WorldWideScience

Sample records for curricular materials including

  1. A New Approach to Authoring Interactive Curricular Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christian, Wolfgang

    2001-10-01

    It is still not common to find computer-based interactive material incorporated into mainstream teaching. Learning the intricacies of a software package is a poor investment of time if the half-life of the textbook is longer than the half-life of the computer technology. Internet technologies are likely to change this situation. This talk describes a set of Java applets, known as Physlets, which make use of these technologies. Physlets are designed to communicate with browsers by employing a scripting language such as JavaScript, thereby allowing one applet to be used in many different contexts. This approach makes it possible to use a modular object-oriented approach for the design of material. But this is not enough. Effective curriculum development must couple our software design philosophy with research into the effectiveness of computer-based instruction. Examples of Physlet-based curricular material will be presented.

  2. 22 CFR 229.455 - Textbooks and curricular material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 229.455 Textbooks and curricular...

  3. Using Federally Funded Curricular Materials to meet Next Geneartion Science Standards in Earth System Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuliffe, C.

    2015-12-01

    The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) describe teaching and learning goals for Earth system science at all levels of K-12, including elementary, middle school, and high school. Teachers must consider science and engineering practices, cross-cutting concepts, and disciplinary core ideas. The National Science Foundation and other federal organizations have supported the development of reformed curricular materials at the K-12 level for many years. Although developed before the adoption of NGSS, many of these Earth system science resources are, in fact, NGSS congruent. Such resources include those developed by TERC, SERC, EDC, NASA, NOAA, USGS, and others. This session features NGSS congruent materials, carefully examining and dissecting the performance expectations that embody these materials. It also shares a process of tagging these materials via NSTA's, NGSS portal guidelines.

  4. Models for Curricular Materials Development: Combining Applied Development Processes with Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appleton, James; Lawrenz, Frances; Craft, Elaine; Cudmore, Wynn; Hall, Jim; Waintraub, Jack

    2007-01-01

    Developing curricular materials for technical and vocational education is particularly challenging because of the comprehensive requirements for technical education and the rapidity with which technical positions are evolving. Well-educated employees are expected to have general communication, reasoning, problem-solving, and behavioral skills in…

  5. Developing intra-curricular photonics educational material for secondary schools in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Amrita; Debaes, Nathalie; Fischer, Robert; Thienpont, Hugo

    2014-07-01

    There is an imminent shortage of skilled workforce facing Europe's hi-tech industries mainly due to the declining interest of young people in science and engineering careers. To avert this trend the European Union funded the development of the `Photonics Explorer' - an intra-curricular educational kit designed to engage, excite and educate students about the fascination of working with optics hands-on, in their own classrooms! Each kit equips teachers with class sets of experimental components provided within a supporting didactic framework based on guided inquiry based learning techniques. The material has been specifically designed to integrate into the curriculum and enhance and complement the teaching and learning of science in the classroom. The kits are provided free of charge to teachers, in conjunction with teacher training courses. The main challenge of this program was the development of educational material that seamlessly integrates into the various national curricula across Europe. To achieve this, the development process included a preparatory EU wide curricula survey and a special `Review and Revise' process bringing together the expertise of over 35 teachers and pedagogic experts. This paper reports on the results of the preparatory study which identified two specific age groups at secondary schools for photonics educational material, the didactic content of the Photonics Explorer kit resulting from a pan-European collaboration of key stakeholders, EU wide dissemination and sustainability of the program.

  6. Transforming Spatial Reasoning Skills in the Upper-Level Undergraduate Geoscience Classroom Through Curricular Materials Informed by Cognitive Science Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ormand, C. J.; Shipley, T. F.; Dutrow, B. L.; Goodwin, L. B.; Hickson, T. A.; Tikoff, B.; Atit, K.; Gagnier, K. M.; Resnick, I.

    2014-12-01

    Spatial visualization is an essential skill in the STEM disciplines, including the geosciences. Undergraduate students, including geoscience majors in upper-level courses, bring a wide range of spatial skill levels to the classroom. Students with weak spatial skills may be unable to understand fundamental concepts and to solve geological problems with a spatial component. However, spatial thinking skills are malleable. As a group of geoscience faculty members and cognitive psychologists, we have developed a set of curricular materials for Mineralogy, Sedimentology & Stratigraphy, and Structural Geology courses. These materials are designed to improve students' spatial skills, and in particular to improve students' abilities to reason about spatially complex 3D geological concepts and problems. Teaching spatial thinking in the context of discipline-based exercises has the potential to transform undergraduate STEM education by removing one significant barrier to success in the STEM disciplines. The curricular materials we have developed are based on several promising teaching strategies that have emerged from cognitive science research on spatial thinking. These strategies include predictive sketching, making visual comparisons, gesturing, and the use of analogy. We have conducted a three-year study of the efficacy of these materials in strengthening the spatial skills of students in upper-level geoscience courses at three universities. Our methodology relies on a pre- and post-test study design, with several tests of spatial thinking skills administered at the beginning and end of each semester. In 2011-2012, we used a "business as usual" approach to gather baseline data, measuring how much students' spatial thinking skills improved in response to the existing curricula. In the two subsequent years we have incorporated our new curricular materials, which can be found on the project website: http://serc.carleton.edu/spatialworkbook/activities.html Structural Geology

  7. The Co-Authored Curriculum: High-School Teachers' Reasons for Including Students' Extra-Curricular Interests in Their Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagay, Galit; Baram-Tsabari, Ayelet; Peleg, Ran

    2013-01-01

    There is increasing evidence of a gap between curricular requirements and what students actually want to know. One of the factors influencing what is taught in the classroom is teachers' attitudes towards integrating their students' interests. This study investigated what prompts high-school teachers who prepare students for national matriculation…

  8. Recent developments in superconducting materials including ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tachikawa, Kyoji

    1987-06-01

    This report describes the history of superconduction starting in 1911, when the superconducting phenomenon was first observed in murcury, until the recent discovery of superconducting materials with high critical temperatures. After outlining the BCS theory, basic characteristics are discussed including the critical temperature, magnetic field and current density to be reached for realizing the superconducting state. Various techniques for practical superconducting materials are discussed, including methods for producing extra fine multiconductor wires from such superconducting alloys as Nb-Ti, intermetallic Nb/sub 3/Sn compound and V/sub 3/Ga, as well as methods for producing wires of Nb/sub 3/Al, Nb/sub 3/(Al, Ge) and Nb/sub 3/Ge such as continuous melt quenching, electron beam irradiation, laser beam irradiation and chemical evaporation. Characteristics of superconducting ceramics are described, along with their applications including superconducting magnets and superconducting elements. (15 figs, 1 tab, 19 refs)

  9. Development, Implementation, and Assessment of Climate Curricular Materials for Introductory Undergraduates: Lessons Learned from the InTeGrate Project's Climate of Change Module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, B.; Fadem, C. M.; Shellito, L. J.

    2014-12-01

    Designing climate change curricular materials suitable for wide adoption across institutions and academic disciplines (including those outside of the geosciences) requires collaboration among faculty at different types of institutions and consideration of a variety of student populations, learning styles, and course formats. The Interdisciplinary Teaching of Geoscience for a Sustainable Future (InTeGrate) project, an NSF STEP Center program, provides opportunities for faculty to develop 2-3 week teaching modules to engage students in understanding the intersections between geoscience topics and societal issues. From 2012-2014, a team of 3 faculty from a liberal arts college, comprehensive university, and community college developed, implemented, assessed, and revised a 2-3 week module for introductory undergraduates entitled "Climate of change: interactions and feedbacks between water, air, and ice". The module uses authentic atmosphere, ocean, and cryosphere data from several regions to illustrate how climate impacts human societies and that the climate system has interacting components complicated by feedbacks, uncertainties, and human behavioral decisions. Students also consider past and present human adaptations to climate fluctuations. The module was piloted in introductory geology, meteorology, and oceanography courses during the 2012-2013 academic year, during which time formative and summative assessments were administered and used to modify the curricular materials. We will provide an overview of the module's content, instructional strategies involved in implementing the module, and methods of formative and summative assessment. We will also report on lessons learned during the development, piloting, revision, and publishing process, the importance of fostering partnerships between faculty from different institution types, and design approaches that promote widespread adoption of climate curricular materials.

  10. InTeGrate's model for developing innovative, adaptable, interdisciplinary curricular materials that reach beyond the geosciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egger, A. E.; Baldassari, C.; Bruckner, M. Z.; Iverson, E. A.; Manduca, C. A.; Mcconnell, D. A.; Steer, D. N.

    2013-12-01

    InTeGrate is NSF's STEP Center in the geosciences. A major goal of the project is to develop curricula that will increase the geoscience literacy of all students such that they are better positioned to make sustainable decisions in their lives and as part of the broader society. This population includes the large majority of students that do not major in the geosciences, those historically under-represented in the geosciences, and future K-12 teachers. To achieve this goal, we established a model for the development of curricular materials that draws on the distributed expertise of the undergraduate teaching community. Our model seeks proposals from across the higher education community for courses and modules that meet InTeGrate's overarching goals. From these proposals, we select teams of 3-5 instructors from three or more different institutions (and institution types) and pair them with assessment and web experts. Their communication and development process is supported by a robust, web-based content management system (CMS). Over two years, this team develops materials that explicitly address a geoscience-related societal challenge, build interdisciplinary problem-solving skills, make use of real geoscience data, and incorporate geoscientific and systems thinking. Materials are reviewed with the InTeGrate design rubric and then tested by the authors in their own courses, where student learning is assessed. Results are reviewed by the authors and our assessment team to guide revisions. Several student audiences are targeted: students in general education and introductory geoscience courses, pre-service K-12 teachers, students in other science and engineering majors, as well as those in the humanities and social sciences. Curriculum development team members from beyond the geosciences are critical to producing materials that can be adopted for all of these audiences, and we have been successful in engaging faculty from biology, economics, engineering, sociology

  11. Curricular Guidelines for Neuroanatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Dental Education, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Presented are the curricular guidelines for Neuroanatomy developed by the Section on Anatomical Sciences of the American Association of Dental Schools for use by individual educational institutions as curriculum development aids. Included are recommendations for primary educational goals, prerequisites, scope, content, behavioral objectives,…

  12. The Scientific and Technological area of the Programs of Curricular Diversification. Critical analysis of the available materials and a case study in Segovia province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal Insua, Maria Pilar

    This thesis is focused on the Scientific area of the Programs of Curricular Diversification, one of the Government actions for the attention to diversity in compulsory Secondary Education, established in the General Education Law (LOGSE: Ley de Ordenacion General del Sistema Educativo) of 1990. It has been carried out in Spain. In the thesis two different lines of work can be distinguished: (A) The analysis of material elaborated specifically for the mentioned area. We intent to know what materials have been elaborated and to analyze them; to this purpose we study the material spread in Congresses or Conferences, and also the articles published in magazines or specifically designed to be used in the Scientific area of the Programs of Curricular Diversification until year 2003. The analysis is made after classifying the material according to the format in which it appears (books, CDs, "Didactic Units"). (B) Two case studies, of evaluative character, carried out in two Secondary Schools in the province of Segovia (Spain), one of them in the city and another one in a rural population. The case studies are centered in the Scientific Area of the Programs of Curricular Diversification that last for two years. In the first of these Centers eight students took part in the Program; in the second, a total of seven. Throughout the investigation we observed that students who took part in the Programs obtained good academic results. Programs are proved to be effective in generating processes of academic success in pupils who were previously in situation of school failure and at risk of social exclusion. The success of these programs is fundamentally due to the following reasons: the low number of students involved, the fact that they are focused on basic knowledge, the reduced number of subjects studied. Besides, to offer the students the chance of a closer relationship with a few teachers increases their motivation and involvement in the programs. Key words: Attention to

  13. Methods of using structures including catalytic materials disposed within porous zeolite materials to synthesize hydrocarbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rollins, Harry W.; Petkovic, Lucia M.; Ginosar, Daniel M.

    2011-02-01

    Catalytic structures include a catalytic material disposed within a zeolite material. The catalytic material may be capable of catalyzing a formation of methanol from carbon monoxide and/or carbon dioxide, and the zeolite material may be capable of catalyzing a formation of hydrocarbon molecules from methanol. The catalytic material may include copper and zinc oxide. The zeolite material may include a first plurality of pores substantially defined by a crystal structure of the zeolite material and a second plurality of pores dispersed throughout the zeolite material. Systems for synthesizing hydrocarbon molecules also include catalytic structures. Methods for synthesizing hydrocarbon molecules include contacting hydrogen and at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide with such catalytic structures. Catalytic structures are fabricated by forming a zeolite material at least partially around a template structure, removing the template structure, and introducing a catalytic material into the zeolite material.

  14. Systems, Society, Sustainability and the Geosciences: A Workshop to Create New Curricular Materials to Integrate Geosciences into the Teaching of Sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosselin, D. C.; Manduca, C. A.; Oches, E. A.; MacGregor, J.; Kirk, K. B.

    2012-12-01

    Sustainability is emerging as a central theme for teaching about the environment, whether it be from the perspective of science, economics, or society. The Systems, Society, Sustainability and the Geosciences workshop provided 48 undergraduate faculty from 46 institutions a forum to discuss the challenges and possibilities for integrating geoscience concepts with a range of other disciplines to teach about the fundamentals of sustainability. Participants from community college to doctorate-granting universities had expertise that included geosciences, agriculture, biological sciences, business, chemistry, economics, ethnic studies, engineering, environmental studies, environmental education, geography, history, industrial technology, landscape design, philosophy, physics, and political science. The workshop modeled a range of teaching strategies that encouraged participants to network and collaborate, share successful strategies and materials for teaching sustainability, and identify opportunities for the development of new curricular materials that will have a major impact on the integration of geosciences into the teaching of sustainability. The workshop design provided participants an opportunity to reflect upon their teaching, learning, and curriculum. Throughout the workshop, participants recorded their individual and collective ideas in a common online workspace to which all had access. A preliminary synthesis of this information indicates that the concept of sustainability is a strong organizing principle for modern, liberal education requiring systems thinking, synthesis and contributions from all disciplines. Sustainability is inherently interdisciplinary and provides a framework for educational collaboration between and among geoscientists, natural/physical scientists, social scientists, humanists, engineers, etc.. This interdisciplinary framework is intellectually exciting and productive for educating students at all levels of higher education

  15. Materials issues in some advanced forming techniques, including superplasticity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wadsworth, J.; Henshall, G.A.; Nieh, T.G. [and others

    1995-08-22

    From mechanics and macroscopic viewpoints, the sensitivity of the flow stress of a material to the strain rate, i.e. the strain rate sensitivity (m), governs the development of neck formation and therefore has a strong influence on the tensile ductility and hence formability of materials. Values of strain rate sensitivity range from unity, for the case of Newtonian viscous materials, to less than 0.1 for some dispersion strengthened alloys. Intermediate values of m = 0.5 are associated with classical superplastic materials which contain very fine grain sizes following specialized processing. An overview is given of the influence of strain rate sensitivity on tensile ductility and of the various materials groups that can exhibit high values of strain rate sensitivity. Recent examples of enhanced formability (or extended tensile ductility) in specific regimes between m = 1 and m = 0.3 are described, and potential areas for commercial exploitation are noted. These examples include: internal stress superplasticity, superplastic ceramics, superplastic intermetallics, superplastic laminated composites, superplastic behavior over six orders of magnitude of strain rate in a range of aluminum-based alloys and composites, and enhanced ductility in Al-Mg alloys that require no special processing for microstructural development.

  16. A hydrodynamic model for granular material flows including segregation effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilberg, Dominik; Klar, Axel; Steiner, Konrad

    2017-06-01

    The simulation of granular flows including segregation effects in large industrial processes using particle methods is accurate, but very time-consuming. To overcome the long computation times a macroscopic model is a natural choice. Therefore, we couple a mixture theory based segregation model to a hydrodynamic model of Navier-Stokes-type, describing the flow behavior of the granular material. The granular flow model is a hybrid model derived from kinetic theory and a soil mechanical approach to cover the regime of fast dilute flow, as well as slow dense flow, where the density of the granular material is close to the maximum packing density. Originally, the segregation model has been formulated by Thornton and Gray for idealized avalanches. It is modified and adapted to be in the preferred form for the coupling. In the final coupled model the segregation process depends on the local state of the granular system. On the other hand, the granular system changes as differently mixed regions of the granular material differ i.e. in the packing density. For the modeling process the focus lies on dry granular material flows of two particle types differing only in size but can be easily extended to arbitrary granular mixtures of different particle size and density. To solve the coupled system a finite volume approach is used. To test the model the rotational mixing of small and large particles in a tumbler is simulated.

  17. Cladding material, tube including such cladding material and methods of forming the same

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garnier, John E.; Griffith, George W.

    2016-03-01

    A multi-layered cladding material including a ceramic matrix composite and a metallic material, and a tube formed from the cladding material. The metallic material forms an inner liner of the tube and enables hermetic sealing of thereof. The metallic material at ends of the tube may be exposed and have an increased thickness enabling end cap welding. The metallic material may, optionally, be formed to infiltrate voids in the ceramic matrix composite, the ceramic matrix composite encapsulated by the metallic material. The ceramic matrix composite includes a fiber reinforcement and provides increased mechanical strength, stiffness, thermal shock resistance and high temperature load capacity to the metallic material of the inner liner. The tube may be used as a containment vessel for nuclear fuel used in a nuclear power plant or other reactor. Methods for forming the tube comprising the ceramic matrix composite and the metallic material are also disclosed.

  18. Thermal and Electrical Properties of Nanocomposites, Including Material Properties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kochetov, R.

    2012-01-01

    The research described in this thesis is part of a state-funded IOP-EMVT project in cooperation with industrial companies, aiming at the design, assessment and implementation of new, environmental friendly (e.g. oil and SF6 - free) solid dielectric materials. A large disadvantage of solid polymer di

  19. Thermal and Electrical Properties of Nanocomposites, Including Material Properties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kochetov, R.

    2012-01-01

    The research described in this thesis is part of a state-funded IOP-EMVT project in cooperation with industrial companies, aiming at the design, assessment and implementation of new, environmental friendly (e.g. oil and SF6 - free) solid dielectric materials. A large disadvantage of solid polymer

  20. Optical properties of multilayer optics including negative index materials

    OpenAIRE

    Lequime, Michel; Gralak, Boris; guenneau, sebastien; Zerrad, Myriam; Amra, Claude

    2013-01-01

    Negative indices are revisited through the thin-film admittance formalism. Effective indices and phase delay associated with wave propagation through negative index layers are carefully defined and computational rules easily implementable in standard thin-film software are derived from this approach. This admittance formalism is then used to recover the main features of the perfect lens and to highlight the benefit of such negative index materials to improve the performances of quarter-wavele...

  1. Optical properties of multilayer optics including negative index materials

    CERN Document Server

    Lequime, Michel; Guenneau, Sebastien; Zerrad, Myriam; Amra, Claude

    2013-01-01

    Negative indices are revisited through the thin-film admittance formalism. Effective indices and phase delay associated with wave propagation through negative index layers are carefully defined and computational rules easily implementable in standard thin-film software are derived from this approach. This admittance formalism is then used to recover the main features of the perfect lens and to highlight the benefit of such negative index materials to improve the performances of quarter-wavelength Bragg mirrors and Fabry-Perot band-pass filters.

  2. Hydrofluoride decomposition of natural materials including zirconium-containing minerals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laptash, N.; Maslennikova, I.

    2016-01-01

    Recently, interest in ammonium hydrogen difluoride (NH4HF2) as a versatile fluorinating agent for the decomposition of natural materials resumed. It is considered to be a new and more efficient than hydrofluoric acid (HF) reagent in analytical chemistry. Thermodynamically possible fluorination reactions with NH4HF2 are exothermic and proceed even at room temperature with the entropy reserve. The fluorination products are of high symmetry phases (tetragonal or cubic) with partial substitution of fluoride ion for oxide (or hydroxide). The fluorination of refractory silicate zircon (ZrSiO4) is kinetically hindered, and its complete decomposition requires the use of a Teflon autoclave at 200oC. The fluorination products are cubic (NH4)3Zr(OH)xF7-x (x ≤ 0.3) and tetragonal double salt (NH4)3SiF7, which can be separated due to incongruent sublimation of (NH4)2SiF6. The mechanism of the latter process is proposed.

  3. Challenges in Implementing Technology-Rich Curricular High School Biology Materials: First Year Findings from the "Exploring Life" Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Betsy; Cates, Ward M.; Bodzin, Alex

    Eighteen high school biology teachers from a stratified sample of 13 distinct geographical United States regions participated in evaluation of the first year prototypes of Exploring Life, a biology program that includes a textbook with an accompanying Internet component and wet-lab investigations. Web activities explain and reinforce the text and…

  4. Systems including catalysts in porous zeolite materials within a reactor for use in synthesizing hydrocarbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolllins, Harry W [Idaho Falls, ID; Petkovic, Lucia M [Idaho Falls, ID; Ginosar, Daniel M [Idaho Falls, ID

    2012-07-24

    Catalytic structures include a catalytic material disposed within a zeolite material. The catalytic material may be capable of catalyzing a formation of methanol from carbon monoxide and/or carbon dioxide, and the zeolite material may be capable of catalyzing a formation of hydrocarbon molecules from methanol. The catalytic material may include copper and zinc oxide. The zeolite material may include a first plurality of pores substantially defined by a crystal structure of the zeolite material and a second plurality of pores dispersed throughout the zeolite material. Systems for synthesizing hydrocarbon molecules also include catalytic structures. Methods for synthesizing hydrocarbon molecules include contacting hydrogen and at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide with such catalytic structures. Catalytic structures are fabricated by forming a zeolite material at least partially around a template structure, removing the template structure, and introducing a catalytic material into the zeolite material.

  5. Praxis educativa ecopacifista de enriquecimiento curricular: Conceptuacion, diseno y divulgacion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osorio, Carlos Agustin Muniz

    A general consensus exists that the present worldwide state of the natural environment is in crisis. Tied to this crisis, the social dimension presents a discouraging picture in aspects like violence and poverty. The predominant neoliberal economic system---ecocidal and genocidal---just as the production system that sustains it, affects this crisis. Puerto Rico, in its political and economic relationship with the United States of America, is not exempt of this situation. Education arises as an alternative to transform this reality. Science education has the potential to address these socio-environmental problems in a creative way. From a scientific educational framework, we conceptualized, designed and disseminated diverse approaches and tools that integrate socio-ecological and environmental aspects, as well as issues related to violence, conflict and peace. The central research questions were: At present, what are some of the main characteristics of the social-ecological and environmental global and local (glocal) issues and what relation do they have with formal education?; What is the ethical responsibility of science education when, facing social-ecological and environmental situations and issues concerning peace?; What educational foundations justify the "Praxis Educativa Ecopacifista de Enriquecimiento Curricular" as an alternative to the situations and issues considered?; What didactic tools do we propose?; What curricular design and revision processes do we propose? What dissemination processes do we propose? The nature of our methodology is qualitative and is centered around curricular design. It includes a research-theoretical dimension, a practical-research dimension, and systematizing of learning elements. We emphasize the conceptualization of the theoretical-philosophical and methodological dimensions of the ecopacifist approach and its fundamental principles. We highlight the praxis, integrating creativity, intelligence and talent development

  6. Composite materials and bodies including silicon carbide and titanium diboride and methods of forming same

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lillo, Thomas M.; Chu, Henry S.; Harrison, William M.; Bailey, Derek

    2013-01-22

    Methods of forming composite materials include coating particles of titanium dioxide with a substance including boron (e.g., boron carbide) and a substance including carbon, and reacting the titanium dioxide with the substance including boron and the substance including carbon to form titanium diboride. The methods may be used to form ceramic composite bodies and materials, such as, for example, a ceramic composite body or material including silicon carbide and titanium diboride. Such bodies and materials may be used as armor bodies and armor materials. Such methods may include forming a green body and sintering the green body to a desirable final density. Green bodies formed in accordance with such methods may include particles comprising titanium dioxide and a coating at least partially covering exterior surfaces thereof, the coating comprising a substance including boron (e.g., boron carbide) and a substance including carbon.

  7. Materials in products selection: tools for including user-interaction in materials selection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Kesteren, I.E.H.; Stappers, P.J.; De Bruijn, J.C.M.

    2007-01-01

    Products do not only discriminate from other products in functionality, but also in the way they please users. The sensorial properties of materials influence whether a product provides adequate feedback or gives a pleasant emotional experience. Designing a specific userinteraction involves selectin

  8. Materials in products selection: tools for including user-interaction in materials selection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Kesteren, I.E.H.; Stappers, P.J.; De Bruijn, J.C.M.

    2007-01-01

    Products do not only discriminate from other products in functionality, but also in the way they please users. The sensorial properties of materials influence whether a product provides adequate feedback or gives a pleasant emotional experience. Designing a specific userinteraction involves selectin

  9. Thermoelectric material including conformal oxide layers and method of making the same using atomic layer deposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Jung Young; Ahn, Dongjoon; Salvador, James R.; Meisner, Gregory P.

    2016-06-07

    A thermoelectric material includes a substrate particle and a plurality of conformal oxide layers formed on the substrate particle. The plurality of conformal oxide layers has a total oxide layer thickness ranging from about 2 nm to about 20 nm. The thermoelectric material excludes oxide nanoparticles. A method of making the thermoelectric material is also disclosed herein.

  10. Thick electrodes including nanoparticles having electroactive materials and methods of making same

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Jie; Lu, Dongping; Liu, Jun; Zhang, Jiguang; Graff, Gordon L.

    2017-02-21

    Electrodes having nanostructure and/or utilizing nanoparticles of active materials and having high mass loadings of the active materials can be made to be physically robust and free of cracks and pinholes. The electrodes include nanoparticles having electroactive material, which nanoparticles are aggregated with carbon into larger secondary particles. The secondary particles can be bound with a binder to form the electrode.

  11. Thick electrodes including nanoparticles having electroactive materials and methods of making same

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiao, Jie; Lu, Dongping; Liu, Jun; Zhang, Jiguang; Graff, Gordon L.

    2017-02-21

    Electrodes having nanostructure and/or utilizing nanoparticles of active materials and having high mass loadings of the active materials can be made to be physically robust and free of cracks and pinholes. The electrodes include nanoparticles having electroactive material, which nanoparticles are aggregated with carbon into larger secondary particles. The secondary particles can be bound with a binder to form the electrode.

  12. Systems and Methods for Fabricating Structures Including Metallic Glass-Based Materials Using Ultrasonic Welding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Douglas C. (Inventor); Roberts, Scott N. (Inventor)

    2017-01-01

    Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention fabricate objects including metallic glass-based materials using ultrasonic welding. In one embodiment, a method of fabricating an object that includes a metallic glass-based material includes: ultrasonically welding at least one ribbon to a surface; where at least one ribbon that is ultrasonically welded to a surface has a thickness of less than approximately 150.mu.m; and where at least one ribbon that is ultrasonically welded to a surface includes a metallic glass-based material.

  13. Strategic Curricular Decisions in Butler University's Actuarial Science Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Christopher James

    2014-01-01

    We describe specific curricular decisions employed at Butler University that have resulted in student achievement in the actuarial science major. The paper includes a discussion of how these decisions might be applied in the context of a new actuarial program.

  14. Strategic Curricular Decisions in Butler University's Actuarial Science Major

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Christopher James

    2014-01-01

    We describe specific curricular decisions employed at Butler University that have resulted in student achievement in the actuarial science major. The paper includes a discussion of how these decisions might be applied in the context of a new actuarial program.

  15. Coupling characteristics between five-layer slab wave-guides including left-handed materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Lu-fa; WANG Zi-hua

    2008-01-01

    To obtain the coupling characteristics between slab wave-guides including lift-handed material, we modify the coupledwave equations by using Maxwell's equations. First, we obtain new-couplid wave equations and new-coupling coefficient.Second, the coupling between two identical five-layer slab wave-guides where their cores are left-haaded material, but theircladdings are right-handed materials is studied. The coupling coefficient for even TE mode which is more complex than thatof the riglt-handed material slab wave guides, is obtained.

  16. LGBTQ Experiences in Curricular Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linley, Jodi L.; Nguyen, David J.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter examines curricula as important microsystems for LGBTQ college students. The authors explore sociocultural influences on curricula and discuss strategies for creating positive curricular experiences for LGBTQ students.

  17. Implicit Solution of Non-Equilibrium Radiation Diffusion Including Reactive Heating Source in Material Energy Equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shumaker, D E; Woodward, C S

    2005-05-03

    In this paper, the authors investigate performance of a fully implicit formulation and solution method of a diffusion-reaction system modeling radiation diffusion with material energy transfer and a fusion fuel source. In certain parameter regimes this system can lead to a rapid conversion of potential energy into material energy. Accuracy in time integration is essential for a good solution since a major fraction of the fuel can be depleted in a very short time. Such systems arise in a number of application areas including evolution of a star and inertial confinement fusion. Previous work has addressed implicit solution of radiation diffusion problems. Recently Shadid and coauthors have looked at implicit and semi-implicit solution of reaction-diffusion systems. In general they have found that fully implicit is the most accurate method for difficult coupled nonlinear equations. In previous work, they have demonstrated that a method of lines approach coupled with a BDF time integrator and a Newton-Krylov nonlinear solver could efficiently and accurately solve a large-scale, implicit radiation diffusion problem. In this paper, they extend that work to include an additional heating term in the material energy equation and an equation to model the evolution of the reactive fuel density. This system now consists of three coupled equations for radiation energy, material energy, and fuel density. The radiation energy equation includes diffusion and energy exchange with material energy. The material energy equation includes reaction heating and exchange with radiation energy, and the fuel density equation includes its depletion due to the fuel consumption.

  18. Curricular Inclusion of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Content in Occupational Therapy Education in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Michelle L

    2016-10-01

    An exploratory, cross-sectional survey design was used to explore the extent to which CAM was included, what factors impacted its inclusion, topics and student learning outcomes covered, who taught the material, and what sources were used to prepare for delivering course content. While the vast majority of responding occupational therapy educators reported curricular inclusion of CAM, educational experiences for occupational therapy students varied widely. This overview of the curricular inclusion of CAM by faculty in occupational therapy programs in the United States indicated that many occupational therapy educators are responding to the demands of a more integrative healthcare system. Resolving ethical and pragmatic issues, providing faculty development opportunities, and standardizing student learning outcomes would align all stakeholders and mitigate ambiguities that currently exist surrounding the inclusion of CAM in occupational therapy education.

  19. Curricular Adaptations in Introductory Physics Labs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreyfus, Benjamin W.; Ewell, Mary; Moore, Kimberly

    2017-01-01

    When curricular materials are disseminated to new sites, there can be a tension between fidelity to the original intent of the developers and adaptation to local needs. In this case study we look at a lab activity that was initially developed for an introductory physics for the life sciences (IPLS) course at the University of Maryland, then implemented at George Mason University with significant adaptations. The goals of the two implementations were overlapping, but also differed in ways that are reflected in the two versions of the lab. We compare student lab report data from the two sites to examine the impacts of the adaptation on how students engaged with the lab.

  20. Insulation Materials Comprising Fibers Having a Partially Cured Polymer Coating Thereon, Articles Including Such Insulation Materials, and Methods of Forming Such Materials and Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Richard E. (Inventor); Meeks, Craig L. (Inventor)

    2017-01-01

    Insulation materials have a coating of a partially cured polymer on a plurality of fibers, and the plurality of coated fibers in a cross-linked polymeric matrix. Insulation may be formed by applying a preceramic polymer to a plurality of fibers, heating the preceramic polymer to form a partially cured polymer over at least portions of the plurality of fibers, disposing the plurality of fibers in a polymeric material, and curing the polymeric material. A rocket motor may be formed by disposing a plurality of coated fibers in an insulation precursor, curing the insulation precursor to form an insulation material without sintering the partially cured polymer, and providing an energetic material over the polymeric material. An article includes an insulation material over at least one surface.

  1. Justicia curricular: significados e implicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela de la Cruz Flores

    2016-01-01

    En este artículo, analizamos el concepto de justicia curricular y sus diversas implicaciones para el campo de la educación, en general, y para los centros educativos y la práctica pedagógica, en particular. El concepto de justicia curricular cobra peso en las sociedades democráticas contemporáneas porque la vida escolar representa un microsistema de la ciudadanía y los valores que rigen las estructuras socioculturales en las cuales se desenvuelven los individuos; al mismo tiempo, la dinámica ...

  2. Mapping to Curricular and Institutional Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oaks, D'Arcy J.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter will discuss how institutional research professionals might integrate co-curricular learning outcomes into larger measures of institutional effectiveness. By mapping co-curricular learning outcomes to align with curricular and institutional goals, linkages can be made that demonstrate mission-congruent activities and outcomes across…

  3. Retention of Economics Principles by Undergraduates on Alternative Curricular Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Daniel K. N.; Lybecker, Kristina M.; Taylor, Corrine H.

    2011-01-01

    The authors investigated whether the curricular structure of an economics course (semester, trimester, or compressed block schedule) has an effect on an undergraduate's subsequent retention of course material, while controlling for other relevant differences. They tested separately for theoretical or process comprehension and for graphical…

  4. Retention of Economics Principles by Undergraduates on Alternative Curricular Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Daniel K. N.; Lybecker, Kristina M.; Taylor, Corrine H.

    2011-01-01

    The authors investigated whether the curricular structure of an economics course (semester, trimester, or compressed block schedule) has an effect on an undergraduate's subsequent retention of course material, while controlling for other relevant differences. They tested separately for theoretical or process comprehension and for graphical…

  5. Curricular Models for Culturally Disadvantaged

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Clement T.

    1976-01-01

    Two psychological theories which seem to have had a great impact on compensatory education programs are Skinnerian reinforcement theory and the cognitive developmental theory derived in part from Jean Piaget. The Englemann-Becker program is a typical example of the Programmed Curricular kind of program; the Florida Project, an Open Framework; and…

  6. Justicia curricular: significados e implicaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela de la Cruz Flores

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, analizamos el concepto de justicia curricular y sus diversas implicaciones para el campo de la educación, en general, y para los centros educativos y la práctica pedagógica, en particular. El concepto de justicia curricular cobra peso en las sociedades democráticas contemporáneas porque la vida escolar representa un microsistema de la ciudadanía y los valores que rigen las estructuras socioculturales en las cuales se desenvuelven los individuos; al mismo tiempo, la dinámica escolar realimenta, reconfigura y transforma los espacios externos al ámbito educativo, como la familia, el campo laboral y la comunidad en su conjunto. Justicia curricular evoca no sólo al derecho a aprender, sino a que dichos aprendizajes sean valiosos para la gestión de la autonomía y la participación activa en las esferas públicas y privadas de la sociedad contemporánea. Concluimos que el concepto de justicia curricular orientado a la promoción de aprendizajes significativos y valiosos es una vía potente para reestructurar los centros educativos y la vida al interior de las aulas.

  7. Reliability Analysis of Brittle Material Structures - Including MEMS(?) - With the CARES/Life Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemeth, Noel N.

    2002-01-01

    Brittle materials are being used, or considered, for a wide variety of high tech applications that operate in harsh environments, including static and rotating turbine parts. thermal protection systems, dental prosthetics, fuel cells, oxygen transport membranes, radomes, and MEMS. Designing components to sustain repeated load without fracturing while using the minimum amount of material requires the use of a probabilistic design methodology. The CARES/Life code provides a general-purpose analysis tool that predicts the probability of failure of a ceramic component as a function of its time in service. For this presentation an interview of the CARES/Life program will be provided. Emphasis will be placed on describing the latest enhancements to the code for reliability analysis with time varying loads and temperatures (fully transient reliability analysis). Also, early efforts in investigating the validity of using Weibull statistics, the basis of the CARES/Life program, to characterize the strength of MEMS structures will be described as as well as the version of CARES/Life for MEMS (CARES/MEMS) being prepared which incorporates single crystal and edge flaw reliability analysis capability. It is hoped this talk will open a dialog for potential collaboration in the area of MEMS testing and life prediction.

  8. OCV Hysteresis in Li-Ion Batteries including Two-Phase Transition Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A. Roscher

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The relation between batteries' state of charge (SOC and open-circuit voltage (OCV is a specific feature of electrochemical energy storage devices. Especially NiMH batteries are well known to exhibit OCV hysteresis, and also several kinds of lithium-ion batteries show OCV hysteresis, which can be critical for reliable state estimation issues. Electrode potential hysteresis is known to result from thermodynamical entropic effects, mechanical stress, and microscopic distortions within the active electrode materials which perform a two-phase transition during lithium insertion/extraction. Hence, some Li-ion cells including two-phase transition active materials show pronounced hysteresis referring to their open-circuit voltage. This work points out how macroscopic effects, that is, diffusion limitations, superimpose the latte- mentioned microscopic mechanisms and lead to a shrinkage of OCV hysteresis, if cells are loaded with high current rates. To validate the mentioned interaction, Li-ion cells' state of charge is adjusted to 50% with various current rates, beginning from the fully charged and the discharged state, respectively. As a pronounced difference remains between the OCV after charge and discharge adjustment, obviously the hysteresis vanishes as the target SOC is adjusted with very high current rate.

  9. Curricular Design, a shared responsibility.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Clara Tovar

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES-CO X-NONE X-NONE Introducción: El diseño o rediseño curricular de un programa académico incluye las fases de fundamentación, definición de ejes problemáticos y estructuración. El estudio pretende fomentar la reflexión sobre la práctica y la investigación en el campo curricular y fortalecer las políticas institucionales relacionadas con el diseño curricular de los programas académicos, en procura de mejorar la pertinencia y la calidad del currículo.Objetivo: Describir las prácticas del diseño curricular en los programas académicos de pregrado de la Facultad de Salud de la Universidad del Valle.Metodología: Se realizó un estudio cualitativo con el enfoque de fenomenología hermenéutica, el cual permite describir e interpretar lo que vivencian los actores sobre el diseño curricular en un momento histórico determinado. Se realizaron entrevistas a profundidad a grupos focales conformados por los miembros de los comités de currículo de los ocho programas académicos de pregrado de la Facultad de Salud de la Universidad del Valle.Resultados: Cada programa académico en su diseño curricular tiene en cuenta aspectos como el marco normativo, el contexto internacional, nacional y local; algunos programas tienen nexos con las diferentes asociaciones de los programas académicos, lo cual contribuye a enriquecer el currículo. De otra parte, la participación docente en el diseño curricular es permanente, mientras que la participación de egresados y empleadores es fluctuante.Conclusiones: La formación disciplinar es fundamental para el desempeño del docente universitario, sin embargo, para hacer más integral su labor se hace necesario que comprenda y se involucre más activa y conscientemente en la fase del diseño curricular. En los procesos formativos de los docentes se debe fortalecer lo relacionado con el diseño curricular de los programas académicos, en procura de mejorar, con su

  10. Retrospective search on biomass harvesting techniques including materials handling and storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-10-01

    This literature search covers the period 1977 to date. The harvesting, materials handling and storage of the following materials: wood; crops and crop residues; peat; sugar cane; reeds, grasses and fers; algae and jojoba shrubs are covered.

  11. Curricular adaptation: alternatives of pedagogical support in the inclusive education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Pereira Leite

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The organization of the inclusive education is a slow and complex process, which has the necessity of investments in supports for all the scholar team. Aiming at spreading one of the actions carried out for the promotion of the inclusive educational practices in a municipal education system in a western city in the state of São Paulo, this paperwork has the objective of presenting an elaborated manual of orientations for the implementation of the individual curricular adaptations (ACIs for students who demand special educational necessities.(NEEs. The material was constituted on the basis of three data sets: 1 tabulation of the evaluations of the curricular adaptations already made; 2 the literature review; 3 analysis of the themes which have emerged during case discussion meetings mediated by the researchers with teachers from the Specialized Pedagogical Support Service (SAPE, with teachers and administrators from the common education system and the technical-pedagogical team. The final version of the manual contemplates the theoretical-operational aspects about the themes: flexibility and curricular adequation, inclusive education, definitions of NEEs, how SAPE works; and it finishes with a model proposal of ACI. It is expected that the spreading of this material can subside new curricular propositions for students with deficiency that are very distant from the academic level expected for the current scholar year.

  12. Curricular reforms of the introduction to composite materials%复合材料概论课程教学改革初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马庆宇

    2011-01-01

    This article introduces the subject of introduction to composite materials,and analyzes the reforms on the teaching process:adjusting teaching contents,changing teaching methods,and enforcing evaluations of the teaching.%分析了复合材料概论课程的特点及在教学过程中存在的问题,结合课程实践,论证了复合材料概论课程改革的主要内容:调整教学内容、改革教学方法、丰富教学手段和改革考核方法.

  13. Open literature review of threats including sabotage and theft of fissile material transport in Japan.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cochran, John Russell; Furaus, James Phillip; Marincel, Michelle K.

    2005-06-01

    This report is a review of open literature concerning threats including sabotage and theft related to fissile material transport in Japan. It is intended to aid Japanese officials in the development of a design basis threat. This threat includes the external threats of the terrorist, criminal, and extremist, and the insider threats of the disgruntled employee, the employee forced into cooperation via coercion, the psychotic employee, and the criminal employee. Examination of the external terrorist threat considers Japanese demographics, known terrorist groups in Japan, and the international relations of Japan. Demographically, Japan has a relatively homogenous population, both ethnically and religiously. Japan is a relatively peaceful nation, but its history illustrates that it is not immune to terrorism. It has a history of domestic terrorism and the open literature points to the Red Army, Aum Shinrikyo, Chukaku-Ha, and Seikijuku. Japan supports the United States in its war on terrorism and in Iraq, which may make Japan a target for both international and domestic terrorists. Crime appears to remain low in Japan; however sources note that the foreign crime rate is increasing as the number of foreign nationals in the country increases. Antinuclear groups' recent foci have been nuclear reprocessing technology, transportation of MOX fuel, and possible related nuclear proliferation issues. The insider threat is first defined by the threat of the disgruntled employee. This threat can be determined by studying the history of Japan's employment system, where Keiretsu have provided company stability and lifetime employment. Recent economic difficulties and an increase of corporate crime, due to sole reliability on the honor code, have begun to erode employee loyalty.

  14. Empirical Validation of a Thermal Model of a Complex Roof Including Phase Change Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane Guichard

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the empirical validation of a building thermal model of a complex roof including a phase change material (PCM. A mathematical model dedicated to PCMs based on the heat apparent capacity method was implemented in a multi-zone building simulation code, the aim being to increase the understanding of the thermal behavior of the whole building with PCM technologies. In order to empirically validate the model, the methodology is based both on numerical and experimental studies. A parametric sensitivity analysis was performed and a set of parameters of the thermal model has been identified for optimization. The use of the generic optimization program called GenOpt® coupled to the building simulation code enabled to determine the set of adequate parameters. We first present the empirical validation methodology and main results of previous work. We then give an overview of GenOpt® and its coupling with the building simulation code. Finally, once the optimization results are obtained, comparisons of the thermal predictions with measurements are found to be acceptable and are presented.

  15. 75 FR 16514 - Bayer Material Science, LLC, Formally Known as Sheffield Plastics, Including On-Site Leased...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Employment and Training Administration Bayer Material Science, LLC, Formally Known as Sheffield Plastics... Material Science, LLC, formally known as Sheffield Plastics, including on-site leased workers from... that Bayer Material Science, LLC was formally known as Sheffield Plastics. Some workers separated...

  16. Propagation properties for five-layer symmetric slab waveguides including left-handed materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Lu-fa; WANG Zi-hua; LI Su-ping

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,we discussed a slab wave-guide of five layers,The core is a left-handed material,but the claddings are righthanded materials.A dispersion equation of TE modes is obtained by using Maxwell's equations,and some new dispersion characteristics are obtained based on the equation.

  17. Compositions of graphene materials with metal nanostructures and microstructures and methods of making and using including pressure sensors

    KAUST Repository

    Chen, Ye

    2017-01-26

    Composition comprising at least one graphene material and at least one metal. The metal can be in the form of nanoparticles as well as microflakes, including single crystal microflakes. The metal can be intercalated in the graphene sheets. The composition has high conductivity and flexibility. The composition can be made by a one-pot synthesis in which a graphene material precursor is converted to the graphene material, and the metal precursor is converted to the metal. A reducing solvent or dispersant such as NMP can be used. Devices made from the composition include a pressure sensor which has high sensitivity. Two two- dimension materials can be combined to form a hybrid material.

  18. Thermoelectric material including a multiple transition metal-doped type I clathrate crystal structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jihui; Shi, Xun; Bai, Shengqiang; Zhang, Wenqing; Chen, Lidong; Yang, Jiong

    2012-01-17

    A thermoelectric material includes a multiple transition metal-doped type I clathrate crystal structure having the formula A.sub.8TM.sub.y.sub.1.sup.1TM.sub.y.sub.2.sup.2 . . . TM.sub.y.sub.n.sup.nM.sub.zX.sub.46-y.sub.1.sub.-y.sub.2.sub.- . . . -y.sub.n.sub.-z. In the formula, A is selected from the group consisting of barium, strontium, and europium; X is selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, and tin; M is selected from the group consisting of aluminum, gallium, and indium; TM.sup.1, TM.sup.2, and TM.sup.n are independently selected from the group consisting of 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metals; and y.sub.1, y.sub.2, y.sub.n and Z are actual compositions of TM.sup.1, TM.sup.2, TM.sup.n, and M, respectively. The actual compositions are based upon nominal compositions derived from the following equation: z=8q.sub.A-|.DELTA.q.sub.1|y.sub.1-|.DELTA.q.sub.2|y.sub.2- . . . -|.DELTA.q.sub.n|y.sub.n, wherein q.sub.A is a charge state of A, and wherein .DELTA.q.sub.1, .DELTA.q.sub.2, .DELTA.q.sub.n are, respectively, the nominal charge state of the first, second, and n-th TM.

  19. Enfoque curricular centrado en la persona

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Manuel Jiménez Castro

    2008-01-01

    A curricular approach structures, visualizes, and organizes the educational process. However in spite of their importance, the Costa Rican educational system does not identify some clear characteristics of a curricular approach, by means of which the educator can locate the student type they should form. This article pretends to systematize and to contribute by means of a bibliographical review of a curricular approach centered in the person, an alternative that allows the formation of people...

  20. Evaluation of flexural strength and color stability of different denture base materials including flexible material after using different denture cleansers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Vrinda R.; Shah, Darshana Nilesh; Chauhan, Chirag J.; Doshi, Paras J.; Kumar, Ashish

    2015-01-01

    Aims: Present study aimed at evaluating the colour stability and flexural strength of flexible denture base materials (Valplast) and Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base material (Meliodent) processed by two different methods (Injection moulding and compression moulding) after immersing them in three different denture cleansers with acidic, basic and neutral PH. Methods and Materials: Total 120 specimens (65 × 10 × 3 mm3), 40 specimens of each material (Valplast, Meliodent compression moulding and injection moulding) were immersed in denture cleansers having different PH; Valclean (Acidic), Clinsodent (Basic) and Polident (Neutral) as well as Distilled Water. Color changes were measured with a spectrophotometer after 1 month, 3 months and 6 months of immersion cycle. A flexural 3-point bending test was carried out by using an Instron universal testing machine after 6 months of soaking. Data were analyzed using SPSS software Results: Maximum effect on colour stability was noted with Clinsodent followed by Valclean. Least color changes were observed after immersion in Polident. Colour difference was increased significantly as the immersion time increased. For both Meliodent and Nylon resins, statistically significant change in flexural strength occurred with immersion in all denture cleansers. Clinsodent has greater effect as compared to Valclean and Polident. Conclusions: Polident and Valclean can be safely used as denture cleanser for both nylon and acrylic resin denture base materials as far as colour stability and flexural strength both are concerned. PMID:26929541

  1. 36 CFR 1290.4 - Types of materials included in scope of assassination record and additional records and information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Types of materials included in scope of assassination record and additional records and information. 1290.4 Section 1290.4 Parks... COLLECTION ACT OF 1992 (JFK ACT) § 1290.4 Types of materials included in scope of assassination record...

  2. Hamline/3M Project: Liaison for Curricular Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rundquist, Andy

    2002-03-01

    This project was designed to catalyze curricular changes to better prepare students for the workplace. Industrial managers provided a list of 16 characteristics valued in the workplace: most were NOT related to science course content. The project formed 5 teams each including 3M professionals and students. Each team developed curricular changes in one of the 16 areas. Team goals were to improve skills in communication, data analysis, business/economics, team problem solving, and culture competency. Curricular changes realized include communication skill activities embodied in science courses and faculty communication teaching skill seminars, self learning tools in data analysis, statistics and model building, a new course developed with assistance from 3M personnel focussing on topics directly related to technological industries, high performance team problem solving training/coaching for faculty and workshops for students and faculty relative to importance of cultural competencies in the workplace, and a new course focusing on culture, team problem solving and conflict resolution in the technical workplace. Process for developing and content of curricular changes will be reported.

  3. Hamline/3M Corp. Project: Liason for Curricular Change*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artz, Jerry L.

    2002-04-01

    This project was designed to catalyze curricular changes to better prepare students for the workplace. Industrial managers provided a list of 16 characteristics valued in the workplace; most were NOT related to science course content. The project formed 5 teams each including 3M professionals and students. Each team developed curricular changes in one of the 16 areas. Team goals were to improve skills in communication, data analysis, business/economics, team problem solving, and cultural competency. Curricular changes realized include communication skill activities embodied in science courses and faculty communication teaching skill seminars; self learning tools in data analysis, statistics and model building; a new course developed with assistance from 3M personnel focusing on topics directly related to technological industries; high performance team problem solving training/coaching for faculty; workshops for students and faculty relative to importance of cultural competencies in the workplace; and a new course focusing on culture, team problem solving and conflict resolution in the technical workplace. Process for developing and content of curricular changes will be reported. *Thanks to: NSF GOALI CHE-99010782

  4. Homestay Program Orientation Manual, Including Leader's Guides and Preparatory Readings, Plus Materials for Student Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grove, Cornelius Lee; Hansel, Bettina

    Developed as orientation materials for foreign students coming to the United States to study English, this manual contains six units to acquaint students with U.S. history, government, and culture. The first unit introduces students to the daily routines and interpersonal relationships of U.S. people. Unit 2 examines the origins and significance…

  5. Damped structural dynamics models of large wind-turbine blades including material and structural damping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chortis, D I; Chrysochoidis, N A; Saravanos, D A [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras, Patras 26500 (Greece)

    2007-07-15

    The paper presents a brief description of composite damping mechanics for blade sections of arbitrary lamination and geometry. A damped 3-D shear beam element is presented enabling the assembly of damped structural dynamic models of blades with hollow multi-cell tubular laminated sections. Emphasis is placed to the inclusion of composite material coupling effects, first in the blade section stiffness and damping matrices and finally into the stiffness and damping matrices of the finite element. Evaluations of the beam element are presented, to quantify the material coupling effect on composite beams of simple box sections. Correlations between predicted and measured modal frequencies and damping values in small model Glass/Epoxy are also shown. Finally, the damped modal characteristics of a 35m realistic wind-turbine blade model design, are predicted.

  6. Recharacterization of Rhinophis dorsimaculatus Deraniyagala, 1941 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae), including description of new material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gower, David J; Wickramasinghe, L J Mendis

    2016-08-29

    The Sri Lankan uropeltid (shieldtail) snake Rhinophis dorsimaculatus Deraniyagala, 1941 was described originally from two specimens that were subsequently lost. The small amount of previously published data and lack of published colour photographs made this one of South Asia's most poorly known snake species, and this resulted in at least one instance of taxonomic misidentification. An additional 10 specimens from a historical collection from the vicinity of the type locality recently came to light. This material is reviewed and documented and the species recharacterized. An additional locality for the species is reported. The newly reported material helps to corroborate the taxonomic validity and distinctiveness of Rhinophis dorsimaculatus. The species is readily distinguished from congeners by having 227 or more ventral scales; a large, dorsally carinate rostral shield; posterior margins of paired anals that are largely separated by the posteriormost ventral scale; and a distinctive colour pattern with bilaterally asymmetrical dark blotches within a broad, pale middorsal stripe and regularly punctate flanks.

  7. Empirical Validation of a Thermal Model of a Complex Roof Including Phase Change Materials

    CERN Document Server

    Guichard, Stéphane; Bigot, Dimitri; Malet-Damour, Bruno; Libelle, Teddy; Boyer, Harry

    2015-01-01

    This paper deals with the empirical validation of a building thermal model using a phase change material (PCM) in a complex roof. A mathematical model dedicated to phase change materials based on the heat apparent capacity method was implemented in a multi-zone building simulation code, the aim being to increase understanding of the thermal behavior of the whole building with PCM technologies. To empirically validate the model, the methodology is based both on numerical and experimental studies. A parametric sensitivity analysis was performed and a set of parameters of the thermal model have been identified for optimization. The use of a generic optimization program called GenOpt coupled to the building simulation code enabled to determine the set of adequate parameters. We first present the empirical validation methodology and main results of previous work. We then give an overview of GenOpt and its coupling with the building simulation code. Finally, once the optimization results are obtained, comparisons o...

  8. Results of a Saxitoxin Proficiency Test Including Characterization of Reference Material and Stability Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsi Harju

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A saxitoxin (STX proficiency test (PT was organized as part of the Establishment of Quality Assurance for the Detection of Biological Toxins of Potential Bioterrorism Risk (EQuATox project. The aim of this PT was to provide an evaluation of existing methods and the European laboratories’ capabilities for the analysis of STX and some of its analogues in real samples. Homogenized mussel material and algal cell materials containing paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP toxins were produced as reference sample matrices. The reference material was characterized using various analytical methods. Acidified algal extract samples at two concentration levels were prepared from a bulk culture of PSP toxins producing dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii. The homogeneity and stability of the prepared PT samples were studied and found to be fit-for-purpose. Thereafter, eight STX PT samples were sent to ten participating laboratories from eight countries. The PT offered the participating laboratories the possibility to assess their performance regarding the qualitative and quantitative detection of PSP toxins. Various techniques such as official Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC methods, immunoassays, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry were used for sample analyses.

  9. curricular innovation in the university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes Callejas Restrepo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The 21st century sets out new challenges to universities and university professors,who have to debate on the quality of education, the requirements on the teaching and learning, and the proposed curricula for the professional and disciplinary training in the university. In this context, research groups from four Colombian universities have developed a project in order to articulate therelationshipswithin the training of university professors, through the research of their practices and processes of curricular innovation. With such a goal the conformation of pedagogical collectives is promoted, and a reflective process about their pedagogical styles is generated (Callejas&,Corredor, 2002. Action research as a methodology and strategy of professional evelopment is proposed (McKernan, 1999, observation-reflection, planning-action, and then back to observation-reflection.Video recordings of classes, individual and group observation of the recordings, and individual and group interviews that favor reflection processes about the dimensions of the pedagogical style are performed. The analysis of the practice is guided by a complex, investigative and comprehensive vision of the curriculum that articulates theory and practice. The critical recognition that teachers do about their own pedagogical style favors the evolution of their ideas and guides them to start a process of curricular innovation.

  10. Development of microwave absorbing materials prepared from a polymer binder including Japanese lacquer and epoxy resin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwamaru, T.; Katsumata, H.; Uekusa, S.; Ooyagi, H.; Ishimura, T.; Miyakoshi, T.

    Microwave absorption composites were synthesized from a poly urushiol epoxy resin (PUE) mixed with one of microwave absorbing materials; Ni-Zn ferrite, Soot, Black lead, and carbon nano tube (CNT) to investigate their microwave absorption properties. PUE binders were specially made from Japanese lacquer and epoxy resin, where Japanese lacquer has been traditionally used for bond and paint because it has excellent beauty. Japanese lacquer solidifies with oxygen contained in air's moisture, which has difficulty in making composite, but we improved Japanese lacquer's solidification properties by use of epoxy resin. We made 10 mm thickness composite samples and cut them into toroidal shape to measure permittivity, permeability, and reflection loss in frequencies ranging from 50 Hz to 20 GHz. Electric magnetic absorber's composites synthesized from a PUE binders mixed either with Soot or CNT showed significantly higher wave absorption over -27 dB than the others at frequencies around 18 GHz, although Japanese lacquer itself doesn't affect absorption. This means Japanese lacquer can be used as binder materials for microwave absorbers.

  11. Optimization of lattice cells materials aiming at thermomechanical applications including isotropy constraints

    OpenAIRE

    Danilo Colletta Guth

    2012-01-01

    Inspirados por materiais encontrados na natureza, pesquisadores têm estudado a utilização de materiais celulares em diversas aplicações como biomedicina, engenharia aeroespacial e militar. O ganho em relação ao material base é a excelente relação entre peso e propriedades diversas como: rigidez ao cisalhamento; condutividade térmica/elétrica; absorção de impacto, ruído e vibrações. Uma classe específica são os materiais constituídos por células treliçadas. Estes possuem estrutura periódica, f...

  12. A model for thermal oxidation of Si and SiC including material expansion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christen, T., E-mail: thomas.christen@ch.abb.com; Ioannidis, A. [ABB Corporate Research, Segelhofstrasse 1K, CH-5405 Baden (Switzerland); Winkelmann, C. [ETH Zürich, Seminar for Applied Mathematics, Rämistrasse 101, CH-8092 Zürich (Switzerland)

    2015-02-28

    A model based on drift-diffusion-reaction kinetics for Si and SiC oxidation is discussed, which takes the material expansion into account with an additional convection term. The associated velocity field is determined self-consistently from the local reaction rate. The approach allows a calculation of the densities of volatile species in an nm-resolution at the oxidation front. The model is illustrated with simulation results for the growth and impurity redistribution during Si oxidation and for carbon and silicon emission during SiC oxidation. The approach can be useful for the prediction of Si and/or C interstitial distribution, which is particularly relevant for the quality of metal-oxide-semiconductor electronic devices.

  13. Instructional Materials for Career Education and Occupational and Personal Guidance: A Revised Catalog of Materials included in Traveling Package Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calkin, Abigail, Comp.; Pellant, William, Comp.

    Approximately 75 instructional materials(including books, filmstrips, cassettes, and tapes) said to be appropriate for career education programs for pre-vocational and vocational special education students are listed in the areas of vocational guidance, personal guidance, and reading, math and other specialized job-related skills. Materials on…

  14. Electric fields, weighting fields, signals and charge diffusion in detectors including resistive materials

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2067623

    2016-01-01

    In this report we discuss static and time dependent electric fields in detector geometries with an arbitrary number of parallel layers of a given permittivity and weak conductivity. We derive the Green's functions i.e. the field of a point charge, as well as the weighting fields for readout pads and readout strips in these geometries. The effect of 'bulk' resistivity on electric fields and signals is investigated. The spreading of charge on thin resistive layers is also discussed in detail, and the conditions for allowing the effect to be described by the diffusion equation is discussed. We apply the results to derive fields and induced signals in Resistive Plate Chambers, Micromega detectors including resistive layers for charge spreading and discharge protection as well as detectors using resistive charge division readout like the MicroCAT detector. We also discuss in detail how resistive layers affect signal shapes and increase crosstalk between readout electrodes.

  15. Nonlinear Thermo-mechanical Finite Element Analysis of Polymer Foam Cored Sandwich Structures including Geometrical and Material Nonlinearity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Palleti, Hara Naga Krishna Teja; Thomsen, Ole Thybo; Taher, Siavash Talebi;

    In this paper, polymer foam cored sandwich structures with fibre reinforced composite face sheets subjected to combined mechanical and thermal loads will be analysed using the commercial FE code ABAQUS® incorporating both material and geometrical nonlinearity. Large displacements and rotations ar...... are included in the analysis. The full nonlinear stress-strain curves up to failure will be considered for the polymer foams at different temperatures to study the effect of material nonlinearity in detail....

  16. Abordagem dos temas alimentação e nutrição no material didático do ensino fundamental: interface com segurança alimentar e nutricional e parâmetros curriculares nacionais Approach to food and nutrition issues in teaching materials in elementary school: interface with food and nutritional security and national curriculum parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Gomes Fiore

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (SAN deve ser assegurada a todos. A escola é ambiente propício à formação de hábitos saudáveis e à construção de cidadania. Os Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais (PCNs orientam a promoção de concepções de saúde de modo transversal no currículo escolar. Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar e analisar a abordagem dos temas alimentação e nutrição no material didático do ensino fundamental e sua interface com o conceito de SAN e com os PCNs. Foi realizada pesquisa documental mediante o material didático de 5ª a 8ª séries do ensino fundamental da rede pública do Estado de São Paulo. A presença difusa do tema alimentação e nutrição na maioria das disciplinas, por todos os bimestres, nas quatro séries, traz à tona a interdisciplinaridade em saúde. Verificou-se que os PCNs estão relacionados ao conceito de SAN nos seus diversos aspectos e que a maioria das disciplinas contém temas que abordam esta relação. Na interface entre os temas, destaca-se a promoção da saúde e a produção dos alimentos. A metodologia utilizada no material didático apresenta o tema, mas não o conteúdo correlato, o que impossibilitou a análise de sua adequação. Conclui-se que existe a abordagem dos temas relacionados à alimentação e nutrição no material didático, alguns de forma inconsistente, e cabe aos educadores a seleção do conteúdo e da estratégia adequada, além de sua constante atualização, o que está sendo proposto pelo Estado, mas não está ao alcance de todos os profissionais e, portanto, ainda depende da iniciativa de cada docente.Food and Nutrition Security (FNS must be ensured to everybody. The school environment is favorable to the formation of healthy habits and citizenship. The National Curriculum Parameters (PCNs guide the promotion of health concepts in a transversal way in the school curriculum. This study aimed to identify and analyze the approach used for

  17. Shear bond strengths of tooth coating materials including the experimental materials contained various amounts of multi-ion releasing fillers and their effects for preventing dentin demineralization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arita, Shoko; Suzuki, Masaya; Kazama-Koide, Miku; Shinkai, Koichi

    2017-01-24

    We examined shear bond strengths (SBSs) of various tooth-coating-materials including the experimental materials to dentin and demineralization resistance of a fractured adhesive surface after the SBS testing. Three resin-type tooth-coating-materials (BC, PRG Barrier Coat; HC, Hybrid Coat II; and SF, Shield force plus) and two glass-ionomer-type tooth-coating-materials (CV, Clinpro XT Varnish; and FJ, Fuji VII) were selected. The experimental PRG Barrier Coat containing 0, 17, and 33 wt% S-PRG filler (BC0, BC17, and BC33, respectively) were developed. Each tooth-coating-material was applied to flattened dentin surfaces of extracted human teeth for SBS testing. After storing in water for 32 days with 4000 thermal cycling, the specimens were subjected to the SBS test. Specimens after SBS testing were subjected to a pH cycling test, and then, demineralization depths were measured using a polarized-light microscope. ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test were used for statistical analysis. The SBS value of FJ and CV was significantly lower than those of other materials except for BC (p materials (p materials demonstrated significantly higher SBS for dentin than the glass-ionomer-type tooth-coating-materials; however, they were inferior to the glass ionomer-type tooth-coating-materials in regards to the acid resistance of the fractured adhesion surface.

  18. Presencia de los modelos curriculares en el diseño curricular regional de Arequipa

    OpenAIRE

    Chirinos Gutiérrez, Leslie Carol; Ramos Rosas, Angelica Giovanna

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene como problema ¿Qué modelos curriculares están presentes en el Diseño Curricular Regional de Arequipa?, el cual es abordado a través del objetivo: determinar los modelos curriculares presentes en el Diseño Curricular Regional de Arequipa. La investigación se cobija bajo el paradigma interpretativo, en el que se adscribe el enfoque cualitativo. Considerando el alcance y profundidad del presente estudio se ubica en un nivel descriptivo. Respecto ...

  19. Un estudio de las perspectivas y valoraciones del profesorado sobre los materiales curriculares impresos de la LOGSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús RODRÍGUEZ RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-11-01

    educativa.ABSTRACT: This paper presents some of the most relevant results from a study carried out in the Department of Didactics and School Organisation of the University of Santiago de Compostela analysing the perception of Primary School teachers regarding the printed curricular materials developed to aid in their teaching activities in the context of the educational reform. With this in mind we carried out a descriptive study in the province of A Coruña. An opinión survey was applied with a sample of 383 teachers from public schools, prívate schools, concertado (schools with public financing and escuelas unitarias (small schools often having only one teacher and located in rural áreas.The dimensions studied were the following: level of awareness regarding normative documents, adequacy of the new printed curricular materials: characteristics and use of the printed curricular materials; teacher training regarding these curricular materials and activities carried out in schools regarding curricular materials.This study also includes recommendations regarding measures which we believe should be taken by the institutions and professionals involved in the process of design, selection and utilisation of curricular materials. These recommendations are based on the assessments, analyses, and considerations expressed by the teachers in our study.Before discussing the results of our research, we will briefly present some of what we consider to be the main aspects characterising the relationship of teachers with curricular materials, which together with teacher training is among the most important support measures available to carry out the educational reform. The reason for our doing so is to reveal some of the reasons behind the decisión to study -through teachers' opinions- the role of curricular materials in the development of the educational reform.RÉSUMÉ: Dans cet article nous présentons quelques des resultáis les plus remarquables d'une recherche réalisée dans le

  20. Operationalizing Identity in Action: A Comparative Study of Direct versus Probabilistic Measures of Curricular Role Identity for Inquiry-Based Science Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Cory T.; Davis, Elizabeth A.

    2012-01-01

    Teachers' "curricular role identities" are those dimensions of their professional identities concerned with the use of curriculum materials. In a previous study, we developed and tested a survey instrument designed to measure preservice elementary teachers' development of curricular role identity for science teaching through their use of science…

  1. Languagesindanger.eu - Including multimedia language resources to disseminate knowledge and create educational material on less-resourced languages

    OpenAIRE

    Jung, D.; Klessa, K.; Duray, Z.; Oszkó, B.; Sipos, M.; Szeverényi, S.; Várnai, Z.; Trilsbeek, P.; Váradi, T.

    2014-01-01

    The present paper describes the development of the languagesindanger.eu interactive website as an example of including multimedia language resources to disseminate knowledge and create educational material on less-resourced languages. The website is a product of INNET (Innovative networking in infrastructure for endangered languages), European FP7 project. Its main functions can be summarized as related to the three following areas: (1) raising students' awareness of language endangerment a...

  2. Calcium phosphate composite materials including inorganic powders, BSA or duplex DNA prepared by W/O/W interfacial reaction method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujiwara, Masahiro [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Kansai Center, 1-8-31 Midorigaoka, Ikeda, Osaka 563-8577 (Japan)], E-mail: m-fujiwara@aist.go.jp; Shiokawa, Kumi; Morigaki, Kenichi; Tatsu, Yoshiro; Nakahara, Yoshiko [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Kansai Center, 1-8-31 Midorigaoka, Ikeda, Osaka 563-8577 (Japan)

    2008-03-10

    We reported before that inorganic reaction occurring at the interface of W/O/W emulsion is advantageous to produce hollow spheres (microcapsules) of inorganic matrices such as silica. This process enables us to include various materials into inorganic matrices directly. Calcium phosphates were also produced from NH{sub 4}H{sub 2}PO{sub 4} and Ca(OH){sub 2} by this interfacial reaction method. Various biomaterials are directly incorporated into crystalline calcium phosphate matrices, when the biomaterials are added to the inner water phase of the W/O/W emulsion. ZrO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders were effectively encapsulated in calcium phosphates such as hydroxyapatite (HAp). The images of backscattered electron of FE-SEM observations indicated that ZrO{sub 2} particles were included in HAp, while they adhered to the surface of HAp in the case of a simple precipitation method. Biomacromolecules such as BSA and duplex DNA were also included in HAp using the inner water phases dissolving them. Fluorescent microscopy observations revealed that biomacromolecules incorporated in HAp localized in some domains of the HAp matrices. Biomacromolecules thus included were scarcely liberated into deionized water, indicating their strong encapsulation in HAp. This general and simple methodology will provide various composite materials of calcium phosphates, which are applicable to regenerative medicine, DDS, GDS and more.

  3. Enfoque curricular centrado en la persona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Manuel Jiménez Castro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Un enfoque curricular estructura, visua-liza y organiza el proceso educativo. Sin embargo, a pesar de su importancia, el sistema educativo costa-rricense no identifica unas características prácticas claras de un enfoque curricular, por medio del cual el educador pueda ubicar el tipo de estudiante que debe formar.Se desea sistematizar y aportar por medio de una revisión bibliográfica, del enfoque curricular cen-trado en la persona, una alternativa que favorezca la formación de las personas de manera integral, que promueva la crítica, la búsqueda de soluciones a problemas comunales y en general al avance de la sociedad a través del bien común.

  4. Modelo curricular de la Universidad del Zulia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neimar Fonseca Cascioli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Un modelo curricular constituye un conjunto de elementos comunes dentro de una corriente de pensamiento en el campo de la educación. El objetivo de la investigación fue explorar los modelos curriculares asumidos por la Universidad del Zulia desde 1946 a 2008. La investigación es de tipo exploratoria, y la metodología utilizada consistió en la revisión de documentos oficiales, bibliografía especializada en la temática y entrevistas a miembros de la Comisión Central de Currículo de la Universidad del Zulia de diferentes períodos. Los resultados evidencian que la universidad en referencia ha asumido dos modelos curriculares: Profesional-Técnico y el Integral. Se concluye que los currículos de las diversas carreras se han caracterizado por ser altamente profesionalizantes, enciclopédicos y conductistas

  5. Design and characterization of a composite material based on Sr(II)-loaded clay nanotubes included within a biopolymer matrix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Buffa, Stefano; Bonini, Massimo; Ridi, Francesca; Severi, Mirko; Losi, Paola; Volpi, Silvia; Al Kayal, Tamer; Soldani, Giorgio; Baglioni, Piero

    2015-06-15

    This paper reports on the preparation, characterization, and cytotoxicity of a hybrid nanocomposite material made of Sr(II)-loaded Halloysite nanotubes included within a biopolymer (3-polyhydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) matrix. The Sr(II)-loaded inorganic scaffold is intended to provide mechanical resistance, multi-scale porosity, and to favor the in-situ regeneration of bone tissue thanks to its biocompatibility and bioactivity. The interaction of the hybrid system with the physiological environment is mediated by the biopolymer coating, which acts as a binder, as well as a diffusional barrier to the Sr(II) release. The degradation of the polymer progressively leads to the exposure of the Sr(II)-loaded Halloysite scaffold, tuning its interaction with osteogenic cells. The in vitro biocompatibility of the composite was demonstrated by cytotoxicity tests on L929 fibroblast cells. The results indicate that this composite material could be of interest for multiple strategies in the field of bone tissue engineering.

  6. Survey of Pharmacy Schools' Approaches and Attitudes toward Curricular Integration

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Poirier, Therese I; Fan, Jingyang; Nieto, Marcelo J

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To identify ways in which curricular integration is addressed in US pharmacy schools, the structure of therapeutics and foundational science courses, and perceptions of the effects current curricular...

  7. Survey of Pharmacy Schools' Approaches and Attitudes toward Curricular Integration

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Therese I Poirier; Jingyang Fan; Marcelo J Nieto

    2016-01-01

      To identify ways in which curricular integration is addressed in US pharmacy schools, the structure of therapeutics and foundational science courses, and perceptions of the effects current curricular...

  8. Cathode material comparison of thermal runaway behavior of Li-ion cells at different state of charges including over charge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza-Hernandez, Omar Samuel; Ishikawa, Hiroaki; Nishikawa, Yuuki; Maruyama, Yuki; Umeda, Minoru

    2015-04-01

    The analysis of Li-ion secondary cells under outstanding conditions, as overcharge and high temperatures, is important to determine thermal abuse characteristics of electroactive materials and precise risk assessments on Li-ion cells. In this work, the thermal runaway behavior of LiCoO2 and LiMn2O4 cathode materials were compared at different state of charges (SOCs), including overcharge, by carrying out accelerating rate calorimetry (ARC) measurements using 18650 Li-ion cells. Onset temperatures of self-heating reactions and thermal runaway behavior were identified, and by using these onset points thermal mapping plots were made. We were able to identify non-self-heating, self-heating and thermal runaway regions as a function of state of charge and temperature. The cell using LiMn2O4 cathode material was found to be more thermally stable than the cell using LiCoO2. In parallel with the ARC measurements, the electrochemical behavior of the cells was monitored by measuring the OCV and internal resistance of the cells. The electrochemical behavior of the cells showed a slightly dependency on SOC.

  9. Constitutive models for granular materials including quasi-static frictional behaviour: Toward a thermodynamic theory of plasticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svendsen, B.; Hutter, K.; Laloui, L.

    This work deals with the thermodynamic formulation of constitutive models for materials whose quasi-static behaviour is governed by internal friction, e.g., dry granular materials. The process of internal friction is represented here phenomenologically with the help of a second-order, symmetric-tensor-valued internal variable. A general class of models for the evolution of this variable is considered, including as special cases a hypoelastic-like form for this relation as well as the hypoplastic form of Kolymbas (1991). The thermodynamic formulation is carried out in the context of the Müller-Liu entropy principle. Among other things, it is shown that for the hypoelastic-type models, a true equilibrium inelastic Cauchy stress exists. On the other hand, such a stress does not exist for the hypoplastic model due to its rate-independence and incremental non-linearity. With the help of a slight generalization of the notion of thermodynamic equilibrium, i.e., to thermodynamic ``quasi-equilibrium,'' however, such a Cauchy stress can be formulated for the hypoplastic model. As it turns out, this quasi-equilibrium for the Cauchy stress represents a thermodynamic generalization of the so-called quasi-static stress postulated for example by Goddard (1986) in the context of his viscoplastic model for a frictional-dissipative, and in particular for granular, materials.

  10. The Effect of Cross-Curricular Instruction on Reading Comprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslan, Yasin

    2016-01-01

    Cross-curricular objectives serve as a kind of "safety net" for core objectives. Firstly, cross-curricular objectives refer to competencies that do not pertain to the content of one or more subjects, but that can be taught, practised and applied in it, such as learning to learn and social skills. Secondly, certain cross-curricular final…

  11. Curricular Guidelines for Dental Auxiliary Radiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Dental Education, 1981

    1981-01-01

    AADS curricular guidelines suggest objectives for these areas of dental auxiliary radiology: physical principles of X-radiation in dentistry, related radiobiological concepts, principles of radiologic health, radiographic technique, x-ray films and intensifying screens, factors contributing to film quality, darkroom, and normal variations in…

  12. Co-Curricular Assessment Scale Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldmann, Matthew; Aper, Jeffery P.; Meredith, Sam T.

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses the development of a scale informed by the construct of emotional intelligence designed to measure student development outcomes identified as co-curricular goals. Supervisors, staff, and coaches provided firsthand accounts of student development outcomes at a small, private, liberal arts work college, generating data on…

  13. Cross-Curricular Science and History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Eleanor

    2011-01-01

    Cross-curricular teaching and learning can be an approach that not only looks to amalgamate subjects together for the sake of greater understanding of each individual subject, but also to make meaningful connections between subjects based on disciplinary similarities. This involves a deeper understanding of each subject's specific characteristics…

  14. Curricular Content for Pupils' Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebadi, Seyed Hossein; Keshtiaray, Narges; Aghaei, Asghar; Yousefy, Alireza

    2016-01-01

    Present-day curricular designs have to take the pupils' psychological needs in account, thus becoming melodies of mental health and happiness for the next generation. Emphasizing the findings from previous investigations using the research synthesis methodology, the present study has been conducted aiming at achieving some integrative knowledge…

  15. Curricular Guidelines for Dental Auxiliary Radiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Dental Education, 1981

    1981-01-01

    AADS curricular guidelines suggest objectives for these areas of dental auxiliary radiology: physical principles of X-radiation in dentistry, related radiobiological concepts, principles of radiologic health, radiographic technique, x-ray films and intensifying screens, factors contributing to film quality, darkroom, and normal variations in…

  16. About Extra-Curricular Activities of The University Graduate – Student’s Viewpoint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanova Veronica

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Extra-curricular activity of modern youth, including university students, is considered to reduce. Students are thought to demonstrate consumer’s attitude, unwillingness to participate in any social activity, and as a result, the level of soft skills acquired by university students is decreasing. The study of social activity of 100 Bachelor graduates from TPU, including the program “Electrical engineering”, indicated the role of the university in creation of conditions for competence development during training of students according to individual educational trajectory and development of their social (extra-curricular activity.

  17. A quasi-static algorithm that includes effects of characteristic time scales for simulating failures in brittle materials

    KAUST Repository

    Liu, Jinxing

    2013-04-24

    When the brittle heterogeneous material is simulated via lattice models, the quasi-static failure depends on the relative magnitudes of Telem, the characteristic releasing time of the internal forces of the broken elements and Tlattice, the characteristic relaxation time of the lattice, both of which are infinitesimal compared with Tload, the characteristic loading period. The load-unload (L-U) method is used for one extreme, Telem << Tlattice, whereas the force-release (F-R) method is used for the other, Telem T lattice. For cases between the above two extremes, we develop a new algorithm by combining the L-U and the F-R trial displacement fields to construct the new trial field. As a result, our algorithm includes both L-U and F-R failure characteristics, which allows us to observe the influence of the ratio of Telem to Tlattice by adjusting their contributions in the trial displacement field. Therefore, the material dependence of the snap-back instabilities is implemented by introducing one snap-back parameter γ. Although in principle catastrophic failures can hardly be predicted accurately without knowing all microstructural information, effects of γ can be captured by numerical simulations conducted on samples with exactly the same microstructure but different γs. Such a same-specimen-based study shows how the lattice behaves along with the changing ratio of the L-U and F-R components. © 2013 The Author(s).

  18. An Inventory of Human Rights Teaching Materials = Repertoire du Materiel Pedagogique Relatif aux Droits de la Personne.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Human Rights Commission, Winnipeg.

    This document is an inventory designed to help educators more efficiently locate resources for teaching about human rights in the classroom. The types of materials identified in this document include: teaching units and guides, reference books, multi-media kits, filmstrips, tapes, video cassettes, supplementary curricular materials, and other…

  19. Experimental test of a hot water storage system including a macro-encapsulated phase change material (PCM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mongibello, L.; Atrigna, M.; Bianco, N.; Di Somma, M.; Graditi, G.; Risi, N.

    2017-01-01

    Thermal energy storage systems (TESs) are of fundamental importance for many energetic systems, essentially because they permit a certain degree of decoupling between the heat or cold production and the use of the heat or cold produced. In the last years, many works have analysed the addition of a PCM inside a hot water storage tank, as it can allow a reduction of the size of the storage tank due to the possibility of storing thermal energy as latent heat, and as a consequence its cost and encumbrance. The present work focuses on experimental tests realized by means of an indoor facility in order to analyse the dynamic behaviour of a hot water storage tank including PCM modules during a charging phase. A commercial bio-based PCM has been used for the purpose, with a melting temperature of 58°C. The experimental results relative to the hot water tank including the PCM modules are presented in terms of temporal evolution of the axial temperature profile, heat transfer and stored energy, and are compared with the ones obtained by using only water as energy storage material. Interesting insights, relative to the estimation of the percentage of melted PCM at the end of the experimental test, are presented and discussed.

  20. A Process for Curricular Improvement Based on Evaluation of Student Performance on Milestone Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hylton, Ann C.; Justice, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To identify and address areas for curricular improvement by evaluating student achievement of expected learning outcomes and competencies on annual milestone examinations. Design. Students were tested each professional year with a comprehensive milestone examination designed to evaluate student achievement of learning outcomes and professional competencies using a combination of multiple-choice questions, standardized patient assessments (SPAs), and objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) questions. Assessment. Based on student performance on milestone examinations, curricular changes were instituted, including an increased emphasis on graded comprehensive cases, OSCE skills days, and use of patient simulation in lecture and laboratory courses. After making these changes, significant improvements were observed in second and third-year pharmacy students’ grades for the therapeutic case and physician interaction/errors and omissions components of the milestone examinations. Conclusion. Results from milestone examinations can be used to identify specific areas in which curricular improvements are needed to foster student achievement of learning outcomes and professional competencies. PMID:28090108

  1. CONFERENCE SUMMARY: Summary and comment on superconducting analogue electronics research, including materials and fabrication, as presented at ISEC 07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, C. P.

    2007-11-01

    The main theme at ISEC 2007 for superconducting materials, fabrication and analogue electronics was the description of incremental developments, including a few new directions that indicate breakthroughs in this area of research. The work on applications focused on their cost-benefit analysis (in order to improve their appeal), the development of simpler systems, making more of the data collected, improving packaging and being responsive to the power handling requirements for commercial systems. All papers presenting this level of research highlighted the importance of obtaining all the necessary details in order to investigate analogue devices and the effectiveness and commercial viability of their systems. This stage of development is important if we are to achieve the transition of superconducting electronics from the laboratory to commercial use. There were some exciting disruptive breakthroughs reported. These were in the areas of nano-SQUIDs, rotating gradiometers, superconducting scanning tunnelling microscopy (Hayashi et al) and the potential of superconducting photonics using optical interfaces with superconducting vortex flow transistors, for example. The materials research in low (LTS), high (HTS) and medium (MTS) critical temperature superconductors was reported. In LTS, nitrides emerged as important materials for use as new tunnel barriers, either insulating or semiconducting. Papers on BaN, NbN, TaN, GaN and Nb-Si superconducting materials were also presented. The MTS material of MgB2 is still under development (Zhao et al). There were also new research groups from South Africa and Turkey attending the conference. The fabrication research presented covered the areas of critical current Ic spread, which is still an issue in reducing the reproducibility of Josephson junctions, a 150 mm process for Nb/Al-AlOx/Nb and methods to improve barrier layers using both new materials and smooth surfaces at thin film interfaces (Du et al). New methods to make sub

  2. CURRICULAR OFFER INFLUENCING STUDENTS’ SATISFACTION: COMPARATIVE STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Oana DUMITRASCU; Constantin Manuel HILA

    2014-01-01

    The main objective of the study is the determination of students’ satisfaction regarding curricular activities. The study has been accomplished using the qualitative and quantitative research, using the bibliographic study, various secondary sources and different primary sources. The study is developed with a marketing research and accomplished using the survey method. 699 students from four universities have been questioned. Due to a comparative study the University of Applied Sciences Worms...

  3. CURRICULAR OFFER INFLUENCING STUDENTS’ SATISFACTION: COMPARATIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana DUMITRASCU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the study is the determination of students’ satisfaction regarding curricular activities. The study has been accomplished using the qualitative and quantitative research, using the bibliographic study, various secondary sources and different primary sources. The study is developed with a marketing research and accomplished using the survey method. 699 students from four universities have been questioned. Due to a comparative study the University of Applied Sciences Worms, University of Applied Sciences Wiesbaden Rüsselsheim, University of Applied Sciences Frankfurt am Main and Nürtingen-Geislingen University have been analysed and their similarities and differences have been identified. The collected data, based on the established sample, is evaluated through univariate and bivariate analysis. In accordance with the evaluated sample, specific gaps from each region are identified regarding the curricular offer of the analysed universities. As a result to the conducted study, recommendations for the University of Applied Sciences Worms regarding the student’s satisfaction concerning the curricular offer are presented.

  4. CURRICULAR OFFER INFLUENCING STUDENTS’ SATISFACTION: COMPARATIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana DUMITRASCU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the study is the determination of students’ satisfaction regarding curricular activities. The study has been accomplished using the qualitative and quantitative research, using the bibliographic study, various secondary sources and different primary sources. The study is developed with a marketing research and accomplished using the survey method. 699 students from four universities have been questioned. Due to a comparative study the University of Applied Sciences Worms, University of Applied Sciences Wiesbaden Rüsselsheim, University of Applied Sciences Frankfurt am Main and Nürtingen-Geislingen University have been analysed and their similarities and differences have been identified. The collected data, based on the established sample, is evaluated through univariate and bivariate analysis. In accordance with the evaluated sample, specific gaps from each region are identified regarding the curricular offer of the analysed universities. As a result to the conducted study, recommendations for the University of Applied Sciences Worms regarding the student’s satisfaction concerning the curricular offer are presented.

  5. Coherencia curricular y oportunidades para aprender Ciencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Ruiz Zúñiga

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Se determinó la coherencia curricular entre oportunidades de aprendizaje y habilidades científicas ofrecidas por un texto escolar chileno y por las actividades de aula en 5º grado asociadas al contenido "Fuerza". Se realizó un análisis discursivo de la unidad didáctica del texto y de las actividades con el fin de construir matrices de contenido para tópicos y habilidades; la medición de coherencia curricular se realizó a través del índice de Porter para la coherencia. Los resultados muestran que el texto escolar promueve más observación (24.2% y menos ordenamiento de la información (0.95%. En las clases, predominó repetición de contenidos de manera oral y escrita (66.8% y menos análisis de hipótesis (1.6%. El índice de Porter entre el texto y el aula fue 0.360, entre el texto y el marco curricular fue 0.267. Se concluye que el texto y las clases ofrecen leves oportunidades para el desarrollo de las habilidades científicas.

  6. Política curricular no Estado de São Paulo nos anos 1980 e 1990 Curricular policy in the State of São Paulo in the eighties and nineties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Fátima de Souza

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Este texto apresenta um estudo sobre a política curricular implementada no Estado de São Paulo nas décadas de 1980 e 1990 para as primeiras séries do ensino fundamental. Examina o currículo prescrito cotejando-o com os contextos práticos de desenvolvimento do currículo. A pesquisa revela que a política curricular desse período articulou-se fortemente com a produção acadêmica em educação. Ressalta ainda a continuidade na política de produção de materiais de orientação curricular nos últimos 20 anos, buscando difundir e tornar hegemônico um pensamento pedagógico inovador. Também verifica que esses materiais circularam de diferentes formas na rede de ensino e foram apropriados de maneira seletiva pelos professores que adotaram, sobretudo, as indicações práticas.Study on the curricular policy for the first grades of elementary school implemented in the State of São Paulo in the eighties and nineties. It examines the prescribed curriculum by comparing it to the practical contexts of curricular development. The research reveals that the curricular policy of that period was very much connected with academic production on education. It further emphasizes continuity in the policy of producting curricular orientation materials in the last 20 years, in order to advertise and make hegemonic an innovative pedagogical thought. It was also verified that these materials circulated in many different ways within the education system and were selectively appropriated by the teachers who particularly adopted the practical indications.

  7. 10 CFR 170.31 - Schedule of fees for materials licenses and other regulatory services, including inspections, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... material in recovery operations such as milling, in-situ recovery, heap-leaching, ore buying stations, ion exchange facilities and in processing of ores containing source material for extraction of metals other...-related Greater than Class C (GTCC) waste at an independent spent fuel storage installation (ISFSI)...

  8. Teacher-Made Tactile Science Materials with Critical and Creative Thinking Activities for Learners Including Those with Visual Impairments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teske, Jolene K.; Gray, Phyllis; Kuhn, Mason A.; Clausen, Courtney K.; Smith, Latisha L.; Alsubia, Sukainah A.; Ghayoorad, Maryam; Rule, Audrey C.; Schneider, Jean Suchsland

    2014-01-01

    Gifted students with visual impairments are twice exceptional learners and may not evidence their advanced science aptitudes without appropriate accommodations for learning science. However, effective tactile science teaching materials may be easily made. Recent research has shown that when tactile materials are used with "all" students…

  9. Teaching Writing as a Professional Practice Skill: A Curricular Case Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grise-Owens, Erlene; Crum, Kimberly

    2012-01-01

    This article describes one MSW program's innovative and informed response to the pervasive problem of inadequate professional writing skills. We articulate the rationale, implementation, and assessment of our systemic response, which includes (a) requiring a professional writing course, (b) implementing curricular infusion of a standard writing…

  10. Negotiating Curricular Transitions: Foreign Language Teachers' Learning Experience with Content-Based Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cammarata, Laurent

    2009-01-01

    Content-based instruction (CBI) has been touted as an effective curricular approach in a wide range of educational contexts, including immersion and English as a second language. Yet this approach to curriculum design is rarely implemented in conventional K-16 foreign language (FL) programs in the United States today. The phenomenological study…

  11. The Play Curricular Activity Reflection Discussion Model for Game-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Aroutis; Shah, Mamta

    2015-01-01

    This article elucidates the process of game-based learning in classrooms through the use of the Play Curricular activity Reflection Discussion (PCaRD) model. A mixed-methods study was conducted at a high school to implement three games with the PCaRD model in a year-long elective course. Data sources included interviews and observations for…

  12. Survey of Pharmacy Schools' Approaches and Attitudes toward Curricular Integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poirier, Therese I; Fan, Jingyang; Nieto, Marcelo J

    2016-08-25

    Objective. To identify ways in which curricular integration is addressed in US pharmacy schools, the structure of therapeutics and foundational science courses, and perceptions of the effects current curricular integration methods have on student learning. Methods. An electronic survey was sent to academic leaders representing 131 pharmacy schools in the United States. Frequency data was tabulated and demographic analysis was performed. Results. Respondent data represents 94 schools of pharmacy. Arranging similar content from various disciplines in a course, a skills laboratory and pharmacy practice experiences were the most common methods for achieving curricular integration. More than one half of the schools indicated that foundational sciences were integrated with therapeutics. The most common reported challenge to curricular integration was logistics. Conclusion. Pharmacy education in the United States has evolved in addressing curricular integration in the curricula, which is consistent with changes in accreditation standards. Most pharmacy schools reported a variety of methods for achieving the intent of curricular integration.

  13. Uma Análise Sobre a Imagem da Dimensão Estrutural da Prática Pedagógica em Materiais Curriculares Educativos/An Analysis about the Image of Structural Dimension of the Pedagogical Practice in Educational Curriculum Materials

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Airam da Silva Prado; Andréia Maria Pereira de Oliveira; Jonei Cerqueira Barbosa

    2016-01-01

    ... entre os discursos e entre os espaços utilizados pelos sujeitos. Assim, a dimensão estrutural da prática pedagógica foi constituída nos materiais curriculares educativos sobre modelagem matemática por imagens flexibilizadoras. Palavras-chave: Dimensão Estrutural. Materiais Curriculares Educativos. Prática Pedagógica. Abstract In this paper, we ...

  14. Curricular Derivatives in Undergraduate Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, L. K.

    2002-12-01

    With faculty positions becoming increasingly competitive, the smaller or specialized universities and colleges have become more attractive to the new Ph.D. graduate and post-doc interested in a career in teaching and research. However, the limitations of smaller research resources, and a more limited curricula, and higher teaching loads can make the smaller school less attractive and the position challenging. Nevertheless, smaller institutions can offer greater flexibility in educational innovation, including unique curricula, than larger schools with inherently greater administrative mass. Even without astronomy degree programs or without substantial research facilities, the smaller, private or specialized school environment can provide opportunities to develop courses tailored to the strengths of the school, and to student interests, and more importantly, to the energetic efforts of junior faculty. The author's advocacy for and development of new curricula at a small institution are presented, along with several descriptive examples. Unique aspects of these courses are also characterized in their suitability for research projects, educational outreach and other applications.

  15. Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory actions of various functional food materials including glucosamine on synovial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamagishi, Yoshie; Someya, Akimasa; Imai, Kensuke; Nagao, Junji; Nagaoka, Isao

    2017-08-01

    The anti-inflammatory actions of glucosamine (GlcN) on arthritic disorders involve the suppression of inflammatory mediator production from synovial cells. GlcN has also been reported to inhibit the activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. The present study aimed to determine the cooperative and anti‑inflammatory actions of functional food materials and evaluated the production of interleukin (IL)‑8 and phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in IL-1β-activated synovial cells, incubated with the combination of GlcN and various functional food materials containing L‑methionine (Met), undenatured type II collagen (UC‑II), chondroitin sulfate (CS), methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) and agaro-oligosaccharide (AO). The results indicated that Met, UC‑II, CS, MSM and AO slightly or moderately suppressed the IL-1β-stimulated IL‑8 production by human synovial MH7A cells. The same compounds further decreased the IL‑8 level lowered by GlcN. Similarly, they slightly suppressed the phosphorylation level of p38 MAPK and further reduced the phosphorylation level lowered by GlcN. These observations suggest a possibility that these functional food materials exert an anti‑inflammatory action (inhibition of IL‑8 production) in combination with GlcN by cooperatively suppressing the p38 MAPK signaling (phosphorylation).

  16. Topic Order in Introductory Physics and its Impact on the STEM Curricular Ladder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa L Larkin

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Introductory physics courses are an important rung on the curricular ladder in STEM. These courses help to strengthen students critical thinking and problem solving skills while simultaneously introducing them to many topics they will explore in more detail in later courses in physics and engineering. For these reasons, introductory physics is a required element on the curricular ladder. Most often, introductory physics is offered as a two-semester sequence with basic mechanics being taught in the first semester and electricity and magnetism in the second. In fact, this curricular sequence has not been altered in decades. Is there a reason for this? There are many other enduring questions that arise pertaining to these foundation courses in physics. These questions include: Does taking the introductory course sequence “out of order” have an impact on student learning in physics? What topics should be taught? When should these topics be taught? What topics could be left out? The list of questions is essentially endless. This paper will address some of these questions in part, through a brief discussion on student learning in a second-semester algebra-based physics course. Connections will also be made to the broader curricular ladder in STEM. To this end, an illustration that makes connections to an engineering statics course will be presented. This discussion will conclude by presenting some broader implications for the larger STEM communities.

  17. Coupling Admissions and Curricular Data to Predict Medical Student Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sesate, Diana B.; Milem, Jeffrey F.; McIntosh, Kadian L.; Bryan, W. Patrick

    2017-01-01

    The relative impact of admissions factors and curricular measures on the first medical licensing exam (United States Medical Licensing Exam [USMLE] Step 1) scores is examined. The inclusion of first-year and second-year curricular measures nearly doubled the variance explained in Step 1 scores from the amount explained by the combination of…

  18. Curricular Deliberation about "Hamlet": An Exercise in the Practical.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Judith Susan

    This study attempts to clarify and exploit Joseph Schwab's recent and current work on "practical" and "eclectic" curriculums in a simulated deliberation about a concrete curricular question, How might "Hamlet" be taught to one group of high school juniors? By exemplifying curricular deliberation, it aims to clarify…

  19. Curricular Deliberation about "Hamlet": An Exercise in the Practical.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Judith Susan

    This study attempts to clarify and exploit Joseph Schwab's recent and current work on "practical" and "eclectic" curriculums in a simulated deliberation about a concrete curricular question, How might "Hamlet" be taught to one group of high school juniors? By exemplifying curricular deliberation, it aims to clarify…

  20. Curricular Critique of an Environmental Education Policy: Implications for Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karrow, Douglas D.; Fazio, Xavier

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides a curricular critique of an environmental education policy framework called "Acting Today, Shaping Tomorrow" (Ontario Ministry of Education, 2009). Answers to the following two curricular questions: "What should be taught?" and "How it should be taught?" frame the critique. Scrutiny of the latter…

  1. Innovative techniques for the production of energetic radicals for lunar materials processing including photogeneration via concentrated solar energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborn, D. E.; Lynch, D. C.; Fozzolari, R.

    1991-01-01

    A technique for photo generation of radicals is discussed that can be used in the recovery of oxygen and metals from extraterrestrial resources. The concept behind this work was to examine methods whereby radicals can be generated and used in the processing of refractory materials. In that regard, the focus is on the use of sunlight. Sunlight provides useful energy for processing in the forms of both thermal and quantum energy. A number of experiments were conducted in the chlorination of metals with and without the aid of UV and near UV light. The results of some of those experiments are discussed.

  2. Using online program development to foster curricular change and innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwozdek, Anne E; Springfield, Emily C; Peet, Melissa R; Kerschbaum, Wendy E

    2011-03-01

    Distance education offers an opportunity to catalyze sweeping curricular change. Faculty members of the University of Michigan Dental Hygiene Program spent eighteen months researching best practices, planning outcomes and courses, and implementing an e-learning (online) dental hygiene degree completion program. The result is a collaborative and portfolio-integrated program that focuses on the development of reflective practitioners and leaders in the profession. A team-based, systems-oriented model for production, implementation, and evaluation has been critical to the program's success. The models and best practices on which this program was founded are described. Also provided is a framework of strategies for development, including the utilization of backward course design, which can be used in many areas of professional education.

  3. Implementation of nephrology subspecialty curricular milestones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Christina M; Prince, Lisa K; Oliver, James D; Abbott, Kevin C; Nee, Robert

    2015-07-01

    Beginning in the 2014-2015 training year, the US Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) required that nephrology Clinical Competency Committees assess fellows' progress toward 23 subcompetency "context nonspecific" internal medicine subspecialty milestones. Fellows' advancement toward the "ready for unsupervised practice" target milestone now is tracked in each of the 6 competencies: Patient Care, Medical Knowledge, Professionalism, Interpersonal Communication Skills, Practice-Based Learning and Improvement, and Systems-Based Practice. Nephrology program directors and subspecialty societies must define nephrology-specific "curricular milestones," mapped to the nonspecific ACGME milestones. Although the ACGME goal is to produce data that can discriminate between successful and underperforming training programs, the approach is at risk to produce biased, inaccurate, and unhelpful information. We map the ACGME internal medicine subspecialty milestones to our previously published nephrology-specific milestone schema and describe entrustable professional activities and other objective assessment tools that inform milestone decisions. Mapping our schema onto the ACGME subspecialty milestone reporting form allows comparison with the ACGME subspecialty milestones and the curricular milestones developed by the American Society of Nephrology Program Directors. Clinical Competency Committees may easily adapt and directly translate milestone decisions reached using our schema onto the ACGME internal medicine subspecialty competency milestone-reporting format.

  4. End of FY2014 Report - Filter Measurement System for Nuclear Material Storage Canisters (Including Altitude Correction for Filter Pressure Drop)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Murray E. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Reeves, Kirk Patrick [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-02-24

    Two LANL FTS (Filter Test System ) devices for nuclear material storage canisters are fully operational. One is located in PF-4 ( i.e. the TA-55 FTS) while the other is located at the Radiation Protection Division’s Aerosol Engineering Facility ( i.e. the TA-3 FTS). The systems are functionally equivalent , with the TA-3 FTS being the test-bed for new additions and for resolving any issues found in the TA-55 FTS. There is currently one unresolved issue regarding the TA-55 FTS device. The canister lid clamp does not give a leak tight seal when testing the 1 QT (quart) or 2 QT SAVY lids. An adapter plate is being developed that will ensure a correct test configuration when the 1 or 2 QT SAVY lid s are being tested .

  5. Engineering Analysis of Intermediate Loop and Process Heat Exchanger Requirements to Include Configuration Analysis and Materials Needs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    T.M. Lillo; R.L. Williamson; T.R. Reed; C.B. Davis; D.M. Ginosar

    2005-09-01

    The need to locate advanced hydrogen production facilities a finite distance away from a nuclear power source necessitates the need for an intermediate heat transport loop (IHTL). This IHTL must not only efficiently transport energy over distances up to 500 meters but must also be capable of operating at high temperatures (>850oC) for many years. High temperature, long term operation raises concerns of material strength, creep resistance and general material stability (corrosion resistance). IHTL design is currently in the initial stages. Many questions remain to be answered before intelligent design can begin. The report begins to look at some of the issues surrounding the main components of an IHTL. Specifically, a stress analysis of a compact heat exchanger design under expected operating conditions is reported. Also the results of a thermal analysis performed on two ITHL pipe configurations for different heat transport fluids are presented. The configurations consist of separate hot supply and cold return legs as well as annular design in which the hot fluid is carried in an inner pipe and the cold return fluids travels in the opposite direction in the annular space around the hot pipe. The effects of insulation configurations on pipe configuration performance are also reported. Finally, a simple analysis of two different process heat exchanger designs, one a tube in shell type and the other a compact or microchannel reactor are evaluated in light of catalyst requirements. Important insights into the critical areas of research and development are gained from these analyses, guiding the direction of future areas of research.

  6. DEVELOPMENT OF PLASTICITY MODEL USING NON ASSOCIATED FLOW RULE FOR HCP MATERIALS INCLUDING ZIRCONIUM FOR NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael V. Glazoff; Jeong-Whan Yoon

    2013-08-01

    In this report (prepared in collaboration with Prof. Jeong Whan Yoon, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia) a research effort was made to develop a non associated flow rule for zirconium. Since Zr is a hexagonally close packed (hcp) material, it is impossible to describe its plastic response under arbitrary loading conditions with any associated flow rule (e.g. von Mises). As a result of strong tension compression asymmetry of the yield stress and anisotropy, zirconium displays plastic behavior that requires a more sophisticated approach. Consequently, a new general asymmetric yield function has been developed which accommodates mathematically the four directional anisotropies along 0 degrees, 45 degrees, 90 degrees, and biaxial, under tension and compression. Stress anisotropy has been completely decoupled from the r value by using non associated flow plasticity, where yield function and plastic potential have been treated separately to take care of stress and r value directionalities, respectively. This theoretical development has been verified using Zr alloys at room temperature as an example as these materials have very strong SD (Strength Differential) effect. The proposed yield function reasonably well models the evolution of yield surfaces for a zirconium clock rolled plate during in plane and through thickness compression. It has been found that this function can predict both tension and compression asymmetry mathematically without any numerical tolerance and shows the significant improvement compared to any reported functions. Finally, in the end of the report, a program of further research is outlined aimed at constructing tensorial relationships for the temperature and fluence dependent creep surfaces for Zr, Zircaloy 2, and Zircaloy 4.

  7. Curricular reform may improve students' performance on externally administered comprehensive examinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damjanov, Ivan; Fenderson, Bruce A; Hojat, Mohammadreza; Rubin, Emanuel

    2005-06-01

    To determine whether changes in the format of teaching pathology and the introduction of active learning principles can improve medical students' performance on external examinations and enhance clinical skills. The sophomore Pathology Course at Jefferson Medical College (JMC) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, was completely restructured in 1986, with greater emphasis placed on independent study, small group teaching, and case study discussion. We used the scores of JMC medical students on the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Part I Examination to compare the performance of JMC students who completed their medical education before curricular change (entering classes 1982-1984) with the performance of subsequent generations of students who were taught according to the reformed curriculum (entering classes 1985-1988). The two groups of students were comparable in terms of standard social and psychometric parameters, such as mean age at matriculation, female/male ratio, ratio of minority students in the class, premedical college grade point averages, and mean scores on the preadmission Medical College Admissions Test. JMC students who studied pathology prior to the curricular reform received on the pathology subsection of the NBME Part I Examination reform scores that were close to the national average. In contrast, mean scores for students who studied pathology after curricular changes were significantly higher than the national average (P<0.001). Based on their pathology subscores, the number of JMC students scoring below the cutoff line for passing (380 points) decreased significantly after the curricular reform, whereas the number of high-scoring students whose scores ranked them in the 90th percentile nationally increased. Curricular reform was also associated with an increase in overall student satisfaction. Curricular changes that include an emphasis on active learning can improve the performance of medical students on externally administered

  8. Learning to Critique and Adapt Science Curriculum Materials: Examining the Development of Preservice Elementary Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyer, Carrie J.; Davis, Elizabeth A.

    2012-01-01

    Teachers often engage in curricular planning by critiquing and adapting existing curriculum materials to contextualize lessons and compensate for their deficiencies. Designing instruction for students is shaped by teachers' ability to apply a variety of personal resources, including their pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). This study…

  9. An experimentally verified model for thermal microactuators including nonlinear material properties, vacuum, and intra-device heat conduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colbert, Keegan; Naraghi, Mohammad; Boyd, James G.

    2017-02-01

    This paper presents a model and computational method to predict the steady-state performance of thermal flexure microactuators at high input powers and various levels of partial vacuum. The model accounts for nonlinear temperature dependence of material properties, heat loss due to radiation, and intra-device heat transfer by conduction across an air gap. The model is validated by comparing the model predictions with the experimentally measured voltage, current, and displacement at standard conditions, prior to adjusting for partial vacuum. In order to understand the effect of nonlinearities on model reliability, the predictions of six additional hypothetical models are considered where (1) intra-device heat transfer is neglected, (2) radiation is neglected, (3) the thermal conductivity of silicon is assumed to be temperature-independent, (4) the thermal conductivity of air is assumed to be temperature-independent, (5) the electrical resistivity of silicon is assumed to be linear in temperature, and (6) the thermal expansion coefficient of silicon is assumed to be temperature-independent. All factors except radiation were shown to have a significant influence on the device performance especially at high input powers. The experimentally validated full model is then employed to predict the effect of reduced air pressure on the displacement and heat transfer properties of the actuator. This aspect of the study targets applications of thermal actuators in controlled environments such as space applications, actuators used for in situ micropositioning and tensile testing inside electron microscopy chambers, or actuators incorporated into the design of MEMS resonators. It was demonstrated that the maximum actuator displacement is not a linear function of reduced pressure and that it reaches a maximum at a certain partial vacuum level.

  10. Diretrizes curriculares para o curso de pedagogia

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira. Suzane da Rocha

    2007-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências da Educação. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação. Este trabalho discute as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais para o Curso de Pedagogia # Resolução CNE/CP n. 1/06 (BRASIL, 2006b) # expedidas em 15 de maio de 2006. O estudo se articula às pesquisas dedicadas à reforma da formação inicial de professores da Educação Básica, implementada durante os anos de 1990, em especial após a Lei n. 9394/96 (BRASIL, 1996...

  11. Environmental Impact Assessment of a School Building in Iceland Using LCA-Including the Effect of Long Distance Transport of Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Nargessadat Emami; Björn Marteinsson; Jukka Heinonen

    2016-01-01

    Buildings are the key components of urban areas and society as a complex system. A life cycle assessment was applied to estimate the environmental impacts of the resources applied in the building envelope, floor slabs, and interior walls of the Vættaskóli-Engi building in Reykjavik, Iceland. The scope of this study included four modules of extraction and transportation of raw material to the manufacturing site, production of the construction materials, and transport to the building site, as d...

  12. Curricular Transformation of Education in the Field of Physical and Sport Education in Slovakia

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Bendíková

    2016-01-01

    The study presents basic information on the curricular transformation of physical and sport education in Slovakia after the year 1989, which is related to the education process in the 21st century. What is more, it points to the basis for modern transformation in relation to sports as well as to insufficient undergraduate teacher training and its consequences for the performance of newly qualified teachers. These findings are partially included in the grant VEGA no. 1/0376/14 Physical Activit...

  13. El diseño curricular, una responsabilidad compartida

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Sarmiento; María Clara Tovar

    2011-01-01

    Introducción: El diseño o rediseño curricular de un programa académico incluye las fases de fundamentación, definiciónde ejes problemáticos y estructuración. El estudio pretende fomentar la reflexión sobre la práctica y la investigación en elcampo curricular y fortalecer las políticas institucionales relacionadas con el diseño curricular de los programas académicos,en procura de mejorar la pertinencia y la calidad del currículo.Objetivo: Describir las prácticas del diseño curricular en los pr...

  14. El potencial curricular de los libros de texto para generar experiencias de aprendizaje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar Rodríguez Hidalgo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo versa sobre el potencial curricular que tienen los libros de texto para fa- vorecer el aprendizaje del alumnado. Valorar los libros de texto constituye una estrategia importante, en virtud del aporte que los mismos pueden dar para la conversión del currículo prescrito en currículo real. En la selección de los libros de texto que van a ser utilizados durante un curso lectivo, deben privar ra- zones académicas, por lo cual es necesario ponderar cualidades como sus criterios de calidad, los factores innovadores y la mediación que propician entre el plan de estudios y el desempeño docente en la clase. Como material curricular, los libros de texto representan una organización específica de los procesos de enseñanza, a partir de una planificación que sustenta su uso y le concede un sentido trascendente dentro del ámbito educativo. La temática se aborda desde la teoría curricular en virtud de que el currículo con- stituye el puente entre lo teórico y lo práctico, enlace que se hace manifiesto ante la utilización del libro de texto.

  15. Guide for Operational Configuration Management Program including the adjunct programs of design reconstitution and material condition and aging management. Part 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-11-01

    This standard presents program criteria and implementation guidance for an operational configuration management program for DOE nuclear and non-nuclear facilities. This Part 2 includes chapters on implementation guidance for operational configuration management, implementation guidance for design reconstitution, and implementation guidance for material condition and aging management. Appendices are included on design control, examples of design information, conduct of walkdowns, and content of design information summaries.

  16. ¿ESTAMOS HACIENDO EVALUACIÓN CURRICULAR?

    OpenAIRE

    MESÍA MARAVÍ, RUBÉN

    2014-01-01

    Se trata de puntualizar lo que realmente significa el proceso de evaluación curricular como actividad integral que compromete a toda la institución que trata de llevarla a cabo. Se intenta distinguir el proceso evaluativo de las actividades parciales o sesgadas con las que a veces se confunde la evaluación curricular desde una perspectiva meramente tecnicista o efectivista.

  17. The relationship of burnout, use of coping strategies and curricular program of registered nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceslowitz, S B

    1990-03-01

    This study examined the relationships of nursing curricular program, burnout, and use of coping strategies among 150 randomly selected staff nurses from four hospitals. The instruments used were the frequency dimension of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1981) and the Ways of Coping (Revised) (Folkman & Lazarus, 1985). Discriminant analysis demonstrated that (a) diploma graduates differed from associate-degree graduates in their greater experience of Emotional Exhaustion (p less than .05) and (b) baccalaureate-degree graduates differed from associate-degree graduates in their greater use of Planful Problem Solving and Confronting Coping (p less than .05). Recommendations include additional research to discover relevant factors for the greater experience of Emotional Exhaustion among diploma graduates. If related to perceptions of limited career mobility due to the lack of a baccalaureate degree, expansion of educational opportunities is indicated. Another recommendation is curricular incorporation of content on burnout and coping.

  18. One Health in food safety and security education: A curricular framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelos, J; Arens, A; Johnson, H; Cadriel, J; Osburn, B

    2016-02-01

    The challenges of producing and distributing the food necessary to feed an anticipated 9 billion people in developed and developing societies by 2050 without destroying Earth's finite soil and water resources present extremely complex problems that lack simple solutions. The ability of modern societies to adequately address these and other food-related problems will require an educated workforce trained not only in traditional food safety, security, and public health, but also in other areas including food production, sustainable practices, and ecosystem health. To help address the need for such an educated workforce, a curricular framework was developed to assist those tasked with designing education and training for future food systems workers. One sentence summary: A curricular framework for education and training in food safety and security was developed that incorporates One Health concepts.

  19. Writing an Electronic Astronomy Book with Interactive Curricular Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Kristen L.; Belloni, Mario; Christian, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    With the rise of tablets, the past few years have seen an increase in the demand for quality electronic textbooks. Unfortunately, most of the current offerings do not exploit the accessibility and interactivity that electronic books can deliver. In this poster, we discuss how we are merging our curriculum development projects (Physlets, Easy Java/JavaScript Simulations, and Open Source Physics) with the EPUB electronic book format to develop an interactive textbook for use in a one-semester introductory astronomy course. The book, Astronomy: An Interactive Introduction, combines the narrative, equations, and images of a traditional astronomy text with new JavaScript simulations.

  20. 40 CFR 5.455 - Textbooks and curricular material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Education Programs or Activities Prohibited § 5.455 Textbooks...

  1. Preparation and certification of the Polish reference material Virginia Tobacco Leaves (CTA-VTL-2) for inorganic trace analysis including microanalysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dybczynski, R.; Polkowska-Motrenko, H.; Samczynski, Z.; Szopa, Z.

    1997-12-31

    A new Polish certified reference material Virginia Tobacco Leaves (CTA-VTL-2) for inorganic trace analysis including microanalysis has been prepared. Certification of the candidate reference material was based on the world-wide interlaboratory comparison in which 60 laboratories from 18 countries, participated using various analytical methods and techniques. Data evaluation performed by means of the new multifunctional software package -SSQC. Recommended values were assigned for 33 and `information` values for 10 elements, respectively. The validity of `certified` values was confirmed for several elements using `very accurate` methods developed in this Laboratory. (author). 47 refs, 28 figs, 12 tabs.

  2. Oatmeal Facials and Sock Wrestling: The Perils and Promises of Extra-Curricular Strategies for "Fixing" Boys' Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver-Hightower, Marcus B.

    2010-01-01

    Advocates for boys' education have forwarded numerous "fixes" for boys' supposed educational woes, including both academic and non-academic programs and strategies. This article focuses on the lesser-discussed non-academic, extra-curricular means suggested, specifically outdoor education. Using qualitative analysis of an Australian school's…

  3. Chemistry curricular knowledge of secondary school teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomašević Biljana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available the course of this research, we explored the extent of chemistry teachers’ professional knowledge related to the structure, contents and application of chemistry curricula and their components. The research comprised 119 teachers from 69 secondary schools (25 grammar schools and 44 vocational secondary schools. The questions in the questionnaire referred to general curriculum knowledge, knowledge of chemistry curriculum and the views/assessments of teachers concerning the necessary changes in the curricula currently in effect. The teachers’ answers show that the most important components of the curriculum for their work are the goals and operative tasks/outcomes. The results indicate that there exists information in the curriculum components that remains unused although it is relevant for a certain level of planning. Among the teachers in the sample, higher percentages of those with appropriate teachers training programme were applying information from the curriculum within teaching process through demonstration method and problem solving. The research that was conducted provides a basis for defining the indicators for monitoring the level of teachers’ capability to apply curricular knowledge in their practice. Such indicators are important for creating teaching situations and teachers’ activities within the framework of initial teacher education and continuing professional development. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179048: Scientific Theory and Practice in Society: Multidisciplinary, Educational and Inter-generational Perspectives

  4. Prevention of undesired student behaviours in current school practice: Legal and curricular framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šaljić Zorica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The school, as the institution whose basic activity is education, has an important role in preventing the emergence of undesired and stimulating desired forms of behaviour of the students. In the realization of this role it relies on legal and curricular documents which define the direction of the preventing acting of school. Starting from this, the article describes and analyses laws and other legal documents in the field of education which cover in more detail the issues of violence prevention, as well as curricular documents which are developed on the school level. The obtained results show that legal provisions should define the issues of the prevention of undesirable behaviours of students more clearly. The analysis of the curricular documents showed that the planned preventive measures and activities are not sufficiently accorded with the needs of different categories of students, as well as the fact that important participants in the educational process are not sufficiently included in the process of planning and realization of the preventive activities of the school.

  5. Vozes e temas que perpassam o discurso curricular do curso de Letras = Voices and themes which cross the curricular discourse of Letras course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Merlin Deganutti de Barros

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo objetiva analisar e discutir o Projeto Político Pedagógico do currículo do curso de Letras da UEL – licenciatura em Língua Portuguesa e respectivas literaturas – implantado em 2006. As discussões levantadas giram em torno das temáticas que atravessam a discursividade do texto curricular, de como essas se configuram comovozes de discursos oficiais da educação e de como são abordadas pela textualidade do documento. Os temas detectados e discutidos à luz de teorias acerca de currículos são: desarticulação entre estudos linguísticos e literários; estudos linguísticos desvinculados douso da língua; articulação entre formação teórica e prática pedagógica; ensino reflexivo voltado para práticas investigativas; o papel da língua na sociedade; ética profissional; domínio dos novos recursos técnico-pedagógicos; e práticas democráticas da educação.Entre outras questões, a análise aponta como é recorrente o interdiscurso entre o texto curricular e os vários discursos oficiais da educação, esses materializados em documentos curriculares, diretrizes e parâmetros. This article aims to analyze and discuss the political-pedagogical project of the curriculum of Letras Course / UEL - degree in Portuguese language and its literature - implemented in 2006. The discussions concern the themes that cross the curricular textdiscursivity, how they are constituted as voices of the official education discourse and how they are dealt by the textuality of the document. The themes identified and discussed according to theories about curriculum are: disconnection between linguistic and literarystudies; language studies detached from the use of language; articulation between theoretical formation and teaching practice; reflective teaching towards investigative practices; the role of language in society; professional ethics; command of new technicaland pedagogical resources; democratic practices in education. Among other

  6. Development of a Curricular Framework for Pediatric Hospital Medicine Fellowships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerardi, Karen E; Fisher, Erin; Rassbach, Caroline; Maniscalco, Jennifer; Blankenburg, Rebecca; Chase, Lindsay; Shah, Neha

    2017-07-01

    Pediatric Hospital Medicine (PHM) is an emerging field in pediatrics and one that has experienced immense growth and maturation in a short period of time. Evolution and rapid expansion of the field invigorated the goal of standardizing PHM fellowship curricula, which naturally aligned with the field's evolving pursuit of a defined identity and consideration of certification options. The national group of PHM fellowship program directors sought to establish curricular standards that would more accurately reflect the competencies needed to practice pediatric hospital medicine and meet future board certification needs. In this manuscript, we describe the method by which we reached consensus on a 2-year curricular framework for PHM fellowship programs, detail the current model for this framework, and provide examples of how this curricular framework may be applied to meet the needs of a variety of fellows and fellowship programs. The 2-year PHM fellowship curricular framework was developed over a number of years through an iterative process and with the input of PHM fellowship program directors (PDs), PHM fellowship graduates, PHM leaders, pediatric hospitalists practicing in a variety of clinical settings, and other educators outside the field. We have developed a curricular framework for PHM Fellowships that consists of 8 education units (defined as 4 weeks each) in 3 areas: clinical care, systems and scholarship, and individualized curriculum. Copyright © 2017 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  7. O projecto curricular de turma : da teoria à praxis

    OpenAIRE

    Simões, Helena Isabel Pereira Lucas

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Supervisão Pedagógica apresentada à Universidade Aberta A reflexão desenvolvida ao longo deste trabalho situa-se no âmbito da Reorganização Curricular do Ensino Básico e tem como cerne o desenvolvimento curricular e os processos de colaboração que são desenvolvidos em educação. O Currículo Nacional, orientado para o desenvolvimento de competências, propõe a construção de Projectos Curriculares visando adequá-los ao contexto de cada escola e de cada...

  8. Dimensiones de la difusión curricular

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Águila, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Los cambios curriculares prescritos al nivel central de la escolaridad, poseen en su implementación, una serie de condicionantes, que en su conjunto, facilitan o anulan su concreción a nivel de unidades educativas y aula. En ello ocupa una función central el proceso de difusión curricular, que tiene como misión comunicar, sensibilizar, comprometer a la comunidad educa-tiva con los propósitos que animan el cambio. Conocer la naturaleza, los niveles posibles de cambio, y el papel de las cultura...

  9. Environmental Impact Assessment of a School Building in Iceland Using LCA-Including the Effect of Long Distance Transport of Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nargessadat Emami

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Buildings are the key components of urban areas and society as a complex system. A life cycle assessment was applied to estimate the environmental impacts of the resources applied in the building envelope, floor slabs, and interior walls of the Vættaskóli-Engi building in Reykjavik, Iceland. The scope of this study included four modules of extraction and transportation of raw material to the manufacturing site, production of the construction materials, and transport to the building site, as described in the standard EN 15804. The total environmental effects of the school building in terms of global warming potential, ozone depletion potential, human toxicity, acidification, and eutrophication were calculated. The total global warming potential impact was equal to 255 kg of CO2 eq/sqm, which was low compared to previous studies and was due to the limited system boundary of the current study. The effect of long-distance overseas transport of materials was noticeable in terms of acidification (25% and eutrophication (31% while it was negligible in other impact groups. The results also concluded that producing the cement in Iceland caused less environmental impact in all five impact categories compared to the case in which the cement was imported from Germany. The major contribution of this work is that the environmental impacts of different plans for domestic production or import of construction materials to Iceland can be precisely assessed in order to identify effective measures to move towards a sustainable built environment in Iceland, and also to provide consistent insights for stakeholders.

  10. Problem Types in Synthetic Organic Chemistry Research: Implications for the Development of Curricular Problems for Second-Year Level Organic Chemistry Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raker, Jeffrey R.; Towns, Marcy H.

    2012-01-01

    Understanding of the nature of science is key to the development of new curricular materials that mirror the practice of science. Three problem types (project level, synthetic planning, and day-to-day) in synthetic organic chemistry emerged during a thematic content analysis of the research experiences of eight practising synthetic organic…

  11. American Association of Dental Schools Curricular Guidelines for Oral Radiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Dental Education, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Oral radiology curricular guidelines developed by the American Association of Dental Schools are provided. The guidelines describe minimal conditions under which a satisfactory educational experience can be offered. Principles of x-radiation, radiobiological concepts, radiological health, radiographic technique, radiographic quality, and darkroom…

  12. Opening the Mind? Geographies of Knowledge and Curricular Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tange, Hanne; Millar, Sharon

    2016-01-01

    Inspired by Bourdieu's ("Homo Academicus, Polity," Cambridge, 1988; "The Logic of Practice, Polity," Cambridge, 1990) ideas of knowledge reproduction, the article presents an empirical mapping of knowledge geographies, as manifest in the curricular practices found within a single international MA programme in Denmark. Following…

  13. Enhancing and Enacting Curricular Progressions in Elementary Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land, Tonia J.; Drake, Corey

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we examined how curricular resources supported three expert teachers in their enactment of progressions. Using a video-stimulated interview process, we documented the multiple types of progressions identified, described, and enacted by the teachers. Results indicate that the teachers used four different types of…

  14. American Association of Dental Schools Curricular Guidelines for Oral Radiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Dental Education, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Oral radiology curricular guidelines developed by the American Association of Dental Schools are provided. The guidelines describe minimal conditions under which a satisfactory educational experience can be offered. Principles of x-radiation, radiobiological concepts, radiological health, radiographic technique, radiographic quality, and darkroom…

  15. Extra-Curricular Activities and Academic Performance in Secondary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moriana, Juan Antonio; Alos, Francisco; Alcala, Rocio; Pino, Maria-Jose; Herruzo, Javier; Ruiz, Rosario

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: In this paper we study the possible influence of extra-curricular activities (study-related and/or sports) on academic performance of first- and second-year pupils in "Educacion Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO)" [N.T. seventh- and eighth-graders]. Method: We randomly selected 12 schools in the city (9 public and 3 private), and…

  16. Extra-Curricular Activities and Academic Performance in Secondary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moriana, Juan Antonio; Alos, Francisco; Alcala, Rocio; Pino, Maria-Jose; Herruzo, Javier; Ruiz, Rosario

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: In this paper we study the possible influence of extra-curricular activities (study-related and/or sports) on academic performance of first- and second-year pupils in "Educacion Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO)" [N.T. seventh- and eighth-graders]. Method: We randomly selected 12 schools in the city (9 public and 3 private), and…

  17. Lessons from industry: one school's transformation toward "lean" curricular governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stratton, Terry D; Rudy, David W; Sauer, Marlene J; Perman, Jay A; Jennings, C Darrell

    2007-04-01

    As medical education grapples with organizational calls for centralized curricular oversight, programs may be compelled to respond by establishing highly vertical, stacked governance structures. Although these models offer discrete advantages over the horizontal, compartmentalized structures they are designed to replace, they pose new challenges to ensuring curricular quality and the educational innovations that drive the curricula. The authors describe a hybrid quality-assurance (QA) governance structure introduced in 2003 at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine (UKCOM) that ensures centralized curricular oversight of the educational product while allowing individualized creative control over the educational process. Based on a Lean production model, this approach draws on industry experiences that strategically separate institutional accountability (management) for a quality curriculum from the decision-making processes required to ensure it (production). In so doing, the authors acknowledge general similarities and key differences between overseeing the manufacture of a complex product versus the education of a physician-emphasizing the structured, sequential, and measurable nature of each process. Further, the authors briefly trace the emergence of quality approaches in manufacturing and discuss the philosophical changes that accompany transition to an institutional governance system that relies on vigorous, robust performance measures to offer continuous feedback on curricular quality.

  18. Factors That Shape Curricular Reasoning about College Algebra Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burn, Helen E.

    2012-01-01

    This multiple case study explores factors that shaped the curricular reasoning of mathematics faculty engaged in college algebra reform in community colleges. Overall, the study found that although proposed reform of college algebra is broad in scope and influenced by the student audience, competing influences emerge that can enable or constrain…

  19. History, Music and Law: Commemorative Cross-Curricularity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodcock, James

    2013-01-01

    James Woodcock continues his theme from "Teaching History 138" about the difference between superficial, thematic cross-curricularity and much more rigorous interdisciplinarity. His concern is to retain rather than compromise the integrity of the subject disciplines. Woodcock argues that interdisciplinary working adds value to learning…

  20. Reflexiones hacia la reformulación curricular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roque González Garzón

    1988-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN En el artículo presenta un marco general  de reflexión sobre la problemática universitaria haciendo énfasis en la necesidad de asumir una nueva concepción curricular, que conduzca  A LA REORIENTACION DEL PROCESO  DE ENSEÑANZA – APRENDIZAJE.

  1. Extra-Curricular Activities and Academic Performance in Secondary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moriana, Juan Antonio; Alos, Francisco; Alcala, Rocio; Pino, Maria-Jose; Herruzo, Javier; Ruiz, Rosario

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: In this paper we study the possible influence of extra-curricular activities (study-related and/or sports) on academic performance of first- and second-year pupils in "Educacion Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO)" [N.T. seventh- and eighth-graders]. Method: We randomly selected 12 schools in the city (9 public and 3 private), and randomly…

  2. Curricular Transformation of Education in the Field of Physical and Sport Education in Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Bendíková

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study presents basic information on the curricular transformation of physical and sport education in Slovakia after the year 1989, which is related to the education process in the 21st century. What is more, it points to the basis for modern transformation in relation to sports as well as to insufficient undergraduate teacher training and its consequences for the performance of newly qualified teachers. These findings are partially included in the grant VEGA no. 1/0376/14 Physical Activity Intervention for the Prevention of Health of the Population of Slovakia.

  3. LA TRANSVERSALIDAD CURRICULAR Y LA ENSEÑANZA DE LA EDUCACIÓN AMBIENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Fuentes

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available In view of the alarming effects that atmosphere contamination has generated in the planet, diverse organisms intended to include the atmosphere like traverse axis in the educational systems. In Venezuela, this proposal was assumed in Primary School Second Stage. The objective of this study was to analyze the principle of curricular transversality in the environmental education teaching. The research was qualitative ethnographic and it was placed at the level of endogenous description. The discoveries allowed to establish the disciplinary character of the environmental education, a traditional model of teaching and a scarce relationship school-community.

  4. POLÍTICAS CURRICULARES NO BRASIL NOS GOVERNOS FHC E LULA: CONTINUIDADE?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariclei Przylepa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo objetiva problematizar as políticas curriculares elaboradas e efetivadas nos governos FHC e Lula, a partir do contexto de reforma de Estado materializada na década de 1990. Nessa direção o estudo inicia abordando a política curricular no contexto da reforma de Estado, evidencia a proposta educacional do governo FHC, discute sua política curricular, via parâmetros curriculares nacionais, e finaliza analisando a política curricular implementada no primeiro ano do governo Lula.

  5. Development of a model of cross-curricular competencies of students at the Technical University of Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Gutiérrez, David; Velázquez, María Isabel; Leo Mena, Teresa de Jesus; Somolinos Sanchez, Jose Andres

    2013-01-01

    It is known that cross-curricular competences are required for main companies all over the world to be part of our university graduates as technical knowledge does. That is the reason which has led the university structure to include these competences in the every degree curriculo validated since the European Higher Education Area (EHEA)was introduced in the Spanish university context. But the way used for incorporating them has been developed without the necessary guidelines to generate a...

  6. Curricular initiatives that enhance student knowledge and perceptions of sexual and gender minority groups: a critical interpretive synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Desrosiers

    2016-10-01

    Conclusions: The literature is limited to the evaluation of explicit curricula. The wider cultural competence literature offers further insight by highlighting the importance of broad and embedded forces including social influences, the institutional climate, and the implicit, or hidden, curriculum. A combined interpretation of the complementary cultural competence and sexual and gender diversity literature provides a novel understanding of the optimal content and context for the delivery of a successful curricular initiative.

  7. Applying a new procedure to assess the controls on aggregate stability - including soil parent material and soil organic carbon concentrations - at the landscape scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Gren; Rawlins, Barry; Wragg, Joanna; Lark, Murray

    2014-05-01

    Aggregate stability is an important physical indicator of soil quality and influences the potential for erosive losses from the landscape, so methods are required to measure it rapidly and cost-effectively. Previously we demonstrated a novel method for quantifying the stability of soil aggregates using a laser granulometer (Rawlins et al., 2012). We have developed our method further to mimic field conditions more closely by incorporating a procedure for pre-wetting aggregates (for 30 minutes on a filter paper) prior to applying the test. The first measurement of particle-size distribution is made on the water stable aggregates after these have been added to circulating water (aggregate size range 1000 to 2000 µm). The second measurement is made on the disaggregated material after the circulating aggregates have been disrupted with ultrasound (sonication). We then compute the difference between the mean weight diameters (MWD) of these two size distributions; we refer to this value as the disaggregation reduction (DR; µm). Soils with more stable aggregates, which are resistant to both slaking and mechanical breakdown by the hydrodynamic forces during circulation, have larger values of DR. We made repeated analyses of DR using an aggregate reference material (RM; a paleosol with well-characterised disaggregation properties) and used this throughout our analyses to demonstrate our approach was reproducible. We applied our modified technique - and also the previous technique in which dry aggregates were used - to a set of 60 topsoil samples (depth 0-15 cm) from cultivated land across a large region (10 000 km2) of eastern England. We wished to investigate: (i) any differences in aggregate stability (DR measurements) using dry or pre-wet aggregates, and (ii) the dominant controls on the stability of aggregates in water using wet aggregates, including variations in mineralogy and soil organic carbon (SOC) content, and any interaction between them. The sixty soil

  8. Fe(II) Spin Transition Materials Including an Amino-Ester 1,2,4-Triazole Derivative, Operating at, below, and above Room Temperature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dîrtu, Marinela M; Naik, Anil D; Rotaru, Aurelian; Spinu, Leonard; Poelman, Dirk; Garcia, Yann

    2016-05-02

    A new family of one-dimensional Fe(II) 1,2,4-triazole spin transition coordination polymers for which a modification of anion and crystallization solvent can tune the switching temperature over a wide range, including the room temperature region, is reported. This series of materials was prepared as powders after reaction of ethyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl-acetate (αEtGlytrz) with an iron salt from a MeOH/H2O medium affording: [Fe(αEtGlytrz)3](ClO4)2 (1); [Fe(αEtGlytrz)3](ClO4)2·CH3OH (2); [Fe(αEtGlytrz)3](NO3)2·H2O (3); [Fe(αEtGlytrz)3](NO3)2 (4); [Fe(αEtGlytrz)3](BF4)2·0.5H2O (5); [Fe(αEtGlytrz)3](BF4)2 (6); and [Fe(αEtGlytrz)3](CF3SO3)2·2H2O (7). Their spin transition properties were investigated by (57)Fe Mossbauer spectroscopy, superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The temperature dependence of the high-spin molar fraction derived from (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy in 1 reveals an abrupt single step transition between low-spin and high-spin states with a hysteresis loop of width 5 K (Tc(↑) = 296 K and Tc(↓) = 291 K). The properties drastically change with modification of anion and/or lattice solvent. The transition temperatures, deduced by SQUID magnetometry, shift to Tc(↑) = 273 K and Tc(↓) = 263 K for (2), Tc(↑) = 353 K and Tc(↓) = 333 K for (3), Tc(↑) = 338 K and Tc(↓) = 278 K for (4), T(↑) = 320 K and T(↓) = 305 K for (5), Tc(↑) = 106 K and Tc(↓) = 92 K for (6), and T(↑) = 325 K and T(↓) = 322 K for (7). Annealing experiments of 3 lead to a change of the morphology, texture, and magnetic properties of the sample. A dehydration/rehydration process associated with a spin state change was analyzed by a mean-field macroscopic master equation using a two-level Hamiltonian Ising-like model for 3. A new structural-property relationship was also identified for this series of materials [Fe(αEtGlytrz)3](anion)2·nSolvent based on Mössbauer and DSC

  9. Fifty Years of Climate Curricular Confusion and Pedagogical Gaps

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCaffrey, M. S.; Buhr, S. S.; Niepold, F.

    2008-12-01

    The processes of weather and climate, including the greenhouse effect and the potential for significant, even catastrophic human impacts on the climate system, were sufficiently understood in 1958 during the International Geophysical Year that the authors of the science education booklet, Planet Earth, The Mystery with 100,000 Clues, published by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, were confident to predict that continued emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere could, in time, melt icecaps and glaciers and rise sea levels. This important scientific insight was further studied by climatologists, but is largely missing as an integral, important component of science education. Now, fifty years later, with a global population that has doubled, fossil fuel emissions that have tripled, and current energy consumption and emission trajectories that are above the IPCC Business as Usual scenario, leading politicians still doubt that our global economy can impact the climate system. NRC estimates that up to 40 percent of the approximately $10 trillion U.S. economy is affected by weather and climate events annually, making it a crucial if not dominant factor in our economic well-being, particularly for future generations. Despite the long term and short term importance of climate in our lives, society is essentially illiterate about climate science and confused about the connections between energy, economy and climate, as numerous public opinion polls and studies have shown. A key reason is that education programs and pedagogical content knowledge focusing on the basics of climate, including natural variability as well as human induced climate change, are largely missing from K12 and undergraduate education. Climate has fallen through disciplinary cracks, been avoided because of perceived controversy, and neglected because most educators lack training or expertise in the subject matter. With a focus on climate in formal education, this paper will provide an overview

  10. Research on materials for advanced electronic and aerospace application. [including optical and magnetic data processing, stress corrosion and H2 interaction, and polymeric systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Development and understanding of materials most suitable for use in compact magnetic and optical memory systems are discussed. Suppression of metal deterioration by hydrogen is studied. Improvement of mechanical properties of polymers is considered, emphasizing low temperature ductility and compatibility with high modulus fiber materials.

  11. CURRICULAR DESIGN FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A PEACE CULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Raiza González; Carmen Zabala; Hercilia Berrueta

    2009-01-01

    This investigation had as purpose from the analysis of the contributions of sciences of the conduct, pedagogical and spiritual, to apply a curricular design for the development of competitions  in the educational one like mediator of a culture of peace in the classroom. study was descriptive, of action-reflection-intervention in the modality of study of case with application of tests you diagnose, observation log, shootings, psicoterapéuticas interviews, techniques and factories, considering ...

  12. Student-Initiated Sexual Health Selective as a Curricular Tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katie Johnson, BS

    2015-06-01

    Conclusions: The 1-week SHS was successfully implemented through the teamwork of a medical student and faculty champion. It resulted in more accurate knowledge and more open attitudes toward sexual health among participating medical students. Potential benefits to undergraduate medical educators are reviewed. Johnson K, Rullo J, and Faubion S. Student-initiated sexual health selective as a curricular tool. Sex Med 2015;3:118–127.

  13. Projeto F.E.F./UNICAMP - proposta curricular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lino Castellani Filho

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Relato feito a MOTRIVIVÊNCIA, pelo Professor Lino Castellani Filho, durante o I Seminário de Educação Física - Um Compromisso Político com a Educação ocorrido em Aracaju em maio de 1988. 0 relato do Professor enfoca como se deu o processo de discussão para a elaboração da proposta de grade curricular da FEF/UNICAMP.

  14. Subject-Based and Cross-Curricular Approaches within the Revised Primary Curriculum in Northern Ireland: Teachers' Concerns and Preferred Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwood, Richard

    2013-01-01

    A revision of the Northern Ireland Primary Curriculum took place in 2007. It promotes strongly a cross-curricular or thematic approach to planning and teaching and has an "Area of Learning" structure which includes geography alongside history and science and technology in an area called "The World Around Us". Responses from…

  15. Studies Show Curricular Efficiency Can Be Attained.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walberg, Herbert J.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews the nine factors contributing to educational productivity, the effectiveness of instructional techniques (mastery learning ranks high and Skinnerian reinforcement has the largest overall effect), and the effects of psychological enviroments on learning. Includes references and a table. (MD)

  16. Adaptation of The Early Childhood Curricular Beliefs Inventory into Turkish: Validity and Reliability Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sema SOYDAN

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to adapt The Early Childhood Curricular Beliefs Inventory (ECCBI questionnaire into Turkish. The ECCBI is a tool designed for exploring curricular beliefs of pre-service teachers in the area of early childhood education. A subscale named “behavioural approach” is not in the Turkish adaptation of the scale according to expert opinions, three subtests meaning 54 items out of 72 items have been included in the adapted version of scale. After the equivalence test of Turkish form, instrument has been applied to 30 preschool teachers and 200 preservice preschool teachers and total 230 person. In order to test construct validity of Turkish instrument, confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis have been applied; to identify reliability, Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient, Sperman-Brown formula and Guttmann split-half reliability formula have been employed and corrected item-total correlation has been examined. Results show that this scale is a suitable assessment tool for the pre-service teachers to determine their related beliefs about early childhood approaches.

  17. Effects of a curricular revision on learner outcomes in veterinary clinical pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollinger, Charlotte; Libarkin, Julie C; Stickle, Julia E; Hauptman, Joe G; Henry, Rebecca; Scott, Michael A

    2013-01-01

    A mixed-methods evaluation was conducted to study learner attitudes and knowledge about clinical pathology across a curricular change that instituted a stand-alone clinical pathology course in place of content within a previously integrated pathology course structure. Groups of pre- and post-change students were assessed three times across the two semesters leading up to graduation. At each time, rank-ordered and open-ended response items probed attitudes, and multiple-choice items assessed knowledge. Data about student clinical pathology performance were also collected from clinical pathology instructors and supervising clinicians. Student rank-ordered items were evaluated by factor analysis; resulting factor-scale scores, multiple-choice scores, and rank responses from study cohorts were statistically assessed between groups and within each group over time. Intraclass correlations were calculated for the coding of student open-ended responses, and all coded responses were compared among groups. Analysis revealed that students in the revised curriculum had greater satisfaction with their training and greater confidence in data interpretation compared to students without exposure to an independent clinical pathology course. Although differences in knowledge of clinical pathology were not detected, it was also apparent that the independent clinical pathology course filled a student-perceived curricular need without raising criticisms related to diminished integration with anatomic pathology. Secondary study outcomes included formative feedback for course improvement, evidence of clerkship efficacy, and baseline data for further studies.

  18. Mathematics Education and its Influence in Curricular Organization and Development in Brazil Educação Matemática e sua Influência no Processo de Organização e Desenvolvimento Curricular no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Célia Maria Carolino Pires

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to introduce a summary of the process of curricular organization and development in Brazil, especially in the period from 1960, when the influence of the Modern Mathematics Movement (M.M.M. began, up to the current moment, aiming to analyze the influence of the field of Mathematics Education in this process. Curricular organization and development are generally impelled by projects resulting from national and regional public policies, such as the M.M.M., and presently international evaluations such as the International Program of Students Evaluation exert an influence on decisions related to curriculums. Because they are not academic documents, the theoretical sources are not made explicit in the original texts; however, they can be found in the bibliographic references, and are also easily identifiable in their formulation, thus revealing the most important influences in each period. In presenting the path of this process, we hope to emphasize the need to broaden and deepen studies about curricular organization and development in the field of Mathematics Education, and also the need to include this subject as an essential element for teacher education. Keywords: Curricular Organization and Development. Mathematics Education.e desenvolvimento curricular no Brasil, especialmente no período de 1960, em que começa a influência do Movimento Matemática Moderna, até o momento atual, buscando analisar as influências da área de Educação Matemática nesse processo2. A organização e desenvolvimento curricular são impulsionadas, de modo geral, por projetos desencadeados pelas políticas públicas de âmbito nacional e regional e, muitas vezes, por influência de movimentos internacionais como foi o caso do Movimento Matemática Moderna e atualmente, de grandes avaliações internacionais como é o caso do Programa Internacional de Avaliação de alunos (PISA que acabam exercendo influência nas decis

  19. Critical Evaluation of the New Headway Advanced and the ILI Advanced Series: A Comparison of Curricular Components and CLT Objectives Based on ACTFL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esmail Zare-Behtash

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The critical evaluation of systematic planning, development and review practices of instructional materials intend to improve the quality of teaching and learning. This study investigates the objectives of communicative language teaching and curricular components of two important textbooks which are widely studied in Iran: the New Headway Advanced Series (2015, the Iran Language Institute (ILI Advanced1 (2008. The evaluation is done in terms of two prospects; firstly, the interpretation of communicative language teaching objectives and secondly, curricular components of the books. To this aim, a checklist of 5 Cs standards and seven curricular components evaluation developed by American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL was employed. The evaluation reveals that the New Headway advanced series is more preferable and desirable than the ILI Advanced 1 due to the design and organization, authenticity, attractiveness, functionality, practicality and the other qualities mentioned above regarding communication, cultures, connection, comparison, and community in all aspects. The evaluation based on the seven curricular components- language systems, communication strategies, cultural knowledge, learning strategies, content from other subject areas, critical thinking skills, technology and the other features- indicates that the ILI textbook enjoys low standards and is not well developed in all components. The ILI textbook is highly reading and writing oriented and not appropriate for transactional and interactional learning purposes. This study acquaints language teachers and learners with the more desirable and cogent book.

  20. ¿Excluidos o incluidos?: Recuperadores de materiales reciclables en Latinoamérica Excluded or included?: Recyclable material recoverers in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Villanova

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El fenómeno de la recuperación de materiales reciclables se masificó en varios países de Latinoamérica durante las últimas décadas. Este artículo se propone examinar el circuito que recorren esos materiales en ciudades de tres países: Argentina, Brasil y México. El objetivo es analizar este proceso y las condiciones de trabajo de quienes recolectan y clasifican el material de manera independiente o en cooperativas y su vínculo con las empresas que usan esos productos como materia prima, sobre todo las papeleras, a través de fuentes bibliográficas, estadísticas oficiales y artículos periodísticos, y estudios de caso propios en el análisis de la situación en Argentina.The phenomenon of recyclable materials recovery has occurred on a massive scale in several Latin American countries in recent decades. This article seeks to examine the circuit followed by these materials in cities of three countries: Argentina, Brazil and Mexico. The aim is to analyze this process and the labor conditions of those who collect and classify the material independently or in cooperatives and their link with firms that use these products as raw material, particularly paper mills, using bibliographical sources, official statistics and newspaper articles and case studies in the analysis of the situation in Argentina.

  1. Analytical resolution of the reactive diffusion equation for transient electronics including materials whose porosity value changes in terms of their thickness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas Toro, Agustín.

    2014-05-01

    Transient electronic devices are a new technology development whose main characteristic is that its components can disappear in a programmed and controlled way, which means such devices have a pre-engineered service life. Nowadays, transient electronics have a large application field, involving from the reduction of e-waste in the planet until the development of medical instruments and implants that can be discarded when the patients do not need it anymore, avoiding the trouble of having an extra procedure for them. These devices must be made from biocompatible materials avoiding long-term adverse effects in the environment and patients. It is fundamental to develop an analytical model that allows describing the behavior of these materials considering cases which its porosity may be constant or not, in presence of water or any other biofluid. In order to accomplish this analysis was solve the reactive diffusion equation based on Bromwich's integral and the Residue theorem for two material cases, those whose porosity is constant, and those whose porosity increases linearly in terms of its thickness, where was found a general expression. This allows to the analysis of the relation of the electric resistance (per unit length) and the rate of dissolution of the material.

  2. The Accessibility of Learning Content for All Students, Including Students with Disabilities, Must Be Addressed in the Shift to Digital Instructional Materials. SETDA Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Geoff; Levin, Doug; Lipper, Katherine; Leichty, Reg

    2014-01-01

    This is a time of rapid technological advancement, with innovations in education holding great promise for improving teaching and learning, particularly for students with unique needs. High-quality digital educational materials, tools, and resources offer students relevant, up-to-date, and innovative ways to acquire knowledge and skills. Created…

  3. Una ingeniería didáctica como estrategia de diseño de unidades curriculares

    OpenAIRE

    Pluss, Ileana

    2007-01-01

    El trabajo que se presenta se enmarca en estudios didácticos e investigaciones sobre los procesos de aprendizaje de unidades curriculares, especialmente diseñadas y construidas como material de apoyo para la enseñanza de tópicos específicos, seleccionados por su valor conceptual en los programas de la llamada Matemática Básica en Facultades donde el carácter de esta ciencia es preponderantemente instrumental. El tema a tratar es “Derivada” y se desarrolla a partir de problemas de velocidad y ...

  4. Historia del Derecho: materiales curriculares electrónicos

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Almira, María Magdalena

    2010-01-01

    El estudio de las fuentes e instituciones de la Historia del Derecho a través de materiales curriculares electrónicos permite al alumno adquirir un conocimiento de la asignatura adaptado al proceso de innovación educativa. Los contenidos de la asignatura, relativos a las instituciones y fuentes medievales, andalusíes, de la España moderna y constitucional, se presentan organizados de forma sistemática y secuencial para justificar el hecho histórico acaecido en un momento concreto y su repercu...

  5. LA EVALUACIÓN CURRICULAR COMO BASE PARA EL PERFECCIONAMIENTO CURRICULAR EN LA CARRERA DE ECONOMÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Alfredo Alfredo Pilozo Cedeño

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El economista del Siglo XXI debe ejercer su profesión en un entorno dinámico y complejo, caracterizado por frecuentes cambios políticos, sociales, culturales y laborales. En tales circunstancias, el profesional de las Ciencias Económicas debe  demostrar las competencias adquiridas en su proceso formativo, a través de la aplicación de sus conocimientos para identificar las problemáticas más frecuentes que se revelan en el funcionamiento de los sistemas económicos – financieros y el diseño de alternativas de solución que no contradigan la asignación de recursos en pos del desarrollo humano, a la vez, que estimulen el eficiente desempeño empresarial. Entre las cualidades inherentes a este profesional está la capacidad de anticiparse a las posibles contradicciones económicas y financieras relevantes para una organización en cualquier situación concreta, así como su preparación para presentar y defender las vías que propone, para facilitar su solución con un sólido fundamento de alineación de estas, con las metas organizacionales y la evaluación actual y futura de los posibles resultados en escenarios diversos. Contar con un perfil de egreso, que se articule con la estructuración de la malla curricular, los programas de asignaturas y los requerimientos sociales hacia el economista en el contexto regional, nacional e internacional es una válida intención que justifica el perfeccionamiento curricular en pos de lograr un proceso formativo pertinente, al definir el perfil de competencias específicas, básicas y transversales que caracterizan el desempeño del economista.PALABRAS CLAVE: perfeccionamiento curricular; evaluación; competenciasTHE CURRICULAR EVALUATION AS BASE FOR THE CURRICULAR IMPROVEMENT IN THE CAREER OF ECONOMYABSTRACTThe Economist of the 21st century must exercise their profession in a dynamic and complex environment characterized by frequent changes of political, social, cultural and labor. In such

  6. A EDUCAÇÃO INFANTIL NA BASE NACIONAL COMUM CURRICULAR: conceitos e propostas de um currículo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Cezari

    2016-10-01

      PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Currículo, Integração Curricular, Educação Infantil.     ABSTRACT We discuss briefly the development of the National Curriculum in Brazil for Early Childhood Education, and this is presented in the National Curriculum Common Base (BNCC. Explanaremos the principles and proposals of curriculum integration, including political processes related to the curriculum, and illustrating it as a possible way for curricular paying for this level of education. With the studies and discussions proposed by BNCC, we see the possibility of this teaching literacy levels, return to a welfare action, reducing it to take care of. It is necessary to give due attention to childhood education, understanding that this plays a socializing role, promoting the development of the identity of children, through various learning, conducted in interaction situations.   KEYWORDS: Curriculum, Curriculum Integration, Early Childhood Education.     RESUMEN Se discute brevemente el desarrollo del plan de estudios nacional en Brasil para la Educación Preescolar, y esto se presenta en el Currículo Nacional Base Común (BNCC. Explanaremos los principios y propuestas de integración curricular, incluidos los procesos políticos relacionados con el plan de estudios, y que ilustran como un posible camino para curricular pagar por este nivel de educación. Con los estudios y discusiones propuestas por BNCC, vemos la posibilidad de que esta enseñanza los niveles de alfabetización, el retorno a una acción de bienestar, reduciéndolo a cuidar. Es necesario prestar la debida atención a la educación infantil, entendiendo que esto juega un papel socializador, promoviendo el desarrollo de la identidad de los niños, a través de diversos aprendizaje, llevado a cabo en situaciones de interacción.   PALABRAS CLAVE: Curriculum, integración curricular, Educación Infantil.   Abrir em (para melhor visualização em dispositivos móveis - Formato Flipbooks: Issuu / Calameo

  7. Development of urine standard reference materials for metabolites of organic chemicals including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phthalates, phenols, parabens, and volatile organic compounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schantz, Michele M.; Benner, Bruce A.; Heckert, N. Alan; Sander, Lane C.; Sharpless, Katherine E.; Vander Pol, Stacy S.; Vasquez, Y.; Villegas, M.; Wise, Stephen A.; Alwis, K. Udeni; Blount, Benjamin C.; Calafat, Antonia M.; Li, Zheng; Silva, Manori J.; Ye, Xiaoyun; Gaudreau, Éric; Patterson, Donald G.; Sjödin, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Two new Standard Reference Materials (SRMs), SRM 3672 Organic Contaminants in Smokers’ Urine (Frozen) and SRM 3673 Organic Contaminants in Non-Smokers’ Urine (Frozen), have been developed in support of studies for assessment of human exposure to select organic environmental contaminants. Collaborations among three organizations resulted in certified values for 11 hydroxylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) and reference values for 11 phthalate metabolites, 8 environmental phenols and parabens, and 24 volatile organic compound (VOC) metabolites. Reference values are also available for creatinine and the free forms of caffeine, theobromine, ibuprofen, nicotine, cotinine, and 3-hydroxycotinine. These are the first urine Certified Reference Materials characterized for metabolites of organic environmental contaminants. Noteworthy, the mass fractions of the environmental organic contaminants in the two SRMs are within the ranges reported in population survey studies such as the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS). These SRMs will be useful as quality control samples for ensuring compatibility of results among population survey studies and will fill a void to assess the accuracy of analytical methods used in studies monitoring human exposure to these organic environmental contaminants. PMID:25651899

  8. Development of urine standard reference materials for metabolites of organic chemicals including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phthalates, phenols, parabens, and volatile organic compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schantz, Michele M; Benner, Bruce A; Heckert, N Alan; Sander, Lane C; Sharpless, Katherine E; Vander Pol, Stacy S; Vasquez, Y; Villegas, M; Wise, Stephen A; Alwis, K Udeni; Blount, Benjamin C; Calafat, Antonia M; Li, Zheng; Silva, Manori J; Ye, Xiaoyun; Gaudreau, Éric; Patterson, Donald G; Sjödin, Andreas

    2015-04-01

    Two new Standard Reference Materials (SRMs), SRM 3672 Organic Contaminants in Smokers' Urine (Frozen) and SRM 3673 Organic Contaminants in Non-Smokers' Urine (Frozen), have been developed in support of studies for assessment of human exposure to select organic environmental contaminants. Collaborations among three organizations resulted in certified values for 11 hydroxylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) and reference values for 11 phthalate metabolites, 8 environmental phenols and parabens, and 24 volatile organic compound (VOC) metabolites. Reference values are also available for creatinine and the free forms of caffeine, theobromine, ibuprofen, nicotine, cotinine, and 3-hydroxycotinine. These are the first urine Certified Reference Materials characterized for metabolites of organic environmental contaminants. Noteworthy, the mass fractions of the environmental organic contaminants in the two SRMs are within the ranges reported in population survey studies such as the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS). These SRMs will be useful as quality control samples for ensuring compatibility of results among population survey studies and will fill a void to assess the accuracy of analytical methods used in studies monitoring human exposure to these organic environmental contaminants.

  9. Evaluation of elemental profiling methods, including laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), for the differentiation of Cannabis plant material grown in different nutrient solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Deftar, Moteaa M; Robertson, James; Foster, Simon; Lennard, Chris

    2015-06-01

    Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is an emerging atomic emission based solid sampling technique that has many potential forensic applications. In this study, the analytical performance of LIBS, as well as that of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) and X-ray microfluorescence (μXRF), was evaluated for the ability to conduct elemental analyses on Cannabis plant material, with a specific investigation of the possible links between hydroponic nutrients and elemental profiles from associated plant material. No such study has been previously published in the literature. Good correlation among the four techniques was observed when the concentrations or peak areas of the elements of interest were monitored. For Cannabis samples collected at the same growth time, the elemental profiles could be related to the use of particular commercial nutrients. In addition, the study demonstrated that ICP-MS, LA-ICP-MS and LIBS are suitable techniques for the comparison of Cannabis samples from different sources, with high discriminating powers being achieved. On the other hand, μXRF method was not suitable for the discrimination of Cannabis samples originating from different growth nutrients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Determination of Single Sugars, Including Inulin, in Plants and Feed Materials by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Refraction Index Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsten Weiß

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The exact and reliable detection of sugar monomers and fructans provides important information for the evaluation of carbohydrate metabolism in plants and animals. Using the HPLC method; a large number of samples and single sugars; with both high sensitivity and selectivity; may be analysed. It was shown that the described method—using a Nucleosil column loaded with Pb2+ ions; a refractive index detector (RID; and HPLC-grade water as the eluent—gives precise and reproducible results regarding the detection of individual sugars in extracts of plants and feed materials. The method can be applied for the detection of sucrose; maltose; lactose; xylose; glucose; galactose; arabinose; fructose; ribose; and mannitol. Furthermore; depending on the plant material; the sugars verbascose; stachyose; and raffinose can be separated. The peaks were well resolved and the reproducibility of the analysis; with 94–108% of recovery (RC and relative standard deviation (RSD of up to 5%; was very good. The method was successfully applied to a variety of green forages and samples of sugar beet pulp silages. It is also possible to determine fructan with inulin as a standard; together with the other sugars; or alone by a different protocol and column.

  11. Versatile, Reversible, and Reusable Gel of a Monocholesteryl Conjugated Calix[4]arene as Functional Material to Store and Release Dyes and Drugs Including Doxorubicin, Curcumin, and Tocopherol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandela, Anil Kumar; Hinge, Vijaya Kumar; Yarramala, Deepthi S; Rao, Chebrolu Pulla

    2015-06-03

    Gels are interesting soft materials owing to their functional properties leading to potential applications. This paper deals with the synthesis of monocholesteryl derivatized calix[4]arene (G) and its instantaneous gelation at a minimum gelator concentration of 0.6% in 1:1 v/v THF/acetonitrile. The gel shows remarkable thermoreversibility by exhibiting Tgel→sol at ∼48 °C and is demonstrated for several cycles. The gel shows an organized network of nanobundles, while that of the sol shows spherical nanoaggregates in microscopy. A bundle with ∼12 nm diameter possessing hydrophobic pockets in itself is obtained from computationally modeled gel, and hence the gel is suitable for storage and release applications. The guest-entrapped gels exhibit the same microstructures as that observed with simple gels, while fluorescence spectra and molecular mechanics suggests that the drug molecules occupy the hydrophobic pockets. All the entrapped drug molecules are released into water, suggesting a complete recovery of the trapped species. The reusability of the gel for the storage and release of the drug into water is demonstrated for four consecutive cycles, and hence the gel formed from G acts as a functional material that finds application in drug delivery.

  12. Presencia del modelo curricular socio-crítico en el diseño del proyecto curricular regional de Puno

    OpenAIRE

    Apaza Llanque, Julia

    2015-01-01

    El Modelo Curricular Socio-Crítico, que concretiza la Teoría Curricular Crítica para la construcción de un currículo que guía la educación desde el interés emancipador, orientó la construcción del Proyecto Curricular Regional de Puno, documento que tras seis años de su aprobación y generalización, aún no es aplicado en el 100% de instituciones educativas de la región. Lo que motivó la formulación del siguiente problema: ¿De qué manera el Modelo Curricular Socio- Crítico está...

  13. Exploring Curricular Transformation to Promote Innovation and Entrepreneurship: An Institutional Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Kevin R.

    2015-01-01

    Colleges and universities in the United States have developed and implemented a wide array of opportunities for undergraduate students to learn about innovation and entrepreneurship. Drawing upon an institutional case study, this article examines why one public research university initiated and supported curricular and co-curricular offerings in…

  14. A Case Study of Relationships between Organizational Culture and Curricular Change in Engineering Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merton, Prudence; Froyd, Jeffrey E.; Clark, M. Carolyn; Richardson, Jim

    2009-01-01

    We examined two curricular change efforts at a small, midwestern engineering and science college in order to explore how organizational culture influences curricular change processes. We found that the failure of one effort (measured by inability to sustain the curriculum over time) and the success of the other (the curriculum continues to be…

  15. Curricular Infusion and High-Risk Drinking among First-Year Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayhew, Matthew J.; Klein, Sara; Behringer, Laurie Bartell; Ulrich, Anastasia Stacy; Caldwell, Rebecca J.; Hourigan, Aimee

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the curricular contexts effective at reducing high-risk drinking behaviors among 206 first-year undergraduate students. Results showed that infusing alcohol prevention messages into curricular content presented to first-year students who lived and studied together may have helped curb their high-risk drinking behaviors. This…

  16. Challenges of the e-Health curricular education in bio-medical engineering and in medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinciroli, Francesco; Bonacina, Stefano; Marceglia, Sara; Ferrante, Simona; Mazzola, Luca

    2012-01-01

    Curricular recommendations coming from highly respectable associations are highly useful. Nevertheless, they show fatigue in keeping the pace of any fast evolution, as in the ICT happens. So we do the attempt to disclose the emerging challenges affecting e-Health curricular education.

  17. English Learner "Curricular Streams" in Four Middle Schools: Triage in the Trenches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estrada, Peggy

    2014-01-01

    Little is known about the curricular experiences schools provide English learner students (ELs) to meet the dual goals of attaining English language proficiency (ELP) and grade-level achievement. I introduce the concept of "Curricular Streams" to provide a more nuanced comparative analysis of four urban middle schools, focusing on: (a)…

  18. Exploring Curricular Transformation to Promote Innovation and Entrepreneurship: An Institutional Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Kevin R.

    2015-01-01

    Colleges and universities in the United States have developed and implemented a wide array of opportunities for undergraduate students to learn about innovation and entrepreneurship. Drawing upon an institutional case study, this article examines why one public research university initiated and supported curricular and co-curricular offerings in…

  19. Veterinary Curricula Today: Curricular Management and Renewal at AAVMC Member Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, India F; Root Kustritz, Margaret V; Schoenfeld-Tacher, Regina M

    2017-01-01

    Renewing a veterinary curriculum is challenging work and its impact is difficult to measure. Academic leaders are charged with regular review and updating of their curricula, but have few resources available to guide their efforts. Due to the paucity of published veterinary reports, most turn to colleagues at other veterinary schools for insider advice, while a few undertake the task of adapting information from the educational literature to suit the needs of the veterinary profession. In response to this paucity, we proposed a theme issue on curricular renewal and surveyed academic leaders regarding curricular challenges and major renewal efforts underway. We compiled the results of this survey (with respondents from 38 veterinary colleges) as well as publicly available information to create a digest of curricular activities at AAVMC member institutions. This introductory article summarizes the key survey findings, describes the methods used to create the curricular digest, and presents information about key aspects of selected programs. Our overarching research questions were as follows: (1) What was the extent and nature of curricular change at AAVMC-accredited veterinary colleges over the past 5 years? and (2) How are curricula and curricular changes managed at AAVMC accredited veterinary colleges? The appended curricular digests provide selected details of current DVM curricula at participating institutions. Additional articles in this issue report on institutional change efforts in more detail. It is our hope that this issue will help to pave the way for future curricular development, research, and peer-to-peer collaboration.

  20. Extra-Curricular Social Studies in an Open Air History Museum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Ronald Vaughan

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses extra-curricular social studies in an Open Air History Museum. Open Air History Museum, Conner Prairie Interpretive Park in Fishers, Indiana, is a cultural institution that encourages and supports talented students as they participate in an extra-curricular program. Ten-to sixteen-year-old youths "apply for jobs"…

  1. Analytical model including the fringing-induced barrier lowering effect for a dual-material surrounding-gate MOSFET with a high-K gate dielectric

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Cong; Zhuang Yi-Qi; Zhang Li; Bao Jun-Lin

    2012-01-01

    By solving Poisson's equation in both semiconductor and gate insulator regions in the cylindrical coordinates,an analytical model for a dual-material surrounding-gate (DMSG) metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) with a high-κ gate dielectric has been developed.Using the derived model,the influences of fringing-induced barrier lowering (FIBL) on surface potential,subthreshold current,DIBL,and subthreshold swing are investigated.It is found that for the same equivalent oxide thickness,the gate insulator with high-κ dielectric degrades the short-channel performance of the DMSG MOSFET.The accuracy of the analytical model is verified by the good agreement of its results with that obtained from the ISE three-dimensional numerical device simulator.

  2. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 529: Area 25 Contaminated Materials, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Rev. 0, Including Record of Technical Change No. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office

    2003-02-26

    This Corrective Action Investigation Plan contains the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office's approach to collect the data necessary to evaluate corrective action alternatives appropriate for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 529, Area 25 Contaminated Materials, Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nevada, under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. CAU 529 consists of one Corrective Action Site (25-23-17). For the purpose of this investigation, the Corrective Action Site has been divided into nine parcels based on the separate and distinct releases. A conceptual site model was developed for each parcel to address the translocation of contaminants from each release. The results of this investigation will be used to support a defensible evaluation of corrective action alternatives in the corrective action decision document.

  3. One Health in food safety and security education: Subject matter outline for a curricular framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A. Angelos

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Educating students in the range of subjects encompassing food safety and security as approached from a One Health perspective requires consideration of a variety of different disciplines and the interrelationships among disciplines. The Western Institute for Food Safety and Security developed a subject matter outline to accompany a previously published One Health in food safety and security curricular framework. The subject matter covered in this outline encompasses a variety of topics and disciplines related to food safety and security including effects of food production on the environment. This subject matter outline should help guide curriculum development and education in One Health in food safety and security and provides useful information for educators, researchers, students, and public policy-makers facing the inherent challenges of maintaining and/or developing safe and secure food supplies without destroying Earth's natural resources.

  4. One Health in food safety and security education: Subject matter outline for a curricular framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelos, John A; Arens, Amanda L; Johnson, Heather A; Cadriel, Jessica L; Osburn, Bennie I

    2017-06-01

    Educating students in the range of subjects encompassing food safety and security as approached from a One Health perspective requires consideration of a variety of different disciplines and the interrelationships among disciplines. The Western Institute for Food Safety and Security developed a subject matter outline to accompany a previously published One Health in food safety and security curricular framework. The subject matter covered in this outline encompasses a variety of topics and disciplines related to food safety and security including effects of food production on the environment. This subject matter outline should help guide curriculum development and education in One Health in food safety and security and provides useful information for educators, researchers, students, and public policy-makers facing the inherent challenges of maintaining and/or developing safe and secure food supplies without destroying Earth's natural resources.

  5. [Study of parental participation in curricular and extracurricular activities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renaud, L; Mannoni, C

    1997-01-01

    This preliminary study of parental participation in curricular and extra-curricular activities was conducted in the general framework of the healthy heart project in St. Louis du Parc, an underprivileged and multiethnic neighbourhood in Montreal. A general understanding of this type of participation is essential in order to adapt the role parents play in health programs developed in conjunction with the school. A conceptual framework was developed to help understand how and why parents of primary school children participate in school activities. Qualitative analysis of 15 semi-directed interviews conducted with various schools and other organizations revealed those obstacles to parental involvement, and the factors that encourage parents to participate. It was clear that there were wide social and cultural gaps between parents and schools. An important factor is how people perceive those barriers. Teachers stressed organizational and language communications difficulties. Others pointed to the lack of knowledge of the community, to poor communications skills and the parents' lack of those skills that would allow them to participate actively. A more open-minded attitude by school authorities and a more proactive and positive attitude of teachers toward parents are essential requirements, but not the only ones. Further interviews with parents should help provide more details and information.

  6. Educating the educators: a key to curricular integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haramati, Aviad

    2015-02-01

    According to Hopkins and colleagues, integration of basic science and clinical practice in the medical curriculum has been "incremental" at best, rather than transformative, in part because of a lack of focus on the individuals central to the integration--basic science educators. These authors maintain that those who lead change in education should not only address the systemic structure but also understand the meaning of integration for individual basic scientists at different levels of change. Their view has merit, and this Commentary author suggests three concrete steps that institutions should undertake to engage basic scientists who are interested in becoming "educationally literate" and assuming leadership roles in curriculum integration: (1) Offer opportunities to help interested basic science teaching faculty gain the necessary expertise to become skilled educators; (2) establish institutional programs and structures that foster a community of medical educators across departments and schools; and (3) align institutional priorities and incentives to promote, rather than hinder, integration in medical education. In essence, curricular integration cannot succeed if the participants do not understand the "language of education." Furthermore, faculty who opt for an education-focused career path should be brought together from across departments, centers, and schools to create a community of educators within the academic health center. Finally, institutional leaders should place high value and proper incentives in terms of recognition and opportunities for faculty advancement to ensure that those opting to gain additional training as skilled educators will drive innovation and help move curricular reform from incremental change to transformation.

  7. Managing curricular change in the UWI medical schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchegbu, B O

    2001-12-01

    The ideal operational curriculum is dynamic. It is alive, constantly responding to changes within the social milieu served by its programmes. The medical curriculum of the University of the West Indies (UWI) has not been readily responsive to its catchment society's changing needs. This lack of resilience has created both curricular and administrative problems that have remained unsolved. Now, at the threshold of the twenty-first century, many more fundamental curricular changes are imperative in the UWI medical programme if the Faculty of Medical Sciences (FMS) is to be able to withstand the territorial invasions imminent from the global digital institutions of the new age. The new changes that will place the medical curriculum in line with the demands of the new Information Age will also remove the obnoxious effects of the 'dual curriculum' question and related issues. The Change Formula (Ch = V x P x D > C) that has worked the corporate transformations and realignments of the late twentieth century is applied to the thoughts of a reformed management of the UWI medical curriculum, and its ability to break down walls of resistance to change and liberate the curriculum to full dynamism is discussed.

  8. Health Systems Science Curricula in Undergraduate Medical Education: Identifying and Defining a Potential Curricular Framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalo, Jed D; Dekhtyar, Michael; Starr, Stephanie R; Borkan, Jeffrey; Brunett, Patrick; Fancher, Tonya; Green, Jennifer; Grethlein, Sara Jo; Lai, Cindy; Lawson, Luan; Monrad, Seetha; O'Sullivan, Patricia; Schwartz, Mark D; Skochelak, Susan

    2017-01-01

    The authors performed a review of 30 Accelerating Change in Medical Education full grant submissions and an analysis of the health systems science (HSS)-related curricula at the 11 grant recipient schools to develop a potential comprehensive HSS curricular framework with domains and subcategories. In phase 1, to identify domains, grant submissions were analyzed and coded using constant comparative analysis. In phase 2, a detailed review of all existing and planned syllabi and curriculum documents at the grantee schools was performed, and content in the core curricular domains was coded into subcategories. The lead investigators reviewed and discussed drafts of the categorization scheme, collapsed and combined domains and subcategories, and resolved disagreements via group discussion. Analysis yielded three types of domains: core, cross-cutting, and linking. Core domains included health care structures and processes; health care policy, economics, and management; clinical informatics and health information technology; population and public health; value-based care; and health system improvement. Cross-cutting domains included leadership and change agency; teamwork and interprofessional education; evidence-based medicine and practice; professionalism and ethics; and scholarship. One linking domain was identified: systems thinking. This broad framework aims to build on the traditional definition of systems-based practice and highlight the need for medical and other health professions schools to better align education programs with the anticipated needs of the systems in which students will practice. HSS will require a critical investigation into existing curricula to determine the most efficient methods for integration with the basic and clinical sciences.

  9. Approximate Analytical Solution for One-Dimensional Solidification Problem of a Finite Superheating Phase Change Material Including the Effects of Wall and Thermal Contact Resistances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid El Qarnia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This work reports an analytical solution for the solidification of a superheating phase change material (PCM contained in a rectangular enclosure with a finite height. The analytical solution has been obtained by solving nondimensional energy equations by using the perturbation method for a small perturbation parameter: the Stefan number, ε. This analytical solution, which takes into account the effects of the superheating of PCM, finite height of the enclosure, thickness of the wall, and wall-solid shell interfacial thermal resistances, was expressed in terms of nondimensional temperature distributions of the bottom wall of the enclosure and both PCM phases, and the dimensionless solid-liquid interface position and its dimensionless speed. The developed solution was firstly compared with that existing in the literature for the case of nonsuperheating PCM. The predicted results agreed well with those published in the literature. Next, a parametric study was carried out in order to study the impacts of the dimensionless control parameters on the dimensionless temperature distributions of the wall, the solid shell, and liquid phase of the PCM, as well as the solid-liquid interface position and its dimensionless speed.

  10. La incorporación de la transversalidad en el diseño curricular de la Universidad Estatal a Distancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ocampo Hernández, Christian

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo científico engloba los alcances más relevantes de una investigación educativa de corte cualitativo y de categoría no interactiva que se desarrolló en la Universidad Estatal a Distancia de Costa Rica (UNED a finales del año 2011 con el propósito de evaluar la incorporación del enfoque de la transversalidad en sus diseños curriculares. Este estudio se delimitó al análisis de la operacionalización del eje institucional de la diversidad cultural y de la multiculturalidad en los materiales curriculares de las asignaturas de Geografía de Costa Rica y Geografía Turística de Costa Rica, ambas de naturaleza teórico-práctica y de modalidad regular. Se aplicó la técnica de la investigación documental, complementada con entrevistas en profundidad, asimismo, se priorizaron los criterios evaluativos de la presencia y pertinencia del eje transversal mencionado. Como resultado de la investigación, se identificaron esfuerzos significativos por parte de las instancias académicas de la UNED para incorporar el eje de la diversidad cultural en los lineamientos institucionales, diseños de curso y otros materiales, pero desde el plano de lo implícito y desde enfoques tradicionales. Con el fin de potenciar el desarrollo de estos procesos, se plantean en las secciones finales estrategias de mejora tanto a nivel epistemológico como metodológico. The following scientific article includes the most relevant scope of a qualitative and non-interactive category educational research, which was developed at the National Distance University of Costa Rica (UNED in late 2011 with the purpose of evaluating the incorporation of the transversality approach in its curriculum design. This study was delimited to the analysis of the operationalization of the institutional axis of cultural diversity and multiculturalism in the curriculum materials for the subjects of Geography of Costa Rica and Touristic Geography of Costa Rica, both

  11. Convenient synthesis of energetic polynitro materials including (NO2)3CCH2CH2NH3-salts via Michael addition of trinitromethane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Axthammer, Quirin J; Klapötke, Thomas M; Krumm, Burkhard; Scharf, Regina; Unger, Cornelia C

    2016-12-21

    The nucleophilic Michael addition of nitroform with acrylamide creates a variety of energetic products. Several interesting compounds with a trinitromethyl group were synthesized, among them salts containing the trinitropropylammonium cation, [(NO2)3CCH2CH2NH3]X. Owing to their positive oxygen balance, the suitability of these compounds as potential high-energy dense oxidizers (HEDOs) in energetic formulations was investigated and discussed. Furthermore, numerous important and reactive compounds for the continuing synthesis of molecules with a high oxygen balance are presented. All compounds were fully characterized, including multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, vibrational analysis (IR, Raman), elemental analysis, as well as single crystal X-ray diffraction. Thermal stabilities were studied using differential scanning calorimetry and sensitivity data against friction, impact and electrostatic discharge were collected. The energies of formation were calculated using Gaussian 09 and energetic properties, such as the specific impulse and detonation velocity, were predicted with the EXPLO5 (V6.02) computer code.

  12. METHODOLOGY FOR CROSS-CURRICULAR THEME OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL AXIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Aparicio López

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article introduces a methodology to identify the presence of the environmental axis in educational programs in Bachelors in the Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Mexico. It is sustained on competency-based education and constructionism, due to they appeal to humanism to deal current problems. It is composed of four phases: committee conformation, theoretical and conceptual concerning analysis, construction and application of instruments on a PE, and identification of the cross-curricular theme level. Even though the proposed methodology is applied to the environment, it is feasible to adapt to other axes, such as human rights, multiculturalism, and poverty, relevant to the educational context of the state of Guerrero.

  13. Should laptops be allowed in the classroom? Two viewpoints: viewpoint 1: laptops in classrooms facilitate curricular advancement and promote student learning and viewpoint 2: deconstructing and rethinking the use of laptops in the classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spallek, Heiko; von Bergmann, HsingChi

    2014-12-01

    This Point/Counterpoint article discusses the pros and cons of deploying one aspect of instructional technology in dental education: the use of laptops in the classroom. Two opposing viewpoints, written by different authors, evaluate the arguments. Viewpoint 1 argues that laptops in classrooms can be a catalyst for rapid curricular advancement and prepare dental graduates for the digital age of dentistry. As dental education is not limited to textual information, but includes skill development in spatial relationships and hands-on training, technology can play a transformative role in students' learning. Carefully implemented instructional technology can enhance student motivation when it transforms students from being the objects of teaching to the subjects of learning. Ubiquitous access to educational material allows for just-in-time learning and can overcome organizational barriers when, for instance, introducing interprofessional education. Viewpoint 2 argues that, in spite of widespread agreement that instructional technology leads to curricular innovation, the notion of the use of laptops in classrooms needs to be deconstructed and rethought when effective learning outcomes are sought. Analyzing the purpose, pedagogy, and learning product while applying lessons learned from K-12 implementation leads to a more complex picture of laptop integration in dental classrooms and forms the basis for questioning the value of such usage. For laptop use to contribute to student learning, rather than simply providing opportunity for students to take notes and access the Internet during class, this viewpoint emphasizes that dental educators need to think carefully about the purpose of this technology and to develop appropriate pedagogical strategies to achieve their objectives. The two viewpoints agree that significant faculty development efforts should precede any introduction of technology into the educational process and that technology alone cannot change education

  14. HISTÓRICO DA PROPOSTA CURRICULAR DE SANTA CATARINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivonete Benedet Fernandes Coan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este texto faz parte da dissertação de mestrado em andamento que tem como objetivo principal analisar os textos sobre alfabetização com letramento contidos na Proposta Curricular de Santa Catarina, no sentido de identificar conceitos e encaminhamentos efetuados pelo Estado catarinense aos professores da rede estadual de ensino por meio dessa política pública. A pesquisa orienta-se na concepção histórico-crítica e adota como método a análise documental e a pesquisa bibliográfica com revisão de literatura sobre as categorias pesquisadas. As respostas ao problema de pesquisa identificaram, precariedade na formação de professores; complexidade dos textos que compõem a Proposta e influência do sistema neoliberal sobre as políticas públicas educacionais brasileiras como fatores que concorrem para a permanência de índices de analfabetismo, repetência e evasão escolar no Estado de Santa Catarina. A elaboração do componente curricular catarinense teve início no final dos anos 1980 e a última atualização foi editada em 2005. Neste artigo, escreve-se o processo de construção dessa Proposta a partir do Plano de Ação 88/91 até os Cadernos Temáticos publicados em 2005.

  15. Los retos de la reespecificación curricular en autonomía universitaria: Aportes de la metateoría curricular neosistémica Os retos da reespecificação curricular em autonomia universitária: Aportes da meta-teoria curricular neosistémica Curricular respecification challenges in university’s autonomy: Contributions of the neo-systemic curricular metatheory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elías Tapiero Vásquez

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Se describe, desde lo general hasta lo específico, la metateoría curricular neosistémica. También se plantean las probabilidades de redescripción en autonomía universitaria, desde la reespecificación configurada en el currículo escolar neosistémico.Se descreve, desde o geral até o específico, da meta-teoria curricular neosistémica. Também se propõem as probabilidades de redescrição em autonomia universitária, desde a reespecificação configurada no currículo escolar neosistémico.Both general and specific ideas of the curricular neo-systemic metatheory are described. Also the redescription probabilities in university’s autonomy from the configured respecification in the school’s neo-systemic curriculum are explained.

  16. “IMIGRANTES” VERSUS “NATIVOS” DIGITAIS: O DISCURSO DE TECNOLOGIAS DIGITAIS EM POLÍTICAS CURRICULARES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Cristiane Loureiro

    2016-10-01

     "INMIGRANTES" VERSUS "NATIVOS" DIGITALES: EL DISCURSO DE TECNOLOGÍAS DIGITALES EN POLÍTICAS CURRICULARES  Resumen: Los discursos de "nativo digital" e "inmigrante digital" en las políticas curriculares son objeto central de análisis de este artículo. Su objetivo es reflexionar sobre la relación entre docencia, niño, infancia, tecnología y plan de estudios, utilizando como material empírico algunos documentos curriculares elaborados por el gobierno federal de Brasil desde los años 2000. Se considera que el lugar social del niño en relación con las tecnologías digitales es marcado por la existencia de una "expertise" garantizada por una "experiencia generacional innata" (niño-nativos en contraste con las otras generaciones (maestros-inmigrantes, indicando un punto de vista naturalizado y determinista de la tecnología en detrimento de usos más significativos y posibilidades de empoderamiento para los maestros y los niños. Palabras clave: Niños. Maestros. Tecnologías digitales. Currículo.

  17. Escolas anarco-sindicalistas no Brasil: alguns princípios, métodos e organização curricular - Anarcho-syndicalist schools in Brazil: some principles, methods and curricular organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagoberto Buim Arena

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Em 1985, a Imprensa Oficial do Estado de São Paulo publicou edição fac-símile da coleção de edições do jornal A voz do trabalhador, editado pelos anarco-sindicalistas da Confederação Operária Brasileira (COB, entre 1908-1915, no Rio de Janeiro. Este trabalho destaca com base nesse material, as resoluções sobre educação adotadas no segundo Congresso de 1913, as ações a ele subseqüentes que criaram escolas, a sua organização curricular e pensamento do educador Florentino de Carvalho, defensor de métodos que considerava racionais e científicos. Para isso, o desenvolvimento deste artigo aborda o nascimento do movimento anarquista no Brasil, a fundação da Confederação Operária Brasileira; a criação do jornal A voz do trabalhador, de seus objetivos e de sua importância para a unificação dos anarco-sindicalistas do Brasil; e, por fim, comentários a respeito da organização curricular de escolas, a ação de educadores anarquistas e a importância da educação para o movimento. Palavras-chave: anarco-sindicalismo; escolas anarco-sindicalistas; Florentino de Carvalho.   ANARCHO-SYNDICALIST SCHOOLS IN BRAZIL: SOME PRINCIPLES, METHODS AND CURRICULAR ORGANIZATION Abstract In 1985, the State of São Paulo Official Press published a “facsimile” edition of the newspaper The worker’s voice, firstly edited by the anarcho-syndicalists of Confederação Operária Brasileira (COB (Brazilian Labor Confederation, between 1908-1915, in Rio de Janeiro. Grounded on that material, this work underlines the resolutions on education adopted at the Second Congress of 1913, the following actions that created schools, their curricular organization and the thought of the educator Florentino de Carvalho, supporter of methods he considered rational and scientific. In order to meet these goals, this paper studies the emergence of the anarchist movement in Brazil; the foundation of Brazilian Labor Confederation; the creation of the

  18. AS ADEQUAÇÕES CURRICULARES E A IMPORTÂNCIA DO APOIO AO PROFESSOR

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ana Maria de Oliveira Bezerra; Cristiane Regina Xavier Fonseca-Janes

    2016-01-01

    .... Lo El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar si los adecuaciones curriculares se llevan a cabo por los profesores de las aulas regulares con estudiantes con Discapacidad Intelectual, cumplir con las acciones...

  19. Curricular priorities for business ethics in medical practice and research: recommendations from Delphi consensus panels

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    DuBois, James M; Kraus, Elena M; Gursahani, Kamal; Mikulec, Anthony; Bakanas, Erin

    2014-01-01

    ..., and (2) to establish curricular priorities through expert consensus. In spring 2012, the authors conducted an online Delphi survey with two heterogeneous panels of experts recruited in the United States...

  20. LA TRANSVERSALIDAD CURRICULAR Y LA ENSEÑANZA DE LA EDUCACIÓN AMBIENTAL

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lorena Fuentes; Yaxcelys Caldera; Iván Mendoza

    2006-01-01

    .... In Venezuela, this proposal was assumed in Primary School Second Stage. The objective of this study was to analyze the principle of curricular transversality in the environmental education teaching...

  1. Reducing School Violence: School-Based Curricular Programs and School Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Michael B.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines two different, but interrelated approaches to reduce school violence: school-based curricular programs and efforts to change school climate. The state of the research for each is reviewed and the relationship between them is explored.

  2. Curricular premises and strategies in order to develop students’ intercultural competences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu-Marian Bunăiaşu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between cultural diversity’s factors and the development of some structures belonging to students’ personality, represents a basic premise in studying intercultural education. One theme of this issue is related to curricular strategies focused on training situations, which enable students’ intercultural learning experiences and social performances awareness, as part of the multicultural society. The article Curricular premises and strategies in order to develop students’ intercultural competences develops the following coordinates: 1 theoretical foundation of the development process of students’ intercultural competences, as part of the school curriculum; 2 results of some previous personal researches in intercultural education, relevant with regard to the theme; 3 suggesting a suite of curricular strategies, which facilitate intercultural learning and structuring of specific competences; 4 the process and results of an empirical research study, which reveal subjects’ expectances and opinions (didactic staff, specialists in intercultural education, students attending Social Sciences regarding the curricular development, from the perspective of intercultural education methodology.

  3. Adventure Stories for Reading, Learning and Literacy Cross-curricular resources for the primary school

    CERN Document Server

    Leicester, Mal

    2010-01-01

    Takes a unique approach to cross-curricular teaching in the primary classroom. Providing eight original adventure stories, this title builds up a suite of resources and activities for teachers to use in the classroom

  4. The Participation of Girls and Boys from Ages 10 to 18 in Structured Sports and Extra-Curricular Activities in the Aspect of Social and Economic Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitruk Agnieszka

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The importance of socio-economic factors in differentiating the physical activities of children and teenagers keeps changing. That is why the goal of this research was to identify certain social variables amongst those listed most often which differentiate the level of targeted physical activity of urban children and youths from the Bialskie district. Material and methods. The research was conducted on 1.084 students between the ages of 10 and 18. Three age groups were chosen: 10 to 12, 13 to 15, and 16 to 18. Information about the attendance of respondents in Physical Education classes and structured extra-curricular sport activities, as well as preferred forms of physical activities were collected via a diagnostic survey. The same method was used in the assessment of the socio-economic status of the families of the respondents. The relations between attendance in extra-curricular sports activities and socio-economic factors was assessed by a multifactoral logistic regression model, and the statistical relevance of the differences was calculated by the Wald test. Results. Attendance in structured extra-curricular physical activity depended mostly on income per family member. In the case of type of work performed by parents, the attendance rate in both boys and girls was higher if the parents performed intellectual work. Parents' education and number of children in the family did not have a high influence on the attendance of respondents in structured extra-curricular sport activities. Conclusions. Increasing disproportions in societal prosperity can be an important factor limiting the attendance of the poorest group of children and youths in structured physical activities. The lack of influence on physical activity of such socio-economic variables as parents' education and the number of children in the family can be connected with the change of meaning of those factors in modern society (depreciation of the importance of higher

  5. Curricular Renewal at the Southern Tip of Africa: The 2016 Veterinary Curriculum at the University of Pretoria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irons, Peter C; Holm, Dietmar E; Annandale, C Henry

    2017-01-01

    Four years after the institution of a new curriculum at the University of Pretoria's Faculty of Veterinary Science, a second major curricular renewal was initiated as a result of several pressing drivers, many of which were unique to the national and institutional context. During the project, South African higher education was disrupted by student protests prompted by financial pressures on students, the overt colonial structure of higher education, and the need to accelerate transformation of the sector. A structured curricular renewal process was followed, including the laying down of the principles, the structuring the macro-curriculum as a story, the design of a meso- and micro-curriculum, and the mapping of the curriculum to Day One outcomes. The resulting program is a 6-year bachelor's degree with a blend of discipline and species modules, with the first cohort graduating in 2016. There is a strong focus on skills embodied in a 62-week experiential component, managed using a unique custom-designed online platform for booking placements, documenting exposure, assessing competency, and providing feedback to students. The experiential training includes a large elective component. Several causes of loss of impetus during the process are discussed and proposals are made for avoiding these. The value of accreditation as a driver and a source of inputs is evident. The process has succeeded in producing a significantly reshaped curriculum that has been well received by external stakeholders.

  6. Una mirada a la planificación estratégica curricular

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    Navarro, Yasmile

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación tiene como objetivo fundamental explorar la planificación curricular de la educación formal en su devenir histórico a partir de las teorías curriculares y disciplinas auxiliares. La metodología de la investigación es descriptiva documental sustentada en autores de reconocida trayectoria en los temas de planificación, currículo y planificación curricular, entre los que destacan Peñaloza (1995, Taba (1984, Tyler (1982, Díaz Barriga (1984, Arnaz (1981, López (2001, Corredor (2004, Ander-Egg (2004, Jáuregui (1988, Villarroel (1990, Orta de Useche y Useche (2000, Iafrancesco (2004, Correa de Molina (2004, Vílchez (1995 y Tobón et al. (2006. Los resultados evidencian que la planificación curricular surge a partir de la década de los veinte y se sistematiza a mediados de los cincuenta. A partir de entonces se define el currículo como plan, al tiempo que se asumen los enfoques vigentes de planificación administrativa, ésta última inicialmente relacionada más con la organización de estrategias instruccionales y recursos didácticos que como instrumento orientador del desarrollo curricular. En décadas posteriores, diversos autores han propuesto la planificación curricular con una visión estratégica. Se concluye que el currículo responde fundamentalmente a la perspectiva de los planificadores curriculares. Se propone considerar al currículo como una estrategia que se formule, ejecute y evalúe de acuerdo a un plan estratégico institucional que oriente la gestión curricular.

  7. La profesionalización del recurso humano policial. Aspectos curriculares que se deben contemplar

    OpenAIRE

    María Gabriela Arce Navarro

    2008-01-01

    This article develops a proposal of curricular organization which guarantees the accomplishment of the objectives, goals and functions entrusted to the National Police School, organization chartered to form and train the people in charge of the citizen security of our country. The proposal considers elements not established by this educative center yet, contributing with significant curricular advances for the future implementation. On the other hand, it describes the components that characte...

  8. Tuning-América Latina y su compatibilidad con el modelo curricular cubano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca Vega Miche

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar cómo las competencias genéricas acordadas por el proyecto Tuning son compatibles con el modelo curricular cubano que persigue la formación integral del profesional. Se valora a partir de la experiencia de la licenciatura de química el desarrollo de las habilidades y capacidades de Tuning a partir de las diferentes actividades curriculares.

  9. Standard practice for prediction of the long-term behavior of materials, including waste forms, used in engineered barrier systems (EBS) for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2007-01-01

    1.1 This practice describes test methods and data analyses used to develop models for the prediction of the long-term behavior of materials, such as engineered barrier system (EBS) materials and waste forms, used in the geologic disposal of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and other high-level nuclear waste in a geologic repository. The alteration behavior of waste form and EBS materials is important because it affects the retention of radionuclides by the disposal system. The waste form and EBS materials provide a barrier to release either directly (as in the case of waste forms in which the radionuclides are initially immobilized), or indirectly (as in the case of containment materials that restrict the ingress of groundwater or the egress of radionuclides that are released as the waste forms and EBS materials degrade). 1.1.1 Steps involved in making such predictions include problem definition, testing, modeling, and model confirmation. 1.1.2 The predictions are based on models derived from theoretical considerat...

  10. Discutindo o conceito de inovação curricular na formação dos profissionais de saúde: o longo caminho para as transformações no ensino médico Discussing the concept of curricular innovation in the training of health professionals: the long road towards the changes in medical education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Maria Brant Ribeiro

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é produto do trabalho de investigação sobre iniciativas de inovação curricular, com base nas Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais (DCN, em escolas médicas públicas de Minas Gerais e do Rio de Janeiro, uma delas vinculada ao Programa de Incentivo às Mudanças Curriculares no Ensino Médico (Promed. Ressaltam-se três questões na análise do material empírico, uma de natureza metodológica, outra de natureza política e uma última de natureza histórico-cultural e científica, correspondendo ao que se apresenta neste artigo: a discussão sobre o conceito de inovação; os desdobramentos da análise das falas que possibilitaram mapear a situação atual da formação do estudante de medicina nas instituições selecionadas, traçando um quadro da visão e das concepções pedagógicas de educação médica e do nível de conhecimento das DCN, sob o ponto de vista de professores e estudantes; e as expectativas dos estudantes quanto à sua formação relacionada ao mundo do trabalho. A metodologia adotada segue os princípios da pesquisa qualitativa, razão pela qual a técnica de entrevista utilizada é o grupo focal, que oferece material empírico, analisado teoricamente, e que retorna aos atores (professores, gestores e estudantes em atividades práticas com vista às inovações curriculares.This article is a product of research work about initiatives of curricular innovation based on the National Curricular Guidelines (DCN and carried out in State medical schools in the states of Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. One of these schools is connected with the Programme to Promote Curricular Changes in Medical Education (Promed. In the analysis of the empirical material, three questions - respectively of a methodological, political and historic-cultural and scientific nature - correspond to what we present in this article, namely: the discussion about the innovation concept; the various developments of the analysis of the speeches

  11. Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaessgen, Edward H.; Schoeppner, Gregory A.

    2006-01-01

    NASA Langley Research Center has successfully developed an electron beam freeform fabrication (EBF3) process, a rapid metal deposition process that works efficiently with a variety of weldable alloys. The EBF3 process can be used to build a complex, unitized part in a layer-additive fashion, although the more immediate payoff is for use as a manufacturing process for adding details to components fabricated from simplified castings and forgings or plate products. The EBF3 process produces structural metallic parts with strengths comparable to that of wrought product forms and has been demonstrated on aluminum, titanium, and nickel-based alloys to date. The EBF3 process introduces metal wire feedstock into a molten pool that is created and sustained using a focused electron beam in a vacuum environment. Operation in a vacuum ensures a clean process environment and eliminates the need for a consumable shield gas. Advanced metal manufacturing methods such as EBF3 are being explored for fabrication and repair of aerospace structures, offering potential for improvements in cost, weight, and performance to enhance mission success for aircraft, launch vehicles, and spacecraft. Near-term applications of the EBF3 process are most likely to be implemented for cost reduction and lead time reduction through addition of details onto simplified preforms (casting or forging). This is particularly attractive for components with protruding details that would require a significantly large volume of material to be machined away from an oversized forging, offering significant reductions to the buy-to-fly ratio. Future far-term applications promise improved structural efficiency through reduced weight and improved performance by exploiting the layer-additive nature of the EBF3 process to fabricate tailored unitized structures with functionally graded microstructures and compositions.

  12. Estágio curricular supervisionado: análise da experiência discente

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    Tiago Cristiano de Lima

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudo qualitativo cujo objetivo foi analisar a experiência de estudantes no desenvolvimento das atividades do Estágio Curricular Supervisionado do curso de graduação em enfermagem de uma universidade pública do estado de São Paulo. O material foi constituído pelo relatório final dos discentes sobre o estágio desenvolvido. A análise documental foi utilizada para compreender as experiências vivenciadas pelos estudantes. Foram analisados seis documentos, utilizando-se como referencial a análise de conteúdo temático, na tentativa de identificar significados e obter inferências sobre os documentos produzidos. Os relatos permitiram concluir que a experiência dos discentes foi positiva, contribuindo para a construção de um elo entre a teoria oferecida pela universidade e a prática do serviço. O crescimento pessoal e profissional obtido foi referido pelos estudantes como fundamental para se sentirem capacitados a atuar como profissionais seguros e competentes.

  13. Problemas eticos vivenciados no estagio curricular supervisionado em Enfermagem de um curriculo integrado

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    Juliane Cristina Burgatti

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudo exploratório, de abordagem qualitativa, com o objetivo de analisar a repercussão do estágio curricular supervisionado no desenvolvimento da dimensão ética da competência de graduandos em Enfermagem. Entrevistas semiestruturadas foram realizadas com 28 estudantes, docentes e enfermeiros colaboradores de uma instituição de ensino superior pública do estado de São Paulo, no período de outubro de 2010 a março de 2011. O material empírico resultante foi submetido à técnica de análise de discurso e resultou nas categorias empíricas: a preservação da autonomia; a responsabilidade social e o respeito nas relações intersubjetivas na produção do cuidado em saúde e no processo de ensino e aprendizagem; a terapêutica e o cuidado a partir da dimensão ética; a responsabilidade pública e a justiça social. Concluiu-se que o estágio que utiliza a problematização como método de ensino e aprendizagem proporciona a reflexão crítica sobre a prática profissional, os serviços e o sistema de saúde.

  14. Teaching optics with an intra-curricular kit designed for inquiry-based learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cords, Nina; Fischer, Robert; Euler, Manfred; Prasad, Amrita

    2012-01-01

    In order to increase scientific literacy and the knowledge of science and technology of Europe's citizens, the European Commission suggests a more student-centred implementation of natural sciences in education systems. Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is not only an accepted method to promote students' interest and motivation, it also helps students learn the scientific method and fosters their research skills. However, IBL is rarely used in European classrooms. The main reason is that due to the strict curricula teachers do not have the time for preparation and they do not feel well equipped and trained in the use of IBL methods in class. The Photonics Explorer programme addresses these problems on the European level. Within the programme, a pan-European collaboration of professors, teachers and photonics experts have developed the Photonics Explorer kit for the teaching of optics and light-related topics in physics across various European secondary school curricula. It is designed for intra-curricular use and contains specially designed, hands-on experimental components, worksheets based on guided IBL and multimedia material. Additionally, the kit provides a teacher guide with a suggested lesson outline and sufficient background information for each topic.

  15. The Curricular Reform of Art Education in Primary School in Slovenia in Terms of Certain Components of the European Competence of Cultural Awareness and Expression

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    Rajka Bračun Sova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the important positions of the last curricular reform in Slovenia, which included systemic issues of education (White Paper on Education, 2011 and curricula for compulsory subjects in primary school, is the fact that Slovenia has been integrated into Europe, and thus education should also include the development of core European competences. One such competence is cultural awareness and expression, which until now has been an issue more in the context of cultural policies than school policies in Slovenia. The purpose of the present article is to critically analyse the curricular reform of art education (i.e., visual art education, through which, in terms of certain components of the competence of cultural awareness and expression, it is foreseen that the student will gain a knowledge of art, develop an ability to experience works of art and develop a creative attitude towards art and heritage. Because the starting point and goal of curricular change is the curriculum, our analysis is derived from curriculum theories, and not from the art theories and pedagogical theories that have predominantly framed previous attempts at curriculum analysis. Critical consideration of the curricular reform of art education in primary school in terms of certain components of the competence of cultural awareness and expression was undertaken by comparing curricula in the field of aesthetic education. We compared art education with music education and literature within the Slovenian language curriculum. Qualitative analysis showed that, despite the reform, the curriculum for arts education does not realise selected components of the competence of cultural awareness and expression, largely due to the curriculum’s conceptual structure. Art education is centred principally on art-making activities, with an obvious neglect of appreciation. The integration of arts subjects at school, as proposed by the White Paper, is therefore not possible, due to the existing

  16. Multiple Intelligences within the Cross-Curricular Approach

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    Anthoula Vaiou

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study was realized in a Greek 6th grade State Primary School class and was based on Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences, which was first introduced in 1983. More particularly, it was explored to what extent the young learners possess multiple intelligences through the use of a specially-designed questionnaire and a series of interviews. The findings of the above have served as a tool to the construction of a project work based on students’ learning preferences within a cross-curricular framework, easily applicable to the Greek State School curriculum. All learners were activated to participate within a school environment that traditionally promotes linguistic and mathematical skills matching dominant multiple intelligences or a combination of some of them to thematic units already taught by Greek teachers. The suggested project was assessed through observation and student portfolio, showing that the young learners’ multiple intelligences were exploited to a great extent, promoting the learning process satisfactorily. The results of this study can provide a contribution to the literature of multiple intelligences in the Greek reality and suggest a need for further consideration and exploration in the field. Finally, the researcher of this study hopes the present work could function as a springboard for more elaborated studies in the future.

  17. CURRICULAR DESIGN FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A PEACE CULTURE

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    Raiza González

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This investigation had as purpose from the analysis of the contributions of sciences of the conduct, pedagogical and spiritual, to apply a curricular design for the development of competitions  in the educational one like mediator of a culture of peace in the classroom. study was descriptive, of action-reflection-intervention in the modality of study of case with application of tests you diagnose, observation log, shootings, psicoterapéuticas interviews, techniques and factories, considering the analysis units: documents and   students. The population was represented by the students of the Elective I: mention Sciences and Technology of the Education. The results revealed that educational as mediating of a peace culture must demonstrate competitions of knowing, doing, to coexist and to be; in the field of the Neurolingüística; conflict mediation; familiar constellations; psiconeuroimunología; support psycotherapy; intelligence  interpersonal, emotional and naturista; abilities for the negotiation and cooperation; responsibility, respect, discipline, honesty, gratitude, coherence, empathy, spiritual development,  faith and nonviolence.

  18. Proyecto curricular institucional: Una alternativa para el cambio

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    Ruth Vallejo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Enfrentar el desafío de la construcción del proyecto curricular institucional representa para la educación de este milenio una prioridad, esto sin lugar a dudas, requiere de un cambio en la estructura organizativa y de gestión en cada plantel; el Currículo Básico Nacional, en marcha, representa un avance significativo, para superar esta situación. Para que esta reforma constituya una alternativa válida, es necesario abordar la formación del docente de forma sistemática, continúa desde su praxis por medio de la investigación-acción, utilizando herramientas metodológicas para el diagnóstico y acompañando todo el proceso con una evaluación institucional que al mismo tiempo que se analiza e implementa permita la formación de los actores involucrados; la revisión y los ajustes permanentes conducen a la construcción de aproximaciones sucesivas que con el trabajo concertado garantizan la viabilidad del proyecto. Se recomienda asumirlo con un carácter cíclico y dinámico para decidir si se puede o no mantener a la luz de los cambios que ocurran dentro y fuera del proceso.

  19. Deconstructing the I and SLA in ISLA: One curricular approach

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    Ronald P. Leow

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Instructed second language acquisition (ISLA has been referenced in the larger field of the SLA literature for over two and a half decades. Currently, there are several theoretical underpinnings accounting for processes assumed to play a role in ISLA and quite an impressive number of studies have empirically addressed some aspect(s of ISLA. Recently, a lengthy and relatively cohesive treatise of this substrand of SLA research in relation to both theoretical, empirical, and pedagogical perspectives has been published in two books (cf. Leow, 2015a; Loewen, 2015, and a new model of the L2 learning process in ISLA has been proposed (Leow, 2015a. These publications are timely and important given that the concept of ISLA not only needs to be clearly defined but also situated contextually. To this end, this article (a revisits current definitions of ISLA in the SLA literature with the aim of identifying specific features of ISLA that underlie such definitions, (b deconstructs ISLA by probing deeper into what comprises the terms instructed and SLA in ISLA, (c provides a brief summary of the cognitive processes and variables postulated by the theoretical underpinnings of ISLA and pertinent empirical research, (d recommends that ISLA be observed from one curricular approach together with its empirical and pedagogical ramifications, and (e provides some measure of direction future ISLA research may follow.

  20. CONSTRUINDO UM MODELO CURRICULAR INTEGRADO PARA A EJA/FIC

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    Raimundo Nonato O. Furtado

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho apresenta um modelo possível de desenvolvimento estrutural curricular integral, composto a partir da experiência dos autores, com o Projeto Mulheres Mil – Educação, Cidadania e Desenvolvimento Sustentável, Sub-Projeto “Desenvolvimento Comunitário: Impacto na Qualidade de Vida e Ambiental”, firmado pela parceria SETEC/MEC e o Group Collegia, do Quebec, Canadá. O Projeto Mulheres Mil foi inicialmente desenhado para execução da Rede Norte-Nordeste dos ex-CEFETs, hoje Institutos Federais, com execução a partir de 2008, no Instituto Federal da Paraíba, Campus João Pessoa. Teve o objetivo de apoiar, na prática, um dos modelos de políticas de inclusão social, revestido, na forma inicial, pelo Reconhecimento da Aprendizagem Prévia, tendo como alvo pessoas fora da faixa etária da escolaridade regular, trabalhadoras e, sem exceção, mulheres.

  1. O comportamento informacional no estágio curricular

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    Sandra Regina Moitinho Lage

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de investigar o comportamento informacional no desenvolvimento do estágio curricular obrigatório dos alunos de um curso de graduação em Biblioteconomia, realizou-se este estudo. Um questionário foi aplicado para 20 estagiários, investigando as suas necessidades de informação, as formas e as fontes em que buscam a informação e o uso que dela fazem. Dentre os principais resultados constatou-se que os participantes percebem a relação da teoria aprendida em sala de aula quando enfrentam situações no ambiente de estágio, e que este ambiente sempre possibilita a interação na troca de conhecimentos e experiências. A fonte de informação mais utilizada no desenvolvimento das atividades no estágio são os colegas de sala de aula. No entanto, a internet, livros, artigos e os professores merecem destaque. Para muitos participantes o estágio contribuiu de alguma forma, atendendo às expectativas para aquisição de novos conhecimentos e experiências práticas importantes.

  2. A Pharmacotherapy Capstone Course to Target Student Learning and Programmatic Curricular Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saseen, Joseph J; Linnebur, Sunny A; Borgelt, Laura M; Trujillo, Jennifer; Fish, Douglas N; Mueller, Scott

    2017-04-01

    Objective. To describe how a pharmacotherapy capstone course was used for student learning and programmatic curricular assessment. Design. A pharmacotherapy capstone course was included in the University of Colorado curriculum for 13 years from 2002 through 2014. This 9-credit hour course was the last course prior to Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPEs). Students were held accountable for prior learning using complex patient cases and other activities that are seen in APPEs. Application of knowledge, skills, and critical thinking were integrated in this course using exclusively active learning methodologies. Students were expected to actively participate and learn independently, from peers and through self-assessment. Assessment. Evidence of student learning was demonstrated based on student performance on written and verbal evaluations analyzed from 2012 to 2014. Survey and self-evaluation data indicated that students learned within the course. An increase in student confidence in critical thinking, problem-solving, decision making, and lifelong learning was also seen during APPEs. Student performance in this course prompted changes to prerequisite courses and guided development of a renewed curriculum. Conclusion. The University of Colorado pharmacotherapy capstone course prepared students for the rigor of APPEs, provided insight that facilitated improvements in prerequisite courses, and was a nexus for the development of a renewed curriculum, which includes a new clinical capstone course.

  3. A formação prática de professores no estágio curricular Practical curricular training of teachers

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    Helena Maria dos Santos Felício

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Partindo da premissa de que a dimensão prática deve ser considerada na formação inicial de professores, entendemos que o Estágio Curricular, se bem fundamentado, estruturado e orientado, configura-se como um momento relevante na perspectiva curricular do processo de formação prática dos futuros professores. Dessa forma, o presente artigo apresenta algumas reflexões e discussões, oriundas de uma investigação qualitativa, sobre a importância e o papel do Estágio Curricular na formação prática de alunos. Os sujeitos desta pesquisa são alunos concluintes do Curso Normal Superior da Universidade do Vale do Paraíba (UNIVAP. A partir da interpretação de diferentes autores(LIMA, 2001; TARDIF, 2002; PIMENTA, 2001; GÓMEZ, 2000, compreendemos a prática enquanto práxis, uma vez que, permeada por um processo de reflexão, ela pode ser construída e reconstruída, objetivando a transformação da realidade escolar. Sendo assim, evidenciamos, nos relatórios apresentados e nos discursos dos alunos, as aprendizagens práticas consideradas construídas durante o estágio. Analisamos os dados recolhidos, à luz da teoria estudada sobre a formação prática e profissional dos professores. Identificamos os aspectos favoráveis e desfavoráveis da realização do estágio curricular na dimensão de ser um espaço/tempo, também destinado à construção de conhecimentos práticos na formação dos professores. E, finalmente, propomos novas perspectivas para a orientação e realização do estágio curricular na formação de professores, centradas na relevância da formação prática e na articulação entre todas as disciplinas do curso de formação.Based on the premise that the practical dimension must be considered in the initial training of teachers, we understand that curricular training, if well founded, structured and oriented, is relevant to the curricular outlook of the practical training process for future teachers. This article

  4. Contributions of co-curricular summer research programs to my professional growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, K. D.

    2014-12-01

    The co-curricular summer research program, in which I was involved over three summers as an undergraduate student, greatly benefited me. In this paper I will briefly describe the program and how the experience contributed to my value and growth. The U.S. Department of Energy operated the Global Change Education Program (GCEP), from 1999-2013, as an outreach to both undergraduate and graduate students. Its goals were to: provide students with hands-on research experience in a one-on-one setting with leaders in global change fields, encourage undergraduate students to enter graduate school, and increase the number of high quality U.S. scientists. I took part in GCEP as a Summer Undergraduate Research Experience (SURE) Fellow. Each Fellow was teamed with a scientist to conduct research over the summer. I spent one summer at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, WA working with Dr. William Shaw. The next two summers I spent working at Aerodyne Research, Inc. in Billerica, MA with Dr. Leah Williams. My experiences as a SURE Fellow have benefitted me in many ways. The research presentations, required of SURE Fellows, helped to improve my presentation skills. The GCEP workshops expanded the scope of my knowledge about global change impacts at all scales. I was involved in two large, collaborative field studies, which provided experiences and examples that have helped me lead my own field studies. I took part in well-functioning research teams, helping me see the value of open communication in collaborative work. My critical and analytical thinking abilities were continually honed. My problem solving skills were challenged in laboratory and field work. I worked with talented professionals and students that are now part of my professional network. My contributions resulted in being a coauthor on two peer-reviewed publications. I was able to experience research teams outside of academia, which included government and private sectors. The time spent as a SURE

  5. Questioning collectives and agencies: a commentary on curricular choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Jenny

    2015-06-01

    This commentary explores theoretical alternatives for viewing the problem identified by Volny Fages and Virginie Albe in their article entitled Social issues in nanoscience and nanotechnology Master's degrees: The socio-political stakes of curricular choices. An approach to social research is suggested that would render visible the associations maintaining the states of affairs depicted by Fages and Albe. In their research, Fages and Albe identified conceptions of the relationship between scientific endeavour and social concerns to be at the root of "choices" made by coordinators of Masters programs in nano science and technology in universities selected for their study. Albe and Fages, insiders in the sense that they take responsibility for a particular program within one such course, convey their belief that, "future scientists need to identify, accept and take on board the social responsibilities linked to their own practice of science, and to work collectively for a more democratic division of power regarding socio-technical choices". However, many of the Master's programs reviewed in their research were reported as providing limited opportunities for their students to critically engage with social aspects of scientific work. This commentary questions the notion of "choices" used in their research and proposes Actor-Network Theory as a theoretical framework open to the existence of various human and non-human agencies at work when a "choice" is made. The aim of the commentary is to further Fages and Albe's agenda by calling for understanding and ultimately a reassembling of the state of affairs in a way that would be acceptable to those invested.

  6. Competency-based curricular design to encourage significant learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurtubise, Larry; Roman, Brenda

    2014-07-01

    Most significant learning (SL) experiences produce long-lasting learning experiences that meaningfully change the learner's thinking, feeling, and/or behavior. Most significant teaching experiences involve strong connections with the learner and recognition that the learner felt changed by the teaching effort. L. Dee Fink in Creating Significant Learning Experiences: An Integrated Approach to Designing College Course defines six kinds of learning goals: Foundational Knowledge, Application, Integration, Human Dimension, Caring, and Learning to Learn. SL occurs when learning experiences promote interaction between the different kinds of goals, for example, acquiring knowledge alone is not enough, but when paired with a learning experience, such as an effective patient experience as in Caring, then significant (and lasting) learning occurs. To promote SL, backward design principles that start with clearly defined learning goals and the context of the situation of the learner are particularly effective. Emphasis on defining assessment methods prior to developing teaching/learning activities is the key: this ensures that assessment (where the learner should be at the end of the educational activity/process) drives instruction and that assessment and learning/instruction are tightly linked so that assessment measures a defined outcome (competency) of the learner. Employing backward design and the AAMC's MedBiquitous standard vocabulary for medical education can help to ensure that curricular design and redesign efforts effectively enhance educational program quality and efficacy, leading to improved patient care. Such methods can promote successful careers in health care for learners through development of self-directed learning skills and active learning, in ways that help learners become fully committed to lifelong learning and continuous professional development. Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Adopting Mobile Learning in Tertiary Environments: Instructional, Curricular and Organizational Matters

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    Peter Petocz

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This qualitative study looked at the instructional, curricular and organizational factors impacting on the adoption of mobile learning in a higher education institution. Academics expressed their views on a variety of educational issues likely to enhance or hinder the effectiveness of the innovation. Teachers requested more professional development in a number of key areas including the integration of the technology into teaching and learning. Likewise, resolving vital issues such as workload, equity to access and effective policy making were seen as key to successful adoption. Technical issues such as having good wireless connectivity, need for efficient technical support, access to mobile devices and an understanding of their operational limitations with respect to desk/laptops were also highlighted. The study revealed a number of alternative perceptions and misconceptions, about articulating effective mobile learning pedagogies. For instance, staff expressed concerns about the risk of exposing students to superficial learning when mobile learning experiences were not well designed, the prospect that the devices might distract students from learning, as well as a possible deterioration of the quality of interaction between academics and students. Recommendations to reconcile those alternative conceptions with best practice principles are outlined.

  8. Los programas de diversificación curricular desde la transversalidad

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    María Ángeles PASCUAL SEVILLANO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La enseñanza en la diversidad requiere ante todo de una innovación curricular que apueste por un proceso y contexto educativo que se adapte al individuo. Introducir en la enseñanza los intereses provocados de la propuesta de los ejes transversales no significa desplazar las materias curriculares, sino diseñar los objetivos y contenidos propios de las áreas curriculares para que puedan adquirirse y desarrollarse desde la transversalidad, permitiendo así un mayor acercamiento y contextualización con la realidades cada estudiante y con los conflictos y problemas del mundo contemporáneo y, a la vez dotándolos de un valor funcional inmediato respecto a la comprensión y posible transformación de esa realidad y de esos conflictos. En este sentido los aspectos que tratan de incorporarse no son algo añadido, pero si novedoso desde el momento en que se introduce una nueva perspectiva, y se evita el riesgo, a veces tan mencionado, de que la transversalidad aparezca sutilmente desdibujada. Los ejes transversales bajo este nuevo planteamiento implicarán una importante transformación de las áreas curriculares de acuerdo con las expectativas de los tiempos presentes y la adecuación a las posibilidades de comprensión del alumnado. Esto será así, si los enfoques transversales, que constituyen el centro de las actuales preocupaciones sociales de las áreas curriculares, se convierten en el núcleo en torno a los cuales gira la programación de las áreas curriculares, las cuales se convertirán entonces en los instrumentos necesarios para la consecución de las finalidades deseadas.ABSTRACT: The Education in the diversity requires of a curricular innovation that bet on a process and educational context that is adapted to the individual. To introduce in the teaching the provoked interest of the proposal of the transverse shafts does not mean to displace the curricular matters, and yes to design the objectives and own contents of the

  9. El diseño curricular y la planeación estrategica

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Silvestre Aranda Barradas; Edgar Salgado Manjarrez

    2005-01-01

    El diseño curricular es un proceso que deben efectuar las instituciones de educación superior con cierta frecuencia a fin de ampliar o actualizar su oferta educativa. El resultado del diseño curricular es el documento donde se explicitan la organización, operación y evaluación integral de la formación propuesta, esto es, el currículo. La fase de planeación en el diseño curricular es de suma importancia porque de ésta depende la correcta operación, o en todo caso la operación reduciendo riesgo...

  10. INNOVACION CURRICULAR EN TURISMO: UN CAMPO DE ESTUDIO Y REFERENTES PARA LA FORMACIÓN UNIVERSITARIA

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    Lucía M. Collado Medina

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta un panorama de la investigación curricular en turismo reportada en México y otros países, principalmente latinoamericanos. Se definen tendencias, impactos, alcances, pautas de problemáticas emergentes, y referentes para aclarar enfoques y modelos de la formación profesional e innovación curricular de este campo. Con base en el método de mapeo se seleccionaron y valoraron las fuentes que sustentan este estudio, mediante las cuales se plantean los retos para la construcción de modelos curriculares innovadores. Se vislumbran nuevos paradigmas inter y transdisciplinarios para abordar curricularmente el caso del turismo. Con respecto a lo anterior, se concluye tomar en cuenta supuestos epistemológicos congruentes con la complejidad y la incertidumbre que subyacen a los modelos de formación en turismo, pertinentes al entorno social y humano.

  11. Multiculturalismo crítico, relações raciais e política curricular: a questão do hibridismo na Escola Sarã

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    Ozerina Oliveira Victor de

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article takes as its point of departure the complex relations between multiculturalism, affirmative action policies e curricular policies. It recognises that curricular policy takes place in a continuous political circle, and emphasises the political text. It asks if curricular policies are formulated from a multicultural perspective with the objective of understanding the appropriation, which political texts make of multiculturalism and by discussing the visibility, or nonvisibility, of non-whites in such texts. It includes an analysis of the political text of the Sarã School which was the result of a curricular reform carried out in the Municipality of Cuiabá-MT, published in 2000. The analysis considers the verbal text as well as its visual images and recognises that in spite of the presence of multicultural characteristics in its pedagogical presumptions, there are gaps in the verbal text and strong indications of ethnocentrism and racism in the visual part. The presence of racial mixture is also found in the visual images, which, together with the relations of power and the different pedagogical postures present in the text, suggest hybridism as one of the possibilities for a multicultural political text. Key words: critical multiculturalism; race relations; curricular policy Mônica Mota Tassigny Ética e ontologia em Lukács e o complexo social da educação Examina algumas das idéias éticas e ontológicas fundamentais de Georg Lukács como fundamento para a reflexão sobre a educação. Os problemas relacionados ao fenômeno da educação suscitam, no atual momento histórico, um interesse cada vez maior, marcado pela crise estrutural geral da forma de sociabilidade regida pelo capital, da qual resultam crises profundas em variadas instâncias da sociedade. Disso deriva a necessidade de superar, no campo da educação, velhas visões unilaterais dos fenômenos educativos contemporâneos. Independentemente do lugar que se lhe

  12. Curricular Units: Powerful Tools to Connect the Syllabus with Students’ Needs and Interests

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    Ariza Ariza Aleida

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available A basic component of any language program is the construction of the curriculum. There is a variety of approaches to curriculum planning and implementation from the technical production perspective to the critical view. The current article emerged from the analysis of the syllabus in a Basic English course in the undergraduate program at Universidad Nacional de Colombia and the design and implementation of a curricular unit. Such unit proved to be a powerful tool to connect what was set in the program, what students needed in terms of language and what they were interested in terms of culture. Key words: Curriculum, Curricular Unit Platform, Constructivism, Teaching- Communicative Language, Task-Based Approach Un componente esencial en un programa de idiomas es la construcción del currículo. Existe una gran variedad de enfoques en términos del diseño y la implementación del currículo; desde una perspectiva reducida a la producción técnica, hasta una visión crítica y transformadora. El presente artículo se gesta a partir tanto del análisis de un programa correspondiente al curso Inglés Básico I en la licenciatura ofrecida por la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, como del diseño y la implementación de una unidad curricular. Dicha unidad curricular se caracterizó por convertirse en una herramienta de conexión entre los contenidos y procedimientos planteados en un programa y las necesidades comunicativas e intereses culturales de los estudiantes. Palabras claves: Currículo, Plataforma Curricular, Unidad Curricular, Constructivismo, Lenguas Extranjeras-Enseñanza Comunicativa, Enfoque basado en Tareas

  13. La construcción de un proyecto curricular para la región Caribe

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    Reynaldo Mora Mora

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este ensayo es sentar algunas consideraciones teóricas y prácticas para la construcción de un Proyecto Curricular para la Región Caribe colombiana, como un hecho educativo-formativo que apunte hacia los procesos de formación integral de sus habitantes. Se parte del análisis de la consideración que tengan los constructores curriculares con respecto a la perspectiva de la “hibridez cultural” en relación con el contexto de la escuela. Se aborda la posibilidad de que este proyecto sea asumido e implementado como estrategia de formación en las instituciones educativas para que haga parte de cultura organizacional de las instituciones educativas en lo referido a la construcción curricular en el marco que propone la legislación educativa colombiana.AbstractThe purpose of this essay is about the setting of some theoretical and practical considerations in order to build a Curricular Project for the Colombian Caribbean Region, as an educational-formative fact that aims towards the whole formation of its inhabitants. We depart from the analysis of the curricular constructors according to the perspective of the ¨cultural mixture¨ in relation to the school context. We consider the possibility that this project is assumed and implemented as a formative strategy in educational institutions so that they become part of the cultural organization of such institutions as a component of the curricular structure in the framework that the Colombian educational legislation demands.

  14. Programa único o diferenciado: especificidad curricular de la escuela rural uruguaya - Common or differentiated school programs: uruguayan rural school curriculum specificity

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    Limber Elbio Santos, Uruguay

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available O artigo se refere ao fenômeno da especificidade curricular que as escolas rurais uruguaias têm tido durante mais de um século e à ruptura histórica registrada em 2009 quando se começou a aplicar uma estrutura curricular comum a escolas urbanas e rurais. Analisam-se as circunstâncias históricas da pedagogia rural e, em particular, uma de suas materialidades simbolicamente mais potentes constituída pelo Programa para Escolas Rurais de 1949. Assim mesmo, refere-se ao peso que essa pedagogia continua tendo atualmente e da maneira como influi na gestão curricular do programa único. As especificidades social e didática da escola rural têm efeitos evidentes sobre o programa curricular no seu sentido mais amplo, com alcances muito mais extensos que os relativos ao currículo prescrito. No entanto, o desafio da escola rural atual de abordar a nova estrutura curricular de caráter único não é tão diferente do que se registrou historicamente: dialogar com o meio de igual para igual e maximizar o potencial de aprendizagem proporcionado pela instituição educacional, pela comunidade e estrutura multidisciplinar do grupo.Palavras-chave: escola rural, currículo, programa, pedagogia rural. COMMON OR DIFFERENTIATED SCHOOL PROGRAMS: URUGUAYAN RURAL SCHOOL CURRICULUM SPECIFICITY AbstractThe paper refers to the phenomenon of the Curriculum specificity to which the Rural Schools had for more than a century inUruguayand to the historic rupture registered in 2009 when a common Curriculum for Rural and Urban schools was introduced. The paper analyses the historic circumstances of the Rural Pedagogy and, in particular, one of its most potent symbolic materiality constituted of the 1949 program for Rural Education. The analysis show that the challenge to current Rural Education is not that different to that registered historically: to dialogue with the environment and take maximum advantage of the potential to learn which is provided by the

  15. Ciencias contábeis, novos rumos , novas diretrizes curriculares

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    Patricia Dantas Trajano

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A nova Lei de Diretrizes e Bases da Educação Nacional, Lei n"9.394, de 20 de dezembro de 1996, em seu artigo 43, enfatiza que a educação superior tem por finalidade precípua a formação de profissionais aptos para inserção no mercado de trabalho e em condições de participarem ativamente do desenvolvimento da sociedade brasileira. Prevê, ainda, o incentivo a pesquisa, a educação continuada, assim como a promoção da divulgação de conhecimentos culturais, científicos e técnicos que constituam patrimônio da humanidade. O inciso II do artigo 53 da mesma Lei concede autonomia as Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES para "fixar os currículos dos seus cursos e programas, observadas as diretrizes gerais pertinentes", o que oferece as IES uma maior flexibilidade na elaboração de seu currículo pleno. A Resolução n2 03/92, do Conselho Federal de Educação, fixa, ate o momento, os mínimos de conteúdo e de duração do curso de graduação em Ciências Contábeis vigentes no pals. Estabelece que o currículo pleno das IES deva definir o perfil profissional a ser formado, em função das atribuições legais que lhe serão conferidas, das peculiaridades e necessidades da região em que as IES se encontram, de suas naturezas e características próprias. O currículo pleno deve ser dividido por disciplinas ou outras atividades curriculares obrigatórias eletivas, nas seguintes categorias de conhecimentos: Categoria I - Conhecimentos de Formação Geral de natureza humanística e social; Categoria II - Conhecimentos de Formação Profissional; Categoria III - Conhecimentos ou Atividades de Formação.

  16. College Curricular Dispersion: More Well-Rounded or Less Well Trained? CEDR Working Paper. WP #2015-6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldhaber, Dan; Cowan, James; Long, Mark; Huntington-Klein, Nick

    2015-01-01

    Students are typically given a large amount of freedom to choose the level of "curricular dispersion": the tight focus or lack thereof in the courses they elect to take while in college. There is little evidence about what predicts students' curricular dispersion, whether it affects later college or labor force outcomes, or, in fact, how…

  17. The instrumentation of informatics curricular strategy in the subject Algebra I in Mathematic – Physics career.

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    Neisy Rodríguez Morales

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article shows the theoretical elements related with the conception of the curricular strategies and its instrumentation in the process of the student's of the Mathematical career formation - Physics. Examples are presented that demonstrate how to deal with the computer science's curricular strategy from the teaching process - learning of the subject Algebra I in the third year of the career. They give the possibility that the formation process be more effective, they facilitate the systematizing knowledge and abilities as well as the development of the integral general culture in the future professors of Mathematics - Physics.

  18. La reestructuración curricular en la Facultad de Ingeniería

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    Guillermo Sánchez Bolívar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A principios del año 1987 en la Facultad de Ingeniería se inición la ejecución del Plan de reestructuración y capacitación curricular, el cual tenía como objetivos, reestructurar los currículos de los programas de pregrado y capacitar a los profesores en aspectos curriculares y pedagógicos que les permitieron mejorar su desempeño como docentes.

  19. Historical trends of the curricular design of the comprehensive discipline in Biology-geography major

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    Renier Mejías Salazar

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes one of the results of the research project “framework enlargement of adult continuing education in environmental education” at the University of Camagüey. A historical study was conducted to account for the trend in curricular design of the comprehensive discipline in Biology-geography major. The study takes into account emerging indicators resulting from the dialectical relation between education-development and personal development and framework construction. These methods lead to identify the trends afore mentioned as a contribution to the theory of curricular design.

  20. El significado institucional pretendido sobre el objeto de estudio probabilidad. Un enfoque curricular

    OpenAIRE

    Bustos, María; Rocha, Pedro

    2008-01-01

    El documento para el área de Matemáticas de la serie Lineamientos Curriculares (MEN, 1998) es una directriz legal, conceptual y metodológica para el diseño, gestión y evaluación de los procesos de formación que adelantan los educadores matemáticos colombianos. En este sentido y particularmente en lo que se refiere al pensamiento aleatorio y su desarrollo, el Proyecto Curricular LEBEM9 brinda un espacio de formación para el estudio de los objetos estocásticos. En esta investigación se presenta...

  1. Valoración del diseño curricular del programa de Salud Pública como disciplina Assessment of the Curricular Design of the Health Public Syllabus as a discipline

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    Ana Carmen Valdés Vento

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Se refleja una valoración del Diseño Curricular del programa de Salud Pública como disciplina que se imparte en el 5to. año de la carrera de Medicina, teniendo como base las experiencias de la aplicación del nuevo programa de la estancia de Salud Pública desde 1996 en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Se considera que para su elaboración se tomaron los modelos de diseño curricular que más se acercan a los planes de estudio de la Educación Médica Superior Cubana. Se concluye que para su formulación se tuvo en cuenta el perfil de salida de nuestro egresado de Ciencias Médicas (Médico General Básico, y el tributo a la disciplina general integradora (Medicina General Integral, permitiendo el desarrollo de habilidades prácticas en la comunidad, con una organización modular y la utilización del método problémico como forma de enseñanza. Se sugiere que el método de evaluación del análisis de la situación de salud debe perfeccionarse para lograr un mayor desempeño creativo e investigativo del educando, lo cual puede materializarse utilizando la flexibilidad que facilita el programa. La sistematicidad en el funcionamiento de los colectivos de asignatura y los Comités Horizontales y Verticales garantizarán el cumplimiento de los objetivos propuestos.An assessment of the Curricular Design of the Public Health Syllabus as a discipline that is taught in the 5th year of the medical career is made, taking into account the experiences of the application of the new syllabus of the Public Health training since 1996 in the Medical Faculty of Pinar del Río. The curricular design models closer to the Cuban Medical Higher Education syllabuses were used. It is concluded that the final profile of our medical graduates (Basic General Doctor and the tribute to the comprehensive general discipline (Comprehensive General Medicine were considered for its formulation, allowing the development of practical abilities in the

  2. Promoting critical consciousness and social mobilization in HIV/AIDS programmes: lessons and curricular tools from a South African intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatcher, Abigail; de Wet, Jacques; Bonell, Christopher Philip; Strange, Vicki; Phetla, Godfrey; Proynk, Paul M; Kim, Julia C; Morison, Linda; Porter, John D H; Busza, Joanna; Watts, Charlotte; Hargreaves, James R

    2011-06-01

    The development of critical consciousness is seen as a key stage in communities increasing levels of dialogue about priority problems and effecting structural change for health. However, relatively little research identifies concrete methods for programmes to build critical consciousness. We examined how a South African structural intervention used critical consciousness as a tool for prevention of intimate partner violence and HIV infection. We collected qualitative data in the form of in-depth interviews with managers, trainers, and participants of the Intervention with Microfinance for AIDS and Gender Equity intervention (IMAGE) in rural South Africa. The data were analysed through a coding structure developed in QSR NVivo. We draw practical lessons from IMAGE to guide other HIV programmes aiming to promoting critical consciousness and social mobilization. This research suggests that specific curricular tools can work towards critical consciousness and that mobilization efforts in future programmes can be strengthened by including individual and collective efforts by participants.

  3. Recommendations for conducting controlled clinical studies of dental restorative materials. Science Committee Project 2/98--FDI World Dental Federation study design (Part I) and criteria for evaluation (Part II) of direct and indirect restorations including onlays and partial crowns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickel, Reinhard; Roulet, Jean-François; Bayne, Stephen; Heintze, Siegward D; Mjör, Ivar A; Peters, Mathilde; Rousson, Valentin; Randall, Ros; Schmalz, Gottfried; Tyas, Martin; Vanherle, Guido

    2007-01-01

    clinical trial designs, guidelines for design, randomization, number of subjects, characteristics of participants, clinical assessment, standards and calibration, categories for assessment, criteria for evaluation, and supplemental documentation. Part 2 of the review considers categories of assessment for esthetic evaluation, functional assessment, biological responses to restorative materials, and statistical analysis of results. The overall review represents a considerable effort to include a range of clinical research interests over the past years. As part of the recognition of the importance of these suggestions, the review is being published simultaneously in identical form in both the Journal of Adhesive Dentistry and Clinical Oral Investigations. Additionally, an extended abstract will be published in the International Dental Journal, giving a link to the web full version. This should help to introduce these considerations more quickly to the scientific community.

  4. Competencias en educación: Ideas para el diseño curricular desde la deliberación práctica y crítica, basada en el desarrollo humano y la transformación social / Competences in Education: Curricular Design Ideas from Critical and Practical-Deliberation based on Human Development and Social Transformation

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    María Isabel Araya Muñoz

    2011-06-01

    to provide highly qualified professionals, with the knowledge and abilities needed according to the scientific and technological advances.  In view of such demands of the economic and productive reality, the educational systems present their curricular proposals under the flag of competencies. Such proposals have increased the contents, since functions or tasks are adapted from other contexts, based on expertise, without deeper studies on the real situation of the curricular sources. This paper demonstrates the importance of considering that an educational project based on professional competencies should be visualized as the individual’s comprehensive educational process.  The competences approach is discussed from the point of view of education, which includes theory and practice, bringing closer the academic contents and the job activity, differing from the necessity of reasoning the competencies in education as a means to combine knowledge and experience. It is not only about being able to manage specific tasks in a future job, but about also finding solutions to problems that may arise in the different spheres of life. Aiming at such comprehensive vision of education, some ideas are proposed to design curricular projects based on competencies, from the practical-deliberative and critical tradition, focused on a humanist curricular concept and social transformation.

  5. Gestão do processo de reorientação curricular na Rede Municipal de Ensino de Dourados (2001 a 2008

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    Eliane Souza de Carvalho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the administration of the curricular reorientation that occurred in the municipal district of Dourados-MS in the period 2001 to 2008, trying to describe the official proposal of the process of curricular reorientation and to identify the barriers and facilitators in the materialization of the management. The investigation was developed in a qualitative perspective through observation, bibliographical research, a documental corpus and interview with directors, coordinators and teachers of four schools that lived the process. The results evidenced that there was not an effective participation in the moments of conception nor in the definition of the implementation strategies and/ or evaluation of the proposal. In respect to the development and/or reinforcement of the autonomy through the administration, this was compromised, because there was not wide consultation on the implanted methodological alternative. The power relationships inside and outside school stayed unaffected. The results confirm the complexity in the materialization of the democratic administration in the context of the municipal public administration.

  6. Curricular renovations in the medical program at the university of Antioquia, in Medellin, Colombia La renovación curricular en el programa de Medicina de la Universidad de Antioquia

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    Carlos Aguirre Muñoz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article, an analysis is made of curricular renovation in the medical program at Universidad de Antioquia, in Medellín, Colombia, especially between 2000 and 2005; its purpose focused on moving from a traditional and technological concept of the curriculum to an integrationist tendency, centered on the student, flexible, focused on the cognitive processes and on achieving the training of a physician capable of answering to social, local and global needs. The implementation of Problem Based Learning is analyzed as well as other didactic strategies, the role of the tutor and internal debate on competences. The study plan was organized around problematic areas, while the previous plan was structured starting from disciplines. The program included new areas of knowledge, among them medical information technology, analysis of human sexuality, communication and phases of the vital cycle not previously contemplated, such as adolescence and old age. Disciplines oriented to health and society were posed in a longitudinal manner and health promotion, disease prevention and attention, and rehabilitation were considered as transcurricular axes. However, a fragmentary mentality that separates disciplines continues to predominate, there is a need to increase practice areas outside the hospital environment, evaluation remains as one of the critical aspects and administrative adjustment is pending. Curricular management should be permanent with ample participation of both faculty and students. En este artículo se hace un análisis de la renovación curricular en el programa de medicina de la Universidad de Antioquia, especialmente entre los años 2000 y 2005, cuyo propósito se enfocaba en pasar de una concepción tRadicional y tecnológica del currículo a una tendencia integracionista, centrada en el estudiante, flexible, enfocada en los procesos cognitivos y en lograr la formación de un médico capaz de darles respuesta a las necesidades sociales

  7. Curricular Transformation of Education in the Field of Physical and Sport Education in Slovakia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendíková, Elena

    2016-01-01

    The study presents basic information on the curricular transformation of physical and sport education in Slovakia after the year 1989, which is related to the education process in the 21st century. What is more, it points to the basis for modern transformation in relation to sports as well as to insufficient undergraduate teacher training and its…

  8. Little Shrimp, Big Results: A Model of an Integrative, Cross-Curricular Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackerson, Nicole; Piser, Carol; Walka, Keith

    2010-01-01

    This integrative, cross-curricular lab engages middle school biology students in an exercise involving ecology, arthropod biology, and mathematics. Students research the anatomy and behavioral patterns of a species of brine shrimp, compare the anatomy of adult and juvenile brine shrimp, and graph and interpret results. In this article, the authors…

  9. Curricular Innovation for Sustainability: The Piedmont/Ponderosa Model of Faculty Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlett, Peggy F.; Chase, Geoffrey W.

    2012-01-01

    Curricular innovation is at the center of the challenges many colleges and universities face as they seek to help students address more successfully than previous generations the complex, multi-faceted, systemic challenges of global climate change, population growth, loss of biodiversity, environmental justice, toxic wastes, and food insecurity.…

  10. The Influence of SLA Training in Curricular Design among Teachers in Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessler, Greg; Bikowski, Dawn

    2011-01-01

    This study reports on how language teachers in preparation integrate key concepts from second language acquisition (SLA) theory into CALL curricular design. The need for language teachers who have had SLA coursework to receive orientation to student-centered learning in a CALL context has been identified previously (Kessler, 2010). This research…

  11. Exploring the Effectiveness of a Curricular Choice Majors Program on Teacher Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanDeusen Gaddis, Linda Marie

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore how a curricular choice majors program influenced teacher motivation and student performance at a charter high school in Pennsylvania from the perception of the administration and teachers. The theoretical foundation for this study was the attribution motivation theory. This theory…

  12. The Relationship of IEP Quality to Curricular Access and Academic Achievement for Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Salle, Tamika P.; Roach, Andrew T.; McGrath, Dawn

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality of Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) and its influence on academic achievement, inclusion in general education classrooms, and curricular access for students with disabilities. 130 teachers from the state of Indiana were asked to submit the most recent IEP of one of their students in…

  13. A Cross-Curricular, Problem-Based Project to Promote Understanding of Poverty in Urban Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Daniel S.; Tuchman, Ellen; Hawkins, Robert

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the use of problem-based learning to teach students about the scope and consequences of urban poverty through an innovative cross-curricular project. We illustrate the process, goals, and tasks of the Community Assessment Project, which incorporates community-level assessment, collection and analysis of public data, and…

  14. The Influence of SLA Training in Curricular Design among Teachers in Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessler, Greg; Bikowski, Dawn

    2011-01-01

    This study reports on how language teachers in preparation integrate key concepts from second language acquisition (SLA) theory into CALL curricular design. The need for language teachers who have had SLA coursework to receive orientation to student-centered learning in a CALL context has been identified previously (Kessler, 2010). This research…

  15. A Case Study of Youth Participatory Evaluation in Co-Curricular Service Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuelson, Beth Lewis; Smith, Ross; Stevenson, Eleanor; Ryan, Caitlin

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the practice of participatory evaluation through an exploratory single case study of the Evaluation Team of Books & Beyond, a co-curricular service-learning program of the Global Village Living-Learning Center at Indiana University. The paper, which is authored by three undergraduate members of the evaluation team and their…

  16. La educabilidad: atributo mediacional entre la realidad curricular y organizativa del centro escolar

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    Miguel PÉREZ FERRA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Es evidente, que la actividad de los centros educativos necesita para alcanzar las finalidades que justifican su existencia y trabajo, ser planificada, ordenada, programada, desarrollada y evaluada. Toda esta labor se sintetiza y recoge en el Proyecto de Centro, instrumento de planificación a medio plazo, que concreta y desarrolla los elementos que lo integran: Finalidades educativas, Proyecto curricular de Centro y Reglamento de Organización y Funcionamiento. En este artículo realizamos una reflexión sobre la conveniencia, posibilidad y realidad de utilización con carácter orgánico de dos documentos esenciales en el Proyecto de Centro. Nos referimos al Proyecto Curricular de Centro y al Reglamento de Organización y Funcionamiento. El estudio integra tres perspectivas complementarias: la realidad ontológica o conveniencia de dicha relación que intentamos justificar desde el atributo educabilidad, propio del hombre, nexo de unión entre la esencia de los dos documentos; la realidad histórica de los últimos cincuenta años y su incidencia en la relación organizativo-curricular de los centros; por último, valoramos la trayectoria lineal de la formación del profesorado en España y sus respuestas al centro como unidad organizativa, profesional y curricular.

  17. Diapositivos da unidade curricular de Circuitos e Sistemas Electrónicos para TIC

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido, Nuno

    2012-01-01

    Diapositivos de CSETIC: Amplificadores operacionais. Osciladores e malhas de captura de fase. Conversores A/D e D/A. Filtros analógicos. Lógica digital. Compilação de diapositivos de apoio à unidade curricular de Circuitos e Sistemas Electrónicos para TIC

  18. Apontamentos da unidade curricular de Circuitos e Sistemas Electrónicos para TIC

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido, Nuno

    2012-01-01

    Apontamentos sobre circuitos e sistemas electrónicos. Amplificadores operacionais. Filtros. Lógica digital. Osciladores. Malhas de captura de fase. Conversores A/D e D/A. Este documento é o resultado da compilação de vários apontamentos pedagógicos realizados para apoiar a unidade curricular de CSETIC.

  19. A Cross-Curricular Approach to "Learning to Learn" Languages: Government Policy and School Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Vee

    2008-01-01

    This article connects two fields of research: "learning to learn" and school-based teacher development. The context is a cross-curricular project between English and modern languages teachers. Carried out in two London schools, the study aimed to encourage students to transfer common language learning strategies across the two subjects. Findings…

  20. Exploring the Association between Campus Co-Curricular Involvement and Academic Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergen-Cico, Dessa; Viscomi, Joe

    2013-01-01

    This research examines the relationship between college student attendance at co-curricular programs and GPA. Researchers tracked attendance of two cohorts totaling 3,000+ students through electromagnetic scanning at university-sponsored events. Analysis of GPA by attendance rate clusters revealed that students attending 5-14 events over the…

  1. Australian Primary Students' Motivation and Learning Intentions for Extra-Curricular Music Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Clarence

    2017-01-01

    What are the motivational differences between students who intend to continue their learning in instrumental and choral music programmes and those who intend to discontinue? Using an achievement-goal perspective, this study investigated motivation and learning intentions of Australian students who had engaged in these extra-curricular music…

  2. Fostering Tolerance of Obesity through Empathy and Critical Reflection: A Curricular Unit Incorporating Filmed Testimonials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogle, Jennifer Paff; Damhorst, Mary Lynn

    2010-01-01

    With the prevalence of overweight and obesity on the rise in America, the role of educators in creating transformative learning contexts that minimize obesity bias and that foster tolerance has become increasingly crucial. The purpose of this work was to develop and explore the effectiveness of a curricular unit to promote tolerance and…

  3. Our Environment. Language Arts Theme Units, Volume I. Cross Curricular Activities for Primary Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAllister, Elizabeth A.; Hildebrand, Joan M.; Ericson, Joann H.

    Suggesting that students in the primary grades can explore the world around them and practice valuable skills in spelling, reading, writing, communication, and language, this book presents cross-curricular units on the environment that reach diverse needs by working through emotional memory, deductive reasoning, and multiple intelligences.…

  4. People Around Us. Language Arts Theme Units, Volume V. Cross Curricular Activities for Primary Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAllister, Elizabeth A.; Hildebrand, Joan M.; Ericson, Joann H.

    Suggesting that students in the primary grades can explore the world around them and practice valuable skills in spelling, reading, writing, communication, and language, this book presents cross-curricular units on "people around us" that reach diverse needs by working through emotional memory, deductive reasoning, and multiple intelligences.…

  5. Intriguing Animals. Language Arts Theme Units, Volume IV. Cross Curricular Activities for Primary Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAllister, Elizabeth A.; Hildebrand, Joan M.; Ericson, Joann H.

    Suggesting that students in the primary grades can explore the world around them and practice valuable skills in spelling, reading, writing, communication, and language, this book presents cross-curricular units on intriguing animals that reach diverse needs by working through emotional memory, deductive reasoning, and multiple intelligences.…

  6. Curricular Changes for Spanish and Portuguese in a New Era: The College and University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuessel, Frank

    2010-01-01

    In the past two years, the Modern Language Association (MLA) has produced two significant proposals for curricular change in foreign languages. The first, "Foreign Languages and Higher Education: New Structures for a Changing World," addressed the foreign language curriculum with specific suggestions for programmatic transformation. The second,…

  7. A Review on Extra-Curricular English Course in Replacement of Graduation Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Eunpyo; Kim, Eun-Kyung

    2014-01-01

    This study examines an extra-curricular English course that gives a chance for the low-proficient seniors who have not yet met the graduation qualification to graduate upon completion of 90 hours of English program. The subjects were 14 seniors who failed to obtain the minimum requirement scores and had to complete the course in summer of 2014. A…

  8. Sports Business Unit Meets Cross-Curricular Learning Goals: Grades 9-12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curriculum Review, 2006

    2006-01-01

    A new online learning tool called the eCommSports Kit links a seven-step sports marketing curriculum with a school team to give students real-life experience in developing and executing a plan to boost game attendance. The kit, available through http://www.ecommsports.com, takes teens on a cross-curricular journey through conducting business…

  9. La Transversalidad Curricular y la Enseñanza de la Educación Ambiental

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Caldera, Yaxcelys; Fuentes, Lorena; Mendoza, Iván

    2006-01-01

    .... En Venezuela, esta propuesta fue asumida en la Segunda Etapa de Educación Básica. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el principio de transversalidad curricular en la enseñanza de la educación ambiental...

  10. Humanism's Sisyphean Task: Curricular Reform at Brown University during the Second World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porwancher, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    In the midst of a curricular debate at Brown University during the Second World War, the faculty's humanists seized the opportunity to pen their views on the nature and purpose of higher education. This investigation reveals humanism as a fragmented force, at once principal and peripheral to the American academy. The central argument of this study…

  11. Elite Rationalities and Curricular Form: "Meritorious" Class Reproduction in the Elite Thinking Curriculum in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Leonel; Apple, Michael W.

    2015-01-01

    While much of the critical scholarship around elite schooling has focused on the students who attend elite institutions, their social class locations, privileged habituses and cultural capital, this paper foregrounds curricular form itself as a central mechanism in the (re)production of elites. Using Basil Bernstein's conceptual framework of…

  12. Student Personality Characteristics and Expressed Preferences within a Tracking Approach to Curricular Differentiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draugalis, JoLaine; Bootman, J. Lyle

    1986-01-01

    In 1984 the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy recommended that each college of pharmacy have curricular and training structures that provide for the education of "differentiated pharmacists." The University of Arizona examined whether the proposed options of clinical, management, and research would appeal to three different…

  13. The Ontological Architectures in the Application of a Knowledge Management System for Curricular Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Brandon D.

    2012-01-01

    Institutions of higher education are facing increasing pressure to improve the effectiveness and quality of academic programs (Association of Governing Boards, Top public policy issues 2011-2012, 2011). These institutions apply curricular assessment processes as a means to evaluate and improve academic effectiveness and quality. Knowledge…

  14. Little Shrimp, Big Results: A Model of an Integrative, Cross-Curricular Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackerson, Nicole; Piser, Carol; Walka, Keith

    2010-01-01

    This integrative, cross-curricular lab engages middle school biology students in an exercise involving ecology, arthropod biology, and mathematics. Students research the anatomy and behavioral patterns of a species of brine shrimp, compare the anatomy of adult and juvenile brine shrimp, and graph and interpret results. In this article, the authors…

  15. An Exploratory Study of the Curricular Integration of Ethics in Executive MBA Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, Jaime M.

    2011-01-01

    An Exploratory Study of the Curricular Integration of Ethics in Executive MBA Programs News headlines of corporate scandals have unleashed a contentious debate of whether or not graduate management education has contributed to corporate collapses and the resultant financial crisis. In particular, questions abound as to the willingness of…

  16. Cross-curricular goals and raising the relevance of science education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Belova, Nadja; Dittmar, Johanna; Hansson, Lena

    2016-01-01

    focuses on a set of such cross-curricular goals from a chemistry education perspective, namely education for sustainability, critical media literacy, innovation competence, vocational orientation, and employability. It relates them to the idea of relevant chemistry and science education. Directions...

  17. Cross-Curricular Teaching and Learning in the Secondary School Mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Ward-Penny, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Cross-curricular approaches have much to offer the modern mathematics classroom. They can help teachers to present mathematics as a growing, relevant discipline that is central to much of modern life, and help learners to make sense of what they are doing and why.

  18. Humanism's Sisyphean Task: Curricular Reform at Brown University during the Second World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porwancher, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    In the midst of a curricular debate at Brown University during the Second World War, the faculty's humanists seized the opportunity to pen their views on the nature and purpose of higher education. This investigation reveals humanism as a fragmented force, at once principal and peripheral to the American academy. The central argument of this study…

  19. Discursos curriculares na disciplina escolar Química Curriculum discourses in school Chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Casimiro Lopes

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, é defendido que a disciplina escolar é um híbrido de discursos curriculares. Para argumentar em favor dessa idéia, é analisado como textos na área de ensino de Química influenciam nas políticas de currículo, hibridizando discursos oficiais e outros discursos curriculares. São articuladas as discussões teóricas de Ball, sobre políticas de currículo, de Goodson, sobre disciplinas escolares, de Bernstein, sobre recontextualização, e de Canclini, sobre hibridismo.This paper defends the hybridism of curricular discourses in school subjects. To argue in favor of this idea, chemistry education's texts are analyzed to show the influence of curriculum policy in hybridizing the official discourses and other curricular discourses. The text draws on the analysis of Ball about curriculum policy, on Goodson's school subjects, on Bernsteins's recontextualization and Canclini's hybridism.

  20. Características del programa curricular común de carreras agroalimentarias y ambientales

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Barrera Guerra, José Luis; Córdova Duarte, Gabriel

    2012-01-01

    .... Luego de esto, se elaboró y propuso un currículo común para la modificación curricular de las carreras de Ingeniero en Alimentos, Ingeniero Ambiental e Ingeniero Mecánico Agrícola. El currículo común está...

  1. Curricular Implications of Virtual World Technology: A Review of Business Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cyphert, Dale; Wurtz, M. Susan; Duclos, Leslie K.

    2013-01-01

    As business organizations grow increasingly virtual, traditional principles of organizational communication require examination and modification. This article considers the curricular implications of the growing business uses of virtual world technology through three different lenses--students as employee-users, students as strategic designers and…

  2. Fostering Tolerance of Obesity through Empathy and Critical Reflection: A Curricular Unit Incorporating Filmed Testimonials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogle, Jennifer Paff; Damhorst, Mary Lynn

    2010-01-01

    With the prevalence of overweight and obesity on the rise in America, the role of educators in creating transformative learning contexts that minimize obesity bias and that foster tolerance has become increasingly crucial. The purpose of this work was to develop and explore the effectiveness of a curricular unit to promote tolerance and…

  3. The Effect of Curricular Activities on Learner Autonomy: The Perspective of Undergraduate Mechanical Engineering Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, M.; Leite, C.; Mouraz, A.

    2016-01-01

    This study researches how first-year engineering students perceived the influence of curricular activities on their own learning autonomy, measured with an adaptation of the Personal Responsibility Orientation to Self-direction in Learning Scale (PRO-SDLS). Participants were questioned to assess the influence of the teacher's role. The results…

  4. Integration of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics: Is This Curricular Revolution Really Possible in France?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebeaume, Joel

    2011-01-01

    The French school system is a subjects-centred curriculum from the beginning of 1960s. This deep-rooted organisation tends to block the several attempts made to integrate the teaching of scientific school subjects. From an historical point of view, this paper describes the curricular system and the issue of its current change. It focuses on the…

  5. The University of New Brunswick's Renaissance College: Curricular Evolution and Assessment at the Faculty Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zundel, Pierre; Mengel, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to draw some general lessons on curricular evolution processes and practices at the faculty level emerging from the creation of Renaissance College at the University of New Brunswick and the implementation of its BPhil program. The authors proceed by induction, working from the specific case of Renaissance College to…

  6. Effects of Curricular Activity on Students' Situational Motivation and Physical Activity Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Zan; Hannon, James C.; Newton, Maria; Huang, Chaoqun

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine (a) the effects of three curricular activities on students' situational motivation (intrinsic motivation [IM], identified regulation [IR], external regulation, and amotivation [AM]) and physical activity (PA) levels, and (b) the predictive strength of situational motivation to PA levels. Four hundred twelve…

  7. Inservice Teachers' Difficulties with and Resistance to Curricular Innovation: A Solution-Finding Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center on Innovations in Learning, Temple University, 2016

    2016-01-01

    This Solution-Finding Report provides references and information requested on the topic of inservice teachers finding it difficult to implement, or resisting, curricular innovation. Many of the citations in this bibliography also deal with ways to overcome these difficulties and this resistance. Solution-finding Reports are intended to provide a…

  8. Evaluating the Implementation of International Computing Curricular in African Universities: A Design-Reality Gap Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasuki, Salihu Ibrahim; Ogedebe, Peter; Kanya, Rislana Abdulazeez; Ndume, Hauwa; Makinde, Julius

    2015-01-01

    Efforts are been made by Universities in developing countries to ensure that it's graduate are not left behind in the competitive global information society; thus have adopted international computing curricular for their computing degree programs. However, adopting these international curricula seem to be very challenging for developing countries…

  9. The Ontological Architectures in the Application of a Knowledge Management System for Curricular Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Brandon D.

    2012-01-01

    Institutions of higher education are facing increasing pressure to improve the effectiveness and quality of academic programs (Association of Governing Boards, Top public policy issues 2011-2012, 2011). These institutions apply curricular assessment processes as a means to evaluate and improve academic effectiveness and quality. Knowledge…

  10. Multicultural Education: Raj's Story Using a Curricular Conceptual Lens of the Particular

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Vicki; Chan, Elaine

    2008-01-01

    In this study, we employ a curricular conceptual lens of the particular to explore the experience of multicultural education from the perspective of an immigrant student, Raj. Using a school-based narrative inquiry approach, we learn about Raj's experiences at the intersections of immigration and settlement, adaptation and assimilation,…

  11. Do Curricular and Cocurricular Diversity Activities Influence Racial Bias? A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denson, Nida

    2009-01-01

    In response to rapidly changing demographics and increased racial tensions, institutions across the country have implemented diversity-related initiatives--to varying degrees--designed to promote positive intergroup relations. This increased interest has resulted in a growing body of research examining the impact of curricular and cocurricular…

  12. "Teachosaurus" and "Learnoceratops": Dinosaurs as a Motivating Cross-Curricular Theme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duggan, Denis

    2011-01-01

    The author takes a look into the benefits that dinosaurs may bring to the classroom. He discusses how he used dinosaurs as a cross-curricular theme to improve children's understanding and knowledge of science concepts. To investigate what a child might learn from dinosaurs, he started by comparing the many non-fiction dinosaur books using the…

  13. Curricular Treatment of Body Image, Self-Esteem and Self-Concept in Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Antonio V.; Estévez, Manuel; Palomares, Juan

    2015-01-01

    Adolescence is a period of human development in which problems with the perception of body image, self-esteem and self-concept proliferate, while the child is studying for Secondary Education. This study analyses the curricular treatment given to body image, self-esteem and self-concept in different legislative elements in the region of Valencia…

  14. The Effect of Curricular Activities on Learner Autonomy: The Perspective of Undergraduate Mechanical Engineering Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, M.; Leite, C.; Mouraz, A.

    2016-01-01

    This study researches how first-year engineering students perceived the influence of curricular activities on their own learning autonomy, measured with an adaptation of the Personal Responsibility Orientation to Self-direction in Learning Scale (PRO-SDLS). Participants were questioned to assess the influence of the teacher's role. The results…

  15. Outsourcing Extra-Curricular Activities: A Management Strategy in a Time of Neoliberal Influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Shun Wing; Chan, Tsan Ming Kenneth; Yuen, Wai Kwan Gail

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on an exploratory study designed to illuminate the complexity of outsourcing extra-curricular activities (ECAs) in primary schools in a time of neoliberal influence and to examine the views of teaching professionals on the reasons, issues and considerations of outsourcing ECAs such as the dynamic…

  16. Unexpected Allies: Advancing Literacy in a "Science-English" Cross-Curricular Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClune, Billy; Alexander, Joy; Jarman, Ruth

    2012-01-01

    Critical reading of science-based media reports is an authentic context in which to explore the mutual interests of teachers of science and English, who want to use science in the media to promote their subject discipline while encouraging cross-curricular learning. This empirical study focused on 90 teachers of science and English to explore…

  17. Orientações curriculares para a Matemática em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Canavarro, Ana Paula

    2007-01-01

    O artigo identifica as principais orientações curriculares dos actuais programas de matemática do ensino não superior em Portugal, confrontando-as no que diz respeito a finalidades e objectivos, conceitos chave e conteúdos, colocando questões para a sua duiscussão

  18. Tratamiento del conocimiento probabilístico en los proyectos y materiales curriculares

    OpenAIRE

    1995-01-01

    En este articulo se analizan los diferentes proyectos y propuestas curriculares relacionadas con el tratamiento del conocimiento estocástico, los contenidos que recogen y las orientaciones que sugieren para su tratamiento en el aula centradas la mayoría de ellas en un estudio frecuencialista del fenómeno aleatorio.

  19. Extra-Curricular and out-of-School Education in European Socialist Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegerich, Hans-Joachim

    1988-01-01

    Describes extra-curricular activities in East Germany, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania, and the USSR, and provides an annotated bibliography that covers activities in the social sciences; science and technology; natural sciences; arts and culture; sports; tourism; mass media; after school centers; holiday activities; and youth…

  20. A TEMÁTICA AMBIENTAL EM DOCUMENTOS CURRICULARES NACIONAIS DO ENSINO MÉDIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diógenes Valdanha

    Full Text Available Este artigo relata uma pesquisa que investigou em que medida e extensão a temática ambiental é desenvolvida em documentos curriculares nacionais do Ensino Médio, em continuidade a um estudo anterior que realizou similar investigação, porém em documentos curriculares nacionais do Ensino Fundamental (anos finais. Realizou-se uma análise do conteúdo dos documentos curriculares em uma abordagem qualitativa da pesquisa educacional. Nesses documentos, a presença da temática ambiental é muito menor e menos significativa quando comparada aos do Ensino Fundamental; além de prevalecer uma concepção conservacionista/científica, trazendo uma visão reducionista e pouco politizada/crítica da temática ambiental no processo educativo. Distintamente, as novas Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais para o Ensino Médio avançam na inclusão de uma educação ambiental crítica no currículo nacional da escola básica.

  1. Can Skateboarding Save the Planet? A Curricular Unit on Global Climate Change Developed Through the NASA LIFT-OFF Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pruett, L. E.; Burrell, S.; Chidester, C.; Metzger, E. P.

    2010-12-01

    The inclusion of global climate change education in California public high schools is constrained by several factors, including the planning time needed to effectively correlate state content standards to the multidisciplinary science of climate change, the lack of time in the curriculum, and budget constraints that limit resources for teachers. Recent efforts by the NASA LIFT-OFF program to support classroom teachers in the development of inquiry-based curricular materials have helped to alleviate many of these burdens. NASA LIFT-OFF is funded by a grant to the Alameda County Office of Education and involves a partnership between the Alameda, Santa Clara, and Los Angeles county offices of education and science faculty at California State University (CSU) East Bay, San Jose State University (SJSU), and Cal Poly Pomona. LIFT-OFF goals are to improve high school science teachers’ content knowledge through interactions with scientists from the CSU campuses, NASA, and the SETI Institute and to enhance their ability to plan and implement high-quality science inquiry in their classrooms. LIFT-OFF teachers at the three CSU campuses are developing instructional cases that use NASA resources and research-based pedagogical practices to explore engaging real-world questions. We participated in SJSU’s 2010 LIFT-OFF summer institute and worked as a team to develop a 12-day unit for high school students that focuses on the science behind global climate change. In addition to delivering science content, the unit engages students in critical thinking and evaluation. Students generate, access and interpret data, and use the knowledge gained to make small lifestyle changes that aid in the reduction of their greenhouse gas emissions. Not only does this unit of study empower students to make science-based decisions, it also incorporates diverse learning strategies, such as the use of visuals aids, language acquisition techniques to improve literacy, formative assessments and daily

  2. Construcción politica de reformas curriculares: El caso de Chile en los noventa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristián Cox

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El autor es un experto implicado en el proceso de diseño curricular vivido en Chile desde la promulgación del LOCE en 1990. El artículo, Basándose en esta experiencia, el artículo describe con detalle este proceso. Muestra las claves, circunstancias y momentos del proceso de construcción y desarrollo de una reforma curricular. Da cuenta de los procesos y contextos que intervienen en ello. Señala que tiene un proceso de construcción política. Pero no sólo se deben a este tipo de decisiones (como marco ideológico y social de decisiones y poder. Los procesos reflexivos que acompañan la toma de decisiones y los cursos de acción generados son importantes. Como también lo es la historia. Incluso los lineamientos curriculares y las presiones hacia el cambio que se den globalmente pueden influir bastante. Así muestra como en Chile, a pesar de partir de una política educativa en la que no había entrado la idea de currículum, ésta empieza a emerger conforme se va construyendo su desarrollo práctico y curricular. De todas las lecciones aprendidas en el proceso destaca que son componentes clave del proceso la participación y la innovación. Argumenta que hay razones sustantivas y políticas para ello. La primera es clave para que el profesorado se apropie de la propuesta de reforma y la haga posible. Por último, destaca que se produce un desarrollo de las capacidades institucionales de diseño y desarrollo curricular en la medida que se ponen en marcha y acumulan procesos de este tipo.

  3. Material Encounters with Mathematics: The Case for Museum Based Cross-Curricular Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Freitas, Elizabeth; Bentley, Sean J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on research from a network of high school and museum partnerships designed to explore techniques for integrating mathematics and physics learning experiences during the first year of high school. The foundation of the curriculum is a problem-based, museum-based, and hands-on approach to mathematics and physics. In this paper, we…

  4. Materiality and discourse in school curriculum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valero, Paola

    2013-01-01

    materiality and discourse together in such a way that we might better address the political realities of education. From various international, historical, and theoretical contexts, we critically examine how discourse and materiality intricately define and describe the classifications by which notions...... of intellectual, social, and economic poverty are organized in the curriculum. Our focus on school mathematics is essential, since this is a curricular area that is seldom approached as a field of cultural politics....

  5. Necesidad de implementación de un doctorado curricular colaborativo en ciencias estomatológicas Need to implement a contribution curricular doctorate in stomatologic sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadonim Vila Morales

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Históricamente los doctorados en ciencias específicas de la salud han sido de tipo investigativo, donde una tesis doctoral que aporte novedad científica y algunos exámenes de mínimo candidato son los ejercicios suficientes para el otorgamiento de los mismos. Este método genera una formación científica lenta y mayormente autodidáctica y no es del todo óptimo cuando se pretende formar doctores en ciencias en un periodo corto de tiempo, o sea en unos cinco años promedio. Por ello la tendencia internacional es la de implementar doctorados curriculares, lo cual garantiza un proceso de formación científica más reflexiva, homogénea, individualizada y tutorial. Objetivos: evaluar el grado de necesidad de la implementación de un doctorado curricular colaborativo en la carrera de Estomatología. Métodos: se realizó un análisis estadístico de la producción de doctorados en ciencias estomatológicas y se describió los resultados de la fundación de la Comisión de Grados de Estomatología. Resultados: en los últimos 35 años se han formado 53 estomatólogos como doctores en ciencias médicas o estomatológicas. El por ciento de estomatólogos con grados científicos fuera de la Capital es muy escaso. Se consideró el ritmo de producción de doctores en ciencias de la Comisión Nacional de Grados de Estomatología como bajo. Conclusiones: los resultados obtenidos demostraron la necesidad y factibilidad de la elaboración e implementación de un doctorado curricular colaborativo para Estomatología.Introduction: Historically, the sciences doctorates health specific has been of investigative type, where a doctoral thesis providing a scientific novelty and some minimal examinations are the exercises enough to grant such doctorate. This method creates a slow scientific training and mostly self-taught and is not totally optimal when the aim is to train sciences doctors for a short period of time, that is, in a mean of 5 years

  6. History, Science and Culture: Curricular Experiences in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Jose Claudio; Guerra, Andreia; Braga, Marco; Freitas, Jairo

    This article presents some didactic material and educational experiences which have been developed by the Teknê Group in Brazil.The work is part of a major project which aims at improving teaching of science. Science is presented in a broader context of culture, where the theories are not discovered but built by historic men based on the interpretation of facts. The first p art of this article shows some of the principles which inform Teknê Group's work, followed by a description of material and experiences which are used in Brazilian schools.

  7. A importância do conhecimento escolar em propostas curriculares alternativas The importance of school knowledge for alternative curricular proposals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Flavio Barbosa Moreira

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo focaliza um processo de construção curricular em uma escola da rede municipal de Belo Horizonte, no qual vigora a proposta oficial da ESCOLA PLURAL. Destaca as dificuldades vividas pelo corpo docente da escola e desenvolve o argumento de que propostas curriculares inovadoras podem criar um espaço discursivo no qual se segregam as crianças das camadas populares, reduzindo suas possibilidades de autonomia na sociedade. Com base nas concepções de política de Stephen Ball e Jenny Ozga, analisam-se os textos políticos da Escola Plural e de uma escola da rede municipal. Verificou-se a complexa relação entre documentos oficiais e experiências locais, bem como a necessidade de se afirmar a importância do conhecimento escolar no currículo. Argumenta-se que a supervalorização do aluno e de suas experiências culturais, em associação com a secundarização do conhecimento escolar, pode criar um espaço em que a criança seja confinada e jamais vista como normal.The paper focuses on a process of curriculum construction which was developed in a school from the Belo Horizonte educational system. The school is organized according to the official curricular proposal entitled PLURAL SCHOOL. It emphasizes the difficulties which were faced by the academic staff of the school and argues that innovative curricular proposals may create a space in which children from working class are segregated and have their possibilities of autonomy in society reduced. Drawing on the conceptions of politics by Stephen Ball and Jenny Ozga, the political texts, written on the level of the Plural School proposal and on the level of the school, are analyzed. The complex relations among official documents and local experiences are emphasized. The importance of school knowledge is stressed. It is argued that the overvaluation of the students and their cultural experiences and the undervaluation of school knowledge can create a space in which children are

  8. History, Science and Culture: Curricular Experiences in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Jose Claudio; Guerra, Andreia; Braga, Marco; Freitas, Jairo

    2001-01-01

    Presents didactic material and discusses educational experiences developed by the Tekne Group in Brazil. Points out that science is presented in a broader context of culture and aims to improve instructional practices in science. Explains some of the principles that inform the Tekne Group's work. (Contains 28 references.) (Author/YDS)

  9. An Analysis and Implementation of Charles Dickens' Sole Curricular Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Robert C.

    This paper examines the curriculum Charles Dickens wrote for his children, an "easy account" of selections from the New Testament. Dickens designed the curriculum to make this material accessible and meaningful to his children prior to schooling under the direction of other teachers, tutors, or governesses, and earlier than the language…

  10. Boxing It Up-a Cross-curricular Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Till, Wesley

    1996-01-01

    Reports on a class project that examined the manufacture of boxes and packaging to teach about design and technology. The class discovered basic manufacturing techniques by examining and disassembling cereal boxes. Field trips to stores provided more examples. Appraises the children's final projects and discusses acquiring materials. (MJP)

  11. Boxing It Up-a Cross-curricular Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Till, Wesley

    1996-01-01

    Reports on a class project that examined the manufacture of boxes and packaging to teach about design and technology. The class discovered basic manufacturing techniques by examining and disassembling cereal boxes. Field trips to stores provided more examples. Appraises the children's final projects and discusses acquiring materials. (MJP)

  12. What the MDP Debate Can Teach Us about Law Practice in the New Millennium and the Need for Curricular Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daly, Mary C.

    2000-01-01

    Provides a snapshot of the debate on multidisciplinary practice within the legal field, explores what lessons legal educators should take away from the debate, and examines the curricular implications of those lessons. (EV)

  13. Curriculum-Dependent and Curriculum-Independent Factors in Preservice Elementary Teachers' Adaptation of Science Curriculum Materials for Inquiry-Based Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Cory T.

    2013-02-01

    In this nested mixed methods study I investigate factors influencing preservice elementary teachers' adaptation of science curriculum materials to better support students' engagement in science as inquiry. Analyses focus on two `reflective teaching assignments' completed by 46 preservice elementary teachers in an undergraduate elementary science methods course in which they were asked to adapt existing science curriculum materials to plan and enact inquiry-based science lessons in elementary classrooms. Data analysis involved regression modeling of artifacts associated with these lessons, as well as in-depth, semester-long case studies of six of these preservice teachers. Results suggest that features of the existing science curriculum materials, including measures of how inquiry-based they were, have a relatively small influence on the preservice teachers' curricular adaptations, while teacher-specific variables account for a much greater percentage of the variance. Evidence from the case studies illustrates the critical impact of the preservice teachers' field placement contexts as an explanatory, teacher-specific factor in their curricular adaptations. These findings have important implications for science teacher educators and science curriculum developers, in terms of not only better understanding how preservice teachers engage with curriculum materials, but also how programmatic features of teacher education programs influence their ability to do so.

  14. DISEÑO CURRICULAR: DE LA INTEGRACIÓN A LA COMPLEJIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Badilla Saxe

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo se muestra un tránsito que podría seguir el diseño curricular desde la integración hacia la complejidad. Se parte de las ideas de James Beane y John Deswey sobre la Integración Curricular y las Actividades Ocupacionales respectivamente para pasar por los llamados Ejes Transversales y el Enfoque por Proyectos, con miras a evolucionar hacia la Pedagogía de la Complejidad, tomando como base las ideas para promover el pensamiento complejo que propone Edgar Morin. Como conclusión se propone un cambio en la metáfora con la cual se diseñan currículos y planes de estudio.

  15. Programa curricular de la segunda especialidad en formación magisterial

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    Elsa Tueros Way

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available Este documento presenta las demandas para la formación de docentes objetivos de la Segunda Especialidad, se definen los perfiles real e ideal del docente de ISPs y se señalan los requisitos de los usuarios de este programa. Estos elementos sirven para sustentar la Estructura Curricular: Areas de estudio (Investigación Educativa,Teoría y Realidad Educativa, Diseño y Evaluación del Curriculum,y Desarrollo Comunal y Regional, el Plan de estudios y la descripciónde los cursos. Asimismo, se señala la estrategia que se empleará para el desarrollo curricular incluída la evaluación.

  16. Ethical and Civic Education. Difficulties during the Curricular Reform in Argentine Patagonia

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    Isabelino Siede

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17227/01234870.41folios51.68 What type of ethical and civic education is effectively provided at school? This article analyzes the curricular prescriptions of Ethical and Citizenship Education in primary schools of the Argentine Patagonia, as well as its relations and contradictions with the school practices of moral education It inquires the process of definition of the area in the context of the Educational Reform in the 90s. Also, it pursuits to remake the way it was incorporated in the provincial curriculum design. Throughout focus groups and interviews to teachers from different public and private schools of three towns from de north of Santa Cruz, we analyze the descriptions and expectative of the teachers about their teaching practice in the moral area, as well as the possible causes of the differences and the contradictions between the policies of the curricular statement and educational proposals offered at school.

  17. Aligning Science Achievement and STEM Expectations for College Success: A Comparative Study of Curricular Standardization

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    Siqi Han

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Lack of preparation in science leads to high rates of attrition among science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM majors, even among students who are highly oriented toward STEM. Using data for twenty-seven countries from the 2006 Program for International Student Assessment, we compare the United States with other industrialized countries in terms of fifteen-year-olds’ science achievement and their expectations to focus on STEM in the future. The United States trails most countries in the mean science achievement of the general student population and among students expecting to pursue STEM majors or careers. Lack of curricular standardization in the United States is related to this lower science achievement. Countries with higher curricular standardization exhibit higher average science achievement scores; science achievement and students’ future orientation toward science are also better aligned in these countries. We discuss the implications of these findings for American colleges and universities as they seek to reduce student attrition in STEM fields.

  18. Logic of knowledge harmonization, axis of curricular construction achieved thru communities of hermeneutic enlightenment

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    Gloria Clemencia VALENCIA GONZÁLEZ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present work investigates by the diverse logics of organization of the knowledge like axes of the curricular construction; for it, they develop two premises. First one approaches social the educative phenomenon like praxis in which it is possible to recognize diverse logics and histories of organization of the knowledge. Second it works around the image of the subjects like culture generators that make possible the flow of knowledge. In the closing it is indicated that curricula takes place and just moves in the emergent interstices of the relation and interaction between subjects. In such sense, the center of curricular attention moves of the architecture and the design towards the subjects that make them.

  19. Educação com enfoque CTS em documentos curriculares regionais: o caso das diretrizes curriculares de física do estado do Paraná

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    Silmara Alessi Guebur Roehrig

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Acreditando que a consolidação do movimento que prioriza as relações entre ciência, tecnologia e sociedade (CTS na educação científica perpassa as decisões curriculares, buscamos compreender como esta vertente se insere nas Diretrizes Curriculares de física do Estado do Paraná (DCE/PR. Após caracterizarmos Educação com enfoque CTS, a partir de Ziman, Aikenhead e Yager, utilizamos a metodologia da Análise Textual Discursiva para estabelecer categorias de análise. A constituição dos dados se deu a partir da análise documental das DCE/PR de Física e de entrevistas com autores. Deste processo, emergiram as seguintes categorias de análise: aplicação da ciência, interdisciplinaridade, enfoques histórico, filosófico e sociológico, problematização, contextualização, tomada de decisões, currículo orientado no aluno, e cidadania. Os resultados apontam que, mesmo não tendo sido elaboradas com o propósito de favorecer a Educação com enfoque CTS, as DCE/PR de Física contemplam elementos que remetem às dimensões supracitadas.

  20. Estrategia curricular para la formación pedagógica en la carrera de Medicina Curricular strategy for the pedagogical training in Medicine course

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    Cecilia Valdés de la Rosa

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available El Médico General Básico egresado debe poseer una cultura pedagógica que le proporcione las herramientas para desempeñar la función docente contemplada en su perfil profesional. El siguiente trabajo presenta una estrategia curricular para desarrollar la formación pedagógica de los estudiantes de Medicina. Las acciones propuestas están dirigidas en dos vertientes: una para el desarrollo de la labor educativa con el individuo, la familia y la comunidad, y la otra encaminada a la función docente en la educación médica de pregrado.Graduate practitioners must have a pedagogical culture that offers them tools to carry out the teaching function described in their professional pattern. This article presents a curricular strategy to train medical students in teaching. Actions are focused on two trends: to develop educational work with the individual, the family and the community, and to function as a professor of career courses.

  1. BASE NACIONAL COMUM CURRICULAR: DESAFIOS E IMPLICAÇÕES PARA O ENSINO RELIGIOSO

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    Deyve Redyson

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Como um descritivo de saberes e conteúdos a serem ensinados e apreendidos específicos e necessários para cada seguimento da educação básica, no qual visa o desenvolvimento educacional brasileiro a Base Nacional Comum Curricular - BNCC propõe a composição a partir dos conhecimentos dos componentes curriculares que por sua vez, são articulados diante das áreas de conhecimentos, e o Ensino Religioso como uma modalidade de ensino insere-se nessas estratégias traçadas e discutidas pela BNCC em eleger os conhecimentos a serem dados na escola. É nessa perspectiva que esse estudo se torna relevante, pois tem como finalidade e objetivo analisar como os movimentos políticos (globais e locais estão articulando propostas curriculares para o Ensino Religioso, uma vez que esse ensino como área de conhecimento é complexa e desafiadora no contexto da diversidade cultural religiosa e muitas das vezes não considerado em seus componentes curriculares aspectos críticos. Metodologicamente esse estudo tem como lócus investigativo, os documentos oficiais nacionais (PNE, LDB, PCNs, entre outros e documentos locais que regem o Ensino Religioso. Faremos interlocuções bibliográficas com autores do campo do currículo pós-crítico e do Ensino Religioso como: Moreira e Silva (1997, Sacristán (2000, Junqueira e Oliveira (2006, Passos (2007, entre outros autores.

  2. Seminarios didácticos y círculos curriculares.

    OpenAIRE

    Domènech Casal, Jordi

    2013-01-01

    En este instituto se aprovechan las reuniones del profesorado para aplicar dos dinámicas de formación entre iguales. Son los propios docentes quienes, en los seminarios didácticos, presentan prácticas innovadoras y, en los círculos curriculares, buscan puntos de conexión para emprender proyectos interdisciplinares. Además de compartir conocimiento, desarrollan una conciencia y una práctica investigadora e innovadora.

  3. Addressing curricular innovation in a multi-stakeholder environment : Planning to change

    OpenAIRE

    Todd, Enslen

    2001-01-01

    As language innovations move outside the boundaries of autonomous departmental units, the process of change through the planning, design and implementation phases become more complex. Therefore, there is a greater need for awareness of the steps in the innovation process. This is especially true for the planning process since the adoption decision is divided amongst potentially numerous potential adopters. This paper will present a case study of curricular innovation, a move from an EAP to an...

  4. Adaptaciones curriculares: Convergencias y divergencias de su implementación en el profesorado chileno

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    Braulio Ademir Navarro-Aburto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Recibido 13 de marzo de 2015 • Corregido 29 de octubre de 2015 • Aceptado 17 de noviembre de 2015La presente investigación describe el proceso que se realiza para llevar a cabo las adaptaciones curriculares, en la asignatura de matemática para el alumnado que presenta algún tipo de necesidad educativa especial transitoria. Se ha considerado la coordinación existente entre docentes de Matemática y de Educación Diferencial, como acción promotora de las adaptaciones curriculares. La metodología utilizada corresponde a la cualitativa con un enfoque fenomenológico, y la principal técnica de recolección de datos fue la entrevista semiestructurada, participantes de este estudio fueron 10 docentes de 2 instituciones educativas con programa de integración. Los principales hallazgos arrojan que profesorado y personal encargados del Programa de Integración Escolar cumplen con las normativas y requerimientos  del Decreto Nº 170 en relación con las adaptaciones curriculares, pero dicho cumplimiento está sujeto a la informalidad en la articulación y planificación debido a la falta de tiempo y recursos disponibles. De este modo, como conclusión se plantea que existe una necesidad constante de adaptaciones curriculares, pues son un mecanismo que permite lograr la individualización de la enseñanza, mejorando la calidad de vida y la educación especial en Chile.

  5. Barriers to Curricular Change in General Education Mathematics at a Large Public Institution

    OpenAIRE

    Jorgensen, Marcus

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study looked for barriers to curricular change in general education mathematics at a large public university (LPU) in the Western United States. The literature showed that a number of national organizations dealing in math education have recommended alternatives to the traditional algebra-intensive curriculum. LPU still relies predominantly on traditional College Algebra as its quantitative literacy (QL) course. With such an algebra-heavy emphasis, students may be missing mor...

  6. Caracterización del conocimiento didáctico del contenido curricular

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    Yolanda GOMEZ POVEDA

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo de maestría pretendió caracterizar el conocimiento didáctico del contenido curricular (CDCC de los profesores de ciencias respecto al concepto de discontinuidad de la materia, para ello establece una trama didáctica para la enseñanza de dicho concepto a partir de la elaboración de la trama histórica – epistemológica de los modelos teóricos precuánticos y cuánticos. La presente investigación es un estudio de caso que intentó incidir directamente en las profesoras de ciencias de la Institución Educativa Distrital Prospero Pinzón IED; se desarrolló bajo la metodología de investigación cualitativa interpretativa, enmarcada dentro de la línea de investigación didáctica de los contenidos curriculares en química, bajo el proyecto de investigación: conocimiento didáctico del contenido curricular de química (DQU025-07 y el diseño de tramas conceptuales (Parga y Martínez, 2006.

  7. Demandas académicas y afrontamiento en estudiantes con adecuaciones curriculares

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    Alejandra Alfaro-Barquero

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación descrita en estas páginas pretende identificar cuáles variables del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, influyen en el afrontamiento exitoso de las demandas del sistema educativo por parte de estudiantes con problemas de aprendizaje. Con este fin, se elaboró y aplicó un cuestionario estructurado sobre características académico-cognoscitivas y socio-emocionales a través de un estudio comparativo, que incluyó estudiantes con y sin adecuaciones curriculares, en una muestra de doscientos cincuenta y un educandos de colegios públicos, urbanos y académicos. Del estudio se puede concluir que no existen grandes diferencias entre el tipo de recursos que emplean los estudiantes con y sin adecuaciones curriculares, salvo que los primeros presentan desventajas socio-emocionales. Sin embargo, quienes poseen adecuación curricular otorgan más importancia al apoyo familiar y docente y parecen presentar mayores niveles de tolerancia a la frustración.

  8. Curricular guidelines and citizenship attitudes in Latin American students: a comparative analysis

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    Martín Bascopé, Chile

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available (analítico: Los currículos son progresivamente relevantes para educar futuros ciudadanos activos. En este contexto, se vuelve fundamental explorar la relación entre las directrices curriculares y cómo la educación ciudadana es efectivamente alcanzada por los estudiantes en países Latinoamericanos. Por ello este artículo tiene por objetivo evaluar comparativamente la visión institucional expresada en cada currículum y las perspectivas de los estudiantes sobre asuntos ciudadanos. El análisis factorial exploratorio y el análisis estadístico descriptivo curricular se basan en dos fuentes valiosas y complementarias, respectivamente: El Estudio Internacional de Educación Cívica y Ciudadana (ICCS y el Sistema Regional de Competencias de Ciudadanía (Sredecc. Luego de una comparación sistemática de ambas fuentes este estudio revela que varios aspectos curriculares son coherentes con las actitudes y creencias de los estudiantes, y sugiere pautas para mejorar y expandir la educación ciudadana en América Latina, considerando la importancia de esta para la formación de una ciudadanía activa.

  9. Extra-curricular physical activity and socioeconomic status in Italian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Torre, Giuseppe; Masala, Daniele; De Vito, Elisabetta; Langiano, Elisa; Capelli, Giovanni; Ricciardi, Walter

    2006-01-31

    The relationship between physical activity and health status has been thoroughly investigated in several studies, while the relation between physical activity and socio-economic status (SES) is less investigated. The aim of this study was to measure the extra-curricular physical activity of adolescents related to the socio-economic status (SES) of their families. The survey was carried out by submitting an anonymous questionnaire to junior high school students in the following Regions: Lazio, Abruzzo, Molise, Campania, Puglia, during the school year 2002-2003. Extra-curriculum physical activity was evaluated considering whether or not present and hours of activity weekly conducted. 2411 students agreed to participate in the study. Participants were 1121 males (46.5%) and 1290 females (53.5%), aged between 11 and 17 years (median age: 12 years). 71.1% of the students reported to practice extra-curricular physical activity. Parents' educational levels and work activities play an important role in predicting students' physical activity, with the more remunerative activities and higher educational levels being more predictive. The results confirm the relationship between adolescents' physical activity and their families' SES. In particular, a positive relationship between participation in extra-curricular physical activity and their families high SES was found. These data will be useful for school administrators and for politicians in order to reduce the gap between adolescents from the least and most disadvantaged families.

  10. Extra-curricular physical activity and socioeconomic status in Italian adolescents

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    Langiano Elisa

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The relationship between physical activity and health status has been thoroughly investigated in several studies, while the relation between physical activity and socio-economic status (SES is less investigated. The aim of this study was to measure the extra-curricular physical activity of adolescents related to the socio-economic status (SES of their families. Methods The survey was carried out by submitting an anonymous questionnaire to junior high school students in the following Regions: Lazio, Abruzzo, Molise, Campania, Puglia, during the school year 2002–2003. Extra-curriculum physical activity was evaluated considering whether or not present and hours of activity weekly conducted. 2411 students agreed to participate in the study. Results Participants were 1121 males (46.5% and 1290 females (53.5%, aged between 11 and 17 years (median age: 12 years. 71.1% of the students reported to practice extra-curricular physical activity. Parents' educational levels and work activities play an important role in predicting students' physical activity, with the more remunerative activities and higher educational levels being more predictive. Conclusion The results confirm the relationship between adolescents' physical activity and their families' SES. In particular, a positive relationship between participation in extra-curricular physical activity and their families high SES was found. These data will be useful for school administrators and for politicians in order to reduce the gap between adolescents from the least and most disadvantaged families.

  11. The development of substance-abuse curricular content by five North Carolina schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, W L; Applegate, S N; Stein, R M; Lohr, J A

    1998-10-01

    In 1992, the four medical schools in North Carolina and that state's dental school initiated a four-year project to more thoroughly integrate content about substance abuse into their curricula. The project was based on the premise that medical schools are failing to provide their students with adequate training about substance abuse issues, yet substance abuse is a large and growing source of health problems nationwide. While the authors indicate in broad ways the kinds of curricular content that the project sought, in this article they concentrate on the processes by which key faculty, administrators, and staff members from all the schools worked together in the curriculum development process, with each school tailoring the project's findings to the needs of its own students. Phase I of the project focused on the selection and orientation of the key faculty and members of the working committee at each institution, and garnering institutional support. Phase II focused on the development by key faculty of the project's philosophy, goals, and objectives; conducting needs assessment and curriculum analysis at each school; and identifying the content needed. During Phase III, project participants refined the needed content and integrated it, in individual ways, into each school's curriculum. Some (but not enough) evaluation of these curricular implementations was done. The authors highlight the lessons learned, both positive and negative, in hopes that these will be useful to other educators who wish to design, implement, and institutionalize substance-abuse curricular content.

  12. Medical student mental health 3.0: improving student wellness through curricular changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavin, Stuart J; Schindler, Debra L; Chibnall, John T

    2014-04-01

    Medical education can have significant negative effects on the well-being of medical students. To date, efforts to improve student mental health have focused largely on improving access to mental health providers, reducing the stigma and other barriers to mental health treatment, and implementing ancillary wellness programs. Still, new and innovative models that build on these efforts by directly addressing the root causes of stress that lie within the curriculum itself are needed to properly promote student wellness. In this article, the authors present a new paradigm for improving medical student mental health, by describing an integrated, multifaceted, preclinical curricular change program implemented through the Office of Curricular Affairs at the Saint Louis University School of Medicine starting in the 2009-2010 academic year. The authors found that significant but efficient changes to course content, contact hours, scheduling, grading, electives, learning communities, and required resilience/mindfulness experiences were associated with significantly lower levels of depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and stress, and significantly higher levels of community cohesion, in medical students who participated in the expanded wellness program compared with those who preceded its implementation. The authors discuss the utility and relevance of such curricular changes as an overlooked component of change models for improving medical student mental health.

  13. The curricular training and the didactics in training of teachers: challenges and possibilities

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    Cyntia Graziella Guizelim Simões Girotto

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we addressed aspects of the disciplines “Curricular Training” and “Didactics” in the Pedagogy Course in training of teachers. The main objective is to emphasize upon submission of the work that we do in our teaching practice in the mentioned disciplines, the importance of linking the theory and the practice in training of teachers so that the teaching in the university it is not decontextualized but enriched with the issues of everyday school life. In this sense, we address, initially, the aspects of the Curricular training as a mediator link of the learning, of the articulation of the curriculum and of the practices and, in this view, as a productive conduit between the university and the basic education, stressing the need for the reception of the contribution that each institutions within its specificity, must provide in the training courses. In sequence, we present aspects of the structure of the work we do with our students in Early Childhood Education Curricular Training. Finally, are detailed the aspects of a Didactics for the teachers of early childhood education and for the early years of Fundamental Education, focusing on narratives of in-service teachers on their experiences teaching in search of new systematization of pedagogical practice and on by own teachers.

  14. Teacher training: challenges and possibilities of teaching of reproduction and sexuality in supervised curricular stage

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    Mayara Lustosa de Oliveira

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This work has its origins in a survey conducted during the supervised curricular stage of Biological Sciences course at Federal University of Goiás. The article describes critically and analytically every step of the curricular stage, especially the classes with the themes: reproduction and sexuality. The classes were taught to elementary students in State College St. Bernadete in Goiânia-GO. To facilitate the process of teaching and learning the trainees divided the themes into subtopics, and several teaching resources were developed for each subtopic. The research was descriptive and exploratory, using interviews with school students, teachers, supervisors and college students to collect data that allowed assessing the success of the teaching methodologies applied by the teachers in training. The field diaries of the trainees were also used to compose the analysis. Through the statements of the participants, it is considered that the methods achieved their goal in clarifying the issues. The resources used not only brought understanding, but encouraged the participation of the students. The article has been organized according to the steps of the curricular stage and it exposes all the impressions of the supervising teachers, school students and undergraduates during the internship, highlighting, comments, concerns, planning and execution process of the activities.

  15. Implantação da proposta curricular do estado de São Paulo/2008; o caderno do professor

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    Célia Maria David

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo é um relato de pesquisa que realizei sobre a implantação da Proposta Curricular do Estado de São Paulo/2008, na Rede Oficial de Ensino do município de Franca, nos anos de 2008-2010. O objetivo foi conhecer e analisar o processo de elaboração e os mecanismos de implementação desta proposta. A pesquisa orientou-se por procedimento de natureza exploratória realizada de forma qualitativa com base na análise de conteúdo. Foram analisados: o kit de documentos que a compõem, a legislação pertinente e bibliografia especializada. Para este relato privilegiei a análise do Caderno do Professor, que compõe o kit de documentos da referida proposta, por considerá-lo, de maneira especial,como ponto - chave do currículo e por configurar-se como guia do trabalho do professor, portanto veículo singular da implantação.O que se pode afirmar é que este material foi elaborado de maneira autoritária, encaminhado de cima para baixo e colocou em xeque a autonomia do professor em sala de aula.

  16. A escola inclusiva e estratégias para fazer frente a ela: as adaptações curriculares = The inclusive school strategies to deal with it: the curricular adaptations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eladio Sebastian Heredero

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Embora tenhamos trabalhado durante quase três décadas sobre os modelos de resposta para atender, em nossas escolas, aos alunos com deficiência, ainda estamos no debate sobre qual é a melhor estratégia. Este trabalho, partindo de uma análise da situação da escola inclusiva no Brasil, tem como objetivo analisar, de um lado, quais são os modelos desenvolvidos de inclusão nas escolas brasileiras e, de outro, estudar as adaptações curriculares como estratégia compatível com modelos inclusivos. O fundo da questão a analisar não está no próprio instrumento, que sempre foi avaliado como recurso com altas potencialidades, porém, muitas vezes, mal estruturado; por isso, propomos uma forma prática de desenvolvê-las, nos diferentes níveis, e um modelo estruturado e testado. Pretendemos, nesta reflexão, trazer ante a comunidade científica a necessidade de consenso de um instrumento, com outras estratégias erecursos, que permitam ao professor programar objetivos e conteúdos, neste modelo de adapta��ão curricular - ACI, o mais próximo possível ao que está sendo feito na própria sala de aula, que o aluno está freqüentando, e que os seus colegas estão desenvolvendo. Esta é a única forma de incluir, realmente, este aluno, portador de necessidades especiais, numa chamada escola inclusiva.Although we have been working and discussing for nearly two decades about models to deal with students with special education needs in our schools, we are still debating about the most suitable methodology to apply. This paper tries to analyse the fact that adapted curriculum materials may be a methodological model compatible with the inclusive approach. The key to the question is not the tool itself: adapted curriculum materials have always been considered a versatile resource (despite sometimes being poorly structured. The problem lies on the fact that adapted curriculum materials are designed ignoring the usual activities programmed for

  17. Electrode materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amine, Khalil; Abouimrane, Ali; Belharouak, Ilias

    2017-01-31

    A process for forming a surface-treatment layer on an electroactive material includes heating the electroactive material and exposing the electroactive material to a reducing gas to form a surface-treatment layer on the electroactive material, where the surface-treatment layer is a layer of partial reduction of the electroactive material.

  18. Trigonometry--Mathematical Curricular Areas and Instructional Computing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frandsen, Henry

    1981-01-01

    The computer has enormous potential for enhancing the secondary trigonometry curriculum. Areas that can be improved through use of the computer include: solutions of triangles, inductive investigations of functions, graphs of functions, and solution of trigonometric identities. (JN)

  19. Illuminated Medieval Newspaper: Cross Curricular Research for World History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Light, Carol

    1996-01-01

    Describes an integrated curriculum approach to world history using a "medieval" newspaper as a primary student project. Presents technical requirements, a newspaper outline, and recommendations for research and writing. Includes recommendations for student evaluation and teacher resources. (CFR)

  20. Optical modulator including grapene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Ming; Yin, Xiaobo; Zhang, Xiang

    2016-06-07

    The present invention provides for a one or more layer graphene optical modulator. In a first exemplary embodiment the optical modulator includes an optical waveguide, a nanoscale oxide spacer adjacent to a working region of the waveguide, and a monolayer graphene sheet adjacent to the spacer. In a second exemplary embodiment, the optical modulator includes at least one pair of active media, where the pair includes an oxide spacer, a first monolayer graphene sheet adjacent to a first side of the spacer, and a second monolayer graphene sheet adjacent to a second side of the spacer, and at least one optical waveguide adjacent to the pair.

  1. Visual Impairment, Including Blindness

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Who Knows What? Survey Item Bank Search for: Visual Impairment, Including Blindness Links updated, April 2017 En ... doesn’t wear his glasses. Back to top Visual Impairments in Children Vision is one of our ...

  2. Aportes curriculares para la educación en medios: un proceso en construcción Curricular Contribution to Media Education: a Work in Progress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Opertti

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de la educación en medios desde una perspectiva educativa y curricular es el objeto de este trabajo que enfatiza el desarrollo de las competencias que requieren los alumnos para su participación activa en el mundo actual. Se analizan los procesos de desarrollo curricular que, integrados por componentes políticos y técnicos, reflejan el tipo de sociedad que aspiramos a construir. Asimismo, se presenta el concepto de educación inclusiva como una visión educativa que busca garantizar el derecho que tienen todos los niños, jóvenes y adultos a recibir una educación adaptada a sus expectativas, necesidades y formas de aprendizaje, asegurando la participación y la igualdad de oportunidades. Se introduce el concepto de un currículo «glo-local»; que se sustenta en el desarrollo de competencias en los estudiantes para posibilitar una retroalimentación entre las realidades globales y locales, vinculando las escuelas a las situaciones de la vida cotidiana. El trabajo concluye afirmando el carácter transversal que debiera tener una educación en medios en el currículo, lo cual requiere, entre otras cosas, de una formación docente de calidad, fluida comunicación entre los docentes y propuestas educativas sólidas e incluyentes sustentadas en procesos participativos de consenso. The autor addresses the analysis of media and information literacy from an education and curricular perspective emphasizing the development of competencies that students require in order to have an active participation in the current world. He analyses the processes of curriculum development that, made up by political and technical components, reflect the type of society we wish to construct. Likewise, he presents the concept of inclusive education as an educational vision that aims at guaranteeing the right of all children, young people and adults to receive an education accommodated to their expectations, needs and forms of learning, assuring

  3. Writing Instruction for Teacher Candidates: Strengthening a Weak Curricular Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grisham, Dana L.; Wolsey, Thomas Devere

    2011-01-01

    In this case study, two teacher educators in literacy examined teacher candidates' (N = 24) learning of writing instruction across a three-course sequence of literacy methods. Data collected included a survey of candidates' knowledge of writing instruction, their formal observations of writing lessons in their student-teaching placements, a…

  4. How to Fight the High Cost of Curricular Glut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bugeja, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Curriculum management is at the source of issues consuming academics, including high tuition, low adjunct pay, shared governance, graduate education, academic calendars, and budgetary models. The issue has the most impact at Ph.D.-granting public universities, but any institution can benefit from analyzing the source of poorly managed pedagogy,…

  5. American Association of Dental Schools Curricular Guidelines for Orthodontics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Dental Education, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Guidelines reviewed and approved by the American Association of Dental Schools and sent to the Council on Dental Education in June 1979 are outlined. Educational goals and objectives and sequence of instruction (including growth and development, preclinical orthodontics, and clinical experience) are discussed. (MLW)

  6. American Association of Dental Schools Curricular Guidelines for Orthodontics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Dental Education, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Guidelines reviewed and approved by the American Association of Dental Schools and sent to the Council on Dental Education in June 1979 are outlined. Educational goals and objectives and sequence of instruction (including growth and development, preclinical orthodontics, and clinical experience) are discussed. (MLW)

  7. Dermatologic surgery on the chest wall in patients with a cardiac surgery history: a review of material that may be encountered intraoperatively, including potential complications and suggestions for proceeding safely.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucher, Elizabeth Foley; Kim, Andrew; Givan, Jason; Maloney, Mary E

    2016-03-01

    Thoracic surgical procedures and the use of cardiac devices such as pacemakers are becoming increasingly prevalent in the population. As such, dermatologists may have a greater likelihood of encountering previously implanted or abandoned surgical material in the course of dermatologic surgery on the chest wall. A basic understanding of the wire types and the tunneling paths utilized in such procedures is important in accurately anticipating the presence of these wires to effectively manage any chance encounters. We present a review on temporary epicardial pacing wires, temporary transvenous pacing wires, pacemaker leads, and surgical steel sutures in the context of dermatologic surgery. A literature review was performed on frequently used wire material in patients with a history of cardiac surgery as well as related dermatologic complications from these materials. Dermatologic surgeons should particularly be aware that temporary epicardial pacing wires and pacemaker leads are not uncommonly abandoned in the chest wall of many patients. All patients with a cardiac surgery history should be questioned about possible retained wires. If wire material is encountered intraoperatively, immediately stop the procedure and do not attempt further manipulation of the wire until suggested steps are taken to ascertain the wire type.

  8. Curriculum Design for Inquiry: Preservice Elementary Teachers' Mobilization and Adaptation of Science Curriculum Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Cory T.; Davis, Elizabeth A.

    2010-01-01

    Curriculum materials are crucial tools with which teachers engage students in science as inquiry. In order to use curriculum materials effectively, however, teachers must develop a robust capacity for pedagogical design, or the ability to mobilize a variety of personal and curricular resources to promote student learning. The purpose of this study…

  9. Materials Development in English as a Second Language: An Indian Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meganathan, Rama

    2008-01-01

    This article presents the process of recent curricular revision and material development in English at the national level in India in a limited way. Teachers' needs and wants, their participation in the development of materials, the dilemmas of teachers and their implications for classroom transactions are discussed from the experiences of one of…

  10. DIGEST MATERIALS FOR IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY. VOLUME 3, ROMANTIC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MOORE, JUNE

    PREPARED AS PART OF "PROJECT IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY," THIS VOLUME CONTAINS CURRICULAR MATERIALS REPRESENTING THE ROMANTIC PERIOD. A MUSICAL HISTORY OF THE PERIOD IS GIVEN, AS WELL AS HISTORIES OF THE COMPOSERS AND THEIR INDIVIDUAL COMPOSITIONS. THE MATERIALS ARE PREPARED FOR THREE DEGREES OF TECHNICAL…

  11. DIGEST MATERIALS FOR IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY. VOLUME 1, BAROQUE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MOORE, JUNE

    PREPARED AS PART OF "PROJECT IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY," THIS VOLUME CONTAINS CURRICULAR MATERIALS REPRESENTING THE BAROQUE PERIOD. A MUSICAL HISTORY OF THE PERIOD IS GIVEN, AS WELL AS HISTORIES OF THE COMPOSERS AND THEIR INDIVIDUAL COMPOSITIONS. THE MATERIALS ARE PREPARED FOR THREE DEGREES OF TECHNICAL…

  12. Student Reactions to Learning Theory Based Curriculum Materials in Linear Algebra--A Survey Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, Laurel; Vidakovic, Draga; Martin, William O.; Dexter, Scott; Suzuki, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    In this report we examine students' perceptions of the implementation of carefully designed curriculum materials (called modules) in linear algebra courses at three different universities. The curricular materials were produced collaboratively by STEM and mathematics education faculty as members of a professional learning community (PLC) over…

  13. Reduction of the anxiety of medical students after curricular reform Redução da ansiedade de estudantes de medicina após reforma curricular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Waldo Zuardi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Curricular structure may interfere in students' anxiety level at medical schools. The objective of this study was to assess anxiety levels in medical students before and after a curriculum reform at the Medical School of Ribeirão Preto and to compare them with students at other courses that had no curricular changes in the same university campus. METHOD: Study samples were obtained in two moments: 1 two years before the reform; 2 after the reform when the reformed curriculum completed its fourth year. The pre-sample (former curriculum consisted of 307 medical students and 217 students from psychology and biology courses. The post-sample (new curriculum was composed of 330 medical students and 194 students from psychology and biology courses. Anxiety was assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI. RESULTS: Comparing the pre with the post sample, we found STAI-T scores of the students under the former curriculum were significantly higher in the first (42.9 + 1.08 and second (41.9 + 1.1 years than the STAI-T scores of the medical students under the new curriculum (38.1 + 1.0 and 37.9 + 1.06, respectively. Students from other courses and 5th year medical students, who followed the same curriculum, did not show any significant differences between different samples. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that changes to medical school curricula may reduce the medical student' levels of anxiety in the first two years of the course.OBJETIVOS: Características da estrutura curricular podem interferir no nível de ansiedade dos alunos do curso médico. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o nível de ansiedade nos alunos do curso médico, antes e depois de uma reforma no currículo da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, comparando com outros cursos, do mesmo campus da universidade, que não tiveram mudanças curriculares. MÉTODO: As amostras do estudo foram obtidas em dois tempos distintos: 1 dois anos antes da reforma; 2 pós a

  14. Formação profissional ética: um compromisso a partir das diretrizes curriculares? Ethical professional education: a commitment based on the curricular guidelines?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirelle Finkler

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Esta reflexão problematiza o discurso e a prática que se estabelecem em torno do tema da formação ética dos profissionais da saúde e, mais particularmente, do cirurgião-dentista, situando o atual momento de implantação das Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais no ensino superior brasileiro. Procura-se, desta forma, indicar alguns limites e possibilidades para uma formação ética condizente com o novo perfil profissional almejado.This reflection questions the discourse and practice surrounding the ethical education of health professionals and, more particularly, of dentists, situating the current state of deployment of the National Curriculum Guidelines in Brazilian Higher Education. The goal is to point to a few limits and possibilities for an ethical education in line with the new professional profile that is sought.

  15. Políticas curriculares descentralizadas: autonomia ou recentralização? Decentralized curricular policies: autonomy or re-centralization?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Augusto Pacheco

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available No período da reforma das décadas de 1980 e 1990, a idéia das políticas curriculares descentralizadas tornou-se central no discurso educacional. O Estado poderá usar o discurso da descentralização para defender mais autonomia e responsabilidade, tal como as forças de mercado poderão empregá-lo para orientar os seus objetivos em relação às escolas. Neste artigo pretendemos identificar uma série de diferentes significados para a palavra descentralização, argumentando que o currículo é um processo intencional e prático em que os principais atores são os professores e os alunos. O ponto central é como caminharmos fora das linhas. A provável resposta introduz a centralidade da escola sem minimizar a importância das questões curriculares.The idea of decentralization became central to educational discourse during the period of reform of the late 1980s and the 1990s. The State can use the discourse of decentralization to argue in favor of greater autonomy and responsibility, just as market forces can use it to attain their objectives in regard to schools. In this article our purpose is to identify a number of different meanings of the term decentralization, arguing that decisions regarding curricula are intentional and practical processes in which students and teachers are the main actors. The key question is how to move ahead off the beaten path. The probable answer will be based on the centrality of the school without minimizing the importance of curriculum-related issues.

  16. Propostas pedagógicas ou curriculares: subsídios para uma leitura crítica Curricular or pedagogical proposals: support for a critical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Kramer

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho, de natureza teóricoprática, visa apresentar uma alternativa de análise e construção de currículo. Foi produzido a partir de atividades de assessoria, acompanhamento e avaliação de políticas públicas de educação de diferentes órgãos públicos, especialmente municipais, e está baseado em pesquisas na área, tendo o objetivo de subsidiar a análise crítica de propostas pedagógicas ou curriculares. O texto é orientado pela teoria crítica da cultura e a autora parte do pressuposto de que toda proposta pedagógica é expressão de um projeto político e cultural. Destina-se em particular a profissionais que atuam nas redes de ensino regular. A análise aqui desenvolvida tenta sistematizar as principais questões que precisam ser respondidas na elaboração de projetos curriculares.This text has a theoretical and practical approach - it intends to present an alternative to curriculum analyses and curriculum construction. It is based on the activities of educational consultancy as well as on educational policies, evaluation practice managed by different public institutions, and on educational research, with the purpose of aiding pedagogical proposals or curricula projects. The text is guided by a critical theory of culture and the author assumes that every pedagogical project expresses a political and cultural project. It is aimed at, in particular, professionals who work or study in public education. The analysis developed here attempted to systemize the principal questions that have to be answered in order to elaborate curricula projects.

  17. La atención a la diversidad: del Modelo del Déficit al Modelo Curricular. Attention to Diversity: From the Deficit Model to the Curricular Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Arnaiz Sánchez

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un estudio llevado a cabo en una escuela de Educación Primaria (3-12 años en la Región de Murcia (Sureste de España, con la finalidad de conocer las características de la respuesta educativa que se estaba desarrollando con los alumnos con necesidades educativas especiales escolarizados en ella. En el planteamiento teórico se revisa la trayectoria de la integración escolar en España y se expone la conveniencia de trabajar desde un modelo curricular. Los resultados del estudio, realizado desde los parámetros de la interpretación cualitativa, a través del modelo de Doyle (1979, 1986,1987, evidencian cuáles son las estructuras organizativas y las tareas que más favorecen la participación e integración de los alumnos con necesidades educativas especiales en las aulas regulares. This article presents a research study developed in a Primary School (3 to 12 years in the county of Murcia (South east of Spain. The study?s aim was to establish the educational response carried out with learners with special education needs in the school. The theoretical framework reviews the course of school integration in Spain and establishes the need to work from a curricular model. The results of this study, which follows the qualitative analysis model by Doyle (1979, 1986, 1987, show the organization structures and tasks that promote participation and integration of students with special education needs in mainstream classrooms.

  18. Guia curricular de saúde para o ensino de 1.º grau Curricular guide of health for the first grade school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hebe da Silva Coelho

    1974-03-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta-se o "Guia Curricular de Saúde para o Ensino do 1.° Grau" aprovado oficialmente pela Secretaria de Educação do Estado de São Paulo para ser utilizado nas Escolas de 1.° grau. Após salientar os pontos fundamentais que foram levados em conta na sua elaboração - capacidade de aprendizado do escolar; situação do ensino formalizado de Saúde dentro do conjunto que se relaciona com a Saúde do Escolar; visão bio-psico-social de Saúde - foram destacados os objetivos gerais do guia e englobados o conteúdo de ensino em quatro temas básicos: Crescimento e Desenvolvimento; Nutrição; Higiene Física, Mental e Social; Agravos à Saúde. O conteúdo de cada tema básico é, depois, distribuido por série escolar e, finalmente, detalhados os objetivos específicos para cada série.There were presented the "Curricular Guide of Health for the First Grade School" which were oficially approved by Educational Department of S. Paulo State, Brazil, and which is to used for the First Grade School. There were emphasized the fundamental points which were used in the elaboration of the guide such as - the capacity of learning of the scholar; the situation of Education in Health in the context related to the Scholar Health; the bio-psycho-social view of Health - there were pointed out the general objectives which cover the education contents in four bascial items: Knowledge and development; Nutrition; Physical, Mental and Social Hygiene; Health damage. The content of each basical item is distributed for each year of the first grade school in order to cover specific objectives for each year.

  19. Dermatologic surgery on the chest wall in patients with a cardiac surgery history: a review of material that may be encountered intraoperatively, including potential complications and suggestions for proceeding safely

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Foley Bucher, MD

    2016-03-01

    Results & Conclusion: Dermatologic surgeons should particularly be aware that temporary epicardial pacing wires and pacemaker leads are not uncommonly abandoned in the chest wall of many patients. All patients with a cardiac surgery history should be questioned about possible retained wires. If wire material is encountered intraoperatively, immediately stop the procedure and do not attempt further manipulation of the wire until suggested steps are taken to ascertain the wire type.

  20. Analytic device including nanostructures

    KAUST Repository

    Di Fabrizio, Enzo M.

    2015-07-02

    A device for detecting an analyte in a sample comprising: an array including a plurality of pixels, each pixel including a nanochain comprising: a first nanostructure, a second nanostructure, and a third nanostructure, wherein size of the first nanostructure is larger than that of the second nanostructure, and size of the second nanostructure is larger than that of the third nanostructure, and wherein the first nanostructure, the second nanostructure, and the third nanostructure are positioned on a substrate such that when the nanochain is excited by an energy, an optical field between the second nanostructure and the third nanostructure is stronger than an optical field between the first nanostructure and the second nanostructure, wherein the array is configured to receive a sample; and a detector arranged to collect spectral data from a plurality of pixels of the array.

  1. "ASTRO 101" Course Materials 2.0: Next Generation Lecture Tutorials and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Stephanie; Grazier, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    Early efforts to create course materials were often local in scale and were based on "gut instinct," and classroom experience and observation. While subsequent efforts were often based on those same instincts and observations of classrooms, they also incorporated the results of many years of education research. These "second generation" course materials, such as lecture tutorials, relied heavily on research indicating that instructors need to actively engage students in the learning process. While imperfect, these curricular innovations, have provided evidence that research-based materials can be constructed, can easily be disseminated to a broad audience, and can provide measureable improvement in student learning across many settings. In order to improve upon this prior work, next generation materials must build upon the strengths of these innovations while engineering in findings from education research, cognitive science, and instructor feedback. A next wave of materials, including a set of next generation lecture tutorials, have been constructed with attention to the body of research on student motivation, and cognitive load; and they are responsive to our body of knowledge on learning difficulties related to specific content in the domain. From instructor feedback, these materials have been constructed to have broader coverage of the materials typically taught in an ASTRO 101 course, to take less class time, and to be more affordable for students. This next generation of lecture tutorials may serve as a template of the ways in which course materials can be reengineered to respond to current instructor and student needs.

  2. Teaching and assessing nutrition competence in a changing curricular environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abood, Sarah K

    2008-01-01

    In the past, the required introductory veterinary nutrition course at Michigan State University's College of Veterinary Medicine (MSU-CVM) has provided 29 hours of didactic lectures, with student performance evaluated by short-answer or multiple-choice questions. Because of a 50% reduction in allotted course credits and a change in prerequisites for admission, the course is being redesigned to focus on three of 29 nutrition competencies outlined by the American College of Veterinary Nutrition. Professional communication skills will be developed through small-group learning experiences, case-based problems, and videotaped interviews with standardized clients to teach and assess nutrition competencies. Assessment strategies will differ from traditional multiple-choice examinations and include pre- and post-course self-efficacy ratings, written evaluations from trained standardized clients, and oral and written evaluations from coaches or facilitators.

  3. Transforming Dental Technology Education: Skills, Knowledge, and Curricular Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobich, Anita M; Mitchell, Betty L

    2017-09-01

    Dental technology is one of the core allied dental health professions supporting the practice of dentistry. By definition, it is the art, science, and technologies that enable the design and fabrication of dental prostheses and/or corrective devices to restore natural teeth and supporting structures to fulfill a patient's physiological and esthetic needs. Dental technology educational programs are faced with serious challenges, including rapid changes in technology, inadequate funding for educational programs, and the need to develop curricula that reflect current industry needs. Better communications between dental technologists and practitioners are needed to gain greater recognition of the contribution that technologists make to patient health. Amid these challenges, the technology workforce is dedicated to providing patients with the best possible restorative dental prostheses. This article was written as part of the project "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century."

  4. EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF); Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 23, Revision 3 (FGE.23Rev3): Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic ethers including anisole derivatives from chemical groups 15, 16, 22, 26 and 30

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, John Christian; Nørby, Karin Kristiane; Beltoft, Vibe Meister;

    of the MSDI approach. Besides the safety assessment of these flavouring substances, the specifications for the materials of commerce have also been considered. Specifications including complete purity criteria and identity for the materials of commerce have been provided for all 20 candidate substances....

  5. Batteries not included

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valiante, U.

    1999-01-01

    Serious questions have arisen about the environmental damage caused by cadmium from rechargeable nickel cadmium batteries in municipal solid waste. Sweden, Belgium, several American states and Canadian provinces either have enacted, or are contemplating legislation to address disposal of cadmium-containing batteries. In a preemptive strike, industry is now developing its own recycling initiatives through the Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC), established in the USA in 1996, and launched in Ontario in September 1997. The primary role of RBRC in Canada is to collect licensee funds from participating battery manufacturers and administer Ni-Cd battery recycling programs. RBRC is also tasked to establish consensus within provincial and federal regulatory bodies with regard to the issue of Ni-Cd battery waste management. Mounting concerns are expressed about conflicting statistics as to the volume of batteries collected for recycling, and more particularly, about the method of recycling that RBRC may be contemplating. The fear is that in the absence of a profitable incentive to battery distributors, or a profitable product that might result from the recycled material, combined with the pressure of the high cost of recycling Ni-Cd batteries, many of the recovered batteries could end up in landfills sites for hazardous wastes. This is especially likely since Ni-Cd batteries are not banned from landfill sites in Ontario. It is the view of this author that while RBRC`s `charge up to recycle` program makes all the right noises, it lacks a meaningful approach to actually increase diversion, measure results, or to prevent Ni-Cd rechargeable batteries from entering the solid waste stream.

  6. PCN - CONHECIMENTOS DE QUÍMICA, UM OLHAR SOBRE AS ORIENTAÇÕES CURRICULARES OFICIAIS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albino Oliveira Nunes

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Os Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais para o Ensino Médio foram elaborados para guiar a prática docente rumo a uma reforma educacional pretendida para o modelo brasileiro em consonância com a Lei de Diretrizes e Bases da Educação Brasileira (LDB, 1996. Esse documento foi elaborado por especialistas das diversas áreas a pedido do Ministério da Educação, processo distinto do desejado que seria a construção em processo democrático onde os professores tivessem a possibilidade de produzir um documento que orientaria a direção de suas práticas pedagógicas, onde o docente se sentiria como co-participante do processo. Além disso, há que se levar em consideração a adequação deste documento quanto ao objetivo de orientar a (reconstrução curricular. Notadamente na secção PCN – Conhecimentos de Química, este documento apresenta insuficiências significativas para o seu propósito, tais como: superficialidade, discurso autoritário, etc. Contudo, o PCN – Ciências da Natureza, Matemática e suas Tecnologias, pode ser visto como um marco, uma vez que fomenta o debate sobre a reestruturação curricular do ensino de ciências e matemática em nosso país.

  7. Reflective writing by final year medical students: lessons for curricular change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganesh, Alka; Ganesh, Gayatri

    2010-01-01

    Reflective writinghas been used in undergraduate medical curricula to inculcate empathetic attitudes in medical students. Journal writing has been used to enhance reflection in a confidential space. We aimed to introduce our medical students to reflective writing of their daily experiences, both to enhance empathetic attitudes as well as to use the entries to Inform curricular changes. We invited 16 final year medical students posted in the Department of Medicine to record their emotional experiences during a 6-week posting. Freedom to abstain without prejudice was emphasized, yet all 16 students complied. According to the principle of grounded theory, the entries were grouped into 8 themes: (i) doctor-patient relationship; (ii) personal inadequacy; (iii) empathy; (iv) communication skills; (v) doctor's competence; (vi) patient behaviour; (vii) hospital practices; and (viii) personal feelings. There were 179 entries which were evaluable under the above categories, with no significant gender differences. Based on the entries, the following curricular suggestions were made: (i) use of diaries by medical students to express their emotional reactions and make value judgements, followed by guided discussion by experienced facilitators; (ii) introduction of communication skills courses at appropriate points to enhance Interview skills, empathetic listening, conflict resolution and breaking bad news; (iii) encourage reflection on healthcare delivery and its inequities and suggest methods of dealing with individual patients; and (iv) use of positive feedback and encouragement by faculty. Conclusions. Reflective journal writing by medical students in India gives valuable insights into improving communication skills and professionalism. Appropriate curricular changes should be made to meet the challenges posed by the existing healthcare system.

  8. Curricular integration of social medicine: a prospective for medical educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderbilt, Allison A; Baugh, Reginald F; Hogue, Patricia A; Brennan, Julie A; Ali, Imran I

    2016-01-01

    In the United States, the health of a community falls on a continuum ranging from healthy to unhealthy and fluctuates based on several variables. Research policy and public health practice literature report substantial disparities in life expectancy, morbidity, risk factors, and quality of life, as well as persistence of these disparities among segments of the population. One such way to close this gap is to streamline medical education to better prepare our future physicians for our patients in underserved communities. Medical schools have the potential to close the gap when training future physicians by providing them with the principles of social medicine that can contribute to the reduction of health disparities. Curriculum reform and systematic formative assessment and evaluative measures can be developed to match social medicine and health disparities curricula for individual medical schools, thus assuring that future physicians are being properly prepared for residency and the workforce to decrease health inequities in the United States. We propose that curriculum reform includes an ongoing social medicine component for medical students. Continued exposure, practice, and education related to social medicine across medical school will enhance the awareness and knowledge for our students. This will result in better preparation for the zero mile stone residency set forth by the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education and will eventually lead to the outcome of higher quality physicians in the United States to treat diverse populations.

  9. Synthesis of Cathode Material "Carbon-included" LiFePO4 by Microwave Heating%微波法制备掺碳LiFePO4正极材料

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小建; 任俊霞; 李宇展; 魏进平; 高学平; 阎杰

    2005-01-01

    Cathode material LiFePO4 of lithium-ion battery was synthesized by microwave heating. The “carbonincluded” LiFePO4 with improved conductivity was synthesized by the addition of graphite. And the influence of microwave-heating time on structure, morphology and charge/discharge performance of the products was discussed. The results of XRD, SEM, XPS, CV and charge/discharge testing measurements showed that the LiFePO4 product after 9 min in microwave oven had more advantages than other products.

  10. Developing a curricular module for introductory geophysics or structural geology courses to quantify crustal strain using EarthScope PBO GPS velocities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronin, V. S.; Resor, P. G.; Hammond, W. C.; Kreemer, C. W.; Olds, S. E.; Pratt-Sitaula, B.; West, N. W.

    2012-12-01

    A group from several UNAVCO-member institutions that are engaged in EarthScope research is developing resources that introduce geoscience majors to one important use of GPS geodesy: measuring the current infinitesimal strain rate of the crust. These resources will be tested during the 2012-13 academic year, and will be accessible from the Science Education Resource Center (SERC), UNAVCO and EarthScope websites. Location and velocity data (and their associated uncertainties) from the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) website are used to solve a perfectly constrained problem involving the infinitesimal strain of a triangle defined by three PBO GPS sites. Simple physical models made of inexpensive materials are used to build student intuition about homogeneous strain of a continuum. Introductory exercises with vector-field maps are used to help students understand reference frames and visualize how GPS velocity vectors can indicate crustal strain. The meanings of "extension" and "stretch" are developed through illustrations showing the simultaneous deformation of a triangle with a circle inscribed within it. A strain primer, intended to supplement textbook material, is provided for students to develop needed background. Supplemental material about vectors, vector dot products, matrix mathematics, determinants, and computation of the eigensystem of a symmetric square matrix help support students who have gaps in their mathematical background. Students compute site velocities and uncertainties from PBO data, insert data into one of three strain calculators (open-source code in MatLab, Mathematica, and an Excel spreadsheet), and learn to interpret the output. A complete algorithm and worked example are also provided so that capable students can develop their own code to solve the problem. Strain calculator output includes the mean translation velocity vector, the rotational velocity, the relative magnitudes and directions of the horizontal infinitesimal strain

  11. Historia de la Administración de Justicia: materiales curriculares electrónicos

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Almira, María Magdalena

    2011-01-01

    El estudio de las fuentes e instituciones de la Historia de la Administración de Justicia a través de materiales curriculares electrónicos permite al alumno adquirir un conocimiento de la asignatura adaptado a nuevos espacios de socialización, nuevas habilidades y competencias técnicas, nuevas formas de educación y de aprendizaje. Los contenidos de la asignatura, relativos a las instituciones y fuentes de la Administración de Justicia en España a lo largo de la Historia, se han organizado sis...

  12. METODOLOGIA PARA ELABORAÇÃO DE MATRIZ CURRICULAR: INTEGRAÇÃO E TRANSVERSALIDADE

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    En el mundo del trabajo, el entrenamiento profesional hay sido un desafío constante a cada vez más implicando avances técnico-científicos, especialmente de los sistemas de información y comunicación. Este artículo presenta resultados de una investigación realizada con la aplicación de una metodología de elaboración de Matriz Curricular de Referencia. Tuve como objeto de estudio 53 Cursos de Educación Profesional Técnica de Nivel Medio del sistema Escuela Técnica Abierta de Brasil. El objetivo...

  13. Participación de los y las docentes en la transformación curricular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas Madrigal, Carolina

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este ensayo fue elaborado a partir del enlace de dos momentos: el primero, relacionado con la experiencia de la autora como docente universitaria, y como integrante y coordinadora de la Comisión de Currículum, de la Escuela de Trabajo Social, de la Universidad de Costa Rica. El segundo, propiciado por la reflexión sobre estas prácticas en un grupo de estudio sobre diseño curricular en el Centro de Evaluación Académica de la misma Universidad. Tener el espacio para conjugar experiencia y reflexión permitió retomar labores esenciales que las y los docentes pueden realizar para transformar el currículum, si se parte de una comprensión compleja, histórica y contextual de este. Se concluye, en este sentido, que el diseño y desarrollo curricular son dos momentos inseparables, donde el cuerpo docente puede tener una participación activa y crítica. El análisis realizado, fuertemente imbricado al referente de la propia práctica, se concreta en una propuesta de acciones posibles, cuya viabilidad aumenta si el profesorado cuenta con la formación necesaria, y con una actitud permanente de autocrítica y reflexión.Abstract: This essay was elaborated by the combination of two different moments; the first one related with the experience of the author in his labor as a university educator, and as a integrant and coordinator of the Curriculum Commission of the Social Work School at the University of Costa Rica. The second, based on this practices, propitiated by the reflections emanated from a group of study on curricular design, in the Center of Academic Evaluation of this University. Given this space for combine experience with reflection, permitted to retake essential labors that the docents can do to transform the curriculum, if it parts of a complex contextual and historic understanding of it. It’s concludes that in this sense, the curricular development and design, are two inseparable moments on who the docents can have an

  14. Innovación curricular en precálculo con calculadoras gráficas

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez, Pedro; Mesa, Vilma María; Carulla, Cristina; Valero, Paola; Gómez, Cristina

    1998-01-01

    La utilización de las calculadoras gráficas en la enseñanza y el aprendizaje del precálculo puede mirarse, no solamente desde el punto de vista de sus efectos en aspectos particulares del currículo, sino también desde la perspectiva de la complejidad y la dinámica del sistema curricular en el que se introduce, de tal manera que sea posible explorar la forma como sus elementos se relacionan y evolucionan en el tiempo. Con base en esta perspectiva, se estudiaron los efectos de la introducción d...

  15. Interactions 1 as an ELT coursebook: a curricular and theory-based scrutiny

    OpenAIRE

    Henry Sevilla Morales; Roy Gamboa Mena

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo analiza la pertinencia del libro Interactions 1 como texto utilizado en el curso IO-5400 Comunicación Oral I, perteneciente al primer año de la carrera de Bachillerato en la Enseñanza del inglés en una universidad pública en Costa Rica. En este sentido, se estudia la metodología propuesta en el texto, su diseño (imágenes, estrategias didácticas para el desarrollo de habilidades orales y auditivas, recursos que acompañan el texto, entre otros) y su enfoque curricular, a fi...

  16. Problemas conceptuales del curriculum. Hacia la implementación de la transversalidad curricular

    OpenAIRE

    Adda Torres Chirinos; Eulalio Fernández Sánchez

    2015-01-01

    Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar las diferentes concepciones del curriculum y los problemas para su implementación, desde la integralidad, a nivel universitario. Se parte de una metodología documental-descriptiva con un diseño de investigación bibliográfico. Los resultados arrojados dan cuenta de la incongruencia que ha existido en cuanto a los distintos intentos por llevar a cabo diversas acepciones curriculares a lo largo de los años. Se concluye que mediante la puesta en marc...

  17. Las adaptaciones curriculares de pequeno porte o no significativas en el contexto brasileño

    OpenAIRE

    Heredero, Eladio Sebastián

    2007-01-01

    La presente comunicación pretende conceptualizar qué se entiende por adaptaciones curriculares de pequeño porte dentro de la legislación brasileña, organizar todas las respuestas que a diferentes niveles pueden darse dentro de la escuela inclusiva que en estos momentos vivimos y además aportar ideas y estrategias concretas para organizar esta medida de atención a la diversidad de la manera más eficaz posible. A partir de la reflexión sobre el trabajo en el aula y de la experiencia vivida ...

  18. Derechos Humanos y transversalidad curricular: una propuesta para América Latina.

    OpenAIRE

    Núñez Picado, Dagoberto

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo plantea que los derechos humanos representan la temática integradora, por excelencia, de la dimensión psicoafectiva y la analítico-racional, con lo cual se cumple una primera característica de la transversalidad. Además señala que un segundo rasgo de la transversalidad presente en la temática de los derechos humanos se construye gracias al vínculo de interdisciplinariedad que permite. Para desarrollar el concepto de transversalidad curricular que se desprende de los derechos hum...

  19. Reforma curricular: el nuevo reto del asesor académico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Arango Forero

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La inminente reforma curricular que será implementada en la Facultad de Comunicación Social y Periodismo de la Universidad de La Sabana obliga a replantear mucho más que un plan de estudios. La nueva manera de formar a un comunicador, implica igualmente un reto especial a todo el cuerpo docente, que cumple, además, una función muy especial desde la Asesoría Académica Personalizada.

  20. Mental Discipline, Curricular Reform, and the Decline of U.S. Astronomy Education, 1893-1920

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marché, Jordan D., II

    Nineteenth-century astronomy education rested on a powerful rationale of support within American liberal arts colleges and high schools. Descriptive astronomy was widely regarded as suitable for improving a student's "mental discipline." But the collapse of mental discipline pedagogy, along with concurrent efforts to standardize and reform secondary-level curricula, were responsible for a significant post-1900 decline in astronomical teaching. As a result, astronomy education was not broadly reinstated into secondary curricula until after the launch of Sputnik in 1957. This report demonstrates that changing relationships between disciplinary specialties and pedagogical theories provide no guarantee of sustained curricular success--a conclusion equally relevant to today's science educators.

  1. Learning Online Environment for an Extra Curricular Course in Clinical Biochemistry

    OpenAIRE

    J.M. Martins; W.B. Maia; B.C. Araujo; S.B. Barreto; I.J. Aquino; L.G.C. Silva; A.L.A. Paiva; E.P.A. Lopes; M.G.F.M. Gomes; A.L.F. Porto

    2009-01-01

    Integration between digital technology and telecommunication resources present multiple possibilities regarding access to education, among them, the longdistance learning process. The purpose of this work is to offer a long distance extra  curricular course for health care students and professionals, intending to contribute with their continued education. The online cou rse (180h) was avail able on the webpage  www.ead.ufpe.biz in a LMS  platform(Learning Management System), in which 35 stude...

  2. Transversalidade de conteúdos nas diretrizes curriculares: o gênero no ensino da enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Sílvia Lúcia; Nascimento, Enilda Rosendo do

    2004-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre o conceito de gênero no ensino de Enfermagem da UFBA, tomando como base as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais do Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem. Apresenta-se, a partir da experiência em um currículo disciplinar, a possibilidade de inseri-lo como um conteúdo transversal, em um currículo integrado. A discussão desta proposta pretende contribuir com outras instituições de ensino que, no momento, passam pelo processo de mudança de currículo. O artigo apon...

  3. ¿Nueva forma de programar? Concreción curricular tras la LOMCE

    OpenAIRE

    Javier Rodríguez Torres; Purificación Cruz Cruz

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo principal revisar los cam- bios producidos en los documentos programáticos de los centros educati- vos, es decir, grandes o pequeñas modificaciones en los distintos niveles de concreción curricular tras la sucesión de "reformas de reformas" legis- lativas. Por otra parte, apoyar al profesorado que planifica su actividad para cumplir con lo estipulado por la autoridad competente, contextuali- zarlo en el entorno, para alejarse del intuicionismo y del ac...

  4. El papel de los materiales curriculares en la intervención educativa

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    En el presente artículo, el autor nos destaca el papel tan fundamental que juegan los materiales curriculares en el proceso educativo, aunque durante décadas un uso inadecuado de los mismos generó no pocos rechazos entre los partidarios de una nueva escuela que mejorara el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje de las nuevas generaciones. Por ello, en un primer momento, plantea la necesidad de diseñar materiales innovadores adecuados a las exigencias actuales de la sociedad y del nuevo sistema ed...

  5. Diseño curricular de inglés para 5º curso de EGB

    OpenAIRE

    Cerezal Sierra, Fernando

    1987-01-01

    Se ha realizado un proyecto de diseño curricular con estudiantes de 3er curso de Inglés de la Escuela de Magisterio de Guadalajara para dos cursos de 5º de EGB. A través de un trabajo en equipo, se han analizado la edad e intereses concretos de esos niños, se definieron unos objetivos flexibles previos, los contenidos y la metodología a seguir. La actividad de Magisterio, y al profesor-coordinador y los tutores de ambos curso, rectificando lo planificado previamente.

  6. Potencialidades de mudanças na graduação em engenharia de produção geradas pelas diretrizes curriculares Potentialities of changes in the production engineering undergraduate courses generated by the curricular guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando César Almada Santos

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as potencialidades de mudanças nos cursos de graduação em Engenharia de Produção geradas pela Resolução que institui as Diretrizes Curriculares para os cursos de graduação em Engenharia. Considerando-se competência como o elemento-chave das Diretrizes Curriculares, estudam-se diversas abordagens e propõe-se uma conceituação de competência.Como princípios relevantes da competência para o ensino de graduação em Engenharia de Produção, identificam-se: o enfrentamento de situações complexas e um novo olhar sobre o ensino, a pesquisa e a extensão; a mobilização e a interdisciplinaridade dos conhecimentos, habilidades e atitudes; e a singularidade da formação e da progressão da aprendizagem das competências. Em estudo de caso realizado no curso de graduação da EESC, analisa-se como as Diretrizes Curriculares, em especial o conceito de competência, geraram e causaram mudanças. Três momentos deste curso de graduação são analisados: a elaboração de projeto pedagógico, a reestruturação curricular e a gestão estratégica da graduação.This paper analyses the potentialities of changes in the Production Engineering undergraduate courses generated by the Curricular Guidelines for Engineering undergraduate courses. Considering competency as a fundamental concept of the Curricular Guidelines, several approaches are studied and a concept for competency is proposed. The following relevant principles of competency for the teaching of Production Engineering are identified: the ability to cope with complex situations and a new focus on teaching, research and extension; the mobilization and the interdisciplinary nature of knowledge, skills and attitudes; the singularity of formation and the progression of learning of the competencies. Within a case study carried out in managing the undergraduate course of Production Engineering of the EESC, the way the Curricular Guidelines and the concept of competency

  7. UNIDAD CURRICULAR VIRTUALIZADA PARA ASIGNATURA PROGRAMACIÓN ATENDIENDO A UN ANÁLISIS DE BRECHA DIGITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro González

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Virtualizar relacionado al contenido curricular, plantea considerar la brecha existente en los participantes. El presente estudio parte de este análisis para diseñar una unidad curricular virtualizada para la asignatura programación (ciclo básico en ingeniería de la universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela. De tipo Descriptivo y Diseño no experimental, de  campo y transversal; como instrumento emplea una encuesta, revisión de artículos y bibliografía que fundamenta el diseño, b-learning con MOODLE, como resultados se plantea un procedimiento para la virtualización de asignaturas, enfocado en tratamiento de brecha digital e implementación de estrategias b-learning con el desarrollo implícito de una unidad curricular señalada.

  8. Mudanças curriculares no ensino médico brasileiro: um debate crucial no contexto do Promed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neilton Araújo de Oliveira

    Full Text Available A educação médica passa por modificações na doutrina e na prática da formação profissional, conectada à contemporaneidade do mundo globalizado. No contexto do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS, aumenta o interesse de diferentes sujeitos em relação ao ensino médico, devido aos aspectos políticos e comunitários e com repercussões nas mudanças nos serviços de saúde. Iniciativas de incentivo às mudanças curriculares em medicina são adotadas para incrementar melhorias na formação médica. Nesse contexto se insere o Projeto de Incentivo a Mudanças Curriculares para os Cursos de Medicina (Promed. Com o objetivo de analisar a percepção de alunos sobre mudanças curriculares na educação médica, pesquisamos seis cursos médicos, em três estados brasileiros, usando questionários e entrevistas. Alguns pressupostos das Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais não foram incrementados, mas o desdobramento do Promed possibilitou um programa ampliado de incentivos a mudanças curriculares. Mesmo tendo caráter exploratório, este estudo aponta a necessidade de estudos prospectivos para conhecer os impactos dos incentivos às mudanças curriculares do ensino médico, sintonizando-o, assim, com as necessidades de saúde da população.

  9. The Implementation of a Course Design Using Online Curricular Tools for Assurance of Learning at a Small Private AACSB School of Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fratto, Victoria A.

    2010-01-01

    This study was designed to determine if the use of online curricular tools as a pedagogical supplement to an introductory accounting course would improve student accounting knowledge as compared to traditional teaching methodology. The curricular model employed course-embedded online assessments and tools that were designed to assist an accounting…

  10. Culture Matters in Educational Policy Transfer: The Case of Curricular Reforms in the Two Koreas during the Soviet and US Military Occupation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sun

    2017-01-01

    This paper investigates the influence of cultural and historical factors on educational policy transfer, drawing on an analysis of the curricular reforms made during the Soviet and US military occupation of the two Koreas. In South Korea, curricular changes were made, such as the introduction of the subject of social studies, in order to teach…

  11. ESTRATEGIA CURRICULAR PARA LA FORMACIÓN DE LA COMPETENCIA DE EMPRENDIMIENTO EN NEGOCIO EN REDES UNIVERSITARIAS

    OpenAIRE

    Sención Raquel Yvelice Zorob Avila

    2012-01-01

    En este artículo se analiza la educación tradicional, la que ostenta una metodología para formar emprendedores en cursos de objetivos específicos en contradicción a la formación por competencias, la que se regula en el aprendizaje por proyecto, desde un modelo sistémico - estructural con un enfoque complejo en el proceso curricular de la carrera, que se instrumenta en la estrategia curricular de la competencia a través de redes sociales y plataformas virtuales que permiten potenciar la vincul...

  12. Estrategia curricular para la formación de la competencia de emprendimiento en negocio en redes universitarias

    OpenAIRE

    Sención, Raquel; Zorob Avila, Yvelice

    2012-01-01

    En este artículo se analiza la educación tradicional, la que ostenta una metodología para formar emprendedores en cursos de objetivos específicos en contradicción a la formación por competencias, la que se regula en el aprendizaje por proyecto, desde un modelo sistémico - estructural con un enfoque complejo en el proceso curricular de la carrera, que se instrumenta en la estrategia curricular de la competencia a través de redes sociales y plataformas virtuales que permiten potenciar la vincul...

  13. Diseño curricular: de la integración a la complejidad / Curriculum design: from integration to complexity

    OpenAIRE

    Badilla Saxe Eleonora

    2011-01-01

    Resumen:En este ensayo se muestra un tránsito que podría seguir el diseño curricular desde la integración hacia la complejidad. Se parte de las ideas de James Beane y John Deswey sobre la Integración Curricular y las Actividades Ocupacionales respectivamente para pasar por los llamados Ejes Transversales y el Enfoque por Proyectos, con miras a evolucionar hacia la Pedagogía de la Complejidad, tomando como base las ideas para promover el pensamiento complejo que propone Edgar Morin. Como concl...

  14. La atención educativa a la diversidad en los materiales curriculares de educación infantil.

    OpenAIRE

    Delgado Calvo, María

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo que se presenta, reflexionamos acerca de la importancia de los materiales curriculares en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje, a la hora de transmitir, no sólo conocimientos, sino también valores y actitudes que promueven el respeto a la diversidad. Ante la variedad de materiales curriculares que proponen las diferentes editoriales, surge la necesidad de evaluar y seleccionar las más adecuadas, conforme a unos criterios que garanticen la coherencia entre la propuesta editor...

  15. Fundamentamentos filosóficos y psicológicos de la planificación curricular

    OpenAIRE

    Sequeira Rodríguez, Alicia

    2009-01-01

    Al hablar de planificación curricular debemos aceptar la naturaleza interdisciplinaria del currículo. De hecho, no hay que argumentar demasiado para darse cuenta que el currículo educativo incorpora una serie de componentes que hace que su teoría y su práctica sean tareas multidisciplinarias e interdisciplinarias.El presente trabajo tiene como propósito fundamental clarificar en qué consiste los fundamentos filosóficos y psicológicos que sirven de base a al planificación curricular. La planif...

  16. The supervised curricular internship in the initial training for teaching: the meanings of trainees as actors in the process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Rinaldi Bisconsini

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The research aimed to analyze the role of supervised curricular internship in initial teacher education, in the trainees perspective. The research is descriptive and qualitative characteristic. Had as a tool for data collection a questionnaire with closed and open questions. 130 trainees participated in six degree courses of an institution of Paraná Public Higher Education. The results indicate a process of high complexity on the structure and development of supervised curricular internship. The trainees hoped that the curriculum components establish closer to the requirements for the exercise of the teaching profession. There was no evidence is sufficient interaction between the actors involved.

  17. Hazardous materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... can cause cancer. Know how to use the material and how to store it or throw it away when you are done. Other tips include: Never enter an area where radiation ... materials from one area to another. Check bottles, containers, ...

  18. Adolescents' physical activity in physical education, school recess, and extra-curricular sport by motivational profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayorga-Vega, Daniel; Viciana, Jesús

    2014-06-01

    The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in adolescents´ objective physical activity levels and perceived effort in physical education, school recess, and extra-curricular organized sport by motivational profiles in physical education. A sample of 102 students 11-16 yr. old completed a self-report questionnaire assessing self-determined motivation toward physical education. Subsequently, students' objective physical activity levels (steps/min., METs, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) and perceived effort were evaluated for each situation. Cluster analysis identified a two-cluster structure: "Moderate motivation toward physical education profile" and "High motivation toward physical education profile." Adolescents in the second cluster had higher physical activity and perceived effort values than adolescents in the first cluster, except for METs and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in extra-curricular sport. These results support the importance of physical education teachers who should promote self-determined motivation toward physical education so that students can reach the recommended physical activity levels.

  19. Curricular priorities for business ethics in medical practice and research: recommendations from Delphi consensus panels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuBois, James M; Kraus, Elena M; Gursahani, Kamal; Mikulec, Anthony; Bakanas, Erin

    2014-11-15

    No published curricula in the area of medical business ethics exist. This is surprising given that physicians wrestle daily with business decisions and that professional associations, the Institute of Medicine, Health and Human Services, Congress, and industry have issued related guidelines over the past 5 years. To fill this gap, the authors aimed (1) to identify the full range of medical business ethics topics that experts consider important to teach, and (2) to establish curricular priorities through expert consensus. In spring 2012, the authors conducted an online Delphi survey with two heterogeneous panels of experts recruited in the United States. One panel focused on business ethics in medical practice (n = 14), and 1 focused on business ethics in medical research (n = 12). Panel 1 generated an initial list of 14 major topics related to business ethics in medical practice, and subsequently rated 6 topics as very important or essential to teach. Panel 2 generated an initial list of 10 major topics related to business ethics in medical research, and subsequently rated 5 as very important or essential. In both domains, the panel strongly recommended addressing problems that conflicts of interest can cause, legal guidelines, and the goals or ideals of the profession. The Bander Center for Medical Business Ethics at Saint Louis University will use the results of the Delphi panel to develop online curricular resources for each of the highest rated topics.

  20. Sobre a constituição da disciplina curricular de língua portuguesa

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    Émerson de Pietri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como objetivo considerar más detalladamente un momento del proceso histórico de constitución de la disciplina curricular Lengua Portuguesa en Brasil. En la década de 1970, fue alterada la organización de la escolarización básica e instancias oficiales responsables por la enseñanza publicaron documentos que subsidiaban, teórica y metodológicamente, los cambios curriculares propuestos. Fundamentada en la perspectiva discursiva, los documentos producidos en el período, fueron analizados y revelaron importantes características con respecto a los modos de apropiación., con objetivos pedagógicos, del saber académico sobre lenguaje. El análisis también posibilitó la muestra de la complejidad de ese momento histórico, caracterizado por la diversidad de aspectos académicos, políticos y didácticos en concurrencia.

  1. Um novo olhar sobre o sentido de política nos estudos curriculares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Raquel Alves Barreiros

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A new look at the meaning of policy in curricular studies...AbstractThis study discusses the meaning of policy based on a conception of curriculum and policy as enunciation, articulation/production of meanings. Underscoring the discursive nature as constituting curricular production supports the affirmation that the discourse is not a representation/manifestation of structures that are its basis, but an articulatory process. For that reason, in that study the concept of policy and the conceptions that support its formulations rooted in that understanding are presented, highlighting the contribution of Laclau and Mouffe, after examining central categories – discourse, hegemony and articulatory practices – which, for those authors, outline the perspective of policy defended. In that sense, the process of policy production is seen as an articulatory practice and it is argued that the analyses of curriculum policies are viewed as a conRoteiro,Joaçaba, v. 35, n. 2, p. 231-250, jul./dez. 2010 247Um novo olhar sobre o sentido de política...tingent, conflicting, discursive and dialogical action that enables the subjects to take up positions within the identitary discourses, in a democratic-pluralist universe complete with struggles and negotiations.

  2. The narrative of nursing students in their Supervised Curricular Internship portfolios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nádia Frazão Rossi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The critical-reflective training of nurses is a challenge. The reflective portfolio is an instrument used for developing this capacity. The aim of this qualitative study was to identify the types of narratives present in such portfolios and analyze the reflections of students enrolled in the Supervised Curricular Internship. Eleven portfolios were analyzed, and the narratives found were descriptive, reflective and descriptive, reflective and dialogic, and critical with subsequent thematic analysis. We identified four types of narratives. Reflections were focused around three thematic categories: an analysis of the internship’s field of work; assimilation and analysis of the nursing professional’s work; and what was learned throughout the Supervised Curricular Internship. The relevant aspects of the internship experience were apprehended and systematized through the portfolios, although more in-depth critical reflection is needed. The analysis of narrative types presented by students can contribute to guiding the process of nursing training evaluation towards critical reflection. doi: 10.5216/ree.v16i3.25691.

  3. Diálogo curricular en torno a los procesos de formación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reynaldo Mora Mora

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el reconocimiento del diálogo en los procesos de formación entre lo glocal y lo global como un diálogo de intervención y la pertinencia como principio de formación, de profesionalización e institucionalización. Se propone que el currículo escolar debe ser un currículo que emerja de las posibilidades de cada contexto que debe ser apoyado por las perspectivas teóricas y metodológicas cualitativas en la construcción de propuestas curriculares alternativas dentro de la investigación educativa general, lo que debe lograr un impacto  en un sistema educativo.AbstractThis article discusses the recognition of dialogue in the education processes between the glocal and global as an intervention dialogue and relevance as the beginning of training, professionalization and institutionalization. It is proposed that the school curriculum should be a curriculum that emerges from the possibilities of each context that must be supported by qualitative theoretical and methodological perspectives in the construction of alternative curricular proposals in educational research in general, we should achieve significant impact in a educational system.

  4. Web-enhanced Curricular Infusion of ESOL Competencies in Initial Teacher Certification Programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Wolz Verkler

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available As the cultural and linguistic diversity continues to increase in Florida s K-12 public school population, the demand for teachers trained to address their unique needs becomes paramount. Previously a responsibility of Florida s school districts, ESOL(English for Speakers of Other Languages training has been delegated to colleges of education per state mandate. This mandate requires that graduates of initial teacher certification programs in the state s universities demonstrate competency in all of the 25 Florida Performance Standards for Teachers of English for Speakers of Other Languages. In order to satisfy this charge, colleges of education in Florida are following a variety of training models: stand-alone courses, curricular infusion, or a combination of the two. A large, metropolitan university in Central Florida has developed an integrated model consisting of two stand-alone courses, field experience integration of the standards, and curricular infusion of ESOL standards via on-lone modules in methods courses. The authors, who teach methods courses in which such infusion has been recently effected, surveyed their students to obtain feedback regarding the modules, the results of which are discussed in this paper.

  5. The impact of curricular changes on BSCN students' clinical learning outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landeen, Janet; Carr, Donna; Culver, Kirsten; Martin, Lynn; Matthew-Maich, Nancy; Noesgaard, Charlotte; Beney-Gadsby, Larissa

    2016-11-01

    Ongoing curricular renewal is a necessary phenomenon in nursing education to align learning with ever-changing professional practice demands. The McMaster Mohawk Conestoga BScN Program in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada recently engaged in a comprehensive curriculum renewal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of curricular changes on students' deep learning. Faculty perceptions about student learning outcomes during final year clinical placements were gathered through a combination of individual interviews and focus groups using Interpretive Descriptive qualitative research methodology. Twenty five faculty members who supervised BScN students in clinical placements before and after curriculum renewal shared perceptions of changes in students' overall performance. The chosen clinical learning outcomes were: changes in students' performance related to person-centred care, clinical reasoning and judgment, pathophysiology, and evidence-informed decision-making. Faculty described three major themes in students' performance 1) pulling it all together, 2) seeing the whole person, and 3) finding their nursing voices. This reflected a shift to person-centred care, increasing professional confidence, and improved clinical reasoning and judgment and no changes to integrating pathophysiology or evidence-informed decision-making. In this study curriculum renewal provided an excellent starting point for the scholarship of teaching and learning within nursing education. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  6. La profesionalización del recurso humano policial. Aspectos curriculares que se deben contemplar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Gabriela Arce Navarro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo desarrolla una propuesta de organización curricular que garantice el alcance de los objetivos, metas y funciones encomendadas a la Escuela Nacional de Policía, entidad a la que le ha sido conferida la potestad para formar y capacitar a las personas encargadas de velar por la seguridad ciudadana de nuestro país. La propuesta considera elementos aún no establecidos por este centro educativo, aportando avances curriculares significativos para la futura implementación del currículo. Por otro lado, describe los componentes que caracterizan el actual currículo de la Escuela, develando aspectos relevantes sobre la formación y capacitación policial, así como la apertura de esta Institución a los enfoques por competencias laborales, campo en el que incursionó con la implementación del actual Curso Básico Policial por Competencias Laborales.

  7. Creating sustainable curricular change: lessons learned from an alternative therapies educational initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sierpina, Victor; Bulik, Robert; Baldwin, Constance; Frenkel, Moshe; Gerik, Susie; Walters, Diedra; Frye, Ann

    2007-04-01

    The authors describe the process by which a curriculum was developed to introduce complementary and alternative medicine topics at multiple levels from health professional students to faculty, as part of a five-year project, funded by a grant from the National Institutes of Health, at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas, from 2001 to 2005. The curriculum was based on four educational goals that embrace effective communication with patients, application of sound evidence, creation of patient-centered therapeutic relationships, and development of positive perspectives on wellness. The authors analyze the complex and challenging process of gaining acceptance for the curriculum and implementing it in the context of existing courses and programs. The developmental background and context of this curricular innovation at this institution is described, with reference to parallel activities at other academic health centers participating in the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine. The authors hold that successful curricular change in medical schools must follow sound educational development principles. A well-planned process of integration is particularly important when introducing a pioneering curriculum into an academic health center. The process at this institution followed six key principles for successful accomplishment of curriculum change: leadership, cooperative climate, participation by organization members, politics, human resource development, and evaluation. The authors provide details about six analogous elements used to design and sustain the curriculum: collaboration, communication, demonstration, evaluation, evolution, and dissemination.

  8. Effectiveness of a developmental curricular design to graduate culturally competent health practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boggis, Debra

    2012-01-01

    With the goal to facilitate cultural competency development of students enrolled in graduate-level health professional education, this study examined the effectiveness of a curricular program guided by the Intercultural Developmental Continuum (IDC) as measured by the Intercultural Developmental Inventory (IDI). The IDI was administered to 17 occupational therapy (OT) students and a control group of 25 non-OT health professional students upon matriculation into their respective programs of graduate study and again upon completion of 3 years of study. OT students participated in a cultural curricular design guided by the IDC, while the control group participated in cultural study not guided by the IDC. Though OT students did not show a significant change in overall developmental orientation mean scores from pre-test to post-test (t = 0.847, p = 0.41), the results indicate that the designed intercultural curriculum increased intercultural competence among those OT students who began their program with the monocultural mindset of polarization (an "us vs. them" evaluative viewpoint) and moved to the interculturally transitional mindset of minimization (recognizing cultural commonalities and elimination of the "us vs. them" mindset). The control group showed a significant decrease in developmental orientation mean scores at post-test (t = 6.1, p competency of OT students, appears to have mitigated a decrease in competence. Results suggest that the cultural challenges that students face appear to be considerable and, without targeted, integrated intercultural preparation, can overwhelm new health professionals' intercultural capability.

  9. Formação docente: reflexões sobre o estágio curricular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeâni Kelle Landre Rosa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta reflexões e discussões sobre a importância e o papel do estágio curricular na formação prática de alunos do curso de licenciatura em Ciências Biológicas. A partir da análise do estágio curricular dos acadêmicos do 7º e 9º período, foram identificados os aspectos favoráveis e desfavoráveis e formuladas sugestões que visam melhorar a qualidade do mesmo. A pesquisa acerca da realidade e dos problemas do estágio supervisionado foi realizada por meio de análise documental (diário de campo e narrativas e questionários. Com auxílio da literatura especializada, conseguimos aprofundar a compreensão dos mecanismos de articulação entre teoria e prática no cotidiano escolar, o que poderá contribuir para a construção de um currículo mais coerente com a realidade da sala de aula da Educação Básica.

  10. Innovaciones curriculares en la formación universitaria de trabajadores sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Aurelia Preciado Jiménez

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan y analisan los dados de los avances de las innovaciones curriculares incluidas en la reestructuración del currículo de la Facultad de Trabajo Social de la Universidad de Colima. Un aspecto importante que se busca en la formación de trabajadores sociales es que éstos sean vistos como actores sociales que participan en la resolución de las necesidades de la sociedad. Para ello, el cuerpo académico de la facultad se ha dado a la tarea de analizar el proceso y los resultados de la implementación del modelo de enseñanza centrado en el aprendizaje en la Facultad de Trabajo Social que se puso en marcha en la generación 2001-2005, para sustentar la reestructuración del plan de estudios. Los resultados apuntan la pertinencia de las nuevas modalidades pedagogicas e algunas consideraciones para sustentación de las innovaciones curriculares implementadas.

  11. Justificación curricular de la asignatura Arquitectura de tierra. Caso: Tamaulipas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Luisa Roux Oropeza

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available La globalización y los organismos internacionales hanrevolucionado el funcionamiento de las instituciones de educación superior. Las exigencias actualesimplican, entre otras,la gestión deestudios curriculares bajo paradigmas emergentes que justifiquen programas y planes encaminados a la solución de las problemáticas sociales globales. Tomando como referencia lo anterior, se presentan los resultados del análisis curricular que fundamentó la inclusión de la asignatura Arquitectura de Tierra, en la Facultad de Arquitectura Diseño y Urbanismo en Tamaulipas, México. AbstractGlobalization and international agencies have revolutionized the functioning of institutions of higher education; the requirements to them, involving among others, managing curriculum studies on emerging paradigms that justify programs and planswith responsibility for solving global social problems. With reference to the above, the results of the curriculum analysis that informed the inclusion of the subject Earthen Architecture in the Faculty of Architecture and Urban Design in Tamaulipas, Mexico.

  12. Políticas curriculares, Estado e regulação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Moreira Hypolito

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O texto analisa as políticas curriculares desenvolvidas no contexto da globalização e do neoliberalismo que têm orientado as ações do Estado no campo educacional, como forma de regulacão social. Essas políticas produzem efeitos importantes para o campo educacional, com ênfase no currículo, na gestão e no trabalho docente. Por meio de estratégias de avaliação, tipicamente gerencialistas, o Estado tem obtido êxito na padronização curricular, na implantação de políticas de formação docente e na submissão da escola e da educação aos interesses do mercado. Os modos de gestão, insistentemente mostrados como a solução para a educação, chegam às escolas como formas estranhas de administração e a cada dia mais se mostram ineficientes para enfrentar os problemas escolares. Contudo, essas políticas de regulação continuam sendo a tônica das políticas de Estado para a educação.

  13. Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 168: Areas 25 and 26 Contaminated Materials and Waste Dumps, Nevada Test Site, Nevada: Revision 0, Including Record of Technical Change No. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office

    2003-08-08

    This Corrective Action Decision Document identifies and rationalizes the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office's selection of recommended corrective action alternatives (CAAs) to facilitate the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU)168: Areas 25 and 26 Contaminated Materials and Waste Dumps, Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nevada, under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Located in Areas 25 and 26 at the NTS in Nevada, CAU 168 is comprised of twelve Corrective Action Sites (CASs). Review of data collected during the corrective action investigation, as well as consideration of current and future operations in Areas 25 and 26 of the NTS, led the way to the development of three CAAs for consideration: Alternative 1 - No Further Action; Alternative 2 - Clean Closure; and Alternative 3 - Close in Place with Administrative Controls. As a result of this evaluation, a combination of all three CAAs is recommended for this CAU. Alternative 1 was the preferred CAA for three CASs, Alternative 2 was the preferred CAA for six CASs (and nearly all of one other CAS), and Alternative 3 was the preferred CAA for two CASs (and a portion of one other CAS) to complete the closure at the CAU 168 sites. These alternatives were judged to meet all requirements for the technical components evaluated as well as all applicable state and federal regulations for closure of the sites and elimination of potential future exposure pathways to the contaminated soils at CAU 168.

  14. A construção de uma alternativa curricular para a pré-escola: A experiência do NEI Canto da Lagoa The building of a pre-school curricular alternative: The NEI Canto da Lagoa experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Coll Delgado

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem como objetivo central compreender como ocorre a integração das questões socioculturais na proposta curricular e na prática pedagógica de uma unidade pré-escolar, na qual seus profissionais, em parceria com familiares e moradores de um local, construíram, num período de dez anos, um projeto político-pedagógico denominado "Em Busca de Uma Alternativa Curricular". Os eixos temáticos que direcionaram a investigação são: história e origem do projeto político-pedagógico, interações entre os diferentes atores sociais, currículo real e suas manifestações na prática pedagógica, cultura local e ampla, relações de idade e gênero.This study aims at understanding how the integration of sociocultural issues occurs on the curricular proposal and teaching practice of a pre-school unit where professionals, joined to relatives and neighborhood, constructed within ten years a political-teaching project named "Em Busca de uma Alternativa Curricular" (Searching for a Curriculum Alternative. The topics that conducted the investigation were: political-teaching project history and origin, interactions among different social actors, real curriculum and its demonstrations in the teaching practice, large and local culture, age and type relations.

  15. A guardiã das tradições: a História e o seu código curricular The guardian of traditions: History and its curricular code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia Maria Abud

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho estuda a permanência de conteúdos da História do Brasil nos programas escolares. Considera desde as primeiras formulações curriculares da disciplina nos programas do Colégio Pedro II até as propostas curriculares surgidas no final do século XX, para analisar a concepção da História escolar. Fundamenta-se no conceito de código curricular formulado por Raimundo Cuesta Fernández, que o entende como uma tradição social composta por ideias e princípios e por um conjunto de práticas profissionais que contribuem para fixar a História como disciplina escolar.This paper studies the permanency of some contents of Brazil's History in school programs. It refers to the first formulations of curricular programs in the discipline of the Pedro II Secondary School to the curriculum proposals raised in the late twentieth century, to analyze the schools conception of History. It is based on the concept of code curriculum formulated by Raimundo Cuesta Fernández, who understands how a social tradition consists of ideas and principles and practices of a group professionals practices who help to set school history as a discipline.

  16. Diretrizes curriculares nacionais para os cursos de nutrição: avanços, lacunas, ambiguidades e perspectivas Curricular guidelines for nutrition courses: advances, ambiguities, omissions and perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Tavares Soares

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available As orientações curriculares e pedagógicas para a formação do profissional de nutrição receberam influência da dinâmica das transformações do ensino superior no Brasil. Em 2001, o Ministério da Educação instituiu as diretrizes curriculares nacionais para os cursos de graduação da área da saúde, em consonância com a Lei de Diretrizes e Bases da Educação. As diretrizes curriculares conformam uma nova baliza para o ensino em saúde a partir da extinção do currículo mínimo, considerado demasiadamente teórico, rígido e inflexível, não atendendo às exigências particulares de cada região, instituição ou curso, bem como às demandas sociais. As diretrizes curriculares representam ainda o desejo de superação da hegemonia do modelo biomédico e do ensino centrado no professor. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar criticamente os conteúdos das diretrizes curriculares para a graduação em nutrição e refletir sobre avanços, ambiguidades e lacunas, na perspectiva de uma implementação participativa e de avaliações constantes. O texto discute perfil do egresso, competências e habilidades e conteúdos de estudo, apontando para novas discussões sobre o que está proposto, fomentando possíveis cenários para o aperfeiçoamento do processo da formação em nutrição.The curricular and pedagogical guidelines for the formation of dieticians were influenced by the dynamic changes that occurred in higher education in Brazil. In 2001, the Ministry of Education instituted the national curricular guidelines for undergraduate health-related courses, in agreement with the Law of Education Guidelines and Fundamentals. These guidelines represented a new landmark for health-related education since it abolished the minimum curricular requirements, which were considered excessively theoretical and inflexible and did not meet the specific requirements of each region, institution or course, and the social demands. The curricular

  17. Uma hipótese curricular para a formação continuada de professores de Ciências e de Matemática Science and Mathematics teachers' continuing education: a curricular hypothesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Gonçalves Rodrigues

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo relata o desenvolvimento e a análise de uma proposta curricular para a evolução das concepções didático-metodológicas de professores de Ciências e de Matemática do Ensino Básico. Essa proposta desenvolveu-se no contexto do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação da Faculdade de Educação da Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Os objetivos, a estrutura curricular e as metodologias de ensino utilizadas foram referenciados pela proposta de formação continuada de professores do Grupo DIE-IRES, da Universidade de Sevilla, Espanha, que tem como meta desejável, a formação de um professor autônomo e investigador de sua ação docente, em um processo no qual os saberes didático-metodológicos e disciplinares são conteúdos relevantes para a complexificação de seu conhecimento profissional e de sua prática pedagógica.This paper describes the development and the analysis of a curricular proposal for basic educational level Science and Mathematics teachers' didactic-methodological conceptions evolution. This curricular proposal was carried out in the context of Pelotas Federal University' School of Education. Objectives, curricular structure, and teaching methodologies were guided by the DIE-IRES Group from the University of Sevilla, Spain, on-going teacher formation proposal, which has, as a desirable goal, the formation of an autonomous and investigative teacher in a process in which his/her didactic, methodological and disciplinary knowledge are considered essential for the complexification of his/her professional knowledge and his/her pedagogical practice.

  18. School Knowledge, Cross-Curricularity and Teamwork Teaching in the Greek Primary School: Mathematics Education as Discursive Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolakaki, Maria; Dossa, Katerina; Moraiti, Tzeni

    2012-01-01

    Through analysis of exercises offered in mathematics textbooks, this article investigates the discursive practice of cross-curricularity and group work teaching that was advocated in the 2007 reform of mathematics education in Greek primary schools. The conclusion of the research is that the organisation of school knowledge is vertical, and strong…

  19. Competencies for 2020: Revalidation of the Curricular Competencies of the Emory University Doctor of Physical Therapy Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridges, Patricia H.; Carter, Vincent M.; Phillips, Tami; Chong, Hyun; Conwell, Ryan; Hensley, Brittany; Kimbrell, Alyson; Sigle, Mallory

    2013-01-01

    Background: Transformation in the healthcare environment prompted Emory University's Doctor of Physical Therapy Program (DPT) to revalidate its competency-based education program. The goal was to revalidate the essentialness of its curricular competencies: Provision of Patient Care, Interpersonal Relationships, Teaching and Learning, Research,…

  20. Does Raising the Bar Level the Playing Field?: Mathematics Curricular Intensification and Inequality in American High Schools, 1982-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domina, Thurston; Saldana, Joshua

    2012-01-01

    Over the past three decades, American high school students' course taking has rapidly intensified. Between 1982 and 2004, for example, the proportion of high school graduates who earned credit in precalculus or calculus more than tripled. In this article, the authors investigate the consequences of mathematics curricular intensification for social…

  1. HANS FREUDENTHAL, un matemático en Didáctica y teoría curricular

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gravemeijer, K.P.E.; Terwel, J.

    2000-01-01

    Se describen las principales ideas del trabajo de Hans Freudenthal (1905-1990), el matemático y educador matemático holandés, relacionadas con teoría curricular y didáctica. Se explora el credo educacional de Freudenthal: “la matemática es una actividad humana”. Desde este punto de partida

  2. Barriers and Facilitators for Teachers' Implementation of the Curricular Component of the Boost Intervention Targeting Adolescents' Fruit and Vegetable Intake

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Thea Suldrup; Krølner, Rikke; Aarestrup, Anne Kristine

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine barriers and facilitators to teachers' implementation of the curricular component of the school-based, multicomponent Boost intervention to promote fruit and vegetable intake among 13-year-olds guided by concepts of Diffusion of Innovations Theory and findings of previous im...

  3. Agricultural Science and Technology Teachers' Perceptions of iPod and Mp3 Technology Integration into Curricular and Cocurricular Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphrey, Theresa Pesl; Miller, Kimberly A.; Roberts, T. Grady

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe agricultural science and technology teachers' reaction to iPod and mp3 technology use and potential use in both curricular and cocurricular activities. A total of 112 unique respondents provided written responses to open-ended questions. Study findings reveal that agricultural science and technology…

  4. Materiales curriculares: clasificación y uso en educación física

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    J. Pere Molina; José Devís; Carmen Peiró

    2008-01-01

    Los materiales curriculares en la educación física han sufrido una importante transformación y diversificación durante las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, su potencial educativo e innovador depende del uso que se haga...

  5. Ecology and the Environment. Language Arts around the World, Volume V. Cross-Curricular Activities for Grades 4-6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAllister, Elizabeth A.; Hildebrand, Joan M.; Ericson, Joann H.

    Suggesting that students in the intermediate grades can explore the world around them and practice valuable skills in spelling, reading, writing, communication, and language, this book presents cross-curricular units designed to integrate language-arts activities into the study of ecology and the environment. The units in the book reach diverse…

  6. La transversalidad curricular, una década después = Curricula transversallity, one decade afterwards

    OpenAIRE

    García Nieto, Narciso; Carballo, Rafael; Fernández Díaz,María José

    2003-01-01

    El presente artículo pretende revivir o replantear, a más de una década de su implantación, la vigencia y transcendencia de la Transversalidad Curricular. Tema que, en su origen, suscitó una gran expectación y polémica entre los educadores, pero qu

  7. Language in African Education: A Comparative Analysis of the Curricular Elements of School Texts. Occasional Paper No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okonkwo, Chuka

    A study of the relationship between the language medium and the content of education is summarized. Language and curricular contents of English and Igbo language texts used in Nigerian primary schools between 1957 and 1976 are examined according to fifteen categories. Research is reviewed which supports the hypothesis that a change from English to…

  8. A DETERMINATION OF NEEDED ADJUSTMENTS AND EXTENSIONS IN THE CURRICULAR PATTERNS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN AGRICULTURE. FINAL REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TAYLOR, ROBERT E.

    TO MORE EFFECTIVELY MEET PREPARATORY TRAINING NEEDS IN NONFARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, THE ADJUSTMENTS AND EXTENSIONS NEEDED IN HIGH SCHOOL AND POST-HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULAR PATTERNS OF AGRICULTURAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION WERE IDENTIFIED. COMMITTEE MEETINGS, AREA SEMINARS, AND A NATIONAL CONFERENCE WERE CALLED WHICH SUMMARIZED, INTERPRETED, AND…

  9. An Analysis of Irish Pre-School Practice and Pedagogy Using the Early Childhood Environmental Four Curricular Subscales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neylon, Gerardine

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of original research which applied the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale Extension (ECERS/E) four Curricular Subscales in 26 pre-schools throughout Ireland to measure and assess the provision of literacy, maths, science and environment, and diversity as follows: inadequate, minimal, good or excellent. The…

  10. Meeting the Curricular Challenges of Inclusive Assessment: The Role of Alignment, Opportunity to Learn, and Student Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurz, Alexander; Talapatra, Devadrita; Roach, Andrew T.

    2012-01-01

    Inclusive test-based accountability systems are intended to focus attention on the teaching and learning of important knowledge and skills for students with disabilities. Test score inferences to this end are often based on unverified assumptions of curricular alignment, access, and engagement. Focusing on students with disabilities, we discuss…

  11. Effects of "minimally invasive curricular surgery" - a pilot intervention study to improve the quality of bedside teaching in medical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raupach, Tobias; Anders, Sven; Pukrop, Tobias; Hasenfuss, Gerd; Harendza, Sigrid

    2009-09-01

    Bedside teaching is an important element of undergraduate medical education. However, the impact of curricular course structure on student outcome needs to be determined. This study assessed changes in fourth-year medical students' evaluations of clinical teaching sessions before and after the introduction of a new course format. The curricular structure of bedside teaching sessions in cardiology was modified without changing the amount of teaching time. Clinical teachers were instructed about the new teaching format and learning objectives. The new format implemented for adult but not paediatric cardiology sessions was piloted with 143 students in winter 2007/08. By computing effect sizes, evaluation results were compared to data obtained from 185 students before the intervention. Significant rating increases were observed for adult cardiology teaching sessions (Cohen's d = 0.66) but not paediatric cardiology sessions (d = 0.22). In addition to improving the structure and organization of the course, the intervention significantly impacted on students' perceptions of their learning outcome regarding practical skills (d = 0.69). Minimal curricular changes combined with basic faculty development measures significantly increase students' perception of learning outcome. Curricular structure needs to be considered when planning bedside teaching sessions in medical undergraduate training.

  12. Does Raising the Bar Level the Playing Field?: Mathematics Curricular Intensification and Inequality in American High Schools, 1982-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domina, Thurston; Saldana, Joshua

    2012-01-01

    Over the past three decades, American high school students' course taking has rapidly intensified. Between 1982 and 2004, for example, the proportion of high school graduates who earned credit in precalculus or calculus more than tripled. In this article, the authors investigate the consequences of mathematics curricular intensification for social…

  13. Ensuring Full Participation in Extra-Curricular Activities for Students Experiencing Homelessness. Best Practices in Homeless Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Extra-curricular school activities, such as sports, music, theater, debate, and clubs, are often a key to engaging children and youth in school. They can provide students with a sense of belonging, stability, pride, and responsibility and strengthen a student's applications for higher education admission and scholarships. Homelessness, however,…

  14. Reforma do Ensino supeiror: Diretrizes curriculares em Educação Física

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto tecemos algumas considerações sobre o contexto em que ocorrem os debates acerca das Diretrizes Curriculares para o ensino superior brasileiro, especialmente aquelas referentes à área de Educação Física. Sugerimos que as Diretrizes Curriculares de Educação Física, formuladas pela comissão de especialistas, designada pelo MEC, têm sido referenciadas em confronto com as perspectivas apontada para a universidade brasileira atualmente, em particular para a formação de professores. Relatamos as contribuições da FEF/UFG para este debate, bem como justificamos os pontos essenciais de um documento anterior, não publicado, em que se apresentam posições sobre currículo e formação de professores de Educação Física na atualidade. Basicamente nos opomos aos projetos do Banco Mundial, FMI e MEC/FHC e seus interesses mercadológicos e de preparação restrita para ao mercado de trabalho, por entendermos que a formação de professores deve ocorrer no âmbito da universidade pública, gratuita e de qualidade social, e onde demandas sociais relevantes se constituam no maior foco de interesse. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Educação Física, Diretrizes Curriculares, formação de professores. In this paper e make considerations about the curriculum diretrixes for universities, mainly those related to Physical Education. We believe that the diretrixes, established by a commission of experts, need discussion. We oppose to Worsd-Wide Bank, IMF and MEC due to their merchandising interests. We understand that the formation of teachers needs to take place in a public, free and socially qualified university. This paper also presents FEF’s contrubutions to this discussion, extracted from a document (not published yet. Our points of view concerning curriculum and tracher’s graduation are discussed in detail.

  15. Oficina acadêmica: bases curriculares e Medicina de Família e Comunidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phelipe Antônio Calixto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available De acordo com as Novas Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais da Graduação Médica (NDCN e sua orientação para uma postura crítica e reflexiva do acadêmico realizou-se a oficina “Bases curriculares e Medicina de Família e Comunidade” durante o IV Congresso Mineiro de Medicina de Família e Comunidade (IVCMMFC, em Belo Horizonte - MG, 12 de junho de 2009. A oficina tratou sobre a inserção da especialidade, Medicina de Família e Comunidade (MFC, na graduação, discutindo os métodos de ensino médico: Aprendizado baseado em problematização (PBL, método integrado de ensino e método tradicional Flexneriano. A oficina foi dividida em três momentos. Primeiramente, foi proposta adequação de algumas definições da literatura médica: Atenção Primária à Saúde, Médico generalista, Médico sanitarista, Especialista em Clínica Médica e Médico de Família e Comunidade. Após, foram discutidas as Novas diretrizes curriculares; o Relatório Flexner e sua influência nos modelos de ensino existentes (tradicional, problematizado e integrado, o momento oportuno para inserção da MFC na graduação e qual método de ensino utilizar. O tema do preconceito contra a especialidade surgiu nas discussões, assim como adequação da MFC e níveis de serviço (primário, secundário e terciário e como valorizar a especialidade sem ¨super-especializar¨ o estudante. As conclusões levantadas na oficina foram descritas neste documento e apresentadas em plenária ao final do congresso.

  16. Alternativa de organización curricular para la disciplina de operatoria dental I-II de la carrera de odontología de la Universidad Regional Autónoma de Los Andes Uniandes

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Arroba, Janeth Alexandra del Rocío

    2015-01-01

    En ocasiones se identifica el diseño curricular con el concepto de planeamiento, también se le identifica el término con los documentos que señalan la concepción curricular o con una etapa del proceso curricular. El diseño curricular puede entenderse como una dimensión del currículo que revela la metodología, las acciones y el resultado del diagnóstico, modelación, estructuración, y organización de los proyectos curriculares. Establece una concepción educativa determinada que al ejecuta...

  17. Orientação sexual nos parâmetros curriculares nacionais Sexual Orientation at the National Curriculum Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HELENA ALTMANN

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A sexualidade é atualmente vista como um problema de saúde pública, sendo a escola local privilegiado de implementação de políticas públicas que promovam a saúde de crianças e adolescentes. Assim, ela foi constituída, de acordo com os Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais (PCNs, em tema transversal, a fim de disseminar-se por todo campo pedagógico e irradiar seus efeitos em domínios os mais heterogêneos, dentre outros, na Educação Física. Esta pesquisa analisou o dispositivo da sexualidade nos PCNs, buscando identificar a concepção de sexualidade ali presente, a singularidade histórica desta proposta e seus possíveis efeitos na escola e, mais especificamente, na Educação Física.Today, sexuality is considered a matter of public health, and the school is a privileged place for the implementation of public policies that promote children's and adolescents' health. Thus, it has been established, in agreement with the National Curriculum Parameters (PCNs, as a transversal theme in order to disseminate itself throughout the whole pedagogical field and to broaden its effects in a wide range of different areas, including Physical Education. This research analyzes the requirements of sexuality in the PCNs with the aim of identifying the use of the sexuality concept, the historical uniqueness of this proposal and its possible effects at schools, more specifically through Physical Education.

  18. Problemas conceptuales del curriculum. Hacia la implementación de la transversalidad curricular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adda Torres Chirinos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar las diferentes concepciones del curriculum y los problemas para su implementación, desde la integralidad, a nivel universitario. Se parte de una metodología documental-descriptiva con un diseño de investigación bibliográfico. Los resultados arrojados dan cuenta de la incongruencia que ha existido en cuanto a los distintos intentos por llevar a cabo diversas acepciones curriculares a lo largo de los años. Se concluye que mediante la puesta en marcha de los principios que rigen el curriculum transversal se valoraría el desarrollo de las áreas relacionadas con la adquisición, producción y difusión de un conocimiento significativo.

  19. Planning Curricular Proposals on Sound and Music with Prospective Secondary-School Teachers

    CERN Document Server

    Bisesi, Erica

    2008-01-01

    Sound is a preferred context to build foundations on wave phenomena, one of the most important disciplinary referents in physics. It is also one of the best-set frameworks to achieve transversality, overcoming scholastic level and activating emotional aspects which are naturally connected with every day life, as well as with music and perception. Looking at sound and music by a transversal perspective - a border-line approach between science and art, is the adopted statement for a teaching proposal using meta-cognition as a strategy in scientific education. This work analyzes curricular proposals on musical acoustics, planned by prospective secondary-school teachers in the framework of a Formative Intervention Module answering the expectation of making more effective teaching scientific subjects by improving creative capabilities, as well as leading to build logical and scientific categorizations able to consciously discipline artistic activity in music students. With this aim, a particular emphasis is given ...

  20. Fundamentos curriculares para una maestría en producción audiovisual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alvarado, Nerio Vílchez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de los fundamentos curriculares para una maestría en producción audiovisual se apoya en Vílchez (2005, Postner (2001, Maldonado (2001, Boluda (2005, Tünnermann (2005, Miranda (2003, Morles (2005, Vaughan (2000, entre otros. La investigación es aplicada, descriptiva, con un diseño no experimental, ransaccional descriptivo, de campo. A la población constituida por diez (10 directivos de las universidades de Maracaibo, que ofrecen Carreras de Comunicación Social en pregrado, así como también que ofrezcan estudios de postgrado y cinco (5 expertos en currículo.

  1. [Ethical problems experienced in a supervised curricular internship in nursing in an integrated curriculum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgatti, Juliane Cristina; Bracialli, Luzmarina Aparecida Doretto; Oliveira, Maria Amélia de Campos

    2013-08-01

    An exploratory, qualitative study with the objective of analyzing repercussions of the supervised curricular internship in the development of the ethical dimension of competency in undergraduate nursing students. Semistructured interviews were performed with 28 students, professors and nurse preceptors of a public institution of higher education in the state of São Paulo, during the period of October of 2010 to March of 2011. The empirical result was subjected to the technique of discourse analysis and resulted in the empirical categories: preservation of autonomy; social responsibility and respect in interpersonal relations in health care delivery and in the teaching - learning process; treatment and care from the ethical dimension; and, public responsibility and social justice. It was concluded that the phase that uses problematization as a method of teaching and learning provides critical reflection about professional practice in the services and system of health.

  2. Preparing Students to Take Responsibility for Learning: The Role of Non-Curricular Learning Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carpenter, Jeffrey Paul

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Standardized test-based accountability measures often result in overemphasis on knowing facts and cast students into passive roles. Such schooling yields neither the learning nor the learners the modern world requires and can exhaust and demoralize teachers. We assert that students must assume greater responsibility for their learning in order to attain deep understanding and transferable skills that benefit them throughout their lives. Curriculum and instruction must therefore pay greater attention to developing skills that allow students to take such ownership of their learning. We identify and discuss three foundational skills that enable students to assume more responsibility for learning: self-regulation, collaboration, and academic mindsets. After reviewing current research on factors contributing to these non-curricular learning skills and exploring their importance within school contexts and beyond, we discuss the need for more classroom-based research on interventions aimed at their development.

  3. La educación secundaria en México: ¿reforma curricular o estructural?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Manuel Ponce Grima

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan resultados parciales de dos estudios realizados en México y Argentina, dirigidos a caracterizar la educación secundaria desde una perspectiva cuanti-cualitativa. Se comparte un conjunto de preocupaciones alrededor de los graves problemas que enfrenta la escuela secundaria en México. La tesis principal que se pretende demostrar es que los problemas de la educación secundaria en México y en Jalisco son mucho más estructurales que las reformas curriculares en las que se han centrado las políticas, en el nivel de secundaria, en los últimos dos sexenios.

  4. From F=ma to Flying Squirrels: Curricular Change in an Introductory Physics Course

    CERN Document Server

    O'Shea, Brian W; Benenson, Walter

    2013-01-01

    We present outcomes from curricular changes made to an introductory calculus-based physics course whose audience is primarily life science majors, the majority of whom plan to pursue post-baccalaureate studies in medical and scientific fields. During the 2011-12 academic year, we implemented a "Physics of the life sciences" curriculum centered on a draft textbook that takes a novel approach to teaching physics to life science majors. In addition, substantial revisions were made to the homework and hands-on components of the course to emphasize the relationship between physics and the life sciences and to help the students to learn to apply physical intuition to life science-oriented problems. Student learning and attitudinal outcomes were assessed both quantitatively, using standard physics education research instruments, and qualitatively, using student surveys and a series of post-semester interviews. Students experienced high conceptual learning gains, comparable to other active learning-based physics cour...

  5. Composite material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchens, Stacy A.; Woodward, Jonathan; Evans, Barbara R.; O'Neill, Hugh M.

    2012-02-07

    A composite biocompatible hydrogel material includes a porous polymer matrix, the polymer matrix including a plurality of pores and providing a Young's modulus of at least 10 GPa. A calcium comprising salt is disposed in at least some of the pores. The porous polymer matrix can comprise cellulose, including bacterial cellulose. The composite can be used as a bone graft material. A method of tissue repair within the body of animals includes the steps of providing a composite biocompatible hydrogel material including a porous polymer matrix, the polymer matrix including a plurality of pores and providing a Young's modulus of at least 10 GPa, and inserting the hydrogel material into cartilage or bone tissue of an animal, wherein the hydrogel material supports cell colonization in vitro for autologous cell seeding.

  6. Open Source Physics: Code and Curriculum Material for Teachers, Authors, and Developers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christian, Wolfgang

    2004-03-01

    The continued use of procedural languages in education is due in part to the lack of up-to-date curricular materials that combine science topics with an object-oriented programming framework. Although there are many resources for teaching computational physics, few are object-oriented. What is needed by the broader science education community is not another computational physics, numerical analysis, or Java programming book (although such books are essential for discipline-specific practitioners), but a synthesis of curriculum development, computational physics, computer science, and physics education that will be useful for scientists and students wishing to write their own simulations and develop their own curricular material. The Open Source Physics (OSP) project was established to meet this need. OSP is an NSF-funded curriculum development project that is developing and distributing a code library, programs, and examples of computer-based interactive curricular material. In this talk, we will describe this library, demonstrate its use, and report on its adoption by curriculum authors. The Open Source Physics code library, documentation, and sample curricular material can be downloaded from http://www.opensourcephysics.org/. Partial funding for this work was obtained through NSF grant DUE-0126439.

  7. Supplementing an Educational Video Series with Video-Related Classroom Activities and Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golos, Debbie B.; Moses, Annie M.

    2015-01-01

    Teachers of deaf children express concern over a lack of curricular materials appropriate for and beneficial to the deaf population, particularly for language and literacy development and in early childhood classrooms. In addition, more and more deaf children are attending classrooms in which their teachers may not be fluent in ASL. This, too,…

  8. Supplementing an Educational Video Series with Video-Related Classroom Activities and Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golos, Debbie B.; Moses, Annie M.

    2015-01-01

    Teachers of deaf children express concern over a lack of curricular materials appropriate for and beneficial to the deaf population, particularly for language and literacy development and in early childhood classrooms. In addition, more and more deaf children are attending classrooms in which their teachers may not be fluent in ASL. This, too,…

  9. Learning Online Environment for an Extra Curricular Course in Clinical Biochemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M. Martins

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Integration between digital technology and telecommunication resources present multiple possibilities regarding access to education, among them, the longdistance learning process. The purpose of this work is to offer a long distance extra  curricular course for health care students and professionals, intending to contribute with their continued education. The online cou rse (180h was avail able on the webpage  www.ead.ufpe.biz in a LMS  platform(Learning Management System, in which 35 students from all over Brazil and 07 tutors (UFPEsubscribed.   The  subscribers had access to: web classrooms (12 withpresentations/notes (62; exercises (15; forums (27; technical dictionaries (119; scientific articles (70; theses e dissertations (04; web search links (50; email (30; clipboards (28; ch ats  (01; exams (01. The number of accesses to the online content by the students  (17.795 and the tutors (3.8 42 showed great participation on the online environment. Online classrooms were greatly accessed (3. 335andthe  forum   demonstrated hasbeen thebest interaction tool (5.188. The asynchronous communication (email and forum seemed more efficient than the synchronous (chat one. Everyone performed the proposed activities between 07/25/08 and 02/05/09. The platform used was efficient in the online  long distance extra  curricular course   i n  clinical  biochemistry , with satisfactory didactic planning and selection of the contents which were properly related to the professionalcompetences to be acquired by the subscribers.

  10. El análisis documental en el diseño curricular: Un desafío para los docentes

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Sarmiento; María Clara Tovar

    2007-01-01

    Introducción: Este estudio, realizado durante el año 2006-2007, pretende analizar la coherencia y pertinencia de las polí- ticas universitarias sobre el diseño curricular, a través de la revisión de algunos documentos que definen lineamientos curriculares a nivel de la Universidad, de la Facultad y de cada programa académico en la Facultad de Salud de la Universidad del Valle, relacionados con las fases de fundamentación y estructuración curricular de los ocho programas de pregr...

  11. Os Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais (PCN e a educação brasileira sob a supremacia do mercado/The National Curricular Parameters (NCP and the Brazilian education under the market supremacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Accioly Lemos Moreira

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho analisa, à luz da ontologia marxiana, a formação voltada para a empregabilidade contida nos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais (1998/1999, nos Temas Transversais (1998 e nas Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais do Ensino Médio (1999. A abordagem defendida pelos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais apresenta a sociabilidade do capital como algo insuperável e intocável, cabendo apenas transformar a consciência dos homens, capacitando-os para o enfrentamento dos desafios de um mundo tecnologicamente desenvolvido e economicamente mundializado. A critica realizada por nossa análise, pauta-se na explicitação das implicações e limites dessa proposta para a formação humana, compreendendo que a proposta dos documentos analisados mantém os efeitos do trabalho alienado sobre o trabalhador, legitimando e naturalizando a desumanização inerente às relações sociais da sociabilidade capitalista. Quanto à vida coletiva, os Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais e os Temas Transversais sugerem a cidadania e o mercado consumidor. Entendemos que essa vida coletiva tem uma existência abstrata e vazia de sentido, pois restringe-se ao espaço da política e do mercado, controlados e necessários à reprodução desse sistema. E por fim, tentamos demonstrar as possibilidades de uma atividade educativa que vislumbre uma formação para além do capital. The present work analyzes, to the light of the marxiana ontologia, the formation directed toward the empregabilidade contained in the National Curricular Parameters (1998/1999, in the Transversal Subjects (1998 and in the National Curricular Lines of direction of Average Ensino (1999. The boarding defended for the National Curricular Parameters presents the sociability of insuperável and untouchable the capital as something, fitting only to transform the conscience of the men, enabling them to the enfretamento of the challenges of a world tecnologicamente developed and economically

  12. Las concepciones de curriculum y su importancia en la elaboración de un doctorado curricular en estomatología The curriculum concepts and its significance in designing of a curricular doctorate in Stomatology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadonim Vila Morales

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El diseño curricular es una etapa esencial del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. En dependencia de la concepción teórica y epistemológica que se tenga del curriculum, así será la estructuración de los procesos educativos y del tipo de pedagogía a implementar. En Cuba la Facultad de Estomatología cuenta con una amplia experiencia de 110 años en la formación de recursos humanos; sin embargo, se considera que la preparación de posgrado en esta ciencia debe ser fortalecida. Es por ello que este trabajo tuvo como objetivo evaluar las concepciones curriculares aplicables a la formación doctoral de posgrado en estomatología y proponer un posicionamiento crítico respecto al concepto de curriculum, que siente bases teóricas para el diseño de un doctorado curricular colaborativo en la mencionada profesión. La posición conceptual de curriculum de este estudio fue totalmente coincidente con el concepto del Centro de Perfeccionamiento de la Educación Superior de la Universidad de La Habana, pues destaca el plano estructural-formal, donde se concreta el proyecto elaborado, que se expresa en documentos, normativas y reglamentos del curriculum oficial, y a la vez se destaca el plano procesual-práctico, o sea, el proceso de realización curricular que se identifica con las prácticas educativas de posgrado.The curricular design is an essential stage of teaching-learning process. Depending of the theoretical and epistemologic concept on curriculum, will be the structuring of teaching process and of the type of pedagogy to be applied. In Cuba, the Stomatology Faculty has a broad experience of 110 years in the training of human resources; however it is considered that the postgraduate training in this science must to be strengthened. That is aim of present paper was to assess the curricular concepts applicable to doctoral training of postgraduate in Stomatology and to propose a critical location regarding the concept of curriculum, creating

  13. O professor de matemática e a produção de saberes sobre a gestão curricular The maths teacher and the production of curricular management knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Antonio Gonçalves Júnior

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo coloca o professor enquanto ator numa comunidade de prática (LLINARES, 2000, dentro da qual desenvolve tarefas diversas com o objetivo de atingir os objetivos curriculares - práticas de gestão curricular (PONTE e SERRAZINA, 2004. Apresenta o que Tardif (2000 chama de saberes docentes, relacionando-os com os conhecimentos-na-ação relativos à prática letiva (PONTE, 1995. Com isso, analisa alguns momentos da prática de uma professora da 8a série do Ensino Fundamental, especialmente a apresentação de uma tarefa, um exercício algorítmico (informações coletadas no âmbito de uma pesquisa de mestrado, do qual este texto é fruto, refletindo sobre as potencialidades do professor como produtor de saberes para o ensino de matemática.This article sees the teacher as an actor in a community of practice (LLINARES, 2000, where he/she carries out several tasks to achieve curricular objectives - curricular management practices (PONTE e SERRAZINA, 2004. It introduces what Tardiff (2000 calls “teachers knowledge”, relating it to “knowledge in action” in teaching practice (PONTE, 1995. From this standpoint, it analyzes some moments of practice of an 8th grade Elementary School teacher, specially during the presentation of an algorithm task ( information collected during a Master Degree research, from which this text originated, providing some reflection on the potentialities of the teacher as the producer of Math teaching knowledge.

  14. EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF); Scientific O pinion Flavouring Group Evaluation 23, Revision 4 (FGE.23Rev4): Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic ethers including anisole derivatives from chemical groups 15, 16, 22, 26 and 30

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beltoft, Vibe Meister; Binderup, Mona-Lise; Frandsen, Henrik Lauritz;

    .068, 04.069, 04.075, 04.079, 04.084, 08.127, 09.687, 13.170 and 13.200] do not give rise to safety concerns at their levels of dietary intake, estimated on the basis of the MSDI approach. Besides the safety assessment of these flavouring substances, the specifications for the materials of commerce have...... also been considered. Specifications including complete purity criteria and identity for the materials of commerce have been provided for all 21 candidate substances. © European Food Safety Authority, 2013...

  15. Relatório de Estágio Curricular - Banco Espírito Santo (Guimarães)

    OpenAIRE

    Baptista, Bruna

    2012-01-01

    De acordo com o programa curricular do curso de Gestão da Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão do Instituto Politécnico da Guarda, os alunos têm de realizar um estágio curricular ao qual está associada a elaboração de um relatório. Este é o fruto do meu estágio efetuado no Banco Espírito Santo, no balcão de Guimarães Sul, decorrido entre 16 de Agosto e 11 de Novembro de 2011. O presente relatório tem por finalidade dar a conhecer a instituição bancária, o local e as atividades desenvolvi...

  16. La atención a la diversidad y las adaptaciones curriculares en la normativa española

    OpenAIRE

    Grau Rubio, Claudia; Fernández Hawrylak, María

    2008-01-01

    El término adaptación curricular se introduce en España con la L.O.G.S.E. (1990) y tiene su base en el informe Warnock. Sustituye al P.D.I. (Programa de Desarrollo Individual) utilizado desde el Plan Nacional de la Educación Especial (1978). La adaptación curricular, como ¿adaptación de la enseñanza¿ tiene como objetivo adecuarla a las peculiaridades y necesidades de cada alumno. La adaptación se realiza desde un currículo común y flexible, y es un concepto ligado al de atención a la diversid...

  17. Base nacional curricular comum: a falsa oposição entre conhecimento para fazer algo e conhecimento em si

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Macedo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Assumindo uma visão da política como processo de signifiXação a partir da teoria do discurso de Ernesto Laclau e Chantal Mouffe, foco o atual debate sobre bases nacionais curriculares comuns no Brasil. Sendo o antagonismo social inerradicável, defendo que o terreno político é sempre marcado por articulações entre uma pluralidade de demandas. Utilizo a experiência da Austrália como ponto de partida para destacar duas ideias que se antagonizam nas discussões sobre base curricular comum no Brasil, quais sejam: conhecimento para fazer algo e conhecimento em si. Após analisar a oposição entre elas, argumento que a disputa naturaliza o sentido de currículo como controle, ideia que tento deslocar entendendo educação, justiça e democracia como porvir.

  18. ESTRATEGIA CURRICULAR PARA LA FORMACIÓN DE LA COMPETENCIA DE EMPRENDIMIENTO EN NEGOCIO EN REDES UNIVERSITARIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sención Raquel Yvelice Zorob Avila

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza la educación tradicional, la que ostenta una metodología para formar emprendedores en cursos de objetivos específicos en contradicción a la formación por competencias, la que se regula en el aprendizaje por proyecto, desde un modelo sistémico - estructural con un enfoque complejo en el proceso curricular de la carrera, que se instrumenta en la estrategia curricular de la competencia a través de redes sociales y plataformas virtuales que permiten potenciar la vinculación universidad-sociedad-empresa en la transformación del sistema educativo a distancia con emprendedores en negocio capaces de generar empleos hacia el desarrollo sostenible.

  19. Generation of material stress-strain curves for the parametric study of pipeline buckling[Includes the CSCE forum on professional practice and career development : 1. international engineering mechanics and materials specialty conference : 1. international/3. coastal, estuarine and offshore engineering specialty conference : 2. international/8. construction specialty conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tan, Z.; Khoo, H. [Carleton Univ., Ottawa, ON (Canada). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    2009-07-01

    Failures in steel pipelines are typically preceded by inelastic local buckling which depends on the shape of the material stress-strain curve. Non-dimensional equations can be used to quantify and predict the buckling limits for a range of stress-strain curves found in pipes through parametric finite element analyses. This paper evaluated the feasibility and ease of using an equation to generate the stress-strain curve for a pipe buckling parametric study. A power-law based equation for generating the true stress-true plastic strain curve was adopted. The equation made it possible to quantify the local buckling response to various material stress-strain curves using only a few parameters, such as ultimate to yield strength (proportional limit) ratio, and strain at ultimate stress measured from the end of yield plateau. The same parameters can therefore be used for different material yield strength and length of yield plateau, and enable the development of a more compact material property dependent non-dimensional buckling limit equation. 6 refs., 6 tabs., 3 figs.

  20. A Proficiency Based Stepwise Endovascular Curricular Training (PROSPECT) Program Enhances Operative Performance in Real Life: A Randomised Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maertens, H; Aggarwal, R; Moreels, N; Vermassen, F; Van Herzeele, I

    2017-09-01

    Healthcare evolution requires optimisation of surgical training to provide safe patient care. Operating room performance after completion of proficiency based training in vascular surgery has not been investigated. A randomised controlled trial evaluated the impact of a Proficiency based Stepwise Endovascular Curricular Training program (PROSPECT) on the acquisition of endovascular skills and the transferability of these skills to real life interventions. All subjects performed two endovascular interventions treating patients with symptomatic iliac and/or superficial femoral artery stenosis under supervision. Primary outcomes were technical performances (Global Rating Scale [GRS]; Examiner Checklist), operative metrics, and patient outcomes, adjusted for case difficulty and trainee experience. Secondary outcomes included knowledge and technical performance after 6 weeks and 3 months. Thirty-two general surgical trainees were randomised into three groups. Besides traditional training, the first group (n = 11) received e-learning and simulation training (PROSPECT), the second group (n = 10) only had access to e-learning, while controls (n = 11) did not receive supplementary training. Twenty-nine trainees (3 dropouts) performed 58 procedures. Trainees who completed PROSPECT showed superior technical performance (GRS 39.36 ± 2.05; Checklist 63.51 ± 3.18) in real life with significantly fewer supervisor takeovers compared with trainees receiving e-learning alone (GRS 28.42 ± 2.15; p = .001; Checklist 53.63 ± 3.34; p = .027) or traditional education (GRS 23.09 ± 2.18; p = .001; Checklist 38.72 ± 3.38; p = .001). Supervisors felt more confident in allowing PROSPECT trained physicians to perform basic (p = .006) and complex (p = .003) procedures. No differences were detected in procedural parameters (such as fluoroscopy time, DAP, procedure time, etc.) or complications. Proficiency levels were maintained up to 3 months. A structured

  1. PLANEAMIENTO PEDAGÓGICO Y REALIDAD CURRICULAR EN PERÍODOS OBLIGATORIOS EN GEOGRAFÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leônidas de Santana Marques

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Este artículo es el resultado de casi dos años de observaciones, coparticipaciones y enseñanza llevadas a cabo en cuatro componentes curriculares de períodos obligatorios, requisitos de formación del licenciado en el curso de Geografía. Por lo tanto, tratamos de examinar cómo el planeamiento pedagógico se refiere a la dinámica cotidiana de la educación pública en la noche teniendo en cuenta las constantes interrupciones del calendario escolar. Estas reflexiones se construyen a partir de los distintos momentos de la participación en el ámbito escolar, principalmente en la experiencia de la enseñanza. Toda la investigación fue construida de acuerdo con las hipótesis de la investigación-acción. En este sentido conviene reforzar la necesidad de pensar en el planeamiento (y sus cuestiones en diversas disciplinas del conocimiento escolar y las repercusiones correspondientes en la formación humana de los estudiantes. RESUMO: O presente artigo é resultado de quase dois anos de observações, coparticipações e regência ao longo de quatro componentes curriculares de Estágio Supervisionado, requisito da formação do licenciado no curso de Geografia. Assim, pretendeu-se analisar como o planejamento pedagógico docente se relaciona com a dinâmica cotidiana do ensino público noturno considerando as constantes interrupções do calendário letivo. Estas reflexões foram construídas a partir dos vários momentos de participação no ambiente escolar na condição de estagiário, principalmente a partir das experiências de regência. Toda a pesquisa foi construída conforme os pressupostos da pesquisa-ação. Neste sentido, vale reforçar a necessidade de pensarmos o planejamento (e suas problemáticas nos mais diversos campos disciplinares do conhecimento escolar e os devidos rebatimentos na formação humana dos discentes envolvidos.

  2. INTERACTIONS 1 AS AN ELT COURSEBOOK: A CURRICULAR AND THEORY-BASED SCRUTINY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Sevilla Morales

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza la pertinencia del libro Interactions 1 como texto utilizado en el curso IO-5400 Comunicación Oral I, perteneciente al primer año de la carrera de Bachillerato en la Enseñanza del inglés en una universidad pública en Costa Rica. En este sentido, se estudia la metodología propuesta en el texto, su diseño (imágenes, estrategias didácticas para el desarrollo de habilidades orales y auditivas, recursos que acompañan el texto, entre otros y su enfoque curricular, a fin de determinar la congruencia entre los principios teóricos que establecen los autores acerca de la evaluación y el diseño de los recursos didácticos y el texto supra citado. Asimismo, se analizó la pertinencia de dicho texto con diferentes aspectos que contiene el currículo de la carrera como: el perfil de salida del estudiante, los objetivos y la metodología, entre otros. El estudio se basó en una metodología de investigación descriptiva donde se combinan estrategias para la recolección de la información, tales como listas de cotejo y escalas Likert. El análisis e interpretación de los datos se realizó mediante la triangulación de fuentes. El estudio devela, por una parte, que el nivel de coherencia del texto Interactions 1 con los principios teóricos para el diseño y la evaluación de recursos didácticos, es insuficiente con respecto a los criterios especializados para esta área. Por otra parte, en relación con los aspectos del currículo de la carrera, resulta aceptable en tanto el docente debe contextualizarlo y complementarlo con sus propios recursos y estrategias didácticas para que resulte totalmente satisfactorio al proceso de aprendizaje del idioma Inglés. El aporte fundamental del estudio comprueba la necesidad de utilizar criterios técnicos para el diseño de recursos didácticos afines al enfoque curricular de los planes de estudios de Enseñanza del Inglés.

  3. Interactions 1 as an ELT coursebook: a curricular and theory-based scrutiny

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevilla Morales, Henry

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza la pertinencia del libro Interactions 1 como texto utilizado en el curso IO-5400 Comunicación Oral I, perteneciente al primer año de la carrera de Bachillerato en la Enseñanza del inglés en una universidad pública en Costa Rica. En este sentido, se estudia la metodología propuesta en el texto, su diseño (imágenes, estrategias didácticas para el desarrollo de habilidades orales y auditivas, recursos que acompañan el texto, entre otros y su enfoque curricular, a fin de determinar la congruencia entre los principios teóricos que establecen los autores acerca de la evaluación y el diseño de los recursos didácticos y el texto supra citado. Asimismo, se analizó la pertinencia de dicho texto con diferentes aspectos que contiene el currículo de la carrera como: el perfil de salida del estudiante, los objetivos y la metodología, entre otros. El estudio se basó en una metodología de investigación descriptiva donde se combinan estrategias para la recolección de la información, tales como listas de cotejo y escalas Likert. El análisis e interpretación de los datos se realizó mediante la triangulación de fuentes. El estudio devela, por una parte, que el nivel de coherencia del texto Interactions 1 con los principios teóricos para el diseño y la evaluación de recursos didácticos, es insuficiente con respecto a los criterios especializados para esta área. Por otra parte, en relación con los aspectos del currículo de la carrera, resulta aceptable en tanto el docente debe contextualizarlo y complementarlo con sus propios recursos y estrategias didácticas para que resulte totalmente satisfactorio al proceso de aprendizaje del idioma Inglés. El aporte fundamental del estudio comprueba la necesidad de utilizar criterios técnicos para el diseño de recursos didácticos afines al enfoque curricular de los planes de estudios de Enseñanza del Inglés.

  4. Desarrollo curricular, conciencia ambiental y tecnologia para estudiantes de intermedia: Una investigacion en accion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez Ramos, Teresita

    Se llevó a cabo una investigación en acción con los propósitos de 1) documentar las relaciones de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en las clases de ciencias de escuela intermedia como elemento de apoyo cuando se aborda el tema ambiental y sus conceptos pertinentes, a partir de las observaciones de la investigadora, así como las entrevistas y diarios reflexivos de los estudiantes de una escuela intermedia en la zona metropolitana, y luego 2) diseñar una unidad instruccional sobre el tema ambiental que integre actividades tecnologías para el curso de ciencias de la escuela intermedia según el modelo PROCIC y las observaciones que hayan iniciado los estudiantes participantes. Finalmente, se plantearon las implicaciones educativas para el currículo del Programa de Ciencias al instrumentar este modelo de unidad mediante PROCIC, e integrado la tecnología y el tema ambiental. Los hallazgos se analizaron y se categorizaron de acuerdo con las preguntas de investigación. El hallazgo principal de la investigación aborda las cuatro relaciones centrales en las que se articula la utilización de las tecnologías y sus aplicaciones en la clase de ciencias. Estas cuatro relaciones que recogen la posición de los estudiantes son: 1) Perspectiva de los estudiantes hacia la tecnología. 2) Participación de los estudiantes en los aspectos docentes. 3) Aprendizaje estudiantil sobre el ambiente, y 4) Conciencia ambiental en relación con la vida diaria. Estas relaciones ponen de manifiesto,cómo se plantea en las implicaciones, la necesidad de más investigación en acción en la sala de clases, la importancia—como tema transversal—de la conciencia ambiental mediante la tecnología al construir conocimientos significativos dentro y fuera de la escuela, asó como, valorar la investigación y la dialogicidad en la sala de clases como actividades que obligan al reexamen de la práctica didáctica en su formas curriculares de objetivos, recursos

  5. AS CONVERSAS NAS PRODUÇÕES DE POLITICAS CURRICULARES COTIDIANAS

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    Allan Rodrigues

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available O texto parte de pesquisa que entende a produção cotidiana dos currículos e práticas docentes como centrais para o estudo dos processos e contextos da formação de professores e para o debate sobre a produção de políticas curriculares a partir das professoras da rede municipal de São Gonçalo/RJ. Discute as produções dos currículos buscando compreendê-las no contexto do cotidiano da politica curricular expressa por narrativas de professores do mesmo município. Ao estudar tais produções, reflete sobre os aspectos metodológicos para a pesquisa e as ações com a formação docente e com as políticas cotidianas de produção dos currículos comprometidas com a justiça social. Compreende as práticas docentes que produzem os currículos no cotidiano, bem como as narrativas como produções potenciais para reabilitar os sentimentos e as paixões enquanto forças mobilizadoras da transformação social (SANTOS, 1995. Corrobora a compreensão sobre os diálogos entre os professores e entre as escolas e universidades como ferramenta que potencializa deslocamentos e produções de outros-novos saberes nas negociações de sentidos com os currículos e na tessitura das redes de fazeressaberes docentes. As narrativas de professoras formam o corpus da pesquisa foram registradas em vídeo e estudadas, evidenciando: processos de interlocução e produção de saberes docentes; práticas mais coletivas e solidárias na produção dos conhecimentos nos currículos e importantes questionamentos quanto à justiça social e cognitiva.

  6. Built to Last: Curricular Planning to Stand the Test of Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, J. J.; Knudsen, A.; Bjornerud, M.

    2007-12-01

    At Lawrence University rapid, wholesale personnel changes allowed us the unique opportunity to completely rethink our curriculum in 2000. The major challenge that we faced was how to offer a curriculum that reflects the growing interdisciplinarity and complexity of the geosciences with a relatively small faculty (three members). We addressed this issue by identifying the essential elements of a geoscience program and reconciled these with our own priorities, strengths, potentials, and limitations. We then built the strongest possible program given these resources and constraints. As new faculty members were hired, we deliberately sought out versatile, flexible candidates whose training embraced several sub-disciplines. As we discussed the skills and concepts we considered essential for geology students and assessed the expertise of our faculty, we concluded that for us the most efficient curricular framework would emphasize 1) fundamental processes that drive Earth systems and 2) connections with cognate sciences. This shift in focus also has allowed us to serve the interdisciplinary Environmental studies curriculum in an integral way, without undercutting the department's own mission. There are serious challenges to departments looking to change their core curriculum. Resistance to change can come from both within departments and through external entities. Because all of our faculty were new to Lawrence, we faced no internal resistance. However, we have faced some challenges in explaining our major to "old school" alumni, emeriti, and to some graduate programs who note the lack of specific course titles on student transcripts. We also have found the need to make adjustments to our initial curricular redesign to effectively cover topics such as optical mineralogy and sedimentology and stratigraphy. Finding appropriate textbooks for our courses continues to pose a problem. Despite these challenges, we are very positive about the student response to our changes

  7. HANS FREUDENTHAL, un matemático en Didáctica y teoría curricular

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gravemeijer, K.P.E.; Terwel, J.

    2000-01-01

    Se describen las principales ideas del trabajo de Hans Freudenthal (1905-1990), el matemático y educador matemático holandés, relacionadas con teoría curricular y didáctica. Se explora el credo educacional de Freudenthal: “la matemática es una actividad humana”. Desde este punto de partida pedagógic

  8. A curricular frame for physics education: Development, comparison with students' interests, and impact on students' achievement and self-concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Häussler, Peter; Hoffmann, Lore

    2000-11-01

    This article presents three interlinked studies aimed at: (1) developing a curricular frame for physics education; (2) assessing the students' interest in the contents, contexts, and activities that are suggested by that curricular frame; and (3) developing a curriculum that is in line with that frame and measuring its cognitive and emotional effects on students. The curricular frame was developed by adopting the Delphi technique and drawing on the expertise of 73 persons selected according to specified selection criteria. Interest data of some 8000 students and information of the presently taught physics curriculum were sampled longitudinally as well as cross-sectionally in various German Länder (states) by questionnaire. The third study comprised 23 experimental and 7 control classes. As a result of the comparison between the features of the curricular frame, the interest structure of students, and the current physics curriculum, there is a remarkable congruency between students' interest in physics and the kind of physics education identified in the Delphi study as being relevant. However, there is a considerable discrepancy between students' interest and the kind of physics instruction practiced in the physics classroom. Regression analysis revealed that students' interest in physics as a school subject is hardly related to their interest in physics, but mainly to the students' self-esteem of being good achievers. The data strongly suggest physics be taught so that students have a chance to develop a positive physics-related self-concept and to link physics with situations they encounter outside the classroom. A curriculum based on these principles proved superior compared to a traditional curriculum.

  9. Propuesta Curricular que ofrece la Universidad de Costa Rica para la formación de profersores de Ciencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roldán Santamaría, Leda

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo recoge los resultados de una investigación realizada para determinar las necesidades de cambio en el plan de estudios de formación de profesores y bachilleres en la enseñanza de las ciencias naturales que se gradúan en la Universidad de Costa Rica. Al final se presenta una propuesta curricular para lograr la actualización del mismo.

  10. Educación Superior y Competencias: monitoreo de un Programa Co-curricular basado en Competencias

    OpenAIRE

    Sergio Madero Gómez; Olivia Hernández Pozas; Ricardo Flores Zambada

    2009-01-01

    El presente ensayo describe el programa conocido como Modalidad de Experiencia Profesional, diseñado curricularmente por competencias y presenta el impacto del nuevo diseño curricular en los indicadores de gestión educativa. Además, provee una discusión y reflexión acerca de las causas e implicaciones potenciales de dichos resultados y concluye con recomendaciones.

  11. Área curricular de "Estudo Acompanhado". Contributos para a discussão de uma metodologia

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    Pedro Rosário Sales Luís

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Flexible Curriculum Management Project proposes "Accompanied Study" as a new curriculum area. In this paper, major issues involved in this new curricular tool are analysed. Learning strategies, metacognition and self-regulation concepts are discussed. Recent reviews on study-skills, their conclusions and implications to practice are analysed. A socio-cognitive framework is proposed and its guidelines are discussed in order to promote seIf-regulation learning.

  12. Educación Superior y Competencias: monitoreo de un Programa Co-curricular basado en Competencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Madero Gómez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente ensayo describe el programa conocido como Modalidad de Experiencia Profesional, diseñado curricularmente por competencias y presenta el impacto del nuevo diseño curricular en los indicadores de gestión educativa. Además, provee una discusión y reflexión acerca de las causas e implicaciones potenciales de dichos resultados y concluye con recomendaciones.

  13. Propuesta de un perfil profesional para el diseño del doctorado curricular colaborativo en estomatología

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    Dadonim Vila Morales

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El perfil profesional constituye un modelo, una idealización de las características, conocimientos, habilidades que debe poseer el egresado de cualquier nivel de estudios tanto terciario como del cuarto nivel. La Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana ha estado trabajando en pro de desarrollar un doctorado curricular en ciencias estomatológicas. Esta investigación pedagógica tuvo como propósito analizar teóricamente la importancia del perfil profesional y proponer un diseño de perfil profesional para un doctorado curricular colaborativo en ciencias estomatológicas. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de los fundamentos teóricos-metodológicos del perfil profesional, se analizó su implementación en el diseño curricular. Se señaló la importancia de un perfil de egresado correctamente instrumentado como sustento teórico-pedagógico, socio-crítico.

  14. La administración curricular en la Educación Superior caso de la Universidad de Costa Rica

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    Guiselle María Garbanzo Vargas

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación analiza la administracióncurricular en la educación superior pública, concreta-mente el caso de la Universidad de Costa Rica, en su se-de central. En ella se revisan los procedimientos adminis-trativos que emplean las unidades académicas en la ges-tión curricular, así como sus principales obstáculos y for-talezas en dicha área. Se complementa el estudio con ladeterminación de cómo se preparan estas unidades aca-démicas en materia curricular ante las demandas de lamodernidad. Reúne el criterio de directores y directorasde las unidades académicas de distintas áreas de esta ca-sa de estudios. Se enfatiza en la necesidad de que la ad-ministración universitaria, en sus políticas de desarrolloinstitucional, contribuya a fortalecer el compromiso do-cente en los replanteamientos curriculares

  15. Status of Co-Curricular and Extra Class Activities of Student Organizations from Selected Tertiary Institutions in the Philippines

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    Rowena R. Abrea

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the co-curricular and extra class activities of selected Tertiary Education Institutions (TEIs in Batangas Province and the impact of these activities to students’ development. The descriptive method of research was utilized with the use of a questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument, supplemented by documentary analysis, interview and focus group discussion. Respondents of the study were 16 administrators, 96 faculty members and 494 student officers from nine selected colleges in the province. Frequency, percentage, ranking, weighted mean, and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA or F-test were the statistical tools used in the study. Results of the study revealed that all the colleges have recognized student organizations, and its membership except in student government was based on students’ interests. The goals were in line with the vision and mission of the institution and membership fee was the primary source of fund. The respondents assessed that there was an extensive participation of students in co-curricular and extra class activities. The strategies applied were effective and delivery systems were frequently used by the students’ organization. It was found out that the administration was supportive in student activities specifically in the use of physical facilities. The findings revealed that the identified activities contributed to a great extent to students’ mental, social, physical, behavioral and moral development. The strengths of the activities were evident, however, weaknesses were sometimes observed. A management guide on co-curricular and extra class activities was the output of the study.

  16. Když je kurikulární reforma evidence-less. / On an evidence-less curricular reform.

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    Stanislav Štech

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The topic of the study consists in the analysis of the „story“ of the Czech curricular reform based on the comparison of its concepts and logic with the results of educational and psychological research in teaching and learning. The first part attempts to prove that the failure of the reform mostly rejected by teachers doesn’t consist in the lack of communication with them. The following part reveals the old tension between thinking/student oriented vs. subject oriented teaching behind current reform clichés. As the core and the symbol of the curricular reform, the notion of competence is critically analyzed: it is a bad answer, because it is not research evidence-based, to a good question. The last part deals with three issuesfrom psychological research the results of which the reform largely ignored:(1 predominant focus on problem solving ignoring the results of research on the relationship between working memory and long-term memory and in the cognitive-load theory, (2 stress on the transversal competences as the goal of teaching ignoring the narrow and strong link of the thinking skills with the specific object of thinking and its epistemological constraints, and (3 challenging the belief the (far transfer could play the role of the criterion of the learning effectiveness. Thus, the curricular reform was more ideology-driven than evidence-based.

  17. PREFERENCIAS IMPLÍCITAS SOBRE EL CONTENIDO CURRICULAR EN ESTUDIANTES DE NIVEL TÉCNICO MEDIO SUPERIOR

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    Cecilia Contreras Lozano

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizó la actitud implícita que tienen varios grupos de estudiantes sobre los contenidos curriculares de varias carreras. A 204 estudiantes de tres niveles académicos se les solicitó que respondieran una prueba computarizada del sistema IAT que tenía por objetivo determinar dicha actitud hacia el contenido curricular de las materias de cuatro carreras de una preparatoria técnica. Los resultados señalan que en la carrera de Alimentos hubo un cambio hacia una actitud más positiva al final de la carrera con respecto a los estudiantes que la inician, mientras que en la carrera de Sistemas lo hubo hacia una actitud negativa con respecto de los estudiantes al inicio de dicha carrera. Los estudiantes de las otras carreras incluidas no mostraron diferencias significativas en su actitud hacia el contenido curricular correspondiente. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados señalados.

  18. The perceived benefits of belonging to an extra curricular group within a pre-registration nursing course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerrard, Sabina; Billington, John

    2014-05-01

    This study describes a qualitative research design that focuses on nursing students who were aligned to different extra-curricular groups (a student representative committee, a Nurses' Day Committee and a magazine editorial team) within the School of Health. The study explores the nursing students' experiences and perceptions of belonging to an extra-curricular group within a pre-registration nursing course. Data were collected using focus groups. The findings of this study suggest that students who are members of extra-curricular groups perceive group membership to have many positive benefits. The findings were grouped into three main themes namely: employability, retention and personal gain. The findings suggest that students are clearly aware of their career development and expressed how group membership meant they were able to develop skills around employability. Students highlighted that they gained support and built lasting relationships through the groups which supported and reassured them which it was felt enabled them to progress successfully through the course. These themes reinforce the value of having established groups within a pre-registration curriculum.

  19. Inovação curricular nos cursos de graduação em medicina: o ensino da bioética como uma possibilidade

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    Rildo Pereira da Silva

    Full Text Available O estudo tem por objetivos sistematizar o estado da arte do ensino da bioética na graduação médica brasileira, com base nos trabalhos publicados nos anais dos congressos da Sociedade Brasileira de Bioética, da Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica e da Rede Unida, e nas revistas Bioética, Brasileira de Bioética, Brasileira de Educação Médica e Olho Mágico dos anos 2000 até 2005, e identificar concepções, conceitos, métodos e pressupostos bioéticos adotados no material pesquisado. Situa-se entre os campos da educação e do trabalho médicos, aqui entendidos como duas práticas sociais que devem dialogar permanentemente, razão pela qual a Pedagogia das Competências e as noções de competência e autonomia, como fundamentação e categorias teóricas, respectivamente, nele se inserem como aportes para compreender o processo de inclusão do ensino de bioética nos cursos de graduação médica, como uma possibilidade de inovação curricular.

  20. Building up STEM: An Analysis of Teacher-Developed Engineering Design-Based STEM Integration Curricular Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzey, S. Selcen; Moore, Tamara J.; Harwell, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Improving K-12 Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education has a priority on numerous education reforms in the United States. To that end, developing and sustaining quality programs that focus on integrated STEM education is critical for educators. Successful implementation of any STEM program is related to the curriculum…