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Sample records for curare videtur quo

  1. Emprêgo do curare em convulsoterapia

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    Amando Caiuby Novaes

    1947-12-01

    Full Text Available Curare, sob a forma de Intocostrin, foi usado em um grupo de casos selecionados, representando condições diversas que contra-indicavam a convulsoterapia não modificada. Foram realizadas 37 aplicações, sem a ocorrência de qualquer acidente traumático, verificando-se em todos os casos acentuada diminuição da rigidez tônico-clônica caraterística das crises provocadas pelos agentes convulsionantes. Com sua associação, o temor dos pacientes pela convulsoterapia se torna bastante reduzido e o mal-estar pós-paroxístico é menos intenso do que na terapêutica não modificada. A prostigmina, sendo um antídoto do curare, deve ser administrada em todos os casos em que a curarização se afigure muito pronunciada. A dose de 1 miligramo por quilo de peso é suficiente para determinar curarização satisfatória, aconselhando-se, entretanto, na primeira aplicação, o emprego de 10% menos da dose estipulada. Não verificamos a necessidade do emprego de doses de cardiazol maiores do que as utilizadas na cardiazoloterapia simples. São semelhantes os resultados clínicos obtidos com a convulsoterapia com ou sem curarização preliminar, o que demonstra que o curare não modifica a eficácia terapêutica dos agentes convulsionantes. Podemos concluir, do que acima ficou exposto, que a curarização preliminar constitui o meio ideal de eliminar com sucesso o risco de complicações traumáticas decorrentes da convulsoterapia, permitindo, por isso, o emprego das terapêuticas de choque a indivíduos que, diante de suas condições somáticas, não poderiam, de outro modo, ser tratados com segurança. Pelas vantagens que oferece e segurança de sua administração, poderia vir a constituir, não fôra razões sobretudo de ordem econômica, prática rotineira como modificador da convulsoterapia pelo cardiazol ou eletrochoque. Foram tais considerações, aliadas ao fato de serem estas as primeiras observações publicadas em nosso meio, que nos

  2. Curare: the South American arrow poison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, M R

    2005-02-01

    The history of curare is both curious and convoluted. A product of South American culture it emerged in the sixteenth century from the mists of antiquity at the same time as quinine, coca, and chocolate. Like quinine, at first came the extract but no plant, and later the plant but no chemical compound. It took more than 300 years and the efforts of many explorers and scientists to resolve the problem. These included Condamine, Humboldt, Brodie, Waterton, Bernard, Dale, Walker, and King. Finally, the pure compound d-tubocurarine was isolated from the liana Chondrodendron and synthesised. Its specific physiological action was blockade of the effect of acetylcholine at the neuro-muscular junction. Such a paralytic poison could be used to kill oneself or others. The bizarre plot to kill the Prime Minister, Lloyd George, during the First World War is described. Fortunately this nefarious plan was thwarted by the Secret Service!

  3. Curare--a curative poison: a scientometric analysis.

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    Jil Carl

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Curare is one of the best-examined neurotoxins of the world, which has empirically been used for centuries by American Indigenes. Research on curare has been performed much later, a global scientometric analysis on curare research or its derivates does not yet exist. This bibliometric analysis is part of the global NewQis-project and should illuminate both toxic and historic issues of research on curare. METHODS: The ISI Web of Science was searched for data covering 1900 to 2013 using a term which included as many original articles on curare as possible. 3,867 articles were found and analyzed for common bibliometric items such as the number of citations, language of the articles or the (modified Hirsch-Index (h-index. Results are illustrated utilizing modern density equalizing map projections (DEMP or beam diagrams. RESULTS: Most publications were located in North America and Europe. The USA has the highest number of publications as well as the highest h-index. The number of publications overall rose until the late 1990s and later decreased. Furthermore, sudden increases of research activity are ascribable to historic events, like the first use of curare as muscle relaxant during surgery. DISCUSSION: This scientometric analysis of curare research reflects several tendencies as previously seen in other bibliometric investigations, i.e. the scientific quality standard of North America and Europe. Research on curare decreased however, due to the declining attention towards this muscle relaxant. This work exemplifies also how scientometric methods can be used to illuminate historic circumstances immediately stimulating scientific research.

  4. Residual curarization and postoperative respiratory complications following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The effect of reversal agents: sugammadex vs. neostigmine

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    Ezri Tiberiu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Incomplete muscle relaxant reversal or re-curarization may be associated with postoperative respiratory complications. In this retrospective study we compared the incidence of postoperative residual curarization and respiratory complications in association with the type of muscle relaxant reversal agent, sugammadex or neostigmine, in patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

  5. Reducing status quo bias in choice experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonnichsen, Ole; Ladenburg, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    to be superior, i.e. a status quo effect. However, in the stated preference literature, the tendency to choose the alternative representing the status quo situation seems to exceed real life status quo effects. Accordingly, status quo bias can be a problem. In the Choice Experiment literature, status quo bias...

  6. Reducing status quo bias in choice experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonnichsen, Ole; Ladenburg, Jacob

    In stated preference literature, the tendency to choose the alternative representing the status quo situation seems to exceed real life status quo effects. Accordingly, status quo bias can be a problem. In Choice Experiments, status quo bias is found to be strongly correlated with protest attitudes...

  7. Fourier series analysis of the electrophysiological pattern of fatigue in healthy human beings, after curare administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vatine, J J; Shochina, M; Mahler, Y; Gonen, B; Magora, A

    1991-08-01

    Real time computer analysis of the electrophysiological development of muscular fatigue after small doses of d-tubocurarine (TC), has been examined in anesthetized human beings. As compared to a decrease of frequency in the control measurements, previous studies have shown an increase of the frequency of spikes after TC administration. The present experiments were carried out on the biceps brachii of 8 healthy human volunteers maintained in isometric contraction against a constant counter load until complete fatigue occurred. The Fourier spectrum analysis showed a statistically significant shift to lower frequencies before, and a milder statistically non significant shift after TC. These results may indicate that under mild curarization the early phase of muscular contraction requires a higher number of large motor units and thus, at a later stage of the contraction the pool of available large motor units becomes smaller. This conclusion supports the hypothesis that mild curarization causes a state of initial muscular fatigue.

  8. O curar e o cuidar: a historia de uma relação (um ensaio

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    Maria José dos Santos Rossi

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente ensaio refere-se a um estudo da relação entre a arte de cuidar e a arte de curar. Se o cuidar existiu desde que a humanidade se constituiu, ele era um saber indiferenciado o qual tanto faziam parte as atividades elaboradas no cuidado e na cura. Utilizando autores que tratam tanto da questão da relação de poder entre os gêneros masculino e feminino, bem como situam aquelas atividades no contexto histórico, verificamos existir uma ruptura entre o cuidar e o curar, ficando este último hegemônico. O cuidar, assim se transforma em enfermagem, como atividade subalterna. Este é o início de uma pesquisa a longo prazo para situar as noções relativas da disciplina - o seu discurso.

  9. Media Challenging Status Quo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil

    structures and thus – along with a variety of both historical and socio-political conditions (Zizek 2011) – both enabling and shaping the protests against the financial powers of the world and their role in the global financial crisis. References: Christakis, N. & J. Fowler (2010): Connected. The amazing...... and dystopian trends in contemporary culture (Turner 2006). On that note, this paper examines the Occupy Wall Street-movement as an example on how social media may rock the status quo of today’s global power structures putting to use its democratic potential and its modes of communication through network......, New York: Perseus Books Group Rheingold, H. (2004). Smart Mobs. The Next Social Revolution. Cambridge MA: Basic Books Turner, F. (2006): From counterculture to cyberculture, University of Chicago Press. Zizek, S. (2011): “Dagen efter oprøret [The day after the riot]”, Dagbladet Information 26.10.12...

  10. Hegemonia e contra-hegemonia nas artes de curar oitocentistas brasileiras

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Diádiney Helena de

    2010-01-01

    No decorrer da primeira metade do século XIX, os curadores populares que atuavam no Rio de Janeiro estiveram inseridos num processo de desqualificação de seus saberes de cura, ao mesmo tempo em que a medicina acadêmica empreendia um projeto de construção da sua hegemonia nas artes de curar. Objetiva-se aqui ampliar a compreensão sobre os curadores que nunca se licenciaram e, por fim, sobre todos os curadores que tiveram suas práticas de cura desqualificadas a partir de então. Busca-se demonst...

  11. Reducing status quo bias in choice experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonnichsen, Ole; Ladenburg, Jacob

    In stated preference literature, the tendency to choose the alternative representing the status quo situation seems to exceed real life status quo effects. Accordingly, status quo bias can be a problem. In Choice Experiments, status quo bias is found to be strongly correlated with protest attitudes...... toward the cost attribute. If economic values are to be elicited, this problem is difficult to remedy. In a split sample framework we test a novel ex-ante entreaty aimed specifically at the cost attribute and find that it effectively reduces status quo bias and improves the internal validity...

  12. Lancing: quo vadis?

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    Heinemann, Lutz; Boecker, Dirk

    2011-07-01

    Today, lancing fingertips or alternative sites for obtaining a blood sample for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is a standard procedure for most patients with diabetes. The need for frequent lancing and associated discomfort and pain can be seen as a key hurdle for patients to comply with SMBG regimens. This article provides an overview of the status quo and future of lancing, focusing on key areas for future developments driven by customer and market needs. We also review technical issues and provide a background for possible improvements. The act of puncturing the skin with a lancet to obtain a blood sample seems to remain the standard procedure for the foreseeable future, because alternate ways of providing a blood sample have not demonstrated overall superiority (e.g., with laser technology). Other methods, which avoid lancing entirely, have also not gained broad market acceptance (e.g., minimally invasive continuous glucose monitoring) or not shown technical viability (e.g., noninvasive glucose monitoring). In relation to blood glucose (BG) meters and test strips, lancing has been a "stepchild" with regards to commercial attention and development efforts. Nevertheless, significant technological improvements have been made in this field to address key customer needs, including better performance (regarding pain, wound healing, and long-term sensitivity), reduced cost, and higher integration with other components of BG monitoring (e.g., integration of the lancing device with the glucose monitor). From a technical perspective, it is apparent that highly comfortable lancing can be accomplished; however, this still requires fairly advanced and complex devices. New developments are necessary to achieve this level of sophistication and performance with less intricate and costly system designs. Manufacturers' motivation to pursue these developments is compromised by the fact that they might not recoup their development cost on commercial advanced lancing

  13. The strychnine-like action of curare and related compounds on the somatosensory evoked response of the rat cortex

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    Bhargava, V. K.; Meldrum, B. S.

    1969-01-01

    1. Drugs were applied to the cerebral cortex of rats anaesthetized with pentobarbitone and changes measured in the somatosensory primary evoked response. 2. Computer-derived averages of thirty-two consecutive responses yielded stable and consistent measurements of the potential changes comprising the evoked response, and comparable records from the opposite (non-drug treated) cortex provided an essential control for systemic actions of the drug. 3. The modifications produced by curare and strychnine were indistinguishable. The first positive wave (peak latency 7 msec) was unaltered; the second positive wave (peak latency 11·5 msec) was variably enhanced, and the first and second negative waves (peak latencies 16 and 40 msec) were replaced by a much larger negative wave (peak latency 22 msec). 4. The time of onset of the effect on the negative waves and the maximal amplitude attained by the abnormal negative wave were related to the log concentration of the drug used. Curare is approximately 10 times more potent than strychnine. 5. Toxiferine I, di-allylnortoxiferine and atropine also produced this effect but were less potent than strychnine. 6. Succinylcholine, dihydro-β-erythroidine and gallamine triethiodide did not produce this effect (in concentrations up to 10-3M). 7. The observations are consistent with an action of curare and strychnine on an intracortical cholinergic inhibitory system, but other possibilities including a “non-specific excitatory action” cannot be excluded. PMID:5824927

  14. Catálogo de las Melastomatáceas de la comunidad Curare, Guayana colombiana

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    Betancur Julio

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un catálogo de las especies de Melastomataceae encontradas en el territorio de la comunidad indígena Curare, departamento de Amazonas, Colombia, área que hace parte de la región fitogeográfica de
    la Guayana, provincia Guayana occidental. El catálogo contiene una descripción morfológica de la familia y
    una lista anotada de las especies, la cual presenta para cada especie información sobre el hábito, el hábitat y la distribución geográfica. Se encontraron 27 especies y diez géneros, siendo los más ricos en especies Miconia (ocho, Clidemia (cinco y Tococa (tres. La mayor parte de las especies (17 presenta una distribución amazónica, mientras las restantes se encuentran ampliamente distribuidas en el neotrópico. La unidad fisiográfica con mayor riqueza de especies (18 fue el bosque de tierra firme, seguido por el bosque inundable (seis y el “cananguchal” (cuatro; es de resaltar el hecho al ausencia de la familia en las formaciones de caatingas.

  15. los ríos Hueque y Curarí, Estado Falcón, Venezuela (parte A

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    Scarlet Cartaya

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de la caracterización geomorfológica y sedimentológicadel complejo estuarino de la desembocadura de los ríos Hueque y Curarí, localizada en la costa nororiental delEstado Falcón (Venezuela. La investigación se desarrolló en tres fases. En la fase de campo se recolectaronmuestras de sedimentos y se realizaron mediciones morfométricas de los ambientes depositacionales. En la fasede laboratorio se ejecutaron análisis sedimentológicos de textura, carbonatos, materia orgánica, minerales pesadosy mineralogía por difracción de rayos X. La fase de gabinete se basó en la interpretación y análisis espacial de losambientes depositacionales con apoyo en fotografías aéreas y mapas topográficos a escala 1:25 000; en laconfección de los mapas y perfiles del área, y en la elaboración del modelo sedimentológico. La desembocadurade los ríos Hueque y Curarí se encuentra en un borde costero de clima semi-árido, con una cuenca de bajadensidad de drenaje y dinámica litoral de rango micromareal, marea mixta, con oleaje de alta energía y corrientelitoral favorable. Se identificaron dos grandes conjuntos sedimentológicos: Complejo Cordón Litoral (infraplaya,mesoplaya, supraplaya, dunas playeras, contrabarrera y barra, de litofacies arenosas y el Complejo Pantanoso(cauces de los ríos Hueque y Curarí, canal de marea y caño de marea, de litofacies arcillo-limosa. Los canalesfluviales se comportan como estuarios hipersalinos.

  16. Incidence and risk factors of postoperative residual curarization in patients with breast cancer: prospective cohort study

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    Zi-jing HE

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To determine the incidence and risk factors of postoperative residual curarization (PORC in patients with breast cancer after total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA with vecuronium. Methods  Two hundred and fifty-seven female patients with breast cancer undergoing breast-cancer surgery were enrolled into the present study. Anesthesia was induced with target-controlled infusion of propofol (Cp 3-4μg/ml and remifentanil (2-3 ng/ml. A bolus of vecuronium 0.1mg/ kg was administered intravenously over 5-10s as soon as the patient lost consciousness, and laryngeal mask was placed 3min later. Mechanical ventilation and TIVA were performed for maintaining anesthesia and keeping bispectral index (BIS between 40 to 60 during the operation. According to the duration of operation, 0.02mg/kg of vecuronium was administrated intermittently. Extubation of the laryngeal tube was performed according to clinical criteria. Train-of-four ratios (TOFr were immediately measured with Veryark-TOF (Guangzhou Weilifangzhou Technology Ltd, China in the recovery room. The patients were divided into two groups (Group N and Group R according to the value of TOFr at the time of extubation. N denoted the non-residual neuromuscular blockade group (TOF≥0.7, and R denoted the residual neuromuscular blockade group (TOF0.05. In group R, age and hemoglobin level were lower (P0.05. More patients in Group R received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and multiple boluses of vecuronium administration, and the duration between last dose of vecuronium to extubation was also prolonged compared with Group N (P<0.05. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified that age, neoadjuvant chemotherapy and multiple boluses of vecuronium administration were not associated with increased risk of PORC. Duration from last dose of vecuronium to extubation was associated with increased risk of PORC (OR=0.970, 95%CI 0.956-0.984, P<0.001. Conclusions PORC is commonly used in patients with

  17. Dante Alighieri: quo vadis? Nuove prospettive nel dialogo delle discipline

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    Franziska Meier

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Tagungsbericht: „Dante Alighieri – quo vadis? Neue Perspektiven im Dialog der Disziplinen“, internationale Tagung, 27. bis 29. Mai 2015, Programm: http://blog.romanischestudien.de/dante-quo-vadis/

  18. Efeito de alguns curares naturais e da d-Tubocurarina retardando o tempo de coagulação e o tempo de protombina do sangue humano Natural curares and d-Tubocuratine effects on human blood clothing time and prothrombine time

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    João Canali

    1967-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author points out to a old question of about 200 years ago in wich two kinds of opinions were discussed. BANCROFT and FONTANA in one hand atributes for the Indian arrow poison (curare the propriety of uncoagulate the blood, and C. BEBNAHDJ, B. RODRIGUES and others made an contradictory opinion upon this subject. In our experiments, we utilized 4 curares samples from indians who lives near the Brazilian border at Colombia, the famous Ticunas poison, and the alkaloid d-Tubocurarine. These poisons were added in form of emulsion in saline to the blood and blood plasma in order to perform two kinds of experiments. In one serie of experiments we observed the effect of curare on human blood coagulation time according to LEE-WHITE technic puting 0.5 ml of the various poisons emulsions previously into the tube. By this method, we have found that the emulsion containing 0.1 g of the poison in 10 ml saline was the most effective (Table II, therefore we used this curare emulsion concentration in the other serie of experiments, in which we tested the action of these venoms on the human blood plasma prothrombins time, (Quick Technic adding 0.1 ml of the saline poison emulsion to each 0.1 ml of human blood plasma. Results from these experiments can be seen on Table II. These experiments we have tried on one sample of human blood plasma plus the differents curares samples; and in another opportunity four samples of human blood plasma were tried with the curare from Ticunas indians (the most effective in this respect. Results from these experiments may be seen on Table III. All the poison tried in our experiments was previously tested on toads legs (B. crucifer to verify his curares action. All times obtained with the experiments above, show highly significant results (P<001 when compared with the blood and blood plasma mixed with in the same volume of saline. Our results, point out that BANCROFT and FONTANA views upon the effect of curare on

  19. Turkey in Cyprus: Changing the Status Quo

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    Azuolas Bagdonas

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available With few prospects for the resolution of the Cyprus dispute, the costs of the status quo are rising for Turkey. This article argues that Turkey could regain initiative without sacrificing its national interests by withdrawing its military forces stationed on the island and organizing a referendum on the future of the TRNC. The removal of the military would terminate Turkey's status as an occupying power, while a referendum could add legitimacy to the TRNC and put pressure on Cyprus.

  20. Efecto del NaCl en plántulas de curarí (Tabebuia serratifolia en condiciones de laboratorio

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    Maribel Ramírez

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto del cloruro de sodio (NaCl durante la germinación y el desarrollo inicial de las plántulas de curarí (Tabebuia serratifolia, en condiciones de laboratorio. Las semillas se colocaron en cinco concentraciones de NaCl: 2, 4, 6, 8 y 10 dS m-1, y en agua destilada (testigo, con una conductividad eléctrica entre 0,02 y 0,04 dS m-1. Se empleó un diseño experimental completamente al azar, con cinco repeticiones, y se aplicó un análisis de varianza. Se determinó el porcentaje de germinación (PG y la tasa de germinación (TG; y se midió la longitud del tallo (LT, la longitud de la raíz (LR, el área cotiledonal (AC, la biomasa fresca (BF y la biomasa seca (BS. La concentración de NaCl mostró efectos significativos para las variables PG, TG, BS, LT, LR y AC. Se obtuvo un 79,6 % de germinación y una TG de 1,66 días, cuando las semillas se sometieron a 6 dS m-1 de NaCl. Las concentraciones de 8 y 10 dS m-1 disminuyeron significativamente el PG, la LT y el AC de las plántulas, y retardaron la TG. Se concluye que las plántulas de curarí mostraron tolerancia a la condición salina del NaCl hasta 6 dS m-1, por lo que esta especie se puede utilizar con fines agroforestales en los sistemas de producción agropecuaria, así como en la recuperación de áreas que presenten problemas moderados de salinidad.

  1. Legal Understanding of "Quid Pro Quo" Sexual Harassment in Schools

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    Mahlangu, Vimbi Petrus

    2017-01-01

    This paper highlights legal understanding of quid pro quo sexual harassment in schools. Quid pro quo sexual harassment implies abuse of authority or position to gain something sexual. A duty of care rests on teachers, Schools Governing Bodies and the Department of Education to provide and maintain safe schools that are free from all forms of…

  2. [Use of protocol and evaluation of postoperative residual curarization incidence in the absence of intraoperative acceleromyography - Randomized clinical trial].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Filipe Nadir Caparica; Braga, Angelica de Fátima de Assunção; Ribeiro, Carla Josefine Barbosa de Lima; Braga, Franklin Sarmento da Silva; Carvalho, Vanessa Henriques; Junqueira, Fernando Eduardo Feres

    2017-04-12

    Evaluate the incidence of postoperative residual curarization (PORC) in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) after the use of protocol and absence of intraoperative acceleromyography (AMG). Randomized clinical trial with 122 patients allocated into two groups (protocol and control). Protocol group received initial and additional doses of rocuronium (0.6mg.kg(-1) and 10mg, respectively); the use of rocuronium was avoided in the final 45minutes; blockade reversal with neostigmine (50μg.kg(-1)); time ≥ 15minutes between reversion and extubation. initial and additional doses of rocuronium, blockade reversal, neostigmine dose, and extubation time, all at the discretion of the anesthesiologist. AMG was used in the PACU and PORC considered at T4/T1 ratio<1.0. The incidence of PORC was lower in protocol group than in control group (25% vs. 45.2%, p=0.02). In control group, total dose of rocuronium was higher in patients with PORC than without PORC (0.43 vs. 0.35mg.kg(-1).h(-1), p=0.03) and the time interval between the last administration of rocuronium and neostigmine was lower (75.0 vs. 101.0min, p<0.01). In protocol group, there was no difference regarding the analyzed parameters (with PORC vs. without PORC). Considering the entire study population and the presence or absence of PORC, total dose of rocuronium was higher in patients with PORC (0.42 vs. 0.31mg.kg(-1).h(-1), p=0.01), while the time interval between the last administration of rocuronium and neostigmine was lower (72.5 vs. 99.0min, p ≤ 0.01). The proposed systematization reduced PORC incidence in PACU in the absence of intraoperative AMG. Copyright © 2017. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda.

  3. Tolerância a agente curarizante provocada pela administração repetida da droga Tolerance to curarizing drug induced by chronic administration: an experimental study

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    Antonio Carlos Zanini

    1974-03-01

    Full Text Available Baseados em teoria discutível segundo a qual a miastenia grave é provocada pela presença no sangue de substância curarizante liberada pelo timo, tentou-se reproduzir um modelo experimental. Foram utilizados 40 ratos, criados nas mesmas condições, nascidos no mesmo dia, pesando ao redor de 350 g e divididos em 4 grupos: o Grupo I não foi manuseado; no Grupo II foi injetada solução fisiológica, 1 ml i.p. durante 6 semanas; no Grupo III foi injetada a dimetil tubocurarina (DMT 2,8 mcg/kg i.p., durante o mesmo tempo; no Grupo IV 14 mcg/kg da mesma droga foram injetados i.p. Uma semana após a última injeção i.p. os ratos, anestesiados, foram preparados para registro neuromuscular. O nervo ciático foi estimulado nas freqüências de 0,33 pulsos/seg, 70 pulsos/seg (séries de 10 pulsos a intervalos de 3 seg, 70 pulsos/seg (mantidos por 15 seg e novamente 0,33 pulsos/seg logo após a tetanização. A dose curarizante de DMT foi determinada por uma "terceira parte cega" quando 80% do bloqueio era alcançado. Quando apenas 10 estímulos em alta freqüência foram aplicados ao nervo, foi observada diferença significativa (pThe trial is a temptative experimental model of myasthenia gravis based on a doubtful theory whereby this disease is atributed to circulating curare in blood. Forty rats kept under the same conditions, bom on the same day and weighing around 350 g entered the trial, divided in four groups. Group I was not handled, Group II was injected with saline, 1 ml i.p. Group III was submitted to dimethyl tubocurarine iodide (DMT 2,8 mcg/kg i.p. and Group IV received 14 mcg/kg, all solutions being administered daily for a six-week period. One week after the last rats were anesthetized and prepared for cyatic-gastrocnemius neuro-muscular recording. Monopolar pulses were given at frequencies of 0.33 p/sec, 70 p/sec, (trains of 10 pulses at 3 sec intervals, 70 p/sec (kept for 15 sec and again 0.33 p/sec right after tetanus. Curarizing

  4. Investment alternative: the status quo or PACS?

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    Vanden Brink, John A.; Cywinski, Jozef K.

    1990-08-01

    While the cost of Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS) can be substantial, the cost of continuing with present manual methods may become prohibitive in growing departments as the need for additional space and personnel (both technical and professional) to meet the increasing requirements for all image management activities continues to grow. This will occur simultaneously with increasing pressures on problems of the present system, i.e., lost films, lost revenues, delayed reporting and longer diagnostic cycle times. Present methods of image archiving communication and management i.e. the relationship of procedure volume to VFE requirements for professional and technical personnel, costs of film, film storage space, and other performance factors are analyzed based on the database created by the Technology Marketing Group (TMG) computerized cost analysis model applied to over 50 US hospitals. Also, the model is used to provide the projected cost of present methods of film management for an average US 400 +bed hospital based on ten year growth rate assumptions. TMG PACS Tracking data provides confirmation of staffmg pattern correlation to procedure volume. The data presented in the paper provides a basis for comparing the investment in maintaining the status quo to an investment in PACS.

  5. 5 CFR 316.703 - Effect on tenure of position change of status quo employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... status quo employees. 316.703 Section 316.703 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT... Into the Competitive Service § 316.703 Effect on tenure of position change of status quo employees. (a) A status quo employee who is promoted, demoted, or reassigned becomes: (1) An indefinite...

  6. [Status quo and progress of Chinese acupuncture in Algeria].

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    Huang, Yisheng

    2015-10-01

    The development of Chinese acupuncture in Algeria and realistic working status in recent years is in- troduced. From five aspects, including general condition of acupuncture in Algeria, clinical application and analysis, of acupuncture, promotion and publicity of acupuncture, existing problem and deficiency, and awards and honor, the status quo and progress of Chinese acupuncture in Algeria are discussed in detail.

  7. A arte de curar e a arte de cuidar: a medicalização do hospital e a institucionalização da enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliete Maria Silva

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma reflexão crítca sobre o cuidar e o curar, numa perspectiva histórica. A racionalidade científica na enfermagem engendrou-se no movimento de medicalização do hospital enquanto espaço terapêutico e de desenvolvimento de uma tecnologia e saber médicos. A institucionalização da profissão constituiu-se em duas perspectivas: a moral-disciplinar e a técnica. A configuração de uma "crise profissional" é apontada em relação à formação, mercado de trabalho, prática profissional, organização e sindicalização e pesquisa em suas articulações dinâmicas na sociedade em que estão inseridas. Atualmente, a manutenção e prolongamento da vida encaminham para projetos de maior qualidade dos cuidados e da própria vida, em termos pesoais e profissionais.

  8. Geomorfología y sedimentología de los ambientes depositacionales recientes del complejo estuarino de los ríos Hueque y Curarí, Estado Falcón, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scarlet Cartaya

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de la caracterización geomorfológica y sedimentológica del complejo estuarino de la desembocadura de los ríos Hueque y Curarí, localizada en la costa nororiental del Estado Falcón (Venezuela. La investigación se desarrolló en tres fases. En la fase de campo se recolectaron muestras de sedimentos y se realizaron mediciones morfométricas de los ambientes depositacionales. En la fase de laboratorio se ejecutaron análisis sedimentológicos de textura, carbonatos, materia orgánica, minerales pesados y mineralogía por difracción de rayos X. La fase de gabinete se basó en la interpretación y análisis espacial de los ambientes depositacionales con apoyo en fotografías aéreas y mapas topográficos a escala 1:25 000; en la confección de los mapas y perfiles del área, y en la elaboración del modelo sedimentológico. La desembocadura de los ríos Hueque y Curarí se encuentra en un borde costero de clima semi-árido, con una cuenca de baja densidad de drenaje y dinámica litoral de rango micromareal, marea mixta, con oleaje de alta energía y corriente litoral favorable. Se identificaron dos grandes conjuntos sedimentológicos: Complejo Cordón Litoral (infraplaya, mesoplaya, supraplaya, dunas playeras, contrabarrera y barra, de litofacies arenosas y el Complejo Pantanoso (cauces de los ríos Hueque y Curarí, canal de marea y caño de marea, de litofacies arcillo-limosa. Los canales fluviales se comportan como estuarios hipersalinos.

  9. Image Theory's Compatibility Test and Evaluations of the Status Quo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond; Bissell; Beach

    1998-01-01

    The research on image theory's concept of progress decisions about either (1) the acceptability of the status quo vis a desired state or (2) the acceptability of movement toward a desired state has been limited to the laboratory. To demonstrate the feasibility of research on nonlaboratory, job-related progress decisions and to develop methods for doing it with minimal intrusion on participant work time, two experiments examined evaluations of the status quo vis a desired state in the context of three organizations: a controller's office, a pretrial services office, and a chain of fast food restaurants. Experiment 1 used fairly elaborate, time consuming methods in the controller's office and pretrial services office to measure the compatibility between participants' images of desirable supervision and their images of current supervision as well as their satisfaction with both supervision and with the organization. In both cases, as compatibility decreased, satisfaction decreased, but satisfaction with the organization appeared to derive from satisfaction with supervision rather than directly from compatibility. Experiment 2 measured the same concepts in the fast food chain using simple, single-item methods, obtaining roughly the same results as Experiment 1, except that it also demonstrated that hope for change can mitigate the effects of incompatibility on satisfaction. These results provide evidence for the role of compatibility in decision making and for the feasibility of using simple methods of measuring compatibility, acceptability, and hope in nonlaboratory research. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  10. Normalisation and weighting in life cycle assessment: quo vadis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pizzol, Massimo; Laurent, Alexis; Sala, Serenella

    2017-01-01

    as research gaps in normalisation and weighting. Based on this information, the article wants to provide guidance to developers and practitioners. The underlying work was conducted under the umbrella of the UNEP-SETAC Life Cycle Initiative, Task Force on Cross-Cutting issues in life cycle impact assessment...... (LCIA). Methods: The empirical work consisted in (i) an online survey to investigate the perception of the LCA community regarding the scientific quality and current practice concerning normalisation and weighting; (ii) a classification followed by systematic expert-based assessment of existing methods......Purpose: Building on the rhetoric question “quo vadis?” (literally “Where are you going?”), this article critically investigates the state of the art of normalisation and weighting approaches within life cycle assessment. It aims at identifying purposes, current practises, pros and cons, as well...

  11. Certification programs for eHealth--status quo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbauer, Philipp; Herzog, Juliane; Pohn, Birgit; Forjan, Mathias; Sauermann, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    The skills of the workforce are a core factor for the quality of healthcare systems. On top of the basic education, postgraduate training is an important factor for continuously maintaining as well as improving the workforce qualification level. Advanced training often provides certification of the acquired skills. This paper analyses the status quo of international certification programs in the sector of eHealth (EU, US, Global). It uses available literature and observations from international educational expert's workgroups. It identifies gaps regarding certifications in eHealth and suggests steps for solutions. Despite little attention to legal and financial eHealth related content in certification programs in the EU as well as a low degree of harmonization of international certifications in general, there are strong activities especially in the international scope towards personal certification programs in eHealth. Major changes are to be expected within the coming years.

  12. EX-ÆQUO: contributo decisivo para um campo de estudos em Portugal EX-ÆQUO: a decisive contribution to a field of studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Joaquim

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da revista Ex-Æquo (da Associação Portuguesa de Estudos sobre as Mulheres, no ambito da institucionalização dos estudos sobre as mulheres e sobre gênero em Portugal e no contexto de uma sociedade democrática.Presentation of the Ex-Æquo review (published by the Portuguese Association of Women' s Studies, having in mind the institucionalization of women's studies and gender studies in Portugal in the context of a democratic society.

  13. Curar como arte e ofício: contribuições para um debate historiográfico sobre saúde, doença e cura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikelen Acosta Witter

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Ainda que recente, o interesse dos historiadores pelo estudo das diferentes práticas de cura, existentes ao longo da História brasileira, tem-se solidificado nos últimos anos. Tal fato vem abrindo espaço para pesquisas nas quais o exercício e o uso das formas mais populares das artes de curar aparecem como foco principal de estudo. Este artigo tem com objetivo fazer um pequeno inventário destes trabalhos, analisando alguns com mais detalhe e apontando suas contribuições, diferenças, semelhanças e indicações, no sentido de formular uma agenda de pesquisa para o tema.

  14. Public management in Serbia: From imitation to status quo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Public management in Serbia has been experiencing reform changes since 2000. In this paper we attempt to analyze reforms in public management in Serbia during the period 2000-2010 from two theoretical frameworks: the institutional changes perspective and the downsizing perspective. We believe that the selected time frame is suitable for our research, since the period of ten years is long enough for radical changes to take place. The analysis from the institutional changes perspective suggests that the success in creating the new state administration institutional model in Serbia will greatly depend on the amount of pressure put by the European Union and IMF on the Serbian Government, but also on raising the level of knowledge and competence for conducting necessary changes in the Serbian state administration. The analysis from the downsizing perspective reveals that efforts aimed at downsizing of public administration in Serbia, initiated by the need to achieve results quickly, have almost been blocked by strong forces towards maintaining the status quo.

  15. Quid pro quo: tobacco companies and the black press.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCandless, Phyra M; Yerger, Valerie B; Malone, Ruth E

    2012-04-01

    We explored the relationship between tobacco companies and the Black press, which plays an important role in conveying information and opinions to Black communities. In this archival case study, we analyzed data from internal tobacco industry documents and archives of the National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA), the trade association of the Black press. In exchange for advertising dollars and other support, the tobacco industry expected and received support from Black newspapers for tobacco industry policy positions. Beginning in the 1990s, resistance from within the Black community and reduced advertising budgets created counterpressures. The tobacco industry, however, continued to sustain NNPA support. The quid pro quo between tobacco companies and the Black press violated journalistic standards and represented an unequal trade. Although numerous factors explain today's tobacco-related health disparities, the Black press's service to tobacco companies is problematic because of the trust that the community placed in such media. Understanding the relationship between the tobacco industry and the NNPA provides insight into strategies that the tobacco industry may use in other communities and countries.

  16. Insect juvenile hormone: from "status quo" to high society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Hartfelder

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile hormone (JH exerts pleiotropic functions during insect life cycles. The regulation of JH biosynthesis by neuropeptides and biogenic amines, as well as the transport of JH by specific binding proteins is now well understood. In contrast, comprehending its mode of action on target organs is still hampered by the difficulties in isolating specific receptors. In concert with ecdysteroids, JH orchestrates molting and metamorphosis, and its modulatory function in molting processes has gained it the attribute "status quo" hormone. Whereas the metamorphic role of JH appears to have been widely conserved, its role in reproduction has been subject to many modifications. In many species, JH stimulates vitellogenin synthesis and uptake. In mosquitoes, however, this function has been transferred to ecdysteroids, and JH primes the ecdysteroid response of developing follicles. As reproduction includes a variety of specific behaviors, including migration and diapause, JH has come to function as a master regulator in insect reproduction. The peak of pleiotropy was definitely reached in insects exhibiting facultative polymorphisms. In wing-dimorphic crickets, differential activation of JH esterase determines wing length. The evolution of sociality in Isoptera and Hymenoptera has also extensively relied on JH. In primitively social wasps and bumble bees, JH integrates dominance position with reproductive status. In highly social insects, such as the honey bee, JH has lost its gonadotropic role and now regulates division of labor in the worker caste. Its metamorphic role has been extensively explored in the morphological differentiation of queens and workers, and in the generation of worker polymorphism, such as observed in ants.

  17. The Investigation of Status Quo Bias Existance in Listed Investment Companies in Tehran Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmood Yahyazadehfar

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is investigating the Status Quo Bias (SQB from suggested biases in behavioral finance. People who are subject to a SQB tend to choose an alternative that was chosen previously (i.e., their status quo even if it is not the optimal choice any more. Status quo bias existence was investigated in this study using Ruenzi and Kempf (2005 model among investment companies listed in Tehran's Stock Exchange during 2003-2010. The data is collected quarterly from investment companies. Also, Stata10.0 software package is used for statistical analysis. The result shows the existence of a SQB is not found in Tehran Stock Exchange

  18. Status quo of English Teaching and Learning in a Local County Senior High School in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋东兵

    2007-01-01

    Despite theoretical advances in the realm of TEFL and rounds of nationwide education reform in China in the past two decades,the status quo of TEFL (teaching English as a foreign language) in some senior high schools remains helpless.This article,by examining how utilitarianism in education shapes (spoils,to be more exact) English teaching and learning in a county senior high school in Anhui,an eastern province in China,and how it hinders implementation of quality education,appeals to teachers as individuals for personal efforts to help change the status quo in such schools,or at least to prevent it from worsening.

  19. Chinese Transformation Policies for 2015 and Beyond: Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Im-Soo Yoo

    2015-04-01

    that protests are there only means of expressing their dissatisfaction. The pro-democracy movement of 1989 was crushed by the army and the next two leaders of China pursued economic growth while keeping the status quo in the political system. The current president of China, Xi Jinping, has established a ten-year plan for China which will continue to develop the nation, while setting a new direction and fighting corruption. Xi, being new blood in the system, is believed by many to have the potential to successfully carry out reforms in China and consolidate its position as a leader in the world.

  20. The structure and management of conflict: Fighting or defending the status quo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.K.W. de Dreu; E.S. Kluwer; A. Nauta

    2008-01-01

    Although conflict and negotiation studies have examined symmetrical structures in which both parties want change, or asymmetrical structures in which one party wants change and the other to maintain the status quo, no research provided a direct comparison of both structures. Two experiments were con

  1. Defending or Challenging the Status Quo: Position Effects on Biased Intergroup Perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma A. Bäck

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The default ideological position is status quo maintaining, and challenging the status quo is associated with increased efforts and risks. Nonetheless, some people choose to challenge the status quo. Therefore, to challenge the status quo should imply a strong belief in one’s position as the correct one, and thus efforts may be undertaken to undermine the position of others. Study 1 (N = 311 showed that challengers undermined, by ascribing more externality and less rationality, the position of defenders to a larger extent than defenders did of challengers’ position. Studies 2 (N = 135 and 3 (N = 109 tested if these effects were driven by the implied minority status of the challenging position. Results revealed no effects of experimentally manipulated numerical status, but challengers were again more biased than defenders. Study 3 also revealed that challengers felt more negatively toward their opponents (possibly due to greater social identification with like-minded others, and these negative emotions in turn predicted biased attributions. Results are important as they add to the understanding of how intergroup conflict may arise, providing explanations for why challengers are less tolerant of others’ point of view.

  2. Separating Rhetoric from Reality: Supporting Teachers in Negotiating Beyond the Status Quo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Susi

    2004-01-01

    Across the country, new and experienced teachers find themselves losing the confidence and energy it takes to challenge an unacceptable status quo. Too often, dynamic educators disappear within systems that are antithetical to what they envisioned when they entered the profession or they leave the profession altogether. This article describes the…

  3. 26 CFR 1.6115-1 - Disclosure requirements for quid pro quo contributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... consideration for a taxpayer's payment to that organization is an estimate of the fair market value, within the... available in a commercial transaction may be determined by reference to the fair market value of similar or... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Disclosure requirements for quid pro quo...

  4. Analysis of the Status Quo of the Sericultural Standard System in China and Its Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ping; WU; Tao; CHENG; Long; LI; Xingjia; SHEN

    2014-01-01

    This paper summarizes and analyses the status quo of the sericultural standards system in China,and points out the characteristics and existed problems of sericultural standards in China. In addition,the future of the sericultural standards system is discussed.

  5. Calcidiol deficiency in end-stage organ failure and after solid organ transplantation: status quo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiem, Ursula; Olbramski, Bartosz; Borchhardt, Kyra

    2013-07-01

    Among patients with organ failure, vitamin D deficiency is extremely common and frequently does not resolve after transplantation. This review crystallizes and summarizes existing data on the status quo of vitamin D deficiency in patients with organ failure and in solid organ transplant recipients. Interventional studies evaluating different treatment strategies, as well as current clinical practice guidelines and recommendations on the management of low vitamin D status in these patients are also discussed.

  6. Calcidiol Deficiency in End-Stage Organ Failure and after Solid Organ Transplantation: Status quo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartosz Olbramski

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Among patients with organ failure, vitamin D deficiency is extremely common and frequently does not resolve after transplantation. This review crystallizes and summarizes existing data on the status quo of vitamin D deficiency in patients with organ failure and in solid organ transplant recipients. Interventional studies evaluating different treatment strategies, as well as current clinical practice guidelines and recommendations on the management of low vitamin D status in these patients are also discussed.

  7. Can decision biases improve insurance outcomes? An experiment on status quo bias in health insurance choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krieger, Miriam; Felder, Stefan

    2013-06-19

    Rather than conforming to the assumption of perfect rationality in neoclassical economic theory, decision behavior has been shown to display a host of systematic biases. Properly understood, these patterns can be instrumentalized to improve outcomes in the public realm. We conducted a laboratory experiment to study whether decisions over health insurance policies are subject to status quo bias and, if so, whether experience mitigates this framing effect. Choices in two treatment groups with status quo defaults are compared to choices in a neutrally framed control group. A two-step design features sorting of subjects into the groups, allowing us to control for selection effects due to risk preferences. The results confirm the presence of a status quo bias in consumer choices over health insurance policies. However, this effect of the default framing does not persist as subjects repeat this decision in later periods of the experiment. Our results have implications for health care policy, for example suggesting that the use of non-binding defaults in health insurance can facilitate the spread of co-insurance policies and thereby help contain health care expenditure.

  8. Cost benefit analysis of two policy options for cannabis: status quo and legalisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanahan, Marian; Ritter, Alison

    2014-01-01

    To date there has been limited analysis of the economic costs and benefits associated with cannabis legalisation. This study redresses this gap. A cost benefit analysis of two cannabis policy options the status quo (where cannabis use is illegal) and a legalised-regulated option was conducted. A cost benefit analysis was used to value the costs and benefits of the two policies in monetary terms. Costs and benefits of each policy option were classified into five categories (direct intervention costs, costs or cost savings to other agencies, benefits or lost benefits to the individual or the family, other impacts on third parties, and adverse or spill over events). The results are expressed as a net social benefit (NSB). The mean NSB per annum from Monte Carlo simulations (with the 5 and 95 percentiles) for the status quo was $294.6 million AUD ($201.1 to $392.7 million) not substantially different from the $234.2 million AUD ($136.4 to $331.1 million) for the legalised-regulated model which excludes government revenue as a benefit. When government revenue is included, the NSB for legalised-regulated is higher than for status quo. Sensitivity analyses demonstrate the significant impact of educational attainment and wellbeing as drivers for the NSB result. Examining the percentiles around the two policy options, there appears to be no difference between the NSB for these two policy options. Economic analyses are essential for good public policy, providing information about the extent to which one policy is substantially economically favourable over another. In cannabis policy, for these two options this does not appear to be the case.

  9. Status quo and prospects of fishing technology of ocean fishery of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN De-fang; GUAN Chang-tao; HUANG Wen-qiang

    2004-01-01

    报道了我国大洋渔业技术现状,评述了技术水平、发展趋势,分析渔业技术存在的问题,提出了大洋渔业可持续发展应当进行的研究课题及建议.%This paper reports the status quo of fishing technologies of ocean fishery of China, comments on technique level and development trend and the problems existed in fishing techniques. Furthermore the paper also puts forward some suggestions and research projects to make sustainable development of ocean fishery.

  10. Trust and Bribery: The Role of the Quid Pro Quo and the Link With Crime

    OpenAIRE

    Hunt, Jennifer

    2004-01-01

    I study data on bribes actually paid by individuals to public officials, viewing the results through a theoretical lens that considers the implications of trust networks. A bond of trust may permit an implicit quid pro quo to substitute for a bribe, which reduces corruption. Appropriate networks are more easily established in small towns, by long-term residents of areas with many other long-term residents, and by individuals in regions with many residents their own age. I confirm that the pre...

  11. Physical punishment of children: can we continue to accept the status quo?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oates, Kim

    2011-08-01

    All children require discipline, although physical punishment is just one form of discipline. Parental use of physical punishment is inter-generational. There is now evidence that physical punishment of children is not only less effective than other forms of discipline but can also lead to aggressive behaviour in childhood and adult life. Twenty-nine countries, including New Zealand, have laws against physical punishment in the home. Australian attitudes are slowly changing in favour of less use of physical punishment, but there is a long way to go. As advocates for children, paediatricians should not be content to accept the status quo.

  12. The status quo and prospect of biomass power generation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhuang Huiyong; Zhang Yanru

    2009-01-01

    Facing the pressure of fossil energy exhaustion and environment pollution, people begin to search for clean and renewable energy to partly substitute fossil energy and realize sustainable development. As the fourth type of ener-gy, biomass energy has many advantages: wide distribution, large quantity, being renewable, clean, storable and trans-portable and so on. By adopting thermo-chemical and biochemical technologies, biomass energy can be converted to high quality solid, liquid and gaseous energy products, and provide convenient heat and power energy for human being's production and daily life. This paper presented the status quo of biomass power generation industry in China and also introduced briefly the future development models.

  13. Nacidos para curar...y vivir.

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro A Marina González

    2009-01-01

    Se presentan argumentos para el debate acerca del impacto para la sociedad y el individuo de las técnicas de reproducción que permiten el “diseño” genético de bebes para el tratamiento de hermanos con enfermedades incurables.

  14. Empleo del curare en ortopedia y traumatologia

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    La contractura muscular es un síntoma y un signo común a múltiples entidades. En ocasiones llega a constituír por la objetividad de sus manifestaciones y por los fenómenos patológicos que de ella se derivan el elemento central y dominante. Dentro del cuadro clínico característico de tales afecciones hay muchos síntomas de percepción difícil porque son discretos en su aparición o en sus manifestaciones. Generalmente ellos no son debidos a alteraciones funcionales o anatómicas graves, pero cuan...

  15. Nacidos para curar...y vivir.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro A Marina González

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan argumentos para el debate acerca del impacto para la sociedad y el individuo de las técnicas de reproducción que permiten el “diseño” genético de bebes para el tratamiento de hermanos con enfermedades incurables.

  16. Channeling Consumers to Preferred Providers and the Impact of Status Quo Bias: Does Type of Provider Matter?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.H.H.M. Boonen (Lieke); A.C.D. Donkers (Bas); F.T. Schut (Erik)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractContext. To effectively bargain about the price and quality of health services, health insurers need to successfully channel their enrollees. Little is known about consumer sensitivity to different channeling incentives. In particular, the impact of status quo bias, which is expected to

  17. Hadronic contributions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment Workshop. $(g-2)_{\\mu}$: Quo vadis? Workshop. Mini proceedings

    CERN Document Server

    Benayoun, Maurice; Blum, Tom; Caprini, Irenel; Colangelo, Gilberto; Czyż, Henryk; Denig, Achim; Dominguez, Cesareo A; Eidelman, Simon; Fischer, Christian S; Gauzzi, Paolo; Guo, Yuping; Hafner, Andreas; Hayakawa, Masashi; Herdoiza, Gregorio; Hoferichter, Martin; Huang, Guangshun; Jansen, Karl; Jegerlehner, Fred; Kloss, Benedikt; Kubis, Bastian; Liu, Zhiqing; Marciano, William; Masjuan, Pere; Meyer, Harvey B; Mibe, Tsutomu; Nyffeler, Andreas; Pascalutsa, Vladimir; Pauk, Vladyslav; Pennington, Michael R; Peris, Santiago; Redmer, Christoph F; Sanchez-Puertas, Pablo; Shwartz, Boris; Solodov, Evgeny; Stoeckinger, Dominik; Teubner, Thomas; Unverzagt, Marc; Vanderhaeghen, Marc; Wolke, Magnus

    2014-01-01

    We present the mini-proceedings of the workshops Hadronic contributions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment: strategies for improvements of the accuracy of the theoretical prediction and $(g-2)_{\\mu}$: Quo vadis?, both held in Mainz from April 1$^{\\rm rst}$ to 5$^{\\rm th}$ and from April 7$^{\\rm th}$ to 10$^{\\rm th}$, 2014, respectively.

  18. Samobójstwo estetyczne. Na marginesie Quo vadis Henryka Sienkiewicza (ESTHETICAL SUICIDE. ON THE MARGIN OF 'QUO VADIS?' BY H. SIENKIEWICZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ireneusz Ziemiński

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the Petronius' suicide (as a character of 'Quo vadis?' in the context of ancient and Christian concept of death and dying. Petronius' death arranged as a piece of art (to realize the idea of beauty is an icon of the ancient Rome's passing culture. It is a theatre of death and that is why it can not be the pattern to follow or any resolving of human existential mortality problem. Better attitude to death is Eunice's suicide committed for love as absolute value. Petronius' conduct and way of living was dependent on philosophy of Stoics, Epicureans, and first of all Skeptics. In this context we can see weakness of ancient philosophy as 'meditatio mortis'. Esthetical suicide as a final act of life is only human and it does not point to any eternal value. On the contrary, the death of the Christian martyrs reduced to bloody performance on the arena, points to transcendent aspect of human life and dying. According to Petronius, the way of dying is the best value criterion of any religious or philosophical doctrine and you can die with dignity even if you do not believe in Christ or eternal life. He tried to demonstrate the best values of Rome but his theatric death was rather empty gesture than the evidence of death's majesty. Christians' martyr death for faith seems more authentic than Petronius' esthetical suicide.

  19. WP 2 Report: Integrated Status Quo and Trends Assessment in Wuxi. Overview of WP 2 Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dienst, Carmen; Hoeller, Samuel; Saurat, Mathieu; Schneider, Clemens; Xia-Bauer, Chun (Wuppertal Institute (Germany)); Oberheitmann, Andreas (China Environmental Research (China)); Fischer, Tom; Gemmer, Marco; Jiang Tong (China Meteorological Administration, National Climate Centre (China)); Wang Can; Wang Haoping (Tsinghua University, Research Centre for International Environmental Policy (China)); Ren Hongyan; Sui Xinying (Wuxi Low Carbon Development Research Centre (China))

    2013-04-01

    The overall project will scientifically explore the Low Carbon Future City (LCFC) concept in two case studies: the German region of Dusseldorf and the Chinese city of Wuxi, Jiangsu Province. The Wuppertal Institute together with a consortium of Chinese scientific institutes is developing integrated low carbon city strategies for the two pilot regions. The project is funded by the German Stiftung Mercator. Provided in this report, as part of the scientific analysis of the Chinese pilot region, is a comprehensive status quo and trends assessment of greenhouse gas emissions, climate change and resource use in Wuxi. It includes a GHG inventory, a business-as-usual scenario for GHG emissions, scenarios for future climate change and its impacts as well as an analysis of future resource use in the energy and buildings sector of Wuxi. Based on this assessment, the authors have selected key sectors for which low carbon scenarios as well as policy strategies will be finalised.

  20. The Status Quo of Industrial Development of Cold Water Fishes in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article first analyzes the status quo of industrial development of cold water fishes in Henan Province. And then it points out the main problems in the process of cold water fish industrialization as follows: the parent fish rearing of cold water fishes and the supply of roe and fry are inadequate; the demand for feed nutrition,research and development of disease prevention and control technology lag behind. In order to provide scientific basis for promoting the industrial independent innovation and international competitiveness,finally the following ideas and recommendations for industrial development of cold water fishes are put forward: strengthening policy support for the enterprises,and striving to create the leading enterprises,to achieve dramatic development; implementing the strategy of developing fishery by relying on science and technology,promoting the industrial independent innovation and competitiveness; creating specialized cooperative organizations,actively improving the supporting system,and expanding the space for development of the industry.

  1. [Instruments of management accounting in german hospitals - potentials for competitive advantage and status quo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berens, W; Lachmann, M; Wömpener, A

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study is to provide an analysis of the status quo for the usage of instruments of management accounting in German hospitals. 600 managing directors of German hospitals were asked to answer a questionnaire about the usage of management accounting instruments in their hospitals. We obtained 121 usable datasets, which are evaluated in this study. A significant increase in the usage of management accounting instruments can be observed over time. The respondents have an overall positive perception of the usage of these instruments. Cost accounting and information systems are among the most widely used instruments, while widely discussed concepts like the balanced scorecard or clinical pathways show surprisingly low usage rates. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  2. Committed activists and the reshaping of status-quo social consensus

    CERN Document Server

    Mistry, Dina; Perra, Nicola; Baronchelli, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    The role of committed minorities in shaping public opinion has been recently addressed with the help of multi-agent models. However, previous studies focused on homogeneous populations where zealots stand out only for their stubbornness. Here, we consider the more general case in which individuals are characterized by different propensities to communicate. In particular, we correlate commitment with a higher tendency to push an opinion, acknowledging the fact that individuals with unwavering dedication to a cause are also more active in their attempts to promote their message. We show that these \\textit{activists} are not only more efficient in spreading their message but that their efforts require an order of magnitude fewer individuals than a randomly selected committed minority to bring the population over to a new consensus. Finally, we address the role of communities, showing that partisan divisions in the society can make it harder for committed individuals to flip the status-quo social consensus.

  3. Committed activists and the reshaping of status-quo social consensus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mistry, Dina; Zhang, Qian; Perra, Nicola; Baronchelli, Andrea

    2015-10-01

    The role of committed minorities in shaping public opinion has been recently addressed with the help of multiagent models. However, previous studies focused on homogeneous populations where zealots stand out only for their stubbornness. Here we consider the more general case in which individuals are characterized by different propensities to communicate. In particular, we correlate commitment with a higher tendency to push an opinion, acknowledging the fact that individuals with unwavering dedication to a cause are also more active in their attempts to promote their message. We show that these activists are not only more efficient in spreading their message but that their efforts require an order of magnitude fewer individuals than a randomly selected committed minority to bring the population over to a new consensus. Finally, we address the role of communities, showing that partisan divisions in the society can make it harder for committed individuals to flip the status-quo social consensus.

  4. 人民币的现状及其未来预测%The status quo of RMB and the forecast of its future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ A. The status quo of RMB A sensible currency policy is one of the most importantways a country controls its economy. Economic development and international balanceshould both play a part in determining exchange rates.

  5. CalQuo: automated, simultaneous single-cell and population-level quantification of global intracellular Ca2+ responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritzsche, Marco; Fernandes, Ricardo A.; Colin-York, Huw; Santos, Ana M.; Lee, Steven F.; Lagerholm, B. Christoffer; Davis, Simon J.; Eggeling, Christian

    2015-11-01

    Detecting intracellular calcium signaling with fluorescent calcium indicator dyes is often coupled with microscopy techniques to follow the activation state of non-excitable cells, including lymphocytes. However, the analysis of global intracellular calcium responses both at the single-cell level and in large ensembles simultaneously has yet to be automated. Here, we present a new software package, CalQuo (Calcium Quantification), which allows the automated analysis and simultaneous monitoring of global fluorescent calcium reporter-based signaling responses in up to 1000 single cells per experiment, at temporal resolutions of sub-seconds to seconds. CalQuo quantifies the number and fraction of responding cells, the temporal dependence of calcium signaling and provides global and individual calcium-reporter fluorescence intensity profiles. We demonstrate the utility of the new method by comparing the calcium-based signaling responses of genetically manipulated human lymphocytic cell lines.

  6. The Status Quo of Chinese Agro-products Logistics and the Establishment of the Third-Party Logistics Mode

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jing

    2011-01-01

    The status quo of Chinese agro-products logistics is analyzed from the following five aspects: the circulation mode, exchange mode, storage and transportation situation, food security. The following problems in Chinese agro-products logistics are pointed out, including excessive circulation sections, bad time efficiency, single payment, slow circulation, backward information processing, obvious bullwhip effect, low logistics efficiency, low logistics technology, inadequate professional equipm...

  7. Evaluation of Animal and Plant Resources Status Quo after the Reservoir Construction in Turks River and Protection Measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to assess the status quo of animal and plant resources in Turks River after the construction of the reservoir.[Method] Through field investigation,document check and sample identification,the distribution of animal and plants resources in Turks River after the construction of the reservoir was studied and corresponding protection measures were proposed.[Result] Under the influence of reservoir,there were fifteen types of rare animals,one species of national primary protected animals,...

  8. A Review Of The United States Government’s Status Quo North Korean Foreign Policy Approach And Reasons For Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-16

    Korea’s "Year of Friendship." Harvard International Review , 2015. 28 Nielsen, Suzanne C. "American Civil-Military Relations The Soldier and the State...AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY A REVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT’S STATUS QUO NORTH KOREAN FOREIGN POLICY APPROACH AND REASONS FOR...Colonel Spencer holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics, Masters of Education, and a Doctorate degree in Business Administration. She

  9. Perioperative TOF monitoring and residual curarization: pancuronium versus vecuronium%围术期TOF监测与残余肌松潘库溴铵与维库溴铵的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晖; 苏跃; 李明远; 金清尘

    2001-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence of postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade following the use of pancuronium and vecuronium and the feasibility of reducing the incidence of postoperative residual curarization(PORC) by perioperative TOF monitoring. Methods 81 adults ASA I -Ⅱ patients(male 46, female 35) undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia were prospectively randomized to one of the four groups: group V+ M:vecuronium with TOF monitoring( n = 21 ), group V:vecuronium without TOF monitoring( n = 23), group P + M: pancuronium with TOF monitoring( n = 19)and group P: pancuronium without TOF monitoring( n = 18). Patients with renal, liver and neuromuscular diseases were excluded. The patients were premedicated with intramuscular pethidine 50mg and promethazine 25mg and subcutaneous atropine 0.5mg. Anesthesia was induced with propofol 2.0-2.5mg/kg, fentanyl 100μg and droperidol 5mg. When the patients lost consciousness TOF was monitored by stimulation of ulnar nerve using acceleromyograph(TOF-Guard, Biometer, Denmark). Then pancuronium or vecuvenium 0.08-0.12mg/kg was given iv and 3min later the patients were intubated and mechanically ventilated. PET CO2 was maintained at 32-38mmHg. Anesthesia was maintained with inhalation of 50% N2O and low concentration of isoflurane( < 0.75 % ) and intermittent iv boluses of fentanyl(0.05-0.10μg/kg). During operation muscle relaxation was maintained with small increments of pancuronium or vecuronium when T2 returned(in group P + M and group V + M) or on clinical evaluation(in group P and group V). At the end of operation neostigmine 0.04mg/kg and atropine 0.02mg/kg were given iv when T2returned in group P + M and group V + M. In group V and group P the anesthesiologist made the decision if the reversal was necessary. In ICU the incidence and duration of residual neuromuscular blockade were recorded. TOF ratio(T4/T1 )< 0.70 was the criterion of residual neuromuscular blockade. Results The incidence

  10. Zero Emission Buildings in Korea—History, Status Quo, and Future Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thorsten Schuetze

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the history, status quo, and future prospects of Zero Emission Buildings (ZEBs in the Republic of Korea. The advantages of, and requirements for ZEBs are described, concerning the factors of energy, water, nutrients, and biomass. ZEBs are characterized by net zero energy consumption through the minimization of the energy demand, as well as the onsite production and use of renewable energy. The direct water footprint is reduced by up to 100% through on-site water supply and wastewater management according to the principles of Sustainable Sanitation. The fresh water demand is reduced by using water saving technologies and by recycling of wastewater. Rainwater harvesting, utilization, and infiltration facilitates for onsite drinking water production. Nutrients and biomass from sanitation systems are recycled for local soil application. While traditional Korean buildings can be generally regarded as ZEBs, traditional know-how has been overlooked in the process of modernization and implementation of centralized infrastructure systems in the 20th century. However, the growing interest in sustainability issues in Korea since the beginning of the 21st century is reflected in a growing number of research and development activities, including the design, construction, and operation of ZEBs. The widespread implementation of ZEBs would significantly contribute to sustainable development in the Republic of Korea.

  11. Status quo of management of the human tissue banks in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Ching-Pang; Chou, Szu-Cheng; Chen, Ying-Hua; Chen, Yu-Hsuan; Lee, Ming-Shin

    2017-03-01

    As the technologies associated with transplantation and biological tissue engineering continue to advance, human cells and tissues form an integral part to the practice of regenerative medicine. The patient's use of tissues entails the risk of introducing, transmitting and spreading communicable diseases. To prevent such risk and to ensure that the human organs, tissues and cells remain intact and functional after being handled and processed, the transplanted tissues must be subject to good management standards through all stages of collection, screening, processing, storage and distribution as the safety of the users is of the utmost importance. On February 2009, the government of Taiwan promulgated the Regulations for Administration on Human Organ Bank that requires all human tissues banks to adhere to the Good Tissue Practice for Human Organ, Tissue and Cell in terms of establishment and operation in order to cope with the international management trend and the development and management need of the domestic industry. Six years have passed since the law became effective. This article seeks to introduce the current management mechanism and status quo of management of human tissue banks in Taiwan. We also conducted statistical analysis of the data relating to the tissue banks to identify potential risks and the room for improvement. The study concludes that human tissue banks in Taiwan are on the right track with their management practice, leading to a state of steady development and progress.

  12. The Status Quo and Developing Trend Analysis of Global Carbon Finance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Qian; Wang Yao

    2011-01-01

    This paper gives a systematic view of the new trends of global carbon finance innovation under the challenge of global climate change and in the process of transition to achieve economic growth from "high carbon" to 'low carbon', covering the following aspects: the structure, status quo and developing trend of global carbon market. The paper discusses the innovation in financial organization and service systems and governments' overall guidance and policy support, and draws the conclusion that the world is undergoing massive changes with governments actively responding to carbon finance to embrace the tremendous opportunities for clean energy and climate change in financial industry. To seize the opportunity, a complete and overall carbon finance system of China should be put in the top of the agenda. Given the current tasks of energy conservation and pollution reduction and the growing demand for capital input, China needs to construct an clear of policy guidance, a diversified financia service system, and a multi-approach carbon finance system to intensify and widen the participation of financial industry, to expand financing channels for sustainable economy and spread risks, and finally, work out an inexpensive solution to the realization of China's low carbon target.

  13. [Health care networks in Germany: status quo and key success factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wambach, Veit; Lindenthal, J

    2015-04-01

    One third of all practicing physicians are currently working in one of the 400 German health care networks. These physicians' networks bring together GPs and specialists and cooperate with different partners, for example, nursing homes, hospitals, and self-help groups. To increase the quality and the efficiency of care and patient satisfaction by improving the collaboration and communication between physicians and other health care providers.The example of the accountable care organization "Gesundheitsnetz Qualität und Effizienz" (QuE; Health Quality and Efficiency Network) in Nuremberg is used to show that it is possible to achieve an increase in efficiency while providing above-average quality of care and achieving high patient satisfaction. Additionally, the article deals with the status quo, the core objectives, and the key activities of previous generations of health care networks. Quality indicators, satisfaction surveys, and economic parameters are the basis for measuring and representing the above-average performance of physicians' networks. Regional health care networks offer an entire range of patient care, from outpatients and inpatients to the complementary sector, and thereby have excellent prospects for playing an even more important role in the German health care system. The key success factors are: the consideration of specific regional characteristics, their proximity to the patient, and consistent patient orientation.

  14. Researches on Countermeasures and the Status Quo of Agricultural Industrialized Cluster in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of the introduction of the connotation of agricultural industrialized cluster,the thesis introduces the competitive advantages of agricultural industrialized cluster as follows:firstly,it makes the agricultural production factors cluster and curtails the agricultural production costs;secondly it enhances the innovation abilities of industries;thirdly it improves the urbanization level of rural areas and increases farmers’ income.The thesis also analyzes the status quo of agricultural industrialized cluster in Henan Province,points out the advantages of resources,cost,location and so on,and discuses the existing problems of the agricultural industrialized cluster in Henan Province as follows:firstly,the scale of agricultural industrialized cluster is small and the industrialized chain is short;secondly,there is a shortage of leading enterprises,and the radiating effect within industrialized cluster is not prominent;thirdly,the organization degree of agricultural industrialized cluster is weak,lacking scientific innovation ability.In order to solve the existing problems,the corresponding countermeasures are put forward as follows:firstly,take the market as the orientation,strengthen the policies formulation and accelerate the development of agricultural industrialized cluster in Henan by leaps and bounds;secondly,choose suitable developing models of agricultural industrialized cluster.

  15. The Status Quo and Countermeasures of Planting and Industrial Development of Poria cocos in Luotian County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We conduct a field survey of the status quo of planting and industrial development of Poria cocos in Luotian County.The results show that at present,Luotian County develops a set of standardized Poria cocos cultivation technique,and some areas use the guideline of "four changes" to plants Poria cocos.The main problems faced by planting of Poria cocos currently are as follows:insufficient popularization of standardized Poria cocos cultivation technique;low processing level of Poria cocos;chaotic source of germplasm;lack of science and technology input;single industrial development pattern;shortage of well-known brands of products.In accordance with the above findings,we put forward the following recommendations:extensively promoting the guideline of " four changes";focusing on development and utilization of Poria cocos byproducts;implement listing-for-sales to clarify the source of Poria cocos strain;tightening the bonds with research institutes and large enterprises to promote science and technology input into Poria cocos;encouraging the coexistence of diverse industrial development pattern.

  16. A arte de curar dos profissionais de saúde popular em tempo de cólera: Grão-Pará do século XIX The curative art of specialists in folk medicine in times of cholera: 19th century Grão-Pará

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Felipe Beltrão

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Durante a epidemia de cólera que assolou o Grão-Pará, em 1855, pouco mais de uma dezena de anônimos profissionais de saúde popular inscreveram suas artes de curar nos anais da história. As terapias não eram muitas, mas foram disseminadas nos jornais provinciais ou pela forte tradição oral presente na Amazônia. Uma dessas terapias - o uso do sumo de limão - chegou a ser avalizada pelos médicos da província como cientificamente correta. Os homens que "não eram médicos, nem cirurgiões" usavam ervas e frutos medicinais preparados em sumos, infusões, banhos, emplastos e supositórios, rompendo as fronteiras estabelecidas pela arte oficial de curar, a medicina alopática, que tentava estabelecer-se hegemonicamente. Descrevo a trilha da cólera até o Grão-Pará e analiso o contexto social da epidemia; os conhecimentos sobre a cólera: as possibilidades de socorro oferecidas à população e as práticas curativas então adotadas.During the cholera epidemics that affected the Grão-Pará Province in 1855, not more than ten anonymous public health professionals registered in history their curing powers as they relieved cholera victims. There were not too many therapies, but they were publicized in letters printed in local newspapers. The therapeutical powers of alternative medicine was disseminated throughout the Amazon thanks to the strong oral history tradition. One of such therapies - the usage of lemon juice - was adopted by medical doctors in the Province and later on scientifically accredited. Citizens who "were not doctors, nor surgeons" used medicinal herbs and fruits to prepare juices, infusions, baths, plasters and suppositories. They went over the limits established by the official medicine, allopathy, which acted hegemonically. The article describes the path that cholera traveled to reach Grão-Pará and the ensuing scourge of Belém. Data are presented on mortality, the social context of the event, health-care knowledge

  17. Una visión sucinta de la enseñanza de la medicina a través de la historia: II. Colombia, un sitio donde confluyeron varias culturas con su arte de curar = A succinct vision of medical teaching throughout history: II. Colombia, a place where different cultures came together with their art of healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Díaz Hernández, Diana Patricia

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Para comprender cómo se ha enseñado la medicina a través de los tiempos, es necesario apoyarse en los historiadores que han tratado su evolución y, a partir de ellos, indagar sobre las actitudes de los médicos en su posición como docentes y acerca de cómo era la apropiación del conocimiento en cada época por parte de los estudiantes. En este segundo artículo se presenta una visión sucinta de la enseñanza de la medicina en Colombia en diferentes épocas, empezando con la Conquista Española cuando se encontraron varias culturas, la española y las aborígenes, con sus respectivas tradiciones en el arte de curar y en la forma de enseñarlo; se incluyen también la llegada de la enseñanza de la medicina a la universidad colombiana y la actual propuesta curricular de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Antioquia.

  18. [Research on our hospital inventory management status quo of traditional Chinese medicine drugs and treatment method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ying-Nan; Xu, Wen

    2014-03-01

    Under the background of the new medical reform, a large variety of traditional Chinese medicine from complicated sources, Chinese traditional medicine of actor of true and false of the quality directly affect the drug safety and clinical efficacy, but also relate to the social and economic benefits of hospital. Along with the development of the modern management of medical institutions and drug circulation circulation system reform in our country, the hospital drug inventory, supply and management work is an important topic for the pharmaceutical trading. However, there is always contradiction, dispensary need to supple pharmacy, in order to satisfy the demands of hospital patients with normal diagnosis and treatment work. However, if the drug inventory is too much, not only increases the drug monitoring problem, at the same time, but also causes storage costs rise. Therefore, completing scientific and reasonable storage and management becomes urgent problems at present. Wherefore, our country administration of traditional Chinese medicine in 2007 promulgated the "Chinese traditional medicine yinpian management norms in hospital", aims to standardize management of Chinese traditional medicine quality and improve the safety of drugs. The author through looking up information and visiting survey, to understand the currently existing problems, and summarizes the literature inland and abroad in recent years Chinese medicine drug inventory management work experience, in view of status quo of Chinese medicine inventory management in China, put forward the solution. To guarantee TCM pharmacy management more standardized, more standard, to adapt to the new reform of Chinese traditional medicine industry, improve the management level of hospital, defend the hospital's reputation and the patient's interests.

  19. The effects of implicit gender role theories on gender system justification: Fixed beliefs strengthen masculinity to preserve the status quo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kray, Laura J; Howland, Laura; Russell, Alexandra G; Jackman, Lauren M

    2017-01-01

    Four studies (n = 1199) tested support for the idea that implicit theories about the fixedness versus malleability of gender roles (entity vs. incremental theories) predict differences in the degree of gender system justification, that is, support for the status quo in relations between women and men in society. Relative to an incremental theory, the holding of an entity theory correlated with more system-justifying attitudes and self-perceptions (Study 1) for men and women alike. We also found that strength of identification with one's gender in-group was a stronger predictor of system justification for men than it was for women, suggesting men's defense of the status quo may be motivated by their membership in a high status group in the social hierarchy. In 3 experiments, we then tested whether exposure to a fixed gender role theory would lead men to identify more with masculine characteristics and their male gender group, thus increasing their defense of the gender system as fair and just. We did not expect a fixed gender role theory to trigger these identity-motivated responses in women. Overall, we found that, by increasing the degree of psychological investment in their masculine identity, adopting a fixed gender role theory increased men's rationalization of the gender status quo compared with when gender roles were perceived to be changeable. This suggests that, when men are motivated to align with their masculine identity, they are more likely to endorse the persistence of gender inequality as a way of affirming their status as "real men." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. Fiber optical sensor system for shape and haptics for flexible instruments in minimally invasive surgery: overview and status quo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledermann, Christoph; Pauer, Hendrikje; Woern, Heinz

    2014-05-01

    In minimally invasive surgery, exible mechatronic instruments promise to improve the overall performance of surgical interventions. However, those instruments require highly developed sensors in order to provide haptic feedback to the surgeon or to enable (semi-)autonomous tasks. Precisely, haptic sensors and a shape sensor are required. In this paper, we present our ber optical sensor system of Fiber Bragg Gratings, which consists of a shape sensor, a kinesthetic sensor and a tactile sensor. The status quo of each of the three sensors is described, as well as the concept to integrate them into one ber optical sensor system.

  1. 国内外护理岗位设置现状分析%Analysis on status quo of nursing post setting at home and in abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽; 叶文琴; 田东惠

    2013-01-01

    主要介绍国内外护理岗位设置、护士岗位管理现状,提出我国护士岗位管理还处于探索阶段,应建立适合我国国情的护士岗位管理体系.%It introduced nursing post setting at home and in abroad and status quo of nurses post management; and it put forward that status quo of nurses post management is still in exploration phase in China. Nurse post management system that suited to China's national conditions should be established.

  2. [Full-scale simulation in German medical schools and anesthesia residency programs : Status quo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baschnegger, H; Meyer, O; Zech, A; Urban, B; Rall, M; Breuer, G; Prückner, S

    2017-01-01

    Simulation has been increasingly used in medicine. In 2003 German university departments of anesthesiology were provided with a full-scale patient simulator, designated for use with medical students. Meanwhile simulation courses are also offered to physicians and nurses. Currently, the national model curriculum for residency programs in anesthesiology is being revised, possibly to include mandatory simulation training. To assess the status quo of full-scale simulation training for medical school, residency and continuing medical education in German anesthesiology. All 38 German university chairs for anesthesiology as well as five arbitrarily chosen non-university facilities were invited to complete an online questionnaire regarding their centers' infrastructure and courses held between 2010 and 2012. The overall return rate was 86 %. In university simulation centers seven non-student staff members, mainly physicians, were involved, adding up to a full-time equivalent of 1.2. All hours of work were paid by 61 % of the centers. The median center size was 100 m(2) (range 20-500 m(2)), equipped with three patient simulators (1-32). Simulators of high or very high fidelity are available at 80 % of the centers. Scripted scenarios were used by 91 %, video debriefing by 69 %. Of the participating university centers, 97 % offered courses for medical students, 81 % for the department's employees, 43 % for other departments of their hospital, and 61 % for external participants. In 2012 the median center reached 46 % of eligible students (0-100), 39 % of the department's physicians (8-96) and 16 % of its nurses (0-56) once. For physicians and nurses from these departments that equals one simulation-based training every 2.6 and 6 years, respectively. 31 % made simulation training mandatory for their residents, 29 % for their nurses and 24 % for their attending physicians. The overall rates of staff ever exposed to simulation were 45 % of

  3. 吸音材料的发展现状与趋势%Development Status-quo of Absorbing Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨波; 刘亚

    2013-01-01

      本文综述了吸音材料的原理及其分类,主要分析了多孔吸音材料的发展与现状,并重点介绍了非织造吸音材料的的吸音优势、影响因素以及研究进展。%The mechanism and classification of sound-absorbing materials were introduced in this paper. Based on presentation of the advantages, influencing factors and development status-quo of sound-absorbing materials, especially nonwoven sound-absorbing material, the authors gave some suggestions on developing high-performance sound-absorbing materials.

  4. Development Status-quo of Centrifugal Spinning Technology%离心纺丝技术的发展现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄冬徽; 陈廷; 吴丽莉

    2014-01-01

    离心纺丝是一种利用离心力进行纺丝的新型微纳米纤维制备技术。本文介绍了离心纺丝的基本原理,综述了离心纺丝设备的发展现状,阐述了纺丝过程中工艺参数对纤维的形貌、直径及结晶度的影响。%Centrifugal spinning is a new micro-nano fiber manufacturing technology by the use of centrifugal force. The fundamental principle of centrifugal spinning and development status-quo of the centrifugal spinning equipments were introduced in this paper. Besides, the effects of the process parameters on the morphology, diameter and crystallinity of fibers were stated.

  5. Disfunções dos músculos oblíquos nas variações alfabéticas Oblique muscle dysfunctions in alphabetic syndromes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Oyi de Oliveira

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Estabelecer a importância das disfunções dos músculos oblíquos na etiopatogenia das variações alfabéticas ("A" e "V" nos pacientes portadores de estrabismo do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdadede Medicina da Universidadede São Paulo (HCFMUSP; estabelecer qual a disfunção de oblíquo mais comumente associada a cada variação alfabética. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo realizado por meio de levantamento dos prontuários dos pacientes atendidos pelo Serviço de Motilidade Extrínseca Ocular do HCFMUSP de 1983 a 1988. Foram incluídos no trabalho 178 pacientes portadores de eso/exodesvios mais variações alfabéticas ("A" e "V", com ou sem disfunções de oblíquos. Foram excluídos os pacientes portadores de formas especiais de estrabismo (síndromes e paresias e os com cirurgia de estrabismo prévia à primeira consulta em nosso serviço. Resultados: Foram estudados os prontuários de 78 pacientes portadores de variação alfabética em "A": 44 mulheres e 34 homens; 61 pacientes com menos de 20 anos e 17 com mais; 59 esodesvios e 19 exodesvios. 58 pacientes com variação em "A" de até 30 dioptrias prismáticas, 12 pacientes com "A" diagnosticado apenas pelas versões e 8 com variação maior que 30; disfunções de oblíquos encontradas em 70 dos 78 pacientes estudados (89,74%, sendo as mais freqüentes a hiperfunção de oblíquo superior bilateral associada à hipofunção bilateral de oblíquo inferior (31 casos e hiperfunção de oblíquo superior bilateral isolada (12 casos. Foram estudados 100 prontuários de pacientes portadores de variação alfabética em "V": 58 mulheres e 42 homens; 77 pacientes com menos de 10 anos de idade; 65 esodesvios, 34 exodesvios e 1 ortoforia; grande maioria dos pacientes com "V" entre 10 e 30 dioptrias prismáticas (71 casos; disfunções de oblíquos encontradas em 93 pacientes, sendo as mais freqüentes a hiperfunção de oblíquo inferior bilateral isolada (33 casos e a hiperfun

  6. 我国微生物肥料产业现状及发展方向%Status Quo and Development of Microbial Fertilizer Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈德龙; 李俊; 姜昕

    2013-01-01

    This paper was a topic report of "Seminar Forum for Microbiology and Modern Agriculture",to elaborate and deep analyze the status quo and the development of microbial fertilizer industry in China from four aspects,the status quo,the existing main problems,the development opportunity,and the industrialization direction of microbial fertilizer industry in China.%文章为辽宁省微生物学会主办的“微生物与现代农业专题论坛”主题报告,从我国微生物肥料产业的现状、存在的主要问题、发展机遇及微生物肥料的产业化方向4个方面对我国微生物肥料产业现状及发展进行了详细阐述和深入分析.

  7. Efeito do debilitamento do músculo oblíquo superior hiperfuncionante associado à anteriorização do músculo oblíquo inferior na divergência vertical dissociada The effect of overacting superior oblique muscle tenectomy associated with anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle in patients with dissociated vertical deviation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Teixeira Krieger

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analisar o efeito do debilitamento do oblíquo superior associado à transposição anterior do oblíquo inferior em casos de pacientes com DVD (divergência vertical dissociada e hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior (HOS. Métodos: Em 14 pacientes foram analisadas a correção média da divergência vertical dissociada da hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior e da anisotropia em A. A cirurgia de tenectomia do oblíquo superior e a transposição anterior do músculo oblíquo inferior foram realizadas nos 28 olhos. Resultados: A redução da divergência vertical dissociada foi de 65,5% no olho direito (OD e de 61,3% no olho esquerdo (OE. A correção da hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior foi de 81,8% no olho direito e de 85,0% no olho esquerdo. Houve redução de 92,2% da anisotropia em A. Estas correções foram estatisticamente significantes (pPurpose: To analyze the effect of weakening of the superior oblique muscle (HOS with anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle in patients with dissociated vertical deviation (DVD associated with overaction of superior oblique muscle. Methods: In 14 patients we analyzed the correction of dissociated vertical deviation, the reduction of the superior oblique overaction, and the reduction of the A pattern. Twenty-eight eyes were submitted to anterior transposition of the inferior oblique, and tenectomy of the superior oblique muscle. Results: The correction of dissociated vertical deviation was 65.5% in right eye (RE and 61.3% in left eye (LE. The reduction in the superior oblique overaction was 81.8% in and right eye 85.0% in left eye. The A pattern was reduced in 92.2%. All these values were statistically significant (p<0.01. Conclusions: The proposed surgery is effective in the correction of dissociated vertical deviation and overacting superior oblique muscle.

  8. Regional Reproducibility of BOLD Calibration Parameter M, OEF and Resting-State CMRO2 Measurements with QUO2 MRI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lajoie, Isabelle; Tancredi, Felipe B.; Hoge, Richard D.

    2016-01-01

    The current generation of calibrated MRI methods goes beyond simple localization of task-related responses to allow the mapping of resting-state cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) in micromolar units and estimation of oxygen extraction fraction (OEF). Prior to the adoption of such techniques in neuroscience research applications, knowledge about the precision and accuracy of absolute estimates of CMRO2 and OEF is crucial and remains unexplored to this day. In this study, we addressed the question of methodological precision by assessing the regional inter-subject variance and intra-subject reproducibility of the BOLD calibration parameter M, OEF, O2 delivery and absolute CMRO2 estimates derived from a state-of-the-art calibrated BOLD technique, the QUantitative O2 (QUO2) approach. We acquired simultaneous measurements of CBF and R2* at rest and during periods of hypercapnia (HC) and hyperoxia (HO) on two separate scan sessions within 24 hours using a clinical 3 T MRI scanner. Maps of M, OEF, oxygen delivery and CMRO2, were estimated from the measured end-tidal O2, CBF0, CBFHC/HO and R2*HC/HO. Variability was assessed by computing the between-subject coefficients of variation (bwCV) and within-subject CV (wsCV) in seven ROIs. All tests GM-averaged values of CBF0, M, OEF, O2 delivery and CMRO2 were: 49.5 ± 6.4 mL/100 g/min, 4.69 ± 0.91%, 0.37 ± 0.06, 377 ± 51 μmol/100 g/min and 143 ± 34 μmol/100 g/min respectively. The variability of parameter estimates was found to be the lowest when averaged throughout all GM, with general trends toward higher CVs when averaged over smaller regions. Among the MRI measurements, the most reproducible across scans was R2*0 (wsCVGM = 0.33%) along with CBF0 (wsCVGM = 3.88%) and R2*HC (wsCVGM = 6.7%). CBFHC and R2*HO were found to have a higher intra-subject variability (wsCVGM = 22.4% and wsCVGM = 16% respectively), which is likely due to propagation of random measurement errors, especially for CBFHC due to the low

  9. 德国天然气输配现状%Status quo of natural gas transmission and distribution In Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李博; 张宇

    2012-01-01

    Germany, as a large consumer of natural gas in the world and the most important transit country for natural gas transmission in Europe, its natural gas transmission/distribution system has entered a mature stage after years of development. The structure of the natural gas supply chain in Germany is described, main gas suppliers and pipeline operators in the current market are combed and the market structure and operation mode of natural gas networks in Germany are shown. Natural gas storage and transmission systems in Germany are introduced systematically, important long-distance pipelines in its territory and European gas transmission trunks in transit are paid focal descriptions and underground gas storage's development status quo and future plan are outlined. Development status quo and future trends of natural gas transmission and distribution in developed countries are displayed, which can provide references to future development of China's natural gas industry.%德国作为世界天然气消费大国和欧洲大陆重要的天然气运输中转国,其天然气输配系统经过多年发展已经进入相对成熟的阶段.阐述了德国天然气供给链条的结构组成,梳理了当前市场上的主要供气商和管道运营商,呈现了德国天然气的市场结构和运行方式.系统介绍了德国的天然气储运系统,着重描述了其境内重要的长输管道和过境的欧洲输气干线,概述了地下储气库的发展现状和未来规划.展示了发达国家天然气输配领域的发展现状和未来趋势,可为中国天然气工业领域未来的发展提供借鉴.

  10. University Gynaecology and Obstetrics, quo vadis? A Department of Women's Health-University Women's Hospital of the future?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simoes, Elisabeth; Brucker, Sara Y; Krämer, Bernhard; Wallwiener, Diethelm

    2015-02-01

    Numerous changes in society, science and health care challenge gynaecology and obstetrics. These challenges include the maintenance of excellence in research, commercial potential and clinical innovation, as well as the maintenance of adequate human resources, new standards for patient orientation and individualised medicine. Based on a SWOT analysis of the status quo, of local and national quality data, a search regarding national conceptions and of international best practice for women's health centres, the model of a Department of Women's Health was developed. The Department, consisting of a University Hospital and a Research Institute, should interlink clinical care and science. With the establishment of the department, a pool of expertise is achieved which encompasses gynaecology and obstetrics from basic care to the high-technology segments, as well as all the scientific areas relevant to the medical discipline and women's health, including health services research. Preservation and attraction of personnel resources are based on the department's excellence, on reliable perspectives and the flexibility of job profiles, which also result from the close connection between care and research and the expansion of perspectives on women's health. Methodological diversity and inter-professionalism build the appropriate base for the further development of research fields. At the same time, the Department creates space for the consolidation of the core areas and the integration of sub-disciplines (clinical and scientific) to maintain the unity of this discipline. Via the scientific monitoring of the implementation, suitable elements can be highlighted for transfer to other facilities.

  11. A Review of Realizing the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) Goals by 2030: Part 1- Status quo, Requirements, and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussein, Rada

    2015-07-01

    This paper is the first part of a review of how to realize the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) goals by 2030. The objective of this review is to investigate the role of eHealth and technology in achieving UHC, focusing on four aspects: 1) identifying the importance of UHC and highlighting how UHC is influenced by health systems and eHealth, 2) investigating the current status of UHC worldwide and indicating the current challenges facing the realization of UHC, 3) reviewing the current research activities in the UHC domain and emphasizing the role of eHealth and technology in achieving UHC, and 4) discussing the results of the review to identify the current gaps in UHC implantation and the corresponding research lines for future investigation.This part covers the first two aspects through: providing the required background on UHC, highlighting the potential benefits of eHealth utilization in UHC, addressing the current status quo of UHC implementation worldwide, and finally concluding the lessons learned in terms of the UHC challenges and requirements.This part also described the used search methodology and selection criteria to synthesize this review. It also indicates the limitations of conducting a systematic review in this early stage of deploying UHC-oriented eHealth solutions.

  12. El hacinamiento, la enfermedad que los estrategas deben curar.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Alberto Rivera Rodríguez

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta una patología estratégica encontrada en los sectores industriales, denominada hacinamiento estratégico, caracterizada por los siguientes síntomas: disminución de los niveles de rentabilidad en el tiempo, incremento en el número de empresas que desaparecen, pérdida de ventajas de largo plazo y una variación de las utilidades superior a la variación de los ingresos del sector, como consecuencia de la imitación de las mejores prácticas de otras compañías, tratando de obtener resultados financieros que les garanticen perdurabilidad.

  13. El hacinamiento, la enfermedad que los estrategas deben curar

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo Alberto Rivera Rodríguez

    2013-01-01

    El artículo presenta una patología estratégica encontrada en los sectores industriales, denominada hacinamiento estratégico, caracterizada por los siguientes síntomas: disminución de los niveles de rentabilidad en el tiempo, incremento en el número de empresas que desaparecen, pérdida de ventajas de largo plazo y una variación de las utilidades superior a la variación de los ingresos del sector, como consecuencia de la imitación de las mejores prácticas de otras compañías, tratando de obtener...

  14. Manual evaluation of residual curarization using double burst stimulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drenck, N E; Ueda, N; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal;

    1989-01-01

    Double burst stimulation (DBS) is a new mode of stimulation developed to reveal residual neuromuscular blockade under clinical conditions. The stimulus consists of two short bursts of 50 Hz tetanic stimulation, separated by 750 ms, and the response to the stimulation is two short muscle contracti...

  15. Micotossine: prevenire è molto, molto meglio che curare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Firrao

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Food contamination with fungal secondary metabolites has been a major limit for population wellness and development in the past. Although today social protection against this plague has been established in most countries, there are still many areas in the world where mycotoxin contamination causes illness and even death, due to the lack of healthy conditions for the storage of commodities. Information and knowledge are the main weapons available to contrast the danger of food contamination by mycotoxins. In several instances, information about the severity of the issue alone would have been effective in preventing cases of acute intoxications. Prevention is the winning strategy not only at the level of the end consumer, but also as far as the production is concerned. Thanks to the advances in the understanding of fungal epidemiology and mycotoxin synthesis, strategies for the prevention or at least for the limitation of mycotoxin contaminations have been developed in recent years. As far as cereal production in Italy is concerned, proper storage conditions are now widely adopted, and protocols for good practice in cultivation are being followed by an increasing number of producers. In addition, rapid methods for the early detection of contaminants and quality assessment have been developed and, when introduced in the routine field operation, may lead to substantial improvements of product quality.

  16. El hacinamiento, la enfermedad que los estrategas deben curar

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo Alberto Rivera Rodríguez

    2013-01-01

    El artículo presenta una patología estratégica encontrada en los sectores industriales, denominada hacinamiento estratégico, caracterizada por los siguientes síntomas: disminución de los niveles de rentabilidad en el tiempo, incremento en el número de empresas que desaparecen, pérdida de ventajas de largo plazo y una variación de las utilidades superior a la variación de los ingresos del sector, como consecuencia de la imitación de las mejores prácticas de otras compañías, tratando de obtener...

  17. Curare Alkaloids: Constituents of a Matis Dart Poison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malca Garcia, Gonzalo R; Hennig, Lothar; Shelukhina, Irina V; Kudryavtsev, Denis S; Bussmann, Rainer W; Tsetlin, Victor I; Giannis, Athanassios

    2015-11-25

    A phytochemical study of dart and arrow poison from the Matis tribe led to the identification of D-(-)-quinic acid, L-malic acid, ethyldimethylamine, magnoflorine, and five new bisbenzyltetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloids (BBIQAs), 1-5. D-Tubocurarine could not be identified among these products. BBIQA (3) contains a unique linkage at C-8 and C-11'. All structures were characterized by a combination of NMR and HRESIMS data. The effects of Matis poison and individual BBIQAs (1-3) on rat muscle nAChR expressed in Xenopus oocytes have been investigated using the two-electrode voltage clamp technique.

  18. Dengue — Quo tu et quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikos Vasilakis

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Dengue viruses (DENV are by far the most important arboviral pathogens in the tropics around the world, putting at risk of infection nearly a third of the global human population. DENV are members of the genus Flavivirus in the Family Flaviviridae and comprise four antigenically distinct serotypes (DENV-1-4. Although they share almost identical epidemiological features, they are genetically distinct. Phylogenetic analyses have revealed valuable insights into the origins, epidemiology and the forces that shape DENV evolution in nature. In this review, we examine the current status of DENV evolution, including but not limited to rates of evolution, selection pressures, population sizes and evolutionary constraints, and we discuss how these factors influence transmission, pathogenesis and emergence.

  19. Alterações funcionais da junção neuromuscular provocadas em ratos pela administração diária e prolongada de um agente curarizante Functional changes of the neuromuscular junction induced in rats by a daily and prolonged ministration of a curare agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Zanini

    1967-06-01

    Full Text Available A ratos adultos, machos, foi administrado durante 8 semanas, uma vez ao dia, o iodeto do dimetiléter da d-tubocurarina (DMT, pela via intraperitoneal. Os animais foram distribuídos em 3 lotes: os do 1.°, receberam 5,5 gama de DMT/kg/dia; os do 2.°, 16,6 gama/kg/dia; os do 3.° (controle, 1 ml da solução isotônica de cloreto de sódio. A força muscular dos animais foi avaliada uma vez por semana, de acordo com o método descrito no texto, antes e após a injeção intraperitoneal da referida substância. Com o decorrer da experimentação, observou-se que: a houve diminuição significativa da força muscular dos animais, avaliada após esvaecimento da atividade curarizante do DMT; b a determinação da força muscular, feita logo após a injeção, mostrou que a dose de 5,5 gama/kg/dia provoca um aumento da suscetibilidade dos animais à ação curarizante do DMT; c o efeito inibidor provocado pela dose de 16,6 gama/kg/dia de DMT aumentou no início mas diminuiu significantemente após a 5ª semana, muito embora houvesse uma progressiva diminuição da força muscular, sugerindo independência entre os dois efeitos. Com base nesses resultados, são discutidos alguns fenômenos que podem ocorrer na instalação e tratamento da miastenia grave.Dimethylether of d-tubocurarine iodide (DMT was administered daily, by intraperitoneal route, to adult male rats during 8 weeks. The animals were divided in three groups: the animals of the first group were given 5.5 gama/kg/day of DMT; those of the second group were given 16.6 gama/ kg/day; the rats of the 3rd (the control group, received 1 cm³ of isotonic saline solution. The animals muscular force was evaluated once a week right before and after intraperitoneal injection of the drug. During the course of the trial, it was noted: aa significant reduction of the animals muscular force, evaluated after disappearance of the DMT curarizing effect; bmeasurements of muscular force, performed straight

  20. The Status Quo of Chinese Agro-products Logistics and the Establishment of the Third-Party Logistics Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The status quo of Chinese agro-products logistics is analyzed from the following five aspects:the circulation mode,exchange mode,storage and transportation situation,food security.The following problems in Chinese agro-products logistics are pointed out,including excessive circulation sections,bad time efficiency,single payment,slow circulation,backward information processing,obvious bullwhip effect,low logistics efficiency,low logistics technology,inadequate professional equipments,low standardization degree,organized operation mode and low degree of scale.The third-party logistics mode of agro-products is analyzed and the advantages of the mode are analyzed as well.Firstly,establishing information network through integrating circulation section to accelerate the circulation of agro-products;secondly,making the operation norms by providing professional equipments to secure the quality of agricultural products;thirdly,improving the core competitiveness of the whole logistics chain by intensifying specialized work division in each section of the supply chain;fourthly,through forming scale economy to reduce logistics costs and increase the diversity of products;fifthly,through signing contracts to clarify duties and responsibilities and materialize the profit integration of the supply chain.The measures for establishing the third-party logistics of agro-products are put forward,including establish the awareness and concept of socialized logistics services;intensify the support on the third-party logistics enterprises of agro-products;lay stress on the cultivation of logistics talents of agro-products;and vigorously apply the modern marketing means.

  1. An Investigation and Analysis of the Status Quo of the Old People's Physical Exercise in Haikou City%海口市老年人体育锻炼的现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈猛醒; 金德阳

    2012-01-01

    In this study, literature review and mathematical statistics are used to investigate and analyze the status quo of the old people participating in physical exercise in Haikou city. The results show that the status quo of old people' s physical exercise is influenced by such factors as politics, economic and cultural levels in the local areas. This paper also puts forward some suggestions according to the status quo and characteristics of their physical exercise.%对海口市老年人参与体育锻炼的现状进行了调查分析.研究结果表明,老年人体育开展状况受其所在地区政治、经济和文化发展水平等多方面因素的影响,本研究同时针对其体育锻炼的现状和特点,提出建议.

  2. The Status Quo and the Development of Mechatronics Technology%机电一体化技术的现状与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张葆青; 闫石; 陈爽

    2011-01-01

    介绍了我国机电一体化技术的发展现状和未来的发展趋势,并简单介绍了机电一体化技术主要应用的几个方面,对机电一体化的核心技术进行了简要的介绍.%The development status quo and the trend of development of meehatronics technology in our country were introduced. Some main application aspects and the core technology of mechatronics were briefly introduced.

  3. Research on the Status Quo of Digital Divide in Our Country%浅析我国数字鸿沟现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏硕; 王聪

    2012-01-01

    This paperanalyses the latest database of CNNIC, and consequently, it points out the status quo of digital divide in our country. At last, it puts forward the countermeasure to overcome digital divide on order to realize barrier-free information acquisition.%本文对中国互联网络信息中心最新数据进行分析,指出中国数字鸿沟的现状,提出了克服数字鸿沟的对策。

  4. 加氢处理技术的现状与发展趋势%Status Quo and Development Trends of Hydrotreating Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立军; 卜岩; 侯娜; 马艳秋

    2011-01-01

    Hydrotreating is one of important processing technologies in modern refining industry. In this paper, driving forces of hydrotreating technologies development were discussed, status quo and development trend of hydrotreating technologies were summarized from the aspect of hydrotreating catalyst and process.%加氢处理是现代石油炼制工业的重要加工过程之一.讨论了加氢处理技术发展的推动因素,并从工艺和催化剂两方面对加氧处理技术的现状和发展趋势做了简要评述.

  5. 二甲醚在燃料电池中的应用现状%Application status quo of dimethyl ether(DME)in fuel cell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨滔; 尹鸽平; 蔡克迪

    2009-01-01

    分别从直接二甲醚(DME)燃料电池(DDFC)、以DME为燃料的固体氧化物燃料电池(SOFC)和DME重整制氢用于燃料电池等研究方向,介绍了DME在燃料电池中的应用现状.%Application status quo of dimethyl ether (DME) in fuel cell was introduced from the research directions of direct dimethyl ether fuel cell(DDFC) ,solid oxide fuel cell(SOFC)fueled with DME and hydrogen generation from reforming DME for fuel cell.

  6. 音乐疗法的研究现状和趋势%Research status quo and tendency of music therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张友根; 彭小芳; 韶红

    2012-01-01

    介绍了国内外音乐疗法研究现状,阐述了音乐疗法对人心理的治疗作用及在各临床科室的应用情况,并提出了音乐疗法的发展趋势.%It introduced the research status quo of music therapy at home and in abroad, and expounded the psychological treatment effect of music therapy and application in clinical departments and put forward the tendency of music therapy as well.

  7. 痛风诊治现状调查%A study on status quo of gout treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章璐; 赵孟君; 周惠琼; 吴东海

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解我国痛风诊治现状,提高医师诊治水平.方法 对210 名医师进行关于痛风诊治情况的现场问卷调查,并对结果进行统计分析.结果 一共回收201 份答卷.有35 名医师(17.4%)认为急性痛风发作时血尿酸水平一定升高;有108 名医师(53.7%)认为在痛风急性发作时应立即停用正在应用的降血尿酸药物;有98 名医师(48.7%)认为开始降血尿酸治疗时不需要同时给予秋水仙碱或非甾体类抗炎药(NSAIDs)预防痛风发作.结论 部分医师对痛风诊治中已成共识的知识了解不够全面,有待进一步提高.对目前尚有争论的问题应开展深入临床研究.%Objective To investigate the status quo of the treatment decisions for gout in China . Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 210 physicians. Statistical analyses of data were performed by SPSS version 11.5 Results 201 questionnaires were collected. 35 physicians ( 17. 4% ) consider that the level of blood uric acid will be certainly increased during acute attacks of gout. 53. 7% of the responders think that the urate -lowering drugs being taken by patients should be stopped when gout attacks. 98 of them ( 48. 7% ) think prophylaxis against gout flare using colchicine or NSAIDS is not necessary during the first months of urate-lowering therapy. Conclusions Medical consensus about gout treatment should be further emphasized among us , and some controversial issues should be addressed through large sample long term prospective clinical trial .

  8. Metabolic surgery: quo vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos-Leví, Ana M; Rubio Herrera, Miguel A

    2014-01-01

    The impact of bariatric surgery beyond its effect on weight loss has entailed a change in the way of regarding it. The term metabolic surgery has become more popular to designate those interventions that aim at resolving diseases that have been traditionally considered as of exclusive medical management, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Recommendations for metabolic surgery have been largely addressed and discussed in worldwide meetings, but no definitive consensus has been reached yet. Rates of diabetes remission after metabolic surgery have been one of the most debated hot topics, with heterogeneity being a current concern. This review aims to identify and clarify controversies regarding metabolic surgery, by focusing on a critical analysis of T2D remission rates achieved with different bariatric procedures, and using different criteria for its definition. Indications for metabolic surgery for patients with T2D who are not morbidly obese are also discussed. Copyright © 2013 SEEN. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  9. North Korea, Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl H. Stingeder

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available North Korean politics appears neither irrational nor unpredictable: the logic of its actions may at first seem opaque, but it nonetheless displays its own rationale and patterns. – North Korea: a ruthless political actor, now under the leadership of Kim Jong-Un who inherited the regime’s leadership from his father and "Supreme Leader", Kim Jong-Il, in 2011. The country’s policy is based on its ongoing political agenda of (nuclear brinkmanship, a true threat to the world – or at least that's how the Western hemisphere sees it. Yet our factual knowledge of this post-Leninist and totalitarian regime is extremely limited and relatively distorted; it is largely circumstantial evidence and judgmental speculation that accounts for our perception of this East Asian state. Northeast Asia (China, Japan, South and North Korea, Taiwan is a region dominated by the legacy of the Cold War. The North Korean leadership has indeed established its priorities, primarily its isolationist orientation, but in the long term the regime cannot survive without external stimulus. Most importantly, even in a long-term, non-violent and gradual transformation of North Korea considerable danger can ultimately result in the demise of the regime. Apart from few signs of a North Korean "civil society", currently only the army might have the resources to see through a regime change. In the meantime, the strategies of isolationism as well as tight control of the media remain as fundamental cornerstones of the regime. A close-knit network of social control has been established and access to the internet for the most part is limited to the regime’s entrusted cadre.

  10. ASEAN, Quo Vadis?

    OpenAIRE

    Bebas

    2009-01-01

    ASEAN lebih sering menjadi kerumunan para birokrat. Masih terbatasnya partisipasi masyarakat negara-negara ASEAN dalam program-program ASEAN. Organisasi ini terlalu enjoy too much dengan net working yang bersifat birokratis. Kalaupun ada masyarakat ASEAN yang tersentuh masih sangat terbatas dan bersifat top down his-agu2006- (1)

  11. Endodontic Biofilm: Quo Vadis?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tatiana Ramírez Mora

    2016-01-01

    .... However, the evidence of biofilm along the root canal system and the inability of current instruments and irrigants to eliminate bacterial biofilm have built a barrier toward a higher favorable...

  12. Quo Vadis photovoltaics 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jäger-Waldau, A.

    2011-10-01

    Since more than 10 years photovoltaics is one of the most dynamic industries with growth rates well beyond 40% per annum. This growth is driven not only by the progress in materials knowledge and processing technology, but also by market introduction programmes in many countries around the world. Despite the negative impacts on the economy by the financial crisis since 2009, photovoltaics is still growing at an extraordinary pace and had in 2010 an extraordinary success, as both production and markets doubled. The open question is what will happen in 2011 and the years after as the situation is dominated by huge manufacturing overcapacities and an increasing unpredictability of policy support. How can the PV industry continue their cost reduction to ensure another 10 to 20 years of sustained and strong growth necessary to make PV to one of the main pillars of a sustainable energy supply in 2030. Despite the fact, that globally the share of electricity from photovoltaic systems is still small, at local level it can be already now above 30% of the demand at certain times of the year. Future research in PV has to provide intelligent solutions not only on the solar cell alone, but also on the module and the system integration level in order to permit a 5 to 10% share of electricity in 2020.

  13. Congenital scoliosis - Quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debnath Ujjwal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital spinal vertebral anomalies can present as scoliosis or kyphosis or both. The worldwide prevalence of the vertebral anomalies is 0.5-1 per 1000 live births. Vertebral anomalies can range from hemi vertebrae (HV which may be single or multiple, vertebral bar with or without HV, block vertebrae, wedge shaped or butterfly vertebrae. Seventy per cent of congenital vertebral anomalies result in progressive deformities. The risk factors for progression include: type of defect, site of defect (junctional regions and patient′s age at the time of diagnosis. The key to success in managing these spinal deformities is early diagnosis and anticipation of progression. One must intervene surgically to halt the progression of deformity and prevent further complications associated with progressive deformity. Planning for surgery includes a preoperative MRI scan to rule out spinal anomalies such as diastematomyelia. The goals of surgical treatment for congenital spinal deformity are to achieve a straight growing spine, a normal standing sagittal profile, and a short fusion segment. The options of surgery include in situ fusion, convex hemi epiphysiodesis and hemi vertebra excision. These basic surgical procedures can be combined with curve correction, instrumentation and short segment fusion. Most surgeons prefer posterior (only surgery for uncomplicated HV excision and short segment fusion. These surgical procedures can be performed through posterior, anterior or combined approaches. The advocates of combined approaches suggest greater deformity correction possibilities with reduced incidence of pseudoarthrosis and minimize crankshaft phenomenon. We recommend posterior surgery for curves involving only an element of kyphosis or modest deformity, whereas combined anterior and posterior approach is indicated for large or lordotic deformities. In the last decade, the use of growing rods and vertebral expandable prosthetic titanium rib has improved the armamentarium of the spinal surgeon in dealing with certain difficult congenital spinal deformities. The goal of growing rod treatment is to provide simultaneous deformity correction and allow for continued spinal growth. Once maximal spinal growth has been achieved, definitive fusion and instrumentation is performed.

  14. Polymer Electronics, Quo Vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chiechi, Ryan C.; Hummelen, Jan C.

    2012-01-01

    At the heart of polymer electronics lies more than three decades of research into conjugated polymers. The future of these materials is intimately tied to the development of organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices that can compete with traditional, inorganic devices in efficiency and cost. In addition to

  15. Polymer Electronics, Quo Vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chiechi, Ryan C.; Hummelen, Jan C.

    2012-01-01

    At the heart of polymer electronics lies more than three decades of research into conjugated polymers. The future of these materials is intimately tied to the development of organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices that can compete with traditional, inorganic devices in efficiency and cost. In addition to

  16. Quid Pro Quo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesley, Gary M.

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses how a university-school district partnership improves the quality of teacher candidates and the knowledge and skills of high school graduates. Several years ago, the author was having lunch with Lynne Clark, the dean of professional studies at Western Connecticut State University, when Clark complained that too many recent…

  17. Glass Fibers: Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edith Mäder

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the early 1930s, the process of melting glass and subsequently forming fibers, in particular discontinuous fiber glass or continuous glass filaments, evolved into commercial-scale manufacturing.[...

  18. Quo Vadis Quantum Mechanics?

    CERN Document Server

    Dolev, S; Kolenda, N

    2005-01-01

    For more than a century, quantum mechanics has served as a very powerful theory that has expanded physics and technology far beyond their classical limits, yet it has also produced some of the most difficult paradoxes known to the human mind. This book represents the combined efforts of sixteen of today's most eminent theoretical physicists to lay out future directions for quantum physics. The authors include Yakir Aharonov, Anton Zeilinger; the Nobel laureates Anthony Leggett and Geradus 't Hooft; Basil Hiley, Lee Smolin and Henry Stapp. Following a foreword by Roger Penrose, the individual chapters address questions such as quantum non-locality, the measurement problem, quantum insights into relativity, cosmology and thermodynamics, and the possible bearing of quantum phenomena on biology and consciousness.

  19. Modern Enology: Quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fedor Malík

    2001-03-01

    The beauty wine of the third millennium should develop from the refined range of today´s varieties. However, application of the latest methods of chemical analysis (GC, HPLC, MS, SNIF - NMR will allow a more precise determination of the origin, purity and authenticity of wine in the near future. It will help define the originality (both chemical and sensory of a wide range of wines from different parts of the world which have to be preserved for the generations of our descendants.

  20. BEPS: quo vadis Nederland?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cornelisse, R.P.C.

    2015-01-01

    Schrijver blikt vooruit op de ontwikkelingen die dit jaar in de fiscale wereld gaan plaatsvinden. Hij stelt de vraag aan de orde of Nederland de ontwikkelingen op dit terrein moet afwachten of dat het verstandiger is juist niet af te wachten maar pro-actief haar fiscale stelsel op korte termijn zoda

  1. Media Challenging Status Quo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil

    Digital media and especially so-called ‘social media’ have on the one hand been ascribed the power to change societies and empower democratic movements following the thoughts of e.g. Rheingold (2004), recently fueled by the democratic uprising in Arabic countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Iran...... and Libya creating headlines like “the Facebook revolution”. On the other hand, several scholars argue that it is naive to believe that social media in themselves create change: they may at the best facilitate already existing social and political movements (Downing 2008, Christakis & Fowler 2010...... and communication research is currently engaging in a longer and deeper process of examining and assessing the cultural consequences of networked communication. One present challenge is to understand digital media and networked communication at the intersection of established and countercultural, utopian...

  2. SQUIDs - quo vadis?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, H. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Abbestr. 2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany)], E-mail: hans.koch@ptb.de

    2008-09-15

    For many decades R and D on superconducting quantum infererence devices (SQUIDs) has resulted in numerous and very diverse applications. However the commercial success of these applications is still marginal. This contribution analyses the reasons and discusses possible measures to improve this situation particularly for the application of multichannel SQUID systems for magnetoencephalography (MEG) and magnetocardiograpphy (MCG). The possible impact of combining low field magnetresonance imaging (lfMRI) with MEG and/or MCG is considered as well.

  3. Quo Vadis photovoltaics 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jäger-Waldau A.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Since more than 10 years photovoltaics is one of the most dynamic industries with growth rates well beyond 40% per annum. This growth is driven not only by the progress in materials knowledge and processing technology, but also by market introduction programmes in many countries around the world. Despite the negative impacts on the economy by the financial crisis since 2009, photovoltaics is still growing at an extraordinary pace and had in 2010 an extraordinary success, as both production and markets doubled. The open question is what will happen in 2011 and the years after as the situation is dominated by huge manufacturing overcapacities and an increasing unpredictability of policy support. How can the PV industry continue their cost reduction to ensure another 10 to 20 years of sustained and strong growth necessary to make PV to one of the main pillars of a sustainable energy supply in 2030. Despite the fact, that globally the share of electricity from photovoltaic systems is still small, at local level it can be already now above 30% of the demand at certain times of the year. Future research in PV has to provide intelligent solutions not only on the solar cell alone, but also on the module and the system integration level in order to permit a 5 to 10% share of electricity in 2020.

  4. Quo Vadis, opvoeder?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. C. Shutte

    1960-03-01

    Full Text Available Waar die Indiese Minister van Onderwys,K. L. Shrimali, die jongstekongres van die „New Education Fellowship” in Delhi toegespreek het, het hy etlike punte van kritiek kwytgeraak wat, afkomstig uit daardie bron, nogal belangrik is. Hy wys o.a. daarop dat as slegs die belangstellings van kinders as basis vir hulle onderwys moet dien, dan kan die „progressiewe onderwys” slegs met sekerheid staat maak op twee produkte, ,.complaints and cripples”. aarom is die skool daar om waardevolle en sluimerende belangstellings te prikkel.

  5. Quo vadis, neuroergonomics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fafrowicz, M; Marek, T

    2007-11-01

    The current paper considers a new perspective in research and designing which ergonomics is facing at present. It is related to a spectacular progress in neuroscience. Implementing both the latest research results concerning the functioning of neural systems and new non-invasive techniques of brain examination in ergonomics constitutes a serious challenge and, simultaneously, offers unprecedented opportunities for the discipline. This paper posits that assuming a neuroergonomic perspective in ergonomic research and designing leads to a new quality. Knowledge concerning neural structures and mechanisms responsible for behavioural, cognitive and emotional activity will force out the knowledge based on psychological constructs from the field of ergonomics. We are questioning the perception of neuroergonomics as a discipline which resorts to psychological constructs. We are postulating rejecting such constructs in neuroergonomic field as too general in their formulation of certain regularities and failing to ensure satisfying accuracy of measurement.

  6. Business models : quo vadis?

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Elsevier is an integral partner with the scientific, technical and health communities, delivering superior information products and services that foster communication, build insights, and enable individual and collective advancement in scientific research and health care. Elsevier is a pioneer in information sharing, creating advanced technologies to deliver research and clinical information to the desktop. Using our open electronic delivery platform, our customers have 24/7 access to the wor...

  7. Pacific Studies: Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Holden Rønning

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Looking back to the past this paper discusses why Pacific studies and in particular Australasian studies became an area of interest in tertiary education in Europe. What subject areas initiated these studies, and how do past legacies shape the present? With cutbacks in higher education over the past two decades the future of interdisciplinary studies and the humanities looks bleak. At the same time due to global business and increased political communication across borders there is a vibrant interest in and need for such studies among businesses and students. For most Europeans the literature of settler countries, with their European legacy, makes access to ways of thought and culture easier than studies of countries with other mythological backgrounds. In today’s multicultural environment such studies can provide knowledge for an understanding of other cultures and increase tolerance of the ‘other’. Area studies have relevance to our situation in Europe with increased migrancy, not least as a result of Schengen and EU regulations.

  8. Transport research: Quo Vadis?

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Rust, FC

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available It is well-recognised internationally that transport and transport infrastructure play a major role both in the stimulation of economic growth, creation of job opportunities and in poverty alleviation. This is of particular importance in South...

  9. Quo Vadis, Medical Genetics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czeizel, Andrew E.

    The beginning of human genetics and its medical part: medical genetics was promising in the early decades of this century. Many genetic diseases and defects with Mendelian origin were identified and it helped families with significant genetic burden to limit their child number. Unfortunately this good start was shadowed by two tragic events. On the one hand, in the 1930s and early 1940s the German fascism brought about the dominance of an unscientific eugenics to mask vile political crimes. People with genetic diseases-defects were forced to sterilisation and several of them were killed. On the other hand, in the 1950s lysenkoism inhibitied the evolution of genetics in the Soviet Union and their satelite countries. Lysenko's doctrine declared genetics as a product of imperialism and a guilty science, therefore leading geneticists were ousted form their posts and some of them were executed or put in prison. Past decades genetics has resulted fantastic new results and achieved a leading position within the natural sciences. To my mind, however, the expected wider use of new eugenics indicates a new tragedy and this Cassandra's prediction is the topic of this presentation.

  10. Quo vadis, analytical chemistry?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valcárcel, Miguel

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an open, personal, fresh approach to the future of Analytical Chemistry in the context of the deep changes Science and Technology are anticipated to experience. Its main aim is to challenge young analytical chemists because the future of our scientific discipline is in their hands. A description of not completely accurate overall conceptions of our discipline, both past and present, to be avoided is followed by a flexible, integral definition of Analytical Chemistry and its cornerstones (viz., aims and objectives, quality trade-offs, the third basic analytical reference, the information hierarchy, social responsibility, independent research, transfer of knowledge and technology, interfaces to other scientific-technical disciplines, and well-oriented education). Obsolete paradigms, and more accurate general and specific that can be expected to provide the framework for our discipline in the coming years are described. Finally, the three possible responses of analytical chemists to the proposed changes in our discipline are discussed.

  11. Quo Vadis the fumigants?

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Fumigation is the most widely used procedure to control stored product pests to prevent economic and quality losses by providing various application methods and penetration capability into the treated commodity. However, most of the available fumigants have limitations in use due to various reasons. Methyl bromide (MB), according to Montreal Protocol, is scheduled to be phased out worldwide by 2015. Sulphuryl fluoride (SF) is known to have limited efficiency on egg stages of insects. Reported...

  12. Astronomy Librarian - Quo Vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of some of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of Open Access, to name but a few topics.

  13. Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?

    CERN Document Server

    Lagerstrom, Jill

    2011-01-01

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of open access, to name but a few topics.

  14. CSR communication: quo vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Golob, U.; Podnar, K.; Elving, W.J.; Ellerup Nielsen, A.; Thomsen, C.; Schultz, F.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - This paper aims to introduce the special issue on CSR communication attached to the First International CSR Communication Conference held in Amsterdam in October 2011. The aim of the introduction is also to review CSR communication papers published in scholarly journals in order to make a

  15. CSR communication: quo vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Golob, U.; Podnar, K.; Elving, W.J.; Ellerup Nielsen, A.; Thomsen, C.; Schultz, F.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - This paper aims to introduce the special issue on CSR communication attached to the First International CSR Communication Conference held in Amsterdam in October 2011. The aim of the introduction is also to review CSR communication papers published in scholarly journals in order to make a

  16. Quid Pro Quo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesley, Gary M.

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses how a university-school district partnership improves the quality of teacher candidates and the knowledge and skills of high school graduates. Several years ago, the author was having lunch with Lynne Clark, the dean of professional studies at Western Connecticut State University, when Clark complained that too many recent…

  17. [Acupuncture: quo vadis?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bäcker, M; Tao, I; Dobos, G J

    2006-03-10

    On the current discussion about efficacy and "point-specificity" of the needle therapy To improve the evidence base for acupuncture in pain treatment the German health insurance initiated the so called "Acupuncture randomised trials (ART)" and "German Acupuncture Trials" (GERAC) with a sample size of 300 (ART) and 1000 (GERAC) patients, providing a new dimension in acupuncture research. These studies have yielded data, which indicate that acupuncture is effective in the treatment of migraine, tension type headache, osteoarthritis of the knee and chronic low back pain. For the two latter indications acupuncture showed an even higher therapeutic response rate than conventional standard treatment. In migraine acupuncture showed an effect comparable to pharmacological treatment. The studies moreover indicate that the relevance of point-specific effects may have been overestimated concerning some indications. This article discusses the results of ART and GERAC, based on differentiating the mechanisms of action in acupuncture therapy. It is shown that the current data neither support the postulate of a "no-matter-where acupuncture" nor the irrefutability of the theorems of Chinese Medicine. Future studies will have to determine more precisely the mechanism by which the therapeutic effect of acupuncture is mediated. Furthermore, it will be necessary to find out more clearly in what diseases the location of needling represents the crucial part of the treatment and in what diseases rather different factors, like the intensity of stimulation or the doctor-patient interaction, are more relevant for the therapeutic effect. Research into acupuncture is still at the beginning. For this reason it should be avoided to draw premature and untenable conclusions from the current data.

  18. Quo vadis, Intelligent Machine?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemarie Velik

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Artificial Intelligence (AI is a branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans. At least this was the original idea. However, it turned out that this is no task easy to be solved. This article aims to give a comprehensible review on the last 60 years of artificial intelligence taking a philosophical viewpoint. It is outlined what happened so far in AI, what is currently going on in this research area, and what can be expected in future. The goal is to mediate an understanding for the developments and changes in thinking in course of time about how to achieve machine intelligence. The clear message is that AI has to join forces with neuroscience and other brain disciplines in order to make a step towards the development of truly intelligent machines.

  19. Quo vadis EPL?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dose, Volker; Huber, Martin

    2009-01-01

    With effect of January 1st, 2007 "Europhysics Letters" was renamed, the new branding being "EPL". Along with this formal change went a new vision and definition for the aims of EPL over a time horizon of five years. These goals are i) to increase the number of submissions from 1387 articles in 2006 to over 3000 articles, ii) to decrease the acceptance rate for manuscripts from 46% in 2006 to about 33% and, allowing for a two-year delay, iii) to raise the impact factor from 2.2 in 2006 to 3.5 by increasing visibility and prestige. These aims are ambitious. Accordingly, a strategy promising success was required. As a first measure, the spectrum of Europhysics Letters in terms of the categories defined by the "Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme" (PACS) was compared to other international broad-band letters journals. This showed that EPL has an appropriate fraction of publications in "Condensed Matter" sciences (PACS 60 and 70) and in "Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics" (PACS 40). EPL is strong in "General Physics" (PACS 00) and in "Interdisciplinary Research" (PACS 80). Rather than aiming at a reduction of the latter two topics it was decided to consider these strengths as an EPL fingerprint. The other five PACS categories, however, showed deficiencies, which we have decided to strengthen by appropriate promotion of the journal in the respective science communities. Our first promotion campaign focused on "Plasma Physics" (PACS 50). Advertising EPL in the plasma-physics community consisted of "An invitation to submit your work" disseminated by the Plasma Physics Division of EPS, the placement of EPL flyers in the delegate bags of the EPS Conference on Plasma Physics in Crete in 2008, additional visibility from prominent displays of EPL PowerPoint slides during the event, further promotion from the EPL Executive Editor present on the exhibit stand, and, last but not least, by the appointment of additional Co-Editors. The results of these efforts are an increase in published papers in plasma physics from 13 (26) in 2006 to 32 (60) in 2008. The numbers in parentheses refer to the number of submissions and the figures for 2008 are extrapolations from the status of November 15th. The 2008 figures thus show that EPL's deficiency in plasma physics is gradually being eliminated, although further growth in this rapidly developing area is desirable! A second positive development concerns "Geophysics" (PACS 90). With the appointment of Rudolf Treumann as the only responsible Co-Editor for this PACS category, we tried another concept of promotion. A letter from the Editor-in-Chief announcing this appointment was posted to the peer group of Treumann. Near the end of 2008 the article balance is the following: 7 (24) in 2006 and 16 (48) in 2008. Again, this is very satisfactory and, in fact, corresponds to the targeted increase. A deficiency still remains in "Particles and Fields" (PACS 10), "Nuclear Physics" (PACS 20), and "Atomic and Molecular Physics" (PACS 30). Analysis of the publication situation within high-energy particle (HEP) physics revealed immediately, that soliciting papers from this community had little chance of success, unless accompanied by an offer for open-access publishing. Faced with the alternative of either abandoning publications in high-energy particle physics or to move towards an open-access scheme, the EPL Association Board of Directors made a first positive decision for an open-access opportunity in May 2007. The matter was further clarified in November 2007: EPL now offers open-access publication for all PACS categories on the basis of an "author pays" model with effect from February 2008. In the meantime, the market in high-energy particle physics had moved ahead, and this has made it necessary to take a further step. With effect of November 1st, 2008, EPL now offers open-access publication free of charge for experimental as well as theoretical letters to the high-energy particle physics communities. This offer will remain available until SCOAP3 (the Sponsoring Consortium on Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics) becomes operational, and covers the publication costs. We now believe to be well positioned in the market, and hope that this will be reflected in an increase in the number of submissions in PACS 10 and 20. Promotion of this new opportunity has been announced on CERN and other HEP facility sites and circulated to all participants at the recent "Physics at the LHC" conference in Croatia, at which EPL material and the Executive Editor were present. Advertising EPL within the atomic and molecular physics community also began in 2008 with EPL flyers being placed in delegate bags to both the ESCAMPIG and EGAS conferences, in addition to EPL presentations and exhibits of promotional material at the Users' meetings of several European synchrotrons. EPL sponsorship has also been given to the UK Synchrotron Users' event for the past two years. Overall the number of publications in EPL has increased from 638 (1387) in 2006 to 810 (1860) in 2008 with an acceptance rate of 44%, decreasing from earlier values. The increase of submissions and publications indicates initial success of our promotional efforts. The acceptance rate, on the other hand, is still far from the targeted value of 33% and certainly needs closer attention. A rather unique feature of EPL is that the Co-Editors are well-known active scientists. They are autonomous in the accept/reject decision for each manuscript and can ask for the number of referee reports they deem necessary. This also includes publication without review by an external referee; in this case the paper is published with the addition "accepted by - name of co-editor". This does in fact happen, though rarely for the time being. In view of the central role of the Co-Editors in the publication process, the Editor-in-Chief takes great care in selecting persons for replacement or expansion of the Editorial Board. Due to the continued growth of the journal, expansion of the Board is an urgent necessity. The most important criterion for membership in the Editorial Board is scientific excellence. Geographical coverage is used sometimes as a secondary criterion that has led to an appropriate fraction of appointments of Co-Editors working in the United States and in Canada. This is a further improvement over the previous composition and more closely reflects the geographical distribution of manuscript submissions. EPL also has an Advisory Board. Over the course of the past eighteen months the role and responsibilities of members of this Board have been redefined. Their duties now include: deputising for the Editor-in-Chief in cases of absence or conflict of interest, acting as adjudicator in appeal cases, selecting EPL papers for highlighting in EPN, checking comments and replies on their validity, and assisting the Editor-in-Chief with the selection of new Co-Editors. These tasks now ensure a very active role of the Advisory Board in the daily life of EPL. Moreover, the members of the Editorial and Advisory Boards have contributed to the promotion of EPL by publishing more of their own work in the journal, thus underlining the fact that EPL promotion is a multifacetted effort. Seeing some response to these measures suggests that we are on the right track. This is also met with great satisfaction by the EPL management team, which wholeheartedly collaborates in the effort to further raise the standing of EPL in the eyes of the general physics community.

  20. Quo Vadis, Physica?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutzwiller, M.

    2008-11-01

    The history of physics is short, compared with mathematics and astronomy, starting in about 1800. After the first century of electrodynamics and thermodynamics, come 60 years of quantum, relativity, and nuclei. In the last 50 years, physicists have profited from an incredible boom in their research. That is threatened now, because the applications of physics have become very complicated engineering. At the other end of the spectrum, a lot of esoteric physics is going nowhere. It is not the job of the universities to produce specialists. Young people have to learn and get a chance to use their intelligence and imagination. Professors have to show them the way, and industry has to have confidence in them.

  1. STATUS QUO OF ONLINE HOSPITAL AND ITS PROSPECT%网上医院现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于京杰; 马锡坤; 纪宁; 宋文广; 冯仰鑫

    2013-01-01

    .In this paper we provide an overview on the online hospital in regard to its development at home and abroad , the research status quo and system structure, as well as the technical and legal problems encountering .Moreover, we put forward some opinions and suggestions on it as well .

  2. 我国体育彩票发展现状及对策%Status Quo of the Sports Lottery in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾雯彬; 孙杨; 孙东辉

    2012-01-01

    主要采用文献资料法、逻辑分析法、专家访谈法,从管理体制、玩法现状、销售渠道等方面阐述了我国体育彩票发展的现状,分析当前存在的主要问题,提出我国体育彩票的发展对策,并对未来的发展趋势进行展望。%By the ways of literature study,logic analysis and expert interview,the paper discusses the status quo of the sports development in China from the aspects of management system,play status and sales channel.It analyzes the major existing problems,suggests the ways for the development of the sports lottery in China and predicts the future development trend.

  3. The Status Quo and Countermeasures of Community Martial Arts Development%社区武术发展现状及对策探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世景; 朱波涌

    2013-01-01

    Firstly, the paper defines the community and community Martial Arts, then expounds the significance of development on martial arts in communities. The Status Quo and existing problems of Development on Martial Arts in Communities is analyzed and countermeasures for the existing problem are proposed, to provide reference for the better development on community Martial Arts.%首先对社区和社区武术进行界定,阐述社区武术发展的意义,分析社区武术的发展现状和存在问题,并针对存在问题提出合理化建议,为社区武术更好发展提供借鉴。

  4. 商丘市跆拳道教练员现状调查分析%Analysis of Status Quo of Taekwondo Coaches in Shangqiu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶亚丽

    2016-01-01

    The status quo of the coaches of Shangqiu Taekwondo Halls is analyzed in various aspects, and the shortcomings of the coaches in the development of Shangqiu city are obtained, and some suggestions are put forward, in order to promote the development of the sports of Shangqiu, improve the enthusiasm of all the people, and enhance the purpose of all the people’s health.%对商丘市跆拳道馆教练员现状进行各方面的调查分析,得出教练员在商丘市跆拳道发展中存在的不足,针对不足提出一些意见和建议。以达到促进商丘市跆拳道运动的发展,提高全民的运动热情,增强全民体质的目的。

  5. Status quo of and methods for pre-school sex education%学龄前儿童性教育现状及方法探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯明

    2012-01-01

    通过对学龄前儿童性教育现状的分析,认为学龄前儿童性教育未能得到应有的重视,现状不容乐观,并就产生原因、学龄前儿童性教育的原则与方法等问题进行了探讨,以期对幼儿家长及幼儿教师有所帮助。%On the basis of analyzing the status quo of pre-school sex education,this paper points out that sex education of pre-school children is not attached proper importance to.It discusses the causes of,and the principles and methods for pre-school sex education in the hope of giving help to parents and teachers.

  6. Research on status quo of community rehabilitation of persons with disabilities%残疾人社区康复现状研究1)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丹丽; 罗英妹; 韩冬; 雷楠; 彭歆

    2014-01-01

    It compared the status quo of development of the disabled commu-nity rehabilitation in abroad.It expounded the development mode,resource al-location,social awareness and case study of community rehabilitation in Chi-na.The experiences were summarized,so as to meet the needs of community rehabilitation of people with disabilities and then to promote the development of community rehabilitation in China.%比较国外残疾人社区康复发展现状,对我国社区康复的发展模式、资源配置、社会认知度、研究情况进行阐述,总结经验,以期满足残疾人社区康复的需求,从而促进我国社区康复事业的发展。

  7. Atividade eletromiográfica do vasto medial oblíquo em portadoras da síndrome da dor patelofemoral

    OpenAIRE

    Bessa,Sâmia Najara Freitas; Santos,Elielton Pedroza dos; Silveira,Renata Augusta Gomes; Maia,Paulo Henrique Barros; Brasileiro,Jamilson Simões

    2008-01-01

    A síndrome da dor patelofemoral (SDPF) é uma das afecções que mais acometem a articulação do joelho. Embora sua etiologia não seja completamente conhecida, uma disfunção do músculo vasto medial oblíquo (VMO) tem sido apontada como possível fator desencadeante. Este estudo visou avaliar, por meio de eletromiografia, se algum exercício, dentre dez exercícios resistidos usuais, produz ativação seletiva do VMO, com vistas a sua utilização clínica. Vinte voluntárias do sexo feminino, sendo dez com...

  8. 国内外造口专科护理发展现状%Development status quo of ostomy specific nursing at home and in abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨爱花; 严梅; 秦亚辉

    2016-01-01

    It analyzed the development status quo of specialist care of permanent colostomy patients and ostomy specialist nurses training at home and in aboard.It learned from the characteristics and features of its develop-ment at abroad and probed into the problems existing in ostomy care in China at the present stage,so as to pro-mote the sustainable development of ostomy specialist care in China.%就国内外永久性结肠造口病人专科护理、造口专科护士的培养现状进行分析,借鉴国外发展的特点与特色,探讨我国现阶段造口护理存在的问题,以促使我国造口专科护理事业的持续发展。

  9. Research status quo of sleep disorders in patients with maintenance hemodialysis%维持性血液透析病人睡眠障碍研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳; 黄金

    2011-01-01

    从维持性血液透析睡眠障碍发生状况、影响因素、睡眠障碍对病人及照顾者的不良影响、改善睡眠状况的方法等方面对维持性血液透析病人睡眠障碍研究现状进行了综述.%It reviewed the research status quo of sleep disorders in patients with maintenance hemodialysis from aspects of occurrence of maintenance hemodialysis,influencing factors of sleep disorders,adverse effects of sleep disorders,methods of improving the sleep status of hemodialysis patients.

  10. Analysis on status quo of fal ls of the elderly in pension institutions%养老机构老人跌倒现状分析1)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁亚媛; 何贵蓉; 陈洋; 汪楠; 尹延钰; 奚蒙蒙

    2014-01-01

    Obj ective:To know about status quo of falls of the elderly in pen-sion institutions and analyze the related factors of falls.Methods:A total of 74 elderly people in three pension institutions in Nanjing city who were will-ing to cooperate with were investigated on status quo of falls of the elderly in pension institutions.Results:The incidence of falls in older people in pension institutions was 39.2%,and the influencing factors included sleep, chronic disease history and medication history.Conclusion:The incidence of falls in older people is higher in pension institutions,and effective preventive interventions need to be adopted to reduce the occurrence of falls in older people.%[目的]了解养老机构老人跌倒现状,分析跌倒相关因素。[方法]选取南京市3所养老机构内愿意合作的74名老人进行养老机构老人跌倒现状的问卷调查。[结果]养老机构老年人跌倒发生率为39.2%,影响因素包括睡眠状况、慢性病史和服药史。[结论]养老机构老年人跌倒发生率较高,需要采用有效的预防干预措施来减少老年人跌倒的发生。

  11. When Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Meets Organizational Psychology: New Frontiers in Micro-CSR Research, and Fulfilling a Quid Pro Quo through Multilevel Insights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, David A; Willness, Chelsea R; Glavas, Ante

    2017-01-01

    Researchers, corporate leaders, and other stakeholders have shown increasing interest in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)-a company's discretionary actions and policies that appear to advance societal well-being beyond its immediate financial interests and legal requirements. Spanning decades of research activity, the scholarly literature on CSR has been dominated by meso- and macro-level perspectives, such as studies within corporate strategy that examine relationships between firm-level indicators of social/environmental performance and corporate financial performance. In recent years, however, there has been an explosion of micro-oriented CSR research conducted at the individual level of analysis, especially with respect to studies on how and why job seekers and employees perceive and react to CSR practices. This micro-level focus is reflected in 12 articles published as a Research Topic collection in Frontiers in Psychology (Organizational Psychology Specialty Section) titled "CSR and organizational psychology: Quid pro quo." In the present article, the authors summarize and integrate findings from these Research Topic articles. After describing some of the "new frontiers" these articles explore and create, the authors strive to fulfill a "quid pro quo" with some of the meso- and macro-oriented CSR literatures that paved the way for micro-CSR research. Specifically, the authors draw on insights from the Research Topic articles to inform a multilevel model that offers multiple illustrations of how micro-level processes among individual stakeholders can explain variability in meso (firm)-level relationships between CSR practices and corporate performance. The authors also explore an important implication of these multilevel processes for macro-level societal impact.

  12. Status quo of initial nursing service at emergency rescue%突发事件救援初期护理工作现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳菊; 李雅平

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status quo of primary nursing at emergency rescue. Methods The literature review over domestic and international initial emergency rescue was done to analyze the status quo of initial nursing, find out the issues at initial rescue and come up with coping strategy. Results The nurses in the initial emergency rescue was in short, the rescue required better capability. The rescue in the emergency spot tended to be concentrative. Chinese rescue professionals were in short and they needed unified management and a standardized training. Conclusions The strategy to rational distribution of medical rescuer, standardize ihe rescue system and promote the process of global medical rescue integration, is significant for improving the rescue ability of nursing staff.%目的 了解突发事件救援初期护理工作的现状.方法 查阅文献对国内外突发事件救援初期护理工作现状进行分析和总结,以了解中国救援工作存在问题并提出展望.结果 现场救援护理操作呈应急操作的集中趋势,突发事件救援初期中国护理人员配备不足,中国救援专业队伍较少,缺乏统一管理和规范化培训.结论 合理配置医学救援人员,使救援体系更加制度化、程序化、规范化,加快与全球医学救援”一体化”的进程,对提高中国护理人员救援能力具有积极意义.

  13. 基层门诊部医疗设备使用管理的现状及改进措施%Status quo of use and management of medical devices in low-class clinics and its countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓武

    2009-01-01

    In this paper,the author analyzed the status quo of use and management of medical devices in low-class clinics and put forward some countermeasures.%分析门诊部医疗设备的使用现状及管理存在的问题,结合实际情况和发展要求,提出改进措施,提高医院医疗设备的管理工作.

  14. Development of databases for three-dimensional status-quo scenes in massive cities%特大型城市三维现状场景数据库构建及三维审批应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张唯; 郭容寰; 冯琰; 顾星晔

    2015-01-01

    Increased management of large urban centers has created a higher demand for city planning. Using Shanghai as an example, this paper studies database construction for three-dimensional (3D) status quo scenes in massive cities. The contents and production methods for 3D status quo scenes are described, and 3D scene classiifcation standards are systematicaly proposed. In order to manage and apply 3D scene data, database technology was used to incorporate 3D status quo scenes into a basic geographic database. Taking Shanghai 3D planning approval requirements into account, the application can produce design conditions, program advice and trials, and 3D acceptance surveys. Further, the 3D acceptance survey method can update the 3D status quo scene dynamicaly. Research in this paper has been used in a Shanghai 3D planning trial that began on March 1, 2013, and thus can provide useful insight into building 3D status quo scenes in other large cities.%城市精细化管理对城市规划审批工作提出了更高要求,本文以上海为例研究特大型城市三维现状场景数据库构建方法和要素内容,根据特大型城市区域发展不均衡和管理需求多样化特点,提出三维现状场景精细分级标准,并将三维现状场景数据纳入基础地理数据库,实现对三维场景的生产、更新和应用的高效管理。结合上海三维审批管理应用需求,从设计条件、方案咨询、方案审理和三维竣工等四个环节明确了三维现状场景的具体应用方法,其中三维竣工成果实现了城市三维现状场景的动态更新。研究成果可为大型城市三维现状场景构建和三维审批工作的开展,以及其他相关领域的应用提供有益借鉴。

  15. Características anatômicas e morfométricas do ligamento oblíquo do cotovelo de eqüinos Anatomical and morphometrical characteristics of the oblique ligament of the equine elbow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cristina Hernández-Tovar

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, algumas características anatômicas e morfométricas do ligamento oblíquo do cotovelo do eqüino foram descritas em dez animais adultos, sem raça definida, que não apresentavam afecções dos órgãos locomotores. O ligamento oblíquo origina-se dorsal à fossa radial do úmero, atravessa obliquamente a superfície cranial do cotovelo e se divide em uma porção longa, que se insere na tuberosidade radial, e em outra curta, que se une à porção longa do ligamento colateral medial. Foram efetuadas medidas visando a obter o comprimento e a largura máximas entre a origem e a inserção do ligamento oblíquo, não sendo observadas diferenças (P>0,05 nas comparações feitas entre os sexos e os antímeros. O ligamento oblíquo contribui no efeito mola e na manutenção da estabilidade da articulação do cotovelo do eqüino. Pela particularidade de sua localização, cranial à articulação, o ligamento oblíquo possui ação frenadora, impedindo a extensão completa da referida articulação.Some anatomical and morphometrical characteristics of the equine elbow oblique ligament were described in ten adult mongrel animals that did not present locomotor diseases. The oblique ligament arises dorsal to the radial fossa of the humerus, it crosses obliquely the elbow cranial surface and it becames separated in a long portion that attaches to the radial tuberosity and a short portion that joins to the long portion of medial collateral ligament. Measurements of the lenght and width were taken between origin and insertion of the oblique ligament, without differences (P>0.05 being observed when sexes and limbs were compared. The oblique ligament acts in the spring effect and in the stability maintenance of the equine elbow joint. By the particularity of its location cranial to the joint, the oblique ligament has a restrain action, hinding complete extension of the equine elbow.

  16. Estudo comparativo do viés do Status Quo e perfil de risco em tomadas de decisões por estudantes de cursos de pós-graduação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valter Saurin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available No contexto da gestão financeira de uma organização, existem padrões comportamentais que podem enviesar o processo de tomada de decisões, fazendo com que o gestor financeiro não consiga atingir seu objetivo de maximização de valor em atividades ligadas às decisões financeiras, principalmente àquelas relacionadas a investimentos. Um destes vieses é denominado de status quo. De acordo com Samuelson e Zeckhauser (1988, este viés indica que os indivíduos tendem a manter o estado atual de seu portfólio e têm dificuldades em mudar de posição patrimonial. Esta pesquisa procura verificar se existe relação entre o viés do status quo, o perfil de risco e habilidade quantitativa, em estudantes de pós-graduação em economia, contabilidade e gestão. Para esta finalidade, realizou-se uma pesquisa com 330 estudantes de pós-graduação da Universidade do Porto (Portugal e da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Brasil. Para o cálculo e apresentação dos indicadores que apontam para a presença do status quo a metodologia utilizada foi baseada em Samuelson e Zeckhauser (1988. Além disso, foram realizadas análises de regressão para buscar uma relação entre o perfil de risco dos participantes e o status quo, incluindo variáveis de controle. Os resultados mostraram que os respondentes propensos ao risco parecem não terem sido afetados pelo viés do status quo em suas decisões, diferentemente dos demais. Quanto aos participantes que estudaram finanças comportamentais previamente nos cursos de licenciatura e/ou graduação (uma proxy para o conhecimento prévio do viés estudado, verificou-se, em média, um aumento de respostas nas opções alternativas ao status quo. No entanto, a presença do viés ainda foi predominante no total de respostas obtidas. Isto mostra que os respondentes que haviam estudado finanças comportamentais optaram mais por opções alternativas do que os outros, porém, mesmo estes indiv

  17. Study on Kindergarten Safety Education Status quo and Solutions%幼儿园安全教育现状及对策探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白海燕

    2012-01-01

    Kindergarten to do security work well,not only to improve the management measures and related hardware facilities,should also strengthen safety education,safety education work effectively enable children to self-protection ability and safety awareness is enhanced.This paper analyzes the nursery safety education status and countermeasures improved of kindergarten security education status quo,including the form of safety education activities to diversify,consolidation and development of young children to protect their own ability.%幼儿园要做好安全工作,则不仅要完善管理措施以及相关硬件设施,还应强化安全教育,安全教育工作的有效进行能够使幼儿自我防范能力与安全意识得到增强。本文分析了幼儿园安全教育现状以及改进幼儿园安全教育现状的对策,包括使安全教育活动的形式变得多样化,对幼儿保护自身的能力进行巩固以及发展等。

  18. Assets Management Status Quo and Relevant Problems of Rural Grid%农电资产管理现状及问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江玲

    2012-01-01

    资本集中运作是国家电网公司财务集约化的重要内容。以湖南为例分析了农电资产管理的现状及存在的问题,如管理体系有待健全、资产信息更新不及时、资产经费收支不配比等,并针对性地提出优化资产结构、提高资本运营效率、促进财务集约化发展等建议,以利于维护农网建设的成果。%Concentrated capital operation is an important part of intensive finance of the State Grid Corporation of China. Taking Hunan Province as an example, this paper analyzes the assets management status quo and existing problems, such as the management system that is imperfect, the assets information that is not updated in time and the assets expenditure that are not balanced, and proposes some suggestions in optimizing the assets strucan'e, improving the capital operation efficiency and promoting intensive finances.

  19. 中国茶叶出口贸易现状及对策研究%Status quo and Countermeasures of Tea Export Trade of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂燕玲

    2015-01-01

    分析了中国茶叶出口的总体状况,包括出口规模、出口地区和国家、产品结构等,探讨了影响茶叶出口的综合原因,深入分析了未来我国茶叶国际贸易发展趋势。针对世界政治与经济形势发生深刻转变的形势,以及“一带一路”国家战略的实施,提出了中国茶叶国际贸易新的思路与对策。%The research analyzed status quo of Chinese tea export, including export scale, exporting countries and regions, product structure, explored factors affecting tea export, and detailed international trade development of Chinese teas. On basis of global politics and economic situations, the research proposed new thoughts and countermeasures of global trades of Chinese teas with application of the Belt and Road lnitiative strategy.

  20. Research on Status Quo of Middle school P.E.Teachers'Job Burnout%中学体育教师职业倦怠现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴伟

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes status quo of middle school P.E.teachers’job burnout with methods of literature and interview.It mainly concludes that the phenomenon of P.E.teachers’job burnout is mainly caused by aspects of society,school,profession and individual reasons.The paper suggests reducing middle school P.E. teachers’job burnout by adopting following measures:improving social awareness;improving teachers'treatment;changing management mode;creating a harmonious environment;perfecting assessment mechanism;providing training opportunities;setting up correct targets and enhancing comprehensive quality.%采用文献资料法、访谈法等对中学体育教师职业倦怠现状进行分析。主要结论:体育教师职业倦怠现象的产生来自于社会、学校、职业和个人等方面。建议:可以通过提高社会认识,改善教师待遇、转变管理模式,创造和谐环境、完善评价机制,提供培训机会、树立正确目标,提高综合素质等方法减少中学体育教师倦怠情绪的产生。

  1. 中学体育教师职业倦怠现状研究%Research on Status Quo of Middle School P.E.Teachers'Job Burnout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴伟

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes status quo of middle school P.E.teachers’job burnout with methods of literature and interview.It mainly concludes that the phenomenon of P.E.teachers’job burnout is mainly caused by aspects of society,school,profession and individual reasons.The paper suggests reducing middle school P.E. teachers’job burnout by adopting following measures:improving social awareness;improving teachers'treatment;changing management mode;creating a harmonious environment;perfecting assessment mechanism;providing training opportunities;setting up correct targets and enhancing comprehensive quality.%采用文献资料法、访谈法等对中学体育教师职业倦怠现状进行分析。主要结论:体育教师职业倦怠现象的产生来自于社会、学校、职业和个人等方面。建议:可以通过提高社会认识,改善教师待遇、转变管理模式,创造和谐环境、完善评价机制,提供培训机会、树立正确目标,提高综合素质等方法减少中学体育教师倦怠情绪的产生。

  2. El acuerdo de comercio preferencial entre la Unión Europea, Colombia y Perú. Contenido y cambios al Status quo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Wolfram

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El acuerdo de comercio preferencial negociado y suscrito entre la Unión Europea, Colombia y Perú en mayo de 2010 aspira a profundizar y vivificar las relaciones comerciales entre las partes sin causar conflictos con convenciones internacionales multilaterales como el GATT, el GATS, el ADPIC, y la Convención sobre la Biodiversidad. . Un análisis de los cambios jurídicos impulsados por el acuerdo muestra pocas modificaciones o cambios sustanciales del status quo. Para los comerciantes andinos, el Acuerdo brinda pocas oportunidades comerciales nuevas, sino que pone las preferencias comerciales existentes sobre una base más estable. En cuanto al acceso de productos europeos a los mercados de Colombia y Perú, los aranceles se reducirán de forma bastante gradual, protegiendo a varios sectores considerados “sensibles”. Aunque el Acuerdo mejore las condiciones para el intercambio de servicios y la participación en licitaciones públicas, puede ser difícil superar preferencias tradicionales a favor de prestadores domésticos. El Acuerdo contempla una intensiva cooperación administrativa con el fin de reducir barreras al comercio e instigar a los operadores económicos a aprovechar las opciones comerciales que se les ofrecen. El potencial de aprendizaje que ello implica quizá la ventaja más relevante del Acuerdo.

  3. Status Quo of Sailing Sport Tourism in Qingdao%青岛市帆船体育旅游的现状及改进措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽丽

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of stating the general conditions of market supply,tourist market and marketing communication of the sailing sport tourism in Qingdao,the paper discusses the status quo of the three major sailing sport tours in Qingdao,i.e.,the active sailing tour,the sailing event tour and the nostalgic tour.It analyzes the existing problems of Qingdao sailing sport tourism at the present stage and puts forward some suggestions for improvement.%在阐述了青岛帆船体育旅游市场供给、客源市场、市场传播的总体状况的基础上,探讨了青岛市主动帆船旅游、帆船赛事旅游、怀旧帆船旅游3种主要类别帆船体育旅游的现状,同时针对现阶段青岛市帆船体育旅游业存在的问题进行分析,并提出了相应的改进措施。

  4. 有机农业发展现状与对策%On the Status Quo and Countermeasures of Organic A-griculture Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌婧

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, food safety problems occur frequently, so traditional agriculture can hardly meet people's consumption demand of food. Therefore, organic agriculture and green agricul-ture prospers with the continuous improvement of planting tech-niques. But due to various reasons, there are many problems in the current organic agriculture development. Based on an analy-sis of the status quo and problems of organic agriculture, this pa-per explores the countermeasures of organic agriculture develop-ment.%近年来,食品安全问题层出不穷,传统农业越来越难以满足人们对食品的消费需求;随着种植技术的不断提高,有机农业、绿色农业蓬勃发展。但由于种种原因,现阶段绿色有机农业发展存在诸多问题。本文在分析绿色有机农业现状、分析其存在问题的基础上,探究绿色有机农业发展的对策。

  5. 中国城市养老护理模式现状%The status quo of old-age care mode in cities of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爽; 张先庚; 王红艳; 彭德忠(综述)

    2016-01-01

    This paper summarized the status quo of old-age care mode in cities of China, which includes home-based old-age care, medical integration old-age care, combined traditional Chinese and western medicine endow-ment and institution endowment. The advantages and disadvantages of these modes were summed up and the importance of the development of old-age care mode was highlighted, in order to provide references for the development of the old-age care in China.%对中国城市养老护理模式,即居家养老、医养融合养老、中西医结合养老和机构养老护理模式的发展现状进行了综述,总结了各自的优势与不足,突出了养老护理模式发展的重要性,旨在为中国的养老事业发展提供借鉴与参考。

  6. 闽产蔓荆子研究现状与展望%Status Quo and Prospects of Studies on Fructus Viticis in Fujian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小芬; 杨成梓; 黄泽豪

    2011-01-01

    目的:分析福建产蔓荆子的研究现状.方法:对现有福建产蔓荆子的质量研究、生态效应、规范化种植等综合分析.结果和结论:蔓荆子是福建省的地产药材与主药材之一,应对不同部位入药进行研究,综合利用资源.%Objective: To analyze the researching of Fructus Viticis which grows on the loastal sandy lands in Fujian. Fructus Viticis is the dried fruits of Vitex trdolia L. var. simplifolia Cham. grows on the coastal sandy lands in Fujian. Methods: In this paper, a summary was made of the status quo of studies on quality standard of fructus viticis from Fujian, studies on the ecological effect of Vitex trifolia var. simplffolia on coastal sandy land in Fujian, and the GAP plantting of the Vitex trifolia var. Results and conclusion: Simplifolia in Fujian. An analysis was also made of some current issues in studies and of the prospective development of Fructus Viticis in Fujian in this aspect.

  7. 烧伤的分子机制研究现状与进展%The Status Quo and Progress of Study on Burn Molecular Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾鸿孟; 王宇; 唐乾利

    2016-01-01

    By reviewing the relevant literature and clinical experience, this paper summarizes the status quo and progress of study on the molecular mechanism of burns from the perspectives of high metabolic reaction, shock, inflamma-tion, organ injury and wound healing, etc. , which can provide new targets and insights for the development of new drugs and theoretical guidance and study directions for the clinical treatment and future research of burns.%笔者通过总结临床经验及查阅相关文献,从高代谢反应、休克、炎症反应、器官损伤和创面愈合等方面概述了烧伤分子机制的研究现状与进展,为新药的研制提供了新的靶点与思路,为烧伤的临床治疗和后续研究提供了理论指导和研究方向。

  8. 入侵检测系统研究现状及发展趋势%The Status Quo and Trend of Intrusion Detection System Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡华平; 陈海涛; 黄辰林; 唐勇

    2001-01-01

    入侵检测系统(IDS)可以对系统或 网络资源进行实时检测,及时发现闯入系统或网络的入侵者,也可预防合法用户对资源的误 操作;它是PDR(Protection Detection Response)安全模型的一个重要组成 部分。本文主要从攻击检测方法、国内外研究状况等方面总结了入侵检测技术的研究现状, 并结合自己的研究成果,提出了发展趋势及主要研究方向。%An intrusion detection system (IDS) can detect system or network sources in a real-time way,find the intruder in time,and prevent legal users' misoperation.It is the main part of the Pro tec tion Detection Response(PDR) security model.In this paper,the status quo of the intrusion detection technology is summarized first.Then,based on our research,its development trend and directions are put foward.

  9. Comments on"applied linguistics--the category and the status quo"%《应用语言学--范畴与现状》述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程实

    2013-01-01

    With the development of information technology, social progress, application of some sub-disciplines of linguistics has received more and more attention. It is necessary to carry out systematic comb of the past achievements."Applied linguistics--the category and the status quo"is to take applied linguistics history as the longitudinal axis, the present status of branches as the abscissa axis to comb the reference book of applied linguistics and development of branches. Has strong scientific and practical application etc..%随着信息技术的发展,社会的进步,对语言学的一些分支学科的应用越来越受到学者的重视。因此有必要对以往的研究成果进行系统的梳理。《应用语言学--范畴与现状》就是以应用语言学历史发展为纵轴,以学科分支现状为横轴来梳理应用语言学及分支学科发展的一本类工具书。具有较强的科学性和应用实践性等特点。

  10. Research status quo of relationship between psychological capital and interpersonal factors%心理资本与人际因素关系的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付佳丽; 娄凤兰

    2015-01-01

    The psychological capital is the important content of positive psychology.It summarized the presen-ting,concept,structure,antecedent variables and outcome variables of psychological capital.And it introduced the research status quo of the relationship between psychological capital and interpersonal factors on that basis. These interpersonal factors included the attachment,family function,relationship between teachers and students.Its relationship with the psychological capital was showed mainly through the fractal dimension of psychological capital.%心理资本是积极心理学的重要内容,对心理资本的提出、概念、结构、前因变量、结果变量进行综述,并在此基础上,介绍了心理资本与人际因素关系的研究现状,这些人际因素包括依恋、家庭功能、师生关系,其与心理资本的关系则主要是通过心理资本的分维度显示。

  11. 食用菌加工产业研究现状与前景%Status Quo and Prospects of Edible Fungi Processing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈杰; 徐冲

    2013-01-01

    Edible fungi processing is a production of edible fungal products using physical,chemical,and biological methods to manage the sporocarp or mycelia of the edible fungi.The process could solve time problems of edible fungi from the production to the sale of the commodity to raise their commodity value.Drying process,salt-soaking process,and canning process technology of the edible fungi were introduced in this paper,summarizing the current development status quo and research progress of the deep processing industry of the edible fungi,and forecast prospect of edible fungi processing.%食用菌加工是利用物理、化学和生物方法处理食用菌子实体或菌丝体,生产食用菌制品.它可以解决食用菌从生产到商品出售所存在的时间矛盾,提高食用菌的商品价值.详细介绍了食用菌的干制加工、盐渍加工及罐藏加工技术,概括了食用菌深加工产业的发展现状及研究进展,提出了对食用菌加工的展望.

  12. On Track to Become a Low Carbon Future City? First Findings of the Integrated Status Quo and Trends Assessment of the Pilot City of Wuxi in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Vallentin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The Low Carbon Future Cities (LCFC project aims at facing a three dimensional challenge by developing an integrated city roadmap balancing: low carbon development, gains in resource efficiency and adaptation to climate change. The paper gives an overview of the first outcomes of the analysis of the status quo and assessment of the most likely developments regarding GHG emissions, climate impacts and resource use in Wuxi—the Chinese pilot city for the LCFC project. As a first step, a detailed emission inventory following the IPCC guidelines for Wuxi has been carried out. In a second step, the future development of energy demand and related CO2 emissions in 2050 were simulated in a current policy scenario (CPS. In parallel, selected aspects of material and water flows for the energy and the building sector were analyzed and modeled. In addition, recent and future climate impacts and vulnerability were investigated. Based on these findings, nine key sectors with high relevance to the three dimensions could be identified. Although Wuxi’s government has started a path to implement a low carbon plan, the first results show that, for the shift towards a sustainable low carbon development, more ambitious steps need to be taken in order to overcome the challenges faced.

  13. Water resources in Central Asia - status quo and future conflicts in transboundary river catchments - the example of the Zarafshan River (Tajikistan-Uzbekistan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groll, Michael; Opp, Christian; Kulmatov, Rashid; Normatov, Inom; Stulina, Galina; Shermatov, Nurmakhmad

    2014-05-01

    Water is the most valuable resource in Central Asia and due to its uneven distribution and usage among the countries of the region it is also the main source of tension between upstream and downstream water users. Due to the rapidly shrinking glaciers in the Pamir, Tien-Shan and Alai mountains, the available water resources will, by 2030, be 30% lower than today while the water demand of the growing economies will increase by 30%. This will further aggravate the pressure on the water resources and increase the water deficit caused by an unsustainable water use and political agendas. These challenges can only be overcome by an integrated water resource management for the important transboundary river catchments. The basis for such an IWRM approach however needs to be a solid data base about the status quo of the water resources. To that end the research presented here provides a detailed overview of the transboundary Zarafshan River (Tajikistan-Uzbekistan), the lifeline for more than 6 mln people. The Zarafshan River is well suited for this as it is not only one of the most important rivers in Central Asia but because the public availability of hydrological and ecological data is very limited, Furthermore the catchment is characterized by the same imbalances in the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus as most river systems in that region, which makes the Zarafshan a perfect model river for Central Asia as a whole. The findings presented here are based on field measurements, existing data from the national hydrometeorological services and an extensive literature analysis and cover the status quo of the meteorological and hydrological characteristics of the Zarafshan as well as the most important water quality parameters (pH, conductivity, nitrate, phosphate, arsenic, chromate, copper, zinc, fluoride, petroleum products, phenols and the aquatic invertebrate fauna). The hydrology of the Zarafshan is characterized by a high natural discharge dynamic in the mountainous upper parts of

  14. The status quo of job performance and its related factors among clinical nurses%护士工作绩效现状及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣欣; WipadaKunaviktiku; PetsuneeThungjaroenkul; 郑爽; 王合

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the status quo of job performance and its related factors among clinical nurses. Method: 375 nurses from a general hospital completed a questionnaire which included Job Performance Measure (JPM) and the Nursing Stress Scale (NSS). Result: Job performance perceived by nurses in the general hospital was at moderate level while job stress was at high level. There was a significant negative correlation between job performance and job stress among nurses. Lack of support was considered as a related factor via multiple regression analysis. Conclusion: The level of job stress among clinical nurses was relatively high. It could relate to their job performance. The results of this study suggest the management team to improve job performance and give more support to decrease job stress so that nurses could work more effectively.%目的:探讨护士工作绩效的现状及其影响因素.方法:采用护理工作绩效量表(JPM)和工作压力量表(NSS),对某三级甲等综合医院的375位护士进行调查.结果:护士的工作绩效处于中等水平,工作压力处于高水平,工作绩效和工作压力呈负相关,经多元回归分析,进入回归方程的变量为缺乏支持.结论:护士承受的工作压力较高,过高的工作压力对工作绩效产生负面影响.减轻护士的工作压力,给予其更多的支持和帮助,可以提高护士的工作绩效,促进其更有效地工作.

  15. Status quo of patient safety culture in foreign healthcare organizations%国外医疗机构患者安全文化现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓晓晓; 崔颖; 席修明

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To learn the status quo of patient safety culture in foreign healthcare organizations and to provide references for assessment and improvement of patient safety culture in China. Methods: Literature on patient safety culture assessment from 2005 to 2014 were reviewed and analyzed. Results: There were differences among dimensional positive response rate of patient safety culture which could be divided into areas of strength and areas with potential for improvement. There were also differences among patients on safety culture. But the statistical significance of differences needed to be tested. Conclusions: There were differences among safety culture dimensions and participants. Corresponding measures can be taken according to differences can help patient safety culture sustainable development.%目的:了解国外医疗机构患者安全文化现状,为国内患者安全文化测评与改进提供借鉴。方法:检索2005年-2014年国外关于患者安全文化测评的文献,对研究结果进行统计分析。结果:患者安全文化各维度积极反应率不同,有优势区域与待改进区域之分;患者安全文化水平在调查对象间存在不同程度差异,差异统计学意义有待验证。结论:患者安全文化水平在不同维度及调查对象之间存在不同程度差异,针对差异采取针对性改进措施有助于患者安全文化水平的不断提升。

  16. 国内足球博彩业现状与发展前景之探讨%Explore the Domestic Football Gambling Status quo and Prospect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎智; 陈吉鄂

    2014-01-01

    Since the 90s of last century, the betting is increasingly profoundly changing the football industry as well as foot-ball itself. More and more economists agree that football betting is an economy. This article is in football gaming for the study, the main use of literature, the status quo of China's soccer lottery analyzed, trying to discover the shortcomings of soccer gam-bling and analyzes trends in the world of football gambling, from which to learn and absorb the experience of others, for the development of football gaming industry to provide reference and recommendations.%上个世纪90年代以来,博彩正越来越深刻地改变着足球产业以及足球运动本身。越来越多的经济学家认同足球博彩是一种经济。本文正是以足球博彩业为研究对象,主要采用文献资料法,对我国足球彩票的现状进行分析,力图发现我国足球博彩业的存在不足,并分析世界足球博彩业的发展趋势,从中借鉴和吸收别人的经验,为我国足球博彩业的发展,提供参考和建议。

  17. 同性恋成因及其现状:两例案例分析%The cause and status quo of homosexuality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈四维

    2013-01-01

    Objectives:To investigate the status quo and loving affairs of homosexuality in China and to discuss the causes of homosexuality.Method:Deep interviews of the two cases were conducted.Results:The causes and the love affairs of the two cases were different,reflecting to some extent some phenomenon in homosexuality circle in China.Conclusion:Although the CCMD-3 and the diagnostic system in the United States today does not categorize homosexuality as abnormal psychology,homosexual people are still a special group.They are more likely to have psychological problems.As a vulnerable group,they deserve more care from the society.%目的:调查当下同性恋的现状,探讨同性恋的成因,同性恋的感情生活的现象.方法:采用个体访谈的方法,对两例案例进行深入访谈和分析.结果:两例案例的同性恋成因、感情生活各不相同,从侧面反映出当下同性恋圈子里的现象.结论:现今CCMD-3以及美国的诊断体系已经不把同性恋作为变态心理学的范畴.但由于同性恋所处的特殊的社会地位,比正常人更有可能产生心理问题.作为社会的弱势群体,我们应该给他们更多的关怀.

  18. Development Status Quo and Trend of IPv6 in the US Military%美军IPv6发展现状及趋势综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙明珠; 吴勇; 黄朝辉

    2014-01-01

    IPv6 (Internet Protocol Version 6), the core of the next-generation internet technology, enjoys an absolute advantage as compared with IPv4 technology, and is the most important component of the GIG in the US military. This paper describes first the development history of IPv6 in the US military,then focu-ses on the status quo of IPv6 in terms of background purpose, policy planning, functional organization, standard specification and actual process,and then analyzes the major challenges faced by IPv6 in the de-velopment process. Finally, it gives forecasts and prospects for the development trend of IPv6 in the US military, in accordance with the development situation of global and US network information technology.%IPv6( Internet Protocol Version 6)是下一代互联网的核心支撑技术,具有IPv4技术无法相比的绝对优势,是美军全球信息栅格( GIG)网络的重要组成部分。文中首先介绍了美军IPv6的发展历程;然后重点阐述了美军发展IPv6的背景目的、政策计划、职能机构、标准规范及实际进展等现状;接着分析了美军发展IPv6中面临的主要问题;最后结合全球及美国信息网络技术的发展形势,对美军IPv6的发展趋势进行了预测和展望。

  19. [Memorandum 'Development of health services research in Bavaria from the perspective of the Bavarian State Working Group 'Health Services Research (LAGeV)': status quo - potential - strategies'].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollederer, A; Braun, G E; Dahlhoff, G; Drexler, H; Engel, J; Gräßel, E; Häusler, E; Heide, H; Heuschmann, P U; Hörl, G; Imhof, H; Kaplan, M; Kasperbauer, R; Klemperer, D; Kolominsky-Rabas, P; Kuhn, J; Lang, M; Langejürgen, R; Lankes, A; Leidl, R; Liebl, B; Loss, J; Ludewig, K; Mansmann, U; Melcop, N; Nagels, K; Nowak, D; Pfundner, H; Reuschenbach, B; Schneider, A; Schneider, W; Schöffski, O; Schreiber, W; Voigtländer, S; Wildner, M; Zapf, A; Zellner, A

    2015-03-01

    The aim of the memorandum on the development of health services research (HSR) in Bavaria is to operationalise the global objectives of the State Working Group "Health Services Research" (LAGeV) and to collectively define future topics, specific implementation steps, methods as well as ways of working for the future course of the LAGeV. The LAGeV is an expert committee that integrates and links the competencies of different actors from science, politics and health care regarding HSR and facilitates their cooperation. The memorandum is based on an explorative survey among the LAGeV members, which identified the status quo of health services research in Bavaria, potential for development, important constraints, promoting factors, specific recommendations as well as future topics for the further development of HSR in Bavaria. From the perspective of the LAGeV members, the 12 most important future topics are: 1) Interface and networking research, 2) Innovative health care concepts, 3) Health care for multimorbid patients, 4)Health care for chronically ill patients, 5) Evaluation of innovations, processes and technologies, 6) Patient orientation and user focus, 7) Social and regional inequalities in health care, 8) Health care for mentally ill patients, 9) Indicators of health care quality, 10) Regional needs planning, 11) Practical effectiveness of HSR and 12) Scientific use of routine data. Potential for development of HSR in Bavaria lies a) in the promotion of networking and sustainable structures, b) the establishment of an HSR information platform that bundles information and results in regard to current topics and aims to facilitate cooperation as well as c) in the initiation of measures and projects. The latter ought to pinpoint health care challenges and make recommendations regarding the improvement of health care and its quality. The cooperation and networking structures that were established with the LAGeV should be continuously expanded and be used to work

  20. 福安水牛研究利用的现状与展望%Status Quo and Prospect of Fu'an Buffalo Research and Utilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑞光

    2012-01-01

    Fu'an buffalo is one of the fine breeds of China's excellent buffaloes, and the only local fine breed in Fujian Province. This paper analyzed the status quo of the researches in the following aspects as variety resources investigation, working performance, meat performance, milk performance, blood physiological and biochemical, blood protein polymorphism, mitochondrial DNA D-loop genetic diversity analysis, DGAT gene polymorphism, molecular genetic diversity and put forward the idea that variety conservation and development and utilization should be conducted and Fu'an buffalo should be used firstly as milk provider and secondly as meat and labour provider instead of firstly labour provider and secondly milk and meat provider in the past.%福安水牛是我国优良的水牛品种之一,是福建省唯一的水牛地方良种.论文分析了福安水牛在品种资源调查、役用性能、肉用性能、乳用性能、血液生理生化、血液蛋白多态性、线粒体DNA D-loop区遗传多样性分析、DGAT基因多态性分析、分子遗传多样性研究等领域的研究现状,提出要开展品种资源保护和开发利用,认为福安水牛应该由以前“役用为主,乳肉为辅”向“乳用为主,肉役为辅”方向转变.

  1. When Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Meets Organizational Psychology: New Frontiers in Micro-CSR Research, and Fulfilling a Quid Pro Quo through Multilevel Insights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, David A.; Willness, Chelsea R.; Glavas, Ante

    2017-01-01

    Researchers, corporate leaders, and other stakeholders have shown increasing interest in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)—a company’s discretionary actions and policies that appear to advance societal well-being beyond its immediate financial interests and legal requirements. Spanning decades of research activity, the scholarly literature on CSR has been dominated by meso- and macro-level perspectives, such as studies within corporate strategy that examine relationships between firm-level indicators of social/environmental performance and corporate financial performance. In recent years, however, there has been an explosion of micro-oriented CSR research conducted at the individual level of analysis, especially with respect to studies on how and why job seekers and employees perceive and react to CSR practices. This micro-level focus is reflected in 12 articles published as a Research Topic collection in Frontiers in Psychology (Organizational Psychology Specialty Section) titled “CSR and organizational psychology: Quid pro quo.” In the present article, the authors summarize and integrate findings from these Research Topic articles. After describing some of the “new frontiers” these articles explore and create, the authors strive to fulfill a “quid pro quo” with some of the meso- and macro-oriented CSR literatures that paved the way for micro-CSR research. Specifically, the authors draw on insights from the Research Topic articles to inform a multilevel model that offers multiple illustrations of how micro-level processes among individual stakeholders can explain variability in meso (firm)-level relationships between CSR practices and corporate performance. The authors also explore an important implication of these multilevel processes for macro-level societal impact. PMID:28439247

  2. 浙江省碳汇林业现状与前景分析%On Status Quo and Prospect of Forestry Carbon Sequestration in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙孟军; 王同新; 孙茂者

    2011-01-01

    Researches on forestry carbon sequestration play an special role in energy-saving and emission-reduction in the fight against climate change A precise estimation of forestry carbon and regional potential of forestry carbon sinks as well as an effective exploration of measures for CO2 reduction and carbon sinks have direct bearing to the success of China's Energy-Saving and Emission-Reduction Project. Based on a series of forest development outlines and an analysis of fossil fuel consumption and carbon emission, this paper aims to have a comprehensive analysis of the status quo, potential and development trend of forestry carbon sequestration in Zhejiang Province. Meanwhile, suggestions will be made for forestry carbon sequestration development.%研究碳汇林业在节能减排、应对气候变化中具有特殊地位,对森林碳汇大小的估算以及对区域森林碳吸存潜力的正确评价,寻求CO2减排与增汇的对策技术直接关系到我国节能减排目标能否实现。以《浙江省森林功能价值评估报告》为基础,结合《“森林浙江”建设纲要》等发展规划,在分析化石能源消费与碳排放状况的基础上,对浙江省碳汇林业现状与固碳潜力及发展趋势进行综合分析与评价,并提出发展碳汇林业的建议。

  3. 临床免疫学检验的现状与思考%Status quo and reflection of clinical immunology in laboratory medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兰兰; 欧启水

    2014-01-01

    免疫学和分子生物学的发展日新月异,为临床免疫学检验带来许多新的启示和思路,在以临床路径管理和个体化医学为主要特点的时代背景下,如何准确把握这些变化,构建完善的临床免疫学检验质量体系、理清免疫学检验的路径并将其融入到临床路径管理中、扎实推进个体化诊断技术的推广和应用、准确评估临床免疫学检验新技术新项目的诊断价值,是值得每一个临床免疫学检验工作者深思的问题,本文对这些领域的现状和思考作一评述.%With the rapid advancement of immunology and molecular biology,many new revelations and ideas were drew for clinical immunology in laboratory medicine.In the current circumstances of application of clinical pathway management and individual medical care,how to accurately grasp these changes to build perfect quality system for clinical immunology laboratory,clarify the immunology laboratory pathway and integrate that into clinical pathway management,make solid progress for the promotion and application of individual diagnosis and evaluate the diagnostic value of new technique and item for clinical immunology laboratory accurately might be worth pondering for every people working in clinical immunology laboratory.In this paper,the status quo and reflection of clinical immunology is reviewed.

  4. Social-Ecological Resilience and Sustainable Commons Management Paradigms in State Comprehensive Water Planning Legislation: Are We Adapting or Maintaining the Status Quo?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyckman, C.

    2016-12-01

    Water shortage has been increasing throughout the country, as record drought grips the western states and several southeastern states have sued adjoining states over shared water resources. State water planning can avert or lessen conflicts by balancing sectoral needs and legal priority within their own states. The state comprehensive water planning laws dictate the state water plan's process, coverage, and content, and the extent to which they codify the allocation status quo. The plans can contain the latest resource management paradigms that respond to climate change uncertainty; namely, sustainable commons management (SCM) and social-ecological resilience (SER). Building on the work of Pahl-Wostl (2009), Ostrom and Cox (2010), Agrawal (2003), and Walker and Salt (2012), who have advocated for and empirically researched the presence of sustainable SCM and SER processes in water management, I surveyed all 50 states to determine which states had comprehensive water planning legislation. Of those 26, I evaluated their legislative content using an augmented coercive versus cooperative analysis metric (May, 1993; Berke and French, 1994) that includes codifiable SCM and SER measures. I found that the majority of the states' legislation did not contain the SER and SCM measures; they also lack integral comprehensive water planning measures (i.e., conjoined surface and groundwater planning, instream flow protection, critical area planning, and water conservation practices) (Dyckman, forthcoming). There is a statistically significant and inverse relationship between the indices within the metric, affirming that the greater the legislation's coerciveness, the lower its adaptive capacity and its water planning comprehensiveness (Ostrom, 2010; Pendall, 2001). Planners in states with more SER and SCM measures in their state water planning statutes are more likely to have autonomy and ability to respond to localized water needs, with more comprehensive water planning tools.

  5. 肠造口病人生活质量影响因素研究现况%Research status quo of influencing factors of qual ity of l ife of patients with colostomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婷; 陈湘玉

    2014-01-01

    It summarized the definition and status quo of quality of life of patients with colostomy.It expounded the influence of demographic,physi-cal,psychological,social factors and self care ability on the quality of life of patients with colostomy.%简述了生活质量定义及肠造口病人的现状,综述了人口学因素、生理因素、心理因素、社会因素及自护能力对肠造口病人生活质量的影响。

  6. 长江流域水电工程运行期管理体制的现状%Management System Status Quo during Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering Operation Period in Yangtze River Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金影

    2011-01-01

    目前,长江水利电力的发展正处在我国水利电力体制改革和水利电力事业高速前进的机遇期,本文论述了长江流域水电工程1运行期管理体制的现状.%At present, the development of Yangtze river water power is encountering the period of high-speed advance of water conservancy and power system reform, the paper discusses the operation status quo of Yangtze river basin hydropower project management system.

  7. 互动达标理论在护理管理中的应用现状%Status quo of applying interactive up to the standard theory in nursing management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄敏; 黄娟; 岳高杰

    2014-01-01

    It summarized the stutus quo of applying interactive up to the standard theory in nursing human resources management,nursing quality management and nursing management service mode both at home and a-broad.So as to provide some experiences and enlightenment for nursing man-agement in China.%综述了互动达标理论在国内外护理人力资源管理、护理质量管理及护理管理服务模式中的应用现状,为我国护理管理工作提供借鉴经验和启示。

  8. 浅析我国食品标签法规及标准现状与对策%Analyses on Status Quo of Food Labeling Regulations and Standards in China and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华丽; 郭丽丽

    2014-01-01

    本文系统阐述了我国食品标签法规及标准现状、存在的问题;针对目前现状,提出了进一步规范我国食品标签管理工作的对策建议。%This paper systematically illustrates the status quo of regulations and standards, as well as the existing questions of food labeling in China. In view of the current situation, this paper proposes the countermeasures and suggestions to further standardizing the food labeling management.

  9. 中国体育旅游博览会的发展历程、现状与展望%History,Status Quo and Outlook of China Sport Tourism Expo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆雷

    2011-01-01

    By the methods of literature study and logical analysis,the article summarizes the founding background,development history and status quo of China Sport Tourism Expo.It also depicts the development trend of China Sport Tourism Expo.%主要采用文献资料、逻辑分析等研究方法,总结回顾中国体育旅游博览会的诞生背景、发展历程与现状,并对我国体育旅游博览会的未来发展趋势进行了展望。

  10. Status quo and development countermeasures of agricultural machinery in Chengxiang Town of Anxi County%安溪县城厢镇农机拥有现状及发展对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹永乐; 李剑峰

    2015-01-01

    Status quo of agricultural machinery in Chengxiang Town,Anxi County was investigated,existing problems and causes for structure of agricultural machinery was analyzed,and the countermeasures to promote the popularization and appli-cation of agricultural machinery were put forward.%调查安溪县城厢镇的农机拥有现状,分析农机存量结构中存在的问题及产生的原因,并提出促进农机推广应用的对策。

  11. 国内外智能家电标准化现状综述%Summarization of Status Quo of Standards About Intelligent Household Electrical Appliance at Home and Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄文秀

    2015-01-01

    本文对国内外包括美国、澳大利亚、欧盟、国际电工委员会以及我国的智能家电定义以及标准化现状进行了综述,并对典型的智能家电标准进行了介绍.%This paper introduces the international electrotechnical commission, including America, Australia, Euro-pean Union, the definition of intelligent household electrical appliance in our country, and the status quo of relevant standards. At last, it introduces the typical standards for intelligent household electrical appliance.

  12. Study on the status quo of psychological health education of nursing professional undergraduate students%护理专业大学生心理健康教育现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晗; 黄卫东

    2011-01-01

    It analyzed the status quo and existing problems of psychological health education of nursing professional undergraduate students both at home and in abroad.And it prospected the psychological health education for nursing professional undergraduate students in the future.%对国内外护理专业大学生心理健康教育现状及存在的问题进行剖析,进而对护理专业大学生心理健康教育作一展望.

  13. 老年抑郁症病人认知功能障碍研究现状及护理干预进展%Research status quo of cognitive dysfunction of elderly depression patients and its nursing intervention progress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁燕; 曾慧

    2012-01-01

    介绍了国内外老年抑郁症病人认知功能的研究现状,总结了关于老年人抑郁症认知功能评估的常用工具,并提出了相应对策以促进病人心理社会功能康复.%It introduced the research status quo of cognitive function in senile depression people at home and in abroad. It summarized common measurement tools for the cognitive function of older depression patients. And it put forward some corresponding countermeasures to promote recovery of their psychosocial function.

  14. 腹壁造口病人出院后造口管理模式的研究现状%Research status quo of post discharge stoma management model for patients with abdominal wall stoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周花仙; 瞿春华; 瞿海红

    2016-01-01

    It expounded the survival status quo of patients with abdominal wall stoma after discharge,intro-duced stoma management model from the four aspects of status quo stoma care,continuity of care,team cooper-ation and information application.It put forward that hospital community family integration management model could provide continuous,systematic and standardized nursing services for stoma patients and make them back to society as soon as possible.%阐述了腹壁造口病人出院后的生存现状,从造口护理现状、延续护理、团队合作、信息化应用4方面介绍了造口的管理模式,提出医院—社区—家庭一体化管理模式可为造口病人提供连续、系统、规范的护理服务,使造口病人尽早回归社会。

  15. 公安院校徒手格斗课程的现状与发展对策%Analysis of the Status Quo and Countermeasure of the Unarmed - Combat Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安学涛; 王鹏

    2011-01-01

    This paper, by applying approaches of document review, interview and survey, was meant to analyze the status quo and the countermeasures of the Unarmed -Combat Courses in police colleges. The researchers investigated the status quo of the Unarmed - Combat Courses in police colleges, considered its feasibility and coun- termeasure. By doing so, it connected policing closely and worked for policing better.%运用文献资料法、访谈法和问卷调查法,研究徒手格斗课程在公安类院校的发展现状与对策。通过调查徒手格斗课程在公安院校的开展现状,研究并探讨其在公安院校的可行性及发展对策,以期紧密结合公安实践,并更好地服务公安工作。

  16. Monument protection and energy conservation. Status quo five years after the EnEV 2007; Denkmalschutz und Energieeinsparung. Stand der Dinge fuenf Jahre nach der EnEV 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    The meeting ''Monument conservation and energy conservation'' at 9th February 2012 in Wiesbaden (Federal Republic of Germany) focuses on the status quo five years after the revised version of the Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV) in the year 2007. Within this meeting the following lectures were held: (1) Monument conservation and energy conservation - Status Quo five years after the EnEV 2007 (Roswitha Kaiser); (2) Interior insulation with exterior hydrophic treatment - material appropriate and monument appropriate? (Anatol Worch, Michael Auras); (3) Hints regarding to planning, execution and quality assurance of a subsequent core insulation (Heinrich Wigger, Kerstin Stoelken, Britta Schreiber); (4) Comparison of different interior insulation materials (Rudolf Platte); (5) Urban structural energy study Winterthur (Reto Bieli); (6) Remodelling of an industrial plant protected as a historical monument - Historical window systems, exposed masonry and modern installations (Andr Kramm, Marcel Kremer); (7) Model project - Facade insulation with VIP panels at a Ernst-May building protected as a historical building in Frankfurt (Main) (Juergen Werner); (8) The former tax office Wiesbaden - Energetic strengthening (Klaus Daniels); (9) House of the Evangelical Church in Wiesbaden - Energetic strengthening of the facades (Dominik Loh); (10) Conservation versus comfort and energy demand - Potentials of optimization by means of a targeting controlled operation of plant-technical systems in a historical monument (Harald Garrecht); (11) Energy efficient construction - Compound insulation materials as a disposal problem for dismantling and renovation (Ulrich Langer, Thomas Egloffstein).

  17. Analysis on Status Quo of China' s Offshore Wind Power Development%我国海上风电发展现状及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘林; 葛旭波; 张义斌; 尹明; 李利

    2012-01-01

    风电是我国新能源发展的重点,海上风电是风电产业发展的新趋势。我国海上风能资源丰富,具备大规模发展海上风电的资源条件。与陆上风电相比,海上风电的发展面临着一些新的问题和挑战。系统梳理了我国海上风电装机的发展现状和规划,结合海上风电的资源条件和项目建设进展情况,对目前海上风电项目开发中存在的困难和问题进行了研究。重点分析了我国海上风电开发的现状和相关政策以及规划、建设、维护过程中出现的问题,并给出我国加快海上风电发展的建议。%Wind power development is one of the keys of China' s new energy development, and the offshore wind power is the new trend of wind power industry. Enormously rich in offshore wind resources, China has suitable conditions for large scale offshore wind power development. Compared with the land-based wind power development, the offshore wind power development is being faced with some new challenges. This paper reviews the status quo and the planning of China's offshore wind power installed capacity, and studies the difficulties encountered in offshore wind power projects with a focus on the current policies and the problems existing in the planning, construction and maintenance of the offshore wind projects. The paper also proposes suggestions on accelerating China' s offshore wind power development.

  18. Status Quo and Future Development of Photonics in EU%欧盟光子学技术的发展现状与研发趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志勤

    2014-01-01

    欧盟是现代工业制造业的发源地,长期保持着工业技术的世界领先水平。光子学技术,作为欧盟优先确定的六大关键势能技术(KETs)之一,欧盟己制定具体的优惠政策和行动举措给予重点扶持,旨在提升欧盟先进制造业的世界竞争力,促进经济增长和扩大就业。欧盟光子学技术在可持续发展经济、医疗保健、知识型社会建设、公共安全和环境保护以及先进工业制造等领域发挥了重要作用。通过综合研究欧盟光子学技术及其产业的发展现状、研发创新面临的挑战和未来发展趋势,旨在为我国战略性新兴技术产业的可持续发展,提供有益的路径和经验。%The European Union (EU) is the cradle of the modern industrial manufacturing technologies, and maintains the leading position in the world. Based on the world trend on high technology development and comparable advantages of European countries, EU identiifed six key enabling technologies (KETs) to promote the sustainability of industrial development. As one of the key KETs, photonics has been taken as a priority and therefore fully supported by the EU through developing a series of favorable policies and measures, aiming at promoting EU’s leading role in advanced manufacturing industry in the world, enhancing its economic growth and creating more job opportunities. This article overviews the status quo, research and development, challenges and future trend of photonics industry in EU, so as to provide valuable experiences and clues for the development of emerging technology industries with strategic importance in China.

  19. 事业单位财政补助现状与改革的思考%Pondering on Public Institution Financial Subsidy Status Quo and Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青

    2015-01-01

    事业单位作为我国政府部门的组成部分,行使着为公众服务的重要使命,在社会服务和管理等方面都起着非常重要的作用。自改革开发以来,我国政府相继出台了一些政策刺激事业单位的改革并取得了较大成绩。即便如此,事业单位经费供给模式并未改变。事政不分、事企不分、资金利用效益低、工作效率差、本位主义严重与地区发展不平衡等问题依然存在。针对事业单位财政补助现状及存在的问题,提出相应的建议:进行事业单位人事制度改革,重新核定事业单位编制;多方筹措资金,保障分流职工权益;完善社会保障体系;优化事业单位的资源配置并建立预算与编制相适应的管理制度。%The public institution is a part of government sector in the country. It performs important mission of serve the public, plays very important role on aspects of social services and management. Since the reform and opening to the outside world, our government have induced a number of policies successively to stimulate the reform of public institutions and made great achievements. Even so, fund apply mode for public institutions have not been changed. Thus leading issues to confound institution with government, institution with enterprise, low efficiency of capital utilization, low work efficiency, serious departmentalism and imbalanced regional development are still existed. In allusion to public institution financial subsidy status quo, corresponding advises have been put forward:carrying out institution reform of personnel system, recheck and ratify organization;many-sided financing, ensuring diversion staff rights and inter⁃ests;improving social security system;optimizing public institution resources allocation, establishing managerial system corresponding to budget and organization.

  20. 聘用护士离职现状分析及对策%Status quo analysis and strategy of resignation of contracted nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲; 李加宁; 宋雁宾; 原艳丽; 亢君; 周体

    2008-01-01

    目的 分析聘用护士的离职现状,探讨建立健全聘用护士有效的管理机制.方法 收集2005-2007年我院离职聘用护士在院期间个人技术档案,对离职原因等进行统计学分析.结果 2005-2007年聘用护士离职共123人,离职率为10.2%~11.2%.其中62.6%聘用护士在25岁以前离职;主动离职情况所占比率呈下降趋势(P<0.05);86.2%的聘用护士在工作满5年前离职;离职原因依次为"跳槽"占40%,家庭原因占29%,不能胜任工作占13%;聘用年限与违约离职人数呈反比.结论 在新劳动法框架内制定适合氏院特点的护士聘用规范、减少或避免聘用护士的主动离职是必要的.%Objective To analyze the resignation status quo of contracted nurses, so as to establish an effective management mechanism and system for them. Methods 123 contracted nurses who resigned from our hospital from 2005 to 2007 were selected, collecting their individual skill files and undertaking the statistics analysis for the reasons. Results The rate of resignation was from 10.2% to 11.2%. Among the resigned contracted nurses, 62.5% of them resigned before 25 years old;The rate of initiative resignation decreased gradually the three late years (P<0.05);86.2% of the contracted nurses resigned in the first 5 years and 48% of them were nurses of 1~2 years;The flint three reasons of resignation were changing employment (40%), individual reasons to hometown (29%), and incompetence for occupation (13%);It was an inverse ratio between the working lifetime and the number of resigned contracted nurses who broke the promises.Conclusions It is necessary to formulate the employment specification that suits the hospital feature under the new laber contract law so as to deplete or to avoid the initiative resignation of the contracted nurses.

  1. Eficiency factory - Quo Vadis? Brief study; Effizienzfabrik - Quo Vadis? Kurzstudie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattes, Katharina; Kleine, Oliver; Hirzel, Simon; Rhode, Clemens

    2012-11-15

    The demand for an enhanced resource efficiency and energy efficiency in production arises not only from a purely economic perspective, but also from environmental and social reasons. Nevertheless, the issue of resource efficiency did not gain the necessary attention at the corporate level. In 2009, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) launched a program to develop resource-efficient production technologies in which 31 integrated research projects with the efficiency factory and a dedicated accompanying project are promoted immediately in order to improve the transfer of the results. The contribution under consideration reports on the performance of the efficiency factory as a transfer platform in the context of the funding priority and the research results achieved up to now.

  2. Quo vadis, municipal utility?; Quo vadis, Stadtwerk? Strategische Neuausrichtung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Randenborgh, S. van; Lechner, H. [Haamann Hemmelrath Management Consultants GmbH, Muenchen (Germany)

    2003-01-27

    The authors describe the process and the possible alternatives within the framework of a new strategic orientation of local power supply companies. On the basis of an internal and external analysis, that should be done by a multidisciplinary team, different strategic options were developed and valued. (orig.) [German] Die Verfasser beschreiben das Vorgehen und die moeglichen Handlungsoptionen bei der strategischen Neuausrichtung kommunaler Energieversorger. Auf Basis einer internen und externen Analyse, die von einem interdisziplinaeren Team durchgefuehrt werden sollte, werden verschiedene strategische Optionen abgeleitet und bewertet. (orig.)

  3. The vestibular implant: Quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond eVan De Berg

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstractObjective: to assess the progress of the development of the vestibular implant and its feasibility short-term. Data sources: a search was performed in Pubmed, Medline and Embase. Key words used were vestibular prosth* and vestibular implant. The only search limit was language: English or Dutch. Additional sources were medical books, conference lectures and our personal experience with per-operative vestibular stimulation in patients selected for cochlear implantation.Study selection: all studies about the vestibular implant and related topics were included and evaluated by two reviewers. No study was excluded since every study investigated different aspects of the vestibular implant. Data extraction and synthesis: data was extracted by the first author from selected reports, supplemented by additional information, medical books conference lectures. Since each study had its own point of interest with its own outcomes, it was not possible to compare data of different studies. Conclusion: to use a basic vestibular implant in humans seems feasible in the very near future. Investigations show that electric stimulation of the canal nerves induces a nystagmus which corresponds to the plane of the canal which is innervated by the stimulated nerve branch. The brain is able to adapt to a higher baseline stimulation, while still reacting on a dynamic component. The best response will be achieved by a combination of the optimal stimulus (stimulus profile, stimulus location, precompensation, complemented by central vestibular adaptation. The degree of response will probably vary between individuals, depending on pathology and their ability to adapt.

  4. Benchmark simulation models, quo vadis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppsson, U.; Alex, J; Batstone, D. J.

    2013-01-01

    As the work of the IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is coming to an end, it is essential to disseminate the knowledge gained. For this reason, all authors of the IWA Scientific and Technical Report on benchmarking have come together to p...... already being done within the context of the benchmarking simulation models (BSMs) or applicable work in the wider literature. Of key importance is increasing capability, usability and transparency of the BSM package while avoiding unnecessary complexity. © IWA Publishing 2013....... and spatial extension, process modifications within the WWTP, the realism of models, control strategy extensions and the potential for new evaluation tools within the existing benchmark system. We find that there are major opportunities for application within all of these areas, either from existing work...

  5. Codependency: Innovation or Status Quo?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Jonathan J.; Minton, Henry L.

    Codependency is a relatively new idea, emerging in the late 1970s within the chemical dependency treatment industry. However, the belief that the wife of the alcoholic is, by definition, disturbed, has been influential in varying degrees since the 1930s. The perennial influence of the codependency hypothesis suggests that it is a social…

  6. Digitale Bildung – quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Büsch

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Unter dem Titel "Durch Stärkung der Digitalen Bildung Medienkompetenz fördern und digitale Spaltung überwinden" hatte die große Koalition im März 2015 einen Entschließungsantrag eingebracht, der die Digitale Agenda insofern konkretisieren wollte. In einer Medienpädagogischen Trendtagung haben sich die Träger der Tagungsreihe Digital 2020 die Aufgabe gestellt, den aktuellen Sachstand zu erfragen, das Themenfeld Digitale Bildung zu beleuchten und Perspektiven und Probleme aufzuzeigen. In March 2015, the German government launched a motion for a resolution concerning digital literacy,"Overcoming the digital gap by strengthening digital education and thus promoting media literacy" ("Durch Stärkung der Digitalen Bildung Medienkompetenz fördern und digitale Spaltung überwinden", which should substantiate the digital agenda (Digitale Agenda. With a trend conference on media education, the bodies responsible for the conference series Digital 2020 seeked to check with applicants on the state of affairs and to take a closer look on perspectives and problems concerning digital literacy.

  7. Quo Vadis Infotainment”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadi Ahmadi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available According to Marshall McLuhan, the world has become a global village where modern communication media opened up unlimited interactions among people all over the world. Among other things, mass communication channel has rapidly developed, allowing greater mass of information transmissions to be spread for all members of society in no time. Unfortunately, the rapid development of mass media was not followed by better quality in terms of media content. Infotainments were everywhere, offering latest report concerning celebrity news in detail, and raising serious questions concerning ethics, privacy, public policy, and news quality today.

  8. Status quo of supply technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noda, Shigeo

    1987-09-01

    Problems for gas supply function, activity of the Gas Association, and technological development mainly of the presented subjects are reported. According to the materials released by the Gas Associattion, demands for city gas by the 21st Century is expected to be rather high with 3.6% annual growth rate. It is premissed on an assumption that the superior quality of the city gas satisfying customer requirements would be further upgraded. The problems confronted by the supply function for this purpose are the pursuit for less cost, improvement in security, and stable gas supply. The Gas Association carried out research, investigation, preparation of standards, etc., and published instructive materials such as guide for main and branch piping, guide for supply piping, technical standards for gas related works, etc. It also has been endeavoring to popularize the use of polyethylene pipies, and studying the evaluation method for the renewal and repair of gas conduits and house regulator supply system, etc. The supply function has been working on the cutting dowm of costs, inprovement in security, and developing technologies such as underground probing radar, inteligent pipe locator, identifier for gas and water supply tubes, estimation of ground subsidence, inspection of inside of pipes by a television camera, etc. (1 tab)

  9. Grand unification: quo vadis domine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senjanovic, G.

    1985-01-01

    The present theoretical and experimental situation with grand unification is summarized. The issues of proton decay and the Weinberg angle are addressed, going through the predictions of both the standard SU(5) theory and its supersymmetric extension. The SO(10) theory, which provides a minimal one family model, is then studied. The gravitational characteristics of domain walls and strings are then discussed. It is argued that there is a need to go beyond SO(10) in order to incorporate a unified picture of families. This leads to the prediction of mirror fermions, whose physics is analyzed. 31 refs. (LEW)

  10. Imprescriptibilidad y terrorismo: quo vademus?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Gómez Martín

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Com és sabut, el 23 de juny de 2010 es va publicar en el Butlletí Oficial de l'Estat la Llei Orgànica 5/2010, de 22 de juny, per la qual es va modificar la Llei Orgànica 10/1995, de 23 de novembre, del Codi Penal. D'acord amb el que es disposa en la Disposició final setena, la LO 5/2010, de 22 de juny, va entrar en vigor als sis mesos de la seva completa publicació en el Butlletí Oficial de l'Estat, això és, el 23 de desembre de 2010. Una de les institucions de la Part General del Codi penal que es va veure sotmesa a més rellevants modificacions, amb no menys rellevants conseqüències pràctiques, va ser la prescripció del delicte.Quatre són, fonamentalment, les novetats introduïdes en la matèria per la LO 5/2010. D'una banda, es modifica l'àmbit d'aplicació de la regla de la imprescriptibilitat (art. 131.4 CP. Per una altra, s'elimina el termini de prescripció de tres anys, passant a prescriure als cinc anys els delictes que ho feien als tres (art. 131, par. 4º CP. En tercer lloc, s'introdueix una nova regla de determinació del termini de prescripció en cas de concurs de delictes i de delictes connexos (art. 131.5 CP I, finalment, es modifica el règim d'interrupció de la prescripció (art. 132.2 CP. Les línies que segueixen tenen com a objectiu exposar els trets fonamentals de la primera d'aquestes novetats legals, així com formular algunes observacions crítiques sobre les mateixes. En les mateixes es demostrarà fins a quin punt està influint el populisme punitivista i la via retribucionista del Dret penal internacional en l'abast de clàusules de imprescriptibilitat com la prevista en l'art. 131.4 CP.

  11. Benchmark simulation models, quo vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeppsson, U; Alex, J; Batstone, D J; Benedetti, L; Comas, J; Copp, J B; Corominas, L; Flores-Alsina, X; Gernaey, K V; Nopens, I; Pons, M-N; Rodríguez-Roda, I; Rosen, C; Steyer, J-P; Vanrolleghem, P A; Volcke, E I P; Vrecko, D

    2013-01-01

    As the work of the IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is coming to an end, it is essential to disseminate the knowledge gained. For this reason, all authors of the IWA Scientific and Technical Report on benchmarking have come together to provide their insights, highlighting areas where knowledge may still be deficient and where new opportunities are emerging, and to propose potential avenues for future development and application of the general benchmarking framework and its associated tools. The paper focuses on the topics of temporal and spatial extension, process modifications within the WWTP, the realism of models, control strategy extensions and the potential for new evaluation tools within the existing benchmark system. We find that there are major opportunities for application within all of these areas, either from existing work already being done within the context of the benchmarking simulation models (BSMs) or applicable work in the wider literature. Of key importance is increasing capability, usability and transparency of the BSM package while avoiding unnecessary complexity.

  12. The Analysis of Status Quo and Requirement of the Construction of Ocean Reserve Based on GIS%基于GIS的海洋保护区建设现状与需求分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田洪军; 李晋

    2012-01-01

    保护海洋生物资源和海洋自然环境的有效途径之一是建立海洋保护区。规划海洋保护区时尽量做到与海洋功能区划协调一致。本文首先分析了我国海洋保护区的建设现状,通过收集整理沿海各省海洋功能区划中划定的海洋保护区信息,对比分析海洋保护区建设现状与海洋功能区划中划定的保护区之间的空间关系。文章利用GIS技术分析省级海洋功能区划中划定的保护区与海洋保护区现状的空间一致性,得出海洋功能区划有利于协调全国海洋保护区总体布局,现行的省级海洋功能区划中海洋保护区的选划可满足海洋保护区建设需求。%One of the effective ways of protecting ocean biological and natural environment is to set up ocean natural reserve. The planning of ocean reserve should be consistent with ocean function area to the greatest extent. This paper firstly analyses the status quo of the construction of ocean reserve in our country. Through the collection of ocean reserve information delimited in the ocean function area planning in coastal provinces, it analyses the spatial relationship between ocean reserve construction status quo and the ocean re- serve delimited in ocean function planning. This paper analyses the consistency between ocean reserve status quo and ocean reserve delimited in ocean function area planning, and reaches the conclusion that ocean function area planning can facilitate the rational dis- tribution of ocean reserve, and the current ocean reserve planning in ocean function planning can meet the requirement of ocean re- serve construction.

  13. 蚌埠市人工流产现状及影响因素∗%The status quo and influencing factors of artificial abortion in Bengbu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑真; 李金芝; 王少娜; 王春梅

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the status quo and influencing factors of artificial abortion. Methods:self - made questionnaires were used to investigate 254 patients with artificial abortion. Results:132 cases(52%) of artificial abortion were repeated ones;the interval of 56 cases (42. 4%) of repeated abortion was less than a year. The causes of pregnancy were that 183cases (72%) did not use contraceptive measures and 71 ca-ses (28 %) failed in contraception. The difference between patients with different frequency of abortion in terms of age, marital status, reproduc-tive history, education level, the emergency contraception and artificial abortion was statistically significant( P <0. 05);people with advanced age and high school degree or below didn't know about emergency contraception, regarding artificial abortion as a contraceptive measure, which was the risk factors of repeated abortion( P <0. 05). Conclusion:Education on the knowledge about the contraceptive measures and abortion among women of childbearing age and adolescent women should be strengthened;unwanted pregnancy should be reduced;post-abortion services should be improved; the incidence of artificial abortion should be reduced to protect the female reproductive health.%目的::探讨蚌埠市人工流产发生现状及影响因素。方法:采用自编问卷对蚌埠市便利抽样的254名人工流产者进行问卷调查。结果:人工流产者中132例(52.0%)为重复流产,56例(42.4%)的重复流产者流产间隔时间≤1年;妊娠原因未使用避孕措施183例(72.0%),避孕失败71例(28.0%);流产次数不同的患者,在年龄、婚姻状况、生育史、文化程度、对紧急避孕及人工流产术的认知方面比较差异有统计学意义( P <0.05),高龄、高中及以下学历、不了解紧急避孕措施、认同人工流产可以作为一种避孕措施是重复流产的危险因素( P <0.05)。结论:应加强对育龄妇女、青春期女性避孕措施及人工

  14. 高职大学生社会支持现状的调查研究%Survey on Social Support Status Quo of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙克波

    2014-01-01

    采用肖水源的社会支持量表,以618名高职大学生为研究对象,调查分析了高职大学生社会支持现状,结果表明:是独生子的高职大学生客观支持得分显著高于非独生子的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生,非独生子的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于独生子,是班干部的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持利用度得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生支持总分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持总分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生。结论:高职大学生的社会支持呈现一定的特点,受其生源地、是否为独生子女、是否为班干部等因素的影响。对高职大学生开展心理健康教育时,要充分考虑其社会支持程度的差异性,鼓励其积极主动获取社会支持。%This survey employs Xiao Shuiyuan’s social support scaling method and uses 618 higher vocational col-lege students as research objects to survey and analyze social support status quo of college students. The result shows that the objective support score of higher vocational college students who are only child is higher than non -only child significantly;the subjective support score of higher vocational college students whose origins are cities is much higher than those from rural areas;the subjective support score of the non - only child is far higher than the only - child;the subjective support score of class leaders is even higher than those who are not class leaders;the support availability score of class leaders is significantly higher than those who are not class leaders;the total sup-port score of those from cities is higher than those from rural areas;the total support score of class leaders is

  15. The analysis of the Status Quo of Civic Education in Primary and Secondary Schools%中小学公民教育现状研究评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高贵忠

    2012-01-01

    公民教育已成为世界各国教育中基础和核心的组成部分,中小学生的公民素质是公民教育的摇篮,学校中的公民教育是培养合格公民的主要渠道,它贯穿于公民教育、教学活动的始终,是促进公民素质提高、培育公民意识的重要根源。文章运用比较研究视角,对中小学公民教育现状存在的问题:公民教育观念转型不完善、公民教育研究薄弱、缺乏"本土化"研究视域,实证研究匮乏、研究视角比较单一,没有形成正确的归因模式等进行细致的梳理与探析,进而提出全面解决问题的对策:顺应时势,增强公民教育意识观念、切实提升元公民教育理论研究、重视中小学公民教育"本土化"问题研究、深刻把握全球化、终身教育层面的研究视角。%The civic education has become a vital component of the nucleus and foundation of world education. The citizenship of students in primary and secondary schools is a cradle of civic education. The civic education in schools is the main channel of cultivating qualified citizens, which penetrates deep into civic education and teaching activities and is an important source to promote the citizenship and to groom civic consciousness. The thesis probes and analyses the status quo of civic education in primary and secondary schools from the comparative study aspect. The problems includes the inadequate transformation of civic education concept, the weak research of meta-civic education , the lack of "localization" perspective and empirical research in studies, the simple research perspectives, the shortage of correct attribution modes and so on. The thesis elaborates these problems and proposes a comprehensive solution, which is enhancing an awareness of the concept of civic education, promoting the theory study in meta-civic education, emphasizing on "localization" studies of the civic education in primary and secondary schools and grasping

  16. 我国网上药店发展现状及对策%Status Quo of Development and Strategy of Online Drugstores in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴锦

    2013-01-01

    目的:促进我国网上药店良性发展.方法:运用系统论分析我国网上药店的管理状况和发展现状,剖析发展缓慢的成因并提出对策.结果与结论:截至2012年10月,我国网上药店获得《互联网药品交易服务资格证书》的共116家,只有67家企业的服务范围是“向个人消费者提供药品”,且分布不均匀、发展缓慢.从审批时间上看,审批数量处于上升趋势,由2007年前共5家,到2011年的18家.发展缓慢的成因主要是行政审批门槛高,管理机制滞后;消费者对网上药店的资质及药品质量存在担忧;消费者年龄和购药需求有差异,购药不便利;网上药店运营成本高,物流配送与发展速度不匹配.管理部门要完善网上药店交易的规章制度并加强监督,企业要提高服务质量并加强企业间联盟,行业协会要加强行业自律和信用规范化管理,共同推动网上药店的发展.%OBJECTIVE: To promote the positive development of online drugstores in China. METHODS: The system theory was adopted to analyze the status quo and management of online drugstores in China, and the reasons for the slow development of online drugstores were analyzed to put forward countermeasures. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: By Oct. 2012, 116 online drugstores have acquired Qualification Certificate for Online Drug Trading Service in China; only 67 online drugstores provide drugs for individual consumers, and they have not been evenly distributed and developed slowly. In view of approval process time, the number of approval is increasing, from 5 enterprises before 2007 to 18 enterprises in 2011. Main reasons for the slow development are high threshold of administrative approval and hysteretic management system; consumers worrying about the qualifications of online drugstores and drug quality; difference in age and demands of consumers, and inconvenient drug purchase; the operation cost of online drugstores, and logistics and

  17. 国内航运企业燃油成本管控现状及对策分析%The Managing Status Quo and Countermeasures of Fuel Oil Cost about Domestic Shipping Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁帅

    2012-01-01

    The essay starts with the basic theories of logistic project management. By means of evidence-based research and analysis combined with the trend of domestic and foreign marine fuel oil market situation and the properties of shipping and logistics industries, research and investigation are made on the status quo of marine fuel oil management of one large-scale container liner so as to decide on the appropriate marine filel oil cost management strategy for domestic shipping companies.%从物流工程管理的基本理论出发,结合国内外燃油市场的形势和航运业的特点,时国内某大型集装箱航运公司燃油成本管控现状进行分析,并提出了适合国内航运企业的燃油成本管控策略。

  18. Analysis of Status Quo of Public Service Standardization and Its Development Route%公共服务标准化现状与发展路径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康俊生

    2015-01-01

    本文研究了公共服务标准化的概念、特征,总结了国外公共服务标准化建设经验,分析了我国公共服务标准化管理机制及推进实施现状,提出了进一步推进公共服务标准化的发展路径.%This paper studies the concept and characteristics of public service standardization, summarizes the construction experience in overseas public service standardization, analyzes the status quo of the management mechanism and implementation in China, and proposes the development route of public service standardization.

  19. Status quo of cheating in examinations and the countermeasures%论新时期大学生考试作弊行为的特点、成因及纠治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石磊

    2012-01-01

    Cheating in college examinations is a focus of all circles.In this paper,the status quo of cheating in college examinations as well as causes and countermeasures is discussed on the basis of the author's working experiences.%大学生考试作弊现象是社会各界的普遍关注的问题。结合多年从事教务、考务工作的经验,指出了现阶段大学生考试作弊行为的新特点,分析了造成这种现象的原因及其危害,提出了解决问题的思路和办法。

  20. 建筑施工企业项目管理现状及对策%The Status Quo of Program Management of the Construction Enterprise and its Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦国进

    2009-01-01

    通过对工程项目管理理论进行研究,分析了我国目前建筑工程施工项目管理的现状及存在的主要问题,并根据工作经验提出相应的对策和具体的工程项目管理方法,为提高我国建筑企业的工程管理水平提供参考.%According to the analysis of the management theory of engineering projects, the article analyzes the status quo of construction engineering projects in China and the main problems in them. Based on the experiences, it also proposes some related countermeasures and the specific engineering management methods for the reference of improving engineering man-agement among China's construction enterprises.

  1. Research status quo of self management ability and quality of life of patients with community hypertension%社区高血压病人自我管理能力及生活质量的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    原露露; 李小寒; 高玉琴

    2016-01-01

    对国内外高血压病人自我管理能力和生活质量研究现状进行综述,认为社区高血压病人自我管理能力的远期效果及其对生活质量的影响应予以重视。%It reviewed the research status quo of self management ability and quality of life of patients with hy-pertension at home and abroad ,and thought that the long term effect of the self management ability of the community hypertension patients and its influence on their quality of life should be paid more attention .

  2. The status quo of nursing safety management and research progress on its strategies%护理安全管理现状与对策研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田素斋; 曹雯雯; 陈慧霞; 董荣乔; 赵滨; 张玉乾; 张丽华

    2011-01-01

    It introduced the status quo of nursing safety management and research progress on its strategies both at home and in abroad from aspects of nursing safety management institutions,nursing safety adverse events repotting system, nursing errors analysis system, quality evaluation system in nursing safety management, and safety management barriers and so on.%从护理安全管理机构、护理安全(不良)事件报告系统、护理差错的分析系统、护理安全管理质量评价体系、安全管理屏障等方面介绍了国内外的护理安全管理及对策研究进展.

  3. 临床护理人员用药安全管理的现状与策略%The status quo of medication safety management of clinical nursing staff and its strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛洁

    2011-01-01

    It analyzed the status quo and its influencing factors of medication safety management of clinical nursing staff. It pointed out some strategies for medication safety management including implementing all rules and regulations, improving the work flow, rationally allocating nursing human resources and carrying out job training on medication safety.%分析临床护理人员用药安全管理现状及其影响因素,提出护理用药安全管理策略在于落实各项制度、完善工作流程、合理配置护理人力、开展用药安全在职培训.

  4. Status Quo of Twice Supplying Water for High Building and Antisepsis Effect of MF-2 Disinfector%高层建筑二次供水的现状及MF-2消毒剂的消毒效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘庆增; 王金兰

    2002-01-01

    Objective To discuss status quo of twice supplying water for high building and validateantisepsis effect of MF - 2 disinfector. Methods By field test and searching reference, discussing thequestions of above - describe. According to state prescriptive method for disinfecting drinking water, vali-dating the antisepsis effect of disinfecting twice supplying water. Results Currently, establishment fortwice supplying water and the quality of the supplying water has some questions. According to the qualityof twice supplying water, acceding to some MF - 2 disinfector to disinfect, it will achieve the standard ofdrinking water. Conclusion Circumstance management department and sanitation supervise departmentshould smeliorate and manage the quality of twice supplying water, and insure the safety of using drinkingwater. So MF - 2 disinfector may replace contain chlorin disinfector to disinfect twice supplying water.

  5. Energy Security Expectations,Status Quo Preferences and the Energy Diplomacy Decision-Making of Great Powers%能源安全预期、现状偏好与大国的能源外交决策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓慧; 肖斌

    2011-01-01

    This article takes a state's expectations with respect to energy security and its status quo preferences as independent variables to interpret energy foreign policy behavior of great powers,and distinguishes between three types of energy diplomacy based on level of risk:offensive energy diplomacy(high risk),offense-defense energy diplomacy(medium risk),and defensive energy diplomacy(low risk).This article argues that:(1) If policymakers have low expectations for energy security,they will have a preference for avoiding further damage to national interests by selecting offensive energy diplomacy;(2) If policymakers have high expectations for energy security,a state's preference will be for accruing benefits from the status quo,which policymakers will maintain by selecting defensive energy diplomacy;(3) When policymakers see their expectations for energy security downgraded from high to low,their preferences for the status quo will begin to shift,and in order to maintain the status quo and avoid losses,policymakers are more likely to select offensive-defensive energy diplomacy.%关于能源外交的现有研究成果大多建立在理性主义之上,缺乏对不确定条件下能源外交决策行为的分析。鉴此,本文选择了国家的能源安全预期和现状偏好两个变量来解释大国的能源外交决策行为,同时根据风险强度把能源外交决策划分为进攻型(强风险)、进攻-防御型(中等风险)和防御型(弱风险),由此尝试动态地解释大国能源外交决策的生成机制及其强弱变化的原因。文章认为:(1)如果决策者对能源安全的预期低,则其对国家现状偏好更倾向于损失,为了避免更多的损失,决策者更有可能选择进攻型能源外交;(2)如果决策者对能源安全的预期高,则其对国家现状偏好更倾向于收益,为了维持现状,决策者更有可能选择防御型能源外交;(3)当决策者对能源

  6. On the status quo and developing trend of credit card fraud cases%论信用卡诈骗案件的现状与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹洪华

    2012-01-01

    本文通过对信用卡诈骗案的收集和整理,系统分析了目前我国信用卡诈骗案的现状、特点和发展趋势,并且针对信用卡诈骗手段的不断更新,向公安人员提出了应该具有的侦查能力和技术手段。%Through the collection and collation of credit card fraud cases,the paper systematically analyzed the current status quo,characteristics and developing trend of China's credit card fraud cases,and suggested investigative capacity and technical means the public security personnel should have in view of constantly update means for credit card fraud.

  7. 中国与东盟能源合作的现状与前景%The Status Quo and Prospect in the Cooperation of Energy Between China and ASEAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李计成

    2004-01-01

    With the ongoing growth of China' s economy in recent years, China' s import of oil has increased year by year. Oil security has become a hot issue that people around the world are concerned about. Therefore, it is necessary for China to adopt a policy of importing oil from multi - sources and intensifying the international cooperation to guarantee the supply of oil.Meanwhile, the economic and trade relations between China and ASEAN has developed into some new stages and the cooperation in energy resources has become an important part of their comprehensive relations of cooperation. In such background, the paper tries to review the status quo of such cooperation in petroleum gas and to analyze the reasons for their fast growth and the prospect for such cooperation.

  8. 电子图书的现状与发展趋势对读者服务的影响%Status quo of E-books and its Development Trend on the Services for Readers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杏文

    2012-01-01

      The paper analyzes and introduces the market development of domestic and international e-books, its pricing, content resources and the status quo of reading, and expounds the influence of future e-books on the services for readers, in the aspects of hardware, price, sales modes and the strategies of publishers.%  文章对国内外电子图书的市场发展、价格因素、内容资源、阅读现状进行了分析和介绍,从硬件、价格、销售模式、出版商的应对等方面阐述了今后电子图书的发展趋势对读者服务的影响。

  9. 广东省体育舞蹈俱乐部现状与发展模式研究%The Sports Dancing Clubs in Guangdong:Status Quo and Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李旭武; 黄超群

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports first a survey of the status quo regarding the sports dancing clubs in Guangdong Province and has a discussion of the dependent relationship between sport dancing clubs and their participants. Then it gives some good advice about rationalizing the developmental mode of the sports dancing clubs in Guangdong.%运用实地考察法和访谈法等,对广东省体育舞蹈俱乐部的现状进行调查研究;讨论体育舞蹈消费者与体育舞蹈俱乐部的依存关系,并对广东省体育舞蹈俱乐部的发展模式提出更趋合理化和科学化的建议。

  10. Appl ication status quo of family centered care model in pediatric department%以家庭为中心护理模式在儿科的应用现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩倩; 刘晓丹; 任静; 徐林燕; 李琳

    2014-01-01

    It reviewed the concept,principles,application status quo in ped-iatric department and existed problems of family centered care.It expects that can provide some mirrors for carrying out family centered pediatric care in China,so as to improve the quality of pediatric nursing.%对以家庭为中心护理的概念及原则、在儿科的应用现状、存在的问题进行综述,希望为我国实施以家庭为中心的儿科护理提供借鉴,提高儿科护理质量。

  11. Status Quo of Sports Activities of Handicapped College Students and Physical Exercise Participation Values%我国残疾大学生体育现状及其参与锻炼的价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘辉; 刘利江; 唐军

    2011-01-01

    Analysis is conducted to study the status quo of handicapped college student about their participation in sports,obstacles against participation and values of participating in physical exercises on their part,to emphasize the importance of developing sport activities of handicapped college students in times of constructing socialist harmonious society.%对我国残疾大学生体育现状、制约残疾大学生参加体育锻炼的因素和残疾大学生参与体育运动的价值进行分析,提出在构建社会主义和谐社会中发展残疾大学生体育的重要性.

  12. Status Quo of Medical Students' Moral Personality and Exploration of Cultivating Approach%医学生道德人格的现状及培养途径探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任玲艳

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the author analyzed the status quo of medical students'moral personality in modern times. Effective cultivating approaches to enhance medical students' moral personality are proposed, including pursuit for moral ideal and enhancing recognition of medical ethics, valuing the influence of moral role -models and sticking to the medical ethics belief, creating moral situations to cultivate medical ethics accomplishment, stressing self - restraining in private to train medical ethics trait.%对新时期医学生道德人格的现状进行了分析,并进一步探讨了医学生道德人格培养的有效途径:追求道德理想,提高医德认知;重视人格榜样,坚定医德信念;创设道德情境,培养医德情操;强调慎独自律,锤炼医德品质.

  13. Status Quo and Development Measures of Chinese Proprietary Car Brands%我国乘用车自主品牌现状及发展对策探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜春霞

    2011-01-01

    How should we understand the crisis? How should we understand the future development of our proprietary automobile industry? By reliable data and the analysis of the proprietary brands' history and reality, this article tries to talk a-bout the status quo and development measures of Chinese proprietary saloon car brands.%通过对乘用车自主品牌发展历史和现状的梳理,依托可靠的统计数据,比较借鉴国内外学者对此领域的研究成果,从中期度过经济危机和长期谋求主导市场的两个目标层面,讨论我国乘用车自主品牌的发展对策和路径选择问题.

  14. Study on the Status Quo of and the Countermeasures for the Information Literacy Education of the Higher Vocational Medical Students%高职医学生信息素养教育现状与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙学钢

    2015-01-01

    阐述了信息素养的内涵及信息素养教育的重要性,基于对高职医学大学生信息素养教育现状及存在问题进行分析的基础上,提出了改进高职医学生信息素养的措施。%This paper discusses the meaning of information literacy and the importance of information literacy education, and base on the analysis of the status quo of and existing problems in the information literacy education of the higher vocational medical students, puts forward some measures for improving the information literacy of the higher vocational medical students.

  15. 上海崇明国家地质公园的建设与旅游管理现状%Study on Shanghai Chongming National Geological Park Construction and Status quo of Tourism Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王思元

    2009-01-01

    The related concept and construction background of national geological park was briefly discussed. Taking Shanghai Chongming National Geological Park as an example, by describing its tourism resources, potential of development, declaration process and management style, China national geological park's management status quo was summarized. Then some comments and suggestions on management style were put forward.%对国家地质公园的相关概念以及建设背景进行了简要说明.以上海崇明国家地质公园为例,通过描述其旅游资源、开发潜力、申报过程以及管理模式,总结中国国家地质公园的管理现状,并对其管理模式提出一些自己的意见和建议.

  16. CSR与公司财务绩效相关性研究与展望%Relationship Between CSR and Corporate Financial Performance: Overview,Status Quo and Prospect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易冰娜; 韩庆兰

    2012-01-01

    This paper summarizes all the main literatures about the relationship between corporate social responsibility(CSR) and corporate financial performance,analyses the status quo and brings forward the research prospects,so as to enrich China's CSR research from a new angle and put forward some effective suggestions.%对国外CSR与公司财务绩效的相关研究进行了梳理、评述,对研究现状进行了总结,提出了未来的研究展望,从而为我国的CSR研究理清脉络,丰富现有的研究文献,为促进我国公司治理水平的提高提供新的研究角度和有效的建议。

  17. 老龄化社会背景下的老年护理教育现状与伦理学思考%Status quo of geriatric nursing education and ethical thinking under background of aging society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋梅

    2016-01-01

    介绍了国内外老年护理教育的现状,分析了我国老年护理教育存在的问题,从老年护理、社区护理、生命伦理学角度出发,阐述了老年护理的目标。%It introduced the status quo of the geriatric nursing education at home and in abroad,and analyzed the problems existing in the geriatric nursing education in China.It expounded the objectives of the geriatric nursing from the perspective of elderly care,community care and life ethics.

  18. Research status quo of oral cavity cold therapy to prevent oral cavity mucositis caused by chemotherapy%口腔冷疗预防放化疗所致口腔黏膜炎研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆茵; 徐桂华; 金胜姬

    2011-01-01

    综述了口腔冷疗预防放化疗所致口腔黏膜炎研究现状,指出应对口腔冷疗方法、时间及应用范围进行进一步深入分析,以更好地发挥口腔冷疗对放化疗所致口腔黏膜炎的预防作用.%It summarized the research status quo of oral cavity cold therapy to prevent oral cavity mucositis of patients caused by chemotherapy.And it pointed out that method, time and application of oral cavity cold therapy should be further analyzed so as to play a preventive role better in oral cavity mucositis caused by chemotherapy.

  19. Analysis of the status quo of contact space in college dormitory of southern of Fujian coastal region%福建南部沿海高校宿舍交往空间现状浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林小玲

    2012-01-01

    Analyzing the status quo of contact space in college dormitory of southern Fujian coastal region,discussing the practical experience of different types of college dormitory contact space inside and outside the bedroom,dormitory outdoor contact space and design of contact Space overseas,proposing the future development in contact space design of the college dormitory.%通过分析福建南部沿海高校宿舍的交往空间现状,探讨不同类型高校宿舍的卧室内、外交往空间、宿舍区的户外交往空间及国外交往空间等方面的实践经验,提出未来高校宿舍交往空间设计的发展建议。

  20. 护理人员评判性思维能力的现状及其影响因素%Status quo of nurses' critical thinking ability and the influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关云娇

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解护理人员评判性思维能力的现状及其影响因素.方法 对相关文献资料进行整理和总结,分析护理人员评判性思维能力的现状及其影响因素.结果 护理人员评判性思维能力欠缺,其主要影响因素与护理人员的年龄、工作经验、性格特征、生活习惯和教学方法及手段单一有关.结论 在临床实践中,可根据护理人员的不同情况,采用多种形式的教学方法,制订系统完善的评判性思维能力的学习计划,以提高护理人员评判性思维能力.%Objective To investigate the status quo of nurses' critical thinking ability and analyze the influencing factors. Method The author reviewed the relevant literature to summarize status quo of nurses' critical thinking ability and analyze the influencing factors. Result Nurses were not good at critical thinking, which was related with age, work experience, personal traits, individual living habits and teaching methodology. Conclusion We can adopt kinds of teaching methods according to individual conditions of the nursing staff and regulate learning programs for improving critical thinking.

  1. Status Quo and Countermeasures of Essential Drug Bidding Policy in China%我国基本药物招投标政策的实施现状和完善对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玮; 伍林生

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status quo and countermeasure of essential drug bidding policy. METHODS: Through understanding national essential drug bidding policy, based on the status quo of essential drug bidding policy, the problems about essential drug bidding were analyzed. RESULTS: Cost and price are not in balance during the implementation of national essential drug bidding policy, so that some enterprises had to withdraw from competitive bidding and the public were prevent from benefit. CONCLUSION: In the process of essential drugs bidding, the medical problems of "Difficulty and High Cost of Getting Medical Service" can really be resolved by balancing the relationship of quality and price, providing good quality and reasonable price drugs.%目的:探讨基本药物招投标政策的实施现状和完善对策.方法:通过解读国家基本药物招投标政策,着眼于基本药物招投标的实施现状,分析当前基本药物招投标实际操作中存在的问题.结果:国家基本药物招投标政策在推行过程中成本与价格倒挂的尴尬局面,使得一部分企业不得不退出竞标,百姓无法得到真正的实惠.结论:在基本药物招投标实施的过程中,平衡质量与价格的关系,为百姓提供质量优先、价格合理的药物,才有可能真正缓解百姓“看病难,看病贵”的问题.

  2. Curar a Homossexualidade? A Psicopatologia Prática do DSM no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Ingo Lenz Dunker

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We are going to discuss the way that the absorption of the categories in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - DSM infuences psychoterapeutic practices. In order to do that, we¿ll mention the punishment of a psychologist by the Federal Council of Psychology. This professional offered to her patients a treatment that was supposedly able to cure homosexuality. We will talk about this fact from two perspectives. Adopting the premise that mental health is a microcosm in our country and that the absorption of diagnostic systems, such as any form of technology, implies a process of cultural assimilation. We intend to compare some aspects of what we call practical psychopathology inspired by the DSM, in the american mental health system (where it was originated and in the brazilian context of anti-asylum reform. The second perspective intends to examine how DSM is ositioned in the vast field of psycopathology, more specifically on issues related to sexuality, in the context of this practical psychopathology. We conclude that although DSM denies that there are transcendent instances which we can use when the essay is related to the subjects suffering, according to its nominalist and conventionalist proposal, the scientific classifications expressed by this instrument, in topics related to power, is very fragile, particularly in the understanding of the relations between gender, and sexuality in its relation to symptom formation.

  3. Tribunales terapéuticos: vigilar, castigar y/o curar

    OpenAIRE

    Bravo Omar Alejandro

    2002-01-01

    O modelo americano de tribunais para dependentes químicos está em tratativas de implantação pela justiça do Distrito Federal, Brasil. Neste modelo penal, os consumidores de drogas ilegais ficam obrigados a se tratar da sua suposta doença, diagnosticada por uma autoridade judiciária. A recusa em aceitar o tratamento implica uma punição legal. A metodologia empregada para analisar os documentos que descrevem e justificam essas políticas é a análise crítica do discurso que, com um critério herme...

  4. Status Quo, Problems and Countermeasures of Bird Monitoring in China%我国鸟类监测的现状、问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔鹏; 徐海根; 丁晖; 吴军; 曹铭昌; 陈炼

    2013-01-01

    strategies and survey methods.What is more,China mainly focuses on rare and endangered species,which are not representative of the overall status of wild birds,and pays less attention to common wild birds.In most of the surveys,China used the fixed distance line transect method and seldom the variable distance line transect method,which is more precise compared with the former.Based on analysis of the status quo and problems of wild bird monitoring in China,it is suggested that China to build a government-led,multi-stakeholder wild bird monitoring network.The multi-stakeholders should include research institutes,universities,nature reserves,bird-watching associations and volunteers,etc..Standard technical rules for wild bird monitoring should be worked out and published as soon as possible,so that,data collection and analysis can be conducted in a unified way.In terms of sampling strategies and survey methods,it is suggested that stratified random sampling is more proper,because experienced field workers are very limited and not enough for even distribution overall the country.Variable distance line transect method should be used in common landbird monitoring,for example,in habitats like farmland,shrub-steppe and moorland.The method can also be used in monitoring of offshore seabirds and water fowls.The total number counting method can be used in counting colonial water fowls.Under the framework of the national bird monitoring network,some special monitoring programs can be established,such as the bird ringing program and the wild bird avian influenza epidemics monitoring program.China's bird monitoring should combine with cutting-edge scientific issues,such as impacts of global climate change on bird distribution and breeding.New technologies and equipment should be used to improve accuracy of the field survey.The public awareness should be improved and volunteer training should be provided to encourage more and more people to join in the bird monitoring network.

  5. The Status Quo of HR Management in Electricity Enterprise and Improvement Countermeasures——a Case Study of China Southern Power Grid Co., Ltd%国有电力企业人力资源管理现状及提升方案浅析——以南方电网公司为研究实证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨博

    2011-01-01

    尝试以本企业人力资源管理实践过程为实证,阐述国有电力企业人力资源管理的发展历程、现状及困境,并提出可行性改善提升方案.%This essay is about the status quo and the development process of HR management in Chinese electricity enterprise, and the improvement countermeasures.

  6. 基于维持现状偏好理论的信息系统使用决策研究%Decision Mechanism Analysis of Information System Use Based on Status Quo Bias Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李倩; 侯碧梅

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, the researches on information system (IS) continuance use have been increasingly drawing attentions from the academic area. In this paper, we analyze the prior researches on IS continuance from the perspective of decision-making mechanism, resulting in the following three categories. Firstly, rational decision mechanism emphasizes that IS continuance behavior is conscious and rational. While emotional decision mechanism refers to the affects of psychological emotion, feeling and attitude on IS continued use. Lastly, habitual decision mechanism means that IS continuance is a kind of unconscious repetitive behavior. Besides, this paper particularly elaborates on the status quo bias theory in the view of IS use decision mechanism. Based on the explanation of concept, we give detailed examples to illustrate the status quo bias in IS use. Furthermore, the related researches are deeply analyzed to reveal a meaningful reference for the studies in future.%近些年来,信息系统的用户行为研究得到学术界的关注和重视.文章从决策机制的角度分析了现有的关于信息系统持续使用的研究,将用户的信息系统使用决策行为划分为理性决策、情感决策和习惯决策三个阶段.理性决策强调用户持续使用某一信息系统是一种有意识的理性决策行为;情感决策强调用户在使用某一信息系统的过程中形成的情感、感觉和态度等心理感受会影响其持续使用该系统的意愿;习惯决策则意味着用户持续使用某一信息系统是一种无意识的重复行为.文章重点介绍了在信息系统使用中维持现状偏好理论的具体体现,及其对用户使用决策的影响,以期对后续研究提供有益借鉴.

  7. 应用技术型高校工科专业创业教育的现状及对策研究%The status quo and countermeasures of application technology college’s engineering professional entrepreneurship education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雅娴

    2014-01-01

    面临日益严峻的大学生就业形势,应用技术型本科高校如何搞好本科教育的同时,做到“出口畅”,除了传统的就业方式,如考研、找工作、出国外,做好大学生创业教育,很有必要的同时,也是难点,本文分析应用技术型高校的工科专业创业教育的现状,并提出了一些对策。%Facing increasingly severe employment situation, how to improve technology application undergraduate course colleges and universities undergraduate education? In addition to the traditional way of employment, such as one's deceased father grind, looking for a job, a foreign, do a good job in college students' entrepreneurship education, it is necessary, but it is also the difficulty, this paper analyzes the status quo of application technology college of engineering professional entrepreneurship education, and puts forward some countermeasures.

  8. Application status quo of SERVQUAL gap model in nursing service quality evaluation%服务质量差距模型在护理服务质量评价中的应用现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梦娜; 盛孝敏; 王小梅

    2016-01-01

    It expounded the service quality model (SERVQUAL)promoting the continuous improvement of nursing service quality scale in nursing service quality evaluation,to know about the status quo of service,found out the weak links,and explore the influencing factors of the nursing service quality.It suggested that SE-RVQUA model was different from other evaluation methods,and it could evaluate the nursing service quality obj ectively,comprehensively and scientific.%阐述了服务质量差距(SERVQUAL)模型在护理服务质量评价中促进护理服务质量量表的不断改进,了解服务现状、发现薄弱环节,探索护理服务质量影响因素的作用。提示SERVQUAL模型区别于其他评价方法,能够客观、全面、科学评价护理服务质量。

  9. The Status Quo and Measures for the Ecological Industrial Park Constrution for Pingxiang Economic Development Zone%萍乡经济开发区生态工业园建设现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭剑峰

    2011-01-01

    The ecologial industrial park is the third generation industrial park in China,representing the direction and trends of the park development.It is the specific realizing model of cycling economy,and reflects the characters of new industrializatin and the demands of sustainable development strategy.This paper analysed the status quo of the Ecological Industrial Park Constrution for Pingxiang Economic Development Zone,and further analysed the main problems existing in the park development,and gave specific improvement measures,and therefore promoted the construction development for the Ecological Industrial Park Constrution for Pingxiang Economic Development Zone.%生态工业园区是我国第三代产业园区,代表了园区发展的方向和趋势,是循环经济的具体实现模式,体现了新型工业化特征及可持续发展战略的要求。本文在对萍乡经济开发区生态工业园区建设现状进行分析的基础上,分析了园区发展中存在的主要问题,并提出了具体的改进措施,从而促进萍乡经济开发区生态工业园的建设发展。

  10. 美国及欧洲的医疗卫生服务体系现状分析%Status quo of the medical service systems in the USA and Europe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Carola Fink-Anthe; 凌栋; 方红娟

    2009-01-01

    An introduction to the status quo of the healthcare system,medical fund raising practice,medical insurance coverage,healthcare delivery,and healthcare administration in the UK,Germany and USA.Focusing on problems found in these healthcare systems and reform actions to take,the paper Came up with fundamental principles for healthcare reforms as reference to reforms in China's heahhcare system.%介绍了英国、德国和美国近年来的医疗卫生体系、医疗费用筹集制度、医疗保险覆盖程度、卫生服务提供情况和医疗管理体制现状,重点论述了各医疗卫生体系存在的问题和目前的改革措施,提出医疗卫生改革的基本原则,以期为我国的医疗体制改革提供借鉴.

  11. 长江大学外国留学生教育现状分析与对策研究%The Education of International Students in Yangtze University:Status Quo and Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫永东

    2012-01-01

    The upcoming years are the vital period for Yangtze University to develop its education of international students.The past three years witnessed the rapid increase of the international student number in the university which has brought in kinds of problems.This paper tries an analysis of the status quo of the education of international students,including university management,recruitment,teaching and logistic service and points out some problems.Strategies for the sustainable development of the education are put forward to deal with the problems.%长江大学外国留学生教育正在经历重要的发展机遇期。随着在校留学生规模不断扩大,各类矛盾和问题不断呈现。通过对留学生教育在学校层面、招生方面、教学方面以及后勤服务方面的现状分析,找出了一些问题,并提出解决问题的相应对策。

  12. Development status quo of critical thinking in nursing education in abroad%评判性思维在国外护理教育中的发展现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣倩; 尹安春

    2014-01-01

    It summarized the connotation of critical thinking in the for-eign literatures,analyzed the development status quo of critical thinking in nursing education in abroad.It focused on expounding the critical thinking related curriculum set up,difficulties and obstacles during criti-cal thinking teaching and teaching methods and strategies of critical thinking training,so as to provide enlightenment and evidences for the cultivation of critical thinking in nursing education in China.%总结了国外文献中评判性思维的含义,分析了评判性思维在国外护理教育中的发展现状,重点阐述了与评判性思维相关的课程设置、评判性思维教学过程中的困境与障碍及评判性思维培养的教学方法和策略,为我国护理教育中评判性思维的培养提供启示和依据。

  13. 物联网时代的高等教育现状与对策分析%Analysis of Status Quo of Higher Education in the Age of "The Internet of things" and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈清利

    2012-01-01

    "The Internet of things" is the third wave in world information industry after computer technology and network technology. Its drastic rise and rapid development have attracted the highest attention from all nations, all levels of governments, and production, academy and research circles. By discussion on connotation of "The Internet of things", its characteristics and research status both home and abroad, and by analysis of the status quo of higher education in this age and the countermeasures to be taken, proposals may be made to teaching reform and the development of higher education.%物联网是继计算机技术、网络技术之后世界信息产业掀起的第三次浪潮,它的短期升温和急速发展引起世界各国、各级政府、产学研各界的高度重视。通过讨论物联网内涵、特征及国内外研究现状,详细分析物联网时代高等教育所面临的现状以及应该采取的应对策略,旨在为教学改革和高等教育的发展献言献策。

  14. 高校艺术公选课现状透视下的课程创新建构思路%Ideas on Innovative Curriculum Construction in the Perspective of the Status Quo of Art Electives at Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓维明

    2014-01-01

    公共艺术课程是我国高等教育课程体系的重要组成部分,以当下高校公共艺术教育课程设置、教学和管理的现状为背景,结合公选课选"与学"的问题,探讨课程体系建构思路,研究学科建设和地方资源在艺术课程开发利用等方面的对策。%Public art course is an important part of the curriculum system of higher-learning institutions in China . This paper analyzes the current public art curriculum on the basis of the status quo of management problems at universities , probes the thought of constructing curriculum system in consideration of the problems related to selecting " and learning " the courses and studies countermeasures to incorporate discipline construction and local resources in the development and implementation of art courses .

  15. 汽车品牌4S店的现状分析与前景展望%Status Quo Analysis and Prospects of the Automotive 4S Stores

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴江

    2009-01-01

    文中首先对汽车品牌4S店的现状进行分析,指出4S店在建设实施过程中的优、劣势.针对克服劣势的对策,从战略和战术的角度提出了解决思路.再对汽车品牌4S店的发展前景进行了展望,在明确4S店发展呈现集团化趋势的基础上,提出了"服务是核心,品牌是目标;关注售后环节,体现增值服务"的观点,并以实例进行了论证.%Status quo of the automotive 4S stores is ana-lyzed, and the advantage and disadvantage in the construction process of 4S stores is pointed out. The solution idea to overcome the disadvantage from the point view of strategic and tactical is put forward. Then, the future development of the automotive 4S stores is prospected. It is clearly indicated that the development of 4S stores is in the trend of grouping, based on which the point of view of " Service is the core, branding is the goal; Concern about the after -sales to reflect the value - added services " is pointed out, and example is given to validate it.

  16. 我国职业运动俱乐部企业社会责任现状及趋势研究%On the Status Quo and Trend of Social Responsibility of Corporate Professional Sports Clubs in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彩平

    2014-01-01

    通过对企业社会责任研究为切入点,对我国职业运动俱乐部企业社会责任的研究现状进行了分析,认为我国体育学者对职业运动俱乐部企业社会责任虽然进行了深入的研究,但从研究现状分析仍然存在着研究范围较窄,研究成果多集中在理论方面,对企业社会责任具体实施的法律保障机制的研究不足。并提出未来研究重点与方向。%The status quo of research on corporate social responsibility of professional sports clubs in Chi -na is analyzed in this paper, and it is considered that the Chinese sports scholars have carried out the thorough research on professional sports club 's corporate social responsibility , but the research scope is still narrow, the results of the study are more concentrated in the theory , lack of research on the legal protection mechanism of the specific implementation of corporate social responsibility .The future research emphasis and direction are put forward .

  17. Research progress on status quo of dysarthria in patients with Wilson’s disease and nursing care of it%Wilson病构音障碍的研究现状及护理进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金艳; 喻绪恩; 王训; 韩咏竹

    2016-01-01

    分析了 Wilson病(WD)构音障碍的研究现状,从摄食护理、言语训练护理、声音响度护理、口部运动护理、音乐疗法、心理护理方面总结了 WD病人构音障碍的有效护理方法,提出只有采取有效的、科学的护理干预措施,才能提高病人的生活质量。%It analyzed the research status quo of dysarthria in patients with Wilson’s disease,summarized the ef-fective nursing method of dysarthria from aspects of feeding care,speech training care,loudness care,care oral sports,music therapy and psychological care.It put forward that only the effective and scientific nursing inter-ventions were accepted,the quality of life of patients would be improved.

  18. The Analysis of the Status Quo of and Approaches to Specially Contracted Teachers' Professional Development in Western Rural Areas%西部农村特岗教师专业发展的现状及途径探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴洪亮; 罗利群

    2012-01-01

    Based on teachers' professional development theory and integrating the particularities of western rural education,the paper probes into the status quo of specially contracted teachers' professional development in four aspects: the establishment of teachers' professional ideals,the expansion of professional knowledge,the development of professional skills and the formation of professional self and then proposes the developing approaches: preliminary preparations for teaching education,the pre-and on-the-job and self-education.%在教师专业发展理论基础上,结合西部农村教育的特殊性,从特岗教师专业理想的建立、专业知识的拓展、专业能力的发展、专业自我的形成四方面探析其专业发展的现状,进而提出了发展途径:师范教育的前期准备,特岗教师的入职和在职培训,特岗教师的自我教育。

  19. Analysis on Status quo and Development Trend of Cold Chain Logistics in China%我国冷链物流现状与发展趋势探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁飞

    2012-01-01

    As a high-tech cryogenic system engineering,cold chain logistics has become a part of our daily life,thus we should speed up our efforts in this aspect.With respect to its hardware facilities,software levels,scale of development and commercialize degree,this paper is going to analyze the status quo of cold chain logistics in China and trying to find out its development trend along with experience gained from developed countries.%冷链物流作为一种高科技含量的低温系统工程,已走进了我们的生活,必须加速建设。从我国冷链物流的硬件设施、软件水平、发展规模、市场化程度等方面阐述了我国冷链物流的发展现状,并结合国外发达国家的冷链物流发展现状,提出了我国冷链物流的发展趋势。

  20. Research Status Quo of Perfusion Imaging with Multidetector Row Computed Tomography on Esophageal Cancer%食管癌多层螺旋CT灌注成像研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天武; 董志辉

    2011-01-01

    食管癌是常见的恶性肿瘤之一.多层螺旋CT 灌注成像作为一种无创手段,可以在活体状态下评价其微循环.近年来,CT 灌注成像在食管癌的微循环评价、放化疗的疗效判断方面取得进展.本文着重综述多层螺旋CT灌注成像技术在食管癌中的应用研究现状.%Esophageal cancer is one of frequent malignant tumors worldwide. As a noninvasive technique. computed tomography (CT) perfusion imaging could be valuable to assess the microcirculation of esophageal cancer in uivo.Recently, multidetector row CT ( MDCT) perfusion imaging has sparked new interest in the assessment of the microcirculation of esophageal cancer, and therapeutic effects of chemoradiotherapy on this tumor. In this paper, we reviewed the status quo of perfusion imaging with MDCT on esophageal cancer.

  1. Research status quo of influencing factors and coping strategies of nurses'job burnout%护士职业倦怠影响因素及应对措施的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王佳琪; 刘迎春

    2015-01-01

    It expounded the status quo of nurse's job burnout.It reviewed the research progress on the influen-cing factors and coping strategies from self factors,environment factors and occupational factors.It pointed out that job burnout could cause a series of problems in the psychological,emotional,family and professional as-pects.Hospital managers should take appropriate interventions to prevent and reduce the generation of nurses’ burnout starting from main influencing factors,to stabilize nursing team and improve the quality of nursing service.%阐述护士职业倦怠现状,从自身因素、环境因素、职业因素综述护士职业倦怠影响因素及应对措施的研究进展,指出职业倦怠可造成护士心理、情感、家庭和专业等方面一系列的问题,医院管理者应从倦怠产生的主要影响因素着手,采取适当的干预措施,预防和减轻护士倦怠的产生,稳定护理团队,提高护理服务质量。

  2. 典型牧区“四化”同步发展的历史与现状评价%On the History and the Status Quo of Synchronous Development of Sihua in Typical Pasturing Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩柱

    2014-01-01

    The patural area in Inner Mongolia is important part of the patural areas in China .In the construction of well‐off society ,in synchronous development of Sihua (industrialization ,urbanization ,in‐formatization and agricultural modernization ) ,we should not neglect the patural area in Inner Mongolia . By analyzing and assessing the history and the status quo of the development of Sihua in pasturing Areas , this article gives some suggestions on increasing the synchronous development of Sihua in patural areas .%内蒙古牧区是中国牧区的重要组成部分,是新世纪全面建设小康社会,实现工业化、城镇化、信息化和农业现代化同步发展不可忽视的地区。本文通过分析评价牧区“四化”发展历史与现状,提出了加快牧区“四化”同步发展的对策建议。

  3. 基于PubMed数据库国外慢性病管理研究的现状分析%Analysis of the status quo of foreign chronic disease management research based on PubMed database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娜; 崔文香

    2014-01-01

    This article selects chronic disease management research of academic literatures published in the national library in PubMed database from January 2000 to December 2013.Literature Bicomb co-occurrence analysis system was used for data extraction,analysis on the current international research achievements of chronic disease management,development situation and existing problems,reveal the research trend of chronic disease management and the status quo,which provided reference for the similar domestic research.%本文选取美国国立图书馆PubMed数据库中2000年1月至2013年12月公开发表的慢性病管理研究的学术文献,运用文献共现分析系统Bicomb进行数据提取,分析目前国际上慢性病管理的研究成果、发展状况及现存问题,揭示慢性病管理的研究趋势和现状,旨在为国内的同类研究提供参考.

  4. Atividade eletromiográfica do vasto medial oblíquo em portadoras da síndrome da dor patelofemoral Electromyographyc activity of the vastus medialis oblique muscle in female patients with patellofemoral syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sâmia Najara Freitas Bessa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A síndrome da dor patelofemoral (SDPF é uma das afecções que mais acometem a articulação do joelho. Embora sua etiologia não seja completamente conhecida, uma disfunção do músculo vasto medial oblíquo (VMO tem sido apontada como possível fator desencadeante. Este estudo visou avaliar, por meio de eletromiografia, se algum exercício, dentre dez exercícios resistidos usuais, produz ativação seletiva do VMO, com vistas a sua utilização clínica. Vinte voluntárias do sexo feminino, sendo dez com SDPF (24,7±4,35 anos e dez saudáveis, controle (22,5±1,58 anos, foram submetidas à avaliação eletromiográfica dos músculos VMO, vasto lateral longo e vasto lateral oblíquo (VLO durante a realização de 10 exercícios, incluindo cadeia cinética aberta e fechada, em diferentes angulações do joelho e posições do quadril. Os resultados mostram que nenhum dos exercícios se revelou seletivo para o VMO, tendo alguns mostrado ativação seletiva do VLO. No grupo com SDPF observou-se menor atividade eletromiográfica de todos os vastos em oito dos dez exercícios propostos, quando comparado ao controle; observou-se ainda, no grupo SDPF, menor relação VMO/VLO (0,63 do que no grupo controle (0,82, pThe patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS is among the most common knee pathologies. Although its etiology is not fully known, a dysfunction of the vastus medialis oblique (VMO muscle has been pointed out as a possible cause. This study aimed at assessing, by means of electromyography, whether one or more, among ten usual resisted exercises, might produce VMO selective activation, in view of its clinic application. Twenty female volunteers, ten with PFPS (aged 24.7±4.35 and ten healthy ones (aged 22.5±1.58 were submitted to electromyographic evaluation of VMO, vastus lateralis longus and vastus lateralis oblique (VLO muscles during ten exercises, including open and closed kinetic chain, at different degrees of knee flexion and of hip

  5. Analysis of the Status Quo of Land Exploitation in Shizhu County of Chongqing Based on GIS%基于GIS的重庆市石柱县土地利用现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨沁汶; 安祺; 谢莹; 杨盼; 张建军

    2012-01-01

    Based on the data of land survey of Shizhu County of Chongqing in 2010,by using GIS technology,this paper selects land exploitation data to make systematic analysis of the status quo of land exploitation in Shizhu County from such three aspects as quantity and structure,spatial structure and exploitation intensity of land,and the results show that the forest land in Shizhu County is the largest,which is mainly distributed at the east region of the studied area,that arable land is the second largest,which is mainly located at northwest region and southwest region,that forest land,arable land and grass land account for 88.35 percent of the total land area of the County,and that land exploitation difference of each town is big and the overall land exploitation level is low.%以重庆市石柱县2010年土地调查变更数据为基础,利用GIS技术,选取土地利用指数,从土地利用的数量结构、空间结构和利用强度3个方面,对石柱县的土地利用现状进行了系统分析。结果表明:石柱县的林地最多,主要分布在研究区的东部;其次是耕地,主要分布在西北角和西南角;林地、耕地和草地3种地类占全县土地面积的88.35%;各乡镇土地利用程度差异大,总体利用水平较低。

  6. Production Status Quo of Ecological Organic Tobacco and Its Developing Strategies%我国生态有机烟叶生产现状及发展对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁伟; 齐永杰; 邓宾玲; 韦建玉; 孙建生

    2013-01-01

    介绍了生态有机烟叶的概念和国内外生产概况,在分析生态有机烟叶具有外观质量、化学成分的协调性、评吸质量和安全性等优势的前提下,针对我国目前生态有机烟叶生产中存在的烟叶质量安全意识不高、生产技术标准不规范、商品有机肥成本较高、烟叶产量不高等问题,提出了开发生态有机烟叶要选择优良的生态环境、加大科技投入、实行标准化生产、提高产量等对策。%The concept of ecological organic tobacco and its production status quo in China and abroad were reviewed at first. Then, the advantages of ecological organic tobacco were analyzed, including appearance quality, coordination of chemical components, smoking quality and safety. But there were also some problems in production, such as weak safety awareness in tobacco quality, no standardized production techniques, relatively high cost of commercial organic fertilizer, and low tobacco yield. In the end, the developing strategies for ecological organic tobacco were put forward, including choosing great ecological environment, increasing technical input, applying standardized production, and increasing yield.

  7. Combined PET/MRI: from Status Quo to Status Go. Summary Report of the Fifth International Workshop on PET/MR Imaging; February 15-19, 2016; Tübingen, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, D L; Pichler, B J; Gückel, B; Barthel, H; Beer, A J; Botnar, R; Gillies, R; Goh, V; Gotthardt, M; Hicks, R J; Lanzenberger, R; la Fougere, C; Lentschig, M; Nekolla, S G; Niederdraenk, T; Nikolaou, K; Nuyts, J; Olego, D; Riklund, K Åhlström; Signore, A; Schäfers, M; Sossi, V; Suminski, M; Veit-Haibach, P; Umutlu, L; Wissmeyer, M; Beyer, T

    2016-10-01

    This article provides a collaborative perspective of the discussions and conclusions from the fifth international workshop of combined positron emission tomorgraphy (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that was held in Tübingen, Germany, from February 15 to 19, 2016. Specifically, we summarise the second part of the workshop made up of invited presentations from active researchers in the field of PET/MRI and associated fields augmented by round table discussions and dialogue boards with specific topics. This year, this included practical advice as to possible approaches to moving PET/MRI into clinical routine, the use of PET/MRI in brain receptor imaging, in assessing cardiovascular diseases, cancer, infection, and inflammatory diseases. To address perceived challenges still remaining to innovatively integrate PET and MRI system technologies, a dedicated round table session brought together key representatives from industry and academia who were engaged with either the conceptualisation or early adoption of hybrid PET/MRI systems. Discussions during the workshop highlighted that emerging unique applications of PET/MRI such as the ability to provide multi-parametric quantitative and visual information which will enable not only overall disease detection but also disease characterisation would eventually be regarded as compelling arguments for the adoption of PET/MR. However, as indicated by previous workshops, evidence in favour of this observation is only growing slowly, mainly due to the ongoing inability to pool data cohorts from independent trials as well as different systems and sites. The participants emphasised that moving from status quo to status go entails the need to adopt standardised imaging procedures and the readiness to act together prospectively across multiple PET/MRI sites and vendors.

  8. 论公共部门人力资源管理者职业化的现状与路径%Status Quo and Way of Professionalism of Human Resource Managers in Public Sector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄婷婷

    2011-01-01

    公共部门人力资源管理者的素质高低对公共部门形象和职能的实现以及人民群众生活质量有着重要影响,因而提高公共部门人力资源管理者的素质,就必须走职业化道路;我国目前公共部门人力资源管理者的素质和现状已经不适应我国由人力资源大国向人力资源强国转变的需要;必须通过建立健全职业资格认证制度,加强职业道德塑造良好的职业形象,注重自身职业生涯的开发与管理等途径实现.%The quality level of human resource managers in public sector is important to the image of public sector, functional realization and quality of people's life. So. we must take the professional road to improve human resource managers' quality in public sector. And, now, human resource managers' quality and status quo in public sector no longer meet the needs of China's human resources transformation. We must establish and improve the professional qualification certification system,strengthen professional ethics to create a good professional image, pay attention to their own career development and management.

  9. 小学高年级学业质量评价现状、问题及原因研究%On the Status Quo,Problems and Causes of Academic Quality Evaluation of Senior Grades of Primary School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓彬

    2015-01-01

    With the further development of the comprehensive reform of education in our country,aca-demic quality and the all-around development has been the core of comprehensive evaluation of education quality.Academic quality evaluation is an important part of education quality evaluation,which is both a familiar field for educational staff and a difficult problem in the comprehensive evaluation reform of educa-tion quality.Based on the investigation and interview of the status quo of academic quality evaluation of high grade students in primary schools,researchers clarify the current situation of academic quality evalua-tion of high grade students in primary schools,expose the problems and conduct attribution analysis.%近年来,随着我国教育综合改革的深入发展,重视学业质量,强调学生的全面发展已成为教育质量综合评价的核心。学业质量评价是教育质量评价的重要组成部分,它是教育工作者比较熟悉的领域,也是进行教育质量综合评价改革的难点所在。本研究在对小学高年级学生学业质量评价现状进行调查和访谈的基础上,梳理出目前小学高年级学业质量评价现状,揭示其存在的问题,并进行归因分析。

  10. 湖南省农业野生植物资源现状与保护管理对策%Status Quo of Agricultural Wild Plant Resources in Hunan Province and Its Protecting and Administrating Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖顺勇; 陈欣欣; 徐阜良; 周建成; 张梦; 尹丽辉

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural wild plant resources and its endangered status quo in Hunan province were introduced at first. Then, the progresses in the protection of agricultural wild plants in Hunan province were expounded, and then the problems existing in its protection and management were analyzed, including protecting cognition needs to be improved; scientific research needs to be strengthened; financial input should be increased. Based on these, some countermeasures and suggestions for protection of agricultural wild plant resources in Hunan province were put forward, such as carrying out general survey and knowing resources; doing a good advertising and improving cognitions; doing monitoring and warning and understanding dynamics; making a layers of protection and establishing a grading area;perfecting system and strengthening supervision; scientifically researching and rationally using.%介绍了湖南省农业野生植物资源及其濒危现状,阐述了湖南省农业野生植物保护工作进展,分析了湖南省农业野生植物保护管理存在保护意识有待提高、科学研究有待加强、财政投入有待加大等问题,在此基础上,提出了开展普查,掌握家底;抓好宣传,提升意识;监测预警,掌握动态;层层保护,分级建区;完善制度,强化监管;科学研究,合理利用等湖南省农业野生植物资源保护的对策和建议。

  11. 云南省医疗机构制剂注册申报现状浅析%Analysis on Status Quo of Registration and Declaration of Pharmaceutical Preparations in Medical Institutions of Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万玫; 杨继红

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the registration and declaration for pharmaceutical preparations in medical institutions. METHODS: The status quo of the registration and declaration for pharmaceutical preparations were analyzed in medical institutions of Yunnan province during 2005 -2011. The common problems of registration dossier were summarized. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: The basic test data is not standardized in the declaration for pharmaceutical preparations in medical institutions, such as insufficient prescription and technology research, quality risk of preparation, neglected stability test, deficiency of pharma-codynamics study, toxicity and safety evaluation, etc. It is suggested to develop the registration and declaration for new pharmaceutical preparations by strengthening research collaboration and abiding by technical guidelines.%目的:为医疗机构制剂新品种注册申报提供参考.方法:对2005年至2011年云南省医疗机构制剂申报情况及注册审评工作现状进行分析,总结申报资料中普遍存在的问题.结果与结论:目前医院制剂申报中普遍存在基础性试验资料不规范如处方及工艺研究不足,制剂质量控制存在隐患,不重视稳定性试验考察,缺乏药效学研究、毒性和安全性评价等情况.建议申报人通过加强科研协作、并按相关技术指导原则进行新品种注册申报工作.

  12. 助产士主导模式在产前照护中的发展现状及展望%Development status quo and prospect of midwives leading mode in prenatal care

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱嵘; 周倩; 杨湘妹

    2016-01-01

    It summarized the status quo of developing prenatal care model both at home and abroad,it empha-sized to review the advantages,influencing factors of implementations and effect of prenatal care in the midwives leading model.Previous research focus on how to provide perinatal continuity of midwifery service model,but lack of research on prenatal care model for midwives.The mode of prenatal care for midwives has remarkable advantages in improving health status of pregnant women and birth outcomes,and all pregnant women should enjoy individual,continuous prenatal care provided by professional midwives.It is proposed that setting up the obstetric service guide and establishing the system of emergency plan to deal with the process.%综述国内外产前照护模式开展现状,着重回顾助产士主导模式下的产前照护的优势、具体实施及效果影响因素。现有研究多集中在如何提供围生期连续性助产服务模式上,缺乏针对助产士主导的产前照护模式的研究。助产士主导的产前照护模式在改善孕妇健康状态及分娩结局方面有显著优势,所有孕妇均应享受由专业助产士提供的个体化、连续性产前照护。提出应制定产科服务指南及建立系统的紧急预案处理流程。

  13. 民办小学体育教学条件现状探究——以惠城区小学为例%The Investigation of the Status Quo of the PE Teaching in Private Primary Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪浩; 李让代

    2012-01-01

    By using the methods of documentary, questionnaire investigation, on - the - spot investigation, interview and mathematical statistics,the basic situation of sports teaching condition, general development situation and teaching status of 5 private elementary schools in Huizhou. The results show that, the sources of students of the civilian - run elementary schools are different from those of the public elementary schools in Huicheng District , the teachers strength is in relative shortage, the sports funds is in lack, the sports equip- ments are not complete enough, the sports curriculum settings are not comparatively reasonable, and the status quo of the PE teaching is not optimistic. And 4 suggestions are proposed. This research has practical significance to the promotion of the development of the PE teaching of the private elementary schools in Huizhou.%运用文献资料法、问卷调查法、实地考察及访谈法、数理统计法,以城区5所民办小学为对象,对其体育教学条件的基本情况、发展概况、教学现状等方面进行调查探究,结果表明:惠城区民办小学的生源与公办小学不同;体育师资力量相对不足;体育专项经费欠缺;场地器材设备不齐全;体育课周课时数不足且常被挪用;体育教学现状不容乐观,对此提出4条建议。本研究对促进惠州市民办小学体育教学的发展有重要的现实意义。

  14. 我国医师多点执业的现状及政策问题确认%Status Quo and Confirmation of Policy Issues on Multi-site Physician Practice in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔辉

    2011-01-01

    Objective To definite the status quo and to ensure policy issues on the multi-site physician practice in China. Methods Combining qualitative research with quantitative research. Results The policy of the multi-site physician practice is a pilot project in China at present and the stockholders have different views on it. The pilot project is faced with several policy issues, such as reform of personnel system, medical quality assurance, medical dispute management and so on. Conclusion The policy of multi-site physician practice is an important measure that has been taken to optimize allocation of resources, mobilize the initiative of medical personnel, and promote the transform of public hospital. Meanwhile, we should tamp the foundation, plan effectively, strengthen the regulation, deepen the reform of personnel system and promote the policy step by step.%目的 明确我国医师多点执业的现状,并进行政策问题确认.方法 定性研究与定量研究相结合.结果 当前我国医师多点执业政策尚处于试点推行阶段,各方反响不一;政策的推行面临一系列诸如人事制度、医疗质量保障和医疗争议追究等体制、机制上的政策问题.结论 推行医师多点执业政策是优化资源配置、调动医务人员的积极性、推动公立医院改革的重要举措,但需夯实基础、合理规划、加强监督,逐步深化人事制度改革,促进政策的稳步推行.

  15. Status Quo of Small and Micro Rural Financial Services Personnel Training and Its Countermeasures%农村小微型金融服务人才培养的现状与对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周丽华

    2012-01-01

    With the progressive advance of the new village construction, small and micro businesses in rural areas continue to blossom and grow, but in financial services, rural finance cannot effectively meet the financial needs of small and micro rural economies. National policies and rural economic development are an urgent need to adapt to small and micro rural financial industry, yet the shortage of financial personnel constitutes a serious impediment to the financial services in the rural economy, hindering the healthy development of rural finance and rural economy. Targeted at the status quo of rural financial personnel, the paper offers the corresponding countermeasures against the problem in question from the perspectives of the personnel training environment, vectors and methods of small and micro rural financial organizations.%随着新农村建设的不断推进,小微型企业在农村不断发展壮大,但在金融服务方面,农村金融不能有效满足农村小微型经济体的金融需求.国家政策和农村经济的发展迫切需要适应农村的小微型金融产业,但目前的农村小微型金融人才缺失严重阻碍了金融服务在农村经济中发挥作用,制约了农村金融和农村经济的健康发展.针对农村金融人才现状,从农村小微型金融人才培养的环境、载体和方法等方面提出了相应的对策.

  16. 唐山城市旅游形象的现状调研与分析%Research and Analysis of the Status Quo of Tangshan City Tourism Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青; 邢峰

    2013-01-01

    The current urban tourism in China is highly competitive. Urban tourism image has become a key element of urban competitiveness. The implementation of urban tourism image strategy is the inevitable choice for the development of the tourism industry. In recent years, Tangshan tourism industry has a rapid development, but lags behind in the construction of urban tourism image. This thesis investigates and analyzes the status quo of the Tangshan city tourism image from the aspects of overall image of the city, the construction of tourism infrastructure, tourism resources and features, appearance and environmental image. It also puts forward some recommendations to strengthen the building of Tangshan city tourism image.%  当前我国城市旅游业的竞争非常激烈,城市旅游形象已经成为城市竞争力的关键要素,实施城市旅游形象战略是发展旅游业的必然选择。近年来唐山旅游产业迅速发展,但在城市旅游形象建设方面比较滞后。本文从城市总体形象、旅游基础设施建设、旅游资源与特色、市容环境形象等方面调查和分析了唐山城市旅游形象的现状,并提出了加强唐山城市旅游形象建设的建议。

  17. NBA罚球命中率现状及训练方法探讨%An Exploration into the Status quo of NBA Penalty Hit Rate and Training Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王飞

    2012-01-01

    In the NBA games,the win-or-lose scenes by penalty line are becoming more and more,and the penalty hit rate counts most.By means of literature and video,we have conducted an investigation into the status quo of penalty hit rate in NBA games,and the findings show that the penalty hit rate in NBA games is very hard to improve and the main reason is that coaches do not attach importance to it.Owing to the reasons mentioned above,the author assumes that the method of combing suggestive training and self-suggestion should be applied to train players to form the good habit of penalty,helping the players to set confidence and to improve the penalty hit rate in games.%在NBA比赛中,罚球线上决定比赛胜负的场面是越来越多,罚球命中率则尤为关键。通过文献和视频资料法对NBA罚球命中率的现状进行分析,发现NBA的罚球命中率一直难以提高,而主要原因在于教练不够重视。针对此因,拟注重运用暗示训练和自我暗示相结合的训练方法,培养球员形成良好的罚球习惯,树立自信心,提升在比赛中的罚球命中率。

  18. Publication of Business English Textbooks:Status Quo and a Comparative Analysis%当前商务英语教材的出版现状分析和比较综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晴

    2015-01-01

    本文调查了目前市场上的商务英语教材概况.选取主流出版社的六本商务英语教材,对其立体化程度、编写原则、单元主题和内容、练习设计等方面进行比较和分析.通过上述调查和分析,笔者发现首先国外引进版教材有主题设计连续性和故事性强、输入类型丰富、输出练习设计层次性分明等优点;其次针对非商务英语专业的商务英语教材编写尚不完善.因此今后的商务英语教材编写须要综合考虑语言能力、商务知识应用、沟通策略三大教学目标,丰富输入材料的形式和内容.%This paper surveys the business English textbooks on the current market and depicts the status quo. Through the com-parisons and analysis it's discovered that imported textbooks do better in terms of continuity of the story, variety of input as well as the step-up activities. It's also discovered the business English textbooks oriented to non-English majors lag far behind. When compiling BE textbooks language skills, communicative strategies and business know-how are three pillars.

  19. Investigation of Developmental Status Quo of Cold Water Fishes Aquaculture in Shanxi Province%山西冷水性鱼类养殖发展现状调研

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于振海; 丁建华; 靖莹; 陈有光

    2011-01-01

    Through the spot investigation of aquaculture area, yield, aquaculture varieties and aquaculture mode for cold water fishes in Shanxi province, the status quo of cold water fishes aquaculture in Shanxi province were analyzed. According to the domestic and foreign development condition of cold water fishes, the aquaculture experience and natural resources in Shanxi province, it is suggested that the construction of healthy aquaculture system should be pushed forward from the aspects of water cycle, breeding of improved variety, disease prevention and nutrition feed, and some advices were proposed to exploit the development potential of cold water fishes by carrying out industry access system, brand strategy and establishing cooperative organization of cold water fishes.%通过对山西境内冷水性鱼类的养殖面积、产量、养殖品种、养殖模式的实地调研,分析了山西省冷水性鱼类养殖现状.根据国内外冷水性鱼类发展状况、省域内的自然资源条件以及养殖经验,建议从循环水养殖、良种选育、病害防治及营养饲料等方面推进健康养殖体系建设,提出通过实行冷水鱼养殖准入制度、实施品牌战略、建立冷水鱼发展合作组织等三方面挖掘冷水鱼发展潜力.

  20. 护士职业幸福感现状及对开展优质护理服务的影响%Status quo of career happiness of nurses and its influence on carrying out high quality of nursing service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张茜; 张素霞; 易巧云

    2013-01-01

    It reviewed the concept of career happiness, status quo of nurses' satisfaction and subjective well - being,and analyzed the influence of career happiness of nurses on carrying out high quality of nursing service, and it thought that both influenced each other, promoted each other.%对职业幸福感概念、护士满意度和主观幸福感的现状进行了综述,分析护士职业幸福感对开展优质护理服务的影响,认为二者相互影响、相互促进.

  1. The Status Quo and Reflections of Chinese Traditional Music in Music Teaching of Contemporary Colleges and Universities%传统音乐在当代中国高等院校音乐专业教学中的现状与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋玲

    2013-01-01

    The western professional music educational pattern over one hundred years makes Chinese music education the overall lacking state of the triple thinking patterns for local traditional music, Chinese traditional music and world national music. This article, explains the status quo of music teaching in contemporary colleges and universities, analyzes the rea-sons of the starus quo, tries to explore the countermeasures to solve the problem, in order to promote the development of Chinese traditional music.%  一百多年的西方专业音乐教育模式,让中国音乐教育在总体上存在着严重缺失。对中国传统音乐在当代高等院校音乐专业教学中现状进行,分析、探索解决问题的对策,促进中国传统音乐在当代的发展。

  2. 我国高校信息公开网站建设现状调查与优化对策%Survey of the Status Quo of Construction and Optimizing Countermeasures of University Information Dis- closure' s Website in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马海群; 吕红

    2012-01-01

    为了解我国高校信息公开网站建设现状,采用网络调查法,对2417所高等学校的信息公开网站进行调研。将我国高校信息公开网站建设情况归纳为外部、内在、依申请公开、用户及网络效应五大属性进行阐述,并分析高校信息公开网站存在的问题,提出相关优化建议。研究结果可为我国高校信息公开网站的研究和实践提供指导和借鉴。%In order to understand the construction status quo of university information disclosure websites in China, this paper makes a study of 2 417 websites of university information disclosure through method of online survey. The author expounds the construction status quo of the university information disclosure websites for external, internal, according to apply for public, user and network effect five properties, makes an analysis of the existing problems of the websites, and puts forward the optimizing countermeasures. The empirical results can provide guidance and reference for research and practice of university information disclosure' s website in China.

  3. 临床护理人员护理继续教育现状分析%Analysis of the status quo of nursing continuing education for clinical nursing staff

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐莎莎; 尼春萍; 吕美娜; 郭明贤; 张银铃; 黄叶莉; 马金凤; 邵佩

    2011-01-01

    Objective : To analyze the status quo of continuing education of clinical nursing staff,to know about the influencing factors of nursing continuing education, so as to provide evidences for scientific unfolding continuing education. Methods: A total of 2 727 clinical nursing staff from 10 comprehensive hospitals in China were selected randomly and were investigated anonymously by adopting the "clinical nursing staff continuing education questionnaire ".All data were analyzed in delineation by adopting SPSS software package. Results:More then 92.0% nursing staff recognized the necessity and importance of nursing continuing education and 90.1% nursing staff thought that the objective of nursing continuing education was to obtain knowledge and upgrade their skills. Factors influencing nursing staff to take part in nursing continuing education mainly included insufficient energy and time( 68. 7 %) ,insufficient opportunities(48. 6%) and funds problems(44.5%). Conclusion: To update concept, to strengthen recognition and scientific coordination,to stimulate power and to expand channels,so as to achieve the ultimate goal of nursing continuing education.%[目的]分析临床护理人员继续教育的现状,了解护理继续教育的影响因素,为科学开展继续教育提供依据.[方法]随机抽取国内10所综合医院临床护理人员2 727人,使用"临床护理人员继续教育问卷"进行调查.[结果]92.0%以上的护理人员认识到护理继续教育的必要性和重要性,90.1%护理人员护理继续教育的目的是荻取知识、提升技能,影响其参加护理继续教育的因素主要是精力和时间不足(68.7%)、机会欠缺(48.6%)及经费问题(44.5%).[结论]更新观念、强化认识,科学统筹、激发动力,拓宽渠道、突出实效,切实达到护理继续教育的最终目的.

  4. ICU护士岗位核心胜任力现状调查及影响因素分析%Survey on status quo of ICU nurse post core competency and its influencing factors analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭爱霞; 郦珍芳; 周田田

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查重症监护病房(ICU)护士岗位核心胜任力,了解其影响因素,为提升ICU护士核心胜任力制定相应干预策略,为更好地提升护理服务质量提供科学依据。方法2015年1月采用发放问卷调查的方式,对三级甲等医院96名ICU护士进行问卷调查。结果 ICU护士核心胜任力总评分为(3.75±0.59)分,与学历、ICU工作年限、婚姻状况、常上班次有关,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 ICU护士核心胜任力处于中上水平,受学历、ICU工作年限、婚姻状况、常上班次的影响。因此,根据主要影响因素采取有效措施可提高ICU护士核心胜任力,也有助于提高危重症患者的护理质量和抢救成功率。%Objective To investigate the status quo of post core competency among ICU nurses and to understand its in-fluencing factors to formulate the corresponding interventional strategy and provide the scientific basis for better elevating the nursing service quality. Methods Totally 96 ICU nurses in the class 3A hospitals were investigated by questionnaire in January 2015. Results The total score of ICU nurses core competency was (3.75±0.59)points,which were related with the educational background,ICU working years,marital status and common work shift,and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion The core competency of ICU nurses is in the upper level,which is affected by the educational background,ICU working years,marital status and common work shift. Therefore taking effective measures according to the main influencing factors not only can improve the nurse core competency ,but also increases the nursing quality and treatment success rate of critically ill patients.

  5. The Status Quo and Future Policy Development of Research Infrastructures in the EU%欧盟大型科研基础设施概述及政策走向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志勤

    2015-01-01

    European Research Area (ERA) was initiated aiming at pooling the advanced resources in science and technology and providing innovative solutions to meet the socioeconomic challenges in the world. Research Infrastructures (RIs) acts as an important component, to serve as an effective platform for joint research, to create more opportunities of research and innovations, and to promote exchanges of knowledge and experiences among the multi-disciplinary researchers in various EU member states. The article studies the status quo and the future roadmap of the RIs development in the EU, and analyzes the management structure, funding, legal arrangement, operational procedures, evaluation methodologies, international cooperative activities and future policy framework, which can be taken as clues and models in developing the research infrastructures in China.%欧盟研究区建设的主要目标是统筹科技优势资源,集中一切力量为当今世界面临的经济社会挑战提供科技与创新解决方案.科研基础设施是其重要组成部分,为跨成员国和跨不同区域的科技人员提供高效的联合研究平台,创造研发创新机遇,促进知识积累与经验共享.本文对欧盟及其成员国科研基础设施建设状况及其未来发展路线图进行总体研究,就其建设与运行的管理结构、资金投入、法律安排、程序运作、评估方式、国际合作,以及未来政策走向进行系统分析,为我国的大型科研基础设施和创新体系建设提供有益的线索和经验借鉴.

  6. 脑瘫患儿父母希望水平现状调查及影响因素%Survey of status quo of hope level of cerebral palsy children’s parents and its influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颖杰; 杨卫联; 郭冀丹

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the status quo of hope level of parents of children with cerebral palsy,and analyze its influencing factors.Methods:A total of 100 parents of children with cerebral palsy were investigated by using basic information questionnaire and Herth hope scale.Results:The hope level score of parents of cere-bral palsy children was 32.78 ± 6.01.Education,working status,marital status,monthly family income and place of residence were the correlation factors of influencing the hope levels of parents of cerebral palsy chil-dren.Conclusion:The hope level of cerebral palsy children’s parents is affected by many factors.Nursing per-sonnes should provide targeted nursing support according to the specific circumstances of the parents of chil-dren,so as to improve the hope level of parents of children with cerebral palsy.%[目的]调查脑瘫患儿父母的希望水平现状,分析其影响因素。[方法]采用基本资料调查表及 Herth希望量表对100名脑瘫患儿父母进行问卷调查。[结果]脑瘫患儿父母的希望水平得分为32.78分±6.01分,学历、工作状况、婚姻状况、家庭月收入及居住地是影响脑瘫患儿父母希望水平的相关因素。[结论]脑瘫患儿父母的希望水平受诸多因素的影响,护理人员应根据患儿父母的具体情况,提供针对性护理支持,提高脑瘫患儿父母的希望水平。

  7. 基于Web设计的我国985高校体育网站现状%Status Quo of the PE Websites of China's 985 Project Universities Based on Web Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董埙

    2012-01-01

    摘要:综合运用网络调查法、文献资料法和数理统计法对我国985高校体育网站Web设计现状进行调查。结果显示:我国985高校体育网站Web设计水平偏低,主要表现在导航系统设计可用性偏低,平面设计缺乏美感,文本排版缺乏可读性和易读性,栏目内容过于行政化,缺少以Web用户为中心的设计,内容的原创度较高,但充实度低,扩展性较差。鉴于此,建议储备专业技术人才,建立网站建设团队,实行网站建设的责任制,转变网站设计理念等方面入手,提高我国高校体育网站设计水平。%By the ways of web survey, literature study and statistics, the author made an investigation of the status quo of the web design of the PE websites of the 985 Project universities in China. The result shows that the web design level is low. The usability of navigation design is at a lower level. The graphic design lacks sense of beauty and the typesetting lacks readability and legibility. The contents of the columns are too administrative and lack the web-user-centered design. The originality of the contents is relatively high, but the enrichment is low and the expansibility is unsatisfactory. Therefore, the paper suggests restoring professional talents, forming a website construction team, assuming a responsibility system of website construction and transforming the web design concept so as to improve the design level of the university PE websites in China.

  8. Study on the Status quo of Health Promotion and its Influence on Adoles-cents' Smoking%健康促进对青少年吸烟现状及其影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婧; 王莉

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨健康促进对青少年吸烟现状的影响效果.方法 选取该市4所初级中学在读学生460名,采用抽签法将其分为对照组216名与观察组244名,对照组学生均采用常规健康教育方式控烟,观察组学生给予健康促进控烟干预措施,比较两组学生的干预效果.结果 观察组学生对控烟知识的了解程度及对学校禁烟制度的认同程度均显著好于对照组;观察组中初一学生与初二学生吸烟率均显著低于对照组,差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.05). 结论 健康促进控烟干预能够积极提高青少年对吸烟与控烟的认知状况,良好抑制其吸烟行为,具有确切实施价值.%Objective To investigate the effect of health promotion on the status quo of smoking among adolescents. Methods Select 460 students from 4 junior middle school in the city, By using the method of drawing lots, it was divided into the control group of 216 and the observation group of 244, The students in the control group were used in tobacco control rou-tine health education, the observation group to give students health promotion of tobacco control interventions, To compare the effect of the two groups of students. Results The observation group of students on tobacco control knowledge and accep-tance of the school anti-smoking system were significantly better than the control group; In observation group, the smoking rate of grade one and grade two students were significantly lower than those in control group,the differences were statistical-ly significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Health promotion intervention can actively improve the cognitive status of smoking and smoking of teenagers, Can good inhibit their smoking behavior, with the exact implementation of value.

  9. Status Quo, Problems and Thinking of Economy and Trade Cooperation between China and Russia%中俄经贸合作现状、问题及其思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向洁; 何伦志; 闫海龙

    2016-01-01

    China is close to Russia and they have a similar development strategy .However , their long-term bilateral re-lation often manifests the situation of “hot politics and cold economy”, and the potential of their economic and trade co-operation has not yet been released in full .As the outbreak of Ukraine crisis , western sanctions against Russia , the choice of Russian “east” development strategy , the new norm of China′s economy and the raising of “One Belt And One Road” in 2013, especially under the background of the silk road economic belt and the Eurasian economic union joint co -operation , all of above new situations give the cooperation between China and Russia in economy and trade a new require -ment and opportunity .This paper uses an entry point that the new background of the economy and trade cooperation be -tween China and Russia to analyze the status quo , problems and difficulties of them , and puts forward some ideas about deepening the cooperation of the two countries in economy and trade .%中俄地理相邻,发展战略高度契合,但双边关系长期“政热经冷”,经贸合作潜力释放不足。随着乌克兰危机爆发、西方对俄制裁、俄罗斯“东向”战略选择,以及中国经济进入新常态、“一带一路”等国际国内新形势的出现,特别是在“丝绸之路经济带”与欧亚经济联盟对接合作的新背景下,中俄经贸合作有了进一步提升的要求和契机。本文以中俄经贸合作的新背景为切入点,分析探讨新形势下中俄经贸合作的发展现状、面临问题与困境,提出深化中俄经贸合作的若干思考。

  10. 同步发电机励磁控制研究的现状与走向%Status quo and future trend in research on synchronous generator excitation control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩英铎; 谢小荣; 崔文进

    2001-01-01

    Excitation control of synchronous generator is one of the mosteconomic and effective control measures in power systems. Research in this field has been very active for a long time and will continue to be attractive in the future. To advance the theoretic study and engineering application of excitation control, and in the long run to improve the security, stability and quality of today's large-scale power systems, this paper deals with various issues on the topic of generator excitation control. Firstly, some key problems concerning this topic are clarified. An overview is then given for the history and status quo of designing excitation control. The authors also try to establish some general conclusions on several basic problems and bring forward a few hard nuts deserving researchers' further efforts. Prospective progress in the research of generator excitation control depends on the fact that researchers and engineers in this area take a practical and realistic attitude in solving both theoretic and practical problems.%同步发电机励磁控制是电力系统最经济和有效的控制手段之一,是一个非常活跃的研究领域。为促进励磁控制理论研究和工程应用的进一步开展,并最终提高现代大型电力系统的安全稳定性和运行质量,论文阐明了这一研究领域的核心问题所在,比较全面地概括了其发展历史与现状,试图在一些主要问题上与众多研究者取得共识,并提出了进一步研究工作应该面对的重点课题。电力系统发电机励磁控制理论与方法的不断进步,有赖于广大科研工作者和工程人员本着实事求是的科学态度,走出误区,脚踏实地解决理论和实际问题。

  11. 新疆高技术产业发展现状及趋势分析%Status Quo and Trend Analysis of th'e High and New Technology Development in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋香荣; 苏斌; 唐小玉

    2012-01-01

    From the static and dynamic perspectives, this paper conducts a systematic comparative analysis of the status quo and trends of the development of high - tech industry in Xinjiang. First, the high - tech industry with higher profit in Xinjiang is mainly funded with domestic companies, the local enterprises are smaller, hut there is still a gap with other regions; The senior technical staff has a high proportion, but it is short of technology agency personnel total. Second, the key industry of the high - tcch industry in Xinjiang is obvious, the industrial structure tends to optimize. Third, the development of high - tech industry in Xinjiang is accelerating, and the contribution volatility of the national economy rises up. However, new product development is not enough, output rate continuing trend is low, the rate of new products export is high ; technology expenses speed up, funding sources and expenditure structure need to be optimized. In the end, this paper concludes the main factors that hinder the development of the high - tech industry in Xiujiang and make relevant recommendations%本文首先从静态和动态两个角度对新疆高技术产业发展现状和趋势进行系统性对比分析得出:其一,新疆高技术产业主要以内资企业为主,本地企业规模较小,产业利润率较高,但与我国其他地区相比仍有差距;高级技术人员占比高,但科技机构人员总量匮乏。其二,新疆高技术产业重点产业突出,产业结构趋于优化。其三,新疆高技术产业发展速度加快,国民经济贡献度波动上升。但新产品开发力度不够,产值率持续下降,且新产品出口率偏高;科技经费支出增速加快,资金来源和支出结构有待优化。最后总结出阻碍新疆高技术产业发展的主要因素并提出相关建议。

  12. On the Status Quo and Cultivation of ELF Learning Motivation for Non-English Majors%非英语专业大学生英语学习动机的现状与培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏维; 王珍妮

    2015-01-01

    现今,英语正在从一门课程逐渐地向人人都需掌握的一种工具演变。研究者们也对英语学习过程进行了诸多探讨,其中影响英语学习过程的情感因素包括动机、态度、性格、年龄、性别等。其中,学习动机是直接影响学习效果的重要因素之一,然而我国大部分非英语专业的大学生对英语学习缺乏学习动机。因此,英语教师们如何激发学生的学习动机已经作为重要的教学目标之一。由此,分析非英语专业大学生英语学习的现状及特点,有助于培养学生英语学习动机可行性策略的研究和定位。%At present, English is gradually evolving from a course to a tool that everyone should mas-ter.The previous researchers have explored the process of English learning and one is the major concern is affective factor underlying English learning process, including motivation, attitude, character, age and gender, among which learning motivation is one of key direct influential factors.However, most non-English majors lack motivation of learning English.Therefore, it becomes one of the important teaching objectives for the teacher to inspire students’ learning motivation.And to analyze the status quo and characters of non-English majors’ English learning is helpful to study strategies and orientation of in-spiring students’ English learning motivation.

  13. Status Quo of Community Nurses Based on Mode of Family Doctor%家庭医生服务模式下社区护士工作现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李媚珍; 潘美珠; 苏琼英; 邹思梅

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解深圳市家庭医生服务模式下社区护士的工作现状。方法采用自制调查问卷,对深圳市24个社区健康服务中心共186名社区护士进行调查。结果家庭医生服务模式下,深圳市社区护士目前最常做的工作主要有:基本医疗服务(81.3%)、健康管理(76.1%)、计划免疫(75.8%)、儿童保健(75.0%)、老年人保健(74.5%)、慢性病管理(72.3%)、健康教育(71.7%)以及计划生育指导(68.0%),而传染病管理(56.7%)、精神卫生保健(56.6%)、残疾人管理(56.3%)等工作开展相对较少。结论深圳市社区护士的工作内容既有基础医疗服务,又有公共卫生服务,已逐步向社区"六位一体"的功能扩展,但还需针对工作中开展不足的项目逐步完善。%Objective To understand the status quo of community nurses based on the mode of family doctor in Shenzhen. Methods An anonymous questionnaire was conducted among 186 community nurses from 24 community health service centers in Shenzhen. Results The work of community nurses based on the mode of family doctor included basic medical service, health management, immunization, health care of children and the elderly, chronic disease management, health education and guidance of family planning. But very few nurses carried out mental health care and management of disabled persons. Conclusion There are both basic medical service and public health service in the work of community nurses in Shenzhen. The integrated mode of “Six in One” among community nursing is gradually improved and great emphasis of nursing should be put on the full implementation of community health care.

  14. 医院护士工作绩效现状及其影响因素的调查分析%Status quo of job performance and its influencing factors among clinical nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹吉善; 史沙沙; 崔文香

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the status quo of job performance and its influencing factors among clinical nurses.Methods 903 of clinical registered nurses from 5 comprehensive hospitals in Jilin province were investigated by the questionnaire.Results The level of job performance of clinical nurses from these 5 comprehensive hospitals in Jilin province was high,the average score of it was (3.345±0.442).The score of six dimensions followed by high and low were as followed:critical care,leadership,professional development,communication,planning and teaching.Some factors such as the title of a technical post,possession of spouse,classification of hospital,empowerment and organizational support were considered as the related factors via multiple regression analysis.Conclusions The leader should pay attention to empowerment and organizational support,so as to promote the job performance.%目的 探讨医院护士工作绩效的现状及其影响因素.方法 采用便利抽样法对吉林省5所综合医院的903名临床注册护士进行问卷调查,了解其工作绩效现状及影响因素情况.结果 护士工作绩效得分为(3.345±0.442)分,以重症护理能力和人际/沟通能力2个维度得分最高.经过多元回归分析得出影响护士工作绩效的主要因素有:职称、配偶情况、医院级别、授权赋能行为和组织支持感.其中授权赋能行为、组织支持感对护士工作绩效影响较大.结论 护理管理者应创造良好的组织支持系统,以利于护士授权赋能行为环境的形成,进而提升护士的工作绩效.

  15. Status quo of training demands of nursing staff in three grade class A general hospitals in Shenzhen city%深圳市三级甲等综合医院护理人员培训需求现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓小梅; 丁小容; 李敏红; 曾杏珍; 余颖娟; 梁桂玲

    2014-01-01

    [目的]了解护理人员对院内培训的培训内容、培训方式、培训时间的需求现状,为制订针对性的培训提供依据。[方法]采用整群抽样的方法对深圳市3家三级甲等综合医院654名护理人员采用自行设计的问卷进行调查,并进行统计学分析。[结果]护理人员最希望培训的内容为专科知识,而不同的群体之间培训内容需求又存在一定的差异;对不同的培训内容希望有不同的培训特点并采取不同的培训方式;80.6%护理人员希望培训时间能够具有一定的灵活性和自主选择性。[结论]培训内容应因人而异,不同的培训内容应采取不同的培训方式,同时培训本身能有一定的灵活性以增强培训效果。%Obj ective:To know about the status quo of training demands of nursing staff for training content,training methods and training time,so as to provide the basis for formulating targeted training.Methods:A total of 654 nurses were surveyed by adopt cluster sampling method and self de-signed questionnaire in three grade class A general hospital in Shenzhen city.Related data were statistical analysed.Results:The most training con-tent nursing staff hope was specialized knowledge.And training content re-quirements existed certain differences between different groups.Nursing staff hope different characteristics for different training contents,and adopt different ways of training.80.6% of nursing staff hoped that the training time have a certain flexibility and independent selectivity.Conclusion:The training content should be different from person to person.Different ways of training should be adopted for different training contents.At the same time,training itself can have a certain flexibility in order to improve train-ing effect.

  16. 国内大学图书馆博客服务现状调查与分析%Investigation and Analysis of Status quo of Blog-based Services in Domestic University Libraries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国秀; 亢成业; 白益彪

    2012-01-01

    通过对国内96个大学图书馆博客网站的网络调查,从建站单位、建站时间、单位属性、博文数量及访问量、主题内容、建站平台等6个方面,对国内大学图书馆利用博客提供服务的现状进行全方位的分析和研究,得出4点结论:①国内大学图书馆的博客服务只在部分图书馆进入成熟应用阶段,而在大多数图书馆还处于初期尝试阶段;②学科馆员博客是目前国内大学图书馆提供博客服务的首选形式;③读者协会博客的活跃表现显示出大学图书馆在新的网络环境下的广阔前景;④以免费公共平台托管方式建站是国内大学图书馆最常见的博客建站方式:%After investigating 96 domestic university libraries' blogs, this paper analyzes the status quo of the blog-based services from the aspects of affiliated library, date of blog launched, blog traffic of access, blog subject and content, platform and sofiware used. There are four conclusions drawn : ( 1 ) While a few university libraries have entered a successful phase on the blog-based services, the most are still at an early stage; (2)The subject librarian blog is the most common type; (3)The reader-association blogs are very actives, it reflects the wide prospect of domestic university library in the new network environment; (4)The free business hosting is the most common mode selected by the blog constructors.

  17. Status quo and Future Development of Industrial biotechnology in EU%欧盟工业生物技术研发现状及发展趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志勤

    2014-01-01

    欧盟是现代工业制造业的发源地,长期保持着工业技术的世界领先水平。欧委会根据全球高新技术日新月异的快速发展及其重要性,以及欧盟相对处于世界领先地位的技术优先领域,扬长避短确定了欧盟工业可持续发展的六大关键势能技术(KETs)。工业生物技术,作为欧盟优先确定的六大关键势能技术之一,欧盟己制定具体的优惠政策和行动举措给予重点扶持,旨在提升欧盟先进制造业的世界竞争力,促进经济增长和扩大就业。通过综合研究分析欧盟工业生物技术及产业的发展现状、研发创新、面临的挑战和未来发展趋势,旨在为我国战略性新兴技术产业的可持续发展,提供有益的路径和经验借鉴。%European Union ( EU ) is the cradle of modern industrial manufacturing, and has been maintaining the leading position in the global manufacturing industries. Based on the trend of high technology development and European countries’ comparable advantages in industry technology, EU identified six key enabling technologies (KETs) to promote the sustainability of European industrial development. As one of the key KETs, industrial biotechnologies have been taken as a priority and therefore fully supported by the EU through developing a series of favorable policies and measures, aiming at promoting EU’s leading role in advanced manufacturing industry in the world, enhancing its economic growth and creating more job opportunities. This article overviews the status quo, research and development, challenges and future trend of industrial biotechnology in EU, so as to provide valuable experiences and clues for the development of emerging technology industries with strategic importance in China.

  18. 老人院老年人孤独感与依恋的现状及其影响因素研究%Research on status quo of loneliness and attachment of the elderly at retirement home and its influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩倩; 张青; 陈秋杏; 王亚楠; 傅涵涵; 龚雪; 黄毅

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the status quo of loneliness and attachment of the elderly at retirement home and its influencing factors and probe into the relationship between loneliness and attachment of the elderly at re-tirement home.Methods:A survey was conducted on A total of 150 elderly people were drew out in retirement home in Wuhan city and were investigated with Intimacy Experience Scale and elderly loneliness questionnaires. Results:Gender,with or without children,monthly income and self care ability were the influencing factors of the elderly’s loneliness.Education level and monthly income were the influencing factors of the elderly’s attach-ment anxiety.Attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety were positively correlated with loneliness.Conclu-sion:Retirement home should make measures based on the influencing factors of the elderly’s loneliness,so as to reduce the elderly's attachment avoidance and medical anxiety and improve their mental health level.%[目的]分析老人院老年人孤独感和依恋的现状及其影响因素,探讨老人院老年人孤独感与依恋的关系。[方法]抽取141名武汉市老人院老年人,采用亲密关系体验量表和老年人孤独感问卷进行问卷调查。[结果]性别、有无子女、月收入、自我照顾能力是老年人孤独感的影响因素,受教育程度和月收入是老年人依恋焦虑的影响因素;依恋回避、依恋焦虑与孤独感呈正相关。[结论]老人院应针对老年人孤独感的影响因素制定策略,减轻老年人的依恋回避和依恋焦虑,提高其心理健康水平。

  19. 中国对中亚地区投资现状及其比较分析%The Status Quo of Chinese Investment in Central Asia and the Comparative Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李钦; 许云霞

    2012-01-01

    通过对中国与中亚五国的投资现状及比较分析发现:中国与中亚地区经济贸易互补性强,投资发展势头良好。当前的主要问题是缺少对中亚国家经济实力和资源禀赋的深入分析,投资在地区分布上不均衡,层次低、规模小、效益差等不足;中亚各国投资和政策的环境不断改善,但投资保障和优惠力度却与经济实力成反比;中亚各国外高投资政策法律规范性较差,投资环境存在风险因素。中国政府应综合运用各种手段,促进经济技术对接;通过对中亚地区的援助项目,加强技术输出,推动经贸与投资的有机结合;充分发挥新疆的区位优势,促进中国对中亚地区和投资发展,稳固开拓中亚市场。%Analyzing the status quo of China's investment in five Central Asia countries, we find that China and Central Asia have strong economic and trade complementarity with favorable investment trend. However, problems are to be resolved, including a lack of in-depth analysis on the economic strength and resource endowment of Central Asia countries; and uneven, low level, small scale and poor efficient regional investment. Although these countries' investment and policy environments are improving, the investment safeguard measures and privileges have an inverse relationship with the economic strength. In addition, the investment policies and laws are poorly standardized, bringing about investment environmental risk factors. In order to expand the Central Asia market, Chinese government should take mea- sures to strengthen economic and technical links; promote technical output and integration between economy, trade and investment by means of aid projects in this region; give full play to the geographical advantages of Xinjiang to promote the investment in Central Asia.

  20. 湘潭地区高中男子篮球队的现状与对策研究%Countermeasures Research on Status Quo of the High School Basketball Team in Xiangtan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱敏; 王艳

    2014-01-01

    本文通过文献资料法、访谈法、问卷调查法和数理统计法等方法,对湘潭地区高中男子篮球队的现状进行了调查,并在分析研究基础上提出建议:学校应该做好“体教结合”提升队员的文化成绩;在湘潭地区高中篮球队从业教练员工作时间外,为他们提供继续学习和深造的机会,鼓励和支持湘潭地区高中篮球队从业教练员到高校或文化培训机构进一步学习,丰富教练员的文化修养,提高他们的整体综合素质,增强他们的业务水平,最终提升湘潭地区高中篮球队的整体质量;完善学校的训练场地、器材,提供一个安全、高效的环境。%Through using the method of literature review , interview, questionnaire and mathematical statistics , this paper makes analysis on status quo of the high school basketball team in Xiangtan , and puts forward the suggestions on the basis of analysis and research: schools should increase cultural achievements of athletes with combination of education and sports .In Xiangtan area , outside working hours , high school basketball team coaches should have opportunity to continue to study , and encourage and support them further study and enrich their culture life, improve their overall quality , improve their business level , eventually improve the overall quality of the Xiangtan area high school basketball team;Improve school training venues , equipment, provide a safe and efficient environment .

  1. Role of the oblique ligament in the integrity of the medial collateral ligament of the canine elbow joint Papel do ligamento oblíquo na integridade do ligamento colateral medial da articulação do cotovelo de cães

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Oliveira

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available It was studied the arrangement of the collagen fibrils of the medial collateral ligament of the canine elbow joint and evaluated its diameter, when it was isolated or associated to the oblique ligament and loaded in tension until failure. Eighteen joints were divided in three groups. The first group had the medial collateral ligament collected and not loaded, the second group had the medial collateral ligament tested separately and the third group had both ligaments associately tested. Medial collateral ligament not submitted to strain presented a wavy and reticular pattern of the collagen fibers, which was not totally destroyed when it was loaded associated to the oblique ligament, and totally loses the reticular pattern when stretched separately. When the medial collateral ligament was loaded in tension separately, the mean collagen fibrils diameter increased in relation to the group not submitted to the tensile strain. Associated to the oblique ligament, the mean collagen fibrils diameter was the largest in the insertion area and the smallest in the mid-substance, in relation to the other groups. It was concluded that the oblique ligament could favor the integrity of the medial collateral ligament insertion area, facilitating its reconstruction after lesion with larger efficiency.Foram estudados o arranjo e o diâmetro médio das fibrilas colágenas do ligamento colateral medial da articulação do cotovelo do cão, isolado ou associado ao ligamento oblíquo e tracionado até a ruptura. Dezoito articulações foram divididas em três grupos. O primeiro grupo teve o ligamento colateral medial coletado, mas não tracionado; o segundo grupo teve o ligamento colateral medial tracionado isoladamente; o terceiro grupo teve os ligamentos colateral medial e oblíquo tracionados associadamente. O ligamento colateral medial não submetido ao ensaio de tração apresentou um padrão ondulado das fibras colágenas, o qual não foi totalmente destru

  2. Research progress on status quo of psychological distress in malignant tumor patients and its related factors%恶性肿瘤病人心理痛苦现状及相关因素的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩满霞; 陈华英

    2016-01-01

    [目的]了解国内外恶性肿瘤病人心理痛苦的现状及其相关因素的研究进展,为心理痛苦的后续研究及临床应用提供方向和指导依据。[方法]查阅国内外有关恶性肿瘤病人心理痛苦的文献资料,对心理痛苦的概念、评估工具、不同病种的病人心理痛苦的现状及整体相关因素进行分析和综述。并讨论这些研究深度和广度的局限性以及临床需求。[结果]国内外检索出以“肿瘤”和“心理痛苦”或“心理困扰”的文献较多,主要涉及某一单一肿瘤类型病人的心理痛苦的调查研究,且国外研究多于国内的研究。[结论]国内外学者均对肿瘤病人心理痛苦进行了相关调查研究,但研究范围仍比较局限。国内研究处于起步阶段,相关研究较国外少且评价工具不统一,对其相关影响因素的分析也各有侧重。因此,应进一步统一心理痛苦的评估工具,扩大对不同病种的研究,并对相关影响因素进行较为全面的分析,以此指导我国心理痛苦的临床治疗和护理。%Objective:To know about the research progress on status quo of psychological distress in malignant tumor patients and its related factors in abroad and at home,so as to provide direction and guidance for the fur-ther research on psychological distress and its clinical application.Methods:The literatures on psychological dis-tress in malignant tumor patients in abroad and at home were checked out.The concept of psychological dis-tress,assessment tools,the status quo of psychological distress in patients with different diseases and the overall related factors were analyzed and reviewed.And it discussed these limitations of the research depth and breadth and clinical needs.Results:In abroad and at home the retrieved literatures on “tumor”and “psychological pain”or “psychological distress”were more,mainly referred to the investigation on psychological distress in

  3. Status quo of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogris, Sotirios; Papatsoris, Athanasios G

    2010-02-01

    Paediatric nephrolithiasis is quite challenging in terms of management because of the smaller size of the urinary tract and the bigger risk for stone recurrence. Children bear a higher risk of metabolic and infectious causes of stone disease and a longer lifetime risk for recurrence, especially in cases of residual fragments. Complete stone clearance should become the absolute objective and clinically insignificant residual fragments should be avoided. Nowadays, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) arises as a logical first-line treatment option for considerable paediatric nephrolithiasis as miniaturization of endoscopes and advances in energy sources for stone fragmentation have facilitated stone-free rates. In this review we present the evolution of PCNL in children and we demonstrate its safety and efficacy. As appropriate instruments are available and relevant surgical experience is accumulating, age should no longer exist as a limiting factor for performing PCNL.

  4. Endovascular therapy for acute stroke: Quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkatesh S Madhugiri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Endovascular therapy (EVT has gained vogue in the management of patients with acute stroke. Newer stent-retriever devices have led to better recanalization rates. In many centers, EVT is slowly being used as an add on to or in some instances, even as an alternative to intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV tPA. The publication of the results of the SYNTHESIS expansion, Interventional Management of Stroke III and Mechanical Retrieval Recanalization of Stroke Clots Using Embolectomy trials in 2013 has questioned the enthusiastic use of EVT in acute stroke. They demonstrate that EVT (using a variety of devices is no superior to IV tPA in the management of acute stroke. In the light of these controversial findings, we review the current status of EVT in the management of acute stroke.

  5. Input and age effects: Quo vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weerman, F.

    2014-01-01

    The article discusses the important role played input in language acquisition. Topics include the difficulty in obtaining the difference between groups and languages, the visibility of the success of children concerning inflection in their knowledge, and the description of lexical mistake for monoli

  6. Islamic marriages in South Africa: Quo vadimus?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Rautenbach

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Due to their potentially polygamous nature, Islamic marriages are not recognised in terms of South African law. The consequences of this non-recognition have been particularly unfair to Muslim women. Until 2000 a Muslim woman had no claim for loss of support if her husband was unlawfully killed. Even today she cannot claim maintenance from her husband after a divorce; she is not an intestate beneficiary after the death of her husband; can be compelled to give evidence against her husband in criminal proceedings and can not claim financial support during the course of her marriage. Since early times there have been calls for the recognition of Islamic marriages. The 1996 Constitution of South Africa protects, among other rights, cultural and religious rights and makes provision for the recognition of cultural and religious marriages by means of legislation. This article gives a brief historical overview regarding the position of Islamic marriages in South Africa. Thereafter the current position of Islamic marriages will be discussed, and finally a few comments regarding the future of Islamic marriages will be given.

  7. Cancer and electromagnetic radiation therapy: Quo Vadis?

    CERN Document Server

    Makropoulou, Mersini

    2016-01-01

    In oncology, treating cancer with a beam of photons is a well established therapeutic technique, developed over 100 years, and today over 50% of cancer patients will undergo traditional X-ray radiotherapy. However, ionizing radiation therapy is not the only option, as the high-energy photons delivering their cell-killing radiation energy into cancerous tumor can lead to significant damage to healthy tissues surrounding the tumor, located throughout the beam's path. Therefore, in nowadays, advances in ionizing radiation therapy are competitive to non-ionizing ones, as for example the laser light based therapy, resulting in a synergism that has revolutionized medicine. The use of non-invasive or minimally invasive (e.g. through flexible endoscopes) therapeutic procedures in the management of patients represents a very interesting treatment option. Moreover, as the major breakthrough in cancer management is the individualized patient treatment, new biophotonic techniques, e.g. photo-activated drug carriers, help...

  8. Quo vadis, rahvuslik kasvatus? / Enn Tarto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarto, Enn, 1938-

    2003-01-01

    4. mail 2003. a. kinnitatud Kaitseliidu arengukavas 2008. aastani on sõnastatud noorteorganisatsioonide Noored Kotkad ja Kodutütred arengu- ja tulevikuülesanded. Autor rõhutab noorteorganisatsioonide tegevuse tähtsust isamaalises kasvatuses ja kritiseerib hiinlase Sun-Zi õpetust

  9. Treatment of thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis; quo vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spaans, AJ

    2016-01-01

    The unique prehensile ability of the human hand is largely due to the biomechanical function of its complex first carpometacarpal (CMC1) joint. This makes the thumb the most important digit of the hand. The unique demands placed on the thumb regarding mobility, stability and transmission of force ma

  10. Energeetikafoorum "Quo vadis, Eesti energeetika?" / Arvi Hamburg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hamburg, Arvi, 1948-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Tehnikaülikoolis 27. aprillil 2006. a. Ühiskondliku Leppe Sihtasutuse, TTÜ, Eesti Teadlaste Liidu ja Eesti Inseneride Liidu korraldatud foorumist. Avaettekandega esines president Arnold Rüütel

  11. Energeetikafoorum "Quo vadis, Eesti energeetika?" / Arvi Hamburg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hamburg, Arvi, 1948-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Tehnikaülikoolis 27. aprillil 2006. a. Ühiskondliku Leppe Sihtasutuse, Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli, Eesti Teadlaste Liidu ja Eesti Inseneride Liidu korraldatud foorumist. Avaettekandega esines foorumil president Arnold Rüütel

  12. Rheumatology in India--quo vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handa, Rohini

    2015-03-01

    Rheumatology has been a neglected subspecialty in India. A staggering patient load, a severely inadequate number of trained rheumatology specialists, therapeutic nihilism and limited advocacy are some of the critical challenges that confront rheumatology care, and possibly explain the high rates of reliance on complementary and alternative medicines in India. Disease spectrum and treatment patterns are not remarkably different from those in other countries, but biologic agents have limited use and are administered for short periods only. Consequently, outcomes in India do not yet match those reported in developed countries. Furthermore, the high prevalence of infectious diseases continues to be a major contributor to mortality in patients with rheumatic disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus. Several tropical diseases with rheumatic manifestations are relevant in India, including chikungunya, brucellosis, leptospirosis, dengue and melioidosis. To address the many problems with rheumatology care in India, curricular reforms, capacity building, patient education and political support are sorely needed.

  13. Castro’s Cuba: Quo Vadis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    Roque, National Assembly President Ricardo Alarcon de Quesada, Government Ministers Ricardo Cabrisas Ruiz and Yadira Garcia, and 20 historicos...6, No. 1, pp. 27-34. 43. Juan Carlos Espinoza , “Vanguard of the State: The Cuban Armed Forces in Transition,” Problems of Post-Communism, November

  14. Quo vadis, Eesti disain / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2008-01-01

    Eesti ja Põhjamaade disainist. Kommenteerivad Timothy Jacob Jensen Taanist, Martin Relander Soomest ja Heikki Zoova. Disainiauhinna Bruno 2008 laureaadid: Mare Kelpman, Matti Õunapuu, Martin Pärn, Tarmo Luisk, Margus Triibmann, Reet Aus, Elna Kaasik, Marta Kisand, Edina Dufala-Pärn, ByRoller, AS Balteco, Fellin Furniture OÜ

  15. Quo Vadis astronomy (and physics!) education research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeilik, Michael

    2000-12-01

    In the preface of Feynman's Lectures on Physics, he confesses that ``I don't think I did very well by my students. When I look at the way the majority of students handled the problems on the examinations, I think the system is a failure.'' I was flabbergasted when I reread that admission recently, because I had felt the same pessimism about my introductory astronomy classes. I suspect that many readers have explored that frustrated bleakness, too.

  16. Quo vadis, Eesti linnaarheoloogia? / Erki Russow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Russow, Erki, 1974-

    2012-01-01

    Algselt pigem asjaarmastajate ning naaberdistsipliini teadlaste kasutatud tööviiside ja seadustega vähe reguleeritud õigusliku raamistiku asemel toimub tänane linnaarheoloogia üsna selgelt piiritletud tingimustes. Sarnaselt ülejäänud Euroopaga võib ka Eestis kõnelda linnaarheoloogia professionaliseerumisest : üldised mängureeglid on paika pandud ning suuri sisulisi muutusi tõenäoliselt oodata pole

  17. VALLE DE ABURRÁ: ¿QUO VADIS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermelin Michel

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Se da una descripción somera de la evolución que ha tenido la prevención de los riesgos de origen natural en el Valle de Aburrá . Tanto la naturaleza litológica y estructural del valle como sus condiciones topográficas y climáticas lo hacen propenso a la ocurrencia de fenómenos naturales como sismos, movimientos de vertiente, avenidas torrenciales y, en menor grado, inundaciones. El aumento de la población que es actualmente de 3.5 millones de habitantes y la frecuente ocupación de lugares expuestos a amenazas han resultado en numerosos desastres. En este momento funcionan para la prevención y atención de desastres entidades como el SIMPAD y el DAPARD, con responsabilidades municipales y departamentales respectivamente. El grado de conocimiento del entorno físico del valle se considera insuficiente, así como las reglamentaciones que deberían tener como consecuencias de un uso de la tierra más acorde con las restricciones naturales. Se han realizado ya varias reuniones acerca de la gestión de riesgos naturales en la zona y los organizadores de la de 2007, que conmemora el vigésimo aniversario de la catástrofe de Villa Tina, pueden tomar la decisión de llevarlas a cabo cada dos años. Asimismo proponen la creación de un grupo técnicocientífico permanente dispuesto a estudiar los eventos ocurridos, a fomentar la difusión de la información pertinente y en general a propender por un mejor conocimiento del Valle de Aburrá.

  18. China's Nylon Industry Status Quo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The overall situation of China's nylon industry allows of no optimist from Jan. to May this year, presented in the following aspects: stable growth of output, small decrease of rate of production and marketing, downward trend of both imports and exports, and rapid falling of profits.

  19. Forest research and education: the status quo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cherubini P

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural hazards and climatic extreme events cause serious damages to human populations all around the globe. Such events are supposed to increase in the future, as a result of climatic changes mainly induced by increasing carbon dioxide concentrations. Foresters are needed to cope with such natural hazards, to manage forest ecosystems in a sustainable way, in order to counteract future catastrophic events and climatic changes. Foresters have a sound interdisciplinary preparation in several different biological and geophysical fields and, thus, unique professional skills to manage forest ecosystems as a whole. However, recently a worrying decline of interest of the Academia in forest research has been recorded worldwide. This journal Forest@ aims at showing how important forest-related education and research are for a sustainable management of the Earth.

  20. Quo vadis klaasvitriin spoilerelamu / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. valminud korterelamu Tallinnas Koidu 60-62 / Komeedi 14. Arhitektuur: Rein Murula Arhitektuuribüroo OÜ. Ehitaja: Rand & Tuulberg ja OÜ Dobrimir. Kortereid: 54. Arendusprojekt koosneb kahest erinevast elamuplokist, siduvaks jooneks on ühise tasandiga parkimiskorrus. Fassaadiviimistlusena on kasutatud tumedat tellist, rohelist valtsplekki ja rõdude juures klaasvitriine

  1. Eesti usukeel - quo vadis? / Siret Rutiku

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rutiku, Siret

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade Eesti Teadusfondi Grandi nr 5292 Teoloogilise ja religioosse sõnavara struktuur ja areng eesti keeles eesmärkidest ja selle raames valmiva arvutipõhise terminibaasi loomisest ja süstematiseerimisest

  2. Developmental plasticity and evolution--quo vadis?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Moczek, A P

    2015-01-01

    The role of developmental (phenotypic) plasticity in ecology and evolution is receiving a growing appreciation among the biologists, and many plasticity-specific concepts have become well established as part of the mainstream evolutionary...

  3. Membrane engineering in biotechnology: quo vamus?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rios, Gilbert M; Belleville, Marie-Pierre; Paolucci-Jeanjean, Delphine

    2007-06-01

    Membranes are essential to a range of applications, including the production of potable water, energy generation, tissue repair, pharmaceutical production, food packaging, and the separations needed for the manufacture of chemicals, electronics and a range of other products. Therefore, they are considered to be "dominant technologies" by governments and industry in several prominent countries--for example, USA, Japan and China. When combined with catalysts, membranes are at the basis of life, and membrane-based biomimetism is a key tool to obtain better quality products and environmentally friendly developments for our societies. Biology has a main part in this global landscape because it simultaneously provides the "model" (with natural biological membranes) and represents a considerable field of applications for new artificial membranes (biotreatments, bioconversions and artificial organs). In this article, our objective is to open up this enthralling area and to give our views about the future of membranes in biotechnology.

  4. Plasmonic modes in thin films: quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio ePolitano

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Herein, we discuss the status and the prospect of plasmonic modes in thin films. Plasmons are collective longitudinal modes of charge fluctuation in metal samples excited by an external electric field. Surface plasmons (SPs are waves that propagate along the surface of a conductor with applications in magneto-optic data storage, optics, microscopy, and catalysis. In thin films the electronic response is influenced by electron quantum confinement. Confined electrons modify the dynamical screening processes at the film/substrate interface by introducing novel properties with potential applications and, moreover, they affect both the dispersion relation of SP frequency and the damping processes of the SP.Recent calculations indicate the emergence of acoustic surface plasmons (ASP in Ag thin films exhibiting quantum well states and in graphene films. The slope of the dispersion of ASP decreases with film thickness. We also discuss open issues in research on plasmonic modes in graphene/metal interfaes.

  5. Quo Vadis, kaubandushiid Hyperlex? / Mike Franz Wahl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wahl, Mike Franz, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Juhtimiskaasuste võistluse "Juhtimisaju 2007" raames tuli osalejatel lahendada juhtum seoses ettevõtete liitumisega. Vt. samas näited võistlustöödest: Vanaviisi ei saa, uutmoodi ei taha...; Inimesed, rääkige!. Juhtimisaju 2007 parimad võistkonnad

  6. Nanoestruturas de carbono (nanotubos, grafeno: Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo J. G. Zarbin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe general considerations about the present and the future standing of carbon nanostructures, mainly carbon nanotubes and graphene. Basic concepts and definitions, select structure/property relationships, and potential applications are reviewed. The analysis of the global market for these nanostructures, the commercial products available currently, the role of the chemistry, the main challenges remaining and a brief view of the field in Brazil are also presented and discussed.

  7. Reducing status quo bias in choice experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonnichsen, Ole; Ladenburg, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    To secure the validity and applicability of stated preference measures in economic analysis, hypothetical preferences must mimic real life preferences. For instance, people have a propensity to prefer what they already have when presented with alternatives that, all things being equal, seem...

  8. Hip and knee arthroplasty: quo vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ho, J.; Meis, J.F.G.M.; Nabuurs-Franssen, M.H.; Voss, A.

    2015-01-01

    Despite of the steady decrease of surgical site infection (SSI) over the last two decades, the incidence of SSI after hip and knee arthroplasty has recently surged. This may be explained by technical changes that may result in an increased risk of SSI, such as the broad implementation of fast track

  9. Quo vadis, Eesti linnaarheoloogia? / Erki Russow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Russow, Erki, 1974-

    2012-01-01

    Algselt pigem asjaarmastajate ning naaberdistsipliini teadlaste kasutatud tööviiside ja seadustega vähe reguleeritud õigusliku raamistiku asemel toimub tänane linnaarheoloogia üsna selgelt piiritletud tingimustes. Sarnaselt ülejäänud Euroopaga võib ka Eestis kõnelda linnaarheoloogia professionaliseerumisest : üldised mängureeglid on paika pandud ning suuri sisulisi muutusi tõenäoliselt oodata pole

  10. Quo Vadis, kaubandushiid Hyperlex? / Mike Franz Wahl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wahl, Mike Franz, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Juhtimiskaasuste võistluse "Juhtimisaju 2007" raames tuli osalejatel lahendada juhtum seoses ettevõtete liitumisega. Vt. samas näited võistlustöödest: Vanaviisi ei saa, uutmoodi ei taha...; Inimesed, rääkige!. Juhtimisaju 2007 parimad võistkonnad

  11. Status Quo Of Drug Supervision in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Drugs are a special kind of commodity used to prevent,treat and diagnose diseases.Effective supervision of drugs has a great bearing on ensuring the safe use of pharmaceuticals by consumers and on safeguarding the right to lire and health of the general public.The Chinese government has always attached great importance to supervision over drug safety,and has always been commltted to the goal of strengthening such supervision and guaranteeing public drug safety.

  12. Big Data in Caenorhabditis elegans: quo vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutter, Harald; Moerman, Donald

    2015-11-05

    A clear definition of what constitutes "Big Data" is difficult to identify, but we find it most useful to define Big Data as a data collection that is complete. By this criterion, researchers on Caenorhabditis elegans have a long history of collecting Big Data, since the organism was selected with the idea of obtaining a complete biological description and understanding of development. The complete wiring diagram of the nervous system, the complete cell lineage, and the complete genome sequence provide a framework to phrase and test hypotheses. Given this history, it might be surprising that the number of "complete" data sets for this organism is actually rather small--not because of lack of effort, but because most types of biological experiments are not currently amenable to complete large-scale data collection. Many are also not inherently limited, so that it becomes difficult to even define completeness. At present, we only have partial data on mutated genes and their phenotypes, gene expression, and protein-protein interaction--important data for many biological questions. Big Data can point toward unexpected correlations, and these unexpected correlations can lead to novel investigations; however, Big Data cannot establish causation. As a result, there is much excitement about Big Data, but there is also a discussion on just what Big Data contributes to solving a biological problem. Because of its relative simplicity, C. elegans is an ideal test bed to explore this issue and at the same time determine what is necessary to build a multicellular organism from a single cell.

  13. Chinese immigrants in Vancouver: quo vadis?

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Shibao; DeVoretz, Don J.

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports findings from a Vancouver study which examines the settlement and adaptation experience of Chinese immigrants in Vancouver. The study reveals that non-economic reasons, such as the environment, education and citizenship, constituted the primary motivations for Chinese immigrants to move to Canada. Employment and language facilities were the most frequently cited barriers inhibiting their integration into the Vancouver social and economic spheres. Their poor economic perform...

  14. Taenia ovis recombinant vaccine--'quo vadit'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rickard, M D; Harrison, G B; Heath, D D; Lightowlers, M W

    1995-01-01

    Several years have elapsed since the publication by Johnson et al. (1989) of the cloning of a recombinant antigen from the cestode parasite Taenia ovis which stimulated high levels of protective immunity in sheep. A great deal of subsequent research and development was necessary to bring the fledgling vaccine to the point of being a registered commercial product. The results of these subsequent studies are dealt with briefly in this paper, including the results of field trials. The T. ovis vaccine was registered by the New Zealand Animal Remedies Board in February 1994. Where then is the commercial product? This paper gives a background to market problems which have emerged through the politics (and realities) of the NZ T. ovis control campaign. It serves as notice that the best science dedicated to producing vaccines or products for parasitic, or other, diseases often faces significant hurdles in the real world of commerce and politics.

  15. Naming Lunar Mare Basalts: Quo Vadimus Redux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryder, G.

    1999-01-01

    Nearly a decade ago, I noted that the nomenclature of lunar mare basalts was inconsistent, complicated, and arcane. I suggested that this reflected both the limitations of our understanding of the basalts, and the piecemeal progression made in lunar science by the nature of the Apollo missions. Although the word "classification" is commonly attached to various schemes of mare basalt nomenclature, there is still no classification of mare basalts that has any fundamental grounding. We remain basically at a classification of the first kind in the terms of Shand; that is, things have names. Quoting John Stuart Mill, Shand discussed classification of the second kind: "The ends of scientific classification are best answered when the objects are formed into groups respecting which a greater number of propositions can be made, and those propositions more important than could be made respecting any other groups into which the same things could be distributed." Here I repeat some of the main contents of my discussion from a decade ago, and add a further discussion based on events of the last decade. A necessary first step of sample studies that aims to understand lunar mare basalt processes is to associate samples with one another as members of the same igneous event, such as a single eruption lava flow, or differentiation event. This has been fairly successful, and discrete suites have been identified at all mare sites, members that are eruptively related to each other but not to members of other suites. These eruptive members have been given site-specific labels, e.g., Luna24 VLT, Apollo 11 hi-K, A12 olivine basalts, and Apollo 15 Green Glass C. This is classification of the first kind, but is not a useful classification of any other kind. At a minimum, a classification is inclusive (all objects have a place) and exclusive (all objects have only one place). The answer to "How should rocks be classified?" is far from trivial, for it demands a fundamental choice about nature and ordering. Classification functions as a primary tool of perception, opening up ways of seeing things and sealing off others. Lacking a classification, mare-basalt petrology appears immature with little consensual perception of the qualities and signifigances of the basalts. The appearance may or may not be the reality, but it demonstrates a need for a functioning, communicatory classification, in particular for the dissemination of ideas and the furtherance of studies. Names are inconsistent both among lunar rocks and between lunar and terrestrial rocks. Samples are labeled by elements, chemistry with tags, chemistry cast into mineralogy, or a mineralogical attribute (respective examples A 14 VHK A 17 high-Ti Group B 1, A 15 quartz-normative, A-12 pigeonite). Such inconsistency is bound to lead to confusion. Chemical descriptions mean different things in mildly different contexts: A low-K Fra Mauro basalt (not a basalt!) contains slightly more K than an Apollo 11 high-K basalt. High-alumina means more than about 11% Al2O3 for mare basalts, but 21% for highlands "basalts." Volcanic KREEP basalts, about 18% Al2O3, are not (usually) qualified with "high-alumina." Yet for terrestrial basalts, high-alumina means more than about 17% Al2O3, Further, even very-low-Ti mare basalts have Ti abundances (about 0.5-1.5% Ti02) as great as typical terrestrial basalts. Thus, parallels between lunar and terrestrial nomenclatures are nonexistent (reinforced by the fact that a mare-basalt composition found on Earth would be too ultramafic to name basalt at all). A separate type of name exists for mare-basalt glasses, which are identified by site, color, and a letter for any subsequent distinctions, e.g., A15 Green Glass C. While the inconsistencies cited above by themselves make nomenclature arcane, a greater source of difficulty is the common use of acronyms such as VHK and VLT. Most of these are partly chemical acronyms, but degrading the symbol Ti to T (for instance) makes them unintelligible and devoid of information even to the intelligent, educated non-expert. Classifications have functions. A major one must be communication; i.e., a name for a mare basalt provides a common understanding of what the basalt is. For the small number of suites currently available, the present labels (though inefficient and insufficient) may work; with continued recognition of more basalts, Antarctic meteorite samples, orbiter data, sample returns, and lunar base studies, labels will become increasingly inefficient. Clementine and Prospector data have made mapping of mare basalts a much more visible activity than it was, and increasingly common ground among sample petrologists and remote sensers has emerged. To establish a usable classification, there must be some criteria for relationships. Petrologists need to decide what the most significant characters are, and how these can be translated into a classification. The common distinction on the basis of Ti (the major element with the greatest variation) may or may not be appropriate. It remains to be established whether the use of Ti is of fundamental value both in relating basalts to each other and in communication, or merely an historical accident or response to its variance. Additional information contained in original

  16. Quo vadis NW Black Sea benthic ecosystems?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traian Gomoiu, Marian

    2016-04-01

    The author briefly presents a general review on the evolution trends of benthic ecosystems at the Romanian Black Sea coast, referring to some recent data from the literature. The Black Sea represents a "unicum hydrobiologicum" by some of its basic characteristics, such as: 1. a large semi-enclosed basin with an intense exchange of waters; 2. a sea receiving a large amount of fresh water, especially in its northwestern sector, brought by the Danube, Dnieper and Dniester Rivers; 3. a large meromictic sea - euxinic-azoic below depths of 150 - 200 m; 4. around the sea there is a large filter-holding belt consisting of bivalves (Mytilus galloprovincialis and Modiolula phaseolina); 5. a sea having in its northwestern sector a large area covered by red algae of the genus Phyllophora; 6. a sea undergoing, in the last 50 years, intense environmental pressures (pollution by large rivers and direct discharges of wastewater from urban areas, the development of maritime traffic, overfishing by bottom trawling, coastal facilities and especially by many defense works of the new port); 7. a sea registering in the last decades of the past century many events of eutrophication; 8. a sea enriching its biodiversity by alien species. After the political and socio-economic changes triggered by the events of 1989 and especially after Romania's accession to EU, the state of the northwestern Black Sea coastal ecosystems, has recorded positive changes: • Decrease in environmental pressures; • Decreasing pollutant / fertilizing discharges into the Danube; • Reduction of domestic sewage quantities from coastal settlements; • Improvement in the quality of the wastewater discharged into the sea; • Reduction of active fishing by bottom trawling; • Adopting and implementing a national / international set of guidelines concerning marine environment; • Adopting regulations on the protection of the marine environment against pollution in marine economy: transport / shipping, tourism / thalasoterapy. Black Sea ecosystem restoration - Certainties and Uncertainties: Pressure on the Danube and other rivers has decreased, chemical discharges have decreased obviously, and yet there appear phenomena of water flowering - "red waters", hypoxia is still present at times and there is mass mortality of fish and other benthic organisms. Why? Signs of recovery should be considered cautiously and uncertainties may be resolved only in a longer time by increasing our scientific efforts. The results of the EU FP7 Project PERSEUS led to the identification of three important issues that should be resolved in order to achieve good environmental status: • Applying an adaptive management to increase the resilience of the ecosystems and to diminish the vulnerability of biodiversity; • Necessity of participative approach by stakeholders; • Identifying and obtaining adequate financial support for new R-D-I projects. Who are the actors in addressing and implementing the actions? • Academic educational and research institutions for adequate working condition; • More specialists trained for taxonomic groups; • Reasonable diversity of coordinating specialists, capable team leaders / satisfactory work packages; • Attracting NGO members towards nature conservation issues; • Resonable stakeholders committed to environmental issues. Studying the results of researches carried out by GeoEcoMar on the Romanian Black Sea coast in recent years, the author concluded that the major problems hampering progress towards a good ecosystem in NW Bent Black Sea are: • lack of diversity in the fields of research, both in theoretical and applied realms; • structural and functional consequences of ecological pressures and the disordered state of the ecosystems in the periods of paroxysmal eutrophication / pollution at the end of the 20th Century; • scarcity of data and knowledge on the Social-Economic System; • high costs of the new marine technology used directly in the sea and laboratories.

  17. Quo Vadis „Living Human Treasures”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Lupu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available „Living Human Treasures” (LHT is a program supported by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO. According to the Regulation of the Ministry of Culture in Bucharest, the title „Living Human Treasures” is the life contingency, personal and in transmissible. The person „must, simultaneously fulfill bearing, preserving and creating qualities of intangible heritage, be able to transmit traditional cultural models and be recognized as so by other LHT and the scientific community”. In six years, between 2010 and 2015 in Romania were granted 45 titles: half to craftsmen (weavers, carpenters, iconographers, furriers, builders of musical instruments, pottery etc. and half to performers of folklore (folk interpreter, rhapsodists, dancers etc.. Most distinctions, eight and seven, were awarded in Cluj and Alba county, followed by Brașov, Suceava county, each with five distinctions. Discussions are held about the possibilities of granting life annuity, following the model of athletes and some artists and writers. It is clear however that the title holders and their performance can be assimilated to tourism assets, as attractions of itself, transforming communities they belong to genuine tourist destinations. Furthermore, it would avoid the exhausting movements of artisans at the various trade fairs, being preferable to receive the audience in their personal household tranquility. A series of semi structured personal interviews with some LHT confirm this hypothesis. Strong promotion of those tourist destinations should no longer delay. At the central level it would require that the Tourism Authority take the „dossiers” for those LHT and promote them in a centralized manner, dedicating them an advertising brochure and a map.

  18. Software-defined anything challenges status quo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simpson, Wayne; Borders, Tammie

    2015-01-01

    INL successfully developed a proof of concept for "Software Defined Anything" by emulating the laboratory's business applications that run on Virtual Machines. The work INL conducted demonstrates to industry on how this methodology can be used to improve security, automate and repeat processes, and improve consistency.

  19. Quo vadis klaasvitriin spoilerelamu / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. valminud korterelamu Tallinnas Koidu 60-62 / Komeedi 14. Arhitektuur: Rein Murula Arhitektuuribüroo OÜ. Ehitaja: Rand & Tuulberg ja OÜ Dobrimir. Kortereid: 54. Arendusprojekt koosneb kahest erinevast elamuplokist, siduvaks jooneks on ühise tasandiga parkimiskorrus. Fassaadiviimistlusena on kasutatud tumedat tellist, rohelist valtsplekki ja rõdude juures klaasvitriine

  20. Quo vadis, emakeeleõpetus? / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo

    2006-01-01

    Ülevaade TLÜ-s toimunud Emakeeleõpetuse Infokeskuse teabepäevast, kus osalesid eesti keele ja kirjanduse õpetajad ning TLÜ keele- ja kirjandusteadlased. Lähemalt Rocca al Mare õpetaja J. Vaiksoo, TLÜ dotsendi K. Kerge ja Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumi nõuniku J. Valge sõnavõttudest

  1. Survey and analysis of status quo of coronary heart disease management training of community nurses in Shanghai city and their demands to it%上海市社区护士冠心病管理培训现状与需求的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于扬; 陈利群

    2015-01-01

    [目的]了解上海市社区护士冠心病管理培训现状及需求,并探讨其影响因素。[方法]采用自编社区护士冠心病管理培训现状与需求调查问卷对上海市236家社区卫生服务中心的706名社区护士进行问卷调查。[结果]51.4%的上海市社区护士曾接受过冠心病管理培训,且受社区工龄的影响;培训需求总分为(44.45±5.01)分。[结论]上海市社区护士的冠心病管理培训现状一般,社区护士的培训需求强烈。相关部门应积极采取多种措施,有重点、保质保量地为社区护士提供冠心病管理培训机会。%Objective:To understand the status quo of coronary heart disease management training of community nurses in Shanghai city and their demands to it,and probe into its influencing factors.Methods:A total of 706 community nurses in 236 community health service centers in Shanghai received questionnare survey by using self prepared status quo and demand of coronary heart disease management training of community nurses questionnaire.Results:5 1.4% of community nurses in Shanghai had received the coronary heart disease manage-ment training,that was affected by the length of service in community;the total score of training demands was 44.45±5.01.Conclusion:The status quo of coronary heart disease management training of community nurses in Shanghai is general,the training demand of community nurses is strong.The relevant departments should take various measures to provide opportunities of coronary heart disease management training for community nurses with quality and quantity assurance and focusedly.

  2. The Status Quo of Chinese Agro-products Logistics and the Establishment of the Third-Party Logistics Mode%我国农产品物流现状及第三方物流模式的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静

    2011-01-01

    The status quo of Chinese agro-products logistics is analyzed from the following five aspects: the circulation mode, exchange mode, storage and transportation situation, food safety security. The following problems in Chinese agro-products logistics are pointed out, including excessive circulation sections, bad time efficiency, single payment, slow circulation, backward information processing, obvious bullwhip effect, low logistics efficiency, low logistics technology, inadequate professional equipments, low standardization degree, organized operation mode and low degree of scale. The third-party logistics mode of agro-products is analyzed and the advantages of the mode are analyzed as well. Firstly, establishing information network through integrating circulation section to accelerate the circulation of agro-products; secondly, making the operation norms by providing professional equipments to secure the quality of agricultural products; thirdly, improving the core competitiveness of the whole logistics chain by intensifying specialized work division in each section of-the supply chain; fourthly, through forming scale economy to reduce logistics costs and increase the diversity of products; fifthly, through signing contracts to clarify duties and responsibilities . And materialize the profit integration of the supply chain. The measures for establishing the third-party logistics of agro-products are put forward, including establish the awareness and concept of socialized logistics services; intensify the support on the third-party logistics enterprises of agro-products; lay stress on the cultivation of logistics talents of agro-products; and vigorously apply the modem marketing means.%从流通模式、交易方式、仓储运输条件、信息流通方式、食品安全保障5个方面分析了我国农产品物流的发展现状,指出其存在以下问题:流通环节过多,时效性差;交付方式单一,流通速度缓慢;信息处理滞后,"牛鞭效应"明

  3. 基于文献计量学的家庭照顾者相关研究现状及热点分析%Status quo and hot spots in studies on family caregivers:a bibliometric analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏盼; 王安妮; 张杰

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze the status quo and hot spots in studies on family caregivers by bibliometric analy-sis. Methods PubMed-covered papers on family caregivers from 2011-01-01 to 2016-07-01 were retrieved and analyzed by BICOMS and gCLUTO to generate subject heading clustering curve, subject heading clustering matrix and subject heading tree. Results Six hot spots were detected in studies on family caregivers from 4945 papers from which 82 subject headings were extracted with a frequency≥36 , including social and psychological intervention of family caregivers for ischemic stroke patients, intervention of family caregivers for mental disease patients, mental health of family caregivers, mental health intervention of family caregivers for PD patients, mental health of family caregivers for AIDS patients, and mental health of family caregivers for tumor patients. Conclusion Importance is attached to the studies on family caregivers by foreign and domestic scholars with their studies focused on the inves-tigation and intervention of mental health in family caregivers.%目的::通过文献计量学方法探究近年来家庭照顾者相关的研究现状与热点。方法:计算机检索PubMed中与家庭照顾者研究相关的文献,检索范围为2011年1月1日-2016年7月1日,采用BICOMB和图形聚类工具gCLUTO对文献进行关键词词篇矩阵、双向聚类分析,形成主题词聚类曲线图、主题词聚类矩阵及主题词聚类树状图。结果:共4945篇文献纳入分析,抽取出现频次≥36次的主题词82个,聚类分析获得家庭照顾者相关研究的6个研究热点:脑卒中患者家庭照顾者的社会心理干预、精神疾病患者家庭照顾者的干预研究、家庭照顾者心理健康状况、阿尔茨海默病患者家庭照顾者心理健康干预、艾滋病患者家庭照顾者心理健康状况、肿瘤患者家庭照顾者心理健康干预。结论:近年来国外学者重视家庭照顾者

  4. Analysis of depression status quo of late pregnancy women and its influencing factors%孕晚期妇女抑郁现状及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾彩丽; 王立军; 陆亚娟; 杨东美; 于桂艳; 贾楠

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the status quo of antenatal depression in late pregnancy women and analyze its influencing factors.Methods:A total of 446 late pregnancy women were studied by using a self designed general information questionnaire,the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)and Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS).Results:EPDS score of late pregnancy women was 7.78±3.85.Incidence of depression a-mong late pregnancy women was 31.39%.Total CPSS score was 43.58±6.31,EPDS score was positively relat-ed to CPSS score(r=0.540,P<0.01).The multiple linear regression analysis showed that the level of stress perception and the satisfaction of relationship between husband and wife were the influencing factors of depres-sion in late pregnancy women,which could explain the variation of 37.3%.Conclusion:The higher incidence of antenatal depression of late pregnancy women,and the greater stress in late pregnancy,the higher possibility of antenatal depression was.The women with higher pressure perception and poor relationship between husband and wife should be given to health guidance,so as to reduce the incidence of antenatal depression.%[目的]调查孕晚期妇女产前抑郁发生现状,并分析其影响因素。[方法]采用自行设计的一般资料问卷、爱丁堡产后抑郁量表(Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale,EPDS)、中文版压力知觉量表(Chinese Perceived Stress Scale,CPSS)对446名孕晚期妇女进行调查。[结果]孕晚期妇女 EPDS评分为7.78分±3.85分,抑郁发生率为31.39%,CPSS总分为43.58分±6.31分,EPDS评分与CPSS得分呈正相关(r=0.540,P<0.01),多元线性回归分析显示:压力知觉水平和夫妻关系满意度是孕晚期抑郁的影响因素,可解释37.3%的变异量。[结论]孕晚期妇女产前抑郁的发生率较高,且孕晚期压力感受越大,发生产前抑郁的可能性越高,对于压力感受较高和夫妻关系差者应及时给予健康指导,减少产前抑郁发生。

  5. 肿瘤住院患者护理服务质量感知现状调查%Survey on the status quo of nursing service quality in tumor patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张曦; 杜雪; 杨娜; 王荣; 杨雪; 李军秀

    2016-01-01

    Objective To understand a cancer hospital inpatient care Ningxia quality of service perceived status quo.Methods Servqual model-based,self-designed Expect Inpatient Nursing Service Quality Perception Questionnaire was used to investigate 160 hospitalized patients and expected to build expectations oncology inpatients quality of care and services-dimensional perception matrix (IPA matrix).Results By analyzing sensible quality (SQ) value and IPA matrix of the Servqual questionnaire,all items except for treating equally and recommend the hospital showed SQ<0,that was,the actual feelings of patients were less than expected,and there was statistical difference between the actual feelings and expected feelings in the quiet ward,health guide,care level (t=2.963,2.020,2.020,P <0.05).IPA matrix showed that ward quiet,health guidance,care level was the priority problems for the hospital.Life Care,protection of privacy,psychological care,level of service,pay the money reached care were the minor priority problems.Conclusions Servqual Model and IPA matrix combination can help to understand the gap between expectations and perception of nursing service,identify problems improvement priorities,identify weaknesses in care for hospital managers,and develop fine effective theory.%目的 了解宁夏医科大学总医院肿瘤医院住院患者护理服务质量感知现状.方法 以Servqual模型为基础,采用自行设计的住院患者对护理服务质量的期望感知调查问卷对160例住院患者进行调查,并构建肿瘤科住院患者对护理服务质量的期望—感知二维矩阵(IPA矩阵).结果 所有的条目除“一视同仁”和“推荐该院”外,其余均显示感知服务质量(SQ)<0,即对调查的护理服务患者的实际感受均小于期望,其中“病房安静”“健康指导”“护理服务水平”差异有统计学意义(t=2.963、2.020、2.020,p<0.05).IPA矩阵显示,“病房安静”“健康指导”“护理服务水平

  6. Investigation and analysis on status quo of grasping knowledge about palliative nursing of nurses in Shanghai%上海市护士姑息护理知识的现状调查与原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹敏

    2015-01-01

    目的 调查分析上海市护士姑息护理知识掌握现状,找出护理人员姑息护理知识结构上存在的问题,针对存在的主要问题提出相应建议.方法 应用Ross等研制的姑息护理知识问卷(PCQN),利用整群抽样方法对上海市9所医院973名护士进行问卷调查.结果 最终939名护士完成调查.PCQN评分为(8.88±2.51)分.上海市护士对姑息护理知识掌握情况不尽如人意,护士在姑息护理的哲理与原则[维度1,(0.376±0.009)分]、心理社会和精神支持[维度3,(0.310±0.008)分]两方面的知识较薄弱,对疼痛和症状控制方面的掌握程度[维度2,(0.496±0.005)分]优于其他两方面,维度1与维度2、3比较,t=-1 1.787、5.465,P< 0.01;维度2与维度3比较,t=19.673,P<0.01.结论 教育和培训的缺乏、相关机构重视不够及传统观念的限制造成了护士姑息护理知识结构的缺陷.%Objective To investigate and analyse the status and influential factors of nurses' palliative care knowledge in Shanghai city.Methods Using cluster sampling method,a questionnaire survey using Palliative Care Quiz for Nursing (PCQN) was conducted on 973 nurses in 9 hospitals of Shanghai city.Results 939 nurses completed the survey whose scores were 8.88±2.51.The status quo of palliative care knowledge of Shanghai nurses were not very desirable.The scores of palliative care philosophy and principles and psychological,social and spiritual support were 0.376±0.009 and 0.310±0.008.The scores of knowledge of the pain and symptomcontrol was 0.496±0.005,which was better than the other two aspects.There were differences between dimension 1 and dimension 2,3 (t=-1 1.78,5.465,P<0.01),and also between dimension 2 and 3 (t=19.673,P<0.01).Conclusions Lacking of education and training,insufficient recognition of related institutions and the limit of traditional ideas caused the defect in the knowledge structure of palliative nursing.

  7. 银川市某社区高血压患者健康管理现状分析%Analysis of Hypertension Management Status Quo in a Yinchuan Community Health Service Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红; 蔡晓红; 刘国莲

    2016-01-01

    Objective To understand the status quo of community-based management of hypertension in Funing street kaier-fudi community health service station,then provide evidence for making more effective hypertension protection program.Methods A total of 260 community health records were selected by stratified cluster random sampling,which have been managed more than one years,then we analyzed the information with retrospective study.Results Male occupied 44.62%,female occupied 55.38%. Pa-tients over 60 years of age accounted for 66.54% in the community health records. Blood pressure control rate of the hypertension patients was 85%.The community health records accuracy rate of hypertension patients was 91.15%.The standardized management rate of hypertension patients was 60.00%. 72% of the hypertension patients receives health examination once a year.Conclusion Managing the hypertension patients by community health services institution can increase the blood pressure control rate,but it is necessary to improve the management of hypertension by establishing the community health records precisely and conducting the standardized management with health examination accurately.%目的:了解银川市富宁街凯尔福邸社区卫生服务站对高血压患者的健康管理现状,为制定更为完善的高血压病防治方案提供客观依据。方法随机抽取富宁街凯尔福邸社区卫生服务站已建立健康档案且接受管理≥1年的高血压患者健康档案260份,并对其资料进行回顾性分析。结果44.62%,女性占55.38%,年龄≥60岁的高血压患者占66.54%。高血压患者血压控制率为85%,健康档案合格率为91.15%,规范化管理率为60.00%,年检率为72%。结论利用社区卫生服务机构对高血压患者进行管理,能有效提高高血压控制率,但该社区高血压患者的健康档案合格率、规范化管理率及年检率有待进一步提高。

  8. 不同年级护生职业态度现状及其影响因素研究%Study on status quo of nursing students’professional attitude in different grades and its influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵欣; 马艳梅; 徐锦江

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the status quo of nursing students’professional attitude in different grades and its influencing factors.Method:Nursing students of college rising undergraduate,specialist rising undergrad-uate,undergraduate in grade one and grade four were investigated by using professional attitude scale and self worth scale.Results:The score of nursing students’professional attitude in grade one was higher than that in grade four (P<0.05);The score of nursing students’professional attitude in undergraduate was higher than that in college rising undergraduate,specialist rising undergraduate(P<0.05);Influencing factors of professional at-titude of nursing students in grade one were the pressure of family life ,other professional students’attitude,j ob demands,the views of relatives and friends and so on,influencing factors of professional attitude of nursing students in grade four were patients attitude to nursing staff,j ob stress,income level,the title and so on.Conclu-sion:Professional education should be targetedly conducted combined with the characteristics of nursing students,professional affection,the special characteristics of nursing profession,the complicated nursing work environment and the employment situation.%[目的]探讨不同年级护生职业态度现状及其影响因素。[方法]采用职业态度量表和自我价值感量表对一年级和四年级的中专升本科、专科升本科、统招本科护生进行调查。[结果]一年级护生的职业态度得分高于四年级护生(P<0.05);统招本科护生的职业态度得分高于专科升本科护生和中专升本科护生(P<0.05);影响一年级护生职业态度的因素为家庭生活压力、其他专业同学态度、求职需求、亲戚朋友的看法等,影响四年级护生职业态度的因素为病人对护理人员的态度、工作压力、收入水平、职称等。[结论]应结合护生的自身特点、职业情感、护理职业特

  9. 吸烟的冠心病患者戒烟现状及影响因素分析%Status quo and factors influencing smoking cessation in cigarette smoking patients with coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗太阳; 雷涛; 刘小慧; 彭雪梅; 康俊萍; 吕强; 王海云; 马长生

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解吸烟的冠心病患者对于吸烟问题的认识及戒烟状况,揭示戒烟及戒烟未成功的原因和影响因素,为更有效地帮助冠心病患者控烟提供参考.方法 对350例吸烟的冠心病患者进行问卷调查,包括性别、年龄、吸烟史等,采用分组分析、logistic回归分析等方法分析戒烟的影响因素.结果 350例吸烟的冠心病患者平均年龄(59.6±10.2)岁,男321例(占91.7%).57.1%(200/350)的患者已戒烟,42.9%(150/350)的患者目前仍在吸烟.将患者按年龄分两组,非老年组患者(≤65岁,n=239)戒烟率50.6%,显著低于老年组患者(>65岁,n=111)的71.2%(P4000 元/月(OR=1.828,P=0.003).结论 吸烟的冠心病患者戒烟水平和意识仍有待提高;除现有的控烟政策外,应更加关注中青年、文化程度较低、未行经皮冠状动脉介入治疗及冠状动脉旁路移植术、家人有人吸烟、体质指数及家庭总收入越高的吸烟冠心病患者的控烟活动;在针对吸烟冠心病患者控烟活动的同时对其周围环境宣传控烟活动也是迫切需要的.%Objective To investigate the status quo of smoking cessation and analyze factors influencing smoking cessation in cigarette smoking patients with coronary artery disease(CAD).Method A total of 350 smoking patients with CAD was surveyed by questionnaire,logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze factors influencing smoking cessation.Results Incidence of smoking cessation was 57.1%(200/350)in this cohort.Patients were divided into two groups,the elderlv(>65 years old,n=111)and the young group(≤65 years old,n=239).The smoking cessation rate in the elderlv group is significantly higher than in the young group(71.2%vs.50.6%,P4000 RMB/month (OR=1.828,P=0.003)are risk factors for failed smoking cessation.There are 76 patients smoking again in current smokers,most due to lack of self-control(76.3%).Compared to the elderly group,there is a higher proportion of smoking again due

  10. The status quo of the domestic and foreign iceberg competency model application%国内外护理冰山能力素质模型研究的应用现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇斐; 李继平; 刘畅

    2014-01-01

    目的 了解国内外冰山能力素质模型应用现状和发展趋势,为我国护理冰山能力素质模型进一步研究与应用提供依据.方法 查阅分析2009年以来有关国内外冰山能力素质模型应用研究,列举相关数据,了解国内外护理冰山能力素质模型的研究现状.结果 国内共检索出2009年以来主题为冰山能力素质模型的文献141篇,仅有3篇文献涉及护理领域,大多数研究涉及企业中高阶层管理人员和销售人员.国外关于冰山能力素质模型研究比较多,涉及各行各业,护理研究方向已从通用冰山能力素质模型转向对特定岗位的研究.结论 国内护理冰山能力素质模型研究起步较晚,缺乏研究的广度、深度和科学性,与国外相比有很大的差距,应深入剖析冰山能力素质模型,早期为我国护理人力资源管理的理论和实践提供一个全新的视角和一种更为有利的工具.%Objective To understand status quo of the domestic and foreign iceberg competency model application,and to provide basis for further study in the nursing iceberg competency model.Methods A literature review about the application of competency iceberg model at home and abroad since 2009 was carried out,the relevant data was listed,and the research situation of domestic and foreign nursing iceberg competency model was summarized.Results According to the 141 total literatures whose theme was the iceberg competency model,only 3 articles were related to the nursing field,while most of the iceberg competency model aimed at the study of enterprises in the high-level management personnel,sales personnel and so on.More researches on competency iceberg model were conducted abroad,involved in all walks of life,an research direction of nursing had turned from general iceberg competency model to the study of specific posts.Conclusions The iceberg competency model applied to the management of nursing human resources in China is developed

  11. 儿科诊断性 X线扫描家属知情与接受现状调查%Investigation on family members informed consent and accepting the status quo of children's diagnostic X-ray scanning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐筱; 赵志勇; 吴清美; 张华

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解建德市基层医院儿科门诊进行X线扫描治疗中,家属对X射线检查的知情同意与接受现状。方法:随机抽取建德市属3家公立综合性医院共60位接受X线扫描的儿童患者家属为调查对象,发放自制调查问卷并统计分析。结果:55位(91.67%)患者表示治疗前主治医生只告知了X射线是诊断性检查,没有具体告知X射线的危害性;18位(30%)的患者家属不清楚辐射会对人体有损害,42位(70%)不清楚或不注意辐射警示标志,更不会主动要求防护措施,学历水平较高者及有从事医务工作背景者接受 X 射线检查的为12人(20%),明显低于学历水平低者或没有从事医务工作背景者的46人(76.67%),不知可否接受的有2人(3.33%)(P<0.001)。结论:基层医院儿科诊断性X射线扫描前的知情同意告知仍需加强,儿科放射检查偏多,应避免并加强宣传和教育。%Objective:To investigate family members informed consent and accepting the status quo of children's diagnostic X-ray scanning in pediatric outpatient departments of primary hospitals of Jiande city. Methods:A questionnaire was given to 60 family members, who's children had undergone X-ray scanning in three public general hospitals of Jiande city, and then an analysis was car-ried out. Results:About 55 (91. 67%) patients said that before the treatment, the doctor just told the X ray diagnosis treatment and did not inform the harmfulness of X-ray. 18 (30%) family members of the patients were unclear to the harmfulness about radiation, and 42 (70%) family members of the patients did not know or notice the mark of radiation warning, and even did not actively ask to protect themselves. 12 (20%) with a high education background or worked in medical institutions accepted X-ray examination, which was less than the number of those with a low education background or did not working in the medical institutions (46, 76. 67%). Two cases did not know if it

  12. Investigation on the Status Quo and the Influencing Factors of"Soft Skills"of Nursing among Junior Nurses%低年资护士护理软技能现状及影响因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐艳

    2013-01-01

    Objectives:Investigate the status quo and influencing factors of soft skills of nursing among junior nurses in minority areas, and provide reference for setting training schemes for nursing staff. Methods:A total of 175 junior nurses in minority areas were investigated by administering the Assessment Scale for Soft Skills of Nursing. Results:The average total score of soft skills of nursing was 176.33±16.59 and the average score in Professional Sentiment was 29.06±3.33. Both were significantly higher than nationwide norms (P0.05). Marital status was discovered as an influencing factor of the"soft skills"among junior nurses (P<0.05、P<0.01). Conclusion:The junior nurses'"soft skills"of nursing in minority areas were better than the nationwide norm. However, it is still suggested that nurse managers should take active and responsive measures to strengthen their"soft skills", bridging the gap caused by marital status and other factors.%  目的了解少数民族地区低年资护士护理软技能水平状况,为制定护理人员培养策略提供参考依据。方法采用护理软技能测评量表对175名延边朝鲜族自治州低年资护士进行问卷调查。结果少数民族地区低年资护士护理软技能总分为176.33±16.59分,职业情操维度得分29.06±3.33,均高于全国常模(新护士),具有统计学意义(P<0.05);护理软技能5个维度中,自我管理维度得分最高(37.32±4.37),认知技能维度得分最低(22.85±3.34),与全国常模(新护士)比较无统计学意义(P>0.05)。婚姻状况成为低年资护士护理软技能影响因素(P<0.05、P<0.01)。结论少数民族地区低年资护士护理软技能高于全国常模(新护士)水平,但护理管理者仍需有针对性的加强低年资护士护理软技能的培养,减少因婚姻情况等原因造成的影响。

  13. 高水平运动员心理压力源与社会支持研究现状分析%the Status Quo of Research on the High Level Athletes’ Psychological Pressure Source and Social Support

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬生

    2015-01-01

    Taking high level athletes as the research object, this paper mainly using the literature material law method, analyzes the status quo of athletes’ psychological pressure source and the social support. The results show that the athletes’ competition pressure, interpersonal pressure, pressure of employment outlook are obviously higher than the psychological pressure source of the athletes' life stress, academic stress and environmental stress; research on athletes’ psychological pressure source while facing competition is less; the directly measuring tool of athletes psychological pressure source is less; there are differences among the social support for athletes of different gender, major project, movement grade and stress situation; social support for athlete is an important way of athletes pressure response, is one of the important ways and means to reduce athletes psychological pressure, has great significance to improve the athlete's mental health level. It is found that research on the effect of reducing athletes’ psychological pressure and improving the athletes’ mental health athletes by providing social support is rarely. According to the results of research, the causes and characteristics is analyzed and corresponding suggestions are put forward.%以高水平运动员为研究对象,主要采用文献资料法,对运动员心理压力源与社会支持的研究现状进行分析研究。结果表明:运动员比赛压力、人际关系压力、就业前景的压力明显高于运动员的生活压力、学业压力、环境压力等心理压力源;运动员临场竞赛心理压力源的研究较少;运动员心理压力源的直接测量工具较少。不同性别、专项、运动等级以及压力情境等之间,运动员社会支持之间有差异。运动员社会支持是运动员压力应对的一个重要应对方式,是减缓运动员心理压力的重要方法和手段,对提高运动员心理健康水平具有重要贡

  14. analysis on status quo of preview emergency triage and the effects of continuous quality improvement%急诊预检分诊现状分析及持续质量改进效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑星丽

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析急诊预检分诊现状及采用持续质量改进( CQI )后对分诊准确率的效果。方法回顾性分析2012年1~6月我院急诊科未实施CQI前的预检分诊漏诊、误诊及准确率状况,并与2013年1~6月实施CQI后的状况进行比较,评价持续质量改进的实施效果。结果2013实施CQI后,急诊预检分诊率(100%)、准确率(95%)、分诊过程质量考核评分(92.37±3.65)均显著高于2012年未实施CQI前( P<0.05);急诊预检分诊误诊率(2%)、漏诊率(7%)、护理纠纷率(1%)、预检分诊平均时间(35.27±6.31) s明显低于2012年( P<0.05)。结论持续质量改进能显著提高急诊预检分诊准确率,提升分诊工作效率,降低误诊、漏诊率,保障医疗安全。%Objective To explore status quo of preview emergency triage and the effects of continuous quality improvemen ( CQI) on diagnosis accuracy rate .Methods Retrospective analysis of our hospital in 2012 January to June was made in the following respects:missed diagnosis , misdiagnosis and accurate rate before the implementation of CQI triage , it was compared with the situation after implemen-ting CQI 2013 January to June , the effects of the implementation of continuous quality improvement were evaluated.Results The implement of CQI after 2013, Pre-examination and triage rate (100%) , accuracy rate (95%), patients'satisfaction (99%), triage process quality assessment score (92.37 ±3.65 ) were significantly higher than those in 2012; Preview emergency triage misdiagnosis rate (2%), the missed diagnosis (7%), nursing disputes rate (1%), preview triage average time (35.27 ±6.31) were significantly lower than those in the 2012.Conclusions Continuous quality improvement can significantly improve the accuracy of emergency triage , triage work efficiency , re-duce the rate of missed diagnosis , misdiagnosis , ensure medical safety.

  15. 三维地质建模的用途、现状、存在问题与建议%3D Geological Modeling Usage, Status Quo, Existing Problems and Suggestions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青元; 贾慧玲; 王宝龙; 董前林; 宋博辇; 魏新永

    2015-01-01

    The 3D geological modeling has already preliminarily applied in regional geological survey, mineral resources exploration, digital mining, urban geology, hydrogeology, engineering geology, environmental geology and many other fields. But during the develop⁃ment and application courses also have encountered some bottlenecks limited its forward step:(1) too complex to handle modeling soft⁃ware, hard to be controlled by wide scope grass-root mappers;(2) constraint condition of 3D modeling is too harsh, caused huge work⁃load in editing;(3) without a 3D geological modeling standard, caused model data hard to exchange and sharing;(4) no mandatory pre⁃script exploration norms, project unit willingness is not high;(5) 3D geological modeling cost, budget and payment issues. According to 3D geological modeling status quo, we suggest:(1) government should strengthen support on 3D geological modeling technical develop⁃ment;(2) the modeling should be tightly integrated with professional needs, to promote the practicability of the system;( 3) set up 3D geological modeling standard; (4) in exploration norms added on 3D geological modeling related contents; (5) 3D software developer should enhance software operability, fault-tolerant ability and degree of automation.%三维地质建模已在区域地质调查、矿产资源勘查、数字矿山、城市地质、水文地质、工程地质、环境地质等诸多领域得到初步应用,但在开发及应用过程中也遇到了限制其发展的几个瓶颈问题:(1)建模软件操作太复杂,难于为基层广大地质作图人员所掌握;(2)三维建模约束条件太严苛,编辑工作量巨大;(3)没有三维地质建模标准,模型数据难以交换与共享;(4)勘探规范没有硬性规定,项目负责单位积极性不高;(5)三维地质模型的建摸成本预算支付问题。根据目前三维护地质建模现状,建议,(1)国家应加大对三维地质建模

  16. 治疗性单克隆抗体药物的现状及发展趋势%The Status Quo and Development Trend of the Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibody Drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志明; 高健; 李耿

    2013-01-01

    After more than 30 years of development,monoclonal antibodies have become an important class of clinical drugs.Currently,these antibody drugs are used to treat many kinds of diseases,such as cancer,autoimmune diseases,infectious diseases and transplant rejection reactions.Ended in 2012,there are 29 kinds of therapeutic monoclonal antibody drugs through the FDA approval and on sale.And in 2011,there were more than 1000 kinds of antibody drugs undergoing clinical trials in the European Union or the United States,of which about 164 kinds of antibodies in clinical phase Ⅲ trials.The safety and efficacy of therapeutic monoclonal antibody drug is largely decided by the target.Some monoclonal antibody drugs in research have the same targets with the antibodies on sale,and some have the unique targets.At the same time,more and more new targets are being found.There are four kinds of the most popular targets of research:tumor necrosis factor-α,cluster of differentiation 20,epidermal growth factor receptor and vascular endothelial growth factor.Detailed review which focuses on the different targets of the monoclonal antibody drugs,whether in research or on sale,is expected to provide valuable references for the monoclonal antibody drug development trend.The status quo of monoclonal antibody drug in our country was discussed,and the development strategies in the future were proposed.%治疗性单克隆抗体药物经历了三十多年的发展,已经成为生物医药的最重要组成部分之一.在疾病治疗上具有广阔的应用前景,成功用于治疗肿瘤、自身免疫性疾病、感染性疾病和移植排斥反应等多种疾病.截至2012年已有29种治疗性单克隆抗体药物通过FDA审批并上市销售.治疗性单抗的安全性和有效性很大程度上由其作用的靶点决定,上市和在研的单抗药物有些靶向相同的靶点,有些有自己独特的作用靶点,新的作用靶点也在不断出现.以治疗性单抗的作用靶点

  17. 安徽省专科护士人力资源现状及管理策略%The analysis of human resources status quo and management strategy for specialized nurse in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔晓斐; 江启成; 宋瑰琦; 王真; 黄璐

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the work status, clinical application and management of specialized nurse, and to provide recommendations and strategies for cultivation and management of specialized nurse. Methods:A retrospective survey was conducted to investigate the qualified specialized nurse trained by Anhui training base for specialized nurses from 2006 to 2012 by self and peer-assessment. Results:Primary professional title accounted for 49.27%of the specialized nurses;92.58%of them were distributed mainly in Class III Grade A hospital and Class II Grade A hospitals;the amount of nurses trained in each institution had a large difference;82%of them were mainly engaged in general clinical nursing work, and played a relatively weak role in senior clinical practice, quality management and research. Conclusion:The status quo is still insufifcient resulting from low selection criteria, lacking of long-term planning, lacking of professional management, emphasizing the training and overlooking the employing. And they are still a young team. The role of senior clinical practice is still not fully developed.%目的:了解安徽省专科护士人力资源现状及临床使用与管理情况,为专科护士培养与管理提供建议与策略。方法:采取回顾性调查的方法,对2006-2012年间经安徽省专科护士培训基地培训并取得资格的专科护士进行自评与他评调查。结果:初级职称人员占49.27%;专科护士主要分布在三级甲等医院、二级甲等医院,占92.58%;机构间培养专科护士数量差距大;18.0%专科护士脱离原临床直接护理岗位;82%的专科护士主要从事临床一般护理,在高级临床护理实践、护理业务管理、科研等方面发挥作用不够。结论:专科护士是一支年轻的护理队伍,选拔标准低;专科护士数量配置不合理,机构培养专科人才缺乏长期规划,专科护士流失严重;医院对专科护士缺乏专职化管理,重

  18. 护理人员给药错误报告障碍现状及其个人因素分析%Status quo of nursing personnel medication errors reporting obstacles and analysis of its personal factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管玉梅; 陶艳玲; 陈娟慧; 洪晓丹; 曾秋华; 杨毅华

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the status quo of nursing personnel medication errors reporting obstacles and its personal influencing factors,and so as to provide the references for improving the reporting of nursing adverse events.Methods:A total of 392 cases of nursing personnel in a third grade A hospital in Shenzhen city received the questionnaire by using the medication errors reported obstacles questionnaire and self designed nursing personnel general scale.Results:The nursing personnel medication errors reporting obstacle was in the middle level.Not reporting of medication errors whether or not had influenced the total score of reported obsta-cles,and these dimensions including the fear,different understanding of medication errors,managers'reaction and face;whether taking care of the children or not had affected the total score of reporting obstacles,managers 'reaction and reporting labor dimensions;the average annual income affected fear and face dimensions;work ex-perience affected different understanding of medication errors dimension;position,the cognition of administra-tion time incorrect,present educational background,gender and class affected power distance dimension.Conclu-sion:Overcoming the reporting obstacles of medication errors should start from the systemic factors and per-sonal factors,improving the cognition of nursing personnel on medication errors reporting,eliminating the fear of nursing personnel about medication errors reporting,optimizing the reporting atmosphere.%[目的]探讨护理人员给药错误报告障碍现状及其个人影响因素,为完善护理不良事件的上报提供参考。[方法]采用给药错误报告障碍问卷和自行设计的护理人员一般情况表对深圳市某三级甲等医院的392名护理人员进行问卷调查。[结果]护理人员给药错误报告障碍处于中等水平,有无给药错误不上报情况影响报告障碍总分、畏惧、给药错误认识不统一、管理

  19. 脑卒中患者的社会心理现状及急诊护理干预%Psychosocial Status Quo and Emergency Nursing Intervention of Patients with Cerebral Apoplexy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红丽

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨脑卒中患者的社会心理现状,分析急诊护理干预对不良心理状况的影响.方法:180名脑卒中患者根据调查顺序平分为两组:治疗组与对照组各90例,两组都开始依据相关原则建立了常规急诊措施,治疗组患者在此基础上加用积极的护理干预措施,干预内容包括知识教育和认知行为干预两大方面.结果:两组护理干预前的四项心身功能指标无明显差异,护理干预后,治疗组的躯体功能和生活质量评分比对照组明显增高(P0.05).在行为功能变化方面,治疗组的逃避和屈服评分均高于干预前,差异具有显著意义(均P0.05),而对照组的各项指标干预前后差异均无显著意义(均P>0.05).结论:脑卒中患者的心理以负面为主,急诊护理干预可降低焦虑抑郁情绪,提高生活质量和躯体功能方,同时使患者积极寻求一切可能的社会支持,有利于心理健康的恢复.%Objective:To explore psychosocial status quo of patients with cerebral apoplexy.Methods and analyze negative effect of emergency nursing intervention on their unhealthy psychological status.Methods:One hundred and eighty patients with cerebral apoplexy were evenly divided into Treatment Group and Control Group (each 90 cases) as per investigation sequence.Routine emergency measures had been established for both groups by the principle. On this basis,Treatment Group was protected by more positive nursing intervention precautions,composed of knowledge education and cognition behavior intervention.Results:Both showed no significant difference in 4 indexes of somatic and mental functions before nursing intervention.After that,Treatment Group was significantly higher than Control Group in somatic function and scores of quality of life;however,anxiety and depression scores of Treatment Group decreased significantly (P0.05).In change of behavioural function,Treatment Group showed higher scores of avoidance and resignation than before

  20. Analysis of status quo and risk factors of self efficacy in elderly patients’fall%老年病人跌倒自我效能现状及危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽红; 宋锦平

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the status quo of self efficacy in elderly patients falling and to analyze risk factors of elderly patients fall.Methods:A total of 105 elderly inpatients in our hospital were selected from June 2014 to May 2015 and were divided into fall group with 36 cases and control group with 69 cases according to whether there were fall events during the recent one year or not.Modified Falls Efficacy Scale(MFES)was a-dopted to measure the self efficacy in elderly patients’fall.Berg balance scale(BBS)and the Biodex balance func-tion test training system were applyed to measure balance function of elderly patients.And Biodex gait analysis training system was applied for gaits analysis of patients.Results:After fall event,the MFES score in fall group was significantly lower than that in control group(P<0.05).Self efficacy of elderly patients was related to ma-rital status,educational status,emphasis and body mass index.The self balance feeling of patients in fall group was lower than that in control group.The fall index and the variation index of the left and right foot pace were higher than that of patients in control group(P<0.05).The average leg speed in walking process in fall group was slower than that in control group(P<0.05).Conclusions:In view of the self efficacy factors that affected the fall of elderly patients,corresponding intervention measures should be put forward to improve the quality of life of elderly patients,aiming at the influencing factors of self efficacy of elderly patients’fall.%[目的]调查老年病人跌倒自我效能的现状,分析影响老年病人跌倒的危险因素。[方法]选择2014年6月—2015年5月在我院住院老年病人105例,根据近1年来有无发生跌倒事件分为跌倒组36例和对照组69例。采用修正版跌倒效能量表(MFES)测量老年病人跌倒的自我效能情况,采用Berg平衡量表(BBS)及Biodex平衡功能测试训练系统测量老年病人的平衡功能。采

  1. Tribunales terapéuticos: vigilar, castigar y/o curar The drug courts: discipline, punish and/or cure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Alejandro Bravo

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available O modelo americano de tribunais para dependentes químicos está em tratativas de implantação pela justiça do Distrito Federal, Brasil. Neste modelo penal, os consumidores de drogas ilegais ficam obrigados a se tratar da sua suposta doença, diagnosticada por uma autoridade judiciária. A recusa em aceitar o tratamento implica uma punição legal. A metodologia empregada para analisar os documentos que descrevem e justificam essas políticas é a análise crítica do discurso que, com um critério hermenêutico, tenta mostrar as características ideológicas de textos e discursos e os relaciona com formações discursivas maiores.As políticas de tratamento compulsivo aos usuários de drogas provocam a penalização dos mesmos, ficando estes sob o duplo estigma de doentes e criminosos. Estas iniciativas estão relacionadas com as políticas denominadas de "Tolerância Zero" que procura incriminar grupos sociais e tipos subjetivos particulares. A crescente demanda da justiça aos profissionais da saúde mental para fazer parte deste circuito legal coloca aos mesmos perante uma eleição de caráter ético e político.The justice department of the Distrito Federal, Brazil (the municipality of Brasilia, the capital of Brazil is transacting the implementation of the american model of drug courts. In this penal model, consumers of illegal drugs are under the obligation of treating their supposed disease, diagnosed in magistrate's court by a judiciary authority. A refusal to the treatment implies in legal punishment. We used critical discourse analysis as the methodology to analyse the documents that describe and justify these policies. With hermeneutical criteria this methodology tries to point out the ideological characteristics of the texts and discourses and relates them with greater discourse formations. These policies of compulsive treatment of drug users results in penalizing the drug users themselves, placing them under the double stigma of being sick persons as well as criminals. These initiatives have a relationship with the denominated "zero tolerance" policy that tries to incriminate social groups and particular subjective types. The Justice's increasing demand of mental health professionals to become members of this legal circuit places them amid an ethical and political challenge.

  2. Um olhar sobre as benzedeiras de Juruena (Mato Grosso, Brasil e as plantas usadas para benzer e curar

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    Márcia Regina Antunes Maciel

    Full Text Available O 'benzimento' é forma antiga no tratamento de várias doenças, utilizada na Europa desde a Idade Média. No Brasil, os benzedores surgiram a partir do século XVII. Interpretações dos conhecimentos, uso tradicional dos recursos vegetais e manejo realizado por benzedores, raizeiros e parteiras são fonte de pesquisa nos estudos etnobotânicos. Benzedores indicam plantas para efeito de cura ou como amuletos protetores, com a presença destas formas de uso da flora na cultura popular. Este estudo foi realizado em Juruena, Mato Grosso, com aplicação de técnicas de observação participante, entrevistas semi-estruturadas (questões abertas/fechadas gravadas e amostras intencionais e a realizção de coleta de material botânico, depositado no Herbário da Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT. Teve o objetivo de compreender a importância das benzedeiras, identificar etnobotanicamente as plantas utilizadas, formas de prescrição e manipulação. Foram entrevistadas quatro benzedeiras no período de setembro de 2002 a novembro de 2003, as quais demonstraram um conhecimento etnobotânico expressivo. Estas benzem, preparam e receitam chás, garrafadas, banhos e ungüentos. As enfermidades tratadas foram agrupadas em duas categorias: doenças físicas (dorde-dente, dor-de-barriga, verminoses, cobreiro, arca-caída, rendidura, erisipela etc e doenças espirituais (quebranto, mau-olhado, pessoas carregadas, encosto. Foram relatadas 87 etnoespécies, distribuídas em 31 famílias botânicas, dentre as quais se salientam erva-de-Santa-Maria (Chenopodium ambrosioides L., chapéu-de-couro (Echinodorus macrophyllus MIq., quina-do-mato (Strychnos sp St.Hil., ipê-roxo (Tabebuia heptaphylla (Vell. Toledo, arruda (Ruta graveolens L., guiné (Petiveria alliacea L. e comigo-ninguém-pode (Dieffenbachia picta L. A medicina popular praticada pelas benzedeiras vem ao encontro dos anseios das pessoas que buscam alívio para seus males, com valores e herança cultural inseridos nesta prática de benzimento, que se mantém viva em Juruena

  3. Tea, Coffee, Curare, and Tropical Climate in the Experiments of the Brazilian Experimental Physiology in late Nineteenth-Century

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    Ana Carolina Vimieiro Gomes

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: this work deals with the development of the Brazilian experimental physiology in late nineteenth-century. Content: it analyzes some experiments on toxic plants, the nutritional effects of coffee, herb mate, dried meat and the food consumption in hot and cold environments, held at the Laboratory of Experimental Physiology in the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro, created in 1880. This laboratory was financed by the Imperial Government, Ministry of Agriculture, and personally supported by the emperor Pedro II. It was created and headed by the Brazilian Physician João Baptista Lacerda and the French physiologist Louis Couty. Conclusions: While its organization was based on the European physiology, its researches privileged national themes. The physiologists were interested not only on the classical issues of physiology, but on the plants and natural products that played a role on the Brazilian economy. They even created their own experimental apparatuses, such as a cold chamber for climatic studies. In order to legitimate the Brazilian physiology, in Brazil and abroad, the researchers associated scientific and practical in­terests in their studies. The chance of social-economical use of their studies could explain the interests of the Brazilian elite and the support of the Ministry of Agriculture.

  4. Del arte común de curar a España y a las Indias occidentales

    OpenAIRE

    Estela Restrepo Zea

    2010-01-01

    Desde los primeros viajes colombinos, cronistas, soldados y otros viajeros llevaron hasta Europa noticias sobre las plantas americanas acompañadas de fabulosos relatos. Como en "Las palabras y las cosas", texto que para Foucault nació a partir del libro de Borges, de ese que cita "cierta enciclopedia china", así parecen haber entrado en el discurso de la historia natural, los seres y las cosas de las Indias occidentales desde el primer viaje de Colón. Seres que se volvieron "familiares en el ...

  5. Del arte común de curar a España y a las Indias occidentales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estela Restrepo Zea

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde los primeros viajes colombinos, cronistas, soldados y otros viajeros llevaron hasta Europa noticias sobre las plantas americanas acompañadas de fabulosos relatos. Como en "Las palabras y las cosas", texto que para Foucault nació a partir del libro de Borges, de ese que cita "cierta enciclopedia china", así parecen haber entrado en el discurso de la historia natural, los seres y las cosas de las Indias occidentales desde el primer viaje de Colón. Seres que se volvieron "familiares en el Viejo Mundo, como a su edad y a su geografía". / incluye fragmento de un antidotario del siglo XVII en Cartagena de Indias. paginas 359-382.

  6. Del arte común de curar a España y a las Indias occidentales

    OpenAIRE

    Estela Restrepo Zea

    1997-01-01

    Desde los primeros viajes colombinos, cronistas, soldados y otros viajeros llevaron hasta Europa noticias sobre las plantas americanas acompañadas de fabulosos relatos. Como en "Las palabras y las cosas", texto que para Foucault nació a partir del libro de Borges, de ese que cita "cierta enciclopedia china", así parecen haber entrado en el discurso de la historia natural, los seres y las cosas de las Indias occidentales desde el primer viaje de Colón. Seres que se volvieron "familiares en el ...

  7. Del arte común de curar a España y a las Indias occidentales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estela Restrepo Zea

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde los primeros viajes colombinos, cronistas, soldados y otros viajeros llevaron hasta Europa noticias sobre las plantas americanas acompañadas de fabulosos relatos. Como en "Las palabras y las cosas", texto que para Foucault nació a partir del libro de Borges, de ese que cita "cierta enciclopedia china", así parecen haber entrado en el discurso de la historia natural, los seres y las cosas de las Indias occidentales desde el primer viaje de Colón. Seres que se volvieron "familiares en el Viejo Mundo, como a su edad y a su geografía". / incluye fragmento de un antidotario del siglo XVII en Cartagena de Indias. paginas 359-382.

  8. 智能手机在个人医疗健康管理服务领域的应用现状和发展前景%Development prospects and application status quo of smart phones in field of personal health management services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡耀婷; 李芸

    2016-01-01

    It summarized development prospects and application status quo of smart phones in the field of per-sonal health management services,based on the analysis of advantages of smart phones in the field of personal health management services,so as to provide a reference for its comprehensive application and promotion in the field of future health management.%在分析智能手机在个人医疗健康管理服务领域应用优势基础上,总结智能手机在健康管理服务领域的应用现状和发展前景,为其在未来健康管理领域的全面应用和推广提供参考。

  9. 美国、日本突发公共卫生事件应急管理体系现状及其启示%The status quo of emergency management system for sudden public health events in America and Japan and its enlightenment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊丽平; 赵庆华

    2011-01-01

    Through analyzing the status quo of emergency management system for sudden public health events in America and Japan, it suggested that highly efficient unified emergency command system and security system be constructed in China, which is helpful for the perfect and the development of emergency management system of sudden public health events in China.%通过对美国、日本突发公共卫生事件应急管理体系现状的分析,认为我国应构建高效、统一的应急指挥体系及保障体系,有助于我国突发公共卫生事件应急管理体系的完善和发展.

  10. 公共图书馆讲座业务发展现状研究——基于问卷调查数据的实证分析%Study on the Status Quo of Public Library Lecture An Empirical Analysis Based on the Data of the Questionnaire Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金龙

    2012-01-01

    了解公共图书馆讲座业务现状是实现发展创新的基础,而目前业界缺少全面、准确、详实的资料。对我国公共图书馆讲座业务发展现状的问卷调查表明:近年来我国公共图书馆讲座业务发展势头良好,取得了一定的成绩,引起了社会各界的关注,但是还面临着经费不足、专家资源匮乏、社会影响力有限、专业人才队伍薄弱等困难,制约着讲座业务的进一步发展,需要公共图书馆携手共进、共建、共享,通过行业合作走出一条创新发展的道路。%It is the foundation for development and creation that understanding the status quo of public library lec ture which lacks the comprehensive precise and detailed materials at present. Questionnaires of the status quo of public library lecture in China show that the development of China public library lecture is enjoying good momentum that has scored achievements and caused wide public concern over in recent years, but still confronts with difficulties as lack of finances, meager resources of specialists, limited influence in the society, weakness of team of profession als which confine the development of public library lecture. Public libraries need striding ahead hand in hand and join forces so as to share resources for better results and take a way of innovation and development through coopera tion.

  11. 大学生健康行为现状及其与成就动机的关系%The relationship of undergraduates' health behavior status quo and its achievement motivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡贝贝; 刘洁; 王宇潇; 贺鹭

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the health behavior status quo of undergraduates in Shan xi, analyzes the relationship between the undergraduates' health behavior and achievement motivation.MethodsThe questionnaire survey was conducted among 563 full-time undergraduates in four universities in Shanxi province. Descriptive research and analytical methods were adopted to analyze undergraduates' health behavior and its influencing factors.Results The scores of learning related behavior, support personal living habits, interpersonal behavior and stress management behavior, each dimension score were 21.25±3.31, 16.83±3.22, 31.42±5.0, 32.52±5.85.(2) The overall achievement motivation score of undergraduates was 1.12±7.95, and the pursuit of success and to avoid failure of the scores were 51.85±6.29 and 49.33±6.99 respectively. Undergraduates' health behavior and achievement motivation and its two dimensions (the pursuit of success and avoid failure) were positively correlated.(3)The logistic regression results of college students health behavior showed that gender, pursuit of success and family environment were the main influencing factors for colege students health behavior.Conclusions The colege students' health behavior in the survey were in upper level. Learning related behavior was the best, stress management behavior was the worst. It reminded us that contemporary college students stress management ability needs to be improved.Overall achievement motivation of measured objects were low.(3)The college students' health behavior was correlated with achievement motivation. It needs health promoting behavior that be more positive and corresponding with health risk behavior.%[目的]了解山西省部分高校大学生健康行为现状,分析探讨大学生健康行为与其成就动机之间的关系.[方法] 对山西省四所高校的563名全日制在校大学生进行问卷调查,采用描述性研究和分析性研究的方法分析大学生健康

  12. 中等职业学校学生人格偏离现状及其与心理韧性的关系%The slatus quo of personality dysfunction of the secondary vocational students and the correlation to resilience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐礼平; 方倩; 邝宏达; 陈晶; 王平

    2012-01-01

    total and every fact of personality dysfunction according to grade (P < 0.05,P < 0.01 ),and the quo of personality dysfunction on second year in high vocational school students was better than high and senior high vocational school students.Both parents of secondary vocational student's scored lower on relationship dysfunction( 3.96 ± 2.36),emotional deviation (3.96 ± 2.36 )and personality dysfunction( 15.50 ± 6.27 ) than Single-parent family of secondary vocational students ( 5.73 ±4.12,6.51 ± 3.72,19.78 ± 10.44).There existed great capable difference of total and every fact of personality dysfunction according to relationship with parents (P < 0.05,P < 0.01 ),and the more harmonious in parental relationship,the better in personality.There also existed great capable difference of total and every fact of personality dysfunction according to educational background of parents (P < 0.05,P < 0.01 ),and the higher degree,the better in personality.Personality dysfunction of Students of secondary vocational was negatives correlated with their resilience (Pearson correlation coefficient was between -0.064 and -0.345 for each pair).The linear regression showed that the peer relationship predicted personality dysfunction of secondary vocational students.Conclusion The personality dysfunction of secondary vocational students is affected by their parental relationships,educational background of parents,grade and resilience.

  13. 专职CRC在临床试验中的应用现状调查%Investigation on application status quo of full-time CRC personnel in clinical trials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊兴芳; 王涛

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the application of full-time research coordinator(CRC) in clinical trials and its sta-tus quo. Methods The first domestic CRC organization"the Home of CRC"was selected as the research object , the background of CRC practitioner background,income,workload and career development and career choice were obtained by using the way of the cluster sampling and questionnaire survey. Results The majority of CRC employees were young and mid-aged people,and had the pharmaceutical related background ,in which the staffs with nursing specialty and nurses working background accounted for the maximal proportion;the salary level concentrated in 4000-<5000 Yuan/month(36.39%,115/316) and 5000-<6000 Yuan/months(25.95%,82/316);60.13%of CRC considered that the assumed clinical research project occupied 80%-120%of the total workload,most of CRC were in full load working condition;personnel responsible for the number of studies were concentrated in 2-3 projects(41.46%,131/316),31.96%(101/316) of CRC concentrated in 4-5 projects,and the biggest advantages of engaging CRC were in stability,no business trip,work simplicity,etc.,plenty of time and work freedom became the reasons attracting CRC practitioners. Conclusion CRC industry is a catalyst for improving the quality and speed of clinical research and development , so that every person in this industry feel a sense of belonging and a sense of accomplishment ,which needs the joint effort of regu-lations,SMO companies and drug clinical research institutions.%目的:了解和掌握专职研究协调员(CRC)在临床试验中的应用及其现状。方法以国内首家关于CRC的组织“CRC之家”作为研究对象,采用整群抽样、问卷调查的方式,了解CRC的从业背景、收入、工作量及职业发展和职业选择等现状。结果 CRC的大多数为中青年;大多数CRC有医药相关背景,其中以护理专业和护士工作背景的员工所占比例

  14. 河北省45家三级医院病案室现状调查研究%Investigation on status quo of medical record management department in 45 tertiary hospitals in Hebei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕建波; 吕璐

    2014-01-01

    Objectives:To learn the status quo of medical record management department and give evidence of policy making by investigating 45 tertiary hospitals in Hebei Province. Methods:Unified questionnaires were used by well training investigators to carry out the survey in the selected hospitals. Results:71.11%of hospitals has set up individual medical record management department and also 71.11%of hospitals have reading room. Furthermore, 62.22%of hospitals have electronic reading room. 93.33%of hospitals use specialized network and 53.33%of which use internet. There are 15.66%of hospitals has no medical record management software and 11.11%of hospitals analyze medical quality index by hand. There are also 22.22%of hospitals tracking medical record by hand. On average, there are 11.5 staffs in medical record management department per hospital and 0.58 medical record management staff per 50 beds. There are 1.7 qualified coding staff and 2.7 coding staff in practice per hospital. The average 7 days, 3 days and 2 days of medical record archive rate are 97.30%、78.66%and 52.20%respectively. Conclusions:The common problems of medical record management can be summarized as lack of staff and low quality of staff, irrational title and major structure and low degree of informatization and archive rate, which has seriously constraint hospital medical record information accuracy and efficient utilization and also constraint clinical pathway management and DRGs promotion as well.%目的:通过对河北省45家三级医院病案室进行调查,了解病案室的基本情况,为制定有关政策提供依据。方法:制定统一调查表并进行相关培训,派专门人员深入医院进行调查。结果:有71.11%的医院独立设置了病案室,有阅览室的占71.11%,电子阅览室的占62.22%;93.33%的医院拥有内网、53.33%的使用外网;有15.66%的医院无病案管理软件,11.11%的医院不能使用计算机进行医疗质量统计指标

  15. 福建东山造礁石珊瑚资源现状及其保护%Investigating the Status Quo of Hermatypic Corals Resources and Its Protection in Dongshan Water Areas, Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜峰; 陈明茹; 杨圣云

    2011-01-01

    hermatypic corals outside the nature reserve. If the investigations were expanded to the entire Dongshan water areas, it would be more helpful for obtaining a clearer picture of the coral biodiversity. The status quo of resources,biogeography distribution, as well as biological significance of hermatypic corals in the Dongshan water area were discussed. Threats to hermatypic corals, like irrational development activities,global climate change, and alien species invasion were comprehensively analyzed. Some ecosystem-based protection and management suggestions were given, including 1) strengthening public awareness and education, 2) enhancing supervision, 3) transforming the mode of economic growth, and 4) strengthening scientific research.%造礁石珊瑚是珊瑚礁生态系统的主要组成部分,具有重要的生态价值.福建东山珊瑚省级自然保护区面积3630hm2,核心区面积约1498hm2,已记录到的珊瑚虫纲动物共3目13科32种,其中石珊瑚目6科10种,有7种造礁石珊期属于国家Ⅱ级重点保护动物,并被列入世界CITES公约()附录Ⅱ.该海域是中国大陆近岸亚热带海域造礁石珊瑚群落自然分布的北缘.本文讨论东山造礁石珊瑚的资源现状、生物地理分布和生态学意义及其正遭受的不合理开发活动、全球气候变化、外来物种入侵等威胁,并提出以生态系统为基础的造礁石珊瑚的保护与管理对策.

  16. 安徽省高职高专院校护理专职教师临床实践现状调查分析%Status Quo of Full-time Nursing Teachers' Clinical Practice in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉; 张秀军; 汪洪杰

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand status quo of full-time nursing teachers' clinical practice in higher vocational colleges in Anhui province and to provide scientific basis for enhancing quality of teachers' clinical practice. Methods A self-designed questionnaire was applied to survey 124 full-time nursing teachers from 12 higher vocational colleges in Anhui province. Results Of the total, 97 (78.2%)full-time nursing teachers had participated in clinical practice in recent two years. Teachers' cumulative clinical practice time in different age groups in recent two years indicated statistical significance (P=0.010) and they expected to participate in much more clinical practice such as medical treatment, professional study, clinical teaching, nursing management and scientific research besides clinical nursing. Though 90.7% of the teachers were engaged in clinical practice for several months without undertaking teaching task at present, only 43.5% of the teachers preferred this approach. Most teachers expected more factors would be taken into consideration as for practical place. While 94 (96.9%) teachers believed that clinical practice was beneficial to teaching, 123(99.2%) interviewees recognized the necessity of clinical practice, however, only 42 (33.9%) actively participated in the practice. Conclusion There are still many problems existing in clinical practice of full-time nursing teachers in higher vocational colleges. It is important to arrange clinical practice reasonably and scientifically and enhance the teachers ' enthusiasm and initiative so as to ensure the quality of clinical practice.%目的 了解安徽省高职高专院校护理专职教师临床实践现状,为提高教师临床实践质量提供依据.方法 采取自行设计的调查问卷,对安徽省12 所高职高专院校124 名护理专职教师进行调查.结果 近2 年已参加过临床实践的教师有97 名(78.2%).在近2 年临床实践的累计时间上,不同年龄段教师实践时

  17. Status Quo of Community Nursing for Intestinal Stoma and Its Demands%肠造口患者社区护理现状及护理需求调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张六一; 王建才; 李晶; 张静平

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查分析肠造口术后患者的社区护理现状及护理需求.方法 本研究为横断面调查,采用病例回顾的方法,选取湘雅医院和湘雅三医院2011年4月-2012年9月在普外科行肠造口的197例患者.采用自行编制的社区造口护理现状问卷、社区造口护理需求问卷进行调查,采用SPSS软件进行统计学描述和分析.结果 最终168例肠造口患者完成本调查,共涉及28家社区医院(包括乡镇卫生院):其中全部社区医院均可处理开放性伤口,6家社区医院专门开设有伤口门诊,均未开展造口门诊.44例患者(26.2%)在造口护理的问题上从未就诊于社区医院.肠造口患者不愿意到社区医院就诊的前3位原因依次是:社区医疗水平有限、没有专门的造口治疗师和没有专门的造口产品.肠造口患者及家属希望从社区医院得到的前3位护理项目依次是:指导更换造口袋的技巧、日常生活指导、并发症的观察和护理.肠造口患者和家属对社区医院的前3位建议依次是:提供全面的造口护理指导、代买造口护理产品和能够处理一般的造口并发症.结论 肠造口患者从社区医院获得的护理有限,建议基层卫生服务机构通过各种形式为造口患者提供造口护理服务及日常护理技巧指导,使患者在社区内即可得到全面的诊疗.%Objective To investigate the status quo of community nursing for patients with enterostomy and its demands. Methods Data of 197 patients having enterostomy in Xiangya hospital from April 2011 to September 2012 were analyzed retrospectively, using self-made questionnaires and SPSS software. Results A total of 168 stoma patients finished the investigation, involving 28 community hospitals ( including township hospitals ). All community hospitals could deal with open wounds, 6 had wound outpatient service, but non had stoma service. Forty - four ( 26. 2% ) patients never visited community hospitals for

  18. Analysis of status quo of nurse patient communication training and demands of low seniority nurses%低年资护士护患沟通培训现状及需求分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明霞; 谢军梅; 王玲; 熊颖超; 张海燕; 罗樱樱

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To know about the nurse patient communication ability of low seniority of nurses the sta-tus quo and requirements of nurse patient communication training,so as to provide the basis for carrying out targeted training and improving the training effect.Methods:A total of 168 low seniority nurses receiving stand-ardized training in Peking University People’s Hospital were selected and received the questionnaire survey.The questionnaire included three aspects of contents such as the basic information of nurses,receiving communica-tion training,and practical communication and contradiction processing ability.Results:72.02% of the nurses had received nurse patient communication training,73.81% of the nurses thought that it was necessary to re-ceive or receive the nurse patient communication skills training.21.43% of the nurses often encountered diffi-culties in communication with patients,41.07% of nurses thought that the patients and their families could easi-ly understand their own language;60.71% of nurses thought that they could identify the discontent of patients in advance;30.95% of nurses had nurse patient contradictions or complaints at least once.The low seniority of nurses with shortery ears of service and better language expression skills had fewer nurse patient contradic-tions or complaints(P<0.05).Conclusion:The whole communication skills.Contradiction:Identification and treatment ability of the low seniority of nurses were poor.There was still a need for nurse patient communica-tion training in the clinical work.The training form should favor the case analysis.The nurses with longer work-ing years and poor language skills should be paid attention to during training.%[目的]了解低年资护士护患沟通能力、接受护患沟通培训的现状及需求,为开展针对性培训、增强培训效果提供依据。[方法]选择北京大学人民医院规范化培训的工作年限≤5年护士168名进行问卷调查,问卷包括护士的基

  19. STATUS QUO OF RECEPTION AND CARE FOR PATIENTS WITH SENILE DEMENTIA IN PENSION AGENCIES IN CHENGDU%成都市养老机构对老年性痴呆的接收和照护现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴仕英; 董碧蓉; 丁光明; 陈建华; 庞伟

    2011-01-01

    .5% had primary education and 22.6% had middle school education; 58.1% care staff were peasants and 38.7% were unemployed or retired workers.(4) Only 21.9% care staff knew most about the senile dementia and 17.7% were familiar with the daily nursing of the patients with senile dementia.There were no professional psychological care and rehabilitative care.[Conclusion]The status quo of the reception and care for the elderly with senile dementia in Chengdu pension agencies can not be optimistic.The awareness of the senile dementia should be raised to the public, while specialized and subdivision -based pension agencies should be set up.It is quite important to strengthen professional nursing for the elderly with senile dementia.

  20. Green products in Germany. Status Quo and trends; Gruene Produkte in Deutschland. Status Quo und Trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-04-15

    The contribution under consideration supplies important insights for a systematic market monitoring of ecologic products and services. These insights are a necessary precondition for a consumer-oriented environmental policy. Living, nutrition, mobility, consumer goods also are considered as finances, total balance of green products as well as main factors and actors.

  1. Lingüística textual: quo vadis? Textlinguistics: quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingedore Grunfeld Villaça Koch

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir o futuro -- e a própria sobrevivência -- da Lingüística Textual neste milênio e os desafios que terá de enfrentar para contribuir para o desenvolvimento das Ciências Humanas numa nova era.This paper aims to discuss the future -- and the proper survival of Textlinguistics this millenium, and the challenges it has to face in order to contribute to the development of Human Sciences in a new era.

  2. Reflections on the Status Quo of the Teaching Group for College English in New Universities:The Enlightenment of a Case Study%新升本院校大学英语教师队伍现状与思考——由一个案例得到的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周湘如

    2011-01-01

    本文通过对新升本的贺州学院的大学英语教师队伍现状进行探讨,结合当前大学英语教学对教师队伍的要求,提出了对改进该学院大学英语教师队伍现状的思考,由此为其他新升本院校的对大学英语教师队伍进行科学管理提供可借鉴的经验。%Based on the exploration of the status quo of the teaching group for college English in the newly-built Hezhou University,this paper proposes the thinking on the improvement of the status of college English teaching group,aiming to provide some references for the scientific management of college English teaching group in other newly-built universities.

  3. 中国证券交易所治理现状、问题及其经营与监管博弈分析%Analysis of Management Status Quo, Problems and Game between Management and Supervision of Stock Exchanges in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹潇

    2011-01-01

    以我国证券交易所为对象,分析证券交易所治理现状、问题及其经营、监管中的激励协调,旨在考察我国证券交易所经营与监管激励失衡的内在成因及其协调对策。研究表明,为在政府监管机构和社会公众面前建立良好的声誉,交易所将采取不完全监管的策略。%With China's stock exchanges as its target, this paper analyzed management status quo, problems and promptings coordination between its management and supervision, aiming to find out the internal causes of imbalance between management and supervision promptings in stock exchanges in China and the corresponding countermeasures. Researches show that in order to establish a good fame in government supervisory institutions and the public, stock exchanges will adopt strategies of incomplete supervision.

  4. The survey to the Status Quo of the Elderly Taijiquan Movement in Hetang District of Zhuzhou City%株洲市荷塘区中老年人太极拳运动开展状况的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凯凤

    2014-01-01

    通过对太极拳运动的作用和开展状况做了大量研究,根据株洲市荷塘区中老年人太极拳运动开展的状况和问题,进行了调查和分析,提出了株洲市荷塘区开展太极拳运动健身的改进方案,为更好的发挥太极拳在社区健身的作用,并为株洲市荷塘区全面推进全民健身活动,总结经验并提出了对策。%Based on a lot of research on the effect and developments of Taijiquan , this paper conducted a survey and analysis of the status quo and problems of the elderly Taijiquan movement in Hetang District of Zhuzhou city, put forward the improvement scheme of Taijiquan fitness carrying out in Hetang District of Zhuzhou city, for better playing the role of taijiquan in the community fitness , and sum up the experience and put forward countermeasures to comprehensively promote the nationwide fitness activities in Hetang District of Zhuzhou City.

  5. The Status Quo, Evaluation and Demand of Information Service for Rural SMEs%农村中小企业信息服务的现状、评价与需求——基于山东、四川、安徽和广东省四县(区)中小企业的问卷分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志荣

    2011-01-01

    基于对四个县农村中小企业的问卷调查,分析了农村中小企业对信息服务现状的评价,剖析了农村中小企业的主要信息来源状况,揭示了农村中小企业对信息服务的需求程度,并分辫了农村中小企业信息需求的种类,从中得出相关结论和政策启示.%Based on the survey of rural SMEs in four counties, this paper analyzes the status quo of information service and the primary channels obtaining information for rural SMEs. The paper reveals the demand degree of information service for rural SMEs,and distinguishes the categories about information demand. In the end, the paper gives the correlative conclusions and enlightenments for policy.

  6. 南通5A级旅游景区标识翻译的现状及规范对策--以南通濠河风景区为例%Nantong 5A-class tourist scenic spot specification and status quo of translation strategies--in Nantong city Hao river scenic area as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉晓燕

    2016-01-01

    随着南通的经济和文化的发展,旅游业逐渐成为当地经济的一个不可缺失的重要支柱和城市形象的窗口,但是景区的标识语的翻译却存在着许多翻译失误亟待解决。本文从语言失误和语用失误两方面出发,分析了以南通濠河风景区为代表的5A级旅游景区标识翻译的失误现状及规范对策。%With the Nantong economic and cultural development, tourism has become an important pilar of local economy and the window of the city image, but the translation of the logo of scenic spot have many translation mistakes which need to be addressed. This article embarks from the two aspects of language errors and pragmatic failures, analyzes the status quo of translation mistakes represented the by Nantong city Hao river scenic area 5A-class tourist scenic spot and the countermeasures to make them standard.

  7. The Status Quo of Referees Training of Football Major Students in Guangzhou Sports University and Countermeasure to It%广州体育学院运动训练专业足球专项学生裁判员培养现状与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴鉴林

    2015-01-01

    运用文献资料法、问卷调查法以及逻辑分析法,对广州体育学院运动训练专业学生足球裁判员执法能力培养的现状、执法能力培养的方法以及执法能力培养中存在的问题进行调查分析研究,并提出改进方法,为广州体育学院运动训练专业足球专项学生足球裁判员执法能力的培养提供参考。%Using literature material law, questionnaire investigation and logical analysis, the status quo, the method and the problems of the law enforcement ability training of student football referees in Guangzhou sports university are investigated and analyzed, and the improvement measures are put forward, to provide reference for the football referees law enforcement ability training of the football major students.

  8. 民办中学英语教师专业发展现状及模式构建--以湖南省衡阳市为例%On the Status Quo and Model of English TeachersˊProfessional Development in Non - governmental Junior High School:Taking Hengyang City in Hunan for Instance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹俊飞

    2015-01-01

    以衡阳市五所民办中学的英语教师为研究对象,采用问卷调查、访谈和课堂观察等研究方法,调查了民办中学英语教师的专业发展现状,包括专业知识、专业能力及专业发展意识、途径。在此基础上,构建了民办中学促进英语教师专业发展的有效模式。%The subjects of the paper are the English teachers from five non - governmental junior high schools in Hengyang City of Hunan Province. The research adopts questionnaires,interview and class observation as research meth-ods. In the paper,the researcher explores the status quo of teachersˊ professional developments,including their profes-sional knowledge,ability and awareness. Then on the basis of research results,an effective model of professional devel-opment model is constructed for teachers.

  9. Peasants: Neglected Groups of Information Literacy Research Areas -Thinking of the Domestic Status Quo of Information Literacy Research%农民:信息素养研究领域被忽视的群体-对国内研究现状的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽

    2012-01-01

    鉴于农民信息素养研究文献量过少,本文从共词分析的角度,对我国信息素养研究领域的高频关键词进行研究,并采取多元分析和社会网络分析相结合的技术,运用SPSS和ucinet软件,绘制出信息素养研究领域的可视化图谱,探讨国内信息素养领域的研究主题,在此基础上对农民信息素养进行思考。%For the amout of peasants'information literacy is too small, this paper takes the co-word analysis as a method, analyzes high frequency keywords of information literacy, combines the technologies of multivariate analysis and social network analysis to draw the visible maps of the related knowledge domain by using the SPSS and Ueinet software, which displays the status quo of research in information literacy domain in China intuitively and figuratively, and considers the problems of peasants'information literacy based on this.

  10. Study of Status Quo and Problems in Running of Dance Department (Ⅰ)——a Case study of Dance Department in Guangzhou Xinghai Conservatory of Music%舞蹈系办学现状与问题研究(一)——以广州星海音乐学院舞蹈系为个案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡骁

    2011-01-01

    This paper summarizes the development of Dance Department of the Guangzhou Xinghai Conservatory of Music in the past eight years,pointing out the status quo and existed problems of dance education in this college and other colleges alike.The writer proposes ideas and orientation for the development of dance education in conservatory of music in the future as well as regional dance studies in order to expand an excellent platform for dance in higher education.%本文通过广州星海音乐学院舞蹈系过往八年的办学历程,对其当前现状与过程进行了必要的梳理。以点带面反映出音乐类院校舞蹈高等教育事业的发展现状及需要解决的问题,归纳出适应音乐类院校舞蹈高等教育未来发展的思路及方向,以便其更好的发展。同时,提出区域舞蹈学研究设想,以此来扩展舞蹈高等教育的优秀平台。

  11. 茅台酒的销售现状及营销对策分析——以“飞天茅台”为例%Analysis of Moutai Sales Status Quo and Its Marketing Countermeasure——A Case Study of "Fei Tian Moutai"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏巍

    2011-01-01

    依据贵州茅台酒股份有限公司的官方新闻及央视记者调查,研究了贵州茅台酒厂53度"飞天茅台"酒的供销现状,运用SWOT分析法对茅台酒的内外环境、企业自身资源状况剖析评价。针对该公司的优势、劣势、机会、威胁进行因素组合,提出了改组营销渠道、刺激终端消费、重新区隔产品、完善监督机制等营销对策。%Based on the official announcement by Kwei Chow Moutai Co.Ltd.and journalists' investigation by CCTV,this paper studies the supply and marketing status quo of "Fei Tian Moutai" spirit containing 53 percent alcohol,employs SWOT approach to analyze external and internal environment of Moutai,its own resources status.Reshuffling marketing channels,stimulating terminal consumers,re-segmenting products,perfecting supervision mechanism and other marketing countermeasures have been proposed by assembling elements of enterprise's strength,weakness,opportunities and threats.

  12. Viewpoint of Illegal Cross-border Marriage Sino-vietnamese Border Areas-- Yunnan Wenshan Funing County Illegal Cross-border Marriage Status Quo Investigation%中越边境地区跨境非法婚姻探析--云南省文山州富宁县跨境非法婚姻现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马洪波

    2015-01-01

    this article in wenshan funing county in yunnan province as an example, the sino-vietnamese border illegal cross-border marriage status quo and the causes were analyzed, and points out its violation of immigration laws and regulations in our country, and in violation of the foreign marriage laws and regulations, as well as accompanying cross-border crime, obstruction of family planning and influenced the stability of the border, and from strengthening the publicity, strict border controls, to carry out the judicial cooperation, establishing mechanisms for repatriation aspects put forward the countermeasures and Suggestions to solve the problem of illegal cross-border marriage.%文章以云南省文山州富宁县为例,对中越边境地区跨境非法婚姻的现状和成因作了分析,指出其既违反我国出入境法律法规,又违反涉外婚姻法律法规,同时还伴生出跨境违法犯罪、妨碍计划生育、影响边境稳定等问题,并从加强法制宣传、严格边境管控、开展司法协作、建立遣返机制等方面提出了解决跨境非法婚姻问题的对策建议。

  13. Status quo of iron supplementation before pregnancy and during pregnancy and its influence on anemia in pregnant and lying-in women*%孕前孕期铁剂补充现状及其对孕产妇贫血的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晓军; 蒋秋静; 林晓宁

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the status quo of the iron supplementation before pregnancy and during pregnancy and its influence on anemia in pregnant and lying-in women .Methods By adopting the stratified random sampling method ,the pregnant women with at least 37-week pregnancy or lying-in women during puerperium with hospital delivery in the midwifery institutions , moreover taking at least once blood routine examination during pregnancy or on 3 -7 d after delivery ,were taken as the research subjects .The questionnaire investigation and blood testing were applied to understand their status quo of iron supplementation and anemia .Results 2 019 pregnant and lying-in women wer einvestigated .Among them ,32 .19% of pregnant and lying-in women had the iron supplementation before pregnancy or during pregnancy .The period and frequency of iron supplementation were mainly the pregnant period and once a day .91 .54% of iron supplementation was conducted under the doctor′s guidance .The prevalence of ane-mia in the pregnant women with iron supplementation was lower than that in the pregnant women without iron supplementation . Conclusion Iron supplementation can be effective in preventing anemia of pregnant and lying-in women .It is suggested that scien-tific and rational iron supplements should be performed from prepregnancy to throughout pregnant period for reducing the occur-rence of anemia .%目的了解孕产妇在孕前孕期铁剂补充现状及其对孕产妇贫血的影响。方法选取重庆市妊娠满37周的孕妇或者在助产机构住院分娩的处于产褥期的产妇,且孕期或者分娩后3~7d内做过至少1次及以上的血常规检查者作为研究对象,运用问卷调查和血液检测方法,了解其铁剂补充现状和贫血情况。结果共调查2019名孕产妇,其中有32.19%的孕产妇在孕前孕期补充过铁剂,且频率以“每天1次”为主。91.54%的孕产妇铁剂补充是在医生指导下进行的。补

  14. THE STATUS QUO,CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES OF CHINA’S FOOD SECURITY UNDER THE NEW SITUATION- Review of the Fifth China Economic Security Forum%新形势下中国粮食安全的现状、挑战与对策--第五届中国经济安全论坛综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大为; 郑风田

    2015-01-01

    For the in-depth study and implementation of the spirit of the 18th CCP Fourth Plenary Session and for ensuring the national food security,the fifth “China Economic Security Forum---the Status Quo,Challen-ges and Strategies of China’s Food Security under the New Situation,”jointly organized by Renmin University of China and Social Science Development Center of Higher Education of the Ministry of Education,was held in Renmin University of China in November 2014.More than 1,000 Party and government officials,experts, scholars,grassroots practitioners graduating from School of Agriculture and Rural Development,Renmin Uni-versity of China,attended the conference,and conducted an in-depth discussion of the issue of the status quo, challenges and strategies of China’s food security under the New Situation.The discussion mainly focuses on“market,technology and food security”,“resources,environment and food security”,“ecology and food se-curity”,“food security in the context of globalization”,“institutional innovation and food security”and “sci-entific assessment of food safety”,etc.%为深入学习贯彻中共十八届四中全会精神,保障国家粮食安全,中国人民大学与教育部高等学校社会科学发展中心联合举办的第五届“中国经济安全论坛———新形势下中国粮食安全的现状、挑战与对策”于2014年11月在中国人民大学隆重召开。来自全国各地的中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院毕业的党政干部、专家学者、基层实践工作者1000多人出席了大会,就“新形势下中国粮食安全的现状、挑战及对策”问题进行了深入探讨。会议探讨的内容主要集中在“市场、技术与粮食安全”、“资源环境与粮食安全”、“生态与粮食安全”、“全球化背景下的粮食安全”以及“制度创新与粮食安全”、“科学评估粮食安全”等方面。

  15. Atividade eletromiográfica do vasto medial oblíquo e vasto lateral durante atividades funcionais em sujeitos com síndrome da dor patelofemural Electromyographic activity of vastus medialis obliquus and vastus lateralis muscles during functional activities in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EP Santos

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O propósito deste estudo foi avaliar a amplitude e o tempo de ativação elétrica do vasto medial oblíquo (VMO, vasto lateral longo (VLL e vasto lateral oblíquo (VLO durante atividades funcionais em portadoras da síndrome da dor patelofemural (SDPF. MÉTODOS: Participaram do estudo 20 mulheres, sendo dez do grupo controle e dez do grupo com SDPF. O sinal eletromiográfico do quadríceps foi detectado por eletrodos ativos diferenciais simples de superfície e um eletromiógrafo de quatro canais, durante atividades em cadeia cinética aberta (em um dinamômetro isocinético e fechada (através de um step e durante o agachamento. Na análise estatística foram utilizados o teste t de student e uma análise de variância (ANOVA, com método pos-hoc de Tukey, com nível de significância de pOBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the amplitude and onset of electrical activation of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO, vastus lateralis longus (VLL and vastus lateralis obliquus (VLO during functional activities in individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS. METHODS: Twenty women participated in the study: ten in a control group and ten in the group with PFPS. The electromyographic signal of the quadriceps muscle was detected using simple active differential surface electrodes and a four-channel electromyography system, during open kinetic chain activities (using an isokinetic dynamometer and closed kinetic chain activities (step and squat maneuvers. For the statistical analysis, Student's t test and ANOVA with Tukey's post-hoc method were used, with a significance level of p<0.05. RESULTS: The results suggested that the electrical activation of the VMO was less intense than in the VLO (p=0.04 and that there was greater delay in VMO onset (p=0.0023 in the group with PFPS, with regard to all of the functional activities evaluated. There was a significant difference between the VMO and VLO in relation to the activities

  16. 金融类上市公司内部控制信息披露现状研究%The Research on the Status Quo of the Information Disclosure of the Internal Control of Listed Companies of the Financial Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴勋; 南恒玮

    2015-01-01

    金融行业由于其特殊的行业性质,具有较高风险性,这就决定了必须要有健全的内部控制与之相匹配。完善内部控制评价体系对于金融业加强行业风险管理、提高管理效率、完善内部审计程序等有着积极作用。考虑到金融行业的监管特殊性和信息披露可获取性,本文选取我国金融行业43家上市公司作为研究对象,通过对其2013年内部控制信息披露情况进行现状分析,寻求内部控制信息披露中存在缺陷并提出改进对策。%Due to its special nature, the financial industry has a higher risk, which decides that a sound internal control must be needed to match the risk. Perfecting the internal control evaluation system plays a positive role in financial industry’s strengthen in-dustrial risk management, improving the management efficiency and perfecting the internal audit procedures. Considering the particu-larity in the financial industry supervision and accessibility to the information disclosure, the paper selects 43 listed companies of the fi-nancial industry in China as the research object, analyzes the status quo of the information disclosure of the internal control in 2013, seeks the existing defects in the information disclosure of the internal control and puts forward improving countermeasures.

  17. 从“东方之星”沉船事件探析我军心理救援现状及对策%Exploration and analysis on status quo and countermeasures of China military psychological first aid from the“Oriental Star” wreck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李权超; 马骏

    2015-01-01

    随着我军职能任务的拓展,部队官兵执行多样化军事任务的次数逐渐增多。各种突发事件和灾难场景会对官兵心理健康造成不同程度的冲击和影响,因此及时开展心理服务工作十分必要。笔者回顾“东方之星”客轮发生水难后,部队官兵和心理服务人员参与紧急救援工作的情况,总结了针对救援官兵展开心理服务的要点及国外类似案例和经验,并针对我军救援人员的心理服务现状,提出建设性意见。%With the expansion of military function and mission in China, the number of multiple military tasks soldiers undertaken is increasing gradually. Various emergencies and disaster scenarios can cause varying degrees of strikes and impacts on their mental health, so it is quite necessary to carry out the psychological service for officers and soldiers. The author reviewed the emergency rescue situation of officers, soldiers and mental health service personnel after the shipwreck of “Oriental Star” liner, summarized the main points of psychological service in this event and similar cases and experience from foreign countries, and constructive suggestions were put forward to aim at the psychological service status quo of Chinese military rescue workers.

  18. On the Generation of Political Trust of College Students in Network Era:Status Quo,Dimensions and Path%论网络时代大学生政治信任生成:现状、维度与路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁良; 黄清迎

    2014-01-01

    Generation of political trust is a complex mechanism system. In network era,the generation of college stu-dents’political trust need to face diversified and changeable status quo scientifically. The generative mechanism of a rela-tively stable political trust consists of multiple structural dimensions which include profit-driven, social reference, political concept education,political psychology,and political participation,political identification. Its construction path should focus on optimizing network environment to strengthen college students' political trust education;reinforcement of the effect on the pass of positive energy among college students;improvement of college students' network political concept education, cultivation of students’ network rational political psychology, expanse of their orderly political participation in network, promotion of the sense of political identity.%政治信任的生成是复杂的系统机制,网络时代大学生政治信任的生成需要科学面对多元化、多变化的现状特征。利益驱动、社会参照、政治观教育、政治心理、政治参与、政治认同等多重结构维度构成相对稳固的政治信任生成机制,其建构路径要优化大学生政治信任的网络环境、强化大学生群体间正能量传递效应、改进大学生网络政治观教育、培育大学生网络理性政治心理、扩大大学生网络有序政治参与、提高大学生网络政治认同感。

  19. 六安市农村敬老院现状及入住满意度的调查与分析%Investigation and Analysis of Status Quo and Occupant Satisfaction of Rural Nursing Home in Lu'an City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟年祥; 方昌勤

    2014-01-01

    农村敬老院入住满意度的高低是影响敬老院发展的重要因素。文章介绍了六安市农村敬老院的发展现状,并调查该市 H镇三所敬老院,取得有效样本量128份,设置环境、设施、管理、医疗、饮食五个变量,各变量包含若干子变量;先对子变量进行分析,找出造成五个方面不满意的原因;再运用SPSS (19.0版)软件分析各变量,从总体上分析影响农村敬老院入住满意度的原因,最后给出结论与建议。%The level of occupant satisfaction of rural nursing home is an important factor influencing the development of nursing home .In this paper ,the status quo of rural nursing homes in Lu'an City is de-scribed ,and then three nursing homes in H Town ,Lu'an City are investigated and 128 effective sam-ples are obtained .Five variables including environment ,facilities ,management ,medical care and food are set up ,and each variable contains a number of sub-variables .First ,the sub-variables are analyzed to determine the causes of the dissatisfaction in the above-mentioned five aspects .T hen the factors in-fluencing the occupant satisfaction of rural nursing home are analyzed by using the software SPSS 19 .0 .The corresponding conclusions and suggestions are also put forward .

  20. O papel do ligamento oblíquo no comportamento mecânico do ligamento colateral medial da articulação do cotovelo de cães SRD – alguns aspectos biomecânicos - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i2.1323 The role of the oblique ligament in the mechanical behavior of the medial collateral ligament of the mongrel dog elbow joint – some biomechanical aspects - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i2.1323

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Regina Rossi

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available O propósito deste trabalho foi analisar a contribuição mecânica do ligamento oblíquo frente ao ligamento colateral medial na articulação do cotovelo do cão. Quinze cães foram utilizados para a realização de ensaio de tração para a análise da carga, alongamento e tenacidade dos ligamentos colateral medial e oblíquo, isolados ou associados. A carga máxima e o valor da tenacidade suportada pelo ligamento colateral medial isolado foram significativamente maiores em relação ao ligamento oblíquo isolado. Quando associados, apresentaram um incremento na carga máxima, no alongamento e na tenacidade em relação aos ligamentos analisados isoladamente. Concluiu-se, portanto, que o ligamento oblíquo tem um importante papel na estabilidade da articulação do cotovelo do cão, já que aumenta a resistência à tração do ligamento colateral medial, um dos principais estabilizadores da referida articulaçãoThis study investigated the oblique ligament mechanical contribution to the medial collateral ligament of the canine elbow joint. Fifteen dogs were used for the study of the failure load, displacement, and energy absorption of the medial collateral and oblique ligaments of the canine elbow joint, associate and separately in the joint. Medial collateral ligament failure load and energy absorption were significantly higher in relation to the isolated oblique ligament. When the ligaments were associated in the joint, they presented an increment in failure load, displacement and energy absorption in relation to the ligaments analyzed separately. It was concluded, therefore, that the oblique ligament could have an important paper in the stability of the canine elbow joint, as it favors the medial collateral ligament resistance to the tensile load, one of the main stabilizer of the elbow joint

  1. Avaliação ultraestrutural do colágeno do ligamento colateral medial associado ao ligamento oblíquo da articulação do cotovelo de cão SRD após ensaio de tração - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i2.1324 Collagen ultra-structural evaluation of the mongrel dog’s medial collateral ligament associated with the oblique ligament after strain - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i2.1324

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Regina Rossi

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetivou observar a disposição das fibras colágenas do ligamento colateral medial da articulação do cotovelo do cão, quando associado ao ligamento oblíquo submetido a ensaio de tração. Para tanto, foram utilizadas 18 articulações, divididas em três grupos, em que um grupo teve o ligamento colateral medial coletado e não tracionado, outro teve o ligamento colateral medial testado isoladamente e o outro grupo teve ambos os ligamentos (colateral medial e oblíquo testados associadamente. O ligamento colateral medial, verificado por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura, apresentou um padrão ondulado e reticular das fibras colágenas quando não submetidos ao ensaio de tração, o qual não foi destruído totalmente quando associado ao ligamento oblíquo, após o ensaio. Quando analisado isoladamente, o ligamento colateral medial após ensaio de tração perde totalmente o padrão reticular, demonstrando o desgaste das fibras por resistir à tensão. O ligamento oblíquo, portanto, contribui para a integridade da arquitetura das fibras colágenas do ligamento colateral medialUltrastructural evaluation of the collagen of the mongrel dog medial collateral ligament associated to the oblique ligament after strain. The present work aimed to observe the disposition of the collagen fibres of the medial collateral ligament of the elbow joint of the dog, when associated to the oblique ligament. Thus, 18 articulations were used, divided in three groups. A group had the medial collateral ligament collected and not stretched, other group had the collateral medial ligament stretched separately and the other group had both ligaments (medial collateral and oblique stretched associately. The medial collateral ligament examined by scanning electron microscopy presented a wavy and reticular pattern of the collagen fibres when not submitted to strain, which was not totally destroyed when it was associated to the oblique

  2. Musical Education for College Students in China:Status Quo and Problems——A Case Study in Huazhong Agricultural University%我国普通高等学校学生音乐教育现状及问题探析——以华中农业大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈璋

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,more and more people pay attention to the impact of musical education on college students and musical education in colleges and universities have aroused wide attention by the whole society.Based on the investigation from some students in Huazhong Agricultural University,this paper uses questionnaire to survey the status quo of musical education.The result shows that there are three problems in musical education:students are poor in music,setting of musical courses is not reasonable and extracurricular activities of musical education for college students are not highly stressed in the school.Therefore,this paper proposes three suggestions,that is,the school should attach importance to the foundation of musical education,perfect teaching methods and teaching contents and strengthen the support of musical associations.%近年来,随着音乐教育对大学生的影响被越来越多的人所重视,普通高等学校音乐教育开始得到更多的关注。以华中农业大学学生为调查对象,采用问卷调查的方式,对其音乐教育现状进行了调查。分析发现,当前普通高等学校大学生音乐教育表现出3个方面的问题:大学生音乐基础整体较差;大学音乐课程设置不尽合理;对大学生音乐教育第二课堂不够重视。针对性地提出了普通高校音乐教育需要从基础做起、进一步完善教学方式和教学内容、加大对音乐社团的扶持力度等3点建议。

  3. 湖南粮食产业发展现状与对策研究——以水稻为主要分析对象%Status Quo of Food Industry Development in Hunan and Countermeasures-Taking Paddy Rice as a Major Analytic Object

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐胜辉

    2012-01-01

    在全球粮食危机的背景下,中国的粮食生产与贸易显得愈发重要。湖南省作为稻米生产大省,其粮食生产现状及健康发展所产生的作用显得日益重要。通过分析湖南大米发展的资源禀赋,可以看出湖南大米发展趋势良好,并具有良好的自然资源禀赋和强大的农业科技支撑力量等优势,但是湖南大米也存在生产效益较低、竞争力不强等问题。基于存在的诸多问题,提出了严格耕地管理、提高农民种粮积极性,提高水稻的产量、增加大米的产值,推进农业产业化经营、提高粮食加工能力等措施建议。%In the background of global food crisis, China "s grain production and trade becomes more and more important. As a big grain production province, Hunan Province enjoys ever-increasing importance in the status quo of food production and health development. Through the analysis of the development of Hunan rice resources endowment, we can see its developing trend, and its good natural resource endowment and the powerful supports for agricultural science and technology strength and other advantages, but together with the problems of low productivity, weak competitiveness. Based on the existing problems, it puts forward measures such as strict land management, raise farmers" enthusiasm to plant grains, increase the yield of paddy rice, increase rice production, advance agricultural industrialization, and raise grain processing capacity.

  4. 深圳市670名正常高值血压人群健康促进生活方式现况调查及分析%Survey and analysis of status quo of health promoting lifestyles of 670 people with high normal blood pressure in Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文月珍; 王英蓉; 周芳; 王韵; 饶亮

    2015-01-01

    [目的]调查分析深圳市正常高值血压人群的健康促进生活方式现状,为早期干预提供科学依据。[方法]采用健康促进生活方式量表对670名正常高值血压人群进行问卷调查。[结果]670名正常高值血压人群的生活方式总分78分~167分(131.12分±19.7分),其中优4.78%,好57.76%,一般37.16%,差0.30%。各维度按标准化得分高低排名依次是自我实现、人际关系、营养、压力管理、健康责任、运动与锻炼。[结论]正常高值血压人群的生活方式有待提高,护理人员应引导病人杜绝不良个人习惯,保持合理膳食,营造良好精神情绪及坚持运动等生活方式,从而阻止正常高值血压人群向高血压病发展。%Objective:To investigate and analyze the status quo of health promoting lifestyles of 670 people with high normal blood pressure in Shenzhen city and provide scientific basis for early intervention.Methods:A total of 670 people with high normal blood pressure were investigated by Health promoting lifestyles scale.Re-sults:The total score of lifestyles of 670 people with high normal blood pressure was among 78~1 67,4.78%of them got excellent scores,57.76% of them got good scores,37.1 6% of them got ok scores,0.30% of them got poor scores.All dimensions ranked according to the standardized scores:self realization ranked the first, followed by interpersonal relationships,nutrition,stress management and health responsibility,and the exer-cise ranked the last.Conclusion:The lifestyle of people with high normal blood pressure needs to be improved. Nurses should guide the patients to eliminate the bad personal habits,keep a reasonable diet,create good mood and keep exercising,and then to prevent the progress of high normal blood pressure.

  5. 新疆部分三级甲等医院护理人员职业倦怠现状调查%Investigation on the status quo of job burnout of nursing staff in the third grade and class A hospitals of Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏建萍; 马龙

    2011-01-01

    Objective: It probed into the status quo of job burnout of nursing staff in the third grade and class A hospitals of Xinjiang area. Method: A total of 497 nurses were measured on their job burnout by adopting general condition questionnaire and job burnout questionnaire. Results: Different type of hospital, department, age, length of service, education background, job title, post, nationality, marital status of nursing staffs had influence on every dimensions of job burnout, particularly on the two aspects of emotional exhaustion and inactive cold shoulder. Compared it with foreign Maslach norm, the job burnout state of this group nursing staff was significantly higher than that of foreign norm (P<0.01). Conclusion: Generally speaking, job burnout of nursing staff in the third grade and class A hospitals of Xinjiang is not serious. However, nursing staff have higher level of emotional exhaustion. Nursing staff with different demographic characteristics had some influences on job burnout level of them.%[目的]探讨新疆地区三级甲等医院护理人员职业倦怠现状.[方法]采用一般情况问卷及职业倦怠问卷,对新疆三级甲等专科医院和综合医院的497名护理人员职业倦怠情况进行测试.[结果]不同医院类型、科别、年龄、工龄、学历、职称、职务、民族、婚姻状况等对护理人员职业倦怠各维度有影响,尤其是情绪耗竭和消极怠慢两方面.与国外Maslach常模比较,本组护理人员倦怠状况显著高于国外常模(P<0.01).[结论]新疆三级甲等医院护理人员的职业倦怠总的来说不严重,但情绪耗竭水平较高,不同人口学特征对护士的职业倦怠水平有影响.

  6. 2011-2013年新疆精神卫生中心二类精神药品的使用现状及趋势分析Δ%Status Quo and Tendency of the Use of the Second Kind of Psychotropic Drugs in Xinjiang Mental Health Center during 2011-2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏; 武芳; 胡源

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:To analyze the status quo and the tendency of the use of the second kind psychotropic drugs (SKPDs) in our hospital for reference of rational use of SKPDs .METHODS:The use of SKPDs in our hospital during 2011-2013 period was analyzed statistically and retrospectively with regard to consumption sum , DDDs and DDC. RESULTS:The number of species of the second kind psychotropic drugs in our hospital was basically stable , yet the consumption sum of which increased year by year .The consumption sum of non-benzodiazepine drugs dominating the list over the three consecutive years , and it accounted for over 50%of total drug consumption .The DDDs of single species remained stable , leading the list was alprazolam over the three years .CONCLUSIONS:The SKPDs were the drugs under state control .The consumption of SKPDs witnessed a rapid increased in recent years .It is important to intensify monitoring on the safety and the effectiveness of SKPDs so as to improve the rational level in the use of SKPDs .%目的:了解二类精神药品在新疆精神卫生中心(以下简称“我院”)的使用现状和趋势,为临床合理用药提供参考。方法:采用回顾性分析方法,对2011—2013年我院二类精神药品的销售金额、用药频度( DDDs)、限定日费用( DDC)等项目进行统计分析。结果:2011—2013年我院二类精神药品的品种数基本稳定,销售金额逐年递增,非苯二氮�类药的销售金额连续3年排序居前列,且其销售金额构成比均在50%以上。单品种的DDDs排序保持稳定,其中阿普唑仑连续3年排序居第1位。结论:二类精神药品属国家管制药品,近年来其使用量的增长较快,应加强对其安全性、有效性的监管,提高合理用药水平。

  7. Study on status quo and influencing factors of self perceived burden (SPB)in patients with middle and high risk of diabetic foot%糖尿病中高危足病人自我感受负担的现状及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云云; 何红; 张晓义

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the status quo of self perceived burden in patients with middle and high risk of diabetic foot and its influencing factors.Methods:A total of 100 inpatients with middle and high risk of diabetic foot were investigated by using general information questionnaire and self perceived burden scale, and to analyze the influencing factors.Results:The total average score of SPB in all patients was(29.30±7.76), 88% of patients had different degrees of self perceived burden;the multivariate stepwise regression analysis showed that the important influencing factors included the income,caregiver’s health status,perceived disease severity,fasting plasma glucose,job and the ability to pay.Conclusion:The self perceived burden of patients with middle and high risk of diabetic foot is significant,and it is influenced by many factors.So clinical nursing workers should take effective inventions,reduce their self perceived burden and improve their quality of life.%[目的]调查糖尿病中、高危足病人自我感受负担的现状,分析其影响因素。[方法]采用一般资料调查表和自我感受负担量表对100例糖尿病中、高危足住院病人进行调查,并分析其影响因素。[结果]100例糖尿病中、高危足病人自我感受负担总分为(29.30±7.76)分,88%的病人存在不同程度的自我感受负担;多元逐步回归分析显示其主要影响因素包括收入水平、照顾者健康状况、自觉病情严重度、空腹血糖、职业、支付能力。[结论]糖尿病中、高危足病人自我感受负担明显,且受多种因素影响,临床护理工作者应采取有效干预措施,减轻其自我感受负担,提高其生活质量。

  8. 普通高校体育课实施分层教学的现状与发展对策研究%Research on the Status-quo and Development Countermeasures for the Layered P.E.Teaching of Higher Education Institutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓阳

    2012-01-01

    By researching the P.E.teaching outline of 36 higher education institutes(HEIs),it finds that the P.E.teaching management model of HEIs is diversified.And layered teaching has not been applied widely.By the method of literature review,questionnaire,expert interview,it makes an in-depth analysis on the status-quo of the layered teaching in the P.E.course in HEIs and finds that in the practice,there are some problems such as limited application scope,lack of layered methods,incomplete test measures,negative impact on the student self-esteem and shortage of education resources.For the existing problems,it proposes development strategy and suggestions in order to promote the implementation of layered education in the P.E.course in HEIs.It suggests that HEIs shall take layered teaching as the focus and premise,combine their own education features,and properly use teaching resources and reform P.E teaching according to their own condition.%通过对36所普通高校体育课教学大纲的调查研究,发现普通高校体育课教学管理模式呈多元化状态,分层教学尚未大范围实施。运用文献资料、问卷调查和专家访谈等方法,对当前普通高校体育课实施分层教学的现状进行深入研究,发现分层教学实施过程中存在实施范围不广泛、分层方法欠佳、考核方法不完善、学生心理有负面影响、教学资源不足等方面的问题,进而针对存在的问题,提出相应的发展对策及建议,以期推动普通高校体育课实施分层教学的进程。建议:普通高校要以分层教学为中心前提,结合学校自身办学特点,合理利用教学资源,因地制宜地开展体育课教学改革。

  9. Status Quo of Trans-department Knowledge Collaboration in Public Fields in China:Based on a Small Survey to Employees in Public Institutions%中国公共领域中跨部门知识协作现状研究--基于对公共部门工作人员的小规模调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军霞

    2013-01-01

    Collaboration among public organizations , private organizations and individuals increasingly becomes one of the key points and difficulties in public management .This paper studies the trans-department collaboration in public fields in perspective of knowledge collaboration .It descriptively anlyzes the status quo of knowledge collaboration in handling public affairs with empirical methods .It describes the frequencies of knowledge collaboration among different collaboration bodies and different collaboration patterns .It is found that the motives of knowledge collaboration in turn are:improving the efficiency and quality of public service , bettering the policy making and solving the social prob-lems more intelligently .The main obstacle hindering knowledge collaboration within public sectors is lacking of infor -mation exchange platform while the main obstacle impeding trans-organizational knowledge collaboration is the con-flicts of interests .The consideration of self-interets comes first when organizations decide whether to attend the knowl-edge collaboration .%公共部门间及公共部门与私人部门和个人的合作已经成为当前公共管理的重点和难点。从知识协作的角度探讨了公共领域中的跨部门协作,运用实证分析的方法对中国公共事务处理中的知识协作现状进行了全面深入的描述性分析,得出公共部门知识协作的动因按重要性依次为:提高公共服务的效率和质量、制定更为科学有效的公共政策以及更加智慧地解决复杂社会问题。研究发现,阻碍公共部门内部知识协作的主要障碍是缺乏统一的信息,而阻碍公共部门与外部组织及个人进行知识协作的主要障碍是协作时的利益难以协调;组织在决定是否进行知识协作时主要考虑的是组织的自身利益而非整个地区或者国家的整体收益。

  10. 基于高职商务文秘专业“PPT技术与文案策划”能力需求的现状调查及对策研究%The research and the countermeasure on the capacity requirement status quo of techniques of PPT and copy-writing of Commercial Clerks and Secretaries in the higher vocational college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    咸丰收; 张洪芹

    2015-01-01

    Commercial Clerks and Secretaries of the higher vocational colege is responsible for cultivating high-quality secretarial talents for the enterprise and public institution. The research object of the survey is the Ofice skils, Microsoft Ofice PowerPoint workplace capacity requirements and the needs of students’ abilities in higher vocational coleges. Among which, the subjects of the former are based on the investigation of Yongchuan district education, management consultancy, advertisement media and the enterprise and public institution; the later are based on the investigation of Chongqing Telecommunications Colege and Chongqing Management Colege. And the literature review takes the relevant PPT publications in the recent five years as the research model. According to the questionnaire, interview and literature studies, the status quo requirement of the research object are teased out. On the basis of that, corresponding countermeasures are put forward.%高职商务文秘专业担负着为企事业单位培养高素质文秘人才的重任。本次调查以高职商务文秘专业Microsoft Office PowerPoint办公技能的职场能力需求及学生能力需求为研究对象。其中,职场能力需求调查以永川区教育、管理咨询、广告传媒等企事业单位为调查对象,学生能力需求调查以重庆电信职业学院及重庆城市管理学院学生为调查对象,文献研究以近五年相关PPT出版物为研究范围,通过问卷调查、访谈了解及文献研究,梳理出研究对象的需求现状,在此基础上提出了相应的应对策略。

  11. 從期刊及博碩士論文分析探討台灣圖書資訊學之研究 The Status Quo of Library and Information Science Research in Taiwan: A Meta-Analysis of Journal Articles and Dissertations/Theses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James C. Ouyang

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available 本研究透過維基平台收錄圖書資訊學期刊20種共1,746篇文章,以及9所圖書資訊學系、所共311篇博、碩士論文。然後,根據圖書資訊學研究領域分類表之分類體系分成8大類,再利用Excel及SPSS進行統計分析。結果顯示期刊在8大類的分佈很平均,但文章數量卻有逐漸下滑的趨勢;博、碩士論文的研究則偏重在使用者群服務、資訊系統與檢索及資訊組織的部分。藉由群集分析可將20種期刊分成5個各有其特性的群組。從期刊及博、碩士論文的主題分佈,可看出圖書資訊學研究的狀況。This research uses wiki platform to collect 1,746 articles from 20 Library and Information Science-related journals and 311 theses and/or dissertations from 9 universities. According to Library Information Science Research Areas Classification Scheme, these articles can be divided into eight areas and analyzed statistically by applying Excel and SPSS. The result shows that the collected articles are distributed evenly in these eight research areas. However, the total amount of articles is decreasing. The research focus of theses and dissertations have mainly been on “Services to user populations”, “information systems and retrieval”, and “Organization of information”. By using cluster analysis, 20 journals can be separated into five groups and the similarities of the journals within the same group are very high. From the distribution of topics of the journals, theses and dissertations, the status quo of Library and Information Science research can be understood.

  12. The Status Quo and Counter Measures for Fostering Entrepreneurship and Innovation-minded Talents of Collegiate Sports in Anhui Province%安徽高校体育专业创新创业型人才培养现状与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王奇

    2016-01-01

    运用文献资料、访谈、问卷调查、数量统计等方法,对安徽省6所高校体育专业“创新创业”型人才培养现状进行调查统计。结果发现,安徽省高校体育专业“创新创业”人才培养形势不容乐观,主要原因:大学生思想僵化,对创新创业教育内涵认识模糊;创新创业教育师资力量不足;创新创业教育课程设置欠缺;创新创业教育实践培养缺乏;创新创业管理体制机制不健全。对此,提出缓解和解决问题的相应对策,旨在为促进安徽高校体育“创新创业”型人才培养提供参考。%By use of the literature survey,interviews,questionnaires,quantity statistics methods,an investigation was made into the status quo for turning out entrepreneurship-and innovation-minded talents of collegiate sports in 6 colleges and u-niversities of Anhui province.It was found that the overall situation in this regard is not optimistic,the chief reasons being the following:(1)college students being too stereotyped with too dim an idea for innovation and entrepreneurship education;(2) the lack of competent teachers for innovation and entrepreneurship education;(3)inadequate offer of courses concerning inno-vation and entrepreneurship education;(4)insufficient training in the teaching practice of innovation-and entrepreneurship-based education (5 )incomplete management system and mechanism for innovation and entrepreneurship education.Thus counter measures for relieving and combating these problems are put forth so as to offer some reference for promoting the culti-vation of innovation and entrepreneurship minded talents in Anhui.

  13. 高血压合并主动脉夹层病人对自身疾病预防认知现况调查%Survey of cognitive status quo of hypertensive patients complicated with aortic dissection on their oun disease pre-vention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴华莲; 范英; 丁雪茹; 吴红艳

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To know about the cognitive status quo of hypertensive patients with aortic dissection on disease prevention,analyze its influencing factors,and so as to provide evidences for taking appropriate health education interventions.Methods:A total of 382 patients with aortic dissection were investigated by using con-venient sampling method.Results:The cognitive score of prevention was(0.30 ± 0.23 ),the cognitive score of disease risk was (0.30 ±0.1 9),and the score of disease prevention knowledge was(0.29 ±0.24),the average awareness rate was 29.96%.The cognitive score of prevention was related to the level of education,occupation, nationality,family history of hypertension and hypertension classitication.Conclusion:Aortic dissection focusing on prevention,the health education for patients with hypertension should be strengthened,and improve the awareness of related knowledge,reduce the morbidity and mortality of aortic dissection patients,and then to improve the quality of life of them.%[目的]了解高血压合并主动脉夹层病人疾病预防认知现况及其影响因素,为采取相应健康教育干预措施提供实证依据。[方法]采取便利抽样的方法,对382例主动脉夹层病人进行问卷调查。[结果]预防认知得分为(0.30±0.23)分,疾病风险认知得分为(0.30±0.19)分,疾病预防知识得分为(0.29±0.24)分,平均知晓率为29.96%。预防认知得分的高低与文化程度、职业、民族、高血压家族史、高血压分级有关。[结论]主动脉夹层重在预防,应加强高血压病人的健康教育,提高其对相关知识的认知度,降低主动脉夹层的发病率与死亡率,提高病人的生活质量。

  14. Médicos ecuestres, el arte de curar y los galenos en la historia nacional (Ciudad de México, 1877-1911)

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Agostoni

    2008-01-01

    La incertidumbre y desconfianza que en ocasiones suscitó la presencia y actuación de los médicos diplomados en la ciudad de México durante el gobierno de Porfirio Díaz (1877-1911), condujo a que éstos profesionistas consideraran como esencial fortalecer, vigorizar y crear, hasta donde fuese posible, una imagen respetable, competente y homogénea de su labor profesional. Para ello, recurrieron, recrearon y adaptaron las máximas de ética médica de la cultura médica occidental a su labor profesio...

  15. Goethe, Steiner e o nascimento da arte de curar antroposófica no início do século xx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madel T. Luz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta os principais elementos do pensamento científico goetheano presentes no corpus teórico da racionalidade médica antroposófica, recentemente pesquisada por Luz e colaboradores. O método científico de Goethe é apresentado pela identificação dos fenômenos primordiais, Ürphanomen, constitutivos da essência das manifestações empíricas da natureza. Propõe‑se a superação da dicotomia entre ideia e experiência, indicando‑se que toda cisão no fenômeno é uma artificialidade portadora de obstáculos à plena compreensão da natureza. A medicina antroposófica apresenta como traço fundamental de sua cosmovisão padrões constitutivos da realidade. As chaves interpretativas desses padrões são analisadas como fenômenos primordiais, nos moldes goetheanos, de macrocosmo (universo e microcosmo (ser humano, que entram em estados dinâmicos de harmonia (saúde ou desarmonia (doença.

  16. Correção de hipotropia na posição primária do olhar mediante a tenectomia unilateral do músculo oblíquo superior próximo a inserção em estrabismo essencial Correction of hypotropia in the primary position with unilateral superior oblique tenectomy close to the scleral insertion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finzi Simone

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Os estrabismos horizontais essenciais estão freqüentemente associados a desvios verticais. A patogênese desse desvio vertical pode resultar da disfunção de músculos retos verticais, de músculos oblíquos ou da combinação de ambos. Na presença de hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior (OS, nota-se hipotropia (HoT na posição primária do olhar (PPO. O presente estudo objetivou avaliar a magnitude da correção da HoT, na PPO, mediante a tenectomia unilateral do OS.Pacientes e Método: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo, 1977 a 1996, de 15 pacientes portadores de hiperfunção unilateral do OS e hipotropia na posição primária do olhar maior que 4D , submetidos a tenectomia unilateral do OS, realizada na Santa Casa de São Paulo (12 pacientes, Universidade de Santo Amaro (2 pacientes e na clínica particular de um dos autores (CSD, 1 paciente. A média de desvio pré-operatória era de 9D . A hiperfunção média pré-operatória do músculo obliquo superior era 1,7 cruzes. Resultados: A correção média da HoT obtida foi de 4,67D ± 5,09D (-5D a 15D, (H = 6,032; p = 0,014. A modificação média da hiperfunção do OS foi de 0,87 ± 0,88 cruzes (0 a 2 cruzes. De acordo com o desvio horizontal, ET e XT, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na comparação entre os resultados obtidos na correção da HoT. Comentários: Os resultados revelaram que para HoT até 15D na PPO, houve em média correção de 51,82% do seu valor pré-operatório. Para a amostra estudada, a técnica de tenectomia unilateral do OS mostrou-se eficaz na correção do desvio vertical na posição primária do olhar.Purpose: Horizontal strabismus is commonly associated with vertical deviations which can be a result of a dysfunction of the vertical rectus, oblique muscle or both. Overaction of the superior oblique muscle (SO results in hypotropia (HoT in primary position of gaze (PP. The aim of this study was to evaluate the

  17. Status in quo and future of geothermal energy in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Xiuhua; Zhao Jun; Du Limeng

    2011-01-01

    Energy saving and CO2 emissions reduction are critical tasks currently, and great effort has been made by Chinese government. Renewable energy consumption and CO2 emissions and reduction plan in China are introduced in this paper. Analysis is also made on present status and prospect of geothermal power generation and direct use in China respectively. Now, there is a new understanding of geothermal resources, and hot dry rock, considered as the future of geothermal resources, is likely used to generate electricity.

  18. Quo vadis, USA dollar? : finantsturgude viimastest arengutest / Robert Liljequist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liljequist, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Swedbank AB Soome strateegiajuht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad USA majandust alanud aastal, dollari n.-ö turvalise valuuta staatuse kaotamise ohtu, võlakirjade ostmise vähendamist ja selle mõju USA dollarile, Euroopa Keskpanga poliitika mõju euro ja USA dollari suhtele. Swebanki prognoos USA dollari kohta

  19. Quo Vadis? LIS Postgraduate Education in the Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dizon, Fernan R.; Sagun, Karryl Kim A.; Alfiler-Macalalad, Ana Grace P.

    2011-01-01

    The paper intends to shed light on the predicament faced by many Filipino. Librarians: the lack of local institutions offering a library and information science (LIS) postgraduate degree. The paper aims to reveal the state of Philippine LIS postgraduate education by considering the number of librarians who have pursued and are still pursuing…

  20. Status Quo of Furniture Industry Development in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The main products and special zones of China’s furniture industry were presented firstly in this paper. Some features of furniture industry were reviewed, including the source countries of furniture materials, main species of furniture materials, the distribution of major producers and the main markets of China’s furniture. In addition, the management of furniture industry was described in the end.

  1. [SMON: toxicity of clioquinol and the status quo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konagaya, Masaaki

    2015-01-01

    Subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON) is a disease characterized by subacute onset of sensory and motor disorders in the lower half of the body and visual impairment preceded by abdominal symptoms. A large number of SMON were observed throughout Japan, and the total number of cases reached nearly 10,000 by 1970. Despite clinical features mimicking infection or multiple sclerosis, SMON was confirmed as being caused by ingestion of clioquinol, an intestinal antibacterial drug, based on extensive epidemiological studies. After the governmental ban on the use of clioquinol in September 1970, there was a dramatic disappearance of new case of SMON. In the 1970s, patients with SMON initiated legal actions against the Government and pharmaceutical companies, and the court ruled that the settlements would be made as health management allowances and lasting medical check-ups. The physical condition of patients with SMON remains severe owing to SMON as well as gerontological complications. The pathological findings in patients with SMON included symmetrical demyelination in the lateral and posterior funiculi of the spinal cord and severe demyelination of the optic nerve in patients with blindness. Although clioquinol may show activity against Alzheimer's disease or malignancy, its toxic effects cause severe irreversible neurological sequelae. Thus, caution must be exercised in the clinical use of clioquinol.

  2. Diversion, transition programs target nursing homes' status quo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhard, Susan C

    2010-01-01

    As millions of Americans age and exercise their preference for long-term care in the least restrictive environment, policymakers search for ways to increase community-based services. A new federal program--Money Follows the Person--is off to a slow but promising start. The program's "downstream" approach moves residents out of nursing homes and into community care settings. For example, states with mature nursing home transition programs have managed to relocate 25-35 percent of their nursing home residents to assisted living. Other programs successfully using "upstream" strategies to keep people out of nursing homes have not been widely copied. The challenge for policymakers is to maintain funding and flexibility so that nursing homes are no longer the default option for older adults and people with disabilities.

  3. Status quo of p53 in the treatment of tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Yong-Song; He, Qing; Zou, Qing

    2016-10-01

    The p53 gene is pivotal for oncogenesis in a combination of mutations in oncogenes and antioncogenes. The ubiquitous loss of the p53 pathway in human cancers has generated considerable interest in developing p53-targeted cancer therapies, but current ideas and approaches targeting p53 are conflicting. Current researches focus on cancer-selective drugs with therapeutic strategies that both activate and inhibit p53. As p53 is ubiquitously lost in human cancers, the strategy of exogenous p53 addition is reasonable. However, p53 acts not equally in all cell types; thus, individualized p53 therapy is the direction of future research. To clarify the controversies on p53 for improvement of future antitumor studies, the review focuses on the available technological protocols, including their advantages and limitations in terms of future therapeutic use of p53 in the management of tumors.

  4. Status quo and development trend of breast biopsy technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yan-Jun; Wei, Lichun; Li, Jie; Zheng, Yi-Qiong; Li, Xi-Ru

    2013-02-01

    Triple assessment is a standard method for assessment of breast diseases, which includes clinical evaluation, radiographic assessment and pathological assessment. Biopsy for breast disease is the gold standard for pathological assessment, including incisional biopsy, excisional biopsy, core needle biopsy, vacuum-assisted biopsy and bite biopsy. With the continuous advancement of diagnostic and treatment technology for breast cancer, collection of diseased tissue has also undergone a gradual transition from traditional open surgery to biopsy. This review summarizes the current situation and development of breast biopsy technology to provide an insight into the latest details such as the safety and reliability as the basis for selection of the most appropriate techniques for specific settings.

  5. Status quo and development trend of breast biopsy technology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Zhang, Yan-Jun; Wei, Lichun; Li, Jie; Zheng, Yi-Qiong; Li, Xi-Ru

    2013-01-01

    .... With the continuous advancement of diagnostic and treatment technology for breast cancer, collection of diseased tissue has also undergone a gradual transition from traditional open surgery to biopsy...

  6. Status quo and development trend of breast biopsy technology

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yan-Jun; Wei, Lichun; Li, Jie; Yi-qiong ZHENG; Li, Xi-Ru

    2013-01-01

    Triple assessment is a standard method for assessment of breast diseases, which includes clinical evaluation, radiographic assessment and pathological assessment. Biopsy for breast disease is the gold standard for pathological assessment, including incisional biopsy, excisional biopsy, core needle biopsy, vacuum-assisted biopsy and bite biopsy. With the continuous advancement of diagnostic and treatment technology for breast cancer, collection of diseased tissue has also undergone a gradual t...

  7. Coumarin versus Chromone Monoamine Oxidase B Inhibitors: Quo Vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, André; Reis, Joana; Silva, Tiago; Matos, Maria João; Bagetta, Donatella; Ortuso, Francesco; Alcaro, Stefano; Uriarte, Eugenio; Borges, Fernanda

    2017-08-24

    Because of the lack of significant disease-modifying drugs for neurodegenerative disorders, a pressing need for new chemical entities endowed with IMAO-B still exists. Within this framework, and for the first time, a study was performed to compare coumarin- and chomone-3-phenylcarboxamide scaffolds. Compounds 10a and 10b were the most potent, selective, and reversible noncompetitive IMAO-B. The benzopyrone sp(2) oxygen atom was found to be position independent and a productive contributor for the ligand-enzyme complex stability.

  8. Developmental Status Quo and Trends of Low-carbon Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liming; CAO; Xiaohua; PAN; Maobai; LI

    2013-01-01

    In order to reduce carbon emission in agricultural production,this paper has discussed the developmental trends of low-carbon agriculture in terms of developing precision agriculture,improving the efficiency of fertilizer utilization,scientific use of pesticides,water-saving irrigation,ecological control of pests and diseases,as well as energy conservation and emission reduction by agricultural machinery and other agricultural practices.

  9. Status Quo of China’s Aluminum Sheet & Strip Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Aluminum sheet & strip products are one of the major product varieties in the aluminum processing industry, they also provide indis-pensable basic materials for the development of national economy. In recent years, driven by rapid economic growth, China’s investment in aluminum sheet & strip industry continued to

  10. School Libraries in Sierra Leone's Educational System: Quo Vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kargbo, John A.

    2003-01-01

    Examines the role of school libraries in Sierra Leone's (Africa) educational system and the problems affecting their development. Discusses the need for materials to support teaching activities; sociological factors; teachers' and students' information needs; current trends and changes; rural areas with no school libraries; and lack of standards,…

  11. Germania Quo Vadis?: Dynamics of Change in German Security Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    détente imperatives of Willy Brandt in the late 1960’s. These factors of policy operated to best effect in 1989-1991, but have become more problematic in...Hacke, Die Aussenpolitik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Von Konrad Adenauer bis Gerhard Schroeder (Berlin: Ullstein Verlag, 2004, Second Edition), 66...Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Von Konrad Adenauer bis Gerhard Schroeder (Berlin: Ullstein Verlag, 2004, Second Edition), 69. 9 West German population wary

  12. E-Government in Germany: Status Quo and Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Elsas

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available According to an UN survey, only 17 countries have reached a transactional stage of E-Government, no country has reached the fully integrated or seamless stage. A technological way to support reaching the seamless stage can be the utilization of the Web services framework to implement advanced, integrated E-Government applications. The actual situation in Germany is taken here as an example to illustrate the typical problems of recent E-Government developments.

  13. Status quo of annotation of human disease variants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venselaar, H.; Camilli, F.; Gholizadeh, S.; Snelleman, M.; Brunner, H.G.; Vriend, G.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The ever on-going technical developments in Next Generation Sequencing have led to an increase in detected disease related mutations. Many bioinformatics approaches exist to analyse these variants, and of those the methods that use 3D structure information generally outperform those that

  14. Domestic Partners and "The Choice Argument": Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Coetzee Bester

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In the absence of formal legal recognition, domestic partners are required to regulate the consequences of their relationship by utilising alternative regulatory measures and remedies which are, for the most part, inadequate. The traditional justification used to differentiate between domestic partners and spouses is known by some as the choice argument. The choice argument is based on the rationale that persons who choose not to marry cannot claim spousal benefits. It understands choice narrowly as it takes into account only an objective legal impediment to marriage. As such, it has been the driving force behind the non-recognition of heterosexual domestic partnerships. Same-sex domestic partnerships, on the other hand, have until recently been recognised under the choice argument on an ad hoc basis, as there existed an objective legal impediment to their marriage, namely their sexual orientation. According to the majority of legal commentators the enactment of the Civil Union Act 17 of 2006 removed the objective legal impediment against same-sex marriage. They therefore argue that the choice argument should now be applied to both heterosexual and same-sex domestic partners equally. However, the Constitutional Court has expressed some doubt as to the correctness of this assumption. Taking into consideration the choice argument's narrow understanding of choice, together with the possible unfair discrimination caused by its application, an alternative theoretical basis for the future recognition and regulation of domestic partnerships had to be found. Three possible solutions were investigated, namely the model of contextualised choice, the function-over-form approach, and finally the Smith model. Because of the invasive effect of the latter two approaches, this study advocates for the adoption of the model of contextualised choice. If adopted it would mean that the subjective considerations of domestic partners will be taken into account and they will be afforded with a minimum degree of protection based on need. After having accepted this approach the study had to determine to what extent proposed legislation adopts a contextualised approach to choice. Accordingly, it had to be determined whether proposed legislation provides domestic partners with need-based claims while still upholding the established differences between domestic partnerships and formalised relationships. It was ultimately concluded that the proposed legislation would have the effect of blurring the differences insofar as registered domestic partnerships were concerned, the reason being that such a partnership comes into existence through a public expression of the partners' commitment and, as such, does not really fall within the ambit of the definition of a domestic partnership in the narrow sense of the word. With regard to unregistered domestic partners, it was concluded that the proposed legislation went too far in protecting unregistered partners' proprietary rights (even if only on an ex post facto basis as these claims were not based on need. It was therefore recommended that the proposed legislation be redrafted. If not redrafted the proposed legislation would have the effect not only of infringing on the autonomy of one or both of the partners but also of creating a regulatory system which does not fully appreciate the differences between marriage and domestic partnerships.

  15. Enseñanza del Castellano: ¿Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miranda Esquerre

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda uno de los más aciagos dramas nacionales: el problema de la enseñanza del castellano. El tema ha sido objeto de reflexión de múltiples foros y ha sido abordado por una gran cantidad de artículos de posición. El autor analiza las causas de la defectiva situación dela enseñanza del español y propone las posibles medidas que, en caso de asumirse, podrían sacarnos del atolladero.Sobre la base de hacer un efectivo diagnóstico de los graves errores del sistema educativo peruano, el estudioso expone sus ideas fundamentales sobre la escritura de textos, la lectura, el análisis gramatical y la cuestión lingüística peruana (nuestro rico e irreductible multilingüismo.La conclusión de las reflexiones anteriores nos conduce a una visión escéptica sobre el futuro de la enseñanza del castellano. En este sentido, el pesimismo del autor es, en el fondo, un llamado de atención: Urge un verdadero cambio de marcha en la política educativa peruana. Palabras claves: Castellano, educación.

  16. Quo vadis, USA dollar? : finantsturgude viimastest arengutest / Robert Liljequist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liljequist, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Swedbank AB Soome strateegiajuht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad USA majandust alanud aastal, dollari n.-ö turvalise valuuta staatuse kaotamise ohtu, võlakirjade ostmise vähendamist ja selle mõju USA dollarile, Euroopa Keskpanga poliitika mõju euro ja USA dollari suhtele. Swebanki prognoos USA dollari kohta

  17. Buildex environmental symposium : the status quo is not an option

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hawkin, P.; Lovins, A.; Hunter Lovins, L.

    2001-02-01

    Little has changed during the last decade in the commercial real estate industry in Canada, from the office building product perspective. The tenants pay the operating expenses, but do not make capital cost decisions affecting the inclusion of energy efficient technologies and systems. The decision to retrofit or proceed with a new project rests mainly on current rental market conditions. Energy conservation and productivity have not yet been linked from the managers' perspective. The tendency was to view innovation as being too costly and risky, and the long term vision was sometimes lacking in new developments, explaining why the commercial industry is at this crossroads. The way in which buildings are constructed and occupied in the future might now be dictated by long term supply and demand issues related to energy costs. Energy conservation methods, productivity enhancements and environmental impacts issues must be brought to the attention of owners. Comprehensive energy optimization strategies must be adopted, especially for the aging inventory of office properties. Adaptation to more costly energy efficient information systems technologies is slower from a tenant's standpoint, since they do not always recognize the benefits to be derived from them. It can be disruptive to implement energy reducing retrofits in existing buildings. The author concluded by stating that everyone must advocate energy efficiency and energy conservation within their own organization. Trends for the future were identified: super windows, photovoltaic power generation.

  18. Moldova Quo Vadis: Neutrality and European Integration? Problems of Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    public/840/en/Paper%20Nato5.doc (accessed 1 September 2007). 65 Heinz Vetschera, “Austria,” in The Missing Link: West European Neutrals and Regional...Twenty-First Century,” in Europe’s New Security Challenges, ed., Heinz Gaertner, Adrian Hyde-Price, and Erich Reiter (London: Lynne Rienner...Institutions: Bridging the Gap,” The 64th Rose- Roth Seminar, (Chisinau, Moldova), http://www.nato- pa.int/default.asp?SHORTCUT=1085 (accessed 21 February

  19. Status Quo in the First Half Year of 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The first half year of 2010 has already been one part of the history. Usually, for textile industry, we would like to give some summary words about the economic operation for the first six months: the whole textile industry saw a stable development; however, confronting with the complicated external and internal economic environment, several unstable elements would still challenge the comprehensively stable industrial development.

  20. Status Quo in the First Half Year of 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2010-01-01

    @@ The first half year of 2010 has already been one part of the history.Usually,for textile industry,we would like to give some summary words about the economic operation for the first Six ionthS:the whole textile industry saw a stable development;however,confronting with the complicated external and internal economic environment,several unstable elements would still challenge the comprehensively stable industrial development.

  1. Past, Status Quo and Future of China's Territorial Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xinwei; Wu Chuguo; Zhang Qiuming; Zhang Lijun

    2008-01-01

    Since 1949, China has witnessed four development stages of territorial planning. (1) In the 1950s the territorial planning got its start. (2) From the 1960s to 1970s territorial planning declined. (3) From, the 1980s to 1990s the first major tide of territorial planning began. (4) From the end of the 1990s to recent times the new round of territorial planning is under deliberation. Since 1998, the Ministry of Land and Resources has carried out some related work, especially in organizing pilot projects, and early research on the new round of national territorial planning. According to the need for economic and social development and the current conditions in China, it is the appropriate for China to carry out the new round of territorial planning. However, the government should correctly consider the correlations between territorial planning and other plannings, and take appropriate development action, e.g. stressingmain points for the basis of overall planning, building a territorial planning system that coordinate with national conditions, strengthening research on various supportive measures of territorial planning, summarizing and upgrading experiences obtained in pilot projects, strengthening international exchange and training talented personnel.

  2. Chinese Transformation Policies for 2015 and Beyond: Quo Vadis?

    OpenAIRE

    Im-Soo Yoo

    2015-01-01

    The year 1949 witnessed the founding of modern China under the leadership of Mao Zedong and the Communists. The nation was unified after a century of humiliation at the hands of the Western powers and after being divided amongst warlords, Communists and Nationalists. Mao began to develop a Chinese version of Communism while implementing key tenets of Marxist theory. These actions included the nationalization of land and property in order to impose collectivization. These policies failed an...

  3. On Programmed Cell Death in Plasmodium falciparum: Status Quo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelbrecht, Dewaldt; Durand, Pierre Marcel; Coetzer, Thérèsa Louise

    2012-01-01

    Conflicting arguments and results exist regarding the occurrence and phenotype of programmed cell death (PCD) in the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Inconsistencies relate mainly to the number and type of PCD markers assessed and the different methodologies used in the studies. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge and empirical evidence for PCD in the intraerythrocytic stages of P. falciparum. We consider possible reasons for discrepancies in the data and offer suggestions towards more standardised investigation methods in this field. Furthermore, we present genomic evidence for PCD machinery in P. falciparum. We discuss the potential adaptive or nonadaptive role of PCD in the parasite life cycle and its possible exploitation in the development of novel drug targets. Lastly, we pose pertinent unanswered questions concerning the PCD phenomenon in P. falciparum to provide future direction. PMID:22287973

  4. Science Education in Arab States: Bright Future or Status Quo?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dagher, Zoubeida R.; BouJaoude, Saouma

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the current state of science education in Arab states and anticipates some of the challenges faced by those states as they reform their science education. After discussing problems of illiteracy, access and quality we provide contextual information about the structure of the educational systems and describe recent efforts to…

  5. Normalisation and weighting in life cycle assessment: quo vadis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pizzol, Massimo; Laurent, Alexis; Sala, Serenella

    2017-01-01

    as research gaps in normalisation and weighting. Based on this information, the article wants to provide guidance to developers and practitioners. The underlying work was conducted under the umbrella of the UNEP-SETAC Life Cycle Initiative, Task Force on Cross-Cutting issues in life cycle impact assessment...... for normalisation and weighting according to a set of five criteria: scientific robustness, documentation, coverage, uncertainty and complexity. Results and discussion: The survey results showed that normalised results and weighting scores are perceived as relevant for decision-making, but further development...... as well as to developers of the underlying methods....

  6. 2013 Aspen Winter Conference on particle physics: Higgs Quo Vadis

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    By winter of 2013, the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC will establish their discovery of a new Higgs-like particle with a mass around 125 GeV. The new data will shed light on its properties. Many fundamental questions in Physics will start to get their answer. The 2013 Aspen Winter Conference on particle physics will bring together experimentalists and theorists, creating an ideal environment to present and discuss the implications of the Higgs discovery in the framework of the Standrad Model and beyond. The conference will be formulated to encourage close collaborations and active exchange of information, which is crucial for making progress on this central topic of particle physics.

  7. 3D laser lithography: Quo vadis? (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegener, Martin

    2017-02-01

    3D printing on the macroscale is a huge trend worldwide. Ultimately, one would like to 3D print anything, including complete functional devices. Apart from boosting printing speed and pushing spatial resolution to the nanometer scale, 3D printing of many different materials poses a major challenge. In 2D graphical printers, thousands of different colors can be printed from just three color cartridges. By analogy, future 3D printers may print thousands of effective (meta-)materials from just a few materials cartridges. These metamaterials should not only be tailored in terms of their optical properties, but also electrical, magnetic, thermodynamic, mechanical, and bio-chemical.

  8. Standardisation of bioindication methods in Germany - status quo and prospects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nobel, W. [Fachhochschule Nuertingen (Germany). Univ. of Applied Sciences

    2002-07-01

    Bioindication methods have been used in monitoring air quality since the 1970s. It is an essential instrument for describing the cause chain of effect - immission - emission. The Commission on Air Pollution Prevention (KRdL), which is a joint committee of the German Association of Engineers (VDI) and the German Institute for Standardisation (DIN), is involved in standardising the scientifically based and practically tested bioindication methods. New guidelines for bioindication are found in the Guidelines Series 3957 'Biological Measuring Techniques for the Determination and Evaluation of effects of Air Pollutants on Plants (Bioindication)'. The objective must be to have established bioindication methods that are standardised within Europe, for grass culture, green cabbage or lichen mapping. Only so, can a guarantee be given that within the EU, the situation of the environment be justifiably analysed, documented and assessed, so that measures can be taken to limiting effects, which is the actual aim of air pollution control. (orig.)

  9. Digitale Bibliothek Österreich : Status quo und Perspektiven

    OpenAIRE

    Bauer, Bruno

    2000-01-01

    Globally digital libraries are being set up. The Austrian academic libraries are also continuously developing modules for the digital library (catalogues, databases, electronic full-text journals) and present them on their websites. The structure and integration of the individual modules as essential criteria for digital libraries until now have been neglected. Moreover, a concept for a common “Digital Library of Austria” is still missing. Following a description of the current websites of...

  10. Financial support of graduate programs in Brazil: quo vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helene, A F; Xavier, G F

    2006-07-01

    Graduate programs provide the highest level of formal education and thus are crucial for the development of any country. However, official Brazilian data clearly show a dramatic decrease in the number and values of scholarships available to graduate programs in Brazil over the last few years, despite the importance and growth of such programs. Between 1995 and 2004, investment by the Coordenadoria de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal do Ensino Superior (CAPES, subordinate to the Ministry of Education and Culture) in funding scholarships, corrected for inflation in the period, actually decreased by 51%. In addition, during the period between 1994 and 2004, there was a loss of about 60% in the purchasing power of the graduate scholarships provided by CAPES and the National Council for Science and Technology (CNPq). To reverse this trend, we propose the development of sectorial funding for Brazilian graduate programs to guarantee the availability and continuity of financial support for this strategic activity.

  11. Quo Vadis Venomics? A Roadmap to Neglected Venomous Invertebrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjoern Marcus von Reumont

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Venomics research is being revolutionized by the increased use of sensitive -omics techniques to identify venom toxins and their transcripts in both well studied and neglected venomous taxa. The study of neglected venomous taxa is necessary both for understanding the full diversity of venom systems that have evolved in the animal kingdom, and to robustly answer fundamental questions about the biology and evolution of venoms without the distorting effect that can result from the current bias introduced by some heavily studied taxa. In this review we draw the outlines of a roadmap into the diversity of poorly studied and understood venomous and putatively venomous invertebrates, which together represent tens of thousands of unique venoms. The main groups we discuss are crustaceans, flies, centipedes, non-spider and non-scorpion arachnids, annelids, molluscs, platyhelminths, nemerteans, and echinoderms. We review what is known about the morphology of the venom systems in these groups, the composition of their venoms, and the bioactivities of the venoms to provide researchers with an entry into a large and scattered literature. We conclude with a short discussion of some important methodological aspects that have come to light with the recent use of new -omics techniques in the study of venoms.

  12. Status Quo of Drug Supervision in China(Part Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Ⅲ. Policies and Measures Concerning Drug Safety SupervisionBased on its national conditions and learning from international advanced ex-perience, China has formulated policies and measures concerning the improve-merit of drug safety, effectiveness and quality control, and established a regula-tory system covering research, produc-tion, distribution and use of drugs.

  13. Prospect for kidney bioengineering: shortcomings of the status quo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peloso, Andrea; Katari, Ravi; Murphy, Sean V; Zambon, Joao P; DeFrancesco, Anna; Farney, Alan C; Rogers, Jeffrey; Stratta, Robert J; Manzia, Tommaso M; Orlando, Giuseppe

    2015-04-01

    Dialysis and renal transplantation are the only two therapeutic options offered to patients affected by end-stage kidney disease; however, neither treatment can be considered definitive. In fact, dialysis is able to replace only the filtration function of the kidney without substituting its endocrine and metabolic roles, and dramatically impacts on patient's quality of life. On the other hand, kidney transplantation is severely limited by the shortage of transplantable organs, the need for immunosuppressive therapies and a narrow half-life. Regenerative medicine approaches are promising tools aiming to improve this condition. Cell therapies, bioartificial kidney, organ bioengineering, 3D printer and kidney-on-chip represent the most appealing areas of research for the treatment of end-stage kidney failure. The scope of this review is to summarize the state of the art, limits and directions of each branch. In the future, these emerging technologies could provide definitive, curative and theoretically infinite options for the treatment of end-stage kidney disease. Progress in stem cells-based therapies, decellularization techniques and the more recent scientific know-how for the use of the 3D printer and kidney-on-chip could lead to a perfect cellular-based therapy, the futuristic creation of a bioengineered kidney in the lab or to a valid bioartificial alternative.

  14. Application of Liposomes in Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis: Quo Vadis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhupinder Kapoor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The most common treatments for rheumatoid arthritis include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, corticosteroids, disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs, and some biological agents. However, none of the treatments available is able to achieve the ultimate goal of treatment, that is, drug-free remission. This limitation has shifted the focus of treatment to delivery strategies with an ability to deliver the drugs into the synovial cavity in the proper dosage while mitigating side effects to other tissues. A number of approaches like microemulsions, microspheres, liposomes, microballoons, cocrystals, nanoemulsions, dendrimers, microsponges, and so forth, have been used for intrasynovial delivery of these drugs. Amongst these, liposomes have proven to be very effective for retaining the drug in the synovial cavity by virtue of their size and chemical composition. The fast clearance of intra-synovially administered drugs can be overcome by use of liposomes leading to increased uptake of drugs by the target synovial cells, which in turn reduces the exposure of nontarget sites and eliminates most of the undesirable effects associated with therapy. This review focuses on the use of liposomes in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and summarizes data relating to the liposome formulations of various drugs. It also discusses emerging trends of this promising technology.

  15. Quo Vadis Venomics? A Roadmap to Neglected Venomous Invertebrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Reumont, Bjoern Marcus; Campbell, Lahcen I.; Jenner, Ronald A.

    2014-01-01

    Venomics research is being revolutionized by the increased use of sensitive -omics techniques to identify venom toxins and their transcripts in both well studied and neglected venomous taxa. The study of neglected venomous taxa is necessary both for understanding the full diversity of venom systems that have evolved in the animal kingdom, and to robustly answer fundamental questions about the biology and evolution of venoms without the distorting effect that can result from the current bias introduced by some heavily studied taxa. In this review we draw the outlines of a roadmap into the diversity of poorly studied and understood venomous and putatively venomous invertebrates, which together represent tens of thousands of unique venoms. The main groups we discuss are crustaceans, flies, centipedes, non-spider and non-scorpion arachnids, annelids, molluscs, platyhelminths, nemerteans, and echinoderms. We review what is known about the morphology of the venom systems in these groups, the composition of their venoms, and the bioactivities of the venoms to provide researchers with an entry into a large and scattered literature. We conclude with a short discussion of some important methodological aspects that have come to light with the recent use of new -omics techniques in the study of venoms. PMID:25533518

  16. Methanation of carbon oxides. History, status quo and future perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaltner, W.; Rakoczy, R.A. [Clariant SE, Muenchen (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    With increasing demand in fossil sources and especially crude oil based energy carrier, proven reserves will be diminishing. Besides alternative and sustainable sources the conversion of coal into fuels which can be distributed within the existing infrastructure becomes extremely important in areas of fast growing energy demand. Driver for these technologies is mostly the lack of crude oil and availability of coal like in China or South Africa. The most common way to convert coal into chemicals and fuels is the gasification to yield a gas mixture known as synthesis gas. Synthesis gas can be converted in highly pure methane used as 'substitute natural gas' (SNG) in gas grids of major cities to produce heat at home and industry. All available SNG technologies are characterized by the difficulty to control the extreme heat release of the methanation reaction. This presentation will give an overview on available gasification and methanation technologies from recent point of view. A lot of processes are already described in literature and there are pilot and real plants for methanation and especially SNG built. Moreover, a new process to produce methane from synthesis gas without the need of recycle streams and high temperatures will be introduced. This novel process developed by Foster Wheeler - using catalysts from Clariant - is called 'VESTA Process' in accordance with the Roman goddess of hearth and fire. (orig.)

  17. Epidemiology and prevention of cardiovascular disease: Quo vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Backer, Guy

    2017-05-01

    With observational epidemiological studies it has been possible in the 1950-60 s to identify what has been called cardiovascular risk factors. The multifactorial origin of atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease has been elucidated and in multifactorial intervention trials it was demonstrated that lifestyle changes related to smoking, diet and exercise can prevent the incidence of premature cardiovascular events. The application of that knowledge at the level of the community has resulted in a reversal of the cardiovascular disease epidemic. More investment is needed in the prevention of the development of cardiovascular risk from childhood onwards. More studies are needed to examine the long-term effects of low-intensity exposure to environmental factors on the cardiovascular system using the most appropriate study design and biosensors. More epidemiological studies are needed to evaluate societal changes on cardiovascular disease. Given the actual knowledge on how to prevent cardiovascular disease there is a need for a shift from aetiological epidemiological research into preventive research.

  18. Sino-Indian Relations:Status Quo and Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Gang

    2004-01-01

    At the turn of the century, sharp changes in Sino-Indian relations have drawn wide attention of the international community. Relations between the two countries, improved and developed since they restored exchanges of ambassadors in 1976, suffered heavy setbacks because of India' nuclear tests in May 1998. But both sides have proceeded in all cases from the overall public interest and made joint efforts, hence quickly overcoming their temporary difficulties. Ever since June 1999, the two nations have restored and developed ties on the basis of the Five Principles. The past five years have witnessed obvious improvement and rapid development of relations between the two sides. This can be seen from the following respects.

  19. Research Status Quo and Future of Low Temperature Wheat Genotypes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Low temperature wheat genotypes are a group of wheat with a slightly low canopy (plant) temperature, and the research on their biological characters and utilization in wheat breeding has been done at home and abroad for more than 20 years, and has made great progress. The research contents and advances include the following respects: Wheat genotypes with slightly low canopy temperature have been verified to exist in nature; these wheat genotypes, which present cold temperature, are superior to conventional wheat materials in some important biological characters and particularly prominently in metabolic function and cellular structure; when they suffer stresses such as drought, high temperature and overcast and rainy weather, they still retain their superiority in some of their important biological characters and therefore have a wide range of ecological adaptability; slightly low canopy temperatures of these genotypes are closely correlated with low temperatures of their second heat sources and their vigorous plants; since their low canopy temperatures can be inherited, they can exert favorable influence on the temperatures of their offspring while crossing with other wheat materials, and in particular, the discovery of cold-source wheat as a contributor to low temperature, has further formed good conditions for breeding high and stable quality low temperature wheat varieties with a high and stable yield. Thus, low temperature wheat genotypes are of great research importance and have great prospects.

  20. Self-Fitting Hearing Aids: Status Quo and Future Predictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keidser, Gitte; Convery, Elizabeth

    2016-04-12

    A self-contained, self-fitting hearing aid (SFHA) is a device that enables the user to perform both threshold measurements leading to a prescribed hearing aid setting and fine-tuning, without the need for audiological support or access to other equipment. The SFHA has been proposed as a potential solution to address unmet hearing health care in developing countries and remote locations in the developed world and is considered a means to lower cost and increase uptake of hearing aids in developed countries. This article reviews the status of the SFHA and the evidence for its feasibility and challenges and predicts where it is heading. Devices that can be considered partly or fully self-fitting without audiological support were identified in the direct-to-consumer market. None of these devices are considered self-contained as they require access to other hardware such as a proprietary interface, computer, smartphone, or tablet for manipulation. While there is evidence that self-administered fitting processes can provide valid and reliable results, their success relies on user-friendly device designs and interfaces and easy-to-interpret instructions. Until these issues have been sufficiently addressed, optional assistance with the self-fitting process and on-going use of SFHAs is recommended. Affordability and a sustainable delivery system remain additional challenges for the SFHA in developing countries. Future predictions include a growth in self-fitting products, with most future SFHAs consisting of earpieces that connect wirelessly with a smartphone and providers offering assistance through a telehealth infrastructure, and the integration of SFHAs into the traditional hearing health-care model.

  1. Integration of fisheries into marine spatial planning: Quo vadis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janssen, Holger; Bastardie, Francois; Eero, Margit;

    2017-01-01

    The relationship between fisheries and marine spatial planning (MSP) is still widely unsettled. While several scientific studies highlight the strong relation between fisheries and MSP, as well as ways in which fisheries could be included in MSP, the actual integration of fisheries into MSP often...... the drivers for fishermen's behaviour, seasonal dynamics and long-term spatial changes of commercial fish species under various anthropogenic pressures along their successive life stages, the effects of spatial competition on fisheries and projections on those spaces that might become important fishing areas...

  2. Gynaecology - Quo vadis? Situation Analysis, National and International Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brucker, S Y; Simoes, E; Wallwiener, D

    2014-12-01

    In a large and heavily networked specialty like gynaecology it is a particular challenge with regard to future status to achieve excellent patient care, research and teaching. At the same time not only hospitals but also research facilities are experiencing increasing pressure from performance and competition sides in terms of survival and further development on the clinical, scientific and economic fronts. The numerous changes, including paradigm shifts, in medicine, society, the health-care system and scientific innovations present new challenges to the specialty. This leads to questions about priority, problem areas and weaknesses as well as to new opportunities for the field and the overall question if it will be possible to meet the paradigm shifts and problems by the creation of new structures. In the light of the need for and the potential of design measures, this article presents a SWOT analysis of the specialty's situation as a whole and in particular for gynaecology in German universities. One sees additional demands that add up to an expansion of the tasks. At the same time the shortage of new recruits becomes apparent. A broadening of the perspectives on women's health and individualised medicine come into focus. Partial solutions include new supporting structures, capacity measurements as well as even structural options. In particular, the department structure, that is common abroad, opens an opportunity for specialisation while maintaining unity for a broader further training and strengthened research. Chances and strengths of the specialty are especially effective in coordinated and concerted activities.

  3. Gynaecology – Quo vadis? Situation Analysis, National and International Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brucker, S. Y.; Simoes, E.; Wallwiener, D.

    2014-01-01

    In a large and heavily networked specialty like gynaecology it is a particular challenge with regard to future status to achieve excellent patient care, research and teaching. At the same time not only hospitals but also research facilities are experiencing increasing pressure from performance and competition sides in terms of survival and further development on the clinical, scientific and economic fronts. The numerous changes, including paradigm shifts, in medicine, society, the health-care system and scientific innovations present new challenges to the specialty. This leads to questions about priority, problem areas and weaknesses as well as to new opportunities for the field and the overall question if it will be possible to meet the paradigm shifts and problems by the creation of new structures. In the light of the need for and the potential of design measures, this article presents a SWOT analysis of the specialtyʼs situation as a whole and in particular for gynaecology in German universities. One sees additional demands that add up to an expansion of the tasks. At the same time the shortage of new recruits becomes apparent. A broadening of the perspectives on womenʼs health and individualised medicine come into focus. Partial solutions include new supporting structures, capacity measurements as well as even structural options. In particular, the department structure, that is common abroad, opens an opportunity for specialisation while maintaining unity for a broader further training and strengthened research. Chances and strengths of the specialty are especially effective in coordinated and concerted activities. PMID:25568466

  4. Teaching Practice at the University of Namibia: Quo Vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Aletta

    2013-01-01

    Teaching Practice in the four-year secondary education degree is unfortunately rated low in the teacher preparation programme at the University of Namibia due to dependence on other faculties for the prescribed academic content. Teaching Practice has to be arranged around the placement of academic courses which form part of the Bachelor of…

  5. Status Quo and Prospect on Mobile Database Security

    OpenAIRE

    Tao Zhang; Shi Xing-jun

    2013-01-01

    Mobile database is a specialized class of distributed systems. There are some security challenges because of the dispersed nature of the mobile database application and hardware deviceconstraints. Therefore, the security issue of mobile database is analyzed in this paper. We will research the security in terms of mobile device, operating system on mobile device, mobile network and mobile database. Moreover, various security vulnerabilities on mobile database is recognized. Some appropriate t...

  6. Teaching Racism: Using Experiential Learning to Challenge the Status Quo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loya, Melody Aye; Cuevas, Mo

    2010-01-01

    Teaching about racism creates challenging issues for educators and students alike. Using experiential learning and a public-access curriculum to teach about racism and social inequality, graduate and undergraduate students participated in this elective course. The hybrid "minimester" course focused on affective responses to classroom activities,…

  7. Sino-Japanese Relations: Cooperation, Competition, or Status Quo?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Based on the diplomatic aims of the April 11-13, 2007 Sino- Japanese summit held between Chinese Premiere Wen Jibiao and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe ...assistance (ODA) projects funded with Japanese money getting more attention now, than they did in the 1980s and 1990s.53 Prior to the Wen- Abe ...business leaders to stop visiting the Yasukuni shrine.59 When Prime Minister Abe took office, his “no confirmation, no denial” policy on Yasukuni shrine

  8. Nutzenbewertung diagnostischer Maßnahmen - quo vadimus?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vach, Werner; Gerke, Oke

    2015-01-01

    approaches and outline some of the issues on which a consensus is required to allow their successful use in benefit assessment. Furthermore, we indicate some of the developments related to the paradigm of individualized care that may influence the use of benefit assessments for diagnostic studies...

  9. RESEARCH rN SOUTH AFRTCA - QUO VADIS?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gold fields, this country would still have had a subsistence economy. So we have ... breakthrough the whole institution benefits. ..... 2 % to our foreign exchange although at present it con- ... Wlwt ore the pros and cons on research for and in.

  10. Der neue „Feminalismus“ – Quo vadis femina?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Schmitz

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Anhand der Bücher von Hilde Neunhöffer und Natalie Angier wird die neue Forschungsrichtung des „Feminalismus“ kritisch beleuchtet. Die Aufwertung naturalisierter Weiblichkeitsprinzipien in der Evolutionsforschung und in neuen Körperkonzepten liegt dabei voll im Trend der Zeit, wie die positive Resonanz quer durch wissenschaftliche wie feministische Rezensionen zeigt. Genauere Analyse deckt jedoch die gleiche Zirkelschlusspraxis zur Naturalisierung von Geschlechterunterschieden in diesen Konzepten auf, die feministische Naturwissenschaftsforschung an der biologisch-medizinischen Forschung kritisiert. Die gleichzeitige Ignoranz, ja Verdammung feministischer Kritik durch die Autorinnen als subjektiv und damit unwissenschaftlich birgt die Gefahr, dass biologistischer Feminalismus in Zukunft als wissenschaftlich „akzeptierte“ Richtung die kritische feministische Forschung verdrängen soll.

  11. Induction - organisational renewal and the maintenance of status quo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elkjær, Bente; Sprogøe, Jonas

    2010-01-01

    is recognized, organizational idiosyncrasies, ways of doing and taken-for-granted aspects can be thrown up for discussion and thus potentially change or stabilize organizational practice based on persons and institutional order. Research limitations/implications: The paper adds to the growing academic debate......Purpose: Induction is the process of newcomers entering and becoming part of an organization. In one sense newcomers represents an opportunity for organizations to learn and change, but in another sense newcomers are instigated into an existing institutional order. The purpose of this paper...... of a Danish retail bank and a Danish management consulting company. The data is based on 30 semi-structured interviews and on some observations in the case companies. The data has subsequently been analyzed phenomenologically and thematically in light of a pragmatist understanding of learning. Findings...

  12. Status quo and development trend of lost foam casting technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan Zitian

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Lost foam casting (LFC technology has been widely applied to cast iron and cast steel. However, the development of LFC for Al and Mg alloys was relatively slower than that for cast iron and cast steel. The application of LFC to Al and Mg alloys needs more effort, especially in China. In this paper, the development history of LFC is reviewed, and the application situations of LFC to Al and Mg alloys are mainly discussed. Meanwhile, the key problems of LFC for Al and Mg alloys are also pointed out. Finally, the prospects for LFC technology are discussed, and some special new LFC technologies are introduced for casting Al and Mg alloys. In future, the development trends of green LFC technology mainly focus on the special new LFC methods, metal material, coating, heat treatment, new foam materials as well as purification technology of tail gas, etc.

  13. Status quo and development trend of lost foam casting technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Zitian; Jiang Wenming; Liu Fuchu; Xiao Botao

    2014-01-01

    Lost foam casting (LFC) technology has been widely applied to cast iron and cast steel. However, the development of LFC for Al and Mg aloys was relatively slower than that for cast iron and cast steel. The application of LFC to Al and Mg aloys needs more effort, especially in China. In this paper, the development history of LFC is reviewed, and the application situations of LFC to Al and Mg aloys are mainly discussed. Meanwhile, the key problems of LFC for Al and Mg aloys are also pointed out. Finaly, the prospects for LFC technology are discussed, and some special new LFC technologies are introduced for casting Al and Mg alloys. In future, the development trends of green LFC technology mainly focus on the special new LFC methods, metal material, coating, heat treatment, new foam materials as wel as puriifcation technology of tail gas, etc.

  14. Fremmedspråk på barnetrinnet - quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Bjørke

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Artikkelen har som hovedtema fremmedspråk på barnetrinnet, og tar for seg muntlig kompetanse elever på 7. trinn har tilegnet seg i faget spansk. Fokus er på lytte- og samtalestrategier samt ulike læringsarenaer og språklig input. I artikkelen belyses også hvilke kompetanser forfatterne mener vil bli viktige i fremmedspråkopplæringen på barnetrinnet i årene framover.

  15. Research in the Mont Terri Rock laboratory: Quo vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bossart, Paul; Thury, Marc

    During the past 10 years, the 12 Mont Terri partner organisations ANDRA, BGR, CRIEPI, ENRESA, FOWG (now SWISSTOPO), GRS, HSK, IRSN, JAEA, NAGRA, OBAYASHI and SCK-CEN have jointly carried out and financed a research programme in the Mont Terri Rock Laboratory. An important strategic question for the Mont Terri project is what type of new experiments should be carried out in the future. This question has been discussed among partner delegates, authorities, scientists, principal investigators and experiment delegates. All experiments at Mont Terri - past, ongoing and future - can be assigned to the following three categories: (1) process and mechanism understanding in undisturbed argillaceous formations, (2) experiments related to excavation- and repository-induced perturbations and (3) experiments related to repository performance during the operational and post-closure phases. In each of these three areas, there are still open questions and hence potential experiments to be carried out in the future. A selection of key issues and questions which have not, or have only partly been addressed so far and in which the project partners, but also the safety authorities and other research organisations may be interested, are presented in the following. The Mont Terri Rock Laboratory is positioned as a generic rock laboratory, where research and development is key: mainly developing methods for site characterisation of argillaceous formations, process understanding and demonstration of safety. Due to geological constraints, there will never be a site specific rock laboratory at Mont Terri. The added value for the 12 partners in terms of future experiments is threefold: (1) the Mont Terri project provides an international scientific platform of high reputation for research on radioactive waste disposal (= state-of-the-art research in argillaceous materials); (2) errors are explicitly allowed (= rock laboratory as a “playground” where experience is often gained through experimental failures); (3) the Mont Terri Rock Laboratory is open to visitors, and guided tours make a significant contribution to enhancing public acceptance, particularly with respect to local communities and critical citizens who are open to, and interested in, the technical and societal issues of radioactive waste disposal.

  16. Status quo for partier - tvivl om S-styrke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2007-01-01

    ANALYSE: Selv om snittet af martsmålingerne akkurat flytter ét mandat fra S til V, hæfter Altingets valgforsker sig ved stabiliteten. Udgivelsesdato: 9. april 2007......ANALYSE: Selv om snittet af martsmålingerne akkurat flytter ét mandat fra S til V, hæfter Altingets valgforsker sig ved stabiliteten. Udgivelsesdato: 9. april 2007...

  17. Status quo, challenges and strategy in Conservation Biology

    OpenAIRE

    Zhigang Jiang; Keping Ma

    2009-01-01

    Research on hot environmental issues in modern society stimulates the growth of Conservation Biology. A new trend is that traditional social sciences are merging with Conservation Biology, which marks the birth of the Conservation Science. Conservation Biology has a mission that needs extensive participation, however, Internet users in China showed little interests in the concepts of conservation biology and biodiversity according to the Google Search. Developing countries have major share of...

  18. The pentafluorostyrene endeavours with atom transfer radical polymerization - quo vadis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvilsted, Søren

    2014-01-01

    by exploitation of the very labile para-fluorine demonstrates new material architecture possibilities through very mild reaction conditions. Finally the utility of PFS in various conducting materials is elaborated. The amphiphilic nature of PFS in triblock copolymers with polyethers has been exploited for Li+ ion...... electrolytes. The convenient grafting of PFS through ‘click’ chemistry to a polysulfone and subsequent phosphonation of the PFS grafts seem very beneficial for the fabrication of proton conducting materials with high conductivity...

  19. Study on status quo and correlation between self management and negative emotion of type 2 diabetes inpatients%住院2型糖尿病病人自我管理与负性情绪现状及相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李饶; 袁丽

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the status quo and correlation between self management level and negative emotion of type 2 diabetes inpatients.Methods:A total of 230 cases of inpatients with type 2 diabetes were se-lected as the research obj ects from a third grade A hospital in Chengdu city,and they were investigated with the type 2 diabetes self management behavior scale,self rating anxiety scale and self rating depression scale.Re-sults:The total score of self management in inpatients with type 2 diabetes was 83.25 ±20.71,the standard score was 63.87 which was at a moderate level;anxiety score was 48.64±11.04,95 patients with anxiety(41.3%);depression score was 50.42±11.33,93 patients with depression(40.4%);The anxiety level was negatively cor-related with the self management level (r=-0.188,P<0.01),and the depression level was negatively corre-lated with the self management level (r=-0.242,P<0.01).Conclusion:When the medical personnel made individual health education for the weak links of self management of diabetes patients,they should pay attention to evaluate the psychological state of the patients in order to reduce the impact of negative emotion on self man-agement.%[目的]探讨住院2型糖尿病病人自我管理水平与负性情绪现状及相关性。[方法]选取成都市某三级甲等医院230例住院2型糖尿病病人为调查对象,采用2型糖尿病自我管理行为量表、焦虑自评量表、抑郁自评量表进行调查。[结果]住院2型糖尿病病人自我管理总分(83.25±20.71)分,标准分63.87分,呈中等水平;焦虑得分(48.64±11.04)分,有焦虑者95例(41.3%);抑郁得分(50.42±11.33)分,有抑郁者93例(40.4%);焦虑水平与自我管理水平呈负相关(r=-0.188,P<0.01),抑郁水平与自我管理水平呈负相关(r=-0.242,P<0.01)。[结论]医务人员针对糖尿病病人自我管理薄弱环节进行个体化健康教育时,应注重其心理状态的评估,减少病人负性情绪对自我管理的影响。

  20. urvey on the Status quo of Administrative Mechanism in University Students Work Team---A Case Study of Baoshan University%高校学生工作队伍的现状与管理机制--以保山学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李广; 宋桂娟

    2015-01-01

    高校学生工作队伍是高校开展思想政治教育、素质教育、实践活动和日常管理工作的主体,是高校有序开展教育教学活动的核心力量。加强高校学生工作队伍的管理,能够最大限度地调动他们的积极性、主动性,提高管理成效和工作质量。本研究采用自编问卷和访谈法,从选聘机制、培训机制、考评机制、激励机制和监督约束机制五个方面对保山学院学生工作队伍的现状进行调研,发现高校学生工作队伍管理普遍存在管理理念相对落后、管理制度不健全、管理环节不完善、人力资源不足、权责不清、队伍发展缺乏软实力等问题,并针对这些问题分析原因,提出完善政策导向下的管理制度,强化学生工作队伍的管理,促进学生工作队伍的职业化、专业化和专家化发展等措施。%University students work team is the main body to carry out ideological and political educa-tion,quality education,practice and daily management.Meanwhile it’s the core force in carrying out educational and teaching activities in universities.The universities should strengthen the students’af-fair management and stimulate their enthusiasm and initiative,and thus improve its management effi-ciency and quality of work.The survey is conducted in terms of employment mechanism,training mechanism,evaluation mechanism,incentive mechanism and supervision mechanisms by employing questionnaire and interviewing method.Thus,the status quo of management mechanism like weak upper management,inadequacy of institutional guarantee,disorderliness of management system,lack of human resources,interlacement of power and responsibility,incompleteness of career planning, and lack of soft power in team development is analyzed.In order to promote the professionalization, specialization of student work team,it also puts forward measures to strengthen its institutional de-velopment and management.

  1. 《茶经》与《续茶经》的模因母本效应与对外传播现状%The Memetic Effects of The Classic of Tea and The Sequel to the Classic of Tea and their Translation Status Quo in the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜怡; 姜欣; 包纯睿; 开蓉

    2014-01-01

    “The Classic of Tea” written by Lu Yu in the Tang Dynasty and “The Sequel to the Classic of Tea” by Lu Ting-Cun in the Qing Dynasty are two representative masterpieces of Chinese tea culture .The former ,being held as the first monograph on tea ,initiated the world’s tea literature ,while the latter , with its rich citation and profound reviewing ,compiled the essence of all the tea classics between the Tang to the Qing dynasties .Since both works are endowed with special elements for memetic multiplication , they justifiably deserve references ,citations ,and translations into other languages .However ,the inter-lingual cross-cultural introduction to the two classics is far from satisfactory .This paper intends to point out that the status quo may probably be caused by two factors :one is the restriction of non-native transla-tors’ foreign schemata ,w hich is natural and unavoidable ,and the other is their personal intention in the respective quotation ,w hich maybe subjective or even prejudiced .Based on the illustration and analysis of relevant examples taken from some foreign writers in Japan and the United States ,the paper has discussed these phenomena and validated the conclusion that native Chinese translators ,with a better merge of his-torical vision with the original authors and more compassion on the aesthetic perception of the original works ,should possess undeniable advantages in the mission of reinforcing the memetic influence of Chi-nese tea classics and spreading them out into the world .%唐代陆羽所著的《茶经》和清代陆廷灿的《续茶经》是我国茶文化典籍的代表作。前者是世界首部茶叶专著,开创了历史先河;后者带有明显的类书性质,为我国古代茶典籍集大成者。因此,这两部古代茶著都具备较强的模因母本效应,被某些异国作者在其作品中直接引用或者翻译成书,从而使其语言文化模因在一定范围内得以复制繁衍,但

  2. A study on the status quo of forest type and evaluation of naturalness and managerial level in hongtian village in Yung-an%永安市洪田村森林类型现状及森林自然度与经营度评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡丽秋; 邓华锋

    2013-01-01

    After taking sample plot survey of all stand in hongtian village in Fujian Province ,then analysis all various types of forest resources direct at the status quo, we knew that the region' s native vegetation has been almost non-existent, the major existing natural forest are broad-leaved, and the main managerial object is the large-area china fir. The double evaluation system which including the naturality (including labor system and non-labor system, seven subclasses, VI level) and the management and protection level (four kinds) was established. In Hongtian, the total area of broad-leaved forest is 35.3%, of which7.9% in general-managerial level (business management and protection degree less than 2) ,but 27.4% was poor; fir stand was up to 40.6%, but in low naturalness, of which 33.4% in IV naturalness and well-managed(the management and protection level is 3); The proportion of exotic species Eucalyptus was 4.7%, which naturalness is low (V class) and in general managerial level (=2); the area proportion of orchards was 9.4% and most of them was in high managerial level (=3).%在对福建省洪田村所有林分采用样地调查后,对该村的各种类型的森林资源进行现状分析,该地区的原生植被已经几乎不存在,现存的天然林多以阔叶林为主,大面积的杉木林是主要的经营对象.建立了自然度(分人工系统和非人工系统,7小类,分Ⅵ级)和经营管护度(4种)双重评价体系对洪田村的森林进行了评价,占总面积比35.3%的阔叶林,其中27.4%处于无经营管护状态,7.9%的管护一般(经营管护度低于2);杉木林高达40.6%,但自然度偏低,其中33.4%的处于Ⅳ级,管护状态良好(3级);外来树种桉树4.7%经营度一般(2级),且自然度极低(V级):果树林9.4%,管护程度良好(3级).

  3. 湖南省2所高校护理本科生非技术技能的现状及影响因素研究%Status Quo of Nursing Undergraduates’ Non-technical Skills and Its Influencing Factors in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佘兰; 曹建平; 倪超; 李潘; 段功香

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status quo of non-technical skills of nursing undergraduates and analyze the influencing factors so as to provide scientific basis for improving non-technical skills in higher nursing education. Methods Four hundreds and ninety-eight undergraduates of two universities in Hunan province were recruited by convenient cluster sampling and assessed with non-technical skills scale, and the data were analyzed by SPSS17.0. Results The average score of non-technical skills was 3.64±0.39, which indicated students’ non-technical skill was in moderate or above level;the score of humanistic care was the highest and that of leadership management the lowest. Influencing factors of nursing undergraduates’ non-technical skills included grade, professional interest, social practice participation and mother’s educational background. Conclusion Nursing undergraduates’ non-technical skills is in a moderate or above level and more opportunities to participate in social practice should be offered to students to cultivate their professional interest, thus further improve their non-technical skills.%目的:调查护理本科生非技术技能的现状,分析其影响因素,为提升护理本科生的非技术技能水平提供依据。方法采用整群抽样法抽取湖南省2所高校498名护理本科生采用《护理专业本科生非技术技能测评量表》进行抽样问卷调查,并应用SPSS 17.0对所有数据进行统计学处理。结果护理本科生非技术技能总均分为(3.64±0.39)分,处于中等偏上水平,其中人文关怀技能因子得分最高,领导管理技能因子得分最低;影响护生非技术技能的因素有社会实践、专业兴趣、成绩排名、年级和母亲的文化程度。结论湖南省2所高校护理本科生非技术技能处于中等偏上水平,高校教师应多给学生提供参与社会实践的机会,培养护生的专业兴趣等,从而进一步地提高护理

  4. Efeitos da eletroestimulação do músculo vasto medial oblíquo em portadores de síndrome da dor patelofemoral: uma análise eletromiográfica Effects of electrical stimulation of vastus medialis obliquus muscle in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome: an electromyographic analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana R. Garcia

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: O uso da eletromiografia de superfície (EMG-S tem sido considerado como instrumento de avaliação quantitativa na síndrome da dor patelofemoral (SDPF. Tratamentos conservadores objetivam melhorar o alinhamento patelar, e a estimulação elétrica do músculo vasto medial oblíquo (VMO tem sido considerada por ser seletiva e não causar irritação articular. OBJETIVO: Verificar o efeito de um programa de fortalecimento muscular com estimulação elétrica do VMO na SDPF por meio da capacidade de avaliação da EMG-S. MÉTODOS: Participaram deste estudo 10 mulheres jovens (idade: 23,1±4,9 anos; massa corporal: 66,8±14,0 kg; estatura: 1,63±6,9 cm; IMC: 25,1±5,6 kg/m² com SDPF unilateral, as quais realizaram o teste funcional de subir degrau para captação da atividade eletromiográfica dos músculos VMO e vasto lateral (VL, antes e após um programa de estimulação elétrica do VMO. A eletroestimulação foi realizada três vezes por semana, durante seis semanas. Foram consideradas, para análise entre VMO e VL, as variáveis razão do tempo do início até o pico de ativação, razão da integral do sinal (teste t para amostras dependentes e diferença de início de ativação (teste de Wilcoxon, com n��vel de significância de pBACKGROUND: The use of surface electromyography (SEMG has been considered a tool for quantitative assessment of patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS. Conservative treatments aim to improve patellar alignment, and electrical stimulation of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO muscle has been considered effective because it is selective and does not cause joint irritation. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the efficiency of a muscle strengthening program with electrical stimulation of the VMO muscle in PFPS by SEMG. METHODS: A group of ten young women (age: 23.1±4.9 years; body mass: 66.8±14.0 kg; height: 1.63±6.9 cm; BMI: 25.1±5.6 kg/m² with unilateral PFPS participated in the

  5. 重庆市基本公共卫生服务流程化管理现状及对策研究%Study on Status Quo of the Process Management of Public Health Service and Countermeasures in Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麦陈耀; 蒲川

    2012-01-01

    目的:为促进基本公共卫生服务均等化提供参考.方法:通过对流程化管理的定义、原则等方面的阐述,根据重庆市基本公共卫生服务流程化管理实施运用的现状,分析流程化管理中存在的问题,针对问题提出优化建议.结果:流程化管理中存在的问题有流程环节重复,造成成本花销大;延用传统的管理模式不便于流程化管理的实施;基层工作人员对流程化管理不熟悉,工作积极性不高,导致服务效果不好,效率低下;缺少科学的考评机制,使员工工作“力不从心”;“以居民、患者为中心”的服务宗旨还未得到彻底落实,影响服务结果;存在阻碍流程化管理实施的问题;流程图只张贴不应用,造成误导患者;各部门缺少信息交流平台,导致沟通有限,信息不流通,流程没有“入乡随俗”;领导和管理者的观念和管理业务素质有待提高.结论:通过优化目标,节约流程成本,为居民提供更优质的基本公共卫生服务;提高服务效率,全面覆盖基本公共卫生服务;优化服务质量,提高居民满意度来提高资源的使用,促进公共卫生服务均等化的实现.%OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for promoting the equalization of basic public health services. METHODS: Through interpreting the definition and principle of process management, according to the status quo of process management of basic public health services, the problems of process management were analyzed to put forwards optimization suggestions. RESULTS: The problems of process management were repeated process and high cost; traditional management models which continue to be used do not facilitate the implementation of process management; primary staff are not familiar with process management and poorly motivated, leading to ineffective and inefficient service; absence of scientific evaluation mechanism allows employees to be "powerless"; the principle of "residents and

  6. Research on Problems Relating with Status Quo of Extracurricular Physical Exercise by Girls in Boarding High School---Taking Zengcheng City of Guangzhou as an Example%高中寄宿女生课外体育锻炼现状的相关问题研究--以广州增城市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱伯聪

    2015-01-01

    采用文献资料法、访谈法、问卷调查法、数理统计法等研究方法,随机抽取增城市寄宿制高中学校部分女生、学校领导、体育教师以及班主任为调查对象,了解增城市高中寄宿女生参加课外体育锻炼的现状,分析影响女生参与课外体育锻炼的相关因素。主要结论:大部分高中寄宿女生参加课外体育锻炼的态度积极、动机明确,但存在主动性不高、次数不够、时间短、运动强度不合理等现象;学生学习负担过重、缺少同伴、没养成锻炼习惯等因素,在一定程度上制约高中女生参加课外体育锻炼。建议:通过多种教育途径,提高高中女生的体育文化知识水平,强化体育锻炼参与意识,落实阳光体育运动,保障体育锻炼时间。%With methods of literature,interview,questionnaire and mathematical statistics,the paper randomly selects some girls in boarding high schools,school leaders,P.E.teachers and teachers in charge of classes as its investigation objects to understand the status quo of extracurricular physical exercise by boarding high school girls and analyzes relevant factors affecting girls’participation in extracurricular physical exercise.The paper mainly concludes that most boarding high school girls have a positive attitude and clear motive toward extracurricular physical exercise,but phenomena such as low initiative,small number of times,short duration of time, unreasonable exercise intensity also exist.Factors like heavy burden of studying,lack of companions and failure to develop the habit to exercise have restricted high school girls’participation in extracurricular physical exercise to some degree.The paper suggests improving the level of high school girls’knowledge in sports culture through a variety of education ways;strengthening the awareness of participating in physical exercise and ensuring the time length for physical exercise to carry out sunlight

  7. 综合医院非专科心理障碍诊治的现状、困难及对策%The Status Quo, Difficulties and Strategy of Psychological Disorders as a Psychological Non-specialist in General Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛家亮

    2013-01-01

    There is no doubt that with the rapid change of the society, psychological disorders is becoming one of the major diseases affecting human health. General hospital has gradually become the main battlefield of the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders. But correspondingly, we have not yet fully ready for the battlefield. General hospital, especially the psychological non-specialists, is facing difficulty in dealing with this new wave of disease, which results in misdiag-nosis and mistreatment in clinical practice. It is also a global problem. In spite of the continuous effort to strengthen measures to improve the situation, the problem has not been fundamentally improved. Therefore, only through the breakthrough of concepts and innovation of methods can the situation be changed. Based on his own long-term research results and clinical experience, the author put forward some new ideas and methods, pointing out the status quo of general hospital, particularly those of the non -psychological departments, the difficulties encountered and the strategies on how to effectively deal with? the situation.%毋庸置疑,随着社会的迅速变迁,心理障碍正成为影响人类健康的主要疾病之一,综合医院也逐渐成为心理障碍诊治的主要战场,但与之相应的是我们还没有充分准备好应对之策,综合医院尤其是心理非专科医生,作为面对这新一轮疾病浪潮的主体更是无所适从,其结果在临床上造成心理障碍的漏诊误治屡见不鲜,这也是一个全球性的问题,对此虽然也有不断的呼吁要重视和加强相关措施的改进,但经过数年努力,问题并没有得到根本改善,所以,需要从观念上的突破和方法的创新才能扭转这一状态.笔者结合自己长期的研究结果及临床经验,将就此对综合医院特别是心理非专科面临心理障碍的现状、遇到的困难以及如何有效应对的策略进行阐述,提出了一些较新的观点和方法,希望有所启示.

  8. Core competence status quo of nurses in community health service centers in main urban region in Chongqing city and its influencing factors%重庆市主城区社区卫生服务中心护士核心能力现状及影响因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志伟; 谢莉玲; 张小敏; 操帅; 杨雯茜

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To survey the core competence status quo and influencing factors of nurses in community health service centers in Chongqing city.Methods:A total of 358 registered nurses from 18 community health service centers in the main urban area in Chongqing city were selected by cluster sampling.The survey was con-ducted by using the General Information Questionnaire and the Community Nurses Core Competency Question-naire and to analyze the influencing factors.Results:The total score of community nurses’core competence was (187.96±35.57)in the main urban area in Chongqing city;the average score of all items was(3.35±0.63);the scores of all dimensions from high to low were(3.63±0.69)in community nursing practical ability,(3.57±0.67) in communication (3.39±0.68)in legal ethics practical ability(3.22±0.74)in professional development abili-ty,and(3.21±0.66)in critical thinking ability.Multiple linear regression analysis showed that job title,educa-tion background and monthly income were the influencing factors of community nurses’core competence(R2=0.57).Conclusion:The core competence of community nurses in the main urban area in Chongqing city was at the middle level.The community managers should formulate targeted management measures to improve the core competence of nurses in community and provide guarantee for enhancing community nursing service quality and level.%[目的]调查重庆市主城区社区卫生服务中心护士核心能力的现状及其影响因素。[方法]采用整群抽样法抽取重庆市主城区18所社区卫生服务中心的358名注册护士,使用一般资料调查表及社区护士核心能力调查问卷对其进行调查,并分析其影响因素。[结果]重庆市主城区社区护士总体核心能力得分为187.96分±35.57分,条目均分为3.35分±0.63分,各维度得分由高到低为社区护理实践能力(3.63分±0.69分)、沟通协调能力(3.57分±0.67分)、法律伦理实践能力(3.39分±0.68

  9. Status Quo of Critical Thinking and Its Influencing Factors of Nursing Specialists in Hong Kong from Guangzhou%广州市赴港培训专科护士批判性思维特质现状及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董文; 李亚洁; 陈媛; 杨静; 李梅

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status quo of critical thinking of nursing specialists received training in Hong Kong from Guangzhou,and to explore the short slab of critical thinking, so as to provide reference for on-the-job education of nursing specialists. Methods The survey was conducted among 237 nursing specialists with 10 months' systematic training in Hong Kong from Guangzhou and corresponding nurses in Guangzhou from March to July 2011. The survey content included general information and critical thinking traits. Results The average score of critical thinking was 314. 05 + 31. 74,in the specialist nurses which was higher than the scores obtained in other domestic studies. Dimensions scores from high to low were inquisitiveness, analyticity, CT-self-confidence, open-mindedness, maturity, systematicity and truth-seeking(P<0. 01). There was a correlation among critical thinking disposition, occupation, independent thinking and reading relevant professional books. Conclusion Generally, nursing specialists show positive critical thinking traits and get the highest score in the dimension of inquisitiveness and analyticity and the lowest score in the dimension of truth-seeking. The on-the-job educational institutions of nursing should change teaching styles and focus on how to guide nurses to seek value information.%目的 对广州市赴港培训专科护士批判性思维特质进行调查,同时找出专科护士批判性思维特质中的短板,为专科护士的在职教育提供参考.方法 2011年3-7月,采用便利抽样法对广州市赴港接受过10个月系统培训的专科护士及广州市一般在职护士进行问卷调查,调查内容包括一般资料及批判性思维特质.结果 专科护士的批判性思维特质量表总平均分为(314.05±31.74)分,7个维度得分从高到低依次为求知欲、分析能力、批判性思维自信心、开放思想、认知成熟度、系统化能力与寻找真相,且均高于一般护士(均P<0.01);

  10. Investigation on cognition and implementation status quo of head nurses in primary hospitals on nursing process re-engineering%基层护士长对护理流程再造认知及实施现状的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩秋英; 陈雅娟

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To survey and analyze the cognition and implementation status quo of head nurses in pri-mary hospitals on nursing process reengineering,and so as to provide the references for the development of the hospital care management.Methods:A total of 300 head nurses in primary hospitals were cluster extracted as the study objects from 9 third grade hospitals in Xiamen by descriptive study.They received survey by using the questionnaire of cognition and implementation status of nursing process reengineering.Results:The awareness rate of head nurses in primary hospitals on nursing process reengineering was only 42.9%;the main problem of nursing process reengineering reported by 38.6% of them were too complex and lack of humanity;and 40.7%of them thought the most difficult problems to solve were design of simple,convenient and practical process during developing nursing process reengineering.Conclusion:The cognition degree of nursing process reengi-neering is not high,the problems in the process of implementation need be solved quickly.In order to make the nursing process reengineering have largest benefit,the nursing process reengineering should be paid attention to and active interventions should be taken aiming at its reasons.%[目的]对基层护士长对护理流程再造的认知状况及护理流程再造的实施现状进行调查分析,为医院护理管理的发展提供参考信息。[方法]采用描述性研究,整群抽取厦门市9所三级医院300名基层护士长为研究对象。制定护理流程再造认知及实施现状调查问卷,对300名基层护士长进行调查。[结果]基层护士长对护理流程再造知晓率仅为42.9%;38.6%的调查对象反映现有流程存在的最主要的问题是过于繁琐、缺乏人性化;40.7%的调查对象认为开展护理流程再造的过程中最难解决的问题是设计精简、方便、实用性强的流程。[结论]目前护理流程再造的认知程度

  11. STATUS QUO AND VARIATION OF SOIL FERTILITY IN PADDY FIELD —A CASE STUDY OF HUBEI PROVINCE%水田土壤肥力现状及变化规律分析——以湖北省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟妮; 鲁剑巍; 鲁明星; 戴志刚; 李小坤

    2012-01-01

    Through the project of soil testing and fertilizer recommendation in 2005 ~ 2009, a lot of data about soil nutrients in paddy fields were acquired. Based on the data obtained in Hubei 2008 , status quo of the soil fertilities in seven rice producing regions of the province, namely, E'dong, Jianghan Pingyuan, E'dongnan, E'dongbei, E'zhong, E'xibei, and E'xinan were systematic analyzed and compared with the data obtained during the second national soil survey to explore laws and causes of the variation of soil nutrients in paddy field. Results show that presently the paddy soils in Hubei Province were 10 ~40 g kg or 26. 1 g kg on average in organic matter, >90 mg kg~ or 124. 2 mg kg ~ on average in alka-lystic N, 5 ~40 mg kg~ or 13. 1 mg kg on average in available P, and 50 ~ 150 mg kg ~ or 89. 1 mg kg ~ on average in available K, and 5. 0 ~7. 5 in pH or 6. 3 on average. The soil nutrients varied to a varying extent from region to region. In view of the province as a whole, the distribution of organic matter was characterized by being high in the east and south and low in the west and north, that of alkalystic N being high in the west and south and low in the east and north, and that of available K and pH both being high in the west and north and low in the east and south, while that of available P did not show any apparent rule. Compared with the findings of the second soil survey, the contents of organic matter, alkalystic N and available P increased while pH decreased as a result of long-term application of N and P fertilizers at an increasingrate and increased area and rate of straw incorporation. However, inadequate application rate of K fertilizer and the adoption of high K-demanding rice cultivar led to decrease in available K in the soil. Obviously in rice production in Hubei Province, to increase K application rate, to readjust the ratio of N: P: K rationally, and to lime the paddy fields at a proper rate while incorporating rice straw into the soil are

  12. State Quo and Future of China's Refining Sector%State Quo and Future of China's Refining Sector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu He

    2012-01-01

    Ever since the beginning of the 21st century and China's entering into the WTO, China's refining sector has made great strides with the support of a rapid economic growth and a strong demand for petroleum despite the fact that the industry has been facing a fiercer international competition, higher oil prices, policy-related losses (losses caused by the fact that refined oil prices strangely lower than that of the crude), international financial crisis, unstable energy geopolitics, and etc.

  13. Dose monitoring in radiology departments. Status quo and future perspectives; Dosismonitoring in der Radiologie. Status quo und Zukunftsperspektiven

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boos, J. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States). Dept. of Radiology; Duesseldorf Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Meineke, A. [Cerner Healthcare Services, Idstein (Germany); Bethge, O.T.; Antoch, G.; Kroepil, P. [Duesseldorf Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie

    2016-05-15

    The number of computed tomography examinations has continuously increased over the last decades and accounts for a major part of the collective radiation dose from medical investigations. For purposes of quality assurance in modern radiology a systematic monitoring and analysis of dose related data from radiological examinations is mandatory. Various ways of collecting dose data are available today, for example the Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine - Structured Report (DICOM-SR), optical character recognition and DICOM-modality performed procedure steps (MPPS). The DICOM-SR is part of the DICOM-standard and provides the DICOM-Radiation Dose Structured Report, which is an easily applicable and comprehensive solution to collect radiation dose parameters. This standard simplifies the process of data collection and enables comprehensive dose monitoring. Various commercial dose monitoring software devices with varying characteristics are available today. In this article, we discuss legal obligations, various ways to monitor dose data, current dose monitoring software solutions and future perspectives in regard to the EU Council Directive 2013/59/EURATOM.

  14. Der neue „Feminalismus“ – Quo vadis femina? The New “Female-ism"—Quo vadis femina?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Schmitz

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Anhand der Bücher von Hilde Neunhöffer und Natalie Angier wird die neue Forschungsrichtung des „Feminalismus“ kritisch beleuchtet. Die Aufwertung naturalisierter Weiblichkeitsprinzipien in der Evolutionsforschung und in neuen Körperkonzepten liegt dabei voll im Trend der Zeit, wie die positive Resonanz quer durch wissenschaftliche wie feministische Rezensionen zeigt. Genauere Analyse deckt jedoch die gleiche Zirkelschlusspraxis zur Naturalisierung von Geschlechterunterschieden in diesen Konzepten auf, die feministische Naturwissenschaftsforschung an der biologisch-medizinischen Forschung kritisiert. Die gleichzeitige Ignoranz, ja Verdammung feministischer Kritik durch die Autorinnen als subjektiv und damit unwissenschaftlich birgt die Gefahr, dass biologistischer Feminalismus in Zukunft als wissenschaftlich „akzeptierte“ Richtung die kritische feministische Forschung verdrängen soll.A new research concept, known as “female-ism” is exemplified in the books of Hilde Neunhöffer and Natalie Angier and will be examined here. The revaluation of naturalistic female principles in evolution research and body concepts seem to meet current trends as positive reviews in scientific as well as in the feminist press. However, detailed analysis discloses the same practice of circular reasoning in these concepts as has been shown for biological-medical science by feminist research. At the same time, the ignorance, moreover the condemnation of feminist critical research as subjective and non-scientific holds the danger that biological feminalism will become scientifically accepted and displace feministic research.

  15. The Status Quo of Medical Care and Public Health Service Provided by General Practitioners in Beijing and Existing Problems%北京地区全科医生医疗和公共卫生服务提供现状及问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金光辉; 路孝琴; 赵亚利; 王文季; 刘绍杰; 陈超

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status quo of medical care and public health services provided by general practitioners ( GPs ) in Beijing. Methods Fifty - three GP trainees who attended the general practice job - transfer training and community faculty training in Beijing were surveyed in November 2012 using self - designed questionnaire. Results The most frequently provided medical care services were diagnosis and treatment of common diseases ( 100. 0% ), referral ( 54.1% ), home visit ( 45. 3% ), emergency care ( 39. 6% ), etc. Public health services provided by the investigated GPs in the past 2 weeks were management of health information ( 90. 6% ), management of chronic diseases ( 66. 0% ), geriatric care ( 54.1% ), and health education ( 54. 7% ). Twenty - two out of 53 GPs undertook managerial work, such as statistical report and epidemiologi-cal survey. Inappropriate working time distribution ( 41/53, 77.4% ), unreasonable managerial responsibilities ( 26/53, 49. 1% ), unclear scope of practice ( 52/53, 98. 1% ), inappropriate division of labor in community health service team ( 50/ 53, 94. 3% ) were the major problems raised by the GPs. Thirty - seven ( 74. 0% ) of the GPs thought family planning, management of psychiatric patients, and women health care should be undertaken by public health physicians, and 16 ( 30. 2% ) of the GPs thought management of health information should not be their responsibility. Conclusion There're no defined standards for medical care and public health service provided by GPs. The responsibility and labor division of health professionals in community health service team should be defined. The practice scope of GPs and standardization of service will be a critical research field in general practice.%目的 了解北京市全科医生基本医疗和基本公共卫生服务的提供现状及存在的问题,为北京市完善全科医生工作相关政策提供参考.方法 采用自制调查问卷,对2012年11月参加北京市全

  16. Analysis of status quo on the allocation for health human resource in township health centers:Based on the survey in eighteen counties of six provinces%我国乡镇卫生院卫生人力资源配置现状分析--基于6省18县的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱坤; 张小娟; 田淼淼

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析我国乡镇卫生院卫生人力资源配置的现状和问题。方法:采用典型抽样的方法选择6省18县296所乡镇卫生院的在岗职工作为研究对象,并访谈了20名分管农村卫生的政府官员和乡镇卫生院院长;利用描述性统计分析对定量数据进行分析,对访谈数据进行归纳、总结和主题分析。结果:乡镇卫生院卫生人力资源总量和分布不均衡,中部地区卫生人力资源配置标准较低,乡镇卫生院空编和编外用人并存现象普遍存在。乡镇卫生院内部的卫生人力资源配置不尽合理,专业卫生技术人员配置比例低于国家规定,高级职称比例较低,部分地区存在人才断档的隐忧。乡镇卫生院人力资源建设仍存在一些障碍,医学生的培养与乡镇卫生院的需求错位,乡镇卫生院人员招聘政策不合理,卫生技术人员待遇偏低、晋升职称困难、职业发展受限。建议:优化乡镇卫生院人力资源结构;调整乡镇卫生院人才招聘政策;畅通乡镇卫生院卫生技术人员的晋升通道,拓展其职业发展空间;提升卫生技术人员的待遇,增强乡镇卫生院的岗位吸引力。%Objective:To analyze the status quo and problems of the health human resources of township health center.Methods:296 township health centers in 18 counties of 6 provinces were selected with typical sampling and workers in the centers as target population.Relative administrative officials and directors of township health centers were interviewed.Descriptive analysis and thematic analysis were conducted with quantitative data and qualitative da-ta.Results:The volume and distribution of human resources in township health centers are not balanced and the allo-cation standard of the middle area is low.The null establishment and the employees out of establishment coexist.The allocation of health human resources inside township health centers is not

  17. 汉族医学生抑郁现状与生活事件、5-羟色胺转运体基因多态性的相关性研究%Research on the Correlation of Depression Status quo of Medical Students with Their Life Events and Gene Polymorphism of Serotonin Transporter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    项鹏程; 杨艳芳; 吴涤; 庞兴玲

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To provide a theoretical basis for the intervention and treatment of medical students'depression through the analysis of depression status quo of medical students of Han nationality and investigation of the correlation among concrete life events ,serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and depression emotion .Methods:The data of 431 medi_cal students from a medical college were collected through their filling in juvenile life events scale and depression self -evaluation scale .DNA Polymerase Chain reaction (PCR) was employed to evaluate serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HT_TLPR) in 151 identified students with depression emotion and the rest 280 identified ones without depression emotion ,with the effect of 5-HTTLPR on depression emotion analyzed by chi -squared test .Results:35% of the medical students surveyed were found showing the depression of varying degrees .Of the life events with an occurrence rate of over 50% ,such events as heavy study burden ,being misunderstood or wronged ,dispute between classmates or good friends ,evident changes in the lifestyle ,and objection to attending school were significantly related to the depression emotion ( P<0 .05) .Of 6 life events factors ,the inter_personal relationship factor and the health adaptation factor were significantly related to depression emotion ( P<0 .05) .There was significant difference in genotype frequency of 5-HTTLPR among depression emotion groups (the value of χ2 was 8 .163 and 0 .017 ,respectively) .Conclusion:A huge percentage of medical students suffer from depression ,the mild depression mainly , the occurrence of which is related to some concrete life events to certain degree .Serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) also to certain degree contributes to depression emotion of medical students .%目的:分析汉族医学生的抑郁现状,探讨具体生活事件和5-羟色胺转运体启动区(5-HTTLPR)基因多态性与抑郁情

  18. 湘西贫困农村留守儿童孤独感现状及其影响因素%The status quo and influencing factors of loneliness of left behind children in poor rural areas of western hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭芬; 杨青

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the status quo and influencing factors of rural left behind children’s loneli-ness.Methods:A cluster sampling method was used to collect 985 pupils from fourth to sixth grade in poor ru-ral areas of western Hunan,and the children’s loneliness scale was used as a measurement tool.Results:The de-tection rate of left behind children’s loneliness was 13.8%;the single factor analysis showed that the loneli-ness of boys was stronger than that of girls(P =0.01 9);the score of loneliness under 9 years old children was significantly higher than that of children older than 12 years(P =0.007).The scores of children in the 10 year old group were higher than those in the 1 1 year old group(P =0.040)and the 12 year old above group(P =0.003);the children in fourth grade felt more loneliness than fifth grade(P =0.000)and sixth grade(P =0.000), and the children in fifth grade felt more than sixth grade(P =0.047).The loneliness of those who stayed for more than 5 years was significantly higher than those in other groups(P <0.05);the loneliness was the most prominent among those who had not been visited by parents for more than 4 years(P <0.05).Logistic regres-sion analysis showed that female and high grade were the protective factors of children’s loneliness(P =0.025, P =0.000).Conclusions:Loneliness of left behind children in poor rural areas in western Hunan was high.We should encourage boys to express their emotions,strengthen their parent child communication,and strengthen their peer relationships to improve emotional support of left behind children and reduce the loneliness.%[目的]探讨农村留守儿童孤独感现状及其影响因素。[方法]采取方便整群抽样方法抽取湘西贫困农村985名四年级~六年级小学生,以儿童孤独感量表为测量工具进行调查。[结果]留守儿童孤独感检出率为13.8%;单因素分析显示男童比女童孤独感更强(P =0.019);9岁以下组儿童

  19. Evaluation on the status quo of self monitoring of blood glucose and self-efficacy of diabetes patients in community%我国六省份社区糖尿病患者自我管理小组患者自我血糖监测水平及自我效能评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜莹莹; 董文兰; 毛凡; 张春华; 丁贤彬; 潘晓群; 张永青; 黄砚萍; 董建群

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status quo and influence factors of self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and self-efficacy of diabetes patients' that participated in community diabetes self management group.Methods Beijing,Shanghai,Chongqing,Jiangsu,Guangdong,and Zhejiang were selected as the study sites considering patients management experiences they had.1 401 adult diabetes patients were recruited from communities via health records system screening,telephone notification,poster advertisement,letters invitation ways.Face to face questionnaire survey was applied to obtain patients' general information,diabetes history,diabetes knowledge awareness,SMBG,and self-efficacy information.Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the relationship between factors and self efficacy.Results There were 519 male patients (37.0%) and 882 female patients (63.0%) with an average age of (64.9 ± 8.9)years old.Patients lived in city accounted for 48.0% (672/1 401)and rural patients accounted for 52.0% (729/1 401).Patients who conducted SMBG accounted for 79.9% (1 120/1 401) and 33.3% (446/1 401)patients conducted blood glucose monitoring 1-3 times per month.Rural patients,primary school educated,and new rural cooperative medical system (NCMS) covered patients had a higher proportion of never conducting SMBG which were 21.9% (160/729),24.2% (160/662),and 26.3% (125/475),respectively.Scores of self-efficacy was (69.24 ± 16.30) (hundred-mark system) with a relative lower score in monitoring of blood glucose (64.09 ± 20.08) and foot care (63.63 ± 21.40),as well as a highest score in taking medicine and insulin injections (76.10-± 22.00).Multiple regression analysis on self-efficacy and its related factors show a negative correlation between patients' place of residence and self-efficacy (β' =-0.076) and a positive correlation between education and self-efficacy (β' =0.114) as well as between diabetes knowledge awareness and self-efficacy (β' =0.193) (t

  20. Atividade elétrica dos músculos oblíquos externos e multífidos durante o exercício de flexoextensão do quadril realizado no Cadillac com diferentes regulagens de mola e posições do indivíduo Electrical activity of external oblique and multifidus muscles during the hip flexion-extension exercise performed in the Cadillac with different adjustments of springs and individual positions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson F. Loss

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: Apesar do amplo uso do Pilates na Fisioterapia, há poucos estudos que avaliaram a ativação elétrica dos músculos nos exercícios. OBJETIVO: Verificar a influência de diferentes regulagens de mola e posições do indivíduo sobre a ativação elétrica dos multífidos (MU e oblíquos externos (OE durante a flexoextensão do quadril (FEQ no Cadillac. MÉTODOS: Oito mulheres praticantes de Pilates por seis meses realizaram 10 repetições de FEQ nas situações: mola baixa (MB, mola fixada a 30 cm do nível em que estava o indivíduo; mola alta (MA, mola fixada a 90 cm do nível em que estava o indivíduo; posição próxima (PP, distância de 10 cm da fixação da mola; posição distante (PD, distância de 30 cm da fixação da mola. Dados cinemáticos e de eletromiografia (EMG foram coletados sincronizadamente, e os músculos monitorados bilateralmente foram os OE e os MU. Cada movimento de FEQ foi recortado em duas fases (extensão e flexão. O sinal de EMG foi calculado e normalizado usando a contração voluntária máxima (CVM. O Wilcoxon test foi usado para investigar diferenças entre as situações (pBACKGROUND: Despite of the widepread use of Pilates in Physical Therapy, there are few studies that have assessed the muscle electrical activation during Pilates exercises. OBJECTIVE: Verify the influence of different spring adjustments and individual positions on the electrical activation of multifidus (MU and oblique external (OE muscles during hip flexion-extension (HFE exercise on the Cadillac. METHODS: Eight women practicing Pilates exercises for at least six months performed 10 repetitions of HFE in the following situations: Lower Spring, spring fixed at 30 cm in relation to level which the individuals were positioned. Higher Spring, spring fixed at 90 cm in relation to level which the individuals were positioned. Near Position, distance of 10 cm from the fixed spring. Distant Position, distance of 30 cm from