WorldWideScience

Sample records for current school reform

  1. Higher Education and School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Shirley M.

    1993-01-01

    Higher education has related asynchronously to recent cycles in social movements affecting school reform. Current efforts in Oregon illustrate this pattern in public colleges. Although higher education is not likely to overcome its skepticism of reform dynamics, there is both reason and potential for promising alliances with schools. (Author/MSE)

  2. What Next in School Reform?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews the current state of education reform in the United Kingdom and uses the BBC film "The Choir to explore alternative ways of improving the quality of learning and teaching in schools.

  3. Policy Reform Efforts and Equal Opportunity – An Evidence-Based Link? An Analysis of Current Sector Reforms in the Austrian School System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinna Geppert

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main focus of the present paper is to answer two different questions: From the perspective of Austrian education policy, which core areas of schooling are linked to the demand for equal opportunity? Can these reform efforts sustain the current state of research, and what are the consequences for schooling? The paper draws on an analysis by Hopmann, Geppert & Bauer (2010. Fifteen official self-presentations (political programmes of Austrian political parties were analysed for statements concerning the improvement of the education system. This resulted in about seventy different statements, which were aggregated into eight core areas.We conducted a systematic analysis of four of these core areas, dealing with the topics of equal opportunity: comprehensive school, all-day schooling, school autonomy and standardisation of students’ achievements. The aim was not to judge the legitimacy or the political content of the claims made. In line with evaluative discourse, we asked whether the combination of political demands and their associated expectations met the current state of research. In many policy programmes, it is assumed that comprehensive schooling, all-day schooling, education standards, standardised general certification for university attendance, school autonomy or language surveys go hand in hand with more equality of opportunity, justice andquality in education, but an analysis of the current state of research could not confirm this. The analysis showed that, with regard to education policy demands, statements having empirically little or nothing to do with each other are often linked.

  4. Small School Reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carroll E. Bronson

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This qualitative ethnographic case study explored the evolution of a public urban high school in its 3rd year of small school reform. The study focused on how the high school proceeded from its initial concept, moving to a small school program, and emerging as a new small high school. Data collection included interviews, observations, and document review to develop a case study of one small high school sharing a multiplex building. The first key finding, “Too Many Pieces, Not Enough Glue,” revealed that the school had too many new programs starting at once and they lacked a clear understanding of their concept and vision for their new small school, training on the Montessori philosophies, teaching and learning in small schools, and how to operate within a teacher-cooperative model. The second key finding, “A Continuous Struggle,” revealed that the shared building space presented problems for teachers and students. District policies remain unchanged, resulting in staff and students resorting to activist approaches to get things done. These findings offer small school reform leaders suggestions for developing and sustaining a small school culture and cohesion despite the pressures to revert back to top-down, comprehensive high school norms.

  5. The Danish school reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bager, Ann; Mølholm, Martin; Horsbøl, Anders

    (Latour), e.g. civil service and municipal practices and texts, into the organizational practices of two local schools. On the basis of these analyses, we will establish a participatory process in which local actors are involved in the co-creation of new plurivocal and egalitarian dialogue designs......The paper presents a methodological framework for the study of the discursive emergence of the recent Danish School reform (2014). The framework will enable discourse scholars to hold an actively involved position in changing and furthering plurivocal processes of translations, negotiations...... and implementation of the reform. The framework is operationalized through research-based participatory collaborative processes involving local actors in two Danish public schools. It interlinks diverse discourse strategies and perceptive distances that traditionally belong to separate branches within discourse...

  6. Telecommunications: Electronic Tools for Chicago School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Beverly J.; And Others

    This study examined the feasibility and advisability of using telecommunications in the Chicago Public School (CPS) system to support school reform that has been mandated by recent legislation. Survey research yielded information on the current status of staff development and Local School Council (LSC) training, and provided the basis for…

  7. "Dreamt into Existence by Others": Curriculum Theory and School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinar, William F.

    1992-01-01

    The article examines problems in the U.S. public school system. It describes the factory and corporate models of education and suggests that, despite the conservative origins of the current wave of school reform, progress is possible. The article also discusses sociocultural factors and the importance of theory in school reform. (SM)

  8. Complexity Theory and School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Wanda

    2008-01-01

    There is a paucity of studies that assess the influence of communication in facilitating educational change. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of communication for high school principals in the implementation of education reform. Overall, the study found that top-down communication strategy was more prevalent in high schools. These…

  9. Selected Readings on School Reform. Vol. 2, No. 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, Washington, DC.

    Selected current readings in the area of school reform are presented. Seven selections in "The Front Lines" focus on current developments in educational change in the political arena. A section on "Charter Schools" contains eight readings on the development and implementation of charter schools. A section titled "School Choice" contains six essays…

  10. An Evolving List of School Reform Terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermudez, Pedro R.; Lindahl, Lois T.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses educational reform efforts that will change the school culture and improve instructional programs and includes a list of terms that represent the language of school reform. Understanding these terms might serve to influence the change process in schools that are thinking about or are actually engaged in systemic reform initiatives.…

  11. When School Reform Goes Wrong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noddings, Nel

    2007-01-01

    In this much-needed volume, Nel Noddings uses her extensive experience at every level of schooling to challenge the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Noddings invites readers to think critically about the ideas underlying NCLB, the reform movement that shaped it, and the processes it has put into play. She considers such questions as: Is money the…

  12. Reforming "Time" in Danish Schools?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaaben, Nana Katrine

    2017-01-01

    , and kept haunting them and the schools for the following years (Bjerg & Vaaben 2015; Bjerg & Vaaben n.d.).Secondly, it also had organizational implications. During the article I will argue, that the struggle was in a sense not really about time, but about power, about different understandings of value....... København: Samfundslitteratur.Bjerg, H. & Vaaben, N., The Danish School as a Haunted House - Reforming time, work and fantasies of teaching in the Danish public school. Ephemera.Glynos, J. & Howarth, D., 2007. Logics of Critical Explanation in Social and Political Theory, Abingdon, New York: Routledge...

  13. Radical School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Beatrice, Ed.; Gross, Ronald, Ed.

    This book provides a comprehensive examination of the nature of the school crisis and the ways in which radical thinkers and educators are dealing with it. Excerpts from the writings of Jonathan Kozol, John Holt, Kenneth Clark, and others are concerned with the realities of education in ghettos and suburbs. Paul Goodman, Marshall McLuhan, Sylvia…

  14. Housing Star Schools Reforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tushnet, Naida C.

    The Star Schools Program has funded projects to explore innovative educational applications of technology in distance education. Funded projects have applied a variety of technologies, including videodisks, compressed data transmission, fiber optic technology, and computer networks. Program evaluation is a mandated aspect of the program. This…

  15. Policy Reform Efforts and Equal Opportunity – An Evidence-Based Link? An Analysis of Current Sector Reforms in the Austrian School System

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Corinna Geppert; Sonja Bauer-Hofmann; Stefan Thomas Hopmann

    2012-01-01

    The main focus of the present paper is to answer two different questions: From the perspective of Austrian education policy, which core areas of schooling are linked to the demand for equal opportunity...

  16. Educational Reform and the Ecology of Schooling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisner, Elliot W.

    1992-01-01

    Meaningful and educationally significant school reform will require attention to five dimensions of schooling: the intentional, structural, curricular, pedagogical, and evaluative. Eight factors make change in schools difficult, including teacher isolation, persistence of school norms, inadequate in-service education, and internalized teacher…

  17. The Need for Transformational Leadership in Singapore's School-Based Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retna, Kala S.; Ng, Pak Tee

    2009-01-01

    In Singapore, "decentralization" and "school-based reforms" are key words within the current education reform agenda. This article argues that a key success factor in this agenda is transformational leadership in school. With more autonomy given to the school, transformational leadership at the school level will facilitate the…

  18. The Need for Transformational Leadership in Singapore's School-Based Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retna, Kala S.; Ng, Pak Tee

    2009-01-01

    In Singapore, "decentralization" and "school-based reforms" are key words within the current education reform agenda. This article argues that a key success factor in this agenda is transformational leadership in school. With more autonomy given to the school, transformational leadership at the school level will facilitate the…

  19. Arab Parents' Involvement in School Reform in Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arar, Khalid; Abu-Asbah, Khaled; Nasra, Muhammed Abu

    2014-01-01

    Current research indicates that parental involvement positively influences children's academic success. This study investigates parental involvement in the Arab education system in Israel, highlighting involvement in the New Horizon reform. We interviewed school principals and parent committee chairpersons from 15 Arab schools. The study confirmed…

  20. Arab Parents' Involvement in School Reform in Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arar, Khalid; Abu-Asbah, Khaled; Nasra, Muhammed Abu

    2014-01-01

    Current research indicates that parental involvement positively influences children's academic success. This study investigates parental involvement in the Arab education system in Israel, highlighting involvement in the New Horizon reform. We interviewed school principals and parent committee chairpersons from 15 Arab schools. The study confirmed…

  1. School Reform: The Flatworm in a Flat World--From Entropy to Renewal through Indigenous Invention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heckman, Paul E.; Montera, Viki L.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: In this article, we compare current schooling practices and reform efforts to the mechanistic industrial model and illustrate why this paradigm is no longer sufficient in this "flat world." Schooling and school reform in the 21st century continue to be approached as if these are a flatworm capable replicating itself. We argue that a new…

  2. Cutting through the Hype: The Essential Guide to School Reform. Revised, Expanded, and Updated Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Jane L.; Cuban, Larry

    2010-01-01

    "Cutting Through the Hype: The Essential Guide to School Reform" is a revised, expanded, and updated version of the classic work by Jane L. David and Larry Cuban. It offers balanced analyses of 23 currently popular school reform strategies, from teacher performance pay and putting mayors in charge to turnaround schools and data-driven instruction.…

  3. Reforming Schools: The Collective Doubting Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schechter, Chen; Ganon-Shilon, Sherry

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The ongoing challenge to sustain educational reforms requires a learning process through which doubt is induced as a means of fostering productive school change. The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of doubt as well as the doubting process and its importance to the school community, particularly with regard to educational…

  4. Implications of Bullying to School Policy Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Nina Marie

    2014-01-01

    Governmental attention to bullying in kindergarten through Grade 3 continues to be a challenge in a metropolitan school district in the eastern United States. This has presented a case for school policy reform. The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to examine how bullying and office discipline related to suspension referrals,…

  5. Reforming Schools: The Collective Doubting Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schechter, Chen; Ganon-Shilon, Sherry

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The ongoing challenge to sustain educational reforms requires a learning process through which doubt is induced as a means of fostering productive school change. The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of doubt as well as the doubting process and its importance to the school community, particularly with regard to educational…

  6. Building Potemkin Schools: Science Curriculum Reform in a STEM School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Tang Wee

    2012-01-01

    "Potemkin schools" is used as the phrase to capture what a US science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) public speciality high school becomes as a result of its institutional branding. By way of an examination of the efforts of one teacher drawn into school branding through his "inquiry-based reform" of an Advanced Chemistry course,…

  7. Comprehensive School Reform & Student Achievement in Kentucky Middle Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans-Andris, Melissa; Usui, Wayne M.

    2008-01-01

    This project examines the effects of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) models on the achievement of students in Kentucky middle schools. Previous studies exploring the effects of CSR on schools and student achievement have rendered mixed results (Berends, 2000; May & Supovitz, 2006; May, Supovitz, & Perda, 2004; RAND, 2002; Zhang, Shkolnik, &…

  8. Charter Schools: Experiments in Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, David

    By March 1994, eight states had adopted charter-school legislation. This report defines the charter-school concept and describes its advantages and disadvantages. Proponents argue that charter schools offer flexibility, decentralized decision making, a performance accountability, and school choice, and increased pressure for change. Opponents…

  9. Reforming health care in Canada: current issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baris Enis

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the current health care reform issues in Canada. The provincial health insurance plans of the 1960s and 1970s had the untoward effects of limiting the federal government's clout for cost control and of promoting a system centered on inpatient and medical care. Recently, several provincial commissions reported that the current governance structures and management processes are outmoded in light of new knowledge, new fiscal realities and the evolution of power among stake-holders. They recommend decentralized governance and restructuring for better management and more citizen participation. Although Canada's health care system remains committed to safeguarding its guiding principles, the balance of power may be shifting from providers to citizens and "technocrats". Also, all provinces are likely to increase their pressure on physicians by means of salary caps, by exploring payment methods such as capitation, limiting access to costly technology, and by demanding practice changes based on evidence of cost-effectiveness.

  10. Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hantzopoulos, Maria, Ed.; Tyner-Mullings, Alia R., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform features the most current empirical research about the successes and challenges of the small schools movement and the implications of such for urban public educational policy. Situated in a climate of hierarchical reform, many of the principles of the original…

  11. Testing and school reform in Danish education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kousholt, Kristine; Hamre, Bjørn

    2016-01-01

    This chapter will focus on shared characteristics of the Danish national standardized testing in public school and the ideals of being a student according to the Danish School Reform of 2014. In the chapter we argue that both kinds of materials (documents regarding the newly implemented national...... that the national testing program applies computer adaptive testing (CAT), i.e. the testing program adapts to how the student answer to the single test item and related to this, delivers more difficult or more easy test items to the individual student during test taking. The theoretical framework is based...... School reform and secondly ethnographic inspired fieldwork in Danish public schools. The analysis in the chapter consists of theoretical informed readings of the empirical material. The material is read through different dispositives, that is the dispositive of discipline; of security and optimization...

  12. Inequality and School reform in Bahia, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiter, Bernd

    2009-07-01

    This article compares public and community schools in Salvador, the state capital of Bahia, Brazil. Based on quantitative data analysis and qualitative research conducted on-site during three research trips in 2001, 2003 and 2005, the author finds that Brazil's extreme inequality and the associated concentration of state power in a few hands stand in the way of an effective reform. In 1999, the state of Bahia started to reform its basic education cycle, but the author's research shows that Bahian elites use access to basic education to defend their inherited privilege. The analysis of community schools further demonstrates that inequality also blocks effective community and parental involvement in school management, as schools tend to distance themselves from neighbourhoods portrayed as poor and black, and thus "dangerous".

  13. Correctional Education Reform--School Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puffer, Margaret; Burton, Linda

    2002-01-01

    School library services are essential to standards-based education reform. Correctional educators must be aware of information literacy standards as well as library standards for juvenile facilities and should incorporate library media specialists into correctional education programs. (Contains 32 references.) (SK)

  14. Realities of Rural School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seal, Kenna R.; Harmon, Hobart L.

    1995-01-01

    Schools in isolated rural areas like Braxton County, West Virginia, can emerge as learning communities and telecommuting villages. Future school mergers will be less common than consolidation of programs and services to improve access for students, their families, and the community. Technology will link schools with a global information network.…

  15. Educational Reform and the English Schools of Quebec.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeland, Elaine

    1999-01-01

    Traces the context in which the minority English-language community in Quebec is coming together to take ownership of the reforms in its schools. Provides a glimpse of the English-speaking community and focuses on the Linguistic Boards, school governance, and curriculum reform. Discusses the context and model of implementation for reforms in…

  16. Schools of Promise: A School District-University Partnership Centered on Inclusive School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Causton-Theoharis, Julie; Theoharis, George; Bull, Thomas; Cosier, Meghan; Dempf-Aldrich, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    A university-school district partnership, Schools of Promise (SOP), was formed to improve elementary schools for all children through whole-school reform. This effort focused on the concepts of belonging and inclusion, positioning the needs of marginalized students at the center of the reform through a university-facilitated restructuring of…

  17. Micropolitical Negotiations within School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skelton, Jane

    2010-01-01

    This case study examines the micropolitical strategies that a coach and seven teachers utilized to negotiate ideological and epistemological beliefs during required common planning time meetings for the period of one semester in an urban middle school. Theories of micropolitics and critical discourse analysis guided the development of the research…

  18. School Reform: Lessons from the Departed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Dan Marshall

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available

    In this article, the authors present data from a small study of 19 families who educate their children at home in rural Pennsylvania. Findings relative to why they opted out of the public education system and whether they would return are analyzed in light of a previously established construct (Idealogue/Pedagogue before being used to critique and expand it in light of broader cultural concerns. The authors argue, overall, that home educators are asserting their historical option of cultural agency and schooling. (Note 1

    If "school reform" is a bandwagon, then the parade is still in progress. Most of the grand proposals earlier composed by politicians, pundits, policy wonks, and professors have evolved into smaller, more locally pertinent endeavors by actual change participants (educators, students, parents and community members. In the worst case, the continuing accumulation of school reform efforts is understood as succeeding waves of perpetual hassle and silliness which disturb the basic soundness of business-as-usual. In the best case, such efforts become a representation of participants' commitment to the repetitive nature of the learning process: desiring to know and understand - acting upon these desires - making sense of and reflecting upon those actions - identifying new or different desires to know and understand. Thus, in the best case, school reform efforts should be here to stay.

    Those who care about examining and acting upon the quality of their local schools seek information from numerous sources, including their own experiences, outside consultants, beliefs and opinions collected from local, state, and national polls, and "the literature" of academia. But they seldom tap the one segment of their community which may provide the most unique perspective: parents who have opted out of the local public school system. We suspect that this group -- particularly those families who have taken it upon themselves to provide

  19. Immigrant Students and Secondary School Reform: Compendium Of Best Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spaulding, Shelley; Carolino, Barbara; Amen, Kali-Ahset; Smith; Kimberly Ball, Ed

    2004-01-01

    The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), through the Immigrant Students and Secondary School Reform project, seeks to strengthen the capacity of state education agencies and districts to improve delivery of educational services to English language learners (ELLs) enrolled in high schools undergoing reform. This compendium was developed…

  20. Comprehensive School Reform and Student Achievement: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borman, Geoffrey D.; Hewes, Gina M.; Overman, Laura T.; Brown, Shelly

    Using 232 studies, this meta analysis reviewed the research on the achievement effects of the nationally disseminated and externally developed school improvement programs known as "whole-school" or "comprehensive" reforms. In addition to reviewing the overall achievement effects of comprehensive school reform (CSR), the meta analysis considered…

  1. School Finance and Courts: Does Reform Matter, and How Can We Tell?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Bruce D.; Welner, Kevin G.

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: School finance litigation has often prompted funding reforms, but what happens as a result is the subject of considerable dispute. Purpose: This article explores design problems encountered in studies examining the nature and effects of those reforms. Analysis: After describing the development and current status of school…

  2. School Finance and Courts: Does Reform Matter, and How Can We Tell?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Bruce D.; Welner, Kevin G.

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: School finance litigation has often prompted funding reforms, but what happens as a result is the subject of considerable dispute. Purpose: This article explores design problems encountered in studies examining the nature and effects of those reforms. Analysis: After describing the development and current status of school…

  3. Educating teachers in Switzerland – reform and current situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Wiśniewska-Paź

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Educating teachers in the scope of higher (non-academic education sector has been a relatively new phenomenon in Switzerland. Until the end of the 90's, when Higher Pedagogical Schools were established, teachers had been educated at teaching seminars.Establishment of Higher Pedagogical Schools gave rise to a thorough reform in educating teachers in Switzerland, which aimed at improving the quality of work and professionalism of the teachers through science-oriented education (similar to the university education, and at establishing international and all-Swiss system of acknowledging diplomas received in particular canton institutions of higher education. This system makes it possible for the graduates to commence work at schools/ kindergarten departments not only in a canton of their choice, but also in a country chosen by them. At present, 12 000 students study in higher pedagogical schools, which constitutes 7% of all students in both (academic and non-academic sectors of higher education. This article describes current situation of this type of universities in Switzerland, their location, specializations, availability issues, duration of the studies and also the number of students (including percentage of foreigners, as well as the issues of prestige of the profession of a teacher, average age of the personnel in relation to education levels, degree of feminization of the profession and the demands.

  4. The Urban School Reform Opera: The Obstructions to Transforming School Counseling Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Militello, Matthew; Janson, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, there have been numerous calls to reform the practices of school counselors. Some have situated these calls for school counseling reform within the context of urban schooling. This study examined the practices of school counselors in one urban school district, and how those practices aligned with the school district's…

  5. The Urban School Reform Opera: The Obstructions to Transforming School Counseling Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Militello, Matthew; Janson, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, there have been numerous calls to reform the practices of school counselors. Some have situated these calls for school counseling reform within the context of urban schooling. This study examined the practices of school counselors in one urban school district, and how those practices aligned with the school district's…

  6. Neoliberalism and Corporate School Reform: "Failure" and "Creative Destruction"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltman, Kenneth J.

    2014-01-01

    In the United States, corporate school reform or neoliberal educational restructuring has overtaken educational policy, practice, curriculum, and nearly all aspects of educational reform. Although this movement began on the political right, the corporate school model has been heralded across the political spectrum and is aggressively embraced now…

  7. From Agents to Objects: The Lived Experience of School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laguardia, Armando; Brink, Beverly; Wheeler, Mary; Grisham, Dana; Peck, Cap

    2002-01-01

    Draws on case studies to analyze three elementary school teachers' subjective experience of standards-based school reform in Washington, focusing on their perception of changes in support for teacher professional development. Finds that despite a policy shift from initially supporting teachers' involvement in reform to policies leaving teachers…

  8. Education Reforms in Nomadic Boarding Schools in Tibet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶西

    2012-01-01

      Education improvement in nomadic areas is more challenging. Almost all the schools in Tibet are boarding schools that require better management strategies. Through experience, some reforms must be taken in the boarding schools. Well-developed school strategy plan including confirmation with headmaster role and better teaching methodology are keen.

  9. School Principals as Mediating Agents in Education Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaked, Haim; Schechter, Chen

    2017-01-01

    School principals may be seen as mediating agents, standing at the school doorstep, between the extra-school and intra-school worlds. The principals' mediating role becomes more crucial during a time of education reform, which involves external demands on the one hand, and teachers' resistance to these demands on the other. This study explores how…

  10. On the Four Questions Needed to Be Clarified in the Reformation of Entrance Examination for Senior High Schools in China Currently%当前我国中考改革亟须厘清的四个问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳建军; 刘磊

    2012-01-01

    Many places have carried out reforms about the entrance examination for senior high schools in China currently,and people have different views about this.This paper thinks we should clarify four focus questions which closely interconnected with reformation before research reformation of the examination: test or not test,what to test,how to test and how to recruit students.The reformation of the examination will obtain good results only if the four questions are clarified.First,the evaluation and filtering capabilities of graduation and entering a higher school determine that the examination not be canceled at this stage in junior high schools.Secondly,the setting of examination subjects must be able to promote the development of students' overall quality,and the degree of difficulty about examination content must be reasonable.Thirdly,it's not suitable for using the model of the open-book examination,the comprehensive examination of arts and the comprehensive examination of science in elementary and junior high schools in order to prevent the early formation of the concept about dividing of art and science which affects the comprehensiveness of the basic knowledge.Finally,no matter what method of recruiting we choose,we should pay attention to the fairness.%当前我国许多地方都在进行中考改革,人们对于这些改革的意见不一,评价也不一。要研究中考改革,必须厘清下面四个与改革密切相关的焦点问题:考不考?考什么?怎样考?怎样招?只有厘清了这四个问题,中考改革才能取得实效。首先,初中阶段的毕业和升学所需要的评价与筛选功能决定了现阶段中考不能取消;其次,考试科目的设置一定要能够促进学生全面素质的发展,考试内容的难易度设计一定要合理;再次,在中小学阶段不适合采用开卷考试以及文科综合和理科综合的考试方式,以防止过早地形成文理分科现象,从而影响学生基础知识的全

  11. Connecting the Dots: Progress toward the Integration of School Reform, School-Linked Services, Parent Involvement and Community Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Hal; Briar-Lawson, Katharine

    This report describes the outcomes of research that investigated school reform, school-linked services, parent involvement, and community school programs in schools in 36 states. Results found that services were often added on to school sites without any intent to integrate them with school reform; teachers were not directly involved in services;…

  12. The New York City School Reform: Consequences for Supervision of Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shulman, Vivian; Sullivan, Susan; Glanz, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on the status of instructional supervision within the current New York City school reform movement. Reports from interviews with New York City public school teachers demonstrate the prevalence of directive, checklist and narrative approaches to supervision, raising serious questions for the future of instructional supervision.…

  13. Modernism in School Reform: Promoting Private over Public Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordgren, R. D.

    2016-01-01

    School reform in the past several decades has taken a "modernist" bent in that it has focused on quantitatively based accountability systems modeled after business (Ravitch, 2013; Tienken & Orlich, 2013). The author uses a model devised by a Finnish scholar to demonstrate that 1) these reforms are indeed modernist, and 2) the private…

  14. Making Comprehensive School Reform Work. Urban Diversity Series, No. 112.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desimone, Laura

    Comprehensive school reform (CSR) has the potential to help overcome inequities in education, to provide a vehicle for a combination of state and local control, and to allow reform to permeate the classroom. It is instructive and timely to survey the research on CSR models to determine how well the programs are performing. This monograph does not…

  15. Radical Social Democracy and School Reform in Wilhelmian Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, James M.

    1977-01-01

    The article describes how the German Social Democratic Party promoted educational reform in Germany before World War I. It demanded state support for a secularized school program, suggested curricular reforms to instill socialist values, and promoted adult education and socialist training in the home. (AV)

  16. Statistical Reform in School Psychology Research: A Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaminathan, Hariharan; Rogers, H. Jane

    2007-01-01

    Statistical reform in school psychology research is discussed in terms of research designs, measurement issues, statistical modeling and analysis procedures, interpretation and reporting of statistical results, and finally statistics education.

  17. Statistical Reform in School Psychology Research: A Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaminathan, Hariharan; Rogers, H. Jane

    2007-01-01

    Statistical reform in school psychology research is discussed in terms of research designs, measurement issues, statistical modeling and analysis procedures, interpretation and reporting of statistical results, and finally statistics education.

  18. School Reforms, Principal Leadership, and Teacher Resistance: Evidence from Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Joo-Ho; Jeong, Dong Wook

    2013-01-01

    Many countries design and implement school change with a focus on the fundamental reconfiguration in the structures of schooling. In this article, we examined the relationship between principal leadership and teacher resistance to school reforms driven by external interveners. For an empirical analysis, we took advantage of extensive data derived…

  19. Student Achievement Outcomes Comprehensive School Reform: A Canadian Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, John A.; Scott, Garth; Sibbald, Timothy M.

    2012-01-01

    The authors conducted a third-party study of the student achievement effects of Struggling Schools, a user-generated approach to Comprehensive School Reform (CSR). The design was a quasiexperimental, pre-post matched sample (N = 180) with school as unit of analysis, drawing on 3 years of achievement data from standardized external assessments.…

  20. School Reform in Chicago: A Study of Structures and Symbols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefkovich, Jacqueline A.; Guba, Gloria J.

    1995-01-01

    The structures and symbols of the Chicago (Illinois) school reform movement were explored through a case study in one Chicago elementary school. Changes were built on a framework of organizational symbols and metaphors of the building as a home, the school as a family, and the principal as leader. (SLD)

  1. School Reforms, Principal Leadership, and Teacher Resistance: Evidence from Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Joo-Ho; Jeong, Dong Wook

    2013-01-01

    Many countries design and implement school change with a focus on the fundamental reconfiguration in the structures of schooling. In this article, we examined the relationship between principal leadership and teacher resistance to school reforms driven by external interveners. For an empirical analysis, we took advantage of extensive data derived…

  2. Democratic School Leadership Reforms in Kenya: Cultural and Historical Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jwan, Julius; Anderson, Lesley; Bennett, Nigel

    2010-01-01

    In this article we discuss students', teachers' and school principals' perceptions of democratic school leadership reforms in Kenya. The article is based on a study that was conducted in two phases. In phase one (conducted between September and December 2007), interviews were undertaken with 12 school principals in which understandings of…

  3. Examining Comprehensive School Reform in Schools Serving Native American Communities: Plan and Progress Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilera, Dorothy

    The federally supported Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) Program provides a minimum of $50,000 to local schools to engage in a comprehensive change process facilitated by the development and adoption of a comprehensive school reform plan, including technical assistance from an external model developer. This report summarizes the…

  4. Effect of current-voltage characteristics on plasma reforming

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, N. [Univ. of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of). Environmental System Engineering; Korea Inst. of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of). Environmental System Research Division; Hur, M.; Kim, K.T.; Kim, S.J.; Song, Y.H. [Korea Inst. of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of). Environmental System Research Division

    2010-07-01

    Studies have shown that the energy costs associated with plasma fuel reforming can vary depending on the type of plasma generation technique. The reasons for the different energy costs, however, are not yet clear, since different types of plasma reactor lead to not only different plasma conditions but also lead to different reaction conditions that is not relevant to plasma, such as gas residence time, heat and mass flow conditions. This paper presented the results of a parametric study on methane partial oxidation which was conducted to determine the optimal operating conditions and geometrical design of an arc jet plasma fuel reformer. The arc reactor used in this study was designed to control various operating parameters such as arc length, gas residence time, and gas mixing. Two different types of power supply were tested, notably one that produced high voltage with low current, and one that produced relatively low voltage and high current. The effects of these different voltage-current characteristics on gas reforming process were analyzed based on methane conversion rates, selectivity of products, and thermal efficiencies. The study showed that the input power but not the voltage plays an important role in the present partial oxidation process. The gas residence time was also found to be an important factor in controlling the reformer process. 10 refs., 8 figs.

  5. Comprehensive School Reform: A Multi-Site Replicated Experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterbinsky, Allan; Ross, Steven; Redfield, Doris

    For schools to spend Title I funds on comprehensive school reform (CSR) programs under the No Child Left Behind Act, there must be empirical evidence of significant improvement in the academic achievement of CSR students. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of convincing evidence that CSR programs have a positive impact on student achievement. Over a…

  6. Economic Change, Educational Needs, and Secondary School Reform in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willmann, Bodo

    1977-01-01

    Examines educational trends and economic change in Swedish secondary schools since 1960. Topics discussed include job structure, labor needs, labor organizations, curriculum reform, objectives of the nine-year basic school, aptitude and achievement, vocational versus academic courses, and instructional innovation. (Author/DB)

  7. The Reallocation of Funds under the Chicago School Reform Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, G. Alfred, Jr.

    As a result of state legislators' conviction that Chapter 1 fund mismanagement by the Chicago Public Schools had led to yearly increases in administration size to the detriment of students' real needs, the Chicago School Reform Act of 1988 placed a cap on noninstructional expenses and a progressive cessation on state aid to the poverty impaction…

  8. The Hard Truth: Problems and Issues in Urban School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yisrael, Sean

    2012-01-01

    "The Hard Truth" is a book written for principals and school administrators who want to implement effective change. The topics of the book candidly discuss the problems, people, and issues that get in the way of true school reform; and what building level principals can personally do attain the best possible outcomes.

  9. The Hard Truth: Problems and Issues in Urban School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yisrael, Sean

    2012-01-01

    "The Hard Truth" is a book written for principals and school administrators who want to implement effective change. The topics of the book candidly discuss the problems, people, and issues that get in the way of true school reform; and what building level principals can personally do attain the best possible outcomes.

  10. New York City's Children First: Lessons in School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelleher, Maureen

    2014-01-01

    Under Mayor Michael Bloomberg, New York City's education system embarked on a massive change effort, known as Children First, that produced significant results: new and better school options for families, more college-ready graduates, and renewed public confidence in New York City's schools. New York City's reform effort has also produced…

  11. Social Policy Reforms and Daughters' Schooling in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belanger, Daniele; Liu, Jianye

    2004-01-01

    Vietnam's social policy reforms in the transition to a market economy included the introduction of fees for primary and secondary school in the late 1980s. Using data from the Viet Nam Living Standards Surveys, this paper examines how the increasing costs of education to households have impacted on school enrollment between 1993 and 1998, giving…

  12. Beyond the Three R's: A Broader Agenda for School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battistich, Victor; Watson, Marilyn; Solomon, Daniel; Lewis, Catherine; Schaps, Eric

    1999-01-01

    Discusses three classes of nonacademic outcomes to foster in students: (1) social, ethical, and civic dispositions; (2) attitudes toward school and learning motivation; and (3) metacognitive skills. Provides guidance about how to accomplish these goals. Suggests that this broader school reform agenda will promote dispositions needed to sustain a…

  13. The Business Agenda for School Reform: A Parallel Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelberg, Denise

    2007-01-01

    Criticism of the public schools has been unrelenting since "A Nation at Risk" was published in 1983. From that pivotal moment to the present the business community has played a crucial role in setting the parameters of the critique of the schools and shaping the reform agendas that have been proposed and implemented. However, this author has found…

  14. "Turnaround" as Shock Therapy: Race, Neoliberalism, and School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Amanda Walker

    2013-01-01

    "Turnaround" strategies of educational reform promise that school closure, reconstitution, privatizing, and reopening them will bring miraculous results. Questioning the implications, this article situates "turnaround" strategies locally, following the closure of a predominantly minority high school in 2008, in Austin, Texas. The neoliberal…

  15. Expectations of the Educational Reform of High School Geography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladeva Rositsa

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The study is an attempt to present the latest developments in legislation for implementation of the reform in geographic education in secondary school. Through conducted survey has been taken into account the views and expectations of teachers of Geography and Economics in terms of the new law, a framework curriculum, State educational standards and curricula. Expectations of educational reform are formulated as positive and negative sides. Referred to a recommendation for overcoming some of the problems were identified.

  16. Expectations of the Educational Reform of High School Geography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vladeva, Rositsa

    2017-03-01

    The study is an attempt to present the latest developments in legislation for implementation of the reform in geographic education in secondary school. Through conducted survey has been taken into account the views and expectations of teachers of Geography and Economics in terms of the new law, a framework curriculum, State educational standards and curricula. Expectations of educational reform are formulated as positive and negative sides. Referred to a recommendation for overcoming some of the problems were identified.

  17. The reform of the continuation schools in Munich and the establishment of the dual system in vocational education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilić-Rajković Aleksandra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The reform of vocational education in Serbia is focused on the introduction of the so called dual system. The current form of this system originates from the reforms of the continuation schools in Germany near the end of the nineteenth century. The paper presents the reform of these schools led by Georg Kerschensteiner, one of the founders of the dual system. The first part of the article is devoted to a wider economic and social context in Germany at the end of the nineteenth century and the problem of the working - class young people, which led to the educational reform. The central part of the paper considers the reform of the continuation schools in Munich from the theoretical aspect and the aspect of the realization. The main goal of education in continuation schools, according to Kerschensteiner's pedagogic concept is the development of moral character of students, future citizens. The goal was to be achieved through three tasks in the domain of education: individual, social and civic education. The realization of the reform was analyzed from the perspective of the organization of teaching, and the roles of the participants: students, teachers, employers and municipalities. The end of the paper gives an account of the effects of the reform and public discussions initiated on that occasion. The conclusion stresses the importance of studying the Munich's reform and Kerschensteiner's pedagogic concept especially in those countries where the reform of vocational education is planned.

  18. Global Competitives: Economic Imperatives for School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negroni, Peter J.

    This paper describes the need for systemic educational reform in view of the gap between students who are adequately prepared for tomorrow's jobs and the needs of business/industry. Rapid changes in the workplace--fueled by technological advances, altered family structures, expectations of varied and higher performance skills, and an increase of…

  19. Educational Management Organizations as High Reliability Organizations: A Study of Victory's Philadelphia High School Reform Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, David E.

    2013-01-01

    This executive position paper proposes recommendations for designing reform models between public and private sectors dedicated to improving school reform work in low performing urban high schools. It reviews scholarly research about for-profit educational management organizations, high reliability organizations, American high school reform, and…

  20. Educational Management Organizations as High Reliability Organizations: A Study of Victory's Philadelphia High School Reform Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, David E.

    2013-01-01

    This executive position paper proposes recommendations for designing reform models between public and private sectors dedicated to improving school reform work in low performing urban high schools. It reviews scholarly research about for-profit educational management organizations, high reliability organizations, American high school reform, and…

  1. Exploring Computer Science: A Case Study of School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goode, Joanna; Margolis, Jane

    2011-01-01

    This article will detail efforts to broaden participation in computing in urban schools through a comprehensive reform effort of curricular development, teacher professional development, and policy changes. Beginning with an account of the curricular development of "Exploring Computer Science", we will describe the inquiry-based research…

  2. Exploring Computer Science: A Case Study of School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goode, Joanna; Margolis, Jane

    2011-01-01

    This article will detail efforts to broaden participation in computing in urban schools through a comprehensive reform effort of curricular development, teacher professional development, and policy changes. Beginning with an account of the curricular development of "Exploring Computer Science", we will describe the inquiry-based research that…

  3. Education, Eco-Progressivism and the Nature of School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Jay

    2007-01-01

    This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called "eco-progressivism." The intersections between ecology and education can…

  4. Teacher Resistance against School Reform: Reflecting an Inconvenient Truth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terhart, Ewald

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the contexts, forms and consequences of teacher resistance against school reforms based on quality assurance policies are discussed. The problems are demonstrated by recurring on research devoted to the acceptance and/or resistance of (German) teachers against standards-based accountability policies. These results demonstrate that…

  5. Exploring Computer Science: A Case Study of School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goode, Joanna; Margolis, Jane

    2011-01-01

    This article will detail efforts to broaden participation in computing in urban schools through a comprehensive reform effort of curricular development, teacher professional development, and policy changes. Beginning with an account of the curricular development of "Exploring Computer Science", we will describe the inquiry-based research…

  6. Education, Eco-Progressivism and the Nature of School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Jay

    2007-01-01

    This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called "eco-progressivism." The intersections between ecology and education can…

  7. Team-Based Professional Development: A Process for School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witmer, Judith T.; Melnick, Steven A.

    2006-01-01

    In this book, the authors provide an overview of adult learning and its impact on professional development. The chapters provide a theoretical foundation along with practical advice on implementing team-based professional development among educators within school districts which will lead to true systemic reform. The following seven chapters are…

  8. The Politics of Rural School Reform: Escuela Nueva in Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEwan, Patrick J.; Benveniste, Luis

    2001-01-01

    Traces evolution of rural-school education plan in Colombia (Escuela Nueva), focusing on importance of Colombia's changing political and social climate in policy development. Identifies three phases of reform development and implementation: grassroots, formalized, and decoupled. Uses Escuela Nueva to demonstrate importance of recognizing dynamic,…

  9. School Finance Reform: Assessing General Equilibrium Effects. NBER Working Paper No. 13524

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epple, Dennis N.; Ferreyra, Maria Marta

    2007-01-01

    In 1994 the state of Michigan implemented one of the most comprehensive school finance reforms undertaken to date in any of the states. Understanding the effects of the reform is thus of value in informing other potential reform initiatives. In addition, the reform and associated changes in the economic environment provide an opportunity to assess…

  10. Marketing Small Schools in New York City: A Critique of Neoliberal School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiller, Jessica

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this article is to critically examine a school reform effort that has taken hold in New York City over the past seven years. A largely privately funded venture, the New Century Schools Initiative (NCSI), opened hundreds of new small high schools in poor urban communities in New York City starting in 2002. The theory behind opening…

  11. Opening Up the Black Box: Literacy Instruction in Schools Participating in Three Comprehensive School Reform Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correnti, Richard; Rowan, Brian

    2007-01-01

    This study examines patterns of literacy instruction in schools adopting three of America's most widely disseminated comprehensive school reform (CSR) programs (the Accelerated Schools Project, America's Choice, and Success for All). Contrary to the view that educational innovations seldom affect teaching practices, the study found large…

  12. Organizational Strategies for Promoting Instructional Change: Implementation Dynamics in Schools Working with Comprehensive School Reform Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowan, Brian; Miller, Robert J.

    2007-01-01

    This article develops a conceptual framework for studying how three comprehensive school reform (CSR) programs organized schools for instructional change and how the distinctive strategies they pursued affected implementation outcomes. The conceptual model views the Accelerated Schools Project as using a system of cultural control to produce…

  13. Moving toward equitable, systemic science education reform: The synergy among science education and school-level reforms in an urban middle school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Mary Kathryn

    The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective, urban middle school in a large district that participated in several reform efforts. These reforms include both efforts focused on school-level change and efforts focused on change in science teaching and learning. Its program incorporates aspects of several school-level reforms---from the underlying Paideia philosophy, to structural characteristics of middle schools, to site-based decision-making, to its status as a magnet school, to its participation as a professional development school. Further, the participation of all science teachers in the intensive, standards-based professional development offered by Ohio's systemic reform of mathematics and science created a critical mass of reform-oriented teachers who supported one another as they incorporated reform-based practices into their teaching. The interplay of the reform efforts has manifested in a high level of science achievement in comparison to the school's district. Addressing the third component of O'Day and Smith's model for systemic reform, the need for school-level change to enable implementation of curriculum frameworks and aligned policies, this study illustrates two important points. First, the high-quality teacher professional development increased teachers' capacity to change their practices by enhancing their knowledge of and skills in implementing standards-based teaching practices. Second, because of the synchrony among the school-level reforms and between the school-level and science education reforms, the context of Webster provided a supportive environment in which lasting changes in science teaching

  14. Does Small High School Reform Lift Urban Districts? Evidence from New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Wiswall, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Research finds that small high schools deliver better outcomes than large high schools for urban students. An important outstanding question is whether this better performance is gained at the expense of losses elsewhere: Does small school reform lift the whole district? We explore New York City's small high school reform in which hundreds of new…

  15. Irrational Exuberance for Market-Based Reform: How Federal Turnaround Policies Thwart Democratic Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Tina; Renée, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    Background: In 2009, the Obama Administration announced its intention to rapidly "turn around" 5,000 of the nation's lowest-performing schools. To do so, it relied on the School Improvement Grant (SIG) program to provide temporary funding for states and schools, and to mandate drastic, school-level reforms. Most of these reforms require…

  16. A Technocratic Vision: The Ideology of School Science Reform in Britain in the 1950s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCulloch, Gary

    1988-01-01

    Explains a technocratic ideology--providing the future leaders of society--as main theme of school science reform. Describes the historical frameworks of interpretation. Discusses the growth and failure of the reform. (YP)

  17. Inequality and School Reform in Bahia, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiter, Bernd

    2009-01-01

    This article compares public and community schools in Salvador, the state capital of Bahia, Brazil. Based on quantitative data analysis and qualitative research conducted on-site during three research trips in 2001, 2003 and 2005, the author finds that Brazil's extreme inequality and the associated concentration of state power in a few hands stand…

  18. Introduction to the Current Situation of Technical Secondary School Physical Education and Reform Strategy%浅谈中专体育教育的现状和改革策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李辉

    2014-01-01

    一个好的体魄是一切活动的基础,因此学生的身体素质也是值得提高的,学校在强调让学生注重学习的同时还应该注意培养学生有一个健康的身体,需要让学生加强锻炼。通过分析中专院校体育教育的现状,找出体育教育难以发展的症结所在,提出改革策略,使学生在学习的同时还要注意锻炼身体,有一个健康的身体。%A good body is the foundation of all activities, so also is worth to improve the students’ physical quality, the school let students pay attention to the emphasis on learning at the same time also should pay attention to cultivate the students have a healthy body, the need to let the students to exercise more. In this paper, by analyzing the present situation of technical secondary school, colleges and universities sports education, the crux of the development of sports education is difficult to find, and put forward reform strategies, to make the students to learn at the same time also pay attention to exercise, a healthy body.

  19. Student Views of Teacher Actions in Science Classrooms Designed to Meet Current Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Stuart O.; Akcay, Hakan; Dogan, Ozgur Kivilcan; Yager, Robert E.

    2013-01-01

    Science/Technology/Society (STS) as a reform effort has been active in Iowa for three decades. A program called Iowa Chautauqua has evolved over the four decades to promote K-12 STS teaching in Iowa's 300 school districts. This is a study of how teachers have become Teacher Leaders of the reforms and lead other teachers who enroll as new teachers…

  20. Education and health knowledge: evidence from UK compulsory schooling reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, David W; Lordan, Grace; Shields, Michael A; Suziedelyte, Agne

    2015-02-01

    We investigate if there is a causal link between education and health knowledge using data from the 1984/85 and 1991/92 waves of the UK Health and Lifestyle Survey (HALS). Uniquely, the survey asks respondents what they think are the main causes of ten common health conditions, and we compare these answers to those given by medical professionals to form an index of health knowledge. For causal identification we use increases in the UK minimum school leaving age in 1947 (from 14 to 15) and 1972 (from 15 to 16) to provide exogenous variation in education. These reforms predominantly induced adolescents who would have left school to stay for one additionally mandated year. OLS estimates suggest that education significantly increases health knowledge, with a one-year increase in schooling increasing the health knowledge index by 15% of a standard deviation. In contrast, estimates from instrumental-variable models show that increased schooling due to the education reforms did not significantly affect health knowledge. This main result is robust to numerous specification tests and alternative formulations of the health knowledge index. Further research is required to determine whether there is also no causal link between higher levels of education - such as post-school qualifications - and health knowledge.

  1. Putting School Reform in Its Place: Social Geography, Organizational Social Capital, and School Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holme, Jennifer Jellison; Rangel, Virginia Snodgrass

    2012-01-01

    For decades, policymakers and researchers have struggled to understand the reasons that schools in disadvantaged contexts have relatively more trouble responding successfully to reform demands. This analysis extends theory regarding the challenges of school change in disadvantaged contexts by illustrating how the internal resources that schools…

  2. Charter Schools: An Experiment in School Reform. ASPIRA Issue Brief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittmar, Belinda Corazon; And Others

    Charter schools incorporate the focus of magnet schools but often go beyond their academic specialization to more social goals. They can operate at both elementary and secondary levels, although they are always quite small. The greatest difference, however, between charter schools and other public schools is their status as a bridge between public…

  3. Charter Schools: An Experiment in School Reform. ASPIRA Issue Brief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittmar, Belinda Corazon; And Others

    Charter schools incorporate the focus of magnet schools but often go beyond their academic specialization to more social goals. They can operate at both elementary and secondary levels, although they are always quite small. The greatest difference, however, between charter schools and other public schools is their status as a bridge between public…

  4. Centralization and decentralization reform in school education in Nepal: Tracing the swing of the pendulum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peshal Khanal

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article revisits the school policies in Nepal focusing on the dynamics of centralization and decentralization of school management. It is argued that the policies in a large part of the country’s history remained under the strong influence of national politics and domestic agendas, but after 1990, the government’s commitment to the global campaign of universal primary education and its overreliance on the donor-driven agenda have combined to exert an ‘external’ influence on the school policy. The rise and fall of a democratic polity in different historical periods led to a swing in school policy from centralization to decentralization. This article concludes that the current school decentralization reform has been a result of confluence of three forces – historical, democratic and international. As the country now is embarking on a large-scale political reform – a federal constitution and many ethnic and political groups are lobbying for their own agendas of power sharing, the school decentralization policy is likely to be further affected by the outcomes of this macro-political process. Based on the reflection of centralization and decentralization of school management at various historical times, this article suggests for a bottom-up process in the making of public policy.

  5. High School Diversification against Educational Equality: A Critical Analysis of Neoliberal Education Reform in South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jeongran

    2011-01-01

    Recent reforms of high school education in Korea have focused on transforming the uniform and standardized system into a deregulated and diversified system that has an emphasis on school choice and competition. Situating the high school diversification policy in the context of the recent controversy of the neoliberal educational reform, this study…

  6. Leading Inclusive Reform for Students with Disabilities: A School- and Systemwide Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theoharis, George; Causton, Julie

    2014-01-01

    It is of great importance to maximize access to general education for all students with disabilities. This article focuses on how leaders create inclusive schools for all students--inclusive school reform. Inclusive school reform can result in all students with disabilities being placed into general education settings (including students with…

  7. Organizational Behavior in Education: Instructional Leadership and School Reform. Seventh Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Robert G.

    This book concentrates on the connection between organizational behavior and the clamor for school reform, whether market-based, standards-based, or whole-school reform. It explains the great need for school leaders to develop a theory and practice that draws on what is known about organizational behavior in education. Educational leaders need a…

  8. The Search for Progress Elementary Student Achievement and the Bay Area School Reform Collaborative's Focal Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Kristin E.; Snipes, Jason C.; Eisberg, Jean

    2006-01-01

    A number of forces have increased the momentum for school districts to develop district-wide reform strategies as a means of initiating and sustaining school improvement. First, districts have sometimes found it easier to manage and support a single districtwide initiative rather than many different school reform models. Second, they have come to…

  9. Happy Marriage or Uneasy Alliance? The Relationship between Comprehensive School Reform and State Accountability Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datnow, Amanda

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine how the relationship between comprehensive school reform (CSR) and state accountability systems helps or hinders school improvement efforts. This article draws on case study data collected in schools in 3 states that received funding to implement reforms through the federal CSR program. Findings show that…

  10. High School Diversification against Educational Equality: A Critical Analysis of Neoliberal Education Reform in South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jeongran

    2011-01-01

    Recent reforms of high school education in Korea have focused on transforming the uniform and standardized system into a deregulated and diversified system that has an emphasis on school choice and competition. Situating the high school diversification policy in the context of the recent controversy of the neoliberal educational reform, this study…

  11. Under the new situation and the current situation of our English education and reform development prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Ruan

    2015-01-01

    Since the reform and opening up, China has achieved a certain degree of English education development. However, with the global trend of strengthening economic integration in the new era background, English education is gradually showing some difficult problems. Therefore, strengthening English education reform has become a hot topic of concern. The author based on the status quo of China' s English education, focusing on analysis of the content of the current English education reform.

  12. The Quasi-Human Child: How Normative Conceptions of Childhood Enabled Neoliberal School Reform in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonu, Debbie; Benson, Jeremy

    2016-01-01

    This paper argues that normative conceptions of the child, as a natural quasi-human being in need of guidance, enable current school reforms in the United States to directly link the child to neoliberal aims and objectives. In using Foucault's concept of governmentality and disciplinary power, we first present how the child is constructed as a…

  13. Boarding Schools and Capital Benefits: Implications for Urban School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bass, Lisa R.

    2014-01-01

    The author discusses the boarding school model as a schooling alternative to improve life chances for disadvantaged youth, particularly African American youth, by positively meeting their social and educational needs. Bourdieu, Coleman, and other social scientists purported that these needs can be better met by exposing students to social and…

  14. High School Teachers and High School Reform: A Phenomenological Study of the Influence of Teachers' High School Experience regarding Their High School Teaching Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustine, Dwaine Keith

    2009-01-01

    This study explored the effects of the lived high school experiences of high school teachers and how those experiences may inform researchers regarding high school reform. One aim was to investigate how teachers' experiences during high school influenced their thoughts or behaviors toward high school as a rite of passage, epiphany, or critical…

  15. The Influence of News Framing on Support for Charter School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feuerstein, Abe

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the influence of media framing on attitudes toward charter school reform. Participants in an Internet-based experiment were presented, at random, with one of three manipulated news articles framing charter school reform as (a) supportive of values such as freedom, choice, and innovation; (b) conflicting with values such as…

  16. Positivism and Post-World War I Elementary School Reform in Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milewski, Patrice

    2012-01-01

    Following the end of World War I, the Ontario Department of Education initiated a series of reforms aimed at both elementary and secondary schooling. This article examines the reforms that were made to elementary school curriculum and pedagogy. These were initiated within the context of a call for a general reconstruction of education and society…

  17. The Court versus Consent Decrees? Schools, "Horne v. Flores" and Judicial Strategies of Institutional Reform Litigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chilton, Bradley; Chwialkowski, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Is the U.S. Supreme Court inviting litigants to take aim at unraveling injunctions in institutional reform litigation--especially consent decrees in the schools? In "Horne v. Flores" (2009), the court remanded a 17-year-old school reform case to a federal judge with orders to look beyond consent decrees on financing, reducing class…

  18. Legitimating Leadership in Southern Thai Schools: Considering Local Responses to Neoliberal Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxcy, Brendan; Sungtong, Ekkarin; Nguyen, Thu Suong Thi

    2010-01-01

    Mounting religious-ethnic tensions and broad-scale reform have precipitated reconsideration of the mission, traditions, operations and institutional positions of government schools in southern Thailand. The authors report on a study of a dozen schools located in four border provinces adapting to national reforms and regional unrest. The authors…

  19. How Do School Leaders Navigate ICT Educational Reform? Policy Learning Narratives from a Singapore Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chua Reyes, Vicente

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research inquiry focuses on how school leaders "make sense" of educational reform in their local contexts. In order to do this, an exploratory qualitative case study of two schools that took part in policy reform initiatives directed at ubiquitous use of information communication and technology (ICT) in the Singapore…

  20. Charting Chicago School Reform: Democratic Localism as a Lever for Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryk, Anthony S.; Sebring, Penny Bender; Kerbow, David; Rollow, Sharon; Easton, John Q.

    In 1989, Chicago (Illinois) Public Schools began an experiment with the radical decentralization of power and authority. This book tells the story of what happened in Chicago's elementary schools in the first four years of this reform. Implicit in the reform was the theory that expanded local democratic participation would stimulate organizational…

  1. The Need for District Support for School Reform: What the Researchers Say. Research Brief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appelbaum, Deborah

    This article focuses on the school district's role in implementing Comprehensive School Reform (CSR). Research shows that effective district support for CSR varies from district to district. This is due, in part, to the fact that many prior models bypassed the district, operating under the belief that reform would be more effective if it targeted…

  2. The Impact of School Desegregation as an Urban Moral Reform Crusade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monti, Daniel J.

    1982-01-01

    Vigorous and dramatic attempts to reform city life and people have been with us for almost two centuries. In retrospect, the school desegregation movement appears to have been an extension of the tradition of moral reform crusades which began after 1800. Desegregation of the public schools was seen as the best hope for reconstituting public…

  3. Effects of Comprehensive School Reform in 12 Schools: Results of a Three-Year Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdzkom, David

    This policy brief reviews the evolution of comprehensive school reform (CSR) and the development of CSR models, describes the AEL-CREP (Center for Research in Educational Policy) research project and its findings, and discusses policy implications. Over the past 2 decades, CSR has evolved from theory to pilot project to mandate to widespread…

  4. Current State and Problems of Higher Education Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salnikov, N.; Burukhin, S.

    2009-01-01

    Higher education in Russia is experiencing changes in curriculum and in the specialization and function of institutions in the search for a better model for a post-Soviet society. The early 1990s saw the start of the reform of the system of education in Russia. However, problems of quality and of continuity with secondary education have still not…

  5. STEM: A Focus for Current Science Education Reforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Yager

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The definition of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics reforms remains unclear. STEM is not like a scientific term where scientists choose to replace a series of complex observations with a new word. Even with more and more money being spent to support STEM reforms in all K-12 classrooms, we continue to not have accurate ideas of what STEM efforts are and/or what they could/should accomplish. Some STEM changes have been proposed and considered for use in several statewide efforts across the United States. But, to what end? Will major funding improve the personal “doing” of science for all students and at all grade levels?

  6. Organizational Change and School Reform: School Psychology at a Professional Crossroad: Introduction to the Mini-Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knoff, Howard M.; Curtis, Michael J.

    1996-01-01

    While school psychologists debate issues such as the importance of alternative service delivery versus traditional assessment, and doctoral versus nondoctoral entry criteria for the profession, the crucial question remains of where school psychologists fit into school reform. The assumption of this mini series is that school psychologists are not…

  7. What Makes Reform Work?--School-Based Conditions as Predictors of Teachers' Changing Practice after a National Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramberg, Magnus R.

    2014-01-01

    Educational change initiatives, whether they involve the implementation of new policies or curriculum reforms, often fail to reach the level of teachers' classroom practices. In the search for explanations, numerous studies have either characterized teachers as resistant to change or focused on how schools' workplace conditions have failed to…

  8. Unpacking Resistance to Change within-School Reform Programmes with a Social Justice Orientation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynds, Anne

    2010-01-01

    Previous research in the area of resistance has inadequately described opposition to change within-school reform initiatives with a social justice orientation. A lack of attention to, and agreement on, the nature and causes of resistance may explain why so many equity-minded educational reforms fail to be sustained. This article highlights various…

  9. School Reforms in England, Japan, Korea and the U.S.: Policy Variation and Educational Convergence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jaekyung

    Education reform during the last 2 decades has been shaped by the forces of growing public distrust of educational bureaucracies in a climate of rapid political change and growing international competition in the context of a global economy. Major school reforms in four selected industrial countries that differ significantly in terms of…

  10. Negotiating Tensions: Grassroots Organizing, School Reform, and the Paradox of Neoliberal Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nygreen, Kysa

    2017-01-01

    Drawing from ethnographic fieldwork at a community-based organization (CBO) engaged in parent organizing for urban school reform, this paper examines how organizers engaged with the imperatives of neoliberal reform and the broader neoliberal policy context. It highlights organizers' agency but also shows how hegemonic discourse constrained their…

  11. What Do We Know about School Discipline Reform? Assessing the Alternatives to Suspensions and Expulsions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Matthew P.; Lacoe, Johanna

    2017-01-01

    What evidence supports the call for discipline reform? How might alternative strategies affect students and schools? In this article, the authors describe the critiques of exclusionary discipline and then examine the research base on which discipline policy reform rests. They also describe the alternative approaches that are gaining traction in…

  12. Negotiating Tensions: Grassroots Organizing, School Reform, and the Paradox of Neoliberal Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nygreen, Kysa

    2017-01-01

    Drawing from ethnographic fieldwork at a community-based organization (CBO) engaged in parent organizing for urban school reform, this paper examines how organizers engaged with the imperatives of neoliberal reform and the broader neoliberal policy context. It highlights organizers' agency but also shows how hegemonic discourse constrained their…

  13. Rodriquez V. San Antonio Independent School District: Gathering the Ayes of Texas--The Politics of School Finance Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yudof, Mark G.; Morgan, Daniel C.

    1974-01-01

    An historical account is given of movements toward educational finance reform in Texas, culminating in the Rodriquez v. San Antonio Independent School District case and its aftermath. The role of political pressures applied by various interest groups is traced and the prospects for future reform assessed. (EH)

  14. A Comparative Study of Classroom Teaching in Korea and Japan: A Case Study on Reforming Schools into Learning Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    So, Kyunghee; Shin, Jiwon; Son, Woojung

    2010-01-01

    Some schools and teachers in Korea and Japan have begun practicing classroom-based reform according to similar visions of a learning community. The purpose of this study was to investigate reform efforts made by teachers in Korea and Japan toward turning classrooms into learning communities. Two elementary schools, School K in Korea and School T…

  15. Educational Reform in Management Courses of Agricultural & Forestry Higher Vocational Schools from the Perspective of Microblog

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liuhe; JIN

    2014-01-01

    At present there are many socialized microblog platforms.With powerful mobility,real-time information,fragment of information dissemination,and innovation of interaction,the microblog has become a socialized interaction mode in recent years.Since microblog is very popular with students of agricultural and forestry higher vocational schools,with the rising and development of network education,the microblog as a new information platform will be used by more and more teachers in education.From the perspective of microblog,this paper studied educational reform in management courses of agricultural and forestry higher vocational schools,in the hope of providing certain reference and help for current education practice of agricultural and forestry management courses.

  16. Systemic High School Reform in Two States: The Serendipity of State-Level Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamann, Edmund T.

    2005-01-01

    Maine and Vermont have been national leaders in state-level coordination of high school reform. Both recently developed almost interchangeable, new, voluntary, statewide frameworks that describe multiple ways high schools should change. Both frameworks--Promising Futures (Maine Commission on Secondary Education 1998) and High Schools on the Move…

  17. Evaluation of the Comprehensive School Reform Program Implementation and Outcomes. Third-Year Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orland, Martin; Connolly, Brooke; Fong, Tony; Sosenko, Lauren Davis; Tushnet, Naida C.; Yin, Robert K.; Burt, Janeula M.; Warner, Emily

    2008-01-01

    The Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) Program was established as a demonstration program in 1998 and authorized as a full program in 2002 as part of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). It is one approach to help low-performing K-12 public schools meet state performance standards. CSR emphasizes two major concepts: mandating that school reform…

  18. What Can the Study of Micropolitics Contribute to the Practice of Leadership in Reforming Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindle, Jane C.

    1999-01-01

    The increased expectations for educational reform make schools and their communities unavoidably more political. These conditions mean that the study of micropolitics is absolutely a question of survival for school leaders. Inserting micropolitics into both the scholarship and curriculum of school leadership is inevitable, advisable, and…

  19. School Leadership in Times of Urban Reform. Topics in Educational Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bizar, Marilyn, Ed.; Barr, Rebecca, Ed.

    Many urban schools are undergoing restructuring due to the problems they face and their resistance to traditional solutions. This volume deals with the various ways in which eight case-study schools in Chicago implemented strategies that called for whole-school change and system reform. The book is comprised of 10 chapters: (1)…

  20. Learning From Rudolf Steiner: The Relevance of Waldorf Education for Urban Public School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oberman, Ida

    2007-01-01

    The author of this paper investigates the relevance of Waldorf education for public urban school reform. Based on analysis of survey data from over 500 graduates of private U.S. Waldorf schools, review of documents from the Gates Foundation, and staff-interview and student-achievement data from four public Waldorf-methods schools, she develops…

  1. Implementing Marzano's Model: The Reality of Educational Leadership and School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keaveny, Stacy M.

    2013-01-01

    Federal and state guidelines for school reform dominate the landscape of public education. Florida and its school districts, as a Race to the Top state, are in the process of fully implementing a value-added model of teacher evaluation. Effective school leaders are calling upon the theoretical framework of transformational, visionary and…

  2. Revisiting the Agenda on Reforming American Urban Schools: A Distant Odd Reality of Lake Wobegon School District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takona, James P.

    2012-01-01

    An ever growing thirst for a framework that supports a flexible environment in which the schools and school districts are protected within a zone that recognizes school reform is everyone's business. Moreover, the teacher's role as a leader in her classroom and among her peers must become a part of the search for a culture of success. This article…

  3. Modeling and control of the output current of a Reformed Methanol Fuel Cell system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Kristian Kjær; Andreasen, Søren Juhl; Pasupathi, Sivakumar

    2015-01-01

    In this work, a dynamic Matlab SIMULINK model of the relationship between the fuel cell current set point of a Reformed Methanol Fuel Cell system and the output current of the system is developed. The model contains an estimated fuel cell model, based on a polarization curve and assumed first order...

  4. Effects of Current on Microcosmic Properties of Catalyst and Reforming of Bio-oil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-xia Yuan; Tong-qi Ye; Fei-yan Gong; Quan-xin Li

    2009-01-01

    Highly effective production of hydrogen from bio-oil was achieved by using a low-temperature electrochemical catalytic reforming approach over the conventional Ni-based reforming cat-alyst (NiO-Al2O3), where an AC electronic current passed through the catalyst bed. The promoting effects of current on the bio-oil reforming were studied. It was found that the performance of the bio-oil reforming was remarkably enhanced by the current which passed through the catalyst. The effects of currents on the microcosmic properties of the catalyst, including the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, pore diameter, pore volume, the size of the crystallites and the reduction level of NiO into Ni, were carefully characterized by BET, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscope. The desorption of the thermal electrons from the electrified catalyst was directly observed by the TOF (time of flight) measurements. The mechanism of the electrochemical catalytic reforming of bio-oil is discussed based on the above investigation.

  5. Some Features on Current Pension System Reform in Latin America Some Features on Current Pension System Reform in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andras Uthoff Botka

    1994-03-01

    Full Text Available The heterogenous nature of their population is an important feature of Latin American and Caribbean countries. Overall demographic transition is late and lagged within countries in some population groups: aging is taking place at a relatively fast pace, with yet a large share of the labour force in informal sector with no social security coverage and also growing at high rates. The challenge to pension systems is to improve their performance within societies with a large incidence of poverty, emerging (and some times incipient capital markets, and increasing demands for benefits. Reform alternatives in Chile. Argentina and Colombia show that their profiles differ as the result of decisions about the adequate weighting of costs and gains in the transition from a pay-as-you go scheme to a full funded one. The heterogenous nature of their population is an important feature of Latin American and Caribbean countries. Overall demographic transition is late and lagged within countries in some population groups: aging is taking place at a relatively fast pace, with yet a large share of the labour force in informal sector with no social security coverage and also growing at high rates. The challenge to pension systems is to improve their performance within societies with a large incidence of poverty, emerging (and some times incipient capital markets, and increasing demands for benefits. Reform alternatives in Chile. Argentina and Colombia show that their profiles differ as the result of decisions about the adequate weighting of costs and gains in the transition from a pay-as-you go scheme to a full funded one.

  6. The Economic Discourse of the Current Reform Aimed at Business Optimization in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purdenko Olena A.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to study the strengths and weaknesses of the current reforms and provide appropriate recommendations and proposals to improve the regulatory and economic business environment. The article analyzes the introduced reforms in the aspect of the regulatory field and the active current system of taxation with the detailing of the type and content of the basic implemented measures. There have been justified the advantages and disadvantages of the introduced system of taxation with respect to the main budget forming taxes, such as the enterprise income taxes, value added tax, individual income tax considering changes in the administering of unified social tax (UST and war tax, excise duty. On the basis of the results of the study it has been found that the introduced reforms only partially improved the tax administration system and in no way reduced the announced tax burden, the time spending of business for preparing the current report was not significantly reduced.

  7. New Tech High Schools: Results of the National Survey of Project Based Learning and High School Reform conducted by the Buck Institute for Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravitz, Jason

    2008-01-01

    In the fall of 2007, the Buck Institute for Education (BIE) conducted a national survey of high school reform and project based learning (PBL). The study included teachers from several major high school reform networks that emphasize PBL as an instructional approach: New Tech High, High Tech High, Edvision Schools, and Envision Schools. It also…

  8. Selected Readings on School Reform. Vol. 2, No. 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, Washington, DC.

    This selection of readings in the field of educational reform presents 46 articles, mostly from the news media, and 2 cartoons related to improvement of the educational system. It opens with "Network Notes," brief reports and reviews about events and recent publications of interest to those concerned with educational reform. The first set of…

  9. Bringing Home the Bacon: The Politics of Rural School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sher, Jonathan P.

    1983-01-01

    Self-interested political, corporate, and education leaders have undermined recent West Virginia court decisions mandating educational reform. Three implications are: (1) principals, teachers, parents, and students must be equal partners in the educaiton reform process; (2) a constituency for rural children is needed; and (3) rural educators must…

  10. Neoliberalism, Social Darwinism, and Consumerism Masquerading as School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tienken, Christopher H.

    2013-01-01

    Education reform policies harvested from neoliberalism, social Darwinism, consumerism, and free-market ideologies have begun to replace the pragmatic progressivism of the pre-World War II era. In this article, I use three federal and state education reform policies and programs--No Child Left Behind Act, Common Core State Standards Initiative, and…

  11. Evaluando los resultados de la reforma escolar total (Evaluating the Results of Whole-School Reform). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hertling, Elizabeth

    This digest in Spanish examines what is involved in evaluating whole-school reform programs. Such evaluations are necessary to renew Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) program grants and are intended to help schools determine what is working and what needs to be changed. Two primary goals of CSRD evaluation are to create a flexible…

  12. Effect of Constraints on Tiebout Competition: Evidence from the Michigan School Finance Reform. Staff Report No. 471

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarti, Rajashri; Roy, Joydeep

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the effects of constraints in a Tiebout framework applied to school finance reforms. We use data from Michigan, which enacted a comprehensive school finance reform in 1994 that, in effect, ended local discretion over school spending. This scenario affords us a unique opportunity to study the implications of imposing limits on…

  13. Current Voices of Reforms in American Education: Ethnocentrism or Globalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Rubaiy, Abdul A.

    An analysis of four major reports on the current quality of education in the United States turned up very little concern for international education. "A Nation at Risk" and the reports of the Education Commission of the States, the Twentieth Century Fund, and the Carnegie Commission for the Advancement of Teaching were examined and the…

  14. Current Changes in Portuguese School System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Esteves

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available About 100 teachers participated in a study and helped to understand how new reforms are faced by those who work in the field, in the particular case of the discipline of geography. The study that was done with geography teachers after 10 years of national curriculum revealed many gaps in terms of what teachers are expected to do. Only recently, some legislation has been issued to regulate the kind of training teachers do as they progress in their teaching careers. The national curriculum for basic education is a huge step in terms of being a part of the world agenda in what concerns a modern teaching and a new vision of what schools should prepare students to, but the instruments of that change (teachers have been neglected.

  15. Fiscal Reform in the People's Republic of China: Current Issues and Future Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Kanamori, Toshiki

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, economists and policymakers have given much greater attention to fiscal reform in the PRC. This reflects the fact that after the Asian financial crisis the fiscal balance of the PRC government rapidly worsened. Second, the PRC economy as a whole has been moving in a more market-oriented direction since its accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The current agenda for fiscal reform includes the low level of fiscal revenue relative to GDP, the tax-sharing scheme betwe...

  16. The Hope for American School Reform: The Cold War Pursuit of Inquiry Learning in Social Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Ronald W.

    2010-01-01

    As the issue of school reform grows ever more intense, it is imperative that we learn what we can from previous efforts. The new social studies was a 1960's attempt to transform the teaching of history and the social sciences in schools. With origins in the Cold War, the movement sought to develop critical thinkers through "inquiry" and…

  17. Market Accountability in Schools: Policy Reforms in England, Germany, France and Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattei, Paola

    2012-01-01

    This article concentrates on the policy reforms of schools in England, Germany, France and Italy, from 1988 to 2009, with a focus on the introduction of market accountability. Pressing demands for organisational change in schools, shaped by the objectives of "efficiency" and competition, which were introduced in England in the 1980s,…

  18. The Reform of School Administrator Preparation: The Western Kentucky University Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cline, H. D.; And Others

    The myriad of educational reforms directed toward increased quality will drastically change the responsibilities of school principals. To make a consequential contribution to improving the effectiveness of public school education in Kentucky by preparing more effective leaders for administrative positions, a new principal preparation program at…

  19. Turnaround, Transformational, or Transactional Leadership: An Ethical Dilemma in School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mette, Ian M.; Scribner, Jay P.

    2014-01-01

    This case was written for school leaders, specifically building-level principals and central office administrators attempting to implement school turnaround reform efforts. Often, leaders who embark on this type of organizational change work in intense environments that produce high levels of pressure to demonstrate improvement in student…

  20. A Match on Dry Grass: Community Organizing as a Catalyst for School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Mark R.; Mapp, Karen L.

    2011-01-01

    The persistent failure of public schooling in low-income communities constitutes one of our nation's most pressing civil rights and social justice issues. Many school reformers recognize that poverty, racism, and a lack of power held by these communities undermine children's education and development, but few know what to do about it. "A…

  1. Defining, Measuring and Supporting Success: Meeting the Challenges of Comprehensive School Reform Research. CSR Connection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appelbaum, Deborah; Schwartzbeck, Terri Duggan

    Many educators believe that comprehensive school reform (CSR) holds real promise for improving schools, as many CSR programs are based in research and have documented success. However, in the past year, there has been increased emphasis on CSR programs' evidence of effectiveness and scrutiny of CSR evaluations' degree of rigor. Questions exist…

  2. The Hope for American School Reform: The Cold War Pursuit of Inquiry Learning in Social Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Ronald W.

    2010-01-01

    As the issue of school reform grows ever more intense, it is imperative that we learn what we can from previous efforts. The new social studies was a 1960's attempt to transform the teaching of history and the social sciences in schools. With origins in the Cold War, the movement sought to develop critical thinkers through "inquiry" and…

  3. Upper Secondary School Physical Science Curricula in New Zealand after the National Qualifications Framework Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Taylor, T. G. Neil

    2007-01-01

    The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have given schools and teachers unprecedented freedom in curricular design and delivery. Using official educational award statistics for 2004 and data arising from a study of 23 schools' upper secondary science curricula in the same year, this study represents an early monitoring of the impact…

  4. Making Dissatisfaction Divine: An Inspired Approach to Whole-School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweetland, Julie

    2008-01-01

    Building community and supporting learning are two principles of Whole Schooling. This article describes how Center for Inspired Teaching, a nonprofit educational reform organization, uses these principles to foster professional learning communities in public schools in Washington, DC. When change agents approach disengaged, disempowered faculties…

  5. What General Motors Can Teach U.S. Schools about the Proper Role of Markets in Education Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Frank

    1996-01-01

    General Motors Corporation's disastrous experiment with robots holds valuable lessons for school reform. Consumer choice can signal when reform is needed, but it identifies no magic bullets for achieving reforms. Market-based initiatives can succeed when based on five principles stressing worker understanding, incentives and problem-solving…

  6. Using "Short" Interrupted Time-Series Analysis To Measure the Impacts of Whole-School Reforms: With Applications to a Study of Accelerated Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Howard S.

    2002-01-01

    Introduces an new approach for measuring the impact of whole school reforms. The approach, based on "short" interrupted time-series analysis, is explained, its statistical procedures are outlined, and how it was used in the evaluation of a major whole-school reform, Accelerated Schools is described (H. Bloom and others, 2001). (SLD)

  7. Comprehensive School Reform in Middle Schools: The Effects of Different Ways of Knowing on Student Achievement in a Large Urban District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munoz, Marco A.; Ross, Steven M.; McDonald, Aaron J.

    2007-01-01

    Comprehensive school reform (CSR), a federally funded program, is designed to raise student achievement via the implementation of whole school reforms. Unfortunately, although close to 400 CSR models have been adopted by schools nationally, there is relatively limited empirical evidence from rigorous research studies regarding the effectiveness of…

  8. The Impact of Schooling Reform on Returns to Education in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail, Ramlee

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to examine the impact of education reforms on earnings. One of the significant changes in the Malaysian education system was the schooling reform of 1970 that changed the medium of instruction from the English language to the Malaysian national language. Using data from the Household Income Surveys of 2002 and 2004, this paper updates the private rate of return to education. Applying a homogenous return model, using an ordinary least square (OLS) regression indi...

  9. The Impact of Schooling Reform on Returns to Education in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail, Ramlee

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to examine the impact of education reforms on earnings. One of the significant changes in the Malaysian education system was the schooling reform of 1970 that changed the medium of instruction from the English language to the Malaysian national language. Using data from the Household Income Surveys of 2002 and 2004, this paper updates the private rate of return to education. Applying a homogenous return model, using an ordinary least square (OLS) regression indi...

  10. Reformed undergraduate instruction and its subsequent impact on secondary school teaching practice and student achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, Scott L.; Banks, Debra; Burtch, Mark; Cox, Frank, III; Judson, Eugene; Turley, Jeffery B.; Benford, Russell; Lawson, Anton E.

    2003-12-01

    The Arizona Collaborative for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers (ACEPT) Program is one of several reform efforts supported by the National Science Foundation. The primary ACEPT reform mechanism has been month-long summer workshops in which university and community college science and mathematics faculty learn about instructional reforms and then attempt to apply them in their courses. Previous ACEPT evaluation efforts suggest that, when implemented, the reforms boost undergraduate student achievement. The initial purpose of the present study was to discover whether enrollment of preservice teachers in one or more of these reformed undergraduate courses is linked to the way they teach after they graduate and become in-service teachers. Assuming that a link is found, a second purpose was to discover whether the presumed positive effect is in turn linked to their students' achievement. In short, the answer appears to be yes, at least among the biology teachers and students surveyed. Compared with controls, the biology teachers who had enrolled in one or more ACEPT reformed course during their teacher preparation program demonstrated significantly higher scores on the measure of reformed instruction and their students demonstrated significantly higher achievement in terms of scientific reasoning, nature of science, and biology concepts. These results support the hypothesis that teachers teach as they have been taught. Furthermore, it appears that instructional reform in teacher preparation programs including both methods and major's courses can improve secondary school student achievement.

  11. K-5 mentor teachers' journeys toward reform-oriented science within a professional development school context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manno, Jacqueline L.

    between mentor teachers' engagement in PDS activities and their thinking about classroom practice. The main focus of this research study was on change in science teaching within the context of a professional development school. PDS literature and current literature on the learning and teaching of science in grades K-8 provided a theoretical orientation to guide the research. Additionally, literature on the process of change in schools helped to narrow the focus of the study while using a lens of situated learning provided additional insight. Analysis of the interview data generated seven assertions that captured the nature of the change process of mentor teachers. Science-specific professional development as well as strong support and encouragement within an active community of learners played significant roles in the transformation of mentor teachers from traditional or activity-based science teachers into educators who use reform-oriented methods and a lens of evidence and explanation to guide their science teaching. Mentor teachers acknowledged an increase in student interest and excitement toward science as a result of these changes in science teaching practices. In addition, data revealed that mentor teachers remained committed to their changed practice after several years. By examining the change process of mentor teachers in a PDS environment, findings from this study are discussed based on implications regarding the factors that contribute to and affect change as reform-oriented practices are implemented in science, a curricular area that is often neglected by elementary teachers.

  12. Intertextuality in Educational Reform: Reflections on Equity in Swedish School Reform La Intertextualidad en las reformas educativas: reflexiones sobre la equidad en la reforma escolar sueca.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Francia

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes intertextuality as a conceptual instrument for the deeper understanding of the phenomenon of equity in educational Reform in times of decentralization. This analysis starts from a dynamic vision of education reforms as interactions of texts. To illustrate the use of intertextual analysis of equity in education, this article introduces and discusses the analyzed examples of the educational national policy and of educational practice in the educational reform implemented in the 90?s and currently in force in the compulsory school in Sweden. It is argued that the meaning of equity is never a fixed one; it varies according to the interactions between political texts at a national level and texts of educational practice at communal and school levels. En este artículo se propone la intertextualidad como herramienta conceptual para lograr una mayor comprensión de la equidad en las reformas educativas en tiempos de descentralización. En este análisis se parte de una visión de reforma educativa como sistema dinámico de interacciones de textos. Para ilustrar la utilidad del análisis intertextual de la equidad educativa se presentan y discuten ejemplos de la política y de la práctica escolar en la reforma introducida en la década de los noventa y actualmente vigente en la escuela obligatoria sueca. Se argumenta que el significado de equidad nunca es fijo, sino que varía de acuerdo con las interacciones de los diferentes textos de la política educativa y de la práctica escolar.

  13. Tobephobia Experienced by Teachers in Secondary Schools: An Exploratory Study Focusing on Curriculum Reform in the Nelson Mandela Metropole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, P.

    2011-01-01

    Because of its history from apartheid to democracy, the aspiration to reform schools is a recurrent theme in South African education. Efforts to reform education in schools based on the outcomes-based education (OBE) curriculum approach created major challenges for policy makers in South Africa. The purpose of this exploratory research was…

  14. Expanding Knowledge Gaps: The Function of Fictions in Teaching Materials after the 2011 Swedish High School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graeske, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    The aim in the study is to analyze how work with fiction is organized in six textbooks for senior high school in Sweden after the school reform 2011. Research into Swedish teaching materials has been neglected in recent years and there is a knowledge gap about how the work with fictions is affected by the reform in 2011. In the study quantitative…

  15. The Comprehensive School--A Reform Model in Contradiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlomerkemper, Jorg

    1990-01-01

    Describes the integrated comprehensive school (ICS) in Germany, where, as of 1988, 90 percent of all students attended traditional schools. Traces the history of comprehensive schools in Germany and examines their philosophy and objectives. States comprehensive schooling cannot create equal social entitlements but can encourage all students to…

  16. Understanding the Limits and Possibilities of School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lonsbury, Justin; Apple, Michael W.

    2012-01-01

    In Someone Has to Fail, Labaree (2010) offers an admirably concise overview of the history and promise of education reform in the United States, combining insights from the history of education, policy studies, and a refreshingly accurate and nuanced account of what it is like to actually manage a classroom environment. While in this essay we…

  17. Metropolitan School Organization: Proposals for Reform. Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKelvey, Troy V., Ed.

    Within the conceptual framewords that surround the development of new structures for the organization of education in metropolitan areas, contributors to this anthology focus on the purpose, conceptualizations, and proposed organizational structures of metropolitan educational reform activities. The book is primarily intended for scholars and…

  18. Strange Brew: Minnesota's Motley Mix of School Reforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearlstein, Mitchell B.

    Minnesota has been the first state to embrace many education reforms, but it is also characterized by low state standards and problematic desegregation and diversity proposals. This report examines why Minnesota is good on some education policies and bad on others. It also draws the lessons with the greatest importance for other states. The…

  19. Goals and priorities of socio-economic reforms with consideration of the current economic situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dykha Mariya V.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article defines goals and priorities of reforms in Ukraine with consideration of the current situation in economy and social sphere. It marks the necessity of changing strategic goals and giving realistic orientation to the process of reformation. The author marks the necessity of development of institutional grounds of state management, activation of internal reserves of development of socio-economic processes, development of science intensive technologies and innovation activity, development of the weighted socio-economic policy, refusal from the paternalistic model and consequent establishment of conditions for activation of possibilities of the population to solve their social problems independently. The article provides a strategic contour of participation of the state in achievement of goals of socio-economic development, which includes a strategic analysis and identification of goals, strategic and tactical levels of goal-setting, strategic control and regulation of socio-economic development.

  20. Building Citizen and Parent Support for School Reform: The Prichard Committee Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sexton, Robert F.

    Comprehensive school-reform programs under way in many states have better chances of success if they are linked to supportive external organizations. This paper describes activities of the Prichard Committee for Academic Excellence, an independent, privately funded organization--a collection of volunteer activists that uses citizen leadership to…

  1. School Reform Policy in England since 1988: Relentless Pursuit of the Unattainable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Bernard

    2008-01-01

    There is growing concern that almost 20 years after the 1988 Education Act, top-down, large-scale reform has stalled. The policy mix of choice, competition, markets, regulation, accountability and leadership seems not to have closed the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged areas and individuals, while most variations in school performance can…

  2. Promise Neighborhoods: The Promise and Politics of Community Capacity Building as Urban School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horsford, Sonya Douglass; Sampson, Carrie

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this inquiry is to consider how the U.S. Department of Education's Promise Neighborhoods (PNs) program can improve persistently low-achieving urban schools by making their "neighborhoods whole again" through community capacity building for education reform. As the "first federal initiative to put education at the…

  3. Girl Stuff: Same-Sex Relations in Girls' Public Reform Schools and the Institutional Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steet, Linda

    1998-01-01

    Examines data on same-sex relations in girls' reform schools, noting the invisibility of gay and lesbian lives in most educational research. Discusses difficulties with terminology, institutional efforts to curb girls' relationships and sexual behavior, the girls' creation of an alternative family structure, love letters, and interracial…

  4. Local Control, Democracy, and the Separation in the Public Opinion of School Finance Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelly, Bryan

    2007-01-01

    What role does a person's support for local educational control play in determining her attitude towards equity-minded school finance reform? This article reports estimations of binary and ordered probit models of two state public opinion polls and discusses newspaper coverage from the same two states to determine if and how local control has such…

  5. Research on the Boundaries: Narrative Inquiry in the Midst of Organized School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Cheryl J.

    2010-01-01

    The author centers on narrative inquiry as a "multilayered and many stranded" form of qualitative research (Clandinin & Connelly, 2000, p. xvii), one that unfurls in the midst of a plethora of social phenomena and other research agendas (Conle, 1999). In the article, the narrative inquiry broadly relates to organized school reform in…

  6. How Leadership for an ICT Reform Is Distributed within a School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seong, David Ng Foo; Ho, Jeanne Marie

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the process of information communication technology (ICT) reform in a government school in Singapore. The focus is on the distributed leadership actions performed by various individuals, and how the multiple leaders and their leadership practices interacted with one another.…

  7. Mandated Change Gone Wrong? A Case Study of Law-Based School Reform in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisschoff, Tom

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore and describe the limits of recent law-based school reform in South Africa from an education management perspective. Design/methodology/approach: The research design consists of a qualitative, investigative, descriptive and contextual design which Merriam would classify as a basic or generic design type.…

  8. The Implementation of Entrepreneurship Education through Curriculum Reform in Finnish Comprehensive Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seikkula-Leino, Jaana

    2011-01-01

    How has entrepreneurship education been implemented in Finnish comprehensive schools. A two-part survey was undertaken in 43 municipalities with different educational and socio-economic backgrounds. The first part, in 2005, dealt with the local curriculum reform with a focus on the development of entrepreneurship education. The second part, in…

  9. A Matrix of Music Supervisors' Stories in the Midst of School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz-Cote, Heather Michele

    2016-01-01

    Race to the Top (RttP) was used to focus school reform on the improvement of teaching through teacher evaluation based on student growth data. Papay (2012) was among the researchers who argued that "evaluators must be well-trained, knowledgeable about effective teaching practices, as defined in the standards, and able to analyze observed…

  10. The Past, Present, and Future of Comprehensive School Reform. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borman, Geoffrey D.

    2009-01-01

    The last major review of the achievement outcomes of comprehensive school reform (CSR) models was conducted in 2003. Despite the growing evidence base supporting CSR, the program was discontinued by the federal government in 2007. Now, six years after the 2003 meta-analysis, the study's lead author, Geoffrey Borman, revisits the results and…

  11. How Leadership for an ICT Reform Is Distributed within a School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seong, David Ng Foo; Ho, Jeanne Marie

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the process of information communication technology (ICT) reform in a government school in Singapore. The focus is on the distributed leadership actions performed by various individuals, and how the multiple leaders and their leadership practices interacted with one another.…

  12. Producing Cosmos? The Explanatory Power of Social Drama for School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsey, Martin

    2006-01-01

    The winds of decentralizing reform that have been driving their way through various government education systems across the globe over the best part of two decades have generated a great deal of conflict. In the late 1990s those working in the Western Australian government high school in which I conducted the research reported here found…

  13. The Meaning(s) of Teacher Leadership in an Urban High School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scribner, Samantha M. Paredes; Bradley-Levine, Jill

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the meaning of teacher leadership from teachers' perspectives. The authors examine teachers' practice of and talk about legitimate sources of power and influence in the context of an urban high school reform. Design: This is an interpretive study of teacher leadership situated in one small high…

  14. Neoliberalism as Nihilism? A Commentary on Educational Accountability, Teacher Education, and School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuck, Eve

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses neoliberalism as an extension of settler colonialism. The article provides commentary on five recent articles on teacher education and the neoliberal agenda. The article presents an analysis of neoliberalism as despair, and as a form of nihilism. The author discusses an indigenous model of school reform and…

  15. English Language Learners and High School Reform Conference Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Runfola, Tracy; Carolino, Barbara; Lara, Julia; Pande, Gitanjali; Spaulding, Shelley

    2004-01-01

    In 1995, the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) launched the High-Poverty Schools Initiative. It focuses on building the capacity of state education agency officials and their local partners to implement various federal education programs aimed at improving outcomes for students in high-poverty schools. The overall initiative goal is…

  16. Tides of School Reform: A Case for Servant Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betz, Natalie Christine

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative, narrative inquiry, case study explored the philosophy of servant leadership through the lens of a new high school principal and its impact on the culture of a suburban high school in New Jersey. This case study examined the impact the philosophy of servant leadership had on the school's culture by examining to what extent a) the…

  17. Tides of School Reform: A Case for Servant Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betz, Natalie Christine

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative, narrative inquiry, case study explored the philosophy of servant leadership through the lens of a new high school principal and its impact on the culture of a suburban high school in New Jersey. This case study examined the impact the philosophy of servant leadership had on the school's culture by examining to what extent a)…

  18. Bringing Democracy to the Occupational Life of Educators in the United States: Constructing a Foundation for School-Based Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Jesse; Baron, Daniel; Myers, Carol

    2001-01-01

    Portrays authors' work as external change agents involved in numerous comprehensive, school-based reform efforts in the United States. Concerned with schools' micropolitics, focuses on efforts to develop democratic school cultures and on various issues (victimization, leadership, and authenticity) related to these schools' internal governance.…

  19. Science teachers' beliefs about teaching and reform: Case studies from a restructured high school

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Elizabeth A.

    A qualitative research study of the beliefs of three science teachers about teaching and educational reform was carried out at a restructured high school belonging to the Coalition of Essential Schools (CES), a nationally prominent restructuring movement. One problem of educational reform is to sustain change in the science classroom. A new wave of reform is shifting the focus away from curriculum changes and towards professionalism of teachers empowered to restructure schools. The beliefs of the teachers are key to decisions made in the classroom. The teachers and staff of Metro High School adopted the Ten Common Principles of CES as their guide to restructuring and sustaining change. Changes included increased authority for teachers in shared decision making, increased staff time for professional development, grouping students heterogeneously, grouping students and faculty in teams for extended time periods, and organizing instruction around small group and individual student study (student-centered). The theoretical framework centers on the constructivist theory of learning, particularly Vygotsky's socio-cultural model, and Bakhtin's dialogic function of language. Nespor's belief system model was used to describe the four characteristic features of beliefs: episodic memories, alternativity, existential presumption, and evaluative loading. My research questions were: What memories of teaching have influenced the teachers? What are the teachers' beliefs about the learning environment? What are the teachers' beliefs about their students? What are the teachers' beliefs about student activities? Interviews were the primary data source for the case studies of the three teachers, with additional data from lesson plans, photo-voice, and other artifacts. The teachers shared many common beliefs including that strong peer support is necessary for reform. The teachers' beliefs allied themselves to the majority of the common principles of CES, especially personalization and

  20. Primary School English Reform in Japan: Policies, Progress and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Chin Leong Patrick

    2016-01-01

    In April 2011, the Ministry of Education in Japan formally introduced Primary School English (PSE) language teaching in Japanese elementary schools. The PSE policy made it mandatory for fourth- and fifth-graders to attend English lessons once a week. Using the theoretical framework on why educational language plans fail [Kaplan, R. B., Baldauf, R.…

  1. Primary School English Reform in Japan: Policies, Progress and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Chin Leong Patrick

    2016-01-01

    In April 2011, the Ministry of Education in Japan formally introduced Primary School English (PSE) language teaching in Japanese elementary schools. The PSE policy made it mandatory for fourth- and fifth-graders to attend English lessons once a week. Using the theoretical framework on why educational language plans fail [Kaplan, R. B., Baldauf, R.…

  2. Social Media Illuminates: Some Truths about School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blumenreich, Megan; Jaffe-Walter, Reva

    2015-01-01

    Montclair Cares About Schools (MCAS) is a citizen-activist group in Montclair, New Jersey, that used Facebook, emails, and online petitions to inform and organize citizens on local educational policy issues. Emerging in response to a new superintendent's plans to reshape Montclair schools with new teacher evaluations, administrative hires, and…

  3. Do American and Korean Education Systems Converge? Tracking School Reform Policies and Outcomes in Korea and the USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jaekyung; Park, Daekwon

    2014-01-01

    This study examines key school reform policies and outcomes of the USA and Korea over the past three decades from comparative perspectives. Since the two nations' unique educational problems brought divergent educational reform paths--standardization versus differentiation, high-stakes testing versus individualized assessment, and centralization…

  4. Evaluating the Impact of an Urban Comprehensive School Reform: An Illustration of the Need for Mixed Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sondergeld, Toni A.; Koskey, Kristin L. K.

    2011-01-01

    An abundance of comprehensive school reform (CSR) literature exists illustrating CSRs are effective in improving student outcomes. However, much of this research reports on top-down reforms, focuses on academic outcomes, and uses quantitative methods alone. Many educational researchers have argued for the use of mixed methods for providing a…

  5. Integrating art and science: A case study of middle school reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smar, Benedict J.

    2000-10-01

    Schools are under tremendous pressure to change and improve. Among the many strategies advocated to improve learning is that of curriculum integration. For arts advocates, that translates into an interest in integrating the arts into the curriculum. While the arts have never been at the forefront of America's educational priorities, recent rhetoric, policy, and research suggested they are more a part of mainstream educational reform policy at this time. However, while current policy and the literature support a strong role for the arts in education, practice may be more influenced by the variety of complex, powerful issues faced by schools as organizations engaged in navigating the turbulent waters of change. The juxtaposition of these factors, along with limited empirical data about the practical considerations of arts integration in the context of change, created a need to know more about the practicalities of integrating the arts into the curriculum. The purpose of this study was to examine the practical considerations which surround integrating art and science at the middle school level. A case study design was employed which used qualitative methods to gather data including interviews, informal conversations, direct observations, and the examination of artifacts. Data were analyzed using a theoretically grounded, Capacity Analysis Model developed through review of the literature. The findings indicated that integrating the arts into the curriculum must be considered in light of the broader context of educational change. The school's capacity to deal with change is central to the integrative process. Building capacity on individual, cultural, structural, and environmental levels facilitated an emergent link between art and science. The process was interactive and complex. The continuous interaction and synthesis of the four capacities manifested itself as the school's integrative capacity. It was concluded that building the capacity to address change, engaging

  6. Need to reform education in graduate schools of public health in Japan: Toward outcome-based education to cultivate competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Mariko; Yano, Eiji

    2016-01-01

    Japan, known for its good healthcare access via universal health insurance, leads the world in terms of life expectancy, and possesses a public health system that has improved health standards markedly in the 20th century. However, we currently face major challenges to maintain and promote people's health. Although these complicated problems pose numerous threats to public welfare, education of public health for health professionals still retains 20th-century standards. This also means that graduate education of public health in Japan is traditionally based on obtaining licensure as a medical professional, conducting research and writing papers, and on-the-job training. Since graduate school education is expected to produce competent public health leaders, Japan requires a reform toward a new education design that caters to the current societal needs. The current global trend in the education of health professionals leans toward outcome-based education to meet core competencies. Here, "competency" refers to a set of features or particular behavioral patterns possessed by highly qualified persons. In 2006, the World Health Organization (WHO) established a general health professional competency standard that includes both management and leadership competencies. Moreover, the Lancet Commission concluded that there was a need for transformative education based on a "health system approach." In brief, this means that our education should correspond to the needs of the health system to allow for the resolution of problems by educated professionals with satisfactory levels of competencies. In addition, as "change agents," these competent professionals are expected to promote societal change toward the realization of better public health. In Japan, the Central Education Council has produced several reports on professional graduate school reform since 2000. These reports indicate that graduate school curricula require reform to allow the health professionals to work

  7. Assessing The Current Indonesia’s Electricity Market Arrangements and The Opportunities to Reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhani Setyawan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Existing subsidy arrangements and institutional settings in the Indonesian electricity sector distort investment decisions and lead to higher cost. Electricity supply is characterized by natural monopoly characteristics, requiring different management by governments than sectors with more straightforward market characteristics. Many countries have undergone significant re-structuring of their electricity sectors, away from one, state owned and vertically integrated monopoly supplier to a setting whereby competition has emerged either at the generation level and/or the retail level. Transmission and distribution networks are typically heavily regulated and transparent access arrangements are put in place as part of the restructuring efforts. The analysis showed that the current structure of Indonesia’s electricity sector firmly within Model 2 (the single buyer model and highlights that Indonesia is currently towards the less-competitive end of the spectrum of Model 2, identifying significant potential for efficiency enhancing reforms within this structure. Constitutional limitations have hampered previous efforts to restructure the sector in Indonesia but there is significant room for incremental reform to improve incentives in the sector and reduce the cost of generation in the process.

  8. Curriculum Testing on the Persistent Fringes: Neoliberal Policy and the New Regime of Title I High School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturges, Keith M.

    2015-01-01

    Neoliberal policies have opened the door to a steady stream of contract providers who assist struggling schools while producing market-ready reforms. This ethnographic example of Allport High School illustrates how constant aid, in combination with internal market expansion, destabilizes school structures, obscures curricula, and transfers local…

  9. New Public Management and District Reform: Managerialism and Deflection of Local Leadership in a Texas School District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxcy, Brendan

    2009-01-01

    Examining work and community relations in one Texas school district, this study explores intensifying managerialism under performance accountability (PA) pressures. Reports, press releases, and media accounts are combined with ethnographic study from one elementary school to explore the enactment of school district reforms. Locating PA within a…

  10. 学校变革的三种影响力量%Three Major Influential. Forces in the Schooling Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈佑清

    2012-01-01

    Schooling reform is influenced by three main forces, namely educational administration drive, social need drive and schools" autonomous choice. The forces show distinct traits and adopt different ways in the process of affecting the schooling reform. In present China, the two forces of educational administration and social both have some aspects which are obstructive to the schooling reform. In order to advance the schooling reform, we have to improve the educational administration and guide the social needs for the education, so as to create a supporiive environment for schooling reform. What is more practical is that we should cultivate the force of advancing the schooling reform, based on the autonomous choice of the school which should be regarded as one of the agents of the reform. Henee the schooling quality should be highlighted, such as the principals; responsibility for education, enterprise, educational philosophy, pioneering spirit and will of reform, etc%教育行政推动、社会需求驱动和学校自主选择是影响学校变革的三种主要力量,它们对学校变革的影响各不相同。为使学校变革能顺利推进,一方面要尽力改进教育行政管理和引导社会对教育的需求,为学校变革创造支持环境;另一方面要从学校自主选择切入,培育推动学校变革的力量。为此,要重点提升校长的教育责任感、事业心、办学理念、开拓精神、改革意志等办学品质。

  11. Constructivism and Pedagogical Reform in China: Issues and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Charlene

    2017-01-01

    This article critically discusses the constructivist ideas, assumptions and practices that undergird the current pedagogical reform in China. The pedagogical reform is part of a comprehensive curriculum reform that has been introduced across schools in Mainland China. Although the official documents did not specify the underpinning theories for…

  12. A School for All or a School for the Labour Market? Analyzing the Goal Formulation of the 1991 Swedish Upper Secondary Education Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erikson, Josefina

    2017-01-01

    The 1991, Swedish upper secondary school reform presents internationally an unusual case of the far-reaching integration of academic and vocational programmes. It has often been claimed that late tracking, such as characterizes this reform, helps to reduce inequalities between different social classes. This article addresses the question of how…

  13. Including Student Voices in School Reform: Students Speak out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sands, Deanna Iceman; Guzman, Lydia; Stephens, Laura; Boggs, Alison

    2007-01-01

    If school renewal is to ultimately impact student outcomes, then understanding and responding to the factors students describe as influencing their constructive and unconstructive effort is vital. Results from focus groups with 4th, 7th, 9th, and 11th graders indicated that when students set and work toward goals, they expend more effort in…

  14. Including Student Voices in School Reform: Students Speak out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sands, Deanna Iceman; Guzman, Lydia; Stephens, Laura; Boggs, Alison

    2007-01-01

    If school renewal is to ultimately impact student outcomes, then understanding and responding to the factors students describe as influencing their constructive and unconstructive effort is vital. Results from focus groups with 4th, 7th, 9th, and 11th graders indicated that when students set and work toward goals, they expend more effort in…

  15. Beyond Special and Regular Schooling? An Inclusive Education Reform Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slee, Roger

    2008-01-01

    Following Edward Said's (2001) observations on traveling theories this paper considers the origins of inclusive education as a field of education research and policy that is in jeopardy of being undermined by its broadening popularity, institutional adoption and subsequent adaptations. Schools were not an invention for all and subsequently the…

  16. Time for Teacher Learning, Planning Critical for School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merritt, Eileen G.

    2017-01-01

    Teachers are dedicated, wise, and thoughtful change agents who need more time to identify problems they see in their schools or classrooms and work individually and collectively on solutions. They need both more time for individual planning and time to collaborate with colleagues who teach the same grades or the same subjects. A productive day of…

  17. Micropolitics in the Tasmanian Context of School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Judy

    1999-01-01

    A principal who headed various Tasmanian schools observes the prevalence of micropolitics and describes the micropolitics involved in an assisted self-renewal process. Greater attention to fact through research and data collection, more intentional communication strategies, shared decision making, and greater understanding of micropolitics will…

  18. Reappraisal: The Problems and Prospects of Studying the Micropolitics of Leadership in Reforming Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mawhinney, Hanne B.

    1999-01-01

    Examines current micropolitics literature in the context of educational reform leadership. Discusses implications of disassociated research and policymaking for systemic change, particularly when macro directions meet micro realities. Conceptual pluralism in organizational research has enriched and limited our micropolitical understanding. School…

  19. Curriculum Reform and Supporting Structures at Schools: Challenges for Life Skills Planning for Secondary School Students in China (with Particular Reference to Hong Kong)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, John Chi-Kin

    2017-01-01

    Demand has risen for the introduction of career education in senior secondary schooling to enhance students' transition from study to work. Against such a background, this paper aims to discuss the curriculum reforms and supporting structures in schools and to explore the challenges of life skills planning for secondary school students in China…

  20. Current practices and reform proposals for the regulation of advanced medicinal products in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viswanathan, Sowmya; Bubela, Tania

    2015-01-01

    We describe the Canadian regulatory framework for evaluating advanced medicinal products based on current policies, guidance documents and regulations and analyze proposed reforms. Our analysis is based on a documentary review supplemented by discussions with Health Canada officials. We present an overview of the Canadian regulatory framework for cell and gene therapy, medical devices and manufacturing facilities. We use the approval of Prochymal™ to highlight Canada's conditional marketing approval system. Finally, we discuss proposed changes to the regulatory framework in response to identified gaps, stakeholder consultations and international harmonization initiatives. Based on our analyses, we suggest that Canadian regulators have taken a reasonable approach in applying their regulatory framework without compromising on product safety.

  1. Renewing the Dutch economics syllabus for higher secondary education: educational reforms from past to current databases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rol, Menno

    2015-01-01

    Dutch secondary school economics education was never at rest. It currently finds itself once more in an interesting phase of transition. New developments of behavioural economics have been incorpo-rated into the exam subject matter while the deletion of Keynesian model making from the corpus

  2. SCHOOLS AND CYBERBULLYING: PROBLEM PERCEPTION, CURRENT ACTIONS AND FUTURE NEEDS

    OpenAIRE

    Heidi Vandebosch; Karolien Poels; Gie Deboutte

    2014-01-01

    Cyberbullying is a common phenomenon amongst young people. It exhibits many similarities to traditional school bullying, with a potentially serious impact on the mental health and school functioning of victims. For this reason, action by schools is often recommended. The aim of this article is to provide a better picture of what schools are currently doing to address cyberbullying and of what schools will need to continue doing so in the future. An online survey was conducted among staff memb...

  3. Reforms needed for the operationalisation of inclusive education in ordinary schools in Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Sibanda

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Special Needs Education has evolved from segregation to main streaming and then to inclusion of students with disabilities. This evolutionary process was fuelled by the social need for equality of humanity. This process has been met with fierce idealogical resistance from certain social quotas. The most radical and dynamic changes in Special Needs Education to date, which have withstood such resistance, are those that relate to inclusive education. In response to changes characterising inclusive education, drastic reforms have been experienced in those countries such as the USA and the United Kingdom. These countries have been used as models for the implementation of genuine inclusion of students with disabilities into ordinary schools.  This treatise examines reforms of the ordinary school that would save as necessary conditions for successful inclusive education in developing countries such as Zimbabwe. Such reforms relate to the organization and philosophy of the school, the physical and social environment, resourcing, curriculum and policy change processes. Examples from Zimbabwe are used to guide the discussion and the terms ‘inclusive education’, ‘major reforms’ and ‘mainstream/ordinary school’ are immediately defined in order to operationalize the topic. Some of the main reasons for failure of inclusive education in developing countries such as Zimbabwe have been lack of political will and negative social attitudes towards people with disabilities. In the ultimate analysis, the paper concludes that, for inclusive education to operate or function, there is need for a revolutionary change of attitude toward people with disabilities at political, social and professional levels. This should be punctuated with restructuring of the school infrastructure and mainstream curriculum, mainstreaming of social and educational policies to become disability friendly and improved resourcing. Teachers should be re-capacitated to face the

  4. High School Principal Transformational Leadership Behaviors and Teacher Extra Effort during Educational Reform: The Mediating Role of Teacher Agency Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boberg, John Eric

    2013-01-01

    Transformational leadership has been shown to affect organizational commitment, capacity development, and performance. However, these relationships have received very little attention in schools, especially high schools in the United States that are experiencing educational reform initiatives under No Child Left Behind. Using a sample of 1403 high…

  5. High School Principal Transformational Leadership Behaviors and Teacher Extra Effort during Educational Reform: The Mediating Role of Teacher Agency Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boberg, John Eric

    2013-01-01

    Transformational leadership has been shown to affect organizational commitment, capacity development, and performance. However, these relationships have received very little attention in schools, especially high schools in the United States that are experiencing educational reform initiatives under No Child Left Behind. Using a sample of 1403 high…

  6. Launching Comprehensive School Reform: Early Lessons for State and Federal Policymakers. Policy Issues, September 1999. Issue 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Lawrence B.; Hanson, Matthew

    This publication examines education stakeholders' initial responses to the Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) program in six states in the North Central region of the U.S. Created by Congress in 1997 to help raise student achievement in public schools, the CSRD program is a multi-year initiative that provides financial incentives to…

  7. The Challenge of Supporting Change: Elementary Student Achievement and the Bay Area School Reform Collaborative's Focal Strategy. Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Kristin E.; Snipes, Jason C.

    2006-01-01

    This is the second and final report for MDRC's evaluation of the Bay Area School Reform Collaborative (BASRC), a grant-making and support organization in San Francisco, California. BASRC is dedicated to improving student achievement in public schools and narrowing achievement gaps among different racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. BASRC…

  8. The View from the Lighted Schoolhouse: Conceptualizing Home-School Relations within a Class Size Reduction Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graue, M. Elizabeth; Sherfinski, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    In this essay we examine how educators work within a component of a class size reduction reform designed to strengthen the connections between families' home and school lives. We describe the accomplishments and struggles experienced by educators enacting this "lighted schoolhouse" based on our research in nine schools over three years.…

  9. Why Is School Reform Sustained Even after a Project? A Case Study of Bac Giang Province, Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Eisuke; Khong, Thi Diem Hang; Tsukui, Atsushi

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on a case study of schools in Vietnam wherein teachers are engaged in school reform activities known as professional teacher meetings (PTMs), which is based on an approach called lesson study for learning community (LSLC). The PTMs under LSLC were introduced in 2006, but the teachers involved are still conducting the activities…

  10. The Impact of School Finance Litigation on Resource Distribution: A Comparison of Court-Mandated Equity and Adequacy Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Matthew G.; Liu, Keke; Guthrie, James W.

    2008-01-01

    While there is a wealth of research on school finance equity and adequacy, and school finance theory clearly documents differences between the two concepts, no study has examined whether the reforms engendered by each approach actually differ in terms of resource distribution. This study examines the issues using district level data on expenditure…

  11. Interactions of selected policy-stakeholder groups implementing middle school science standards-based systemic reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boydston, Theodore Lewis, III

    1999-12-01

    This research is an interpretive inquiry into the views and interactions of stakeholders in a district office of a large school system responsible for implementing science systemic reform. Three major sources of data were used in this research: surveys, stakeholder interviews, and autobiographical reflection on experiences as part of the reform initiative. This is an emergent research that is evident in the shift in the focus of research questions and their supporting assumptions during the research. The literature review describes standards-based reform, arguments about reform, and the major dimensions of reform research. The results of the survey of stakeholders revealed that the views among the stakeholder groups followed the system hierarchy and could be separated into two large groups; staff responsible for implementing the reform initiative and the other stakeholder groups. Each of these groups was composed of identifiable subgroups. The interviews with stakeholders revealed how their different attitudes, values, and beliefs frame the context of stakeholder interactions. An over reliance on an authoritarian view of decision-making leaves many stakeholders feeling disempowered and critical of others. This atmosphere promotes blaming, which inhibits collegial interaction. Work experiences in the district office revealed how stakeholders' unaddressed assumptions, attitudes, and beliefs promote fragmentation and competition rather than cooperation. Hidden assumptions about management by control and mandate, competition, and teaching and learning appear to restrain the interactions of stakeholders. Support of the National Science Education Standards was identified as a unifying view among the stakeholders, yet the professional development program focused on content and pedagogical knowledge without addressing stakeholder concerns and beliefs about the intended constructivist framework of the program. Stakeholders' attitudes about the issue of equity demonstrated

  12. California teachers' perceptions of standards-based reform in middle school science: A mixed-methods study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leggett, Allison Gail Wilson

    The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 presented one of the most significant and comprehensive literacy reforms in many years (McDonnell, 2005; U.S. Department of Education, 2006). The era of school accountability and standards based reform has brought many challenges and changes to public schools. Increasingly, public officials and educational administrators are asked to use standards based assessments to make high-stakes decisions, such as whether a student will move on to the next grade level or receive a diploma (American Psychological Association, 2005). It is important to understand any shifts in teachers' perceptions and to identify the changes teachers are making as they implement standards-based reform. This mixed-methods study was designed to assess teachers' perceptions of changes related to standards-based reform as supported by Fullan's (2001) change theory and transformational leadership theory. Survey questions sought to identify teacher perceptions of changes in curriculum, instruction and daily practice as schools documented and incorporated standards-based reform and began focusing on preparing students for the California Standards Test in Science (CSTS). Using descriptive statistical analysis and in-depth interviews, results show favorable insight towards standards-based reform. The survey was distributed to 30 middle school science teachers from 10 low-performing schools in Los Angeles, California. Results were analyzed using Spearman rank-ordered correlations. Interviews were conducted on middle school teachers represented by each grade level. Teachers who receive more support from administrators have more positive attitudes toward all aspects of SBR and the CSTS as measured in this study. No school should overlook the potential of a supportive administration in its effort to improve school programs.

  13. The pedagogical and ethical legacy of a "successful" educational reform: The Citizen School Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischman, Gustavo E.; Gandin, Luis Armando

    2016-02-01

    The Citizen School Project (Escola Cidadã) was implemented from 1993 to 2004 in Porto Alegre, capital of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. This article presents the conception behind the Citizen School Project, the basic mechanisms created to implement and evaluate its strengths and weaknesses, and some of its contradictions. After contextualising the educational reforms in Brazil during the 1980s and 1990s, the authors demonstrate how the Citizen School Project's emphasis on participation and democratisation was a radical departure from Brazil's traditional public education system. Next, they present the three main goals and structures of the Citizen School Project - democratisation of access to schools, democratisation of schools' administration, and democratisation of access to knowledge. They conclude by discussing some pedagogic, social and political dynamics which appear to be strong legacies of this pedagogical project. The authors also argue that the Citizen School Project has both improved the quality of education in Porto Alegre and is an important contribution to our collective thinking about the politics of "successful" educational policies.

  14. Current Situation and Reforms Making Way for Future Positive Developments in the National Education System of Bulgaria: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genova, Teodora

    2015-01-01

    This paper on the education system of Bulgaria is aimed at presenting its structure, current situation, problems and challenges that it faces, and on-going reforms leading to some positive trends in the development of the national education sector. At the moment of writing this paper in the year 2015, we will mark the 1160th anniversary of the…

  15. Using symbolic interactionism to analyze a specialized STEM high school teacher's experience in curriculum reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Tang Wee; Osborne, Margery

    2012-09-01

    In this paper, we present a microanalysis of a specialized STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) high school teacher's experience of self-initiated science inquiry curriculum reform. We examine the meanings of these two constructs: inquiry curriculum and curriculum change through the process lens of interactions, actions, and interpretations. Symbolic interactionism is the theoretical framework we used to frame our analysis of how this teacher, Darren Daley (a pseudonym) and various stakeholders purposefully and strategically engaged in "face-work" and act out lines of actions to advocate or oppose curriculum change. Symbols are used in this world of face-to-face encounters to communicate, imply, and assert, meanings through socially flexible and adjustable processes. We scrutinize how Daley (un)consciously engaged all of these to defend his decisions, actions, and outcomes and "look" to others as doing inquiry reform. The meanings of such work are not intrinsically driven or reactions to psychological and extraneous factors and forces, but emergent through interactions. The data collection methods include interviews with Daley, school administrators, students, and parents, lesson observations in Daley's class, and gathering of school website pages, brochures, and curriculum materials. We represent data in narratives describing storied history, voices, interactions, anecdotal accounts from individuals' experiences, and interpretations. The analysis and findings illuminate the nature of teacher agency—how it is reclaimed, sustained, reinforced, contested, exercised, and modified in more nuanced ways, hence offering an alternative lens to theorizing and empirically analyzing this construct.

  16. Examining mutable reform options for urban schools with multilevel analysis in the National Educational Longitudinal Study:88

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, John Kyle

    2000-11-01

    The present study examined the effects of science course taking and school urbanicity on students' science achievement levels. More specifically, this study analyzed the National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS:88) with multilevel techniques to investigate mutable reform options for urban schools in the area of science achievement. This study provided a unique insight into current research because all analyses were conducted with both ordinary least squares regression (OLS) and multilevel modeling techniques. Results from the comparison of OLS and multilevel techniques showed little effect on either overestimation or underestimation between the OLS weighted sample and the multilevel analysis. Although the differences between these two analyses were small, the multilevel techniques were optimized when the differences between schools was largest. Results from the multilevel and weighted analyses produced large differences when compared against the unweighted analysis. The unweighted sample consistently overestimated the coefficients of slope for each of the predictor variables. Because of these findings, researchers should be strongly cautioned against interpreting analyses run with the NELS:88 dataset without a weighted sample or without multilevel techniques. The results from the multiple regression analysis in both multilevel modeling and weighted OLS indicated that students who had parents who attended a school event, were not afraid to ask questions in science class, spent more time on homework each week, did not attend a school where science was taught in a non-English language, and had parents who belonged to a parent/teacher organization scored higher in terms of student science achievement than did their urban counterparts who did not meet these qualifications. From these results, several recommendations were made for schools concerning ways they could improve science education, including fostering attitudes of inquiry in science, increasing the

  17. Continuing Professional Development in School Psychology: Current Status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynd, George W.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Current patterns and trends in continuing education for school psychologists are identified by looking at the programs developed by the American Psychological Association and the National Association of School Psychologists, followed by a brief description of the National School Psychology Inservice Training Network project. (Author/BW)

  18. Curriculum Reform Research of Computer Network Technology Based on School-Enterprise Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Peng

    There is growing concern about falling levels of student engagement with school science, as evidenced by studies of student attitudes, and decreasing participation at the post compulsory level. College-enterprise cooperation model is a new model of cultivating application-typed talents in college by cooperating with enterprises. In the paper, we analyze the teaching problems in the course of "Computer Network Technology", propose guidelines with teaching practice. Then we explored the reform ways to enhance students' self-learning ability. Finally, the conclusion is given.

  19. A Study on the Current Status, Problems and Solving Methods of Physical Education in the Context of New Curriculum Reform in Urban Junior School%新课改背景下城市初中体育教学的现状、问题及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宇中

    2014-01-01

    新课改背景下,城市体育教学的发展是一个系统的问题。经研究发现,城市体育教学问题主要从教师、学生和学校三个方面体现出来。据此提出有针对性的建议,促进我国城市体育教学的发展,是研究的意义所在。%In the context of new curriculum reform, the develop-ment of urban physical education is a systematical problem. The research has discovered that the problems of urban physical edu-cation are mainly embodied by three aspects, the teacher, the student and the school. Therefore, this essay puts forward some targeted suggestions to promote the development of our national urban physical education, which is also the significance of this study.

  20. High Pressure Reform: Examining Urban Schools' Response to Multiple School Choice Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holme, Jennifer Jellison; Carkhum, Rian; Rangel, Virginia Snodgrass

    2013-01-01

    Over the past several decades, policymakers have sought to address the problem of school failure by exposing traditional public schools to competitive market forces. In this analysis, we examine how two traditional public schools in a "high pressure/high choice" urban school cluster in Texas responded to a number of overlapping choice…

  1. Perceived Influences on High School Students' Current Career Expectations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paa, Heidi K.; McWhirter, Ellen Hawley

    2000-01-01

    Presents descriptive data on high school students' (N=464) perceptions of various factors that might influence their current career expectations. Analysis suggests that high school students are aware of a variety of internal and external influences on their current career expectations. Girls endorsed more types of influence from same sex parent,…

  2. The Current Landscape of the School Librarianship Curricula in USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Kwan; Turner, Ralph

    2014-01-01

    The current landscape of the School Librarianship educational programs and curricula of master's degrees in the USA has been explored. The master's programs are currently offered in the following four venues: (1) programs that are American Library Association (ALA) accredited but not American Association of School Librarians (AASL) recognized,…

  3. Schooling for Social Mobility: High School Reform for College Access and Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammack, Floyd M.

    2016-01-01

    This article addresses what schools that seek to promote social mobility as opposed to status maintenance among their students really ask of them. Focusing on several prominent charter school organizations, the article details the social and behavioral expectations of the schools and understands them through an application of Goffman's work on…

  4. Co-current and counter-current configurations for ethanol steam reforming in a dense Pd–Ag membrane reactor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gallucci, F.; De Falco, M.; Tosti, S.; Marrelli, L.; Basile, A.

    2008-01-01

    The ethanol steam-reforming reaction to produce pure hydrogen has been studied theoretically. A mathematical model has been formulated for a traditional system and a palladium membrane reactor packed with a Co-based catalyst and the simulation results related to the membrane reactor for both co-curr

  5. School Turnaround Fever: The Paradoxes of a Historical Practice Promoted as a New Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peck, Craig; Reitzug, Ulrich C.

    2014-01-01

    School "turnaround" has received significant attention recently in education literature and policy action, especially as a means to dramatically improve urban education. In current common education usage, "turnaround" refers to the rapid, significant improvement in the academic achievement of persistently low-achieving schools.…

  6. Comprehensive School Reform: Meta-Analytic Evidence of Black-White Achievement Gap Narrowing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorey, Kevin M

    2009-12-30

    This meta-analysis extends a previous review of the achievement effects of comprehensive school reform (CSR) programs (Borman, Hewes, Overman, & Brown, 2003). That meta-analysis observed significant effects of well endowed and well-researched programs, but it did not account for race/ethnicity. This article synthesizes 34 cohort or quasi-experimental outcomes of studies that incorporated the policy-critical characteristic of race/ethnicity. compared with matched traditional schools, the black-white achievement gap narrowed significantly more among students in CSR schools. In addition, the aggregate effects were large, substantially to completely eliminating the achievement gap between African American and non-Hispanic white students in elementary and middle schools. Title I policies before or after the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 seem to have had essentially no impact on the black-white achievement gap. Curricular and testing mandates along with the threat of sanctions without concomitant resource supports seem to have failed. This study suggests that educational achievement inequities need not be America's destiny. It seems that they could be eliminated through concerted political will and ample resource commitments to evidence-based educational programs.

  7. Profile of laboratory instruction in secondary school level chemistry and indication for reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mei

    This study is a profile of the laboratory component of instruction in secondary school level chemistry. As one of several companion studies, the purpose of the study is to investigate present practices related to instruction as a means of producing reform that improve cognitive and non-cognitive learning outcomes. Five hundred-forty students, from 18 chemistry classes taught by 12 teachers in ten high schools were involved in this study. Three schools included public and private schools, urban school, suburban schools, and rural schools. Three levels or types of chemistry courses were offered in these schools: school regular chemistry for college bound students, Chemistry in the Community or "ChemCom" for non-college bound students, and a second year of chemistry or advanced placement chemistry. Laboratory sessions in each of these three levels of courses were observed, videotaped, and later analyzed using the Modified Revised Science Teachers Behaviors Inventory (MR-STBI). The 12 chemistry teachers, eight science supervisors, and selected students were interviewed to determine their professional backgrounds and other factors that might influence how they teach, how they think, and how they learn. The following conclusions developed from the research are: (1) The three levels of chemistry courses are offered across high schools of varying sizes and locations. (2) Teachers perceive that students come to chemistry classes poorly prepared to effectively carry out laboratory experiences and/or investigations. (3) While students indicated that they are able to effectively use math skills in analyzing the results of chemistry laboratory experiments, teachers, in general, are not satisfied with the level at which students are prepared to use these skills, or to use writing skills. (4) Students working in pairs, is the typical approach. Group cooperation is sometimes used in carrying out the laboratory component of chemistry instruction in the ChemCom and AP chemistry

  8. Status of medical education reform at Saga Medical School 5 years after introducing PBL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oda, Yasutomo; Koizumi, Shunzo

    2008-03-01

    In Japan, problem-based learning (PBL) is a relatively new method of educating medical students that is reforming the face of medical education throughout the world, including Asia. It shifts from teacher-centered learning strategies (for example, lectures in large auditoriums) to student-centered, self-directed learning methods (for example, active discussions and problem-solving by students in small groups under the guidance of faculty tutors). Upon a recommendation by the Japan Model Core Curriculum, Saga Medical School introduced a PBL curriculum 5 years ago. A full PBL curriculum was adopted from the McMaster model through Hawaii. A description of how PBL was implemented into the 3rd and 4th year (Phase III curriculum) is given. The overall result has been good. Students who experienced PBL had increased scores on the National Medical License Exam, and Saga increased its ranking from 56th to 19th of the 80 medical schools in Japan. A key step was introduction of the educational scaffolding in PBL Step 0. Students were allowed to see page one of the PBL case, containing the chief complaint, on the weekend before meeting in small groups. Despite a perceived overall benefit to student learning, symptoms of superficial discussions by students have been observed recently. How this may be caused by poor case design is discussed. Other problems, including "silent tutors" and increased faculty workload, are discussed. It is concluded that after 5 years, Saga's implementation of a PBL curriculum has been successful. However, many additional issues, including motivation of students and preparation for PBL in the first 2 years, must still be resolved in the future. This is the first description of the positive and negative outcomes associated with the reform of medical education and the introduction of PBL to a traditional medical school curriculum in Japan.

  9. Status of Medical Education Reform at Saga Medical School 5 Years After Introducing PBL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasutomo Oda

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available In Japan, problem-based learning (PBL is a relatively new method of educating medical students that is reforming the face of medical education throughout the world, including Asia. It shifts from teacher-centered learning strategies (for example, lectures in large auditoriums to student-centered, self-directed learning methods (for example, active discussions and problem-solving by students in small groups under the guidance of faculty tutors. Upon a recommendation by the Japan Model Core Curriculum, Saga Medical School introduced a PBL curriculum 5 years ago. A full PBL curriculum was adopted from the McMaster model through Hawaii. A description of how PBL was implemented into the 3rd and 4th year (Phase III curriculum is given. The overall result has been good. Students who experienced PBL had increased scores on the National Medical License Exam, and Saga increased its ranking from 56th to 19th of the 80 medical schools in Japan. A key step was introduction of the educational scaffolding in PBL Step 0. Students were allowed to see page one of the PBL case, containing the chief complaint, on the weekend before meeting in small groups. Despite a perceived overall benefit to student learning, symptoms of superficial discussions by students have been observed recently. How this may be caused by poor case design is discussed. Other problems, including “silent tutors” and increased faculty workload, are discussed. It is concluded that after 5 years, Saga's implementation of a PBL curriculum has been successful. However, many additional issues, including motivation of students and preparation for PBL in the first 2 years, must still be resolved in the future. This is the first description of the positive and negative outcomes associated with the reform of medical education and the introduction of PBL to a traditional medical school curriculum in Japan.

  10. Achieving Flourishing City Schools and Communities--Corporate Reform, Neoliberal Urbanism, and the Right to the City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Means, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    This essay critiques the ideological assertions of corporate school reform and discusses how these logics perpetuate failure in urban education. Drawing on theories of neoliberal urbanism, the right to the city, and the commons, the essay argues that educational researchers and advocates need to reframe the values of urban education in line with a…

  11. Disruptive Fixation: School Reform and the Pitfalls of Techno-Idealism. Princeton Studies in Culture and Technology Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, Christo

    2017-01-01

    In New York City in 2009, a new kind of public school opened its doors to its inaugural class of middle schoolers. Conceived by a team of game designers and progressive educational reformers and backed by prominent philanthropic foundations, it promised to reinvent the classroom for the digital age. Ethnographer Christo Sims documented the life of…

  12. Admissions Policies and Risks to Equity and Educational Inclusion in the Context of School Reform in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rayner, Stephen M.

    2017-01-01

    Policy discourses in support of school reform in England have linked the objective of raising standards with that of tackling inequality. The assumption that a single policy strategy can tackle both objectives simultaneously is problematic. In this article, I examine issues of equity by studying admissions policy and practice. Drawing on a…

  13. Evidence as Source of Power in School Reforms: The Quest for the Extension of Compulsory Education in Zurich

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imlig, Flavian; Ruoss, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the use of evidence in educational policy and politics, and how this use has changed over time. Using an analytical framework that combines research approaches from both political and educational science, evidence-related arguments in two major school reforms in the canton of Zurich, Switzerland are described. In…

  14. Business Curriculum and Assessment Reform in Hong Kong Schools: A Critical Review from a Competence-Based Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Christina Wai Mui

    2010-01-01

    From September 2009 onwards, a new business curriculum which focuses on three key business disciplines, namely management, accounting and finance, has been implemented in Hong Kong senior secondary schools. A new assessment guide has been also proposed in light of the new curriculum. Such business curriculum and assessment reform move in the…

  15. A Cultural Analysis of the Achievement Gap Discourse: Challenging the Language and Labels Used in the Work of School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Roderick L.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I critique the labels and terms used to frame practices aimed at closing the achievement gap. I examine how an unacknowledged "achievement gap Discourse" has emerged from the language that informs practices and policies of contemporary school reform. I use Gee's uppercase "Discourse" and a cultural analytic…

  16. The Success for All Model of School Reform: Early Findings from the Investing in Innovation (i3) Scale-Up

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quint, Janet C.; Balu, Rekha; DeLaurentis, Micah; Rappaport, Shelley; Smith, Thomas J.; Zhu, Pei

    2013-01-01

    First implemented in 1987, Success for All (SFA) is one of the best-known and most thoroughly evaluated school reform models. It combines three basic elements: (1) Reading instruction that emphasizes phonics for beginning readers and comprehension for students at all levels, and that is characterized by a highly structured curriculum, an emphasis…

  17. Current Technology Trends for School Library Media Specialists

    OpenAIRE

    Leticia Ekhaml; Joan Hubbard

    2003-01-01

    An overview of some of the current technology trends used in classroom instruction and school library media centers in provided in this article such as the use of handheld electronic organizers, CD recorders, digital video cameras, and interactive whiteboards. The article offers some suggestions or ideas on how to acquire new technologies to school library media centers that are low in budgetary funds.

  18. The Current and Future Role of Business Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rayment, John; Smith, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Considerable debate since the global financial crisis has been evident concerning the role of business schools. This article aims to outline the authors' research on their role. Design/methodology/approach: The paper begins with an overview of the significant literature highlighting the current debates impacting on business schools and…

  19. Urban School Reform: Student Responses to Detracking in a Racially Mixed High School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Robert

    1999-01-01

    Surveyed 1,090 high school students involved in a detracking effort in an urban school at which heterogeneous core classes in English and history were implemented. Data suggest that the core program promoted greater academic success for more students while maintaining rigorous academic standards and a culturally sensitive curriculum. (SLD)

  20. Lessons Learned: How Early College High Schools Offer a Pathway for High School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaniuka, Theodore Stefan; Vickers, Melinda

    2010-01-01

    In 2002, Early College High Schools Initiative became a reality across the United States for students and educators looking for ways to improve student graduation rates, college attendance, and overall student achievement. This mixed method case study found that (a) the early college high school environment supported the academic success of…

  1. SCHOOLS AND CYBERBULLYING: PROBLEM PERCEPTION, CURRENT ACTIONS AND FUTURE NEEDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidi Vandebosch

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Cyberbullying is a common phenomenon amongst young people. It exhibits many similarities to traditional school bullying, with a potentially serious impact on the mental health and school functioning of victims. For this reason, action by schools is often recommended. The aim of this article is to provide a better picture of what schools are currently doing to address cyberbullying and of what schools will need to continue doing so in the future. An online survey was conducted among staff members of 309 primary and secondary schools in Flanders, which is the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. The questionnaire measured the schools’ experiences with cyberbullying and their perceived responsibility and efficacy in dealing with this issue as well as their concrete preventive, detective, and reactive actions. The results indicate that, although most schools are aware of relatively few cases of cyberbullying, they do consider cyberbullying to be a problem. Many schools consider it their duty to inform students about cyberbullying and to help find solutions to cyberbullying incidents involving students, even if they take place away from the school grounds or outside school hours. Although most schools organize concrete actions with regard to cyberbullying, they often seem uncertain about the appropriateness and effectiveness of their actions. They would welcome evidence-based intervention programmes that would appeal to their students.

  2. Ukrainian Economic Reforms: Current Status and Perspectives in the Face of Competition on European Union Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greta Marianna

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The conflict in Ukraine since the beginning of 2014 has been the important in the history of Ukraine as an independent state. Despite the danger of economic collapse, the loss of Crimea, and war in its most industrialized region, Ukraine is still trying to conduct reforms and implement Western standards. Through persistent work Ukraine has been moving forward, despite all the difficulties. The society is staying together with the government to save the economy and defend the integrity of the whole country. This article outlines key processes in the Ukrainian reforms during 2014 and describes the cooperation of Ukraine with the European Union and international organizations in the field of financial support and reforms. The main goal of the article is to present the situation in various spheres of the country’s development, but it is also an attempt to present a wider perspective on both the achievements and shortcomings in the process of reforms. The authors focus on those aspects having a significant impact on the Ukrainian economy after February 2014.

  3. Selecting Presidential Nominees: The Evolution of the Current System and Prospects for Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piroth, Scott

    2000-01-01

    Discusses how political parties select presidential candidates focusing on the roles of party leaders, activities, supporters, and campaign contributors. Discusses the history of presidential nominations focusing on how the present system evolved. Reviews a particular reform proposal called the Delaware Plan that intends to stop the front loading…

  4. The Practice of School Psychology in Quebec English Schools: Current Challenges and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Cindy A.

    2016-01-01

    In Quebec, school psychology is alive and well. This article outlines current challenges and opportunities related to the practice of psychology in Quebec English schools. Changes to the practice of psychology in Quebec over the last decade have had an impact on the delivery of psychological services in schools. Modifications of the admission…

  5. SOCIAL PERCEPTION OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM REFORM. SURVEY CONDUCTED IN UPPER HIGH SCHOOLS OF BIHOR COUNTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabau Remus Mircea

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Between the elements which mark the global processes, we can include educational issues, the management of processes in pre-university education. Therefore, the synthetic approach to educational problems in Romania, studied in terms of the processes and the phenomena of social development, but also due to the need for submiting the pre-university Romanian educational process to the European Union requirements, appears to be current and important. This analysis focuses on the decentralization of education. This theme is a true significant of the stage and of the the changing potential of the management practice in the public area. Its actuality is also hard to contest under the conditions in which changes in this area have been slow compared to those of the other countries that joined the European Union (Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, contradictory and inconsistent (Herczynski and Levitas, 2001: 1-2. The legislative changes, training facilities, as well as the constant institutional reorganization of pre-university education show the presence of an active interest in this matter. However, the real reform of university education still requires essential improvements. This study analyzes the social perception of performers in pre-university system, establishes positive and negative aspects of the reform in pre-university education, all from the perspective of teachers. The research was conducted between March 1st, 2011 and April 1st, 2011. During this time the questionnaire was applied and the data interpreted. The data obtained from the questionnaire interpretation were introduced into the SPSS program. For the analysis and interpretation of data we used SPSS 15.0. under Windows license. My investigation efforts were directed towards the impact of decentralization on the performers in pre-university education system and on their perception. The main purpose of the experimental study was to determine the essential perceptions of the performers

  6. REFORM: Schools Cannot Do It Alone. School Districts/CESA 7/Cardinal Stritch, 1992-Present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coles, James; Bojar, Anthea L.

    This paper outlines staff development programs offered by the teacher education faculty at Cardinal Stritch College (Wisconsin) to 26 districts from CESA 7 over 5 years. More than 850 administrators, staff, parents, board members, teachers, and students have participated. After assessing district and school needs through ongoing evaluation,…

  7. Current Technology Trends for School Library Media Specialists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Ekhaml

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available An overview of some of the current technology trends used in classroom instruction and school library media centers in provided in this article such as the use of handheld electronic organizers, CD recorders, digital video cameras, and interactive whiteboards. The article offers some suggestions or ideas on how to acquire new technologies to school library media centers that are low in budgetary funds.

  8. Using "short" interrupted time-series analysis to measure the impacts of whole-school reforms. With applications to a study of accelerated schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Howard S

    2003-02-01

    The present article introduces a new approach for measuring the impacts of whole-school reforms. The approach is based on "short" interrupted time-series analysis, which has been used to evaluate programs in many fields. The approach is used to measure impacts on three facets of student performance: (a) average (mean) test scores, which summarize impacts on total performance; (b) the distribution of scores across specific ranges, which helps to identify where in the distribution of student performance impacts were experienced; and (c) the variation (standard deviation) of scores, which indicates how the disparity in student performance was affected. To help researchers use the approach, the article lays out its conceptual rationale, describes its statistical procedures, explains how to interpret its findings, indicates its strengths and limitations, and illustrates how it was used to evaluate a major whole-school reform--Accelerated Schools.

  9. School for Schooling's Sake. The Current Role of the Secondary School in Occupational Preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Rupert N.

    For a large portion of its student body, the school makes no conscious effort to prepare for the transition from school to employment. Instead, the school concentrates on preparing students for more school. About 20 percent of high school students receive some form of vocational education, but under pressure from the Congress, schools are…

  10. An Examination of Current Assessment Practices in Northeastern School Districts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madaus, Joseph; Rinaldi, Claudia; Bigaj, Stephen; Chafouleas, Sandra M.

    2009-01-01

    Despite the central role of assessment in special education, there is a paucity of current research on instruments and methods used in schools. Special education directors (N = 164) in five northeastern states responded to an electronic survey related to the use of assessment instruments and methods in their districts. Data are presented regarding…

  11. Enacting the Carnegie Foundation call for reform of medical school and residency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Bridget C; Irby, David M

    2013-01-01

    On the 100th anniversary of the Flexner Report, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching published a new study of medical education. This study, titled Educating Physicians: A Call for Reform of Medical Schools and Residency Programs, contained four primary recommendations intended to stimulate innovation and improvement in medical education. In this article, the authors examined the ways others have applied the four recommendations from Educating Physicians within and beyond medical education. In their review of 246 publications citing the Carnegie work, they found that the recommendation for integration was addressed most frequently, often through descriptions of integration of curricular content in undergraduate medical education. The recommendation to focus on professional identity formation was the second most frequently addressed, followed by standardization and individualization, then inquiry, innovation, and improvement. The publications related to these latter three recommendations tended to be conceptual rather than descriptive or empirical. Publications spanned the continuum of medical education (from medical school to residency to physicians in practice) and even into other fields, but undergraduate medical education received the most attention. The authors discuss common themes among the citing publications and highlight opportunities for further discussion and innovation. Many exciting developments have occurred in medical education and beyond since the publication of Educating Physicians in 2010. Thus far, most of the publications citing the Carnegie recommendations describe incremental changes in medical education, particularly in the area of integration. Some of the conceptual work around these recommendations, coupled with a variety of external factors such as changes in health care and accreditation systems, suggests the potential for changes that are more transformative in nature.

  12. Dewey and Italian School Policy: Proposals for Reform by Scuola e Città (1950–1960

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    Andrea Mariuzzo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the role of Ernesto Codignola’s «Florence School of Pedagogy» in the renewal of Italian democratic and secular education after World War II, particularly its commitment to the diffusion of John Dewey’s educational thinking across Italy, previously dominated by the influence of traditional neo-idealism. Through a systematic analysis of the journal Scuola e Città, the group’s mouthpiece, the paper highlights the importance of Dewey’s ideas in the elaboration of educational policy proposals and potential legislative measures for school reform. It analyses the extent to which the «Deweyan laboratory» in Florence contributed to the emergence and foundation of the positions held by one of its exponents, Ernesto Codignola’s son Tristano – the Italian Socialist Party’s Education minister, in the parliamentary debate of the Sixties. The paper focuses on three main themes: (i assessment of the government’s primary school curricula, drawn up in the mid-fifties, characterized by an overhaul of the existing educational practices, which Scuola e città authors considered to be insufficient and contradictory; (ii universal access to a junior secondary education along the lines of the comprehensive school model to guide the active stimulation of students’ abilities and interests; and (iii school administration reform in response to the persistence of pre-war centralism and the authoritarian character of traditional Italian pedagogy.

  13. Current Situation in Vocational Schools: Issues and Some Suggested Solutions

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    Reha Metin ALKAN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Vocational Schools which have undertaken various missions throughout history were established in order to train intermediate staff s with suff icient knowledge and skills in their fields, in accordance with the requirements of trade, industry and services sectors and they are the most important components of ‘vocational and technical education system' today. Analyzing the education given in the vocational schools in accordance with the national and international requirements, developing technologies and the needs of business world and making the necessary arrangements in line with these will contribute to the employability and preferability of graduates of these schools in an eff icient way. Many industrialists/businessmen in our country stated that they experienced serious problems in the supply of qualified staff with suff icient knowledge and skills needed in sectors. Although much progress has been achieved in this subject, it is a fact that there are still a lot of work to be done. In this study, current situation and main troubles in vocational schools are discussed in the light of the experiences gained at Hitit University Vocational School which was established about 40 years ago in Çorum and which is one of the first high schools in Turkey and some solutions are suggested in accordance with the problems mentioned.

  14. Reforming the 4th-Year Curriculum as a Springboard to Graduate Medical Training: One School's Experiences and Lessons Learned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wackett, Andrew; Daroowalla, Feroza; Lu, Wei-Hsin; Chandran, Latha

    2016-01-01

    Concerns regarding the quality of training in the 4th year of medical school and preparation of graduates to enter residency education persist and are borne out in the literature. We reviewed the published literature regarding Year 4 concerns as well as institutional efforts to improve the 4th-year curriculum from several schools. Based on input from key stakeholders, we established 4 goals for our Year 4 curriculum reform: (a) standardize the curricular structure, (b) allow flexibility and individualization, (c) improve the preparation for residency, and (d) improve student satisfaction. After the reform, we evaluated the outcomes using results from the Association of American Medical Colleges Questionnaire, student focus groups, and program director surveys. This article describes the context, process, and outcomes of the reform of the Year 4 curriculum at Stony Brook University School of Medicine. We were able to achieve all four stated goals for the reform. The significant components of the change included a flexible adaptable curriculum based on individual needs and preferences, standardized learning objectives across the year, standardized competency-based evaluations regardless of discipline, reinforcement of clinical skills, and training for the transition to the workplace as an intern. The reform resulted in increased student satisfaction, increased elective time, and increased preparedness for residency training as perceived by the graduates. The Program Director survey showed significant changes in ability to perform a medical history and exam, management of common medical conditions and emergencies, clinical reasoning and problem-solving skills, working and communication with the healthcare team, and overall professionalism in meeting obligations inherent in the practice of medicine. Lessons learned from our 4th-year reform process are discussed. Listening to the needs of the stakeholders was an important step in ensuring buy-in, having an institutional

  15. High School Sport Specialization Patterns of Current Division I Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Post, Eric G; Thein-Nissenbaum, Jill M; Stiffler, Mikel R; Brooks, M Alison; Bell, David R; Sanfilippo, Jennifer L; Trigsted, Stephanie M; Heiderscheit, Bryan C; McGuine, Timothy A

    Sport specialization is a strategy to acquire superior sport performance in 1 sport but is associated with increased injury risk. Currently, the degree of high school specialization among Division I athletes is unknown. College athletes will display increased rates of specialization as they progress through their high school careers. Descriptive epidemiological study. Level 4. Three hundred forty-three athletes (115 female) representing 9 sports from a Midwest Division I University completed a previously utilized sport specialization questionnaire regarding sport participation patterns for each grade of high school. McNemar and chi-square tests were used to investigate associations of grade, sport, and sex with prevalence of sport specialization category (low, moderate, high) (a priori P ≤ 0.05). Specialization increased throughout high school, with 16.9% (n = 58) and 41.1% (n = 141) of athletes highly specialized in 9th and 12th grades, respectively. Football athletes were less likely to be highly specialized than nonfootball athletes for each year of high school ( P 0.23). The majority of Division I athletes were not classified as highly specialized throughout high school, but the prevalence of high specialization increased as athletes progressed through high school. Nonfootball athletes were more likely to be highly specialized than football athletes at each grade level. Most athletes who are recruited to participate in collegiate athletics will eventually specialize in their sport, but it does not appear that early specialization is necessary to become a Division I athlete. Athletes should be counseled regarding safe participation in sport during high school to minimize injury and maximize performance.

  16. The Road Ahead for School Finance Reform: Legislative Trends 2011 and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crampton, Faith E.; Thompson, David C.

    2011-01-01

    The reform of education funding systems to achieve greater equity and adequacy is an ongoing struggle in many states. Because funding of public elementary and secondary education is constitutionally a state responsibility, the struggle plays out largely in state legislatures. At the same time, education finance reform does not take place in a…

  17. Education as Recovery: Neoliberalism, School Reform, and the Politics of Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Graham B.

    2015-01-01

    Building upon critical education policy studies of crisis, disaster, and reform, this essay develops a theory of "recovery" that further elaborates the nature and operation of "crisis politics" in neoliberal education reform. Recovery is an integral process in capital accumulation, exploiting material, and subjective…

  18. The Road Ahead for School Finance Reform: Legislative Trends 2011 and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crampton, Faith E.; Thompson, David C.

    2011-01-01

    The reform of education funding systems to achieve greater equity and adequacy is an ongoing struggle in many states. Because funding of public elementary and secondary education is constitutionally a state responsibility, the struggle plays out largely in state legislatures. At the same time, education finance reform does not take place in a…

  19. Science education reform in an elementary school: An investigation of collaboration and inquiry in a school with an emphasis on language arts and fine arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martini, Mariana

    This investigation was framed within the science education reform, which proposes to change the way science is taught and promotes the implementation of inquiry-based teaching approaches. The implementation of inquiry science teaching represents a move away from traditional didactic teaching styles, a transition that requires change in the assumptions underlying the philosophy of traditional science instruction. Another theme in the reform literature is the establishment of collaboration between teachers and researchers or scientists as a way to implement reform practices. Situated within this reform climate, this research aimed to investigate science education at an elementary school with a history of implementing reform ideas in the areas of language arts and fine arts. I employed an ethnographic methodology to examine the nature of a teacher-researcher relationship in the context of the school's culture and teachers' practices. The findings indicate that change was not pervasive. Reform ideas were implemented only in the areas of language arts and fine arts. Situated within a district that promoted an accountability climate, the school disregarded science education and opposed the use of constructivist-based pedagogies, and did not have a strong science program. Since science was not tested, teachers spent little (if any) time teaching science. All participants firmly perceived the existence of several barriers to the implementation of inquiry: (a) lack of time: teachers spent excessive time to prepare students for tests, (b) nature of science teaching: materials and set preparation, (c) lack of content knowledge, (d) lack of pedagogical content knowledge, and (e) lack of opportunities to develop professional knowledge. In spite of the barriers, the school had two assets: an outdoor facility and two enthusiastic teachers who were lead science teachers, in spite of the their lack of content and pedagogical science knowledge. Collaboration between the researcher

  20. EU budget reform in the context of the current economic crisis

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    Ionela POPA

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The European Union regarded as an economic reenhancement force in Europe and in the world must fund the needs of 500 million citizens. To do that, it should possess an innovative budget adjusted to the new facts of globalization meant to meet present challenges and create various opportunities for the future.In order to improve budgetary procedures, the need to reform the community bugdet has emerged, namely to change the way it is designed and spent. The manner of setting and distributing the community budget has been changed several times whenever the context in member states has demanded. Thus, European institutions concluded in 1988 interinstitutional agreements which have been covering budgetary process and budget allocation ever since. Agreements are concluded for several years and bear the name of “financial prospects”. Other two agreements have been made (during 2007-2013 and, respectively, 2014- 2020 in compliance with Delors I and Delors II Packages.The present paper focuses on approaching the progress of budgetary indicators in the context of the multiannual financial framework where the European Union budget is set.

  1. Walden International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme, 1996-97. The First Year of Consideration on the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme and School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popwell, Emma P.; Amuleru-Marshall, Nancy; Canada, Benjamin O.

    In early 1996, the Atlanta school board approved a plan to reconstitute Walden Middle School, opening it to students across the city and substantially changing the composition of the faculty. This report for 1996-97 recounts the first year of the reform effort, during which all positions were declared vacant and a new staff and faculty were…

  2. Bringing Froebel into London's Infant Schools: The Reforming Practice of Two Head Teachers, Elizabeth Shaw and Frances Roe, from the 1890s to the 1930s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Jane

    2013-01-01

    This article explores how infant school reform took hold in London's schools from the 1890s to the 1930s through examination of the work of two Froebelian head teachers, Elizabeth Mary Shaw and Frances Emily Roe. In contrast to teacher-led rote-learning methods and rigid discipline they implemented play-based activities drawing on children's…

  3. Middle school physical education teaching problems and countermeasures under the new curriculum reform%浅谈新课改下中学体育教学的问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管玉法

    2015-01-01

    The new curriculum reform puts forward new requirements to the middle school physical education teaching, in this case the middle school physical education teaching should insist on advancing with The Times, take active measures to improve the current situation of middle school physical education teaching. This paper analyzes the importance of middle school physical education teaching, summarizes and induces the existed defects and insufficiency in the middle school physical education teaching, on the basis of the middle school physical education teaching under the new curriculum reform put forward the countermeasures to resolve the problem.%新课改对于中学体育教学提出了新的要求,在这样的情况下中学体育教学应该坚持与时俱进,积极采取措施去改善中学体育教学的现状.文章首先分析了中学体育教学的重要性,总结和归纳了中学体育教学存在的缺陷和不足,在此基础上提出了新课改下中学体育教学问题的解决对策.

  4. CURRENT ECONOMIC AND MEDICAL REFORMS IN THE ROMANIAN HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

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    Dragoi Mihaela Cristina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of health has always been, both in social reality and in academia and research, a sensitive topic considering the relationship each individual has with his own health and the health care system as a public policy. At public opinion levels and not only, health care is the most important sector demanding the outmost attention, considering that individual health is the fundamental prerequisite for well-being, happiness and a satisfying life. The ever present research and practical question is on the optimal financing of the health care system. Any answer to this question is also a political decision, reflecting the social-economic value of health for a particular country. The size of the resource pool and the criteria and methods for resource allocation are the central economic problems for any health system. This paper takes into consideration the limited resources of the national health care system (the rationalization of health services, the common methods of health financing, the specificity of health services market (the health market being highly asymmetric, with health professionals knowing most if not all of the relevant information, such as diagnosis, treatment options and costs and consumers fully dependent on the information provided in each case and the performance of all hospitals in Romania, in order to assess the latest strategic decisions (introduction of co-payment and merging and reconversion of hospitals taken within the Romanian health care system and their social and economic implications. The main finding show that, even though the intention of reforming and transforming the Romanian health care system into a more efficient one is obvious, the lack of economic and demographic analysis may results into greater discrepancies nationwide. This paper is aimed to renew the necessity of joint collaboration between the economic and medical field, since the relationship between health and economic development runs both ways

  5. Correlates of current smoking among Malaysian secondary school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tee, Guat Hiong; Kaur, Gurpreet

    2014-09-01

    Cigarette smoking in adolescent is a significant public health problem, leading to the risk of addiction, morbidity, and mortality in the long term. This study determined the prevalence and correlates of current smoking among adolescent school children. A nationwide school-based survey among 25 507 students between Forms 1 to 5 (aged 12-17) was conducted using a 2-stage cluster sampling design. The prevalence of current smoking was 11.5%. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that current smoking was significantly associated with males (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 3.25; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.87, 4.98), current drinking (aOR = 2.34; 95% CI = 1.46, 3.74), drug used (aOR = 2.97; 95% CI = 1.24, 7.11), and being bullied (aOR = 1.41; 95% CI = 1.00, 1.98) at least once in the past 12 months. Smoking is associated with several behaviors that pose risks to adolescents, such as social issues and smoking-related health problems. Thus, early and integrated prevention programs that address multiple risk behaviors simultaneously are required.

  6. Trade reform, policy uncertainty, and the current account: a non expected-utility approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Wijnbergen, S.J.G.

    1992-01-01

    Rapid and comprehensive reduction in barriers to international trade has often been followed by a sharp deterioration in the current account. The macroeconomic counterpart of the deterioration has typically been a decline in private savings; no clear response pattern has been observed for private in

  7. Indiana high school science teachers' beliefs about the intended and actual impacts of standards-based reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shane, Joseph W.

    Teachers' beliefs about educational policy are essential components of successful, local implementation. Policies not accounting for teachers' beliefs about learning, instruction, and effective reform risk being ignored or ineffectually implemented. In this research, I characterize the beliefs that science teachers from three high schools in Indiana have about general aspects of standards-based reforms and about the Indiana Academic Standards for Science (IASS). On-site focus group interviews were the primary method of data collection. An amalgam of Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics and narrative representation of qualitative data guided the inquiry by defining the researcher as the voice of the 23 participating teachers, locating the teachers' beliefs in their specific historical contexts, and displaying the results in a storied form unified by plots. I synthesized the data sources into a single narrative organized around the participants' personal teaching philosophies, their perceptions of students and administration, and their visions of standards beyond their own beliefs and school contexts. Based on the narrative, I concluded that (a) teachers with affective or preparative beliefs had neutral stances toward the IASS, (b) scientifically-oriented teachers believed the IASS contradicted their work, (c) less experienced teachers and those with affective-preparative philosophies were willing to compromise their autonomy and curricular depth to implement the IASS, (d) a continuum of administrative oversight existed across the three schools, (e) teachers at the urban high school adapted the standards to their students' personal needs and future plans, and (f) teachers almost universally recommended broader, flexible standards to allow more autonomy in making curricular decisions, to better reflect scientific inquiry in their classrooms, and to promote continuity across the high school science curriculum.

  8. Policy and Workforce Reform in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunter, Helen M.

    2008-01-01

    Current workforce reform, known as Remodelling the School Workforce, is part of an enduring policy process where there have been tensions between public and private sector structures and cultures. I show that the New Right and New Labour governments who have built and configured site based performance management over the past quarter of a century…

  9. Thinking Big about Getting Small: An Ideological Genealogy of Small-School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kafka, Judith

    2008-01-01

    Background: Support for small schools, and specifically for the creation of small, autonomous schools of choice, has grown considerably in the past decade--particularly in the context of urban schooling. Funded by private and public monies, small-school initiatives have been implemented in most of the nation's city school districts and have become…

  10. Current Situation and Discussion of Chinese Football Professionalism Reform%中国足球职业化改革的现状分析与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云广

    2012-01-01

    The main problems in Chinese football professionalism reform current situation was studied by the methods of documentary. The reform direction was pointed out at the same time, in order to provide some validity advices for healthy and rapid development of the Chinese football professionalism reform.%运用文献资料法对现行中国当前足球职业化改革现状中存在的主要问题进行分析,并指出相应的改革方向,为我国足球职业化改革、快速发展提供一些有效性的建议。

  11. Rural Schools: Small Schools, Teacher Preparation, Place-Based Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poliakoff, Anne Rogers, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This theme issue of Basic Education contains five articles on rural schools. "Small Schools: A Political Irony" (Marty Strange) notes the current enthusiasm among education reformers for small schools and the evidence of their effectiveness. Given this context, the question is posed as to why rural communities where small schools are…

  12. The 1921 Agrarian Reform in Transylvania and its Reflection in the Considerations of the Members of the Bucharest School of Sociology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TELEGDY, Balázs

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The 1921 agrarian reform aimed to be a significant step towards Romania’s agricultural development. The main motive of this reform – at least on a declarative level – was a socially oriented one: to expropriate a part of the big landowners’ estates, and to distribute in among the poverty-stricken people, with a special concern towards the First World War veterans, or their widows. At the same time, the agrarian reform recognised the differences in development between the different regions of the newly-formed Greater Romania, and as such there were two different laws regulating the reform processes in the Old Kingdom and in the newly annexed territories. The members of the Bucharest School of Sociology, based on the scarce data available to them to the time, approached the economically questionable results of this reform in a critical manner. József Venczel, who had acquired the bases of his professional knowledge at the same school, also proves, with regard to the Transylvanian land reform, that this had a second, national policy oriented goal, and its implementation was also ethnically biased.

  13. What Happened to the Beacon Schools? Policy Reform and Educational Equity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Emma

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers the impact of the Beacon schools initiative on the social and academic characteristics of secondary schools in England. The Beacon schools programme ran from 1998 to 2004 and epitomised the (then) Labour government's focus on school improvement through diversity, collaboration and partnership. This paper looks at variation in…

  14. What Happened to the Beacon Schools? Policy Reform and Educational Equity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Emma

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers the impact of the Beacon schools initiative on the social and academic characteristics of secondary schools in England. The Beacon schools programme ran from 1998 to 2004 and epitomised the (then) Labour government's focus on school improvement through diversity, collaboration and partnership. This paper looks at variation in…

  15. School Finance Reform: A Weighted Pupil Formula for California. Report 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Governor Jerry Brown has called for a major overhaul of California's school finance policies. His proposal for a weighted pupil funding system would simplify the rules that govern the distribution of funds to schools and school districts, while targeting a larger share of available resources to the schools and students with the greatest needs. In…

  16. With the Design in Mind: "High School Reform Model Features That Matter in Implementation." Conference Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiffman, Catherine Dunn

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a framework for analyzing program design features that seem to matter in implementation. The framework is based on findings from a study conducted by the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) between 2004 and 2007 that explored how reform ideas and practices created by five external provider organizations were…

  17. Competition between Public Supervision and Professional Management: An Ethnographic Study of School Governance Reforms in Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hangartner, Judith; Svaton, Carla Jana

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses insights from an ethnographic study of local governance practices in the Canton of Bern, Switzerland, under changing policy conditions. Recent reforms introduced and strengthened the position of head teachers, enhanced the responsibility of the municipalities and introduced new quality management procedures in local…

  18. Performance Screens for School Improvement: The Case of Teacher Tenure Reform in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loeb, Susanna; Miller, Luke C.; Wyckoff, James

    2015-01-01

    Tenure is intended to protect teachers with demonstrated teaching skills against arbitrary or capricious dismissal. Critics of typical tenure processes argue that tenure assessments are superficial and rarely discern whether teachers in fact have the requisite teaching skills. A recent reform of the tenure process in New York City provides an…

  19. Changing Course on School Reform: Strategic Organizing around the New York City Mayoral Election

    Science.gov (United States)

    Easton, Billy

    2014-01-01

    New York City's new mayor, Bill de Blasio, represents a dramatic shift from his predecessor Michael Bloomberg in the area of education. Bloomberg was a national trendsetter on market reforms focused on privatization, testing, and competition. De Blasio was elected on an agenda of classroom investments, student supports, parent and community…

  20. The End of Public Schools? The Corporate Reform Agenda to Privatize Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hursh, David

    2017-01-01

    In this speech, Hursh shows how public education in the United States is undergoing profound changes. Education policy has been hijacked by the unelected and unaccountable corporate reformers who aspire to overhaul the education system through a corporate model of privatization and market competition. They aim to privatize education through…

  1. Disconnect and Capture of Education Decentralisation Reforms in Nepal: Implications for Community Involvement in Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Rebecca M.

    2011-01-01

    This article argues that processes of disconnect and capture have affected Nepal's efforts to decentralise its education system, leading to a failure to engage the very stakeholders--parents and communities--that the reforms sought to reach. Specifically, disconnect occurred in the development and implementation of the latest…

  2. Towards Research-Based Innovation and Reform: Singapore Schooling in Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Allan; Freebody, Peter; Shun, Lau; Gopinathan, S.

    2005-01-01

    The challenges facing the Singapore education system in the new millennium are unique and unprecedented in Asia. Demands for new skills, knowledges, and flexible competencies for globalised economies and cosmopolitan cultures will require system-wide innovation and reform. But there is a dearth of international benchmarks and prototypes for such…

  3. Public Management Reform without Managers: The Case of German Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintrop, Rick

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the role of principals in light of public management reforms taking place in the German educational system and in reference to the empirical patterns uncovered by the papers contained in the Special Issue. Policy makers have created new expectations and new technologies that seem to suggest to…

  4. Navigating the Waves of Change: Political Education and Democratic School Reform in Postwar West Berlin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puaca, Brian M.

    2008-01-01

    This article concentrates on two pieces of legislation promulgated in the early 1960s in order to investigate the broader ideas and concerns surrounding political education in the postwar Federal Republic of Germany. These pieces of educational policy highlight the consensus for continued reform while recognizing the value of curricular and…

  5. Assessment of Student Performance. Volume I: Findings and Conclusions. Studies of Education Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khattri, Nidhi; And Others

    New to the current assessment-reform movement is an emphasis on the use of performance assessments to support systematic state-, district-, or school-wide objectives. This document presents findings of a study that sought to document and analyze the key characteristics of performance assessments, the facilitators and barriers in assessment reform,…

  6. The Widening Gap of Intolerance: An Analysis of Standards-Based Reforms and Special Education in Secondary Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooney, Bernard F.

    This report discusses current secondary school restructuring efforts of nine school districts that are implementing the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and New York State initiatives to provide students with disabilities access to general education curriculum and settings. It demonstrates how Skrtic's (1995) mutually reinforcing…

  7. Reflections on academic careers by current dental school faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogér, James M; Wehmeyer, Meggan M H; Milliner, Matthew S

    2008-04-01

    During the inaugural year (2006-07) of the Academic Dental Careers Fellowship Program (ADCFP), 110 faculty members at ten different dental schools were interviewed by dental students who were participating as ADCFP fellows in this year-long program designed to introduce them to faculty roles and activities and help them gain an appreciation for the rewards and issues associated with academic life. The goals, format, and components of the ADCFP are described in a companion article in this issue of the Journal of Dental Education. One of the fellows' assignments during the ADCFP was to interview faculty at various academic ranks who had differing degrees of work emphasis in teaching, research, service/patient care, and administration. Sixty-nine (63 percent of the total) of these interviews were reviewed and analyzed by the authors, who were student fellows in the ADCFP during 2006-07. The purpose of these interviews was to provide the fellows with insight into the positive aspects and challenges in becoming and remaining a dental school faculty member. This aggregate perspective of the interviews conducted at ten dental schools highlights the motivations and challenges that confront a dentist during the process of choosing a career in academic dentistry and determining if dental education is a good fit for each individual who elects to pursue this pathway. Thematic analysis of the interviews revealed several factors consistently identified by faculty across the schools as being positive influences on the quality of the academic work environment and career satisfaction: mentorship and student interaction, opportunities for scholarship (research and discovery), job diversity, intellectual challenge, satisfaction with the nature of academic work, lifestyle/family compatibility, flexibility, lifelong learning, professional duty, and lab responsibility. A series of negative themes were also consistently identified: bureaucracy/administrative burdens and barriers, time

  8. The Future of School Social Work Practice: Current Trends and Opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses the information on school social work practice in the United States and summarizes recent trends and their implications for the future of school social work. The number of school social workers and current infrastructure available for the development of school social work practice is reviewed. Five sociocultural trends are summarized that are affecting public schools as well as important school-based practice trends such as standardized testing, and high stakes accounta...

  9. "Decentralised" Neoliberalism and/or "Masked" Re-Centralisation? The Policy to Practice Trajectory of Maltese School Reform through the Lens of Neoliberalism and Foucault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mifsud, Denise

    2016-01-01

    The politics of the later part of the twentieth century have been marked by the emergence of neoliberalism, which has consequently impregnated the global policy climate with neoliberal technologies of government. It is within this political scenario of hegemonic neoliberal discourse that I explore one aspect of school reform in Malta--contrived…

  10. Quality reform and "the learning pre-school child" in the making

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krejsler, John B.

    2012-01-01

    to national governments, local municipalities and ECEC institutions. Drawing on theoretical insights from Foucauldian genealogy, Laclau and others, the article explores how these policy processes reconfigure what counts as quality in ECEC in a Danish context. It is substantiated how the Danish government...... promotes governance structures among municipalities and professionals that pull ECEC into comprehensive educational strategies. This process draws on policy advice from the OECD and EU. Quality reform thus changes in fundamental ways the organisation and content in ECEC. In discourse, learning displaces......The article argues that Early Childhood Education & Care (ECEC) is being redesigned based on quality reform discourse with references to global knowledge economy across Nordic countries and the EU. This takes place in policy processes that extend from transnational agents like the OECD and EU...

  11. Alternatively Certified Teachers in Urban Small Schools: Where Policy Reform Meets the Road

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Julie H.; Keiler, Leslie S.

    2009-01-01

    In this study we explore the experiences of new teachers in urban schools at the intersection of three major policy agendas--alternative certification, new teacher retention, and the small schools movement. We examine alternatively certified teachers' perceptions of the rewards and challenges of teaching in small schools, the support neophyte…

  12. Peeling Back the Layers of Policy and School Reform: Revealing the Structural and Social Complexities within

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodside-Jiron, Haley; Gehsmann, Kristin M.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the complex process of school change over a six-year period in one high-poverty, urban elementary school in a northeastern city of the United States. The school included in this instrumental case study was identified by its State Department of Education as "being in need of improvement" in March 2000. Findings…

  13. The Transformation of Schools' Social Networks during a Data-Based Decision Making Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keuning, Trynke

    2016-01-01

    Context: Collaboration within school teams is considered to be important to build the capacity school teams need to work in a data-based way. In a school characterized by a strong collaborative culture, teachers may have more access to the knowledge and skills for analyzing data, teachers have more opportunity to discuss the performance goals to…

  14. School Voucher Program and Its Enlightenments to the Education Reform in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Youlu

    2005-01-01

    This article roughly retrospects the idea of school voucher program proposed by Milton Friedman, lately developed by Peacock, Wiseman and Jencks. The reasons like privatization in education, deterioration of public schooling and school choice promote this program. Then taking a simple look at the ramification of voucher program and its value…

  15. The Role of External Facilitators in Whole School Reform: Teachers' Perceptions of How Coaches Influence School Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center for Collaborative Education, 2002

    2002-01-01

    This is the second in a series of reports that examines the role of coaches in facilitating school change. The report explains that as coaching, or external facilitation of school change, becomes a more widespread strategy for helping schools undergo comprehensive restructuring to create more professional collaborative cultures and to increase…

  16. 美国学校教育变革的问责向度*--基于政策文本的分析%The Accountability Dimension of Schooling Reform in America--based on the analysis on policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段晓明

    2013-01-01

    Since the 1980s, the schooling reform in America has shown different orientations in accountability:standard-stressed, performance-based and test-centered. The policies of schooling reform in accountability dimension are constantly questioned by the relation between teacher quality and students scores;the dilemma in teaching for students development or for scores;and the return of narrow technicism. Currently, the accountability of schooling reform has taken on new tendencies:restructuring the rights and duties between stakeholders; building balanced evaluation system between school, student and teacher; weakening the punishment purpose of accountability and sharing responsibility in teaching.%20世纪80年代以来,美国学校教育变革经历了从强调标准、关注表现,到以考试为中心的问责走向。问责制下的美国学校教育政策不断受到来自各个层面的质询,学生素质与学业成绩两者的相关性不断受到质疑;实践中教学被置于育人与追求成绩的两难境地;变革取向似乎又走向狭窄的技术主义倾向。目前美国问责制呈现出新的发展趋势:重构利益相关者间的责权关系;从学校、学生和教师三个层面进行多维度动态评价;淡化问责的惩罚目的,强调责任分担促进教学提升。

  17. 英国学校改革:面向21世纪的教育重建%School Reforms in the UK:Educational Reconstruction for the 21st Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gary McCulloch

    2015-01-01

    School reform has become very familiar in the United Kingdom over the past thirty years,and continues to be high in the agenda and a matter of political dispute in the current general election campaign. In this paper the author will outline the key areas of school reform promoted under the Coalition government of David Cameron between 2010 and 2015 and compare these with the school reforms of‘New Labour’ under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown (1997~2010), and with the Conservative reforms of Margaret Thatcher and John Major (1979~1997). The author will also seek to assess how far these school reforms together provide a coherent approach to educational reconstruction for the 21st century,setting them in their historical context and in an international and comparative perspective. They all presented images of education for the 21st century but it is questionable how far these images have been consistent or cohe;ent.%在过去的30年,学校改革议题已成为英国的热点,它经常被人们反复讨论,在当前英国大选中也是政治争论的重要议题。文章勾勒了2010~2015年间卡梅伦领导下的联合政府在一些关键领域所推行的学校改革,并将之与1997~2010年间布莱尔和布朗领导下的“新工党”,以及1979~1997年间撒切尔夫人和约翰·梅杰领导下的保守党学校改革进行比较。此研究将尝试从历史背景和国际比较视角,考察这些学校改革在多大程度上共同为21世纪英国教育重建,提供一条具有内在连贯性的路径。

  18. A Comparison between Value-Added School Estimates and Currently Used Metrics of School Accountability in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagioli, Loris P.

    2014-01-01

    This study compared a value-added approach to school accountability to the currently used metrics of accountability in California of Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) and Academic Performance Index (API). Five-year student panel data (N?=?53,733) from 29 elementary schools in a large California school district were used to address the research…

  19. On the Way of Educational Reform: Thai High School Physics Teachers' Conceptions of the Student-Centered Approach and Their Perceptions of Their Classroom Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaumklang, Kawin

    During the past two decades, the student-centered approach has been widely promoted and accepted by the educational community as one of the most effective instructional approaches. It has been continually developed and revised to match our current understanding of how humans learn (American Psychological Association, 1997). It is based upon the belief that students should take responsibility for their own learning. Thus, curriculum, instruction, and assessment should be carefully designed to stimulate, facilitate, and accelerate students' learning as much as possible. In order to do so, the teacher needs to take the following factors into consideration: students' cognitive structures, metacognitive and regulative skills, motivation and affective states, developmental and individual differences, and social supports. However, the term student-centered has been defined and described by researchers and scholars in many different ways. Little is known about how practicing teachers conceptualize this term and how they perceive their classroom practices in relation to these conceptions. The purpose of this study was to utilize a qualitative multiple-case study approach to investigate teachers' conceptions of the student-centered approach and their perceptions of their classroom practices. Four Thai high school physics teachers, who were considered products of the current student-centered educational reform movement in Thailand, participated in this study. Data were collected for one learning unit (three to eight weeks) through classroom observations, semi-structured interviews, and document analysis. The data analysis revealed that teachers' conceptions of student-centered curriculum, instruction, and assessment had three common characteristics: (a) students' active participation; (b) special emphasis on students' background knowledge, understanding, motivation, affective states, and learning capability; and (c) benefits to students. The results also indicated that there

  20. Analysis on Reform of Practical Teaching Strategies for Financial Management Major in Higher Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hou Shangfa

    2016-01-01

    Financial management major put emphasis on professional practice, and it set aim on train professional financial management person from higher vocational education; continue to expand the field of practice. And it has become an important part of teaching. This thesis analyze professional practice teaching principle and the necessity of the hand from the construction of financial management into the higher vocational education, pay attention to the problem of the practical teaching of financial management specialty in higher vocational education, and put forward the reform strategy to improve financial management professional students' practical ability.

  1. [School shootings in Germany: current trends in the prevention of severe, targeted violence in German schools].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bondü, Rebecca; Scheithauer, Herbert

    2009-01-01

    In March and September 2009 the school shootings in Winnenden and Ansbach once again demonstrated the need for preventive approaches in order to prevent further offences in Germany. Due to the low frequency of such offences and the low specificity of relevant risk factors known so far, prediction and prevention seems difficult though. None the less, several preventive approaches are currently discussed. The present article highlights these approaches and their specific advantages and disadvantages. As school shootings are multicausally determined, approaches focussing only on single aspects (i.e. prohibiting violent computer games or further strengthening gun laws) do not meet requirements. Other measures such as installing technical safety devices or optimizing actions of police and school attendants are supposed to reduce harm in case of emergency. Instead, scientifically founded and promising preventive approaches focus on secondary prevention and for this purpose employ the threat assessment approach, which is widespread within the USA. In this framework, responsible occupational groups such as teachers, school psychologists and police officers are to be trained in identifying students' warning signs, judging danger of these students for self and others in a systematic process and initiating suitable interventions.

  2. Secondary School Physical Education Status and and Reform Strategies%中专学校体育教学现状和改革策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕艳华

    2015-01-01

    Physical Education Curriculum as an important part of education in school education, which promotes the overall development of students in a certain extent. With the new curriculum reform implementation, secondary schools have begun to pay attention to the importance of physical education, in order to conform to the development characteristics of the times, our secondary schools began teaching at a comprehensive reform of its sport in order to promote physical education of col-leges the development. In order to promote its development, secondary school reform must take effective measures to im-prove them, to achieve the further development of secondary school physical education.%体育课程作为学校教育的重要内容,它在一定程度上促进学生全面发展.自新课程改革实施以来,中专学校也开始重视体育教育的重要性,为了顺应时代发展,我国中专学校开始着手对其体育教学进行全面改革,以促进我国中专院校体育教学的发展.为了促进其发展,中专学校必须采取行之有效的改革措施,实现中专学校体育教学的进一步发展.

  3. The Medicalization of Current Educational Research and Its Effects on Education Policy and School Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tröhler, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    This paper starts from the assumption of the emergence of an educationalized culture over the last 200 years according to which perceived social problems are translated into educational challenges. As a result, both educational institutions and educational research grew, and educational policy resulted from negotiations between professionals,…

  4. Nine Models of School Finance Reform: A Simulation Analysis in Connecticut.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilken, William H.; Callahan, John J., Jr.

    Traditional ways of funding our public schools are now under challenge throughout the nation. Armed with the equal protection clause of the Federal Constitution, judges are handing down decisions requiring school taxes and expenditures to reflect State wealth rather than variations in local wealth. Voters in rich and poor districts alike are…

  5. Effective Consultants: A Conceptual Framework for Helping School Systems Achieve Systemic Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazle Bussey, Leslie; Welch, Jennie C.; Mohammed, Meca B.

    2014-01-01

    A growing number of organisations--universities, non-profits, independent consultants--are emerging as partners to school systems pursuing systemic improvement. This proliferation invites questions probing the interaction between school systems and their consulting partners. Drawing on a cross-disciplinary review of literature, this theoretical…

  6. School Finance Reform: Can It Support California's College- and Career-Ready Goal? Report 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Mary

    2013-01-01

    For decades, when California's state leaders have wanted to see local school districts respond to shifts in policy and expectations they relied on the state-controlled school finance system to leverage local change. Through the use of categorical programs and earmarked funding, they created incentives for districts that complied and penalties for…

  7. Effective Consultants: A Conceptual Framework for Helping School Systems Achieve Systemic Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazle Bussey, Leslie; Welch, Jennie C.; Mohammed, Meca B.

    2014-01-01

    A growing number of organisations--universities, non-profits, independent consultants--are emerging as partners to school systems pursuing systemic improvement. This proliferation invites questions probing the interaction between school systems and their consulting partners. Drawing on a cross-disciplinary review of literature, this theoretical…

  8. Implementing EFL Policy Reform in Elementary Schools in Japan: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machida, Tomohisa; Walsh, Daniel J.

    2015-01-01

    This case study examines the implementation of "Foreign Language Activities" (English language education), which officially began in Japanese elementary schools in 2011. Subjects in this study included 37 Japanese classroom teachers (20 males and 17 females) in four elementary schools in Tokyo. The Teacher Foreign Language Anxiety Scale…

  9. The tension between organisational sub-structures in secondary schools and educational reform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Imants, J.G.M.; Sleegers, P.J.C.; Witziers, B.

    2001-01-01

    In Dutch secondary schools the recent trend has been to replace the two existing sub-structures of subject departments and student guidance units by one system of integrated and decentralised teams. The aim of this article is to gain more insight into how secondary schools can provide supportive wor

  10. So Much Reform, So Little Change: The Persistence of Failure in Urban Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Charles M.

    2008-01-01

    This frank and courageous book explores the persistence of failure in today's urban schools. At its heart is the argument that most education policy discussions are disconnected from the daily realities of urban schools, especially those in poor and beleaguered neighborhoods. Charles M. Payne argues that we have failed to account fully for the…

  11. School-Based Management and Educational Reform: Cases in the USA and Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, E. Mark

    The organizational and decision-making characteristics of four school-based management models being developed in Dade County, Florida; Chicago; Los Angeles; and Spain are compared in this paper. The key differences lie in the origin of and reasons for change, and the common focal point is the creation and empowerment of a local school council at…

  12. Praxes of School and Commercial Management: Informing and Reforming a Typology from Field Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Anthony

    2005-01-01

    Despite the tendency to draw on experience from the commercial sector when it comes to theorising about school leadership, there is a paucity of research on comparisons between commercial and educational management. This article presents findings from a research project that followed a number of (experienced and newly appointed) school and…

  13. Chicago Business Leadership and School Reform. Supporting Leaders for Tomorrow, Occasional Paper #3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednarik, David

    Chicago's city leaders, unlike other city leaders, are going after fundamental and radical restructuring of the nation's third largest school system, but have found that it is hard to achieve. This paper provides a snapshot of the growing political involvement of Chicago's business leadership with the city's troubled school system. The need for…

  14. Letters to a Young Education Reformer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Frederick M.

    2017-01-01

    In "Letters to a Young Education Reformer," Frederick M. Hess distills knowledge from twenty-five years of working in and around school reform. Inspired by his conversations with young, would-be reformers who are passionate about transforming education, the book offers a window into Hess's thinking about what education reform is and…

  15. Analysis of equilibrium and kinetic models of internal reforming on solid oxide fuel cell anodes: Effect on voltage, current and temperature distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Khaliq; Fӧger, Karl

    2017-03-01

    The SOFC is well-established as a high-efficiency energy conversion technology with demonstrations of micro-CHP systems delivering 60% net electrical efficiency [1]. However, there are key challenges in the path to commercialization. Foremost among them is stack durability. Operating at high temperatures, the SOFC invariably suffers from thermally induced material degradation. This is compounded by thermal stresses within the SOFC stack which are generated from a number of interacting factors. Modelling is used as a tool for predicting undesirable temperature and current density gradients. For an internal reforming SOFC, fidelity of the model is strongly linked to the representation of the fuel reforming reactions, which dictate species concentrations and net heat release. It is critical for simulation of these profiles that the set of reaction rate expressions applicable for the particular anode catalyst are chosen in the model. A relatively wide spectrum of kinetic correlations has been reported in the literature. This work presents a comparative analysis of the internal distribution of temperature, current, voltage and compositions on a SOFC anode, using various combinations of reaction kinetics and equilibrium expressions for the reactions. The results highlight the significance of the fuel reforming chemistry and kinetics in the prediction of cell performance.

  16. School Social Workers and a Renewed Call to Advocacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Alfred L., Jr.; Slovak, Karen; Broussard, C. Anne

    2010-01-01

    This article calls for school social workers to work in schools to reform school systems that have historically failed and are currently failing African American children. While the hope of education is to assist students to realize their potential, school systems across the nation are not reaching this goal. School social work has a duty, a…

  17. Successes and Challenges in School Meal Reform: Qualitative Insights From Food Service Directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asada, Yuka; Ziemann, Margaret; Zatz, Lara; Chriqui, Jamie

    2017-08-01

    The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) directed the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to revise school meal standards to increase healthy food offerings. A critical stakeholder in the implementation of standards is Food Service Directors (FSDs). We sought to examine FSDs' perspectives on revised school meal standards to gain insight into successful implementation strategies. Semistructured interviews were conducted with FSDs (N = 9) from high schools that had achieved HealthierUS Schools Challenge: Smarter Lunchrooms (HUSSC: SL) status. Qualitative interview data were team coded in Atlas.ti v7 and analyzed with principles of constant comparative analysis. FSDs reported overall positive perceptions of the revised school meal standards and its potential impacts, as well as improved fruit and vegetable consumption, despite initial challenges with plate waste, procurement of whole grain-rich products, and fast paced sodium targets. Implementation was described as complex, ongoing processes; with time and in-service trainings, student acceptance to these changes improved. These findings are directly relevant to future reauthorization of the Child Nutrition Act and to revisions to the implementation time line for the federal school meal standards related to sodium, whole grains, and flavored milk. Insights into FSDs' strategies suggest that more time and targeted technical assistance at federal, state, and local levels is warranted. © 2017, American School Health Association.

  18. Restructuring the Schools. ERIC Digest Series Number EA 37.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klauke, Amy

    This ERIC digest focuses on school restructuring as the central issue in the school reform movement by answering five questions: (1) What is "restructuring?" (2) What characteristics of the current educational system are the objects of reform? (3) How can restructuring attend to new skills students will need? (4) How can individual schools…

  19. Transforming Hong Kong's Schools: Trends and Emerging Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimmock, Clive; Walker, Allan

    1998-01-01

    Outlines three 1990s reforms in Hong Kong affecting curriculum and management: the School Management Initiative, the target-oriented curriculum, and an education commission report on quality education. Reviews reforms' effects and discusses the need to reorient the current school-based management system and recognize Hong Kong's societal culture.…

  20. Current Situation and Countermeasures of Rural Primary School English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴国良

    2014-01-01

    The promotion of rural primary schools in English and open, influenced by many factors, there are many problems, making the rural and urban pupils compared to the poor standard of English is great, even when individual students graduated from elementary school even 26 English letters are read incomplete or pronunciation, this article will explain the status quo and countermeasures of teaching English in primary schools in rural areas.

  1. The current situation and reform of vocal music education in normal university%高师声乐教育现状与改革探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖英群

    2013-01-01

    The vocal music education plays a very important role in the training of music teachers in primary and middle schools. But there still exists a variety of problems in vocal music education, so that the students in high colleges and universities can’t qualify music education for primary and secondary school or give up music education in primary and secondary school and to walk to occupation actor. In the new social conditions, how to reform the problems in high vocal music education, train outstanding music teachers has comprehensive quality in primary and middle schools, is the problem we must solve. This article from the present situation of vocal music education, to analyze the high vocal music educational reform strategy briefly.%  高师声乐教育在培养中小学音乐教师方面发挥着十分重要的作用。但高师的声乐教育还存在有种种问题,以至于高师院校培养出来的学生无法胜任中小学音乐教育的课堂或是放弃从事中小学音乐教育的道路而改向走职业演员的道路。在新的社会条件下,如何改革高师声乐教育存在的种种问题,培养出优秀的、具有综合素质的中小学音乐教师,是我们必须要解决的问题。本文从高师声乐教育的现状入手,简要分析了高师声乐教育改革的策略。

  2. The Other Face of Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahern, Ursula M.; Compton, Cynthia M.

    2001-01-01

    According to William Spady's "Beyond Counterfeit Reforms," politically driven, mechanistic "reforms" box educators into smaller, limiting ways of thinking and running schools. Donald McAdams's book "Fighting to Save Our Urban Schools...and Winning!" shows the salubrious effects of high expectations and community…

  3. Explaining Whole System Reform in Small States: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago Secondary Education Modernization Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lisle, Jerome

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes drivers and impediments to secondary school reform in Trinidad and Tobago during the period from 1999 to 2009. International assessment data suggested limited progress on improving system quality and equity. Several policy levers and barriers have been defined in current system reform theory. However, explanations for the…

  4. Chicago's Renaissance 2010: Building on School Reform in the Age of Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Arne

    2006-01-01

    In response to Mr. Ayers and Mr. Klonsky, Mr. Duncan argues that Chicago's Renaissance 2010 initiative is holding adults accountable by closing low-performing schools rather than trapping children in a failing educational environment.

  5. Healthier students are better learners: a missing link in school reforms to close the achievement gap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basch, Charles E

    2011-10-01

    This article provides an introduction to the October 2011 special issue of the Journal of School Health on "Healthier Students Are Better Learners." Literature was reviewed and synthesized to identify health problems affecting school-aged youth that are highly prevalent, disproportionately affect urban minority youth, directly and indirectly causally affect academic achievement, and can be feasibly and effectively addressed through school health programs and services. Based on these criteria, 7 educationally relevant health disparities were selected as strategic priorities to help close the achievement gap: (1) vision, (2) asthma, (3) teen pregnancy, (4) aggression and violence, (5) physical activity, (6) breakfast, and (7) inattention and hyperactivity. Research clearly shows that these health problems influence students' motivation and ability to learn. Disparities among urban minority youth are outlined, along with the causal pathways through which each adversely affects academic achievement, including sensory perceptions, cognition, school connectedness, absenteeism, and dropping out. Evidence-based approaches that schools can implement to address these problems are presented. These health problems and the causal pathways they influence have interactive and a synergistic effect, which is why they must be addressed collectively using a coordinated approach. No matter how well teachers are prepared to teach, no matter what accountability measures are put in place, no matter what governing structures are established for schools, educational progress will be profoundly limited if students are not motivated and able to learn. Particular health problems play a major role in limiting the motivation and ability to learn of urban minority youth. This is why reducing these disparities through a coordinated approach warrants validation as a cohesive school improvement initiative to close the achievement gap. Local, state, and national policies for implementing this

  6. Institution Ethics:Rational Reflections on School Admin-istration Reform%制度伦理:关于学校行政管理改革的理性思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘亚菲

    2014-01-01

    本文立足我国学校行政管理的现实,从制度伦理的视角分析了目前我国学校行政管理中存在的诸多问题,在此基础上,本文提出了在制度伦理视野下我国学校行政管理改革的建议。%Based on the reality of administration in our schools, this article attempts to analyze practical problems of the current administration in schools from the perspective of institution ethics. And on this basis, we propose some administration reform proposals in the vision of institution ethics.

  7. Infectious Diseases: Current Issues in School and Community Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bower, Wilma; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Some children in American schools have known and unknown communicable diseases, including herpes, cytomegalovirus, AIDS, mononucleosis, pinworms, and hepatitis. This article examines major public health issues, school responsibility, preventative measures (like basic hygiene), and the need for more effective community education programs. A disease…

  8. The Research on School Marketing: Current Issues and Future Directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oplatka, Izhar; Hemsley-Brown, Jane

    2004-01-01

    This review provides a synthesis of the scholarship that has sought to expand the understanding of educational marketing practice in schools. The following research questions guided this review. What are the common themes and characteristics that emerge from research about marketing in schools? What remains underdeveloped in the characterization…

  9. Infectious Diseases: Current Issues in School and Community Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bower, Wilma; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Some children in American schools have known and unknown communicable diseases, including herpes, cytomegalovirus, AIDS, mononucleosis, pinworms, and hepatitis. This article examines major public health issues, school responsibility, preventative measures (like basic hygiene), and the need for more effective community education programs. A disease…

  10. The Current State of Medical Education in Chinese Medical Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosik, Russell Oliver; Huang, Lei; Cai, Qiaoling; Xu, Guo-Tong; Zhao, Xudong; Guo, Li; Tang, Wen; Chen, Qi; Fan, Angela Pei-Chen

    2014-01-01

    Today's doctor is as much a humanist as a scientist. Medical schools have responded to this change by introducing a variety of courses, most notably those concerning the humanities and ethics. Thus far, no one has examined the extent of use of these subjects in Chinese medical schools. The goal of this study is to determine how many and in…

  11. Mapping the Future: Towards Oncology Curriculum Reform in Undergraduate Medical Education at a Canadian Medical School

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwan, Jennifer Y.Y. [School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Queen' s University, Kingston, Ontario (Canada); Nyhof-Young, Joyce [Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Catton, Pamela [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Giuliani, Meredith E., E-mail: Meredith.Giuliani@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    2015-03-01

    Purpose: To evaluate (1) the quantity and quality of current undergraduate oncology teaching at a major Canadian medical school; and (2) curricular changes over the past decade, to enhance local oncology education and provide insight for other educators. Methods and Materials: Relevant 2011-2012 undergraduate curricular sessions were extracted from the University of Toronto curriculum mapping database using keywords and database identifiers. Educational sessions were analyzed according to Medical Council of Canada objectives, discussion topics, instructor qualifications, teaching format, program year, and course subject. Course-related oncology research projects performed by students during 2000 to 2012 were extracted from another internal database. Elective choices of clerks during 2008-2014 were retrieved from the institution. The 2011-2012 and 2000-2001 curricula were compared using common criteria. Results: The 2011-2012 curriculum covers 5 major themes (public health, cancer biology, diagnosis, principles of care, and therapy), which highlight 286 oncology teaching topics within 80 sessions. Genitourinary (10, 12.5%), gynecologic (8, 10.0%), and gastrointestinal cancers (7.9, 9.8%) were the most commonly taught cancers. A minority of sessions were taught by surgical oncologists (6.5, 8.1%), medical oncologists (2.5, 3.1%), and radiation oncologists (1, 1.2%). During 2000-2012, 9.0% of students (233 of 2578) opted to complete an oncology research project. During 2008-2014, oncology electives constituted 2.2% of all clerkship elective choices (209 of 9596). Compared with pre-2001 curricula, the 2012 oncology curriculum shows notable expansion in the coverage of epidemiology (6:1 increase), prevention (4:1), screening (3:1), and molecular biology (6:1). Conclusions: The scope of the oncology curriculum has grown over the past decade. Nevertheless, further work is needed to improve medical student knowledge of cancers, particularly those relevant to public health

  12. My Ideas on the Reform of the Middle School Track and Field Course%中学田径课教学改革之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄真勇

    2012-01-01

    本文以《新体育与健康课程标准》为立足点,采用文献检索法、专家访谈法等,对中学体育田径课教学中如何贯彻"键康第一"的教学理念设置教学内容,从而实现学生全面协调发展,突出个体化差异和个性发展进行研究,以期对当前中学田径教学改革起到借鉴作用。%This article is based on the "the New Physical Education and Health Course Standard", using the method of document retrieval, interviewing experts, etc, conducting the study on how to set the content of courses to implement the teaching philosophy of "Health the First", thus to achieve the purposes of comprehensive and coordinated development of students and outstand the individual differences and development, hoping to have certain references to the current middle school track and field teaching reform.

  13. A Mind-Set Is a Difficult Thing to Change: Why Reforming Low-Performing Schools Requires Eradicating Negative Beliefs about Students. The Claremont Letter. Volume 2, Issue 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Gail

    2007-01-01

    Numerous researchers have devoted their careers to school reform. At the same time, many politicians have gotten elected by promising to fix failing schools. Although a lot of time, energy, and money have been invested in tackling this problem, the problem persists: Too many schools in the United States are failing to prepare too many students for…

  14. Do Charter Schools Crowd out Private School Enrollment? Evidence from Michigan. Staff Report No. 472

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarti, Rajashri; Roy, Joydeep

    2011-01-01

    Charter schools have been one of the most important dimensions of recent school reform measures in the United States. Currently, there are more than 5,000 charter schools spread across forty U.S. states and the District of Columbia. Though there have been numerous studies on the effects of charter schools, these have mostly been confined to…

  15. Analysis of the Educative Reform for Secondary School in Mexico and its implications on Science II subject for the new curriculum

    CERN Document Server

    Cuervo, Alfonso; Garcia-Salcedo, Ricardo

    2009-01-01

    In Mexico, the educative reform that has been taking effect gradually in the secondary school education from 2005, has eliminated some subjects and created other that they concentrate in a single degree of studies the themes of the basic education, waking up changes that represent a challenge for teachers, who besides are adapted to new academic loads, they face an approach different in the treatment from the new themes. Beyond the conflicts that all reform can generate, the present paper is not a political or social analysis, but it approaches some differences between authorities of Secretaria de Educacion Publica (Public Education Secretary) and teachers, studying the implications of the new curriculum of Sciences II (Physics). Additionally, it is considers the design of didactic sequences to teach some physical concepts in the secondary school by active learning.

  16. Parental Photography at School Events: Current Local Authority Best Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Bessant, Claire

    2015-01-01

    An analysis of local authority policy and guidance on parental photography at school events considering possible policy content and approaches to informing parents of policy/obtaining parental consent.

  17. The Reform and Innovation of Middle School Physics Exercise Teaching%中学物理习题教学的改革与创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁化林

    2011-01-01

    本文从内容和操作层面对中学物理习题教学的改革与创新进行了阐述.并提出了改革习题教学的策略。%This paper throws some light on the reform and innovation of middle school physics exercise teaching in contents and practice and raises some strategies for improving exercise teaching.

  18. The Curricular Reform of Art Education in Primary School in Slovenia in Terms of Certain Components of the European Competence of Cultural Awareness and Expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajka Bračun Sova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the important positions of the last curricular reform in Slovenia, which included systemic issues of education (White Paper on Education, 2011 and curricula for compulsory subjects in primary school, is the fact that Slovenia has been integrated into Europe, and thus education should also include the development of core European competences. One such competence is cultural awareness and expression, which until now has been an issue more in the context of cultural policies than school policies in Slovenia. The purpose of the present article is to critically analyse the curricular reform of art education (i.e., visual art education, through which, in terms of certain components of the competence of cultural awareness and expression, it is foreseen that the student will gain a knowledge of art, develop an ability to experience works of art and develop a creative attitude towards art and heritage. Because the starting point and goal of curricular change is the curriculum, our analysis is derived from curriculum theories, and not from the art theories and pedagogical theories that have predominantly framed previous attempts at curriculum analysis. Critical consideration of the curricular reform of art education in primary school in terms of certain components of the competence of cultural awareness and expression was undertaken by comparing curricula in the field of aesthetic education. We compared art education with music education and literature within the Slovenian language curriculum. Qualitative analysis showed that, despite the reform, the curriculum for arts education does not realise selected components of the competence of cultural awareness and expression, largely due to the curriculum’s conceptual structure. Art education is centred principally on art-making activities, with an obvious neglect of appreciation. The integration of arts subjects at school, as proposed by the White Paper, is therefore not possible, due to the existing

  19. The Rationalizing Logics of Public School Reform: How Cultural Institutions Matter for Classroom Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridwell-Mitchell, E. N.

    2013-01-01

    The research herein uses a mixed methods approach to examine how organizational phenomena at the macro level of analysis translate into phenomena at the micro level. Specifically, the research attempts to explain how cultural institutions may translate into individual attitudes and actions, such as public school teachers' decisions about using…

  20. Market-Based Pay Reform for Public School Teachers. Working Paper 2008-07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podgursky, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Modern personnel economics emphasizes the importance of strategic, integrated compensation policy in an organization. In this paper I review key features of the compensation system for public school teachers. The rigidities and inefficiencies that arise from single salary schedules and other features of the compensation regime, and their…

  1. Radical Reform Within a Liberal and Democratic Framework? Rawls and the Radical Critique of Schooling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claus, John F.

    1981-01-01

    The radical critique of American education portrays the schools as perpetuators of ethnic, social, and racial inequalities because they do not alter existing class relations. John Rawls' theory of social justice is discussed as an alternative approach to this situation that remains firmly grounded in the liberal tradition. (PP)

  2. Choices or Rights? Charter Schools and the Politics of Choice-Based Education Policy Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastman, Nicholas J.; Anderson, Morgan; Boyles, Deron

    2017-01-01

    Simply put, charter schools have not lived up to their advocates' promise of equity. Using examples of tangible civil rights gains of the twentieth century (e.g. "Brown v. Board," "Lau v. Nichols") and extending feminist theories of invisible labor to include the labor of democracy, the authors argue that the charter movement…

  3. Understanding Comprehensive School Reforms: Insights from Comparative-Historical Sociology and Power Resources Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sass, Katharina

    2015-01-01

    The historical origins and development of comprehensive schooling have seldom been analyzed systematically and comparatively. However, there is a rich comparative and historically grounded literature on the development of welfare states, which focuses on many relevant policies, but ignores the education system. In particular, the power resources…

  4. Superhero School Reform Heading Your Way: Now Playing in Newark, NJ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Stan

    2011-01-01

    Watching the rise to fame of Michelle Rhee, the former Washington, D.C., schools chancellor who is one of the heroes of director Davis Guggenheim's "Waiting for 'Superman'," the author was struck by how the targets had changed. Clark's baseball bat was aimed at the young black males who were demonized as a criminal element in the schoolyard.…

  5. Fish Hoek Middle School: Issues of Education Reform in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruse, Darryn

    Education in South Africa has mirrored the inequality and socio-political upheaval that has marked that country's history since the official establishment of apartheid in 1948. This paper provides a brief summary of some of the main issues impacting education in South Africa, a description of Fish Hoek Middle School just south of Capetown, an…

  6. Finding Inquiry in Discourses of Audit and Reform in Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Julian; Corbin, Brian; McNamara, Olwen

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we examine the discourses of Primary school numeracy coordinators responsible for auditing, monitoring and supporting their colleagues in relation to the introduction and embedding of the National Numeracy Strategy (NNS) in the UK. Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) focuses our analysis on the contradictory coupling of…

  7. Superhero School Reform Heading Your Way: Now Playing in Newark, NJ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Stan

    2011-01-01

    Watching the rise to fame of Michelle Rhee, the former Washington, D.C., schools chancellor who is one of the heroes of director Davis Guggenheim's "Waiting for 'Superman'," the author was struck by how the targets had changed. Clark's baseball bat was aimed at the young black males who were demonized as a criminal element in the…

  8. Superhero School Reform Heading Your Way: Now Playing in Newark, NJ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Stan

    2011-01-01

    Watching the rise to fame of Michelle Rhee, the former Washington, D.C., schools chancellor who is one of the heroes of director Davis Guggenheim's "Waiting for 'Superman'," the author was struck by how the targets had changed. Clark's baseball bat was aimed at the young black males who were demonized as a criminal element in the…

  9. Successful Leadership in Urban Schools: Principals and Critical Spirituality, a New Approach to Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dantley, Michael E.

    2010-01-01

    This article offers an alternative perspective on educational leadership based on the tenets of critical spirituality. It offers an educational leadership grounded in critical theory and African American spirituality. The two coalesce to provide school leaders with a conceptual frame that not only centers on academic achievement but academic…

  10. Radical Reform Within a Liberal and Democratic Framework? Rawls and the Radical Critique of Schooling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claus, John F.

    1981-01-01

    The radical critique of American education portrays the schools as perpetuators of ethnic, social, and racial inequalities because they do not alter existing class relations. John Rawls' theory of social justice is discussed as an alternative approach to this situation that remains firmly grounded in the liberal tradition. (PP)

  11. Choices or Rights? Charter Schools and the Politics of Choice-Based Education Policy Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastman, Nicholas J.; Anderson, Morgan; Boyles, Deron

    2017-01-01

    Simply put, charter schools have not lived up to their advocates' promise of equity. Using examples of tangible civil rights gains of the twentieth century (e.g. "Brown v. Board," "Lau v. Nichols") and extending feminist theories of invisible labor to include the labor of democracy, the authors argue that the charter movement…

  12. A Study on Linking High-School Physics and Perfect Teaching Reformation of College Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaolai; Li, Qun; Gao, Jiangtao

    2011-01-01

    For the students who have just entered colleges, learning university physics would be a challenge. This paper discusses how to make students who have just finished senior high school physics won't feel difficult in learning university physics and how to guide and cultivate the students' interest in the study of physics so to stimulate the…

  13. The Performance Contract--Turnkey Approach to Urban School System Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaschke, Charles; Briggs, Peter

    1970-01-01

    A discussion of the turnkey process" as a means of providing vitally needed leverage for a school superintendent to deal with the requisite costs of administrative charges and political problems created by the infusion of a new instructional and management system through performance contracting." (Author/AA)

  14. Working with What They Have: Professional Development as a Reform Strategy in Rural Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Nathan; Cowen, Joshua; Toma, Eugenia; Troske, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    In-service teacher professional development has been used to improve teacher effectiveness. In Kentucky, the National Science Foundation funded a large professional development program called the Appalachian Math and Science Partnership (AMSP) to provide content-based professional development to teachers in rural schools. We show that students…

  15. Virtual Virtu: The Moral State and the Online Re-Formation of the School and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laspina, James Andrew

    2013-01-01

    The chapter examines John Dewey's concepts of society and the public in the context of digital technology and its potential to transform society and the moral ethos of the public school. I argue that Dewey's theory of society and the public, though articulated for an industrial age, are, like his moral vision of social democracy and…

  16. Empowerment Patterns of Leaders in ICT and School Strengths Following the Implementation of National ICT Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avidov-Ungar, Orit; Shamir-Inbal, Tamar

    2013-01-01

    The Ministry of Education in Israel has, over the past two years, been running an education program designed to lead the implementation of ICT (Information and Communications Technology) in schools. Implementation of the program is accompanied by training and support of teachers selected to be ICT leaders. The role of the ICT leader is divided to…

  17. Current status of managing food allergies in schools in Seoul, Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Soyoung; Yoon, Jihyun; Kwon, Sooyoun; Kim, Jihyun; Han, Youngshin

    2012-12-01

    Recently the need to manage food allergies in schools has been growing. This study aimed to examine the current status of managing food allergies in schools in Seoul, Korea. A questionnaire survey was conducted in cooperation with the School Dietician Association during April 2009. Among the participating 154 schools, a total of 109 (71%) were determining students' food allergy status through parental surveys based on self-reported food allergies. A total of 72 (47%) had experienced student visits to a school health room due to food allergies within one year before the survey. Over 80 percent of the schools relied on self-care only without any school-wide measures for food allergies in place. Among the 890 menu items most frequently served in school lunch programs, a total of 664 (75%) were found to contain more than one food allergen. It is highly suggested that preventive plans and treatment measures should be established to manage food allergies in schools.

  18. Creating a Culture for High-Performing Schools: A Comprehensive Approach to School Reform and Dropout Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulach, Cletus R.; Lunenburg, Fred C.; Potter, Les

    2008-01-01

    A high performing school is described as one where student achievement is high and student and teacher absenteeism is low. Student behavior is such that teachers seldom have to control them or tell them what to do. This results in greater time on task, higher teacher morale, low teacher absenteeism, and improved parental support. One other…

  19. Creating a Culture for High-Performing Schools: A Comprehensive Approach to School Reform and Dropout Prevention. Second Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulach, Cletus R.; Lunenberg, Fred C.; Potter, Les

    2011-01-01

    A high-performing school is described as one where student achievement is high and student and teacher absenteeism is low. Student behavior is such that teachers seldom have to control them or tell them what to do. This results in greater time on task, higher teacher morale, low teacher absenteeism, and improved parental support. One other…

  20. Educational Development and Reformation in Malaysia: Past, Present, and Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Rahimah Haji

    1998-01-01

    Discusses educational development in Malaysia, focusing on curriculum changes, issues, and future perspectives. Discusses the development of values education, its importance in the curriculum, and the government's efforts to mold a united nation with Malaysian values. Current reforms target tertiary education. The school curriculum has not been…

  1. New Directions in Education? A Critique of Contemporary Policy Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skourdoumbis, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    This paper draws on facets of Foucault's theoretical resources to critique current education policy reform from within the Australian State of Victoria, namely the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development's (DEECD) discussion paper "New directions for school leadership and the teaching profession." Implicit in the reform…

  2. Some Tentative Proposals to the Current Reform of Chinese College English Teaching on the Basis of Needs Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jian, Shi

    2013-01-01

    Under the circumstances of economic globalization and educational internationalization as well as against the background of the improved requirements in the new High School English Syllabus (HSES), the Chinese college English teaching (CET) nowadays is confronted with great pressure and unprecedented challenges with the decrease of school-aged…

  3. Current Procedures Used To Evaluate Teaching in Schools of Pharmacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Candace W.; Matthews, Hewitt W.

    1998-01-01

    A survey of 72 pharmacy schools investigated methods of evaluating teaching, including use of student evaluations for both undergraduate and clinical teaching, peer evaluation, evaluation instruments, and use of the information for tenure/promotion decisions, faculty development activities, and determination of merit salary increases. Results are…

  4. Collection Development in Elementary School Libraries: Current Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pojman, Paul E.

    1987-01-01

    Looks at collection development for print materials in school libraries serving children in grades K-8. The policy statement and the processes of evaluation, selection, acquisition, and weeding are examined, emphasizing the place of curriculum objectives and the role of the librarian. Twenty-two references and a bibliography of 15 selection tools…

  5. Keeping Current: Emotional Intelligence and the School Library Media Specialist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, Daniel D.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses emotional intelligence and its importance for school library media specialists, based on a book by Daniel Goleman called "Emotional Intelligence." Highlights include managing emotions and relationships; self-motivation; and how emotional intelligence fits in with Standards for Information Literacy. (LRW)

  6. The Open School. An Annotated Bibliography. Current Bibliography No. 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cockburn, Ilze, Comp.

    In 1970, the OISE library published an annotated bibliography entitled, Open Plan (See ED 051 549), that covered the design of open plan schools and the educational practices connected with these facilities. Since then, a clearer distinction has developed between the terms "open plan" and "open education." This revision of the earlier volume…

  7. The teaching reforms on the Casa Pia of Lisbon or the first image of the modern primary school (years of 1860-1870

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos MANIQUE DA SILVA

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This article analyse the series of the teaching reforms introduced on the Casa Pia of Lisbon starting from the school year of 1866-1867. The school model which is taking its roots in that context –the model which I’m speaking about draws up and spreads to a worldwide level; remains unchangeable till our days and represents the school concept itself– is largely responsible for a contemporary conception of efficiency and control. It’s about the pedagogical integration of childhood, concerning to an integral education project. The graduated school model is still defended as the one that better corresponds to the social integration project conceived by the ombudsman José Maria Eugénio de Almeida.

  8. The Future of School Social Work Practice: Current Trends and Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Franklin

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the information on school social work practice in the United States and summarizes recent trends and their implications for the future of school social work. The number of school social workers and current infrastructure available for the development of school social work practice is reviewed. Five sociocultural trends are summarized that are affecting public schools as well as important school-based practice trends such as standardized testing, and high stakes accountability measures. The emerging practice trend of evidence-based practices is discussed in light of its standards and implications for school-based practice. Finally, essential knowledge for strengthening practice competencies to meet the future challenges of school-based practice is highlight.

  9. The Political Economy of Market-Based Educational Policies: Race and Reform in Urban School Districts, 1915 to 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Janelle; Holme, Jennifer Jellison

    2016-01-01

    The authors situate the emergence and effects of contemporary market-based reforms within a framework of urban political economy that centers on racial inequality. They discuss how and why market-based reforms have evolved alongside racialized political and economic trends that have transformed cities over the past century, and they critically…

  10. The Political Economy of Market-Based Educational Policies: Race and Reform in Urban School Districts, 1915 to 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Janelle; Holme, Jennifer Jellison

    2016-01-01

    The authors situate the emergence and effects of contemporary market-based reforms within a framework of urban political economy that centers on racial inequality. They discuss how and why market-based reforms have evolved alongside racialized political and economic trends that have transformed cities over the past century, and they critically…

  11. The Impact of Educational Reforms on the Work of the School Principal in the United Arab Emirates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorne, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Although much has been written about the complexity of educational change and reform elsewhere, the educational reform movement in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a relatively recent phenomenon with little systematic documentation as yet; educators are still searching for a clear understanding of their roles. However, it is clear that the…

  12. Railway Reform in China.

    OpenAIRE

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this working paper is to consider the current situation of Chinese Railways, the progress of reforms to date, and possible future developments. The first section describes the current problems of Chinese Railways, as a vast organisation subject to strong central control, facing enormous and rapidly growing demands which it is unable to satisfy. The progress of reform in Chinese Railways to date, and in particular the Economic Contract Responsibility System instituted in the lat...

  13. Reform of Secondary School Academic Evaluation of Students%学生学业成绩评价改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓龙

    2011-01-01

    改革现有学生学业成绩评价制度。构建素质教育的评价模式在推进素质教育的过程中具有重大的理论和现实意义。文章就学生学业成绩评价改革提出几点建议。平时成绩与终结性考试成绩相统一构成升学成绩,作为招生录取的依据,建立考试诚信制度。建立学科档案袋,实施任务表现性评价。让学生更充分地表现自己。量性评价与质性评价相结合,使学生在原有基础上提高,促进学生的全面发展。学生学业成绩评价改革要求教育工作者转变传统教育观念,提高评价能力。学生学业成绩评价改革是一个系统工程。需要政府的政策保障以及家长、社会各界的参与和支持。%It is of great theoretical and practical significance. To reform the existing secondary school students academic performance evaluation system and consfruct the evaluation of the quality of education in promoting quality education mode. This paper on the reform of secondary school students academic performance evaluation makes the following recommendations: to promote the development of student academic performance evaluation system, to help students understand themselves and build self-esteem, to promote better development of future students. Proposition content of the examination and reform, not only focus on basic knowledge and skills, we must also strengthen the examination content of student life and the links and broaden the type questions. To enable students to express themselves more fully. Quantitative assessment and evaluation of the integration of students based on the original enhance and promote the overall development of students. Secondary school students academic performance evaluation of the reform requirements of educators to change the traditional concept of education, improve the evaluation capacity. Secondary school student' s academic performanee evaluation of the reform is a systematic project

  14. Digital Citizenship Instruction in Pennsylvania Public Schools: School Leaders Expressed Beliefs and Current Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suppo, Chris A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate digital citizenship in Pennsylvania public schools based on the responses of school leaders including superintendents, curriculum coordinators, and technology coordinators. This study examined the relationship between Pennsylvania school leader's beliefs and the implementation of digital citizenship…

  15. Discussion on School Physical Education Curriculum Reform from the Nature of Education%从教育的本质谈学校体育教育课程改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈云飞

    2011-01-01

    The current school physical education has a certain development bottleneck, the school physical education curriculum as one of the most important parts especially cause the attention of people. This paper,using the physical education curriculum reform after ten years as the background, based on the inherent requirement of school education, advocatesthat the value of school physical education curriculum should lies in cultivating people, take the human development as the core and respect the value of life.%当前学校体育的现状呈现出一定的发展瓶颈,学校体育教育课程作为其中最为重要的环节,尤其引起人们的关注。本文以新一轮体育教育课程改革历经了十个年头为背景,从学校教育内在要求出发,提出学校体育教育课程价值着眼于培养人,应以“人的发展”为核心,尊重生命价值。

  16. Nuevos patrones en el gobierno de los colegios (New Patterns of School Governance). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renchler, Ron

    This digest in Spanish explains why public-school governance is receiving increasing scrutiny. It identifies who is held accountable for results in the current governance system and describes recent proposals for transforming governance structures. Since many reforms of the past decade bypassed the school board and district office, reformers are…

  17. Reflection on Senior High School Physics New Curriculum Reform%对高中物理新课改的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白亚娟

    2011-01-01

    新课改在高中全面实施以来,新教材让所有教师面临了一个新的挑战。物理学科作为自然学科,物理教师更应该站在国家级课改的前沿去体现“以人为本,以学生发展为本”的理念,培养学生终身学习能力。%With the full implementation of new curriculum reform in senior high school, new textbooks makes teachers have to face new challenges. As a natural subject, physics teachers should implement "studentsorientation and students' development--orientation" idea standing in front of curriculum reform and cultivate students' life-long ability

  18. 中职数学教学改革的困惑与思考%Puzzlement and Thinking of Math Teaching Reform in Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锐

    2016-01-01

    中等职业学校数学课程教学改革一直面临诸多困惑,而深化数学教学改革又是中职教育的现实需要。本文在分析中职数学教学改革中存在困惑的基础上,对中职数学教学改革提出几点思考,以期能有所帮助。%Teaching secondary vocational school mathematics curriculum has been faced a lot of confusions. How to deepen the reform of mathematics teaching is the practical need of vocational education. On the basis of analysis of the present confusing Math Teaching Reform of vocational mathematics teaching,the paper intends to put forward some ideas to solve the problems.

  19. Social development of 21st century and reform of China's elementary education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ye Lan

    2006-01-01

    The Chinese society of the 21st century is at a critical period of transformation.The emergence of globalization and informationalization are the most striking changes of the current Chinese society.The profound change in the social transformation and its penetrating influence on people's lives has revealed the disadvantages of the present education.For 10 years,the"New Elementary Education",based on the background of Chinese society,and the demand for school education reform clearly puts forward the necessity of education reform in the period of social transformation,in other words,education should achieve its transformational development.This paper presents a deep research of globalization and informationalization,which are the background of Chinese social transformation.On this basis,the paper examines the implication of"school transformational reform"of the present-day Chinese elementary education,and finally proposes some steps for achieving"school transformational reform".

  20. Current issues of preventing tobacco use in secondary school graduates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florova N.B.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Here is identified the tendency to reduce the effectiveness of anti-tobacco prevention work among graduating students of secondary school. This decline may be due to psychological and social reasons. It is shown that risk factors of involving in chemical dependency are meaningfully disclosed in longitudinal studies, whereas the dynamics of personal change during the formation of anti-addictive prevention skills are more fully disclosed in the comparative age sections. The typical phenomena, accompanying the downward trend in prevention, are the growth of problem behavior and the crisis of mass dropout. Such phenomena are so great that they are recognized as a crisis at a state level.

  1. A Reflection on the Current Problems in English Reading Teaching in Middle Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓敏

    2015-01-01

    For EFL students at middle school, reading is significant to their English language learning. But there are problems in middles’ English reading teaching.This paper tries to explore the current problems in English reading in middle schools and make a reflection.

  2. Mindfulness for Children in Public Schools: Current Research and Developmental Issues to Consider

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadwick, Jeanne; Gelbar, Nicholas W.

    2016-01-01

    Mindfulness-based interventions have increased in popularity over the past decade and interest continues to increase in the potential to use mindfulness-based interventions in schools. The current research concerning school-based mindfulness-based interventions is reviewed in this article. This research base is fragmented, as most of the studies…

  3. A Reflection on the Current Problems in English Reading Teaching in Middle Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓敏

    2015-01-01

    For EFL students at middle school,reading is significant to their English language learning.But there are problems in middles’English reading teaching.This paper tries to explore the current problems in English reading in middle schools and make a refl ection.

  4. Rational Thinking on Adolescent Physical Health and Reform of School P.E.Curriculum%青少年体质健康与学校体育课程改革思辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶丹

    2016-01-01

    Adolescent physical health is the foundation of national continuation and rejuvenation .The paper mainly adopts methods of literature and practical survey to study adolescent physical health and current reform situation of middle school P.E.curriculum.The study shows that the theoretical reform of school P .E.curriculum is beyond P.E.teaching practice;P.E.teachers are in confusion and bewilderment in teaching practice;P.E. teaching in class deviates from education and has become a mere formality .Ascension of adolescent physical health level has become a complex social problem .The development of school sports needs to adjust the strategy , form social mainstream culture that emphasizes physical education to improve the status of P .E.class in school education .Carrying forward P .E.curriculum reform with higher national sense of responsibility and implementing sports special courses are effective measures to enhance the level of adolescent physical health .%青少年体质健康是民族传续和民族复兴的基础。主要采用文献资料法、实践调研等研究方法,对青少年体质健康和中学体育课程改革现状进行研究。研究表明:学校体育课程理论改革超越于体育教学实践,体育教师在教学实践中处于困惑与迷茫的状态,体育课堂教学背离教育,体育成为一种流于形式的教育。青少年体质健康水平的提升成为一种复杂的社会问题。学校体育的发展需要调整战略,需要形成重视体育教育的社会主流文化,提高体育课在学校教育中的地位。以高度的民族责任感进行体育课程改革,推行体育专项课是提升青少年体质健康水平的有效举措。

  5. 高等医学院校成人教育大学英语教学改革探析%Research on the reform of adult College English teaching in medical schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈淑霞

    2014-01-01

    This paper argues that there are a number of problems in current adult College English teaching in medical schools which directly affect the quality of College English teaching and even the quality of medical adult education. The article makes a research on the reform of the adult College English teaching in medical schools from three aspects: first, it reveals the particularity of the medical adult students;second, it analyzes the main problems existing in the medical adult College English teaching; finally, it puts forward the important measures to reform the medical adult College English teaching. It aims to improve the quality of adult College English teaching in medical schools.%当前,医学院校成人教育大学英语教学中存在许多问题,直接影响大学英语教学质量乃至整个医学成人教育质量。本文从揭示医学成人教育教学对象的特殊性,分析医学成人大学英语教学实践中存在的主要问题,以及提出医学成人大学英语教学改革措施等三个方面,对医学院校成人大学英语教学改革进行探析,以期提高医学院校成人大学英语教学质量。

  6. 新课改下农村中学的英语校本教研%English School-based Teaching Research in Rural Middle School in New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田健

    2011-01-01

    In order to realize professional development of English teachers and promote new English curriculum reform, teachers should probe into constructing English school-based teaching research pattern adapting to new curriculum.%为了实现英语教师的专业成长,有力地推进英语新课程改革,教师应探索建立与新课程相适应的英语校本教研方式。

  7. The impact of clinical pharmacy services in China on the quality use of medicines: a systematic review in context of China's current healthcare reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penm, Jonathan; Li, Yan; Zhai, Suodi; Hu, Yongfang; Chaar, Betty; Moles, Rebekah

    2014-10-01

    Recently, China initiated an ambitious healthcare reform aiming to provide affordable and equitable basic health care to all by 2020. To meet these goals, new policies issued by China's Ministry of Health mandate clinical pharmacy services be integrated into China's hospitals. This review aims to highlight the impact of clinical pharmacy services on the quality use of medicines in hospitals in China. Both English and Chinese databases were used. For the English databases, Web of Science, Medline, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts and Embase were searched using the following keywords ('pharmacists' OR 'pharmacy' OR 'pharmaceutical services/pharmaceutical care') AND ('China'). For the Chinese database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database on disc was searched using the following keywords ('clinical pharmacist' OR 'clinical pharmacy' OR 'pharmaceutical care' OR 'pharmaceutical services'). Articles were then retrieved from WanFang database and China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database. A total of 75 published papers were included in this review. The majority of studies were conducted in the inpatient setting (68%), which included clinical pharmacy interventions such as educating doctors and patients, evaluating and monitoring the implementation of hospital policies and/or reviewing medications on the ward. In the outpatient setting, the majority of studies conducted involved educating patients. Clinical pharmacy services frequently focused on antimicrobials (44%). More than half of these studies employed an administrative intervention alongside the clinical pharmacy service. Clinical pharmacy services in China, with its unique healthcare system and cultural nuances, appear to positively influence patient care and the appropriate use of medications. From the published literature, it is expected that clinical pharmacy services can make a strong contribution to China's healthcare reform with further governmental and educational support. Published by Oxford

  8. A Study of School Culture, Leadership, Teacher Quality and Student Outcomes via a Performance Framework in Elementary Schools Participating in a School Reform Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohlson, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among teacher quality characteristics and school culture components and their influence upon student attendance and suspension rates. In addition, the research also examined the educational leadership practices of exemplary school principals in relation to the components of a collaborative…

  9. Foreign Languages in Vienna Primary Schools – in Mainstream Education and in Current Experimental Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renate Seebauer

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Starting with a short retrospective and an overview of the incorporation of foreign language learning into the Austrian curriculum for primary schools the paper in hand describes the current situation of foreign language teaching in primary schools as well as various current models of foreign language education in primary schools in Vienna (school year 1 to 4. In terms of objectives these models exceed the requirements of the curriculum of the formal education system or regard themselves as quantitative and qualitative enrichment. They follow different didactic approaches and/or site-specific characteristics and needs. The formulation of basic skills is to be understood as an attempt to find a common basis of output indicators and to facilitate the transition to secondary education. Although English is the most commonly chosen resp. offered language the paper also refers to school experiments that focus on Romance or Slavic languages or on languages of Austra’s neighbouring countries.

  10. 从同课异构看课改--论高中思想政治课堂教学的改革%Reformation of Ideology and Politics Classroom Teaching in Senior High Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学军

    2016-01-01

    This article studies the current classroom teaching, rethinks about the achievement of class teaching reform and explores the formation of high efficient ideology and politics classes based on the summary and analysis on heterogeneous forms of ideology and politics classes. This article also discusses effective teaching and research ways to promote the professional growth of teachers and advance the reform of ideology and politics classroom teaching in senior high schools.%文章通过对高中思想政治课同课异构校本教研活动的总结与分析研究,透视学科组教师课堂教学状况,反思课堂教学改革的成效,探索新时期思想政治课高效课堂的构建。同时不断研究有效教研的形式,从而促进教师专业成长,不断推进高中思想政治课堂教学改革。

  11. Education Reform in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Dowson

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Since the early 1990s, the pace of educational reform in Hong Kong has accelerated and broadened to incorporate almost all areas of schooling. The reforms introduced during this period can be subsumed under what has generally been labelled the quality movement. In this paper, we review and comment on a number of policy reform initiatives in the four areas of "Quality Education," English Language Benchmarking, Initial Teacher Training and the Integration of Pupils with Special Needs into Ordinary Classrooms. Following a brief description of each policy initiative, the reforms are discussed in terms of their consistency, coherence and cultural fit.

  12. 清末东北地区私塾改良述论%Study on the Private School Reform in the Northeast Region during the Late Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高月

    2011-01-01

    Private school reform is the important content of education reform during the late Qing Dynasty.The unsuccessful situation of new school development is the important reason for which the Qing Dynasty reforms the private school.The local government in the northeast region reformed the private school by setting up management organization,improving the private school teacher,reforming the content and paying attention to the connecting between the new learning and old learning.Although the reform did not transform the private school to the new school and did not realize the transformation of education model from traditional one to modern one,the central government infiltrated state power to the traditional education area and brought the traditional education model into the education system controlled by the central government.%私塾改良是清末教育改革的重要内容,新式学堂发展的乏力是清政府进行私塾改良的重要原因。东北地方当局通过设立私塾管理机构、改良塾师、改良教授内容和注重新学与旧学的衔接等手段对私塾进行了改良。东北私塾改良并未达到将私塾转换为小学的预期目标,在形式上并未实现教育模式由传统向现代的转变。但清政府通过私塾改良将国家权力渗透入传统教育领域,将传统教育模式纳入了由政府主导的教育体系中。

  13. The Stuttgart Reform Concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienert, F.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews curriculum reform being implemented at the Library School of Stuttgart for students planning to work in public libraries. Components of the new curriculum include core courses in library science, electives in special areas of librarianship, seminars in chosen subject disciplines, and field work in libraries and government agencies. (LRW)

  14. Factors Contributing to the Current Academic Performance of Both Private Primary Schools and Public Primary Schools: A Case of Kitale Municipality, Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catherine, Ochenje

    2015-01-01

    There have been current controversial discussions concerning the performance of private primary schools versus public primary schools in the Kenya Certificate of Primary Examination (K.C.P.E.). Lately, the private primary schools appear to be performing better than public primary schools. For example; in the 2003 K.C.P.E. results, more than 31% of…

  15. Control study on aggressive behavior about the boys from reform school and ordinary school%工读男生与普通男生攻击性行为的对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青青; 王赟; 罗艳艳; 杨世昌

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解工读男生和普通男生的攻击性行为现状,探究工读男生的攻击性特点。方法以班级为单位整群随机选取河南省郑州市工读学校、洛阳市工读学校学生90名为实验组,选取新乡市第一中学初中学生90名为对照组,均施以基本情况调查表及攻击性问卷调查。结果年龄与言语攻击因子、愤怒因子、敌意因子呈负相关(P <0.05);工读男生较普通男生在攻击性和躯体攻击差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);高攻击水平分组中,工读男生较普通中学男生表现出更高的言语攻击;低攻击水平分组中,工读男生与普通中学男生在躯体攻击上差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论工读男生有更高的攻击性,躯体攻击较为突出。高攻击性的工读男生更多使用言语攻击,低攻击性的工读男生有更多的躯体攻击倾向。%Objective To understand the situation of aggressive behavior about the boys who come from reform school and ordi-nary school,meamwhile to explore the characteristics of aggressive behavior about the boys from reform school. Methods Experimental group covered 90 boys from reform school in either Zhengzhou or Luoyang while control group included 90 boys from ordinary shool in Xinxiang,all students were randomly selected in cluster sampling taking class as unit to complete the basic situation questionnaire ag-gression questionnaire. Results Age is negatively correlated to verbal aggression,anger and hostility(P < 0. 05). A significant differ-ence about the body attacks and aggressive were found between two groups(P < 0. 05). At a high aggression level,the experimental group have more verbal attack,at a low aggression level,a significant difference on body attack was found between two groups(P <0. 05). Conclusion Boys in reform school have a higher tendency of aggression,especially the body attack. At high aggression level, students in reform school show more

  16. New Exploration of Teaching Reform Based on "Mathematics Teaching Methodology in Primary School "under the Background of the New Curriculum%高等师范院校“小学数学教学论”课程教学改革探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁宇; 邹循东

    2012-01-01

    "小学数学教学论"是本、专科小学教育专业的核心课程,基础教育数学课程改革对小学数学教师素质提出了新的要求,现行的"小学数学教学论"教学已明显滞后,本课程的课程教学改革应该在教学内容、教学方法、教学实践、考试评价等方面进行探索。%"Primary school mathematics teaching methodology" is the core course in the primary school education specialized for undergraduates and specialists. The mathematics curriculum reform of elementary education in primary school puts forward new requirements to the quality of mathematics teachers at ele- mentary schools. The current primary school mathematics teaching methodology has been tremendously lag- ging behind. Teaching reform in the course of teaching should involve teaching contents, methods, prac- tice, examination assessment and evaluation and so on.

  17. 顶层设计理念下的学前教育专业理论课程实践教学改革--以《学前心理学》课程为例%The Practice Teaching Reform of Pre -school Education Major’s Theory Curriculum Under the Top Design Concept---Taking“Pre -school Psychology” course as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖勇强; 叶逢福; 吕伟

    2015-01-01

    目前,学前教育专业毕业生普遍遭到“理论高于实践”和“实践能力差”的评价,存在入职适应期较长、入职早期实践能力欠缺的问题。我校在实践教学体系的构建与改革中运用顶层设计理念另辟蹊径,尝试在专业理论课程中围绕岗位核心技能提升这一主旨开展学生实践能力培养的改革,取得了一定的成效。%Currently, universal pre -school education major graduates encounter “theory above the practice”and “practice poor” rating.There are problems of a longer adaptation period atfer recruits, and lack of practical a-bility during early working period.We find a new path of using the top -level design in school construction and re-form practice teaching system, trying to focus on the core skill of professional position in theoretical courses to en-hance the cultivation of the students practice ability to carry out reforms, and achieved certain results.

  18. Current and Future School Psychologists' Preparedness to Work with LGBT Students: Role of Education and Gay-Straight Alliances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Prerna G.; Kelly, Jennifer; Goldstein, Thalia R.

    2016-01-01

    This study sought to assess current and future school psychologists' attitudes toward and preparedness to address the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students in schools. Two-hundred seventy-nine school psychologists (n = 162, 58%) and school psychology graduate students (n = 117, 42%) were included in the study.…

  19. Alumni of High School Internship Program Return for 25th Anniversary to Inspire Current Students | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Building 549 auditorium is often packed with high school interns eager to hear a scientific lecture. On April 22, however, the room swelled with interns spanning a wider age range. At the 25th Werner H. Kirsten Student Intern Program (WHK SIP) Anniversary Symposium, incoming, current, and former interns gathered to celebrate the program, which has provided biomedical research experience for local high school seniors.

  20. How to Improve Current Situation of the Communicative Approach in High School EFL Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽芳

    2009-01-01

    The Communicative Approach has been used in EFL teaching of China for years; but still there are some problems centers around it when it is applied in high school English teaching. This paper explores the current situation of the Communicative Approach in Chinese high school EFL teaching by first looking at a simple case study, and then some suggestions are given as to how to improve this situation.

  1. Self-consistent electrostatic simulations of reforming double layers in the downward current region of the aurora

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gunell, H.; Keyser, J. de [Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); Andersson, L. [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Lab. for Atmospheric and Space Physics; Mann, I. [EISCAT Scientific Association, Kiruna (Sweden); Umeaa Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Physics

    2015-07-01

    The plasma on a magnetic field line in the downward current region of the aurora is simulated using a Vlasov model. It is found that an electric field parallel to the magnetic fields is supported by a double layer moving toward higher altitude. The double layer accelerates electrons upward, and these electrons give rise to plasma waves and electron phase-space holes through beam-plasma interaction. The double layer is disrupted when reaching altitudes of 1- 2 Earth radii where the Langmuir condition no longer can be satisfied due to the diminishing density of electrons coming up from the ionosphere. During the disruption the potential drop is in part carried by the electron holes. The disruption creates favourable conditions for double layer formation near the ionosphere and double layers form anew in that region. The process repeats itself with a period of approximately 1 min. This period is determined by how far the double layer can reach before being disrupted: a higher disruption altitude corresponds to a longer repetition period. The disruption altitude is, in turn, found to increase with ionospheric density and to decrease with total voltage. The current displays oscillations around a mean value. The period of the oscillations is the same as the recurrence period of the double layer formations. The oscillation amplitude increases with increasing voltage, whereas the mean value of the current is independent of voltage in the 100 to 800V range covered by our simulations. Instead, the mean value of the current is determined by the electron density at the ionospheric boundary.

  2. Distributed Leadership for ICT Reform in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, David; Ho, Jeanne

    2012-01-01

    This study examines distributed leadership in Information Communication Technology reform in a government school in Singapore. The study adopts a naturalistic inquiry approach, drawing upon a case study of the aforementioned school for much of its data. The study found that leadership for Information Communication Technology reform is distributed…

  3. Distributed Leadership for ICT Reform in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, David; Ho, Jeanne

    2012-01-01

    This study examines distributed leadership in Information Communication Technology reform in a government school in Singapore. The study adopts a naturalistic inquiry approach, drawing upon a case study of the aforementioned school for much of its data. The study found that leadership for Information Communication Technology reform is distributed…

  4. The High Cost of Failing to Reform Public Education in Indiana. School Choice Issues in the State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlob, Brian J.

    2006-01-01

    This study documents the public costs of high school dropouts in Indiana, and examines how school choice would provide large public benefits by increasing the graduation rate in Indiana public schools. It calculates the annual cost of high school dropouts in Indiana due to lower state income tax payments, increased reliance on Medicaid, and…

  5. The High Cost of Failing to Reform Public Education in Texas. School Choice Issues in the State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlob, Brian J.

    2008-01-01

    Research has documented a crisis in Texas high school graduation rates. Only 67 percent of Texas students graduate from high school, and some large urban districts have graduation rates of 50 percent or lower. This study documents the public costs of high school dropouts in Texas and examines how school choice could provide large public benefits…

  6. The High Cost of Failing to Reform Public Education in Missouri. School Choice Issues in the State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlob, Brian J.

    2006-01-01

    As a large body of high-quality research has emerged in the past few years showing that school choice benefits the students who use it, much of the debate has shifted to the "public" or "social" effects of school choice. This study examines how school choice in Missouri would raise high school graduation rates, and measures the…

  7. What Schools Are Doing around Career Development: Implications for Policy and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Justin C.; Wallace, Eric W.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the role that schools are playing in supporting career development for young people. It examines the history of career-related programming in schools, including school-to-work programs, career and technical education, the college and career readiness movement, and current school reform initiatives. This understanding of…

  8. Educational Reform in an Era of Disinformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David C. Berliner

    1993-02-01

    Full Text Available Data which suggest the failure of America's schools to educate its youth well do not survive careful scrutiny. School reforms based on these questionable data are wrongheaded and potentially distructive of quality education. Reforms of the kind proposed by those who have started from an assumption that America's schools have failed will exacerbate the differences between the "have" and the "have-not" school districts.

  9. Inclusive Education Reform in Primary Schools of Bangladesh: Leadership Challenges and Possible Strategies to Address the Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullick, Jahirul; Deppeler, Joanne; Sharma, Umesh

    2012-01-01

    Inclusive education (IE) is at an early stage of development in Bangladesh. In response to international policies and declarations over the past two decades (UNESCO, 1990; UNSCO, 1994, UNESCO, 2000) IE reform in Bangladesh has enacted a number of national policies and developed several professional development initiatives. This paper reports on…

  10. The "Naked Truth" Isn't Very Revealing: A Response to Wade Nelson on School Reform in Minnesota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitton, Debra Eckerman

    1999-01-01

    A participant in Minnesota's standards-based reform initiative claims Wade Nelson, in his May 1998 "Kappan" article, is misinformed about teachers' exclusion from this movement. The standards constitute a minimal competence level in reading, math, and writing, were developed cooperatively, and have raised teacher expectations of…

  11. Educational Reforms and Marketization in Norway--A Challenge to the Tradition of the Social Democratic, Inclusive School?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helgøy, Ingrid; Homme, Anne

    2016-01-01

    A social democratic, egalitarian public sector and a corporatist political economy have been strong, distinctive and enduring characteristics of Norwegian education. However, this article demonstrates that the education sector has experienced a period of rapid and extensive implementation of New Public Management (NPM) reforms and post-NPM reforms…

  12. Current Practices for Providing School Field Trip Meals: Perspectives of School Nutrition Managers and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sneed, Jeannie; Vaterlaus Patten, Emily

    2015-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The Healthy, Hunger Free Kids Act of 2010 extended the requirements for a school food safety program to wherever food is stored, prepared, or served, including meals for field trips. The purpose of this study was to determine what foods are used for field trip meals, how those foods are transported and stored, and what standard…

  13. Current tobacco use among middle and high school students--United States, 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    Tobacco use continues to be the leading preventable cause of death and disease in the United States, with nearly 443,000 deaths occurring annually because of cigarette smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. Moreover, nearly 90% of adult smokers begin smoking by age 18 years. To assess current tobacco use among youths, CDC analyzed data from the 2011 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS). This report describes the results of that analysis, which indicated that, in 2011, the prevalence of current tobacco use among middle school and high school students was 7.1% and 23.2%, respectively, and the prevalence of current cigarette use was 4.3%, and 15.8%, respectively. During 2000-2011, among middle school students, a linear downward trend was observed in the prevalence of current tobacco use (14.9% to 7.1%), current combustible tobacco use (14.0% to 6.3%), and current cigarette use (10.7% to 4.3%). For high school students, a linear downward trend also was observed in these measures (current tobacco use [34.4% to 23.2%], current combustible tobacco use [33.1% to 21.0%], and current cigarette use [27.9% to 15.8%]). Interventions that are proven to prevent and reduce tobacco use among youths include media campaigns, limiting advertisements and other promotions, increasing the price of tobacco products, and reducing the availability of tobacco products for purchase by youths. These interventions should continue to be implemented as part of national comprehensive tobacco control programs and should be coordinated with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations restricting the sale, distribution, and marketing of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products to youths.

  14. School-Based Management Developments: Challenges and Impacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandur, Agustinus

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the current school-based management (SBM) policy reform in Indonesia, with an emphasis on the impacts of shifting authority and responsibility to school level, as well as challenges confronted by the school council members, followed by remedial measures to minimize the problems.…

  15. The Results of the New Hampshire Education Funding Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlob, Brian J.

    This report highlights research that examined education finance data for the 1998-99 school year, the year prior to the introduction of finance reforms in New Hampshire, and the 1999-00 to 2001-02 school years, the 3 years following the introduction of reform. Following are some of the conclusions about New Hampshire's education finance reform.…

  16. Gender Politics in 21st Century Literacy Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Kay

    2013-01-01

    From 2001 to 2004 Education Queensland undertook significant literacy reform in schools through the Literate Futures Project. Research into the impact of this reform has revealed that significant demands were placed on women at all levels, from those producing resources to those leading change within schools. Although the reform was a government…

  17. [Current Problems Encountered by American Youth: Delinquency, Crime, School Violence, School Discipline, and Related Matters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regnery, Alfred S.

    This paper presents a broad overview of information about delinquency, crime, and school discipline and violence in relation to U.S. youths. Part 1 compares U.S. and West Germany's crime rates for 1980-1985, while part 2 focuses on U.S. juvenile crime facts and on the contribution of the increasing number of U.S. family breakdowns to juvenile…

  18. 关于中职服装设计教学改革的几点思考%Reflections on Teaching Reform of Clothing Design in Secondary Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾成一

    2014-01-01

    现阶段,随着国家国民经济实力迅速增强,人们物质生活水平显著提高,人们对服装的审美要求越来越高。中职学校开设服装设计专业,在培养服装设计人才方面发挥着十分重要的作用。培养出社会上出色的服装设计人才成为中职学校服装设计教学的重要目标。然而,中职学校在服装设计专业教学过程中,受传统教学思想的制约和牵制,在服装设计专业教学过程中存在种种缺陷和问题,影响了中职服装设计专业教学的质量。因此,改革中职服装设计专业的教学,是当前中职学校的重要任务。%At present, along with national economy develops rapidly, people’ material life level increased significantly, people’s aesthetic demand is higher and higher to the clothing. Secondary vocational schools have dress design major, in costume design education plays a very important role. Cultivating outstanding costume design talents is the important goals of the costume design teaching in secondary vocational schools. However, professional shortcomings and problems exist in the teaching process with the restriction of the traditional teaching ideas, which influence the quality of the costume design professional teaching level in secondary school. Therefore, the reform of secondary vocational clothing design professional teaching, is an important task of the current secondary vocational school.

  19. Effect of Polya Problem-Solving Model on Senior Secondary School Students' Performance in Current Electricity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olaniyan, Ademola Olatide; Omosewo, Esther O.; Nwankwo, Levi I.

    2015-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the Effect of Polya Problem-Solving Model on Senior School Students' Performance in Current Electricity. It was a quasi experimental study of non- randomized, non equivalent pre-test post-test control group design. Three research questions were answered and corresponding three research hypotheses were tested…

  20. Group Therapy for School-Aged Children Who Stutter: A Survey of Current Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liddle, Hilary; James, Sarah; Hardman, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    Although group therapy is recommended for school-aged children who stutter (CWS), it is not widely researched. This study aimed to explore this provision, using a postal survey which investigated the current practices of Speech & Language Therapists (SLTs) in the UK. Seventy percent of SLT services provided some group therapy, but the level of…

  1. The Reformation of Elementary School Science Education in Postwar Japan and the Translation and Publication of "Science for the Elementary School Teacher" and "Science in Childhood Education" Written by G. S. Craig

    OpenAIRE

    柴, 一実

    2000-01-01

    G. S. Craig's writings were most popular in the 1940s in America and he described the theory of the democratic science education in his books. In order to make use of reforming the elementary school science education in Occupied Japan, Craig's books were translated into Japanese. GHQ/SCAP carried out it in accordance with the CIE Translation Program as a part of the Cultural Exchange Programs. His versions, "Kagaku no kyoshitsu" (1949) and "Kagaku to kodomo no seikatsu" (1949), resulted in be...

  2. Excavating silences and tensions of agency|passivity in science education reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera Maulucci, Maria S.

    2010-12-01

    I reflect on studies by Rodriguez and Carlone, Haun-Frank, and Kimmel to emphasize the ways in which they excavate silences in the science education literature related to linguistic and cultural diversity and situating the problem of reform in teachers rather than contextual factors, such as traditional schooling discourses and forces that serve to marginalize science. I propose that the current push for top-down reform and accountability diminishes opportunities for receptivity, learning with and from students in order to transform teachers' practices and promote equity in science education. I discuss tensions of agency and passivity in science education reform and argue that attention to authentic caring constitutes another silence in the science education literature. I conclude that the current policy context positions teachers and science education researchers as tempered radicals struggling against opp(reg)ressive reforms and that there is a need for more studies to excavate these and other silences.

  3. Laboratories of Reform? Human Resource Management Strategies in Illinois Charter Schools. Policy Research: IERC 2016-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Bradford R.

    2016-01-01

    Charter schools are publicly-funded educational entities that operate independently from local school districts and are exempt from certain state and local requirements, particularly with regard to teacher personnel policy. In exchange for this flexibility, charter schools are held more accountable for results and may be shut down if they fail to…

  4. The Economic and Fiscal Costs of Failing to Reform K-12 Education in Georgia. School Choice Issues in the State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlob, Brian J.

    2009-01-01

    This study documents the public costs of high school dropouts in Georgia, and examines how policies that increase school choice, such as the recently-enacted tuition tax credit scholarship program will provide large public benefits by increasing public school graduation rates. The study calculates the annual cost of Georgia dropouts caused by…

  5. Reformer Fuel Injector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suder, Jennifer L.

    2004-01-01

    Today's form of jet engine power comes from what is called a gas turbine engine. This engine is on average 14% efficient and emits great quantities of green house gas carbon dioxide and air pollutants, Le. nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides. The alternate method being researched involves a reformer and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Reformers are becoming a popular area of research within the industry scale. NASA Glenn Research Center's approach is based on modifying the large aspects of industry reforming processes into a smaller jet fuel reformer. This process must not only be scaled down in size, but also decrease in weight and increase in efficiency. In comparison to today's method, the Jet A fuel reformer will be more efficient as well as reduce the amount of air pollutants discharged. The intent is to develop a 10kW process that can be used to satisfy the needs of commercial jet engines. Presently, commercial jets use Jet-A fuel, which is a kerosene based hydrocarbon fuel. Hydrocarbon fuels cannot be directly fed into a SOFC for the reason that the high temperature causes it to decompose into solid carbon and Hz. A reforming process converts fuel into hydrogen and supplies it to a fuel cell for power, as well as eliminating sulfur compounds. The SOFC produces electricity by converting H2 and CO2. The reformer contains a catalyst which is used to speed up the reaction rate and overall conversion. An outside company will perform a catalyst screening with our baseline Jet-A fuel to determine the most durable catalyst for this application. Our project team is focusing on the overall research of the reforming process. Eventually we will do a component evaluation on the different reformer designs and catalysts. The current status of the project is the completion of buildup in the test rig and check outs on all equipment and electronic signals to our data system. The objective is to test various reformer designs and catalysts in our test rig to determine the most

  6. On the Development of the Mozambican School System during the Years 1975-1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asunta, Tuula; Soverano, Antuia

    1999-01-01

    Describes the development of the educational system in Mozambique since the country's independence in 1975. Addresses administrative and supervisory structure, primary education, pre-university school and adult education, teacher education, and current reform programs. (WRM)

  7. On the Development of the Mozambican School System during the Years 1975-1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asunta, Tuula; Soverano, Antuia

    1999-01-01

    Describes the development of the educational system in Mozambique since the country's independence in 1975. Addresses administrative and supervisory structure, primary education, pre-university school and adult education, teacher education, and current reform programs. (WRM)

  8. Are the Schools We HAVE the Schools We NEED in Ghana? A Contribution to the Ongoing Debate on Ghana's Education Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agbemabiese, Padmore E.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to contribute to the ongoing discussion on Ghana's education reform initiatives in the light of contemporary socioeconomic constraints, and linguistic and diversity issues. The Ghanaian education system today faces inadequate financial resources (for education programs) combined with the continuous unprecedented demand…

  9. Environment protection in the legal system of Albania: The current situation in Albania on combating environmental crimes and the new reform directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shkëlzen Selimi

    2016-07-01

    The conclusions reached at the end shows the evolution of the concept of environment and its protection, welcomes the new reform by noting the need of the judicial authorities to be trained in order to be fully implemented.

  10. Current tobacco use trends among Mississippi public high school students: 1993-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Zhen; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Bo; Hirsch, Erica E; May, Warren; Hart, Roy; Bishop, Melanie; Vargas, Rodolfo L

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates trends in tobacco use based on gender, race, and grade level among Mississippi public high school students during 1993-2009. Data were obtained by combining eight weighted Mississippi Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS). Current tobacco use (cigarette, smokeless, and cigar) was selected for investigation. During 1993-2009, the prevalence of current cigarette and cigar use among Mississippi public high school students showed a significant linear decrease (p tobacco use. Male students were more likely to be current tobacco users. White students were more likely to use cigarettes and smokeless tobacco. Programs that target male and white students on certain products such as smokeless tobacco are needed to further decrease overall tobacco use in the state.

  11. The Danish structural reform of government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerding, Allan Næs

    2005-01-01

    The reform of the three-tier system of government that the Danish society is about to implement is in accordance with the Danish tradition of structural reforms in the pre-war period. The agenda of the current reform derives naturally from the political debates and analyses that have taken place...

  12. 中职3D MAX课程教学改革探索%Exploration on Teaching Reformation in 3D MAX Course of Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈惠坤

    2012-01-01

    Describes 3D MAX course in vocational schools teaching present situation and the existing problems. With animation professional 3D MAX com~e as an example, puts forward the 3D MAX curriculum teaching objectives, discusses the teaching reformation and practice in the de- sign of the teaching content and the teaching stage arrangement, the corresponding teaching methods and material selection.%阐述3D MAX课程在中职教学中的课程现状及存在的现实问题.以动漫专业3D MAX课程为例,提出相应的中职3D MAX课程教学目标,着重论述教学改革实践设计中的教学内容及教学阶段的安排,相应教学方法的使用及教材选择等。

  13. 高级技工学校后勤管理工作的改革方向%Reforms in Advanced Technical Schools Logistics Management Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学军

    2015-01-01

    后勤管理工作是学校整体运作中不可或缺的重要方面,更提供了全校师生学习生活的基本保障.随着我国高级技工学校的不断发展,后勤管理工作也面临着不断增长的问题和新的要求.本文从高级技工学校后勤管理重要性出发,进一步梳理实际工作中遇到的种种问题,最后提出后勤管理工作的总体改革方向.%Logistics management is an important aspect of the overall operation of the school indispensable, but also provi-des teachers and students to learn basic life guarantee. With the continuous development of China's advanced technical schoo-ls, logistics management is also facing growing problems and new requirements. In this paper, the importance of logistics management, advanced technical schools starting the actual work to further sort out the problems encountered. Finally, put forward the overall direction of reform of logistics management.

  14. Misrecognition and science education reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, Carol B.

    2012-09-01

    In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and Passeron 1977) to open up new ways of thinking about science inquiry and school reform.

  15. Administrative Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plum, Maja

    Through the example of a Danish reform of educational plans in early childhood education, the paper critically addresses administrative educational reforms promoting accountability, visibility and documentation. Drawing on Foucaultian perspectives, the relation between knowledge and governing...... of administrative technology, tracing how the humanistic values of education embed and are embedded within ‘the professional nursery teacher' as an object and subject of administrative practice. Rather than undermining the humanistic potential of education, it is argued that the technology of accounting...

  16. Current status of Kampo medicine curricula in all Japanese medical schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arai Makoto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There have been a few but not precise surveys of the current status of traditional Japanese Kampo education at medical schools in Japan. Our aim was to identify problems and suggest solutions for a standardized Kampo educational model for all medical schools throughout Japan. Methods We surveyed all 80 medical schools in Japan regarding eight items related to teaching or studying Kampo medicine: (1 the number of class meetings, target school year(s, and type of classes; (2 presence or absence of full-time instructors; (3 curricula contents; (4 textbooks in use; (5 desire for standardized textbooks; (6 faculty development programmes; (7 course contents; and (8 problems to be solved to promote Kampo education. We conducted descriptive analyses without statistics. Results Eighty questionnaires were collected (100%. (1 There were 0 to 25 Kampo class meetings during the 6 years of medical school. At least one Kampo class was conducted at 98% of the schools, ≥4 at 84%, ≥8 at 44%, and ≥16 at 5%. Distribution of classes was 19% and 57% for third- and fourth-year students, respectively. (2 Only 29% of schools employed full-time Kampo medicine instructors. (3 Medicine was taught on the basis of traditional Japanese Kampo medicine by 81% of the schools, Chinese medicine by 19%, and Western medicine by 20%. (4 Textbooks were used by 24%. (5 Seventy-four percent considered using standardized textbooks. (6 Thirty-three percent provided faculty development programmes. (7 Regarding course contents, “characteristics” was selected by 94%, “basic concepts” by 84%, and evidence-based medicine by 64%. (8 Among the problems to be solved promptly, curriculum standardization was selected by 63%, preparation of simple textbooks by 51%, and fostering instructors responsible for Kampo education by 65%. Conclusions Japanese medical schools only offer students a short time to study Kampo medicine, and the impetus to include Kampo medicine

  17. The buzz on reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchard, E A

    1994-01-01

    Mr. Bouchard bravely travels through the maze of lingo and anagrams spawned by recent attempts at healthcare reform. This comprehensive list of terminology and definitions, which provides considerable detail and analysis, will be invaluable to anyone trying to understand current trends.

  18. The current status of Chinese medical education system and the avenues of reform%关于中国医学教育改革的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑加麟

    2011-01-01

    从分层次培养医学应用性、拔尖创新型医学人才,逐步建立及完善中国特定职业及专业医学高层次适用性人才,建立健全全科医学教育体系,扩展社区服务,形成以人为本的医疗保健体系,加强和健全农村和边远地区的医疗人才培养体系四方面对中国医学教育改革进行一些探讨,旨在为中国的新一轮医学教育体制改革和医疗体制改革提供参考。%This article focuses on the following sections : training of varied levels of medical professionals and joint creative and advanced levels of physician sciemists ; step-by-step building of the Chinese medical professional training system in order to provide efficient health care providers; build and strengthen the family medicine and primary care education system, expand the community health care service and form a stable medical care system which focuses on individuals; and strengthen and reorganize the educational systems for training better quality and suitable countryside and rural area health care providers. The purpose is that through analysis and discussion, we could explore different options as well as provide insightful and helpful tips for Chinese medical education and health care reform, which are currently being conducted in China.

  19. "Pushed out of School for Being Me": New York City's Struggle to Include Youth and Community Voices in School Discipline Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Kesi

    2015-01-01

    Every day in New York City, between 90,000 and 100,000 young people, almost all of them Black and Latina/o, must show up to school thirty to forty-five minutes before their first class begins because they attend schools with metal detectors and scanners. School administrators and policymakers have accepted this scenario as part of Black and…

  20. Middle-Class School Choice in Urban Spaces: The Economics of Public Schooling and Globalized Education Reform. Routledge Research in Education Policy and Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Emma E.

    2016-01-01

    "Middle-class School Choice in Urban Spaces" examines government funded public schools from a range of perspectives and scholarship in order to examine the historical, political and economic conditions of public schooling within a globalized, post-welfare context. In this book, Rowe argues that post-welfare policy conditions are…

  1. Challenging the Sounds of Silence: A Qualitative Study of Gay-Straight Alliances and School Reform Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayberry, Maralee; Chenneville, Tiffany; Currie, Sean

    2013-01-01

    We explore the efficacy of one increasingly familiar strategic intervention designed to disrupt antigay school environments--Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs). Despite the increasing popularity of GSAs, there has been little research on the ways in which they do--and do not--impact school climate. The ubiquity of antigay and homophobic attitudes…

  2. A Persistent Reformer: Jonathan Kozol's Work to Promote Equality in America. Adolescent Cultures, School and Society. Volume 59

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ognibene, Richard, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Jonathan Kozol has been a leading educational critic and social activist since 1967 when "Death at an Early Age," his book about racism in Boston's schools, was published and won a National Book Award. Since then, Kozol has written eleven more books which focus on such issues as segregation in schools and society, poverty, inequitable school…

  3. Can Instructional Reform in Urban Middle Schools Help Students Narrow the Mathematics Performance Gap? Some Evidence from the QUASAR Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, Edward A.; Lane, Suzanne

    1995-01-01

    Compared mathematical performance of middle school students in low-income communities involved in the QUASAR project to those of a demographically similar school and of a nationally representative sample. QUASAR mathematics instruction emphasizes reasoning, problem-solving, and understanding. Quasar students outperformed NAEP's disadvantaged urban…

  4. PBL in the Era of Reform Standards: Challenges and Benefits Perceived by Teachers in One Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariman, Nahid; Chrispeels, Janet

    2016-01-01

    We explore teachers' efforts to implement problem-based learning (PBL) in an elementary school serving predominantly English learners. Teachers had an opportunity to implement the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) using PBL in a summer school setting with no test-pressures. To understand the challenges and benefits of PBL implementation, a…

  5. The Making of Sophomores: Student, Parent, and Teacher Reactions in the Context of Systemic Urban High School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Nancy C.; Beltyukova, Svetlana A.; Berman, Karen; Francis, Anthony

    2007-01-01

    America's urban high schools are having trouble making sophomores, resulting in freshmen classes bulging with students repeating a grade. Research shows that these students are at high risk of failure and dropout. Urban districts have begun to respond to the notable "freshmen bulge" through school restructuring. This mixed-methods study examines…

  6. Civic Mobilization for School Reform in Rivergrove, Florida: Contesting the "Social Construction of Place" in an Inner Ring Suburban City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shircliffe, Barbara J.; Lance Rowland, M.

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines civic mobilization for school improvement in Rivergrove, a small suburban city within the inner rings of a large Florida metro (All names of individuals, schools, organizations and communities are pseudonyms per IRB agreement with district. Subsequently, references to local media reports and city documents are disguised to meet…

  7. A Study of Curriculum Development and Reform in Residential Schools for the Blind in the United States: Three Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holiday, Jeremiah

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to understand curriculum development in residential schools for the blind after the enactment of NCLB and was guided by the research question, "How do residential schools for the blind and visually impaired develop their curriculum to meet the unique needs of students who are blind and visually impaired?" In the…

  8. 当前煤炭企业营销管理改革途径探究%Current Coal Enterprise Marketing Management Reform and Ways to Explore

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫进东

    2013-01-01

    煤炭企业营销管理改革是煤炭企业管理模式改革的重要组成部分。煤炭企业销售管理的改革工作应当以实现企业利润最大化为目标,以提升企业竞争能力为重点,面向市场营销工作的各个环节,市场营销过程当中的各个基本内容,都应当被囊括在改革的规划当中。本文将通过经济学和市场营销学的基本理论,对当前煤炭企业营销管理改革途径进行探究。%The coal enterprise marketing management reform is an important part of the reform of coal enterprise management mode. Reform of the coal enterprises sales management goal should be to maximize corporate profits and to enhance the competitiveness of companies focused on all aspects of the market oriented marketing efforts, the basic content of the marketing process which should to be included in the planning of the reform them. This article will be to explore ways of coal enterprise marketing management reform through the basic theory of economics and marketing.

  9. Business school deans assess the current state of the IS academic field

    OpenAIRE

    Watson, Hugh J.; Sousa, Rui Dinis; Junglas, Iris

    2000-01-01

    Fourteen deans of business schools were interviewed to obtain their assessment of the current state of the IS field in terms of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats facing the discipline. Their observations are organized into nine categories: (1) interaction with the business community, (2) demand for IS courses, (3) identity of the IS field, (4) cross disciplinary nature of the field, (5) research rigor versus relevance, (6) competitors to IS, (7) cost of information tech...

  10. Critical review of geometry in current textbooks in lower secondary schools in Japan and the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Fujita, T; Jones, K

    2003-01-01

    This paper reports on an initial analysis of current best-selling textbooks for lower secondary schools in Japan and the UK (specifically Scotland) using an analytic framework derived from the study of the textbooks in the “Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study” (TIMSS). Our analysis indicates that, following the specification of the mathematics curriculum in these countries, Japanese textbooks set out to develop students’ deductive reasoning skills through the explicit teachi...

  11. 從八年研究實驗課程經驗反思高中課程改革的挑戰 Challenges of the High School Curriculum Reform: Reflections from the Experimental Curriculum Experience of the Eight-Year Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    宋明娟 Min-Chuan Sung

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available 高中課程改革的問題牽涉多端,本文旨在藉由美國二十世紀30至40年代之著名教育實驗「八年研究」中的課程議題,反思高中課程改革所面臨的挑戰。論述架構主要分為四個層面,首先回顧八年研究實驗課程的歷史意義與評價,其次討論八年研究推動過程中所涉入的課程實務議題;繼之據以提出八年研究實驗課程經驗的批判反思,來釐清課程改革之目的、定位、意義與價值的重要;最後則延 伸探討其對高中課程改革的啟示,藉之,希冀能為臺灣高中課程改革議題,提供不同的思維面向,以促進更審慎、更周延的高中課程改革決策。 High school curriculum reform involves many complicated issues. This study aims to discuss the challenges of high school curriculum reform by addressing the curriculum issues reflected in the Eight-Year Study, the well-known educational experiment conducted in the United States from 1930s to 1940s. Firstly, the authors review the historical significance of the experimental curriculum and the recommendations rendered by the Progressive Education Association at the end of the experiment. Then, this study discusses the issues involved in the implementation of the experimental curriculum in the Eight-Year Study. Additionally, the authors offer some critical reflections to rethink the curriculum experiment experience of the Eight-Year Study. Finally, this study addresses the implications of the issues and recommendations for the current high school curriculum reform in Taiwan. It is hoped that through the review of the historical curriculum events, this paper can provide different perspectives for more thoughtful deliberation in the policy making of the current high school curriculum reform.

  12. The Investigation of Primary School Teachers' Opinions Related to the Current Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halil İbrahim Sağlam

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine primary school teachers’ opinions related to current events. The study group is consisted of total 30 primary school teachers who take part in THE GROUPS OF 15 female (%50 and 15 male (%50 in Sakarya during 2015 -2016 the education year. The study is carried out under science facts pattern of qualitative research designs. In order to reveal teachers’ views on current events, the form of semi-structured interviews from which is qualitative data collection tools is used. There are two sections in this study. First section is about teachers' personal information and second section is about teachers' questions to determine their views on current events. For the content validity of the questions in the negotiation form, it has been consulted with three experts and made the necessary adjustments in line with their proposals. In addition, the clarity of the questions in the negotiation form has been checked by discussing with five teachers and then the form has been finalized. The data obtained from teachers ARE analyzed by using content analysis. In the study, it is concluded that 97% of the teachers follow the current events. It is shown that 93% of female teachers and 100% male teachers follow the current events. FURTHERMORE, it is indicated that %100 of the teachers use the internet in their house.

  13. Reform Trend of China Natural Gas Price Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Du Wei; Liu Xinping

    2012-01-01

    China's natural gas price policy reform lags behind refined oil price reform comparatively, and current natural gas price policy could not adapt to the new situation of large scale import of foreign natural gas. Natural gas price reform could refer to the reform mode of refined oil price.

  14. Reforming health care in Canada: current issues La reforma del sistema de atención a la salud en Canadá: situación actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enis Baris

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the current health care reform issues in Canada. The provincial health insurance plans of the 1960s and 1970s had the untoward effects of limiting the federal government’s clout for cost control and of promoting a system centered on inpatient and medical care. Recently, several provincial commissions reported that the current governance structures and management processes are outmoded in light of new knowledge, new fiscal realities and the evolution of power among stake-holders. They recommend decentralized governance and restructuring for better management and more citizen participation. Although Canada’s health care system remains committed to safeguarding its guiding principles, the balance of power may be shifting from providers to citizens and "technocrats". Also, all provinces are likely to increase their pressure on physicians by means of salary caps, by exploring payment methods such as capitation, limiting access to costly technology, and by demanding practice changes based on evidence of cost-effectiveness.Este artículo examina los temas más recientes en las reformas del sistema de atención a la salud en Canadá. Los planes de seguridad en el sector salud durante los años sesenta y setenta tuvieron efectos inapropiados en cuanto a que limitaron el poder del gobierno federal para controlar costos y promover un sistema centrado en la atención médico-hospitalaria. Recientemente, varias comisiones provinciales reportaron que las actuales estructuras de gobierno y gestión de los procesos no están actualizadas en términos del nuevo conocimiento, las nuevas realidades fiscales y la evolución en las formas de poder entre los grupos de interés. Sus recomendaciones incluyen formas descentralizadas de gobierno y mayor participación ciudadana. A pesar de que el sistema de atención a la salud en Canadá permanece comprometido a garantizar sus principios centrales, el balance de poder estaría cambiando de los

  15. Sexuality education in North American medical schools: current status and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shindel, Alan W; Parish, Sharon J

    2013-01-01

    Both the general public and individual patients expect healthcare providers to be knowledgeable and approachable regarding sexual health. Despite this expectation there are no universal standards or expectations regarding the sexuality education of medical students. To review the current state of the art in sexuality education for North American medical students and to articulate future directions for improvement. Evaluation of: (i) peer-reviewed literature on sexuality education (focusing on undergraduate medical students); and (ii) recommendations for sexuality education from national and international public health organizations. Current status and future innovations for sexual health education in North American medical schools. Although the importance of sexuality to patients is recognized, there is wide variation in both the quantity and quality of education on this topic in North American medical schools. Many sexual health education programs in medical schools are focused on prevention of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection. Educational material on sexual function and dysfunction, female sexuality, abortion, and sexual minority groups is generally scant or absent. A number of novel interventions, many student initiated, have been implemented at various medical schools to improve the student's training in sexual health matters. There is a tremendous opportunity to mold the next generation of healthcare providers to view healthy sexuality as a relevant patient concern. A comprehensive and uniform curriculum on human sexuality at the medical school level may substantially enhance the capacity of tomorrow's physicians to provide optimal care for their patients irrespective of gender, sexual orientation, and individual sexual mores/beliefs. © 2013 International Society for Sexual Medicine.

  16. Critical Race Feminism and the Complex Challenges of Educational Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Childers-McKee, Cherese D.; Hytten, Kathy

    2015-01-01

    Throughout the past several decades, there has been an abundance of research about school reform, particularly in schools predominated by students of color and students experiencing poverty. Critics acknowledge that many reform efforts have failed and comprehensive solutions to school change remain elusive. In this article, we provide an overview…

  17. 中学化学导学案教学实践反思--基于福建省某中学化学导学案教学课改个案研究%The Reflection of The Middle School Chemistry Guided Learning Plan Practice---A Case Study of A Middle School Chemistry Teaching Reform Practice in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭骥; 蔡文联

    2015-01-01

    “生为本”的导学案教学课改范式在当前的教育背景下面临着问题:传统教学思维到“生为本”教学理念难以直接转型。对福建地区某中学化学导学案教学课改展开个案研究,通过对其高中化学课程导学案教学的校本特色进行分析,发现在传统教学背景下,导学案教学实践应充分把握传统教学思想和“生为本”的现代教学理念的优势,融合学校自身教学条件进行创新,从而达到新旧教学思想的平稳、合理的转变。%In current education practice background, teaching reform practice example of guided learning plan face the problem that traditional teaching thinking to the concept of modern teaching is difficult to direct transformation. The author through the case study of school-based guided learning plan lesson change through the school-based characteristics of X middle school chemistry learning case teaching were analyzed, and summarizes the current environment, learning case teaching mode should be fully grasp the traditional teaching thoughts and teaching ideas of modern teaching characteristic, according to their own teaching conditions integrated schools innovation, so as to realize the reasonable smooth transformation of old and new teaching ideas.

  18. Current cariology education in dental schools in Spanish-speaking Latin American countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martignon, Stefania; Gomez, Juliana; Tellez, Marisol; Ruiz, Jaime A; Marin, Lina M; Rangel, Maria C

    2013-10-01

    This study sought to provide an overview of current cariology education in Spanish-speaking Latin American dental schools. Data collection was via an eighteen-item survey with questions about curriculum, methods of diagnosis and treatment, and instructors' perceptions about cariology teaching. The response rate was 62.1 percent (n=54), and distribution of participating schools by country was as follows: Bolivia (four), Chile (four), Colombia (twenty-four), Costa Rica (one), Cuba (one), Dominican Republic (two), El Salvador (two), Mexico (six), Panama (two), Peru (four), Puerto Rico (one), Uruguay (two), and Venezuela (one). Forty percent of the responding schools considered cariology the key axis of a course, with a cariology department in 16.7 percent. All schools reported teaching cariology, but with varying hours and at varying times in the curriculum, and 77.8 percent reported having preclinical practices. The majority reported teaching most main teaching topics, except for behavioral sciences, microbiology, saliva and systemic diseases, caries-risk factors, root caries, erosion, and early caries management strategies. The most frequently taught caries detection methods were visual-tactile (96.3 percent), radiographic (92.6 percent), and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) (61.1 percent). Respondents said their schools' clinics make an operative treatment decision when radiolucency is in the inner half of enamel (42.3 percent) for radiographic criteria and when the lesion is visually non-cavitated (5.8 percent). All respondents reported that their schools teach preventive strategies, but only 43.4 percent said they tie it to risk assessment and 40.7 percent said they implement nonsurgical management regularly.

  19. Dental Student Academic Integrity in U.S. Dental Schools: Current Status and Recommendations for Enhancement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Bruce S; Knight, G William; Graham, Linda

    2016-01-01

    Cheating incidents in 2006-07 led U.S. dental schools to heighten their efforts to enhance the environment of academic integrity in their institutions. The aims of this study were to document the measures being used by U.S. dental schools to discourage student cheating, determine the current incidence of reported cheating, and make recommendations for enhancing a culture of integrity in dental education. In late 2014-early 2015, an online survey was distributed to academic deans of all 61 accredited U.S. dental schools that had four classes of dental students enrolled; 50 (82%) responded. Among measures used, 98% of respondents reported having policy statements regarding student academic integrity, 92% had an Honor Code, 96% provided student orientation to integrity policies, and most used proctoring of final exams (91%) and tests (93%). Regarding disciplinary processes, 27% reported their faculty members only rarely reported suspected cheating (though required in 76% of the schools), and 40% disseminated anonymous results of disciplinary hearings. A smaller number of schools (n=36) responded to the question about student cheating than to other questions; those results suggested that reported cheating had increased almost threefold since 1998. The authors recommend that schools add cheating case scenarios to professional ethics curricula; disseminate outcomes of cheating enforcement actions; have students sign a statement attesting to compliance with academic integrity policies at every testing activity; add curricular content on correct writing techniques to avoid plagiarism; require faculty to distribute retired test items; acquire examination-authoring software programs to enable faculty to generate new multiple-choice items and different versions of the same multiple-choice tests; avoid take-home exams when assessing independent student knowledge; and utilize student assessment methods directly relevant to clinical practice.

  20. Under the New Curriculum Reform, the Ideas and Methods Innovation of Physical Education in High School%新课改下高中体育教学思路与方法创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨明兵

    2014-01-01

    With the development of the new curriculum reform and the innovation of education system, high school’s education development trend is quality education now. Therefore, high school physical education should be reformed to comply with the requirements of the times. For high school physical education, the need to reform teaching methods, to change the traditional mode of high school physical education teaching, we should innovative teaching model in order to train high-quality personnel, so that high school physical education class will full of vitality.%随着新课程改革的开展和教育体制的不断创新,当今高中教育的发展趋势是素质教育。高中体育教学也应该进行改革,以顺应时代的要求。对于高中体育教学来说,需要改革教学方式,只有改变传统的高中体育教学模式,进行教学模式的创新,才能培养出高素质的人才,让高中体育课堂充满活力。

  1. The policy of school autonomy and the reform of educational administration Hungarian changes in an East European perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halász, Gábor

    1993-11-01

    The paper presents the background, the main elements and the contradictions of the reform of educational administration in Hungary in the late '80s in a Central and East European perspective. It also tries to provide an analysis of the challenges that have emerged with the political changes of the '90s. The introductory part of the paper analyses the differences between policies of decentralization in Eastern and Western Europe. In the second part, the most important changes introduced by the 1985 Hungarian Education Act are summarized, and the policy background of these changes is presented. It is assumed that the policy behind the decentralization measures had a negative character: it intended more to abolish the existing structures of control than to establish new ones. In the final part of the paper those factors are presented which may play a role in the future for or against the policy of decentralization.

  2. 中小学品德评价存在的误区及其改革对策%The Misunderstanding and Reform on Students' Moral Evaluation in Primary and Secondary Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐学红

    2012-01-01

    Moral evaluation on students is an important part of educational evaluation, which plays a leading role in forming the moral character and personality development of students. This paper analyses the three misunderstandings of moral evaluation practice in the current school, namely quantification, utilitarian and discipline, and discusses the uniqueness of moral evaluation and some suggestions on reform, and also proposes establishing the developmental outlook of students' moral evaluation and the outlook of subjectivity, whole-function and diversified concepts.%学生品德评价,作为教育评价的重要组成部分,对学生的品德养成和人格发展具有教育引导作用。当前中小学品德评价普遍存在定量化、功利化和惩戒化等误区。中小学品德评价有一定的独特性,笔者针对品德评价存在的误区,提出改革对策,主张树立发展性的教育评价观,确立学生品德评价的学生主体观、全面功能观以及多维内容观。

  3. School Social Work in the United States: Current Evidence and Future Directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stone, Susan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper surveys the historical and school institutional factors that shape current workforce, programmatic, and practice trends related to school social work in America. A key strand developed throughout is that the field of practice appears to be at a crossroads. It is suggested that this field of practice may be enhanced by placing the central focus on schools as organisations and school-community relations as key targets of intervention.Este artículo examina los factores históricos e institucionales que perfilan al personal docente, las tendencias en las programaciones y las prácticas que se desarrollan en la actualidad en el ámbito del trabajo social en la escuela en los Estados Unidos de América. Un aspecto clave derivado de este examen es que la profesión parece estar en una encrucijada. Se sugiere como alternativa a esta situación, centrar la atención y los objetivos fundamentales de intervención en las escuelas como organizaciones, y en las relaciones que se generan entre las escuelas y la comunidad.

  4. Repairing and Renovating Aging School Facilities. ERIC Digest Series Number EA28.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klauke, Amy

    Recent influxes of baby boomers coupled with state reforms reducing student-teacher ratios are stretching the limits on available school facilities across the country. Several aspects of the school facilities issue are covered in question-and-answer format; (1) What is the current status of aging school buildings? (2) What are the financial…

  5. Connecting Schools to Neighborhood Revitalization: The Case of the Maple Heights Neighborhood Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesch, Lawrence P.

    2014-01-01

    This case study focuses on the way a neighborhood association connects schools to broad change in an urban neighborhood of a large Midwestern city. The first section provides a review of the literature on community involvement in school and neighborhood reform. It reviews the historical origins of the current school-community relationship, the…

  6. [The fight against school failure in children of migrants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarot, Adeline; Chomentowski, Martine; Moro, Marie Rose

    2013-01-01

    The "Mastering the language" scheme focuses on the prevention of illiteracy in children of migrants in vocation-oriented high schools. According to interviews carried out with teachers, there seems to be a transformation in their conception of teaching within the scheme, which is in line with the change encouraged by the current reform of the whole public service sector. This reform offers hope with regard to the humanisation of institutions which are currently violent.

  7. Political Reform at Watershed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    How to promote the reform of political institutions is one of the thorny issues facing China.The recent publication of the first book systematically illustrating the overall plan of the reform of China’s political institutions,Storming the Fortress:A Research Report on the Reform of China’s Political Institutions After the 17th Party Congress (abbreviated as Storming the Fortress) has attracted a lot of public attention.Besides the sensitive topic,the identities of the authors also con- tribute to the book’s bestselling.Most authors of the book are from the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC),an important think tank of the CPC.Because of this many people believe that the book represents the official standpoint.Beijing Review reporter Feng Jianhua conducted an interview with Professor Zhou Tianyong,Chief Compiler of the book and Deputy Director of the Research Office of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee.

  8. Current trends in medical English education and the Japan College of Rheumatology International School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jego, Eric Hajime; Amengual, Olga

    2017-04-11

    In light of the present revolution happening in medical education in Japan as medical schools implement new curricula to conform to global standards, there is a growing demand for more internationalization and higher quality practical medical English education. In response, many institutions including governmental organizations, universities and academic associations are moving ahead with new initiatives to adapt to these changing demands. This paper reviews the current trends and innovations in medical English education in Japan. This paper also describes one initiative by the Japan College of Rheumatology (JCR) known as the JCR International School held yearly in Karuizawa. By examining recent trends and innovations in medical English education in Japan, the most relevant and applicable can be elucidated to illuminate a path forward for improved medical English education within the JCR.

  9. Challenging Corporate Ed Reform: And 10 Hopeful Signs of Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Stan

    2012-01-01

    Corporate school reformers like to call themselves just "reformers" and counterpose themselves to the "status quo." There is no doubt that the corporate/foundation crowd has successfully captured the media label as "education reformers." However, this political branding has little to do with reality or the substance of the issues under debate.…

  10. Challenging Corporate Ed Reform: And 10 Hopeful Signs of Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Stan

    2012-01-01

    Corporate school reformers like to call themselves just "reformers" and counterpose themselves to the "status quo." There is no doubt that the corporate/foundation crowd has successfully captured the media label as "education reformers." However, this political branding has little to do with reality or the substance of the issues under debate.…

  11. Telecom Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    and information infrastructure issues - for people in government, academia, industry and the consulting community. This book addresses the process of policy and regulatory reform in telecom that is now in its formative stage. It draws on detailed knowledge of industry development and regulatory experience...

  12. Education Resourcing in Post-Apartheid South Africa: The Impact of Finance Equity Reforms in Public Schooling: Research Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motala, Shireen

    2006-01-01

    Through an analysis of recent quantitative data on equity and school funding in South Africa, this article aims to explicate the patterns and typology of inequality in post-apartheid South Africa, and to deepen our understanding of the construct of equity. It also aims to understand the application of equity in the context of public schooling…

  13. REFORM OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS MILITARY SCHOOLS OF THE NKVD OF THE USSR IN THE PERIOD OF 1941-1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Nikolaevich Kononov

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The publication, based on an analysis of various scientific sources considered restructuring of the educational system of the NKVD troops on a war footing, describes the new direction of officer training, the organization of new educational activities of military schools of the NKVD during the 1941-1942 biennium.

  14. The Urgency for Change: School Reform and Quality Education for Hispanic Youth. Publication No. 90-03.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negroni, Peter J.

    This paper looks at the successful initiatives and unforeseen problems that have arisen in Massachusetts public education since the passage of the Public School Improvement Act of 1985, with a focus on the needs of Hispanic Americans. There is overwhelming evidence that the specific needs of Hispanic Americans are neither being identified nor met…

  15. Challenging Common Sense: Cases of School Reform for Learning Community under an International Cooperation Project in Bac Giang Province, Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Eisuke; Tsukui, Atsushi

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims to discuss the challenges in the process of building a learning community in Vietnamese primary schools. Five lessons emerge from the cases. First, changing teachers' beliefs is time-consuming. Second, because of the reluctance of teachers to change, large-scale delivery of the educational project should be critically revisited…

  16. Reforming New York State's Flawed School Finance System. In Evidence: Policy Reports from the CFE Trial, Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., New York, NY.

    This report exposes inadequacies in New York's education finance system, summarizing testimony and research collected for a lawsuit filed by the Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., on behalf of New York City students. The lawsuit charges that the state has underfunded the City's public schools, thus denying City students a sound basic education. The…

  17. Politica de las Construcciones Escolares (Policy for School Construction).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storni, Adolfo Enrique, Ed.; And Others

    This document establishes the policy for school construction programs and projects to be conducted in Argentina. The first part establishes the bases for construction and defines the policy and its objectives. The second part discusses school construction in view of educational reform and planning and considers analysis of current systems,…

  18. Identifying the Professional Development Needs of School Superintendents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spanneut, Gene; Tobin, James; Ayers, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Superintendents of schools face increased leadership demands from diverse constituents, challenges due to current conditions, and opportunities posed by evolving trends and reforms. Superintendents are in the key position to make systemic school improvements a major priority, to allocate resources to promote their progress and importance, and to…

  19. Reform and Backlash to Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard Jensen, Svend E.; Hagen Jørgensen, Ole

    Using a stochastic general equilibrium model with overlapping generations, this paper studies (i) the effects on both extensive and intensive labor supply responses to changes in fertility rates, and (ii) the potential of a retirement reform to mitigate the effects of fertility changes on labor...

  20. Cultural Narcissism and Education Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pajak, Edward F.

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: Scholars have described American culture in recent decades as narcissistic, manifested by displays of self-absorption tantamount to a pathological syndrome that has reached epidemic proportions. An education reform movement that is highly critical of public schools, teachers, and students has simultaneously emerged, espousing a…