WorldWideScience

Sample records for cultural tourism applications

  1. CULTURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana POP

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we will try to analyse the cultural tourism. We will start by referring to the complex concepts of tourism and culture and to the synergies existing between them. We will define cultural tourism and present its appearance and evolution as well as its importance as a modern form of tourism. We will present the various types of cultural tourism with their characteristics and the specific features of cultural tourists according to their interests. We will also mention that there are advantages and disadvantages for any kind of tourism depending on the position – local communities, companies or tourists. For the future we will refer to the new partnership between UNWTO and UNESCO.

  2. Cultural tourism and tourism cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Presenting a comprehensive and dynamic understanding of cultural tourism, this volume examines cultural mediators and how they help tourists appreciate foreign cultures. It also shows how tourism experiences are strategically crafted by mediators, the complexity of the mediation process, and how...... various products are mediated differently. A number of different products are investigated, including destination brand identities, "living" cultures and everyday life, art and history. The author illustrates his arguments by comparing the tourism strategies of Copenhagen and Singapore, and demonstrates...... how tourism is an agent for social change. The author also offers an original and refreshing way of understanding tourist behaviour through the concept of the "versatile tourist". The book's empirical cases and dialogic framework provide new and deep insights into tourism activities. In his...

  3. CONTRIBUTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM ON TURKISH ECONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The positive effects of Turkey’s tourism sector on the economy are increasing with each passing day. To increase tourism revenues that have a positive contribution on Turkey’s current account balance year by year, have a great importance. Therefore, the diversification of tourism types and expansion of deseasonalized cultural tourism applications are necessary. For such purposes within this work, cultural tourism has been introduced by mentioning about the place of the tourism in the economy....

  4. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CULTURAL TOURISM

    OpenAIRE

    Zrinka Zadel; Sinisa Bogdan

    2013-01-01

    The subject of analysis in the paper is economic impact of cultural tourism and identification of the main factors which directly affect cultural tourism revenues. Most countries do not have a statistical system of monitoring and analysing individual factors of cultural tourism such as the number of arrivals of cultural tourists and consumption of cultural tourists. Therefore, it is hard to assess the economic impact of cultural tourism. In cultural tourism, cultural assets are prepared and p...

  5. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CULTURAL TOURISM

    OpenAIRE

    Zrinka Zadel; Sinisa Bogdan

    2013-01-01

    The subject of analysis in the paper is economic impact of cultural tourism and identification of the main factors which directly affect cultural tourism revenues. Most countries do not have a statistical system of monitoring and analysing individual factors of cultural tourism such as the number of arrivals of cultural tourists and consumption of cultural tourists. Therefore, it is hard to assess the economic impact of cultural tourism. In cultural tourism, cultural assets are prepared and p...

  6. Designing Multi-Channel Web Frameworks for Cultural Tourism Applications: The MUSE Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garzotto, Franca; Salmon, Tullio; Pigozzi, Massimiliano

    A framework for the design of multi-channel (MC) applications in the cultural tourism domain is presented. Several heterogeneous interface devices are supported including location-sensitive mobile units, on-site stationary devices, and personalized CDs that extend the on-site experience beyond the visit time thanks to personal memories gathered…

  7. Kitsch and cultural tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Petroman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The urban area covers a high density of structures developed by man compared to the surrounding areas. Cultural tourism includes, on the one hand, cultural tourism in urban areas – particularly historical towns and cities with cultural sites such as museums or theatres – and, on the other hand, cultural tourism in rural areas – where its main goal is to focus on communities, festivals, rituals, and traditions. From the point of view of the practice of urban or rural cultural tourism, tourists are, in most cases, presented what they wish to see: thus, authenticity can turn into inauthenticity and what is promoted is vulgar art or improper beauty, surrogate art or even pseudo-art – kitsch, represented by souvenirs that have nothing to do with true art.

  8. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CULTURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zrinka Zadel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The subject of analysis in the paper is economic impact of cultural tourism and identification of the main factors which directly affect cultural tourism revenues. Most countries do not have a statistical system of monitoring and analysing individual factors of cultural tourism such as the number of arrivals of cultural tourists and consumption of cultural tourists. Therefore, it is hard to assess the economic impact of cultural tourism. In cultural tourism, cultural assets are prepared and placed on the tourist market, i.e. cultural resources are transformed into cultural tourism products. The main objective is fulfilling tourists' needs, and achieving positive effects which includes economic effects. Identification of the economic impact of cultural tourism is important because cultural resources have an inestimable value for the local community. Tourism valorisation should be used in order to achieve the necessary maximum effects with minimum negative impacts which tourism may leave on cultural resources. The objective of the paper is to identify the economic contribution of cultural tourism in the Republic of Croatia and to propose a model of identification of economic impact of cultural tourism.

  9. Cultural participation and tourism flows

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borowiecki, Karol Jan; Castiglione, Concetta

    2014-01-01

    The importance of cultural events for attracting tourism has often been posited in research, but rarely rested in relation to non-cultural activities. This paper investigates the association between participation in entertainment activities and tourism flows in Italian provinces, and finds...

  10. Strategic Management of Cultural-Tourism Resources

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Graèan; Zrinka Zadel; Andreja Rudanèiæ-Lugariæ

    2010-01-01

    contact with local residents. Cultural tourists are in their traveling motivated by cultural-tourism resources including culture of a particular population and destination, their tradition, meeting different lifestyles, and visiting material cultural heritage … Within cultural tourism, tourists search for authentic experiences affecting cultural-tourism resources. Cultural resources represent potential tourist resources. With transformation of cultural resources from potential into real ones,...

  11. Socio-cultural impacts of contemporary tourism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jovicić, Dobrica

    2011-01-01

    .... The social and cultural impacts of tourism are the ways in which tourism is contributing to changes in value systems, individual behavior, family structure and relationships, collective lifestyle...

  12. The power of Virtual Globes for valorising cultural heritage and enabling sustainable tourism: NASA World Wind applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brovelli, M.; Hogan, P.; Minghini, M.; Zamboni, G.

    2013-10-01

    Inspired by the visionary idea of Digital Earth, as well as from the tremendous improvements in geo-technologies, use of virtual globes has been changing the way people approach to geographic information on the Web. Unlike the traditional 2D-visualization typical of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), virtual globes offer multi-dimensional, fully-realistic content visualization which allows for a much richer user experience. This research investigates the potential for using virtual globes to foster tourism and enhance cultural heritage. The paper first outlines the state of the art for existing virtual globes, pointing out some possible categorizations according to license type, platform-dependence, application type, default layers, functionalities and freedom of customization. Based on this analysis, the NASA World Wind virtual globe is the preferred tool for promoting tourism and cultural heritage. This is because its open source nature allows unlimited customization (in terms of both data and functionalities), and its Java core supports platform-independence. Relevant tourism-oriented World Wind-based applications, dealing with both the Web promotion of historical cartography and the setup of a participatory Web platform exploiting crowd-sourced data, are described. Finally, the paper presents a project focusing on the promotion of the Via Regina area (crossing the border between Italy and Switzerland) through an ad hoc World Wind customization. World Wind can thus be considered an ideal virtual globe for tourism applications, as it can be shaped to increase awareness of cultural history and, in turn, enhance touristic experience.

  13. Perspectives of cultural tourism in the modern tourism market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilinčić Marina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The last decades of the XX century, which the United Nations declared the decade of cultural tourism in the world, have contributed to encouraging people to think about the question of how tourism can contribute to the development of heritage and culture, or how tourism the same may compromise. However, the cultural offer today, is an essential and important part of a modern tourist offer, without which it can no longer be imagined, as cultural tourism is becoming an increasingly important segment of the global tourism market. It had a great share in the expansion of a tourist demand and tourist offer and their profiling, leading to a whole series of specific forms of tourism in its embrace, and today more attention is paid to the industrial heritage, cultural routes, cultural landscapes and similar, as current forms of cultural tourism in the modern tourism market. In fact, theorists of tourism are now faced with a number of new types of tourist movements which have resulted in the creation of various forms of cultural tourism that were not even discussed in the last century, and the fact is that a change in tourist demand brings new habits and new needs that can be implemented only through special forms of tourism.

  14. From Cultural Tourism to Creative Tourism : European Perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Richards, G.W.

    2002-01-01

    Cultural tourism is seen as a major growth market in Europe, although empirical evidence is still relatively sparse. An analysis is presented of the ATLAS survey data for 2002 as well as research conducted at the Rotterdam Cultural Capital Event in 2001. These data indicate that cultural tourism gro

  15. Bali: Between Cultural and Marine Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nyoman Darma Putra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis paper discusses the potential of marine tourism in Bali and its contribution toward the development of sustainable tourism. While marine and cultural tourism form two distinct categories, in Bali there are many cultural activities that take place on beaches, or coastal areas that become unique tourist attractions. Therefore, in this paper, I willalso introduce an expanded view of marine tourism that would include, for instance, the observation of processions and rituals on beaches. Exploring the interconnections between marine and cultural tourism may help us come upwith new strategies for the sustainability of tourism in Bali as a whole. In addition to aiming at sharing the experiences of Bali in managing and promoting its marine tourism potential, this paper also seeks feedback on better waysto manage marine tourism in order to achieve tourism sustainability for the island.

  16. On the Application of Ceramic Culture to Tourism Development%简论景德镇陶瓷文化在旅游开发中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇华; 张庆勇; 舒利民

    2012-01-01

    The research into Jingdezhen ceramic culture and tourism are mainly reflected in two respects.One is the definition of ceramic culture,connecting material aspect to spiritual aspect.The other is the plan for ceramic culture in tourism operations.In the process of tourism operation,the ceramic culture relates to the study of city image shaping and the planning of ceramic cultural tourism products.While the ceramic cultural tourism products development includes the porcelain art and packaging design,handmade ceramic experience tourism,ceramic professional training trip,ceramic industrial tourism and so forth.Rested on the research into ceramic cultural tourism products,this paper deems that the academia should explore the development of micro ceramic cultural tourism product,and make researches into the innovative scheme of macro ceramic cultural tourism product.In this way,it can prop up the grand structure of researches into the application of ceramic cultural tourism,and work out a magnificent,perfect and elaborate vision image of tourism products.%景德镇陶瓷文化与旅游的研究主要体现在两个方面。一是陶瓷文化界定,从陶瓷文化的物质层面与精神层面结合起来讨论;二是陶瓷文化在旅游运作中的谋划。陶瓷文化在旅游运作过程中涉及旅游城市形象塑造的研究与陶瓷文化旅游产品规划的研究。陶瓷文化旅游产品规则包括旅游瓷的艺术设计与包装、手工制瓷体验旅游、陶瓷专业研修之旅、陶瓷工业旅游等。基于上述陶瓷文化旅游产品研究,本文认为学界既要进行微观的陶瓷文化旅游产品开发的探讨,更要进行宏观的陶瓷文化旅游产品的创意方案研究,这样才能架构起陶瓷文化旅游应用研究的宏大框架,由此才能勾画出一个宏阔、完善与详尽的陶瓷文化旅游产品远景图像。

  17. Splintering of tourism market: new appearing forms of cultural tourism as a consequence of changes in everyday lives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelincić, Daniela Angelina

    2009-03-01

    Within the concept of cultural tourism, this article defines relatively new concepts of creative and hobby tourism, which are detected as recent niche markets. Cultural tourism is a narrow specialized market, while creative and hobby tourism relate to even more specialized segments. Even these specialized forms of tourism have their market whose growth is very probable taking into account changes in everyday work as well as changes in the values of human activity in general. These changes reflect also the sector of tourism, which is obvious in the ever growing splintering of tourism market as well as of tourism forms. The article reviews theoretical concepts of cultural, creative and hobby tourism as to prepare the basis for applied tourist programmes. It looks into the history of cultural tourism as to see what changes occurred and brought it to life. Changes that have taken place in everyday lives of people and the impact of everyday free time activities on tourism are also analysed. Further splintering of the cultural tourism sector is noticed and cultural tourism sub-forms are detected by analysing some of the leading home style and creativity magazines. The article also proposes possible application of push/pull factors to creative/hobby tourism.

  18. Cultural Tourism: Perspectives of the Kainuu Region

    OpenAIRE

    Kämäräinen, Mikko; Ofem, Daniel Ezak

    2011-01-01

    This thesis was written in order to study the Kainuu’s regions tourism business with an emphasis on cultural tourism, and to find out detailed information of its current situation and recent changes in its demand. Local tourism operators and researchers were approached to find out further information on Kainuu’s potential in the cultural tourism business as well as to try and map out the current mentality towards the viability and the future of cultural tourism in this region. The thesis was...

  19. Folk Culture Resources as a Component of Tourism Space

    OpenAIRE

    Mokras-Grabowska, Justyna

    2014-01-01

    The paper concerns folk tourism - describes the mutual relations between folk culture and tourism and the main mechanisms of the commercialization of cultural heritage. Moreover it locates folk culture resources in tourism space and includes hospitality.

  20. Impact of Residents Attitudes on the Acceptance Degree of Beach Tourism, Sports Tourism, Nature Tourism and Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Sánchez-Fernández

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The study of residents’ attitudes is important for the management of tourist destinations. Residents formed their attitude towards tourism through a cost-benefits analysis based on their perception of the tourism impacts. Residents have different levels of acceptance of different types of tourism and the aim of this paper is to contrast if there is a relationship between the attitude towards tourism and the degree of acceptance of beach tourism, sports tourism, nature tourism and cultural tourism. The data analysis was performed using Partial Least Squares on a sample of 418 residents of Ibiza, finding that: there is no causal relationship between the attitude of residents and the degree of acceptance of cultural tourism; the strongest causal relationships are between the general attitude of residents and beach tourism and between the general attitude and sports tourism. The main contribution is that a tourism-friendly attitude does not imply an equivalent support to any type of tourism, although not to generate controversy. If there is a strong relationship between general attitude and acceptance of sports tourism, in the case of Ibiza.

  1. Socio-cultural impacts of contemporary tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jovicić, Dobrica

    2011-06-01

    The topic of the paper is devoted to analysis of socio-cultural impacts of tourism, as effects on the people of host communities resulting from their direct and indirect associations with tourists. The social and cultural impacts of tourism are the ways in which tourism is contributing to changes in value systems, individual behavior, family structure and relationships, collective lifestyles, safety levels, moral conduct, traditional ceremonies and community organizations. Special attention is devoted to considering complexity of tourists/host interrelationships and discussing the techniques for appraisal of quality and quantity of socio-cultural changes which tourism provokes in local communities.

  2. Socio-cultural Impacts of Contemporary Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Jovičić, Dobrica

    2011-01-01

    The topic of the paper is devoted to analysis of socio-cultural impacts of tourism, as effects on the people of host communities resulting from their direct and indirect associations with tourists. The social and cultural impacts of tourism are the ways in which tourism is contributing to changes in value systems, individual behavior, family structure and relationships, collective lifestyles, safety levels, moral conduct, traditional ceremonies and community organizations. Special ...

  3. Cultural Tourism in Croatia after the Implementation of the Strategy of Development of Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Demonja

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The tourist potential of Croatia’s cultural assets has been recognized and there is evidence of strong demand for such products amongst both domestic and international tourists. Croatia from the standpoint of offer, with picturesque settlements, rich and various history, historic urban and rural areas, and with tourism developed in the coastal area has good prerequisites for the development of cultural tourism and cultural-tourism products, and the Strategy of development of cultural tourism has been created in order to identify strategic measures (priorities and plan of activities, which should encourage the development of cultural-tourism products of Croatian tourist destinations in the entire country. Strategy is adopted in 2003, and its implementation started in 2004. After five years, in 2008, the first comprehensive research that refers to the changes and progress related to the development of the state of cultural tourism in Croatia was made. Consequently, this article presents and analyzes some results of that research, preceded by a short overview of the state of cultural tourism in Croatia, which includes the analysis of Croatian strategies of development of culture, tourism and cultural tourism, analysis the role of the state in cultural tourism and, finally, states the possible directions of further development of cultural tourism in Croatia.

  4. Cultural tourism as counterculture within subcultures of mass culture

    OpenAIRE

    Mavrina, Hanna

    2013-01-01

    The analysis of cultural tourism is given in the article as alternative cultural practice which counteracts unifying and levelling processes of mass culture. Priorities of cultural strategies of tourism are determined in the context of ethnic culture and national traditions. 

  5. CULTURAL TOURISM: BANGLADESH TRIBAL AREAS PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad SHAMSUDDOHA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is the world's largest industry which is linked with thousands of associated business. Though Bangladesh is a small country in terms of its size it contains huge prospect in its tourism including culture. Bangladesh culture is very rich which initiated long ago with different dimensions. Chittagong hill tracts of Bangladesh are a place of tribal. Tribal are having their own rich culture which is very attractive and nice looking. This study focused on tribal culture and its tourists. This paper also seeks about problems of cultural tourism in Bangladesh.

  6. Interaction between cultural/creative tourism and tourism/cultural heritage industries

    OpenAIRE

    Virginija, Dr. Jurėnienė

    2016-01-01

    The chapter presents a review of the conceptions of cultural and creative tourism, their resources, objectives and their benefit and damage to the nature and the society. It is very important in the postmodern society to not only develop cultural tourism that is one of the most rapidly growing branches of economy, but also to employ cultural heritage and does not always develop the common heritage and tourism industry. This is an especially sore point because the common cultural heritage and ...

  7. The presentation of Bushmen in cultural tourism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hüncke, Anna; Koot, S.P.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines images of Bushmen in Namibian cultural tourism from two angles: that of the tourists and that of the community-based tourism provider. By looking at the tourist activities offered at Treesleeper Camp, it will be shown that in host-guest encounters, tourists images of (Hai//o

  8. The presentation of Bushmen in cultural tourism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hüncke, Anna; Koot, S.P.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines images of Bushmen in Namibian cultural tourism from two angles: that of the tourists and that of the community-based tourism provider. By looking at the tourist activities offered at Treesleeper Camp, it will be shown that in host-guest encounters, tourists images of

  9. Tourist guides’ perceptions of cultural heritage tourism in South Africa

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Clinton David van der Merwe

    2016-01-01

    Heritage tourism is a fast growing niche of cultural tourism worldwide. In Africa, several countries, including South Africa, place great emphasis on the growth of heritage tourism because of its potential for local economic development...

  10. MUSEUMS AS CULTURAL TOURISM ATTRACTIONS IN UBUD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Bagus Kade Subhiksu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Recently, there has been a shift in the attributes of several museums in Ubud in order to attract more tourists to visit museums as cultural tourism attractions. Some museums have expanded their collections and add other attributes to complement their main collections, which as the potential to alter the idealism, functions, and roles of museums. Another challenge faced by museum operators is the development of other tourist attractions, such as the addition of tourism destination attributes in Ubud, which was initially known as tourism destinations that offered art and culture such as dance performances and museums, and now have expanded into yoga destination, adventure destination, and so on. Based on these factors, the problem statements in this research are formulated as follows: (1 How are museums as tourist attractions in Ubud area, from the perspective of operators? (2 How are museums as tourist attractions in Ubud area, from the perspective of visitors? (3 How is the relationship between museums and other tourism components when examined from the role of museums as cultural tourism attractions in Ubud area?. This research on museums was conducted in the Ubud area because Ubud has made museums as the cultural tourism attractions in the area, which include the Blanco Museum, Museum Puri Lukisan, Agung Rai Museum of Art (ARMA, the Rudana Museum, and Neka Art Museum. This research is based on the theories of museum management, marketing, and theories on cultural tourism attraction. The research involved the participation of 82 foreign visitors and 79 domestic visitors as respondents, in addition to five museum owners and two museum professionals as informants. The conclusion of this research are as follows: (1 From the perspective of museum operators, museums function as cultural tourism attractions, as sources of historical information, as the media for cultural preservation, and the actualization of the noble objective of the museum

  11. The image of Helsinki as a cultural tourism destination

    OpenAIRE

    Matikainen, Petteri

    2015-01-01

    Cultural tourism has been increasing constantly during the last decades and has become one of the most essential sections of tourism industry. Culture influences strongly on decisions to travel and it is often placed on the key role in tourism strategies. Similarly a strong destination image is inevitable in order to success in highly competed tourism industry. The purpose of this study is to examine the image of Helsinki as a cultural tourism destination. The main objective is to examine...

  12. Hosts' perception of economic and socio-cultural tourism impacts

    OpenAIRE

    Kamšek, David; Milfelner, Borut; Ogorelc, Anton

    2015-01-01

    Analyzing tourism perceptions of host communities and residents' attitudes toward tourism development has been gaining increasing attention in the tourism research. This paper examines how residents perceive positive and negative economic and socio-cultural impacts of tourism. The authors identify several differences between two groups of respondents: residents employed in tourism and other residents. The study provides tourism planners with useful information concerning specific elements ass...

  13. Sustainable Development Through Eco-Cultural Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Diana-Mihaela Pociovalisteanu; George Niculescu

    2010-01-01

    Beginning with the fact that performant strategies of the financial institutions have programmes and management Eco-cultural tourism is usually defined as a concept in which ecological and cultural aspects of a landscape are combined to create a site for tourists. It is proposed as a way for communities with rather low economic resources to develop. Sustainability and participation are both crucial for the long-term future of this form of tourism. A key element to the success of eco-cultural ...

  14. Managing Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism on the Rural Tourism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Managing Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism on the Rural Tourism ... This mingling has been associated with discernible changes in the culture and lifestyles ... that focused on the ways in which socio-cultural impacts of tourism on rural areas ...

  15. Museums in Cultural Tourism in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The article presents the museums, their potential and their significance for cultural tourism in Poland. Its aims are achieved through a presentation of registered national museums, ‘monuments of history’, museum buildings and the cultural activities undertaken by these institutions

  16. SOCIO-CULTURAL IMPACTS OF TOURISM AT JAISALMER: PERCEPTION OF TOURISM PROFESSIONALS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sachin Sharma

    2013-01-01

      This research was an attempt to know the perceptions of Tourism professionals' towards tourism development and its socio cultural impacts atJaisalmer a historic city in the Thar Desertof Indian state Rajasthan...

  17. Cultural tourism and identity : rethinking indigeneity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tomaselli, K.G.

    2012-01-01

    Studies of cultural tourism and indigenous identity are fraught with questions concerning exploitation, entitlement, ownership and authenticity. Unease with the idea of leveraging a group identity for commercial gain is ever-present. This anthology articulates some of these debates from a multitude

  18. Cultural Heritage Tourism in Malaysia: Issues and Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail Norhasimah; Masron Tarmiji; Ahmad Azizul

    2014-01-01

    Malaysia is experiencing an incredible pace of tourism development and heritage tourism is one of the tourism branches that have long contributed to appeal the tourist destination and acts as important marketing tool to attract tourist especially with special interests in heritage and arts. Cultural heritage tourism has emerged as a potential form of alternative tourism among both international tourists as well as Malaysian domestic travelers. The difference of ethnics present in Malaysia bro...

  19. Tourist guides’ perceptions of cultural heritage tourism in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merwe Clinton David van der

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Heritage tourism is a fast growing niche of cultural tourism worldwide. In Africa, several countries, including South Africa, place great emphasis on the growth of heritage tourism because of its potential for local economic development. Cultural and heritage tourism are being advocated as an important niche within the South African economy. This paper explores the perceptions of cultural heritage tourist guides in South Africa towards heritage tourism, it is argued that the country’s National Department of Tourism must improve the poor governance and poor management of South African heritage assets, and enhance the preservation, transformation and segmented marketing of South Africa’s cultural assets (at all levels of government in order to sustain and grow cultural tourism in the future.

  20. Cultural Factors in Tourism Interpretation of Leshan Giant Buddha

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Wenwen

    2017-01-01

    Different cultural aspects are always involved in tourism interpretation, and the process of tourism interpretation is also cross-cultural communication. If the cultural factors can be interpreted for the foreign visitors in a better way, it's beneficial to convey the cultural connotation of the scenic spot and it can be the communication more…

  1. Going tourist. Tourism and translation of local cultures

    OpenAIRE

    Salvatore, Rita

    2009-01-01

    International audience; Within the topic related to culture, tourism and sustainable development, this paper focuses on the notion of tourist translation of local cultures. In particular, it analyses some of the cultural processes tourism development can trigger in those territories the European Commission (2003) has defined as "no‐traditional tourist destinations". In this definition it is meant to include those places that: (a) were not interested by mainstream tourism in the past (b) remai...

  2. SANTA CRUZ, GUANACASTE: LOCAL CULTURE, TOURISM AND GLOBALIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The article analyzes the relationship between local culture of the canton of Santa Cruz, Guanacaste, and the development of tourism in the canton. In a first section explores the origin and development of popular culture in the canton, linking it to traditional farming activities, and then describes the deployment of tourism in Santa Cruz, in order to analyze the popular culture of the canton in a framework of productive activities ranging from farming to tourism, in a context of econo...

  3. Sustainable Tourism Development Management of Local Cultural Landscapes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yihui; Chen Tian; Zhang Meng

    2008-01-01

    Nowa days, ecological and cultural tourism, especially those ancient villages and towns in China, have attracted an in-creasing number of tourists because of their unique cultural fea-tures. However, rapid development of tourism brings economic benefits, but results in a series of problems that threaten further tourism development and protection of ancient towns, such as over-commercialization and tourism urbanization. Taking Long-men ancient town as an example, this paper presented a sustain-able way of preserving and developing resources of ancient vil-lages and towns. First, identify cultural features and the extent of ancient villages and towns, and find the approach through which a cultural landscape zoning can be applied. Second, define a coop-erative function area to release the pressure on core areas and protect their authentic cultures by extending tourism space. Third, balance tourism development with traditional industries to en-hance the sustainability of community economies.

  4. Culture and Tourism in the Learning Age: A Discussion Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000

    Cultural services and tourism are among the United Kingdom's fastest growing sectors in terms of employment and consumer demand. Cultural services and tourism bring the following elements to lifelong learning: active rather than passive learning; a means of interpreting the world around us; exposure to cultures other than one's own; confidence and…

  5. Cultural - amusement animation factor for tourism development

    OpenAIRE

    Jakovlev, Zlatko; Koteski, Cane; Dimitrov, Nikola; Angelkova, Tanja; Dzambazoski, Kristijan

    2011-01-01

    Tourism development, although relatively short but fast, lately proves its wide spectra of action. That is, weather of the dangers that created it self, weather of broadening the offer and visitors satisfying, it has deepened its action in some sectors and made a connection with them, so novadays it seems like they are cooperating. Tthat is the reason for the development of eco – tourism, the village tourism, the sport and recreation tourism, the health tourism, the religious tourism, the cul...

  6. Tourism Destination Management (Case Study in Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan Regency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sony Manggala Putra

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The tourism sector as one of the leading sectors in Pasuruan still faces many obstacles. The constraints associated with conditions that require improvement on tourist destination related to the presence of infrastructure, zoning, the gap between the tourism destination in the West and the East area, up to the level of visitation which has decreased from year to year. The aims of the studi were to describe and analyze Tourism Destination Management conducted by Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan at Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati object to become competitive and sustainable tourism destination. This study used a qualitative approach with a case study method locus in the Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan. The results of this study indicate that the tourism destination management of Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati when reviewed in terms of competitiveness, still needs a lot of improvement related to the presence of tourism facilities and the quality of employees as service providers. In terms of sustainability, it shows that the synergy between the regional government and tourism stakeholders need to be improved. The need for the establishment of cooperation with third parties in management of tourism destination in Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati, can be used to optimize the carrying capacity and tourist destination marketing system at Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati in order to compete in a competitive and sustainable way Keywords: tourism destination management, competitiveness, sustainability

  7. LINKS BETWEEN CULTURAL HERITAGE TOURISM AND OVERALL SENSE OF TOURIST WELL-BEING

    OpenAIRE

    Jew, Jeongyong

    2015-01-01

    Cultural heritage tourism is still the growing segment of tourism industry. Moreover, many tourists prefer exploring something new, cultural heritage tourism (CHT) has become one of the major "new" segments of tourism demand. Therefore, it is true that cultural heritage tourism has been one of the major sources of both quantitative and qualitative growth of tourism industry in many countries. In regard to the context of cultural heritage tourism industry, by identifying the rel...

  8. Cultural Tourism – a Model for Economic Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela-Carmen MUNTEAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a complex activity whose development is manifested in a fast pace, which in the last period determined it to become one of the most spectacular phenomena of recent decades, with important economic effects and particularly, social and human effects. This form of cultural tourism is identified as an engine for development and promotion of local cultural identities, offering neighboring communities an opportunity to preservation of cultural heritage as a resource for socio-economic local development. Thus, cultural tourism is the boundary between culture and tourism industry, its development influencing each other. Cultural tourism is a form of economic development based on cultural resources, contributing to national economic development.

  9. StudyonCollegeTourismEnglishTeaching CombiningwithAbaLocalTourismCulture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗琴

    2013-01-01

    Boasting of rich, outstanding natural and cultural tourism resources, marvelous landscape, specific humanistic environment,AbaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefectureiswell-known to the world, which has been attracting ever-increasing touristshomeandabroadwithitsuniquecharm,suchasthefairy-landlikenaturalscenery,mysteriousTibetanBuddhistculture, ancient Qiang’s Shibi (necromancer) culture, the Red Army’s LongMarchcultureandsoon.Theserichnaturalandcultural tourismresourcesraisetheeconomicbenefitsofculturaltourism developmentemphasis.Abaisanethnicminorityarealeadingwith the tourism industry; after years of development, tourism has becomethemainsourceofincomeforthelocalethnicminorities. Moreandmoreforeigntouristshavebeenattractedintothisarea, particularly,Europe,theUnitedStatesandotherEnglish-speaking countrieshavebecomethemajorsourcecountries; alargenumberof high-qualifiedtourismprofessionalsareinurgentneed,andtourism EnglishteachingplaysaveryimportantroleforcultivatingHigh qualitytalentswhoarebothproficientinEnglish,graspinghigh leveltourismskills,andquitefamiliarwithAbatourismresources. Thispaperanalyzesandputsforwardsomeconstructivemeasureson howtocombineAbatourismresources,localculturewithcollege tourismEnglishteaching.

  10. Cultural Heritage Tourism in Malaysia: Issues and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Norhasimah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia is experiencing an incredible pace of tourism development and heritage tourism is one of the tourism branches that have long contributed to appeal the tourist destination and acts as important marketing tool to attract tourist especially with special interests in heritage and arts. Cultural heritage tourism has emerged as a potential form of alternative tourism among both international tourists as well as Malaysian domestic travelers. The difference of ethnics present in Malaysia brought different local knowledge discipline ranging from its architecture, handicrafts, traditional attire, music and dance, which reflects a colorful heritage and an amalgamated culture. There are arise of conflict in management of cultural heritage tourism in Malaysia face by tourism managers, stakeholders, governments, cultural heritage managers and local community itself. In order to maintain, conserve and preserve the resources and assets of cultural heritage in Malaysia, a system or management need to be develop that take into consideration on every issues and challenge, so that the decision making process is reliable to optimize the value of cultural heritage tourism industry in Malaysia. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview and discuss the status, issues and challenge of cultural heritage tourism in Malaysia.

  11. CULTURAL TOURISM MOTIVATION n#8211; THE CASE OF ROMANIAN YOUTHS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Negrusa Adina

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Cultural attractions have become particularly important and play an important role in tourism at all levels. They are also increasingly being placed at the centre of urban and rural development and constitute an important aspect of social and cultural lives of the residents. Cultural tourism is defined as n#8216;visits by persons from outside the host community motivated wholly or in part by interest in the historical, artistic, scientific or lifestyle/heritage offerings of a community, region, group or institution. The main purpose of this research is to identify and understand the general dimensions of motivation for attending cultural tourism. Cultural tourism is motivated by touristsn#8217; interest in historical, artistic, scientific or heritage offering by a community, region, group or institution. It can be considered an independent segment of the tourism industry as well as a complement to mainstream tourism, in connection with other forms of attraction. In this sense, local communities and national organizations all over the world have developed particular cultural and heritage tourism products that attract increase the number of tourist visits each year. The study examine the motivations of Romanian young people in attending cultural tourism for underling the perspectives of cultural tourism development in Romania. We developed a quantitative study and designed a structured questionnaire to obtain information regarding youthsn#8217; motivations and perceptions toward attending cultural tourism, including their demographic characteristics. Based on significant literature review we included 7 composite motives: learning reasons, cultural motives, experience something new, pleasure-seeking and entertainment, physical reasons, relaxation-based motives and indirect motives. The findings of this research provide a comprehensive view of cultural tourism behavior in Romania. The evidence suggests that for the young and highly educated

  12. Splintering of Tourism Market: New Appearing Forms of Cultural Tourism as a Consequence of Changes in Everyday Lives

    OpenAIRE

    Jelinčić, Daniela Angelina

    2009-01-01

    Within the concept of cultural tourism, this article defines relatively new concepts of creative and hobby tourism, which are detected as recent niche markets. Cultural tourism is a narrow specialized market, while creative and hobby tourism relate to even more specialized segments. Even these specialized forms of tourism have their market whose growth is very probable taking into account changes in everyday work as well as changes in the values of human activity in general. These changes ref...

  13. Creative tourism as a strategy for regional development and cultural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Creative tourism as a strategy for regional development and cultural heritage ... local communities could contribute to making a shift in regional development, ... as the enabler of the processes of cultural enrichment and acculturation through a ...

  14. Bali: the development of international tourism and the fostering of the national culture.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Picard

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Once Cultural Tourism became the official tourism doctrine of Indonesia, the Balinese infatuation with this formula seems to have become more tempered. Since the 1970s, studies of the sociocultural impact of tourism and seminars on the relationship between tourism and culture are rarer. Not that interest in tourism has dropped — to the contrary — but it has become an integral part of the Balinese cultural landscape 1 . And while Cultural Tourism remains the inescapable point of reference ...

  15. Bali: the development of international tourism and the fostering of the national culture.

    OpenAIRE

    Michel Picard

    2010-01-01

    Once Cultural Tourism became the official tourism doctrine of Indonesia, the Balinese infatuation with this formula seems to have become more tempered. Since the 1970s, studies of the sociocultural impact of tourism and seminars on the relationship between tourism and culture are rarer. Not that interest in tourism has dropped — to the contrary — but it has become an integral part of the Balinese cultural landscape 1 . And while Cultural Tourism remains the inescapable point of reference ...

  16. Analysis of the Application of Visual Cultural Elements of Bai Nationality in Tourism Development%视觉性白族文化元素在旅游开发中的创新性应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹星

    2015-01-01

    Visual cultural elements of nationalities are important symbols to manifest characteristics of nationality culture as well as important identification and key attraction in nationality areas' tourism development. Bai culture has rich contents, various forms, strong participation and visual impact. With the proper development and utilization, it can effectively enhance attraction of regional tourism industry and quality of tourism products. We should focus on the analysis of the types of visual cultural elements of Bai nationality and its application, success and failure, ways to improve tourism development, and explore the ideas and ways of its innovative use.%视觉性民族文化元素是彰显民族文化特色的重要符号,也是民族地区旅游开发中的重要识别码和关键吸引物.白族文化内容丰富、形式多样、可参与性大、视觉冲击力强,开发利用得当,能够有力提升区域旅游产业的吸引力和旅游产品的品质.因此,我们应对视觉性白族文化元素的类型及其在旅游开发中的应用、得失与提升途径进行分析,并探索创新利用的思路和方式.

  17. Cultural Tourism Tours and Main Routes Towards Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veysi GÜNAL

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Today, the tourism has become a important industry. Certainly, the most important international actors af this industry are tour operators. The tour operators which realize about 75 percent of the total tourism activity to Turkey have taken a very important mission from the point of Turkey tourism. The, Germany, Netherlands, England and USA tour operators, which have made the important part of the tours to our country, have also an important position in organizating cultural tour. When the cultural tours, which have been planned to Turkey by this countries, have been studied it is seen that these tours have containied more mass tourism areas or near areas of these region. It can be said that Turkey’s not marketing its tourism correctly has be effective in this subject. With this research, it has been studied how the cultural attractions in Turkey have been perceived, consumed and marketed by abroad tour operators.

  18. CULTURAL TOURISM MOTIVATION n#8211; THE CASE OF ROMANIAN YOUTHS

    OpenAIRE

    Negrusa Adina; Yolal Medet

    2012-01-01

    Cultural attractions have become particularly important and play an important role in tourism at all levels. They are also increasingly being placed at the centre of urban and rural development and constitute an important aspect of social and cultural lives of the residents. Cultural tourism is defined as n#8216;visits by persons from outside the host community motivated wholly or in part by interest in the historical, artistic, scientific or lifestyle/heritage offerings of a community, regio...

  19. CULTURAL TOURISM MOTIVATION – THE CASE OF ROMANIAN YOUTHS

    OpenAIRE

    Adina Negrusa; Medet Yolal

    2012-01-01

    Cultural attractions have become particularly important and play an important role in tourism at all levels. They are also increasingly being placed at the centre of urban and rural development and constitute an important aspect of social and cultural lives of the residents. Cultural tourism is defined as ‘visits by persons from outside the host community motivated wholly or in part by interest in the historical, artistic, scientific or lifestyle/heritage offerings of a community, region, gro...

  20. Telling or selling? Experiencing South African cultural heritage tourism products

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanovic, Milena; Saayman, Melville

    2013-01-01

    With the advent of the experience economy the unique experiential value of cultural heritage products comes to the forefront of cultural tourism development and is the main value proposition for emerging destinations, including South Africa. As South Africa’s democracy divedends had paid out by 1998, South African Tourism was left with an array of dormant cultural heritage resources (still) unable to turn them into meaningful tourist experiences. The reason is lack of understanding of tourist...

  1. Cultural events as a tourism product of Vojvodina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvetičanin Predrag

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A special place among tourist attractions belongs to those from the field of culture and cultural heritage. In last decades cultural tourism faced a rapid growth on global market and therefore became a subject of numerous studies. Culture in Vojvodina has a long and rich tradition. Centuries of cohabitation inducted mutual cultural influences of many nations and resulted in a rich cultural diversity of expressions and their fruitful interaction. Today, there is a vast number of local traditional events and festivals in Vojvodina. Some of them exceeded the local market and expanded through the region and beyond. Events in Vojvodina have significant tourism potential, although a majority has a local character with insignificant or no tourist importance. Most of these events are unsustainable as well as spatially and temporally unsynchronized. Using the results of previous mapping, data collection and focus group research, the aim of this paper is to classify all existing cultural events in Vojvodina and propose the guidelines for their improvement in order to strengthen the cultural identity and cultural tourism product. The proposed steps and guidelines outlined in this paper should lead to improvement of cultural tourism, through strengthening tourism potentials of cultural events in Vojvodina.

  2. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CULTURAL/ARTISTIC EVENTS VISITATION AND OTHER ACTIVITY-BASED TOURISM SEGMENTS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ana Tezak; Darko Saftic; Zdravko Sergo

    2011-01-01

    .... One of these specific forms of tourism is event tourism. The aim of this research is to determine the relationship between cultural/artistic events visitation and other activity-based tourism segments...

  3. Understanding the cultural antecedents of quality management in tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Muskat, Birgit; Muskat, Matthias; Blackman, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the causes that have led to a rather fragmented view of quality management among tourism marketing organisations in Germany. The aim is to identify and to interpret the relevant societal cultural factors underpinning German management. The paper examines the influence of culture on the perception and performance of quality management in tourism organisations. Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on a data set which previously explore...

  4. Analysis of the cultural tourism trends and perspectives in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela TIGU

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Tourism brings a number of benefits, including the enhancement of economic opportunities by creating more jobs for local residents or the increase in income by stimulating and creating local and regional markets. Tourism can also help to protect natural and cultural heritage, preserve the values through education and interpretation, and help to support research and development of good environmental practices. This paper’s purpose is to analyse the cultural tourism in Romania, taking into consideration the potential of Romania’s cultural heritage and the benefits that tourism industry can bring to the country and to the local communities. The originality of this study is highlighted by the combination and correlation of statistics, including correlation and regression methods, that have as main purpose the computation and conclusions’ simplification, knowing that it is very difficult to quantify the multitude of all the factors that influence a specific phenomenon.

  5. Developing international market entry strategy for cultural tourism of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Alaeddinoğlu

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this paper are to examine potential international markets for culture tourism of Turkey and to determine a mode of entry strategy for it. The structure of this paper includes screening, identification, and selection stage based on applied various analysis, techniques, methods, and statistics. The major findings here suggest that South Korea and Canada are two possible foreign markets to penetrate. After deeply analysis of South Korea and Canada outbound tourism market, opening overseas tourism promotion office and applying agency are recommended as an appropriate mode of entry strategy for them, respectively. In this regard, practical implications are also mentioned for Destination Marketing Organisation of Turkey.

  6. Analysis of the Relationship between Tourism and Food Culture

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, gastronomy has established itself as one of the key elements for the enhancement, sustainable and consolidation of tourist destinations. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the advancement of knowledge on gastronomic tourism in European countries, specifically in the analysis of the relationship between gastronomy, culture and tourism as the research focuses on the city of Córdoba, Spain. The methodology of this research involved conducting surveys with foreign traveler...

  7. UNESCO LABEL – PROMOTER A CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iordache Maria Carmen

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The uniqueness and importance of World Heritage is universally recognized throughout the world and this is causing the transformation of areas of heritage elements holding the top tourist destinations. It is essential to learn not only how to bring out the best of these elements of heritage, but also how to manage this new status could not be sensitive. The paper aims to show the relationship between culture and tourism, to highlight its role as a promoter of UNESCO World Cultural identity and analyze the importance of UNESCO criterion in developing and promoting cultural tourism.

  8. Human-Computer Interaction, Tourism and Cultural Heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipolla Ficarra, Francisco V.

    We present a state of the art of the human-computer interaction aimed at tourism and cultural heritage in some cities of the European Mediterranean. In the work an analysis is made of the main problems deriving from training understood as business and which can derail the continuous growth of the HCI, the new technologies and tourism industry. Through a semiotic and epistemological study the current mistakes in the context of the interrelations of the formal and factual sciences will be detected and also the human factors that have an influence on the professionals devoted to the development of interactive systems in order to safeguard and boost cultural heritage.

  9. A Study on Kinmen Resident's Perception of Tourism Development and Culture Heritage Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yi-Ping

    2016-01-01

    Tourism development could drive the enhancement of national income and the demands for international tourism that tourism benefits have become the key source of national revenue. The integration of cultural relics with tourism development to drive the national or regional development has currently become the world trend. Making good use of the…

  10. A Study on Kinmen Resident's Perception of Tourism Development and Culture Heritage Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yi-Ping

    2016-01-01

    Tourism development could drive the enhancement of national income and the demands for international tourism that tourism benefits have become the key source of national revenue. The integration of cultural relics with tourism development to drive the national or regional development has currently become the world trend. Making good use of the…

  11. Cross-culture Communications in Tourism under Conditions of Globalisation

    OpenAIRE

    Aldoshyna Mariia V.; Brusilseva Anna N.

    2014-01-01

    The article is devoted to the study of cross-cultural specific features of interaction within social and business communication in the international tourism. The goal of the article is analysis of the cross-cultural environment of Ukraine in the context of the world globalisation for efficient interaction in the sphere of international management and marketing. The article shows a necessity of a study of influence of national cultural features upon business activity of tourist enterprises wit...

  12. Gastronomy as a form of cultural tourism: A Greek typology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moira Polyxeni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Foods, as well as other factors, such as accommodation, attractions, recreational activities and transport are key parts of the tourism product of host destinations. It has been found that in recent years, tourism choices have not been determined only by the simple biological need to eat, but also by the desire to try interesting products within an appropriate environment. Modern, experienced travelers look for destinations' quality, as linked to a deeper knowledge of the culture and lifestyle of the inhabitants of the place they are visiting. As lifestyles of people are deeply related to what and how they eat, how they prepare food and in what environment, what the rituals of food consumption are, combined with the architecture and place, a strong demand has been created for local food and a trend of what is called 'gastronomic/culinary tourism'. A survey was carried out in order to explore the forms of product supply, commercialization strategy as well as methods to promote gastronomic tourism in Greece. In particular, the search was carried out through the internet businesses in Greece involved in the field of gastronomy and tourism, using keywords such as gastronomy, Greek cuisine, Greek breakfast, wine routes, olive routes, etc. Then, the findings were classified into categories in order to evaluate their activity. The survey revealed that companies involved in the field of gastronomy are numerous and of various nature. These include restaurants, hotels, guest and rural houses, tourism agencies, food manufacturers, food markets, museums, exhibition halls, etc. Their activities are equally varied and creative (related to wine, honey, herbs, etc, cultural routes that have to do with a product, thematic museums, etc. Due to the lack of targeted central tourism policy in the field, it is proposed to further explore the field and record domestic gastronomic resources at regional administrative levels in order to effectively valorize and promote

  13. Cultural indicators of tourism sustainability in Serbian spas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlović Sanja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses cultural indicators, one of five groups of comparative indicators of sustainable tourism, defined and suggested to the European Commission by a team of experts. The group of cultural indicators includes indicators such as the ratio of accommodation capacities to the number of population, and tourism intensity and they show the level of preservation of local population identity. The statistical data from the last four census year were used in the analysis of cultural indicators of tourism sustainability in spa settlements in Serbia. The ratio of accommodation capacities to the number of local population can be defined as favourable in most spas (green zone, since there is no intensive tourist construction (apart from illegal construction, while the tourism intensity based on the example of Serbian spa settlements points at very unfavourable situation, since in all four census years the recorded, the results are in the red zone, i.e. on the one hand, there is a relatively low number of local population and on the other hand, there is a high number of overnight stays. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 176008 i br. 176017

  14. THE IMPACT OF CULTURAL EVENTS ON TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: SIBIU - THE EUROPEAN CULTURAL CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GREG RICHARDS

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study reviews the findings of longitudinal field research in Sibiu on the cultural profile of tourists during and afterthe European Cultural Capital Programme (ECOC and the effects of the event on local tourism. The impact of theevent can be gauged through the growth of tourism stimulated by infrastructure improvements and productdevelopment, not only in terms of increasing tourist numbers but also by the increase of local income from tourism andrelated sectors. The ECOC has turned into a model followed by many European cities seeking tourism growth andimage change. The ten years of research conducted in Sibiu have highlighted the variety of long term effects that canresult from such a complex development model, including tourism growth, changes in tourist profile, imageimprovement and increased social cohesion.

  15. Developing Cultural Tourism Through Cross-Sector Co-operation: Evidence from the West of Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Mottiar, Ziene; Quinn, Bernadette; Ryan, Theresa

    2016-01-01

    Studies of co-operative activity in the tourism literature focus largely on linkages between tourism firms and little has been done to examine co-operation between tourism firms and those in other sectors. Yet the inter-dependency that exits between tourism and other sectors in product development is clearly apparent. One such example is in the production of cultural tourism where co-operation between the cultural and tourism sectors is a necessity. This paper reports on the findings of a pro...

  16. The application of GIS and its components in tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Verka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the success of any tourism business is determined by tourism planning, development research and marketing, the first thing we review in this article is GIS application for tourism planning. Both tourism and IT increasingly provide strategic opportunities and powerful tools for economic growth, redistribution of wealth and development of equity around the globe. GIS technology offers great opportunities for the development of modern tourism applications using maps. This technology integrates common database operations such as query with the unique visualization and geographic analysis benefits offered by maps. GIS is used for bringing the georeferenced data (spatial and non spatial of geographic location Zlatibor and Zlatar into digital maps. Each object is assigned to a thematic layer. Each layer combines related objects like roads, building, protected areas or watercourses. In this research the authors used GIS in three types of applications such as inventory, analysis and evaluation of plan based on tourism development.

  17. DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE IN TERMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae PLATON

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In a society where the emphasis is placed on innovation and creativity, and where tourism companies need to be flexible to deal with the competitive environment, the management approach from the perspective of integrating a performing organizational culture is essential. The modern enterprise operates in a dynamic, environmentally-friendly environment that brings about constant changes and considerable investment efforts to take advantage of the opportunities it is offered. Of course, connecting to environmental opportunities is not an option but a necessity, especially in the current globalization process. In this article, the author describes the typology of organizational cultures, simultaneously characterizing the premises, components and cultural values specific to tourism enterprises.

  18. Promotion of the cultural heritage of Mediterranean city in the scope of upgrading cultural tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đokić Vladan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available World and especially European trends of tourist economy are mainly focused on development of diversity in cultural tourism. Cultural tourism is a complex of numerous activities that enables not only the affirmation of cultural-historic motives, but also provides important resources for renewal of cultural-historic monuments, tangible and intangible heritage and resources. Today, there is no serious and ambitious country that does not prefer development of tourism in its development strategies as a planetary phenomenon and development sector. This specially refers to cultural tourism, as a competitive segment, based on local authenticity, unique areas, urban entities and ambiance, different historic layers and monuments, local tradition, myths and customs, affirmative mentality of population, geographic and ecological resources, in brief - complex and original identity of its area and its population. Cultural tourism in Montenegro has a modest tradition and only recently through valuable but sporadic initiatives and encouragements from Europe, attempts to valorize its own potentials, making them competitive through creative projects and programs. It is most certainly that the Montenegrin coast is a deeply settled part of complex Mediterranean cultural sphere that possesses certain characteristics which marks it as a unique cultural space in which different historical, geographic, confessional and other influences from surroundings intersect, predefining it for development of cultural tourism. This paper represents an effort to create a professional study report, although limited to single destination - city of Budva that treats cultural tourism in correlation with evaluation of renewal and use of cultural-historic and built heritage. From the mentioned reasons and within described context, this paper tends to be a small, but precisely created contribution to the future actions of creating complex tourist offer at Montenegrin coast, especially in

  19. Sustainable Cultural Tourism in Urban Destinations: Does Space Matter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibon Aranburu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Policy makers and tourism developers must understand visitors’ mobility behavior and how they consume space and tourism resources in order to set up sustainable cultural tourism destinations. With this in mind, it should also be pointed out that the mobility patterns of tourists in urban destinations are mainly located in the city center (spatial centrality, the analysis of which enables us to define “how central” the resources (museums, monuments, etc. are and what the interactions between them are. Comprehending which factors influence visitors’ urban mobility behavior is key to understanding tourists’ consumption of space and their connections with the tourism assets of the city. Furthermore, when tourists visit a destination, they make a mental representation of the destination, constructing a mental map of it. Thus, tourists consume not only spaces but also the image of a city/destination. Moreover, the latter influences the former. The quality of surrounding architecture and urbanism plays a crucial role in enhancing the experiential value of a destination and influencing space consumption preferences. Clearly, visitors are more likely to use/consume environments that are easily navigated and mentally legible. In order to explore these patterns, a real experiment was performed based on visitor behavior in the city of Bilbao. In addition, the central places of Bilbao were determined and an analysis of the spatial interaction between cultural sites was performed, making use of a new methodology based on GPS technologies, network analysis, and surveys. This methodology is the main contribution of this work. The results suggest that (1 easy mobility (walkability, accessibility, different transport modes of the visited space facilitates the tourist experience; (2 simple and eligible mental maps of the city that are easily perceived by visitors facilitate the rapid consumption of the tourist destination; and (3 the centrality of the

  20. Is «cultural tourism» actually «cultural»?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Senabre López

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The epithet of cultural has been used as an adulterated attraction for a kind of leisure activity dressed up in all its finery: the type of tourism that is linked to the historic heritage. The tourism client sets off for an apparent happiness by means of a manipulated, abridged or smoothen by-product of a civilisation’s real historic essence, without paying any attention to –or passively assumin– the mercantilist machinery that it is part of. The label of «cultural» is often distorted by the superficial made of it.Should other forms of tourism that do not involve heritage –such as beach holi- days, rural tourism or mountain holidays– be considered as ‘a-cultural’? Can anybody acquire any culture just by travelling or culture is something that must be carried on by the traveller so as to properly value what he sees? Surveys on cultural tourism so far have concentrated on boosting its efficiency from a business point of view –which is a wrong approach– instead of analysing the phenomenon from a humanistic perspective. Key words: Tourism, Cultura, Leisure, Heritage.

  1. Chinese-American foods : Geography, culture and tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Food is a major way that Chinese, and other ethnic groups, engage with their cultural heritage. Behavioral perspectives from tourism studies give insight into the range of food neophyllics (love of new foods) and food neophobics (fear of new foods), as well as the role of authenticity in food experiences. Three general types of Chinese food are identified in the US: Chinese American (restaurant) Food, Real Chinese (restaurant) Food, and American Born Chinese (home) Food. Traditional Chinese A...

  2. Cultural diversity and Subsidiarity: more of the same or conflicting principles ? The case of cultural tourism in the European Union

    OpenAIRE

    Dumont, Elisabeth; Teller, Jacques

    2007-01-01

    This article takes the example of cultural tourism to highlight the specificities of European Cultural Policies. It argues, that, although it is often presented as a way of supporting a diversity of approaches, styles and objectives, the subsidiarity principle can sometimes endanger the cultural diversity it seeks to protect. Tourism for instance, has long been considered as a self-regulating activity and cultural tourism is often considered as “sustainable by nature”. Experience however show...

  3. World, European and National Policies in the Field of Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Popa

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available At both world and national level, transnational policies in the field of tourism, in general, and of cultural tourism, in particular, come from the U.N.E.S.C.O. and from the W.T.O. represented by the U.N.O., while at European level these policies are exclusively the result of the European Union and of the European Council. National policies in the field of cultural tourism in Romania are developed by the Ministry of Tourism, and are included and detailed in the Master Plan for the Development of National Tourism. Though the number of associations, committees, councils, organisations, and other organisms dealing with world and European tourism is larger, at national level the National Authority of Tourism does not supply the necessary instruments to achieve sustainable development in the field of hospitality and of tourism, lacking marketing policies and coherent promotional strategies based on detailed understanding and on hierarchy of source markets.

  4. Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The tourism sector accounted for 13% of GDP in 2010 and employs nearly a quarter of the workforce, placing Jordan just after Lebanon in tourism receipts as % of GDP, but far ahead of Morocco, Syria and Egypt (fig. VII.29). The bulk of tourism comes from the Arab world, mainly the Gulf, followed by Asia, Europe and the Americas (fig. VII.30). Out of the 9.5 million people who entered Jordan in 2009 (a figure that includes tourism, but also business tourism), 8 million people came from Arab cou...

  5. Premises of the Religious Cultural Tourism Development in the Galati – Braila Urban Perimeter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca Turtureanu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The authors aim at analyzing the possibilities of urban tourism development. In the urban areas Galati – Braila it begins to require cultural tourism. Religious tourism, as being the oldest manifestation of cultural tourism finds its resources in this area. The difference between this form of tourism and others is just the religious motivation of tourists. The forms of religious tourism are diverse, but it prevails in the area visiting the holy places. The two urban centers, Galati and Braila offers besides traditional cultural tourism resources, the promenade - Danube promenade trails, opportunities for health care, Lacul Sarat or recognized places of worship such as monasteries and Salt Lake subdued in the Archdiocese of Lower Danube.

  6. More natural and cultural spacefor tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>City-dwellers looking for an escape from their concrete jungles are flocking to old-fashioned towns in the countryside, in search of a haven of peace. Contrary to the trend of millions of migrant labourers moving towards the big cities in search of jobs, white-collar and urban residents relish a space with fresh air and traditional culture. Increas-

  7. A Case Study on Socio-cultural Impacts of Tourism in the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan: India

    OpenAIRE

    Singla, Dr. Manika

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the community perceptions of the socio-cultural impacts of culture and heritage tourism in particular and examines the extent to which they coincide with the tourism impact literature. This study not only deals with socio-cultural impacts perceived by residents as the impacts of tourism development but also identify the effects of demographic variation on the residents' attitudes towards tourism. Considering the relationship between residents and tourism, the present stu...

  8. Moving Towards Eco Cultural Tourism Village (A Case Study of Pondok Cabe Village

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Kurniawati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study identifies some eco-cultural tourism attraction potentials that exist in PondokCabeUdik Village Tangerang Selatan Indonesia. In addition, it investigates local people’s opinion on tourism development. The objective is to provide a preliminary overview of eco-tourism development. This study is a descriptive study that uses three types of instrument in data collection method, including questionnaire, interview and field observation. The data is then analyzed using SWOT analysis. The result indicated that natural potential include farming, lake and fish pond, and chicken hatchery. Cultural potentials include cultural diversity that depicted in praying houses and culinary. 194 respondents involved are the locals. The result showed thatthere is positive view from the local community on the availability of tourism potentials and development in the future. It is proposed that environmental awareness, education, ecotourism development, and consensus buildingare needed to implement eco cultural tourism concept. Keywords: Tourism, Eco-Cultural, Village, Planning and Development

  9. Cultural Heritage Tourism in South Africa: Perceived a Panacea for Rural Development?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mildred Samukelisiwe Nkwanyana

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural heritage tourism is perceived as one of the major development opportunities for Africa. This study conducted in South Africa, enquired the perceptions of the local communities towards their cultural heritage tourism development, and their level of participation in such development. Quantitative data were collected from simple randomly selected respondents using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive data analysis provided information required to address research objective. Local community members surveyed are sceptic towards cultural heritage tourism development invariably becoming a panacea for their rural development. Cultural heritage tourism development in South Africa should align with the sustainable rural tourism critical success factors recommended by this paper. This study conducted in a district of South Africa has implications for cultural heritage tourism development in developing economies.

  10. Application of Suprasegmentals to Oral Tourism English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全娜

    2013-01-01

    In tourism English, oral English is particularly significant. Realizing the importance of correct pronunciation of the in⁃dividual English sounds in communication, the tourist employees used to practicing the pronunciation of words, but neglect the significance of suprasegmentals in communication. This thesis analyzes the function of suprasegmentals, such as syllable, stress, rhythm, pitch, intonation, pause and tempo in tourism English and points out the importance of understanding them, therefore tourist employees would better strength the practice of suprasegmentals in oral tourism English.

  11. Regional Development and Sustainability: Cultural Tourism in the Southern Region of Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José G. Vargas-Hernández

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the potential of cultural tourism in the municipalities that comprise region 6 of the State of Jalisco, territorially delimited in the South of Jalisco. (Subject is missing Are tested first to identify the demand for cultural tourism to determine the profile of the cultural tourist under the assumptions that tourists especially motivated by culture tend to travel longer distances than most tourists. It discusses the motivations and satisfactions of cultural tourists in order to establish the potential market in accordance with the characteristics of the target market in the southern region of Jalisco. Any operation of cultural tourism companies should make the strategic diagnosis, which explains the use of SWOT analysis as a tool for strategic planning of cultural tourism enterprises. Finally, we propose some development strategies of cultural tourism in this region of Southern Jalisco.

  12. Review of Foreign Tourism Culture Study and Its Enlightenments%国外旅游文化研究进展及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚美慧; 李朝军; 郑焱

    2014-01-01

    From the angle of tourism cultural and historical evolution,the paper elaborates foreign tourism culture and the research process of its studies,and summarizes the basic characteristics:focusing on humanism;there are more studies on tourism culture than tourism economy,and tourism cultural has become the main direction of tourism researches;emphasizing on application study instead of basic theory study;attaching importance to social impacts of tourism culture,and tourism cultural has become the vital perspective of the research.%从旅游文化研究历史演进的角度,梳理了国外旅游文化及其研究的嬗变过程,归纳了国外旅游文化研究的基本特征:注重从人本主义的角度出发;旅游文化研究已超越旅游经济的研究成为旅游研究的主导方向;重视应用研究,轻基础理论研究;多以旅游的社会文化影响为着眼点,旅游文化成为旅游研究最重要的视角。这些研究成果对旅游文化学学科建设具有重要启示意义。

  13. Analysis of the Relationship between Tourism and Food Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Jiménez-Beltrán

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, gastronomy has established itself as one of the key elements for the enhancement, sustainable and consolidation of tourist destinations. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the advancement of knowledge on gastronomic tourism in European countries, specifically in the analysis of the relationship between gastronomy, culture and tourism as the research focuses on the city of Córdoba, Spain. The methodology of this research involved conducting surveys with foreign travelers who were lunching or dining at various restaurants in the historic area, and these facilities were characterized by having in their gastronomic menus major typical culinary products of the city using the concept of tapas, i.e., the presentation of gastronomy through small portions of food. The results of the study indicate that the healthy component of the gastronomy represents the main dimension. Based on the detected dimensions, three types of international visitors are established (healthy-cultural tourist, cultural tourist and generic tourist which are considered valid and useful for segmenting the market. This highlights the importance given to gastronomy by tourists as part of the cultural identity of a place and the satisfaction achieved through the gastronomy of the city of Córdoba.

  14. Exploring Gamification Techniques and Applications for Sustainable Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adina Letiţia Negruşa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is perceived as an appropriate solution for pursuing sustainable economic growth due to its main characteristics. In the context of sustainable tourism, gamification can act as an interface between tourists (clients, organisations (companies, NGOs, public institutions and community, an interface built in a responsible and ethical way. The main objective of this study is to identify gamification techniques and applications used by organisations in the hospitality and tourism industry to improve their sustainable activities. The first part of the paper examines the relationship between gamification and sustainability, highlighting the links between these two concepts. The second part identifies success stories of gamification applied in hospitality and tourism and reviews gamification benefits by analysing the relationship between tourism organisations and three main tourism stakeholders: tourists, tourism employees and local community. The analysis is made in connection with the main pillars of sustainability: economic, social and environmental. This study is positioning the role of gamification in the tourism and hospitality industry and further, into the larger context of sustainable development.

  15. SEGMENTING AND PROFILING THE CULTURAL TOURISM MARKET FOR AN ISLAND DESTINATION

    OpenAIRE

    Sean M. Hennessey; Dongkoo Yun; Roberta MacDonald

    2014-01-01

    Culture is an important part of the tourism product and is one of the variables that can increase the attractiveness and the competitiveness of a tourism destination. Cultural tourism covers all aspects of travel and provides an opportunity for visitors to learn about a destination’s history and way of life. However, the size and importance of cultural tourism for specific destinations is still a matter of some debate. Some suggest that it is difficult to truly document the size of the cult...

  16. Looking for Tourism Legacy for the Future: Social and Cultural Dimensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camelia SURUGIU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The investigation of socio-cultural impact of tourism has brought about a substantial number of case studies, still its assessment remains very poor. This paper aims to put under discussion some indices and instruments of measuring the socio-economic impact of tourism, such as tourism intensity, correlation indicators, covariance analysis, Kuznets curve, regional tourism development typology at European and national level. The results of this analysis should represent useful data for policy-makers and practitioners in order to consolidate tourism policy objectives and philosophies of development on medium and long term.

  17. Petrovaradin Fortress (Novi Sad, Serbia: Tourism Spatial Planning and Design of The Upper Town for the Function of Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuk Garača

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The Fortress consists of several spatial entities, among which the Upper Town is the most attractive and the most developed one. Cultural and tourist-catering contents should have a primary function of the space, which would enable the Fortress to become the gathering place and the center of cultural tourism in a wider area. One of the most important questions refers to the way of management of this cultural value while one of the most appropriate solutions is establishment of a special public enterprise. Intensive development of tourism implies special conditions for the protection and preservation of the Fortress. The topic of this work is Petrovaradin Fortress, i.e. the Upper Town and its tourist organization in the function of cultural tourism. This work is aimed at presenting the possibilities that this area has for the development of tourism with a special accent placed upon cultural tourism. The tasks of this work are to present suggestions for tourist organization of this area with necessary urban equipment and for enrichment of museum and gallery objects with additional contents as well as the establishment of completely new exhibitions.

  18. Cultural Awareness in the Icelandic Tourism Industry: An exploration of cultural awareness and workplace diversity management in an expanding industry

    OpenAIRE

    Birna Sif Kristínardóttir 1986

    2013-01-01

    Tourism has experienced rapid growth over the last decades and is now among the fastest growing economic sectors in the world. With increased globalisation and expansion of the Icelandic tourism industry, Icelandic tourist practitioners are now facing a wider variety of foreigners coming to the country both as tourists and employees. Global changes in tourist demographics require need of cross-cultural awareness, understanding and acceptance of cultural differences by tourism practitioners. ...

  19. Application of Responsible Tourism in Development of Tourism Destinations ——A Case Study of Shangqiu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The development of responsible tourism is always a focus of foreign scholars’ attention,but the method of developing responsible tourism implemented in China’s Shangqiu area,is the first of its kind. From the perspective of interests of many parties of tourists,tourism developers,government,and related group of people,this article puts forth the ideas of developing the cultural heritage tourism resources based on the basic ideas and goals of responsible tourism development,and especially researches the feasibility of specific implementation program. Understanding this will be of practical significance to the development of similar tourism resources,the protection and management of cultural relics in China.

  20. Cross-culture Communications in Tourism under Conditions of Globalisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldoshyna Mariia V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of cross-cultural specific features of interaction within social and business communication in the international tourism. The goal of the article is analysis of the cross-cultural environment of Ukraine in the context of the world globalisation for efficient interaction in the sphere of international management and marketing. The article shows a necessity of a study of influence of national cultural features upon business activity of tourist enterprises with consideration of their international and cross-cultural nature of activity. The article identifies functions of culture and presents basic classifications of the world cultures by Geert Hofstede, Fons Trompenaars and Edward Twitchell Hall Jr. It considers specific features of activity of tourist enterprises in the spheres of cross-cultural management and marketing, formulates problems of manifestation of cultural differences in these spheres. It offers main advertising strategies in the international communication policy, which help enterprises to promote their tourist products to international markets more efficiently.

  1. Research on Application of Edible Landscape in Rural Tourism: A Case of Dendrobium Landscape in Pu'er City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Caihong

    2016-01-01

    With our country's quick urbanization and modernization, the development of Pu'er's rural tourism in Yunnan Province shows a good tendency. So the exploitation and application of rural tourism has attracted increasingly attention from all walks of life. This paper starts with the current conditions and trends of both rural tourism and Dendrobium landscape in Pu'er, and then discusses the necessity and feasibility of the edible landscape application in Rural tourism. Based on this formula, the paper finally probes on the principles and the practical modes of it, in order to create good, healthful and reasonable rural tourist sights, realize its economic value, social value, cultural or spiritual value and ecological value, give a reference for the further study of rural tourism.

  2. MOBILE APPLICATIONS FOR TOURISM. STUDY REGARDING THEIR USE BY ROMANIANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TUTUNEA MIHAELA FILOFTEIA

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The amazing development of the ICT industry and mobile technologies impressed a behavioural change and adaptation on individual and corporate users revealed at the level of current activities as well as in the consumer behaviours. Tourism industry has always been one of the most adaptable sectors, following the trends imposed by the two abovementioned industries. The increase in tourists’ mobility, users of mobile devices, also made necessary the adaptation of the distribution of tourism products and services and their redirecting towards the mobile environment. Taking into account these aspects, the present study was conceived on two levels. The first level identifies important aspects of mobile applications in general, by types and classifications, as well as presents a concise static image of them at global level. It also describes aspects related to mobile applications dedicated to tourism as offers to mobile device users. The second level comprises the study regarding the usage of tourism-specific mobile applications by Romanian mobile device users. The results of this study indicate the profile of the tourist-user of mobile devices from Romania, captured on three levels, namely: a socio-demographic profile, a mobility profile and a tourism-related mobile application user profile. We consider that these results provide useful information to companies belonging to the tourism and software industries, as well as indie developers of mobile applications, and users of mobile devices.

  3. Cities as Creative Spaces for Cultural Tourism: A Plea for the Consideration of History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Walker

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Cultural tourism around the world is big business. Tourism stakeholders within tourism destinations understandably work hard to develop brands and images that entice cultural tourists to visit. However, when tourism stakeholders involved in this process do not prioritise host community selfknowledge, cultural integrity is compromised and cultural distortion inevitably arises. The purpose of this paper is to raise the issue of congruity between tourism brand and tourist experience, and to make a plea for the consideration of history in the imaging, branding and interpretation processes. The conclusion is that the effective use of local history can illuminate host community self-knowledge for the benefit of both cultural tourist and host community.

  4. CULTURAL TOURISM IN MALAYSIA IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF INDIAN TOURISTS: A STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George P. BABU

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia is one of the economic superpowers in South East Asia, prospering at a fast pace as tourism is becoming one of the most important sectors of its economy. Areas like entertainment; beach and island tourism has become some of the major determinants of Malaysia’s phenomenal progress in tourism in the last few years. Yet one area that seems to get less attention is its cultural resources. Recently, Malaysia has turned out as one of the major destinations for the Indian Outbound Tourism market. This study looks into the situation that prevails in the area of cultural tourism in Malaysia and how are cultural as well as historical attractions of Malaysia viewed from the perspective of international tourists from India. With the help of descriptive analysis the study probes into the significance of Malaysia’s historical tourism and the awareness and perception about it among Indian visitors. Based on the study it is revealed that Malaysia’s cultural tourism resources are not promoted to the extent to which it becomes a significant part of the nation’s destination image. Lack of promotion and information available makes international visitors unaware about the potential of Malaysia as a cultural tourism destination. However, most of the tourists were satisfied with the cultural sites/attractions and think Malaysia is a reasonably good cultural destination.

  5. CULTURAL TOURISM IN MALAYSIA IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF INDIAN TOURISTS: A STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiran Sarkar SUDIPTA

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia is one of the economic superpowers in South East Asia, prospering at a fast pace as tourism is becoming one of the most important sectors of its economy. Areas like entertainment; beach and island tourism has become some of the major determinants of Malaysia’s phenomenal progress in tourism in the last few years. Yet one area that seems to get less attention is its cultural resources. Recently, Malaysia has turned out as one of the major destinations for the Indian Outbound Tourism market. This study looks into the situation that prevails in the area of cultural tourism in Malaysia and how are cultural as well as historical attractions of Malaysia viewed from the perspective of international tourists from India. With the help of descriptive analysis the study probes into the significance of Malaysia’s historical tourism and the awareness and perception about it among Indian visitors. Based on the study it is revealed that Malaysia’s cultural tourism resources are not promoted to the extent to which it becomes a significant part of the nation’s destination image. Lack of promotion and information available makes international visitors unaware about the potential of Malaysia as a cultural tourism destination. However, most of the tourists were satisfied with the cultural sites/attractions and think Malaysia is a reasonably good cultural destination.

  6. THE MAIN APPLICATIONS OF THE INTERNET IN TOURISM MARKETING

    OpenAIRE

    Beatrice Sion; Cezar Mihălcescu

    2010-01-01

    The Internet as a marketing media can be of great benefit to virtual all areas of marketing, from marketing research, through market segmentation, targeting and positioning, to the effective use of the marketing mix, and marketing organisation and control. The following discussion does not attempt to provide an exhaustive list of the Net's use in tourism; rather, it simply intends to exemplify its common applications in and main implications for tourism marketing.

  7. THE MAIN APPLICATIONS OF THE INTERNET IN TOURISM MARKETING

    OpenAIRE

    Beatrice Sion; Cezar Mihălcescu

    2010-01-01

    The Internet as a marketing media can be of great benefit to virtual all areas of marketing, from marketing research, through market segmentation, targeting and positioning, to the effective use of the marketing mix, and marketing organisation and control. The following discussion does not attempt to provide an exhaustive list of the Net's use in tourism; rather, it simply intends to exemplify its common applications in and main implications for tourism marketing.

  8. Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Sydney has been shaped by tourism but in a large metropolis, where tourist experiences so often overlap with everyday activity, its impact often escapes attention. Urban tourism involves not just international visitors, but people from interstate and regional NSW and even day trippers, who all see and use the city differently. Tourist Sydney has never been the same as workaday Sydney – the harbour, beaches, city centre, the Blue Mountains and national parks to the north and south loomed dispr...

  9. Family Foundation, Is It An Innovative Strategy? The Case of Cultural Heritage Tourism in Toraja, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilham Junaid

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Toraja has been considered as the icon of tourism in South Sulawesi province, Indonesia. As the number of tourist decreases and one tourism attraction belongs to many members of family, there is an expectation from stakeholders that innovative strategies should be implemented to develop tourism. To achieve this goal, yayasan keluarga (family foundation has been established to manage tourism in Toraja. The study reveals that although family foundation has been the option to develop tourism and is an innovative strategy in managing tourism attractions, stakeholders believe that Toraja tourism should be developed together with the existence of the family foundation based on the principle of collaborative work. High demand on the role of the regional government in developing tourism exists although the family foundation is the main organizer of tourism attractions. Similarly, the regional government believes that the family foundation is a choice from the community and thus, it is the role of the family foundation to implement activities for tourism development in Toraja. This paper suggests that cultural heritage tourism in Toraja can be developed if the family foundation implements innovative strategies as well as strengthens relationship (synergy and collaborative work with other stakeholders in Toraja.

  10. THE ROLE OF HOTELS IN THE CONSUMPTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN KENYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru NEDELEA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is Kenya's leading foreign exchange earner, yielding the country over US$500m annually. The industry contributes over 10% of the GDP to the national economy. However, considering that the industry experienced a slump over the period 1994-2003, there are challenges on how to sustain the current tempo of growth in the midst of growing competition, especially in wildlife-based tourism. There is a general feeling that the tourism industry in Kenya needs to avoid over reliance on wildlife and diversify its tourism product base. The industry stakeholders (led by the government are seeking means and strategies of differentiating the tourism product offering in order to become a destination of choice in international markets. It is with the foregoing in mind that this study focused on investigating the possibility of incorporating cultural tourism as a means of augmenting and diversifying Kenya's tourism product. This is in view of the fact that the country has a vast ethnic diversity with a total of 42 cultural groupings.These groups spice up Kenya's heritage with various cultural attractions including music, food, dress, architecture, artifacts, dances, language, religious monuments, prayer and worship, family, government and leadership. The question that the research wanted to answer is how the hotels could contribute to the development of cultural tourism in Kenya. Being a key component and beneficiaries of improved performance in tourism, hotels, have a crucial role to play in shaping the nature of the cultural tourism product offering. The study established that many hotels have taken various specific measures in support of cultural tourism including: architectural designs and layouts that depict the surrounding culture; incorporation of local culture in branding and naming of facilities; inclusion of traditional tastes and choices in food; selection of staff uniform based on traditional designs and colours; emphasis on cultural uniqueness

  11. THE ROLE OF HOTELS IN THE CONSUMPTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN KENYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph A K. WADAWI

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is Kenya's leading foreign exchange earner, yielding the country over US$500m annually. The industry contributes over 10% of the GDP to the national economy. However, considering that the industry experienced a slump over the period 1994-2003, there are challenges on how to sustain the current tempo of growth in the midst of growing competition, especially in wildlife-based tourism. There is a general feeling that the tourism industry in Kenya needs to avoid over reliance on wildlife and diversify its tourism product base. The industry stakeholders (led by the government are seeking means and strategies of differentiating the tourism product offering in order to become a destination of choice in international markets. It is with the foregoing in mind that this study focused on investigating the possibility of incorporating cultural tourism as a means of augmenting and diversifying Kenya's tourism product. This is in view of the fact that the country has a vast ethnic diversity with a total of 42 cultural groupings.These groups spice up Kenya's heritage with various cultural attractions including music, food, dress, architecture, artifacts, dances, language, religious monuments, prayer and worship, family, government and leadership. The question that the research wanted to answer is how the hotels could contribute to the development of cultural tourism in Kenya. Being a key component and beneficiaries of improved performance in tourism, hotels, have a crucial role to play in shaping the nature of the cultural tourism product offering. The study established that many hotels have taken various specific measures in support of cultural tourism including: architectural designs and layouts that depict the surrounding culture; incorporation of local culture in branding and naming of facilities; inclusion of traditional tastes and choices in food; selection of staff uniform based on traditional designs and colours; emphasis on cultural uniqueness

  12. CULTURAL CAPITAL AS TOURISM DEVELOPMENT BASIS IN TRADITIONAL VILLAGE OF KUTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketut Sumadi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a favourite sector in improving Bali revenue and kind of tourismdeveloped is cultural one. In cultural tourism, it takes place meaning modification ofcultural practice by krama (member of traditional village in order to cultural capitalcan survive in the middle of tourism dynamic condition. This research entitled“Cultural capital as tourism development basis in traditional village of Kuta”, byproposing three problems, namely how is the process of cultural capital as tourismdevelopment basis, what factors can motivate tourism capital as tourism developmentbasis, and what is the meaning of cultural capital as tourism development basis.The research is conducted using qualitative method and cultural studiesapproach, so data analysis is conducted in descriptive qualitative and interpretativeones. Selection of traditional village of Kuta as research location based onconsideration that traditional village of Kuta having integrated tourism facilities forfacilities addressed to member of traditional village. The review about culturalcapital as the tourism development basis in this traditional village of Kuta, eclecticstheories consisting of Hegemonic theory of Gramsci, co-modification theory of KarlMarx and Adorno, discourse-power/knowledge and truth theory of Foucoult anddeconstruction theory of Derrida.Based on the research output, it can be known: (1 Cultural capital process astourism development basis in traditional village of Kuta is inseparable fromforeigners arrival in traditional village of Kuta, the entrance of Military (TheCooperative Center of Arm Force in managing Kuta beach and the occurrence ofBali bombing tragedy on October 12th, 2002; (2 The factors that motivate culturalcapital as the tourism development basis in traditional village of Kuta, such asmotivation and the necessity of tourists visiting traditional village of Kuta, tourismhegemony, changing of life philosophy of member of traditional village fromidealism into

  13. A Study of Cross-cultural Pragmatic Failures in Tourism Interpretation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wei-jie

    2015-01-01

    In the tourism interpretation, guide interpreter incompetent in cross-cultural pragmatic awareness and ability happens to make various cross-cultural pragmatic failures, which would result in misunderstandings or even failures in communication. The phenomenon of cross-cultural pragmatic failures in the tourism interpretation from two subdivisions:pragmalinguistic failure and sociopragmatic failure would be discussed from the interdisciplinary perspective, aiming to the promotion of the quality of tourism interpretation and the advancement of the cross-cultural communication between China and the west.

  14. Emerging Issues for Cultural Tourism in Macau Fragen des Kultur-Toursmus in Macau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilary du Cros

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Recent research on achieving sustainable heritage tourism in Macau advocates a greater collaboration between tourism and heritage management authorities and the local community on reaching sustainable tourism goals. A key theme for Macau in the last ten years has been how the tension between the proponents for greater casino development versus those for cultural heritage product development has played out in government policies for heritage management, private sector tourism development and host community concerns about heritage protection and achieving quality tourism. The indirect influence of the central government on Macau Special Administrative Region’s (SAR’s policy development in relation to these topics in the last ten years will be discussed in this context using findings from three recent studies by the Institute For Tourism Studies (IFT and background information collected on government policy and community views. This paper will outline emerging issues regarding demand, supply, and impacts of cultural tourism with reference to findings from four recent research projects. Special reference will be made to over-use and under-use issues, authenticity, and the management of tourism impacts while enhancing visitor experience. Strategic planning and management of cultural tourism products will also be touched upon. Jüngste Forschungen zum Kultur- und Denkmal-Tourismus in Macau haben ergeben, dass einer stärkeren Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Verwaltungsbereichen Toursmus und Denkmalpflege sowie den lokalen Gemeinden große Bedeutung zukommt, um eine nachhaltige Förderung der Tourismus zu erzielen.

  15. CULTURAL – FOLKLORE EVENTS – PROMOTERS OF THE CULTURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Maria IORDACHE

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In an era of overcalling output and of removing state borders, it is very important to know and to be able to identify ourselves. Cultural folklore holidays/festivals represent one of the most extensive and complex elements of the immaterial popular culture, acting as an icon because they integrate social, ethic, aesthetic, cultural values specific to a nation. Most tourists have looked for and will continue to look for this icon and to discover it during their holidays and journeys, wishing to know, to explore and to experiment other peoples’ culture and way of living.

  16. Integrating Sustainability and Hawaiian Culture into the Tourism Experience of the Hawaiian Islands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Agrusa

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The travel industry in Hawaii has been experiencing a trend towards more authentic tourism, which reintegrates Hawaiian culture into the visitors’ experience. This study investigated the reintegration of Hawaiian culture into the tourism experience on the Hawaiian Islands by reviewing existing literature, and by analyzing primary data collected through visitor surveys. The purpose of the study was to determine whether there is a visitors’ demand for a more authentic tourism experience in Hawaii through the reintegration of Hawaiian culture, and if so, which efforts should be made or continue to be made to achieve this authenticity. Important aspects that were taken into consideration in this research effort arethe changes Hawaiian culture has experienced with the arrival of outsiders, and the authenticity of the Hawaiian tourism experience today. Further aspects that were examined include the visitors’ image of Hawaii, their expectations, their experiences and satisfaction during their stay, their interest in and understanding of Hawaiian culture, as well as the type of Hawaiian cultural experiences they are interested in. According to the findings of this study, English speaking visitors are interested in Hawaiian culture and feel that Hawaiian culture is not represented enough in the tourism experience today. The conclusion is, therefore, that efforts to integrate Hawaiian culture into the tourism experience need to be increasedbeyond what is currently being done. Ideas for reintegrating Hawaiian culture are discussed and possible solutions are provided.

  17. Marketing of the Balkans as à tourist destination for cultural tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work is to outline possibilities for the marketing of the Balkans as à tourist destination for cultural tourism. It gives à definition of the Balkan region as à tourist destination. The target cultural tourist segments of the region are indicated. The strategic marketing mix is drawn for the positioning of the Balkans on the market of cultural tourism. The possible organizational platform for the marketing of the Balkans as à tourist destination is shown.

  18. Relation between creative teaching and sustainable practices in cultural heritage tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Rašperić Ružica; Lekić Romana; Fištrek Lidija

    2016-01-01

    This paper is primarily concerned with alternative teaching methodologies. Creative teaching methodologies place the student at the center of the learning process. This paper is a case study of 'Orion - promotion of the Vučedol culture' project as a self-sustainable cultural product. The primary goal of the project is the promotion of heritage through cultural tourism. The 'Orion' project was launched in cooperation with third year undergraduate students at the Department of Tourism of VERN U...

  19. The cultural and ecological impacts of aboriginal tourism: a case study on Taiwan's Tao tribe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Tzu-Ming; Lu, Dau-Jye

    2014-01-01

    We show that tourism activities severely impact the ecology of Orchid Island, its natural resources, and the culture of the Tao tribe. For example, highway widening, in response to the increased traffic volumes caused by tourism, required many Pandanus trees to be cut and removed, which has placed the coconut crabs in danger of extinction. To promote eco-tourism, observation trips to observe Elegant Scops owls and Birdwing butterflies have taken place, which has affected the breeding of these two protected species. The Elegant Scops owls- and Birdwing butterflies-related tourism activities also break the "evil spirits" taboo of the Tao people and have caused the disappearance of the specifications for using traditional natural resources, causing natural ecosystems to face the threat of excessive use. In addition to promoting and advocating aboriginal tourism of the Tao people on Orchid Island, the Taiwanese government should help the Tao people to develop a management model that combines traditional regulations and tourism activities.

  20. Modern Aspects of Cultural and Historical Heritage Involvement in Tourism Activities in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Aleksandrova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on problems and prospects of cultural tourism development in Russia. The results of overall research at national, regional and local levels and case studies held in several regions of Russia are presented. They confirm that Russia’s huge cultural and historical heritage is still inefficiently used in tourism. In recent years the growing demand for cultural tours remains largely pending due to lack of modern tourist products and their insufficient promotion. The use of iconic and flagship attractions for increasing the destination attractiveness as well as culture-tourism interaction in regional development are being discussed. Currently, particular attention is paid to events based on cultural and historical sites. “National Calendar of Events” and national “Russian Event Award” are established to encourage event tourism growth. State policy in cultural tourism management in Russia is now changing mainly from the separate “growth points” development to the organization of interregional tourist routes based on diverse cultural heritage. Effective interaction of cultural heritage and tourism industry requires special measures and platforms based on the partnership of a vast number of stakeholders.

  1. 基于旅游产品视角的文化旅游探析%Cultural Tourism Analysis from the Perspective of Tourism Product

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王富德; 廖珂

    2012-01-01

    Culture is the soul of tourism, whereas tourism is the carder of culture. With a steady development of the modem tourism industry in the past 30 years in China, the concept of cultural tourism has emerged. In order to promote the integration of culture and tourism and the development of cultural tourism, cultural tourism products are developed throughout the country. Cultural tourism product is not a new thing. Instead, it is an important method to improve the quality of the tourism product system. Cultural tourism has the distinctive attributes of tourism product. However, Cultural Tourism itself has its own particular characteristics, namely, through highlighting cultural symbols to meet the need of tourist culture, so as to achieve the improvement of tourism product. This involves macro concepts and micro level of cultural tourism product type. Cultural tourism product analysis could be undertaken in the following respects: highlighting cultural symbols in cultural tourism development, meeting the tourists ' cultural demands, understanding and identifying with different cultures, and enhancing the quality of tourism product. On the macro level, the research should be focused on the leading role of cultural tourism in tourism products. On the micro level, efforts should be made to analyze cultural tourism categories, components, and products connotations.%文化是灵魂,旅游是载体,中国现代旅游业50多年的稳步发展催生了文化旅游概念的提出。为了进一步推动文化与旅游的深度结合,促进文化旅游发展,全国各地在努力打追文化旅游系列产品。毋庸讳言,所谓文化旅游产品并非是“另立山头”的新产品,而是旅游产品体系品质提升的重大举措,文化旅游具有鲜明的旅游产品属性。但是,“文化旅游”的提出,又决定了其产品属性的个性,即通过文化符号的彰显满足大众旅游需求,进而实现旅游产品品质的提升,这

  2. Augmented Reality in Tourism - Research and Applications Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anabel L. Kečkeš

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Augmented reality is a complex interdisciplinary field utilizing information technologies in diverse areas such as medicine, education, architecture, industry, tourism and others, augmenting the real-time, real-world view with additional superimposed information in chosen format(s. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of both research and application aspects of using augmented reality technologies in tourism domain. While most research, and especially applications, are dealing with and developing visual-based augmented reality systems, there is a relevant amount of research discussing the utilization of other human senses such as tactioception and audioception, both being discussed within this work. A comprehensive literature analysis within this paper resulted with the identification, compilation and categorization of the key factors having the most relevant impact on the success of utilization of augmented technology in tourism domain.

  3. Case study: Social and cultural impacts of tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Kennell, James

    2014-01-01

    Tourism can be a challenging subject for students because it is both dynamic and susceptible to economic turbulence and shifts in trends. Tourism: A Modern Synthesis is an essential textbook for tourism students looking for a clear and comprehensive introduction to their studies which helps overcome these challenges. The authors apply a strong business approach to the subject reflecting developments in the teaching and content of modern courses and the text covers both key principles and cont...

  4. Enacting Performed Culture Approach in Yunnan College of Tourism and Vocation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安小可

    2013-01-01

    The paper focuses on performed culture approach adopted in Cross-Culture Communication course in Yunnan Col-lege of Tourism and Vocation. The author detailed how to implement some of these strategies in her English class. It attempts to show that performed culture approach holds an important place in Cross-Culture Communication course.

  5. Applicability of Social Media in Tourism Business

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Thu Hang

    2010-01-01

    Social media is changing the traditional way of marketing and it has opened up tremendous opportunities for companies. The purpose of this research is to explain why small tourism enterprises should use social media and how they gain the benefits from it. The theoretical framework of the thesis aims to provide readers general understanding of social media and its impacts on the customers’ behaviour. The qualitative research consists of focus group and an in-depth interview used in this s...

  6. Tourism and Cultural Heritage: Higher Education and Entrepreneurship Development in Transition Phase. The Tunisian Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faysal Mansouri

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This is to lay down an approach to develop tourism and cultural heritage through higher education and entrepreneurship development for economies in transition: The case of Tunisia. There is a need to provide incentives to people to have favorable preferences toward a tourism based in part on cultural heritage in a phase where everything is being under construction institutions, legislations, and relationships alike. Cultural heritage and tourism development may be enhanced by a diversification strategy to enrich the image of local touristic destinations (diversification of site visits, purchases of new products, new circuits, and discovery of monumental heritage, museum, park and gardens, natural sites. Moreover, it is of great importance to invest in youth entrepreneurship development to orient toward business creation and development in the domain of tourism and cultural heritage.

  7. Context Management Platform for Tourism Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buján, David; Martín, David; Torices, Ortzi; López-de-Ipiña, Diego; Lamsfus, Carlos; Abaitua, Joseba; Alzua-Sorzabal, Aurkene

    2013-01-01

    The notion of context has been widely studied and there are several authors that have proposed different definitions of context. However, context has not been widely studied in the framework of human mobility and the notion of context has been imported directly from other computing fields without specifically addressing the tourism domain requirements. In order to store and manage context information a context data model and a context management platform are needed. Ontologies have been widely used in context modelling, but many of them are designed to be applied in general ubiquitous computing environments, do not contain specific concepts related to the tourism domain or some approaches do not contain enough concepts to represent context information related to the visitor on the move. That is why we propose a new approach to provide a better solution to model context data in tourism environments, adding more value to our solution reusing data about tourist resources from an Open Data repository and publishing it as Linked Data. We also propose the architecture for a context information management platform based on this context data model. PMID:23797739

  8. Context management platform for tourism applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buján, David; Martín, David; Torices, Ortzi; López-de-Ipiña, Diego; Lamsfus, Carlos; Abaitua, Joseba; Alzua-Sorzabal, Aurkene

    2013-06-24

    The notion of context has been widely studied and there are several authors that have proposed different definitions of context. However, context has not been widely studied in the framework of human mobility and the notion of context has been imported directly from other computing fields without specifically addressing the tourism domain requirements. In order to store and manage context information a context data model and a context management platform are needed. Ontologies have been widely used in context modelling, but many of them are designed to be applied in general ubiquitous computing environments, do not contain specific concepts related to the tourism domain or some approaches do not contain enough concepts to represent context information related to the visitor on the move. That is why we propose a new approach to provide a better solution to model context data in tourism environments, adding more value to our solution reusing data about tourist resources from an Open Data repository and publishing it as Linked Data. We also propose the architecture for a context information management platform based on this context data model.

  9. Culinary Travel as New Approach for Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás López-Guzmán

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastronomy is emerging as one of the key elements for the development and promotion of tourist destinations, also having a positive influence both on increasing overnight stays as in the enhancement of primary sector of a certain geographic area. The methodology used to carry out this research study was based on the realization of a fieldwork with the objective of getting to know the tourist profile visiting the city of Cáceres, Spain and its feedback and motivations regarding gastronomy. The results of this research show the important relationship between culture and gastronomy and point out how cultural destinations can enhance visitor satisfaction through the promotion of its cuisine. The findings of this research point to the importance of gastronomy in the satisfaction of tourists visiting the city of Cáceres. Thus an enhancement of the same would, consequently, determine higher tourist satisfaction. This paper can contribute to the analysis of gastronomic tourism in Europe, contributing as a key element, in addition to the high level of response from tourists, the fact that surveys have been conducted at the restaurants themselves when the traveler was having lunch or dinner.

  10. Tourism and Cultural Heritage: Sector Priorities of Regional Development Policy within Bucharest-Ilfov Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Ionescu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The sustainable development gets a great importance in the context of Romania integration in the EU and globalization, a context in which the intersection of the economic, social environmental but also cultural and recreational sector is more and more complex. Having in mind this complex context, in this paper, we present a personal point of view regarding the potential for growth in tourism of Bucharest-Ilfov region, due to vast range of tourist offer (cultural, business, recreational. The Bucharest-Ilfov region has a great tourism potential: the attraction capacity of the Bucharest urban centre is enriched by the environmental and cultural value of the areas and sites surrounding the capital city. This combination of urban, business, cultural and environmental resources is a powerful basis for developing the tourism sector in the region. The tourism sector must be a priority of the regional development policy, because of the importance of the tourism contribution to growth and job creation so the infrastructure improvement is therefore a necessity for tourism development. In line with the above, the main goal of this paper is to demonstrate the necessity of increasing the economic importance of the tourism sector within the regional economy.

  11. Patrimonio cultural y turismo en el México posrevolucionario/Cultural heritage and tourism in post-revolutionary Mexico

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Eugenio Mercado López

    2016-01-01

      This article discusses the beginning of the relationship between cultural heritage and tourism in the plans and programs of government in Mexico during the first decades of the twentieth century...

  12. TOURISM IMPACTS ON LOCAL LIFE: SOCIO-CULTURAL CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN CRETE

    OpenAIRE

    Terkenli, Theano; BELLAS, Marcia L.; JENKINS, Laura Dudley

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this article is to address the ongoing need to assess the impact of tourism on local societies, in the context of contemporary tourism studies and social sciences. It seeks to contribute to an understanding of local perceptions of socio-spatial transformation through processes of a “new cultural economy of space”—in cases where tourism constitutes the major agent of change. The case study in Crete explores the imprint of this new cultural economy of space on local societies, ...

  13. Sustainable Development and Cultural Tourism%可持续发展与文化旅游

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐榕; 张善庆

    2015-01-01

    目前,一些地方旅游资源在粗放式经济、盲目开发等不合理利用下正受到损害,因此,促使了旅游可持续发展理论体系的形成与应用,合理的开发离不开可持续发展观念的渗透。持续发展的涵义有3个最基本的要点:一是公平性原则;二是持续性原则;三是共同性原则。旅游可持续发展是人类进行游览活动与社会环境系统关系变化的一种规范。文化旅游的市场潜力无限,只要开发角度新颖、形式多样、内容健康,充分挖掘独特的民族文化精髓,可供利用的资源将会取之不尽、用之不竭。%Currently, some local tourism resources are being compromised under the unreasonable use, such as extensive economic growth, blind development, etc. It promotes the theoretical system and application of sustainable development of tourism. The reasonable development is inseparable from the penetration of the concept of sustainable development. The meaning of sustainable development has three basic points: First, the principle of fairness; Second, the principle of sustainability; Third, the principle of commonality. Tourism sustainable development is a norm of human conducting tours with the social environment changes. The market potential of cultural tourism is unlimited. As long as there is a novel angle for development, a diversity of forms, a healthy content, a fully exploit of the unique essence of national culture, the tourism resources will always be available and inexhaustible.

  14. 77 FR 75148 - Request for Applications for United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... International Trade Administration Request for Applications for United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board... membership on the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently seeking applications for four memberships on the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board...

  15. Sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Schwartzhoffová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Sport tourism is one specific type of travel and tourism. The goal of this article is to introduce the definition and importance of sport tourism to academic and sports professionals. At present, sport tourism is a diverse social, economic and cultural phenomenon arising from the unique interaction of activity, people and place. The second part of this article reports about sports events as an important part of sport tourism.

  16. To Discuss the Tourism Culture%旅游文化论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周义龙

    2011-01-01

    旅游是文化的载体,文化是旅游的灵魂。旅游与文化水乳交融,相依相存,密不可分。本文在对旅游文化的概念进行概括和分析的基础上,进一步分析旅游文化的交融性、综合性、冲突性、多样性、沿袭性、服务性、享乐性、变异性等特征以及旅游文化的重要意义——旅游业的灵魂和支柱、旅游资源开发的重要内容、旅游业可持续发展的源泉、旅游业发展新的经济增长点、弘扬和保护传统文化的重要渠道、增进世界相互了解与和平共处的重要工具等。%Tourism is the carrier of culture, and culture is the soul of tourism. Tourism and culture are in complete harmony and inseparable. This paper was on the basis of outlines and analysis the concept of the tourism culture, further analysis that the tourism culture has the combination, comprehensive and conflict, diversity, follow sex, service, hedonic, changeable features and the tourism culture is that the soul of the tourism industry and the pillar, the tourist resources development the important content, the sustainable development of tourism industry, the new economic growth point, an important channel of develop and the protection of traditional culture, the important tool of making the world understand and peaceful coexistence.

  17. Enhancing Sustainable Food Cultures by Experience Based Learning in Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    The paper describes the results and niche forming methodology used in the commercial and in the R&D parts along the product-service chain of regional tourism. Obstacles and window of opportunities for further sustaining the tourism trade by enhancing the experience part of the business....

  18. Enhancing Sustainable Food Cultures by Experience Based Learning in Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    The paper describes the results and niche forming methodology used in the commercial and in the R&D parts along the product-service chain of regional tourism. Obstacles and window of opportunities for further sustaining the tourism trade by enhancing the experience part of the business....

  19. An application of the global sustainable tourism criteria in health tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert S. Bristow; Wen-Tsann Yang; Mei-Tsen. Lu

    2010-01-01

    Tourism is an important element of the global economy. Yet for the tourism industry to grow and prosper, there is a need to protect local environmental and social well-being. Sustainable tourism seeks a compromise between growth and protection. Today, health tourism is a multi-billion dollar industry tied to individuals' travel overseas for inexpensive and timely...

  20. Commodification of culture in fiction-induced tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lipovšek Emilija

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the fiction-induced tourism, the illusion of the fictional world is maintained for the sake of the tourist in the real locations and thus it can be used to attract readership and cinephiles alike. Their desire to travel is based on the chronotope (Bakhtin, 1981 that is used as the background in their favourite books and films. Upon reading a book or seeing a film, the audience is inspired to visit the locations in a city where the plot took place. Thus the chronotope of the city featured in fiction develops palimpsestic features. If the flâneur experiences the city, its streets and inhabitants as he/she wanders aimlessly and translates afterwards all this into words in the urban narrative (Benjamin, 1968, then the tourist acts as a 'flâneur ranversé', while they walk the city and observe it in search of the places described in their favourite works of fiction. Moreover, the paper will consider some of the examples of the commodification of cultural products, including Harry Potter bookshop, guided walks and themed studio tours.

  1. Residents’ Attitudes towards Sustainable Tourism Development in a Historical-Cultural Village: Influence of Perceived Impacts, Sense of Place and Tourism Development Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    He Zhu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to assess the residents’ support for sustainable tourism development in a destination that is in the initial tourism development stage. Residents’ perception of sustainable tourism development potential, sense of place, perceived tourism impacts, and tourism development support were involved in this study. A total of 331 completed questionnaire surveys were collected in Luozhou, a historical-cultural village in China. The empirical data were analyzed using a structural equation modeling (SEM technique, and the results revealed that perceived collective benefits had a significant positive effect on tourism development support, whereas the other three perceived impacts’ influence were not significant. The relationship between residents’ sense of place and perceived collective and personal benefits, perceived personal costs and tourism development support, were significant. Additionally, residents’ perceptions of tourism development potential had a significant influence on perceived impact and tourism development support except for perceived personal benefits. Some practical implications of those findings for tourism planning and development are also discussed.

  2. Contexts in tourism and leisure studies : a cross-cultural contribution to the production of knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Platenkamp, V.

    2007-01-01

    In this PhD an attempt has been made to deliver a cross-cultural contribution to the production of knowledge in tourism and leisure studies. The necessity of this attempt originates in: thegrowing cultural complexity in a globalising world. From a cross-cultural

  3. Contexts in tourism and leisure studies : a cross-cultural contribution to the production of knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Platenkamp, V.

    2007-01-01

    In this PhD an attempt has been made to deliver a cross-cultural contribution to the production of knowledge in tourism and leisure studies. The necessity of this attempt originates in: thegrowing cultural complexity in a globalising world. From a cross-cultural perspe

  4. The promotion of geomorphosites on salt from Sovata - Praid and Turda using cultural and scientific tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toma, B.; Irimus, I.; Petrea, D.

    2012-04-01

    these lakes are used for external treatment. The holes resulting from exploitation were arranged and turned into treatment rooms for those affected by respiratory diseases. Localities Praid and Sovata from rural settlements, have become balneary resorts, that use these salt resources by multiple forms of tourism: spas, climatic, cultural, recreational and scientific. In Turda has developed both health, climacteric and recreational tourism, as well as cultural and historical tourism, given the historical relics that are housed here. The design of applicative segment of geomorphological sites on salt recovery, through tourism activities is the objective of our work. Methodological argumentation is supported by the objective motivation, of geomorphosites on salt capitalization, by the content of syllabus and specialization of geography of tourism and territorial planning, from the Faculty of Geography, Babes-Bolyai University from Cluj-Napoca. The syllabus content argues the need for knowledge of geomorphosites genesis, their morphology, touristic valences, urbanistic valences, and the possibility of recovery, through forms and types of tourism, namely, urban, agricultural, industrial forms and types of exploitation. Key words: salt, geomorphosites, Praid, Turda, recovery

  5. Communication and Cultural Memory in Contemporary Tourism Media Products: Culture-specific and Cross-cultural Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Salamurović

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Communication practices which are a part of the contemporary media-culture are intrinsically tied to the processes of (recreating collective identities. One of the possible strategies in the frame of the mediated communication practice is to connect traditional ele-ments of cultural memory with new ones, which are declared as preferable and acceptable. In that way the collective identity remains, on the one hand, “homoge-neous”, offering stability to the members of communica-tion community, on the other hand, it is subject to change and dynamics, always “ready” to be reshaped in order to achieve wider acceptance. The tourism media products, especially tourism promotion videos, are the best examples for this mediated communication prac-tice. The visual images, combined with text messages, i.e. slogans, are not only some of the most important narrative mechanisms in the presentation of certain tourist destination, they are also the key elements of the mediated collective cultural memory and identity of the respective country presented in the tourism promotion videos. The main goal of this article is to examine the represen-tation and composition forms of some of the tourism promotion videos both from the Balkan countries as well as from other regions worldwide related especially to the elements of the cultural memory in order to de-fine culture-specific and cross-cultural strategies rele-vant to the creation of the collective identity. The analy-sis is based on the Critical Discourse Analysis, respec-tively the analytical framework of the “Grammar of Vis-ual Design” by Kress/van Leeuwen.

  6. COOPERATION BETWEEN ACTORS FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: THE APRECIATION OF HERITAGE AND CULTURAL RESOURCES IN RURAL TERRITORIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Amaral

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Framed by the theoretical context concerning cooperation between tourism agents, the present paper aims to contribute for better understanding South Alentejo tourism agents’ perceptions on the areas in which they can cooperate for promoting development and competitiveness in the region. Furthermore, the paper also looks at the tourist agents’ perception on role that the dynamics of cultural resources play in promotion of development and competitiveness in the region. This paper reports results from a case study conducted in the frame of the thesis developed as requirement to get the PhD in Tourism. Data was gathered by a questionnaire developed for the study from a sample of tourism agents working in the public, private business and associative (non lucrative sectors. The study results has indicated that valuation of the existing culture, integrated development of tourism resources and products and organization of promotional activities are the areas considered more relevant for the tourism agents to cooperate among them. In particular, leaders of different sectors agree with the need to cooperate focusing on the valorisation of local and regional cultural resources. This is important because the South Alentejo region has excellent cultural resources that, if strategically used, can provide a major differentiating factor.

  7. Advantages of combined application of SEA with ESIA in strategic planning for sustainable territorial development of tourism destinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nenković-Riznić Marina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Whereas standard SEA (Strategic Environmental Assessment and EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment methodologies aim to assess the impacts of certain activities solely on environmental quality, new tendencies in spatial and environmental planning are directed towards the application of environmental social impact assessment (ESIA, which implies assessment of the impacts on the quality of life, as well as on natural and cultural heritage. In the ESIA procedure, identification and assessment of direct, indirect and cumulative effects of tourism-related and other different activities are of key importance. The paper presents two case studies of ecologically vulnerable tourism destinations to explore whether the application of SEA/ESIA to strategic planning helps control, minimize or avoid negative effects of tourism; in addition, the case studies are analysed to check the efficiency of SEA/ESIA as instruments for coordination between spatial and tourism planning for sustainable territorial development of tourism destinations. The results/findings of the analysed case studies show that the application of combined SEA and adapted ESIA methods contributes to better understanding of the specific problems related to sustainable territorial development of tourism destinations, and provides support to the planning options and solutions aimed at addressing these problems n a more ecologically and socially justifiable manner. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR36036: Sustainable development of the Danube area in Serbia i br. III47014: The Role and Implementation of the National Spatial Plan and Regional Development Documents in Renewal of Strategic Research, Thinking and Governance in Serbia

  8. Promoting Cultural Tourism Industry in Africa: The Place of African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mrs Afam

    Tourism infrastructures – transportation system, hospitality industry and .... achievement oriented people and a man's position among his kith and kin is validated ..... did not manage to conceal my feelings from my mother, and after serving the.

  9. Analysis of the cultural tourism trends and perspectives in Romania

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gabriela TIGU; Silvia Elena CRISTACHE; Elena Cristina MAHIKA; Lavinia TOTAN

    2014-01-01

    Tourism brings a number of benefits, including the enhancement of economic opportunities by creating more jobs for local residents or the increase in income by stimulating and creating local and regional markets...

  10. Promoting and Financing Cultural Tourism in Europe through European Capitals of Culture: A Case Study of Košice, European Capital of Culture 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Šebová

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper highlights the link between the European Capital of Culture (ECoC designation and the development of cultural tourism in Europe. Cultural tourism is the fastest growing segment of tourism in the world and is the desirable objective of new defined cultural policies in European cities. According to the European Commission (2012, it is estimated that cultural tourism accounts for around 40% of all European tourism. In general, the European Commission confirms the significant role of cultural tourism in the development of tourism in Europe and one of the most visible tools of this strategy is the designation of the ECoC. Cultural policy has also become an important tool of urban regeneration and in the rebranding of European cities. The case study of Košice ECoC 2013 presents part of the results from the Košice ECoC evaluation project. The Košice ECoC 2013 project was designed as a community led project which was targeted at increasing the cultural consumption of residents rather than the number of foreign cultural tourists. However, the biggest events such as White night attracted a lot of tourists from the wider region. More than 70 million EUR was dedicated to investments, which have significantly improved the culture infrastructure in Košice. The ECoC designation supported the local cultural buzz and led to new local production of modern culture, art and the creative industries. Other visible effects have already been seen in the advantages gained by the decentralization of the cultural infrastructure and events in the neighbourhoods. The involvement of people outside the city centre has avoided gentrification in the city. From this point of view the project Košice ECoC 2013 has had the prerequisite to sustainable cultural tourism in Košice

  11. Tourisme.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saskia Cousin

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Qu’est ce que le tourisme ? Quel est le lien entre les Bidochon en voyage organisé (Binet, [1984] 2007, Stendhal séduit par les beautés de Florence, et l’homme en costume confortablement installé en classe affaires qu’affichent les publicités des compagnies aériennes ? Tous sont des touristes : le distingué Henri Beyle (mieux connu sous le nom de Stendhal invente le terme en français en écrivant ses Mémoires d’un touriste (1838 ; le couple de « français ...

  12. Survey of Effect of Merger in Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organizations on Tourism destinations Competitiveness Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A.Sohrabi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Organization mergers, integration of activities in two or more organizations, have always attracted the attention of policy makers as well as decision makers. The merger of the three organizations of Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts into one organization named the Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts organization which took place in two stages between 2003 and 2005, is among the biggest mergers of the past few years in our country. This paper analyzes the effects of this merger on the competitiveness of tourism destinations. The model proposed by Ritchie and Crouch (2003, which is the most comprehensive model in this area is used. This model considers five main factors: core resources and attractors, destination management, destination policy, planning and development, qualifying and amplifying determinants, and supporting factors and resources. The effects of the merger on these factors were studied using two questionnaires verified by experts in the field. 47 of the total 62 questions were put in the first questionnaire and the other 15 were put in the second. Since the merger was completed in 2005, the statistical population is comprised of managers and staff at the Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts organization in the province of Hamedan who had worked in one of the three separate organizations prior to the merger and tourists who had made a visit to the province then. 74 participants i.e. employees with over seven years of experience on the job responded to the first questionnaire and 219 responded to the second questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software package and single or multi-variant t-test. The results indicate that by considering 3 as the significance level all the hypotheses will be proven wrong. However, by considering 2 as the significance level all the hypotheses will be proven. This shows that not many changes may have taken place after the merger and it has only had a fair

  13. Literary Routes: Contributions to Natural/Cultural Heritage Tourism. How landscape transforms literature and tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalinda Ruiz Scarfuto

    2013-12-01

    ;  Don Quijote of La Mancha (1603 was first made tangible as a literary route in 1780 with a detailed topographical surveyor map inspiring visitors like Washington Irving (1829, Alexander Dumas (1861, and Hans Christian Andersen (1880 to the Spanish plains. This eventually galvanized into an innovative move to pass the Don Quijote Route Law (2007, complete with GPS coordinates. In Japan, Basho’s literary route (1700 with its natural elements changed the style of Japanese Haiku, encouraging writers around the world to follow in his footsteps, and Humboldt’s account of his Andes’ route in South America inspired Lewis & Clark, Darwin, and Muir to follow a similar path that spurred events, websites, and even a NASA astrobiology project to conserve and access the accumulated heritage of these literary routes.  Economic investments in literary routes in natural settings have been initiated by worldwide government ministries of culture, recreation/tourism, environment, economy, and/or education, demonstrating commitments to the conservation of landscapes which have inspired literature. Hence, literary routes can highly contribute to cultural itineraries in natural settings.

  14. Guizhou Cultural and Natural Heritage Protection and Development Project : Cultural Heritage Tourism Strategic Overview

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2006-01-01

    In June 2006, the Guizhou Tourism Administration's Guizhou Provincial Rural Tourism Development Plan was approved by the National Tourism Administration of The People's Republic of China (CNTA). This plan provides official strategic guidance for the development of the rural tourism sector and identifies around 160 villages for development. The proposals for Bank finance are primarily locat...

  15. INTEGRATING TOURISM AND POSITIONING CULTURE AS A DETERMINANT IN DEFINING THE FUTURE TRAVEL OFFERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu Lucian Blaga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The end of the twentieth century marked the transition period, maybe irreversible, of the global economic system from internationalization to globalization, which according to recent definitions seems to be the integration of civilizations and cultures of the planet. This paper presents from the cultural perspective, the process of integration of the tourism sector, by integrating the individual – visitors and the corporations and the public authorities, that represent tourism as an economic activity, helpful for the development of communities, tourist destination's local actors like businesses, NGOs, governmental and intergovernmental world tourism organizations. The effects of integration are different from international tourism transformation "mass consumption", the establishment of standardized local, regional or global travel packages, to boost tourism consumption. Arriving at this point we can say that the culture as a part of the external /internal environment of an organization is vital. For this reason, defining the European travel offer, we have to analyze and manage the future more closely the relationships between: the culture - corporate culture - the organization oriented to global market.

  16. 506 Tradition and Art Appreciation: A Boost to Cultural Tourism in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2010-10-17

    Oct 17, 2010 ... paper examines the implications of non-challant attitudes of Nigerians ... accelerate rural urban development, generate employment and promote local cultural ... Keywords: Tradition, Art, Tourism, Antiquities, Appreciation, Culture ... from a wide social background with varied tastes, desires and aspirations.

  17. The Impact of Tourism on the Socio-Cultural Environment in the Gorce National Park and its Vicinity

    OpenAIRE

    Luberda, Małgorzata

    2014-01-01

    The paper presents the problems of tourism in terms of its relationship with the social as well as cultural environment. The purpose of the article was to examine how tourism affects the socio-cultural environment in the Gorce National Park and its vicinity. I examined whether tourist traffic in the Park brings about more benefits or problems, and whether changes taking place in communities visited by tourists are positive or negative? The impact of tourism on the socio-cult...

  18. The relationships among business strategies, organisational performance and organisational culture in the tourism industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mong-Mei Lin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available As societies develop, the tourism industry has become one of the most powerful and largest industries in the global economy. The industrial status and economic function of the tourism industry have increased in the economic development of cities. The tourism industry has helped to drive the city economy, create employment, and facilitate culture and the environment The tourism industry, as one of the supporting industries for economic development in China, presents diverse services that are not only competitive within the industry, but could also increase national consumption. In addition to the professional service items and quality, the adjustment of business strategies aimed at the changeable environment are considered as key success factors in the tourism industry. This study analyzes the effect of business strategies on organisational performance in the tourism industry. Owners, managers, and employees from the top ten travel agencies in Taiwan were selected as the research subjects and a total of 600 questionnaires were distributed. Within the retrieved 438 surveys, 43 were incomplete and removed to yield a total of 395 valid questionnaires. Within the empirical analyses business strategies appear to have significant positive correlations with job satisfaction, organisational objective and job performance in organisational performance. Moreover, organisational culture presents a partially moderating effect for the relations between business strategies and organisational performance.

  19. Community-based tourism and local culture: the case of the amaMpondo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Giampiccoli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism, managed constructively, can play a role in poverty alleviation and community development. This paper suggests ways in which Community-based tourism (CBT can be used as a strategy to develop poor communities. Looking at the specific social context of contemporary rural Mpondoland, which is characterised by high degrees of poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition and unemployment, the paper considers ways in which local culture itself can contribute towards positive CBT outcomes. Local culture is not only seen as a tourism attraction, but also a resource upon which CBT development can be built. This paper considers various ways in which the local cultural context can be linked to CBT development, thereby enhancing the CBT development process.

  20. TOURISM POTENTIAL OF CULTURAL LANDSCAPES IN THE HÂRTIBACIU VALLEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin Aniţa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism Potential of Cultural Landscapes in the Hârtibaciu Valley Characterized by a multitude of cultures, Hârtibaciu Valley, lying in the center of Romania, in the Sibiu county, generated various cultural landscapes throughout history. It carries the name after the river that flows through this beautiful hilly region. These carryout the inland cultural heritage and marks in every materialization of the landscape results. The subject presents the series of cultural landscapes of the Hârtibaciu Valley that are attractive for tourism purposes. The cultural landscapes are not only considered to be a compound effect of the interaction of the natural and anthropic components, but also as an element of the environment, being in a continuous metamorphosis. Using a classification of the cultural landscapes, from the genetic point of view, the different landscapes found in the field are listed: cultural landscapes resulted from productive activities, habitational landscapes, technogenic landscapes, historical landscapes, sacred landscapes, symbolic landscapes, commemorative landscapes, residual landscapes. For each category of landscapes the tourism attractiveness and representativeness will be mentioned. The foreseen evolution of the cultural landscapes in the Hârtibaciu Valley is one of falling in decline. The prevention of this situation could be realized by using its tourism potential to its maximum and by a proactive tourism promotion and development. Local identity and specificity is the ground stone that offers attractiveness to these cultural landscapes. This implies a conscious involvement of local actors and stakeholders to improve life quality and to develop a regional functional system.

  1. Real Tourism; Practice, Care, and Politics in Contemporary Travel Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minca, C.; Oakes, T.

    2011-01-01

    Over the past decade, tourism studies has broken out of its traditional institutional affiliation with business and management programs to take its legitimate place as an interdisciplinary social science field of cutting edge scholarship. The field has emerged as central to ongoing debates in social

  2. Real Tourism; Practice, Care, and Politics in Contemporary Travel Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minca, C.; Oakes, T.

    2011-01-01

    Over the past decade, tourism studies has broken out of its traditional institutional affiliation with business and management programs to take its legitimate place as an interdisciplinary social science field of cutting edge scholarship. The field has emerged as central to ongoing debates in social

  3. Historic cities as important centres of development of historical-cultural tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volodymyr KROOL

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The quality and availability of historic-cultural recreational resources in the cities of Volyn region are investigated. The attractiveness of historical cities for the development of regional tourism industry is analyzed.  Meanwhile, the most attention is paid to the number of historical anad cultural resources, its value and the status of preservation, transport communication, access to hotels and catering objects. The archeological monuments, architecture monuments, monuments of city-building and objects of monumental art seem to be the most valuable for the needs of tourism. Instead, the less valuable are historical monuments that are presented by the memorials and tombstones

  4. CULTURAL TOURISM POTENTIAL IN THE NORTH CENTRAL PROVINCE OF SRI LANKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wijitapure Wimalaratana

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available International tourism has recorded a tremendous growth in the past and this trend will continue further uninterruptedly. Sri Lanka has been one of the major tourist attractions since antiquity. The end of a protracted civil war has been a blessing for the tourist industry and the consequent rapid expansion of tourist infrastructure in the island. Although the island is a small one, it is rich in religious and cultural diversity. Buddhism is the main religion of the majority of people, while Hinduism, Christianity and Islam are also practiced by portions of the population. The resultant rich cultural heritage of the island has been constructed around religious practices, historical monuments and ancient cities, meditation, yoga, folk music and dances, festivities, ceremonies and rituals. Special sites with multi religious attractions reflect the diversity and uniqueness of a rich culture. The North Central Province of Sri Lanka is especially rich in cultural resources owing largely to it housing two cities that served as the island’s capital for more than 1000 years in ancient times. Only a small fraction of this vast amount of resources has been utilized by the tourism industry so far. The paper argues that the promotion of religious and cultural tourism products in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka will open up new avenues of engagement for tourists and income generation for the island. Ancient monuments and religious sites, segments of culture tourism, would be magnates to overseas archeologists and Buddhist communities.

  5. RURAL TOURISM IN DOBRUDGEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena, SIMA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The natural and anthropic tourism resources of a certain area generate specific tourism forms, which complete each other within the different destination categories.The rural area in Dobrudja has diversified tourism potential, provided by the contrast of natural environment factors, ranging from the oldest and to the youngest relief units, natural protected areas, spa resources and cultural, historical, religious sites, as well as multicultural local customs and traditions of the rural area. This potential can be used under various kinds in the rural area: cultural tourism, historical tourism, religious tourism, ecotourism, fishing tourism or bird-watching tourism, and other kinds of rural tourism. By linking these tourism resources and tourism forms, tourism routes can result, which together with the local customs, traditions and cuisine may contribute to the social and economic development of Dobrudja's rural area, through sustainable tourism as alternative to seasonal seashore tourism.

  6. An application of AHP approach to investigate tourism promotional effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Wen-Hsiang Lai; Nguyen Quang Vinh

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The tourism industry service network (TISN) is considered to be one of the largest components of tourism in the modern Vietnamese economy. The Vietnam National Administration of Tourism (VNAT) is currently developing a long-term plan to diversify the country’s tourism industry and to improve the destination image of Vietnam. To successfully implement this plan, the Vietnamese tourism industry must employ effective promotional strategies. Design – This study designs to determine t...

  7. THE IMPACT OF CULTURAL EVENTS ON TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: SIBIU - THE EUROPEAN CULTURAL CAPITAL

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    GREG RICHARDS; ILIE ROTARIU

    2013-01-01

    ...) and the effects of the event on local tourism. The impact of theevent can be gauged through the growth of tourism stimulated by infrastructure improvements and productdevelopment, not only in terms of increasing tourist numbers but also...

  8. THE ROLE OF LIBRARIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURAL TOURISM WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS TO THE BIBLIOTHECA ALEXANDRINA IN EGYPT

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Cultural tourism has grown rapidly in the past few decades as a result of more income, higher levels of education, globalization processes that make the world a smaller place, technology, the effects of media and telecommunications and new types of cultural attractions. Libraries, as cultural institutions, may contribute significantly to the development of cultural tourism. One good example is the role of Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Egypt.

  9. THE ROLE OF LIBRARIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURAL TOURISM WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS TO THE BIBLIOTHECA ALEXANDRINA IN EGYPT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Lazarevic

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural tourism has grown rapidly in the past few decades as a result of more income, higher levels of education, globalization processes that make the world a smaller place, technology, the effects of media and telecommunications and new types of cultural attractions. Libraries, as cultural institutions, may contribute significantly to the development of cultural tourism. One good example is the role of Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Egypt.

  10. Initiative and Innovation in Tourism, Discussion on their Applicability in the Context of Sustainable Tourism in Delta Destinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Nicoleta Diaconescu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In the economic field, especially in tourism, initiative and innovation are effective ways to finding new approaches to various problems occurring with time or unforeseen, which leads to greater adaptation to ever-changing environment of economic life and resistance to shocks, experience having a decisive role. In terms of sustainable tourism not any initiative even if it is an innovative one is appropriate, it is the sector where actions must be thought out long-term and to exist concerns in achieving sustainability in all four branches simultaneously (economic, social, environmental and cultural. In order to achieve sustainable development in the true sense it is not enough to only meet the needs to one of them. Therefore, the challenge lies in finding optimal solutions for each branch separately, but also for making their relationship become sustainable. The need to continually adapt and monitoring the results to improve them, have a primary importance. The paper aims at analyzing in terms of advantages and disadvantages of new tourism forms implementation in a fragile environment as delta, which needs special attention in that it can't be operated at high tourism level, such as mass tourism.

  11. Cultural tourism as a complementary offer in coastal destinations. The case of the Costa Brava (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Gemma Cánoves

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Costa Brava is a consolitaded coastal tourist destination, based on sun and sand tourism. In order to mitigate its decline, according to the traditional life–cycle of tourism products (Butler, 1980 and theories of productive restructuring (Agarwal, 2002, 2005, considering the impact of emerging market trends in such well–established tourism destinations, the Costa Brava has evolved to offer multiple recreational activities in order to renew the destination with emerging new products (Vera and Bath, 2010. One such activity is cultural tourism, with significant potential even with smaller capacity, in order to generate many sectorial and territorial changes. However, the diversification of the tourists demand new products and focuses on the search of sensations, the sense of the tourist event, the perception of the authenticity of the product and the conservation of the site (Dann, 1994; Urry, 1994. All these new elements are the cultural resources available to the tourism sector, that have increased in recent decades in advanced societies (Richards, 1996.

  12. A Territorial cohesion through cultural tourism: the case of the Umayyad Route

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel María Torres Martínez

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Cultural tourism has the potential to create multiple positive impacts from the socio-cultural point of view; if properly managed. The strengthening of cultural identity and the rescue of tangible and intangible cultural heritage are some examples. A study by the European Commission and the Council of Europe highlighted the potential of cultural routes for the generation of small businesses, intercultural dialogue and the promotion of the image of Europe in general. In the last decade, numerous projects and, in particular, European funds have been devoted to the creation of themed-tourism products and cultural routes. This is the case of the Umayyad Route, which has been rescued through a project funded by the European Union with the aim of improving Mediterranean territorial cohesion through the creation of the transnational cultural tourism itinerary. It is led by the Public Andalusian Foundation El legado andalusí and it has a network of partners in seven countries in the Mediterranean basin: Spain, Portugal, Italy, Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan. Through interviews with the coordinating entity and the managers of the national routes, this article analyses how the Umayyad Route is contributing to the enhancement of the rich legacy of the Umayyad dynasty in its expansion along the Mediterranean and to being a bridge of collaboration between the East and the West. It also describes the problems and challenges to overcome for the promotion of shared heritage and for the understanding between cultures and territories. 

  13. Media, Tourism, Environment, and Cultural Issues in Australia: A Case Study of a Study Abroad Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Eric

    2010-01-01

    A multidisciplinary study abroad program developed by a U.S. journalism school and cosponsored by a college of agriculture and natural resources interweaves the themes of mass media, tourism, environment, and cultural issues in Australia. This article traces the development and evolution of the faculty-led program and discusses its curriculum,…

  14. Media, Tourism, Environment, and Cultural Issues in Australia: A Case Study of a Study Abroad Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Eric

    2010-01-01

    A multidisciplinary study abroad program developed by a U.S. journalism school and cosponsored by a college of agriculture and natural resources interweaves the themes of mass media, tourism, environment, and cultural issues in Australia. This article traces the development and evolution of the faculty-led program and discusses its curriculum,…

  15. Eco-Cultural Tourism: A Tool for Environmental, Cultural and Economic Sustainability (A Case Study of Darap Village, West Sikkim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cajee Laitpharlang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Eco-cultural tourism is a concept where both ecological and cultural aspects of a landscape are combined together creating a tourist paradise. It is travel to destinations where both cultural and natural endowments are the prime attractions and thereby considered to be a potential strategy to support conservation of natural habitats along with economic sustainability particularly to indigenous communities. North Eastern Region of India is one of the most mesmerizing regions of the Indian subcontinent that mirrors a perfect blending of life, culture and ecology. It is a relatively unexplored and unique area in terms of both ecology and cultural diversity and is characterized by the abundance of natural endowments; pristine forests with a huge diversity of flora and fauna, enchanting hills, fast flowing streams and meandering rivers, cascading waterfalls, snowcapped mountain ranges etc. Approximately there are 65 indigenous tribes in the region along with a host of sub-tribes having their own distinctive cultures, customs and traditions preserved till today. This article tries to argue through a case study of village tourism at Darap in West Sikkim that eco-cultural tourism is a potent force for the overall economic, social and cultural development as well biodiversity conservation in the region.

  16. Usability, Communicability and Cultural Tourism in Interactive Systems: Trends, Economic Effects and Social Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipolla Ficarra, Francisco V.; Nicol, Emma; Cipolla-Ficarra, Miguel

    We have developed a set of techniques and an analysis methodology aimed at boosting the quality of interactive tourism systems. The details of it will be presented in full and with real examples which have yielded interesting results in the last few years, both from the social and economical point of view, but with a huge wealth of cultural and natural heritage. We will also present a first guidelines to foster tourism in those villages that are willing to promote themselves in the national and international market at a low cost.

  17. Copyright for Interactive Systems: Stratagems for Tourism and Cultural Heritage Promotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipolla-Ficarra, Francisco V.; Cipolla-Ficarra, Miguel; Ficarra, Valeria M.

    We present a series of strategies followed from the interactive design for the realization of a hypermedia system aimed at promoting in an original, simple and universal way the cultural and tourism heritage of a wide rural area in two Italian regions: Emilia Romagna and Lombardy. Besides, the main stratagems followed are disclosed to overcome the existing hurdles when it comes to copyright for the free diffusion of the tourism view of the area, such as can be photography or video, for instance. Finally, we present the first vademecum to be considered before making on-line and off-line interactive systems in Italy.

  18. The Impact of Entrepreneurial Characteristics and Organisational Culture on Innovativeness in Tourism Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Gomezelj Omerzel

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture have an impact on the innovative capability of a company. Therefore, our research tries to examine the influence of different individual entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture dimensions on corporate innovativeness and any direct subsequent company growth. This paper proposes the classification and measurement of five dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation; risk taking, proactiveness, competitive aggressiveness, autonomy and customer orientation and 3 dimensions of organisational culture; power distance, uncertainty/avoidance and individualism/collectivism with the objective of explaining service innovation performance. Specifically, we try to show the differences between the importance of different entrepreneurial characteristic and each organisational culture dimension on a product/service innovation. To this end, a survey was performed on a sample of tourism companies in Slovenia. The data was analysed by employing univariate and multivariate data analyses techniques. Data gathered fromthe survey suggests that entrepreneurial orientation and organisational culture dimensions positively influence innovativeness in tourism companies. Empirical evidence supports the view that a company with more developed entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture will be more innovative. This paper is one of the first to find empirical support for the role of entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture in tourism companies in Slovenia. Despite a number of limitations, it offers a picture of how these dimensions should be developed in order to enhance innovation. It also presents managerial implications, as managers are responsible for the forming of these dimensions.

  19. Relationship between the development of ethnic tourism and the protection for regional culture: a case study of Tuwa people

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Haixia

    2007-01-01

    The innocent Tuwa people live in Kanas Lake, a world famous national reserve in northern Xinjiang.With the rapid development of tourism today, Tuwa people are finally involved in tourism industry. The development of tourism is a two-edged sword. On the one hand, it boosts the revival of Tuwa culture, provides a large number of employment opportunities and cross-cultural exchanges, and improves material welfare for Tuwa people. On the other hand,some disadvantages have also resulted from tourism development, such as the unauthentic exhibition of Tuwa culture, limited tourists, Tuwa group interaction, and limited material improvementfor the Tuwa, etc. This paper takes Tuwa people as a case, illustrates the types, characteristics and the conditions for the development of Tuwa culture, explores the advantages and disadvantages resulting from the development of folk-custom tourism industry and then puts forwards recommendations on the protection for local cultures as follows: (1) attach great importance to Tuwa culture in the tourism development of Kanas Lake Visitor Attraction; (2) construct the aboriginal village with the consciousness of protection; (3)remove the Tuwa village; (4) consummate the management mode and let Tuwa people really benefit from tourism; (5) restrict the grazing in the scenic spots and protect natural grassland; (6) promote Tuwa peopl's ability of self-supervision and self-management; (7) exhibit Tuwa culture authentically.

  20. IMPORTANCE OF APPLICATION OF HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP) IN MONTENEGRO TOURISM

    OpenAIRE

    Vesna Vujacic

    2014-01-01

    Tourism in Montenegro is the leading economic sector, a culinary product - food is an important element of tourist offers. With the development of tourism in Montenegro there is a need to provide quality as well as safe healthy food according to international standards. This paper presents the concept of HACCP and importance of its application in the tourism and hospitality industry. HACCP is a food safety management system through the analysis and control of biological, chemic...

  1. FOREIGNIZATION AND DOMESTICATION STRATEGIES IN CULTURAL TERM TRANSLATION OF TOURISM BROCHURES

    OpenAIRE

    Choirul Fuadi

    2016-01-01

    In translating brochure, a translator has to make a decision on the basis of the message and purpose. The translator is faced by two strategies of translation – foreignization and domestication. The purpose of the study is to examine how the interrelationship between cultural term translation and foreignization or domestication strategy in the cultural term translation of tourism brochure from Indonesian into English. This study used qualitative descriptive with discourse analysis strategy. T...

  2. The International, Regional and Local Interaction in the Promotion of Cultural Tourism in Mozambique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Magnani

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the tourist promotion of the cultural and natural heritage in Mozambique, one of Africa’s poorest countries, whose strategy for the reduction of poverty highlights the role of tourism in supporting territorial development and implementing the Millennium/Sustainable Development Goals, the United Nation plan to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. The country has produced a national strategy for the development of tourism that is based on the integration at the national level of international and regional policies implemented through the territorial action of several subjects working at the local level. Among them, regional and international Ngos, that play an important role in promoting actions aimed at capacity-building, advocacy, empowerment. This strategy makes of Mozambique a very interesting example of the rescaling process in tourism development that guides the political agenda of both the international tourist organizations and the national governments.

  3. FOREIGNIZATION AND DOMESTICATION STRATEGIES IN CULTURAL TERM TRANSLATION OF TOURISM BROCHURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choirul Fuadi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In translating brochure, a translator has to make a decision on the basis of the message and purpose. The translator is faced by two strategies of translation – foreignization and domestication. The purpose of the study is to examine how the interrelationship between cultural term translation and foreignization or domestication strategy in the cultural term translation of tourism brochure from Indonesian into English. This study used qualitative descriptive with discourse analysis strategy. The note-taking technique is used to identify and classify the data. The objects of the study are tourism brochures from Province of Special Region of Yogyakarta and Central Java in 2015. The findings show that the translation strategies used depend on the translation process. When the cultural terms are familiar, translator tends to use domestication strategy and consider the target text. Translator chooses domestication strategy because try to make tourist understand the text and produce communicative and natural translation. On the other hand, when cultural terms are foreign, translator using foreignization strategy and consider source text. Using foreignization strategy, translator tends to introduce traditional cultural term.Keywords: discourse analysis, foreignization, domestication, cultural category, tourism brochure

  4. MANAGING SIDE EFFECTS OF CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF ZHOUZHUANG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    In recent years Zhouzhuang has been quite successful in developing a mass tourism industry. However,formal analyses of the past experiences of other provinces indicate that there are significant risks in the tourism develop ment policy followed in Zhouzhuang. Although the well preserved and reconstructed physical buildings have facilitated list ing on the UNESCO World Heritage List, the traditional canal-town life style, the major attraction of Zhouzhuang, is giv ing way to commercialization. Quick and easy compensating measures have been adopted to create a staged image of an authentic traditional lifestyle. Precautions should be made now or Zhouzhuang runs the risk of becoming little more than a thematic park with no real cultural or social meaning for tourists or the inhabitants. A system dynamics model has been built for the purpose of developing an understanding of the complex structure of Zhouzhuang tourism development. The model consists of six sectors: physical environment, culture, infrastructure, job market, tourist, and financial resource allocation and promotion. Simulation of the model shows that the time delay, eroding target and the non-linearity are the key internal factors leading to a potential growth and decline tourism development pattern. Further simulations were conduct ed to examine the impacts of various policy options. The model suggests that the most effective policy for sustainable tourism development is a conservative one that controls and limits the numbers of tourists. It is expected that the model can provide a learning "micro-world" which will facilitate understanding of the complexities of tourism development and serve as a guide to effective policy formulation.

  5. Indicators of sustainable tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovičić Dobrica

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The indicators, precisely describing the linkages between tourism and the environment, social and cultural base, are not easily available. How ever, some relevant organizations (WTO, EU, OECD, etc., institutions and experts, have been hardly working to create the indicators of sustainable tourism. Whereas the economic objectives are easily defined by the use of the traditional indicators used in national and business economics, it is very difficult to identify widely applicable environmental, social and cultural indicators. In order to stimulate and alleviate the process of sustainable tourism development, EU created the list of comparative indicators of sustainable tourism. In preparing this list, special attention is paid to identification of valid indicators of real tourism impacts on the social and cultural environment (the entire set of traditions, customs, history, hospitality and culture that characterize a given area, that is a very complex task. Assuming the fact that the related indicators have been analyzed in many European countries, this paper is focused on applying the related indicators in research of tourism development in villages of the Kosjerić community. .

  6. Rural Tourism at its Peak: Socio-Cultural Impacts towards Host Communities of Kinabalu Park, Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tangit Tania Maria

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Kinabalu Park in Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo represents multiple tourism opportunities for its stakeholders, host communities and tourists. Being the first World Heritage Site in Malaysia endorsed by UNESCO since 2000, this nature-based tourism destination is a popular tourism destination in Malaysia, as well as in the Asia region. The designated study area includes villages nearby Kinabalu Park. Through the popularity of the park and various other attractions within the area, tourism activities contributes to socio-cultural impacts towards its host communities. The perceptions and attitudes of the locals towards tourism are identified and evaluated. By having the input of host communities as part of conserving tourism whilst meeting certain principles of sustainable tourism, the paper aims to attain interesting findings about the perceptions of the host communities towards socio-cultural impacts of tourism on their community. The paper further aims to recommend for the continuous improvement of sustainable tourism development at Kinabalu Park and its surroundings.

  7. The Night of Museums – a boost factor for the cultural dimension of tourism in Bucharest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Dumbrăveanu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Several media and research sources have recently have flagged a new process of concern to tourism planners in Bucharest. The Night of Bucharest Museums has initially been a quite isolated, museum focussed and rather individualistic event has progressively developed over the past very few years into a cultural process involving several cultural institutions among which museum are still predominant. Most of the participant members into the event have developed complex and dynamic programmes comprising sections of joint institutional events. A brief comparative analysis of this progressive event development also identifies changes in the extent and dimension with particular regard to the tourism development dimension and particularly to the cultural dimension of it. This paper is mainly attempting to answer the question regarding to what extent the public of such event has become tourist. The paper also aims to focus on more specific aspects and issues concerning the main aim by sketching a brief overview regarding the attitudes and perceptions of people regularly attending an event such the European Night of Museums in Bucharest. The paper attempts to determine the profile of participant to such event trying to identify the trends of this event on the Romanian wider market but particularly on the tourism market given the fact that museum visitor are mostly tourists. The study is making use of data collected during 2013 and 2014 editions of the event. The final aim of the paper is to emphasise issues regarding the wider concept of motivation in visiting museums how they are linked with the cultural dimension of tourism highlighting several difficulties faced by a multitude of institutions and how these are attempting to use tourism to overcome problematic situations.

  8. THE PROMOTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM ON THE LEVEL OF BELGRADE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radomir Stojanovic

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural contents are among the most important elements of the overall cultural offer of big city destinations.The importance of cultural tourism promotion is especially significant in big cities, in their endeavors to create an image of authentic destination and in a psychological differentiation compared to competitive city destinations. Namely, cultural and natural attractions are the ones by which some city, as a destination, differs from the others, while some other factors of tourist offer (for instance, receptive factors, especially hotels within international hotel chains offer uniform and standardized services in all destinations

  9. Relation between creative teaching and sustainable practices in cultural heritage tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rašperić Ružica

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is primarily concerned with alternative teaching methodologies. Creative teaching methodologies place the student at the center of the learning process. This paper is a case study of 'Orion - promotion of the Vučedol culture' project as a self-sustainable cultural product. The primary goal of the project is the promotion of heritage through cultural tourism. The 'Orion' project was launched in cooperation with third year undergraduate students at the Department of Tourism of VERN University of Applied Sciences from Zagreb, as part of the Event Management and Marketing course (March to June 2014. Inspired by the Vučedol archaeological site, historical data and lectures on the Vučedol culture and the oldest Indo-European calendar called 'Orion' the students have developed a plan for a two-day festival that would take place in Vinkovci, Croatia and world include a scientific conference, cultural and artistic program, presentation of local cuisine, creative workshops, and promotion of local crafts. This paper reinforces the need for imaginative thinking in education for tourism. The variety of ways in which creative teaching practices can be used is infinite and this case study presents only a small contribution.

  10. An Epistemological Analysis of the Application of an Online Inquiry-Based Program in Tourism Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Liwei

    2014-01-01

    This paper was designed to investigate the application of an online inquiry-based program to European tourism from an epistemological perspective. Fifty tourism students (n = 50) participated in this study and their epistemological beliefs were measured with the Epistemological Belief Scale. A set of pre-, post-, and delayed tests were utilised to…

  11. An Epistemological Analysis of the Application of an Online Inquiry-Based Program in Tourism Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Liwei

    2014-01-01

    This paper was designed to investigate the application of an online inquiry-based program to European tourism from an epistemological perspective. Fifty tourism students (n = 50) participated in this study and their epistemological beliefs were measured with the Epistemological Belief Scale. A set of pre-, post-, and delayed tests were utilised to…

  12. 基于文化生态的客家文化旅游开发研究%Hakka Culture Tourism Development Basing on the Cultural Ecology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞万源; 邱国锋; 曾志军; 肖明曦

    2012-01-01

    客家文化旅游在"客家热"和文化旅游背景下蓬勃发展。应用文化生态理论,从文化生态角度探讨客家文化旅游开发。客家文化具有显著的文化生态特性,并在客家文化旅游中凸显。在客家文化旅游开发的文化生态问题分析基础上,提出文化生态视野下客家文化旅游开发理念:强化客家文化旅游资源的整体概念和环境意识;树立"大景区"意识构建客家文化旅游"大景区";树立文化生态旅游开发理念发展客家文化生态旅游。%Since 1980s,the Hakka cultural tourism has developed quickly on the background of Hakka’development and cultural tourism.Hakka culture has significant cultural ecology characteristics and is important to develop Hakka cultural tourism,so using cultural ecology theory to research Hakka cultural tourism development is very necessary.This article analyzes such cultural ecology problems as culture environmental degradation,cultural distortion and cultural ecological destruction.Meanwhile it points out the Hakka cultural tourism development ideas basing on the cultural ecology:(1) Strengthen the overall concept of Hakka cultural tourism resource and the awareness of the environment;(2) Establish "big spots"consciousness to build the"big spots"of Hakka cultural tourism;(3)Establish cultural ecology idea to develop Hakka cultural ecotourism.

  13. Dilemmas of Cultural Mediation: A Case Study of Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Ajtony Zsuzsanna

    2015-01-01

    Travelling implies the encounter and, in certain cases, the clash of cultures. By interpreting translation as a means of transfer between languages and cultures, the present study looks into the different views on translating culture-specific realia. Through a close analysis of texts with the purpose of informing foreign tourists it offers ways of how to carry out this mediation. The study calls for further research into closely related issues, such as the translator’s cultural awareness of a...

  14. Rural Tourism at its Peak: Socio-Cultural Impacts towards Host Communities of Kinabalu Park, Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tangit Tania Maria; Md Hasim Ahmad Khairuman; Adanan Akmal

    2014-01-01

    .... The designated study area includes villages nearby Kinabalu Park. Through the popularity of the park and various other attractions within the area, tourism activities contributes to socio-cultural impacts towards its host communities...

  15. Dilemmas of Cultural Mediation: A Case Study of Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajtony Zsuzsanna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Travelling implies the encounter and, in certain cases, the clash of cultures. By interpreting translation as a means of transfer between languages and cultures, the present study looks into the different views on translating culture-specific realia. Through a close analysis of texts with the purpose of informing foreign tourists it offers ways of how to carry out this mediation. The study calls for further research into closely related issues, such as the translator’s cultural awareness of and sensitivity to similarity and difference, identity and alterity in culture.

  16. A comparative study of destinaiton image between UK and France in aspect of cultural tourism,from chinese tourist's perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Zeng, Jia

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to enrich the body of knowledge on destination image in aspects of culture tourism by examining the multi-dimensional nature of the concepts, as well as comparing the relative strengths and weaknesses of cultural tourism in two competitive destinations: UK and France. The research was conducted among the Chinese tourists having a traveling experience of UK or France and those who are planning to visit these tow places. The results indicate that destination image is...

  17. ELEMENTS FOR A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF HERITAGE POLICIES IN SOUTH BRAZIL: CULTURE, TOURISM AND DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Manoel Dias da Silva

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the contemporary condition of heritage policies in cities tumbled by official organ tipping considering in sociological perspective, the multiple mediations that affect the social goals deposited in them. The theoretical and empirical analysis presented, culture, tourism and development in shape important for the design of a theoretical approach to the phenomenon interpretative elements. The author concludes that, ambivalently, such policies intersect with social processes of identity affirmation of individuals and groups in the heritage landscape of cultural productions and at the same time, with narratives that allow the heritage of the place "resource" to programs of social development and revitalization of tourism and economic circuits in the region.

  18. Mirror or Masquerade? On Representational Ethics in Cultural Heritage Museology And Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Campbell Râna

    2014-01-01

    Icelandic cultural heritage museology is embedded in a complex of social, political, and economic matters, at both the national and continental levels, that look to tourism as an opportunity for development in rural regions. The present paper draws on master’s research that examined the relationships of Westfjords communities with two maritime heritage museums in the region. Two qualitative case studies based on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with heritage producers connected to each si...

  19. Intercultural publics and communication strategies : the case of Cultural Tourism at the Art Museum

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Pedro José de Oliveira

    2010-01-01

    (Excerto) This paper intends to present a study on global flows/encounters at a leisure space. The global flow is cultural tourism and the leisure space-scape is the art museum, where differences and identities may be articulated through communication strategies developed by intercultural publics. These translations may occur at the museum ‘physical’ space or at virtual scapes like museum web pages or multimedia devices resident in an art exhibition. Such a problematics constitutes a part of ...

  20. Services in support of promoting territorial tourism and culture: the living lab project EPULIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenica Suma

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The project “Enjoy Puglia using Ubiquitous technology in Landscape Interactive Adventures” (EPULIA is aimed at the development of a platform populated by innovative and technological applications in which users can enjoy entertainment and educational contents in an interactive way, by means of multimedia and mobile technology. The platform, through the support of the skills of SMEs (LifeResult, Info.Sist and Cedimpresa and the Research Laboratory (Consortium CETMA in terms of research and experimentation, aims to provide services for supporting the promotion of the cultural tourism of Apulia, and provides information and contents of interest for tourists, including routes and itineraries, with the definition of real interactive and geo-referenced maps and information on available accommodation. The platform will provide tourists with added value in information retrieval: using modern devices, equipped with GPS, the multi-channel services will offer and unify contents that might otherwise be disseminated using Internet sites and portals.

  1. Literary Routes: Contributions to Natural/Cultural Heritage Tourism. How landscape transforms literature and tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Rosalinda Ruiz Scarfuto

    2013-01-01

    Literary routes inspired by landscapes is a topic where cultural and natural routes merge to form an added value of heritage that is greater than either one standing alone.  Landscape is traditionally defined as a consequence of transformations by humans, and its scope rarely takes into account how nature has inspired literature to advance the “intellectual development of humankind,” hence transforming heritage.  Literary routes paralleling transhumance routes embraced by the Sami, First Nati...

  2. Good Tourism Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Tourism policy matters in cultural tourism. The starting point of this paper is the observation that many tourism policy studies draw three inter-related conclusions. One, tourism policy must be inclusive and require the support of different stakeholders (Baker 2009; Bernhard Jørgensen and Munar...... 2009). Two, a balanced approach to tourism policy is needed to harness the benefits of tourism while mitigating negative effects (Budeanu 2009; Chang 1997; Jenkins 1997; Leheny 1995, Newby 1994; Teo and Yeoh, 1997). Three, tourism policies should accentuate and maintain the cultural uniqueness...... and authenticity of the destination (Morgan et al. 2011). It seems that many tourism authorities are ignorant of local interests, unaware of the touristification of local cultures and uninterested in promoting local cultures. But local cultures and communities are what that constitute cultural tourism....

  3. Hakka Culture Tourism Development based on Tourist Satisfaction%基于游客满意度的客家文化旅游开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞万源; 冯亚芬; 梁锦梅

    2013-01-01

    以客家文化旅游为研究对象,运用游客满意理论,测评客家文化旅游的游客满意度,发现客家文化旅游游客满意度的显著影响因子,探讨基于游客满意度的客家文化旅游开发策略.结果表明,客家文化旅游游客总体满意度没有达到满意水平,不同游客群体满意度存在一定的差异,存在满意度显著影响因子.提出客家文化旅游开发的形象策略、市场策略、产品策略、环境策略、管理策略以提升客家文化旅游的形象价值、产品价值、环境价值和服务价值.%The Hakka culture tourism means using Hakka region's unique historical background and cultural and natural landscape to satisfy tourist cultural heritage and cultural experience tourism.Since the 21 st century,the Hakka culture tourism is booming.But the Hakka culture tourism development needs theoretical guidance extremely.So it is an effective way to enhance the competitiveness of tourist attraction and tourist satisfaction measurement to understand and grasp the service needs of the tourism.In Hakka cultural tourism,as the research object,the theory of satisfaction is used to assess the evaluation of the tourist satisfaction.Studies show that:1) The overall satisfaction degree of tourists is lower than satisfaction level.2) There are some differences in the satisfaction between different tourist groups.3) There are significant influence factors of satisfaction.Otherwise,the Hakka culture tourism has such problems as fuzzy image,narrow market,single product,lack characteristics,less service supervision and so on.Improving the visitors' understanding of Hakka culture,enriching Hakka culture tourism products,enhancing the cultural connotation of tourism products and optimizing the tourism environment are effective ways to enhance the satisfaction of Hakka culture tourism tourists.The article suggests:the Hakka culture tourism development should implement the image strategy,market strategy

  4. 襄阳文化旅游产业发展研究%Cultural Tourism Industry Development of Xiangyang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱运海

    2012-01-01

      As an important part of the cultural industries, cultural tourism industry is paid close attention in recent years. As a matter of fact, the scale of Xiangyang tourist enterprise is big, and domestic and inbound tourism development situation are favorable. However, compared with other cities, the tourism operation condition is poor;there are less integration, features and originality in resources development;tourism image is fuzzy. In order to revitalize Xiangyang cultural tourism industry development, construction of tourism destination, integration of urban resources, exploration of cultural tourism products, development of distinctive tourism, extension of chain for tourism industry and guarantee of security system are the imperative tasks.%  文化旅游产业作为文化产业的重要组成部分,近年来受到中央和地方政府的普遍关注。近年来,襄阳旅游企业规模壮大、国内和入境旅游发展态势良好,然而跟其他城市相比还存在旅游业经营状况差,资源开发欠整合、缺特色、乏创意,旅游形象模糊等方面的问题。为振兴襄阳文化旅游产业发展,构建旅游目的地,需要做好重塑旅游形象、整合市区资源、开发文化旅游产品、发展特色旅游、加大景区创建、延长旅游产业链和完善旅游产业发展保障体系等方面的工作。

  5. Economic Valuation on Change of Tourism Quality in Rawapening, Indonesia: An Application of Random Utility Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subanti, S.; Irawan, B. R. M. B.; Sasongko, G.; Hakim, A. R.

    2017-04-01

    This study aims to determine the profit (loss) earned economic actors tourism activities if the condition or quality of tourism in Rawapening be improved (deteriorated). Change condition or quality can be seen by traveling expenses, natural environment, Japanese cultural performances, and traditional markets. The method used to measure changes in the economic benefits or economic loss with a random utility approach. The study was found that travel cost, natural environment, Japanese cultural performances, and traditional markets have significant factors about respondent preferences to choose the change of tourism condition. The value of compensation received by visitors as a result of changes in conditions improved by 2,932 billion, while the change in the condition worsens by 2,628 billion. Recommendation of this study is the local government should consider environmental factors in the formulation of tourism development in Rawapening.

  6. STUDY REGARDING OVER BORDERS TOURISM AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP CULTURE IN THE DOMAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreş Solomia

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The study was regarded as a qualitative research that measures entrepreneurship tendencies of the two regions from the border rural environment, initiation and management measures of business in the rural environment. The study regarding entrepreneurship education knowledge of target member groups from the partner border communities from Caras-Severin and Serbia has as main objective the evaluating of entrepreneurship knowledge of communities from the two regions of the rural environment, both with a strong touristic and cultural potential, for the purpose of rebirth of border socio-economical activities and the improvement of life quality by developing rural tourism. The objective desired from this study were: a quantitative and qualitative of information level gained by the members of the target groups regarding the initiation and development of business in tourism; the establishing of an entrepreneur profile for the respondents; the identification of the activity domain with a high potential of economical exploitation. Starting from the premises that only a correct evaluation and a detailed information of these aspects will determine the fact that the results of the research will represent the basis of the elaborati2ng of a development strategy for the rural tourism for the border rural communities, the research team, to which I was also a member of, has used the method of investigation and questionnaires as useful instruments in the development of the activities of the Centre for Border Rural Tourism. These instruments have contributed to the knowledge and measuring of present dimensions from the two dimensions, qualitative and quantitative, of the level of basic entrepreneurship knowledge in order to stimulate in the future the inhabitants’ involvment in the development of tourism activities and of economical-social ones.

  7. Analysis of application for situational teaching method in tourism English teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Jing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Faced with China’s English teaching problems today, it is not enough to just know that the situational teaching method can be effectively applied in a wide range of English teaching, but there is a must to embody the specific application value of the situational teaching method. This paper first analyzes tourism English teaching in China through establishing the quantifiable group-index hierarchical structure model to obtain the optimal training program of China’s tourism English talents, and then carries out a detailed analysis of the application and role of the situational teaching method in training of the tourism English ability to obtain the specific application scope and application value of the situational teaching method in the tourism English teaching.

  8. Application of geospatial technology for gap analysis in tourism planning for the Western Cape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes H. van der Merwe

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We report on the use of modern spatial computing technology in the development of spatial tourism policy and planning in the context of a bounded resource base. We refer briefly to provincial tourism development policy, expand on the tourism marketing framework and use the express tourist preferences to determine suitability indicators or attraction features for a spatial tourism resource base, paying special attention to the conceptual foundations of attraction and the mapping of tourism potential variables. We applied the methodology to a combination of tourism products in the Western Cape Province of South Africa in an approach that involved applying the spatial multiple criteria evaluation through the weighted linear combination of spatial factor layers as images in a geographical information system. We performed an analysis of the gap between tourism potential and tourism resource provision at a spatial resolution of individual towns spheres of influence, as represented by Thiessen polygons. The outcome in map format demonstrates the applicability of the technique to the Western Cape. The fine-scale spatial result was analysed for its strategic planning implications. Our results are useful for entrepreneurial and regulatory planning and can be replicated in different spatial locations if the appropriate database can be constructed.

  9. Investment Projects in Western China Culture and Tourism Sector (Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ. Project Name Western Culture Town Project Ⅱ. Project Implementation Agency Shaanxi Opera Research Institute Ⅲ. Project Description The project, located at the gold section of Wenyi road of Xi'an city, has a covered area of 23300 m2 and the total construction area of 110,000 m2 including 2 comprehensive buildings of 24 floors and a comprehensive building of 9 floors, a multifunctional theater integrating performance, cultural entertain-ment, shopping, commercial-residence, food and beverage, conference and exhibition.

  10. Further Discussion on Tourism Cultural Science%再论旅游文化学——敬复曹诗图先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹本涛

    2011-01-01

    《旅游文化学新论》(以下简称《新论》)发表后,曹诗图先生撰写《略论旅游文化学的主要问题》(以下简称《问题》)一文与笔者商榷。在各自主要目标或使命尚未完成的情况下,旅游文化研究与旅游研究合流是不合理的,其结果必然是旅游文化学独立性的完全丧失。名存实亡;《新论》与《问题》主张的旅游文化学定义分别以“旅游文化与学”和“旅游与文化学”为逻辑起点,前者较为可取,后者殊属不当;在旅游文化学研究对象的表述上,《新论》并无不妥,而《问题》却游移于旅游与旅游文化之间未有决断。旅游文化学的研究重心还应回到旅游文化上来。%After my muck "A New Viewpoint on Tourism Culture Studies" (hereinafter referred to as "A New Viewpoint") published, Mr. Cao Shi--tu provided some different viewpoints in "Study on the Principal Problems on Tourism Culturology" (hereinafter referred to as "the Principal Problems"). Mr. Cao's viewpoints focus on the following: First, the integration of tourism cultural research and tourism research is reasonable contemplation. What is more, tourism cultural science has its own value and significance; Second, tourism cultural science is not about tourism culture system and tourism cultural research, but tourism science based on culturology; "Tourism Cultural Science" should focus on the relationship between tourism and culture, tourism culture constitution system and its law of development, but it's not proper to study on research object and definition of cultural science in "A New Viewpoint". This paper thinks: Integration of tourism cultural research and tourism research is unreasonable contemplation; they are asymmetric, as a result, independence of tourism cultural science shall disappear; Taking "tourism and culturology" as the logical beginning is wrong. Author thinks it is "tourism

  11. 河南名人文化与旅游开发%Celebrity Culture and Tourism Exploitation in Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彩琴

    2011-01-01

    河南名人文化资源丰富而厚重,可以满足不同文化价值需求的游客文化旅游的需要。河南在名人文化旅游资源开发方面应增强危机意识,提高竞争能力,采取有力措施,实现名人文化资源向名人文化旅游经济增长点的转化。%Henan is rich of celebritiy culture, which can meet the need of different tourists' demand of cultural tourism. Henan should improve its crisis consciousness in exploiting its culture of celebrities and tourism, taking effective measures and strengthen its competition, in order to turn the cultural resource into cultural tourism economic growth point.

  12. A Conceptual Framework for Inclusive Digital Storytelling to Increase Diversity and Motivation for Cultural Tourism in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasemsarn, Kittichai; Nickpour, Farnaz

    2016-01-01

    Cultural tourism is considered to be a niche market and little attention has been paid to it, as compared with mass tourism. Moreover, visitors have little motivation to visit actual historical sites and read the story displayed behind the exhibitions. These issues highlight a good opportunity to increase further potential extended tourism and increase the motivation of visitors. To broaden and increase the potential market, this study applies inclusive design principles as 'understanding and designing for diversity' and presents reports on the first study. To increase the motivation of tourists, this study adopts digital storytelling as 'the guideline to increase motivation' and illustrates this in the second study.

  13. Developing an international market entry strategy and tactical plan for the cultural tourism of Turkey in South Korea market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Alaeddinoğlu

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Since international tourism market is more competitive and lucrative, most of countries want to give their emphasis on their promotional activities in order to increase their market share. This aim can be achieved either through the product diversification or penetrating new markets. In this regard, this paper primarily focuses on developing market entry strategy and tactical plan for cultural tourism of Turkey in Korean market. After the justification of Korean outbound tourism based on analysis of political, legal, economical, and technological factors, marketing strategy including segmentation, targeting, positioning, and marketing objectives are dealt with in this article. Then, a marketing mix based on 7P is suggested for Turkish cultural tourism. Finally, recommendations for Destination Marketing Organisation of Turkey are suggested.

  14. Developing an international market entry strategy and tactical plan for the cultural tourism of Turkey in south Korea market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Alaeddinoğlu

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Since international tourism market is more competitive and lucrative, most of countries want to give their emphasis on their promotional activities in order to increase their market share. This aim can be achieved either through the product diversification or penetrating new markets. In this regard, this paper primarily focuses on developing market entry strategy and tactical plan for cultural tourism of Turkey in Korean market. After the justification of Korean outbound tourism based on analysis of political, legal, economical, and technological factors, marketing strategy including segmentation, targeting, positioning, and marketing objectives are dealt with in this article. Then, a marketing mix based on 7P is suggested for Turkish cultural tourism. Finally, recommendations for Destination Marketing Organisation of Turkey are suggested.

  15. HOW THE PROGRAM „CULTURAL CAPITAL OF EUROPE” INFLUENCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM IN CITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florina Dorina COZEA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The program „Cultural Capital of Europe” started in 1985 in Athens, Greece and since then more than 45 cities from Europe have benefited of the status of Cultural Capital of Europe but only one Romanian city, Sibiu in 2007. To see the implications that this program has on tourism field and in what way it contributes to the development of this sector from the cities it will be analyzed the case of Sibiu, former Cultural Capital of Europe and Cluj Napoca that wants to have this title in the future. In the case of Sibiu several indicators will be taken into consideration. Their analysis will emphasize the relevance of this program within the tourism sector. The above mentioned indicators are: tourist’s arrivals, tourist’s check-ins, accommodation capacity. Besides these indicators there will be also considered other elements that have had an impact on this program like: type and structure of the events and the actors involved in the events' organization. In what concerns Cluj Napoca, it will be analyzed the potential of the cultural heritage that is present in the city at the present moment and in what way it can contribute to the organisation of such program.These two cities are both from Transylvania and have a similar geographical configuration, urban architecture and culture.

  16. The Relationship between Organizational Culture and Innovative Work Behavior for Sports Services in Tourism Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eskiler Ersin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The innovative behavior of individuals in the workplace is the foundation of any high-performance organization, and thus a study on the factors that motivate or enable individuals’ innovative behavior is critical (Scott, & Bruce, 1994. Therefore, the aim of this research was to find the relationship between organizational culture and innovative work behavior (IWB in tourism enterprises that market sports services. Considering the fact that IWB is crucial for tourism enterprises, exploring the factors that influence IWB could be beneficial. Correlation analysis revealed that IWB was found to be significantly correlating with cooperativeness (r=0.442, p<0.05, innovativeness (r=0.510, p<0.05, consistency (r=0.522, p<0.05, and effectiveness (r=0.554, p<0.05. Additionally, stepwise regression analysis, which was conducted to discover whether organizational culture predicts IWB, showed a significant model: F(2-131=33.775, p<0.05. The model explained 33% of the variance in IWB (Adjusted R2=0.33. In general, our findings suggest that there is a relationship between organizational culture and IWB and that organizational culture significantly predicts IWB. As IWB is crucial for the enhanced performance and success of any organization, organizational culture should be organized in order to encourage employees in terms of IWB.

  17. Circumvention tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Glenn

    2012-09-01

    Under what circumstances should a citizen be able to avoid the penalties set by the citizen's home country's criminal law by going abroad to engage in the same activity where it is not criminally prohibited? Should we view the ability to engage in prohibited activities by traveling outside of the nation state as a way of accommodating cultural or political differences within our polity? These are general questions regarding the power and theory of extraterritorial application of domestic criminal law. In this Article, I examine the issues through a close exploration of one setting that urgently presents them: medical tourism. Medical tourism is a term used to describe the travel of patients who are citizens and residents of one country, the "home country," to another country, the "destination country," for medical treatment. This Article is the first to comprehensively examine a subcategory of medical tourism that I call "circumvention tourism," which involves patients who travel abroad for services that are legal in the patient's destination country but illegal in the patient's home country--that is, travel to circumvent domestic prohibitions on accessing certain medical services. The four examples of this phenomenon that I dwell on are circumvention medical tourism for female genital cutting (FGC), abortion, reproductive technology usage, and assisted suicide. I will briefly discuss the "can" question: assuming that a domestic prohibition on access to one of these services is lawful, as a matter of international law, is the home country forbidden, permitted, or mandated to extend its existing criminal prohibition extraterritorially to home country citizens who travel abroad to circumvent the home country's prohibition? Most of the Article, though, is devoted to the "ought" question: assuming that the domestic prohibition is viewed as normatively well-grounded, under what circumstances should the home country extend its existing criminal prohibition

  18. The Development of Thung Fa Bot Weekend Market into Cultural Tourism Attraction in San Pa Tong District, Chiang Mai Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phuwanatwichit Thongchai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate for the socio-cultural and economic context, along with the issues of tourism potentiality of Thung Fa Bot weekend market into the cultural tourism attraction in San Pa Tong District, Chiang Mai Province. A study was created containing Mixed Methodology Research. The data collection was focus group and in-depth interviews from the target population and questionnaires of stakeholders. The study was determined that context of socio-cultural and economic structure,which was relying on farming in the past. The potentiality level to be the cultural tourist attraction in overall was moderate.the aspect of tourist Attraction and Spirit of a community were in high level. On the other hand Accessibility, Activities and Participation civil organizations were in moderate level. There were only the Amenities and Ancillary Services had shown on low level. The results suggested the need to develop its potentiality of cultural tourist attraction in [1] Amenities and Ancillary Services management at the tourist spots and tourism promoting and [2] Linking network with government agencies, private sectors, and communities to join in tourism management in order to enlarge Thung Fha Bod Weekend Market becoming the greater cultural tourism attraction for the tourists.

  19. Preferences Evaluation with a Choice Experiment on Cultural Heritage Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Bravi, Marina; Gasca, Emanuela

    2014-01-01

    This work focuses on the elicitation of tourist preferences from an economic evaluation standpoint and in relation to the Royal Savoy's Residences, a cultural network included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. After analyzing the visits to the Metropolitan Museum System of Turin City (Italy), a conjoint choice experiment was implemented, where future scenarios of public/private supply were defined by a certain number of tour packages, characterized by different services and prices. The resul...

  20. Preliminary Considerations on Cultural Tourism in Abruzzo as a Strategic Tool for the Renewal of the Regional Tourist Offerings

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    Marina Fuschi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Although the number of initiatives of place promotion, the Abruzzo tourism offer remains essentially polarized around two basic segments (the seaside/summer segment and the mountain/snow-based one and it strongly depends on the proximate tourist demand. Actually the Abruzzo region holds a wider and varied heritage, composed by cultural attractions, historical and architectural resources, wine and food potential and, more generally speaking, a lot heterogeneous environments and landscapes. These resources could respond to the new philosophies of tourism demand, characterised by the experiential motivations of peacefulness, tranquility and soul regeneration in a very close contact with nature. The goal of this study is to evaluate the potential tourism usability of the Abruzzo cultural heritage assessing the levels of the distribution of accommodation facilities and attractiveness. A more aware and integrated tourism offer may produce complementarities both at product and territory levels and may also absorb some critical issues of the regional tourism industry (no awareness of cultural tourism potential, the fragmentation of public policies, the inability to cooperate with a networking mentality.

  1. Mirror or Masquerade? On Representational Ethics in Cultural Heritage Museology And Tourism

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    Campbell Râna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Icelandic cultural heritage museology is embedded in a complex of social, political, and economic matters, at both the national and continental levels, that look to tourism as an opportunity for development in rural regions. The present paper draws on master’s research that examined the relationships of Westfjords communities with two maritime heritage museums in the region. Two qualitative case studies based on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with heritage producers connected to each site were supplemented with additional qualitative data from a focus group comprised of five Westfjords residents. Open and closed coding schemes based on the condensation of transcripts into thematic units were used to analyze the data, thus producing descriptions of the representational ethos of each museum, and findings were subjected to ethical analysis. Both museums were found to reflect contemporary issues that are subject to debates about cultural identity, heritage, and representational style and ideology, while analysis revealed that there is a persistent danger of oversimplifying or distorting cultural representations, particularly where each museum has stakes in tourism. This was judged a potential disservice to the nuanced identities of local communities, and a recommendation was put forth for museums to engage conscientiously with questions of identity and cultural representation.

  2. Organizational Culture and Tourist Satisfaction in a Lake-Based Tourism Area

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    Nor’Aini Yusof

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Although many studies have highlighted that certain cultures are evident in certain firms, there are only few studies done on ecotourism areas and little has been done to analyse how these cultures have affected the performance of these organizations. Approach: Conceptualizing organizational culture as the values and practices employed in an organization and considering tourist satisfaction as intangible performance we conducted a survey of all tourist resort operators located in a lake-based tourism area in Malaysia. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, paired t-test and Pearson product-moment correlation. Results: The results revealed that tourists are dissatisfied with the quality of service delivered to them and tourist satisfaction is significantly influenced by environmental friendly practices. Conclusion/Recommendations: The results imply that environmental friendly practices ranging from the issue of recycling, being compatible with local environment and culture and making minimal changes to the existing landform, should be the focus of the strategic policy in the future, to improve the planning and management of the resorts and the area promoted for tourism.

  3. IMPORTANCE OF APPLICATION OF HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP IN MONTENEGRO TOURISM

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    Vesna Vujacic

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism in Montenegro is the leading economic sector, a culinary product - food is an important element of tourist offers. With the development of tourism in Montenegro there is a need to provide quality as well as safe healthy food according to international standards. This paper presents the concept of HACCP and importance of its application in the tourism and hospitality industry. HACCP is a food safety management system through the analysis and control of biological, chemical and physical hazards in the entire process, from raw material production, procurement, handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of the finished product. HACCP is designed to act preventively with its principles and presents the most effective solution in providing healthy safe food. The aim of this paper is to present the importance of the application of HACCP concept in tourism of Montenegro as a recognizable and accepted international standard.

  4. Tourism Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Heilongjiang Province "2006 Countryside Tour" Northeast China's Heilongjiang Province is a region that over 20 ethnic groups inhabit with their unique ethnic cus-tom and folk cultures. Therefore, Heilongjiang Province boasts abundant tourism resources. This summer, the provincial tourism bureau launched the "2006 China countryside tour" activity in Hongxin Village. Farmers in Hongxin Village are hospitable and are skillful dancers and singers. The unique folk culture and

  5. Analysis of application for situational teaching method in tourism English teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Li Jing

    2016-01-01

    Faced with China’s English teaching problems today, it is not enough to just know that the situational teaching method can be effectively applied in a wide range of English teaching, but there is a must to embody the specific application value of the situational teaching method. This paper first analyzes tourism English teaching in China through establishing the quantifiable group-index hierarchical structure model to obtain the optimal training program of China’s tourism English talents, and...

  6. 中职学校旅游专业教学中如何贯穿地方旅游文化%On How to Infiltrate Local Tourism Culture into Tourism Teaching in Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹圣燕

    2015-01-01

    文化是旅游资源的灵魂.地方文化以其个性鲜明、底蕴丰厚成为旅游文化资源的一个重要组成部分.本文以漳州为例,着重讲述在中职学校旅游专业教学中如何贯穿本地的旅游文化,一则使学生对本地旅游文化有个大概印象;二来也能丰富旅游课堂教学,并达到宣传本地旅游文化的目的.%Culture is the soul of tourism resources. With its dis-tinct characteristics and profound cultural accumulation, local culture becomes an important part of tourism culture resources. With Zhangzhou as an example, this paper focuses on how to in-filtrate local tourism culture into tourism teaching in secondary vocational schools. The aim is to give students a general knowl-edge of local tourism culture, enrich tourism classroom teaching and publicize local tourism culture.

  7. Cultural heritage and sustainable tourism in Latin America: present opportunities and challenges Patrimonio cultural y turismo sostenible en el espacio iberoamericano: retos y oportunidades del presente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Ballart Hernández

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between cultural heritage and sustainable tourism is provided. Research deals mainly with the possibilities in exploiting cultural heritage by sustainable cultural tourism. The dynamic elements in Latin American economies may be activated through sustainable tourism.Este artigo visa a trabalhar com a relação existente entre patrimônio cultural e turismo sustentável, sobretudo com as possibilidades de exploração do patrimônio por meio do turismo cultural sustentável. Nessa direção, propõe uma reflexão sobre as possibilidades das economias ibero-americanas serem dinamizadas a partir da gestão do turismo sustentável.

  8. Socio-cultural impacts of large-scale cruise tourism in Souq Mutrah, Sultanate of Oman

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    Manuela Gutberlet

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The following paper explores socio-cultural impacts of large-scale cruise liner tourism on the traditional bazaar (souq in the district of Mutrah. The souq is located opposite the port in the Omani capital Muscat. Large-scale cruise tourism in Muscat started only in 2004 and has increased in scale and numbers in the past years. 24 cruise vessels with around 7600 passengers arrived in Muscat in 2005. Seven years later 135 cruise liners carrying 257,000 tourists docked in Muscat. Due to this dramatic rise of international cruise ships, the socio-cultural impacts have increased for local residents, shop vendors/owners and tourists alike. To capture those socio-cultural impacts on Souq Mutrah, a survey of cruise tourists was conducted by a questionnaire. In addition, the researcher used participatory observation, counting, and in-depth interviews with different stakeholders of the local community and different types of tourists during the cruise seasons 2012/13 and 2013/14. Moreover, content analysis of statistics and local media publications were used. Results indicate that the souq has become “the core of a tourist bubble”, where crowding is a major problem and local residents avoid the place. The social carrying capacity of the souq has been reached. Omani vendors are leaving their businesses and renting their shops out to expatriates. Since contemporary cruise tourists are low spenders, expatriate shop sellers have become more aggressive.

  9. Kota Bharu Islamic City – The Concept of a New Cultural Tourism Product

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    Mohd Nasir M.R.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study introduces the concept of the Kota Bharu Islamic city in the eyes of tourists, with focus on recent trends affecting Malay cultural landscape and urban planning issues in Kelantan. The aims of this study are to introduce the concept of the Kota Bharu Islamic City as the new cultural tourism product in Malaysia as well as to enhance the reputation of the concept at the highest peak and Malay community development in Malaysia by using multiple methods including literature review, site observation and document analysis. The Kelantan Malay heritage should be highlighted as a main consideration in the future planning to avoid further damage or loss of valuable heritage. Finally, a regional vernacular tradition should be set as the focal point in making of the Islamic City of Kota Bharu without mimicking from other Islamic countries and subsequently the concept of the Kota Bharu Islamic City to be promoted as a new cultural tourism product in Malaysia will be successful.

  10. Economic evaluation of the impact of cultural tourism in the city of Zacatecas

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    Alejandrina De Sicilia Muñoz

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay has the purpose of evaluating the economic impact of cultural tourism in the city of Zacatecas, giving special emphasis to its historic downtown. Therefore this work examines briefly the change recorded in the shift of the economic activities in the city, before and after its historic downtown was declared Cultural Human Heritage by the UNESCO. Moreover, the evolution of the city of Zacatecas as a touristic destiny is described, as well as the changes that have taken place in the expansion of the touristic services such as hotels, number of rooms, number of tourists, economically active population and the incomes inside the context of the tourist activity in the city of Zacatecas. Furthermore, tourism in México is discussed, initially aimed at promoting places with tourist tradition inside the country with the idea of exploiting the existent cultural resources; continuing with the geographical and historical context of the city of Zacatecas; and its touristic evolution as an historic downtown.

  11. Leisure Traveling for 21st Century Americans: Mass Tourism as a Cultural Trap

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    Aniculăese Ovidiu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The majority of mass men in the American environment exhibit predictable and similar patterns of behavior as tourists. Pre-Industrial Revolution modes of traveling as liberation and exploration are now thwarted by the leveling effect of globalization and the illusion of information fueled by the all-pervasive mass media. Claims about the role of routine or the quest for authenticity are challenged as genuine motivations for mass tourism. Both the American culture and travel destinations in developing countries have authentic content that is largely ignored in favor of sensationalism and cliché. Excessive regimentation in the US creates the acute need for transcending to which popular culture finds accessible solutions through tourism: an experience of concentrated yet vague exoticism which feels liberating without yielding exploration. Travel destinations are shaped to American standards of material comfort and even adopt western popular culture icons in an effort to supply accessible familiar experiences of western entertainment. Various kinds of difficulty that once stimulated travelers are now relieved by travel agencies, rendering the experience of traveling less personal and more like TV entertainment. Old notions of space, time and reality itself are blurred in favor of a hyper-reality where fiction dominates.

  12. Eco-tourism services in light of new clusters and application of intellectual property rights

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    Petrović Vukašin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary eco-tourism includes the basic principles of sustainable development and actively contributes to the preservation of natural and cultural heritage of a specific area by involving the residents of local communities in the planning, development and distribution of generated revenues. It is based on the abundance of biodiversity (particularly rare and endemic species, the traditional knowledge and folklore tradition of a specific area. Products and services that are specific to this form of tourism have always been on the verge of being both beneficial and harmful for the identity of a particular area. Yet, one of the current solutions for attaining good economic results of eco-tourism is grouping all available resources within a particular local community for the purpose of promoting its distinctive features and diversity. In this paper, the author discusses a significant trend of forming eco-tourism clusters and points out to the contemporary solutions aimed at protecting the genetic resources, traditional knowledge and folklore of local communities within tourism services. The development of intellectual property protection, whose goal is to preserve traditional knowledge and skills of certain local communities, has a significant impact on the development of eco-tourism as well as on the increase of its competitiveness in the global market.

  13. Legal aspects of rural tourism in Uruguay

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    Hugo Ferreira Arizaga

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Rural tourism is now a growing modality in Uruguay and in the world.In the national legal norm that regulates this activity is Decree 371/2002, which established the characterization of rural tourism and the conditions of their providers.According to this rural tourism it is developed outside urban centers, with personalized service and spacious; uses natural, cultural, heritage, housing and services of the rural areas, it contributes to local development resources, diversification and tourism competitiveness.We intend to analyze the regulatory framework of the activity, with special emphasis on the categorization of the establishments and the set obligations for providers of rural tourism services, the liability regime established in the Law on Tourism and the application

  14. There Is No Such Thing as Sustainable Tourism: Re-Conceptualizing Tourism as a Tool for Sustainability

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    Gianna Moscardo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Increased global concern about sustainability has placed pressure on businesses to justify the value of their products and services beyond personal profit and to take responsibility for the negative impacts of their activities. Tourism is particularly susceptible to this pressure, given its generally poor track record in terms of negative social, cultural and environmental impacts, and the lack of compelling evidence of benefits for either the individual tourist or destination communities. While the management of tourism impacts and the relationship between tourism and sustainability have been paid considerable attention by tourism academics, there is little evidence of any significant change in tourism practice. This paper will argue that this lack of change reflects problems in the way tourism academics have conceptualized sustainable tourism. After reviewing these problems with sustainable tourism, this paper will offer an alternative framework for sustainable tourism that focuses on the concept of quality-of-life, recognizes the complexity of tourism within local and global systems, adheres to the principles of responsible tourism, and explicitly assesses the value of tourism as one tool, amongst many, for sustainability. One potential application of the framework will be demonstrated with a case study of tourism development on Magnetic Island in Australia.

  15. Perspectives on Cultural and Sustainable Rural Tourism in a Smart Region: The Case Study of Marmilla in Sardinia (Italy

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    Chiara Garau

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is being inserted into the current debate on the topic of sustainability, as it applies to rural tourism. In particular, it addresses the need to identify strategic actions that will enhance the dissemination of cultural resources to facilitate cultural planning. Balancing the dynamic tension that characterizes the relationship between tourism development and protection of the landscape is key to finalizing appropriate planning strategies and actions, especially in the context of marginal rural areas. In support of theoretical and methodological reflections pertinent to this relationship, this paper presents a case study of the region of Marmilla on Italy’s island of Sardinia. The absence of both a “cultural planning” philosophy and a strategic approach to systemic and sustainable rural tourism in this country has been acknowledged. This paper concludes by discussing the results that emerged during the preparation of this case study, with respect to smart, sustainable, rural tourism development, while accepting the need for compromises between the force of globalization, nature, tourism, places, and people.

  16. Discussion Creative Marketing about Industry of Culture Tourism%论文化旅游产业中的创意营销

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古广胜

    2012-01-01

    文化旅游是旅游产业中一个相对薄弱的环节,但它也是当前旅游产业急待提升的方面.把文化元素注入旅游产业,形成文化与旅游的融合,提升旅游产品的附加值,更需要运用创意营销的理念,才能体现文化旅游真正内涵,提高旅游产品的经济效益.通过对我国文化旅游产业存在的问题及原因分析,提出运用主题文化旅游营销方式、参与体验式的文化旅游营销方式和注入特色文化式的旅游营销方式等创意营销,以全面提升文化旅游产业的竞争力.%Culture tourism is one of relatively weak links of tourism industry, while it is urgently need to be upgraded in modern tourism industry. Injecting culture elements into industry, integrating culture and tourism, and improving the value-added of tourism products need creative marketing concepts, which embodies the real meaning of culture tourism, and enhances the economic benefit of tourism products. This article points out the questions in culture tourism and analyzes the reasons, and advocates using creative marketing way, such as theme culture tourism, participating and experiencing, injecting characteristic culture tourism, and so on, and then the competition capability of culture tourism industry will be upgraded comprehensively.

  17. The impact of cultural distance on local residents perception of tourism development: The case of Dubai in UAE

    OpenAIRE

    Zaidan, Esmat

    2016-01-01

    This study discusses the importance of understanding cultural differences between tourists and hosts for developing positive cross-cultural tourist interaction and its influence on the host's perception of sociocultural impacts of tourism. A logistic regression model is used to identify the significant positive as well as negative impacts perceived by hosts who view a significant cultural distance between them and tourists versus those who do not. It is found that there is a significant relat...

  18. The impact of cultural distance on local residents perception of tourism development: The case of Dubai in UAE

    OpenAIRE

    Zaidan, Esmat

    2016-01-01

    This study discusses the importance of understanding cultural differences between tourists and hosts for developing positive cross-cultural tourist interaction and its influence on the host's perception of sociocultural impacts of tourism. A logistic regression model is used to identify the significant positive as well as negative impacts perceived by hosts who view a significant cultural distance between them and tourists versus those who do not. It is found that there is a significant relat...

  19. GASTRONOMIC TOURISM MANAGEMENT REVITALIZER FACTOR OF THE TOURISM OFFER

    OpenAIRE

    MARIUS BOIŢĂ; ANDREI ANGHELINA; BOBY COSTI

    2014-01-01

    This work aims to present the gastronomic tourism, which is a new conception and form of tourism, dealt with separately from other forms of tourism, which combines features of cultural, thematically and durable tourism, aiming at meeting and educating tourists in traditional culinary arts, bringing benefits to the local people and maintaining various sectors of the economy. Gastronomic tourism consolidates, in this vision, as a key element in the diversification of the tourism ...

  20. Plants as Natural Dyes for Jonegoroan Batik Processing in Jono Cultural Tourism Village, Bojonegoro, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurizza Fauziyah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Batik Jonegoroan is one of the potential tourism product in Jono Village, Bojonegoro. Batik was processed by traditional procedure using natural dyes from plants. In order to preserve the traditional batik which was colored by natural dyes from plant, the preservation of such plant were important. As far, there are no scientific data related to the species usage in Batik production. The aims of the research were identifying plant which were used as natural dyes in Batik processing. Data were collected ​​through observation, and  semi-structured interviews to batik craftsmen. Results of interviews were analyzed descriptively. The importance of plant was analyzed using Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC index. Based on the results, there are 12 plant species used as batik dye. It is consisted of Teak, Mahogany, Ketapang, Tamarind, Mangosteen, Mango, Suji, Pandan, Indigofera, Guava, Banana and Onion. Teak (Tectonagrandis L. and Mahogany (Swietenia mahogany L. have the highest value of RFC, 1.00. Both species were the most frequently cited species as sources of natural dyes. Extraction of Teak leaves produce red hearts and extraction of mahogany tree bark produces red-brown dye. Both of the color is the most important color in batik motifs. Keywords: batik Jonegoroan, Jono Cultural Tourism Village, perception, quality, RFC

  1. Application of Network Analysis for Development and Promotion of Sustainable Tourism in Public Forests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brach Michał

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The issue of sustainable tourism within valuable natural areas has been extensively discussed ever since the emergence of sustainable development philosophy in the 1990s. In view of growing public interest in nature recreation and tourism development, the importance of addressing this subject matter has hitherto increased significantly. The main objective of the present paper was to offer a tool for supporting development and promotion of sustainable tourism in Poland’s forests managed by the State Forests - National Forest Holding. GIS technology, and specific tools for network analysis were used in the project. During task realization, only free and open software sources were used. The work was performed based on the example of the Forest District Żołędowo (Regional Directorate of State Forests in Toruń, Poland with the use of District’s spatial data resources. A web application was created to present information about tourist attractions and infrastructure on an interactive map with tools for route planning. As a result, there has been developed the web mapping application which provides general access to tourism related information and enables planning touristic routes by pre-specified criteria. Implemented routing algorithms can help traffic management and further protection of the areas vulnerable to anthropogenic pressures. The system created not only promotes attractive tourist sites but also, supports targeting tourist traffic, and accordingly - adds to the progress of sustainable tourism

  2. Observatoire de tourisme et de culture comme stratégie mise en valeur du développement régional Observatory of culture and tourism as a development strategy of regional development

    OpenAIRE

    Edegar Luis Tomazzoni; Eric Dorion

    2010-01-01

    Cet article aborde la création du projet Observatoire de Tourisme et Culture de la Serra Gaúcha qui, dans son étape initiale, inclut les dix villes de l'Agglomération Urbaine nord-est de l'État de Rio Grande Do Sul (AUNe). La création de l'Observatoire a été prévue dans le projet de Valorisation du Tourisme Intégré à l'Identité Culturelle des Territoires (VICTUR), financé par le Programme URB-AL, de la Commission Européenne. Le programme de Maîtrise en Tourisme de l’Université de Caxias do Su...

  3. Economic Impact of Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela PĂDURE

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available As the traffic of tourists increased in a particular area, it was observed that environmental and ecological balances were disturbed due toover commercialization. The scenic beauty was made more ‘customer friendly’ and the natural tourism products more accessible and ‘saleable’ byman. Environmentalists are agitated about the damages and carelessness showed by the tourists. Culturally and socially, tourism can impact thedestination country, but its effect cannot be solely attributable to simple tourist activities. On the road to development, tourism products have alsowitnessed some changes. As the world changed and developed, new necessities were identified. As people became more aware, the needs changedand new tourism products were developed to satisfy these new found needs. The last few years have seen the emergence of new areas in tourism like,special interest tourism, green tourism, eco tourism, social tourism and so on.

  4. Libel Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnt Nielsen, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Libel tourism, which is much related to the UK, is caused by a mixture of factors, such as the law applicable, national and European rules of jurisdiction, national choice of law rules, and case law of the CJEU. These issues as well as aspects of recognition and enforcement of libel judgments...... in the US and EU are examined. Proposals for reform and legislative action in the EU are made. The effect of the Defamation Act 2013 on libel tourism, in which the UK attempts to strike a better balance between freedom of expression and privacy and to deal with libel tourism, is examined....

  5. 旅游文化营销运作模式探讨%Discussion of the Operation Mode of Tourism Cultural Marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓星

    2014-01-01

    随着我国经济水平的提高,旅游业得到了迅速发展,其中旅游文化营销模式在旅游业发展中占有重要地位。本文首先阐述了旅游文化营销的内涵和特征,并对旅游文化营销运作模式进行了探讨。%Along with raising the level of our economy, the tourism industry has been developing rapidly, and the marke-ting mode of tourism culture plays an important role in the development of tourism. This paper expounds the connotation and characteristics of tourism cultural marketing, and discusses the operation mode of the tourism cultural marketing.

  6. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE EFFECTS OF INCREASING THE SATISFACTION OF THE VISITORS AND DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tünde SZABÓ

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to succeed on the market, organizations must permanently focus their efforts towards understanding and fulfilling the necessities and expectations of all their clients, both the current and the potential ones. At the same time, enterprises must identify methods and tools appropriate for evaluating the satisfaction degree of the clients and for ensuring the loyalty of the most important clients, as well as improving the internal and external relational system and creating new partnerships with loyal clients. The effects of increasing the client satisfaction can be numerous, and they depend greatly on the activities specific to each organization. In the current paper, an attempt is made to highlight the possible effects of increasing the satisfaction of the visitors of the National Seckler Museum from Sfîntu Gheorghe, - effects like an increased number of visitors, tourist attraction, developing and promoting cultural tourism in the county.

  7. The SWOT Analysis of the Tea Culture Tourism in Lincang%临沧茶文化旅游SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施荣连; 赵家泉

    2012-01-01

    茶文化旅游作为荼业与现代旅游业相结合的一种新型旅游,对游客具有很大的吸引力,临沧茶文化资源丰富,底蕴深厚,发展茶文化旅游具有广阔的市场前景。文章运用SWOT分析方法,对临沧茶文化旅游发展的优势、劣势,机会和威胁进行分析,并提出临沧茶文化旅游发展建议。%Tea culture tourism, a new type of tourism combing the tea industry with the modem tourism, is very attractive to tourists. The tea culture in Lincang has rich resources and long history. Enhancing it has a broad market prospects. This article uses the method of SWOT to analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats about the tea culture tourism and presents some feasible proposals.

  8. GASTRONOMIC TOURISM MANAGEMENT REVITALIZER FACTOR OF THE TOURISM OFFER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIUS BOIŢĂ

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to present the gastronomic tourism, which is a new conception and form of tourism, dealt with separately from other forms of tourism, which combines features of cultural, thematically and durable tourism, aiming at meeting and educating tourists in traditional culinary arts, bringing benefits to the local people and maintaining various sectors of the economy. Gastronomic tourism consolidates, in this vision, as a key element in the diversification of the tourism supply and stimulation of the development of local regional, and national economy, with values of sustainability based on local and authentic products, in accordance with the current trends of cultural tourism consumption.

  9. Evaluation of development models for ethnic cultural tourism in Kashgar City, Xinjiang%新疆喀什民族文化旅游开发模式评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲玉林; 杨兆萍; 韩芳

    2012-01-01

    protection, the reconstruction of heritage, national cultural performance, cultural theme park, commercial operation of bazaars and creative ethnic culture. The weights of each index are obtained through application of a hierarchical analytical process. The method is then applied to 14 scenic spots of "Kashgar Golden Triangle" in the region of Kashgar City, Shufu and Shule County to select the optimal development model. From quantitative analysis, it is concluded that five scenic spols should develop cultural theme parks, four should be developed through the reconstruction of heritage, two should emphasize cultural heritage protection and the remaining three models each should be applied in one of the remaining sites. From quantitative analysis, the integrated evaluations of development models vary from different grades of scenic spots. The evaluating value of Folk Houses, Aitiduer Mosque and Imperial Concubine Mausoleum are 1.578, 1.460 and 1.411, Three of them are typically representative scenic spots in Xinjiang. It is concluded that the better quality grade of scenic spots, the higher integrated evaluation of the optimal development model. The research results show that there is a strong correlation between the optimal development model and characteristics of the cultural tourism scenic spots. Finally, six models of development are discussed and suggestions are made for each scenic spot according to the results of the evaluation. Qualitative and quantitative analyses are combined in order to improve the research results, to explore the theory of ethnic cultural tourism and to provide references for selecting a development model for ethnic cultural tourism in Kashgar. It is suggested that Kashgar City should be (he development core and Shufu and Shule County should be nodes in the development of cultural tourism in the " golden triangle". Kashgar City should play a leading role in the branding of cultural heritage in the region.

  10. Survey on Farming Culture of Ancient Villages and Tourism Development: A Case Study of Hongjiang City in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei; FANG

    2014-01-01

    The origin of human civilization is based on agriculture and settlement,and the ancient villages preserved up to now can be rated as " museum and historical library of rural lifestyle and rural culture",which are of important historical and cultural value. Through the field survey of farming culture resources of ancient villages in Hongjiang City of Hunan Province,this article classifies and evaluates the farming culture and ancient village resources,and sets forth the following recommendations for the development of ancient village tourism: strengthening the product differentiation development; focusing on the cultivation and integration of resources; enhancing the village environmental remediation.

  11. Translating Cultural References in Tourism Discourse: the Case of the Apulian Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariacristina Petillo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to provide a reflection on cultural references in tourism discourse, highlighting the difficulties translators may face when dealing with culture-bound words (Newmark 1988: 95-102; Katan 1999: 45-65; Oltra Ripoll 2005: 76-78. On the basis of a corpus of texts belonging to different genres, this study will investigate how the lexical features described by G. Dann in terms of languaging (1996: 183 are differently displayed and distributed, and whether a different rate of languaging could be said to enhance or detract from the communicative effectiveness of the selected texts: a guidebook, a monograph and five tourist brochures about the Southern Italian region of Apulia. Some of the most relevant translation choices will be reflected upon, showing how different communicative strategies are at work and end up producing “a different emphasis and degree of explanation” (Poncini 2006: 145 in the foreign tourists’ comprehension of Apulian cultural references.

  12. The dynamization in the tourism sector through the valorization of the Goods of Cultural Patrimony Intangible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Ramón Fernández

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we seek to reflect on the relationship between heritage and tourism through the declaration of protection of property and Intangible Asset of Cultural Interest. Law 4/1998, on June 11th, the Cultural Heritage of Valencia, as amended in 2004 and 2007 includes the declaration of certain goods representative of the traditional Valencian lifestyles and culture. As well as the expressions of the traditions of the people in his musical manifestation, artistic, gastronomic and of leisure, and especially those that have been an object of oral transmission and that support and promote the use of the Valencian one. It is for it that the declaration like immaterial BIC has contemplated many of the festivities most known about our Comunitat Valenciana, such as “Las Hogueras de San Juan, “Las Fallas”, “La Cabalgata de los Reyes Magos de Alcoy, increasing the visit tourist after his declaration with the maximum protection. We will analyze, so, some of them and his relation with the tourist activity, to the being an essential element for the dynamization of the territory.

  13. Royal Buddhist Monasteries in Rattanakosin Period: Potential Development Guidelines for Promoting Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phra Somphop Nasing

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Royal Buddhist Monasteries or Temples are among the world’s most famous cultural attractions, full of magnificent arts such as Murals, stained glass and richly decorated gables, doors and windows panels in which some temples have been included as a world heritage. Apart from the precious architecture and beautiful courtyards, Thai Monasteries have long been the center pillar of social and spiritual guidance to Thai society. The Monastery plays an important role in various areas ranging from being the center for learning the Buddhist way of life, an education center for the young, center for sacred ceremonies for auspicious occasions and the host to various Buddhist ceremonies and local Thai festivals. Throughout its history, The Thai Buddhist monasteries, especially the royal monasteries have become a symbol of the Thai way of life and have attracted visitors from all over the world. Due to its high potential in monetary returns from cultural tourism, The Thai government have implemented various strategies in the past but had never really studied the various issues, status, role and potential of the monasteries in detail. Suggestions for the development of Royal Monasteries into a cultural tourist attraction include improvement in landscaping, security, public conveniences and facilities, attraction sites, potentials in providing services, advertising, public relations, activities and temple’s management.

  14. 当代旅游行业发展中餐饮文化资源的有效开发%The Effective Development of Catering Culture Resources in the Development of Modern Tourism Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小敏

    2015-01-01

    旅游行业的发展推进了社会经济的发展,为区域性经济增长带来了新的活力。基于文化资源的视角,分析当前社会旅游行业发展框架下对餐饮文化资源的利用,阐述其在市场中的应用需求内涵,分析餐饮文化资源在旅游行业发展中的开发问题,通过制定适应市场与区域文化的方针策略,提高区域旅游经济的发展活力。%The development of the tourism industry has promoted the development of social economy, which has brought new vitality to the regional economic growth. Based on the perspective of cultural resources, this paper analyzes the utilization of catering culture resources in the current social tourism industry development framework, and analyzes its application in the market, and analyzes the development of catering culture resources in the tourism industry, to improve the development of regional tourism economy through the development of the principles and strategies to adapt to the market and regional culture.

  15. Negotiating Culture, Economics and Community Politics: The Practice of Lei Yue Mun Tourism in Postcolonial Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shun-Hing Chan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on an on-going research project that examines how tourism is constructed in Hong Kong by using the specific tourist spot, Lei Yue Mun, as a case study. The article’s aim is to demonstrate how the local agents of a small, squatter-based community with a distinctive history and cultural traditions may, without making any claim to indigenousness or aboriginality, manage a local economy and engage in cultural negotiation at the metropolitan, national and global levels. Their economic practices lead the authors to enquire whether preservationism or invoking historical traditions from the margins is the most significant form or strategy of cultural tourism.

  16. Entrepreneurship development in destinations of religious tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanović Slobodan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available After the introduction which summarizes the basic guidelines for the development of entrepreneurship in special interest tourism, the author explores the development and application as well as the management of entrepreneurship in religious tourism as a type of special interest tourism. Religious components and motives for visiting shrines as an integral part of human culture and tradition have a strenuous impact on the tourism industry, both on the offering and demanding side. The most visited shrines such as Fatima or Lourdes attract four to eight million visitors per year. Considering the fact that this type of tourism is economically very useful in a particular local environment, many shrines as sites have become centres of religious, commercial and cultural events in certain regions throughout history. Their development was followed by investment in infrastructure, culture, catering and other facilities. The implementation of entrepreneurship is based on various segments that enable the development of religious tourism in a particular area, such as catering industry, hospitality industry, tourist mediation, transportation companies and other complementary activities (agriculture, fishing, wine production, commerce and other services. The author explores the indicators of entrepreneurship development in the field of religious tourism as a type of special interest tourism indicating the possibilities it has on the destination development. The development of special interest tourism should be based on effective investment in tourism offer through entrepreneurial projects (catering and other tourist facilities in accordance with market trends. The investment in tourism offer in the context of religious tourism would result in the growth of religious passengers' consumption as well as the increase in income from religious tourism, and thus the economic development of the sites with religious content. Examples of such shrines in the world are

  17. On the educational function of red tourism culture%红色旅游文化的教育功能探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志友

    2012-01-01

      红色旅游文化的教育功能表现在社会层面和个人层面。红色旅游文化的传播,既有利于提高全民道德修养,培育公众信仰,构建和谐社会,也有利于加强社会的审美能力,客观看待个人人生观,健全人格。要从保护红色旅游资源和开发红色旅游品牌等方面进一步发挥红色旅游文化对公众的教育作用。%  The red tourism culture's education function in social level and individual level. Red tourism culture dissemination, is conducive to The red tourism culture's education function in social level and individual level. Red tourism culture dissemination, is conducive to improve the moral cultivation, cultivation of public belief, building a harmonious society, but also conducive to strengthen the aesthetic ability, objectively treat individual values, perfect personality. Further play the educational function of red tourism culture from the protection of the red tourism resources and the development of red tourism brand.

  18. Research on the Development of Cultural Tourism from the Perspective of Theory and Practice%理论与实践视角下的文化旅游发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢春山; 王贺婵

    2015-01-01

    随着时代的发展和文明的进步,文化旅游已经成为现代社会中最具特色和发展前景的旅游形式之一.文化旅游在实现文化的传承与发展、满足旅游者的精神需求以及增加经济效益和社会效益等方面发挥着重要作用.我国的文化旅游在文化景观游、博物馆游、节庆活动游、主题公园游和舞台欣赏游等方面取得了长足的进步.在形式多元化、产品开发主题化、文化元素组合化和技术应用信息化的发展趋势下,文化旅游面临着资源开发主观武断、市场定位不准、产品过度商品化,以及文化旅游经营急功近利等问题.要实现文化旅游的持续健康发展,需要在资源评价、市场调研、文化整合以及发展机制等方面协调发展好.%With the development of the times and the progress of civilization,cultural tourism has become one of characteristic and promising tourism forms of modern society.Cultural tourism plays an important role in achieving cultural heritage and development,meeting the spiritual needs of tourists as well as in-creasing economic and social benefits and so on.China's cultural tourism has made considerable progress in cultural landscape tours,museum tours,festival tours,theme park tours,and stage appreciation tours, etc.Under the development trends of diversification of development forms,thematic product development, combination of cultural connotation and informational technology application,there are also some problems in the development of cultural tourism such as subjective arbitrary of culture tourism resource develop-ment,inaccurate positioning of cultural tourism market, the excessive commercialization of cultural tourism products,and eager for quick success and instant benefit on cultural tourism business.To achieve sustained and healthy development of cultural tourism,it needs to coordinate resource assessment,market research,cultural integration and the mechanisms of development

  19. A Cross-cultural Comparison of Weekend–trips in Religious Tourism: Insights from two cultures, two countries (India and Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiran A. Shinde

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explains peculiarities, significance, and universality of weekend-trips as significant form of religious tourism using a comparative analysis of this phenomenon in two pilgrimage sites from two different cultures (and countries, namely, Vrindavan in India and the Shrine of Santimissi Medici in Italy. The findings derived from a case-study approach and visitors’ survey method confirm that religious tourism falls under the more general category of leisure and that visitors who flock to these places on weekends do not coincide either with general models proposed in the extant literature, nor can they be assimilated to the conventional categories of pilgrims and/or tourists. While highlighting the similarities and differences in the two cases, the paper proposes that weekend visitors are best described as religious tourists: visitors who use tourism as a means to fulfill a predominant religious motive in visiting a destination they consider religious or sacred. The analysis based on the concept of weekend-trips helps to explore nuances of religious tourism which can be used for better planning and management in religious tourism destinations.

  20. 论旅游文化中的导译%The guide interpreter in the cultural tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁闯

    2012-01-01

      In this paper, according to the guide interpreter features in the process of cross-cultural tourism, the writer divide and studies the roles of the guide interpreter in the cultural tourism from the a macro point of view, ranging from the aspects of tourist business types, the cultural content degree to the content of translation service. In addition the writer research into the strategies of the guide interpreter in cultural tourism.%  本文主要根据跨文化旅游过程中译者工作的特点,从导译工作的较为宏观的角度出发,从旅游接待业务的类型、文化含量程度以及导译服务的内容几方面来划分研究旅游文化中译者的角色;探讨了旅游文化及其环境下的导译人员的翻译策略。

  1. D Reconstruction of Cultural Tourism Attractions from Indoor to Outdoor Based on Portable Four-Camera Stereo Vision System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Z.; Li, C.; Zhong, S.; Liu, B.; Jiang, H.; Wen, X.

    2015-05-01

    Building the fine 3D model from outdoor to indoor is becoming a necessity for protecting the cultural tourism resources. However, the existing 3D modelling technologies mainly focus on outdoor areas. Actually, a 3D model should contain detailed descriptions of both its appearance and its internal structure, including architectural components. In this paper, a portable four-camera stereo photographic measurement system is developed, which can provide a professional solution for fast 3D data acquisition, processing, integration, reconstruction and visualization. Given a specific scene or object, it can directly collect physical geometric information such as positions, sizes and shapes of an object or a scene, as well as physical property information such as the materials and textures. On the basis of the information, 3D model can be automatically constructed. The system has been applied to the indooroutdoor seamless modelling of distinctive architecture existing in two typical cultural tourism zones, that is, Tibetan and Qiang ethnic minority villages in Sichuan Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area and Tujia ethnic minority villages in Hubei Shennongjia Nature Reserve, providing a new method and platform for protection of minority cultural characteristics, 3D reconstruction and cultural tourism.

  2. Tourism and Motivation in Cultural Destinations: towards those Visitors Attracted by Intangible Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Prada-Trigo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The intangible heritage increasingly associated with tourism in a territory is today, an element that is attracting more and more visitors. However, there are still few studies that address issues such as the motivation of these tourists, especially in contexts like those of Latin America. The aim of this research is to analyze the relationship between the motivation and satisfaction obtained by tourists who have visited the places associated with the Panama hat (recognized as an Intangible Heritage by UNESCO in 2012 in the city of Cuenca (Ecuador. The work creates a segmentation of tourists based on three dimensions: the cultural, another related to leisure and the last in reference to social and labor issues. For this, it applies a factorial analysis, cluster analysis and an analysis of variance (ANOVA with post-hoc multiple comparisons. The results show that the cultural aspect of motivation is the most important, being, however, the motivation for leisure issues which gives one a better assessment of their knowledge of the Panama hat, Cuenca's heritage or satisfaction with the trip.

  3. The Sustainable Tourism Management of Cultural Heritage: the Case of the Rosas Mine in Sardinia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Cannas

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the management of an ex mine complex listed as a UNESCO geopark, located in Sardinia (Italy, in which cultural and hospitality services are provided for visitors. First, it aims to explore a local community’s attempt to re-appropriate its former mining territory and seek a tailor-made sustainable development approach to manage its cultural and industrial heritage. Then, it analyses the organisational framework and sustainable management model of the Rosas mine village aimed at generating value both for local people and tourists, within a broader conceptual framework in which the tangible and intangible resources that comprise a milieu are crucial for implementing sustainable tourism development policies. The study was carried out using a qualitative approach, and methods adopted included case-study research and interviews with stakeholders. The main result reveals the performance of a challenging business model, based on a novel approach to the management of public-private heritage in a depressed area, inspired by the sustainable reinvention of its local heritage. The purpose of the study was to investigate a case of sustainable management heritage that might be applied in similar contexts. It may hopefully be the basis for future investigation as a case in itself, and for comparative research particularly in sustainable business models for heritage management.

  4. RESIDENTS' ATTITUDES TO TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN ANCIENT VILLAGE RESORTS--Case Study of World Cultural Heritage of Xidi and Hong Villages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Li; LU Lin; TONG Shi-rong; LU Song; YANG Zhao; WANG Yong; LIANG Dong-dong

    2004-01-01

    Tourism development surely has social, economic and environmental impacts on tourist destinations.The study on resorts residents' attitudes can help understand the nature of tourism development and the extent to which it may influence on tourist destinations. By now, researches on residents' perception and attitudes are plenteous in the international circle and achievements are great, yet few are found in developing countries. As a most representative cultural tourist destination, World Cultural Heritage-Xidi and Hong villages in Yi County of Anhui Province, are drawing the attention of both tourists and academic circles. This article, taking Xidi and Hong villages as examples, seeks to analyze ancient village residents' attitudes towards tourism impacts and then tries further to explore the connection between tourism development and residents' attitudes. Both qualitative and quantitative surveys are applied in the exploratory investigation into local residents' attitudes of tourism impacts. Based on abundant face-to-face interviews with the local households, tourism enterprises concerned, local government and tourists from July to August of 2002, we are able to have a better understanding of local residents' attitudes to community life, and perception of tourism impacts on society, economy and environment. By this we can promote domestic study on resorts residents' attitudes, and provide some theoretical grounds for establishing tourism development planning and perfect community participation system at tourist destinations.

  5. Application of UTCI in China from tourism perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Quansheng; Kong, Qinqin; Xi, Jianchao; Zheng, Jingyun

    2016-01-01

    This study uses ERA-Interim reanalysis data and the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) to investigate the spatial pattern of thermal bioclimatic conditions in China. Our results show that the annual UTCI increases with decreasing latitude throughout most of China. Areas that experience "no thermal stress" are located southeast of the line formed by the Yanshan Mountains, Taihang Mountains, the southern edge of the Loess Plateau, and the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with an area of 312.83e4 km2. During spring and autumn, the UTCI distribution is similar to the annual distribution. During summer, areas with "no thermal stress" cover the largest area (563.55e4 km2), including northern and southwestern China; in contrast, during winter, areas with "no thermal stress" only occur south of the Nanling Mountains. The annual number of days with "no thermal stress" increases from north to south in central and eastern China, exceeding 200 days in the Sichuan Basin, the southeastern coastal regions and the Yungui Plateau. The minimum and maximum values occur on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (≤10 days) and the southern Yungui Plateau (>280 days). Seasonal analysis indicates that there are over 70 days with "no thermal stress" in the Sichuan Basin, the Yungui Plateau and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River during spring and autumn, while there are more than 80 days in northern and southwestern China during summer and over 80 days in areas south of the Nanling Mountains during winter. The results of this study can be helpful for optimization of the tourism industry and tourism destinations development in China.

  6. Application of UTCI in China from tourism perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Quansheng; Kong, Qinqin; Xi, Jianchao; Zheng, Jingyun

    2017-05-01

    This study uses ERA-Interim reanalysis data and the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) to investigate the spatial pattern of thermal bioclimatic conditions in China. Our results show that the annual UTCI increases with decreasing latitude throughout most of China. Areas that experience "no thermal stress" are located southeast of the line formed by the Yanshan Mountains, Taihang Mountains, the southern edge of the Loess Plateau, and the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with an area of 312.83e4 km2. During spring and autumn, the UTCI distribution is similar to the annual distribution. During summer, areas with "no thermal stress" cover the largest area (563.55e4 km2), including northern and southwestern China; in contrast, during winter, areas with "no thermal stress" only occur south of the Nanling Mountains. The annual number of days with "no thermal stress" increases from north to south in central and eastern China, exceeding 200 days in the Sichuan Basin, the southeastern coastal regions and the Yungui Plateau. The minimum and maximum values occur on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (≤10 days) and the southern Yungui Plateau (>280 days). Seasonal analysis indicates that there are over 70 days with "no thermal stress" in the Sichuan Basin, the Yungui Plateau and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River during spring and autumn, while there are more than 80 days in northern and southwestern China during summer and over 80 days in areas south of the Nanling Mountains during winter. The results of this study can be helpful for optimization of the tourism industry and tourism destinations development in China.

  7. Oenotourism and conservation: a holistic approach to special interest tourism from a cultural heritage perspective - the Azienda Agricola Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandor Nemethy

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In wine producing countries viticultural and oenological practices and traditions, trades and crafts, the built and written heritage, the history, social structures, economy, a number of intangible values and the viticultural landscape constitute the cultural heritage of a wine region. Thus, the touristic products of oenotourism are complex attractions with a substantial number of educational elements, such as on-site wine appreciation courses, organized wine excursions on well known wine routes, wine festivals, international sommelier days or agro-tourism in wine estates where tourists may have the opportunity to participate in the harvest and learn more about the wine making process. The main target groups of wine-tourism consist of educated, mostly middle aged people with reasonably good economy and a clear intention to learn more about the culture and history of the country and its viticultural areas in an informal, entertaining way. An increasing number of vintners expand their agribusiness with a complete product structure such as grape seed oil, grappa, fruit juice, cheese, olive oil, food supplements produced from grapes, accommodation facilities from bed and breakfast to hotels and restaurants, creating herewith ideal conditions for tourism, often utilizing the network of completing, additional tourist attractions in the neighbourhood. Special attention shall be paid to the organic viticulture and wine production based on the maintenance of ecological cycles in the vineyard, because it can be the basis of eco-wine tourism, and even wine-heritage tourism due to the revival of certain traditional cultivation methods, trades and crafts linked to the historical routes of the wine industry. In this study we analyze the main aspects of wine-heritage and the terroir as source for touristic product development and propose a model for micro-region based sustainable oenoturism and eco-oenotourism with increasing economical viability.

  8. 冰嬉旅游文化产品开发研究%Research on Developing the Ice-Play Culture Production of Ice-Snow Culture Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海英; 张洪宝; 郭胜昌

    2011-01-01

    The essence of ice-snow tourism is to have a culture communion.From the viewpoint of culture,the paper scans the ice-snow resources by reviewing the ice-snow culture history in Chinese traditional culture.To develop some new production of ice-snow culture tourism is significant for digging the culture connotation of ice-snow tourism,enriching the content of ice-snow tourism and promoting Chinese traditional culture.After reviewing the ice-play culture in time and space,it indicates that the ice-play of annual national grand ceremony in Qing dynasty,which was appointed as "Chinese custom" by Qianlong emperor,has admirable development value with the full-bodied localization and primitive simplicity.Basing on the principle of developing the culture production of experiencing ice-snow tourism,it suggests combining the traditional ice-play culture with modern ice-snow tourism,highlighting the culture connotation of ice-snow tourism,developing the public participation type ice-play culture production of ice-snow tourism by confirming the core value of culture production,protruding the truth of accessory production,creating the supportive production and extending the expanding production.%冰雪旅游的本质是文化交流,从文化的角度审视冰雪资源,追溯其中国传统文化的历史渊源,开发冰雪文化旅游新产品,对于挖掘冰雪旅游的文化内涵,丰富冰雪旅游的内容,弘扬中华民族传统文化具有重要意义。通过对冰嬉文化进行时间和空间上的审视,指出被乾隆皇帝定位为"国俗"的清朝每年一次的国家大典冰嬉活动,具有浓郁的本土性和古朴性,具有极高的开发价值。以开发体验式冰雪旅游文化产品为原则,将传统的冰嬉文化与现代冰雪旅游相结合,突出冰雪旅游产品文化内涵的外在显化,从确定产品核心文化价值、突出配置性产品的真实性、打造支持性产品和延伸拓展性产品4个层次开发大众参与型冰嬉冰雪文化旅游产品。

  9. Exploring empowerment within the Gullah Geechee cultural heritage corridor: implications for heritage tourism development in the Lowcountry

    Science.gov (United States)

    B. Bynum Boley; Cassandra Johnson Gaither

    2015-01-01

    While scholarship on the Gullah Geechee (GG) people has been extensive, little research has examined heritage tourism’s potential to empower or disempower the GG. In an attempt to shed light on this, the Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor (GGCHC) was chosen as a case-study site because of its 2006 designation by Congress to protect and promote the unique...

  10. Tourism as a paradox creative sector from socio-cultural perspective: A sociological analysis on Dalyan destination

    OpenAIRE

    F. Özlem Güzel

    2013-01-01

    While the local people and tourists being in a confrontation is a desirable situation during the tourism activities’ which has economic income and employment creation impact, taking places on the destinations of which the starting point to be their natural and historical resources, it could emerge as a situation that creates paradoxes as well as, on the regions where the necessary socio-cultural awareness is no generated on the local people. In this context, the purpose of this study is to ev...

  11. Observatoire de tourisme et de culture comme stratégie mise en valeur du développement régional Observatory of culture and tourism as a development strategy of regional development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edegar Luis Tomazzoni

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article aborde la création du projet Observatoire de Tourisme et Culture de la Serra Gaúcha qui, dans son étape initiale, inclut les dix villes de l'Agglomération Urbaine nord-est de l'État de Rio Grande Do Sul (AUNe. La création de l'Observatoire a été prévue dans le projet de Valorisation du Tourisme Intégré à l'Identité Culturelle des Territoires (VICTUR, financé par le Programme URB-AL, de la Commission Européenne. Le programme de Maîtrise en Tourisme de l’Université de Caxias do Sul coordonne et développe les activités de recherche de l'Observatoire, dont l'objectif principal est de contribuer au développement régional, par un processus de socialisation de connaissances, au moyen d’un portal électronique (www.observatur.org.br. L'initiative démontre la possible coopération et la présence réelle d’échanges entre les organismes publics et privés pour la réalisation de projets d'intérêts communs qui mettent en valeur le capital social régional.This article discusses the creation of Project Monitoring Tourism and Culture of the Serra Gaucha, which in its initial stage, includes the ten cities of the urban north-eastern state of Rio Grande Do Sul (ELL. The creation of the Observatory has been provided in the proposed Integrated Tourism Enhancement of the Cultural Identity Territories (victuri, funded by the URB-AL, the European Commission. The program in Tourism Degree from the University of Caxias do Sul coordinates and develops research activities of the Observatory, whose main objective is to contribute to regional development, um process of socialization of knowledge, by means of an electronic portal (www.observatur.org.br. The initiative demonstrates the cooperation and the possible presence of real exchange between public and private projects of common interests that enhance the regional capital.

  12. The aim and participation of scientific tourism in evaluation, recognition and widening of the country's historical and cultural heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tashchyan, Davit

    2015-07-01

    Though the phenomenon of scientific tourism is widely spread in the USA and Europe, it is a new branch in Armenian tourism. The aim of the scientific tourism is to establish relationship between the tourist and the scientist, without the tourist having any material interest. The main aim is to involve the tourist in the scientific works, giving him a chance to be a part of the expedition. One of the main goals is also to involve the local tourist in the exploration of the historical and cultural heritage. It is important to mention that besides having the chance to take part in the scientific exploration, they also enjoy the time. It gives an opportunity to make the relation between the tourist and the scientist more strengthen, and let them partnering for future. The scientific tourism gives the scientist an opportunity to get new volunteers to make it wide known for the society. What refers to a tourist it is a good chance for him to be a part of a scientific exploration, to satisfy his own interest, to get new knowledge, and take part in the development of his own country.

  13. Innovating for Sustainable Cultures and Clean Tech by Communication in Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    In the paper we track the predominant outline of greening the tourism trade and follow the previous regional sustainable tourism activities of Region Zealand, Denmark where our project is rooted. Then we present the reversed strategy we have followed in the R&D project: Eco Learning Experiences ,...

  14. Dynamically linking economic models to ecological condition for coastal zone management: Application to sustainable tourism planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvarskas, Anthony

    2017-03-01

    While the development of the tourism industry can bring economic benefits to an area, it is important to consider the long-run impact of the industry on a given location. Particularly when the tourism industry relies upon a certain ecological state, those weighing different development options need to consider the long-run impacts of increased tourist numbers upon measures of ecological condition. This paper presents one approach for linking a model of recreational visitor behavior with an ecological model that estimates the impact of the increased visitors upon the environment. Two simulations were run for the model using initial parameters available from survey data and water quality data for beach locations in Croatia. Results suggest that the resilience of a given tourist location to the changes brought by increasing tourism numbers is important in determining its long-run sustainability. Further work should investigate additional model components, including the tourism industry, refinement of the relationships assumed by the model, and application of the proposed model in additional areas. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. The Concept of Carrying Capacity in Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Zelenka

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Carrying capacity is often pragmatically, theoretically as well as purely intuitively considered as a concept in the context of tourism sustainability. The carrying capacity application has the greatest potential in protected areas, in frequently visited cultural and natural attractions, and in relation to sustaining of the lifestyle of the local community and tourism destination potential in general. Despite its importance, partial applications, determination of basic theoretical principles, and specifying connection to the other theoretical concepts in tourism (particularly destination life cycle, LAC concept, visitors management, there still is a rightful opinion of some authors suggesting that there is no consistent theory of tourism carrying capacity. This theory would be the base for sophisticated practical carrying capacity applications. This paper is therefore focused on introduction of the theoretical concept of carrying capacity, which can be discussed and possibly further elaborated.

  16. 太原市文化旅游产业发展模式探讨%Explorations on the Development Mode of Cultural Tourism in Taiyuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彬彬

    2012-01-01

    文化是旅游的灵魂,旅游是文化传播的有利手段。文化产业与旅游产业结合而成的文化旅游产业将成为挖掘地方文化、推动旅游业发展、调整经济结构、发展地方经济的重要手段。太原市可参照以晋商文化、潮州文化等区域文化旅游产业为代表的成功模式,推出具有自身特色的文化旅游发展模式。%Culture is the soul of tourism,and tourism is an effective way to spread culture.Cultural and tourist business,which comes from the combination of cultural business and tourist business,will be an important approach to develop local culture,promote tourism industry,adjust economic structure,and promote local economy.In Taiyuan,we can refer to the modes of some representative cultural tourism such as Jin-merchant culture and Chaozhou culture,so as to promote our own cultural tourism to develop in a new mode with unique feature.

  17. Examining Cultural Tourism Attractions for Foreign Visitors: The Case of Camel Wrestling in Selçuk (Ephesus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vedat Çalışkan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the Camel Wrestling Festival in Selçuk, which has gained importance with its tourist appeal among traditional camel wrestling organizations in Western Anatolia. The study aimed to investigate those aspects of the Festival, which were found to be attractive for foreign visitors, and to evaluate the impacts of tourism on this traditional event. The study data were obtained from the surveys that were completed by 56 foreign visitors at the Camel Wrestling Festival in Selçuk on January 18, 2009. Findings of the study demonstrate that this traditional event attracts foreign visitors from various countries worldwide, for they are curious about this event and desire to have a cultural-authentic experience. The Camel Wrestling Festival in Selçuk is a cultural heritage, which has not been commercialized or lost its authentic significance yet, although it is vulnerable to the impact of international tourism. Nevertheless, handing this value down to the future by conserving it with its cultural surroundings is possible through a sustainable tourism policy. The Camel Wrestling Festival in Selçuk is in the process of becoming a touristic product, and the proposals in the study contribute to the development of a policy for the festival concerned.

  18. 皖江茶文化旅游资源整合与开发研究%Integration and Development of Tea Culture Tourism Resources along Wanjiang River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪辉进; 陈慧芳

    2016-01-01

    随着当前我国名山名水旅游、乡村生态旅游、红色区域旅游、现代农业旅游等特色旅游旳蓬勃发展,如何开发整合皖江茶文化资源,加快其旅游的步伐,促进茶业与旅游经济共同发展,是承接东西产业转移的重要问题. 经调查研究,文章特提出:挖掘徽茶文化与佛禅文化资源,打造茶旅新品牌;整合二山一湖茶文化旅游路线,拓宽旅游渠道;筑建皖江茶文化旅游长廊工程等三大发展战略,以期推动皖江茶文化产业提质增效,实现可持续发展.%The boom of mountain and river sightseeing,ecological country tourism,red area tourism and modern agriculture tourism makes it an urgent issue in industrial transference from the East to the West to integrate the tea culture tourism resources in the area along Wanjiang River,step up its tourism development,promote the mutual growth of tea and tourism economy.Based on research and surveys,this paper proposes three strategies to motivate the sustainable development of the tea industry in this region:combine Anhui tea culture and Bud-dhism culture and create a new brand of tea tourism;integrate itineraries of the two mountains and one lake in this are to expand tourism channels,and build a Wanjiang River Tea Culture Corridor to promote tourism.

  19. Cultural Tourism in the Urban Context: Museologic Routes – The cases of Aveiro and Ílhavo (Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Vidal Maia

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This study identifies how crucial are the relationships between cultural resources and touristic attractions, passing through a journey of transmutation that meets two essential requirements: the need for cultural storytelling or information and the need of providing a unique experience to cultural consumers. One of the most successful products, in the relationship between tourism and culture, are museum routes. This ex-post facto study creates a whole cultural-touristic dynamic through museum routes and their planning in urban areas. We also try to encompass the museum activity of Aveiro and Ílhavo in order to protect and promote sociocultural and patrimonial resources. Our main goal consists on the integration of related areas such as tradition, heritage, art, costumes, crafts, ethnography and history by creating a stronger regional cultural touristic product, that we named “Route Museums, Memories and Stories in the Urban Context of Aveiro and Ílhavo”.

  20. Thematic tourism vs. mass tourism in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Červinka Michal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article titled Thematic Tourism vs. Mass Tourism in the Czech Republic is concerned with the relationship between thematic tourism, mass tourism and presuppositions of the tourism development. The authors aim is to compare the turnout of thematic tourism attractions and sights focused on mass tourism paying attention to presuppositions of the tourism development and barriers for the turnout of thematic monuments. Comparisons will be based on presuppositions of tourism development and will be based especially on the specifics of thematic tourism - as a marginal field within the tourism industry. The application part will focus on the comparison of sights with massive turnout in the Czech Republic and thematic landmarks as the subject of thematic tourism. Special attention will be paid to the comparison of the two most visited monuments in the Czech Republic as for mass tourism - the Charles Bridge, and the most visited monument as for thematic tourism - the hydro-power plant Dlouhé Stráně, a technical representative of thematic tourism. Both monuments were elected by general public on the list of Seven Wonders of the Czech Republic in 2013. The aim is to confirm / refute the hypothesis that quality preconditions of tourism development are essential for the development of tourism and visiting tourist attractions. The article will use secondary data analysis methods and author's own field research.

  1. Innovating for Sustainable Cultures and Clean Tech by Communication in Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    In the paper we track the predominant outline of greening the tourism trade and follow the previous regional sustainable tourism activities of Region Zealand, Denmark where our project is rooted. Then we present the reversed strategy we have followed in the R&D project: Eco Learning Experiences...... , as strategic targeting the commercial products in content and form by breeding a niche market for learning eco-tourism. We introduce the niche forming meta-strategy used in the commercial and in the R&D parts along the product-service chain. To this we reflect upon designing or staging eco-experiences in a way...

  2. Negotiating Culture, Economics and Community Politics: The Practice of Lei Yue Mun Tourism in Postcolonial Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This article is based on an on-going research project that examines how tourism is constructed in Hong Kong by using the specific tourist spot, Lei Yue Mun, as a case study. The article’s aim is to demonstrate how the local agents of a small, squatter-based community with a distinctive history and cultural traditions may, without making any claim to indigenousness or aboriginality, manage a local economy and engage in cultural negotiation at the metropolitan, national and global levels....

  3. TRENDS IN ROMANIAN TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pirjol Florentina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is an industry of the future, having the potential to provide significant revenues, and an industry of 'beauty', because it will protect, preserve and contribute to arranging the environment affected by other human activities. This is why it is very important to know the evolution of this underdeveloped field in our country. This paper is intended as a study on current trends in Romanian tourism without any claim of being an exhaustive research on the industry, describing the main indices of tourist traffic and their influence on Romanian tourism. Nowadays, we witness three main trends in Romanian tourism: sustainability, ecotourism and the increasing presence of cultural tourism. Ecotourism, as a form of tourism, has emerged from people's need to withdraw in nature, to visit and learn about the natural areas which have or have not a national or international protection status. Cultural tourism appears as a type of tourism clearly differentiated from other forms or types of tourism, particularly through motivation. It can be defined as a form of tourist mobility whose primary goal is broadening the horizon of knowledge by uncovering its architectural and artistic heritage and the areas in which it originates. Sustainability for tourism, as for other industries, has three independent aspects: economic, socio-cultural and environmental. Sustainability implies permanence, which means that sustainable tourism requires the optimal use of resources, minimizing the negative economic, socio-cultural and ecological impact, maximizing the benefits upon local communities, national economies and conservation of nature. Regarding statistical data, in what quantity is concerned, there is an increase in Romanian tourism, but in what quality is concerned there is a setback for tourism in the last years. This aspect should make public authorities take concern in improving the infrastructure and the quality of the touristical activity and in diversifying

  4. 旅游英语翻译文化对接问题的探讨%Probelems into Cross-culture Integration in Tourism Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶

    2012-01-01

    Chinese tourism industry booms with development of Chinese opening-up policy. On the other hand, tourism translation is short of professionals, and the level of tourism translation is beyond satisfactory. This paper compares linguistic charaeeristcs of Chinese tourism text with English tourism text, analyzes pseudo- equivalence phenomenon in tourism translation from a cross-culture perspective, and puts forward strategies to deal with cross-culture integration in tourism translation.%随着对外开放步伐的加快,中国旅游业飞速发展,但是旅游英语翻译缺乏专门人才,翻译质量不尽人意,翻译中文化不对等现象较为普遍。因此,译者应对汉英旅游资料的语言特征和差异有所把握,并以跨文化的视角剖析旅游英语翻译中的伪对等现象,处理好旅游英语文化对接的问题。

  5. Selling culture? Between commoditisation and cultural control in Indigenous alternative tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Las culturas indígenas son turísticamente significativas, pero sus portadores han sido sistemáticamente excluidos de sus beneficios y control. En contra de ello algunas organizaciones indígenas han incursionado en el turismo eco -cultural alternativo. Su nicho de mercado es social y ecológicamente consciente pero aún así se espera “autenticidad” basada en ideologías postcolonialistas. Para tener éxito el turismo alternativo requiere manejar las tensiones entre cultura e identidades propias y ...

  6. Selling culture? Between commoditisation and cultural control in Indigenous alternative tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Coronado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las culturas indígenas son turísticamente significativas, pero sus portadores han sido sistemáticamente excluidos de sus beneficios y control. En contra de ello algunas organizaciones indígenas han incursionado en el turismo eco -cultural alternativo. Su nicho de mercado es social y ecológicamente consciente pero aún así se espera “autenticidad” basada en ideologías postcolonialistas. Para tener éxito el turismo alternativo requiere manejar las tensiones entre cultura e identidades propias y las que el mercado demanda. Mediante la noción de control cultural evalúo cómo proyectos alternativos en México y Perú afrontan, en sus propios términos, el desafío de la mercantilización de cultura y naturaleza. Para comprender las paradojas a que se enfrentan analizo sus representaciones culturales, identidades organizativas y alianzas a través de una lectura etnográfica de sus historias en la Red.

  7. Integration of the geomorphological environment and cultural heritage for tourism promotion: a case study from Gozo (Maltese Islands)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coratza, Paola; Gauci, Ritienne; Schembri, John A.; Soldati, Mauro; Tonelli, Chiara

    2015-04-01

    The paper aims to highlight the unique integration of natural and cultural heritage within the Dwejra area, a site of outstanding scenery located along the NW coast of the Island of Gozo (Malta). Dwejra displays a great variety of geological and geomorphological features as well as unusual and unique ecological systems, concentrated in a relatively small and remoteness area. The landscape is made of a large set of landforms created by several processes: karst dissolution, forming at least four solution subsidence structures in the area; fluvial processes (marked by the presence of perennial freshwater pools), seepage from cliffs, waterfall and several dry valley systems (widien); marine erosion processes as evidenced by the great variety of features, including with sea-caves, tunnel, arches, stacks and reefs. The presence of cultural features spanning from rubble walls and rural structures, to cart-ruts of unknown age and structures of the 19th Century enrich the interest in the area and allow it to become a landmark of cultural importance to the history of the island as a whole. This unique combination of geological l.s., cultural and biological heritage contributes in making Dwejra a site of extraordinary scientific importance and heritage value, an ideal tourist destination for fostering a varied form of geotourism. In perspective of tourism promotion and geoconservation measures, this paper aims at highlighting how the integration of environmental and cultural heritage aspects makes the Dwejra area a site of remarkable value to be promoted for a more holistic and varied tourism.

  8. A Development Research of Ceramic Culture Tourism in Dehua from the Perspective of Creative Tourism%创意旅游视阈下德化陶瓷文化旅游发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕艳伟; 郑耀星

    2012-01-01

    The emergence of creative tourism is the necessary choice that the tourism industry accommodates to the new change of market demand when the world enter the knowledge-based economy and the experience economy age. Dehua, as one of three major ceramic capital in China and one of the birthplace of Ceramic culture of China, plays an important role on the development of the ceramic culture history in China. In this paper, based on the related concepts of the creative tourism and analysis of relationship between cultural tourism and ereative tourism, we researched the current situation of Ceramic culture tourism in Dehua, proposed the countermeasure and suggestion of developmental protection of ceramic culture tourism in Dehua from the perspective of creative tourism, and explored its industry value as one of the Intangible cultural Heritage.%创意旅游是旅游产业适应市场变化的必然选择,德化作为中国的三大瓷都之一,陶瓷文化旅游正在兴起.本文期冀以创意旅游引领德化陶瓷文化旅游的突破和升级,开发其作为非物质文化遗产的价值,并为闽台非物质文化遗产的传承与保护性旅游利用研究提供案例借鉴.文章借用文献分析和田野调查法、定性定量研究和跨文化比较研究法,分析了创意旅游内涵及其与文化旅游的关系,对陶瓷文化旅游相关概念及发展模式进行研究,继而对德化陶瓷文化产业和旅游发展现状进行了分析并提出了对策建议,最后,得出了创意旅游视域下德化陶瓷文化旅游发展模式.

  9. 体验视角下南通长寿饮食文化旅游产品开发%Research on Longevity Food Culture Tourism Product Development in Nantong from the Perspective of Tourism Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾小光; 孙攀; 高玉梅

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyses the basic principles of product development based on the perspective of tourism experience .There are some problems in longevity food culture tourism development in Nantong .We can pro-mote the tourism industry in four effective ways:innovating culture theme ,paying attention to the scene design and creating a realistic experience situation ,designing participatory tourism projects and expanding tourism in-dustry chain ,and organizing large-scale theme festivals and establishing brand image .%文章分析了旅游体验视角下产品开发的基本原则,指出南通长寿饮食文化旅游发展中存在的不足,提出可以通过创新产品的文化主题,注重场景设计、营造逼真的体验情境,开发参与性旅游项目、拓展旅游产业链,举办大型的主题节庆活动、树立品牌形象等4种有效途径来提升旅游产业。

  10. 古城文化型景区旅游真实性实证研究——以丽江古城为例%Empirical Research on Tourism Authenticity of Ancient Cultural City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀红

    2011-01-01

    基于旅游真实性理论和对丽江古城文化型景区进行的田野调查分析,探索我国古城文化型景区旅游者的旅游真实性结构情况,并进一步挖掘了古城文化型景区旅游真实性和旅游动机的内在联系.研究发现古城文化型景区旅游真实性总体上表现为客观真实性最高,依次为存在真实性、建构真实性和后现代真实性.古城文化型景区旅游真实性和旅游动机相关性总体上表现为“知识功能”动机、“奖励最大化”动机、“最小化惩罚”动机、“自尊”动机和“自我实现”动机逐步递减趋势;4类不同的旅游真实性与5类不同类型的旅游动机之间的相关性也表现出各自不同的特点.从理论上丰富了国内有关旅游真实性实证定量研究的成果,从实践上对现实的旅游市场研究和基于旅游者的规划活动极具应用价值.%On the basis of tourism authenticity theory and field investigation and analysis of Lijiang ancient city, the paper had explored tour ists ' authenticity, and further revealed the inner relation between tourism authenticity and tourism motivation of ancient cultural cities. It was found that ancient cultural cities generally had the highest objective authenticity, followed by existential, constructive and post-modem authen ticity. As for tourism motivation, motivation of knowledge function, of reward maximization, of punishment minimization, of self-esteem and of self-fulfillment presented to diminish progressively. Relationships between four types of tourism authenticity and five types of tourism motiva tions also varied from each other. It had enriched empirical quantitative research results of domestic tourism authenticity in theory, and provid ed application value for research on realistic tourism market and planning activity based on tourists in practice.

  11. Development of Celebrity Cultural Tourism Resources from Perspective of Experience Tourism%体验旅游视角下名人文化旅游资源的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟英伟

    2014-01-01

    论述了名人文化旅游资源的概念、开发意义、开发形式与对策,体验旅游的定义、特点、类型、开发原则和对策。体验旅游视角下,名人文化旅游资源的开发具有参与性、真实性、文化差异性和市场导向的原则,名人文化旅游资源的开发对策有个性化设计产品、挖掘名人文化内涵、设计场景调动旅游者积极性、策划参与项目、开发名人文化旅游纪念品、留住体验记忆、完善导游讲解系统。%Summarizes the concept of celebrity culture tourism resources, the meaning, the form and the countermeasures of development. Summarizes the experience tourism’s definition, characteristics, types, design principles and development strategies. In the experience tourism perspective, the development of celebrity culture tourism resources should meet partici-pation, authenticity, cultural differences and market-oriented principles. the development of countermeasures celebrity tourism resources, that are the market-oriented, dig celebrity culture connotation, design personalized of participation projects and souvenirs, perfect tour guide system.

  12. Celebrity Culture Tourism Development Research in Meizhou City under the Perspective of Cultural and Creative Industries%文化创意产业视角下梅州市名人文化旅游开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓琼芬

    2016-01-01

    虽然梅州市名人文化旅游资源丰富,但是其名人文化旅游产品面临文化含量不足、创新意识不够的问题。旅游业与文化创意产业具有先天的产业融合优势,因此借鉴文化创意产业理念,提出名人文化旅游与文化创意产业融合模式,在此基础上,梅州市应从培育文化创意环境、提炼文化创意元素、采取多种名人文化创意旅游开发模式三方面来发展名人文化旅游。%Although rich in celebrity culture tourism resources in Meizhou City, but it faces the problem of shortage of cultural content and insufficient awareness of innovation. Tourism and cultural and creative industries have inherent advantages of industry convergence. Based on the concept of cultural and creative industries,??celebrity culture tourism and cultural creative industries integration model are made. Then it proposes that Meizhou should foster cultural and creative environment; refine cultural and creative elements;take a variety of celebrity culture and creative tourism development model to develop cultural celebrity tourism.

  13. TOURISM AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BORMA AFRODITA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a theoretical approach of the relation between tourism and local development. The research method used is based on documenting and summarizing aspects related to the importance of tourism on local development. According to data provided by the World Tourism Organization (WTO, 2014, compared to 2010, a 91% increase of the number of international tourist arrivals is forecasted in 2030, from 948 million arrivals (2010 to 1,810 million arrivals (2030. Therefore, it is no surprise that tourism is viewed as a development strategy in many national economies. Tourism literature captures a series of arguments that emphasize the contribution of tourism to local development by: creating new jobs, revitalizing cultural traditions, improving infrastructure, environmental protection, etc. For Romania, as well, it may be noted that tourism strategies included in the 2013-2016 Government Programme are oriented towards local tourism by: decentralizing the authorization and approval activity, developing an integrated tourism by capitalizing all the local resources (cultural, agricultural, handicraft, etc., connecting Romanian tourism to international trends, etc. In order to achieve the aforementioned objectives, the 2013-2016 Government Program provides the clarification on the issue of decentralization, since the current government believes that a balanced development of Romania can only be achieved through transfer of authority to the local, county and regional levels.

  14. Culturable microbial diversity and the impact of tourism in Kartchner Caverns, Arizona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikner, Luisa A; Toomey, Rickard S; Nolan, Ginger; Neilson, Julia W; Pryor, Barry M; Maier, Raina M

    2007-01-01

    Kartchner Caverns in Benson, AZ, was opened for tourism in 1999 after a careful development protocol that was designed to maintain predevelopment conditions. As a part of an ongoing effort to determine the impact of humans on this limestone cave, samples were collected from cave rock surfaces along the cave trail traveled daily by tour groups (200,000 visitors year-1) and compared to samples taken from areas designated as having medium (30-40 visitors year-1) and low (2-3 visitors year-1) levels of human exposure. Samples were also taken from fiberglass moldings installed during cave development. Culturable bacteria were recovered from these samples and 90 unique isolates were identified by using 16S rRNA polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. Diversity generally decreased as human impact increased leading to the isolation of 32, 27, and 22 strains from the low, medium, and high impact areas, respectively. The degree of human impact was also reflected in the phylogeny of the isolates recovered. Although most isolates fell into one of three phyla: Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, or Proteobacteria, the Proteobacteria were most abundant along the cave trail (77% of the isolates), while Firmicutes predominated in the low (66%) and medium (52%) impact areas. Although the abundance of Proteobacteria along the cave trail seems to include microbes of environmental rather than of anthropogenic origin, it is likely that their presence is a consequence of increased organic matter availability due to lint and other organics brought in by cave visitors. Monitoring of the cave is still in progress to determine whether these bacterial community changes may impact the future development of cave formations.

  15. Responsible tourism in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Debicka; Aneta Oniszczuk-Jastrzabek

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is to present the concept of responsible tourism in theory, and present the results of authors’ survey on the awareness of responsible tourism in Poland. Design – Development of the tourist industry often has negative effects on wildlife and local communities, and so for these values which are most valuable in attracting tourist to a particular place. Low tourist culture of travelling persons can result in a situation in which tourism may threaten the fou...

  16. IoT Architecture for a Sustainable Tourism Application in a Smart City Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Nitti

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the past few years, the Smart Cities concept has become one of the main driving forces for the urban transition towards a low carbon environment, sustainable economy, and mobility. Tourism, as one of the fastest growing industries, is also an important generator of carbon emissions; therefore, the recently emerging sustainable tourism concept is envisioned as an important part of the Smart Cities paradigm. Within this context, the Internet-of-Things (IoT concept is the key technological point for the development of smart urban environments through the use of aggregated data, integrated in a single decisional platform. This paper performs the first analysis on the feasibility of the use of an IoT approach and proposes a specific architecture for a sustainable tourism application. The architecture is tailored for the optimisation of the movement of cruise ship tourists in the city of Cagliari (Italy, by taking into consideration factors such as transport information and queue waiting times. A first set of simulations is performed using 67-point of interest, real transportation data, and an optimisation algorithm.

  17. AN ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE CULTURAL HERITAGE, TRAVEL n TOURISM, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dugulan Diana

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The cultural heritage, including, according to the UNESCO definition, the assembly of monuments, groups of buildings, and sites which are of outstanding universal value from the historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological point of view, represents an important asset that can be engaged and capitalized in order to support the sustainable development. Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs in order to provide a better quality of life for everyone, now and for generations to come, has become a concern and, in the same time, a priority for all the stakeholders of the society. Turning to the best account of the cultural heritage also represents an important driver for the sustainable development of the travel and tourism industry, as the cultural sites, institutions, goods and services, appropriately capitalized, represent significant attractions for the international and domestic tourists. The integration of the principles of sustainable development in the current functioning of the travel and tourism industry led to the development and implementation of the concept of sustainable tourism. The paper explores in a distinctive manner the relationships between the cultural heritage and the travel and tourism industry, respectively the cultural heritage and the sustainable development based on a set of related statistical indicators, and the specific secondary data, expressing the extent of the cultural heritage, the development of the travel and tourism industry, and the attained level of sustainable development in ten Central and Eastern European countries, members of the European Union. There are two major research questions the paper aims to answer: (1 How significant is the relationship between the cultural heritage and the development of the travel and tourism industry? (2 Is there a noteworthy connection between the cultural heritage and the sustainable

  18. The Development of Mobile Client Application in Yogyakarta Tourism and Culinary Information System Based on Social Media Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novrian Fajar Hidayat

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Social network is currently being an important part of someone. Many of users in social network make it an effective publication. One of many things that can be published on social network is tourism. Indonesia has a lot of tourism and culinary, especially on Special District of Yogyakarta.Tourism and culinary resources on Yogyakarta can be published and shared using social network. In addition, development of mobile technology and smartphone make easier to access social network through internet. The release of Windows Phone 7 makes new color in the world of smartphone. Windows Phone 7comes with elegant interface, Metro Style. Besides that, standardized specification makes Windows Phone 7 suitable for integrating social network with tourism and culinary on Special District of Yogyakarta. This Research is expected to integrate social network with tourism and culinary on Yogyakarta. The method in this research is using ICONIX method. This method is one method that combines waterfall and agile methods. The results of this study are in the form of applications that run on Windows Phone 7 and consume a web service. This application provides information especially for tourist in order to be able to easily find culinary and tourism in Yogyakarta.

  19. The Development of Creative Tourism in China: The Case Studies of Hangzhou, Xiamen and Qingdao

    OpenAIRE

    Zeng, Jingyao

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, the application of creativity has referred to each field including tourism industry. Based on the idea of creativity, creative industry has showed its importance for economic growth. Western countries paid earlier attention to the potential of creativity and creative industry, while developing countries such as China also found out the possibility of usage of creativity. On the other hand, as an extension of cultural tourism, creative tourism adopts creativity into the touris...

  20. Application of Electronic Business in Tourism Industry%浅谈电子商务在旅游行业的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩笑宇

    2014-01-01

    电子商务在旅游行业的应用,推动了旅游业的发展。电子商务应用在旅游行业面临哪些主要问题,电子商务与旅游行业结合的意义以及旅游行业发展电子商务的应用策略可以反映出电子商务在旅游行业的应用问题。%The application of e-commerce in tourism industry promotes the development of tourism. The author analyzes application of e-commerce in tourism industries through problems which is caused by application of e-commerce in tourism industries, the significance of combination of e-commerce and tourism industry and strategy of e-commerce in tourism industries.

  1. Ethnic Tourism: A Case Study of Language and Culture Preservation of the Bateq Indigenous Group of Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Che Lah Salasiah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia provides ethnic tourism which is related to the more popularly known as nature or eco-tourism where an indigenous or traditional group of people who live in this environment will interact with and provide services to the tourists who would like to experience ethnic tourism. Ethnic tourism refers to travel motivated by the search for the first hand, authentic and sometimes intimate contact with people whose ethnic and/or cultural background is different from the tourists. Tourists are also driven by the desire to see some of the threatened cultures that may soon disappear through assimilation into the nation’s majority. This paper aims to explore ethnic tourism as a preservation strategy for language and culture in a selected community of Bateq Orang Asli group in Peninsular Malaysia in relation the language and cultural preservation of this community. An in-depth interview, a qualitative research technique, was selected as a method of data collection. The multimedia data was also collected including the recordings of the indigenous languages, still pictures and videotapes of the indigenous and cultural activities. The findings of this study show that the Bateq Orang Asli groups have preferences of their languages even though there is a pattern that a high number of lexical items have been borrowed from Malay. Language shift among younger speakers is also becoming a trend. In terms of the preservation of cultural heritage, the Bateq Orang Asli are still very positive about keeping their practices and lifestyles. The involvement of Bateq Orang Asli in promoting ethnic tourism in the surrounding areas near their settlements has contributed to their language and cultural preservation.

  2. What the growth of a space tourism industry could contribute to employment, economic growth, environmental protection, education, culture and world peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Patrick; Autino, Adriano

    2010-06-01

    The authors argue that the creation of a popular new industry of passenger space travel could be economically and socially very beneficial in creating new employment in aerospace and related fields in order to supply these services. In doing so, the application of nearly a half-century of technological development that has yet to be used commercially could create many new aerospace engineering business opportunities. In addition, by growing to large scale, space tourism has unique potential to reduce the cost of space travel sharply, thereby making many other activities in space feasible and profitable. The paper discusses the scope for new employment, stimulating economic growth, reducing environmental damage, sustaining education particularly in the sciences, stimulating cultural growth, and preserving peace by eliminating any need for "resource wars".

  3. Public Willingness to Pay for Transforming Jogyesa Buddhist Temple in Seoul, Korea into a Cultural Tourism Resource

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seul-Ye Lim

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Jogyesa Buddhist Temple (JBT, located in Seoul, Korea, is the chief temple of the Jogye Order, which represents Korean Buddhism. The Seoul government plans to transform the JBT into a cultural tourism resource and a historical site. This study attempts to analyze the willingness to pay (WTP for implementing the transformation, which includes building a new shopping arcade for Buddhist culture and tourism, constructing a museum for the teaching of history and an experience center for Korean traditional culture in the precincts of JBT, and making an open space for domestic and/or foreign visitors. To this end, the study looks into the WTP for the implementation, reporting on a contingent valuation (CV survey that was conducted with 500 Seoul households. The single-bounded dichotomous choice CV model and a spike model were applied to derive the WTP responses and analyze the WTP data with zero observations, respectively. The mean yearly WTP was computed to be KRW 7129 (USD 6.30 per household for the next five years, with the estimate being statistically significant at the 1% level. Expanding the value to the Seoul population gives us KRW 25.4 billion (USD 22.5 million per year. The present value of the total WTP amounts to KRW 114.6 billion (USD 101.3 million using a social discount rate of 5.5%. We can conclude that Seoul households are ready to shoulder some of the financial burden of implementing the transformation.

  4. 区域文化旅游开发探讨--以绍兴为例%On the Regional Cultural Tourism Development with Shaoxing as a Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周斅源

    2016-01-01

    Shaoxing city has a long history and abundant cultural tourism resources.In recent years, cultural tourism is developing very fast in Shaoxing,meanwhile some problems have also occurred. Based on the analysis of cultural tourism development background conditions and the existing problems in Shaoxing,the countermeasures about sustainable development of cultural tourism in Shaoxing are put forward in the following aspects:ascertaining development target,improving the tourism product struc-ture,protecting resources and optimizing environment,as well as strengthening the marketing.%绍兴是一座具有悠久历史的文化名城,文化旅游资源丰富。近年来,绍兴文化旅游发展较快,但仍然存在诸多问题。文章分析了绍兴文化旅游开发的背景条件及存在的问题,提出明确发展目标定位、完善产品结构、保护资源优化环境、强化营销的开发建议,以促进绍兴文化旅游的持续发展。

  5. Perceived tourism impacts in municipalities with different tourism concentration

    OpenAIRE

    Nemec Rudež, Helena; Vodeb, Ksenija

    2010-01-01

    The paper investigates residents’ perceptions of tourism impacts in Koper and Piran municipality which are located on the Slovenian coast. The two municipalities have different tourism concentration defined as the ratio between the number of tourists and the number of residents. Specifically, the study attempts to explore differences between tourism impacts in the two municipalities. For the purpose of this study, tourism impacts are divided into economic, socio-cultural and environmental. Pr...

  6. Towards a decision support tool to assess costs and benefits of tourism development scenarios : Application of the tool at Greater Giyani, South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henkens, R.J.H.G.; Luttik, J.; Tassone, V.C.; Groot, de R.S.; Grafakos, S.; Blignaut, J.

    2005-01-01

    The tourism industry represents a thriving business and offers many opportunities for tourism development all around the world. Each development will have its economic, socio-cultural and ecological costs and benefits. Many of these are difficult to assess and to value, which often leads to unsustai

  7. Characteristics and the Economic Impact of Visitors to Heritage and Cultural Tourism Attractions in North Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodur, Nancy Marie

    2010-01-01

    In the last two decades, travel and tourism has grown into an increasingly important industry. More recently, travelers have sought out activities and attractions that focus on authenticity, heritage and uniqueness, and rural communities have begun to realize that their communities and attractions match well with what visitors are demanding.…

  8. Characteristics and the Economic Impact of Visitors to Heritage and Cultural Tourism Attractions in North Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodur, Nancy Marie

    2010-01-01

    In the last two decades, travel and tourism has grown into an increasingly important industry. More recently, travelers have sought out activities and attractions that focus on authenticity, heritage and uniqueness, and rural communities have begun to realize that their communities and attractions match well with what visitors are demanding.…

  9. Cultural Diversity in the Curriculum: Perceptions and Attitudes of Irish Hospitality and Tourism Academics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devine, Frances; Hearns, Niamh; Baum, Tom; Murray, Anna

    2008-01-01

    Academics are facing significant challenges in preparing indigenous students for employment in the multicultural working environment of hospitality and tourism organisations. In dealing with the impact of the new skills and flexibilities demanded by increasing globalisation, the indigenous workforce needs to possess a multicultural perspective and…

  10. A Cross-Cultural Web Usability Analysis of Asian Countries’ Official Tourism Websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaslin Md. Dahlan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Demands for tourism websites from worldwide providers is now surging. It is a quality measurement of advertising, information providing and persuasive marketing all in one. The evaluation of website’s usability illuminates the specific strengths and weaknesses of each websites studied. A selection of 39 Asian countries was studied. A criterion for selection was for the country to have an official tourism website hosted and managed by a government agency. This non-commercial study is to ensure the reliability of information. A walkthrough content analysis method was used for the evaluation. The month-long evaluation experiments the seven elements of webs’ features and functions with 44 attributes. Results were varied with highest and lowest scores were tabulated and discussed. Tourism websites that scored the highest overall and categorical sections obviously placed tourism as their main industry of the economy. The study is limited by the availability of the websites during the evaluation period. No re-evaluation on another date was done, as to avoid biasness.

  11. Cultural Diversity in the Curriculum: Perceptions and Attitudes of Irish Hospitality and Tourism Academics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devine, Frances; Hearns, Niamh; Baum, Tom; Murray, Anna

    2008-01-01

    Academics are facing significant challenges in preparing indigenous students for employment in the multicultural working environment of hospitality and tourism organisations. In dealing with the impact of the new skills and flexibilities demanded by increasing globalisation, the indigenous workforce needs to possess a multicultural perspective and…

  12. A Critique of the Militarisation of Australian History and Culture Thesis: The Case of Anzac Battlefield Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jim McKay

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the militarisation of Australian history and culture thesis with specific reference to the increasing popularity of Anzac battlefield tourism. I argue that the militarisation thesis contains ontological and epistemological flaws that render it incapable of understanding the multifaceted ways in which Australians experience Anzac battlefield tours. I then argue that in order to study how Australians both at home and overseas respond to the upcoming Anzac Centenary researchers will need to deploy an empirically-grounded and multidisciplinary framework. I demonstrate how proponents of militarisation: (1 ignore the polymorphous properties of Anzac myths; (2 are complicit with constructions of ‘moral panics’ about young Australian tourists; (3 overlook the reflexive capacities of teachers, students and tourists with respect to military history and battlefield tours; and (4 disregard the complex and contradictory aspects of visits to battlefields. My counter-narrative relies both on Stuart Hall’s work on popular culture and empirical studies of battlefield tourism from myriad disciplines.

  13. 红色旅游文化软实力及其符号化研究%Research on the cultural soft power and symbolization of red tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯淑华

    2012-01-01

    Red tourism is a new kind of tourism product formed by China' s special national situation. The cultural soft power of red tourism has showed a remarkable effect in practice, therefore it becomes the focus of academic research. Throughout research, the essay discusses that the cultural soft power of red tourism mainly embodies in the following respects : the flag of nation- al spirit, the consolidation of main ideological stream, the cognition of the ruling party' s ruling legitimacy, the agglomeration of national centripetal force and so on. From the perspective of Semiology, the essay also discusses the characteristics of red tourism' s cultural soft power. At first, the essay analyses the symbolization feature of tourists' psychological needs from the demand re- spect. Nostalgia, exploration and worship are the symbolization features of red tourism' s psychological characteristic. Then, the essay carries out symbolization research on the " place spirit" of red tourism. It is the "soul" of red tourism which should lead the whole tourism product development. The essay establishes the symbol system of the red tourism product and proposes the textual symbols' establishment and development of the red tourism brand and reflects on the symbolization of red tourism innovation.%红色旅游是中国国情下产生、形成的一种新型旅游产品,其文化软实力已在实践中呈现出显著的效果。文章从民族精神的标举、主流意识形态的巩固、执政党执政合法性的认识和国家向心力的凝聚等方面探讨了红色旅游的文化软实力问题,并从符号学的角度研究红色旅游文化软实力的表征力,剖析旅游者心理需求的符号化特征,分析红色旅游“场所精神”的符号化问题,建构红色旅游产品符号系统。提出红色旅游品牌文本符号的建立与开发,以及红色旅游创新的符号化思考。

  14. Analysis of Ethnic Folk Culture Tourism Development in Hainan%论海南民族民俗文化旅游开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽华

    2014-01-01

    海南民族民俗文化旅游还面临着诸多问题,表现在:在海南经济发展中的特殊贡献尚未凸现;旅游市场中民族民俗文化发展部分总体实力不够强,整体经济效益不高、市场竞争力弱;现阶段海南民族民俗文化旅游市场秩序有待进一步规范;民族民俗文化旅游观光线路单一,产品不够丰富;现有民族民俗旅游宣传力度不够,旅游品牌效应不突出。根据存在的问题和发展潜力、趋势分析,提出如下对策:做好民族民俗产品市场定位,选准目标市场;树立海南文化旅游整体新形象,打造、民族文化旅游品牌;加大执法力度,规范旅游市场管理,全面提高旅游从业人员素质;挖掘海南民族文化旅游的内在潜力,突出文化旅游的民族特色和区域特点。%Hainan ethnic folk culture tourism still faces many problems,namely:that special contribution to the development of Hainan's economy has not been highlighted,that comprehensive strength of national tourism market development of folk culture is not strong enough,that overall economic benefit is not high,that market competitiveness is weak,that Hainan ethnic folk culture tourism market order should be further regulated,that eth-nic folk culture tourism route is single and products are not abundant enough,that existing national folklore tourism has not fully publicized and that tourism brand effect is not prominent.Based on existing problems,devel-opment potential and trend analysis,the following measures are offered,namely,achieving good ethnic folk mar-ket orientation,selecting proper target market,establishing a whole new Hainan culture tourism image ,building ethnic and cultural tourism brand,strengthening law enforcement and regulating the tourism market management, improving the quality of tourism professionals,developing the inner potential of Hainan national culture tourism and highlighting the ethnic and regional

  15. The cultural and historical heritage of towns Trebinje and Jajce: A resource for the growth of tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guzijan Jasna

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the possibility of including cultural heritage in cultural and tourist development policies. The tourist potential of historically and artistically significant urban entities will be described and assessed in the paper, with a focus on the cases of Trebinje and Jajce two Bosnian and Herzegovinian towns with preserved historical town cores. The two towns were both founded in the Middle Ages and have developed to this day, with their urban areas continuously expanding and being built up. Their spatial and cultural historical complexes are diverse and multilayered, with various natural and man-made structures dating back to different epochs. They are the greatest cultural monuments and a testimony of the past, of the physical and spiritual development of these communities. Trebinje is an old town located at the intersection of various influences and interests, with a rich and long history which has altered not only the appearance and contents of its town core, but also its significance and its functional impact on the broader surroundings. The Old Town, a surviving historical complex, which originated in the Middle Ages and developed considerably under Turkish rule is one of Trebinje's tourist resources. Nowadays, tourism is becoming one of the world's most important industries, its appeal coming from the natural cultural and historical values of towns and cities. Due to that, the natural cultural and historical values of Trebinje and Jajce can be preserved only if their economic potential is also taken into account.

  16. Tourism native culture infiltration in college English teaching%旅游英语教学中本土文化渗透分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林青

    2015-01-01

    Language is an important tool in daily communication, through communication, communication, people can pass intend to ideas, communication culture, in the simplest and most direct way to let others know, understand Chinese culture. In tourism English teaching, because want to introduce to foreigners Chinese tourist resort, and culture, so pay special attention to teaching requires learners the accumulation of local culture quality and ability, to seek to rely on tourism industry develops, realistic approach to promote Chinese culture. Tourism is a special service for tourism English learners to create learning subjects, graduate from learners tend to have a keen eye and original consciousness, to be able to understand the needs of the customers in the tourism exchanges, tourism industry is high in quality and ability of language professionals. Based on this, this article will combine the real case, and tourism English teaching present situation, analysis how to penetrate into the local culture, in education teaching so as to promote tourism to speed up the development process.%语言是日常交际的重要工具,通过沟通、交流,人们可以传递意愿想法、交流文化,以最简单、最直接的方式让他人了解、认识本土文化.在旅游英语教学中,因为要向外国人介绍中国本土旅游胜地以及文化,所以教学特别关注要求学习者本土文化素质与宣传能力的积累,以谋求依靠旅游业发扬、宣传本土文化的现实路径.旅游英语是一项专门为旅游业服务学习者创建的学习科目,毕业学习者往往拥有敏锐的眼光和独到的意识,能够在旅游交流中明白顾客的需要,是旅游产业中素质高、能力强的语言专业人才.基于此,本文将结合现实案例,以及旅游英语教学现状,分析该如何在教育教学中渗透本土文化,以促进旅游业发展进程加快.

  17. The Developmental Model of Cultural Tourism-Homestay of the Lao Vieng and Lao Song Ethnic Groups in the Central Region of Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supon Chaiyatorn

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Lao Wieng and Lao Songe Ethnic Groups were herded from Lanchang Region to Siam Region. In recent time, they settled down in Central Thailand. The objectives of this research were to study: (1 historical background of Lao Wieng and Lao Songe Ethnic Groups, (2 their lifestyle facilitating tourism and (3 development of cultural tourism model as Home Stay of the Ethnics. Approach: the research area included Pechaburi, Nakonpatom, Saraburi, Supanburi and Kanchanaburi Provinces. The key informants were selected by Purposive Sampling including: 30 experts, 40 practitioners and 50 general villagers. The research design was Qualitative Research. Data were collected by techniques of interview, observation and focus group discussion. They were analyzed by using Triangulation technique. The findings were presented by descriptive analysis. Results: (1 Lao Wieng and Lao Songe Ethnic Groups, were herded from Vientiene City, Lao Country abut 200 years ago. They settled down in Middle Thailand by doing rice farm. For their living, they maintained their traditional culture of community since then, (2 lifestyle facilitating tourism consisted of identity including household, relatives relationship, dressing, language, religious, custom and beliefs, (3 the model of inherited local cultural tourism as Home Stay, each ethnic group should be organized as the following model: For Lao Wieng Ethnic, the conservation and inheritance of local culture should be focused using major lifestyle factor based on household, food and dressing. For Thai Songedam Ethnic Group, major lifestyle factor should be based on lifestyle and cultural factor with identity including living place, food, dressing, tradition, ritual, local item selling and play. Conclusion/Recommendations: The ethnic group identity was necessary for cultural tourism. But, the scenery, culture, custom and tradition with identity should be emphasized so that it would be prominent by focusing on

  18. A specific case in tourism marketing: Rural tourism in the Basque Country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUCÍA MEDIANO SERRANO

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Rural tourism in the Basque Country, which began in 1988, is a way of tourism developed in the rural environment. It develops in agrarian exploitations, and it’s leaded by farmers, who combine their traditional activity with giving another services. Marketing application in this kind of tourism has been very limited, and it’s been directed by Autonomic Administration. Since 1999, the Basque Association of Agrarian Tourism Exploitations Owners, «Nekazalturismoa», has the challenge of impulsing this activity, in which, the consumer orientation has the priority in order to be competitive. All of that must be done respecting the social, cultural and economic environment. Also, to reach this objective, all the participants, both public and private institutions, have to work together in marketing and management subjects.

  19. Economic Impact of Tourism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gabriela PĂDURE; Ion Adrian TURTUREANU

    2005-01-01

    .... Environmentalists are agitated about the damages and carelessness showed by the tourists. Culturally and socially, tourism can impact thedestination country, but its effect cannot be solely attributable to simple tourist activities...

  20. A Model Proposal on the Use of Creative Tourism Experiences in Congress Tourism and the Congress Marketing Mix

    OpenAIRE

    Özen Kırant Yozcu; Orhan İçöz

    2010-01-01

    Congress tourism has a great importance for the extension of the tourism season, enhancement of employment opportunities and tourism revenues, promotion and efficient use of the facilities in the area. Creative Tourism provides an authentic feel for a local culture through informal, hands-on workshops and creative experiences. Ensuring that the attendants of congress tourism take part in creative tourism activities may be an example of the synergy to be achieved by including creative tourism ...

  1. Discussion about Dongba culture under the perspective of tourism anthropology%论旅游人类学视野下的东巴文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李四玉

    2014-01-01

    在文献参考的基础上,首先简要回顾了旅游人类学理论,然后介绍了东巴文化的概念与内容,进而从文化涵化、舞台真实性、历史文化再建构与族群认同三个旅游人类学的视角探讨了旅游对东巴文化的影响。面对旅游业发展中的各种影响,旅游目的地社会如何保持自身文化的独特性,最大限度地保存和发扬民族文化,关键是提升少数民族内部的文化自觉和增强文化自信。在推进社会主义文化强国建设的新政策下,纳西族作为中华民族大家庭中的一员,应该保留发挥东巴文化的特质,吸纳外来文化,与旅游发展机制进行有效对接,促进纳西文化传承与旅游发展的双赢。%Based on literature references, this article first briefly reviews theories of tourism anthropology, after that introduces the concept and content of Dongba culture, and then explores tourism made a great impact on Dongba culture from three tourism anthropological perspectives, namely, culture acculturation, staged authenticity, historical culture re-construct and ethnic identity. Facing to various impacts of the tourism development, how to keep unique culture of tourist destination society, preserve and carry forward ethnic culture most, and the key is cultural consciousness and cultural confidence within ethnic minority. In the policy of promoting socialist cultural power construction, Naxi ethnic minority, as a member of Chinese nation family, should reserve the uniqueness of Dongba culture, absorb other culture, butt joint tourism development mechanism effectively, in order to promote win-win between Naxi culture inheritance and tourism development.

  2. Challenges Facing Customer Patronage of Tourism Destinations in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof

    AN INTERNATIONAL MULTI-DISCIPLINARY JOURNAL, ... the Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism, revealed a total of thirty-five (35) tourism ... problems that bedevil the marketing of tourism destinations in Nigeria ..... Cross River Calabar.

  3. 文化创意视角下乡村旅游开发的策略%Rural Tourism Development Strategy from Cultural Creative Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康杰; 杨欣

    2015-01-01

    在知识经济与体验时代下,消费者对乡村旅游功能凸显为精神与文化的个性化需求,而传统的旅游产品供给多以满足物质的大众型产品,一方面导致了市场的供需矛盾;另一方面,同质旅游产品间竞争异常激烈,乡村旅游的发展亟待转型升级。如何开发乡村旅游才能满足市场需求、突破解决产品间同质化竞争的问题成为推动乡村旅游转型升级的首要难题。笔者从文化创意的视角,在分析中国乡村旅游开发的现状及存在问题的基础上,提出创意思维开发乡村资源、创意设计旅游产品、创新开发模式、创意文化主题活动、创意旅游营销等方面的策略,以满足消费者需求,加速乡村旅游发展的转型升级进程,推动农村地区的经济发展。%This paper firstly analyzed problems of rural tourism: one was the contradictions of the mass material supply and personalized demand of spirit and culture between the consumers and suppliers;the other was the fierce competition among the homogeneous tourism products. The development of rural tourism was confronting the urgent need of transformation and upgrading. How to develop rural tourism to solve product homogenization competition had become the primary problem of rural tourism. Then this paper analyzed the present situation of rural tourism development and problems in China from the cultural creative perspective. Finally, it put forward strategies like creative development of rural resources, creative design of tourism products, innovative development mode, creative culture theme activities, and creative tourism marketing , etc., so as to meet the consumers’demand, accelerate the transformation of rural tourism development and promote the economic development in rural areas.

  4. 茶文化旅游的发展模式探析%Exploration and Analysis of Developmental Modes of Tea Cultural Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林海燕; 刘仲华; 盛敏; 谭斌

    2014-01-01

    Tea cultural tourism has met city dwellers’ requirements of returning to nature by its ecological and peaceful way. In recent years, tea cultural tourism is booming all over the country, and its developmental mode has become diverse. In this paper, three kinds of mature modes for tea cultural tourism had been summarized, including traditional village mode, ecological farm mode and tour park mode, and their main characteristics were analyzed. Moreover, the advanced experiences in developing tea cultural tourism were also summarized.%近年来,茶文化旅游以其生态自然,恬静素雅的休闲方式满足了都市居民回归自然、返璞归真的需求,在全国各地蓬勃发展,其发展模式也日趋多元化。对茶文化旅游中开发较为成熟的传统村落型、生态农庄型以及观光公园型等3种发展模式进行了归纳,分析了各发展模式的主要特点,并总结了其发展茶文化旅游的先进经验。

  5. CITY MARKETING AND ITS IMPACT OVER URBAN TOURISM – SIBIU EUROPEAN CAPITAL OF CULTURE 2007 - A SUCCESS STORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELENA LIDIA ALEXA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the past years tourism has become the fastest-growing economic sector, both in terms of turnover and the opportunity to create jobs. In this context, it begun to be one of the activities with an important potential and, in the same time, a challenge for the development of urban centers which find themselves forced to redefine their identity, due to the decrease of other types of industries under the impact of the global economic crisis and the economic reset. After analyzing the main indicators of the touristic activity in the urban area, it is noticeable that cities have an important percentage in the overall touristic circulation. The future development of this form of tourism is, however, conditioned by the assimilation in the urban management process of marketing strategies meant to allow the development of touristic functions in the main urban localities and of touristic programs designed to bring added value to the cultural attractions for large and small cities alike. Urban marketing comes, in this case, as a natural response to the requirements of the city to better answer the market’s needs and to adjust to the dynamics of the tourist market. The present article aims to analyze the different urban marketing strategies used by urban centers interested in attracting important tourist flows and their impact over their future development, based on the Sibiu case after implementing the “Sibiu - European Capital of Culture” Programme in 2007.

  6. INTERCULTURALITY – A FACTOR OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT (PART 1 - GASTRONOMY IN TOURISM, ATTRACTION OR IMPEDIMENT)

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    In order to transmit a culture without altering it, while creating tourism, cultural and religious products, a variety of details must be taken into account regarding the basic tourism services such as accommodations and food. (gastronomy) These services

  7. Rural Tourism at its Peak: Socio-Cultural Impacts towards Host Communities of Kinabalu Park, Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo)

    OpenAIRE

    Tangit Tania Maria; Md Hasim Ahmad Khairuman; Adanan Akmal

    2014-01-01

    The Kinabalu Park in Sabah (Malaysian-Borneo) represents multiple tourism opportunities for its stakeholders, host communities and tourists. Being the first World Heritage Site in Malaysia endorsed by UNESCO since 2000, this nature-based tourism destination is a popular tourism destination in Malaysia, as well as in the Asia region. The designated study area includes villages nearby Kinabalu Park. Through the popularity of the park and various other attractions within the area, tourism activi...

  8. Residents’ Attitude toward Tourism Development: A Sociocultural Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Sajad Ebrahimi Meimand; Zainab Khalifah; Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas; Abbas Mardani; Amir Abbas Najafipour; Ungku Norulkamar Ungku Ahmad

    2017-01-01

    Host population support for tourism development has attracted the attention of researchers in tourism studies. Given the importance of understanding local community support for tourism development, limitations in understanding their priority and lack of a socio-cultural model of support for tourism, this study attempted to model locals’ support for tourism development based on socio-cultural factors in Malaysian Homestay program. Using extensive literature review, a tourism support model was ...

  9. Egypt Highlighted at International Tourism Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    During the Beijing International Travel and Tourism Market 2006 (BITTM) fair, the Egypt Tourism Authority launched a tourism-promotional campaign, entitled "Egypt Shines for You." To mark the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Egypt, the Egypt Tourism Authority plans to implement a year-long promotional initiative in China to popularize Egypt's tourist destinations and culture. Dr. Nasser Abdel-Aal, Tourism Counselor at the Egyptian

  10. MARKETING CONCEPT APPLICATION WITHIN PROFITABLE TOURISM BUSINESESS OF COUNTRIES IN TRANSITION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES. THE CASE OF ALBANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liljana ELMAZI

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates marketing concept application in the most profitable of tourism businesses in Albania. The total population is defined according to the profitability criteria, whereby the stratified sample of 100 tourism businesses was applied. The research is aimed at gathering primary data by the questionnaire sent via mail.The goal of each economic activity is creating value for the end users. In this context, profit is both a measure of value which the firm has created for the customer and an indicator of how well the enterprise has understood customer needs and translated the understanding into products and services that deliver superior value. From the above stated, the conclusion can be made that the most profitable tourism businesses adopt marketing concept to the largest extent.

  11. The Relationship between Corporate Governance Approach and Internal Audit in Tourism Sector: An Application in Marmaris Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Çağrı Köroğlu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Tourism sector is one of the important sectors in Turkey. Corporate governance is an important tool to increase the efficiency of tourism sector. An effective i nternal audit helps to improve the effectiveness of corporate governance in tourism sector. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between corporate governance and the internal audit at four -star and five-star hotels in Marmaris. First, corporate governance and internal control concepts have been discussed within the scope of the literature. Next, in the application part, for the purpose of our study, four-star and five-star hotels were selected in Marmaris region. A survey was conducted on the hotel managers. The data set is analyzed by using SPSS. The results show significant relationship between internal control and corporate governance. In addition, hotel managements recognize the importance of the both the basic principles of corporate governance and internal audit activities.

  12. 湖南的红色旅游与生态旅游的良性互补%The Benign Complementary between Red Tourism and Ecological Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢翔

    2011-01-01

    In 2011,the development policy of Hunan tourism is that comprehensive promoting Ecological tourism;deeply developing cultural tourism;vigorously developing Red tourism.According to the develop situation of red tourism and ecological tourism,Hunan tourism develop should pay attention to the following two points: Understand and grasp the principle connotation of ecological tourism,highlight its importance and application flexibly in the practice.Perfect typical model of ecological tourism,establish and summarize relevant ecological tourism plan index system.%2011年湖南旅游发展方针的重点是全面推动生态旅游,深度开发文化旅游,大力发展红色旅游。根据红色旅游和生态旅游的发展现状分析,湖南旅游走红色旅游与生态旅游的良性互补发展道路需注意以下两点:1.深入理解把握生态旅游的原则性内涵并在具体实践中做到重点突出灵活应用;2.完善生态旅游开发的典型模型建立并归纳相应的生态旅游规划指标体系。

  13. AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS ON LEVEL OF E-BUSINESS APPLICATION IN PORTS OF NAUTICAL TOURISM IN MONTENEGRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikola Vukčević

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Electronic business in tourism industry plays an essential role in increasing the level of competitiveness in a global, highly competitive tourism market. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to analyze and determine the level of electronic business application in different organizational sectors, among selected ports of nautical tourism in Montenegro. The research is based on data gathered from 150 marina managers through a structured questionnaire. This study included five largest Montenegrin marinas, where three of them are state-owned, while other two are privately owned. This implies a different ownership arrangement, management system and business organization. Analysis results of these different business systems, which perform the same activity, can create a clearer idea of the business organization, investment and achieving economic effects of modern business and the influence that they have on the further development of the yachting industry. The survey was conducted from January to April 2016. The findings suggest that the level of e-business application within Montenegrin marinas is far from desirable. Further analysis has revealed that the main reasons for low level of e-business adoption among ports of nautical tourism in Montenegro are the lack of clear e-business strategy, low level of ICT investments and knowledge among managers. However, the findings contain important recommendations for marina's managers and owners about the potential gains of accepting/using e-business for their businesses and their effects on business performance. Results presented in the study can also provide useful insights for government agencies such as Montenegrin Ministry of Transport and Montenegrin Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, for the formulation of their future strategies and legal frameworks regarding nautical tourism and shipping.

  14. Construction for Cultural Tourism Real Estate --Take Chinese art and cultural city for example%文化旅游地产的建设思考——以中国工艺文化城为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵洋

    2012-01-01

    With the continuous development of tourism, the tourism industry chain continually extended, the rise of tourism real estate is the in- dustry chain is gradually improved performance. Tourism and cultural real estate give a new carrier and platform for the cultural industries. As a case study of Chinese art and cultural city, an attempt to summarize the pros and cons of tourism and cultural development of real estate planning, provide a reference for future development and construction.%随着旅游业的不断发展,旅游产业链条也在不断的延长,旅游地产的兴起正是产业链逐步完善的表现。同时旅游文化地产给予了文化产业一个全新的载体和平台。通过对中国工艺文化城作为案例进行研究,试图总结出旅游文化地产规划开发中的得失,为今后的开发建设提供参考。

  15. Slow Tourism Now and in the Future

    OpenAIRE

    Soininen, Tiia

    2011-01-01

    This thesis consists of a research to a new tourism trend; slow tourism. Tourism industry alters continuously and new forms of tourism are created all the time. The focus was given to slow tourism and travel because it has begun during the last decade in Italy from Slow Movement and it is an encounter to speed travelling and mass tourism. Slow tourism was identified with travelling slowly, living in the local culture and valuing sustainability. The main goal in the research was to find o...

  16. Research on Datong“Buddhism Capital”Tourism Cultural Brand Construction%大同佛都旅游文化品牌建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵彪; 江海旭

    2014-01-01

    大同旅游资源丰富,多为历史文化价值极高的佛教旅游资源。针对当前大同存在城市形象模糊、旅游品牌不鲜明等问题,研究大同佛都旅游文化品牌建设具有重要的现实意义。大同文化特色在北魏辽金,精华在佛教,重点在古都,因此大同可定位于“魏辽佛教文化旅游之都”,以云冈石窟为主体,构筑平城文化体系,以古都为载体,打造大同佛都旅游胜境。%Datong is rich in tourist resources, many of which are Buddhist tourist resources of high historical and cultural value. For the city's image is fuzzy and the tourist brand is not distinguishable, there is much practical significance to study Datong“Bud-dhism Capital” tourism cultural brand construction. Based on the definition of Buddhism tourism culture and tourism cultural brand, this is the first time to study Datong “Buddhism Capital” tourism cultural brand construction, for which we will propose the evi-dences, position the image, establish the slogan, and finally put forward the construction strategies. We wish that this research could be referred by Datong tourism planning.

  17. TOURISM INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Israel Tourism Opens China Office Recently, Israel Tourism opened a China office. Wang Yuzhi, who was appointed the Israeli Government Tourism Office’s China Chief Representative, said that in 2009, Israel Tourism will launch a new promotional cam- paign in China, targeting big cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Hong Kong, and demonstrating a different Israel to the Chinese.

  18. Tales of Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smed, Karina Madsen

    2011-01-01

    Tales of Tourism - Global Changes and tourism discourse by Karina Smed presents us with what has been the dominant discourse of tourism, i.e. a discourse which has had its roots in the West's economic and cultural hegemony and the problem of the formation of identity from the dichotomy "self......" and the "others". The author discusses to which extent tourism discourse is global as the reception of it has been different depending on the context. Moreover, she reflects on the impact upon this global narrative that the new economic world order will have. The new and emergent economies lead to a flow...... of tourists in the opposite direction: from China, India and Russia to western countries and worldwide and this will probably change the concept of tourism and our idea of identities....

  19. Tales of Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smed, Karina Madsen

    2011-01-01

    Tales of Tourism - Global Changes and tourism discourse by Karina Smed presents us with what has been the dominant discourse of tourism, i.e. a discourse which has had its roots in the West's economic and cultural hegemony and the problem of the formation of identity from the dichotomy "self......" and the "others". The author discusses to which extent tourism discourse is global as the reception of it has been different depending on the context. Moreover, she reflects on the impact upon this global narrative that the new economic world order will have. The new and emergent economies lead to a flow...... of tourists in the opposite direction: from China, India and Russia to western countries and worldwide and this will probably change the concept of tourism and our idea of identities....

  20. The discourse of tourism and national heritage: a constrastive study from a cultural perspective

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Departamento de Filología Inglesa. Fecha de lectura: 20-11-2014 This thesis presents a research study in the field of online tourism promotion. It focuses on the national online promotion of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, in two different types of websites –institutional and commercial– from three countries, Great Britain, Spain and Romania. The study analyses the way each country pres...

  1. Exploration of the Tourism Marketing with Cultural Integration Strategy%文化融入策略下的旅游营销探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艺萱

    2013-01-01

    The author reviews the development of China's tourism marketing, firstly summarizes the specific implement-ation strategy of tourism cultural marketing; Secondly, anal-yzes the specific implementation path of urban tourism cultural marketing; Final y, takes Suining and Mount Emei as an exam-ple to explore the success mode of experience and specific im-plementation approach of culture integrate into tourism plan-ing.%  笔者回顾了我国旅游营销的发展,概括了旅游文化营销具体的实施策略;其次,对城市旅游文化营销具体实施路径进行了分析;最后以遂宁和峨眉山为例,探讨了旅游区规划文化融入方面的成功经验模式以及具体的可借鉴实施途径。

  2. 旅游英语教学中如何引入中国传统文化%How to Introduce Chinese Traditional Culture in Tourism English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王君

    2015-01-01

    Students majoring in tourism English are the future pillars of foreign-related tourism practitioners, who undertake important responsibilities to expand cultural exchanges with foreign countries. However, it's worth thinking that Chinese traditional culture is always ignored in recent tourism English Teaching. This paper superlatively works at the problems of Chinese traditional culture in recent tourism English Teaching and brings up correlative strategies and propositions.%旅游英语相关专业学生,是涉外旅游从业人员的后备力量与未来支柱,是对外文化交流的未来重要保障.然而,在当前的旅游英语教学中对中国传统文化出现了忽视的现象,值得我们深思.本文力求探究当前旅游英语教学中中国传统文化教育出现的问题,并就如何引入和加强提出思考.

  3. Handan Idioms and Allusions Culture Based on Tourism Resources Perspective%旅游资源视角下的邯郸成语典故文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常进

    2012-01-01

      Handan is a historical and cultural city in China, and at the same time it’s one of Chinese excel ent tourism cities. During the Warring States Period, Handan is the capital of the State of Zhao, which is located in the farming-pastoral zone. Wars broke here frequently, a large number of idioms output, and Handan becomes the famous city because of idioms and al usions. During the Handan tourism development, we should treat the al usion culture as an important cultural resource and study its tourism development, which can play a role in Handan regional tourism development.%  邯郸是中国历史文化名城,是中国优秀旅游城市。战国时邯郸是赵国的首都,地处农牧交错地带,战争频繁,成语大量产出,成为“中国成语典故之都”。在邯郸的旅游开发中,把成语典故文化作为重要的文化资源来看待,并对其进行旅游开发的研究,可以对邯郸的区域旅游开发起参考作用。

  4. Dynamic Competition and Cooperation of Road Infrastructure Investment of Multiple Tourism Destinations: A Case Study of Xidi and Hongcun World Cultural Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The transportation infrastructure always plays an important role in the development of the local tourism. A system dynamics method incorporated with a destination choice model is proposed in this paper to analyze the dynamic impacts of transportation infrastructure on the tourism development, where multiple tourism destinations share a common market. Tourists’ destination choice behaviors are characterized by a multinomial logit choice model based on the utility of destinations, which depends heavily on the accessibility of destinations that the local administration has strong willingness to improve. The system dynamics method is used to model dynamic interactions among destinations and to simulate the dynamic evolution of the competition on the tourism market. A case study of the World Cultural Heritage Sites, Xidi and Hongcun villages, shows the competition for road infrastructure investment can produce a win-win situation and bring the cooperation on investment due to the positive externality of transport infrastructure and two villages show a tendency to merge into one bigger destination. Finally, the tourism development strategies for two villages are discussed based on the scenario analysis.

  5. Social Life Cycle Assessment as a Management Tool: Methodology for Application in Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Merli

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available As is widely known, sustainability is an important factor in competition, increasing the added value of a company in terms of image and credibility. However, it is important that sustainability assessments are effectively addressed in a global perspective. Therefore, life cycle tools are adopted to evaluate environmental and social impacts. Among these, and of particular significance, appears the Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA, which, although in its early stage of development, seems to have extremely promising methodological features. For this reason, it seemed interesting to propose a first application to the tourism sector, which could be better than other methods, studied in terms of social sustainability data. The particular characteristics of service delivery lend themselves more to the development of data related to social sustainability than other sectors. In this paper the results of a case study carried out using social accounting and business management tools are shown.

  6. Personalized Location-Based Recommendation Services for Tour Planning in Mobile Tourism Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Chien-Chih; Chang, Hsiao-Ping

    Travel and tour planning is a process of searching, selecting, grouping and sequencing destination related products and services including attractions, accommodations, restaurants, and activities. Personalized recommendation services aim at suggesting products and services to meet users’ preferences and needs, while location-based services focus on providing information based on users’ current positions. Due to the fast growing of user needs in the mobile tourism domain, how to provide personalized location-based tour recommendation services becomes a critical research and practical issue. The objective of this paper is to propose a system architecture and design methods for facilitating the delivery of location-based recommendation services to support personalized tour planning. Based on tourists’ current location and time, as well as personal preferences and needs, various recommendations regarding sightseeing spots, hotels, restaurants, and packaged tour plans can be generated efficiently. An application prototype is also implemented to illustrate and test the system feasibility and effectiveness.

  7. 广西西江经济带文化旅游业创新研究%Research on Innovation of Cultural Tourism in Xijiang River Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新静; 孔铎

    2013-01-01

      广西西江经济带文化旅游业面临转型创新发展的新任务。这一地区从客源市场来看,国内市场有很大的开拓空间,入境游客对文化因素的感知还有待提升,存在缺乏整体定位和规划、区域发展差异大、两广诉求不同以及文化公共性等现实问题。从文化旅游业创新发展角度,发展战略重点和空间布局可以概括为四大战略重点、四个重点产业区和四个联动旅游产业区,同时还要考虑建立流域逆梯度发展空间。从机制保障上还应建立生态旅游环境承载力预警机制、旅游服务质量标准体系、旅游生态补偿机制。%  The development of cultural tourism in Xijiang River Economic Zone of Guangxi is faced with new task of transforming and innovating. In terms of tourist market, the domestic market has much room for further cultivation while inbound tourists’ perception of local culture also needs promoting. In general, the cultural tourism in the Zone has long been hampered by such problems as lack of adequate overall plan-ning, huge difference among regions, different requirements of Guangdong and Guangxi and the publicity of culture. From the aspect of cultural tourism innovation, the strategic focus and the layout of the economic zone can be summarized as three Fours: namely, four strategic focuses, four industry zones, and four in-ter-linked tourism zones. And we must consider the founding of basin counter gradient development as well. In terms of mechanism guarantee, it is essential to establish a warning mechanism for eco-tourism environ-ment enduring capacity, a standard system of tourism service quality, and an eco-compensation mechanism of tourism.

  8. Application of Network Analysis for Development and Promotion of Sustainable Tourism in Public Forests

    OpenAIRE

    Brach Michał; Górski Dariusz

    2014-01-01

    The issue of sustainable tourism within valuable natural areas has been extensively discussed ever since the emergence of sustainable development philosophy in the 1990s. In view of growing public interest in nature recreation and tourism development, the importance of addressing this subject matter has hitherto increased significantly. The main objective of the present paper was to offer a tool for supporting development and promotion of sustainable tourism in Poland’s forests managed ...

  9. SUSTAINABLE YACHT TOURISM PRACTICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Figen SEVİNÇ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Yacht tourism has become an important asset for the countries which consider tourism as a means of development due to its environment awareness, national and international investments, the volume of business, employment opportunities, foreign exchange income, socio-economic and socio-cultural impact, and an increasing number of investments and incentives for yacht tourism have made and used in a number of countries. In the presence of such rapid developments, the environmental damage caused by yacht tourism has been of importance for coastal countries, and action plans and special projects involving many countries have been developed in order to enhance the awareness of the sustainability of yacht tourism. Given that environment is not a limited source, it is blatant that national or international sustainable tourism practices have been essential for coastal countries and environmental threats are now so severe that they cannot be overlooked. The purpose of the study is to discuss sustainable tourism practices as a part of the measures to eliminate the negative impacts of yacht tourism and provide relevant suggestions.

  10. Tourism of Khmelnytskyi region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Інна Шоробура

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The peculiarities of tourism in Khmelnytskyi region, its priority areas, types, including cultural-educational, environmental, sportrecreative and others have been revealed in the article. The basic tasks of tourism development in the region, aimed at the formation and protection of the tourism-recreational sector, market of competitive services, attraction of maximum number of tourists to the region, etc. have been cleared out. The attention is focused on the main tourist potential of Khmelnytskyi region, including National Nature Park «Podilski Tovtry», National historical-cultural nature reserve «Kamianets», «Samchyky», Medzhybizh regional historical-ethnographic museum-fortress, sanatorium-resort facilities based on mineral waters and others. The attention is paid to the increase in income from tourism. Traditional hospitality of the population of the region, especially in rural areas, provides the possibility to combine tourists’ accommodation with the study of rural customs and traditions directly in the villages. Tourism in Khmelnytskyi region will be attractive to all tourists who want to eat healthy food, to stay outdoors and enjoy the beauty of the region. Also the article tells us about the development of other directions and familiarizes tourists with other enticements of Khmelnytskyi region using the positive brand of Kamianets-Podilskyi. All three potential areas of tourism development (historical tourism in Kamianets-Podilskyi, recreational tourism on rivers, lakes and in the forests, as well as rural tourism can be combined within the global promotion of nature and traditions of the region. It is indicated that Khmelnytskyi is a promising tourist region of Ukraine. The main problems of the region are inadequate tourism infrastructure, accommodation facilities, food and roads. The experience of the tourism cluster «Oberih» (Protective Charm proves the perspectives of agritourism. Developing these two areas together, we

  11. Rural and historical tourism in Dobrugea

    OpenAIRE

    Elena SIMA

    2014-01-01

    By its geographical location, the rural area from Dobrudgea has a diversified tourism potential, provided by the contrasting natural environmental factors, ranging from the oldest to the youngest relief units, natural protected areas, balneary resources and cultural, historical, religious sites, as well as multicultural local customs and traditions of the rural area. This potential can be used under various forms in the rural area: cultural tourism, historical tourism, religious tourism, ecot...

  12. STEREOTYPICAL FACTORS IN TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina-Elena ALBU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available International tourism has grown rapidly nowdays, contributing to the growth of the global economy. The purpose of this essay is to identify and analyze stereotypical factors in the development of strategies concerning the offer for the tourism industry: the image of a tourist destination, brand, country of origin and customer behaviour. Documentary study was the research method used: representative articles were analysed, as recent as possible, to determine the factors mentioned above. Professionals in the industry of tourism need to understand cultural differences between tourists, as well as those of the host country, to be able to create tourist reception offers that live up to the standards expected by clients.

  13. Marketing of sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. Teletov

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to clarify the concept of «sport tourism marketing», to examine the state of its objects and to determine prospects for development of sport tourism in Ukraine. The paper singles out the role of sport in life; compares different types of cities in terms of provision the infrastructure for tourism development in the field of sports. Authors show the example of the campaign. The results of the analysis. The article deals with sport tourism as a form of total tourism conducted extensive research of sports tourism values compared between typical sports facilities and infrastructure of cities millionaires, large, medium and small Ukrainian cities. The research is based on Sumy. It is shown that it may be attractive for sports, historical and cultural enrichment of professional athletes, children and adolescents, a large group of fans that come to competition. Marketing approaches to the decision of sport tourism problems today represent the ocial, cultural, public and political phenomenon simultaneously and is by phenomenon object of special researches. This increase: shows of sports, attraction to it of children, quantity of the people life, conducting a healthy image, increase of a network sport structures, hotels and other tourist objects. Work is complete scientific and practical work, implemented commission on education, science, culture, tourism, sport and youth policy Sumy Regional Council and is recommended to be involved to realizing for local councils, administrations and City Hall for recovery work in the field of tourism development. The theoretical and methodological developments generalizations made in this scientific work, have a scientific value and practical value and can be recommended for implementation in other regions of Ukraine. Conclusions and prospects for further researches. One of the few areas that still have powerful sports, tourism and how their derivatives – marketing

  14. Pattern of integrated development of cultural tourism resources in International Tourism and Culture Demonstration Zone of Southern Anhui Province%皖南国际旅游文化示范区文化旅游资源整合开发模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程晓丽; 胡文海

    2012-01-01

    Cultural tourism is the mainstream of modern tourism development. Since the in- terrelationship between tourism and culture is increasingly close, how to improve cultural meaning of tourism product is of vital importance to the long-term development of tourism industry all over the world. International Tourism and Culture Demonstration Zone of Southern Anhui Province consists of six cities of Huangshan, Chizhou, Xuancheng, Wu- hu, Ma'anshan and Tongling, as well as Qianshan county of Anqing city, and covers an ar- ea of 38220 square kilometers with a population of 106.96 million. It is listed as the one of the most potential tourism areas in Anhui for its abundance and high-quality in cultural tourism resources. However, many problems have emerged in the zone, to name but just a few, development at a lower level, weak industry chain, unclear tourism images and lack of typical cultural products. By analyzing the present situation and problems in the devel- opment of cultural tourism resources in this demonstration zone, the authors put forward patterns for the integration of cultural tourism resources, which involve regional integration pattern centered on space, product integration pattern based on market, image inte- gration pattern on the basis of marketing, and interaction and development pattern between culture and tourism on the basis of industry.%文化旅游是当今世界旅游发展的主流,旅游与文化的关联度渗透性日益增强,如何提升旅游产品的文化内涵,是世界各地旅游业长远发展的关键问题。皖南国际旅游文化示范区包括黄山、池州、宣城、芜湖、马鞍山、铜陵六市及安庆市的潜山县,辖34个县市区,总面积38220km^2,总人口1069.6万,是安徽省最具开发潜力的旅游板块,文化旅游资源的品位和富集度都很高,但是在开发过程中存在着开发层次较低、产业链条脆弱、整体旅游形象不明、缺乏王牌产品、整合开

  15. The Sustainable Development Research of Rural Tourism from Cultural Perspective in Datong%文化视角下的大同乡村旅游可持续发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华; 邵云芳

    2013-01-01

    This article analysized the development status and existing problems of rural tourism from cultural perspective in Da-tong, and pointed out the sustainable development direction of rural tourism in Datong by exploring the connotation of rural tourism culture and integrating rural tourism culture resources. And it put forward the development strategies of rural cultural tourism in Da-tong in order to improve the economic benefits, social and cultural environment benefits of rural tourism, so as to realize the sustain-able healthy development of rural tourism.%文化是旅游的灵魂,通过发掘乡村旅游的文化内涵和对乡村旅游文化资源的整合,提出大同乡村旅游可持续发展的方向和发展大同乡村文化旅游的策略,从而达到乡村旅游经济效益、社会效益和文化环境效益的共同提高,实现乡村旅游的持续健康发展。

  16. Study on the Ways of Diet Culture Tourism Development in Guizhou%贵州饮食文化旅游发展路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超

    2016-01-01

    贵州拥有丰富的饮食文化,借助旅游发展时代机遇,贵州饮食文化旅游发展逐步受到社会重视。贵州饮食文化旅游发展可更好地推进贵州旅游的深度开发,但还存在自身特色饮食产品体系缺乏、优势饮食产品品牌缺少、饮食文化构建的基础环境落后、游客互动平台缺失等问题。因此提出加大宣传、提升服务质量、构建游客互动平台、提高专业从业人员素质和打造主题公园五个方面的路径,促进贵州饮食文化旅游的发展。%Guizhou is a place with a rich diet culture.With the opportunities of tourism development of the era,the tourism of diet culture in Guizhou is gradually valued by the society.Diet culture tourism can promote the depth of the tourism development in Guizhou.However,diet culture tourism in Guizhou is also facing problems such as lacking its own special diet product system and the famous brand food products,the basic constructions of diet culture is out of date,and there is no interactive platform for tourists.Therefore,in order to promote the development of Guizhou tourism,the author offers a proposal in five ways:intensifying its publicity,improving the service quality,constructing the interac-tive platform for tourists,improving the comprehensive quality of professional employees and building the theme park of diet culture in Guizhou.

  17. Qualitative research, tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ren, Carina Bregnholm

    2016-01-01

    had opened up to new “alternative” paradigms and subsequent methodologies. By the turn of the millennium, qualitative research was increasingly gaining ground and has now become accepted as an essential and valid tourism research strategy to a broader audience of tourism scholars. This is exemplified...... of qualitative research in generating knowledge in and about tourism. In continuation to this, new issues and interests regarding the application and role of qualitative research can also be identified. One is a growing appreciation in business and management of the rich material and knowledge generated...... of qualitative research and knowledge production. Another issue related to the status and practice of qualitative tourism research is the emerging critique of the dichotomous perception of tourism research as either strictly instrumental or purely intrinsic. This understanding of research as divided into two...

  18. Economic Impact of Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela PĂDURE; Ion Adrian TURTUREANU

    2005-01-01

    As the traffic of tourists increased in a particular area, it was observed that environmental and ecological balances were disturbed due to over commercialization. The scenic beauty was made more ‘customer friendly’ and the natural tourism products more accessible and ‘saleable’ by man. Environmentalists are agitated about the damages and carelessness showed by the tourists. Culturally and socially, tourism can impact the destination country, but its effect cannot be solely attributable to si...

  19. 旅游产业集群文化营销机制构建研究%On the Construction of Cultural Marketing Mechanism of Tourism Industry Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王萍萍; 齐永钦

    2013-01-01

      文化营销是旅游产业集群发展的利器,文化营销对旅游产业集群发展具有吸引、维持稳定和品牌建设的重要功能。应从文化营销与旅游产业集群交互关系的角度,构建旅游产业集群的文化营销机制。文化内涵的构建是旅游产业集群创新发展的基础,通过文化传递和进一步的文化整合实现文化营销的升华,并进一步实现文化营销对旅游产业集群发展的引领和飞跃。旅游产业集群的文化营销机制是一个紧密相关、层层递进的体系,在旅游文化与旅游产业集群的交互作用中实现旅游产业的创新和可持续发展。%  Cultural marketing is one of effective means for developing tourism industry cluster, which mainly functions as attracting, maintaining and brand-building. This paper suggests possible ways to construct a cultural marketing mechanism from the perspective of interactive relation between cultural marketing and tourism industry clusters. Cultural connotation is the basis of innovative development of tourism industry clusters. Through cultural transmission and further integration, we can realize the perfection of cultural mar-keting, as well as historical breakthroughs in cluster development under the guidance of the cultural promo-tion. The cultural marketing mechanism of tourism industry cluster is a closely-knit and gradational system, which helps achieve innovation and sustainable development of tourism industry in the interaction between its culture and the cluster.

  20. Learning to Be a Culturally Responsive Teacher through International Study Trips: Transformation or Tourism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santoro, Ninetta; Major, Jae

    2012-01-01

    Recent rapid changes in the ethnic and cultural make-up of school communities have highlighted the need for teacher education to prepare teachers for culturally diverse contexts. International study trips provide direct experience and interaction with culturally diverse "others" as a way to extend pre-service teachers' understandings of…

  1. Implications of climate change for tourism in Australia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amelung, B.; Nicholls, S.

    2014-01-01

    This study assesses the impacts of projected climate change on Australia's tourism industry. Based on application of the Tourism Climatic Index, it investigates potential changes in climatic attractiveness for Australia's major destinations, and discusses implications for tourist flows and tourism

  2. THE POTENTIAL AND CHALLENGES OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM IN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Flaviu Doru Neaga

    2015-01-01

    When talking about the concepts of tourism potential and heritage tourism, tourism professionals are using different terminologies and concepts, both in form and content. The tourism potential of a given space is defined as "all natural components, cultural-historical, socio-demographic, technical and economic, scientifically recognized, quantitatively, qualitatively, proven through practice and showing the possibilities for tourism and give specific functionality for tourism, to the extent t...

  3. TOURISM INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Tourism First for Aba A tourism market regulatory body has been established in the Aba Zangzu Qiangzu Autonomous Prefecture, which is located in the northwest of Sichuan Province and along the southeastern fringe of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

  4. Energy, tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Frantál, B.

    2015-01-01

    The chapter provides a general definition of energy and resume the role and environmental impacts of tourism as one of the largest global industries and energy consumers.Then the energy tourism nexus is conceptualized from three perspectives: The first is energy as a driver of tourism. The second is energy as a constraint of tourism. The third is energy as an attraction and object of tourists´interests.

  5. Arthroplasty tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Ian K; Wilson, Anthony

    The practice of "medical tourism" is gaining popularity. Lower costs and shorter waiting times are compelling motivating factors. There are also increasing commercial interests promoting medical tourism. There are very limited clinical data to support or refute this practice. However, medical tourism breaks important elements in the traditional health care model, including patient selection, continuity of care, and practice auditing. When complications arise, challenges specific to medical tourism patients may be encountered.

  6. 绿洲旅游文化景观资源场域生成机制探析%Field formation mechanism of oasis tourismculture landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄佛君; 段汉明; 金海龙

    2012-01-01

    Based on the Bourdieu's field theory,the national economic cultural landscape,social cultural landscape and cultural landscape of the spirit were created by the oasis nationality.The fields of oasis cultural landscape are constituted by the mosque(the Islamic culture and spiritual space field),Bazaar(physical space field) and the social space.The mechanism of conformation,the structure model,the evolution mechanism of tourism culture landscape of oasis were explained and interoperated.The field of oasis,the sub-field of cultural landscape of Muslim-Bazaar-social space were explained.And the oasis tourism generation mechanism,the structure model,the evolution mechanism also were interoperated and deduced.The depth of oasis cultural tourism resources development and protection could provide theoretical reference.%绿洲是干旱区特有的一种景观,绿洲的封闭性、分散性,惟水性,使得每一绿洲都是一个完整的文化景观场域,文中以布尔迪厄的场域理论为基础,以绿洲自然景观为基底,以绿洲为元场,以清真-巴扎-社会空间文化景观为子场,诠释、演绎了绿洲旅游文化景观的生成机理、结构模式、演变机制,以期为绿洲民族文化旅游资源的深度开发利用与保护提供理论参考。

  7. The Impact of Entrepreneurial Characteristics and Organisational Culture on Innovativeness in Tourism Firms

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Doris Gomezelj Omerzel

    2016-01-01

    .... Therefore, our research tries to examine the influence of different individual entrepreneurial characteristics and organisational culture dimensions on corporate innovativeness and any direct subsequent company growth...

  8. INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION IN TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Elena ALBU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Communication is involved in all social life acts, being the constituent factor of creation and of cultural processes. Cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue are intensely discussed topics in today's society which is marked by globalization. Cultural differences are the core subject for studies addressing intercultural communication. Good knowledge of other cultures is a necessary step to get to recognize the nature of these differences and to relate to others through attitudes of understanding and tolerance which are premises for genuine intercultural dialogue, especially in the tourism industry. While communication is an act of human relationships, culture is the motive of this act. In tourism, quality of communication is related to the level of the culture involved and to the degree of improvement of the means of which is done. Intercultural communication experiences help tourists to know and to appreciate other cultures, but also help them to a better understanding of their own culture.

  9. Inside the Pleasure Dome: Cultural Tourism on Australia’s Gold Coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Carson

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2018 the City of the Gold Coast in south-east Queensland, Australia, will host the next Commonwealth Games.  The City is made up a 57 km stretch of coastline and hinterland divided by a major highway. The famous surfing beaches are framed by high-rise development while the hinterland is marketed as a green, unspoilt environment.  The winning bid for the Games, and discussion about future infrastructure and marketing of the region’s attributes, has focussed attention on the way City residents and policy makers think about their region in broad terms. Whereas in the past tourism marketing has been directed towards the pleasures of sun and surf by day and bright lights by night, various regional tourist stakeholders are beginning to reorient their programs. This paper considers some of the competing aims of the various stakeholders in this region and the interaction of existing ‘cultures’ with new technology and the demands of permanent residents, using data from a case study of e-literary trails developed in Brisbane, the capital city of Queensland. The importance of tourist imaginaries as a basis for using rich accounts of the past for future planning is emphasized.

  10. Sports Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gozalova Marina

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This article is devoted to sports tourism. The purpose of this article is to examine theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. Material and methods. In this part the authors develop the idea of the role of doing sports and keeping fit. For anyone who really wants to be healthy, fitness has become an integral part of their lives. Results. The purpose of this research is to study theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. On the basis of their research the authors come to the conclusion that sports and tourism are interconnected. There are important factors affecting the situation of sports tourism in Russia. The paper examines sports tourism attractions in Russia. Conclusion. The authors conclude that there exists a high correlation dependence of foreign and domestic development of sports tourism on resources allocated for sports infrastructure. All in all, sports tourism tours draw visitors to their favorite sporting event, facility, or destination throughout the world.

  11. Social Prosperity Perception in Cultural Tourism Destinations: the Case of Peña de Bernal, Huejotzingo and Yuanhuitlán, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luis Ramos García

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The present quantitative study with a descriptive design tries to determine the conditions of "social prosperity" of three Mexican cultural tourist destinations, Yanhuitlán, Huejotzingo and Peña de Bernal. These places face similar conditions in aspects like marginalization and poverty but with activities like tourism have tried to reverse these adverse conditions. The objective was to know the perception of their population about the improvement of their living conditions as a result of the tourist activity through the application of surveys carried out in the chosen destinations. The instrument used was a questionnaire with a Likert scale to facilitate the response of the informants and the processing of the information. For the validity and reliability of the measurement instrument a factor reduction analysis and a Cronbach's alpha were elaborated, after which a one-way ANOVA was elaborated to know the differences of means taking the Bonferroni and Scheffe tests. The results show a significant difference between the averages of destinations in how residents perceive prosperity in the selected tourist destinations.

  12. Cultural Tourism in Transnational Adoption: "Staged Authenticity" and Its Implications for Adopted Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroz, Pamela Anne

    2012-01-01

    The discursive practices of adoptive parents in two online transnational adoption forums (2006-2008) and observations of five international adoption workshops suggest that what Heather Jacobson described as "culture keeping", the cultural socialization of children that retains a sense of native group identity, is more aptly characterized as…

  13. Cultural Tourism in Transnational Adoption: "Staged Authenticity" and Its Implications for Adopted Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroz, Pamela Anne

    2012-01-01

    The discursive practices of adoptive parents in two online transnational adoption forums (2006-2008) and observations of five international adoption workshops suggest that what Heather Jacobson described as "culture keeping", the cultural socialization of children that retains a sense of native group identity, is more aptly characterized as…

  14. Compare current and desired state of tourism in Iran, and its role in business development and entrepreneurship culture in the country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Khanpour

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Tourism development can be a large role in the employment and development of the culture of work and entrepreneurship. The purpose of this paper is to compare the existing situation and favorable tourism industry in Iran and its role in the development of entrepreneurship and business culture in the country and check the necessary infrastructure to develop the industry .In this study, the purpose of the type of functional and qualitative and quantitative approach is. Research methods and data analysis, descriptive statistics, as well as through statistical inference is. Statistical inference including t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient and to prioritize infrastructure test is performed the relevant investigation Friedman .The statistical population consists of experts and technical and professional education organization of professionals in the country and the Organization's cultural heritage and tourism .The results obtained show that the relationship between Infrastructures, there are significant with each other, both to and through the difference between Friedman's test Infrastructures there And the most important skill infrastructure and economic infrastructure have the least importance.

  15. 浅析酒文化旅游资源开发%Analysis of Developing Tourism of Wine Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽君

    2013-01-01

    As a kind of special tourism resources, wine culture covers local branded wines, ceremony and customs about wines, wine con-tainers, historical sites, masterpieces and figures related to wines and making processes. With varieties of wine-related products and local realities, we should research and develop wine culture tour by balancing economic growth, the environmental care and resource conserva-tion. We should work to build brands and innovate products featuring wine culture while giving attention to tourist's on-spot involvement, festivities and learning successes and lessons from foreign peers of sustained development.%我国的酒文化作为一种特殊的旅游资源,包括地方名酒、酒礼与酒俗、酒器、历史遗迹、酒与名人名作、酿酒工艺等内容。酒文化旅游资源在其开发方法方面具有多样性和独特性,在开发过程中要综合考虑经济、环境和能效等因素,突出酒文化特色,树立品牌意识;加强游客的参与性、体验性;充分挖掘文化内涵,进行全方位的创新与发展;注重节事活动的带动作用;借鉴国外成功的经验,开发与保护相结合。

  16. Tourism in Maramureº, between Desire and Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Sabou Simona

    2013-01-01

    Maramureº County is regarded as having the greatest potential for tourism, according to the study "Data about the cultural and tourism potential of localities in Romania", conducted by the Center for Research and Consultancy in the Field of Culture in Bucharest. So, approaching this theme is logical. This paper presents the main tourism attractions of the county, its tourism infrastructure, the number of tourists, tourism investments. In this respect the latest information from the National I...

  17. Tourism Methodologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This volume offers methodological discussions within the multidisciplinary field of tourism and shows how tourism researchers develop and apply new tourism methodologies. The book is presented as an anthology, giving voice to many diverse researchers who reflect on tourism methodology in different...... in interview and field work situations, and how do we engage with the performative aspects of tourism as a field of study? The book acknowledges that research is also performance and that it constitutes an aspect of intervention in the situations and contexts it is trying to explore. This is an issue dealt...

  18. Dark Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Bali-Hudáková, Lenka

    2008-01-01

    This thesis is focused on the variability of the demand and the development of new trends in the fields of the tourism industry. Special attention is devoted to a new arising trend of the Dark Tourism. This trend has appeared in the end of the 20th century and it has gained the attraction of media, tourists, tourism specialists and other stakeholders. First part of the thesis is concerned with the variety of the tourism industry and the ethic question of the tourism development. The other par...

  19. Dark Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Bali-Hudáková, Lenka

    2008-01-01

    This thesis is focused on the variability of the demand and the development of new trends in the fields of the tourism industry. Special attention is devoted to a new arising trend of the Dark Tourism. This trend has appeared in the end of the 20th century and it has gained the attraction of media, tourists, tourism specialists and other stakeholders. First part of the thesis is concerned with the variety of the tourism industry and the ethic question of the tourism development. The other par...

  20. THE ROLE OF NATURAL PARKS IN TOURISM DIVERSIFICATION PROCESSES: AN APPLICATION TO THE ALICANTE COASTLINE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Margarita Capdepón Frías

    2015-01-01

    .... In this context, Frias stresses the importance of revaluing natural parks located along the Alicante province coastline as a strategy for the diversification of the tourism supply provided by mature...

  1. The Classification of Wine Culture-oriented Tourism Resources%酒文化旅游资源的分类研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李林; 洪雅文; 罗仕伟

    2015-01-01

    在遵守同属性、对应性、层次性、系统性原则分类逻辑的前提下,参照《旅游资源分类、调查与评价》(GB/T18972—2003)中旅游资源分类的方法并结合酒文化和旅游资源的实际,按照酒文化旅游资源的表现形式即资源的形态来划分,将旅游资源分为自然旅游资源和人文旅游资源两大类。在此基础上,按照酒文化旅游资源的要素进一步划分,将酒文化旅游资源分类体系划分为3个层面:2个主类(自然资源、人文资源);9个亚类(酿酒原料种植园、水体、生物、酒历史古迹、特色建筑类、社会风情等);25个基本类型。%In compliance with the classification principles of the same attributes, correspondence, hierarchy, and systematicness, and with refer-ence to the classification methods in Tourism Resource Classification, Investigation and Evaluation (GB/T 18972-2003) in combination with local actual situations of wine culture and tourism resources, in this paper, wine culture-oriented tourism resources was classified into two cate-gories including natural tourism resources and human tourism resources according to its manifestation forms. On this basis, the elements of wine culture-oriented tourism resource were further divided into three levels:two main categories in the first level (natural resources and hu-man resources), nine sub-categories in the second level (wine-making material plantations, water environment, environmental microbiology, wine-making history and historical sites, architectural buildings, and social customs etc.), and 25 basic types in the third level.

  2. Editorial Introduction. After the Carnival: Tourism and Community Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovel, Hermione; Feuerstein, Marie-Therese

    1992-01-01

    Considers the following questions: How is tourism linked to community development? Who benefits economically? What is the impact on the environment? Does tourism promote respect for other cultures, or does it trivialize cultural differences? (SK)

  3. A cultural interpretation of ethnic tourism: Case study of Honghe Hani Rice Terrace

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, Tom; Zhang, Ying; Chan, Jin Hooi

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses the challenges to ensure sustainable development in the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Honghe Rice Terraces in Yunnan, China. It takes a cultural interpretation of minority ethnic views on environmental conservation and protection.

  4. THE NIGHT OF MUSEUMS - A BOOST FACTOR FOR THE CULTURAL DIMENSION OF TOURISM IN BUCHAREST

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Daniela Dumbraveanu; Anca Tudoricu; Ana Craciun

    2014-01-01

      The Night of Bucharest Museums has initially been a quite isolated, museum focussed and rather individualistic event which has progressively developed over the past ten years into a cultural process...

  5. TOURISM'S CHANGING FACE: NEW AGE TOURISM VERSUS OLD TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molnar Elisabeta

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Times are changing and so are the demands and expectations of the 'new' traveller, the search for different experiences, different adventures, different lifestyles has paved the way for this concept called the 'new tourism' Attention is being turned to exploring new frontiers or daring to go where traditional thought did not allow. "New" tourists however, are increasingly being seen to be environmentally sensitive, displaying respect for the culture of host nations and looking to experience and learn rather than merely stand back and gaze. "New" tourists are participators not spectators. Things that would never appear on the list of the "mass" tourist such as adventure, getting of the beaten track and mingling with the locals are now the foundations of the new tourist experiences. Responding to the shift in market dynamics towards a "New" style of tourist, a number of initiatives have or are likely to fuel the growth of experiential tourism, these include: network tourism initiatives; the development of interpretive highways; the explosion of interpretive centers;the latest trend towards regional base camps. A new era has arrived, and a new kind of tourism is emerging, sustainable, environmentally and socially responsible, and characterized by flexibility and choice. A new type of tourist is driving it: more educated, experienced, independent, conservation-minded, respectful of cultures, and insistent on value for money. Typically these tourists are turning away from travel and prefer to have a high level of involvement in the organisation of their trip.

  6. Optimization under uncertainty with applications to personnel management problems in tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nechval Nicholas A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A large number of problems in production planning and scheduling, location, transportation, finance, and engineering design require that decisions be made in the presence of uncertainty. In the present paper, for improvement or optimization of statistical decisions under parametric uncertainty, a new technique of invariant embedding of sample statistics in a performance index is proposed. This technique represents a simple and computationally attractive statistical method based on the constructive use of the invariance principle in mathematical statistics. Unlike the Bayesian approach, an invariant embedding technique is independent of the choice of priors. It allows one to eliminate unknown parameters from the problem and to find the best invariant decision rule, which has smaller risk than any of the well-known decision rules. In order to illustrate the application of the proposed technique for constructing optimal statistical decisions under parametric uncertainty, we discuss the following personnel management problem in tourism. A certain company provides interpreter-guides for tourists. Some of the interpreter-guides are permanent ones working on a monthly basis at a daily guaranteed salary. The problem is to determine how many permanent interpreter-guides should the company employ so that their overall costs will be minimal? We restrict attention to families of underlying distributions invariant under location and/or scale changes. A numerical example is given.

  7. The Tourism Education Futures Initiative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dredge, Dianne; Schott, Christian; Daniele, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, it has become increasingly obvious that tourism education needs serious rethinking. Surging growth in tourism arrivals and receipts, going strong since the middle of the twentieth century, spurred a proliferation of tourism programs in higher education to meet the demands...... of the burgeoning industry. As more complex understandings about tourism began to emerge, however, it became clear that equating the industrialization and growth of tourism with social and economic progress was far too simplistic – indeed, increases in visitation and receipts do not always reap positive benefits....... Simultaneously, rapid socio-cultural and economic changes are afoot, which are rendering the future increasingly uncertain. The jobs of today are markedly different from those of yesterday, and it seems certain that those of tomorrow will be different still. Students entering the tourism sector, with its high...

  8. Cultural and touristical wells: questions about the relation between the block Maria Rosa and tourism in the carnival of Itabuna, Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Muniz Ferreira Nogueira

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This work intends to relate aspects of theoretical fields of Culture, Communication and Tourism, trying to verify the representation in terms of tourist attractiveness, as well as of its communicative processes with the spectator/tourist, of traditional cultural elements – as the example of the Maria Rosa carnival block, one of the oldest components of the popular culture of grapiúna society. It is assumed, in this text, that the new trends of the carnival modify the semantic values of the cultural expressions and its uses, these yielding place to aesthetic and mass representations, being the tourism a factor that comes to influence in this dynamics of recreation of meanings. However, about the cultural aspect, considered here as an instrument of sustentation of the party, the tradition seems to resist the current model of the cultural industry, being capable to define itself as an important way of extending the carnival attractions, dialoguing with the economic and politic interests, and preserving the collective memory under shield of the carnival’s scene.

  9. 论贵州安顺屯堡的饮食文化与旅游开发%On Tunbao Catering Culture and Tourism Development in Anshun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜成材

    2012-01-01

    Catering culture varies from region to region and from nationality to nationality.In light of analysis generative mechanism of catering culture,concerns are placed on the relations between Tunbao catering culture and culture-supported life environment. Based on this,the article probes into the approaches for integrating Tunbao catering culture with tourism development and adopts effective development strategies so as to develop catering culture and tourism in Anshun.%每个民族、每个地域都有自己特有的饮食文化。通过对贵州省屯堡地区饮食文化生成机制的分析,关注屯堡饮食文化及支撑文化的生活环境之间的关系,在此基础上探究屯堡饮食文化与旅游开发融合的路径,采取有效的开发策略,实现饮食文化旅游开发目的。

  10. Land, Environmental Externalities and Tourism Development

    OpenAIRE

    Ibáñez, Javier Lozano; Palmer, Javier Rey-Maquieira; Gómez, Carlos Mario Gómez

    2004-01-01

    In a two sectors dynamic model we analyze the process of tourism development based on the accumulation of capital (building of tourism facilities) and the reallocation of land from traditional activities to the tourism sector. The model incorporates the conflict between occupation of the territory by the tourism facilities, other productive activities and availability of cultural, natural and environmental assets that are valued by residents and visitors. We characterize the process of touris...

  11. Socio-economics impacts of tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Filiposki, Oliver; Ackovska, Marija; Petroska Angelovska, Neda; Metodijeski, Dejan

    2016-01-01

    Tourism is a global phenomenon in which different cultures, nations and races intertwines, in order to satisfy the tourist as a content consumer. Tourism sector contributes a lot to the overall world economy, and society. Tourism is the economic division that continually evolves in any national economy, the statistical data represent that 2010-2014 it was developed by over 3% annually. Tourism is also a branch that does not absorb the benefits of the national economy, but it...

  12. A Research into the Revolution of Suzhou’s Tourism Culture According to the New Forms of Tourism%基于新型旅游方式的苏州旅游文化变革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高建国

    2015-01-01

    苏州旅游文化有遗产丰富、管理完善、目标单一、短线为主等特点。随着新型旅游方式的不断涌现,苏州旅游业需要转变观念,努力开发新型旅游产品,打造“江南水乡”和“苏州雨巷”等新型景观概念,出版分类旅游地图册,建设苏州旅游文化书店和苏州(江南)土特产工艺品大卖场,研发更先进的智能“旅游通”,全方位提升苏州旅游文化形象。%The tourist culture of Suzhou boasts of the features of the rich heritage resources, complete management, single destinations and short-distance itineraraies. Suzhou tourism needs to change concept, and make efforts to develop new tourism products and create the new concept of landscape such as“Jiangnan Water Township”and“Suzhou Rain Lane”and so on, to publish classiifed tourist maps, to establish Suzhou tourist culture bookstores and Suzhou (Jiangnan) native craf ts mall, to research and develop a new generation of intelligent“travel pass”, so as to improve the general tourist image of Suzhou.

  13. A Case Study of Ethnic Minorities as Tourism Entrepreneurs: Their Involvement in Sustainable Tourism Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceren Miral

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Most tourism activities excluding the e-tourism activities as matter of their nature (service taker and provider take place face to face between people. In addition tourism activities encourage bonding people both for tourists and the tourism services providers. Tourism creates cohesion for many different cultural groups. One of the cities in Turkey, Izmir is a good example with including too many culturally oriented groups such as Levantines, Greek, Jewish, rarely Armenians. In this paper there are two research questions are hold; how is being the other (ethnic minority as tourism entrepreneurs in tourism industry in Izmir and their involvement in sustainable tourism development is investigated and if tourism activities help connecting different cultural groups together and closer is investigated. So regarding these research questions, the research methodology in this paper is qualitative. For that reason, semi structured interview technique is applied to people are belong to different cultural groups and identities whom entrepreneurs in tourism industry. Semi structured interview technique is a commonly used an interview method depending on providing deep understanding of participants` perceptions, thoughts and behaviors. In general, understanding of the other brings feeling respect to others` cultural beliefs and lifestyle and this will make peace and harmony to where they live together. As a result, with the light of these research questions being the other entrepreneurship in sustainable tourism development in Izmir is evaluated. Furthermore, in this research is tried to indicate the advantageous and disadvantageous and importance of different cultural groups for sustainable tourism development

  14. Application Research on Tourism E-Business in Qinhuangdao%秦皇岛市旅游电子商务应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李荣香; 胡铁; 李志学

    2011-01-01

    The wide application of e-business in tourism makes tourism e-business be a new competitive business model in tourism industry. This paper describes current situation of tourism e-business application in Qinhuangdao City, analyzes problems of tourism e-business applications and proposes solutions for the development of tourism e-commerce reference in Qinhuangdao.%电子商务在旅游业的广泛应用,使旅游电子商务成为旅游业内一种有竞争力的新经营模式.本文从介绍秦皇岛市旅游电子商务应用现状入手,分析秦皇岛市旅游电子商务应用存在的问题,并提出相应的解决方案,供秦皇岛市旅游业发展电子商务借鉴.

  15. 山西省文化旅游资源的特征与文化产业发展模式%Characteristics of cultural tourism resources and the modes of cultural industry development in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙玉梅; 秦俊丽

    2011-01-01

    文化旅游是当今世界旅游发展主流,如何提升旅游资源中的文化底蕴,是世界各地旅游业长远发展的关键问题.山西省有着丰富多样的文化旅游资源,如何提升旅游资源中的文化底蕴,实现旅游与文化很好联姻,引领文化产业的发展,成为山西旅游业向前发展的必经之路.通过对山西文化旅游资源开发利用现状与特征的分析,提出了基于山西文化旅游资源合理开发利用的文化产业发展的五种模式,即以旅游产业开发与文化产业互动发展模式,以古建筑和古遗址为主的保护性开发模式,以影视、演艺和民间艺术为主的市场性开发模式,以文化体制机制创新为主的多元投融资模式和以政策为依托的政府引导模式等.处理好文化旅游资源开发与保护的关系,采取政府引导和市场主导相结合的方式推动山西文化产业的健康持续发展.%Currently, cultural tourism is a mainstream in the development of tourism in the world. Shanxi has rich in cultural tourism resources. It is the only wayout for Shanxi to enhance the sightseeing resources to take the lead in the development of the cultural industry so that its tourism and culture could be blended. Based on the analysis of the current situation of the development and utilization of the tourism resources in Shanxi, the authors believe that in the development of the cultural industry this province should take five different modes according to local conditions, namely, the interactive development mode of tourist industry and cultural industry based on the development of cultural tourism resources, the protective development mode focusing on ancient buildings and sites, the market development mode that is centered on movies, performing arts and folk arts, the multiple investing & financing mode focusing on the innovation of cultural systems and mechanisms and the government-guiding mode relying on policies, etc. In the process of the

  16. Urban cultural landscapes, opportunity for the conservation of heritage and the sustainable tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Antonio Zárate Martín

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows the relevance of the “urban views” and of the “inner urban scenes” as motivation for the tourist visit of the historical cities and the necessity to develop strategies for its putting in value like tourist product. The “urban cultural landscapes” would generate wealth and employment, and, therefore, they would be an alternative to policies that put the intensives uses of the ground in front to considerations of identity and cultural type. That will be the only way to stop the threats that overfly the urban cultural landscapes, in spite of we are far from the periods of fast population increase and strong urbanization like was the 1960 years and the second half of the 1990 until 2007.

  17. The Application of Rewriting in Cultural Transfer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏洁

    2016-01-01

    In the context of globalization, cultural exchange is frequently conducted between countries in translating activities. Comparing with linguistic transfer, cultural transfer is frequented applied as to achieve communicative equivalence. Studies of rewriting applied as a method of cultural translation from Chinese to English are still relatively weak in the field of translation in China. Exclusive research on the methods for cultural translation is still uncompleted. In the last decade, when comes to cultural elements in translation, methods as restoring sounds, adding extra explanation, or detecting equivalent concepts have been most-ly discussed, but rewriting is rarely involved in it. This thesis reviews previous definitions for rewriting or adaptation;analyses the difference between linguistic transfer and cultural transfer, and why rewriting is adopted as an effective method for cultural translation;the application of rewriting will break up the dominance of occidental culture in the world while make oriental cul-ture become influential in the western world.

  18. 龙岩市文化创意旅游产业发展对策研究%On Development of Creative Cultural Tourism in Longyan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张强

    2013-01-01

    文化创意与旅游业的结合已成为推动各地经济社会发展的强劲动力。龙岩市文化创意旅游产业的发展应立足于自身资源的条件,在政府扶持下,大胆创意,打造品牌,创新节庆活动,突出特色,错位发展。%An integration of creative ideas with cultural tourism has become a strong drive force for the development of local economy. Longyan shall take advantage of its abundant resources, draw upon creative ideas, hold various festivals and cerebrations so as to create a brand and promote the staggered development of local tourism, which means development in a coordinated and complementary way.

  19. The Study of the Development on the Folk Culture Tourism of Bouxcuengh Clothing%壮族服饰民俗文化旅游开发探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧艳; 陈燕君

    2013-01-01

    Bouxcuengh clothing is the most direct show of Boux-cuengh folk culture, the national dress of benign development and utilization of the Bouxcuengh folk tourism can form a benefi-cial impact. In this paper, Nanning, Guangxi specific tourism de-velopment envisaged for the specific object of study commenced.%  独特的壮族服饰是壮族民俗文化最直接的展现,民族服饰的良性开发利用对壮族民俗旅游能够形成有益的影响。本文以广西南宁为具体研究对象展开具体的旅游开发设想。

  20. 泰山文化旅游商品设计开发探究%An Exploration for the Development of Commodities of Cultural Tourism in Mountain Tai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱琳

    2015-01-01

    At present, there’s an immature market of commodities for cultural tourism in Tai’an city and they are with small sale volume. In this paper, the author proposes these related questions through systematic summaries and attempts to redesign commodities for cultural tourism by means of different forms of art language——shaping, color and texture. The advanced art languages integrated with the splendid culture of Mountain Tai will be added into the designing and redesigning process to create typical and marketable commodities related to cultural tourism of Mountain Tai and consequently, to propel the economic and cultural development in Tai'an city.%本章针对泰安旅游购物比重低,泰山文化旅游商品市场不成熟这一现象,对泰山文化旅游商品中所存在的问题进行了梳理,提出了通过对泰山文化旅游商品的造型、色彩和肌理这些艺术形式语言再设计的方法,把先进的艺术设计语言和丰富的泰山历史文化内涵融入到文化旅游商品中去,创造有象征和推广性的泰山文化旅游商品,以此带动泰安文化和经济发展。

  1. The cultural heritage tourism in the city of Heidelberg, Germany: Plans, motivations and realities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira Pires Daniel Vítor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, heritage has been responsible for the visibility that a large number of cities around the world have been getting as regards affirmation and differentiation of places. This also increased the number of cultural tourists that visit those cities worldwide. In this struggle for affirmation and differentiation, Heidelberg has quite an advantage, since the city's cultural heritage, as well as its unique atmosphere, have been spread by the Romantic Movement in the 19th century and it still happens nowadays, after more than two hundred years. But is Heidelberg indeed a city that receives cultural tourists? In this article, through an exploratory study, we intend to characterize the tourists that visit the city, to understand if the defined politics, actions and events taken by the different institutional authorities (like the Heidelberger Marketing and City Town hall, among others are getting the expected results. Through literature review and question­naires completed by the city's tourists, based on a probabilistic random sample and semi-structured interviews, we expect to trace the evolution of the policies defined, and compare those to the type of tourists that actually visit the city. As a preliminary result, we concluded that there is a difference between the tourist profile defined by the institutional authorities with responsibilities in the promotion and communication of the city's cultural heritage assets, comparing with the tourists that actually visit the city. This is the result not only of the motivations and effective length of the visits, but also in the lack of alternative or multiple visit narratives and routes for the cultural heritage city's assets.

  2. 广西北海老城文化生态旅游开发研究%Research on Cultural and Ecological Tourism Development of Guangxi Beihai Old Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘长英

    2011-01-01

    Cultural and ecological tourism is the higher level of experiencing tourism that goes beyond other tourism forms.Guangxi Beihai Old Town is endowed with rich and distinctive cultural and ecological tourism resources and thick historical accumulation.Based on sustainable development concept of strict protection,moderate development,cultural inheritance and sustainable utilization,an analysis is taken up on cultural and ecological tourism development of Guangxi Beihai Old Town in terms of diversified compound development factors such as culture,community,tourism and economy.By combining present situation and development trend as well as the problems in the cultural and ecological resources development,the article probes into connotation and significance of development models for cultural and ecological tourism resources.%北海老城有着丰富而极具特色的文化生态旅游资源。基于"严格保护、适度开发、传承文化、永续利用"的可持续发展理念,解析北海老城文化生态旅游的文化、社区、旅游、经济等多元复合的发展要素。结合历史文化生态资源的开发现状、发展趋势及存在的问题,探讨北海老城文化生态旅游的统筹开发问题。

  3. Tourism and Environmental Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Peter

    1994-01-01

    Proposes that tourism should be part of the environmental education curriculum. Discusses the significance of tourism, the impacts of tourism on the environment, the concept of sustainable tourism, and tourism in education in the United Kingdom. (MDH)

  4. Cultural Tourism Grafting, Design and Responsibility:with Special Reference to the Tourism-promoting Project“Slow Life of Taizhou Watertown”%论旅游中的文化嫁接、设计及其责任--以“泰州水城慢生活”旅游项目推进为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张树俊

    2014-01-01

    旅游景观吸引力和旅游产业的发展与文化含量密切相关,增强旅游的文化含量是提升旅游层次的必然要求。泰州水城慢生活旅游的发展与层级的提升所依靠的正是文化的力量。以文化提升旅游层级,要搞好文化资源与旅游项目的嫁接,精心进行活动项目的情境设计、情感激发和节奏控制;要进行旅游深度与景区魅力角色体验设计、文化渗透设计、对应互补设计,努力提高景观吸引力,满足游客多元化需求;要提升旅游品质,增强社会责任,充分发挥旅游文化的“化人”功能,促进旅游事业的持续发展。%Cultural-bounded character plays an important role in promoting the attraction of tourism spots and developing tourism industry, and the enrichment of culture in tourism is a must in enhancing tourism. Slow Life of Taizhou Watertown is a case in point. To promote tourism level, the cultural resources and tourism projects must be grafted, and the tourism scenario designed with care, emotion triggered and the tourism rhythm controlled. Tourism deep involvement, role experience designing, cultural penetration deigning, corresponding complementary design shall be carried out to improve the landscape attraction and meet the diverse demands of tourists. To develop tourism steadily, the quality of tourism must be improved, the social responsibility strengthened and the function of sour-transformation given full play to.

  5. [Application of niche theory in evaluation of main tourism scenic areas in Zhangjiajie City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Yan-ping; Xiang, Chang-guo; Chen, You-lian

    2010-05-01

    Five tourism scenic areas in Zhangjiajie City were selected as research objects, and fifty kinds of resource conditions affecting the development of tourism scenic area were taken as evaluation indices. Through disposing and consolidating the indices level by level, an analysis was made on the niche breadth and niche overlap of the five tourism scenic areas at three levels (I, II, and III). In the five scenic areas, index level had significant effects on the niche breadth (F = 10.278, P = 0.006), but less effects on the relative niche breadth, suggesting that in the evaluation of the development potential of tourism scenic area, relative niche breadth was more reasonable than absolute niche breadth. From level III to level I, the niche overlap of the five scenic areas was increasing, indicating that level choice would affect the evaluation of the actual niche overlap of the scenic areas. With the progressive refinement of the indices to certain level, and when the difference between observed and Monte Carlo-simulated Pianka indices achieved to significant level, this index level could be used as the minimum standard of the refinement, and the simulated niche overlap could be taken as an important reference in the competition evaluation of tourism scenic area.

  6. Cultural gastronomy and tourism: An exercise to the Brazilians touristic attractions divulgation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliner Da Maia Alves Aliner

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present job integrated the “Brazilians cultural flavors and known fair”,   developed during the touristic events subject in the tourist management career of Santa Maria Federal University, which has as objective involve the students in all the execution stages of a touristic divulgation event. To the event were prepared stands by the students, in which has scripts and visual material from each region with the regional attractions, for example: historical zones, museums, cultural houses, parties, typical gastronomy, handicraft and typical products, fairs and typical markets, local knows and makes. As an activity results the class could grasp better the preparation of each stage of a touristic divulgation event, the necessity a good script and support material preparation about the typical culinary attractions, and the main motivation of this event is the direct contact with the target audience what generate a fundamental return to a good touristic activities planning.

  7. Analysis on the Tourism Development of Ethnic Food Culture Resource in Northwest of Guangxi%桂西北民族饮食文化资源旅游开发探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦海燕

    2016-01-01

    The ethnic food culture resource in northwest of Guangxi is rich and distinctive and is precious cultural tourism resources . However ,the diet food culture resources in tourism development are lack of local characteristics . Other problems inadequate cultural development ,poor participation and publicity . Much work needs to be done in excavating its cultural connotation , highlighting the characteristics , developing the diet in experiential tourism , strengthening the propaganda and by combining with medical tourism we can develop national food health care products and realize the interactive development of tourism and food culture .%桂西北民族饮食文化资源丰富,特色鲜明,是珍贵的人文旅游资源。但是,目前饮食文化资源旅游开发存在缺少地方特色、文化开发和参与性不强、宣传力度不够等问题,需挖掘内涵、突出特色,开发饮食参与体验性旅游,加强宣传以及与医疗旅游相结合、开发医疗保健民族饮食产品,以实现旅游业与饮食文化的互动发展。

  8. Denmark, tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falk, Lars; Justenlund, Anders

    2016-01-01

    a definitive access to the knowledge in the field of tourism, hospitality, recreation and related fields. All actors in this field will find reliable and up to date definitions and explanations of the key terms of tourism in this reference work. Tourism is the largest industry worldwide and is the main source......This encyclopedia is the most comprehensive and updated source of reference in tourism research and practice. It covers both traditional and emerging concepts and terms and is fully international in its scope. More than 800 contributions of over 200 internationally renowned experts provide...... of income for many countries. With both, this practical impact of tourism and a rapidly developing academic field, with a growing number of university courses and degrees in tourism, and a flourishing research, this encyclopedia is the epicenter of this emerging and developing discipline....

  9. Cities as Creative Spaces for Cultural Tourism: A Plea for the Consideration of History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Walker

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El turismo cultural es un gran negocio a nivel internacional. Las partes interesadas en los destinos turísticos trabajan incansablemente, como es de esperar, con el fin de desarrollar marcas e imágenes que inciten a la visita a los turistas de cultura. Sin embargo, cuando las partes interesadas en este proceso no dan prioridad al conocimiento de sí mismo que tienen las comunidades receptoras del turismo, se compromete la integridad cultural e inevitablemente surge una distorsión cultural. El objetivo de este artículo es el de reflexionar sobre la cuestión de la congruencia entre la marca turística y la experiencia turística, y pedir que la historia se considere en los procesos de imagen, marca e interpretación. Se llega a la conclusión de que el uso efectivo de la historia puede iluminar el conocimiento de sí mismo que tiene la comunidad receptora, creando beneficios tanto para el turista de cultura como para la comunidad.

  10. 基于消费文化视角下历史村镇的旅游发展研究%Under The Theory Of Consumer Culture Tourism Development Of Historical And Cultural Towns And Villages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱佳; 戴彦

    2016-01-01

    As the material consumption to the aesthetic and cultural values, is quietly changing historical resources conservation and reuse. Aiming at the phenomenon that the rural tourism development history in view of consumer culture interpretation about the present situation of development of rural tourism history, reveals the crisis of lack of cultural connotation behind the current tourism development mode, and put forward the experiential consumption and cultural expression under the interaction adaptability and commercial development of aboriginal cultural tourism development way for this kind of life.%随着物质消费向审美和文化消费价值观念的转变,新的消费文化正悄然改变着历史资源保护与再利用的方式。文章针对历史村镇旅游开发这一现象,以消费文化视角,通过对消费文化本身及在保护与发展方面的解读,揭示了历史村镇旅游开发热潮背后,存在着大众对当地文化内涵片面认知以及文化保护价值观的缺失的危机,据此,文章提出在旅游产业与文化保护协同发展下的相应策略。

  11. 云南彝族婚俗文化旅游创新开发策略%Strategies for Innovation and Development of Marriage Custom and Culture Tourism in Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷群

    2014-01-01

    Yunnan Yi marriage with its distinctive national and local characteristics,colorful and u-nique Yi marriage custom culture resources and great development potential. With the Yunnan tourism"do poineering work the two times" to promote,Yi marriage custom culture more and more into the cultural tourism product,the capitalization of ethnic culture tourism development in Yunnan minority areas has be-come an important way,the national culture protection and inheritance. Through the analysis of Yunnan Yi nationality customs and culture characteristics and cultural tourism value and tourism development status and existing problems,put forward the development countermeasures of Yunnan tourism innovation mar-riage culture of Yi people,and promote the sustainable development of Yi nationality customs and culture in modern society.%云南彝族婚俗具有鲜明的民族特色和地方特色,多彩而独特的彝族婚俗文化资源开发潜力较大。随着云南旅游“二次创业”的推进,越来越多的彝族婚俗文化转化成文化旅游产品,民族文化资本化成为云南民族地区旅游发展、民族文化保护和传承的重要途径。通过分析云南彝族婚俗文化的特点及其旅游文化价值、旅游发展现状及存在的问题,提出云南彝族婚俗文化旅游创新开发对策,促进彝族婚俗文化在现代社会中的可持续发展。

  12. From cultural to creative tourism: urban and social perspectives from Oaxaca, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Barrera-Fernández

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos os turistas culturais tornaram-se interessados em atividades relacionadas com experiências, interagindo com os produtores para ser parte das atividades cotidianas dos moradores, o que levou ao desenvolvimento do turismo criativo. Historicamente, a cidade de Oaxaca, no México, teve um ambiente multicultural e criativo, e desses novos visitantes vimos como a oferta local tem aumentado rapidamente seguindo esta tendência. A partir de uma perspectiva urbana, o objetivo da pesquisa é avaliar se as atividades criativas criaram um bairro criativo e se esta área é diferente da área turística cultural consolidada. Para isso, analisamos a distribuição das atividades relacionadas ao turismo cultural tradicional e novas atrações criativas, mostrando duas tendências: por um lado há uma densificação de atividades na área turística pré-consolidado, mas por outro lado há uma extensão da área turística graças ao interesse crescente destes turistas na busca de autenticidade e do alternativo.

  13. Madagascar Tourism Sector Review : Unlocking the Tourism Potential of an Unpolished Gem

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    The island nation of Madagascar has a treasure trove of tourism assets, ranging from wildlife viewing to beach tourism to cultural encounters. Yet despite its undeniable tourism potential, its growth has been severely stunted by years of political instability and lack of action on necessary policy reforms and initiatives. While there is much that needs to be done for Madagascar to fulfill ...

  14. Research on the Development of Cultural Tourism in Jining:an Experience Economy Perspective%体验经济视角下济宁市文化旅游开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李培军

    2014-01-01

    在体验经济时代,体验正成为一种新的价值源泉。文化旅游是当代旅游业发展的新潮流,济宁市拥有丰富的文化资源,为开展体验性文化旅游提供了可能。论文以体验经济理论为指导,针对济宁市文化旅游资源开发中存在的问题,提出济宁市文化旅游的开发要构建体验主题、注重产品深度开发、设计体验式活动项目、营造体验氛围、加强体验营销等策略。%Experience is becoming a new source of value in the experience economic time. Cultural tourism is a new trend of the development of the contemporary tourism. Rich cultural resources of Jining make it possible to develop experience cultural tourism. Based on the theory of experience economy, this paper discusses problems in the development of cultural tourism resources of Jining, and proposes the following strategies: to build an experience theme of Jining cultural tourism, to emphasize the product development strategy, to design the experience activities, to create an experience atmosphere, and to strengthen the experience marketing.

  15. 中国历史文化名城旅游研究进展%RESEARCH PROGRESS OF HISTORIC CULTURAL CITIES TOURISM IN CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱树伟; 苏勤

    2009-01-01

    Through retrieving relative research literature since 1994, this paper reviews and analysis research con-tents, aspects and the stages of China's historic cultural cities tourism. The analysis shows that the research fo-cused on Historic Cultural Cities resources and the assessment of environmental quality, measurement and impact, tourism market and the image, tourism development and protection of Historic Cultural Cities and other research areas, qualitative research methods is more than quantitative. On the basis of learning research results from for-eign, attach importance to the summary of basic theory, innovative research methods, strengthen reseach on tourist utilization of Historic Cultural Cities. Besides, it is that tourism management systemis and mechanism, vis-itor behavior and attitude, intangible cultural heritage is research emphasis in future.%通过对1994年以来相关研究文献的检索统计,从研究学科、研究内容与研究阶段特征等方面对当前中国历史文化名城旅游研究现状进行了回顾;分析表明研究内容集中在名城旅游资源与环境质量评估研究、名城旅行测量与影响研究、名城旅游市场与形象研究、名城保护与旅游开发研究及其他研究等领域,研究方法应定性为主、定量较少;今后应在充分借鉴国外研究成果的基础上,重视基础理论的总结,不断创新研究方法,强化名城旅游利用的研究,名城旅游管理体制与经营机制、游客行为与感知态度及非物质文化旅游是今后研究的重点.

  16. 我国历史文化名城旅游研究综述%A Review of Researches on Tourism in China’s Historic and Cultural Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜太芹; 董培海

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of tourism industry and the gradual improvement of resident consumption in China, tourism of historic and cultural cities, as a core component of tourism products, is taking an increasingly important position. To gain a thorough understanding of development and research results about tourism in China’s historic and cultural cities, this paper conducts a systematic review and analysis in terms of protection of historic and cultural cities and tourism development, the tourism market and industrial development, tourism planning and image design, tourism environmental quality assessment and sustainable development. And it puts forward suggestions concerning the deficiencies in the researches, such as strengthening theoretical researches, promoting community participation, expanding the scope of regional cooperation, and proper commercialization.%随着我国旅游业的快速发展和居民消费水平的逐步提高,历史文化名城旅游作为我国旅游产品核心组成部分的地位日趋突显。为了全面了解我国历史文化名城旅游的发展动态及研究成果,本文从名城保护与旅游开发、旅游市场与产业发展、旅游规划与形象设计、旅游环境质量评价与可持续发展等方面进行系统综述和分析,并针对我国历史文化名城旅游研究的不足提出加强理论基础研究、加大社区参与力度、扩大区域合作范围和适度商业化等建议。

  17. Tourism communication: the translator’s responsibility in the translation of cultural difference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirella Agorni

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Tourist discourse can be considered as a specialised type of cross-cultural communication. The subject of this work is the degree of intervention translators are asked to exercise in order to achieve successful communication. Their task is not that of demonstrating their knowledge on specifi c subjects, as, rather, their capacity of mediating it, so as to make it available to a type of tourist who is necessarily different from that targeted by the original work. Hence, translators should learn to dose the amount of information tourists will be able to take in. Theoretical assumptions will be illustrated by means of a comparison between a tourist text in Italian and its translation into English. It will be demonstrated that translators’ decisions at linguistic and explanatory level allow a more or less substantial degree of reader involvement, and consequently affect the promotion of tourist destinations.

  18. Exploring cultural connectedness in the sustainability of rural community tourism development in Jamaica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernest Taylor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El enfoque de la investigación sobre la sostenibilidad del turismo rural comunitario en Jamaica a menudo gravita hacia los componentes económicos, ambientales, políticos y de gestión. Este estudio etnográfico explora cómo dos grupos distintivos- Charles Tow Marrons, descendientes de los esclavos combatientes de la resistencia y Seaford Town Germans, descendientes de trabajadore contratados en Alemania-están explotando su cultura por medio del turismo rural comunitario a la moda nuevas fuentes de sustento. La discusión se ofrece detalles sobre cómo la gente se basan en su pasado para generar tangibles e intagibles productos de turismo cultural. Se destac la cultura significados tiene para los habitantes rurales en relación con el sentido del lugar, la identidad y el desarrollo del turimo rural comunitario sostenible.

  19. Evaluation on Community Participation in Folk Cultural Tourism---A case study of Manchu folklore tourism in Yongling town%民俗文化旅游的社区参与评价--以永陵镇满族旅游为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟玉权

    2014-01-01

    Effective community participation in folk cultural tourism has special significance for the promotion of cultural heritage protection, the healthy development of tourism industry and the harmony of society. Based on the theoretical exploration of community participation in folk culture tourism and the study on community participation in tourism in Yongling Town, Xinbin Manzu autonomous county of Liaoning province, the paper maintains that im-proving community participation in folk cultural tourism should enhance residents′ communi-ty culture identification, make full use of education training means and non-government or-ganizations to improve the ability of community participating in folk cultural tourism, and es-tablish favourable policy to promote community participation for the purpose of improving community participation.%社区有效参与民俗文化旅游对促进民俗文化遗产的保护、旅游业的发展以及社会和谐有着特殊意义。提高民俗文化旅游的社区参与度应增强居民对自身文化的认同感,要充分利用教育培训手段和发挥民间社团组织的作用、提高社区居民参与民俗文化旅游的能力,并通过政策引导和各项机制保障,来达到提高参与效果的目的。

  20. Market segmentation in tourism: An application of the Schwartz's value theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veljković Saša

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is one of the fastest growing economic sectors. As nowdays tourism market is characterized by rapid changes and strong competition, the struggle for tourists represents everyday issue which tourist entities face with. In the past few decades, tourism demand has significantly been changed. From the unified and mass, it has become highly informed, personalized, with different individual requirements and preferences. Market segmentation occurs as an inevitable process in delivering appropriate value to tourists. To achieve better business outcomes, tourism businesses are looking for ways to make their offer suitable for tourists needs. The aim of this paper is to show if there is an impact of the value system on the consumer decision-making in choosing travel arrangements. The survey was conducted on a sample of 168 respondents, who were primarily selected from the population of students of the University of Belgrade. In order to answer the research questions, Schwartz's system of values model was used. Thus defined value system was used as the basis for segmentation of the tourist market. The survey showed that based on such segmentation, tourist can be divided into four clusters: 'individualists', 'modest traditionalists', 'hedonists' and 'social adventurers'.

  1. Residents' support for tourism development: The role of residents' place image and perceived tourism impacts

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitrios, S.; Biran, Avital; Sit, Jason; Szivas, E.M.

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on the triple bottom line approach for tourism impacts (economic, socio-cultural and environmental) and adopting a non-forced approach for measuring residents' perception of these impacts, this study explores the role of residents' place image in shaping their support for tourism development. The tested model proposes that residents' place image affects their perceptions of tourism impacts and in turn their support for tourism development. The results stress the need for a more flexib...

  2. Cultura popular e Turismo: O Ceará nos anos 1970 / Popular Culture and Tourism: Ceará, Brazil, in the 70’s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Amélia Rodrigues de Oliveira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 O artigo analisa o processo de atribuição de valor econômico à cultura popular, a partir da sua vinculação à atividade turística. Até a década de 1950, a cultura popular era entendida socialmente, apenas como um elemento constitutivo da identidade brasileira, calcada nos ideais de pureza e autenticidade. Com a criação de órgãos como o Banco do Nordeste e a Sudene, o governo federal tenta inserir o Nordeste na lógica de desenvolvimento capitalista, e começa a ver na produção popular uma possibilidade de gerar renda a partir do investimento na produção artesanal. O desenvolvimento do turismo influenciará na inserção das tradições populares no circuito econômico como atrativo turístico. Popular Culture and Tourism: Ceará, Brazil, in the 70’s - This paper analyzes the process of assigning economic value to popular culture and its link to tourism. Until the 1950's, popular culture was understood socially in an ideal of purity and authenticity, as a constitutive element of national identity. With creation of institutions such as Banco do Nordeste and Sudene, federal government intends to include the Brazilian Northeast in the capitalist development logic, and see the popular production as a possibility to generate income from investment in craft production. Tourism development will mark the insertion of popular traditions in the economic circuit as a tourist attraction.

  3. Communist heritage tourism and red tourism: concepts, development and problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COSMIN CIPRIAN CARABA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The second part of the 20th century has been marked by the competition between capitalism and communism. The “Autumn of Nations” put an end to the Eastern Bloc, but each former communist country in Central and Eastern Europe still possesses heritage sites reminding of the communist period. These heritage sites are turning into major tourist attractions, being sought by western tourists. Halfway around the world the Chinese Communist Party is trying to develop Red Tourism, a specific type of cultural tourism, based on heritage sites of the Chinese communist revolution. While the two tourism types use communist heritage as primary resource there are several differences between them. The study compares European communist heritage tourism with Chinese “Red Tourism”, analyzing their emergence, development and the problems they face, especially regarding heritage interpretation. This paper will try to provide a theoretical base for studying communist heritage tourism in former communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  4. TOURISM INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Shapotou Tourism Zone Located southeast of the Tengger Desert,20 km from Zhongwei City in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,the Shapotou Tourism Zone borders the Yellow River,and features a unique landscape combining water and sand.Huge waves,precipi- tous cliffs and an oasis in the seas of sand make

  5. TOURISM INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Philippine Tourism Takes Off This July 2 marked the third anniversary of the establish-ment of the Beijing Office of the Philippine Department of Tourism. As part of the celebra-tions, the office held a press conference at the Swissotel Beijing Hong Kong

  6. Folklore tourism: a case study Chodsko

    OpenAIRE

    Opička, Radek

    2013-01-01

    The objective of bacalary work is to demarcate a Chodsko region for using in tourism sphere with the conservation of etnographic aspect of region. It is there dealing with a question of tourist profile, tourist behaviour and his influence to local environment. A socio- cultural environment is threated through negative tourism phenomenons and processes. Positive tourism phenomenons and processes reinforce a socio-cultural environment and help to keep a local traditions. The top of influence of...

  7. İzmir İli İçin Turizmin Yeri ve Geliştirme Önerileri(The Importance of Tourism For İzmir and Suggestions For Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İge PIRNAR

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is a literature review, which consists of tourism management and tourism applications of İzmir. It analyzes the current situation, and brings alternative solutions to improve it. First part of the paper analyzses the current tourism supply and demand of the city. The possible improvement patterns of tourism demand of İzmir and suggestions are presented in the last part of the paper.As one of the most beautiful cities in the world, it seems like İzmir can not receive the revenues and importance it deserves from tourism industry. İzmir has a unique history, has many natural and cultural attractions and with the help of strategic planning and implementation of alternative tourism types and clever management, it is possible to increase the tourism demand for İzmir.

  8. Farm Tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blichfeldt, Bodil Stilling; Nielsen, Niels Christian; Nissen, Kathrine Aae

    2011-01-01

    This paper draws on a study of one specific type of small tourism enterprises (i.e. farm tourism enterprises) and argues that these enterprises differ from other enterprises in relation to a series of issues other than merely size. The analysis shows that enterprises such as these are characterized...... by blurriness of boundaries between „home spheres‟ and work situations as well as by a unique blend of commercial and private hospitality. Furthermore, the study shows that „social‟ motivations and non-monetary benefits gained through host-guest interactions are of great importance to the hosts. In particular......, our study suggests that it is problematic to threat farm tourism enterprises as if they have much in common with both larger corporations and other types of SMTEs. Farm tourism enterprises seem to differ significantly from other enterprises as the hosts are not in the tourism business because...

  9. Research on Integration Development and Practical Channels of Tourism and Culture%旅游与文化融合发展及其实践途径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤婷

    2011-01-01

    The integration of tourism and euhurae was the inevitable trend and requirements of itourism industry development. Based on the dialectical ,elation ef tourism and culturae this paper analyzed the integration development of , tourism mid culturae Finally,proposed the path of integration development of tourism and cuhurae:enrich the cultural intension of tourism produts,enhance lasting charm, raise the excellent level,thus enhaning the cultural influence and competitiveness of tourism destination.%旅游与文化的融合是旅游产业发展的必然趋势和要求。在阐述文化与旅游辩证关系的基础上,对旅游与文化的融合发展进行了分析,最后提出了丰富旅游产品的文化内涵,增强传统建筑文化的持久魅力,提高人文环境的优化水平,进而提高旅游目的地文化影响力和竞争力的文化旅游融合发展实践路径。

  10. Cultural Heritage and the Sustainable Development of Tourism%文化遗产和旅游的可持续发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Tourism brings challenges as well as opportunities to heritage preservation and heritage sites management. While affecting the preservation of culture and heritage values, and asserting impacts on societies, local communities and intangible heritages, tourism also provides opportunities for development in that it creates infrastructures that can benefit the local. The UNESCO has been long dedicated to the protection and development of cultural and natural heritages, creating prospective tourism, admitting cultural diversity, and emphasizing the positive influence of tourism on heritage preservation. The "Good Tourism" that the UNESCO has been promoting calls for a range of actions to be undertaken including to consider issues of authenticity and integrity, regularly assesse sites such as World Heritage sites, monuments, historical buildings, national parks and museums, raise public awareness about new tourism products and less-visited sites, and improve the experience for the visitors, so as to serve human well-being, protect and conserve natural and cultural heritage, and support and strengthen economic and social development, which will benefit cultural heritage preservation and the sustainable development of tourism.%旅游业给遗产保护与遗产地管理带来了机遇与挑战。旅游业对维护文化和自然遗产价值,对社会、当地群众及非物质文化遗产均有影响,也给当地遗产设施发展与保护带来机遇。联合国教科文组织始终致力于文化与自然遗产的保护与弘扬工作,开创有前瞻性的旅游业,承认文化多样性原则,强调旅游业在促进遗产保护等方面的有效作用。其创意城市网络主推的“善行旅游”,严格遵循原真性与完整性的原则,通过对世界文化遗产、纪念碑、历史建筑、国家公园、博物馆等各类景区定期评估,提升公众关于新旅游产品及旅客稀少遗址的意识,提升

  11. Error Analysis on C -E Translation of Huizhou Cultural Tourism Texts%徽州文化旅游文本英译失误分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方梅; 纵兆荣

    2014-01-01

    According to Christiane Nord’s analyzed model,the errors in the translated version of Huizhou cultural tourism texts can be divided into four types,namely pragmatic,cultural,linguistic,and text -specific translation errors.The analysis of the existing problems can help the translators avoid making such errors as well as drawing the attention of the authorities,thus improving the quality of Huizhou cultural tourism translation.%按照功能翻译理论专家克里斯蒂安·诺德对翻译失误的分析模式,可将徽州文化旅游文本英译本中既存的众多失误归纳为四类:即功能性翻译失误、文化性翻译失误、语言性翻译失误和文本特有的翻译失误。对翻译失误及其原因进行分析有助于翻译人员自觉避免失误的产生,并引发政府相关部门的关注,从而完善徽州文化旅游翻译。

  12. 我国非物质文化遗产的旅游开发及保护%Tourism Development and Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈艳云

    2012-01-01

    非物质文化遗产是一个国家和民族得以存在过的重要标志。然而随着工业化进程的逐步加快,非物质文明正逐步被钢筋混凝土所掩埋直至灭亡。为此,本文将以我国非物质文化遗产作为一项旅游资源的开发与保护作为议题,以期在促进我国旅游业发展的同时,使得非物质文化遗产得以受到保护。%Intangible cultural heritage is an important symbol and existence of a nation. With the gradually accelerating the process of industrialization, however, non-material civilization is gradually reinforced concrete buried until extinction. Therefore, this article will be China's intangible cultural heritage as a tourism resource development and protection as an issue, its in the same time to promote the development of tourism in China, making the intangible cultural heritage to be protected.

  13. Cultural Basis and Conditions of Weifang’s Sea Salt Tourism%潍坊发展海盐旅游的文化积淀和条件

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊芳

    2014-01-01

    Sea salt is Weifang’s cultural tourism resource with strong regional characteristics. Weifang does not only possess sea salt myths and legends with far-reaching influence, but also has other sea salt cultural icons, such as salty place names and Shuangwangcheng Site. Besides, salt production there has existed for a long time and is well-developed. All these are the cultural basis and reliable conditions for the development of Weifang’s sea salt tourism.%海盐是潍坊具有浓厚地域特色的文化旅游资源。潍坊不仅有影响深远的海盐神话传说,还有咸地名、双王城遗址群等海盐文化符号,同时还有持久、发达的盐业。这些都是潍坊海盐旅游发展的文化积淀及坚实可靠的条件。

  14. Scientific Tourism in Armenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tashchyan, Davit

    2016-12-01

    The Scientific Tourism is relatively new direction in the world, however it already has managed to gain great popularity. As it is, it has arisen in 1980s, but its ideological basis comes from the earliest periods of the human history. In Armenia, it is a completely new phenomenon and still not-understandable for many people. At global level, the Scientific Tourism has several definitions: for example, as explains the member of the scientific tourist centre of Zlovlen Mrs. Pichelerova "The essence of the scientific tourism is based on the provision of the educational, cultural and entertainment needs of a group of people of people who are interested in the same thing", which in our opinion is a very comprehensive and discreet definition. We also have our own views on this type of tourism. Our philosophy is that by keeping the total principles, we put the emphasis on the strengthening of science-individual ties. Our main emphasis is on the scientific-experimental tourism. But this does not mean that we do not take steps to other forms of tourism. Studying the global experience and combining it with our resources, we are trying to get a new interdisciplinary science, which will bring together a number of different professionals as well as individuals, and as a result will have a new lore. It is in this way that an astronomer will become an archaeologist, an archaeologist will become an astrophysicist, etc. Speaking on interdisciplinary sciences, it's worth mentioning that in recent years, the role of interdisciplinary sciences at global level every day is being considered more and more important. In these terms, tourism is an excellent platform for the creation of interdisciplinary sciences and, therefore, the preparation of corresponding scholars. Nevertheless, scientific tourism is very important for the revelation, appreciation and promotion of the country's historical-cultural heritage and scientific potential. Let us not forget either that tourism in all its

  15. Study on the Tea Brand Development in Hongan County from the Angle of Culture Tourism%基于文化旅游视角的红安县茶业品牌开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石芬芳

    2012-01-01

    借助公共管理学、旅游学、品牌学、茶学等相关学科知识,运用文献资料、统计分析等方法,从文化旅游视角对红安县茶业品牌的资源优势和存在的问题进行深入剖析.提出了红安县茶业品牌开发的对策,结合红色旅游文化进行茶叶品牌形象设计、结合生态旅游进行品牌生产基地建设、充分整合资源培植茶业品牌笼头企业、结合红色文化旅游开展茶旅游产品加工研制、结合红色文化旅游开展茶业品牌宣传与营销、制定激励政策增加茶业品牌开发的资金投入.%Based on knowledge of subjects including public administration, tourism, brand and tea, etc., the resources advantages and problems of tea brands in Hongan county were analyzed according to literature and statistic from the angle of culture tourism. And counter-measures for tea brand development in Hongan county were put forward as follows, brand image design combined with red tourism culture, brand production base construction integrated with ecological tourism, leading tea producing company planted by organizing the resources, process of tea tourism souvenir combined with red tourism culture, propaganda and marketing of tea brand combined with red tourism culture, and policy made to stimulate the investment in tea brand development.

  16. ANT, tourism and situated globality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jóhannesson, Gunnar Thór; Ren, Carina Bregnholm; van der Duim, René

    2015-01-01

    are used to define as the separate spheres of nature and culture. This paper explores and relates the central tenets of ANT in tourism with regard to the concept of the Anthropocene. It presents the ANT approach as a flat and object-oriented ontology and methodology and explores its potentials to carve out......In recent years Actor-network theory (ANT) has increasingly been felt in the field of tourism studies (Van der Duim, Ren, & Jóhannesson, 2012). An important implication of the meeting between ANT and tourism studies is the notion of tourism being described as a heterogeneous assemblage of what we...... viable descriptions of the collective condition of humans and more-than-humans in the Anthropocene. Also and moving past a merely descriptive approach, it discusses it as a useful tool to engage with the situated globalities which come into being through the socio-spatial coupling of tourism...

  17. 基于符号吸引理论的广南地母文化旅游开发%Earth-mother Culture Research and Tourism Development of Guangnan Based on Semiotic Attraction Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐尤龙

    2014-01-01

    地母文化是遍布于世界各地由原始崇拜演化而来的文化现象。笔者在对我国地母文化旅游资源的调查研究过程中,将符号吸引理论运用于广南地母文化旅游区的旅游规划设计,为广南地母文化符号的旅游产品开发提供科学依据。%Earth-mother Culture is a universal cultural phenomenon over the world everywhere evolved from primitive worship. Used to tourism planning of Guangnan’s earth-mother culture tourism district, the semiotic attraction theory provides scientific guidance to tourism product develop-ment of Guangnan.

  18. TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Ionela Butnaru

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and sustainable development are the subject of many initiatives and public or private debates in Romania. The main problem to which these initiatives try to find an answer is mostly related to the income generation for the local communities by using rationally and efficiently the local potential, in agreement with the economic, social, natural, and cultural factors. Consequently, some measures should be taken, and the tourist sector as a whole needs all the methods of sustainable development: new technologies, change of social behaviour, change of environmental legislation, methods of environmental management, better planning and development of control procedures. In this article, we presented a model of tourism development which should be applied in all the regions of great tourist attraction, and we realised a synthesis of the socio-economic advantages of sustainable tourism.

  19. Qualitative research, tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ren, Carina Bregnholm

    2016-01-01

    various methods, which seek to deploy more inductive and explorative approaches. Such methods include interviews, participant or non-participatory observations, focus groups, text and discourse analysis, photo and video documentation or elicitation, semiotic studies, autoethnography, and virtual...... ethnography (nethnography). More recently, attempts have been made to explore relations between the performing arts and social science, e.g. through innovative methods such as poetry and virtual curating. Ontology, epistemology and methodology As a multidisciplinary field, tourism research has incorporated...... attention to tourism as a cultural and socio-material phenomenon as opposed to merely an industry or an area of study confined to business economic and management. Instead of seeking immediate results or closure, it also attends to tourism realities (and research) as sensibilities, as ways to relate...

  20. Innovation in the function of growth and development of tourism industry in tourism market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mllićević Snežana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In an era of intense competition, the tourism industry must continually search for new creative ideas to meet the needs of different consumer segments in order to ensure their loyalty. Innovations are a very important factor in the competitiveness of the tourism market, for individual tourism enterprises, so as well as for whole tourism destinations. All segments of the tourism industry must continuously innovate their tourism offer to ensure distinctiveness and market differentiation against the competition. The aim of this paper is to indicate, through practical examples in the tourism industry, especially in the hotel industry and the air transport industry, the role and importance of innovation in tourism. Development and application of new ideas has become a necessity in modern conditions of tourism business.

  1. IoT Applications with 5G Connectivity in Medical Tourism Sector Management: Third-Party Service Scenarios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Psiha, Maria M; Vlamos, Panayiotis

    2017-01-01

    5G is the next generation of mobile communication technology. Current generation of wireless technologies is being evolved toward 5G for better serving end users and transforming our society. Supported by 5G cloud technology, personal devices will extend their capabilities to various applications, supporting smart life. They will have significant role in health, medical tourism, security, safety, and social life applications. The next wave of mobile communication is to mobilize and automate industries and industry processes via Machine-Type Communication (MTC) and Internet of Things (IoT). The current key performance indicators for the 5G infrastructure for the fully connected society are sufficient to satisfy most of the technical requirements in the healthcare sector. Thus, 5G can be considered as a door opener for new possibilities and use cases, many of which are as yet unknown. In this paper we present heterogeneous use cases in medical tourism sector, based on 5G infrastructure technologies and third-party cloud services.

  2. Sustainable tourism as a method of forming a tolerant society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dryga Svetlana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article concentrates on potential capabilities for the development of sustainable tourism, as well as its role in the formation of tolerant social relations. The authors revealed the profound impact of sustainable and hike tourism on emergence of the phenomenon ‘new tourist’. They also offered the description of levels of tolerance and their influence on the sustainable tendencies in modern tourism. There is a growing trend for tourism in modern international community to act as a high-powered regulator of socio-cultural relations and, simultaneously, as the crucial factor of counteraction to that xenophobia. A head-on clash of local and foreign cultures, which is an integral part of the very notion of tourism, is not supposed to assume itself in highly extreme forms, with the air of predominance of any of them, moreover, to be based on national, racial, religious, linguistic or educational differences. To put the idea across more efficiently, the authors resorted to exploiting such useful tools as the analysis and synthesis methodology, as well as that of comparison and prognostics. What is produced in the outcome of this study is revealing and emphasizing the levels of tolerance, characterizing the uneasy interrelationships between the so-called ‘new’ tourists and local community. The research findings could find practical applications for designing of new tourist products and elaborating of new networks of footpaths for walking tours.

  3. More Like Ourselves: Indigenous Capitalism through Tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunten, Alexis Celeste

    2010-01-01

    Through a comparison of Indigenous-owned cultural tourism businesses in southeastern Alaska and New Zealand as well as secondary data examining Indigenous tourism across the Pacific, this article introduces the concept of "Indigenous capitalism" as a distinct strategy to achieve ethical, culturally appropriate, and successful Indigenous…

  4. More Like Ourselves: Indigenous Capitalism through Tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunten, Alexis Celeste

    2010-01-01

    Through a comparison of Indigenous-owned cultural tourism businesses in southeastern Alaska and New Zealand as well as secondary data examining Indigenous tourism across the Pacific, this article introduces the concept of "Indigenous capitalism" as a distinct strategy to achieve ethical, culturally appropriate, and successful Indigenous…

  5. MANAGEMENT OF TOURISM TRANSPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Cecilia STĂNCIULESCU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Undoubtedly, the relevance of transport activities in relation to tourism activities is essential, because it is extremely important and necessary to offer feasible information about tourism services to help consumer to choose the mode of travel to destinations ideal holiday. The methods used in the development of this hypothesis were explanation, exemplification (brief presentation of each mode of transport comparison etc. Analyzing the current situation of national, European and World Wide tourism transportation, the paper proposes practical applications able to explain that the conduct of economic activities as an integral part of the sector of trade and services within a national economy, would not be possible without the involvement of transport, whether by road, rail and air and naval. The results of the analysis are perfectly applicable offering guests the opportunity to reach the most remote corners of the world in a short time, high degree of comfort and affordable price.

  6. The Impact of Tourism on Rural Development: The Kwabre District ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Impact of Tourism on Rural Development: The Kwabre District as a Case Study. ... interviews with tourists, socio-economic survey and personal observation of ... endowed with the benefits of unique cultural tourism attractions coupled with ...

  7. 74 Employment and Income Potentiality of Tourism Development in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Choice-Academy

    development for rapid socio-economic development, capable of generating foreign exchange; reduce ... Tourism potential impact on the economy ... regional impact of tourism in the Sub-Saharan ... culture and tradition of the people, all these.

  8. Mathematical Modelling with Fuzzy Sets of Sustainable Tourism Development

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nenad Stojanović

    2011-01-01

    ...: to assess the economic status, to assess the impact of tourism on the social component, to assess the impact of tourism on cultural identity, to assess the environmental conditions and indicators...

  9. Connecting Social Actors in Developing Integrated Tourism Products

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lea-Marija Colaric-Jakse

    2015-01-01

      The authors' base of this research was the social capital and its impact on the recognition of the opportunities to innovate the tourism products by invigorating the innovative culture of tourism...

  10. On Promoting the Core Competence of Cultural Tourism Industry in Hebei Province%提升河北省文化旅游产业核心竞争力的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏晓丽; 蒋再松; 杜立文; 王登才

    2012-01-01

    新兴文化旅游业是河北省发展绿色经济,实现“绿色崛起”的重要途径。梳理了河北省内各地区文化旅游资源,在分析文化旅游产业发展的基础上,提出提升河北省文化旅游业竞争力要关注旅游者消费理念和方式的转变,有针对性地开拓市场;以现代营销理念宣传特色文化旅游品牌,建立消费者对旅游品牌的忠诚度;实施差异化战略,统筹发展,加强各行业和地区的联动;利用现代信息技术打造立体化旅游渠道,开发“情境旅游”;发挥旅游地高校文化传播力和影响力的措施。%Emerging cultural tourism is an important way for the development of green economy in Hebei Province. On the basis of analyzing cultural tourism resources in HeBei Province, the paper came up with the following sugges- tions on promoting cultural tourism competitiveness in Hebei province: paying attention to the transformation of tourist consumption concept and means and developing targeted market; promoting feature tourism through modem marketing and establish consumer' s loyalty; Implementing differentiation Strategy to coordinate the tourism development with other industries in different areas ; developing three-dimensional "situational tourism" via modem information technol- nov. develonin~ the roles of the colleges and universities in tourism destinations.

  11. Application of zoning and "limits of acceptable change" to manage snorkelling tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, George S J; Dearden, Philip; Rollins, Rick

    2007-06-01

    Zoning and applying Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC) are two promising strategies for managing tourism in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Typically, these management strategies require the collection and integration of ecological and socioeconomic data. This problem is illustrated by a case study of Koh Chang National Marine Park, Thailand. Biophysical surveys assessed coral communities in the MPA to derive indices of reef diversity and vulnerability. Social surveys assessed visitor perceptions and satisfaction with conditions encountered on snorkelling tours. Notably, increased coral mortality caused a significant decrease in visitor satisfaction. The two studies were integrated to prescribe zoning and "Limits of Acceptable Change" (LAC). As a biophysical indicator, the data suggest a LAC value of 0.35 for the coral mortality index. As a social indicator, the data suggest that a significant fraction of visitors would find a LAC value of under 30 snorkellers per site as acceptable. The draft zoning plan prescribed four different types of zones: (I) a Conservation Zone with no access apart from monitoring or research; (II) Tourism Zones with high tourism intensities at less vulnerable reefs; (III) Ecotourism zones with a social LAC standard of Zones to meet local artisanal fishery needs. This study illustrates how ecological and socioeconomic field studies in MPAs can be integrated to craft zoning plans addressing multiple objectives.

  12. Application of Zoning and ``Limits of Acceptable Change'' to Manage Snorkelling Tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, George S. J.; Dearden, Philip; Rollins, Rick

    2007-06-01

    Zoning and applying Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC) are two promising strategies for managing tourism in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Typically, these management strategies require the collection and integration of ecological and socioeconomic data. This problem is illustrated by a case study of Koh Chang National Marine Park, Thailand. Biophysical surveys assessed coral communities in the MPA to derive indices of reef diversity and vulnerability. Social surveys assessed visitor perceptions and satisfaction with conditions encountered on snorkelling tours. Notably, increased coral mortality caused a significant decrease in visitor satisfaction. The two studies were integrated to prescribe zoning and “Limits of Acceptable Change” (LAC). As a biophysical indicator, the data suggest a LAC value of 0.35 for the coral mortality index. As a social indicator, the data suggest that a significant fraction of visitors would find a LAC value of under 30 snorkellers per site as acceptable. The draft zoning plan prescribed four different types of zones: (I) a Conservation Zone with no access apart from monitoring or research; (II) Tourism Zones with high tourism intensities at less vulnerable reefs; (III) Ecotourism zones with a social LAC standard of <30 snorkellers per site, and (IV) General Use Zones to meet local artisanal fishery needs. This study illustrates how ecological and socioeconomic field studies in MPAs can be integrated to craft zoning plans addressing multiple objectives.

  13. Analysis of Tourists' Liquor Culture-oriented Tourism Willingness Based on Logistic Model--A Case Study on Wuliangye Culture-oriented Tourism%基于L ogistic模型的游客酒文化旅游意愿分析--以宜宾五粮液酒文化旅游为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解巍

    2015-01-01

    This paper endeavors to explore the factors influencing tourists' willingness to participate in Wuliangye culture-oriented tourism. Based on the survey and questionnaires, Logistic model was applied for quantitative analysis. The results indicated that, the main factors influ-encing tourists' willingness to liquor culture-oriented tourism included tourist age, tourist source, whether tourist drank Wuliangye before, and whether tourist accepted that liquor culture is an important part of Chinese culture. In view of these factors, some advice were proposed as fol-lows:strengthening fashion elements in liquor cultural marketing, integrating liquor culture with local tourism resources, promoting the interac-tion between liquor-making industry and liquor culture-oriented tourism industry, and creating more attractive liquor culture etc.%根据对到访宜宾的游客参与五粮液酒文化旅游意愿的调查数据,运用Logistic模型对影响游客参与意愿的影响因子进行定量分析。结果表明,游客的年龄、客源地、游客以前是否喝过五粮液酒或五粮液酒厂生产的其他酒以及游客是否认同酒文化是我国传统文化的重要组成这4个因素对游客参与五粮液酒文化旅游的意愿有显著影响。针对这些影响因素,提出了加强白酒文化营销的年轻时尚元素,将酒文化与地方旅游资源进行整合,促进酒产业与酒文化旅游产业互动以及塑造与时俱进、有吸引力的酒文化等建议。

  14. 羌族地区以文化旅游为导向的城镇化分析%Urbanization Based on Cultural Tourism in Qiang Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯芳; 韩黎; 李辉

    2015-01-01

    The Qiang people is one of China's most ancient nationalities,and now mainly distributing in Aba Prefecture,Beichuan County of Mianyang,and other areas in Sichuan province. It is urgent to speed up the urbani-zation of the cultural tourism in theses areas based on the cultural tourism owing to their backward economic devel-opment and inaccessible communications,This paper mainly discusses the rich connotation of the Qiang culture, defines the concept of the tourist culture,the development theory of urbanization,and the relationship between them and the fusion,contradictions and conflicts in the process of development,and puts forward some counter-measures to accelerate their economic development and cultural protection.%羌族是我国最古老的民族之一,现今主要分布在四川省阿坝州、绵阳市北川县等地区.这些地区经济发展落后,城镇化程度不高,交通闭塞,加快以文化旅游为导向的城镇化已迫在眉睫.本文主要论述了羌族文化的丰富内涵、文化旅游的概念定义、城镇化的发展理论以及他们之间的相互关系和融合、在发展过程中的矛盾和冲突,并提出了解决对策,对于加快羌族地区经济发展和文化保护有重要意义.

  15. El turismo cultural en Granada: una oportunidad de diversidad turística

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Margarita Latiesa

    2012-01-01

    The article entitled "Cultural Tourism in Granada: Diversity of Tourism Opportunity", shows theoretical various definitions of cultural tourism, as well as characteristics and relation with urban tourism and city...

  16. Influence of "Holiday Tourism Circle of Beijing" on Chengde Tourism Spatial Alteration and Reconstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Chen; Cheng Shengkui; Chen Yuansheng; Zhang Yingqiu

    2006-01-01

    Chengde City, famous for its cultural sightseeing tourism industry, and is located in China's "Capital Holiday Tourism Circle". This location is advantageous, because of the recent boom in China's national tourism industry. This industry has gone through several structural and development changes with in the past several years. A result of these restructuring patterns is the great changes concerning competitive and cooperative relations among tourism destinations, which have precipitated the decline of the traditional sightseeing pattern.Northern China's "Capital Holiday Tourism Circle" is one of nine key areas within the Chinese tourism industry under development during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan. In the present article the method of "Distance Decline of The Tourist Flow" was used to define the flow of tourists in the Capital Holiday Tourism Circle and its influence upon Chengde's tourism spatial distribution. 3 aspects will be discussed: (1) The transformation from sightseeing to leisure markets makes the change possible in Chengde's tourism spatial pattern. (2) The location advantage (adjacent to Beijing and Tianjin) also leads to the change in Chengde tourism spatial pattern. (3) The establishment of freeways also contributes to a great degrees of change.The rapid development of leisure tourism might lead to the change from nucleus model to a diversified one within Chengde's tourism. Specifically, Chengde is developing the tourism industry with the central heritage area as the nucleus and the northern forest,pasture,southern mountain, and rivers as its periphery.

  17. Dracula tourism as pilgrimage?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuomas Hovi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is about Dracula tourism in Romania and how it may be seen as pilgrimage. The author approaches this connection especially through the place myth of Transylvania and through the status Transylvania has in Western popular culture. The subject is approached purely from a ‘Western’ point of view, that is, in this article Romania, although a member of the EU and NATO, is treated not as part of the West but part of the East. This is due to the fact that in Western popular culture Romania and especially Transylvania have always been portrayed as the Other in relation to the West. Western popular culture plays a significant role in Dracula tourism.

  18. A Model Proposal on the Use of Creative Tourism Experiences in Congress Tourism and the Congress Marketing Mix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özen Kırant Yozcu

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Congress tourism has a great importance for the extension of the tourism season, enhancement of employment opportunities and tourism revenues, promotion and efficient use of the facilities in the area. Creative Tourism provides an authentic feel for a local culture through informal, hands-on workshops and creative experiences. Ensuring that the attendants of congress tourism take part in creative tourism activities may be an example of the synergy to be achieved by including creative tourism in thecongress marketing mix. In this study the tourism marketing mix, programming, packaging, partnership, people, product, price, promotion, place, are adapted for congress tourism and a model which illustrates how to use the creative tourism experiences and activities within the marketing mix is proposed.

  19. Protective Tourism Development of Intangible Culture Heritage in Nanjing%南京非物质文化遗产保护性旅游开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡梦琪; 郭剑英; 是丽娜

    2014-01-01

    非物质文化遗产保护问题是当前我国文化遗产研究的热点,旅游开发则是保护传承的重要途径。南京非物质文化遗产数量丰富,种类多样,地域特色鲜明,文化内涵深厚,具有较高的历史文化和艺术价值。然而在旅游开发中存在着保护意识淡薄、人才基础薄弱、法律法规不健全、开发模式单一、原真性破坏严重等问题。对南京非物质文化遗产进行保护性旅游开发,必须坚持增强保护意识、重视人才培养、完善法律法规、丰富开发模式、分类适度发展等措施,实现南京非物质文化遗产旅游开发的可持续发展。%The protection of intangible cultural heritage is a hotspot in researches concerning cultural heritage now. Tourism development is an important approach to protect heritage. The intangible cultural heritage in Nanjing is valuable in terms of historic culture and art, which is abundant with various types, regional features, and profound culture connotation. However, in the process of tourism development, the protection awareness and the foundation of talent resource is weak;relative laws and regulations are not complete;development pattern is single;the authenticity of the heritage is damaged seriously. To protect the heritage with tourism development in a sustainable way, mea-sures must be taken, including enhancing the protection awareness, investing more in building talent pipelines, completing laws and regu-lations, enriching development patterns, and developing in moderate manners according to proper classification.

  20. On the Conditions and Thought of Developing Putian Mazu Cultural Tourism Estate%莆田妈祖文化旅游地产发展条件及思路研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈淑媛

    2011-01-01

    As Putian is positioned as the world' s center of Mazu culture, the purpose of this study from the perspective of cultural creativity is to convert the advantages of Mazu cultural resources into economic strength,to extend the industrial chain of Mazu cultural tourism and to increase the added value of Mazu cultural tourism industry.The method of SWOT is applied to analyze the four main advantages of developing Mazu cultural tourism estate in Putian.Namely, the advantage of the birthplace of Mazu culture, the advantage of coastal and fairly primitive natural environment ecology, the advantage of tourist source market and policy supporting environment.According to the existing advantages, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges, the thought of developing Mazu cultural tourism estate in Putian is put forward, including the making of resource integration plan, highlighting cultural features of tourism estate, upgrading the environmental quality of tourism estate, creating new financing platform and emphasizing marketing strategy, in a hope to provide reference for the faster development of Mazu cultural tourism in Putian.%基于莆田定位为世界妈祖文化中心,从文化创意的视角研究妈祖文化旅游地产,旨在把妈祖文化资源优势转变为经济优势,延伸妈祖文化旅游产业链,提高妈祖文化旅游产业的附加值.应用SWOT分析法分析了莆田拥有发展妈祖文化旅游地产的四大优势:妈祖文化发源地优势、临海且滞后开发的较原始自然环境生态优势、客源市场优势和政策环境优势,因此具有很大的发展空间.针对存在的优势、弱势、机遇和挑战,笔者提出了莆田发展妈祖文化旅游地产的思路:做好资源整合规划;突出旅游房地产的文化特色;提升旅游房地产的环境品质;创新融资平台;注重营销策略.文章为莆田妈祖文化旅游的跨越发展提供决策参考.

  1. Mountaineering Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Maher

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Reviewed: Mountaineering Tourism Edited by Ghazali Musa, James Higham, and Anna Thompson-Carr. Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge, 2015. xxvi + 358 pp. Hardcover. US$ 145.00. ISBN 978-1-138-78237-2.

  2. Development of a Conceptual Model in International Sport Tourism: Exploring Pre-and Post- Consumption Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Woo-Sik Choi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose is to develop a model of consumer behavior in international sport tourism that examines both pre-and post-consumption factors in international sport tourism. A secondary purpose is to address international visitation by introducing national culture as an important component of the model. The proposed model suggests that certain cultural characteristics influence an international sport tourist and these cultural characteristics impact both motivation and travel constraints. Motivation also has a direct relationship to travel constraints. Both motivation and travel constraints influence the tourist’s image of both the destination and the sporting event. Finally, trip quality leads to satisfaction, which mediates the relationship with intent to return. Discussion follows with application to understanding the purchase decision making process drawn from the literature in sport tourism, consumer behavior, cross cultural studies and information processing theory.

  3. A competitive study of two tourism destinations through the application of conjoint analysis techniques: the case of the Canary Islands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parra López, Eduardo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The aspiration to know and to correspond to consumer expectations, supposes a continuous challenge that companies must confront and has become a central issue in an extant literature. There is ample agreement about the importance of consumer orientation for the competitiveness of companies. Businesses are faced with the need to satisfy customers today and to develop new products for the future. These requirements are accentuated in the tour-ist sector because they have a particular dependence on "tourist preferences". The aim of this paper is to contribute to this debate with the results of an analysis that seeks to deepen the knowledge of competitive advantages in the hotel sector of two tourism destinations by studying the utility that the different products offered provides to de-mand. By means of the application of the statistical techniques of conjoint analysis and simulation, we have obtained a model to apply to entrepreneurial decision-making that enables us to recognise the product that, among those supplied, most value provides to the demand of each tourism destination, as well as the observation of significant differences between those destinations

  4. PROMOTING SUSTAINABILITY OF TOURISM BY CREATIVE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: HOW FAR IS SLOVENIA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romana Korez-Vide

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we introduce sustainability dimensions of creative tourism and develop a model of sustainable creative tourism. The concepts of culture-based creativity and sustainability as tools for a value-adding impact on cultural tourism and local culture are discussed in the theoretical part of the paper. Our empirical analysis reveals that higher GDP per capita does not necessary correlate with higher competitiveness of an economy: a comparison analysis of Slovenian and Estonian international competitive positions in various domains shows several weaknesses of Slovenian competitiveness and offers an explanation for indispensable systemic view on tourism competitiveness. Our world wide web analysis of the steps made in creative tourism development in both countries indicates Estonian advantage, which could be taken as an example of good practice. Some suggestions for Slovenian policymaking with regard to institutional support for culture-based creativity and creative tourism development are made in the final part of the paper.

  5. France, tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Pierre, Philippe; Perrain, David

    2016-01-01

    International audience; This encyclopedia is the most comprehensive and updated source of reference in tourism research and practice. It covers both traditional and emerging concepts and terms and is fully international in its scope. More than 700 contributions of 766 internationally renowned experts from 113 countries provide a definitive access to the knowledge in the field of tourism, hospitality, recreation and related fields. All actors in this field will find reliable and up to date def...

  6. 基于银蕨螺旋价值观形成的新西兰毛利生态文化旅游研究%New Zealand Maori Eco-cultural Tourism based on Koru Spiral of Values

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡冀珍; 傅懋毅

    2012-01-01

    The Koru spiral of values model which reflected the core value of Maori culture of Maori people in New Zealand was introduced.The Maori eco-cultural tourism model based on the Koru spiral of values was analyzed,the development process,the content and protection measures of Maori eco-cultural tourism were summarized.The New Zealand Maori eco-cultural tourism model could provided some references for the development and protection of en-thnic people eco-cultural tourism in Yunnan province.%介绍了新西兰以银蕨的形态特征为依据,建立银蕨螺旋价值观模型,体现了毛利文化的核心价值,探讨了基于银蕨螺旋价值观的毛利生态文化旅游模式,总结了毛利生态文化旅游的开发过程与内容,以及保护措施,旨在为云南少数民族文化旅游开发与保护提供理论依据.

  7. 浅议天水民俗文化的旅游价值及其开发策略%The tourism value and development strategy of folk culture in Tianshui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董粝

    2013-01-01

    民俗文化是旅游文化重要组成部分,加大政策扶持力度,推动产业升级;坚持重点突破,坚持深化改革,坚持科学发展,合理开发资源,实现民俗文化旅游可持续发展。本文分析了天水发展民俗文化旅游的现状以及推动产业发展的形式与内涵,就发展民俗文化旅游提出了建议。%The folk custom culture is an important part of the tourism culture, increase policy support, promote industrial upgrading;adhere to the key breakthrough, deepen reform, adhere to the scientific development, rational exploitation of resources, realize the sustainable development of folk culture tourism. This paper analyzes the current situation of the development of folk culture tourism in Tianshui and promote the form and connotation of the development, proposes the suggestions on the development of folk culture tourism.

  8. Research on Development Mode of Culture Tourism of Bohaiguo Relics%渤海国遗址文化旅游开发模式探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于洪雁

    2013-01-01

    遗址文化旅游是在保护的前提下开发遗址,将遗址资源的价值转化为旅游价值,其核心是通过遗址的地域历史文化特色,来满足旅游者的文化需求。为更好地推进渤海国遗址文化旅游,应针对目前渤海国遗址现状,创新开发模式,按照核心层(遗址本体型)、过渡层(遗址文化延展型)、外围层(遗址自然生态延展型)三个层次开发,建设遗址公园、宗教寺观、历史文化产业园、主题公园等文化旅游项目。%Historical site tourism looks to attract tourists by culture and history of relics and generate economic benefits while preserving its ruins. We are committed to developing culture tourism products in Bohaiguo Relics. And we should innovate development mode based on its realities. That is to say, we should design and build relics park, temples, history and culture park and themed park at three levels, specifically, core-level, relics based;transitional level, history and culture based;region level, sound ecology based.

  9. Landscape assessment for tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clare A. Gunn

    1979-01-01

    Increased development of landscapes for tourism now creates problems of integrating the many parts. Accomplishments at the site scale have not been matched with equal progress at the regional scale. This concept, and its example of application, shows promise of assisting regions in assessing their potential of landscapes before development. With such a concept, not...

  10. Research on Creative Development of Cultural Tourism for the Old Shipping Business Street in Pingle County%平乐县城船商老街文化旅游创意开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁福兴

    2011-01-01

    As tourism development orientates towards transferred their preferences from scenic spots to culture,ecologicalization and connotation,the tourists has original ecological culture and recreations. Located at the southernmost point of great Guilin landscape cultural tourism circle,P ingle county is endowed with unique advantages for innovatively developing its distinctive cultural tourism. The old shipping business street in Pingle county is the core tourism resources and industry. Accordingly, proper use should be made of the cultural tourism resources for the old shipping business street and tourism market advantages of Creative transformation of landscape environment, tourism function division and tourist project stimulate the cultural tourism resources for the old shipping business street.%随着旅游向生态化、文化性和内涵式方向发展,旅游者不再局限于单纯追寻观光游览性质的风景名胜区,逐步转向追求原生态的文化意境和休闲情调,讲究文化与旅游相互交融的体验享受。广西平乐县地处大桂林山水文化旅游圈最南端,旅游资源丰富,文化类型多样,具有创新创意发展特色文化旅游的独特优势。县城船商老街是平乐县城旅游资源和旅游产业核心,合理利用千年州府、船商老街文化资源和桂林阳朔旅游市场优势,通过创意性景观环境改造、旅游功能分区和活动项目策划,可迅速盘活船商老街的文化旅游资源。

  11. 中国情境下文化遗产地社区居民旅游增权的结构与测量--基于个体感知的视角%On the Structure and Measurement of Tourism Empowerment of Community Resident in Cultural Heritage Site in China---Based on the Perspective of Individual Perception

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王会战; 李树民; 刘洋; 李梦

    2015-01-01

    本文采用质性研究和定量研究相结合的方法,基于个体感知的视角开发了中国情境下文化遗产地社区居民旅游增权量表,并通过实证检验具有较高的测评信度和效度。本研究证实了西方的社区旅游增权四维架构具有跨研究情景、跨旅游目的地类型的适用性,不仅在理论上克服了以往关于社区旅游增权状况定量测度的不足,使得对文化遗产地社区居民旅游增权的有效评价、历时追踪和共时比较研究成为了可能,而且通过实际测试表明,本研究开发的测量工具对评估文化遗产地社区居民旅游增权状况具有实际应用效力。%The paper uses both qualitative research and quantitative research to develop a tourism empowerment scale of community resident in cultural heritage site in China on the perspective of individual perception, and has higher meas-urement reliability and validity through empirical test. It reveals that the four-dimension structure of tourism empower-ment of community in western countries is suitable for cross research context and cross types of tourism destination, which not only overcomes the shortcoming in measuring quantitatively the tourism empowerment of society in theory and realizes valid valuation, diachronic track and synchronic comparison research of tourism empowerment of community resi-dent in cultural heritage site, but also has actual application effectiveness to assess the tourism empowerment situation of community resident in cultural heritage site through test.

  12. RESEARCH TRENDS OF CULTURAL HERITAGE TOURISM ABROAD IN THE LAST DECADE :A REVIEW OF ANNALS OF TOURISM RESEARCH AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT%近十年国外文化遗产旅游研究动态及趋势——基于《Annals of Tourism Research》与《Tourism Management》相关文章的述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董皓; 张喜喜

    2012-01-01

    文化遗产旅游是国外旅游研究的热点领域之一.为了掌握国外近十年的研究动态与趋势,本文通过检索2001-2010年期间国际公认的两大旅游研究权威期刊《Annals of Tourism Research》与《Tourism Management》上发表的文化遗产旅游的相关文献,分别从文化遗产旅游者研究、文化遗产旅游目的地研究、文化遗产旅游开发与管理研究、文化遗产旅游解说与原真性研究四方面进行了分类与述评,发现国外近十年来主要集中于原真性与旅游者研究,普遍采用案例研究与模型构建,注重定性研究与定量研究相结合,多学科渗透与融合趋势明显;认为未来的工作应在坚持文化遗产旅游可持续发展的同时融合绿色理念与低碳发展观,注重实践基础之上的理论创新,并加强对濒危文化遗产的研究.

  13. 民族旅游中的文化失真与族群认同建构%Ethnic Tourism Cultural Distortion And The Construction Of Ethnic Identity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈修岭

    2012-01-01

    At present, with our national tourism fast development, the national tourism appeared a serious dis-tortion of the culture of the stage, which leads to the weakening of ethnic identity, alienation. Ethnic identity in the national tourism reply and reconstruction, improving minority social harmony has the important practical signifi-cance.%目前我国民族旅游的快速发展极大推动了少数民族地区的经济发展及传统文化传播,在这一进程中强大的外来文化往往致使旅游地区族群文化急剧被动变迁。为了追逐经济利益、市场效应及舞台效果,民族旅游出现了舞台符号文化严重失真,甚至假借、移植他族文化的现象,导致族群认同的弱化、异化,甚至解构。族群认同在民族旅游热潮中的恢复与重构对增进少数民族社会和谐具有重要现实意义,他者凝视下的旅游符号文化生产,文化中心主义下的发展自我选择,社区内源性参与意识培育,“参与观察”旅游模式,政府角色转变等是重要举措。

  14. SOCIAL AND CULTURE IMPACT OF TOURISM SPATIAL DIFFERENTIATION ON DESTINATION%旅游对目的地社会文化影响空间分异研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋辉; 苏勤; 曹超轶

    2012-01-01

    对于旅游社会文化影响空间分异研究,国内研究相对较少,而国外已有相关的研究。由于研究的尺度、资源类型以及研究方法和目的不同,旅游影响区域会有不同的划分类型。归纳了4类旅游社会文化影响空间分异的相关理论:旅游罩和飞地旅游、RBD理论和旅游绅士化、旅行和旅游流模式、利益相关者理论。旅游罩、RBD理论、旅行模式比较适合解释小尺度的空间分异,而飞地旅游、旅游绅士化和旅游流模式比较适合解释大尺度的空间分异。最后,提出在旅游的规划和管理中,必须要考虑不同区域居民的不同观点和看法,只有这样才能保持旅游业的可持续发展。%For the tourism impact of social and cultural for spatial differentiation studies,overseas literatures start to research this subject.Compared with overseas literatures,Chinese studies rarely involved in.Because of the differences among the scales,resources and research objects,methods and objectives,all these elements led different divisions of types,but generally the affected area divided into core and marginal zone.The tourism impact of social and cultural of spatial differentiation theory can be summarized into four categories:Tourism bubble and Enclave tourism,Recreational Business District and Tourism gentrification,Travel mode and spatial structure of tourist flow,Stakeholders theory.Tourism bubble,Recreational Business District and Travel mode can explain the small-scale spatial differentiation,Enclave tourism,Tourism gentrification and spatial structure of tourist flow can explain the large-scale spatial differentiation.Finally,in tourism planning and management,must be considered residents of different views and perspectives in different regions and maintain the sustainable development of tourism.

  15. STUDY OF RURAL TOURISM IN TURPAN, CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KEYIM Parhad; YANG De-gang; ZHANG Xiao-lei

    2005-01-01

    Rural tourism has long been considered the means of accelerating economic and social development,and has become a development tool for many rural areas. In response to agricultural structure adjustment, rural tourism in China took into shape as a new economic growth point to meet the market demand at the late 1980s.Now, a structural frame of rural tourism has shaped, with the core of Zhujiang (Pearl) River Delta, Beijing, Shanghai and Chengdu of China. But in Xinjiang, the westem part of China, there are hardly any studies in this field in spite of its richness of tourism resources. In this paper, development of rural tourism is studied in Turpan of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. With its rich natural and cultural tourism resources, Turpan has become one of the pioneer tourism destinations in China. But same to the rural tourism development of the other areas' of China, rural tourism programs in Turpan mainly aimed at sightseeing activities, and little attention had been paid to the protection and exploitation of national minority culture-an important factor to satisfy both tourists demand and local economic development. However, this kind of rural tourism development policy is harmful on the long run. Because, many tourists seek tourist destinations that offer pleasant experiences related to not only the natural environment but also historic heritage and cultural patterns. The study suggests that on the base of government support in the long term, to enhance tourism training, to protect and exploit national minority culture are essential elements of rural tourism development in Turpan.

  16. The Spatial Layout and Path of Tibetan Cultural Tourism Industry Development%西藏文化旅游业发展的空间布局及路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐柳; 俞乔; 鲜荣生; 李志铭

    2012-01-01

    旅游空间结构是区域旅游经济系统中各子系统、各要素之间空间组织关系的集成反映,其合理性对旅游业发展的影响作用显著。立足于西藏文化旅游产业发展的特殊性和文化旅游资源的保护性开发,以"核心—边缘"理论为指导,通过统计学方法定量分析了西藏文化旅游业发展的空间结构特征和发展状态,运用模糊综合评价法建立指标体系划分了文化旅游业发展的核心区域和边缘区域,构建了"一带、四点"空间布局结构,并提出了强化区域空间发展定位和联动发展、加强特色产品开发等实现空间结构布局的路径和政策建议。%Spatial structure of tourism is the integrated reflection of the spatial organization relationship between each sub-system and the various elements in regional tourism economy,the rationality of which impacts a significant effect on tourism development.The nature of cultural tourism industry puts forward its development of spatial structure and layout and development of its own characteristics.Based on the particularity of Tibetan cultural tourism industry development and the protected-development of cultural tourism resources,this paper takes the"core-edge"theory as the guide,makes a quantitative analysis of the spatial structure features and states of development of Tibetan cultural tourism industry by statistical methods,distinguishes the core area and the edge area of cultural tourism industry with the index system established by fuzzy comprehensive evaluation,and,figures out the space layout of One-zone and Four-points,and puts forward the paths and policy recommendations of realizing the space layout,such as strengthening the regional spatial development orientation and the linkage development,the enhancement of the development of featured-products.

  17. 武陵山片区文化产业与旅游产业融合发展研究%The Study on the Developing Way of Fusion of Wuling Mountain Area Culture Industry and Tourism Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹华光; 邱久杰; 姚云贵

    2016-01-01

    The fusion of the tourism industry and cultural industry development is the inevitable trend in history, it wil produce a far-reaching impact in the country's political, economic, social, cultural, and ecological aspects. The fusion conform to the requirements of the national for constructing a harmonious society ,and it has great significance in the transformation of the domestic economy and the construction of beautiful China. It has been proved by practice that the fusion of the tourism industry and cultural industry development has to find the right way to break the bottleneck, for realizing integration more smooth, and developing the tourism industry, cultural industry ,the tourism cultural industry. The paper based on present situation about the development in the area of cultural industry and tourism industry, through the four main means for analyzing the fusion which is containing the resources integration, market integration, marketing integration and policy integration to provide methods and Suggestions.%旅游产业与文化产业在融合过程中出现的瓶颈必须寻找合适的途径打破, 实现二者顺利融合, 以此带动旅游产业、 文化产业以及旅游文化产业的快速发展. 必须以资源整合、 市场整合、 营销整合、 政策整合等手段推动武陵山片区文化产业与旅游产业的融合发展.

  18. Discussion on Tourism Marketing of Cultural Product of Nanjing, Zhenjiang and Yangzhou%论宁镇扬板块文化产品的旅游营销

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖; 杜洋

    2011-01-01

    宁镇扬三地同处于长江三角洲,都有着丰厚的历史文化底蕴,经济发展均较为平稳迅速.宁镇扬板块已经初步形成一个区域整体,但其整合过程尚未完成,而其文化产业的构建需要以大力发展文化产品为基础,使得文化产业的价值体现在产品上,落实于产品处,三地联手打造系列文化产品,推进旅游营销,将是强化版块建设的重要手段.%Nanjing, Zhenjiang and Yangzhou all locate in Yangtze River Delta, have a rich historical and cultural heritage, and enjoy a relatively stable and rapid economic development. Nanjing, Zhenjiang and Yangzhou have intially formed the whole region, and the integration is still on the way. The construction of their cultural industries should depend on a vigorous development of cultural product, in which the value of cultural industries lies. Creating a series of cultural product together and advancing the tourism marketing should play an important role in the forum building among them.

  19. 走马古镇文化遗产的保护性旅游利用模式研究%Sustainable Utilization Mode of Cultural Heritages in Tourism in Zouma Township

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王家宁; 杨前进

    2012-01-01

    The rapid development of tourism has caused some problems like excessive commercialization and tourism product homogenization, resulting in a threat to the cultural heritage protection and sustainable utilization. On the basis of the case study of the ancient town of Zouma in Chongqing, the present study is to make an analysis of the problems in traditional tourism of cultural heritages as well as the connotations and principles of the sustainable utilization mode of cultural heritages. It is proposed a sustainable utilization mode integrated with cultural undertakings and tourism industry under the guidance of the government should be applied.%旅游业的快速发展造成了过度商业化、旅游产品同质化等问题,威胁到文化遗产的保护和可持续利用。以重庆走马古镇为例,探讨文化遗产传统旅游开展模式的困境,文化遗产保护性旅游利用模式的内涵和原则,并提出走马古镇要以政府为主导、文化事业和旅游业并重的保护性旅游模式构想。

  20. 网络环境下文化遗产与旅游产业发展问题浅析%Analysis of the cultural heritage and the development of tourism industry under the network environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2016-01-01

    Culturalheritage is a cultural heritage area,is an area of spiritual sustenance,reflects the local people's life.Is a legacy of history,use and development, the development of a local tourism industry play a significant role in promoting.Regionality is one of the important characteristic of the cultural heritage,intangible cultural heritage tourism resources is in a certain region of human wisdom crystallization,its culture connotation is rich,high tourism value can effectively promote the development of local tourism.%文化遗产是一个地区的文化传承,是一个地区的精神文明寄托,体现了该地方人民生活情趣。是历史遗留下来的产物,好好利用和开发,会对一个地方的旅游业的发展起到极大的促进作用。地域性是文化遗产的重要特征之一,非遗旅游资源是一定地域内人们智慧的结晶,其文化内涵丰富,旅游价值高,可以有效促进当地旅游业的发展。

  1. Study on Zhijiang Peace Cultural Tourism Depth Development in Hunan%湖南芷江和平文化旅游深度开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秀珍

    2014-01-01

    芷江是世界反法西斯战争胜利重要历史见证和纪念地。为成功打造“中国和平文化旅游第一品牌”目标,本研究从游客的情感体验与消费需求视角出发,以实地调查为依据、重要性与可行性分析为基点,进而具体提出深挖民族抗战与和平内涵、创新旅游宣传营销策略、加强与异地旅行企业的互利合作、促成辖区内各景区组合与侧重特色旅游商品与娱乐开发等五项建议。%Zhijiang is the important historical testimony and memorial of the world's anti - fascism war . For realizing the goal of “the first brand of the peace cultural tourism in China” and based on field investigation , the author of this article presents some suggestions on deeply digging the national Anti - Japanese War and peace , innovating tourism publicity and marketing strategy , strengthening field cooperation with travel enterprises ,facilitate the combination of neighbors scenery and developing tourist commodities and entertainment .

  2. Realistic Basis and Ways of Regional Tourism Cooperation--Cultural Tourism of Zigong Salt City and Daying Dead Sea as an Example%区域旅游合作的现实基础与途径探讨--以自贡“盐都”、大英“死海”盐文化旅游为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    练红宇; 王玉琼; 夏敬标

    2013-01-01

    In the context of regional economic integration,regional tourism cooperation has become the general trend of China’s tourism development.In this paper,Zi-gong salt city and da-ying dead sea cultural tourism as the example,this paper examines the realistic basis of regional cooperation in tourism.On this basis,authors proposed a corresponding collaborative approaches.The author hopes this paper can provide a reference for the coordinated development of regional tourism.%  在区域经济一体化背景下,区域旅游合作成为中国旅游发展的总体趋势。自贡盐都和大英死海都在打造盐文化旅游品牌,这种资源类似地区存在旅游合作的基础,可以采取以政府为主导,旅游管理经营部门密切合作;实施差异化主题定位,发挥整合效应;加大整体营销力度,建立良好的市场运作机制等相应的合作途径,达到区域旅游协调发展。

  3. 智慧旅游及其应用研究%Research on the Concept and Application of Wisdom Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗成奎

    2012-01-01

    Wisdom tourism is not a traveling form, but a way of traveling which embeds cloud computing, Internet of things and other technologies in the tourism industry to achieve a perfect fusion of tourism information infrastructure and highly integrated tourism infrastructure so as to help government tourism management departments, tourism enterprises and tourists make wiser decisions.%智慧旅游不是一种旅游形态,而是将云计算、物联网等技术嵌入旅游行业中,达到旅游信息基础架构与高度整合的旅游基础设施的完美融合,使得政府旅游管理部门、相关旅游企业和旅游者等可以做出更明智决策的旅游方式。

  4. 长治饮食文化资源旅游开发探索%On Exploitation of Changzhi Food Culture Resource Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍梅则

    2014-01-01

    Due to its specific culture and nature,Changzhi has formed its own food customs,contents,and manners. Therefore,it be-comes an important recourse of Changzhi tourism. However,there are lots of problems in food culture tourism resources development, such as the low standard of development,transformation of product,management,and marketing,the inadequate recourse use,and the weak brand awareness. We should adhere to government leading,integrate recourses,construct and implement,cultivate talents;public participate,excavate the connotation,highlight features,create an atmosphere;joint enterprises,establish a brand,and focus on the de-velopment strategy of marketing,and then we can realize the interactive development of tourism and food culture.%长治地区独特的自然与社会基础,形成了内涵丰富特色鲜明的饮食习俗、饮食内容、饮食礼仪,是长治旅游业发展的重要资源。但是,目前饮食文化资源旅游开发存在开发层次低、资源挖掘不充分、品牌意识弱、产品转化度低、管理水平低、宣传营销力度不够的问题,需坚持政府主导、整合资源、建设实施、培养人才;公众参与、挖掘内涵、突出特色、营造氛围;企业联合、产业集群、塑造品牌、注重营销的开发策略,以实现旅游业与饮食文化的互动发展。

  5. 再现与传承:基于非物质文化景观的区域旅游开发——以龙镇《红灯记》文化旅游区为例%Representation and Inheritance: Regional Tourism Planning Base on the Nonmaterial Culture Landscape: a Case Study of Legend of the Red Lantern Cultural Tourism Area, Longzhen Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于崧; 张翼飞; 王崑; 李刚; 杜爽; 于广治

    2011-01-01

    随着目前国内经济的高速发展,文化旅游以其特有的文化内涵和文化氛围受到越来越多的游客重视和青睐.作为文化旅游的重要组成部分——非物质文化景观的多样性不断遭到破坏.科学合理的开发建设对于非物质文化景观的保护与传承,以及基于非物质文化景观的区域旅游发展尤为重要.以龙镇《红灯记》文化旅游区为例,根据区域旅游资源的评价与客源市场的分析结果,结合旅游规划“AVC”三力理论——即吸引力(A)、生命力(V)、承载力(C),分别从开发建设理念、产品体系的打造、意境流规划、旅游服务设施规划建设等方面提出了规划的方案和实施建议,为基于非物质文化景观的区域旅游开发和可持续发展提供借鉴.%With the high-speed economic development of China, cultural tourism has been receiving considerable attention and welcome by more and more people for its specific cultural connotation and atmosphere. The diversity of nonmaterial culture landscape which is an essential component of the cultural tourism has been degraded constantly. Scientific and rational development is particularly important to protect and inherit the nonmaterial culture landscape, and to regional tourism development base on the nonmaterial culture landscape. With Longzhen Legend of the Red Lantern cultural tourism area as the example, in this paper, according to the results of regional tourism resources evaluation and tourist source market analysis, and by combining the AVC theory in tourism planning, planning proposals and implementation suggestions are put forward from the aspects of development conception, product system planning, mental flow planning and construction of tourist service facilities, which provides reference for the planning and sustainable development of regional tourism base on the nonmaterial culture landscape.

  6. The Development of Mobile Client Application in Yogyakarta Tourism and Culinary Information System Based on Social Media Integration

    OpenAIRE

    Novrian Fajar Hidayat; Ridi Ferdiana

    2012-01-01

    Social network is currently being an important part of someone. Many of users in social network make it an effective publication. One of many things that can be published on social network is tourism. Indonesia has a lot of tourism and culinary, especially on Special District of Yogyakarta.Tourism and culinary resources on Yogyakarta can be published and shared using social network. In addition, development of mobile technology and smartphone make easier to access social network through inter...

  7. INTERCULTURALITY – A FACTOR OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT (PART 1 - GASTRONOMY IN TOURISM, ATTRACTION OR IMPEDIMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ispas Andreia

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to transmit a culture without altering it, while creating tourism, cultural and religious products, a variety of details must be taken into account regarding the basic tourism services such as accommodations and food. (gastronomy These services

  8. Tourism in a Globalizing World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yudina, Elena V.; Uhina, Tatiana V.; Bushueva, Irina V.; Pirozhenko, Natalia T.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the investigated problem is caused by the fact that virtually no comprehensive research on issues related to tourism as an integrative multidimensional phenomenon in the socio-cultural environment in the context of globalization has been made by now. The purpose of this article is based on sociological and cultural approach to…

  9. Extraterritorial jurisdiction, criminal law and transnational crime: Insights from the application of Australia's child sex tourism offences

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Curley, Melissa; Stanley, Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    .... Meanwhile, existing international legal commentary notes that there are difficulties attached to using extraterritorial offences as the primary tool to deter and combat Child Sex Tourism ('CST...

  10. In Perspective of The Hittite Capital Šapinuwa, Natural, Socio-Cultural Heritage Values of Ortaköy (Çorum and Its Tourism Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ekber GÜLERSOY

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In a period in which space-human interaction has achieved different dimensions, it is necessary for spaces having natural, socio-cultural heritage values which are unique and would not be able to reproduce to be put urgently under protection. Also Ortaköy (Šapinuwa-Çorum district is within such spaces. Aim of this study is to examine geographically natural, socio-cultural heritage values of Ortaköy district which have not been examined academically enough until today. Such an examination will be able to contribute for socio-cultural-economic development of the district, which is Šapinuwa&İncesu Canyon-oriented, to be conducted within a structure out of nature and culture destruction. Ortaköy hosts to authentic heritage values of natural (such as İncesu Canyon etc.; tangible socio-cultural (such as the Hittite capital Šapinuwa, traditional apparel, food culture, handicrafts etc.; and intangible socio-cultural (such as traditional weddings-yallis, folk minstrels-poets, regional folk songs, riddles-legends, indigenous words, folk medicine, kids games, festivals-carnivals etc.. It is necessary for natural and socio-cultural heritage values of Ortaköy to be taken inventory and planned by an expert team. It is possible for these values to be able to turn into tourism supply and to contribute to the district economy by using lands according to their capability classes, as well as cooperation of official and civil institutions-organizations, and relevant persons.

  11. Cultural Territory and Identity Space: Heritage Tourism Destination Image Spatial Diffusion%文化遗产旅游地意象空间扩散研究——以苏州园林为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周永博; 沙润; 卢晓旭; 侯兵; 丁正山

    2012-01-01

    The fundamental purpose of heritage protection is to inherit the spiritual heritage and human civiliza- tion. Therefore, heritage authenticity includes the protection of the original material and its cultural connota- tion and aesthetic meaning of the original truth. While in heritage protection, conservation of heritage destina- tion image authenticity is the historical mission of heritage tourism, which contributes a lot to the heritage per- petuation, to the civilization extension, and to the common development of heritage cause and traveling indus- try. Therefore, how to disseminate heritage tourism destination images have become the key in the study on heritage tourism destination images. Heritage tourism is a heritage and tourism "cross" product. Conflicts be- tween heritage and tourism values have long existed in heritage tourism, which breeds heritage management challenges and tourism development difficulties. Heritage tourism destination images, an interactive bridge be- tvc.een heritage tourists and heritage destination, have impoi'tant theoretical and practical values. This article takes Suzhou Gardens (Humble Administrator's Garden and Lion Grove Gardon) as study cases to make a pro- found study on cultural heritage tourism destination images. It aims at exploring the diffusion process of cultur- al heritage tourism destination images, perfecting cultural heritage tourism destination image diffusion theories and providing new perceptions in its information dissemination. By taking the three-dimensioned coupling structure of tourist destination images theory as the basis in the fuU-text and by drawing on the theoretical ideas of modern information dissemination, a bridge is thus laid between the image evaluation and the dissemi- nation of tourism image. The the efficient image dissemination of cultural heritage tourism destination enables the actual users (i.e,, tourists or potential tourists) to reach the image information accurately, further to reduce

  12. Sami tourism in destination development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Lise Smed

    2016-01-01

    Indigenous tourism has become an important component of the tourism industry. Previous indigenous tourism research has indicated three conflict areas that can have an impact on destination development - internal conflicts over indigenous identity, the use of indigenous culture in destination...... marketing, and land-use conflicts. To varying degrees these areas of conflict have been found to impact local and regional destination development in northern Europe. This paper draws on case studies to understand how conflicts in Sami tourism in local and regional destination development are addressed...... through stakeholder collaboration in Jokkmokk, Sweden and Kautokeino, Norway. The study indicates that collaboration between destination marketing organisations and Sami stakeholders has been initiated and has improved destination marketing. Conflicts relating to indigenous identity and land use are more...

  13. Mobile Applications as Tool for Exploiting Cultural Heritage in the Region of Turin and Milan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolando, A.; Scandiffio, A.

    2013-07-01

    visualization of data flows. In the current research, the field of investigation refers both to the territorial scale of Turin - Milan axis, and to the local scale of small cities localized in the territories in between. The research has been applied to Turin - Milan infrastructural axis, with the aim to represent the relationships that can be established between mobility infrastructure and cultural heritage. Such relationships should be intended in terms of accessibility from mobility infrastructure (motorway exit, service areas, railways stations) to cultural heritage localized in the surrounding landscape. The richness of cultural heritage and landscape along the chosen infrastructural bundle represent a great opportunity for territorial development in terms of attractiveness, both for local inhabitants and for tourists. Nowadays, the use of tracking technologies can be applied to investigate tourist flows, behaviors of local inhabitants in the historic city centre, number of visitors in the city and so on. In this sense it is possible to apply these technologies, which are particularly relevant in urban studies, extending them to the territorial scale of the Turin - Milan region. The large amount of available geo-referenced data can be used in different ways and it is very potential for different kind of analysis: it is possible to show tourist flows in the territory, receive information about more visited places, obtain interaction from users and cultural heritage in terms of visitors opinion about the places, give information to tourists about cultural places, monitor the accessibility to the places, understand the use of means of transport and keep under control the impacts of tourism (social, cultural, environmental) on territory. Applications based on smartphones can be considered a powerful device for visitors but also for institutions that are involved in tourism and cultural heritage management. In fact, the use of mobile applications it can produce a real time data

  14. Overview of Rural Tourism Development in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tianhui; XIE

    2015-01-01

    Rural tourism is a form of tourism relying on rural environment,with rural unique natural scene and cultural characteristics( production pattern,life style,folk customs,and rural culture) as object,and integrating sightseeing,vacation,recreation and shopping. Rural tourism provides recreation products for urban residents,promotes national and local economy,promotes rural employment,keeps traditional culture,improves rural ecological environment,and promotes urban and rural exchange. From concept and characteristics of rural tourism,this paper made a brief overview of development background,realistic significance,influence factors,development mode,and existing problems,in the hope of providing favorable references for grasping development situation of rural tourism in China.

  15. The Afterlife of tourism between emotion and motion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Michael Haldrup; Larsen, Jonas

    on the many ways in which the experiences of tourism enters into people's everyday lives after returning from their holiday and resurrect tourist emotions, dreams, fantasies and social networks. Focusing on the material culture of tourism (Haldrup and Larsen 2006), we acknowledge that tourism is a thoroughly...

  16. Cultural dimensions and image: an essay on the impacts of masculinity and individualism on the interpretation of the sustainability of tourism destinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Gomes de Souza

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The phenomenon of sustainability has been discussed systematically within academic settings since the 70’s. Even though some debates have already expanded significantly the approaching possibilities on the subject, there still seems to be a lack of discussion on its relationship with the cultural characteristics of different societies. Hence, the purpose of this essay is to discuss how the image of the sustainability of tourism destinations can vary across different social groups, whose values show opposite levels with regard to cultural aspects such as masculinity and individualism as proposed by Hofstede (1980. As suggested by the literature, both image and sustainability constructs are directly associated with cultural values (Milbrath, 1984; Mooij, 2010. In this sense, there is an opportunity for in-depth discussions regarding the possible relationships among those constructs. After a theoretical review and critical analysis it was possible to present topics for future research, such as how the interpretation of the sustainability of a destination can be embedded in the cultural influence on sustainable behavior.

  17. The role of travel intermediaries in the development of sustainable mountain tourism. The case of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onur Icoz

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to investigate the current situation of mountain tourism and its sustainability in Turkey as a new and ascending tourism product. In addition, tourism policies of Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism in the mountain tourism area are scrutinized. Not only the tourism policies of the government are enough to promote a new alternative tourism type, but also the role and effects of tourism middlemen such as travel agencies, tour operators, and tour wholesalers cannot be denied in the promotion of a destination. Mountain tourism can be accepted and classified as one of these mentioned alternative and newly developed types of tourism in many destinations. Therefore, mountain tourism could be one of the best alternative tourism opportunities for many destinations if they have sufficient resources, namely naturally attractive mountains and related infra and/or superstructure.

  18. Medical tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leggat, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Medical tourism is a burgeoning industry in our region. It involves patients travelling outside of their home country for medical treatment. This article provides an outline of the current research around medical tourism, especially its impact on Australians. Patients are increasingly seeking a variety of medical treatments abroad, particularly those involving cosmetic surgery and dental treatment, often in countries in South-East Asia. Adverse events may occur during medical treatment abroad, which raises medico-legal and insurance issues, as well as concerns regarding follow-up of patients. General practitioners need to be prepared to offer advice, including travel health advice, to patients seeking medical treatment abroad.

  19. Adventure tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løseth, Kristin

    In a rapidly changing tourism industry, the international competition is strong and the well-travelled tourists have high expectations. This has led to an increasing emphasis on the development of new services and experiences to attract tourists’ attention. Innovation has become a “buzz-word”, seen...... innovation, and draws on perspectives from economic geography and evolutionary theories of industry development. In addition sociological theories of leisure are included to explore how the close relations between adventure tourism and certain outdoor recreation milieus may benefit knowledge development...

  20. Study on the Impact of the Tourism Development of Chishui Danxia World Natural Heritage on Traditional Culture%赤水丹霞旅游开发对传统文化的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱华

    2011-01-01

    Chishui tourism is faced with new opportunities for development as Chishui Danxia landform has been world natural heritage. This paper analyzes the influence of tourism development to traditional culture at first. And then it puts forward a few initiatives of Tourism exploitation.%赤水丹霞地貌成功入选世界自然遗产名录,给赤水旅游带来良好的发展机遇.首先分析了赤水丹霞旅游开发对地方传统文化所产生的积极和消极两方面的影响,然后根据分析结果和资源特征,提出旅游开发战略建议.