoderma associated with flares of erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphomas: four cases. The French Study Group of Cutaneous Lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouloc, A; Grange, F; Delfau-Larue, M H; Dieng, M T; Tortel, M C; Avril, M F; Revuz, J; Bagot, M; Wechsler, J

    2000-10-01

    We describe four patients with erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (two with erythrodermic mycosis fungoides, and two with Sézary syndrome) who presented with extensive hypopigmented lesions that occurred during flares of their cutaneous disease. These cases must be distinguished from previously described hypopigmented mycosis fungoides where hypopigmented lesions were the sole manifestation of the lymphoma. In two cases a biopsy was performed on hypopigmented skin, showing an infiltrate of atypical lymphocytes with epidermotropism and absence of melanocytes, as in vitiligo. It is suggested that the hypopigmentation could be due to the cytotoxicity of tumour or reactional lymphocytes directed against melanocytes.

  14. Primary cutaneous lymphomas: A clinical and histological study of 99 cases in Isfahan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farahnaz Fatemi Naeini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCLs represent a heterogeneous group of T- and B-cell lymphomas that present in the skin with no evidence of extracutaneous disease at the time of diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess and report the epidemiological characteristics of PCLs in Isfahan, Isfahan Province, Iran - as a main province of Iran. Materials and Methods: A total of 99 patients were recruited over a recent 10-year period (2003-2013 with diagnosis of PCLs; the patients were classified according to the The World Health Organization/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (WHO-EORTC criteria. Mean and standard deviations (SDs were used to describe continuous data, numbers, and percentages for categorical data. Statistical significance was defined as P < 0.05. Results: The patients comprised 45 men and 54 women aged 5-80 years (median 36 at diagnosis. The male-to-female ratio was 1:1.2. Histological examination showed features of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (PCBCLs in four cases. The mean ± SD age in primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (PCTCLs and PCBCLs was 37.9 ± 16.5 years and 39.7 ± 9.1 years, respectively (P = 0.72. The mean ± SD latent period between the time of diagnosis and initiation of skin lesions in men and women was 2.3 ± 4.1 years and 5.9 ± 10.1 years, respectively (P = 0.02. The most frequent subtypes were mycosis fungoides (MFs (86.9% followed by Sιzary syndrome (SS (4%. Five patients died from PCL-related deaths. Conclusion: The distinguishing epidemiologic characteristics of PCL in Iran are the absence of a male predominance and a lower age of diagnosis. The study highlights the ethnic or regional variations in the clinicoepidemiological characteristics of PCLs.

  15. Identification of uniquely expressed transcription factors in highly purified B-cell lymphoma samples

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andréasson, Ulrika; Edén, Patrik; Peterson, Carsten

    2010-01-01

    Transcription factors (TFs) are critical for B-cell differentiation, affecting gene expression both by repression and transcriptional activation. Still, this information is not used for classification of B-cell lymphomas (BCLs). Traditionally, BCLs are diagnosed based on a phenotypic resemblance...... to normal B-cells; assessed by immunohistochemistry or flow cytometry, by using a handful of phenotypic markers. In the last decade, diagnostic and prognostic evaluation has been facilitated by global gene expression profiling (GEP), providing a new powerful means for the classification, prediction...... of survival, and response to treatment of lymphomas. However, most GEP studies have typically been performed on whole tissue samples, containing varying degrees of tumor cell content, which results in uncertainties in data analysis. In this study, global GEP analyses were performed on highly purified, flow...

  16. Composite lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma components: A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Gaurav; Nguyen, Austin Huy; Kendric, Kayla; Caponetti, Gabriel C

    2016-12-01

    Composite lymphoma (CL) is an infrequently diagnosed entity in which two or more distinct types of lymphomas occur synchronously in the same organ or anatomical site. Most commonly, CLs are composed of two non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas. We present a case of a composite lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL-NOS) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) components involving the terminal ileum, colon and pericolic lymph nodes. Immunohistochemical evaluation for determination of cell of origin of the DLBCL-NOS component indicated a germinal center B-cell subtype. Immunoglobulin heavy chain fragment length analysis revealed identical dominant monoclonal peaks on the DH1-6-JH reaction, and also a dominant monoclonal peak observed only in the framework II reaction done on the CHL component, indicating a partial clonal relationship between the two components. Additionally, a review of the available literature reveals a total of 20 previously reported cases of CL with DLBCL-NOS and CHL components, and most of the tested cases showed clonal relationship between the two components. The overall findings indicate that in most cases, the two components of CL with DLBCL-NOS and CHL components are clonally related, and suggest a shared origin from a common B-cell precursor. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  17. Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma of the Foot in a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Litwic

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA have an increased risk of developing malignant lymphomas, especially non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL. However, primary lymphoma in a joint is rare. Here we report a case of a 68-year-old man with a background of RA who presented with a 1-year history of pain and swelling in his right ankle. Initial imaging results comprised of X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging were inconclusive. Ultrasound scan of the right foot revealed a very large vascular mass with grossly eroded tarsal bones, and a biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Involvement of lymphoma of ankle/foot joints is very rare: to our knowledge this is the first case of a primary diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the joints of the mid and hind foot with underlying bone destruction in a patient with a background of RA. This case is important because it highlights that malignancy should be suspected in every patient with a background of RA and unusual characteristics before assuming a diagnosis of flare of RA. This is important because early diagnosis of NHL can contribute to improved outcome.

  18. A case of API2-MALT1-positive gastric MALT lymphoma with concomitant diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Akashi; Tajika, Masahiro; Tanaka, Tsutomu; Ishihara, Makoto; Hirayama, Yutaka; Mizuno, Nobumasa; Hara, Kazuo; Hijioka, Susumu; Imaoka, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Tsukasa; Okuno, Nozomi; Hieda, Nobuhiro; Hirayama, Takashi; Shibuya, Hitoshi; Kondo, Hisashi; Suzuki, Hirotaka; Toriyama, Kazuhiro; Yatabe, Yasushi; Yamao, Kenji; Niwa, Yasumasa

    2017-02-01

    API2-MALT1 translocation-positive gastric marginal zone lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is thought to transform to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) rarely. A 69-year-old man presented with epigastralgia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed multiple ulcerations in the stomach. Endoscopic biopsies revealed MALT lymphoma, with Helicobacter pylori infection. The patient underwent eradication therapy with no improvement, and was thereafter followed without additional therapy at his request. Twelve years after initial diagnosis, follow-up computed tomography (CT) showed multiple nodules in bilateral lungs, and a needle biopsy revealed MALT lymphoma, the same as in the stomach and API2-MALT1 translocation was found. Because he again refused additional therapy, follow-up was continued. 15 years after initial diagnosis, CT showed lymphadenopathy at the splenic hilum. At first we suspected disease progression of gastric MALT lymphoma, however a needle biopsy revealed DLBCL without API2-MALT1. Thus, the tumor at the splenic hilum was finally diagnosed as a de novo DLBCL as a second malignancy. Although treatment with rituximab given his age and his wishes was attempted, he died of DLBCL 15 years after the initial diagnosis. We experienced an API2-MALT1-positive gastric MALT lymphoma with concomitant DLBCL, not transformed to DLBCL over a 15-year clinical course.

  19. The relationship between HLA class II polymorphisms and somatic deletions in testicular B cell lymphomas of Dutch patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Riemersma, SA; Jordanova, ES; Haasnoot, GW; Drabbels, J; Schuuring, E; Schreuder, GMT; Kluin, PM

    2006-01-01

    Several risk factors including immune deficiencies, infections, and autoimmune diseases have been established for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). For diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common type of lymphoma, no risk factors have been described, which may be due to the intrinsic

  20. Adult high-grade B-cell lymphoma with Burkitt lymphoma signature: genomic features and potential therapeutic targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouska, Alyssa; Bi, Chengfeng; Lone, Waseem; Zhang, Weiwei; Kedwaii, Ambreen; Heavican, Tayla; Lachel, Cynthia M; Yu, Jiayu; Ferro, Roberto; Eldorghamy, Nanees; Greiner, Timothy C; Vose, Julie; Weisenburger, Dennis D; Gascoyne, Randy D; Rosenwald, Andreas; Ott, German; Campo, Elias; Rimsza, Lisa M; Jaffe, Elaine S; Braziel, Rita M; Siebert, Reiner; Miles, Rodney R; Dave, Sandeep; Reddy, Anupama; Delabie, Jan; Staudt, Louis M; Song, Joo Y; McKeithan, Timothy W; Fu, Kai; Green, Michael; Chan, Wing C; Iqbal, Javeed

    2017-10-19

    The adult high-grade B-cell lymphomas sharing molecular features with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) are highly aggressive lymphomas with poor clinical outcome. High-resolution structural and functional genomic analysis of adult Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma with BL gene signature (adult-molecularly defined BL [mBL]) revealed the MYC-ARF-p53 axis as the primary deregulated pathway. Adult-mBL had either unique or more frequent genomic aberrations (del13q14, del17p, gain8q24, and gain18q21) compared with pediatric-mBL, but shared commonly mutated genes. Mutations in genes promoting the tonic B-cell receptor (BCR)→PI3K pathway (TCF3 and ID3) did not differ by age, whereas effectors of chronic BCR→NF-κB signaling were associated with adult-mBL. A subset of adult-mBL had BCL2 translocation and mutation and elevated BCL2 mRNA and protein expression, but had a mutation profile similar to mBL. These double-hit lymphomas may have arisen from a tumor precursor that acquired both BCL2 and MYC translocations and/or KMT2D (MLL2) mutation. Gain/amplification of MIR17HG and its paralogue loci was observed in 50% of adult-mBL. In vitro studies suggested miR-17∼92's role in constitutive activation of BCR signaling and sensitivity to ibrutinib. Overall integrative analysis identified an interrelated gene network affected by copy number and mutation, leading to disruption of the p53 pathway and the BCR→PI3K or NF-κB activation, which can be further exploited in vivo by small-molecule inhibitors for effective therapy in adult-mBL.

  1. Proteomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Ion

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL is the most frequently encountered type of skin lymphoma in humans. CTCL encompasses multiple variants, but the most common types are mycosis fungoides (MF and Sezary syndrome (SS. While most cases of MF run a mild course over a period of many years, other subtypes of CTCL are very aggressive. The rapidly expanding fields of proteomics and genomics have not only helped increase knowledge concerning the carcinogenesis and tumor biology of CTCL but also led to the discovery of novel markers for targeted therapy. Although multiple biomarkers linked to CTCL have been known for a relatively long time (e.g., CD25, CD45, CD45RA, and CD45R0, compared to other cancers (lymphoma, melanoma, colon carcinoma, head and neck cancer, renal cancer, and cutaneous B-cell lymphoma, information about the antigenicity of CTCL remains relatively limited and no dependable protein marker for CTCL has been discovered. Considering the aggressive nature of some types of CTCL, it is necessary to identify circulating molecules that can help in the early diagnosis, differentiation from inflammatory skin diseases (psoriasis, nummular eczema, and aid in predicting the prognosis and evolution of this pathology. This review aims to bring together some of the information concerning protein markers linked to CTCL, in an effort to further the understanding of the convolute processes involved in this complex pathology.

  2. A clinicopathological analysis of primary cutaneous lymphomas: A 6-year observational study at a tertiary care center of south India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anza Khader

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Little data are available concerning clinical and pathological patterns of cutaneous lymphomas in India. Aim: To analyze the clinical and histopathological characteristics of cutaneous lymphomas in Indian patients Materials and Methods: This is a single-center, prospective, observational study carried out from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015. The patients underwent clinical examination, human T-cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1 screening, skin biopsy with hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry staining. Results: Among 35 cases, 33 (94.3% were T-cell, and 2 (5.7% were B-cell lymphomas. The mean age was 52.66, and the male to female ratio was 2.5:1. The most common types of T-cell lymphomas included mycosis fungoides (MF (57.1% followed by adult T-cell lymphoma/leukemia (ATL (17.1%. Primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified was diagnosed in 17.1% and anaplastic large cell lymphoma in 2.9%. The morphological types of MF included polymorphic, poikilodermatous, folliculotropic, hypopigmented, hyperpigmented, mixed, and purpuric. Skin manifestations of ATL included ulcerated plaques and erythroderma. Epidermotropism was very marked in ATL (83.3% than in MF (70%. Larger Pautrier′s microabscess was noted in ATL compared to smaller ones in MF. Markedly dense, diffuse infiltrate of atypical cells was noted in ATL in contrast to mild to moderate nodular or perivascular infiltrate in MF. ATL had an extremely poor prognosis. Limitations: Identification of DNA integration of HTLV-1 by Southern blot could not be analyzed, and the number of cases studied is limited. Conclusions: The study showed unique patterns of subtypes of cutaneous lymphomas in our country. Variations in the clinical pattern and histopathological analysis will help to differentiate T-cell lymphoma types which have prognostic implications.

  3. A gene panel, including LRP12, is frequently hypermethylated in major types of B-cell lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Bethge

    Full Text Available Epigenetic modifications and DNA methylation in particular, have been recognized as important mechanisms to alter gene expression in malignant cells. Here, we identified candidate genes which were upregulated after an epigenetic treatment of B-cell lymphoma cell lines (Burkitt's lymphoma, BL; Follicular lymphoma, FL; Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, DLBCL activated B-cell like, ABC; and germinal center like, GCB and simultaneously expressed at low levels in samples from lymphoma patients. Qualitative methylation analysis of 24 candidate genes in cell lines revealed five methylated genes (BMP7, BMPER, CDH1, DUSP4 and LRP12, which were further subjected to quantitative methylation analysis in clinical samples from 59 lymphoma patients (BL, FL, DLBCL ABC and GCB; and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, PMBL. The genes LRP12 and CDH1 showed the highest methylation frequencies (94% and 92%, respectively. BMPER (58%, DUSP4 (32% and BMP7 (22%, were also frequently methylated in patient samples. Importantly, all gene promoters were unmethylated in various control samples (CD19+ peripheral blood B cells, peripheral blood mononuclear cells and tonsils as well as in follicular hyperplasia samples, underscoring a high specificity. The combination of LRP12 and CDH1 methylation could successfully discriminate between the vast majority of the lymphoma and control samples, emphasized by receiver operating characteristic analysis with a c-statistic of 0.999. These two genes represent promising epigenetic markers which may be suitable for monitoring of B-cell lymphoma.

  4. EBV-positive B cell cerebral lymphoma 12 years after sex-mismatched kidney transplantation: post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder or donor-derived lymphoma?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Phelan, Paul J

    2010-06-01

    We present a follow-up case report of possible transmission of lymphoma 12 years after deceased-donor renal transplantation from a male donor who was found at autopsy to have had an occult lymphoma. The female recipient underwent prompt transplant nephrectomy. However, 12 years later, she presented with cerebral B cell lymphoma. A donor origin for the cerebral lymphoma was supported by in situ hybridization demonstration of a Y chromosome in the lymphoma. There was a dramatic resolution of the cerebral lesions with tapering of immunosuppression and introduction of rituximab treatment. The finding of a Y chromosome in the cerebral lymphoma does not exclude a host contribution to lymphoma development.

  5. Idiotype variant cell populations in patients with B cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, W L; Lowder, J N; Streifer, R; Warnke, R; Levy, S; Levy, R

    1986-11-01

    Using isolated idiotype (Id) protein we generated panels of antibodies in two patients with follicular lymphoma, one of whom had never received prior chemo-or radiotherapy. Flow cytometry and frozen section tissue staining of tumor with these monoclonal antibodies (mAb) revealed multiple subpopulations within each tumor. Individual mAb stained between 7% and 83% of surface Ig+ cells in the tumor samples. These subpopulations were overlapping and no single antibody recognized all the tumor cells. However, combinations of antibodies seemed to capture total tumor in both cases. In some instances, the percentage of tumor stained by a single mAb varied over time, and differed between lymph nodes sampled at the same time. Because a single species of Id protein was used to generate mAb in each case, it appears that the antibodies were directed against idiotopes variably shared by different populations within each tumor, and this was confirmed by crossblocking studies. Tumor cells from one patient were fused to a nonsecreting heteromyeloma line K6H6/B5, and most of the resulting hybrids secreted Id protein. Four mAb were used to screen the Id proteins secreted by these hybrids, and 11 different variants (16 maximal) were found. Southern blot analysis of rearranged Ig genes was done in two hybrids and biopsy material. Identically rearranged light-chain genes were seen but it appeared as though extensive somatic variation had occurred in heavy chain genes. These studies indicate that: striking Id variation can exist at diagnosis in untreated patients, the percentage of tumor represented by an individual variant may change with time and may differ between tumor sampled from different anatomical locations, and somatic variation appears to be responsible for the observed heterogeneity. Although this degree of variation makes anti-Id antibody therapy more difficult, appropriate combinations of mAb should be more efficacious than single antibodies in such cases.

  6. Generation and selection of immunized Fab phage display library against human B cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yongmei; Yang, Xiaochun; Dong, Ningzheng; Xie, Xiaofang; Bai, Xia; Shi, Yizhen

    2007-07-01

    The approval of using monoclonal antibodies as a targeted therapy in the management of patients with B cell lymphoma has led to new treatment options for this group of patients. Production of monoclonal antibodies by the traditional hybridoma technology is costly, and the resulting murine antibodies often have the disadvantage of triggering human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) response. Therefore recombinant Fab antibodies generated by the phage display technology can be a suitable alternative in managing B cell lymphoma. In this study, we extracted total RNA from spleen cells of BALB/c mice immunized with human B lymphoma cells, and used RT-PCR to amplify cDNAs coding for the kappa light chains and Fd fragments of heavy chains. After appropriate restriction digests, these cDNA fragments were successively inserted into the phagemid vector pComb3H-SS to construct an immunized Fab phage display library. The diversity of the constructed library was approximately 1.94x10(7). Following five rounds of biopanning, soluble Fab antibodies were produced from positive clones identified by ELISA. From eight positive clones, FabC06, FabC21, FabC43 and FabC59 were selected for sequence analysis. At the level of amino acid sequences, the variable heavy domains (V(H)) and variable light domains (V(L)) were found to share 88-92% and 89-94% homology with sequences coded by the corresponding murine germline genes respectively. Furthermore, reactivity with membrane proteins of the B cell lymphoma was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. These immunized Fab antibodies may provide a valuable tool for further study of B cell lymphoma and could also contribute to the improvement of disease therapy.

  7. Lymphomas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lohri, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Although malignant lymphoma is split in over 60 distinct entities, four of them, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular-, Hodgkin's- and mantle cell lymphoma constitute more than half of all new cases...

  8. Diffuse Large B-cell lymphoma: Prognostic markers and their impact on therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamil, Muhammad O; Mehta, Amitkumar

    2016-05-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). DLBCL is clinically, pathologically and molecularly heterogeneous disease. Various clinical, pathological and molecular markers have been developed to characterize the disease. Based on these characterizations, new targeted agents are being investigated to optimize the treatment and improve the outcomes of DLBCL. Enhanced molecular understanding, invention of targeted agents and immunotherapy has opened the doors for improvement in the treatment of DLBCL. In this review, we will discuss various prognostic markers of DLBCL and their potential therapeutic implications.

  9. Primary Extranodal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Prostate: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel E. Ezekwudo

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the prostate in a 54-year-old Caucasian male who presented with urinary retention and benign prostatic hyperplasia. We discuss the rare presentation of this disease and its clinicopathologic features and review the literature for up-to-date information on the diagnosis and clinical management. Despite the low incidence of lymphoma involving the prostate gland, it should always be considered as part of the differential diagnosis in cases of prostate gland enlargement with urinary tract obstructive symptoms resistant to medical therapy. Treatment modalities for this rare disease are also discussed.

  10. Population pharmacokinetics of Reditux™, a biosimilar Rituximab, in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gota, Vikram; Karanam, Ashwin; Rath, Sanhita; Yadav, Akanksha; Tembhare, Prashant; Subramanian, P; Sengar, Manju; Nair, Reena; Menon, Hari

    2016-08-01

    Rituximab (MabThera™, Roche) is a chimeric IgG1 monoclonal antibody targeting the CD20 surface antigen on normal and neoplastic B cells. It revolutionized the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with superior progression-free and overall survival. However, its prohibitively high cost makes it inaccessible to majority of patients in developing countries. Reditux™ (Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, India), a biosimilar, was introduced in India in 2007 at nearly half the price of the innovator. However, there is a dearth of data regarding the pharmacokinetics and efficacy of Reditux™. Twenty-one patients of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma on R-CHOP regimen were enrolled for the study. Reditux™ was administered as a slow intravenous infusion at a dose of 375 mg/m(2) on day 1 of a 21-day cycle. Pharmacokinetic sampling was performed at pre-dose, post-infusion, 24, 48 h, 7 and 21 days. Rituximab levels were estimated by ELISA. Population pharmacokinetics was performed using NONMEM. In addition, B-cell count was determined at baseline and days 3 and 21 of the first cycle. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier plots. The volume of distribution of central compartment and clearance of Reditux™ were estimated at 0.95 L and 5.98 mL/h, respectively. No covariate effects were seen. B-cell count was completely depleted by day 3 and remained so on day 21. Overall survival was 84.6 % at a median follow-up of 36 months. The pharmacokinetic profile and B-cell response to Reditux™ are comparable with those reported for MabThera™. Thus, MabThera™ can be substituted with Reditux™ for the treatment of B-cell lymphomas.

  11. Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Previously Treated Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma or Hodgkin's Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-14

    Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  12. Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma Presenting as Interstitial Lung Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Vali Khojeini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBL is a rare subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma that resides in the lumen of blood vessels. Patients typically present with nonspecific findings, particularly bizarre neurologic symptoms, fever, and skin lesions. A woman presented with shortness of breath and a chest CT scan showed diffuse interstitial thickening and ground glass opacities suggestive of an interstitial lung disease. On physical exam she was noted to have splenomegaly. The patient died and at autopsy was found to have an IVLBL in her lungs as well as nearly all her organs that were sampled. Although rare, IVLBL should be included in the differential diagnosis of interstitial lung disease and this case underscores the importance of the continuation of autopsies.

  13. Tumor-associated B cells in cutaneous primary melanoma and improved clinical outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garg, Kanika; Maurer, Margarita; Griss, Johannes; Brüggen, Marie-Charlotte; Wolf, Ingrid H; Wagner, Christine; Willi, Niels; Mertz, Kirsten D; Wagner, Stephan N

    2016-08-01

    B cells often infiltrate the microenvironment of human tumors. B cells can both positively and negatively regulate antitumor immune responses. In several human cancers, higher numbers of CD20(+) TAB are associated with a favorable prognosis, whereas in human primary melanomas, this association is contentious. In this study, we determined the association of TAB numbers in cutaneous primary melanoma tissue samples and patients' overall survival. The CD20 immunohistochemistry on archival nonmetastasized and metastasized cutaneous primary melanoma tissues from 2 independent patient cohorts was performed. One cohort was used in class comparison for metastasis, the most important prognostic factor for overall survival, and the other cohort for a subsequent survival analysis. Survival association was further validated with RNA data from a third independent cohort. Whole tissue sections were read automatically via quantitative digital imaging and analysis. Survival data were analyzed by Cox proportional hazard modeling. We discovered that cutaneous primary melanomas without metastasis contain significantly more TAB than primary melanomas that had metastasized. At time of first diagnosis, a higher number of TAB is associated with a significantly better overall survival in patients with cutaneous primary melanomas of >1 mm Breslow depth. Also, higher CD20/CD19 tumor mRNA levels are correlated with a significantly better overall survival. Thus, our data support TAB numbers as a prognostic biomarker in cutaneous primary melanoma patients with a tumor of >1 mm Breslow depth. For a survey in larger studies, whole tissue section analysis seems to be key to accurate assessment of TAB numbers. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. CD19/CD22 Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cells and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory CD19 Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma or B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-25

    B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; CD19 Positive; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Associated With Chronic Inflammation; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; Epstein-Barr Virus Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Elderly; Minimal Residual Disease; Philadelphia Chromosome Positive; Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma; T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich Large B-Cell Lymphoma

  15. Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma Cell Line U-2946: Model for MCL1 Inhibitor Testing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilmar Quentmeier

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL is the most common form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma worldwide. We describe the establishment and molecular characteristics of the DLBCL cell line U-2946. This cell line was derived from a 52-year-old male with DLBCL. U-2946 cells carried the chromosomal translocation t(8;14 and strongly expressed MYC, but not the mature B-cell lymphoma associated oncogenes BCL2 and BCL6. Instead, U-2946 cells expressed the antiapoptotic BCL2 family member MCL1 which was highly amplified genomically (14n. MCL1 amplification is recurrent in DLBCL, especially in the activated B cell (ABC variant. Results of microarray expression cluster analysis placed U-2946 together with ABC-, but apart from germinal center (GC-type DLBCL cell lines. The 1q21.3 region including MCL1 was focally coamplified with a short region of 17p11.2 (also present at 14n. The MCL1 inhibitor A-1210477 triggered apoptosis in U-2946 (MCL1pos/BCL2neg cells. In contrast to BCL2pos DLBCL cell lines, U-2946 did not respond to the BCL2 inhibitor ABT-263. In conclusion, the novel characteristics of cell line U-2946 renders it a unique model system to test the function of small molecule inhibitors, especially when constructing a panel of DLBCL cell lines expressing broad combinations of antiapoptotic BCL2-family members.

  16. Whole blood EBV-DNA predicts outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tisi, Maria Chiara; Cupelli, Elisa; Santangelo, Rosaria; Maiolo, Elena; Alma, Eleonora; Giachelia, Manuela; Martini, Maurizio; Bellesi, Silvia; D'Alò, Francesco; Voso, Maria Teresa; Pompili, Maurizio; Leone, Giuseppe; Larocca, Luigi Maria; Hohaus, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    An association between Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) infection and lymphoproliferative diseases has been reported with EBV + diffuse large B cell-lymphoma (DLBCL) of the elderly described as a distinct entity. In a cohort of 218 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, we detected EBV-DNA in 25% of whole blood (WB) samples at diagnosis. Presence and viral load in WB, mononuclear cells or plasma did not predict the presence of EBV in the tumor biopsy. Positive Hepatitis C virus (HCV) serology was associated with a higher frequency of EBV in WB. Patients with EBV-DNA in WB had a significantly shorter progression-free (p = 0.02) and overall survival (p = 0.05) after immunochemotherapy with R-CHOP (Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Prednisolone). We conclude that detection of EBV in WB is not a surrogate marker for EBV-association in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, however it associates with worse outcome.

  17. Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma in the Era of Precision Oncology: How Imaging Is Helpful

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Hina J.; Jagannathan, Jyothi P.; Tirumani, Sree Harsha; Lele, Vikram R.; DiPiro, Pamela J.

    2017-01-01

    Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common histological subtype of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. As treatments continues to evolve, so do imaging strategies, and positron emission tomography (PET) has emerged as the most important imaging tool to guide oncologists in the diagnosis, staging, response assessment, relapse/recurrence detection,and therapeutic decision making of DLBCL. Other imaging modalities including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, and conventional radiography are also used in the evaluation of lymphoma. MRI is useful for nervous system and musculoskeletal system involvement and is emerging as a radiation free alternative to PET/CT. This article provides a comprehensive review of both the functional and morphological imaging modalities, available in the management of DLBCL. PMID:28096718

  18. Primary Bone Marrow Large B-cell Lymphoma Presenting with Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sin-Syue Li

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Primary bone marrow lymphoma is an extremely rare disease. Its unusual clinical manifestations, such as hemophagocytic syndrome, frequently delay correct disease diagnosis, thus postponing treatment. Here, we reported a 76-year-old woman presenting with intermittent night fever and jaundice for 2 weeks, accompanied with hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia. Despite antibiotics treatment, the patient's fever persisted. Computed tomography showed hepatosplenomegaly without lymphadenopathy, and bone marrow aspiration and biopsy revealed a large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH. After chemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisolone, both jaundice and pancytopenia recovered to normal. After 6 cycles of chemotherapy, the patient remained in complete remission for 18 months after diagnosis. Our experience indicates that clinicians should consider performing a timely bone marrow examination on patients with unknown fever and pancytopenia, particularly given that delayed diagnosis of primary bone marrow lymphoma can make treatment of this rare disease substantially more challenging.

  19. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the era of precision oncology: How imaging is helpful

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shah, Hina J.; Keraliya, Abhishek R.; Lele, Vikram R.; Tirumani, Sree Harsha; DiPiro, Pamela J.; Jagannathan, Jyothi P. [Dept. of Imaging, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston (United States)

    2017-01-15

    Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common histological subtype of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. As treatments continues to evolve, so do imaging strategies, and positron emission tomography (PET) has emerged as the most important imaging tool to guide oncologists in the diagnosis, staging, response assessment, relapse/recurrence detection,and therapeutic decision making of DLBCL. Other imaging modalities including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, and conventional radiography are also used in the evaluation of lymphoma. MRI is useful for nervous system and musculoskeletal system involvement and is emerging as a radiation free alternative to PET/CT. This article provides a comprehensive review of both the functional and morphological imaging modalities, available in the management of DLBCL.

  20. Clinical heterogeneity of diffuse large B cell lymphoma following failure of front-line immunochemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farooq, Umar; Maurer, Matthew J; Thompson, Carrie A; Thanarajasingam, Gita; Inwards, David J; Micallef, Ivana; Macon, William; Syrbu, Sergei; Lin, Tasha; Lin, Yi; Ansell, Stephen M; Nowakowski, Grzegorz S; Habermann, Thomas M; Cerhan, James R; Link, Brian K

    2017-10-01

    This study aimed to describe the patterns of care and outcomes of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after failure of front line anthracycline-based immunochemotherapy (IC). Patients with newly diagnosed lymphoma were prospectively enrolled in Molecular Epidemiology Resource (MER) of the University of Iowa/Mayo Clinic Lymphoma Specialized Program of Research Excellzence. All DLBCL and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) patients treated with front-line anthracycline-based IC were followed for relapse. Patients with relapse on follow-up and subsequently retreated were included in this analysis. 1039 patients received anthracycline-based IC between 2002 and 2012, of which 244 relapsed and were subsequently retreated. Across all therapies, overall survival at 4 years (OS4) from relapse was 28% and 103 patients ultimately underwent autologous haematopoietic cell transplant (autoHCT) with OS4 from autoHCT of 51%. Patients relapsing after 12 months from initial diagnosis had OS4 of 47% but those with a transient or no response to initial therapy had OS4 of only 13%. Outcomes of relapsed or refractory DLBCL differ substantially when categorized by response to initial therapy, timing of relapse and opportunity to undergo autoHCT. The design and interpretation of uncontrolled trials should account for this heterogeneity in patients with relapsed DLBCL. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Role of denileukin diftitox in the treatment of persistent or recurrent cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederick Lansigan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Frederick Lansigan1, Diane M Stearns1, Francine Foss21Hematology/Oncology, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA; 2Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USAAbstract: Denileukin diftitox (Ontak® is indicated for the treatment of patients with persistent or recurrent cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL, a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of the skin. Denileukin diftitox was the first fusion protein toxin approved for the treatment of a human disease. This fusion protein toxin combines the IL2 protein with diphtheria toxin, and targets the CD25 subunit of the IL2 receptor, resulting in the unique delivery of a cytocidal agent to CD-25 bearing T-cells. Historically, immunotherapy targeting malignant T-cells including monoclonal antibodies has been largely ineffective as cytocidal agents compared to immunotherapy directed against B-cells such as rituximab. This review will summarize the development of denileukin diftitox, its proposed mechanism of action, the pivotal clinical trials that led to its FDA approval, the improvements in quality of life, and the common toxicities experienced during the treatment of patients with CTCL. CTCL is often a chronic progressive lymphoma requiring the sequential use of treatments such as retinoids, traditional chemotherapy, or biological response modifiers. The incorporation of the immunotoxin denileukin diftitox into the sequential or combinatorial treatment of CTCL will also be addressed.Keywords: denileukin diftitox, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, fusion protein toxin

  2. Organizational structure and the periphery of the gene regulatory network in B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Matos Simoes, Ricardo; Tripathi, Shailesh; Emmert-Streib, Frank

    2012-05-14

    The physical periphery of a biological cell is mainly described by signaling pathways which are triggered by transmembrane proteins and receptors that are sentinels to control the whole gene regulatory network of a cell. However, our current knowledge about the gene regulatory mechanisms that are governed by extracellular signals is severely limited. The purpose of this paper is three fold. First, we infer a gene regulatory network from a large-scale B-cell lymphoma expression data set using the C3NET algorithm. Second, we provide a functional and structural analysis of the largest connected component of this network, revealing that this network component corresponds to the peripheral region of a cell. Third, we analyze the hierarchical organization of network components of the whole inferred B-cell gene regulatory network by introducing a new approach which exploits the variability within the data as well as the inferential characteristics of C3NET. As a result, we find a functional bisection of the network corresponding to different cellular components. Overall, our study allows to highlight the peripheral gene regulatory network of B-cells and shows that it is centered around hub transmembrane proteins located at the physical periphery of the cell. In addition, we identify a variety of novel pathological transmembrane proteins such as ion channel complexes and signaling receptors in B-cell lymphoma.

  3. Genetically Modified Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With HIV-Associated Non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-06

    Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; AIDS-related Peripheral/Systemic Lymphoma; AIDS-related Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; HIV-associated Hodgkin Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I AIDS-related Lymphoma; Stage II AIDS-related Lymphoma; Stage III AIDS-related Lymphoma; Stage IV AIDS-related Lymphoma; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  4. Axicabtagene Ciloleucel CAR T-Cell Therapy in Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neelapu, Sattva S; Locke, Frederick L; Bartlett, Nancy L; Lekakis, Lazaros J; Miklos, David B; Jacobson, Caron A; Braunschweig, Ira; Oluwole, Olalekan O; Siddiqi, Tanya; Lin, Yi; Timmerman, John M; Stiff, Patrick J; Friedberg, Jonathan W; Flinn, Ian W; Goy, Andre; Hill, Brian T; Smith, Mitchell R; Deol, Abhinav; Farooq, Umar; McSweeney, Peter; Munoz, Javier; Avivi, Irit; Castro, Januario E; Westin, Jason R; Chavez, Julio C; Ghobadi, Armin; Komanduri, Krishna V; Levy, Ronald; Jacobsen, Eric D; Witzig, Thomas E; Reagan, Patrick; Bot, Adrian; Rossi, John; Navale, Lynn; Jiang, Yizhou; Aycock, Jeff; Elias, Meg; Chang, David; Wiezorek, Jeff; Go, William Y

    2017-12-28

    In a phase 1 trial, axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel), an autologous anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, showed efficacy in patients with refractory large B-cell lymphoma after the failure of conventional therapy. In this multicenter, phase 2 trial, we enrolled 111 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, or transformed follicular lymphoma who had refractory disease despite undergoing recommended prior therapy. Patients received a target dose of 2×10 6 anti-CD19 CAR T cells per kilogram of body weight after receiving a conditioning regimen of low-dose cyclophosphamide and fludarabine. The primary end point was the rate of objective response (calculated as the combined rates of complete response and partial response). Secondary end points included overall survival, safety, and biomarker assessments. Among the 111 patients who were enrolled, axi-cel was successfully manufactured for 110 (99%) and administered to 101 (91%). The objective response rate was 82%, and the complete response rate was 54%.With a median follow-up of 15.4 months, 42% of the patients continued to have a response, with 40% continuing to have a complete response. The overall rate of survival at 18 months was 52%. The most common adverse events of grade 3 or higher during treatment were neutropenia (in 78% of the patients), anemia (in 43%), and thrombocytopenia (in 38%). Grade 3 or higher cytokine release syndrome and neurologic events occurred in 13% and 28% of the patients, respectively. Three of the patients died during treatment. Higher CAR T-cell levels in blood were associated with response. In this multicenter study, patients with refractory large B-cell lymphoma who received CAR T-cell therapy with axi-cel had high levels of durable response, with a safety profile that included myelosuppression, the cytokine release syndrome, and neurologic events. (Funded by Kite Pharma and the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society Therapy

  5. Open-Label, Multicenter, Phase 1/2 Study of Tazemetostat (EZH2 Histone Methyl Transferase [HMT] Inhibitor) as a Single Agent in Subjects With Adv. Solid Tumors or With B-cell Lymphomas and Tazemetostat in Combination With Prednisolone in Subjects With DLBCL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-28

    B-cell Lymphomas (Phase 1); Advanced Solid Tumors (Phase 1); Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (Phase 2); Follicular Lymphoma (Phase 2); Transformed Follicular Lymphoma; Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma

  6. Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma versus T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Diagnostic Challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton V. Rets

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphomas with overlapping histological features of two distinct entities cause difficulty in classification. Their classification is of particular significance when the two alternatives require different treatment modalities. We present a diagnostically challenging case of a nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL with features of T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma (THRLBCL. Our patient is a 39-year-old woman who presented with painless subclavicular and axillary lymphadenopathy. The biopsied lymph node showed diffuse architectural effacement and scattered large neoplastic cells with large irregular nuclei and prominent nucleoli. These cells were positive for CD20 and Bcl-6 and negative for CD15, CD30, IgD, and Bcl-2. The background cells were predominantly T lymphocytes, whereas B cells were markedly depleted. The lymph node was interpreted as NLPHL, consistent with THRLBCL-like variant. NLPHL, especially THRLBC-like variant, and de novo THRLBCL are characterized by significant morphologic and immunophenotypic overlap. Our case demonstrates a rare predominance of background T-cells in NLPHL and emphasizes the importance of thorough evaluation of multiple morphologic and immunophenotypic features as an essential approach for arriving at the correct diagnosis.

  7. Induction of B-cell lymphoma by UVB Radiation in p53 Haploinsufficient Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ullrich Stephen E

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has increased over recent years. The exact etiology of lymphoma remains unknown. Ultraviolet light exposure has been associated with the development of internal lymphoid malignancies and some reports suggest that it may play a role in the development of lymphoma in humans. Here we describe the characterization and progression of lymphoma in p53 heterozygous mice exposed to UVB irradiation. Methods UVB-irradiated p53+/- mice developed enlargement of the spleen. Isolated spleen cells were transplanted into Rag deficient hosts. The UV-induced tumor cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The tumor cells were tagged with GFP to study their metastatic potential. SKY and karyotypic analysis were carried out for the detection of chromosomal abnormalities. Functional assays included in vitro class switch recombination assay, immunoglobulin rearrangement assay, as well as cytokine profiling. Results UVB-exposed mice showed enlargement of the spleen and lymph nodes. Cells transplanted into Rag deficient mice developed aggressive tumors that infiltrated the lymph nodes, the spleen and the bone marrow. The tumor cells did not grow in immune competent syngeneic C57Bl/6 mice yet showed a modest growth in UV-irradiated B6 mice. Phenotypic analysis of these tumor cells revealed these cells are positive for B cell markers CD19+, CD5+, B220+, IgM+ and negative for T cell, NK or dendritic cell markers. The UV-induced tumor cells underwent robust in vitro immunoglobulin class switch recombination in response to lipopolysaccharide. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a t(14;19 translocation and trisomy of chromosome 6. These tumor cells secret IL-10, which can promote tumor growth and cause systemic immunosuppression. Conclusion UV-irradiated p53+/- mice developed lymphoid tumors that corresponded to a mature B cell lymphoma. Our results suggest that an indirect mechanism is involved in the development of internal

  8. UCH-L1 is induced in germinal center B cells and identifies patients with aggressive germinal center diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedekovics, Tibor; Hussain, Sajjad; Feldman, Andrew L; Galardy, Paul J

    2016-03-24

    Gene expression profiling has identified 2 major subclasses of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Cases resembling germinal center (GC) B cells (GCB-DLBCL) generally occur in younger patients, have a distinct molecular pathophysiology, and have improved outcomes compared with those similar to activated post-GC cells (activated B-cell DLBCL). We previously found that the ubiquitin hydrolase UCH-L1 is frequently overexpressed in mature B-cell malignancies and is a potent oncogene in mice. The cause for its overexpression in lymphoma, and whether it impacts the outcome of patients with DLBCL is unknown. Here, we show that UCH-L1 reflects GC lineage in lymphoma and is an oncogenic biomarker of aggressive GCB-DLBCL. We find that UCH-L1 is specifically induced in GC B cells in mice and humans, and that its expression correlates highly with the GCB subtype in DLBCL. We also find that UCH-L1 cooperates with BCL6 in a mouse model of GC B-cell lymphoma, but not with the development of multiple myeloma derived from post-GC cells. Despite the typically good outcomes of GCB-DLBCL, increased UCHL1 identifies a subgroup with early relapses independent of MYC expression, suggesting biological diversity in this subset of disease. Consistent with this, forced Uchl1 overexpression had a substantial impact on gene expression in GC B cells including pathways of cell cycle progression, cell death and proliferation, and DNA replication. These data demonstrate a novel role for UCH-L1 outside of the nervous system and suggest its potential use as a biomarker and therapeutic target in DLBCL. © 2016 by The American Society of Hematology.

  9. Stereotyped patterns of B-cell receptor in splenic marginal zone lymphoma

    KAUST Repository

    Zibellini, S.

    2010-05-29

    Antigen stimulation may be important for splenic marginal zone lymphoma pathogenesis. To address this hypothesis, the occurrence of stereotyped B-cell receptors was investigated in 133 SMZL (26 HCV+) compared with 4,414 HCDR3 sequences from public databases. Sixteen SMZL (12%) showed stereotyped BCR; 7 of 86 (8%) SMZL sequences retrieved from public databases also belonged to stereotyped HCDR3 subsets. Three categories of subsets were identified: i) SMZL-specific subsets (n=5), composed only of 12 SMZL (9 HCV- from our series); ii) Non-Hodgkin\\'s lymphoma-like subsets (n=5), comprising 5 SMZL (4 from our series) clustering with other indolent lymphomas; iii) "CLL-like subsets" (n=6), comprising 6 SMZL (3 from our series) that belonged to known CLL subsets (n=4) or clustered with public CLL sequences. Immunoglobulin 3D modeling of 3 subsets revealed similarities in antigen binding regions not limited to HCDR3. Overall, data suggest that the pathogenesis of splenic marginal zone lymphoma may involve also HCV unrelated epitopes or an antigenic trigger common to other indolent lymphomas. ©2010 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

  10. Pharmacokinetics of obinutuzumab in Chinese patients with B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, John; Qin, Yan; Zhu, Jun; Song, Yuqin; Shen, Zhixiang; Du, Xin; Jamois, Candice; Brewster, Michael; Shi, Yuankai; Shi, Jun

    2017-07-01

    The Phase Ib GERSHWIN study (NCT01680991) assessed the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of obinutuzumab following multiple intravenous (i.v.) doses to Chinese patients with B-cell lymphomas, and compared findings with previous obinutuzumab PK studies in mainly Caucasian (non-Chinese) patients. GERSHWIN was an open-label, single-arm intervention study. Patients aged >18 years with CD20+ relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or follicular lymphoma (FL) were enrolled from four centres in China. The treatment period was 24 weeks; patients received obinutuzumab 1000 mg i.v. on Days (D)1, 8 and 15 of Cycle (C)1 (CLL patients: first infusion split over 2 days) and on D1 of C2-8 (all cycles: 21 days). PK parameters were estimated using non-compartmental analysis (NCA), and a population PK analysis was used to determine whether observed GERSHWIN PK data were in accordance with previous obinutuzumab PK studies in non-Chinese patients. The PK analysis population included 48 patients: 28 patients completed all treatment cycles. NCA showed a similar PK profile in Chinese patients with FL, DLBCL and CLL. Steady-state concentrations of obinutuzumab appeared to be reached at the start of C2 irrespective of histology. There was no apparent relationship between body weight and systemic exposure. Most PK profiles observed in GERSHWIN lay within the 90% prediction interval of simulated profiles. Obinutuzumab exposure was comparable in CLL, DLBCL and FL patients. NCA and population PK analysis indicate that PK characteristics of Chinese patients with B-cell lymphomas are similar to those in non-Chinese patients. © 2017 The Authors. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Pharmacological Society.

  11. Autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic cell transplantation in dogs with B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willcox, J L; Pruitt, A; Suter, S E

    2012-01-01

    Peripheral blood CD34+ hematopoietic cell transplantation (PBHCT) is commonly used to treat human patients with relapsed non-Hodgkin diffuse, large B-cell lymphoma with cure rates approaching 50%. To determine the safety and feasibility of performing PBHCT to treat canine B-cell lymphoma (LSA) patients in a clinical academic setting. Twenty-four client-owned dogs diagnosed with B-cell LSA. After high-dose cyclophosphamide and rhG-colony-stimulating factor treatment, peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected using cell separator machines. The harvested cells then were infused after a 10 Gy dose of total body irradiation (TBI). Post-irradiation adverse effects were managed symptomatically and dogs were discharged upon evidence of engraftment. More than 2 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg were harvested in 23/24 dogs. Preapheresis peripheral blood monocyte count was correlated with the number of CD34+ cells/kg harvested. Twenty-one of 24 (87.5%) dogs engrafted appropriately, whereas 2 dogs (8.3%) died in the hospital. One (5%) dog exhibited delayed engraftment and died 45 days after PBHCT. One dog developed presumed TBI-induced pulmonary fibrosis approximately 8 months after PBHCT. The median disease-free interval and overall survival (OS) of all dogs from the time of PBHCT was 271 and 463 days, respectively. Five of 15 (33%) dogs transplanted before they relapsed remain in clinical remission for their disease at a median OS of 524 days (range, 361-665 days). In most cases, PBHCT led to complete hematologic reconstitution. Therefore, PBHCT may be considered as a treatment option for dogs with B-cell lymphoma. Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

  12. Primary cutaneous smoldering adult T-cell leukemia/ lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gittler, Julia; Martires, Kathryn; Terushkin, Vitaly; Brinster, Nooshin; Ramsay, David

    2016-12-15

    HTLV-1 is a virus that is endemic in southwesternJapan and the Caribbean and has been implicatedin the development of ATLL. ATLL, which is anuncommon malignant condition of peripheralT-lymphocytes, is characterized by four clinicalsubtypes, which include acute, lymphomatous,chronic, and smoldering types, that are based onLDH levels, calcium levels, and extent of organinvolvement. We present a 52-year- old woman withpruritic patches with scale on the buttocks and withtender, hyperpigmented macules and papules oftwo-years duration. Histopathologic examinationwas suggestive of mycosis fungoides, laboratoryresults showed HTLV-I and II, and the patient wasdiagnosed with primary cutaneous ATLL. We reviewthe literature on HTLV-1 and ATLL and specifically theprognosis of cutaneous ATLL. The literature suggeststhat a diagnosis of ATLL should be considered amongpatients of Caribbean origin or other endemicareas with skin lesions that suggest a cutaneousT-cell lymphoma, with clinicopathologic features ofmycosis fungoides. Differentiation between ATLLand cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is imperative as theyhave different prognoses and treatment approaches.

  13. Protein profiling in pathology: analysis and evaluation of 239 frozen tissue biopsies for diagnosis of B-cell lymphomas.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, C.; Feuth, T.; Raemaekers, J.M.M.; Rijntjes, J.; Meijer, J.W.; Westenend, P.J.; Baarlen, J. van; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Hebeda, K.M.; Groenen, P.J.T.A.

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: We determined the potential value of protein profiling of tissue samples by assessing how precise this approach enables discrimination of B-cell lymphoma from reactive lymph nodes, and how well the profiles can be used for lymphoma classification. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Protein lysates from

  14. Narcolepsy associated with primary temporal lobe B-cells lymphoma in a HLA DR2 negative subject.

    OpenAIRE

    Onofrj, M; Curatola, L; Ferracci, F; Fulgente, T

    1992-01-01

    Narcolepsy and cataplexy began one year before treatment of a left mid-temporal primary B-cells lymphoma in a HLA DR2 negative man. Treatment with radio therapy and immunosuppression induced regression of the lymphoma and disappearance of narcolepsy and cataplexy.

  15. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting with neurolymphomatosis and intravascular lymphoma: a unique autopsy case with diverse neurological symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamada Sohsuke

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A 78-year-old Japanese male noticed a difficulty in the beginning of standing up, followed by 7a progressive numbness of extremities with pain, Bell’s palsy, dysarthria, and difficulty in swallowing. A clinician had suspected cancer of unknown primary origin, accompanied by the diverse and elusive neurological symptoms, likely presenting as painful mononeuropathy simplex and cranial neuropathy. He developed dysbasia over weeks and died 1 month after the symptom onset. At autopsy, an ill-defined large and soft tumor mass in the right lobe of the liver with direct invasion into the right adrenal gland was observed. The left adrenal gland or right iliopsoas muscle was also involved. Microscopic findings showed a monotonous proliferation of medium-sized to large atypical lymphoid cells, which were diffusely positive for CD20 in immunohistochemistry, consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL. Furthermore, the lymphoma cells aggressively infiltrated endoneurial and subperineurial spaces not only in the peripheral nerves and plexuses, but partly in the spinal nerve roots, and intravascular spaces in various tissues. Therefore, systemic lymphoma (DLBL complicated with neurolymphomatosis (NL and intravascular lymphoma (IVL was diagnosed. Very early diagnosis and treatment are necessary for the NL patients with poor prognosis. Virtual slides The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/5862472377020448.

  16. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting with neurolymphomatosis and intravascular lymphoma: a unique autopsy case with diverse neurological symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Sohsuke; Tanimoto, Akihide; Nabeshima, Atsunori; Tasaki, Takashi; Wang, Ke-Yong; Kitada, Shohei; Noguchi, Hirotsugu; Sasaguri, Yasuyuki

    2012-08-13

    A 78-year-old Japanese male noticed a difficulty in the beginning of standing up, followed by 7a progressive numbness of extremities with pain, Bell's palsy, dysarthria, and difficulty in swallowing. A clinician had suspected cancer of unknown primary origin, accompanied by the diverse and elusive neurological symptoms, likely presenting as painful mononeuropathy simplex and cranial neuropathy. He developed dysbasia over weeks and died 1 month after the symptom onset. At autopsy, an ill-defined large and soft tumor mass in the right lobe of the liver with direct invasion into the right adrenal gland was observed. The left adrenal gland or right iliopsoas muscle was also involved. Microscopic findings showed a monotonous proliferation of medium-sized to large atypical lymphoid cells, which were diffusely positive for CD20 in immunohistochemistry, consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). Furthermore, the lymphoma cells aggressively infiltrated endoneurial and subperineurial spaces not only in the peripheral nerves and plexuses, but partly in the spinal nerve roots, and intravascular spaces in various tissues. Therefore, systemic lymphoma (DLBL) complicated with neurolymphomatosis (NL) and intravascular lymphoma (IVL) was diagnosed. Very early diagnosis and treatment are necessary for the NL patients with poor prognosis. The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/5862472377020448.

  17. The Role of mTOR Inhibitors for the Treatment of B-Cell Lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinelopi Argyriou

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that the majority of lymphomas initially respond to treatment, many patients relapse and die from disease that is refractory to current regimens. The need for new treatment strategies in lymphomas has led to the investigation and evaluation of novel agents that target cellular pathways. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR is a representative pathway that may be implicated in lymphomagenesis. Rapamycin and especially its derivatives (temsirolimus, everolimus, and deforolimus represent the first described mTOR inhibitors. These agents have shown promising results in the treatment of lymphoid malignancies. On the other hand, new ATP-competitive mTOR inhibitors that provoke a broader inhibition of mTOR activity are in early stages of clinical development. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the existing knowledge about mTOR inhibitors and their use in the treatment of B-cell lymphomas. Relevant issues regarding mTOR biology in general as well as in B-cell lymphoid neoplasms are also discussed in short.

  18. Is now the time for molecular driven therapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Rocco, Alice; De Angelis, Federico; Ansuinelli, Michela; Foà, Robin; Martelli, Maurizio

    2017-09-01

    Recent genetic and molecular discoveries regarding alterations in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) deeply changed the approach to this lymphoproliferative disorder. Novel additional predictors of outcomes and new therapeutic strategies are being introduced to improve outcomes. Areas covered: This review aims to analyse the recent molecular discoveries in DLBCL, the rationale of novel molecular driven treatments and their impact on DLBCL prognosis, especially in ABC-DLBCL and High Grade B Cell Lymphoma. Pre-clinical and clinical evidences are reviewed to critically evaluate the novel DLBCL management strategies. Expert commentary: New insights in DLBCL molecular characteristics should guide the therapeutic approach; the results of the current studies which are investigating safety and efficacy of novel 'X-RCHOP' will probably lead, in future, to a cell of origin (COO) based upfront therapy. Moreover, it is necessary to identify early patients with DLBCL who carried MYC, BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements double hit lymphomas (DHL) because they should not receive standard R-CHOP but high intensity treatment as reported in many retrospective studies. New prospective trials are needed to investigate the more appropriate treatment of DHL.

  19. Hepatitis C virus-related B cell subtypes in non Hodgkin's lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellicelli, Adriano M; Marignani, Massimo; Zoli, Valerio; Romano, Mario; Morrone, Aldo; Nosotti, Lorenzo; Barbaro, Giuseppe; Picardi, Antonio; Gentilucci, Umberto Vespasiani; Remotti, Daniele; D'Ambrosio, Cecilia; Furlan, Caterina; Mecenate, Fabrizio; Mazzoni, Ettore; Majolino, Ignazio; Villani, Roberto; Andreoli, Arnaldo; Barbarini, Giorgio

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate if indolent B cell-non Hodgkin’s lymphoma (B-NHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive patients could have different biological and clinical characteristics requiring different management strategies. METHODS: A group of 24 HCV related B-NHL patients (11 indolent, 13 DLBCL) in whom the biological and clinical characteristics were described and confronted. Patients with DLBCL were managed with the standard of care of treatment. Patients with indolent HCV-related B-NHL were managed with antiviral treatment pegylated interferon plus ribavirin and their course observed. The outcomes of the different approaches were compared. RESULTS: Patients with DLBCL had a shorter duration of HCV infection and a higher prevalence of HCV genotype 1 compared to patients with indolent B-NHL in which HCV genotype 2 was the more frequent genotype. Five of the 9 patients with indolent HCV-related B-NHL treated with only antiviral therapy, achieved a complete response of their onco-haematological disease (55%). Seven of the 13 DLBCL patients treated with immunochemotheraphy obtained a complete response (54%). CONCLUSION: HCV genotypes and duration of HCV infection differed between B-NHL subtypes. Indolent lymphomas can be managed with antiviral treatment, while DLBCL is not affected by the HCV infection. PMID:22125661

  20. Primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: A case report

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    Muhammad Sadiq

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Primary testicular diffuse large-B cell lymphoma (DLBCL is an uncommon and aggressive disease with predominant manifestation in the older age. Herein, we report a case of 47-year-old male patient who presented with three months history of left testis swelling. The patient underwent unilateral (left radical orchiectomy. Histopathological examination revealed extensive involvement and replacement of testicular parenchyma by a tumor composed of large discohesive sheets of cells with pleomorphic, hyperchromatic nuclei and prominent nucleoli. Immunohistochemical (IHC staining showed reactivity for LCA & Pan B (CD20 and negativity for OCT 3/4, SALL4 and Inhibin. Moreover, Pan T (CD3 highlighted reactive T-cells. These features rendered the diagnosis of DLBCL of testis. The hybrid 2-[fluorine-18] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT demonstrated two para-aortic FDG avid lymph nodes on the left side at the level of L2 vertebra. Presently, the patient has been planned for doxorubicin-based chemotherapy (i.e., cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone; CHOP along with intrathecal Methroxate (MTX, which would presumably improve the prognosis. Our study would expand the pool of this uncommon tumor towards its better understanding. Keywords: Primary testicular lymphoma, Diffuse large-B cell lymphoma, Orchiectomy, Doxorubicin-based chemotherapy

  1. [MALT B cell lymphoma with kidney damage and monoclonal gammopathy: a case study and literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peces, R; Vega-Cabrera, C; Peces, C; Pobes, A; Fresno, M F

    2010-01-01

    We report a case of low-grade B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) involving the left kidney and simultaneous onset of a monoclonal gammopathy IgM kappa. No predisposing local inflammatory condition was identified. Following left nephrectomy, the renal specimen showed the centrocyte like cells and lymphoid cells in the lymphoepithelial lesions were positive for CD20 and CD79α. The neoplastic cells expressed monotypic cytoplasmic IgM kappa. The demonstration of bone marrow cells of B-lineage expressing the same monoclonal protein as the tumor suggested bone marrow involvement, even in the absence of identical morphology. Despite chemotherapy and rituximab treatment, clinical follow-up showed right kidney extension with high-grade transformation, and finally systemic dissemination. This case illustrates that the kidney is among the sites that may be involved by MALT B-cell lymphomas in a primary or secondary fashion, and the need for expanded investigation of the possible dissemination. We review the literature on this unusual extranodal lymphoma.

  2. Age cutoff for Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma--is it necessary?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ok, C.Y.; Ye, Q.; Li, L; Manyam, G.C.; Deng, L.; Goswami, R.R.; Wang, X.; Montes-Moreno, S.; Visco, C.; Tzankov, A.; Dybkaer, K.; Zhang, L.; Abramson, J.; Sohani, A.R.; Chiu, A.; Orazi, A.; Zu, Y.; Bhagat, G.; Richards, K.L.; Hsi, E.D.; Choi, W.W.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Huh, J.; Ponzoni, M.; Ferreri, A.J.; Zhang, S.; Parsons, B.M.; Xu, M.; Moller, M.B.; Winter, J.N.; Piris, M.A.; Xu-Monette, Z.Y.; Medeiros, L.J.; Young, K.H.

    2015-01-01

    Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the elderly (EBV+ DLBCL-e) is a molecularly distinct variant of DLBCL, characterized by a monoclonal B-cell proliferation that occurs in patients >50 years of age without a history or clinicopathologic evidence of immunodeficiency.

  3. EBV-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the elderly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ok, Chi Young; Papathomas, Thomas G.; Medeiros, L. Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the elderly, initially described in 2003, is a provisional entity in the 2008 World Health Organization classification system and is defined as an EBV-positive monoclonal large B-cell proliferation that occurs in patients >50 years of age and in whom there is no known immunodeficiency or history of lymphoma. These tumors are more common in Asia but also occur in North America and Europe at a low frequency. These neoplasms exhibit a morphologic continuum, from polymorphous to monomorphous, but morphologic features do not correlate with prognosis as all patients have a clinically aggressive course. Most EBV-positive DLBCL of the elderly patients have an activated B-cell immunophenotype and are characterized by prominent nuclear factor-κB activation. Cytogenetic complexity is usually low. In this review, we comprehensively delineate the data emerging from analyses of EBV latency program, microRNA-mediated EBV viral oncogenesis, functional genomics of EBV and its biology, and differential diagnosis challenge for EBV-positive DLBCL of the elderly. It is hoped that the improved understanding of these tumors will lead to the development of novel therapeutic approaches, enhance the effectiveness of clinical trials, and improve prognosis. PMID:23649469

  4. Massive transcriptional perturbation in subgroups of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Rosolowski

    Full Text Available Based on the assumption that molecular mechanisms involved in cancerogenesis are characterized by groups of coordinately expressed genes, we developed and validated a novel method for analyzing transcriptional data called Correlated Gene Set Analysis (CGSA. Using 50 extracted gene sets we identified three different profiles of tumors in a cohort of 364 Diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL and related mature aggressive B-cell lymphomas other than Burkitt lymphoma. The first profile had high level of expression of genes related to proliferation whereas the second profile exhibited a stromal and immune response phenotype. These two profiles were characterized by a large scale gene activation affecting genes which were recently shown to be epigenetically regulated, and which were enriched in oxidative phosphorylation, energy metabolism and nucleoside biosynthesis. The third and novel profile showed only low global gene activation similar to that found in normal B cells but not cell lines. Our study indicates novel levels of complexity of DLBCL with low or high large scale gene activation related to metabolism and biosynthesis and, within the group of highly activated DLBCLs, differential behavior leading to either a proliferative or a stromal and immune response phenotype.

  5. Return to work for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and transformed indolent lymphoma undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arboe, Bente; Olsen, Maja Halgren; Goerloev, Jette Soenderskov

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the standard treatment for patients with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or transformed indolent lymphoma (TIL). The treatment is mainly considered for younger patients still available for the work market. In this study...

  6. Numb Chin Syndrome as First Symptom of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Carbone

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Numb chin syndrome is a rare sensory neuropathy of the mental nerve characterized by numbness, hypoesthesia, paraesthesia, and very rarely pain. Dental causes, especially iatrogenic ones, maxillofacial trauma, or malignant neoplasm are etiologic factors for this rare syndrome. Many malignant and metastatic neoplasms are causing this syndrome, like primary osteosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and mandibular metastasis of primary carcinoma of breast, lung, thyroid, kidney, prostate, and nasopharynx. Haematological malignancies like acute lymphocytic leukaemia, Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and myeloma can cause this neuropathy. The authors report a case of a 71-year-old woman in which the numb chin syndrome was the first symptom of the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, which caused infiltration and reabsorption of the alveolar ridge and lower mandibular cortex. A biopsy of the mass was performed on fragments of tissue collected from the mandibular periosteum, medullary and cortical mandibular bone, and inferior alveolar nerve.

  7. Synchronous diffuse large B cell lymphomas of the endometrium and breast: a staging dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleeson, J P; Woods, G B; Watson, G A; Ryan, J; Doyle, E; Quinn, F; O'Keane, J C; McCaffrey, J A

    2017-11-01

    A 66 years old presented with abnormal postmenopausal vaginal bleeding and was diagnosed with an endometrial lymphoma (diffuse large B cell type, DLBCL). A left breast lesion was found on PET CT which was subsequently biopsy-proven as a separate stage IE DLBCL, but she had no lymph node, bone marrow or spleen involvement. This study aimed to review the available literature and discuss the management and staging of synchronous extra-nodal DLBCL's. Our patient was staged as having synchronous stage IE DLBCL's of the endometrium and breast. Subsequent molecular analysis (IgH gene rearrangement analysis) on both lesions, confirmed the two lesions to be clonally unrelated. Staging of synchronous extra-nodal lymphomas, particularly when they arise in rare sites such as the endometrium and breast, is difficult and previously unreported. We present our rationale for defining our patient's disease as synchronous stage IE DLBCL's.

  8. The DG75 B-cell lymphoma line exhibits biclonal immunoglobulin gene rearrangement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Zongli; Li, Yuan; Hu, Jun; Guo, Hua; Zhao, Xiangrong; Wang, Guanghua; Gao, Jinwei; Hu, Qiaoxia

    2013-01-01

    Immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement (GR) studies have been successfully employed to investigate the clonality and cell lineage of various lymphoid malignancies. Several lymphoma cell lines, such as BJAB, RAJI, DG75 and Jurkat cell lines, were often used as the positive controls in GR detection assays. Of those, the DG75 B-cell lymphoma line was found to exhibit biclonality [two or more homoduplex and heteroduplex bands in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) product of clonality assay] in the PCR of GR detection assays. To further explore these characteristics of the biclonal phenomenon, the PCR products were purified and cloned into a pEGM-T clone vector. The sequences were analyzed using DNA analysis software. The results demonstrated that the two bands originated from two forms of GR of DG75 cell lines, i.e., DG75 is a biclonal cell line in Ig GRs, which has not been reported before.

  9. Microvascular density, CD68 and tryptase expression in human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinaccio, Christian; Ingravallo, Giuseppe; Gaudio, Francesco; Perrone, Tommasina; Nico, Beatrice; Maoirano, Eugenio; Specchia, Giorgina; Ribatti, Domenico

    2014-11-01

    Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common form of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by clinical and biological heterogeneity attributable both to the tumor cells and the complex tumor-microenvironment surrounding them. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and mast cells are two major components of the tumor inflammatory infiltrate with a definite role in enhancing tumor angiogenesis. In this study, we have investigated CD68 and tryptase expression and their relationship with microvascular density (MVD) in chemo-resistant and chemosensitive patients affected by DLBCL. CD68 and tryptase expression as well as MVD were increased in chemo-resistant patients when compared with chemosensitive patients. Tryptase expression showed a positive correlation with MVD, supporting a role for mast cell in DLBCL tumor angiogenesis, while CD68 correlation with MVD was not significant, indicating a different role for TAMs than angiogenesis in DLBCL. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. T cells, mast cells and microvascular density in diffuse large B cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinaccio, Christian; Ingravallo, Giuseppe; Gaudio, Francesco; Perrone, Tommasina; Ruggieri, Simona; Opinto, Giuseppina; Nico, Beatrice; Maiorano, Eugenio; Specchia, Giorgina; Ribatti, Domenico

    2016-08-01

    Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is recognized as the most common form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), accounting for about 40 % of all cases of NHL. Among the cellular components of the tumor inflammatory infiltrate, T cells and mast cells have been demonstrated to be correlated with tumor angiogenesis. In this report, we have investigated CD3 and tryptase expression and their relationship with microvascular density (MVD) in DLBCL patients. Moreover, we determined the significance of CD3 expression in bulky and non-bulky disease. CD3 expression was significantly lower in bulky disease patients when compared to non-bulky ones. CD3 showed a positive correlation with tryptase and MVD, while multiple regression analysis efficaciously predicted MVD depending on CD3 and tryptase as predictors, supporting a complex interplay between these cells in sustaining tumor angiogenesis in DLBCL patients.

  11. Lack of TERT Promoter Mutations in Human B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary Lam

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL are a heterogeneous group of immune cell neoplasms that comprise molecularly distinct lymphoma subtypes. Recent work has identified high frequency promoter point mutations in the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT gene of different cancer types, including melanoma, glioma, liver and bladder cancer. TERT promoter mutations appear to correlate with increased TERT expression and telomerase activity in these cancers. In contrast, breast, pancreatic, and prostate cancer rarely demonstrate mutations in this region of the gene. TERT promoter mutation prevalence in NHL has not been thoroughly tested thus far. We screened 105 B-cell lymphoid malignancies encompassing nine NHL subtypes and acute lymphoblastic leukemia, for TERT promoter mutations. Our results suggest that TERT promoter mutations are rare or absent in most NHL. Thus, the classical TERT promoter mutations may not play a major oncogenic role in TERT expression and telomerase activation in NHL.

  12. Frequent disruption of the RB1 pathway in diffuse large B cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, M B; Kania, Per Walter; Ino, Y

    2000-01-01

    In the present study, we analysed 34 de novo diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLCL) from a population-based lymphoma registry for alterations of the RB1 pathway at the genetic (RB1 and CDK4) and protein (pRb, cyclin D1, cyclin D3, CDK4, and E2F-1) level. The results were correlated with the data from...... inactivation, cyclin D3 overexpression, or aberrant pRb expression was identified in 18 of 34 DLCLs (53%). Combining these results with our previous p53 pathway studies showed that 82% of the de novo DLCLs had alterations of these pathways, and that both pathways were altered in 13 cases (38%). Low E2F-1...... as tumour suppressor gene in lymphoma and strongly suggest that the RB1 and p53 pathways are important in the development of de novo DLCL. Furthermore, low E2F-1 expression and p16INK4A inactivation may serve as prognostic markers for patients with this type of lymphoma....

  13. Acute Acquired Demyelinating Polyneuropathy:An Initial Presentation of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munira Shabbir-Moosajee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Neurological signs and symptoms are commonly associated with both Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and are mostly attributed to either direct lymphomatous involvement of the nervous system, either as a result of extension to the spinal cord or nerves, or due to infiltration by lymphoma cells and drug toxicity. Guillain-Barre syndrome and its variants have been reported very infrequently in the literature. We present the case of a 70-year-old male admitted to the hospital for evaluation of uncontrolled hypertension. Incidentally, he was noted to have a low platelet count and a leukoerythroblastic picture in the peripheral blood. Two days into admission, he developed bilateral symmetrical ascending paresis consistent with acute acquired demyelinating polyneuropathy, a common variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome. At about the same time he developed worsening cytopenia and was diagnosed with diffuse large B cell lymphoma according to a bone marrow biopsy. The patient was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin for Guillain-Barre syndrome with significant improvement in muscle strength and subsequently treated with chemotherapy for his lymphoma.

  14. Preclinical Evaluation of the Novel BTK Inhibitor Acalabrutinib in Canine Models of B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonnie K Harrington

    Full Text Available Acalabrutinib (ACP-196 is a second-generation inhibitor of Bruton agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase (BTK with increased target selectivity and potency compared to ibrutinib. In this study, we evaluated acalabrutinib in spontaneously occurring canine lymphoma, a model of B-cell malignancy similar to human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. First, we demonstrated that acalabrutinib potently inhibited BTK activity and downstream effectors in CLBL1, a canine B-cell lymphoma cell line, and primary canine lymphoma cells. Acalabrutinib also inhibited proliferation in CLBL1 cells. Twenty dogs were enrolled in the clinical trial and treated with acalabrutinib at dosages of 2.5 to 20mg/kg every 12 or 24 hours. Acalabrutinib was generally well tolerated, with adverse events consisting primarily of grade 1 or 2 anorexia, weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea and lethargy. Overall response rate (ORR was 25% (5/20 with a median progression free survival (PFS of 22.5 days. Clinical benefit was observed in 30% (6/20 of dogs. These findings suggest that acalabrutinib is safe and exhibits activity in canine B-cell lymphoma patients and support the use of canine lymphoma as a relevant model for human non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL.

  15. Evaluation of a low density DNA microarray for small B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma differential diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillet, Jean-Pierre; Molina, Thierry Jo; Jamart, Jacques; Gaulard, Philippe; Leroy, Karen; Briere, Josette; Theate, Ivan; Thieblemont, Catherine; Bosly, Andre; Herin, Michel; Hamels, Jacques; Remacle, Jose

    2009-03-01

    Lymphomas are classified according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) classification which defines subtypes on the basis of clinical, morphological, immunophenotypic, molecular and cytogenetic criteria. Differential diagnosis of the subtypes is sometimes difficult, especially for small B-cell lymphoma (SBCL). Standardisation of molecular genetic assays using multiple gene expression analysis by microarrays could be a useful complement to the current diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to develop a low density DNA microarray for the analysis of 107 genes associated with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and to evaluate its performance in the diagnosis of SBCL. A predictive tool based on Fisher discriminant analysis using a training set of 40 patients including four different subtypes (follicular lymphoma n = 15, mantle cell lymphoma n = 7, B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia n = 6 and splenic marginal zone lymphoma n = 12) was designed. A short additional preliminary analysis to gauge the accuracy of this signature was then performed on an external set of nine patients. Using this model, eight of nine of those samples were classified successfully. This pilot study demonstrates that such a microarray tool may be a promising diagnostic approach for small B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

  16. High dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popp, Henning

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: High-dose chemotherapy (HDT with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT plays an important role in the treatment of aggressive non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL. We report on a retrospective analysis of all patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who were consecutively treated with HDT followed by ASCT at the University Hospital of Bonn, Germany, between 1996 and 2004. Methods: A total of 25 patients were transplanted for biopsy-proven diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. Eight patients received up-front HDT as first-line therapy, four patients received HDT due to incomplete response to conventional induction chemotherapy, and six patients were treated for primary refractory disease. Seven patients had recurrent lymphoma. Results: A complete remission (CR was achieved in 14 of 25 patients (56%. Estimated 3-year survival for patients treated with upfront HDT, chemosensitive patients with incomplete response to first line therapy, and patients with chemosensitive relapsed disease was 87.5%, 50.0% and 60.0%, respectively. In contrast, no patient with primary refractory disease or relapsed disease lacking chemosensitivity lived longer than 8 months. Chemosensitivity was the only significant prognostic factor for overall survival (OS in multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Our results confirm that HDT and ASCT is a highly effective therapy in patients with DLBCL leading to long-term survival in a substantial proportion of patients. Patients treated upfront for high-risk disease, incomplete response to conventional first-line therapy, or for chemosensitive relapse have a good prognosis. In contrast, patients with primary chemorefractory disease and patients with relapsed disease lacking chemosensitivity do not benefit from HDT with ASCT.

  17. Clinical impact of CD5 expression in Korean patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Hyun-Young; Jang, Mi-Ae; Kim, Hee-Jin; Kim, Seok Jin; Kim, Won Seog; Kim, Sun-Hee

    2017-01-01

    Background CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (CD5+ DLBCL) accounts for 5–10% of DLBCL cases and has poor patient outcomes. However, most studies on CD5+ DLBCL were performed in Japanese patients and only few data are available for Korean population. In this study, we investigated the clinical characteristics and prognostic impact of CD5 expression in Korean patients with bone marrow (BM) involvement of DLBCL. Methods Patients who were initially diagnosed with BM involvement of de nov...

  18. Molecular Classification of Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma: What Is Clinically Relevant?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sujobert, Pierre; Salles, Gilles; Bachy, Emmanuel

    2016-12-01

    Major progress in the understanding of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) biology has been made in the last decade. Many specific compounds have now entered early phase clinical trials. However, further efforts are needed to find an accurate, fast, reproducible, and affordable technique to translate DLBCL subtype determination by gene expression profiles into clinical application. This article discusses the advantages and drawbacks of the currently available techniques of DLBCL subtype determination as well as important prognostic implications related to the cell of origin. Furthermore, the article provides a schematic description of how molecularly defined DLBCL subtypes could guide tailored therapy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. [Large B-cell lymphoma coexisting with Castleman's disease. Report of one case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avilés-Salas, Alejandro; Candelaria, Myrna; Sevilla-Lizcano, Diana Brisa; Burgos, Sebastián

    2017-07-01

    We report a 73-year-old female patient with Castleman's disease coexistent with large B cell type non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a right axillary lymphadenopathy. An excisional biopsy was performed: microscopically, the lymph node revealed the presence of numerous plasma cells and small lymphoid cells characteristic of Castleman's disease. An analysis of another portion of the specimen revealed lymphoid cells with large abnormal nuclei gathered locally that were CDD 79+, CD 38+ and MUM-1+ as well as positive for Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and negative for Epstein Barr virus encoded RNA-1 (EBER).

  20. CCR 20th anniversary commentary: Radioactive Drones for B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Susan J; Levy, Ronald

    2015-02-01

    In a study published in the March 1, 1996, issue of Clinical Cancer Research, Knox and colleagues (1) demonstrated the safety and efficacy of Yttirium-90 ((90)Y)-anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody therapy, as well as the benefit of preinfusion of unlabeled antibody on radiolabeled antibody biodistribution. Subsequent clinical trials with this radiolabeled antibody led to regulatory approval of this treatment for B-cell lymphoma. See related article by Knox et al., Clin Cancer Res 1996;2(3) Mar 1996; 457-70. ©2015 American Association for Cancer Research.

  1. Identification of uniquely expressed transcription factors in highly purified B-cell lymphoma samples

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andréasson, Ulrika; Edén, Patrik; Peterson, Carsten

    2010-01-01

    to normal B-cells; assessed by immunohistochemistry or flow cytometry, by using a handful of phenotypic markers. In the last decade, diagnostic and prognostic evaluation has been facilitated by global gene expression profiling (GEP), providing a new powerful means for the classification, prediction...... of survival, and response to treatment of lymphomas. However, most GEP studies have typically been performed on whole tissue samples, containing varying degrees of tumor cell content, which results in uncertainties in data analysis. In this study, global GEP analyses were performed on highly purified, flow-cytometry...

  2. Primary cutaneous lymphomas: a population-based descriptive study of 71 consecutive cases diagnosed between 1980 and 2003.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riou-Gotta, Marie Odile; Fournier, Evelyne; Mermet, Isabelle; Pelletier, Fabien; Humbert, Philippe; Danzon, Arlette; Aubin, François

    2008-08-01

    Although primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCL) are the second most common group of extra-nodal non-Hodgkin lymphomas, few epidemiological data are available in the literature, and most of them are provided by large databases from population-based cancer registries in the US or patients attending a single institution. We conducted this study to investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of PCL diagnosed in the department of Doubs from 1980 to 2003. Data were collected from the Doubs cancer registry from 1980 to 2003. Seventy-one patients with PCL were investigated. 82% were cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) and 18% were cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (CBCL). Among CTCL, mycosis fungoides (MF) represented 58% and Sezary syndrome 10%. The standardised incidence rate of PCL was 0.42 for 100 000 person-years and significantly increased from 0.21 in 1980-1984 to 0.70 in 2000-2003 (p <0.05). The incidence rate of CTCL was 0.34 for 100 000 person-year and significantly increased from 0.2 to 0.57 (p <0.05). For MF and CBCL, the incidence rates were 0.20 and 0.08, respectively and did not vary significantly from 1980-1984 to 2000-2003. Five-year survival was 64.5% for PCL patients similar to MF patients. Our results provide updated data on the incidence of PCL in France.

  3. Modern Radiation Therapy for Primary Cutaneous Lymphomas: Field and Dose Guidelines From the International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Specht, Lena, E-mail: lena.specht@regionh.dk [Departments of Oncology and Hematology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Dabaja, Bouthaina [Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Illidge, Tim [Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, The Christie National Health Service Foundation Trust, Manchester (United Kingdom); Wilson, Lynn D. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Hoppe, Richard T. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Primary cutaneous lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of diseases. They often remain localized, and they generally have a more indolent course and a better prognosis than lymphomas in other locations. They are highly radiosensitive, and radiation therapy is an important part of the treatment, either as the sole treatment or as part of a multimodality approach. Radiation therapy of primary cutaneous lymphomas requires the use of special techniques that form the focus of these guidelines. The International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group has developed these guidelines after multinational meetings and analysis of available evidence. The guidelines represent an agreed consensus view of the International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group steering committee on the use of radiation therapy in primary cutaneous lymphomas in the modern era.

  4. Inhibition of the miR-155 target NIAM phenocopies the growth promoting effect of miR-155 in B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluiver, Joost; Slezak-Prochazka, Izabella; de Jong, Debora; Smigielska, Katarzyna; Kortman, Gertrud; Winkle, Melanie; Rutgers, Bea; Koerts, Jasper; Visser, Lydia; Diepstra, Arjan; Kroesen, Bart-Jan; van den Berg, Anke

    2016-01-01

    Several studies have indicated an important role for miR-155 in the pathogenesis of B-cell lymphoma. Highly elevated levels of miR-155 were indeed observed in most B-cell lymphomas with the exception of Burkitt lymphoma (BL). However, the molecular mechanisms that underlie the oncogenic role of

  5. The role of 18F-FDG PET and PET/CT in the evaluation of primary cutaneous lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Lin; Tu, Guojian; Li, Jing; Chen, Yue

    2017-02-01

    Primary cutaneous lymphoma (PCL) is the second most common type of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma, including both cutaneous T-cell and B-cell lymphomas. PCL comprises numerous subtypes and thus has myriad clinical presentations in the skin and subcutaneous tissues. Accurate classification and staging are important for making treatment recommendations for PCL and will further impact patient prognosis significantly. We review the role of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET (F-FDG PET) and F-FDG PET with computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis, staging, tumor biological evaluation, treatment response assessment, and early recurrence surveillance of PCL. Although F-FDG PET and PET/CT do not seem to adequately distinguish the plaque, patch, or erythroderma cutaneous lesions of PCL, the imaging modalities are superior to CT, MRI, and other nuclear medicine methods in detecting both the cutaneous and the extracutaneous lesions of PCL. The available literature addressing the clinical role of F-FDG PET and PET/CT in patients with PCL is promising for the use of the modalities in staging, tumor biological evaluation, biopsy guidance, early treatment response assessment, and recurrence surveillance. However, more data are needed to better specify the role of F-FDG PET and PET/CT in the management of PCL.

  6. Sinusoidal CD30+ diffuse large B-cell lymphoma can masquerade as anaplastic large cell lymphoma in pediatric posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatt, Neel S; Kelly, Michael E; Batdorf, Bjorn; Gheorghe, Gabriela

    2017-08-01

    Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a known complication of solid organ transplantation. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is frequently seen in this setting. However, CD30+ DLBCL with sinusoidal pattern of involvement has not been reported in pediatric PTLD. We are reporting a 9-year-old female child presented with diffuse lymphadenopathy postheart transplantation. The pattern of involvement was suggestive of anaplastic large cell lymphoma, but the malignant cells were positive for B-cell markers and negative for anaplastic lymphoma kinase. The patient was treated aggressively with multiagent chemotherapy and rituximab. Accurate diagnosis in PTLD is paramount in making management decisions. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with combined TP53 mutation and MIR34A methylation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmar, Fazila; Hother, Christoffer; Kulosman, Gorjan

    2014-01-01

    MiR34A, B and C have been implicated in lymphomagenesis, but information on their role in normal CD19+ B-cells (PBL-B) and de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is limited. We show that in normal and activated B-cells miR34A-5p plays a dominant role compared to other miR34 family members....... Only miR34A-5p is expressed in PBL-B, and significantly induced in activated B-cells and reactive lymph nodes. In PBL-B, the MIR34A and MIR34B/C promoters are unmethylated, but the latter shows enrichment for the H3K4me3/H3K27me3 silencing mark. Nine de novo DLBCL cases (n=150) carry both TP53 mutation...... negative prognostic factor for survival (P=0.0002). In 2 DLBCL-cell lines with both TP53 mutation and promoter methylation of MIR34A, miR34A-5p is upregulated by 5-aza-2'deoxycytidine. Thus, the TP53/MIR34A "double hit" characterizes a very aggressive subgroup of DLBCL, which may be treatable...

  8. Loss of B cell identity correlates with loss of B cell-specific transcription factors in Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells of classical Hodgkin lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertel, Christina B; Zhou, Xiao-ge; Hamilton-Dutoit, Stephen J

    2002-01-01

    In classical Hodgkin lymphoma the malignant Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells characteristically constitute only a small minority of the tumour load. Their origin has been debated for decades, but on the basis of rearrangement and somatic hypermutations of their immunoglubulin (Ig) genes, HRS...... cells are now ascribed to the B-cell lineage. Nevertheless, phenotypically HRS cells have lost their B cell identity: they usually lack common B cell-specific surface markers such as CD19 and CD79a as well as Ig gene transcripts. Here we demonstrate that Ig promoters as well as both intronic and 3......' enhancer sequences are transcriptionally inactive in HRS cell lines. This inactivity correlates with either reduced levels or even a complete lack of several B cell-specific transcription factors required for their expression: Oct-2, OBF-1, PU.1, E47/E12, PAX-5 and EBF. Moreover, we demonstrate that PU.1...

  9. The B-cell receptor controls fitness of MYC-driven lymphoma cells via GSK3β inhibition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varano, Gabriele; Raffel, Simon; Sormani, Martina; Zanardi, Federica; Lonardi, Silvia; Zasada, Christin; Perucho, Laura; Petrocelli, Valentina; Haake, Andrea; Lee, Albert K; Bugatti, Mattia; Paul, Ulrike; Van Anken, Eelco; Pasqualucci, Laura; Rabadan, Raul; Siebert, Reiner; Kempa, Stefan; Ponzoni, Maurilio; Facchetti, Fabio; Rajewsky, Klaus; Casola, Stefano

    2017-06-08

    Similar to resting mature B cells, where the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) controls cellular survival, surface BCR expression is conserved in most mature B-cell lymphomas. The identification of activating BCR mutations and the growth disadvantage upon BCR knockdown of cells of certain lymphoma entities has led to the view that BCR signalling is required for tumour cell survival. Consequently, the BCR signalling machinery has become an established target in the therapy of B-cell malignancies. Here we study the effects of BCR ablation on MYC-driven mouse B-cell lymphomas and compare them with observations in human Burkitt lymphoma. Whereas BCR ablation does not, per se, significantly affect lymphoma growth, BCR-negative (BCR(-)) tumour cells rapidly disappear in the presence of their BCR-expressing (BCR(+)) counterparts in vitro and in vivo. This requires neither cellular contact nor factors released by BCR(+) tumour cells. Instead, BCR loss induces the rewiring of central carbon metabolism, increasing the sensitivity of receptor-less lymphoma cells to nutrient restriction. The BCR attenuates glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3β) activity to support MYC-controlled gene expression. BCR(-) tumour cells exhibit increased GSK3β activity and are rescued from their competitive growth disadvantage by GSK3β inhibition. BCR(-) lymphoma variants that restore competitive fitness normalize GSK3β activity after constitutive activation of the MAPK pathway, commonly through Ras mutations. Similarly, in Burkitt lymphoma, activating RAS mutations may propagate immunoglobulin-crippled tumour cells, which usually represent a minority of the tumour bulk. Thus, while BCR expression enhances lymphoma cell fitness, BCR-targeted therapies may profit from combinations with drugs targeting BCR(-) tumour cells.

  10. Trends in incidence, treatment and survival of aggressive B-cell lymphoma in the Netherlands 1989–2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Issa, Djamila E.; van de Schans, Saskia A.M.; Chamuleau, Martine E.D.; Karim-Kos, Henrike E.; Wondergem, Marielle; Huijgens, Peter C.; Coebergh, Jan Willem W.; Zweegman, Sonja; Visser, Otto

    2015-01-01

    Only a small number of patients with aggressive B-cell lymphoma take part in clinical trials, and elderly patients in particular are under-represented. Therefore, we studied data of the population-based nationwide Netherlands Cancer Registry to determine trends in incidence, treatment and survival in an unselected patient population. We included all patients aged 15 years and older with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma or Burkitt lymphoma in the period 1989–2010 and mantle cell lymphoma in the period 2001–2010, with follow up until February 2013. We examined incidence, first-line treatment and survival. We calculated annual percentage of change in incidence and carried out relative survival analyses. Incidence remained stable for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n=23,527), while for mantle cell lymphoma (n=1,634) and Burkitt lymphoma (n=724) incidence increased for men and remained stable for women. No increase in survival for patients with aggressive B-cell lymphoma was observed during the period 1989–1993 and the period 1994–1998 [5-year relative survival 42% (95%CI: 39%–45%) and 41% (38%–44%), respectively], but increased to 46% (43%–48%) in the period 1999–2004 and to 58% (56%–61%) in the period 2005–2010. The increase in survival was most prominent in patients under 65 years of age, while there was a smaller increase in patients over 75 years of age. However, when untreated patients were excluded, patients over 75 years of age had a similar increase in survival to younger patients. In the Netherlands, survival for patients with aggressive B-cell lymphoma increased over time, particularly in younger patients, but also in elderly patients when treatment had been initiated. The improvement in survival coincided with the introduction of rituximab therapy and stem cell transplantation into clinical practice. PMID:25512643

  11. [Extensive cutaneous candidiasis revealing cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: 2 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, T; Ingen-Housz-Oro, S; Gaulier, A; Petit, A; Dubertret, L; Sigal-Grinberg, M

    2006-01-01

    During the course of immunodeficiency diseases, severe candidiasis can occur with extensive cutaneous and mucous membrane lesions. However, blood dyscrasias are very rarely revealed by diffuse candidiasis. We report two case of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma revealed by extensive and atypical cutaneous candidiasis. Case No. 1:A 72-year-old woman presented a pruritic rash of circinate, serpiginous patches on glabrous skin and skinfolds with multiple intertrigo and rapidly worsening palmoplantar keratoderma. All mycological skin specimens tested positive for Candida albicans. Histological examination of a biopsy sample from a serpiginous patch revealed the presence of fungal elements while palmoplantar keratoderma biopsy showed an epidermotropic lymphocytic infiltrate in the superficial dermis evocative of mycosis fungoides. Blood tests showed a white cell count of 28 600/mm3 with 14% circulating Sezary cells and a T-cell clone. The T-cell lymphoma was treated with methotrexate, but the disease worsened a few months later, progressing to CD30- large T-cell pleomorphic lymphoma. The patient died of severe sepsis. Case No 2:A 60-year-old man presented a macular rash over the face, trunk and skinfolds as well as erythematous scaly annular plaques of the glabrous skin with lymphadenopathy. Cultures of skin scrapings were all positive for Candida albicans. Blood tests showed a white cell count of 15 000/mm3 with 30% circulating Sezary cells. A trunk patch biopsy revealed the histological appearance of mycosis fungoides. There was a T-cell clone in the peripheral blood and skin. In both cases, the patients presented with widespread annular and erythematous scaly lesions of the glabrous skin and skinfolds with evidence of Candida albicans on fungal tests of all skin scrapings. The discovery of circulating Sezary cells on a systematic smear for hyperleukocytosis led us to suspect underlying cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, which was confirmed by biopsy of the skin lesions accompanying

  12. [Aggressive B-cell lymphomas of gastrointestinal tract: a clinicopathologic analysis of 54 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jun; Xia, Chun; Shen, Qin; Yin, Honglin; Zhang, Xinhua; Shi, Qunli; Zhou, Xiaojun; Ma, Jie

    2014-01-01

    To study the histological features, diagnosis, differential diagnoses of aggressive B-cell lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract and to correlate clinical prognosis with pathologic parameters and immunophenotypes with an emphasis on c-myc, Tcl-1 and CD38 expression and their values in predicting the status of c-myc gene translocation. Fifty-four cases of aggressive B-cell lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract with complete clinical and pathologic data were retrospectively collected. The clinical data, histologic and immunohistochemical findings and follow-up results were analyzed. Predictive immunohistochemical stains including c-myc, Tcl-1 and CD38 were performed and ROC curve analysis was used to confirm the accuracy of these markers in predicting c-myc translocation. Of 54 cases, there were 33 males and 21 females with median age of 56 years. Histological types of lymphomas included 49 cases of DLBCL (11 cases of germinal central B cell like and 38 cases of activated B cell like by Hans classification), 4 cases of DLBCL/BL and 1 case of BL. Eleven of 54 patients died within 97 months, with median survival of 42 months. Histologically, full-thickness infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract by large atypical cells with evident phagocytosis of karyorrhexis by macrophages ("starry sky") were seen in 18/54 cases. The lymphoma cells were positive for CD20 (54/54), CD79a (54/54), CD43 (4/54), CD5 (7/54), bcl-2 (26/54), Tcl-1 (17/54) and CD38 (15/54), but all negative for CD3 and CD30. The proliferative index by Ki-67 ranged from 40% to 100%. The univariate survival analysis indicated that B symptoms, general performance, high LDH, high IPI, distant metastasis, high clinical stage and tumors with over 90% of cells positive for c-myc were negative predictors for the patient's survival. In addition, cases of DLBCL positive for CD5 had an unfavorable prognosis. Cox regression analysis showed c-myc translocation, distant metastasis and high LDH were independent

  13. Procesos linfoides B cutáneos con patrón nodular Cutaneous B cell processes with nodular pattern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M. Chirife

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Los linfomas B cutáneos son neoplasias de bajo grado de malignidad y de pronóstico favorable. Aquellos con patrón nodular pueden ser: linfomas foliculares(LFC o linfomas marginales extranodales(LMC. Son difíciles de diferenciar entre sí y de procesos reactivos, como hiperplasias linfoides cutáneas(HLC. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar su incidencia y el valor de la histología e inmunomarcación en el diagnóstico diferencial. Se estudiaron 56 pacientes con procesos linfoides cutáneos, entre los años 1995-2004. Las biopsias fueron estudiadas con hematoxilina-eosina e inmunomarcación. De los 56 procesos linfoides cutáneos, 32 fueron de origen T (57.1% y 24 de origen B (42.8%. De estos últimos, diez (17.8% fueron procesos linfoides con patrón nodular. Se diagnosticaron cuatro LFC, tres LMC y tres HLC. Se observaron folículos confluentes con escaso manto y centros germinales con celularidad monomorfa en los LFC. En los LMC se vieron folículos con manto prominente y nidos de células monocitoides en el manto, zona interfolicular y en los centros germinales. En las HLC se observaron macrófagos con detritus en los centros germinales. En los LFC observamos CD20(+, CD10(+, bcl-2(+ ó (-, y bcl-6(+ en el F y en el área (IF. Los LMC fueron CD20(+, bcl-2(-, CD10(-/+ y bcl-6(+ en el F, y en el área IF fueron bcl-2(+, CD10(-/+ y bcl-6(-. Las HLC resultaron bcl-2(-, bcl-6(+ y CD10(- en el F y bcl-2(+, bcl-6(- y CD10(- en la zona interfolicular. Concluimos que los procesos linfoides B nodulares son infrecuentes. La histología y la inmunomarcación demostraron tener valor en el diagnóstico diferencial de estos linfomas y de lesiones hiperplásicas no tumorales reactivas.Cutaneous lymphomas are low grade malignant neoplasms with favourable prognosis. Those related to the germinal centre with nodular pattern may be: follicular lymphomas (LFC or extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas (LMC. They are difficult to tell apart, and from reactive

  14. Clinical and prognostic significance of aberrant T-cell marker expression in 225 cases of de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and 276 cases of other B-cell lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuyama, Naoko; Ennishi, Daisuke; Yokoyama, Masahiro; Baba, Satoko; Asaka, Reimi; Mishima, Yuko; Terui, Yasuhito; Hatake, Kiyohiko; Takeuchi, Kengo

    2017-01-01

    Expression of T-cell markers, generally investigated for immunophenotyping of T-cell lymphomas, is also observed in several types of B-cell lymphomas, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We previously reported that CD5 expression in DLBCL is an inferior prognostic factor in the era of rituximab. However, data regarding the frequencies, histological relevance, and prognostic importance of T-cell markers other than CD5 are currently unavailable. In the present study, we comprehensively evaluated the expression of T-cell markers (CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5, CD7, and CD8) in 501 B-cell lymphomas, including 225 DLBCLs, by flow cytometry and subsequent immunohistochemistry. T-cell markers other than CD5, such as CD2, CD4, CD7, and CD8, were expressed in 27 (5%) patients, and notably, all of these cases were classified as large B-cell lymphoma subtypes: 25 DLBCLs and 2 intravascular large B-cell lymphomas. CD5 and other T-cell markers were expressed in 15% (31/225) and 10% (25/225) of DLBCL cases, respectively. Five of them co-expressed CD5 and other T-cell markers. Retrospectively analyzing the prognostic relevance of T-cell markers in 169 patients with primary DLBCL treated with rituximab-based chemotherapy, we showed that only CD5 was a strong predictor of poor survival. This study provides information about the occurrence of T-cell markers other than CD5 in B-cell lymphomas, their frequent histological subtypes, and their prognostic significance in DLBCL. CD5 was reconfirmed as a negative prognostic marker in DLBCL patients receiving rituximab-inclusive chemotherapy, whereas T-cell markers other than CD5 were found to have no impact on clinicopathological and survival analyses. PMID:28380441

  15. Patients' Illness Perception as a Tool to Improve Individual Disease Management in Primary Cutaneous Lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porkert, Stefanie; Lehner-Baumgartner, Eva; Valencak, Julia; Knobler, Robert; Riedl, Elisabeth; Jonak, Constanze

    2018-02-07

    The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) has been shown to assess illness perception reproducibly in primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL). Illness perception reflects patients' individual concepts of understanding and interpretation of the disease, influencing illness behaviour and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study investigated the clinical relevance of the relationships between illness perception, illness behaviour, and HRQOL in CTCL and cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (CBCL). A total of 92 patients completed the IPQ-R, the Scale for the Assessment of Illness Behavior (SAIB), and a skin-specific HRQOL tool (Skindex-29). Data on illness behaviour were not evidently related to illness perception, whereas illness perception was significantly associated with HRQOL. Both, IPQ-R and HRQOL results correlated with disease entity, stage, and socio-demographics. Only IPQ-R results provided practical information on patients' needs to train personal coping strategies. IPQ-R assessment in CTCL and CBCL might be a useful instrument to improve individual disease management.

  16. Pachyderma in Primary Cutaneous NK and T-Cell Lymphoma and Leukemia Cutis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eve Lebas

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pachyderma is defined as severely thickened skin with deep folds and is occasionally observed with primary cutaneous NK and T-cell lymphoma (pCNKTCL, primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (pCBCL, and leukemia cutis (LC. Aim: To describe the clinical, histological, and therapeutic particularities of a series of pCNKTCL, pCBCL, and LC patients with pachyderma. Results: In a series of pCNKTCL (n = 70, pCBCL (n = 12, and LC (n = 2 patients followed up during 9 years, 6 cases of pachyderma were observed. Pachyderma occurred on the arms (n = 2, thighs (n = 1, forehead (n = 1, and face (n = 2. The mean age of the patients was 69 years (51–82. The stages were erythrodermic (T4 mycosis fungoides (MF (n = 1, folliculotropic MF (FMF (n = 2, classic (T2 MF (n = 2, and chronic myeloid leukemia (n = 1. The erythrodermic MF patient with acute pachyderma on the right arm responded rapidly to oral steroids. The other cases were indolent, appeared progressively, and were highly treatment resistant. Histology revealed dense dermal neoplastic infiltration. The immunohistological profile of the pachydermic lesions was similar to common MF and LC. Conclusion: Pachyderma is an atypical manifestation of MF and LC and may occur on the face (FMF or the extremities (MF. The rapidly appearing pachyderma may be transitory and responds readily to oral steroids.

  17. Silicon Phthalocyanine 4 and Photodynamic Therapy in Stage IA-IIA Cutaneous T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-03

    Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage I Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IA Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IB Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage II Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IIA Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome

  18. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the urinary bladder with synchronous rectum invasion: A rare case report

    OpenAIRE

    AKTIMUR, Sude Hatun; ALAYVAZ ASLAN, Nevin; ONEM, Soner; BUYUKKAYA, Piltan; CETIN, Hasan; OZDEN, Ender; ATAY, Memis Hilmi

    2016-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) are a heterogeneous group of malignant neoplasms appeared in the lymphocyte cell lines, accounting for approximately 25-30% of lymphoma cases. The occurrence of primary urinary bladder or rectal lymphomas synchronously is uncommon, also first presenting sign of disseminated disease in bladder or rectum are considerably rare. Here, we report the first case of extensive DLBCL in bladder and rectum synchronously mimicking primary urinary bladder lymphoma i...

  19. Prospective clinical study of R-CMD therapy for indolent B cell lymphoma and mantle cell lymphoma from the Hokuriku Hematology Oncology Study Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakai, Tomoyuki; Masaki, Yasufumi; Otsuki, Nozomi; Sakamaki, Ippei; Kishi, Shinji; Miyazono, Takayoshi; Urasaki, Yoshimasa; Murakami, Jun; Satoh, Tomomi; Nakamura, Takuji; Iwao, Haruka; Nakajima, Akio; Kawanami, Takafumi; Miki, Miyuki; Fujita, Yoshimasa; Tanaka, Masao; Fukushima, Toshihiro; Okazaki, Toshiro; Ueda, Takanori

    2015-09-01

    Standardized treatments for indolent B cell lymphoma primarily consisting of follicular lymphoma (FL) and for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) have yet to be established. Here the Hokuriku Hematology Oncology Study Group conducted a multicenter prospective study to investigate the efficacy and safety of a combination regimen of rituximab, cladribine, mitoxantrone, and dexamethasone (R-CMD) in indolent B cell lymphoma and MCL. A total of 33 CD20-positive patients who received care between January 2008 and August 2011 were investigated. These patients' illnesses were FL (n = 21), nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma (NMZB, n = 3), MCL (n = 3), splenic marginal zone B cell lymphoma (n = 2), hairy cell leukemia (n = 1), Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM, n = 1), and lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL, n = 2). Patients received four 21-day cycles of rituximab 375 mg/m(2) (day 1), cladribine 0.10 mg/kg (days 1-3), mitoxantrone 8 mg/m(2) (day 1), and dexamethasone 8 mg/body (days 1-3), with four additional rituximab doses at 4-week intervals. Of the 33 patients, 26 achieved complete response/unconfirmed complete response, and six achieved a partial response (4 with FL, 1 with NMZB, 1 with WM). One had progressive disease (FL), and four relapsed after remission (1 with FL, 2 with MCL, 1 with LPL). R-CMD therapy was relatively convenient and effective in indolent B cell lymphoma and MCL. Nonetheless, to suppress the number and function of both B cells and T cells, comprehensive infection prevention and follow-up are necessary in the future.

  20. Outcomes in refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: results from the international SCHOLAR-1 study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crump, Michael; Neelapu, Sattva S; Farooq, Umar; Van Den Neste, Eric; Kuruvilla, John; Westin, Jason; Link, Brian K; Hay, Annette; Cerhan, James R; Zhu, Liting; Boussetta, Sami; Feng, Lei; Maurer, Matthew J; Navale, Lynn; Wiezorek, Jeff; Go, William Y; Gisselbrecht, Christian

    2017-10-19

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Although 5-year survival rates in the first-line setting range from 60% to 70%, up to 50% of patients become refractory to or relapse after treatment. Published analyses of large-scale outcome data from patients with refractory DLBCL are limited. SCHOLAR-1, an international, multicohort retrospective non-Hodgkin lymphoma research study, retrospectively evaluated outcomes in patients with refractory DLBCL which, for this study, was defined as progressive disease or stable disease as best response at any point during chemotherapy (>4 cycles of first-line or 2 cycles of later-line therapy) or relapsed at ≤12 months from autologous stem cell transplantation. SCHOLAR-1 pooled data from 2 phase 3 clinical trials (Lymphoma Academic Research Organization-CORAL and Canadian Cancer Trials Group LY.12) and 2 observational cohorts (MD Anderson Cancer Center and University of Iowa/Mayo Clinic Lymphoma Specialized Program of Research Excellence). Response rates and overall survival were estimated from the time of initiation of salvage therapy for refractory disease. Among 861 patients, 636 were included on the basis of refractory disease inclusion criteria. For patients with refractory DLBCL, the objective response rate was 26% (complete response rate, 7%) to the next line of therapy, and the median overall survival was 6.3 months. Twenty percent of patients were alive at 2 years. Outcomes were consistently poor across patient subgroups and study cohorts. SCHOLAR-1 is the largest patient-level pooled retrospective analysis to characterize response rates and survival for a population of patients with refractory DLBCL. © 2017 by The American Society of Hematology.

  1. Immunotherapy for B-cell lymphoma: current status and prospective advances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurit eHollander

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Therapy for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has progressed significantly over the last decades. However, the majority of patients remain incurable, and novel therapies are needed. Because immunotherapy ideally offers target selectivity, an ever increasing number of immunotherapies, both passive and active, are undergoing development. The champion of passive immunotherapy to date is the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab that revolutionized the standard of care for lymphoma. The great success of rituximab catalyzed the development of new passive immunotherapy strategies that are currently undergoing clinical evaluation. These include improvement of rituximab efficacy, newer generation anti-CD20 antibodies, drug-conjugated and radiolabelled anti-CD20 antibodies, monoclonal antibodies targeting non-CD20 lymphoma antigens, and bispecific antibodies. Active immunotherapy aims at inducing long-lasting antitumor immunity, thereby limiting the likelihood of relapse. Current clinical studies of active immunotherapy for lymphoma consist largely of vaccination and immune checkpoint blockade. A variety of protein- and cell-based vaccines are being tested in ongoing clinical studies. Recently completed phase III clinical trials of an idiotype protein vaccine suggest that the vaccine may have clinical activity in a subset of patients. Efforts to enhance the efficacy of active immunotherapy are ongoing with an emphasis on optimization of antigen delivery and presentation of vaccines and modulation of the immune system toward counteracting immunosuppression, using antibodies against immune regulatory checkpoints. This article discusses results of the various immunotherapy approaches applied to date for B-cell lymphoma and the ongoing trials to improve their effect.

  2. Primary cardiac lymphoblastic B-cell lymphoma: Should we treat more intensively?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Ivando Pires Ferreira Filho

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL is a rare neoplasm, the majority of cases of which are non-Hodgkin′s, diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL. We report the first case of an adult with PCL B-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma whose disease evolution was grim. A 52-year-old male reported dyspnea and facial swelling lasting for 4 months and upon a physical examination he presented bradycardia, jugular venous engorgement, and hypophonesis of cardiac sounds. An electrocardiography (Echo revealed a right atrial mass and nodules at the pericardium. The patient was treated with R-Hyper-CVAD (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone and presented very short remission. At this time, we used R-ICE (rituximab plus ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide chemotherapy and the patient underwent complete remission after two courses and received autologous bone marrow transplantation (auto-BMT. After 75 days of follow-up, the patient reported dyspnea and a new Echo showed a recurrence of the disease. The patient died due to cardiac failure. PCL is a rare disease with an unfavorable prognosis and a prompt diagnosis and treatment are fundamental to survival. We believe that more intensive therapies, such as auto-BMT, should be considered as a first treatment option.

  3. The Role of EBV in the Pathogenesis of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Jane A; Dave, Sandeep S

    2015-01-01

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is a common feature of B cell lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs), including diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Approximately 10 % of DLBCLs are EBV-positive, with the highest incidence in immunocompromised and elderly patients. Here, we review the clinical, genetic, and pathologic characteristics of DLBCL and discuss the molecular role of EBV in lymphoma tumorigenesis. Using EBV-positive DLBCL of the elderly as a model, we describe the key features of EBV-positive DLBCL. Studies of EBV-positive DLBCL of the elderly demonstrate that EBV-positive DLBCL has a distinct biology, related to both viral and host factors. The pathogenic mechanisms noted in EBV-positive DLBCL of the elderly, including enhanced NFκB activity, are likely to be a generalizable feature of EBV-positive DLBCL. Therefore, we review how this information might be used to target the EBV or its host response for the development of novel treatment strategies.

  4. Alternative V kappa gene rearrangements in a murine B cell lymphoma. An explantation for idiotypic heterogeneity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, W L; Starnes, C O; Levy, R; Levy, S

    1988-11-01

    Idiotype variants of 38C13, a murine B cell lymphoma, have been isolated by immunoselection with antiidiotype mAbs. The V region genes for the kappa light chains and mu heavy chains expressed by these tumor cells were sequenced and compared. There was no evidence for V region somatic point mutation in this tumor. However, while the heavy chain genes were all identical, the light chain genes were all different. The light chain genes of each variant were derived from the V kappa-Ox1 gene family and joined to J kappa 4, whereas the light chain gene of the parental tumor was derived from the V kappa 9 family and joined to J kappa 2. Two of the variants used the identical V kappa gene but differed by the inclusion of a variable number of additional nucleotides in the V/J joint. Thus, the idiotypic heterogeneity of this B cell lymphoma arises as a consequence of alternative light chain rearrangements rather than point mutation. This process repetitively uses members of the same V kappa gene family. Two of the variants use the identical V kappa and J kappa gene segments but differ by the presence of extra nucleotides at the V kappa/J kappa joint.

  5. Multifocal primary cutaneous extranodal NK/T lymphoma nasal type*

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Vasconcelos, Pedro; Ferreira, Cristina; Soares-Almeida, Luís; Filipe, Paulo

    2016-01-01

    Nasal type extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma is a distinct entity according to the World Health Organization classification. Although 60% to 90% of patients with this disease present with a destructive mass in the midline facial tissues, it may also primarily or secondarily involve extranasal sites, like the skin. We report the case of a 77-year-old patient that came to our department with erythematous plaques of the right leg and eczematous lesions of the trunk. These lesions were biopsied and the patient was diagnosed with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type. He was treated with multi-agent systemic chemotherapy but died 5 months after diagnosis. This case highlights the rarity and variability of cutaneous features of this disease and its aggressive course and poor prognosis. PMID:27192524

  6. Imaging cutaneous T-Cell lymphoma with optical coherence tomography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ring, H.C.; Hansen Stamp, I.M.; Jemec, G.B.E.

    2012-01-01

    .13 mm. A good immediate correlation was found between histology and OCT imaging of the sample. Conclusion: The aetiology of the elongated structures is thought to be lymphomatous infiltrates. Similar findings have been described in ocular lymphoma and may therefore be an important characteristic......Aim: To investigate the presentation of a patch-stage cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: A patient with a patch caused by CTCL was photographed digitally, OCT-scanned and biopsied. A normal skin area adjacent to the patch was OCT......-scanned for comparison, but not biopsied. The OCT image and the histological image were compared. Results: The OCT images illustrated a thickened and hyperreflective stratum corneum. OCT also demonstrated several elongated hyporeflective structures in the dermis. The largest structure was measured to have a width of 0...

  7. Aberrantly Expressed OTX Homeobox Genes Deregulate B-Cell Differentiation in Hodgkin Lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Nagel

    Full Text Available In Hodgkin lymphoma (HL we recently reported that deregulated homeobox gene MSX1 mediates repression of the B-cell specific transcription factor ZHX2. In this study we investigated regulation of MSX1 in this B-cell malignancy. Accordingly, we analyzed expression and function of OTX homeobox genes which activate MSX1 transcription during embryonal development in the neural plate border region. Our data demonstrate that OTX1 and OTX2 are aberrantly expressed in both HL patients and cell lines. Moreover, both OTX loci are targeted by genomic gains in overexpressing cell lines. Comparative expression profiling and subsequent pathway modulations in HL cell lines indicated that aberrantly enhanced FGF2-signalling activates the expression of OTX2. Downstream analyses of OTX2 demonstrated transcriptional activation of genes encoding transcription factors MSX1, FOXC1 and ZHX1. Interestingly, examination of the physiological expression profile of ZHX1 in normal hematopoietic cells revealed elevated levels in T-cells and reduced expression in B-cells, indicating a discriminatory role in lymphopoiesis. Furthermore, two OTX-negative HL cell lines overexpressed ZHX1 in correlation with genomic amplification of its locus at chromosomal band 8q24, supporting the oncogenic potential of this gene in HL. Taken together, our data demonstrate that deregulated homeobox genes MSX1 and OTX2 respectively impact transcriptional inhibition of (B-cell specific ZHX2 and activation of (T-cell specific ZHX1. Thus, we show how reactivation of a specific embryonal gene regulatory network promotes disturbed B-cell differentiation in HL.

  8. Secondary infiltration of the central nervous system in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talita Maira Bueno da Silveira da Rocha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of infiltration of the central nervous system after the initial treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in patients treated at Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo. METHODS: A total of 133 patients treated for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma from January 2001 to April 2008 were retrospectively analyzed in respect to the incidence and risk factors of secondary central nervous system involvement of lymphoma. Intrathecal prophylaxis was not a standard procedure for patients considered to be at risk. This analysis includes patients whether they received rituximab as first-line treatment or not. RESULTS: Nine of 133 (6.7% patients developed central nervous system disease after a mean observation time of 29 months. The median time to relapse or progression was 7.9 months after diagnosis and all but one patient died despite the treatment administered. Twenty-six (19.5% patients of this cohort received rituximab as first-line treatment and nine (7.1% received intrathecal chemoprophylaxis. Of the nine patients that relapsed, seven (77.7% had parenchymal central nervous system involvement; seven (77.7% had stage III or IV disease; one (11.1% had bone marrow involvement; two (22.2% had received intrathecal chemoprophylaxis; and 3 (33.3% had taken rituximab. In a multivariate analysis, the risk factors for this infiltration were being male, previous use of intrathecal chemotherapy and patients that were refractory to initial treatment. CONCLUSION: Central nervous system infiltration in this cohort is similar to that of previous reports in the literature. As this was a small cohort with a rare event, only three risk factors were important for this infiltration

  9. Successes, failures and new perspectives of idiotypic vaccination for B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraro, Elena; Martorelli, Debora; Dolcetti, Riccardo

    2013-05-01

    The idiotype of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas has been intensively investigated for its proven immunogenicity as a promising cancer vaccine. Indeed, available data clearly indicate that these vaccines are able to induce tumor-specific immune responses and molecular remissions in patients with follicular lymphoma. However, only one of the three phase III trials performed so far demonstrated a prolonged disease-free survival in vaccinated patients. The observed failures have been mainly ascribed to defects in the study design and not to the limited efficacy of idiotype vaccines per se. Therefore, innovative and optimized idiotype-based vaccine formulations are being developed in order to overcome current limitations and improve the clinical benefit of this immunotherapeutic strategy. Among the most promising advances, the development of "off-the-shelf" vaccines appears of particular relevance, being potentially able to overcome the limitations related to the complex, time-consuming and expensive production of the individualized idiotypic vaccines currently used. Moreover, there is a pressing need to identify biomarkers suitable for the identification of the subset of patients who are most likely to benefit from vaccination. Recent findings also indicate that idiotypic vaccines may be safely and successfully used in additional clinical settings, including lymphoma patients after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation.

  10. Capgras syndrome associated with limbic encephalitis in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, Herval Ribeiro; Cavalcante, Wagner Cid Palmeira; Martins, Sebastião Nunes; Smid, Jerusa; Nitrini, Ricardo

    2016-01-01

    We report the case of a patient with insidious onset and slowly progressive cognitive impairment, behavioral symptoms, temporal lobe seizures and delusional thoughts typical of delusional misidentification syndromes. Clinical presentation along with extensive diagnostic work-up revealed limbic encephalitis secondary to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient underwent immunotherapy with high-dose corticosteroid but no significant improvement was observed. No specific treatment for lymphoma was performed because the patient died of septic shock following a nosocomial respiratory infection. Delusional misidentification syndromes are an unusual and unique form of cognitive impairment in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Capgras syndrome is the most common subtype of this disorder, being defined by the recurrent and transient belief that someone close has been substituted by an imposter. These entities are generally associated with neurodegenerative diseases and psychiatric disturbances. Rare reports of associations between misidentification syndromes and autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis have been published, but no papers address a correlation with limbic encephalitis or lymphoma.

  11. Capgras syndrome associated with limbic encephalitis in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herval Ribeiro Soares Neto

    Full Text Available We report the case of a patient with insidious onset and slowly progressive cognitive impairment, behavioral symptoms, temporal lobe seizures and delusional thoughts typical of delusional misidentification syndromes. Clinical presentation along with extensive diagnostic work-up revealed limbic encephalitis secondary to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient underwent immunotherapy with high-dose corticosteroid but no significant improvement was observed. No specific treatment for lymphoma was performed because the patient died of septic shock following a nosocomial respiratory infection. Delusional misidentification syndromes are an unusual and unique form of cognitive impairment in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Capgras syndrome is the most common subtype of this disorder, being defined by the recurrent and transient belief that someone close has been substituted by an imposter. These entities are generally associated with neurodegenerative diseases and psychiatric disturbances. Rare reports of associations between misidentification syndromes and autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis have been published, but no papers address a correlation with limbic encephalitis or lymphoma.

  12. Frequent disruption of the RB1 pathway in diffuse large B cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Michael Boe; Kania, P W; Ino, Y

    2000-01-01

    In the present study, we analysed 34 de novo diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLCL) from a population-based lymphoma registry for alterations of the RB1 pathway at the genetic (RB1 and CDK4) and protein (pRb, cyclin D1, cyclin D3, CDK4, and E2F-1) level. The results were correlated with the data from...... our previous studies of CDKN2A deletion and hypermethylation, other p53 pathway components, p27Kip1 expression, and proliferation, as well as with clinical outcome, including prognosis. We found aberrant pRb expression in four (12%) of 34 DLCLs. One of these had a point mutation in intron 3 10 bp...... downstream of exon 3 generating a novel splice signal. Seven tumours (21%) showed cyclin D3 overexpression, including all three thyroid lymphomas (P = 0.006). Cyclin D3 overexpression and p16INK4A/pRb aberrations were mutually exclusive, supporting an oncogenic role for cyclin D3 in DLCL. p16INK4A...

  13. Specific regulation of c-myc oncogene expression in a murine B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormack, J E; Pepe, V H; Kent, R B; Dean, M; Marshak-Rothstein, A; Sonenshein, G E

    1984-01-01

    The c-myc oncogene has been implicated in a wide spectrum of B-cell neoplasias. In normal cells, the level of expression of the c-myc gene correlates with growth status. In the present study, we examined the effect of receptor-mediated inhibition of growth on c-myc expression in a B-cell lymphoma. The murine lymphoma line WEHI 231 has been characterized as an early B cell; it bears surface-bound IgM and has unrearranged c-myc genes. Following treatment of a WEHI 231 culture with anti-mouse Ig antiserum, the cells undergo one round of division and further proliferation is inhibited. We observed that this treatment specifically affected cytoplasmic levels of c-myc mRNA. An initial early increase is followed by a precipitous drop such that by 4 hr (after exposure) the amount of c-myc mRNA is below control values by a factor of approximately equal to 10. The drop in c-myc precedes cessation of DNA synthesis. During the 2- to 4-hr period, c-myc mRNA had a maximal half-life of between 20 and 30 min. In contrast, even 24 hr after anti-Ig exposure, the amounts of most major mRNAs, including mu heavy chain and actin, were not significantly altered. These results indicate that expression of an unrearranged c-myc gene can be selectively responsive to receptor-mediated regulatory events. Images PMID:6206500

  14. Continuously expanding CAR NK-92 cells display selective cytotoxicity against B-cell leukemia and lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oelsner, Sarah; Friede, Miriam E; Zhang, Congcong; Wagner, Juliane; Badura, Susanne; Bader, Peter; Ullrich, Evelyn; Ottmann, Oliver G; Klingemann, Hans; Tonn, Torsten; Wels, Winfried S

    2017-02-01

    Natural killer (NK) cells can rapidly respond to transformed and stressed cells and represent an important effector cell type for adoptive immunotherapy. In addition to donor-derived primary NK cells, continuously expanding cytotoxic cell lines such as NK-92 are being developed for clinical applications. To enhance their therapeutic utility for the treatment of B-cell malignancies, we engineered NK-92 cells by lentiviral gene transfer to express chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) that target CD19 and contain human CD3ζ (CAR 63.z), composite CD28-CD3ζ or CD137-CD3ζ signaling domains (CARs 63.28.z and 63.137.z). Exposure of CD19-positive targets to CAR NK-92 cells resulted in formation of conjugates between NK and cancer cells, NK-cell degranulation and selective cytotoxicity toward established B-cell leukemia and lymphoma cells. Likewise, the CAR NK cells displayed targeted cell killing of primary pre-B-ALL blasts that were resistant to parental NK-92. Although all three CAR NK-92 cell variants were functionally active, NK-92/63.137.z cells were less effective than NK-92/63.z and NK-92/63.28.z in cell killing and cytokine production, pointing to differential effects of the costimulatory CD28 and CD137 domains. In a Raji B-cell lymphoma model in NOD-SCID IL2R γnull mice, treatment with NK-92/63.z cells, but not parental NK-92 cells, inhibited disease progression, indicating that selective cytotoxicity was retained in vivo. Our data demonstrate that it is feasible to generate CAR-engineered NK-92 cells with potent and selective antitumor activity. These cells may become clinically useful as a continuously expandable off-the-shelf cell therapeutic agent. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Are We Ready To Stratify Treatment for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Using Molecular Hallmarks?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Sarah; Hawkes, Eliza A.; Wotherspoon, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    The division of the heterogeneous entity of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) into the ontogenic phenotypes of germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) and activated B-cell-like (ABC) is optimally determined by gene expression profiling (GEP), although simpler immunohistochemistry (IHC) algorithms are alternatively being used. The cell-of-origin (COO) classification assists in prognostication and may be predictive of response to therapy. Mounting data suggests that IHC methods of classifying COO may be inaccurate. GEP categorization of COO is superior in defining prognostically and biologically distinct DLBCL subtypes, but current barriers to its widescale use include inaccessibility, cost, and lack of methodological standardization and prospective validation. The poorer prognosis of ABC-DLBCL is frequently associated with constitutive activity in the NF-κB pathway and aberrations in upstream or downstream regulators of this pathway. The molecular mechanisms underlying lymphomagenesis in GCB-DLBCL are arguably less well defined, but C-REL amplification and mutations in BCL-2 and EZH2 are common. New technologies, such as next-generation sequencing, are rapidly revealing novel pathogenic genetic aberrations, and DLBCL treatment strategies are increasingly being designed focusing on distinctive pathogenic drivers within ontogenic phenotypes. This review examines emerging molecular targets and novel therapeutic agents in DLBCL, and discusses whether stratifying therapy for DLBCL using molecular features is merited by current preclinical and clinical evidence. PMID:23086691

  16. Primary Intra-aortic Epstein-Barr Virus-Positive Large B-Cell Lymphoma Presenting as Aortic Mural Thrombosis: An Entity Distinct From Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakao, Ryuta; Sakashita, Aki; Omoto, Atsushi; Sato, Osamu; Hino, Yoko; Yanagisawa, Akio; Urata, Yoji

    2017-12-01

    Intravascular selective growth of neoplastic B lymphocytes is a characteristic finding of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL). However, because neoplastic B cells of IVLBCL grow merely in the lumina of capillaries or small vessels, primary IVLBCL of the great vessels is considered exceptional. To our knowledge, only 2 primary B-cell lymphomas in the lumina of the vena cava have been reported. However, there has been no report of primary B-cell lymphoma with intra-aortic growth. We describe a novel manifestation of primary Epstein-Barr virus-positive large B-cell lymphoma mainly affecting the lumina of the aorta and its major branches in a 76-year-old man. He had a long-term fever that was refractory to antibiotics and aortic mural thrombosis with visceral embolization. Because he had no detectable mass suggesting a malignancy, it was difficult to diagnose while he was alive. He died without anticancer treatment, and the confirmed diagnosis was made at autopsy.

  17. Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma or lymphomatoid granulomatosis grade 3: a still-puzzling diagnosis in autopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Primary lung lymphoma is a rare entity accounting for approximately 0.3% of all primary neoplasia of the lung and includes diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL and lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG. Considering that clinical features may be similar, whereas epidemiology, morphology, and radiological features are different, the authors report a case of a middle-aged man who presented multiple pulmonary nodules in the lower lobes and ground-glass opacities scattered bilaterally on computed tomography. Clinically, he presented a consumptive syndrome with respiratory failure and pleurisy, which progressed until death. The autopsy findings were consistent with lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG grade 3/ diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL. The authors call attention to the difficulty of establishing an accurate diagnosis, mainly when the demonstration of EBV-infected atypical B-cells fails.

  18. Oncogenic properties of apoptotic tumor cells in aggressive B cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Catriona A; Petrova, Sofia; Pound, John D; Voss, Jorine J L P; Melville, Lynsey; Paterson, Margaret; Farnworth, Sarah L; Gallimore, Awen M; Cuff, Simone; Wheadon, Helen; Dobbin, Edwina; Ogden, Carol Anne; Dumitriu, Ingrid E; Dunbar, Donald R; Murray, Paul G; Ruckerl, Dominik; Allen, Judith E; Hume, David A; van Rooijen, Nico; Goodlad, John R; Freeman, Tom C; Gregory, Christopher D

    2015-03-02

    Cells undergoing apoptosis are known to modulate their tissue microenvironments. By acting on phagocytes, notably macrophages, apoptotic cells inhibit immunological and inflammatory responses and promote trophic signaling pathways. Paradoxically, because of their potential to cause death of tumor cells and thereby militate against malignant disease progression, both apoptosis and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are often associated with poor prognosis in cancer. We hypothesized that, in progression of malignant disease, constitutive loss of a fraction of the tumor cell population through apoptosis could yield tumor-promoting effects. Here, we demonstrate that apoptotic tumor cells promote coordinated tumor growth, angiogenesis, and accumulation of TAMs in aggressive B cell lymphomas. Through unbiased "in situ transcriptomics" analysis-gene expression profiling of laser-captured TAMs to establish their activation signature in situ-we show that these cells are activated to signal via multiple tumor-promoting reparatory, trophic, angiogenic, tissue remodeling, and anti-inflammatory pathways. Our results also suggest that apoptotic lymphoma cells help drive this signature. Furthermore, we demonstrate that, upon induction of apoptosis, lymphoma cells not only activate expression of the tumor-promoting matrix metalloproteinases MMP2 and MMP12 in macrophages but also express and process these MMPs directly. Finally, using a model of malignant melanoma, we show that the oncogenic potential of apoptotic tumor cells extends beyond lymphoma. In addition to its profound tumor-suppressive role, apoptosis can potentiate cancer progression. These results have important implications for understanding the fundamental biology of cell death, its roles in malignant disease, and the broader consequences of apoptosis-inducing anti-cancer therapy. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  19. Treatment of B-cells non-Hodgkin lymphomas with combined immunochemotherapy: ability to treatment optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Smirnova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The results of two consecutive multicenter clinical trials enrolled 241 patient with childhood mature B-cells non-Hodgkin lymphomas/leukemia are presented. Patients received treatment according B-NHL 2004mab protocol (n = 83 and B-NHL 2010M (n = 158 with combined immunochemotherapy (ICT in Russian and Belarus pediatric clinics from 2004 to 2015 years. Primary patients with different mature B-NHL (Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL and PMBCL aged from 2 to 18 years are included in the studies.Protocol B-NHL 2004mab for treatment of children and adolescents with B-NHL/B-AL, stage III and IV, includes a combination of chemotherapy (PCT and rituximab – an antibody against the B-cells receptor CD20. PCT courses similar to those in the B-NHL BFM90 protocol (group III with the exception of methotrexate dose in induction courses, reduced to 1 g/m2 /24 h in order to reduce toxicity. Rituximab (Mabthera, 375 mg/m2 /h used for the first time in the treatment of children and adolescents with B-NHL. Of the 83 patients included, clinical remission was achieved in 77 (92.8 %. With a median follow time of 51.6 months, remission continued in 23 (85.2 % patients with B-AL, in 32 (88.9 % patients with LB and 19 (95.0 % patients – with DLBCL. With median follow time of 65.2 months, event-free and overall survival was 84 ± 6 and 82 ± 8 %, respectively.Based on previous experience in order to further optimize B-NHL treatment, new protocol B-NHL 2010M with effect-adapted therapy and improvement of stratification risk group criteria was proposed. Overall survival in patients of 1st and 2nd risk groups with full implementation of diagnosis and treatment is approaching 100 %. In interim analysis of 3rd risk group patients, pOS was 88 ± 3 %. The incidence of induction death (infections, metabolic complications remains within 2.7 % (n = 4; refractory cases (n = 2; 1.3 % and relapses (n = 4; 2

  20. FOXP1 suppresses immune response signatures and MHC class II expression in activated B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brown, P J; Wong, K K; Felce, S L

    2016-01-01

    The FOXP1 (forkhead box P1) transcription factor is a marker of poor prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Here microarray analysis of FOXP1-silenced DLBCL cell lines identified differential regulation of immune response signatures and major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC II......) genes as some of the most significant differences between germinal center B-cell (GCB)-like DLBCL with full-length FOXP1 protein expression versus activated B-cell (ABC)-like DLBCL expressing predominantly short FOXP1 isoforms. In an independent primary DLBCL microarray data set, multiple MHC II genes......, including human leukocyte antigen DR alpha chain (HLA-DRA), were inversely correlated with FOXP1 transcript expression (PDLBCL cells led to increased cell-surface expression of HLA-DRA and CD74. In R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone...

  1. A Rare Case of Gastric Variceal Hemorrhage Secondary to Infiltrative B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrienne Lenhart

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Portal hypertension commonly arises in the setting of advanced liver cirrhosis and is the consequence of increased resistance within the portal vasculature. Less commonly, left-sided noncirrhotic portal hypertension can develop in a patient secondary to isolated obstruction of the splenic vein. We present a rare case of left-sided portal hypertension and isolated gastric varices in a patient with large B-cell lymphoma, who was treated with splenic artery embolization. The patient is a 73-year-old male with no previous history of liver disease, who presented with coffee ground emesis and melena. On admission to hospital, he was found to have a hemoglobin level of 3.4 g/l. Emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed isolated bleeding gastric varices (IGV1 by Sarin classification in the fundus and cardia with subsequent argon plasma coagulation injection. He was transferred to our tertiary center where work-up revealed normal liver function tests, and abdominal ultrasound showed patent hepatic/portal vasculature without cirrhosis. MRI demonstrated a large heterogeneously enhancing mass in the pancreatic tail, with invasion into the spleen and associated splenic vein thrombosis. Surgery consultation was obtained, but urgent splenectomy was not recommended. The patient instead underwent splenic artery embolization to prevent future bleeding from his known gastric varices. Pathology from a CT-guided biopsy was consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. PET imaging showed uptake in the splenic hilum/pancreatic tail region with no additional metastatic involvement. He was evaluated by the Hematology Department to initiate R-CHOP chemotherapy. During his outpatient follow-up, he reported no further episodes of melena or hematemesis. To the best of our knowledge, there have only been two published case reports of large B-cell lymphoma causing upper gastrointestinal bleeding from isolated gastric varices. These cases were treated with splenectomy or

  2. Primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified with an indolent clinical course: a distinct peripheral T-cell lymphoma?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ryan, A J A

    2012-02-01

    Primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTL), unspecified, are rare lymphomas, with a poor prognosis. They grow and disseminate rapidly, leading to widespread disease. We report a case of PTL, unspecified occurring on the nose. Despite its aggressive histology, this tumour behaved indolently. It is remarkably similar, clinically and histologically, to four recently described cases that occurred on the ear.

  3. Successful treatment of mature B-cell lymphoma with rituximab-based chemotherapy in a patient with Bloom syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jastaniah, Wasil

    2017-07-01

    This report presents a case of Bloom syndrome (BS) in a consanguineous Saudi family. The patient, an 11-year-old male with mature B-cell lymphoma, had minimal therapeutic response and significant dose-limiting toxicity with standard chemotherapy treatment. He later responded successfully to a rituximab-based chemotherapy protocol. This case highlights that the rituximab-based chemotherapy protocol is an effective and safe treatment alternative for mature B-cell lymphoma in patients with BS. Further trials are warranted to investigate this modality of treatment. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Tracheal ulcer due to Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Takeo; Fujisaki, Hideaki; Nishio, Suehiro; Hiroshige, Shigeo; Miyazaki, Eishi; Kadota, Jun-ichi

    2014-03-01

    A 74-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of a tracheal stenosis circumscribed with soft tissue density and a left pulmonary nodule. Open biopsy of a right submandibular lymph node revealed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and the malignant cells were positive for Epstein-Barr virus gene products. Bronchofiberscopy revealed a tracheal necrotizing ulcer. After chemotherapy, the tracheal ulcer resolved. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a case of Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the elderly with a tracheal ulcer. © 2013 Published by The Japanese Respiratory Society on behalf of The Japanese Respiratory Society.

  5. CD7 Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Arising in a Background of Follicular Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Vali Betts

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL is a neoplasm of large B-lymphocytes with a diffuse growth pattern. The neoplastic cells express B-cell markers such as CD20 and PAX-5 and there may be coexpression of BCL-2, BCL-6, CD10, and MUM-1. With the exception of CD5, other T-cell markers are not commonly expressed in this neoplasm. Here, we describe the first reported case of a DLBCL with abnormal expression CD7 arising in a background of follicular lymphoma in an 81-year-old male who presented with a nontender left axillary mass. Additionally, no other T-cell antigens were expressed in this B-cell lymphoma. Expression of CD7 in DLBCL is exceptionally rare and its prognostic significance is unknown. Here, we describe this rare case with review of literature of known DLBCLs with expression of T-cell antigens.

  6. Flavopiridol in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoma or Multiple Myeloma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-27

    Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Multiple Myeloma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Multiple Myeloma; Stage II Multiple Myeloma; Stage III Multiple Myeloma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  7. Evolution of frontline treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a brief review and recent update

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, Jung Yong; Suh, Cheolwon; Kim, Won Seog

    2016-01-01

    Various strategies have been implemented to improve the outcomes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). In recent years, remarkable advances have been achieved, based on the discovery of cell-of-origin in DLBCL and on more effective targeted agents. This commentary will summarize recent updates on the evolution of frontline therapies for DLBCL, focusing on the upcoming promising frontline chemotherapy platforms and on activated B-cell subtype DLBCL and double-hit DLBCL.

  8. Next-generation prognostic assessment for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staton, Ashley D; Kof, Jean L; Chen, Qiushi; Ayer, Turgay; Flowers, Christopher R

    2015-01-01

    Current standard of care therapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cures a majority of patients with additional benefit in salvage therapy and autologous stem cell transplant for patients who relapse. The next generation of prognostic models for DLBCL aims to more accurately stratify patients for novel therapies and risk-adapted treatment strategies. This review discusses the significance of host genetic and tumor genomic alterations seen in DLBCL, clinical and epidemiologic factors, and how each can be integrated into risk stratification algorithms. In the future, treatment prediction and prognostic model development and subsequent validation will require data from a large number of DLBCL patients to establish sufficient statistical power to correctly predict outcome. Novel modeling approaches can augment these efforts. PMID:26289217

  9. Signaling through intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) in a B cell lymphoma line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holland, J; Owens, T

    1997-01-01

    Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) (CD54) is an adhesion molecule of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The interaction between ICAM-1 on B lymphocytes and leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 on T cells plays a major role in several aspects of the immune response, including T-dependent B...... investigate the biochemical mechanism for the signaling role of ICAM-1. We show that cross-linking of ICAM-1 on the B lymphoma line A20 induces an increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of several cellular proteins, including the Src family kinase p53/p56(lyn). In vitro kinase assays showed that Lyn kinase...... to various ICAM-1-elicited cellular responses. These data confirm the important role of ICAM-1 as a signaling molecule in B cell activation....

  10. Central Nervous System Prophylaxis for Aggressive B-cell Lymphoma: Who, What, and When?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitz, Norbert; Nickelsen, Maike; Savage, Kerry J

    2016-12-01

    Central nervous system (CNS) relapse of aggressive B-cell lymphoma is a rare but serious complication with poor survival. Different approaches have been used to define risks factors for CNS relapse and establish prophylactic measures. Although patients with low or intermediate risk of CNS relapse should not undergo special diagnostic or therapeutic measures, CNS MRI as well as cytology and flow cytometry of the cerebrospinal fluid are suggested for high-risk patients (and patients with testicular involvement) at diagnosis, and prophylactic high-dose methotrexate in patients without proven CNS involvement. Future risk and treatment models may include molecular features and new treatment options. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Primary Cutaneous Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Not Otherwise Specified: A Rapidly Progressive Variant of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kimberly Aderhold

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary Cutaneous Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma NOS (PTL-NOS is a rare, progressive, fatal dermatologic disease that presents with features similar to many common benign plaque-like skin conditions, making recognition of its distinguishing features critical for early diagnosis and treatment (Bolognia et al., 2008. A 78-year-old woman presented to ambulatory care with a single 5 cm nodule on her shoulder that had developed rapidly over 1-2 weeks. Examination was suspicious for malignancy and a biopsy was performed. Biopsy results demonstrated CD4 positivity, consistent with Mycosis Fungoides with coexpression of CD5, CD47, and CD7. Within three months her cancer had progressed into diffuse lesions spanning her entire body. As rapid progression is usually uncharacteristic of Mycosis Fungoides, her diagnosis was amended to PTL-NOS. Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCL should be suspected in patients with patches, plaques, erythroderma, or papules that persist or multiply despite conservative treatment. Singular biopsies are often nondiagnostic, requiring a high degree of suspicion if there is deviation from the anticipated clinical course. Multiple biopsies are often necessary to make the diagnosis. Physicians caring for patients with rapidly progressive, nonspecific dermatoses with features described above should keep more uncommon forms of CTCL in mind and refer for early biopsy.

  12. Chromosome abnormalities in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas: analysis of 231 Chinese patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiaoli; Fan, Rong; Lin, Guowei; Wang, Xiaoqin

    2013-09-01

    Genome instability is a hallmark of cancer. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with high levels of chromosomal aberrations. The purpose of this study was to characterize chromosomal aberrations in Chinese DLBCL patients and to compare chromosomal abnormalities between germinal centre B-cell-like (GCB) and non-GCB subgroups. Fluorescence in situ hybridization, G-band cytogenetics and immunohistochemistry were performed in 231 cases of de novo DLBCL. We demonstrated that the rate of abnormal and complex karyotypes was 89.1% (139/156) and 92.8% (129/139), respectively. We found a total of 490 structural chromosomal aberrations, including 96 frequent and recurring structural alterations. Most importantly, we identified several rare or novel chromosomal alterations: eight gains (5, 13, 14q, 17, 19p, 20, 21p, Y), one loss (21) and three recurrent translocations [t(7;15)(q22;q22), t(3;20)(p24;q13.1), t(2;3)(q21;q25)]. Moreover, the frequent recurrent genomic imbalance between GCB and non-GCB subgroups was different. Finally, we discovered two cases of concurrent IGH-BCL6 and MYC rearrangements. The rate of abnormal karyotypes in DLBCL patients of Chinese descent was similar to that of Western countries, but some common karyotypes were different, as were the abnormal karyotypes of GCB and non-GCB subgroups. Our discovery of rare and novel abnormal karyotypes may represent unique chromosomal alterations in Chinese DLBCL patients. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  13. Clinicopathologic studies underlying the WHO-EORTC classification and new guidelines for the treatment of cutaneous lymphomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkenk, M.W.

    2005-01-01

    Primary cutaneous lymphoma form a seperate group of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Apart from the usual nodal presentation of a lymphoma, less frequently a lymphoma develops in an extranodal site. The skin is, after the gastrointestinal tract, the most frequent site of extranodal lymphoma. If the skin is the

  14. Applying near-infrared photoimmunotherapy to B-cell lymphoma: comparative evaluation with radioimmunotherapy in tumor xenografts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heryanto, Yusri-Dwi; Hanaoka, Hirofumi; Nakajima, Takahito; Yamaguchi, Aiko; Tsushima, Yoshito

    2017-11-01

    Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) has proven effective for patients with relapsed and refractory lymphoma. However, new types of therapy are strongly desired as B-cell lymphoma remains incurable for many patients. Photoimmunotherapy (PIT) is an emerging targeted cancer therapy that uses photosensitizer (IR700)-conjugated monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to specifically kill cancer cells. To evaluate the usefulness and potential role of PIT for treating B-cell lymphoma in a comparison with RIT, we performed in vivo PIT and RIT studies with an IR700 or (90)Y-conjugated anti-CD20 mAb, NuB2. IR700 or (90)Y were conjugated to NuB2. Since cell aggressiveness greatly affects the therapeutic effect, we selected both an indolent (RPMI 1788) and an aggressive (Ramos) type of B-cell lymphoma cell line. The in vitro therapeutic effect of PIT and the biodistribution profiles of IR700-NuB2 were evaluated. In vivo PIT and RIT studies were performed with 100 or 500 μg of IR700-NuB2 and 150 μCi/20 μg of (90)Y-NuB2, respectively, in two types of B-cell lymphoma-bearing mice. The in vitro studies revealed that Ramos was more sensitive than RPMI 1788 to PIT. The therapeutic effect of PIT with 500 µg IR700-NuB2 was superior to any other therapies against aggressive Ramos tumors, whereas RIT showed the highest therapeutic effect in indolent RPMI 1788 tumors. Since the uptake levels and intratumoral distribution of IR700-NuB2 were comparable in both tumors, a possible cause of this difference is the tumor growth rate. The PIT with 500 µg (IR700-NuB2) group showed a significantly greater therapeutic effect than the PIT with 100 µg group due to the higher and more homogeneous tumor distribution of IR700-NuB2. PIT was effective for both indolent and aggressive B-cell lymphoma, and the higher dose provided a better therapeutic effect. In aggressive tumors, PIT was more effective than RIT. Thus, PIT would be a promising strategy for the locoregional treatment or control of B-cell lymphoma

  15. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: can genomics improve treatment options for a curable cancer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amin, Amit Dipak; Peters, Tara L.; Li, Lingxiao; Rajan, Soumya Sundara; Choudhari, Ramesh; Puvvada, Soham D.

    2017-01-01

    Gene-expression profiling and next-generation sequencing have defined diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common lymphoma diagnosis, as a heterogeneous group of subentities. Despite ongoing explosions of data illuminating disparate pathogenic mechanisms, however, the five-drug chemoimmunotherapy combination R-CHOP remains the frontline standard treatment. This has not changed in 15 years, since the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab was added to the CHOP backbone, which first entered use in the 1970s. At least a third of patients are not cured by R-CHOP, and relapsed or refractory DLBCL is fatal in ∼90%. Targeted small-molecule inhibitors against distinct molecular pathways activated in different subgroups of DLBCL have so far translated poorly into the clinic, justifying the ongoing reliance on R-CHOP and other long-established chemotherapy-driven combinations. New drugs and improved identification of biomarkers in real time, however, show potential to change the situation eventually, despite some recent setbacks. Here, we review established and putative molecular drivers of DLBCL identified through large-scale genomics, highlighting among other things the care that must be taken when differentiating drivers from passengers, which is influenced by the promiscuity of activation-induced cytidine deaminase. Furthermore, we discuss why, despite having so much genomic data available, it has been difficult to move toward personalized medicine for this umbrella disorder and some steps that may be taken to hasten the process. PMID:28487884

  16. Integrating novel drugs to chemoimmunotherapy in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiappella, Annalisa; Santambrogio, Elisa; Castellino, Alessia; Nicolosi, Maura; Vitolo, Umberto

    2017-08-01

    Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), with an incidence in Europe of 3.8/100.000/year. A multi-drugs chemoimmunotherapy regimen, containing rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin and prednisone (R-CHOP) administrated every 21 days, is the standard therapy for DLBCL patients. The discovery of several biological features of DLBCL has encouraged the introduction of novel drugs in the treatment. Areas covered: In this article, the use of standard therapies will be reviewed and will be investigated adoption of novel drugs such as Bortezomib, Bruton's tyrosine kinase, IMiDs, Venetoclax, mTOR inhibitors and other biological agents. Expert commentary: A better knowledge of the biology of DLBCL is mandatory to tailor treatment and to ameliorate the poor prognosis of DLBCL. The addition of novel drugs to standard RCHOP should represent a modern approach in the treatment of DLBCL. Ibrutinib and lenalidomide showed important results in DLBCL and the integration of these drugs in first line treatment is under investigation. Despite encouraging results using novel drugs in the setting of relapsed/refractory DLBCL, the rate of failures still remains at 40%; for these reason, continued participation in clinical trials should be encouraged.

  17. SILAC-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulla Rüetschi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL, the most common lymphoma, is a heterogeneous disease where the outcome for patients with early relapse or refractory disease is very poor, even in the era of immunochemotherapy. In order to describe possible differences in global protein expression and network patterns, we performed a SILAC-based shotgun (LC-MS/MS quantitative proteomic analysis in fresh-frozen tumor tissue from two groups of DLBCL patients with totally different clinical outcome: (i early relapsed or refractory and (ii long-term progression-free patients. We could identify over 3,500 proteins; more than 1,300 were quantified in all patients and 87 were significantly differentially expressed. By functional annotation analysis on the 66 proteins overexpressed in the progression-free patient group, we found an enrichment of proteins involved in the regulation and organization of the actin cytoskeleton. Also, five proteins from actin cytoskeleton regulation, applied in a supervised regression analysis, could discriminate the two patient groups. In conclusion, SILAC-based shotgun quantitative proteomic analysis appears to be a powerful tool to explore the proteome in DLBCL tumor tissue. Also, as progression-free patients had a higher expression of proteins involved in the actin cytoskeleton protein network, such a pattern indicates a functional role in the sustained response to immunochemotherapy.

  18. Unstaged Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma in the United States: Predictors and Patient Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bista, Amir; Sharma, Sandhya; Rijwani, Taufiq; Shah, Binay K

    2017-04-01

    Treatment and prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) depends on the stage of lymphoma. We conducted this study to examine unstaged DLBCL in the United States. We used Surveillance Epidemiology and End Result (SEER) 18 registries to select patients with DLBCL diagnosed during January 2000 to December 2012. Limited regional distant Summary stage 2000 was used to determine stage of the disease as localized, regional, distant or unstaged. We used logistic regression to investigate factors associated with unstaged DLBCL. Cox proportional hazards model was used to compare survival outcomes. Among 67,765 patients, disease in 3,194 (4.71%) was unstaged. Age (60+years), non-African American, not married marital status, metropolitan residence, median household income >$50,000, lymph node as the primary site and those with other primary malignancies before diagnosis of DLBCL were the factors associated with cases being unstaged. The 5-year relative survival rate for patients with unstaged DLBCL was inferior to that of those with localized and regional disease, and superior to that of those with distant disease (hazard ratios of 0.58, 0.66 and 1.24 for localized, regional and distant disease, respectively, when compared to unstaged cases). Several factors are associated with higher risk of unstaged DLBCL. Patients with unstaged DLBC had significantly inferior survival rates compared to patients with localized and regional stage. Copyright© 2017, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

  19. Improving outcomes for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flowers, Christopher R; Sinha, Rajni; Vose, Julie M

    2010-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most commonly occurring form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the western world. Until the mid 1990s the incidence of DLBCL increased in both sexes, across racial categories, and across all age groups except the very young, the etiology of most cases remains unknown. DLBCL is associated with an aggressive natural history, but it can be cured with combination chemotherapy regimens like cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP), which has been the mainstay of therapy for several decades. Remarkable progress has been made in understanding the biological heterogeneity of DLBCL and in improving survival for DLBCL patients with novel combinations of chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Gene expression profiling (GEP) has uncovered DLBCL subtypes that have distinct clinical behaviors and prognoses, and the addition of the monoclonal antibody, rituximab, to CHOP has markedly improved outcomes. Future approaches to DLBCL management will use molecular signatures identified through GEP to provide prognostic information and to isolate therapeutic targets that are being evaluated for DLBCL patients who relapse or those with high risk disease. © 2010 American Cancer Society, Inc.

  20. Examining racial differences in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presentation and survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flowers, Christopher R; Shenoy, Pareen J; Borate, Uma; Bumpers, Kevin; Douglas-Holland, Tanyanika; King, Nassoma; Brawley, Otis W; Lipscomb, Joseph; Lechowicz, Mary Jo; Sinha, Rajni; Grover, Rajinder S; Bernal-Mizrachi, Leon; Kowalski, Jeanne; Donnellan, Will; The, Angelina; Reddy, Vishnu; Jaye, David L; Foran, James

    2013-02-01

    We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of 701 (533 white and 144 black) patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated at two referral centers in southern United States between 1981 and 2010. Median age of diagnosis for blacks was 50 years vs. 57 years for whites (p < 0.001). A greater percentage of blacks presented with elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels, B-symptoms and performance status ≥ 2. More whites (8%) than blacks (3%) had a positive family history of lymphoma (p = 0.048). There were no racial differences in the use of R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone; 52% black vs. 47% white, p = 0.73). While black race predicted worse survival among patients treated with CHOP (hazard ratio [HR] 1.8, p < 0.001), treatment with R-CHOP was associated with improved survival irrespective of race (HR 0.61, p = 0.01). Future studies should examine biological differences that may underlie the observed racial differences in presentation and outcome.

  1. Low GILT expression is associated with poor patient survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannah ePhipps-Yonas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The MHC class II-restricted antigen processing pathway presents antigenic peptides acquired in the endocytic route for the activation of CD4+ T cells. Multiple cancers express MHC class II, which may influence the anti-tumor immune response and patient outcome. Low MHC class II expression is associated with poor survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL, the most common form of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Therefore, we investigated whether gamma-interferon-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT, an upstream component of the MHC class II-restricted antigen processing pathway that is not regulated by the transcription factor class II transactivator, may be important in DLBCL biology. GILT reduces protein disulfide bonds in the endocytic compartment, exposing additional epitopes for MHC class II binding and facilitating antigen presentation. In each of four independent gene expression profiling cohorts with a total of 585 DLBCL patients, low GILT expression was significantly associated with poor overall survival. In contrast, low expression of a classical MHC class II gene, HLA-DRA, was associated with poor survival in one of four cohorts. The association of low GILT expression with poor survival was independent of established clinical and molecular prognostic factors, the International Prognostic Index and the cell of origin classification, respectively. Immunohistochemical analysis of GILT expression in 96 DLBCL cases demonstrated variation in GILT protein expression within tumor cells which correlated strongly with GILT mRNA expression. These studies identify a novel association between GILT expression and clinical outcome in lymphoma. Our findings underscore the role of antigen processing in DLBCL and suggest that molecules targeting this pathway warrant investigation as potential therapeutics.

  2. [Thalidomide therapy in relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in elderly patients. Three cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohner, Nikolett; Varga, Gergely; Szloboda, Péter; Farkas, Péter; Masszi, András; Horváth, Laura; Szombath, Gergely; Várkonyi, Judit; Benedek, Szabolcs; Masszi, Tamás

    2017-10-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), a high-grade lymphoproliferative disease, is the most common lymphoma in adults, representing 31% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). In elderly patients treatment is problematic because of the high toxicity of standard chemotherapy protocols, especially in relapsed cases, where high-dose chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation would be the best choice. More and more data is becoming available on alternative treatment of refractory/relapsed NHL, including studies on the positive effect of thalidomide and second generation IMiDs in DLBCL, which are already part of the standard treatment protocol in myeloma multiplex and myelodysplasia. The broadening use of IMiDs is due to their anti-angiogenetic, immunmodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, a component of the E3-ubiquitin ligase complex, named cereblon, has been described in 2010 as the molecular effector of the thalidomide signal transduction pathway. We initiated thalidomide treatment in three elderly patients with relapsed DLBCL. In two cases, patients had CNS involvement, in the third case the patient had primary mediastinal disease. Patients received 100 mg thalidomide in combination with corticosteroids. Two patients showed an excellent response reaching complete remission on imaging; these patients are progression-free 12 and 20 months after the beginning of treatment. One patient with CNS involvement progressed and deceased despite therapy. According to the literature, IMiDs have significant activity in relapsed DLBCL. Our case-report presents promising results in an elderly patient population with aggressive relapsed NHL that usually has very poor outcome, as high-toxicity treatment cannot be given to these patients. Consequently, because of its efficiency, low-cost and low-toxicity, it is recommended to consider thalidomide therapy in elderly patients with high-grade DLBCL. Orv Hetil. 2017; 158(41): 1642-1648.

  3. Heterogeneity of a murine B cell lymphoma. Isolation and characterization of idiotypic variants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starnes, C O; Carroll, W L; Campbell, M J; Houston, L L; Apell, G; Levy, R

    1988-07-01

    mAb directed toward the idiotype of the 38C13 murine B cell lymphoma can be used to treat and cure a high percentage of mice challenged previously with an otherwise lethal dose of tumor cells. Tumors developing in animals despite antibody therapy were examined by immunofluorescence and found to demonstrate either loss of surface Ig, or expression of an altered idiotype that no longer bound the antibody used for treatment. Further immunofluorescence analysis of the variant tumors revealed individual patterns of cross-reactivity with anti-38C13 idiotype mAb other than that used for therapy. The variant tumor cells were fused to myeloma cells and hybrids were isolated which secreted large quantities of the altered idiotype proteins. Polyclonal antibodies and mAb prepared against the mutant proteins demonstrated cross-reactivity with the original 38C13 protein and its other variants. But the variants and wild type cells could be distinguished from each other by their patterns of reactivity with the panels of anti-idiotype antibodies. Differences in apparent m.w. were demonstrated in the L chains of each of the mutant proteins. Southern blot analysis of the H chain locus of these mutants established that they were all clonally related; however, the L chain loci were grossly different. Thus, rare cells with alteration in their Ig L chain genes and expressed proteins can give rise to idiotype variants in this B cell tumor.

  4. Oral and cutaneous lymphomas other than mycosis fungoides and sézary syndrome in a mexican cohort: Recategorization and evaluation of international geographical disparities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo Hernández-Salazar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nonmycosis fungoides/Sézary syndrome (non-MF/SS primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCL are currently categorized under the 2005-World Health Organization/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (WHO-EORTC classification for PCL. These differ in behavior from secondary cutaneous lymphomas (SCL and to lymphomas limited to the oral cavity (primary oral lymphomas [POL] both categorized under the 2016-WHO classification for lymphoid neoplasms. Aims: This study aims to report the first series of non-MF/SS PCL, SCL, and POL in a Mexican cohort, examine the applicability of current classification systems and compare our findings with those from foreign cohorts. Materials and Methods: Eighteen non-MF/SS PCL, four SCL, and two POL with available tissue for morphology and immunophenotypic assessment were reclassified according to the 2005-WHO/EORTC and 2016-WHO classifications. Results: Non-MF/SS PCLs were primarily of T-cell origin (61% where CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorders predominated, followed by Epstein–Barr virus-induced lymphomas, and peripheral T-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified. Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (BCL were primarily of follicle center cell origin followed by postgerminal lymphomas of the diffuse large BCL variety. Conclusions: Most non-MF/SS PCL, SCL, and POL can be adequately categorized according to the 2005-WHO/EORTC and 2016-WHO classification systems, even when dealing with clinically atypical cases. The relative frequencies in our cohort hold closer similarities to Asian registries than from those of Europe/USA, supporting the concept of individual and/or racial susceptibility, and the notion of geographical variances in the rate of lymphomas. In particular, such disparity may arise from viral-induced lymphomas which might show partial geographical restriction.

  5. Maintenance therapy following induction chemoimmunotherapy in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: current perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, N M; Thieblemont, C

    2017-11-01

    Maintenance therapy has proven efficacy in indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), yet its role in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an area of ongoing investigation. While DLBCL is potentially curable, >30% of patients relapse following front-line therapy and have a poor prognosis, especially those with refractory disease. Maintenance therapy holds promise to maintain response post-induction. Keyword searches were carried out in PubMed and congress abstracts of 'diffuse large B-cell lymphoma' and 'maintenance' and focused on phase II/III studies of maintenance following front-line induction. Although used in indolent forms of NHL, studies of maintenance therapy with rituximab in patients with DLBCL responding to front-line R-CHOP (rituximab/cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin/vincristine/prednisone) have not improved efficacy and are not recommended. Targeted agents enzastaurin and everolimus reported results from the phase III studies PRELUDE and PILLAR-2, respectively, both of which showed no proven maintenance benefit following front-line chemoimmunotherapy induction. Overall, the reported efficacy results with these agents in the maintenance setting do not outweigh the risks. Lenalidomide for maintenance has been reported in three studies. Results from two phase II trials on lenalidomide maintenance revealed positive outcomes in higher-risk patients following induction, resulting in improved progression-free survival in relapsed DLBCL patients who were ineligible for transplantation. First analysis from the phase III REMARC trial showed a significant improvement in progression-free survival for lenalidomide versus placebo, with no difference in overall survival, following front-line R-CHOP induction in elderly patients. Based on currently available studies of DLBCL maintenance therapies, initial results in front-line, as well as the relapsed setting, with immunomodulators such as lenalidomide show promise for further research to identify appropriate patients

  6. Learning from the failures of drug discovery in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas and perspectives for the future: chronic lymphocytic leukemia and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma as two ends of a spectrum in drug development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubuschok, Boris; Trepel, Martin

    2017-07-01

    Despite substantial recent advances, there is still an unmet need for better therapies in B-cell non Hodgkin lymphomas (B-NHL), especially in relapsed or refractory disease. Many novel targeted drugs have been developed based on a better molecular understanding of B-NHL. Areas covered: This article focuses on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) as a representative for indolent lymphomas and paradigmatic for the tremendous progress in treating B-NHL on the one hand and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) as a representative for aggressive lymphomas and paradigmatic for many unsolved problems in lymphoma treatment or the other hand. We highlight salient points in current therapies targeting genetic, epigenetic, immunological and microenvironmental alterations. Possible reasons for drug failure in clinical trials like tumor heterogeneity, clonal evolution and drug resistance mechanisms are discussed. Based thereon, some perspectives for further drug discovery are given. Expert opinion: In view of the pathogenetic complexity of lymphomas, therapies targeting exclusively a single alteration may fail because resistance mechanisms are present either initially or evolve during treatment. Therefore, future therapies in B-NHL may have to target the greatest possible number of genetic, immunological or epigenetic alterations still allowing tolerability and to monitor these alterations during therapy.

  7. Clinical and biological significance of de novo CD5+ diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in Western countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xu-Monette, Z.Y.; Tu, M.; Jabbar, K.J.; Cao, X.; Tzankov, A.; Visco, C.; Cai, Q.; Montes-Moreno, S.; An, Y.; Dybkaer, K.; Chiu, A.; Orazi, A.; Zu, Y.; Bhagat, G.; Richards, K.L.; Hsi, E.D.; Choi, W.W.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Huh, J.; Ponzoni, M.; Ferreri, A.J.; Zhao, X.; Moller, M.B.; Farnen, J.P.; Winter, J.N.; Piris, M.A.; Miranda, R.N.; Medeiros, L.J.; Young, K.H.

    2015-01-01

    CD5 is a pan-T-cell surface marker and is rarely expressed in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Large-scale studies of de novo CD5+ DLBCL are lacking in Western countries. In this study by the DLBCL Rituximab-CHOP Consortium, CD5 was expressed in 5.5% of 879 DLBCL patients from Western

  8. Clinical and Biologic Significance of MYC Genetic Mutations in De Novo Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu-Monette, Zijun Y; Deng, Qipan; Manyam, Ganiraju C

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: MYC is a critical driver oncogene in many cancers, and its deregulation in the forms of translocation and overexpression has been implicated in lymphomagenesis and progression of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The MYC mutational profile and its roles in DLBCL are unknown. This st...

  9. Routine Imaging for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma in First Complete Remission Does Not Improve Post-Treatment Survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El-Galaly, Tarec Christoffer; Jakobsen, Lasse Hjort; Hutchings, Martin

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: Routine imaging for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in first complete remission (CR) is controversial and plays a limited role in detecting relapse. This population-based study compared the survival of Danish and Swedish patients with DLBCL for whom traditions for routine imaging h...

  10. Investigation of MGMT and DAPK1 methylation patterns in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma using allelic MSP-pyrosequencing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Lasse Sommer; Treppendahl, Marianne Bach; Asmar, Fazila

    2013-01-01

    The tumor suppressor genes MGMT and DAPK1 become methylated in several cancers including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, allelic methylation patterns have not been investigated in DLBCL. We developed a fast and cost-efficient method for the analysis of allelic methylation based...

  11. Prognostic value of anemia and C-reactive protein levels in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adams, Hugo J A; De Klerk, John M H; Fijnheer, Rob; Heggelman, Ben G F; Dubois, Stefan V.; Nievelstein, Rutger A J; Kwee, Thomas C.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To determine the prognostic value of pretreatment anemia, pretreatment elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and 6-month posttreatment anemia in patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, Oncovin, and

  12. Tumor necrosis at FDG-PET is an independent predictor of outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adams, Hugo J A; De Klerk, John M H; Fijnheer, Rob; Heggelman, Ben G F; Dubois, Stefan V.; Nievelstein, Rutger A J; Kwee, Thomas C.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To determine the prognostic performance of tumor necrosis at FDG-PET in patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who are treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) therapy. Materials and methods 108 patients with

  13. AKT Hyperactivation and the Potential of AKT-Targeted Therapy in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Jinfen; Xu-Monette, Zijun Y; Jabbar, Kausar J

    2017-01-01

    AKT signaling is important for proliferation and survival of tumor cells. The clinical significance of AKT activation in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is not well analyzed. Here, we assessed expression of phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) in 522 DLBCL patients. We found that high levels of p-AKT...

  14. Actual prognosis during follow-up of survivors of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, S.A. van de; Steenbergen, L.N. van; Coebergh, J.W.W.; Janssen-Heijnen, M.L.; Spronsen, D.J. van

    2014-01-01

    Survival rates determined at diagnosis are often too negative for cancer survivors. Conditional relative survival reflects actual prognosis during follow-up better. Data from all 54,015 patients newly diagnosed in the Netherlands with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma during 1989-2008, aged 15-89 years

  15. Structural profiles of TP53 gene mutations predict clinical outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Young, Ken H; Leroy, Karen; Møller, Michael Boe

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to correlate the presence of TP53 gene mutations with the clinical outcome of a cohort of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) assembled from 12 medical centers. TP53 mutations were identified in 102 of 477 patients and the overall survival (OS) of pati...

  16. Mutational and structural analysis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma using whole genome sequencing | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abstract: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a genetically heterogeneous cancer comprising at least two molecular subtypes that differ in gene expression and distribution of mutations. Recently, application of genome/exome sequencing and RNA-seq to DLBCL has revealed numerous genes that are recurrent targets of somatic point mutation in this disease.

  17. Immunohistochemical profiling of caspase signaling pathways predicts clinical response to chemotherapy in primary nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muris, JJF; Cillessen, SAGM; Vos, W; van Houdt, IS; Kummer, JA; van Krieken, JHJM; Jiwa, NM; Jansen, PM; Kluin-Nelemans, HC; Ossenkoppele, GJ; Gundy, C; Meijer, CJLM; Oudejans, JJ

    2005-01-01

    We used biopsy specimens of primary nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) to investigate whether the inhibition of caspase 8 and/or 9 apoplosis signaling pathways predicts clinical outcome. Expression levels of cellular FLICE inhibitory protein (c-Flip) and numbers of active caspase 3-positive

  18. Clinical relevance of BCL2, BCL6, and MYC rearrangements in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kramer, M.H.H.; Hermans, J; Wijburg, E; Philippo, K; Geelen, E; van Krieken, J.H.J.M.; de Jong, D; Maartense, E; Schuuring, E; Kluin, P M

    1998-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLCL) is characterized by a marked degree of morphologic and clinical heterogeneity. We studied 156 patients with de novo DLCL for rearrangements of the BCL2, BCL6, and MYC oncogenes by Southern blot analysis and BCL2 protein expression. We related these data to the

  19. %ΔSUVmax is a Better Predictor of Outcome than Deauville 5-PS after One Cycle of Therapy in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rydzinski, Y.; Hutchings, M.; Knight-Greenfield, A.

    %ΔSUVmax is a Better Predictor of Outcome than Deauville 5-PS after One Cycle of Therapy in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL)......%ΔSUVmax is a Better Predictor of Outcome than Deauville 5-PS after One Cycle of Therapy in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL)...

  20. Clinical and biological aspects of aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents and young adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coso D

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Diane Coso, Sylvain Garciaz, Réda BouabdallahDepartment of Hematology, Cancer Center Institut J. Paoli-I. Calmettes, University of La Méditerranée, Marseille, FranceAbstract: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs are one of the most frequent malignancies in adolescents and young adults (AYA. Among NHLs, Burkitt's lymphoma (BL represents approximately 40% while diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL accounts for nearly 20% of cases. Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is a variant of DLBCL, which preferentially concerns young patients. Biology of B-NHLs is well known and several pathways involving chromosomal translocations, gene rearrangements, and molecular profiling are the subject of continuous investigations. AYA with B-NHL have inferior survival when compared with children. The reasons for this unfavorable outcome are multifactorial, but disease-related biological characteristics of the tumor represent a powerful factor influencing survival. The choice of optimal strategy in the management of B-NHL in patients of 15–29 years old remains controversial and depends on the treating institution and its physicians. Although children and younger adolescents benefit from pediatric approaches using intensive treatment, older adolescents are often treated with adult rituximab-based chemotherapy. In this review, we focus on the current knowledge relevant to AYA with DLBCL and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma.Keywords: DLBCL, PMBCL, AYA, prognosis, treatment

  1. The FOX and the mutants in mature human B cells and DLBCL: The role of FOXP1 in mature human B cell biology and lymphomagenesis & prevalence of oncogenic MyD88 and CD79B mutations in diffuse large B cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Keimpema, M.

    2015-01-01

    The transcription factor FOXP1 is prominently expressed in mature B cells and is a potential oncogene in B cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas; however, the functions of FOXP1 in mature B cells and B cell lymphomagenesis have not yet been fully explored. In the first part of this thesis, the roles of FOXP1

  2. Chronic Inflammation-Related Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Around the Area of Thoracotomy After Decortication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayram Metin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Chest wall tumors consist 5% of all tumors in the thorax. Lymphomas compose of less than 5% of all primary chest wall malignancy.Sixty three years old patient who had an operation for pleural thickness two years ago admitted with complaint of left-sided chest pain.Following the detection of mass lesion radiologically at the place of previous operation area, the patient was operated based on needle biopsy result suggesting Ewing /PNET or pulmonary originated tumor. After the operation, pathological examination confirmed chronic inflammation-related diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Since it has been rarely reported in the literature, we aimed to present the case of chronic inflammation-related diffuse large B-cell lymphoma developed within such a short time as two years on the ground of surgical incision scar tissue together with our radiologic, surgical, and pathological findings.

  3. Bilateral Bronchiectasis as a Presentation Form of Pulmonary Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma of Bronchus Associated Lymphoid Tissue

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    Glenda Ernst

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The pulmonary marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of bronchus associated lymphoid tissue of the lung (BALT is a rare illness that can remain without symptoms. Radiological findings of pulmonary lymphoma are heterogeneous. In literature, bronchiectasis is only described in one patient who also had besides adenomegalies. We reported on a 48-year-old female patient. She showed symptoms consistent with dyspnea with productive cough; there were crepitant sounds in the auscultation. Pulmonary functional test has shown a severe restrictive pattern with a low FVC and DLCO. CT scan showed bronchiectasis in the medium lobule without adenomegalies. Echocardiogram was normal, and the laboratory findings only showed leukocytosis. There were no findings in the bronchoscopy, but the lung biopsy showed a B-cell pulmonary lymphoma (positive to CD20 and CD79a in immunostaining. A wide variety of radiological manifestations has been previously described; however, we have presented this rare case, with bronchiectasis, as unique radiological finding.

  4. A Case of Cutaneous Plasmablastic Lymphoma in HIV/AIDS with Disseminated Cryptococcus

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    Jun Gong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of a patient with HIV/AIDS who presented with a tender left lower extremity cutaneous mass over a site of previous cryptococcal infection and was found to have plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL. The incidence of PBL is estimated to account for less than 5% of all cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL in HIV-positive individuals. In fact, there were only two reports of extraoral PBL at the time of a 2003 review. PBL in HIV-positive individuals is an aggressive malignancy that tends to occur in middle-aged males with low CD4 counts, high viral loads, and chronic HIV infection. The definitive diagnosis can be made with biopsy which typically shows malignant lymphoid cells that stain positive for plasma cell markers and negative for B-cell markers. The most common treatment is chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP or CHOP-like regimens, but the overall survival rate is poor despite its relative responsiveness to chemotherapy. This case highlights the challenges that remain in improving clinical outcomes, the importance of antiretroviral therapy and HIV disease control, and a potential association between a chronic inflammatory state caused by disseminated Cryptococcus and tumorigenesis in individuals with PBL.

  5. Enhancer mutations of Akv murine leukemia virus inhibit the induction of mature B-cell lymphomas and shift disease specificity towards the more differentiated plasma cell stage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karina Dalsgaard; Kunder, Sandra; Quintanilla-Martinez, Leticia

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates the role of the proviral transcriptional enhancer for B-lymphoma induction by exogenous Akv murine leukemia virus. Infection of newborn inbred NMRI mice with Akv induced 35% plasma cell proliferations (PCPs) (consistent with plasmacytoma), 33% diffuse large B-cell lymphomas......, 25% follicular B-cell lymphomas and few splenic marginal zone and small B-cell lymphomas. Deleting one copy of the 99-bp proviral enhancer sequence still allowed induction of multiple B-cell tumor types, although PCPs dominated (77%). Additional mutation of binding sites for the glucocorticoid...... showed that many of the tumors/cell proliferations induced by each virus were polyclonal. Our results indicate that enhancer mutations weaken the ability of Akv to induce mature B-cell lymphomas prior to the plasma cell stage, whereas development of plasma cell proliferations is less dependent of viral...

  6. J chain and myocyte enhancer factor 2B are useful in differentiating classical Hodgkin lymphoma from nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma and primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Erika M; Swerdlow, Steven H; Gibson, Sarah E

    2017-10-01

    Although most classical Hodgkin lymphomas (CHLs) are easily distinguished from nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) and primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBL), cases with significant CD20 expression cause diagnostic confusion. Although the absence of OCT-2 and BOB.1 are useful in these circumstances, a variable proportion of CHLs are positive for these antigens. We investigated the utility of J chain and myocyte enhancer factor 2B (MEF2B) in the diagnosis of CHL; NLPHL; PMBL; T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma (TCRLBL); and B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and CHL, compared with OCT-2 and BOB.1. J chain and MEF2B highlighted lymphocyte predominant (LP) cells in 20/20 (100%) NLPHLs and were negative in 43/43 (100%) CHLs. Fourteen of 15 (93%) PMBLs and 4/4 (100%) TCRLBLs were MEF2B positive, whereas 67% of PMBLs and 50% of TCRLBLs were J chain positive. Three of 3 B-cell lymphomas, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and CHL, were negative for J chain and MEF2B. J chain and MEF2B were 100% sensitive and specific for NLPHL versus CHL. MEF2B was 100% sensitive and 98% specific for PMBL versus CHL. Whereas loss of OCT-2 and/or BOB.1 expression had a sensitivity of only 86% and specificity of 100% for CHL versus NLPHL, PMBL, and TCRLBL, lack of both J chain and MEF2B expression was 100% sensitive and 97% specific. J chain and MEF2B are highly sensitive and specific markers of NLPHL versus CHL; are particularly useful in highlighting LP cells; and, with rare exception, are of greater utility than OCT-2 and BOB.1 in differentiating CHL from NLPHL and other large B-cell lymphomas. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Rearrangements of MYC gene facilitate risk stratification in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients treated with rituximab-CHOP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tzankov, Alexandar; Xu-Monette, Zijun Y; Gerhard, Marc

    2014-01-01

    In order to address the debatable prognostic role of MYC rearrangements in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone, we evaluated MYC rearrangements by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 563 cases using...... with the dual-fusion probes, 15 detectable only with the break-apart probes and 20 detectable with both dual-fusion probes and break-apart probes. MYC rearrangements correlated with germinal center B-cell origin (P=0.02), MYC protein expression (P=0.032), and larger tumor mass size (P=0.0003). Patients with MYC...... was prognostically additive. Radiotherapy seemed to diminish the prognostic effects of MYC rearrangements in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients since only 2/10 irradiated patients with MYC rearrangements died of/with disease, compared with 16/28 non-irradiated patients with MYC rearrangements. We conclude...

  8. Insights into the Molecular Pathogenesis of Activated B-Cell-like Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and Its Therapeutic Implications

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    Georg Lenz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Within the last couple of years, the understanding of the molecular mechanisms that drive the pathogenesis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL has significantly improved. Large-scale gene expression profiling studies have led to the discovery of several molecularly defined subtypes that are characterized by specific oncogene addictions and significant differences in their outcome. Next generation sequencing efforts combined with RNA interference screens frequently identify crucial oncogenes that lead to constitutive activation of various signaling pathways that drive lymphomagenesis. This review summarizes our current understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of the activated B-cell-like (ABC DLBCL subtype that is characterized by poor prognosis. A special emphasis is put on findings that might impact therapeutic strategies of affected patients.

  9. Insights into the Molecular Pathogenesis of Activated B-Cell-like Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and Its Therapeutic Implications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenz, Georg [Translational Oncology, Department of Medicine A, Albert-Schweitzer Campus 1, University Hospital Münster, 48149 Münster (Germany); Cluster of Excellence EXC 1003, Cells in Motion, 48149 Münster (Germany)

    2015-05-22

    Within the last couple of years, the understanding of the molecular mechanisms that drive the pathogenesis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has significantly improved. Large-scale gene expression profiling studies have led to the discovery of several molecularly defined subtypes that are characterized by specific oncogene addictions and significant differences in their outcome. Next generation sequencing efforts combined with RNA interference screens frequently identify crucial oncogenes that lead to constitutive activation of various signaling pathways that drive lymphomagenesis. This review summarizes our current understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of the activated B-cell-like (ABC) DLBCL subtype that is characterized by poor prognosis. A special emphasis is put on findings that might impact therapeutic strategies of affected patients.

  10. Genetic variation in B-cell-activating factor is associated with an increased risk of developing B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, Anne J; Slager, Susan L; Fredericksen, Zachary S; Wang, Alice H; Manske, Michelle M; Ziesmer, Steven; Liebow, Mark; Macon, William R; Dillon, Stacey R; Witzig, Thomas E; Cerhan, James R; Ansell, Stephen M

    2009-05-15

    Elevated B-cell-activating factor (BAFF; TNFSF13B) levels have been found in patients with B-cell malignancies and autoimmune diseases, suggesting that it may play a pathogenic role. We previously found that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the TNFSF13B promoter resulted in increased transcription, suggesting that genetic variation in TNFSF13B may influence its expression. We therefore wanted to determine if genetic variation in TNFSF13B is associated with high BAFF levels and non-Hogkin lymphoma (NHL) risk. We genotyped 9 tagSNPs within TNFSF13B in a clinic-based study of 441 NHL cases and 475 matched controls and evaluated the association of individual SNPs with risk of NHL; 3 tagSNPs were significant (P TNFSF13B gene is significantly associated with NHL risk and elevated serum BAFF levels.

  11. Primary Cutaneous Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma in a Sporotrichoid Pattern: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Daniel J; Vin, Harina; Hinojosa, Tiffany; Tetzlaff, Michael T; Dabaja, Bouthaina S; Duvic, Madeleine

    2017-07-01

    We present the extraordinary case of a 72-year-old man with a history of primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (pcPTCL-NOS) previously controlled with topical agents who developed tumours in a sporotrichoid pattern. Culture of the tumours was negative, and histopathology showed findings consistent with recurrent pcPTCL. The tumours were successfully treated with localised radiation therapy. Sporotrichoid lesions are an extremely rare and atypical presentation of cutaneous lymphoma, with only 2 other cases reported in the literature. Our case reinforces the need to include cutaneous lymphoma in the differential diagnosis of nodules on the extremities spreading in a sporotrichoid pattern. Clinical recognition of this atypical presentation of cutaneous lymphoma allows for prompt, effective treatment, which might include localised radiation therapy.

  12. Loss of PRDM1/BLIMP-1 function contributes to poor prognosis of activated B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Y; Xu-Monette, Z Y; Tzankov, A; Li, X; Manyam, G C; Murty, V; Bhagat, G; Zhang, S; Pasqualucci, L; Visco, C; Dybkaer, K; Chiu, A; Orazi, A; Zu, Y; Richards, K L; Hsi, E D; Choi, W W L; van Krieken, J H; Huh, J; Ponzoni, M; Ferreri, A J M; Møller, M B; Parsons, B M; Winter, J N; Piris, M A; Westin, J; Fowler, N; Miranda, R N; Ok, C Y; Li, Y; Li, J; Medeiros, L J; Young, K H

    2017-03-01

    PRDM1/BLIMP-1, a master regulator of plasma-cell differentiation, is frequently inactivated in activated B-cell-like (ABC) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Little is known about its genetic aberrations and relevant clinical implications. A large series of patients with de novo DLBCL was effectively evaluated for PRDM1/BLIMP-1 deletion, mutation, and protein expression. BLIMP-1 expression was frequently associated with the ABC phenotype and plasmablastic morphologic subtype of DLBCL, yet 63% of the ABC-DLBCL patients were negative for BLIMP-1 protein expression. In these patients, loss of BLIMP-1 was associated with Myc overexpression and decreased expression of p53 pathway molecules. In addition, homozygous PRDM1 deletions and PRDM1 mutations within exons 1 and 2, which encode for domains crucial for transcriptional repression, were found to show a poor prognostic impact in patients with ABC-DLBCL but not in those with germinal center B-cell-like DLBCL (GCB-DLBCL). Gene expression profiling revealed that loss of PRDM1/BLIMP-1 expression correlated with a decreased plasma-cell differentiation signature and upregulation of genes involved in B-cell receptor signaling and tumor-cell proliferation. In conclusion, these results provide novel clinical and biological insight into the tumor-suppressive role of PRDM1/BLIMP-1 in ABC-DLBCL patients and suggest that loss of PRDM1/BLIMP-1 function contributes to the overall poor prognosis of ABC-DLBCL patients.

  13. Ocular adnexal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a multicenter international study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munch-Petersen, Helga D; Rasmussen, Peter K; Coupland, Sarah E; Esmaeli, Bita; Finger, Paul T; Graue, Gerardo F; Grossniklaus, Hans E; Honavar, Santosh G; Khong, Jwu Jin; McKelvie, Penny A; Mulay, Kaustubh; Prause, Jan U; Ralfkiaer, Elisabeth; Sjö, Lene D; Sniegowski, Matthew C; Vemuganti, Geeta K; Heegaard, Steffen

    2015-02-01

    The clinical features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) subtype of ocular adnexal lymphoma have not previously been evaluated in a large cohort to our knowledge. To investigate the clinical features of ocular adnexal DLBCL (OA-DLBCL). This retrospective international cooperative study involved 6 eye cancer centers. During 30 years, 106 patients with OA-DLBCL were identified, and 6 were excluded from the study. The median follow-up period was 52 months. Overall survival, disease-specific survival (DSS), and progression-free survival were the primary end points. One hundred patients with OA-DLBCL were included in the study (median age, 70 years), of whom 54 (54.0%) were female. The following 3 groups of patients with lymphoma could be identified: primary OA-DLBCL (57.0%), OA-DLBCL and concurrent systemic lymphoma (29.0%), and ocular adnexal lymphoma relapse of previous systemic lymphoma (14.0%). Of 57 patients with primary OA-DLBCL, 53 (93.0%) had Ann Arbor stage IE disease, and 4 (7.0%) had Ann Arbor stage IIE disease. According to the TNM staging system, 43 of 57 (75.4%) had T2 tumors. Among all patients, the most frequent treatments were external beam radiation therapy with or without surgery (31.0%) and rituximab-cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, vincristine sulfate, prednisone (CHOP) or rituximab-CHOP-like chemotherapy with or without external beam radiation therapy (21.0%). The 5-year overall survival among the entire cohort was 36.0% (median, 3.5 years; 95% CI, 2.5-4.5 years). Relapse occurred in 43.9% (25 of 57) of patients with primary OA-DLBCL. Increasing T category of the TNM staging system was predictive of DSS (P = .04) in primary OA-DLBCL, whereas the Ann Arbor staging system was not. However, when taking all 100 patients into account, Ann Arbor stage was able to predict DSS (P = .01). Women had a longer median DSS than men (9.8 years; 95% CI, 1.9-17.7 years vs 3.3 years; 95% CI, 1.6-5.0; P = .03). Most patients with primary OA

  14. Global gene expression changes of in vitro stimulated human transformed germinal centre B cells as surrogate for oncogenic pathway activation in individual aggressive B cell lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Aggressive Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) are a group of lymphomas derived from germinal centre B cells which display a heterogeneous pattern of oncogenic pathway activation. We postulate that specific immune response associated signalling, affecting gene transcription networks, may be associated with the activation of different oncogenic pathways in aggressive Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). Methodology The B cell receptor (BCR), CD40, B-cell activating factor (BAFF)-receptors and Interleukin (IL) 21 receptor and Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) were stimulated in human transformed germinal centre B cells by treatment with anti IgM F(ab)2-fragments, CD40L, BAFF, IL21 and LPS respectively. The changes in gene expression following the activation of Jak/STAT, NF-кB, MAPK, Ca2+ and PI3K signalling triggered by these stimuli was assessed using microarray analysis. The expression of top 100 genes which had a change in gene expression following stimulation was investigated in gene expression profiles of patients with Aggressive non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL). Results αIgM stimulation led to the largest number of changes in gene expression, affecting overall 6596 genes. While CD40L stimulation changed the expression of 1194 genes and IL21 stimulation affected 902 genes, only 283 and 129 genes were modulated by lipopolysaccharide or BAFF receptor stimulation, respectively. Interestingly, genes associated with a Burkitt-like phenotype, such as MYC, BCL6 or LEF1, were affected by αIgM. Unique and shared gene expression was delineated. NHL-patients were sorted according to their similarity in the expression of TOP100 affected genes to stimulated transformed germinal centre B cells The αIgM gene module discriminated individual DLBCL in a similar manner to CD40L or IL21 gene modules. DLBCLs with low module activation often carry chromosomal MYC aberrations. DLBCLs with high module activation show strong expression of genes involved in cell-cell communication, immune responses

  15. [Clinical analysis of 18 cases with acute tumor lysis syndrome in children with B-cell lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Shuang; Yang, Jing; Zhang, Rui; Duan, Yan-long; Zhang, Yong-hong

    2011-08-01

    To investigate risk factors associated with acute tumor lysis syndrome (ATLS) in children with B-cell lymphoma and to explore feasible means for the prophylaxis and treatment. Data from 18 children with ATLS in B-cell lymphoma were collected to assess their tumor burden at diagnosis and before chemotherapy. Evaluation was performed at the 8th day, 3 month, and the end of chemotherapy and follow up. The incidence of ATLS in B-cell lymphoma, and the relationship between the incidence of ATLS and whether the kidney was involved and large tumor burden were analyzed respectively. All patients received hydration, alkalinization and received allopurinol routinely. Urate oxidase and hemodialysis treatment were administered in some cases. Of the 103 children with B-cell lymphoma, 18 were diagnosed as having ATLS (17.5%). All the 18 cases with ATLS were histopathologically confirmed as having Burkitt's lymphoma. All the patients were at stage III or IV and all had large tumor sizes, and 7 were found to have blasts in the bone marrow>25% (38.9%). Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels≥1000 U/L were found in 11 (61.1%) cases. All patients had developed metabolic abnormalities, including hyperuricemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, and uremia. In terms of clinical features and prognosis, all cases had nausea, vomiting, anorexia, oliguria, and anuria at different levels. One had gastrointestinal bleeding, 7 patients experienced seizures. The etiology in five was hypocalcemia and two had reversible posterior encephalopathy syndrome and all responded well to treatment. Nine cases of ATLS responded to supportive care, 4 required hemodialysis, and the other 4 responded to urate oxidase. Ten cases survived and 8 died. The major cause of death was severe complications and treatment was given up in 5 cases and recurrence occurred in 3 cases. ATLS was commonly seen in Burkitt's subtype of B-cell lymphoma. Higher LDH and large tumor sizes and kidney involvement were important risk

  16. Case Report of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma of Uterine Cervix Treated at a Semiurban Cancer Centre in North India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vibhor Sharma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphoma of the uterine cervix is very rare. We report a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL involving the uterine cervix treated at a newly commissioned semiurban cancer centre in north India in 2015. Data for this study was obtained from the hospital electronic medical records and the patient’s case file. We also reviewed published case reports of uterine and cervical lymphoma involving forty-one patients. We treated a case of stage IV DLBCL cervix with six cycles of R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone and intrathecal methotrexate followed by consolidation with radiotherapy. The patient showed complete response to chemotherapy. We conclude that, in advanced stage lymphoma involving uterus and cervix, combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is effective in short term.

  17. Severe Lactic Acidosis in a Patient with B-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farn Huei Chan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Lactic acidosis is commonly observed in clinical situations such as shock and sepsis, as a result of tissue hypoperfusion and hypoxia. Lymphoma and leukemia are among other clinical situations where lactic acidosis has been reported. We present a case of a 59-year-old female with lactic acidosis who was found to have aggressive B-cell lymphoma. There have been 29 cases of lymphoma induced lactic acidosis reported thus far; however all reported cases have abnormal vital signs or concomitant medical conditions that may lead to lactic acidosis. The pathogenesis of malignancy-induced lactic acidosis is not well understood; however associated factors include increased glycolysis, increased lactate production by cancer cells, and decreased hepatic clearance of lactate. When it occurs, lactic acidosis is a poor prognostic sign in these patients. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of underlying lymphoma or leukemia remains the only way to achieve complete resolution of lactic acidosis in these patients.

  18. Molecular subtyping of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: update on biology, diagnosis and emerging platforms for practising pathologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gifford, Grace K; Gill, Anthony J; Stevenson, William S

    2016-01-01

    Molecular classification of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is critical. Numerous methodologies have demonstrated that DLBCL is biologically heterogeneous despite morphological similarities. This underlies the disparate outcomes of treatment response or failure in this common non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This review will summarise historical approaches to lymphoma classifications, current diagnosis of DLBCL, molecular techniques that have primarily been used in the research setting to distinguish and subclassify DLBCL, evaluate contemporary diagnostic methodologies that seek to translate lymphoma biology into clinical practice, and introduce novel diagnostic platforms that may overcome current issues. The review concludes with an overview of key molecular lesions currently identified in DLBCL, all of which are potential targets for drug treatments that may improve survival and cure. Copyright © 2015 The Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Prognostic factors for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the R(X)CHOP era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaidya, R.; Witzig, T. E.

    2014-01-01

    Background The introduction of rituximab (R) to conventional CHOP chemotherapy for newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) led to an unequivocal improvement in survival, establishing RCHOP as the standard of care. Still, nearly 40% of DLBCL patients will eventually die of relapsed disease. Efforts to improve outcomes by addition of new biologic agents (X) to the RCHOP backbone are underway. In this era of R(X)CHOP, it is imperative to develop prognostic and predictive markers, not only to identify patients who will suffer a particularly aggressive course, but also to accurately select patients for clinical trials from which they will most benefit. Design The following review was undertaken to describe prognostic factors in DLBCL, with emphasis on markers that are accurate, relatively available, and clinically applicable in 2014. Results The International Prognostic Index retains its validity in the era of RCHOP, although with limited ability to predict those with DLBCL and led to the development of immunohistochemistry (IHC) algorithms that are in routine practice. Identification of a ‘double-hit’ (DH) lymphoma by fluorescent in situ hybridization with aberrations involving MYC and/or BCL2 and BCL6 genes has important implications due to its extremely dismal prognosis with RCHOP. Other markers such as the absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), serum immunoglobulin free light chains, vitamin D levels, serum cytokines/chemokines, and imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) have all shown promise as future predictive/prognostic tests. Conclusions The future for new treatment options in DLBCL is promising with current clinical trials testing novel targeted agents such as bortezomib, lenalidomide, and ibrutinib as the ‘X’ in R(X)CHOP. Predictive factors are required to select and randomize patients appropriately for these trials. We envision the day when ‘X’ will be chosen based on the biological characteristics of the tumor. PMID:24625454

  20. Immunohistochemical and molecular characteristics with prognostic significance in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Bellas

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL is an aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma with marked biologic heterogeneity. We analyzed 100 cases of DLBCL to evaluate the prognostic value of immunohistochemical markers derived from the gene expression profiling-defined cell origin signature, including MYC, BCL2, BCL6, and FOXP1 protein expression. We also investigated genetic alterations in BCL2, BCL6, MYC and FOXP1 using fluorescence in situ hybridization and assessed their prognostic significance. BCL6 rearrangements were detected in 29% of cases, and BCL6 gene alteration (rearrangement and/or amplification was associated with the non-germinal center B subtype (non-GCB. BCL2 translocation was associated with the GCB phenotype, and BCL2 protein expression was associated with the translocation and/or amplification of 18q21. MYC rearrangements were detected in 15% of cases, and MYC protein expression was observed in 29% of cases. FOXP1 expression, mainly of the non-GCB subtype, was demonstrated in 37% of cases. Co-expression of the MYC and BCL2 proteins, with non-GCB subtype predominance, was observed in 21% of cases. We detected an association between high FOXP1 expression and a high proliferation rate as well as a significant positive correlation between MYC overexpression and FOXP1 overexpression. MYC, BCL2 and FOXP1 expression were significant predictors of overall survival. The co-expression of MYC and BCL2 confers a poorer clinical outcome than MYC or BCL2 expression alone, whereas cases negative for both markers had the best outcomes. Our study confirms that DLBCL, characterized by the co-expression of MYC and BCL2 proteins, has a poor prognosis and establishes a significant positive correlation with MYC and FOXP1 over-expression in this entity.

  1. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the breast: prognostic factors and treatment outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Y

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Yao Sun,1 Monika Joks,2 Li-Ming Xu,1 Xiu-Li Chen,1 Dong Qian,1 Jin-Qiang You,1 Zhi-Yong Yuan1 1Department of Radiation Oncology, CyberKnife Center, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Poznan University of Medical Science, Poznan, Poland Background: The breast is a rare site of extranodal involvement of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. We aimed to assess the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, and treatment outcomes of breast DLBCL.Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 113 patients (from our institution and the literature between 1973 and 2014. The primary end point was overall survival (OS. Kaplan–Meier OS curves were compared with the log-rank test. Cox regression analysis was applied to determine the prognostic factors for OS, progression-free survival (PFS, local control (LC, and cause-specific survival (CSS.Results: A total of 113 patients were included in the study: 42 cases from our hospital and 71 cases from 12 publications. The median age at diagnosis was 58 years. With a median follow-up time of 39.2 months, the estimated 5-year OS, PFS, LC, and CSS were 71.4%, 58.8%, 75.6%, and 74.9%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, more than four cycles of chemotherapy, having localized cancer, lumpectomy with or without axillary lymph node (ALN dissection, and low to low-to-intermediate International Prognostic Index were favorable factors for OS. For PFS, significant prognostic factors were rituximab use, B symptoms, and tumor size. As for the local group, lumpectomy with or without ALN dissection and more than four cycles of chemotherapy were favorable factors for OS. Tumor size >4 cm and nonuse of rituximab were adverse factors for PFS. Twenty-one patients (18.6% developed local relapse and 33 (29

  2. Comprehensive gene expression profiling and immunohistochemical studies support application of immunophenotypic algorithm for molecular subtype classification in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Visco, C; Li, Y; Xu-Monette, Z Y

    2012-01-01

    Gene expression profiling (GEP) has stratified diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) into molecular subgroups that correspond to different stages of lymphocyte development-namely germinal center B-cell like and activated B-cell like. This classification has prognostic significance, but GEP...

  3. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with aggressive primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma - a case series of the ADF working group "cutaneous lymphomas".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moritz, Rose K C; Ditschkowski, Markus; Klemke, Claus-Detlev; Terras, Sarah; Schlaak, Max; Knorr, Martin; Theurich, Sebastian; Hegenbart, Ute; Kremens, Bernhard; Beelen, Dietrich W; Stücker, Markus; Kreuter, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is a treatment option for primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas that may induce long-lasting complete remissions. Little information is available on safety and efficacy. We retrospectively reviewed the data from patients with primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma treated in the Departments of Dermatology of the Universities of Bochum, Mannheim and Cologne who received subsequent alloSCT between 2005 and 2012. Nine patients with aggressive primary cutaneous T-cell-lymphoma received alloSCT. With a follow-up of 14 to 36 months after transplantation, 4 patients are alive and in complete remission. Two patients had recurrent disease post-transplantation, which was successfully treated with donor lymphocyte infusions. Non-relapse mortality was observed in three patients in advanced disease stages within six months after alloSCT. One patient showed only partial remission and died of disease after 32 months and one patient died 26 months after alloSCT with cause of death unknown. This report documents the possible benefit of a graft-versus-lymphoma effect in primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, as has been observed for other T-cell malignancies and emphasizes that alloSCT warrants further studies in this setting. © 2014 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Similar prognosis of transformed and de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphomas in patients treated with immunochemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorigue, Marc; Garcia, Olga; Baptista, Maria Joao; Sancho, Juan-Manuel; Tapia, Gustavo; Mate, José Luis; Feliu, Evarist; Navarro, José-Tomás; Ribera, Josep-Maria

    2017-03-22

    The prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) transformed from indolent lymphoma (TL) has been considered poorer than that of de novo DLBCL. However, it seems to have improved since the introduction of rituximab. We compared the characteristics (including the cell-of-origin), and the prognosis of 29 patients with TL and 101 with de novo DLBCL treated with immunochemotherapy. Patients with TL and de novo DLBCL had similar characteristics. All TL cases evolving from follicular lymphoma were germinal-center B-cell-like, while those TL from marginal zone lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia were non-germinal-center B-cell-like. The complete response rate was similar in TL and de novo DLBCL (62 vs. 66%, P=.825). The 5-year overall and progression-free survival probabilities (95% CI) were 59% (40-78) and 41% (22-60) for TL and 63% (53-73) and 60% (50-70) for de novo DLBCL, respectively (P=.732 for overall survival and P=.169 for progression-free survival). In this study, the prognosis of TL and de novo DLBCL treated with immunochemotherapy was similar. The role of intensification with stem cell transplantation in the management of TL may be questionable in the rituximab era. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Flow cytometric analysis of immunoglobulin heavy chain expression in B-cell lymphoma and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grier, David D; Al-Quran, Samer Z; Cardona, Diana M; Li, Ying; Braylan, Raul C

    2012-01-01

    The diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma (BCL) is often dependent on the detection of clonal immunoglobulin (Ig) light chain expression. In some BCLs, the determination of clonality based on Ig light chain restriction may be difficult. The aim of our study was to assess the utility of flow cytometric analysis of surface Ig heavy chain (HC) expression in lymphoid tissues in distinguishing lymphoid hyperplasias from BCLs, and also differentiating various BCL subtypes. HC expression on B-cells varied among different types of hyperplasias. In follicular hyperplasia, IgM and IgD expression was high in mantle cells while germinal center cells showed poor HC expression. In other hyperplasias, B cell compartments were blurred but generally showed high IgD and IgM expression. Compared to hyperplasias, BCLs varied in IgM expression. Small lymphocytic lymphomas had lower IgM expression than mantle cell lymphomas. Of importance, IgD expression was significantly lower in BCLs than in hyperplasias, a finding that can be useful in differentiating lymphoma from reactive processes. PMID:22400070

  6. Genetically Modified T-cell Infusion Following Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Recurrent or High-Risk Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-26

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  7. Clinical spectrum of primary cutaneous CD30-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma: an analysis of the Mannheim Cutaneous Lymphoma Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booken, Nina; Goerdt, Sergij; Klemke, Claus-Detlev

    2012-05-01

    Primary cutaneous CD30(+) anaplastic large cell lymphomas (C-ALCL) have indolent clinical behavior with an estimated 5-year survival rate of 95%. The clinical features and disease courses of C-ALCL identified in the lymphoma registry of Mannheim University hospital are described in the following. All C-ALCL patients identified in the database were analyzed in regard to clinical picture, histology, immunohistochemistry, molecular biology, staging, therapy, follow-up, and outcome. 14 C-ALCL patients were identified. The mean age was 69 years and 57% were men. Solitary skin lesions in one anatomical region were seen in 12 patients upon initial diagnosis. Two patients presented with multiple lesions at different anatomical sites. In 2 patients there was specific lymph node involvement. In one C-ALCL patient, follow-up over 17 months revealed extracutaneous infiltration. Half of the patients relapsed and 36% had multiple episodes. The majority of our patients were treated with surgical excision followed by electron beam radiotherapy. The 5-year survival rate was 93% in C-ALCL. The clinical presentation of C-ALCL varies. Staging procedures and a close clinical pathological correlation at initial diagnosis are essential. Due to a high rate of relapses and the possibility of developing extranodal manifestations over the course of the disease, close follow-up is recommended. © The Authors • Journal compilation © Blackwell Verlag GmbH, Berlin.

  8. Lym-1 Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cells Exhibit Potent Anti-Tumor Effects against B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long Zheng

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available T cells expressing chimeric antigen receptors (CARs recognizing CD19 epitopes have produced remarkable anti-tumor effects in patients with B-cell malignancies. However, cancer cells lacking recognized epitopes can emerge, leading to relapse and death. Thus, CAR T cells targeting different epitopes on different antigens could improve immunotherapy. The Lym-1 antibody targets a conformational epitope of Human Leukocyte Antigen-antigen D Related (HLA-DR on the surface of human B-cell lymphomas. Lym-1 CAR T cells were thus generated for evaluation of cytotoxic activity towards lymphoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Human T cells from healthy donors were transduced to express a Lym-1 CAR, and assessed for epitope-driven function in culture and towards Raji xenografts in NOD-scidIL2Rgammanull (NSG mice. Lym-1 CAR T cells exhibited epitope-driven activation and lytic function against human B-cell lymphoma cell lines in culture and mediated complete regression of Raji/Luciferase-Green fluorescent protein (Raji/Luc-GFP in NSG mice with similar or better reactivity than CD19 CAR T cells. Lym-1 CAR transduction of T cells is a promising immunotherapy for patients with Lym-1 epitope positive B-cell malignancies.

  9. Nanoscale mapping and organization analysis of target proteins on cancer cells from B-cell lymphoma patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Mi [State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Xiao, Xiubin [Department of Lymphoma, Affiliated Hospital of Military Medical Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100071 (China); Liu, Lianqing, E-mail: lqliu@sia.cn [State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China); Xi, Ning, E-mail: xin@egr.msu.edu [State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China); Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Wang, Yuechao; Dong, Zaili [State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China); Zhang, Weijing, E-mail: zhangwj3072@163.com [Department of Lymphoma, Affiliated Hospital of Military Medical Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100071 (China)

    2013-11-01

    CD20, a membrane protein highly expressed on most B-cell lymphomas, is an effective target demonstrated in clinical practice for treating B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody against CD20. In this work, we applied atomic force microscopy (AFM) to map the nanoscale distribution of CD20 molecules on the surface of cancer cells from clinical B-cell NHL patients under the assistance of ROR1 fluorescence recognition (ROR1 is a specific cell surface marker exclusively expressed on cancer cells). First, the ROR1 fluorescence labeling experiments showed that ROR1 was expressed on cancer cells from B-cell lymphoma patients, but not on normal cells from healthy volunteers. Next, under the guidance of ROR1 fluorescence, the rituximab-conjugated AFM tips were moved to cancer cells to image the cellular morphologies and detect the CD20-rituximab interactions on the cell surfaces. The distribution maps of CD20 on cancer cells were constructed by obtaining arrays of (16×16) force curves in local areas (500×500 nm{sup 2}) on the cell surfaces. The experimental results provide a new approach to directly investigate the nanoscale distribution of target protein on single clinical cancer cells. - Highlights: • Cancer cells were recognized from healthy cells by ROR1 fluorescence labeling. • The nanoscale distribution of CD20 on cancer cells was characterized. • The distribution of CD20 was non-uniform on the surface of cancer cells.

  10. Clinical features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with polyploidy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimono, Joji; Miyoshi, Hiroaki; Seto, Masao; Teshima, Takanori; Ohshima, Koichi

    2017-01-01

    Polyploidy, defined as more than two sets of homologous chromosomes, is found in a variety of malignant tumors and is thought to be related to disease pathogenesis. However, there have been no studies that have investigated polyploidy in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Here we reviewed clinicopathological features of 16 cases of DLBCL with polypoidy, which was defined as DLBCL with either near-tetraploid or greater number of chromosomes as detected by the G-band method. The frequency of polyploid DLBCL was 2.9 % (16/544), including 15 near-tetraploid and one near-pentaploid case. CD5, CD30 and EBER positive cases were 13 % (2/16), 13 % (2/16) and 6 % (1/16), respectively. Bcl2 positive cases were 75 % (12/16). The numbers of huge and multinucleated cells were higher in polyploid than in non-polyploid DLBCL (P = 0.0029 and P DLBCL included reduced infiltration of extranodal sites (2/15, 13 %) and major lymph node infiltration. Of seven cases that received chemotherapy, six responded to treatment and survived. Our results suggest that polyploid DLBCL represents a clinicopathologically characteristic group of DLBCL. This knowledge can be useful for informing more personalized and targeted management of DLBCL patients. © 2016 Japanese Society of Pathology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  11. Clinicopathological analysis of primary splenic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimono, Joji; Miyoshi, Hiroaki; Kiyasu, Junichi; Sato, Kensaku; Kamimura, Tomohiko; Eto, Tetsuya; Miyagishima, Takuto; Nagafuji, Koji; Teshima, Takanori; Ohshima, Koichi

    2017-09-01

    Splenic infiltration is often seen in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, primary splenic DLBCL is rare and studies on its clinicopathological features are limited. We assessed 66 cases of primary splenic DLBCL and 309 control DLBCL, not otherwise specified. Hepatitis C virus antibody prevalence, B symptoms, poor performance status and CD5 positivity differed significantly between the primary splenic DLBCL and control DLBCL groups. Primary splenic DLBCL cases were classified histopathologically into two groups [white pulp pattern (n = 46), red pulp pattern (n = 20)]. Survival analysis showed no difference in overall survival between the primary splenic DLBCL and the control group, but the former had a more favourable progression-free survival. In the examination of primary splenic DLBCL, the white pulp pattern was statistically associated with a lower performance status (2-4), and a lower CD5 positivity than the red pulp pattern. In the survival analysis, the red pulp pattern demonstrated poorer overall survival. Multivariate analysis of overall survival in primary splenic DLBCL cases identified CD5 positivity as an indicator of poor prognosis. Classifying primary splenic DLBCL into white and red pulp patterns was useful in terms of clinicopathological features and overall survival. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. High KIF2A expression predicts unfavorable prognosis in diffuse large B cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yaping; You, Xuefen; Liu, Hong; Xu, Mengqi; Dang, Qingxiu; Yang, Li; Huang, Jianfei; Shi, Wenyu

    2017-09-01

    Kinesin family member 2A (KIF2A), a conserved motor protein, plays a critical role in the pathogenesis and prognosis of several malignant tumors. The aim of the present study was to investigate KIF2A expression in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), evaluate the association between KIF2A expression and the clinical parameters of the disease, and determine its prognostic value. KIF2A expression was evaluated in 134 DLBCL and 57 reactive hyperplasia samples using immunohistochemistry on a tissue microarray. The correlations between KIF2A expression with clinical parameters and prognosis were estimated using univariate and multivariate analyses. The expression of KIF2A was significantly higher in DLBCL tissue samples compared with those from subjects with reactive hyperplasia (P=0.002). Furthermore, increased expression of KIF2A protein in DLBCL was related to Ann Arbor stage (P=0.027) and international prognostic index (IPI) score (P=0.01). The survival analysis showed that KIF2A expression (P=0.016), serum LDH level (P=0.049), and IPI score (PDLBCL. Our findings also confirmed that downregulating KIF2A expression decreased tumor cell viability, accompanied by downregulation of pAKT levels. Taken together, these data provide the first evidence that increased KIF2A expression predicts poor prognosis in patients with DLBCL, and a rationale for treatment of DLBCL by targeting KIF2A.

  13. Prognostic value of tumor necrosis at CT in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Hugo J A; de Klerk, John M H; Fijnheer, Rob; Dubois, Stefan V; Nievelstein, Rutger A J; Kwee, Thomas C

    2015-03-01

    To determine the prognostic value of tumor necrosis at computed tomography (CT) in newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). This retrospective study included 51 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL who had undergone both unenhanced and intravenous contrast-enhanced CT before R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin and prednisolone) chemo-immunotherapy. Presence of tumor necrosis was visually and quantitatively assessed at CT. Associations between tumor necrosis status at CT and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) International Prognostic Index (IPI) factors were assessed. Cox regression analysis was used to determine the prognostic impact of NCCN-IPI scores and tumor necrosis status at CT. There were no correlations between tumor necrosis status at CT and the NCCN-IPI factors categorized age (ρ=-0.042, P=0.765), categorized lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ratio (ρ=0.201, P=0.156), extranodal disease in major organs (φ=-0.245, P=0.083), Ann Arbor stage III/IV disease (φ=-0.208, P=0.141), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (φ=0.015, P=0.914). In the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, only tumor necrosis status at CT was an independent predictive factor of progression-free survival (P=0.003) and overall survival (P=0.004). The findings of this study indicate the prognostic potential of tumor necrosis at CT in newly diagnosed DLBCL. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. [Divergence Analysis of Hepatitis Virus Infection between Aggressive and Indolent B Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Wen-Jie; Li, Heng; Liu, Hui-Min; Yi, Shu-Hua; Li, Zeng-Jun; Lu, Rui; Liu, Wei; Zou, De-Hui; Qiu, Lu-Gui

    2016-12-01

    To investigate the prevalence rate of hepatitis B virus(HBV)and hepatitis C virus(HCV)between aggressive and indolent B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL), and to compare the different infection rate of Hepatifis Virus between the 2 groups. Integrated clinical information of 733 newly diagnosed indolent B-NHL patients and 148 aggressive B-NHL patients from January 1994 to January 2014 was retrospectively analyzed. The difference of hepatitis virus infection was compared between the 2 groups. The positive rate of HCV-Ab was 1.8% in 881 newly diagnosed B-NHL patients. The HCV prevalence was 1.9% and 1.35% in the indolent and aggressive B-NHL group respecitvely. Compared with general population, the HCV positive rate was significantly higher in the whole B-NHL group and the indolent group(1.8% vs 0.4%,1.9% vs 1.4%)(P0.05).In the aggressive B-NHL group,the co-expression of HBs-Ag,HBe-Ag and anti-HBc-Ab was 4.4%, which was higher than that in the indolent one (4.7% vs 1.2%)(P0.05). The HCV is more relevant with indolent B-NHL, the HBV has more relevance with the aggressive patients.

  15. B-cell lymphoma 6 promotes proliferation and survival of trophoblastic cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muschol-Steinmetz, Cornelia; Jasmer, Britta; Kreis, Nina-Naomi; Steinhäuser, Kerstin; Ritter, Andreas; Rolle, Udo; Yuan, Juping; Louwen, Frank

    2016-01-01

    Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity and its pathogenesis is not fully understood. B-cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6), a key regulator of B-lymphocyte development, is altered in preeclamptic placentas. We show here that BCL6 is present in all 3 studied trophoblast cell lines and it is predominantly expressed in trophoblastic HTR-8/SVneo cells derived from a 1(st) trimester placenta, suggestive of its involvement in trophoblast expansion in the early stage of placental development. BCL6 is strongly stabilized upon stress stimulation. Inhibition of BCL6, by administrating either small interfering RNA or a specific small molecule inhibitor 79-6, reduces proliferation and induces apoptosis in trophoblastic cells. Intriguingly, depletion of BCL6 in HTR-8/SVneo cells results in a mitotic arrest associated with mitotic defects in centrosome integrity, indicative of its involvement in mitotic progression. Thus, like in haematopoietic cells and breast cancer cells, BCL6 promotes proliferation and facilitates survival of trophoblasts under stress situation. Further studies are required to decipher its molecular roles in differentiation, migration and the fusion process of trophoblasts. Whether increased BCL6 observed in preeclamptic placentas is one of the causes or the consequences of preeclampsia warrants further investigations in vivo and in vitro.

  16. Malaria Hidden in a Patient with Diffuse Large-B-Cell Lymphoma and Sickle-Cell Trait▿

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linares, María; Albizua, Enriqueta; Méndez, Darío; Rubio, José M.; Martínez-Serna, Alejandra; Martínez, Miguel A.; Salto, Efren; Puyet, Antonio; Diez, Amalia; Martinez-López, Joaquin; Bautista, José M.

    2011-01-01

    We report a case of an African patient with sickle cell trait who was diagnosed in Spain with B-cell lymphoma. Blood smears were negative for malaria, and no plasmodium antigens were detected in the blood. To treat his lymphoma, the patient underwent chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. Following a splenectomy due to a worsening condition, he developed clinical malaria with detectable parasitemia. This case suggests that the humoral response and parasite removal by the spleen may afford protection from overt disease and may even help maintain subclinical human reservoirs of the disease. PMID:21976762

  17. The CXCR4 antagonist plerixafor enhances the effect of rituximab in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinholdt, Linn; Laursen, Maria Bach; Schmitz, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive disease with variable clinical outcome, accounting for at least 25-30 % of adult non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Approximately one third of DLBCL patients are not cured by the currently used treatment regimen, R-CHOP. Hence, new treatment......, concomitantly or in sequence. The trypan blue exclusion method and MTS-based assays were used to evaluate cellular proliferation, whereas flow cytometry was used for assessment of apoptosis status and CXCR4 surface expression level. Linear mixed effects models were used to assess statistical significance...

  18. Lectin-like transcript 1 is a marker of germinal center-derived B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas dampening natural killer cell functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Germain, Claire; Guillaudeux, Thierry; Galsgaard, Elisabeth D; Hervouet, Catherine; Tekaya, Nedra; Gallouet, Anne-Sophie; Fassy, Julien; Bihl, Franck; Poupon, Gwenola; Lazzari, Anne; Spee, Pieter; Anjuère, Fabienne; Pangault, Céline; Tarte, Karin; Tas, Patrick; Xerri, Luc; Braud, Veronique M

    2015-08-01

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) are malignant neoplasms which are clinically and biologically diverse. Their incidence is constantly increasing and despite treatment advances, there is a need for novel targeted therapies. Here, we identified Lectin-like transcript 1 (LLT1) as a biomarker of germinal center (GC)-derived B-cell NHLs. LLT1 identifies GC B cells in reactive tonsils and lymph nodes and its expression is maintained in B-cell NHLs which derive from GC, including Burkitt lymphoma (BL), follicular lymphoma (FL), and GC-derived diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We further show that LLT1 expression by tumors dampens natural killer (NK) cell functions following interaction with its receptor CD161, uncovering a potential immune escape mechanism. Our results pinpoint LLT1 as a novel biomarker of GC-derived B-cell NHLs and as a candidate target for innovative immunotherapies.

  19. Expressions of glucose transporter Types 1 and 3 and hexokinase-II in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and other B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shim, Hye Kyung [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Won Woo [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Radiation Medicine, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: wwlee@snu.ac.kr; Park, So Yeon [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Haeryoung [Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); So, Young [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sang Eun [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Radiation Medicine, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-02-15

    Introduction: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has been reported to show higher uptake of 2-deoxy-2-F18-fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) by positron emission tomography than other B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (non-DLBCL). The authors addressed the mechanism of FDG uptake in DLBCL by immunostaining for glucose transporter Types 1 (Glut-1) and 3 (Glut-3) and hexokinase-II (HK-II) in excised lymphoma tissues. Methods: Sixteen B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients (11 DLBCL and 5 non-DLBCL patients) were included in the study because the lymphoma tissues obtained by excision were eligible for immunostaining. The expressions of Glut-1, Glut-3 and HK-II were assessed regarding the percentages of positively stained lymphoma cells (%expression), the staining intensities (none=0, weak=1, moderate=2 and strong=3) and the staining patterns (membranous or cytoplasmic) and compared between DLBCL and non-DLBCL. Results: Glut-1 was not expressed at all in DLBCL or non-DLBCL, and their Glut-3 expressions were not significantly different (P>.05) with respect to %expression (mean{+-}S.E.M., 73.6{+-}7.3% vs. 72.0{+-}3.7%), staining intensity (2.5{+-}0.2 vs. 2.6{+-}0.2) and staining pattern (membranous pattern dominant; 54.5% vs. 60.0%). However, DLBCL expressed more HK-II than non-DLBCL, i.e., %expression (45.2{+-}11.5% vs. 17.0{+-}15.8%, P=.0275) and staining intensity (2.3{+-}0.2 vs. 0.6{+-}0.4, P=.0032). HK-II showed a cytoplasmic location in DLBCL and non-DLBCL. Conclusions: HK-II and Glut-3 contribute significantly to FDG uptake in DLBCL. DLBCL may have higher FDG uptake because it expresses more HK-II, whereas Glut-1 appears to play no role in FDG uptake in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

  20. Ran GTPase-activating protein 1 is a therapeutic target in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kung-Chao Chang

    Full Text Available Lymphoma-specific biomarkers contribute to therapeutic strategies and the study of tumorigenesis. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL is the most common type of malignant lymphoma. However, only 50% of patients experience long-term survival after current treatment; therefore, developing novel therapeutic strategies is warranted. Comparative proteomic analysis of two DLBCL lines with a B-lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL showed differential expression of Ran GTPase-activating protein 1 (RanGAP1 between them, which was confirmed using immunoblotting. Immunostaining showed that the majority of DLBCLs (92%, 46/50 were RanGAP1(+, while reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (n = 12 was RanGAP1(+ predominantly in germinal centers. RanGAP1 was also highly expressed in other B-cell lymphomas (BCL, n = 180 with brisk mitotic activity (B-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia: 93%, and Burkitt lymphoma: 95% or cell-cycle dysregulation (mantle cell lymphoma: 83%, and Hodgkin's lymphoma 91%. Interestingly, serum RanGAP1 level was higher in patients with high-grade BCL (1.71 ± 2.28 ng/mL, n = 62 than in low-grade BCL (0.75 ± 2.12 ng/mL, n = 52 and healthy controls (0.55 ± 1.58 ng/mL, n = 75 (high-grade BCL vs. low-grade BCL, p = 0.002; high-grade BCL vs. control, p < 0.001, Mann-Whitney U test. In vitro, RNA interference of RanGAP1 showed no effect on LCL but enhanced DLBCL cell death (41% vs. 60%; p = 0.035 and cell-cycle arrest (G0/G1: 39% vs. 49%, G2/M: 19.0% vs. 7.5%; p = 0.030 along with decreased expression of TPX2 and Aurora kinases, the central regulators of mitotic cell division. Furthermore, ON 01910.Na (Estybon, a multikinase inhibitor induced cell death, mitotic cell arrest, and hyperphosphorylation of RanGAP1 in DLBCL cell lines but no effects in normal B and T cells. Therefore, RanGAP1 is a promising marker and therapeutic target for aggressive B-cell lymphoma, especially DLBCL.

  1. Guidelines for diagnosis, prevention and management of central nervous system involvement in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients by the Spanish Lymphoma Group (GELTAMO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peñalver, Francisco-Javier; Sancho, Juan-Manuel; de la Fuente, Adolfo; Olave, María-Teresa; Martín, Alejandro; Panizo, Carlos; Pérez, Elena; Salar, Antonio; Orfao, Alberto

    2017-02-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients have a 5% overall risk of central nervous system events (relapse or progression), which account for high morbidity and frequently fatal outcomes,(1) and shortened overall survival of risk of central nervous system disease is critical to accurately identify candidates for central nervous system prophylaxis vs. (3-5) This report by the Spanish Lymphoma Group (GELTAMO) aims to provide useful guidelines and recommendations for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients with, or at risk of, leptomeningeal and/or brain parenchyma lymphoma relapse. A panel of lymphoma experts working on behalf of GELTAMO reviewed all data published on these topics available in PubMed up to May 2016. Recommendations were classified according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach.(6) A practical algorithm based on the proposed recommendations was then developed (Figure 1). Initial discussions among experts were held in May 2014, and final consensus was reached in June 2016. The final manuscript was reviewed by all authors and the Scientific Committee of GELTAMO. Copyright© Ferrata Storti Foundation.

  2. Development of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma after treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yaya; Xie, Bailu; Chen, Yu; Huang, Zhenqian; Tan, Huo

    2014-01-01

    Cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) arising after the initial diagnosis of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and DLBCL synchronous with AITL have been reported. To date, there is no report on the subsequent development of AITL in patients with DLBCL. Here we presented a rare case of AITL developing six months after the initial diagnosis of DLBCL. In order to investigate the clinical and molecular features of patients with AITL and DLBCL, we also reviewed the literature on A...

  3. FDG PET-CT Finding in Bilateral Renal and Bone Involvement of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Ziya Tan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Thirty-six year old male patient with pathological fracture of the left tibia underwent intramedullary and soft tissue curettage. The histopathological examination revealed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The patient underwent F18-FDG PET-CT scanning for initial staging. FDG PET-CT scan revealed hypermetabolic lesions at the left tibia and in bilateral kidneys. After the systemic chemotherapy and local radiotherapy to the tibia, repeated FDG PET/CT scan showed improvement of the previous hypermetabolic lesions, suggesting good response to therapy. Bone and renal involvement is an uncommon variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and FDG PET-CT is an useful whole body imaging modality in these cases.

  4. Extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma: An unexpected complication in children with Sjögren's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collado, Paz; Kelada, Aml; Cámara, Maria; Zeft, Andrew; Flagg, Aron

    2017-03-08

    Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by the infiltration of lymphocytes into exocrine glands, resulting in the typical sicca symptoms. Unlike adults, primary SS is a very rare condition in childhood, and the risk of malignancy in juvenile SS (JSS) has not been defined. We report the detection of extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (EMZL) occurring in two children with SS. Fine needle aspiration of the salivary glands (SG) showed nonspecific findings that led to delayed diagnosis of SS. The diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma associated with JSS was based on morphologic and immunohistochemical staining done during the biopsy. To highlight awareness of EMZL as a timely and appropriate update of an unusual complication in children with SS. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  5. Portraying the Expression Landscapes of B-CellLymphoma-Intuitive Detection of Outlier Samples and of Molecular Subtypes

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    Lydia Hopp

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available We present an analytic framework based on Self-Organizing Map (SOM machine learning to study large scale patient data sets. The potency of the approach is demonstrated in a case study using gene expression data of more than 200 mature aggressive B-cell lymphoma patients. The method portrays each sample with individual resolution, characterizes the subtypes, disentangles the expression patterns into distinct modules, extracts their functional context using enrichment techniques and enables investigation of the similarity relations between the samples. The method also allows to detect and to correct outliers caused by contaminations. Based on our analysis, we propose a refined classification of B-cell Lymphoma into four molecular subtypes which are characterized by differential functional and clinical characteristics.

  6. Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in children: a disease reminiscent of Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uccini, Stefania; Al-Jadiry, Mazin F; Scarpino, Stefania; Ferraro, Daniela; Alsaadawi, Adel R; Al-Darraji, Amir F; Moleti, Maria Luisa; Testi, Anna Maria; Al-Hadad, Salma A; Ruco, Luigi

    2015-05-01

    Pediatric Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (EBV+ DLBCL) is a rare disease in nonimmunocompromised hosts. In a review of 231 cases of malignant lymphoma (87 Hodgkin lymphoma and 144 non-Hodgkin lymphoma) occurring in Iraqi children, 7 cases (5% of NHLs) were classified as EBV+ DLBCL. Six children presented with nodal disease, and 1 presented with extranodal localization (bone). In all cases, the disease was at an advanced clinical stage (III/IV). Evidence of immunodeficiency (Evans syndrome and selective IgA deficiency) was observed in a single case. Two cases were "monomorphic" with immunoblastic histology, and 5 cases were "polymorphic" with histologic aspects reminiscent of nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (2 cases) and of CD30+ classical Hodgkin lymphoma (3 cases). In all cases, tumor cells were EBV infected (EBER+/LMP-1+), were medium-large B-cells (CD20+/CD79a+/PAX-5+/BOB-1+/OCT-2+) of non-germinal center (non-GC) origin (CD10-/MUM-1+), and had high proliferative activity (50%-70%). Chromosomal translocations involving BCL2, MYC, and IGH genes were not observed. IGH monoclonality could be demonstrated in 3 of 3 investigated cases. Six cases of EBV-negative DLBCL (4% of NHL) were present in the same series. All had monomorphic histology with centroblastic/immunoblastic morphology; 3 cases were of GC type and 3 of non-GC type. Our findings indicate that in Iraq, DLBCLs are 9% of NHLs. Moreover, 2 different types of the disease do exist; the EBV-positive cases, with strong histologic and immunohistochemical resemblance with EBV+ DLBCL of the elderly, and the EBV-negative cases, which are similar to the pediatric DLBCL usually observed in Western populations. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. CGCI Investigators Reveal Comprehensive Landscape of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) Genomes | Office of Cancer Genomics

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    Researchers from British Columbia Cancer Agency used whole genome sequencing to analyze 40 DLBCL cases and 13 cell lines in order to fill in the gaps of the complex landscape of DLBCL genomes. Their analysis, “Mutational and structural analysis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma using whole genome sequencing,” was published online in Blood on May 22. The authors are Ryan Morin, Marco Marra, and colleagues.  

  8. Radiation Therapy for Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: An International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group Multi-institutional Experience

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    Million, Lynn, E-mail: lmillion@stanford.edu [Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford, California (United States); Yi, Esther J.; Wu, Frank; Von Eyben, Rie [Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford, California (United States); Campbell, Belinda A. [Department of Radiation Oncology and Cancer Imaging, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne (Australia); Dabaja, Bouthaina [The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Tsang, Richard W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Ng, Andrea [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Wilson, Lynn D. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology/Radiation Oncology, Yale School of Medicine, Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Ricardi, Umberto [Department of Oncology, University of Turin, Turin (Italy); Kirova, Youlia [Institut Curie, Paris (France); Hoppe, Richard T. [Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford, California (United States)

    2016-08-01

    Purpose: To collect response rates of primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma, a rare cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, to radiation therapy (RT), and to determine potential prognostic factors predictive of outcome. Methods and Materials: The study was a retrospective analysis of patients with primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma who received RT as primary therapy or after surgical excision. Data collected include initial stage of disease, RT modality (electron/photon), total dose, fractionation, response to treatment, and local recurrence. Radiation therapy was delivered at 8 participating International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group institutions worldwide. Results: Fifty-six patients met the eligibility criteria, and 63 tumors were treated: head and neck (27%), trunk (14%), upper extremities (27%), and lower extremities (32%). Median tumor size was 2.25 cm (range, 0.6-12 cm). T classification included T1, 40 patients (71%); T2, 12 patients (21%); and T3, 4 patients (7%). The median radiation dose was 35 Gy (range, 6-45 Gy). Complete clinical response (CCR) was achieved in 60 of 63 tumors (95%) and partial response in 3 tumors (5%). After CCR, 1 tumor recurred locally (1.7%) after 36 Gy and 7 months after RT. This was the only patient to die of disease. Conclusions: Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a rare, indolent cutaneous lymphoma with a low death rate. This analysis, which was restricted to patients selected for treatment with radiation, indicates that achieving CCR was independent of radiation dose. Because there were too few failures (<2%) for statistical analysis on dose response, 30 Gy seems to be adequate for local control, and even lower doses may suffice.

  9. Primary Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma of the Uterus Manifesting as a Leiomyoma: A Unique Presentation with Review of Literature

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    Rajan Dewar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of uterine corpus in a 70-years old woman who presented with symptoms of increased urinary frequency and sense of bloating. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI findings were suggestive of a degenerating intramural fibroid. Histological examination of tissue samples obtained during hysteroscopy showed diffuse infiltration of fibrous stroma by atypical enlarged mononuclear cells. Immunohistochemical studies were consistent with the diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.Further imaging studies showed no evidence of lymphoma outside the uterus. To our knowledge,this represents the first welldocumented case of primary uterine lymphoma presenting as a leiomyoma on imaging studies.

  10. Interleukin-10 Polymorphisms in Association with Prognosis in Patients with B-Cell Lymphoma Treated by R-CHOP

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    Min Kyeong Kim

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Interleukin-10 (IL10 plays an important role in initiating and maintaining an appropriate immune response to non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL. Previous studies have revealed that the transcription of IL10 mRNA and its protein expression may be infl uenced by several single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter and intron regions, including rs1800896, rs1800871, and rs1800872. However, the impact of polymorphisms of the IL10 gene on NHL prognosis has not been fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the association between IL10 polymorphisms and NHL prognosis. This study involved 112 NHL patients treated at the National Cancer Center, Korea. The median age was 57 years, and 70 patients (62.5% were men. Clinical characteristics, including age, performance status, stage, and extra-nodal involvement, as well as cell lineage and International Prognostic Index (IPI, were evaluated. A total of four polymorphisms in IL10 with heterozygous alleles were analyzed for hazard ratios of overall survival (OS and progression-free survival (PFS using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was the most common histologic type (n = 83, followed by T-cell lymphoma (n = 18, mantle cell lymphoma (n = 6, and others (n = 5. Cell lineage, IPI, and extra-nodal involvement were predictors of prognosis. In the additive genetic model results for each IL10 polymorphism, the rs1800871 and rs1800872 polymorphisms represented a marginal association with OS (p = 0.09 and p = 0.06 and PFS (p = 0.05 and p = 0.08 in B-cell lymphoma patients treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP. These findings suggest that IL10 polymorphisms might be prognostic indicators for patients with B-cell NHL treated with R-CHOP.

  11. Genomic Landscape of Primary Mediastinal B-Cell Lymphoma Cell Lines.

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    Dai, Haiping; Ehrentraut, Stefan; Nagel, Stefan; Eberth, Sonja; Pommerenke, Claudia; Dirks, Wilhelm G; Geffers, Robert; Kalavalapalli, Srilaxmi; Kaufmann, Maren; Meyer, Corrina; Faehnrich, Silke; Chen, Suning; Drexler, Hans G; MacLeod, Roderick A F

    2015-01-01

    Primary mediastinal B-Cell lymphoma (PMBL) is a recently defined entity comprising ~2-10% non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). Unlike most NHL subtypes, PMBL lacks recurrent gene rearrangements to serve as biomarkers or betray target genes. While druggable, late chemotherapeutic complications warrant the search for new targets and models. Well characterized tumor cell lines provide unlimited material to serve as preclinical resources for verifiable analyses directed at the discovery of new biomarkers and pathological targets using high throughput microarray technologies. The same cells may then be used to seek intelligent therapies directed at clinically validated targets. Four cell lines have emerged as potential PMBL models: FARAGE, KARPAS-1106P, MEDB-1 and U-2940. Transcriptionally, PMBL cell lines cluster near c(lassical)-HL and B-NHL examples showing they are related but separate entities. Here we document genomic alterations therein, by cytogenetics and high density oligonucleotide/SNP microarrays and parse their impact by integrated global expression profiling. PMBL cell lines were distinguished by moderate chromosome rearrangement levels undercutting cHL, while lacking oncogene translocations seen in B-NHL. In total 61 deletions were shared by two or more cell lines, together with 12 amplifications (≥4x) and 72 homozygous regions. Integrated genomic and transcriptional profiling showed deletions to be the most important class of chromosome rearrangement. Lesions were mapped to several loci associated with PMBL, e.g. 2p15 (REL/COMMD1), 9p24 (JAK2, CD274), 16p13 (SOCS1, LITAF, CIITA); plus new or tenuously associated loci: 2p16 (MSH6), 6q23 (TNFAIP3), 9p22 (CDKN2A/B), 20p12 (PTPN1). Discrete homozygous regions sometimes substituted focal deletions accompanied by gene silencing implying a role for epigenetic or mutational inactivation. Genomic amplifications increasing gene expression or gene-activating rearrangements were respectively rare or absent. Our findings

  12. Genomic Landscape of Primary Mediastinal B-Cell Lymphoma Cell Lines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiping Dai

    Full Text Available Primary mediastinal B-Cell lymphoma (PMBL is a recently defined entity comprising ~2-10% non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL. Unlike most NHL subtypes, PMBL lacks recurrent gene rearrangements to serve as biomarkers or betray target genes. While druggable, late chemotherapeutic complications warrant the search for new targets and models. Well characterized tumor cell lines provide unlimited material to serve as preclinical resources for verifiable analyses directed at the discovery of new biomarkers and pathological targets using high throughput microarray technologies. The same cells may then be used to seek intelligent therapies directed at clinically validated targets. Four cell lines have emerged as potential PMBL models: FARAGE, KARPAS-1106P, MEDB-1 and U-2940. Transcriptionally, PMBL cell lines cluster near c(lassical-HL and B-NHL examples showing they are related but separate entities. Here we document genomic alterations therein, by cytogenetics and high density oligonucleotide/SNP microarrays and parse their impact by integrated global expression profiling. PMBL cell lines were distinguished by moderate chromosome rearrangement levels undercutting cHL, while lacking oncogene translocations seen in B-NHL. In total 61 deletions were shared by two or more cell lines, together with 12 amplifications (≥4x and 72 homozygous regions. Integrated genomic and transcriptional profiling showed deletions to be the most important class of chromosome rearrangement. Lesions were mapped to several loci associated with PMBL, e.g. 2p15 (REL/COMMD1, 9p24 (JAK2, CD274, 16p13 (SOCS1, LITAF, CIITA; plus new or tenuously associated loci: 2p16 (MSH6, 6q23 (TNFAIP3, 9p22 (CDKN2A/B, 20p12 (PTPN1. Discrete homozygous regions sometimes substituted focal deletions accompanied by gene silencing implying a role for epigenetic or mutational inactivation. Genomic amplifications increasing gene expression or gene-activating rearrangements were respectively rare or absent. Our

  13. Benefit of Consolidative Radiation Therapy for Primary Bone Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

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    Tao, Randa; Allen, Pamela K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Rodriguez, Alma [Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Shihadeh, Ferial; Pinnix, Chelsea C.; Arzu, Isadora; Reed, Valerie K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Oki, Yasuhiro; Westin, Jason R.; Fayad, Luis E.; Medeiros, L. Jeffrey [Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Dabaja, Bouthaina, E-mail: bdabaja@mdanderson.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Purpose: Outcomes for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) differ according to the site of presentation. With effective chemotherapy, the need for consolidative radiation therapy (RT) is controversial. We investigated the influence of primary bone presentation and receipt of consolidative RT on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with DLBCL. Methods and Materials: We identified 102 patients with primary bone DLBCL treated consecutively from 1988 through 2013 and extracted clinical, pathologic, and treatment characteristics from the medical records. Survival outcomes were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method, with factors affecting survival determined by log-rank tests. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done with a Cox regression model. Results: The median age was 55 years (range, 16-87 years). The most common site of presentation was in the long bones. Sixty-five patients (63%) received R-CHOP–based chemotherapy, and 74 (72%) received rituximab. RT was given to 67 patients (66%), 47 with stage I to II and 20 with stage III to IV disease. The median RT dose was 44 Gy (range, 24.5-50 Gy). At a median follow-up time of 82 months, the 5-year PFS and OS rates were 80% and 82%, respectively. Receipt of RT was associated with improved 5-year PFS (88% RT vs 63% no RT, P=.0069) and OS (91% vs 68%, P=.0064). On multivariate analysis, the addition of RT significantly improved PFS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.14, P=.014) with a trend toward an OS benefit (HR=0.30, P=.053). No significant difference in PFS or OS was found between patients treated with 30 to 35 Gy versus ≥36 Gy (P=.71 PFS and P=.31 OS). Conclusion: Patients with primary bone lymphoma treated with standard chemotherapy followed by RT can have excellent outcomes. The use of consolidative RT was associated with significant benefits in both PFS and OS.

  14. Role of microRNA deregulation in the pathogenesis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

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    Mazan-Mamczarz, Krystyna; Gartenhaus, Ronald B

    2013-11-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous RNA molecules that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level through its sequence complementation with target mRNAs. An individual miRNA species can simultaneously influence the expression of multiple genes and conversely, several miRNAs can synchronously control expression of specific gene product mRNA levels. Thus, miRNAs expression in cells has to be precisely regulated and alterations in miRNA levels may cause an aberrant expression of genes involved in oncogenic pathways and consequently result in cancer development. Indeed, miRNA expression is often deregulated in many cancers, including B-cell lymphomas. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogeneous group of B-cell lymphomas with different genetic backgrounds, morphologic features, and responses to therapy. Over the past decade, miRNAs emerged as a new tool for understanding DLBCL biology, and promising candidate molecular markers in DLBCL classification and treatment. In this review, we will focus on miRNAs aberrantly expressed in DLBCL and discuss the putative mechanisms of this deregulation. Additionally, we will summarize miRNAs' involvement in the identification of DLBCL subgroups, and their potential role as diagnostic/prognostic biomarkers as well as specific therapeutic targets for DLBCL. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  15. Immunoproliferative Small Intestinal Disease Associated with Overwhelming Polymicrobial Gastrointestinal Infection with Transformation to Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewers, Evan C.; Sheffler, Robert L.; Wang, James; Ngauy, Viseth

    2016-01-01

    Immunoproliferative small intestinal disease (IPSID) is an extra-nodal B-cell lymphoma most commonly described in the Mediterranean, Africa, and Asia. It is associated with poverty and poor sanitation, and is rarely encountered in developed countries. A 26-year-old previously healthy, Marshallese male was transferred to our facility with a 6-month history of watery diarrhea, weakness, and cachexia refractory to multiple short courses of oral antibiotics. Stool cultures grew Campylobacter jejuni and Vibrio fluvialis. Endoscopic evaluation showed histologic evidence of Helicobacter pylori gastritis and gross evidence of whipworm infection found in the colon. Mesenteric lymph node biopsy cultures grew Escherichia coli. Histopathology and immunohistochemical stains of the small intestine were consistent with IPSID. He subsequently transformed to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with tonsillar involvement despite treatment with rituximab and an extended course of antibiotics. Systemic chemotherapy with six cycles of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, prednisone, and lenalidomide, resulted in remission of his diffuse B cell lymphoma. This case is illustrative of IPSID developing in a previously healthy individual due to overwhelming polymicrobial gastrointestinal infection by C. jejuni and other enteric pathogens with subsequent transformation to an aggressive DLBCL. IPSID should be considered in residents of developing countries presenting with refractory chronic diarrhea, weight loss, and mesenteric lymphadenopathy. PMID:26903604

  16. Case Report: Epstein-Barr-Virus negative diffuse large B-cell lymphoma detected in a peri-prosthetic membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunitsch, Sandra; Gilg, Magdalena; Kashofer, Karl; Leithner, Andreas; Liegl-Atzwanger, Bernadette; Beham-Schmid, Christine

    2016-08-18

    Primary bone lymphomas (PBL) are extremely rare malignant neoplasms. The most commonly described subtype of PBL is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). DLBCL within peri-prosthetic membrane of a joint is exceedingly rare. To the best of our knowledge this case is the second reported Epstein-Bar-Virus (EBV) negative DLBCL in a peri-prosthetic membrane in the literature. We report an 80 year old female patient who developed a DLBCL with chronic inflammation in association to a metallic implant in the left knee. This lymphoma in contrast to the usually described DLBCL in the peri-prosthetic membrane was EBV negative by EBER in situ hybridization as well as by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This report challenges the concept of DLBCL associated with chronic inflammation and raises the question of other pathogenetic factors involved in the pathogenesis of this rare disease.

  17. Multifocal Gastric Ulcers Caused by Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma in a Patient With Significant Weight Loss

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    Mark A. Gromski MD

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Primary gastrointestinal (GI lymphoma is a heterogeneous disease with varied clinical presentations. The stomach is the most common GI site and accounts for 70% to 75% of GI lymphomas. We present a patient with gastric diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL who presented with significant weight loss, early satiety, and multifocal ulcerated gastric lesions. Esophagoduodenoscopy should be performed in patients presenting with warning symptoms as in our case. Diagnosis is usually made by endoscopic biopsies. Multiple treatment modalities including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy have been used. Advancements in endoscopic and pathologic technology decrease turnaround time for diagnosis and treatment initiation, thus reducing the need for surgery. Health care providers should maintain a high level of suspicion and consider gastric DLBCL as part of the differential diagnosis, especially in those with warning symptoms such as weight loss and early satiety with abnormal endoscopic findings.

  18. Clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in a Taiwanese population of patients with Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Chang-Hsien; Lee, Kam-Fai; Chen, Chih-Cheng; Chen, Yi-Yang; Huang, Cih-En; Tsai, Pei-Shan; Tsou, Hsing-Yi; Chou, Hui-Ju; Chen, Miao-Fen; Chen, Pin-Tsung; Lee, Kuan-Der; Lung, Jrhau

    2014-12-01

    Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is a provisional entity in the 2008 World Health Organization classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues. Reports on the characteristics and clinical outcome of this disease in different geographic regions showed great disparities. To define the clinical characteristics as well as the prognostic impact of Epstein-Barr virus infection on diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in Taiwan, we retrospectively investigated the Epstein-Barr virus status of 89 patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in our institute. Using a cutoff point of positive nuclear staining of Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA-1-in situ hybridization in ≥20% of the examined cells, we identified 15 cases (16.9%) of the entire study cohort as Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The clinical and laboratory features were not different between Epstein-Barr virus-positive and -negative diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients. Univariate analysis showed patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma that were either Epstein-Barr virus-positive or had activated B-cell-like features had an inferior overall survival. Older age, advanced stage and lymphoma with activated B-cell-like features or Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA positivity were independent prognostic factors affecting overall survival on multivariate analysis. Patients with two or three of these adverse-risk factors were considered high risk and fared far worse than patients with no or only one adverse factor. Taken together, we demonstrated that a higher frequency of Epstein-Barr virus association was detected in a Taiwanese cohort of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients, and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA positivity was shown to add important prognostic value in these patients. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma genotyping on the liquid biopsy.

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    Rossi, Davide; Diop, Fary; Spaccarotella, Elisa; Monti, Sara; Zanni, Manuela; Rasi, Silvia; Deambrogi, Clara; Spina, Valeria; Bruscaggin, Alessio; Favini, Chiara; Serra, Roberto; Ramponi, Antonio; Boldorini, Renzo; Foà, Robin; Gaidano, Gianluca

    2017-04-06

    Accessible and real-time genotyping for diagnostic, prognostic, or treatment purposes is increasingly impelling in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is shed into the blood by tumor cells undergoing apoptosis and can be used as source of tumor DNA for the identification of DLBCL mutations, clonal evolution, and genetic mechanisms of resistance. In this study, we aimed at tracking the basal DLBCL genetic profile and its modification upon treatment using plasma cfDNA. Ultra-deep targeted next generation sequencing of pretreatment plasma cfDNA from DLBCL patients correctly discovered DLBCL-associated mutations that were represented in >20% of the alleles of the tumor biopsy with >90% sensitivity and ∼100% specificity. Plasma cfDNA genotyping also allowed for the recovery of mutations that were undetectable in the tissue biopsy, conceivably because, due to spatial tumor heterogeneity, they were restricted to clones that were anatomically distant from the biopsy site. Longitudinal analysis of plasma samples collected under rituximab-cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone (R-CHOP) chemotherapy showed a rapid clearance of DLBCL mutations from cfDNA among responding patients. Conversely, among patients who were resistant to R-CHOP, basal DLBCL mutations did not disappear from cfDNA. In addition, among treatment-resistant patients, new mutations were acquired in cfDNA that marked resistant clones selected during the clonal evolution. These results demonstrate that cfDNA genotyping of DLBCL is as accurate as genotyping of the diagnostic biopsy to detect clonally represented somatic tumor mutations and is a real-time and noninvasive approach to tracking clonal evolution and the emergence of treatment-resistant clones. © 2017 by The American Society of Hematology.

  20. Subsequent primary malignancies after diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the modern treatment era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Li; Clarke, Christina A; Rosenberg, Aaron S; Advani, Ranjana H; Jonas, Brian A; Flowers, Christopher R; Keegan, Theresa H M

    2017-07-01

    With the addition of rituximab and other treatment advances, survival after diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has improved, but subsequent primary malignancies (SPMs) have emerged as an important challenge for DLBCL survivorship. We calculated standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for SPMs among 23 879 patients who survived at least 1 year after a first primary DLBCL diagnosed during 1989-2012, compared to the general population in California. Cumulative incidence (CMI) of SPMs, accounting for the competing risk of death, also was calculated. We found that the incidence of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) nearly doubled in the post-rituximab era [SIR (95% CI) 4·39 (2·51-7·13) pre- (1989-2000) and 8·70 (6·62-11·22) post-rituximab (2001-2012)]. Subsequent thyroid cancer was rare pre-rituximab, but increased substantially after 2001 [0·66 (0·08-2·37) vs. 2·27(1·44-3·41)]. The 5-year CMI for all SPMs (4·77% pre- vs. 5·41% post-rituximab, P = 0·047), AML (0·15% vs. 0·41%, P = 0·003), thyroid cancer (0·03% vs. 0·15%, P = 0·003) and melanoma (0·25% vs. 0·42%, P = 0·020) were greater in DLBCL patients diagnosed in the post- versus pre-rituximab period. This study provides insight into the changing pattern of SPM occurrence after the introduction of rituximab, which may elucidate the aetiology of SPMs and should guide future cancer surveillance efforts among DLBCL patients. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Comparative Study on Rituximab Combined with Chemotherapy and Single Chemotherapy for Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma

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    Ji-feng FENG

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of rituximab combined with chemotherapy and single chemotherapy for diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL. Methods: A total of 97 patients with DLBCL were selected. Patients treated by single chemotherapy were designed as control group, while those by rituximab combined with chemotherapy as observational group. All patients were treated for at least 4 cycles. The short-term and long-term efficacy and related adverse reactions of 2 groups were observed. Results: The rate of complete remission (CR in observational group was significantly higher than in control group (χ2=4.6589, P=0.0309. However, there was no significant difference in objective remission rate (ORR between 2 groups (P=0.3651. The rates of 3-year overall survival (OS, progression-free survival (PFS and disease-free survival (DFS were 80.30% (53/66, 69.70% (46/66 and 59.09% (39/66 in observational group, and 61.29% (19/31, 58.06% (18/31 and 58.06% (18/31 in control group, respectively. The OS in observational group was significantly longer than in control group (P=0.035. However, there was no significant difference in PFS, DFS and rate adverse reactions between 2 groups (P=0.089; P=0.438; χ2=0.1562, P=0.6927. Conclusion: Rituximab combined with chemotherapy can improve the efficacy of DLBCL without increasing the adverse reactions, which can be used as the first-line treatment for DLBCL, thus deserving to be widely applied in clinic.

  2. Prognostic value of tumor necrosis at CT in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

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    Adams, Hugo J.A., E-mail: h.j.a.adams@gmail.com [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht (Netherlands); Klerk, John M.H. de [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Meander Medical Center, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Fijnheer, Rob [Department of Hematology, Meander Medical Center, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Dubois, Stefan V. [Department of Pathology, Meander Medical Center, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Nievelstein, Rutger A.J.; Kwee, Thomas C. [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2015-03-15

    Highlights: •CT is compulsory for staging newly diagnosed DLBCL. •Approximately 13.7% of DLBCL patients have tumor necrosis at CT. •Tumor necrosis status at CT is not associated with any NCCN-IPI factor. •Patients with tumor necrosis at CT have a significantly worse outcome. -- Abstract: Objective: To determine the prognostic value of tumor necrosis at computed tomography (CT) in newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 51 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL who had undergone both unenhanced and intravenous contrast-enhanced CT before R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin and prednisolone) chemo-immunotherapy. Presence of tumor necrosis was visually and quantitatively assessed at CT. Associations between tumor necrosis status at CT and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) International Prognostic Index (IPI) factors were assessed. Cox regression analysis was used to determine the prognostic impact of NCCN-IPI scores and tumor necrosis status at CT. Results: There were no correlations between tumor necrosis status at CT and the NCCN-IPI factors categorized age (ρ = −0.042, P = 0.765), categorized lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ratio (ρ = 0.201, P = 0.156), extranodal disease in major organs (φ = −0.245, P = 0.083), Ann Arbor stage III/IV disease (φ = −0.208, P = 0.141), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (φ = 0.015, P = 0.914). In the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, only tumor necrosis status at CT was an independent predictive factor of progression-free survival (P = 0.003) and overall survival (P = 0.004). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate the prognostic potential of tumor necrosis at CT in newly diagnosed DLBCL.

  3. Centella asiatica increases B-cell lymphoma 2 expression in rat prefrontal cortex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuswati

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background Stress is one of the factors that cause apoptosis in neuronal cells. Centella asiatica has a neuroprotective effect that can inhibit apoptosis. This study aimed to examine the effect of Centella asiatica ethanol extract on B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2 protein expression in the prefrontal cortex of rats. Methods An experimental study was conducted on 34 brain tissue samples from male Sprague Dawley rats exposed to chronic restraint stress for 21 days. The samples were taken from following groups: non-stress group K, negative control group P1 (stress + arabic gum powder, P2 (stress + C.asiatica at 150 mg/kgBW, P3 (stress + C.asiatica at 300 mg/kg BW, P4 (stress + C.asiatica at 600 mg/kg body weight and positive control group P5 (stress + fluoxetine at 10 mg/kgBW. The samples were made into sections that were stained immunohistochemically using Bcl-2 antibody to determine the percentage of cells expressing Bcl-2. Data were analyzed using one way ANOVA test followed by a post - hoc test. Results There were significant differences in mean Bcl-2 expression between the groups receiving Centella asiatica compared with the non-stress group and stress-only group (negative control group (p<0.05. The results were comparable to those of the fluoxetine treatment group. Conclusion The Centella asiatica ethanol extract was able to increase Bcl-2 expression in the prefrontal cortex of Sprague Dawley rats exposed to restraint stress. This study suggests that Centella asiatica may be useful in the treatment of cerebral stress.

  4. The Enhanced International Prognostic Index for Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yan; Wang, Lanlan; Ma, Yanna; Han, Tingting; Huang, Mei

    2017-05-01

    To explore the prognostic value of the enhanced International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) for Asian patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated in the rituximab era. We performed a retrospective analysis of 176 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL. The estimated overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of the different risk groups were discriminated by the International Prognostic Index (IPI), the revised International Prognostic Index (R-IPI) and the NCCN-IPI. With a median follow-up of 18 months, at 3 years, the OS was 73% and the PFS was 65%. The 3-year OS for the 4 NCCN-IPI risk groups were 91% versus 80% versus 57% versus 45% (P < 0.001); the 3-year PFS were 77% versus 72% versus 56% versus 26% (P < 0.001). The 3-year OS of the 4 risk groups discriminated by the IPI ranged from 85-55% (P < 0.001); the 3-year PFS ranged from 81-41% (P < 0.001). The 3-year OS of the 3 distinct prognostic groups by the R-IPI ranged from 86-51% (P < 0.001); the 3-year PFS ranged from 86-47% (P < 0.001). The 3-year OS and PFS of the high-risk group according to the NCCN-IPI were lower than the IPI and R-IPI. Using the NCCN-IPI, the outcomes among the risk groups spanned a large range, and the survival of the high-risk group was significantly different from the high-intermediate risk group. The NCCN-IPI is a clinically useful prognostic index for patients with DLBCL treated in the rituximab era, especially for high-risk patients. Copyright © 2017 Southern Society for Clinical Investigation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. microRNA profiling in Epstein–Barr virus-associated B-cell lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imig, Jochen; Motsch, Natalie; Zhu, Jia Yun; Barth, Stephanie; Okoniewski, Michal; Reineke, Tanja; Tinguely, Marianne; Faggioni, Alberto; Trivedi, Pankaj; Meister, Gunter; Renner, Christoph; Grässer, Friedrich A.

    2011-01-01

    The Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) is an oncogenic human Herpes virus found in ∼15% of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). EBV encodes miRNAs and induces changes in the cellular miRNA profile of infected cells. MiRNAs are small, non-coding RNAs of ∼19–26 nt which suppress protein synthesis by inducing translational arrest or mRNA degradation. Here, we report a comprehensive miRNA-profiling study and show that hsa-miR-424, -223, -199a-3p, -199a-5p, -27b, -378, -26b, -23a, -23b were upregulated and hsa-miR-155, -20b, -221, -151-3p, -222, -29b/c, -106a were downregulated more than 2-fold due to EBV-infection of DLBCL. All known EBV miRNAs with the exception of the BHRF1 cluster as well as EBV-miR-BART15 and -20 were present. A computational analysis indicated potential targets such as c-MYB, LATS2, c-SKI and SIAH1. We show that c-MYB is targeted by miR-155 and miR-424, that the tumor suppressor SIAH1 is targeted by miR-424, and that c-SKI is potentially regulated by miR-155. Downregulation of SIAH1 protein in DLBCL was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. The inhibition of SIAH1 is in line with the notion that EBV impedes various pro-apoptotic pathways during tumorigenesis. The down-modulation of the oncogenic c-MYB protein, although counter-intuitive, might be explained by its tight regulation in developmental processes. PMID:21062812

  6. Primary bladder lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell type: Case report and literature review of 26 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W Greg Simpson

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary lymphoma of the urinary bladder is exceedingly rare, representing 0.2% of all extranodal non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma. Although Matsuno et al. and others state the most common type is mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma, 20% of all the primary lymphomas of the urinary bladder are considered to be high grade neoplasms; the majority being diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. This is a case report of a 48-year-old man that presented with hematuria, frequency, nocturia, and flank pain that was found to have high grade DLBCL. Twenty-six other cases of both low and high grade primary bladder lymphomas were selected in order to provide a thorough comparison of different treatment modalities. Of the cases reviewed, bladder lymphoma was more common in females (2:1. The average age at diagnosis was 63.9 years old (low grade: 68.7 years old, high grade: 58.8 years old. The most common low-grade neoplasm was MALT lymphoma (85.7%. For the low-grade malignancies, the most successful treatments were simple therapies (2 transurethral resection of a bladder tumour [TURBT], 1 antibiotics, solitary chemotherapy, and combination TURBT/chemo; all 3 of which achieved 100% clinical remission (CR in the cases reviewed. The most common high grade neoplasm was DLBCL (76.9%. The most successful therapies used to treat high grade lesions were solitary chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, duanorubacin, vincristine, prednisolone [CHOP] or ritoximab, CHOP [R-CHOP] and combination therapies (2 radiation/CHOP, 2 surgery/CHOP. In the agreement with the current literature, this review has shown that simple therapies (TURBT are equally as effective as aggressive treatments (chemotherapy, radiation and should therefore be used as first line treatment in low grade tumors. For high grade malignancies, chemotherapy (R-CHOP or CHOP alone or combination therapy (CHOP/surgery or CHOP/radiation is recommended.

  7. Lenalidomide Maintenance Compared With Placebo in Responding Elderly Patients With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Treated With First-Line Rituximab Plus Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, and Prednisone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thieblemont, Catherine; Tilly, Hervé; Gomes da Silva, Maria; Casasnovas, Rene-Olivier; Fruchart, Christophe; Morschhauser, Franck; Haioun, Corinne; Lazarovici, Julien; Grosicka, Anida; Perrot, Aurore; Trotman, Judith; Sebban, Catherine; Caballero, Dolores; Greil, Richard; van Eygen, Koen; Cohen, Amos M; Gonzalez, Hugo; Bouabdallah, Reda; Oberic, Lucie; Corront, Bernadette; Choufi, Bachra; Lopez-Guillermo, Armando; Catalano, John; Van Hoof, Achiel; Briere, Josette; Cabeçadas, Jose; Salles, Gilles; Gaulard, Philippe; Bosly, Andre; Coiffier, Bertrand

    2017-08-01

    Purpose The standard treatment of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is rituximab in combination with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). Lenalidomide, an immunomodulatory agent, has shown activity in DLBCL. This randomized phase III trial compared lenalidomide as maintenance therapy with placebo in elderly patients with DLBCL who achieved a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) to R-CHOP induction. Methods Patients with previously untreated DLBCL or other aggressive B-cell lymphoma were 60 to 80 years old, had CR or PR after six or eight cycles of R-CHOP, and were randomly assigned to lenalidomide maintenance 25 mg/d or placebo for 21 days of every 28-day cycle for 24 months. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Results A total of 650 patients were randomly assigned. At the time of the primary analysis (December 2015), with a median follow-up of 39 months from random assignment, median PFS was not reached for lenalidomide maintenance versus 58.9 months for placebo (hazard ratio, 0.708; 95% CI, 0.537 to 0.933; P = .01). The result was consistent among analyzed subgroups (eg, male v female, age-adjusted International Prognostic Index 0 or 1 v 2 or 3, age younger than 70 v ≥ 70 years), response (PR v CR) after R-CHOP, and positron emission tomography status at assignment (negative v positive). With longer median follow-up of 52 months (October 2016), overall survival was similar between arms (hazard ratio, 1.218; 95% CI, 0.861 to 1.721; P = .26). Most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events associated with lenalidomide versus placebo maintenance were neutropenia (56% v 22%) and cutaneous reactions (5% v 1%), respectively. Conclusion Lenalidomide maintenance for 24 months after obtaining a CR or PR to R-CHOP significantly prolonged PFS in elderly patients with DLBCL.

  8. Clinical implication of genome-wide profiling in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and other subtypes of B-cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iqbal, Javeed; Joshi, Shantaram; Patel, Kavita N

    2007-01-01

    of Lymphoid Neoplasms (REAL) and World Health Organization (WHO) classifications. These classification methods were based on histological, immunophenotypic and cytogenetic markers and widely accepted by pathologists and oncologists worldwide. During last several decades, great progress has been made...... technology. The genome-wide transcriptional measurement, also called gene expression profile (GEP) can accurately define the biological phenotype of the tumor. In this review, important discoveries made by genome-wide GEP in understanding the biology of lymphoma and additionally the diagnostic and prognostic...

  9. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with involvement of the kidney: outcome and risk of central nervous system relapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villa, Diego; Connors, Joseph M; Sehn, Laurie H; Gascoyne, Randy D; Savage, Kerry J

    2011-07-01

    Renal involvement is uncommon in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Recent data suggest that it is an independent risk factor for central nervous system relapse. We reviewed the clinical features, risk of central nervous system involvement, and survival of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with involvement of the kidney at diagnosis. All patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and renal involvement diagnosed from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 2008 at the British Columbia Cancer Agency were retrospectively identified in the Lymphoid Cancer Database. Patients were included if they were 16 years old or over, had advanced stage disease [stage III/IV, or stage I/II with B symptoms or bulky mass (>10 cm)] and were treated with curative intent. Central nervous system involvement was diagnosed by cerebrospinal fluid cytology, radiology or clinically. We identified 55/2656 (2%) patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and renal involvement at diagnosis. The male to female ratio was 2:1. The patients' median age was 58 years. Bilateral renal involvement was present in 24 (44%) and stage IV disease in 50 (91%). The International Prognostic Index score was 3, 4 or 5 in 52 (95%), the glomerular filtration rate was less than 30 mL/min/m² in 9 (16%) and elevated lactate dehydrogenase was recorded in 46 (84%). Twenty-five (46%) patients received CHOP plus rituximab and 30 (54%) received CHOP-like regimens without rituximab. In total, 20 (36%) patients had central nervous system involvement: four at the time of diagnosis and 16 at relapse. The median time to central nervous system relapse was 5.6 months (range, 1.2 months-4.6 years), and was not affected by the addition of rituximab (P=0.547). The 5-year overall and progression-free survival rates for the whole cohort were 29% and 25%, respectively. In patients who received rituximab, there were trends towards improved 5-year overall survival (43% versus 18%, P=0.071) and progression-free survival (40% versus 13%, P

  10. Rituximab plus Ifosfamide, Carboplatin and Etoposide for T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich B-Cell Lymphoma Arising in Nodular Lymphocyte-Predominant Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyung-Chul Park

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A small subset of patients with nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NLPHLs develop a non-Hodgkin lymphoma either concurrently or subsequently, usuallyT-cell/histiocyte-rich B-cell lymphomas (T/HRBCL, which are subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL. The standard treatment of DLBCL patients is rituximab-based chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine and prednisolone. However, the administration of this chemotherapy regimen to patients with DLBCL arising in NLPHL brings concern about the cardiac toxicity of anthracycline because the majority of these patients had already received anthracycline-based chemotherapy with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine at the time of NLPHL. Herein, we report 2 patients with sequential transformation of NLPHL to T/HRBCL. They initially presented with limited-stage NLPHL and subsequently developed T/HRBCL after 16 and 8 months, respectively. At the time of T/HRBCL, they were treated with rituximab, ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide, and complete responses were obtained.

  11. Assessment of CD37 B-cell antigen and cell of origin significantly improves risk prediction in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu-Monette, Zijun Y; Li, Ling; Byrd, John C; Jabbar, Kausar J; Manyam, Ganiraju C; Maria de Winde, Charlotte; van den Brand, Michiel; Tzankov, Alexandar; Visco, Carlo; Wang, Jing; Dybkaer, Karen; Chiu, April; Orazi, Attilio; Zu, Youli; Bhagat, Govind; Richards, Kristy L; Hsi, Eric D; Choi, William W L; Huh, Jooryung; Ponzoni, Maurilio; Ferreri, Andrés J M; Møller, Michael B; Parsons, Ben M; Winter, Jane N; Wang, Michael; Hagemeister, Frederick B; Piris, Miguel A; Han van Krieken, J; Medeiros, L Jeffrey; Li, Yong; van Spriel, Annemiek B; Young, Ken H

    2016-12-29

    CD37 (tetraspanin TSPAN26) is a B-cell surface antigen widely expressed on mature B cells. CD37 is involved in immune regulation and tumor suppression but its function has not been fully elucidated. We assessed CD37 expression in de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and investigated its clinical and biologic significance in 773 patients treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) and 231 patients treated with CHOP. We found that CD37 loss (CD37(-)) in ∼60% of DLBCL patients showed significantly decreased survival after R-CHOP treatment, independent of the International Prognostic Index (IPI), germinal center B-cell-like (GCB)/activated B-cell-like (ABC) cell of origin, nodal/extranodal primary origin, and the prognostic factors associated with CD37(-), including TP53 mutation, NF-κB(high), Myc(high), phosphorylated STAT3(high), survivin(high), p63(-), and BCL6 translocation. CD37 positivity predicted superior survival, abolishing the prognostic impact of high IPI and above biomarkers in GCB-DLBCL but not in ABC-DLBCL. Combining risk scores for CD37(-) status and ABC cell of origin with the IPI, defined as molecularly adjusted IPI for R-CHOP (M-IPI-R), or IPI plus immunohistochemistry (IHC; IPI+IHC) for CD37, Myc, and Bcl-2, significantly improved risk prediction over IPI alone. Gene expression profiling suggested that decreased CD20 and increased PD-1 levels in CD37(-) DLBCL, ICOSLG upregulation in CD37(+) GCB-DLBCL, and CD37 functions during R-CHOP treatment underlie the pivotal role of CD37 status in clinical outcomes. In conclusion, CD37 is a critical determinant of R-CHOP outcome in DLBCL especially in GCB-DLBCL, representing its importance for optimal rituximab action and sustained immune responses. The combined molecular and clinical prognostic indices, M-IPI-R and IPI+IHC, have remarkable predictive values in R-CHOP-treated DLBCL. © 2016 by The American Society of Hematology.

  12. T cell lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphoma associated with a microenvironment of thymic asteroid B cells in the bone marrow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naresh, Kikkeri N; May, Philippa C; Reid, Alistair G; Marks, Alexandra J; Macdonald, Donald; Kanfer, Ed

    2010-10-01

      Asteroid B cells are a component of normal thymus. It is currently unclear whether these cells are identifiable in T cell lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphoma (T-ALL/LBL) of the thymus. The aim of this study was to identify asteroid B cells both in thymic and extrathymic tissue involved by T-ALL/LBL.   Thymic, lymph node (LN) and bone marrow trephine biopsy (BMTB) samples from eight patients with T-ALL/LBL were reviewed. All had been investigated by immunohistochemistry and one by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). The BMTB samples of two of eight T-ALL/LBLs and LN sample in one of them showed the presence of asteroid-shaped B cells with dendritic cytoplasmic processes. These B cells also expressed CD23 and the features were akin to the unique thymic asteroid B cells. Both patients had aggressive/resistant disease. Cytogenetic analysis in one showed a complex translocation involving the T cell receptor beta (TCRB) gene at 7q35 and a distal region of 9q known to harbour the NOTCH1 gene.   This is the first report of T-ALL/LBL documenting the presence of an asteroid B cell-rich microenvironment at bone marrow and LN sites. In this small subset, T-ALL/LBL cells are possibly dependent upon asteroid B cells, and whether targeting of asteroid B cells with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody in such cases will result in clinical benefit remains to be determined. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Limited.

  13. Renal small B-cell lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation presenting with monoclonal gammopathy and disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula de Oliveira Pádua Prestes

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Primary renal lymphomas are very rare. However, the kidney may be a site of metastasis, usually from a disseminated aggressive lymphoma. A 58-year-old woman was brought to the medical facility due to acute mental confusion, severe hypotension, septic shock, and signs of disseminated intravascular coagulation. Laboratory tests showed severe leukopenia, renal failure, altered liver function, and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase levels. Protein electrophoresis revealed hypergammaglobulinemia with a monoclonal peak of IgG lambda. The clinical outcome was fulminant and the patient died less than 24 hours after admission. Autopsy revealed an indolent B-cell lymphoma with extensive plasmacytic differentiation infiltrating the right renal sinus and involving the submandibular and sublingual glands, cervical and peri-aortic lymph nodes, multiple microscopic foci in pituitary and adrenal glands, lung, breast, liver, thyroid, and bone marrow. Numerous IgG4-positive plasma cells were detected by immunohistochemistry although other histological features of IgG4-related disease were missing. There was also extensive hemorrhagic necrosis of the adrenal glands and purulent cystitis, which was probably responsible for the septic shock. The authors concluded that the kidney was most likely the primary site of the indolent lymphoma, as that was the site with the largest tumor mass. Infiltration of other organs was considered as dissemination of the disease. The differential diagnosis with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue and lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma is discussed.

  14. B-cell clonal detection in gastric low-grade lymphomas and regional lymph nodes: an immunohistologic and molecular study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, L; Algara, P; Villuendas, R; Martinez, P; Orradre, J L; Morente, M; Piris, M A

    1993-03-01

    Gastric low-grade B cell lymphomas originating in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues are composed of reactive hyperplastic germinal centers and interfollicular centrocyte-like cells. Their polymorphic, histologic composition and infrequent dissemination beyond the gastric wall led to the denomination of these tumors as "pseudolymphomas." To elucidate their clonal character, a Southern blot study of DNA and immunohistological study was carried out on 14 cases of surgical specimens from gastrectomy (11 low-grade and three high-grade tumors). Monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies were used on frozen and paraffin sections. A mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue origin for the tumors was assigned due to their centrocyte-like morphology and the presence of lymphoepithelial lesions. Southern blot analysis of DNA and immunohistological results confirm the monoclonal composition of gastric low-grade lymphomas in all cases. Although both types of technique correlated well on the predominant light-chain, Southern blot DNA study was nevertheless more sensitive than the immunohistochemical techniques. Surprisingly, in two cases of gastric low-grade lymphoma, Southern blot DNA analysis of histologically reactive regional lymph nodes showed an unexpected immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement. This coincided with that found in the gastric wall. Results confirm the monoclonal nature of the low-grade gastric lymphoma. This supports consideration of this tumor as an indolent primary lymphoma of the stomach, confirming the suitability of excluding the term "pseudolymphoma." Involvement of regional lymph nodes may be a more frequent occurrence than previously detected through morphological study.

  15. An unusual case of cutaneous blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm with concomitant B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Jay L; Shetty, Shashirekha; Salama, Mohamed E

    2011-05-01

    Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm is a rare hematologic malignancy characterized by aggressive clinical behavior and frequent cutaneous involvement. We describe a case of a 64-year-old man with a rapidly enlarging subcutaneous forearm mass. Histologic examination of the excisional biopsy specimen revealed a diffuse proliferation of atypical hematolymphoid cells in the dermis extending to the deep subcutaneous soft tissues. Occasional aggregates of small lymphocytes were noted to be distributed within the mass. The tumor cells expressed CD4, CD45, CD56, CD123, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) but not CD3, CD20, or CD34. A diagnosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm was rendered. Chromosome analysis revealed a 45 X, -Y karyotype. In addition, flow cytometry identified a small population of monoclonal B cells. A staging bone marrow aspirate and biopsy was performed, which showed normal cytogenetics and no evidence of involvement by blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm. Flow cytometric evaluation of the bone marrow revealed a CD5-negative, CD10-negative monoclonal B-cell population consistent with a B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder. This is a very unusual example of cutaneous blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm with a novel cytogenetic finding and concomitant B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder. Although previously not reported, our case shows that blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm may be associated with lymphoid malignancy. The relationship between the 2 neoplasms, however, is unclear. A high degree of suspicion and bone marrow examination in patients with a new diagnosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm is required to avoid this potential diagnostic pitfall.

  16. Primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma shows an activated B-cell-like phenotype with co-expression of C-MYC, BCL-2, and BCL-6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaomei; Huang, Ying; Bi, Chengfeng; Yuan, Ji; He, Hong; Zhang, Hong; Yu, QiuBo; Fu, Kai; Li, Dan

    2017-06-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma, whose main prognostic factor is closely related to germinal center B-cell-like subtype (GCB- DLBCL) or activated B-cell-like type (non-GCB-DLBCL). The most common type of primary central nervous system lymphoma is diffuse large B-cell type with poor prognosis and the reason is unclear. This study aims to stratify primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PCNS-DLBCL) according to the cell-of-origin (COO) and to investigate the multiple proteins expression of C-MYC, BCL-6, BCL-2, TP53, further to elucidate the reason why primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma possesses a poor clinical outcome as well. Nineteen cases of primary central nervous system DLBCL were stratified according to immunostaining algorithms of Hans, Choi and Meyer (Tally) and we investigated the multiple proteins expression of C-MYC, BCL-6, BCL-2, TP53. The Epstein-Barr virus and Borna disease virus infection were also detected. Among nineteen cases, most (15-17 cases) were assigned to the activated B-cell-like subtype, highly expression of C-MYC (15 cases, 78.9%), BCL-2 (10 cases, 52.6%), BCL-6 (15 cases, 78.9%). Unfortunately, two cases were positive for PD-L1 while PD-L2 was not expressed in any case. Two cases infected with BDV but no one infected with EBV. In conclusion, most primary central nervous system DLBCLs show an activated B-cell-like subtype characteristic and have multiple expressions of C-MYC, BCL-2, BCL-6 protein, these features might be significant factor to predict the outcome and guide treatment of PCNS-DLBCLs. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  17. Gastric low-grade MALT lymphoma, high-grade MALT lymphoma and diffuse large B cell lymphoma show different frequencies of trisomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeve, M A; Gisbertz, I A; Schouten, H C; Schuuring, E; Bot, F J; Hermans, J; Hopman, A; Kluin, P M; Arends, J E; van Krieken, J H

    1999-01-01

    Gastric MALT lymphoma is a distinct entity related to Helicobacter pylori gastritis. Some studies suggest a role for trisomy 3 in the genesis of these lymphomas, but they mainly focused on low-grade MALT lymphoma. Gastric MALT lymphoma, however, comprises a spectrum from low- to high-grade cases.

  18. [Results of immuno-chemotherapeutic treatment of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Tamás; Molnár, Zsuzsanna; Deák, Beáta; Várady, Erika; Tóth, Erika; Csomor, Judit; Matolcsy, András; Lovey, József; Lengyel, Zsolt; Petri, Klára; Gaudi, István; Rosta, András

    2009-11-01

    Treatment with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone (CHOP) has been considered as the standard therapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) for more than 20 years. CHOP treatment in combination with targeted immunotherapy, rituximab (R-CHOP), resulted in significant improvements in the treatment of this group of patients. In this study, efficacy of R-CHOP and R-CHOP-like treatments was analysed. Results were compared to the data of historical patients only receiving CHOP treatment or CHOP-like treatment. Between September 2002 and April 2005, 140 newly diagnosed, untreated DLBCL patients started to receive R-CHOP treatment in a single centre. The eligibility criteria included advanced stage (clinical stages III-IV), or large tumour size (>7 cm) and/or symptom B or extranodal manifestation in the case of clinical stages I-II. The results were compared to the data of 130 patients only receiving CHOP treatment in the past. In the patients receiving R-CHOP, the therapeutic outcomes were superior for all parameters. During an average follow-up period of 44 or 52 months, the overall remission rate was 73.6% in the R-CHOP group in comparison with 47.7% in the CHOP group. The 5-year overall survival was 68.6% vs. 41.0% (RR: 0.4293, CI: 0.2963-0.6221; p analyses. The 5-year overall survival was 74.4% vs. 47.9% (RR: 0.4475, CI: 0.2418-0.8285; p = 0.0084) and 52.0% vs. 28.8% (RR: 0.4989, CI: 0.3098-0.8035; p = 0.003) in the group with good prognosis and in the group with poor prognosis, respectively. In the group with very good prognosis, the statistical difference between the two groups in terms of the 5-year survival parameters remained undetectable as a result of the already very high therapeutic effect and low case number (OS and EFS: CHOP: 100% and 62.5% vs. R-CHOP: 90.9% and 87.0%; p = 0.3873 and p = 0.1702). Combining the standard CHOP treatment with rituximab resulted in a significant improvement of the therapeutic outcomes irrespective of

  19. Hypercalcemia and huge splenomegaly presenting in an elderly patient with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tirgari Farrokh

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Hypercalcemia is the major electrolyte abnormality in patients with malignant tumors. It can be due to localized osteolytic hypercalcemia or elaboration of humoral substances such as parathyroid hormone-related protein from tumoral cells. In hematological malignancies, a third mechanism of uncontrolled synthesis and secretion of 1-25(OH2D3 from tumoral cells or neighboring macrophages may contribute to the problem. However, hypercalcemia is quite unusual in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Case presentation An 85-year-old Caucasian woman presented with low grade fever, anorexia, abdominal discomfort and fullness in her left abdomen for the last six months. She was mildly anemic and complained of fatigability. She had huge splenomegaly and was hypercalcemic. After correction of her hypercalcemia, she had a splenectomy. Microscopic evaluation revealed a malignant lymphoma. Her immunohistochemistry was positive for leukocyte common antigen, CD20 and parathyroid hormone-related peptide. Conclusion Immunopositivity for parathyroid hormone-related peptide clearly demonstrates that hypersecretion of a parathyroid hormone-like substance from the tumor had led to hypercalcemia in this case. High serum calcium is seen in only seven to eight percent of patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, apparently due to different mechanisms. Evaluation of serum parathyroid hormone-related protein and 1-25(OH2D3 can be helpful in diagnosis and management. It should be noted that presentation with hypercalcemia has a serious impact on prognosis and survival.

  20. Management of cutaneous T cell lymphoma: new and emerging targets and treatment options

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li JY

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Janet Y Li1, Steven Horwitz2, Alison Moskowitz2, Patricia L Myskowski3, Melissa Pulitzer4, Christiane Querfeld31College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 2Department of Medicine, Lymphoma Service, 3Department of Medicine, Dermatology Service, 4Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USAAbstract: Cutaneous T cell lymphomas (CTCL clinically and biologically represent a heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin lymphomas, with mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome being the most common subtypes. Over the last decade, new immunological and molecular pathways have been identified that not only influence CTCL phenotype and growth, but also provide targets for therapies and prognostication. This review will focus on recent advances in the development of therapeutic agents, including bortezomib, the histone deacetylase inhibitors (vorinostat and romidepsin, and pralatrexate in CTCL.Keywords: novel targets, histone deacetylase inhibitors, pralatrexate, bortezomib, cutaneous T cell lymphoma

  1. Fas receptor clustering and involvement of the death receptor pathway in rituximab-mediated apoptosis with concomitant sensitization of lymphoma B cells to Fas-induced apoptosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stel, Alia J.; ten Cate, Bram; Jacobs, Susan; Kok, Jan Willem; Spierings, Diana C. J.; Dondorff, Monica; Helfrich, Wijnand; Kluin-Nelemans, Hanneke C.; de Leij, Lou F. A. H.; Withoff, Sebo; Kroesen, Bart Jan

    2007-01-01

    Ab binding to CD20 has been shown to induce apoptosis in B cells. In this study, we demonstrate that rituximab sensitizes lymphoma B cells to Fas-induced apoptosis in a caspase-8-dependent manner. To elucidate the mechanism by which Rituximab affects Fas-mediated cell death, we investigated

  2. DUSP4 deficiency caused by promoter hypermethylation drives JNK signaling and tumor cell survival in diffuse large B cell lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, Corina A.; Robinson, Mark D.; Scheifinger, Nicole A.; Müller, Sebastian; Cogliatti, Sergio; Tzankov, Alexandar

    2015-01-01

    The epigenetic dysregulation of tumor suppressor genes is an important driver of human carcinogenesis. We have combined genome-wide DNA methylation analyses and gene expression profiling after pharmacological DNA demethylation with functional screening to identify novel tumor suppressors in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We find that a CpG island in the promoter of the dual-specificity phosphatase DUSP4 is aberrantly methylated in nodal and extranodal DLBCL, irrespective of ABC or GCB subtype, resulting in loss of DUSP4 expression in 75% of >200 examined cases. The DUSP4 genomic locus is further deleted in up to 13% of aggressive B cell lymphomas, and the lack of DUSP4 is a negative prognostic factor in three independent cohorts of DLBCL patients. Ectopic expression of wild-type DUSP4, but not of a phosphatase-deficient mutant, dephosphorylates c-JUN N-terminal kinase (JNK) and induces apoptosis in DLBCL cells. Pharmacological or dominant-negative JNK inhibition restricts DLBCL survival in vitro and in vivo and synergizes strongly with the Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor ibrutinib. Our results indicate that DLBCL cells depend on JNK signaling for survival. This finding provides a mechanistic basis for the clinical development of JNK inhibitors in DLBCL, ideally in synthetic lethal combinations with inhibitors of chronic active B cell receptor signaling. PMID:25847947

  3. Apresentação cutânea inicial de linfomas na infância Initial cutaneous manifestation of lymphomas in children

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    Maria Christina Lopes Araujo de Oliveira

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Os linfomas cutâneos compreendem um grupo heterogêneo de desordens linfoproliferativas que envolvem a pele e são classificados como um subgrupo dos linfomas não Hodgkin. No período de 1981 a 2007, 100 casos de linfomas em crianças foram admitidos no Serviço de Hematologia, do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, sendo que nove apresentaram manifestação cutânea inicial. Três pacientes foram classificados como linfoma cutâneo primário e seis como sistêmicos. Sete pacientes apresentaram linfoma de células T, um, linfoma linfoblástico B e um, imunofenótipo indefinido. Nenhum óbito ocorreu nos pacientes com linfoma cutâneo primárioCutaneous lymphomas comprise a heterogeneous group of lymphoproliferative disorders with skin involvement and are classified as a subgroup of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. From 1981 to 2007, 100 children with non-Hodgkin lymphomas were admitted to the Hematology Unit of the Federal University of Minas Gerais Teaching Hospital. In nine of these children, the skin was involved at the onset of the disease. Three patients were classified as having primary cutaneous lymphoma, while in six the disease was systemic with cutaneous involvement. In seven patients, the immunophenotype was T-cell, in one it was B-cell, and in the remaining case the immunophenotype was indefinable. No deaths occurred in any of the children with primary cutaneous lymphoma

  4. Malignant T cells exhibit CD45 resistant Stat 3 activation and proliferation in cutaneous T cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejsgaard, T; Helvad, Rikke; Ralfkiær, Elisabeth

    2010-01-01

    CD45 is a protein tyrosine phosphatase, which is well-known for regulating antigen receptor signalling in T and B cells via its effect on Src kinases. It has recently been shown that CD45 can also dephosphorylate Janus kinases (Jaks) and thereby regulate Signal transducer and activator...... of transcription (Stat) activation and cytokine-induced proliferation in lymphocytes. Consequently, CD45 dysregulation could be implicated in aberrant Jak/Stat activation and proliferation in lymphoproliferative diseases. Despite high expression of the CD45 ligand, Galectin-1, in skin lesions from cutaneous T......-cell lymphoma (CTCL), the malignant T cells exhibit constitutive activation of the Jak3/Stat3 signalling pathway and uncontrolled proliferation. We show that CD45 expression is down-regulated on malignant T cells when compared to non-malignant T cells established from CTCL skin lesions. Moreover, CD45 cross...

  5. Primary B cell Lymphoma of the tongue: a case report | Hmidi | Pan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Malignant lymphoma of the oral cavity is rare and of the tongue even rarer. Location of oral lymphomas is more frequent in masticatory mucosa than in movable mucosa; the lingual and buccal mucosa is rarely involved; whereas the gingival vestibule and Waldeyer's ring seem to be the most frequent site of occurrence.

  6. Imprint cytology facilitating the diagnosis of primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma of iliac fossa

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    Suman Singh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (C-ALCL is a form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma that is characterized by solitary nodules and plaques. In this report, the authors present an unusual case of a 59-year-old male with a solitary ulcerofungative mass in the left iliac fossa clinically masquerading as sqaumous cell carcinoma. The imprint smears of the lesion had characterstic morphological features which helped in the diagnosis. Subsequently, the imprint cytology correlated well with the histopathology and immunohistochemical studies highlighting its utility as simple, rapid, and easy test.

  7. [Role of stem cell transplantation in treatment of primary cutaneous T‑cell lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stranzenbach, R; Theurich, S; Schlaak, M

    2017-09-01

    Within the heterogeneous group of cutaneous T‑cell lymphomas (CTCL) the therapeutic options for advanced and progressive forms are particularly limited. The therapeutic value of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in CTCL was analyzed. A literature search using the keywords "hematopoietic stem cell transplantation" and "cutaneous T‑cell lymphoma" was performed in PubMed. Studies between 1990 and 2017 were taken into account. The studies identified were analyzed for relevance and being up to date. After reviewing the currently available literature no prospective randomized studies were found. Wu et al. showed a superiority of allogeneic transplantation in a comparison of autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation for cutaneous lymphoma. The graft-versus-lymphoma effect plays a significant role in a prolonged progression-free survival after allogeneic transplantation. By using a non-myeloablative conditioning regimen, stem cell transplantation can also be an option for elderly patients. The most extensive long-term data after allogeneic stem cell transplantation were reported by Duarte et al. in 2014. Autologous stem cell transplantation does not currently represent a therapeutic option, whereas allogeneic stem cell transplantation for advanced cutaneous T‑cell lymphoma, using a non-myeloablative conditioning scheme, does represent a therapeutic option. However, there is no consensus on the appropriate patients and the right timing. Morbidity and mortality of complications should be taken into account. Thus, this procedure is currently subject to an individual case decision.

  8. NF-κB p50 activation associated with immune dysregulation confers poorer survival for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients with wild-type p53

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cai, Qingqing; Tu, Meifeng; Xu-Monette, Zijun Y

    2017-01-01

    -AKT, and CXCR4 expression and less frequent BCL2 translocations. In contrast, in germinal center B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients with TP53 mutations, p50(+) nuclear expression correlated with significantly better clinical outcomes, and decreased p53, Bcl-2, and Myc expression. Gene expression...... without TP53 mutations. The results also provide insights into the regulation and function of p50 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and its cross talk with the p53 pathway with important therapeutic implications....

  9. Collision of Lymphoepithelioma-like Carcinoma with Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma of the Stomach: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Liyan; Zhao, Huishan; Sheng, Lin; Yang, Ping; Zhou, Huihui; Wang, Ruizheng

    2017-08-01

    Collision of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the stomach is extremely rare. Herein we report a case of LELC with primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the stomach in a 65-year-old patient. Gastric endoscopy showed a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of the stomach. The patient underwent radical gastrectomy, and histopathological examinations revealed the collision of LELC and DLBCL of the stomach. In situ hybridization showed that most carcinoma cells of LELC were positive for EBV-encoded small RNA (EBER) suggesting that the virus infection happened in the early stage of tumorigenesis, while DLBCL was negative. This is the first report of collision of EBV-associated LELC with primary DLBCL of the stomach. Copyright© 2017, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

  10. The CXCR4 antagonist plerixafor enhances the effect of rituximab in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinholdt, Linn; Laursen, Maria Bach; Schmitz, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive disease with variable clinical outcome, accounting for at least 25-30 % of adult non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Approximately one third of DLBCL patients are not cured by the currently used treatment regimen, R-CHOP. Hence, new treatment...... the therapeutic effect of rituximab, the immunotherapeutic agent of R-CHOP; but this is yet to be confirmed for DLBCL. We, therefore, investigated the effect of plerixafor on DLBCL cellular response to rituximab. METHODS: In this in vitro study, human DLBCL cell lines were treated with rituximab and/or plerixafor....... RESULTS: We observed that simultaneous addition of plerixafor and rituximab resulted in a significant decrease in DLBCL cellular proliferation, compared to monotherapeutic response. The effect was dose-dependent, and concomitant administration was observed to be superior to sequential drug administration...

  11. Clinical impact of metformin in diabetic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkhatib, Yaser; Abdel Rahman, Zaid; Kuriakose, Philip

    2017-05-01

    Molecular studies have shown metformin to have a promising effect in lymphoma; however, there is lack of studies translating this effect into clinical settings. This was a case-control study to assess the clinical effect of metformin in diabetic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Case subjects were diabetic on metformin with a new diagnosis of DLBCL. A total of 24 case subjects were identified, and for each case a control was matched. Outcomes of this study were to assess overall response rate, complete remission rate, progression free survival, and overall survival between the two groups. There was a significant increase in overall response rate, complete remission rate, and improved progression free survival in the metformin group compared to the control group, however, no significant overall survival difference was observed. Metformin use might be associated with an improved response rates and progression-free survival in diabetic DLBCL patients.

  12. Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma of the Cerebellopontine Angle in a Patient with Sudden Hearing Loss and Facial Palsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao-Ting Wang

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Primary lymphoma of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA is rare in the central nervous system. To our knowledge, there have only been 14 cases reported worldwide so far. Here, we report our findings in a 57-year-old man, who presented with bilateral sudden hearing loss followed by left facial palsy within 1 month. Radiologic study and magnetic resonance imaging showed a homogeneous enhancing mass, 1.6 × 0.5 × 1.1 cm in size, in the left CPA cistern region with mild extension to the left internal auditory canal. The tumor was removed through left retromastoid craniectomy, and the histopathologic diagnosis of the tumor was confirmed as diffuse large B-cell type malignant lymphoma. After a series of tumor surveys, there was no evidence of other original lymphoma. The patient was treated with chemotherapy (including intra-Ommaya injection with methotrexate and Ara-C and systemic injection with vincristine, methotrexate and ifosfamide for the primary CPA lymphoma. He was still alive 19 months after the initial treatment.

  13. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with testicular involvement: outcome and risk of CNS relapse in the rituximab era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kridel, Robert; Telio, David; Villa, Diego; Sehn, Laurie H; Gerrie, Alina S; Shenkier, Tamara; Klasa, Richard; Slack, Graham W; Tan, King; Gascoyne, Randy D; Connors, Joseph M; Savage, Kerry J

    2017-01-01

    The addition of rituximab has improved outcomes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), however, there remains limited information on the impact of rituximab in those with testicular involvement. All patients with diffuse large cell lymphoma and testicular involvement treated with curative intent were identified in the British Columbia Cancer Agency Lymphoid Cancer Database. In total, 134 patients diagnosed between 1982 and 2015 with diffuse large cell lymphoma involving the testis were identified: 61 received CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone)-like chemotherapy and 73 received CHOP plus rituximab (R-CHOP). A greater proportion of R-CHOP treated patients had higher International Prognostic Index (IPI, P = 0·005). In multivariate analysis, the protective effect of rituximab on progression-free survival (hazard ratio (HR) 0·42, P survival (HR 0·39, P < 0·001) and cumulative incidence of progression (HR 0·46, P = 0·014) were independent of the IPI. However, in a competing risk multivariate analysis including central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis and the CNS-IPI, rituximab was not associated with a decreased risk of CNS relapse. The addition of rituximab has reduced the risk of lymphoma recurrence in testicular DLBCL, presumably through improved eradication of systemic disease. However, CNS relapse risk remains high and further studies evaluating effective prophylactic strategies are needed. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Progressive multifocal cerebral infarction from intravascular large B cell lymphoma presenting in a man: a case report

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    Chotinaiwattarakul Wattanachai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Intravascular lymphoma is rare, and may present as ischemic stroke. Diagnosis is difficult due to the non-specific presentation and lack of lymphadenopathy, thus leading to frequent instances of autopsy-proven diagnosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of progressive stroke from intravascular lymphoma diagnosed antemortem by random skin biopsy. Case presentation A 42-year-old Thai man presented to our hospital with progressive multifocal cerebral infarction. Despite taking aspirin (300 mg/day, his neurological symptoms worsened. During admission, he developed an unexplained fever and hypoxemia. Magnetic resonance angiography clearly showed patency of all cerebral arteries including the internal carotid and vertebrobasilar arteries. Echocardiography, an antiphospholipid antibody test, cerebrospinal fluid cytology and a bone marrow study were normal. Other laboratory test results showed an elevated lactate dehydrogenase level, nephrotic range proteinuria (3.91 g/day, hypoalbuminemia (1.9 g/dL, a very low high-density lipoprotein level (7 mg/dL and hypertriglyceridemia (353 mg/dL. Because of suspected vasculitis, pulse methylprednisolone was given with transiently minimal improvement. A random skin biopsy from both thighs revealed intravascular large B cell lymphoma. Chemotherapy was not given due to our patient having ventilator associated pneumonia. He died 10 days after the definite diagnosis was established. Conclusion One etiology of stroke is intravascular lymphoma, in which random skin biopsy can be helpful for antemortem diagnosis.

  15. Primary Endobronchial Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma of Bronchus-Associated Lymphoid Tissue: CT Findings in 7 Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Ra Gyoung; Song, Jae Woo; Chae, Eun Jin; Choi, Chang Min; Jang, SeJin

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate CT and 18F-flurodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron-emission tomography/CT findings of primary endobronchial marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT). Materials and Methods From June 2006 through April 2012, seven patients (six female, one male; age range, 21-61 years; mean age, 49 years) were examined who were pathologically diagnosed with the primary endobronchial marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of BALT. We evaluated the locations and characteristics of the lesions on CT and 18F-FDG-PET/CT scans. The lesions were classified into the following three patterns: 1) solitary intraluminal nodule; 2) several tiny nodular protrusions; and 3) diffuse wall thickening. Results A solitary intraluminal nodule was observed in four patients (57.1%), several tiny nodular protrusion in two patients (28.6%), and diffuse wall thickening in one patient (14.3%). The lesions were categorized into 3 major locations: confined to the trachea (n = 3), confined to the lobar bronchus (n = 2), and diffuse involvement of the trachea and both main bronchi (n = 2). All lesions demonstrated homogeneous iso-attenuation as compared with muscle on pre- and post-enhancement scans. Secondary findings in the lungs (n = 3; 42.9%) included postobstructive lobar atelectasis (n = 1), air trapping (n = 1), and pneumonia (n = 1). On 18F-FDG-PET/CT (n = 5), 4 lesions showed homogeneous uptake with maximum standardized uptake values (mSUV), ranging 2.3-5.7 (mean mSUV: 3.3). One lesion showed little FDG uptake. Conclusion Primary endobronchial marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the BALT manifests as three distinct patterns on CT, with the solitary intraluminal nodule presenting as the main pattern. Most lesions demonstrate homogeneous but weak FDG uptake on 18F-FDG-PET/CT. PMID:23483549

  16. Primary endobronchial marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue: CT findings 7 patients

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    Yoon, Ra Gyoung; Kim, Mi Young; Song, Jae Woo; Chae, Eun Jin; Choi, Chang Min; Jang, Se Jin [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-04-15

    To investigate CT and 1{sup 8F}-fluorodeoxyglucose (1{sup 8F}-FDG) positron-emission tomography/CT findings of primary endobronchial marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT). From June 2006 through April 2012, seven patients (six female, one male; age range, 21-61 years; mean age, 49 years) were examined who were pathologically diagnosed with the primary endobronchial marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of BALT. We evaluated the locations and characteristics of the lesions on CT and 1{sup 8F}-FDG-PET/CT scans. The lesions were classified into the following three patterns: 1) solitary intraluminal nodule; 2) several tiny nodular protrusions; and 3) diffuse wall thickening. A solitary intraluminal nodule was observed in four patients (57.1%), several tiny nodular protrusion in two patients (28.6%), and diffuse wall thickening in one patient (14.3%). The lesions were categorized into 3 major locations: confined to the trachea (n 3), confined to the lobar bronchus (n = 2), and diffuse involvement of the trachea and both main bronchi (n = 2). All lesions demonstrated homogeneous iso-attenuation as compared with muscle on pre- and post-enhancement scans. Secondary findings in the lungs (n = 3; 42.9%) included postobstructive lobar atelectasis (n = 1), air trapping (n = 1), and pneumonia (n = 1). On 1{sup 8F}-FDG-PET/CT (n = 5), 4 lesions showed homogeneous uptake with maximum standardized uptake values (mSUV), ranging 2.3-5.7 (mean mSUV: 3.3). One lesion showed little FDG uptake. Primary endobronchial marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the BALT manifests as three distinct patterns on CT, with the solitary intraluminal nodule presenting as the main pattern. Most lesions demonstrate homogeneous but weak FDG uptake on 1{sup 8F}-FDG-PET/CT.

  17. In Situ Hepatitis C NS3 Protein Detection Is Associated with High Grade Features in Hepatitis C-Associated B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Canioni

    Full Text Available Hepatitis C Virus (HCV infection is associated with the B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL, preferentially marginal zone lymphomas (MZL and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL. While chronic antigenic stimulation is a main determinant of lymphomagenesis in marginal zone lymphomas (MZL, a putative role of HCV infection of B-cells is supported by in vitro studies. We performed a pathological study within the "ANRS HC-13 LymphoC" observational study focusing on in situ expression of the oncogenic HCV non structural 3 (NS3 protein. Lympho-C study enrolled 116 HCV-positive patients with B-NHL of which 86 histological samples were collected for centralized review. Main histological subtypes were DLBCL (36% and MZL (34%. Almost half of DLBCL (12/26 were transformed from underlying small B-cell lymphomas. NS3 immunostaining was found positive in 17 of 37 tested samples (46%. There was a striking association between NS3 detection and presence of high grade lymphoma features: 12 out of 14 DLBCL were NS3+ compared to only 4 out of 14 MZL (p = 0.006. Moreover, 2 among the 4 NS3+ MZL were enriched in large cells. Remarkably, this study supports a new mechanism of transformation with a direct oncogenic role of HCV proteins in the occurrence of high-grade B lymphomas.

  18. B-cell lymphomas involving Waldeyer's ring characterized by distinctive clinical and histopathological features: a comparison of pediatric to adult patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lei; Al-Kzayer, Lika'a Fasih Y; Liu, Yi; Liu, Tingting

    2017-02-14

    B-cell lymphomas involving Waldeyer's ring (WR) comprise heterogeneous histolopathological subtypes with a wide age range and distinctive clinical features. However, the comparison between pediatric and adult patients is scarce and limited in the literature. Thirty-three cases of B-cell lymphomas involving WR, were collected and evaluated by histolopathological, immunohistochemical and FISH analyses. The 33 cases were categorized into children and adolescents referred as pediatric group (n = 12), aged (3-19) years and the adult group (n = 21), aged (20-84) years. The pediatric group included Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and MUM1-positive-lymphoma in 7, 3 and 2 cases, respectively. While the adult cases comprised of DLBCL, follicular lymphoma, and mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in 18, 2 and 1 case, respectively. Male gender was predominant in both groups with 3 folds frequency in the pediatric cases compared to 2 folds in the adults counterpart. Pediatric cases showed a significantly higher frequency of stage I disease (P = 0.019), germinal center B-cell (GCB) phenotype (P = 0.011), CD10-positive expression (P = 0.003), and MYC breaks (P = 0.029) compared to adults. However, MUM1 positive expression was less frequently detected in pediatric patients than adults (P = 0.082). BCL2 rearrangement was undetectable in both pediatric and adult groups. On the other hand, adult group had the significantly higher proportion of DLBCL (P adult age groups.

  19. CD4+ T cell-mediated cytotoxicity is associated with MHC class II expression on malignant CD19+ B cells in diffuse large B cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yong; Zha, Jie; Lin, Zhijuan; Fang, Zhihong; Zeng, Hanyan; Zhao, Jintao; Luo, Yiming; Li, Zhifeng; Xu, Bing

    2018-01-15

    Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a common B cell malignancy with approximately 30% of patients present relapsed or refractory disease after first-line therapy. Research of further treatment options is needed. Cytotoxic CD4+ T cells express cytolytic molecules and have potential antitumor function. Here, we showed that the CD19+ cells from DLBCL patients presented significantly reduced expression of MHC II molecules than those from healthy controls. Three years after the first-line treatment, patients that presented relapsed disease had significantly lower MHC II expression on their CD19+ cells than patients who did not show recurrence. Examining cytotoxic CD4+ T cells show that DLBCL patients presented significantly elevated frequencies of granzyme A-, granzyme B-, and/or perforin-expressing cytotoxic CD4+ T cells. Also, frequency of cytotoxic CD4+ T cells in DLBCL patients was positively correlated with the MHC II expression level. Subsequently, the cytotoxic potential of CD4+ T cells against autologous CD19+ cells was investigated. We found that the cytotoxic potential of CD4+ T cells was highest in MHC II-high, intermediate in MHC II-mid, and lowest in MHC II-low patients. The percentage of MHC II-expressing viable CD19+ cells presented a significant reduction after longer incubation with cytotoxic CD4+ T cells, suggesting that cytotoxic CD4+ T cells preferentially eliminated MHC II-expressing CD19+ cells. Blocking MHC II on CD19+ cells significantly reduced the cytolytic capacity of CD4+ T cells. Despite these discoveries, the frequency of cytotoxic CD4+ T cells did not predict the clinical outcome of DLBCL patients. Together, these results demonstrated that cytotoxic CD4+ T cells presented an MHC II-dependent cytotoxic potential against autologous CD19+ cells and could potentially represent a future treatment option for DLBCL. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Comparative RNA-Seq and microarray analysis of gene expression changes in B-cell lymphomas of Canis familiaris.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Mooney

    Full Text Available Comparative oncology is a developing research discipline that is being used to assist our understanding of human neoplastic diseases. Companion canines are a preferred animal oncology model due to spontaneous tumor development and similarity to human disease at the pathophysiological level. We use a paired RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq/microarray analysis of a set of four normal canine lymph nodes and ten canine lymphoma fine needle aspirates to identify technical biases and variation between the technologies and convergence on biological disease pathways. Surrogate Variable Analysis (SVA provides a formal multivariate analysis of the combined RNA-Seq/microarray data set. Applying SVA to the data allows us to decompose variation into contributions associated with transcript abundance, differences between the technology, and latent variation within each technology. A substantial and highly statistically significant component of the variation reflects transcript abundance, and RNA-Seq appeared more sensitive for detection of transcripts expressed at low levels. Latent random variation among RNA-Seq samples is also distinct in character from that impacting microarray samples. In particular, we observed variation between RNA-Seq samples that reflects transcript GC content. Platform-independent variable decomposition without a priori knowledge of the sources of variation using SVA represents a generalizable method for accomplishing cross-platform data analysis. We identified genes differentially expressed between normal lymph nodes of disease free dogs and a subset of the diseased dogs diagnosed with B-cell lymphoma using each technology. There is statistically significant overlap between the RNA-Seq and microarray sets of differentially expressed genes. Analysis of overlapping genes in the context of biological systems suggests elevated expression and activity of PI3K signaling in B-cell lymphoma biopsies compared with normal biopsies, consistent with

  1. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Influenza B Virus Infection in a Patient with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio A. Ñamendys-Silva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Influenza B virus infections are less common than infections caused by influenza A virus in critically ill patients, but similar mortality rates have been observed for both influenza types. Pneumonia caused by influenza B virus is uncommon and has been reported in pediatric patients and previously healthy adults. Critically ill patients with pneumonia caused by influenza virus may develop acute respiratory distress syndrome. We describe the clinical course of a critically ill patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma nongerminal center B-cell phenotype who developed acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by influenza B virus infection. This paper emphasizes the need to suspect influenza B virus infection in critically ill immunocompromised patients with progressive deterioration of cardiopulmonary function despite treatment with antibiotics. Early initiation of neuraminidase inhibitor and the implementation of guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock should be considered.

  2. Hepatitis C virus positive diffuse large B-cell lymphomas have distinct molecular features and lack BCL2 translocations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Visco, Carlo; Wang, Jinfen; Tisi, Maria Chiara

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is different from their HCV-negative counterparts, but the underlying molecular and pathological characteristics are largely under investigated. The virus has a role...... apoptotic pathways, have higher proliferative index, and lack BCL2 translocations. CONCLUSIONS: HCV-positive DLBCL have distinct molecular and pathological features compared to the HCV-negative counterparts.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 26 September 2017; doi:10.1038/bjc.2017.345 www.bjcancer.com....

  3. Perivertebral B-cell lymphoma in a Queensland koala (Phascolarctos cinereus adustus) with paralytic symptoms in the hind limbs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kido, Nobuhide; Edamura, Kazuya; Inoue, Naomi; Shibuya, Hisashi; Sato, Tsuneo; Kondo, Masako; Shindo, Izumi

    2012-08-01

    A male Queensland koala (Phascolarctos cinereus adustus) at Kanazawa Zoological Gardens (Kanagawa, Japan) exhibited paralytic symptoms in the hind limbs. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass on the left ventral side of the 11th to 13th thoracic vertebrae, and the presence of myelitis or edema in the spinal cord. The koala was under anesthesia during the examination and suddenly developed ventricular fibrillation and died. Necropsy revealed a firm flat ovoid hemorrhagic mass on the vertebrae. Following a microscopic examination including immunohistochemistry, the perivertebral mass was diagnosed as B cell lymphoma. Therefore, neoplastic cell infiltration into the spinal cord may cause paralytic symptoms in the hind limbs.

  4. Genetic variation in BAFF is associated with an increased risk of developing B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Novak, Anne J; Susan L Slager; Fredericksen, Zachary S.; Wang, Alice H.; Manske, Michelle M.; Ziesmer, Steven; Liebow, Mark; Macon, William R.; Dillon, Stacey R; Witzig, Thomas E; Cerhan, James R.; Ansell, Stephen M.

    2009-01-01

    Elevated BAFF (TNFSF13B) levels have been found in patients with B-cell malignancies and autoimmune diseases suggesting that it may play a pathogenic role. We previously found that a SNP in the TNFSF13B promoter resulted in increased transcription suggesting that genetic variation in TNFSF13B may influence its expression. We therefore wanted to determine if genetic variation in TNFSF13B is associated with high BAFF levels and non-Hogkin lymphoma (NHL) risk. We genotyped 9 tagSNPs within TNFSF...

  5. Giardia-filled Pancreatic Mass in a Patient With Recently Treated T-cell-rich B-cell Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Raj; Asif, Talal; Johnson, Richard

    2017-02-09

    Giardia lamblia (G. lamblia)-filled pancreatic masses are a rarely reported entity. Furthermore, there are only a few case reports in literature on the association of these masses with cancer. We present a case of a G. lamblia-filled pancreatic cystic mass in a patient with a history of T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma. The authors performed a PubMed search using (Medical Subject Headings) MeSH terms of pancreas, mass, Giardia, and lymphoma.  A 53-year-old male with past medical and surgical history of T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma, status post R-CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone plus rituximab) therapy with positron emission tomography (PET) scan showing no residual disease, essential hypertension, and alcohol use disorder presented to the emergency department (ED) with epigastric pain and nausea for one week. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen showed a 2.3 cm hypodense pancreatic cystic mass. This was a new finding when compared to his prior abdominal imaging. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of the mass showed lymphocytes, reactive atypical epithelial cells, and numerous organisms consistent with Giardia lamblia. He was treated with metronidazole 250 mg by mouth three times a day (TID) for five days. Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed complete resolution of the pancreatic mass. There are only a few case reports on G. lamblia in the pancreas. The pathologist indicated sheets of numerous Giardia in the sample, making small bowel contamination less likely and G. lamblia aspirate from the pancreas more probable as the source. The authors hypothesize that this patient may have had chronic G. lamblia infection as a potential cause for the T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma manifestation. The patient reported travel to an area with possible exposure to G. lamblia one year prior to presentation with the lymphoma. During that time he had increasing abdominal

  6. The utility of lactate dehydrogenase in the follow up of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basem Magdy William

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Serum lactate dehydrogenase is a non-specific marker for lymphoma whose prognostic significance is well established for both indolent and aggressive lymphomas at the time of diagnosis. The performance characteristics of this enzyme in predicting relapse in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has not been well studied. Methods: This study compared serum lactate dehydrogenase levels in 27 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who relapsed after sustaining a complete response versus 87 patients who did not relapse. For relapsed patients, the serum lactate dehydrogenase level at relapse was compared with the level three months before (considered baseline. For non-relapsed patients, the last two levels during follow-up were compared. For statistical analysis the T-test was used to compare differences in mean values between groups. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for serum lactate dehydrogenase in detecting relapse compared to confirmatory imaging were calculated. Results: At relapse, only 33% patients had increases in serum lactate dehydrogenase above the upper limit of normal. The mean increase was 1.2-fold above the upper limit of normal for relapsed vs. 0.83 for those who did not relapse (p-value = 0.59. The mean increase in serum lactate dehydrogenase, from baseline, was 1.1-fold in non-relapsed vs. 1.3 in relapsed patients (p-value = 0.3. The likelihood ratio of relapse was 4.65 for patients who had 1.5-fold increases in serum lactate dehydrogenase above baseline (p-value = 0.03. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of 1.5-fold increases for detecting relapse, compared to clinical and imaging findings were 0.18, 0.95, 0.55, and 0.79, respectively. Conclusion: A 1.5-fold increase in serum lactate dehydrogenase, over a period of 3 months, is associated with increased likelihood of relapse from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

  7. Lenalidomide in Relapsed or Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Is It a Valid Treatment Option?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondello, Patrizia; Steiner, Normann; Willenbacher, Wolfgang; Ferrero, Simone; Ghione, Paola; Marabese, Alessandra; Pitini, Vincenzo; Cuzzocrea, Salvatore; Mian, Michael

    2016-09-01

    Despite the advent of new treatment strategies, many patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) relapse or die of the disease. Prospective clinical trials have demonstrated that lenalidomide is an effective and safe treatment option, especially for non-germinal center B-cell (non-GCB) DLBCL. However, routine clinical data are lacking, which is why we provide the results of the so-far largest relapsed/refractory (R/R) DLBCL real-life analysis. We retrospectively assessed 123 R/R DLBCL patients who received either 15 or 25 mg/day of lenalidomide from January 2006 to January 2015. During a median follow-up period of 4.5 years, complete remission was achieved in 32% and a partial remission in 33% non-GCB patients compared with 0% and 3% in the GCB group (p DLBCL, with limited and reversible toxicity, and is more efficient in non-GCB DLBCL and at higher doses. Despite the advent of new treatment strategies, many patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) relapse or die of the disease; hence, novel therapeutic approaches are urgently needed. This study confirms that lenalidomide is a valid and well-tolerated treatment option for relapsed/refractory (R/R) DLBCL. Superior outcomes were observed in non-germinal center B-cell (GCB) DLBCL, probably because of inhibition of the nuclear factor-κB pathway. Similarly, high drug doses resulted in greater clinical benefits. Overall, lenalidomide is a suitable therapeutic option for R/R DLBCL, especially in non-GCB DLBCL, and 25 mg/day dosing should be preferred. ©AlphaMed Press.

  8. Inhibition of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK activity provides a therapeutic approach for CLTC-ALK-positive human diffuse large B cell lymphomas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Cerchietti

    Full Text Available ALK positive diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL are a distinct lymphoma subtype associated with a poor outcome. Most of them feature a t(2;17 encoding a clathrin (CLTC-ALK fusion protein. The contribution of deregulated ALK-activity in the pathogenesis and maintenance of these DLBCLs is not yet known. We established and characterized the first CLTC-ALK positive DLBCL cell line (LM1. LM1 formed tumors in NOD-SCID mice. The selective ALK inhibitor NVP-TAE684 inhibited growth of LM1 cells in vitro at nanomolar concentrations. NVP-TAE684 repressed ALK-activated signalling pathways and induced apoptosis of LM1 DLBCL cells. Inhibition of ALK-activity resulted in sustained tumor regression in the xenotransplant tumor model. These data indicate a role of CLTC-ALK in the maintenance of the malignant phenotype thereby providing a rationale therapeutic target for these otherwise refractory tumors.

  9. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography for interim response assessment of advanced-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Terasawa, T.; Lau, J.; Bardet, S.

    2009-01-01

    PURPOSE: To systematically review the prognostic accuracy of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for interim response assessment of patients with untreated advanced-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE......, SCOPUS, and Biologic Abstracts were searched for relevant studies. Two assessors independently reviewed studies for inclusion and extracted data. Relevant unpublished data were requested from the investigators if unavailable from publications. A meta-analysis of the prognostic accuracy was performed....... RESULTS: Thirteen studies involving 360 advanced-stage HL patients and 311 DLBCL patients met our inclusion criteria. Advanced-stage HL studies included few unfavorable-risk patients. DLBCL studies were heterogeneous. FDG-PET had an overall sensitivity of 0.81 (95% CI, 0.72 to 0.89) and a specificity of 0...

  10. Large B-cell lymphoma arising in cardiac myxoma or intracardiac fibrinous mass: a localized lymphoma usually associated with Epstein-Barr virus?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar, Cristian; Beltran, Brady; Quiñones, Pilar; Carbajal, Tomas; Vilcapaza, Jorge; Yabar, Alejandro; Segura, Pedro; Quintanilla-Martinez, Leticia; Miranda, Roberto N; Castillo, Jorge J

    2015-01-01

    Primary cardiac neoplasms are rare. However, among them, cardiac myxoma is the most common tumor. In contrast, primary cardiac lymphoma within a cardiac myxoma is extremely rare and might be difficult to diagnose because of non-specific clinical manifestations. We report the case of a previously healthy 52-year-old man who presented with acute onset of transient dysarthria and left hemiplegia. A transthoracic echocardiography showed a 6×2.5-cm solid mass in the left atrium, which was subsequently resected. Histological, immunohistochemical, and molecular analyses revealed an EBV-associated CD30-positive large B-cell lymphoma with anaplastic morphology within a cardiac myxoma and fibrinous material. Staging studies showed no evidence of lymphoma elsewhere. The patient achieved complete remission and is alive 42 months after diagnosis, and did not receive chemotherapy. We discuss the clinical and pathologic features of lymphoma arising in cardiac myxoma or in intra-atrial fibrinoid mass and the potential role of IL-6 in its pathogenesis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Skin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, S L

    2012-06-01

    Lymphoma arising from the skin is the second most common site of extra-nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Over the last 25 years, the incidence has been rising. There is now a new World Health Organization/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer joint classification for cutaneous lymphomas and new proposed International Society for Cutaneous Lymphomas/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer staging systems. This overview examines the role of radiotherapy in the current management of cutaneous T- and B-cell lymphomas encompassing technological advances, new systemic therapies and novel radio-enhancing therapies now available. Modern total skin electron beam radiotherapy and the current low-dose and combination approaches are reviewed. Radiotherapy has remained the most successful treatment for cutaneous lymphoma over the last 50 years and with the technological advances and combination approaches available now and in the future will remain so for the next 50 years. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  12. MS-275 and Isotretinoin in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Primary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  13. GWAS of follicular lymphoma reveals allelic heterogeneity at 6p21.32 and suggests shared genetic susceptibility with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin E Smedby

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL represents a diverse group of hematological malignancies, of which follicular lymphoma (FL is a prevalent subtype. A previous genome-wide association study has established a marker, rs10484561 in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA class II region on 6p21.32 associated with increased FL risk. Here, in a three-stage genome-wide association study, starting with a genome-wide scan of 379 FL cases and 791 controls followed by validation in 1,049 cases and 5,790 controls, we identified a second independent FL-associated locus on 6p21.32, rs2647012 (OR(combined  = 0.64, P(combined  = 2 × 10(-21 located 962 bp away from rs10484561 (r(2<0.1 in controls. After mutual adjustment, the associations at the two SNPs remained genome-wide significant (rs2647012:OR(adjusted  = 0.70, P(adjusted  =  4 × 10(-12; rs10484561:OR(adjusted  = 1.64, P(adjusted  = 5 × 10(-15. Haplotype and coalescence analyses indicated that rs2647012 arose on an evolutionarily distinct haplotype from that of rs10484561 and tags a novel allele with an opposite (protective effect on FL risk. Moreover, in a follow-up analysis of the top 6 FL-associated SNPs in 4,449 cases of other NHL subtypes, rs10484561 was associated with risk of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (OR(combined  = 1.36, P(combined  =  1.4 × 10(-7. Our results reveal the presence of allelic heterogeneity within the HLA class II region influencing FL susceptibility and indicate a possible shared genetic etiology with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. These findings suggest that the HLA class II region plays a complex yet important role in NHL.

  14. Somatic mutation of EZH2 (Y641) in follicular and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas of germinal center origin | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morin et al. describe recurrent somatic mutations in EZH2, a polycomb group oncogene. The mutation, found in the SET domain of this gene encoding a histone methyltransferase, is found only in a subset of lymphoma samples. Specifically, EZH2 mutations are found in about 12% of follicular lymphomas (FL) and almost 23% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) of germinal center origin. This paper goes on to demonstrate that altered EZH2 proteins, corresponding to the most frequent mutations found in human lymphomas, have reduced activity using in vitro histone methylation assays.

  15. Ubiquitin-specific protease 2 decreases p53-dependent apoptosis in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wei, Tianling; Biskup, Edyta; Gjerdrum, Lise Mette Rahbek

    2016-01-01

    Treatment of advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) is challenging because they are resistant to conventional chemotherapy. USP2 has been shown to promote resistance to chemotherapeutic agents in several cancer models.We show here USP2 is expressed in quiescent and activated T-cells and its e...

  16. Malignant inflammation in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-a hostile takeover

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejsgaard, Thorbjørn; Lindahl, Lise M; Mongan, Nigel P

    2017-01-01

    Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) are characterized by the presence of chronically inflamed skin lesions containing malignant T cells. Early disease presents as limited skin patches or plaques and exhibits an indolent behavior. For many patients, the disease never progresses beyond this stage, bu...

  17. Prolonged survival using anti-CD20 combined chemotherapy in primary prostatic intravascular large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csomor, Judit; Kaszás, Ilona; Kollár, Balázs; Pajor, László; Egyházi, Zsolt; Fekete, Sándor; Egyed, Miklós; Timár, Botond

    2008-09-01

    Here we report a case of a 73-year-old man with primary intravascular large B-cell lymphoma localized to the prostate. Total prostatectomy was performed due to a benign adenoma suggested by ultrasonography. The diagnosis of IVLBL was obtained incidentally from the prostatectomy specimen. Eight months after the initial R-CHOP chemotherapy a relapse was detected in the left inguinal lymph node, where histologic examination revealed common diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with minimal intravascular component. The second complete remission was achieved by R-IEV therapy. Five months later a second relapse occurred and the patient died in the widespread disease and pneumonia. Primary prostate IVLBL is extremely uncommon; to date only four cases have been described. This is a well documented case, where we also confirmed that the initial primary IVLBL and the secondary lymph node involvement are clonally related. Successful treatment depends on early diagnosis of IVLBL, aggressive chemotherapy and the fact that IVLBL should be considered as a generalized disease in spite of negative staging results.

  18. B-cell lymphoma of bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT): CT features in 10 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, D K; Im, J G; Lee, K S; Lee, J S; Seo, J B; Goo, J M; Kim, T S; Lee, J W

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to describe the CT findings of pathologically confirmed bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) lymphoma in 10 patients. The CT examinations of 10 patients with pathologically proven BALT lymphoma were reviewed retrospectively by two radiologists. Evaluated findings included number and distribution of lesions. We also assessed other CT findings such as presence of airspace consolidation, nodules, ground-glass attenuation, bubble-like radiolucencies, air bronchogram, bronchial dilatation, and lymphadenopathy. Pulmonary lesions were revealed as airspace consolidation in six patients (60%) and nodule(s) in six (60%). Multiplicity of disease was seen in seven patients (70%) and bilateral lung lesions in six (60%). Areas of ground-glass attenuation were seen in seven patients (70%). Bubble-like radiolucencies were present in five patients (50%) and air bronchogram in nine (90%). Findings of bronchial dilatation and lymphadenopathy were seen in three patients (30%). BALT lymphomas usually appear as airspace consolidation or nodules with air bronchogram or adjacent ground-glass attenuation at CT. These findings are similar to previous descriptions of pseudolymphomas. Multiple bilateral lesions are common in BALT lymphoma. Bubble-like radiolucencies have not been described previously and can be an additional finding of BALT lymphoma.

  19. Spontaneous Remission of an Untreated, MYC and BCL2 Coexpressing, High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Alan Potts

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL are a heterogeneous group of hematologic malignancies typically treated with multiagent chemotherapy. Rarely, spontaneous remissions can be observed, particularly in more indolent subtypes. The prognosis of aggressive NHL can be predicted using clinical and histopathologic factors. In aggressive B-cell NHL, the importance of MYC and BCL2 proto-oncogene coexpression (as assessed by immunohistochemistry and high-grade histologic features are particularly noteworthy. We report a unique case of spontaneous remission in a patient with an aggressive B-cell NHL which harbored high-risk histopathologic features, including MYC protein expression at 70–80%, BCL2 protein expression, and morphologic features suggestive of high-grade B-cell lymphoma, NOS (formerly B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma [BCLU]. After undergoing a biopsy to confirm this diagnosis, he opted to forego curative-intent chemotherapy. The single, yet relatively large area of involvement noted on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography steadily resolved on subsequent follow-up studies. He remained without evidence of recurrence one year later, having never received treatment. This case emphasizes the potential for spontaneous remission in NHL and demonstrates that this phenomenon can be observed despite contemporary high-risk histopathologic features.

  20. An Unusual Case of Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma Arising in the Breast - Its Diagnosis and the Role of Radiotherapy in its Management.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Rock, Kathy

    2011-10-01

    BACKGROUND: Primary lymphoma of the breast accounts for 0.04-0.5% of all breast malignancies and approximately 1% of all extranodal lymphomas. For stage IE node-negative disease, involved field radiotherapy is recommended except for very young women in whom the risk of breast cancer is a concern. The rate of complete response for limited stage extranodal marginal B-cell lymphoma is in excess of 90%. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 62-year-old lady who presented with a unilateral painless palpable right breast lump. She subsequently underwent a trucut biopsy of the lesion. The histology revealed a low-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin\\'s lymphoma (NHL). Immunohistochemistry showed that more than 95% of the cells were B cells which were CD 20+\\/CD 45+ and BC L6+. This confirmed the diagnosis of marginal zone lymphoma. Staging work-up was negative for distant metastases. Serum alkaline phosphatase and lactate dehydrogenase were normal. The patient had no \\'B\\' symptoms. Her final diagnosis was clinical stage IAE NHL, and she was referred for curative radiotherapy. CONCLUSION: Radiation treatment is a safe and extremely effective modality of treatment for early stage I marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of the breast.

  1. Pagetoid reticulosis (epitheliotropic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma) in an adult alpaca (Vicugna pacos).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasbach, Andrea E; Stern, Adam W

    2016-07-01

    A 9-year-old, intact female alpaca (Vicugna pacos) was presented for a second opinion with a 1-year history of nonpruritic, multifocal scaling and crusted cutaneous lesions, mainly involving skin on the face, axillae, and ventral abdomen. Clinical abnormalities were limited to the skin, and the alpaca was otherwise healthy. The initial veterinarian had examined the alpaca, found no evidence of ectoparasites with laboratory testing, and had tried several trial therapies including oral antibiotics, ivermectin, and topical use of betadine solution. At the time of presentation, the lesions had neither improved nor worsened with any attempted therapy, and multiple skin biopsies were collected. Histopathology and immunohistochemical staining findings were consistent with the pagetoid reticulosis type of cutaneous epitheliotropic T-cell lymphoma. Our report describes the clinical, histopathologic, and immunophenotypic features of pagetoid reticulosis epitheliotropic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma in an alpaca. © 2016 The Author(s).

  2. Epstein–Barr virus-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes from diffuse large B cell lymphoma patients are functionally impaired

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cárdenas, D; Vélez, G; Orfao, A; Herrera, M V; Solano, J; Olaya, M; Uribe, A M; Saavedra, C; Duarte, M; Rodríguez, M; López, M; Fiorentino, S; Quijano, S

    2015-01-01

    Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) is a persistent virus with oncogenic capacity that has been implicated in the development of aggressive B cell lymphomas, primarily in immunosuppressed individuals, although it can be present in immunocompetent individuals. Changes in the function and clonal diversity of T lymphocytes might be implied by viral persistence and lymphoma development. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency, phenotype, function and clonotypical distribution of EBV-specific T cells after peripheral blood stimulation with a virus lysate in newly diagnosed patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) aged more than 50 years without prior histories of clinical immunosuppression compared with healthy controls. Our results showed impaired EBV-specific immune responses among DLBCL patients that were associated primarily with decreased numbers of central and effector memory CD8+ T lymphocytes. In contrast to healthy controls, only a minority of the patients showed CD4+/tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α+ T cells expressing T cell receptor (TCR)-Vβ17 and CD8+/TNF-α+ T cells with TCR-Vβ5·2, Vβ9 and Vβ18 in response to EBV. Notably, the production of TNF-α was undetectable among TCR-Vβ5·3+, Vβ11+, Vβ12+, Vβ16+ and Vβ23+ CD8+ T cells. In addition, we observed decreased numbers of CD4+/TNF-α+ and CD8+/TNF-α+, CD8+/interleukin (IL)-2+ and CD8+/TNF-α+/IL-2+ T lymphocytes in the absence of T cells capable of producing TNF-α, IL-2 and IFN-γ after EBV stimulation simultaneously. Moreover, DLBCL patients displayed higher IL-10 levels both under baseline conditions and after EBV stimulation. These findings were also observed in patients with positive EBV viral loads. Prospective studies including a large number of patients are needed to confirm these findings. PMID:26174440

  3. CD5-positive marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT of the lung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terada Tadashi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract CD5-positive marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT of the lung is very rare. An 82-year-old Japanese woman was found to have an abnormal lung shadow on chest X-ray photography, and was admitted to our hospital. Imaging modalities including X-ray photography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a small (2 × 1 × 1 cm opacity of the right upper lobe. Transbronchial lung biopsy was performed. It showed severe proliferation of small lymphocytes. The small lymphocytes were centrocytes-like, and minor plasma cell differentiation was recognized. Lymphoepithelial lesions were scattered. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for CD5, CD20, CD43, CD45, CD79α, bcl-2, and κ-chain, but negative for CD2, CD3, CD10, CD21, CD23, CD35, CD45RO, CD56, IgA, IgG, IgM, IgD, λ-chain, TdT, and cyclin D1. The Ki-67 labeling was 10%. CD3-positive and CD45RO-positive inflammatory T-cells were scattered in small amount. The pathological diagnosis was CD5-positive marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT of the lung. The patient was treated with chemotherapy (CHOP: cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorbicin, vincristine, and predonisone, and the lung tumor disappeared. The patient is now free of the lymphoma 10 years after the first manifestation. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1541653085652296

  4. Primary uterine diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in a patient with prolonged insertion of intrauterine device (IUD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Takuya; Hatanaka, Kazuo; Kaneko, Hitomi; Shimada, Toshihide; Imada, Kazunori

    2017-07-01

    A 49-year-old female from China was referred to our hospital after endocervical polypectomy. Twenty years before admission, after the birth of her first child, an intrauterine device (IUD) had been inserted due to the one-child policy in China. She had noticed abnormal vaginal bleeding with a foul smell 3 years before admission. Then the IUD was removed and a polyp was found at the IUD contact site. Two months before admission, endocervical polypectomy was performed. Lymphoma was suspected by histological examination and she was referred to our hospital. Further examination confirmed the diagnosis of primary uterine diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Subsequently, a combination of three cycles of R-CHOP regimen and involved-field radiation therapy was performed, followed by maintenance therapy with five cycles of rituximab. She has remained in complete remission for over 1 year. This case suggests that chronic inflammation induced by prolonged IUD insertion may contribute to the development of primary uterine lymphoma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of DLBCL associated with prolonged IUD insertion.

  5. Inhibition of COP9-signalosome (CSN) deneddylating activity and tumor growth of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas by doxycycline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulvino, Mary; Chen, Luojing; Oleksyn, David; Li, Jing; Compitello, George; Rossi, Randy; Spence, Stephen; Balakrishnan, Vijaya; Jordan, Craig; Poligone, Brian; Casulo, Carla; Burack, Richard; Shapiro, Joel L; Bernstein, Steven; Friedberg, Jonathan W; Deshaies, Raymond J; Land, Hartmut; Zhao, Jiyong

    2015-06-20

    In searching for small-molecule compounds that inhibit proliferation and survival of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cells and may, therefore, be exploited as potential therapeutic agents for this disease, we identified the commonly used and well-tolerated antibiotic doxycycline as a strong candidate. Here, we demonstrate that doxycycline inhibits the growth of DLBCL cells both in vitro and in mouse xenograft models. In addition, we show that doxycycline accumulates in DLBCL cells to high concentrations and affects multiple signaling pathways that are crucial for lymphomagenesis. Our data reveal the deneddylating activity of COP-9 signalosome (CSN) as a novel target of doxycycline and suggest that doxycycline may exert its effects in DLBCL cells in part through a CSN5-HSP90 pathway. Consistently, knockdown of CSN5 exhibited similar effects as doxycycline treatment on DLBCL cell survival and HSP90 chaperone function. In addition to DLBCL cells, doxycycline inhibited growth of several other types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells in vitro. Together, our results suggest that doxycycline may represent a promising therapeutic agent for DLBCL and other non-Hodgkin lymphomas subtypes.

  6. NKT cell adjuvant-based tumor vaccine for treatment of myc oncogene-driven mouse B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattarollo, Stephen R; West, Alison C; Steegh, Kim; Duret, Helene; Paget, Christophe; Martin, Ben; Matthews, Geoffrey M; Shortt, Jake; Chesi, Marta; Bergsagel, P Leif; Bots, Michael; Zuber, Johannes; Lowe, Scott W; Johnstone, Ricky W; Smyth, Mark J

    2012-10-11

    Immunomodulators are effective in controlling hematologic malignancy by initiating or reactivating host antitumor immunity to otherwise poorly immunogenic and immune suppressive cancers. We aimed to boost antitumor immunity in B-cell lymphoma by developing a tumor cell vaccine incorporating α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer) that targets the immune adjuvant properties of NKT cells. In the Eμ-myc transgenic mouse model, single therapeutic vaccination of irradiated, α-GalCer-loaded autologous tumor cells was sufficient to significantly inhibit growth of established tumors and prolong survival. Vaccine-induced antilymphoma immunity required NKT cells, NK cells, and CD8 T cells, and early IL-12-dependent production of IFN-γ. CD4 T cells, gamma/delta T cells, and IL-18 were not critical. Vaccine treatment induced a large systemic spike of IFN-γ and transient peripheral expansion of both NKT cells and NK cells, the major sources of IFN-γ. Furthermore, this vaccine approach was assessed in several other hematopoietic tumor models and was also therapeutically effective against AML-ETO9a acute myeloid leukemia. Replacing α-GalCer with β-mannosylceramide resulted in prolonged protection against Eμ-myc lymphoma. Overall, our results demonstrate a potent immune adjuvant effect of NKT cell ligands in therapeutic anticancer vaccination against oncogene-driven lymphomas, and this work supports clinical investigation of NKT cell-based immunotherapy in patients with hematologic malignancies.

  7. 2B4-SAP signaling is required for the priming of naive CD8(+) T cells by antigen-expressing B cells and B lymphoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yu-Hsuan; Tsai, Kevin; Tan, Sara Y; Kang, Sohyeong; Ford, Mandy L; Harder, Kenneth W; Priatel, John J

    2017-01-01

    Mutations in SH2D1A gene that encodes SAP (SLAM-associated protein) result in X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP), a rare primary immunodeficiency disease defined by exquisite sensitivity to the B-lymphotropic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and B cell lymphomas. However, the precise mechanism of how the loss of SAP function contributes to extreme vulnerability to EBV and the development of B cell lymphomas remains unclear. Here, we investigate the hypothesis that SAP is critical for CD8(+) T cell immune surveillance of antigen (Ag)-expressing B cells or B lymphoma cells under conditions of defined T cell receptor (TCR) signaling. Sh2d1a(-)(/)(-) CD8(+) T cells exhibited greatly diminished proliferation relative to wild type when Ag-presenting-B cells or -B lymphoma cells served as the primary Ag-presenting cell (APC). By contrast, Sh2d1a(-)(/)(-) CD8(+) T cells responded equivalently to wild-type CD8(+) T cells when B cell-depleted splenocytes, melanoma cells or breast carcinoma cells performed Ag presentation. Through application of signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) family receptor blocking antibodies or SLAM family receptor-deficient CD8(+) T cells and APCs, we found that CD48 engagement on the B cell surface by 2B4 is crucial for initiating SAP-dependent signaling required for the Ag-driven CD8(+) T cell proliferation and differentiation. Altogether, a pivotal role for SAP in promoting the expansion and differentiation of B cell-primed viral-specific naive CD8(+) T cells may explain the selective immune deficiency of XLP patients to EBV and B cell lymphomas.

  8. Activity of the novel BCR kinase inhibitor IQS019 in preclinical models of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Balsas

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pharmacological inhibition of B cell receptor (BCR signaling has recently emerged as an effective approach in a wide range of B lymphoid neoplasms. However, despite promising clinical activity of the first Bruton’s kinase (Btk and spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk inhibitors, a small fraction of patients tend to develop progressive disease after initial response to these agents. Methods We evaluated the antitumor activity of IQS019, a new BCR kinase inhibitor with increased affinity for Btk, Syk, and Lck/Yes novel tyrosine kinase (Lyn, in a set of 34 B lymphoid cell lines and primary cultures, including samples with acquired resistance to the first-in-class Btk inhibitor ibrutinib. Safety and efficacy of the compound were then evaluated in two xenograft mouse models of B cell lymphoma. Results IQS019 simultaneously engaged a rapid and dose-dependent de-phosphorylation of both constitutive and IgM-activated Syk, Lyn, and Btk, leading to impaired cell proliferation, reduced CXCL12-dependent cell migration, and induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis. Accordingly, B cell lymphoma-bearing mice receiving IQS019 presented a reduced tumor outgrowth characterized by a decreased mitotic index and a lower infiltration of malignant cells in the spleen, in tight correlation with downregulation of phospho-Syk, phospho-Lyn, and phospho-Btk. More interestingly, IQS019 showed improved efficacy in vitro and in vivo when compared to the first-in-class Btk inhibitor ibrutinib, and was active in cells with acquired resistance to this latest. Conclusions These results define IQS019 as a potential drug candidate for a variety of B lymphoid neoplasms, including cases with acquired resistance to current BCR-targeting therapies.

  9. Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the prostate in a young patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Alvarez

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available We report a primary lymphoma of the prostate, which arose in a 29-year-old man with hematuria. Pathological evaluation of tissue fragments allowed us to choose appropriate medical management. A diagnosis of suspicion can be performed by urine cytology, and molecular techniques may be helpful. Emphasis in differential diagnosis is made.

  10. Random skin biopsy and bone marrow biopsy for diagnosis of intravascular large B cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsue, Kosei; Asada, Noboru; Odawara, Jun; Aoki, Takayoshi; Kimura, Shun-ichi; Iwama, Kan-ichi; Fujiwara, Hideaki; Yamakura, Masayuki; Takeuchi, Masami

    2011-04-01

    Intravascular lymphoma (IVL) is a rare type of extranodal lymphoma in which the lymphoma cells proliferate exclusively in the lumina of small vessels. The diagnosis of IVL requires histological confirmation. Although random skin biopsy from healthy-appearing skin in patients with suspected IVL appeared to be useful, the sensitivity of this method for the diagnosis of IVL remains unknown. We performed a random skin biopsy from 12 consecutive cases of IVL diagnosed at our institution over the past 4 years and evaluate its relevance of clinical and laboratory characteristics, presence or absence of skin lesions, and bone marrow involvement. All 12 patients were diagnosed antemortem by either random skin biopsy or bone marrow biopsy and treated with rituximab-containing chemotherapy. Random skin biopsy was performed in all 12 patients, and the results were positive in ten patients (83.3%). Erythematous skin lesions were seen in 3 of 12 patients, but biopsy was positive for lymphoma lesion in two patients. Bone marrow invasion was seen in 11 of the 12 patients (91.6%) by bone marrow smear and/or flow cytometric analysis, but was detected in only half of the patients by trephine biopsy. We concluded that random skin biopsy from normal-appearing skin is highly sensitive in the diagnosis of IVL comparable to bone marrow trephine biopsy. It should be performed irrespective of the presence or absence of skin lesions in patients who were suspicious of IVL.

  11. Genetically predicted longer telomere length is associated with increased risk of B-cell lymphoma subtypes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Machiela, Mitchell J; Lan, Qing; Slager, Susan L; Vermeulen, Roel C H|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/216532620; Teras, Lauren R; Camp, Nicola J; Cerhan, James R; Spinelli, John J; Wang, Sophia S; Nieters, Alexandra; Vijai, Joseph; Yeager, Meredith; Wang, Zhaoming; Ghesquières, Hervé; McKay, James; Conde, Lucia; de Bakker, Paul I W; Cox, David G; Burdett, Laurie; Monnereau, Alain; Flowers, Christopher R; De Roos, Anneclaire J; Brooks-Wilson, Angela R; Giles, Graham G; Melbye, Mads; Gu, Jian; Jackson, Rebecca D; Kane, Eleanor; Purdue, Mark P; Vajdic, Claire M; Albanes, Demetrius; Kelly, Rachel S; Zucca, Mariagrazia; Bertrand, Kimberly A; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Lawrence, Charles; Hutchinson, Amy; Zhi, Degui; Habermann, Thomas M; Link, Brian K; Novak, Anne J; Dogan, Ahmet; Asmann, Yan W; Liebow, Mark; Thompson, Carrie A; Ansell, Stephen M; Witzig, Thomas E; Tilly, Hervé; Haioun, Corinne; Molina, Thierry J; Hjalgrim, Henrik; Glimelius, Bengt; Adami, Hans-Olov; Roos, Göran; Bracci, Paige M; Riby, Jacques; Smith, Martyn T; Holly, Elizabeth A; Cozen, Wendy; Hartge, Patricia; Morton, Lindsay M; Severson, Richard K; Tinker, Lesley F; North, Kari E; Becker, Nikolaus; Benavente, Yolanda; Boffetta, Paolo; Brennan, Paul; Foretova, Lenka; Maynadie, Marc; Staines, Anthony; Lightfoot, Tracy; Crouch, Simon; Smith, Alex; Roman, Eve; Diver, W Ryan; Offit, Kenneth; Zelenetz, Andrew; Klein, Robert J; Villano, Danylo J; Zheng, Tongzhang; Zhang, Yawei; Holford, Theodore R; Turner, Jenny; Southey, Melissa C; Clavel, Jacqueline; Virtamo, Jarmo; Weinstein, Stephanie; Riboli, Elio; Vineis, Paolo; Kaaks, Rudolph; Boeing, Heiner; Tjønneland, Anne; Angelucci, Emanuele; Di Lollo, Simonetta; Rais, Marco; De Vivo, Immaculata; Giovannucci, Edward; Kraft, Peter; Huang, Jinyan; Ma, Baoshan; Ye, Yuanqing; Chiu, Brian C H; Liang, Liming; Park, Ju-Hyun; Chung, Charles C; Weisenburger, Dennis D; Fraumeni, Joseph F; Salles, Gilles; Glenn, Martha; Cannon-Albright, Lisa; Curtin, Karen; Wu, Xifeng; Smedby, Karin E; de Sanjose, Silvia; Skibola, Christine F; Berndt, Sonja I; Birmann, Brenda M; Chanock, Stephen J; Rothman, Nathaniel

    2016-01-01

    Evidence from a small number of studies suggests that longer telomere length measured in peripheral leukocytes is associated with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). However, these studies may be biased by reverse causation, confounded by unmeasured environmental exposures and might

  12. PRIMARY CUTANEOUS T-CELL LYMPHOMA - CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL FEATURES AND PROGNOSTIC PARAMETERS OF 35 CASES OTHER THAN MYCOSIS-FUNGOIDES AND CD30-POSITIVE LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BELJAARDS, RC; MEIJER, CJLM; VANDERPUTTE, CJ; HOLLEMA, H; GEERTS, ML; BEZEMER, PD; WILLEMZE, R

    Within the group of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs), mycosis fungoides (MF), Sezary's syndrome (SS), and CD30-positive lymphomas have been delineated as clinicopathological entities. Primary CTCLs that do not belong to one of these entities represent a heterogeneous and ill-defined group

  13. Antiviral therapy improves overall survival in hepatitis C virus-infected patients who develop diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosry, Jeff; Mahale, Parag; Turturro, Francesco; Miranda, Roberto N; Economides, Minas P; Granwehr, Bruno P; Torres, Harrys A

    2016-12-01

    Chronic Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with increased incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Several studies have demonstrated regression of indolent lymphoma with antiviral therapy (AVT) alone. However, the role of AVT in HCV-infected patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is unclear. We therefore analyzed AVT's impact on oncologic outcomes of HCV-infected patients (cases) who developed DLBCL. Cases seen at our institution (June 2004-May 2014) were matched with uninfected counterparts (controls) and then divided according to prior AVT consisting of interferon-based regimens. We studied 304 patients (76 cases and 228 controls). More cases than controls had extranodal (79% vs. 72%; p = 0.07) and upper gastrointestinal (GI; 42% vs. 24%; p = 0.004) involvement. Cases never given AVT had DLBCL more refractory to first-line chemotherapy than that in the controls (33% vs. 17%; p = 0.05) and exhibited a trend toward more progressive lymphoma at last examination compared to controls (50% vs. 32%; p = 0.09) or cases given AVT (50% vs. 27%; p = 0.06). Cases never given AVT had worse 5-year overall survival (OS) rates than did the controls (HR, 2.3 [95% CI, 1.01-5.3]; p = 0.04). Furthermore, AVT improved 5-year OS rates among cases in both univariate (median [Interquartile range]: 39 [26-56] vs. 16 [6-41] months, p = 0.02) and multivariate analyses (HR = 0.21 [95% CI, 0.06-0.69]; p = 0.01). This study highlights the negative impact of chronic HCV on survival of DLBCL patients and shows that treatment of HCV infection is associated with a better cancer response to chemotherapy and improves 5-year OS. © 2016 UICC.

  14. Malignant T cells exhibit CD45 resistant Stat 3 activation and proliferation in cutaneous T cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejsgaard, T; Helvad, Rikke; Ralfkiær, Elisabeth

    2010-01-01

    CD45 is a protein tyrosine phosphatase, which is well-known for regulating antigen receptor signalling in T and B cells via its effect on Src kinases. It has recently been shown that CD45 can also dephosphorylate Janus kinases (Jaks) and thereby regulate Signal transducer and activator of transcr......CD45 is a protein tyrosine phosphatase, which is well-known for regulating antigen receptor signalling in T and B cells via its effect on Src kinases. It has recently been shown that CD45 can also dephosphorylate Janus kinases (Jaks) and thereby regulate Signal transducer and activator...... of transcription (Stat) activation and cytokine-induced proliferation in lymphocytes. Consequently, CD45 dysregulation could be implicated in aberrant Jak/Stat activation and proliferation in lymphoproliferative diseases. Despite high expression of the CD45 ligand, Galectin-1, in skin lesions from cutaneous T......-cell lymphoma (CTCL), the malignant T cells exhibit constitutive activation of the Jak3/Stat3 signalling pathway and uncontrolled proliferation. We show that CD45 expression is down-regulated on malignant T cells when compared to non-malignant T cells established from CTCL skin lesions. Moreover, CD45 cross...

  15. Survival in advanced diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in pre- and post-rituximab Eras in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Binay Kumar; Bista, Amir; Shafii, Bahman

    2014-09-01

    Rituximab was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a first-line agent for treatment of advanced diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in February 2006. We conducted this population-based study to determine if the results from the clinical trials have translated into survival benefit in the general population. We selected patients with advanced diffuse large B-cell lymphoma from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End RESULTS (SEER) 18 database, and calculated relative survival rates for patients diagnosed from 2002-2005 (pre-rituximab) and 2006-2009 (post-rituximab). We used the Z-test in the SEER*Stat to compare relative survival rates of patients categorized by race (White, Black, or Others), gender (male, female), and age groups (<60, 60+ years). One-year relative survival in Whites and Others improved significantly in the post-rituximab era compared to the pre-rituximab era (64.80±0.6% vs. 61.3±0.6%; p=0.0002 and 64.5±1.9% vs. 54.9±2.2%; p=0.0011, respectively). The 3-year relative survival improved significantly in Whites and Others in the post-rituximab era compared to the pre-rituximab era (53.7±0.7% vs. 50.3±0.7%; p=0.0001 and 52.0±2.3% vs. 40.8±2.3%; p=0.0002, respectively). However, no significant improvements were observed in 1-year and 3-year relative survival in Blacks, and in young males during the post-rituximab era compared to the pre-rituximab era. The relative survival rates among young males and 'Black' patients with advanced diffuse large B-cell lymphoma have not improved during the post-rituximab era. Copyright© 2014 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.

  16. Immunohistochemical analysis of the expression of MAGE-A and NY-ESO-1 cancer/testis antigens in diffuse large B-cell testicular lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Hudolin, Tvrtko; Kaštelan, Željko; Ilić, Ivana; Levarda-Hudolin, Katarina; Bašić-Jukić, Nikolina; Rieken, Malte; Spagnoli, Giulio C; Juretić, Antonio; Mengus, Chantal

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Primary testicular lymphoma (PTL) is a rare and lethal disease. The most common histological subtype is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Standard treatments are frequently ineffective. Thus, the development of novel forms of therapy is urgently required. Specific immunotherapy generating immune responses directed against antigen predominantly expressed by cancer cells such as cancer-testis antigens (CTA) may provide a valid alternative treatment for patients bearing PTL...

  17. Anomalous expression of Thy1 (CD90) in B-cell lymphoma cells and proliferation inhibition by anti-Thy1 antibody treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishiura, Yoshihito [Department of Biochemistry, Kochi University Medical School, Kohasu, Okocho, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8505 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Kotani, Norihiro, E-mail: kotani@kochi-u.ac.jp [CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Kochi System Glycobiology Center, Kochi University Medical School, Kohasu, Okocho, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8505 (Japan); Yamashita, Ryusuke [Department of Biochemistry, Kochi University Medical School, Kohasu, Okocho, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8505 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Yamamoto, Harumi [Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Yoshida Shimo-Adachi, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Kozutsumi, Yasunori [CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Yoshida Shimo-Adachi, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Honke, Koichi [Department of Biochemistry, Kochi University Medical School, Kohasu, Okocho, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8505 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Kochi System Glycobiology Center, Kochi University Medical School, Kohasu, Okocho, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8505 (Japan)

    2010-05-28

    The anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (Ab) rituximab is accepted to be an effective therapeutic Ab for malignant B-cell lymphoma; however, discovery of other cell surface antigens is required for the option of antibody medicine. Considering that many tumor-associated antigens are glycans, we have searched glycoconjugates for the candidate antigens that therapeutic Abs target. To this end, we first focused on the difference in the glycogenes expression in terms of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection of a Burkitt's lymphoma cell line, Akata. Using DNA array, flow cytometry and Western blotting, we found that Thy1 was highly expressed in EBV-positive Akata cells. Subsequently, Thy1 was found to be expressed in other B-cell lymphoma cell lines: BJAB, MutuI, and MutuIII, irrespective of EBV infection. Treatment of these cells with an anti-Thy1 monoclonal antibody inhibited proliferation more strongly than the therapeutic Ab rituximab. The B-cell lymphoma cell lines were classified based on the extent of the proliferation inhibition, which was not correlated with the expression level of Thy1. It is suggested that stable residence of receptor tyrosine kinases in lipid rafts sustains cell growth in B-cell lymphoma cells.

  18. Extranodal B Cell Lymphoma with Prominent Spindle Cell Features Arising in Uterus and in Maxillary Sinus: Report of Two Cases and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yiting; Cui, Wei; Woodroof, Janet M; Zhang, Da

    2016-01-01

    Primary B-cell lymphoma exhibiting a spindle dominant pattern is extremely rare and represents a potential diagnostic pitfall. Here we report two cases of extranodal B cell lymphoma with spindle cell dominant morphology (sp-BCL) of uterus and maxillary sinus. Case 1 was a 54-year-old female with a large mass in the lower uterine segment, inseparable from the wall of the rectum and the urinary bladder. This is the first report of primary sp-BCL arising in the lower uterine segment. Case 2 was a 54-year-old male with a permeative mass involving the maxillary sinus wall with extension into the premaxillary soft tissues. Biopsies of both cases revealed a diffuse infiltration by medium to large atypical spindle cells. A panel of immunohistochemical stains was performed to rule out the possibilities of sarcoma, carcinoma, or melanoma. The final diagnosis was diffuse large B cell lymphoma, germinal center type. This is the first report of sp-BCL incorporating molecular genetic studies and the next-generation sequencing analysis performed on the maxillary lymphoma revealed three genomic alterations in genes of EZH2 (Y646N), IRF8 (S55A), and TNFRSF14 (splice site 304+2T>C). These genes were reported to play important roles in the pathogenesis of diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Both patients achieved complete remission after excision and chemo-radiation therapy despite the extensive local involvement. © 2016 by the Association of Clinical Scientists, Inc.

  19. Genome-wide profiling identifies a DNA methylation signature that associates with TET2 mutations in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmar, Fazila; Punj, Vasu; Christensen, Jesper Aagaard

    2013-01-01

    The discovery that the Ten-Eleven Translocation (TET) hydroxylases cause DNA demethylation has fundamentally changed the notion of how DNA methylation is regulated. Clonal analysis of the hematopoetic stem cell compartment suggests that TET2 mutations can be early events in hematologic cancers...... and recent investigations have shown TET2 mutations in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. However, the detection rates and the types of TET2 mutations vary, and the relation to global methylation patterns has not been investigated. Here, we show TET2 mutations in 12 of 100 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas with 7...

  20. Genome-Wide Association Study of Event-Free Survival in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Treated With Immunochemotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghesquieres, Hervé; Slager, Susan L.; Jardin, Fabrice; Veron, Amelie S.; Asmann, Yan W.; Maurer, Matthew J.; Fest, Thierry; Habermann, Thomas M.; Bene, Marie C.; Novak, Anne J.; Mareschal, Sylvain; Haioun, Corinne; Lamy, Thierry; Ansell, Stephen M.; Tilly, Herve; Witzig, Thomas E.; Weiner, George J.; Feldman, Andrew L.; Dogan, Ahmet; Cunningham, Julie M.; Olswold, Curtis L.; Molina, Thierry Jo; Link, Brian K.; Milpied, Noel; Cox, David G.; Salles, Gilles A.; Cerhan, James R.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose We performed a multistage genome-wide association study to identify inherited genetic variants that predict outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients treated with immunochemotherapy. Methods We conducted a meta-analysis of two genome-wide association study data sets, one from the LNH2003B trial (N = 540), a prospective clinical trial from the Lymphoma Study Association, and the other from the Molecular Epidemiology Resource study (N = 312), a prospective observational study from the University of Iowa–Mayo Clinic Lymphoma Specialized Program of Research Excellence. Top single nucleotide polymorphisms were then genotyped in independent cohorts of patients from the Specialized Program of Research Excellence (N = 391) and the Groupe Ouest-Est des Leucémies Aiguës et Maladies du Sang (GOELAMS) -075 randomized trial (N = 294). We calculated the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs for event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) using a log-additive genetic model with adjustment for age, sex, and age-adjusted International Prognostic Index. Results In a meta-analysis of the four studies, the top loci for EFS were marked by rs7712513 at 5q23.2 (near SNX2 and SNCAIP; HR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.23 to 1.57; P = 2.08 × 10−7), and rs7765004 at 6q21 (near MARCKS and HDAC2; HR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.22 to 1.57; P = 7.09 × 10−7), although they did not reach conventional genome-wide significance (P = 5 × 10−8). Both rs7712513 (HR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.29 to 1.72; P = 3.53 × 10−8) and rs7765004 (HR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.27 to 1.71; P = 5.36 × 10−7) were also associated with OS. In exploratory analyses, a two–single nucleotide polymorphism risk score was highly predictive of EFS (P = 1.78 × 10−12) and was independent of treatment, IPI, and cell-of-origin classification. Conclusion Our study provides encouraging evidence for associations between loci at 5q23.2 and 6q21 with EFS and OS in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated with immunochemotherapy

  1. Clinical Implications of Phosphorylated STAT3 Expression in de novo Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ok, Chi Y; Chen, Jiayu; Xu-Monette, Ziju

    2014-01-01

    of phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) on prognosis are limited. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We evaluated expression of pSTAT3 in de novo DLBCL using immunohistochemistry, gene expression profiling (GEP), and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Results were analyzed in correlation with cell-of-origin (COO), critical lymphoma...... for the ongoing successful clinical trials targeting the JAK-STAT pathway in DLBCL. Clin Cancer Res; 20(19); 5113-23. ©2014 AACR....

  2. Genomic profiling of plasmablastic lymphoma using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH: revealing significant overlapping genomic lesions with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Xin-Yan

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Plasmablastic lymphoma (PL is a subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. Studies have suggested that tumors with PL morphology represent a group of neoplasms with clinopathologic characteristics corresponding to different entities including extramedullary plasmablastic tumors associated with plasma cell myeloma (PCM. The goal of the current study was to evaluate the genetic similarities and differences among PL, DLBCL (AIDS-related and non AIDS-related and PCM using array-based comparative genomic hybridization. Results Examination of genomic data in PL revealed that the most frequent segmental gain (> 40% include: 1p36.11-1p36.33, 1p34.1-1p36.13, 1q21.1-1q23.1, 7q11.2-7q11.23, 11q12-11q13.2 and 22q12.2-22q13.3. This correlated with segmental gains occurring in high frequency in DLBCL (AIDS-related and non AIDS-related cases. There were some segmental gains and some segmental loss that occurred in PL but not in the other types of lymphoma suggesting that these foci may contain genes responsible for the differentiation of this lymphoma. Additionally, some segmental gains and some segmental loss occurred only in PL and AIDS associated DLBCL suggesting that these foci may be associated with HIV infection. Furthermore, some segmental gains and some segmental loss occurred only in PL and PCM suggesting that these lesions may be related to plasmacytic differentiation. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, the current study represents the first genomic exploration of PL. The genomic aberration pattern of PL appears to be more similar to that of DLBCL (AIDS-related or non AIDS-related than to PCM. Our findings suggest that PL may remain best classified as a subtype of DLBCL at least at the genome level.

  3. Genomic profiling of plasmablastic lymphoma using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH): revealing significant overlapping genomic lesions with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chung-Che; Zhou, Xiaobo; Taylor, Jesalyn J; Huang, Wan-Ting; Ren, Xianwen; Monzon, Federico; Feng, Yongdong; Rao, Pulivarthi H; Lu, Xin-Yan; Fabio, Facchetti; Hilsenbeck, Susan; Creighton, Chad J; Jaffe, Elaine S; Lau, Ching-Ching

    2009-11-12

    Plasmablastic lymphoma (PL) is a subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Studies have suggested that tumors with PL morphology represent a group of neoplasms with clinopathologic characteristics corresponding to different entities including extramedullary plasmablastic tumors associated with plasma cell myeloma (PCM). The goal of the current study was to evaluate the genetic similarities and differences among PL, DLBCL (AIDS-related and non AIDS-related) and PCM using array-based comparative genomic hybridization. Examination of genomic data in PL revealed that the most frequent segmental gain (> 40%) include: 1p36.11-1p36.33, 1p34.1-1p36.13, 1q21.1-1q23.1, 7q11.2-7q11.23, 11q12-11q13.2 and 22q12.2-22q13.3. This correlated with segmental gains occurring in high frequency in DLBCL (AIDS-related and non AIDS-related) cases. There were some segmental gains and some segmental loss that occurred in PL but not in the other types of lymphoma suggesting that these foci may contain genes responsible for the differentiation of this lymphoma. Additionally, some segmental gains and some segmental loss occurred only in PL and AIDS associated DLBCL suggesting that these foci may be associated with HIV infection. Furthermore, some segmental gains and some segmental loss occurred only in PL and PCM suggesting that these lesions may be related to plasmacytic differentiation. To the best of our knowledge, the current study represents the first genomic exploration of PL. The genomic aberration pattern of PL appears to be more similar to that of DLBCL (AIDS-related or non AIDS-related) than to PCM. Our findings suggest that PL may remain best classified as a subtype of DLBCL at least at the genome level.

  4. TBL1XR1/TP63: a novel recurrent gene fusion in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recently, the landscape of single base mutations in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was described. Here we report the discovery of a gene fusion between TBL1XR1 and TP63, the only recurrent somatic novel gene fusion identified in our analysis of transcriptome data from 96 DLBCL cases. Based on this cohort and a further 157 DLBCL cases analyzed by FISH, the incidence in de novo germinal center B cell-like (GCB) DLBCL is 5% (6 of 115).

  5. Salvia Hispanica Seed in Reducing Risk of Disease Recurrence in Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-02-05

    Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma; Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma; B Lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma; Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm; Burkitt Leukemia; Central Nervous System Lymphoma; Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Enteropathy-Associated T-Cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue; Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Hepatosplenic T-Cell Lymphoma; Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Mycosis Fungoides; Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Primary Effusion Lymphoma; Sezary Syndrome; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Subcutaneous Panniculitis-Like T-Cell Lymphoma; Systemic Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; T Lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma; Transformed Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

  6. Integration of ALV intoCTDSPLandCTDSPL2genes in B-cell lymphomas promotes cell immortalization, migration and survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winans, Shelby; Flynn, Alyssa; Malhotra, Sanandan; Balagopal, Vidya; Beemon, Karen L

    2017-08-22

    Avian leukosis virus induces tumors in chickens by integrating into the genome and altering expression of nearby genes. Thus, ALV can be used as an insertional mutagenesis tool to identify novel genes involved in tumorigenesis. Deep sequencing analysis of viral integration sites has identified CTDSPL and CTDSPL2 as common integration sites in ALV-induced B-cell lymphomas, suggesting a potential role in driving oncogenesis. We show that in tumors with integrations in these genes, the viral promoter is driving the expression of a truncated fusion transcript. Overexpression in cultured chick embryo fibroblasts reveals that CTDSPL and CTDSPL2 have oncogenic properties, including promoting cell migration. We also show that CTDSPL2 has a previously uncharacterized role in protecting cells from apoptosis induced by oxidative stress. Further, the truncated viral fusion transcripts of both CTDSPL and CTDSPL2 promote immortalization in primary cell culture.

  7. Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma in the Elderly: Real World Outcomes of Immunochemotherapy in Asian Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byun, Ja Min; Lee, Jeong-Ok; Kang, Beodeul; Kim, Ji-Won; Kim, Se Hyun; Kim, Jin Won; Kim, Yu Jung; Lee, Keun-Wook; Bang, Soo-Mee; Lee, Jong Seok

    2016-09-01

    We evaluated the real-life treatment outcomes of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma from a homogenous Asian population and defined the cutoff age for "elderly." The medical records of 192 DLBCL patients aged > 60 years who had received first-line immunochemotherapy were retrospectively evaluated. The treatment schedule, adverse events, and survival outcomes were analyzed overall and stratified by 4 age groups (> 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, and ≥ 75 years). Patient age of ≥ 75 years was associated with a significantly lower complete remission rate (86.5% vs. 81.4% vs. 82.0% vs. 51%; P population, 75 years seems to be a judicious cutoff for predicting treatment outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Genetic variation in BAFF is associated with an increased risk of developing B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma

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    Novak, Anne J.; Slager, Susan L.; Fredericksen, Zachary S.; Wang, Alice H.; Manske, Michelle M.; Ziesmer, Steven; Liebow, Mark; Macon, William R.; Dillon, Stacey R.; Witzig, Thomas E.; Cerhan, James R; Ansell, Stephen M.

    2009-01-01

    Elevated BAFF (TNFSF13B) levels have been found in patients with B-cell malignancies and autoimmune diseases suggesting that it may play a pathogenic role. We previously found that a SNP in the TNFSF13B promoter resulted in increased transcription suggesting that genetic variation in TNFSF13B may influence its expression. We therefore wanted to determine if genetic variation in TNFSF13B is associated with high BAFF levels and non-Hogkin lymphoma (NHL) risk. We genotyped 9 tagSNPs within TNFSF13B in a clinic-based study of 441 NHL cases and 475 matched controls and evaluated the association of individual SNPs with risk of NHL, 3 tagSNPs were significant (pTNFSF13B gene is significantly associated with NHL risk and elevated serum BAFF levels. PMID:19383901

  9. CD30 expression and prognostic significance in R-EPOCH-treated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jie; Oki, Yasuhiro; Saksena, Annapurna; Desai, Parth; Lin, Pei; Tang, Guilin; Yin, C Cameron; You, M James; Thakral, Beenu; Medeiros, L Jeffrey; Li, Shaoying

    2017-02-01

    A few recent studies investigated the prognostic impact of CD30 expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone. No study has evaluated the significance of CD30 expression in DLBCL patients treated with rituximab, etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin (R-EPOCH). In a group of 97 patients with DLBCL and high-risk features who received R-EPOCH induction therapy, we studied CD30 expression by immunohistochemistry using different cutoff values (>0% and ≥20% of lymphoma cells, respectively) and correlated with prognosis. CD30 expression was detected in 24 (25%) cases using a cutoff greater than 0% and in 12 (12%) cases using a cutoff of 20% or greater. The clinicopathological features were similar between CD30+ and CD30-negative groups. A major difference was that MYC rearrangement was infrequent in the CD30+ group: 2 (9%) of 23 in CD30+ versus 25 (35%) of 72 in CD30-negative group (P=.02). CD30 expression was not associated with germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) or non-GCB type. Overall survival (OS) was not significantly different between patients with CD30+ and patients with CD30-negative DLBCL, either for all patients or for the subset of patients without MYC rearrangement, regardless of cutoff (P>.05). CD30 expression was not associated with OS in either GCB or non-GCB subtype (P>.05, > 0% cutoff). In conclusion, CD30 expression was detected in up to 25% of cases of DLBCL and was more frequent in tumors without MYC rearrangement. CD30 expression was not associated with OS in R-EPOCH-treated de novo DLBCL patients. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. EZH2 overexpression in primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and its association with the clinicopathological features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yang; Yu, Kangjie; Li, Mingyang; Zeng, Kaixuan; Wei, Jie; Li, Xia; Liu, Yixiong; Zhao, Danhui; Fan, Linni; Yu, Zhou; Wang, Yingmei; Li, Zengshan; Zhang, Wei; Bai, Qingxian; Yan, Qingguo; Guo, Ying; Wang, Zhe; Guo, Shuangping

    2017-06-01

    Gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (GI DLBCL) is the most common gastrointestinal lymphoma. Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several cancers. However, EZH2 has not been studied in GI DLBCL. Thus, we investigated EZH2 expression and EZH2 Y641 mutation in 100 GI DLBCL specimens by immunohistochemistry and sequencing. In addition, trimethylated H3K27 (H3K27me3), BCL2, c-MYC, and Ki-67 expression and Helicobacter pylori infection were detected, and BCL2 and c-MYC gene translocation was assessed. EZH2 was overexpressed in 50% of cases. EZH2 overexpression was significantly associated with higher stage (P = .014), higher International Prognostic Index score (P = .003), reduced overall survival rate (P = .030), and H3K27me3 (P = .001) and c-MYC expression (P = .008). We detected EZH2 mutations in 1 of 33 (3.0%) DLBCLs with a germinal center immunophenotype. The frequency of EZH2 Y641 mutation in GI DLBCL was significantly lower than that in patients with DLBCL without gastrointestinal features (P = .022). BCL2 and c-MYC translocation was detected in 6.5% and 5.1% of cases, respectively. BCL2 translocation was detected exclusively in the germinal center B-cell-like subtype. Chronic gastroenteritis was present in all cases, and 36.4% of gastric DLBCL cases had H pylori infection. The data indicate that primary GI DLBCL is closely related with chronic inflammation and has a low frequency of molecular abnormality, and EZH2 overexpression is significantly associated with inferior outcome in patients with primary GI DLBCL; evaluating EZH2 expression has therapeutic implications. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Machine Learning-based Classification of Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Patients by Their Protein Expression Profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deeb, Sally J; Tyanova, Stefka; Hummel, Michael; Schmidt-Supprian, Marc; Cox, Juergen; Mann, Matthias

    2015-11-01

    Characterization of tumors at the molecular level has improved our knowledge of cancer causation and progression. Proteomic analysis of their signaling pathways promises to enhance our understanding of cancer aberrations at the functional level, but this requires accurate and robust tools. Here, we develop a state of the art quantitative mass spectrometric pipeline to characterize formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues of patients with closely related subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We combined a super-SILAC approach with label-free quantification (hybrid LFQ) to address situations where the protein is absent in the super-SILAC standard but present in the patient samples. Shotgun proteomic analysis on a quadrupole Orbitrap quantified almost 9,000 tumor proteins in 20 patients. The quantitative accuracy of our approach allowed the segregation of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients according to their cell of origin using both their global protein expression patterns and the 55-protein signature obtained previously from patient-derived cell lines (Deeb, S. J., D'Souza, R. C., Cox, J., Schmidt-Supprian, M., and Mann, M. (2012) Mol. Cell. Proteomics 11, 77-89). Expression levels of individual segregation-driving proteins as well as categories such as extracellular matrix proteins behaved consistently with known trends between the subtypes. We used machine learning (support vector machines) to extract candidate proteins with the highest segregating power. A panel of four proteins (PALD1, MME, TNFAIP8, and TBC1D4) is predicted to classify patients with low error rates. Highly ranked proteins from the support vector analysis revealed differential expression of core signaling molecules between the subtypes, elucidating aspects of their pathobiology. © 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  12. Rabacfosadine for relapsed canine B-cell lymphoma: Efficacy and adverse event profiles of 2 different doses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saba, C F; Vickery, K R; Clifford, C A; Burgess, K E; Phillips, B; Vail, D M; Wright, Z M; Morges, M A; Fan, T M; Thamm, D H

    2017-09-11

    Rabacfosadine (RAB), a novel double prodrug of the acyclic nucleotide phosphonate PMEG, preferentially targets neoplastic lymphocytes with reduced off target toxicity. Historical studies have suggested that every 21-day dosing is effective with acceptable toxicity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate RAB's safety and efficacy at 2 different doses every 21 days in dogs with relapsed B-cell lymphoma. Dogs that had failed 1 doxorubicin-based chemotherapy protocol were eligible for inclusion in this prospective trial. Once enrolled, dogs were randomized to receive RAB at either 0.82 mg/kg or 1.0 mg/kg as a 30-minute IV infusion every 21 days for up to 5 treatments. Response assessment and adverse event (AE) evaluation were performed every 21 days via VCOG criteria. Fifty dogs were enrolled, with 16 treated at 0.82 mg/kg and 34 treated at 1.0 mg/kg. The overall response rate was 74%, with 45% of dogs experiencing a complete response (CR). The median progression free intervals (PFIs) were 108 days, 172 days and 203 days for all dogs, all responders, and all CRs, respectively. Response rates and PFIs were similar in both treatment groups. The incidence of AEs, dose delays, dose reductions and withdrawals were not statistically different between the 2 groups. The AEs observed were similar to those previously reported and included hematologic, gastrointestinal, dermatologic and pulmonary AEs. One dog had grade 5 pulmonary fibrosis; otherwise, AEs resolved with supportive treatment. Rabacfosadine is a generally well tolerated, effective chemotherapy option for dogs with relapsed B-cell lymphoma. © 2017 The Authors. Veterinary and Comparative Oncology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Diffuse large B cell lymphoma presenting as Horner's syndrome in a patient diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1: a case report and review of the literature

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    Lueangarun Saoraya

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Horner's syndrome has a variety of etiologies ranging from benign to serious life-threatening conditions and has been infrequently reported as a presenting symptom of patients with lymphoid neoplasms. Only one case of Burkitt's lymphoma presenting with toothache, paresthesia, and Horner's syndrome has been described and no case reports of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma as the etiology of Horner's syndrome currently exist in the literature. In addition, lymphoid neoplasms have rarely been reported to occur in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 despite an increased risk of many types of cancer in such cases. Case presentation A 28-year-old Thai man presented with a progressively enlarged left supraclavicular mass together with a significant weight loss and night sweating for four months. He also noticed hoarseness and ptosis of his left eye associated with double vision for two months. Physical examination revealed large supraclavicular lymphadenopathy and Horner's syndrome (ptosis, miosis, and anhydrosis on the left side of his face. A large mediastinal mass was clearly detected by chest X-ray and computed tomography and subsequent lymph node biopsy provided a diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Interestingly, the patient was also definitely diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 from multiple café au lait macules, axillary freckles, three neurofibromas, multiple Lisch nodules, and a history of affected family members. He subsequently received chemotherapy with a good response. Twenty-seven cases of various types of lymphoid neoplasms previously reported to occur in neurofibromatosis type 1 patients were also extracted from the literature. All cases were non-Hodgkin lymphoma and the major subtype was T-cell. Only nine cases were B-cell lymphoma. The majority of cases were young with a median age at lymphoma diagnosis of 9.4 years (range 1.1 to 77 years. Two-thirds of the cases were boys or men. Other concomitant

  14. Tenovin-6 inhibits proliferation and survival of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cells by blocking autophagy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Hongfeng; He, Meilan; Cheng, Fan; Bai, Rosemary; da Silva, Suzane Ramos; Aguiar, Ricardo C T; Gao, Shou-Jiang

    2017-02-28

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is one of the most aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas. It is curable but one-third of cases are refractory to therapy or relapse after initial response highlighting the urgent need for developing novel therapeutic approaches. Targeting sirtuins, particularly SIRT1 by genetic approaches or using pharmaceutical inhibitor tenovin-6, has shown promising therapeutic potential in various hematopoietic malignancies. However, it remains unknown whether these approaches are effective for DLBCL. In this study, we have found that tenovin-6 potently inhibits the proliferation and survival of DLBCL cells. Surprisingly, specific knockdown of SIRT1/2/3 has no effect on DLBCL. Mechanistically, tenovin-6 increases the level of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B)-II in a SIRT1/2/3- and p53-independent manner in DLBCL cell lines. Tenovin-6-mediated increase of LC3B-II is through inhibition of classical autophagy pathway. Furthermore, inhibition of the autophagy pathway by using other inhibitors or by knocking down key genes in the pathway impairs cell proliferation and survival of DLBCL cells. These results indicate that targeting the autophagic pathway could be a novel therapeutic strategy for DLBCL and that precaution should be taken to interpret data where tenovin-6 was used as an inhibitor of sirtuins.

  15. CD38 and interleukin 6 gene polymorphism in egyptians with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talaat, Roba M; Abdel-Aziz, Amal M; El-Maadawy, Eman A; Abdel-Bary, Naser

    2015-01-01

    Given the importance of understanding the genetic variations involved in the pathogenesis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), this pilot study was designed to investigate the impact of CD38 (184C/G; rs6449182) and IL-6 (-174 G/C; rs1800795) gene polymorphism on susceptibility of Egyptians to diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL); major types of NHL. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first one that examines CD38 polymorphism in the NHL. Genotyping polymorphism is performed using restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction (RFLP-PCR) for CD38 and Mutagenically separated PCR (MS-PCR) for IL-6 in 100 Egyptian NHL patients with DLBCL subtype and 119 normal controls. The serum level of IL-6 was measured using Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). CD38 (184C/G) genotype is significantly increased in NHL patients (p DLBCL. Our pilot study indicates that CD38 (184) CG genotype might play a role in DLBCL susceptibility in Egyptians. Additional prospective studies on larger population are needed to confirm our findings.

  16. Efficacy and safety of lenalinomide combined with rituximab in patients with relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanov, Vadim; Coso, Diane; Chetaille, Bruno; Esterni, Benjamin; Olive, Daniel; Aurran-Schleinitz, Therese; Schiano, Jean Marc; Stoppa, Anne-Marie; Broussais-Guillaumot, Florence; Blaise, Didier; Bouabdallah, Reda

    2014-11-01

    Initial clinical trials demonstrated that lenalidomide monotherapy has a significant activity against some subtypes of lymphoma, but in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) its activity is limited. The combination of lenalidomide with rituximab may be a promising therapeutic strategy. We retrospectively analyzed clinical outcomes in 17 patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) DLBCL treated with lenalidomide, 25 mg/day for 21/28 days and rituximab, 375 mg/m(2) on day 7 of every lenalidomide cycle, for a maximum of 12 months. The overall response rate (ORR) was 41.2% with 35.3% complete response (CR), while median response duration was 26.5 months at a median follow-up of 24.9 months. Two patients with CR relapsed after 4 and 27 months of CR, and another four are actually in CR at + 13, + 23, + 24 and + 29 months. The estimated 24-month overall survival (OS) was 45% and progression-free survival (PFS) was 38%. Adverse events were manageable and mostly included thrombocytopenia and neutropenia. Lenalidomide-rituximab is active in R/R DLBCL with an important percentage of continuous CR.

  17. Spontaneous Remission of Epstein-Barr Virus-Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Elderly

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    T. Mizuno

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A 94-year-old female patient presented with anorexia and left axillar lymphadenopathy on admission. Her past history was angina pectoris at 83 years of age and total gastrectomy due to gastric cancer at 87 years. The family history revealed that her son had had a malignant lymphoma, the histopathological diagnosis of which was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. A physical examination showed both cervical, axillar, and inguinal lymphadenopathy without tenderness. She had elevated lactate dehydrogenase, ferritin, and soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R. Whole-body computed tomography confirmed the cervical, axillary, and inguinal lymphadenopathy. Gallium-68 imaging revealed positive accumulation in these superficial lymph nodes. A right inguinal lymph node biopsy showed features of Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorder. Immunohistological studies on this lymph node biopsy showed CD20-positive large cells, CD3-positive small cells, and CD30-partly-positive large cells. In situ hybridization showed Epstein-Barr virus-positive, LMP-partly-positive, and EBNA2-negative cells. She refused chemotherapy as her son had died from hematemesis during chemotherapy. She received intravenous hyperalimentation for 1 month after admission. No palpable lymph nodes were identified by physical examination or computed tomography 3 months after admission, and regression of lactate dehydrogenase, ferritin, and sIL-2R was observed. She recovered from anorexia and was discharged. She died from pneumonia 10 months later after initial symptoms of anorexia. The autopsy showed no superficial lymphadenopathy.

  18. Secondary CNS relapse in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: defining high-risk patients and optimization of prophylaxis strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Kerry J

    2017-12-08

    Despite improvement in survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with the introduction of rituximab, central nervous system (CNS) relapse continues to represent a clinical challenge. A number of studies have evaluated clinical risk factors in an attempt to identify high-risk patients to direct CNS staging investigations and consider prophylaxis strategies. The CNS International Prognostic Index is a robust and reproducible risk model that can identity patients at high risk of CNS relapse, but its specificity remains limited. Studies are emerging of biomarkers that predict CNS relapse that can be integrated with clinical risk models to better identify high-risk patients for CNS-directed prophylaxis strategies. Because CNS parenchymal disease is the predominant compartment, prophylaxis should include deeply penetrant drugs such as high-dose methotrexate. However, this has been associated with toxicity and has limited use in older patients. Novel therapies are being tested in primary CNS lymphoma with encouraging results and may represent rational strategies to be further explored in the prophylaxis setting. © 2016 by The American Society of Hematology. All rights reserved.

  19. Risk factors and patterns of lymph node involvement in primary gastric large B-cell lymphoma: implications for target definition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang X

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Ximei Zhang, Peiguo Wang, Lujun Zhao, Zhiyong Yuan, Ping Wang Department of Radiation Oncology, Tianjin’s Clinical Research Center for Cancer and Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, People’s Republic of China Background: The aim of this study was to identify the appropriate radiation volume for primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PG-DLBCL.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and pathological findings of 68 patients treated with total gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy.Results: There were 23, 14, and 29 patients with stage I, stage II, and stage IIE disease, respectively, and 30 patients had lymph node involvement. Primary tumor location, as well as the depth of invasion, was significantly associated with lymph node involvement. When the tumor was limited to the muscularis, the involved lymph nodes were found to be perigastric nodes. For tumors invading beyond the muscularis, regional lymph nodes were involved.Conclusion: The optimal radiation volume for patients with PG-DLBCL is largely dependent on the primary location and depth of invasion. Larger series and longer follow-up are needed to further delineate the radiation volumes for PG-DLBCL. Keywords: primary gastric lymphoma, failure patterns, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, prognosis

  20. [Clinicopathologic study of 369 B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases, with reference to the 2001 World Health Organization classification of lymphoid neoplasms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yan-ning; Zhou, Xiao-ge; Zhang, Shu-hong; Wang, Peng; Zhang, Chang-huai; Huang, Shou-fang

    2005-04-01

    To describe the relative frequency, morphologic features, immunophenotype and clinical data of different types of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) and to evaluate the practical application of the 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms. 369 documented cases of B-NHL were further subtyped according to the 2001 WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms, on the basis of hematoxylin and eosin staining, immunohistochemistry and in-situ hybridization techniques. Amongst the 369 cases of B-NHL studied, 353 cases could be further classified into 11 subtypes. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, extranodal marginal zone lymphoma and follicular lymphoma were the commonest subtypes, accounting for 51.2% (189 cases), 14.9% (55 cases) and 10.6% (39 cases) of all cases respectively. Tumors in lymph nodes were seen in 158 cases (42.8%) and in extra node in 211 cases (57.2%). B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia and hairy cell leukemia were not identified. When comparing the diagnosis based on morphologic examination alone with the diagnosis based on both morphology and immunophenotype, there was a 80% concordance rate. Immunohistochemical study was helpful in reaching the correct diagnosis in many cases and could improve the overall diagnostic accuracy by about 20%. Amongst cases of B-NHL, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the commonest subtype, followed by MALToma and follicular lymphoma. While morphologic examination forms the basis for lymphoma diagnosis, immunohistochemical study also plays an important role in further subtyping. A combination of both modalities are sufficient for arriving at an accurate diagnosis in most cases of B-NHL, in keeping with the recommendation of the 2001 WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms.

  1. Synergistic effect of oridonin and a PI3K/mTOR inhibitor on the non-germinal center B cell-like subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Qing

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We demonstrate the synergistic antitumor effect of oridonin and the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 on the non-germinal center B cell-like subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (non-GCB DLBCL both in vitro and in vivo. The underlying mechanism may be multifunctional, involving apoptosis, AKT/mTOR and NF-kB inactivation, and ROS-mediated DNA damage response. Our findings pave the way for a new potential treatment option for non-GCB DLBCL with the combination of oridonin and NVP-BEZ235.

  2. Bispecific anti-CD20/22 antibodies inhibit B-cell lymphoma proliferation by a unique mechanism of action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Zhengxing; Cardillo, Thomas M.; Shi, Victoria; Hansen, Hans J.; Chang, Chien-Hsing

    2008-01-01

    Combination immunotherapy with anti-CD20 and anti-CD22 mAbs shows promising activity in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Therefore, bispecific mAbs (bsAbs) were recombinantly constructed from veltuzumab (humanized anti-CD20) and epratuzumab (humanized anti-CD22) and evaluated in vitro and in vivo. While none of the parental mAbs alone or mixed had notable antiproliferative activity against Burkitt lymphoma cells when not cross-linked, the bsAbs [eg, anti-CD20 IgG-anti–CD22 (scFv)2] were inhibitory without cross-linking and synergistic with B-cell antigen (BCR)-mediated inhibition. The bsAbs demonstrated higher antibody-dependent cellulary cytoxicity (ADCC) activity than the parental mAbs, but not complement-dependent cytoxicity (CDC) of the parental CD20 mAb. Cross-linking both CD20 and CD22 with the bsAbs resulted in the prominent redistribution of not only CD20 but also CD22 and BCR into lipid rafts. Surprisingly, appreciable translocation of CD22 into lipid rafts was also observed after treatment with epratuzumab. Finally, the bsAbs inhibited Daudi lymphoma transplant growth, but showed a significant advantage over the parental anti-CD20 mAb only at the highest dose tested. These results suggest that recombinantly fused, complementary, bispecific, anti-CD20/22 antibodies exhibit functional features distinct from their parental antibodies, perhaps representing new candidate therapeutic molecules. PMID:18025153

  3. CD30 expression in de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a population-based study from British Columbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slack, Graham W; Steidl, Christian; Sehn, Laurie H; Gascoyne, Randy D

    2014-12-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogeneous disease with variable therapeutic responses and alternative therapies are needed for patients with unfavourable treatment outcomes after standard treatment with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone). One promising candidate is brentuximab vedotin, an antibody-drug conjugate targeting CD30-expressing cells. However, CD30 (TNFRSF8) expression patterns in DLBCL are not well described thus far. Here, we examined CD30 expression in a population-based cohort of immunocompetent patients from British Columbia with de novo DLBCL using immunohistochemistry. 385 cases of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded DLBCL in tissue microarrays were evaluated. 95 cases (25%) harboured CD30+ tumour cells. Using a > 0% cut-off, CD30 expression was predictive of superior 5-year progression-free survival within R-CHOP treated germinal centre B-cell-like (GCB) DLBCL (86% vs. 64%, P = 0·020), which was independent of the International Prognostic Index. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was identified in 11 (3%) cases, all of which were non-GCB (P = 0·001) and almost exclusively positive for CD30 expression (10/11) (P DLBCL and CD30 immunohistochemistry may be a useful prognostic marker in R-CHOP treated GCB-DLBCL. The significant association of CD30 with EBV-positive non-GCB DLBCL suggests a distinct pathobiology for these cases. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Clinical and biological significance of de novo CD5+ diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in Western countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabbar, Kausar J.; Cao, Xin; Tzankov, Alexandar; Visco, Carlo; Cai, Qingqing; Montes-Moreno, Santiago; An, Yuji; Dybkaer, Karen; Chiu, April; Orazi, Attilio; Zu, Youli; Bhagat, Govind; Richards, Kristy L.; Hsi, Eric D.; Choi, William W.L.; van Krieken, J. Han; Huh, Jooryung; Ponzoni, Maurilio; Ferreri, Andrés J.M.; Zhao, Xiaoying; Møller, Michael B.; Farnen, John P.; Winter, Jane N.; Piris, Miguel A.; Miranda, Roberto N.; Medeiros, L. Jeffrey; Young, Ken H.

    2015-01-01

    CD5 is a pan-T-cell surface marker and is rarely expressed in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Large-scale studies of de novo CD5+ DLBCL are lacking in Western countries. In this study by the DLBCL Rituximab-CHOP Consortium, CD5 was expressed in 5.5% of 879 DLBCL patients from Western countries. CD5+ DLBCL was associated with higher frequencies of >1 ECOG performance status, bone marrow involvement, central nervous system relapse, activated B-cell–like subtype, Bcl-2 overexpression, and STAT3 and NF-κB activation, whereas rarely expressed single-stranded DNA-binding protein 2 (SSBP2), CD30 or had MYC mutations. With standard R-CHOP chemotherapy, CD5+ DLBCL patients had significantly worse overall survival (median, 25.3 months vs. not reached, PDLBCL patients, which was independent of Bcl-2, STAT3, NF-κB and the International Prognostic Index. Interestingly, SSBP2 expression abolished the prognostic significance of CD5 expression, suggesting a tumor-suppressor role of SSBP2 for CD5 signaling. Gene-expression profiling demonstrated that B-cell receptor signaling dysfunction and microenvironment alterations are the important mechanisms underlying the clinical impact of CD5 expression. This study shows the distinctive clinical and biological features of CD5+ DLBCL patients in Western countries and underscores important pathways with therapeutic implications. PMID:25760242

  5. High nuclear expression of STAT3 is associated with unfavorable prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

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    Zhu J

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of the study was to investigate the expression and prognostic value of STAT3 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. Methods Seventy-four DLBCL patients from 2001 to 2007 were reviewed in the study. The STAT3 expression in their tumor tissues was examined using the immunohistochemistry (IHC method, and evaluated for its association with clinicopathological parameters. Results Strong nuclear staining of STAT3 and phosphorylated-STAT3tyr705 (P-STAT3 were observed in 19 cases (25.7% and 24 cases (32.4%, respectively, and the expression levels were highly consistent between them (P = 0.001. The high nuclear expression of STAT3 was more frequent in the non-germinal center B cell-like (non-GCB DLBCL than that in the GCB subtype, but not reaching significance (P P = 0.005. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the STAT3 expression was an independent prognostic factor for DLBCL patients regardless of CHOP or R-CHOP regimen used as the first-line therapy. Conclusion STAT3 is more frequently expressed in non-GCB DLBCL than that in GCB subtype, and its strong nuclear expression is correlated with poor OS in DLBCL.

  6. Thalidomide enhanced the efficacy of CHOP chemotherapy in the treatment of diffuse large B cell lymphoma: A phase II study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Dongmei; Li, Qiu; Cao, Junning; Guo, Ye; Lv, Fangfang; Liu, Xiaojian; Wang, Biyun; Wang, Leiping; Luo, Zhiguo; Chang, Jianhua; Wu, Xianghua; Hong, Xiaonan

    2016-05-31

    Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone plus rituximab (R-CHOP) is the standard treatment for patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, rituximab cannot be popularly applied in a considerable number of patients with DLBCL because of economic reasons. To develop a new regimen to improve the outcome of these patients is extremely important. In our study, sixty five patients with DLBCL were randomly assigned to thalidomide plus CHOP group (n=32) or to CHOP alone group (n=33). Objective response rates (ORR) and complete remission rates (CRR) were 96.7% and 80.6% in T-CHOP group versus 78.9 % and 57.8 % in CHOP group, respectively (P thalidomide did not significantly increase the grade 3/4 toxicity of CHOP. We concluded that the addition of thalidomide to the CHOP regimen significantly improved the CRR and showed a trend of improving clinical outcome in patients with DLBCL, especially for patients with Bcl-2 positive and Bcl-6 negative B-cell phenotype, without increased toxicity.

  7. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia with histopathological features mimicking cutaneous gamma/delta T-cell lymphoma

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    Natalie Kash

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of cutaneous Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection which presented with clinical and histopathological findings that mimicked a gamma/delta (γδ T-cell lymphoma. In this case, tissue culture of the biopsy specimen was key to determining the diagnosis and allowing appropriate treatment with oral trimethoprim–sulfamethoxazole and topical silvadene. A prompt complete resolution of lesions was observed following antibiotic treatment, with no recurrence of disease over the last 5 years, supporting an infectious rather than malignant etiology. In our patient, radiation therapy was indicated based on the misdiagnosis of γδ T-cell lymphoma, which was supported both clinically and histopathologically. However, tissue culture in this case avoided unnecessary radiation exposure and highlights the role of tissue culture in the evaluation of the biopsy of an undiagnosed cutaneous lesion.

  8. Primary Cutaneous CD 30+ Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma. A Case Report and Literature Review

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    Miguel Ángel Serra Valdés

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Primary cutaneous CD 30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma is part of the spectrum of primary cutaneous CD30 + lymphoproliferative disorders, together with lymphomatoid papulosis. Its frequency is less than 0.5 x 100 000 inhabitants per year. It accounts for a very small proportion of non-Hodgkins lymphomas. The case of an 80-year-old female patient whose diagnosis was established in 2006 because of lesions on the face and neck is presented. The lesions continued to grow in an exaggerated fashion lately leading to deformity of her face. She was admitted due to neurological manifestations unrelated to the lesions. The presentation of this case is necessary because it requires performing differential diagnosis in clinical practice. Given its rarity, it is of interest to the medical community, especially trainees.

  9. Are We Choosing Wisely in Lymphoma? Excessive Use of Surveillance CT Imaging in Patients With Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) in Long-term Remission.

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