WorldWideScience

Sample records for cultural tourism attractions

  1. MUSEUMS AS CULTURAL TOURISM ATTRACTIONS IN UBUD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Bagus Kade Subhiksu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Recently, there has been a shift in the attributes of several museums in Ubud in order to attract more tourists to visit museums as cultural tourism attractions. Some museums have expanded their collections and add other attributes to complement their main collections, which as the potential to alter the idealism, functions, and roles of museums. Another challenge faced by museum operators is the development of other tourist attractions, such as the addition of tourism destination attributes in Ubud, which was initially known as tourism destinations that offered art and culture such as dance performances and museums, and now have expanded into yoga destination, adventure destination, and so on. Based on these factors, the problem statements in this research are formulated as follows: (1 How are museums as tourist attractions in Ubud area, from the perspective of operators? (2 How are museums as tourist attractions in Ubud area, from the perspective of visitors? (3 How is the relationship between museums and other tourism components when examined from the role of museums as cultural tourism attractions in Ubud area?. This research on museums was conducted in the Ubud area because Ubud has made museums as the cultural tourism attractions in the area, which include the Blanco Museum, Museum Puri Lukisan, Agung Rai Museum of Art (ARMA, the Rudana Museum, and Neka Art Museum. This research is based on the theories of museum management, marketing, and theories on cultural tourism attraction. The research involved the participation of 82 foreign visitors and 79 domestic visitors as respondents, in addition to five museum owners and two museum professionals as informants. The conclusion of this research are as follows: (1 From the perspective of museum operators, museums function as cultural tourism attractions, as sources of historical information, as the media for cultural preservation, and the actualization of the noble objective of the museum

  2. The Development of Thung Fa Bot Weekend Market into Cultural Tourism Attraction in San Pa Tong District, Chiang Mai Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phuwanatwichit Thongchai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate for the socio-cultural and economic context, along with the issues of tourism potentiality of Thung Fa Bot weekend market into the cultural tourism attraction in San Pa Tong District, Chiang Mai Province. A study was created containing Mixed Methodology Research. The data collection was focus group and in-depth interviews from the target population and questionnaires of stakeholders. The study was determined that context of socio-cultural and economic structure,which was relying on farming in the past. The potentiality level to be the cultural tourist attraction in overall was moderate.the aspect of tourist Attraction and Spirit of a community were in high level. On the other hand Accessibility, Activities and Participation civil organizations were in moderate level. There were only the Amenities and Ancillary Services had shown on low level. The results suggested the need to develop its potentiality of cultural tourist attraction in [1] Amenities and Ancillary Services management at the tourist spots and tourism promoting and [2] Linking network with government agencies, private sectors, and communities to join in tourism management in order to enlarge Thung Fha Bod Weekend Market becoming the greater cultural tourism attraction for the tourists.

  3. CULTURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana POP

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we will try to analyse the cultural tourism. We will start by referring to the complex concepts of tourism and culture and to the synergies existing between them. We will define cultural tourism and present its appearance and evolution as well as its importance as a modern form of tourism. We will present the various types of cultural tourism with their characteristics and the specific features of cultural tourists according to their interests. We will also mention that there are advantages and disadvantages for any kind of tourism depending on the position – local communities, companies or tourists. For the future we will refer to the new partnership between UNWTO and UNESCO.

  4. Characteristics and the Economic Impact of Visitors to Heritage and Cultural Tourism Attractions in North Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodur, Nancy Marie

    2010-01-01

    In the last two decades, travel and tourism has grown into an increasingly important industry. More recently, travelers have sought out activities and attractions that focus on authenticity, heritage and uniqueness, and rural communities have begun to realize that their communities and attractions match well with what visitors are demanding.…

  5. Characteristics and the Economic Impact of Visitors to Heritage and Cultural Tourism Attractions in North Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodur, Nancy Marie

    2010-01-01

    In the last two decades, travel and tourism has grown into an increasingly important industry. More recently, travelers have sought out activities and attractions that focus on authenticity, heritage and uniqueness, and rural communities have begun to realize that their communities and attractions match well with what visitors are demanding.…

  6. Cultural tourism and tourism cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Presenting a comprehensive and dynamic understanding of cultural tourism, this volume examines cultural mediators and how they help tourists appreciate foreign cultures. It also shows how tourism experiences are strategically crafted by mediators, the complexity of the mediation process, and how...... various products are mediated differently. A number of different products are investigated, including destination brand identities, "living" cultures and everyday life, art and history. The author illustrates his arguments by comparing the tourism strategies of Copenhagen and Singapore, and demonstrates...... how tourism is an agent for social change. The author also offers an original and refreshing way of understanding tourist behaviour through the concept of the "versatile tourist". The book's empirical cases and dialogic framework provide new and deep insights into tourism activities. In his...

  7. Tourism and Motivation in Cultural Destinations: towards those Visitors Attracted by Intangible Heritage

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    José Prada-Trigo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The intangible heritage increasingly associated with tourism in a territory is today, an element that is attracting more and more visitors. However, there are still few studies that address issues such as the motivation of these tourists, especially in contexts like those of Latin America. The aim of this research is to analyze the relationship between the motivation and satisfaction obtained by tourists who have visited the places associated with the Panama hat (recognized as an Intangible Heritage by UNESCO in 2012 in the city of Cuenca (Ecuador. The work creates a segmentation of tourists based on three dimensions: the cultural, another related to leisure and the last in reference to social and labor issues. For this, it applies a factorial analysis, cluster analysis and an analysis of variance (ANOVA with post-hoc multiple comparisons. The results show that the cultural aspect of motivation is the most important, being, however, the motivation for leisure issues which gives one a better assessment of their knowledge of the Panama hat, Cuenca's heritage or satisfaction with the trip.

  8. Examining Cultural Tourism Attractions for Foreign Visitors: The Case of Camel Wrestling in Selçuk (Ephesus

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    Vedat Çalışkan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the Camel Wrestling Festival in Selçuk, which has gained importance with its tourist appeal among traditional camel wrestling organizations in Western Anatolia. The study aimed to investigate those aspects of the Festival, which were found to be attractive for foreign visitors, and to evaluate the impacts of tourism on this traditional event. The study data were obtained from the surveys that were completed by 56 foreign visitors at the Camel Wrestling Festival in Selçuk on January 18, 2009. Findings of the study demonstrate that this traditional event attracts foreign visitors from various countries worldwide, for they are curious about this event and desire to have a cultural-authentic experience. The Camel Wrestling Festival in Selçuk is a cultural heritage, which has not been commercialized or lost its authentic significance yet, although it is vulnerable to the impact of international tourism. Nevertheless, handing this value down to the future by conserving it with its cultural surroundings is possible through a sustainable tourism policy. The Camel Wrestling Festival in Selçuk is in the process of becoming a touristic product, and the proposals in the study contribute to the development of a policy for the festival concerned.

  9. Cultural gastronomy and tourism: An exercise to the Brazilians touristic attractions divulgation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliner Da Maia Alves Aliner

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present job integrated the “Brazilians cultural flavors and known fair”,   developed during the touristic events subject in the tourist management career of Santa Maria Federal University, which has as objective involve the students in all the execution stages of a touristic divulgation event. To the event were prepared stands by the students, in which has scripts and visual material from each region with the regional attractions, for example: historical zones, museums, cultural houses, parties, typical gastronomy, handicraft and typical products, fairs and typical markets, local knows and makes. As an activity results the class could grasp better the preparation of each stage of a touristic divulgation event, the necessity a good script and support material preparation about the typical culinary attractions, and the main motivation of this event is the direct contact with the target audience what generate a fundamental return to a good touristic activities planning.

  10. Cultural participation and tourism flows

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borowiecki, Karol Jan; Castiglione, Concetta

    2014-01-01

    The importance of cultural events for attracting tourism has often been posited in research, but rarely rested in relation to non-cultural activities. This paper investigates the association between participation in entertainment activities and tourism flows in Italian provinces, and finds...

  11. Tourism attractions: Key elements of tourism resource base

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    Jovičić Dobrica

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available There is no doubt that theory of tourism lags behind increased tourism practice. In order to decrease such gap, theoretical work in tourism must be intensified and permanently reconsidered in future period. Consequently, it is necessary to pay attention to complex analysis and explicit interpretation of important notions that are integral parts of tourism practice, as well as objects of scientific investigations. The subject of this paper is analysis of complex structure of tourism resource base. Specially are focused two relevant tourism notions - tourist resources and tourist attractions (tourist motives. Analysis of their meaning, interrelationship and differences is made, relying on basic tourismological principles and critical review of contemporary experts opinions in this domain. Correct interpretation, setting the correlation and distinction between tourism relevant notions, at the same time require great responsibility and duty of tourismologists, tourism geographers, economists and other experts in the field of tourism to contribute to strengthening of tourism theory, adequately influencing on growing tourism practice.

  12. D Reconstruction of Cultural Tourism Attractions from Indoor to Outdoor Based on Portable Four-Camera Stereo Vision System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Z.; Li, C.; Zhong, S.; Liu, B.; Jiang, H.; Wen, X.

    2015-05-01

    Building the fine 3D model from outdoor to indoor is becoming a necessity for protecting the cultural tourism resources. However, the existing 3D modelling technologies mainly focus on outdoor areas. Actually, a 3D model should contain detailed descriptions of both its appearance and its internal structure, including architectural components. In this paper, a portable four-camera stereo photographic measurement system is developed, which can provide a professional solution for fast 3D data acquisition, processing, integration, reconstruction and visualization. Given a specific scene or object, it can directly collect physical geometric information such as positions, sizes and shapes of an object or a scene, as well as physical property information such as the materials and textures. On the basis of the information, 3D model can be automatically constructed. The system has been applied to the indooroutdoor seamless modelling of distinctive architecture existing in two typical cultural tourism zones, that is, Tibetan and Qiang ethnic minority villages in Sichuan Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area and Tujia ethnic minority villages in Hubei Shennongjia Nature Reserve, providing a new method and platform for protection of minority cultural characteristics, 3D reconstruction and cultural tourism.

  13. Bali: Between Cultural and Marine Tourism

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    I Nyoman Darma Putra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis paper discusses the potential of marine tourism in Bali and its contribution toward the development of sustainable tourism. While marine and cultural tourism form two distinct categories, in Bali there are many cultural activities that take place on beaches, or coastal areas that become unique tourist attractions. Therefore, in this paper, I willalso introduce an expanded view of marine tourism that would include, for instance, the observation of processions and rituals on beaches. Exploring the interconnections between marine and cultural tourism may help us come upwith new strategies for the sustainability of tourism in Bali as a whole. In addition to aiming at sharing the experiences of Bali in managing and promoting its marine tourism potential, this paper also seeks feedback on better waysto manage marine tourism in order to achieve tourism sustainability for the island.

  14. Examining Cultural Tourism Attractions for Foreign Visitors: The Case of Camel Wrestling in Selçuk (Ephesus)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vedat Çalışkan

    2010-01-01

    ... in Selçuk on January 18, 2009. Findings of the study demonstrate that this traditional event attracts foreign visitors from various countries worldwide, for they are curious about this event and desire to have a cultural-authentic...

  15. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CULTURAL TOURISM

    OpenAIRE

    Zrinka Zadel; Sinisa Bogdan

    2013-01-01

    The subject of analysis in the paper is economic impact of cultural tourism and identification of the main factors which directly affect cultural tourism revenues. Most countries do not have a statistical system of monitoring and analysing individual factors of cultural tourism such as the number of arrivals of cultural tourists and consumption of cultural tourists. Therefore, it is hard to assess the economic impact of cultural tourism. In cultural tourism, cultural assets are prepared and p...

  16. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CULTURAL TOURISM

    OpenAIRE

    Zrinka Zadel; Sinisa Bogdan

    2013-01-01

    The subject of analysis in the paper is economic impact of cultural tourism and identification of the main factors which directly affect cultural tourism revenues. Most countries do not have a statistical system of monitoring and analysing individual factors of cultural tourism such as the number of arrivals of cultural tourists and consumption of cultural tourists. Therefore, it is hard to assess the economic impact of cultural tourism. In cultural tourism, cultural assets are prepared and p...

  17. Kitsch and cultural tourism

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    Ioan Petroman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The urban area covers a high density of structures developed by man compared to the surrounding areas. Cultural tourism includes, on the one hand, cultural tourism in urban areas – particularly historical towns and cities with cultural sites such as museums or theatres – and, on the other hand, cultural tourism in rural areas – where its main goal is to focus on communities, festivals, rituals, and traditions. From the point of view of the practice of urban or rural cultural tourism, tourists are, in most cases, presented what they wish to see: thus, authenticity can turn into inauthenticity and what is promoted is vulgar art or improper beauty, surrogate art or even pseudo-art – kitsch, represented by souvenirs that have nothing to do with true art.

  18. Revealing the attractiveness of outrageous beer tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Munar, Ana María

    2012-01-01

    Tourism is often linked to ideas of escapism and release from everyday duties and obligations. Modern societies are characterized by highly complex systems of social and cultural control, and citizens of these societies find forms of liberation in travel (Jafari 1987). Tourism destinations act as magnetic spaces of leisure and relaxation that can be visualized as the realm of ‘touristhood’– a theatrical arena in which individuals adopt different masks and conduct themselves accord...

  19. CULTURAL TOURISM: BANGLADESH TRIBAL AREAS PERSPECTIVE

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    Mohammad SHAMSUDDOHA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is the world's largest industry which is linked with thousands of associated business. Though Bangladesh is a small country in terms of its size it contains huge prospect in its tourism including culture. Bangladesh culture is very rich which initiated long ago with different dimensions. Chittagong hill tracts of Bangladesh are a place of tribal. Tribal are having their own rich culture which is very attractive and nice looking. This study focused on tribal culture and its tourists. This paper also seeks about problems of cultural tourism in Bangladesh.

  20. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CULTURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zrinka Zadel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The subject of analysis in the paper is economic impact of cultural tourism and identification of the main factors which directly affect cultural tourism revenues. Most countries do not have a statistical system of monitoring and analysing individual factors of cultural tourism such as the number of arrivals of cultural tourists and consumption of cultural tourists. Therefore, it is hard to assess the economic impact of cultural tourism. In cultural tourism, cultural assets are prepared and placed on the tourist market, i.e. cultural resources are transformed into cultural tourism products. The main objective is fulfilling tourists' needs, and achieving positive effects which includes economic effects. Identification of the economic impact of cultural tourism is important because cultural resources have an inestimable value for the local community. Tourism valorisation should be used in order to achieve the necessary maximum effects with minimum negative impacts which tourism may leave on cultural resources. The objective of the paper is to identify the economic contribution of cultural tourism in the Republic of Croatia and to propose a model of identification of economic impact of cultural tourism.

  1. Cultural Heritage Tourism in Malaysia: Issues and Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail Norhasimah; Masron Tarmiji; Ahmad Azizul

    2014-01-01

    Malaysia is experiencing an incredible pace of tourism development and heritage tourism is one of the tourism branches that have long contributed to appeal the tourist destination and acts as important marketing tool to attract tourist especially with special interests in heritage and arts. Cultural heritage tourism has emerged as a potential form of alternative tourism among both international tourists as well as Malaysian domestic travelers. The difference of ethnics present in Malaysia bro...

  2. Effective Factors on Sports Tourism: Emphasizing Development in Sports Natural Attractions

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    Hasan Safdel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research is the evaluation of some of the effective environmental attractions on Khorasan Razavi’s sports tourism development. The research statistical population include of all in charge expert and professors in field of sport and tourism as 120 persons. This research is past-event descriptive that had been performed based on field method. Sampling had been performed as Categorized to determine effective environmental attraction effects on Khorasan Razavi’s tourism development, the questions had been analyzed by researcher that its validity had been confirmed by experts and Cronbach's alpha had been calculated as 0.82. Findings show that from experts and managers viewpoints, effective factors on sport tourism development with emphasis on sport natural attractions include of tourism and pilgrim attractions, natural treatment and warm water attractions and summer and water sports that are the most important items in Khorasan Razavi. Also there are three important factors in relation to problem and obstacles as Management problems, cultural problems and infrastructure problems. Research results show that pilgrim locations are effective to attract tourism and knowing the effect of tourism industry development effects and present obstacles and limitation in the province, attention to sport tourism development importance and applying various benefits of sport tourist attraction are necessary and programming and sport tourism developments by province planner and policy makers would be required.

  3. 基于符号吸引理论的广南地母文化旅游开发%Earth-mother Culture Research and Tourism Development of Guangnan Based on Semiotic Attraction Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐尤龙

    2014-01-01

    地母文化是遍布于世界各地由原始崇拜演化而来的文化现象。笔者在对我国地母文化旅游资源的调查研究过程中,将符号吸引理论运用于广南地母文化旅游区的旅游规划设计,为广南地母文化符号的旅游产品开发提供科学依据。%Earth-mother Culture is a universal cultural phenomenon over the world everywhere evolved from primitive worship. Used to tourism planning of Guangnan’s earth-mother culture tourism district, the semiotic attraction theory provides scientific guidance to tourism product develop-ment of Guangnan.

  4. INTERCULTURALITY – A FACTOR OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT (PART 1 - GASTRONOMY IN TOURISM, ATTRACTION OR IMPEDIMENT)

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    In order to transmit a culture without altering it, while creating tourism, cultural and religious products, a variety of details must be taken into account regarding the basic tourism services such as accommodations and food. (gastronomy) These services

  5. Strategic Management of Cultural-Tourism Resources

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Graèan; Zrinka Zadel; Andreja Rudanèiæ-Lugariæ

    2010-01-01

    contact with local residents. Cultural tourists are in their traveling motivated by cultural-tourism resources including culture of a particular population and destination, their tradition, meeting different lifestyles, and visiting material cultural heritage … Within cultural tourism, tourists search for authentic experiences affecting cultural-tourism resources. Cultural resources represent potential tourist resources. With transformation of cultural resources from potential into real ones,...

  6. Socio-cultural impacts of contemporary tourism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jovicić, Dobrica

    2011-01-01

    .... The social and cultural impacts of tourism are the ways in which tourism is contributing to changes in value systems, individual behavior, family structure and relationships, collective lifestyle...

  7. The Influence of Decommunization on the Tourism Attractiveness of Regions

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    Нaponenko Anna I.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at studying the influence of decommunization on the tourism attractiveness of regions. The authors have proposed to add to the list of the main factors of developing the tourism attractiveness (presence of tourism resources, ecologically balanced environment, modern infrastructure, and a positive image implementing the activities within terms of the policy of decommunization. The influence of this factor has been considered on the example of domestic regions. The basic problems of development of tourism industry of Ukraine at the present stage have been outlined. It has been found that the decommunization process greatly increases the tourism attractiveness of regions through the creation of parks and museums of the Soviet past, acquiring the new image by cities and towns after changing their names. At the present time stage, influence of the factor of decommunization on the tourism attractiveness of Ukraine is gradually increasing, but a necessary condition for development of tourism and travel should be the State support and efficient management of this sector.

  8. CULTURAL TOURISM MOTIVATION n#8211; THE CASE OF ROMANIAN YOUTHS

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    Negrusa Adina

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Cultural attractions have become particularly important and play an important role in tourism at all levels. They are also increasingly being placed at the centre of urban and rural development and constitute an important aspect of social and cultural lives of the residents. Cultural tourism is defined as n#8216;visits by persons from outside the host community motivated wholly or in part by interest in the historical, artistic, scientific or lifestyle/heritage offerings of a community, region, group or institution. The main purpose of this research is to identify and understand the general dimensions of motivation for attending cultural tourism. Cultural tourism is motivated by touristsn#8217; interest in historical, artistic, scientific or heritage offering by a community, region, group or institution. It can be considered an independent segment of the tourism industry as well as a complement to mainstream tourism, in connection with other forms of attraction. In this sense, local communities and national organizations all over the world have developed particular cultural and heritage tourism products that attract increase the number of tourist visits each year. The study examine the motivations of Romanian young people in attending cultural tourism for underling the perspectives of cultural tourism development in Romania. We developed a quantitative study and designed a structured questionnaire to obtain information regarding youthsn#8217; motivations and perceptions toward attending cultural tourism, including their demographic characteristics. Based on significant literature review we included 7 composite motives: learning reasons, cultural motives, experience something new, pleasure-seeking and entertainment, physical reasons, relaxation-based motives and indirect motives. The findings of this research provide a comprehensive view of cultural tourism behavior in Romania. The evidence suggests that for the young and highly educated

  9. Sustainable Tourism Development Management of Local Cultural Landscapes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yihui; Chen Tian; Zhang Meng

    2008-01-01

    Nowa days, ecological and cultural tourism, especially those ancient villages and towns in China, have attracted an in-creasing number of tourists because of their unique cultural fea-tures. However, rapid development of tourism brings economic benefits, but results in a series of problems that threaten further tourism development and protection of ancient towns, such as over-commercialization and tourism urbanization. Taking Long-men ancient town as an example, this paper presented a sustain-able way of preserving and developing resources of ancient vil-lages and towns. First, identify cultural features and the extent of ancient villages and towns, and find the approach through which a cultural landscape zoning can be applied. Second, define a coop-erative function area to release the pressure on core areas and protect their authentic cultures by extending tourism space. Third, balance tourism development with traditional industries to en-hance the sustainability of community economies.

  10. StudyonCollegeTourismEnglishTeaching CombiningwithAbaLocalTourismCulture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗琴

    2013-01-01

    Boasting of rich, outstanding natural and cultural tourism resources, marvelous landscape, specific humanistic environment,AbaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefectureiswell-known to the world, which has been attracting ever-increasing touristshomeandabroadwithitsuniquecharm,suchasthefairy-landlikenaturalscenery,mysteriousTibetanBuddhistculture, ancient Qiang’s Shibi (necromancer) culture, the Red Army’s LongMarchcultureandsoon.Theserichnaturalandcultural tourismresourcesraisetheeconomicbenefitsofculturaltourism developmentemphasis.Abaisanethnicminorityarealeadingwith the tourism industry; after years of development, tourism has becomethemainsourceofincomeforthelocalethnicminorities. Moreandmoreforeigntouristshavebeenattractedintothisarea, particularly,Europe,theUnitedStatesandotherEnglish-speaking countrieshavebecomethemajorsourcecountries; alargenumberof high-qualifiedtourismprofessionalsareinurgentneed,andtourism EnglishteachingplaysaveryimportantroleforcultivatingHigh qualitytalentswhoarebothproficientinEnglish,graspinghigh leveltourismskills,andquitefamiliarwithAbatourismresources. Thispaperanalyzesandputsforwardsomeconstructivemeasureson howtocombineAbatourismresources,localculturewithcollege tourismEnglishteaching.

  11. THE TOURIST ATTRACTIONS - FACTORS OF RURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE REGION CRISANA ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BARBU IONEL

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we try to show the perception of the main stakeholders on the rural tourism field on the importance of rural tourism attractions factor on the development of economic activities and to show as well the main factors of the development of rural tourism in order to establish priorities in the joint action of local people, entrepreneurs, tourists and local and national administrations. In many countries, the tourism industry fall within government priority. Tourism has been identified as one of the primary industries with potential to support local communities in developing economic diversity. Rural tourism has developed due to revenue growth (it is mostly discretionary income, due to increased leisure life and diversification motivations and desires of tourists. Tourism development is favored by improving infrastructure, historical monuments and architectural restoration and promotion of environmental conservation. Rural areas have a special attraction for tourists because of the distinct characteristics associated with mystical, cultural, historical, ethnic and geographical. For progress together with profit for those involved, it requires several components: attractions, investment, appropriate infrastructure, services and diversified hospitality promotion. To run this set of factors need to join entrepreneurs and public administrations. From the literature we can draw a number of necessary conditions for the development of rural tourism and a number of motivations for its support.

  12. CONTRIBUTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM ON TURKISH ECONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The positive effects of Turkey’s tourism sector on the economy are increasing with each passing day. To increase tourism revenues that have a positive contribution on Turkey’s current account balance year by year, have a great importance. Therefore, the diversification of tourism types and expansion of deseasonalized cultural tourism applications are necessary. For such purposes within this work, cultural tourism has been introduced by mentioning about the place of the tourism in the economy....

  13. Perspectives of cultural tourism in the modern tourism market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilinčić Marina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The last decades of the XX century, which the United Nations declared the decade of cultural tourism in the world, have contributed to encouraging people to think about the question of how tourism can contribute to the development of heritage and culture, or how tourism the same may compromise. However, the cultural offer today, is an essential and important part of a modern tourist offer, without which it can no longer be imagined, as cultural tourism is becoming an increasingly important segment of the global tourism market. It had a great share in the expansion of a tourist demand and tourist offer and their profiling, leading to a whole series of specific forms of tourism in its embrace, and today more attention is paid to the industrial heritage, cultural routes, cultural landscapes and similar, as current forms of cultural tourism in the modern tourism market. In fact, theorists of tourism are now faced with a number of new types of tourist movements which have resulted in the creation of various forms of cultural tourism that were not even discussed in the last century, and the fact is that a change in tourist demand brings new habits and new needs that can be implemented only through special forms of tourism.

  14. The attractiveness of Serbian market in attracting international companies in tourism sector

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    Tornjanski Aleksandra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The entry of international companies in the field of tourism in the domestic market creates a huge potential for its growth, greater involvement in the international tourism, flow of people and information as well as transfer of new technologies. Furthermore, international companies in the field of tourism develop tourism in the country they enter and it is therefore necessary to prepare the domestic market for their entry. Controlled and uncontrolled factors both have impact on the attractiveness of a country as a potential market and consequently affect its business operations. Various barriers to entry may be administrative and real (actual, thus affecting the development of market for entry and business operations of companies interested in internationalization in the field of tourism. The subject of this paper is to analyze the market entry barriers of Serbia faced by international companies in the field of tourism. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate if the Serbian market is attractive for entry of international companies in the field of tourism by analysis of its market entry barriers. The results show that the Serbian market still has to work to reduce market entry barriers, in order to become more attractive for entry of international companies in tourism. Manifold advantages of the global companies' entry in the market are that they are perceived as strong incentives for countries such as Serbia to develop their market and make it more accessible to enter.

  15. CULTURAL TOURISM MOTIVATION n#8211; THE CASE OF ROMANIAN YOUTHS

    OpenAIRE

    Negrusa Adina; Yolal Medet

    2012-01-01

    Cultural attractions have become particularly important and play an important role in tourism at all levels. They are also increasingly being placed at the centre of urban and rural development and constitute an important aspect of social and cultural lives of the residents. Cultural tourism is defined as n#8216;visits by persons from outside the host community motivated wholly or in part by interest in the historical, artistic, scientific or lifestyle/heritage offerings of a community, regio...

  16. CULTURAL TOURISM MOTIVATION – THE CASE OF ROMANIAN YOUTHS

    OpenAIRE

    Adina Negrusa; Medet Yolal

    2012-01-01

    Cultural attractions have become particularly important and play an important role in tourism at all levels. They are also increasingly being placed at the centre of urban and rural development and constitute an important aspect of social and cultural lives of the residents. Cultural tourism is defined as ‘visits by persons from outside the host community motivated wholly or in part by interest in the historical, artistic, scientific or lifestyle/heritage offerings of a community, region, gro...

  17. Cultural Heritage Tourism in Malaysia: Issues and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Norhasimah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia is experiencing an incredible pace of tourism development and heritage tourism is one of the tourism branches that have long contributed to appeal the tourist destination and acts as important marketing tool to attract tourist especially with special interests in heritage and arts. Cultural heritage tourism has emerged as a potential form of alternative tourism among both international tourists as well as Malaysian domestic travelers. The difference of ethnics present in Malaysia brought different local knowledge discipline ranging from its architecture, handicrafts, traditional attire, music and dance, which reflects a colorful heritage and an amalgamated culture. There are arise of conflict in management of cultural heritage tourism in Malaysia face by tourism managers, stakeholders, governments, cultural heritage managers and local community itself. In order to maintain, conserve and preserve the resources and assets of cultural heritage in Malaysia, a system or management need to be develop that take into consideration on every issues and challenge, so that the decision making process is reliable to optimize the value of cultural heritage tourism industry in Malaysia. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview and discuss the status, issues and challenge of cultural heritage tourism in Malaysia.

  18. Communication and Culture: Interpersonal Attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Lydia Ledesma; Emry, Robert A.

    Cultural differences in interpersonal attraction were studied using 93 black, 112 Chicano, and 112 white college students who completed 40 Likert-type rating scales for each of four concepts of attraction (intimate, friendship, acquaintance, and stranger attraction). When a factor solution was generated, differences were noted in the amount of…

  19. Communication and Culture: Interpersonal Attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Lydia Ledesma; Emry, Robert A.

    Cultural differences in interpersonal attraction were studied using 93 black, 112 Chicano, and 112 white college students who completed 40 Likert-type rating scales for each of four concepts of attraction (intimate, friendship, acquaintance, and stranger attraction). When a factor solution was generated, differences were noted in the amount of…

  20. INTERCULTURALITY – A FACTOR OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT (PART 1 - GASTRONOMY IN TOURISM, ATTRACTION OR IMPEDIMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ispas Andreia

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to transmit a culture without altering it, while creating tourism, cultural and religious products, a variety of details must be taken into account regarding the basic tourism services such as accommodations and food. (gastronomy These services

  1. From Cultural Tourism to Creative Tourism : European Perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Richards, G.W.

    2002-01-01

    Cultural tourism is seen as a major growth market in Europe, although empirical evidence is still relatively sparse. An analysis is presented of the ATLAS survey data for 2002 as well as research conducted at the Rotterdam Cultural Capital Event in 2001. These data indicate that cultural tourism gro

  2. Satisfaction with visit to tourism attractions

    OpenAIRE

    Navrátil, Josef; Pícha, Kamil; Navrátilová, Jana

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the impact of a several factors on satisfaction with a visit to water-based natural attractions. After reviewing relevant studies, it was hypothesized that satisfaction is influenced by push motivations, pull motivations, on-site experience, perceived quality and perceived values of visit. As a method of data reduction, the factor analysis based on principal component analysis was used for multi-item constructs (push motivations, pull motivations, on-site ex...

  3. Cultural Tourism Tours and Main Routes Towards Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veysi GÜNAL

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Today, the tourism has become a important industry. Certainly, the most important international actors af this industry are tour operators. The tour operators which realize about 75 percent of the total tourism activity to Turkey have taken a very important mission from the point of Turkey tourism. The, Germany, Netherlands, England and USA tour operators, which have made the important part of the tours to our country, have also an important position in organizating cultural tour. When the cultural tours, which have been planned to Turkey by this countries, have been studied it is seen that these tours have containied more mass tourism areas or near areas of these region. It can be said that Turkey’s not marketing its tourism correctly has be effective in this subject. With this research, it has been studied how the cultural attractions in Turkey have been perceived, consumed and marketed by abroad tour operators.

  4. Analyses on Cultural Element Refining of Nature-based Tourism Attractions and Their System Management%自然型旅游景区文化元素提炼及其系统管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭文静

    2011-01-01

    自然型景区同样具有文化属性。对其开发的途径包括文化元素的提炼、文化元素的整合和丰富、文化系统的整合和景区文化开发等环节。自然型景区文化的管理要满足充分实现旅游景区对旅游者文化传递的要求、实现自然资源旅游区内各个文化元素系统的整合、建立旅游景区形象系统,注重景区文化系统开发的可持续性发展。对于自然景区的文化系统的契入,应从规划时开始,并在运营过程中实现文化系统的动态管理。%This paper argues that the Nature-based tourism attractions also are rich in cultural attributes.In their developing channels,it is important to include refining of cultural elements,integrating and enriching of cultural elements and their systems,developing of cultural scenic spots and other sectors.Management of culture to nature-based scenic spots needs to meet the full realization of cultural transmission for tourists' requirements,the integration of cultural elements in each tourist area and the establishment of scenic spot identity system in tourist attractions,focusing sustainable development of cultural system on scenic spots.For joining the cultural systems into the natural scenery management,it needs starting from planning to implementation process of cultural systems with dynamic management.

  5. Cultural Tourism: Perspectives of the Kainuu Region

    OpenAIRE

    Kämäräinen, Mikko; Ofem, Daniel Ezak

    2011-01-01

    This thesis was written in order to study the Kainuu’s regions tourism business with an emphasis on cultural tourism, and to find out detailed information of its current situation and recent changes in its demand. Local tourism operators and researchers were approached to find out further information on Kainuu’s potential in the cultural tourism business as well as to try and map out the current mentality towards the viability and the future of cultural tourism in this region. The thesis was...

  6. Cultural events as a tourism product of Vojvodina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvetičanin Predrag

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A special place among tourist attractions belongs to those from the field of culture and cultural heritage. In last decades cultural tourism faced a rapid growth on global market and therefore became a subject of numerous studies. Culture in Vojvodina has a long and rich tradition. Centuries of cohabitation inducted mutual cultural influences of many nations and resulted in a rich cultural diversity of expressions and their fruitful interaction. Today, there is a vast number of local traditional events and festivals in Vojvodina. Some of them exceeded the local market and expanded through the region and beyond. Events in Vojvodina have significant tourism potential, although a majority has a local character with insignificant or no tourist importance. Most of these events are unsustainable as well as spatially and temporally unsynchronized. Using the results of previous mapping, data collection and focus group research, the aim of this paper is to classify all existing cultural events in Vojvodina and propose the guidelines for their improvement in order to strengthen the cultural identity and cultural tourism product. The proposed steps and guidelines outlined in this paper should lead to improvement of cultural tourism, through strengthening tourism potentials of cultural events in Vojvodina.

  7. Folk Culture Resources as a Component of Tourism Space

    OpenAIRE

    Mokras-Grabowska, Justyna

    2014-01-01

    The paper concerns folk tourism - describes the mutual relations between folk culture and tourism and the main mechanisms of the commercialization of cultural heritage. Moreover it locates folk culture resources in tourism space and includes hospitality.

  8. Impact of Residents Attitudes on the Acceptance Degree of Beach Tourism, Sports Tourism, Nature Tourism and Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Sánchez-Fernández

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The study of residents’ attitudes is important for the management of tourist destinations. Residents formed their attitude towards tourism through a cost-benefits analysis based on their perception of the tourism impacts. Residents have different levels of acceptance of different types of tourism and the aim of this paper is to contrast if there is a relationship between the attitude towards tourism and the degree of acceptance of beach tourism, sports tourism, nature tourism and cultural tourism. The data analysis was performed using Partial Least Squares on a sample of 418 residents of Ibiza, finding that: there is no causal relationship between the attitude of residents and the degree of acceptance of cultural tourism; the strongest causal relationships are between the general attitude of residents and beach tourism and between the general attitude and sports tourism. The main contribution is that a tourism-friendly attitude does not imply an equivalent support to any type of tourism, although not to generate controversy. If there is a strong relationship between general attitude and acceptance of sports tourism, in the case of Ibiza.

  9. Socio-cultural impacts of contemporary tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jovicić, Dobrica

    2011-06-01

    The topic of the paper is devoted to analysis of socio-cultural impacts of tourism, as effects on the people of host communities resulting from their direct and indirect associations with tourists. The social and cultural impacts of tourism are the ways in which tourism is contributing to changes in value systems, individual behavior, family structure and relationships, collective lifestyles, safety levels, moral conduct, traditional ceremonies and community organizations. Special attention is devoted to considering complexity of tourists/host interrelationships and discussing the techniques for appraisal of quality and quantity of socio-cultural changes which tourism provokes in local communities.

  10. Socio-cultural Impacts of Contemporary Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Jovičić, Dobrica

    2011-01-01

    The topic of the paper is devoted to analysis of socio-cultural impacts of tourism, as effects on the people of host communities resulting from their direct and indirect associations with tourists. The social and cultural impacts of tourism are the ways in which tourism is contributing to changes in value systems, individual behavior, family structure and relationships, collective lifestyles, safety levels, moral conduct, traditional ceremonies and community organizations. Special ...

  11. Cultural Tourism in Croatia after the Implementation of the Strategy of Development of Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Demonja

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The tourist potential of Croatia’s cultural assets has been recognized and there is evidence of strong demand for such products amongst both domestic and international tourists. Croatia from the standpoint of offer, with picturesque settlements, rich and various history, historic urban and rural areas, and with tourism developed in the coastal area has good prerequisites for the development of cultural tourism and cultural-tourism products, and the Strategy of development of cultural tourism has been created in order to identify strategic measures (priorities and plan of activities, which should encourage the development of cultural-tourism products of Croatian tourist destinations in the entire country. Strategy is adopted in 2003, and its implementation started in 2004. After five years, in 2008, the first comprehensive research that refers to the changes and progress related to the development of the state of cultural tourism in Croatia was made. Consequently, this article presents and analyzes some results of that research, preceded by a short overview of the state of cultural tourism in Croatia, which includes the analysis of Croatian strategies of development of culture, tourism and cultural tourism, analysis the role of the state in cultural tourism and, finally, states the possible directions of further development of cultural tourism in Croatia.

  12. Cultural tourism as counterculture within subcultures of mass culture

    OpenAIRE

    Mavrina, Hanna

    2013-01-01

    The analysis of cultural tourism is given in the article as alternative cultural practice which counteracts unifying and levelling processes of mass culture. Priorities of cultural strategies of tourism are determined in the context of ethnic culture and national traditions. 

  13. Interaction between cultural/creative tourism and tourism/cultural heritage industries

    OpenAIRE

    Virginija, Dr. Jurėnienė

    2016-01-01

    The chapter presents a review of the conceptions of cultural and creative tourism, their resources, objectives and their benefit and damage to the nature and the society. It is very important in the postmodern society to not only develop cultural tourism that is one of the most rapidly growing branches of economy, but also to employ cultural heritage and does not always develop the common heritage and tourism industry. This is an especially sore point because the common cultural heritage and ...

  14. The presentation of Bushmen in cultural tourism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hüncke, Anna; Koot, S.P.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines images of Bushmen in Namibian cultural tourism from two angles: that of the tourists and that of the community-based tourism provider. By looking at the tourist activities offered at Treesleeper Camp, it will be shown that in host-guest encounters, tourists images of (Hai//o

  15. The presentation of Bushmen in cultural tourism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hüncke, Anna; Koot, S.P.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines images of Bushmen in Namibian cultural tourism from two angles: that of the tourists and that of the community-based tourism provider. By looking at the tourist activities offered at Treesleeper Camp, it will be shown that in host-guest encounters, tourists images of

  16. SEGMENTING AND PROFILING THE CULTURAL TOURISM MARKET FOR AN ISLAND DESTINATION

    OpenAIRE

    Sean M. Hennessey; Dongkoo Yun; Roberta MacDonald

    2014-01-01

    Culture is an important part of the tourism product and is one of the variables that can increase the attractiveness and the competitiveness of a tourism destination. Cultural tourism covers all aspects of travel and provides an opportunity for visitors to learn about a destination’s history and way of life. However, the size and importance of cultural tourism for specific destinations is still a matter of some debate. Some suggest that it is difficult to truly document the size of the cult...

  17. Moving Towards Eco Cultural Tourism Village (A Case Study of Pondok Cabe Village

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Kurniawati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study identifies some eco-cultural tourism attraction potentials that exist in PondokCabeUdik Village Tangerang Selatan Indonesia. In addition, it investigates local people’s opinion on tourism development. The objective is to provide a preliminary overview of eco-tourism development. This study is a descriptive study that uses three types of instrument in data collection method, including questionnaire, interview and field observation. The data is then analyzed using SWOT analysis. The result indicated that natural potential include farming, lake and fish pond, and chicken hatchery. Cultural potentials include cultural diversity that depicted in praying houses and culinary. 194 respondents involved are the locals. The result showed thatthere is positive view from the local community on the availability of tourism potentials and development in the future. It is proposed that environmental awareness, education, ecotourism development, and consensus buildingare needed to implement eco cultural tourism concept. Keywords: Tourism, Eco-Cultural, Village, Planning and Development

  18. Tourist guides’ perceptions of cultural heritage tourism in South Africa

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Clinton David van der Merwe

    2016-01-01

    Heritage tourism is a fast growing niche of cultural tourism worldwide. In Africa, several countries, including South Africa, place great emphasis on the growth of heritage tourism because of its potential for local economic development...

  19. Family Foundation, Is It An Innovative Strategy? The Case of Cultural Heritage Tourism in Toraja, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilham Junaid

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Toraja has been considered as the icon of tourism in South Sulawesi province, Indonesia. As the number of tourist decreases and one tourism attraction belongs to many members of family, there is an expectation from stakeholders that innovative strategies should be implemented to develop tourism. To achieve this goal, yayasan keluarga (family foundation has been established to manage tourism in Toraja. The study reveals that although family foundation has been the option to develop tourism and is an innovative strategy in managing tourism attractions, stakeholders believe that Toraja tourism should be developed together with the existence of the family foundation based on the principle of collaborative work. High demand on the role of the regional government in developing tourism exists although the family foundation is the main organizer of tourism attractions. Similarly, the regional government believes that the family foundation is a choice from the community and thus, it is the role of the family foundation to implement activities for tourism development in Toraja. This paper suggests that cultural heritage tourism in Toraja can be developed if the family foundation implements innovative strategies as well as strengthens relationship (synergy and collaborative work with other stakeholders in Toraja.

  20. Prioritization of Eco-tourism Attractions (The target villages of Charmahal O Bakhtiar province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Rahimi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Extended abstract1-IntroductionIn today’s world tourism is one of the essential revenue generating industries that serves as a means for cultural exchange among nation as well. Rural-tourism is a branch of tourism that is limited to the rural environment with respect to the culture and traditional customs that include their hand-craft, behavior, hospitality, green-tours, farm-tours, hunting, their cooking manners etc. Any country that intends to attract tourists in this field should be equipped with the following two characteristics: the potential that is the natural resources and the ability to provide services and facilities for rural-tourism that is the accommodation.2- Theoretical basesThis idea was first established during the 19th century in the western civilization when due to industrialization and urban-dwelling, transportation and welfare; people had more leisure time to visit rural areas in vast numbers.In the 20 year forecast program of development in the realm of tourism a national approach is adopted to promote the deprived regions’ potentials through manipulation of their natural/rural capacities and abilities. In order to finance the fundamental aspects of such programs, the authorities would face numerous problems.One of the measures that could overcome these problems to a certain degree is to prioritize the villages in a province based on their potentials then categorizes them as the village-tourism centers. For this purpose, an attempt is made to prioritize the potential villages by applying AHP, which is to validate them for investment, which will include all that is needed for Village Tourism. This issue has been of concern in different countries where putting the available natural resources at the National Tourist Industry’s services would be beneficial.- The study zoneCharmahal o Bakhtiar is a province with an area of 16,532 Km2. The geographic and demographic features of this province are presented in Table 1: Row

  1. The image of Helsinki as a cultural tourism destination

    OpenAIRE

    Matikainen, Petteri

    2015-01-01

    Cultural tourism has been increasing constantly during the last decades and has become one of the most essential sections of tourism industry. Culture influences strongly on decisions to travel and it is often placed on the key role in tourism strategies. Similarly a strong destination image is inevitable in order to success in highly competed tourism industry. The purpose of this study is to examine the image of Helsinki as a cultural tourism destination. The main objective is to examine...

  2. CULTURAL TOURISM IN MALAYSIA IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF INDIAN TOURISTS: A STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George P. BABU

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia is one of the economic superpowers in South East Asia, prospering at a fast pace as tourism is becoming one of the most important sectors of its economy. Areas like entertainment; beach and island tourism has become some of the major determinants of Malaysia’s phenomenal progress in tourism in the last few years. Yet one area that seems to get less attention is its cultural resources. Recently, Malaysia has turned out as one of the major destinations for the Indian Outbound Tourism market. This study looks into the situation that prevails in the area of cultural tourism in Malaysia and how are cultural as well as historical attractions of Malaysia viewed from the perspective of international tourists from India. With the help of descriptive analysis the study probes into the significance of Malaysia’s historical tourism and the awareness and perception about it among Indian visitors. Based on the study it is revealed that Malaysia’s cultural tourism resources are not promoted to the extent to which it becomes a significant part of the nation’s destination image. Lack of promotion and information available makes international visitors unaware about the potential of Malaysia as a cultural tourism destination. However, most of the tourists were satisfied with the cultural sites/attractions and think Malaysia is a reasonably good cultural destination.

  3. CULTURAL TOURISM IN MALAYSIA IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF INDIAN TOURISTS: A STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiran Sarkar SUDIPTA

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia is one of the economic superpowers in South East Asia, prospering at a fast pace as tourism is becoming one of the most important sectors of its economy. Areas like entertainment; beach and island tourism has become some of the major determinants of Malaysia’s phenomenal progress in tourism in the last few years. Yet one area that seems to get less attention is its cultural resources. Recently, Malaysia has turned out as one of the major destinations for the Indian Outbound Tourism market. This study looks into the situation that prevails in the area of cultural tourism in Malaysia and how are cultural as well as historical attractions of Malaysia viewed from the perspective of international tourists from India. With the help of descriptive analysis the study probes into the significance of Malaysia’s historical tourism and the awareness and perception about it among Indian visitors. Based on the study it is revealed that Malaysia’s cultural tourism resources are not promoted to the extent to which it becomes a significant part of the nation’s destination image. Lack of promotion and information available makes international visitors unaware about the potential of Malaysia as a cultural tourism destination. However, most of the tourists were satisfied with the cultural sites/attractions and think Malaysia is a reasonably good cultural destination.

  4. Hosts' perception of economic and socio-cultural tourism impacts

    OpenAIRE

    Kamšek, David; Milfelner, Borut; Ogorelc, Anton

    2015-01-01

    Analyzing tourism perceptions of host communities and residents' attitudes toward tourism development has been gaining increasing attention in the tourism research. This paper examines how residents perceive positive and negative economic and socio-cultural impacts of tourism. The authors identify several differences between two groups of respondents: residents employed in tourism and other residents. The study provides tourism planners with useful information concerning specific elements ass...

  5. Sustainable Development Through Eco-Cultural Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Diana-Mihaela Pociovalisteanu; George Niculescu

    2010-01-01

    Beginning with the fact that performant strategies of the financial institutions have programmes and management Eco-cultural tourism is usually defined as a concept in which ecological and cultural aspects of a landscape are combined to create a site for tourists. It is proposed as a way for communities with rather low economic resources to develop. Sustainability and participation are both crucial for the long-term future of this form of tourism. A key element to the success of eco-cultural ...

  6. Managing Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism on the Rural Tourism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Managing Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism on the Rural Tourism ... This mingling has been associated with discernible changes in the culture and lifestyles ... that focused on the ways in which socio-cultural impacts of tourism on rural areas ...

  7. Gastronomy as a form of cultural tourism: A Greek typology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moira Polyxeni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Foods, as well as other factors, such as accommodation, attractions, recreational activities and transport are key parts of the tourism product of host destinations. It has been found that in recent years, tourism choices have not been determined only by the simple biological need to eat, but also by the desire to try interesting products within an appropriate environment. Modern, experienced travelers look for destinations' quality, as linked to a deeper knowledge of the culture and lifestyle of the inhabitants of the place they are visiting. As lifestyles of people are deeply related to what and how they eat, how they prepare food and in what environment, what the rituals of food consumption are, combined with the architecture and place, a strong demand has been created for local food and a trend of what is called 'gastronomic/culinary tourism'. A survey was carried out in order to explore the forms of product supply, commercialization strategy as well as methods to promote gastronomic tourism in Greece. In particular, the search was carried out through the internet businesses in Greece involved in the field of gastronomy and tourism, using keywords such as gastronomy, Greek cuisine, Greek breakfast, wine routes, olive routes, etc. Then, the findings were classified into categories in order to evaluate their activity. The survey revealed that companies involved in the field of gastronomy are numerous and of various nature. These include restaurants, hotels, guest and rural houses, tourism agencies, food manufacturers, food markets, museums, exhibition halls, etc. Their activities are equally varied and creative (related to wine, honey, herbs, etc, cultural routes that have to do with a product, thematic museums, etc. Due to the lack of targeted central tourism policy in the field, it is proposed to further explore the field and record domestic gastronomic resources at regional administrative levels in order to effectively valorize and promote

  8. Is «cultural tourism» actually «cultural»?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Senabre López

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The epithet of cultural has been used as an adulterated attraction for a kind of leisure activity dressed up in all its finery: the type of tourism that is linked to the historic heritage. The tourism client sets off for an apparent happiness by means of a manipulated, abridged or smoothen by-product of a civilisation’s real historic essence, without paying any attention to –or passively assumin– the mercantilist machinery that it is part of. The label of «cultural» is often distorted by the superficial made of it.Should other forms of tourism that do not involve heritage –such as beach holi- days, rural tourism or mountain holidays– be considered as ‘a-cultural’? Can anybody acquire any culture just by travelling or culture is something that must be carried on by the traveller so as to properly value what he sees? Surveys on cultural tourism so far have concentrated on boosting its efficiency from a business point of view –which is a wrong approach– instead of analysing the phenomenon from a humanistic perspective. Key words: Tourism, Cultura, Leisure, Heritage.

  9. Museums in Cultural Tourism in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The article presents the museums, their potential and their significance for cultural tourism in Poland. Its aims are achieved through a presentation of registered national museums, ‘monuments of history’, museum buildings and the cultural activities undertaken by these institutions

  10. Tourism Participation: Attractions, Influences and Key Trends in Ekiti ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    researchers, tourists, evaluators, government and those planning new initiatives for ... Introduction. Tourism is the business of providing and marketing services and facilities for ..... According to Smith (1977), a 'successful tourism strategy' to improve ... atmosphere that is devoid of criminal activities is a basic pre-requisite to.

  11. SOCIO-CULTURAL IMPACTS OF TOURISM AT JAISALMER: PERCEPTION OF TOURISM PROFESSIONALS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sachin Sharma

    2013-01-01

      This research was an attempt to know the perceptions of Tourism professionals' towards tourism development and its socio cultural impacts atJaisalmer a historic city in the Thar Desertof Indian state Rajasthan...

  12. Cultural tourism and identity : rethinking indigeneity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tomaselli, K.G.

    2012-01-01

    Studies of cultural tourism and indigenous identity are fraught with questions concerning exploitation, entitlement, ownership and authenticity. Unease with the idea of leveraging a group identity for commercial gain is ever-present. This anthology articulates some of these debates from a multitude

  13. Modern Aspects of Cultural and Historical Heritage Involvement in Tourism Activities in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Aleksandrova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on problems and prospects of cultural tourism development in Russia. The results of overall research at national, regional and local levels and case studies held in several regions of Russia are presented. They confirm that Russia’s huge cultural and historical heritage is still inefficiently used in tourism. In recent years the growing demand for cultural tours remains largely pending due to lack of modern tourist products and their insufficient promotion. The use of iconic and flagship attractions for increasing the destination attractiveness as well as culture-tourism interaction in regional development are being discussed. Currently, particular attention is paid to events based on cultural and historical sites. “National Calendar of Events” and national “Russian Event Award” are established to encourage event tourism growth. State policy in cultural tourism management in Russia is now changing mainly from the separate “growth points” development to the organization of interregional tourist routes based on diverse cultural heritage. Effective interaction of cultural heritage and tourism industry requires special measures and platforms based on the partnership of a vast number of stakeholders.

  14. Petrovaradin Fortress (Novi Sad, Serbia: Tourism Spatial Planning and Design of The Upper Town for the Function of Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuk Garača

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The Fortress consists of several spatial entities, among which the Upper Town is the most attractive and the most developed one. Cultural and tourist-catering contents should have a primary function of the space, which would enable the Fortress to become the gathering place and the center of cultural tourism in a wider area. One of the most important questions refers to the way of management of this cultural value while one of the most appropriate solutions is establishment of a special public enterprise. Intensive development of tourism implies special conditions for the protection and preservation of the Fortress. The topic of this work is Petrovaradin Fortress, i.e. the Upper Town and its tourist organization in the function of cultural tourism. This work is aimed at presenting the possibilities that this area has for the development of tourism with a special accent placed upon cultural tourism. The tasks of this work are to present suggestions for tourist organization of this area with necessary urban equipment and for enrichment of museum and gallery objects with additional contents as well as the establishment of completely new exhibitions.

  15. Rural Tourism at its Peak: Socio-Cultural Impacts towards Host Communities of Kinabalu Park, Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tangit Tania Maria; Md Hasim Ahmad Khairuman; Adanan Akmal

    2014-01-01

    .... The designated study area includes villages nearby Kinabalu Park. Through the popularity of the park and various other attractions within the area, tourism activities contributes to socio-cultural impacts towards its host communities...

  16. Vitality of Giri Kedaton Site as a Religious Tourism Attraction in Sidomukti Village, Kebomas, Gresik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Andi Saputra

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Giri Kedaton site belongs to the legacy of cultural heritage that has numorous historical values, especially the history of the spread of Islam and the government in Gresik since the 14th century. Giri Kedaton Site was a kingdom founded by SunanGiri and served as the Core City II Gresik in 1487 AD. Currently Giri Kedaton transforms to become cultural tourism object in religious or pilgrimage tourism sector. In 2002-2005, the local government conducted preservation and conservation activities at the Giri Kedaton site. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics as well asto measure the vitality of Giri Kedaton site, and determine the variables that may affect the vitality of the sites. The identification of the characteristics of the GiriKedaton site is explained by researcher by using qualitative descriptive analysis, while the frequency distribution analysis was employed to assess the vitality, and the variable effect was analyzed by multivariate linear regression. Based on its mode value on an analysis of a frequency distribution obtained value vitality giri kedaton site is low,  from the results of linear regression analysis multivariate obtained the best method that is a enter methode, where model is as follows : Y = - 2.884 + 0,075 X1+ 0,039 X2 + 0,055 X3 + 0,119 X4 + 0,174 X5 + 0,115 X6 +  0,108 X7 + 0,110 X8 + 0,071 X9 + 0,158 X10 + 0,005 X11 + 0,92 X12 + 0,159 X13 + 0,265 X14 + 0,153 X15. Based on the result analysis of the regression (t-test variable influence significantly is government’s support (0.002, sidewalks (0.005 and housings (0.047. The conclusion of this study showed that the Giri Kedaton site has supporting function as religious tourism but there is still lacks of adequate infrastructures and facilities including parking areas and economic facilities. In addition to the length of visit (1-3 hours and the frequency of visits (first visit have a low value which indicates that the Giri Kedaton site has

  17. Tourist guides’ perceptions of cultural heritage tourism in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merwe Clinton David van der

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Heritage tourism is a fast growing niche of cultural tourism worldwide. In Africa, several countries, including South Africa, place great emphasis on the growth of heritage tourism because of its potential for local economic development. Cultural and heritage tourism are being advocated as an important niche within the South African economy. This paper explores the perceptions of cultural heritage tourist guides in South Africa towards heritage tourism, it is argued that the country’s National Department of Tourism must improve the poor governance and poor management of South African heritage assets, and enhance the preservation, transformation and segmented marketing of South Africa’s cultural assets (at all levels of government in order to sustain and grow cultural tourism in the future.

  18. THE ROLE OF HOTELS IN THE CONSUMPTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN KENYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru NEDELEA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is Kenya's leading foreign exchange earner, yielding the country over US$500m annually. The industry contributes over 10% of the GDP to the national economy. However, considering that the industry experienced a slump over the period 1994-2003, there are challenges on how to sustain the current tempo of growth in the midst of growing competition, especially in wildlife-based tourism. There is a general feeling that the tourism industry in Kenya needs to avoid over reliance on wildlife and diversify its tourism product base. The industry stakeholders (led by the government are seeking means and strategies of differentiating the tourism product offering in order to become a destination of choice in international markets. It is with the foregoing in mind that this study focused on investigating the possibility of incorporating cultural tourism as a means of augmenting and diversifying Kenya's tourism product. This is in view of the fact that the country has a vast ethnic diversity with a total of 42 cultural groupings.These groups spice up Kenya's heritage with various cultural attractions including music, food, dress, architecture, artifacts, dances, language, religious monuments, prayer and worship, family, government and leadership. The question that the research wanted to answer is how the hotels could contribute to the development of cultural tourism in Kenya. Being a key component and beneficiaries of improved performance in tourism, hotels, have a crucial role to play in shaping the nature of the cultural tourism product offering. The study established that many hotels have taken various specific measures in support of cultural tourism including: architectural designs and layouts that depict the surrounding culture; incorporation of local culture in branding and naming of facilities; inclusion of traditional tastes and choices in food; selection of staff uniform based on traditional designs and colours; emphasis on cultural uniqueness

  19. THE ROLE OF HOTELS IN THE CONSUMPTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN KENYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph A K. WADAWI

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is Kenya's leading foreign exchange earner, yielding the country over US$500m annually. The industry contributes over 10% of the GDP to the national economy. However, considering that the industry experienced a slump over the period 1994-2003, there are challenges on how to sustain the current tempo of growth in the midst of growing competition, especially in wildlife-based tourism. There is a general feeling that the tourism industry in Kenya needs to avoid over reliance on wildlife and diversify its tourism product base. The industry stakeholders (led by the government are seeking means and strategies of differentiating the tourism product offering in order to become a destination of choice in international markets. It is with the foregoing in mind that this study focused on investigating the possibility of incorporating cultural tourism as a means of augmenting and diversifying Kenya's tourism product. This is in view of the fact that the country has a vast ethnic diversity with a total of 42 cultural groupings.These groups spice up Kenya's heritage with various cultural attractions including music, food, dress, architecture, artifacts, dances, language, religious monuments, prayer and worship, family, government and leadership. The question that the research wanted to answer is how the hotels could contribute to the development of cultural tourism in Kenya. Being a key component and beneficiaries of improved performance in tourism, hotels, have a crucial role to play in shaping the nature of the cultural tourism product offering. The study established that many hotels have taken various specific measures in support of cultural tourism including: architectural designs and layouts that depict the surrounding culture; incorporation of local culture in branding and naming of facilities; inclusion of traditional tastes and choices in food; selection of staff uniform based on traditional designs and colours; emphasis on cultural uniqueness

  20. Cultural Factors in Tourism Interpretation of Leshan Giant Buddha

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Wenwen

    2017-01-01

    Different cultural aspects are always involved in tourism interpretation, and the process of tourism interpretation is also cross-cultural communication. If the cultural factors can be interpreted for the foreign visitors in a better way, it's beneficial to convey the cultural connotation of the scenic spot and it can be the communication more…

  1. THE ROLE OF LIBRARIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURAL TOURISM WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS TO THE BIBLIOTHECA ALEXANDRINA IN EGYPT

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Cultural tourism has grown rapidly in the past few decades as a result of more income, higher levels of education, globalization processes that make the world a smaller place, technology, the effects of media and telecommunications and new types of cultural attractions. Libraries, as cultural institutions, may contribute significantly to the development of cultural tourism. One good example is the role of Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Egypt.

  2. THE ROLE OF LIBRARIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURAL TOURISM WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS TO THE BIBLIOTHECA ALEXANDRINA IN EGYPT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Lazarevic

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural tourism has grown rapidly in the past few decades as a result of more income, higher levels of education, globalization processes that make the world a smaller place, technology, the effects of media and telecommunications and new types of cultural attractions. Libraries, as cultural institutions, may contribute significantly to the development of cultural tourism. One good example is the role of Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Egypt.

  3. Going tourist. Tourism and translation of local cultures

    OpenAIRE

    Salvatore, Rita

    2009-01-01

    International audience; Within the topic related to culture, tourism and sustainable development, this paper focuses on the notion of tourist translation of local cultures. In particular, it analyses some of the cultural processes tourism development can trigger in those territories the European Commission (2003) has defined as "no‐traditional tourist destinations". In this definition it is meant to include those places that: (a) were not interested by mainstream tourism in the past (b) remai...

  4. SANTA CRUZ, GUANACASTE: LOCAL CULTURE, TOURISM AND GLOBALIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The article analyzes the relationship between local culture of the canton of Santa Cruz, Guanacaste, and the development of tourism in the canton. In a first section explores the origin and development of popular culture in the canton, linking it to traditional farming activities, and then describes the deployment of tourism in Santa Cruz, in order to analyze the popular culture of the canton in a framework of productive activities ranging from farming to tourism, in a context of econo...

  5. Culture and Tourism in the Learning Age: A Discussion Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000

    Cultural services and tourism are among the United Kingdom's fastest growing sectors in terms of employment and consumer demand. Cultural services and tourism bring the following elements to lifelong learning: active rather than passive learning; a means of interpreting the world around us; exposure to cultures other than one's own; confidence and…

  6. Cultural - amusement animation factor for tourism development

    OpenAIRE

    Jakovlev, Zlatko; Koteski, Cane; Dimitrov, Nikola; Angelkova, Tanja; Dzambazoski, Kristijan

    2011-01-01

    Tourism development, although relatively short but fast, lately proves its wide spectra of action. That is, weather of the dangers that created it self, weather of broadening the offer and visitors satisfying, it has deepened its action in some sectors and made a connection with them, so novadays it seems like they are cooperating. Tthat is the reason for the development of eco – tourism, the village tourism, the sport and recreation tourism, the health tourism, the religious tourism, the cul...

  7. Tourism Destination Management (Case Study in Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan Regency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sony Manggala Putra

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The tourism sector as one of the leading sectors in Pasuruan still faces many obstacles. The constraints associated with conditions that require improvement on tourist destination related to the presence of infrastructure, zoning, the gap between the tourism destination in the West and the East area, up to the level of visitation which has decreased from year to year. The aims of the studi were to describe and analyze Tourism Destination Management conducted by Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan at Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati object to become competitive and sustainable tourism destination. This study used a qualitative approach with a case study method locus in the Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan. The results of this study indicate that the tourism destination management of Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati when reviewed in terms of competitiveness, still needs a lot of improvement related to the presence of tourism facilities and the quality of employees as service providers. In terms of sustainability, it shows that the synergy between the regional government and tourism stakeholders need to be improved. The need for the establishment of cooperation with third parties in management of tourism destination in Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati, can be used to optimize the carrying capacity and tourist destination marketing system at Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati in order to compete in a competitive and sustainable way Keywords: tourism destination management, competitiveness, sustainability

  8. LINKS BETWEEN CULTURAL HERITAGE TOURISM AND OVERALL SENSE OF TOURIST WELL-BEING

    OpenAIRE

    Jew, Jeongyong

    2015-01-01

    Cultural heritage tourism is still the growing segment of tourism industry. Moreover, many tourists prefer exploring something new, cultural heritage tourism (CHT) has become one of the major "new" segments of tourism demand. Therefore, it is true that cultural heritage tourism has been one of the major sources of both quantitative and qualitative growth of tourism industry in many countries. In regard to the context of cultural heritage tourism industry, by identifying the rel...

  9. Tourism and Cultural Heritage: Sector Priorities of Regional Development Policy within Bucharest-Ilfov Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Ionescu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The sustainable development gets a great importance in the context of Romania integration in the EU and globalization, a context in which the intersection of the economic, social environmental but also cultural and recreational sector is more and more complex. Having in mind this complex context, in this paper, we present a personal point of view regarding the potential for growth in tourism of Bucharest-Ilfov region, due to vast range of tourist offer (cultural, business, recreational. The Bucharest-Ilfov region has a great tourism potential: the attraction capacity of the Bucharest urban centre is enriched by the environmental and cultural value of the areas and sites surrounding the capital city. This combination of urban, business, cultural and environmental resources is a powerful basis for developing the tourism sector in the region. The tourism sector must be a priority of the regional development policy, because of the importance of the tourism contribution to growth and job creation so the infrastructure improvement is therefore a necessity for tourism development. In line with the above, the main goal of this paper is to demonstrate the necessity of increasing the economic importance of the tourism sector within the regional economy.

  10. Cultural Tourism – a Model for Economic Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela-Carmen MUNTEAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a complex activity whose development is manifested in a fast pace, which in the last period determined it to become one of the most spectacular phenomena of recent decades, with important economic effects and particularly, social and human effects. This form of cultural tourism is identified as an engine for development and promotion of local cultural identities, offering neighboring communities an opportunity to preservation of cultural heritage as a resource for socio-economic local development. Thus, cultural tourism is the boundary between culture and tourism industry, its development influencing each other. Cultural tourism is a form of economic development based on cultural resources, contributing to national economic development.

  11. Study on the" Four-in-One" Mode of Operation and Management in Ecotourism Attraction ---the Practice and Reflection about Nanshan Cultural Tourism Park at Sanya%生态旅游景区“四位一体”式经营管理模式——三亚南山文化旅游区的案例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海鹰; 黄崇利; 曾小红

    2012-01-01

    It is a problem with very intense theoretic and realistic meaning to probe into a mode of operation and management in accordance with the connotation and feature of ecotourism. The current research concerning ecotourism attractions is more concentrated on the environment, community, visitors and other managed objects. And the contents of the current research are mainly partial to the exploitating management ,including the design of ecotourism product, the constructions of facilities, etc. In the meantime, research on framework, methods and means of management of ecotourism attractions is very uncommon from the point of the main body of operation and management. Nanshan Cultural Tourism Park at Sanya is made of artificial ecotourism attractions with the theme of the Buddhist culture. Since the beginning of development in 1998, the managers of Nanshan Cuhural Tourism Park have persisted in exploring and building a proper system of operation and management which is in accordance with the concept of ecotourism development. And the park has obtained significant benefits in practice owing to the system they have successfully made in Nanshan. From the view of the level of operation and management, the "four-in-one" mode of operation and management has been founded in Nanshan Cultural Tourism Park in practice, based on system of enterprizational management, with the guidance of systematic , international and humanistic idea for development and management, with paramilitary management, standardization and visitor-satisfied system as the substance , and by the support of harmonized and creative means for management. But the park is also faced with discomfiture in its operation and management. By making some analysis on the park, s character of management mode and pondering some problems it has been faced, we can summarize its developmental experience and insufficiency so as to bring out some inspirations for China, s ecotourism attractions. As to the characteristics of

  12. Factors affecting the attractiveness of medical tourism destination: an empirical study on India- review article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultana, Seyama; Haque, Ahasanul; Momen, Abdul; Yasmin, Farzana

    2014-07-01

    In this edge, medical tourism is not a new idea. Medical treatment is one of the essential demands of human beings and it requires high quality and intensive care. Beside western world, few developing countries are playing key roles as medical tourism destinations. India is one of the leading names among these countries. The purpose of the paper is to find the factors influencing the attractiveness of India as a health tourism destination. The study has found the major contributing factors and their relative importance in the attractiveness of the health tourism destination that is India from consumers' perspectives by conducting survey with an application of structural equation modelling approach. In Indian context, medical tourists consider service quality and cost mostly to select any medical destination. In addition they also give value to the destination competitiveness but tourist attitude is less important in comparison with other factors affecting their destination choice. Since the study has used structural equation modelling approach to test the hypothesis and figure out the relative importance of the factors, the fundamental indices such as Normed Chi square(less than 3), RMSEA (less than 0.08) and CFI (more than 0.90) values show the overall model fit of the proposed model. In order to transform a country such as India as an attractive and competitive medical tourist destination in this time of globalization, a step should be taken to control cost ensuring the quality of services.

  13. Splintering of Tourism Market: New Appearing Forms of Cultural Tourism as a Consequence of Changes in Everyday Lives

    OpenAIRE

    Jelinčić, Daniela Angelina

    2009-01-01

    Within the concept of cultural tourism, this article defines relatively new concepts of creative and hobby tourism, which are detected as recent niche markets. Cultural tourism is a narrow specialized market, while creative and hobby tourism relate to even more specialized segments. Even these specialized forms of tourism have their market whose growth is very probable taking into account changes in everyday work as well as changes in the values of human activity in general. These changes ref...

  14. Promoting and Financing Cultural Tourism in Europe through European Capitals of Culture: A Case Study of Košice, European Capital of Culture 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Šebová

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper highlights the link between the European Capital of Culture (ECoC designation and the development of cultural tourism in Europe. Cultural tourism is the fastest growing segment of tourism in the world and is the desirable objective of new defined cultural policies in European cities. According to the European Commission (2012, it is estimated that cultural tourism accounts for around 40% of all European tourism. In general, the European Commission confirms the significant role of cultural tourism in the development of tourism in Europe and one of the most visible tools of this strategy is the designation of the ECoC. Cultural policy has also become an important tool of urban regeneration and in the rebranding of European cities. The case study of Košice ECoC 2013 presents part of the results from the Košice ECoC evaluation project. The Košice ECoC 2013 project was designed as a community led project which was targeted at increasing the cultural consumption of residents rather than the number of foreign cultural tourists. However, the biggest events such as White night attracted a lot of tourists from the wider region. More than 70 million EUR was dedicated to investments, which have significantly improved the culture infrastructure in Košice. The ECoC designation supported the local cultural buzz and led to new local production of modern culture, art and the creative industries. Other visible effects have already been seen in the advantages gained by the decentralization of the cultural infrastructure and events in the neighbourhoods. The involvement of people outside the city centre has avoided gentrification in the city. From this point of view the project Košice ECoC 2013 has had the prerequisite to sustainable cultural tourism in Košice

  15. TOURISM POTENTIAL OF CULTURAL LANDSCAPES IN THE HÂRTIBACIU VALLEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin Aniţa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism Potential of Cultural Landscapes in the Hârtibaciu Valley Characterized by a multitude of cultures, Hârtibaciu Valley, lying in the center of Romania, in the Sibiu county, generated various cultural landscapes throughout history. It carries the name after the river that flows through this beautiful hilly region. These carryout the inland cultural heritage and marks in every materialization of the landscape results. The subject presents the series of cultural landscapes of the Hârtibaciu Valley that are attractive for tourism purposes. The cultural landscapes are not only considered to be a compound effect of the interaction of the natural and anthropic components, but also as an element of the environment, being in a continuous metamorphosis. Using a classification of the cultural landscapes, from the genetic point of view, the different landscapes found in the field are listed: cultural landscapes resulted from productive activities, habitational landscapes, technogenic landscapes, historical landscapes, sacred landscapes, symbolic landscapes, commemorative landscapes, residual landscapes. For each category of landscapes the tourism attractiveness and representativeness will be mentioned. The foreseen evolution of the cultural landscapes in the Hârtibaciu Valley is one of falling in decline. The prevention of this situation could be realized by using its tourism potential to its maximum and by a proactive tourism promotion and development. Local identity and specificity is the ground stone that offers attractiveness to these cultural landscapes. This implies a conscious involvement of local actors and stakeholders to improve life quality and to develop a regional functional system.

  16. Creative tourism as a strategy for regional development and cultural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Creative tourism as a strategy for regional development and cultural heritage ... local communities could contribute to making a shift in regional development, ... as the enabler of the processes of cultural enrichment and acculturation through a ...

  17. Historic cities as important centres of development of historical-cultural tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volodymyr KROOL

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The quality and availability of historic-cultural recreational resources in the cities of Volyn region are investigated. The attractiveness of historical cities for the development of regional tourism industry is analyzed.  Meanwhile, the most attention is paid to the number of historical anad cultural resources, its value and the status of preservation, transport communication, access to hotels and catering objects. The archeological monuments, architecture monuments, monuments of city-building and objects of monumental art seem to be the most valuable for the needs of tourism. Instead, the less valuable are historical monuments that are presented by the memorials and tombstones

  18. Bali: the development of international tourism and the fostering of the national culture.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Picard

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Once Cultural Tourism became the official tourism doctrine of Indonesia, the Balinese infatuation with this formula seems to have become more tempered. Since the 1970s, studies of the sociocultural impact of tourism and seminars on the relationship between tourism and culture are rarer. Not that interest in tourism has dropped — to the contrary — but it has become an integral part of the Balinese cultural landscape 1 . And while Cultural Tourism remains the inescapable point of reference ...

  19. Bali: the development of international tourism and the fostering of the national culture.

    OpenAIRE

    Michel Picard

    2010-01-01

    Once Cultural Tourism became the official tourism doctrine of Indonesia, the Balinese infatuation with this formula seems to have become more tempered. Since the 1970s, studies of the sociocultural impact of tourism and seminars on the relationship between tourism and culture are rarer. Not that interest in tourism has dropped — to the contrary — but it has become an integral part of the Balinese cultural landscape 1 . And while Cultural Tourism remains the inescapable point of reference ...

  20. Splintering of tourism market: new appearing forms of cultural tourism as a consequence of changes in everyday lives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelincić, Daniela Angelina

    2009-03-01

    Within the concept of cultural tourism, this article defines relatively new concepts of creative and hobby tourism, which are detected as recent niche markets. Cultural tourism is a narrow specialized market, while creative and hobby tourism relate to even more specialized segments. Even these specialized forms of tourism have their market whose growth is very probable taking into account changes in everyday work as well as changes in the values of human activity in general. These changes reflect also the sector of tourism, which is obvious in the ever growing splintering of tourism market as well as of tourism forms. The article reviews theoretical concepts of cultural, creative and hobby tourism as to prepare the basis for applied tourist programmes. It looks into the history of cultural tourism as to see what changes occurred and brought it to life. Changes that have taken place in everyday lives of people and the impact of everyday free time activities on tourism are also analysed. Further splintering of the cultural tourism sector is noticed and cultural tourism sub-forms are detected by analysing some of the leading home style and creativity magazines. The article also proposes possible application of push/pull factors to creative/hobby tourism.

  1. CULTURAL TOURISM POTENTIAL IN THE NORTH CENTRAL PROVINCE OF SRI LANKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wijitapure Wimalaratana

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available International tourism has recorded a tremendous growth in the past and this trend will continue further uninterruptedly. Sri Lanka has been one of the major tourist attractions since antiquity. The end of a protracted civil war has been a blessing for the tourist industry and the consequent rapid expansion of tourist infrastructure in the island. Although the island is a small one, it is rich in religious and cultural diversity. Buddhism is the main religion of the majority of people, while Hinduism, Christianity and Islam are also practiced by portions of the population. The resultant rich cultural heritage of the island has been constructed around religious practices, historical monuments and ancient cities, meditation, yoga, folk music and dances, festivities, ceremonies and rituals. Special sites with multi religious attractions reflect the diversity and uniqueness of a rich culture. The North Central Province of Sri Lanka is especially rich in cultural resources owing largely to it housing two cities that served as the island’s capital for more than 1000 years in ancient times. Only a small fraction of this vast amount of resources has been utilized by the tourism industry so far. The paper argues that the promotion of religious and cultural tourism products in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka will open up new avenues of engagement for tourists and income generation for the island. Ancient monuments and religious sites, segments of culture tourism, would be magnates to overseas archeologists and Buddhist communities.

  2. Community-based tourism and local culture: the case of the amaMpondo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Giampiccoli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism, managed constructively, can play a role in poverty alleviation and community development. This paper suggests ways in which Community-based tourism (CBT can be used as a strategy to develop poor communities. Looking at the specific social context of contemporary rural Mpondoland, which is characterised by high degrees of poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition and unemployment, the paper considers ways in which local culture itself can contribute towards positive CBT outcomes. Local culture is not only seen as a tourism attraction, but also a resource upon which CBT development can be built. This paper considers various ways in which the local cultural context can be linked to CBT development, thereby enhancing the CBT development process.

  3. Telling or selling? Experiencing South African cultural heritage tourism products

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanovic, Milena; Saayman, Melville

    2013-01-01

    With the advent of the experience economy the unique experiential value of cultural heritage products comes to the forefront of cultural tourism development and is the main value proposition for emerging destinations, including South Africa. As South Africa’s democracy divedends had paid out by 1998, South African Tourism was left with an array of dormant cultural heritage resources (still) unable to turn them into meaningful tourist experiences. The reason is lack of understanding of tourist...

  4. Relationship between the development of ethnic tourism and the protection for regional culture: a case study of Tuwa people

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Haixia

    2007-01-01

    The innocent Tuwa people live in Kanas Lake, a world famous national reserve in northern Xinjiang.With the rapid development of tourism today, Tuwa people are finally involved in tourism industry. The development of tourism is a two-edged sword. On the one hand, it boosts the revival of Tuwa culture, provides a large number of employment opportunities and cross-cultural exchanges, and improves material welfare for Tuwa people. On the other hand,some disadvantages have also resulted from tourism development, such as the unauthentic exhibition of Tuwa culture, limited tourists, Tuwa group interaction, and limited material improvementfor the Tuwa, etc. This paper takes Tuwa people as a case, illustrates the types, characteristics and the conditions for the development of Tuwa culture, explores the advantages and disadvantages resulting from the development of folk-custom tourism industry and then puts forwards recommendations on the protection for local cultures as follows: (1) attach great importance to Tuwa culture in the tourism development of Kanas Lake Visitor Attraction; (2) construct the aboriginal village with the consciousness of protection; (3)remove the Tuwa village; (4) consummate the management mode and let Tuwa people really benefit from tourism; (5) restrict the grazing in the scenic spots and protect natural grassland; (6) promote Tuwa peopl's ability of self-supervision and self-management; (7) exhibit Tuwa culture authentically.

  5. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CULTURAL/ARTISTIC EVENTS VISITATION AND OTHER ACTIVITY-BASED TOURISM SEGMENTS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ana Tezak; Darko Saftic; Zdravko Sergo

    2011-01-01

    .... One of these specific forms of tourism is event tourism. The aim of this research is to determine the relationship between cultural/artistic events visitation and other activity-based tourism segments...

  6. Identifying and assessing Spice and herbs resources for tourism attractions: A case study from Banyuwangi, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luchman Hakim

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the study was to analyze the potentiality of spices and herbs in agrofotestry garden in Banyuwangi, Indonesia, for further rural tourism development. Fields study was set up at villages in Banyuwangi. Floristic survey, ethnobitanical studies and focus group discussion were performed to evaluate the value of spices and herbs in agroforestry gardens an its potentiality to develop as tourism product. This study found that at least 60 species of spice and herbs with its special value, in which these species has opportunities to developed as tourism attraction in agroforestry garden. There are something to see, something to buy and something to do has been described by group discussion participant. It is raging from farm tourism product, culinary tourism product and heath-wellness tourism product.

  7. Understanding the cultural antecedents of quality management in tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Muskat, Birgit; Muskat, Matthias; Blackman, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the causes that have led to a rather fragmented view of quality management among tourism marketing organisations in Germany. The aim is to identify and to interpret the relevant societal cultural factors underpinning German management. The paper examines the influence of culture on the perception and performance of quality management in tourism organisations. Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on a data set which previously explore...

  8. Rural Tourism at its Peak: Socio-Cultural Impacts towards Host Communities of Kinabalu Park, Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tangit Tania Maria

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Kinabalu Park in Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo represents multiple tourism opportunities for its stakeholders, host communities and tourists. Being the first World Heritage Site in Malaysia endorsed by UNESCO since 2000, this nature-based tourism destination is a popular tourism destination in Malaysia, as well as in the Asia region. The designated study area includes villages nearby Kinabalu Park. Through the popularity of the park and various other attractions within the area, tourism activities contributes to socio-cultural impacts towards its host communities. The perceptions and attitudes of the locals towards tourism are identified and evaluated. By having the input of host communities as part of conserving tourism whilst meeting certain principles of sustainable tourism, the paper aims to attain interesting findings about the perceptions of the host communities towards socio-cultural impacts of tourism on their community. The paper further aims to recommend for the continuous improvement of sustainable tourism development at Kinabalu Park and its surroundings.

  9. 北京市音乐旅游资源分布规律研究%Distribution of Music Tourism Attractions in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李山石; 刘家明; 黄武强

    2012-01-01

    Music tourism constitutes a critical part of cultural tourism,which can not only broaden advancement channels of the tourism industry,but also greatly enrich the cultural life of the residents.Beijing,one of the biggest cities in China,enjoys nearly all the music tourism attractions and it also represents the highest level of cultural and creative industries.Thus,the authors examined the spatial distribution of music tourism attractions in Beijing.Based on previous studies,the authors utilized the network combined with the literature and field investigations.Here, music tourism attractions were conceptually divided into three groups according to their functions: music tourism attractions for musical performance,sightseeing,and leisure.Subsequently,an music tourism attractions database was built based on this classification.With the aid of GIS,the spatial distribution was analyzed.In view of the overall allocation,the music tourism attractions center on the National Grand Theater in Beijing,spreading outward in concentric circles. Furthermore,traffic is the leading factor affecting the distribution of music tourism attractions, which is mainly along the principal loops and subways in Beijing.Specifically,1)there are 84 music tourism attractions for musical performance samples,including concert halls and theatres, which are concentrated in around conservatories,art troupes,and culture centers.Meanwhile; relevant policies help optimize the layout of the music tourism attractions for musical performance. 2)27 music tourism attractions for sightseeing samples were considered,including music theme parks,music culture industrial parks,musical instruments streets,music buildings,and music festival places.The majority of them depend on large urban parks,which are the best places to perform some music activities.It was found that the music industry cluster is developing,which helps promote their mutual cooperation;3)Data of 178 music tourism attractions for leisure

  10. Analysis of the cultural tourism trends and perspectives in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela TIGU

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Tourism brings a number of benefits, including the enhancement of economic opportunities by creating more jobs for local residents or the increase in income by stimulating and creating local and regional markets. Tourism can also help to protect natural and cultural heritage, preserve the values through education and interpretation, and help to support research and development of good environmental practices. This paper’s purpose is to analyse the cultural tourism in Romania, taking into consideration the potential of Romania’s cultural heritage and the benefits that tourism industry can bring to the country and to the local communities. The originality of this study is highlighted by the combination and correlation of statistics, including correlation and regression methods, that have as main purpose the computation and conclusions’ simplification, knowing that it is very difficult to quantify the multitude of all the factors that influence a specific phenomenon.

  11. THE PROMOTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM ON THE LEVEL OF BELGRADE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radomir Stojanovic

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural contents are among the most important elements of the overall cultural offer of big city destinations.The importance of cultural tourism promotion is especially significant in big cities, in their endeavors to create an image of authentic destination and in a psychological differentiation compared to competitive city destinations. Namely, cultural and natural attractions are the ones by which some city, as a destination, differs from the others, while some other factors of tourist offer (for instance, receptive factors, especially hotels within international hotel chains offer uniform and standardized services in all destinations

  12. Developing international market entry strategy for cultural tourism of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Alaeddinoğlu

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this paper are to examine potential international markets for culture tourism of Turkey and to determine a mode of entry strategy for it. The structure of this paper includes screening, identification, and selection stage based on applied various analysis, techniques, methods, and statistics. The major findings here suggest that South Korea and Canada are two possible foreign markets to penetrate. After deeply analysis of South Korea and Canada outbound tourism market, opening overseas tourism promotion office and applying agency are recommended as an appropriate mode of entry strategy for them, respectively. In this regard, practical implications are also mentioned for Destination Marketing Organisation of Turkey.

  13. Hakka Culture Tourism Development based on Tourist Satisfaction%基于游客满意度的客家文化旅游开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞万源; 冯亚芬; 梁锦梅

    2013-01-01

    以客家文化旅游为研究对象,运用游客满意理论,测评客家文化旅游的游客满意度,发现客家文化旅游游客满意度的显著影响因子,探讨基于游客满意度的客家文化旅游开发策略.结果表明,客家文化旅游游客总体满意度没有达到满意水平,不同游客群体满意度存在一定的差异,存在满意度显著影响因子.提出客家文化旅游开发的形象策略、市场策略、产品策略、环境策略、管理策略以提升客家文化旅游的形象价值、产品价值、环境价值和服务价值.%The Hakka culture tourism means using Hakka region's unique historical background and cultural and natural landscape to satisfy tourist cultural heritage and cultural experience tourism.Since the 21 st century,the Hakka culture tourism is booming.But the Hakka culture tourism development needs theoretical guidance extremely.So it is an effective way to enhance the competitiveness of tourist attraction and tourist satisfaction measurement to understand and grasp the service needs of the tourism.In Hakka cultural tourism,as the research object,the theory of satisfaction is used to assess the evaluation of the tourist satisfaction.Studies show that:1) The overall satisfaction degree of tourists is lower than satisfaction level.2) There are some differences in the satisfaction between different tourist groups.3) There are significant influence factors of satisfaction.Otherwise,the Hakka culture tourism has such problems as fuzzy image,narrow market,single product,lack characteristics,less service supervision and so on.Improving the visitors' understanding of Hakka culture,enriching Hakka culture tourism products,enhancing the cultural connotation of tourism products and optimizing the tourism environment are effective ways to enhance the satisfaction of Hakka culture tourism tourists.The article suggests:the Hakka culture tourism development should implement the image strategy,market strategy

  14. Analysis of the Relationship between Tourism and Food Culture

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, gastronomy has established itself as one of the key elements for the enhancement, sustainable and consolidation of tourist destinations. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the advancement of knowledge on gastronomic tourism in European countries, specifically in the analysis of the relationship between gastronomy, culture and tourism as the research focuses on the city of Córdoba, Spain. The methodology of this research involved conducting surveys with foreign traveler...

  15. THE ATTRACTIVENESS OF TOURISM RESOURCES AND THEIR EXPLOITATION IN RURAL COMMUNITIES OF VRANCEA COUNTY, ALTERNATIVE AND SUSTAINABLE LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra TĂTARU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Vrancea territory is one with the most attractive and various touristic resources in Romania, both natural and anthropic. The Evaluation of the touristic potential concerning both the main territorial administrative regions in Romania and those in Vrancea county but also the area hereby analyzed was made in conformity with PATN section 6, that is Areas with touristic resources, the identification of the main parts in order to delimit the touristic areas taking into account the following: the natural touristic potential, the cultural patrimony, the general infrastructure, the mainly touristic infrastructure and the quality of the environment. The development of the tourism is not achievable without a good touristic infrastructure, great accommodatian, a proper food administration, recreation and last but not the least a communication network that would provide full access to all touristic points. We should also add and take into account the quality of the technical infrastructure (water supply, power, sewerage, telecommunications and others which is strongly related to providing confort in the accommodation base, food and recreation as well. The localities whose anthropic and natural potential can be included into the touristic circuit, where the degree of urban and touristic equipping is improvable in order to operate various forms of tourism, can be organized into touristic villages, and the afferent income can become or turn into alternative investment funds to improve the life standard of the local communities on both medium and long term.

  16. UNESCO LABEL – PROMOTER A CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iordache Maria Carmen

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The uniqueness and importance of World Heritage is universally recognized throughout the world and this is causing the transformation of areas of heritage elements holding the top tourist destinations. It is essential to learn not only how to bring out the best of these elements of heritage, but also how to manage this new status could not be sensitive. The paper aims to show the relationship between culture and tourism, to highlight its role as a promoter of UNESCO World Cultural identity and analyze the importance of UNESCO criterion in developing and promoting cultural tourism.

  17. City Cemeteries as Cultural Attractions: Towards an Understanding of Foreign Visitors’ Attitude at the National Graveyard in Budapest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brigitta Pécsek

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to reposition urban cemeteries within the tourism supply and to showcase their values as cultural tourism products that can enrich visitors’ experiences. Although urban cemeteries as ritual meeting points of life and death have become an integral part of city tourism, contemporary tourism literature mostly embeds them in dark tourism or thanatourism, neglecting the experience-rich potentials of cemeteries as cultural products. This paper rectifies this by arguing that cemetery tourism makes a fascinating cultural display for tourists, offering both nature-based and cultural activities, therefore, it can be rightfully placed in heritage and cultural tourism. The paper investigates foreign visitors’ attitude at the National Graveyard in Budapest. During the empirical research 52 questionnaires were correctly filled in, followed by the same number of mini-interviews. The research findings confirmed the initial hypotheses: 1. Visitors regarded cemeteries as complex attractions representing both natural and cultural values, which added to the positive experiences of a Budapest city break. 2. There was no reference to the so called “dark aspects” of cemeteries in the answers. 3. Although the satisfaction rate was high, the lack of visitors is a clear indication that the cemetery in Budapest has been so far undervalued as an urban attraction. On the negative side, respondents criticized the lack of information sources available prior to visit, the inefficient marketing and the undesirable neighbourhood. The paper ultimately aims to provide stakeholders solid, preliminary data that might serve as a launching pad for further larger-scale research.

  18. KAJIAN ASPEK SIKLUS KEHIDUPAN OBJEK DAN DAYA TARIK WISATA STUDI KASUS: OBJEK WISATA UMBUL TLATAR, BOYOLALI (Study Of Life Cycle Aspect of Tourism Attraction Case Study: Tlatar Tourism Destination, Boyolali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nindyo Suwarno

    2008-03-01

    The method of this research is qualitative method with naturalistic paradigm, and the research approach are integrated tourism development, appropriate supply and demand and ecotourism. This research use macro analysis in order to identify the macro issues in Tlatar such as spring area, water park area, swimming pool area, fishing ground area, restaurant area, PDAM area, landscape, and Balai Benih Ikan (BBI. In the other hand, micro analysis cover hydrology, zoning and land use planning. To analyze  targeting, segmenting and positioning, this research use Market analysis.  The conclusion of this research is Tlatar tourism destination has a potential to be develop and  increasing its quality, in physique or non-physique aspect. The final result of this research is dividing Tlatar area into 3 zone: Core Zone, Main Attraction Zone, and Supporting Zone. Core Zone consist of river and spring conservation. Main Attraction Zone consist of water ecosystem education, water park, and family recreation zone, while Supporting Zone consist of fishing ground restaurant, cultural art, agro-tourism, village tourism, sport, and services zone.

  19. Eco-Cultural Tourism: A Tool for Environmental, Cultural and Economic Sustainability (A Case Study of Darap Village, West Sikkim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cajee Laitpharlang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Eco-cultural tourism is a concept where both ecological and cultural aspects of a landscape are combined together creating a tourist paradise. It is travel to destinations where both cultural and natural endowments are the prime attractions and thereby considered to be a potential strategy to support conservation of natural habitats along with economic sustainability particularly to indigenous communities. North Eastern Region of India is one of the most mesmerizing regions of the Indian subcontinent that mirrors a perfect blending of life, culture and ecology. It is a relatively unexplored and unique area in terms of both ecology and cultural diversity and is characterized by the abundance of natural endowments; pristine forests with a huge diversity of flora and fauna, enchanting hills, fast flowing streams and meandering rivers, cascading waterfalls, snowcapped mountain ranges etc. Approximately there are 65 indigenous tribes in the region along with a host of sub-tribes having their own distinctive cultures, customs and traditions preserved till today. This article tries to argue through a case study of village tourism at Darap in West Sikkim that eco-cultural tourism is a potent force for the overall economic, social and cultural development as well biodiversity conservation in the region.

  20. Residents’ Attitude toward Tourism Development: A Sociocultural Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Sajad Ebrahimi Meimand; Zainab Khalifah; Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas; Abbas Mardani; Amir Abbas Najafipour; Ungku Norulkamar Ungku Ahmad

    2017-01-01

    Host population support for tourism development has attracted the attention of researchers in tourism studies. Given the importance of understanding local community support for tourism development, limitations in understanding their priority and lack of a socio-cultural model of support for tourism, this study attempted to model locals’ support for tourism development based on socio-cultural factors in Malaysian Homestay program. Using extensive literature review, a tourism support model was ...

  1. Preliminary Considerations on Cultural Tourism in Abruzzo as a Strategic Tool for the Renewal of the Regional Tourist Offerings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Fuschi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Although the number of initiatives of place promotion, the Abruzzo tourism offer remains essentially polarized around two basic segments (the seaside/summer segment and the mountain/snow-based one and it strongly depends on the proximate tourist demand. Actually the Abruzzo region holds a wider and varied heritage, composed by cultural attractions, historical and architectural resources, wine and food potential and, more generally speaking, a lot heterogeneous environments and landscapes. These resources could respond to the new philosophies of tourism demand, characterised by the experiential motivations of peacefulness, tranquility and soul regeneration in a very close contact with nature. The goal of this study is to evaluate the potential tourism usability of the Abruzzo cultural heritage assessing the levels of the distribution of accommodation facilities and attractiveness. A more aware and integrated tourism offer may produce complementarities both at product and territory levels and may also absorb some critical issues of the regional tourism industry (no awareness of cultural tourism potential, the fragmentation of public policies, the inability to cooperate with a networking mentality.

  2. Survey of Effect of Merger in Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organizations on Tourism destinations Competitiveness Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A.Sohrabi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Organization mergers, integration of activities in two or more organizations, have always attracted the attention of policy makers as well as decision makers. The merger of the three organizations of Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts into one organization named the Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts organization which took place in two stages between 2003 and 2005, is among the biggest mergers of the past few years in our country. This paper analyzes the effects of this merger on the competitiveness of tourism destinations. The model proposed by Ritchie and Crouch (2003, which is the most comprehensive model in this area is used. This model considers five main factors: core resources and attractors, destination management, destination policy, planning and development, qualifying and amplifying determinants, and supporting factors and resources. The effects of the merger on these factors were studied using two questionnaires verified by experts in the field. 47 of the total 62 questions were put in the first questionnaire and the other 15 were put in the second. Since the merger was completed in 2005, the statistical population is comprised of managers and staff at the Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts organization in the province of Hamedan who had worked in one of the three separate organizations prior to the merger and tourists who had made a visit to the province then. 74 participants i.e. employees with over seven years of experience on the job responded to the first questionnaire and 219 responded to the second questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software package and single or multi-variant t-test. The results indicate that by considering 3 as the significance level all the hypotheses will be proven wrong. However, by considering 2 as the significance level all the hypotheses will be proven. This shows that not many changes may have taken place after the merger and it has only had a fair

  3. Cultured skin microbiota attracts malaria mosquitoes

    OpenAIRE

    Takken Willem; Knols Bart GJ; Beijleveld Hans; Verhulst Niels O; Schraa Gosse; Bouwmeester Harro J; Smallegange Renate C

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Host-seeking of the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto, is guided by human odours. The precise nature of the odours, and the composition of attractive blends of volatiles, remains largely unknown. Skin microbiota plays an important role in the production of human body odours. It is hypothesized that host attractiveness and selection of An. gambiae is affected by the species composition, density, and metabolic activity of the skin microbiota. A study ...

  4. Human-Computer Interaction, Tourism and Cultural Heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipolla Ficarra, Francisco V.

    We present a state of the art of the human-computer interaction aimed at tourism and cultural heritage in some cities of the European Mediterranean. In the work an analysis is made of the main problems deriving from training understood as business and which can derail the continuous growth of the HCI, the new technologies and tourism industry. Through a semiotic and epistemological study the current mistakes in the context of the interrelations of the formal and factual sciences will be detected and also the human factors that have an influence on the professionals devoted to the development of interactive systems in order to safeguard and boost cultural heritage.

  5. Commodification of culture in fiction-induced tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lipovšek Emilija

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the fiction-induced tourism, the illusion of the fictional world is maintained for the sake of the tourist in the real locations and thus it can be used to attract readership and cinephiles alike. Their desire to travel is based on the chronotope (Bakhtin, 1981 that is used as the background in their favourite books and films. Upon reading a book or seeing a film, the audience is inspired to visit the locations in a city where the plot took place. Thus the chronotope of the city featured in fiction develops palimpsestic features. If the flâneur experiences the city, its streets and inhabitants as he/she wanders aimlessly and translates afterwards all this into words in the urban narrative (Benjamin, 1968, then the tourist acts as a 'flâneur ranversé', while they walk the city and observe it in search of the places described in their favourite works of fiction. Moreover, the paper will consider some of the examples of the commodification of cultural products, including Harry Potter bookshop, guided walks and themed studio tours.

  6. A Study on Kinmen Resident's Perception of Tourism Development and Culture Heritage Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yi-Ping

    2016-01-01

    Tourism development could drive the enhancement of national income and the demands for international tourism that tourism benefits have become the key source of national revenue. The integration of cultural relics with tourism development to drive the national or regional development has currently become the world trend. Making good use of the…

  7. A Study on Kinmen Resident's Perception of Tourism Development and Culture Heritage Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yi-Ping

    2016-01-01

    Tourism development could drive the enhancement of national income and the demands for international tourism that tourism benefits have become the key source of national revenue. The integration of cultural relics with tourism development to drive the national or regional development has currently become the world trend. Making good use of the…

  8. Cross-culture Communications in Tourism under Conditions of Globalisation

    OpenAIRE

    Aldoshyna Mariia V.; Brusilseva Anna N.

    2014-01-01

    The article is devoted to the study of cross-cultural specific features of interaction within social and business communication in the international tourism. The goal of the article is analysis of the cross-cultural environment of Ukraine in the context of the world globalisation for efficient interaction in the sphere of international management and marketing. The article shows a necessity of a study of influence of national cultural features upon business activity of tourist enterprises wit...

  9. MANAGING SIDE EFFECTS OF CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF ZHOUZHUANG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    In recent years Zhouzhuang has been quite successful in developing a mass tourism industry. However,formal analyses of the past experiences of other provinces indicate that there are significant risks in the tourism develop ment policy followed in Zhouzhuang. Although the well preserved and reconstructed physical buildings have facilitated list ing on the UNESCO World Heritage List, the traditional canal-town life style, the major attraction of Zhouzhuang, is giv ing way to commercialization. Quick and easy compensating measures have been adopted to create a staged image of an authentic traditional lifestyle. Precautions should be made now or Zhouzhuang runs the risk of becoming little more than a thematic park with no real cultural or social meaning for tourists or the inhabitants. A system dynamics model has been built for the purpose of developing an understanding of the complex structure of Zhouzhuang tourism development. The model consists of six sectors: physical environment, culture, infrastructure, job market, tourist, and financial resource allocation and promotion. Simulation of the model shows that the time delay, eroding target and the non-linearity are the key internal factors leading to a potential growth and decline tourism development pattern. Further simulations were conduct ed to examine the impacts of various policy options. The model suggests that the most effective policy for sustainable tourism development is a conservative one that controls and limits the numbers of tourists. It is expected that the model can provide a learning "micro-world" which will facilitate understanding of the complexities of tourism development and serve as a guide to effective policy formulation.

  10. Cultured skin microbiota attracts malaria mosquitoes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhulst, N.O.; Beijleveld, H.; Knols, B.G.J.; Takken, W.; Schraa, G.; Bouwmeester, H.J.; Smallegange, R.C.

    2009-01-01

    Background - Host-seeking of the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto, is guided by human odours. The precise nature of the odours, and the composition of attractive blends of volatiles, remains largely unknown. Skin microbiota plays an important role in the production of human

  11. Cultured skin microbiota attracts malaria mosquitoes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takken Willem

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Host-seeking of the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto, is guided by human odours. The precise nature of the odours, and the composition of attractive blends of volatiles, remains largely unknown. Skin microbiota plays an important role in the production of human body odours. It is hypothesized that host attractiveness and selection of An. gambiae is affected by the species composition, density, and metabolic activity of the skin microbiota. A study is presented in which the production and constituency of volatile organic compounds (VOCs by human skin microbiota is examined and the behavioural responses of An. gambiae to VOCs from skin microbiota are investigated. Methods Blood agar plates incubated with skin microbiota from human feet or with a reference strain of Staphylococcus epidermidis were tested for their attractiveness to An. gambiae in olfactometer bioassays and indoor trapping experiments. Entrained air collected from blood agar plates incubated with natural skin microbiota or with S. epidermidis were analysed using GC-MS. A synthetic blend of the compounds identified was tested for its attractiveness to An. gambiae. Behavioural data were analysed by a χ2-test and GLM. GC-MS results were analysed by fitting an exponential regression line to test the effect of the concentration of bacteria. Results More An. gambiae were caught with blood agar plates incubated with skin bacteria than with sterile blood agar plates, with a significant effect of incubation time and dilution of the skin microbiota. When bacteria from the feet of four other volunteers were tested, similar effects were found. Fourteen putative attractants were found in the headspace of the skin bacteria. A synthetic blend of 10 of these was attractive to An. gambiae. Conclusions The discovery that volatiles produced by human skin microorganisms in vitro mediate An. gambiae host-seeking behaviour creates new opportunities for the

  12. Cultural indicators of tourism sustainability in Serbian spas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlović Sanja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses cultural indicators, one of five groups of comparative indicators of sustainable tourism, defined and suggested to the European Commission by a team of experts. The group of cultural indicators includes indicators such as the ratio of accommodation capacities to the number of population, and tourism intensity and they show the level of preservation of local population identity. The statistical data from the last four census year were used in the analysis of cultural indicators of tourism sustainability in spa settlements in Serbia. The ratio of accommodation capacities to the number of local population can be defined as favourable in most spas (green zone, since there is no intensive tourist construction (apart from illegal construction, while the tourism intensity based on the example of Serbian spa settlements points at very unfavourable situation, since in all four census years the recorded, the results are in the red zone, i.e. on the one hand, there is a relatively low number of local population and on the other hand, there is a high number of overnight stays. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 176008 i br. 176017

  13. Oviposition Attractancy of Bacterial Culture Filtrates: response of Culex quinquefasciatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Poonam

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Oviposition attractants could be used for monitoring as well as controlling mosquitoes by attracting them to lay eggs at chosen sites. In the present study, culture filtrates of seven bacterial species were tested for their attractancy against gravid females of Culex quinquefasciatus. When their oviposition active indices (OAI were studied, the culture filtrates of Bacillus cereus and Pseudomonas fluorescens exhibited oviposition attractancy (OAI = >0.3 at 100 ppm and the OAI were respectively 0.70 and 0.47. Culture filtrates of B. thuringiensis var. israelensis (wild type, B. t. var. israelensis (mutant and B. sphaericus showed attractancy at 2000 ppm with OAI of respectively 0.71, 0.59 and 0.68. However, the OAI of B. megaterium as well as Azospirillum brasilense was 0.13 (at 2000 ppm, which was less than 0.3 required to be considered them as attractants. When the oviposition attractancy of the bacterial culture filtrates were compared with that of a known oviposition attractant, p-cresol (at 10 ppm, the culture filtrates of B. t. var. israelensis (wild type and B. cereus were found to be more active than p-cresol, respectively with 64.2 and 54.3% oviposition.

  14. "That's enough patients for everyone!": Local stakeholders' views on attracting patients into Barbados and Guatemala's emerging medical tourism sectors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Jeremy; Crooks, Valorie A; Johnston, Rory; Cerón, Alejandro; Labonte, Ronald

    2016-10-07

    Medical tourism has attracted considerable interest within the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. Governments in the region tout the economic potential of treating foreign patients while several new private hospitals primarily target international patients. This analysis explores the perspectives of a range of medical tourism sector stakeholders in two LAC countries, Guatemala and Barbados, which are beginning to develop their medical tourism sectors. These perspectives provide insights into how beliefs about international patients are shaping the expanding regional interest in medical tourism. Structured around the comparative case study methodology, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 50 medical tourism stakeholders in each of Guatemala and Barbados (n = 100). To capture a comprehensive range of perspectives, stakeholders were recruited to represent civil society (n = 5/country), health human resources (n = 15/country), public health care and tourism sectors (n = 15/country), and private health care and tourism sectors (n = 15/country). Interviews were transcribed verbatim, coded using a collaborative process of scheme development, and analyzed thematically following an iterative process of data review. Many Guatemalan stakeholders identified the Guatemalan-American diaspora as a significant source of existing international patients. Similarly, Barbadian participants identified their large recreational tourism sector as creating a ready source of foreign patients with existing ties to the country. While both Barbadian and Guatemalan medical tourism proponents share a common understanding that intra-regional patients are an existing supply of international patients that should be further developed, the dominant perception driving interest in medical tourism is the proximity of the American health care market. In the short term, this supplies a vision of a large number of Americans lacking adequate health insurance willing to

  15. Responsible tourism in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Debicka; Aneta Oniszczuk-Jastrzabek

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is to present the concept of responsible tourism in theory, and present the results of authors’ survey on the awareness of responsible tourism in Poland. Design – Development of the tourist industry often has negative effects on wildlife and local communities, and so for these values which are most valuable in attracting tourist to a particular place. Low tourist culture of travelling persons can result in a situation in which tourism may threaten the fou...

  16. THE IMPACT OF CULTURAL EVENTS ON TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: SIBIU - THE EUROPEAN CULTURAL CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GREG RICHARDS

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study reviews the findings of longitudinal field research in Sibiu on the cultural profile of tourists during and afterthe European Cultural Capital Programme (ECOC and the effects of the event on local tourism. The impact of theevent can be gauged through the growth of tourism stimulated by infrastructure improvements and productdevelopment, not only in terms of increasing tourist numbers but also by the increase of local income from tourism andrelated sectors. The ECOC has turned into a model followed by many European cities seeking tourism growth andimage change. The ten years of research conducted in Sibiu have highlighted the variety of long term effects that canresult from such a complex development model, including tourism growth, changes in tourist profile, imageimprovement and increased social cohesion.

  17. Developing Cultural Tourism Through Cross-Sector Co-operation: Evidence from the West of Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Mottiar, Ziene; Quinn, Bernadette; Ryan, Theresa

    2016-01-01

    Studies of co-operative activity in the tourism literature focus largely on linkages between tourism firms and little has been done to examine co-operation between tourism firms and those in other sectors. Yet the inter-dependency that exits between tourism and other sectors in product development is clearly apparent. One such example is in the production of cultural tourism where co-operation between the cultural and tourism sectors is a necessity. This paper reports on the findings of a pro...

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE IN TERMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae PLATON

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In a society where the emphasis is placed on innovation and creativity, and where tourism companies need to be flexible to deal with the competitive environment, the management approach from the perspective of integrating a performing organizational culture is essential. The modern enterprise operates in a dynamic, environmentally-friendly environment that brings about constant changes and considerable investment efforts to take advantage of the opportunities it is offered. Of course, connecting to environmental opportunities is not an option but a necessity, especially in the current globalization process. In this article, the author describes the typology of organizational cultures, simultaneously characterizing the premises, components and cultural values specific to tourism enterprises.

  19. The Impact of Tourism on Rural Development: The Kwabre District ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Impact of Tourism on Rural Development: The Kwabre District as a Case Study. ... interviews with tourists, socio-economic survey and personal observation of ... endowed with the benefits of unique cultural tourism attractions coupled with ...

  20. Promotion of the cultural heritage of Mediterranean city in the scope of upgrading cultural tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đokić Vladan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available World and especially European trends of tourist economy are mainly focused on development of diversity in cultural tourism. Cultural tourism is a complex of numerous activities that enables not only the affirmation of cultural-historic motives, but also provides important resources for renewal of cultural-historic monuments, tangible and intangible heritage and resources. Today, there is no serious and ambitious country that does not prefer development of tourism in its development strategies as a planetary phenomenon and development sector. This specially refers to cultural tourism, as a competitive segment, based on local authenticity, unique areas, urban entities and ambiance, different historic layers and monuments, local tradition, myths and customs, affirmative mentality of population, geographic and ecological resources, in brief - complex and original identity of its area and its population. Cultural tourism in Montenegro has a modest tradition and only recently through valuable but sporadic initiatives and encouragements from Europe, attempts to valorize its own potentials, making them competitive through creative projects and programs. It is most certainly that the Montenegrin coast is a deeply settled part of complex Mediterranean cultural sphere that possesses certain characteristics which marks it as a unique cultural space in which different historical, geographic, confessional and other influences from surroundings intersect, predefining it for development of cultural tourism. This paper represents an effort to create a professional study report, although limited to single destination - city of Budva that treats cultural tourism in correlation with evaluation of renewal and use of cultural-historic and built heritage. From the mentioned reasons and within described context, this paper tends to be a small, but precisely created contribution to the future actions of creating complex tourist offer at Montenegrin coast, especially in

  1. Sustainable Cultural Tourism in Urban Destinations: Does Space Matter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibon Aranburu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Policy makers and tourism developers must understand visitors’ mobility behavior and how they consume space and tourism resources in order to set up sustainable cultural tourism destinations. With this in mind, it should also be pointed out that the mobility patterns of tourists in urban destinations are mainly located in the city center (spatial centrality, the analysis of which enables us to define “how central” the resources (museums, monuments, etc. are and what the interactions between them are. Comprehending which factors influence visitors’ urban mobility behavior is key to understanding tourists’ consumption of space and their connections with the tourism assets of the city. Furthermore, when tourists visit a destination, they make a mental representation of the destination, constructing a mental map of it. Thus, tourists consume not only spaces but also the image of a city/destination. Moreover, the latter influences the former. The quality of surrounding architecture and urbanism plays a crucial role in enhancing the experiential value of a destination and influencing space consumption preferences. Clearly, visitors are more likely to use/consume environments that are easily navigated and mentally legible. In order to explore these patterns, a real experiment was performed based on visitor behavior in the city of Bilbao. In addition, the central places of Bilbao were determined and an analysis of the spatial interaction between cultural sites was performed, making use of a new methodology based on GPS technologies, network analysis, and surveys. This methodology is the main contribution of this work. The results suggest that (1 easy mobility (walkability, accessibility, different transport modes of the visited space facilitates the tourist experience; (2 simple and eligible mental maps of the city that are easily perceived by visitors facilitate the rapid consumption of the tourist destination; and (3 the centrality of the

  2. Tourism in Maramureº, between Desire and Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Sabou Simona

    2013-01-01

    Maramureº County is regarded as having the greatest potential for tourism, according to the study "Data about the cultural and tourism potential of localities in Romania", conducted by the Center for Research and Consultancy in the Field of Culture in Bucharest. So, approaching this theme is logical. This paper presents the main tourism attractions of the county, its tourism infrastructure, the number of tourists, tourism investments. In this respect the latest information from the National I...

  3. Chinese-American foods : Geography, culture and tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Food is a major way that Chinese, and other ethnic groups, engage with their cultural heritage. Behavioral perspectives from tourism studies give insight into the range of food neophyllics (love of new foods) and food neophobics (fear of new foods), as well as the role of authenticity in food experiences. Three general types of Chinese food are identified in the US: Chinese American (restaurant) Food, Real Chinese (restaurant) Food, and American Born Chinese (home) Food. Traditional Chinese A...

  4. Cultural diversity and Subsidiarity: more of the same or conflicting principles ? The case of cultural tourism in the European Union

    OpenAIRE

    Dumont, Elisabeth; Teller, Jacques

    2007-01-01

    This article takes the example of cultural tourism to highlight the specificities of European Cultural Policies. It argues, that, although it is often presented as a way of supporting a diversity of approaches, styles and objectives, the subsidiarity principle can sometimes endanger the cultural diversity it seeks to protect. Tourism for instance, has long been considered as a self-regulating activity and cultural tourism is often considered as “sustainable by nature”. Experience however show...

  5. World, European and National Policies in the Field of Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Popa

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available At both world and national level, transnational policies in the field of tourism, in general, and of cultural tourism, in particular, come from the U.N.E.S.C.O. and from the W.T.O. represented by the U.N.O., while at European level these policies are exclusively the result of the European Union and of the European Council. National policies in the field of cultural tourism in Romania are developed by the Ministry of Tourism, and are included and detailed in the Master Plan for the Development of National Tourism. Though the number of associations, committees, councils, organisations, and other organisms dealing with world and European tourism is larger, at national level the National Authority of Tourism does not supply the necessary instruments to achieve sustainable development in the field of hospitality and of tourism, lacking marketing policies and coherent promotional strategies based on detailed understanding and on hierarchy of source markets.

  6. Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The tourism sector accounted for 13% of GDP in 2010 and employs nearly a quarter of the workforce, placing Jordan just after Lebanon in tourism receipts as % of GDP, but far ahead of Morocco, Syria and Egypt (fig. VII.29). The bulk of tourism comes from the Arab world, mainly the Gulf, followed by Asia, Europe and the Americas (fig. VII.30). Out of the 9.5 million people who entered Jordan in 2009 (a figure that includes tourism, but also business tourism), 8 million people came from Arab cou...

  7. Premises of the Religious Cultural Tourism Development in the Galati – Braila Urban Perimeter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca Turtureanu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The authors aim at analyzing the possibilities of urban tourism development. In the urban areas Galati – Braila it begins to require cultural tourism. Religious tourism, as being the oldest manifestation of cultural tourism finds its resources in this area. The difference between this form of tourism and others is just the religious motivation of tourists. The forms of religious tourism are diverse, but it prevails in the area visiting the holy places. The two urban centers, Galati and Braila offers besides traditional cultural tourism resources, the promenade - Danube promenade trails, opportunities for health care, Lacul Sarat or recognized places of worship such as monasteries and Salt Lake subdued in the Archdiocese of Lower Danube.

  8. More natural and cultural spacefor tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>City-dwellers looking for an escape from their concrete jungles are flocking to old-fashioned towns in the countryside, in search of a haven of peace. Contrary to the trend of millions of migrant labourers moving towards the big cities in search of jobs, white-collar and urban residents relish a space with fresh air and traditional culture. Increas-

  9. Royal Buddhist Monasteries in Rattanakosin Period: Potential Development Guidelines for Promoting Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phra Somphop Nasing

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Royal Buddhist Monasteries or Temples are among the world’s most famous cultural attractions, full of magnificent arts such as Murals, stained glass and richly decorated gables, doors and windows panels in which some temples have been included as a world heritage. Apart from the precious architecture and beautiful courtyards, Thai Monasteries have long been the center pillar of social and spiritual guidance to Thai society. The Monastery plays an important role in various areas ranging from being the center for learning the Buddhist way of life, an education center for the young, center for sacred ceremonies for auspicious occasions and the host to various Buddhist ceremonies and local Thai festivals. Throughout its history, The Thai Buddhist monasteries, especially the royal monasteries have become a symbol of the Thai way of life and have attracted visitors from all over the world. Due to its high potential in monetary returns from cultural tourism, The Thai government have implemented various strategies in the past but had never really studied the various issues, status, role and potential of the monasteries in detail. Suggestions for the development of Royal Monasteries into a cultural tourist attraction include improvement in landscaping, security, public conveniences and facilities, attraction sites, potentials in providing services, advertising, public relations, activities and temple’s management.

  10. A Case Study on Socio-cultural Impacts of Tourism in the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan: India

    OpenAIRE

    Singla, Dr. Manika

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the community perceptions of the socio-cultural impacts of culture and heritage tourism in particular and examines the extent to which they coincide with the tourism impact literature. This study not only deals with socio-cultural impacts perceived by residents as the impacts of tourism development but also identify the effects of demographic variation on the residents' attitudes towards tourism. Considering the relationship between residents and tourism, the present stu...

  11. Cultural Heritage Tourism in South Africa: Perceived a Panacea for Rural Development?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mildred Samukelisiwe Nkwanyana

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural heritage tourism is perceived as one of the major development opportunities for Africa. This study conducted in South Africa, enquired the perceptions of the local communities towards their cultural heritage tourism development, and their level of participation in such development. Quantitative data were collected from simple randomly selected respondents using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive data analysis provided information required to address research objective. Local community members surveyed are sceptic towards cultural heritage tourism development invariably becoming a panacea for their rural development. Cultural heritage tourism development in South Africa should align with the sustainable rural tourism critical success factors recommended by this paper. This study conducted in a district of South Africa has implications for cultural heritage tourism development in developing economies.

  12. Regional Development and Sustainability: Cultural Tourism in the Southern Region of Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José G. Vargas-Hernández

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the potential of cultural tourism in the municipalities that comprise region 6 of the State of Jalisco, territorially delimited in the South of Jalisco. (Subject is missing Are tested first to identify the demand for cultural tourism to determine the profile of the cultural tourist under the assumptions that tourists especially motivated by culture tend to travel longer distances than most tourists. It discusses the motivations and satisfactions of cultural tourists in order to establish the potential market in accordance with the characteristics of the target market in the southern region of Jalisco. Any operation of cultural tourism companies should make the strategic diagnosis, which explains the use of SWOT analysis as a tool for strategic planning of cultural tourism enterprises. Finally, we propose some development strategies of cultural tourism in this region of Southern Jalisco.

  13. Analysis of the Relationship between Tourism and Food Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Jiménez-Beltrán

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, gastronomy has established itself as one of the key elements for the enhancement, sustainable and consolidation of tourist destinations. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the advancement of knowledge on gastronomic tourism in European countries, specifically in the analysis of the relationship between gastronomy, culture and tourism as the research focuses on the city of Córdoba, Spain. The methodology of this research involved conducting surveys with foreign travelers who were lunching or dining at various restaurants in the historic area, and these facilities were characterized by having in their gastronomic menus major typical culinary products of the city using the concept of tapas, i.e., the presentation of gastronomy through small portions of food. The results of the study indicate that the healthy component of the gastronomy represents the main dimension. Based on the detected dimensions, three types of international visitors are established (healthy-cultural tourist, cultural tourist and generic tourist which are considered valid and useful for segmenting the market. This highlights the importance given to gastronomy by tourists as part of the cultural identity of a place and the satisfaction achieved through the gastronomy of the city of Córdoba.

  14. Gastronomy Tourism in Several Neighbor Countries of Indonesia: a Brief Review

    OpenAIRE

    Kurniasih Sukenti

    2014-01-01

    Gastronomy tourism, also called culinary tourism or food tourism, is a kind of tourism that provide attractions based on the culinary aspect owned by a country, region, or area. It is not only offers food and beverages as the main objects in its attractions, but also everything related to food activities ranging from food ingredients, preparation, processing, serving, as well as the cultural and local values. A well-managed culinary tourism will be a supportive program in developing and enhan...

  15. Looking for Tourism Legacy for the Future: Social and Cultural Dimensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camelia SURUGIU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The investigation of socio-cultural impact of tourism has brought about a substantial number of case studies, still its assessment remains very poor. This paper aims to put under discussion some indices and instruments of measuring the socio-economic impact of tourism, such as tourism intensity, correlation indicators, covariance analysis, Kuznets curve, regional tourism development typology at European and national level. The results of this analysis should represent useful data for policy-makers and practitioners in order to consolidate tourism policy objectives and philosophies of development on medium and long term.

  16. Cultural Awareness in the Icelandic Tourism Industry: An exploration of cultural awareness and workplace diversity management in an expanding industry

    OpenAIRE

    Birna Sif Kristínardóttir 1986

    2013-01-01

    Tourism has experienced rapid growth over the last decades and is now among the fastest growing economic sectors in the world. With increased globalisation and expansion of the Icelandic tourism industry, Icelandic tourist practitioners are now facing a wider variety of foreigners coming to the country both as tourists and employees. Global changes in tourist demographics require need of cross-cultural awareness, understanding and acceptance of cultural differences by tourism practitioners. ...

  17. Cross-culture Communications in Tourism under Conditions of Globalisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldoshyna Mariia V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of cross-cultural specific features of interaction within social and business communication in the international tourism. The goal of the article is analysis of the cross-cultural environment of Ukraine in the context of the world globalisation for efficient interaction in the sphere of international management and marketing. The article shows a necessity of a study of influence of national cultural features upon business activity of tourist enterprises with consideration of their international and cross-cultural nature of activity. The article identifies functions of culture and presents basic classifications of the world cultures by Geert Hofstede, Fons Trompenaars and Edward Twitchell Hall Jr. It considers specific features of activity of tourist enterprises in the spheres of cross-cultural management and marketing, formulates problems of manifestation of cultural differences in these spheres. It offers main advertising strategies in the international communication policy, which help enterprises to promote their tourist products to international markets more efficiently.

  18. The SWOT Analysis of the Tea Culture Tourism in Lincang%临沧茶文化旅游SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施荣连; 赵家泉

    2012-01-01

    茶文化旅游作为荼业与现代旅游业相结合的一种新型旅游,对游客具有很大的吸引力,临沧茶文化资源丰富,底蕴深厚,发展茶文化旅游具有广阔的市场前景。文章运用SWOT分析方法,对临沧茶文化旅游发展的优势、劣势,机会和威胁进行分析,并提出临沧茶文化旅游发展建议。%Tea culture tourism, a new type of tourism combing the tea industry with the modem tourism, is very attractive to tourists. The tea culture in Lincang has rich resources and long history. Enhancing it has a broad market prospects. This article uses the method of SWOT to analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats about the tea culture tourism and presents some feasible proposals.

  19. Cities as Creative Spaces for Cultural Tourism: A Plea for the Consideration of History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Walker

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Cultural tourism around the world is big business. Tourism stakeholders within tourism destinations understandably work hard to develop brands and images that entice cultural tourists to visit. However, when tourism stakeholders involved in this process do not prioritise host community selfknowledge, cultural integrity is compromised and cultural distortion inevitably arises. The purpose of this paper is to raise the issue of congruity between tourism brand and tourist experience, and to make a plea for the consideration of history in the imaging, branding and interpretation processes. The conclusion is that the effective use of local history can illuminate host community self-knowledge for the benefit of both cultural tourist and host community.

  20. Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Sydney has been shaped by tourism but in a large metropolis, where tourist experiences so often overlap with everyday activity, its impact often escapes attention. Urban tourism involves not just international visitors, but people from interstate and regional NSW and even day trippers, who all see and use the city differently. Tourist Sydney has never been the same as workaday Sydney – the harbour, beaches, city centre, the Blue Mountains and national parks to the north and south loomed dispr...

  1. The Development of a Tourism Attraction Model by Using Fuzzy Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jieh-Ren Chang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a model to investigate the tourists’ preference. Ten attributes of tourist destinations were used in this study. Fuzzy set theory was adopted as the main analysis method to find the tourists’ preference. In this study, 248 pieces of data were used. Besides the evaluations for the factors, the overall evaluations (namely, satisfied, neutral, and dissatisfied for every tourism destination were also inquired. After screening, 201 pieces of these data could be used. In these 201 pieces of data, 141 were classified into “satisfied” with the tourism destination, accounting for 70.15%, and 49 were “neutral,” accounting for 24.38%, while 11 were “dissatisfied,” accounting for 5.47%. Eight rules were obtained with the method of fuzzy preprocess. Regarding the condition attributes, three of the original ten attributes were found influential, namely, level of prices, living costs, information and tourist services, and tourist safety of the tourism destinations. From the results of this study, it is shown that top management of tourism destinations should put resources in these fields first, in order to allow limited resources to perform to maximum effectiveness.

  2. Gastronomy as a Tourism Attraction for Łódź

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Andrzej Stasiak

    2015-01-01

    Over the last 25 years, a rapid development in gastronomic services in Łódź and other large Polish cities has been observed, as a result of a growing interest in good cooking both on the part of inhabitants and visitors (culinary tourism...

  3. Oenotourism and conservation: a holistic approach to special interest tourism from a cultural heritage perspective - the Azienda Agricola Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandor Nemethy

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In wine producing countries viticultural and oenological practices and traditions, trades and crafts, the built and written heritage, the history, social structures, economy, a number of intangible values and the viticultural landscape constitute the cultural heritage of a wine region. Thus, the touristic products of oenotourism are complex attractions with a substantial number of educational elements, such as on-site wine appreciation courses, organized wine excursions on well known wine routes, wine festivals, international sommelier days or agro-tourism in wine estates where tourists may have the opportunity to participate in the harvest and learn more about the wine making process. The main target groups of wine-tourism consist of educated, mostly middle aged people with reasonably good economy and a clear intention to learn more about the culture and history of the country and its viticultural areas in an informal, entertaining way. An increasing number of vintners expand their agribusiness with a complete product structure such as grape seed oil, grappa, fruit juice, cheese, olive oil, food supplements produced from grapes, accommodation facilities from bed and breakfast to hotels and restaurants, creating herewith ideal conditions for tourism, often utilizing the network of completing, additional tourist attractions in the neighbourhood. Special attention shall be paid to the organic viticulture and wine production based on the maintenance of ecological cycles in the vineyard, because it can be the basis of eco-wine tourism, and even wine-heritage tourism due to the revival of certain traditional cultivation methods, trades and crafts linked to the historical routes of the wine industry. In this study we analyze the main aspects of wine-heritage and the terroir as source for touristic product development and propose a model for micro-region based sustainable oenoturism and eco-oenotourism with increasing economical viability.

  4. CULTURAL CAPITAL AS TOURISM DEVELOPMENT BASIS IN TRADITIONAL VILLAGE OF KUTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketut Sumadi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a favourite sector in improving Bali revenue and kind of tourismdeveloped is cultural one. In cultural tourism, it takes place meaning modification ofcultural practice by krama (member of traditional village in order to cultural capitalcan survive in the middle of tourism dynamic condition. This research entitled“Cultural capital as tourism development basis in traditional village of Kuta”, byproposing three problems, namely how is the process of cultural capital as tourismdevelopment basis, what factors can motivate tourism capital as tourism developmentbasis, and what is the meaning of cultural capital as tourism development basis.The research is conducted using qualitative method and cultural studiesapproach, so data analysis is conducted in descriptive qualitative and interpretativeones. Selection of traditional village of Kuta as research location based onconsideration that traditional village of Kuta having integrated tourism facilities forfacilities addressed to member of traditional village. The review about culturalcapital as the tourism development basis in this traditional village of Kuta, eclecticstheories consisting of Hegemonic theory of Gramsci, co-modification theory of KarlMarx and Adorno, discourse-power/knowledge and truth theory of Foucoult anddeconstruction theory of Derrida.Based on the research output, it can be known: (1 Cultural capital process astourism development basis in traditional village of Kuta is inseparable fromforeigners arrival in traditional village of Kuta, the entrance of Military (TheCooperative Center of Arm Force in managing Kuta beach and the occurrence ofBali bombing tragedy on October 12th, 2002; (2 The factors that motivate culturalcapital as the tourism development basis in traditional village of Kuta, such asmotivation and the necessity of tourists visiting traditional village of Kuta, tourismhegemony, changing of life philosophy of member of traditional village fromidealism into

  5. A Study of Cross-cultural Pragmatic Failures in Tourism Interpretation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wei-jie

    2015-01-01

    In the tourism interpretation, guide interpreter incompetent in cross-cultural pragmatic awareness and ability happens to make various cross-cultural pragmatic failures, which would result in misunderstandings or even failures in communication. The phenomenon of cross-cultural pragmatic failures in the tourism interpretation from two subdivisions:pragmalinguistic failure and sociopragmatic failure would be discussed from the interdisciplinary perspective, aiming to the promotion of the quality of tourism interpretation and the advancement of the cross-cultural communication between China and the west.

  6. New Search on Promote Strategy of the Attraction of Red Tourism Product%红色旅游产品吸引力提升策略新探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姬冉

    2012-01-01

    This article take views on the attraction of red tourism product, analyzing the target markets and market demand of Red tourism and proposing that the disign of red tourism product should focus on experience elements. What' s more, it should develop mind, change ideas, and expand the target market, using a variety of portfolio strategy, making the sophisticated marketing well and enhancing the attraction of red tourism product ultimately. Red tourism can' t make only the political mission and red sentiment as the source of attraction. We should excavate the content of red tourism product abundantly and band other thematic tourism products together, to enrich the connotation of red tourism product and bring up its attraction and competitiveness.%从红色旅游产品吸引力角度,分析了红色旅游的目标市场和市场需求,提出红色旅游产品的设计应以体验要素为主,更要拓展思路,改变观念,扩展目标市场,采用多种组合战略,做好精细营销,最终提升红色旅游产品的吸引力。红色旅游不能仅靠政治使命、红色情缘作为吸引力来源,应该充分挖掘红色旅游产品内涵,与其他主题的旅游产品结合起来,充实红色旅游产品内涵,提升其吸引力和竞争力。

  7. Emerging Issues for Cultural Tourism in Macau Fragen des Kultur-Toursmus in Macau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilary du Cros

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Recent research on achieving sustainable heritage tourism in Macau advocates a greater collaboration between tourism and heritage management authorities and the local community on reaching sustainable tourism goals. A key theme for Macau in the last ten years has been how the tension between the proponents for greater casino development versus those for cultural heritage product development has played out in government policies for heritage management, private sector tourism development and host community concerns about heritage protection and achieving quality tourism. The indirect influence of the central government on Macau Special Administrative Region’s (SAR’s policy development in relation to these topics in the last ten years will be discussed in this context using findings from three recent studies by the Institute For Tourism Studies (IFT and background information collected on government policy and community views. This paper will outline emerging issues regarding demand, supply, and impacts of cultural tourism with reference to findings from four recent research projects. Special reference will be made to over-use and under-use issues, authenticity, and the management of tourism impacts while enhancing visitor experience. Strategic planning and management of cultural tourism products will also be touched upon. Jüngste Forschungen zum Kultur- und Denkmal-Tourismus in Macau haben ergeben, dass einer stärkeren Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Verwaltungsbereichen Toursmus und Denkmalpflege sowie den lokalen Gemeinden große Bedeutung zukommt, um eine nachhaltige Förderung der Tourismus zu erzielen.

  8. 基于人居环境视角的乡村旅游吸引力体系研究%Research on Rural Tourism Attraction System from the Perspective Human Settlement Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方法林; 张骏

    2012-01-01

    The development of human settlement in the rural tourism destination was required by the strategic guidance of "building a new socialist countryside", and ought to become one of the generalized tourism resources in view of the unique attraction to tourists from the rural tourism at the same time. As a result, the healthy and sustainable development of rural tourism could be boosted by taking the advantages of the rural human settlement, from the perspects of optimizing ecological environment, aboriginal education, agricultural landscape and upgrading agricultural products, and rural tourism cultural construction.%乡村旅游目的地人居环境的开发既是“建设社会主义新农村”战略方针的要求,同时鉴于其对旅游者的独特吸引力,又理应成为广义旅游资源的一种.因此可以从生态环境优化、原住民教育、农业景观及产品升级、乡村旅游文化建设的角度出发,利用乡村人居环境优势来促进乡村旅游业的健康持续发展.

  9. CULTURAL – FOLKLORE EVENTS – PROMOTERS OF THE CULTURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Maria IORDACHE

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In an era of overcalling output and of removing state borders, it is very important to know and to be able to identify ourselves. Cultural folklore holidays/festivals represent one of the most extensive and complex elements of the immaterial popular culture, acting as an icon because they integrate social, ethic, aesthetic, cultural values specific to a nation. Most tourists have looked for and will continue to look for this icon and to discover it during their holidays and journeys, wishing to know, to explore and to experiment other peoples’ culture and way of living.

  10. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE EFFECTS OF INCREASING THE SATISFACTION OF THE VISITORS AND DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tünde SZABÓ

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to succeed on the market, organizations must permanently focus their efforts towards understanding and fulfilling the necessities and expectations of all their clients, both the current and the potential ones. At the same time, enterprises must identify methods and tools appropriate for evaluating the satisfaction degree of the clients and for ensuring the loyalty of the most important clients, as well as improving the internal and external relational system and creating new partnerships with loyal clients. The effects of increasing the client satisfaction can be numerous, and they depend greatly on the activities specific to each organization. In the current paper, an attempt is made to highlight the possible effects of increasing the satisfaction of the visitors of the National Seckler Museum from Sfîntu Gheorghe, - effects like an increased number of visitors, tourist attraction, developing and promoting cultural tourism in the county.

  11. Cultural Tourism in the Urban Context: Museologic Routes – The cases of Aveiro and Ílhavo (Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Vidal Maia

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This study identifies how crucial are the relationships between cultural resources and touristic attractions, passing through a journey of transmutation that meets two essential requirements: the need for cultural storytelling or information and the need of providing a unique experience to cultural consumers. One of the most successful products, in the relationship between tourism and culture, are museum routes. This ex-post facto study creates a whole cultural-touristic dynamic through museum routes and their planning in urban areas. We also try to encompass the museum activity of Aveiro and Ílhavo in order to protect and promote sociocultural and patrimonial resources. Our main goal consists on the integration of related areas such as tradition, heritage, art, costumes, crafts, ethnography and history by creating a stronger regional cultural touristic product, that we named “Route Museums, Memories and Stories in the Urban Context of Aveiro and Ílhavo”.

  12. Rural Tourism at its Peak: Socio-Cultural Impacts towards Host Communities of Kinabalu Park, Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo)

    OpenAIRE

    Tangit Tania Maria; Md Hasim Ahmad Khairuman; Adanan Akmal

    2014-01-01

    The Kinabalu Park in Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo) represents multiple tourism opportunities for its stakeholders, host communities and tourists. Being the first World Heritage Site in Malaysia endorsed by UNESCO since 2000, this nature-based tourism destination is a popular tourism destination in Malaysia, as well as in the Asia region. The designated study area includes villages nearby Kinabalu Park. Through the popularity of the park and various other attractions within the area, tourism activi...

  13. Integrating Sustainability and Hawaiian Culture into the Tourism Experience of the Hawaiian Islands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Agrusa

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The travel industry in Hawaii has been experiencing a trend towards more authentic tourism, which reintegrates Hawaiian culture into the visitors’ experience. This study investigated the reintegration of Hawaiian culture into the tourism experience on the Hawaiian Islands by reviewing existing literature, and by analyzing primary data collected through visitor surveys. The purpose of the study was to determine whether there is a visitors’ demand for a more authentic tourism experience in Hawaii through the reintegration of Hawaiian culture, and if so, which efforts should be made or continue to be made to achieve this authenticity. Important aspects that were taken into consideration in this research effort arethe changes Hawaiian culture has experienced with the arrival of outsiders, and the authenticity of the Hawaiian tourism experience today. Further aspects that were examined include the visitors’ image of Hawaii, their expectations, their experiences and satisfaction during their stay, their interest in and understanding of Hawaiian culture, as well as the type of Hawaiian cultural experiences they are interested in. According to the findings of this study, English speaking visitors are interested in Hawaiian culture and feel that Hawaiian culture is not represented enough in the tourism experience today. The conclusion is, therefore, that efforts to integrate Hawaiian culture into the tourism experience need to be increasedbeyond what is currently being done. Ideas for reintegrating Hawaiian culture are discussed and possible solutions are provided.

  14. Marketing of the Balkans as à tourist destination for cultural tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work is to outline possibilities for the marketing of the Balkans as à tourist destination for cultural tourism. It gives à definition of the Balkan region as à tourist destination. The target cultural tourist segments of the region are indicated. The strategic marketing mix is drawn for the positioning of the Balkans on the market of cultural tourism. The possible organizational platform for the marketing of the Balkans as à tourist destination is shown.

  15. Relation between creative teaching and sustainable practices in cultural heritage tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Rašperić Ružica; Lekić Romana; Fištrek Lidija

    2016-01-01

    This paper is primarily concerned with alternative teaching methodologies. Creative teaching methodologies place the student at the center of the learning process. This paper is a case study of 'Orion - promotion of the Vučedol culture' project as a self-sustainable cultural product. The primary goal of the project is the promotion of heritage through cultural tourism. The 'Orion' project was launched in cooperation with third year undergraduate students at the Department of Tourism of VERN U...

  16. The cultural and ecological impacts of aboriginal tourism: a case study on Taiwan's Tao tribe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Tzu-Ming; Lu, Dau-Jye

    2014-01-01

    We show that tourism activities severely impact the ecology of Orchid Island, its natural resources, and the culture of the Tao tribe. For example, highway widening, in response to the increased traffic volumes caused by tourism, required many Pandanus trees to be cut and removed, which has placed the coconut crabs in danger of extinction. To promote eco-tourism, observation trips to observe Elegant Scops owls and Birdwing butterflies have taken place, which has affected the breeding of these two protected species. The Elegant Scops owls- and Birdwing butterflies-related tourism activities also break the "evil spirits" taboo of the Tao people and have caused the disappearance of the specifications for using traditional natural resources, causing natural ecosystems to face the threat of excessive use. In addition to promoting and advocating aboriginal tourism of the Tao people on Orchid Island, the Taiwanese government should help the Tao people to develop a management model that combines traditional regulations and tourism activities.

  17. How attractive can Cultural Landscapes be for Generation Y?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivett Sziva

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The economic significance of Generation Y has been improving. The members of this segment are the so called Internet aboriginals, those who have high needs regarding technological solutions in their ordinary life and on their trips as well. Further on, they have greater focus on their special interests, the authenticity and the so called edutainment activities during their travels. Creating the best experiences fitting their needs is rather challenging. According to the propositions, cultural sites and landscapes must change their traditional perspectives regarding raising awareness and interpretation so as to catch the Generation Y and open up for technology, mobile applications, location-based services, interactive solutions and exciting interpretation. The main aim of the paper is to give a valid picture of the special needs of Generation Y to support the better understanding of their lifestyle and travel needs. Further on, the newest technological solutions are described in the area of online sales and communication, and interpretation tools could be useful for cultural landscapes. Finally, based on the results of a quantitative survey, recommendations are given for the two Hungarian cultural landscape, Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape and Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape so as to improve their attractiveness for Generation Y, by developing their online and mobile presence and interpretation through the newest technological solutions.

  18. 基于旅游产品视角的文化旅游探析%Cultural Tourism Analysis from the Perspective of Tourism Product

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王富德; 廖珂

    2012-01-01

    Culture is the soul of tourism, whereas tourism is the carder of culture. With a steady development of the modem tourism industry in the past 30 years in China, the concept of cultural tourism has emerged. In order to promote the integration of culture and tourism and the development of cultural tourism, cultural tourism products are developed throughout the country. Cultural tourism product is not a new thing. Instead, it is an important method to improve the quality of the tourism product system. Cultural tourism has the distinctive attributes of tourism product. However, Cultural Tourism itself has its own particular characteristics, namely, through highlighting cultural symbols to meet the need of tourist culture, so as to achieve the improvement of tourism product. This involves macro concepts and micro level of cultural tourism product type. Cultural tourism product analysis could be undertaken in the following respects: highlighting cultural symbols in cultural tourism development, meeting the tourists ' cultural demands, understanding and identifying with different cultures, and enhancing the quality of tourism product. On the macro level, the research should be focused on the leading role of cultural tourism in tourism products. On the micro level, efforts should be made to analyze cultural tourism categories, components, and products connotations.%文化是灵魂,旅游是载体,中国现代旅游业50多年的稳步发展催生了文化旅游概念的提出。为了进一步推动文化与旅游的深度结合,促进文化旅游发展,全国各地在努力打追文化旅游系列产品。毋庸讳言,所谓文化旅游产品并非是“另立山头”的新产品,而是旅游产品体系品质提升的重大举措,文化旅游具有鲜明的旅游产品属性。但是,“文化旅游”的提出,又决定了其产品属性的个性,即通过文化符号的彰显满足大众旅游需求,进而实现旅游产品品质的提升,这

  19. Case study: Social and cultural impacts of tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Kennell, James

    2014-01-01

    Tourism can be a challenging subject for students because it is both dynamic and susceptible to economic turbulence and shifts in trends. Tourism: A Modern Synthesis is an essential textbook for tourism students looking for a clear and comprehensive introduction to their studies which helps overcome these challenges. The authors apply a strong business approach to the subject reflecting developments in the teaching and content of modern courses and the text covers both key principles and cont...

  20. Enacting Performed Culture Approach in Yunnan College of Tourism and Vocation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安小可

    2013-01-01

    The paper focuses on performed culture approach adopted in Cross-Culture Communication course in Yunnan Col-lege of Tourism and Vocation. The author detailed how to implement some of these strategies in her English class. It attempts to show that performed culture approach holds an important place in Cross-Culture Communication course.

  1. AN ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE CULTURAL HERITAGE, TRAVEL n TOURISM, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dugulan Diana

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The cultural heritage, including, according to the UNESCO definition, the assembly of monuments, groups of buildings, and sites which are of outstanding universal value from the historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological point of view, represents an important asset that can be engaged and capitalized in order to support the sustainable development. Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs in order to provide a better quality of life for everyone, now and for generations to come, has become a concern and, in the same time, a priority for all the stakeholders of the society. Turning to the best account of the cultural heritage also represents an important driver for the sustainable development of the travel and tourism industry, as the cultural sites, institutions, goods and services, appropriately capitalized, represent significant attractions for the international and domestic tourists. The integration of the principles of sustainable development in the current functioning of the travel and tourism industry led to the development and implementation of the concept of sustainable tourism. The paper explores in a distinctive manner the relationships between the cultural heritage and the travel and tourism industry, respectively the cultural heritage and the sustainable development based on a set of related statistical indicators, and the specific secondary data, expressing the extent of the cultural heritage, the development of the travel and tourism industry, and the attained level of sustainable development in ten Central and Eastern European countries, members of the European Union. There are two major research questions the paper aims to answer: (1 How significant is the relationship between the cultural heritage and the development of the travel and tourism industry? (2 Is there a noteworthy connection between the cultural heritage and the sustainable

  2. Tourism and Cultural Heritage: Higher Education and Entrepreneurship Development in Transition Phase. The Tunisian Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faysal Mansouri

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This is to lay down an approach to develop tourism and cultural heritage through higher education and entrepreneurship development for economies in transition: The case of Tunisia. There is a need to provide incentives to people to have favorable preferences toward a tourism based in part on cultural heritage in a phase where everything is being under construction institutions, legislations, and relationships alike. Cultural heritage and tourism development may be enhanced by a diversification strategy to enrich the image of local touristic destinations (diversification of site visits, purchases of new products, new circuits, and discovery of monumental heritage, museum, park and gardens, natural sites. Moreover, it is of great importance to invest in youth entrepreneurship development to orient toward business creation and development in the domain of tourism and cultural heritage.

  3. Culinary Travel as New Approach for Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás López-Guzmán

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastronomy is emerging as one of the key elements for the development and promotion of tourist destinations, also having a positive influence both on increasing overnight stays as in the enhancement of primary sector of a certain geographic area. The methodology used to carry out this research study was based on the realization of a fieldwork with the objective of getting to know the tourist profile visiting the city of Cáceres, Spain and its feedback and motivations regarding gastronomy. The results of this research show the important relationship between culture and gastronomy and point out how cultural destinations can enhance visitor satisfaction through the promotion of its cuisine. The findings of this research point to the importance of gastronomy in the satisfaction of tourists visiting the city of Cáceres. Thus an enhancement of the same would, consequently, determine higher tourist satisfaction. This paper can contribute to the analysis of gastronomic tourism in Europe, contributing as a key element, in addition to the high level of response from tourists, the fact that surveys have been conducted at the restaurants themselves when the traveler was having lunch or dinner.

  4. Patrimonio cultural y turismo en el México posrevolucionario/Cultural heritage and tourism in post-revolutionary Mexico

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Eugenio Mercado López

    2016-01-01

      This article discusses the beginning of the relationship between cultural heritage and tourism in the plans and programs of government in Mexico during the first decades of the twentieth century...

  5. TOURISM IMPACTS ON LOCAL LIFE: SOCIO-CULTURAL CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN CRETE

    OpenAIRE

    Terkenli, Theano; BELLAS, Marcia L.; JENKINS, Laura Dudley

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this article is to address the ongoing need to assess the impact of tourism on local societies, in the context of contemporary tourism studies and social sciences. It seeks to contribute to an understanding of local perceptions of socio-spatial transformation through processes of a “new cultural economy of space”—in cases where tourism constitutes the major agent of change. The case study in Crete explores the imprint of this new cultural economy of space on local societies, ...

  6. Sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Schwartzhoffová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Sport tourism is one specific type of travel and tourism. The goal of this article is to introduce the definition and importance of sport tourism to academic and sports professionals. At present, sport tourism is a diverse social, economic and cultural phenomenon arising from the unique interaction of activity, people and place. The second part of this article reports about sports events as an important part of sport tourism.

  7. To Discuss the Tourism Culture%旅游文化论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周义龙

    2011-01-01

    旅游是文化的载体,文化是旅游的灵魂。旅游与文化水乳交融,相依相存,密不可分。本文在对旅游文化的概念进行概括和分析的基础上,进一步分析旅游文化的交融性、综合性、冲突性、多样性、沿袭性、服务性、享乐性、变异性等特征以及旅游文化的重要意义——旅游业的灵魂和支柱、旅游资源开发的重要内容、旅游业可持续发展的源泉、旅游业发展新的经济增长点、弘扬和保护传统文化的重要渠道、增进世界相互了解与和平共处的重要工具等。%Tourism is the carrier of culture, and culture is the soul of tourism. Tourism and culture are in complete harmony and inseparable. This paper was on the basis of outlines and analysis the concept of the tourism culture, further analysis that the tourism culture has the combination, comprehensive and conflict, diversity, follow sex, service, hedonic, changeable features and the tourism culture is that the soul of the tourism industry and the pillar, the tourist resources development the important content, the sustainable development of tourism industry, the new economic growth point, an important channel of develop and the protection of traditional culture, the important tool of making the world understand and peaceful coexistence.

  8. Enhancing Sustainable Food Cultures by Experience Based Learning in Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    The paper describes the results and niche forming methodology used in the commercial and in the R&D parts along the product-service chain of regional tourism. Obstacles and window of opportunities for further sustaining the tourism trade by enhancing the experience part of the business....

  9. Enhancing Sustainable Food Cultures by Experience Based Learning in Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    The paper describes the results and niche forming methodology used in the commercial and in the R&D parts along the product-service chain of regional tourism. Obstacles and window of opportunities for further sustaining the tourism trade by enhancing the experience part of the business....

  10. Creating kampong as tourist attractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, N.; Utama, R.; Hidayat, A. R. T.; Zamrony, A. B.

    2017-06-01

    Tourism attractions become one of the main components and they drive the tourism activity in a region. The quality of tourism attractions would affect tourists’ visits. Tourism power can basically be built on any conditions which can attract people to visit. Towns is full of activities which include their economic, social, cultural and physical features, if they are presented properly, they can be a tourist attraction. Kampung City, as a form of urban settlement, has the potential to be developed as a tourism attraction. Kampung is not only a physical area of housing but it has also productive activities. Even the city’s economic activities are also influenced by the productive activities of its Kampung. The shape of Kampung which varies in physical, social, economic and cultural raises special characteristics of each Kampung. When it is linked with the city’s tourism activities, these special characteristics of course could be one of the attractions to attract tourists. This paper studies about one of Kampung in the Malang City. Administratively located in the Penanggungan Village Lowokwaru District, but the potential will just be focused on RW 4. Main productive activities of this village are pottery. In contrast to ceramics, pottery is made from clay and its uniqueness in color and shape. Based on the history of pottery in the Malang, it is concentrated in Penanggungan Village. But along with its development, pottery is decreasingly in demand and number of craftsmen is dwindling. Based on these circumstances, a concept is prepared to raise the image of the region as the Kampung of pottery and to repack it as a tourism attraction of the city.

  11. The role of travel intermediaries in the development of sustainable mountain tourism. The case of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onur Icoz

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to investigate the current situation of mountain tourism and its sustainability in Turkey as a new and ascending tourism product. In addition, tourism policies of Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism in the mountain tourism area are scrutinized. Not only the tourism policies of the government are enough to promote a new alternative tourism type, but also the role and effects of tourism middlemen such as travel agencies, tour operators, and tour wholesalers cannot be denied in the promotion of a destination. Mountain tourism can be accepted and classified as one of these mentioned alternative and newly developed types of tourism in many destinations. Therefore, mountain tourism could be one of the best alternative tourism opportunities for many destinations if they have sufficient resources, namely naturally attractive mountains and related infra and/or superstructure.

  12. Energy, tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Frantál, B.

    2015-01-01

    The chapter provides a general definition of energy and resume the role and environmental impacts of tourism as one of the largest global industries and energy consumers.Then the energy tourism nexus is conceptualized from three perspectives: The first is energy as a driver of tourism. The second is energy as a constraint of tourism. The third is energy as an attraction and object of tourists´interests.

  13. Residents’ Attitudes towards Sustainable Tourism Development in a Historical-Cultural Village: Influence of Perceived Impacts, Sense of Place and Tourism Development Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    He Zhu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to assess the residents’ support for sustainable tourism development in a destination that is in the initial tourism development stage. Residents’ perception of sustainable tourism development potential, sense of place, perceived tourism impacts, and tourism development support were involved in this study. A total of 331 completed questionnaire surveys were collected in Luozhou, a historical-cultural village in China. The empirical data were analyzed using a structural equation modeling (SEM technique, and the results revealed that perceived collective benefits had a significant positive effect on tourism development support, whereas the other three perceived impacts’ influence were not significant. The relationship between residents’ sense of place and perceived collective and personal benefits, perceived personal costs and tourism development support, were significant. Additionally, residents’ perceptions of tourism development potential had a significant influence on perceived impact and tourism development support except for perceived personal benefits. Some practical implications of those findings for tourism planning and development are also discussed.

  14. Contexts in tourism and leisure studies : a cross-cultural contribution to the production of knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Platenkamp, V.

    2007-01-01

    In this PhD an attempt has been made to deliver a cross-cultural contribution to the production of knowledge in tourism and leisure studies. The necessity of this attempt originates in: thegrowing cultural complexity in a globalising world. From a cross-cultural

  15. Contexts in tourism and leisure studies : a cross-cultural contribution to the production of knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Platenkamp, V.

    2007-01-01

    In this PhD an attempt has been made to deliver a cross-cultural contribution to the production of knowledge in tourism and leisure studies. The necessity of this attempt originates in: thegrowing cultural complexity in a globalising world. From a cross-cultural perspe

  16. Tourism of Khmelnytskyi region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Інна Шоробура

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The peculiarities of tourism in Khmelnytskyi region, its priority areas, types, including cultural-educational, environmental, sportrecreative and others have been revealed in the article. The basic tasks of tourism development in the region, aimed at the formation and protection of the tourism-recreational sector, market of competitive services, attraction of maximum number of tourists to the region, etc. have been cleared out. The attention is focused on the main tourist potential of Khmelnytskyi region, including National Nature Park «Podilski Tovtry», National historical-cultural nature reserve «Kamianets», «Samchyky», Medzhybizh regional historical-ethnographic museum-fortress, sanatorium-resort facilities based on mineral waters and others. The attention is paid to the increase in income from tourism. Traditional hospitality of the population of the region, especially in rural areas, provides the possibility to combine tourists’ accommodation with the study of rural customs and traditions directly in the villages. Tourism in Khmelnytskyi region will be attractive to all tourists who want to eat healthy food, to stay outdoors and enjoy the beauty of the region. Also the article tells us about the development of other directions and familiarizes tourists with other enticements of Khmelnytskyi region using the positive brand of Kamianets-Podilskyi. All three potential areas of tourism development (historical tourism in Kamianets-Podilskyi, recreational tourism on rivers, lakes and in the forests, as well as rural tourism can be combined within the global promotion of nature and traditions of the region. It is indicated that Khmelnytskyi is a promising tourist region of Ukraine. The main problems of the region are inadequate tourism infrastructure, accommodation facilities, food and roads. The experience of the tourism cluster «Oberih» (Protective Charm proves the perspectives of agritourism. Developing these two areas together, we

  17. Communication and Cultural Memory in Contemporary Tourism Media Products: Culture-specific and Cross-cultural Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Salamurović

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Communication practices which are a part of the contemporary media-culture are intrinsically tied to the processes of (recreating collective identities. One of the possible strategies in the frame of the mediated communication practice is to connect traditional ele-ments of cultural memory with new ones, which are declared as preferable and acceptable. In that way the collective identity remains, on the one hand, “homoge-neous”, offering stability to the members of communica-tion community, on the other hand, it is subject to change and dynamics, always “ready” to be reshaped in order to achieve wider acceptance. The tourism media products, especially tourism promotion videos, are the best examples for this mediated communication prac-tice. The visual images, combined with text messages, i.e. slogans, are not only some of the most important narrative mechanisms in the presentation of certain tourist destination, they are also the key elements of the mediated collective cultural memory and identity of the respective country presented in the tourism promotion videos. The main goal of this article is to examine the represen-tation and composition forms of some of the tourism promotion videos both from the Balkan countries as well as from other regions worldwide related especially to the elements of the cultural memory in order to de-fine culture-specific and cross-cultural strategies rele-vant to the creation of the collective identity. The analy-sis is based on the Critical Discourse Analysis, respec-tively the analytical framework of the “Grammar of Vis-ual Design” by Kress/van Leeuwen.

  18. COOPERATION BETWEEN ACTORS FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: THE APRECIATION OF HERITAGE AND CULTURAL RESOURCES IN RURAL TERRITORIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Amaral

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Framed by the theoretical context concerning cooperation between tourism agents, the present paper aims to contribute for better understanding South Alentejo tourism agents’ perceptions on the areas in which they can cooperate for promoting development and competitiveness in the region. Furthermore, the paper also looks at the tourist agents’ perception on role that the dynamics of cultural resources play in promotion of development and competitiveness in the region. This paper reports results from a case study conducted in the frame of the thesis developed as requirement to get the PhD in Tourism. Data was gathered by a questionnaire developed for the study from a sample of tourism agents working in the public, private business and associative (non lucrative sectors. The study results has indicated that valuation of the existing culture, integrated development of tourism resources and products and organization of promotional activities are the areas considered more relevant for the tourism agents to cooperate among them. In particular, leaders of different sectors agree with the need to cooperate focusing on the valorisation of local and regional cultural resources. This is important because the South Alentejo region has excellent cultural resources that, if strategically used, can provide a major differentiating factor.

  19. Analysis of Attraction Features of Tourism Destinations in a Mega-City Based on Check-in Data Mining—A Case Study of Shenzhen, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhihui Gu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Location-based service information, provided by social networks, provides new data sources and perspectives to research tourism activities, especially in highly populated mega-cities. Based on three years (2012–2014 of approximately 340,000 check-in records collected from Sina micro-blog at 86 tourist attractions in Shenzhen, a first-tier city in southern China, we conducted a comprehensive study of the attraction features involving different aspects, such as tourist source, duration of stay, check-in activity index, and attraction correlation degree. The results showed that (1 theme parks established in the early 1990s were the most popular tourist attractions in Shenzhen, but a negative trend was detected in the check-in population; (2 compared with check-in times from surrounding activities and the kernel density of tourists, most destinations in Shenzhen showed a lack of attraction, failing to make the most of their geographic accessibility; and (3 the homogeneity and inconvenient traffic conditions of major tourist destinations leading to the construction of a tourism tour chain has become a challenge. The results of this study demonstrate the potential of big-data mining and provide valuable insights into tourism market design and management in mega-cities.

  20. Promoting Cultural Tourism Industry in Africa: The Place of African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mrs Afam

    Tourism infrastructures – transportation system, hospitality industry and .... achievement oriented people and a man's position among his kith and kin is validated ..... did not manage to conceal my feelings from my mother, and after serving the.

  1. Analysis of the cultural tourism trends and perspectives in Romania

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gabriela TIGU; Silvia Elena CRISTACHE; Elena Cristina MAHIKA; Lavinia TOTAN

    2014-01-01

    Tourism brings a number of benefits, including the enhancement of economic opportunities by creating more jobs for local residents or the increase in income by stimulating and creating local and regional markets...

  2. Tourisme.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saskia Cousin

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Qu’est ce que le tourisme ? Quel est le lien entre les Bidochon en voyage organisé (Binet, [1984] 2007, Stendhal séduit par les beautés de Florence, et l’homme en costume confortablement installé en classe affaires qu’affichent les publicités des compagnies aériennes ? Tous sont des touristes : le distingué Henri Beyle (mieux connu sous le nom de Stendhal invente le terme en français en écrivant ses Mémoires d’un touriste (1838 ; le couple de « français ...

  3. Marketing of sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. Teletov

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to clarify the concept of «sport tourism marketing», to examine the state of its objects and to determine prospects for development of sport tourism in Ukraine. The paper singles out the role of sport in life; compares different types of cities in terms of provision the infrastructure for tourism development in the field of sports. Authors show the example of the campaign. The results of the analysis. The article deals with sport tourism as a form of total tourism conducted extensive research of sports tourism values compared between typical sports facilities and infrastructure of cities millionaires, large, medium and small Ukrainian cities. The research is based on Sumy. It is shown that it may be attractive for sports, historical and cultural enrichment of professional athletes, children and adolescents, a large group of fans that come to competition. Marketing approaches to the decision of sport tourism problems today represent the ocial, cultural, public and political phenomenon simultaneously and is by phenomenon object of special researches. This increase: shows of sports, attraction to it of children, quantity of the people life, conducting a healthy image, increase of a network sport structures, hotels and other tourist objects. Work is complete scientific and practical work, implemented commission on education, science, culture, tourism, sport and youth policy Sumy Regional Council and is recommended to be involved to realizing for local councils, administrations and City Hall for recovery work in the field of tourism development. The theoretical and methodological developments generalizations made in this scientific work, have a scientific value and practical value and can be recommended for implementation in other regions of Ukraine. Conclusions and prospects for further researches. One of the few areas that still have powerful sports, tourism and how their derivatives – marketing

  4. Literary Routes: Contributions to Natural/Cultural Heritage Tourism. How landscape transforms literature and tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalinda Ruiz Scarfuto

    2013-12-01

    ;  Don Quijote of La Mancha (1603 was first made tangible as a literary route in 1780 with a detailed topographical surveyor map inspiring visitors like Washington Irving (1829, Alexander Dumas (1861, and Hans Christian Andersen (1880 to the Spanish plains. This eventually galvanized into an innovative move to pass the Don Quijote Route Law (2007, complete with GPS coordinates. In Japan, Basho’s literary route (1700 with its natural elements changed the style of Japanese Haiku, encouraging writers around the world to follow in his footsteps, and Humboldt’s account of his Andes’ route in South America inspired Lewis & Clark, Darwin, and Muir to follow a similar path that spurred events, websites, and even a NASA astrobiology project to conserve and access the accumulated heritage of these literary routes.  Economic investments in literary routes in natural settings have been initiated by worldwide government ministries of culture, recreation/tourism, environment, economy, and/or education, demonstrating commitments to the conservation of landscapes which have inspired literature. Hence, literary routes can highly contribute to cultural itineraries in natural settings.

  5. Guizhou Cultural and Natural Heritage Protection and Development Project : Cultural Heritage Tourism Strategic Overview

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2006-01-01

    In June 2006, the Guizhou Tourism Administration's Guizhou Provincial Rural Tourism Development Plan was approved by the National Tourism Administration of The People's Republic of China (CNTA). This plan provides official strategic guidance for the development of the rural tourism sector and identifies around 160 villages for development. The proposals for Bank finance are primarily locat...

  6. INTEGRATING TOURISM AND POSITIONING CULTURE AS A DETERMINANT IN DEFINING THE FUTURE TRAVEL OFFERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu Lucian Blaga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The end of the twentieth century marked the transition period, maybe irreversible, of the global economic system from internationalization to globalization, which according to recent definitions seems to be the integration of civilizations and cultures of the planet. This paper presents from the cultural perspective, the process of integration of the tourism sector, by integrating the individual – visitors and the corporations and the public authorities, that represent tourism as an economic activity, helpful for the development of communities, tourist destination's local actors like businesses, NGOs, governmental and intergovernmental world tourism organizations. The effects of integration are different from international tourism transformation "mass consumption", the establishment of standardized local, regional or global travel packages, to boost tourism consumption. Arriving at this point we can say that the culture as a part of the external /internal environment of an organization is vital. For this reason, defining the European travel offer, we have to analyze and manage the future more closely the relationships between: the culture - corporate culture - the organization oriented to global market.

  7. 506 Tradition and Art Appreciation: A Boost to Cultural Tourism in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2010-10-17

    Oct 17, 2010 ... paper examines the implications of non-challant attitudes of Nigerians ... accelerate rural urban development, generate employment and promote local cultural ... Keywords: Tradition, Art, Tourism, Antiquities, Appreciation, Culture ... from a wide social background with varied tastes, desires and aspirations.

  8. The Impact of Tourism on the Socio-Cultural Environment in the Gorce National Park and its Vicinity

    OpenAIRE

    Luberda, Małgorzata

    2014-01-01

    The paper presents the problems of tourism in terms of its relationship with the social as well as cultural environment. The purpose of the article was to examine how tourism affects the socio-cultural environment in the Gorce National Park and its vicinity. I examined whether tourist traffic in the Park brings about more benefits or problems, and whether changes taking place in communities visited by tourists are positive or negative? The impact of tourism on the socio-cult...

  9. Dark Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Bali-Hudáková, Lenka

    2008-01-01

    This thesis is focused on the variability of the demand and the development of new trends in the fields of the tourism industry. Special attention is devoted to a new arising trend of the Dark Tourism. This trend has appeared in the end of the 20th century and it has gained the attraction of media, tourists, tourism specialists and other stakeholders. First part of the thesis is concerned with the variety of the tourism industry and the ethic question of the tourism development. The other par...

  10. Dark Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Bali-Hudáková, Lenka

    2008-01-01

    This thesis is focused on the variability of the demand and the development of new trends in the fields of the tourism industry. Special attention is devoted to a new arising trend of the Dark Tourism. This trend has appeared in the end of the 20th century and it has gained the attraction of media, tourists, tourism specialists and other stakeholders. First part of the thesis is concerned with the variety of the tourism industry and the ethic question of the tourism development. The other par...

  11. The relationships among business strategies, organisational performance and organisational culture in the tourism industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mong-Mei Lin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available As societies develop, the tourism industry has become one of the most powerful and largest industries in the global economy. The industrial status and economic function of the tourism industry have increased in the economic development of cities. The tourism industry has helped to drive the city economy, create employment, and facilitate culture and the environment The tourism industry, as one of the supporting industries for economic development in China, presents diverse services that are not only competitive within the industry, but could also increase national consumption. In addition to the professional service items and quality, the adjustment of business strategies aimed at the changeable environment are considered as key success factors in the tourism industry. This study analyzes the effect of business strategies on organisational performance in the tourism industry. Owners, managers, and employees from the top ten travel agencies in Taiwan were selected as the research subjects and a total of 600 questionnaires were distributed. Within the retrieved 438 surveys, 43 were incomplete and removed to yield a total of 395 valid questionnaires. Within the empirical analyses business strategies appear to have significant positive correlations with job satisfaction, organisational objective and job performance in organisational performance. Moreover, organisational culture presents a partially moderating effect for the relations between business strategies and organisational performance.

  12. CITY MARKETING AND ITS IMPACT OVER URBAN TOURISM – SIBIU EUROPEAN CAPITAL OF CULTURE 2007 - A SUCCESS STORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELENA LIDIA ALEXA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the past years tourism has become the fastest-growing economic sector, both in terms of turnover and the opportunity to create jobs. In this context, it begun to be one of the activities with an important potential and, in the same time, a challenge for the development of urban centers which find themselves forced to redefine their identity, due to the decrease of other types of industries under the impact of the global economic crisis and the economic reset. After analyzing the main indicators of the touristic activity in the urban area, it is noticeable that cities have an important percentage in the overall touristic circulation. The future development of this form of tourism is, however, conditioned by the assimilation in the urban management process of marketing strategies meant to allow the development of touristic functions in the main urban localities and of touristic programs designed to bring added value to the cultural attractions for large and small cities alike. Urban marketing comes, in this case, as a natural response to the requirements of the city to better answer the market’s needs and to adjust to the dynamics of the tourist market. The present article aims to analyze the different urban marketing strategies used by urban centers interested in attracting important tourist flows and their impact over their future development, based on the Sibiu case after implementing the “Sibiu - European Capital of Culture” Programme in 2007.

  13. 民俗旅游景点的文化消费心理探讨%The Study on Cultural Consumer Psychology of Ethnic Tourist Attractions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军; 黄盈; 邓秀惠; 冯倩倩

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,intangible cultural heritage has received increasing attention in China. Along with tourist customers’ curiosity,consumer psychology of ethnic tourist attractions become the hot topic in tourism industry. The progress of tourist cultural soft power,the economic benefits and sustainable development of tourism industry are deeply influenced by this kind of consumer psychology. From the perspective of ethnic tourist culture,this article examines the relationship between consumer psychology and tourism industry. Furthermore,it explores the cultural consumer psychology of ethnic tourism so as to provide inspiration for the management and development of tourism industry.%近些年,由于我国对非物质文化遗产的日渐重视,伴随旅游消费者的求新猎奇心理,民俗旅游景点的文化消费心理成为了当下旅游界关注的热点。这种文化消费心理,影响着旅游文化软实力的发展、旅游产业的经济效益与可持续发展。本文从民俗旅游文化视角出发,洞悉消费心理与旅游产业的联系,进而探究民俗旅游文化消费心理,以期对旅游产业的经营与开发提供可资借鉴的启示。

  14. Real Tourism; Practice, Care, and Politics in Contemporary Travel Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minca, C.; Oakes, T.

    2011-01-01

    Over the past decade, tourism studies has broken out of its traditional institutional affiliation with business and management programs to take its legitimate place as an interdisciplinary social science field of cutting edge scholarship. The field has emerged as central to ongoing debates in social

  15. Real Tourism; Practice, Care, and Politics in Contemporary Travel Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minca, C.; Oakes, T.

    2011-01-01

    Over the past decade, tourism studies has broken out of its traditional institutional affiliation with business and management programs to take its legitimate place as an interdisciplinary social science field of cutting edge scholarship. The field has emerged as central to ongoing debates in social

  16. Communist heritage tourism and red tourism: concepts, development and problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COSMIN CIPRIAN CARABA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The second part of the 20th century has been marked by the competition between capitalism and communism. The “Autumn of Nations” put an end to the Eastern Bloc, but each former communist country in Central and Eastern Europe still possesses heritage sites reminding of the communist period. These heritage sites are turning into major tourist attractions, being sought by western tourists. Halfway around the world the Chinese Communist Party is trying to develop Red Tourism, a specific type of cultural tourism, based on heritage sites of the Chinese communist revolution. While the two tourism types use communist heritage as primary resource there are several differences between them. The study compares European communist heritage tourism with Chinese “Red Tourism”, analyzing their emergence, development and the problems they face, especially regarding heritage interpretation. This paper will try to provide a theoretical base for studying communist heritage tourism in former communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  17. RURAL TOURISM IN DOBRUDGEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena, SIMA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The natural and anthropic tourism resources of a certain area generate specific tourism forms, which complete each other within the different destination categories.The rural area in Dobrudja has diversified tourism potential, provided by the contrast of natural environment factors, ranging from the oldest and to the youngest relief units, natural protected areas, spa resources and cultural, historical, religious sites, as well as multicultural local customs and traditions of the rural area. This potential can be used under various kinds in the rural area: cultural tourism, historical tourism, religious tourism, ecotourism, fishing tourism or bird-watching tourism, and other kinds of rural tourism. By linking these tourism resources and tourism forms, tourism routes can result, which together with the local customs, traditions and cuisine may contribute to the social and economic development of Dobrudja's rural area, through sustainable tourism as alternative to seasonal seashore tourism.

  18. THE IMPACT OF CULTURAL EVENTS ON TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: SIBIU - THE EUROPEAN CULTURAL CAPITAL

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    GREG RICHARDS; ILIE ROTARIU

    2013-01-01

    ...) and the effects of the event on local tourism. The impact of theevent can be gauged through the growth of tourism stimulated by infrastructure improvements and productdevelopment, not only in terms of increasing tourist numbers but also...

  19. Sports Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gozalova Marina

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This article is devoted to sports tourism. The purpose of this article is to examine theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. Material and methods. In this part the authors develop the idea of the role of doing sports and keeping fit. For anyone who really wants to be healthy, fitness has become an integral part of their lives. Results. The purpose of this research is to study theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. On the basis of their research the authors come to the conclusion that sports and tourism are interconnected. There are important factors affecting the situation of sports tourism in Russia. The paper examines sports tourism attractions in Russia. Conclusion. The authors conclude that there exists a high correlation dependence of foreign and domestic development of sports tourism on resources allocated for sports infrastructure. All in all, sports tourism tours draw visitors to their favorite sporting event, facility, or destination throughout the world.

  20. Cultural tourism as a complementary offer in coastal destinations. The case of the Costa Brava (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Gemma Cánoves

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Costa Brava is a consolitaded coastal tourist destination, based on sun and sand tourism. In order to mitigate its decline, according to the traditional life–cycle of tourism products (Butler, 1980 and theories of productive restructuring (Agarwal, 2002, 2005, considering the impact of emerging market trends in such well–established tourism destinations, the Costa Brava has evolved to offer multiple recreational activities in order to renew the destination with emerging new products (Vera and Bath, 2010. One such activity is cultural tourism, with significant potential even with smaller capacity, in order to generate many sectorial and territorial changes. However, the diversification of the tourists demand new products and focuses on the search of sensations, the sense of the tourist event, the perception of the authenticity of the product and the conservation of the site (Dann, 1994; Urry, 1994. All these new elements are the cultural resources available to the tourism sector, that have increased in recent decades in advanced societies (Richards, 1996.

  1. Cultural Tourism Grafting, Design and Responsibility:with Special Reference to the Tourism-promoting Project“Slow Life of Taizhou Watertown”%论旅游中的文化嫁接、设计及其责任--以“泰州水城慢生活”旅游项目推进为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张树俊

    2014-01-01

    旅游景观吸引力和旅游产业的发展与文化含量密切相关,增强旅游的文化含量是提升旅游层次的必然要求。泰州水城慢生活旅游的发展与层级的提升所依靠的正是文化的力量。以文化提升旅游层级,要搞好文化资源与旅游项目的嫁接,精心进行活动项目的情境设计、情感激发和节奏控制;要进行旅游深度与景区魅力角色体验设计、文化渗透设计、对应互补设计,努力提高景观吸引力,满足游客多元化需求;要提升旅游品质,增强社会责任,充分发挥旅游文化的“化人”功能,促进旅游事业的持续发展。%Cultural-bounded character plays an important role in promoting the attraction of tourism spots and developing tourism industry, and the enrichment of culture in tourism is a must in enhancing tourism. Slow Life of Taizhou Watertown is a case in point. To promote tourism level, the cultural resources and tourism projects must be grafted, and the tourism scenario designed with care, emotion triggered and the tourism rhythm controlled. Tourism deep involvement, role experience designing, cultural penetration deigning, corresponding complementary design shall be carried out to improve the landscape attraction and meet the diverse demands of tourists. To develop tourism steadily, the quality of tourism must be improved, the social responsibility strengthened and the function of sour-transformation given full play to.

  2. A Territorial cohesion through cultural tourism: the case of the Umayyad Route

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel María Torres Martínez

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Cultural tourism has the potential to create multiple positive impacts from the socio-cultural point of view; if properly managed. The strengthening of cultural identity and the rescue of tangible and intangible cultural heritage are some examples. A study by the European Commission and the Council of Europe highlighted the potential of cultural routes for the generation of small businesses, intercultural dialogue and the promotion of the image of Europe in general. In the last decade, numerous projects and, in particular, European funds have been devoted to the creation of themed-tourism products and cultural routes. This is the case of the Umayyad Route, which has been rescued through a project funded by the European Union with the aim of improving Mediterranean territorial cohesion through the creation of the transnational cultural tourism itinerary. It is led by the Public Andalusian Foundation El legado andalusí and it has a network of partners in seven countries in the Mediterranean basin: Spain, Portugal, Italy, Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan. Through interviews with the coordinating entity and the managers of the national routes, this article analyses how the Umayyad Route is contributing to the enhancement of the rich legacy of the Umayyad dynasty in its expansion along the Mediterranean and to being a bridge of collaboration between the East and the West. It also describes the problems and challenges to overcome for the promotion of shared heritage and for the understanding between cultures and territories. 

  3. Cultural and touristical wells: questions about the relation between the block Maria Rosa and tourism in the carnival of Itabuna, Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Muniz Ferreira Nogueira

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This work intends to relate aspects of theoretical fields of Culture, Communication and Tourism, trying to verify the representation in terms of tourist attractiveness, as well as of its communicative processes with the spectator/tourist, of traditional cultural elements – as the example of the Maria Rosa carnival block, one of the oldest components of the popular culture of grapiúna society. It is assumed, in this text, that the new trends of the carnival modify the semantic values of the cultural expressions and its uses, these yielding place to aesthetic and mass representations, being the tourism a factor that comes to influence in this dynamics of recreation of meanings. However, about the cultural aspect, considered here as an instrument of sustentation of the party, the tradition seems to resist the current model of the cultural industry, being capable to define itself as an important way of extending the carnival attractions, dialoguing with the economic and politic interests, and preserving the collective memory under shield of the carnival’s scene.

  4. Media, Tourism, Environment, and Cultural Issues in Australia: A Case Study of a Study Abroad Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Eric

    2010-01-01

    A multidisciplinary study abroad program developed by a U.S. journalism school and cosponsored by a college of agriculture and natural resources interweaves the themes of mass media, tourism, environment, and cultural issues in Australia. This article traces the development and evolution of the faculty-led program and discusses its curriculum,…

  5. Designing Multi-Channel Web Frameworks for Cultural Tourism Applications: The MUSE Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garzotto, Franca; Salmon, Tullio; Pigozzi, Massimiliano

    A framework for the design of multi-channel (MC) applications in the cultural tourism domain is presented. Several heterogeneous interface devices are supported including location-sensitive mobile units, on-site stationary devices, and personalized CDs that extend the on-site experience beyond the visit time thanks to personal memories gathered…

  6. Media, Tourism, Environment, and Cultural Issues in Australia: A Case Study of a Study Abroad Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Eric

    2010-01-01

    A multidisciplinary study abroad program developed by a U.S. journalism school and cosponsored by a college of agriculture and natural resources interweaves the themes of mass media, tourism, environment, and cultural issues in Australia. This article traces the development and evolution of the faculty-led program and discusses its curriculum,…

  7. Usability, Communicability and Cultural Tourism in Interactive Systems: Trends, Economic Effects and Social Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipolla Ficarra, Francisco V.; Nicol, Emma; Cipolla-Ficarra, Miguel

    We have developed a set of techniques and an analysis methodology aimed at boosting the quality of interactive tourism systems. The details of it will be presented in full and with real examples which have yielded interesting results in the last few years, both from the social and economical point of view, but with a huge wealth of cultural and natural heritage. We will also present a first guidelines to foster tourism in those villages that are willing to promote themselves in the national and international market at a low cost.

  8. Copyright for Interactive Systems: Stratagems for Tourism and Cultural Heritage Promotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipolla-Ficarra, Francisco V.; Cipolla-Ficarra, Miguel; Ficarra, Valeria M.

    We present a series of strategies followed from the interactive design for the realization of a hypermedia system aimed at promoting in an original, simple and universal way the cultural and tourism heritage of a wide rural area in two Italian regions: Emilia Romagna and Lombardy. Besides, the main stratagems followed are disclosed to overcome the existing hurdles when it comes to copyright for the free diffusion of the tourism view of the area, such as can be photography or video, for instance. Finally, we present the first vademecum to be considered before making on-line and off-line interactive systems in Italy.

  9. The Impact of Entrepreneurial Characteristics and Organisational Culture on Innovativeness in Tourism Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Gomezelj Omerzel

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture have an impact on the innovative capability of a company. Therefore, our research tries to examine the influence of different individual entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture dimensions on corporate innovativeness and any direct subsequent company growth. This paper proposes the classification and measurement of five dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation; risk taking, proactiveness, competitive aggressiveness, autonomy and customer orientation and 3 dimensions of organisational culture; power distance, uncertainty/avoidance and individualism/collectivism with the objective of explaining service innovation performance. Specifically, we try to show the differences between the importance of different entrepreneurial characteristic and each organisational culture dimension on a product/service innovation. To this end, a survey was performed on a sample of tourism companies in Slovenia. The data was analysed by employing univariate and multivariate data analyses techniques. Data gathered fromthe survey suggests that entrepreneurial orientation and organisational culture dimensions positively influence innovativeness in tourism companies. Empirical evidence supports the view that a company with more developed entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture will be more innovative. This paper is one of the first to find empirical support for the role of entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture in tourism companies in Slovenia. Despite a number of limitations, it offers a picture of how these dimensions should be developed in order to enhance innovation. It also presents managerial implications, as managers are responsible for the forming of these dimensions.

  10. Tourism Marketing in the Republic of Armenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayane Tovmasyan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available It is crucial to accomplish good marketing performance for tourism development. Tourism sphere and main marketing approaches of Armenia are analyzed in the article and some steps for advancement are suggested. The author concludes that marketing performance is also vital for the state. In this case the country tourism image and brand must be properly advertised in international tourism markets for attracting tourists. It should be done dominantly via Internet. Comprehensive information about Armenian tourism destinations, history, culture, religion, resorts must be propaganded. Armenia should be positioned in international tourism markets as the first Christian country with ancient history and culture, thermal hot springs and fascinating nature welcoming tourists for religious, resort, cultural, eco-, agro- and other purposes. This should be done not only by participating in various tourism exhibitions but also using e-marketing tools widely (advertising (in social networks, promotion and selling via internet, etc.. Surely, a complex and sistematic approach by the above mentioned directions will raise Armenia’s tourism competitiveness abroad and will attract international tourists.

  11. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RELIGIOUS TOURISM IN CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Rot

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Croatia has a rich sacral (tangible and intangible heritage, which undoubtedly has great cultural value, and part of the religious heritage has been included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO. The fact is, however, that, except when it comes to top attractions, churches as tourist facilities, are poorly attended and do not get almost no direct tourism income.. In this paper, after the introductory explanations of basic terms related to religious tourism and pilgrimage, we explore the basic features of religious tourism in Croatia, both on tourist attractions, as well as on the tourist demand. It also presents the results of empirical research on the socio-demographic profile of the author, the role of religion in the life of pilgrims and the satisfaction of the visitors to the Shrine of Mary of Bistrica in 2013 among 50 pilgrims in Marija Bistrica. The main objective is to determine how the pilgrims perceived the tourism offer in religious tourism.

  12. FOREIGNIZATION AND DOMESTICATION STRATEGIES IN CULTURAL TERM TRANSLATION OF TOURISM BROCHURES

    OpenAIRE

    Choirul Fuadi

    2016-01-01

    In translating brochure, a translator has to make a decision on the basis of the message and purpose. The translator is faced by two strategies of translation – foreignization and domestication. The purpose of the study is to examine how the interrelationship between cultural term translation and foreignization or domestication strategy in the cultural term translation of tourism brochure from Indonesian into English. This study used qualitative descriptive with discourse analysis strategy. T...

  13. The International, Regional and Local Interaction in the Promotion of Cultural Tourism in Mozambique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Magnani

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the tourist promotion of the cultural and natural heritage in Mozambique, one of Africa’s poorest countries, whose strategy for the reduction of poverty highlights the role of tourism in supporting territorial development and implementing the Millennium/Sustainable Development Goals, the United Nation plan to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. The country has produced a national strategy for the development of tourism that is based on the integration at the national level of international and regional policies implemented through the territorial action of several subjects working at the local level. Among them, regional and international Ngos, that play an important role in promoting actions aimed at capacity-building, advocacy, empowerment. This strategy makes of Mozambique a very interesting example of the rescaling process in tourism development that guides the political agenda of both the international tourist organizations and the national governments.

  14. Cross-cultural agreement in facial attractiveness preferences: the role of ethnicity and gender.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinet Coetzee

    Full Text Available Previous work showed high agreement in facial attractiveness preferences within and across cultures. The aims of the current study were twofold. First, we tested cross-cultural agreement in the attractiveness judgements of White Scottish and Black South African students for own- and other-ethnicity faces. Results showed significant agreement between White Scottish and Black South African observers' attractiveness judgements, providing further evidence of strong cross-cultural agreement in facial attractiveness preferences. Second, we tested whether cross-cultural agreement is influenced by the ethnicity and/or the gender of the target group. White Scottish and Black South African observers showed significantly higher agreement for Scottish than for African faces, presumably because both groups are familiar with White European facial features, but the Scottish group are less familiar with Black African facial features. Further work investigating this discordance in cross-cultural attractiveness preferences for African faces show that Black South African observers rely more heavily on colour cues when judging African female faces for attractiveness, while White Scottish observers rely more heavily on shape cues. Results also show higher cross-cultural agreement for female, compared to male faces, albeit not significantly higher. The findings shed new light on the factors that influence cross-cultural agreement in attractiveness preferences.

  15. FOREIGNIZATION AND DOMESTICATION STRATEGIES IN CULTURAL TERM TRANSLATION OF TOURISM BROCHURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choirul Fuadi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In translating brochure, a translator has to make a decision on the basis of the message and purpose. The translator is faced by two strategies of translation – foreignization and domestication. The purpose of the study is to examine how the interrelationship between cultural term translation and foreignization or domestication strategy in the cultural term translation of tourism brochure from Indonesian into English. This study used qualitative descriptive with discourse analysis strategy. The note-taking technique is used to identify and classify the data. The objects of the study are tourism brochures from Province of Special Region of Yogyakarta and Central Java in 2015. The findings show that the translation strategies used depend on the translation process. When the cultural terms are familiar, translator tends to use domestication strategy and consider the target text. Translator chooses domestication strategy because try to make tourist understand the text and produce communicative and natural translation. On the other hand, when cultural terms are foreign, translator using foreignization strategy and consider source text. Using foreignization strategy, translator tends to introduce traditional cultural term.Keywords: discourse analysis, foreignization, domestication, cultural category, tourism brochure

  16. The Night of Museums – a boost factor for the cultural dimension of tourism in Bucharest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Dumbrăveanu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Several media and research sources have recently have flagged a new process of concern to tourism planners in Bucharest. The Night of Bucharest Museums has initially been a quite isolated, museum focussed and rather individualistic event has progressively developed over the past very few years into a cultural process involving several cultural institutions among which museum are still predominant. Most of the participant members into the event have developed complex and dynamic programmes comprising sections of joint institutional events. A brief comparative analysis of this progressive event development also identifies changes in the extent and dimension with particular regard to the tourism development dimension and particularly to the cultural dimension of it. This paper is mainly attempting to answer the question regarding to what extent the public of such event has become tourist. The paper also aims to focus on more specific aspects and issues concerning the main aim by sketching a brief overview regarding the attitudes and perceptions of people regularly attending an event such the European Night of Museums in Bucharest. The paper attempts to determine the profile of participant to such event trying to identify the trends of this event on the Romanian wider market but particularly on the tourism market given the fact that museum visitor are mostly tourists. The study is making use of data collected during 2013 and 2014 editions of the event. The final aim of the paper is to emphasise issues regarding the wider concept of motivation in visiting museums how they are linked with the cultural dimension of tourism highlighting several difficulties faced by a multitude of institutions and how these are attempting to use tourism to overcome problematic situations.

  17. Relation between creative teaching and sustainable practices in cultural heritage tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rašperić Ružica

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is primarily concerned with alternative teaching methodologies. Creative teaching methodologies place the student at the center of the learning process. This paper is a case study of 'Orion - promotion of the Vučedol culture' project as a self-sustainable cultural product. The primary goal of the project is the promotion of heritage through cultural tourism. The 'Orion' project was launched in cooperation with third year undergraduate students at the Department of Tourism of VERN University of Applied Sciences from Zagreb, as part of the Event Management and Marketing course (March to June 2014. Inspired by the Vučedol archaeological site, historical data and lectures on the Vučedol culture and the oldest Indo-European calendar called 'Orion' the students have developed a plan for a two-day festival that would take place in Vinkovci, Croatia and world include a scientific conference, cultural and artistic program, presentation of local cuisine, creative workshops, and promotion of local crafts. This paper reinforces the need for imaginative thinking in education for tourism. The variety of ways in which creative teaching practices can be used is infinite and this case study presents only a small contribution.

  18. Intergenerational differences in perceptions of heritage tourism among the Maasai of Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalavar, Jyotsna M; Buzinde, Christine N; Melubo, Kokel; Simon, Josephine

    2014-03-01

    Besides wildlife tourism in the African savannah, cultural heritage tourism (sometimes known only as heritage tourism) is a big draw in Tanzania. In order to attract cultural tourism dollars, Maasai communities have established cultural bomas, typically pseudo Maasai villages where they display cultural performances and crafts before tourists. Such cultural contact has resulted in the growing influence of globalization that challenges traditional ways. The economic, social and environmental impact of heritage tourism on intergenerational relationships and community well-being has not been examined among the Maasai people. In this study, focus groups were conducted with different age-groups of Maasai people residing in Esilalei and Oltukai villages. Results suggest that for the Maasai, heritage tourism appears to be a double-edged sword. While tourism results in some trickled down economic benefits for the Maasai community, economic change appears to have created a social distance between generations.

  19. 基于文化生态的客家文化旅游开发研究%Hakka Culture Tourism Development Basing on the Cultural Ecology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞万源; 邱国锋; 曾志军; 肖明曦

    2012-01-01

    客家文化旅游在"客家热"和文化旅游背景下蓬勃发展。应用文化生态理论,从文化生态角度探讨客家文化旅游开发。客家文化具有显著的文化生态特性,并在客家文化旅游中凸显。在客家文化旅游开发的文化生态问题分析基础上,提出文化生态视野下客家文化旅游开发理念:强化客家文化旅游资源的整体概念和环境意识;树立"大景区"意识构建客家文化旅游"大景区";树立文化生态旅游开发理念发展客家文化生态旅游。%Since 1980s,the Hakka cultural tourism has developed quickly on the background of Hakka’development and cultural tourism.Hakka culture has significant cultural ecology characteristics and is important to develop Hakka cultural tourism,so using cultural ecology theory to research Hakka cultural tourism development is very necessary.This article analyzes such cultural ecology problems as culture environmental degradation,cultural distortion and cultural ecological destruction.Meanwhile it points out the Hakka cultural tourism development ideas basing on the cultural ecology:(1) Strengthen the overall concept of Hakka cultural tourism resource and the awareness of the environment;(2) Establish "big spots"consciousness to build the"big spots"of Hakka cultural tourism;(3)Establish cultural ecology idea to develop Hakka cultural ecotourism.

  20. TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Ionela Butnaru

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and sustainable development are the subject of many initiatives and public or private debates in Romania. The main problem to which these initiatives try to find an answer is mostly related to the income generation for the local communities by using rationally and efficiently the local potential, in agreement with the economic, social, natural, and cultural factors. Consequently, some measures should be taken, and the tourist sector as a whole needs all the methods of sustainable development: new technologies, change of social behaviour, change of environmental legislation, methods of environmental management, better planning and development of control procedures. In this article, we presented a model of tourism development which should be applied in all the regions of great tourist attraction, and we realised a synthesis of the socio-economic advantages of sustainable tourism.

  1. 基于人居环境资源视角的城市旅游吸引力要素研究%On Attraction Factors of Urban Tourism from the Perspective of Inhabitant Environment Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张骏; 古风; 卢凤萍

    2011-01-01

    forward that the degrees of harmony between the humans and the nature, people and people, the humans and the society, which are embodied in inhabitant environment optimization. They are positively correlated with the factor of urban tourism attraction. The quality of inhabitant environment resources could be improved by natural environmental treatment, public education, and social development, so as to fully promote urban tourism attractiveness by taking advantage of inhabitant environment resources. Improvement in quantity and quality of natural resources could form a solid foundation for natural environment treatment as a good urban natural environment. Public education policies involve education on service workers of the tourism industry, development of a system of scientific tourism, maintaining a normal and sound political and economic development and stabilization,and optimizing destination social construction of social and cultural environments.%人居环境资源的开发与利用是资源系统观的具体体现.基于人居环境资源视角研究城市旅游吸引力,是保持和发展城市"人居环境"优势,并将其转换为现实旅游竞争力,从而彰显城市特色,促进城市经济发展的重要途径,是扩展资源开发视野,开展相关研究的新角度.优秀的人居环境应坚守以人为本、天人和谐的理念,彰显出对人性的终极关怀和对人与环境和谐共处的心向,人居环境的核心是人,从这一角度出发,城市旅游的开展也应该以人为本,进行整体论上的思考.通过量化研究显示,人与自然的和谐程度、人与人的和谐程度、人与社会的和谐程度不仅是人居环境资源水平的体现,与城市旅游的吸引力也呈显著性正相关,因此可从自然环境治理、民众教育以及目的地社会建设的维度入手,利用人居环境资源优势促进城市旅游吸引力的全面提升.

  2. Dilemmas of Cultural Mediation: A Case Study of Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Ajtony Zsuzsanna

    2015-01-01

    Travelling implies the encounter and, in certain cases, the clash of cultures. By interpreting translation as a means of transfer between languages and cultures, the present study looks into the different views on translating culture-specific realia. Through a close analysis of texts with the purpose of informing foreign tourists it offers ways of how to carry out this mediation. The study calls for further research into closely related issues, such as the translator’s cultural awareness of a...

  3. 旅游产业集群文化营销机制构建研究%On the Construction of Cultural Marketing Mechanism of Tourism Industry Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王萍萍; 齐永钦

    2013-01-01

      文化营销是旅游产业集群发展的利器,文化营销对旅游产业集群发展具有吸引、维持稳定和品牌建设的重要功能。应从文化营销与旅游产业集群交互关系的角度,构建旅游产业集群的文化营销机制。文化内涵的构建是旅游产业集群创新发展的基础,通过文化传递和进一步的文化整合实现文化营销的升华,并进一步实现文化营销对旅游产业集群发展的引领和飞跃。旅游产业集群的文化营销机制是一个紧密相关、层层递进的体系,在旅游文化与旅游产业集群的交互作用中实现旅游产业的创新和可持续发展。%  Cultural marketing is one of effective means for developing tourism industry cluster, which mainly functions as attracting, maintaining and brand-building. This paper suggests possible ways to construct a cultural marketing mechanism from the perspective of interactive relation between cultural marketing and tourism industry clusters. Cultural connotation is the basis of innovative development of tourism industry clusters. Through cultural transmission and further integration, we can realize the perfection of cultural mar-keting, as well as historical breakthroughs in cluster development under the guidance of the cultural promo-tion. The cultural marketing mechanism of tourism industry cluster is a closely-knit and gradational system, which helps achieve innovation and sustainable development of tourism industry in the interaction between its culture and the cluster.

  4. Analysis of the Application of Visual Cultural Elements of Bai Nationality in Tourism Development%视觉性白族文化元素在旅游开发中的创新性应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹星

    2015-01-01

    Visual cultural elements of nationalities are important symbols to manifest characteristics of nationality culture as well as important identification and key attraction in nationality areas' tourism development. Bai culture has rich contents, various forms, strong participation and visual impact. With the proper development and utilization, it can effectively enhance attraction of regional tourism industry and quality of tourism products. We should focus on the analysis of the types of visual cultural elements of Bai nationality and its application, success and failure, ways to improve tourism development, and explore the ideas and ways of its innovative use.%视觉性民族文化元素是彰显民族文化特色的重要符号,也是民族地区旅游开发中的重要识别码和关键吸引物.白族文化内容丰富、形式多样、可参与性大、视觉冲击力强,开发利用得当,能够有力提升区域旅游产业的吸引力和旅游产品的品质.因此,我们应对视觉性白族文化元素的类型及其在旅游开发中的应用、得失与提升途径进行分析,并探索创新利用的思路和方式.

  5. Dilemmas of Cultural Mediation: A Case Study of Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajtony Zsuzsanna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Travelling implies the encounter and, in certain cases, the clash of cultures. By interpreting translation as a means of transfer between languages and cultures, the present study looks into the different views on translating culture-specific realia. Through a close analysis of texts with the purpose of informing foreign tourists it offers ways of how to carry out this mediation. The study calls for further research into closely related issues, such as the translator’s cultural awareness of and sensitivity to similarity and difference, identity and alterity in culture.

  6. Spatial Coupling Relationship of the Attraction of Provincial Inbound Tourism in China%中国省域入境旅游吸引力空间耦合关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路春燕; 白凯

    2011-01-01

    本文以2002年、2004年、2006年和2008年的入境旅游者在中国大陆各省的流向为研究内容,分别运用引力模型和潜力模型对中国省域间入境旅游相互吸引力和各省入境旅游总体吸引力进行研究,并在此基础上应用地统计分析检验了中国大陆各省入境旅游总体吸引力的空间耦合关系,结果显示:①国内各省入境旅游总体吸引力大致呈逐年增强趋势,但省域之间的入境旅游相互吸引力则呈减弱趋势;②在空间上,国内各省入境旅游总体吸引力呈由东向西逐渐减弱的分布特征;随着年份的增加,省域之间的入境旅游总体吸引力差距逐步减小.文后就本研究的不足之处和在今后研究实践中应关注的方面进行了阐述.%Inbound tourism is an important component of the tourism industry of China. Revealing explicitly the competition between provinces, reducing internal frictions, and agglomerating the mutual attraction of inbound tourism between provinces would be helpful for generally expanding the inbound tourism market. On a spatial level, the author revealed and analyzed the spatial coupling between every province, with the aim to provide reference for the development of national and provincial inbound tourism market strategies in the future. Data were the flow of inbound tourist grouped data of the sample survey of inbound tourists, including 31 provinces of mainland China. The author investigated the flow of inbound tourists that came to China in 2002,2004, 2006, and 2008 using the gravity model and potential model to examine the mutual attraction of inbound tourism between provinces and the overall attraction of inbound tourism for every province. On the basis of this, the author used geostatistical analysis to test the coupling of the overall attraction of inbound tourism for each province. Results show that: 1) the overall attraction of inbound tourism for each province was generally increasing, but the

  7. Residents’ Attitude toward Tourism Development: A Sociocultural Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sajad Ebrahimi Meimand

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Host population support for tourism development has attracted the attention of researchers in tourism studies. Given the importance of understanding local community support for tourism development, limitations in understanding their priority and lack of a socio-cultural model of support for tourism, this study attempted to model locals’ support for tourism development based on socio-cultural factors in Malaysian Homestay program. Using extensive literature review, a tourism support model was proposed including several hypothesized paths. The proposed socio-cultural research framework predicted the impact of Islamic religiosity, locals’ knowledge about tourism, intrinsic motivation factors and community attachment on locals support for tourism development through mediating variables of perceived socio-cultural benefits and costs in Malaysian Homestays. , the model and paths were tested using structural equation modelling and partial least square algorithm (PLS-SEM with the aid of SmartPLS software. Findings reveal that locals’ support for tourism development in Homestay program is a function of perceived socio-cultural benefits and costs perceived by local community and four independent variables of Islamic religiosity, knowledge about tourism, intrinsic motivations, and community attachment.

  8. A comparative study of destinaiton image between UK and France in aspect of cultural tourism,from chinese tourist's perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Zeng, Jia

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to enrich the body of knowledge on destination image in aspects of culture tourism by examining the multi-dimensional nature of the concepts, as well as comparing the relative strengths and weaknesses of cultural tourism in two competitive destinations: UK and France. The research was conducted among the Chinese tourists having a traveling experience of UK or France and those who are planning to visit these tow places. The results indicate that destination image is...

  9. Soft Power and Tourism: A Study of Chinese Outbound Tourism to Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Wen Chen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The increase of Sino-African interactions in trade, aid and investments has attracted Chinese tourists to Africa. The Beijing Action Plan of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC outlines China’s cultural diplomacy in Africa, delineating a number of areas of cultural cooperation: education; press, publishing and media; and tourism and people-to-people exchange programs in academia and think tanks among young people, women and athletes. Though scholars of International relations (IR have detected that tourism is one way of manifesting soft power, they do not feel comfortable nor ready to place the promotion of tourism into standard IR discourse. This is in contrast to scholars of tourism studies who have recognized the political nature of China's outbound tourism, particularly to less-developed areas such as Africa. In this paper, we have argued that the Chinese government uses outbound tourism to perform its perceived relationship with African countries; that is, Beijing aspires to be seen as a benign rising power willing to help weaker countries develop and establish harmonious ties. It is hard to separate the economic and cultural functions of outbound tourism, each of which reinforces the other, although not without limits. We find that not all African countries’ national tourism policies are capable of, or willing to prioritize, attracting Chinese tourists. Moreover, we find that South Africa is most active in working with public relations companies in China to promote South Africa as a tourist destination.

  10. ELEMENTS FOR A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF HERITAGE POLICIES IN SOUTH BRAZIL: CULTURE, TOURISM AND DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Manoel Dias da Silva

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the contemporary condition of heritage policies in cities tumbled by official organ tipping considering in sociological perspective, the multiple mediations that affect the social goals deposited in them. The theoretical and empirical analysis presented, culture, tourism and development in shape important for the design of a theoretical approach to the phenomenon interpretative elements. The author concludes that, ambivalently, such policies intersect with social processes of identity affirmation of individuals and groups in the heritage landscape of cultural productions and at the same time, with narratives that allow the heritage of the place "resource" to programs of social development and revitalization of tourism and economic circuits in the region.

  11. Mirror or Masquerade? On Representational Ethics in Cultural Heritage Museology And Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Campbell Râna

    2014-01-01

    Icelandic cultural heritage museology is embedded in a complex of social, political, and economic matters, at both the national and continental levels, that look to tourism as an opportunity for development in rural regions. The present paper draws on master’s research that examined the relationships of Westfjords communities with two maritime heritage museums in the region. Two qualitative case studies based on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with heritage producers connected to each si...

  12. Intercultural publics and communication strategies : the case of Cultural Tourism at the Art Museum

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Pedro José de Oliveira

    2010-01-01

    (Excerto) This paper intends to present a study on global flows/encounters at a leisure space. The global flow is cultural tourism and the leisure space-scape is the art museum, where differences and identities may be articulated through communication strategies developed by intercultural publics. These translations may occur at the museum ‘physical’ space or at virtual scapes like museum web pages or multimedia devices resident in an art exhibition. Such a problematics constitutes a part of ...

  13. Literary Routes: Contributions to Natural/Cultural Heritage Tourism. How landscape transforms literature and tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Rosalinda Ruiz Scarfuto

    2013-01-01

    Literary routes inspired by landscapes is a topic where cultural and natural routes merge to form an added value of heritage that is greater than either one standing alone.  Landscape is traditionally defined as a consequence of transformations by humans, and its scope rarely takes into account how nature has inspired literature to advance the “intellectual development of humankind,” hence transforming heritage.  Literary routes paralleling transhumance routes embraced by the Sami, First Nati...

  14. Good Tourism Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Tourism policy matters in cultural tourism. The starting point of this paper is the observation that many tourism policy studies draw three inter-related conclusions. One, tourism policy must be inclusive and require the support of different stakeholders (Baker 2009; Bernhard Jørgensen and Munar...... 2009). Two, a balanced approach to tourism policy is needed to harness the benefits of tourism while mitigating negative effects (Budeanu 2009; Chang 1997; Jenkins 1997; Leheny 1995, Newby 1994; Teo and Yeoh, 1997). Three, tourism policies should accentuate and maintain the cultural uniqueness...... and authenticity of the destination (Morgan et al. 2011). It seems that many tourism authorities are ignorant of local interests, unaware of the touristification of local cultures and uninterested in promoting local cultures. But local cultures and communities are what that constitute cultural tourism....

  15. Gastronomy Tourism in Several Neighbor Countries of Indonesia: a Brief Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurniasih Sukenti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Gastronomy tourism, also called culinary tourism or food tourism, is a kind of tourism that provide attractions based on the culinary aspect owned by a country, region, or area. It is not only offers food and beverages as the main objects in its attractions, but also everything related to food activities ranging from food ingredients, preparation, processing, serving, as well as the cultural and local values. A well-managed culinary tourism will be a supportive program in developing and enhancing the tourism sector in a country. The objective of this paper is to describe the profile of gastronomy tourism in several neighbor countries of Indonesia, i.e. Hongkong, Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia. This brief review is also discussed the potential of Indonesia gastronomy in supporting government’s tourism program. Basically, Indonesia has more enormous potential asset in managing its cultural heritages in term of culinary than its neighbor countries. A well-managed gastronomy tourism plays not only an important role in enhancing the economic sector, but also contribute in preserving the natural and cultural resources. Keywords: gastronomy tourism, culinary tourism, food tourism.

  16. 襄阳文化旅游产业发展研究%Cultural Tourism Industry Development of Xiangyang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱运海

    2012-01-01

      As an important part of the cultural industries, cultural tourism industry is paid close attention in recent years. As a matter of fact, the scale of Xiangyang tourist enterprise is big, and domestic and inbound tourism development situation are favorable. However, compared with other cities, the tourism operation condition is poor;there are less integration, features and originality in resources development;tourism image is fuzzy. In order to revitalize Xiangyang cultural tourism industry development, construction of tourism destination, integration of urban resources, exploration of cultural tourism products, development of distinctive tourism, extension of chain for tourism industry and guarantee of security system are the imperative tasks.%  文化旅游产业作为文化产业的重要组成部分,近年来受到中央和地方政府的普遍关注。近年来,襄阳旅游企业规模壮大、国内和入境旅游发展态势良好,然而跟其他城市相比还存在旅游业经营状况差,资源开发欠整合、缺特色、乏创意,旅游形象模糊等方面的问题。为振兴襄阳文化旅游产业发展,构建旅游目的地,需要做好重塑旅游形象、整合市区资源、开发文化旅游产品、发展特色旅游、加大景区创建、延长旅游产业链和完善旅游产业发展保障体系等方面的工作。

  17. Managing endangered species within the use-preservation paradox: the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) as a tourism attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorice, Michael G; Shafer, C Scott; Ditton, Robert B

    2006-01-01

    A significant challenge to wildlife managers in tourism settings is to provide visitors with opportunities to observe rare and endangered wildlife while simultaneously protecting the target species from deleterious impacts. Nearly 100,000 people annually visit Crystal River, Florida, USA to observe and swim with the Florida manatee, an endangered species. This research aimed to investigate and describe human-manatee interactions in a tourism context, to understand the salient issues related to such interactions as identified by stakeholders, and to recommend a course of action to address multiple interests in the planning and management of human-manatee interactions. Five issues were identified by all stakeholder groups: water quality, harassment, density and crowding, education, and enforcement. Currently, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which is responsible for manatee management, does not have mechanisms in place to manage the tourism component of the manatee encounter. Although a regulatory approach can be taken, a better approach would be to create an organization of tour operators to establish "best practices" that reflect the goal of the managing agency to enhance manatee protection (and thus ensure their livelihood) and to enhance the visitor experience.

  18. STUDY REGARDING OVER BORDERS TOURISM AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP CULTURE IN THE DOMAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreş Solomia

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The study was regarded as a qualitative research that measures entrepreneurship tendencies of the two regions from the border rural environment, initiation and management measures of business in the rural environment. The study regarding entrepreneurship education knowledge of target member groups from the partner border communities from Caras-Severin and Serbia has as main objective the evaluating of entrepreneurship knowledge of communities from the two regions of the rural environment, both with a strong touristic and cultural potential, for the purpose of rebirth of border socio-economical activities and the improvement of life quality by developing rural tourism. The objective desired from this study were: a quantitative and qualitative of information level gained by the members of the target groups regarding the initiation and development of business in tourism; the establishing of an entrepreneur profile for the respondents; the identification of the activity domain with a high potential of economical exploitation. Starting from the premises that only a correct evaluation and a detailed information of these aspects will determine the fact that the results of the research will represent the basis of the elaborati2ng of a development strategy for the rural tourism for the border rural communities, the research team, to which I was also a member of, has used the method of investigation and questionnaires as useful instruments in the development of the activities of the Centre for Border Rural Tourism. These instruments have contributed to the knowledge and measuring of present dimensions from the two dimensions, qualitative and quantitative, of the level of basic entrepreneurship knowledge in order to stimulate in the future the inhabitants’ involvment in the development of tourism activities and of economical-social ones.

  19. On Chinese-English Translation of Tourist Attraction in Cross-cultural Perspective--Taking Qi Culture as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张滕龙

    2014-01-01

    Tourist textsfeature vividness and distinctiveness and its translation is a typical cross-cultural activity.By applying cross-cultural consciousness to the tourist material's translation, foreigners can understand the cultural connotation easily. Therefore, cross-cultural consciousness plays an important role in the translation of tourist materials.This thesis, taking Qi culture as an exam-ple, explores some typical tourist attractions from perspectives of historical allusions and legend as well as traditional customs. The analysis of Qi cultural connotation concludes business culture, Pu culture and filial piety culture. So, in order to transmit the cul-tural information to foreign tourists accurately, it is necessary to apply inter-cultural consciousness to the translation of tourist texts.

  20. OPPORTUNITIES OF DEVELOPING TOURISM INDUSTRY IN BANGLADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad SHAMSUDDOHA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism appeal includes natural places like beaches, eco-parks, lakes, valleys, rivers, islands etc., archeological sites, historic mosques and monuments, resorts, picnic spots, forest and wildlife. Bangladesh is a riverine country having attractive panoramic beauty. There are hills, valley, canals, lake, eco-park and mangrove forests, rivers, so many islands and the longest beach in the world. In this country, the scope of nature based tourism, resource based tourism, culture based tourism and eco-tourism is quite evident. Bangladesh is trying hard to develop its tourism industry. Therefore the whole situation deserves to be seen from right perspectives. Role of government is positive since the last twenty years both private and public organizations have come forwarded to attract the local and foreign tourists. The cracks of problem could not identify accurately because of the paucity number of researches and investigations in our country. Developed and organized tourism industry could change the economic condition and contribute a big share in the GDP of Bangladesh. This study will impede the opportunities of developing tourism industry in the light of existing resources.

  1. Investment Projects in Western China Culture and Tourism Sector (Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ. Project Name Western Culture Town Project Ⅱ. Project Implementation Agency Shaanxi Opera Research Institute Ⅲ. Project Description The project, located at the gold section of Wenyi road of Xi'an city, has a covered area of 23300 m2 and the total construction area of 110,000 m2 including 2 comprehensive buildings of 24 floors and a comprehensive building of 9 floors, a multifunctional theater integrating performance, cultural entertain-ment, shopping, commercial-residence, food and beverage, conference and exhibition.

  2. Further Discussion on Tourism Cultural Science%再论旅游文化学——敬复曹诗图先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹本涛

    2011-01-01

    《旅游文化学新论》(以下简称《新论》)发表后,曹诗图先生撰写《略论旅游文化学的主要问题》(以下简称《问题》)一文与笔者商榷。在各自主要目标或使命尚未完成的情况下,旅游文化研究与旅游研究合流是不合理的,其结果必然是旅游文化学独立性的完全丧失。名存实亡;《新论》与《问题》主张的旅游文化学定义分别以“旅游文化与学”和“旅游与文化学”为逻辑起点,前者较为可取,后者殊属不当;在旅游文化学研究对象的表述上,《新论》并无不妥,而《问题》却游移于旅游与旅游文化之间未有决断。旅游文化学的研究重心还应回到旅游文化上来。%After my muck "A New Viewpoint on Tourism Culture Studies" (hereinafter referred to as "A New Viewpoint") published, Mr. Cao Shi--tu provided some different viewpoints in "Study on the Principal Problems on Tourism Culturology" (hereinafter referred to as "the Principal Problems"). Mr. Cao's viewpoints focus on the following: First, the integration of tourism cultural research and tourism research is reasonable contemplation. What is more, tourism cultural science has its own value and significance; Second, tourism cultural science is not about tourism culture system and tourism cultural research, but tourism science based on culturology; "Tourism Cultural Science" should focus on the relationship between tourism and culture, tourism culture constitution system and its law of development, but it's not proper to study on research object and definition of cultural science in "A New Viewpoint". This paper thinks: Integration of tourism cultural research and tourism research is unreasonable contemplation; they are asymmetric, as a result, independence of tourism cultural science shall disappear; Taking "tourism and culturology" as the logical beginning is wrong. Author thinks it is "tourism

  3. The potential of tourism in the Region of Southwest Oltenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurenţiu Radu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is based on cultural and historical importance of Southwest Oltenia. The region has an attractive potential for tourism development, turning to its advantage both the strategic geographic location and the natural wealth of the Carpathians and the Danube River. Identifying products and services that make up the composition of tourism as a brand is a priority to create an image that can capture the attention of potential investors, travelers and tourists. Analyzing the profile of Oltenia’s tourism offer, we can say that the region provides the most varied forms of tourism

  4. 河南名人文化与旅游开发%Celebrity Culture and Tourism Exploitation in Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彩琴

    2011-01-01

    河南名人文化资源丰富而厚重,可以满足不同文化价值需求的游客文化旅游的需要。河南在名人文化旅游资源开发方面应增强危机意识,提高竞争能力,采取有力措施,实现名人文化资源向名人文化旅游经济增长点的转化。%Henan is rich of celebritiy culture, which can meet the need of different tourists' demand of cultural tourism. Henan should improve its crisis consciousness in exploiting its culture of celebrities and tourism, taking effective measures and strengthen its competition, in order to turn the cultural resource into cultural tourism economic growth point.

  5. A Conceptual Framework for Inclusive Digital Storytelling to Increase Diversity and Motivation for Cultural Tourism in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasemsarn, Kittichai; Nickpour, Farnaz

    2016-01-01

    Cultural tourism is considered to be a niche market and little attention has been paid to it, as compared with mass tourism. Moreover, visitors have little motivation to visit actual historical sites and read the story displayed behind the exhibitions. These issues highlight a good opportunity to increase further potential extended tourism and increase the motivation of visitors. To broaden and increase the potential market, this study applies inclusive design principles as 'understanding and designing for diversity' and presents reports on the first study. To increase the motivation of tourists, this study adopts digital storytelling as 'the guideline to increase motivation' and illustrates this in the second study.

  6. Developing an international market entry strategy and tactical plan for the cultural tourism of Turkey in South Korea market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Alaeddinoğlu

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Since international tourism market is more competitive and lucrative, most of countries want to give their emphasis on their promotional activities in order to increase their market share. This aim can be achieved either through the product diversification or penetrating new markets. In this regard, this paper primarily focuses on developing market entry strategy and tactical plan for cultural tourism of Turkey in Korean market. After the justification of Korean outbound tourism based on analysis of political, legal, economical, and technological factors, marketing strategy including segmentation, targeting, positioning, and marketing objectives are dealt with in this article. Then, a marketing mix based on 7P is suggested for Turkish cultural tourism. Finally, recommendations for Destination Marketing Organisation of Turkey are suggested.

  7. Developing an international market entry strategy and tactical plan for the cultural tourism of Turkey in south Korea market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Alaeddinoğlu

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Since international tourism market is more competitive and lucrative, most of countries want to give their emphasis on their promotional activities in order to increase their market share. This aim can be achieved either through the product diversification or penetrating new markets. In this regard, this paper primarily focuses on developing market entry strategy and tactical plan for cultural tourism of Turkey in Korean market. After the justification of Korean outbound tourism based on analysis of political, legal, economical, and technological factors, marketing strategy including segmentation, targeting, positioning, and marketing objectives are dealt with in this article. Then, a marketing mix based on 7P is suggested for Turkish cultural tourism. Finally, recommendations for Destination Marketing Organisation of Turkey are suggested.

  8. HOW THE PROGRAM „CULTURAL CAPITAL OF EUROPE” INFLUENCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM IN CITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florina Dorina COZEA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The program „Cultural Capital of Europe” started in 1985 in Athens, Greece and since then more than 45 cities from Europe have benefited of the status of Cultural Capital of Europe but only one Romanian city, Sibiu in 2007. To see the implications that this program has on tourism field and in what way it contributes to the development of this sector from the cities it will be analyzed the case of Sibiu, former Cultural Capital of Europe and Cluj Napoca that wants to have this title in the future. In the case of Sibiu several indicators will be taken into consideration. Their analysis will emphasize the relevance of this program within the tourism sector. The above mentioned indicators are: tourist’s arrivals, tourist’s check-ins, accommodation capacity. Besides these indicators there will be also considered other elements that have had an impact on this program like: type and structure of the events and the actors involved in the events' organization. In what concerns Cluj Napoca, it will be analyzed the potential of the cultural heritage that is present in the city at the present moment and in what way it can contribute to the organisation of such program.These two cities are both from Transylvania and have a similar geographical configuration, urban architecture and culture.

  9. The Relationship between Organizational Culture and Innovative Work Behavior for Sports Services in Tourism Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eskiler Ersin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The innovative behavior of individuals in the workplace is the foundation of any high-performance organization, and thus a study on the factors that motivate or enable individuals’ innovative behavior is critical (Scott, & Bruce, 1994. Therefore, the aim of this research was to find the relationship between organizational culture and innovative work behavior (IWB in tourism enterprises that market sports services. Considering the fact that IWB is crucial for tourism enterprises, exploring the factors that influence IWB could be beneficial. Correlation analysis revealed that IWB was found to be significantly correlating with cooperativeness (r=0.442, p<0.05, innovativeness (r=0.510, p<0.05, consistency (r=0.522, p<0.05, and effectiveness (r=0.554, p<0.05. Additionally, stepwise regression analysis, which was conducted to discover whether organizational culture predicts IWB, showed a significant model: F(2-131=33.775, p<0.05. The model explained 33% of the variance in IWB (Adjusted R2=0.33. In general, our findings suggest that there is a relationship between organizational culture and IWB and that organizational culture significantly predicts IWB. As IWB is crucial for the enhanced performance and success of any organization, organizational culture should be organized in order to encourage employees in terms of IWB.

  10. Preferences Evaluation with a Choice Experiment on Cultural Heritage Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Bravi, Marina; Gasca, Emanuela

    2014-01-01

    This work focuses on the elicitation of tourist preferences from an economic evaluation standpoint and in relation to the Royal Savoy's Residences, a cultural network included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. After analyzing the visits to the Metropolitan Museum System of Turin City (Italy), a conjoint choice experiment was implemented, where future scenarios of public/private supply were defined by a certain number of tour packages, characterized by different services and prices. The resul...

  11. THE DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION GUIDELINES OF ORGANIC FARMING FOR SUSTAINABLE TOURISM: CASES IN THAILAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nartsuda CHEMNASIRI

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to survey the interesting organic farms for tourism in five provinces, to study tourists’ behaviours and requirements of agro-tourism area, to study the potential and qualification of organic farms on being agro-tourism tourist attractions, and to propose development and promotion guidelines of organic farms for sustainable tourism. Methods of study were field work in target organic farms, interview, focus group discussion and inquiry. The study found that there were varieties of activities which were accordant with tourists’ requirements such as brief explanation from farmers, products distribution, fruit tasting, participate in agricultural activities and spend overnight at home stay. The implementation of training on tourism service and management including practicing for being agro-tourism attraction were conducted. The results of this study indicated that there should be economic growth together with conservation of local culture and environment. The most important for sustainable tourism is community participation.

  12. Mirror or Masquerade? On Representational Ethics in Cultural Heritage Museology And Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campbell Râna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Icelandic cultural heritage museology is embedded in a complex of social, political, and economic matters, at both the national and continental levels, that look to tourism as an opportunity for development in rural regions. The present paper draws on master’s research that examined the relationships of Westfjords communities with two maritime heritage museums in the region. Two qualitative case studies based on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with heritage producers connected to each site were supplemented with additional qualitative data from a focus group comprised of five Westfjords residents. Open and closed coding schemes based on the condensation of transcripts into thematic units were used to analyze the data, thus producing descriptions of the representational ethos of each museum, and findings were subjected to ethical analysis. Both museums were found to reflect contemporary issues that are subject to debates about cultural identity, heritage, and representational style and ideology, while analysis revealed that there is a persistent danger of oversimplifying or distorting cultural representations, particularly where each museum has stakes in tourism. This was judged a potential disservice to the nuanced identities of local communities, and a recommendation was put forth for museums to engage conscientiously with questions of identity and cultural representation.

  13. Organizational Culture and Tourist Satisfaction in a Lake-Based Tourism Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor’Aini Yusof

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Although many studies have highlighted that certain cultures are evident in certain firms, there are only few studies done on ecotourism areas and little has been done to analyse how these cultures have affected the performance of these organizations. Approach: Conceptualizing organizational culture as the values and practices employed in an organization and considering tourist satisfaction as intangible performance we conducted a survey of all tourist resort operators located in a lake-based tourism area in Malaysia. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, paired t-test and Pearson product-moment correlation. Results: The results revealed that tourists are dissatisfied with the quality of service delivered to them and tourist satisfaction is significantly influenced by environmental friendly practices. Conclusion/Recommendations: The results imply that environmental friendly practices ranging from the issue of recycling, being compatible with local environment and culture and making minimal changes to the existing landform, should be the focus of the strategic policy in the future, to improve the planning and management of the resorts and the area promoted for tourism.

  14. Tourism Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Heilongjiang Province "2006 Countryside Tour" Northeast China's Heilongjiang Province is a region that over 20 ethnic groups inhabit with their unique ethnic cus-tom and folk cultures. Therefore, Heilongjiang Province boasts abundant tourism resources. This summer, the provincial tourism bureau launched the "2006 China countryside tour" activity in Hongxin Village. Farmers in Hongxin Village are hospitable and are skillful dancers and singers. The unique folk culture and

  15. THE MAGIC OF DARK TOURISM

    OpenAIRE

    Erika KULCSÁR; Rozalina Zsófia SIMON

    2015-01-01

    The dark tourism is a form of tourism that is not unanimously accepted by the whole society, but in spite of this fact, the practitioners of dark tourism is a viable segment. Indeed the concept that defines dark tourism is none other than death, and perhaps this is why it will always be a segment that will not be attracted by this form of tourism. Many questions about dark tourism arise. Among them: (1) is dark tourism an area of science attractive for researches? (2) which is the typology of...

  16. 中职学校旅游专业教学中如何贯穿地方旅游文化%On How to Infiltrate Local Tourism Culture into Tourism Teaching in Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹圣燕

    2015-01-01

    文化是旅游资源的灵魂.地方文化以其个性鲜明、底蕴丰厚成为旅游文化资源的一个重要组成部分.本文以漳州为例,着重讲述在中职学校旅游专业教学中如何贯穿本地的旅游文化,一则使学生对本地旅游文化有个大概印象;二来也能丰富旅游课堂教学,并达到宣传本地旅游文化的目的.%Culture is the soul of tourism resources. With its dis-tinct characteristics and profound cultural accumulation, local culture becomes an important part of tourism culture resources. With Zhangzhou as an example, this paper focuses on how to in-filtrate local tourism culture into tourism teaching in secondary vocational schools. The aim is to give students a general knowl-edge of local tourism culture, enrich tourism classroom teaching and publicize local tourism culture.

  17. THE MAGIC OF DARK TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika KULCSÁR

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The dark tourism is a form of tourism that is not unanimously accepted by the whole society, but in spite of this fact, the practitioners of dark tourism is a viable segment. Indeed the concept that defines dark tourism is none other than death, and perhaps this is why it will always be a segment that will not be attracted by this form of tourism. Many questions about dark tourism arise. Among them: (1 is dark tourism an area of science attractive for researches? (2 which is the typology of dark tourism? (3 what are the motivating factors that determine practicing dark tourism? This paper provides a detailed analysis of publication behaviour in the field of dark tourism. The article also includes the main results obtained by achieving a quantitative marketing research among students of Sfantu Gheorghe University Extension in order to know their opinion, attitude towards dark tourism.

  18. Sustainable Development and Cultural Tourism%可持续发展与文化旅游

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐榕; 张善庆

    2015-01-01

    目前,一些地方旅游资源在粗放式经济、盲目开发等不合理利用下正受到损害,因此,促使了旅游可持续发展理论体系的形成与应用,合理的开发离不开可持续发展观念的渗透。持续发展的涵义有3个最基本的要点:一是公平性原则;二是持续性原则;三是共同性原则。旅游可持续发展是人类进行游览活动与社会环境系统关系变化的一种规范。文化旅游的市场潜力无限,只要开发角度新颖、形式多样、内容健康,充分挖掘独特的民族文化精髓,可供利用的资源将会取之不尽、用之不竭。%Currently, some local tourism resources are being compromised under the unreasonable use, such as extensive economic growth, blind development, etc. It promotes the theoretical system and application of sustainable development of tourism. The reasonable development is inseparable from the penetration of the concept of sustainable development. The meaning of sustainable development has three basic points: First, the principle of fairness; Second, the principle of sustainability; Third, the principle of commonality. Tourism sustainable development is a norm of human conducting tours with the social environment changes. The market potential of cultural tourism is unlimited. As long as there is a novel angle for development, a diversity of forms, a healthy content, a fully exploit of the unique essence of national culture, the tourism resources will always be available and inexhaustible.

  19. Cultural heritage and sustainable tourism in Latin America: present opportunities and challenges Patrimonio cultural y turismo sostenible en el espacio iberoamericano: retos y oportunidades del presente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Ballart Hernández

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between cultural heritage and sustainable tourism is provided. Research deals mainly with the possibilities in exploiting cultural heritage by sustainable cultural tourism. The dynamic elements in Latin American economies may be activated through sustainable tourism.Este artigo visa a trabalhar com a relação existente entre patrimônio cultural e turismo sustentável, sobretudo com as possibilidades de exploração do patrimônio por meio do turismo cultural sustentável. Nessa direção, propõe uma reflexão sobre as possibilidades das economias ibero-americanas serem dinamizadas a partir da gestão do turismo sustentável.

  20. Socio-cultural impacts of large-scale cruise tourism in Souq Mutrah, Sultanate of Oman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Gutberlet

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The following paper explores socio-cultural impacts of large-scale cruise liner tourism on the traditional bazaar (souq in the district of Mutrah. The souq is located opposite the port in the Omani capital Muscat. Large-scale cruise tourism in Muscat started only in 2004 and has increased in scale and numbers in the past years. 24 cruise vessels with around 7600 passengers arrived in Muscat in 2005. Seven years later 135 cruise liners carrying 257,000 tourists docked in Muscat. Due to this dramatic rise of international cruise ships, the socio-cultural impacts have increased for local residents, shop vendors/owners and tourists alike. To capture those socio-cultural impacts on Souq Mutrah, a survey of cruise tourists was conducted by a questionnaire. In addition, the researcher used participatory observation, counting, and in-depth interviews with different stakeholders of the local community and different types of tourists during the cruise seasons 2012/13 and 2013/14. Moreover, content analysis of statistics and local media publications were used. Results indicate that the souq has become “the core of a tourist bubble”, where crowding is a major problem and local residents avoid the place. The social carrying capacity of the souq has been reached. Omani vendors are leaving their businesses and renting their shops out to expatriates. Since contemporary cruise tourists are low spenders, expatriate shop sellers have become more aggressive.

  1. Kota Bharu Islamic City – The Concept of a New Cultural Tourism Product

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    Mohd Nasir M.R.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study introduces the concept of the Kota Bharu Islamic city in the eyes of tourists, with focus on recent trends affecting Malay cultural landscape and urban planning issues in Kelantan. The aims of this study are to introduce the concept of the Kota Bharu Islamic City as the new cultural tourism product in Malaysia as well as to enhance the reputation of the concept at the highest peak and Malay community development in Malaysia by using multiple methods including literature review, site observation and document analysis. The Kelantan Malay heritage should be highlighted as a main consideration in the future planning to avoid further damage or loss of valuable heritage. Finally, a regional vernacular tradition should be set as the focal point in making of the Islamic City of Kota Bharu without mimicking from other Islamic countries and subsequently the concept of the Kota Bharu Islamic City to be promoted as a new cultural tourism product in Malaysia will be successful.

  2. Economic evaluation of the impact of cultural tourism in the city of Zacatecas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandrina De Sicilia Muñoz

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay has the purpose of evaluating the economic impact of cultural tourism in the city of Zacatecas, giving special emphasis to its historic downtown. Therefore this work examines briefly the change recorded in the shift of the economic activities in the city, before and after its historic downtown was declared Cultural Human Heritage by the UNESCO. Moreover, the evolution of the city of Zacatecas as a touristic destiny is described, as well as the changes that have taken place in the expansion of the touristic services such as hotels, number of rooms, number of tourists, economically active population and the incomes inside the context of the tourist activity in the city of Zacatecas. Furthermore, tourism in México is discussed, initially aimed at promoting places with tourist tradition inside the country with the idea of exploiting the existent cultural resources; continuing with the geographical and historical context of the city of Zacatecas; and its touristic evolution as an historic downtown.

  3. Leisure Traveling for 21st Century Americans: Mass Tourism as a Cultural Trap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aniculăese Ovidiu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The majority of mass men in the American environment exhibit predictable and similar patterns of behavior as tourists. Pre-Industrial Revolution modes of traveling as liberation and exploration are now thwarted by the leveling effect of globalization and the illusion of information fueled by the all-pervasive mass media. Claims about the role of routine or the quest for authenticity are challenged as genuine motivations for mass tourism. Both the American culture and travel destinations in developing countries have authentic content that is largely ignored in favor of sensationalism and cliché. Excessive regimentation in the US creates the acute need for transcending to which popular culture finds accessible solutions through tourism: an experience of concentrated yet vague exoticism which feels liberating without yielding exploration. Travel destinations are shaped to American standards of material comfort and even adopt western popular culture icons in an effort to supply accessible familiar experiences of western entertainment. Various kinds of difficulty that once stimulated travelers are now relieved by travel agencies, rendering the experience of traveling less personal and more like TV entertainment. Old notions of space, time and reality itself are blurred in favor of a hyper-reality where fiction dominates.

  4. Some observations on tourism development in the Dutch Wadden Sea area

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hans Revier; Akke Folmer; Albert Postma

    2012-01-01

    Tourism has become one of the important economic activities in the Dutch Wadden Sea area. The tranquillity, open space, the natural qualities and cultural inheritance of the area attract every year between 1 and 2 million visitors. Especially the islands are a popular holiday destination. Tourism de

  5. HILL TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DESTINATIONS: A SITUATION ANALYSIS OF KUMAON REGION OF UTTARAKHAND

    OpenAIRE

    Arvind Kumar Saraswati; Prem Ram

    2017-01-01

    Hill Tourism is one of the major revenue earners for any region or country as compared to other forms of Tourism. Tourists are attracted to mountain destinations for many reasons, including the climate, clean air, unique landscapes and wildlife, scenic beauty, local culture, history and heritage, and the opportunity to experience snow and participate in snow-based or nature-related activities and sports. The Kumaon region of Himalayan offers some of the rarest 'tourism' products of nature wit...

  6. The promotion of geomorphosites on salt from Sovata - Praid and Turda using cultural and scientific tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toma, B.; Irimus, I.; Petrea, D.

    2012-04-01

    these lakes are used for external treatment. The holes resulting from exploitation were arranged and turned into treatment rooms for those affected by respiratory diseases. Localities Praid and Sovata from rural settlements, have become balneary resorts, that use these salt resources by multiple forms of tourism: spas, climatic, cultural, recreational and scientific. In Turda has developed both health, climacteric and recreational tourism, as well as cultural and historical tourism, given the historical relics that are housed here. The design of applicative segment of geomorphological sites on salt recovery, through tourism activities is the objective of our work. Methodological argumentation is supported by the objective motivation, of geomorphosites on salt capitalization, by the content of syllabus and specialization of geography of tourism and territorial planning, from the Faculty of Geography, Babes-Bolyai University from Cluj-Napoca. The syllabus content argues the need for knowledge of geomorphosites genesis, their morphology, touristic valences, urbanistic valences, and the possibility of recovery, through forms and types of tourism, namely, urban, agricultural, industrial forms and types of exploitation. Key words: salt, geomorphosites, Praid, Turda, recovery

  7. Entrepreneurship development in destinations of religious tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanović Slobodan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available After the introduction which summarizes the basic guidelines for the development of entrepreneurship in special interest tourism, the author explores the development and application as well as the management of entrepreneurship in religious tourism as a type of special interest tourism. Religious components and motives for visiting shrines as an integral part of human culture and tradition have a strenuous impact on the tourism industry, both on the offering and demanding side. The most visited shrines such as Fatima or Lourdes attract four to eight million visitors per year. Considering the fact that this type of tourism is economically very useful in a particular local environment, many shrines as sites have become centres of religious, commercial and cultural events in certain regions throughout history. Their development was followed by investment in infrastructure, culture, catering and other facilities. The implementation of entrepreneurship is based on various segments that enable the development of religious tourism in a particular area, such as catering industry, hospitality industry, tourist mediation, transportation companies and other complementary activities (agriculture, fishing, wine production, commerce and other services. The author explores the indicators of entrepreneurship development in the field of religious tourism as a type of special interest tourism indicating the possibilities it has on the destination development. The development of special interest tourism should be based on effective investment in tourism offer through entrepreneurial projects (catering and other tourist facilities in accordance with market trends. The investment in tourism offer in the context of religious tourism would result in the growth of religious passengers' consumption as well as the increase in income from religious tourism, and thus the economic development of the sites with religious content. Examples of such shrines in the world are

  8. THE IMPORTANCE OF TOURISM INFORMATION AND PROMOTION OFFICE AND CENTRES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INBOUND TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae PLATON

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Development of individual economies of countries of the world, reducing trade barriers and broadening international economic and cultural exchanges, as well as globalization have created favorable conditions for the participation of a growing number of countries and people in tourism traffic. Pretenders to be included in the tourism circuit should provide: individualization of supply,therefore, are focused on the type of holiday they want to spend. Thus, countries with tourism potential that intend to attract foreign tourists need to know who they are, from which country, age, interests, in order to meet their requirements and requests. In this context, it is argued the role and need for the creation of Office and Tourism Information and Promotion Centers in attracting and qualitative service of foreign tourists.

  9. Cultura popular e Turismo: O Ceará nos anos 1970 / Popular Culture and Tourism: Ceará, Brazil, in the 70’s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Amélia Rodrigues de Oliveira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 O artigo analisa o processo de atribuição de valor econômico à cultura popular, a partir da sua vinculação à atividade turística. Até a década de 1950, a cultura popular era entendida socialmente, apenas como um elemento constitutivo da identidade brasileira, calcada nos ideais de pureza e autenticidade. Com a criação de órgãos como o Banco do Nordeste e a Sudene, o governo federal tenta inserir o Nordeste na lógica de desenvolvimento capitalista, e começa a ver na produção popular uma possibilidade de gerar renda a partir do investimento na produção artesanal. O desenvolvimento do turismo influenciará na inserção das tradições populares no circuito econômico como atrativo turístico. Popular Culture and Tourism: Ceará, Brazil, in the 70’s - This paper analyzes the process of assigning economic value to popular culture and its link to tourism. Until the 1950's, popular culture was understood socially in an ideal of purity and authenticity, as a constitutive element of national identity. With creation of institutions such as Banco do Nordeste and Sudene, federal government intends to include the Brazilian Northeast in the capitalist development logic, and see the popular production as a possibility to generate income from investment in craft production. Tourism development will mark the insertion of popular traditions in the economic circuit as a tourist attraction.

  10. Perspectives on Cultural and Sustainable Rural Tourism in a Smart Region: The Case Study of Marmilla in Sardinia (Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Garau

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is being inserted into the current debate on the topic of sustainability, as it applies to rural tourism. In particular, it addresses the need to identify strategic actions that will enhance the dissemination of cultural resources to facilitate cultural planning. Balancing the dynamic tension that characterizes the relationship between tourism development and protection of the landscape is key to finalizing appropriate planning strategies and actions, especially in the context of marginal rural areas. In support of theoretical and methodological reflections pertinent to this relationship, this paper presents a case study of the region of Marmilla on Italy’s island of Sardinia. The absence of both a “cultural planning” philosophy and a strategic approach to systemic and sustainable rural tourism in this country has been acknowledged. This paper concludes by discussing the results that emerged during the preparation of this case study, with respect to smart, sustainable, rural tourism development, while accepting the need for compromises between the force of globalization, nature, tourism, places, and people.

  11. Discussion Creative Marketing about Industry of Culture Tourism%论文化旅游产业中的创意营销

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古广胜

    2012-01-01

    文化旅游是旅游产业中一个相对薄弱的环节,但它也是当前旅游产业急待提升的方面.把文化元素注入旅游产业,形成文化与旅游的融合,提升旅游产品的附加值,更需要运用创意营销的理念,才能体现文化旅游真正内涵,提高旅游产品的经济效益.通过对我国文化旅游产业存在的问题及原因分析,提出运用主题文化旅游营销方式、参与体验式的文化旅游营销方式和注入特色文化式的旅游营销方式等创意营销,以全面提升文化旅游产业的竞争力.%Culture tourism is one of relatively weak links of tourism industry, while it is urgently need to be upgraded in modern tourism industry. Injecting culture elements into industry, integrating culture and tourism, and improving the value-added of tourism products need creative marketing concepts, which embodies the real meaning of culture tourism, and enhances the economic benefit of tourism products. This article points out the questions in culture tourism and analyzes the reasons, and advocates using creative marketing way, such as theme culture tourism, participating and experiencing, injecting characteristic culture tourism, and so on, and then the competition capability of culture tourism industry will be upgraded comprehensively.

  12. Study on tourism attractions talents development status from year 2005 and countermeasures%“十一·五”以来贵州省旅游景区人才发展分析及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵星

    2011-01-01

    Tourism talents are practitioners working in tourism industry and holding the Diploma of junior college or above or primary title or above, according to statistical caliber from National Tourism Administration' s talents plan. This paper investigates the status of tourism talents during "11 th five-year plan" period in Guizhou tourism attractions, summarizes the talents development characteristics and main problems of total quantity, gender, education background and major structure through analyzing survey data. And then, the paper provides countermeasures integrated with Guizhou tourism industry' s 1025 plan on Guizhou tourism attractions talents development in the "12th five-year plan" period.%根据中国国家旅游局旅游人才规划对旅游人才的统计口径:旅游人才是指具有大专及大专以上学历或具有初级及初级以上职称的旅游从业人员。对贵州省旅游景区“十一·五”期间旅游人才情况进行调研,通过对调研资料与数据的分析,得出贵州省旅游景区“十一·五”以来旅游人才在总量构成、性别结构、学历构成、专业构成等上的发展特点与存在的主要问题。在此基础上,结合贵州省旅游业“十二·五”发展要求,提出“十二·五”时期贵州省旅游景区人才发展的相关对策。

  13. TOURISM WAS BORN IN THE VILLAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela-Liliana CIOBAN

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Statistical data certifies that tourism is one of the most profitable and dynamic sectors of the economy, occupying the second position in international trade, after oil. By extrapolation results that rural tourism also has major implications for the economic, social and cultural development of the villages. This study presents an analysis of the factors contributing to the practice of rural tourism in Romania during 2000-2015. Using data provided by the National Statistics Institute was possible to analyze the number of employees and number of units specific to rural tourism. In the structure of this study, the methods of improving and developing rural tourism are defined by the concept of volunteer tourism by developing national portals presenting the vacant jobs in tourism and developing human capital by attracting European Funds 2014-2010. The importance of these methods have as a starting point the alignment with the current requirements of tourists and human resources due to the fact that workers in tourism are the main connection point between services and tourist.

  14. Communication of Tourism Product; The case of Himara.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ina ÇAN

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tourism has and will be generally recognized asthe world’s largest industry. Its growth iscreating rapid social, economic and environmental changes which expect detailedunderstanding and measures to be managed.The market values of tourism can generally berealized by tourism products. This studyaims to explore the potential and communication of tourism product; by studying thecase of Himara, a city in south Albania– the study investigates how communicationtourism product works in a real environment.Nowadays, communication has become a major driver of tourism. Communication intourism is another form of promoting tourism by involving not only linguistic means.Some people traveled specificallyin order to gain a deeper understanding of the culture orheritage of a destination by what they haveheard and read. In order to satisfy tourists’needs and expectations, tourism productstypically attract consumers by thecommunication attributes. People hold a variety of misconceptions about communicationof tourism product. The most common one is its confusion with marketing andpromotion.In general terms, tourism is commonly consideredas a priority sector by Albanian Centraland Local Government. Himara is a small cityin southwest, holding high potential fortourism. It is widely considered an attractive destination of Albanian Riviera; and theoverall objective of this study is to identify the issues and challenges in tourismpromotion facing Himara

  15. Communication of Tourism Product; The case of Himara.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ina ÇANI

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tourism has and will be generally recognized asthe world’s largest industry. Its growth iscreating rapid social, economic and environmental changes which expect detailedunderstanding and measures to be managed.The market values of tourism can generally berealized by tourism products. This studyaims to explore the potential and communication of tourism product; by studying thecase of Himara, a city in south Albania– the study investigates how communicationtourism product works in a real environment.Nowadays, communication has become a major driver of tourism. Communication intourism is another form of promoting tourism by involving not only linguistic means.Some people traveled specificallyin order to gain a deeper understanding of the culture orheritage of a destination by what they haveheard and read. In order to satisfy tourists’needs and expectations, tourism productstypically attract consumers by thecommunication attributes. People hold a variety of misconceptions about communicationof tourism product. The most common one is its confusion with marketing andpromotion.In general terms, tourism is commonly consideredas a priority sector by Albanian Centraland Local Government. Himara is a small cityin southwest, holding high potential fortourism. It is widely considered an attractive destination of Albanian Riviera; and theoverall objective of this study is to identify the issues and challenges in tourismpromotion facing Himara.

  16. Thematic tourism vs. mass tourism in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Červinka Michal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article titled Thematic Tourism vs. Mass Tourism in the Czech Republic is concerned with the relationship between thematic tourism, mass tourism and presuppositions of the tourism development. The authors aim is to compare the turnout of thematic tourism attractions and sights focused on mass tourism paying attention to presuppositions of the tourism development and barriers for the turnout of thematic monuments. Comparisons will be based on presuppositions of tourism development and will be based especially on the specifics of thematic tourism - as a marginal field within the tourism industry. The application part will focus on the comparison of sights with massive turnout in the Czech Republic and thematic landmarks as the subject of thematic tourism. Special attention will be paid to the comparison of the two most visited monuments in the Czech Republic as for mass tourism - the Charles Bridge, and the most visited monument as for thematic tourism - the hydro-power plant Dlouhé Stráně, a technical representative of thematic tourism. Both monuments were elected by general public on the list of Seven Wonders of the Czech Republic in 2013. The aim is to confirm / refute the hypothesis that quality preconditions of tourism development are essential for the development of tourism and visiting tourist attractions. The article will use secondary data analysis methods and author's own field research.

  17. The impact of cultural distance on local residents perception of tourism development: The case of Dubai in UAE

    OpenAIRE

    Zaidan, Esmat

    2016-01-01

    This study discusses the importance of understanding cultural differences between tourists and hosts for developing positive cross-cultural tourist interaction and its influence on the host's perception of sociocultural impacts of tourism. A logistic regression model is used to identify the significant positive as well as negative impacts perceived by hosts who view a significant cultural distance between them and tourists versus those who do not. It is found that there is a significant relat...

  18. The impact of cultural distance on local residents perception of tourism development: The case of Dubai in UAE

    OpenAIRE

    Zaidan, Esmat

    2016-01-01

    This study discusses the importance of understanding cultural differences between tourists and hosts for developing positive cross-cultural tourist interaction and its influence on the host's perception of sociocultural impacts of tourism. A logistic regression model is used to identify the significant positive as well as negative impacts perceived by hosts who view a significant cultural distance between them and tourists versus those who do not. It is found that there is a significant relat...

  19. Managing dive tourism for the sustainable use of coral reefs: validating diver perceptions of attractive site features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uyarra, Maria C; Watkinson, Andrew R; Côté, Isabelle M

    2009-01-01

    It has been argued that strategies to manage natural areas important for tourism and recreation should integrate an understanding of tourist preferences for specific natural features. However, the accuracy of tourist recalled perceptions of environmental attributes, which are usually derived from post hoc surveys and used to establish management priorities, is currently unmeasured. We tested the validity of the relationship between tourist-stated preferences and actual condition of coral reefs around the Caribbean island of Bonaire. Using standardized questionnaires, we asked 200 divers to select their most and least favorite dive sites and the attributes that contributed to that selection. We also carried out ecological surveys at 76 of the 81 dives sites around the island to assess the actual conditions of the attributes indicated as important for site selection. Fish- and coral-related attributes were key features affecting dive enjoyment. In general, divers appeared to be able to perceive differences between sites in the true condition of biological attributes such as fish species richness, total number of fish schools, live coral cover, coral species richness, and reef structural complexity, although men and women divers differed in their ability to perceive/recall some of the attributes. Perceived differences in environmental attributes, such as surface conditions, underwater current, and the likelihood of encountering rare fish and sea turtles, were not empirically validated. The fact that divers perceive correctly differences in the condition of some of the key biological attributes that affect dive enjoyment reinforces the need to maintain overall reef condition at satisfactory levels. However, variation in accuracy of perceptions owing to demographic factors and attribute type suggests the need for caution when using public perceptions to develop environmental management strategies, particularly for coral reefs.

  20. 基于游客认知的古村镇旅游吸引力因素研究%Study on Attractiveness Factors of Ancient Villages and Towns Tourism Based on Cognition of Visitors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦东海

    2011-01-01

    With the relevant data collected from visitors and factor analysis method, the model to calculate the attractiveness of the comprehensive ancient villages and towns tourism was constructed, which had certain theoretical and practical guidance values to the resources and market development of ancient villages and towns tourism.%通过游客调查获取相关数据,借助因子分析法构建了古村镇综合旅游吸引力计算模型,对古村镇旅游资源开发和市场开发具有一定的理论和实践指导意义.

  1. GASTRONOMIC TOURISM MANAGEMENT REVITALIZER FACTOR OF THE TOURISM OFFER

    OpenAIRE

    MARIUS BOIŢĂ; ANDREI ANGHELINA; BOBY COSTI

    2014-01-01

    This work aims to present the gastronomic tourism, which is a new conception and form of tourism, dealt with separately from other forms of tourism, which combines features of cultural, thematically and durable tourism, aiming at meeting and educating tourists in traditional culinary arts, bringing benefits to the local people and maintaining various sectors of the economy. Gastronomic tourism consolidates, in this vision, as a key element in the diversification of the tourism ...

  2. Review of Foreign Tourism Culture Study and Its Enlightenments%国外旅游文化研究进展及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚美慧; 李朝军; 郑焱

    2014-01-01

    From the angle of tourism cultural and historical evolution,the paper elaborates foreign tourism culture and the research process of its studies,and summarizes the basic characteristics:focusing on humanism;there are more studies on tourism culture than tourism economy,and tourism cultural has become the main direction of tourism researches;emphasizing on application study instead of basic theory study;attaching importance to social impacts of tourism culture,and tourism cultural has become the vital perspective of the research.%从旅游文化研究历史演进的角度,梳理了国外旅游文化及其研究的嬗变过程,归纳了国外旅游文化研究的基本特征:注重从人本主义的角度出发;旅游文化研究已超越旅游经济的研究成为旅游研究的主导方向;重视应用研究,轻基础理论研究;多以旅游的社会文化影响为着眼点,旅游文化成为旅游研究最重要的视角。这些研究成果对旅游文化学学科建设具有重要启示意义。

  3. Dancing Where the River Meets the Sea: Ambiguous Sensuality and Liminal Cultural Geographies in Goa, India

    OpenAIRE

    Mora, Amalia

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation concerns the performance of cultural heritage by female dancers on tour boats in Goa, India, at the Goa Boat Center (GBC). Tourism is the most rapidly growing industry in the former Portuguese enclave of Goa, which continues to attract an increasing number of visitors each year and has recently witnessed an influx of migrants, many of whom end up working in the tourism sector. Although the tourism industry has not yet fully capitalized on cultural tourism, government-affilia...

  4. Encyclopaedia Entries for: (1) Spa Tourism, (2) Backpacker Tourism and (3) Country Profile: Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly, Catherine

    2017-01-01

    These entries detail definitional terms for spa tourism, backpacker tourism and an overview of tourism in the Irish Republic. Key trends, main products, visitor numbers and attractions are outlined in each concise entry for this extensive encyclopaedia.

  5. Male facial attractiveness and masculinity may provide sex- and culture-independent cues to semen quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soler, C; Kekäläinen, J; Núñez, M; Sancho, M; Álvarez, J G; Núñez, J; Yaber, I; Gutiérrez, R

    2014-09-01

    Phenotype-linked fertility hypothesis (PLFH) predicts that male secondary sexual traits reveal honest information about male fertilization ability. However, PLFH has rarely been studied in humans. The aim of the present study was to test PLFH in humans and to investigate whether potential ability to select fertile partners is independent of sex or cultural background. We found that on the contrary to the hypothesis, facial masculinity was negatively associated with semen quality. As increased levels of testosterone have been demonstrated to impair sperm production, this finding may indicate a trade-off between investments in secondary sexual signalling (i.e. facial masculinity) and fertility or status-dependent differences in investments in semen quality. In both sexes and nationalities (Spanish and Colombian), ranked male facial attractiveness predicted male semen quality. However, Spanish males and females estimated facial images generally more attractive (gave higher ranks) than Colombian raters, and in both nationalities, males gave higher ranks than females. This suggests that male facial cues may provide culture- and sex-independent information about male fertility. However, our results also indicate that humans may be more sensitive to facial attractiveness cues within their own populations and also that males may generally overestimate the attractiveness of other men to females. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2014 European Society For Evolutionary Biology.

  6. Two faces of narcissism and romantic attraction: evidence from a collectivistic culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Chunliang; Zhou, Hui; Liang, Yuling; Yi, Li

    2012-08-01

    The present study was aimed to extend the self-orientation model (Campbell, 1999) to vulnerable narcissism in a collectivistic culture. Two hundred and twenty-seven college students were recruited from China. Participants reported their ratings on measures of vulnerable and grandiose narcissism, attractions to different (caring vs perfect) targets, and their choices of potential romantic partners. Results indicated that those participants classified as grandiose or vulnerable narcissists were more attracted to perfect targets than non-narcissists. In addition, grandiose narcissists preferred to choose perfect targets as their romantic partners, while vulnerable narcissists did not show such a preference when choosing potential partners. These results suggested that culture could influence the function of narcissism. The self-orientation model could not fully explain the choices of vulnerable narcissists.

  7. Analysis of Tourists' Liquor Culture-oriented Tourism Willingness Based on Logistic Model--A Case Study on Wuliangye Culture-oriented Tourism%基于L ogistic模型的游客酒文化旅游意愿分析--以宜宾五粮液酒文化旅游为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解巍

    2015-01-01

    This paper endeavors to explore the factors influencing tourists' willingness to participate in Wuliangye culture-oriented tourism. Based on the survey and questionnaires, Logistic model was applied for quantitative analysis. The results indicated that, the main factors influ-encing tourists' willingness to liquor culture-oriented tourism included tourist age, tourist source, whether tourist drank Wuliangye before, and whether tourist accepted that liquor culture is an important part of Chinese culture. In view of these factors, some advice were proposed as fol-lows:strengthening fashion elements in liquor cultural marketing, integrating liquor culture with local tourism resources, promoting the interac-tion between liquor-making industry and liquor culture-oriented tourism industry, and creating more attractive liquor culture etc.%根据对到访宜宾的游客参与五粮液酒文化旅游意愿的调查数据,运用Logistic模型对影响游客参与意愿的影响因子进行定量分析。结果表明,游客的年龄、客源地、游客以前是否喝过五粮液酒或五粮液酒厂生产的其他酒以及游客是否认同酒文化是我国传统文化的重要组成这4个因素对游客参与五粮液酒文化旅游的意愿有显著影响。针对这些影响因素,提出了加强白酒文化营销的年轻时尚元素,将酒文化与地方旅游资源进行整合,促进酒产业与酒文化旅游产业互动以及塑造与时俱进、有吸引力的酒文化等建议。

  8. Dorang (Dolan Semarang Game Solution to Introduce Semarang Municipality and Semarang Regency as Tourist Attraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidya Oktorina Kusuma Sakti

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract- Tourism is the departure of a person in a short period of time into a tourism site with the intention to relax and refresh the mind. Tourism will feel convenient if visiting the tourism site that have fun attractions. One of the city that has many attractions is Semarang city and Semarang regency. Semarang city and Semarang regency has a natural attractions, social and culture, travel games, agro tourism, and culinary tours. According to a study, 64% of 30 respondents who are domestic travelers from 15-30 years old, did not know the information of locations from the tourism site in Semarang city and Semarang regency. With the little knowledge from domestic travelers, DORANG (Dolan Semarang is made so that this game can be used as a guide to travel and as a media promotion of these attractions. This game contains travel map of Semarang city and Semarang regency along with the information of tourism sites. After respondents are finished playing this game, they will be known better about the information of tourism sites in Semarang city and Semarang regency and also more recognizing these attractions.

  9. Plants as Natural Dyes for Jonegoroan Batik Processing in Jono Cultural Tourism Village, Bojonegoro, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurizza Fauziyah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Batik Jonegoroan is one of the potential tourism product in Jono Village, Bojonegoro. Batik was processed by traditional procedure using natural dyes from plants. In order to preserve the traditional batik which was colored by natural dyes from plant, the preservation of such plant were important. As far, there are no scientific data related to the species usage in Batik production. The aims of the research were identifying plant which were used as natural dyes in Batik processing. Data were collected ​​through observation, and  semi-structured interviews to batik craftsmen. Results of interviews were analyzed descriptively. The importance of plant was analyzed using Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC index. Based on the results, there are 12 plant species used as batik dye. It is consisted of Teak, Mahogany, Ketapang, Tamarind, Mangosteen, Mango, Suji, Pandan, Indigofera, Guava, Banana and Onion. Teak (Tectonagrandis L. and Mahogany (Swietenia mahogany L. have the highest value of RFC, 1.00. Both species were the most frequently cited species as sources of natural dyes. Extraction of Teak leaves produce red hearts and extraction of mahogany tree bark produces red-brown dye. Both of the color is the most important color in batik motifs. Keywords: batik Jonegoroan, Jono Cultural Tourism Village, perception, quality, RFC

  10. Observatoire de tourisme et de culture comme stratégie mise en valeur du développement régional Observatory of culture and tourism as a development strategy of regional development

    OpenAIRE

    Edegar Luis Tomazzoni; Eric Dorion

    2010-01-01

    Cet article aborde la création du projet Observatoire de Tourisme et Culture de la Serra Gaúcha qui, dans son étape initiale, inclut les dix villes de l'Agglomération Urbaine nord-est de l'État de Rio Grande Do Sul (AUNe). La création de l'Observatoire a été prévue dans le projet de Valorisation du Tourisme Intégré à l'Identité Culturelle des Territoires (VICTUR), financé par le Programme URB-AL, de la Commission Européenne. Le programme de Maîtrise en Tourisme de l’Université de Caxias do Su...

  11. The Concept of Carrying Capacity in Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Zelenka

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Carrying capacity is often pragmatically, theoretically as well as purely intuitively considered as a concept in the context of tourism sustainability. The carrying capacity application has the greatest potential in protected areas, in frequently visited cultural and natural attractions, and in relation to sustaining of the lifestyle of the local community and tourism destination potential in general. Despite its importance, partial applications, determination of basic theoretical principles, and specifying connection to the other theoretical concepts in tourism (particularly destination life cycle, LAC concept, visitors management, there still is a rightful opinion of some authors suggesting that there is no consistent theory of tourism carrying capacity. This theory would be the base for sophisticated practical carrying capacity applications. This paper is therefore focused on introduction of the theoretical concept of carrying capacity, which can be discussed and possibly further elaborated.

  12. Adventure tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løseth, Kristin

    In a rapidly changing tourism industry, the international competition is strong and the well-travelled tourists have high expectations. This has led to an increasing emphasis on the development of new services and experiences to attract tourists’ attention. Innovation has become a “buzz-word”, seen...... innovation, and draws on perspectives from economic geography and evolutionary theories of industry development. In addition sociological theories of leisure are included to explore how the close relations between adventure tourism and certain outdoor recreation milieus may benefit knowledge development...

  13. Economic Impact of Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela PĂDURE

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available As the traffic of tourists increased in a particular area, it was observed that environmental and ecological balances were disturbed due toover commercialization. The scenic beauty was made more ‘customer friendly’ and the natural tourism products more accessible and ‘saleable’ byman. Environmentalists are agitated about the damages and carelessness showed by the tourists. Culturally and socially, tourism can impact thedestination country, but its effect cannot be solely attributable to simple tourist activities. On the road to development, tourism products have alsowitnessed some changes. As the world changed and developed, new necessities were identified. As people became more aware, the needs changedand new tourism products were developed to satisfy these new found needs. The last few years have seen the emergence of new areas in tourism like,special interest tourism, green tourism, eco tourism, social tourism and so on.

  14. Mass tourism versus small form tourism case study: Perspective for the development of small form tourism in the municipality of Surčin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanić-Jovanović Sara

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The phenomenon of mass tourism development in recent years has undergone certain transformations, in particular, with the appearance of small forms of tourism, having significant prospects for development in the future. Although mass tourism development has represented, for a long time, a successful example of the concept of development of various tourist destinations around the world, in time, it was getting more exposed to criticism. Numerous authors and tourism scholars emphasize negative impact of mass tourism, whereas World Tourism Organization's forecast is in favor of reducing the mass as opposed to small forms of tourism. The small forms of tourism are primarily characterized by individual tours or traveling within small groups, usually consisting of educated, experienced and responsible participants with greater purchasing power when compared to typical tourists, participants of mass tourism. This case study entails prospects for the development of small forms of tourism in Surčin, the youngest of seventeen Belgrade municipalities. Due to its favorable traffic and tourist position, natural resources, cultural heritage and built infrastructure, in recent years, Surčin has become more attractive for individuals and small groups of tourists, positioning itself as a tourist destination for excursions in the market capital. This paper investigated the possibilities for tourism development of small forms of tourism based on the natural environment, cultural heritage, events; adventure, sport and recreation; authentic offer and local tradition as well as the parts of a short city break tour and cruising programs in the area of the Surčin municipality.

  15. 旅游文化营销运作模式探讨%Discussion of the Operation Mode of Tourism Cultural Marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓星

    2014-01-01

    随着我国经济水平的提高,旅游业得到了迅速发展,其中旅游文化营销模式在旅游业发展中占有重要地位。本文首先阐述了旅游文化营销的内涵和特征,并对旅游文化营销运作模式进行了探讨。%Along with raising the level of our economy, the tourism industry has been developing rapidly, and the marke-ting mode of tourism culture plays an important role in the development of tourism. This paper expounds the connotation and characteristics of tourism cultural marketing, and discusses the operation mode of the tourism cultural marketing.

  16. The symbolic process of the tourist attractiveness of a city through the notion of empowerment: an asset of the community tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naoil CHAOUNI

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research note analyzes the interpretative permanent process of the symbolism through the spaces in community-based tourism and local development. The goal of this tourism processes is to empower the local community as a major player in sociocultural solutions. The empowerment becomes a central element of mediation, of tourist regulation and participates to the success of projects based on sustainable tourism in rural environment.

  17. The power of Virtual Globes for valorising cultural heritage and enabling sustainable tourism: NASA World Wind applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brovelli, M.; Hogan, P.; Minghini, M.; Zamboni, G.

    2013-10-01

    Inspired by the visionary idea of Digital Earth, as well as from the tremendous improvements in geo-technologies, use of virtual globes has been changing the way people approach to geographic information on the Web. Unlike the traditional 2D-visualization typical of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), virtual globes offer multi-dimensional, fully-realistic content visualization which allows for a much richer user experience. This research investigates the potential for using virtual globes to foster tourism and enhance cultural heritage. The paper first outlines the state of the art for existing virtual globes, pointing out some possible categorizations according to license type, platform-dependence, application type, default layers, functionalities and freedom of customization. Based on this analysis, the NASA World Wind virtual globe is the preferred tool for promoting tourism and cultural heritage. This is because its open source nature allows unlimited customization (in terms of both data and functionalities), and its Java core supports platform-independence. Relevant tourism-oriented World Wind-based applications, dealing with both the Web promotion of historical cartography and the setup of a participatory Web platform exploiting crowd-sourced data, are described. Finally, the paper presents a project focusing on the promotion of the Via Regina area (crossing the border between Italy and Switzerland) through an ad hoc World Wind customization. World Wind can thus be considered an ideal virtual globe for tourism applications, as it can be shaped to increase awareness of cultural history and, in turn, enhance touristic experience.

  18. An Empirical Study on Environmental System Perception of Tourism Island Residents: A Case Study in Hainan Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiong Sun

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Today the development of island tourism has attracted more and more attention from domestic and international tourism researches. Tourism island has become the important scenic spot in coastal cities in China. Through the empirical research of local residents' awareness of environmental system, we can better hold people's perception of the touristic environment. Method can also be drawn to promote public participation more actively in the tourism development of the islands. This paper mainly shows the residents' attitude towards tourism through their feelings of the changes of economy, local social culture and the island environment brought by tourism. The results show that residents' positive perception of tourism is more intense than negative perception, and the perception of economy is stronger than that of culture and environment. On the overall perception, there exists no significant difference while in the tiny level there are still some differences remained.

  19. GASTRONOMIC TOURISM MANAGEMENT REVITALIZER FACTOR OF THE TOURISM OFFER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIUS BOIŢĂ

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to present the gastronomic tourism, which is a new conception and form of tourism, dealt with separately from other forms of tourism, which combines features of cultural, thematically and durable tourism, aiming at meeting and educating tourists in traditional culinary arts, bringing benefits to the local people and maintaining various sectors of the economy. Gastronomic tourism consolidates, in this vision, as a key element in the diversification of the tourism supply and stimulation of the development of local regional, and national economy, with values of sustainability based on local and authentic products, in accordance with the current trends of cultural tourism consumption.

  20. 城市文化口碑对景点品牌价值的交互式嵌入研究%Research on Interactive Embeddedness of Urban Cultural Word-of-Mouth in Tourist Attractions Brand Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭斌

    2016-01-01

    本文基于品牌信号生成与传播的视角,构建城市景点品牌生成的机制框架,通过文本分析及层次分析,评估并比较北京、上海、香港等不同城市的景点品牌分值差异,阐释城市文化口碑对景点品牌价值的交互式嵌入影响。研究表明:城市景点品牌价值以旅游竞争优势为基础,且又受城市文化口碑的嵌入与干扰;城市不同景点均体现出独特的城市文化内涵,共同组成城市文化口碑的物质载体,两者存在“俱损俱荣”的交互作用。%Based on the perspective of brand generation and communication , this paper builds formation mechanism of urban tourist attractions brand .Then, the paper compares cultural tourism brands value score of Beijing , Shanghai and Hong Kong by text analysis and analytic hierarchy process , in order to measure the difference embedding degree of urban culture word-of-mouth.This research shows that:based on cultural tourism competitive advantage , urban tourist attrac-tions brand is embedded interference of urban cultural word-of-mouth; different culture tourist attractions reflect in u-nique urban cultural characteristics , together constitute the material carrier of urban culture word-of-mouth and interact with each other .

  1. Research on Development Mode of Culture Tourism of Bohaiguo Relics%渤海国遗址文化旅游开发模式探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于洪雁

    2013-01-01

    遗址文化旅游是在保护的前提下开发遗址,将遗址资源的价值转化为旅游价值,其核心是通过遗址的地域历史文化特色,来满足旅游者的文化需求。为更好地推进渤海国遗址文化旅游,应针对目前渤海国遗址现状,创新开发模式,按照核心层(遗址本体型)、过渡层(遗址文化延展型)、外围层(遗址自然生态延展型)三个层次开发,建设遗址公园、宗教寺观、历史文化产业园、主题公园等文化旅游项目。%Historical site tourism looks to attract tourists by culture and history of relics and generate economic benefits while preserving its ruins. We are committed to developing culture tourism products in Bohaiguo Relics. And we should innovate development mode based on its realities. That is to say, we should design and build relics park, temples, history and culture park and themed park at three levels, specifically, core-level, relics based;transitional level, history and culture based;region level, sound ecology based.

  2. Ten of the World’s Top Tourist Attractions in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    AN appraisal committee consisting of 33 experts,proressorsand architects,jointly sponsored by the Beliing TourismAdministration,Beijing Cultural Relics Administration,Bei-jing Gardens and Parks Administration,Beijing Association for Cul-tural Exchange with Foreign Countries,Beijing Daily,Beijing TourismNews and Beijing Television Station,proclaimed that 10 of the world’ssuperlative tourist attractions are located in Beijing.They are:

  3. Survey on Farming Culture of Ancient Villages and Tourism Development: A Case Study of Hongjiang City in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei; FANG

    2014-01-01

    The origin of human civilization is based on agriculture and settlement,and the ancient villages preserved up to now can be rated as " museum and historical library of rural lifestyle and rural culture",which are of important historical and cultural value. Through the field survey of farming culture resources of ancient villages in Hongjiang City of Hunan Province,this article classifies and evaluates the farming culture and ancient village resources,and sets forth the following recommendations for the development of ancient village tourism: strengthening the product differentiation development; focusing on the cultivation and integration of resources; enhancing the village environmental remediation.

  4. Persepsi Wisatawan Terhadap Night Life Attraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hary Hermawan

    2017-04-01

    ABSTRACT Cabaret is a term performances of music, comedy, dance, drama, and other special mix of art perfomed by men who dressed in women (ladyboy on stage. Cabaret performances in Oyot Godhong Restaurant intended as new tourist attraction that is expected to increase the interest of tourists to visit Malioboro in Yogyakarta, especially to Oyot Godhong Restaurants. Based descriptive study shows that the characteristics travelers who viewed Kabaret show is very diverse, each of which has perceptions and motivations are different. Cabaret performances have qualified to become the cultural attractions are staged at night (night atraction in the city of Yogyakarta. Based on traveler perception indicates that the cabaret performances have beauty or aesthetics, uniqueness, and values that match the criteria criteria of the standard as a tourist attraction. Performances Cabaret in Oyot Godhong Restaurants able to increase the sale value. Oyot Godhong Restaurants previously only form of tourism facilities (amenities, but is now a restaurant that has a tourist attraction (atraction.   Keywords: Cabaret show, night life attractions, tourism attraction, tourists perception, tourism marketing

  5. 扬州文化旅游产业发展的现状及对策%The Current Situation of the Development of Cultural Tourism Industry in Yangzhou and the Corresponding Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许金如

    2012-01-01

    Keeping with the new tendency of tourism development in the world and aiming at the status quo of local cultural tourism resources in Yangzhou, this article points out the inadequacies of its cultural tourism development, such as the lack of team spirit of coordinative development among the tourist attractions, travel agencies and hotels, the insufficiency of exploration on cultural connotations at various scenic spots, the lower level of tourism - related services, and some deficiency in awareness of the city residents. Meanwhile, it presents the new strategies for cultural tourism development in Yangzhou, that is, the local government should ex- ert a strong macro-coordination function, tourism front units should play their serving parts to the full, tourism researchers should provide support and help, and the citizens should improve their level of civilization.%顺应全球旅游业发展的新趋势,结合扬州地方文化旅游资源的现状,指出扬州文化旅游开发的不足,具体为各旅游景点、旅行社、酒店之间缺乏协调发展的团队精神;对各景区、景点的文化内涵挖掘不够;与旅游相关的服务业水平不高;城市居民的文明素养有所欠缺。提出扬州文化旅游发展的新策略,既地方政府切实发挥宏观协调作用,旅游一线单位充分发挥主力服务作用,旅游科学研究者大力发挥鼎力协助作用,城市居民尽力提升文明素养层次。

  6. Cultural Territory and Identity Space: Heritage Tourism Destination Image Spatial Diffusion%文化遗产旅游地意象空间扩散研究——以苏州园林为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周永博; 沙润; 卢晓旭; 侯兵; 丁正山

    2012-01-01

    image producing costs and improve tourists traveling experience. This article makes a survey of about 10 x i04 samples to study the image distribution patterns of the cultural heritage tourist attractions in Jiangsu Province, to explore the two types of cultural heritage tourism image diffusion laws of the case sites, and to advance the heritage tourism destination image circle model and the gravity model. Accordingly, based on the different geo- graphical locations, it divides the overall tourists engaged in cultural heritage tourism destination image dis- semination into the external group, the intermediate group, interior group and core group. As a result, through targeted media integration and content integration, it tends to fully bridge up .the information gap of the cultur- al heritage tourism destination images among different tourist groups.%遗产旅游地意象是遗产旅游中主体与客体互动的桥梁,具有重要研究价值。与现场环境中的旅游者不同,身处惯常环境中的潜在旅游者往往是在信息传播帮助下形成其旅游地意象,在此过程中,时空距离和文化认同发挥着非常重要的作用。以苏州园林为例开展遗产旅游地意象扩散的实证研究,旨在探索遗产旅游地意象扩散的基本规律,为遗产旅游地意象传播提供理论导向。研究根据近万个江苏省内样本数据,分析苏州园林旅游地意象扩散的空间格局,提出遗产旅游地意象圈层模式和引力模型,为当代信息技术与遗产旅游发展双重背景下的遗产保护、文化传承和市场开拓提供依据。

  7. Tourism and territorial structure in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Gallegos

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the issue of the territorial structure of tourism in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. To do this, the study is divided into two major parts: first, theoretical aspects, given support to our analysis, and a brief history of tourism in the Northern borderlands of Mexico are presented. Then, four basic components of the territorial structure of tourism in Ciudad Juarez are examined: natural and cultural attractions, urban land-use, communications network centred around the city and visitors and tourist flows.

  8. Translating Cultural References in Tourism Discourse: the Case of the Apulian Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariacristina Petillo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to provide a reflection on cultural references in tourism discourse, highlighting the difficulties translators may face when dealing with culture-bound words (Newmark 1988: 95-102; Katan 1999: 45-65; Oltra Ripoll 2005: 76-78. On the basis of a corpus of texts belonging to different genres, this study will investigate how the lexical features described by G. Dann in terms of languaging (1996: 183 are differently displayed and distributed, and whether a different rate of languaging could be said to enhance or detract from the communicative effectiveness of the selected texts: a guidebook, a monograph and five tourist brochures about the Southern Italian region of Apulia. Some of the most relevant translation choices will be reflected upon, showing how different communicative strategies are at work and end up producing “a different emphasis and degree of explanation” (Poncini 2006: 145 in the foreign tourists’ comprehension of Apulian cultural references.

  9. The dynamization in the tourism sector through the valorization of the Goods of Cultural Patrimony Intangible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Ramón Fernández

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we seek to reflect on the relationship between heritage and tourism through the declaration of protection of property and Intangible Asset of Cultural Interest. Law 4/1998, on June 11th, the Cultural Heritage of Valencia, as amended in 2004 and 2007 includes the declaration of certain goods representative of the traditional Valencian lifestyles and culture. As well as the expressions of the traditions of the people in his musical manifestation, artistic, gastronomic and of leisure, and especially those that have been an object of oral transmission and that support and promote the use of the Valencian one. It is for it that the declaration like immaterial BIC has contemplated many of the festivities most known about our Comunitat Valenciana, such as “Las Hogueras de San Juan, “Las Fallas”, “La Cabalgata de los Reyes Magos de Alcoy, increasing the visit tourist after his declaration with the maximum protection. We will analyze, so, some of them and his relation with the tourist activity, to the being an essential element for the dynamization of the territory.

  10. Negotiating Culture, Economics and Community Politics: The Practice of Lei Yue Mun Tourism in Postcolonial Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shun-Hing Chan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on an on-going research project that examines how tourism is constructed in Hong Kong by using the specific tourist spot, Lei Yue Mun, as a case study. The article’s aim is to demonstrate how the local agents of a small, squatter-based community with a distinctive history and cultural traditions may, without making any claim to indigenousness or aboriginality, manage a local economy and engage in cultural negotiation at the metropolitan, national and global levels. Their economic practices lead the authors to enquire whether preservationism or invoking historical traditions from the margins is the most significant form or strategy of cultural tourism.

  11. Contents and assessment of basic tourism resources

    OpenAIRE

    Knezevic, Rade

    2008-01-01

    The article looks at the attractive factors of basic tourism resources and the structure of their attractions. The general term ‘resource’ refers to both natural and anthropogenic resources, while the content of this concept refers to elements used in creating a tourism product. Basic tourism resources are the most important factors of tourism processes, with a vital attribute of direct and indirect tourism resources being their substitutability. Natural (biotropic) resources are consid...

  12. Planning for sustainable tourism in southern Pulau Banggi: an assessment of biophysical conditions and their implications for future tourism development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teh, Lydia; Cabanban, Annadel S

    2007-12-01

    A priori assessments of a site's biophysical and socio-economic capacity for accommodating tourism are less common than tourism impact studies. A priori evaluations can provide a contextual understanding of ecological, economic and socio-cultural forces, which shape the prospects for sustainable tourism development at the host destination, and can avert adverse impacts of tourism. We conduct an a priori assessment of the biophysical environment of Pulau Banggi, in the Malaysian state of Sabah for sustainable tourism development. We characterise baseline conditions of the island's marine biodiversity, seasonality, and infrastructure. We then evaluate how existing biophysical conditions will influence options for sustainable tourism development. In particular, we suggest conditions, if there are any, which constitute a limit to future tourism development in terms of compatibility for recreation and resilience to visitor impacts. We find that the biggest constraint is the lack of adequate water and sanitation infrastructure. Blast fishing, although occurring less than once per hour, can potentially destroy the major attraction for tourists. We conclude that while Pulau Banggi possesses natural qualities that are attractive for ecotourism, financial and institutional support must be made available to provide facilities and services that will enable local participation in environmental protection and enhance prospects for future sustainable tourism.

  13. On the educational function of red tourism culture%红色旅游文化的教育功能探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志友

    2012-01-01

      红色旅游文化的教育功能表现在社会层面和个人层面。红色旅游文化的传播,既有利于提高全民道德修养,培育公众信仰,构建和谐社会,也有利于加强社会的审美能力,客观看待个人人生观,健全人格。要从保护红色旅游资源和开发红色旅游品牌等方面进一步发挥红色旅游文化对公众的教育作用。%  The red tourism culture's education function in social level and individual level. Red tourism culture dissemination, is conducive to The red tourism culture's education function in social level and individual level. Red tourism culture dissemination, is conducive to improve the moral cultivation, cultivation of public belief, building a harmonious society, but also conducive to strengthen the aesthetic ability, objectively treat individual values, perfect personality. Further play the educational function of red tourism culture from the protection of the red tourism resources and the development of red tourism brand.

  14. On the Application of Ceramic Culture to Tourism Development%简论景德镇陶瓷文化在旅游开发中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇华; 张庆勇; 舒利民

    2012-01-01

    The research into Jingdezhen ceramic culture and tourism are mainly reflected in two respects.One is the definition of ceramic culture,connecting material aspect to spiritual aspect.The other is the plan for ceramic culture in tourism operations.In the process of tourism operation,the ceramic culture relates to the study of city image shaping and the planning of ceramic cultural tourism products.While the ceramic cultural tourism products development includes the porcelain art and packaging design,handmade ceramic experience tourism,ceramic professional training trip,ceramic industrial tourism and so forth.Rested on the research into ceramic cultural tourism products,this paper deems that the academia should explore the development of micro ceramic cultural tourism product,and make researches into the innovative scheme of macro ceramic cultural tourism product.In this way,it can prop up the grand structure of researches into the application of ceramic cultural tourism,and work out a magnificent,perfect and elaborate vision image of tourism products.%景德镇陶瓷文化与旅游的研究主要体现在两个方面。一是陶瓷文化界定,从陶瓷文化的物质层面与精神层面结合起来讨论;二是陶瓷文化在旅游运作中的谋划。陶瓷文化在旅游运作过程中涉及旅游城市形象塑造的研究与陶瓷文化旅游产品规划的研究。陶瓷文化旅游产品规则包括旅游瓷的艺术设计与包装、手工制瓷体验旅游、陶瓷专业研修之旅、陶瓷工业旅游等。基于上述陶瓷文化旅游产品研究,本文认为学界既要进行微观的陶瓷文化旅游产品开发的探讨,更要进行宏观的陶瓷文化旅游产品的创意方案研究,这样才能架构起陶瓷文化旅游应用研究的宏大框架,由此才能勾画出一个宏阔、完善与详尽的陶瓷文化旅游产品远景图像。

  15. A Cross-cultural Comparison of Weekend–trips in Religious Tourism: Insights from two cultures, two countries (India and Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiran A. Shinde

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explains peculiarities, significance, and universality of weekend-trips as significant form of religious tourism using a comparative analysis of this phenomenon in two pilgrimage sites from two different cultures (and countries, namely, Vrindavan in India and the Shrine of Santimissi Medici in Italy. The findings derived from a case-study approach and visitors’ survey method confirm that religious tourism falls under the more general category of leisure and that visitors who flock to these places on weekends do not coincide either with general models proposed in the extant literature, nor can they be assimilated to the conventional categories of pilgrims and/or tourists. While highlighting the similarities and differences in the two cases, the paper proposes that weekend visitors are best described as religious tourists: visitors who use tourism as a means to fulfill a predominant religious motive in visiting a destination they consider religious or sacred. The analysis based on the concept of weekend-trips helps to explore nuances of religious tourism which can be used for better planning and management in religious tourism destinations.

  16. 论旅游文化中的导译%The guide interpreter in the cultural tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁闯

    2012-01-01

      In this paper, according to the guide interpreter features in the process of cross-cultural tourism, the writer divide and studies the roles of the guide interpreter in the cultural tourism from the a macro point of view, ranging from the aspects of tourist business types, the cultural content degree to the content of translation service. In addition the writer research into the strategies of the guide interpreter in cultural tourism.%  本文主要根据跨文化旅游过程中译者工作的特点,从导译工作的较为宏观的角度出发,从旅游接待业务的类型、文化含量程度以及导译服务的内容几方面来划分研究旅游文化中译者的角色;探讨了旅游文化及其环境下的导译人员的翻译策略。

  17. Analysis of factors affecting repeat visit to a cultural attraction: an application to the Museum of Antioquia

    OpenAIRE

    Brida, Juan Gabriel; Monterubbianesi, Pablo Daniel; Zapata Aguirre, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    This study analyzes the behavior of repeat visitors to a cultural resource, in this case the Museum of Antioquia in Medellin (Colombia), by estimating travel cost model. The empirical results highlight issues such as women are more likely to re-visit the museum that age is also an important variable as is the employment status of visitors and income level. These results are a key tool to the strategic positioning of the museum and cultural tourism. A brief discussion is presented as well as m...

  18. The Sustainable Tourism Management of Cultural Heritage: the Case of the Rosas Mine in Sardinia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Cannas

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the management of an ex mine complex listed as a UNESCO geopark, located in Sardinia (Italy, in which cultural and hospitality services are provided for visitors. First, it aims to explore a local community’s attempt to re-appropriate its former mining territory and seek a tailor-made sustainable development approach to manage its cultural and industrial heritage. Then, it analyses the organisational framework and sustainable management model of the Rosas mine village aimed at generating value both for local people and tourists, within a broader conceptual framework in which the tangible and intangible resources that comprise a milieu are crucial for implementing sustainable tourism development policies. The study was carried out using a qualitative approach, and methods adopted included case-study research and interviews with stakeholders. The main result reveals the performance of a challenging business model, based on a novel approach to the management of public-private heritage in a depressed area, inspired by the sustainable reinvention of its local heritage. The purpose of the study was to investigate a case of sustainable management heritage that might be applied in similar contexts. It may hopefully be the basis for future investigation as a case in itself, and for comparative research particularly in sustainable business models for heritage management.

  19. RESIDENTS' ATTITUDES TO TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN ANCIENT VILLAGE RESORTS--Case Study of World Cultural Heritage of Xidi and Hong Villages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Li; LU Lin; TONG Shi-rong; LU Song; YANG Zhao; WANG Yong; LIANG Dong-dong

    2004-01-01

    Tourism development surely has social, economic and environmental impacts on tourist destinations.The study on resorts residents' attitudes can help understand the nature of tourism development and the extent to which it may influence on tourist destinations. By now, researches on residents' perception and attitudes are plenteous in the international circle and achievements are great, yet few are found in developing countries. As a most representative cultural tourist destination, World Cultural Heritage-Xidi and Hong villages in Yi County of Anhui Province, are drawing the attention of both tourists and academic circles. This article, taking Xidi and Hong villages as examples, seeks to analyze ancient village residents' attitudes towards tourism impacts and then tries further to explore the connection between tourism development and residents' attitudes. Both qualitative and quantitative surveys are applied in the exploratory investigation into local residents' attitudes of tourism impacts. Based on abundant face-to-face interviews with the local households, tourism enterprises concerned, local government and tourists from July to August of 2002, we are able to have a better understanding of local residents' attitudes to community life, and perception of tourism impacts on society, economy and environment. By this we can promote domestic study on resorts residents' attitudes, and provide some theoretical grounds for establishing tourism development planning and perfect community participation system at tourist destinations.

  20. ROMANIA TOURISM PROSPECTS AND RESULTS ACHIEVED IN RECENT YEARS IN TERMS OF EUROPEAN COMPETITIVENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constanta ENEA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Romania is among the countries with the most diversified tourism products due to the natural resources it holds, the unique flora and fauna biodiversity in Europe. We can say that it is still a largely agricultural country with a generous rural area that offers attractive scenery and Opportunities for rural tourism development. Also in Romania is the third of the natural springs in Europe and 117 localities have natural therapeutic that such element as water, sewage, gas and more. Another tourist attraction, but this time the season is the Romanian coastline, stretching area of 245 km over year, from the Danube Delta in the north to the border with Bulgaria, with long stretches of beach, with tourist resorts and major ports. And last but not least, it must be Remembered cultural heritage of our country has 30 monuments included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, Including the wooden churches of Maramures, Painted Churches of Moldavia and Dacian Fortresses drastically. To get a good profit from the tourism industry and to counter the economic crisis, Romania should successfully promote four types of tourism: rural and ecological tourism, cultural tourism, health tourism and spa tourism business respectively. This paper describing the content focuses on opportunities these forms of tourism in our country.

  1. 冰嬉旅游文化产品开发研究%Research on Developing the Ice-Play Culture Production of Ice-Snow Culture Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海英; 张洪宝; 郭胜昌

    2011-01-01

    The essence of ice-snow tourism is to have a culture communion.From the viewpoint of culture,the paper scans the ice-snow resources by reviewing the ice-snow culture history in Chinese traditional culture.To develop some new production of ice-snow culture tourism is significant for digging the culture connotation of ice-snow tourism,enriching the content of ice-snow tourism and promoting Chinese traditional culture.After reviewing the ice-play culture in time and space,it indicates that the ice-play of annual national grand ceremony in Qing dynasty,which was appointed as "Chinese custom" by Qianlong emperor,has admirable development value with the full-bodied localization and primitive simplicity.Basing on the principle of developing the culture production of experiencing ice-snow tourism,it suggests combining the traditional ice-play culture with modern ice-snow tourism,highlighting the culture connotation of ice-snow tourism,developing the public participation type ice-play culture production of ice-snow tourism by confirming the core value of culture production,protruding the truth of accessory production,creating the supportive production and extending the expanding production.%冰雪旅游的本质是文化交流,从文化的角度审视冰雪资源,追溯其中国传统文化的历史渊源,开发冰雪文化旅游新产品,对于挖掘冰雪旅游的文化内涵,丰富冰雪旅游的内容,弘扬中华民族传统文化具有重要意义。通过对冰嬉文化进行时间和空间上的审视,指出被乾隆皇帝定位为"国俗"的清朝每年一次的国家大典冰嬉活动,具有浓郁的本土性和古朴性,具有极高的开发价值。以开发体验式冰雪旅游文化产品为原则,将传统的冰嬉文化与现代冰雪旅游相结合,突出冰雪旅游产品文化内涵的外在显化,从确定产品核心文化价值、突出配置性产品的真实性、打造支持性产品和延伸拓展性产品4个层次开发大众参与型冰嬉冰雪文化旅游产品。

  2. DARK TOURISM - NEW FORM OF TOURISM IN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Rabontu Cecilia Irina; Vasile Madalina Cristina

    2014-01-01

    It is discussing,increasingly more often, in contemporary tourism, about new elements that enhances the appearance and development of new forms of tourism, including dark tourism which is based on the increasingly desire of modern tourist to achieve spiritual journeys, which have as attractions- deaths, disasters, atrocities, torture methods and other such issues. This subject has awoke our interest because we can find in Romania demand for this form of tourism but also various po...

  3. Exploring empowerment within the Gullah Geechee cultural heritage corridor: implications for heritage tourism development in the Lowcountry

    Science.gov (United States)

    B. Bynum Boley; Cassandra Johnson Gaither

    2015-01-01

    While scholarship on the Gullah Geechee (GG) people has been extensive, little research has examined heritage tourism’s potential to empower or disempower the GG. In an attempt to shed light on this, the Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor (GGCHC) was chosen as a case-study site because of its 2006 designation by Congress to protect and promote the unique...

  4. Tourism as a paradox creative sector from socio-cultural perspective: A sociological analysis on Dalyan destination

    OpenAIRE

    F. Özlem Güzel

    2013-01-01

    While the local people and tourists being in a confrontation is a desirable situation during the tourism activities’ which has economic income and employment creation impact, taking places on the destinations of which the starting point to be their natural and historical resources, it could emerge as a situation that creates paradoxes as well as, on the regions where the necessary socio-cultural awareness is no generated on the local people. In this context, the purpose of this study is to ev...

  5. Observatoire de tourisme et de culture comme stratégie mise en valeur du développement régional Observatory of culture and tourism as a development strategy of regional development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edegar Luis Tomazzoni

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article aborde la création du projet Observatoire de Tourisme et Culture de la Serra Gaúcha qui, dans son étape initiale, inclut les dix villes de l'Agglomération Urbaine nord-est de l'État de Rio Grande Do Sul (AUNe. La création de l'Observatoire a été prévue dans le projet de Valorisation du Tourisme Intégré à l'Identité Culturelle des Territoires (VICTUR, financé par le Programme URB-AL, de la Commission Européenne. Le programme de Maîtrise en Tourisme de l’Université de Caxias do Sul coordonne et développe les activités de recherche de l'Observatoire, dont l'objectif principal est de contribuer au développement régional, par un processus de socialisation de connaissances, au moyen d’un portal électronique (www.observatur.org.br. L'initiative démontre la possible coopération et la présence réelle d’échanges entre les organismes publics et privés pour la réalisation de projets d'intérêts communs qui mettent en valeur le capital social régional.This article discusses the creation of Project Monitoring Tourism and Culture of the Serra Gaucha, which in its initial stage, includes the ten cities of the urban north-eastern state of Rio Grande Do Sul (ELL. The creation of the Observatory has been provided in the proposed Integrated Tourism Enhancement of the Cultural Identity Territories (victuri, funded by the URB-AL, the European Commission. The program in Tourism Degree from the University of Caxias do Sul coordinates and develops research activities of the Observatory, whose main objective is to contribute to regional development, um process of socialization of knowledge, by means of an electronic portal (www.observatur.org.br. The initiative demonstrates the cooperation and the possible presence of real exchange between public and private projects of common interests that enhance the regional capital.

  6. The aim and participation of scientific tourism in evaluation, recognition and widening of the country's historical and cultural heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tashchyan, Davit

    2015-07-01

    Though the phenomenon of scientific tourism is widely spread in the USA and Europe, it is a new branch in Armenian tourism. The aim of the scientific tourism is to establish relationship between the tourist and the scientist, without the tourist having any material interest. The main aim is to involve the tourist in the scientific works, giving him a chance to be a part of the expedition. One of the main goals is also to involve the local tourist in the exploration of the historical and cultural heritage. It is important to mention that besides having the chance to take part in the scientific exploration, they also enjoy the time. It gives an opportunity to make the relation between the tourist and the scientist more strengthen, and let them partnering for future. The scientific tourism gives the scientist an opportunity to get new volunteers to make it wide known for the society. What refers to a tourist it is a good chance for him to be a part of a scientific exploration, to satisfy his own interest, to get new knowledge, and take part in the development of his own country.

  7. Innovating for Sustainable Cultures and Clean Tech by Communication in Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    In the paper we track the predominant outline of greening the tourism trade and follow the previous regional sustainable tourism activities of Region Zealand, Denmark where our project is rooted. Then we present the reversed strategy we have followed in the R&D project: Eco Learning Experiences ,...

  8. 太原市文化旅游产业发展模式探讨%Explorations on the Development Mode of Cultural Tourism in Taiyuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彬彬

    2012-01-01

    文化是旅游的灵魂,旅游是文化传播的有利手段。文化产业与旅游产业结合而成的文化旅游产业将成为挖掘地方文化、推动旅游业发展、调整经济结构、发展地方经济的重要手段。太原市可参照以晋商文化、潮州文化等区域文化旅游产业为代表的成功模式,推出具有自身特色的文化旅游发展模式。%Culture is the soul of tourism,and tourism is an effective way to spread culture.Cultural and tourist business,which comes from the combination of cultural business and tourist business,will be an important approach to develop local culture,promote tourism industry,adjust economic structure,and promote local economy.In Taiyuan,we can refer to the modes of some representative cultural tourism such as Jin-merchant culture and Chaozhou culture,so as to promote our own cultural tourism to develop in a new mode with unique feature.

  9. Strategic Evaluation of Kenya’s Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀蔚

    2008-01-01

    1. Introduction Currently, tourism plays a major role in the world economy and has become more important in some countries endowed a variety of tourism attractions. Kenya, which is an East African country, continu- ously outpaces its neighbour countries on tourism industry. In Kenya, tourism industry, as the largest single export earner, is one of vital

  10. Tourism Equilibrium Price Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Mohebi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: A review of the tourism history shows that tourism as an industry was virtually unknown in Malaysia until the late 1960s. Since then, it has developed and grown into a major industry, making an important contribution to the country's economy. By allocating substantial funds to the promotion of tourism and the provision of the necessary infrastructure, the government has played an important role in the impressive progress of the Malaysian tourism industry. One of the important factors which can attract tourists to Malaysia is the tourism price. Has the price of tourism decreased? To answer this question, it is necessary to obtain the equilibrium prices as well as the yearly trend for Malaysia during the sample period as it will be useful for analysis of the infrastructure situation of the tourism industry in this country. The purpose of the study is to identify equilibrium tourism price trends in Malaysian tourism market. Approach: We use hotel room as representative of tourism market. Quarterly data from 1995-2009 are used and a dynamic model of simultaneous equation is employed. Results: Based on the result during the period of 1995 until 2000, the growth rate of the equilibrium price was greater than consumer price index and producer price index. Conclusion: In the Malaysian tourism market, new infrastructure during this period had not been developed to keep pace with tourist arrivals.

  11. Implications of climate change for tourism in Australia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amelung, B.; Nicholls, S.

    2014-01-01

    This study assesses the impacts of projected climate change on Australia's tourism industry. Based on application of the Tourism Climatic Index, it investigates potential changes in climatic attractiveness for Australia's major destinations, and discusses implications for tourist flows and tourism

  12. 皖江茶文化旅游资源整合与开发研究%Integration and Development of Tea Culture Tourism Resources along Wanjiang River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪辉进; 陈慧芳

    2016-01-01

    随着当前我国名山名水旅游、乡村生态旅游、红色区域旅游、现代农业旅游等特色旅游旳蓬勃发展,如何开发整合皖江茶文化资源,加快其旅游的步伐,促进茶业与旅游经济共同发展,是承接东西产业转移的重要问题. 经调查研究,文章特提出:挖掘徽茶文化与佛禅文化资源,打造茶旅新品牌;整合二山一湖茶文化旅游路线,拓宽旅游渠道;筑建皖江茶文化旅游长廊工程等三大发展战略,以期推动皖江茶文化产业提质增效,实现可持续发展.%The boom of mountain and river sightseeing,ecological country tourism,red area tourism and modern agriculture tourism makes it an urgent issue in industrial transference from the East to the West to integrate the tea culture tourism resources in the area along Wanjiang River,step up its tourism development,promote the mutual growth of tea and tourism economy.Based on research and surveys,this paper proposes three strategies to motivate the sustainable development of the tea industry in this region:combine Anhui tea culture and Bud-dhism culture and create a new brand of tea tourism;integrate itineraries of the two mountains and one lake in this are to expand tourism channels,and build a Wanjiang River Tea Culture Corridor to promote tourism.

  13. 四川世界遗产地饮食文化资源旅游开发构想%The Tourism Exploitation Conception of Diet Culture Resources of World Heritage Site in Sichuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑛

    2013-01-01

    The diet culture resources of world heritage site in Sichuan have rich connotation and distinct personality because of their long history and special regional conditions.The exploitation of diet culture resources of world heritage site as tourism component have development effectiveness,but the exploitation as tourist attractions lack specifications and culture quality.To coordinate development with protection of diet culture resources and strengthen characteristics as tourist attraction,the paper offers tourism exploitation conception,including collecting,sorting,screening diet culture resources; planning the exploitation of culture resources with reason; cultivating diet culture brand of word heritage site; actively declaring diet culture heritage; strengthening personnel training.%四川世界遗产地悠久的历史和特殊的地域条件孕育出内涵丰富且个性鲜明的饮食文化.为取得四川世界遗产地饮食文化资源开发与保护的平衡并强化其作为旅游吸引物的特征,文章提出旅游开发构想:对饮食文化资源进行收集、整理、筛选;对饮食文化资源进行合理开发规划;培育遗产地饮食文化品牌;积极申报饮食类非物质文化遗产;加强饮食文化发展创新人才培养.

  14. Challenges, responses and partnership for achieving sustainable tourism and heritage preservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maksin Marija

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The process of globalization has created the situation where the expectations of tourists are the same both with respect to the quality of services in all destinations and with respect to the authencity based on local attractions and experiences, which should be unique and different for each destination. The key element in maintaining destination attractiveness is the protection and presentation of natural and cultural heritage and its sustainable utilization for tourism development. The sustainability concept is of equal importance for long-term tourism development, destination competitiveness and heritage protection. The paper deals with the main challenges to achieving sustainable tourism and points to some key responses to them. Participation, cooperation and partnership should be a vital prerequisite for the implementation and performance of sustainable tourism and heritage protection. This attitude has been tested on several examples of good practice in heritage protection and the sustainable development of tourism destinations in Serbia. .

  15. Services in support of promoting territorial tourism and culture: the living lab project EPULIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenica Suma

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The project “Enjoy Puglia using Ubiquitous technology in Landscape Interactive Adventures” (EPULIA is aimed at the development of a platform populated by innovative and technological applications in which users can enjoy entertainment and educational contents in an interactive way, by means of multimedia and mobile technology. The platform, through the support of the skills of SMEs (LifeResult, Info.Sist and Cedimpresa and the Research Laboratory (Consortium CETMA in terms of research and experimentation, aims to provide services for supporting the promotion of the cultural tourism of Apulia, and provides information and contents of interest for tourists, including routes and itineraries, with the definition of real interactive and geo-referenced maps and information on available accommodation. The platform will provide tourists with added value in information retrieval: using modern devices, equipped with GPS, the multi-channel services will offer and unify contents that might otherwise be disseminated using Internet sites and portals.

  16. DESIGNS MATTER: Delivering Information Sources for Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margie A. Nolasco

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Tourism has benefits not just for travelers, but also to the local economy. Since, Bicol Region has natural and cultural attractions; it is a potential travel destination in the country. Technology in delivering information sources played vital role for the success of the tourism industry in the Region. This allows travel enthusiasts to get more information about various tourist attractions. This paper analyzes the effectiveness of delivering information sources such as web advertisement and desktop publishing for tourist promotion in the Bicol Region. Specifically, it determined the status of tourism, and identified common forms of promotions for tourism development. The study adopted mixed method of research. This method was utilized to confirm and validate findings. Interviews and focus group discussions were used to gather data from the respondents of the selected Local Government Units, Department of Tourism, Travel Agencies and Hotel Agents in the Region. Based on the findings, of the total foreign visitors in the country, only 9.14% visited Bicol Region in 2014. That is why, domestic tourist showed high percentage against foreign visitors with 25.7%. Brochures with EZ maps as most commonly used desktop publishing materials and websites and social media for web advertisement. Thus, there is a need to reevaluate promotional activities by the DOT and other agencies. Adoption suggestive features for creative desktop publishing materials and web services should be considered to increase tourist visitors in the Region.

  17. Innovating for Sustainable Cultures and Clean Tech by Communication in Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    In the paper we track the predominant outline of greening the tourism trade and follow the previous regional sustainable tourism activities of Region Zealand, Denmark where our project is rooted. Then we present the reversed strategy we have followed in the R&D project: Eco Learning Experiences...... , as strategic targeting the commercial products in content and form by breeding a niche market for learning eco-tourism. We introduce the niche forming meta-strategy used in the commercial and in the R&D parts along the product-service chain. To this we reflect upon designing or staging eco-experiences in a way...

  18. Negotiating Culture, Economics and Community Politics: The Practice of Lei Yue Mun Tourism in Postcolonial Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This article is based on an on-going research project that examines how tourism is constructed in Hong Kong by using the specific tourist spot, Lei Yue Mun, as a case study. The article’s aim is to demonstrate how the local agents of a small, squatter-based community with a distinctive history and cultural traditions may, without making any claim to indigenousness or aboriginality, manage a local economy and engage in cultural negotiation at the metropolitan, national and global levels....

  19. TRENDS IN ROMANIAN TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pirjol Florentina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is an industry of the future, having the potential to provide significant revenues, and an industry of 'beauty', because it will protect, preserve and contribute to arranging the environment affected by other human activities. This is why it is very important to know the evolution of this underdeveloped field in our country. This paper is intended as a study on current trends in Romanian tourism without any claim of being an exhaustive research on the industry, describing the main indices of tourist traffic and their influence on Romanian tourism. Nowadays, we witness three main trends in Romanian tourism: sustainability, ecotourism and the increasing presence of cultural tourism. Ecotourism, as a form of tourism, has emerged from people's need to withdraw in nature, to visit and learn about the natural areas which have or have not a national or international protection status. Cultural tourism appears as a type of tourism clearly differentiated from other forms or types of tourism, particularly through motivation. It can be defined as a form of tourist mobility whose primary goal is broadening the horizon of knowledge by uncovering its architectural and artistic heritage and the areas in which it originates. Sustainability for tourism, as for other industries, has three independent aspects: economic, socio-cultural and environmental. Sustainability implies permanence, which means that sustainable tourism requires the optimal use of resources, minimizing the negative economic, socio-cultural and ecological impact, maximizing the benefits upon local communities, national economies and conservation of nature. Regarding statistical data, in what quantity is concerned, there is an increase in Romanian tourism, but in what quality is concerned there is a setback for tourism in the last years. This aspect should make public authorities take concern in improving the infrastructure and the quality of the touristical activity and in diversifying

  20. 旅游英语翻译文化对接问题的探讨%Probelems into Cross-culture Integration in Tourism Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶

    2012-01-01

    Chinese tourism industry booms with development of Chinese opening-up policy. On the other hand, tourism translation is short of professionals, and the level of tourism translation is beyond satisfactory. This paper compares linguistic charaeeristcs of Chinese tourism text with English tourism text, analyzes pseudo- equivalence phenomenon in tourism translation from a cross-culture perspective, and puts forward strategies to deal with cross-culture integration in tourism translation.%随着对外开放步伐的加快,中国旅游业飞速发展,但是旅游英语翻译缺乏专门人才,翻译质量不尽人意,翻译中文化不对等现象较为普遍。因此,译者应对汉英旅游资料的语言特征和差异有所把握,并以跨文化的视角剖析旅游英语翻译中的伪对等现象,处理好旅游英语文化对接的问题。

  1. Selling culture? Between commoditisation and cultural control in Indigenous alternative tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Las culturas indígenas son turísticamente significativas, pero sus portadores han sido sistemáticamente excluidos de sus beneficios y control. En contra de ello algunas organizaciones indígenas han incursionado en el turismo eco -cultural alternativo. Su nicho de mercado es social y ecológicamente consciente pero aún así se espera “autenticidad” basada en ideologías postcolonialistas. Para tener éxito el turismo alternativo requiere manejar las tensiones entre cultura e identidades propias y ...

  2. CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS FOR TOURISM IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin POSTELNICU

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Tourism in Romania has witnessed in recent years a sinuous evolution marked to a great extent by a multitude of private initiatives and to a lesser extent by strategic coordination at governmental and regional level, respectively. The development of tourism is somewhat chaotic and unplanned, devoid of any inclusive, holistic vision concerning the correlation between transport infrastructure investments and investments in accommodation and tourist destinations. This led to a paradoxical situation in which areas with great tourism potential (e.g. the Danube Delta are hardly accessible to foreign tourists/tourists from faraway regions. The attraction of such tourists is accomplished by primitive means, without any strategic thinking or appropriate planning. The authorities’ great disinterest and disengagement notwithstanding, Romania as a tourist destination possesses some major advantages stemming from its high potential for development in various directions. Entire tourism sectors (spa-based, mountain, cultural tourism etc. are not yet exploited at maximum capacity while tourism initiatives undertaken by various entities are not sufficiently developed. In this paper, the authors attempt to highlight the main strategic development directions of tourism in Romania, pointing to Romania’s major advantages as a tourist destination and drawing attention to the primary courses of action that must carefully be considered by decision makers in developing a viable tourism strategy.

  3. INDUSTRIAL TOURISM IN GERMANY : SITUATION , WEAKNESES AND CHALENGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dietrich Soyez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Industrial tourism, i.e. visiting both active and historic industrial plants (or their historical remains, has been a growing sector in tourism for years, but is nevertheless unlikely to lose its “niche” character... Today it is generally offered under the general heading of cultural tourism, and in this context is often also marketed as active or adventurous tourism (and associated with educational aims, both in marked contrast to the traditional relaxing holiday. The forms of supply and demand that have developed in industrial tourism are of growing significance both for historic and active industrial regions, as suchtourism can provide very positive stimuli for structural policy, regional economies and reputations. Recently, remarkable industrial tourism destinations (industrial Brand Worlds have emerged both in the old industrialised countries of Europe and North America andin Newly Industrialising Countries/NICs, e.g. in Asia. Many of these destinations need notfear comparison with the attractiveness of classical destinations for national or eveninternational tourism, and a few leading industrial sites already have impressive visitor numbers.After a brief overview of the current state of supply and demand in industrial tourism inGermany, the following points will form the focus of the analysis:–– Suppression of controversial and darkaspects of industrialisation (especially intimes of war, annexation and occupation–– Innovations (particularly in the formof so-called Brand Worlds, e.g. in theautomobile industry.

  4. Selling culture? Between commoditisation and cultural control in Indigenous alternative tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Coronado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las culturas indígenas son turísticamente significativas, pero sus portadores han sido sistemáticamente excluidos de sus beneficios y control. En contra de ello algunas organizaciones indígenas han incursionado en el turismo eco -cultural alternativo. Su nicho de mercado es social y ecológicamente consciente pero aún así se espera “autenticidad” basada en ideologías postcolonialistas. Para tener éxito el turismo alternativo requiere manejar las tensiones entre cultura e identidades propias y las que el mercado demanda. Mediante la noción de control cultural evalúo cómo proyectos alternativos en México y Perú afrontan, en sus propios términos, el desafío de la mercantilización de cultura y naturaleza. Para comprender las paradojas a que se enfrentan analizo sus representaciones culturales, identidades organizativas y alianzas a través de una lectura etnográfica de sus historias en la Red.

  5. Integration of the geomorphological environment and cultural heritage for tourism promotion: a case study from Gozo (Maltese Islands)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coratza, Paola; Gauci, Ritienne; Schembri, John A.; Soldati, Mauro; Tonelli, Chiara

    2015-04-01

    The paper aims to highlight the unique integration of natural and cultural heritage within the Dwejra area, a site of outstanding scenery located along the NW coast of the Island of Gozo (Malta). Dwejra displays a great variety of geological and geomorphological features as well as unusual and unique ecological systems, concentrated in a relatively small and remoteness area. The landscape is made of a large set of landforms created by several processes: karst dissolution, forming at least four solution subsidence structures in the area; fluvial processes (marked by the presence of perennial freshwater pools), seepage from cliffs, waterfall and several dry valley systems (widien); marine erosion processes as evidenced by the great variety of features, including with sea-caves, tunnel, arches, stacks and reefs. The presence of cultural features spanning from rubble walls and rural structures, to cart-ruts of unknown age and structures of the 19th Century enrich the interest in the area and allow it to become a landmark of cultural importance to the history of the island as a whole. This unique combination of geological l.s., cultural and biological heritage contributes in making Dwejra a site of extraordinary scientific importance and heritage value, an ideal tourist destination for fostering a varied form of geotourism. In perspective of tourism promotion and geoconservation measures, this paper aims at highlighting how the integration of environmental and cultural heritage aspects makes the Dwejra area a site of remarkable value to be promoted for a more holistic and varied tourism.

  6. A Development Research of Ceramic Culture Tourism in Dehua from the Perspective of Creative Tourism%创意旅游视阈下德化陶瓷文化旅游发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕艳伟; 郑耀星

    2012-01-01

    The emergence of creative tourism is the necessary choice that the tourism industry accommodates to the new change of market demand when the world enter the knowledge-based economy and the experience economy age. Dehua, as one of three major ceramic capital in China and one of the birthplace of Ceramic culture of China, plays an important role on the development of the ceramic culture history in China. In this paper, based on the related concepts of the creative tourism and analysis of relationship between cultural tourism and ereative tourism, we researched the current situation of Ceramic culture tourism in Dehua, proposed the countermeasure and suggestion of developmental protection of ceramic culture tourism in Dehua from the perspective of creative tourism, and explored its industry value as one of the Intangible cultural Heritage.%创意旅游是旅游产业适应市场变化的必然选择,德化作为中国的三大瓷都之一,陶瓷文化旅游正在兴起.本文期冀以创意旅游引领德化陶瓷文化旅游的突破和升级,开发其作为非物质文化遗产的价值,并为闽台非物质文化遗产的传承与保护性旅游利用研究提供案例借鉴.文章借用文献分析和田野调查法、定性定量研究和跨文化比较研究法,分析了创意旅游内涵及其与文化旅游的关系,对陶瓷文化旅游相关概念及发展模式进行研究,继而对德化陶瓷文化产业和旅游发展现状进行了分析并提出了对策建议,最后,得出了创意旅游视域下德化陶瓷文化旅游发展模式.

  7. On Imagebuilding of Cultural Brand in Tourist Attractions%浅谈旅游景点文化品牌塑造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白加德

    2012-01-01

    在当前旅游市场竞争日益激烈的形势下,旅游业进入了品牌竞争的时代,丰富的文化内涵已成为提升旅游价值的重要元素。从旅游文化的概念、内容、内涵入手,对文化在旅游业发展中产生的意义和效应进行阐述,探讨打造旅游旅游景点文化品牌的思路和途径。%As tourism market competition become increasingly intense, the tourism industry has entered the period of brand competition. The rich cultural connotation is the important elements in elevating tourism value. Based on the con- cepts, contents and connotation of tourism culture, the paper discusses the significance and the effect of culture in the de- velopment of tourism. The idea and approach of building cultural brand also has been explored in the paper.

  8. 体验视角下南通长寿饮食文化旅游产品开发%Research on Longevity Food Culture Tourism Product Development in Nantong from the Perspective of Tourism Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾小光; 孙攀; 高玉梅

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyses the basic principles of product development based on the perspective of tourism experience .There are some problems in longevity food culture tourism development in Nantong .We can pro-mote the tourism industry in four effective ways:innovating culture theme ,paying attention to the scene design and creating a realistic experience situation ,designing participatory tourism projects and expanding tourism in-dustry chain ,and organizing large-scale theme festivals and establishing brand image .%文章分析了旅游体验视角下产品开发的基本原则,指出南通长寿饮食文化旅游发展中存在的不足,提出可以通过创新产品的文化主题,注重场景设计、营造逼真的体验情境,开发参与性旅游项目、拓展旅游产业链,举办大型的主题节庆活动、树立品牌形象等4种有效途径来提升旅游产业。

  9. TOURISM AND TERRORISM: A WORLDWIDE PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Elena ALBU

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We live in a society marked by major changes in the tourism field. Tourist destinations make all possible efforts to best promote their tourist offer and attract as different tourist categories as there might be. However, these tourist destinations are sometimes associated with terrorist attacks that can turn a famous tourist area into a highly avoided one. Terrorism may be permanently detrimental to a tourist destination on both social and economic levels. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the impact that terrorist attacks have on tourism around the globe. The research method used for the achievement of this article is documentary research. Through the proportions and forms that it has taken, terrorism has become one of the more and more active and threatening calamities that affect the international community. For some organizations, terrorism has become a means of solving their political, cultural and religious problems, taking tourism as a niche through which they can carry out their targets.

  10. De “Turistas” y “Viajeros” en el mundo trasnacional: retos, desafíos y problemas del turismo cultural-patrimonial “Touristes” et “Voyageurs” dans un monde transnational : enjeux, défis et problématiques du tourisme culturel et patrimonial “Tourists” and “Traverlers” in a transnacional World: Issues, Challenges, and Problems of Cultural and Heritage Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Lacarrieu

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto actual, en el que la Organización Mundial del Turismo vaticina el constante incremento del turismo, se habla, con más frecuencia que antes, del turismo cultural. Algunos especialistas especulan que el “turismo de/con identidad” –como también se lo denomina- viene avanzando por sobre el “turismo de sol y playa”. Sin embargo, la visión cuantitativista suele prevalecer respecto de la cualitativista, al mismo tiempo en que se consolidan ciertas naturalizaciones, como la relación estrecha que se ha establecido entre turismo cultural y patrimonio –particularmente en los últimos años, con el patrimonio “inmaterial”-. Es nuestro interés en este artículo, desnaturalizar cierta visión y los “lugares comunes” que contribuyen en la desproblematización del campo y de la noción. Es nuestro objetivo reflexionar críticamente sobre qué es y qué se espera del turismo cultural, el lugar que se otorga al turismo cultural en relación a los niveles de trasnacionalización y localización, focalizando en su vínculo problemático con el patrimonio y sobre la noción de autenticidad, cualidad visualizada como requisito imprescindible e indiscutible en la definición tanto del turismo como del patrimonio cultural. Dicha problematización será realizada desde el análisis complejo de diversas situaciones empíricas vinculadas a América Latina.In the current context of growing tourist flows, the theme of cultural tourism is an ever important. Some experts believe that the "identity tourism" -as it is sometimes called-, will attract renewed interest at the expense of traditional seaside tourism. However, vision quantitativist generally outweighs the approach qualitative.Dans the same time, there is a reconciliation that occurs between tourism and cultural heritage (especially in recent years with an "intangible heritage".Our interest in this article is to deconstruct a vision, made of "platitudes" where this field of

  11. Discussion on the Building of Corporate Culture in Tourism Scenic Area%试论旅游景区企业文化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周义龙

    2011-01-01

    Efforts to strengthen the management of tourist attractions, build scenic spot the corporate culture, is becoming the primary problem of numerous scenic spot that needs to be solved. In this paper on the basis of careful analysis and discussion of the tourism corporate culture, puts forward the scenic spot the strategy of the construction of the corporate culture: establish people-oriented concept, competition consciousness, the" customer first" philosophy, social sense of responsibility, the innovation spirit environmental protection consciousness and brand awareness.%努力加强旅游景区管理,构建景区企业文化,成为众多旅游景区需要解决的首要问题。本文在对旅游景区企业文化认真分析和探讨的基础上,进一步提出旅游景区企业文化建设的策略:树立以人为本的观念、竞争意识、“顾客至上”的理念、社会责任感、创新精神、环保意识和品牌意识。

  12. Development of Celebrity Cultural Tourism Resources from Perspective of Experience Tourism%体验旅游视角下名人文化旅游资源的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟英伟

    2014-01-01

    论述了名人文化旅游资源的概念、开发意义、开发形式与对策,体验旅游的定义、特点、类型、开发原则和对策。体验旅游视角下,名人文化旅游资源的开发具有参与性、真实性、文化差异性和市场导向的原则,名人文化旅游资源的开发对策有个性化设计产品、挖掘名人文化内涵、设计场景调动旅游者积极性、策划参与项目、开发名人文化旅游纪念品、留住体验记忆、完善导游讲解系统。%Summarizes the concept of celebrity culture tourism resources, the meaning, the form and the countermeasures of development. Summarizes the experience tourism’s definition, characteristics, types, design principles and development strategies. In the experience tourism perspective, the development of celebrity culture tourism resources should meet partici-pation, authenticity, cultural differences and market-oriented principles. the development of countermeasures celebrity tourism resources, that are the market-oriented, dig celebrity culture connotation, design personalized of participation projects and souvenirs, perfect tour guide system.

  13. Celebrity Culture Tourism Development Research in Meizhou City under the Perspective of Cultural and Creative Industries%文化创意产业视角下梅州市名人文化旅游开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓琼芬

    2016-01-01

    虽然梅州市名人文化旅游资源丰富,但是其名人文化旅游产品面临文化含量不足、创新意识不够的问题。旅游业与文化创意产业具有先天的产业融合优势,因此借鉴文化创意产业理念,提出名人文化旅游与文化创意产业融合模式,在此基础上,梅州市应从培育文化创意环境、提炼文化创意元素、采取多种名人文化创意旅游开发模式三方面来发展名人文化旅游。%Although rich in celebrity culture tourism resources in Meizhou City, but it faces the problem of shortage of cultural content and insufficient awareness of innovation. Tourism and cultural and creative industries have inherent advantages of industry convergence. Based on the concept of cultural and creative industries,??celebrity culture tourism and cultural creative industries integration model are made. Then it proposes that Meizhou should foster cultural and creative environment; refine cultural and creative elements;take a variety of celebrity culture and creative tourism development model to develop cultural celebrity tourism.

  14. TOURISM AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BORMA AFRODITA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a theoretical approach of the relation between tourism and local development. The research method used is based on documenting and summarizing aspects related to the importance of tourism on local development. According to data provided by the World Tourism Organization (WTO, 2014, compared to 2010, a 91% increase of the number of international tourist arrivals is forecasted in 2030, from 948 million arrivals (2010 to 1,810 million arrivals (2030. Therefore, it is no surprise that tourism is viewed as a development strategy in many national economies. Tourism literature captures a series of arguments that emphasize the contribution of tourism to local development by: creating new jobs, revitalizing cultural traditions, improving infrastructure, environmental protection, etc. For Romania, as well, it may be noted that tourism strategies included in the 2013-2016 Government Programme are oriented towards local tourism by: decentralizing the authorization and approval activity, developing an integrated tourism by capitalizing all the local resources (cultural, agricultural, handicraft, etc., connecting Romanian tourism to international trends, etc. In order to achieve the aforementioned objectives, the 2013-2016 Government Program provides the clarification on the issue of decentralization, since the current government believes that a balanced development of Romania can only be achieved through transfer of authority to the local, county and regional levels.

  15. Culturable microbial diversity and the impact of tourism in Kartchner Caverns, Arizona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikner, Luisa A; Toomey, Rickard S; Nolan, Ginger; Neilson, Julia W; Pryor, Barry M; Maier, Raina M

    2007-01-01

    Kartchner Caverns in Benson, AZ, was opened for tourism in 1999 after a careful development protocol that was designed to maintain predevelopment conditions. As a part of an ongoing effort to determine the impact of humans on this limestone cave, samples were collected from cave rock surfaces along the cave trail traveled daily by tour groups (200,000 visitors year-1) and compared to samples taken from areas designated as having medium (30-40 visitors year-1) and low (2-3 visitors year-1) levels of human exposure. Samples were also taken from fiberglass moldings installed during cave development. Culturable bacteria were recovered from these samples and 90 unique isolates were identified by using 16S rRNA polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. Diversity generally decreased as human impact increased leading to the isolation of 32, 27, and 22 strains from the low, medium, and high impact areas, respectively. The degree of human impact was also reflected in the phylogeny of the isolates recovered. Although most isolates fell into one of three phyla: Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, or Proteobacteria, the Proteobacteria were most abundant along the cave trail (77% of the isolates), while Firmicutes predominated in the low (66%) and medium (52%) impact areas. Although the abundance of Proteobacteria along the cave trail seems to include microbes of environmental rather than of anthropogenic origin, it is likely that their presence is a consequence of increased organic matter availability due to lint and other organics brought in by cave visitors. Monitoring of the cave is still in progress to determine whether these bacterial community changes may impact the future development of cave formations.

  16. Unity through Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    Ethnographic film, Moesgård Film, Royal Anthropological Institute (59 min, 2011) Soanin Kilangit is determined to unite the people and attract international tourism through the revival of culture on Baluan Island in the South Pacific. He organizes the largest cultural festival ever held on the is...

  17. Learning at Eco-Attractions: Exploring the Bifurcation of Nature and Culture through Experiential Environmental Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunkley, Ria Ann

    2016-01-01

    This article explores informal environmental education (EE) experiences at eco-attractions. A consortium of three UK-based environmental charities designed an eco-attraction-based EE program aiming to inspire responses to environmental change. Over six months, educators at six eco-attractions delivered this two-day program to 430 young people.…

  18. Ethnic Tourism: A Case Study of Language and Culture Preservation of the Bateq Indigenous Group of Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Che Lah Salasiah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia provides ethnic tourism which is related to the more popularly known as nature or eco-tourism where an indigenous or traditional group of people who live in this environment will interact with and provide services to the tourists who would like to experience ethnic tourism. Ethnic tourism refers to travel motivated by the search for the first hand, authentic and sometimes intimate contact with people whose ethnic and/or cultural background is different from the tourists. Tourists are also driven by the desire to see some of the threatened cultures that may soon disappear through assimilation into the nation’s majority. This paper aims to explore ethnic tourism as a preservation strategy for language and culture in a selected community of Bateq Orang Asli group in Peninsular Malaysia in relation the language and cultural preservation of this community. An in-depth interview, a qualitative research technique, was selected as a method of data collection. The multimedia data was also collected including the recordings of the indigenous languages, still pictures and videotapes of the indigenous and cultural activities. The findings of this study show that the Bateq Orang Asli groups have preferences of their languages even though there is a pattern that a high number of lexical items have been borrowed from Malay. Language shift among younger speakers is also becoming a trend. In terms of the preservation of cultural heritage, the Bateq Orang Asli are still very positive about keeping their practices and lifestyles. The involvement of Bateq Orang Asli in promoting ethnic tourism in the surrounding areas near their settlements has contributed to their language and cultural preservation.

  19. Public Willingness to Pay for Transforming Jogyesa Buddhist Temple in Seoul, Korea into a Cultural Tourism Resource

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seul-Ye Lim

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Jogyesa Buddhist Temple (JBT, located in Seoul, Korea, is the chief temple of the Jogye Order, which represents Korean Buddhism. The Seoul government plans to transform the JBT into a cultural tourism resource and a historical site. This study attempts to analyze the willingness to pay (WTP for implementing the transformation, which includes building a new shopping arcade for Buddhist culture and tourism, constructing a museum for the teaching of history and an experience center for Korean traditional culture in the precincts of JBT, and making an open space for domestic and/or foreign visitors. To this end, the study looks into the WTP for the implementation, reporting on a contingent valuation (CV survey that was conducted with 500 Seoul households. The single-bounded dichotomous choice CV model and a spike model were applied to derive the WTP responses and analyze the WTP data with zero observations, respectively. The mean yearly WTP was computed to be KRW 7129 (USD 6.30 per household for the next five years, with the estimate being statistically significant at the 1% level. Expanding the value to the Seoul population gives us KRW 25.4 billion (USD 22.5 million per year. The present value of the total WTP amounts to KRW 114.6 billion (USD 101.3 million using a social discount rate of 5.5%. We can conclude that Seoul households are ready to shoulder some of the financial burden of implementing the transformation.

  20. 区域文化旅游开发探讨--以绍兴为例%On the Regional Cultural Tourism Development with Shaoxing as a Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周斅源

    2016-01-01

    Shaoxing city has a long history and abundant cultural tourism resources.In recent years, cultural tourism is developing very fast in Shaoxing,meanwhile some problems have also occurred. Based on the analysis of cultural tourism development background conditions and the existing problems in Shaoxing,the countermeasures about sustainable development of cultural tourism in Shaoxing are put forward in the following aspects:ascertaining development target,improving the tourism product struc-ture,protecting resources and optimizing environment,as well as strengthening the marketing.%绍兴是一座具有悠久历史的文化名城,文化旅游资源丰富。近年来,绍兴文化旅游发展较快,但仍然存在诸多问题。文章分析了绍兴文化旅游开发的背景条件及存在的问题,提出明确发展目标定位、完善产品结构、保护资源优化环境、强化营销的开发建议,以促进绍兴文化旅游的持续发展。

  1. Perceived tourism impacts in municipalities with different tourism concentration

    OpenAIRE

    Nemec Rudež, Helena; Vodeb, Ksenija

    2010-01-01

    The paper investigates residents’ perceptions of tourism impacts in Koper and Piran municipality which are located on the Slovenian coast. The two municipalities have different tourism concentration defined as the ratio between the number of tourists and the number of residents. Specifically, the study attempts to explore differences between tourism impacts in the two municipalities. For the purpose of this study, tourism impacts are divided into economic, socio-cultural and environmental. Pr...

  2. Islamic Tourism Development in Cirebon: The Study Heritage Tourism in Islamic Economic Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Jaelani, Aan

    2016-01-01

    Abstract. Cirebon as a tourist town to face the problems related to the management of tourist attractions, hotel business development, renovation of buildings or cultural heritage, and the economic development of local communities in tourist locations. The needs of tourists and pilgrims is also a concern with fulfillment facilities that can give satisfaction and comfort. With the approach of explorative qualitative research, which explores the potential of tourism development or shari'a in Ci...

  3. Gardiner's Soup Festival in Zlataritsa - Development of Cultural Tourism or Pre-Elections Campaign: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Karamihova

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the heritage re-establishment during a gourmet festival. Fieldwork data (2007-2015 have shown that unlike other new gourmet festi-vals in Bulgaria the Gardeners’ soup festival serves to be achieved several very different goals: First of all this is an important part of pre-election campaigns for local authorities and for Parliament. Second – this festival strengthens local identity and integrates different ethnic and religious groups inhabiting the small town nowadays. Despite it was pronounced as gourmet festival and was introduced as a part of local strategy for development of tourism the ethnog-raphy shows that main actors do not promote it as touristic attraction. Thereby Gardeners’ soup festival is not stereotypic small-town festival.

  4. Cultural Diversity in the Curriculum: Perceptions and Attitudes of Irish Hospitality and Tourism Academics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devine, Frances; Hearns, Niamh; Baum, Tom; Murray, Anna

    2008-01-01

    Academics are facing significant challenges in preparing indigenous students for employment in the multicultural working environment of hospitality and tourism organisations. In dealing with the impact of the new skills and flexibilities demanded by increasing globalisation, the indigenous workforce needs to possess a multicultural perspective and…

  5. A Cross-Cultural Web Usability Analysis of Asian Countries’ Official Tourism Websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaslin Md. Dahlan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Demands for tourism websites from worldwide providers is now surging. It is a quality measurement of advertising, information providing and persuasive marketing all in one. The evaluation of website’s usability illuminates the specific strengths and weaknesses of each websites studied. A selection of 39 Asian countries was studied. A criterion for selection was for the country to have an official tourism website hosted and managed by a government agency. This non-commercial study is to ensure the reliability of information. A walkthrough content analysis method was used for the evaluation. The month-long evaluation experiments the seven elements of webs’ features and functions with 44 attributes. Results were varied with highest and lowest scores were tabulated and discussed. Tourism websites that scored the highest overall and categorical sections obviously placed tourism as their main industry of the economy. The study is limited by the availability of the websites during the evaluation period. No re-evaluation on another date was done, as to avoid biasness.

  6. Cultural Diversity in the Curriculum: Perceptions and Attitudes of Irish Hospitality and Tourism Academics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devine, Frances; Hearns, Niamh; Baum, Tom; Murray, Anna

    2008-01-01

    Academics are facing significant challenges in preparing indigenous students for employment in the multicultural working environment of hospitality and tourism organisations. In dealing with the impact of the new skills and flexibilities demanded by increasing globalisation, the indigenous workforce needs to possess a multicultural perspective and…

  7. The potentials for creating sustainable rural tourism in Bačka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stankov Uglješa

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Average rural household in Bačka mostly depend on agricultural activities. Modern society changes, especially changes in agriculture production imply need for diversification of business activities. Rural tourism can be important part of rural economy for some villages in Bačka. Fertile plain, Danube, Tisa and other smaller rivers, animals and games represent base of natural tourist attractions of rural tourism. However, main competitive advantages of Bačka are anthropogenic values. Traditional pannonian houses, baroques churches, numerous rural festivities, and "melting point" of different nationalities make good base for rural tourism development. Different combinations of rural attractions create several tourist experiences of this region: authentic tourist experience at "szalashes", particular tourist experience in villages, intensive tourist experience of rural events and manifestations, not authentic tourist experiences of pseudo rural attractions and complex tourist experience in rural areas. Regarding to emitive centers of rural tourist demand can be specified tree regions for development of rural tourism - region of Novi Sad, Subotica, and Sombor. Rural tourism can make a valuable contribution to rural economies, job creation, landscape conservation, retention of rural population, support to rural culture and tradition, nature conservation and other. At the same time, rural tourism is facing various limitations. With in this context, rural tourism planning has to include principles of sustainable development.

  8. A Critique of the Militarisation of Australian History and Culture Thesis: The Case of Anzac Battlefield Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jim McKay

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the militarisation of Australian history and culture thesis with specific reference to the increasing popularity of Anzac battlefield tourism. I argue that the militarisation thesis contains ontological and epistemological flaws that render it incapable of understanding the multifaceted ways in which Australians experience Anzac battlefield tours. I then argue that in order to study how Australians both at home and overseas respond to the upcoming Anzac Centenary researchers will need to deploy an empirically-grounded and multidisciplinary framework. I demonstrate how proponents of militarisation: (1 ignore the polymorphous properties of Anzac myths; (2 are complicit with constructions of ‘moral panics’ about young Australian tourists; (3 overlook the reflexive capacities of teachers, students and tourists with respect to military history and battlefield tours; and (4 disregard the complex and contradictory aspects of visits to battlefields. My counter-narrative relies both on Stuart Hall’s work on popular culture and empirical studies of battlefield tourism from myriad disciplines.

  9. 红色旅游文化软实力及其符号化研究%Research on the cultural soft power and symbolization of red tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯淑华

    2012-01-01

    Red tourism is a new kind of tourism product formed by China' s special national situation. The cultural soft power of red tourism has showed a remarkable effect in practice, therefore it becomes the focus of academic research. Throughout research, the essay discusses that the cultural soft power of red tourism mainly embodies in the following respects : the flag of nation- al spirit, the consolidation of main ideological stream, the cognition of the ruling party' s ruling legitimacy, the agglomeration of national centripetal force and so on. From the perspective of Semiology, the essay also discusses the characteristics of red tourism' s cultural soft power. At first, the essay analyses the symbolization feature of tourists' psychological needs from the demand re- spect. Nostalgia, exploration and worship are the symbolization features of red tourism' s psychological characteristic. Then, the essay carries out symbolization research on the " place spirit" of red tourism. It is the "soul" of red tourism which should lead the whole tourism product development. The essay establishes the symbol system of the red tourism product and proposes the textual symbols' establishment and development of the red tourism brand and reflects on the symbolization of red tourism innovation.%红色旅游是中国国情下产生、形成的一种新型旅游产品,其文化软实力已在实践中呈现出显著的效果。文章从民族精神的标举、主流意识形态的巩固、执政党执政合法性的认识和国家向心力的凝聚等方面探讨了红色旅游的文化软实力问题,并从符号学的角度研究红色旅游文化软实力的表征力,剖析旅游者心理需求的符号化特征,分析红色旅游“场所精神”的符号化问题,建构红色旅游产品符号系统。提出红色旅游品牌文本符号的建立与开发,以及红色旅游创新的符号化思考。

  10. Managament in Tourism and Environment Protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edna Mrnjavac

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourist activities motivate tourists to visit a destination. Tourism evaluates motives and protects them largely from harmful influences. Tourism evaluation aims to establish the value of natural tourist attractions and of those created by humans. Along with tourist attractions, destinations are also evaluated in order to find out about their utility. The evaluation of a destination and its particular attractions is expressed by the realized tourist traffic for the observed period. Protection of tourist attractions is a systematic activity against all kinds of pollution. It also includes the sustainability of traffic flows in tourism destination. Management in tourism industry has an irreplaceable role in that.

  11. Analysis of Ethnic Folk Culture Tourism Development in Hainan%论海南民族民俗文化旅游开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽华

    2014-01-01

    海南民族民俗文化旅游还面临着诸多问题,表现在:在海南经济发展中的特殊贡献尚未凸现;旅游市场中民族民俗文化发展部分总体实力不够强,整体经济效益不高、市场竞争力弱;现阶段海南民族民俗文化旅游市场秩序有待进一步规范;民族民俗文化旅游观光线路单一,产品不够丰富;现有民族民俗旅游宣传力度不够,旅游品牌效应不突出。根据存在的问题和发展潜力、趋势分析,提出如下对策:做好民族民俗产品市场定位,选准目标市场;树立海南文化旅游整体新形象,打造、民族文化旅游品牌;加大执法力度,规范旅游市场管理,全面提高旅游从业人员素质;挖掘海南民族文化旅游的内在潜力,突出文化旅游的民族特色和区域特点。%Hainan ethnic folk culture tourism still faces many problems,namely:that special contribution to the development of Hainan's economy has not been highlighted,that comprehensive strength of national tourism market development of folk culture is not strong enough,that overall economic benefit is not high,that market competitiveness is weak,that Hainan ethnic folk culture tourism market order should be further regulated,that eth-nic folk culture tourism route is single and products are not abundant enough,that existing national folklore tourism has not fully publicized and that tourism brand effect is not prominent.Based on existing problems,devel-opment potential and trend analysis,the following measures are offered,namely,achieving good ethnic folk mar-ket orientation,selecting proper target market,establishing a whole new Hainan culture tourism image ,building ethnic and cultural tourism brand,strengthening law enforcement and regulating the tourism market management, improving the quality of tourism professionals,developing the inner potential of Hainan national culture tourism and highlighting the ethnic and regional

  12. The tourism industry : an overview

    OpenAIRE

    Camilleri, Mark Anthony

    2017-01-01

    This chapter introduces its readers to the concept of tourism. It sheds light on the rationale for tourism, as it explains the tourists’ inherent motivations to travel. It also describes different aspects that together make up the tourism industry. Tourists travel to destinations that are accessible to them. They require accommodation if they are visiting a place for more than twenty-four hours. Leisure and business travellers may also visit attractions, and engage themselves in recreational ...

  13. City Image – As Tourism Destination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanciulescu Gabriela Cecilia

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a competitive industry, even on a global scale. If access to a destination or attraction is too complicated, time consuming, expensive or not providing adequate capacity, even the most spectacular attraction will remain a secret to most tourists, as they will prefer competitive alternatives” (Smiths, 2003. And to continue this, it is considered that „that cultural differences and uniqueness are important if one wants cultural products to become a commercial success” (Lindenberg, 2004. When cultural tourists are looking to experiment or to improve their knowledge, the question is: “Which are the best strategies and practices to market that experience and knowledge for the cultural tourists” (Kantanen, 2005. This paper will be dedicated to presenting city tourist destinations, their marketing and market positioning, also to analyze the way in which potential customers’ perception is built and how the process can be influenced, and to analyze the way the tourist product is assembled.

  14. Complementarity in the development of rural tourism with the development of thermal baths, spa and wellness tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Vuković, Predrag; Čavlin, Gordana; Čavlin, Miroslav

    2015-01-01

    Serbia has a long tradition in thermal baths tourism development. In the second half of the twentieth century, this branch of tourism attracted a significant segment of tourist demand, both domestic and foreign. However, due to difficult business conditions in the nineties, its infrastructure became outdated. This resulted in negative trends in tourism development and a negative image appeared in the tourism market. On the other hand, rural tourism is a relatively new form of tourism. In Serb...

  15. The cultural and historical heritage of towns Trebinje and Jajce: A resource for the growth of tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guzijan Jasna

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the possibility of including cultural heritage in cultural and tourist development policies. The tourist potential of historically and artistically significant urban entities will be described and assessed in the paper, with a focus on the cases of Trebinje and Jajce two Bosnian and Herzegovinian towns with preserved historical town cores. The two towns were both founded in the Middle Ages and have developed to this day, with their urban areas continuously expanding and being built up. Their spatial and cultural historical complexes are diverse and multilayered, with various natural and man-made structures dating back to different epochs. They are the greatest cultural monuments and a testimony of the past, of the physical and spiritual development of these communities. Trebinje is an old town located at the intersection of various influences and interests, with a rich and long history which has altered not only the appearance and contents of its town core, but also its significance and its functional impact on the broader surroundings. The Old Town, a surviving historical complex, which originated in the Middle Ages and developed considerably under Turkish rule is one of Trebinje's tourist resources. Nowadays, tourism is becoming one of the world's most important industries, its appeal coming from the natural cultural and historical values of towns and cities. Due to that, the natural cultural and historical values of Trebinje and Jajce can be preserved only if their economic potential is also taken into account.

  16. The Relationship between Tradition, Tourism and Gastronomy: Cuisine and Culinary Heritage in "Salaš" (Farm Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Banić-Grubišić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the relationship between tradition and tourism as exemplified by the cuisine on offer in so called "salaš tourism". Over the course of the last decade, farms in Vojvodina have become popular tourist destination and an attraction as a form of rural and cultural tourism. Farms which have been revitalized to meet the needs of tourism are represented as "places of returning to tradition" in brochures and the media, thus creating a romanticized and idealized image of the past of Vojvodina peasants. The paper examines the ways in which elements of traditional culture are incorporated into the tourist offer. The gastronomic policies of salaš- restaurants is associated with the global "slow food" movement which is based on localy grown and produced food and traditional preparation techniques. The paper is the result of fieldwork conducted in salaš-farms in Bačka and Banat, which have been revitalized as catering businesses and tourist attractions, as well as on the analysis of media representations of salaš tourism.

  17. Tourism native culture infiltration in college English teaching%旅游英语教学中本土文化渗透分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林青

    2015-01-01

    Language is an important tool in daily communication, through communication, communication, people can pass intend to ideas, communication culture, in the simplest and most direct way to let others know, understand Chinese culture. In tourism English teaching, because want to introduce to foreigners Chinese tourist resort, and culture, so pay special attention to teaching requires learners the accumulation of local culture quality and ability, to seek to rely on tourism industry develops, realistic approach to promote Chinese culture. Tourism is a special service for tourism English learners to create learning subjects, graduate from learners tend to have a keen eye and original consciousness, to be able to understand the needs of the customers in the tourism exchanges, tourism industry is high in quality and ability of language professionals. Based on this, this article will combine the real case, and tourism English teaching present situation, analysis how to penetrate into the local culture, in education teaching so as to promote tourism to speed up the development process.%语言是日常交际的重要工具,通过沟通、交流,人们可以传递意愿想法、交流文化,以最简单、最直接的方式让他人了解、认识本土文化.在旅游英语教学中,因为要向外国人介绍中国本土旅游胜地以及文化,所以教学特别关注要求学习者本土文化素质与宣传能力的积累,以谋求依靠旅游业发扬、宣传本土文化的现实路径.旅游英语是一项专门为旅游业服务学习者创建的学习科目,毕业学习者往往拥有敏锐的眼光和独到的意识,能够在旅游交流中明白顾客的需要,是旅游产业中素质高、能力强的语言专业人才.基于此,本文将结合现实案例,以及旅游英语教学现状,分析该如何在教育教学中渗透本土文化,以促进旅游业发展进程加快.

  18. The Developmental Model of Cultural Tourism-Homestay of the Lao Vieng and Lao Song Ethnic Groups in the Central Region of Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supon Chaiyatorn

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Lao Wieng and Lao Songe Ethnic Groups were herded from Lanchang Region to Siam Region. In recent time, they settled down in Central Thailand. The objectives of this research were to study: (1 historical background of Lao Wieng and Lao Songe Ethnic Groups, (2 their lifestyle facilitating tourism and (3 development of cultural tourism model as Home Stay of the Ethnics. Approach: the research area included Pechaburi, Nakonpatom, Saraburi, Supanburi and Kanchanaburi Provinces. The key informants were selected by Purposive Sampling including: 30 experts, 40 practitioners and 50 general villagers. The research design was Qualitative Research. Data were collected by techniques of interview, observation and focus group discussion. They were analyzed by using Triangulation technique. The findings were presented by descriptive analysis. Results: (1 Lao Wieng and Lao Songe Ethnic Groups, were herded from Vientiene City, Lao Country abut 200 years ago. They settled down in Middle Thailand by doing rice farm. For their living, they maintained their traditional culture of community since then, (2 lifestyle facilitating tourism consisted of identity including household, relatives relationship, dressing, language, religious, custom and beliefs, (3 the model of inherited local cultural tourism as Home Stay, each ethnic group should be organized as the following model: For Lao Wieng Ethnic, the conservation and inheritance of local culture should be focused using major lifestyle factor based on household, food and dressing. For Thai Songedam Ethnic Group, major lifestyle factor should be based on lifestyle and cultural factor with identity including living place, food, dressing, tradition, ritual, local item selling and play. Conclusion/Recommendations: The ethnic group identity was necessary for cultural tourism. But, the scenery, culture, custom and tradition with identity should be emphasized so that it would be prominent by focusing on

  19. Economic Impact of Tourism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gabriela PĂDURE; Ion Adrian TURTUREANU

    2005-01-01

    .... Environmentalists are agitated about the damages and carelessness showed by the tourists. Culturally and socially, tourism can impact thedestination country, but its effect cannot be solely attributable to simple tourist activities...

  20. A Model Proposal on the Use of Creative Tourism Experiences in Congress Tourism and the Congress Marketing Mix

    OpenAIRE

    Özen Kırant Yozcu; Orhan İçöz

    2010-01-01

    Congress tourism has a great importance for the extension of the tourism season, enhancement of employment opportunities and tourism revenues, promotion and efficient use of the facilities in the area. Creative Tourism provides an authentic feel for a local culture through informal, hands-on workshops and creative experiences. Ensuring that the attendants of congress tourism take part in creative tourism activities may be an example of the synergy to be achieved by including creative tourism ...

  1. Influence of Art Nouveau and its heritage on tourism: The case study of Aveiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cimbaljević Marija

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourist destinations around the world are trying to cope with the needs of visitors, which are very susceptible to change. Nowadays, tourists are becoming more sophisticated and knowledgeable; their needs for extensive and diverse experiences increasing. As opposed to the destinations whose tourism development depends on the natural resources that are difficult to influence and whose business is susceptible to the negative impacts of seasonality, destinations of city and cultural tourism have more space to design their offers and contents that can satisfy the needs of travelers of the modern age. Content that can make a destination unique and well known, is the cultural heritage created in the Art Nouveau style. The Vienna secession architectural masterpieces can represent major tourist attractions in some destinations. For example, many attractive tourist cities such as Aveiro, Barcelona, Prague and Hamburg tourists visit just in order to feel and experience these works of art. For this reason, it is very important to point out Art Nouveau as an essential part of the cultural heritage of the destination and enable informing and introducing tourists with this valuable tourism potential. The initial hypothesis of this paper is that Aveiro has authentic cultural heritage in the Art Nouveau style that enriches the tourist offer of the city and that attracts a certain segment of the tourism market. The aim of the paper is to examine the participation and influence of Art Nouveau heritage in the tourism industry of Aveiro.

  2. Discussion about Dongba culture under the perspective of tourism anthropology%论旅游人类学视野下的东巴文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李四玉

    2014-01-01

    在文献参考的基础上,首先简要回顾了旅游人类学理论,然后介绍了东巴文化的概念与内容,进而从文化涵化、舞台真实性、历史文化再建构与族群认同三个旅游人类学的视角探讨了旅游对东巴文化的影响。面对旅游业发展中的各种影响,旅游目的地社会如何保持自身文化的独特性,最大限度地保存和发扬民族文化,关键是提升少数民族内部的文化自觉和增强文化自信。在推进社会主义文化强国建设的新政策下,纳西族作为中华民族大家庭中的一员,应该保留发挥东巴文化的特质,吸纳外来文化,与旅游发展机制进行有效对接,促进纳西文化传承与旅游发展的双赢。%Based on literature references, this article first briefly reviews theories of tourism anthropology, after that introduces the concept and content of Dongba culture, and then explores tourism made a great impact on Dongba culture from three tourism anthropological perspectives, namely, culture acculturation, staged authenticity, historical culture re-construct and ethnic identity. Facing to various impacts of the tourism development, how to keep unique culture of tourist destination society, preserve and carry forward ethnic culture most, and the key is cultural consciousness and cultural confidence within ethnic minority. In the policy of promoting socialist cultural power construction, Naxi ethnic minority, as a member of Chinese nation family, should reserve the uniqueness of Dongba culture, absorb other culture, butt joint tourism development mechanism effectively, in order to promote win-win between Naxi culture inheritance and tourism development.

  3. Challenges Facing Customer Patronage of Tourism Destinations in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof

    AN INTERNATIONAL MULTI-DISCIPLINARY JOURNAL, ... the Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism, revealed a total of thirty-five (35) tourism ... problems that bedevil the marketing of tourism destinations in Nigeria ..... Cross River Calabar.

  4. THE FACTORS APPEARANCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionel Barbu

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we try to show as well the main factors of the emergence and development of rural tourism in order to establish priorities in the joint action of local people, entrepreneurs, tourists and local and national administrations. In many countries, the tourism industry fall within government priority. Tourism has been identified as one of the primary industries with potential to support local communities in developing economic diversity. Rural tourism has developed due to revenue growth (it is mostly discretionary income, due to increased leisure life and diversification motivations and desires of tourists. Tourism development is favored by improving infrastructure, historical monuments and architectural restoration and promotion of environmental conservation. Rural areas have a special attraction for tourists because of the distinct characteristics associated with mystical, cultural, historical, ethnic and geographical. For progress together with profit for those involved, it requires several components: attractions, investment, appropriate infrastructure, services and diversified hospitality promotion. To run this set of factors need to join entrepreneurs and public administrations. From the literature we can draw a number of necessary conditions for the development of rural tourism and a number of motivations for its support. The public sector is responsible for policy formulation, research and planning, development of basic infrastructure, the development of certain landmarks, establishment and management of service delivery standards, establishing management measures and recovery planning and environmental protection, setting standards for training and improve employment, maintaining public health and safety. The private sector is responsible for the development of accommodation services, travel agency operations, the activity of commercial tourist enterprises, development of landmarks and advertising through specific marketing

  5. [Medical tourism and travel - an interdisciplinary approach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freyer, W; Kim, B-S

    2014-01-01

    Medical tourism (or medical travel, international patient service, cross-border or global health care) is a new current phenomenon with increasing relevance for the two disciplines of medicine and tourism. Both sides hope to improve their reputation and image, as well as to increase their revenues and rate of employment; furthermore, they want to provide better care and service for patients and tourists: Medical tourism can close the gap of the health care system at home, providing better quality, quicker access and cheaper procedures abroad, also with treatments, not - legally - available in the sending country. For the tourism sector it broadens the variety of tourism products and supply of the host country and combines medical treatments and recovery with an attractive stay in a tourism destination for patients and their companions. But in spite of all popularity of this new type of tourism and treatment, there is quite a lack of theory and academic analysis. This article outlines the status quo of scientific research both from a medical and tourism point of view. This interdisciplinary method of approach is based mainly on a state-of-the art review of the current literature. There is a great need for more scientific research in the field of medical tourism, based on the common knowledge of both disciplines tourism and medicine. First there is neither an internationally agreed definition nor a common methodology for data collection. So the real impact of touristic and medical services both for the source and for the receiving countries is un-known and imprecise. Second the internal processes of the health system have to be adapted to the needs of international patients, e. g., medical fee schedule, billing, language, inter-cultural qualifications of the staff. Moreover the whole service chain has to be taken into account, especially the pre- and post-processes, which mostly start or end abroad. Here quality standards as well as accreditations are current

  6. Circumvention tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Glenn

    2012-09-01

    Under what circumstances should a citizen be able to avoid the penalties set by the citizen's home country's criminal law by going abroad to engage in the same activity where it is not criminally prohibited? Should we view the ability to engage in prohibited activities by traveling outside of the nation state as a way of accommodating cultural or political differences within our polity? These are general questions regarding the power and theory of extraterritorial application of domestic criminal law. In this Article, I examine the issues through a close exploration of one setting that urgently presents them: medical tourism. Medical tourism is a term used to describe the travel of patients who are citizens and residents of one country, the "home country," to another country, the "destination country," for medical treatment. This Article is the first to comprehensively examine a subcategory of medical tourism that I call "circumvention tourism," which involves patients who travel abroad for services that are legal in the patient's destination country but illegal in the patient's home country--that is, travel to circumvent domestic prohibitions on accessing certain medical services. The four examples of this phenomenon that I dwell on are circumvention medical tourism for female genital cutting (FGC), abortion, reproductive technology usage, and assisted suicide. I will briefly discuss the "can" question: assuming that a domestic prohibition on access to one of these services is lawful, as a matter of international law, is the home country forbidden, permitted, or mandated to extend its existing criminal prohibition extraterritorially to home country citizens who travel abroad to circumvent the home country's prohibition? Most of the Article, though, is devoted to the "ought" question: assuming that the domestic prohibition is viewed as normatively well-grounded, under what circumstances should the home country extend its existing criminal prohibition

  7. Discussion on Chinese- English Translation of the Cultural Deposits in Tourism from the Perspective of Functionalism%浅谈功能视角下旅游资料中中国文化底蕴的英译

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李英波

    2012-01-01

    nese Shenzhou To attract more foreign tourists to China for sightseeing, landscape, historical sites, and the local conditions make the exotic visitors appreciate Chi- and customs better, the translation of tourism materials and tourist guidances must be improved. However, there are still many insufficient points in the translation of tourism materials tourist guidances, which is in high need of systematical research. The Functional Translation Theory, which thinks that translation is an objective behavior, provides a new perspect for this kind of research. So, by analysizing of the characteristics of tourism materials and the tourist guid- ances, comparing with Chinese and western cultural differences, this paper tries to discuss how to deal with Chinese cultural expressions and deposits in translating these materials from functional translation persnective.%为了吸引更多的外国游客来中国旅游观光,欣赏神州美景、历史古迹及风土人情,就必须提升旅游外宣资料及导游词的英译水平。然而,目前旅游外宣资料及导游词的翻译尚存在诸多不足,更缺乏系统研究。功能翻译论认为翻译是一种目的性行为,为此方面研究提供了全新的视角。本文试图从功能翻译论的角度出发,通过对比中西方文化差异及分析旅游外宣资料和导游词的特点,继而探讨在翻译中文旅游资料及导游词时怎样处理表达中国文化底蕴的文化信息。

  8. Learning Cultures in Travel and Tourism: A Critique of Manuela du Bois-Reymond's Trendsetter Learner Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    This article aims to contribute to the discussion surrounding Manuela du Bois-Reymond's important "trendsetter learner" thesis and, in so doing, to join the wider debate about post-compulsory learning cultures. The article outlines the trendsetter learner thesis and then considers recent criticisms that it has attracted. While the author concurs…

  9. Learning Cultures in Travel and Tourism: A Critique of Manuela du Bois-Reymond's Trendsetter Learner Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    This article aims to contribute to the discussion surrounding Manuela du Bois-Reymond's important "trendsetter learner" thesis and, in so doing, to join the wider debate about post-compulsory learning cultures. The article outlines the trendsetter learner thesis and then considers recent criticisms that it has attracted. While the author…

  10. Learning Cultures in Travel and Tourism: A Critique of Manuela du Bois-Reymond's Trendsetter Learner Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    This article aims to contribute to the discussion surrounding Manuela du Bois-Reymond's important "trendsetter learner" thesis and, in so doing, to join the wider debate about post-compulsory learning cultures. The article outlines the trendsetter learner thesis and then considers recent criticisms that it has attracted. While the author…

  11. 文化创意视角下乡村旅游开发的策略%Rural Tourism Development Strategy from Cultural Creative Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康杰; 杨欣

    2015-01-01

    在知识经济与体验时代下,消费者对乡村旅游功能凸显为精神与文化的个性化需求,而传统的旅游产品供给多以满足物质的大众型产品,一方面导致了市场的供需矛盾;另一方面,同质旅游产品间竞争异常激烈,乡村旅游的发展亟待转型升级。如何开发乡村旅游才能满足市场需求、突破解决产品间同质化竞争的问题成为推动乡村旅游转型升级的首要难题。笔者从文化创意的视角,在分析中国乡村旅游开发的现状及存在问题的基础上,提出创意思维开发乡村资源、创意设计旅游产品、创新开发模式、创意文化主题活动、创意旅游营销等方面的策略,以满足消费者需求,加速乡村旅游发展的转型升级进程,推动农村地区的经济发展。%This paper firstly analyzed problems of rural tourism: one was the contradictions of the mass material supply and personalized demand of spirit and culture between the consumers and suppliers;the other was the fierce competition among the homogeneous tourism products. The development of rural tourism was confronting the urgent need of transformation and upgrading. How to develop rural tourism to solve product homogenization competition had become the primary problem of rural tourism. Then this paper analyzed the present situation of rural tourism development and problems in China from the cultural creative perspective. Finally, it put forward strategies like creative development of rural resources, creative design of tourism products, innovative development mode, creative culture theme activities, and creative tourism marketing , etc., so as to meet the consumers’demand, accelerate the transformation of rural tourism development and promote the economic development in rural areas.

  12. 茶文化旅游的发展模式探析%Exploration and Analysis of Developmental Modes of Tea Cultural Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林海燕; 刘仲华; 盛敏; 谭斌

    2014-01-01

    Tea cultural tourism has met city dwellers’ requirements of returning to nature by its ecological and peaceful way. In recent years, tea cultural tourism is booming all over the country, and its developmental mode has become diverse. In this paper, three kinds of mature modes for tea cultural tourism had been summarized, including traditional village mode, ecological farm mode and tour park mode, and their main characteristics were analyzed. Moreover, the advanced experiences in developing tea cultural tourism were also summarized.%近年来,茶文化旅游以其生态自然,恬静素雅的休闲方式满足了都市居民回归自然、返璞归真的需求,在全国各地蓬勃发展,其发展模式也日趋多元化。对茶文化旅游中开发较为成熟的传统村落型、生态农庄型以及观光公园型等3种发展模式进行了归纳,分析了各发展模式的主要特点,并总结了其发展茶文化旅游的先进经验。

  13. An Application of Project-Based Learning on the Development of Young Local Tour Guides on Tai Phuan's Culture and Tourist Attractions in Sisatchanalai District, Sukhothai Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerdpol, Sakon

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an investigation of a research entitled, " An Application of Project-based Learning on the Development of Young Local Tour Guides on Tai Phuan's Culture and Tourist Attractions in Sisatchanalai District, Sukhothai Province. It was intended to develop young local tour guides on Tai Phuan's culture and tourist attractions in…

  14. Heterosexual Men's Ratings of Sexual Attractiveness of Adolescent Girls: A Cross-Cultural Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Paul; Lowe, Rob; Petrova, Hristina

    2015-11-01

    Following an identical procedure to the one we previously reported (O'Donnell, Lowe, Brotherton, & Bennett, 2014), we examined ratings of sexual attraction to photographs of (the same) adolescent girls (Tanner stages 3-4) labelled as either 14-15 years or 16-17 years old, women, and men. Ratings were made by Bulgarian heterosexual men by pressing buttons on a response box which recorded the ratings made and the time in milliseconds taken to respond. Despite the age of sexual consent in Bulgaria being 14 years, the pattern of findings did not differ from those found in the UK, where the age of consent is 16 years. That is, mean ratings of the sexual attractiveness of the girls labelled as younger were lower than those of the (same) girls labelled as older, and those of the women. In addition, correlations revealed significantly longer responding times when younger girls (and men) were rated as more highly sexually attractive. These associations were reversed in response to the photographs of women. We take these findings to indicate an inhibitory effect arising from generalized sexual norms relating to the inappropriateness of sexual attraction to young girls; the greater the attraction, the higher the inhibition. This second replication of our initial findings suggests a robust effect that may be of benefit in exploration of pedophile or sex offender groups.

  15. Egypt Highlighted at International Tourism Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    During the Beijing International Travel and Tourism Market 2006 (BITTM) fair, the Egypt Tourism Authority launched a tourism-promotional campaign, entitled "Egypt Shines for You." To mark the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Egypt, the Egypt Tourism Authority plans to implement a year-long promotional initiative in China to popularize Egypt's tourist destinations and culture. Dr. Nasser Abdel-Aal, Tourism Counselor at the Egyptian

  16. 基于区域合作的淮安盐文化旅游开发%Development of Huai'an Salt Cultural Tourism Based on Regional Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    奚敏; 王雪萍

    2011-01-01

    历史上的淮安不仅是“南船北马”的漕运中心,也是淮北盐的集散中心。千百年的历史长河使淮安积淀了内涵丰富、形态多样的盐文化遗产,这成为两淮盐文化资源的重要组成部分。淮安要开发盐文化资源,实现盐文化旅游的可持续发展,必须实行区域旅游合作,既强化两淮盐文化区域的整体特征,又差异化地表达淮安地域文化特质,打造精品。%In history, Huai'an was not only the junction of "southern boats and northern horses", but also a salt distribution center of Huaibei. Thousand years of history has left Huai'an rich and varied salt cultural heritages, which is an important part of Huainan and Huaibei salt culture resources. To exploit Huai'an salt cultural resources sustainably, two principles should be complied with. First, the tourism development should enhance and embody the general characteristics of Huainan and Huaibei salt culture on the basis of regional cooperation. Second, it should make the distinctive features of Huai'an regional culture prominent and build competitive tourism attractions.

  17. Tourism and Environment – Towards a European Tourism Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Valentina RADULESCU

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Environment and tourism interact in very close terms, the relation being strong and in many cases straightforward. The synergic interaction came into reality in several forms of alternative tourism with a very dynamic evolution in the last decades. Ecotourism, as the outmost of environment friendly tourism, attracts more and more consumers and determines communities or entrepreneurs to create a prolific economic framework. The paper explores at what extent EU policies are prepared to harness the benefits of this interaction. It resulted that tourism-environment combination is not only a sector policy target, but also an important development levy for rural areas and an effective protection means for nature conservation.

  18. The Feature in Translation Names of Tourist Attraction in Xinjiang and the Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FA Fa; LUO Xiao-hu

    2015-01-01

    If the tourism slogan is the best way to attract tourists attractions, there is no doubt the name of scenic spot have the di⁃rect impact on tourists. In recent years, the new scenic spot is more and more with the development of tourism in Xinjiang, but the translation of names of scenic spots also appear many errors, such as absue of words, grammar mistakes,inequivalence phenom⁃enon in the English and Chinese words translation. So how to better promote the tourism resources in Xinjiang to foreign visi⁃tors, how to transfer the national culture of Xinjiang to foreign tourists and how overcome the cultural differences and achieve ef⁃fective translation has become an important topic.So the translation of tourist materials has become an important problem must be solved,especially,translation of scenic spots’name .

  19. Construction for Cultural Tourism Real Estate --Take Chinese art and cultural city for example%文化旅游地产的建设思考——以中国工艺文化城为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵洋

    2012-01-01

    With the continuous development of tourism, the tourism industry chain continually extended, the rise of tourism real estate is the in- dustry chain is gradually improved performance. Tourism and cultural real estate give a new carrier and platform for the cultural industries. As a case study of Chinese art and cultural city, an attempt to summarize the pros and cons of tourism and cultural development of real estate planning, provide a reference for future development and construction.%随着旅游业的不断发展,旅游产业链条也在不断的延长,旅游地产的兴起正是产业链逐步完善的表现。同时旅游文化地产给予了文化产业一个全新的载体和平台。通过对中国工艺文化城作为案例进行研究,试图总结出旅游文化地产规划开发中的得失,为今后的开发建设提供参考。

  20. Slow Tourism Now and in the Future

    OpenAIRE

    Soininen, Tiia

    2011-01-01

    This thesis consists of a research to a new tourism trend; slow tourism. Tourism industry alters continuously and new forms of tourism are created all the time. The focus was given to slow tourism and travel because it has begun during the last decade in Italy from Slow Movement and it is an encounter to speed travelling and mass tourism. Slow tourism was identified with travelling slowly, living in the local culture and valuing sustainability. The main goal in the research was to find o...

  1. İzmir İli İçin Turizmin Yeri ve Geliştirme Önerileri(The Importance of Tourism For İzmir and Suggestions For Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İge PIRNAR

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is a literature review, which consists of tourism management and tourism applications of İzmir. It analyzes the current situation, and brings alternative solutions to improve it. First part of the paper analyzses the current tourism supply and demand of the city. The possible improvement patterns of tourism demand of İzmir and suggestions are presented in the last part of the paper.As one of the most beautiful cities in the world, it seems like İzmir can not receive the revenues and importance it deserves from tourism industry. İzmir has a unique history, has many natural and cultural attractions and with the help of strategic planning and implementation of alternative tourism types and clever management, it is possible to increase the tourism demand for İzmir.

  2. Research on Datong“Buddhism Capital”Tourism Cultural Brand Construction%大同佛都旅游文化品牌建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵彪; 江海旭

    2014-01-01

    大同旅游资源丰富,多为历史文化价值极高的佛教旅游资源。针对当前大同存在城市形象模糊、旅游品牌不鲜明等问题,研究大同佛都旅游文化品牌建设具有重要的现实意义。大同文化特色在北魏辽金,精华在佛教,重点在古都,因此大同可定位于“魏辽佛教文化旅游之都”,以云冈石窟为主体,构筑平城文化体系,以古都为载体,打造大同佛都旅游胜境。%Datong is rich in tourist resources, many of which are Buddhist tourist resources of high historical and cultural value. For the city's image is fuzzy and the tourist brand is not distinguishable, there is much practical significance to study Datong“Bud-dhism Capital” tourism cultural brand construction. Based on the definition of Buddhism tourism culture and tourism cultural brand, this is the first time to study Datong “Buddhism Capital” tourism cultural brand construction, for which we will propose the evi-dences, position the image, establish the slogan, and finally put forward the construction strategies. We wish that this research could be referred by Datong tourism planning.

  3. TOURISM INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Israel Tourism Opens China Office Recently, Israel Tourism opened a China office. Wang Yuzhi, who was appointed the Israeli Government Tourism Office’s China Chief Representative, said that in 2009, Israel Tourism will launch a new promotional cam- paign in China, targeting big cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Hong Kong, and demonstrating a different Israel to the Chinese.

  4. Offering solutions of sustainable urban tourism by the use of SWOT model, case study Isfahan city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monireh Roustazadeh Sheikh Yousefi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Tourism phenomenon has been spread world wildtoday. It's because of technological innovation development and overallcapitalism expansion in current age. Tourism in this situation has caused humanbeing relocation and mobility and in worldwide level, has created concept ofrelationship with other cultures in different locations, as socio-geographicalphenomenon. In this case cities includes important scientific, recreational,sport, shrine, historical, culture, medical, centers, etc., in addition to thiscases, also utilities natural attraction, etc., can play vole as touristic cityin the center of the country. in this research discursive- analysis method hasbeen used for collecting data and proceed to identify tourism potentials ,abilities, limitations and inadequacy of Isfahan by documental and librarydeliberations and field studies, SWOT model has been used for analyzing data.Then, offering solutions for sustainable urban development and eventuallymovement toward tourism development have been emphasized on.

  5. Tales of Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smed, Karina Madsen

    2011-01-01

    Tales of Tourism - Global Changes and tourism discourse by Karina Smed presents us with what has been the dominant discourse of tourism, i.e. a discourse which has had its roots in the West's economic and cultural hegemony and the problem of the formation of identity from the dichotomy "self......" and the "others". The author discusses to which extent tourism discourse is global as the reception of it has been different depending on the context. Moreover, she reflects on the impact upon this global narrative that the new economic world order will have. The new and emergent economies lead to a flow...... of tourists in the opposite direction: from China, India and Russia to western countries and worldwide and this will probably change the concept of tourism and our idea of identities....

  6. Tales of Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smed, Karina Madsen

    2011-01-01

    Tales of Tourism - Global Changes and tourism discourse by Karina Smed presents us with what has been the dominant discourse of tourism, i.e. a discourse which has had its roots in the West's economic and cultural hegemony and the problem of the formation of identity from the dichotomy "self......" and the "others". The author discusses to which extent tourism discourse is global as the reception of it has been different depending on the context. Moreover, she reflects on the impact upon this global narrative that the new economic world order will have. The new and emergent economies lead to a flow...... of tourists in the opposite direction: from China, India and Russia to western countries and worldwide and this will probably change the concept of tourism and our idea of identities....

  7. The discourse of tourism and national heritage: a constrastive study from a cultural perspective

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Departamento de Filología Inglesa. Fecha de lectura: 20-11-2014 This thesis presents a research study in the field of online tourism promotion. It focuses on the national online promotion of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, in two different types of websites –institutional and commercial– from three countries, Great Britain, Spain and Romania. The study analyses the way each country pres...

  8. Exploration of the Tourism Marketing with Cultural Integration Strategy%文化融入策略下的旅游营销探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艺萱

    2013-01-01

    The author reviews the development of China's tourism marketing, firstly summarizes the specific implement-ation strategy of tourism cultural marketing; Secondly, anal-yzes the specific implementation path of urban tourism cultural marketing; Final y, takes Suining and Mount Emei as an exam-ple to explore the success mode of experience and specific im-plementation approach of culture integrate into tourism plan-ing.%  笔者回顾了我国旅游营销的发展,概括了旅游文化营销具体的实施策略;其次,对城市旅游文化营销具体实施路径进行了分析;最后以遂宁和峨眉山为例,探讨了旅游区规划文化融入方面的成功经验模式以及具体的可借鉴实施途径。

  9. 旅游英语教学中如何引入中国传统文化%How to Introduce Chinese Traditional Culture in Tourism English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王君

    2015-01-01

    Students majoring in tourism English are the future pillars of foreign-related tourism practitioners, who undertake important responsibilities to expand cultural exchanges with foreign countries. However, it's worth thinking that Chinese traditional culture is always ignored in recent tourism English Teaching. This paper superlatively works at the problems of Chinese traditional culture in recent tourism English Teaching and brings up correlative strategies and propositions.%旅游英语相关专业学生,是涉外旅游从业人员的后备力量与未来支柱,是对外文化交流的未来重要保障.然而,在当前的旅游英语教学中对中国传统文化出现了忽视的现象,值得我们深思.本文力求探究当前旅游英语教学中中国传统文化教育出现的问题,并就如何引入和加强提出思考.

  10. Handan Idioms and Allusions Culture Based on Tourism Resources Perspective%旅游资源视角下的邯郸成语典故文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常进

    2012-01-01

      Handan is a historical and cultural city in China, and at the same time it’s one of Chinese excel ent tourism cities. During the Warring States Period, Handan is the capital of the State of Zhao, which is located in the farming-pastoral zone. Wars broke here frequently, a large number of idioms output, and Handan becomes the famous city because of idioms and al usions. During the Handan tourism development, we should treat the al usion culture as an important cultural resource and study its tourism development, which can play a role in Handan regional tourism development.%  邯郸是中国历史文化名城,是中国优秀旅游城市。战国时邯郸是赵国的首都,地处农牧交错地带,战争频繁,成语大量产出,成为“中国成语典故之都”。在邯郸的旅游开发中,把成语典故文化作为重要的文化资源来看待,并对其进行旅游开发的研究,可以对邯郸的区域旅游开发起参考作用。

  11. DARK TOURISM - NEW FORM OF TOURISM IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabontu Cecilia Irina

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available It is discussing,increasingly more often, in contemporary tourism, about new elements that enhances the appearance and development of new forms of tourism, including dark tourism which is based on the increasingly desire of modern tourist to achieve spiritual journeys, which have as attractions- deaths, disasters, atrocities, torture methods and other such issues. This subject has awoke our interest because we can find in Romania demand for this form of tourism but also various possibilities to use it in Romanian tourist circuits and also in the development of authentic tourism products with this subject. For Romania, this new form of tourism showed interest to academic research and to media, but in tourism literature we find a vacuum of information, being quite difficult to identify and label as dark tourism product a particular tourist site, a certain attraction or exhibition associated with death and dark, sinister and frightening elements, but we will try to discover certain components of this kind in Romanian tourism products.

  12. 中国5A级旅游景区网站质量测度及空间特征研究%Quality Assessment and Spatial Feature of Portal Websites in China's 5A Rated Tourism Attraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡宇娜; 梅林; 陈妍

    2016-01-01

    This is a case study of cybergeography with case of Chinese tourism websites' quality. In this paper, it assesses the portal websites' quality of China's 1125A rated tourism attractions and analysis the spatial distri-bution. The assessment system is defined as four parts:evaluation of user experience, technique support, con-tent completeness and effect functionality. In order to easily calculate, the paper decomposes the four parts to 21 specific indicators, such as usability, content amount and quality, interactivity, information architecture and so on. With investigation of 1125A attractions' portal websites, it is shown that the distribution of websites' quality in China is spatially differentiated and presented a situation of relative concentration and centrality. Ji-angsu and Zhejiang province have the most high quality websites, which represent the center of China's online business. With Sichuan, Chongqing, Anhui and Hubei together, these 6 provinces constitute a collective belt of highest quality websites which around Changjiang River. Another collective belt of higher quality websites is in the east of our country, which is consisted of Shandong, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangxi and Hunan. On the con-trary, the northwest and southwest parts of China have low information levels. Besides, the results of each eval-uation show that the spatially distribution of websites' quality in China are different. The center of gravity to ef-fect functionality is the most west and north position. This means that the gap between east and west of China isn't so big by the reason of tourists' attention. The attractions in the middle and west parts of China occupy more and more tourism market, so the information demand from tourisms holds high level, which can be re-flected by page views from goole.com and baidu.com. On the content completeness, the center of gravity is most east position and concentration of four parts. This attributes to the close cooperation and collection be

  13. Dynamic Competition and Cooperation of Road Infrastructure Investment of Multiple Tourism Destinations: A Case Study of Xidi and Hongcun World Cultural Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The transportation infrastructure always plays an important role in the development of the local tourism. A system dynamics method incorporated with a destination choice model is proposed in this paper to analyze the dynamic impacts of transportation infrastructure on the tourism development, where multiple tourism destinations share a common market. Tourists’ destination choice behaviors are characterized by a multinomial logit choice model based on the utility of destinations, which depends heavily on the accessibility of destinations that the local administration has strong willingness to improve. The system dynamics method is used to model dynamic interactions among destinations and to simulate the dynamic evolution of the competition on the tourism market. A case study of the World Cultural Heritage Sites, Xidi and Hongcun villages, shows the competition for road infrastructure investment can produce a win-win situation and bring the cooperation on investment due to the positive externality of transport infrastructure and two villages show a tendency to merge into one bigger destination. Finally, the tourism development strategies for two villages are discussed based on the scenario analysis.

  14. THE RELATION APICULTURE - TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goryana Yonkova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents analyses of the current condition, trends and opportunities for the apiculture development and its relation to tourism in Bulgaria. Beekeeping is considered as a branch of agriculture since its formation after the liberation to the present day and in its dynamics of development for the last 5 years. Resource base including traditions, state, production and marketing of honey is presented. Data from the National Statistics Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Food beekeepers' associations, processors and traders of honey and bee products, the Ministry of Tourism and tourism industry organizations is analyzed and discussed. Beekeeping is represented in the relation as a resource for development of apitourism, as untraditional attractive specialized type of tourism, which can support farmers through non-agricultural practices. The paper aimed at assisting companies and individuals in the field of agribusiness and apitourism for the realization of bee products and services.

  15. Appraisal the potential of central iran, in the context of health tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rokni, Ladan; Pourahmad, Ahmad; Moteiey Langroudi, Mohammad Hassan; Rezaeiy Mahmoudi, Mehdi; Heidarzadeh, Najmeh

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to appraisal the prose and cone of Shiraz City in terms of its potential in the context of health tourism. The statistical sample included medical and health tourism sector in the city of Shiraz in the northwest of Fars Province, south of Iran. The efficient authorities on the topic were identified through the hospitals engaging in medical tourism. The research was based on theoretical sampling through which the experienced people of extensive knowledge on medical tourism were interviewed. Active hospitals on attraction foreign patients averagely admit 15 and 50 foreign patients monthly and annually, respectively. Arab countries in the Persian Gulf were detected as the main marketing for Shiraz medical tourism. Oman encompassed the highest rate with 20% of admitted patients. Eye treatments with 30% and orthopedic with 6% were demonstrated as the highest and lowest rates in terms of foreign patients' needs, respectively. Closeness of cultural and religious beliefs and familial relationships on one hand and trusting to Iranian physicians on the other hand were amongst the most reasons for selecting Iran as a destination for medical tourism by patients. Implementing 4 strategies on monitoring medical tourism would result into significant improvement of attracting more foreigner patients not only into Shiraz but all around Iran. These items have been discussed in the text.

  16. Appraisal the Potential of Central Iran, in the Context of Health Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ladan Rokni

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of the present study was to appraisal the prose and cone of Shiraz City in terms of its potential in the context of health tourism.Methods: The statistical sample included medical and health tourism sector in the city of Shiraz in the northwest of Fars Province, south of Iran. The efficient authorities on the topic were identified through the hospitals engaging in medical tourism. The research was based on theoretical sampling through which the experienced people of extensive knowledge on medical tourism were interviewed.Results: Active hospitals on attraction foreign patients averagely admit 15 and 50 foreign patients monthly and annually, respectively. Arab countries in the Persian Gulf were detected as the main marketing for Shiraz medical tourism. Oman encompassed the highest rate with 20% of admitted patients. Eye treatments with 30% and orthopedic with 6% were demonstrated as the highest and lowest rates in terms of foreign patients’ needs, respectively. Closeness of cultural and religious beliefs and familial relationships on one hand and trusting to Iranian physicians on the other hand were amongst the most reasons for selecting Iran as a destination for medical tourism by patients.Conclusion: Implementing 4 strategies on monitoring medical tourism would result into significant improvement of attracting more foreigner patients not only into Shiraz but all around Iran. These items have been discussed in the text.

  17. 广西西江经济带文化旅游业创新研究%Research on Innovation of Cultural Tourism in Xijiang River Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新静; 孔铎

    2013-01-01

      广西西江经济带文化旅游业面临转型创新发展的新任务。这一地区从客源市场来看,国内市场有很大的开拓空间,入境游客对文化因素的感知还有待提升,存在缺乏整体定位和规划、区域发展差异大、两广诉求不同以及文化公共性等现实问题。从文化旅游业创新发展角度,发展战略重点和空间布局可以概括为四大战略重点、四个重点产业区和四个联动旅游产业区,同时还要考虑建立流域逆梯度发展空间。从机制保障上还应建立生态旅游环境承载力预警机制、旅游服务质量标准体系、旅游生态补偿机制。%  The development of cultural tourism in Xijiang River Economic Zone of Guangxi is faced with new task of transforming and innovating. In terms of tourist market, the domestic market has much room for further cultivation while inbound tourists’ perception of local culture also needs promoting. In general, the cultural tourism in the Zone has long been hampered by such problems as lack of adequate overall plan-ning, huge difference among regions, different requirements of Guangdong and Guangxi and the publicity of culture. From the aspect of cultural tourism innovation, the strategic focus and the layout of the economic zone can be summarized as three Fours: namely, four strategic focuses, four industry zones, and four in-ter-linked tourism zones. And we must consider the founding of basin counter gradient development as well. In terms of mechanism guarantee, it is essential to establish a warning mechanism for eco-tourism environ-ment enduring capacity, a standard system of tourism service quality, and an eco-compensation mechanism of tourism.

  18. SUSTAINABLE YACHT TOURISM PRACTICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Figen SEVİNÇ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Yacht tourism has become an important asset for the countries which consider tourism as a means of development due to its environment awareness, national and international investments, the volume of business, employment opportunities, foreign exchange income, socio-economic and socio-cultural impact, and an increasing number of investments and incentives for yacht tourism have made and used in a number of countries. In the presence of such rapid developments, the environmental damage caused by yacht tourism has been of importance for coastal countries, and action plans and special projects involving many countries have been developed in order to enhance the awareness of the sustainability of yacht tourism. Given that environment is not a limited source, it is blatant that national or international sustainable tourism practices have been essential for coastal countries and environmental threats are now so severe that they cannot be overlooked. The purpose of the study is to discuss sustainable tourism practices as a part of the measures to eliminate the negative impacts of yacht tourism and provide relevant suggestions.

  19. FDI in Tourism Sector and Economic Growth in Sumatra Utara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parhimpunan Simatupang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Globalization and neo liberal policies such as liberalization and privatization have generated a significant growth for FDI and considered an important source for capital and foreign currency, capable of spurring economic growth in developing countries. One sector that received particular attention, due to its significant contributions towards economic development, especially in Indonesia, is tourism. Tourism investments in Indonesia are mainly focused on the development of fully-integrated resort sites that help boost the construction of tourist facilities such as hotels and the development of the surrounding environment through social and cultural aspects. The total contribution of travel and tourism to GDP was IDR736.3 billion or 8.9% of GDP in 2012. Foreign direct tourism investments grew by 210% between 2011 and 2012, or at an annual compound average growth rate of 38% between 2006 and 2012. While the implications are at national level, not much could be gathered on the local perspectives. This paper intends to explore the implication of FDI in tourism sector towards economic growth in one of tourism attraction provinces in Indonesia—Sumatra Utara. Specifically, which economic factors contributed towards FDI inflows and their impacts on economic growth in Sumatra Utara.

  20. Attracting applicants on the web: PO fit, industry culture stereotypes, and website design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Goede, M.E.E.; van Vianen, A.E.M.; Klehe, U.-C.

    2011-01-01

    This study tested the extent to which industry culture stereotypes influence job-seekers' Person-Organization fit when job-seekers inspect organizations' websites. We proposed that PO fit would relate to Person-Industry (PI) fit, which is the fit between personal values and industry culture stereoty

  1. Attracting applicants on the web: PO fit, industry culture stereotypes, and website design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Goede, M.E.E.; van Vianen, A.E.M.; Klehe, U.-C.

    2011-01-01

    This study tested the extent to which industry culture stereotypes influence job-seekers' Person-Organization fit when job-seekers inspect organizations' websites. We proposed that PO fit would relate to Person-Industry (PI) fit, which is the fit between personal values and industry culture

  2. The Path of Tourism Collaborative Development in Qinghai under the Perspective of Conservation Culture%生态文明视域下青海旅游业协同发展路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈蓉; 李春花; 陈琼

    2015-01-01

    在生态文明建设背景下,重新审视旅游业的发展,是青海省在生态文明先行示范区建设进程中的重要问题。本文在系统论、协同理论思想指导下,提出旅游业在旅游吸引物、经济、环境及服务等方面的协同发展路径,旨在为青海省旅游业发展提供理论指导和实践借鉴。%At present ,it is an important problem in Qinghai that reviewing the development of tourism under the background of conservation culture .The paper explore the effective path of coordinated develop‐ment with tourist attractions ,economy ,environment and the service in the guide of system & coordination theory .The purpose is to provide theoretical guidance and practical reference for tourism development in Qinghai province .

  3. Community Participation Tourism Management Model of Tapee Plain Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Srisuwan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Cultural tourism plays an important role in the economy system of Thailand. This study, therefore, aims to investigate the following: (1 The tourism conditions in the community of Taa-Pee River Basin and also; (2 The possible guideline of organizing the cultural tourism, by all means, seeking active cooperation among the Taa-Pee River Basin community people who subsist or have been subject to the river basin and the surrounding conditions. Approach: This research was conducted in Surat-Thani Province. The sample consisted of 370 subjects obtained by Specified Random Sampling. The instruments used in data collection included the interview form and the observation forms constructed by the researcher. The data were also gathered by means of the Focus Group Discussion and the Participatory Workshop. The data obtained were then examined by the Qualitative Analysis. Then, the examined data were presented in Descriptive Analysis. Results: The results obtained and examined indicated the following: (1 The Taa-Pee River Basin community had long been the international trade/commercial center into which the transactions between the Arabian nations and China had entered into from the time before the seventh B.E. Most of the community people were of Sino-Thai, Semang and Malayan. They earned their living by doing agricultural farms or fishery. The community had their own outstanding unique, typical identity, advantageous for tourism. (2 The important problems of tourism management included the following: the tourist attractions were not fascinatingly attractive; There were few tourism activities; The tourism attractions were scarcely pioneered, renovated, improved and developed; Lack of exact personnel in charge who could be consecutively on duty; Lack the central sector to do the work related to management and providing massive wholeheartedly support. In brief, such deficiency accounted for the imperfect tourism

  4. Review on the Study of the Development of the Integration of Film & TV Culture and Tourism Industry%国内外影视文化与旅游产业融合发展研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左伟

    2015-01-01

    The integration of tourism industry and related industries has become a major trend of the develop-ment of the international tourism market,research on this field is,therefore,is attracting the attention from acade-mia. With an analysis of the journals and documents of relevant studies both at home and abroad,we discover the present research primarily focus on integration model,interactive development mechanism and influenced factors, etc. In terms of research methods,the typical models are mainly adopted in the present study,with qualitative and quantitative methods for relevant analysis. Three aspects of research and research methods both at home and abroad are analyzed so as to provide reference for the development of the integration of film&TV culture and tourism indus-try.%旅游产业与关联产业融合发展已经成为世界旅游市场发展的一大趋势。对该领域的研究也逐渐受到学术界的关注,通过对国内外相关书籍和期刊文献的分析,发现国内外研究的焦点主要集中在融合模式、互动发展机制与影响研究等三个方面。在研究方法上多以典型模式为例,运用定性与定量相结合的方法进行分析。对国内外三个研究方面以及研究方法进行分析,以期为中国影视文化与旅游产业融合发展提供借鉴。

  5. Indicators of sustainable tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovičić Dobrica

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The indicators, precisely describing the linkages between tourism and the environment, social and cultural base, are not easily available. How ever, some relevant organizations (WTO, EU, OECD, etc., institutions and experts, have been hardly working to create the indicators of sustainable tourism. Whereas the economic objectives are easily defined by the use of the traditional indicators used in national and business economics, it is very difficult to identify widely applicable environmental, social and cultural indicators. In order to stimulate and alleviate the process of sustainable tourism development, EU created the list of comparative indicators of sustainable tourism. In preparing this list, special attention is paid to identification of valid indicators of real tourism impacts on the social and cultural environment (the entire set of traditions, customs, history, hospitality and culture that characterize a given area, that is a very complex task. Assuming the fact that the related indicators have been analyzed in many European countries, this paper is focused on applying the related indicators in research of tourism development in villages of the Kosjerić community. .

  6. SUSTAINABLE EVENT TOURISM: CASE STUDY CITY OF PULA, CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Grzinic

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Modern tourism expands through cultural experience, which is reflected in economic, ecological and socio-cultural effects on destinations. Event tourism is a growing market segment and represents a challenge for all destination stakeholders. As the largest town in the Croatian part of Istria, the City of Pula represents a valid basis for the development of event tourism due to its coastal geography and rich cultural and historical heritage from antique, medieval and new age periods. The festival and event organisers in Pula use historical and cultural themes in order to develop annual attractions by which they draw in tourists and brand the destination. In this paper, the hypothesis is set on the lack of benefits from event organisation in the destination (the City of Pula in the ecological, economic and socio-cultural senses. In resolving of research problems with authorised representatives of local boards Arena, Monte Zaro and Stinjan, standardised, semi-structured and problem-centred interviews were conducted for the purposes of contribution to research relative to sustainability and responsibility of events in tourism.

  7. Rural and historical tourism in Dobrugea

    OpenAIRE

    Elena SIMA

    2014-01-01

    By its geographical location, the rural area from Dobrudgea has a diversified tourism potential, provided by the contrasting natural environmental factors, ranging from the oldest to the youngest relief units, natural protected areas, balneary resources and cultural, historical, religious sites, as well as multicultural local customs and traditions of the rural area. This potential can be used under various forms in the rural area: cultural tourism, historical tourism, religious tourism, ecot...

  8. STEREOTYPICAL FACTORS IN TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina-Elena ALBU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available International tourism has grown rapidly nowdays, contributing to the growth of the global economy. The purpose of this essay is to identify and analyze stereotypical factors in the development of strategies concerning the offer for the tourism industry: the image of a tourist destination, brand, country of origin and customer behaviour. Documentary study was the research method used: representative articles were analysed, as recent as possible, to determine the factors mentioned above. Professionals in the industry of tourism need to understand cultural differences between tourists, as well as those of the host country, to be able to create tourist reception offers that live up to the standards expected by clients.

  9. THE FESTIVALS AS A TOOL ON OHRID TOURISM DESTINATION BRANDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Strezovski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of the paper is about festivals in the southern west city in the Republic of Macedonia – Ohrid, empirical research of influence of the Ohrid summer festival on Ohrid tourism destination branding. Its strength to attract foreign tourist and the role of Ohrid municipality and tourism stockholders to use festival as a tool to attract more foreign tourist and branding Ohrid as a tourism destination. Nowadays, many tourist organization develop strategy for creating or support festivals on their destination. The festivals have strong influence of the destination attracting many foreign tourist. Some cities are branding as a festival cities, attract over million visitors per year. Ohrid summer festival as a member of European festival association, is the most important festival in Ohrid city but also in the country. The festival has the role to promote and present culture achievements from the country but also it is attractive factor for foreign tourist to visit Ohrid city and the region in the summer period. It is held from 12 of July until 20 of August each year. Ohrid municipality should incorporate Ohrid summer festival and other festivals in general promotion on Ohrid city. It should support and create new festivals.This paper presents an action research conducted on a sample of 150 foreign visitors on Ohrid summer festival during the festival from 12 July till 20 august 2010.

  10. Pattern of integrated development of cultural tourism resources in International Tourism and Culture Demonstration Zone of Southern Anhui Province%皖南国际旅游文化示范区文化旅游资源整合开发模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程晓丽; 胡文海

    2012-01-01

    Cultural tourism is the mainstream of modern tourism development. Since the in- terrelationship between tourism and culture is increasingly close, how to improve cultural meaning of tourism product is of vital importance to the long-term development of tourism industry all over the world. International Tourism and Culture Demonstration Zone of Southern Anhui Province consists of six cities of Huangshan, Chizhou, Xuancheng, Wu- hu, Ma'anshan and Tongling, as well as Qianshan county of Anqing city, and covers an ar- ea of 38220 square kilometers with a population of 106.96 million. It is listed as the one of the most potential tourism areas in Anhui for its abundance and high-quality in cultural tourism resources. However, many problems have emerged in the zone, to name but just a few, development at a lower level, weak industry chain, unclear tourism images and lack of typical cultural products. By analyzing the present situation and problems in the devel- opment of cultural tourism resources in this demonstration zone, the authors put forward patterns for the integration of cultural tourism resources, which involve regional integration pattern centered on space, product integration pattern based on market, image inte- gration pattern on the basis of marketing, and interaction and development pattern between culture and tourism on the basis of industry.%文化旅游是当今世界旅游发展的主流,旅游与文化的关联度渗透性日益增强,如何提升旅游产品的文化内涵,是世界各地旅游业长远发展的关键问题。皖南国际旅游文化示范区包括黄山、池州、宣城、芜湖、马鞍山、铜陵六市及安庆市的潜山县,辖34个县市区,总面积38220km^2,总人口1069.6万,是安徽省最具开发潜力的旅游板块,文化旅游资源的品位和富集度都很高,但是在开发过程中存在着开发层次较低、产业链条脆弱、整体旅游形象不明、缺乏王牌产品、整合开

  11. The Sustainable Development Research of Rural Tourism from Cultural Perspective in Datong%文化视角下的大同乡村旅游可持续发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华; 邵云芳

    2013-01-01

    This article analysized the development status and existing problems of rural tourism from cultural perspective in Da-tong, and pointed out the sustainable development direction of rural tourism in Datong by exploring the connotation of rural tourism culture and integrating rural tourism culture resources. And it put forward the development strategies of rural cultural tourism in Da-tong in order to improve the economic benefits, social and cultural environment benefits of rural tourism, so as to realize the sustain-able healthy development of rural tourism.%文化是旅游的灵魂,通过发掘乡村旅游的文化内涵和对乡村旅游文化资源的整合,提出大同乡村旅游可持续发展的方向和发展大同乡村文化旅游的策略,从而达到乡村旅游经济效益、社会效益和文化环境效益的共同提高,实现乡村旅游的持续健康发展。

  12. Research on Application of Edible Landscape in Rural Tourism: A Case of Dendrobium Landscape in Pu'er City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Caihong

    2016-01-01

    With our country's quick urbanization and modernization, the development of Pu'er's rural tourism in Yunnan Province shows a good tendency. So the exploitation and application of rural tourism has attracted increasingly attention from all walks of life. This paper starts with the current conditions and trends of both rural tourism and Dendrobium landscape in Pu'er, and then discusses the necessity and feasibility of the edible landscape application in Rural tourism. Based on this formula, the paper finally probes on the principles and the practical modes of it, in order to create good, healthful and reasonable rural tourist sights, realize its economic value, social value, cultural or spiritual value and ecological value, give a reference for the further study of rural tourism.

  13. Study on the Ways of Diet Culture Tourism Development in Guizhou%贵州饮食文化旅游发展路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超

    2016-01-01

    贵州拥有丰富的饮食文化,借助旅游发展时代机遇,贵州饮食文化旅游发展逐步受到社会重视。贵州饮食文化旅游发展可更好地推进贵州旅游的深度开发,但还存在自身特色饮食产品体系缺乏、优势饮食产品品牌缺少、饮食文化构建的基础环境落后、游客互动平台缺失等问题。因此提出加大宣传、提升服务质量、构建游客互动平台、提高专业从业人员素质和打造主题公园五个方面的路径,促进贵州饮食文化旅游的发展。%Guizhou is a place with a rich diet culture.With the opportunities of tourism development of the era,the tourism of diet culture in Guizhou is gradually valued by the society.Diet culture tourism can promote the depth of the tourism development in Guizhou.However,diet culture tourism in Guizhou is also facing problems such as lacking its own special diet product system and the famous brand food products,the basic constructions of diet culture is out of date,and there is no interactive platform for tourists.Therefore,in order to promote the development of Guizhou tourism,the author offers a proposal in five ways:intensifying its publicity,improving the service quality,constructing the interac-tive platform for tourists,improving the comprehensive quality of professional employees and building the theme park of diet culture in Guizhou.

  14. Unity through Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    Ethnographic film, Moesgård Film, Royal Anthropological Institute (59 min, 2011) Soanin Kilangit is determined to unite the people and attract international tourism through the revival of culture on Baluan Island in the South Pacific. He organizes the largest cultural festival ever held on the is......, performance, identity, cultural politics, exchange, and the impact of the West on traditional societies.”  — Karen Stevenson, American Anthropologist, September 2012......Ethnographic film, Moesgård Film, Royal Anthropological Institute (59 min, 2011) Soanin Kilangit is determined to unite the people and attract international tourism through the revival of culture on Baluan Island in the South Pacific. He organizes the largest cultural festival ever held...

  15. Economic Impact of Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela PĂDURE; Ion Adrian TURTUREANU

    2005-01-01

    As the traffic of tourists increased in a particular area, it was observed that environmental and ecological balances were disturbed due to over commercialization. The scenic beauty was made more ‘customer friendly’ and the natural tourism products more accessible and ‘saleable’ by man. Environmentalists are agitated about the damages and carelessness showed by the tourists. Culturally and socially, tourism can impact the destination country, but its effect cannot be solely attributable to si...

  16. Learning to Be a Culturally Responsive Teacher through International Study Trips: Transformation or Tourism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santoro, Ninetta; Major, Jae

    2012-01-01

    Recent rapid changes in the ethnic and cultural make-up of school communities have highlighted the need for teacher education to prepare teachers for culturally diverse contexts. International study trips provide direct experience and interaction with culturally diverse "others" as a way to extend pre-service teachers' understandings of…

  17. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the more communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing. So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. The qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make different impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of scenic spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyze the existing problems on translation of the names from the persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions are proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  18. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the mor communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. Th qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make differen impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of sceni spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyz the existing problems on translation of the names from th persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions ar proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  19. Tourism Destination Competitiveness: Rijeka Carnival Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Gračan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Event organization used to function as part of or as a support activity to the overall tourism industry. However, over the last decade, event organisation has grown so much so that it has evolved into an independent activity called event tourism. Event tourism, which includes organisation of festivals, concerts, business meetings, conferences, and exhibitions, has rapidly developed contributing to the overall tourism industry. Considering the long-term nature of global demand and supply, event tourism can be used to increase the attractiveness of the host city, attract visitors, and create new jobs and economic benefits. Although event tourism is expanding, it is difficult to quantify it. This paper includes a theoretical framework needed to understand event tourism, categorisation of events and an example of the Rijeka Carnival as a competitive advantage of the city of Rijeka.

  20. THE POTENTIAL AND CHALLENGES OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM IN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Flaviu Doru Neaga

    2015-01-01

    When talking about the concepts of tourism potential and heritage tourism, tourism professionals are using different terminologies and concepts, both in form and content. The tourism potential of a given space is defined as "all natural components, cultural-historical, socio-demographic, technical and economic, scientifically recognized, quantitatively, qualitatively, proven through practice and showing the possibilities for tourism and give specific functionality for tourism, to the extent t...

  1. The role of port operations in the development of cruise tourism: The case of port of Antalya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şirvan Şen Demir

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Cruise tourism, which is evaluated within marine tourism, has significant environmental, economic, and socio-cultural impacts on visited ports. Cruise tourism is an activity that provides economic income to the harbors and creates new jobs. The cruise tourism has an increasing demand in the recent years because cruise ship visitors both have an opportunity to see many countries and cities in a short time and have a vacation on a luxury ship, which has a comfort standard like a holiday village.  With her historical, cultural and natural attractions, Turkey is located in very strategic and convenient point and also Turkey is so close to destinations that cruise ships prefer to visit in the Mediterranean Basin. In 2014, approximately  22 million tourist travelled with cruise ships in the World and 1.8 million cruise passengers came to Turkey. The aim of this study is evaluate the development of cruise tourism in Turkey in terms of port operations.  In previous studies it has focused on the development of cruise tourism but has not been evaluated in terms of port operations perspective. Semi-structured interview technique was used in the study and interviewed with General Manager of Antalya Global Ports Holding, which is one of Turkey’s most important port operations. Turkey  and in the World cruise tourism is compared and has been reached important information about the development of cruise tourism.

  2. TOURISM INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Tourism First for Aba A tourism market regulatory body has been established in the Aba Zangzu Qiangzu Autonomous Prefecture, which is located in the northwest of Sichuan Province and along the southeastern fringe of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

  3. Arthroplasty tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Ian K; Wilson, Anthony

    The practice of "medical tourism" is gaining popularity. Lower costs and shorter waiting times are compelling motivating factors. There are also increasing commercial interests promoting medical tourism. There are very limited clinical data to support or refute this practice. However, medical tourism breaks important elements in the traditional health care model, including patient selection, continuity of care, and practice auditing. When complications arise, challenges specific to medical tourism patients may be encountered.

  4. 目的论视角下旅游文本的翻译%Translation of Tourism Texts from the Perspectiveof Skopos Theory:with the Translation of Tourism Text of China Shen Shou Art Gallery as a Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云

    2014-01-01

    The colorful exotic culture of China attracts millions of tourists .As the immediate tool of propaganda ,tourism texts assume the responsibility of communicating culture and attracting tourists .Skopos theory takes readers as the core of translation ,claiming that translators should convey the cultural information in source texts according to the purpose of trans-lation .Skopos theory highlights the purposes and functions of translation ;therefore ,it is an operational and instructive guideline of the tourism translation .With the translation of tourism text of China Shen Shou Art Gallery as a case study , this thesis attempts to discuss the effective strategies to the translation of tourism texts in the context of Skopos theory ,in attempts to improve the propagating effect of tourism texts and realize the expected communicative purpose of tourism texts .%试图在目的论的关照下,以中国沈寿艺术馆的旅游资料英译为例,探讨如何通过有效的翻译策略提高旅游资料英译文本的宣传效果,以实现它的预期交际目的。

  5. ECOTOURISM AS WAY OF DEVELOPMENT OF ECOLOGICAL CULTURE OF MODERN SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SKLADANOVSKA M. H.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Formulation of the problem. One of the main features of modern tourism is the concept of its development based on sustainable development. Ecotourism, provided cultural approach to its organization, is an important means to improve the level of ecological culture of society and quality of life, maintain a balance in nature and the balanced development of the regions of our country. The necessary condition for the attractiveness of green tourism is an information and education activities media about public 'associations, educational and socio-cultural organizations, cultural approach to the planning and management of tourism activities.

  6. 绿洲旅游文化景观资源场域生成机制探析%Field formation mechanism of oasis tourismculture landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄佛君; 段汉明; 金海龙

    2012-01-01

    Based on the Bourdieu's field theory,the national economic cultural landscape,social cultural landscape and cultural landscape of the spirit were created by the oasis nationality.The fields of oasis cultural landscape are constituted by the mosque(the Islamic culture and spiritual space field),Bazaar(physical space field) and the social space.The mechanism of conformation,the structure model,the evolution mechanism of tourism culture landscape of oasis were explained and interoperated.The field of oasis,the sub-field of cultural landscape of Muslim-Bazaar-social space were explained.And the oasis tourism generation mechanism,the structure model,the evolution mechanism also were interoperated and deduced.The depth of oasis cultural tourism resources development and protection could provide theoretical reference.%绿洲是干旱区特有的一种景观,绿洲的封闭性、分散性,惟水性,使得每一绿洲都是一个完整的文化景观场域,文中以布尔迪厄的场域理论为基础,以绿洲自然景观为基底,以绿洲为元场,以清真-巴扎-社会空间文化景观为子场,诠释、演绎了绿洲旅游文化景观的生成机理、结构模式、演变机制,以期为绿洲民族文化旅游资源的深度开发利用与保护提供理论参考。

  7. The Impact of Entrepreneurial Characteristics and Organisational Culture on Innovativeness in Tourism Firms

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Doris Gomezelj Omerzel

    2016-01-01

    .... Therefore, our research tries to examine the influence of different individual entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture dimensions on corporate innovativeness and any direct subsequent company growth...

  8. Cultural Voice from an Island Country on the Indian Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>Located on the southwestern Indian Ocean, the Republic of Seychelles with a beautiful scenery attracts a large number of tourists every year, 60 percent of its national revenues coming from tourism. Besides beautiful natural scenery, its perfect tourist facilities, multiple-ethnic cultures and rich and colourful sea sports are the main attractions for tourists.

  9. INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION IN TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Elena ALBU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Communication is involved in all social life acts, being the constituent factor of creation and of cultural processes. Cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue are intensely discussed topics in today's society which is marked by globalization. Cultural differences are the core subject for studies addressing intercultural communication. Good knowledge of other cultures is a necessary step to get to recognize the nature of these differences and to relate to others through attitudes of understanding and tolerance which are premises for genuine intercultural dialogue, especially in the tourism industry. While communication is an act of human relationships, culture is the motive of this act. In tourism, quality of communication is related to the level of the culture involved and to the degree of improvement of the means of which is done. Intercultural communication experiences help tourists to know and to appreciate other cultures, but also help them to a better understanding of their own culture.

  10. Inside the Pleasure Dome: Cultural Tourism on Australia’s Gold Coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Carson

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2018 the City of the Gold Coast in south-east Queensland, Australia, will host the next Commonwealth Games.  The City is made up a 57 km stretch of coastline and hinterland divided by a major highway. The famous surfing beaches are framed by high-rise development while the hinterland is marketed as a green, unspoilt environment.  The winning bid for the Games, and discussion about future infrastructure and marketing of the region’s attributes, has focussed attention on the way City residents and policy makers think about their region in broad terms. Whereas in the past tourism marketing has been directed towards the pleasures of sun and surf by day and bright lights by night, various regional tourist stakeholders are beginning to reorient their programs. This paper considers some of the competing aims of the various stakeholders in this region and the interaction of existing ‘cultures’ with new technology and the demands of permanent residents, using data from a case study of e-literary trails developed in Brisbane, the capital city of Queensland. The importance of tourist imaginaries as a basis for using rich accounts of the past for future planning is emphasized.

  11. LAUNCH INTERNATIONAL CIRCUIT IN RURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT THROUGH A TOURIST VILLAGE POLOVRAGI GORJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelaida Cristina HONTUŞ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism in rural areas, complementary to other forms of tourism, contribute to its support, giving them the necessary conditions to transform tourism travel holiday circuit. This area of the county, village Polovragi can and should become a tourist area of residence, a holiday destination for spending the whole year, because it responds not only motivation and knowledge of cultural tourism, but also other modern requirements: that the party free time in nature, which in fact seen in other countries. Along with other places in the county, Polovragi keeps the traditions and craftsmanship of Gorj, tourists can visit the workshops of craftsmen here or participate in folk events such as Fair or Fair Nedeia Polovragi year (from July 20, attracting a large number of tourists in Oltenia. Therefore, the tourist offer of settlement may include a folk product.

  12. An exploration study on factors influencing on market orientation: A case study of tourism industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Bagheri

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available During the past two decades, tourism industry has become popular among many researchers in developing countries. Tourism is able to attract substantial amount of investment to some areas where many investors are normally unwilling to invest in. This paper, presents important factors influencing market orientation in tourism industry based on the implementation of factor analysis. The proposed study designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 267 experts who are involved in tourism industry. Cronbach alpha has been calculated as 0.873, which validates the overall questionnaire. The results of factor analysis have indicated that six factors of market oriented, limiting rules and regulations, strategic competition, marketing planning culture, financial figures and top management.

  13. Cultural Tourism in Transnational Adoption: "Staged Authenticity" and Its Implications for Adopted Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroz, Pamela Anne

    2012-01-01

    The discursive practices of adoptive parents in two online transnational adoption forums (2006-2008) and observations of five international adoption workshops suggest that what Heather Jacobson described as "culture keeping", the cultural socialization of children that retains a sense of native group identity, is more aptly characterized as…

  14. Cultural Tourism in Transnational Adoption: "Staged Authenticity" and Its Implications for Adopted Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroz, Pamela Anne

    2012-01-01

    The discursive practices of adoptive parents in two online transnational adoption forums (2006-2008) and observations of five international adoption workshops suggest that what Heather Jacobson described as "culture keeping", the cultural socialization of children that retains a sense of native group identity, is more aptly characterized as…

  15. Comparative Assessment Of Coastal Tourism Potentials Of Selected Areas In Rivers State Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obinwanne

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The study examined coastal tourism potentials in Rivers State with emphasis on Opobo Bonny and Port Harcourt to determine the area that has comparative advantage for tourism development to optimally utilize resources. The study was conducted in Bonny Opobo and Port Harcourt of River State Nigeria. The area occupies the land close to the Atlantic Ocean within 60km radius from the coast. A survey design was adopted for the study. The instruments used were observation checklist and interview schedule. The instruments were tested for validity and reliability using five experts drawn from the field. The data collected were analyzed using ethnographic description method of analysis to answer research questions. The natural attractions found include mangrove forest sacred forests sacred rivers lakes beaches fishing rivers natural sources of drinking water and sanctuary. The cultural heritage resources were historical monument shrines museums different cultural festivals cultural materials and slave port. The man-made attractions were recreational park zoological garden and tourism village. It was found that there were more tourism potentials in Port Harcourt study site more than Bonny and Opobo sites and therefore Port Harcourt has comparative advantage over Bonny and Opobo for tourism development. Therefore efforts should be made and scarce resources utilized towards developing those coastal areas with best potentials and comparative advantage over others.

  16. Compare current and desired state of tourism in Iran, and its role in business development and entrepreneurship culture in the country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Khanpour

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Tourism development can be a large role in the employment and development of the culture of work and entrepreneurship. The purpose of this paper is to compare the existing situation and favorable tourism industry in Iran and its role in the development of entrepreneurship and business culture in the country and check the necessary infrastructure to develop the industry .In this study, the purpose of the type of functional and qualitative and quantitative approach is. Research methods and data analysis, descriptive statistics, as well as through statistical inference is. Statistical inference including t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient and to prioritize infrastructure test is performed the relevant investigation Friedman .The statistical population consists of experts and technical and professional education organization of professionals in the country and the Organization's cultural heritage and tourism .The results obtained show that the relationship between Infrastructures, there are significant with each other, both to and through the difference between Friedman's test Infrastructures there And the most important skill infrastructure and economic infrastructure have the least importance.

  17. 浅析酒文化旅游资源开发%Analysis of Developing Tourism of Wine Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽君

    2013-01-01

    As a kind of special tourism resources, wine culture covers local branded wines, ceremony and customs about wines, wine con-tainers, historical sites, masterpieces and figures related to wines and making processes. With varieties of wine-related products and local realities, we should research and develop wine culture tour by balancing economic growth, the environmental care and resource conserva-tion. We should work to build brands and innovate products featuring wine culture while giving attention to tourist's on-spot involvement, festivities and learning successes and lessons from foreign peers of sustained development.%我国的酒文化作为一种特殊的旅游资源,包括地方名酒、酒礼与酒俗、酒器、历史遗迹、酒与名人名作、酿酒工艺等内容。酒文化旅游资源在其开发方法方面具有多样性和独特性,在开发过程中要综合考虑经济、环境和能效等因素,突出酒文化特色,树立品牌意识;加强游客的参与性、体验性;充分挖掘文化内涵,进行全方位的创新与发展;注重节事活动的带动作用;借鉴国外成功的经验,开发与保护相结合。

  18. Managament in Tourism and Environment Protection

    OpenAIRE

    Edna Mrnjavac; Branka Berc Radišić; Nadia Pavia

    2008-01-01

    Tourist activities motivate tourists to visit a destination. Tourism evaluates motives and protects them largely from harmful influences. Tourism evaluation aims to establish the value of natural tourist attractions and of those created by humans. Along with tourist attractions, destinations are also evaluated in order to find out about their utility. The evaluation of a destination and its particular attractions is expressed by the realized tourist traffic for the observed period. Protectio...

  19. Tourism Methodologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This volume offers methodological discussions within the multidisciplinary field of tourism and shows how tourism researchers develop and apply new tourism methodologies. The book is presented as an anthology, giving voice to many diverse researchers who reflect on tourism methodology in different...... in interview and field work situations, and how do we engage with the performative aspects of tourism as a field of study? The book acknowledges that research is also performance and that it constitutes an aspect of intervention in the situations and contexts it is trying to explore. This is an issue dealt...

  20. The Classification of Wine Culture-oriented Tourism Resources%酒文化旅游资源的分类研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李林; 洪雅文; 罗仕伟

    2015-01-01

    在遵守同属性、对应性、层次性、系统性原则分类逻辑的前提下,参照《旅游资源分类、调查与评价》(GB/T18972—2003)中旅游资源分类的方法并结合酒文化和旅游资源的实际,按照酒文化旅游资源的表现形式即资源的形态来划分,将旅游资源分为自然旅游资源和人文旅游资源两大类。在此基础上,按照酒文化旅游资源的要素进一步划分,将酒文化旅游资源分类体系划分为3个层面:2个主类(自然资源、人文资源);9个亚类(酿酒原料种植园、水体、生物、酒历史古迹、特色建筑类、社会风情等);25个基本类型。%In compliance with the classification principles of the same attributes, correspondence, hierarchy, and systematicness, and with refer-ence to the classification methods in Tourism Resource Classification, Investigation and Evaluation (GB/T 18972-2003) in combination with local actual situations of wine culture and tourism resources, in this paper, wine culture-oriented tourism resources was classified into two cate-gories including natural tourism resources and human tourism resources according to its manifestation forms. On this basis, the elements of wine culture-oriented tourism resource were further divided into three levels:two main categories in the first level (natural resources and hu-man resources), nine sub-categories in the second level (wine-making material plantations, water environment, environmental microbiology, wine-making history and historical sites, architectural buildings, and social customs etc.), and 25 basic types in the third level.

  1. Editorial Introduction. After the Carnival: Tourism and Community Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovel, Hermione; Feuerstein, Marie-Therese

    1992-01-01

    Considers the following questions: How is tourism linked to community development? Who benefits economically? What is the impact on the environment? Does tourism promote respect for other cultures, or does it trivialize cultural differences? (SK)

  2. A cultural interpretation of ethnic tourism: Case study of Honghe Hani Rice Terrace

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, Tom; Zhang, Ying; Chan, Jin Hooi

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses the challenges to ensure sustainable development in the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Honghe Rice Terraces in Yunnan, China. It takes a cultural interpretation of minority ethnic views on environmental conservation and protection.

  3. THE NIGHT OF MUSEUMS - A BOOST FACTOR FOR THE CULTURAL DIMENSION OF TOURISM IN BUCHAREST

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Daniela Dumbraveanu; Anca Tudoricu; Ana Craciun

    2014-01-01

      The Night of Bucharest Museums has initially been a quite isolated, museum focussed and rather individualistic event which has progressively developed over the past ten years into a cultural process...

  4. TOURISM'S CHANGING FACE: NEW AGE TOURISM VERSUS OLD TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molnar Elisabeta

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Times are changing and so are the demands and expectations of the 'new' traveller, the search for different experiences, different adventures, different lifestyles has paved the way for this concept called the 'new tourism' Attention is being turned to exploring new frontiers or daring to go where traditional thought did not allow. "New" tourists however, are increasingly being seen to be environmentally sensitive, displaying respect for the culture of host nations and looking to experience and learn rather than merely stand back and gaze. "New" tourists are participators not spectators. Things that would never appear on the list of the "mass" tourist such as adventure, getting of the beaten track and mingling with the locals are now the foundations of the new tourist experiences. Responding to the shift in market dynamics towards a "New" style of tourist, a number of initiatives have or are likely to fuel the growth of experiential tourism, these include: network tourism initiatives; the development of interpretive highways; the explosion of interpretive centers;the latest trend towards regional base camps. A new era has arrived, and a new kind of tourism is emerging, sustainable, environmentally and socially responsible, and characterized by flexibility and choice. A new type of tourist is driving it: more educated, experienced, independent, conservation-minded, respectful of cultures, and insistent on value for money. Typically these tourists are turning away from travel and prefer to have a high level of involvement in the organisation of their trip.

  5. Tourism as a Poverty Reduction Tool: The Case of Mukuni Village in the Southern Province of Zambia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Horák

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Globally, tourism is becoming one of the cornerstones of national economic growth and as a means of poverty alleviation, especially in the tourist attractions in rural areas. This article assesses the levels of utilization of tourism potentials in Zambia, in general, and the Mukuni village in the Southern province in Zambia, in particular, with reference to poverty reduction. The world famous Victoria Falls is situated in the Southern province and therefore this area is the most visited places in Zambia and attracts more tourists throughout the whole year. The main income of the local people, which includes the Tonga tribe comes from tourism. Even though tourism has brought positive results, including the realization of some local development projects and prosperity to the people, it has also brought some negative effects such as sociocultural change, pollution and waste in the tourist destination areas in Zambia.For the Mukuni people and Zambia as a whole to fully exploit tourism potentials, stricter laws protecting the destruction of the environment and the preservation culture of the indigenous people should be enforced in the tourist destination areas. The government should use the levy from tourism to provide better infrastructure, create job opportunities and create wealth within the tourist areas for sustainable tourism development and poverty reduction.

  6. Using social media to measure the contribution of red list species to the nature-based tourism potential of African protected areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willemen, Louise; Cottam, Andrew J.; Drakou, Evangelia G.;

    2015-01-01

    most attractive to nature-based tourism are the Lion, African Elephant and Leopard. Combining the photo counts with species range data, African protected areas with the highest potential to attract wildlife tourists based on attractive species occurrence were Samburu National Reserve in Kenya, Mukogodo...... Forest Reserve located just north of Mount Kenya, and Addo Elephant National Park in South-Africa. The proposed method requires only three data sources which are freely accessible and available online, which could make the proposed index tractable for large scale quantitative ecosystem service...... services for large areas. In this paper we explore a method to quantify cultural benefits through the enjoyment of natured-based tourism, by assessing the potential tourism attractiveness of species for each protected area in Africa using the IUCN's Red List of Threatened Species. We use the number...

  7. The Tourism Education Futures Initiative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dredge, Dianne; Schott, Christian; Daniele, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, it has become increasingly obvious that tourism education needs serious rethinking. Surging growth in tourism arrivals and receipts, going strong since the middle of the twentieth century, spurred a proliferation of tourism programs in higher education to meet the demands...... of the burgeoning industry. As more complex understandings about tourism began to emerge, however, it became clear that equating the industrialization and growth of tourism with social and economic progress was far too simplistic – indeed, increases in visitation and receipts do not always reap positive benefits....... Simultaneously, rapid socio-cultural and economic changes are afoot, which are rendering the future increasingly uncertain. The jobs of today are markedly different from those of yesterday, and it seems certain that those of tomorrow will be different still. Students entering the tourism sector, with its high...

  8. Tourism in Romania, after 1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramona ARSENE

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available With complex representative tourist areas, Romania has had a significant tourism potential (Fagaras Country, Barsa Country, Hateg Country, Dorna Country, Prahova Valley, Buzau Valley, Olt Valley, Teleajen, Valley, Jiu Valley ,Vrancea Country, boilers Danube, Transylvanian plateau, Mountains National Park, National Park Semenic National Park Retezat, Nera Gorge, Székely, edge Sibiu, Rucar Bran road, Danube Delta, Romanian Black Stone Land respectively which, in my view, was not sufficient value.Highlighting the tourism potential of our country, creating, in fact, tourist attractiveness depends directly by basic technical and service quality without which no tourist assets, however valuable, can not be realized.Romanian tourism offer was and is, in this view, faced with numerous problems that we believe should be considered in greater development programs, developed throughout the country and regional level.Keywords: tourism potential, tourist offer, types of tourism, service quality, specific statistical indicators, value for money.

  9. 论贵州安顺屯堡的饮食文化与旅游开发%On Tunbao Catering Culture and Tourism Development in Anshun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜成材

    2012-01-01

    Catering culture varies from region to region and from nationality to nationality.In light of analysis generative mechanism of catering culture,concerns are placed on the relations between Tunbao catering culture and culture-supported life environment. Based on this,the article probes into the approaches for integrating Tunbao catering culture with tourism development and adopts effective development strategies so as to develop catering culture and tourism in Anshun.%每个民族、每个地域都有自己特有的饮食文化。通过对贵州省屯堡地区饮食文化生成机制的分析,关注屯堡饮食文化及支撑文化的生活环境之间的关系,在此基础上探究屯堡饮食文化与旅游开发融合的路径,采取有效的开发策略,实现饮食文化旅游开发目的。

  10. Land, Environmental Externalities and Tourism Development

    OpenAIRE

    Ibáñez, Javier Lozano; Palmer, Javier Rey-Maquieira; Gómez, Carlos Mario Gómez

    2004-01-01

    In a two sectors dynamic model we analyze the process of tourism development based on the accumulation of capital (building of tourism facilities) and the reallocation of land from traditional activities to the tourism sector. The model incorporates the conflict between occupation of the territory by the tourism facilities, other productive activities and availability of cultural, natural and environmental assets that are valued by residents and visitors. We characterize the process of touris...

  11. Socio-economics impacts of tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Filiposki, Oliver; Ackovska, Marija; Petroska Angelovska, Neda; Metodijeski, Dejan

    2016-01-01

    Tourism is a global phenomenon in which different cultures, nations and races intertwines, in order to satisfy the tourist as a content consumer. Tourism sector contributes a lot to the overall world economy, and society. Tourism is the economic division that continually evolves in any national economy, the statistical data represent that 2010-2014 it was developed by over 3% annually. Tourism is also a branch that does not absorb the benefits of the national economy, but it...

  12. A Research into the Revolution of Suzhou’s Tourism Culture According to the New Forms of Tourism%基于新型旅游方式的苏州旅游文化变革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高建国

    2015-01-01

    苏州旅游文化有遗产丰富、管理完善、目标单一、短线为主等特点。随着新型旅游方式的不断涌现,苏州旅游业需要转变观念,努力开发新型旅游产品,打造“江南水乡”和“苏州雨巷”等新型景观概念,出版分类旅游地图册,建设苏州旅游文化书店和苏州(江南)土特产工艺品大卖场,研发更先进的智能“旅游通”,全方位提升苏州旅游文化形象。%The tourist culture of Suzhou boasts of the features of the rich heritage resources, complete management, single destinations and short-distance itineraraies. Suzhou tourism needs to change concept, and make efforts to develop new tourism products and create the new concept of landscape such as“Jiangnan Water Township”and“Suzhou Rain Lane”and so on, to publish classiifed tourist maps, to establish Suzhou tourist culture bookstores and Suzhou (Jiangnan) native craf ts mall, to research and develop a new generation of intelligent“travel pass”, so as to improve the general tourist image of Suzhou.

  13. The Arctic tourism in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yury F. Lukin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the new book "Arctic tourism in Russia" the basic concepts, resource potential, attractiveness (from Lat. Attrahere: to attract, opportunities and threats of environmental, cruise, international, and other types of tourism in the Arctic are system-based analyzed, for the first time in the literature. The sphere of tourism has becoming an integral sector of the economy, having a multiplicative effect for the development of infrastructure, social services, employment. Reference materials about the tourism products in the Russian Arctic and Far North regions are published, including the Arkhangelsk and Murmansk regions; Republic of Karelia, Komi, Sakha (Yakutia; Nenets, the Yamalo-Nenets, Khanty-Mansiysk, the Chukotka Autonomous Districts; Taimyr Dolgan-Nenets Municipal District, Turukhansk district, the city of Norilsk of the Krasnoyarsk region; Magadan region, Kamchatka region.

  14. A Case Study of Ethnic Minorities as Tourism Entrepreneurs: Their Involvement in Sustainable Tourism Development

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    Ceren Miral

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Most tourism activities excluding the e-tourism activities as matter of their nature (service taker and provider take place face to face between people. In addition tourism activities encourage bonding people both for tourists and the tourism services providers. Tourism creates cohesion for many different cultural groups. One of the cities in Turkey, Izmir is a good example with including too many culturally oriented groups such as Levantines, Greek, Jewish, rarely Armenians. In this paper there are two research questions are hold; how is being the other (ethnic minority as tourism entrepreneurs in tourism industry in Izmir and their involvement in sustainable tourism development is investigated and if tourism activities help connecting different cultural groups together and closer is investigated. So regarding these research questions, the research methodology in this paper is qualitative. For that reason, semi structured interview technique is applied to people are belong to different cultural groups and identities whom entrepreneurs in tourism industry. Semi structured interview technique is a commonly used an interview method depending on providing deep understanding of participants` perceptions, thoughts and behaviors. In general, understanding of the other brings feeling respect to others` cultural beliefs and lifestyle and this will make peace and harmony to where they live together. As a result, with the light of these research questions being the other entrepreneurship in sustainable tourism development in Izmir is evaluated. Furthermore, in this research is tried to indicate the advantageous and disadvantageous and importance of different cultural groups for sustainable tourism development

  15. Sustainable tourism chance for development Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Lugonja Aleksandar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina is reach in many resources such as geographical position, climate, nature. Neither its government nor its people realize the huge potential and possible benefits that tourism can bring about helping them to prosper economically. Tourism is playing more and more important role in national and local economies. There is no evidence that this trend will decline. Visitors can significantly contribute to the local and national economy and the economic multiplier effect of this spend, in turn, supports employment and secondary tourist facilities. Similarly, in the determination of future proposals that could impact on the setting, character and appearance of its potentials, special care is needed by planners and promoters to assess its potential. The key to the sustainable approach to tourism and the cultural heritage is the preparation of appropriate master plan that takes into account the identified overall effects in order to guide the course of development in a way that protects those very resources that attract visitors and that does not cause in the short, medium and long term any reduction in their character or appearance. In the present tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is at a low level of development and international competitiveness, but according to projections UNWTO, and in accordance with the "Vision for Tourism to 2020 years", should that become a strategic economic sector in the coming period which will contribute to economic prosperity, economic growth and development of national economy.

  16. Development of sustainable tourism in the case of nature park Karwendel, Austria

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    Gradinac Oliver

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of sustainable tourism development is set so as to satisfy the present needs of tourists, so that their impact on nature is minimized, so that future generations can satisfy their travel needs in natural preserved areas. Sustainable development is the most complex concept that can be applied to tourism. Due to its complexity, it is not possible to determine precisely the definition of sustainable development, but it can be understood as a continuous process of achieving a balanced economic, environmental and social objectives. Likewise, sustainable tourism is a goal we should strive constantly. Tourism in protected areas should be organized so as to reveal their hidden values to visitors, and that doing so does not violate the peace and harmony of the ecosystem, monuments of material culture and way of life of local communities. The aim of this study is to contribute, through experience in sustainable development of tourism in the nature park Karwendel, to establishing of a model of development of tourism in protected areas with the participation of all stakeholders. The model of ecotourism development should lead tobalance of all components of the tourism product (attractive resources, infrastructure, equipment, organization, activities and experiences. We used an analytical and synthetic methods, qualitative case study, and missing data were collected through interviews.

  17. Comparisons of stakeholders’ perception towards the sustainable tourism development and its impacts in Shkodra Region (Albania

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    Drita Kruja

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is one of the world’s fastest growing industries, and has been identified as a means of generating national income in less industrialized economies. Like other countries, Albania has promoted tourism as a major source of national income. The tourism industry in Albania currently focuses on coastal areas, rather than on the unique features that set this country apart from its neighbors. Albania’s natural features have the potential to attract tourists seeking ecological and cultural experiences. Thoughtful, sustainable development of these resources could enhance community livelihoods throughout Albania. The purpose of this study was to discover if differences in perceptions of sustainable tourism development and principles in Shkodra Region existed between four stakeholder groups: residents, entrepreneurs, government officials, and tourists. Data were collected from stakeholders using a self competed questionnaire, which included Likert-style questions inquiring about attitudes and perceptions of sustainable tourism development in the community. The data gathered illustrate that the perception of sustainable tourism principles varies considerably among stakeholder groups. As a distinct stakeholder group, the majority of local residents generally were welcoming of tourism.

  18. 山西省文化旅游资源的特征与文化产业发展模式%Characteristics of cultural tourism resources and the modes of cultural industry development in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙玉梅; 秦俊丽

    2011-01-01

    文化旅游是当今世界旅游发展主流,如何提升旅游资源中的文化底蕴,是世界各地旅游业长远发展的关键问题.山西省有着丰富多样的文化旅游资源,如何提升旅游资源中的文化底蕴,实现旅游与文化很好联姻,引领文化产业的发展,成为山西旅游业向前发展的必经之路.通过对山西文化旅游资源开发利用现状与特征的分析,提出了基于山西文化旅游资源合理开发利用的文化产业发展的五种模式,即以旅游产业开发与文化产业互动发展模式,以古建筑和古遗址为主的保护性开发模式,以影视、演艺和民间艺术为主的市场性开发模式,以文化体制机制创新为主的多元投融资模式和以政策为依托的政府引导模式等.处理好文化旅游资源开发与保护的关系,采取政府引导和市场主导相结合的方式推动山西文化产业的健康持续发展.%Currently, cultural tourism is a mainstream in the development of tourism in the world. Shanxi has rich in cultural tourism resources. It is the only wayout for Shanxi to enhance the sightseeing resources to take the lead in the development of the cultural industry so that its tourism and culture could be blended. Based on the analysis of the current situation of the development and utilization of the tourism resources in Shanxi, the authors believe that in the development of the cultural industry this province should take five different modes according to local conditions, namely, the interactive development mode of tourist industry and cultural industry based on the development of cultural tourism resources, the protective development mode focusing on ancient buildings and sites, the market development mode that is centered on movies, performing arts and folk arts, the multiple investing & financing mode focusing on the innovation of cultural systems and mechanisms and the government-guiding mode relying on policies, etc. In the process of the

  19. Urban cultural landscapes, opportunity for the conservation of heritage and the sustainable tourism

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    Manuel Antonio Zárate Martín

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows the relevance of the “urban views” and of the “inner urban scenes” as motivation for the tourist visit of the historical cities and the necessity to develop strategies for its putting in value like tourist product. The “urban cultural landscapes” would generate wealth and employment, and, therefore, they would be an alternative to policies that put the intensives uses of the ground in front to considerations of identity and cultural type. That will be the only way to stop the threats that overfly the urban cultural landscapes, in spite of we are far from the periods of fast population increase and strong urbanization like was the 1960 years and the second half of the 1990 until 2007.

  20. Le partenariat « viticulteurs-institutionnels du tourisme » : clé de voûte d'un oenotourisme performant.

    OpenAIRE

    Debos, Franck

    2008-01-01

    International audience; Wine is more important than a simply beverage or economic sector. It is civilizations major symbol and form a part of our own history and culture. Wine can also settle a carrier theme for tourism. The subject of this article consist to identify work track for create attractive vine-growing tourism product and also to demonstrate the importance of partnership between vine-growers and tourism actors.; Le vin représente bien plus qu'une boisson. Indépendamment de son poid...