WorldWideScience

Sample records for current military operations

  1. Civil & Military Operations: Evolutionary Prep Steps to Pass Smart Power Current Limitations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    for learning what you needed to know to evaluate baseball players and baseball games .” (p. 68) – to look for new knowledge on the subject being...of his Ender Series of warfare and future of humanity. “The route of war might succeed for a time – and the operative word in “might,” since...unfair game . W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York:NY, 2003. (Mehta, 2011) – Mehta, Seema, Giffords’ surgeon trained on the battlefield. Los Angeles

  2. Contractors Supporting Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    documented both in the author’s current and previous research. It is the most likely cause of the “fear to make a decision” syndrome among contracting...aboard the Pan American Clipper . By December 1941, the A.V.G. was preparing to move to Kunming, its base in China. Each squadron in the A.V.G. had at...the atoll. Before the war, Wake Island was a refueling and rest stop for the Pan American clipper . For about five years, a few dozen employees of Pan

  3. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guthormsen, Amy M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morgart, Ruth E [INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  4. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the...humanitarian aid in almost any crisis .36 The military resists the creation of specially designated units because such specialization reduces the

  5. The Current State of Global Military Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The world military security situation has entered a period of readjustment and transformation following the events of 9/11 and the ensuing war against terror. The "arc of crisis" in peripheral areas of the Eurasian continent and other regions is unsettled or tumultuous. Confronted by these new situations and challenges, military forces throughout the world have reassessed their respective strategic environment and adopted new transforming measures, which have brought about a dramatic change in military circumstances, thinking and operation in every country. More specifically, the U.S. unipolar military power has expanded, while at the same time is constrained by various internal and external factors. Worldwide military competition is becoming more complicated. Nuclear proliferation and upgrading has steadily developed, paving the way for an arms race on land, sea and in the air. Thus, the world's military situation is becoming more complex, with various factors-conflicts between unilateral and multilateral poles, cooperation and competition,readjustment and transformation, stability and instability-all interconnected.

  6. The Effectiveness of Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Its funding difficulties, see Brian Bond, British Military Policu between the TWo World Wars (Oxford, 1980); On the failure to make a Continental...Chauvineau likened armored columns to the cavalry raiders of old -- a passing storm causing monetary alarm and some damage, but dangerously weakened

  7. Dental Epidemiology of Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    acute oral did separate out maxillofacial injuries , but the more recent infections, to control life-threatening oral conditions (hemor- study did not...caries"-de- fines caries to include decay, periapical abscesses. and defec- Maxillofacial Injuries tive restorations. The results show that in all...deployment. TABLE I[ COMPARISON OF STUDIES OF MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES OF DEPLOYED MILITARY PERSONNEL Percent Percent Percent Hostile Missle Due to Wounds

  8. Brain performance enhancement for military operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erp, J.B.F.; Reschke, S.; Grootjen, M.; Brouwer, A.-M.

    2009-01-01

    Performance of military operators depends on both physical and cognitive aspects. Enhancement of operator performance should therefore address both the body and the brain. This paper focuses on the latter. We provide an extended list of areas where neuroscientific knowledge may be important like

  9. Brain performance enhancement for military operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erp, J.B.F.; Reschke, S.; Grootjen, M.; Brouwer, A.-M.

    2009-01-01

    Performance of military operators depends on both physical and cognitive aspects. Enhancement of operator performance should therefore address both the body and the brain. This paper focuses on the latter. We provide an extended list of areas where neuroscientific knowledge may be important like tra

  10. Growth of Military Operational Research in India .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.K. Jaiswal

    1994-07-01

    Full Text Available Operational Research has contributed substantially to decisions on cost-effective induction of weapon systems, evaluation of tactical plans, development of computerised war games for training, realistic formulation of General Staff Qualitative Requirements, performance and reliability evaluation of military hardware under design and development, force structure, planning and other tactical and strategic issues in Indian defence. This paper reviews the work in Military OR initiated by Professor DS Kothari, the first Scientific Adviser to the Ministry of Defence, and brings out the role it can play in defence decision making.

  11. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E. L.; Welch, R.

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  12. Military Deception and Operational Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-18

    this age of advanced techonology , rapidity of battlefield engagement and maneuver. However, analysis of two major opportunities for the employment of...and development of maneuver, and the use of new technical means of struggle and combat and operational means. 10 5 While technology has largely obviated...settinR-up of new 32 radio circuits, was increased to support the deception. Thus the entire Fortitude effort was structured to play on German

  13. Computational Linguistics in Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Documentation Exploitation (DOCEX) system is able to distill useful intelligence from multilingual sources eight to ten times faster than traditional...examine and analyze all multilingual speech and text that is available in the information space; allow any user—be it primarily an operational and...personnel and monolingual English-speaking analysts in response to direct or implicit requests.24 Foreign-to-English Translation Goals for foreign

  14. Maintain Stability Operations Capability During Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    hegemony. Rising states, primarily identified as the BRIC countries, (Brazil, Russia, India and China), but potentially including South Africa, Korea...occurred in cooperation and integration between departments and agency due to Secretary-level cooperation. Particularly innovative was then-Secretary...Without innovative solutions, current programming and training strategies will be hard-pressed to eliminate “preparation-execution” training gaps or

  15. Medical supply on contingency military operations: experience from Operation GRITROCK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, J P; Reeves, P

    2015-01-01

    Medical supply during military operations has the ability to affect the efficacy of the operation being undertaken, either negatively or positively. An appropriately-managed maritime platform with a robust medical supply chain during transit and on arrival in theatre is the main aim. A secure supply chain will reduce any implications that logistics may have with regard to capability, and negate the effects of deficiencies of short shelf life items occurring over time and during use in high tempo operations.

  16. New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaff, N.

    2010-08-01

    The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

  17. [The current state and development prospectives of military nephrology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagibovich, O A; Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B

    2014-05-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of military nephrology. Using as examples the nephrology services of the armed forces of Serbia, France, Great Britain and USA it is shown that this branch of military healthcare plays an important role abroad. The brief review of military nephrology formation and development history demonstrates the growing significance of military nephrology in the general system of medical care at the battlefield.

  18. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E.L.; Welch, R.

    2009-01-01

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  19. E-RESOURCES GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM SYSTEM FOR MILITARY OPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Kurniawan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the barometer of the strength of a country is a military force that is owned by the state. To produce a good military force in a country, it would require an easy, fast and accurate military resource management. This study utilized geographic data as a reference for the location of the logistics resources to help simplify the management of military data using spatial data in Geographic Information System (GIS. The system development approach used JSON Service technology framework and HTML 5 to improve system performance. The features development of the management of military resources associated with military operations are conducted. Results of this study generate e-resource military operation system which is swift and in accordance with the W3C web standards.

  20. Risk propensity assessment in military special operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sicard, B; Jouve, E; Blin, O

    2001-10-01

    Risk taking, decision making, and stress factors are strongly associated in military operations. The authors used the Bond and Lader mood and alertness scale and a new scale, Evaluation of Risks (EVAR), to assess risk proneness in a maritime counter-terrorism exercise. EVAR items are distributed among five factors: self-control, danger seeking, energy, impulsiveness, and invincibility. In the study, 10 pilots were submitted to strenuous night flights with limited sleep deprivation. Compared with baseline data, pilots reported an increase in impulsiveness, whereas EVAR factors were consistent in a control group composed of 9 navy crew member. Correlations were observed between mood and alertness and risk factors. These results illustrate how EVAR can be used to evaluate change in risk proneness in individuals submitted to various stressors. But further studies are required to weigh stress factors and environmental conditions in risk propensity with a larger population of various age and personality traits.

  1. On Return from Peacekeeping: A review of current research on psychological well-being in military personnel returning from operational deployment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Brounéus

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The number and size of UN and Allied peacekeeping deployments[1] have increased dramatically since the end of the Cold War [1], as have the budgets that support them. The UN budgeted 7.23 billion USD for the 2012-2013 fiscal year for UN Peacekeeping operations.[2] An explanation for this increase is likely to be found in two global trends seen in armed conflict in recent years: first, that nearly all wars in the world today are fought within countries, and second, the unprecedented rise in peace agreements as a means to end conflict [2]. Both of these factors present new challenges for peace-building as former enemies must continue living side by side when the conflict has ended, in a continuous negotiation for peace. Research suggests that international peace support operations indeed have the potential to improve the chances for preventing further conflict. In the first global, quantitative analysis on the effect of peacekeeping operations (PKOs, Doyle and Sambanis found a significant and substantial effect of peacekeepers on peacebuilding two years post conflict [3]. This finding is similar to later studies. For example, Fortna demonstrated that the risk of further conflict drops by 75%–85% with the presence of a PKO [4, 5]. Other research has found that PKOs limit the temporal and spatial contagion of conflict [6], and can also have a preventive effect, reducing the risk of genocidal violence [7]. However, recent research has also found that peacekeeping operations in settings where there is not yet peace or stability, such as Afghanistan, may entail the risk of spurring violence against civilians by rebel groups if the deployment does not have an explicit mandate to protect civilians [8]. Similarly, when looking at other definitions of success aside from the prevention of further conflict, such as meeting the goals of the mandate, or establishing basic democracy and stability – a governance goal for most current deployments – the

  2. [Current state and prospects of military personnel health monitoring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezvantsev, M V; Kuznetsov, S M; Ivanov, V V; Zakurdaev, V V

    2014-01-01

    The current article is dedicated to some features of the Russian Federation Armed Forces military personnel health monitoring such as legal and informational provision, methodological basis of functioning, historical aspect of formation and development of the social and hygienic monitoring in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The term "military personnel health monitoring" is defined as an analytical system of constant and long-term observation, analysis, assessment, studying of factors determined the military personnel health, these factors correlations, health risk factors management in order to minimize them. The current state of the military personnel health monitoring allows coming to the conclusion that the military health system does have forces and resources for state policy of establishing the population health monitoring system implementation. The following directions of the militarily personnel health monitoring improvement are proposed: the Russian Federation Armed Forces medical service record and report system reorganization bringing it closer to the civilian one, implementation of the integrated approach to the medical service informatisation, namely, military personnel health status and medical service resources monitoring. The leading means in this direction are development and introduction of a military serviceman individual health status monitoring system on the basis of a serviceman electronic medical record card. Also it is proposed the current Russian Federation Armed Forces social and hygienic monitoring improvement at the expense of informational interaction between the two subsystems on the basis of unified military medical service space.

  3. Applying Culture to Military Operations: A Review of Foreign Militaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    perspective on cultural awareness as a consequence of its own indigenous Maori culture. During initial or basic training, the military examines its own...organizational culture. Two of the services, the New Zealand Army and Navy, utilize elements of the Maori culture in order to establish a common...experience within the island nations and their own Maori culture and language has some commonalities. For missions in less familiar surroundings, the NZDF

  4. Moral forces: interpreting ethical challenges in military operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaff, de Miriam Carla

    2017-01-01

    The studies presented in this dissertation reveal three broad types of ethical challenges during military operations at an individual level that are caused by social interactions of military personnel, regardless of rank. The first encompasses ethical challenges related to encounters with other indi

  5. Moral forces: interpreting ethical challenges in military operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Graaff, Miriam

    2017-01-01

    The studies presented in this dissertation reveal three broad types of ethical challenges during military operations at an individual level that are caused by social interactions of military personnel, regardless of rank. The first encompasses ethical challenges related to encounters with other

  6. The expanding role of military entomologists in stability and counterinsurgency operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, Leon L; Rankin, Steven E

    2011-01-01

    Military entomologists function as part of medical civil-military operations and are an essential combat multiplier direction supporting COIN operations. They not only directly support US and coalition military forces by performing their traditional wartime mission of protecting personnel from vector-borne and rodent-borne diseases but also enhance the legitimacy of medical services by the host nation government such as controlling diseases promulgated by food, water, vectors, and rodents. These unique COIN missions demand a new skill set required of military entomologists that are not learned from existing training courses and programs. New training opportunities must be afforded military entomologists to familiarize them with how to interact with and synergize the efforts of host nation assets, other governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and international military partners. Teamwork with previously unfamiliar groups and organizations is an essential component of working in the COIN environment and can present unfamiliar tasks for entomologists. This training should start with initial entry training and be a continual process throughout a military entomologist's career. Current COIN operations require greater tactical and operational flexibility and diverse entomological expertise. The skills required for today's full spectrum medical operations are different from those of the past. Counterinsurgency medical operations demand greater agility, rapid task-switching, and the ability to adequately address unfamiliar situations and challenges.

  7. Coordinating medical civil military operations in Multinational Division-North.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyrski, John A; Rainey, McKinley; Roach, Shane; Stevens, Mark; Hernandez, Gloria; Vargo, Ruth

    2010-11-01

    Medical civil military operations (MCMO) are part of military civil capacity-building efforts within the full spectrum of military operations, from war to military operations other than war. In 2008-2009 during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Division Surgeon's Section (DSS) of the 25th Infantry Division (25ID) and Multinational Division-North developed an innovative MCMO program in northern Iraq. The program centered on understanding and mapping key relationships, empowering brigade-level programs, and leveraging technology to identify and share best practices. The DSS mapped the critical relationships within and between the three entities affecting MCMO: the government of Iraq (GOI), Department of State (DOS), and the Department of Defense (DOD). A division MCMO working group was then created along with processes to facilitate MCMO project execution and program management. The structure and organization of the 25ID MCMO program lend themselves to other operational environments requiring synchronization of medical capacity-building efforts.

  8. Current Military Perinatal Mental Health Treatment Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-03

    associated with child abuse within the military (Gumbs et al., 2013). These types of statistics fu rther emphasize the importance of prenatal...review and approval.) Mentors Offering Maternal Support (M.O.M.S.): Building Resilient Families 1. TITLE OF MATERIAL TO BE PUBLISHED OR PRESENTED...anxiety and stress of pregnancy with components to build resilience and adaptability formed the foundational constructs of the Mentors Offering Maternal

  9. INTELLIGENCE CYCLE PLANNING IN MILITARY COALITION OPERATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin ANTON

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A long list of allied or coalition type military actions against entities declared as aggressors, failed or terrorist states/organizations has been recorded for the past 25 years. To reach an end state for any action planned by the military or established at any decagon making level, usually the political one, all information must be shared throughout all coalition/ allied components. That is mainly done by specialized elements that play the role of primary structures in charge of analyzing all information necessary for the military commander’s decision-making process. In this context, the article aims to outline the importance of the decision-making process for military commandants, as part of large /important coalition / allied structures and the level of training required of the latter to use the intelligence cycle to fulfill their main mission in their area of responsibility.

  10. The Impact of Military Exercises and Operations on Local ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Frederick Iraki

    notable positive contributions, the negative impact of military exercises and operations in the .... credibly sourced in whole or in part to the conflicts and the associated war ... The ordnances have also maimed children and adults in the.

  11. Prediction of Dust Propensity for Military Operations in Desert Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-11-01

    FWE GOPI TECHNICAL REPORT EL8-1 PREDICTION OF DUST PROPENSITY FOR of Eginers’.MILITARY OPERATIONS IN DESERT AREAS by William K. Dornbusch , John N...11 TTLE~ ~I IAT40 30/069 Prediction of Dust Propensity for Military operations in Desert Areas 12. F"RSONAL AVTNO9(%) Dornbusch . William K.; Strange...Harrison was Chief, EL. The study was performed and this report was written by Messrs. William K. Dornbusch , John N. Strange, and Allen D. Rooke, Jr

  12. Special Operations Professional Military Education for Field Grade Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-11

    motivates an improvement in the development of its field grade officers. AU/ACSC/MITCHELL, E/AY16 1 Professional military education (PME) faces...UNIVERSITY SPECIAL OPERATIONS PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION FOR FIELD GRADE OFFICERS by Eli G. Mitchell, Maj, USAF A Research Report Submitted to...the Faculty In Partial Fulfilment of the Graduation Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF OPERATIONAL ARTS AND SCIENCES Advisor: Dr. Tony V

  13. Sleep Disturbance Implications for Modern Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Academy (USMA) and the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA). Using a combination of sleep diaries, self report, and actigraphy ( wrist worn devices that...considerations must be made in order to examine what is meant by sleep loss. The first consideration involves examining how sleep loss is measured . One way in... measure sleep duration), researchers are attempting to determine the actual sleep demographics of future military members in a demanding environment

  14. Military Contingency Operations: The Lessons of Political-Military Coordination

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-06-06

    for politica tltcussions. In lm.- ited war militury operations had to a.• >3?Zucte1 -dscret phases which p-rmiVted the opportunlty ••r tAotn’ sides to...The rational . politicA -allitiary decisionmaking model Indicate~s that the cruclil r.&otors which demand assessment In each oonttingenc3ý are the...demonstrate the inadequacy of the *Wars of National Litlerationo strateirye Itather, It led to further Increases In the hmerioAn commitnent unido temporarily

  15. Member State Foreign Policy towards EU Military Operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    2015-01-01

    suggest that another operation in CAR may be underway shortly. The EU’s military endeavours are particularly interesting to this enquiry, as they suggest a radical change in the cohort of member states’ foreign policy towards the Union, which until the turn of the Millennium had been considered by its MS......, amongst others, as a predominantly ‘civilian power’. The significance of such a change merits a chapter that delves deeper into MS foreign policy specifically related to EU military operations.The rationale for this research is to further unpack intra-EU foreign policy and its effect on the external...

  16. Operational Capabilities and Legal Implications of a Military Space Plane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charania, A.

    2002-01-01

    The potential challenges for the United States military in this upcoming century may require new types of capabilities only achievable through the application of new technologies. One of these potential capabilities includes a Military Space Plane (MSP). An MSP is a concept to use reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technologies in a system to provide the military global access and reach in a timely fashion that could be operational within a decade. New awareness is evident from both recent federal commission reports and activities in Afghanistan of the military's possible use of such capabilities to provide asymmetric advantages. The MSP may eventually become part of a new spaceforce that coordinates the broad range of defensive and offensive space assets. In addition, a new emphasis is being placed upon NASA and the U.S. Air Force to coordinate activity on such a space plane/RLV development. The interaction of civilian and defense agencies for such a program has ramifications, not just in terms of the requirements on a final operational vehicle, but also on the legal charters of both entities. This examination presents operational scenarios for a military space plane in order to derive various legal implications.

  17. Outsourcing, managing, supervising, and regulating private military companies in contingency operations

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis examines the utilization of private military companies (PMCs) by government agencies of the United States in contingency operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the roles that PMCs play in current contingency operations, and to analyze how PMCs can become more useful instruments in contingency operations if they are properly outsourced, managed, supervised, and regulated. In this regar...

  18. EU Civil-Military Cell: Useful Model for Joint/Interagency Operations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    facilities provided by one of the five Operation Headquarters (OHQs) currently available in European Member States. These are: the French OHQ in Mont ...security-defence/capabilities/eu-civilian-and-military- capability-development?lang=en (accessed January 20, 2012). 3 Carmen Gebhard, “The

  19. Using military friendships to optimize postdeployment reintegration for male Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinojosa, Ramon; Hinojosa, Melanie Sberna

    2011-01-01

    Social relationships are important to health out comes. The postdeployment family reintegration literature focuses on the role of the civilian family in facilitating the transition from Active Duty military deployment to civilian society. The focus on the civilian family relationship may miss other important personal connections in veterans' lives. One such connection is the relationship many veterans have with former military unit members who served with them when deployed. Drawing on interviews with male Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom veterans conducted from 2008 to 2009, we argue that the members of a military unit, especially during armed conflict, should be considered a resource to help the "family" reintegration process rather than impede it. This research has implications for current reintegration policy and how best to assist veterans transitioning into civilian society.

  20. Military Operations in Built-Up Areas (MOBA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    the three simulation levels individually or the gaming operation as a whole. The positive features of MOBACS are: (1) it includes all levels of MOBA ...operations; (2) military player/analysts can participate on-line and can both guide and learn from the play of the game ; (3) a wide range of unit...conjunction with SCORES evaluations and could prove useful in this role when SCORES is modified to play MOBA . JIFFY, or a similar interactive game , might

  1. Recent Military Operations on Urban Terrain

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-01

    significance of the battle, description of the enviroment , combatants’ resources, the tactical situation, concepts of operations, tactical plan, operations... tic defensive plan developed. The IDF doctrine for MOUT relied heavily on the use of armor in built- up areas in both 1967 and 1973. This reliance...forces in the Jerusalem area. One consequence was that he had no direct communication with any of these detachments but could only learn of their

  2. Malaria in Tunisian Military Personnel after Returning from External Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajili, Faïda; Battikh, Riadh; Laabidi, Janet; Abid, Rim; Bousetta, Najeh; Jemli, Bouthaina; Ben abdelhafidh, Nadia; Bassem, Louzir; Gargouri, Saadia; Othmani, Salah

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Malaria had been eliminated in Tunisia since 1979, but there are currently 40 to 50 imported cases annually. Soldiers are no exception as the incidence of imported malaria is increasing in Tunisian military personnel after returning from malaria-endemic area, often in Sub-Saharan Africa. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and biological presentations, treatment, and outcomes of 37 Tunisian military personnel hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, the Military Hospital of Tunis, between January 1993 and January 2011, for imported malaria. The clinical and laboratory features were obtained from the medical records and a questionnaire was filled by the patients about the compliance of malaria prophylaxis. Results. Thirty-seven male patients, with a mean age of 41 years, were treated for malaria infection. Twenty-two were due to Plasmodium falciparum. The outcome was favourable for all patients, despite two severe access. The long-term use of chemoprophylaxis has been adopted by only 21 (51%) of expatriate military for daily stresses. Moreover, poor adherence was found in 32 patients. Conclusion. The risk of acquiring malaria infection in Tunisian military personnel can largely be prevented by the regular use of chemoprophylactic drugs combined with protective measures against mosquito bites. PMID:23766922

  3. Malaria in Tunisian Military Personnel after Returning from External Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faïda Ajili

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Malaria had been eliminated in Tunisia since 1979, but there are currently 40 to 50 imported cases annually. Soldiers are no exception as the incidence of imported malaria is increasing in Tunisian military personnel after returning from malaria-endemic area, often in Sub-Saharan Africa. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and biological presentations, treatment, and outcomes of 37 Tunisian military personnel hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, the Military Hospital of Tunis, between January 1993 and January 2011, for imported malaria. The clinical and laboratory features were obtained from the medical records and a questionnaire was filled by the patients about the compliance of malaria prophylaxis. Results. Thirty-seven male patients, with a mean age of 41 years, were treated for malaria infection. Twenty-two were due to Plasmodium falciparum. The outcome was favourable for all patients, despite two severe access. The long-term use of chemoprophylaxis has been adopted by only 21 (51% of expatriate military for daily stresses. Moreover, poor adherence was found in 32 patients. Conclusion. The risk of acquiring malaria infection in Tunisian military personnel can largely be prevented by the regular use of chemoprophylactic drugs combined with protective measures against mosquito bites.

  4. Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    JAMES MADISON 1352 (Henry Gilpin , ed. 1840). 76 3 JOSEPH STORY, COMMENTARIES ON THE CONSTITUTION §1173 (1833); WILLIAM RAWLE, A VIEW OF THE...Continuing U.S. Role in Libya Operation, N.Y. TIMES, June 16, 2011 (discussing interview with White House counsel Robert Bauer and State Department

  5. Military Implications of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    maintenance of law and order, protecting the delivery of humanitarian assistance, the denial of an air space and the guarantee of rights of passage . In...involve the coordinated presence of warships and combat aircraft in the disputed region. Operations to guarantee rights of passage may be mounted to ensure

  6. Military Operations on Urban Terrain (Mout) Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    192-198, by Paul A. Jureidini, et al. Alexandria, Virginia. June 1979. 169p. U 167.52 ABT Associates, Inc. The Urb-Coin Game . Arlington, A 89 pU...C. Scharfen. MenloPark, California. December 1975. 159p. DARPA United States Advanced Research Projects Agency. Effects MOBA II of Built-Up Areas on... MOBA III Operations in Built-Up.Areas in the Fulda Corridor, dC Yar 2000 (U). Arlington, Virginia. June 1977. AD B039 537 Unitod States Air Command and

  7. Civil-Military Relations: From Vietnam to Operation Iraqi Freedom

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    jaded towards their services best interest.60 The next revision, The Defense Reorganization Act of 1958, initiated during the Eisenhower...crisis with the military was the Bay of Pigs fiasco.97 The operation which had been approved for planning and preparation by the Eisenhower...WWII as a statistician, teaching them the benefits statistical analysis. Also, more recently, the Bay of Pigs had shaped his strategic outlook.131

  8. Are We Winning? A Brief History of Military Operations Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law , no...counterinsurgency in the American military experience, other nations had engaged in similar conflicts (e.g., the British experience with the Malayan ...34 Australian Army Journal 2, no. 1 (2006). 36. James K. Womack, "Soviet Correlation of Forces and Means: Quantifying Modern Operations" (US Army Command

  9. Thirteenth Century Mongol Warfare: Classical Military Strategy of Operational Art?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-05-05

    Morgan, David. The .1g•l. Cambridge: Blackwell Ltd., 1991. Nicolle, David. The Mongol Warlords: Genghis Khan . Kublai Khan . Hhuelchu Tamerlane. Firebird...operational art emerged before Napoleon. The thirteenth century campaigns of Genghis Khan and his Mongol successors do not conveniently fit into the...of mutually reinforcing military and nomadic traditions developed among the Mongols from the reign of Genghis Khan to that of Kublei Khan (1206-1294

  10. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    century society into the twenty-first century encounters a number of obstacles. Illiteracy and innumeracy rates are high, and repressive social values are...Operations with Foreign Military Forces Feature quickly degraded into executions for social infractions like blasphemy. Repression soon followed, and the...the Soviets inherited. Objective: Why Do They Hate Us? This article addresses the primary issue of the dramatic increase in the number of insider

  11. Ensuring Operational Readiness: Private Military Contractor Support for the United States Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-15

    Ensuring Operational Readiness: Private Military Contractor Support for the United States Air Force A Monograph by Maj Stephen P. Joca United...States Air Force School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2017 Approved...Operational Readiness: Private Military Contractor Support for the United States Air Force Approved by: __________________________________, Monograph

  12. Influence of Current Transformer Saturation on Operation of Current Protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. A. Romaniouk

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of the influence of instrument current transformer errors on operation of current protection of power supply diagram elements has been carried out in the paper. The paper shows the influence of an aperiodic component of transient current and secondary load on current  transformer errors.Peculiar operational features of measuring elements of electromechanical and microprocessor current protection with their joint operation with electromagnetic current transformers have been analyzed in the paper.

  13. Telemedicine deployments within NATO military forces: a data analysis of current and projected capabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, David M; Poropatich, Ronald K

    2008-11-01

    Since the creation of the NATO Telemedicine Expert Panel (now renamed the TMED Expert Team) in 2000, when few nations had deployed telemedicine systems to support military field operations, this group has been encouraging the nations to deploy telemedicine (TMED) in support of their forces, and to write the use of TMED into NATO doctrine. This has been a relatively successful effort, and TMED is increasingly being used within the military medical structures of some NATO and Partnership for Peace nations to provide medical care to deployed military personnel. We report the results of a multinational survey of current and projected availability of various telemedicine modalities within the NATO medical services that are participating in the work of the TMED expert team (ET). Though only a "snapshot in time," and not representing all NATO nations, this is the first attempt to identify both current and planned TMED utilization within the multinational military medical community. Participating nations report that communication systems now in place at the lowest levels of medical support increasingly enable the routine use of Web-based teleconsultation modalities. Teleradiology is now being seen as the de facto standard for imaging support. While a number of nations report they have deployed capabilities for obtaining clinical consultations at a distance, most responding nations do not have a formal organizational structure to control and manage remote consultation and rely on informal clinical relationships (e.g., requesting consults from the deployed clinician's home hospital or from friends). Military electronic health records are in use by only a minority of nations and fewer still are capable of civilian interface. Less common TMED capabilities (e.g., tele-microbiology, tele-pathology, tele-medical maintenance) are being increasingly used, but are still rarely deployed. As a result of the findings of this survey, specific recommendations for expanding the use of

  14. Mathematical Modeling in Support of Military Operational Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-01

    Zhang, J., Shen, W., Chancey, V.C., AsMA 77th Annual Scientific Meeting, May 2006. Purpose: A current trend in the military has been to add more... Mexico from the early 1950’s through 1997 (Martinez 1999). The Blast Over- pressure Program obtained data that were essential to the understanding of...HSM Effects, Alem, N., Amankwah, K., Zhang, J., Shen, W., Chancey, V.C., AsMA 77th Annual Scientific Meeting, May 2006. ANOVA software version 2.2

  15. Military leadership with an operational effect in asymmetric operations - A new military leadership training concept in a new world

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Jakob Rømer

    2015-01-01

    . Suddenly, it was extremely important that the Danish Defence transformed to a more expeditionary force capable of conducting asymmetric operations in different environments far away from Denmark. This is not done overnight but demands a new situational awareness in proportion to the need for leadership....... As tactics, doctrines, technologies and procedures had to be developed and changed, there was also a need for developing the approach to leadership. Suddenly the challenges in the operations were not only IEDs, ambushes, shootings and deprivation of families, but also leadership challenges in military staffs...... and units, which in many cases acted and commanded based on a mindset of linear and symmetric warfare with great emphasis on analysis of primarily cause and effect. On that basis, the Danish Defence around mid-2000 developed a new operational leadership concept with a changed and different leadership focus...

  16. Current state of OLED technology relative to military avionics requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tchon, Joseph L.; Barnidge, Tracy J.; Hufnagel, Bruce D.; Bahadur, Birendra

    2014-06-01

    The paper will review optical and environmental performance thresholds required for OLED technology to be used on various military platforms. Life study results will be summarized to highlight trends while identifying remaining performance gaps to make this technology viable for future military avionics platforms.

  17. Are good leaders moral leaders? The relationship between effective military operational leadership and morals

    OpenAIRE

    Olsen, Olav Kjellevold

    2010-01-01

    This thesis presents selected works investigating the relation between leadership and morals. Given the multitude of moral challenges and the grave consequences of moral transgressions in military operations, we have chosen a military context to frame our research. Transformational leadership and the full range of leadership model (FRLM) are key constructs in this investigation, as this leadership concept has been shown to be related to operational effectiveness in military as ...

  18. UAV-guided navigation for ground robot tele-operation in a military reconnaissance environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jessie Y C

    2010-08-01

    A military reconnaissance environment was simulated to examine the performance of ground robotics operators who were instructed to utilise streaming video from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to navigate his/her ground robot to the locations of the targets. The effects of participants' spatial ability on their performance and workload were also investigated. Results showed that participants' overall performance (speed and accuracy) was better when she/he had access to images from larger UAVs with fixed orientations, compared with other UAV conditions (baseline- no UAV, micro air vehicle and UAV with orbiting views). Participants experienced the highest workload when the UAV was orbiting. Those individuals with higher spatial ability performed significantly better and reported less workload than those with lower spatial ability. The results of the current study will further understanding of ground robot operators' target search performance based on streaming video from UAVs. The results will also facilitate the implementation of ground/air robots in military environments and will be useful to the future military system design and training community.

  19. Homosexuals and the U.S. Military: Current Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-22

    David F., “An Overview of the Debate on Homosexuals in the U.S. Military,” in Gays and Lesbians in the Military, Issues, Concerns, and Contrasts...policy not to accept gay or lesbian students into its programs and to require avowed homosexuals to disenroll and pay back their scholarship funds...a lesbian ” at a January 1993 rally. Her attorneys argued that she was not broadcasting her intentions to practice homosexuality but merely

  20. The Korean Military Advisory Group -- Developmental Challenges during Ongoing Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    to indigenous Korean military forces has direct applicability to current military operations in Afghanistan. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Korean...Korean military forces has direct applicability to current military operations in Afghanistan. iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to firstly...and equipping under “Operation BAMBOO ” prior to the initiation of hostilities with North Korea. Developed in December of 1945, this program

  1. Civil-military relations and co-operation in Kosovo 1999 to 2001

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Co-operation between civil society actors and military personnel is increasingly common in humanitarian missions since the early 1990s. However the interaction has led to varying degrees of friction between both groups, at times lessening the coordination and efficiency of the civil-military relationship. Existing theories of civilmilitary relations are largely based upon the relationship between the military and their civilian government, and have not been tested within the relationships exp...

  2. Military Assistance to Mexico: Use of Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    President Vicente Fox stated, "Militarily speaking, we don’t count. I mean, we are not a military country. We don’t have a strong Army.ൿ One could...General Eduardo Medina- Mora stated, "I don’t see the U.S. 9 military playing an active role in this ... certainly Mexico has enough institutional

  3. Analysis of Serbian Military Riverine Units Capability for Participation in the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Radojevic

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses required personnel, training capacities and equipment for participation in the United Nations peacekeeping operations with the riverine elements. In order to meet necessary capabilities for engagement in United Nations peacekeeping operations, Serbian military riverine units have to be compatible with the issued UN requirements. Serbian Armed Forces have the potential to reach such requirements with the River Flotilla as a pivot for the participation in UN missions. Serbian Military Academy adopted and developed educational and training program in accordance with the provisions and recommendations of the IMO conventions and IMO model courses. Serbian Military Academy has opportunities for education and training military riverine units for participation in the United Nations peacekeeping operations. Moreover, Serbia has Multinational Operations Training Center and Peacekeeping Operations Center certified to provide selection, training, equipping and preparations of individuals and units to the United Nations multinational operations.

  4. Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keats, Patrice A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

  5. Emotional Reactions and Moral Judgment: the Effects of Morally Challenging Interactions in Military Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaff, de M.C.; Schut, M; Verweij, D.E.M.; Vermetten, H.G.J.M.; Giebels, E.

    2016-01-01

    This study explores the association between different types of morally challenging interactions during military deployment and response strategies (e.g., moral justification), as well as the mediating role of moral emotions. Interviews with Dutch servicemen who participated in military operations (e

  6. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee M. Margolis

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Special Operations Forces (SOF regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15 and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16 volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day−1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day−1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day−1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day−1, these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier.

  7. [Diphtheria in the military forces: lessons and current status of prophylaxis, prospects of epidemiological control process].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belov, A B; Ogarkov, P I

    2014-01-01

    We analyzed the epidemiological situation of diphtheria in the world and in Russia and experience of mass vaccination of military personnel and civil population with diphtheria toxoid for the last 50 years. Early diagnosis of diphtheria in military personnel has a prognostic value. Authors described the peculiarities of epidemiological process of diphtheria in military personnel in 80-90 years of 20th century and organizational aspects of mass vaccination with diphtheria toxoid. Authors analyzed current problems of epidemiology and prophylaxis of diphtheria in military personnel and civil population and possible developments. According to long-term prognosis authors mentioned the increase of morbidity and came to conclusion that it is necessary enhance the epidemiological surveillance. Authors presented prospect ways of improvement of vaccination and rational approaches to immunization of military personnel under positive long-term epidemiological situation.

  8. Current and Future Flight Operating Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cudmore, Alan

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the current real time operating system (RTOS) type in use with current flight systems. A new RTOS model is described, i.e. the process model. Included is a review of the challenges of migrating from the classic RTOS to the Process Model type.

  9. Proposed Restricted Area and Military Operation Area (MOA) Poinsett Weapons Range

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Your letter of July 13, 1993 requested information on threatened, endangered, or candidate animal species and other wildlife resources in the Military Operation Area...

  10. Military Bankers: Fact or Fiction? The Role of the Military in Reestablishing a Banking System during a Military Stability Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-10

    ACRONYMS AFHQ Anglo-American Allied Forces Headquarters AMGOT Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory AMIK Association of Microfinance ...of licensing procedures of the CBK.134 The second area of assistance by the World Bank supported the Association of Microfinance Institution of...Kosovo (AMIK) and others in developing microfinance industry in Kosovo. This consists of training in technical issues, management, planning and

  11. 14 CFR 249.21 - Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. 249.21 Section 249.21 Aeronautics and Space... public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. Each operator authorized... in connection with the tour or series of tours. (d) All customer reservations records for each...

  12. A CMOS current-mode operational amplifier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaulberg, Thomas

    1993-01-01

    A fully differential-input, differential-output, current-mode operational amplifier (COA) is described. The amplifier utilizes three second-generation current conveyors (CCIIs) as the basic building blocks. It can be configured to provide either a constant gain-bandwidth product in a fully balanced...... current-mode feedback amplifier or a constant bandwidth in a transimpedance feedback amplifier. The amplifier is found to have a gain-bandwidth product of 3 MHz, an offset current of 0.8 μA (signal range ±700 μA), and a (theoretically) unlimited slew rate. The amplifier is realized in a standard CMOS 2...

  13. CMOS Current-mode Operational Amplifier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaulberg, Thomas

    1992-01-01

    A fully differential-input differential-output current-mode operational amplifier (COA) is described. The amplifier utilizes three second generation current-conveyors (CCII) as the basic building blocks. It can be configured to provide either a constant gain-bandwidth product in a fully balanced...... current-mode feedback amplifier or a constant bandwidth in a transimpedance feedback amplifier. The amplifier is found to have a gain bandwidth product of 8 MHz, an offset current of 0.8 ¿A (signal-range ±700¿A) and a (theoretically) unlimited slew-rate. The amplifier is realized in a standard CMOS 2...

  14. Serratia Infections: from Military Experiments to Current Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahlen, Steven D.

    2011-01-01

    Summary: Serratia species, in particular Serratia marcescens, are significant human pathogens. S. marcescens has a long and interesting taxonomic, medical experimentation, military experimentation, and human clinical infection history. The organisms in this genus, particularly S. marcescens, were long thought to be nonpathogenic. Because S. marcescens was thought to be a nonpathogen and is usually red pigmented, the U.S. military conducted experiments that attempted to ascertain the spread of this organism released over large areas. In the process, members of both the public and the military were exposed to S. marcescens, and this was uncovered by the press in the 1970s, leading to U.S. congressional hearings. S. marcescens was found to be a certain human pathogen by the mid-1960s. S. marcescens and S. liquefaciens have been isolated as causative agents of numerous outbreaks and opportunistic infections, and the association of these organisms with point sources such as medical devices and various solutions given to hospitalized patients is striking. Serratia species appear to be common environmental organisms, and this helps to explain the large number of nosocomial infections due to these bacteria. Since many nosocomial infections are caused by multiply antibiotic-resistant strains of S. marcescens, this increases the danger to hospitalized patients, and hospital personnel should be vigilant in preventing nosocomial outbreaks due to this organism. S. marcescens, and probably other species in the genus, carries several antibiotic resistance determinants and is also capable of acquiring resistance genes. S. marcescens and S. liquefaciens are usually identified well in the clinical laboratory, but the other species are rare enough that laboratory technologists may not recognize them. 16S rRNA gene sequencing may enable better identification of some of the less common Serratia species. PMID:21976608

  15. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-21

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals Matthew C. Weed Specialist in Foreign...Policy Legislation February 21, 2017 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R43760 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force...Against the Islamic State Congressional Research Service Summary Since the United States embarked on a strategy to counter the Islamic State (also

  16. Performance assessments of Android-powered military applications operating on tactical handheld devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig

    2013-05-01

    Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.

  17. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-08-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization's guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  18. A JURIDICAL-ADMINISTRATIVE COMPARISON BETWEEN THE MILITARY AND THE MEDICAL OPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgel RUSU

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available To bring together the word operation and opera and/or accomplishing an opera is not at all improper. Defining a (military operation as ”the total amount of the military actions performed by large operative and strategic units, according to an unique plan, for attaining an operative or strategic objective....”[1], coldly and exhaustively developed along almost two pages, may provide sufficient arguments for correctly anchoring the action within the domain of military practice, in spite of the shortcoming of not having a more synthetic form, with valid landmarks for other disciplines, as well. Frequently, both the medical and the military operations exceed their routine, deserving artistic appreciations. It is not accidental that analysis and preparation of any military combat includes the field of military art, defined as ”a compounding part of the military science, a specialized domain of organization and management of armed conflicts. It includes both the principles, methods, procedures and rules for the preparation and development of military actions, and the personal endowments (talent, mastership, skill expected from the part of leaders and troops for attaining success in the battle...”[2] More than that, the operative art is defined as ”a component of military art ... created and developed as an intermediary domain between strategy and tactics...”[3]. Continuing to lay stress on the parallelism to which the study is devoted, the author considers that actions that may be related to or may be appreciated as possessing artistic characteristics occur even beyond the field of aesthetic or reparatory surgery. The definitions provided by medical dictionaries do not eliminate, yet encourage similarities. The operation is ”s.f./operation, (Lat. operatio, -onis = work, operation, derived from operari = to work, and opus, operis = labour, work, a medical act performed by the surgeon with his hands, by means of adequate instruments, for

  19. African military forces participation in peace operations: what evolutions?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    complex. PSO’s is the one department in the UN system that takes up the largest portion of combined UN budget in 2015 with a cost of nearly $9bn. In 2016 the UN have deployed more than 100.000 personnel, both military and police, distributed on 16 missions. Whilst most of the budget is spent on PSO...

  20. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-14

    907) 428-6007, craig.campbell2@us.army.mil American Samoa Attorney General Sialega Malaetasi Togafau, America Samoa Government, P.O. Box 7, Pago ... Pago , AS 96799, (684) 633-4163 Arizona Major General David P. Rataczak, Emergency and Military Affairs Department, 5636 East McDowell Road, Phoenix

  1. Lepton Collider Operation With Constant Currents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wienands, U.; /SLAC

    2006-02-22

    Electron-positron colliders have been operating in a top-up-and-coast fashion with a cycle time depending on the beam life time, typically one or more hours. Each top-up involves ramping detector systems in addition to the actual filling time. The loss in accumulated luminosity may be 20-50%. During the last year, both B-Factories have commissioned a continuous-injection mode of operation in which beam is injected without ramping the detector, thus raising luminosity integration by always operating at peak luminosity. Constant beam currents also reduce thermal drift and trips caused by change in beam loading. To achieve this level of operation, special efforts were made to reduce the injection losses and also to implement gating procedures in the detectors, minimizing dead time. Beam collimation can reduce injection noise but also cause an increase in background rates. A challenge can be determining beam lifetime, important to maintain tuning of the beams.

  2. ISAC target operation with high proton currents

    CERN Document Server

    Dombsky, M; Schmor, P; Lane, M

    2003-01-01

    The TRIUMF-ISAC facility target stations were designed for ISOL target irradiations with up to 100 mu A proton beam currents. Since beginning operation in 1998, ISAC irradiation currents have progressively increased from initial values of approx 1 mu A to present levels of up to 40 mu A on refractory metal foil targets. In addition, refractory carbide targets have operated at currents of up to 15 mu A for extended periods. The 1-40 mu A operational regime is achieved by tailoring each target to the thermal requirements dictated by material properties such as beam power deposition, thermal conductivity and maximum operating temperature of the target material. The number of heat shields on each target can be varied in order to match the effective emissivity of the target surface for the required radiative power dissipation. Targets of different thickness, surface area and volume have been investigated to study the effect of diffusion and effusion delays on the yield of radioisotopes. For yields of short-lived p...

  3. Multicriteria Cost Assessment and Logistics Modeling for Military Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Aerial Delivery Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    goal programming model , and we used Excel/ VBA to create an auto- matic, user-friendly interface with the decision maker for model input and analysis of...ARL-TR-7229•MAR 2015 US Army Research Laboratory Multicriteria Cost Assessment and Logistics Modeling for Military Humanitarian Assistance and...Cost Assessment and Logistics Modeling for Military Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Aerial Delivery Operations by Nathaniel Bastian

  4. Military Construction: FY2017 Appropriations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-04

    and reserve components of the armed forces, military family housing construction and operations, the U.S. contribution to the NATO Security Investment...Appropriations Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction Military construction for active and reserve components of the armed forces, military...Rescinded appropriations may be applied against current year appropriations to reduce the new budget authority needed to satisfy requirements . The net

  5. Military Intelligence Fusion for Complex Operations: A New Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    thick description might be the most relevant to this debate. See Clifford J. Geertz , The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays, New York: Basic...Washington, D.C.: Joint Military Intelligence College, January 2000. Geertz , Clifford J., The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays, New York...connector arrows between large numbers of loosely associated people and groups in a complex and poorly observed environment. Geertz ’ commentary on

  6. Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-01

    defense outsourcing statistics indicates that the MoD most closely matches DoD trends. As Figure 1 shows, the number of UK MoD “ public private partnerships ” (PPP...International Statistics on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Defense. with the premise that “there are no military core competencies, and that all...and scope of MoD’s “ public private partnerships ” program. The second analyses the premises underpinning the “government orthodoxy” and the

  7. Lepton Collider Operation with Constant Currents

    CERN Document Server

    Wienands, Ulrich

    2005-01-01

    Traditionally, electron-positron colliders have been operating in a top-off-and-coast fashion with a cycle time depending on the beam life time, typically on the order of an hour. Each top-off involves ramping detector systems in addition to the actual filling time. The loss in accumulated luminosity is typically 20-50%. During the last year, both B-Factories have commissioned a continuous-injection mode of operation in which beam is injected without ramping the detector, thus raising luminosity integration by constant operation at peak luminosity. Constant beam currents reduce thermal drift and trips caused by change in beam loading. To achieve this level of operation, special efforts were made to reduce the injection losses and also to implement special gating procedures in the detectors, minimizing dead time. Bunch-injection control decides which bunch to inject into next while maintaining small charge variation between bunches. Beam collimation can reduce injection noise but also cause an increase in back...

  8. Quantum current operators; 3, Commutative quantum current operators semi-infinite construction and functional models

    CERN Document Server

    Ding, J; Ding, Jintai; Feigin, Boris

    1996-01-01

    We construct a commutative current operator $\\bar x^+(z)$ inside $U_q(\\hat{\\frak sl}(2))$. With this operator and the condition of quantum integrability on the quantum current of $U_q(\\hat{\\frak sl}(2))$, we derive the quantization of the semi-infinite construction of integrable modules of The quantization of the functional models for $\\hat{\\frak sl}(2)$ are also given.

  9. Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare Metabolically Optimized Brain - JWF

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    ABSTRACT “The Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare: The Metabolically Optimized Brain ( MOB ) Study targets a...Operations and Healthcare: The Metabolically Optimized Brain ( MOB ) Study targets a more specific aspect of dietary nutrition, feeding policy and...psychological consequences of brain injury from high intensity training, and combat operations exposures. The MOB Study has 3 specific aims: 1. Convene a

  10. Human-robot interaction research for current and future military applications: from the laboratory to the field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosenzo, Keryl A.; Barnes, Michael J.

    2010-04-01

    Unmanned air and ground vehicles are an integral part of military operations. However, the use of the robot goes beyond moving the platform from point A to point B. The operator who is responsible for the robots will have a multitude of tasks to complete; route planning for the robot, monitoring the robot during the mission, monitoring and interpreting the sensor information received by the robot, and communicating that information with others. As a result, the addition of robotics can be considered a burden on the operator if not integrated appropriately into the system. The goal of the US Army Research Laboratory's Human Robotic Interaction (HRI) Program is to enable the Soldier to use robotic systems in a way that increases performance, that is, to facilitate effective collaboration between unmanned systems and the Soldier. The program uses multiple research approaches; modeling, simulation, laboratory experimentation, and field experimentation to achieve this overall goal. We have basic and applied research in HRI to include supervisory control, mounted and dismounted robotic control, and mitigation strategies for the HRI environment. This paper describes our HRI program across these various domains and how our research is supporting both current and future military operations.

  11. Data-Driven Modeling of Target Human Behavior in Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-12

    Military Operations Elizabeth Mezzacappa, Ph.D. Gordon Cooke, MEME Gladstone Reid, MSBMS Robert DeMarco, MSBMS Charles Sheridan BA John...stress, and human behavior modeling and simulation issues. GORDON COOKE, MEME , is a Principal Investigator at the TBRL. He was also a Chief

  12. American Public Support for US Military Operations from Mogadishu to Baghdad

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    yield the 146 American Public Support for U.S. Military Operations desired result of Iraq decamping from Kuwait; as a result, ultimately eight in ten...University of Chicago, 1991. Jeffords, Susan, and Lauren Rabinovitz, Seeing Through the Media, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1994

  13. Current feedback operational amplifiers and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Senani, Raj; Singh, A K; Singh, V K

    2013-01-01

    This book describes a variety of current feedback operational amplifier (CFOA) architectures and their applications in analog signal processing/generation. Coverage includes a comprehensive survey of commercially available, off-the-shelf integrated circuit CFOAs, as well as recent advances made on the design of CFOAs, including design innovations for bipolar and CMOS CFOAs.  This book serves as a single-source reference to the topic, as well as a catalog of over 200 application circuits which would be useful not only for students, educators and researchers in apprising them about the recent developments in the area but would also serve as a comprehensive repertoire of useful circuits for practicing engineers who might be interested in choosing an appropriate CFOA-based topology for use in a given application.

  14. The South African Military and Peace Support Operations ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1996-05-04

    May 4, 1996 ... Federation, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) in the ... the participating member states, resulting in the US decision to withdraw from Somalia ... support operations since 1948, the Canadian peacekeeping ...

  15. Military Engineer Contribution to Operational Art: The Hybrid Threat Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-22

    establish conditions for the success of the decisive operation.33 This may include the seizure of key terrain or deception operation that allows the...376, to unify the Korean peninsula.83 The month of October 1950 included the UN crossing the 38th parallel, seizure of Seoul and Pyongyang, X Corps...Frank H. The 1st Cavalry Division and Their 8th Engineers in Korea: America’s Silent Generation at War. South Burlington, VT: Bull Run of Vermont, 1997

  16. Functional Categories of Support to Operations in Military Information Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Tolk, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    In order to group the functional requirements for support to operations by modern information systems systematically, the NATO Code of best Practise (COBP) for C2 Assessment defines three domain areas: Battlespace Visualization, Decision Making, and Battle Management Functions. In addition, within an domain overlapping information grid of the information system, necessary functions for assessing and disseminating the information are capsulated. For all three domains, including the overlapping information grid, the respective requirements for functional support have to be met be future command, control, communications, and intelligence (C3I) systems. The paper describes the functional categories of the three domains having been defined for article 5 operations, extends them to meet the requirements for operations other than war (OOTW), and gives some examples how modules of simulation systems can deliver respective support functions. In addition, references defining migration procedures for legacy systems to e...

  17. Military co-operation with South Caucasus countries / Rafal Seniuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seniuch, Rafal

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne Poola ja Lõuna-Kaukaasia vabariikide vahelisest sõjalis-poliitilisest koostööst 22.-23. septembrini 2003 Vilniuses toimunud seminaril "South Caucasus: making the best use of external assistance for stability building and for co-operation with NATO"

  18. Military co-operation with South Caucasus countries / Rafal Seniuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seniuch, Rafal

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne Poola ja Lõuna-Kaukaasia vabariikide vahelisest sõjalis-poliitilisest koostööst 22.-23. septembrini 2003 Vilniuses toimunud seminaril "South Caucasus: making the best use of external assistance for stability building and for co-operation with NATO"

  19. UAVSAR Instrument: Current Operations and Planned Upgrades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Yunling; Hensley, Scott; Chao, Roger; Chapin, Elaine; Heavy, Brandon; Jones, Cathleen; Miller, Timothy; Naftel, Chris; Fratello, David

    2011-01-01

    The Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) instrument is a pod-based Lband polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR), specifically designed to acquire airborne repeat track SAR data for differential interferometric measurements. This instrument is currently installed on the NASA Gulfstream- III (G-III) aircraft with precision real-time Global Positioning System (GPS) and a sensor-controlled flight management system for precision repeat-pass data acquisitions. UAVSAR has conducted engineering and preliminary science data flights since October 2007 on the G-III. We are porting the radar to the Global Hawk Unmanned Airborne Vehicle (UAV) to enable long duration/long range data campaigns. We plan to install two radar pods (each with its own active array antenna) under the wings of the Global Hawk to enable the generation of precision topographic maps and single pass polarimetric-interferometry (SPI) providing vertical structure of ice and vegetation. Global Hawk's range of 8000 nm will enable regional surveys with far fewer sorties as well as measurements of remote locations without the need for long and complicated deployments. We are also developing P-band polarimetry and Ka-band single-pass interferometry capabilities on UAVSAR by replacing the radar antenna and front-end electronics to operate at these

  20. Cooperative Extension Training Impact on Military Youth and 4-H Youth: The Case of Speak Out for Military Kids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwin, James; McKinley, Steve; Talbert, B. Allen

    2010-01-01

    Extension needs new venues to promote their programming skills to unfamiliar audiences. One new audience Extension is currently reaching is military children. By partnering with Operation: Military Kids to offer a Speak Out for Military Kids training, Extension supports military children and document changes in the behavior of this audience.…

  1. Cooperative Extension Training Impact on Military Youth and 4-H Youth: The Case of Speak Out for Military Kids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwin, James; McKinley, Steve; Talbert, B. Allen

    2010-01-01

    Extension needs new venues to promote their programming skills to unfamiliar audiences. One new audience Extension is currently reaching is military children. By partnering with Operation: Military Kids to offer a Speak Out for Military Kids training, Extension supports military children and document changes in the behavior of this audience.…

  2. Roles of the Military Dietitian in Combat Operations and Humanitarian Assistance-Professional Development and Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Story, Kerryn L; Bukhari, Asma S; Bovill, Maria

    2016-10-01

    Military dietitians have long been valued members of the health care team, called on for their expertise as early as World War I. However, in the more recent conflicts over the past two decades, their role in health care delivery as a component of medical stability operations has been largely undefined. The purpose of this study was to explore the types of missions supported by U.S. military dietitians and characterize any unique competencies critical to their success during these missions using an online questionnaire. Sixty-five military dietitians responded to an online questionnaire and 49 (75%) shared their deployment experiences, lessons learned, and recommendations for future training based on 57 deployments from 1975 to 2014. Results indicated that during these deployments nutrition- and dietetics-related competencies were capitalized along with staff positions in support of combat and humanitarian operations. The majority (n = 24; 51%) valued mentorship as a useful resource before deployments followed by field experience (45%) and Web-based training (43%). The authors propose standardized formal training for military dietitians aimed at increasing strategic level awareness of partnerships and collaborations between U.S. Government and interagency organizations; these associations are vital for sustained synchronization of global health efforts.

  3. Operational Encirclements: Can the United States Military Decisively Follow Through?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-21

    friction that trickles down onto the battlefield. The European theatre during World War II was no different. The failure of American, and British...American and their Allied partners would continue to experience the ill-effects of it right up until the end of the war in the European theatre ...on Friday 27 March 2009 about Operation Anaconda. I used some information from our conversation. The following is verbatim from my monograph, "A

  4. Army Special Operations Forces Professional Military Education for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    generations have done. Jean Piaget (1896–1980) Swiss cognitive psychologist CG: Hey DCO, you’re never going to believe this; come in here and shut...with it. The conclusion is predicated on well- documented history and the widely accepted principles of organizational theory . Obviously, there are...this mission. When conducting FID, as well as all special operations, the officer leader: must approach each conflict with a distinctive theory of

  5. Task Force Gator: Best Practices in Civil-Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-17

    attractions and even build an amusement park . We instead decided that clean drinking water held precedence over Ferris wheels. Furthermore, the use of...on more exact criteria . Conversely, TF 2-6 opted to merge the two processes, planning and executing both operations at the same time. We pursued...question „Are we doing things right?‟”, while “MOE answers the question, „Are we doing the right things?‟” 39 Both criteria were used to determine

  6. Integrity of a common operating picture in military situational awareness

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Robertson, J

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available . If a commander loses his trust in the COP (due to irrelevant data, wrongfully displayed data etc.), the commander tends to ignore all the information portrayed by the COP and needs to rely on other methods to keep informed of the situation within.... Evaluating the integrity of the COP can be done by implementing a weighted system, which can give different weights to the different principles for every source, depending on the source‟s relative importance or impact on the operation. Different types...

  7. Non-destructive testing of composite materials used in military applications by eddy current thermography method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swiderski, Waldemar

    2016-10-01

    Eddy current thermography is a new NDT-technique for the detection of cracks in electro conductive materials. It combines the well-established inspection techniques of eddy current testing and thermography. The technique uses induced eddy currents to heat the sample being tested and defect detection is based on the changes of induced eddy currents flows revealed by thermal visualization captured by an infrared camera. The advantage of this method is to use the high performance of eddy current testing that eliminates the known problem of the edge effect. Especially for components of complex geometry this is an important factor which may overcome the increased expense for inspection set-up. The paper presents the possibility of applying eddy current thermography method for detecting defects in ballistic covers made of carbon fiber reinforced composites used in the construction of military vehicles.

  8. [Military psychiatry in a theatre of operations: on mission in Mali].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colas, Marie-Dominique

    2015-01-01

    The recent missions of military psychiatrists in the theatres of operation underline the reactivity of the French healthcare system, focused on the expertise of the combat unit doctor. Operation Serval in Mali illustrates in particular the methods of medical-psychological support in exceptional situations, across a vast geographical area and in very difficult climatic conditions. The concept of "forward psychiatry" has a particularly important role to play in the early screening and treatment of psychological disorders in order to preserve the operational capacity of the deployed personnel.

  9. Abundance and Utility: For Military Operations, Liquid Fuels Remain a Solid Choice over Natural Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    and combat support vehicles, ships, and aircraft, the adoption of natural gas —whether as compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG...tacticaldefensemedia.com16 | DoD Power & Energy Fall 2014 For Military Operations, Liquid Fuels Remain a Solid Choice over Natural Gas By Bret...Strogen and Patrick Lobner Abundance and Utility Fueling the Force Natural Gas M ilitary energy strategists often recount the British Royal Navy’s decision

  10. ASP, Art and Science of Practice: Educating Military Operations Research Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    evaluation of the design and execution of the exist- ing curriculum. A particular focus of this part of the curriculum review is an assessment of our educa ...with diverse educa - tional and operational experience. Three members of the military faculty have PhDs earned in OR-related disciplines. The rest have...were two of the best years of our lives . . . Remember that platitude we all espouse about the value of education? That the real value of educa

  11. MILITARY OPERATIONS IN THE INFORMATION AGE: PUTTING THE COGNITIVE DOMAIN ON TOP

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    operational influence doctrine is evolved. Writers and the marketing sector use the rhetorical triangle, logos, ethos and pathos to make effective...combination with the rhetorical triangle concepts used in marketing and other influence disciplines. Logos: Synchronizing Joint Fires Logos is the...intended and resonates with the receiver. According to Enlisting Madison Avenue, “…the U.S. military should adopt the business strategy of segmentation

  12. Comparison of Military and Commercial Design-To-Cost Aircraft Procurement and Operational Support Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-04-01

    establishment of a moderate-to-high-rate produccion line involves an extremely large amount of planning and investment for facilities, tooling, fabrication... planning to operations and support. For certain specific findings, recommendations are made which could contribute materially Lo 1nwir costs for militnrv...AMST Program Management 44 B. INITIAL PLANNING 45 1. DC-9 47 2. C-9A 48 3. AWACS 49 C. DESIGN ENGINEERING 51 1. Military Specification Application 51

  13. Balancing Operations Security and Openness: Understanding the Military/Media Relationship in the Modern Media Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    of huge problems: journalists don’t understand the business of war; they compromise operational security by unknowingly giving away secrets...states, “ Globalised media, satellite communications, international travel and commerce, and the Internet facilitate the coordination of diffuse ideas...Military Review, (March-April 2008): 107-113. 26 and ideas allows the spread of ideologies inimical to globalisation , and provides the means for

  14. A Cost Analysis of Direct Cash Compensation In Lieu of Operating Military Commissary Stores

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    provides groceries at cost ( cost consists of the purchase price , a 1 percent markup on select grocery items to cover the cost of inventory loss...during normal operations, and the cost of transportation to the store, not including overseas transportation) plus a 5 percent surcharge to military...PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v ABSTRACT The Defense Commissary Agency (DeCA) provides groceries at cost ( cost consists of the purchase price

  15. Higher-level fusion for military operations based on abductive inference: proof of principle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantaleev, Aleksandar V.; Josephson, John

    2006-04-01

    The ability of contemporary military commanders to estimate and understand complicated situations already suffers from information overload, and the situation can only grow worse. We describe a prototype application that uses abductive inferencing to fuse information from multiple sensors to evaluate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses that are close to the levels of abstraction needed for decision making (approximately JDL levels 2 and 3). Abductive inference (abduction, inference to the best explanation) is a pattern of reasoning that occurs naturally in diverse settings such as medical diagnosis, criminal investigations, scientific theory formation, and military intelligence analysis. Because abduction is part of common-sense reasoning, implementations of it can produce reasoning traces that are very human understandable. Automated abductive inferencing can be deployed to augment human reasoning, taking advantage of computation to process large amounts of information, and to bypass limits to human attention and short-term memory. We illustrate the workings of the prototype system by describing an example of its use for small-unit military operations in an urban setting. Knowledge was encoded as it might be captured prior to engagement from a standard military decision making process (MDMP) and analysis of commander's priority intelligence requirements (PIR). The system is able to reasonably estimate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses based on information from multiple sensors. Its inference processes can be examined closely to verify correctness. Decision makers can override conclusions at any level and changes will propagate appropriately.

  16. Occupational exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment: measurements and simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paljanos, Annamaria; Miclaus, Simona; Munteanu, Calin

    2015-09-01

    Technical literature provides numerous studies concerning radiofrequency exposure measurements for various radio communication devices, but there are few studies related to exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment. In order to evaluate exposure and identify cases when safety requirements are not entirely met, both measurements and simulations are needed for accurate results. Moreover, given the technical characteristics of the radio devices used in the military, personnel mainly operate in the near-field region so both measurements and simulation becomes more complex. Measurements were made in situ using a broadband personal exposimeter equipped with two isotropic probes for both electric and magnetic components of the field. The experiment was designed for three different operating frequencies of the same radio equipment, while simulations were made in FEKO software using hybrid numerical methods to solve complex electromagnetic field problems. The paper aims to discuss the comparative results of the measurements and simulation, as well as comparing them to reference levels specified in military or civilian radiofrequency exposure standards.

  17. LIGHTWEIGHT VIGILANT PROCEDURE TO IMPLEMENT SECURITY MEASURES IN HIGHLY ROVING MILITARY OPERATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Udhayan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The performance of Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET becomes questionable in highly roving and mission critical application like military operation. Security measures like encryption, authentication, digital signature has been proposed for MANET. However all those mechanisms need some kind of static infrastructure and it is extremely difficult to implement such an infrastructure throughout the military mission. Therefore in this work, various zones in military operation is identified and Zone A is responsible for implementing robust security measures, Zone B and Zone C are identified to be at highly hostile and time critical environment. Therefore usage of highly complex security procedures at zone B & C may delay the operation to the extent of failure of the mission. Hence in this study, a lightweight vigilant procedure that suits the circumstances of Zone B & C is proposed, it has the capability of detecting the malicious entrant in the routing path. Moreover, it works either independently or dependently with the routing protocols like AODV based on the need. The proposed method has been compared with various successful security measures in Ad-hoc network and the results shows that the proposed method is very useful in adapting to the conditions of zone B & C.

  18. The role and importance of UAV within the current theaters of operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niculae MARIN

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Current theaters of operations are not limited to battlefields, but they are much morediversified, including the fight against the international terrorism phenomenon, the social conflicts (ofreligious, political, economic and separatist nature within several countries, thus supplying somepolitical-military conflicts within different states and areas of the world. The armed interference mustbe done based on some highly accurate information that must be gathered without endangering thehuman lives. This is the role currently played by the unmanned air vehicles (UAVs; they can performseveral functions: surveillance, information gathering, data storage and their transmission to theground stations, including the function of interference, when needed. This paper presents, within theabove context, the status of the current theaters of operations and of the UAVs performing differentmissions within these theaters, together with their role and importance in warfare operations.

  19. Multinational Military Operations and Intercultural Factors (Les Operations Militaires Multinationales et les Facteurs Interculturels)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    emotion is a universal language ( Ekman , 1972, 1982; Ekman , Soresen, & Friesen, 1969; Izard, 1971). Despite this universal expression of emotion , a study... emotion . In J. Cole (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation (Vol. 19). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. [7] Ekman , P. (1982). Emotion in the...Leadership Paradigm 3-5 3.2.6 Combining Social, Emotional , and Cultural Intelligence: Transculturals 3-6 3.2.7 Assisting Multinational Military

  20. Iraqi Military Academies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nodar Z. Mossaki

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the system of training of officers in military academies in Iraq – in Zakho, Qalacholan, ar-Rustamiyah and an-Nasiriyah. The author describes the history of creation, process of evolution, challenges and features of training in these colleges. Particular attention paid to military academies in the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan, which actually do not obey the central government of Iraq, however, have the highest level of training. Currently, Iraq's military academies operate on the basis of the NATO standards. Iraqi military academies paid miuch attention to the specifics of the military and political situation in Iraq – counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations, patrolling cities, fighting in an urban environment etc. Significant place in the curriculum take the courses contributing to the formation of pro-Western sentiment.

  1. Reconsidering Military Support to Counterdrug Operations Along the U.S.-Mexico Border

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-11

    declaring war on gambling, underage drinking, or teen pregnancy . These citizen behaviors cannot be addressed with military power. Declaring war on DTOs...78 1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Much ado was made in the U.S. media during late 2008 and early 2009 of the national security threat posed by...Contemporary U.S.-Mexico Border and Its Future, is an encyclopedic and current source of demographic, geographical, political, economic, and social

  2. Cross Cultural Awareness in International Military Operation: International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jowita Brudnicka

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Multiculturalism defined as a multitude of cultures can be typified as a major trend in international relations, what is a chellenge for every participant of global affairs. The phenomen of multiculturalism is absolutely nothing new, but under conditions of progresive globalisation mechanism its importance has been appreciated.In practise multinational forces have to operate in culturally heterogeneous environment in an array of tasks to combat threats of mostly a non-military transnational nature. All the time there are a highly complex relations within coalition personnel, in cuturally diverse society living in the theatre of operation and between all them mutually.

  3. Epidemiological investigation of ocular injuries related to military training and operations in Chinese army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-he XIAO

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the epidemiological characters of ocular injuries related to military training and operations in Chinese army.Methods The data of servicemen with ocular injuries,hospitalized in 11 military evacuation hospitals from 2005-01-01 to 2009-12-31,were entered into a registration table.The data included the time and place when the injury happened,type and cause of injury,examination records,treatment,rehabilitation level,etc.All data were input into the database for statistical analysis.Results Of all the cases of ocular injuries,189(45.5% were related to military training and operations.The mean age of the 189 cases was 23.4±5.4 years,all of them were men,and soldiers accounted for 91.0% and officers accounted for 9.0%.The incidence declined in 2006 compared with that in 2005,and then rose gradually thereafter year by year.Eight patients(4.2% were complicated with bodily injuries,and 4.2% of patients had the history of eye surgery or eye disease before the ocular injury.Of the 189 cases,in 172(91.0% one eye was injured while in 17(9.0% both eyes were injured.After injury,in 35.0% of patients sight restoration to grade 1,in 20.6% to grade 2,in 13.6% to grade 3,in 25.7% to grade 4,and in 4.4% to grade 5.In 87.3% of patients injuries were due to mechanical forces and in 12.7% ocular injuries were not mechanical.Most patients with eye injury occurring in military training and operations were sent to evacuation hospital and treated timely,and good results were obtained.Conclusions Military training and operations related ocular injury is a prevalent ocular injury occurring in Chinese armed forces,and should be paid more attention in prevention.One important measure is to improve the prevention awareness of Chinese servicemen,and a detailed prevention measures should be further studied.

  4. A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Investigation of the Efficacy of Modafinil for Maintaining Alertness and Performance in Sustained Military Ground Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-08-01

    SUSTAINED MILITARY GROUND OPERATIONS Jeffrey Whitmore Patrick Hickey Brandon Doan Richard Harrison James Kisner Thomas Beltran John McQuade Joseph...NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 62202F 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Whitmore;Jeffrey, Hickey, Patrick; Doan, 7757 Brandon; Harrison, Richard, Kisner ...Heintz, Hickey, Hurtle, Kisner , and Smith, 2004). The dosing scheme used in the current study was similar to schemes recommended by Buguet, Moroz

  5. Impact of phlebotomine sand flies on U.S. Military operations at Tallil Air Base, Iraq: 1. background, military situation, and development of a "Leishmaniasis Control Program".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Russell E; Burkett, Douglas A; Putnam, John L; Sherwood, Van; Caci, Jennifer B; Jennings, Barton T; Hochberg, Lisa P; Spradling, Sharon L; Rowton, Edgar D; Blount, Keith; Ploch, John; Hopkins, Grady; Raymond, Jo-Lynne W; O'Guinn, Monica L; Lee, John S; Weina, Peter J

    2006-07-01

    One of the most significant modern day efforts to prevent and control an arthropod-borne disease during a military deployment occurred when a team of U.S. military entomologists led efforts to characterize, prevent, and control leishmaniasis at Tallil Air Base (TAB), Iraq, during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Soon after arriving at TAB on 22 March 2003, military entomologists determined that 1) high numbers of sand flies were present at TAB, 2) individual soldiers were receiving many sand fly bites in a single night, and 3) Leishmania parasites were present in 1.5% of the female sand flies as determined using a real-time (fluorogenic) Leishmania-generic polymerase chain reaction assay. The rapid determination that leishmaniasis was a specific threat in this area allowed for the establishment of a comprehensive Leishmaniasis Control Program (LCP) over 5 mo before the first case of leishmaniasis was confirmed in a U.S. soldier deployed to Iraq. The LCP had four components: 1) risk assessment, 2) enhancement of use of personal protective measures by all personnel at TAB, 3) vector and reservoir control, and 4) education of military personnel about sand flies and leishmaniasis. The establishment of the LCP at TAB before the onset of any human disease conclusively demonstrated that entomologists can play a critical role during military deployments.

  6. Shared meanings for military nurse veterans: follow up survey of nurse veterans from WWII, Korea, Vietnam, and Operation Desert Storm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanton-Bandiero, M P

    1998-01-01

    This study is an extension of a qualitative study involving military nurses in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and Operation Desert Storm. Common themes and shared meanings identified in the previous qualitative study were investigated using a broad sample of military nurses who had served at various times and different branches of the service. The present investigation used a survey to gather data, and results tended to validate results of the earlier study that the experiences of military nurses in times of war tend to transcend many factors including time and branch of service.

  7. Method of Choosing the Information Technology System Supporting Management of the Military Aircraft Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barszcz Piotr

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a method of choosing the information technology system, the task of which is to support the management process of the military aircraft operation. The proposed method is based on surveys conducted among direct users of IT systems used in aviation of the Polish Armed Forces. The analysis of results of the surveys was conducted using statistical methods. The paper was completed with practical conclusions related to further usefulness of the individual information technology systems. In the future, they can be extremely useful in the process of selecting the best solutions and integration of the information technology systems

  8. Operational vector-borne disease surveillance and control: closing the capabilities gap through research at overseas military laboratories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Brian P; Clark, Jeffrey W; Barbara, Kathryn A; Mundal, Kirk D; Furman, Barry D; McAvin, James C; Richardson, Jason H

    2009-01-01

    Malaria, dengue fever, chikungunya virus, leishmaniasis, and a myriad of other vector-borne diseases pose significant threats to the warfighter and to the overall combat effectiveness of units. Military preventive medicine (PM) assets must accurately evaluate the vector-borne disease threat and then implement and/or advise the commander on countermeasures to reduce a particular threat. The success of these measures is contingent upon the biology of the disease vector and on the tools or methods used to conduct vector/pathogen surveillance and vector control. There is a significant gap between the tools available and those required for operational PM assets to provide real-time, effective surveillance and control. A network of US Army and US Navy overseas laboratories is focused on closing the current capabilities gap. Their mission is to develop and field test tools and methods to enhance the combatant commander's ability to identify and mitigate the threat posed by these vector-borne diseases.

  9. Potential and Actual Health Hazards in the Dense Urban Operational Environment: Critical Gaps and Solutions for Military Occupational Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Steven L; Dancy, Blair C R; Ippolito, Danielle L; Stallings, Jonathan D

    2017-08-08

    : This paper presents environmental health risks which are prevalent in dense urban environments.We review the current literature and recommendations proposed by environmental medicine experts in a 2-day symposium sponsored by the Department of Defense and supported by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.Key hazards in the dense urban operational environment include toxic industrial chemicals and materials, water pollution and sewage, and air pollution. Four critical gaps in environmental medicine were identified: prioritizing chemical and environmental concerns, developing mobile decision aids, personalized health assessments, and better real-time health biomonitoring.As populations continue to concentrate in cities, civilian and military leaders will need to meet emerging environmental health concerns by developing and delivering adequate technology and policy solutions.

  10. Stabilization Operations Through Military Capacity Building-Integration Between Danish Conventional Forces and Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    N.Y: Frank Cass Publishers, 1998), 82–83. 146 Adams, US. Special Operations Forces in Action, 84–85. 147 Krepinevich Jr., The Army and Vietnam, 69...liaison teams, which were considered an important factor in the development of the Afghan National Army ( ANA ). Operational mentoring and liaison...Chief of Defence. Adams, Thomas K. U.S. Special Operations Forces in Action: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare. New York: Frank Cass Publishers

  11. Heating a chemical current source which operates at low temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mitsumata, T.; Khosikhara, N.

    1983-02-14

    A chamber for catalytic ignition of hydrogen or gasoline is installed in a chemical current source. The isolated heat heats the chemical current source with a low temperature of the environment providing its optimal operational conditions. The fuel is fed into the chamber from a tank or chamber located in the body of the chemical current source.

  12. Outsourcing Operational Logistics: Buyer Beware

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-31

    Privatized Military Logistics 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON Chairman, JMO Dept...CONTENTS Abstract i Introduction 1 Historical Examples of Privatized Military Logistics 2 Analysis: Problems of Outsourcing Military Logistics 5...to combat operations contribute to the argument not to privatize military logistics . 2 In the current vocabulary of the American military

  13. Problems with veteran-family communication during operation enduring freedom/operation Iraqi freedom military deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinojosa, Ramon; Hinojosa, Melanie Sberna; Högnäs, Robin S

    2012-02-01

    Twenty Reserve component (Army and Marines) and Army National Guard male veterans of Operational Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom discuss their deployment and postdeployment family reintegration experiences. A Grounded Theory approach is used to highlight some of the ways in which family miscommunication during deployment can occur. Communication with civilian family members is affected by the needs of operational security, technical problems with communication tools, miscommunication between family members, or because veterans have "nothing new to say" to family back home. These communication difficulties may lead to an initial gulf of understanding between veterans and family members that can cause family strain during postdeployment family reintegration. We end with a discussion of veteran family reintegration difficulties.

  14. Secure Multi-party Computation Protocol for Defense Applications in Military Operations Using Virtual Cryptography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Rohit; Joshi, Satyadhar

    With the advent into the 20th century whole world has been facing the common dilemma of Terrorism. The suicide attacks on US twin towers 11 Sept. 2001, Train bombings in Madrid Spain 11 Mar. 2004, London bombings 7 Jul. 2005 and Mumbai attack 26 Nov. 2008 were some of the most disturbing, destructive and evil acts by terrorists in the last decade which has clearly shown their evil intent that they can go to any extent to accomplish their goals. Many terrorist organizations such as al Quaida, Harakat ul-Mujahidin, Hezbollah, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Toiba, etc. are carrying out training camps and terrorist operations which are accompanied with latest technology and high tech arsenal. To counter such terrorism our military is in need of advanced defense technology. One of the major issues of concern is secure communication. It has to be made sure that communication between different military forces is secure so that critical information is not leaked to the adversary. Military forces need secure communication to shield their confidential data from terrorist forces. Leakage of concerned data can prove hazardous, thus preservation and security is of prime importance. There may be a need to perform computations that require data from many military forces, but in some cases the associated forces would not want to reveal their data to other forces. In such situations Secure Multi-party Computations find their application. In this paper, we propose a new highly scalable Secure Multi-party Computation (SMC) protocol and algorithm for Defense applications which can be used to perform computation on encrypted data. Every party encrypts their data in accordance with a particular scheme. This encrypted data is distributed among some created virtual parties. These Virtual parties send their data to the TTP through an Anonymizer layer. TTP performs computation on encrypted data and announces the result. As the data sent was encrypted its actual value can’t be known by TTP

  15. The Impact of Political-Military Relations on the Use of German Military Power during Operation Barbarossa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-15

    Military Writings, trans. and ed. Robert T. Foley (London, England: Frank Cass Publishers 2003), 188. 22In March 1920 Colonel Bauer and Wolfgang Kapp...and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg, FL: Hailer Publishing, 2006), 14. 5Matthew Cooper, The German Army...War, 1941-45 (New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, 1971), 40. 7Earl Ziemke and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg

  16. Hurricane Relief Operations in the Caribbean: Is the Use of the Military in Hurricane Relief Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Caribbean hurricanes are a type of tropical cyclone . They originate in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa and affect the Caribbean and 2 the...that will prove to be more suitable in disaster relief situations. Matthew Yarrow also shares Dynes’ view. He believes that soldiers are ill-suited... Haiti operations, in part due to the battalion commander’s lack of authority over troops from different countries. However, the performance of the

  17. Difference equations of quantum current operators and quantum parafermion construction

    CERN Document Server

    Ding, J; Ding, Jintai; Feigin, Boris

    1996-01-01

    For the current realization of the affine quantum groups, a simple comultiplication for the quantum current operators was given by Drinfeld. With this comultiplication, we prove that, for the integrable modules of $U_q(\\hat x^\\pm(zq^{\\pm 2k})$ are vertex operators satisfying certain q-difference equations, and we derive the quantum parafermions of $U_q(\\hat {\\frak sl}(2))$.

  18. Current operators in relativistic few-body systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coester, F.; Klink, W.H.; Polyzou, W.N.

    1995-08-01

    The interpretation of experiments that explore hadron structure with electromagnetic probes requires both a nonperturbative representation of the hadron states and a compatible representation of the current-density operator. Intuitive interpretations depend strongly on the {open_quotes}impulse approximation{close_quotes}, that is, the use of one-body currents. One-body currents, however, cannot satisfy essentially the constraints imposed by the dynamics. In nonrelativistic quantum mechanics the problem of constructing dynamically required interaction currents is well understood and has been solved. Since Galilei transformations are kinematic, only time-translation covariance and current conservation impose dynamical constraints on current operators. These constraints can be satisfied by the well-known construction of so-called {open_quotes}minimal{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}model-independent{close_quotes} currents. Descriptions of hadron structure and of nuclear effects probed at high energies require a relativistic description. In relativistic few-body dynamics, one-body currents are covariant only under the kinematic subgroup of the Poincare group. Full Poincare covariance and current conservation implies dynamically determined interaction currents. The separation of the current operator into impulse current and interaction current depends on the {open_quotes}form of dynamics{close_quotes}, that is on the choice of the kinematic subgroup. The choice of the light-front kinematics has unique advantages not available with other forms of dynamics: (1) a relevant subgroup of the translations is kinematic, (2) initial and final states are related by kinematic Lorentz transformations, (3) the contributions of the individual constituents are related kinematically to the total current. These features were exploited successfully in calculations of deuteron form factors and quark-model form factors of hadrons.

  19. Military Review, Volume 74, Number 1. January 1994. FM 100-5 and Operations Other than War

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    to a great degree, Havana province. Aguica prison in Matanzas determine the completion of Army province, Villa Marista detention center in...operations. however, is not the 68 January 1994 o MILITARY REVIEW A WWIJI Almanact~ i ~ The Landings at Anzio Major Francis A. Galgano Jr., US Army

  20. Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    FEMME FATALE: AN EXAMINATION OF THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN COMBAT AND THE POLICY IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE AMERICAN MILITARY OPERATIONS BY KRISTAL L.M...to 00-00-2008 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American

  1. Beyond the Theatre of Military Operations: the Monuments of the Crimean War in Simferopol and Bakhchisaray

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay A. Syedin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the events that took place on the Crimean peninsula during the Eastern War (1853-1856 beyond the main battle fields. The author describes overall picture of what was happening in the Crimean cities on the background of heroic defense of Sevastopol, names cities which experienced invasion and tells about the consequences of their occupation. The article mainly focuses on Simferopol and Bakhchisaray as the front-line cities that played a significant role in defense of Sevastopol and experienced all the consequences of military actions on the Crimean peninsula. The author names the famous participants of the Crimean War whose lives were closely connected with those cities, and tells about historical monuments related to the events of those years. The aforementioned participants include the famous writers L. N. Tolstoy and N. V. Berg, who spent significant amount of time in those cities during the war. Another personality that draws the author’s close attention is N.I. Pirogov, a surgeon whose professional activity on the peninsula at that time was tightly connected with Simferopol. The article also tells about active participants of military operations – generals P.A. Vrevskiy and P.V. Veimarn who lost their lives during the battle at the Chornaya river and were buried in Bakhchisaray. The author believes that knowledge of events that were happening on the entire territory of the Crimean peninsula substantially improves our understanding of the scale of the Crimean War, reveals the drama of the War and its impact on nations, cities and individuals – whether well-known to us or not – and provides additional material for patriotic education. The article describes in detail the work on preservation of memorials of the Crimean War and promotes the attitude of care towards the monuments located all over the Crimean peninsula.

  2. Study on the Key Success Factors of the Operation of a Regional Military Logistic Food Material Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fu-Jin Wang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In order to establish an integrated supply system of the military food material, the study was to discuss the key success factors of operation of the military regional food material logistic center in Taiwan. Approach: The Delphi method, questionnaires and telephone interviews were used to collect and integrate the opinions of experts and scholars. Simultaneously, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP was applied to confirm the evaluative factors of each level, i.e., one goal (to construct key success factors of the operation of a regional military logistic food material center for the first level, two analytical aspects (the external and internal environments for the second level, six evaluative facets (the safety design, strategic management, administrative effect, policy, service and internal and external integration for the third level and 19 evaluative criteria for the fourth level. Results: The 350 questionnaires from the second phase which were sent out to four kinds of respondents, 319 valid ones were returned. Conclusion: After AHP analysis, the results of this study could suggest an evaluation table for the key success factors of operation of the military regional food material logistic center in Taiwan.

  3. Military Strategy vs. Military Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfoed, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    The article argues that while doctrine represents the more scientific side of warfare, strategy represents the artistic side. Existing doctrine will almost never meet the requirements for winning the next war; it is through the artistic application of generic peacetime doctrine to the specific st...... strategic and operational context, using doctrine as building blocks for a context specific military strategy, that the military commander outwits and defeats or coerces the adversary and achieves the military objectives....

  4. A literature review of the military uses of silver-nylon dressings with emphasis on wartime operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barillo, David J; Pozza, Morano; Margaret-Brandt, Mary

    2014-12-01

    Medical support of military operations involves treatment of massive soft tissue wounds, thermal burns, open fractures, blast injuries and traumatic amputations under conditions that are often austere and far from supply lines. Military hospitals, as recently deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, are designed and equipped for stabilization and rapid transfer of injured patients back to their home nation. These austere facilities are often tasked with the emergency or long-term treatment of local populations when injured or burned, further stressing the medical resupply system. Pathogens encountered in contemporary wartime practice are increasingly resistant to antibiotics. Ionic silver is bactericidal against a broad spectrum of bacteria, yeasts and fungi, has been utilized as a topical antiseptic for over 100 years, and has no known clinically-relevant resistance. Silver-nylon dressings, initially stocked in US military hospitals as a burn dressing, are now finding utility as a universal dressing for all types of combat wounds. Compared to conventional burn dressings, they are easier to transport and store, easier to use, and do not need to be changed as frequently, allowing for conservation of nursing resources. In this literature review, the recent military uses of silver-nylon dressings are examined. The stockpiling and use of silver-nylon as a universal military burn and wound dressing is advocated.

  5. Military Training and Education: an Opportunity for V4 Co-Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan ŠUPLATA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The Visegrad Group needs success stories if its defence co-operation is to develop. The recent differences between Poland and the rest of the region, as well as the closing window of opportunity to improve interoperability through the ISAF mission, make the hunger for concrete examples of co-operation even more urgent. Education and training projects are not only comparatively easily to implement in terms of time and money, but also represent a way of bringing the region’s civilian and military leaders closer together in terms of strategic thinking. Regional defence collaboration is also one of the ways to materialize NATO’s Smart Defence agenda. For the whole region, the way to keep Visegrad defence cooperation alive is not straightforward and certain, but it is likely to prove rewarding in the long term. It presents not only a chance to keep the whole region better prepared militarily, but also to build a more cohesive strategic awareness, thanks to intensive communication at all levels.

  6. MODERN MILITARY GEOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Bezuidenhout

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Modern Military Geography is a new text that explores the relationship between geography and military conflict. As such, it covers many different scenarios and operational theatres and brings perspective to the link between local topography, hydrographical settings, climate, coastal conditions and military operations. The text goes further by examining the influence of secondary factors, which include, biological, health and environmental issues on military operations. The unique interaction between physical conditions and the geopolitical realities of different geographical settings are well illustrated. This book is therefore an excellent addition to the fields of military geography and military history, as well as other related military disciplines.

  7. Strategic Purpose of U.S. Military Foreign Humanitarian Assistance Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    military assistance in particular: There has always been a sort of “two-fers” character to our engagement overseas. First there are Realpolitik ...act. However, the U.S. military involvement in Somalia lacked support for Realpolitik interests in terms of supporting clearly identified national

  8. Fiscal and Operational Impacts of Standardizing US Military Resiliency Programs to Minimize Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    separate programs aimed at decreasing the rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicide . The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the current...Marine Corps Behavioral Health Information Network Primary focus: Community counseling and suicide prevention Website: http://bhin.usmc-mccs .org... Behavior of Men in Battle. New York: Free Press, 1985. House. Current Status of Suicide Prevention Programs in the Military: Hearing before the

  9. Quantization of edge currents for continuous magnetic operators

    CERN Document Server

    Kellendonk, J

    2003-01-01

    For a magnetic Hamiltonian on a half-plane given as the sum of the Landau operator with Dirichlet boundary conditions and a random potential, a quantization theorem for the edge currents is proven. This shows that the concept of edge channels also makes sense in presence of disorder. Moreover, gaussian bounds on the heat kernel and its covariant derivatives are obtained.

  10. Towards fully non-inductive current drive operation in JET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Litaudon, X. [Association Euratom-CEA Cadarache, Dept. de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Crisanti, F. [Association Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Centro Ricerche Frascati (Italy); Alper, B. [Euratom-UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon (United Kingdom)] [and others

    2002-01-01

    Quasi steady operation has been achieved at JET in the high confinement regime with Internal Transport Barriers, ITBs. The ITBs' performances are maintained up to 11 s. This duration, much larger than the energy confinement time, is already approaching a current resistive time. The high performance phase is limited only by plant constraints. The radial profiles of the thermal electron and ion pressures have steep gradients typically at mid-plasma radius. A large fraction of non-inductive current (above 80%) is sustained throughout the high performance phase with a poloidal beta exceeding unity. The safety factor profile plays an important role in sustaining the ITB characteristics. In this regime where the self-generated bootstrap current (up to LOMA) represents 50% of the total current, the resistive evolution of the non-monotonic q-profile is slowed down by using off-axis lower hybrid current drive. (authors)

  11. Operator algebra of free conformal currents via twistors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gelfond, O.A. [Institute of System Research of Russian Academy of Sciences, Nakhimovsky prospect 36-1, 117218 Moscow (Russian Federation); Vasiliev, M.A., E-mail: vasiliev@lpi.ru [I.E. Tamm Department of Theoretical Physics, Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninsky prospect 53, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2013-11-21

    Operator algebra of (not necessarily free) higher-spin conformal conserved currents in generalized matrix spaces, that include 3d Minkowski space–time as a particular case, is shown to be determined by an associative algebra M of functions on the twistor space. For free conserved currents, M is the universal enveloping algebra of the higher-spin algebra. Proposed construction greatly simplifies computation and analysis of correlators of conserved currents. Generating function for n-point functions of 3d (super)currents of all spins, built from N free constituent massless scalars and spinors, is obtained in a concise form of certain determinant. Our results agree with and extend earlier bulk computations in the HS AdS{sub 4}/CFT{sub 3} framework. Generating function for n-point functions of 4d conformal currents is also presented.

  12. A Comprehensive Comparison of Current Operating Reserve Methodologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krad, Ibrahim; Ibanez, Eduardo; Gao, Wenzhong

    2016-05-05

    Electric power systems are currently experiencing a paradigm shift from a traditionally static system to a system that is becoming increasingly more dynamic and variable. Emerging technologies are forcing power system operators to adapt to their performance characteristics. These technologies, such as distributed generation and energy storage systems, have changed the traditional idea of a distribution system with power flowing in one direction into a distribution system with bidirectional flows. Variable generation, in the form of wind and solar generation, also increases the variability and uncertainty in the system. As such, power system operators are revisiting the ways in which they treat this evolving power system, namely by modifying their operating reserve methodologies. This paper intends to show an in-depth analysis on different operating reserve methodologies and investigate their impacts on power system reliability and economic efficiency.

  13. Ultrafine Particle Distribution and Chemical Composition Assessment during Military Operative Trainings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Campagna

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available (1 Background: The assessment of airborne particulate matter (PM and ultrafine particles (UFPs in battlefield scenarios is a topic of particular concern; (2 Methods: Size distribution, concentration, and chemical composition of UFPs during operative military training activities (target drone launches, ammunition blasting, and inert bomb impact were investigated using an electric low-pressure impactor (ELPI+ and a scanning electron microscope (SEM, equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS; (3 Results: The median of UFPs, measured for all sampling periods and at variable distance from sources, was between 1.02 × 103 and 3.75 × 103 particles/cm3 for drone launches, between 3.32 × 103 and 15.4 × 103 particles/cm3 for the ammunition blasting and from 7.9 × 103 to 1.3 × 104 particles/cm3 for inert launches. Maximum peak concentrations, during emitting sources starting, were 75.5 × 106 and 17.9 × 106 particles/cm3, respectively. Particles from the drone launches were predominantly composed of silicon (Si, iron (Fe and calcium (Ca, and those from the blasting campaigns by magnesium (Mg, sulphur (S, aluminum (Al, iron (Fe, barium (Ba and silicon (Si; (4 Conclusions: The investigated sources produced UFPs with median values lower than other anthropogenic sources, and with a similar chemical composition.

  14. Decentralized operating procedures for orchestrating data and behavior across distributed military systems and assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peach, Nicholas

    2011-06-01

    In this paper, we present a method for a highly decentralized yet structured and flexible approach to achieve systems interoperability by orchestrating data and behavior across distributed military systems and assets with security considerations addressed from the beginning. We describe an architecture of a tool-based design of business processes called Decentralized Operating Procedures (DOP) and the deployment of DOPs onto run time nodes, supporting the parallel execution of each DOP at multiple implementation nodes (fixed locations, vehicles, sensors and soldiers) throughout a battlefield to achieve flexible and reliable interoperability. The described method allows the architecture to; a) provide fine grain control of the collection and delivery of data between systems; b) allow the definition of a DOP at a strategic (or doctrine) level by defining required system behavior through process syntax at an abstract level, agnostic of implementation details; c) deploy a DOP into heterogeneous environments by the nomination of actual system interfaces and roles at a tactical level; d) rapidly deploy new DOPs in support of new tactics and systems; e) support multiple instances of a DOP in support of multiple missions; f) dynamically add or remove run-time nodes from a specific DOP instance as missions requirements change; g) model the passage of, and business reasons for the transmission of each data message to a specific DOP instance to support accreditation; h) run on low powered computers with lightweight tactical messaging. This approach is designed to extend the capabilities of existing standards, such as the Generic Vehicle Architecture (GVA).

  15. Research on Operation Mechanism of Civil-military Integration Equipment Support Supply Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Chang Feng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available High-tech local wars under conditions of informatization is becoming increasingly dependent on the security of weapons and equipment, and civil-military integration equipment support has become a trend. Civil-military integration equipment support chain construction vigorously, must be starting from the strengthening of the top-level planning decisions, building the civil-military coordination and restraint mechanisms and establishing efficient incentives and effective oversight mechanisms to ensure the performance of various support tasks, and to enhance the equipment support ability to achieve “fast, accurate, and efficient” goals.

  16. How they missed the big story: Norwegian news media and NATO’s military operation in Libya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rune Ottosen

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports from a research project on how selected Norwegian newspapers covered the NATO-led military engagement in Libya in 2011. As a backdrop we build on earlier research on the role between the media and security policy which had found that in times of war the media in general support the government. We analyze Norwegian newspaper's ability to present, discuss and express opinions on the principal political and legal questions concerning international military interventions in general and Norwegian participation in the NATO-led operations in Libya 2011 in particular Our findings is that legal issues are underreported but that the left wing press and niche newspapers offer a critical opposition to the government policy and the NATO-operation.

  17. An Approach and Framework to Synchronize Joint Exercises and Training with Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-06

    Ibid. 6 Ibid. 32 Kosovo, Honduras , the Caribbean and Central America, the Trans Sahara region...Operation Joint Guardian.8 Joint Task Force (JTF) Bravo originated in the Republic of Honduras and currently supports United States interests throughout...expands due to climate change, America’s relationship with Russia and Canada will become increasingly important. The rebalance of forces to the Asia

  18. Design Considerations for CMOS Current Mode Operational Amplifiers and Current Conveyors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Erik

    This dissertation is about CMOS current conveyors and current mode operational amplifiers (opamps). They are generic devices for continuous time signal processing in circuits and systems where signals are represented by currents.Substantial advancements are reported in the dissertation, both...... related to circuit implementations and system configurations and to an analysis of the fundamental limitations of the current mode technique.In the field of system configurations and circuit implementations different configurations of high gain current opamps are introduced and some of the first...... implementations of current mode opamps in CMOS technology are described. Also, current conveyor configurations with multiple outputs and flexible feedback connections from outputs to inputs are introduced. The dissertation includes several examples of circuit configurations ranging from simple class A and class...

  19. Nuclear electromagnetic charge and current operators in Chiral EFT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Girlanda, Luca [Università del Salento; Marcucci, Laura Elisa [Univ. Pisa; Pastore, Saori [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC; Piarulli, Maria [Department of Physics, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA; Schiavilla, Rocco [Old Dominion U., JLAB; Viviani, Michele

    2013-08-01

    We describe our method for deriving the nuclear electromagnetic charge and current operators in chiral perturbation theory, based on time-ordered perturbation theory. We then discuss possible strategies for fixing the relevant low-energy constants, from the magnetic moments of the deuteron and of the trinucleons, and from the radiative np capture cross sections, and identify a scheme which, partly relying on {Delta} resonance saturation, leads to a reasonable pattern of convergence of the chiral expansion.

  20. Outsourcing, Managing, Supervising, and Regulating Private Military Companies in Contingency Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    Peacekeeping,” 323. 77 Gerry Cleaver , Subcontracting military power: The privatization of security in contemporary Sub- Saharan Africa (Netherlands...52, Brayton, "Outsourcing War: Mercenaries and the Privatization of Peacekeeping,” 322, Cleaver , Subcontracting military power: The privatization...relatively long tradition of and much experience in outsourcing PMCs. Second; Iraq and Afghanistan have become test areas with respect to the utilization of

  1. Design Considerations for CMOS Current Mode Operational Amplifiers and Current Conveyors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Erik

    This dissertation is about CMOS current conveyors and current mode operational amplifiers (opamps). They are generic devices for continuous time signal processing in circuits and systems where signals are represented by currents.Substantial advancements are reported in the dissertation, both...... implementations of current mode opamps in CMOS technology are described. Also, current conveyor configurations with multiple outputs and flexible feedback connections from outputs to inputs are introduced. The dissertation includes several examples of circuit configurations ranging from simple class A and class...... AB conveyor implementations to implementations based on purely digital circuit structures and on more complex analog subsystems such as a voltage mode opamp with feedback to provide a voltage follower action. An important by-product of the investigation of current mode structures is the definition...

  2. Two-loop current-current operator contribution to the non-leptonic QCD penguin amplitude

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, Guido; Huber, Tobias; Li, Xin-Qiang

    2015-01-01

    The computation of direct CP asymmetries in charmless B decays at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in QCD is of interest to ascertain the short-distance contribution. Here we compute the two-loop penguin contractions of the current-current operators Q_{1,2} and provide a first estimate of NNLO CP asymmetries in penguin-dominated b -> s transitions.

  3. APPROACHES TO EUROPEAN UNION MILITARY COLLABORATION IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC AUSTERITY ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria CONSTANTINESCU

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of the economic crisis on European countries has led to serious cuts of the defense budgets and a perceived reduction in the EU’s ability to provide capabilities required by other allies, especially the US. Cooperation, in the form of pooling and sharing may not be an easy and “ready to use” solution to Europe’s defense issues generated by the budget austerity and economic downturn, but it may provide ways to lessen the defense cuts impact on the military capabilities. Nonetheless, the success of the initiative is strongly related to the degree of political and military commitment of the EU countries to put into practice the concept.

  4. SERVARE-VITAS political consequences for Romanian national government and military of hostage deaths in a Romanian Special Operations Forces hostage rescue operation

    OpenAIRE

    Rapanu, Adrian.

    2006-01-01

    Humankind conflicts reached a point where the use of terrorism continues to be viewed as an acceptable and valuable instrument to pursue political goals. Because of the fact that the Romanian forces have encountered little action in the terrorism arena, one can say that the Romanian counter-terrorism and antiterrorism arrangements within the law enforcement and military are immature. This paper attempts to shed light upon the current crisis management procedures and how that arrangement...

  5. Review of Current Aided/Automatic Target Acquisition Technology for Military Target Acquisition Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    new advancements in military-relevant performance. C©2011 Society of Photo -Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). [DOI: 10.1117/1.3601879] Subject...indication (MTI) become first- step candidate approaches. Change detection can be a major tool in improvised explosive detection (IED) detection. Dis- turbed...Wilson, “A time-critical targeting roadmap,” Air Command and Staff Collage , Maxwell AFB, AL, Source Code 405502 ADA420658 (April 2002). 8. J. R. Rufa

  6. Complexity associated with the optimisation of capability options in military operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pincombe, A.; Bender, A.; Allen, G.

    2005-12-01

    In the context of a military operation, even if the intended actions, the geographic location, and the capabilities of the opposition are known, there are still some critical uncertainties that could have a major impact on the effectiveness of a given set of capabilities. These uncertainties include unpredictable events and the response alternatives that are available to the command and control elements of the capability set. They greatly complicate any a priori mathematical description. In a forecasting approach, the most likely future might be chosen and a solution sought that is optimal for that case. With scenario analysis, futures are proposed on the basis of critical uncertainties and the option that is most robust is chosen. We use scenario analysis but our approach is different in that we focus on the complexity and use the coupling between scenarios and options to create information on ideal options. The approach makes use of both soft and hard operations research methods, with subject matter expertise being used to define plausible responses to scenarios. In each scenario, uncertainty affects only a subset of the system-inherent variables and the variables that describe system-environment interactions. It is this scenario-specific reduction of variables that makes the problem mathematically tractable. The process we define is significantly different to existing scenario analysis processes, so we have named it adversarial scenario analysis. It can be used in conjunction with other methods, including recent improvements to the scenario analysis process. To illustrate the approach, we undertake a tactical level scenario analysis for a logistics problem that is defined by a network, expected throughputs to end users, the transport capacity available, the infrastructure at the nodes and the capacities of roads, stocks etc. The throughput capacity, e.g. the effectiveness, of the system relies on all of these variables and on the couplings between them. The

  7. Evaluation of Compulsory Military Service in Turkey Using a Population Representation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, 2007. ...................................................................78  Figure 4.  Education Levels of Women ...trends include trials of military service members stemming from an alleged military coup; the current fight with Kurdish terrorists ( PKK ), mostly in...terrorists ( PKK ), mostly in the southeastern part of the country. The role of the Turkish military in protecting the interests and integrity of the

  8. Higher-spin current multiplets in operator-product expansions

    CERN Document Server

    Anselmi, D

    2000-01-01

    Various formulas for currents with arbitrary spin are worked out in general space-time dimension, in the free field limit and, at the bare level, in presence of interactions. As the n-dimensional generalization of the (conformal) vector field, the (n/2-1)-form is used. The two-point functions and the higher-spin central charges are evaluated at one loop. As an application, the higher-spin hierarchies generated by the stress-tensor operator-product expansion are computed in supersymmetric theories. The results exhibit an interesting universality.

  9. Design of current mirror integration ROIC for snapshot mode operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanker Gupta, Hari; Kiran Kumar, A. S.; Shojaei Baghini, M.; Chakrabarti, Subhananda; Mehta, Sanjeev; Chowdhury, Arup Roy; Sharma, Dinesh K.

    2016-10-01

    Current mirror integration (CMI) read out integrated circuit (ROIC) topology provides a low input impedance to photo-detectors and provides large injection efficiency, large charge handling capacity and snapshot mode operation without in-pixel opamps. The ROIC described in this paper has been implemented with a modified current mirror circuit, with matched PMOS pairs for detector input stage and its biasing. The readout circuit has been designed for 30 × 30 μm2 pixel size, 4 × 4 array size, variable frame rate, 5 Mega pixel per second (Mpps). Experimental performance of the test chip has achieved 15 Me charge handling capacity, a high dynamic range of 83 dB, 99.8% linearity and 99.96% injection efficiency. The ROIC design has been fabricated in 3.3 V 1P6M UMC 180 nm CMOS process and tested up to 5 MHz pixel rate at room and at cryogenic temperature.

  10. HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT EDUCATION - FROM OPERATIONAL CONCEPTUALIZATION TO THE MILITARY SYSTEM’S TRANSFORMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodor FRUNZETI

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The strategic environment underwent significant alterations having to do with the nature and typology of risks, both globally and regionally. Therefore, military policies and strategies have altered significantly, that is, passing from risk-based defense planning to capability-based defense planning. This calls for the development of a robust modeling and simulation architecture of the military systems for educational and training purposes in order to achieve short-, medium-, and long-term capabilities. The accomplishment of an education and training architecture at a joint and inter-agency level permits the analysis and confirmation of solutions for functional fields.

  11. Cultural Property Protection in the Context of Military Operations: The Case of Uruk, Iraq

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kila, J.D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with the use of military or militarized experts for cultural property protection (CPP) during times of conflict. CPP activities generally take place within a juridical framework that gives obligations for all parties involved, primarily the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection o

  12. Guide to Rebuilding Public Sector Services in Stability Operations: A Role for the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    Andreas , and Igor Grebenschikov. “Security Governance by Internationals: The Case of Kosovo.” International Peacekeeping, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2006, pp...Conflict Reconstruction and Social Stability in Violent and Fragile States.” In Cornwallis XI: Analysis for Civil-Military Transitions, David Davis

  13. The US Military’s Experience in Stability Operations, 1789-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Constitutionalist Venustiano Carranza . Meanwhile, the city was a cesspool of disease, and the new American military govern- ment wasted no time in instituting a... Carranza and General Francisco Villa and Emiliano Zapata battled over the spoils. However, it was not until 23 November that the Americans evacuated

  14. Comparison of Military and Commercial Design-to-Cost Aircraft Procurement and Operational Support Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-07-01

    oAft"uAt S 3. PA 7- 2 Figure 18. Typical Commercial Test Plan 52 The military Category I flight test program accomplishes essentially the same tesi ...Bur~-s cide . - perating Procedures, etc._ - as they relate to AVACS. i910 SPECIFIC (continued) 10. The nearly unanimous comment, that there is

  15. Challenges in Utilising Key Leader Engagement in Civil-Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    experience from Afghanistan represented different organisations: Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency ( Sida ...with Swedish civil and military personnel • Extensive experience from several missions, focus on Afghanistan • Organisations: SwAF, Sida , SAK and

  16. Civil Affairs and Military Government Operations in Post-Fascist Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    World War II. Leaders like General Scott in Mexico , and others through their experience generated a military consensus of the importance of civil...northward. Food stores and banks were emptied, and hoarding was a continual problem for AMG personnel. Malnutrition and hunger was rampant as the

  17. Health Outcomes among Infants Born to Women Deployed to US Military Operations during Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    defined as infants born to military women who deployed outside of the first trimester of pregnancy. This referent group was considered optimal because...Occup Med Environ Health 17:223–243. Jacobson IG, Gumbs GR, Sevick CJ, et al. 2008a. Smallpox vaccination is not associated with infertility in a

  18. Hybrid Threat Concept: Contemporary War, Military Planning and the Advent of Unrestricted Operational Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    Protestant ethics , technological prowess and an expeditionary mentality for the use of its military. See Anita Arms, “Strategic Culture: The American Mind...diplomatic, emphasizing Confucian -Mencian preferences of winning over an opponent through virtuous actions.171 Chinese thought is influenced by the

  19. Charter Schools: Guidance Needed for Military Base Schools on Startup and Operational Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    offers a buddy program for military-connected students transferring into the school, a self - esteem program, and a support group for students with a...MasterCard, Visa, check, or money order. Call for additional information. Connect with GAO on Facebook , Flickr, Twitter, and YouTube. Subscribe

  20. Smart Questions : Context-dependent mobile information exchange for military operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Streefkerk, J.W.; Heuvelink, A.

    2014-01-01

    During military mISSIOns, mobile devices allow information exchange between distributed groups of soldiers. As the context of use changes frequently and more (unstructured) information becomes available during missions, the challenge is to ensure that the right information reaches the right recipien

  1. THE INFLUENCE OF GEOLOGY ON BATTLEFIELD TERRAIN AND IT’S AFFECTS ON MILITARY OPERATIONS IN MOUNTAINS AND KARST REGIONS: EXAMPLES FROM WW1 AND AFGHANISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Zečević

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available During the World War I conflict between the Austrian and Italian army, Austrian engineer units constructed hallways in the karst region of Soča river. Those hallways, karst phenomena (caverns, caves and other fortifications, gave the Austrian army a tactical advantage. The construction principle of caverns is the consequence of the geological structure of the terrain. We are watching another military conflict in Afghanistan. In country where many armies in history have been defeated, where the terrain morphology condition a guerilla tactic, where the function effect of modern military technology is limited by battlefield configuration and with low military value of individual target, we are creating a "picture" of the possible view of the future battlefield. Al-Qai'da operatives in east Afghanistan take advantage of the opportunity of geological structure of the terrain and construct tunnel network across natural caves. Although the tunnel network in Afghanistan is constructed mostly in sandstones and metamorphic rocks, we may partly compare it with Austrian hallways. In that sense this work shows the influence of geological structure of the terrain on the effect of military operations in mountains and karst regions, and the analogy between military operations on the Soča river and military operations in Afghanistan.

  2. Risk Factors for Injuries During Military Static-Line Airborne Operations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph; Steelman, Ryan

    2016-11-01

     To identify and analyze articles in which the authors examined risk factors for soldiers during military static-line airborne operations.  We searched for articles in PubMed, the Defense Technical Information Center, reference lists, and other sources using the key words airborne, parachuting, parachutes, paratrooper, injuries, wounds, trauma, and musculoskeletal.  The search identified 17 684 potential studies. Studies were included if they were written in English, involved military static-line parachute operations, recorded injuries directly from events on the landing zone or from safety or medical records, and provided data for quantitative assessment of injury risk factors. A total of 23 studies met the review criteria, and 15 were included in the meta-analysis.  The summary statistic obtained for each risk factor was the risk ratio, which was the ratio of the injury risk in 1 group to that of another (baseline) group. Where data were sufficient, meta-analyses were performed and heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed.  Risk factors for static-line parachuting injuries included night jumps, jumps with extra equipment, higher wind speeds, higher air temperatures, jumps from fixed-wing aircraft rather than balloons or helicopters, jumps onto certain types of terrain, being a female paratrooper, greater body weight, not using the parachute ankle brace, smaller parachute canopies, simultaneous exits from both sides of an aircraft, higher heat index, winds from the rear of the aircraft on exit entanglements, less experience with a particular parachute system, being an enlisted soldier rather than an officer, and jumps involving a greater number of paratroopers.  We analyzed and summarized factors that increased the injury risk for soldiers during military static-line parachute operations. Understanding and considering these factors in risk evaluations may reduce the likelihood of injury during parachuting.

  3. Comparison of Five 2nd-Generation Supraglottic Airway Devices for Airway Management Performed by Novice Military Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas Henlin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Five different second-generation supraglottic airway devices, ProSeal LMA, Supreme LMA, i-gel, SLIPA, and Laryngeal Tube Suction-D, were studied. Operators were inexperienced users with a military background, combat lifesavers, nurses, and physicians. Methods. This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded study. Devices were inserted in the operating room in low light conditions after induction of general anesthesia. Primary outcome was successful insertion on the first attempt while secondary aims were insertion time, number of attempts, oropharyngeal seal pressure, ease of insertion, fibre optic position of device, efficacy of ventilation, and intraoperative trauma or regurgitation of gastric contents. Results. In total, 505 patients were studied. First-attempt insertion success rate was higher in the Supreme LMA (96%, i-gel (87.9%, and ProSeal LMA (85.9% groups than in the Laryngeal Tube Suction-D (80.6% and SLIPA (69.4% groups. Insertion time was shortest in the Supreme LMA (70.4 ± 32.5 s and i-gel (74.4 ± 41.1 s groups (p<0.001. Oropharyngeal seal pressures were higher in the Laryngeal Tube Suction-D and ProSeal LMA groups than in other three devices. Conclusions. Most study parameters for the Supreme LMA and i-gel were found to be superior to the other three tested supraglottic airway devices when inserted by novice military operators.

  4. [Current operative techniques and strategies in endocrine surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürtler, Thomas; Weber, Markus

    2011-06-01

    Technical advances and focusing on subsets modified endocrine surgery in the last ten years tremendously. There is on one side a clear trend towards minimal invasive approaches, first of all in the surgery of the adrenal glands, where the transperitoneal or retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become the gold standard for tumors up to a size of 10 cm in diameter. But also in pancreatic endocrine surgery for small tumors localized in the pancreas tail and up to a certain extend in thyroid and parathyroid surgery, laparoscopic or video assisted techniques are used. On the other side more precise techniques allow a more complete and radical removal of endocrine tissue, especially in thyroid surgery. This article presents a summary of current operative techniques and strategies in endocrine surgery.

  5. The general as statesman : exploring the professional need for commanders to support viable political outcomes in peace and stability operations as typified by the UK military approach

    OpenAIRE

    Lovelock, R

    2011-01-01

    The problem of theatre level politico-military arrangements during peace and stability operations is important because the intervening actors, working in complex and often ambiguous circumstances, need to calibrate the application of military and political means as a coherent interdependent whole. This is necessary in order to build peace, secure viable political outcomes and hence strategic successes; however it is not easy in practice. This thesis examines the hypothesis that, beyond their ...

  6. [Rift Valley fever: sporadic infection of French military personnel outside currently recognized epidemic zones].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durand, J P; Richecoeur, L; Peyrefitte, C; Boutin, J P; Davoust, B; Zeller, H; Bouloy, M; Tolou, H

    2002-01-01

    For three years the arbovirus surveillance unit of the Tropical Medicine Institute of the French Army Medical Corps (French acronym IMTSSA) in Marseille, France has been investigating causes of benign non-malarial febrile syndromes in French military personnel serving outside mainland France. The methodology used in N'Djamena consisted of sending frozen specimens collected concomitant with viremia, to Marseille for culture. During the rainy season of 2001, specimens were collected from a total of 50 febrile soldiers. Cultures allowed isolation and identification of two strains of Rift Valley virus. The risk of contamination exists not only in the field but also in mainland hospital departments treating infected patients. Routine serological diagnosis for Rift Valley fever must be DISCUSSED for all patients in the field or returning from Africa.

  7. Ignoring the Innocent: Non-combatants in Urban Operations and in Military Models and Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    of non- combatants. Increasing the number of non-combatants and introducing more realistic non-combatant behavior would add realism to military...discussed, Schelling (1978) uses ABM to _________________ 41 New Line Cinema , Lord of the Rings: the Two Towers Extended DVD, 2003. See the feature on...effectiveness of a certain weapon system may have a high degree of visual realism but still make for a poor model if there are significant oversights

  8. A Retrospective Inquiry into the Operation of Service Custom under the American Military General Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-23

    good order and military discipline are still further beyond the bounds of ordinary judicial judgment, for they are not measurable by our innate sense of...country club cloakroom); United States v. Carpenter, G.C.M.O. 121 (Navy 1897) ( homosexual acts by enlisted man with another sailor); United States v...brushed aside Hooper’s contention that since his homosexual liaisons occurred in private and were discrete, his conduct lacked the notoriety necessary to

  9. Guide to Rebuilding Governance in Stability Operations: A Role for the Military?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    of Peace, Special Report No. 107, July 2003. Heinemann-Gruder, Andreas , and Igor Grebenschikov. “Security Governance by Internationals: The Case of...Bowman. “Police Reform Programs: Links to Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Social Stability in Violent and Fragile States.” In Cornwallis XI: Analysis...In Cornwallis XI: Analysis for Civil-Military Transitions, David Davis, Alexander Woodcock, and George Rose, eds., Clementsport, Nova Scotia

  10. Operational Applications of Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise as a Treatment for Airsickness in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebreyesus, Fiyore; Cowings, Patricia S.; Toscano, William B.

    2012-01-01

    Airsickness is experienced by about 50% of military aviators some time in their career. Aviators who suffer from recurrent episodes of airsickness are typically referred to the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute (NAMI) at Pensacola where they undergo extensive evaluation and 8 weeks of training in the Self-Paced Airsickness Desensitization (SPAD) program. Researchers at NASA Ames have developed an alternative mitigation training program, Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise (AFTE) that has demonstrated an 80% success rate for improving motion sickness tolerance.

  11. Electronic Warfare: Rethinking the Importance of Its Role In Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    EW mindset changes. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Electronic Warfare, Vulnerability, Military, Threat , Technology, Technological 16. SECURITY...Signature: Kevin nernen, C USAF Corn i e Signatu P er e, , C Directo JointA ancedWarfighting Signature: 10 June 2016 Thesis Advisor: Approved by: School...Electronic warfare support actions taken to identify, locate sources of energy emitted by enemy systems for the purpose of providing threat warning

  12. Operational Rations Current and Future of the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-01

    the rate of 1/72 of a dollar; 1 half pint of rice or one pint of Indian meal, per man per day; 1 quart of spruce beer or cider per man per day, or 9...finished product . New technologies have been brought to bear on foods for military use — for example, freeze-dehydration, reversible compression, and heat...development is a new family of Tray Pack products , heat-processed in rectangular, half-size steam table, multiserving metal cans. They require only heating

  13. Transforming America’s Military: Integrating Unconventional Ground Forces into Combat Air Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    the Vietnam War, Operation Desert One (the failed Iranian hostage rescue attempt), and Operation Urgent Fury (the disjointed Grenada operation) was...airpower could have in the upcoming operation to liberate Kuwait. The former commander of JSOC , Army General (Ret.) Wayne Downing, believed that “no...Operations Air Component Commander JSOC —Joint Special Operations Command JSOTF—Joint Special Operations Task Force 22 JSTARS—Joint Surveillance Target

  14. A Look Down the Slippery Slope: Domestic Operations, Outsourcing, and the Erosion of Military Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    First off, I have to say that when I was a student here in 2006, I didn’t dream that I would have the job that I have now … or that such a job would... dreamed of the need for such an office. Back in 2006, our military establishment was focused on “Transformation” of the Department of Defense1 with an...most experienced soldiers and airmen.”104 To be frank, we found ourselves in a surreal situation; we had “contracted out” certain functions

  15. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  16. Public transportation 1995: Current research in operations. Transportation research record

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    ;Contents: Metromover Extensions and Downtown Bus Service in Miami; Electric Bus Operation and Evaluation in California; Assessment of Alternative Structures for Privately Operated Bus Systems; Bus Priority at Traffic Signals in Portland: The Powell Boulevard Pilot Project; Transit Vehicle-Type Scheduling Problem; Optimal Mixed Bus Fleet for Urban Operations; Operational Characteristics of Paratransit in Developing Countries of Asia; Economics of Electric Trolley Coach Operation; Evaluation of Visual Impacts of Trolleybus Overhead Caternary System Intersections; Electric and Magnetic Fields and Electric Transit Systems; Diverting Automobile Users to Transit: Early Lessons from the Chicago Transit Authority`s Orange Line; Street-Running Rail Transit: A Historical Perspective; Diesel or Electric Power for Commuter Rail; It Depends; Generic Objectives for Evaluation of Intermodal Passenger Transfer Facilities; Airport Ground Access: Rail Transit Alternatives; Retrofit Techniques for Floating Slab Track; Calgary Light Rail Transit Surface Operations and Grade-Level Crossings; and Cost of Light Rail Collision Accidents.

  17. Current Electric Distribution Network Operation and Grid Tariffs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wu, Qiuwei

    2012-01-01

    The aim of EcoGridEU task 1.4 is to extend the real‐time price approach with an integrated optimization of the distribution system operation. This will be achieved by extending the basic real‐time market concept with local location‐dependant prices that reflect the grid operation, especially...

  18. Design and Implementation of Multi Agentbased Information Fusion System for Decision Making Support (A Case Study on Military Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arwin Datunaya Wahyudi Sumari

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Quick, accurate, and complete information is highly required for supporting strategically impact decision making in a Military Operation (MO in order to reduce the decision cycle and to minimize the loss. For that purpose, we propose, design and implement a hierarchical Multi Agentbased Information Fusion System for Decision Making Support (MAIFSDMS. The information fusion is implemented by applying Maximum Score of the Total Sum of Joint Probabilities (MSJP fusion method and is done by a collection of Information Fusion Agents (IFA that forms a multiagent system. MAIFS uses a combination of generalization of Dasarathy and Joint Director’s Laboratory (JDL process models for information fusion mechanism. Information fusion products that are displayed in graphical forms provide comprehensive information regarding the MO’s area dynamics. By observing the graphics resulted from the information fusion, the commandant will have situational awareness and knowledge in order to make the most accurate strategic de cision as fast as possible.

  19. The Marine Corps Civil Military Operations (CMO) Capability: Inadequate for Current and Future Irregular Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    training, used it to navigate their way through uncertain conditions. For example, in Iraq in May, 2003, the commander of the First B attal iot ~, 𔄁Lh...again the struggle for survival of the Marine Corps as an autonomous branch ’ of the armed services will rear its Llgly head. The Marine Corps is...compete with such traditional budget buste1:s as fighter aircraft and amphibious assault vehicles . But then the CMO challenge is more of an intellectual

  20. [Cell engineering in nephrology: The current state and prospectives from the point of view of military medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bel'skih, A N; Golota, A S; Krassii, A B; Nagibovich, O A

    2015-09-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of cell engineering in nephrology from the point of view of military medicine. The review is based on publications from January 1, 2014, to June 1, 2015, and consists of two parts. In the first part the main directions of the cell engineering development are mentioned. The only two clinical trials existed in the field are discussed in more detail. The second part deals with prospectives of cell engineering in nephrology. It is shown that currently this field is in the stage of preclinical experimentation. Of the two known clinical trials the first has failed to demonstrate any effectiveness of cell engineering, the second--will be completed only at the end of 2016. Also, the review notes an extraordinary cost of cell engineering experiments in nephrology. The analysis of publications allows to come to a conclusion that the future progress in prevention and treatment of acute kidney injury could go not in the direction of cell engineering but rather non-cell technologies. One of. the practical consequence of such a conclusion is a necessity to continue the improvement of already existing methods of machine renal replacement therapy.

  1. 国内外军事物流现状与发展研究%Current Situation and Development of Military Logistics at Home and Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大鹏; 李良春

    2014-01-01

    我军军事物流起步晚,现有军事物流与国外发达国家相比,在各环节都有明显差距。目的:为寻找我军军事物流短板,制定发展对策;方法:本文结合我国地形、周边战争局势等因素,对我国军事物流现状进行了分析,并深入研究了美俄两国先进的军事物流模式;结果:针对国外发展经验提出了我国军事物流发展思路;结论:该研究为发展我国军事物流技术提供了有价值的参考。%For military logistics starting lately in China, there were obvious gaps between existing military logistics in China and developed countries in all aspects. According to the factors of terrain and war situation in surroundings, current situation of Chinese military logistics was analyzed. Meanwhile, military logistics patterns in U.S. and Russia were researched. At last, the developing strategies were proposed based on developed experiences abroad, which may improve the support to our military logistics technologies development.

  2. Optimizing fitness for duty and post-combat clinical services for military personnel and combat veterans with ADHD—a systematic review of the current literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iliyan Ivanov

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Attention deficit hyper activity disorder (ADHD is a developmental disorder, most often diagnosed in childhood, and characterized by hyperactivity and inattention that negatively impacts one's ability to function and fulfill social and personal obligations. Individuals with past history of ADHD may enlist in the military under certain conditions, however the full impact of military training and deployment of later in life ADHD symptoms is unclear. It is of particular interest how military experience may affect ADHD in remission and if such individuals might be at elevated risk for relapse of ADHD symptoms. Method: We performed a systematic review f the available literature including the Department of Defense (DOD guidelines for both eligibility to enlist and fitness for deployment based on reported history and current symptomatology of ADHD. Results: The after care for veterans with ADHD relapse is inconsistent and presents with number of challenges. We evaluate the DOD policies regarding the implications of ADHD for fitness for military service and post-combat mental health. Conclusion: The full extend of the interaction between pre-existing ADHD and post-combat PTSD are not fully understood. The development of comprehensive and clear algorithms for diagnosing and treating ADHD in the military before and after deployment will have a strong positive impact on the quality of care delivered to soldiers and veterans.

  3. Electrochemical Characterization of PEMECs Operating at Various Current Densities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsøe, Katrine; G.-Madsen, Laila; Scherer, Guenther G.;

    2016-01-01

    This conference contribution touches upon electrochemical characterization of operating polymer electrolyte membrane electrolysis cells (PEMECs) by the application of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Analysis of differences in impedance spectra (ADIS) (Jensen et al., 2007) can...

  4. Risk Adjusted Valuation of the Current Military Retirement and the CY2018 Retirement System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    personal discount rate and career retention curves. The results of this analysis suggest that the blended retirement system is the best choice for...perspective based on generalized data that facilitates a baseline course of action and creates discussion for a very personal choice . 44 Financial...U.S. military’s choice to transition to the blended retirement system in 2018. All service members will be grandfathered into the current system but

  5. Millimeter wave case study of operational deployments: retail, airport, military, courthouse, and customs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tryon, Gary V.

    2008-04-01

    In the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on America, our security and defense industry was instantly tasked with delivering technologies that could be used to help prevent future terrorist activities. The general public world wide is asking for solutions that will foster a safe society and travel environment. Our best defenses rest in our talents within a free open society to prevent dangerous individuals from boarding planes, entering buildings, courthouses, transportations hubs and military bases with weapons capable of causing damage and bodily harm in the first place. Passive millimeter wave (PMMW) whole body imaging systems are based upon the principle that every physical entity emits, reflects, and/or absorbs electromagnetic energy. The term "passive" means that this approach does not bombard the test subject with energy radiation to further induce the discovery of hidden objects. PMMW whole body imaging systems focus on the human body's natural emission and reflection of millimeter wavelength energy. In physics, "millimeter waves" (MMW) are defined as extremely high-frequency (30-300 GHz) electromagnetic oscillations. On the electromagnetic spectrum these waves are just larger than infrared waves, but smaller than radio waves. The wavelength of a MMW is between 1 millimeter and 10 millimeters. That is approximately the thickness of a large paperclip up to the diameter of an "AAA" battery.

  6. Sustaining Military Operations in the Arctic -- The U.S. Cannot do it Alone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    islands, and the airspace above in order to achieve a desired end state.” Walter Berbrick, Christopher Gray, Leif Bergey , Fleet Arctic Operations Game...Berbrick, Walter, Christopher Gray, Leif Bergey . Fleet Arctic Operations Game Report 2011. Naval War College War Gaming Department, Newport, RI

  7. An Investigation of Network Enterprise Risk Management Techniques to Support Military Net-Centric Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    Entreprise Risk Management .........................................116 B. RECOMMENDATIONS OF AREAS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH ..117 APPENDIX A...enterprise, can come from external or internal sources and can be directed at multiple objectives such as finance , people, processes, and operational...of managing risk is essentially the same for safety, finances , or operations. How it is applied depends in large part on the application.. Figure

  8. An Analysis of Current Operational Contract Support Planning Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    analysis of doctrine and planning assets . The activities include interviews with various contracting and logistics professionals. F. RESEARCH...doctrine typically neglects the tangible and intangible capabilities that using OCS in missions brings to the operational and combatant commander. While... measuring the maturity of a process in practice within an organization through the issuing of surveys and measuring the responses. The model used

  9. Environmental Assessment for Ongoing and Future Operations at U.S. Navy Dabob Bay and Hood Canal Military Operating Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    OMP Operations Management Plan OSHA Occupation Safety and Health Administration P.L. Public Law PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PHS...phaeopigment, and fecal coliform bacteria . Under the Water Quality Standards for Surface Waters of the State of Washington (WAC Chapter 173-201A), the...non toxic) concentrations is biodegradable by almost all organisms (PSEP 1991). A study of potential torpedo exhaust gas impacts to water quality

  10. Moral and Ethical Dilemmas in Canadian Forces Military Operation: Qualitative and Descriptive Analyses of Commanders’ Operational Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    retraite et huit en service actif), soit 13 de la Force terrestre et deux de la Force maritime. Pour recruter les participants, nous avons fait appel à...original interview study potential participants were approached via telephone call and a subsequent introductory letter that outlined the aims of the...applied to the full set of operational accounts. Average inter-rater reliability for the complete set of transcripts, calculated via the Cohen’s kappa

  11. Nutrition Science and Food Standards for Military Operations (Nutrition et normes d’alimentation pour les operations militaires)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Ration (USA) g Grams GBR United Kingdom GEO Georgia GMO Genetically Modified Organisms GP General Purpose HFM Human Factors and Medicine...Collateral Issues) should capture and raise issues beyond the mandate of the RTG (e.g. Genetically Modified Organisms ( GMO ), status of STANAG...ensured; compts analysed (ISO 17025); GMO , artifi color/aromas forbidden Table E-2: RTG-154 NATO/PfP General Purpose Ration: Functional/Operational

  12. Effect of operating current dependent series resistance on the fill factor of a solar cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dadu, Meena; Kapoor, A.; Tripathi, K.N. [Department of Electronic Science, University of Delhi, South Campus, Benito Juarez road, -110 021 New Delhi (India)

    2002-02-01

    The fill factor of a solar cell depends upon the series resistance, reverse saturation current, diode quality factor, operating current and voltage. Since the series resistance itself depends upon the operating current (or voltage), it makes the evaluation of fill factor very complicated. In this paper, we have evaluated the fill factor of a solar cell, taking into account operating current dependence of the series resistance.

  13. Tool for Military Logistics Planning of Peace Support Operations: The OTAS Planning Tool

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merrienboer, S.A. van

    1998-01-01

    Within the research group Operations Research Studies Army of the TNO Physics and Electronics Laboratory the OTAS planning tool is developed for the Royal Netherlands Armed Forces. This paper gives a general and brief description of the tool.

  14. Applying Influence Diagrams to Support Collective C2 in Multinational Civil-Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    raised in the multinational CIMIC concepts, doctrine and lessons summarised in Appendices A to C are: • A coherent operational approach. A key...several members of the multinational force (such as intelligence gathering by talking with locals) but others may be conducted by one of the coalition...are summarised in the paper  UK  US  Canada  Netherlands Australian Army 2009, Adaptive Campaigning 09: Army’s Future Land Operating Concept

  15. The effect of current military maintenance practices and regulations on the implementation of Integrated Vehicle Health Management technology

    OpenAIRE

    Esperon Miguez, Manuel; John, Philip; Ian K. Jennions

    2012-01-01

    Health monitoring tools can be used to diagnose failures and estimate the remaining useful life of certain components, generating information that can be used to improve the management of logistics and maintenance activities in what is known as Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM). The work presented here analyzes the effect of military practices and regulations on the benefits that can be expected from installing health monitoring tools on military aircraft. The findings on the impact...

  16. Coup d’Oeil: Military Geography and the Operational Level of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-16

    templates becI-e the tool by which the omander and staff co-ktuct a warg•ming process to evaluate possible friendly ourse of action. 7he wargafing process...1747. trans. Brig Gen. Thomas R. Phillips. Roots of Strategy vol 1. (Harrisburg, PA., Stackpole Books, 1985), p. 338. 5. David G. Chandler, ne’ Capigns...Washington, D.C., GFO, 1990), p. 6. 12. David Jablonsky, "Strategy and the Operational Level of War." The Operational Art of Warfare Across the

  17. The Bulletin of Military Operations Research. PHALANX. Volume 31, Number 4. December 1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-01

    President NATALIE S. ADDISON TOM FRAZIER VPfor Administration GREG WALLICK JIM LOWE Printed On Recycled Paper The PHALANX (ISSN 0195-1920) is...Executive award, Operations, HQ USAF, delivered an Kimball ," PHALANX, September, and three Department of the Army Excep- address on Analysis Lessons

  18. A Simulation Dashboard to Monitor Cognitive Workload during Dismounted Military Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beurden, M. van; Streefkerk, J.W.; Kamphuis, W.; Jetten, A.; Trijp, S. van; Venrooij, W.; Veldhuijs, G.

    2016-01-01

    The rapid development and adoption of new technologies (i.e. advanced sensor and communication platforms and monitoring devices) changes the way soldiers operate in the field. A concern frequently expressed by soldiers and commanders, is the increasing demand that technology places on the cognitive

  19. The Bulletin of Military Operations Research, PHALANX, Vol. 31, No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    Tutorials Monday, 22 June, 1300-1700 NPS, Glasgow Hall Ready Fire Aim - Operations Research in Spreadsheet Dr. Sam L. Savage, Dept of Engineering...solutions for some old problems and in tackling problems of a new kind. Definition As used here, the term "unit cost escala - tion" refers to the

  20. The PLA at Home and Abroad: Assessing the Operational Capabilities of China’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    cooperation, and nonwar mili- tary operations were not all missions freshly minted by Hu Jintao. China’s contributions to UNPKO had been increasing in...and windows and setting fires (quickly ex- tinguished) after the developer of the “European Garden ” real estate development project tore up their

  1. Evaluation of Georgian military co-operation with partner countries and institutions / George Manjgaladze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Manjgaladze, George

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne Gruusia sõjalis-poliitilisest koostööst välisriikide relvajõudude ja rahvusvaheliste organisatsioonidega, sh NATO-ga 22.-23. septembrini 2003 Vilniuses toimunud seminaril "South Caucasus: making the best use of external assistance for stability building and for co-operation with NATO"

  2. Evaluation of Georgian military co-operation with partner countries and institutions / George Manjgaladze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Manjgaladze, George

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne Gruusia sõjalis-poliitilisest koostööst välisriikide relvajõudude ja rahvusvaheliste organisatsioonidega, sh NATO-ga 22.-23. septembrini 2003 Vilniuses toimunud seminaril "South Caucasus: making the best use of external assistance for stability building and for co-operation with NATO"

  3. Development of medical engagement training toolkits to support special operations military assistance programs in austere environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boedeker, Ben H; Boedeker, David; Tate, Charmaine

    2012-01-01

    The Medical Seminar (MEDSEM) is a medical operation that shares culturally appropriate medical information with a defined indigenous population based upon a "train the trainer" concept. This work describes the development of a hand washing training toolkit designed to support a MEDSEM action in Afghanistan.

  4. Grassland and shrubland birds of Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site: Current status and management recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterjohn, Bruce G.

    2007-01-01

    Gettysburg National Military Park (NMP) and Eisenhower National Historic Site (NHS) were surveyed for grassland birds during the 2005 breeding season. These parks currently maintain a total of approximately 1,220 ha (3,015 ac) of grassland habitats within a mosaic of cultivated fields and woodlands. The grasslands are hayfields managed through agricultural leases and fields maintained by the National Park Service (NPS). Most grasslands are composed of introduced cool-season grasses, but Gettysburg NMP maintains a few fields dominated by switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) and is creating additional warm-season grasslands. Hayfields managed through agricultural leases support few grassland birds. The most numerous grassland bird communities are found between Seminary and Cemetery ridges in fields managed by the NPS. The parks discourage hay harvesting before July in all fields in an effort to improve the reproductive success of grassland birds.Shrub-dominated habitats were scarce in both parks. A few areas that were harvested recently for timber supported early successional communities in Gettysburg NMP. Other shrublands were limited to narrow corridors (sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum) were locally distributed in Conservation Reserve Program fields and other grasslands with more open vegetation. Savannah sparrows (Passervulus sandwichensis) were limited to one disturbed area undergoing conversion to warm-season grasses. When compared with other cultural parks in this region, the Gettysburg-Eisenhower complex supports a relatively abundant grassland bird community. This community is restricted to a portion of existing grassland habitats, but the potential exists to support a more diverse and abundant grassland avifauna.The following recommendations provide the most immediate benefits for breeding grassland birds in these parks under the current habitat conditions and management strategies. These recommendations are based on the assumption that the current policy of

  5. Cardiovascular and thermal strain during 3-4 days of a metabolically demanding cold-weather military operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellani, John W; Spitz, Marissa G; Karis, Anthony J; Martini, Svein; Young, Andrew J; Margolis, Lee M; Phillip Karl, J; Murphy, Nancy E; Xu, Xiaojiang; Montain, Scott J; Bohn, Jamie A; Teien, Hilde K; Stenberg, Pål H; Gundersen, Yngvar; Pasiakos, Stefan M

    2017-01-01

    Cardiovascular (CV) and thermal responses to metabolically demanding multi-day military operations in extreme cold-weather environments are not well described. Characterization of these operations will provide greater insights into possible performance capabilities and cold injury risk. Soldiers from two cold-weather field training exercises (FTX) were studied during 3-day (study 1, n = 18, age: 20 ± 1 year, height: 182 ± 7 cm, mass: 82 ± 9 kg) and 4-day (study 2, n = 10, age: 20 ± 1 year, height: 182 ± 6 cm, mass: 80.7 ± 8.3 kg) ski marches in the Arctic. Ambient temperature ranged from -18 to -4 °C during both studies. Total daily energy expenditure (TDEE, from doubly labeled water), heart rate (HR), deep body (Tpill), and torso (Ttorso) skin temperature (obtained in studies 1 and 2) as well as finger (Tfing), toe (Ttoe), wrist, and calf temperatures (study 2) were measured. TDEE was 6821 ± 578 kcal day(-1) and 6394 ± 544 for study 1 and study 2, respectively. Mean HR ranged from 120 to 140 bpm and mean Tpill ranged between 37.5 and 38.0 °C during skiing in both studies. At rest, mean Tpill ranged from 36.0 to 36.5 °C, (lowest value recorded was 35.5 °C). Mean Tfing ranged from 32 to 35 °C during exercise and dropped to 15 °C during rest, with some Tfing values as low as 6-10 °C. Ttoe was above 30 °C during skiing but dropped to 15-20 °C during rest. Daily energy expenditures were among the highest observed for a military training exercise, with moderate exercise intensity levels (~65% age-predicted maximal HR) observed. The short-term cold-weather training did not elicit high CV and Tpill strain. Tfing and Ttoe were also well maintained while skiing, but decreased to values associated with thermal discomfort at rest.

  6. Tumescent mastectomy: the current indications and operative tips and tricks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khater A

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Ashraf Khater,1 Alaa Mazy,2 Mona Gad,2 Ola Taha Abd Eldayem,2 Mohamed Hegazy1 1Department of Surgical Oncology, Mansoura Oncology Center (OCMU, 2Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care Department, Mansoura University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt Background: Tumescent mastectomy refers to usage of a mixture of lidocaine and epinephrine in a diluting saline solution that makes flaps firm and tense, thus minimizing systemic drugs toxicity and making surgery possible with minimal bleeding. This technique is very useful in elder women and those with American Society of Anesthesiologists; score III and IV. The objective was to establish an alternative safe technique to general anesthesia in some selected mastectomy patients.Patients and methods: Twenty candidate women for total mastectomy and axillary dissection were enrolled and consented to participate. After preparation, an anatomically directed infiltration was made under sedation, using a cocktail of lidocaine, bupivacaine, and epinephrine, followed after 20 minutes by the surgical incision and completion of mastectomy. All intraoperative and postoperative outcomes were recorded.Results: Although 7 cases required added analgesic medications, no conversion for general anesthesia was recorded. Mean operative time was 81±15.8 minutes. Mean blood loss was 95.8±47.5 mL. There was no recorded intraoperative hemodynamic instability. Postoperative visual analog score was not exceeding 4 till the end of the first 24 hours. Opioids were not required in any case, and the mean dosage of Ketorolac used was 30±8.75 mg. Drains output and the incidence of postoperative complications were acceptable.Conclusion: We can consider tumescent mastectomy in well-selected patients a safe alternative for performing mastectomy when general anesthesia is hazardous, with minimal blood loss and long lasting postoperative analgesia without an additive effect on the operative time

  7. Tumescent mastectomy: the current indications and operative tips and tricks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khater, Ashraf; Mazy, Alaa; Gad, Mona; Taha Abd Eldayem, Ola; Hegazy, Mohamed

    2017-01-01

    Background Tumescent mastectomy refers to usage of a mixture of lidocaine and epinephrine in a diluting saline solution that makes flaps firm and tense, thus minimizing systemic drugs toxicity and making surgery possible with minimal bleeding. This technique is very useful in elder women and those with American Society of Anesthesiologists; score III and IV. The objective was to establish an alternative safe technique to general anesthesia in some selected mastectomy patients. Patients and methods Twenty candidate women for total mastectomy and axillary dissection were enrolled and consented to participate. After preparation, an anatomically directed infiltration was made under sedation, using a cocktail of lidocaine, bupivacaine, and epinephrine, followed after 20 minutes by the surgical incision and completion of mastectomy. All intraoperative and postoperative outcomes were recorded. Results Although 7 cases required added analgesic medications, no conversion for general anesthesia was recorded. Mean operative time was 81±15.8 minutes. Mean blood loss was 95.8±47.5 mL. There was no recorded intraoperative hemodynamic instability. Postoperative visual analog score was not exceeding 4 till the end of the first 24 hours. Opioids were not required in any case, and the mean dosage of Ketorolac used was 30±8.75 mg. Drains output and the incidence of postoperative complications were acceptable. Conclusion We can consider tumescent mastectomy in well-selected patients a safe alternative for performing mastectomy when general anesthesia is hazardous, with minimal blood loss and long lasting postoperative analgesia without an additive effect on the operative time, hospital stay, and intraoperative and postoperative complications. PMID:28408853

  8. 赛博作战对军事通信未来发展的影响%The impacts of cyber operation on future development of military communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆建勋

    2012-01-01

    The theory and practice of cyberspace and cyber operation develop rapidly in the US military nowadays, which brings tremendous challenge to the development of information system and military communication in the future. In this paper, the developing trend of cyber operation in the US military is introduced firstly; then, the impacts on the development of military communication is discussed; finally, some conception on the development of future communication is proposed.%美军赛博空间与赛博战理论及实践正在迅速发展,对未来信息系统与军事通信的发展带来巨大挑战.本文首先介绍了美军赛博战的发展动态,然后论述了对军事通信发展带来的影响,最后对未来通信的发展提出几点设想.

  9. Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    to design operations and campaigns around the coercion-deterrence dynamic, which is, around either coercing or deterring rival powers, or some...agreements to weaken, or nullify, our rivals’ ability to resist—all with the aim of fur- thering the designs of grand strategy. Such positioning takes...surveillance conducted by remotely piloted aerial vehicles (usu- ally referred to as UAVs or drones ), which can also be armed with air-to-surface

  10. Seizing the Digital High Ground: Military Operations and Politics in the Social Media Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-13

    certainly be traced to the standard sources: weak governance, low economic opportunity, corruption , income inequality , human rights violations, and...Politics in the Social Media Era 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR Lt Col Andrew Ridland, British Army 5d...of social media, is changing how society operates. Confidentiality is being replaced by openness; information that was hitherto the preserve of a few

  11. Force of No Choice: The Role of the Military in Interagency Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-19

    operatio/ (accessed August 26, 2007). Original phrase is attributable to Thomas Hobbes ’ Leviathan , 1651. It refers to the life of mankind when in its...sovereignty. This analysis finds common ground in academic writings. In his book The Lexus and the Olive Tree, Thomas Friedman defines globalization...21 Australian Army, Complex Warfighting: The Future Land Operational Concept, 2-3. 22 Thomas Friedman, The Lexus and the

  12. Arab Public Opinion and NATO after the International Military Operations in Libya

    OpenAIRE

    Saddiki, Said

    2012-01-01

    Although, NATO has always taken into account public opinion in its member states, the emergence of new Information and Communication Technologies and the extension of its out-of- area operations have given NATO a new impetus to extend the space of communication beyond the Alliance countries.With regard to the NATO's partnership with Arab countries, the Arab spring uprisings have created a new political atmosphere in which many signs of a positive perception of NATO and its members states...

  13. Band of Brothers or Dysfunctional Family? A Military Perspective on Coalition Challenges During Stability Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    chief of defense of the second-largest contributor to OAF [Operation Allied Freedom], France, General [ Jean -Pierre] Kelche, later said that he had...Jennifer D. P., Nancy E. Blacker, Renee Buhr, James McFadden, Cathryn Quantic Thurston, and Anny Wong, Building Partner Capabilities for Coalition...Terrorism, Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, 2002. Pigeon, Luc , “Lessons Learned: Coalition,” email to

  14. Installation and Operation of the SNO Neutral Current Detector Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    SNO Collaboration; McGee, S.; Rielage, K.

    2005-06-01

    An array of low background detectors designed to capture neutrons liberated by interactions with solar neutrinos was recently installed in the heavy water region of the SNO experiment. The neutral current detector (NCD) array consists of 36 proportional counters filled with 3He-CF4 gas and 4 proportional counters filled with 4He-CF4. Special hardware conforming to the high radiopurity requirements in SNO was used to assemble and deploy these counters. Neutron events detected by the NCD array are distinguished from various types of backgrounds on an event-by-event basis using the NCD data acquisition system (NCDDAQ), which employs a mixture of commercial and custom-built electronics equipment. The NCDDAQ is controlled by a custom-built Object-oriented Realtime Control and Acquisition (ORCA) software program, and is fully integrated into the SNO PMT data acquisition system to provide shared trigger information and a combined data stream.

  15. Installation and Operation of the SNO Neutral Current Detector Array

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heise, J. [Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, 87545 (United States); McGee, S. [Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, and Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195 (United States); Rielage, K. [Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, and Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195 (United States)

    2005-06-15

    An array of low background detectors designed to capture neutrons liberated by interactions with solar neutrinos was recently installed in the heavy water region of the SNO experiment. The neutral current detector (NCD) array consists of 36 proportional counters filled with {sup 3}He-CF{sub 4} gas and 4 proportional counters filled with {sup 4}He-CF{sub 4}. Special hardware conforming to the high radiopurity requirements in SNO was used to assemble and deploy these counters. Neutron events detected by the NCD array are distinguished from various types of backgrounds on an event-by-event basis using the NCD data acquisition system (NCDDAQ), which employs a mixture of commercial and custom-built electronics equipment. The NCDDAQ is controlled by a custom-built Object-oriented Realtime Control and Acquisition (ORCA) software program, and is fully integrated into the SNO PMT data acquisition system to provide shared trigger information and a combined data stream.

  16. Operational advances in ring current modeling using RAM-SCB

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Welling, Daniel T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jordanova, Vania K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zaharia, Sorin G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morley, Steven K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-12-03

    The Ring current Atmosphere interaction Model with Self-Consistently calculated 3D Magnetic field (RAM-SCB) combines a kinetic model of the ring current with a force-balanced model of the magnetospheric magnetic field to create an inner magnetospheric model that is magnetically self consistent. RAM-SCB produces a wealth of outputs that are valuable to space weather applications. For example, the anisotropic particle distribution of the KeV-energy population calculated by the code is key for predicting surface charging on spacecraft. Furthermore, radiation belt codes stand to benefit substantially from RAM-SCB calculated magnetic field values and plasma wave growth rates - both important for determining the evolution of relativistic electron populations. RAM-SCB is undergoing development to bring these benefits to the space weather community. Data-model validation efforts are underway to assess the performance of the system. 'Virtual Satellite' capability has been added to yield satellite-specific particle distribution and magnetic field output. The code's outer boundary is being expanded to 10 Earth Radii to encompass previously neglected geosynchronous orbits and allow the code to be driven completely by either empirical or first-principles based inputs. These advances are culminating towards a new, real-time version of the code, rtRAM-SCB, that can monitor the inner magnetosphere conditions on both a global and spacecraft-specific level. This paper summarizes these new features as well as the benefits they provide the space weather community.

  17. [Evoked potentials in intracranial operations: current status and our experiences].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nau, H E; Hess, W; Pohlen, G; Marggraf, G; Rimpel, J

    1987-03-01

    Intraoperative neuromonitoring, especially evoked potential monitoring, has gained interest in recent years for both the anesthesiologist evaluating cerebral function and the neurosurgeon wishing to avoid neuronal lesions during intracranial operations. Before evoked potential monitoring can be introduced as a routine method of intraoperative management, experience with this method particularly in intensive care units, is imperative. We recorded evoked potentials with the Compact Four (Nicolet) and Basis 8000 (Schwarzer Picker International) computer systems. Preoperative derivations should be done with the same apparatus used intraoperatively and parameters of peri- and intraoperative derivations should not be changed. The patient's head must be fixed in a Mayfield clamp in order to avoid artefacts during trepanation. The possible artefacts due to apparatus, patient, or anesthesia are summarized in the tables. The derivations of evoked potentials should be supervised by a person who is not involved in the anesthesia or the surgical procedure; this condition may change in the future with full automatization of the recording technique and alarms. Good communication between surgeon, anesthesiologist, and neurophysiological assistant is a prerequisite. The modality is chosen in accordance with the affected neuronal system: visual-evoked potential (VEP) monitoring in the management of processes affecting the visual pathway, brain stem auditory-(BAER) and somatosensory-evoked potential (SSEP) monitoring in lesions affecting these pathways, in particular space-occupying lesions of the posterior fossa. VEP monitoring may be useful, but we observed alterations of the responses without changes in the level of anesthesia or manipulation of the visual pathways. In space-occupying processes of the cerebellopontine angle, BAER could not be developed in nearly all cases because the large underlying tumor had caused the disappearance of waves II-V. In these cases SSEP monitoring

  18. Edge Currents and Vertex Operators for Chern-Simons Gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Bimonte, G; Stern, A

    1993-01-01

    We apply elementary canonical methods for the quantization of 2+1 dimensional gravity, where the dynamics is given by E. Witten's $ISO(2,1)$ Chern-Simons action. As in a previous work, our approach does not involve choice of gauge or clever manipulations of functional integrals. Instead, we just require the Gauss law constraint for gravity to be first class and also to be everywhere differentiable. When the spatial slice is a disc, the gravitational fields can either be unconstrained or constrained at the boundary of the disc. The unconstrained fields correspond to edge currents which carry a representation of the $ISO(2,1)$ Kac-Moody algebra. Unitary representations for such an algebra have been found using the method of induced representations. In the case of constrained fields, we can classify all possible boundary conditions. For several different boundary conditions, the field content of the theory reduces precisely to that of 1+1 dimensional gravity theories. We extend the above formalism to include sou...

  19. Proceedings of Military Operations Research Symposia (Index) Volume 3. 31st through 40th inclusive

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-01

    aid- ing in tactical operations, 38-280 Erler Robert J! (with GD talushynsky and llV Wilson), Point defense requirements model: methodology and Frieder...CONUS eir defense. 34-34 pote Address. 33rd MiORS). 3f3-3 lialushynsky George D (with RII Erler and IJY Wilson). loltrv A (with C Andersen and R...301 40-188 i °A Washburn Allen R, Some thoughts on the changing Wilson Harold V (with RH Erler and ui Halushynsky), environment for cost-effectiveness

  20. Zeros and poles of quantum current operators and the condition of quantum integrability

    CERN Document Server

    Ding, J; Ding, Jintai; Miwa, Tetsuji

    1996-01-01

    For the current realization of the affine quantum groups, a simple comultiplication for the quantum current operators was given by Drinfeld. With this comultiplication, we study the zeros and poles of the quantum current operators and present a condition of integrability on the quantum current of $U_q\\left(\\hat{\\frak sl}(2)\\right)$, which is a deformation of the corresponding condition for $\\hat{\\frak sl}(2)$.

  1. A PERSPECTIVE ON MILITARY MEDICAL SERVICE ROLE IN STABILIZATION OPERATIONS: EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE MEDICAL SERVICE CAPABILITIES INMEDICAL DIPLOMACY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    freedom to conduct their operations. Yet in asymmetric warfare, civilian health workers will be restricted and therefore require more constant...active International Health Specialist Program which provides the organizational structure needed to meet the currently outlined mission required for...Fulfillment of the Graduation Requirements Advisor: Dr. Stephen F. Burgess Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama April 6, 2017 DISTRIBUTION A

  2. Spectral imaging applications: Remote sensing, environmental monitoring, medicine, military operations, factory automation and manufacturing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gat, N.; Subramanian, S. [Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (United States); Barhen, J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Toomarian, N. [Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, CA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    This paper reviews the activities at OKSI related to imaging spectroscopy presenting current and future applications of the technology. The authors discuss the development of several systems including hardware, signal processing, data classification algorithms and benchmarking techniques to determine algorithm performance. Signal processing for each application is tailored by incorporating the phenomenology appropriate to the process, into the algorithms. Pixel signatures are classified using techniques such as principal component analyses, generalized eigenvalue analysis and novel very fast neural network methods. The major hyperspectral imaging systems developed at OKSI include the Intelligent Missile Seeker (IMS) demonstration project for real-time target/decoy discrimination, and the Thermal InfraRed Imaging Spectrometer (TIRIS) for detection and tracking of toxic plumes and gases. In addition, systems for applications in medical photodiagnosis, manufacturing technology, and for crop monitoring are also under development.

  3. Spectral imaging applications: Remote sensing, environmental monitoring, medicine, military operations, factory automation and manufacturing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gat, N.; Subramanian, S.; Barhen, J.; Toomarian, N.

    1996-01-01

    This paper reviews the activities at OKSI related to imaging spectroscopy presenting current and future applications of the technology. The authors discuss the development of several systems including hardware, signal processing, data classification algorithms and benchmarking techniques to determine algorithm performance. Signal processing for each application is tailored by incorporating the phenomenology appropriate to the process, into the algorithms. Pixel signatures are classified using techniques such as principal component analyses, generalized eigenvalue analysis and novel very fast neural network methods. The major hyperspectral imaging systems developed at OKSI include the Intelligent Missile Seeker (IMS) demonstration project for real-time target/decoy discrimination, and the Thermal InfraRed Imaging Spectrometer (TIRIS) for detection and tracking of toxic plumes and gases. In addition, systems for applications in medical photodiagnosis, manufacturing technology, and for crop monitoring are also under development.

  4. Triage in military settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falzone, E; Pasquier, P; Hoffmann, C; Barbier, O; Boutonnet, M; Salvadori, A; Jarrassier, A; Renner, J; Malgras, B; Mérat, S

    2017-02-01

    Triage, a medical term derived from the French word "trier", is the practical process of sorting casualties to rationally allocate limited resources. In combat settings with limited medical resources and long transportation times, triage is challenging since the objectives are to avoid overcrowding medical treatment facilities while saving a maximum of soldiers and to get as many of them back into action as possible. The new face of modern warfare, asymmetric and non-conventional, has led to the integrative evolution of triage into the theatre of operations. This article defines different triage scores and algorithms currently implemented in military settings. The discrepancies associated with these military triage systems are highlighted. The assessment of combat casualty severity requires several scores and each nation adopts different systems for triage on the battlefield with the same aim of quickly identifying those combat casualties requiring lifesaving and damage control resuscitation procedures. Other areas of interest for triage in military settings are discussed, including predicting the need for massive transfusion, haemodynamic parameters and ultrasound exploration.

  5. Operation Aftershock: the U.S. military disaster response to the Yogyakarta earthquake May through June 2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amundson, Dennis; Lane, David; Ferrara, Elizabeth

    2008-03-01

    The U.S. military has recently been involved in many humanitarian assistance and disaster response missions around the world. This newfound role is in response to the U.S. government's desire to use "medical diplomacy" rather than "military might" to shape its relationship with foreign governments. With each of these humanitarian assistance and disaster response missions, the U.S. military has learned how to more rapidly insert desperately needed services and skill sets into disaster-struck communities, how to arrange for in-country services (translation services, transportation, etc.) that cannot be readily brought in, and how to work closely with foreign governments and nongovernmental organizations to determine their needs and expectations without the U.S. military appearing as if it were trying to establish a permanent presence.

  6. El Rio De Gente: U.S. Military Role In Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multi-National (JIIM) Operations to Help Manage the River of People from Central America to the U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    TERMS Vulnerability, Culture , Military, Sociology, Threat, Technology, Technological 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT...Europe, Haiti, Mexico, Cuba, Sweden , the Mediterranean, South Africa, Iraq, Russia, Australia, China, Southeast Asia, Belgium, the Sinai, France...Despite current trends and efforts, the long-term process of training, educating, and changing the culture of the U.S. military and other JIIM

  7. Iraqi Military Academies

    OpenAIRE

    Nodar Z. Mossaki

    2015-01-01

    The article analyzes the system of training of officers in military academies in Iraq – in Zakho, Qalacholan, ar-Rustamiyah and an-Nasiriyah. The author describes the history of creation, process of evolution, challenges and features of training in these colleges. Particular attention paid to military academies in the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan, which actually do not obey the central government of Iraq, however, have the highest level of training. Currently, Iraq's military academies operat...

  8. Nuclear axial current operators to fourth order in chiral effective field theory

    CERN Document Server

    Krebs, H; Meißner, U -G

    2016-01-01

    We present the complete derivation of the nuclear axial charge and current operators as well as the pseudoscalar operators to fourth order in the chiral expansion relative to the dominant one-body contribution using the method of unitary transformation. We demonstrate that the unitary ambiguity in the resulting operators can be eliminated by the requirement of renormalizability and by matching of the pion-pole contributions to the nuclear forces. We give expressions for the renormalized single-, two- and three-nucleon contributions to the charge and current operators and pseudoscalar operators including the relevant relativistic corrections. We also verify explicitly the validity of the continuity equation.

  9. A grid side converter current controller for accurate current injection under normal and fault ride through operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hadjidemetriou, Lenos; Kyriakides, Elias; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2013-01-01

    requirements. In addition, the renewable energy systems require fault ride through capability in order to support the power grid under balanced or unbalanced low voltage grid faults. Therefore, the development of advanced current controller techniques is essential for the grid side power electronic converters...... in order to increase the renewable energy systems penetration and satisfy the grid codes. This paper proposes a current controller technique, which enables the appropriate operation of the grid side converter under unbalanced grid faults and harmonic distorted grid conditions. The proposed current......Modern grid codes for interconnection of distributed energy resources have become more restrictive due to the massive integration of renewable energy sources. The interconnected renewable energy sources must operate accurately under normal and abnormal grid conditions in order to meet the grid...

  10. 南宋两淮军事指挥系统运行机制%Operation of Huaihe River region military chain of command of Southern Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周燕来

    2012-01-01

    This paper,taking the institution and operation of the Southern Song Dynasty,examines the military chain of command in Huaihe River region,the allocation of its subsidiary bodies and the operation mechanism in its goods management.The analysis indicates that it was more similar to the central dispatch but quite different from the subsequent home secretary,and other institutions.Military officers of Song Huai River theater enjoy all the way(actually east of Huainan,west of Huainan) in military dictatorship,and it is relatively independent of the administration,personnel,financial powers.%以南宋都督府的设置和运作为例,考察南宋两淮地区军事指挥系统及其附属机构的人员调配、财物管理等运行机制。分析认为:其性质更接近于中央派出机构,而与日后的制置司等机构迥然不同;南宋两淮战区军事主官享有一路(实际是淮南东、淮南西二路)的军事独裁权以及相对独立的行政、人事、财政权。

  11. 军队医院网络安全风险与控制%Security Risk Analysis of Military Hospital Network Security and Practice on Security Operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俊; 刘敏超

    2015-01-01

    Hospital network is a carrier of hospital information system. Building network security has the proper meaning of military hospital informatization. By analyzing the complexity and security risk of military hospital network, we summarized the network security operation scheme including physical isolation, physical security, access security, internet security, authorization and terminal security in practice.%医院网络是医院信息系统的载体,构建安全网络是军队医院信息化的题中之义。通过分析军队医院网络复杂性及其安全风险,总结我院构建网络隔离、物理安全、接入安全、互联安全、权限管理和终端安全的网络安全运维实践方案。

  12. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-06

    Iraq in August 2014. Later in September, after laying out plans for expanded use of military force against the Islamic State in a televised speech...agenda, such authorization could prove to be far reaching. S.J.Res. 44 also authorizes the use of force to “protect individuals from acts of violence ...to protect individuals from acts of violence in clear contravention of international law and basic human rights” CRS-13 Provision H.R. 5415

  13. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-21

    based primarily on immediate protection of the United States, its personnel, or citizens. Thus, it can be argued that Article II alone might not...September 8, 2014 H.J.Res. 125 Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ISIL Resolution Representative Adam Schiff September 16, 2014 H.J.Res... application of existing AUMFs, the repeal 6 H.J.Res. 125 states that the limitation does not apply

  14. A high-speed CMOS current op amp for very low supply voltage operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Erik

    1994-01-01

    A CMOS implementation of a high-gain current mode operational amplifier (op amp) with a single-ended input and a differential output is described. This configuration is the current mode counterpart of the traditional voltage mode op amp. In order to exploit the inherent potential for high speed......, low voltage operation normally associated with current mode analog signal processing, the op amp has been designed to operate off a supply voltage of 1.5 V, and the signal path has been confined to N-channel transistors. With this design, a gain of 94 dB and a gain-bandwidth product of 65 MHz has been...

  15. Comparing military and civilian critical thinking and information processes in operational risk management: what are the lessons?

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanVactor, Jerry D; Gill, Tony

    2010-03-01

    Business continuity has expanded into a discipline that spans most functional areas of large enterprises. Both the military and financial sectors have consistently demonstrated an aptitude to expand the boundaries of continuity planning and crisis mitigation. A comparison of both enterprises is provided to see how their respective methodologies compare. Interestingly, the similarities far outweigh the differences. The paper provides commentary related to comparative insight from risk practitioners' perspectives from within the US Army, one of the largest military organisations in the world, and the Bank of Montreal, one of Canada's leading financial institutions.

  16. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... militaries and explore what kind of strategies can overcome this gap between input and output. Instead of focusing on military strategy, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen seeks to draw on the ideas of business strategy to assess alternative business cases - reforming military HR to combat instability in the 'Global...... South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them...

  17. It is not their war: the impact of military operations on Philippine migrant care workers for elderly people in Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron P

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Pnina Ron School of Social Work, Faculty of Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel Objective: A majority of work immigrants from the Philippines came to Israel to fill positions involving personal and nursing care. Most of them were in Israel during the Second Lebanon War, the Cast Lead operation, and the Protective Edge Operation. These migrant care workers experienced these events no differently than did the Israeli population. The goal of this study was to examine the connections between the Philippine migrant care workers’ exposure to the military operations and the levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, death anxiety, and burnout among them.Methods: A random sample of 147 Philippine migrant care workers was recruited through four agencies that employ migrant care workers. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire.Results: Philippine migrant care workers reported high levels of PTSD, high levels of death anxiety, and low levels of burnout. Levels of exposure were positively associated with levels of PTSD, death anxiety, and negatively with burnout. A significant inverse relationship was found between interpersonal variables (self-esteem and sense of mastery and the PTSD, death anxiety, and burnout levels reported by the participants. Keywords: elderly care, death anxiety, work immigrants, burnout, military operations

  18. Nuclear axial current operators to fourth order in chiral effective field theory

    OpenAIRE

    Krebs, H; Epelbaum, E.; Meißner, U.-G

    2016-01-01

    We present the complete derivation of the nuclear axial charge and current operators as well as the pseudoscalar operators to fourth order in the chiral expansion relative to the dominant one-body contribution using the method of unitary transformation. We demonstrate that the unitary ambiguity in the resulting operators can be eliminated by the requirement of renormalizability and by matching of the pion-pole contributions to the nuclear forces. We give expressions for the renormalized singl...

  19. Balancing Act: The U. S. Military’s Reliance on Contractors to Fulfill Operational-Level Logistical Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-15

    Military Sealift Command. Combat Logistics Force (PM1), 1. 40 Ibid. 41 Michael Marquez, Richard Rayos, and John Mercado . Standard Port-Visit Forecasting...Series no. 8 (2012). Marquez, Michael, John Mercado , and Richard Rayos. Standard Port-Visit Forecasting Model for U.S. Navy Husbanding

  20. Current Status and Trend of US Military UA Communication System%美军无人机通信系统发展现状及趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关中锋

    2014-01-01

    无人机通信系统是影响无人机系统作战效能的重要因素,跟踪美军无人机通信系统的发展现状及趋势,可为我国无人机通信系统的研制提供一定的参考价值。从美军无人机通信的发展历史入手,详细描述了几种典型无人机通信系统的发展现状,然后分析并总结了系统的典型配置、功能及特点,最后对美军无人机通信系统的发展趋势进行了展望。期望为从事无人机通信技术研究的工程技术人员提供一定的参考。%Unmanned aircraft( UA) communication system is one of the vitally important factors affecting the efficiency of unmanned aircraft system ( UAS ) . Tracking the current status and evolving trend of the US military UA communication system can provide reference for the development of domestic UA communica-tion system. Starting from the history of US military UA communication system, this paper describes in de-tail the current status of some representative UA communication systems,then analyzes and summarizes the typical configurations, functions and characteristics of these systems. Finally, the developing trend of US military UA communication system is predicted. The author hopes that this paper could offer some refer-ences for those engaged in UAV communication field.

  1. Financial Support of Military Hospitals in Military Operations other than War%非战争军事行动中军队医院财务保障措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊训英

    2012-01-01

    本文依据非战争军事行动对医院财务保障提出的要求,针对当前非战争军事行动中财务保障存在的不足,提出了统筹资源、完善预案、建立机制、保障效益,加大基础建设五个方面的改进措施.%According to the characteristics and defects of financial support in military operation other than war, the author put forward the improving measures, which included planning the resources as a whole, perfecting preplan, establishing mechanism, ensuring effectiveness, increasing the infrastructure construction.

  2. Final Environmental Assessment for Proposed Airspace Changes for Paradise East and Paradise West Military Operations Areas (MOAs) at Mountain Home Air Force Base (MHAFB) Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    spill-out” (training aircraft inadvertently flies outside of the MOA). These events significantly increase the ARTCC/Military RADAR Unit ( MRU ...military aircraft traffic. Military traffic within the MHRC MOAs is the responsibility of Cowboy Control Military Radar Unit ( MRU ).  Military Training...airspace because Cowboy Control MRU is not an Air Traffic Control facility and is therefore limited procedurally. The location of DVR relegates the

  3. The development of safe high current operation in JET-ILW

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rimini, Fernanda G., E-mail: fernanda.rimini@ccfe.ac.uk [CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Alves, Diogo [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, IST, Universidade de Lisboa (Portugal); Arnoux, Gilles [CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Baruzzo, Matteo [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, Consorzio RFX Padova (Italy); Belonohy, Eva [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, 85748 Garching (Germany); Carvalho, Ivo [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, IST, Universidade de Lisboa (Portugal); Felton, Robert [CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Joffrin, Emmanuel [IRFM-CEA, Centre de Cadarache, 13108 Sant-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Lomas, Peter; McCullen, Paul [CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Neto, Andre [Fusion for Energy, 08019 Barcelona (Spain); Nunes, Isabel [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, IST, Universidade de Lisboa (Portugal); Reux, Cedric [IRFM-CEA, Centre de Cadarache, 13108 Sant-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Stephen, Adam; Valcarcel, Daniel [CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Wiesen, Sven [IEK-4, Forschungszentrum Jüulich GmbH, Partner in the Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Juelich (Germany)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • JET is unique in its capability to operate in DT and at high plasma current. • Studies of high current H-mode are integral part of JET ITER-like Wall programme. • Focus is on safety wrt transient & steady-state heat loads on ILW components. • Early real-time detection of off-normal events and disruption effects mitigation. • This work successfully delivered H-mode scenario up to 4 MA. - Abstract: The JET tokamak is unique amongst present fusion devices in its capability to operate at high plasma current, providing the closest plasma parameters to ITER. The physics benefits of high current operation have to be balanced against the risks to the integrity of the machine due to high force disruptions. The installation of the ITER-Like Wall (ILW) has added risks due to the thermal characteristics of the metal Plasma Facing Components. This paper describes the operational aspects of the scientific development of high current H-mode plasmas with the ILW, focusing on disruption prediction, avoidance and amelioration. The development yielded baseline H-mode plasmas up to 4 MA/3.74 T, comparable to the maximum current achieved in JET in Carbon-Wall (CFC) conditions with similar divertor geometry.

  4. Results of Current Density Distribution Mapping in PEM Fuel Cells Dependent on Operation Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew A. Styczynski

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents in situ measurements of a newly developed current density measurement system for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC. While the functional principle and technical evaluation of the measurement system were presented in a previous paper, this paper analyzes the influence of various operation parameters, including multiple start-stop operation, at the anode, cathode and cooling locations on the distribution and long-term development of the current density. The system was operated for 500 h over two years with long periods of inactivity between measurements. The measurement results are evaluated and provide additional information on how to optimize the operation modes of fuel cells, including the start and stop of such systems as well as the water balance.

  5. Operational prediction of rip currents using numerical model and nearshore bathymetry from video images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sembiring, L.; Van Ormondt, M.; Van Dongeren, A. R.; Roelvink, J. A.

    2017-07-01

    Rip currents are one of the most dangerous coastal hazards for swimmers. In order to minimize the risk, a coastal operational-process based-model system can be utilized in order to provide forecast of nearshore waves and currents that may endanger beach goers. In this paper, an operational model for rip current prediction by utilizing nearshore bathymetry obtained from video image technique is demonstrated. For the nearshore scale model, XBeach1 is used with which tidal currents, wave induced currents (including the effect of the wave groups) can be simulated simultaneously. Up-to-date bathymetry will be obtained using video images technique, cBathy 2. The system will be tested for the Egmond aan Zee beach, located in the northern part of the Dutch coastline. This paper will test the applicability of bathymetry obtained from video technique to be used as input for the numerical modelling system by comparing simulation results using surveyed bathymetry and model results using video bathymetry. Results show that the video technique is able to produce bathymetry converging towards the ground truth observations. This bathymetry validation will be followed by an example of operational forecasting type of simulation on predicting rip currents. Rip currents flow fields simulated over measured and modeled bathymetries are compared in order to assess the performance of the proposed forecast system.

  6. Implementation of superconducting fault current limiter for flexible operation in the power substation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Chong Suk, E-mail: chong_suk@korea.ac.kr [School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Anam dong, Seonbukgu, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Hansang [School of Railway and Electrical Engineering, Kyungil University, Hayang-eup, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 712-701 (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Yoon-sung [Department of Electric and Energy Engineering, Catholic University of Daegu, Hayang-eup, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 712-702 (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Jaewan [School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Anam dong, Seonbukgu, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Gilsoo, E-mail: gjang@korea.ac.kr [School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Anam dong, Seonbukgu, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-15

    Highlights: • The power load concentrated in load centers results in high levels of fault current. • This paper introduces a fault current reduction scheme using SFCLs in substations. • The SFCL is connected in parallel to the bus tie between the two busbars. • The fault current mitigation using SFCLs is verified through PSS/e simulations. - Abstract: The concentration of large-scale power loads located in the metropolitan areas have resulted in high fault current levels during a fault thereby requiring the substation to operate in the double busbar configuration mode. However, the double busbar configuration mode results in deterioration of power system reliability and unbalanced power flow in the adjacent transmission lines which may result in issues such as overloading of lines. This paper proposes the implementation of the superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) to be installed between the two substation busbars for a more efficient and flexible operation of the substation enabling both single and double busbar configurations depending on the system conditions for guaranteeing power system reliability as well as fault current limitations. Case studies are being performed for the effectiveness of the SFCL installation and results are compared for the cases where the substation is operating in single and double busbar mode and with and without the installation of the SFCL for fault current mitigation.

  7. [Intersectoral experience to bridge the gap between human resources in public health and the technical-operational level for Peruvian Voluntary Military Service members].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romaní-Romaní, Franco; Curisinche-Rojas, Maricela; Arteaga, Norka Rojas; Lopez, Pedro Riega; Cabezas, César

    2016-01-01

    There is a gap between human resources and technical-operational education that limits the Peruvian health system's ability to implement public health interventions. The Peruvian Ministry of Health, through the National Health Institute and the Ministry of Defense, implemented a Public Health Training Program addressed to young full-time military servicemen, on the basis of the competency profile of a public health technician. The program consists of seven thematic units given in 390 hours, 200 of which correspond to classroom and field practices. Between July 2014 and December 2015, the program has been carried out in 10 venues of the three armed forces, training and certifying 405 young servicemen. The intervention provides the military service with an additional educational benefit, making it more appealing as a chance for development and opens up a line of work in the public health sector for young people in more remote areas. This experience seeks to increase public health-trained human resources to a technical-operational level. In collaboration with regional governments, graduates are expected to be welcomed and included in the public health system.

  8. Study of the Military Operation Equipment Provision from Libyan War%从利比亚战争看军事斗争装备准备

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯华; 李福生; 吕文奇

    2011-01-01

    针对利比亚战争双方军事斗争装备准备特点,运用对比分析方法,从信息系统建设、装备预置、保障手段建设、保障方法改进、战备储备、自主保障能力建设等6个方面分析作战双方装备准备特点,提出对我军军事斗争装备准备的启示.%This paper directs against the characteristics of both sides' military operation equipment provision in Libyan War, applies the way of comparative analysis, analyzes the characteristics of e-quipment provision from information system construction, equipment presetting, support methods construction, support ways improving, war preparedness reserve and independent support ability construction. In the end, it probes into equipment provision inspirations of our army military operation.

  9. Military Exposures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Military Exposures Veterans may have been exposed to a range of chemical, physical, and environmental hazards during military service. Reports on Veterans’ Health Care Use What ...

  10. Current distribution measurements inside an electromagnetic plasma gun operated in a gas-puff mode

    OpenAIRE

    Poehlmann, Flavio R.; Cappelli, Mark A.; Rieker, Gregory B.

    2010-01-01

    Measurements are presented of the time-dependent current distribution inside a coaxial electromagnetic plasma gun. The measurements are carried out using an array of six axially distributed dual-Rogowski coils in a balanced circuit configuration. The radial current distributions indicate that operation in the gas-puff mode, i.e., the mode in which the electrode voltage is applied before injection of the gas, results in a stationary ionization front consistent with the presence of a plasma def...

  11. Military Adaptation in War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    the Germans believed they had won the war. General Alfred Jodl, the OKW’s (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, the Armed Forces High Command) chief of staff...was soon in the hands of Britain’s political and military leaders: “OPERATION ADLER [EAGLE]. Within a short period you will wipe out the British air...in Airpower and Warfare, Proceedings of the Eighth Military History Symposium, ed. by Colonel Alfred F. Hurley and Major Robert C. Ehrhart

  12. Computer Based Decision Support Tool for Helicopter Mission Planning in Disaster Relief and Military Operations (Outil informatique d’aide a la decision pour la planification des missions d’helicopteres dans des operations militaires et de secours en cas de catastrophe)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    TR-SAS-045 Computer Based Decision Support Tool for Helicopter Mission Planning in Disaster Relief and Military Operations (Outil informatique ...Computer Based Decision Support Tool for Helicopter Mission Planning in Disaster Relief and Military Operations (Outil informatique d’aide à la...RTO-TR-SAS-045 Outil informatique d’aide à la décision pour la planification des missions d’hélicoptères dans des opérations militaires et de

  13. Influenza risk management: lessons learned from an A(H1N1) pdm09 outbreak investigation in an operational military setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Margaret; Sebeny, Peter; Klena, John D; Demattos, Cecilia; Pimentel, Guillermo; Turner, Mark; Joseph, Antony; Espiritu, Jennifer; Zumwalt, John; Dueger, Erica

    2013-01-01

    At the onset of an influenza pandemic, when the severity of a novel strain is still undetermined and there is a threat of introduction into a new environment, e.g., via the deployment of military troops, sensitive screening criteria and conservative isolation practices are generally recommended. In response to elevated rates of influenza-like illness among U.S. military base camps in Kuwait, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 partnered with local U.S. Army medical units to conduct an A(H1N1) pdm09 outbreak investigation. Initial clinical data and nasal specimens were collected via the existent passive surveillance system and active surveillance was conducted using a modified version of the World Health Organization/U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention influenza-like illness case definition [fever (T > 100.5˚F/38˚C) in addition to cough and/or sore throat in the previous 72 hours] as the screening criteria. Samples were tested via real-time reverse-transcription PCR and sequenced for comparison to global A(H1N1) pdm09 viruses from the same time period. The screening criteria used in Kuwait proved insensitive, capturing only 16% of A(H1N1) pdm09-positive individuals. While still not ideal, using cough as the sole screening criteria would have increased sensitivity to 73%. The results of and lessons learned from this outbreak investigation suggest that pandemic influenza risk management should be a dynamic process (as information becomes available regarding true attack rates and associated mortality, screening and isolation criteria should be re-evaluated and revised as appropriate), and that military operational environments present unique challenges to influenza surveillance.

  14. Influenza risk management: lessons learned from an A(H1N1 pdm09 outbreak investigation in an operational military setting.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret Farrell

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: At the onset of an influenza pandemic, when the severity of a novel strain is still undetermined and there is a threat of introduction into a new environment, e.g., via the deployment of military troops, sensitive screening criteria and conservative isolation practices are generally recommended. OBJECTIVES: In response to elevated rates of influenza-like illness among U.S. military base camps in Kuwait, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 partnered with local U.S. Army medical units to conduct an A(H1N1 pdm09 outbreak investigation. PATIENTS/METHODS: Initial clinical data and nasal specimens were collected via the existent passive surveillance system and active surveillance was conducted using a modified version of the World Health Organization/U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention influenza-like illness case definition [fever (T > 100.5˚F/38˚C in addition to cough and/or sore throat in the previous 72 hours] as the screening criteria. Samples were tested via real-time reverse-transcription PCR and sequenced for comparison to global A(H1N1 pdm09 viruses from the same time period. RESULTS: The screening criteria used in Kuwait proved insensitive, capturing only 16% of A(H1N1 pdm09-positive individuals. While still not ideal, using cough as the sole screening criteria would have increased sensitivity to 73%. CONCLUSIONS: The results of and lessons learned from this outbreak investigation suggest that pandemic influenza risk management should be a dynamic process (as information becomes available regarding true attack rates and associated mortality, screening and isolation criteria should be re-evaluated and revised as appropriate, and that military operational environments present unique challenges to influenza surveillance.

  15. Heating, current drive and energetic particle studies on JET in preparation of ITER operation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noterdaeme, J. M.; Budny, R.; Cardinali, A.; Castaldo, C.; Cesario, R.; Crisanti, F.; DeGrassie, J.; D' Ippolito, D. A.; Durodie, F.; Ekedahl, A.; Figueiredo, A.; Ingesson, C.; Joffrin, E.; Hartmann, D.; Heikkinen, J.; Hellsten, T.; Jones, T.; Kiptily, V.; Lamalle, P.; Litaudon, X.; Nguyen, F.; Mailloux, J.; Mantsinen, M.; Mayoral, M.; Mazon, D.; Meo, F.; Monakhov, I.; Myra, J. R.; Pamela, J.; Pericoli, V.; Petrov, Y.; Sauter, O.; Sarazin, Y.; Sharapov, S. E.; Tuccillo, A. A.; Van Eester, D.

    2003-01-01

    This paper summarizes the recent work on JET in the three areas of heating, current drive and energetic particles. The achievements have extended the possibilities of JET, have a direct connection to ITER operation and provide new and interesting physics. Toroidal rotation profiles of plasmas heated

  16. Advanced Tokamak current density profiles for non-inductive Tore Supra operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kazarian-Vibert, F.; Litaudon, X.; Arslanbekov, R.; Bibet, P.; Froissard, P.; Goniche, M.; Hoang, G.T.; Joffrin, E.; Moreau, D.; Peysson, Y.; Rey, G. [Association Euratom-CEA, Centre d`Etudes de Cadarache, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France). Dept. de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee

    1995-12-31

    This document deals with the advanced Tokamak concept concerning self consistent hollow current density profiles. Several Lower Hybrid experiments performed on Tore Supra are presented: the feasibility of the constant-flux operation mode is demonstrated and a new improved confinement regime with a reversed shear has been obtained. (TEC). 12 refs., 5 figs.

  17. A current to voltage converter for cryogenics using a CMOS operational amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, K.; Saitoh, K.; Shibayama, Y.; Shirahama, K.

    2009-02-01

    We have constructed a versatile current to voltage (I-V) converter operating at liquid helium temperature, using a commercially available all-CMOS OPamp. It is valuable for cryogenic measurements of electrical current of nano-pico amperes, for example, in scanning probe microscopy. The I-V converter is thermally linked to liquid helium bath and self-heated up to 10.7 K. We have confirmed its capability of a transimpedance gain of 106 V/A and a bandwidth from DC to 200 kHz. In order to test the practical use for a frequency-modulation atomic force microscope, we have measured the resonance frequency shift of a quartz tuning fork at 32 kHz. In the operation of the I-V converter close to the sensor at liquid helium temperature, the signal-to-noise ratio has been improved to a factor of 13.6 compared to the operation at room temperature.

  18. Current density distribution mapping in PEM fuel cells as an instrument for operational measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geske, M.; Heuer, M.; Heideck, G.; Styczynski, Z. A. [Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Chair Electric Power Networks and Renewable Energy Sources, Magdeburg (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    A newly developed measurement system for current density distribution mapping has enabled a new approach for operational measurements in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). Taking into account previously constructed measurement systems, a method based on a multi layer printed circuit board was chosen for the development of the new system. This type of system consists of a sensor, a special electronic device and the control and visualization PC. For the acquisition of the current density distribution values, a sensor device was designed and installed within a multilayer printed circuit board with integrated shunt resistors. Varying shunt values can be taken into consideration with a newly developed and evaluated calibration method. The sensor device was integrated in a PEM fuel cell stack to prove the functionality of the whole measurement system. A software application was implemented to visualize and save the measurement values. Its functionality was verified by operational measurements within a PEMFC system. Measurement accuracy and possible negative reactions of the sensor device during PEMFC operation are discussed in detail in this paper. The developed system enables operational measurements for different operating phases of PEM fuel cells. Additionally, this can be seen as a basis for new opportunities of optimization for fuel cell design and operation modes. (author)

  19. Current Density Distribution Mapping in PEM Fuel Cells as An Instrument for Operational Measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Geske

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available A newly developed measurement system for current density distribution mapping has enabled a new approach for operational measurements in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC. Taking into account previously constructed measurement systems, a method based on a multi layer printed circuit board was chosen for the development of the new system. This type of system consists of a sensor, a special electronic device and the control and visualization PC. For the acquisition of the current density distribution values, a sensor device was designed and installed within a multilayer printed circuit board with integrated shunt resistors. Varying shunt values can be taken into consideration with a newly developed and evaluated calibration method. The sensor device was integrated in a PEM fuel cell stack to prove the functionality of the whole measurement system. A software application was implemented to visualize and save the measurement values. Its functionality was verified by operational measurements within a PEMFC system. Measurement accuracy and possible negative reactions of the sensor device during PEMFC operation are discussed in detail in this paper. The developed system enables operational measurements for different operating phases of PEM fuel cells. Additionally, this can be seen as a basis for new opportunities of optimization for fuel cell design and operation modes.

  20. Limitations Of The Current State Space Modelling Approach In Multistage Machining Processes Due To Operation Variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abellán-Nebot, J. V.; Liu, J.; Romero, F.

    2009-11-01

    The State Space modelling approach has been recently proposed as an engineering-driven technique for part quality prediction in Multistage Machining Processes (MMP). Current State Space models incorporate fixture and datum variations in the multi-stage variation propagation, without explicitly considering common operation variations such as machine-tool thermal distortions, cutting-tool wear, cutting-tool deflections, etc. This paper shows the limitations of the current State Space model through an experimental case study where the effect of the spindle thermal expansion, cutting-tool flank wear and locator errors are introduced. The paper also discusses the extension of the current State Space model to include operation variations and its potential benefits.

  1. Microstructure characterisation of solid oxide electrolysis cells operated at high current density

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bowen, Jacob R.; Bentzen, Janet Jonna; Chen, Ming;

    High temperature solid oxide cells can be operated either as fuel cells or electrolysis cells for efficient power generation or production of hydrogen from steam or synthesis gas (H2 + CO) from steam and CO2 respectively. When operated under harsh conditions, they often exhibit microstructural......, microstructure evolution of the Ni-yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is followed as a function of galvanostatic steam electrolysis testing at current densities between -0.5 and -1.0 A cm-2 for periods of up to 750 hours at 800 °C. The volume fraction and size of the percolating Ni particles was statistically...... quantified using the mean linear intercept method as a function of current density and correlated to increases in serial resistance. The above structural changes are then compared in terms of electrode degradation observed during the co-electrolysis of steam and CO2 at current densities up to -1.5 A cm-2...

  2. Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) military mental health issues. Information on the wars' signature wounds: posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieland, Diane; Hursey, Melodee; Delgado, Deborah

    2010-09-01

    This topic can be related to the nursing profession and the need to be better educated on military mental health. Since mood disorder, suicide, alcohol abuse, PTSD and TBI are evident in actively serving and returning service members, it is imperative to educate nurses and healthcare providers about these conditions, the available evidence-based treatments and referrals to programs for these signature OEF/OIF wounds. The authors encourage nurse educators to consider ways to include military mental health and other service-related health issues into nursing curricula and to use Veterans Administration and veterans-related healthcare facilities for clinical courses. As the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq continue into the foreseeable future, many veterans will be seen not only in VA facilities, but they will self-refer to academic and community hospitals, and psychiatric and rehabilitation centers. It is important for all nurses to be aware of the effects of PTSD, depression, suicide, substance abuse and TBI on our patients and to be effective advocates for quality care of veterans in all settings. Nurses need to advocate for screening and provision of mental health services in primary care settings. When such services are offered in primary care settings, it normalizes the care and the service member will more likely allow themselves to receive the care (Jones, 2004). All nurses must understand the price of war experienced by U.S. service members and their families, and in particular, the invisible wounds of war.

  3. LOYALTY AND THE MILITARY PROFESSION

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    loyalty, though, is that it invites unfairness , asks one to put aside reliance on good reason, and encourages irresponsibility. Baron explores...loyalty to fellow brethren in another. If the value of military loyalty were based solely on the quantity of advantages to disadvantages, there... advantage of military operational loyalty, enabling 27 service members to fight to the death, which is an advantage of military loyalty whose

  4. U.S. Army Corrosion Office's storage and quality requirements for military MEMS program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zunino, J. L., III; Skelton, D. R.

    2007-04-01

    As the Army transforms into a more lethal, lighter and agile force, the technologies that support these systems must decrease in size while increasing in intelligence. Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) are one such technology that the Army and DOD will rely on heavily to accomplish these objectives. Conditions for utilization of MEMS by the military are unique. Operational and storage environments for the military are significantly different than those found in the commercial sector. Issues unique to the military include; high G-forces during gun launch, extreme temperature and humidity ranges, extended periods of inactivity (20 years plus) and interaction with explosives and propellants. The military operational environments in which MEMS will be stored or required to function are extreme and far surpass any commercial operating conditions. Security and encryption are a must for all MEMS communication, tracking, or data reporting devices employed by the military. Current and future military applications of MEMS devices include safety and arming devices, fuzing devices, various guidance systems, sensors/detectors, inertial measurement units, tracking devices, radio frequency devices, wireless Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs) and network systems, GPS's, radar systems, mobile base systems and information technology. MEMS embedded into these weapons systems will provide the military with new levels of speed, awareness, lethality, and information dissemination. The system capabilities enhanced by MEMS will translate directly into tactical and strategic military advantages.

  5. Brothers in arms or peace? The media representation of Swedish and Norwegian defence- and military co-operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stig Arne Nohrstedt

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relevance of Johan Galtung's model for peace journalism and critical discourse analysis (CDA in light of the media coverage of Swedish and Norwegian defence cooperation. By analysing the proposal for closer military cooperation between the Nato-member Norway and the non-aligned Sweden the article emphasises the paradox that the fact that both Sweden and Norway have forces fighting in Afghanistan was not mentioned when the heads of the Norwegian and Swedish Defence in a joint article justified the need for a closer cooperation between the two countries. Thus this analysis illustrates some limitations of the peace journalism perspective and the necessity to take a contextual approach in which also the possibility of "peace talk" being part of a war discourse is considered.

  6. Elimination of zero sequence circulating current between parallel operating three-level inverters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Kai; Wang, Xiaodong; Dong, Zhenhua

    2016-01-01

    In order to suppress the zero sequence circulating currents (ZSCCs) between parallel operating three level voltage source inverters with common AC and DC buses, a common mode voltage reduction PWM (CMVR-PWM) technique and neural point potentials (NPPs) control based method is proposed in this paper...... strategies, ZSCCs between parallel inverters can be eliminated effectively. This strategy has the advantage of without carrier synchronization and can be utilized to parallel operating inverters with different types of filter. Simulation result validate the proposed ZSCC elimination schemes....

  7. New Voltage-Mode All-pass Filter Topology Employing Single Current Operational Amplifier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Çiçekli

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a new voltage-mode all-pass filter topology based on single current operational amplifier (COA and the implementation of COA by using current conveyors are presented. The proposed topology employs three admittances and single active circuit element. COA implementation by using current conveyor blocks as sub-circuit contributes to workability of the COA employing circuits by using commercially available integrated circuits that can be employed as current conveyor. The validity of the proposed filter is verified by PSPICE simulation programme by using the MOSIS 0.35 micron CMOS process parameters. The simulation results agree well with the theoretical analysis and the circuit achieve a good total harmonic distortion (THD performance.

  8. Assessment of Electron-Cyclotron-Current-Drive-Assisted Operation in DEMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marushchenko N.B.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The achievable efficiency for external current drive through electron-cyclotron (EC waves in a demonstration tokamak reactor is discussed. Two possible reactor designs, one for steady state and one for pulsed operation, are considered. It is found that for midplane injection the achievable current drive efficiency is limited by secondharmonic absorption at levels consistent with previous studies. Propagation through the second-harmonic region can be reduced by moving the launch position to the high-field side (this can be obtained by injecting the beam from an upper port in the vacuum vessel. In this case, beam tracing calculations deliver values for the EC current drive efficiency approaching those usually reported for neutral beam current drive.

  9. Current feedback operational amplifiers as fast charge sensitive preamplifiers for photomultiplier read out

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giachero, A; Gotti, C; Maino, M; Pessina, G, E-mail: claudio.gotti@mib.infn.it [INFN - Sezione di Milano-Bicocca, I-20126, Milano (Italy)

    2011-05-01

    Fast charge sensitive preamplifiers were built using commercial current feedback operational amplifiers for fast read out of charge pulses from a photomultiplier tube. Current feedback opamps prove to be particularly well suited for this application where the charge from the detector is large, of the order of one million electrons, and high timing resolution is required. A proper circuit arrangement allows very fast signals, with rise times down to one nanosecond, while keeping the amplifier stable. After a review of current feedback circuit topology and stability constraints, we provide a 'recipe' to build stable and very fast charge sensitive preamplifiers from any current feedback opamp by adding just a few external components. The noise performance of the circuit topology has been evaluated and is reported in terms of equivalent noise charge.

  10. Current feedback operational amplifiers as fast charge sensitive preamplifiers for photomultiplier read out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giachero, A.; Gotti, C.; Maino, M.; Pessina, G.

    2011-05-01

    Fast charge sensitive preamplifiers were built using commercial current feedback operational amplifiers for fast read out of charge pulses from a photomultiplier tube. Current feedback opamps prove to be particularly well suited for this application where the charge from the detector is large, of the order of one million electrons, and high timing resolution is required. A proper circuit arrangement allows very fast signals, with rise times down to one nanosecond, while keeping the amplifier stable. After a review of current feedback circuit topology and stability constraints, we provide a "recipe" to build stable and very fast charge sensitive preamplifiers from any current feedback opamp by adding just a few external components. The noise performance of the circuit topology has been evaluated and is reported in terms of equivalent noise charge.

  11. Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-12

    Military Retirement Budgeting and Costs Military retirement costs , which include all payments to current retirees and survivors, have been rising modestly...Since FY1985, the “accrual accounting ” concept has been used to budget for the costs of military retired pay. The unfunded liability resulting...from this Military Retirement Fund to current retirees. Individual retirees receive their retired pay from the Defense Finance and Accounting Service

  12. Design and Implementation of Multi Agent-based Information Fusion System for Supporting Decision Making (A Case Study on Military Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arwin Datumaya Wahyudi Sumari

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Quick, accurate, and complete information is highly required for supporting strategically impact decision making in a Military Operation (MO in order to reduce the decision cycle and to minimize the loss. For that purpose, we propose, design and implement a hierarchical Multi Agent-based Information Fusion System for Decision Making Support (MAIFS-DMS. The information fusion is implemented by applying Maximum Score of the Total Sum of Joint Probabilities (MSJP fusion method and is done by a collection of Information Fusion Agents (IFA that forms a multiagent system. MAIFS uses a combination of generalization of Dasarathy and Joint Director’s Laboratory (JDL process models for information fusion mechanism. Information fusion products that are displayed in graphical forms provide comprehensive information regarding the MO area dynamics. By observing the graphics resulted from the information fusion, the commandant will have situational awareness and knowledge in order to make the most accurate strategic decision as fast as possible

  13. 多样化军事行动装备物资保障研究%Equipment and Material Support for Diversified Military Operations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董玉杰; 梅全亭

    2012-01-01

    在厘定多样化军事行动装备物资保障内涵的基础上,通过对现行多样化军事行动装备物资保障的研究分析,总结了多样化军事行动装备物资保障的特点和存在的问题,进而提出了多样化军事行动装备物资保障的优化措施.%After clarifying the connotation of equipment and material support for diversified military operations, the paper studies its prevalent practice, summarizes its characteristics and problems and finally proposes measures for optimization.

  14. Power lateral pnp transistor operating with high current density in irradiated voltage regulator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukić Vladimir Đ.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The operation of power lateral pnp transistors in gamma radiation field was examined by detection of the minimum dropout voltage on heavily loaded low-dropout voltage regulators LM2940CT5, clearly demonstrating their low radiation hardness, with unacceptably low values of output voltage and collector-emitter voltage volatility. In conjunction with previous results on base current and forward emitter current gain of serial transistors, it was possible to determine the positive influence of high load current on a slight improvement of voltage regulator LM2940CT5 radiation hardness. The high-current flow through the wide emitter aluminum contact of the serial transistor above the isolation oxide caused intensive annealing of the positive oxide-trapped charge, leading to decrease of the lateral pnp transistor's current gain, but also a more intensive recovery of the small-signal npn transistors in the control circuit. The high current density in the base area of the lateral pnp transistor immediately below the isolation oxide decreased the concentration of negative interface traps. Consequently, the positive influence of the reduced concentration of the oxide-trapped charge on the negative feedback reaction circuit, together with the favourable effect of reduced interface traps concentration, exceeded negative influence of the annealed oxide-trapped charge on the serial pnp transistor's forward emitter current gain.

  15. Transformation - Revolution in Military Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    adopted by the logistics community as part of the Army’s Revolution in Military Logistics ....operations." To support this vision, Army logistics requires a quantum leap in strategic responsiveness. This change is called "Revolution in Military ... Logistics ," to know what the customer, the Warfighter, needs before he requests it. This study examines proposed improvements in automation

  16. A Framework for NGO-Military Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    the roles of various actors involved in postconflict reconstruction ” (Gheciu 2011, 96). Blurred boundaries, in the case of increasing NATO military...Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OE Operational Environment OFDA Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance PRT Provincial Reconstruction Team SAR...military units are now tasked with a broad range of stability missions, from peacekeeping to post-conflict reconstruction . Military units

  17. Concurrent operational modes and enhanced current sensitivity in heterostructure of magnetoelectric ring and piezoelectric transformer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shengyao; Ming Leung, Chung; Kuang, Wei; Wing Or, Siu; Ho, S. L.

    2013-05-01

    A heterostructure possessing two concurrent operational modes: current sensing (CS) mode and current transduction (CT) mode and an enhanced current sensitivity associated with the CT mode is proposed by combining a magnetoelectric ring (MER) with a piezoelectric transformer (PET). The MER is a ring-shaped magnetoelectric laminate having an axially polarized Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 (PZT) piezoelectric ceramic ring sandwiched between two circumferentially magnetized, inter-magnetically biased Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe1.92 (Terfenol-D) short-fiber/NdFeB magnet/epoxy three-phase magnetostrictive composite rings, while the PET is a Rosen-type PZT piezoelectric ceramic transformer. The current sensitivity (SI) and magnetoelectric voltage coefficient (αV) of the heterostructure in the two operational modes are evaluated theoretically and experimentally. The CS mode provides a large SI of ˜10 mV/A over a flat frequency range of 10 Hz-40 kHz with a high resonance SI of 157 mV/A at 62 kHz. The CT mode gives a 6.4-times enhancement in resonance SI, reaching 1000 mV/A at 62 kHz, as a result of the amplified vortex magnetoelectric effect caused by the vortex magnetoelectric effect in the MER, the matching of the resonance frequencies between the MER and the PET, and the resonance voltage step-up effect in the PET.

  18. Development of a high average current polarized electron source with long cathode operational lifetime

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    C. K. Sinclair; P. A. Adderley; B. M. Dunham; J. C. Hansknecht; P. Hartmann; M. Poelker; J. S. Price; P. M. Rutt; W. J. Schneider; M. Steigerwald

    2007-02-01

    Substantially more than half of the electromagnetic nuclear physics experiments conducted at the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Laboratory) require highly polarized electron beams, often at high average current. Spin-polarized electrons are produced by photoemission from various GaAs-based semiconductor photocathodes, using circularly polarized laser light with photon energy slightly larger than the semiconductor band gap. The photocathodes are prepared by activation of the clean semiconductor surface to negative electron affinity using cesium and oxidation. Historically, in many laboratories worldwide, these photocathodes have had short operational lifetimes at high average current, and have often deteriorated fairly quickly in ultrahigh vacuum even without electron beam delivery. At Jefferson Lab, we have developed a polarized electron source in which the photocathodes degrade exceptionally slowly without electron emission, and in which ion back bombardment is the predominant mechanism limiting the operational lifetime of the cathodes during electron emission. We have reproducibly obtained cathode 1/e dark lifetimes over two years, and 1/e charge density and charge lifetimes during electron beam delivery of over 2?105???C/cm2 and 200 C, respectively. This source is able to support uninterrupted high average current polarized beam delivery to three experimental halls simultaneously for many months at a time. Many of the techniques we report here are directly applicable to the development of GaAs photoemission electron guns to deliver high average current, high brightness unpolarized beams.

  19. New active-only grounded inductance simulator employing current-mode approach suitable for wide band operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamacli, Serhan; Ozcan, Sadri; Kuntman, Hakan

    2011-08-01

    In this paper, an active-only grounded lossless inductance simulator operating in current-mode is presented. The circuit uses only a current operational amplifier (COA) and an operational transconductance amplifier (OTA). The novelty of the proposed circuit is that it uses a COA instead of a voltage operational amplifier (VOA) to take the wider frequency operation advantage of the current-mode approach. The simulation results obtained through SPICE with 0.5 μm standard CMOS technology verify that the designed circuit can be operated up to 30 MHz, which is much higher than the operation frequency of previously reported inductance simulators utilising VOAs. The inductance value of the presented circuit can be adjusted electronically between 3.9 μH and 37 μH via the biasing current of the OTA. A parallel resonance circuit application is also given validating the operation of the proposed inductance simulator.

  20. Steady-state and non-steady state operation of counter-current chromatography devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostanyan, Artak E; Ignatova, Svetlana N; Sutherland, Ian A; Hewitson, Peter; Zakhodjaeva, Yulya A; Erastov, Andrey A

    2013-11-01

    Different variants of separation processes based on steady-state (continuous sample loading) and non-steady state (batch) operating modes of CCC columns have been analyzed and compared. The analysis is carried out on the basis of the modified equilibrium cell model, which takes into account both mechanisms of band broadening - interphase mass transfer and axial mixing. A full theoretical treatment of the intermittent counter-current chromatography with short sample loading time is performed. Analytical expressions are presented allowing the simulation of the intermittent counter-current chromatography separations for various experimental conditions. Chromatographic and extraction separations have been compared and advantages and disadvantages of the two methods have been evaluated. Further technical development of the CCC machines to implement counter-current extraction separations is considered.

  1. The Military Assistance Command-Vietnam Studies and Observations Group-A Case Study in Special Operations Campaigning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    the adversary’s strategic and operational calculus .”94 The evidence suggests that the leadership of MACV never effectively planned at a holistic...Operations. Canberra: Defence Publishing Service, 2004. Beins, Bernard C. Research Methods . Boston, MA: Pearson Education, 2009. Cosmas, Graham A

  2. An Analysis of the Feasibility of Implementing Ultra Wideband and Mesh Network Technology in Support of Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    Link Quality MID Multiple Interface Declaration MMRP Mobile Mesh Routing Protocol MPR Multipoint Relay NIC Network Interface Card NLQ...Neighbor Link Quality NOC Network Operations Center NPS Naval Postgraduate School OLSR Optimized Link State Routing xvi OSI Open System...information is at the Camp Roberts Network Operations Center ( NOC ), the information is processed and sent to the Naval Postgraduate School Global

  3. Residual magnetic field profiles and their current density profiles of coated conductors for fast and slow cut-off current operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, J.; Taillouli, M.; Hamabe, M.; Watanabe, H.; Chikumoto, N.; Yamaguchi, S. [Chubu University, Kasugai, Aichi (Japan); Shyshkin, O. [V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkov (Ukraine)

    2015-03-15

    Coated conductor is an important candidate for power cable applications due to its high current density. Even for DC power cable transmission, we must study the transport properties of HTS tapes after slow and fast discharge. In order to evaluate relation of the magnetic field with applied current we developed a scanning magnetic field measurements system by employing a Hall probe. This work presents the measurements of the magnetic fields above a coated conductor by varying applied current pattern. In the work, a transport current of 100 A, less than the critical current, is applied to YBCO coated conductor. We measured the residual magnetic field distributions after cut off the transport current with slow and fast operations. The results show differences of the magnetic field profiles and the corresponding current profiles by an inverse solution from the magnetic field measurement between these two operations because of the hysteresis of coated conductor excited by the transport current.

  4. Military Implications of Global Warming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    U.S. environmental issues also have important global implications. This paper analyzes current U.S. Policy as it pertains to global warming and climate...for military involvement to reduce global warming . Global warming and other environmental issues are important to the U.S. military. As the United

  5. A current to voltage converter for cryogenics using a CMOS operational amplifier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayashi, K; Saitoh, K; Shibayama, Y; Shirahama, K [Department of Physics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan)], E-mail: khayashi@a2.keio.jp

    2009-02-01

    We have constructed a versatile current to voltage (I-V) converter operating at liquid helium temperature, using a commercially available all-CMOS OPamp. It is valuable for cryogenic measurements of electrical current of nano-pico amperes, for example, in scanning probe microscopy. The I-V converter is thermally linked to liquid helium bath and self-heated up to 10.7 K. We have confirmed its capability of a transimpedance gain of 10{sup 6} V/A and a bandwidth from DC to 200 kHz. In order to test the practical use for a frequency-modulation atomic force microscope, we have measured the resonance frequency shift of a quartz tuning fork at 32 kHz. In the operation of the I-V converter close to the sensor at liquid helium temperature, the signal-to-noise ratio has been improved to a factor of 13.6 compared to the operation at room temperature.

  6. Operational Experience and Consolidations for the Current Lead Control Valves of the Large Hadron Collider

    CERN Document Server

    Perin, A; Pirotte, O; Krieger, B; Widmer, A

    2012-01-01

    The Large Hadron Collider superconducting magnets are powered by more than 1400 gas cooled current leads ranging from 120 A to 13000 A. The gas flow required by the leads is controlled by solenoid proportional valves with dimensions from DN 1.8 mm to DN 10 mm. During the first months of operation, signs of premature wear were found in the active parts of the valves. This created major problems for the functioning of the current leads threatening the availability of the LHC. Following the detection of the problems, a series of measures were implemented to keep the LHC running, to launch a development program to solve the premature wear problem and to prepare for a global consolidation of the gas flow control system. This article describes first the difficulties encountered and the measures taken to ensure a continuous operation of the LHC during the first year of operation. The development of new friction free valves is then presented along with the consolidation program and the test equipment developed to val...

  7. On security work in military operations other than war%论非战争军事行动中的安全工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    满振刚; 周琳

    2011-01-01

    With the expansion of the content of national security view and the growth of non-traditional threats to security, our forces are becoming more and more involved in military operations other than war (MOOTW). In the meantime, we are facing an increasingly complicated situation, and the factors which may jeopardize the security or stability of our forces also grow in number. Therefore, we should put a strategic value on the security of MOOTW and take firm actions to ensure it. Specifical- ly, more is to be done concerning strengthening political work, emphasizing prediction and analysis, establishing emergency management system, improving specific training level, as well as renewing equipment and facilities. All of these serve the purpose of running the security carefully and concretely, ensuring the military security and stability while engaging in MOOTW.%随着国家安全观的内涵不断延伸和非传统安全威胁不断上升,我军遂行非战争军事行动任务日益频繁,面临的情况日趋复杂,影响和危害部队安全稳定的因素逐渐增多。因此,我军应高度重视非战争军事行动中的安全工作,并从加强政治工作、注重预测分析、完善应急管理机制、提升官兵针对性训练水平、进行装备革新等方面着手,把安全工作做细做实,保证在顺利完成任务的同时保持部队安全稳定。

  8. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them...

  9. Electromagnetic Structure of A=2 and 3 Nuclei and the Nuclear Current Operator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rocco Schiavilla

    2005-02-01

    Different models for conserved two- and three-body electromagnetic currents are constructed from two- and three-nucleon interactions, using either meson-exchange mechanisms or minimal substitution in the momentum dependence of these interactions. The connection between these two different schemes is elucidated. A number of low-energy electronuclear observables, including (i) np radiative capture at thermal neutron energies and deuteron photodisintegration at low energies, (ii) nd and pd radiative capture reactions, and (iii) isoscalar and isovector magnetic form factors of {sup 3}H and {sup 3}He, are calculated in order to make a comparative study of these models for the current operator. The realistic Argonne v{sub 18} two-nucleon and Urbana IX or Tucson-Melbourne three-nucleon interactions are taken as a case study. For A=3 processes, the bound and continuum wave functions, both below and above deuteron breakup threshold, are obtained with the correlated hyperspherical-harmonics method. Three-body currents give small but significant contributions to some of the polarization observables in the {sup 2}H(p,{gamma}){sup 3}He process and the {sup 2}H(n,{gamma}){sup 3}H cross section at thermal neutron energies. It is shown that the use of a current which did not exactly satisfy current conservation with the two- and three-nucleon interactions in the Hamiltonian was responsible for some of the discrepancies reported in previous studies between the experimental and theoretical polarization observables in pd radiative capture.

  10. A HIGH PERFORMANCE FULLY DIFFERENTIAL PURE CURRENT MODE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER AND ITS APPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SEYED JAVAD AZHARI

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a novel high performance all current-mode fully-differential (FD Current mode Operational Amplifier (COA in BIPOLAR technology is presented. The unique true current mode simple structure grants the proposed COA the largest yet reported unity gain frequency while providing low voltage low power operation. Benefiting from some novel ideas, it also exhibits high gain, high common mode rejection ratio (CMRR, high power supply rejection ratio (PSRR, high output impedance, low input impedance and most importantly high current drive capability. Its most important parameters are derived and its performance is proved by PSPICE simulations using 0.8 μm BICMOS process parameters at supply voltage of ±1.2V indicating the values of 82.4 dB,52.3º, 31.5 Ω, 31.78 MΩ, 179.2 dB, 2 mW and 698 MHz for gain, phase margin, input impedance, output impedance, CMRR, power and unity gain frequency respectively. Its CMRR also shows very high frequency of 2.64 GHz at zero dB. Its very high PSRR+/PSRR- of 182 dB/196 dB makes the proposed COA a highly suitable block in Mixed-Mode (SOC chips. Most favourably it can deliver up to ±1.5 mA yielding a high current drive capability exceeding 25. To demonstrate the performance of the proposed COA, it is used to realize a constant bandwidth voltage amplifier and a high performance Rm amplifier.

  11. Current Conditions Risk Assessment for the 300-FF-5 Groundwater Operable Unit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miley, Terri B.; Bunn, Amoret L.; Napier, Bruce A.; Peterson, Robert E.; Becker, James M.

    2007-11-01

    This report updates a baseline risk assessment for the 300 Area prepared in 1994. The update includes consideration of changes in contaminants of interest and in the environment that have occurred during the period of interim remedial action, i.e., 1996 to the present, as well as the sub-regions, for which no initial risk assessments have been conducted. In 1996, a record of decision (ROD) stipulated interim remedial action for groundwater affected by releases from 300 Area sources, as follows: (a) continued monitoring of groundwater that is contaminated above health-based levels to ensure that concentrations continue to decrease, and (b) institutional controls to ensure that groundwater use is restricted to prevent unacceptable exposure to groundwater contamination. In 2000, the groundwater beneath the two outlying sub-regions was added to the operable unit. In 2001, the first 5-year review of the ROD found that the interim remedy and remedial action objectives were still appropriate, although the review called for additional characterization activities. This report includes a current conditions baseline ecological and human health risk assessment using maximum concentrations in the environmental media of the 300-FF-5 Operable Unit and downstream conditions at the City of Richland, Washington. The scope for this assessment includes only current measured environmental concentrations and current use scenarios. Future environmental concentrations and future land uses are not considered in this assessment.

  12. Military Marvels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The crucial role played by China’s military since the Sichuan earthquake has endeared them to the country more than ever August 1 is the founding anniversary of China’s People’s Liberation Army(PLA).It’s a date with particular public resonance this year because of the crucial role the military has played

  13. Observation of self-magnetic field relaxations in Bi2223 and Y123 HTS tapes after over-current pulse and DC current operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tallouli, M.; Sun, J.; Chikumoto, N.; Otabe, E. S.; Shyshkin, O.; Charfi-Kaddour, S.; Yamaguchi, S.

    2016-07-01

    The development of power transmission lines based on long-length HTS tapes requires the production of high quality tapes. Due to fault conditions, technical mistakes and human errors during the operation of a DC power transmission line, an over-current pulse, several times larger than the rated current, could occur. To study the effect of such over-current pulses on the transport current density distribution in the HTS tapes, we simulated two start-up scenarios for one BSCCO and two YBCO tapes. The first start-up scenario is an initial over-current pulse during which the transport current was turned on rapidly, rising to 900 A during the first milliseconds, then reduced to a 100 A DC current. The second start-up scenario is normal operation, and involved increasing the transport current slowly from 0 A to 100 A at a rate of 1 A/s. For both scenarios, we then measured the vertical component of the self-magnetic field by means of a Hall probe above the tape, and afterward, by solving a linear equation of the inverse problem we obtain the current density profiles. We observe a change of the self-magnetic field above the edge of the BSCCO and YBCO tapes during 30 min after the 5 ms of over-current pulse and during the normal operation. The current density profiles are peaked in the centre for over-current pulse, and more peaked around the edge of the HTS tape for normal operation, which means that the limited time over-current pulse changes the current density profiles of the HTS tapes. We observe also a loop of current for YBCO tapes and we show the role of the HTS tape stabilizer.

  14. Biasing, operation and parasitic current limitation in single device equivalent to CMOS, and other semiconductor systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, James D.

    2003-09-23

    Disclosed are semiconductor devices including at least one junction which is rectifying whether the semiconductor is caused to be N or P-type, by the presence of applied gate voltage field induced carriers in essentially intrinsic, essentially homogeneously simultaneously containing both N and P-type metallurgical dopants at substantially equal doping levels, essentially homogeneously simultaneously containing both N and P-type metallurgical dopants at different doping levels, and containing a single metallurgical doping type, and functional combinations thereof. In particular, inverting and non-inverting gate voltage channel induced semiconductor single devices with operating characteristics similar to conventional multiple device CMOS systems, which can be operated as modulators, are disclosed as are a non-latching SCR and an approach to blocking parasitic currents utilizing material(s) which form rectifying junctions with both N and P-type semiconductor whether metallurigically or field induced.

  15. Current distribution measurements inside an electromagnetic plasma gun operated in a gas-puff mode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poehlmann, Flavio R; Cappelli, Mark A; Rieker, Gregory B

    2010-12-01

    Measurements are presented of the time-dependent current distribution inside a coaxial electromagnetic plasma gun. The measurements are carried out using an array of six axially distributed dual-Rogowski coils in a balanced circuit configuration. The radial current distributions indicate that operation in the gas-puff mode, i.e., the mode in which the electrode voltage is applied before injection of the gas, results in a stationary ionization front consistent with the presence of a plasma deflagration. The effects of varying the bank capacitance, transmission line inductance, and applied electrode voltage were studied over the range from 14 to 112 μF, 50 to 200 nH, and 1 to 3 kV, respectively.

  16. Current distribution measurements inside an electromagnetic plasma gun operated in a gas-puff mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poehlmann, Flavio R.; Cappelli, Mark A.; Rieker, Gregory B.

    2010-12-01

    Measurements are presented of the time-dependent current distribution inside a coaxial electromagnetic plasma gun. The measurements are carried out using an array of six axially distributed dual-Rogowski coils in a balanced circuit configuration. The radial current distributions indicate that operation in the gas-puff mode, i.e., the mode in which the electrode voltage is applied before injection of the gas, results in a stationary ionization front consistent with the presence of a plasma deflagration. The effects of varying the bank capacitance, transmission line inductance, and applied electrode voltage were studied over the range from 14 to 112 μF, 50 to 200 nH, and 1 to 3 kV, respectively.

  17. Development of a high average current polarized electron source with long cathode operational lifetime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. K. Sinclair

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Substantially more than half of the electromagnetic nuclear physics experiments conducted at the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Laboratory require highly polarized electron beams, often at high average current. Spin-polarized electrons are produced by photoemission from various GaAs-based semiconductor photocathodes, using circularly polarized laser light with photon energy slightly larger than the semiconductor band gap. The photocathodes are prepared by activation of the clean semiconductor surface to negative electron affinity using cesium and oxidation. Historically, in many laboratories worldwide, these photocathodes have had short operational lifetimes at high average current, and have often deteriorated fairly quickly in ultrahigh vacuum even without electron beam delivery. At Jefferson Lab, we have developed a polarized electron source in which the photocathodes degrade exceptionally slowly without electron emission, and in which ion back bombardment is the predominant mechanism limiting the operational lifetime of the cathodes during electron emission. We have reproducibly obtained cathode 1/e dark lifetimes over two years, and 1/e charge density and charge lifetimes during electron beam delivery of over 2×10^{5}   C/cm^{2} and 200 C, respectively. This source is able to support uninterrupted high average current polarized beam delivery to three experimental halls simultaneously for many months at a time. Many of the techniques we report here are directly applicable to the development of GaAs photoemission electron guns to deliver high average current, high brightness unpolarized beams.

  18. Aircraft modifications: Assessing the current state of Air Force aircraft modifications and the implications for future military capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Owen Jacob

    How prepared is the U.S. Air Force to modify its aircraft fleet in upcoming years? Aircraft modernization is a complex interaction of new and legacy aircraft, organizational structure, and planning policy. This research will take one component of modernization: aircraft modification, and apply a new method of analysis in order to help formulate policy to promote modernization. Departing from previous small-sample studies dependent upon weight as a chief explanatory variable, this dissertation incorporates a comprehensive dataset that was constructed for this research of all aircraft modifications from 1996 through 2005. With over 700 modification programs, this dataset is used to examine changes to the current modification policy using policy-response regression models. These changes include separating a codependent procurement and installation schedule, reducing the documentation requirements for safety modifications, and budgeting for aging aircraft modifications. The research then concludes with predictive models for the F-15 and F-16 along with their replacements: the F-22 and F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

  19. Military Operations Research Society Symposium (70th): Military Operations Research at the Next Frontier. Held at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas on 18-20 June 2002. Final Program and Book of Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-20

    Call to Order and Announcements National Anthem and Posting of Colors Host Welcome Sponsor’s Welcome Keynote Address MORS Welcome and...Hall, Eisenhower Auditorium " Call to Order Dr. Steven E. Pilnick, Program Chair, 70th MORSS " National Anthem & Posting of Colors * Host Welcome Mr...Operations Analysis Supporting the Joint Task Force Ms. Cindy Grier MAJ Bobbi Leyes , USA HQ USAREUR Unit 29351 HQ USAREUR Unit 29351 ATTN: AEAGS-OR ATTN

  20. Operation Tests for SN Transition Superconducting Fault Current Limiter in the Power System Simulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kameda, Hideyuki; Torii, Shinji; Kumano, Teruhisa; Sakaki, Hisayoshi; Kubota, Hiroshi; Yasuda, Kenji

    One of important problems to be solved in Japanese trunk transmission systems is the reduction of short circuit capacity. As this countermeasure, double buses are split into two buses in some substations. In recent years, dispersed generators are introduced in lower voltage classes due to the introduction of the electricity deregulation. In such a distribution system as many dispersed generators are introduced, it is a possibility that the fault current becomes beyond the breaking capacity at the occurrence of short circuit. Introduction of superconducting fault current limiters into a power system is very effective as one of the means to solve the above-mentioned problem, and we have studied on the effective introduction method of them and setting method of their parameters. This paper describes the results of the operation tests for SN transition type of a superconducting fault current limiter using 3 phases of FCL modules against various kinds of system faults or inrush current in the Power System Simulator installed at CRIEPI.

  1. Operational experience in the use of 18 kA HTS current leads for Edipo

    Science.gov (United States)

    March, S.; Wesche, R.; Bruzzone, P.

    2014-05-01

    In spring 2013, the Edipo facility of CRPP was commissioned. The dipole is powered via two 18 kA HTS current leads, designed and manufactured at CRPP. As part of the Edipo commissioning framework, the operational parameters of the leads were implemented in the control system. The in-situ tests were found to be in good agreement with the tests performed without a background field in 2011. The leads consist of a conduction cooled HTS module, made of AgMgAu/Bi-2223 stacks, and a wire bundle heat exchanger. The heat exchanger is cooled by forced flow helium gas, the inlet temperature of which was measured to vary between 65 K and 85 K. During operation with field, the mass flow rate is a function of current (2.05 g/s per lead at full field, 12.35 T, 17.2 kA). Reduced cooling investigations showed that 0.31 g/s per lead is suitable for overnight standby and 0.2 g/s per lead for longer periods. For detection of and protection against quench in the HTS module, a threshold of 10 mV was found to be appropriate. The heat exchanger has a voltage protection threshold of 120 mV. The temperatures of the heat exchanger, the HTS, and the helium inlet temperature were monitored in order to provide a further layer of protection.

  2. Defining the Information within Military Information Operations: Utilizing a Case Study of the Jammu and Kashmir Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-25

    Affairs. The Prevention of Terrorism Act 2002 Available at http://mha.nic.in/ poto -02.htm#schedule. India employs resources in its COIN operations...120 Alexander, 312-317. 1987, or TADA, and the Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance, 2001, or the POTO that later became the Act of 2002 (POTA).119 Since

  3. Special issue on Military Operations Research Society (MORS) Symposium (80th): Expanding the Boundaries of National Security Analysis (Phalanx: The Bulletin of Military Operations Research. Volume 45, Number 2, June 2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    analogy , this roughly equates to coaching through the current schedule and preparing for future seasons. Strong Foundation In presiding over the...decisions and requirements generation. However, no analogous context for evaluating and comparing life cycle cost exists, and estimation methods can...escorted to the USMA Mess Hall (while the rest of us grabbed box lunches filled with delicious sandwiches, chips, fruit, and the ultimate chocolate chip

  4. The operator product expansion between the 16 lowest higher spin currents in the N=4 superspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Changhyun; Kim, Man Hea

    2016-07-01

    Some of the operator product expansions (OPEs) between the lowest 16 higher spin currents of spins (1, 3/2, 3/2, 3/2, 3/2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 3) in an extension of the large N=4 linear superconformal algebra were constructed in N=4 superconformal coset SU(5)/SU(3) theory previously. In this paper, by rewriting these OPEs in the N=4 superspace developed by Schoutens (and other groups), the remaining undetermined OPEs in which the corresponding singular terms possess the composite fields with spins s =7/2, 4, 9/2, 5 are completely determined. Furthermore, by introducing arbitrary coefficients in front of the composite fields on the right-hand sides of the above complete 136 OPEs, reexpressing them in the N=2 superspace, and using the N=2 OPEs Mathematica package by Krivonos and Thielemans, the complete structures of the above OPEs with fixed coefficient functions are obtained with the help of various Jacobi identities. We then obtain ten N=2 super OPEs between the four N=2 higher spin currents denoted by (1, 3/2, 3/2, 2), (3/2, 2, 2, 5/2), (3/2, 2, 2, 5/2), and (2, 5/2, 5/2, 3) (corresponding 136 OPEs in the component approach) in the N=4 superconformal coset SU(N+2)/SU(N) theory. Finally, we describe them as one single N=4 super OPE between the above 16 higher spin currents in the N=4 superspace. The fusion rule for this OPE contains the next 16 higher spin currents of spins of (2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 7/2, 7/2, 7/2, 7/2, 4) in addition to the quadratic N=4 lowest higher spin multiplet and the large N=4 linear superconformal family of the identity operator. The various structure constants (fixed coefficient functions) appearing on the right-hand side of this OPE depend on N and the level k of the bosonic spin-1 affine Kac-Moody current. For convenience, the above 136 OPEs in the component approach for generic ( N, k) with simplified notation are given.

  5. MOUT: Military Operations in Urban Terrain (Air Land Sea Bulletin, Issue No. 2008-1, January 2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Regiment (3ACR) in Tal Afar; and 1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division in Ramadi. Tal Afar in early 2005 was dominated by Al Qaeda in Iraq. Local...MOUT villages in the approximate center of the Hohenfels Training Area ( HTA ). These targets also had the advantage of being relatively unrestricted...missile target development in early entry and mature theater operations. It provides a common understanding of the threat missile target set and

  6. Prediction of Pollution Flashover Voltage Based on Leakage Current Under AC Operating Voltage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MEI Hongwei; WANG Liming; GUAN Zhicheng; MAO Yingke

    2012-01-01

    This paper presented a model to predict the AC flashover voltage of contaminated suspension insulators.The prediction method is based on the maximum leakage current under AC operating voltage.Three kinds of widely used suspension insulators were tested in various contamination states such as pollution layers with different equivalent salt deposit density(ESDD),different composition of the conductive components,different non-soluble deposit density(NSDD) and different pollution distribution states to simulate the contamination states in nature.The effective ESDD was proposed and calculated.Influences of contamination states to maximum leakage current and flashover voltage were studied.Then,the relationships between flashover voltage and leakage current in these states were presented.Finally,considering the difference of insulator profiles,a new parameter is defined and a model to estimate the flashover voltage based on this parameter is developed.The model could be used in all kinds of suspension insulators in different contamination states and was validated by the test results.

  7. Challenges to Military Operations in Support of U.S. National Interests. Volume 1: Executive Summary (Defense Science Board 2007 Summer Study)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-09

    following capabilities: • Non-nuclear kinetic strike to hold at risk enemy nuclear assets and other high-value targets by non-nuclear means • Active...WMD environment today. The demands of current operations have reduced the dme that most forces are able to train for operations in a WMD...Reconstitution Reconstitution Need Space Capability Orbit Kinetic /Non- kinetic Alternate Sources Priority

  8. Army Military Land Tracts (AMLT)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Geographic Data Committee — This data set is part of a collection of real estate data concerning current and historic military installations whose real property interests are managed by the...

  9. Psychiatry and the military: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron; Benedek, David; Malone, Ricky; Carr-Malone, Rosemary

    2006-09-01

    The United States has historically been concerned about the successful adjustment of its military members returning from war. These concerns are based on the recognition that war-zone exposures may have considerable negative emotional or behavior consequences. As the global war on terror continues, the United States military medical system will be required to address issues at the interface of psychiatry and the law. Despite clinical advances within the theater of war and at tertiary facilities in the United States, some military members will develop chronic and disabling mental illness as a result of traumatic exposure and exacerbated by the demands of the austere and dangerous operational environment. The extent to which violent and aggressive behavior in the aftermath of deployment can be attributed to combat experience remains an area of debate and ongoing investigation. However, experience suggests that a very small subgroup of the hundreds of thousands of war veterans deployed in conjunction with the current conflict in Iraq has already been involved in violent crimes. For this group, military forensic psychiatrists will be called on to make determinations of competency and criminal responsibility and to inform the courts about the potential contributions of war-related distress or disorder to criminal behavior. Though the overwhelming majority of war veterans will not be involved in criminal proceedings, a minority will develop career-ending (and in rare instances, life-ending) disabilities as a result of mental illness. For those who are no longer fit for duty, the military Physical Disability Evaluation System must make determinations of the extent to which future military performance and future civilian social and occupational function have been compromised. For a small yet highly visible minority of returning veterans, questions about the cause, precipitants, and manner of death will necessitate psychological autopsies. This article highlighted recent

  10. A Methodology for Examining Collateral Effects on Military Operations during a Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and/or Nuclear Attack - Operational Effectiveness Loss Multiplier (OELM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED...devices; (2) preparation of decontamination, triage, transfer, and contamination control sites; and (3) employment of mission-oriented protective...29  A.  Medical Materiel Countermeasure (MMCM): Anthrax Antibiotic Post-Exposure Prophylaxis ( PEP

  11. Summary Report - Inspections of DoD Facilities and Military Housing and Audits of Base Operations and Support Services Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-14

    Emergency Services (F&ES) Program,” December 21, 2006 X All DoD operations Worldwide UFC 3-101-01, “ Architecture ,” Change 2, March 1, 2016 X X New...smoke detectors and live wires directly on roof (see Figure 2); • an aircraft hangar containing sleeping quarters at Bagram Air Field that lacked...buildings at 12 of the 15 installations inspected did not have smoke alarms installed in sleeping areas (87 deficiencies); • 6 buildings with improperly

  12. Predicting core losses and efficiency of SRM in continuous current mode of operation using improved analytical technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsapour, Amir, E-mail: amirparsapour@gmail.com [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dehkordi, Behzad Mirzaeian, E-mail: mirzaeian@eng.ui.ac.ir [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Moallem, Mehdi, E-mail: moallem@cc.iut.ac.ir [Department of Electrical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    In applications in which the high torque per ampere at low speed and rated power at high speed are required, the continuous current method is the best solution. However, there is no report on calculating the core loss of SRM in continuous current mode of operation. Efficiency and iron loss calculation which are complex tasks in case of conventional mode of operation is even more involved in continuous current mode of operation. In this paper, the Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) is modeled using finite element method and core loss and copper loss of SRM in discontinuous and continuous current modes of operation are calculated using improved analytical techniques to include the minor loop losses in continuous current mode of operation. Motor efficiency versus speed in both operation modes is obtained and compared. - Highlights: • Continuous current method for Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) is explained. • An improved analytical technique is presented for SRM core loss calculation. • SRM losses in discontinuous and continuous current operation modes are presented. • Effect of mutual inductances on SRM performance is investigated.

  13. A Review & Assessment of Current Operating Conditions Allowable Stresses in ASME Section III Subsection NH

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. W. Swindeman

    2009-12-14

    The current operating condition allowable stresses provided in ASME Section III, Subsection NH were reviewed for consistency with the criteria used to establish the stress allowables and with the allowable stresses provided in ASME Section II, Part D. It was found that the S{sub o} values in ASME III-NH were consistent with the S values in ASME IID for the five materials of interest. However, it was found that 0.80 S{sub r} was less than S{sub o} for some temperatures for four of the materials. Only values for alloy 800H appeared to be consistent with the criteria on which S{sub o} values are established. With the intent of undertaking a more detailed evaluation of issues related to the allowable stresses in ASME III-NH, the availabilities of databases for the five materials were reviewed and augmented databases were assembled.

  14. Fast pulsed operation of a small non-radioactive electron source with continuous emission current control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cochems, P; Kirk, A T; Bunert, E; Runge, M; Goncalves, P; Zimmermann, S

    2015-06-01

    Non-radioactive electron sources are of great interest in any application requiring the emission of electrons at atmospheric pressure, as they offer better control over emission parameters than radioactive electron sources and are not subject to legal restrictions. Recently, we published a simple electron source consisting only of a vacuum housing, a filament, and a single control grid. In this paper, we present improved control electronics that utilize this control grid in order to focus and defocus the electron beam, thus pulsing the electron emission at atmospheric pressure. This allows short emission pulses and excellent stability of the emitted electron current due to continuous control, both during pulsed and continuous operations. As an application example, this electron source is coupled to an ion mobility spectrometer. Here, the pulsed electron source allows experiments on gas phase ion chemistry (e.g., ion generation and recombination kinetics) and can even remove the need for a traditional ion shutter.

  15. Current and Future Impact Risks from Small Debris to Operational Satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liou, Jer-Chyi; Kessler, Don

    2011-01-01

    The collision between Iridium 33 and Cosmos 2251 in 2009 signaled the potential onset of the collision cascade effect, commonly known as the "Kessler Syndrome", in the low Earth orbit (LEO) region. Recent numerical simulations have shown that the 10 cm and larger debris population in LEO will continue to increase even with a good implementation of the commonly-adopted mitigation measures. This increase is driven by collisions involving large and massive intacts, i.e., rocket bodies and spacecraft. Therefore, active debris removal (ADR) of large and massive intacts with high collision probabilities has been argued as a direct and effective means to remediate the environment in LEO. The major risk for operational satellites in the environment, however, comes from impacts with debris just above the threshold of the protection shields. In general, these are debris in the millimeter to centimeter size regime. Although impacts by these objects are insufficient to lead to catastrophic breakup of the entire vehicle, the damage is certainly severe enough to cause critical failure of the key instruments or the entire payload. The focus of this paper is to estimate the impact risks from 5 mm and 1 cm debris to active payloads in LEO (1) in the current environment and (2) in the future environment based on different projection scenarios, including ADR. The goal of the study is to quantify the benefits of ADR in reducing debris impact risks to operational satellites.

  16. Progress toward steady-state tokamak operation exploiting the high bootstrap current fraction regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Q. L.; Garofalo, A. M.; Gong, X. Z.; Holcomb, C. T.; Lao, L. L.; McKee, G. R.; Meneghini, O.; Staebler, G. M.; Grierson, B. A.; Qian, J. P.; Solomon, W. M.; Turnbull, A. D.; Holland, C.; Guo, W. F.; Ding, S. Y.; Pan, C. K.; Xu, G. S.; Wan, B. N.

    2016-06-01

    Recent DIII-D experiments have increased the normalized fusion performance of the high bootstrap current fraction tokamak regime toward reactor-relevant steady state operation. The experiments, conducted by a joint team of researchers from the DIII-D and EAST tokamaks, developed a fully noninductive scenario that could be extended on EAST to a demonstration of long pulse steady-state tokamak operation. Improved understanding of scenario stability has led to the achievement of very high values of βp and βN , despite strong internal transport barriers. Good confinement has been achieved with reduced toroidal rotation. These high βp plasmas challenge the energy transport understanding, especially in the electron energy channel. A new turbulent transport model, named TGLF-SAT1, has been developed which improves the transport prediction. Experiments extending results to long pulse on EAST, based on the physics basis developed at DIII-D, have been conducted. More investigations will be carried out on EAST with more additional auxiliary power to come online in the near term.

  17. Ion properties in a Hall current thruster operating at high voltage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrigues, L.

    2016-04-01

    Operation of a 5 kW-class Hall current Thruster for various voltages from 400 V to 800 V and a xenon mass flow rate of 6 mg s-1 have been studied with a quasi-neutral hybrid model. In this model, anomalous electron transport is fitted from ion mean velocity measurements, and energy losses due to electron-wall interactions are used as a tuned parameter to match expected electron temperature strength for same class of thruster. Doubly charged ions production has been taken into account and detailed collisions between heavy species included. As the electron temperature increases, the main channel of Xe2+ ion production becomes stepwise ionization of Xe+ ions. For an applied voltage of 800 V, the mass utilization efficiency is in the range of 0.8-1.1, and the current fraction of doubly charged ions varies between 0.1 and 0.2. Results show that the region of ion production of each species is located at the same place inside the thruster channel. Because collision processes mean free path is larger than the acceleration region, each type of ions experiences same potential drop, and ion energy distributions of singly and doubly charged are very similar.

  18. An operational coupled wave-current forecasting system for the northern Adriatic Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, A.; Coluccelli, A.; Deserti, M.; Valentini, A.; Benetazzo, A.; Carniel, S.

    2012-04-01

    Since 2005 an Adriatic implementation of the Regional Ocean Modeling System (AdriaROMS) is being producing operational short-term forecasts (72 hours) of some hydrodynamic properties (currents, sea level, temperature, salinity) of the Adriatic Sea at 2 km horizontal resolution and 20 vertical s-levels, on a daily basis. The main objective of AdriaROMS, which is managed by the Hydro-Meteo-Clima Service (SIMC) of ARPA Emilia Romagna, is to provide useful products for civil protection purposes (sea level forecasts, outputs to run other forecasting models as for saline wedge, oil spills and coastal erosion). In order to improve the forecasts in the coastal area, where most of the attention is focused, a higher resolution model (0.5 km, again with 20 vertical s-levels) has been implemented for the northern Adriatic domain. The new implementation is based on the Coupled-Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport Modeling System (COAWST)and adopts ROMS for the hydrodynamic and Simulating WAve Nearshore (SWAN) for the wave module, respectively. Air-sea fluxes are computed using forecasts produced by the COSMO-I7 operational atmospheric model. At the open boundary of the high resolution model, temperature, salinity and velocity fields are provided by AdriaROMS while the wave characteristics are provided by an operational SWAN implementation (also managed by SIMC). Main tidal components are imposed as well, derived from a tidal model. Work in progress is oriented now on the validation of model results by means of extensive comparisons with acquired hydrographic measurements (such as CTDs or XBTs from sea-truth campaigns), currents and waves acquired at observational sites (including those of SIMC, CNR-ISMAR network and its oceanographic tower, located off the Venice littoral) and satellite-derived wave-heights data. Preliminary results on the forecast waves denote how, especially during intense storms, the effect of coupling can lead to significant variations in the wave

  19. Training MSSW Students for Military Social Work Practice and Doctoral Students in Military Resilience Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuMars, Tyler; Bolton, Kristin; Maleku, Arati; Smith-Osborne, Alexa

    2015-01-01

    The demand for social workers with military-related practice and research experience exceeds the current supply. To advance military social work education, we developed an interlevel master's of science in social work (MSSW) field practicum and doctoral research practicum that provides military social work field experiences and contributes to…

  20. Correlational and Differential Influence of Historical Cost and Current Cost Profits on the Operating Capabilities of the Firm

    OpenAIRE

    S. A. Effiong; J. O. Udoayang; A. I. Asuquo

    2011-01-01

    The study investigated the correlation and differential influence of historical cost and current cost profits on the operating capabilities of the firm. The financial statements of thirty-one Nigerian Companies were surveyed and adjusted for effects of price changes using the Consumers¡¯ Price Index (CPI). Correlation influence between the historical cost profits on the operating ability of the firm was measured and established on one hand and that of current cost profit on the other hand. Di...

  1. The impact of partial sleep deprivation on military naval officers' ability to anticipate moral and tactical problems in a simulated maritime combat operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Pallesen, Ståle; Espevik, Roar

    2013-01-01

    The current research investigated how long-term partial sleep deprivation influenced naval officers' ability to generate anticipations of potentially critical problems at the entry of an operation. The study was organised as a balanced experimental design, testing the officers both in a rested and a sleepless condition during a complex naval simulator exercise. The results showed that lack of sleep severely impaired the officers' ability to foresee important problems within both the moral and tactical domain of the operation.These findings indicate that lack of sleep may obstruct planning and preparations in maritime operations in a way that may increase the risk of accidents and fatal errors, which again underscores the importance of sleep and rest as an integrated element of maritime operations and leadership.

  2. Obesity and the US military family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Sbrocco, Tracy; Theim, Kelly R; Cohen, L Adelyn; Mackey, Eleanor R; Stice, Eric; Henderson, Jennifer L; McCreight, Sarah J; Bryant, Edny J; Stephens, Mark B

    2013-11-01

    This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family-several of which are proposed herein. Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations. Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society.

  3. Current status of multimodel superensemble and operational NWP forecast of the Indian summer monsoon

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Akhilesh Kumar Mishra; T N Krishnamurti

    2007-10-01

    In the last thirty years great strides have been made by large-scale operational numerical weather prediction models towards improving skills for the medium range time-scale of 7 days.This paper illustrates the use of these current forecasts towards the construction of a consensus multimodel forecast product called the superensemble.This procedure utilizes 120 of the recent-past forecasts from these models to arrive at the training phase statistics. These statistics are described by roughly 107 weights.Use of these weights provides the possibility for real-time medium range forecasts with the superensemble.We show the recent status of this procedure towards real-time forecasts for the Asian summer monsoon.The member models of our suite include ECMWF,NCEP/EMC, JMA,NOGAPS (US Navy),BMRC,RPN (Canada)and an FSU global spectral forecast model. We show in this paper the skill scores for day 1 through day 6 of forecasts from standard variables such as winds,temperature,500 hPa geopotential height,sea level pressure and precipitation.In all cases we noted that the superensemble carries a higher skill compared to each of the member models and their ensemble mean.The skill matrices we use include the RMS errors,the anomaly correlations and equitable threat scores.For many of these forecasts the improvements of skill for the superensemble over the best model was found to be quite substantial.This real-time product is being provided to many interested research groups.The FSU multimodel superensemble,in real- time,stands out for providing the least errors among all of the operational large scale models.

  4. The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre: current status, developments, operations, and strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenarro, A. J.; Moles, M.; Marín-Franch, A.; Cristóbal-Hornillos, D.; Yanes Díaz, A.; Ederoclite, A.; Varela, J.; Vázquez-Ramió, H.; Valdivielso, L.; Benítez, N.; Cepa, J.; Dupke, R.; Fernández-Soto, A.; Mendes de Oliveira, C.; Sodré, L.; Taylor, K.; Rueda-Teruel, S.; Rueda-Teruel, F.; Luis-Simoes, R.; Chueca, S.; Antón, J. L.; Bello, R.; Díaz-Martín, M. C.; Guillén-Civera, L.; Hernández-Fuertes, J.; Iglesias-Marzoa, R.; Jiménez-Mejías, D.; Lasso-Cabrera, N. M.; López-Alegre, G.; López-Sainz, A.; Rodríguez-Hernández, M. A. C.; Suárez, O.; Lamadrid, J. L.; Maícas, N.; Abril-Ibañez, J.; Tilve, V.; Rodríguez-Llano, S.

    2014-08-01

    fully operative. This paper aims to present a brief description and status of the OAJ main installations, telescopes and cameras. The current development and operation plan of the OAJ in terms of staffing organization, resources, observation scheduling, and data archiving, is also described.

  5. Torque harmonics of an asynchronous motor supplied by a voltage- or current-sourced inverter quasi-square operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kyyrae, J. [Helsinki University of Technology, Institute of Intelligent Power Electronics, Espoo (Finland)

    1997-12-31

    Voltage- and current-sourced dc-ac converters operating in quasi-square area are compared. Their characteristics are calculated with switching vector, which is space-vector of switching functions. When the load is an asynchronous motor various analytical equations, including torque, are calculated efficiently. Motor current and torque approximations are compared with the simulated ones. (orig.) 6 refs.

  6. The Operator Product Expansion between the 16 Lowest Higher Spin Currents in the N=4 Superspace

    CERN Document Server

    Ahn, Changhyun

    2015-01-01

    Some of the operator product expansions (OPEs) between the lowest 16 higher spin currents of spins (1, 3/2, 3/2, 3/2, 3/2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 3) in an extension of the large N=4 linear superconformal algebra were constructed in the N=4 superconformal coset SU(5)/SU(3) theory previously. In this paper, by rewriting the above OPEs in the N=4 superspace developed by Schoutens (and other groups), the remaining undetermined OPEs where the corresponding singular terms possess the composite fields with spins s =7/2, 4, 9/2, 5 are completely determined. Furthermore, by introducing the arbitrary coefficients in front of the composite fields in the right hand sides of the above complete 136 OPEs, reexpressing them in the N=2 superspace and using the N=2 OPEs mathematica package by Krivonos and Thielemans, the complete structures of the above OPEs with fixed coefficient functions are obtained with the help of various Jacobi identities. Then one obtains ten N=2 super OPEs between the four N=2 higher sp...

  7. Current gaps in understanding and predicting space weather: An operations perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murtagh, W. J.

    2016-12-01

    The NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC), one of the nine National Weather Service (NWS) National Centers for Environmental Prediction, is the Nation's official source for space weather alerts and warnings. Space weather effects the technology that forms the backbone of global economic vitality and national security, including satellite and airline operations, communications networks, and the electric power grid. Many of SWPC's over 48,000 subscribers rely on space weather forecasts for critical decision making. But extraordinary gaps still exist in our ability to meet customer needs for accurate and timely space weather forecasts and warnings. The 2015 National Space Weather Strategy recognizes that it is imperative that we improve the fundamental understanding of space weather and increase the accuracy, reliability, and timeliness of space-weather observations and forecasts in support of the growing demands. In this talk we provide a broad perspective of the key challenges that currently limit the forecaster's ability to better understand and predict space weather. We also examine the impact of these limitations on the end-user community.

  8. Simplified Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Permanent Magnet Brushless Direct Current Motors for Sensorless Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Kaliappan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In this study, a simplified modeling and experimental analysis of Permanent Magnet Brushless DC (PMBLDC motors for Sensorless operation using MATLAB/SIMULINK. This model provides a mechanism for monitoring and controlling the voltage, current, speed and torque response. Approach: BLDC motor is modeled as sub-blocks. The inverter and switching function are implemented as S-function builder block. The Sensorless scheme employs direct back emf based zero crossing detection technique. Results: The proposed model with Sensorless control technique with back emf zero crossing detection is tested in the BLDC Motor and the performance was evaluated. The simulated and experimental results show that the proposed modeling works quite well during starting and running conditions. Conclusion/Recommendation: The developed model consists of several independent sub-blocks, that can be used in the modeling of Permanent Magnet Sinusoidal Motor and induction motor. Hence the developed simulation model is a design tool to study the dynamic behavior of Sensorless Controlled Brushless DC Motor.

  9. High-Current Bus Splice Resistances and Implications for the Operating Energy of the LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Koratzinos, M; Charifoulline, Z; Dahlerup-Petersen, K; Denz, R; Flora, R H; Pfeffer, H; Scheuerlein, C; Schmidt, R; Siemko, A; Strait, J; Verweij, A

    2010-01-01

    At each interconnection between LHC main magnets a low-resistance solder joint must be made between superconducting cables in order to provide a continuous current path through the superconductor and also to the surrounding copper stabilizer in case the cable quenches [1]. About 10,000 such joints exist in the LHC. An extensive campaign has been undertaken to characterize and map the resistances of these joints. All of the superconducting cable splices were measured at 1.9 K and no splices were found with a resistance larger than 3 nW. Non-invasive measurements of the stabilizer joints were made at 300 K in 5 of the 8 sectors, and at 80 K in 3 sectors. More precise local measurements were made on suspect interconnects that were opened up, and poor joints were repaired. However, it is likely that additional imperfect stabilizer joints still exist in the LHC. A statistical analysis is used to place bounds on the remaining worst-case resistances. This sets limits on the maximum operating energy of the LHC, prior...

  10. High-Precision Multi-Wave Rectifier Circuit Operating in Low Voltage + 1.5 Volt Current Mode

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bancha Burapattanasiri

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is present high-precision multi-wave rectifier circuit operating in low voltage +/- 1.5 Volt current modes by CMOS technology 0.5 μm, receive input and give output in current mode, respond at high frequency period. The structure compound with high-speed current comparator circuit, current mirror circuit, and CMOS inverter circuit. PSpice program used for confirmation the performance of testing. The PSpice program shows operating of circuit is able to working at maximum input current 400 μAp-p, maximum frequency responding 200 MHz, high precision and low power losses, and non-precision zero crossing output signal.Keywords-component; rectifier circuit; high-precision; low voltage; current mode;

  11. Adaptive Hybrid Fuzzy-Proportional Plus Crisp-Integral Current Control Algorithm for Shunt Active Power Filter Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Farahaida Abdul Rahman

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available An adaptive hybrid fuzzy-proportional plus crisp-integral current control algorithm (CCA for regulating supply current and enhancing the operation of a shunt active power filter (SAPF is presented. It introduces a unique integration of fuzzy-proportional (Fuzzy-P and crisp-integral (Crisp-I current controllers. The Fuzzy-P current controller is developed to perform gain tuning procedure and proportional control action. This controller inherits the simplest configuration; it is constructed using a single-input single-output fuzzy rule configuration. Thus, an execution of few fuzzy rules is sufficient for the controller’s operation. Furthermore, the fuzzy rule is developed using the relationship of currents only. Hence, it simplifies the controller development. Meanwhile, the Crisp-I current controller is developed to perform integral control action using a controllable gain value; to improve the steady-state control mechanism. The gain value is modified and controlled using the Fuzzy-P current controller’s output variable. Therefore, the gain value will continuously be adjusted at every sample period (or throughout the SAPF operation. The effectiveness of the proposed CCA in regulating supply current is validated in both simulation and experimental work. All results have proven that the SAPF using the proposed CCA is capable to regulate supply current during steady-state and dynamic-state operations. At the same time, the SAPF is able to enhance its operation in compensating harmonic currents and reactive power. Furthermore, the implementation of the proposed CCA has resulted more stable dc-link voltage waveform.

  12. Sound Military Decision

    Science.gov (United States)

    1942-01-01

    out its continuance. Habitual and studied adherence to the chain of com- mand in administrative matters, in consultation, in the ex- change of...each other. The Fundamental Military Principie , as a va!id guide, encounters no exception in the field it purports to cover. As a practical guide, it...do with the characteristic operations of the command, rather thhan of the commander; they there- fore relate to such matters as routine administration

  13. Current Aeromedical Issues in Rotary Wing Operations. (Problemes actuels de medecine aeronautique poses par les operations utilisant des voilures tournantes)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-08-01

    accident, the other had early ankylosing malformation (eg spondylolisthesis) and previous spinal spondylitis . surgery. The current locations of all...Caldwell, K.A. Roberts and H.D. Jones The Effects of Exercise Versus Napping on Alertness and Mood in Sleep-Deprived Aviators 28 by P.A. LeDuc, J.A...for aircrew and passengers involved of Zolpiden and exercise on the performance of in mishaps. It was made by an analysis of sleep deprived pilots

  14. Intelligence Fusion for Combined Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-03

    doctrine on intelligence in combined operations, the lessons learned from the most recent combined operations, the current state of intelligence fision ...control of nuclear weapons and arms proliferation in the former Soviet Union.’ In Asia, the United States maintains a military presence in support of...emanating from other than nuclear or radioactive sources. Individual Reports Database - The portion of the LOCE database consisting of entity data records

  15. Africa’s Oil Coast: How the Region’s Strategic Importance May Cause Operational Challenges for AFRICOM as Currently Constructed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    Task Force Horn of Africa CMO Civil Military Operations CN-LEA Counter- Narco Terrorism and Law Enforcement Assistance Division DIA Defense...Advancing Stability and Reconciliation in Guinea-Bissau: Lessons from Africa’s First Narco -State,” (June 2013): 1. 25...significant role in the WACSI program. The command has established a Counter Narco -Terrorism and Law Enforcement Assistance Division (CN-LEA) to help reduce

  16. Military Government

    Science.gov (United States)

    1949-07-01

    Public finance -------------------~·---------------------22 Civilian protection -------------------------------------23 Public health and sanitation...22. PUBLIC. ~INANCE.~q. Basic "planning data for public finance in- clude-- (1) ·rrax·ation systems: - .(2)- ~ethods of_tpaking appropriations.- ( 3...Probable ·adequacy- of public funds. (.4) Administrative .. _ organization for_ public finance sections. b. Military government -staff sections

  17. 关于军训学生军纪认同现状的调查与分析%Investigation and Analysis on the Current Situation of the Training Students' Military Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    敖贵才

    2016-01-01

    文章通过问卷和访谈,从实证角度揭示军训学生对军纪要求的认同现状及原因。通过对比军训学生在军训前后学生军纪认同各维度的变化,得出军训后学生“观念与认知、他律与自律、教化与内化”三个维度提高较大,“遵守与执行、忠诚与归属”两个维度提高较小等研究结论。%Through the questionnaire and interviews, this paper announces the current situation of training students' military requirements and the causes from the demonstration perspective. By comparing the changes of each dimension of the training students' military identification before and after military training, it is obtained that the three dimensions of "concept and cognition, heteronomy and self-discipline, enlightenment and internalization"have great improvement, the two dimensions of "compliance and enforcement, loyalty and belonging"have small improvement.

  18. 军事逆向物流的战略需求、实施及其运作模式%Strategic Demand, Implementation and Operational Mode of Reverse Military Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊智涛; 潘世举; 梁颖祥

    2016-01-01

    军事逆向物流是军队现代化建设的重要内容,是提升军队战斗力的重要手段.分析了军事逆向物流的战略需求,在此基础上对军事逆向物流战略的实施从五个方面进行了重点分析探讨,指出了其中应该注意的问题,同时对军事逆向物流的运作模式进行了探讨,分析了两种运作模式的特点、机制及其缺点,最后进行了总结,指出了军事逆向物流模式的选择中应该考虑的因素.%The reverse military logistics system is an important part in the modern army construction and an important means to improve the combat capability of the Chinese army. In this paper, we analyzed the strategic demand of the reverse military logistics system, then on such basis, focuses on five aspects in the implementation of the reverse military logistics strategy, pointed out the existing problems, discussed its operational mode, analyzed and compared the characteristics, working mechanism and shortcomings of two popular operational modes, and at the end, concluded on the factors to be considered in the selection of the reverse military logistics modes.

  19. Exclusion and Inclusion in the Danish Military

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhr, Sara Louise; Sløk-Andersen, Beate

    2017-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine why and how past stories of women’s insufficiency for military work survive and how they come to form a gendered organizational narrative dominant in constructing current opinions on women in the military. Design/methodology/approach The analysis...... a historically produced gender narrative – based on (fictional) stories on what women can and cannot do – is perceived as true and thereby casts women as less suitable for a military career. Thus, despite the current equal legal rights of men and women in the military, the power of the narrative limits female...

  20. The current status of procedural sedation for pediatric patients in out-of-operating room locations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havidich, Jeana E; Cravero, Joseph P

    2012-08-01

    To illustrate the changes that are occurring in the rapidly growing field of pediatric sedation. In the USA and throughout the world, children receive sedation from a multitude of specialists with varying levels of training. The current pediatric sedation literature reflects a growing body of sedation literature by medical specialists other than anesthesiologists. This article will review the controversial use of propofol by nonanesthesiologists and the manner in which this varied group of providers along with government entities, regulatory agencies, and national organizations contribute to the continuing evolution of sedation practices. The number of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed on children outside of the operating room continues to increase. The growing body of pediatric sedation literature suggests anesthesiologists are no longer at the forefront of pediatric sedation training, education, and research. Articles published by nonanesthesiologists describe pediatric sedation services, safety, and quality initiatives, drugs, and original sedation research. Medications that were considered under the realm of anesthesiologists are utilized by nonanesthesiologists to provide sedation to children. Regulating and government agencies, including the Joint Commission and the Center for Medicaid and Medicare Services have recently issued statements on the oversight and practice of sedation. The direction of pediatric sedation is no longer solely under the leadership of anesthesiologists. The use of anesthetic agents, including propofol, have been administered by nonanesthesiologists and reported as safe and effective agents. Nonanesthesiologists and governmental and regulatory agencies influence the delivery of sedation services. The future direction of pediatric sedation will ultimately depend upon the ability of anesthesiologists to collaborate with specialists, hospital administrators, credentialing committees, and oversight agencies in order to

  1. INCREASE THE RESOURCE OF CURRENT COLLECTOR ELEMENTS OF THE ELECTRIFIED HIGH-SPEED TRANSPORT IN OPERATING CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. L. Bolshakov

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The paper is aimed to determinate the main ways of increasing resource efficiency and exploitation of coal current collector surface inserts of speed electric rolling stock. Methodology. The research is based on the technique relies on the use of theory regulations of technical systems reliability, electromechanical processes, theory of statistics. Findings. The existing approaches to the production of current collector surface inserts in Europe and Ukraine were considered, a number of information sources was analyzed. The most effective ways of increasing current carrying capacity and wear resistance of current collector elements were determined. It has been established that the existing system for determining the quality of manufacturing of current collector elements have a number of drawbacks that make it difficult to control the input and makes diagnosing current collecting elements in operation impossible. On the basis of the facts, for the needs of the locomotive depot, we propose a new booth allowing avoiding the existing difficulties with diagnosing of current collector elements. During the study were established pervasive transgressions of technological standards of service pantographs. Originality. Based on the results of operational research carried out on the basis of the locomotive depot, obtained depending, based on which, it is proposed to introduce an operative diagnosing system of the current collector elements state during operation. In the course of a comparative analysis of existing and perspective development directions of current collector elements with high load current carrying capacity and durability, were definited constructive conditions for the optimal ratio is inserts. It was established that a significant proportion of failures occur due to imperfect maintenance system for which, on the basis of operational data, recommendations were developed. Practical value. Obtained results of the information sources

  2. Civil Military Operations In Ecuador

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    and demanded Bucaram’s resignation. The next day, the Coordinadora Política de Mujeres Ecuatorianas joined the fray, and on February 5, multitudes in...34, Christian Science Monitor, 23, Jul 2002. 101 "La violencia en los ültimos meses en Sucumbios", El Comercio, 28 of January of 2003 102 "La poca...107 "La violencia en los últomos meses en Sucumbios", El Comercio, 28 January of 2003 66 Ríos, Galápagos and the

  3. International Law and Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Crimes Under Flags of Convenience: In a Depressed Shipping Market, Poor Nations Sell Flags for Criminal Ventures, 127 MARITIME STUDIES, Nov.-Dec...Planck Institute for International Law at Heidelberg (Germany), a Meltzer Visiting Professor of Inter- national Law at New York University and a

  4. Prolonged time course of glutamate-operated single channel currents in neuromuscular preparations of small crayfish and a membrane current triggered by glutamate channel gating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, W; Martin, C; Pareto, A

    1988-08-31

    Single channel currents activated by glutamate were recorded by means of the patch-clamp technique in the abdominal superficial extensor muscle and the claw opener muscle of small (1-3 months old) and large (greater than 16 months old) crayfish. It was found that in small crayfish the time course of glutamate-operated single channel currents was prolonged by a factor of about 4 in these two preparations. In the abdominal superficial extensor muscle, single channel currents activated by 5 mmol/l glutamate had a mean burst length of tau = 2-3 ms in large crayfish and a mean burst length of tau = 8-9 ms in small crayfish. In the claw opener, for large crayfish tau congruent to 0.5 ms and for small crayfish tau = 1.5-2.5 ms resulted (500 mumol/l glutamate). Moreover, single channel currents with long time courses often slowly increased their amplitudes during the open time of the channel and current amplitudes did not decline completely to the baseline after channel closing. In addition, single channel currents with relatively constant amplitude were often followed by a small increasing and decreasing membrane current. The latter results suggest that glutamate channel gating might trigger a membrane current.

  5. 蛹虫草国内外研究的新进展%Current advance on the research of Cordyceps militaris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑壮丽; 黄春花; 梅彩英; 韩日畴

    2011-01-01

    Cordyceps militaris is a traditional Chinese medicine with useful advantages on medicinal functions and industrial development. The present paper summarizes the research advance on artificial culture, strain breeding, molecular biology, and active components of pharmacological effect of C. militaris.%蛹虫草Cordyceps militaris具有多种药用功效,以及重要的经济价值,其人工培养已产业化.蛹虫草作为一种药食通用的虫生真菌被深入研究,在人工培养、菌种选育、分子生物学、活性成分等方面取得了良好的进展.本文根据最近的研究结果概述蛹虫草研究的进展.

  6. The Transgender Military Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Dietert

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Although there have been studies that focus on the experiences of the gay and lesbian population serving in the United States military, few have focused on the experience of active duty transgender service members. Transgender individuals transgress the binary conception of gender by deviating from societal gender norms associated with assigned sex at birth. The Department of Defense has set policies and standards that reflect a binary conception of gender, with a focus on conformity. We argue that able-bodied gender variant service personnel are just as capable of serving their country as anyone else. Because of the repercussions associated with active duty transgender military personnel, our sample is small and involves nine clandestine service members and two international service members who wanted to share their stories from a different perspective. Snowball sampling was aimed at finding current active duty and reserve transgender service members. Using a combination of telephone interviews and questionnaires, data were collected from active duty transgender service personnel throughout the United States and two from international militaries that allow transgender people to serve. Data collection focused on the overall experiences of the participants along with questions regarding workplace discrimination, suggestions for policy changes, and their views about the overturn of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell. Our findings add to a growing source of information about the transgender military experience in the U.S. armed forces and the importance of overturning discriminatory workplace policies that negatively impact transgender service members.

  7. Risk Factors for Relapse to Problem Drinking Among Current and Former US Military Personnel: A Prospective Study of the Millennium Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-03

    Service members who were in the Reserve /National Guard compared with active-duty members (odds ratio [OR] =1.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.45- 2.01...recruitment panel, a weighted sample f active duty and Reserve /National Guard personnel serving in the military as of ctober 2000. Personnel deployed to...Force), service component (active duty, Reserve /National Guard), occupation (combat specialist, health care, other) and pay grade (junior enlisted [E00

  8. Military Officer Personnel Management: Key Concepts and Statutory Provisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-10

    Military Officer Personnel Management : Key Concepts and Statutory Provisions Lawrence Kapp Specialist in Military Manpower Policy May 10......Congressional Research Service Summary Congress and the executive branch are currently considering changes to the officer personnel management system

  9. Current Sharing inside a High Power IGBT Module at the Negative Temperature Coefficient Operating Region

    CERN Document Server

    Asimakopoulos, Panagiotis; Bongiorno, M; Thiringer, T

    2016-01-01

    This work investigates the current sharing effect of a high power Soft Punch Through IGBT module in the Negative Temperature Coefficient region. The unbalanced current sharing between two of the substrates is demonstrated for different current and temperature levels and its impact on the thermal stressing of the device is evaluated. The results indicate that the current asymmetry does not lead to a significant thermal stressing unbalance between the substrates.

  10. UN Peacebuilding Operations

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Civil-Military Coordination and UN Peacebuilding Operations actors, including but not ..... (b) the military unit is deployed as part of an integrated civilian-military- ..... ians and those no longer taking part in hostilities, and the provision of food, water .... providing transport and manpower, engineering support, equipment like.

  11. Marines in the Boxer Rebellion as a Model for Current Marine Corps Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    Security Group ....................................................................... 45 Marine Corps Operations during the Cold War ...47 vii Post- Cold War Operations...naval gun crews in most of the major naval battles of the war .17 After the Civil War , the Marine Corps returned to Asia in support of national

  12. Elastic electron-deuteron scattering and two-body current operators in the Light-Front Hamiltonian Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Frederico, Tobias; Pace, Emanuele; Salme`, Giovanni

    2010-01-01

    The electromagnetic properties of the deuteron are investigated within a Light-Front Hamiltonian Dynamics framework, with a current operator that contains both one-body and two-body contributions. In this work, we are considering new two-body contributions, with a dynamical nature generated within a Yukawa model and a structure inspired by a recent analysis of the current operator, that acts on the three-dimensional valence component and fulfills the Ward-Takahashi identity. Preliminary results for the magnetic moment are shown.

  13. 非战争军事行动中军队医院机动卫勤分队模块化抽组的建设思考%Think about constructing modular pumping grouping of military hospital's mobile medical units in the military operations other than war

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵从林; 李思睿

    2015-01-01

    In the military operations other than war(MOOTW),the ability and efficiency of mobile medical units of military hospitals in performing medical tasks depend on the convenience and accuracy of modular pumping grouping. The modularity approach is an effective method in dealing with complicated tasks. In an attempt to illustrate the complex problem of pumping grouping in the modular approach through combining the modularization principle and mobile medical unit pumping grouping ,this research has been an useful endeavor to improve the medical capacity of mobile medical units in military hospitals.%在非战争军事行动背景下,军队综合性医院机动卫勤分队遂行卫勤保障任务的效率和能力,取决于模块化抽组的便捷性和准确性。模块化是处理复杂问题的有效方法之一,本文将模块化原理和机动卫勤分队抽组有机结合起来,试图把复杂的抽组问题通过模块化方式得以阐述,为提高军队医院机动卫勤分队卫勤保障能力进行尝试。

  14. The European Union and Military Conflict Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    This book provides the first comprehensive review of the European Union’s role in military conflict management beyond its borders and makes an important contribution to debates on the EU’s role in global security governance. The EU has launched five military operations within the framework of its...... Common Security and Defence Policy with the explicit purpose to help manage violent conflicts beyond its borders. This book develops a definition and a set of criteria for success in military conflict management and applies this new analytical framework in a comparative case study of the five EU military...... operations undertaken in Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad and the Central African Republic. Having evaluated their success the book goes on to explore the conditions under which military conflict management operations conducted by international organizations...

  15. Team spirit makes the difference : The interactive effects of team work engagement and organizational constraints during a military operation on psychological outcomes afterwards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boermans, S.M.; Kamphuis, W.; Delahaij, R.; Berg, C. van den; Euwema, M.C.

    2014-01-01

    This article prospectively explores the effects of collective team work engagement and organizational constraints during military deployment on individual-level psychological outcomes afterwards. Participants were 971 Dutch peacekeepers within 93 teams who were deployed between the end of 2008 and b

  16. Influenza Risk Management: Lessons Learned from an A(H1N1) pdm09 Outbreak Investigation in an Operational Military Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-10

    Olalla Peralta P, et al.. Pandemic Influenza (H 1 N 1) 2009 Outbreak in a Military Academy: start of community circulation in Spain. Rev Esp Salud ... Publica 84(5):597-607 5. Kapp L, Jansen DJ (2009) The role of the Department of Defense during a flu pandemic. Washington (DC): CRS Report for Congress

  17. Injuries due to firearms and air guns among U.S. military members not participating in overseas combat operations, 2002-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    During 2002-2011, active component U.S. service members sustained 4,657 firearm-related injuries in circumstances other than deployment to the wars in Iraq/Afghanistan; 35 percent of the injuries were fatal. The highest firearm-related injury rates reflected service members in law enforcement/security and combat occupations. Of fatal injuries, 28 percent and 24 percent were suicides and homicides, respectively; among service members 30 and older, 84 percent of noncombat firearm-related deaths were suicides and 14 percent were homicides. In circumstances other than war, rates of both fatal and nonfatal firearm- related injuries are much lower among military members than civilian males aged 18-44. During the period, rates of nonfatal firearm-related injuries among non-deployed military members increased sharply, peaking in 2008. The trend reflects that among U.S. civilian males aged 18-44. However, firearm-related fatality rates were stable among civilians but increased among military members. The increase in rates of firearm-related fatalities among non-deployed military members reflects the increase in rates of suicides by firearms. Rates of injuries due to BB, pellet or paintball guns also increased during the period.

  18. Team spirit makes the difference : The interactive effects of team work engagement and organizational constraints during a military operation on psychological outcomes afterwards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boermans, S.M.; Kamphuis, W.; Delahaij, R.; Berg, C. van den; Euwema, M.C.

    2014-01-01

    This article prospectively explores the effects of collective team work engagement and organizational constraints during military deployment on individual-level psychological outcomes afterwards. Participants were 971 Dutch peacekeepers within 93 teams who were deployed between the end of 2008 and

  19. Assessment of salivary biomarkers for stress induced by military operations in thermal environments%唾液生物标志物用于热环境军事作业负荷评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卡; 游嘉; 张乾勇; 朱俊东; 刘戟环; 郎和东; 糜漫天

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate whether salivary amylase( AMS ), salivary cortisol( SC ), and chromogranin A ( CgA ) in saliva can be used as biological markers of military stress in a thermal environment. Methods Eighty young male soldiers were randomly divided into low intensity group, moderate intensity group, high intensity group, and heavy intensity group. Saliva was collected before and after one hour's military march in a thermal environment. Salivary AMS,SC and CgA contents were detected by ELISA method and the correlations between the changes of such indexes and the military operation intensity were analyzed using Spearman's statistic method. Results After military operations in a thermal environment, the contents of SC,AMS and CgA in all experiment groups were significantly increased. According to Spearman's correlation analysis, changes of SC after military operations had significant positive correlations with the physical activity level( r = 0. 923 , P < 0.05 )while there were no significant correlations in SC or AMS. Conclusion SC, CgA and AMS can reflect the military stress state and SC has the potential to be used as the biomarker for stress induced by military operations in a thermal environment.%目的 探讨人体唾液中唾液淀粉酶(salivary amylase,AMS)、嗜铬粒蛋白A(chromogranin A,CgA)和唾液皮质醇(salivary cortisol,SC)是否可作为反映湿热环境军事作业负荷的生物学标志物.方法 选取热区部队80名士兵为研究对象,随机分为4组,分别在湿热环境下进行1 h的轻度、中度、重度、极重度劳动强度军事作业以诱导军事应激.在作业前和作业结束后即刻收集唾液,运用ELISA检测试剂盒测定AMS、CgA和SC含量,并进一步采用Spearman法分析上述指标作业前后含量变化与军事作业强度的相关性.结果 与作业前相比,各组AMS、CgA和SC在军事作业后均显著升高.作业前后AMS、CgA改变在不同作业强度组无显著差异,而作业后SC

  20. The Systems Approach to Transform the Capabilities of Military Logistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lis Andrzej

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to analyze the potential and challenges of applying the systems approach to transform military logistics as an element of the armed forces development program. First of all, the structure of the military logistic system is identified and discussed. Secondly, the principles governing military logistics are studied in order to point out the requirements for a military logistic system. Thirdly, the operational capability based approach to transform and develop contemporary armed forces is considered. Finally, the systems approach to develop the capabilities of military logistics is operationalized and the tools supporting the planning of the military logistic system development are proposed.

  1. Dependence of a railgun operation on a current rise time; Railgun dosa no kudo denryu tachiagari izonsei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katsuki, S.; Sueda, T.; Akiyama, H. [Kumamoto University, Kumamoto (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1997-08-20

    Railguns are facilities to accelerate projectiles up to several km/s by the electromagnetic force due to a driving current. A variety of current waveforms are used for railguns developed in the world. This paper describes the dependence of a railgun operation on a rising rate of the driving current. The use of the exploding wire as an opening switch enables to change the rise time of the driving current. A secondary arc is likely to appear and the erosion on a rail surface is more severe when the current with a short rise time is used. According to the non-dimensional railgun plasma simulation, the current with a short rise time heats up the plasma so fast that plenty of particles ablated from the bore surface, which seem to be the cause of the secondary arc, increase rapidly in the early phase of acceleration. 18 refs., 14 figs.

  2. Military Preparedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    United States Army War College Department of Command, Leadership , and Management Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, PA Military Preparednessa Dr...Readiness Management Systems A 1991 RAND study differentiated several readiness appraisals, each constituting a “pillar” of readiness management that...The question seems a simple one at the national level, but in defense management practice it is actually two questions rolled into one, and the

  3. Designing a Serious Game for Military Ethics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muller, T.J.; Visschedijk, G.C.

    2014-01-01

    Military personnel of all ranks and on all levels will encounter ethicaldilemmas during their career. Ethical dilemmas may occur in day-to-day business and, more importantly, during military operations, in which certain decisions may mean a difference between life and death. In order to prepare

  4. Additive Manufacturing (AM) in Expeditionary Operations: Current Needs, Technical Challenges, and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    It is also in the digital space that many of the issues and opportunities surrounding AM exist. Cyber security , the digital safeguarding of models and...Any discussion involving the digital space needs to include a discussion of security and operating in a hostile environment like the cyber world is...need to prepare for those operations by building and testing multiple iterations of draft 3D model repositories. Cyber - security will have to be woven

  5. One-loop renormalization of fermionic currents with the overlap-Dirac operator

    CERN Document Server

    Alexandrou, C; Panagopoulos, H; Vicari, E

    2000-01-01

    We compute the one-loop lattice renormalization of the two-quark operators$\\bar{\\psi} \\Gamma \\psi$, where $\\Gamma$ denotes the generic Dirac matrix, forthe lattice formulation of QCD using the overlap-Dirac operator. We also study the renormalization of quark bilinears which are more extendedand have better chiral properties. Finally, we present improved estimates of these renormalization constants,coming from cactus resummation and from mean field perturbation theory.

  6. The European Union and Military Conflict Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    This book provides the first comprehensive review of the European Union’s role in military conflict management beyond its borders and makes an important contribution to debates on the EU’s role in global security governance. The EU has launched five military operations within the framework of its...... operations undertaken in Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad and the Central African Republic. Having evaluated their success the book goes on to explore the conditions under which military conflict management operations conducted by international organizations...

  7. Trial by Jury in Russian Military Courts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolai P. Kovalev

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available One of peculiar features of the military criminal justice system in Russia is that in some cases military defendants may apply for trial by jury. Unlike the existing U.S. court-martial jury and the Russian military jury of the early 1900s (World War I period which were comprised of the members of the armed forces, in modern Russia jurors trying military defendants are civilians. This article aims to provide a brief history of military jury in Russia and identify issues of independence and impartiality in Russian military courts with participation of lay decision-makers. In particular, the article will analyze two high-profile cases which resulted in acquittals of Russian officers accused of killing several Chechen civilians during counter-terrorist operations in Chechnya.

  8. Delivery Time Variance Reduction in the Military Supply Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    DELIVERY TIME VARIANCE REDUCTION IN THE MILITARY SUPPLY CHAIN THESIS...IN THE MILITARY SUPPLY CHAIN THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of Operational Sciences Graduate School of Engineering...March 2010 APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED. AFIT-OR-MS-ENS-10-02 DELIVERY TIME VARIANCE IN THE MILITARY SUPPLY CHAIN Preston

  9. The Use of Dexamethasone in Support of High-Altitude Ground Operations: Review of the Literature & Current Training of U.S. Special Operations Medical Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-14

    8) 8 mg twice daily starting the day before the ascent to 4,559 m throughout the 2-day study Dexamethasone improved VO2 - max (pɘ.05) and...4,559 m Dexamethasone improved VO2 - max (p=0.025); no significant difference existed in arterial O2 saturation during maximal exercise...AFRL-SA-WP-SR-2013-0006 The Use of Dexamethasone in Support of High-Altitude Ground Operations: Review of the Literature & Current

  10. Direct Experimental Evidence for Current-Transfer Mode Operation of Nested Tungsten Wire Arrays at 16 19 MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuneo, M. E.; Sinars, D. B.; Bliss, D. E.; Waisman, E. M.; Porter, J. L.; Stygar, W. A.; Lebedev, S. V.; Chittenden, J. P.; Sarkisov, G. S.; Afeyan, B. B.

    2005-06-01

    Nested tungsten wire arrays (20-mm on 12-mm diam.) are shown for the first time to operate in a current-transfer mode at 16 19 MA, even for azimuthal interwire gaps of 0.2 mm that are the smallest typically used for any array experiment. After current transfer, the inner wire array shows discrete wire ablation and implosion characteristics identical to that of a single array, such as axially nonuniform ablation, delayed acceleration, and trailing mass and current. The presence of trailing mass from the outer and the inner arrays may play a role in determining nested array performance.

  11. Personality Factors Underlying Suicidal Behavior Among Military Youth

    OpenAIRE

    Soltaninejad, Abdollah; Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali; Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh; Mirsharafoddini, Hediye Sadat; Nikmorad, Alireza; Pilevarzadeh, Motahare

    2014-01-01

    Background: Suicidal behavior is one the most significant mental health problems in the military. Militaries are closed systems that operate in particular situations. Military service is associated with certain stressful conditions. On this basis, there is likely of trauma in the military environment. Measures of suicidal behavior are pathologically complex. A range of biological, psychological, social, and institutional factors are involved in the incidence and prevalence of these behaviors....

  12. Personality Factors Underlying Suicidal Behavior Among Military Youth

    OpenAIRE

    Soltaninejad, Abdollah; Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali; Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh; Mirsharafoddini, Hediye Sadat; Nikmorad, Alireza; Pilevarzadeh, Motahare

    2014-01-01

    Background: Suicidal behavior is one the most significant mental health problems in the military. Militaries are closed systems that operate in particular situations. Military service is associated with certain stressful conditions. On this basis, there is likely of trauma in the military environment. Measures of suicidal behavior are pathologically complex. A range of biological, psychological, social, and institutional factors are involved in the incidence and prevalence of these behaviors....

  13. Epidemiological Investigation of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Military Personnel after Military Operation%军人军事行动创伤后应激障碍的流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢家春; 呼永河; 王文春; 陈喆思; 张安仁; 卢豪; 江玥; 袁青; 庞日朝; 王倩

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in military personnel 3 months after a military exercise and the related factors. Methods Structured questionnaire and psychological scale assessment were applied to 690 sol-diers 3 months after a military exercise in relative factor investigation during the period from April, 2011 to July, 2014;for those with high cut-off points in the primary screen by PTSD checklist-military version (PCL-M),a one-to-one interview was carried out by psychia-trists, and the diagnosis of PTSD was confirmed based on DSM-IV;logistic regression analysis was made to the materials with the soft-ware SPSS13.0. Results 690 soldiers were enrolled in the investigation while 637 questionnaires were effective, and there were 30 cases of confirmed diagnosis of PTSD, taking up 4.71%;positive individual psychological symptoms, including somatization, obsessive-com-pulsive, depression, anxiety, interpersonal relationship, hostility, fright, paranoid idea and psychoticism, were statistically different from those of Chinese male norm (P<0.05);the factors impacting mental health were:only child, living in cities and towns, low service satis-faction, failing to get economic help when having difficulties, injury, too heavy exercise task, dissatisfied with the superior instruction;stressful events had no impact on individual character in a short time (P<0.05). Conclusions The occurrence of PTSD in military person-nel 3 months after military exercises is higher than that in norm;it is necessary to strengthen the psychological protection and crisis inter-vention.%目的:了解某部参加军事演习的官兵3个月后创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)的患病率及相关因素。方法2011年4月—2014年7月通过结构式问卷调查和心理量表测评对某部参加军事演习3个月的690名官兵进行相关因素调查。PTSD诊断采用PTSD筛查量表-军人版(PCL-M)进行初筛,再由精神科医师依

  14. Results of operation and current safety performance of nuclear facilities located in the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuznetsov, V. M.; Khvostova, M. S.

    2016-12-01

    After the NPP radiation accidents in Russia and Japan, a safety statu of Russian nuclear power plants causes concern. A repeated life time extension of power unit reactor plants, designed at the dawn of the nuclear power engineering in the Soviet Union, power augmentation of the plants to 104-109%, operation of power units in a daily power mode in the range of 100-70-100%, the use of untypical for NPP remixed nuclear fuel without a careful study of the results of its application (at least after two operating periods of the research nuclear installations), the aging of operating personnel, and many other management actions of the State Corporation "Rosatom", should attract the attention of the Federal Service for Ecological, Technical and Atomic Supervision (RosTekhNadzor), but this doesn't happen. The paper considers safety issues of nuclear power plants operating in the Russian Federation. The authors collected statistical information on violations in NPP operation over the past 25 years, which shows that even after repeated relaxation over this period of time of safety regulation requirements in nuclear industry and highly expensive NPP modernization, the latter have not become more safe, and the statistics confirms this. At a lower utilization factor high-power pressure-tube reactors RBMK-1000, compared to light water reactors VVER-440 and 1000, have a greater number of violations and that after annual overhauls. A number of direct and root causes of NPP mulfunctions is still high and remains stable for decades. The paper reveals bottlenecks in ensuring nuclear and radiation safety of nuclear facilities. Main outstanding issues on the storage of spent nuclear fuel are defined. Information on emissions and discharges of radioactive substances, as well as fullness of storages of solid and liquid radioactive waste, located at the NPP sites are presented. Russian NPPs stress test results are submitted, as well as data on the coming removal from operation of NPP

  15. Review of Current Data Exchange Practices: Providing Descriptive Data to Assist with Building Operations Decisions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Livingood, W.; Stein, J.; Considine, T.; Sloup, C.

    2011-05-01

    Retailers who participate in the U.S. Department of Energy Commercial Building Energy Alliances (CBEA) identified the need to enhance communication standards. The means are available to collect massive numbers of buildings operational data, but CBEA members have difficulty transforming the data into usable information and energy-saving actions. Implementing algorithms for automated fault detection and diagnostics and linking building operational data to computerized maintenance management systems are important steps in the right direction, but have limited scalability for large building portfolios because the algorithms must be configured for each building.

  16. Groundwater science in water-utility operations: global reflections on current status and future needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Stephen; Sage, Rob

    2017-08-01

    The relevance of groundwater science to water-utility operations is analysed from a broad international perspective, identifying key concerns and specific opportunities for the future. The strategic importance worldwide of water utilities assuming the role of lead stakeholders for integrated groundwater resource management, recognizing their often considerable technical know-how and highly significant data holdings, is emphasized. Concurrently, the utilities themselves will need an ever-closer appreciation of groundwater-system behaviour if they are to manage efficiently their water-supply and wastewater operations.

  17. A global epidemiological survey and strategy of treatment of military ocular injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mao-nian ZHANG

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the current global status of military ocular injury for the purpose of improving the level of domestic epidemiological investigation,in order to improve treatment strategies,and to prevent and reduce the incidence of military ocular injury in Chinese PLA.Methods The epidemiological literature concerning military ocular injury occurring in our country and abroad in recent five years was retrieved by information research;the problems and experiences in the aspects of epidemiological survey,registry,data collection,systematic treatment and prevention of military ocular injury existed in PLA were also summarized and analyzed.Results There were currently no systematic epidemiological data about ocular injury in PLA.A few articles about epidemiological study on ocular injury showed that servicemen were the high risk population of ocular injury.Both in peacetime or wartime the ocular injury was the primary cause leading to monocular blindness of soldiers.As to the ocular injury,in 51.55% of the patients,it occurred in the military operations and work,and 30.31% in military training.The incidence of ocular injury was different in various services,for example,the incidence in the internal security forces of armed police could be as high as 78.85% due to training of martial arts and boxing and wrestling.The deficiency of microsurgery equipments and untimely evacuation were the main causes affecting prognosis during treatment course in primary military hospitals.Conclusions Military affairs,physical training,military maneuver and defense constructions are the main causes of ocular injury in servicemen,and young male soldiers are the main group for prevention and treatment for military ocular injury.More attention should be paid to the epidemiological survey of military ocular injury to find out the causes leading to ocular injury,to improve treatment strategies,to formulate feasible protective measures and then military ocular

  18. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Among U.S. Military Health Care Professionals Deployed in Support of Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    the following health care occupations: physician, nurse, dentist, veterinarian , biomedical sciences or allied health, health service administration, or... veterinarians ); (c) biomedical, allied health professional, and dentists; and (d) medical admin- istration and health services. Groupings were based on likely...Jacobson, I. G., Smith, T. C., Smith, B., Wells, T. S., Reed, R. J., & Ryan, M. A. (2008). US military service members vaccinated against smallpox in

  19. Nutritional Evaluation of a Civilian Operated Military Feeding System and Its Patrons - The Tri-Services Dining Facility, Fort Myer, Virginia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    10.3 to 12.7 mm for skinfold thicknesses . 4 The positive ( Table 7) and negative ( Table 8) indications of nutritional deficiencies observed during the...body height, weight, and skinfold thicknesses at two sites (triceps and. subscapular). Each diner’s last initial, the last four digits of his/her social...Gianopolos, Food Supervisor at the Tri-Services Dining facility, and his military assistants for their continued cooperation during the survey. TABLE OF

  20. Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American Military Operations (Drew Paper Number 5, August 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    AUG 2009 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2009 to 00-00-2009 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in...UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE Femme Fatale An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American Military...2009 Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center Cataloging Data Alfonso, Kristal L. M. Femme fatale : an examination of the role of women in combat

  1. Current status and science operations plan of BepiColombo MMO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, G.; Fujimoto, M.

    2016-12-01

    BepiColombo is an ESA-JAXA joint mission to Mercury with the aim to understand the process of planetary formation and evolution as well as to understand similarities and differences between the magnetospheres of Mercury and Earth. The baseline mission consists of two spacecraft, i.e. the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). The two orbiters will be launched in 2018 by an Ariane-5 and arrive at Mercury in 2024. Being a spin-stabilized spacecraft, MMO has much less constraint for plasma observations and is expected to extract essential elements of space plasma physics that become visible in the Hermean environment. JAXA is responsible for the development and operations of MMO, and it's almost ready for launch. Therefore, now we can concentrate on preparing the science operations plans. MMO has large constraints on science operations, such as thermal issue and limited telemetry rate. Due to the thermal issue each science instrument cannot always be turned on. In addition, due to the low telemetry rate in average, only a part ( 20-30%) of science mission data with high resolution can be downlinked. Therefore, in order to maximize the scientific results and outcomes to be achieved by MMO, we must optimize the science observation and downlink plans in detail. In this paper, we introduce the science objectives, operations strategies and plans of MMO.

  2. Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, J C

    2012-12-01

    The combatant soldier on the battlefield remains protected from any claim in negligence by the doctrine of combat immunity for any negligent act or omission they may make when fighting. In other words, the combatant soldier does not owe a fellow soldier a duty of care on the battlefield, as the duty of care is non-justiciable. However, the non-combatant Military Healthcare Professional, although sometimes operating in the same hostile circumstances as the fighting soldier, is unlikely to benefit from combat immunity for any clinical negligence on the battlefield. This is because they continue to owe their patient a duty of care, although this has not been tested in the courts. This paper considers if any military healthcare professional could ever benefit from combat immunity, which is unlikely due to their non-combatant status. Instead, this paper suggests that a modified form of immunity; namely, Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity could be a new, unique and viable doctrine, however, this could only be granted in rare circumstances and to a much lesser degree than combat immunity.

  3. Materials for power sources to meet military requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrukaitis, E. [Defence Research and Development Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    2005-07-01

    Power source requirements for the military were presented to provide guidelines for research and development planning. Power sources that contain a high amount of energy and are small, light and durable are a common request from military users. Safety, reliability and low temperature performance are also important factors in the selection of power sources, as are cost and energy efficiency. Issues concerning advanced batteries were reviewed with reference to high energy density cathode materials. Various thermoelectric and renewable energy materials were discussed, with reference to recovery and conversion of waste heat. It was suggested that photovoltaic devices could help revolutionize military logistics by modifying energy re-supply requirements. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) were considered in relation to the high price of the ceramic materials required for operation. It was noted that the development of SOFC anodes capable of generating hydrogen from liquid fuels such as methanol or ethanol is an important area for the military, as lower temperature operation reduces the heat signature of the power source. It was suggested that the high power demands of the military require energy sources that exceed the capabilities of batteries currently being fielded for portable applications. It was noted that Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells are efficient, tactical energy converters. Future military applications for PEM fuel cells could include unmanned undersea vehicles and unmanned air vehicles, or as auxiliary power applications for light armoured vehicles. An overview of hydrogen production from renewable sources technologies was presented, as well as issues concerning the reforming of hydrocarbon fuels. It was concluded that while there are several technological hurdles to be overcome before fuel cells are widely used in either the civilian or military sectors, they offer several attractive features. They are efficient and offer the potential for very high

  4. An Overview of Current Capabilities and Research Activities in the Airspace Operations Laboratory at NASA Ames Research Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevot, Thomas; Smith, Nancy M.; Palmer, Everett; Callantine, Todd; Lee, Paul; Mercer, Joey; Homola, Jeff; Martin, Lynne; Brasil, Connie; Cabrall, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    The Airspace Operations Laboratory at NASA Ames conducts research to provide a better understanding of roles, responsibilities, and requirements for human operators and automation in future air traffic management (ATM) systems. The research encompasses developing, evaluating, and integrating operational concepts and technologies for near-, mid-, and far-term air traffic operations. Current research threads include efficient arrival operations, function allocation in separation assurance and efficient airspace and trajectory management. The AOL has developed powerful air traffic simulation capabilities, most notably the Multi Aircraft Control System (MACS) that is used for many air traffic control simulations at NASA and its partners in government, academia and industry. Several additional NASA technologies have been integrated with the AOL's primary simulation capabilities where appropriate. Using this environment, large and small-scale system-level evaluations can be conducted to help make near-term improvements and transition NASA technologies to the FAA, such as the technologies developed under NASA's Air Traffic Management Demonstration-1 (ATD-1). The AOL's rapid prototyping and flexible simulation capabilities have proven a highly effective environment to progress the initiation of trajectory-based operations and support the mid-term implementation of NextGen. Fundamental questions about accuracy requirements have been investigated as well as realworld problems on how to improve operations in some of the most complex airspaces in the US. This includes using advanced trajectory-based operations and prototype tools for coordinating arrivals to converging runways at Newark airport and coordinating departures and arrivals in the San Francisco and the New York metro areas. Looking beyond NextGen, the AOL has started exploring hybrid human/automation control strategies as well as highly autonomous operations in the air traffic control domain. Initial results

  5. 当前军事教育研究中非研究化倾向的反思%Reflections on Non-researching Tendency in Current Military Education Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏俊杰; 李小平; 罗凯

    2012-01-01

      Directing at various non-researching tendency in current military education study, and staring from the essential of military education study, this article makes a statistical analysis in terms of related research articles, and presents the main forms of the non-researching tendency, such as non-standardized research, indeterminate research method, unscientific research topics and fuzzy relations between research variables. And this article puts forward the corresponding countermeasures with respect to the construction of the ideological and working style, researching personnel team and the article quality, thus improving the scientificity of military education study to facilitate its sustained and sound development.%  针对目前军事教育研究中出现的诸多非研究化倾向,从军事教育研究的本质出发,结合相关研究论文进行了统计分析,指出当前军事教育研究中非研究化倾向的主要表现:研究程序不规范、研究方法不明确、研究命题不科学和研究变量关系不清晰;从思想作风建设、研究人员队伍建设、论文质量方面提出了相应对策,以期提高军事教育研究的科学性,推进军事教育研究持续健康发展。

  6. Ideas of medical evacuation of NBC medical rescue in non-war military operation%非战争军事行动"三防"医学救援医疗后送模式构想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘辉; 焦小杰; 耿杰; 李伟; 徐雷

    2012-01-01

    To enhance capabilities of medical services in response to various security issues and fit it in diversified military missions. Analyze the factors of NBC medical rescue in a given non-war military operation, and summarize the types of hazard characteristics in the different tasks. Establish two medical evacuation programs of non-war military operation, nuclear and chemical medical evacuation program, and biological hazards program. Point out practicable strategic supports and technical means for advancing construction of the medical evacuation system of the NBC medical rescue, as well as perfecting the modern logistic services. They may be considered as the advantages in improvement of medical rescue and evacuation, and serving as strategic support and technical measures.%为了进一步提高应对多种安全威胁、完成多样化军事任务卫勤保障能力,笔者通过分析非战争军事行动"三防"医学救援医疗后送影响因素,总结不同任务形式危害类型规律特点.建立非战争军事行动核化和生物危害两种医疗后送方案.研究指出战略发展的机遇期,救治理论的进步,全面建设现代后勤物质成果等有力条件是推动"三防"医学救援医疗后送体制建设切实可行的战略支撑与技术手段.

  7. Military Veterans' Midlife Career Transition and Life Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Heather C.; Brott, Pamelia E.

    2014-01-01

    Many military veterans face the challenging transition to civilian employment. Military veteran members of a national program, Troops to Teachers, were surveyed regarding life satisfaction and related internal/external career transition variables. Participants included military veterans who were currently or had previously transitioned to K-12…

  8. The Evolving Military Learner Population: A Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Kate; Vignare, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This literature review examines the evolving online military learner population with emphasis on current generation military learners, who are most frequently Post-9/11 veterans. The review synthesizes recent scholarly and grey literature on military learner demographics and attributes, college experiences, and academic outcomes against a backdrop…

  9. List of currently classified documents relative to Hanford Production Facilities Operations originated on the Hanford Site between 1961 and 1972

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-04-01

    The United States Department of Energy (DOE) has declared that all Hanford plutonium production- and operations-related information generated between 1944 and 1972 is declassified. Any documents found and deemed useful for meeting Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) objectives may be declassified with or without deletions in accordance with DOE guidance by Authorized Derivative Declassifiers. The September 1992, letter report, Declassifications Requested by the Technical Steering Panel of Hanford Documents Produced 1944--1960, (PNWD-2024 HEDR UC-707), provides an important milestone toward achieving a complete listing of documents that may be useful to the HEDR Project. The attached listing of approximately 7,000 currently classified Hanford-originated documents relative to Hanford Production Facilities Operations between 1961 and 1972 fulfills TSP Directive 89-3. This list does not include such titles as the Irradiation Processing Department, Chemical Processing Department, and Hanford Laboratory Operations monthly reports generated after 1960 which have been previously declassified with minor deletions and made publicly available. Also Kaiser Engineers Hanford (KEH) Document Control determined that no KEH documents generated between January 1, 1961 and December 31, 1972 are currently classified. Titles which address work for others have not been included because Hanford Site contractors currently having custodial responsibility for these documents do not have the authority to determine whether other than their own staff have on file an appropriate need-to-know. Furthermore, these documents do not normally contain information relative to Hanford Site operations.

  10. High or low-side solid state relay with current limiting and operational testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolland, C. R.

    1984-07-01

    The switch comprises a circuit from a first output terminal via parallel MOS devices in series with current-sensing resistance to a second output terminal, with alternative high-side and low-side configurations having a load between the second terminal and ground, or the first terminal and the DC supply voltage. An input terminal for a digital control signal is coupled via an input diode and two Schmitt Trigger CMOS inverters to a control lead for the gates of the switch. A current overload or short circuit protection circuit coupled between the current-sensor and the input diode comprises two transistors coupled by a diode. A built-in test circuit for indicating the switch condition (on, off, shorted or open) comprises MOS transistors having their gates connected to voltage dividers at the two output terminals, and their drains connected to discrete indication terminals.

  11. Current Situation Analysis on the Life Cycle Management of Radioactive Source in Military Hospital of Certain Military Command Area%某军区医院放射源全寿命管理现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金慧英; 朱乐明; 毛应华; 赵国良; 荣曙; 杨龙

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解某军区医院放射源使用和管理的基本情况,为减少放射事故的发生,确保放射工作人员和公众的健康提供依据。方法依据国家相关法律法规,采用调查表、现场检查和防护监测的方法,对所有医院进行调查和监督监测。结果军区医院共有涉源单位20家,涉及多种放射性核素,放射源管理存在管理人员不专业,制度不落实,档案不健全,健康管理不规范和源存放和废源处置不规范等若干问题。结论加强自我管理和严格的卫生监督执法是放射源全寿命管理的关键。%Objective To understand the basic situation of radioactive sources use and security manage -ment in our military hospitals , reduce the radiation accidents and provide the basis for the radiation workers and public health .Method According to relevant national laws and regulations , the methods of questionnaire , on-site inspection and radioactivity level monitoring were used .Results 20 hospitals had used radioactive sources and involved a variety of radioactive nuclide , and still had some management problems in radioactive sources .Such as administrator are not professional , the system is not unexecuted , the file is not perfect , health management is not standard, the source storage and waste source disposal is not standard , etc.Conclusion Strengthening self -management and strict health supervision were the keys of radioactive sources life cycle management .

  12. Killing of a King: The Increasing Marginalization of the Field Artillery Branch in Current Counterinsurgency Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    Unfortunately, today this is still the case , high operational deployment and training cycles prevent the FA officers and Soldiers from mastering...an axe to grind or a hidden agenda behind this thesis, but that is not the case . Identifying and studying problems is exactly what makes the FA branch...Readiness Training Center, LTC Daniel A. Pinnell and LTC Robert Morschauser some of the same observations that were pointed out in the white paper were

  13. Current and Planned High Proton Flux Operations at the FNAL Booster

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia, F G

    2014-01-01

    The Fermilab Proton Source machines, constituted by Pre-Injector, conventional Linac and Booster synchrotron, at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) had have a long history of successful beam operations. Built in late '60s, the Fermilab Proton Source began operations early in the '70s and since then it has successful provided protons to support the laboratory physics experiments. During the past decade, Booster performance reached unprecedented proton flux delivery of the order of 1.0-1.1E17 protons per hour, corresponding to 40 kW of beam power while maintained an allowed upper limit of 525 W of beam loss in the tunnel. In order to achieve this historical performance, major hardware upgrades were made in the machine combined with improvements in beam orbit control and operational awareness. Once again, the Proton Source has been charged to double their beam throughput, while maintaining the present residual activation levels, to meet the laboratory Intensity Frontier program goals until new mach...

  14. Degradation of Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells Operated at High Current Densities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tao, Youkun; Ebbesen, Sune Dalgaard; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg

    2014-01-01

    In this work the durability of solid oxide cells for co-electrolysis of steam and carbon dioxide (45 % H2O + 45 % CO2 + 10 % H2) at high current densities was investigated. The tested cells are Ni-YSZ electrode supported, with a YSZ electrolyte and either a LSM-YSZ or LSCF-CGO oxygen electrode...

  15. The British Colonial Experience in Waziristan and Its Applicability to Current Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    fall 2004, the Paksitani government used the same carrots and sticks that the British government used in the tribal areas from 1849-1947. The...limited and precise. (3) The U.S. and Pakistani cannot employ a cookie cutter solution to the current situation in Waziristan. Due to the complex and

  16. Operation of the DC current transformer intensity monitors at FNAL during run II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crisp, J.; Fellenz, B.; Heikkinen, D.; Ibrahim, M.A.; Meyer, T.; Vogel, G.; /Fermilab

    2012-01-01

    Circulating beam intensity measurements at FNAL are provided by five DC current transformers (DCCT), one per machine. With the exception of the DCCT in the Recycler, all DCCT systems were designed and built at FNAL. This paper presents an overview of both DCCT systems, including the sensor, the electronics, and the front-end instrumentation software, as well as their performance during Run II.

  17. Plasma Shape and Current Density Profile Control in Advanced Tokamak Operating Scenarios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Wenyu

    The need for new sources of energy is expected to become a critical problem within the next few decades. Nuclear fusion has sufficient energy density to potentially supply the world population with its increasing energy demands. The tokamak is a magnetic confinement device used to achieve controlled fusion reactions. Experimental fusion technology has now reached a level where tokamaks are able to produce about as much energy as is expended in heating the fusion fuel. The next step towards the realization of a nuclear fusion tokamak power plant is ITER, which will be capable of exploring advanced tokamak (AT) modes, characterized by a high fusion gain and plasma stability. The extreme requirements of the advanced modes motivates researchers to improve the modeling of the plasma response as well as the design of feedback controllers. This dissertation focuses on several magnetic and kinetic control problems, including the plasma current, position and shape control, and data-driven and first-principles-driven modeling and control of plasma current density profile and the normalized plasma pressure ratio betaN. The plasma is confined within the vacuum vessel by an external electromagnetic field, produced primarily by toroidal and poloidal field coils. The outermost closed plasma surface or plasma boundary is referred to as the shape of the plasma. A central characteristic of AT plasma regimes is an extreme elongated shape. The equilibrium among the electromagnetic forces acting on an elongated plasma is unstable. Moreover, the tokamak performance is improved if the plasma is located in close proximity to the torus wall, which guarantees an efficient use of available volume. As a consequence, feedback control of the plasma position and shape is necessary. In this dissertation, an Hinfinity-based, multi-input-multi-output (MIMO) controller for the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) is developed, which is used to control the plasma position, shape, and X

  18. An operational amplifier B1404UD1A-1 in the patch-clamp current-to-voltage converter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korzun, A M; Rozinov, S V; Abashin, G I

    1997-01-01

    The applicability of the home-made operational amplifier B1404UD1A-1 in a patch-clamp current-to-voltage converter was analyzed. Its parameters (background noise, input bias current, and gain-bandwidth product) were estimated. Schematic solutions and practical recommendations for the use of this amplifier in a current-to-voltage converter were given. Based on the background noise and frequency parameters of the converter, we found that this device can be used for measuring ion channel currents with a high sensitivity and within a broad frequency range (0.055 pA, to 1 kHz; 0.4 pA, to 10 kHz). An example of the converter application in experiments is given.

  19. «Come i Visconti asediaro Pavia». Sieges and military operations around Pavia from 1356 to 1359 «Come i Visconti asediaro Pavia». Assedi e operazioni militari intorno a Pavia dal 1356 al 1359

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Romanoni

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The definitive conquering of Pavia by the Viscontis occurred at the end of a complex and dramatic situation, that saw diverse actors play a role on the territorial scene of Pavia: the armies and fleets of the Viscontis, the territorial forces like the marquis from Montferrat, the élite management of the of the city and in particular the Beccaria family. The present essay scrutinises in depth the technical-military aspects as well as the political trends that were developed in the city. Under the first point of view, the interest is, therefore, focused on the ‘block’ that tightened the hold on the city, isolating the same, in the summer of 1356, on the battlefield fortifications and their dislocation, on the role of the fluvial fleets. In the second prospective, the counterblows that the events of the siege had on the community of Pavia, engaged in the last desperate defence for the autonomy of the city, sustained by the Augustinian friar Jacopo Bussolari as a preacher but also as a political leader: therefore, the political disagreements and contrasts emerged amongst the citizens, the mobilisation to arms but also the discharging.

    La conquista definitiva di Pavia da parte dei Visconti giunse alla fine di una vicenda complessa e drammatica, che vide diversi attori giocare un ruolo sullo scenario territoriale pavese: gli eserciti e le flotte viscontee, le potenze territoriali vicine come i marchesi di Monferrato, l’élite dirigente della città e in particolare la famiglia Beccaria. Il saggio esamina tanto gli aspetti tecnico-militari quanto la dinamica politica che si sviluppa in città. Sotto il primo punto di vista, l’interesse si appunta dunque sul ‘blocco’ che strinse la città, isolandola, nell’estate del 1356, sulle fortificazioni da campo e sulla loro dislocazione, sul ruolo della flotta fluviale Nella seconda prospettiva, si illustrano i contraccolpi che le vicende dell’assedio ebbero sulla

  20. 非战争军事行动战略级装备器材动员储备问题研究%Study on Strategic Equipment Mobilization Reserve of Military Operations Other Than War

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周慧贞; 刘伟; 胡永平

    2011-01-01

    建立战略级装备器材动员储备是为军队遂行非战争军事行动提供有效装备物资器材保障的重要形式.分析了非战争军事行动战略级装备器材动员储备的基本内涵及其建设必要性,围绕储备品种、规模、方式和布局等问题,提出了储备建设的基本构想,最后指出储备建设需建立的配套保障措施.%It is important to build the strategic equipment mobilization reserve for supporting the military operations other than war and providing equipment support. The paper analyzes the basic connotation of strategic equipment mobilization reserve of military operations other than war and the necessary of building reserve, then surrounding about the problems of reserve types, reserve scale, reserve mode and reserve distribution, the basic conceive of reserve building is proposed. In the end, the paper puts up correlative support measures needed to take for reserve building.

  1. Soviet Military Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    military lpresence. To cite just one example, a Soviet Navy task force operated in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico from November 1982 to February 1985...year, Other Surface Combatants: Additionally, the Mi Prduction Naval Ship Cmo itlfon. . USSR and NATO USSR and NATO MI.l T6ype 1976’ 1979’ 1m, 101I...the Caribbean, Gulf of Soviet assistance to Grenada has taken the • Mexico and nearby portions of the Atlantic form of supplying weapons, construction

  2. 军队疗养院疗养团保障现状及对策%Current Situation and Countermeasures of the Support for Recuperation Groups in Military Sanatorium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晨瑜; 张益明; 杨斌

    2011-01-01

    Accomplishing the support mission for recuperation groups from organizations at all levels is an importance obligation of military sanatoriums. The article analyzed the current situation of the support for recuperation groups in military sanatoriums and put forward its countermeasures. The author put forward the fundamental ways to increasingly improve service and support for recuperation groups, which included framing of integral support concept, innovation of service and support mechanism, implementation of information management, establishment of support evaluation system, and introduction of cultural recuperation and brand construction.%完成各级赋予的疗养团保障任务是军队疗养院的一项重要工作,本文就军队疗养院疗养团保障工作现状进行分析,提出对策及做法.以系统论的思想树立整体保障观念,创新服务保障机制,实行信息化管理,建立保障效果评价体系,推行文化疗养和品牌建设,是不断提升疗养团服务保障水平的根本途径.

  3. Construction of cryptographic information protection in automated control systems for rapid reaction military forces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Petrovich Evseev

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available New approaches to realizations of military operations are analyzed. The main factors that directly affect the construction and operation of information security subsystems in prospective automated command and control military systems are described. Possible ways of the construction of cryptographic subsystems of information protection in automated operation management systems for united military force groups are investigated.

  4. Military Diplomacy: A Need for Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    FINAL 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Diplomacy: A Need for Doctrine 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER...population and interacted with many Icelanders. A U.S. Navy jazz band performed for “residents of the Hrafnista nursing home, and sailors visited the...Operations (CMO) can be used for Military Diplomacy yet it covers too broad a range of operations with differing planning and execution methods. Also

  5. Renormalization of domain-wall bilinear operators with short-distance current correlators

    CERN Document Server

    Tomii, M; Fahy, B; Fukaya, H; Hashimoto, S; Kaneko, T; Noaki, J

    2016-01-01

    We determine the renormalization constants for flavor non-singlet fermion bilinear operators of M\\"obius domain-wall fermions. The renormalization condition is imposed on the correlation functions in the coordinate space, such that the non-perturbative lattice calculation reproduces the perturbatively calculated counterpart at short distances. The perturbative expansion is precise as the coefficients are available up to $O(\\alpha_s^4)$. We employ $2+1$-flavor lattice ensembles at three lattice spacings in the range 0.044--0.080~fm.

  6. Dissociation of the store-operated calcium current ICRAC and the Mg-nucleotide-regulated metal ion current MagNuM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermosura, Meredith C; Monteilh-Zoller, Mahealani K; Scharenberg, Andrew M; Penner, Reinhold; Fleig, Andrea

    2002-01-01

    Rat basophilic leukaemia cells (RBL-2H3-M1) were used to study the characteristics of the store-operated Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ current (ICRAC) and the magnesium-nucleotide-regulated metal cation current (MagNuM) (which is conducted by the LTRPC7 channel). Pipette solutions containing 10 mm BAPTA and no added ATP induced both currents in the same cell, but the time to half-maximal activation for MagNuM was about two to three times slower than that of ICRAC. Differential suppression of ICRAC was achieved by buffering free [Ca2+]i to 90 nm and selective inhibition of MagNuM was accomplished by intracellular solutions containing 6 mm Mg.ATP, 1.2 mm free [Mg2+]i or 100 μm GTP-γ-S, allowing investigations on these currents in relative isolation. Removal of extracellular Ca2+ and Mg2+ caused both currents to be carried significantly by monovalent ions. In the absence or presence of free [Mg2+]i, ICRAC carried by monovalent ions inactivated more rapidly and more completely than MagNuM carried by monovalent ions. Since several studies have used divalent-free solutions on either side of the membrane to study selectivity and single-channel behaviour of ICRAC, these experimental conditions would have favoured the contribution of MagNuM to monovalent conductance and call for caution in interpreting results where both ICRAC and MagNuM are activated. PMID:11882677

  7. SEARCH AND DETENTION OF THE MILITARY PERSONNEL WHO HAS AVOIDED THE MILITARY SERVICE: SOURCES, REALITIES, IMPROVEMENT PROSPECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia V. V.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the topical issues of the search and detention of the military personnel who has avoided the military service. On the basis of official information, the author gave a short historical digression, the analysis of a current state of the problem of evasion of the military personnel from military service is carried out and possible ways of its solutions are proposed

  8. A power conversion system for PMSG-based WECS operating with fully-controlled current-source converters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-yu BAO; Wei-bing BAO; Yu-ling LI

    2014-01-01

    We propose a new power conversion system for a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based grid-connected wind energy conversion system (WECS) operating with fully-controlled back-to-back current-source converters. On the generator side, two independent current-source rectifiers (CSRs) with space-vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) are employed to regulate and stabilize DC-link currents. Between DC-link and the electrical grid, a direct-type three-phase five-level current-source inverter (CSI) is inserted as a buffer to regulate real and reactive power fed to the grid and thus adjusts the grid side power-factor. We also present a current-based maximum power point tracking (MPPT) scheme, which helps the generator extract the maximum power through closed-loop regulation of the generator speed. By applying the multilevel modulation and control strategies to the grid-side five-level CSI, a multilevel output current waveform with less distortion is produced, and the bulk requirement of the output capacitor filter to eliminate the harmonic current is reduced. All the proposed concepts are verified by simulation models built in a PSIM environment.

  9. Voltage- and current-activated metal–insulator transition in VO2-based electrical switches: a lifetime operation analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelian Crunteanu, Julien Givernaud, Jonathan Leroy, David Mardivirin, Corinne Champeaux, Jean-Christophe Orlianges, Alain Catherinot and Pierre Blondy

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Vanadium dioxide is an intensively studied material that undergoes a temperature-induced metal–insulator phase transition accompanied by a large change in electrical resistivity. Electrical switches based on this material show promising properties in terms of speed and broadband operation. The exploration of the failure behavior and reliability of such devices is very important in view of their integration in practical electronic circuits. We performed systematic lifetime investigations of two-terminal switches based on the electrical activation of the metal–insulator transition in VO2 thin films. The devices were integrated in coplanar microwave waveguides (CPWs in series configuration. We detected the evolution of a 10 GHz microwave signal transmitted through the CPW, modulated by the activation of the VO2 switches in both voltage- and current-controlled modes. We demonstrated enhanced lifetime operation of current-controlled VO2-based switching (more than 260 million cycles without failure compared with the voltage-activated mode (breakdown at around 16 million activation cycles. The evolution of the electrical self-oscillations of a VO2-based switch induced in the current-operated mode is a subtle indicator of the material properties modification and can be used to monitor its behavior under various external stresses in sensor applications.

  10. Ionizing radiation exposure in interventional cardiology: current radiation protection practice of invasive cardiology operators in Lithuania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valuckiene, Zivile; Jurenas, Martynas; Cibulskaite, Inga

    2016-09-01

    Ionizing radiation management is among the most important safety issues in interventional cardiology. Multiple radiation protection measures allow the minimization of x-ray exposure during interventional procedures. Our purpose was to assess the utilization and effectiveness of radiation protection and optimization techniques among interventional cardiologists in Lithuania. Interventional cardiologists of five cardiac centres were interviewed by anonymized questionnaire, addressing personal use of protective garments, shielding, table/detector positioning, frame rate (FR), resolution, field of view adjustment and collimation. Effective patient doses were compared between operators who work with and without x-ray optimization. Thirty one (68.9%) out of 45 Lithuanian interventional cardiologists participated in the survey. Protective aprons were universally used, but not the thyroid collars; 35.5% (n  =  11) operators use protective eyewear and 12.9% (n  =  4) wear radio-protective caps; 83.9% (n  =  26) use overhanging shields, 58.1% (n  =  18)-portable barriers; 12.9% (n  =  4)-abdominal patient's shielding; 35.5% (n  =  11) work at a high table position; 87.1% (n  =  27) keep an image intensifier/receiver close to the patient; 58.1% (n  =  18) reduce the fluoroscopy FR; 6.5% (n  =  2) reduce the fluoro image detail resolution; 83.9% (n  =  26) use a 'store fluoro' option; 41.9% (N  =  13) reduce magnification for catheter transit; 51.6% (n  =  16) limit image magnification; and 35.5% (n  =  11) use image collimation. Median effective patient doses were significantly lower with x-ray optimization techniques in both diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. Many of the ionizing radiation exposure reduction tools and techniques are underused by a considerable proportion of interventional cardiology operators. The application of basic radiation protection tools and

  11. Water Level and Current Simulation for LOTS Operations - Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-07-01

    equations are solved by a finite element approach. However the equations are reformulated mathematically to a form with much improved numerical solution...longer than the tidal cycle, since tidal ebb and flood currents tend to cancel each other. 23Chqpwr 3 Ceibraga wnd Vedication 30 25 (Z 20 M2 "W 15 0 10Q...circulation in the Arabian Gulf," Applied Mathematical Modeling, 14, 410-419. Bogdanov, K. T. (1987). "T’idal wave propagation and tidal level oscillations

  12. Derivation of armature displacement and movement disturbances from current and voltage measurements on solenoid operated valves

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Louati, Iskander Alexandre [AREVA NP GmbH (Germany). Service Sector Germany

    2009-07-01

    As part of the electric drive mechanisms of the safety system in nuclear power plants safety related solenoid operated valves (SOVs) are subject to design control, commissioning tests and periodical in-service inspections. AREVA has developed and qualified many methods and tools that have been embedded into as software tools called DAM for diagnosis and evaluation of the valve performance according to the KTA requirements. In the special case of COVs tracing the electric measurements with ADAM helps to detect anomalies at the SOVs and esp. those related to disturbances of the armature moved. The disturbances to be tested are divided into electrical and mechanical disturbances: voltage insufficiency, switch chattering; degradation of spring load, friction collaterally to armature displacement, partial or total obstruction of the armature.

  13. False Operation of Static Random Access Memory Cells under Alternating Current Power Supply Voltage Variation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawada, Takuya; Takata, Hidehiro; Nii, Koji; Nagata, Makoto

    2013-04-01

    Static random access memory (SRAM) cores exhibit susceptibility against power supply voltage variation. False operation is investigated among SRAM cells under sinusoidal voltage variation on power lines introduced by direct RF power injection. A standard SRAM core of 16 kbyte in a 90 nm 1.5 V technology is diagnosed with built-in self test and on-die noise monitor techniques. The sensitivity of bit error rate is shown to be high against the frequency of injected voltage variation, while it is not greatly influenced by the difference in frequency and phase against SRAM clocking. It is also observed that the distribution of false bits is substantially random in a cell array.

  14. Exploring the Role of Social Connectedness among Military Youth: Perceptions from Youth, Parents, and School Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mmari, Kristin N.; Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Sudhinaraset, May; Blum, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The increased stress on military families during wartime can be particularly difficult for adolescents. The current study employed 11 focus groups with military youth, parents, and school personnel working with military youth to better understand how youth and their families cope with stressors faced as result of living in a military family. An…

  15. Cathode performance during two beam operation of the high current high polarization electron gun for eRHIC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rahman, O. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Ben-Zvi, I. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Degen, C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Gassner, D. M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lambiase, R. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Meng, W. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Pikin, A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Rao, T. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Sheehy, B. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Skaritka, J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Wang, E. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Pietz, J. [Transfer Engineering and Manufacturing, Inc., Fremont, CA (United States); Ackeret, M. [Transfer Engineering and Manufacturing, Inc., Fremont, CA (United States); Yeckel, C. [Stangenes Industries, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Miller, R. [Stangenes Industries, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Dobrin, E. [Stangenes Industries, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Thompson, K. [Stangenes Industries, Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    2015-05-03

    Two electron beams from two activated bulk GaAs photocathodes were successfully combined during the recent beam test of the High Current High Polarization Electron gun for eRHIC. The beam test took place in Stangenes Industries in Palo Alto, CA, where the cathodes were placed in diagonally opposite locations inside the high voltage shroud. No significant cross talking between the cathodes was found for the pertinent vacuum and low average current operation, which is very promising towards combining multiple beams for higher average current. This paper describes the cathode preparation, transport and cathode performance in the gun for the combining test, including the QE and lifetimes of the photocathodes at various steps of the experiment.

  16. Determination of aims military-technical policy of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. F. Salnikova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article the aims of military-technical policy are considered. Determination of aims (tasks of military-technical policy, its maintenance, requirements to it and directions of its further development it must come true by the analysis of different factors of external and internal environment. Among such factors: geopolitical and military-political position of Ukraine and its military doctrine; realized and operating programs of development (reformation of the soldiery forming and them technical rigging; terms of future military operations and progress of their maintenance, forms, methods and characteristic signs of battle actions trend; substantive provisions of art of war; conceptions, theories and doctrines of battle application of the soldiery forming of the different states; resources dedicated by the state on development of military-technical sphere and others like that. The fundamental chart of sequence of forming of public military-technical policy is presented in the article.

  17. Key processes shaping the current role and operation of higher education institutions in society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piróg Danuta

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The concurrent processes of globalisation, computerisation, and integration shape and constantly modify developmental factors and generate multidirectional social changes. Among social life fields, one of them has been particularly sensitive to the impact of those processes and has remained in clear feedback relationship with them is education, including university-level education. This article aims to present some reflections on the key processes which influence the environment of higher education institutions’ activity and on what their impact specifically is. The factors taken into account include: the transformation of the political and economic system, integration with the European higher education area, the market shift of education, evolving social demands towards higher education institutions and society’s attitude towards work. As knowledge has become an asset largely affecting the quality of life of people and society, universities have changed their focus from searching for and exploring truth, good and beauty in the world towards becoming innovation centres, transferring knowledge as offering their educational services. In this article, those trends have been exemplified in relation to geography degree programmes, and shown through an evolution of the model of the university. Based on a review of the literature, it seems that the processes discussed also concern geography degree programmes, and the future operation of these programmes closely depends on whether they can maintain their care for high quality education coupled with genuine efforts to ensure the smooth transition of graduates into the labour market.

  18. Evaluation of current operating standards for chlorine dioxide in disinfection of dump tank and flume for fresh tomatoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomás-Callejas, Alejandro; López-Velasco, Gabriela; Valadez, Angela M; Sbodio, Adrian; Artés-Hernández, Francisco; Danyluk, Michelle D; Suslow, Trevor V

    2012-02-01

    Standard postharvest unit operations that rely on copious water contact, such as fruit unloading and washing, approach the criteria for a true critical control point in fresh tomato production. Performance data for approved sanitizers that reflect commercial systems are needed to set standards for audit compliance. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of chlorine dioxide (ClO(2)) for water disinfection as an objective assessment of recent industry-adopted standards for dump tank and flume management in fresh tomato packing operations. On-site assessments were conducted during eight temporally distinct shifts in two Florida packinghouses and one California packinghouse. Microbiological analyses of incoming and washed fruit and dump and flume system water were evaluated. Water temperature, pH, turbidity, conductivity, and oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) were monitored. Reduction in populations of mesophilic and coliform bacteria on fruit was not significant, and populations were significantly higher (P dump tanks but consistently below the detection limit in flumes. Turbidity and conductivity increased with loads of incoming tomatoes. Water temperature varied during daily operations, but pH and ORP mostly remained constant. The industry standard positive temperature differential of 5.5°C between water and fruit pulp was not maintained in tanks during the full daily operation. ORP values were significantly higher in the flume than in the dump tank. A positive correlation was found between ORP and temperature, and negative correlations were found between ORP and turbidity, total mesophilic bacteria, and coliforms. This study provides in-plant data indicating that ClO(2) can be an effective sanitizer in flume and spray-wash systems, but current operational limitations restrict its performance in dump tanks. Under current conditions, ClO(2) alone is unlikely to allow the fresh tomato industry to meet its microbiological quality goals under typical

  19. operation zitadelle (kursk)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    military technology (command language) will ensure proper communication within the framework ... The use of military power must be understood within this framework. Baucom ... European, Mediterranean and Russian theatres of operation. ... operations to accomplish a common objective, normally within a given time and.

  20. Factors associated with substance use among Spanish military personnel involved in "Bosnia-Herzegovina".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas Pecino, Cristina; Castellano, Enrique; Trujillo, Humberto

    2017-01-12

    The use of both legal and illegal drugs has rarely been investigated among the Spanish military population involved in multinational military operations. The aim of the current study was to examine the consumption of drugs by Spanish military personnel in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the variables associated with such substance use. A total of 605 military personnel participated in the cross-sectional study. The participants' mean age was 25.9 years (SD = 5.9), and 93.9% of the sample was male. The majority of the participants were enlisted personnel (83.5%). The most widely used drugs were tobacco (54.2%), and alcohol (39.9%). With respect to illegal drugs, the results showed that the drug with the highest prevalence of "use at some point during a lifetime" was cannabis (36.2%), followed by cocaine (14.9%) and amphetamines (12.1%). The most important variable associated with a decrease in the consumption of illegal drugs was social support. Conversely, participants with friends who have used illegal drugs had an increased likelihood of drug consumption. Given that the use of drugs can adversely affect soldiers' performance, preventive measures should be applied in multinational military operations.

  1. The analysis of modern approaches to physical fitness testing of military personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glazunov Sergej Ivanovich

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of research is to determine modern approaches to the physical fitness testing of service personnel. In the army with modern military experience, marked by a tendency to view the content of tests to determine the level of physical fitness of military personnel. Observed differentiation of unified systems tests to determine the general physical and military training military application. Summary of tests determined the nature of loads and motions of the structure inherent in the military during combat operations.

  2. Current applications and future directions for the CDISC Operational Data Model standard: A methodological review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hume, Sam; Aerts, Jozef; Sarnikar, Surendra; Huser, Vojtech

    2016-04-01

    In order to further advance research and development on the Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC) Operational Data Model (ODM) standard, the existing research must be well understood. This paper presents a methodological review of the ODM literature. Specifically, it develops a classification schema to categorize the ODM literature according to how the standard has been applied within the clinical research data lifecycle. This paper suggests areas for future research and development that address ODM's limitations and capitalize on its strengths to support new trends in clinical research informatics. A systematic scan of the following databases was performed: (1) ABI/Inform, (2) ACM Digital, (3) AIS eLibrary, (4) Europe Central PubMed, (5) Google Scholar, (5) IEEE Xplore, (7) PubMed, and (8) ScienceDirect. A Web of Science citation analysis was also performed. The search term used on all databases was "CDISC ODM." The two primary inclusion criteria were: (1) the research must examine the use of ODM as an information system solution component, or (2) the research must critically evaluate ODM against a stated solution usage scenario. Out of 2686 articles identified, 266 were included in a title level review, resulting in 183 articles. An abstract review followed, resulting in 121 remaining articles; and after a full text scan 69 articles met the inclusion criteria. As the demand for interoperability has increased, ODM has shown remarkable flexibility and has been extended to cover a broad range of data and metadata requirements that reach well beyond ODM's original use cases. This flexibility has yielded research literature that covers a diverse array of topic areas. A classification schema reflecting the use of ODM within the clinical research data lifecycle was created to provide a categorized and consolidated view of the ODM literature. The elements of the framework include: (1) EDC (Electronic Data Capture) and EHR (Electronic Health Record

  3. MILITARY MULTI-HOP ROUTING PROTOCOL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Military tactical network is one of the most important applications of ad hoc network. Currently the existing routing protocols are put forward based on the simple and universal network model which has the ability of multi-hop routing but cannot work efficiently in the special military applications. The narrow bandwidth and limited energy of the wireless network make general routing protocols seem to be more redundant.In order to satisfy military needs properly, this letter makes a detailed analysis of physical nodes and traffic distribution in military network, uses cross-layer design concept for reference, combines traffic characteristic of application layer with routing protocol design. It categorized routing problem as crucial routes and non-crucial routes which adopted separate maintenance methods. It not only realizes basic transmission function but also works efficiently. It is quite fit for military application.

  4. Assessing Psycho-Social Resilience in Diplomatic, Civilian & Military Personnel Serving in a High-Threat Security Environment during Counter-Insurgency and Counter-Terrorism Operations in Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Speckhard

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Currently thousands of military, diplomatic and civilian personnel are deployed under NATO, UN, and other multi-national, as well as national auspices in high-threat security environments, including active conflict zones such as Iraq and Afghanistan.  Soldiers are generally well trained and prepared psychologically to face armed conflict. Civilian contractors and diplomats, on the other hand, often are not.  Moreover in today’s high-threat security environments terrorists, insurgents and even child soldiers may be the opposing force, creating a more uncertain and anxiety provoking environment and more difficult to identify security threat. These facts have serious implications for the psycho-social resilience of diplomatic, civilian and military personnel deployed in such environments.  This article investigates psycho-social resilience in a small exploratory sample of US embassy staff, contractors and US forces serving in Iraq during 2007, a time when Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs, roadside bombings, mortar attacks, kidnappings, murders and sniper fire were an everyday occurrence in Iraq.

  5. Analysis of operations and cyber security policies for a system of cooperating Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) devices.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phillips, Laurence R.; Tejani, Bankim; Margulies, Jonathan; Hills, Jason L.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Baca, Micheal J.; Weiland, Laura

    2005-12-01

    Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices are installed on electric power transmission lines to stabilize and regulate power flow. Power lines protected by FACTS devices can increase power flow and better respond to contingencies. The University of Missouri Rolla (UMR) is currently working on a multi-year project to examine the potential use of multiple FACTS devices distributed over a large power system region in a cooperative arrangement in which the FACTS devices work together to optimize and stabilize the regional power system. The report describes operational and security challenges that need to be addressed to employ FACTS devices in this way and recommends references, processes, technologies, and policies to address these challenges.

  6. Low-Cost Digital Implementation of Proportional-Resonant Current Controllers for PV Inverter Applications Using Delta Operator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Será, Dezsö; Kerekes, Tamas; Lungeanu, Marian

    2005-01-01

    of the P+Resonant controller with selective harmonic compensation on a low-cost fixed-point DSP. The resonant part of the P+R has been implemented as a second order filter based on Delta operator. The current controller, together with harmonic compensation for the 3rd, 5th, and 7th harmonics has been......The performances of the P+Resonant controller in case of current control for a single phase grid connected inverter have been proved to be superior to the PI controller, since it is able to remove the phase error of the control at the fundamental frequency of the grid. It offers also...... the possibility of selective harmonic compensation. However, in case of digital implementation on a low-cost fixedpoint DSP, the limited computational power and the limited numerical representation precision can restrict the utilization of it. The present paper proposes a different way of digital implementation...

  7. Theater Military Intelligence Brigade (TMIB) Mission Area Assessment Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    DAMO-FM Department of the Army Military Operations Force Management DOCEX Document Exploitation EEA Essential Elements of Analysis ECB Echelon...the spectrum of military operations would be determining factors, vice all 5 phases for echelon Corps and below ( ECB ) capabilities. 1.5.2. HQDA G-3

  8. Marketing: applications in a military health care setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roark, G A; Tucker, S L

    1997-08-01

    Military health care leaders must recognize the importance of satisfied consumers. As part of this recognition, the focus of military medicine must change from a coercive-power to a reward-power system. This change highlights the need for business practices such as marketing. Encouraging military health care administrators to learn and understand the applications of the marketing variables will enhance demand management and health care delivery for beneficiaries. This paper describes some applications of marketing variables, informs the military health care administrator about the process of marketing, and describes the utility of marketing in the current paradigm shift in military health care delivery.

  9. Military GP training-the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herod, T P; Johnson, G A

    2013-01-01

    There is clearly a significant step from being a well-supported GP Registrar to being a fully independent GP in the NHS and this is even more apparent for a newly qualified Military GP There are many additional duties and responsibilities placed upon a Military GP that the current training curriculum and exams do not cover and which must be learnt post-CCT, whilst undertaking independent practice for the first time. Having a Military First 5 initiative for support during this time would no doubt be of some use, but having a dedicated period of training to re-militarise newly qualified Military GPs would provide an opportunity to improve and make more efficient the initial transition from training to independent practice. In the long term, incorporating as much as possible of this proposed period of post-CCT Military training into a 4th year of GP training would be the ideal. However, discussions between Surgeon General, the Defence Deanery and the RCGP would be required to define which training elements would be acceptable to be incorporated and there will no doubt be some aspects (e.g. weapons handling) that might be deemed unacceptable by the RCGP, and thus a period of post-CCT Military training may still be a key component of a longer term solution. The options for enhancing Military GP training warrant thorough exploration as they have the potential to provide significant benefit not only for future trainees but also for the military in general.

  10. Current Situation and Development Trend of Intelligent and Digital Construction of Military Hospital%军队医院智能数字化建设现状与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁静; 张华; 刘国伟

    2013-01-01

    本文阐述了军队医院多年来智能数字化建设的现状和发展趋势,指出军队医院数字化建设方向需要从院内应用向区域协同迈进并实现以临床诊疗信息为主体的全面数据融合和智能化应用,进一步完善电子病历系统以及智能决策支持系统,建立以人为本的、横向的、覆盖范围广的健康管理信息系统,实现社会卫生资源的整合,并将各级医疗卫生机构加入数字化建设体系,形成区域性的数字化网络体系。%This paper summarizes the current situation and development trend of intelligent and digital construction of military hospital. It points out that the construction direction of military hospital should be turned from internal applications to regional collaboration to implement comprehensive data fusion and intelligent applications which regard information of clinical diagnosis and treatment as principal part. The electronic medical record system and intelligent decision support system also should be further improved to establish people-oriented and transverse health management information system with wide coverage area so that social health resources can be integrated and health institutions at all levels can be joined into the digital construction system in order to form the regional architecture of digital network.

  11. Analysis of logistical support as the key link of military logistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Артем Володимирович Зозуля

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the specific logistic support in terms of military logistics is proposed in the article. Special attention is addressed to legal regulation of financial and business activity of military units in logistics processes. The special role of prime importance of the formation of the corresponding moral - psychological model of military personnel of military units and subunits are noted. The specifics of the formation of military logistics systems in current economic conditions is analyzed

  12. 男性青年体成分与军事体力作业能力相关性研究%Correlation between military physical operation capacity and body compositions in young men

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游嘉; 张婷; 王建; 刘戟环; 王卫平; 张乾勇; 陈卡; 常辉; 易龙; 糜漫天; 朱俊东; 周永; 郎和东; 王斌

    2012-01-01

    目的 测定不同体能战士的体成分,并探讨军事体力作业能力与体成分间的相互关系,为构建我军军事体力作业能力预测及评估模型提供依据.方法 选取200名青年男性战士,根据GJB1337-92规定的方法测定5000m跑、引体向上、立定跳远的运动成绩和最大摄氧量(VO2max),并参照其评价标准,将受试者按体能分为差、较差、中等、良好和优秀5个组,同时利用多频生物电阻抗技术(multiple frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis,MBIA)测定各组战士的体成分,并探讨战士体成分与军事体力作业能力相关性.结果 随着体能的增强,机体的体脂百分比(percentage body fat,PBF)逐渐下降,肌肉百分比(percentage body muscle,PBM)逐渐增加.其中PBM与VO2 max、引体向上成绩、立定跳远成绩显著正相关(r =0.30,0.48,0.18,P<0.05),与5000m跑耗时显著负相关(r=-0.26,P<0.01);而PBF与VO2 max、引体向上成绩、立定跳远成绩显著负相关(r=-0.30,-0.47,-0.19,P<0.05),与5000m跑时间显著正相关(r=0.25,P<0.05);腰臀脂肪比(waist-hip fat ratio)与VO2 max、引体向上成绩显著负相关(r=-0.16,-0.17,P<0.05).结论 人体肌肉含量的增加与军事体力作业能力显著正相关,而脂肪含量的增加和腰臀脂肪比的升高与军事体力作业能力显著负相关,肌肉、体脂含量及腰臀脂肪比可作为我军军事体力作业能力预测与评估模型的重要参数因子.%Objective To provide the evidence for establishing a prediction and assessment model of military physical operation capacity by analyzing soldiers' s body compositions and studying the correlation between military physical operation capacity and body compositions. Methods Two hundred male soldiers were enrolled in this study. Their performance of 5 000 m run, pull-ups, standing long distance jump and V02max was measured following the GJB1337-92 criteria. The soldiers were divided into poorest, poorer, mode

  13. Drain Current Model for Double Gate (DG) p-n-i-n TFET: Accumulation to Inversion Region of Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upasana; Narang, Rakhi; Saxena, Manoj; Gupta, Mridula

    2017-04-01

    In this paper, drain current model has been formulated for Double Gate (DG) p-n-i-n Tunnel FET (TFET) using Lambert-W function. The model includes the impact of mobile charges, gate dielectric thickness (tox) and channel thickness (tsi) on quasi fermi level, gate threshold voltage (VTG), onset voltage (VGonset) and Tunneling Barrier Width (TBW) over the entire operating range i.e. accumulation to inversion state. Important electrostatic and electrical parameters such as the effective potential (φeffective) at the center of the channel, 2-D channel potential, electric field, energy band profile and Tunneling Barrier Width (TBW) dependent drain current have been modeled. Moreover, gate and drain bias controllability in different operating regimes has also been investigated by varying oxide thickness (tox), channel thickness (tsi), intrinsic channel length (Lint) and at different temperatures. Important FOMs required for analog circuit performance such as transconductance (gm), drain conductance (gd), output resistance (Rout), early voltage (VEA) have also been evaluated and verified using ATLAS device simulation software.

  14. Mitochondrial uncoupler FCCP activates proton conductance but does not block store-operated Ca(2+) current in liver cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    To, Minh-Son; Aromataris, Edoardo C; Castro, Joel; Roberts, Michael L; Barritt, Greg J; Rychkov, Grigori Y

    2010-03-15

    Uncouplers of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, including carbonilcyanide p-triflouromethoxyphenylhydrazone (FCCP) and carbonilcyanide m-cholorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), are widely used in experimental research to investigate the role of mitochondria in cellular function. Unfortunately, it is very difficult to interpret the results obtained in intact cells using FCCP and CCCP, as these agents not only inhibit mitochondrial potential, but may also affect membrane potential and cell volume. Here we show by whole-cell patch clamping that in primary rat hepatocytes and H4IIE liver cells, FCCP induced large proton currents across the plasma membrane, but did not activate any other observable conductance. In intact hepatocytes FCCP inhibits thapsigargin-activated store-operated Ca(2+) entry, but in patch clamping under the conditions of strong Ca(2+) buffering it has no effect on store-operated Ca(2+) current (I(SOC)). These results indicate that there is no direct connection between mitochondria and activation of I(SOC) in liver cells and support the notion of indirect regulation of I(SOC) by mitochondrial Ca(2+) buffering.

  15. China's Military Diplomacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Qisong; Li Baowen

    2008-01-01

    Since the end of the Cold War, China's military diplomacy has displayed an omni-directional and multi-level form, and with an increasing transparency which has increased trust and reduced doubt. China has enhanced its conventional military functions and strengthened its military soft power. This has helped China develop into a responsible state on the world stage. Through military exchanges with other countries, the Chinese military has gradually strengthened its ability to undertake a variety of tasks. The Chinese military has to make greater efforts to counter the perception of a "China threat." There is also a need to establish a system of military spokesmen and to develop a theory of military diplomacy with Chinese characteristics.

  16. TRICARE, Military Health System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Claim Get Proof of TRICARE Coverage View My Military Health Record Less State of Emergency in North ... Disaster Information Download a Form Go Paperless My Military Health Records Multimedia Center Plan Information Kits Recoupment ...

  17. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... total__ Find out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health ... 10 VA HSR&D Investigator Insights: Military Sexual Trauma - Duration: 3:27. Veterans Health Administration 898 views ...

  18. National Military Family Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 931.6632 info@MilitaryFamily.org © 2016 - National Military Family Association Twitter Facebook Pinterest Instagram Charity Navigator Four Star Charity GuideStar Exchange Better Business Bureau Charity Watch Independent Charity of America nonprofit ...

  19. Unreviewed Disposal Question Evaluation: Impact of New Information since 2008 PA on Current Low-Level Solid Waste Operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flach, G.; Smith, F.; Hamm, L.; Butcher, T.

    2014-10-06

    Solid low-level waste disposal operations are controlled in part by an E-Area Low-Level Waste Facility (ELLWF) Performance Assessment (PA) that was completed by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) in 2008 (WSRC 2008). Since this baseline analysis, new information pertinent to disposal operations has been identified as a natural outcome of ongoing PA maintenance activities and continuous improvement in model simulation techniques (Flach 2013). An Unreviewed Disposal Question (UDQ) Screening (Attachment 1) has been initiated regarding the continued ability of the ELLWF to meet Department of Energy (DOE) Order 435.1 performance objectives in light of new PA items and data identified since completion of the original UDQ Evaluation (UDQE). The present UDQE assesses the ability of Solid Waste (SW) to meet performance objectives by estimating the influence of new information items on a recent sum-of-fractions (SOF) snapshot for each currently active E-Area low-level waste disposal unit. A final SOF, as impacted by this new information, is projected based on the assumptions that the current disposal limits, Waste Information Tracking System (WITS) administrative controls, and waste stream composition remain unchanged through disposal unit operational closure (Year 2025). Revision 1 of this UDQE addresses the following new PA items and data identified since completion of the original UDQE report in 2013: New Kd values for iodine, radium and uranium; Elimination of cellulose degradation product (CDP) factors; Updated radionuclide data; Changes in transport behavior of mobile radionuclides; Potential delay in interim closure beyond 2025; and Component-in-grout (CIG) plume interaction correction. Consideration of new information relative to the 2008 PA baseline generally indicates greater confidence that PA performance objectives will be met than indicated by current SOF metrics. For SLIT9, the previous prohibition of non-crushable containers in revision 0

  20. Integration of micro-fabricated atomic magnetometers on military systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Gregory; Mhaskar, Rahul; Prouty, Mark; Miller, Jonathan

    2016-05-01

    A new generation of ultra-high sensitivity magnetic sensors based on innovative micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) are being developed and incorporated into military systems. Specifically, we are currently working to fully integrate the latest generation of MicroFabricated Atomic Magnetometers (MFAMs) developed by Geometrics on defense mobility systems such as unmanned systems, military vehicles and handheld units. Recent reductions in size, weight, and power of these sensors has enabled new deployment opportunities for improved sensitivity to targets of interest, but has also introduced new challenges associated with noise mitigation, mission configuration planning, and data processing. Our work is focused on overcoming the practical aspects of integrating these sensors with various military platforms. Implications associated with utilizing these combined sensor systems in working environments are addressed in order to optimize signal-to-noise ratios, detection probabilities, and false alarm mitigation. Specifically, we present collaborative work that bridges the gap between commercial specialists and operation platform integration organizations including magnetic signature characterization and mitigation as well as the development of simulation tools that consider a wide array of sensor, environmental, platform, and mission-level parameters. We discuss unique deployment concepts for explosive hazard target geolocation, and data processing. Applications include configurations for undersea and underground threat detection - particularly those associated with stationary or mobile explosives and compact metallic targets such as munitions, subsea threats, and other hazardous objects. We show the potential of current and future features of miniaturized magnetic sensors including very high magnetic field sensitivities, bandwidth selectivity, and array processing.

  1. Cognitive Performance in Operational Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Michael; McGhee, James; Friedler, Edna; Thomas, Maria

    2005-01-01

    Optimal cognition during complex and sustained operations is a critical component for success in current and future military operations. "Cognitive Performance, Judgment, and Decision-making" (CPJD) is a newly organized U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command research program focused on sustaining operational effectiveness of Future Force Warriors by developing paradigms through which militarily-relevant, higher-order cognitive performance, judgment, and decision-making can be assessed and sustained in individuals, small teams, and leaders of network-centric fighting units. CPJD evaluates the impact of stressors intrinsic to military operational environments (e.g., sleep deprivation, workload, fatigue, temperature extremes, altitude, environmental/physiological disruption) on military performance, evaluates noninvasive automated methods for monitoring and predicting cognitive performance, and investigates pharmaceutical strategies (e.g., stimulant countermeasures, hypnotics) to mitigate performance decrements. This manuscript describes the CPJD program, discusses the metrics utilized to relate militarily applied research findings to academic research, and discusses how the simulated combat capabilities of a synthetic battle laboratory may facilitate future cognitive performance research.

  2. Why has Mongolia Chosen to Participate in Peace Support Operations? An Analysis of Current Trends and Future Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    or Self?”, Journal of Peace Research, Vol.32, No. 2 (May 1995), 181. 70 Arturo C. Sotomayor Velazquez , “Why Some States Participate in UN Peace...and Changing World Politics, 5th edition (The Westview Press, 2008), 7. 79 Arturo C. Sotomayor Velazquez , “Why Some States Participate in UN Peace...82 Arturo C. Sotomayor Velazquez , “Why Some States Participate in UN Peace Missions While Others Do Not: An Analysis of Civil-Military

  3. Improved resiliency and well-being among military personnel in a Swedish Naval Force after a counter-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bäccman, Charlotte; Hjärthag, Fredrik; Almqvist, Kjerstin

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this study was to explore: (1) how the psychological health of the members of the first European Union Naval Force (ME01) was affected by international deployment off the coast of Somalia; and (2) if and how organizational and personal factors (e.g., type of personnel category, previous experiences, and resilience) affected their psychological health and well-being post-deployment. The study had an exploratory longitudinal design, where the participants were assessed both before and after deployment (i.e., T1 and T2). The participants (n = 129, 120 men, 9 women) were equally distributed between officers (n = 68; 64 men, 4 women) and sailors (n = 61; 56 men, 5 women). The members' average age was 31 years, ranging from 20 to 61. For the majority (78%) ME01 was their first international deployment and officers were, in general, more experienced than sailors. The overall results showed that the members' reported a positive experience with improved resilience and well-being (e.g., sense of coherence). However, the result also showed that type of personnel category (i.e., officer or sailor) affected their psychological health. Why and how these differences among military personnel arise is discussed, but deserves further attention.

  4. Integrated biodosimetry in large scale radiological events. Opportunities for civil military co-operation; Integrierte Biodosimetrie bei radiologischen Grossschadensereignissen. Moeglichkeiten fuer zivil-militaerische Zusammenarbeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Port, M.; Eder, S.F.; Lamkowski, A.; Majewski, M.; Abend, M. [Institut fuer Radiobiologie der Bundeswehr, Muenchen (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    Radiological events like large scale radiological or nuclear accidents, terroristic attacks with radionuclide dispersal devices require rapid and precise medical classification (''triage'') and medical management of a large number of patients. Estimates on the absorbed dose and in particular predictions of the radiation induced health effects are mandatory for optimized allocation of limited medical resources and initiation of patient centred treatment. Among the German Armed Forces Medical Services the Bundeswehr Institute of Radiobiology offers a wide range of tools for the purpose of medical management to cope with different scenarios. The forward deployable mobile Medical Task Force has access to state of the art methodologies summarized into approaches such as physical dosimetry (including mobile gammaspectroscopy), clinical ''dosimetry'' (prodromi, H-Modul) and different means of biological dosimetry (e.g. dicentrics, high throughput gene expression techniques, gamma-H2AX). The integration of these different approaches enables trained physicians of the Medical Task Force to assess individual health injuries as well as prognostic evaluation, considering modern treatment options. To enhance the capacity of single institutions, networking has been recognized as an important emergency response strategy. The capabilities of physical, biological and clinical ''dosimetry'' approaches spanning from low up to high radiation exposures will be discussed. Furthermore civil military opportunities for combined efforts will be demonstrated.

  5. Team spirit makes the difference: the interactive effects of team work engagement and organizational constraints during a military operation on psychological outcomes afterwards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boermans, S M; Kamphuis, W; Delahaij, R; van den Berg, C; Euwema, M C

    2014-12-01

    This article prospectively explores the effects of collective team work engagement and organizational constraints during military deployment on individual-level psychological outcomes afterwards. Participants were 971 Dutch peacekeepers within 93 teams who were deployed between the end of 2008 and beginning of 2010, for an average of 4 months, in the International Security Assistance Force. Surveys were administered 2 months into deployment and 6 months afterwards. Multi-level regression analyses demonstrated that team work engagement during deployment moderated the relation between organizational constraints and post-deployment fatigue symptoms. Team members reported less fatigue symptoms after deployment if they were part of highly engaged teams during deployment, particularly when concerns about organizational constraints during deployment were high. In contrast, low team work engagement was related to more fatigue symptoms, particularly when concerns about organizational constraints were high. Contrary to expectations, no effects for team work engagement or organizational constraints were found for post-traumatic growth. The present study highlights that investing in team work engagement is important for those working in highly demanding jobs.

  6. [Haemovigilance and blood safety in overseas military].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sailliol, A; Plang, S; Martinaud, C; Pouget, T; Vedy, S; Clavier, B; Cellarier, V; Roche, C; Civadier, C; Ausset, S

    2014-11-01

    The French military blood institute (FMBI) is the only military blood supplier in France. FMBI operates independently and autonomously under the Ministry of Defense's supervision, and accordingly, to the French, European and NATO technical and safety guidelines. FMBI is in charge of the collection, preparation and distribution of blood products to supply transfusion support to armed forces, especially during overseas operations. In overseas military, a primary physician is responsible for haemovigilance in permanent relation with an expert in the FMBI to manage any adverse reaction. Additionally, traceability of delivered or collected blood products during overseas operation represents a priority, allowing an appropriate management of transfusion inquiries and assessment of practices aiming to improve and update procedures and training. Transfusion safety in overseas operation is based on regular and specific training of people concerned by blood supply chain in exceptional situation.

  7. Military service and crime: new evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowden, David L; Oh, Sehun; Salas-Wright, Christopher P; Vaughn, Michael G; King, Erika

    2017-05-01

    Evidence indicates that a substantial proportion of military personnel are involved in high-risk and antisocial behaviors that place them at jeopardy for criminal justice system involvement. However, prior research on military service and crime has disproportionately focused on veterans from the Vietnam War era (1955-1975), and has tended to focus on either current or former military members. This study employed data from a population-based study (i.e., National Study on Drug Use and Health [NSDUH] between 2002 and 2014). It systematically examines the prevalence of self-reported antisocial behaviors, criminal justice system involvement, and substance abuse among the US civilian population and military service members, including reservists (n = 2206) and those who reported having been separated or retired from military service (n = 20,551). These factors are further examined across the developmental spectrum of adulthood (ages 18-34, 35-49, and 50-64). Results showed that military members were more prone to lifetime arrests and overall substance misuse. However, additional findings emerged suggesting that, while the military population overall seems to be positively associated with higher criminal activity than that found in the civilian population, these findings were based on a specific subgroup of the veteran population. This subgroup is comprised of individuals who likely did not fit in with the military culture and were discharged from the military early in their careers. Additional research on identifying this subgroup of military members is encouraged to better concentrate on prevention and treatment measures.

  8. Nuclear Weapon and Military Equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Natarajan

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available Military equipment must survive a, nuclear attack if enough personnel required to operate them remain combat effective. To achieve this goal, the criteria that determine equipment survivability should be established and any new design should incorporate these criteria to evolve a hardened design. An analysis of the overall response by considering the response to each individual nuclear environment can result in a balanced overall hardened system. The paper discusses the criteria required to be known.

  9. Transforming America’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-08-01

    information era is different from the industrial era, the rich experiences of the past century provide useful guidelines for thinking about how to...central mil- itary lesson of the Cold War’s final climactic years. Managing Change: Transformation for the Information Era Today, the U.S. military...formations. It might not robustly pursue joint operations, information - era networking, and new doctrines. It might overlook opportunities to strengthen U.S

  10. Deterrence in Professional Military Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    guide operational planning; moreover, complex escalation scenarios in- creasingly are the focus of tabletops and war games in the strategic forces...that can deliver advantages not only in power pro - jection but in all aspects of strategic warfare. Professional military education (PME), however...but it is not clear how well such disparate activities address deterrence. A good model for working-level pro - fessionals is the Strategic Policy

  11. Winning without Fighting: Military/Ngo Interaction Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    thesis suggests that the U.S. military is not currently postured and prepared to handle the increasing humanitarian requirement. This thesis analyzes...U.S. military is not currently postured and prepared to handle the increasing humanitarian requirement. This thesis analyzes the interactions that...coordination; health; protection; agriculture; emergency telecommunications; early recovery; education; and water, sanitation, and hygiene

  12. 2nd International Conference on Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Military Sciences (2nd AMIMS)

    CERN Document Server

    Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering

    2014-01-01

    Analysis, assessment, and data management are core competencies for operation research analysts. This volume addresses a number of issues and developed methods for improving those skills. It is an outgrowth of a conference held in April 2013 at the Hellenic Military Academy, and brings together a broad variety of mathematical methods and theories with several applications. It discusses directions and pursuits of scientists that pertain to engineering sciences. It is also presents the theoretical background required for algorithms and techniques applied to a large variety of concrete problems. A number of open questions as well as new future areas are also highlighted. This book will appeal to operations research analysts, engineers, community decision makers, academics, the military community, practitioners sharing the current “state-of-the-art,” and analysts from coalition partners. Topics covered include Operations Research, Games and Control Theory, Computational Number Theory and Information Security,...

  13. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    American officer: "Let’s go in there, Comrade Major." Worth’s brows rose . Viktor also realized his inadvert- ence. What could he do? He was accustomed...It can be straightened out only by applying social and governmental solutions. What are the current provisions pertaining to housing for... Nikola - yevich Tukhachevskiy and an entire galaxy of Soviet military leaders who had been tempered in the crucibles of military ordeals of World War

  14. Observations on military exploitation of explosives detection technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faust, Anthony A.; de Ruiter, C. J.; Ehlerding, Anneli; McFee, John E.; Svinsås, Eirik; van Rheenen, Arthur D.

    2011-06-01

    Accurate and timely detection of explosives, energetic materials, and their associated compounds would provide valuable information to military commanders in a wide range of military operations: protection of fast moving convoys from mobile or static IED threats; more deliberate countermine and counter-IED operations during route or area clearance; and static roles such as hasty or deliberate checkpoints, critical infrastructure protection and support to public security. The detection of hidden explosive hazards is an extremely challenging problem, as evidenced by the fact that related research has been ongoing in many countries for at least seven decades and no general purpose solution has yet been found. Technologies investigated have spanned all major scientific fields, with emphasis on the physical sciences, life sciences, engineering, robotics, computer technology and mathematics. This paper will present a limited, operationally-focused overview of the current status of detection technologies. Emphasis will be on those technologies that directly detect the explosive hazard, as opposed to those that detect secondary properties of the threat, such as the casing, associated wires or electronics. Technologies that detect explosives include those based on nuclear radiation and terahertz radiation, as well as trace and biological detection techniques. Current research areas of the authors will be used to illustrate the practical applications.

  15. Natural Resources: Defense and Interior Can Better Manage Land Withdrawn for Military Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-04-01

    preclude BLM offices from making progress, such monitoring can provide greater assurance of successful resource management At the Goldwater, Greely...is assured . The DoD also agrees that baseline data is needed to assess the cumulative effects of current and proposed military operations on range and...with genezull accepte government auditng gandards Pae so G&MLNSAD-44-6 Natural Remourcei Appendix IX Major Contributors to This Report National

  16. Promoting Parenting to Support Reintegrating Military Families: After Deployment, Adaptive Parenting Tools

    OpenAIRE

    Gewirtz, Abigail H.; Pinna, Keri L. M.; Hanson, Sheila K; Brockberg, Dustin

    2014-01-01

    The high operational tempo of the current conflicts and the unprecedented reliance on National Guard and Reserve forces highlights the need for services to promote reintegration efforts for those transitioning back to civilian family life. Despite evidence that parenting has significant influence on children’s functioning, and that parenting may be impaired during stressful family transitions, there is a dearth of empirically-supported psychological interventions tailored for military familie...

  17. Transitioning from military medics to registered nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keita MD

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Mohamed D Keita,1 Valerie J Diaz,1,2 Audrey P Miller,1 Maria Olenick,1 Sharon R Simon1 1Department of Undergraduate Nursing, Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, 2Operational Health Support Unit Jacksonville, United States Navy Nurse Corps, Jacksonville, FL, USA Abstract: The nursing shortage in the USA is expected to reach 260,000 registered nurses (RNs by 2025. The most profound shortages are expected in California and Florida, translating into 109,779 and 128,364 RN jobs, respectively. Despite a foreseen growth in nursing career opportunities nationwide, the supply of nurses will be insufficient to meet the corresponding demand. Capitalizing on prior education, experience, and skills of military clinical personnel to fill these jobs could significantly reduce the projected nursing shortage. Florida International University's Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Sciences is circumventing barriers to recruit, retain, and graduate transitioning veteran medics and corpsmen as Bachelor of Science in Nursing prepared RNs who reintegrate into the civilian workforce. The Veteran Bachelor of Science in Nursing (VBSN program is in the form of a cooperative agreement between Florida International University and the US Health Resources and Services Administration. The VBSN program's main objective is to build upon the unique leadership skills, clinical education, and training of military medics and corpsmen to ensure successful completion of the Bachelor of Science in Nursing curriculum. VBSN students, as veterans themselves, have unique knowledge and exposure to the specific health issues and needs of the veteran population overall. They are poised and best prepared to effectively care for the US population, particularly the current 22 million US veterans and 1.6 million Florida veterans. Additionally, the VBSN program will alleviate the challenges, such as the lack of recognition of

  18. Human Emotional State and its Relevance for Military VR Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-07-01

    experience of military VR simulation training: human emotional state. Anxiety is a common emotional state in military operating environments. Real world...anecdotally be seen when repeated exposure to stressful military training leads to a gradual decline in anxiety responses as the trainee learns to “manage...Ample evidence for such a habituation process can be seen in the fledgling VR/mental health field whereby phobic patients are able to effectively face

  19. Mental Health Among Reserve Component Military Service Members and Veterans

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Gregory H.; Fink, David S.; Sampson, Laura; Galea, Sandro

    2015-01-01

    Since 2001, the US military has increasingly relied on National Guard and reserve component forces to meet operational demands. Differences in preparation and military engagement experiences between active component and reserve component forces have long suggested that the psychiatric consequences of military engagement differ by component. We conducted a systematic review of prevalence and new onset of psychiatric disorders among reserve component forces and a meta-analysis of prevalence est...

  20. A Prospective Observational Study of Abdominal Injury Management in Contemporary Military Operations: Damage Control Laparotomy Is Associated With High Survivability and Low Rates of Fecal Diversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    extra-abdominal complications, time in the operating theatre, intensive care unit ( ICU ) and hospital lengths of stay, and mortality. We defined a DCL as...4” provides “definitive care . . . [comprising] specialist surgical proce- dures, reconstruction, rehabilitation , and convalescence. This level of...as the time at which abdominal activity ended was not recorded. Data on operating theatre time and ICU stay relate only to activity at Role 3, as we

  1. Impact of Population Aging on Military and Security Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Šimková

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Population ageing is among the most important problems of developed European countries and the most frequently discussed social issues. The Czech Republic also faces population ageing and we cannot expect a different trend in the future. Life expectancy has increased due to better health care while current lifestyle often leads to lower natality, resulting in a negative rate of natural increase and a decreasing proportion of young people in population in the future. This problem affects all spheres of life and social and economic development. Population ageing may pose a threat to the security of the population in different ways. The functioning of the security system may be threatened due to decreasing workforce. Population ageing may undercut resources for military budgets. Young recruits represent an important part of military forces and the latter are competing in the labour market with more attractive occupations. Especially ensuring the stability of the personnel needed for securing crisis situations would be a significant problem of near future. This paper presents a demographic perspective on staffing and correct operation of military forces in the context of population ageing. It describes the current situation of human resources in the military policy of the Czech Republic and determines the negative impact of population ageing on recruitment potential. It deals with the sustainability of human resources for security forces.

  2. Military Suicide

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    CDYA) programs. (S) Evaluate the appropriateness and, if appropriate, the Feasibility of operating a crisis hot line in all Army MTFs which maintain...Affairs), Washington, D.C., July 1985. 2. Deparatment of Health and Human Services, Helth Unitgd States. 1584, December 1S8’*. 3. Wood, Major Billy R...James E., Jr. "Suicide Prevention in the Air Force: A Training Guide For Crisis Intervention Service Volunteer Counselors". Unpublished Air Command

  3. MILITARY COUPS AND MILITARY REGIMES IN AFRICA

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Growth of Military StatesAs late as 1961 the African image had not been tarnished to any great extent by the incidence of military coups. Indeed, a field study tour conducted in 1960- 1 - the year of independence as it has been called - to investigate the place of the armed forces in societies in Africa did not provide the evidence on which to forecast the eventual spate of coups. Togo was the first country in West Africa to experience a military coup when on 13 January 1963 Togolese soldiers...

  4. Pushing the Limits of Military Coercion Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Peter Viggo

    2011-01-01

    military coercion works and how the practical problems involved could be addressed. Our understanding of military coercion would be increased markedly if only coercion theorists would make a greater efforts to do three things, namely (1) provide clear operational definitions of key concepts and variables......, (2) engage in systematic and rigorous empirical analysis of generally accepted propositions, and (3) seek to provide solutions to the many policy problems that coercion theorists have identified to date. These simple steps would enhance the degree of cumulativity within the field, provide......The centrality of military coercion in contemporary Western crisis and conflict management constitutes a major policy problem because the United States and its allies are poor at translating their overwhelming military superiority into adversary compliance. The standard explanation provided...

  5. Preparative isolation of cordycepin, N(6)-(2-hydroxyethyl)-adenosine and adenosine from Cordyceps militaris by macroporous resin and purification by recycling high-speed counter-current chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhong; Tudi, Tuernisan; Liu, Yanfang; Zhou, Shuai; Feng, Na; Yang, Yan; Tang, Chuanhong; Tang, Qingjiu; Zhang, Jingsong

    2016-10-15

    In this study, cordycepin, N(6)-(2-hydroxyethyl)-adenosine (HEA) and adenosine from the fruiting bodies of Cordyceps militaris were separated by using macroporous resin NKA-II adsorption. The parameters of static adsorption were tested and the optimized conditions were as follow: the total adsorption time was 12h, 50% ethanol was used for desorption and the desorption time was 9h. The crude sample that was prepared by macroporous resin NKA-II contained 3.4% cordycepin, 3.7% HEA and 4.9% adenosine. Then the crude sample was further purified by recycling high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) with ethyl acetate, n-butanol, 1.5% aqueous ammonium hydroxide (1:4:5, v/v/v) as the optimized two-phase solvent system. Three nucleosides including 15.6mg of cordycepin, 16.9mg of HEA and 23.2mg of adenosine were obtained from 500mg of crude sample in one-step separation. The purities of three compounds were 98.5, 98.3 and 98.0%, respectively, as determined by high performance liquid chromatography. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  6. The Current Status and the Development Strategy of Sci-tech Novelty Retrieval Center in a Military hospital%某军队医药查新站工作现状及发展策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄芳; 白萍

    2015-01-01

    Objective examine the current status of Science and Technology Novelty about Medicine and Health Sciences in the Guangzhou Military Region during 2010 to 2013.Methods Using Microsoft Excel software to conduct statistical analysis on data that including the novelty of the client' s new projects,subject classification,the level of project award application,client unit,type of requested projects,innovative items,etc.Results The total number of applying for project innovation checking showed a decreasing trend in the Guangzhou Military Region;the majority of awarded application was for the third Prize;and the requirested for new project innovation checking is far less than project innovation award checking.Conclusions The center should actively promote the understanding for the innovation of the new projects among the research groups,and improve the class of prize award.%目的 针对2010-2013年广州总医院医药卫生科技查新站工作现状,探讨查新工作的发展策略.方法 采用Microsoft Excel软件对查新委托项目中的查新目的、课题学科分类、课题报奖等级、查新委托单位、查新项目等统计指标进行数据分析.结果 近4年广州军区查新项目总数呈递减趋势,查新课题多数倾向于临床医学和军事医学,但军区各单位申报奖励以申报三等奖的为主,并且立项查新远少于报奖查新.结论 查新站应积极推广查新工作,加强各项目组对课题新颖性的了解,提高成果申报的水平.

  7. The Future of Information Operations in the United States Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    as Marketing Marketing tools and concepts could generate support for coalition military operations just as an advertiser promoting a commercial...military, the advanced application of marketing tools to leverage humanitarian assistance and public affairs within an Information Operations plan

  8. Military Engagement with Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    social media . There has never been a better opportunity for an organization to instantly communicate with millions of people, yet the Department of Defense has spent the last several years struggling to establish or use a viable networking platform. We have the potential for over a million military members to become part of a social network, receiving both operational and strategic information; not by maintaining numerous and redundant databases and accounts, but by simply having a social media site. Operational information could be shared with

  9. Military spending and economic growth: the case of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza

    2011-01-01

    Iranian government budget on military over the last decade has been higher than the average of the world. The current increasing international sanctions aim to reduce the military capabilities and capacities of the Iranian government. In this study, we analyze the response of the Iranian economy to shocks in its military budget from 1959-2007, using Impulse Response Functions (IRF) and Variance Decomposition Analysis (VDA) techniques. The Granger causality results show that there is unidirect...

  10. Military Advice and Civil-Military Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    Ballinger Publishing Company, 1985. Builder, Carl H. The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...9 Carl H. Builder, The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...11 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (New York, New York: Everyman’s Library , 1993), 733. 6 importance and thus the

  11. The Bipolar Field-Effect Transistor:Ⅶ. The Unipolar Current Mode for Analog-RF Operation(Two-MOS-Gates on Pure-Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jie Binbin; Sah Chih-Tang

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports the DC steady-state current-voltage and conductance-voltage characteristics of a Bipolar Field-Effect Transistor (BiFET) under the unipolar (electron) current mode of operation, with bipolar (elec-tron and hole) charge distributions considered. The model BiFET example presented has two MOS-gates on the two surfaces of a thin pure silicon base layer with electron and hole contacts on both edges of the thin base. The hole contacts on both edges of the thin pure base layer are grounded to give zero hole current. This 1-transistor analog-RF Basic Building Block nMOS amplifier circuit, operated in the unipolar current mode, complements the 1-transistor digital Basic Build Block CMOS voltage inverter circuit, operated in the bipolar-current mode just presented by us.

  12. The effect of applied control strategy on the current-voltage correlation of a solid oxide fuel cell stack during dynamic operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szmyd Janusz S.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the transient characteristics of the planar type SOFC cell stack, of which the standard output is 300 W. The transient response of the voltage to the manipulation of an electric current was investigated. The effects of the response and of the operating condition determined by the operating temperature of the stack were studied by mapping a current-voltage (I-V correlation. The current-based fuel control (CBFC was adopted for keeping the fuel utilization factor at constant while the value of the electric current was ramped at the constant rate. The present experimental study shows that the transient characteristics of the cell voltage are determined by primarily the operating temperature caused by the manipulation of the current. Particularly, the slope of the I-V curve and the overshoot found on the voltage was remarkably influenced by the operating temperature. The different values of the fuel utilization factor influence the height of the settled voltages. The CBFC has significance in determining the slope of the I-V characteristic, but the different values ofthe fuel utilization factor does not affect the slope as the operating temperature does. The CBFC essentially does not alter the amplitude of the overshoot on the voltage response, since this is dominated by the operating temperature and its change is caused by manipulating the current.

  13. THE DESULTORY POLITICS OF MOBILITY AND THE HUMANITARIAN-MILITARY BORDER IN THE MEDITERRANEAN. MARE NOSTRUM BEYOND THE SEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Tazzioli

    Full Text Available Abstract This article investigates the reshaping of the military-humanitarian border in the Mediterranean, focusing on the Italian military-humanitarian mission Mare Nostrum, that started for rescuing migrants at sea after the deaths of hundreds of migrants in October 2013 near the coasts of the island of Lampedusa. The main argument is that in order to understand the working of the military-humanitarian border at sea and its impacts, we must go beyond the space of the sea, and analysing it in the light of the broader functioning of migration governmentality. The notion of desultory politics of mobility is deployed here for describing the specific temporality of the humanitarian border working and its politics of visibility. In particular, an analytical gaze on the military-humanitarian operations at sea to rescue-and-control of migrants’ movements shows that what is at stake is the production of some practices of mobility as exceptional. Then, this article takes on Mare Nostrum operation for exploring the ways in which the military and the humanitarian are rearticulated and how they currently work together.

  14. Future trends in commercial and military systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bond, F. E.

    Commercial and military satellite communication systems are addressed, with a review of current applications and typical communication characteristics of the space and earth segments. Drivers for the development of future commercial systems include: the pervasion of digital techniques and services, growing orbit and frequency congestion, demand for more entertainment, and the large potential market for commercial 'roof-top' service. For military systems, survivability, improved flexibility, and the need for service to small mobile terminals are the principal factors involved. Technical trends include the use of higher frequency bands, multibeam antennas and a significant increase in the application of onboard processing. Military systems will employ a variety of techniques to counter both physical and electronic threats. The use of redundant transmission paths is a particularly effective approach. Successful implementation requires transmission standards to achieve the required interoperability among the pertinent networks. For both the military and commercial sectors, the trend toward larger numbers of terminals and more complex spacecraft is still persisting.

  15. Assessment of Military Cultural Competence: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Eric G; Hall-Clark, Brittany N; Hamaoka, Derrick; Peterson, Alan L

    2015-08-01

    Cultural competence is widely considered a cornerstone of patient care. Efforts to improve military cultural competency have recently gained national attention. Assessment of cultural competence is a critical component to this effort, but no assessment of military cultural competence currently exists. An assessment of military cultural competence (AMCC) was created through broad input and consensus. Careful review of previous cultural competency assessment designs and analysis techniques was considered. The AMCC was organized into three sections: skills, attitudes, and knowledge. In addition to gathering data to determine absolute responses from groups with different exposure levels to the military (direct, indirect, and none), paired questions were utilized to assess relative competencies between military culture and culture in general. Piloting of the AMCC revealed significant differences between military exposure groups. Specifically, those with personal military exposure were more likely to be in absolute agreement that the military is a culture, were more likely to screen for military culture, and had increased knowledge of military culture compared to those with no military exposure. Relative differences were more informative. For example, all groups were less likely to agree that their personal culture could be at odds with military culture as compared to other cultures. Such perceptions could hinder asking difficult questions and thus undermine care. The AMCC is a model for the measurement of the skills, attitudes, and knowledge related to military cultural competence. With further validity testing, the AMCC will be helpful in the critical task of measuring outcomes in ongoing efforts to improve military cultural competence. The novel approach of assessing variance appears to reduce bias and may also be helpful in the design of other cultural competency assessments.

  16. [Current status of operations in community general support centers and the correlation of personal traits, work environment and occupational stress].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, Yoshie

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the current status of operations at community general support centers which provide coordination for elderly care and the correlation of personal traits, work environment and the occupational stress of the staff. Subjects of the study were 251 staff members of community general support centers. The current status of operations at the community general support centers and the personal traits, work environment, effort-remuneration imbalance model (ERI) and general health questionnaire (GHQ) were surveyed. The initial analysis involved a comparison by a chi-square test on: The effort-remuneration ratio (E/R ratio) of personal traits and work environment, risk of over-commitment (OC), and GHQ score. To explore the correlation between the E/R ratio of the three GHQ groups (low, middle and high score groups) and the OC value, one-way analysis of variance was performed. Out of the four basic functions of the community general support centers, 22.0% of the respondents noted that "establishment of a regional, comprehensive/multi-tiered service network" was functioning, and 50.4% of respondents noted that "comprehensive and continuous care management" was functioning. The average effort score was 15.5 +/- 5.3, approximately double the average value of preceding studies. Significant differences found in GHQ scores were related to working hours (pworking hours of 50 h or more" (OR: 10.38, 95% CI: 2.52-42.70), "Unstable employment" (OR: 2.75, 95% CI: 1.22-6.21) and "Anxiety related to task content" (OR: 17.04, 95% CI: 3.57-81.24). Items observed to have significant correlation with OC value risk factors were: "Weekly working hours of 50 h or more" (OR: 8.04, 95% CI: 1.99-32.41) and "Anxiety related to task content" (OR: 4.60, 95% CI: 2.04-10.37). We conclude that the basic functions of the community general support centers are not presently very functional. The stress levels of the community general support center staff are high and

  17. Military Retention. A Comparative Outlook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile Sminchise

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the main goals for human resources management structures and for armed forces leaders is to maintain all necessary personnel, both qualitatively and quantitatively for operational needs or for full required capabilities. The retention of military personnel is essential to keep morale and unit readiness and to reduce the costs for recruiting, training, replacement of manpower. Retention rates depend not only on money or other social measures. The goal for retention is to keep in use the most valuable resource that belongs to an organization: the human beings and their knowledge. The aim pf this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of retention measures in various countries based on Research and Technology Organisation report released in 2007 and, thus, provide more examples of retention measures as far as the Romanian military system is concerned.

  18. Military Surgeon and Humanity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Lu; WANG Yiran

    2015-01-01

    Military surgeons are a special group of doctors. They are both medical workers and soldiers.Their mission is to serve the wounded on the battlefield.And there is no doubt that military surgeons will save our comrades in the army. However,should a military surgeon save the wounded enemy? It is indeed a dilemma.Some may save the wounded enemy because military surgeons are doctors after all and they can't possibly abandon anybody to his fate,but some refuse to do so because military surgeons are soldiers.Therefore,some situations on the battlefield are discussed and advice is suggested for military surgeons,with heartfelt anticipation for there being less casualties on the battlefield as well as alleviating human suffering caused by war.

  19. Military Surgeon and Humanity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU; Lu; WANG; Yiran

    2015-01-01

    Military surgeons are a special group of doctors.They are both medical workers and soldiers.Their mission is to serve the wounded on the battlefield.And there is no doubt that military surgeons will save our comrades in the army.However,should a military surgeon save the wounded enemy?It is indeed a dilemma.Some may save the wounded enemy because military surgeons are doctors after all and they can’t possibly abandon anybody to his fate,but some refuse to do so because military surgeons are soldiers.Therefore,some situations on the battlefield are discussed and advice is suggested for military surgeons,with heartfelt anticipation for there being less casualties on the battlefield as well as alleviating human suffering caused by war.

  20. Gender and Military Contextual Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Aggression

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Loneliness and aggressive behaviour. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2, 243–252. Chief of Naval Operations. (2006, December 29). Office of...A. W., & Russell , M. L. (2006). Variables associated with intimate partner violence in a deploying military sample. Military Medicine, 171, 627–631